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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Failure of Carbon Fibers at a Crease in a Fiber-Reinforced Silicone Sheet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Failure of Carbon Fibers at a Crease in a Fiber-Reinforced Silicone Sheet Francisco L´opez Jim 91125 E-mail: sergiop@caltech.edu Thin sheets of unidirectional carbon fibers embedded in a silicone's modulus Et tensile Young's modulus of fiber Ec compressive Young's modulus of fiber F end force on looped

Pellegrino, Sergio

2

Rice consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Agricultural Economics. products has shifted away from staple grains and toward meat, dairy products, eggs, and other secondary foods. Rapid growth of animal production and the government's present target for increased production of specific non-grain crops... could lead to a, large shortage of the coarse grain needed for development of animal husbandry. If per capita. rice consumption grows slowly, there is the potential for excess capacity in rice production if the annual rice production growth rate...

Lan, Jin

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Cherish every Joule: Maximizing throughput with an eye on network-wide energy consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cherish every Joule: Maximizing throughput with an eye on network-wide energy consumption Canming: {jcm, yshi, thou, wjlou}@vt.edu Abstract Conserving network-wide energy consumption is becoming of wireless networks, the concern of energy consumption is becoming in- creasingly important for network

Hou, Y. Thomas

4

Agent Cooperatives for Effective Power Consumption Shifting Charilaos Akasiadis and Georgios Chalkiadakis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduced electricity price rates, given their different load shifting capabilities. This allows even agents of household energy pricing. In addition, due to in- creased levels of consumer uncertainty regarding imminent applicable scheme for electricity consumption shifting and effective de- mand curve flattening. The scheme

Chalkiadakis, Georgios

5

Agent Cooperatives for Effective Power Consumption Shifting Charilaos Akasiadis and Georgios Chalkiadakis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduced electricity price rates, given their different load shifting capabilities. This allows even agents- ization of household energy pricing. In addition, due to in- creased levels of consumer uncertainty applicable scheme for electricity consumption shifting and effective de- mand curve flattening. The scheme

Chalkiadakis, Georgios

6

Monitoring Energy Consumption In Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monitoring Energy Consumption In Wireless Sensor Networks Matthias Witt, Christoph Weyer, it may impair the ability of the sensor network to function. Therefore, minimizing energy consumption energy consumption in both standby and active modes is the basis of wireless networks. Energy preserving

Turau, Volker

7

Energy consumption in thermomechanical pulping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Various components of refining energy were determined experimentally and compared with those calculated on the basis of the dimensions of morphological elements of wood. The experimentally determined fiberization energy of spruce was 6 to 60 times larger than the calculated value and that of birch 3 to 15 times larger. The energy consumed in reducing the Canadian standard freeness of isolated fibers from 500 to 150 ml was found to be approximately 1/3 of the total fiber development energy for both spruce and birch TMP. Chip size affected the refining energy consumption; the total energy dropped by approximately 30% when chip size was reduced from 16 mm to 3 mm in the case of spruce and approximately 40% for birch. 6 refs.

Marton, R.; Tsujimoto, N.; Eskelinen, E.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Trends in Renewable Energy Consumption and Electricity  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Presents a summary of the nation’s renewable energy consumption in 2010 along with detailed historical data on renewable energy consumption by energy source and end-use sector. Data presented also includes renewable energy consumption for electricity generation and for non-electric use by energy source, and net summer capacity and net generation by energy source and state. The report covers the period from 2006 through 2010.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Energy Consumption of Minimum Energy Coding in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption of Minimum Energy Coding in CDMA Wireless Sensor Networks Benigno Zurita Ares://www.ee.kth.se/control Abstract. A theoretical framework is proposed for accurate perfor- mance analysis of minimum energy coding energy consumption is analyzed for two coding schemes proposed in the literature: Minimum Energy coding

Johansson, Karl Henrik

10

Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Building Operations and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Building Operations and Weather for a Medium between predicted and actual building energy consumption can be attributed to uncertainties introduced in energy consumption due to actual weather and building operational practices, using a simulation

11

Research on Building Energy Consumption Situation in Shanghai  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper surveys the present situation of building energy consumption in Shanghai and points out the problems of insufficient energy consumption statistics based on the survey data. We analyze the relationships of energy consumption between...

Yang, X.; Tan, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Organotin intake through fish consumption in Finland  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Background: Organotin compounds (OTCs) are a large class of synthetic chemicals with widely varying properties. Due to their potential adverse health effects, their use has been restricted in many countries. Humans are exposed to OTCs mostly through fish consumption. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe OTC exposure through fish consumption and to assess the associated potential health risks in a Finnish population. Methods: An extensive sampling of Finnish domestic fish was carried out in the Baltic Sea and freshwater areas in 2005-2007. In addition, samples of imported seafood were collected in 2008. The chemical analysis was performed in an accredited testing laboratory during 2005-2008. Average daily intake of the sum of dibutyltin (DBT), tributyltin (TBT), triphenyltin (TPhT) and dioctyltin (DOT) ({Sigma}OTCs) for the Finnish population was calculated on the basis of the measured concentrations and fish consumption rates. Results: The average daily intake of {Sigma}OTCs through fish consumption was 3.2 ng/kg bw day{sup -1}, which is 1.3% from the Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI) of 250 ng/kg bw day{sup -1} set by the European Food Safety Authority. In total, domestic wild fish accounted for 61% of the {Sigma}OTC intake, while the intake through domestic farmed fish was 4.0% and the intake through imported fish was 35%. The most important species were domestic perch and imported salmon and rainbow trout. Conclusions: The Finnish consumers are not likely to exceed the threshold level for adverse health effects due to OTC intake through fish consumption.

Airaksinen, Riikka, E-mail: Riikka.Airaksinen@thl.fi [National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Environmental Health, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701 Kuopio (Finland)] [National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Environmental Health, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701 Kuopio (Finland); Rantakokko, Panu; Turunen, Anu W.; Vartiainen, Terttu [National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Environmental Health, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701 Kuopio (Finland)] [National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Environmental Health, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701 Kuopio (Finland); Vuorinen, Pekka J.; Lappalainen, Antti; Vihervuori, Aune [Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Helsinki (Finland)] [Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Helsinki (Finland); Mannio, Jaakko [Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki (Finland)] [Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki (Finland); Hallikainen, Anja [Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Helsinki (Finland)] [Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Helsinki (Finland)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

Today in Energy - commercial consumption & efficiency  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Short, timely articles with graphs about recent commercial consumption and efficiency issues and trends.

2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Characterizing System Level Energy Consumption in Mobile Computing Platforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Characterizing System Level Energy Consumption in Mobile Computing Platforms Cintia B. Margi 1156 High Street Santa Cruz, CA 95064 Abstract--- This paper approaches energy consumption charac­ terization in mobile computing platforms by assessing energy con­ sumption of ''basic'' application

Obraczka, Katia

15

Modeling energy consumption in cellular networks L. Decreusefond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling energy consumption in cellular networks L. Decreusefond Telecom Paristech, LTCI Paris Abstract--In this paper we present a new analysis of energy consumption in cellular networks. We focus on the distribution of energy consumed by a base station for one isolated cell. We first define the energy consumption

Boyer, Edmond

16

Energy Consumption in Coded Queues for Wireless Information Exchange  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption in Coded Queues for Wireless Information Exchange Jasper Goseling, Richard J customers. We use this relation to ob- tain bounds on the energy consumption in a wireless information, for example, from the observations in [3] that using network coding can reduce the energy consumption

Boucherie, Richard J.

17

Minimizing Energy Consumption in Body Sensor Networks via Convex Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimizing Energy Consumption in Body Sensor Networks via Convex Optimization Sidharth Nabar energy consumption while limiting the latency in data transfer. In this paper, we focus on polling energy consumption and latency. We show that this problem can be posed as a geometric program, which

Poovendran, Radha

18

GENETIC HEURISTICS FOR REDUCING MEMORY ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN EMBEDDED SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENETIC HEURISTICS FOR REDUCING MEMORY ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Maha IDRISSI AOUAD.loria.fr/zendra Keywords: Energy consumption reduction, Genetic heuristics, memory allocation management, optimizations on heuristic methods for SPMs careful management in order to reduce memory energy consumption. We propose

Schott, René - Institut de Mathématiques �lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

19

Optimization of Energy and Water Consumption in Cornbased Ethanol Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimization of Energy and Water Consumption in Corn­based Ethanol Plants Elvis Ahmetovi). First, we review the major alternatives in the optimization of energy consumption and its impact for the water streams. We show that minimizing energy consumption leads to process water networks with minimum

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

20

Getting to Green: Understanding Resource Consumption in the Home  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy [19], increasing awareness of resource consumption in the workplace [20] and building homes manage their energy consumption. Next, we outline our methods and findings from a qualitative study of 15 households' current practices around resource consumption and management in a US metropolitan area. We find

Grinter, Rebecca Elizabeth

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Profiling, Prediction, and Capping of Power Consumption in Consolidated Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.2% of the overall electricity consumption in the U.S. More alarmingly, if current practices for the designProfiling, Prediction, and Capping of Power Consumption in Consolidated Environments Jeonghwan Choi be able to charac- terize the power consumption of groups of co-located ap- plications

Urgaonkar, Bhuvan

22

Profiling, Prediction, and Capping of Power Consumption in Consolidated Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- puting platforms (or data centers) accounts for 1.2% of the overall electricity consumption in the UProfiling, Prediction, and Capping of Power Consumption in Consolidated Environments Jeonghwan Choi the power consumption of groups of co-located applications. Such characterization is crucial for effective

Urgaonkar, Bhuvan

23

Optimizing Communication Energy Consumption in Perpetual Wireless Nanosensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimizing Communication Energy Consumption in Perpetual Wireless Nanosensor Networks Shahram}@cs.odu.edu Abstract--This paper investigates the effect of various param- eters of energy consumption. Finding the optimum combination of parameters to minimize energy consumption while satisfying the Qo

Weigle, Michele

24

Hybrid Heuristics for Optimizing Energy Consumption in Embedded Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid Heuristics for Optimizing Energy Consumption in Embedded Systems Maha IDRISSI AOUAD1 , Ren to BEH). Keywords: Energy consumption reduction, Genetic algorithms, hybrid heuristics, memory allocation energy consumption of embedded systems is of great importance. To do so, numerous options to save energy

Schott, René - Institut de Mathématiques �lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

25

A Survey on the Encryption of Convergecast Traffic with In-Network Processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nodes, 2) the overall energy consumption of the backbone can be reduced, 3) the system is more flexible to be on the biomedical sector, public safety, and safety support for vehicles. One major application scenario for a WSN. Since the energy consumption in- creases linearly with the amount of transmitted data, an aggregation

Castelluccia, Claude

26

Pricing Conspicuous Consumption Products in Recession Periods ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conspicuous consumptions products as luxury cars, designer brands, and fancy hotel rooms .... mand D is driven by the brand image and the pricing strategy p.

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

27

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China, 2008,The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andfor Residential Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou,

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid: A Non-Cooperative Game Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Game- Theoretic Energy Consumption Scheduling for theIn this paper, energy consumption scheduling based on non-Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid: A Non-

Ma, Kai; Hu, Guoqiang; Spanos, Costas J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid:A Non-Cooperative Game Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Game- Theoretic Energy Consumption Scheduling for theIn this paper, energy consumption scheduling based on non-Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid: A Non-

Kai, Ma; Guoqiang, Hu; Spanos, Costas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid: A Non-Cooperative Game Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Game- Theoretic Energy Consumption Scheduling for theIn this paper, energy consumption scheduling based on non-Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid: A Non-

Kai, Ma; Guoqiang, Hu; Spanos, Costas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andof Residential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan ZhouResidential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou*,

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China, 2008,The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andcan be measured using energy consumption per capita values.

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Cost and Energy Consumption Optimization of Product Manufacture in a Flexible Manufacturing System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selection for Energy Consumption Reduction in Machining,Dornfeld, D. (2011): Energy Consumption Characterization and2011): Unit Process Energy Consumption Models for Material

Diaz, Nancy; Dornfeld, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, PEAK DEMAND, AND GENERATING CAPACITY IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PWP-085 TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, PEAK DEMAND, AND GENERATING CAPACITY IN CALIFORNIA, California 94720-5180 www.ucei.org #12;TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, PEAK DEMAND, AND GENERATING** Abstract This study analyzes state and regional electricity supply and demand trends for the eleven states

California at Berkeley. University of

35

Modeling energy consumption of residential furnaces and boilers in U.S. homes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY CONSUMPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ENERGY CONSUMPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 ENERGY CONSUMPTION

Lutz, James; Dunham-Whitehead, Camilla; Lekov, Alex; McMahon, James

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Oxygen consumption of bovine granulosa cells in vitro.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The oxygen consumption rate of granulosa cells is considered to be a key determinant of oocyte oxygenation in follicles. The oxygen status of the oocyte… (more)

Li, Dongxing

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the total primary energy consumption in 2000. Furthermore,The Commercial Primary Energy Consumption by Sector GDP

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Reducing Occupant-Controlled Electricity Consumption in Campus Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010 Reducing Occupant-Controlled Electricity Consumption in Campus Buildings Kill­09 and is expected to spend more than $17.1 million in 2009­10. In an effort to reduce electricity consumption; 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY UC Berkeley spent $16.39 million on purchased electricity in 2008

Doudna, Jennifer A.

39

Tuning Fuzzy Logic Controllers for Energy Efficiency Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- tems 1 Introduction In EU countries, primary energy consumption in build- ings represents about 40Tuning Fuzzy Logic Controllers for Energy Efficiency Consumption in Buildings R. Alcal´a DECSAI 18071 ­ Granada, Spain e-mail: A.Gonzalez@decsai.ugr.es Abstract In EU countries, primary energy consump

Casillas Barranquero, Jorge

40

On Achieving Balanced Power Consumption in Software Pipelined Loops #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The benchmarks are executed on the Wattch power simulator. In comparison to the original (powerOn Achieving Balanced Power Consumption in Software Pipelined Loops # Hongbo Yang Dept of ECE Univ@capsl.udel.edu ABSTRACT While a significant body of work in compilers has been de­ voted to reducing energy consumption

Gao, Guang R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Balancing Image Quality and Energy Consumption in Visual Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Image Quality and Energy Consumption in Visual Sensor Networks Kit-Yee Chow, King by hop through the sensor network. To reduce the energy used in transmission, the size of the images studies the tradeoff between image quality and energy consumption. We study the scenario that a number

Tam, Vincent W. L.

42

Characterizing System Level Energy Consumption in Mobile Computing Platforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Characterizing System Level Energy Consumption in Mobile Computing Platforms Cintia B. Margi 1156 High Street Santa Cruz, CA 95064 Abstract-- This paper approaches energy consumption charac- terization in mobile computing platforms by assessing energy con- sumption of "basic" application-level tasks

Obraczka, Katia

43

GreenSlot: Scheduling Energy Consumption in Green Datacenters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GreenSlot: Scheduling Energy Consumption in Green Datacenters Íñigo Goiri UPC/BSC and Rutgers Univ grid (as a backup). GreenSlot predicts the amount of solar energy that will be available in the near future, and schedules the workload to maximize the green energy consumption while meet- ing the jobs

44

Power Consumption Prediction and Power-Aware Packing in Consolidated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-term energy consumption within that level and 2) a sustained budget to capture any restrictions on sustainedPower Consumption Prediction and Power-Aware Packing in Consolidated Environments Jeonghwan Choi--Consolidation of workloads has emerged as a key mechanism to dampen the rapidly growing energy expenditure within enterprise

Urgaonkar, Bhuvan

45

Smoothing the Energy Consumption: Peak Demand Reduction in Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for autonomous demand side management within one house. The DRS devices are able to sense and control the peak energy consumption or demand. We assume that several appliances within one building access to oneSmoothing the Energy Consumption: Peak Demand Reduction in Smart Grid Shaojie Tang , Qiuyuan Huang

Li, Xiang-Yang

46

Sustainable Development in the Forest Sector: Balancing production and consumption in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Development in the Forest Sector: Balancing production and consumption in a challenging Consumption Workshop, Geneva, 2011 Sustainable development · Management and conservation of the natural;Promoting Sustainable Consumption Workshop, Geneva, 2011 Sustainable development (in the forest sector

47

Smoothing consumption across households and time : essays in development economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis studies two strategies that households may use to keep their consumption smooth in the face of fluctuations in income and expenses: credit (borrowing and savings) and insurance (state contingent transfers between ...

Kinnan, Cynthia Georgia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Optimization of Water Consumption in Second Generation Bioethanol Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimization of Water Consumption in Second Generation Bioethanol Plants Mariano Martína optimization of second generation bioethanol production plants from lignocellulosic switchgrass when using/gal and with no or low water discharge. Keywords: Energy, Biofuels, Alternative fuels, Water, Ethanol

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

49

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar systems and energy efficiency and conservationEnergy Tax Act encouraged homeowners to invest in energy conservation and solarenergy consumption patterns: that some adopters of solar will thereafter become adopters of energy conservation

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

49 3.3.3. Pre-installation electricity consumption of CSIE. Kahn (2011). Electricity Consumption and Durable Housing:on Electricity Consumption .

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou,Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China* Nan Zhou, 1whether and how the energy consumption trend can be changed

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i n g s 2.1 Total Energy Consumption i n Japan's Residentialhouses. 2.1 Total Energy Consumption in Japan's Residentialorder to reduce total energy consumption. Figure 2 suggests

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

roughly 2.7% of total US energy consumption. The final tworoughly 1.5% of total US energy consumption. The final twoSpace Conditioning Energy Consumption in US Buildings Annual

Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Building Operations and Weather for a Medium-Size Office Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Buildingand actual building energy consumption can be attributed touncertainties in energy consumption due to actual weather

Wang, Liping

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monitoring of Direct Energy Consumption in Long-Term2007. “Constraining Energy Consumption of China’s LargestProgram: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Lifestyle Factors in U.S. Residential Electricity Consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multivariate statistical approach to lifestyle analysis of residential electricity consumption is described and illustrated. Factor analysis of selected variables from the 2005 U.S. Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) identified five lifestyle factors reflecting social and behavioral choices associated with air conditioning, laundry usage, personal computer usage, climate zone of residence, and TV use. These factors were also estimated for 2001 RECS data. Multiple regression analysis using the lifestyle factors yields solutions accounting for approximately 40% of the variance in electricity consumption for both years. By adding the associated household and market characteristics of income, local electricity price and access to natural gas, variance accounted for is increased to approximately 54%. Income contributed only {approx}1% unique variance to the 2005 and 2001 models, indicating that lifestyle factors reflecting social and behavioral choices better account for consumption differences than income. This was not surprising given the 4-fold range of energy use at differing income levels. Geographic segmentation of factor scores is illustrated, and shows distinct clusters of consumption and lifestyle factors, particularly in suburban locations. The implications for tailored policy and planning interventions are discussed in relation to lifestyle issues.

Sanquist, Thomas F.; Orr, Heather M.; Shui, Bin; Bittner, Alvah C.

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

57

Model for electric energy consumption in eastern Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical energy consumption in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia is modeled as a function of weather data, global solar radiation, population, and gross domestic product per capita. Five years of data have been used to develop the energy consumption model. Variable selection in the regression model is carried out by using the general stepping-regression technique. Model adequacy is determined from a residual analysis technique. Model validation aims to determine if the model will function successfully in its intended operating field. In this regard, new energy consumption data for a sixth year are collected, and the results predicted by the regression model are compared with the new data set. Finally, the sensitivity of the model is examined. It is found that the model is strongly influenced by the ambient temperature.

Al-Garni, A.Z.; Al-Nassar, Y.N.; Zubair, S.M.; Al-Shehri, A. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Balancing Peer and Server Energy Consumption in Large Peer-to-Peer File Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Peer and Server Energy Consumption in Large Peer-to-Peer File Distribution Systems}@swin.edu.au Abstract--Network induced energy consumption is a significant fraction of all ICT energy consumption. It is shown that using peer-to-peer and naively minimizing the transfer time results in energy consumption

Andrew, Lachlan

59

Demonstration Of A Monitoring Lamp To Visualize The Energy Consumption In Houses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the sources of consumption. Automated monitoring of the electricity consumption in a house is quite a recent or numbers, but simply alert residents that something relevant to their electricity consumption is chang- ingDemonstration Of A Monitoring Lamp To Visualize The Energy Consumption In Houses Christophe Gisler1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

60

Nodes Placement for reducing Energy Consumption in Multimedia Transmissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

quality of multimedia traffic. Index Terms--Wireless Sensor Networks, Multimedia, Energy Saving, Quality on the energy saving by extending the lifetime of the network up to more than 15% while preserving video qualityNodes Placement for reducing Energy Consumption in Multimedia Transmissions Pasquale Pace Valeria

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Survey: Techniques for Efficient energy consumption in Mobile Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Survey: Techniques for Efficient energy consumption in Mobile Architectures Sean Maloney University@cs.ucsb.edu March 16th, 2012 Abstract As the world becomes more dependent on mobile technologies, battery life battery life is a delicate balance of give and take between longer battery life and more functionality

California at Santa Barbara, University of

62

Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Electricity...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

a bottom-up approach in their research paper from the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (LBNL) in 2009, Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook....

63

Fertilizer Consumption in Texas, 1947-53.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or no fertilizer was used in 1947-48 are now nong the largest users, and other areas have 'langed places in relative tonnages used. New iaterials have appeared on the market. Changes I the relative importance of various grades re- * IPC~ the impact... of advancing fertilizer technology )I modern plants and the vigorous fertilizer re- '?arch program of the Texas Agricultural Ex- eriment Station. Graphs are used in this bulletin to present 'ke important changes in a simple form. The ata used in making...

Fudge, J. F.

1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

A method for evaluating transport energy consumption in suburban areas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Urban sprawl is a major issue for sustainable development. It represents a significant contribution to energy consumption of a territory especially due to transportation requirements. However, transport energy consumption is rarely taken into account when the sustainability of suburban structures is studied. In this context, the paper presents a method to estimate transport energy consumption in residential suburban areas. The study aimed, on this basis, at highlighting the most efficient strategies needed to promote awareness and to give practical hints on how to reduce transport energy consumption linked to urban sprawl in existing and future suburban neighborhoods. The method uses data collected by using empirical surveys and GIS. An application of this method is presented concerning the comparison of four suburban districts located in Belgium to demonstrate the advantages of the approach. The influence of several parameters, such as distance to work places and services, use of public transport and performance of the vehicles, are then discussed to allow a range of different development situations to be explored. The results of the case studies highlight that traveled distances, and thus a good mix between activities at the living area scale, are of primordial importance for the energy performance, whereas means of transport used is only of little impact. Improving the performance of the vehicles and favoring home-work give also significant energy savings. The method can be used when planning new areas or retrofitting existing ones, as well as promoting more sustainable lifestyles regarding transport habits. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The method allows to assess transport energy consumption in suburban areas and highlight the best strategies to reduce it. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Home-to-work travels represent the most important part of calculated transport energy consumption. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Energy savings can be achieved by reducing distances to travel through a good mix between activities at the local scale. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Means of transport used in only of little impact in the studied suburban neighborhoods. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Improving the performance of the vehicles and favoring home-work can significant energy savings.

Marique, Anne-Francoise, E-mail: afmarique@ulg.ac.be; Reiter, Sigrid, E-mail: Sigrid.Reiter@ulg.ac.be

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

Power consumption in gas-inducing-type mechanically agitated contactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power consumption was measured in 0.57, 1.0, and 1.5 m i.d. gas inducing type of mechanically agitated contactors (GIMAC) using single and multiple impellers. The ratio of impeller diameter to vessel diameter was varied in the range of 0.13 < D/T < 0.59. The effect of liquid submergence from the top and impeller clearance from the vessel bottom was investigated in detail. In the case of multiple impeller systems, six different designs were investigated. The designs included pitched blade downflow turbine (PBTD), pitched blade upflow turbine (PBTU), downflow propeller (PD), upflow propeller (PU), straight bladed turbine (SBT) and disc turbine (DT). The effect of interimpeller clearance was studied for the multiple impeller system. The effect of impeller speed was studied in the range of 0.13 < N < 13.5 rotations/s. A mathematical model has been developed for power consumption before and after the onset of gas induction.

Saravanan, K.; Mundale, V.D.; Patwardhan, A.W.; Joshi, J.B. [Univ. of Bombay (India). Dept. of Chemical Technology] [Univ. of Bombay (India). Dept. of Chemical Technology

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

The importance of population growth in future commercial energy consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper estimates the contribution of population growth to commercial energy consumption, which is considered a major cause of increases in air pollution and greenhouse gases. This paper first summarizes some of the recent estimates of future energy use developed by well-known models. It then develops several alternative scenarios that use different assumptions about population growth and energy use per capita for 122 countries for the years 2020 and 2050. It calculates the relative contribution of population growth to the change in total commercial energy use and demonstrates the sensitivity of the results to different assumptions. Individual country data are separately summed to totals for more-developed countries (MDCs) and less-developed countries (LDCs). Under a business as usual scenario for both MDCs and LDCs, population growth is important, but not the most important factor, in future increases in global energy consumption. Analysis of other scenarios shows that while slower population growth always contributes to a slowing of future global energy consumption, such changes are not as effective as reductions in per capita commercial energy use. Calculations on a global basis are made in two ways: from global aggregates and by summing individual country data. Comparison of the results shows that the first method is misleading because of the heterogeneity of population growth rates and energy consumption rates of individual countries. The tentative conclusions reached in this paper are only small pieces of a much larger puzzle. More work needs to be done to better understand the dynamics of these relationships before the analysis is extended to the broader questions of population growth and environmental change.

Kolsrud, G. [Congress, Washington, DC (United States); Torrey, B.B. [Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

67

Factors of material consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Historic consumption trends for materials have been studied by many researchers, and, in order to identify the main drivers of consumption, special attention has been given to material intensity, which is the consumption ...

Silva Díaz, Pamela Cristina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Models for estimation of car fuel consumption in urban traffic  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes four fuel-consumption models. The models are interrelated and form part of the same modeling framework. A simpler model is derived from a more complicated model keeping the vehicle characteristic such as mass, drag function, and energy efficiency as explicit parameters at all model levels. Because vehicle characteristics are likely to change over time and from country to country, this is a particularly useful model property. For simplicity here, only the instantaneous fuel-consumption model is described in any detail. However, because of the derivation procedure, many of the features and properties of this model are present in the more aggregate models. Easy-to-use functions and graphs are given for the more aggregate models based on a ''default car'' in urban driving conditions. All parameters related to the speed profile and driving environment were calibrated using on-road data collected in Sydney, Australia. Use of the models is illustrated by estimating the fuel consumption for the microtrip.

Biggs, D.C.; Akcelik

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Emissions and Fuel Consumption Test Results from a Plug-In Hybrid...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Fuel Consumption Test Results from a Plug-In Hybrid Electric School Bus Emissions and Fuel Consumption Test Results from a Plug-In Hybrid Electric School Bus 2010 DOE Vehicle...

70

Classification of Energy Consumption in Buildings with Outlier Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Then a canonical variate analysis is employed to describe latent variables of daily electricity consumption is used to predict the daily electricity consumption profiles. A case study, based on a mixed use consumption data within a buildings energy management system. Electrical peak load forecasting plays

Yao, Xin

71

Energy Consumption Reduction with Low Computational Needs in Multicore Systems with Energy-Performance Tradeoff  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption Reduction with Low Computational Needs in Multicore Systems with Energy rules) in order to decrease the energy consumption. We proposed in a previous paper a robust control of the energy consumption. I. INTRODUCTION An energy-performance tradeoff is required in many em- bedded

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

72

Experimental study of lube oil characteristics in the PCV system and effects on engine oil consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engine oil consumption is an important source of hydrocarbon and particulate emissions in modem automobile engines. Great efforts have been made by automotive manufacturers to minimize the impact of oil consumption on ...

Lopez, Oscar, 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reliance on biomass for rural energy consumption shows thereliance on biomass for rural energy consumption shows theBiomass is the major energy in rural area. For lighting, an

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Energy consumption in cellular network: ON-OFF model and impact of mobility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy consumption in cellular network: ON-OFF model and impact of mobility Thanh Tung Vu Telecom consumption in cellular network and we focus on the distribution of energy consumed by a base station. We first define the energy consumption model, in which the consumed energy is divided into two parts

75

CONSUMPTION AND CHANGES IN HOME ENERGY COSTS: HOW PREVALENT IS THE `HEAT OR EAT' DECISION?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSUMPTION AND CHANGES IN HOME ENERGY COSTS: HOW PREVALENT IS THE `HEAT OR EAT' DECISION?· Julie how household consumption responds to changes in home energy outlays over the course of the year. We specify Euler equations describing nondurable and food consumption and then rely on changes in energy

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

76

A Process Algebraic Framework for Estimating the Energy Consumption in Ad-hoc Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Process Algebraic Framework for Estimating the Energy Consumption in Ad-hoc Wireless Sensor their connecti- vity properties and their performances in terms of energy consumption, throughput and other and the evaluation or esti- mation of energy consumption in ad-hoc WSNs. The frame- work is based on a variant

Rossi, Sabina

77

Experimental Study on the Energy Consumption in IaaS Cloud Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental Study on the Energy Consumption in IaaS Cloud Environments Alexandra Carpen.morin@inria.fr Abstract--Energy consumption has always been a major concern in the design and cost of datacenters the energy consumption of a cloud system, the hardware-component level is one of the most intensively studied

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

78

Energy Consumption of TCP Reno, Newreno, and SACK in Multi-Hop Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption of TCP Reno, Newreno, and SACK in Multi-Hop Wireless Networks Harkirat Singh In this paper we compare the energy consumption behavior of three versions of TCP ­ Reno, Newreno, and SACK the lowest overall energy consumption. 1. INTRODUCTION Today, sophisticated wireless devices are gaining

Singh, Suresh

79

Hybrid GA-SA Algorithms for Reducing Energy Consumption in Embedded Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid GA-SA Algorithms for Reducing Energy Consumption in Embedded Systems Maha IDRISSI AOUAD Vandoeuvre-L`es-Nancy, France. Email: Rene.Schott@loria.fr Abstract--Reducing energy consumption in embedded algorithms based on Simulated An- nealing (SA) and Genetic Algorithm (GA) for reducing energy consumption

Schott, René - Institut de Mathématiques �lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

80

Balancing Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration System J. Cai and J- tion of commercial refrigeration system, featuring balanced system energy consumption and food quality energy consumption and food quality loss, at varying ambient condition, in a supermarket refrigeration

Skogestad, Sigurd

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Mechanism design for aggregating energy consumption and quality of service in speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a way that minimizes energy while respecting the jobs' deadlines. The energy consumption is then chargedScale. Higher speed means that jobs finish earlier at the price of a higher energy consumption. Each job hasMechanism design for aggregating energy consumption and quality of service in speed scaling

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

82

Energy Consumption in Data Analysis for On-board and Distributed Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption in Data Analysis for On-board and Distributed Applications Ruchita Bhargava Energy consumption is an important issue in the growing number of data mining and machine learning of the energy consumption characteristics of dif- ferent data analysis techniques. The paper com- pares

Kargupta, Hilol

83

Reducing the consumption of anthraquinone disulfonate in stretford solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process for treating a hydrogen sulfide-containing hydrogenated claus process tail gas to convert the hydrogen sulfide to elemental sulfur in which said gas is contacted with an aqueous alkaline solution containing a water-soluble metal vanadate, a water-soluble anthraquinone disulfonate, and a watersoluble, inorganic fluoride, borate, or phosphate complexing agent to yield an effluent gas to reduced sulfur content. The solution is thereafter regenerated by contact with an oxygencontaining gas, elemental sulfur is recovered from the solution, and the regenerated solution is recycled to the gas-contacting step. The complexing agent contained in the solution reduces the chemical consumption of the anthraquinone disulfonate.

Fenton, D.M.; Vaell, R.P.

1982-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

84

To appear in: Mobile Networks and Applications 0 (2000) ?{? 1 An Energy-consumption Model for Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To appear in: Mobile Networks and Applications 0 (2000) ?{? 1 An Energy-consumption Model consumption behavior of a mobile ad hoc network. The model was used to examine the energy consumption of two. Keywords: mobile ad hoc networks, routing, energy consumption 1. Introduction Energy consumption

85

Balancing Energy and Water Consumption in an Urban Desert Environment: A Case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Energy and Water Consumption in an Urban Desert Environment: A Case Study on Phoenix, AZ effect, water scarcity, and energy consumption. The transformation of native landscapes into built to cool homes. Identifying Direct and Indirect Costs of Water and Energy Consumption Study Area Although

Hall, Sharon J.

86

Measuring the Client Performance and Energy Consumption in Mobile Cloud Gaming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring the Client Performance and Energy Consumption in Mobile Cloud Gaming Chun-Ying Huang1, Po-constrained devices may lead to inferior performance and high energy consumption. For example, the gaming frame rate and energy consumption of mobile clients is critical to the success of the new mobile cloud gaming ecosystem

Chen, Sheng-Wei

87

Investigating the Energy Consumption of a Wireless Network Interface in an Ad Hoc Networking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investigating the Energy Consumption of a Wireless Network Interface in an Ad Hoc Networking protocols re- quires knowledge of the energy consumption behavior of actual wireless interfaces. But little practical information is available about the energy consumption behavior of well-known wireless network

Sirer, Emin Gun

88

On the Trade-off between Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Trade-off between Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration on optimizing objective functions such as overall energy consumption, system efficiency, capacity, or wear systems, featuring a balanced system energy consumption and food quality loss. A former developed quality

Skogestad, Sigurd

89

Power consumption modeling in optical multilayer Ward Van Heddeghem, Filip Idzikowski*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Germany Abstract -- The evaluation and reduction of energy consumption of backbone telecommunication% of power over a non-bypass scenario. Keywords -- Green ICT, energy-efficiency, power consumption, core for policy makers to assess the importance of ICT power consumption in comparison to other sectors

Wichmann, Felix

90

An analysis of residential energy consumption in a temperate climate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical energy consumption data have been recorded for several hundred submetered residential structures in Middle Tennessee. All houses were constructed with a common energy package.'' Specifically, daily cooling usage data have been collected for 130 houses for the 1985 and 1986 cooling seasons, and monthly heating usage data for 186 houses have been recorded by occupant participation over a seven-year period. Cooling data have been analyzed using an SPSSx multiple regression analysis and results are compared to several cooling models. Heating, base, and total energy usage are also analyzed and regression correlation coefficients are determined as a function of several house parameters.

Clark, Y.Y.; Vincent, W.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Appliance Energy Consumption in Australia | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio Energy Co Ltd Jump to:SummariesApiConsumption in

92

Future Air Conditioning Energy Consumption in Developing Countries and what can be done about it: The Potential of Efficiency in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004) Survey on Electricity Consumption Characteristics ofof residential electricity consumption in rapidly developingbusiness as usual’ electricity consumption by country/region

McNeil, Michael A.; Letschert, Virginie E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recently. In 2006, total energy consumption reached 2,4577.5% per year, total energy consumption in 2010 will reachof Enterprises Total Energy Consumption Mtce pe tro iro le

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Global Inequality in Energy Consumption from 1980 to 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita around the world using data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) for 1980-2010. We find that the Lorenz curves have moved up during this time period, and the Gini coefficient G has decreased from 0.66 in 1980 to 0.55 in 2010, indicating a decrease in inequality. The global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita in 2010 is close to the exponential distribution with G=0.5. We attribute this result to the globalization of the world economy, which mixes the world and brings it closer to the state of maximal entropy. We argue that global energy production is a limited resource that is partitioned among the world population. The most probable partition is the one that maximizes entropy, thus resulting in the exponential distribution function. A consequence of the latter is the law of 1/3: the top 1/3 of the world population consumes 2/3 of produced energy. We also find similar results for the global pro...

Lawrence, Scott; Yakovenko, Victor M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Strategies for Decreasing Petroleum Consumption in the Federal Fleet (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presentation offers strategies federal agency fleets can use to reduce petroleum consumption and build or gain access to alternative fuel infrastructure.

Putsche, V.

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation analyzes the energy consumption behavior of residential adopters of solar photovoltaic systems (solar-PV). Based on large data sets from the San Diego region… (more)

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Consumption of freshwater fish in Kahnawake: Risks and benefits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Kahnawake is a Mohawk community located on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River near Montreal. A comprehensive study was conducted in 1996--1997 to address the local concern regarding health risks of contaminant exposure associated with freshwater fish consumption. Forty-two participants, including most of the identified active fishermen were interviewed. Walleye, perch, bullhead, and smallmouth bass were the species most consumed. Average daily intake of locally caught fish was 23 g/day. Nutrient and contaminant levels of locally collected fish were analyzed. Fish were good sources of protein, polyunsaturated fatty acids, calcium, zinc, and iron. Levels of cadmium, lead, arsenic, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and other chlorinated pesticides were at least 10 times lower than the guideline levels. Mercury levels of some predatory fish exceeded the guideline of 0.5 {micro}g/g. Average daily intakes of all contaminants were below the guideline levels by a factor of 10 except for mercury. Average mercury intake rate was about one-third that of the guideline level. Contrary to residents` perception, Kahnawake fish were not particularly contaminated. In view of the nutritional as well as cultural benefits, fishing and fish consumption may be promoted.

Chan, H.M.; Trifonopoulos, M.; Ing, A.; Receveur, O. [McGill Univ., Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec (Canada)] [McGill Univ., Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec (Canada); Johnson, E. [Kahnawake Environment, Quebec (Canada)] [Kahnawake Environment, Quebec (Canada)

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China’s total primary energy consumption in 2005, along withof China’s total primary energy consumption (Lin et al. ,accounted for, the primary energy consumption of the Top-

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Assessment of energy consumption in new homes: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of research conducted under a cooperative agreement between the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) Research Foundation (RF), Inc. and the U.S. Department of Energy to assess the energy consumption of new homes across various climates in the United States. This report is unique in that it draws upon actual data on construction activity that has been compiled by NAHB/RF through its annual Builder Practices Survey. NAHB/RF initiated a study utilizing data from its annual Builder Practices Survey to characterize the thermal envelope of single family homes constructed in the United States. The U.S. Department of Energy provided financial assistance to this effort because of their mutual interest in the results.

Not Available

1985-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

100

Reducing the consumption of anthraquinone disulfonate in Stretford solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process for treating a hydrogen sulfide-containing hydrogenated Claus process tail gas to convert the hydrogen sulfide to elemental sulfur in which said gas is contacted with an aqueous alkaline solution containing a water-soluble metal vanadate, a water-soluble anthraquinone disulfonate, and a water soluble phenolic complexing agent or a water-soluble carboxylic complexing agent, to yield an effluent gas of reduced sulfur content. The solution is thereafter regenerated by contact with an oxygen-containing gas, elemental sulfur is recovered from the solution, and the regenerated solution is recycled to the gascontacting step. The complexing agent contained in the solution reduces the chemical consumption of the anthraquinone disulfonate.

Fenton, D.M.; Vaell, R.P.

1980-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Figure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 1E Roberts, Energy in US  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 2008 1E Roberts, Energy in US Source: www.eia.gov #12 National Academy of Science 2009 #12;Figure 8: US Production of Primary Energy by Fuel 8E Roberts, Energy Consumption and Production 13E Roberts, Energy in US EIA Annual Energy Outlook 2012 #12;Figure 14: Oil Price

Sutton, Michael

102

Imaging Oxygen Consumption in Forepaw Somatosensory Stimulation in Rats Under Isoflurane Anesthesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Imaging Oxygen Consumption in Forepaw Somatosensory Stimulation in Rats Under Isoflurane Anesthesia consumption, indicative of partial coupling of CBF and CMRO2. This study describes a useful forepaw. Following Fox et al.'s (2) initial study with positron emission tomography (PET), stimulus- evoked CMRO2

Duong, Timothy Q.

103

Oil consumption, pollutant emission, oil proce volatility and economic activities in selected Asian Developing Economies.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??It is now well established in the literature that oil consumption, oil price shocks, and oil price volatility may impact the economic activities negatively. Studies… (more)

Rafiq, Shuddhasattwa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Delivered Energy Consumption Projections by Industry in the Annual Energy Outlook 2002  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This paper presents delivered energy consumption and intensity projections for the industries included in the industrial sector of the National Energy Modeling System.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Energy Consumption Analyses of Frequently-used HVAC System Types in High Performance Office Buildings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The high energy consumption of heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems in commercial buildings is a hot topic. Office buildings, a typical building set of… (more)

Yan, Liusheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Standby power consumption in U.S. residences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

{open_quotes}Leaking electricity{close_quotes} is the electricity consumed by appliances while they are switched {open_quotes}off{close_quote} or not performing their principal function. Leaking electricity represents approximately 5 % of U.S. residential electricity. This is a relatively new phenomenon and is a result of proliferation of electronic equipment in homes. The standby losses in TVs, VCRs, compact audio systems, and cable boxes account for almost 40% of all leaking electricity. There is a wide range in standby losses in each appliance group. For example, standby losses in compact audio systems range from 2.1 to 28.6 W, even though their features are identical. In some cases, leaking electricity while switched off was only slightly less than energy consumption in the on mode. New features in these appliances may greatly increase leaking electricity, such as electronic program guides in TVs and cable boxes. In the standby mode, these new features require many extra components energized to permit the downloading of information. Several techniques are available to cut standby losses, most without using any new technologies. Simple redesign of circuits to avoid energizing unused components appears to save the most energy. A separate power supply, precisely designed for the actual power needed, is another solution. A switch mode power supply can substitute for the less efficient linear power supply. Switch mode power supplies cut no-load and standby losses by 60-80%. The combination of these techniques can cut leaking electricity by greater than 75%.

Huber, W.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Analysis of Complexity and Power Consumption in DSP-Based Optical Modulation Formats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of about 1 watt without considering thermoelectric cooler (TEC), which is used to normalize the power consumption of the various 400 GbE modulation format schemes considered here. The transceiver power consumption for each scheme takes into account all... , 39, 1402–1405, (2014). [13] J. J. Lee, et al., “Predication of TEC Power Consumption for Cooled Laser Diode Module,” in proceeding of LEOS, Paper WW3, (2004). Acknowledgments This work was supported by UK EPSRC via the INTERNET project. ...

Wei, J. L.; Cheng, Q.; Penty, R. V.; White, I. H.

2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

108

Heart Rate and Oxygen Consumption of Northern Elephant Seals during Diving in the Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

116 Heart Rate and Oxygen Consumption of Northern Elephant Seals during Diving in the Laboratory Paul M. Webb1 heart rate over the entire dive cycle increased with increasing oxygen consumption in all, which casts some doubt on the usefulness of heart rate as an indicator of metabolicBurney J. Le Boeuf1 1

Webb, Paul M.

109

Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks Juan Alonso1 , Adam. Energy is one of the most important resources in wireless sensor networks. We use an idealized mathematical model to study the impact of routing on energy consumption. We find explicit bounds on the minimal

Voigt, Thiemo

110

Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks Juan Alonso1 , Adam Technical Report T2003:22 ISSN 1100-3154 ISRN:SICS-T­2003/22-SE Abstract. Energy is one of the most of routing on energy consumption. Our results are very general and, within the assumptions listed in Section

111

Energy Consumption and Energy Density in Optical and Electronic Signal Processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption and Energy Density in Optical and Electronic Signal Processing Volume 3, Number-0655/$26.00 ©2011 IEEE #12;Energy Consumption and Energy Density in Optical and Electronic Signal Processing Rodney optical and digital electronic signal processing circuits, including the contributions to energy

Tucker, Rod

112

The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption1 Ming-Jie Lu, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin and Song Chen Abstract This paper examines the effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption of energy policies, including environmental protection policies, policies that promote technological

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

113

2 Risk perceptions of arsenic in tap water and consumption 3 of bottled water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's sales, with nearly 10% growth in per capita consump- 27 tion between 1999 and 2005 and the share2 Risk perceptions of arsenic in tap water and consumption 3 of bottled water 4 Paul M. Jakus,1 W studies on bottled water consumption have used simple scale measures of 11 perceived risk that do

Shaw, W. Douglass

114

Minimum Energy Consumption in Multicomponent Distillation. 1. Vmin Diagram for a Two-Product Column  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimum Energy Consumption in Multicomponent Distillation. 1. Vmin Diagram for a Two-Product Column how the minimum energy consumption is related to the feed-component distribution for all possible operating points in a two-product distillation column with a multicomponent feed. The classical Underwood

Skogestad, Sigurd

115

Consumption, Social Capital, and the 'Industrious Revolution' in Early Modern Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumption, Social Capital, and the “Industrious Revolution” in Early Modern Germany SHEILAGH OGILVIE Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge Acknowledgements: I am grateful to Marco Belfanti, André... ; labour; discrimination; gender; Germany 1 Expanding market consumption is widely ascribed a key role in European economic growth before industrialization. A “Consumer Revolution” between 1650 and 1800 is thought to have seen the middle classes...

Ogilvie, Sheilagh

116

The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption and GDP1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

policies have significant impacts on diesel oil, gasoline and natural gas consumption. However, some energy The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption and GDP1 Ming-Jie Lu, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin and Song Chen Abstract This paper examines the effects of energy policies in China on energy

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

117

Improving Device-level Electricity Consumption Breakdowns in Private Households Using ON/OFF Events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recommen- dations on how to reduce the overall energy consumption of the household. In this paper, we build Descriptors H.4 [Information Systems Applications]: Miscellaneous 1. INTRODUCTION The energy sectorImproving Device-level Electricity Consumption Breakdowns in Private Households Using ON/OFF Events

118

Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology Electricity consumption in the public  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the public municipal sector (rough estimates, 1995) 4 Factsheet: Water and energy This information sheet inhabitant (around 3 watts, based on household consumption). · In the public municipal sector, water suppliesEawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology Electricity consumption

Wehrli, Bernhard

119

Experimental Analysis of Task-based Energy Consumption in Cloud Computing Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

computing, green cloud, energy consumption, performance analysis, energy efficiency. 1. INTRODUCTION Cloud in green cloud computing systems [4]. Many efforts have been made to improve the energy efficiency of cloudExperimental Analysis of Task-based Energy Consumption in Cloud Computing Systems Feifei Chen, John

Schneider, Jean-Guy

120

Energy consumption and comfort analysis for different low-energy cooling systems in a mild climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Energy consumption and comfort analysis for different low- energy cooling systems in a mild. "Energy consumption and comfort analysis for different low-energy cooling systems in a mild climate the architectural and mechanical design of a building. Several researchers have demonstrated the analysis of low-energy

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Comparison of Static and Dynamic WDM Networks in Terms of Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of Static and Dynamic WDM Networks in Terms of Energy Consumption A. Leiva1 , J. M from static to dynamic WDM networks is evaluated, for the first time, in terms of energy consumption Currently, telecommunication networks have been reported to account for 1-10% of the world's energy

LĂłpez, VĂ­ctor

122

RECENT TRENDS IN EMERGING TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abundance of energy can be improved both by developing new sources of fuel and by improving efficiency of energy utilization, although we really need to pursue both paths to improve energy accessibility in the future. Currently, 2.7 billion people or 38% of the world s population do not have access to modern cooking fuel and depend on wood or dung and 1.4 billion people or 20% do not have access to electricity. It is estimated that correcting these deficiencies will require an investment of $36 billion dollars annually through 2030. In growing economies, energy use and economic growth are strongly linked, but energy use generally grows at a lower rate due to increased access to modern fuels and adaptation of modern, more efficient technology. Reducing environmental impacts of increased energy consumption such as global warming or regional emissions will require improved technology, renewable fuels, and CO2 reuse or sequestration. The increase in energy utilization will probably result in increased transportation fuel diversity as fuels are shaped by availability of local resources, world trade, and governmental, environmental, and economic policies. The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the recently emerging trends, but not to suggest winners. This paper will focus on liquid transportation fuels, which provide the highest energy density and best match with existing vehicles and infrastructure. Data is taken from a variety of US, European, and other sources without an attempt to normalize or combine the various data sources. Liquid transportation fuels can be derived from conventional hydrocarbon resources (crude oil), unconventional hydrocarbon resources (oil sands or oil shale), and biological feedstocks through a variety of biochemical or thermo chemical processes, or by converting natural gas or coal to liquids.

Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

An Opportunistic Scheduler To Balance Performance Measures and Energy Consumption in Wireless Networks: Design and Implementation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Opportunistic Scheduler To Balance Performance Measures and Energy Consumption in Wireless scheduler that can balance the energy consumption by an idle system and the performance of motion prediction Chinese University of Hong Kong Shatin, Hong Kong cslui@cse.cuhk.edu.hk Abstract Energy management

Yau, David K Y

124

Non-Blocking, Localized Routing Algorithm for Balanced Energy Consumption in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Non-Blocking, Localized Routing Algorithm for Balanced Energy Consumption in Mobile Ad Hoc relevant nodes but also to balance individual battery levels. Unbalanced energy usage will result achieves a trade-off between balanced energy consumption and shortest routing delay, and at the same time

Lee, Ben

125

THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS Sahar Shafiei, Ruhul A. Salim and Helen Cabalu School of Economics & Finance, Curtin Business the impacts of renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on economic activities to find out whether

126

Secure Distributed Solution for Optimal Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Secure Distributed Solution for Optimal Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid Mohammad: Smart Grid, Energy Consumption Schedule, Privacy. I. INTRODUCTION Energy is critically important varying energy prices, giving incentive for using energy at off-peak hours. Smart grids provide innovative

Shehab, Mohamed

127

Strip, Bind, and Search: A Method for Identifying Abnormal Energy Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

towards reducing the building's en- ergy consumption is to prevent electricity waste due to the improperStrip, Bind, and Search: A Method for Identifying Abnormal Energy Consumption in Buildings Romain, operators are relying more on historical data pro- cessing to uncover opportunities for energy-savings. How

California at Berkeley, University of

128

Trends in energy use in commercial buildings -- Sixteen years of EIA's commercial buildings energy consumption survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects basic statistical information on energy consumption and energy-related characteristics of commercial buildings in the US. The first CBECS was conducted in 1979 and the most recent was completed in 1995. Over that period, the number of commercial bindings and total amount of floorspace increased, total consumption remained flat, and total energy intensity declined. By 1995, there were 4.6 million commercial buildings and 58.8 billion square feet of floorspace. The buildings consumed a total of 5.3 quadrillion Btu (site energy), with a total intensity of 90.5 thousand Btu per square foot per year. Electricity consumption exceeded natural gas consumption (2.6 quadrillion and 1.9 quadrillion Btu, respectively). In 1995, the two major users of energy were space heating (1.7 quadrillion Btu) and lighting (1.2 quadrillion Btu). Over the period 1979 to 1995, natural gas intensity declined from 71.4 thousand to 51.0 thousand Btu per square foot per year. Electricity intensity did not show a similar decline (44.2 thousand Btu per square foot in 1979 and 45.7 thousand Btu per square foot in 1995). Two types of commercial buildings, office buildings and mercantile and service buildings, were the largest consumers of energy in 1995 (2.0 quadrillion Btu, 38% of total consumption). Three building types, health care, food service, and food sales, had significantly higher energy intensities. Buildings constructed since 1970 accounted for half of total consumption and a majority (59%) of total electricity consumption.

Davis, J.; Swenson, A.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Energy Consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks is a fundamental issue in terms of functionality and network lifetime. Minimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Energy Consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks is a fundamental issue in terms of functionality and network lifetime. Minimization of energy consumption by applying optimization techniques setup. Application driven profiling of energy consumption at the node level is a useful tool for optimal

Vouyioukas, Demosthenes

130

Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael SchaalNovember 26, 2008Product:7.1Energy ConsumptionTrends

131

Implementation of Simple Measures for Savings Water and Energy Consumption in Kuwait Government Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper gives in details the efforts made by the Public Services Department (PSD) to reduce water and energy consumptions in the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour's (MOSAL) buildings in Kuwait. PSD manages around 125 buildings distributed...

Albaharani, H.; Al-Mulla, A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Analysis of the Effects of the Application of Solar Water Heater in Building Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the development of the economy, civilian construction in the Changjiang River delta region is rapidly expanding. The boom in the construction industry definitely results in that the proportion of building energy consumption to whole energy...

Wang, J.; Li, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Investigation and Analysis of Summer Energy Consumption of Energy Efficient Residential Buildings in Xi'an  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tests and questionnaire surveys on the summer energy consumption structure of 100 energy efficient residential buildings have been performed in a certain residential district in Xi'an, China. The relationship between the formation of the energy...

Ma, B.; Yan, Z.; Gui, Z.; He, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Research on the Statistical Method of Energy Consumption for Public Buildings in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this research is to develop a national statistical system for energy consumption data for public buildings in China, in order to provide data support for building energy efficiency work. The framework for a national statistical system...

Chen, S.; Li, N.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Nonlinear coupling between cerebral blood flow, oxygen consumption, and ATP production in human  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear coupling between cerebral blood flow, oxygen consumption, and ATP production in human task performance were reported in the early 1980s, using 15 O positron emission tomography (PET) (3, 4

Duong, Timothy Q.

136

Comparative analysis of energy consumption trends in cohousing and alternate housing arrangements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The sizes of both single-family and multifamily homes have grown steadily in the United States over the last fifty years. During this time, despite more efficient production processes, energy consumption in the country ...

Brown, Jason R. (Jason Robert), 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Household operational energy consumption in urban China : a multilevel analysis on Jinan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With decades of economic growth and socio-economic transformation, China's residential sector has seen rapid expansion in energy consumption, and is now the second largest energy consuming sector in the country. Faced with ...

Wang, Dong, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Enforcing boundaries : globalization, state power and the geography of cross- border consumption in Tijuana, Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bueno Para Pensar”: Thinking Consumption in the U.S. -Mexico97 Chapter 2. Mexico in Tijuana. the Imagined Community andInstitutions and Networks of Mexico’s Imagined Community:

Muriŕ Tuńón, Magalí

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Energy Consumption Simulation and Analysis of Heat Pump Air Conditioning System in Wuhan by the BIN Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to simulate the annual energy consumption of groundwater heat pump systems (GWHPS) for an office building in Wuhan. Its annual energy consumption was obtained and compared with the partner of the air source heat pump systems (ASHPS). The results show...

Wen, Y.; Zhao, F.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Minimizing energy consumption for handheld computers in Moby Dick Paul J.M. Havinga, Gerard J.M. Smit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimizing energy consumption for handheld computers in Moby Dick Paul J.M. Havinga, Gerard J to reduce energy consumption for mobile comput- ers. We use extra dedicated low-power modules to cut's battery resources much effort is put in reducing energy consumption in this part. We use intelligent

Havinga, Paul J.M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Effect of daylighting on energy consumption and daylight quality in an existing elementary school  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF DAYLIGHTING ON ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND DAYLIGHT QUALITY IN AN EXISTING ELEMENTARY SCHOOL A Thesis by UMESH VINAYAK ATRE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2005 Major Subject: Architecture EFFECT OF DAYLIGHTING ON ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND DAYLIGHT QUALITY IN AN EXISTING ELEMENTARY SCHOOL A...

Atre, Umesh Vinayak

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

142

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LPG is a major energy source, while coal and electricity areoil coal Figure 14 Residential Primary Energy Consumption bytotal primary energy supply in 2000, coal will drop to about

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Conservation Evaluation of a Commercial Building in Shanghai  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper presents a model of a commercial building in Shanghai with energy simulation software, and after calibration, the energy consumption of this building is calculated. On the basis of the simulation and calculation, a series of energy saving...

Chen, C.; Pan, Y.; Huang, Z.; Wu, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

OPTIMIZATION OF SUGAR CONSUMPTION IN THE FERMENTATION OF TEMULOSE FOR ETHANOL PRODUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. mobilis and C. shehatae were performed in triplicate for unamended, pH adjusted, and yeast extract amended Temulose at a sugar concentration of 20%. Fermentations with unamended Temulose showed little or no sugar consumption whatsoever, although the high...

Michalka, Jacquelyn

2007-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

145

Scenario analysis of retrofit strategies for reducing energy consumption in Norwegian office buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model buildings were created for simulation to describe typical office buildings from different construction periods. A simulation program was written to predict the annual energy consumption of the buildings in their ...

Engblom, Lisa A. (Lisa Allison)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Response of global soil consumption of atmospheric methane to changes in atmospheric climate and nitrogen deposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soil consumption of atmospheric methane plays an important secondary role in regulating the atmospheric CH4 budget, next to the dominant loss mechanism involving reaction with the hydroxyl radical (OH). Here we used a ...

Zhuang, Qianlai

147

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on biomass for rural energy consumption as discussed aboverural China, total rural primary energy use is only 1.84EJ,Biomass is the major energy in rural areas. For lighting, an

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Minimizing Energy Consumption in a Water Distribution System: A Systems Modeling Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a water distribution system from groundwater supply, the bulk of energy consumption is expended at pump stations. These pumps pressurize the water and transport it from the aquifer to the distribution system and to elevated storage tanks. Each...

Johnston, John

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

149

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2001). "Residential Energy Consumption Survey." 2006, fromCommercial Building Energy Consumption Survey." from http://Total Building Energy Consumption (Trillion BTU/yr) Area,

Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the fraction of total energy consumption attributable toFraction of Total Energy Consumption Background Although thewindow fraction of total energy consumption. We believe that

Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2001). "Residential Energy Consumption Survey." 2006, fromCommercial Building Energy Consumption Survey." from http://Scale window-related energy consumption to account for new

Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

comparison o f energy consumption i n housing (1998) (Trends i n household energy consumption (Jyukankyo Research4) Average (N=2976) Energy consumption [GJ / household-year

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

end-use Residential primary energy consumption was 6.6 EJ inof primary energy. Primary energy consumption includes final14 Residential Primary Energy Consumption by Fuel (with

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

liters Figure 7 Primary Energy Consumption (EJ) Refrigeratorby Efficiency Class Primary Energy Consumption (EJ) Figure 8by Fuel Figure 1 Primary Energy Consumption by End-use)

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

OXYGEN CONSUMPTION OF NORMAL AND GREEN OYSTERS 1 PAUL S. GALTSOFF, Ph. D., In Charge, Oyster Fishery Investigations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OXYGEN CONSUMPTION OF NORMAL AND GREEN OYSTERS 1 $ By PAUL S. GALTSOFF, Ph. D., In Charge, Oyster _ ~ethod _ Oxygen consumption of normal oyster _ Effect of oxygen tension on oxygen con- sumption _ Page 489 Increased rate of metabolism _ 490 Experiments with green oysters _ 493 Oxygen consumption

156

MEW Efforts in Reducing Electricity and Water Consumption in Government and Private Sectors in Kuwait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Engineers, membership No. 1715. MEW EFFORTS IN REDUCING ELECTRICITY AND WATER CONSUMPTION IN GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SECTORS IN KUWAIT Eng. Iqbal Al-Tayar Manager ? Technical Supervision Department Planning and Training Sector Ministry... of Electricity & Water (MEW) - Kuwait Historical Background - Electricity ? In 1913, the first electric machine was installed in Kuwait to operate 400 lambs for Al-Saif Palace. ? In 1934, two electric generators were installed with a total capacity of 60 k...

Al-Tayar, I.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Modeling energy consumption of residential furnaces and boilers in U.S. homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2001, DOE initiated a rulemaking process to consider whether to amend the existing energy efficiency standards for furnaces and boilers. A key factor in DOE's consideration of new standards is their cost-effectiveness to consumers. Determining cost-effectiveness requires an appropriate comparison of the additional first cost of energy efficiency design options with the savings in operating costs. This report describes calculation of equipment energy consumption (fuel and electricity) based on estimated conditions in a sample of homes that are representative of expected furnace and boiler installations. To represent actual houses with furnaces and boilers in the United States, we used a set of houses from the Residential Energy Consumption Survey of 1997 conducted by the Energy Information Administration. Our calculation methodology estimates the energy consumption of alternative (more-efficient) furnaces, if they were to be used in each house in place of the existing equipment. We developed the method of calculation described in this report for non-weatherized gas furnaces. We generalized the energy consumption calculation for this product class to the other furnace product classes. Fuel consumption calculations for boilers are similar to those for the other furnace product classes. The electricity calculations for boilers are simpler than for furnaces, because boilers do not provide thermal distribution for space cooling as furnaces often do.

Lutz, James; Dunham-Whitehead, Camilla; Lekov, Alex; McMahon, James

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While China's 11th Five Year Plan called for a reduction of energy intensity by 2010, whether and how the energy consumption trend can be changed in a short time has been hotly debated. This research intends to evaluate the impact of a variety of scenarios of GDP growth, energy elasticity and energy efficiency improvement on energy consumption in commercial buildings in China using a detailed China End-use Energy Model. China's official energy statistics have limited information on energy demand by end use. This is a particularly pertinent issue for building energy consumption. The authors have applied reasoned judgments, based on experience of working on Chinese efficiency standards and energy related programs, to present a realistic interpretation of the current energy data. The bottom-up approach allows detailed consideration of end use intensity, equipment efficiency, etc., thus facilitating assessment of potential impacts of specific policy and technology changes on building energy use. The results suggest that: (1) commercial energy consumption in China's current statistics is underestimated by about 44%, and the fuel mix is misleading; (2) energy efficiency improvements will not be sufficient to offset the strong increase in end-use penetration and intensity in commercial buildings; (3) energy intensity (particularly electricity) in commercial buildings will increase; (4) different GDP growth and elasticity scenarios could lead to a wide range of floor area growth trajectories , and therefore, significantly impact energy consumption in commercial buildings.

Zhou, Nan; Lin, Jiang

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Trends in Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

the use of the four major sources and other energy sources (e.g., district chilled water, solar, wood). Energy consumed in commercial buildings is a significant fraction of that...

160

Something to buy paraffin with: an investigation into domestic energy consumption in rural Kenya  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, two government agencies have surveyed energy consumption in Kenya. These two studies yielded conflicting results, necessitating that a third, more carefully conducted survey be used as the basis for this study. The survey instrument used was designed by the author and included questions regarding the types and quantities of fuels used, income information, and demographic data; 572 households were surveyed. The results are first aggregated by ecological zone and compared with the responses of the same households from the 1979 energy survey. Two findings emerge. First, wood consumption is lower in the high and medium potential lands. Fuelwood scarcity appears to be caused by high population density, not low ecological potential. Second, consumption of fuelwood and paraffin (i.e., kerosene) has decreased significantly over the past two years, due mainly to the increased price of the latter and the increased scarcity of the former. Next, the survey results are analyzed by way of a farm-type classification system which classifies the respondents into five groups: non-surplus farmers, surplus farmers, cash-surplus farmers, cash crop farmers, and wage workers. Finally, the analysis takes a relational perspective relying upon regression analysis. Income serves as a determinant of kerosene consumption, but not of fuelwood consumption.

Hosier, R.H.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential andCommercial Building Stock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a simple spreadsheet-based tool for estimating window-related energy consumption in the United States. Using available data on the properties of the installed US window stock, we estimate that windows are responsible for 2.15 quadrillion Btu (Quads) of heating energy consumption and 1.48 Quads of cooling energy consumption annually. We develop estimates of average U-factor and SHGC for current window sales. We estimate that a complete replacement of the installed window stock with these products would result in energy savings of approximately 1.2 quads. We demonstrate that future window technologies offer energy savings potentials of up to 3.9 Quads.

Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

162

Dynamic Simulation and Analysis of Heating Energy Consumption in a Residential Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In winter, much of the building energy is used for heating in the north region of China. In this study, the heating energy consumption of a residential building in Tianjin during a heating period was simulated by using the EnergyPlus energy...

Liu, J.; Yang, M.; Zhao, X.; Zhu, N.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

DRAM Decay: Using Decay Counters to Reduce Energy Consumption in DRAMs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DRAM Decay: Using Decay Counters to Reduce Energy Consumption in DRAMs Mrinmoy Ghosh Hsien-Hsin S. Lee School of Electrical and Computer Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30332 technology they use. For each refresh in a DRAM row, the stored information in each cell is read out

Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

164

Comfort, Indoor Air Quality, and Energy Consumption in Low Energy Homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the results of an in-depth evaluation of energy consumption and thermal comfort for two potential net zero-energy homes (NZEHs) in Massachusetts, as well as an indoor air quality (IAQ) evaluation performed in conjunction with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL).

Engelmann, P.; Roth, K.; Tiefenbeck, V.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

WATER USE IN LCA Life cycle consumptive water use for oil shale development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WATER USE IN LCA Life cycle consumptive water use for oil shale development and implications Heidelberg 2013 Abstract Purpose Oil shale is an unconventional petroleum source that can be produced domestically in the USA. Oil shale resources are primarily located in Utah, Wyoming, and Colorado, within

Jaramillo, Paulina

166

Fact #838: September 15, 2014 Net Imports of Petroleum were Only 33% of U.S. Consumption in 2013- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #838: Net Imports of Petroleum were Only 33% of U.S. Consumption in 2013

167

Distributed Energy Consumption Control via Real-Time Pricing Feedback in Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on game- theoretic energy consumption scheduling for theK }). We denote the energy consumption of consumers as l kwhere l i k is the energy consumption of consumer i (i ? N )

Ma, Kai; Hu, Guoqiang; Spanos, Costas J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

window related primary energy consumption of the US building= 1.056 EJ. “Primary” energy consumption includes a site-to-the amount of primary energy consumption required by space

Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

e d u c i n g Primary Energy Consumption and C O 2 emissionssystem can reduce primary energy consumption by about 22system can reduce primary energy consumption by about 26

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Minimum Energy Consumption in Multicomponent Distillation. 3. More Than Three Products and Generalized Petlyuk Arrangements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimum Energy Consumption in Multicomponent Distillation. 3. More Than Three Products-component feed into M products has been derived. Interestingly, the minimum-energy solution in a complex solution of minimum energy for distillation of a multicomponent feed into multiple products has not been

Skogestad, Sigurd

171

Hypolimnetic oxygen consumption by sediment-based reduced substances in former eutrophic lakes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hypolimnetic oxygen consumption by sediment-based reduced substances in former eutrophic lakes) in two formerly eutrophic lakes based on 20 yr of water-column data collected during oligotrophication, including the eutrophic past, accounted for , 15% of AHM. This ``old'' contribution corresponds to a 20

Wehrli, Bernhard

172

Models for Optimization of Energy Consumption of Pumps in a Wastewater Processing Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Models for Optimization of Energy Consumption of Pumps in a Wastewater Processing Plant Zijun Zhang in the wastewater preliminary treatment process is discussed. Data- mining algorithms are utilized to develop pump performance models based on industrial data collected at a municipal wastewater processing plant

Kusiak, Andrew

173

MODELICA LIBRARY FOR SIMULATING ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF AUXILIARY UNITS IN HEAVY VEHICLES1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODELICA LIBRARY FOR SIMULATING ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF AUXILIARY UNITS IN HEAVY VEHICLES1 Niklas, a model library is developed in the modelling language Modelica. The library contains a mixture of models library are presented. The Modelica language is used to build models with a modular structure. Figure 1

Johansson, Karl Henrik

174

Developing a tool to estimate water withdrawal and consumption in electricity generation in the United States.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Freshwater consumption for electricity generation is projected to increase dramatically in the next couple of decades in the United States. The increased demand is likely to further strain freshwater resources in regions where water has already become scarce. Meanwhile, the automotive industry has stepped up its research, development, and deployment efforts on electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Large-scale, escalated production of EVs and PHEVs nationwide would require increased electricity production, and so meeting the water demand becomes an even greater challenge. The goal of this study is to provide a baseline assessment of freshwater use in electricity generation in the United States and at the state level. Freshwater withdrawal and consumption requirements for power generated from fossil, nonfossil, and renewable sources via various technologies and by use of different cooling systems are examined. A data inventory has been developed that compiles data from government statistics, reports, and literature issued by major research institutes. A spreadsheet-based model has been developed to conduct the estimates by means of a transparent and interactive process. The model further allows us to project future water withdrawal and consumption in electricity production under the forecasted increases in demand. This tool is intended to provide decision makers with the means to make a quick comparison among various fuel, technology, and cooling system options. The model output can be used to address water resource sustainability when considering new projects or expansion of existing plants.

Wu, M.; Peng, J. (Energy Systems); ( NE)

2011-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

175

Potential impact of doubling atmospheric carbon dioxide on energy consumption in the US  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper uses models of monthly electricity and natural gas per capita demand to forecast the effects of a global warming scenario. An extensive study of energy consumption sensitivity to climate in eight of the most energy intensive states of the US is briefly summarized. Models of statewide monthly per capita electricity consumption as a function of cooling degree days, heating degree days, enthalpy latent days and wind speed were developed. Similar models were developed for natural gas using temperature as the only independent variable. Population weighted statewide monthly cooling and heating degree days were calculated using the base climatic year and the general circulation model (GCM) predictions for California, Texas, New York, and Illinois. The expected changes were clearly dependent on the model chosen for the global warming forecast. The effects of the predicted changes in cooling degree days and heating degree days generated the typical saddle shape of the estimated changes in per capita electricity use. This is attributed to shifts from predominant heating requirements to predominant cooling requirements in certain months. The shape of the climatically induced decrease in natural gas consumption was expected and also highly dependent on the GCM chosen. It appears that per capita energy consumption could be affected significantly under global warming. Since heating and cooling are provided by different energy sources, there could be significant consequences for energy delivery systems. 8 refs., 2 figs.

Munoz, J.R.; Sailor, D.J. [Tulane Univ., New Orleans, LA (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

PSM-throttling: Minimizing Energy Consumption for Bulk Data Communications in WLANs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effectively explore the power saving potential by considering the bandwidth throttling on streaming saving mode (PSM) and its enhancements can reduce power consumption by putting the wireless network. In this paper, instead of further manipulating the trade-off between the power saving and the incurred delay, we

Chen, Songqing

177

Simulation and Analysis of Energy Consumption of Public Building in Chongquig  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calculation and analysis of energy consumption must be on the base of simulation of building load. DeST is adopted to calculate dynamic cooling load of the main building in Chongqing city. Then water chilling unit's plant capability is checked...

Chen, G.; Lu, J.; Chen, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Tackling the Load Uncertainty Challenges for Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

payment for each user. Unlike most existing demand side management algorithms that assume perfect-to-average ratio of the aggregate load demand. Keywords: Demand side management, energy consumption con- trol, cost-time residential load management algorithm that takes into account load uncertainty in order to minimize the energy

Wong, Vincent

179

THE EFFECTS OF COUNTERFEIT ON LUXURY BRAND BUYING BEHAVIOR, IN TERMS OF CONSUMPTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and exclusive brand image of their products, all the while limiting accessibility. It is paradoxicalTHE EFFECTS OF COUNTERFEIT ON LUXURY BRAND BUYING BEHAVIOR, IN TERMS OF CONSUMPTION EXPERIENCE COLLOQUIUM MARKETING TRENDS PARIS, JANUARY 20-22 2011 THE EFFECTS OF COUNTERFEIT ON LUXURY BRAND BUYING

Boyer, Edmond

180

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et al. (2005). Renewable energy policies and markets in theefficiency and renewable energy policy in the state. Inand Renewable Energy Technology and Policy. Washington,

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Biofuels in South Africa : factors influencing production and consumption.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Interest in the biofuels industry in South Africa is driven largely by high oil prices and a strain on energy resources and logistics. This… (more)

Chambers, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Process in the Adoption of Solar Energy Systems." Journal ofthe diffusion of innovation: Solar energy technology in Sri2010. Washington, DC, Solar Energy Industries Association:

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Reducing energy consumption and pollution in plastic manufacturing processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is to understand the phase behavior of ethylene copolymers in compressible fluid streams, such as copolymer solutions in supercritical and near critical fluids.

Radosz, Maciej

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Operational energy consumption and GHG emissions in residential sector in urban China : an empirical study in Jinan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Driven by rapid urbanization and increasing household incomes, residential energy consumption in urban China has been growing steadily in the past decade, posing critical energy and greenhouse gas emission challenges. ...

Zhang, Jiyang, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

What Goes Up: Recent Trends in China's Energy Consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1996, China's energy output has dropped by 17%, while primary energy use has fallen by 4%, driven almost entirely by shrinking output from coal mines and declining direct use. Since China is the world's second-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, it is important to understand the sources of this apparent transformation, and whether it portends a permanent change in patterns of energy use. This remarkable reversal of the long-term expansion of energy use has occurred even as the economy has continued to grow, albeit more slowly than in the early 1990s. Generation of electric power has risen, implying a steep fall in end uses, particularly in industry. Available information points to a variety of forces contributing to this phenomenon, including rapid improvements in coal quality, structural changes in industry, shutdowns of factories in both the state-owned and non-state segments of the economy, improvements in end-use efficiency, and greater use of gas and electricity in households. A combination of slowing economic growth, industrial restructuring, broader economic system reforms, and environmental and energy-efficiency policies has apparently led to at least a temporary decline in, and perhaps a long-term reduction in the growth of energy use, and therefore greenhouse gas emissions.

Sinton, Jonathan E.; Fridley, David G.

2000-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

186

Increasing the Consumption of Whole Grain Foods in School Meals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nutritious meals in their cafeterias, while maintaining customer acceptance of the foods. Whether or not students consume whole grains determines if these foods are served again. Input from participants determined which whole grain were foods tested...

Warren, Cynthia Ann

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

187

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar electric capacity on new homes, and to have solar electric systems on 50% of all new homes built in Californiasolar capacity installed; capacity more than quadrupled to 746 MW by the end of 2010 (CPUC 2011). California

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Energy-consumption modelling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A highly sophisticated and accurate approach is described to compute on an hourly or daily basis the energy consumption for space heating by individual buildings, urban sectors, and whole cities. The need for models and specifically weather-sensitive models, composite models, and space-heating models are discussed. Development of the Colorado State University Model, based on heat-transfer equations and on a heuristic, adaptive, self-organizing computation learning approach, is described. Results of modeling energy consumption by the city of Minneapolis and Cheyenne are given. Some data on energy consumption in individual buildings are included.

Reiter, E.R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

METHODOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS IN IMPUTATION, FOOD CONSUMPTION AND OBESITY RESEARCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of foods obtained from either Full or Quick service restaurants for Snack 0.01 0.02 0 0.24 ExerciseHist Equals 1 if the respondent exercised for more than 4 months 0.77 0.42 0 1 Age Age in years 49.68 15.84 20 92 PIR... of the explanatory variables. As exhibited in Table 2.3, the test results show that at the 0.01 level, the J statistic is less than the critical value for all four models, indicating that J statistic is insignificant. To proceed to stage 2, we need to find...

Kyureghian, Gayaneh

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

190

Physics studies of higher actinide consumption in an LMR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The core physics aspects of the transuranic burning potential of the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) are assessed. The actinide behavior in fissile self-sufficient IFR closed cycles of 1200 MWt size is characterized, and the transuranic isotopics and risk potential of the working inventory are compared to those from a once-through LWR. The core neutronic performance effects of rare-earth impurities present in the recycled fuel are addressed. Fuel cycle strategies for burning transuranics from an external source are discussed, and specialized actinide burner designs are described. 4 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Hill, R.N.; Wade, D.C.; Fujita, E.K.; Khalil, H.S.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Antibiotic Consumption in Children Prior to Diagnosis of Asthma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Callo SK: Pediatric asthma surveillance using Medicaid claims. Public Health Rep 2005, 120:515-24. 34. Thier SL, Yu-Isenberg KS, Leas BF, Cantrell CR, DeBussey S, Goldfarb NI, Nash DB: In chronic disease, nationwide data show poor adherence by patients...

Marra, Fawziah; Marra, Carlo A; Richardson, Kathryn J; Lynd, Larry D; Fitzgerald, J Mark

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

192

Optimization to reduce fuel consumption in charge depleting mode  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A powertrain includes an internal combustion engine, a motor utilizing electrical energy from an energy storage device, and a plug-in connection. A Method for controlling the powertrain includes monitoring a fuel cut mode, ceasing a fuel flow to the engine based upon the fuel cut mode, and through a period of operation including acceleration of the powertrain, providing an entirety of propelling torque to the powertrain with the electrical energy from the energy storage device based upon the fuel cut mode.

Roos, Bryan Nathaniel; Martini, Ryan D.

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

193

This paper introduces a methodology for estimation of energy consumption in peripherals such as audio and video devices.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT This paper introduces a methodology for estimation of energy consumption in peripherals such as audio and video devices. Peripherals can be responsible for significant amount of the energy consumption in current embedded systems. We introduce a cycle- accurate energy simulator and profiler capable

Simunic, Tajana

194

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a forecast for total energy consumption in network standbyconsiderable impact on total energy consumption from TVs.factors affecting total energy consumption. Although further

Park, Won Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Modelling the impact of user behaviour on heat energy consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

strategies impact on energy consumption in residentialBEHAVIOUR ON HEAT ENERGY CONSUMPTION Nicola Combe 1 ,2 ,nearly 60% of domestic energy consumption and 27% of total

Combe, Nicola Miss; Harrison, David Professor; Way, Celia Miss

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Low Power Mode Energy Consumption”, Energy Efficiency inEnergy Consumption ..26 3.1.3. 3D TV Energy Consumption and Efficiency

Park, Won Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Energy Consumption Measuring and Diagnostic Analysis of Air-conditioning Water System in a Hotel Building in Harbin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper introduces an air-conditioning water system in a hotel building in Harbin, finishes its air-conditioning energy consumption measurement in summer conditions, and presents an estimation index of performance of chiller, pump and motor...

Zhao, T.; Zhang, J.; Li, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

creasing Hg2 concentration. After correcting for the initial shift caused by the new environment,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- tical density 9 4). The HgCl2 was still detected through these highly absorptive media (Fig. 3D-SWNTs and inserted into whole blood and muscle tissue. The complex was added directly to a black dye solution (op). The near-IR fluorescence of DNA-SWNTs in the dye solution exhibited the same response as SWNTs in pure

Garzione, Carmala N.

199

A new "In-Use Energy consumption" indicator for the design of energy efficient electr(on)ics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new "In-Use Energy consumption" indicator for the design of energy efficient electr(on)ics Lucie(on)ic equipment is proposed for illustration purposes. Keywords: Energy efficiency; energy consumption; electric version received 23 February 2011) One of the challenging environmental issues faced by the electr

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

200

Minimization of energy consumption in HVAC systems with data-driven models and an interior-point method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimization of energy consumption in HVAC systems with data-driven models and an interior online 13 June 2014 Keywords: HVAC Interior-point method Internal heat gain Multilayer perceptron-driven approach is applied to minimize energy consumption of a heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC

Kusiak, Andrew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Data Visualization for Quality-Check Purposes of Monitored Electricity Consumption in All Office Buildings in the ESL Database  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report comprises an effort to visualize the monitored electricity consumption in all office buildings (not including the office buildings comprising other functions as classrooms and laboratories, for instance) in the ESL database. This data...

Sreshthaputra, A.; Abushakra, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Low-Energy Astrophysics: Stimulating the Reduction of Energy Consumption in the Next Decade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we address the consumption of energy by astronomers while performing their professional duties. Although we find that astronomy uses a negligible fraction of the US energy budget, the rate at which energy is consumed by an average astronomer is similar to that of a typical high-flying businessperson. We review some of the ways in which astronomers are already acting to reduce their energy consumption. In the coming decades, all citizens will have to reduce their energy consumption to conserve fossil fuel reserves and to help avert a potentially catastrophic change in the Earth's climate. The challenges are the same for astronomers as they are for everyone: decreasing the distances we travel and investing in energy-efficient infrastructure. The high profile of astronomy in the media, and the great public interest in our field, can play a role in promoting energy-awareness to the wider population. Our specific recommendations are therefore to 1) reduce travel when possible, through efficient meeti...

Marshall, P J; Rykoff, E S; Shen, K J; Steinfadt, J D R; Fregeau, J; Chary, R-R; Sheth, K; Weiner, B; Henisey, K B; Quetin, E L; Antonucci, R; Kaplan, D; Jonsson, P; Auger, M W; Cardamone, C; Tao, T; Holz, D E; Bradac, M; Metcalfe, T S; McHugh, S; Elvis, M; Brewer, B J; Urrutia, T; Guo, F; Hovest, W; Nakajima, R; For, B -Q; Erb, D; Paneque, D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Water value in power generation: Experts distinguish water use and consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Winter 2013 tx H2O 11 ] Story by Danielle Kalisek In Grimes County, the sun sets over Gibbons Creek Reservoir, the cooling water supply for an adjacent power plant. Photo by Leslie Lee. WATER VALUE IN POWER GENERATION Experts distinguish... water use and consumption Having enough water available for municipal and agricultural needs is o#23;en discussed; however, having the water needed to generate electric power and the electricity needed to treat and transport water is a struggle all...

Kalisek, D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

One of These Homes is Not Like the Other: Residential Energy Consumption Variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption. Total energy consumption (in thousand BTUs) waselectricity and total energy consumption. Because all homesin gas, electric, and total energy consumption. Removing

Kelsven, Phillip

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Effect of Water Education on Reducing Residential Consumption in San Antonio, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cities in the southwest found that nearly 60% percent of water was used outdoors.(Mayer 1999). Municipal water conservation programs focus on reducing residential, commercial and industrial consumption. Residential water conservation relies on five... of week limitations; (4) rebate programs encouraging a change of landscape material to drought tolerant native landscapes and (5) water pricing. San Antonio has employed all five conservation strategies. Currently, the San Antonio Water System (SAWS...

Rice, Jeremy Joseph

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

206

Synthesis of Seafood Catch, Distribution, and Consumption Patterns in the Gulf of Mexico Region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this task was to gather and assemble information that will provide a synthesis of seafood catch, distribution and consumption patterns for the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) region. This task was part of a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-sponsored project entitled ''Environmental and Economic Assessment of Discharges from Gulf of Mexico Region Oil and Gas Operations.'' Personal interviews were conducted with a total of 905 recreational fishermen and 218 commercial fishermen (inclusive of shrimpers, crabbers, oystermen and finfishermen) in Louisiana and Texas using survey questionnaires developed for the study. Results of these interviews detail the species and quantities caught, location of catch, mode of fishing, distribution of catch, family consumption patterns and demographics of the fishermen.

Steimle and Associates, Inc.

1999-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

207

Energy Consumption Status of Public Buildings and the Analysis of the Potential on Energy Efficiency in Xiamen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the survey on the preset and applied situation of the central air conditioning systems in public buildings in Xiamen, this paper analyzes the status of energy consumption, and indicates the irrational aspects of operation and management...

Pei, X.; Zhang, S.; Chen, L.; Zhang, X.; Chen, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reducing energy consumption per unit of GDP by 20% between20% reduction in energy use per unit of GDP by 2010. China'sincrease in energy use per unit of GDP after 2002 following

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

International Journal of Chemistry; 2013[02] ISSN 2306-6415 Preservation Ways and Energy Consumption in Oil Refinery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: Preservation increase and energy return is one of the effective tools in saving. Studies show that energy consumption for each productive crude oil barred is dependence on the refinery complicated in reconfiguration of forge. Energy recovery increase in refinery over time that is due to economic factors like consumption fuel increase, it means that return increase is consistent with fuel price. It developed use of crude oil capability, distillation products in modern refinery. Modern refinery recovery dead to 10 to 15 % saving in energy consumption, Modern refinery.can developed energy return in several ways such as: Thermal exchange increase between processes streams, effective hydro exchange in process units, use of heaters with high thermal return and use of gas turbines with preheated air and produce steam of waste thermal. This paper investigates management ways and energy consumption recovery in different parts of oil refinery.

Amir Samimi

210

Estimation of food consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research reported in this document was conducted as a part of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. The objective of the HEDR Project is to estimate the radiation doses that people could have received from operations at the Hanford Site. Information required to estimate these doses includes estimates of the amounts of potentially contaminated foods that individuals in the region consumed during the study period. In that general framework, the objective of the Food Consumption Task was to develop a capability to provide information about the parameters of the distribution(s) of daily food consumption for representative groups in the population for selected years during the study period. This report describes the methods and data used to estimate food consumption and presents the results developed for Phase I of the HEDR Project.

Callaway, J.M. Jr.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Evaluation of Vegetative Roofs' Performance on Energy Consumption in Hot and Humid Climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Building (6) is that it is located in (Florida), whereas the other buildings are located in cold climates (Maryland, New York, and south Texas). In hot climates most of the energy consumption is used for the air-conditioning of the buildings..., whereas in cold climates most of the energy is used for heating the buildings. However, it could be argued that it is more energy consuming to cool a space than to heat it. This is attributed to the fact that there is heat dissipation from light...

Anderson, J.; Azarbayjani, M.

212

Impact of Nighttime Shut Down on the Prediction Accuracy of Monthly Regression Models for Energy Consumption in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regression models of measured energy use in buildings are widely used as baseline models to determine retrofit savings from measured energy consumption. It is less expensive to determine savings from monthly utility bills when they are available...

Wang, J.; Claridge, D. E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Energy notes: Energy in natural processes and human consumption, some numbers H A&S 220c Fall 2004 19x2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy notes: Energy in natural processes and human consumption, some numbers H A&S 220c Fall 2004 consumption rate per capita U.S. 102 Electric razor 101 Energy Content of Fuels (in Joules) Energy Unit Joules person (Note: MWE is an abbreviation for megawatts-electrical output) Global Energy Consumption Global

214

Poster Session--Fuel Consumption During Prescribed Fires in Big Sage--Wright, Ottmar USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-189. 2008. 363  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poster Session--Fuel Consumption During Prescribed Fires in Big Sage--Wright, Ottmar USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-189. 2008. 363 Fuel Consumption During Prescribed Fires in Big Sage Ecosystems1 Clinton S. Wright2 and Roger D. Ottmar2 Introduction Fuel consumption was evaluated for a series

Standiford, Richard B.

215

An analysis of residential energy consumption in a temperate climate. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical energy consumption data have been recorded for several hundred submetered residential structures in Middle Tennessee. All houses were constructed with a common ``energy package.`` Specifically, daily cooling usage data have been collected for 130 houses for the 1985 and 1986 cooling seasons, and monthly heating usage data for 186 houses have been recorded by occupant participation over a seven-year period. Cooling data have been analyzed using an SPSSx multiple regression analysis and results are compared to several cooling models. Heating, base, and total energy usage are also analyzed and regression correlation coefficients are determined as a function of several house parameters.

Clark, Y.Y.; Vincent, W.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Consumptive water use in the production of ethanonl and petroleum gasoline.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The production of energy feedstocks and fuels requires substantial water input. Not only do biofuel feedstocks like corn, switchgrass, and agricultural residues need water for growth and conversion to ethanol, but petroleum feedstocks like crude oil and oil sands also require large volumes of water for drilling, extraction, and conversion into petroleum products. Moreover, in many cases, crude oil production is increasingly water dependent. Competing uses strain available water resources and raise the specter of resource depletion and environmental degradation. Water management has become a key feature of existing projects and a potential issue in new ones. This report examines the growing issue of water use in energy production by characterizing current consumptive water use in liquid fuel production. As used throughout this report, 'consumptive water use' is the sum total of water input less water output that is recycled and reused for the process. The estimate applies to surface and groundwater sources for irrigation but does not include precipitation. Water requirements are evaluated for five fuel pathways: bioethanol from corn, ethanol from cellulosic feedstocks, gasoline from Canadian oil sands, Saudi Arabian crude, and U.S. conventional crude from onshore wells. Regional variations and historic trends are noted, as are opportunities to reduce water use.

Wu, M.; Mintz, M.; Wang, M.; Arora, S.; Energy Systems

2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

217

Optimal consumption in a growth model with the Cobb-Douglas production function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

} be a consumption policies per capita such that ct is progressively measurable w.r.t. the filtration Ft = (Bs, s t), 0 ct 1, 0 t T, (1.3) and we denote by A the class of all consumption policies {ct} per capita. 3 t [0, T], 0 c(t) 1, ctzt/yt = the totality of consumption rate per person, F(z, y) = the Cobb

218

Analyzing the Energy and Power Consumption of Remote Memory Accesses in the OpenSHMEM Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PGAS models like OpenSHMEM provide interfaces to explicitly initiate one-sided remote memory accesses among processes. In addition, the model also provides synchronizing barriers to ensure a consistent view of the distributed memory at different phases of an application. The incorrect use of such interfaces affects the scalability achievable while using a parallel programming model. This study aims at understanding the effects of these constructs on the energy and power consumption behavior of OpenSHMEM applications. Our experiments show that cost incurred in terms of the total energy and power consumed depends on multiple factors across the software and hardware stack. We conclude that there is a significant impact on the power consumed by the CPU and DRAM due to multiple factors including the design of the data transfer patterns within an application, the design of the communication protocols within a middleware, the architectural constraints laid by the interconnect solutions, and also the levels of memory hierarchy within a compute node. This work motivates treating energy and power consumption as important factors while designing compute solutions for current and future distributed systems.

Jana, Siddhartha [University of Houston, Houston] [University of Houston, Houston; Hernandez, Oscar R [ORNL] [ORNL; Poole, Stephen W [ORNL] [ORNL; Hsu, Chung-Hsing [ORNL] [ORNL; Chapman, Barbara [University of Houston, Houston] [University of Houston, Houston

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

& CONSUMPTION US HYDROPOWER PRODUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION US HYDROPOWER PRODUCTION In the United States hydropower supplies 12% of the nation's electricity. Hydropower produces more than 90,000 megawatts of electricity, which is enough to meet the needs of 28.3 million consumers. Hydropower accounts for over 90% of all electricity

220

Transportation Energy Futures: Combining Strategies for Deep Reductions in Energy Consumption and GHG Emissions (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet summarizes actions in the areas of light-duty vehicle, non-light-duty vehicle, fuel, and transportation demand that show promise for deep reductions in energy use. Energy efficient transportation strategies have the potential to simultaneously reduce oil consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The Transportation Energy Futures (TEF) project examined how the combination of multiple strategies could achieve deep reductions in GHG emissions and petroleum use on the order of 80%. Led by NREL, in collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory, the project's primary goal was to help inform domestic decisions about transportation energy strategies, priorities, and investments, with an emphasis on underexplored opportunities. TEF findings reveal three strategies with the potential to displace most transportation-related petroleum use and GHG emissions: 1) Stabilizing energy use in the transportation sector through efficiency and demand-side approaches. 2) Using additional advanced biofuels. 3) Expanding electric drivetrain technologies.

Not Available

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Exceeding Energy Consumption Design Expectations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) the building consumed 208.7 kWh m-2 yr-1, 83% of the expected energy consumption (250 kWh m-2 yr-1). This dropped further to 176.1 kWh m-2 yr-1 in 2012 (70% below expected). Factors affecting building energy consumption have been discussed and appraised...

Castleton, H. F.; Beck, S. B. M.; Hathwat, E. A.; Murphy, E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China's rapid economic expansion has propelled it to the rank of the largest energy consuming nation in the world, with energy demand growth continuing at a pace commensurate with its economic growth. The urban population is expected to grow by 20 million every year, accompanied by construction of 2 billion square meters of buildings every year through 2020. Thus residential energy use is very likely to continue its very rapid growth. Understanding the underlying drivers of this growth helps to identify the key areas to analyze energy efficiency potential, appropriate policies to reduce energy use, as well as to understand future energy in the building sector. This paper provides a detailed, bottom-up analysis of residential building energy consumption in China using data from a wide variety of sources and a modelling effort that relies on a very detailed characterization of China's energy demand. It assesses the current energy situation with consideration of end use, intensity, and efficiency etc, and forecast the future outlook for the critical period extending to 2020, based on assumptions of likely patterns of economic activity, availability of energy services, technology improvement and energy intensities. From this analysis, we can conclude that Chinese residential energy consumption will more than double by 2020, from 6.6 EJ in 2000 to 15.9 EJ in 2020. This increase will be driven primarily by urbanization, in combination with increases in living standards. In the urban and higher income Chinese households of the future, most major appliances will be common, and heated and cooled areas will grow on average. These shifts will offset the relatively modest efficiency gains expected according to current government plans and policies already in place. Therefore, levelling and reduction of growth in residential energy demand in China will require a new set of more aggressive efficiency policies.

Zhou, Nan; McNeil, Michael A.; Levine, Mark

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Money versus Time: Evaluation of Flow Control in Terms of Energy Consumption and Convenience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flow control with the goal of reducing the skin friction drag on the fluid-solid interface is an active fundamental research area, motivated by its potential for significant energy savings and reduced emissions in the transport sector. Customarily, the performance of drag reduction techniques in internal flows is evaluated under two alternative flow conditions, i.e. at constant mass flow rate or constant pressure gradient. Successful control leads to reduction of drag and pumping power within the former approach, whereas the latter leads to an increase of the mass flow rate and pumping power. In practical applications, however, money and time define the flow control challenge: a compromise between the energy expenditure (money) and the corresponding convenience (flow rate) achieved with that amount of energy has to be reached so as to accomplish a goal which in general depends on the specific application. Based on this idea, we derive two dimensionless parameters which quantify the total energy consumption an...

Frohnapfel, Bettina; Quadrio, Maurizio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

The Consumption Benefits of Investment In Urban Infastructure: The Evaluation of Sites and Services Programs in Underdeveloped Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mimeo, 1979. Quigley, John M. "The Consumption BenefitsDaniel Kaufmann and John M. Quigley. "The ConsumptionDan Durning and John M. Quigley. "On the Distributional

Kaufmann, Daniel; Quigley, John M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Environmental Tradeoffs in a Desert City: An Investigation of Water Use, Energy Consumption, and Local Air Temperature in Phoenix, AZ  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Tradeoffs in a Desert City: An Investigation of Water Use, Energy Consumption Area This study examined 16 Census Block Groups (2000) within the City of Phoenix to investigate are critical for long-term urban planning. Figure 2: Study Area: 16 Census Block Groups within City of Phoenix

Hall, Sharon J.

226

System and method for controlling power consumption in a computer system based on user satisfaction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Systems and methods for controlling power consumption in a computer system. For each of a plurality of interactive applications, the method changes a frequency at which a processor of the computer system runs, receives an indication of user satisfaction, determines a relationship between the changed frequency and the user satisfaction of the interactive application, and stores the determined relationship information. The determined relationship can distinguish between different users and different interactive applications. A frequency may be selected from the discrete frequencies at which the processor of the computer system runs based on the determined relationship information for a particular user and a particular interactive application running on the processor of the computer system. The processor may be adapted to run at the selected frequency.

Yang, Lei; Dick, Robert P; Chen, Xi; Memik, Gokhan; Dinda, Peter A; Shy, Alex; Ozisikyilmaz, Berkin; Mallik, Arindam; Choudhary, Alok

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

227

Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distribution system, receiving electrical energy within the appliance from the power distribution system, consuming the received electrical energy using a plurality of loads of the appliance, monitoring electrical energy of the power distribution system, and adjusting an amount of consumption of the received electrical energy via one of the loads of the appliance from an initial level of consumption to an other level of consumption different than the initial level of consumption responsive to the monitoring.

Donnelly, Matthew K. (Kennewick, WA); Chassin, David P. (Pasco, WA); Dagle, Jeffery E. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael (Richland, WA); Winiarski, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Pratt, Robert G. (Kennewick, WA); Boberly-Bartis, Anne Marie (Alexandria, VA)

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

228

Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distribution system, receiving electrical energy within the appliance from the power distribution system, consuming the received electrical energy using a plurality of loads of the appliance, monitoring electrical energy of the power distribution system, and adjusting an amount of consumption of the received electrical energy via one of the loads of the appliance from an initial level of consumption to an other level of consumption different than the initial level of consumption responsive to the monitoring.

Donnelly, Matthew K. (Kennewick, WA); Chassin, David P. (Pasco, WA); Dagle, Jeffery E. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael (Richland, WA); Winiarski, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Pratt, Robert G. (Kennewick, WA); Boberly-Bartis, Anne Marie (Alexandria, VA)

2006-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

229

Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LPG is a major energy source, while coal and electricity arethe total residential energy and coal is the dominant fuel.1 Residential Energy consumption by End-use Coal Renewables

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption, long lifetime on batteries, low sample rates,instead of replying on batteries. At the same time, we arelow power operation on batteries is not required, since the

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Sources and characteristics of oil consumption in a spark-ignition engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(cont.) At low load, oil flowing past by the piston was found to be the major consumption source, while the contributions of oil evaporation and of blowby entrainment became more significant with increasing engine load. ...

Yilmaz, Ertan, 1970-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

more than 21 G J are referred to as "heat supply" businessesunder the Heat Supply Business L a w . The first districtE E R = A n n u a l heat supply/annual energy consumption

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid: A Non-Cooperative Game Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meetings on Demand Response and Smart Grid, pp. 1-21, 2011.Consumption Scheduling for the Future Smart Grid,” IEEETransactions on Smart Grid, vol. 1, pp. 320–331, 2010. N.

Kai, Ma; Guoqiang, Hu; Spanos, Costas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building Heating Loads (Trillion BTU/yr) Total BuildingCooling Loads (Trillion BTU/yr) Non. Wind Infilt SHGC Wind.Energy Consumption (Trillion BTU/yr) Area, Window Window

Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Aeration control in a full-scale activated sludge wastewater treatment plant: impact on performances, energy consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for stratospheric ozone [1]. In biological wastewater treatment, microbial processes such as hydroxylamine oxidationAeration control in a full-scale activated sludge wastewater treatment plant: impact strategy on energy consumption and nitrous oxide (N2O) emission in a full-scale wastewater treatment plant

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

236

State energy data report 1992: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a report of energy consumption by state for the years 1960 to 1992. The report contains summaries of energy consumption for the US and by state, consumption by source, comparisons to other energy use reports, consumption by energy use sector, and describes the estimation methodologies used in the preparation of the report. Some years are not listed specifically although they are included in the summary of data.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Normal muscle oxygen consumption and fatigability in sickle cell patients despite reduced microvascular oxygenation and hemorheological abnormalities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Normal muscle oxygen consumption and fatigability in sickle cell patients despite reduced hypothesized that muscle metabolism and fatigability could be impaired in sickle cell patients, no study has profile at rest between 16 healthy subjects (AA), 20 sickle cell-hemoglobin C disease (SC) patients and 16

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

238

CONSUMPTION OF NATIVE AND NONNATIVE FISHES BY INTRODUCED LARGEMOUTH BASS (MICROPTERUS SALMOIDES) IN THE SAN JUAN RIVER,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSUMPTION OF NATIVE AND NONNATIVE FISHES BY INTRODUCED LARGEMOUTH BASS (MICROPTERUS SALMOIDES native fishes. Introduced largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) in the San Juan River, New Mexico. The disproportional abundance of native fishes in the diet of juvenile largemouth bass suggests greater susceptibility

Gido, Keith B.

239

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Low Power Mode Energy Consumption”, Energy Efficiency inTV Shipments on Energy Consumption.. 22 Figure 3-1.Estimates of Annual Energy Consumption in 3D mode of 3D TVs

Park, Won Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China's rapid economic expansion has propelled it into the ranks of the largest energy consuming nation in the world, with energy demand growth continuing at a pace commensurate with its economic growth. Even though the rapid growth is largely attributable to heavy industry, this in turn is driven by rapid urbanization process, by construction materials and equipment produced for use in buildings. Residential energy is mostly used in urban areas, where rising incomes have allowed acquisition of home appliances, as well as increased use of heating in southern China. The urban population is expected to grow by 20 million every year, accompanied by construction of 2 billion square meters of buildings every year through 2020. Thus residential energy use is very likely to continue its very rapid growth. Understanding the underlying drivers of this growth helps to identify the key areas to analyze energy efficiency potential, appropriate policies to reduce energy use, as well as to understand future energy in the building sector. This paper provides a detailed, bottom-up analysis of residential building energy consumption in China using data from a wide variety of sources and a modeling effort that relies on a very detailed characterization of China's energy demand. It assesses the current energy situation with consideration of end use, intensity, and efficiency etc, and forecast the future outlook for the critical period extending to 2020, based on assumptions of likely patterns of economic activity, availability of energy services, technology improvement and energy intensities.

Zhou, Nan; Nishida, Masaru; Gao, Weijun

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

18 Figure 6 Primary Energy Consumption by End-Use in24 Figure 7 Primary Energy Consumption by Fuel in Commercialbased on total primary energy consumption (source energy),

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

A look at commercial buildings in 1995: Characteristics, energy consumption, and energy expenditures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The commercial sector consists of business establishments and other organizations that provide services. The sector includes service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as a wide range of facilities that would not be considered commercial in a traditional economic sense, such as public schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Nearly all energy use in the commercial sector takes place in, or is associated with, the buildings that house these commercial activities. Analysis of the structures, activities, and equipment associated with different types of buildings is the clearest way to evaluate commercial sector energy use. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is a national-level sample survey of commercial buildings and their energy suppliers conducted quadrennially (previously triennially) by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The target population for the 1995 CBECS consisted of all commercial buildings in the US with more than 1,000 square feet of floorspace. Decision makers, businesses, and other organizations that are concerned with the use of energy--building owners and managers, regulators, legislative bodies and executive agencies at all levels of government, utilities and other energy suppliers--are confronted with a buildings sector that is complex. Data on major characteristics (e.g., type of building, size, year constructed, location) collected from the buildings, along with the amount and types of energy the buildings consume, help answer fundamental questions about the use of energy in commercial buildings.

NONE

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Ethanol Consumption by Rat Dams During Gestation,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ethanol Consumption by Rat Dams During Gestation, Lactation and Weaning Increases Ethanol examined effects of ethanol consumption in rat dams during gestation, lactation, and weaning on voluntary ethanol consumption by their adolescent young. We found that exposure to an ethanol-ingesting dam

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

244

Problem of Vain Energy Consumption in a VAV Air Conditioning System Shared By an Inner Zone and Exterior Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in winter and summer. Taking a practical project as example, this paper analyzes the energy consumption of a VAV air conditioning system that is shared by inner zone and exterior zone. The paper also points out the serious problem of useless energy...

Wenji, G.; Ling, C.; Dongdong, L.; Mei, S.; Li, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

An Analysis Framework for Investigating the Trade-offs Between System Performance and Energy Consumption in a Heterogeneous Computing Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Analysis Framework for Investigating the Trade-offs Between System Performance and Energy of energy and earn different amounts of utility. We demonstrate our analysis framework using real data.rambharos@gmail.com Abstract--Rising costs of energy consumption and an ongo- ing effort for increases in computing performance

Maciejewski, Anthony A.

246

The Impact of CO2-Based Demand-Controlled Ventilation on Energy Consumptions for Air Source Heat Pumps in Schools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There have been increasingly growing concerns for many years over the quality of the air inside buildings and the associated energy use. The CO2-based demand-controlled ventilation DCV offers a great opportunity to reduce energy consumption in HVAC...

AlRaees, N.; Nassif, N.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Energy consumption of building 39  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The MIT community has embarked on an initiative to the reduce energy consumption and in accordance with the Kyoto Protocol. This thesis seeks to further expand our understanding of how the MIT campus consumes energy and ...

Hopeman, Lisa Maria

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Progressive consumption : strategic sustainable excess  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trends in the marketplace show that urban dwellers are increasingly supporting locally produced foods. This thesis argues for an architecture that responds to our cultures consumptive behaviors. Addressing the effects of ...

Bonham, Daniel J. (Daniel Joseph MacLeod)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

ResPoNSe: modeling the wide variability of residential energy consumption.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

affect appliance energy consumption. For example, differentStates, 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: HousingModeling of End-Use Energy Consumption in the Residential

Peffer, Therese; Burke, William; Auslander, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

One of These Homes is Not Like the Other: Residential Energy Consumption Variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the total annual energy consumption. The behavior patternsin total residential energy consumption per home, even whenthe variability in energy consumption can vary by factors of

Kelsven, Phillip

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

One of These Homes is Not Like the Other: Residential Energy Consumption Variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

estimates of gas and electricity consumption were preparedestimates the gas and electricity consumption in a typicalthat lacked electricity consumption data were discarded for

Kelsven, Phillip

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the US economy. These estimates are based on data from the 1991 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). This survey--administered by the Energy End Use and Integrated Statistics Division, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy Information Administration (EIA)--is the most comprehensive source of national-level data on energy-related information for the manufacturing industries.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Impacts of Climate Change on Energy Consumption and Peak Demand in Buildings: A Detailed Regional Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of numerous commercial and residential building simulations, with the purpose of examining the impact of climate change on peak and annual building energy consumption over the portion of the Eastern Interconnection (EIC) located in the United States. The climate change scenario considered (IPCC A2 scenario as downscaled from the CASCaDE data set) has changes in mean climate characteristics as well as changes in the frequency and duration of intense weather events. This investigation examines building energy demand for three annual periods representative of climate trends in the CASCaDE data set at the beginning, middle, and end of the century--2004, 2052, and 2089. Simulations were performed using the Building ENergy Demand (BEND) model which is a detailed simulation platform built around EnergyPlus. BEND was developed in collaboration with the Platform for Regional Integrated Modeling and Analysis (PRIMA), a modeling framework designed to simulate the complex interactions among climate, energy, water, and land at decision-relevant spatial scales. Over 26,000 building configurations of different types, sizes, vintages, and, characteristics which represent the population of buildings within the EIC, are modeled across the 3 EIC time zones using the future climate from 100 locations within the target region, resulting in nearly 180,000 spatially relevant simulated demand profiles for each of the 3 years. In this study, the building stock characteristics are held constant based on the 2005 building stock in order to isolate and present results that highlight the impact of the climate signal on commercial and residential energy demand. Results of this analysis compare well with other analyses at their finest level of specificity. This approach, however, provides a heretofore unprecedented level of specificity across multiple spectrums including spatial, temporal, and building characteristics. This capability enables the ability to perform detailed hourly impact studies of building adaptation and mitigation strategies on energy use and electricity peak demand within the context of the entire grid and economy.

Dirks, James A.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Hathaway, John E.; Skorski, Daniel C.; Scott, Michael J.; Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Huang, Maoyi; Liu, Ying; Rice, Jennie S.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Analyzing the Trade-offs Between Minimizing Makespan and Minimizing Energy Consumption in a Heterogeneous Resource Allocation Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analyzing the Trade-offs Between Minimizing Makespan and Minimizing Energy Consumption@engr.colostate.edu, wcoliver@rams.colostate.edu, HJ@colostate.edu, aam@colostate.edu Abstract--The energy consumption of data their energy consumption while maintaining a high level of performance. Minimizing energy consumption while

Maciejewski, Anthony A.

255

Online Supplementary Material Biomass availability, energy consumption and biochar production in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the pyrolysis chamber while the inner cylinder is the combustion chamber (Figure S3). Biomass is placedOnline Supplementary Material Biomass availability, energy consumption and biochar production pieces of wood. 1.3 Pyrolysis stove The pyrolysis stove is an anila-type stove developed by U

Lehmann, Johannes

256

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

architecture that provides fine-grained real-time visibility into building energy consumption enables significant and sustainablearchitecture, to create actionable views of energy usages, which lead to significant and sustainablearchitecture for local energy generation, distribution, and sharing. IEEE Conference on Global Sustainable

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Self-Adaptive Management of The Sleep Depths of Idle Nodes in Large Scale Systems to Balance Between Energy Consumption and Response Times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Between Energy Consumption and Response Times Yongpeng Liu(1) , Hong Zhu(2) , Kai Lu(1) , Xiaoping Wang(1.659 MW, which equals the power usage of a middle scale city. In 2006, US servers and data centers U.S. electricity consumption or the output of about 15 typical power plants [2]. In 2007

Zhu, Hong

258

Margins up; consumption down  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of a survey of dealers in the domestic fuel oil industry are reported. Wholesale prices, reacting to oversupply, decreased as did retail prices; retail prices decreased at a slower rate so profit margins were larger. This trend produced competitive markets as price-cutting became the method for increasing a dealer's share of the profits. Losses to other fuels decreased, when the figures were compared to earlier y; and cash flow was very good for most dealers. In summary, profits per gallon of oil delivered increased, while the consumption of gasoline per customer decreased. 22 tables.

Mantho, M.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Table N5.2. Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 1998  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API Gravity Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History71.7 588.51 "1. Consumption1.

260

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program:Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2005, the Chinese government announced an ambitious goal of reducing energy consumption per unit of GDP by 20% between 2005 and 2010. One of the key initiatives for realizing this goal is the Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises program. The energy consumption of these 1000 enterprises accounted for 33% of national and 47% of industrial energy usage in 2004. Under the Top-1000 program, 2010 energy consumption targets were determined for each enterprise. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the program design and initial results, given limited information and data, in order to understand the possible implications of its success in terms of energy and carbon dioxide emissions reductions and to recommend future program modifications based on international experience with similar target-setting agreement programs. Even though the Top-1000 Program was designed and implemented rapidly, it appears that--depending upon the GDP growth rate--it could contribute to somewhere between approximately 10% and 25% of the savings required to support China's efforts to meet a 20% reduction in energy use per unit of GDP by 2010.

Price, Lynn; Price, Lynn; Wang, Xuejun; Yun, Jiang

2008-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Shadow prices and well-posedness in the problem of optimal investment and consumption with transaction costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the optimal investment and consumption model of Davis and Norman (1990) and Shreve and Soner (1994), following a shadow-price approach similar to that of Kallsen and Muhle-Karbe (2010). Making use of the completeness of the model without transaction costs, we reformulate and reduce the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation for this singular stochastic control problem to a non-standard free-boundary problem for a first-order ODE with an integral constraint. Having shown that the free boundary problem has a smooth solution, we use it to construct the solution of the original optimal investment/consumption problem in a self-contained manner and without any recourse to the dynamic programming principle. Furthermore, we provide an explicit characterization of model parameters for which the value function is finite.

Choi, Jinhyuk; Zitkovic, Gordan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Please cite this article in press as: T. Zhang, et al., Modelling electricity consumption in office buildings: An agent based approach. Energy Buildings (2011), doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2011.07.007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Please cite this article in press as: T. Zhang, et al., Modelling electricity consumption in office behaviour, to simulate the electricity consumption in office buildings. Based on a case study, we use office electricity consumption problems. This paper theoretically contributes to an integration

Aickelin, Uwe

263

Reduces electric energy consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BENEFITS · Reduces electric energy consumption · Reduces peak electric demand · Reduces natural gas consumption · Reduces nonhazardous solid waste and wastewater generation · Potential annual savings products for the automotive industry, electrical equipment, and miscellaneous other uses nationwide. ALCOA

264

Energy Consumption of Transponders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption of Transponders Lei Shi Apr. 26, 2011 #12;Contents · Energy Efficient Ethernet · Energy Efficient EPON · Core Network ­ MLR: Reach and Energy Cost #12;Ethernet Energy Consumption is usually over 5 W · Energy Efficient Ethernet (EEE), uses a Low Power Idle mode to reduce energy

California at Davis, University of

265

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled. NNo responding cases in sample. Notes: Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that...

266

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption fuel shares were 36.1% coal, 21.3% crude oil,consumption of 797 Mtce (23.4 EJ) is made up of the following fuel shares: “36.10% coal, 21.30% crude oil,

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Table N5.1. Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 1998  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API Gravity Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History71.7 588.51 "1. Consumption1. Selected

268

Continuous Energy Management of the HVAC&R System in an Office Building System Operation and Energy Consumption for the Eight Years after Building Completion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The authors continuously studied the energy consumption of a heating, ventilating, air- conditioning and refrigerating (HVAC&R) system in an office for the operation of the system in terms of its expected performance. A fault in the system control...

Akashi, Y.; Shinozaki, M.; Kusuda, R.; Ito, S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Differences in the consumption of confectionery products in Russia, England and Finland from the perspective of marketing mix.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study researched the consumption of the confectionary products from the perspective of Marketing Mix, by investigating the cross-cultural responses from Finland, England and Russia.… (more)

Baksheeva, Elena

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Simulation of household in-home and transportation energy use : an integrated behavioral model for estimating energy consumption at the neighborhood scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Household in-home activities and out-of-home transportation are two major sources of urban energy consumption. In light of China's rapid urbanization and income growth, changing lifestyles and consumer patterns - evident ...

Yu, Feifei, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Household energy consumption and expenditures 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presents information about household end-use consumption of energy and expenditures for that energy. These data were collected in the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey; more than 7,000 households were surveyed for information on their housing units, energy consumption and expenditures, stock of energy-consuming appliances, and energy-related behavior. The information represents all households nationwide (97 million). Key findings: National residential energy consumption was 10.0 quadrillion Btu in 1993, a 9% increase over 1990. Weather has a significant effect on energy consumption. Consumption of electricity for appliances is increasing. Houses that use electricity for space heating have lower overall energy expenditures than households that heat with other fuels. RECS collected data for the 4 most populous states: CA, FL, NY, TX.

NONE

1995-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

272

Qualitatively an important increase in ham imports can be noted during the last ten years. It has probably been encouraged by an increasing, per capita, of ham consumption and also by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

probably been encouraged by an increasing, per capita, of ham consumption and also by progressive consumption is beginning to change. French foreign trade in pork also shows conjunctural variations mainly due and consumption in the different countries. Self-supply in !.$.C. with 6 countries, then E.E.C. with 9, slightly

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

273

The Human Carbon Budget: An Estimate of the Spatial Distribution of Metabolic Carbon Consumption and Release in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide is taken up by agricultural crops and released soon after during the consumption of agricultural commodities. The global net impact of this process on carbon flux to the atmosphere is negligible, but impact on the spatial distribution of carbon dioxide uptake and release across regions and continents is significant. To estimate the consumption and release of carbon by humans over the landscape, we developed a carbon budget for humans in the United States. The budget was derived from food commodity intake data for the US and from algorithms representing the metabolic processing of carbon by humans. Data on consumption, respiration, and waste of carbon by humans were distributed over the US using geospatial population data with a resolution of approximately 450 x 450 m. The average adult in the US contains about 21 kg C and consumes about 67 kg C yr-1 which is balanced by the annual release of about 59 kg C as expired CO2, 7 kg C as feces and urine, and less than 1 kg C as flatus, sweat, and aromatic compounds. In 2000, an estimated 17.2 Tg C were consumed by the US population and 15.2 Tg C were expired to the atmosphere as CO2. Historically, carbon stock in the US human population has increased between 1790-2006 from 0.06 Tg to 5.37 Tg. Displacement and release of total harvested carbon per capita in the US is nearly 12% of per capita fossil fuel emissions. Humans are using, storing, and transporting carbon about the Earth s surface. Inclusion of these carbon dynamics in regional carbon budgets can improve our understanding of carbon sources and sinks.

West, Tristram O. [ORNL; Singh, Nagendra [ORNL; Marland, Gregg [ORNL; Bhaduri, Budhendra L [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Reduction of Water Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooling systems using water evaporation to dissipate waste heat, will require one pound of water per 1,000 Btu. To reduce water consumption, a combination of "DRY" and "WET" cooling elements is the only practical answer. This paper reviews...

Adler, J.

275

Effects of Gossypol Consumption on the Growth Traits of Red Deer Stags and Supplemental Melatonin for Advancement of Estrous Cycles in Red Deer Hinds.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECTS OF GOSSYPOL CONSUMPTION ON GROWTH TRAITS OF RED DEER STAGS AND SUPPLEMENTAL MELATONIN FOR ADVANCEMENT OF ESTROUS CYCLES IN RED DEER HINDS A Thesis by SHANE LEE MORGAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A... Stags and Supplemental Melatonin for Advancement of Estrous Cycles in Red Deer Hinds Copyright 2011 Shane Lee Morgan EFFECTS OF GOSSYPOL CONSUMPTION ON GROWTH TRAITS OF RED DEER STAGS AND SUPPLEMENTAL MELATONIN FOR ADVANCEMENT OF ESTROUS...

Morgan, Shane

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

276

Using architecture information and real-time resource state to reduce power consumption and communication costs in parallel applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As computer systems grow in both size and complexity, the need for applications and run-time systems to adjust to their dynamic environment also grows. The goal of the RAAMP LDRD was to combine static architecture information and real-time system state with algorithms to conserve power, reduce communication costs, and avoid network contention. We devel- oped new data collection and aggregation tools to extract static hardware information (e.g., node/core hierarchy, network routing) as well as real-time performance data (e.g., CPU uti- lization, power consumption, memory bandwidth saturation, percentage of used bandwidth, number of network stalls). We created application interfaces that allowed this data to be used easily by algorithms. Finally, we demonstrated the benefit of integrating system and application information for two use cases. The first used real-time power consumption and memory bandwidth saturation data to throttle concurrency to save power without increasing application execution time. The second used static or real-time network traffic information to reduce or avoid network congestion by remapping MPI tasks to allocated processors. Results from our work are summarized in this report; more details are available in our publications [2, 6, 14, 16, 22, 29, 38, 44, 51, 54].

Brandt, James M.; Devine, Karen D. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Gentile, Ann C. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Leung, Vitus J. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Olivier, Stephen Lecler [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Pedretti, Kevin [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Rajamanickam, Sivasankaran [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Bunde, David P. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Deveci, Mehmet; Catalyurek, Umit V.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

World energy consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Historical and projected world energy consumption information is displayed. The information is presented by region and fuel type, and includes a world total. Measurements are in quadrillion Btu. Sources of the information contained in the table are: (1) history--Energy Information Administration (EIA), International Energy Annual 1992, DOE/EIA-0219(92); (2) projections--EIA, World Energy Projections System, 1994. Country amounts include an adjustment to account for electricity trade. Regions or country groups are shown as follows: (1) Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), US (not including US territories), which are included in other (ECD), Canada, Japan, OECD Europe, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, other Europe, and other OECD; (2) Eurasia--China, former Soviet Union, eastern Europe; (3) rest of world--Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and other countries not included in any other group. Fuel types include oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, and other. Other includes hydroelectricity, geothermal, solar, biomass, wind, and other renewable sources.

NONE

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Power consumption monitoring using additional monitoring device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Today, emphasis is placed on reducing power consumption. Computers are large consumers; therefore it is important to know the total consumption of computing systems. Since their optimal functioning requires quite strict environmental conditions, without much variation in temperature and humidity, reducing energy consumption cannot be made without monitoring environmental parameters. Thus, the present work uses a multifunctional electric meter UPT 210 for power consumption monitoring. Two applications were developed: software which carries meter readings provided by electronic and programming facilitates remote device and a device for temperature monitoring and control. Following temperature variations that occur both in the cooling system, as well as the ambient, can reduce energy consumption. For this purpose, some air conditioning units or some computers are stopped in different time slots. These intervals were set so that the economy is high, but the work's Datacenter is not disturbed.

Tru?c?, M. R. C., E-mail: radu.trusca@itim-cj.ro; Albert, ?., E-mail: radu.trusca@itim-cj.ro; Tudoran, C., E-mail: radu.trusca@itim-cj.ro; Soran, M. L., E-mail: radu.trusca@itim-cj.ro; F?rca?, F., E-mail: radu.trusca@itim-cj.ro [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Abrudean, M. [Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

279

Power Consumption in Enterprise-Scale Backup Storage Systems Appears in the tenth USENIX Conference on File and Storage Technologies (FAST 2012)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the data is cold, as backups are generally only accessed when there is a failure in a higher storage tier the storage industry and research communities in future development of power management technologies. 2Power Consumption in Enterprise-Scale Backup Storage Systems Appears in the tenth USENIX Conference

Zadok, Erez

280

Dynamic power is the main source of power consumption in CMOS circuits. It depends on the square of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the dynamic power consumption, without degrading the performance determined assuming that the circuit operates performance systems are characterized by large power dissipation. This transforms to heat that can lead, there is no guarantee that the algorithm produces optimal results. A technique to reduce power consumption has been

Aboulhamid, El Mostapha

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Alcohol Consumption in University Students: The Relationship Between Personality and Metacognition in Relation to Drinking   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are growing concerns over the heavy drinking found in university students in the UK. Metacognitions; the cognitive processes that oversee, monitor and control, cognition, have been related to alcohol use. The personality ...

Clark, Ailsa

2010-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

282

Analysis of wood-energy production and consumption strategies among small-scale farmers in central Kenya  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study focuses on wood-energy production and consumption strategies among small-scale farm households in central Kenya. The specific objective were: (1) to determine how households had responded to specific wood-energy policies; (2) to identify factors associated with household adoption or non-adoption of the strategies. Different programs aimed at addressing wood-energy shortages in Kenya were initiated or strengthened during the 1980s: fuelwood or multipurpose tree planting; development and dissemination of improved stoves and fireplaces; promotion of increased accessibility to wood-energy substitutes. Household adoption levels for policy-supported strategies have remained low despite promotion. Survey data from two villages in Nyeri district were collected to determine the factors associated with adoption of the Kenya Ceramic Jiko, the [open quotes]Kuni Mbili[close quotes] stove/fireplace, kerosene stoves, electric cookers, and fuelwood or multipurpose tree planting. Adoption rates varied from as low as 1 percent for electricity to 43 percent for the Kenya Ceramic Jiko. Important policy variables included extension visits per year, income levels, years of formal education received by head of household, access to different fuels, area of farm-land owned, household size, and locational characteristics of the villages. Policy recommendations included: use of research results to direct policy; improvement of information flows between policy makers, extension agents, and technology-users; increased support of agroforestry; and better program coordination. Recommendations for further research included: examining more areas where efficiency gains in energy production and consumption can be made, extending the study to cover the drier parts of central Kenya, and conducting regular case studies in order to better understand the adoption process over time.

Mwangi, A.M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy based on data from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey. The sample used in this report represented about 250,000 of the largest manufacturing establishments which account for approximately 98 percent of U.S. economic output from manufacturing, and an expected similar proportion of manufacturing energy use. The amount of energy use was collected for all operations of each establishment surveyed. Highlights of the report include profiles for the four major energy-consuming industries (petroleum refining, chemical, paper, and primary metal industries), and an analysis of the effects of changes in the natural gas and electricity markets on the manufacturing sector. Seven appendices are included to provide detailed background information. 10 figs., 51 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

An Analysis of Energy Consumption in Grocery Stores in a Hot and Humid Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The intent of this study was to investigate the efficient use of energy by developing an energy efficient grocery store combined with cogeneration. This study demonstrated the potential to reduce the energy use in buildings, by implementing a...

Mukhopadhyay, Jaya

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

285

Changing patterns of world energy consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The substantial increases in oil prices since 1973 have had tremendous impacts on world energy, and particularly on oil consumption. These impacts have varied across regions and energy types. As shown in a table, from 1960 through 1973 the real price of internationally traded crude oil, as measured in constant US dollars, changed very little. In this stable oil price environment, Free World energy consumption grew at 5.3% per year and oil use rose at 7.5% per year, increasing its share of Free World energy consumption from 43 to 56%. 6 tables.

Todd, S.H.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL-WORLD DRIVING IN LABORATORY CONDITIONS HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL-WORLD DRIVING...

287

The individual contribution of automotive components to vehicle fuel consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel consumption has grown to become a major point of interest as oil reserves are depleted. The purpose of this study is to determine the key components that cause variation in the instantaneous fuel consumption of vehicles ...

Napier, Parhys L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

US SoAtl GA Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

household (2,067) in Georgia are similar to the U.S. household averages. * Per household electricity consumption in Georgia is among the highest in the country, but similar to...

289

2008 Erik Hinterbichler DESIGNING A BETTER ENERGY CONSUMPTION INDICATOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in which HCI can contribute to energy conservation is in interfaces for residential energy consumption on the effects of energy consumption feedback in the home. From this analysis, we created a theoretical framework© 2008 Erik Hinterbichler #12;DESIGNING A BETTER ENERGY CONSUMPTION INDICATOR INTERFACE

Karahalios, Karrie G.

290

FISHERY PRODUCTS SITUATION Consumption of fishery products is ex-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Per -capita sales likely will be near 11.2 pounds--down from 11.4 pounds in 1970. Consumption had beenFISHERY PRODUCTS SITUATION Consumption of fishery products is ex- pected to be off a little in 1971 to attract more imports in 1971 . Since U.S. fish consumption is about 550/0-de- pendent on imports

291

An analysis of the effect of the food stamp program on family consumption behavior in the South of the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, they point out that food stamps lead to roughly 20;" more food consumption than ca. sh transfer as shown in Ta'ole 1. I', PC food out of bonus food. stamps and that out of cash income will be estimated in chapter IV. . able 1. I"arginal Propensity... income, we can determine whether food stamp constrain recipient consumption behavior. Estimation Of The Cash Equivalent value In reference to Eigure 5 of the previous chapter, ': /=' " is . che cash equrvalen; ra, ?. ' o ?. h ' '. mess e the ccr- poY'dine...

Yeung, Miu Ling

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Fuel consumption analyses for urban traffic management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A primary output from the fuel consumption research conducted by the Australian Road Research Board (ARRB) is the ARRB Special Report, Guide to Fuel Consumption Analyses. This article briefly summarizes the background of the guide, describes its major features, and considers its relevance to urban traffic management decision. The guide was a result of a technical audit of studies relating to energy consumption in traffic and transport systems. A brief summary of the audit process and findings is given. The guide is intended primarily as an aid to effective use of fuel consumption models in the design of traffic management schemes. The forms of four interrelated fuel consumption models of the guide are described and their likely transferability to various situations is indicated. Each traffic and fuel consumption model is appropriate to a particular scale of traffic system. This link is shown for several selected traffic models. As an example, a discussion of the importance of accurate fuel consumption estimates for the case of priority control at a particular intersection is given.

Bowyer, D.P.; Akcelik, R.; Biggs, D.C.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

State energy data report 1993: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public; and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

State Energy Data Report, 1991: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to the Government, policy makers, and the public; and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

The experience of . . . suspense: understanding the construct, its antecedents, and its consequences in consumption and acquisition contexts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?Will my flight be cancelled?? ?Will I win the eBay auction?? These consumption and product acquisition situations would trigger the experience of . . . suspense. Suspense is defined as the overall anticipatory arousal associated with the hope and...

Guidry, Julie Anna

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

296

Effect of milk consumption, forage availability and cow phenotype on rate of preweaning growth of calves in a semiarid Texas rangeland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption and adjusted for mean age at measurement. The influence of FA, adjusted milk consumption (AdjMC) and cow weight on preweaning daily gain (DG) and weaning weight (WW) was determined using GLM (SAS Institute Inc. , 1985a, b). Daily gain increased... 6. 3 and 31. 6 (P&, 01) g/d per kg increase in BW and AdjMC, respectively; age at weaning (AgeW) and FA were not related (P&. 10). Weaning weight increased 2. 4 (P&. 0001), . 72, (P&. 0001) and 4. 4 kg (P&. 12) per unit increase in BW, Age...

Saunders, Susan Lynn

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Per Capita Annual Utilization and Consumption of Fish and Shellfish  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Per Capita Annual Utilization and Consumption of Fish and Shellfish in Hawaii, 1970-77 Table I was 5.82 kg (12.8 pounds). It has been speculated that the per capita consumption of fishery prod- ucts is that the per capita consumption rate in Hawaii for 1977 was about 77 percent higher than the U.S. average

298

Effects of household dynamics on resource consumption and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

influence per capita consumption7,8 and thus biodiversity through, for example, consumption of wood for fuel, and resultant higher per capita resource con- sumption in smaller households15­19 pose serious challenges on resource consumption and biodiversity Jianguo Liu*, Gretchen C. Daily, Paul R. Ehrlich & Gary W. Luck

Ehrlich, Paul R.

299

A Realistic Power Consumption Model for Wireless Sensor Network Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Recent analyses of WSN energy efficiency have been widely based on a sensor node power consumption model1 A Realistic Power Consumption Model for Wireless Sensor Network Devices Qin Wang, Mark Hempstead}@eecs.harvard.edu Abstract-- A realistic power consumption model of wireless communication subsystems typically used in many

Hempstead, Mark

300

Energino: a Hardware and Software Solution for Energy Consumption Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energino: a Hardware and Software Solution for Energy Consumption Monitoring Karina Gomez, Roberto.granelli@disi.unitn.it Abstract--Accurate measurement of energy consumption of practical wireless deployments is vital in the availability of affordable and scalable energy consumption monitoring tools for the research community

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

On the Energy Consumption and Performance of Systems Software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Energy Consumption and Performance of Systems Software Appears in the proceedings of the 4th,grosu,psehgal,sas,stoller,ezk}@cs.stonybrook.edu ABSTRACT Models of energy consumption and performance are necessary to understand and identify system. This paper considers the energy consumption and performance of servers running a relatively simple file

Zadok, Erez

302

Automated Analysis of Performance and Energy Consumption for Cloud Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automated Analysis of Performance and Energy Consumption for Cloud Applications Feifei Chen, John providers is thus to develop resource provisioning and management solutions at minimum energy consumption system performance and energy consumption patterns in complex cloud systems is imperative to achieve

Schneider, Jean-Guy

303

US MidAtl NY Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

consume an average of 103 million Btu per year, 15% more than the U.S. average. * Electricity consumption in New York homes is much lower than the U.S. average, because...

304

Energy consumption metrics of MIT buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With world energy demand on the rise and greenhouse gas levels breaking new records each year, lowering energy consumption and improving energy efficiency has become vital. MIT, in a mission to help improve the global ...

Schmidt, Justin David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Development of Energy Consumption Database Management System of Existing Large Public Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The statistic data of energy consumption are the base of analyzing energy consumption. The scientific management method of energy consumption data and the development of database management system plays an important role in building energy...

Li, Y.; Zhang, J.; Sun, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Impacts of Electric Vehicles on Primary Energy Consumption and Petroleum Displacement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These studiesprojected electricity consumption EVs and theMPG) and EV electricity consumption (in Kwh per mile).weight of increases. 3.2. Electricity Consumption EVs of To

Wang, Quanlu; Delucchi, Mark A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

STRUCTURE ORIGIN OF THE ENHANCED THERMOELECTRIC POWER Today approximately 60% of the energy consumption in the US is lost, mostly through waste  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption in the US is lost, mostly through waste heat. Development on thermoelectric technologySTRUCTURE ORIGIN OF THE ENHANCED THERMOELECTRIC POWER Today approximately 60% of the energy to significant energy savings. Many recent advances in thermoelectric materials are attributed to nanoscale

Homes, Christopher C.

308

Energy Consumption Characteristics of Light Manufacturing Facilities in The Northern Plains: A Study of Detailed Data from 10 Industrial Energy Audits Conducted in 1993  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was $0.46/ccf of natural gas and $O.053IkWh of electricity. Natural Gas Consumption Of the total natural gas consumption, steam processes used the largest quantity with 48 percent, followed closely by space heating with 45 percent. The remaining 7... natural gas consumption. The large space heating loads warranted extensive evaluation of the building's thermal envelope for improved heat loss resistance. Electrical Consumption The electricity consumption for the plants (Table 3) was divided...

Twedt, M.; Bassett, K.

309

Monitoring and Management of Refinery Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MONITORING AND MANAGEMENT OF REFINERY ENERGY CONSUMPTION Roger O. Pelham Richard D. Moriarty Patrie D. Hudgens Profimatics, Inc. Thousand Oaks, California ABSTRACT Since 1972, the u.s. refining industry has made much progress in reduci... ng energy consumption. Lately, falling energy prices have de-emphasized the need to appropriate new capital for additional energy conservation projects. One area neglected in most refineries is the need to monitor and man age the daily use...

Pelham, R. O.; Moriarty, R. D.; Hudgens, P. D.

310

China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Choices, and Energy Consumption. Praeger Publishers,The decomposition effect of energy consumption in China'sThe challenge of reducing energy consumption of the Top-1000

Ke, Jing

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy flows in the building electrical load tree. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .intrinsic property of energy load trees is additivity - thevisualization of energy flows in the load tree, as shown in

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in MJ /household-year. Air conditioner and refrigerator endand 217.4% for air conditioner in Japan in 2000 (IEEJ,appliances including air conditioner, refrigerator, clothes

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

State energy data report 1996: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the Combined State Energy Data System (CSEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining CSEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. CSEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models. To the degree possible, energy consumption has been assigned to five sectors: residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility sectors. Fuels covered are coal, natural gas, petroleum, nuclear electric power, hydroelectric power, biomass, and other, defined as electric power generated from geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, and solar thermal energy. 322 tabs.

NONE

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Transportation Energy Consumption Surveys  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael SchaalNovember 26, 2008Product:7.1Energy Consumption (RTECS)

315

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Existing solutions in commercial building energy monitoring are insufficient in identifying energy waste or for guiding improvement. This is because they only provide usage statistics… (more)

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Estimates of US biomass energy consumption 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the seventh in a series of publications developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to quantify the biomass-derived primary energy used by the US economy. It presents estimates of 1991 and 1992 consumption. The objective of this report is to provide updated estimates of biomass energy consumption for use by Congress, Federal and State agencies, biomass producers and end-use sectors, and the public at large.

Not Available

1994-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

317

State energy data report 1994: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), operated by EIA. SEDS provides State energy consumption estimates to members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public, and provides the historical series needed for EIA`s energy models. Division is made for each energy type and end use sector. Nuclear electric power is included.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Modeling energy consumption of residential furnaces and boilers in U.S. homes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy conservation standard in terms of the Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency (AFUE) descriptor at a minimum

Lutz, James; Dunham-Whitehead, Camilla; Lekov, Alex; McMahon, James

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Spontaneous fetal death among multigravid fertile women in relation to sport fish consumption and PCB exposure, New York State Angler Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spontaneous fetal death, a sentinel event for environmental reproductive toxicity, has been observed among various mammalian species following polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure. This exposure-based cohort study assessed the relationship between PCB exposure due to consumption of contaminated Lake Ontario sport fish and spontaneous fetal death. Using 1,820 women from the 1990-1991 New York State Angler Study, fish consumption data were obtained from food frequency questionnaires and reproductive histories from live birth certificates. A reliability study demonstrated an excellent level of agreement between the exact number of spontaneous fetal deaths recorded on the birth certificate compared with telephone interview data (kappa = 0.83). Women who had never eaten Lake Ontario sport fish were unexposed (n = 979) and 841 women reported various levels of exposure. Analyses were stratified by maternal gravidity and controlled for smoking status and maternal age. No significant increases in risk for spontaneous fetal death were seen for any estimate of PCB exposure including lifetime estimate of PCB exposure based on species-specific PCB levels, years of fish consumption, and kilograms of fish consumed, either in the 1990-1991 season or in a lifetime estimate. The only significant finding was a slight risk reduction for women of gravidity three or more with years of fish consumption (odds ratio = 0.97; p = 0.03; 95% confidence interval = 0.94-0.99). These findings suggest that PCB exposure from contaminated sport fish does not increase the risk of spontaneous fetal death.

Mendola, P.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Modeling Water Withdrawal and Consumption for Electricity Generation in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water withdrawals for thermoelectric cooling account for a significant portion of total water use in the United States. Any change in electrical energy generation policy and technologies has the potential to have a major ...

Strzepek, Kenneth M.

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A critique of the logic of consumption in postmodern architecture : the museum as a case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In constructing a distinctive polemic, postmodern architecture presented itself as a reaction to the modem movement, embodying both its negation and transcendence. In the ongoing debate over the definition of postmodernity ...

Kazzaz, Tarek M. (Tarek Mohamad)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat Pump Air Conditioner District Heating Boiler Gas Boiler Electricity Figure 11 Space Heating Technology Shift in Residential

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Intensity in the Unites States, http://intensityindicators.pnl.gov/total_commercial.stm [13] McKinsey Global

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Assessment of user satisfaction of restrooms with existing toilet fixtures and new low consumption fixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

satisfaction in each phase. The four phases were: 1. The as-is condition of the flush valves and the lavatory valve. 2. Low consumption manual flush valve and low consumption manual lavatory valve. 3. Old style low consumption automatic flush valve... and low consumption manual lavatory valve. 3. Determine user satisfaction of the restroom for old style low consumption automatic flush valve and low consumption automatic lavatory valve. 4. Determine user satisfaction of the restroom for low...

Vankamamidi, Neelima Raman

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

The participation, spatial distribution, and consumption patterns of boaters residing in Metropolitan Toronto  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is far from precise since the Customs and Excise Division of the Federal Department of National Revenue licenses only those boats using a ten horsepower motor or over, and only those sailboats moored in Toronto Harbour . If the growth rate.... The two large harbours, Waitemata and Manukau, open onto different sides of the North Island. In addition, each of these harbours has a variety of bays and smaller harbours which provide boating locations. In spite of this variety of boating...

Weakley, John Robert James

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9 RadLab as a Green Building Testbed 9.126] Autodesk. Autodesk Green Building Studio. http://David Culler. Enabling green building applications. In The

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2006. “Strengthening the Building Energy Efficiency (BEE)Summer Studies on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Asilamor,energy efficiency improvement (-1.5%) and building mix (-

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Task Technical Plan for Studies of Oxygen Consumption in the Catalyzed Hydrolysis of Tetraphenylborate Ion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document presents the plan for studies of how dissolved oxygen affects the catalytic decomposition of the tetraphenylborate ion in alkaline aqueous solution.

Fink, S.D. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, AIKEN, SC (United States)

1996-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

329

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that displays energy usage graphs (measured by ACme’s) of8.9. In this graph, we re-aggregate energy usage based on

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Do Households Smooth Small Consumption Shocks? Evidence from Anticipated and Unanticipated Variation in Home Energy Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oil prices show a similar increase in the later years of the sample, but show a much less pronounced seasonal cycle

Cullen, Julie Berry; Friedberg, Leora; Wolfram, Catherine

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gas boiler boiler stove district heating heat pump airrespectively, followed by district heating of 22%, while inaddition to the existing district heating system in northern

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mostly attributed to district heating and coal boilers usedcities. In 2004, the District Heating has supplied about 25%Cogen Gas Boiler Boiler District Heating Fig.4 Space Cooling

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Energy Consumption in The Office Anton Stefanek Uli Harder Jeremy T. Bradley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,jb}@doc.ic.ac.uk Abstract. In this paper we present measurements of energy usage of standard office computing equipment such as desktop computers, a printer and a fridge. The interest in a more detailed knowledge of the energy usage. We analyse the data and show simple autoregressive time series models to predict the energy usage

Imperial College, London

334

Role of hydrogen in blast furnaces to improve productivity and decrease coke consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hydrogen contained in blast furnace gases exerts a variety of physical, thermochemical, and kinetic effects as the gases pass through the various zones. The hydrogen is derived from two sources: (1) the dissociation of moisture in the blast air (ambient and injected with hot blast), and (2) the release from partial combustion of supplemental fuels (including moisture in atomizing water, steam, or transport air, if any). With each atom of oxygen (or carbon), the molar amounts of hydrogen released are more than six times higher for natural gas than for coal, and two times higher for natural gas than for oil. Injection of natural gas in a blast furnace is not a new process. Small amounts of natural gas--about 50--80 lb or 1,100--1,700 SCF/ton of hot metal--have been injected in many of the North American blast furnaces since the early 1960s, with excellent operating results. What is new, however, is a batter understanding of how natural gas reacts in the blast furnace and how natural gas and appropriate quantities of oxygen can be used to increase the driving rate or combustion rate of carbon (coke) in the blast furnace without causing hanging furnace and operating problems. The paper discusses the factors limiting blast furnace productivity and how H{sub 2} and O{sub 2} can increase productivity.

Agarwal, J.C.; Brown, F.C.; Chin, D.L.; Stevens, G.; Clark, R.; Smith, D.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Life Cycle Water Consumption and Water Resource Assessment for Utility-Scale Geothermal Systems: An In-Depth Analysis of Historical and Forthcoming EGS Projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the third in a series of reports sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Geothermal Technologies Program in which a range of water-related issues surrounding geothermal power production are evaluated. The first report made an initial attempt at quantifying the life cycle fresh water requirements of geothermal power-generating systems and explored operational and environmental concerns related to the geochemical composition of geothermal fluids. The initial analysis of life cycle fresh water consumption of geothermal power-generating systems identified that operational water requirements consumed the vast majority of water across the life cycle. However, it relied upon limited operational water consumption data and did not account for belowground operational losses for enhanced geothermal systems (EGSs). A second report presented an initial assessment of fresh water demand for future growth in utility-scale geothermal power generation. The current analysis builds upon this work to improve life cycle fresh water consumption estimates and incorporates regional water availability into the resource assessment to improve the identification of areas where future growth in geothermal electricity generation may encounter water challenges. This report is divided into nine chapters. Chapter 1 gives the background of the project and its purpose, which is to assess the water consumption of geothermal technologies and identify areas where water availability may present a challenge to utility-scale geothermal development. Water consumption refers to the water that is withdrawn from a resource such as a river, lake, or nongeothermal aquifer that is not returned to that resource. The geothermal electricity generation technologies evaluated in this study include conventional hydrothermal flash and binary systems, as well as EGSs that rely on engineering a productive reservoir where heat exists, but where water availability or permeability may be limited. Chapter 2 describes the approach and methods for this work and identifies the four power plant scenarios evaluated: a 20-MW EGS binary plant, a 50-MW EGS binary plant, a 10-MW hydrothermal binary plant, and a 50-MW hydrothermal flash plant. The methods focus on (1) the collection of data to improve estimation of EGS stimulation volumes, aboveground operational consumption for all geothermal technologies, and belowground operational consumption for EGS; and (2) the mapping of the geothermal and water resources of the western United States to assist in the identification of potential water challenges to geothermal growth. Chapters 3 and 4 present the water requirements for the power plant life cycle. Chapter 3 presents the results of the current data collection effort, and Chapter 4 presents the normalized volume of fresh water consumed at each life cycle stage per lifetime energy output for the power plant scenarios evaluated. Over the life cycle of a geothermal power plant, from construction through 30 years of operation, the majority of water is consumed by plant operations. For the EGS binary scenarios, where dry cooling was assumed, belowground operational water loss is the greatest contributor depending upon the physical and operational conditions of the reservoir. Total life cycle water consumption requirements for air-cooled EGS binary scenarios vary between 0.22 and 1.85 gal/kWh, depending upon the extent of belowground operational water consumption. The air-cooled hydrothermal binary and flash plants experience far less fresh water consumption over the life cycle, at 0.04 gal/kWh. Fresh water requirements associated with air- cooled binary operations are primarily from aboveground water needs, including dust control, maintenance, and domestic use. Although wet-cooled hydrothermal flash systems require water for cooling, these plants generally rely upon the geofluid, fluid from the geothermal reservoir, which typically has high salinity and total dissolved solids concentration and is much warmer than normal groundwater sources, for their cooling water needs; thus,

Clark, Corrie E. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division; Harto, Christopher B. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division; Schroeder, Jenna N. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division; Martino, Louis E. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division; Horner, Robert M. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

336

The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in IEA Countries, IEA. [5] Sinton, J. , David F. , Mark L. ,15] Fridley D.G. , J.E. Sinton, J.I. Lewis, Zhou F.Q.. & LiPress, Cambridge: UK [3] Sinton, J. , 2001. “Changing Energy

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the majority of commercial building energy usages. Electricenergy usage inside the building. Fortunately, a commercialcommercial building energy monitoring are insu?cient in identifying waste or guide improvement because they only provide usage

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 System Architecture 3.1 Building as a2.1 Energy Flows in Buildings . . . . . . . . 2.1.1 Electric2.3.2 Networking . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4 Building Energy

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Using mobile technology to impact fruit and vegetable consumption in low-income youth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The benefits of fruits and vegetables (FV) include supplying nutrients and fiber to the diet, reducing risk of disease, and assisting in weight maintenance by increasing satiety and decreasing energy density of the diet. FV intake has been...

Hutcheson, Tresza Denae

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

340

Stochastic dynamic optimization of consumption and the induced price elasticity of demand in smart grids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a mathematical model of consumer behavior in response to stochastically-varying electricity prices, and a characterization of price-elasticity of demand created by optimal utilization of storage and ...

Faghih, Ali

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Future Air Conditioning Energy Consumption in Developing Countriesand what can be done about it: The Potential of Efficiency in theResidential Sector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dynamics of air conditioning are of particular interestto energy analysts, both because of the high energy consumption of thisproduct, but also its disproportionate impact on peak load. This paperaddresses the special role of this end use as a driver of residentialelectricity consumption in rapidly developing economies. Recent historyhas shown that air conditioner ownership can grow grows more rapidly thaneconomic growth in warm-climate countries. In 1990, less than a percentof urban Chinese households owned an air conditioner; by 2003 this numberrose to 62 percent. The evidence suggests a similar explosion of airconditioner use in many other countries is not far behind. Room airconditioner purchases in India are currently growing at 20 percent peryear, with about half of these purchases attributed to the residentialsector. This paper draws on two distinct methodological elements toassess future residential air conditioner 'business as usual' electricityconsumption by country/region and to consider specific alternative 'highefficiency' scenarios. The first component is an econometric ownershipand use model based on household income, climate and demographicparameters. The second combines ownership forecasts and stock accountingwith geographically specific efficiency scenarios within a uniqueanalysis framework (BUENAS) developed by LBNL. The efficiency scenariomodule considers current efficiency baselines, available technologies,and achievable timelines for development of market transformationprograms, such as minimum efficiency performance standards (MEPS) andlabeling programs. The result is a detailed set of consumption andemissions scenarios for residential air conditioning.

McNeil, Michael A.; Letschert, Virginie E.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

DOE plutonium disposition study: Pu consumption in ALWRs. Volume 2, Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has contracted with Asea Brown Boveri-Combustion Engineering (ABB-CE) to provide information on the capability of ABB-CE`s System 80 + Advanced Light Water Reactor (ALWR) to transform, through reactor burnup, 100 metric tonnes (MT) of weapons grade plutonium (Pu) into a form which is not readily useable in weapons. This information is being developed as part of DOE`s Plutonium Disposition Study, initiated by DOE in response to Congressional action. This document Volume 2, provides a discussion of: Plutonium Fuel Cycle; Technology Needs; Regulatory Considerations; Cost and Schedule Estimates; and Deployment Strategy.

Not Available

1993-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

343

Low energy consumption method for separating gaseous mixtures and in particular for medium purity oxygen production  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for the separation of gaseous mixtures such as air and for producing medium purity oxygen, comprising compressing the gaseous mixture in a first compressor to about 3.9-4.1 atmospheres pressure, passing said compressed gaseous mixture in heat exchange relationship with sub-ambient temperature gaseous nitrogen, dividing the cooled, pressurized gaseous mixture into first and second streams, introducing the first stream into the high pressure chamber of a double rectification column, separating the gaseous mixture in the rectification column into a liquid oxygen-enriched stream and a gaseous nitrogen stream and supplying the gaseous nitrogen stream for cooling the compressed gaseous mixture, removing the liquid oxygen-enriched stream from the low pressure chamber of the rectification column and pumping the liquid, oxygen-enriched steam to a predetermined pressure, cooling the second stream, condensing the cooled second stream and evaporating the oxygen-enriched stream in an evaporator-condenser, delivering the condensed second stream to the high pressure chamber of the rectification column, and heating the oxygen-enriched stream and blending the oxygen-enriched stream with a compressed blend-air stream to the desired oxygen concentration.

Jujasz, Albert J. (North Olmsted, OH); Burkhart, James A. (Olmsted Falls, OH); Greenberg, Ralph (New York, NY)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Indicator for in Use Energy Consumption (IUE): a tool enhancing Design for Energy Efficiency of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

impact of Electric and Electronic Product and the potential of Design for Energy Efficiency in Use, it explains the increasing interest on efficient management of energy during use of electr(on)ic equipment Union can decrease by 27%. The potential for decreasing is based on the estimated wastage of energy

Boyer, Edmond

345

DEST Software to Analyze System Zoning and Energy Consumption in Air Conditioning Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reports on a study on how to appropriately divide system zoning by using DeST software to calculate the basis dynamic temperature and load of all rooms in an office building. Influent factors of weather conditions, building envelope...

Fan, Y.; Li, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Challenges and Opportunities in Large-Scale Deployment of Automated Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the locational marginal price (LMP) at that bus. We show that a key challenge in large- scale deployment of ECS, locational marginal price. I. INTRODUCTION Real-time and time-of-use electricity pricing models can- edge among users on how to respond to time-varying prices and the lack of effective home automation

Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

347

Tackling the Load Uncertainty Challenges for Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to minimize the energy payment for each user. Unlike most existing demand side management algorithms the peak-to-average ratio of the aggregate load demand. Keywords: Demand side management, energy real-time residential load management algorithm that takes into account load uncertainty in order

Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

348

SIMULATING ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF AUXILIARY UNITS IN HEAVY VEHICLES1 Niklas Pettersson, Karl Henrik Johansson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the modelling language Modelica. The library contains a mixture of models developed from physical principles: Automotive Control, Energy Management Systems, Computer Simulation, Modelica. 1 This work is supported the ideas behind development and maintenance of a comprehensive model library are presented. The Modelica

Johansson, Karl Henrik

349

Anutritional dilemma: fish consumption, mercury exposure and growth of children in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bolivia Authors: Eric Benefice a ; Selma J. Luna Monrroy b ; Ronald W. Lopez Rodriguez c Affiliation s, La Paz, Bolivia c IRD, UR024, Epidemiology and Prevention, La Paz, Bolivia DOI: 10 Amerindian communities in the Beni River valley (Amazonian Bolivia). Hair mercury content (H-Hg) served

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

350

DOE Plutonium Disposition Study: Pu consumption in ALWRs. Volume 1, Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has contracted with Asea Brown Boveri-Combustion Engineering (ABB-CE) to provide information on the capability of ABB-CE`s System 80 + Advanced Light Water Reactor (ALWR) to transform, through reactor burnup, 100 metric tonnes (MT) of weapons grade plutonium (Pu) into a form which is not readily useable in weapons. This information is being developed as part of DOE`s Plutonium Disposition Study, initiated by DOE in response to Congressional action. This document, Volume 1, presents a technical description of the various elements of the System 80 + Standard Plant Design upon which the Plutonium Disposition Study was based. The System 80 + Standard Design is fully developed and directly suited to meeting the mission objectives for plutonium disposal. The bass U0{sub 2} plant design is discussed here.

Not Available

1993-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

Reducing Pump Power Consumption by 40% (1000 KW) Through Improved Pump Management in a Central Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chiller and secondary pump, and provide required chilled water flow to chillers by programmed modulation of VFD speed under different loop conditions. With help of software (control programs) modification, the above suggestions have been Table 3... Layout of the Central Utility Plant, TAMU Operation Schedule. The plant operation schedule which has been followed for years is presented in Table 1 under the column "Current Operation Schedule". For chillers 1 - 4, it has been found to be practical...

Deng, S.; Liu, M.; Turner, W. D.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Changing Trends: A Brief History of the US Household Consumption of Energy, Water, Food, Beverages and Tobacco  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in energy consumption. Patterns of Consumption--Historic Trends Electricity & Gas We'll start with historicChanging Trends: A Brief History of the US Household Consumption of Energy, Water, Food, Beverages analysis of consumption patterns of different commodities in the U.S. shed light on the consumption

353

A Parallel Statistical Learning Approach to the Prediction of Building Energy Consumption Based on Large Datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Parallel Statistical Learning Approach to the Prediction of Building Energy Consumption Based consumption of buildings based on historical performances is an important approach to achieve energy consumption plays an important role in the total energy consumption of end use. Energy efficiency in building

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

354

Optimal and Autonomous Incentive-based Energy Consumption Scheduling Algorithm for Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption scheduling (ECS) devices in smart meters for autonomous demand side management within equipment [3]. Load management, also known as demand side manage- ment [4]­[6], has been practiced since consumption management in buildings: reducing consumption and shifting consumption [2]. The former can be done

Wong, Vincent

355

Life Cycle Water Consumption and Water Resource Assessment for Utility-Scale Geothermal Systems: An In-Depth Analysis of Historical and Forthcoming EGS Projects  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

This report is the third in a series of reports sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Geothermal Technologies Program in which a range of water-related issues surrounding geothermal power production are evaluated. The first report made an initial attempt at quantifying the life cycle fresh water requirements of geothermal power-generating systems and explored operational and environmental concerns related to the geochemical composition of geothermal fluids. The initial analysis of life cycle fresh water consumption of geothermal power-generating systems identified that operational water requirements consumed the vast majority of water across the life cycle. However, it relied upon limited operational water consumption data and did not account for belowground operational losses for enhanced geothermal systems (EGSs). A second report presented an initial assessment of fresh water demand for future growth in utility-scale geothermal power generation. The current analysis builds upon this work to improve life cycle fresh water consumption estimates and incorporates regional water availability into the resource assessment to improve the identification of areas where future growth in geothermal electricity generation may encounter water challenges.

Schroeder, Jenna N.

356

Life Cycle Water Consumption and Water Resource Assessment for Utility-Scale Geothermal Systems: An In-Depth Analysis of Historical and Forthcoming EGS Projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the third in a series of reports sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Geothermal Technologies Program in which a range of water-related issues surrounding geothermal power production are evaluated. The first report made an initial attempt at quantifying the life cycle fresh water requirements of geothermal power-generating systems and explored operational and environmental concerns related to the geochemical composition of geothermal fluids. The initial analysis of life cycle fresh water consumption of geothermal power-generating systems identified that operational water requirements consumed the vast majority of water across the life cycle. However, it relied upon limited operational water consumption data and did not account for belowground operational losses for enhanced geothermal systems (EGSs). A second report presented an initial assessment of fresh water demand for future growth in utility-scale geothermal power generation. The current analysis builds upon this work to improve life cycle fresh water consumption estimates and incorporates regional water availability into the resource assessment to improve the identification of areas where future growth in geothermal electricity generation may encounter water challenges.

Schroeder, Jenna N.

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

357

Trends in the size distribution, highway use, and consumption of gasoline and diesel fuels of the U.S. Commercial Truck Fleet, 1977-2002.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focuses on various major long-range (1977-2002, 1982-2002) U.S. commercial trucking trends by using U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census Vehicle/Truck Inventory and Use Survey (VIUS/TIUS) data from this period, as well as selected 1977-2002 data from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Energy Information Administration (EIA) and the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA's) Highway Statistics. Analyses are made of (1) overall passenger vehicle versus truck consumption patterns of gasoline and diesel fuel and (2) the population growth and fuels used by all commercial truck classes and selected truck types (single unit and combination). Selected vehicle miles traveled, gallons per vehicle miles traveled, and gallons per cargo ton-miles traveled trends, as well as the effect of cargo tons per truck on fuel consumption, are also assessed. In addition, long-range trends of related factors (such as long-haul mileages driven by heavy trucks) and their impacts on both reducing fuel consumption per cargo-ton-mile and the relative shares of total commercial fuel use among truck classes were examined. Results of these trends on U.S. petroleum consumption are identified. The effects of basic engineering design and performance, national Interstate highway construction legislation, national demographic trends (such as suburbanization), and changes in U.S. corporate operational requirements are discussed. Their impacts on both the long-distance hauling and shorter-distance urban and suburban delivery markets of the commercial trucking industry are highlighted.

Bertram, K. M.; Santini, D. J.; Anderson, J. L.; Vyas, A. D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Roles of Urban Tree Canopy and Buildings in Urban Heat Island Effects: Parameterization and Preliminary Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

alongside roadways and buildings, the modified WRF-UCM is used to in- vestigate how urban trees, soil surfaces causes in- creased runoff, decreased evapotranspiration, increased solar radiation absorption

Dickerson, Russell R.

359

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey 2003 - Detailed Tables  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The tables contain information about energy consumption and expenditures in U.S. commercial buildings and information about energy-related characteristics of these buildings.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Long-term energy consumptions of urban transportation: A prospective...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangalore can significantly curb the trajectories of energy consumption and the ensuing carbon dioxide emissions, if and only if they are implemented in the framework of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

State energy data report 1995 - consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public, and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Estimates of US biofuels consumption, 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the sixth in the series of publications developed by the Energy Information Administration to quantify the amount of biofuel-derived primary energy used by the US economy. It provides preliminary estimates of 1990 US biofuels energy consumption by sector and by biofuels energy resource type. The objective of this report is to provide updated annual estimates of biofuels energy consumption for use by congress, federal and state agencies, and other groups involved in activities related to the use of biofuels. 5 figs., 10 tabs.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Constraining Energy Consumption of China's Largest Industrial Enterprises Through the Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprise Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recently. In 2005, total energy consumption reached 2,2257.5% per year, total energy consumption in 2010 will reachof Enterprises and Total Energy Consumption by Sector of the

Price, Lynn; Wang, Xuejun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Profiling an application for power consumption during execution on a compute node  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, apparatus, and products are disclosed for profiling an application for power consumption during execution on a compute node that include: receiving an application for execution on a compute node; identifying a hardware power consumption profile for the compute node, the hardware power consumption profile specifying power consumption for compute node hardware during performance of various processing operations; determining a power consumption profile for the application in dependence upon the application and the hardware power consumption profile for the compute node; and reporting the power consumption profile for the application.

Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Peters, Amanda E; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

365

Addressing the lack of Baseball Consumption amongst African Americans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This is particularly relevant to African American sport consumption, as Armstrong (2002b) suggests African Americans require a particular set of motivational factors to be present in a sport if they are to consider consumption. The current study will therefore..., it is also important to understand racial identity; for scholars suggest ?racial identification? to be an important factor influencing African American sport consumption (Armstrong 2002a; Armstrong, 2002b; Hanssen, 2001; Liu, Huand, & Minghua, 2007...

Brown, Brandon Leigh

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

366

Understanding energy consumption: Beyond technology and economics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes two years of efforts among a cross-disciplinary group of senior researchers to bring social and cultural perspectives to modeling of household energy consumption. The work has been organized by the Center for Energy Studies of the University of Geneva. The researchers represent both the physical and social sciences, several institutions and a number of countries. The initiative was based on an acknowledgement of the failure of technical and economic models to explain consumption or more importantly, how consumption patterns change. Technical and economic models most often either ignore social and cultural issues or reduce them to parameters of other variables. An important objective for the Geneva Group has been to engage modelers and social scientists in a dialogue which brings social and cultural context to the fore. The process reveals interesting insights into the frictions of cross-disciplinary interaction and the emergence of new perspectives. Various classical modeling approaches have been discussed and rejected. Gradually, a framework has emerged which says something about the appropriate institutions and actors which contribute to consumption patterns; about how they are related; and finally about how the interinstitutional relationships and the consumption patterns themselves change. A key point of convergence is that a complete understanding of energy end-use will not be possible from an analysis directed at the point of end use alone. The analysis must incorporate what happens inside institutions like manufacturers, retailers, and public policy organizations as well as how those organizations interact with consumers, including media and advertising. Progress towards a better understanding of energy consumption requires a greater engagement of social scientists with these heretofore little explored actors an relationships.

Wilhite, H.; Shove, E.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Constraining Energy Consumption of China's Largest Industrial Enterprises Through the Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprise Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China’s total primary energy consumption in 2005, along withthe industrial sector primary energy consumption was 1,416of China’s total primary energy consumption (Lin et al. ,

Price, Lynn; Wang, Xuejun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The Wealth-Consumption Ratio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive new estimates of total wealth, the returns on total wealth, and the wealth effect on consumption. We estimate the prices of aggregate risk from bond yields and stock returns using a no-arbitrage model. Using these ...

Verdelhan, Adrien Frederic

369

US WSC TX Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

an average of 77 million Btu per year, about 14% less than the U.S. average. * Average electricity consumption per Texas home is 26% higher than the national average, but...

370

US ESC TN Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

an average of 79 million Btu per year, about 12% less than the U.S. average. * Average electricity consumption for Tennessee households is 33% higher than the national average...

371

Energy Consumption Profile for Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

317 Chapter 12 Energy Consumption Profile for Energy Harvested WSNs T. V. Prabhakar, R Venkatesha.............................................................................................318 12.2 Energy Harvesting ...................................................................................318 12.2.1 Motivations for Energy Harvesting...............................................319 12

Langendoen, Koen

372

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4A. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for All Buildings, 2003 Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures per Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot (kWh)...

373

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3A. Total Electricity Consumption and Expenditures for All Buildings, 2003 All Buildings Using Electricity Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures Number of Buildings...

374

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

8A. Natural Gas Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 2 Total Natural Gas Consumption (billion cubic feet) Total Floorspace...

375

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

2A. Natural Gas Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for All Buildings, 2003 Total Natural Gas Consumption (billion cubic feet) Total Floorspace of...

376

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0A. Natural Gas Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for All Buildings, 2003 Total Natural Gas Consumption (billion cubic feet) Total Floorspace of...

377

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

7A. Natural Gas Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 1 Total Natural Gas Consumption (billion cubic feet) Total Floorspace...

378

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Table C22. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace...

379

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

380

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5A. Natural Gas Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003 Total Natural Gas Consumption (billion cubic feet) Total Floorspace of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

7A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 1 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

382

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

2A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

383

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

A. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for Sum of Major Fuels for All Buildings, 2003 Sum of Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Floorspace of...

384

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 2 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

385

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

A. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for All Buildings, 2003 Sum of Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Floorspace of Buildings (million square feet)...

386

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Sum of Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Floorspace of Buildings (million square...

387

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9A. Natural Gas Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 3 Total Natural Gas Consumption (billion cubic feet) Total Floorspace...

388

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

9A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 3 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

389

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

390

Demonstrating Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions with...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions with Next Generation Model-Based Diesel Engine Control Demonstrating Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions with Next Generation...

391

Public perceptions of energy consumption and savings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Environmental Decisions, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027; b Department of Psychology, Ohio StatePublic perceptions of energy consumption and savings Shahzeen Z. Attaria,1 , Michael L. De February 12, 2010) In a national online survey, 505 participants reported their percep- tions of energy

Kammen, Daniel M.

392

Statistical Mechanics of Money, Income, Debt, and Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical Mechanics of Money, Income, Debt, and Energy Consumption Physics Colloquium Presented in financial markets. Globally, data analysis of energy consumption per capita around the world shows@american.edu Similarly to the probability distribution of energy in physics, the probability distribution of money among

Hill, Wendell T.

393

Methodology for reconstruction of historical food consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report was written to provide the food consumption methodology to be used in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HDER) Project beyond Phase I (which ended in July 1990). In Phase I (Callaway 1992), baseline food consumption estimates (grams per day) for 10 primary food types in the original 10-county study region were derived from the 1977--1978 National Food Consumption Survey (USDA 1983). The baseline estimates were multiplied by the 1945:1977 ratios to produce consumption estimates for 1945. This ratio backcasting method used in Phase I to project consumption estimates from 1977 back to 1945 will be refined using additional USDA data to improve and document the acceptability of the ratios for deriving backcast consumption estimates. The number of food types and population groups will be expanded to provide more disaggregated estimates of food consumption. Food consumption estimates will be developed for 1945, 1951, and 1957. A database of individual diets will be created from which daily diets will be randomly selected for use in the dose model to calculate doses for reference individuals.

Anderson, D.M.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Modular Exponentiation Algorithm Analysis for Energy Consumption and Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modular Exponentiation Algorithm Analysis for Energy Consumption and Performance Lin Zhong lzhong of their complexity, parallelism and latency. Insights are found for tradeoff between energy consumption of a tree structure. For example, Figure 1.3 shows to add 5 k-bit integers together in a tree sequence. It

Zhong, Lin

395

MA STER'S THESIS Optimisation of fresh water consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MA STER'S THESIS Optimisation of fresh water consumption for Doggy AB using simulation Maja Olsson Göteborg Sweden 2005 #12;Thesis for the Degree of Master of Science Optimisation of fresh water consumption Göteborg 2005 #12;Abstract Doggy AB is the only Swedish producer of tinned pet food. In the food process

Patriksson, Michael

396

Exposing Datapath Elements to Reduce Microprocessor Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Reduce Microprocessor Energy Consumption by Mark Jerome Hampton Submitted to the Department of ElectricalExposing Datapath Elements to Reduce Microprocessor Energy Consumption by Mark Jerome Hampton B Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in partial ful llment

397

Fuel consumption model for FREFLO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

above, Biggs and Akcelik (1985) proposed a model of the following form: f = fsito + &Pr + z[apr)o o (5) where, Po = total drag power P, = inertia power a = instantaneous acceleration 8, = fuel consumption per unit power 8, = fuel consumption per... that is additional to S, P, . This component is expressed as SzaP, , where &z is considered to be a secondary efficiency parameter that relates fuel to the product of inertia power and acceleration rate, for positive accelerations. This term allows for the effects...

Rao, Kethireddipalli Srinivas

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

A Study of Individual Household Water Consumption Borg, Edwards, Kimpel A Study of Individual Household Water Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's goal is to investigate the weekly per capita indoor water use of three households in Davis, CaliforniaA Study of Individual Household Water Consumption Borg, Edwards, Kimpel A Study of Individual Household Water Consumption Maisie Borg, Orion Edwards & Sarah Kimpel Abstract Over the past several decades

Pasternack, Gregory B.

399

Energy consumption testing of innovative refrigerator-freezers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high ambient temperature of the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) and the AHAM/DOE Refrigerator-Freezer Energy Consumption Standards is intended to compensate for the lack of door openings and other heat loads. Recently published results by Meier and Jansky (1993) indicate labeled consumption overpredicting typical field consumption by 15%. In-house field studies on conventional models showed labeled consumption overpredicting by about 22%. The Refrigerator-Freezer Technology Assessment (RFTA) test was developed to more accurately predict field consumption. This test has ambient temperature and humidity, door openings, and condensation control set at levels intended to typify Canadian household conditions. It also assesses consumption at exactly defined compartment rating temperatures. Ten conventional and energy-efficient production models were laboratory tested. The RFTA results were about 30% lower than labeled. Similarly, the four innovative refrigerator-freezer models, when field tested, also had an average of 30% lower consumption than labeled. Thus, the results of the limited testing suggest that the RFTA test may be a more accurate predictor of field use. Further testing with a larger sample is recommended. Experimental results also indicated that some innovative models could save up to 50% of the energy consumption compared with similar conventional units. The technologies that contributed to this performance included dual compressors, more efficient compressors and fan motors, off-state refrigerant control valve, fuzzy logic control, and thicker insulation. The larger savings were on limited production models, for which additional production engineering is required for full marketability.

Wong, M.T.; Howell, B.T.; Jones, W.R. [Ontario Hydro Technologies, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Long, D.L. [Statistical Solutions, Mississauga, Ontario (Canada)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

400

EXPLANATION FISH CONSUMPTION ADVISORIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of fish. So, unlike organic contaminants (for example PCBs and dioxins) which concentrate in the skin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Fuel consumption prediction methodology for early stages of naval ship design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years, fuel consumption has increased in importance as a design parameter in Navy ships. Economical fuel consumption is important not only for operating cost measures but also for ship endurance tankage requirements. ...

Gheriani, Eran (Eran Y.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

One of These Homes is Not Like the Other: Residential Energy Consumption Variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

behavior patterns in which American households use energy causes wide variations in total residential energy consumption per home,

Kelsven, Phillip

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Population, Consumption & the Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, natural gas) is 66 trillion barrels of oil energy equivalent 9 Summer 2006 Energy use impacts: air related, and percentage is increasing · In China there is a transition from food & housing HEIs

Columbia University

404

Consumption conundrums unravelled  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shammas, Preindustrial Consumer. 6 Clay, Economic Expansion, p.31. 7 Berg, ‘Imitation’, ‘Pursuit’. 8 Weatherill, Consumer Behaviour; Shammas, Preindustrial Consumer; Overton et al, Production; French, Middle Sort. 9 Lemire, Force. 3 However... , historically as today, reflects a subset of the goods that people owned selected at least in part by portability but also determined by what thieves wanted either for their own use or to sell on. Thus changes over time in the composition of stolen property...

Horrell, Sara; Humphries, Jane; Sneath, Ken

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Estimation of 1945 to 1957 food consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report details the methods used and the results of the study on the estimated historic levels of food consumption by individuals in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) study area from 1945--1957. This period includes the time of highest releases from Hanford and is the period for which data are being collected in the Hanford Thyroid Disease Study. These estimates provide the food-consumption inputs for the HEDR database of individual diets. This database will be an input file in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Integrated Code (HEDRIC) computer model that will be used to calculate the radiation dose. The report focuses on fresh milk, eggs, lettuce, and spinach. These foods were chosen because they have been found to be significant contributors to radiation dose based on the Technical Steering Panel dose decision level.

Anderson, D.M.; Bates, D.J.; Marsh, T.L.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Office Buildings - Energy Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 10,998 9,933 10,998 10,643 10,998through 1996) inDecadeDecade Year-0Year Jan Feb Mar AprEnergy

407

Natural Gas Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per6.48 6.18 5.63 4.73Feet)Compressor

408

Natural Gas Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per6.48 6.18 5.63 4.73Feet)Compressor Monthly

409

Electricity Demand and Energy Consumption Management System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This project describes the electricity demand and energy consumption management system and its application to the Smelter Plant of Southern Peru. It is composted of an hourly demand-forecasting module and of a simulation component for a plant electrical system. The first module was done using dynamic neural networks, with backpropagation training algorithm; it is used to predict the electric power demanded every hour, with an error percentage below of 1%. This information allows management the peak demand before this happen, distributing the raise of electric load to other hours or improving those equipments that increase the demand. The simulation module is based in advanced estimation techniques, such as: parametric estimation, neural network modeling, statistic regression and previously developed models, which simulates the electric behavior of the smelter plant. These modules allow the proper planning because it allows knowing the behavior of the hourly demand and the consumption patterns of the plant, in...

Sarmiento, Juan Ojeda

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Applicability of daylighting computer modeling in real case studies: Comparison between measured and simulated daylight availability and lighting consumption. Building and Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this paper is published in / Une version de ce document se trouve dans : IEA (International Energy Agency) Task 21 / Annex 29: Daylight in Buildings, November 1998, 68 pp. www.nrc.ca/irc/ircpubs NRCC-42862 Subtask C: Daylighting Design Tools T21/C1-21/CAN/98-11 Applicability of Daylighting Computer Modeling in Real Case Studies: Comparison between Measured and Simulated Daylight Availability and Lighting Consumption A report of IEA SHC Task 21 / IEA ECBCS Annex 29 Daylight in Buildings Subtask C: Daylighting Design Tools Report T21/C1-21/CAN/98-11 Applicability of Daylighting Computer Modeling in Real Case Studies: Comparison between Measured and Simulated Daylight Availability and Lighting Consumption by Anca D. Galasiu * Morad R. Atif * A report of IEA SHC Task 21 / IEA ECBCS Annex 29 * National Research Council Canada, Institute for Research in Construction, Indoor Environment Research Program Subtask C: Daylighting Design Tools Report T21/C1-21/CAN/98-11 IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Programme (IEA SHC) The International Energy Agency (IEA) was established in 1974 as an autonomous agency within the framework of the Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to carry out a comprehensive program of energy cooperation among its 24 member countries and the Commission of the European Communities. An important part of the Agency's program involves collaboration in the research, development and demonstration of new energy technologies to reduce excessive reliance on imported oil, increase long-term energy security and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The IEA's R&D activities are headed by the Committee on Energy Research and Technology (CERT) and supported by a small Secretariat staff, headquartered in Paris. In addition, three Working Parties are charged with monitorin...

A. D. Atif

411

Fact #792: August 12, 2013 Energy Consumption by Sector and Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2: August 12, 2013 Energy Consumption by Sector and Energy Source, 1982 and 2012 Fact 792: August 12, 2013 Energy Consumption by Sector and Energy Source, 1982 and 2012 In the...

412

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were used to calculate the energy mix in manufacturing,of China’s total energy consumption mix. However, accuratelyof China’s total energy consumption mix. However, accurately

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

A Glance at China’s Household Consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Known for its scale, China is the most populous country with the world’s third largest economy. In the context of rising living standards, a relatively lower share of household consumption in its GDP, a strong domestic market and globalization, China is witnessing an unavoidable increase in household consumption, related energy consumption and carbon emissions. Chinese policy decision makers and researchers are well aware of these challenges and keen to promote green lifestyles. China has developed a series of energy policies and programs, and launched a wide?range social marketing activities to promote energy conservation.

Shui, Bin

2009-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

414

2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperativeA2. World liquids consumption by region, Reference

415

Hybrid modeling of industrial energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions with an application to Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

implemented in Canada, what would be the response of the industrial sector in terms of energy consumptionHybrid modeling of industrial energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions with an application for modeling industrial energy consumption, among them a series of environmental and security externalities

416

Energy Information Agency's 2003 Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey Tables  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Energy use intensities in commercial buildings vary widely and depend on activity and climate, as shown in this data table, which was derived from the Energy Information Agency's 2003 Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey.

417

Broad Initiatives/Sharp Focus- Cuts Electricity Consumption 15%  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of electrical consumption can payout in reduced energy costs. Continuous monitoring of electrical usage coupled with improvements and optimization in system(s) operations can have a favorable impact on annual operating expenditures. Further...

Gialanella, V.

418

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

A. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Census Region for Sum of Major Fuels for All Buildings, 2003 Sum of Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

419

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

C3. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity for Sum of Major Fuels for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 All Buildings* Sum of Major Fuel Consumption Number of Buildings (thousand)...

420

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Building Size for Sum of Major Fuels for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Sum of Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Floorspace of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

C7A. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Census Division for Sum of Major Fuels for All Buildings, 2003: Part 1 Sum of Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Floorspace...

422

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Census Region for Sum of Major Fuels for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Sum of Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Floorspace of...

423

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

A. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Census Division for Sum of Major Fuels for All Buildings, 2003: Part 3 Sum of Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Floorspace of...

424

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for Sum of Major Fuels for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Sum of Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Floorspace of...

425

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

C3A. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity for Sum of Major Fuels for All Buildings, 2003 All Buildings Sum of Major Fuel Consumption Number of Buildings (thousand) Floorspace...

426

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Table C8A. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Census Division for Sum of Major Fuels for All Buildings, 2003: Part 2 Sum of Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu) Total...

427

Essays on aggregate and individual consumption fluctuations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis consists of three essays on aggregate and individual consumption fluctuations. Chapter 1 develops a quantitative model to explore aggregate and individual consumption dynamics when the income process exhibits ...

Hwang, Youngjin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Web-Based Method to Generate Specific Energy Consumption Data for the Evaluation and Optimization of Building Operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

about energy consumptionand specific data especially in large building stocks?user complaints and energy consumption arerarely considered in building operation?reduction of energy consumption and operation costsas well as ensuring a high work space... consumption specific heating energy consumption buildings with additional technical usage (control room)without arithmetic mean consumption related to the heated net floor area; data measured one full year: 02-2001 to 02-2002 specific yearly energy...

Wagner, A.; Wambsgan, M.; Froehlich, S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Reducing Idle Power Consumption in Office Spaces Saves U.S. Navy in Energy Costs (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of a two-year project to demonstrate energy efficiency measures, renewable energy generation, and energy systems integration, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has identified advanced plug load controls as a promising technology for reducing energy use and related costs in the U.S. Navy's Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) office spaces.

Not Available

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Unit Testing of Energy Consumption of Software Libraries Adel Noureddine1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unit Testing of Energy Consumption of Software Libraries Adel Noureddine1,2 , Romain Rouvoy1. In this paper, we therefore introduce JalenUnit, a software framework that infers the energy consumption model, and comparing software libraries against their energy consumption. Categories and Subject Descriptors D.2

Boyer, Edmond

431

Fine-grained Energy Consumption Characterization and Modeling Catherine Mills Olschanowsky, Tajana Rosing, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fine-grained Energy Consumption Characterization and Modeling Catherine Mills Olschanowsky, Tajana of the applications in the workload affect the energy consumption of the resource. Our experiments confirm that data the performance and energy-efficiency of candidate resources. Predicting the energy consumption of an HPC resource

Simunic, Tajana

432

IEEE INFOCOM 2001 1 Investigating the Energy Consumption of a Wireless  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE INFOCOM 2001 1 Investigating the Energy Consumption of a Wireless Network Interface in an Ad and evaluation of network protocols re­ quires knowledge of the energy consumption behavior of actual wireless interfaces. But little practical information is available about the energy consumption behavior of well

433

Mobile Location Sharing: An Energy Consumption Study Ekhiotz Jon Vergara, Mihails Prihodko, Simin Nadjm-Tehrani  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mobile Location Sharing: An Energy Consumption Study Ekhiotz Jon Vergara, Mihails Prihodko, Simin- packet interval) highly influences the energy consumption of the mobile device. Our work focuses other clients' location updates (similar to pull behaviour). In order to evaluate the energy consumption and the

434

Accounting for the Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accounting for the Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Devices Pavel.S.A vinod.namboodiri@wichita.edu ABSTRACT In light of the increased awareness of global energy consumption the share of energy consumption due to these equipment over the years, these have rarely characterized

Namboodiri, Vinod

435

Domestic electricity consumption is con-tinuously increasing and now accounts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Domestic electricity consumption is con- tinuously increasing and now accounts for about one third") enable detailed electricity consumption infor- mation to be captured, processed, and communicated electricity consumption infor- mation in real-time, enabling occupants to better understand their electricity

436

Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Communication Devices Pavel Somavat1 consumption, questions are being asked about the energy contribution of computing equipment. Al- though studies have documented the share of energy consumption by this type of equipment over the years, research

Namboodiri, Vinod

437

Mathematical models of natural gas consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mathematical models of natural gas consumption Kristian Sabo, Rudolf Scitovski, Ivan of natural gas consumption Kristian Sabo, Rudolf Scitovski, Ivan Vazler , Marijana Zeki-Susac ksabo of natural gas consumption hourly fore- cast on the basis of hourly movement of temperature and natural gas

Scitovski, Rudolf

438

Power Consumption Characterization of a Graphics Processing Unit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................................... 1 ENERGY AMBIGUITY OF MODERN GRAPHICS PROCESSORS ................. 2 POWER CONSUMPTIONPower Consumption Characterization of a Graphics Processing Unit A Thesis in STS 402 Presented.....................................................................................................................VI CHAPTER ONE: THE NEED FOR A POWER CHARACTERIZATION............... 1 HISTORY OF GRAPHICS PROCESSORS

Skadron, Kevin

439

Per Capita Consumption The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Per Capita Consumption 73 The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is based to estimate per capita consumption. Data for the model are derived primarily from second- ary sources a significant effect on the resulting calculation. U.S. per capita consumption of fish and shellfish was 15

440

Per Capita Consumption The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Per Capita Consumption 73 The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is based to estimate per capita consumption. Data for the model are derived primarily from second- ary sources effect on the resulting calculation. U.S. per capita consumption of fish and shellfish was 16.0 pounds

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Per Capita Consumption The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Per Capita Consumption 73 The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is based to estimate per capita consumption. Data for the model are derived primarily from second- ary sources effect on the resulting calculation. U.S. per capita consumption of fish and shellfish was 16.5 pounds

442

Per Capita Consumption The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Per Capita Consumption 73 The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is based to estimate per capita consumption. Data for the model are derived primarily from second- ary sources effect on the resulting calculation. U.S. per capita consumption of fish and shellfish was 16.3 pounds

443

Per Capita Consumption The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Per Capita Consumption 84 The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is based to estimate per capita consumption. Data for the model are derived primarily from second- ary sources effect on the resulting calculation. U.S. per capita consumption of fish and shellfish was 16.3 pounds

444

US ENC IL Site Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael SchaalNovember 26,8,CoalThousandIL Site Consumption million

445

US ENC MI Site Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael SchaalNovember 26,8,CoalThousandIL Site Consumption

446

US ENC WI Site Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael SchaalNovember 26,8,CoalThousandIL Site Consumption120 US

447

US ESC TN Site Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael SchaalNovember 26,8,CoalThousandIL Site Consumption120 USESC

448

2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperativeA2. World liquids consumption by region, Reference case,A5.On-HighwayDAD

449

2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperativeA2. World liquids consumption by region, Reference case,A5.On-HighwayDADE

450

2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperativeA2. World liquids consumption by region, ReferenceG (2005) - Household

451

The greenhouse gases HFCs, PFCs Danish consumption and emissions, 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The greenhouse gases HFCs, PFCs and SF6 Danish consumption and emissions, 2007 Tomas Sander Poulsen AND EMISSION OF F-GASES 7 1.1.1 Consumption 7 1.1.2 Emission 7 1.1.3 Trends in total GWP contribution from F 21 4 EMISSION OF F-GASES 23 4.1.1 Emissions of HFCs from refrigerants 23 4.1.2 Emissions of HFCs from

452

Oxygen consumption by asphalt films and resulting viscosity changes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OXYGEN CONSUMPTION BY ASPHALT FILNS AND RESULTING VISCOSITY CHANGES A Thesis by FRANK LEE CARTER, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... Nay 1965 Major Subject: Chemistry OXYGEN CONSUMPTION BY ASPHALT FILMS AND RESULTING VISCOSITY CHANGES A Thesis by FRANK LEE CARTER, JR. Approved as to style and content by: (Chairm of Committee) (H o Depa ( mb ) (Membe May 1965...

Carter, Frank Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

453

Monitoring and optimization of energy consumption of base transceiver stations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The growth and development of the mobile phone network has led to an increased demand for energy by the telecommunications sector, with a noticeable impact on the environment. Monitoring of energy consumption is a great tool for understanding how to better manage this consumption and find the best strategy to adopt in order to maximize reduction of unnecessary usage of electricity. This paper reports on a monitoring campaign performed on six Base Transceiver Stations (BSs) located central Italy, with different technology, typology and technical characteristics. The study focuses on monitoring energy consumption and environmental parameters (temperature, noise, and global radiation), linking energy consumption with the load of telephone traffic and with the air conditioning functions used to cool the transmission equipment. Moreover, using experimental data collected, it is shown, with a Monte Carlo simulation based on power saving features, how the BS monitored could save energy.

Spagnuolo, Antonio; Vetromile, Carmela; Formosi, Roberto; Lubritto, Carmine

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

This paper presents a state assignment technique to reduce dynamic power consumption in finite state machines (FSM).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resulted in a significant interest in energy efficient design. Meanwhile, inte- grated-circuit densities

Pedram, Massoud

455

Nonresidential buildings energy consumption survey: 1979 consumption and expenditures. Part 2. Steam, fuel oil, LPG, and all fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents data on square footage and on total energy consumption and expenditures for commercial buildings in the contiguous United States. Also included are detailed consumption and expenditures tables for fuel oil or kerosene, liquid petroleum gas (LPG), and purchased steam. Commercial buildings include all nonresidential buildings with the exception of those where industrial activities occupy more of the total square footage than any other type of activity. 7 figures, 23 tables.

Patinkin, L.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Biomarker Testing to Estimate Under-Reported Heavy Alcohol Consumption by Persons with HIV Initiating ART in Uganda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with HIV Initiating ART in Uganda Judith A. Hahn • Mwebesaantiretroviral therapy in Uganda. Almost seven percent (persons initi- ating ART in Uganda. J. A. Hahn (&) Á J. N.

Hahn, Judith A.; Bwana, Mwebesa B.; Javors, Martin A.; Martin, Jeffrey N.; Emenyonu, Nneka I.; Bangsberg, David R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Essays on the Consumption and Investment Decisions of Households in the Presence of Housing and Human Capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Wallace, N. (2001), A real options approach to housingList of Figures Investment options in housing in the reals investment options in housing in the real world. The agent

Betermier, Sebastien

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Estimating consumption rates of juvenile sandbar sharks (Carcharhinus plumbeus) in Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, using a bioenergetics model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

error analy- sis of fish bioenergetics models. Can J. Fish.importance of activity in bioenergetics models applied toA. C. Cockcroft. 1990. Bioenergetics of fishes in a high-

Dowd, William Wesley; Brill, R W; Bushnell, P G; Musick, J A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gross world product, E is global energy consumption, Authorworld GDP, f = F/E is carbon intensity of energy consumption,

Davis, S. J; Caldeira, K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Flow shop scheduling with peak power consumption constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mar 29, 2012 ... Flow shop scheduling with peak power consumption constraints ... Keywords: scheduling, flow shop, energy, peak power consumption, integer ...

K. Fang

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Fruit and vegetable consumption in the former Soviet Union: the role of individual and community-level factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Setting: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine. Subjects: Adult survey respondents (n 17 998) aged 18–95 years. Results: Being male, increasing age, lack of education and lack of financial resources were... /d, or five servings of 80 g/d) among 80 % of people in Russia, 92 % in Kazakhstan and 55 % in Ukraine(9). Another study found that 93 % of men living in Russian Karelia consumed inadequate vitamin C, compared with only 2 % in neigh- bouring Finnish Karelia(10...

Goryakin, Yevgeniy; Rocco, Lorenzo; Suhrcke, Marc; Roberts, Bayard; McKee, Martin

2015-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

462

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for SelectedChina’s Target for Energy Intensity Reduction in 2010: Angoal of reducing energy intensity, defined as energy

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Consumption habits of pregnant women and implications for developmental biology: a survey of predominantly Hispanic women in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of bisphenol A from plastic baby bottles, baby bottle linersthe plastic additive in sippy cups and baby bottles [49,50].

Santiago, Sarah E; Park, Grace H; Huffman, Kelly J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Marketing the aesthetic encounter : the role of consumption in the design of the new Museum of Modern Art  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years, museum architecture has been extensively subjected to cultural critique. Perceived as an instance of architects' stylistic yearnings, reflecting control strategies, promoting institutions' economic and ...

Caloghirou, Christina, 1971-

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Plug-in HEVs: A Near-Term Option to Reduce Petroleum Consumption from FY05 Milestone Report (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presented to DOE management staff on September 14, 2005 at the DOE headquarters in Washington DC. Content was updated January 19, 2006 for publication. This presentation addresses plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) market and technology issues for research and development efforts.

Markel, T.; O'Keefe, M.; Simpson, A.; Gonder, J.; Brooker, A.

2006-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

466

Feeding Activity, Rate of Consumption, Daily Ration and Prey Selection of Major Predators in John Day Reservoir, 1984 : Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The extent of predation on juvenile salmonids in John Day Reservoir was determined. Salmonids were the single most important food item by weight for northern squawfish (Ptychocheilus oregonensis) in the restricted zones at McNary tailrace and John Day forebay during all sampling periods. Salmonids accounted for 18.1% of the weight in the diet of walleyes (Stizostedion vitreum vitreum) in 1984 which was at least twice that found in previous years. In smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieui) salmonids contributed little to their diet whereas for channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) fish accounted for 64.1% of the weight in their diet with salmonids responsible for approximately half of this weight. An intensive search of the fisheries literature was conducted to review various fish capture and control techniques which might have potential as predation control measures for the major predators of juvenile salmonids in the Columbia River system. Most prey protection measures were judged to have high potential and direct predator control measures were judged to have moderate or low potential.

Gray, Gerard A.; United States. Bonneville Power Administration; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; National Fishery Research Center (U.S.)

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Upregulation of Cannabinoid Type 1 Receptors in Dopamine D2 Receptor Knockout Mice Is Reversed by Chronic Forced Ethanol Consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The anatomical proximity of the cannabinoid type 1 (CNR1/CB1R) and the dopamine D2 receptors (DRD2), their ability to form CB1R-DRD2 heteromers, their opposing roles in locomotion, and their involvement in ethanol's reinforcing and addictive properties prompted us to study the levels and distribution of CB1R after chronic ethanol intake, in the presence and absence of DRD2. We monitored the drinking patterns and locomotor activity of Drd2+/+ and Drd2-/- mice consuming either water or a 20% (v/v) ethanol solution (forced ethanol intake) for 6 months and used the selective CB1 receptor antagonist [{sup 3}H]SR141716A to quantify CB1R levels in different brain regions with in vitro receptor autoradiography. We found that the lack of DRD2 leads to a marked upregulation (approximately 2-fold increase) of CB1R in the cerebral cortex, the caudate-putamen, and the nucleus accumbens, which was reversed by chronic ethanol intake. The results suggest that DRD2-mediated dopaminergic neurotransmission and chronic ethanol intake exert an inhibitory effect on cannabinoid receptor expression in cortical and striatal regions implicated in the reinforcing and addictive properties of ethanol.

Thanos, P.K.; Wang, G.; Thanos, P.K.; Gopez, V.; Delis, F.; Michaelides, M.; Grand, D.K.; Wang, G.-J.; Kunos, G.; Volkow, N.D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Rates of consumption of juvenile salmonids and alternative prey fish by northern squawfish, walleyes, smallmouth bass, and channel catfish in John Day Reservoir, Columbia River. [Ptychocheilus oregonensis; Stizostedion vitreum; Micropterus dolomieu; Ictalurus punctatus; Oncorhynchus spp  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Adult northern squawfish Ptychocheilus oregonesis, walleyes Stizostedion vitreum, smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu, and channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus were sampled from four regions of John Day Reservoir from April to August 1983-1986 to quantify their consumption of 13 species of prey fish, particularly seaward-migrating juvenile Pacific salmon and steelhead (Oncorhynchus spp.). Consumption rates were estimated from field data on stomach contents and digestion rate relations determined in previous investigations. For each predator, consumption rates varied by reservoir area, month, time of day, and predator size or age. The greatest daily consumption of salmonids by northern squawfish and channel catfish occurred in the upper end of the reservoir below McNary Dam. Greatest daily predation by walleyes and smallmouth bass occurred in the middle and lower reservoir. Consumption rates of all predators were highest in July, concurrent with maximum temperature and abundance of juvenile salmonids. Feeding by the predators tended to peak after dawn and near midnight. Northern squawfish below McNary Dam exhibited this pattern, but fed mainly in the morning hours down-reservoir. The daily ration of total prey fish was highest for northern squawfish over 451 mm fork length, for walleyes 201-250 mm, for smallmouth bass 176-200 mm, and for channel catfish 401-450 mm. Averaged over all predator sizes and sampling months (April-August), the total daily ration (fish plus other prey) of smallmouth bass was about twice that of channel catfish, northern squawfish, and walleyes. However, northern squawfish was clearly the major predator on juvenile salmonids.

Vigg, S.; Poe, T.P.; Prendergast, L.A.; Hansel, H.C. (Fish and Wildlife Service, Cook, WA (United States))

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Clathrate hydrates in frozen confections : formation by carbon dioxide flash freezing and behavior during distribution and consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbonated frozen foods are not common on the market due to the limited liquid water available to dissolve CO? . CO? clathrate hydrates can change this because CO? is trapped in crystalline water. The CO? flash-freezing ...

Peters, Teresa Baker, 1981-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 58, NO. 6, JULY 2009 2909 On Balancing Energy Consumption in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 58, NO. 6, JULY 2009 2909 On Balancing Energy--Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) require protocols that make judicious use of the limited energy capacity of the sensor nodes. In this paper, the potential performance improve- ment gained by balancing the traffic

Boutaba, Raouf

471

Study of Pu consumption in Advanced Light Water Reactors. Evaluation of GE Advanced Boiling Water Reactor plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Timely disposal of the weapons plutonium is of paramount importance to permanently safeguarding this material. GE`s 1300 MWe Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) has been designed to utilize fill] core loading of mixed uranium-plutonium oxide fuel. Because of its large core size, a single ABWR reactor is capable of disposing 100 metric tons of plutonium within 15 years of project inception in the spiking mode. The same amount of material could be disposed of in 25 years after the start of the project as spent fuel, again using a single reactor, while operating at 75 percent capacity factor. In either case, the design permits reuse of the stored spent fuel assemblies for electrical energy generation for the remaining life of the plant for another 40 years. Up to 40 percent of the initial plutonium can also be completely destroyed using ABWRS, without reprocessing, either by utilizing six ABWRs over 25 years or by expanding the disposition time to 60 years, the design life of the plants and using two ABWRS. More complete destruction would require the development and testing of a plutonium-base fuel with a non-fertile matrix for an ABWR or use of an Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor (ALMR). The ABWR, in addition, is fully capable of meeting the tritium target production goals with already developed target technology.

Not Available

1993-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

472

A Two-Phase Pressure Drop Model Incorporating Local Water Balance and Reactant Consumption in PEM Fuel Cell Gas Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), and directly affects cost and sizing of fuel cell subsystems. Within several regions of PEMFC operating Fuel Cell Gas Channels E. J. See and S. G. Kandlikar Department of Mechanical Engineering, Rochester in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). The ability to model two-phase flow and pressure drop

Kandlikar, Satish

473

FISH CONSUMPTION, METHYLMERCURY, AND HUMAN HEART DISEASE.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Environmental mercury continues to be of concern to public health advocates, both in the U.S. and abroad, and new research continues to be published. A recent analysis of potential health benefits of reduced mercury emissions has opened a new area of public health concern: adverse effects on the cardiovascular system, which could account for the bulk of the potential economic benefits. The authors were careful to include caveats about the uncertainties of such impacts, but they cited only a fraction of the applicable health effects literature. That literature includes studies of the potentially harmful ingredient (methylmercury, MeHg) in fish, as well as of a beneficial ingredient, omega-3 fatty acids or ''fish oils''. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently certified that some of these fat compounds that are primarily found in fish ''may be beneficial in reducing coronary heart disease''. This paper briefly summarizes and categorizes the extensive literature on both adverse and beneficial links between fish consumption and cardiovascular health, which are typically based on studies of selected groups of individuals (cohorts). Such studies tend to comprise the ''gold standard'' of epidemiology, but cohorts tend to exhibit a great deal of variability, in part because of the limited numbers of individuals involved and in part because of interactions with other dietary and lifestyle considerations. Note that eating fish will involve exposure to both the beneficial effects of fatty acids and the potentially harmful effects of contaminants like Hg or PCBs, all of which depend on the type of fish but tend to be correlated within a population. As a group, the cohort studies show that eating fish tends to reduce mortality, especially due to heart disease, for consumption rates up to about twice weekly, above which the benefits tend to level off. A Finnish cohort study showed increased mortality risks in the highest fish-consuming group ({approx}3 times/wk), which had mercury exposures (mean hair content of 3.9 ppm) much higher than those seen in the United States. As an adjunct to this cursory review, we also present some new ''ecological'' analyses based on international statistics on hair Hg, fish consumption, other dietary and lifestyle factors, and selected cardiovascular health endpoints. We searched for consistent differences between primarily fish-consuming nations, like Japan or the Seychelles, and others who traditionally eat much less fish , such as in central Europe, for example. We use data on cigarette sales, smoking prevalence surveys, and national lung cancer mortality rates to control for the effects of smoking on heart disease. These ecological analyses do not find significant adverse associations of either fish consumption or hair Hg with cardiovascular health; instead, there is a consistent trend towards beneficial effects, some of which are statistically significant. However, such ecological studies cannot distinguish differences due to variations in individual rates of fish consumption. We conclude that the extant epidemiological evidence does not support the existence of significant heart disease risks associated with mercury in fish, for the United States. The most prudent advice would continue to be that of maintaining a well-balanced diet, including fish or shellfish at least once per week. There may be additional benefits from fatty fish.

LIPFERT, F.W.; SULLIVAN, T.M.

2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

474

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2013 ,"Release Date:","331...

475

,"New York Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2013 ,"Release Date:","12312014"...

476

Resource Consumption of Additive Manufacturing Technology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The degradation of natural resources as a result of consumption to support the economic growth of humans society represents one of the greatest sustainability challenges.… (more)

Nopparat, Nanond

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Heavy Oil Consumption Reduction Program (Quebec, Canada)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This program helps heavy oil consumers move toward sustainable development while improving their competitive position by reducing their consumption. Financial assistance is offered to carry out...

478

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

to totals. Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey....

479

Permitting of Consumptive Uses of Water (Florida)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Local water management districts are required to establish programs and regulations to provide for the permitting of consumptive uses of water. Such permitting programs are subject to the...

480

,"Colorado Natural Gas Consumption by End Use"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Colorado Natural Gas Consumption by End Use",6,"Monthly","112014","1151989" ,"Release...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in crease consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

978-1-4244-2575-4/08/$20.00 c 2008 IEEE Node Synchronization for Minimizing Delay and Energy Consumption in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tree so that energy consumption is further reduced at the sending node, and the delay is considerably978-1-4244-2575-4/08/$20.00 c 2008 IEEE Node Synchronization for Minimizing Delay and Energy of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester NY {merlin, wheinzel

Heinzelman, Wendi

482

Total and Peak Energy Consumption Minimization of Building HVAC Systems Using Model Predictive Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optimal control design for HVAC systems,’’ in Proc. Dynamicelectricity consumption in hvac using learning- based model-algorithm design for hvac systems in energy efficient

Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

DYNAMIC MANAGEMENT OF POWER CONSUMPTION Tajana Simunic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the system and decides when and how to force power state transitions. The power manager makes state transition decisions according to the power management policy. The choice of the policy that minimizes powerChapter 1 DYNAMIC MANAGEMENT OF POWER CONSUMPTION Tajana Simunic HP Labs Abstract Power consumption

Simunic, Tajana

484

E-Print Network 3.0 - administration gasohol consumption Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

have compulsory mandates... in gasohol consumption in the second ... Source: Louisiana Forest Products Development Center Collection: Renewable Energy 6 Statistical Data...

485

Constraining Energy Consumption of China's Largest Industrial Enterprises Through the Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprise Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Daily, 2007. Energy consumption per unit GDP down 1.23%increase in energy use per unit of GDP after 2002 following2006, the energy consumption per unit of GDP declined 1.23%

Price, Lynn; Wang, Xuejun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

A Simple Method to Continuous Measurement of Energy Consumption of Tank Less Gas Water Heaters for Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy consumptions of hot water supply in restaurants or residential houses are large amount, guidelines for optimal design are not presented. measurements of energy consumption of tank less gas water heaters very difficult unless gas flow meters...

Yamaha, M.; Fujita, M.; Miyoshi, T.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Energy Consumption Characterization and Reduction Strategies for Milling Machine Tool Use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strategies for Green Manufacturing, in: Proceedings of theGreen Machine Tools; Energy Consumption Reduction; Specific Energy Characterization INTRODUCTION A product undergoes three life-cycle stages: manufacturing,

Diaz, Nancy; E. Redelsheimer; Dornfeld, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

E-Print Network 3.0 - assess consumption relative Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

aa ssppaattiiaall aanndd Summary: and consumption will occur in the next ten years. The paper is organized as follows. Firstly, Section l assessed... resource use....

489

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute alcohol consumption Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Medicine 9 Role of Fyn Tyrosine Kinase in Ethanol Consumption Michael S. Cowen, Gunter Schumann, Takeshi Yagi, and Rainer Spanagel Summary: ) Initial sensitivity, acute...

490

Field usage and its impact on energy consumption of refrigerator/freezers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study investigated the effect of door openings and kitchen environment on the energy consumption of nine household refrigerator/freezers (R/Fs) in the field. The factors under consideration include fresh food and freezer door openings, length of door openings, ambient kitchen temperature, and kitchen relative humidity (RH). Average daily energy consumption for the nine units ranged from 1.7 to 5.3 kWh/day. Energy consumption was found to correlate with kitchen temperature and the number of door openings. No dependence on kitchen relative humidity was found. In general, the magnitude of the door opening component of energy consumption was higher for the more efficient units.

Gage, C.L. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States). Air Pollution Prevention and Control Div.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

491

978-1-4244-4439-7/09/$25.00 c 2009 IEEE Minimizing Energy Consumption by Power-Efficient Radio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

978-1-4244-4439-7/09/$25.00 c 2009 IEEE Minimizing Energy Consumption by Power-Efficient Radio herve.rivano@sophia.inria.fr Abstract In this paper, we investigate on minimizing the energy consumption a piecewise linear convex function that pro- vides a good approximation of the energy consumption on the links

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

492

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"3292015 10:04:17 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3035NM2" "Date","New...

493

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"3292015 10:01:29 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010NM2" "Date","New...

494

,"New York Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"182015 12:45:53 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010NY2" "Date","New...

495

,"New York Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"182015 12:47:17 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3035NY2" "Date","New York...

496

Continuous Improvement Energy Projects Reduce Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Continuous Improvement Energy Projects Reduce Energy Consumption Eric Niemeyer, Operations Superintendent Drilling Specialties Company A division of Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP ESL-IE-14-05-31 Proceedings of the Thrity...

Niemeyer, E.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

US SoAtl VA Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

an average of 86 million Btu per year, about 4% less than the U.S. average. * Average electricity consumption and costs are higher for Virginia households than the national...

498

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

sum to totals. Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey....

499

Essays on consumption cycles and corporate finance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption . . . . . 1.5.3 EIS and the timing of durablefor the CRRA case (? = 2, EIS = 0.5). The right and leftof intertemporal substitution (EIS). When the economy is

Issler, Paulo Floriano

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Using occupancy to reduce energy consumption of buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meter allows us to study the energy consumption patterns onThis allows us to study the energy consumption of individualgives us a good framework to study the energy consumption

Balaji, Bharathan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z