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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

are on average largely unperturbed. We con-clude that the observed changes in relaxation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is substantially disordered (27), and NMR measurements in solution re- veal dynamic behavior (35). By contrast in dynamic flexibility could reflect an increased population of more extended structures in the ensemble determinants of the kinetics of the folding process (29, 30). Al- though the folding of small proteins is domi

Guttman, David S.

2

Consumption Behavior in Investment/Consumption Problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter we study the consumption behavior of an agent in the dynamic framework of consumption/investment decision making that allows the presence of a subsistence consumption level and the possibility of ...

E. L. Presman

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Rice consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RICE CONSUMPTION IN CHINA A Thesis by JIN LAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1989 Major Subject: Agricultural... Economics RICE CONSUMPTION IN CHINA A Thesis by JIN LAN Approved as to style and content by: E, We ey F. Peterson (Chair of Committee) James E. Christiansen (Member) Carl Shaf (Member) Daniel I. Padberg (Head of Department) August 1989...

Lan, Jin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

4

Spermatophore consumption in a cephalopod  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Animal behaviour 1001 14 70 Spermatophore consumption in a cephalopod Benjamin J. Wegener...provide evidence of ejaculate and sperm consumption in a cephalopod. Through labelling...combination of female spermatophore consumption and short-term external sperm storage...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Reduced Energy Consumption for Melting in Foundries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reduced Energy Consumption for Melting in Foundries Ph.D. Thesis by Søren Skov-Hansen Supervisor-melted, and hence reduce the energy consumption for melting in foundries. Traditional gating systems are known

6

Monitoring Energy Consumption In Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monitoring Energy Consumption In Wireless Sensor Networks Matthias Witt, Christoph Weyer, it may impair the ability of the sensor network to function. Therefore, minimizing energy consumption energy consumption in both standby and active modes is the basis of wireless networks. Energy preserving

Turau, Volker

7

Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Electricity...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electricity Usage in India's Housing Sector SERIES: Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis Electricity Usage in India's Housing Sector Release date: November 7, 2014...

8

Energy Consumption in Access Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a comparison of energy consumption of access networks. We consider passive optical networks, fiber to the node, point-to-point optical systems and WiMAX. Optical access...

Baliga, Jayant; Ayre, Robert; Sorin, Wayne V; Hinton, Kerry; Tucker, Rodney S

9

Advertising in Markets with Consumption Externalities.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This paper extends the entry deterrence literature by examining coordinating advertising in markets with consumption externalities using a stochastic success function. Optimal advertising and pricing… (more)

Whelan, Adele

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Trends in Renewable Energy Consumption and Electricity  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Presents a summary of the nation’s renewable energy consumption in 2010 along with detailed historical data on renewable energy consumption by energy source and end-use sector. Data presented also includes renewable energy consumption for electricity generation and for non-electric use by energy source, and net summer capacity and net generation by energy source and state. The report covers the period from 2006 through 2010.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Energy Consumption of Minimum Energy Coding in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption of Minimum Energy Coding in CDMA Wireless Sensor Networks Benigno Zurita Ares://www.ee.kth.se/control Abstract. A theoretical framework is proposed for accurate perfor- mance analysis of minimum energy coding energy consumption is analyzed for two coding schemes proposed in the literature: Minimum Energy coding

Johansson, Karl Henrik

12

Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Building Operations and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Building Operations and Weather for a Medium between predicted and actual building energy consumption can be attributed to uncertainties introduced in energy consumption due to actual weather and building operational practices, using a simulation

13

Coal consumption and economic growth in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to re-examine the relationship between coal consumption and real GDP of China with the use of panel data. This paper applies modern panel data techniques to help shed light on the importance of the heterogeneity among different regions within China. Empirical analyses are conducted for the full panel as well as three subgroups of the panel. The empirical results show that coal consumption and GDP are both I(1) and cointegrated in all regional groupings. Heterogeneity is found in the GDP equation of the full panel. The regional causality tests reveal that the coal consumption–GDP relationship is bidirectional in the Coastal and Central regions whereas causality is unidirectional from GDP to coal consumption in the Western region. Thus, energy conservation measures will not adversely affect the economic growth of the Western region but such measures will likely encumber the economy of the Coastal and Central regions, where most of the coal intensive industries are concentrated.

Raymond Li; Guy C.K. Leung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Organotin intake through fish consumption in Finland  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Background: Organotin compounds (OTCs) are a large class of synthetic chemicals with widely varying properties. Due to their potential adverse health effects, their use has been restricted in many countries. Humans are exposed to OTCs mostly through fish consumption. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe OTC exposure through fish consumption and to assess the associated potential health risks in a Finnish population. Methods: An extensive sampling of Finnish domestic fish was carried out in the Baltic Sea and freshwater areas in 2005-2007. In addition, samples of imported seafood were collected in 2008. The chemical analysis was performed in an accredited testing laboratory during 2005-2008. Average daily intake of the sum of dibutyltin (DBT), tributyltin (TBT), triphenyltin (TPhT) and dioctyltin (DOT) ({Sigma}OTCs) for the Finnish population was calculated on the basis of the measured concentrations and fish consumption rates. Results: The average daily intake of {Sigma}OTCs through fish consumption was 3.2 ng/kg bw day{sup -1}, which is 1.3% from the Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI) of 250 ng/kg bw day{sup -1} set by the European Food Safety Authority. In total, domestic wild fish accounted for 61% of the {Sigma}OTC intake, while the intake through domestic farmed fish was 4.0% and the intake through imported fish was 35%. The most important species were domestic perch and imported salmon and rainbow trout. Conclusions: The Finnish consumers are not likely to exceed the threshold level for adverse health effects due to OTC intake through fish consumption.

Airaksinen, Riikka, E-mail: Riikka.Airaksinen@thl.fi [National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Environmental Health, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701 Kuopio (Finland)] [National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Environmental Health, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701 Kuopio (Finland); Rantakokko, Panu; Turunen, Anu W.; Vartiainen, Terttu [National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Environmental Health, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701 Kuopio (Finland)] [National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Environmental Health, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701 Kuopio (Finland); Vuorinen, Pekka J.; Lappalainen, Antti; Vihervuori, Aune [Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Helsinki (Finland)] [Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Helsinki (Finland); Mannio, Jaakko [Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki (Finland)] [Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki (Finland); Hallikainen, Anja [Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Helsinki (Finland)] [Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Helsinki (Finland)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

15

Medium consumption in holographic memories  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dynamic range of holographic storage media is traditionally characterized in terms of M/#. However, this is a system parameter that assumes simple, uniform plane-wave...

Ayres, Mark R; McLeod, Robert R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Today in Energy - commercial consumption & efficiency  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Short, timely articles with graphs about recent commercial consumption and efficiency issues and trends.

2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption This report presents an analysis of residential natural gas consumption trends in the United States through 2009 and analyzes consumption trends for the United States as a whole (1990 through 2009) and for each Census Division (1998 through 2009). It examines a long-term downward per- customer consumption trend and analyzes whether this trend persists across Census Divisions. The report also examines some of the factors that have contributed to the decline in per-customer consumption. To provide a more meaningful measure of per-customer consumption, EIA adjusted consumption data presented in the report for weather. Questions or comments on the contents of this article should be directed to Lejla Alic at Lejla.Alic@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-0858.

18

Getting to Green: Understanding Resource Consumption in the Home  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Getting to Green: Understanding Resource Consumption in the Home Marshini Chetty, David Tran managing their domestic resource consumption. Yet, the question of what tools Ubicomp researchers can and natural gas systems in the home. We find that in-the- moment resource consumption is mostly invisible

Grinter, Rebecca Elizabeth

19

Optimal consumption policies in illiquid markets Alessandra Cretarola1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal consumption policies in illiquid markets Alessandra Cretarola1) , Fausto Gozzi1) , Huy Abstract We investigate optimal consumption policies in the liquidity risk model intro- duced in [5]. Our main result is to derive smoothness C1 results for the value functions of the portfolio/consumption

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

20

Energy Consumption in Coded Queues for Wireless Information Exchange  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption in Coded Queues for Wireless Information Exchange Jasper Goseling, Richard J customers. We use this relation to ob- tain bounds on the energy consumption in a wireless information, for example, from the observations in [3] that using network coding can reduce the energy consumption

Boucherie, Richard J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Minimizing Energy Consumption in Body Sensor Networks via Convex Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimizing Energy Consumption in Body Sensor Networks via Convex Optimization Sidharth Nabar energy consumption while limiting the latency in data transfer. In this paper, we focus on polling energy consumption and latency. We show that this problem can be posed as a geometric program, which

Poovendran, Radha

22

Optimal consumption policies in illiquid markets Alessandra Cretarola1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal consumption policies in illiquid markets Alessandra Cretarola1) , Fausto Gozzi1) , HuyĂŞn optimal consumption policies in the liquidity risk model intro- duced in [5]. Our main result is to derive smoothness C1 results for the value functions of the portfolio/consumption choice problem. As an important

Pham, HuyĂŞn

23

GENETIC HEURISTICS FOR REDUCING MEMORY ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN EMBEDDED SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENETIC HEURISTICS FOR REDUCING MEMORY ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Maha IDRISSI AOUAD.loria.fr/zendra Keywords: Energy consumption reduction, Genetic heuristics, memory allocation management, optimizations on heuristic methods for SPMs careful management in order to reduce memory energy consumption. We propose

Schott, René - Institut de Mathématiques �lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

24

Optimization of Energy and Water Consumption in Cornbased Ethanol Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimization of Energy and Water Consumption in Corn­based Ethanol Plants Elvis Ahmetovi). First, we review the major alternatives in the optimization of energy consumption and its impact for the water streams. We show that minimizing energy consumption leads to process water networks with minimum

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

25

Groundwater Consumption by Phreatophytes in Mid-Continent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Groundwater Consumption by Phreatophytes in Mid-Continent Stream-Aquifer Systems Gerard Kluitenberg. · Consumption of ground water by phreatophytes also a factor of potential importance. · Extensive control-water consumption by phreatophytes needed to: Introduction/Background · Clarify factors contributing to low

Hernes, Peter J.

26

Power Consumption Prediction and Power-Aware Packing in Consolidated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Consumption Prediction and Power-Aware Packing in Consolidated Environments Jeonghwan Choi the power consumption of groups of colocated applications. Such characterization is crucial for effective prediction and enforcement of appropriate limits on power consumption--power budgets--within the data center

Urgaonkar, Bhuvan

27

Power consumption optimization in multi-mode mobile relay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power consumption optimization in multi-mode mobile relay C´edric L´evy-Bencheton #1 , Guillaume-mode can reduce terminal power consumption. Software Defined Radio is an enabler towards multi through relays, is another solution to reduce power consumption. We look at multi-mode relaying, where

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

28

Optimizing Communication Energy Consumption in Perpetual Wireless Nanosensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimizing Communication Energy Consumption in Perpetual Wireless Nanosensor Networks Shahram}@cs.odu.edu Abstract--This paper investigates the effect of various param- eters of energy consumption. Finding the optimum combination of parameters to minimize energy consumption while satisfying the Qo

Weigle, Michele

29

Pricing Conspicuous Consumption Products in Recession Periods ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conspicuous consumptions products as luxury cars, designer brands, and fancy hotel rooms .... mand D is driven by the brand image and the pricing strategy p.

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

30

Recent highlights in antimalarial drug resistance and chemotherapy research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

postulated to be the target of several microbicides in- cluding triclosan and thiolactomycin [6]. Groups led

Symington, Lorraine S.

31

The impact of retirement on household consumption in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using monthly data from the Japanese Family Income and Expenditure Survey, we examine the impact of retirement on household consumption. We find little evidence of an immediate change in consumption at retirement, on average, in Japan. However, we find a decrease in consumption at retirement for low income households that is concentrated in food and work-related consumption. The availability of substantial retirement bonuses to a large share of Japanese retirees may help smooth consumption at retirement. We find that those households that are more likely to receive such bonuses experience a short-run consumption increase at retirement. However, among households that are less likely to receive a retirement bonus, we find that consumption decreases at retirement.

Melvin Stephens Jr.; Takashi Unayama

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China, 2008,The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andfor Residential Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou,

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid: A Non-Cooperative Game Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Game- Theoretic Energy Consumption Scheduling for theIn this paper, energy consumption scheduling based on non-Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid: A Non-

Ma, Kai; Hu, Guoqiang; Spanos, Costas J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andof Residential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan ZhouResidential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou*,

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Cost and Energy Consumption Optimization of Product Manufacture in a Flexible Manufacturing System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selection for Energy Consumption Reduction in Machining,Dornfeld, D. (2011): Energy Consumption Characterization and2011): Unit Process Energy Consumption Models for Material

Diaz, Nancy; Dornfeld, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Modeling energy consumption of residential furnaces and boilers in U.S. homes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY CONSUMPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ENERGY CONSUMPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 ENERGY CONSUMPTION

Lutz, James; Dunham-Whitehead, Camilla; Lekov, Alex; McMahon, James

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Attitude, motivation, and consumption of seafood in Bacninh province, Vietnam .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study applies the theory planed behavior (TPB - Ajzen, 1991) to investigate the general antecedents of seafood consumption in Bacninh province of Vietnam. The… (more)

Thom, Nguyen Tien

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Oxygen consumption of bovine granulosa cells in vitro.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The oxygen consumption rate of granulosa cells is considered to be a key determinant of oocyte oxygenation in follicles. The oxygen status of the oocyte… (more)

Li, Dongxing

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Appliance Energy Consumption in Australia | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Appliance Energy Consumption in Australia Appliance Energy Consumption in Australia Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Appliance Energy Consumption in Australia Focus Area: Appliances & Equipment Topics: Policy Impacts Website: www.energyrating.gov.au/resources/program-publications/?viewPublicatio Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/appliance-energy-consumption-australi DeploymentPrograms: Industry Codes & Standards Regulations: Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling The document sets out the equations necessary to calculate the star rating index for appliances that carry an energy label in Australia. Equations for new air conditioner and refrigerator algorithms from April 2010 are included. Televisions, which have carried a mandatory energy label from

40

The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the total primary energy consumption in 2000. Furthermore,The Commercial Primary Energy Consumption by Sector GDP

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Reducing Occupant-Controlled Electricity Consumption in Campus Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010 Reducing Occupant-Controlled Electricity Consumption in Campus Buildings Kill­09 and is expected to spend more than $17.1 million in 2009­10. In an effort to reduce electricity consumption; 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY UC Berkeley spent $16.39 million on purchased electricity in 2008

Doudna, Jennifer A.

42

Tuning Fuzzy Logic Controllers for Energy Efficiency Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- tems 1 Introduction In EU countries, primary energy consumption in build- ings represents about 40Tuning Fuzzy Logic Controllers for Energy Efficiency Consumption in Buildings R. Alcal´a DECSAI 18071 ­ Granada, Spain e-mail: A.Gonzalez@decsai.ugr.es Abstract In EU countries, primary energy consump

Casillas Barranquero, Jorge

43

IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 42, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2007 2745 A 14-mW 6.25-Gb/s Transceiver in 90-nm CMOS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USA (e-mail: jp@rambus.com). J. Eyles was with Rambus, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC 27514 USA. He is now. The transceiver em- ploys a number of features for reducing power consumption, in- cluding a shared LC-PLL clock, 2007. J. Poulton, R. Palmer, A. M. Fuller, and T. Greer are with Rambus, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC 27514

Palermo, Sam

44

On Achieving Balanced Power Consumption in Software Pipelined Loops #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The benchmarks are executed on the Wattch power simulator. In comparison to the original (powerOn Achieving Balanced Power Consumption in Software Pipelined Loops # Hongbo Yang Dept of ECE Univ@capsl.udel.edu ABSTRACT While a significant body of work in compilers has been de­ voted to reducing energy consumption

Gao, Guang R.

45

Table 3.5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2002;" 5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2002;" " Level: National Data and Regional Totals; " " Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," "," "," "," "," "," "," ","Waste"," ",," " " "," "," ","Blast"," "," ","Pulping Liquor"," ","Oils/Tars","RSE" "NAICS"," "," ","Furnace/Coke","Waste","Petroleum","or","Wood Chips,","and Waste","Row"

46

GreenSlot: Scheduling Energy Consumption in Green Datacenters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GreenSlot: Scheduling Energy Consumption in Green Datacenters Íñigo Goiri UPC/BSC and Rutgers Univ grid (as a backup). GreenSlot predicts the amount of solar energy that will be available in the near future, and schedules the workload to maximize the green energy consumption while meet- ing the jobs

47

Energy Consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated the relationship between electrical power consumption per capita and GDP per capita in 130 countries using the data reported by World Bank. We found that an electrical power consumption per capita...

Aki-Hiro Sato

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Fuel consumption rate in a heat-powered unit analyzed as a function of the temperature and consumption ratio of the air  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analysis of fuel consumption for a heat-powered unit in the ... of ceramic materials is given. The heat consumption rate is analyzed as a function of ... generating the working medium, and of the consumption r...

N. A. Tyutin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Smoothing consumption across households and time : essays in development economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis studies two strategies that households may use to keep their consumption smooth in the face of fluctuations in income and expenses: credit (borrowing and savings) and insurance (state contingent transfers between ...

Kinnan, Cynthia Georgia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Energy Consumption Patterns of the Rural Photovoltaic Market In Spain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an analysis of the energy consumption of photovoltaic-powered rural dwellings in a representative region of Spain. We have measured the actual consumed electrical energy in several dwelling...

A. Krenzinger; M. Montero

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Sustainable Aspects of Electricity Consumption in Klang Valley  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recently, energy crisis is considered a global issue and the demand for an urgent solution seems inevitable. Residential buildings consume nearly one third of Total National Energy Consumption. Studies show that a significant part of energy use can be avoided through occupants’ awareness about energy consumption. In order to discover and understand energy use of Malaysian residents, this paper has identified the residential electricity use behavior and its determinants by an empirical study. The results showed that out of the six introduced \\{IVs\\} of the regression model to predict the electricity consumption behavior only three predictors can significantly contribute to the model.

Nehzat Jalalkamali; Mohamed Yusoff Abbas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Research on Building Energy Consumption Situation in Shanghai  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for building energy-saving. REFERENCES [1] Weiding Long. A consider on strategy of building energy-saving in China. HV&AC, 2005, (35):1-8.(In Chinese) [2] Energy Information Administration, Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. http: //www... for building energy-saving. REFERENCES [1] Weiding Long. A consider on strategy of building energy-saving in China. HV&AC, 2005, (35):1-8.(In Chinese) [2] Energy Information Administration, Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. http: //www...

Yang, X.; Tan, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Trends in worldwide ICT electricity consumption from 2007 to 2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Information and Communication Technology (ICT) devices and services are becoming more and more widespread in all aspects of human life. Following an increased worldwide focus on the environmental impacts of energy consumption in general, there is also a growing attention to the electricity consumption associated with ICT equipment. In this paper we assess how ICT electricity consumption in the use phase has evolved from 2007 to 2012 based on three main ICT categories: communication networks, personal computers, and data centers. We provide a detailed description of how we calculate the electricity use and evolution in these three categories. Our estimates show that the yearly growth of all three individual ICT categories (10%, 5%, and 4%, respectively) is higher than the growth of worldwide electricity consumption in the same time frame (3%). The relative share of this subset of ICT products and services in the total worldwide electricity consumption has increased from about 3.9% in 2007 to 4.6% in 2012. We find that the absolute electricity consumption of each of the three categories is still roughly equal. This highlights the need for energy-efficiency research across all these domains, rather than focusing on a single one.

Ward Van Heddeghem; Sofie Lambert; Bart Lannoo; Didier Colle; Mario Pickavet; Piet Demeester

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Assessing the Environmental Impacts of Freshwater Consumption in LCA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assessing the Environmental Impacts of Freshwater Consumption in LCA ... Therefore, the consideration of water consumption is crucial in life-cycle assessment (LCA) studies that include water-intensive products, such as agricultural goods. ... Despite the relevance of freshwater to human health and ecosystem quality, the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology is lacking comprehensive approaches to evaluate the environmental impacts associated with water use (e.g., ref 2). ...

Stephan Pfister; Annette Koehler; Stefanie Hellweg

2009-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

55

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E. Kahn (2011). Electricity Consumption and Durable Housing:49 3.3.3. Pre-installation electricity consumption of CSIon Electricity Consumption .

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

The nexus between electricity consumption and economic growth in Bahrain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper explores the relationship between electricity consumption, foreign direct investment, capital and economic growth in the case of the Kingdom of Bahrain. The Cobb–Douglas production is used over the period of 1980Q1–2010Q4. We have applied the ARDL bounds testing approach and found that cointegration exists among the series. Electricity consumption, foreign direct investment and capital add in economic growth. The VECM Granger causality analysis has exposed the feedback effect between electricity consumption and economic growth and the same is true for foreign direct investment and electricity consumption. This study suggests government authorities to explore new sources of energy to achieve sustainable economic development for the long run.

Helmi Hamdi; Rashid Sbia; Muhammad Shahbaz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou,Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China* Nan Zhou, 1whether and how the energy consumption trend can be changed

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

accounting for 79% of non-biomass energy consumption in2000 and 2020. Biomass, the leading energy source in thehigh reliance on biomass for rural energy consumption as

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Electricity Consumption of Pumps in Heat Exchanging Stations of DH Systems in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study analyzed the current electricity consumption of heating exchanging stations in China. By...

Lei Dong; JianJun Xia; Yi Jiang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Consumption Patterns and In Vitro Resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae to Fluoroquinolones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Epidemiology and Surveillance Consumption Patterns and In Vitro Resistance of...Belgium This article analyzes patterns of consumption of fluoroquinolones and documents the...time. The volume of fluoroquinolone consumption has fallen consistently since 2003...

Steven Simoens; Jan Verhaegen; Pascal van Bleyenbergh; Willy E. Peetermans; Marc Decramer

2011-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i n g s 2.1 Total Energy Consumption i n Japan's Residentialhouses. 2.1 Total Energy Consumption in Japan's Residentialorder to reduce total energy consumption. Figure 2 suggests

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

roughly 2.7% of total US energy consumption. The final tworoughly 1.5% of total US energy consumption. The final twoSpace Conditioning Energy Consumption in US Buildings Annual

Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Building Operations and Weather for a Medium-Size Office Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Buildingand actual building energy consumption can be attributed touncertainties in energy consumption due to actual weather

Wang, Liping

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monitoring of Direct Energy Consumption in Long-Term2007. “Constraining Energy Consumption of China’s LargestProgram: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household Surveys Speaker(s): Essel Ben Hagan Date: July 12, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Robert Van Buskirk Galen Barbose As part of activities to develop refrigerator efficiency standards regulations in Ghana, a national survey on the energy consumption of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers has been conducted. The survey covered 1000 households in urban, peri-urban and rural communities in various parts of the country. The survey found that, on average, refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers in Ghana use almost three times what is allowed by minimum efficiency standards in the U.S., and a few refrigerators had energy use at levels almost ten times the U.S.

66

Appliance Standby Power and Energy Consumption in South African Households  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Appliance Standby Power and Energy Consumption in South African Households Appliance Standby Power and Energy Consumption in South African Households Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Appliance Standby Power and Energy Consumption in South African Households Focus Area: Appliances & Equipment Topics: Policy Impacts Website: active.cput.ac.za/energy/web/DUE/DOCS/422/Paper%20-%20Shuma-Iwisi%20M. Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/appliance-standby-power-and-energy-co Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance A modified engineering model is proposed to estimate standby power and energy losses in households. The modified model accounts for the randomness of standby power and energy losses due to unpredicted user appliance operational behavior.

67

Model for electric energy consumption in eastern Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical energy consumption in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia is modeled as a function of weather data, global solar radiation, population, and gross domestic product per capita. Five years of data have been used to develop the energy consumption model. Variable selection in the regression model is carried out by using the general stepping-regression technique. Model adequacy is determined from a residual analysis technique. Model validation aims to determine if the model will function successfully in its intended operating field. In this regard, new energy consumption data for a sixth year are collected, and the results predicted by the regression model are compared with the new data set. Finally, the sensitivity of the model is examined. It is found that the model is strongly influenced by the ambient temperature.

Al-Garni, A.Z.; Al-Nassar, Y.N.; Zubair, S.M.; Al-Shehri, A. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Reducing Power Consumption in Backbone Luca Chiaraviglio, Marco Mellia, Fabio Neri  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reducing Power Consumption in Backbone Networks Luca Chiaraviglio, Marco Mellia, Fabio Neri Dip. di studies, the power consumption of the Internet accounts for up to 10% of the worldwide energy consumption, and several initiatives are being put into place to reduce the power consumption of the ICT sector in general

Mellia, Marco

69

Consumption of Imipenem Correlates with ?-Lactam Resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Microbiology ARTICLE CLINICAL THERAPEUTICS Consumption of Imipenem Correlates with b-Lactam...from 1997 to 2000, we monitored the consumption of b-lactam and other antibiotics...Partial correlation coefficients between consumption and resistance rates were determined...

Philipp M. Lepper; Eberhard Grusa; Helga Reichl; Josef Högel; Matthias Trautmann

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Consumption patterns, complexity and enrichment in aquatic food chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...22 May 1998 research-article Consumption patterns, complexity and enrichment...patterns resembling ratio-dependent consumption. However, whereas the prey-dependent...prey-dependent|enrichment|omnivory| Consumption patterns, complexity and enrichment...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Nodes Placement for reducing Energy Consumption in Multimedia Transmissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

quality of multimedia traffic. Index Terms--Wireless Sensor Networks, Multimedia, Energy Saving, Quality on the energy saving by extending the lifetime of the network up to more than 15% while preserving video qualityNodes Placement for reducing Energy Consumption in Multimedia Transmissions Pasquale Pace Valeria

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

72

Optimization of Water Consumption in Second Generation Bioethanol Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the treatment and recycling of wastewater. 7 In the recent past systematic methods for minimizing water of the ethanol production processes are designed by determining water consumption, reuse and recycle and wastewater treatment an important topic with new economic incentives for implementing technologies

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

73

Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Electricity...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

usage in a developing country. Relationships between these factors are important for energy planning in India and around the globe. Just as electrification was a huge undertaking...

74

Gendered production and consumption in rural Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...all come into play in political campaigns and the voting booth...differences in financial risk aversion and career choices...Gine X Yang D ( 2009 ) Insurance, credit, and technology...Movements: Transforming Political Landscapes ( Cambridge...

Michael Kevane

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Reducing Energy Consumption in Industrial Facilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

modulate to match a reduced load. For example, assume a building has a 20% load reduction. If it is a reheat system, then there is tco much supply air. What can be done? Law Investment - Slow fan by 20%, save almost 50% in fan horsepower, eliminate... modulate to match a reduced load. For example, assume a building has a 20% load reduction. If it is a reheat system, then there is tco much supply air. What can be done? Law Investment - Slow fan by 20%, save almost 50% in fan horsepower, eliminate...

Whalen, J. M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Proceedings: Cases in Sustainable Consumption and Production: Workshop of the Sustainable Consumption Research Exchange (SCORE!) Network, supported by the EU's 6th  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Proceedings: Cases in Sustainable Consumption and Production: Workshop of the Sustainable Consumption Research Exchange (SCORE!) Network, supported by the EU's 6th Framework Program, Paris, 4-5 June

77

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Trends in Energy Consumption and Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption and Energy Sources - Part 1 Energy Consumption and Energy Sources - Part 1 Part 2. Energy Intensity Data Tables Total Energy Consumption Consumption by Energy Source Background: Site and Primary Energy Trends in Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Part 1. Energy Consumption The CBECS collects energy consumption statistics from energy suppliers for four major energy sources—electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and district heat—and collects information from the sampled buildings on the use of the four major sources and other energy sources (e.g., district chilled water, solar, wood). Energy consumed in commercial buildings is a significant fraction of that consumed in all end-use sectors. In 2000, about 17 percent of total energy was consumed in the commercial sector. Total Energy Consumption

78

Proceedings: Cases in Sustainable Consumption and Production: Workshop of the Sustainable Consumption Research Exchange (SCORE!) Network, supported by the EU's 6th  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Proceedings: Cases in Sustainable Consumption and Production: Workshop of the Sustainable Consumption Research Exchange (SCORE!) Network, supported by the EU's 6th Framework Program, Paris, 4-5 June. The environmental excise duty has resulted in considerable change in the patterns of consumption of cars

79

Power consumption in gas-inducing-type mechanically agitated contactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power consumption was measured in 0.57, 1.0, and 1.5 m i.d. gas inducing type of mechanically agitated contactors (GIMAC) using single and multiple impellers. The ratio of impeller diameter to vessel diameter was varied in the range of 0.13 < D/T < 0.59. The effect of liquid submergence from the top and impeller clearance from the vessel bottom was investigated in detail. In the case of multiple impeller systems, six different designs were investigated. The designs included pitched blade downflow turbine (PBTD), pitched blade upflow turbine (PBTU), downflow propeller (PD), upflow propeller (PU), straight bladed turbine (SBT) and disc turbine (DT). The effect of interimpeller clearance was studied for the multiple impeller system. The effect of impeller speed was studied in the range of 0.13 < N < 13.5 rotations/s. A mathematical model has been developed for power consumption before and after the onset of gas induction.

Saravanan, K.; Mundale, V.D.; Patwardhan, A.W.; Joshi, J.B. [Univ. of Bombay (India). Dept. of Chemical Technology] [Univ. of Bombay (India). Dept. of Chemical Technology

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The importance of population growth in future commercial energy consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper estimates the contribution of population growth to commercial energy consumption, which is considered a major cause of increases in air pollution and greenhouse gases. This paper first summarizes some of the recent estimates of future energy use developed by well-known models. It then develops several alternative scenarios that use different assumptions about population growth and energy use per capita for 122 countries for the years 2020 and 2050. It calculates the relative contribution of population growth to the change in total commercial energy use and demonstrates the sensitivity of the results to different assumptions. Individual country data are separately summed to totals for more-developed countries (MDCs) and less-developed countries (LDCs). Under a business as usual scenario for both MDCs and LDCs, population growth is important, but not the most important factor, in future increases in global energy consumption. Analysis of other scenarios shows that while slower population growth always contributes to a slowing of future global energy consumption, such changes are not as effective as reductions in per capita commercial energy use. Calculations on a global basis are made in two ways: from global aggregates and by summing individual country data. Comparison of the results shows that the first method is misleading because of the heterogeneity of population growth rates and energy consumption rates of individual countries. The tentative conclusions reached in this paper are only small pieces of a much larger puzzle. More work needs to be done to better understand the dynamics of these relationships before the analysis is extended to the broader questions of population growth and environmental change.

Kolsrud, G. [Congress, Washington, DC (United States); Torrey, B.B. [Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Tobacco Consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tobacco consumption is the use of tobacco products in different forms such as , , , water-pipes or tobacco products. Cigarettes and tobacco products containing tobacco are highly engineered so as to creat...

Martina Pötschke-Langer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Table 3.5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2010; 5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. Blast Pulping Liquor NAICS Furnace/Coke Petroleum or Wood Chips, Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total Oven Gases Waste Gas Coke Black Liquor Bark Total United States 311 Food 11 0 7 0 0 1 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 5 0 2 0 0 * 311221 Wet Corn Milling * 0 * 0 0 0 31131 Sugar Manufacturing * 0 * 0 0 * 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 1 0 1 0 0 0 3115 Dairy Products 1 0 1 0 0 0 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 4 0 4 0 0 * 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 3 0 2 0 0 1 3121 Beverages 3 0 2 0 0 1 3122 Tobacco 0 0 0 0 0 0 313 Textile Mills 0 0 0 0 0 0 314 Textile Product Mills

83

Photosynthesis and the dynamics of oxygen consumption in a ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

photosynthesis minus oxygen consumption), and gross photosynthesis at high ... The depth distribution of gross photosynthesis, as obtained by the cycling ...

1999-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

84

Emissions and Fuel Consumption Test Results from a Plug-In Hybrid...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Fuel Consumption Test Results from a Plug-In Hybrid Electric School Bus Emissions and Fuel Consumption Test Results from a Plug-In Hybrid Electric School Bus 2010 DOE Vehicle...

85

A new adaptive fuzzy inference system for electricity consumption forecasting with hike in prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large increase or hike in energy prices has proven to impact electricity consumption in a way which cannot be drawn ... (FIS) to estimate and forecast long-term electricity consumption when prices experience larg...

S. M. Sajadi; S. M. Asadzadeh; V. Majazi Dalfard…

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Environmental Tradeoffs in a Desert City: An Investigation of Water Use, Energy Consumption, and Local Air Temperature in Phoenix, AZ  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Tradeoffs in a Desert City: An Investigation of Water Use, Energy Consumption tradeoffs between vegetation cover, microclimate temperature, and water and energy consumption. References, AZ CONCLUSION · Research Observations: · Water Consumption, Energy Use, Vegetation Cover

Hall, Sharon J.

87

Seafood consumption and umbilical cord blood mercury concentrations in a multiethnic maternal and child health cohort  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This secondary analysis of a prospective cohort pilot study examined antenatal seafood consumption and neonatal outcomes in Hawaii. The...

Reni Soon; Timothy D Dye; Nicholas V Ralston; Marla J Berry…

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Energy Consumption Reduction with Low Computational Needs in Multicore Systems with Energy-Performance Tradeoff  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption Reduction with Low Computational Needs in Multicore Systems with Energy rules) in order to decrease the energy consumption. We proposed in a previous paper a robust control of the energy consumption. I. INTRODUCTION An energy-performance tradeoff is required in many em- bedded

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

89

Experimental study of lube oil characteristics in the PCV system and effects on engine oil consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engine oil consumption is an important source of hydrocarbon and particulate emissions in modem automobile engines. Great efforts have been made by automotive manufacturers to minimize the impact of oil consumption on ...

Lopez, Oscar, 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

MEASUREMENT OF OXYGEN CONSUMPTION AND DIFFUSION IN EXPOSED AND COVERED REACTIVE MINE TAILINGS1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEASUREMENT OF OXYGEN CONSUMPTION AND DIFFUSION IN EXPOSED AND COVERED REACTIVE MINE TAILINGS1 the in situ oxygen diffusion and consumption in tailings. It provides measured values for the oxygen reaction rate Kr and the effective diffusion De coefficients based on oxygen consumption and diffusion tests

Aubertin, Michel

91

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption Martin Sommer utility: the sensitivity of consumption to lagged consumer sentiment, and to predictable changes in current income. I show that in a habit formation model, the sensitiv- ity of consumption growth

Niebur, Ernst

92

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL 1 Coverage and Energy Consumption Control in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL 1 Coverage and Energy Consumption Control in Mobile Abstract--In this paper 1 , we investigate the coverage and energy consumption control in mobile. Meanwhile, we can operate a tradeoff control between coverage performance and energy consumption

Wang, Xinbing

93

OPTIMAL CONSUMPTION FROM INVESTMENT AND RANDOM ENDOWMENT IN INCOMPLETE SEMIMARTINGALE MARKETS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPTIMAL CONSUMPTION FROM INVESTMENT AND RANDOM ENDOWMENT IN INCOMPLETE SEMIMARTINGALE MARKETS from consumption in a con- strained incomplete semimartingale market with a random endowment process no smoothness requirements on the utility function in the temporal argument, we can treat both pure consumption

Karatzas, Ioannis

94

CONSUMPTION AND CHANGES IN HOME ENERGY COSTS: HOW PREVALENT IS THE `HEAT OR EAT' DECISION?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSUMPTION AND CHANGES IN HOME ENERGY COSTS: HOW PREVALENT IS THE `HEAT OR EAT' DECISION?· Julie how household consumption responds to changes in home energy outlays over the course of the year. We specify Euler equations describing nondurable and food consumption and then rely on changes in energy

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

95

A Process Algebraic Framework for Estimating the Energy Consumption in Ad-hoc Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Process Algebraic Framework for Estimating the Energy Consumption in Ad-hoc Wireless Sensor their connecti- vity properties and their performances in terms of energy consumption, throughput and other and the evaluation or esti- mation of energy consumption in ad-hoc WSNs. The frame- work is based on a variant

Rossi, Sabina

96

IBCN-12-001-01 Page 1 of 28 Equipment power consumption in optical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IBCN-12-001-01 Page 1 of 28 Equipment power consumption in optical multilayer networks ­ source://powerlib.intec.ugent.be Abstract This report contains source data to derive accountable reference power consumption values for IP. Vereecken, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, "Power consumption modeling in optical multilayer

Wichmann, Felix

97

Response of global soil consumption of atmospheric methane to changes in atmospheric climate and nitrogen deposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Response of global soil consumption of atmospheric methane to changes in atmospheric climate June 2013. [1] Soil consumption of atmospheric methane plays an important secondary role in regulating). Here we used a process-based biogeochemistry model to quantify soil consumption during the 20th and 21

98

Acute caffeine consumption enhances the executive control of visual attention in habitual consumers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acute caffeine consumption enhances the executive control of visual attention in habitual consumers vigilance and the executive control of visual attention in individuals with low caffeine consumption consumption profiles would show similar advantages. To this end, we examined the effects of four caffeine

Patel, Aniruddh D.

99

Power consumption modeling in optical multilayer Ward Van Heddeghem, Filip Idzikowski*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Power consumption modeling in optical multilayer networks Ward Van Heddeghem, Filip Idzikowski, Germany Abstract -- The evaluation and reduction of energy consumption of backbone telecommunication in these studies is the power consumption of the individual network devices. It appears that across different

Wichmann, Felix

100

Optimal consumption in a growth model with the Cobb-Douglas production function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal consumption in a growth model with the Cobb-Douglas production function Hiroaki Morimoto Management, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong Abstract An optimal consumption problem, and a synthesis of the optimal consumption policy is presented in the feedback form. Key words. Economic growth

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Dynamic Power Consumption in VirtexTM-II FPGA Family Princeton University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic Power Consumption in VirtexTM-II FPGA Family Li Shang Princeton University EE Dept.bathala@xilinx.com ABSTRACT This paper analyzes the dynamic power consumption in the fabric of Field Programmable Gate Arrays share of power consumption. According to our results, the power dissipation share of routing, logic

Shang, Li

102

THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION the impacts of renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on economic activities to find out whether and both renewable and non-renewable energy consumption in the short- and long run. This finding confirms

103

Experimental Study on the Energy Consumption in IaaS Cloud Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental Study on the Energy Consumption in IaaS Cloud Environments Alexandra Carpen.morin@inria.fr Abstract--Energy consumption has always been a major concern in the design and cost of datacenters the energy consumption of a cloud system, the hardware-component level is one of the most intensively studied

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

104

Energy Consumption of TCP Reno, Newreno, and SACK in Multi-Hop Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption of TCP Reno, Newreno, and SACK in Multi-Hop Wireless Networks Harkirat Singh In this paper we compare the energy consumption behavior of three versions of TCP ­ Reno, Newreno, and SACK the lowest overall energy consumption. 1. INTRODUCTION Today, sophisticated wireless devices are gaining

Singh, Suresh

105

Breast Cancer and Alcohol Consumption: A Case-Control Study in Northern Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...INTRODUCTION Alcohol consumption has been inconsistently...Since alcohol consumption is wide spread among...conducted in the homes of the respondents...following surgery (on average, 7.8 months after...estimating alcohol consumption in European countries...nutrient, and energy values were compiled...

Paolo Toniolo; Elio Riboli; Fulvia Protta; Martine Charrel; and Alberto P. M. Cappa

1989-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Balancing Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration System J. Cai and J- tion of commercial refrigeration system, featuring balanced system energy consumption and food quality energy consumption and food quality loss, at varying ambient condition, in a supermarket refrigeration

Skogestad, Sigurd

107

Mechanism design for aggregating energy consumption and quality of service in speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a way that minimizes energy while respecting the jobs' deadlines. The energy consumption is then chargedScale. Higher speed means that jobs finish earlier at the price of a higher energy consumption. Each job hasMechanism design for aggregating energy consumption and quality of service in speed scaling

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

108

Estimating the rebound effect in US manufacturing energy consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy price shocks of the 1970s are usually assumed to have increased the search for new energy saving technologies where eventual gains in energy efficiencies will reduce the real per unit price of energy services and hence, the consumption of energy will rise and partially offset the initial reduction in the usage of energy sources. This is the ‘rebound effect’, which is estimated for the US manufacturing sector using time series data applying the dynamic OLS method (DOLS). When allowing for asymmetric price effects the rebound effect is found to be approximately 24% for the US manufacturing sector.

Jan Bentzen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

To appear in: Mobile Networks and Applications 0 (2000) ?{? 1 An Energy-consumption Model for Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To appear in: Mobile Networks and Applications 0 (2000) ?{? 1 An Energy-consumption Model consumption behavior of a mobile ad hoc network. The model was used to examine the energy consumption of two. Keywords: mobile ad hoc networks, routing, energy consumption 1. Introduction Energy consumption

110

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption Martin Sommer, the sensitiv- ity of consumption to predicted income can be largely reinterpreted as a sluggish response to news. Moreover, the sensitivity of consumption to sen- timent reects the serial correlation

Niebur, Ernst

111

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption Martin Sommer, the sensi- tivity of consumption to predicted income can be largely reinterpreted as a sluggish response to news. Moreover, the sensitivity of consumption to sentiment reflects the serial correlation

Niebur, Ernst

112

The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption and GDP1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption and GDP1 Ming-Jie Lu, C.-Y. Cynthia consumption and GDP for several industries. We not only analyze the effects of multiple types of energy impact different kinds of energy consumption and the GDP of different kinds of industries using

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

113

Measuring the Client Performance and Energy Consumption in Mobile Cloud Gaming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring the Client Performance and Energy Consumption in Mobile Cloud Gaming Chun-Ying Huang1, Po-constrained devices may lead to inferior performance and high energy consumption. For example, the gaming frame rate and energy consumption of mobile clients is critical to the success of the new mobile cloud gaming ecosystem

Chen, Sheng-Wei

114

Balancing Energy and Water Consumption in an Urban Desert Environment: A Case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Energy and Water Consumption in an Urban Desert Environment: A Case Study on Phoenix, AZ effect, water scarcity, and energy consumption. The transformation of native landscapes into built to cool homes. Identifying Direct and Indirect Costs of Water and Energy Consumption Study Area Although

Hall, Sharon J.

115

Demonstration Of A Monitoring Lamp To Visualize The Energy Consumption In Houses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demonstration Of A Monitoring Lamp To Visualize The Energy Consumption In Houses Christophe Gisler1://www.unipg.it Abstract. We report on the development of a wireless lamp dedicated to the feedback of energy consumption is a good solution to make people gain awareness of their energy consumption and hence reduce it [1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

116

Investigating the Energy Consumption of a Wireless Network Interface in an Ad Hoc Networking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investigating the Energy Consumption of a Wireless Network Interface in an Ad Hoc Networking protocols re- quires knowledge of the energy consumption behavior of actual wireless interfaces. But little practical information is available about the energy consumption behavior of well-known wireless network

Sirer, Emin Gun

117

On the Trade-off between Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Trade-off between Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration on optimizing objective functions such as overall energy consumption, system efficiency, capacity, or wear systems, featuring a balanced system energy consumption and food quality loss. A former developed quality

Skogestad, Sigurd

118

The role of information and communication technologies in paper consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conventionally, paper demand is modelled by using only gross domestic product and the price of paper as explanatory variables. However, one factor affecting the demand of printing and writing papers is presumably the diffusion of information and communication technologies (ICT). In this paper, the regression analysis model and large global scale panel data sets from 1990-2007 are used to analyse the effect of ICT on paper demand for three paper grades: newsprint, office paper and magazine paper. Results show that the internet is a substitute for newsprint and possibly for magazine paper and mobile telephones are complementary and a growing number of personal computers increase office paper consumption.

Maija Hujala

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Future Air Conditioning Energy Consumption in Developing Countries and what can be done about it: The Potential of Efficiency in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004) Survey on Electricity Consumption Characteristics ofof residential electricity consumption in rapidly developingbusiness as usual’ electricity consumption by country/region

McNeil, Michael A.; Letschert, Virginie E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Population, Consumption & the Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12/11/2009 1 Population, Consumption & the Environment Alex de Sherbinin Center for International of carbon in 2001 · The ecological footprint, a composite measure of consumption measured in hectares kind of consumption is bad for the environment? 2. How are population dynamics and consumption linked

Columbia University

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Household energy consumption and its demand elasticity in Thailand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study concentrates on the analysis of energy consumption, expenditure on oil and LPG use in cars and aims to examine the elasticity effect of various types of oil consumption. By using the Deaton's analysis framework, the cross-sectional data of Thai households economic survey 2009 were used. By defining energy goods in the scope of automobile fuel, the results reflect the low importance of high-quality automobile fuel on all income level households. Thai households tend to vary the quality rather than the quantity of thermal energy. All income groups have a tendency to switch to lower quality fuel. Middle and high-middle households (Q3 and Q4) are the income groups with the greatest tendency to switch to lower-quality fuel when a surge in the price of oil price occurs. The poorest households (Q1) are normally insensitive to a change of energy expenditure in terms of quality and quantity. This finding illustrates the LPG price subsidy policy favours middle and high-middle income households. The price elasticity of energy quantity demand is negative in all income levels. High to middle income families are the most sensitive to changes in the price of energy.

Montchai Pinitjitsamut

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recently. In 2006, total energy consumption reached 2,4577.5% per year, total energy consumption in 2010 will reachof Enterprises Total Energy Consumption Mtce pe tro iro le

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Global Inequality in Energy Consumption from 1980 to 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita around the world using data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) for 1980-2010. We find that the Lorenz curves have moved up during this time period, and the Gini coefficient G has decreased from 0.66 in 1980 to 0.55 in 2010, indicating a decrease in inequality. The global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita in 2010 is close to the exponential distribution with G=0.5. We attribute this result to the globalization of the world economy, which mixes the world and brings it closer to the state of maximal entropy. We argue that global energy production is a limited resource that is partitioned among the world population. The most probable partition is the one that maximizes entropy, thus resulting in the exponential distribution function. A consequence of the latter is the law of 1/3: the top 1/3 of the world population consumes 2/3 of produced energy. We also find similar results for the global pro...

Lawrence, Scott; Yakovenko, Victor M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation analyzes the energy consumption behavior of residential adopters of solar photovoltaic systems (solar-PV). Based on large data sets from the San Diego region… (more)

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China’s total primary energy consumption in 2005, along withof China’s total primary energy consumption (Lin et al. ,accounted for, the primary energy consumption of the Top-

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Changes in Consumption by Alewives and Lake Whitefish after Dreissenid Mussel Invasions in Lakes Michigan and Huron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Changes in Consumption by Alewives and Lake Whitefish after Dreissenid Mussel Invasions in Lakes. Bioenergetics modeling was used to determine consumption by the average individual fish before and after. Annual consumption of zooplankton by an average alewife in Lake Michigan was 37% lower and consumption

127

Energy consumption of subscriber devices in broadband network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper provides estimates how deployment of fast fixed broadband may affect consumption of energy by subscriber's electronic devices. New subscribers are expected to buy additional equipment: PCs, laptops, TV sets, game consoles, etc. and more intensively ... Keywords: Broadband Access Network, Energy Consumption, Home Electronics, Next-Generation Access, Power Networks

Krzysztof Borzycki

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Defibering and specific energy consumption in bale pulpers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, the defibering and the specific energy consumption (SEC) for bale pulping of old corrugated containers and supercalendered paper are studied. Experimental variables were pulper dimensions, rotor shape, process temperature, and pulp consistency. The extent of defibering was monitored by measuring Somerville shives, and SEC was determined for a range of pulping conditions. It was found that SEC is reduced by at least 50% when process temperature is increased from 20{degrees}C to 60{degrees}C and by about 30% when pulp consistency is increased from 3.5% to 7%. The results also showed that defibering is increased by rotors that generate shear forces both radially and tangentially. The more swiftly the mass bale and the flakes are wetted, the lower will be the SEC. The rheology of low-consistency water-fiber suspensions is also discussed, with emphasis on how shear affects defibering during the pulping process.

Savolainen, A. (Tampere Univ. of Technology, Lab. of Process, Technology, P.O. Box 527, 33101 Tampere (FI)); Jusila, T.; Nikula, S. (Tampella Papertech Oy, P.O. Box 56, LE2 33701 Tampere (FI))

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Response of office building electricity consumption to urban weather in Adelaide, South Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Knowledge of climate dependency of building energy consumption is useful for predicting the impacts of climate change and urban heat island on energy demand and associated carbon emissions, and to evaluate and improve building energy performance. Climate dependent electricity consumption is examined in this study for four office buildings in Adelaide, the capital city of South Australia with a warm-summer Mediterranean climate. Influences of both outdoor temperature and specific humidity on building electricity consumption are analyzed using the multiple linear regression, based on both sub-daily and monthly electricity consumption data. The results indicate that there is a daytime mean temperature threshold of around 17 °C, above which, electricity consumption increases with air temperature. Specific humidity also contributes to interpreting the temporal variability of office hour electricity consumption. Daytime temperature and specific humidity together determine 80–90% of office hour electricity consumption variation for days with mean daytime temperature above the threshold temperature. Office building daily electricity consumption can be examined with monthly electricity consumption data of a period of three years. The results also suggest that heatwaves may increase office building electricity demand by up to 50%, and that one degree warming can increase annual office electricity consumption by 2% in Adelaide.

Huade Guan; Veronica Soebarto; John Bennett; Roger Clay; Robert Andrew; Yunhui Guo; Saeedeh Gharib; Kathryn Bellette

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Power consumption in hybrid access and home networking network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We compare energy consumptions of access and home networks for GPON, DOCSIS 3.0, GPON EOC, and indoor extensions of POF, HomePNA, PLC, and WiMax. Combined GPON EOC and POF technologies...

Feng, Kuo Chang; Keiser, Gerd; Lee, San-Liang

131

Quantifying Area Changes of Internationally Important Wetlands Due to Water Consumption in LCA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantifying Area Changes of Internationally Important Wetlands Due to Water Consumption in LCA ... This paper presents the inclusion of new, relevant impact categories for agriculture life cycle assessments. ...

Francesca Verones; Stephan Pfister; Stefanie Hellweg

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

132

Delivered Energy Consumption Projections by Industry in the Annual Energy Outlook 2002  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This paper presents delivered energy consumption and intensity projections for the industries included in the industrial sector of the National Energy Modeling System.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Energy Consumption Analyses of Frequently-used HVAC System Types in High Performance Office Buildings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The high energy consumption of heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems in commercial buildings is a hot topic. Office buildings, a typical building set of… (more)

Yan, Liusheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Oil consumption, pollutant emission, oil proce volatility and economic activities in selected Asian Developing Economies.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??It is now well established in the literature that oil consumption, oil price shocks, and oil price volatility may impact the economic activities negatively. Studies… (more)

Rafiq, Shuddhasattwa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Future projections for domestic consumption of dual purpose kerosene in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper looks at three socio-economic variables in energy consumption framework for energy planning in Nigeria. The consumption of dual purpose kerosene (DPK) was regressed against the real gross domestic product (GDP), commodity's price, and the lagged variable considering a period of 32 years (1970-2001). A statistical model was developed for the local consumption using partial adjustment model with three independent variables. Some statistical tests were carried out which revealed that consumption was significantly related to the three components. Local consumption of DPK was forecast for the period 2001 to 2025 using three different scenarios of the growth rates (the low, the base and the high growth rates) of the independent variables. Expectedly, result shows that consumption is greatest for high GDP/low price and minimum for low GDP/high price scenario.

Adekunle Omolade Adelaja; Sunday Joshua Ojolo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Analysis of Complexity and Power Consumption in DSP-Based Optical Modulation Formats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of about 1 watt without considering thermoelectric cooler (TEC), which is used to normalize the power consumption of the various 400 GbE modulation format schemes considered here. The transceiver power consumption for each scheme takes into account all... , 39, 1402–1405, (2014). [13] J. J. Lee, et al., “Predication of TEC Power Consumption for Cooled Laser Diode Module,” in proceeding of LEOS, Paper WW3, (2004). Acknowledgments This work was supported by UK EPSRC via the INTERNET project. ...

Wei, J. L.; Cheng, Q.; Penty, R. V.; White, I. H.

2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

137

Optimization of Energy and Water Consumption in Corn-Based Ethanol Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optimization of Energy and Water Consumption in Corn-Based Ethanol Plants ... In this paper we study the simultaneous energy and water consumption in the conceptual design of corn-based ethanol plants. ... Review of Energy Optimization in Corn-Based Ethanol Plant ...

Elvis Ahmetovi?; Mariano Martín; Ignacio E. Grossmann

2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

138

MODELICA LIBRARY FOR SIMULATING ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF AUXILIARY UNITS IN HEAVY VEHICLES1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODELICA LIBRARY FOR SIMULATING ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF AUXILIARY UNITS IN HEAVY VEHICLES1 Niklas.se Abstract Models that can be used to analyse the fuel consumption of auxiliary units in heavy vehicles, a model library is developed in the modelling language Modelica. The library contains a mixture of models

Johansson, Karl Henrik

139

Modeling energy consumption in cellular networks L. Decreusefond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the mobile industry continues to look for ways to reduce energy needs. Air conditioning is being replaced by fans or passive air flows whenever possible. Several programs are aiming to deploy solar, wind countries by 2012. Network optimization upgrades currently can reduce energy consumption by 44% and solar

Boyer, Edmond

140

Table N5.1. Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 1998  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 1998;" 1. Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 1998;" " Level: National Data and Regional Totals; " " Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," "," "," "," "," "," "," ","Waste"," ",," " " "," "," ","Blast"," "," ","Pulping Liquor"," ","Oils/Tars","RSE" "NAICS"," "," ","Furnace/Coke"," ","Petroleum","or","Wood Chips,","and Waste","Row"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Consumption, Social Capital, and the 'Industrious Revolution' in Early Modern Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumption, Social Capital, and the “Industrious Revolution” in Early Modern Germany SHEILAGH OGILVIE Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge Acknowledgements: I am grateful to Marco Belfanti, André... ; labour; discrimination; gender; Germany 1 Expanding market consumption is widely ascribed a key role in European economic growth before industrialization. A “Consumer Revolution” between 1650 and 1800 is thought to have seen the middle classes...

Ogilvie, Sheilagh

142

Comparison of Static and Dynamic WDM Networks in Terms of Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of Static and Dynamic WDM Networks in Terms of Energy Consumption A. Leiva1 , J. M Communications Research Lab, Universidad Nacional de CĂłrdoba, CĂłrdoba, Argentina (3) High Performance Computing from static to dynamic WDM networks is evaluated, for the first time, in terms of energy consumption

LĂłpez, VĂ­ctor

143

Heart Rate and Oxygen Consumption of Northern Elephant Seals during Diving in the Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

116 Heart Rate and Oxygen Consumption of Northern Elephant Seals during Diving in the Laboratory Paul M. Webb1 heart rate over the entire dive cycle increased with increasing oxygen consumption in all, which casts some doubt on the usefulness of heart rate as an indicator of metabolicBurney J. Le Boeuf1 1

Webb, Paul M.

144

Energy Consumption and Energy Density in Optical and Electronic Signal Processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption and Energy Density in Optical and Electronic Signal Processing Volume 3, Number-0655/$26.00 ©2011 IEEE #12;Energy Consumption and Energy Density in Optical and Electronic Signal Processing Rodney optical and digital electronic signal processing circuits, including the contributions to energy

Tucker, Rod

145

Tackling the Load Uncertainty Challenges for Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tackling the Load Uncertainty Challenges for Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid Pedram minimization, load uncertainties, smart power grid. I. LIST OF VARIABLES USED IN THIS PAPER A Set of appliances accordingly. Simulation results confirm that the proposed energy consumption scheduling algorithm can benefit

Wong, Vincent

146

Experimental Analysis of Task-based Energy Consumption in Cloud Computing Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

computing, green cloud, energy consumption, performance analysis, energy efficiency. 1. INTRODUCTION Cloud in green cloud computing systems [4]. Many efforts have been made to improve the energy efficiency of cloudExperimental Analysis of Task-based Energy Consumption in Cloud Computing Systems Feifei Chen, John

Schneider, Jean-Guy

147

RECENT TRENDS IN EMERGING TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abundance of energy can be improved both by developing new sources of fuel and by improving efficiency of energy utilization, although we really need to pursue both paths to improve energy accessibility in the future. Currently, 2.7 billion people or 38% of the world s population do not have access to modern cooking fuel and depend on wood or dung and 1.4 billion people or 20% do not have access to electricity. It is estimated that correcting these deficiencies will require an investment of $36 billion dollars annually through 2030. In growing economies, energy use and economic growth are strongly linked, but energy use generally grows at a lower rate due to increased access to modern fuels and adaptation of modern, more efficient technology. Reducing environmental impacts of increased energy consumption such as global warming or regional emissions will require improved technology, renewable fuels, and CO2 reuse or sequestration. The increase in energy utilization will probably result in increased transportation fuel diversity as fuels are shaped by availability of local resources, world trade, and governmental, environmental, and economic policies. The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the recently emerging trends, but not to suggest winners. This paper will focus on liquid transportation fuels, which provide the highest energy density and best match with existing vehicles and infrastructure. Data is taken from a variety of US, European, and other sources without an attempt to normalize or combine the various data sources. Liquid transportation fuels can be derived from conventional hydrocarbon resources (crude oil), unconventional hydrocarbon resources (oil sands or oil shale), and biological feedstocks through a variety of biochemical or thermo chemical processes, or by converting natural gas or coal to liquids.

Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Secure Distributed Solution for Optimal Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Secure Distributed Solution for Optimal Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid Mohammad: Smart Grid, Energy Consumption Schedule, Privacy. I. INTRODUCTION Energy is critically important varying energy prices, giving incentive for using energy at off-peak hours. Smart grids provide innovative

Shehab, Mohamed

149

Strip, Bind, and Search: A Method for Identifying Abnormal Energy Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strip, Bind, and Search: A Method for Identifying Abnormal Energy Consumption in Buildings Romain usage that leads to energy waste. The av- erage waste uncovered is as high as 2500 kWh per device; Energy Consumption; Anomaly Detection 1. INTRODUCTION Buildings are one of the prime targets to reduce

California at Berkeley, University of

150

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock Joshua Apte and Dariush Arasteh, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory LBNL-60146 Abstract We present a simple spreadsheet-based tool for estimating window-related energy consumption in the United States. Using available data on the properties of the installed US window stock, we estimate that windows are responsible for 2.15 quadrillion Btu (Quads) of heating energy consumption and 1.48 Quads of cooling energy consumption annually. We develop estimates of average U-factor and SHGC for current window sales. We estimate that a complete replacement of the installed window stock with these products would result in energy savings of approximately 1.2 quads. We demonstrate

151

Global energy consumption due to friction in passenger cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents calculations on the global fuel energy consumption used to overcome friction in passenger cars in terms of friction in the engine, transmission, tires, and brakes. Friction in tribocontacts was estimated according to prevailing contact mechanisms such as elastohydrodynamic, hydrodynamic, mixed, and boundary lubrication. Coefficients of friction in the tribocontacts were estimated based on available information in the literature on the average passenger car in use today, a car with today’s advanced commercial tribological technology, a car with today’s best advanced technology based upon recent research and development, and a car with the best technology forecasted in the next 10 years. The following conclusions were reached: • In passenger cars, one-third of the fuel energy is used to overcome friction in the engine, transmission, tires, and brakes. The direct frictional losses, with braking friction excluded, are 28% of the fuel energy. In total, 21.5% of the fuel energy is used to move the car. • Worldwide, 208,000 million liters of fuel (gasoline and diesel) was used in 2009 to overcome friction in passenger cars. This equals 360 million tonne oil equivalent per year (Mtoe/a) or 7.3 million TJ/a. Reductions in frictional losses will lead to a threefold improvement in fuel economy as it will reduce both the exhaust and cooling losses also at the same ratio. • Globally, one passenger car uses on average of 340 l of fuel per year to overcome friction, which would cost 510 euros according to the average European gas price in 2011 and corresponds to an average driving distance of 13,000 km/a. • By taking advantage of new technology for friction reduction in passenger cars, friction losses could be reduced by 18% in the short term (5–10 years) and by 61% in the long term (15–25 years). This would equal worldwide economic savings of 174,000 million euros and 576,000 million euros, respectively; fuel savings of 117,000 million and 385,000 million liters, respectively; and CO2 emission reduction of 290 million and 960 million tonnes, respectively. • The friction-related energy losses in an electric car are estimated to be only about half those of an internal combustion passenger car. Potential actions to reduce friction in passenger cars include the use of advanced coatings and surface texturing technology on engine and transmission components, new low-viscosity and low-shear lubricants and additives, and tire designs that reduce rolling friction.

Kenneth Holmberg; Peter Andersson; Ali Erdemir

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

CSV File Documentation: Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Consumption Consumption The State Energy Data System (SEDS) comma-separated value (CSV) files contain consumption estimates shown in the tables located on the SEDS website. There are four files that contain estimates for all states and years. Consumption in Physical Units contains the consumption estimates in physical units for all states; Consumption in Btu contains the consumption estimates in billion British thermal units (Btu) for all states. There are two data files for thermal conversion factors: the CSV file contains all of the conversion factors used to convert data between physical units and Btu for all states and the United States, and the Excel file shows the state-level conversion factors for coal and natural gas in six Excel spreadsheets. Zip files are also available for the large data files. In addition, there is a CSV file for each state, named

153

Causal relationship between fossil fuel consumption and economic growth in the world  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fossil fuels are major sources of energy, and have several advantages over other primary energy sources. Without extensive dependence on fossil fuels, it is questionable whether our economic prosperity can continue. This paper analyses cointegration and causality between fossil fuel consumption and economic growth in the world over the period 1971 to 2008. The estimation results indicate that fossil fuel consumption and GDP are cointegrated and there exists long-run unidirectional causality from fossil fuel consumption to GDP. This paper also investigates the nexus between non-fossil energy consumption and GDP, and shows that there is no causality between the variables. The conclusions are that reducing fossil fuel consumption may hamper economic growth, and that it is unlikely that non-fossil energy will substantially replace fossil fuels. This paper also examines causal linkages between the variables using a trivariate model, and obtains the same results as those from the bivariate model.

Hazuki Ishida

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Electricity Consumption Electricity Consumption EIA Electricity Consumption Estimates  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Consumption Consumption Electricity Consumption EIA Electricity Consumption Estimates (million kWh) National Petroleum Council Assumption: The definition of electricity con- sumption and sales used in the NPC 1999 study is the equivalent ofwhat EIA calls "sales by utilities" plus "retail wheeling by power marketers." This A nn u al Gro wth total could also be called "sales through the distribution grid," 2o 99 99 to Sales by Utilities -012% #N/A Two other categories of electricity consumption tracked by EIA cover on site Retail Wheeling Sales by generation for host use. The first, "nonutility onsite direct use," covers the Power Marketen 212.25% #N/A traditional generation/cogeneration facilities owned by industrial or large All Sales Through Distribution

155

Spatiotemporal variations in nightlife consumption: A comparison of students in two Dutch cities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper extends the Human Geography literature about the night-time economy through a comparative, time-geographical and quantitative analysis of nightlife consumption practices during students' nights out in the city-centres of the Dutch cities of Utrecht and Rotterdam. Considerable variation in nightlife practices between and within these cities is revealed with the help of cluster and discriminant analyses. For both cities five distinctive types of nightlife consumption are identified, and comparison shows that nightlife practices in Utrecht's city-centre are characterised by a stronger orientation towards bars/pubs and greater alcohol consumption, spatial clustering and ethnic homogeneity than in Rotterdam. It is also demonstrated that, contra some public discourses about the night-time economy, some types of city-centre nightlife practices are not characterised by excessive alcohol consumption. Finally, the analysis suggests that students' participation in different types of nightlife consumption in Utrecht and Rotterdam are only to some extent shaped by age, ethnicity, class and gender; education is most strongly associated with the type of nightlife consumption pursued, and this dimension should be given greater attention in future research on exclusion from the urban night-time economy.

Jelle Brands; Tim Schwanen; Irina van Aalst

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Causal relationship between energy consumption and GDP in Tunisia: aggregated and disaggregated analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the causality between energy consumption and GDP in Tunisia for the 1980 to 2009 period at both aggregated and disaggregated levels as oil, natural gas, and electricity. To determine the Granger causality in the presence of cointegration between variables, a vector error correction model (VECM) is used instead of an autoregressive model (VAR). In the short-run, the neutrality hypothesis is supported between total energy consumption and GDP. This is also true between GDP and oil consumption in one hand and the gas consumption in other hand. Whereas a unidirectional is detected from electricity to the GDP is found (growth hypothesis). In the long-run, total energy consumption, in aggregate and disaggregated forms (gas and electricity) causes GDP (growth hypothesis). For against GDP causes oil consumption (conservation hypothesis). Consequently, the policy makers in Tunisia should place priority an increased commitment to aggregated and disaggregated energy consumption will stabilise the country's inefficient spending and allow it to have a stable income stream in the short-term to raise capital for its long-term investments.

Mehdi Abid; Rafaa Mraihi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Analysis of energy consumption and indicators of energy use in Bangladesh  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rapid growth in the demand for commercial energy in Bangladesh poses serious development constraints in recent years. Per capita energy consumption of Bangladesh is one of the lowest in the world (252 kgoe in 200...

Joarder Mohammad Abdul Munim; Md. Mahbubul Hakim…

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Econometric estimation of the petroleum products consumption in Nigeria: Assessing the premise for biofuels adoption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The promotion and adoption of biofuels in Nigeria must be predicated on sufficient capacity for absorbing biofuels produced from the increasing investments in biofuels plantations, plants and processing facilities. This paper assesses the socioeconomic and related premises for biofuels development in Nigeria by conducting an econometric estimation of the petroleum products consumption. The paper first estimates aggregated petroleum product consumption, and then assess the response to specific petroleum products in terms of consumption, market (population), electricity generation, installed electricity generation capacity, and GDP. The result shows that all the petroleum products contribute significantly and about equally to aggregate petroleum consumption. The high proportion of petrol (about 44 percent) as a percentage of the aggregate petroleum product consumption validates the push for implementing the E10 petrol-ethanol blending for Nigeria. The consumption of diesel is also significant. Diesel is another petroleum product for which D20 biofuel blending policy has been proposed. The increase in population and GDP, coupled with the poor electricity situation, will keep driving the consumption of petroleum products. As the population increases, and the country continues to struggle to match electricity generation with population growth, the petrol-ethanol and diesel-biodiesel blending policy must be pursued tenaciously to ensure a reduction in carbon emission in Nigeria.

Nelson Abila

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Spatial and Temporal Impacts on Water Consumption in Texas from Shale Gas Development and Use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spatial and Temporal Impacts on Water Consumption in Texas from Shale Gas Development and Use ... Despite the water intensity of hydraulic fracturing, recent life cycle analyses have concluded that increased shale gas development will lead to net decreases in water consumption if the increased natural gas production is used at natural gas combined cycle power plants, shifting electricity generation away from coal-fired steam cycle power plants. ... This work expands on these studies by estimating the spatial and temporal patterns of changes in consumptive water use in Texas river basins during a period of rapid shale gas development and use in electricity generation from August 2008 through December 2009. ...

Adam P. Pacsi; Kelly T. Sanders; Michael E. Webber; David T. Allen

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

160

Implementation of Simple Measures for Savings Water and Energy Consumption in Kuwait Government Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper gives in details the efforts made by the Public Services Department (PSD) to reduce water and energy consumptions in the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour's (MOSAL) buildings in Kuwait. PSD manages around 125 buildings distributed...

Albaharani, H.; Al-Mulla, A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Analysis of the Effects of the Application of Solar Water Heater in Building Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the development of the economy, civilian construction in the Changjiang River delta region is rapidly expanding. The boom in the construction industry definitely results in that the proportion of building energy consumption to whole energy...

Wang, J.; Li, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Sensitivity to electricity consumption in urban business and commercial area buildings according to climatic change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently, urban high temperature phenomenon has become a problem which results from human activities, the increase in energy consumption, and land-cover change in urban areas ... is increased and results in the d...

Kang-guk Lee; Sung-bum Kim; Won-hwa Hong

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

A Novel Collaboration Paradigm for Reducing Energy Consumption and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Data Centres  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......consumption can be reduced (or increased) in periods of power generation shortage (or surplus). In the context of Smart Grid technologies, this can even be extended to average or even minor customers. 3. ARCHITECTURE OVERVIEW In Fig. 3......

D. Rincón; A. Agustí-Torra; J.F. Botero; F. Raspall; D. Remondo; X. Hesselbach; M.T. Beck; H. de Meer; F. Niedermeier; G. Giuliani

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Analysis of Energy Consumption of Duplex Residences in College Station, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper characterizes the variability of energy consumption due to a series of construction, occupant, and weather-related effects in duplex residences in College Station, Texas. In this paper, spline regression was used to estimate cooling...

Kim, S. B.; Woods, P. K.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Environmental degradation, economic growth and energy consumption: Evidence of the environmental Kuznets curve in Malaysia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper tests for the short and long-run relationship between economic growth, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and energy consumption, using the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) by employing both the aggregated and disaggregated energy consumption data in Malaysia for the period 1980–2009. The Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) methodology and Johansen–Juselius maximum likelihood approach were used to test the cointegration relationship; and the Granger causality test, based on the vector error correction model (VECM), to test for causality. The study does not support an inverted U-shaped relationship (EKC) when aggregated energy consumption data was used. When data was disaggregated based on different energy sources such as oil, coal, gas and electricity, the study does show evidences of the EKC hypothesis. The long-run Granger causality test shows that there is bi-directional causality between economic growth and CO2 emissions, with coal, gas, electricity and oil consumption. This suggests that decreasing energy consumption such as coal, gas, electricity and oil appears to be an effective way to control CO2 emissions but simultaneously will hinder economic growth. Thus suitable policies related to the efficient consumption of energy resources and consumption of renewable sources are required.

Behnaz Saboori; Jamalludin Sulaiman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Household operational energy consumption in urban China : a multilevel analysis on Jinan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With decades of economic growth and socio-economic transformation, China's residential sector has seen rapid expansion in energy consumption, and is now the second largest energy consuming sector in the country. Faced with ...

Wang, Dong, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Research on the Statistical Method of Energy Consumption for Public Buildings in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this research is to develop a national statistical system for energy consumption data for public buildings in China, in order to provide data support for building energy efficiency work. The framework for a national statistical system...

Chen, S.; Li, N.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

More efficiency in fuel consumption using gearbox optimization based on Taguchi method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Automotive emission is becoming a critical threat to today’s human health. Many researchers are studying engine designs leading to less fuel consumption. Gearbox selection plays a key role in an engine design. In...

Masoud Goharimanesh; Aliakbar Akbari…

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Precipitation Trends and Water Consumption Related to Population in the Southwestern United States, 1930–83  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possible effects of climatic fluctuations on renewable water supplies in the western United States was examined, especially as it is impacted by the growth of population and water consumption in recent decades.

Henry F. Diaz; Ronald L. Holle; Joe W. Thorn Jr.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Energy Consumption Simulation and Analysis of Heat Pump Air Conditioning System in Wuhan by the BIN Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to simulate the annual energy consumption of groundwater heat pump systems (GWHPS) for an office building in Wuhan. Its annual energy consumption was obtained and compared with the partner of the air source heat pump systems (ASHPS). The results show...

Wen, Y.; Zhao, F.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Conservation Evaluation of a Commercial Building in Shanghai  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper presents a model of a commercial building in Shanghai with energy simulation software, and after calibration, the energy consumption of this building is calculated. On the basis of the simulation and calculation, a series of energy saving...

Chen, C.; Pan, Y.; Huang, Z.; Wu, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

The Consumption of Carbon in the Electric Arc. No. III. The Anode Loss  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 February 1916 research-article The Consumption of Carbon in the Electric Arc. No. III. The Anode Loss W. G. Duffield Mary D. Waller The Royal Society is collaborating with...

1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Minimizing Energy Consumption in a Water Distribution System: A Systems Modeling Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a water distribution system from groundwater supply, the bulk of energy consumption is expended at pump stations. These pumps pressurize the water and transport it from the aquifer to the distribution system and to elevated storage tanks. Each...

Johnston, John

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

174

Characteristic fuel consumption and exhaust emissions in fully mechanized logging operations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A study was done using eight different logging machines (harvesters and forwarders) in clear-felling operations to quantify the associated fuel consumption, and to define the inherent relationship between engine ...

Radomir Klvac; Alois Skoupy

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Design features which influence pollutant emissions and fuel consumption in four-stroke engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficiency of an internal-combustion engine and, hence, its specific fuel consumption are largely dependent on the process characteristics ... . As the internal-combustion process in the engine cannot really ...

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Ing. Fred Schäfer…

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Household electricity consumption and CO2 emissions in the Netherlands: A model-based analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Twenty percent of the total energy consumption in the Netherlands comes from household electricity consumption. This comes from household electric appliances whose number has grown in recent years. The paper explores the effect of smart meter introduction, appliance efficiency and consumer behaviour on reducing electricity consumption in the Netherlands. It does so by combining two perspectives: a sociotechnical approach and a bottom up simulation approach. The range of scenarios explored through simulation in the paper provides an understanding of the interplay between efficiency, smart meter diffusion and consumer behaviour. The results show their effect on electricity consumption and suggest that further effort is required to control and reduce it. Insights from the paper suggest that future studies should disaggregate with respect to a number of factors.

George Papachristos

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth of Guangdong Province in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Guangdong is a province with the most electricity consumption (EC) and the fastest economic growth ... , there has long been a contradiction between electricity supply and demand in Guangdong and this...

Lianhong Lv; Hong Luo; Baoliu Zhang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Response of global soil consumption of atmospheric methane to changes in atmospheric climate and nitrogen deposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soil consumption of atmospheric methane plays an important secondary role in regulating the atmospheric CH4 budget, next to the dominant loss mechanism involving reaction with the hydroxyl radical (OH). Here we used a ...

Zhuang, Qianlai

179

A method for the study of inhibitor consumption in combustion processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A kinetic method is described for determining the inhibitor consumption during chain processes in closed vessels, under non-steady state conditions. The inhibited combustion of hydrogen, regarded as a model of...

V. V. Azatyan; V. I. Sklyarenko

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Scenario analysis of retrofit strategies for reducing energy consumption in Norwegian office buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model buildings were created for simulation to describe typical office buildings from different construction periods. A simulation program was written to predict the annual energy consumption of the buildings in their ...

Engblom, Lisa A. (Lisa Allison)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Survey Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

fsidentoi fsidentoi Survey Consumption and 'Expenditures, April 1981 March 1982 Energy Information Administration Wasningtoa D '" N """"*"""*"Nlwr. . *'.;***** -. Mik>. I This publication is available from ihe your COr : 20585 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Consum ption and Expendi tures, April 1981 Through March 1982 Part 2: Regional Data Prepared by: Bruce Egan This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administra tion, the independent statistical

182

The dynamic links between CO2 emissions, economic growth and coal consumption in China and India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, we employ recent and robust estimation techniques of cointegration to provide more conclusive evidence on the nexus of CO2 emissions, economic growth and coal consumption in China and India. Furthermore, the causal relationships among the variables are further examined using the Granger causality test. Our empirical results suggest that the variables are cointegrated in the case of China but not India. In other words, there is a long-run relationship between CO2 emissions, economic growth and coal consumption in China. Granger causality test for China reveal a strong evidence of uni-directional causality running from economic growth to CO2 emissions. Moreover, there is a bi-directional causality between economic growth and coal consumption as well as CO2 emissions and coal consumption in the short and long run. In the case of India, only a short-run causality is detected. Causality between economic growth and CO2 emissions as well as CO2 emissions and coal consumption are bi-directional. Nonetheless, there is only a uni-directional Granger causality running from economic growth to coal consumption in India. The implications of the results are further discussed.

V.G.R. Chandran Govindaraju; Chor Foon Tang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

comparison o f energy consumption i n housing (1998) (Trends i n household energy consumption (Jyukankyo Research4) Average (N=2976) Energy consumption [GJ / household-year

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2001). "Residential Energy Consumption Survey." 2006, fromCommercial Building Energy Consumption Survey." from http://Scale window-related energy consumption to account for new

Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

accounting for 79% of non-biomass energy consumption inreliance on biomass for rural energy consumption shows thereliance on biomass for rural energy consumption shows the

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the fraction of total energy consumption attributable toFraction of Total Energy Consumption Background Although thewindow fraction of total energy consumption. We believe that

Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

end-use Residential primary energy consumption was 6.6 EJ inof primary energy. Primary energy consumption includes final14 Residential Primary Energy Consumption by Fuel (with

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

liters Figure 7 Primary Energy Consumption (EJ) Refrigeratorby Efficiency Class Primary Energy Consumption (EJ) Figure 8by Fuel Figure 1 Primary Energy Consumption by End-use)

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

OXYGEN CONSUMPTION OF NORMAL AND GREEN OYSTERS 1 PAUL S. GALTSOFF, Ph. D., In Charge, Oyster Fishery Investigations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OXYGEN CONSUMPTION OF NORMAL AND GREEN OYSTERS 1 $ By PAUL S. GALTSOFF, Ph. D., In Charge, Oyster _ ~ethod _ Oxygen consumption of normal oyster _ Effect of oxygen tension on oxygen con- sumption _ Page 489 Increased rate of metabolism _ 490 Experiments with green oysters _ 493 Oxygen consumption

190

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock Title Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-60146 Year of Publication 2006 Authors Apte, Joshua S., and Dariush K. Arasteh Call Number LBNL-60146 Abstract We present a simple spreadsheet-based tool for estimating window-related energy consumption in the United States. Using available data on the properties of the installed US window stock, we estimate that windows are responsible for 2.15 quadrillion Btu (Quads) of heating energy consumption and 1.48 Quads of cooling energy consumption annually. We develop estimates of average U-factor and SHGC for current window sales. We estimate that a complete replacement of the installed window stock with these products would result in energy savings of approximately 1.2 quads. We demonstrate that future window technologies offer energy savings potentials of up to 3.9 Quads.

191

A fuel consumption model for off-road use of mobile machinery in agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Until 2009, the annual reporting of emissions by off-road transport in agriculture in Belgium was based on a 1994 calculation model that needed to be updated. An energy consumption model was established for plant production in Belgium as a backbone for a new emission model. The model starts from agricultural activities involving off-road fuel consumption. Effects of soil type, tractor size, field size and machine load are modelled. Twenty-seven \\{FCIs\\} (fuel consumption indicators) were computed for plant production. \\{FCIs\\} are expressed per year and are used for emission estimates on a regional level. \\{FCIs\\} ranged from 37 to 311 L/ha. Sensitivity analysis showed the highest impact of tractor size with a surplus fuel consumption between 10 and 41% depending on the crop type. Fuel consumption (L) can be further processed into greenhouse gas emissions. \\{FCIs\\} can be adopted in LCA (life cycle assessment) studies. With ?310 L/ha, orchards are most fuel intensive, followed by field vegetables and sugar beets (?150 L/ha). The total off-road energy consumption of field vegetables is high because second cropping is a common practice.

Veerle Van linden; Lieve Herman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

consumption | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

consumption consumption Dataset Summary Description This dataset is from the report Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies: a review of existing literature (J. Macknick, R. Newmark, G. Heath and K.C. Hallett) and provides estimates of operational water withdrawal and water consumption factors for electricity generating technologies in the United States. Estimates of water factors were collected from published primary literature and were not modified except for unit conversions. Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released August 28th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords coal consumption csp factors geothermal PV renewable energy technologies Water wind withdrawal Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies (xlsx, 32.3 KiB)

193

Figure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 1E Roberts, Energy in US  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluctuations and Global Events 14E Roberts, Energy in US DOE: 2011 Vehicle Technology Market Report #12;Figure 15: Effect of Oil Prices on US Economy 15E Roberts, Energy in US DOE: 2011 Vehicle Technology MarketFigure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 2008 1E Roberts, Energy in US Source: www.eia.gov #12

Sutton, Michael

194

MEW Efforts in Reducing Electricity and Water Consumption in Government and Private Sectors in Kuwait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Engineers, membership No. 1715. MEW EFFORTS IN REDUCING ELECTRICITY AND WATER CONSUMPTION IN GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SECTORS IN KUWAIT Eng. Iqbal Al-Tayar Manager ? Technical Supervision Department Planning and Training Sector Ministry... of Electricity & Water (MEW) - Kuwait Historical Background - Electricity ? In 1913, the first electric machine was installed in Kuwait to operate 400 lambs for Al-Saif Palace. ? In 1934, two electric generators were installed with a total capacity of 60 k...

Al-Tayar, I.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Power Consumption in Bufferless Optical Packet Switches in SOA Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increase in data transmission and processing speed unavoidably leads to high requirements on power supply. Especially in the case of high-capacity electronic routers, the question of...

Eramo, V; Listanti, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

The role of consumer satisfaction, consideration set size, variety seeking and convenience orientation in explaining seafood consumption in Vietnam .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The study examines the relationship betweens convenience food and seafood consumption in Vietnam through a replication and an extension of studies of Rortveit and Olsen… (more)

Ninh, Thi Kim Anh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While China's 11th Five Year Plan called for a reduction of energy intensity by 2010, whether and how the energy consumption trend can be changed in a short time has been hotly debated. This research intends to evaluate the impact of a variety of scenarios of GDP growth, energy elasticity and energy efficiency improvement on energy consumption in commercial buildings in China using a detailed China End-use Energy Model. China's official energy statistics have limited information on energy demand by end use. This is a particularly pertinent issue for building energy consumption. The authors have applied reasoned judgments, based on experience of working on Chinese efficiency standards and energy related programs, to present a realistic interpretation of the current energy data. The bottom-up approach allows detailed consideration of end use intensity, equipment efficiency, etc., thus facilitating assessment of potential impacts of specific policy and technology changes on building energy use. The results suggest that: (1) commercial energy consumption in China's current statistics is underestimated by about 44%, and the fuel mix is misleading; (2) energy efficiency improvements will not be sufficient to offset the strong increase in end-use penetration and intensity in commercial buildings; (3) energy intensity (particularly electricity) in commercial buildings will increase; (4) different GDP growth and elasticity scenarios could lead to a wide range of floor area growth trajectories , and therefore, significantly impact energy consumption in commercial buildings.

Zhou, Nan; Lin, Jiang

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Modeling energy consumption of residential furnaces and boilers in U.S. homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2001, DOE initiated a rulemaking process to consider whether to amend the existing energy efficiency standards for furnaces and boilers. A key factor in DOE's consideration of new standards is their cost-effectiveness to consumers. Determining cost-effectiveness requires an appropriate comparison of the additional first cost of energy efficiency design options with the savings in operating costs. This report describes calculation of equipment energy consumption (fuel and electricity) based on estimated conditions in a sample of homes that are representative of expected furnace and boiler installations. To represent actual houses with furnaces and boilers in the United States, we used a set of houses from the Residential Energy Consumption Survey of 1997 conducted by the Energy Information Administration. Our calculation methodology estimates the energy consumption of alternative (more-efficient) furnaces, if they were to be used in each house in place of the existing equipment. We developed the method of calculation described in this report for non-weatherized gas furnaces. We generalized the energy consumption calculation for this product class to the other furnace product classes. Fuel consumption calculations for boilers are similar to those for the other furnace product classes. The electricity calculations for boilers are simpler than for furnaces, because boilers do not provide thermal distribution for space cooling as furnaces often do.

Lutz, James; Dunham-Whitehead, Camilla; Lekov, Alex; McMahon, James

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Energy consumption of bioclimatic buildings in Argentina during the period 2001–2008  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy performance of two bioclimatic buildings located in Santa Rosa city, a temperate semi-arid agricultural region of central Argentina, is analysed. The bioclimatic design included direct solar gain, thermal inertia, natural ventilation, thermal insulation, external shading, building orientation, and dwelling grouping. Each double-story building is aligned on an East–West axis and it has a compact shape with 350 m2 of useful floor area (58 m2/apartment). The solar collection area is around 18% of the apartment's useful area on the ground floor and 14% on the upper floor. This paper describes the energy performance of the buildings during the period 2001–2008. The analysis includes: (a) the energy consumption (natural gas and electricity) during 2001–2007 (natural gas: annually, bimonthly; electricity: monthly); (b) the natural gas consumption and the thermal behaviour during the winters of year 2001 (between July 27 and August 3) and 2008 (between August 8 and 13); (c) the daily natural gas consumption and the thermal behaviour during 2001 and 2008 winters; (d) the comparison between the energy consumption for heating in bioclimatic and conventional buildings. The authors concluded that the results confirm the large potential of solar buildings design to reach significant levels of energy saving. The comparison of solar and conventional buildings in terms of natural gas consumption demonstrates the magnitude of such potential.

C. Filippín; S. Flores Larsen; M. Canori

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Electricity consumption and economic growth in transition countries: A revisit using bootstrap panel Granger causality analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to revisit the Granger causal relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth for 15 transition economies for the period 1975–2010 using a bootstrap panel causality approach that allows for both cross-sectional dependency and for heterogeneity across countries. Applying this approach, we found a unidirectional causality running from electricity consumption to economic growth only in Belarus and Bulgaria; from economic growth to electricity consumption in the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania and the Russian Federation; bidirectional causality only in Ukraine while no Granger causality in any direction in Albania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovak Republic and Slovenia. These results show that there is a limited support for the electricity-led growth hypothesis. Nevertheless these different findings provide important implications for energy strategies and policies for transition countries.

Yemane Wolde-Rufael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Understanding household energy consumption patterns: When “West Is Best” in Metro Manila  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper addresses the topic of energy and development through a multi-disciplinary and systemic approach that combines environmental considerations with a social understanding of consumption. The focus is on electricity usage in the home and specifically lighting and cooling. Set in the urban mega-polis of Metro Manila, the Philippines, energy consumption is first placed in its biophysical perspective: the energy sources and electricity grid are presented, in relation to the Philippines as well as the region. The research findings then explore the social and cultural drivers behind household electricity consumption, revealing in several examples the strong influence of globalization—understood here as the flow of people, remittances, images and ideas. Policy recommendations are provided, based on the research results, with concluding remarks relevant to other similar contexts.

Marlyne D. Sahakian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Is Aquaculture Pro-Poor? Empirical Evidence of Impacts on Fish Consumption in Bangladesh  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Aquaculture is widely held to contribute to poverty reduction and food security in the Global South, but robust evidence is limited. Using nationally representative data from Bangladesh, this study analyses changes in fish consumption from 2000 to 2010. Rapid expansion of commercial aquaculture pegged down fish prices, resulting in increased fish consumption by extreme poor and moderate poor consumers and those in rural areas. These outcomes are closely linked to the pro-poor nature of national economic growth during this period. These findings contribute to a broadening of the debate on whether the growth of aquaculture in Bangladesh has been pro-poor.

Kazi Ali Toufique; Ben Belton

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

The role of natural gas consumption and trade in Tunisia's output  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper examines the impact of natural gas consumption, real gross fixed capital formation and trade on the real GDP in the case of Tunisia over the period 1980–2010. We use an Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach to test for cointegration between the variables. The Toda–Yamamoto approach is then used to test for causality. Our findings indicate the existence of a long-term relationship between the variables. Natural gas consumption, real gross fixed capital formation and trade add in economic growth. Natural gas consumption, real gross fixed capital formation and real trade cause real GDP in Tunisia. These findings open up new insights for policymakers to formulate a comprehensive energy policy to sustain economic growth in the long-term.

Sahbi Farhani; Muhammad Shahbaz; Mohamed Arouri; Frédéric Teulon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential andCommercial Building Stock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a simple spreadsheet-based tool for estimating window-related energy consumption in the United States. Using available data on the properties of the installed US window stock, we estimate that windows are responsible for 2.15 quadrillion Btu (Quads) of heating energy consumption and 1.48 Quads of cooling energy consumption annually. We develop estimates of average U-factor and SHGC for current window sales. We estimate that a complete replacement of the installed window stock with these products would result in energy savings of approximately 1.2 quads. We demonstrate that future window technologies offer energy savings potentials of up to 3.9 Quads.

Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

205

Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2002;" 6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Selected NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." ,,"S e l e c t e d","W o o d","a n d","W o o d -","R e l a t e d","P r o d u c t s" ,,,,,"B i o m a s s" ,,,,,,"Wood Residues" ,,,,,,"and","Wood-Related" " "," ","Pulping Liquor"," "," ","Wood","Byproducts","and","RSE",," " "NAICS"," ","or","Biomass","Agricultural","Harvested Directly","from Mill","Paper-Related","Row"

206

Table N5.2. Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 1998  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 1998;" 2. Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Selected NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." ,,"S e l e c t e d","W o o d","a n d","W o o d -","R e l a t e d","P r o d u c t s" ,,,,,"B i o m a s s" ,,,,,,"Wood Residues" ,,,,,,"and","Wood-Related" " "," ","Pulping Liquor"," "," ","Wood","Byproducts","and","RSE",," " "NAICS"," ","or","Biomass","Agricultural","Harvested Directly","from Mill","Paper-Related","Row"

207

Chronic Ethanol Consumption Profoundly Alters Regional Brain Ceramide and Sphingomyelin Content in Rodents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chronic Ethanol Consumption Profoundly Alters Regional Brain Ceramide and Sphingomyelin Content in Rodents ... In a mouse model of chronic alcohol exposure, 16 CER and 18 sphingomyelin (SM) concentrations from whole brain lipid extracts were measured using electrospray mass spectrometry. ... Most of the CER and SM quantified in whole brain extracts were detected in MILDI images. ...

Aurelie Roux; Ludovic Muller; Shelley N. Jackson; Katherine Baldwin; Virginia Womack; John G. Pagiazitis; Joseph R. O’Rourke; Panayotis K. Thanos; Carey Balaban; J. Albert Schultz; Nora D. Volkow; Amina S. Woods

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

208

Coal consumption: An alternate energy resource to fuel economic growth in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study is an attempt to revisit the causal relationship between coal consumption and economic growth in case of Pakistan. The present study covers the period of 1974–2010. The direction of causality between the variables is investigated by applying the VECM Granger causality approach. Our findings have exposed that there exists bidirectional Granger causality between economic growth and coal consumption. The Cumulative Sum (CUSUM) and Cumulative Sum of Square (CUSUMSQ) diagrams have not found any structural instability over the period of 1974–2010.

Saqlain Latif Satti; Muhammad Shahid Hassan; Haider Mahmood; Muhammad Shahbaz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

WATER USE IN LCA Life cycle consumptive water use for oil shale development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WATER USE IN LCA Life cycle consumptive water use for oil shale development and implications Heidelberg 2013 Abstract Purpose Oil shale is an unconventional petroleum source that can be produced domestically in the USA. Oil shale resources are primarily located in Utah, Wyoming, and Colorado, within

Jaramillo, Paulina

210

Comfort, Indoor Air Quality, and Energy Consumption in Low Energy Homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the results of an in-depth evaluation of energy consumption and thermal comfort for two potential net zero-energy homes (NZEHs) in Massachusetts, as well as an indoor air quality (IAQ) evaluation performed in conjunction with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL).

Engelmann, P.; Roth, K.; Tiefenbeck, V.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

SIMULATING ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF AUXILIARY UNITS IN HEAVY VEHICLES1 Niklas Pettersson, Karl Henrik Johansson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the modelling language Modelica. The library contains a mixture of models developed from physical principlesSIMULATING ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF AUXILIARY UNITS IN HEAVY VEHICLES1 Niklas Pettersson, Karl Henrik and models fitted to collected data. Modelling of the cooling system is described in some detail. Simulation

Johansson, Karl Henrik

212

Prospective Study of Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Oral Premalignant Lesions in Men  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the prospective quality of the investigation...including beer, red wine, white wine...0.3 mg/dL increase in serum high-density...observed similar increases in OPL risk with consumption of wine, beer, or liquor...12.5 g/d increase in wine, compared with...

Nancy Nairi Maserejian; Kaumudi J. Joshipura; Bernard A. Rosner; Edward Giovannucci; and Athanasios I. Zavras

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Fact #838: September 15, 2014 Net Imports of Petroleum were Only 33% of U.S. Consumption in 2013- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #838: Net Imports of Petroleum were Only 33% of U.S. Consumption in 2013

214

Distributed Energy Consumption Control via Real-Time Pricing Feedback in Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on game- theoretic energy consumption scheduling for theK }). We denote the energy consumption of consumers as l kwhere l i k is the energy consumption of consumer i (i ? N )

Ma, Kai; Hu, Guoqiang; Spanos, Costas J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

window related primary energy consumption of the US building= 1.056 EJ. “Primary” energy consumption includes a site-to-the amount of primary energy consumption required by space

Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

e d u c i n g Primary Energy Consumption and C O 2 emissionssystem can reduce primary energy consumption by about 22system can reduce primary energy consumption by about 26

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Tallow Biodiesel: Properties Evaluation and Consumption Tests in a Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tallow Biodiesel: Properties Evaluation and Consumption Tests in a Diesel Engine ... Then, the mixture of alkyl esters of fatty acids from vegetable oils or animal fats is named biodiesel and used in diesel engines, pure or blended with mineral diesel. ... Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (1998), 37 (9), 3768-3771 CODEN: IECRED; ISSN:0888-5885. ...

Maria Silvana Aranda Moraes; Laiza Canielas Krause; Michele Espinosa da Cunha; Candice Shimitt Faccini; Eliana Weber de Menezes; Renato Cataluńa Veses; Maria Regina Alves Rodrigues; Elina Bastos Caramăo

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Wood pellets production costs and energy consumption under different framework conditions in Northeast Argentina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of cleaner and renewable energy sources are needed in order to reduce dependency and global warming. Wood pellets are a clean renewable fuel and has been considered as one of the substitutes for fossil fuels. In Argentina, large quantities of sawmill residues are still unused and wood pellets production could be seen as both, as an environmental solution and an extra economical benefit. The general aim of this study was to determine the wood pellets production costs and energy consumption under different framework conditions in northeast Argentina. The specific costs of wood pellets for the different scenarios showed relative lower costs comparing to the ones reported in other studies, ranging from 35 to 47 €/Mgpellets. Raw material costs represented the main cost factor in the calculation of the total pellets production costs. A lower specific production cost was observed when 50% of the raw material input was wood shavings. The specific electricity consumption per metric ton of pellet was lower in scenarios with higher production rate. Lower heat energy consumption was observed in scenarios that have a mixed raw material input. The most promising framework condition for Northeast Argentina, in terms of costs effectiveness and energy consumption could be acquired with production rates of 6 Mg/h with sawdust and wood shavings as raw material. However, simultaneous increment of the electricity by 50% and raw material price by 100% may increase the specific costs up to 50%.

Augusto Uasuf; Gero Becker

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Minimum Energy Consumption in Multicomponent Distillation. 3. More Than Three Products and Generalized Petlyuk Arrangements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimum Energy Consumption in Multicomponent Distillation. 3. More Than Three Products-component feed into M products has been derived. Interestingly, the minimum-energy solution in a complex solution of minimum energy for distillation of a multicomponent feed into multiple products has not been

Skogestad, Sigurd

220

The Model Is Not Enough: Understanding Energy Consumption in Mobile Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Model Is Not Enough: Understanding Energy Consumption in Mobile Devices James Bornholt also made energy a fundamental concern of software developers. On the desktop, software developers generally ignored energy, but in the mobile environment, battery life is critical to the user experience

McKinley, Kathryn S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The nexus of electricity consumption, economic growth and CO2 emissions in the BRICS countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study reexamines the causal link between electricity consumption, economic growth and CO2 emissions in the BRICS countries (i.e., Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) for the period 1990–2010, using panel causality analysis, accounting for dependency and heterogeneity across countries. Regarding the electricity–GDP nexus, the empirical results support evidence on the feedback hypothesis for Russia and the conservation hypothesis for South Africa. However, a neutrality hypothesis holds for Brazil, India and China, indicating neither electricity consumption nor economic growth is sensitive to each other in these three countries. Regarding the GDP–CO2 emissions nexus, a feedback hypothesis for Russia, a one-way Granger causality running from GDP to CO2 emissions in South Africa and reverse relationship from CO2 emissions to GDP in Brazil is found. There is no evidence of Granger causality between GDP and CO2 emissions in India and China. Furthermore, electricity consumption is found to Granger cause CO2 emissions in India, while there is no Granger causality between electricity consumption and CO2 emissions in Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa. Therefore, the differing results for the BRICS countries imply that policies cannot be uniformly implemented as they will have different effects in each of the BRICS countries under study.

Wendy N. Cowan; Tsangyao Chang; Roula Inglesi-Lotz; Rangan Gupta

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Models for Optimization of Energy Consumption of Pumps in a Wastewater Processing Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Models for Optimization of Energy Consumption of Pumps in a Wastewater Processing Plant Zijun Zhang in the wastewater preliminary treatment process is discussed. Data- mining algorithms are utilized to develop pump performance models based on industrial data collected at a municipal wastewater processing plant

Kusiak, Andrew

223

A simple system for nutritional studies with chronic consumption of liquid diet in rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short note A simple system for nutritional studies with chronic consumption of liquid diet in rats to rats without any loss by evapora- tion is described. A liquid diet stirred continuously is offered to rats in water bottles. The diet is made available to the animals without any clotting throughout the 24

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

224

Orexin-1 receptor antagonism decreases ethanol consumption and preference selectively in high-ethanolepreferring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Orexin-1 receptor antagonism decreases ethanol consumption and preference selectively in high for morphine, cocaine, and food. Other groups have demonstrated a connection between the ORX system and ethanol between ethanol preference and the ORX system. In Experiment 1, rats were trained to drink 10% ethanol

Aston-Jones, Gary

225

An assessment of operations of oil-exporting countries in terms of energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions from 16 oil-exporting countries are studied using Data Envelopment Analysis using indicators representing economic growth, energy consumption and emissions. The analysis for 1996 shows that Norway, Gabon and Nigeria are efficient and that Russia is inefficient. Malmquist Productivity Index analysis shows that there is progress in achieving higher values of GDP and non-fossil fuel consumption and in achieving lower values of fossil fuel consumption and carbon emissions in the year 1996 when compared with 1992 for Norway, Russia, Mexico, Algeria, Libya, Gabon and Oman.

Ramakrishnan Ramanathan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Monitoring building energy consumption, thermal performance, and indoor air quality in a cold climate region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Buildings are major consumers of the world's energy. Optimizing energy consumption of buildings during operation can significantly reduce their impact on the global environment. Monitoring the energy usage and performance is expected to aid in reducing the energy consumption of occupants. In this regard, this paper describes a framework for sensor-based monitoring of energy performance of buildings under occupancy. Different types of sensors are installed at different locations in 12 apartment units in a building in Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada to assess occupant energy usage, thermal performance of the building envelope, and indoor air quality (IAQ). The relationship between heating energy consumption and the thermal performance of building envelope and occupant comfort level is investigated by analyzing the monitoring data. The results show that the extent of heat loss, occupant comfort level, and appliance usage patterns have significant impacts on heating energy and electricity consumption. This study also identifies the factors influencing the poor IAQ observed in some case-study units. In the long term, it is expected that the extracted information acquired from the monitoring system can be used to support intelligent decisions to save energy, and can be implemented by the building management system to achieve financial, environmental, and health benefits.

Tanzia Sharmin; Mustafa Gül; Xinming Li; Veselin Ganev; Ioanis Nikolaidis; Mohamed Al-Hussein

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Developing a tool to estimate water withdrawal and consumption in electricity generation in the United States.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Freshwater consumption for electricity generation is projected to increase dramatically in the next couple of decades in the United States. The increased demand is likely to further strain freshwater resources in regions where water has already become scarce. Meanwhile, the automotive industry has stepped up its research, development, and deployment efforts on electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Large-scale, escalated production of EVs and PHEVs nationwide would require increased electricity production, and so meeting the water demand becomes an even greater challenge. The goal of this study is to provide a baseline assessment of freshwater use in electricity generation in the United States and at the state level. Freshwater withdrawal and consumption requirements for power generated from fossil, nonfossil, and renewable sources via various technologies and by use of different cooling systems are examined. A data inventory has been developed that compiles data from government statistics, reports, and literature issued by major research institutes. A spreadsheet-based model has been developed to conduct the estimates by means of a transparent and interactive process. The model further allows us to project future water withdrawal and consumption in electricity production under the forecasted increases in demand. This tool is intended to provide decision makers with the means to make a quick comparison among various fuel, technology, and cooling system options. The model output can be used to address water resource sustainability when considering new projects or expansion of existing plants.

Wu, M.; Peng, J. (Energy Systems); ( NE)

2011-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

228

Petri net based evaluation of energy consumption in wireless sensor nodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wireless Sensor Networks have proven their capability to deal with problems where wide and hardly accessible areas need to be monitored. Among the other systems there are also sensor networks in which nodes can voluntarily modify their positions to better ... Keywords: Environmental Monitoring, Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets, Power Consumption Modelling, Power-Aware Systems

Maurizio D'Arienzo; Mauro Iacono; Stefano Marrone; Roberto Nardone

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

A Novel Collaboration Paradigm for Reducing Energy Consumption and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Data Centres  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......sources is free of costs for fuel, but to be able to compensate...this can even be extended to average or even minor customers. 3...level being associated with a price and power consumption. In this...complexity and may have collateral effects (for example, UPS batteries......

D. Rincón; A. Agustí-Torra; J.F. Botero; F. Raspall; D. Remondo; X. Hesselbach; M.T. Beck; H. de Meer; F. Niedermeier; G. Giuliani

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Simulation and Analysis of Energy Consumption of Public Building in Chongquig  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calculation and analysis of energy consumption must be on the base of simulation of building load. DeST is adopted to calculate dynamic cooling load of the main building in Chongqing city. Then water chilling unit's plant capability is checked...

Chen, G.; Lu, J.; Chen, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

PSM-throttling: Minimizing Energy Consumption for Bulk Data Communications in WLANs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effectively explore the power saving potential by considering the bandwidth throttling on streaming saving mode (PSM) and its enhancements can reduce power consumption by putting the wireless network. In this paper, instead of further manipulating the trade-off between the power saving and the incurred delay, we

Chen, Songqing

232

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vibration sensors, for inferring electrical consumption when direct measurementvibration and light sensors, we can increase our coverage, especially in places where direct electrical measurementAND MEASUREMENT Building A/C Unit ? Accelerometer ? Fig (A) accel x Building A/C Unit ? Vibration

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

A macroeconomic analysis of electricity consumption in Tunisia: energy policy implications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electricity demand forecasting is becoming an essential instrument for energy management policy in a liberalised electricity market. To address the needs, an electricity consumption forecasting model based on macroeconomic factors for Tunisia during the period of 1971 to 2008 has been investigated. A cointegration and error correction model incorporated with causality analysis present an appropriate framework for studying the aggregate electricity demand. It is found that the there are long run relationships between electricity consumption, real income, population and the consumer price index. For causality results, it was found there are unidirectional relationships from electricity consumption to real income, from electricity consumption to consumer price index and from population to real income. The results from our study might be useful for the government in forming appropriate energy policies. Indeed, the policymaker would visibly pose problems for electricity security by increasing investment in the electricity supply sector in order to cope with the increasing demand and undertaking more research to sustain their social, economic and environmental needs by implementing an energy efficiency measures.

NĂ©jib ChouaĂŻbi; Tahar Abdessalem

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

THE EFFECTS OF COUNTERFEIT ON LUXURY BRAND BUYING BEHAVIOR, IN TERMS OF CONSUMPTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and exclusive brand image of their products, all the while limiting accessibility. It is paradoxicalTHE EFFECTS OF COUNTERFEIT ON LUXURY BRAND BUYING BEHAVIOR, IN TERMS OF CONSUMPTION EXPERIENCE COLLOQUIUM MARKETING TRENDS PARIS, JANUARY 20-22 2011 THE EFFECTS OF COUNTERFEIT ON LUXURY BRAND BUYING

Boyer, Edmond

235

Federal Government’s Energy Consumption Lowest in Almost 40 Years  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

While the U.S. federal government continues to be one of the largest energy consumers in the world, its consumption has been steadily declining for nearly four decades, and now stands at less than 1 quadrillion British thermal units, the lowest since 1975, when data collection began. Find out how our Federal Energy Management Program helped agencies achieve this milestone.

236

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Act Electric vehicle Feed-in Tariff Gigawatt U.S. Departmentinitiatives are the Feed-in Tariff (FIT) and the Renewablesuch as a revamped feed-in tariff ( FIT) or a utility-driven

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Recent Trends in Emerging Transportation Fuels and Energy Consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several recent trends indicate current developments in energy and transportation fuels. World trade in biofuels is developing in ethanol, wood chips, and vegetable oil / biodiesel with some countries being exp...

B. G. Bunting

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Shooters : culture and consumption in Australian gun clubs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis explores cultural aspects of consumer behaviour in Australian target shooting clubs. It is the culmination of nine years of ethnographic research commencing in… (more)

MacCarthy, Martin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et al. (2005). Renewable energy policies and markets in theefficiency and renewable energy policy in the state. Inand Renewable Energy Technology and Policy. Washington,

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Reducing energy consumption and pollution in plastic manufacturing processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is to understand the phase behavior of ethylene copolymers in compressible fluid streams, such as copolymer solutions in supercritical and near critical fluids.

Radosz, Maciej

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Operational energy consumption and GHG emissions in residential sector in urban China : an empirical study in Jinan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Driven by rapid urbanization and increasing household incomes, residential energy consumption in urban China has been growing steadily in the past decade, posing critical energy and greenhouse gas emission challenges. ...

Zhang, Jiyang, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Effects of Tillage Practices on Water Consumption, Water Use Efficiency and Grain Yield in Wheat Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Water shortage is a serious issue threatening the sustainable development of agriculture in the North China Plain, with the winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) as its largest water-consuming crop. The effects of tillage practices on the water consumption and water use efficiency (WUE) of wheat under high-yield conditions using supplemental irrigation based on testing soil moisture dynamic change were examined in this study. This experiment was conducted from 2007 to 2010, with five tillage practice treatments, namely, strip rotary tillage (SR), strip rotary tillage after subsoiling (SRS), rotary tillage (R), rotary tillage after subsoiling (RS), and plowing tillage (P). The results showed that in the SRS and RS treatments the total water and soil water consumptions were 11.81, 25.18% and 12.16, 14.75% higher than those in SR and R treatments, respectively. The lowest ratio of irrigation consumption to total water consumption in the SRS treatment was 18.53 and 21.88% for the 2008–2009 and 2009–2010 growing seasons, respectively. However, the highest percentage of water consumption was found in the SRS treatment from anthesis to maturity. No significant difference was found between the WUE of the flag leaf at the later filling stage in the SRS and RS treatments, but the flag leaf WUE at these stages were higher than those of other treatments. The SRS and RS treatments exhibited the highest grain yield (9573.76 and 9507.49 kg ha?1 for 3-yr average) with no significant difference between the two treatments, followed by P, R and SR treatments. But the SRS treatment had the highest WUE. Thus, the 1-yr subsoiling tillage, plus 2 yr of strip rotary planting operation may be an efficient measure to increase wheat yield and WUE.

Cheng-yan ZHENG; Zhen-wen YU; Yu SHI; Shi-ming CUI; Dong WANG; Yong-li ZHANG; Jun-ye ZHAO

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

What Goes Up: Recent Trends in China's Energy Consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1996, China's energy output has dropped by 17%, while primary energy use has fallen by 4%, driven almost entirely by shrinking output from coal mines and declining direct use. Since China is the world's second-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, it is important to understand the sources of this apparent transformation, and whether it portends a permanent change in patterns of energy use. This remarkable reversal of the long-term expansion of energy use has occurred even as the economy has continued to grow, albeit more slowly than in the early 1990s. Generation of electric power has risen, implying a steep fall in end uses, particularly in industry. Available information points to a variety of forces contributing to this phenomenon, including rapid improvements in coal quality, structural changes in industry, shutdowns of factories in both the state-owned and non-state segments of the economy, improvements in end-use efficiency, and greater use of gas and electricity in households. A combination of slowing economic growth, industrial restructuring, broader economic system reforms, and environmental and energy-efficiency policies has apparently led to at least a temporary decline in, and perhaps a long-term reduction in the growth of energy use, and therefore greenhouse gas emissions.

Sinton, Jonathan E.; Fridley, David G.

2000-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

244

Estimating response to price signals in residential electricity consumption.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Based on a previous empirical study of the effect of a residential demand response program in Sala, Sweden, this project  investigated the economic consequences… (more)

Huang, Yizhang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

OpenEI - consumption  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

91/0 en Operational water 91/0 en Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/969 This dataset is from the report Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies: a review of existing literature (J. Macknick, R. Newmark, G. Heath and K.C. Hallett) and provides estimates of operational water withdrawal and water consumption factors for electricity generating technologies in the United States. Estimates of water factors were collected from published primary literature and were not modified except for unit conversions.

License

246

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar incentive programs, direct subsidies for energy efficiency audits and projects,solar contactors are not in business of selling energy efficiency, when in fact a hybrid projectprojects with an energy component— likely for energy efficiency measures even more so than for solar—

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Measuring mobile banking customers' channel attribute preferences in service consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of the paper was to measure mobile banking customers' channel attribute preferences in two different banking services, namely request for account balance service and bill paying. An Internet survey was implemented and conjoint analysis was used. In addition, the respondents were clustered into homogenous segments on the basis of their channel attribute preferences. The findings indicate slight differences between the services in respondents' channel attribute preferences while individual respondents' preferences vary widely. The results provide important information for service providers' marketing campaigns and communication activities and device manufacturers' aims to develop different kinds of devices for different market segments.

Tommi Laukkanen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

modules." Thin Film Solar Technology 7409(1). Wilson-Wright,conservation and solar technology through tax credits. Alimited the ERP to non-solar technologies, in deference to

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Information and Communication Technology in Energy Supply and Consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Before I get started, let me pose a question to you: despite facing the financial challenges around the world, is this not an exciting time to be in this industry? Of course this is a rhetorical question becau...

Guido Bartels

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Increasing the Consumption of Whole Grain Foods in School Meals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nutritious meals in their cafeterias, while maintaining customer acceptance of the foods. Whether or not students consume whole grains determines if these foods are served again. Input from participants determined which whole grain were foods tested...

Warren, Cynthia Ann

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

251

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar electric capacity on new homes, and to have solar electric systems on 50% of all new homes built in Californiasolar capacity installed; capacity more than quadrupled to 746 MW by the end of 2010 (CPUC 2011). California

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Photochemical oxygen consumption in marine waters: A major sink ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ern Massachusetts; salinity 30 psu) were filtered through 0.2- ..... Daily average clear sky solar intensity at 0 latitude, incident just below water surface, in a 10-nm

2000-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

253

Stand-by Electricity Consumption in Japanese Houses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years as Japanese household electrical appliances have become more multi-functional and high performance, the number of appliances that consume a little electricity even when turned off has grown. There...

Hidetoshi Nakagami; Akio Tanaka…

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Measuring mobile banking customers' channel attribute preferences in service consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of the paper was to measure mobile banking customers' channel attribute preferences in two different banking services, namely request for account balance service and bill paying. An Internet survey was implemented and conjoint analysis ... Keywords: account balance, bills payment, conjoint analysis, consumer preferences, customer preferences, financial services, m-banking, m-services, mobile banking, mobile communications, mobile services

Tommi Laukkanen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

METHODOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS IN IMPUTATION, FOOD CONSUMPTION AND OBESITY RESEARCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Actual and Predicted Price per 100g ... 101 C.1 Parameter Estimates, Sample Sizes, Goodness-of-Fit Statistics, F-Statistics of Model Fit and Their p-Values for Commercially Prepared Foods .................. 154 C.2 Parameter Estimates, Sample... Sizes, Goodness-of-Fit Statistics, F-Statistics of Model Fit and Their p-Values for Ingredient Foods ....................................... 171 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Obesity is a rapidly growing public health threat reaching epidemic...

Kyureghian, Gayaneh

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

256

Optimization to reduce fuel consumption in charge depleting mode  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A powertrain includes an internal combustion engine, a motor utilizing electrical energy from an energy storage device, and a plug-in connection. A Method for controlling the powertrain includes monitoring a fuel cut mode, ceasing a fuel flow to the engine based upon the fuel cut mode, and through a period of operation including acceleration of the powertrain, providing an entirety of propelling torque to the powertrain with the electrical energy from the energy storage device based upon the fuel cut mode.

Roos, Bryan Nathaniel; Martini, Ryan D.

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

257

Retrofits: A Means for Reducing Energy Consumption in Ammonia Manufacture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

preheated using process waste heat and then passed through the expander before flowing to the fuel system. About 1000-1500 BHP can be developed de pending on fuel gas pressure, waste heat availa bility, and other factors. This power can be used to drive... boiler. A gas turbine is more attractive and more easily in tegrated into the system when export steam is de sired. When power cost is low, it may be desirable to change small, inefficient steam turbine drives to electric motor drives. Naturally...

LeBlanc, J. R.; Moore, D. O.; Schneider, R. V., III

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Optimal consumption strategies under model uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal consumption strategies under model uncertainty Christian Burgert, Ludger R of finding optimal consumption strategies in an incomplete semimartingale market model under model uncertainty. The quality of a consumption strategy is measured by not only one probability measure

RĂĽschendorf, Ludger

259

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Low Power Mode Energy Consumption”, Energy Efficiency inEnergy Consumption ..26 3.1.3. 3D TV Energy Consumption and Efficiency

Park, Won Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Modelling the impact of user behaviour on heat energy consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

strategies impact on energy consumption in residentialBEHAVIOUR ON HEAT ENERGY CONSUMPTION Nicola Combe 1 ,2 ,nearly 60% of domestic energy consumption and 27% of total

Combe, Nicola Miss; Harrison, David Professor; Way, Celia Miss

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a forecast for total energy consumption in network standbyconsiderable impact on total energy consumption from TVs.factors affecting total energy consumption. Although further

Park, Won Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China’s Largest Industrial Enterprises Through the Top-1000Top-1000 Energy- Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in ChinaTop-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program : Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

This paper introduces a methodology for estimation of energy consumption in peripherals such as audio and video devices.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT This paper introduces a methodology for estimation of energy consumption in peripherals such as audio and video devices. Peripherals can be responsible for significant amount of the energy consumption in current embedded systems. We introduce a cycle- accurate energy simulator and profiler capable

Simunic, Tajana

264

Lifestyle change and energy use in Japan: Household equipment and energy consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy use in the Japanese residential sector has more than doubled (on a per-household basis) during the post-war period. Important factors contributing to the increase include changes in the types of housing built, heating, cooling, water-heating equipment, and other appliances. In this paper, the developments of household equipment and living conditions in Japan are described, from their 1950s state to the present. Trends in energy consumption by fuel types and end uses are reviewed over the same period. The past trends are combined with expectations for future developments in household equipment and quality, as well as with international comparisons of household-energy use, to predict further increases in household-energy consumption. The results indicate the importance of a renewed emphasis on energy efficiency in the residential sector.

Hidetoshi Nakagami

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Energy Information Administration - Transportation Energy Consumption...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption Transportation Energy Consumption Surveys energy used by vehicles EIA conducts numerous energy-related surveys and other information programs. In general, the...

266

Minimization of energy consumption in HVAC systems with data-driven models and an interior-point method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimization of energy consumption in HVAC systems with data-driven models and an interior online 13 June 2014 Keywords: HVAC Interior-point method Internal heat gain Multilayer perceptron-driven approach is applied to minimize energy consumption of a heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC

Kusiak, Andrew

267

Indexes of Consumption and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Figure on manufacturing production indexes and purchased energy consumption Figure on manufacturing production indexes and purchased energy consumption Source: Energy Information Administration and Federal Reserve Board. History of Shipments This chart presents indices of 14 years (1980-1994) of historical data of manufacturing production indexes and Purchased (Offsite-Produced) Energy consumption, using 1992 as the base year (1992 = 100). Indexing both energy consumption and production best illustrates the trends in output and consumption. Taken separately, these two indices track the relative growth rates within the specified industry. Taken together, they reveal trends in energy efficiency. For example, a steady increase in output, coupled with a decline in energy consumption, represents energy efficiency gains. Likewise, steadily rising energy consumption with a corresponding decline in output illustrates energy efficiency losses.

268

Use of Computer Simulation to Reduce the Energy Consumption in a Tall Office Building in Dubai-UAE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

increasing the cooling load due to its heat dissipation. Proper design for the maximization of natural light helps reduce the use of artificial lights and results in reduction in the buildings energy consumption. Computer simulation of the lighting and energy...

Abu-Hijleh, B.; Abu-Dakka, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Economic, energy and ecological aspects of energy resource consumption in Ukraine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article, the main directions of state policy in the field of energy conservation are considered. An analysis of the energy and economic situation are carried out and the conditions and directions of development of the fuel and energy complex in Ukraine are shown. The subject of energy conservation policy is determined, its priority directions chosen, the evaluation of energy consumption efficiency and potential for energy conservation and also necessary costs for its realisation are discussed. An analysis of energy consumption is given and its structure and dynamics are shown. The environmental problems of the fuel and energy complex in Ukraine are also considered. The main directions of markets reformation in the energy sector are discussed. Energy carrier prices and their development since 1990 are shown.

N. Gnedoy; S. Dubovskoy; M. Kulik

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Differentiated long term projections of the hourly electricity consumption in local areas. The case of Denmark West  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Assessing grid developments the spatial distribution of the electricity consumption is important. In Denmark the electricity grid consists of transmission – and local distribution grids with different voltages that are connected via transformer stations each covering a local area with between 10.000 and 100.000 customers. Data for the hourly electricity consumption at transformer stations shows that the profile of consumption differs considerably between local areas, and this is partly due to a different weight of categories of customers in the different areas. Categories of customers have quite distinct consumption profiles and contribute quite differently to the aggregated load profile. In forecasts, demand by categories of customers is expected to develop differently implying that both the level and the profile of consumption at each transformer stations are expected to change differently. Still, in the previous planning of the transmission grid in Denmark specific local conditions have not been considered. As a first step towards differentiated local load forecasts, the paper presents a new model for long term projections of consumption in local areas and illustrates a first use of the model related to the transmission grid planning by the Danish TSO Energinet.dk. The model is a distribution system that distributes hourly consumption in an aggregated area to hourly consumption at each transformer station. Using econometrics, the model is estimated on national statistics for the hourly consumption by categories of customers and data for the hourly consumption at each transformer station for the years 2009–2011. Applying the model for load forecasts, a major conclusion is that different transformer stations will experience different changes both in the level - and in the hourly profile of load.

F.M. Andersen; H.V. Larsen; N. Juul; R.B. Gaardestrup

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Ways to reduce the specific consumption of materials in the production of lower olefins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The most common method of producing lower olefins, i.e., ethylene and propylene, is the thermal pyrolysis of straight-run gasoline in tube furnaces with subsequent low-temperature separation of the pyrolysis gas. The basic technology of reducing materials consumption in this petrochemical process is discussed. A long-term plan for conserving feedstock and material resources in the production of ethylene is described.

Chernykh, S.P.; Zizyukin, V.K.; Mukhina, T.N.; Zelentsova, N.I.; Avrekh, G.L.; Babash, S.E.; Shamrai, O.B.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

An Approach for Reducing Energy Consumption in Factories by Providing Suitable Energy Efficiency Measures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Energy efficiency has developed into an important objective for industrial enterprises. However, there is still a need for systematic approaches to reduce energy consumption in factories. Existing methods focus on the optimization of manufacturing processes and lack upon considering the entire factory system. Additionally, they are based on a detailed quantitative analysis of processes and thus, they need a high effort during the phase of data acquisition. Therefore, an approach for reducing energy consumption by providing energy efficiency measures to factory planning participants was developed in order to overcome these barriers. The general approach is described in this paper and supported with a use case that demonstrates the required information and possible outcomes in terms of energy efficiency information. Main advantages of this approach are reducing the effort to acquire energy data and the possibility to consider the factory system holistically.

Manuela Krones; Egon Müller

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Low-Energy Astrophysics: Stimulating the Reduction of Energy Consumption in the Next Decade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we address the consumption of energy by astronomers while performing their professional duties. Although we find that astronomy uses a negligible fraction of the US energy budget, the rate at which energy is consumed by an average astronomer is similar to that of a typical high-flying businessperson. We review some of the ways in which astronomers are already acting to reduce their energy consumption. In the coming decades, all citizens will have to reduce their energy consumption to conserve fossil fuel reserves and to help avert a potentially catastrophic change in the Earth's climate. The challenges are the same for astronomers as they are for everyone: decreasing the distances we travel and investing in energy-efficient infrastructure. The high profile of astronomy in the media, and the great public interest in our field, can play a role in promoting energy-awareness to the wider population. Our specific recommendations are therefore to 1) reduce travel when possible, through efficient meeti...

Marshall, P J; Rykoff, E S; Shen, K J; Steinfadt, J D R; Fregeau, J; Chary, R-R; Sheth, K; Weiner, B; Henisey, K B; Quetin, E L; Antonucci, R; Kaplan, D; Jonsson, P; Auger, M W; Cardamone, C; Tao, T; Holz, D E; Bradac, M; Metcalfe, T S; McHugh, S; Elvis, M; Brewer, B J; Urrutia, T; Guo, F; Hovest, W; Nakajima, R; For, B -Q; Erb, D; Paneque, D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

One of These Homes is Not Like the Other: Residential Energy Consumption Variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption. Total energy consumption (in thousand BTUs) waselectricity and total energy consumption. Because all homesin gas, electric, and total energy consumption. Removing

Kelsven, Phillip

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Comparison and analysis of energy consumption of energy-efficient office buildings in different climate regions in China: case studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the energy consumption (EC) and find out the determining factors of energy-efficient office building cases according to specific case studies in typical cities of differ...

Ke Zhang; Neng Zhu

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Are Campaign Contributions Investment in the Political Marketplace or Individual Consumption? Or "Why Is There So Little Money in Politics?"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we argue that campaign contributions are not a form of policy-buying, but are rather a form of political participation and consumption. We summarize the ...

ANSOLABEHERE, STEPHEN

2003-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

277

Estimating the energy consumption and power demand of small power equipment in office buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Small power is a substantial energy end-use in office buildings in its own right, but also significantly contributes to internal heat gains. Technological advancements have allowed for higher efficiency computers, yet current working practices are demanding more out of digital equipment. Designers often rely on benchmarks to inform predictions of small power consumption, power demand and internal gains. These are often out of date and fail to account for the variability in equipment speciation and usage patterns in different offices. This paper details two models for estimating small power consumption in office buildings, alongside typical power demand profiles. The first model relies solely on the random sampling of monitored data, and the second relies on a ‘bottom-up’ approach to establish likely power demand and operational energy use. Both models were tested through a blind validation demonstrating a good correlation between metered data and monthly predictions of energy consumption. Prediction ranges for power demand profiles were also observed to be representative of metered data with minor exceptions. When compared to current practices, which often rely solely on the use of benchmarks, both proposed methods provide an improved approach to predicting the operational performance of small power equipment in offices.

A.C. Menezes; A. Cripps; R.A. Buswell; J. Wright; D. Bouchlaghem

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Effects of Magnetic Field on Fuel Consumption and Exhaust Emissions in Two-Stroke Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy of permanent magnets was used in this research for the treatment of vehicle fuel (Iraqi gasoline), to reducing consumption, as well as reducing the emission of certain pollutants rates. The experiments in current research comprise the using of permanent magnets with different intensity (2000, 4000, 6000, 9000) Gauss, which installed on the fuel line of the two-stroke engine, and study its impact on gasoline consumption, as well as exhaust gases. For the purpose of comparing the results necessitated the search for experiments without the use of magnets. The overall performance and exhaust emission tests showed a good result, where the rate of reduction in gasoline consumption ranges between (9-14) %, and the higher the value of a reduction in the rate of 14% was obtained using field intensity 6000 Gauss as well as the intensity 9000 Gauss. It was found that the percentages of exhaust gas components (CO, HC) were decreased by 30%, 40% respectively, but CO2 percentage increased up to 10%. Absorption Spectrum of infrared and ultraviolet radiation showed a change in physical and chemical properties in the structure of gasoline molecules under the influence of the magnetic field. Surface tension of gasoline exposed to different intensities of magnetic field was measured and compared with these without magnetization.

Ali S. Faris; Saadi K. Al-Naseri; Nather Jamal; Raed Isse; Mezher Abed; Zainab Fouad; Akeel Kazim; Nihad Reheem; Ali Chaloob; Hazim Mohammad; Hayder Jasim; Jaafar Sadeq; Ali Salim; Aws Abas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2010; Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Selected NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. Wood Residues and Wood-Related Pulping Liquor Wood Byproducts and NAICS or Biomass Agricultural Harvested Directly from Mill Paper-Related Code(a) Subsector and Industry Black Liquor Total(b) Waste(c) from Trees(d) Processing(e) Refuse(f) Total United States 311 Food 0 44 43 * * 1 311221 Wet Corn Milling 0 1 1 0 0 0 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 0 1 0 0 1 0 321 Wood Products 0 218 * 13 199 6 321113 Sawmills 0 100 * 5 94 1 3212 Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Woods 0 95 * 6 87 2 321219 Reconstituted Wood Products 0 52 0 6 46 1 3219 Other Wood Products

280

Energy consumption and GHG emission scenarios of a university campus in Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study estimates energy consumption and related GHG emissions for the buildings and facilities of the main university campus at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). The campus has a built area of 1.3 km2. Based on the strategic plan of growth, a scenario analysis for 2020 was also developed estimating baseline and mitigation scenarios that include energy efficiency technologies and solar water heating. To estimate energy consumption, a representative sample of buildings and facilities by category was selected in order to develop level I and when possible level II energy audits. The study was complemented with results of level III energy audits performed in previous studies for some buildings. The bottom-up results from energy audits were compared to the electricity bill for the whole campus. We found that lighting represents 28% of total energy use, followed by special research equipment 17%, refrigeration 14%, and water heating that includes the Olympic swimming pool 9%. If energy efficiency technologies are applied for retrofitting and considered for new buildings in lighting, refrigeration, air conditioning; and a hybrid system (solar–electric–LPG) is used for water heating, energy consumption could be 7.5% less than in 2011 and CO2 emissions 11.3% less than in 2011.

Azucena Escobedo; Sonia Briceńo; Héctor Juárez; Daniel Castillo; Mireya Imaz; Claudia Sheinbaum

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Effect of daylighting on energy consumption and daylight quality in an existing elementary school  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

created for the base case and all proposed daylighting designs for building energy performance evaluation using the DOE-2 building energy simulation program. Daylight factors from the actual spaces, physical model measurements, and computer simulation... outputs were studied for trends iv in interior daylight illuminance levels. Annual energy consumption analyses were performed using DOE-2 and involved heating, cooling, and electrical energy use comparisons of all proposed designs with the base case...

Atre, Umesh Vinayak

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

282

The challenge of reducing energy consumption of the Top-1000 largest industrial enterprises in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2005, the Chinese government announced an ambitious goal of reducing energy consumption per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by 20% between 2005 and 2010. One of the key initiatives for realizing this goal is the Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises program. The energy consumption of these 1000 enterprises accounted for 33% of national and 47% of industrial energy usage in 2004. Under the Top-1000 program, 2010 energy consumption targets were determined for each enterprise. The objective of this article is to evaluate the program design and initial results, given limited information and data, to understand the possible implications of its success in terms of energy and carbon dioxide emission reductions and to recommend future program modifications based on international experience with similar target-setting agreement programs. Even though the Top-1000 program was designed and implemented rapidly, it appears that – depending upon the GDP growth rate – it could contribute to somewhere between approximately 10% and 25% of the savings required to support China's efforts to meet a 20% reduction in energy use per unit of GDP by 2010.

Lynn Price; Xuejun Wang; Jiang Yun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Energy consumption and financial development in Sub-Saharan Africa: a panel econometric analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigated the energy consumption-financial development linkage for Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Annual data for 26 countries spanning the period 1996 to 2009 was used to elicit answers on the questions of interest. This is the first attempt, as far as we are aware, at examining the linkage between shocks to and response of the energy and financial markets of SSA economies. Recent panel causality techniques are deployed to probe causal orderings both in the short- and long-run. The results suggest that regardless of the financial development measure, there is weak evidence for short-run causality. Contrariwise, there appears to be ample evidence in support of long-run causality particularly flowing from private sector credit as a share of GDP to total energy consumption. For electricity consumption, there is short-run and long-run causality from private sector credit to GDP ratio. In sum, these plausibly imply that a deeper financial system effectively allocates resources to the private sector enabling a scaling up in operations and by extension higher energy requirements.

Kazeem Ajide; William Bekoe; Jameelah Yaqub; Oluwatosin Adeniyi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Synthesis of Seafood Catch, Distribution, and Consumption Patterns in the Gulf of Mexico Region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this task was to gather and assemble information that will provide a synthesis of seafood catch, distribution and consumption patterns for the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) region. This task was part of a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-sponsored project entitled ''Environmental and Economic Assessment of Discharges from Gulf of Mexico Region Oil and Gas Operations.'' Personal interviews were conducted with a total of 905 recreational fishermen and 218 commercial fishermen (inclusive of shrimpers, crabbers, oystermen and finfishermen) in Louisiana and Texas using survey questionnaires developed for the study. Results of these interviews detail the species and quantities caught, location of catch, mode of fishing, distribution of catch, family consumption patterns and demographics of the fishermen.

Steimle and Associates, Inc.

1999-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

285

Economic growth, electricity consumption, urbanization and environmental degradation relationship in United Arab Emirates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present study explores the relationship between economic growth, electricity consumption, urbanization and environmental degradation in case of United Arab Emirates (UAE). The study covers the quarter frequency data over the period of 1975–2011. We have applied the ARDL bounds testing approach to examine the long run relationship between the variables in the presence of structural breaks. The VECM Granger causality is applied to investigate the direction of causal relationship between the variables. Our empirical exercise reported the existence of cointegration among the series. Further, we found an inverted U-shaped relationship between economic growth and CO2 emissions i.e. economic growth raises energy emissions initially and declines it after a threshold point of income per capita (EKC exists). Electricity consumption declines CO2 emissions. The relationship between urbanization and CO2 emissions is positive. Exports seem to improve the environmental quality by lowering CO2 emissions. The causality analysis validates the feedback effect between CO2 emissions and electricity consumption. Economic growth and urbanization Granger cause CO2 emissions.

Muhammad Shahbaz; Rashid Sbia; Helmi Hamdi; Ilhan Ozturk

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

The socio-economic, dwelling and appliance related factors affecting electricity consumption in domestic buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper aims to investigate the socio-economic, dwelling and appliance related factors that have significant or non-significant effects on domestic electricity consumption. To achieve this aim, a comprehensive literature review of international research investigating these factors was undertaken. Although papers examining the factors affecting electricity demand are numerous, to the authors’ knowledge, a comprehensive analysis taking stock of all previous findings has not previously been undertaken. The review establishes that no less than 62 factors potentially have an effect on domestic electricity use. This includes 13 socio-economic factors, 12 dwelling factors and 37 appliance factors. Of the 62 factors, four of the socio-economic factors, seven of the dwelling factors, and nine of the appliance related factors were found to unambiguously have a significant positive effect on electricity use. This paper contributes to a better understanding of those factors that certainly affect electricity consumption and those for which effects are unclear and require further research. Understanding the effects of factors can support both the implementation of effective energy policy and aid prediction of future electricity consumption in the domestic sector.

Rory V. Jones; Alba Fuertes; Kevin J. Lomas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Sustainability in the Electricity Production and Consumption System – A Consumers’ Perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The production and consumption systems (PACS) of electricity provide broad insights into possible actions and ... the life cycle from production and supply to consumption. More importantly for the context of the ...

Doris Fuchs; Sylvia Lorek

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from household energy consumption i n Japan increased b y 20is that household energy consumption i n Japan has notfrom a l l households i n Japan, through 2050 (with energy-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Health risk assessment of organohalogen compounds associated with seafood consumption in coastal cities in China.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Food consumption is an important pathway of human exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Market basket surveys for POPs have been conducted worldwide; however, there… (more)

Jiang, Qinting (???)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Fact #838: September 15, 2014 Net Imports of Petroleum were Only 33% of U.S. Consumption in 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

When compared to total U.S. consumption of petroleum, net imports were only 33% in 2013. The share of imported petroleum reached a peak of 60% in 2005, from a low of 27% in 1985. Since 2005, the...

291

Prospective Cohort Study of Green Tea Consumption and Colorectal Cancer Risk in Women  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ratio, intakes of total energy and red meat, and family...of CRC associated with green tea consumption, the...01 0.004 Years of green tea consumption , 1-23...and intakes of total energy, vegetables, fruits...of CRC associated with green tea consumption at baseline...

Gong Yang; Xiao-Ou Shu; Honglan Li; Wong-Ho Chow; Bu-Tian Ji; Xianglan Zhang; Yu-Tang Gao; and Wei Zheng

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Residential Energy Consumption Survey Results: Total Energy Consumption,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Survey Results: Total Energy Consumption, Survey Results: Total Energy Consumption, Expenditures, and Intensities (2005) Dataset Summary Description The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) is a national survey that collects residential energy-related data. The 2005 survey collected data from 4,381 households in housing units statistically selected to represent the 111.1 million housing units in the U.S. Data were obtained from residential energy suppliers for each unit in the sample to produce the Consumption & Expenditures data. The Consumption & Expenditures and Intensities data is divided into two parts: Part 1 provides energy consumption and expenditures by census region, population density, climate zone, type of housing unit, year of construction and ownership status; Part 2 provides the same data according to household size, income category, race and age. The next update to the RECS survey (2009 data) will be available in 2011.

293

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reducing energy consumption per unit of GDP by 20% between20% reduction in energy use per unit of GDP by 2010. China'sincrease in energy use per unit of GDP after 2002 following

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Association between maternal seafood consumption before pregnancy and fetal growth: evidence for an association in overweight women. The "EDEN mother-child" cohort  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Association between maternal seafood consumption before pregnancy and fetal growth: evidence.1365-3016.2008.00982.x #12;2 SUMMARY Studies, in countries with high seafood consumption, suggested its between seafood consumption in French pregnant women and fetal growth. Pregnant women included in the EDEN

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

295

The relationship between filter pressure drop, indoor air quality, and energy consumption in rooftop HVAC units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract HVAC filters are commonly used to decrease exposure to particulate matter, yet little is known about the energy impacts and air quality consequences of high efficiency filters installed in commercial buildings. To explore these effects, system airflow, filter and coil pressure drop, fan pressure rise, and power draw were measured, and cooling capacity and compressor power were modeled for at least four filter pressure drops in 15 rooftop units equipped with and without fan speed control. Energy implications and clean-air-delivery-rate were estimated for a large dataset of filters divided into four efficiency (MERV) categories. Field measurements conducted on units without fan speed control showed that increased filter pressure drop decreased flow, cooling capacity, and power. For a unit with fan speed control, the same increase in pressure drop resulted in the same magnitude change of fan power but in the opposite direction, and other parameters were unchanged. Replacing MERV 8 with MERV 13/14 resulted in higher energy consumption (2–4%) during cooling mode for both unit types, energy savings during fan-only mode (8–13%) in units without fan speed control, and increased energy consumption in fan-only mode (11–18%) in the unit with fan speed control. Energy consumption increases were offset by improvement in clean-air-delivery-rate, especially for PM2.5 (2.9–3.8 times increase going from MERV 8 to MERV 13/14), with larger benefits achieved for the unit with fan speed control. A comprehensive understanding of the impact of filtration is essential to selecting the appropriate efficiency of filters that ensures low-energy use and a healthy indoor environment.

Marwa Zaatari; Atila Novoselac; Jeffrey Siegel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1991--Combined Consumption and Fuel  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

< < Welcome to the U.S. Energy Information Administration's Manufacturing Web Site. If you are having trouble, call 202-586-8800 for help. Return to Energy Information Administration Home Page. Home > Energy Users > Manufacturing > Consumption and Fuel Switching Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1991 (Combined Consumption and Fuel Switching) Overview Full Report Tables & Spreadsheets This report presents national-level estimates about energy use and consumption in the manufacturing sector as well as manufacturers' fuel-switching capability. Contact: Stephanie.battle@eia.doe.gov Stephanie Battle Director, Energy Consumption Division Phone: (202) 586-7237 Fax: (202) 586-0018 URL: http://www.eia.gov/emeu/mecs/mecs91/consumption/mecs1a.html File Last Modified: May 25, 1996

297

Natural gas consumption and economic growth: The role of foreign direct investment, capital formation and trade openness in Malaysia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The objective of this paper is to reinvestigate the relationship between natural gas consumption and economic growth by including foreign direct investment, capital and trade openness in Malaysia for the period of 1971–2012. The structural break unit root test is employed to investigate the stationary properties of the series. We have applied combined cointegration test to examine the relationship between the variables in the long run. For robustness sake, the ARDL bounds testing method is also employed to test for a possible long run relationship in the presence of structural breaks. We note the validity of cointegration between the variables. Natural gas consumption, foreign direct investment, capital formation and trade openness have positive influence on economic growth in Malaysia. The results support the presence of feedback hypothesis between natural gas consumption and economic growth, foreign direct investment and economic growth, and natural gas consumption and foreign direct investment. The policy implications of these results are provided.

Sakiru Adebola Solarin; Muhammad Shahbaz

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Impact of Nighttime Shut Down on the Prediction Accuracy of Monthly Regression Models for Energy Consumption in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regression models of measured energy use in buildings are widely used as baseline models to determine retrofit savings from measured energy consumption. It is less expensive to determine savings from monthly utility bills when they are available...

Wang, J.; Claridge, D. E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

CO2 emissions related to the electricity consumption in the european primary aluminium production a comparison of electricity supply approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to estimate the specific CO2 emissions related to the electricity consumption in the European primary aluminium production and ... compare different choices of system boundaries of ...

Matthias Koch; Jochen Harnisch

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Refining intensity, energy consumption, and pulp quality in two-stage chip refining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on thermomechanical pulps produced in two pilot plant installations. Both installations were conventional two-stage systems in which the first stage was pressurized and the second was atmospheric. At a given specific energy, pulp quality was improved. Alternatively, for a given pulp quality, the energy consumption was reduced when refining in the first stage was carried out at a high refining intensity. High refining intensity was reached by operating the first stage either at a high rotational speed or low consistency. There were indications that these benefits could be enhanced if the second stage were operated at a low refining intensity.

Miles, K.B.; May, W.D.; Karnis, A. (Pulp and Paper Research Inst. of Canada, 570 St. John's Boulevard, Pointe Claire, Quebec H9R 3J9 (CA))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Poster Session--Fuel Consumption During Prescribed Fires in Big Sage--Wright, Ottmar USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-189. 2008. 363  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poster Session--Fuel Consumption During Prescribed Fires in Big Sage--Wright, Ottmar USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-189. 2008. 363 Fuel Consumption During Prescribed Fires in Big Sage Ecosystems1 Clinton S. Wright2 and Roger D. Ottmar2 Introduction Fuel consumption was evaluated for a series

Standiford, Richard B.

302

Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Detailed Tables 28 Energy Information AdministrationManufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994 1. In previous MECS, the term "primary energy" was used to denote the "first use" of...

303

ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION IN THE INDUSTRIAL SECTOR OF JORDAN: APPLICATION OF MULTIVARIATE LINEAR REGRESSION AND ADAPTIVE NEURO?FUZZY TECHNIQUES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study two techniques for modeling electricity consumption of the Jordanian industrial sector are presented: (i) multivariate linear regression and (ii) neuro?fuzzy models. Electricity consumption is modeled as function of different variables such as number of establishments number of employees electricity tariff prevailing fuel prices production outputs capacity utilizations and structural effects. It was found that industrial production and capacity utilization are the most important variables that have significant effect on future electrical power demand. The results showed that both the multivariate linear regression and neuro?fuzzy models are generally comparable and can be used adequately to simulate industrial electricity consumption. However comparison that is based on the square root average squared error of data suggests that the neuro?fuzzy model performs slightly better for future prediction of electricity consumption than the multivariate linear regression model. Such results are in full agreement with similar work using different methods for other countries.

M. Samhouri; A. Al?Ghandoor; R. H. Fouad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Phenolic profile and effect of regular consumption of Brazilian red wines on in vivo antioxidant activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study, Vitis vinifera L wines cv. Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Sangiovese and Syrah, 2006 and 2007 vintages, produced in Săo Joaquim, a new wine-producing region in southern Brazil, were evaluated. As phenolic compound content is one of the most important parameters in assessing wine quality and is possibly partially responsible for the beneficial health properties of wines, in this paper the levels of the main anthocyanins, flavonols, hydroxycinnamic acid and hydroxybenzoic acid (HPLC-DAD and HPLC-DAD–MS analysis) and the in vivo antioxidant activity in mice are reported. The antioxidant capacity of plasma was assessed through the reduction of ferric iron (FRAP). Lipid peroxidation (TBARS), carbonyl protein (CP), reduced glutathione (GSH) levels and the catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity were determined in livers of the test animals. The results for the phenolic compounds content of the wine samples were considered appropriate for quality red wines, and the wine consumption promoted a significant increase in FRAP and decreases in the TBARS and CP levels and in the CAT, SOD and \\{GPx\\} activity. Moreover, the phenolic content of the wines was positively correlated with the in vivo antioxidant capacity promoted by regular wine consumption.

E.F. Gris; F. Mattivi; E.A. Ferreira; U. Vrhovsek; D.W. Filho; R.C. Pedrosa; M.T. Bordignon-Luiz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

OFF-HIGHWAY GASOLINE CONSUMPTION ESTIMATION MODELS USED IN THE FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION ATTRIBUTION AND PROCESS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

222 222 Center for Transportation Analysis Energy and Transportation Science Division OFF-HIGHWAY GASOLINE CONSUMPTION ESTIMATION MODELS USED IN THE FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION ATTRIBUTION AND PROCESS 2008 Updates Ho-Ling Hwang, Ph.D. Stacy Davis Date Published: December 2009 Prepared by OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6283 managed by UT-BATTELLE, LLC for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 iii TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES....................................................................................v LIST OF ACRONYMS .................................................................................................... vii ABSTRACT ....................................................................................................................... ix

306

Imaginal and emotional experiences in pleasure-oriented IT usage: A hedonic consumption perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Based on the marketing theory of hedonic consumption, this study examines the effects of six types of imaginal and emotional experiences on using pleasure-oriented IT. Associated hypotheses are tested using questionnaire responses from 443 online game players. The results provide strong support for the major hypotheses and indicate that the determinants of behavior may differ in using pleasure-oriented versus productivity-oriented IT. This paper contributes not only to the application of a marketing theory to IS research, but also to improved understanding of using pleasure-oriented IT and of why people use technologies that are not particularly useful from a productivity standpoint.

Jiming Wu; Clyde Holsapple

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Are fluctuations in natural gas consumption per capita transitory? Evidence from time series and panel unit root tests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The stationary properties of natural gas consumption are essential for predicting the impacts of exogenous shocks on energy demand, which can help modeling the energy-growth nexus. Then, this paper proposes to investigate the panel unit root proprieties of natural gas energy consumption of 48 countries over the period of 1971–2010. We apply the Harvey et al. [69] linearity test in order to determine the type of the unit root tests (the Kruse (2010) nonlinear unit root or LM (Lagrange Multiplier) linear unit root tests). Our results show that the stationarity of natural gas consumption cannot be rejected for more than 60% of countries. In order to provide corroborating evidence, we employed not only the first and second generation panel unit root tests, but also the recent LM panel unit root test developed by Im et al. [28]. This test allows for structural breaks both in intercept and slope. The empirical findings support evidence in favor of stationarity of natural gas consumption for all panels. These results announce that any shock to natural gas consumption has a transitory impact for almost all countries implying that energy consumption will turn back to its time trend.

Muhammad Shahbaz; Naceur Khraief; Mantu Kumar Mahalik; Khair Uz Zaman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Realisable 10-year reductions in European energy consumption for air conditioning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper summarises the results of a study to identify and quantify the potential impact of measures and policies to reduce the energy consumption of air conditioning in European countries over a 10-year period. The market penetration of air conditioning in Europe has increased steadily over several decades. On a “business as usual” basis, its energy consumption would increase by over 50% by 2020. Measures to restrict this increase are therefore important, but the savings potential straddles several overlapping areas which are subject to different constraints including those imposed by the replacement rates of systems and products, and the refurbishment rates of existing buildings. This work reported in this paper is based on the use of information from a variety of sources in a highly disaggregated model to assess the “realisable” savings over a 10-year period, taking into account relevant constraints. The paper summarises results at a European level, focussing on those cases that generate the greatest realisable savings. Savings are possible in three areas: improved equipment and system efficiency, reduced cooling loads, and more effective operation. The cases that offer the largest savings provide the basis for recommendations for policy measures, often using existing policy instruments. In addition, areas where further work is needed are identified. More detailed results and information about the study and additional recommendations can be found at http://www.bre.co.uk/searchresults.jsp?category=5&q=energy+management [1].

Roger Hitchin; Christine Pout; David Butler

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

The future of natural gas consumption in Beijing, Guangdong and Shanghai: An assessment utilizing MARKAL  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Natural gas could possibly become a si0gnificant portion of the future fuel mix in China. However, there is still great uncertainty surrounding the size of this potential market and therefore its impact on the global gas trade. In order to identify some of the important factors that might drive natural gas consumption in key demand areas in China, we focus on three regions: Beijing, Guangdong, and Shanghai. Using the economic optimization model MARKAL, we initially assume that the drivers are government mandates of emissions standards, reform of the Chinese financial structure, the price and available supply of natural gas, and the rate of penetration of advanced power generating and end-use. The results from the model show that the level of natural gas consumption is most sensitive to policy scenarios, which strictly limit SO2 emissions from power plants. The model also revealed that the low cost of capital for power plants in China boosts the economic viability of capital-intensive coal-fired plants. This suggests that reform within the financial sector could be a lever for encouraging increased natural gas use.

BinBin Jiang; Chen Wenying; Yu Yuefeng; Zeng Lemin; David Victor

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Externality of Consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Externalities of consumption exist if one individual's consumption of a good or service has positive... utility of another person. A positive externality increases ...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Energy consumption profile of public housing for lower-mid income families in a fast growing city of Argentina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large variety of construction patterns can be found in public-housing programs for lower-mid income families in Santa Rosa, a fast growing city located in a temperate area of central Argentina. Very little attention has been paid to the energy assessment of different patterns that are needed to prescribe energy-saving guidelines for improving the energy performance of housing plans. The objective of this work was to describe the energy profile and understand the energy behaviour of public housing programs which differ in their construction patterns. The annual and seasonal energy behaviour of public and non-public residential dwellings was compared in terms of electricity and gas consumption. A similar comparison between remodelled and non-remodelled dwellings was performed within the public-dwellings sample. Results showed that public and non-public dwellings did not differ in terms of electricity consumption, but they differed greatly in terms of gas consumption. Non-public dwellings, which are larger and heterogeneous, demand more gas for heating during the winter. No difference in annual energy consumption was found in the comparison of remodelled and non-remodelled public dwellings. However, they differ in electricity consumption patterns during the critical winter season: the lower winter consumption of remodelled dwellings could be partially explained by a construction change aimed at lowering the expensive consumption of electricity. In spite of the fact that the energy behaviour of public dwellings seems to be seasonal, dependent upon more than design factors alone, a significant energy saving can be obtained by introducing well-known design technologies.

Celina Filippin

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Urbanisation, energy consumption, and carbon dioxide emissions in China: A panel data analysis of China’s provinces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Global warming resulting from rapid economic growth across the world has become a worldwide threat. The coordination of development of urbanisation, energy consumption, and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions therefore forms an important issue; it has attracted considerable attention from both governments and researchers in recent years. This study investigated the relationship between urbanisation, energy consumption, and CO2 emissions over the period 1995–2011, using a panel data model, based on the data for 30 Chinese provinces. The potential to reduce CO2 emissions was also analysed. The results indicated that per capita CO2 emissions in China were characterised by conspicuous regional imbalances during the period studied; in fact, per capita CO2 emissions decrease gradually from the eastern coastal region to the central region, and then to the western region. Urbanisation, energy consumption, and CO2 emissions were found to present a long run bi-directional positive relationship, the significance of which was discovered to vary between provinces as a result of the scale of their respective economies. In addition, a bi-directional causal relationship was found to exist between urbanisation, energy consumption, and CO2 emissions: specifically, a bi-directional positive causal relationship exists between CO2 emissions and urbanisation, as well as between energy consumption and CO2 emissions, and a one way positive causal relationship exists from urbanisation to energy consumption. Scenario simulations further demonstrated that whilst China’s per capita and total CO2 emissions will increase continuously between 2012 and 2020 under all of the three scenarios developed in this study, the potential to achieve reductions is also high. A better understanding of the relationship between urbanisation, energy consumption, and CO2 emissions will help China to realise the low-carbon economic development.

Shaojian Wang; Chuanglin Fang; Xingliang Guan; Bo Pang; Haitao Ma

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Please cite this article in press as: T. Zhang, et al., Modelling electricity consumption in office buildings: An agent based approach. Energy Buildings (2011), doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2011.07.007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in revised form 20 May 2011 Accepted 7 July 2011 Keywords: Office energy consumption Agent-based simulation, catering and hot water. Thus, energy consumption in office buildings is one of the research areas which cause energy consumption. Yet in the UK the energy consumption in office buildings has been primarily

Aickelin, Uwe

314

Reduction of fuel consumption in gasoline engines by introducing HHO gas into intake manifold  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Brown’s gas (HHO) has recently been introduced to the auto industry as a new source of energy. The present work proposes the design of a new device attached to the engine to integrate an HHO production system with the gasoline engine. The proposed HHO generating device is compact and can be installed in the engine compartment. This auxiliary device was designed, constructed, integrated and tested on a gasoline engine. Test experiments were conducted on a 197cc (Honda G 200) single-cylinder engine. The outcome shows that the optimal surface area of an electrolyte needed to generate sufficient amount of HHO is twenty times that of the piston surface area. Also, the volume of water needed in the cell is about one and half times that of the engine capacity. Eventually, the goals of the integration are: a 20–30% reduction in fuel consumption, lower exhaust temperature, and consequently a reduction in pollution.

Ammar A. Al-Rousan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Modeling Energy Consumption of Residential Furnaces and Boilers in U.S. Homes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

24 24 Modeling Energy Consumption of Residential Furnaces and Boilers in U.S. Homes James Lutz, Camilla Dunham-Whitehead, Alex Lekov, and James McMahon Energy Analysis Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Berkeley, CA 94720 February 2004 This work was supported by the Office of Building Technologies and Community Systems of the U.S. Department of Energy, under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. ABSTRACT In 2001, DOE initiated a rulemaking process to consider whether to amend the existing energy efficiency standards for furnaces and boilers. A key factor in DOE's consideration of new standards is their cost-effectiveness to consumers. Determining cost-effectiveness requires an

316

A novel MAC scheduler to minimize the energy consumption in a Wireless Sensor Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The rising success of the Internet of Things has led the Wireless Sensor Networks to play an important role in many fields, ranging from military to civilian applications. However, since sensor nodes are battery powered, communication protocols and applications for these networks must be carefully designed in order to limit the power consumption. In this work, a new MAC protocol able to significantly reduce the power consumption and compatible with the IEEE 802.15.4 standard, is designed and validated. The defined protocol is based on an efficient setting of the node’s duty cycle as a function of the transmission times of the neighbor nodes. In a duty cycle period, each node wakes up once to transmit and N times to receive, where N is the number of neighbors, while it remains in sleep mode for the rest of the time. The defined protocol has been validated through both an analytical and a simulative approach. By using the first approach, the proposed solution is compared with another energy-efficient protocol, namely AS-MAC; then, the differences between the simulated scenario and the analytical one are analyzed. By using the second approach (through Omnet++ simulator), we carried out a performance comparison between our protocol and the current MAC protocol compliant with the ZigBee standard. All the results have shown the effectiveness of the proposed solution, which has proved to be flexible and efficient, since it is able to provide high energy savings at different date rate, without a negative impact on the packets delivery.

Luca Anchora; Antonio Capone; Vincenzo Mighali; Luigi Patrono; Francesco Simone

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Use of electromagnetic clutch water pumps in vehicle engine cooling systems to reduce fuel consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In general, when the internal combustion engine of a vehicle is started, its operationally connected cooling system provides excessive cooling, resulting in unnecessary energy consumption and excessive emission of exhaust gas. If the rotational speed of the engine is high, the excessive cooling causes the combustion efficiency to decrease. Therefore, better control of the operating temperature range of the engine through use of an active cooling system can achieve better fuel economy and reduction of exhaust gas emission. Effective control of the cooling system in accordance with the operating conditions of the engine can be realized by changing the mass flow rate of the coolant. In this study, we designed electromagnetic clutch water pumps that can control the coolant flow. We made two types of water pump: (1) a planetary gear (PG)-type water pump which can reduce the rotation speed of the water pump by 65%, compared with a pulley; and (2) an on/off-type water pump which can completely stop the rotation of the impeller. The performance evaluation of these pumps consisted of a warm-up test and the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC). Warm-up test results showed that the time required to achieve a temperature of approximately 80 °C with the PG water pump and the on/off water pump was improved by 7.3% and 24.7% respectively, compared with that of a conventional water pump. Based on the NEDC results, we determined that the fuel economy of the engine using the PG water pump and the on/off water pump was improved by 1.7% and 4.0% compared with the fuel economy when using the conventional water pump. The application of clutch water pumps is expected to contribute to the improvement of engine cooling system performance, because their effect in reducing the fuel consumption rate is similar to that of an electric water pump.

Yoon Hyuk Shin; Sung Chul Kim; Min Soo Kim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Development and Evaluation of Methods to Infer Biosynthesis and Substrate Consumption in Cultures of Cellulolytic Microorganisms  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and and Evaluation of Methods to Infer Biosynthesis and Substrate Consumption in Cultures of Cellulolytic Microorganisms Evert K. Holwerda, Lucas D. Ellis, Lee R. Lynd Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College, 14 Engineering Drive, Hanover, New Hampshire, 03755; telephone: 1-6036462231; fax: 1-6036462277; e-mail: lee.r.lynd@dartmouth.edu ABSTRACT: Concentrations of biosynthate (microbial bio- mass plus extracellular proteins) and residual substrate were inferred using elemental analysis for batch cultures of Clostridium thermocellum. Inferring residual substrate based on elemental analysis for a cellulose (Avicel)-grown culture shows similar results to residual substrate determined by quantitative saccharification using acid hydrolysis. Inference based on elemental analysis is also compared to different on- line measurements: base addition, CO

319

System and method for controlling power consumption in a computer system based on user satisfaction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Systems and methods for controlling power consumption in a computer system. For each of a plurality of interactive applications, the method changes a frequency at which a processor of the computer system runs, receives an indication of user satisfaction, determines a relationship between the changed frequency and the user satisfaction of the interactive application, and stores the determined relationship information. The determined relationship can distinguish between different users and different interactive applications. A frequency may be selected from the discrete frequencies at which the processor of the computer system runs based on the determined relationship information for a particular user and a particular interactive application running on the processor of the computer system. The processor may be adapted to run at the selected frequency.

Yang, Lei; Dick, Robert P; Chen, Xi; Memik, Gokhan; Dinda, Peter A; Shy, Alex; Ozisikyilmaz, Berkin; Mallik, Arindam; Choudhary, Alok

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

320

The smallest user campaign to decrease energy consumption in two Mid-South neighborhoods: A field experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This report describes a partnership and campaign to build awareness and support for energy conservation in a Mid-South community. The partners included a state university, the local power company, and two neighborhoods in the local community. This partnership led to a field experiment that built community esprit along with increased knowledge of and attitudes toward energy conservation. It did not result in lower electricity and gas consumption. This attempt to influence citizen behavior featured extremely powerful pre-and post-test measures of unit electric and gas consumption.

Rick Fischer; Ashley Akin; Beena White; David Arant; Tom Chamberlain; Sarah Bolton

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Sources and characteristics of oil consumption in a spark-ignition engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(cont.) At low load, oil flowing past by the piston was found to be the major consumption source, while the contributions of oil evaporation and of blowby entrainment became more significant with increasing engine load. ...

Yilmaz, Ertan, 1970-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption, long lifetime on batteries, low sample rates,instead of replying on batteries. At the same time, we arelow power operation on batteries is not required, since the

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Life cycle energy consumption and CO2 emission of an office building in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Office buildings having some part of it or all of it used for office purposes (Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency 2004...) have one of the highest levels of energy consumption compared wi...

Huijun J. Wu; Zengwei W. Yuan; Ling Zhang…

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

A Novel Collaboration Paradigm for Reducing Energy Consumption and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Data Centres  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research and innovation projects to reduce the energy consumption The Computer...this topic. This research project designed energy-aware optimization policies...an unpredicted renewable energy surplus (typically solar or wind). This low emission......

D. Rincón; A. Agustí-Torra; J.F. Botero; F. Raspall; D. Remondo; X. Hesselbach; M.T. Beck; H. de Meer; F. Niedermeier; G. Giuliani

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Persuading Consumers to Reduce Their Consumption of Electricity in the Home  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous work has identified that providing real time feedback or interventions to consumers can persuade consumers to change behaviour and reduce domestic electricity consumption. However, little work has invest...

Alan F. Smeaton; Aiden R. Doherty

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

The Application of ARIMA Modle in the Prediction of the Electricity Consumption of Jiangsu Province  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Forecasts of electricity can play a rational allocation of resources ... regional economic development. Based on the annual electricity consumption data of Jiangsu Province, the ARIMA model of Jiangsu Province’s

Wu Min; Cao Jia-he

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid: A Non-Cooperative Game Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meetings on Demand Response and Smart Grid, pp. 1-21, 2011.Consumption Scheduling for the Future Smart Grid,” IEEETransactions on Smart Grid, vol. 1, pp. 320–331, 2010. N.

SinBerBEST, BEARS; Ma, Kai; Hu, Guoqiang; Spanos, Costas J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Imaginal and emotional experiences in pleasure-oriented IT usage: A hedonic consumption perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the marketing theory of hedonic consumption, this study examines the effects of six types of imaginal and emotional experiences on using pleasure-oriented IT. Associated hypotheses are tested using questionnaire responses from 443 online game ... Keywords: Arousal, Behavioral intention, Emotional experience, Enjoyment, Escapism, Hedonic IT, Hedonic consumption perspective, Imaginal experience, Perceived ease of use, Perceived usefulness, Playfulness, Pleasure-oriented IT, Productivity-oriented IT, System usage, TAM, Utilitarian IT

Jiming Wu; Clyde Holsapple

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Data Center Power Consumption  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Center Power Consumption Center Power Consumption A new look at a growing problem Fact - Data center power density up 10x in the last 10 years 2.1 kW/rack (1992); 14 kW/rack (2007) Racks are not fully populated due to power/cooling constraints Fact - Increasing processor power Moore's law Fact - Energy cost going up 3 yr. energy cost equivalent to acquisition cost Fact - Iterative power life cycle Takes as much energy to cool computers as it takes to power them. Fact - Over-provisioning Most data centers are over-provisioned with cooling and still have hot spots November 2007 SubZero Engineering An Industry at the Crossroads Conflict between scaling IT demands and energy efficiency Server Efficiency is improving year after year Performance/Watt doubles every 2 years Power Density is Going Up

330

Impacts of Electric Vehicles on Primary Energy Consumption and Petroleum Displacement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Btu, EC is the electricity consumption of EVs in Kwh perreductions EV in electricity consumption contributedsensitive to EV electricity consumption, which,in turn,is

Wang, Quanlu; Delucchi, Mark A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Potential for the Use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts to Reduce Energy Consumption and Provide Energy and Cost Savings in Non-Building Applications  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Document provides information about using energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs) to reduce energy consumption and provide energy and cost savings in non-building applications.

332

Alcohol Consumption and the Risk for Prostate Cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Communications Alcohol Consumption and the Risk for...Welfare and Sports; World Cancer Research...association of alcohol consumption at recruitment...and nonalcohol energy intake. Overall, neither alcohol consumption at baseline nor...

Sabine Rohrmann; Jakob Linseisen; Timothy J. Key; Majken K. Jensen; Kim Overvad; Nina Fřns Johnsen; Anne Tjřnneland; Rudolf Kaaks; Manuela M. Bergmann; Cornelia Weikert; Androniki Naska; Antonia Trichopoulou; Dimitrios Trichopoulos; Valeria Pala; Carlotta Sacerdote; Domenico Palli; Rosario Tumino; H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita; Alina Vrieling; Carlos A. González; Nerea Larrańaga; Carmen Navarro; Aurelio Barricarte; J. Ramon Quiros; Carmen Martínez-García; Göran Hallmans; Pär Stattin; Jonas Manjer; Elisabet Wirfält; Sheila Bingham; Key-Tee Khaw; Lars Egevad; Pietro Ferrari; Mazda Jenab; and Elio Riboli

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

101. Natural Gas Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1. Natural Gas Consumption 1. Natural Gas Consumption in the United States, 1930-1996 (Million Cubic Feet) Table Year Lease and Plant Fuel Pipeline Fuel Delivered to Consumers Total Consumption Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Utilities Total 1930 ....................... 648,025 NA 295,700 80,707 721,782 NA 120,290 1,218,479 1,866,504 1931 ....................... 509,077 NA 294,406 86,491 593,644 NA 138,343 1,112,884 1,621,961 1932 ....................... 477,562 NA 298,520 87,367 531,831 NA 107,239 1,024,957 1,502,519 1933 ....................... 442,879 NA 283,197 85,577 590,865 NA 102,601 1,062,240 1,505,119 1934 ....................... 502,352 NA 288,236 91,261 703,053 NA 127,896 1,210,446 1,712,798 1935 ....................... 524,926 NA 313,498 100,187 790,563 NA 125,239 1,329,487 1,854,413 1936 ....................... 557,404 NA 343,346

334

Optimal Consumption Choice with Intertemporal Substitution y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Consumption Choice with Intertemporal Substitution y By Peter Bank and Frank Riedel z consumption plans are established under arbitrary convex portfolio constraints, including both complete of the underlying stochastics, optimal consumption occurs at rates, in gulps, or in a singular way. y Support

Bank, Peter

335

Predicting and optimization of energy consumption using system dynamics-fuzzy multiple objective programming in world heritage areas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy consumption and efficiency are important in regional low-carbon economic development and environmental protection. This paper provides a system dynamics and fuzzy multi-objective programming integrated approach for the prediction of energy consumption and CO2 emissions at a regional level. First, a general system dynamics model is constructed to analyze an economy-energy system. To deal with the uncertainties and optimize the parameters in the system, a fuzzy multiple objective programming model is used. This decision support model is then applied to predict the energy consumption of a world heritage area in China during 2010–2020. The results reveal that the energy consumption and CO2 emissions increase dramatically with rapid economic growth. In the scenario herein considered, which is based on the proposed optimization model, a 19.32% reduction was found in the energy intensity decreases from 0.88 tce/104 RMB to 0.71 tce/104 RMB, and a 23.26% reduction in the CO2 emission intensity, from 2.15 t/104 RMB to 1.65 t/104 RMB. Policy suggestions such as adjusting the industrial structure, enhancing local hydro-power and renewable energy and increasing investment in energy technology and efficiency are indicated for the promotion of a low-carbon oriented economy in world heritage areas.

Zhibin Wu; Jiuping Xu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Normal muscle oxygen consumption and fatigability in sickle cell patients despite reduced microvascular oxygenation and hemorheological abnormalities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Normal muscle oxygen consumption and fatigability in sickle cell patients despite reduced hypothesized that muscle metabolism and fatigability could be impaired in sickle cell patients, no study has profile at rest between 16 healthy subjects (AA), 20 sickle cell-hemoglobin C disease (SC) patients and 16

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

337

EIA - Analysis of Natural Gas Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Consumption Consumption 2010 Natural Gas Year-In-Review 2009 This is a special report that provides an overview of the natural gas industry and markets in 2009 with special focus on the first complete set of supply and disposition data for 2009 from the Energy Information Administration. Topics discussed include natural gas end-use consumption trends, offshore and onshore production, imports and exports of pipeline and liquefied natural gas, and above-average storage inventories. Categories: Prices, Production, Consumption, Imports/Exports & Pipelines, Storage (Released, 7/9/2010, Html format) Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption This report presents an analysis of residential natural gas consumption trends in the United States through 2009 and analyzes consumption trends for the United States as a whole (1990 through 2009) and for each Census Division (1998 through 2009). It examines a long-term downward per-customer consumption trend and analyzes whether this trend persists across Census Divisions. The report also examines some of the factors that have contributed to the decline in per-customer consumption. To provide a more meaningful measure of per-customer consumption, EIA adjusted consumption data presented in the report for weather. Categories: Consumption (Released, 6/23/2010, pdf format)

338

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

18 Figure 6 Primary Energy Consumption by End-Use in24 Figure 7 Primary Energy Consumption by Fuel in Commercialbased on total primary energy consumption (source energy),

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

A Look at Commercial Buldings in 1995: Characteristics, Energy Consumption, and Energy Expenditures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

DOE/EIA-0625(95) DOE/EIA-0625(95) Distribution Category UC-950 A Look at Commercial Buildings in 1995: Characteristics, Energy Consumption, and Energy Expenditures October 1998 En ergy In for ma tion Ad min istra tion Of fice of En ergy Mar kets and End Use U.S. De part ment of En ergy Wash ing ton, DC 20585 This re port was pre pared by the En ergy In for ma tion Ad min istra tion, the in de pend ent sta tis ti cal and ana lytic agency within the U.S. De part ment of En ergy. The in for ma tion con tained herein should be at trib uted to the En ergy In for ma tion Ad min istra tion and should not be con strued as ad vo cat ing or re flect ing any pol icy po si tion of the De part ment of En ergy or any other or gani za tion. Contacts The En ergy In for ma tion Ad min istra tion (EIA) pre pared this pub li ca tion un der the gen eral di rec tion of W. Cal vin

340

Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

energy data used in this report do not reflect adjustments for losses in electricity generation or transmission. energy data used in this report do not reflect adjustments for losses in electricity generation or transmission. 1 The manufacturing sector is composed of establishments classified in Standard Industrial Classification 20 through 39 of the U.S. economy as defined 2 by the Office of Management and Budget. The manufacturing sector is a part of the industrial sector, which also includes mining; construction; and agriculture, forestry, and fishing. The EIA also conducts energy consumption surveys in the residential, commercial buildings, and residential transportation sectors: the Residential Energy 3 Consumption Survey (RECS); the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS); and, until recently, the Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Ethanol Consumption by Rat Dams During Gestation,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ethanol Consumption by Rat Dams During Gestation, Lactation and Weaning Increases Ethanol examined effects of ethanol consumption in rat dams during gestation, lactation, and weaning on voluntary ethanol consumption by their adolescent young. We found that exposure to an ethanol-ingesting dam

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

342

Consumption Oriented Free Capitalism Qiudong Wang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumption Oriented Free Capitalism Qiudong Wang An economic system is a framework, under which people are organized to produce consumption-goods and to consume the produced. Concerning economic of consumption, which in turn not only hindered further improvement of overall productivity, but also threatened

Wang, Quidong

343

The service economy: ‘wealth without resource consumption’?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...service economy: wealth without resource consumption? W. R. Stahel The Product-Life...with regard to its per capita material consumption in the industrialized countries. A...economy: `wealth without resource consumption'? B y W. R. Stahel The Product-Life...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Transport energy consumption in mountainous roads. A comparative case study for internal combustion engines and electric vehicles in Andorra  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper analyses transport energy consumption of conventional and electric vehicles in mountainous roads. A standard round trip in Andorra has been modelled in order to characterise vehicle dynamics in hilly regions. Two conventional diesel vehicles and their electric-equivalent models have been simulated and their performances have been compared. Six scenarios have been simulated to study the effects of factors such as orography, traffic congestion and driving style. The European fuel consumption and emissions test and Artemis urban driving cycles, representative of European driving cycles, have also been included in the comparative analysis. The results show that road grade has a major impact on fuel economy, although it affects consumption in different levels depending on the technology analysed. Electric vehicles are less affected by this factor as opposed to conventional vehicles, increasing the potential energy savings in a hypothetical electrification of the car fleet. However, electric vehicle range in mountainous terrains is lower compared to that estimated by manufacturers, a fact that could adversely affect a massive adoption of electric cars in the short term.

Oriol Travesset-Baro; Marti Rosas-Casals; Eric Jover

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

A look at commercial buildings in 1995: Characteristics, energy consumption, and energy expenditures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The commercial sector consists of business establishments and other organizations that provide services. The sector includes service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as a wide range of facilities that would not be considered commercial in a traditional economic sense, such as public schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Nearly all energy use in the commercial sector takes place in, or is associated with, the buildings that house these commercial activities. Analysis of the structures, activities, and equipment associated with different types of buildings is the clearest way to evaluate commercial sector energy use. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is a national-level sample survey of commercial buildings and their energy suppliers conducted quadrennially (previously triennially) by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The target population for the 1995 CBECS consisted of all commercial buildings in the US with more than 1,000 square feet of floorspace. Decision makers, businesses, and other organizations that are concerned with the use of energy--building owners and managers, regulators, legislative bodies and executive agencies at all levels of government, utilities and other energy suppliers--are confronted with a buildings sector that is complex. Data on major characteristics (e.g., type of building, size, year constructed, location) collected from the buildings, along with the amount and types of energy the buildings consume, help answer fundamental questions about the use of energy in commercial buildings.

NONE

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Empirical analysis of energy consumption behaviour An input to an effective energy plan in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Shortages in commercial energy (gas, fuel oil, electricity and kerosene) supplies have become increasingly marked in Nigeria, and this has been graphically illustrated by incessant power failures. Primarily such shortages have been created by unprecedented increases in energy use derived from the growth in demand for consumer goods such as electrical equipment and motor vehicles, in addition to a huge expansion of the services sector and light manufacturing following the oil boom of the 1970s. The long-run implications of such demand increases were not fully appreciated or adequately forecast because of the general feeling that Nigeria had the privileged position of being a net oil exporter and producer of gas. However, the reality of energy shortages has led to the consequences of lost output and restrictions placed upon the further expansion of the service sector. With little hope of a short-run solution to the problem, a long-term view needs to begin by acquiring a comprehensive knowledge of the energy consumption behaviour of the household sector as an input into a more wide ranging energy plan for the country. This article focuses on how such knowledge can help achieve this objective.

Obas John Ebohon

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Effects of Chronic Ethanol Consumption on the Metabolism and Carcinogenicity of N?-Nitrosonornicotine in F344 Rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Special Lecture Effects of Chronic Ethanol Consumption on Benzo(a)pyrene Metabolism...golden hamsters which had been consuming an ethanol-containing liquid diet for 4 wk and...glutathione levels were measured in both ethanol-consuming and control animals. The...

Andre Castonguay; Abraham Rivenson; Neil Trushin; Joel Reinhardt; Stella Spathopoulos; Carol J. Weiss; Betti Reiss; Stephen S. Hecht

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Problem of Vain Energy Consumption in a VAV Air Conditioning System Shared By an Inner Zone and Exterior Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in winter and summer. Taking a practical project as example, this paper analyzes the energy consumption of a VAV air conditioning system that is shared by inner zone and exterior zone. The paper also points out the serious problem of useless energy...

Wenji, G.; Ling, C.; Dongdong, L.; Mei, S.; Li, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Development of a control-oriented model to optimise fuel consumption and NOX emissions in a DI Diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes a predictive NOX and consumption model, which is oriented to control and optimisation of DI Diesel engines. The model applies the Response Surface Methodology following a two-step process: firstly, the relationship between engine inputs (intake charge conditions and injection settings) and some combustion parameters (peak pressure, indicated mean effective pressure and burn angles) is determined; secondly, engine outputs (NOX and consumption) are predicted from the combustion parameters using NOX and mechanical losses models. Splitting the model into two parts allows using either experimental or modelled combustion parameters, thus enhancing the model flexibility. If experimental in-cylinder pressure is used to obtain combustion parameters, the mean error of predicted NOX and consumption are 2% and 6% respectively, with a calculation time of 5.5 ms. Using modelled parameters reduces the calculation time to 1.5 ms, with a penalty in the accuracy. The model performs well in a multi-objective optimisation, reducing NOX and consumption in different amounts depending on the objective of the optimisation.

S. Molina; C. Guardiola; J. Martín; D. García-Sarmiento

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

By Daniel L. Edelstein The United States maintained its position as consumption. which was reopened in 1993. Several copper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 COPPER By Daniel L. Edelstein The United States maintained its position as consumption. which was reopened in 1993. Several copper the world's second largest mine producer of Copper was consumed, both as refined mines were under development and slated for copper, accounting for about 19% of world copper

351

Residential energy consumption across different population groups : comparative analysis for latino and non-latino households in USA.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Residential energy cost is an important part of the household budget and could vary significantly across different population groups in many countries. In the United States, many studies have analyzed household fuel consumption by fuel type, including electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and by geographic areas. Past research has also demonstrated significant variation in residential energy use across various population groups, including white, black, and Latino. However, our research shows that residential energy demand by fuel type for Latinos, the fastest growing population group, has not been explained by economic and non-economic factors in any statistical model in public domain. The purpose of this paper was to discuss energy demand and expenditure patterns for Latino and non-Latino households in the United States as a case example of analyzing residential energy consumption across different population groups in a country. The linear expenditure system model developed by Stone and Geary is the basis of the statistical model developed to explain fuel consumption and expenditures for Latino households. For comparison, the models are also developed for non-Latino, black, and non-black households. These models estimate energy consumption of and expenditures for electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and LPG by various households at the national level. Significant variations in the patterns of these fuels consumption for Latinos and non-Latinos are highlighted. The model methodology and results of this research should be useful to energy policymakers in government and industry, researches, and academicians who are concerned with economic and energy issues related to various population groups in their country.

Poyer, D. A.; Henderson, L.; Teotia, A. P. S.; Energy Systems; Univ. of Baltimore

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Progressive consumption : strategic sustainable excess  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trends in the marketplace show that urban dwellers are increasingly supporting locally produced foods. This thesis argues for an architecture that responds to our cultures consumptive behaviors. Addressing the effects of ...

Bonham, Daniel J. (Daniel Joseph MacLeod)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Energy consumption of building 39  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The MIT community has embarked on an initiative to the reduce energy consumption and in accordance with the Kyoto Protocol. This thesis seeks to further expand our understanding of how the MIT campus consumes energy and ...

Hopeman, Lisa Maria

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Energy consumption and environmental pollution: a stochastic model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......indicated that total energy consumption in sugar beet production...pollution. Although energy consumption increased sugar beet yield...and found that hybrid and electric car technologies exhibit (efficiency...ergy efficiency, affects consumption choice by Swedish households......

Charles S. Tapiero

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Solar desalination by membrane distillation: Dispersion in energy consumption analysis and water production costs (a review)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The non-isothermal membrane distillation (MD) separation process is known for about 50 years and very few studies are reported on its economics, energy analysis and costs evaluations. Dispersed and confusing water production costs (WPC) and specific energy consumption (EC) analysis were reported. Most of them are simulated and others are based on various costs assumptions. At present, the common asked questions about the published papers in MD including EC and WPC are: how these reported calculations on WPC and EC were made?, what is the current WPC of MD?, and how WPC of MD can be improved?. An overview of most studies carried out on these issues is presented and some useful equations and information in this context are reported. Comparison to other separation processes used in desalination is made. At present, the main challenge for large-scale MD is EC and WPC. New directions on MD should be raised. More rigorous investigations and focused directions on economical analysis of MD systems should be conducted. A unified standard method for analysis and calculations should be followed to determine WPC. For the benefit of MD process, one should be cautious when reporting simulated, non-realistic and non-contrasted WPC.

M. Khayet

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. . Vehicle Fuel Efficiency and Consumption Fuel consumption is estimated from RTECS data on the vehicle stock (Chapter 2) and miles traveled (Chapter 3), in combination with vehicle fuel efficiency ratings, adjusted to account for individual driving circumstances. The first two sections of this chapter present estimates of household vehicle fuel efficiency and household fuel consumption calculated from these fuel efficiency estimates. These sections also discuss variations in fuel efficiency and consumption based on differences in household and vehicle characteristics. The third section presents EIA estimates of the potential savings from replacing the oldest (and least fuel-efficient) household vehicles with new (and more fuel-efficient) vehicles. The final section of this chapter focuses on households receiving (or eligible to receive) supplemental income under

357

Oxygen consumption and peak heart rate in stroke patients during the completion of the Modified Rivermead Mobility Index (MRMI)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Physical inactivity reduces cardiorespiratory fitness, which further compromises a stroke victim's daily living activities. It is well known that aerobic exercise can improve cardiorespiratory fitness. We conducted an exploratory study with an aim to compare oxygen consumption and peak heart rate between stroke patients and healthy participants during the performance of the tasks on the Modified Rivermead Mobility Index (MRMI) and to determine if these tasks reach an aerobic level of intensity during training. Oxygen consumption and heart rate were measured during the performance of the MRMI tasks in healthy patients and those who had suffered a stroke. Data between the two groups were compared using the independent t test and the Mann-Whitney U test, depending on if the criteria for parametric statistics were fulfilled. Results of the study found that there were no between-group differences in terms of the rate of oxygen consumption during the completion of the MRMI tasks (p > 0.05). Stroke patients took longer to perform the tasks (10-minute walk and stair climbing; p = 0.006) and, therefore, were associated with a higher total level of oxygen consumption compared with healthy participants (p complete certain MRMI tasks. These functional tasks could potentially be used as adjunct protocols to assist patients with stroke during aerobic training, but this will require further study.

Fahria B.A. Rahman; Alice Y.M. Jones; Marco Y.C. Pang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

ResPoNSe: modeling the wide variability of residential energy consumption.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

affect appliance energy consumption. For example, differentStates, 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: HousingModeling of End-Use Energy Consumption in the Residential

Peffer, Therese; Burke, William; Auslander, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

One of These Homes is Not Like the Other: Residential Energy Consumption Variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the total annual energy consumption. The behavior patternsin total residential energy consumption per home, even whenthe variability in energy consumption can vary by factors of

Kelsven, Phillip

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

" Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

" Level: National Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments within NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;" " Unit: Varies." ,,,,"Consumption" ,,,"Consumption","per...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

US ENC IL Site Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

IL IL Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US ENC IL Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US ENC IL Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $250 $500 $750 $1,000 $1,250 $1,500 US ENC IL Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Illinois households use 129 million Btu of energy per home, 44% more than the U.S. average. * High consumption, combined with low costs for heating fuels compared to states with a similar climate, result in Illinois households spending 2% more for energy than the U.S. average. * Less reliance on electricity for heating, as well as cool summers keeps average site electricity consumption in the state low relative to other parts of the U.S.

362

US ENC IL Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

IL IL Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US ENC IL Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US ENC IL Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $250 $500 $750 $1,000 $1,250 $1,500 US ENC IL Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Illinois households use 129 million Btu of energy per home, 44% more than the U.S. average. * High consumption, combined with low costs for heating fuels compared to states with a similar climate, result in Illinois households spending 2% more for energy than the U.S. average. * Less reliance on electricity for heating, as well as cool summers keeps average site electricity consumption in the state low relative to other parts of the U.S.

363

US ENC MI Site Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MI MI Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US ENC MI Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US ENC MI Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $250 $500 $750 $1,000 $1,250 $1,500 US ENC MI Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Michigan households use 123 million Btu of energy per home, 38% more than the U.S. average. * High consumption, combined with low costs for heating fuels compared to states with a similar climate, result in Michigan households spending 6% more for energy than the U.S. average. * Less reliance on electricity for heating, as well as cool summers keeps average site electricity consumption in the state low relative to other parts of the U.S.

364

US ENC MI Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

MI MI Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US ENC MI Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US ENC MI Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $250 $500 $750 $1,000 $1,250 $1,500 US ENC MI Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Michigan households use 123 million Btu of energy per home, 38% more than the U.S. average. * High consumption, combined with low costs for heating fuels compared to states with a similar climate, result in Michigan households spending 6% more for energy than the U.S. average. * Less reliance on electricity for heating, as well as cool summers keeps average site electricity consumption in the state low relative to other parts of the U.S.

365

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the US economy. These estimates are based on data from the 1991 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). This survey--administered by the Energy End Use and Integrated Statistics Division, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy Information Administration (EIA)--is the most comprehensive source of national-level data on energy-related information for the manufacturing industries.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Analyzing the Trade-offs Between Minimizing Makespan and Minimizing Energy Consumption in a Heterogeneous Resource Allocation Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analyzing the Trade-offs Between Minimizing Makespan and Minimizing Energy Consumption@engr.colostate.edu, wcoliver@rams.colostate.edu, HJ@colostate.edu, aam@colostate.edu Abstract--The energy consumption of data their energy consumption while maintaining a high level of performance. Minimizing energy consumption while

Maciejewski, Anthony A.

367

Can execution time describe accurately the energy consumption of mobile apps? an experiment in Android  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measuring the energy spent by a software application is a problem that can be solved by having the proper hardware or software instruments. However, not always such tools are available or the provide resolution cannot fit the needs of the user, for ... Keywords: Android, Energy Consumption, Execution Time, Mobile

Luis Corral; Anton B. Georgiev; Alberto Sillitti; Giancarlo Succi

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Online Supplementary Material Biomass availability, energy consumption and biochar production in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the pyrolysis chamber while the inner cylinder is the combustion chamber (Figure S3). Biomass is placedOnline Supplementary Material Biomass availability, energy consumption and biochar production pieces of wood. 1.3 Pyrolysis stove The pyrolysis stove is an anila-type stove developed by U

Lehmann, Johannes

369

Removal of 137Cs in Japanese Catfish during Preparation for Consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......during Preparation for Consumption M. A. Malek 1 * M...address: Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, 4, Kazi...pieces retained, on average, 38.5% of the radioactivity...was found to contain an average of 34.8% of the activity...concluded that normal home preparation and culinary......

M. A. Malek; M. Nakahara; R. Nakamura

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Energy Consumption and Potential for Energy Conservation in the Steel Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The domestic steel industry, being energy-use intensive, requires between 4 and 5 percent of total annual domestic energy consumption. More than two-thirds of total steel industry energy, however, is derived from coal. During the post-World War II...

Hughes, M. L.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

The harmful effects of late-onset alcohol consumption on cortical bone in aged rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study looked at the effects of late-onset alcohol consumption for 8 weeks on the aged rat model (15 months old). Thirty 15 month old female Fisher 344 rats were divided into three diet groups: Alcohol (n=9), pair-fed (n=9), and pellet (n=6...

Bowlin, Julie Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

372

Self-Adaptive Management of The Sleep Depths of Idle Nodes in Large Scale Systems to Balance Between Energy Consumption and Response Times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Between Energy Consumption and Response Times Yongpeng Liu(1) , Hong Zhu(2) , Kai Lu(1) , Xiaoping Wang(1.659 MW, which equals the power usage of a middle scale city. In 2006, US servers and data centers U.S. electricity consumption or the output of about 15 typical power plants [2]. In 2007

Zhu, Hong

373

Consumption & Efficiency - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Consumption & Efficiency Consumption & Efficiency Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Residential Energy Consumption Survey Data Commercial Energy Consumption Survey Data Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey Data Vehicle Energy Consumption Survey Data Energy Intensity Consumption Summaries Average cost of fossil-fuels for electricity generation All Consumption & Efficiency Data Reports Analysis & Projections All Sectors Commercial Buildings Efficiency Manufacturing Projections Residential Transportation All Reports Technical Workshop on Behavior Economics Presentations Technical Workshop on Behavior Economics Presentations Cost of Natural Gas Used in Manufacturing Sector Has Fallen Graph showing Cost of Natural Gas Used in Manufacturing Sector Has Fallen Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Manufacturing Energy

374

Energy consumption comparison analysis of high energy efficiency office buildings in typical climate zones of China and U.S. based on correction model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Actual operation energy consumption of the high energy efficiency buildings built and operated in China and U.S. has been quite different than expected. This paper compares actual energy consumption to expect high energy efficiency office buildings in U.S. and China. Considering the different indoor design temperature, climate conditions and operated period between the compared cases in the two countries impact on the building energy consumption, correction model was built to eliminate the influence of the three factors on the comparison result and put the comparison analysis of high energy efficiency office buildings in the two countries into the same level. Regard to building general information and climate condition, four pairs of buildings in typical climate zones of China and U.S. were selected to compare the building energy conservation technology and building energy consumption based on a large scale of investigation and testing. After corrected, the energy consumption data are analyzed, including total energy consumption, and sub-metering energy consumption such as heating, cooling, lighting, office equipment, etc.. The energy saving technologies applied in these four pairs of buildings was also compared to explain energy consumption differences.

Long Liu; Jing Zhao; Xin Liu; Zhaoxia Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Green Computing Wanted: Electricity Consumptions in the IT Industry and by Household Computers in Five Major Chinese Cities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Exhausted energy consumption becomes a world-wide issue nowadays. Computing contributes a large portion of energy consumption. The concept of green computing has been popularized. Along with the rapid development of China, energy issue becomes more and ... Keywords: energy/electricity consumption, IT industry, household computers, energy efficiency, green computing

Luyang Wang; Tao Wang

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

The energy consumption and economic costs of different vehicles used in transporting woodchips  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract One of the weak points in the energy-wood chain is the transport of woodchips from the forestry yard to the power station. This operation is critical because the vehicles used must be very versatile to operate under different conditions while maintaining low operating costs. The goal of this study is to implement the information on this topic by examining the different categories of vehicles that are considered to be appropriate for this purpose. For each category of vehicle, the working time, working rate, fuel consumption, energy costs and economic costs were processed. Tests were conducted using both “agricultural convoys” (tractor + trailer) and “industrial vehicles” (lorries). All vehicles were tested on short itineraries of approximately 5, 15 and 25 km and on long itineraries of 50, 100 and 200 km. The study showed that on routes longer than 25 km, lorries had the highest average transfer speed (42 km h?1) whereas agricultural vehicles had the lowest (24 km h?1). The transport costs depending on the distance, the type of vehicle used and the unit cost (€ km?1) were high, especially for distances less than 20 km (up to 5 € km?1). The application of these values to a biomass-fed thermal power unit of 1 MW with an annual use of 2000 h and a supply of biofuels in the radius of 75 km shows that 1500 h year?1 are needed for the bestowal of chips to power the unit (3700 tss). The total cost for a lorry is approximately € 148,000 year?1 and approximately four times higher for agricultural convoys. The energy required to transport the woodchips is approximately 90 MJ m?3 loose chips for agricultural vehicles and 35 MJ m?3 loose chips for lorries. In both cases, these values represent a small claim (2%) of the energy value of the biomass transported.

Marco Manzone; Paolo Balsari

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Real-world fuel consumption and CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions by driving conditions for light-duty passenger vehicles in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The increasing discrepancy between on-road and type-approval fuel consumption for \\{LDPVs\\} (light-duty passenger vehicles) has attracted tremendous attention. We measured on-road emissions for 60 \\{LDPVs\\} in three China's cities and calculated their fuel consumption and CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions. We further evaluated the impacts of variations in area-averaged speed on relative fuel consumption of gasoline \\{LDPVs\\} for the UAB (urban area of Beijing). On-road fuel consumption under the average driving pattern is 10 ± 2% higher than that normalized to the NEDC (new European driving cycle) cycle for all tested vehicles, and the on-road NEDC-normalized fuel consumption is higher by 30 ± 12% compared to type-approval values for gasoline vehicles. We observed very strong correlations between relative fuel consumption and average speed. Traffic control applied to \\{LDPVs\\} driving within the UAB during weekdays can substantially reduce total fleet fuel consumption by 23 ± 5% during restriction hours by limiting vehicle use and improving driving conditions. Our results confirmed that a new cycle for the type approval test for \\{LDPVs\\} with more real-world driving features is of great necessity. Furthermore, enhanced traffic control measures could play an important role in mitigating real-world fuel consumption and CO2 emissions for \\{LDPVs\\} in China.

Shaojun Zhang; Ye Wu; Huan Liu; Ruikun Huang; Puikei Un; Yu Zhou; Lixin Fu; Jiming Hao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Canada's Fuel Consumption Guide | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Canada's Fuel Consumption Guide Canada's Fuel Consumption Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Canada's Fuel Consumption Guide Agency/Company /Organization: Natural Resources Canada Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Analysis Tools Website: oee.nrcan.gc.ca/transportation/tools/fuel-consumption-guide/fuel-consu Natural Resources Canada has compiled fuel consumption ratings for passenger cars and light-duty pickup trucks, vans, and special purpose vehicles sold in Canada. The website links to the Fuel Consumption Guide and allows users to search for vehicles from current and past model years. It also provides information about vehicle maintenance and other practices to reduce fuel consumption. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

379

On the consumption insurance effects of long-term care insurance in Japan: Evidence from micro-level household data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using micro-level household data in the 2001 Comprehensive Survey of the Living Conditions of the People on Health and Welfare compiled by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, this paper examines how having a household member in need of long-term nursing care can result in welfare losses measured in terms of consumption. In so doing, this study evaluates the role of the public long-term care insurance scheme implemented in Japan in April 2000. The results indicate that when households include a disabled family member, household consumption net of long-term care costs do not decrease as much as before the introduction of long-term care insurance. Further, when compared with the surveys conducted in 1998, the adverse effects on consumption net of long-term care costs have become much weaker. These findings suggest that the introduction of social insurance in 2000 helped Japanese households to reduce the welfare losses associated with a disabled family member.

Yasushi Iwamoto; Miki Kohara; Makoto Saito

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

An examination of the relationship between energy consumption and performance of transportation sector in Malaysia: output multipliers approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of the current study is to investigate the energy consumption and the performance of Malaysia's transportation sector. It applied output multiplier approach which is based on input-output model. Three input-output tables of Malaysia covering the 1991, 2000 and 2005 periods were used. The results indicate significant changes in the output multipliers of the transportation sector for the (1991-2005) period. Also, the transportation-to-energy subsector multipliers were found to increase over time. The increasing importance of transportation sector to the development of Malaysian economy resulted in a noticeable increase in the consumption of each energy subsector's output especially 'petrol and coal industries' products. Based on the research findings, several policy implications were suggested for the betterment of both sectors' performance and generally for the improvement of Malaysian economy.

Hussain Ali Bekhet; Azlina Abdullah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Reduces electric energy consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption · Reduces nonhazardous solid waste and wastewater generation · Potential annual savings, and recycling. Alcoa provides the packaging, automotive, aerospace, and construction markets with a variety

382

Transportation Energy Consumption Surveys  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption (RTECS) - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis Sources & Uses...

383

Rural household energy consumption and its implications for eco-environments in NW China: A case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Rural household energy consumption plays an essential role in the daily life of farmers, especially in developing regions. In this paper, we present a study of household energy consumption in terms of energy sources and energy end uses, and analysis of technical and economic issues associated with the use of biomass and renewable energy and the replacement of fossil fuels. Results show that energy from biomass represents the largest share of total energy supply, and that 41.15% of total energy is consumed for home heating and cooking. The average cost of household energy is 1259 RMB ($US193.6) and this expense is no longer subsidized by the government. It takes less than one year to make a solar stove profitable and less than two years to pay back the household cost of biogas digesters. An 8 m3 digester can produce as much energy as 500–550 kg of standard coal or 940 kg of firewood, while a solar stove can generate 1.76 × 103 MJ heat each year. Moreover, it is estimated that in rural China the annual reduction of CO2 and SO2 emissions in 2020, due to the replacement of fossil fuel by biomass, will be 68.86 × 106 and 54.37 × 104 tons, respectively. Overall, the investigations and analyses have revealed that the structure of rural household energy consumption is undergoing a transformation from traditional low-efficiency biomass domination to integrated consumption of traditional and renewable energies. Renewable energy will significantly contribute to the sustainable development of rural households.

Hewen Niu; Yuanqing He; Umberto Desideri; Peidong Zhang; Hongyi Qin; Shijin Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Causal relationship between nuclear energy consumption and economic growth in G6 countries: Evidence from panel Granger causality tests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Looking at the recent nuclear accident in Fukushima, Japan, the consequences were not just environmental or economic. The accident was a big hit to the reputation and trust in nuclear power generation making a number of countries reconsider the nuclear energy as an option. The recent financial crisis might have limited even more the developed countries from the necessary capital to invest in expensive power options but this might change in the future if the positive environmental effects of the nuclear power can be proven substantial. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the causal link between nuclear energy consumption and economic growth for six developed countries over the period from 1971 to 2011. Granger causality procedure based on Meta-analysis in heterogeneous mixed panels is used to allow for cross-sectional dependency and heterogeneity across countries. The empirical findings for the overall panel support the presence of unidirectional causality running from economic growth to nuclear energy consumption across the G-6 countries. However, in the case of UK we find a bidirectional causality running from nuclear energy consumption to economic growth; while the results for Germany confirm the growth hypothesis and for the rest of the countries the neutrality hypothesis.

T. Chang; F. Gatwabuyege; R. Gupta; R. Inglesi-Lotz; N.C. Manjezi; B.D. Simo-Kengne

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Final Technical Report - Advanced Optical Sensors to Minimize Energy Consumption in Polymer Extrusion Processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Project Objective: The objectives of this study are to develop an accurate and stable on-line sensor system to monitor color and composition on-line in polymer melts, to develop a scheme for using the output to control extruders to eliminate the energy, material and operational costs of off-specification product, and to combine or eliminate some extrusion processes. Background: Polymer extrusion processes are difficult to control because the quality achieved in the final product is complexly affected by the properties of the extruder screw, speed of extrusion, temperature, polymer composition, strength and dispersion properties of additives, and feeder system properties. Extruder systems are engineered to be highly reproducible so that when the correct settings to produce a particular product are found, that product can be reliably produced time after time. However market conditions often require changes in the final product, different products or grades may be processed in the same equipment, and feed materials vary from lot to lot. All of these changes require empirical adjustment of extruder settings to produce a product meeting specifications. Optical sensor systems that can continuously monitor the composition and color of the extruded polymer could detect process upsets, drift, blending oscillations, and changes in dispersion of additives. Development of an effective control algorithm using the output of the monitor would enable rapid corrections for changes in materials and operating conditions, thereby eliminating most of the scrap and recycle of current processing. This information could be used to identify extruder systems issues, diagnose problem sources, and suggest corrective actions in real-time to help keep extruder system settings within the optimum control region. Using these advanced optical sensor systems would give extruder operators real-time feedback from their process. They could reduce the amount of off-spec product produced and significantly reduce energy consumption. Also, because blending and dispersion of additives and components in the final product could be continuously verified, we believe that, in many cases, intermediate compounding steps could be eliminated (saving even more time and energy).

Susan J. Foulk

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

386

The federal energy policy: An example of its potential impact on energy consumption and expenditures in minority and poor households  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an analysis of the relative impacts of the National Energy Strategy on majority and minority households and on nonpoor and poor households. (Minority households are defined as those headed by black or Hispanic persons; poor households are defined as those having combined household income less than or equal to 125% of the Office of Management and Budget`s poverty-income threshold.) Energy consumption and expenditures, and projected energy expenditures as a share of income, for the period 1987 to 2009 are reported. Projected consumptions of electricity and nonelectric energy over this period are also reported for each group. An analysis of how these projected values are affected under different housing growth scenarios is performed. The analysis in this report presents a preliminary set of projections generated under a set of simplifying assumptions. Future analysis will rigorously assess the sensitivity of the projected values to various changes in a number of these assumptions.

Poyer, D.A.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

An Analysis Framework for Investigating the Trade-offs Between System Performance and Energy Consumption in a Heterogeneous Computing Environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rising costs of energy consumption and an ongoing effort for increases in computing performance are leading to a significant need for energy-efficient computing. Before systems such as supercomputers, servers, and datacenters can begin operating in an energy-efficient manner, the energy consumption and performance characteristics of the system must be analyzed. In this paper, we provide an analysis framework that will allow a system administrator to investigate the tradeoffs between system energy consumption and utility earned by a system (as a measure of system performance). We model these trade-offs as a bi-objective resource allocation problem. We use a popular multi-objective genetic algorithm to construct Pareto fronts to illustrate how different resource allocations can cause a system to consume significantly different amounts of energy and earn different amounts of utility. We demonstrate our analysis framework using real data collected from online benchmarks, and further provide a method to create larger data sets that exhibit similar heterogeneity characteristics to real data sets. This analysis framework can provide system administrators with insight to make intelligent scheduling decisions based on the energy and utility needs of their systems.

Friese, Ryan [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Khemka, Bhavesh [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Maciejewski, Anthony A [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Siegel, Howard Jay [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Koenig, Gregory A [ORNL; Powers, Sarah S [ORNL; Hilton, Marcia M [ORNL; Rambharos, Rajendra [ORNL; Okonski, Gene D [ORNL; Poole, Stephen W [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Energy Consumption Characteristics of Light Manufacturing Facilities in The Northern Plains: A Study of Detailed Data from 10 Industrial Energy Audits Conducted in 1993  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY CONSUMPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF LIGHT MANUFACTURING FACll..ITIES IN THE NORTHERN PLAINS: A study of detailed data from 10 industrial energy audits conducted in 1993. Michael Twedt Graduate Research Assistant IEOPIEADC South Dakota... profiles and common energy conservation opportunities. A statistical breakdown of energy consumption of 10 light manufacturing facilities by process, equipment type, and end use is provided. Common energy optimization procedures are also summarized...

Twedt, M.; Bassett, K.

389

Estimating broad-brush rebound effects for household energy consumption in the EU 28 countries and Norway: some policy implications of Odyssee data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Currently there is a strong policy commitment in European Union (EU) and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries to increase the energy efficiency of residential buildings, and it is widely assumed that this will naturally and automatically reduce domestic energy consumption. However, other factors such as fuel prices, wages, attitudes and lifestyles also influence energy consumption. This paper calculates broad-brush rebound effects based on changes in energy efficiency and energy consumption in each of the 28 EU countries plus Norway, for the years 2000–2011. In doing so, it tests how well the assumption of energy efficiency leading to energy reduction stands up to scrutiny in these lands. It uses the EU’s Odyssee database for efficiency and consumption figures and a commonly employed econometric definition of the rebound effect as an energy-efficiency elasticity. Most older EU lands show rebound effects in the expected range of 0–50%. However, the range for newer EU countries is 100–550%, suggesting that energy efficiency increases are not a good predictor of energy consumption. A more in-depth look at one country, Germany, suggests these results underestimate the rebound effect significantly. This also identifies research needs for specific energy consumption determinants in each country, to find more precisely what is driving consumption levels.

Ray Galvin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled. NNo responding cases in sample. Notes: Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that...

391

Methylmercury in fish: a review of residue levels, fish consumption and regulatory action in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dangers associated with the consumption of large amounts of methylmercury in fish are well recognized, and there is some evidence to suggest that methylmercury may be the cause of subtle neurological impairments when ingested at even low to moderate levels, particularly the prenatal and early childhood periods. This concern has prompted a continuing assessment of the risk of methylmercury toxicity among fish consumers in the US as well as other countries. The toxicokinetics of methylmercury in humans are reviewed and used to estimate body burdens associated with toxic effects. To determine seafood consumption patterns among the continental US population the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has analyzed data from a diary study commissioned by the Tuna Research Foundation. Mercury residue levels in domestic fish sampled by the FDA were used to determine the level of exposure to methylmercury. Until evidence is presented that substantially lowers the known body burden of methylmercury which causes toxicity, calculations indicate that the current 1.0 ppm regulatory level provides adequate protection for the average fish consumer, for young children, and for a significant number of consumers exceeding the acceptable daily intake. However, additional studies are being carried out in a continuing process to ensure that safe levels of prenatal exposure to mercury residues in fish are maintained.

Tollefson, L.; Cordle, F.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Study on consumption efficiency of soil water resources in the Yellow River Basin based on regional ET structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the regional water resources character, the concept of soil water resources is first redefined, and then associated...ET)-based consumption structure and consumption efficiency of soil water resources ar...

Hao Wang; GuiYu Yang; YangWen Jia; DaYong Qin

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

US WSC TX Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

WSC TX WSC TX Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US WSC TX Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 4,000 8,000 12,000 16,000 US WSC TX Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 US WSC TX Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Texas households consume an average of 77 million Btu per year, about 14% less than the U.S. average. * Average electricity consumption per Texas home is 26% higher than the national average, but similar to the amount used in neighboring states. * The average annual electricity cost per Texas household is $1,801, among the highest in the nation, although similar to other warm weather states like Florida. * Texas homes are typically newer, yet smaller in size, than homes in other parts of

394

US WSC TX Site Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

WSC TX WSC TX Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US WSC TX Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 4,000 8,000 12,000 16,000 US WSC TX Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 US WSC TX Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Texas households consume an average of 77 million Btu per year, about 14% less than the U.S. average. * Average electricity consumption per Texas home is 26% higher than the national average, but similar to the amount used in neighboring states. * The average annual electricity cost per Texas household is $1,801, among the highest in the nation, although similar to other warm weather states like Florida. * Texas homes are typically newer, yet smaller in size, than homes in other parts of

395

Seasonal differences in performance and water consumption of broilers as influenced by sex, egg weight and grain source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, State University, Utrecht, Holland) 86 EDEEL No. 3. Ross, Ernest, G. H. Strite and H. Yacowitz, 1954. Comparison of feed efficiency, water consumption, dry matter excretion, and oxygen consumption between slow and rapid growing chicks. Poultry Sci..., State University, Utrecht, Holland) 86 EDEEL No. 3. Ross, Ernest, G. H. Strite and H. Yacowitz, 1954. Comparison of feed efficiency, water consumption, dry matter excretion, and oxygen consumption between slow and rapid growing chicks. Poultry Sci...

Lane, Lionel Robert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

396

US ESC TN Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ESC TN ESC TN Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US ESC TN Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 4,000 8,000 12,000 16,000 US ESC TN Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $400 $800 $1,200 $1,600 US ESC TN Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Tennessee households consume an average of 79 million Btu per year, about 12% less than the U.S. average. * Average electricity consumption for Tennessee households is 33% higher than the national average and among the highest in the nation, but spending for electricity is closer to average due to relatively low electricity prices. * Tennessee homes are typically newer, yet smaller in size, than homes in other parts of the country.

397

Continuous Energy Management of the HVAC&R System in an Office Building System Operation and Energy Consumption for the Eight Years after Building Completion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The authors continuously studied the energy consumption of a heating, ventilating, air- conditioning and refrigerating (HVAC&R) system in an office for the operation of the system in terms of its expected performance. A fault in the system control...

Akashi, Y.; Shinozaki, M.; Kusuda, R.; Ito, S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Differences in the consumption of confectionery products in Russia, England and Finland from the perspective of marketing mix.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study researched the consumption of the confectionary products from the perspective of Marketing Mix, by investigating the cross-cultural responses from Finland, England and Russia.… (more)

Baksheeva, Elena

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

US ENC WI Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

120 120 US ENC WI Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US ENC WI Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US ENC WI Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $300 $600 $900 $1,200 $1,500 US ENC WI Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Wisconsin households use 103 million Btu of energy per home, 15% more than the U.S. average. * Lower electricity and natural gas rates compared to states with a similar climate, such as New York, result in households spending 5% less for energy than the U.S. average. * Less reliance on electricity for heating, as well as cool summers, keeps average site electricity consumption in the state low relative to other parts of the U.S.

400

US ENC WI Site Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

120 120 US ENC WI Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US ENC WI Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US ENC WI Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $300 $600 $900 $1,200 $1,500 US ENC WI Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Wisconsin households use 103 million Btu of energy per home, 15% more than the U.S. average. * Lower electricity and natural gas rates compared to states with a similar climate, such as New York, result in households spending 5% less for energy than the U.S. average. * Less reliance on electricity for heating, as well as cool summers, keeps average site electricity consumption in the state low relative to other parts of the U.S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Power Consumption of Hybrid Optical Switches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two realization options of hybrid optical switches are evaluated with regard to power consumption. Both switches show improved energy efficiency in comparison to a pure packet...

Aleksic, Slavi?a

402

Household energy consumption and expenditures 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presents information about household end-use consumption of energy and expenditures for that energy. These data were collected in the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey; more than 7,000 households were surveyed for information on their housing units, energy consumption and expenditures, stock of energy-consuming appliances, and energy-related behavior. The information represents all households nationwide (97 million). Key findings: National residential energy consumption was 10.0 quadrillion Btu in 1993, a 9% increase over 1990. Weather has a significant effect on energy consumption. Consumption of electricity for appliances is increasing. Houses that use electricity for space heating have lower overall energy expenditures than households that heat with other fuels. RECS collected data for the 4 most populous states: CA, FL, NY, TX.

NONE

1995-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

403

Simulation of household in-home and transportation energy use : an integrated behavioral model for estimating energy consumption at the neighborhood scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Household in-home activities and out-of-home transportation are two major sources of urban energy consumption. In light of China's rapid urbanization and income growth, changing lifestyles and consumer patterns - evident ...

Yu, Feifei, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Potential for the Use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts to Reduce Energy Consumption and Provide Energy and Cost Savings in Non-Building Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumption and Provide Energy and Cost Savings in Non-applications to save energy and costs. This potential couldof ESPCs to provide energy and cost savings in non-building

Williams, Charles

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Renewable Energy Consumption | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consumption Consumption Dataset Summary Description Total annual renewable electricity consumption by country, 2005 to 2009 (available in Billion Kilowatt-hours or as Quadrillion Btu). Compiled by Energy Information Administration (EIA). Source EIA Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords EIA renewable electricity Renewable Energy Consumption world Data text/csv icon total_renewable_electricity_net_consumption_2005_2009billion_kwh.csv (csv, 8.5 KiB) text/csv icon total_renewable_electricity_net_consumption_2005_2009quadrillion_btu.csv (csv, 8.9 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2005 - 2009 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

406

OpenEI - Energy Consumption  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commercial and Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Profiles for all TMY3 Locations in the United States http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/961 This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols).  This dataset also includes the consumption/residential/">Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types

407

"Cumulated Vehicle Acceleration": An Attribute of GPS Probe Vehicle Traces for On-Line Assessment of Vehicle Fuel Consumption in Traffic and Transportation Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To perform a reliable on-line assessment of fuel consumption in vehicles, we introduce "cumulated vehicle acceleration" as an attribute of GPS probe vehicle traces. The objective of the calculation of the attribute "cumulated vehicle acceleration" in the GPS probe vehicle data is to perform a reliable on-line dynamic traffic assignment for the reduction of vehicle consumption in traffic and transportation networks.

Kerner, Boris S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The Consumption of Carbon in the Electric Arc. I. Variation with Current and Arc-Length. II. Influence upon the Luminous Radiation from the Arc  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 December 1915 research-article The Consumption of Carbon in the Electric Arc. I. Variation with Current and Arc-Length. II. Influence upon the Luminous Radiation from the...

1915-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

The effect of chronic ethanol consumption on enzyme activities of the energy-supplying metabolism and the alcohol-aldehyde oxidizing system in rat hearts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated in rat hearts if chronic alcohol consumption causes an enzymatic adaption of the energy-supplying metabolism and/or of the alcohol- ... with a liquid diet for 10 weeks. Ethanol was added to this d...

Dr. H. H. Klein; U. Spaar; H. Kreuzer

410

Reduction of Water Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooling systems using water evaporation to dissipate waste heat, will require one pound of water per 1,000 Btu. To reduce water consumption, a combination of "DRY" and "WET" cooling elements is the only practical answer. This paper reviews...

Adler, J.

411

Fuel Consumption and Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Calculating fuel consumption and emissions is a typical offline analysis ... simulations or real trajectory data) and the engine speed (as obtained from gear-shift schemes ... as input and is parameterized by veh...

Martin Treiber; Arne Kesting

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Food consumption trends and drivers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...original work is properly cited. Food consumption trends and drivers John Kearney...Government policy. A picture of food consumption (availability) trends and projections...largely responsible for these observed consumption trends are the subject of this review...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

An experimental study of the effect of a homogeneous combustion catalyst on fuel consumption and smoke emission in a diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of an experimental investigation into the influence of a ferrous picrate based homogeneous combustion catalyst on fuel consumption and smoke emission of a laboratory diesel engine. The catalyst used in this study was supplied by Fuel Technology Pty. Ltd. The fuel consumption and smoke emission were measured as a function of engine load, speed and catalyst dosing ratio. The brake specific fuel consumption and smoke emission decreased as the dosing ratio of the catalyst doped in the diesel fuel increased. At the catalyst dosing ratio of 1:3200, the brake specific fuel consumption was reduced by from 2.1% to 2.7% and the smoke emission was reduced by from 6.7% to 26.2% at the full engine load at speeds from 2600 rpm to 3400 rpm. The results also indicated that the potential of the fuel saving seems to be greater when the engine was run under light load.

Mingming Zhu; Yu Ma; Dongke Zhang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

methodology used to estimate these statistics relied on data from the 1990 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), the 1991 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption...

415

The relationship among oil, natural gas and coal consumption and economic growth in BRICTS (Brazil, Russian, India, China, Turkey and South Africa) countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The causality relationship between economic growth and coal, natural gas and oil consumption was investigated using the ARDL (autoregressive distributed lag bounds) testing approach for the 1980–2011 period in Brazil, Russian, India, China, Turkey and South Africa. According to long-run and strong causality results, there is bi-directional causality between oil energy consumption and Y for all countries. The long-run causality and strong causality results between coal consumption and economic growth indicated that there is bi-directional causality for China and India. According to long-run causality results and a strong causality result, there are bi-directional causality relationships between NGC (natural gas energy consumption) and Y for Brazil, Russia and Turkey.

Melike E. Bildirici; Tahsin Bakirtas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Rail Transit and Energy Consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Transit and Energy Consumption In a recent issue...D.C. 20418 The Diesel's Advantages It...p. 517). The diesel car, while it has...Other types of engine can be made to meet...catalysts by using leaded fuel because it is 3 to...politically unpopular. The diesel car requires no add-on...

CHARLES A. LAVE

1977-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

417

Consumption & Efficiency - Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy Information  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Consumption & Efficiency Consumption & Efficiency Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Residential Energy Consumption Survey Data Commercial Energy Consumption Survey Data Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey Data Vehicle Energy Consumption Survey Data Energy Intensity Consumption Summaries Average cost of fossil-fuels for electricity generation All Consumption & Efficiency Data Reports Analysis & Projections All Sectors Commercial Buildings Efficiency Manufacturing Projections Residential Transportation All Reports All Sectors Change category... All Sectors Commercial Buildings Efficiency Manufacturing Projections Residential Transportation All Reports Filter by: All Data Analysis Projections Today in Energy - Commercial Consumption & Efficiency Short, timely articles with graphs about recent commercial consumption and

418

US NE MA Site Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NE MA NE MA Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 $3,000 US NE MA Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US NE MA Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $250 $500 $750 $1,000 $1,250 $1,500 US NE MA Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Massachusetts households use 109 million Btu of energy per home, 22% more than the U.S. average. * The higher than average site consumption results in households spending 22% more for energy than the U.S. average. * Less reliance on electricity for heating, as well as cool summers, keeps average site electricity consumption in the state low relative to other parts of the U.S. However, spending on electricity is closer to the national average due to higher

419

US NE MA Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

NE MA NE MA Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 $3,000 US NE MA Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US NE MA Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $250 $500 $750 $1,000 $1,250 $1,500 US NE MA Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Massachusetts households use 109 million Btu of energy per home, 22% more than the U.S. average. * The higher than average site consumption results in households spending 22% more for energy than the U.S. average. * Less reliance on electricity for heating, as well as cool summers, keeps average site electricity consumption in the state low relative to other parts of the U.S. However, spending on electricity is closer to the national average due to higher

420

Effect of the environmental enrichment on the severity of psychological dependence and voluntary methamphetamine consumption in methamphetamine withdrawn rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Previously results have been shown that chronic methamphetamine causes dependence, withdrawal syndrome and drug craving. Also, environmental enrichment (EE) has been shown protective effects in several animal models of addiction. This study evaluated effect of the EE on the anxiety-depression profile and voluntary METH consumption in METH-dependent rats after abstinence. The rats were chronically treated with bi-daily doses (2 mg/kg, at 12 h intervals) of METH over a period of 14 days. METH dependent rats reared in standard environment (SE) or EE during spontaneous METH withdrawal which lasted 30 days. Then, the rats were tested for anxiety (the elevated plus maze-EPM) and depression (forced swim test-FST) and also voluntary consumption of METH using a two-bottle choice paradigm (TBC). The results showed that the EE rats exhibited an increase in EPM open arm time and entries (P rats than the SE group during 2 periods of the intake of drug (P < 0.05). Environmental enrichment seems to be one of the strategies in reduction of behavioral deficits and the risk of relapse induced by METH withdrawal.

Samira Hajheidari; Hossein Miladi-Gorji; Imanollah Bigdeli

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Energy Consumption Issues on Mobile Network Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes energy consumption demographic data in operating real mobile networks. We examine published data from NTT DoCoMo, which is the largest mobile telecommunication operator in Japan and operating nation-wide 3G networks, and identify ... Keywords: Moble Network, Power Consumption, Battery, CO2, Green Network

Minoru Etoh; Tomoyuki Ohya; Yuji Nakayama

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

NOAAlNMFS Developments Seafood Consumption and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NOAAlNMFS Developments Seafood Consumption and Exports Are Up in Hawaii Seafood consumption amount to $28.7 million, of which $2.4 million is fresh fish and $21.2 million is frozen seafood (lobster and the inter- national market; 5) seafood consump- tion in Hawaii is estimated to be 24 pounds per person

423

Emerging WiFi Direct technique in home area networks for Smart Grid: Power consumption and outage performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Considering the power saving potential of the emerging WiFi Direct technique, we evaluate the performance of WiFi Direct technique in Home Area Networks (HANs) for Smart Grid communication from two aspects: power consumption and downlink outage performance. By modeling the traffic intensity and the number of working devices in a dynamic HAN as a Markov chain, the power consumption of the dynamic HAN with Power Saving Mechanism (PSM) and the conventional static HAN with Continuous Active Mode (CAM) are evaluated and compared. On the other hand, the probability density function (PDF) of the signal to interference and noise ratio (SINR) for the active user connected in the HAN is derived from the amplitude distribution property of the classical indoor Saleh–Valenzuela (S–V) channel. The numerical results show that WiFi Direct technique not only improves the power saving in the HAN for Smart Grid, but also enhances the reliability of HAN communications for Smart Grid.

Zhuo Li; Qilian Liang; Xiuzhen Cheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Using architecture information and real-time resource state to reduce power consumption and communication costs in parallel applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As computer systems grow in both size and complexity, the need for applications and run-time systems to adjust to their dynamic environment also grows. The goal of the RAAMP LDRD was to combine static architecture information and real-time system state with algorithms to conserve power, reduce communication costs, and avoid network contention. We devel- oped new data collection and aggregation tools to extract static hardware information (e.g., node/core hierarchy, network routing) as well as real-time performance data (e.g., CPU uti- lization, power consumption, memory bandwidth saturation, percentage of used bandwidth, number of network stalls). We created application interfaces that allowed this data to be used easily by algorithms. Finally, we demonstrated the benefit of integrating system and application information for two use cases. The first used real-time power consumption and memory bandwidth saturation data to throttle concurrency to save power without increasing application execution time. The second used static or real-time network traffic information to reduce or avoid network congestion by remapping MPI tasks to allocated processors. Results from our work are summarized in this report; more details are available in our publications [2, 6, 14, 16, 22, 29, 38, 44, 51, 54].

Brandt, James M.; Devine, Karen D. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Gentile, Ann C. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Leung, Vitus J. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Olivier, Stephen Lecler [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Pedretti, Kevin [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Rajamanickam, Sivasankaran [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Bunde, David P. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Deveci, Mehmet; Catalyurek, Umit V.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Efficacy of LEED-certification in reducing energy consumption and greenhouse gas emission for large New York City office buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper 2011 energy consumption, green house gas (GHG) emission, and ENERGY STAR Energy Performance Rating (EPR) data for 953 office buildings in New York City are examined. The data were made public as a result of New York City's local law 84. Twenty-one of these office buildings were identified as LEED-certified, providing the opportunity for direct comparison of energy performance data for LEED and non-LEED buildings of the same type, time frame, and geographical and climate region. With regard to energy consumption and GHG emission the LEED-certified buildings, collectively, showed no savings as compared with non-LEED buildings. The subset of the LEED buildings certified at the Gold level outperformed other NYC office buildings by 20%. In contrast LEED Silver and Certified office buildings underperformed other NYC office buildings. The average EPR for the LEED buildings was 78, 10 pts higher than that for all NYC office buildings, raising questions about the validity and interpretation of these EPR's. This work suggests that LEED building certification is not moving NYC toward its goal of climate neutrality. The results also suggest the need to re-examine some aspects of ENERGY STAR's benchmarking tool.

John H. Scofield

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

The effects of financial development, economic growth, coal consumption and trade openness on CO2 emissions in South Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper explores the effects of financial development, economic growth, coal consumption and trade openness on environmental performance using time series data over the period 1965–2008 in case of South Africa. The ARDL bounds testing approach to cointegration has been used to test the long run relationship among the variables while short run dynamics have been investigated by applying error correction method (ECM). The unit root properties of the variables are examined by applying Saikkonen and Lütkepohl (2002. Econometric Theory 18, 313–348) structural break unit root test. Our findings confirmed long run relationship among the variables. Results showed that a rise in economic growth increases energy emissions, while financial development reduces it. Coal consumption has significant contribution to deteriorate environment in South African economy. Trade openness improves environmental quality by reducing the growth of energy pollutants. Our empirical results also verified the existence of environmental Kuznets curve. This paper opens up new insights for South African economy to sustain economic growth by controlling environment from degrdation through efficient use of energy.

Muhammad Shahbaz; Aviral Kumar Tiwari; Muhammad Nasir

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

US SoAtl GA Site Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

GA GA Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US SoAtl GA Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 4,000 8,000 12,000 16,000 US SoAtl GA Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $300 $600 $900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 US SoAtl GA Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Site energy consumption (89.5 million Btu) and energy expenditures per household ($2,067) in Georgia are similar to the U.S. household averages. * Per household electricity consumption in Georgia is among the highest in the country, but similar to other states in the South. * Forty-five percent of homes in Georgia were built since 1990, a characteristic typically associated with lower per household consumption. Georgia homes,

428

US SoAtl GA Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

GA GA Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US SoAtl GA Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 4,000 8,000 12,000 16,000 US SoAtl GA Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $300 $600 $900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 US SoAtl GA Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Site energy consumption (89.5 million Btu) and energy expenditures per household ($2,067) in Georgia are similar to the U.S. household averages. * Per household electricity consumption in Georgia is among the highest in the country, but similar to other states in the South. * Forty-five percent of homes in Georgia were built since 1990, a characteristic typically associated with lower per household consumption. Georgia homes,

429

Chapter 4. Fuel Economy, Consumption and Expenditures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Fuel Economy, Consumption, and Expenditures 4. Fuel Economy, Consumption, and Expenditures Chapter 4. Fuel Economy, Consumption, and Expenditures This chapter analyzes trends in fuel economy, fuel consumption, and fuel expenditures, using data unique to the Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey, as well as selected data from other sources. Analysis topics include the following: Following the oil supply and price disruptions caused by the Arab oil embargo of 1973-1974, motor gasoline price increases, the introduction of corporate average fuel economy standards, and environmental quality initiatives helped to spur major changes in vehicle technology. But have the many advances in vehicle technology resulted in measurable gains in the fuel economy of the residential vehicle fleet?

430

World energy consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Historical and projected world energy consumption information is displayed. The information is presented by region and fuel type, and includes a world total. Measurements are in quadrillion Btu. Sources of the information contained in the table are: (1) history--Energy Information Administration (EIA), International Energy Annual 1992, DOE/EIA-0219(92); (2) projections--EIA, World Energy Projections System, 1994. Country amounts include an adjustment to account for electricity trade. Regions or country groups are shown as follows: (1) Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), US (not including US territories), which are included in other (ECD), Canada, Japan, OECD Europe, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, other Europe, and other OECD; (2) Eurasia--China, former Soviet Union, eastern Europe; (3) rest of world--Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and other countries not included in any other group. Fuel types include oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, and other. Other includes hydroelectricity, geothermal, solar, biomass, wind, and other renewable sources.

NONE

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Potential for the Use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts to Reduce Energy Consumption and Provide Energy and Cost Savings in Non-Building Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Existing Vessels, Reducing Shipboard Fuel Consumption and48 Navy vessels have reported fuel consumption into the Navy

Williams, Charles

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Office Buildings - Energy Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption Energy Consumption Office buildings consumed more than 17 percent of the total energy used by the commercial buildings sector (Table 4). At least half of total energy, electricity, and natural gas consumed by office buildings was consumed by administrative or professional office buildings (Figure 2). Table 4. Energy Consumed by Office Buildings for Major Fuels, 2003 All Buildings Total Energy Consumption (trillion Btu) Number of Buildings (thousand) Total Floorspace (million sq. ft.) Sum of Major Fuels Electricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat All Buildings 4,859 71,658 6,523 3,559 2,100 228 636 All Non-Mall Buildings 4,645 64,783 5,820 3,037 1,928 222 634 All Office Buildings 824 12,208 1,134 719 269 18 128 Type of Office Building

433

An investigation into the cutting forces generated for sharp and dull end milling tools used in Flexible Manufacturing Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Arsovski 1983, Tlusty and Andrews 1983). Tool wear sensing techniques fall into two general categories: direct methods and indirect methods. Direct methods measure the actual wear to the tool, in- cluding the tool geometry change and the workpiece size...

Jones, Alan Sam

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

A global review of energy consumption, CO2 emissions and policy in the residential sector (with an overview of the top ten CO2 emitting countries)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Climate change and global warming as the main human societies’ threats are fundamentally associated with energy consumption and GHG emissions. The residential sector, representing 27% and 17% of global energy consumption and CO2 emissions, respectively, has a considerable role to mitigate global climate change. Ten countries, including China, the US, India, Russia, Japan, Germany, South Korea, Canada, Iran, and the UK, account for two-thirds of global CO2 emissions. Thus, these countries’ residential energy consumption and GHG emissions have direct, significant effects on the world environment. The aim of this paper is to review the status and current trends of energy consumption, CO2 emissions and energy policies in the residential sector, both globally and in those ten countries. It was found that global residential energy consumption grew by 14% from 2000 to 2011. Most of this increase has occurred in developing countries, where population, urbanization and economic growth have been the main driving factors. Among the ten studied countries, all of the developed ones have shown a promising trend of reduction in CO2 emissions, apart from the US and Japan, which showed a 4% rise. Globally, the residential energy market is dominated by traditional biomass (40% of the total) followed by electricity (21%) and natural gas (20%), but the total proportion of fossil fuels has decreased over the past decade. Energy policy plays a significant role in controlling energy consumption. Different energy policies, such as building energy codes, incentives, energy labels have been employed by countries. Those policies can be successful if they are enhanced by making them mandatory, targeting net-zero energy building, and increasing public awareness about new technologies. However, developing countries, such as China, India and Iran, still encounter with considerable growth in GHG emissions and energy consumption, which are mostly related to the absence of strong, efficient policy.

Payam Nejat; Fatemeh Jomehzadeh; Mohammad Mahdi Taheri; Mohammad Gohari; Muhd Zaimi Abd. Majid

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

An Analysis Framework for Investigating the Trade-offs Between System Performance and Energy Consumption in a Heterogeneous Computing Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Analysis Framework for Investigating the Trade-offs Between System Performance and Energy that will allow a system administrator to investigate the trade- offs between system energy consumption be useful to examine the trade-offs between minimizing energy consumption and maximizing computing

Maciejewski, Anthony A.

436

Green tea and black tea consumption in relation to colorectal cancer risk: the Singapore Chinese Health Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Epidemiology 4: Diet, Alcohol, Energy Balance, and Cancer Risk Proc...Cancer Res, Volume 47, 2006 Green tea and black tea consumption...Experimental studies support both green and black tea as chemo-preventive...The relationships between green tea and black tea consumption...

Can-Lan Sun; Jian-Min Yuan; Woon-Puay Koh; Hin-Peng Lee; and Mimi C Yu

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

A new design of wind tower for passive ventilation in buildings to reduce energy consumption in windy regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In today’s world, the significance of energy and energy conservation is a common knowledge. Wind towers can save the electrical energy used to provide thermal comfort during the warm months of the year, especially during the peak hours. In this paper, we propose a new design for wind towers. The proposed wind towers are installed on top of the buildings, in the direction of the maximum wind speed in the region. If the desired wind speed is accessible in several directions, additional wind towers can be installed in several positions. The proposed wind tower can also rotate and set itself in the direction of the maximum wind speed. In the regions where the wind speed is low, to improve the efficiency of the system a solar chimney or a one-sided wind tower can be installed in another part of the building in the opposite direction. Using transparent materials in the manufacturing of the proposed wind towers improves the use of natural light inside the building. The major advantage of wind towers is that they are passive systems requiring no energy for operation. Also, wind towers reduce electrical energy consumption and environmental pollution.

A.R. Dehghani-sanij; M. Soltani; K. Raahemifar

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Residential energy consumption across different population groups: Comparative analysis for Latino and non-Latino households in U.S.A.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Residential energy cost, an important part of the household budget, varies significantly across different population groups. In the United States, researchers have conducted many studies of household fuel consumption by fuel type -- electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) -- and by geographic areas. The results of past research have also demonstrated significant variation in residential energy use across various population groups, including white, black, and Latino. However, research shows that residential energy demand by fuel type for Latinos, the fastest-growing population group in the United States, has not been explained by economic and noneconomic factors in any available statistical model. This paper presents a discussion of energy demand and expenditure patterns for Latino and non-Latino households in the United States. The statistical model developed to explain fuel consumption and expenditures for Latino households is based on Stone and Geary`s linear expenditure system model. For comparison, the authors also developed models for energy consumption in non-Latino, black, and nonblack households. These models estimate consumption of and expenditures for electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and LPG by various households at the national level. The study revealed significant variations in the patterns of fuel consumption for Latinos and non-Latinos. The model methodology and results of this research should be useful to energy policymakers in government and industry, researchers, and academicians who are concerned with economic and energy issues related to various population groups.

Poyer, D.A.; Teotia, A.P.S. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Henderson, L. [Univ. of Baltimore, MD (United States)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Quantitative microbiological risk assessment of campylobacteriosis cases in the German population due to consumption of chicken prepared in homes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Infection with Campylobacter spp. is one of the leading causes of food poisoning in Europe. In this work, a retail product to consumer model was developed in order to examine how chicken prepared in German homes exposes the consumer to Campylobacter spp. and the level of resulting illness. The model was designed to include a number of important factors in the exposure assessment and starts with the family unit where one person cooks for the whole household. The behaviour of the cook determines the exposure level of the rest of the family, but the exposure can vary between the family members. Both exposure to the bacteria from undercooking of contaminated chicken meat and from cross-contamination by hands and from the kitchen environment were addressed. The number of illnesses in Germany due to preparation and consumption of fresh and frozen chicken legs and breasts in home was estimated. The model shows that reducing the Campylobacter load on the chicken may result in a greater reduction in the incidence of human illness than reducing prevalence of contaminated products.

Sigrid Brynestad; Leif Braute; Petra Luber; Edda Bartelt

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Trends in mercury concentrations in the hair of women of Nome, Alaska - Evidence of seafood consumption or abiotic absorption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Eighty samples of hair from women of child-bearing age from Nome, Alaska, and seven control samples from women living in Sequim, Washington, were analyzed for mercury concentration by segmental analysis in an effort to determine whether seasonal fluctuations in mercury concentration in the hair samples can be correlated to seasonal seafood consumption. Full-length hair strands were analyzed in 1.1-cm segments representing 1 month's growth using a strong acid digestion and cold vapor atomic fluorescence analysis. It was assumed that the concentration of mercury in each segment is an indicator of the mercury body burden during the month in which the segment emerged from the scalp. Eighteen of the samples show seasonal variability, with five of the controls and one Nome resident showing winter highs while all Nome residents show summer highs. Twenty-six of the samples show an increase in mercury concentration toward the distal end of the strand regardless of month of growth. The trend of increasing mercury concentrations toward the distal end of the hair strand regardless of month of emergence, and the documented presence of elevated levels of elemental mercury in the Nome area suggest that these elevated levels may actually be due to external contamination of the hair strands by adsorption and not due to ingestion of contaminated foodstuffs such as seafood.

Lasorsa, B. (Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States))

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Trends in mercury concentrations in the hair of women of Nome, Alaska - Evidence of seafood consumption or abiotic absorption?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Eighty samples of hair from women of child-bearing age from Nome, Alaska, and seven control samples from women living in Sequim, Washington, were analyzed for mercury concentration by segmental analysis in an effort to determine whether seasonal fluctuations in mercury concentration in the hair samples can be correlated to seasonal seafood consumption. Full-length hair strands were analyzed in 1.1-cm segments representing 1 month`s growth using a strong acid digestion and cold vapor atomic fluorescence analysis. It was assumed that the concentration of mercury in each segment is an indicator of the mercury body burden during the month in which the segment emerged from the scalp. Eighteen of the samples show seasonal variability, with five of the controls and one Nome resident showing winter highs while all Nome residents show summer highs. Twenty-six of the samples show an increase in mercury concentration toward the distal end of the strand regardless of month of growth. The trend of increasing mercury concentrations toward the distal end of the hair strand regardless of month of emergence, and the documented presence of elevated levels of elemental mercury in the Nome area suggest that these elevated levels may actually be due to external contamination of the hair strands by adsorption and not due to ingestion of contaminated foodstuffs such as seafood.

Lasorsa, B. [Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3. 3. Vehicle Miles Traveled This chapter presents information on household vehicle usage, as measured by the number of vehicle miles traveled (VMT). VMT is one of the two most important components used in estimating household vehicle fuel consumption. (The other, fuel efficiency, is discussed in Chapter 4). In addition, this chapter examines differences in driving behavior based on the characteristics of the household and the type of vehicle driven. Trends in household driving patterns are also examined using additional information from the Department of Transportation's Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (NPTS). Household VMT is a measure of the demand for personal transportation. Demand for transportation may be viewed from either an economic or a social perspective. From the economic point-of-view, the use of a household vehicle represents the consumption of one

443

Natural Gas Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Lease Fuel Consumption Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Volumes Delivered to Consumers Volumes Delivered to Residential Volumes Delivered to Commercial Consumers Volumes Delivered to Industrial Consumers Volumes Delivered to Vehicle Fuel Consumers Volumes Delivered to Electric Power Consumers Period: Monthly Annual Lease Fuel Consumption Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Volumes Delivered to Consumers Volumes Delivered to Residential Volumes Delivered to Commercial Consumers Volumes Delivered to Industrial Consumers Volumes Delivered to Vehicle Fuel Consumers Volumes Delivered to Electric Power Consumers Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 23,103,793 23,277,008 22,910,078 24,086,797 24,477,425 25,533,448 1949-2012 Alabama 418,512 404,157 454,456 534,779 598,514 666,738 1997-2012 Alaska 369,967 341,888 342,261 333,312 335,458 343,110 1997-2012

444

Variety in Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and the Risk of Lung Cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Vegetable and fruit consumption has been hypothesized...cancer risk. The 2007 World Cancer Research Fund...vegetable and fruit consumption and energy intake increased with...fruit and vegetable consumption. Those reporting higher...

Frederike L. Büchner; H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita; Martine M. Ros; Kim Overvad; Christina C. Dahm; Louise Hansen; Anne Tjřnneland; Françoise Clavel-Chapelon; Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault; Marina Touillaud; Rudolf Kaaks; Sabine Rohrmann; Heiner Boeing; Ute Nöthlings; Antonia Trichopoulou; Dimosthenis Zylis; Vardis Dilis; Domenico Palli; Sabina Sieri; Paolo Vineis; Rosario Tumino; Salvatore Panico; Petra H.M. Peeters; Carla H. van Gils; Eiliv Lund; Inger T. Gram; Tonje Braaten; María-José Sánchez; Antonio Agudo; Nerea Larrańaga; Eva Ardanaz; Carmen Navarro; Marcial V. Argüelles; Jonas Manjer; Elisabet Wirfält; Göran Hallmans; Torgny Rasmuson; Tim J. Key; Kay-Tee Khaw; Nick Wareham; Nadia Slimani; Anne-Claire Vergnaud; Wei W. Xun; Lambertus A.L.M. Kiemeney; and Elio Riboli

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Dancing Africa in Bahia : dance, embodied authenticity and the consumption of "Africa" in Bahia, Brazil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Formation in Contemporary Brazil." In On Edge: The Crisis ofof Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. ” National Library of Ghana.197-204. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: UNESCO. Centro de Estudos

Ahlberg, Meredith A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

US WNC MO Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

WNC MO WNC MO Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US WNC MO Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 3,000 6,000 9,000 12,000 15,000 US WNC MO Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $300 $600 $900 $1,200 $1,500 US WNC MO Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Missouri households consume an average of 100 million Btu per year, 12% more than the U.S. average. * Average household energy costs in Missouri are slightly less than the national average, primarily due to historically lower residential electricity prices in the state. * Missouri homes are typically larger than homes in other states and are more likely to be attached or detached single-family housing units.

447

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy based on data from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey. The sample used in this report represented about 250,000 of the largest manufacturing establishments which account for approximately 98 percent of U.S. economic output from manufacturing, and an expected similar proportion of manufacturing energy use. The amount of energy use was collected for all operations of each establishment surveyed. Highlights of the report include profiles for the four major energy-consuming industries (petroleum refining, chemical, paper, and primary metal industries), and an analysis of the effects of changes in the natural gas and electricity markets on the manufacturing sector. Seven appendices are included to provide detailed background information. 10 figs., 51 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Dancing Africa in Bahia : dance, embodied authenticity and the consumption of "Africa" in Bahia, Brazil.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In Brazil, images and ideas of Africa have been historically linked to the northeastern state of Bahia, more specifically with the former colonial capital and… (more)

Ahlberg, Meredith A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Detailed Detailed Tables The following tables present detailed characteristics of vehicles in the residential sector. Data are from the 1991 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey. The "Glossary" contains the definitions of terms used in the tables. Table Organization The "Detailed Tables" section consists of three types of tables: (1) Tables of totals such as number of vehicle miles traveled (VMT) or gallons consumed; (2) Tables of per household statistics such as VMT per household; and (3) Tables of per vehicle statistics such as vehicle fuel consumption per vehicle. The tables have been grouped together by specific topics such as model year data, or family income data to facilitate finding related information. The Quick-Reference Guide to the detailed tables indicates major topics of each table. Row and Column Factors These tables present estimates

450

An Analysis of Energy Consumption in Grocery Stores in a Hot and Humid Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The intent of this study was to investigate the efficient use of energy by developing an energy efficient grocery store combined with cogeneration. This study demonstrated the potential to reduce the energy use in buildings, by implementing a...

Mukhopadhyay, Jaya

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

451

The individual contribution of automotive components to vehicle fuel consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel consumption has grown to become a major point of interest as oil reserves are depleted. The purpose of this study is to determine the key components that cause variation in the instantaneous fuel consumption of vehicles ...

Napier, Parhys L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Fact #704: December 5, 2011 Fuel Consumption Standards for New...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

4: December 5, 2011 Fuel Consumption Standards for New Heavy Pickups and Vans Fact 704: December 5, 2011 Fuel Consumption Standards for New Heavy Pickups and Vans In September...

453

HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL-WORLD DRIVING IN LABORATORY CONDITIONS HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL-WORLD DRIVING...

454

Electricity Consumption Simulation Based on Multi-agent System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to simulate impact on electricity of macroeconomic policy and foreign trade, Electricity Consumption Simulation System (ECMAS) was established based ... according to I/O table and data of electricity consumption

Minjie Xu; Zhaoguang Hu; Baoguo Shan…

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Energy Information Administration - Transportation Energy Consumption by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption Energy Consumption Transportation Energy Consumption Surveys energy used by vehicles EIA conducts numerous energy-related surveys and other information programs. In general, the surveys can be divided into two broad groups: supply surveys, directed to the suppliers and marketers of specific energy sources, that measure the quantities of specific fuels produced for and/or supplied to the market; and consumption surveys, which gather information on the types of energy used by consumer groups along with the consumer characteristics that are associated with energy use. In the transportation sector, EIA's core consumption survey was the Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey. RTECS belongs to the consumption group because it collects information directly from the consumer, the household. For roughly a decade, EIA fielded the RTECS--data were first collected in 1983. This survey, fielded for the last time in 1994, was a triennial survey of energy use and expenditures, vehicle miles-traveled (VMT), and vehicle characteristics for household vehicles. For the 1994 survey, a national sample of more than 3,000 households that own or use some 5,500 vehicles provided data.

456

Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994 Energy Information Administration/Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994 Introduction The market for natural gas has been changing for quite some time. As part of natural gas restructuring, gas pipelines were opened to multiple users. Manufacturers or their representatives could go directly to the wellhead to purchase their natural gas, arrange the transportation, and have the natural gas delivered either by the local distribution company or directly through a connecting pipeline. More recently, the electricity markets have been undergoing change. When Congress passed the Energy Policy Act of 1992, requirements were included not only to open access to the ownership of electricity generation, but also to open access to the transmission lines so that wholesale trade in electricity would be possible. Now several States, including California and

457

Household vehicles energy consumption 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1994 reports on the results of the 1994 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS). The RTECS is a national sample survey that has been conducted every 3 years since 1985. For the 1994 survey, more than 3,000 households that own or use some 6,000 vehicles provided information to describe vehicle stock, vehicle-miles traveled, energy end-use consumption, and energy expenditures for personal vehicles. The survey results represent the characteristics of the 84.9 million households that used or had access to vehicles in 1994 nationwide. (An additional 12 million households neither owned or had access to vehicles during the survey year.) To be included in then RTECS survey, vehicles must be either owned or used by household members on a regular basis for personal transportation, or owned by a company rather than a household, but kept at home, regularly available for the use of household members. Most vehicles included in the RTECS are classified as {open_quotes}light-duty vehicles{close_quotes} (weighing less than 8,500 pounds). However, the RTECS also includes a very small number of {open_quotes}other{close_quotes} vehicles, such as motor homes and larger trucks that are available for personal use.

NONE

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

The experience of . . . suspense: understanding the construct, its antecedents, and its consequences in consumption and acquisition contexts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?Will my flight be cancelled?? ?Will I win the eBay auction?? These consumption and product acquisition situations would trigger the experience of . . . suspense. Suspense is defined as the overall anticipatory arousal associated with the hope and...

Guidry, Julie Anna

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

459

Towards New Widgets to Reduce PC Power Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Towards New Widgets to Reduce PC Power Consumption Abstract We present a study which describes document) were compared for power consumption across both a desktop and a laptop computer and across two in the power consumption of the interac- tion technique is the number of screen updates in- volved. Keywords

Williamson, John

460

Food Consumption by Sea Lions: Existing Data and Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Food Consumption by Sea Lions: Existing Data and Techniques Arliss J. Winship, Andrea M.J. Hunter on the quantity of food consumed by sea lions in captivity, and examined how consumption varied by species, body ranges of estimates of food consumption for sea lions that can be used in various modeling strategies

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Residential Energy Consumption Survey:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

E/EIA-0262/2 E/EIA-0262/2 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: 1978-1980 Consumption and Expenditures Part II: Regional Data May 1981 U.S. Department of Energy Energy Information Administration Assistant Administrator for Program Development Office of the Consumption Data System Residential and Commercial Data Systems Division -T8-aa * N uojssaooy 'SOS^-m (£03) ao£ 5925 'uofSfAfQ s^onpojj aa^ndmoo - aojAaag T BU T3gN am rcoj? aig^IT^^ '(adBx Q-naugBH) TOO/T8-JQ/30Q 30^703 OQ ' d jo :moaj ajqBfT^A^ 3J^ sjaodaa aAoqe aqa jo 's-TZTOO-eoo-Tgo 'ON ^ois odo 'g^zo-via/aoQ 'TBST Sujpjjng rXaAang uojidmnsuoo XSaaug sSu-ppjprig ON ^oo^s OdO '^/ZOZO-Via/aOQ *086T aunr '6L6I ?sn§ny og aunf ' jo suja^Bd uoj^dmnsuoo :XaAjng uo^^dmnsuoQ XSaaug OS '9$ '6-ieTOO- 00-T90 OdD 'S/ZOZO-Via/aOa C

462

Transportation Energy Futures: Combining Strategies for Deep Reductions in Energy Consumption and GHG Emissions (Brochure), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TRANSPORTATION ENERGY FUTURES TRANSPORTATION ENERGY FUTURES Combining Strategies for Deep Reductions in Energy Consumption and GHG Emissions Significant Energy Consumption - and Opportunities for Reduction Transportation is essential to our economy and quality of life, and currently accounts for 71% of the nation's total petroleum use and 33% of our total carbon emissions. Energy-efficient transportation strategies could reduce both oil consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The U.S. Department of Energy-sponsored Transportation Energy Futures (TEF) project examines how combining multiple strategies could reduce both GHG emissions and petroleum use by 80%. The project's primary objective is to help inform domestic decisions about transportation energy strategies, priorities, and investments, with an

463

Fuel Consumption Monitoring and Diesel Engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a perspective to explore how fuel monitoring and diesel engine life are interconnected, it’s necessary to ... touch several issues such as specifics of diesel engines in fuel consumption, the effects of precis...

Anna Antimiichuk

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Milk consumption and incidence rates of prostate, breast, and colorectal cancers: An ecologic study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...vegetable, and alcohol consumption in nine time periods...Organization. Cigarette consumption data (cigarettes...were derived from World Health Organization...fat, and alcohol consumption was expressed in percent of energy (% E) and vegetable...

Jianjun Zhang and Hugo Kesteloot

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Plan to Reduce Petroleum Consumption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

State Plan to Reduce State Plan to Reduce Petroleum Consumption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Plan to Reduce Petroleum Consumption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Plan to Reduce Petroleum Consumption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Plan to Reduce Petroleum Consumption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Plan to Reduce Petroleum Consumption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Plan to Reduce Petroleum Consumption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Plan to Reduce Petroleum Consumption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type State Plan to Reduce Petroleum Consumption

466

Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) - Energy Information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Consumption Survey (RECS) - U.S. Energy Information Consumption Survey (RECS) - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis Sources & Uses Petroleum & Other Liquids Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. Electricity Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Consumption & Efficiency Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, manufacturing, and transportation. Coal Reserves, production, prices, employ- ment and productivity, distribution, stocks, imports and exports. Renewable & Alternative Fuels

467

The prediction of heating energy consumption in a model house by using artificial neural networks in Denizli-Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Turkey does not have petrol and natural gas reserves on a large scale. National energy resources are lignite and hydropower. Together with increasing environmental problems and diminishing fossil resources, studies focusing on energy reduction as well ... Keywords: Artificial neural network, Degree-hour method, Energy consumption, Heating

Ö. Altan Dombayc?

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

American Options, Multiarmed Bandits, and Optimal Consumption Plans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American Options, Multi­armed Bandits, and Optimal Consumption Plans: A Unifying View By Peter Bank consumption choice can all be reduced to the same problem of representing a given stochastic process in terms­armed bandits, optimal consumption plans, optimal stopping, representation theorem, universal exercise signal

Föllmer, Hans

469

Optimal consumption and investment for markets with randoms coefficients.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal consumption and investment for markets with randoms coefficients. Belkacem Berdjane and Serguei Pergamenshchikov February 6, 2011 Abstract We consider an optimal consumption - investment problem consumption - investment strategies are obtained. It turns out that the optimal convergence rate in this case

470

Term Structure of Interest Rates with Consumption Commitments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Term Structure of Interest Rates with Consumption Commitments J. C. Duan Risk Management Institute Abstract We study the term structure of interest rates in the presence of consumption commitments using and develop computation methods. Examples are ana- lyzed to illustrate the effect of consumption commitments

Zhu, Qiji Jim

471

On the Energy Consumption and Performance of Systems Software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Energy Consumption and Performance of Systems Software Appears in the proceedings of the 4th,grosu,psehgal,sas,stoller,ezk}@cs.stonybrook.edu ABSTRACT Models of energy consumption and performance are necessary to understand and identify system. This paper considers the energy consumption and performance of servers running a relatively simple file

Zadok, Erez

472

Using Bytecode Instruction Counting as Portable CPU Consumption Metric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Bytecode Instruction Counting as Portable CPU Consumption Metric Walter Binder and Jarle-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland firstname.lastname@epfl.ch Abstract Accounting for the CPU consumption consumption information in order to detect a resource overuse of client components (detection of denial

Binder, Walter

473

Power Consumption of GPUs from a Software Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Consumption of GPUs from a Software Perspective Sylvain Collange1 , David Defour1 and Arnaud computing solutions. They have power consumptions up to 300 W. This may lead to power supply and thermal. However, as long as the main goal of GPU was to serve in desktops, their power consumption was secondary

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

474

A Realistic Power Consumption Model for Wireless Sensor Network Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Realistic Power Consumption Model for Wireless Sensor Network Devices Qin Wang, Mark Hempstead}@eecs.harvard.edu Abstract-- A realistic power consumption model of wireless communication subsystems typically used in many sensor network node devices is presented. Simple power consumption models for major components

Hempstead, Mark

475

A STOCHASTIC CONTROL MODEL OF INVESTMENT, PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STOCHASTIC CONTROL MODEL OF INVESTMENT, PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION BY WENDELL H. FLEMING is to choose investment and consumption controls which maximize total expected discounted HARA utility of consumption. Optimal control policies are found using the method of dynamic programming. In case

Pang, Tao

476

American Options, Multiarmed Bandits, and Optimal Consumption Plans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American Options, Multi­armed Bandits, and Optimal Consumption Plans: A Unifying View By Peter Bank, and in the microeconomic theory of intertemporal consumption choice can all be reduced to the same problem of representing and phrases. American options, Gittins index, multi­armed bandits, optimal consumption plans, optimal stopping

Bank, Peter

477

Energino: a Hardware and Software Solution for Energy Consumption Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energino: a Hardware and Software Solution for Energy Consumption Monitoring Karina Gomez, Roberto.granelli@disi.unitn.it Abstract--Accurate measurement of energy consumption of practical wireless deployments is vital in the availability of affordable and scalable energy consumption monitoring tools for the research community

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

478

Optimal lifetime consumption and investment under drawdown constraint  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal lifetime consumption and investment under drawdown constraint Romuald Elie Nizar Touzi consumption-investment problem under the drawdown constraint, i.e. the wealth process never falls below in explicit form, and we derive closed-form expressions for the optimal consumption and investment strategy

Touzi, Nizar

479

Automated Analysis of Performance and Energy Consumption for Cloud Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automated Analysis of Performance and Energy Consumption for Cloud Applications Feifei Chen, John providers is thus to develop resource provisioning and management solutions at minimum energy consumption system performance and energy consumption patterns in complex cloud systems is imperative to achieve

Schneider, Jean-Guy

480

Energy consumption metrics of MIT buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With world energy demand on the rise and greenhouse gas levels breaking new records each year, lowering energy consumption and improving energy efficiency has become vital. MIT, in a mission to help improve the global ...

Schmidt, Justin David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "in cluding consumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) - Energy Information...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Heating and cooling no longer majority of U.S. home energy use Pie chart of energy consumption in homes by end uses Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Residential...

482

Development of Energy Consumption Database Management System of Existing Large Public Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The statistic data of energy consumption are the base of analyzing energy consumption. The scientific management method of energy consumption data and the development of database management system plays an important role in building energy...

Li, Y.; Zhang, J.; Sun, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Associations between Beer, Wine, and Liquor Consumption and Lung Cancer Risk: A Meta-analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...particularly risk at high consumption levels. (Cancer...cancer deaths in the world. Although tobacco...Alcoholic beverage consumption has been established...adjusted for total energy intake and consumption of fruits and vegetables...

Chun Chao

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Extent of Alcohol Consumption among Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer: The British Childhood Cancer Survivor Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...4). Alcohol consumption could exacerbate...6). Alcohol consumption has been investigated...brew or make at home? Current alcohol...estimate their average weekly consumption in units (1 unit...health, pain, and energy/vitality. Using...

Clare Frobisher; Emma R. Lancashire; Raoul C. Reulen; David L. Winter; Michael C.G. Stevens; and Michael M. Hawkins

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Energy consumption and related CO2 emissions in five Latin American countries: Changes from 1990 to 2006 and perspectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the primary energy consumption and energy-related CO2 emissions in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela during the period 1990–2006. It also reviews important reforms in the energy sector of these countries as well as the promotion of energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy sources (RES). Using a decomposition analysis, results indicate that even though significant reductions in energy intensity have been achieved in Colombia, Mexico and in a lesser extent in Brazil and Argentina, the reduction of CO2 emissions in these countries has not been significant due to an increased dependence on fossil fuels in their energy mix. Although the Latin American region has an important experience in the promotion of EE programs and renewable sources, the energy agenda of the examined countries focused mostly on the energy reforms during the analyzed period. The policy review suggests that further governmental support and strong public policies towards a more sustainable energy path are required to encourage a low carbon future in the region.

Claudia Sheinbaum; Belizza J. Ruíz; Leticia Ozawa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

STRUCTURE ORIGIN OF THE ENHANCED THERMOELECTRIC POWER Today approximately 60% of the energy consumption in the US is lost, mostly through waste  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption in the US is lost, mostly through waste heat. Development on thermoelectric technologySTRUCTURE ORIGIN OF THE ENHANCED THERMOELECTRIC POWER Today approximately 60% of the energy to significant energy savings. Many recent advances in thermoelectric materials are attributed to nanoscale

Homes, Christopher C.

487

China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Choices, and Energy Consumption. Praeger Publishers,The decomposition effect of energy consumption in China'sThe challenge of reducing energy consumption of the Top-1000

Ke, Jing

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Understanding Socio-Economic Driving Factors of Indonesian Households Electricity Consumption in Two Urban Areas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Indonesia is one of the most diverse countries in the world in terms of its society. Therefore, there are several different characteristics in daily practices, including in consuming electricity. In order to unde...

Muhammad Ery Wijaya; Tetsuo Tezuka

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

US SoAtl VA Site Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

SoAtl VA SoAtl VA Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US SoAtl VA Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 4,000 8,000 12,000 16,000 US SoAtl VA Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $300 $600 $900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 US SoAtl VA Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Virginia households consume an average of 86 million Btu per year, about 4% less than the U.S. average. * Average electricity consumption and costs are higher for Virginia households than the national average, but similar to those in neighboring states where electricity is the most common heating fuel. * Virginia homes are typically newer and larger than homes in other parts of the country. CONSUMPTION BY END USE

490

US Mnt(S) AZ Site Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Mnt(S) AZ Mnt(S) AZ Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US Mnt(S) AZ Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 3,000 6,000 9,000 12,000 15,000 US Mnt(S) AZ Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 US Mnt(S) AZ Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Arizona households use 66 million Btu of energy per home, 26% less than the U.S. average. * The combination of lower than average site consumption of all energy, but above average electricity which is relatively expensive, results in Arizona households spending 3% less for energy than the U.S. average. * More reliance on air conditioning keeps average site electricity consumption in the state high relative to other parts of the U.S.

491

US SoAtl VA Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

SoAtl VA SoAtl VA Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US SoAtl VA Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 4,000 8,000 12,000 16,000 US SoAtl VA Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $300 $600 $900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 US SoAtl VA Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Virginia households consume an average of 86 million Btu per year, about 4% less than the U.S. average. * Average electricity consumption and costs are higher for Virginia households than the national average, but similar to those in neighboring states where electricity is the most common heating fuel. * Virginia homes are typically newer and larger than homes in other parts of the country. CONSUMPTION BY END USE

492

State energy data report 1996: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the Combined State Energy Data System (CSEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining CSEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. CSEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models. To the degree possible, energy consumption has been assigned to five sectors: residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility sectors. Fuels covered are coal, natural gas, petroleum, nuclear electric power, hydroelectric power, biomass, and other, defined as electric power generated from geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, and solar thermal energy. 322 tabs.

NONE

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

US Mnt(S) AZ Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mnt(S) AZ Mnt(S) AZ Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US Mnt(S) AZ Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 3,000 6,000 9,000 12,000 15,000 US Mnt(S) AZ Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 US Mnt(S) AZ Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Arizona households use 66 million Btu of energy per home, 26% less than the U.S. average. * The combination of lower than average site consumption of all energy, but above average electricity which is relatively expensive, results in Arizona households spending 3% less for energy than the U.S. average. * More reliance on air conditioning keeps average site electricity consumption in the state high relative to other parts of the U.S.

494

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy flows in the building electrical load tree. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .intrinsic property of energy load trees is additivity - thevisualization of energy flows in the load tree, as shown in

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Problems of attracting nuclear energy resources in order to provide economical and rational consumption of fossil fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Depletion of fossil fuels resources and the gradual increase in cost of their extraction and transportation to the places of their consumption put forward into a line of the most urgent tasks the problem of rational and economical utilization of fuel and energy resources, as well as introduction of new energy sources into various sectors of the national economy. The nuclear energy sources which are widely spread in power engineering have not yet been used to a proper extent in the sectors of industrial technologies and residentidal space heating, which are the most energy consuming sectors in the national economy. The most effective way of solving this problem can be the development and commercialization of high temperature nuclear reactors, as the majority of power consuming industrial processes and those involved in chemico-thermal systems of distant heat transmission demand the temperature of a heat carrier generated by nuclear reactors and assimilated by the above processes to be in the range from 900° to 1000°C.

E.K. Nazarov; A.T. Nikitin; N.N. Ponomarev-Stepnoy; A.N. Protsenko; A.Ya. Stolyarevskii; N.A. Doroshenko

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

ENERGY CONSUMPTION SURVEY  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 RESIDENTIAL TRANSPORTATION 5 RESIDENTIAL TRANSPORTATION ENERGY CONSUMPTION SURVEY Prepared for: UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION OFFICE OF ENERGY MARKETS AND END USE ENERGY END USE DIVISION RESIDENTIAL AND COMMERCIAL BRANCH WASHINGTON, DC 20585 Prepared by: THE ORKAND CORPORATION 8484 GEORGIA AVENUE SILVER SPRING, MD 20910 October 1986 Contract Number DE-AC01-84EI19658 TABLE OF CONTENTS FRONT MATTER Index to Program Descriptions........................................... vi List of Exhibits ....................................................... viii Acronyms and Abbreviations ............................................. ix SECTION 1: GENERAL INFORMATION ........................................ 1-1 1.1. Summary ....................................................... 1-1

497

Effects of Chronic Ethanol Consumption on Benzo(a)pyrene Metabolism and Glutathione S-Transferase Activities in Syrian Golden Hamster Cheek Pouch and Liver  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Deacetylation of histone H3 at lysine 9 with ethanol in human colonic epithelial cells Hyeran...observations have implicated chronic excess ethanol consumption as a risk factor for various...Recent epigenetic studies demonstrated that ethanol causes selective acetylation of histone...

Sharon E. Murphy and Stephen S. Hecht

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Effects of Chronic Ethanol Consumption on Benzo(a)pyrene Metabolism and Glutathione S-Transferase Activities in Syrian Golden Hamster Cheek Pouch and Liver  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ethanol. Both control and ethanol diets were essentially those...and 47%, respectively. Ethanol-consuming animals were allowed...a consumption of 28 kcal of energy per day per 100 g body weight...was similar in control and ethanol- consuming animals and typical...

Sharon E. Murphy and Stephen S. Hecht

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Residential Lighting End-Use Consumption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. DOE Residential Lighting End-Use Consumption Study aims to improve the understanding of lighting energy usage in U.S. residential dwellings using a regional estimation framework. The framework allows for the estimation of lamp usage and energy consumption 1) nationally and by region of the United States, 2) by certain household characteristics, 3) by location within the home, 4) by certain lamp characteristics, and 5) by certain categorical cross-classifications.

500

State energy data report 1994: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), operated by EIA. SEDS provides State energy consumption estimates to members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public, and provides the historical series needed for EIA`s energy models. Division is made for each energy type and end use sector. Nuclear electric power is included.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z