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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

New process modeling [sic], design, and control strategies for energy efficiency, high product quality, and improved productivity in the process industries. Final project report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project was concerned with the development of process design and control strategies for improving energy efficiency, product quality, and productivity in the process industries. In particular, (i) the resilient design and control of chemical reactors, and (ii) the operation of complex processing systems, was investigated. Specific topics studied included new process modeling procedures, nonlinear controller designs, and control strategies for multiunit integrated processes. Both fundamental and immediately applicable results were obtained. The new design and operation results from this project were incorporated into computer-aided design software and disseminated to industry. The principles and design procedures have found their way into industrial practice.

Ray, W. Harmon

2002-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

2

Improving Stormwater Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it alters what and how stormwater flows in each watershed. Construction activities inherent to urbanization replace natural groundcover with impervious surfaces such as buildings, roads, and parking lots that do not allow rainfall to penetrate the soil... Stormwater QualityStory by Raul L. Garcia tx H2O | pg. 18 The City of Houston, Harris County, theHarris County Flood Control District and the Texas Department of Transportation have teamed up through a Joint Task Force (JTF) to address Houston...

Garcia, Raul

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

2012 Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

2 Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan 2012 Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan This Project Plan is jointly developed by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of...

4

Improving Regional Air Quality with Wind Power  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Improving Regional Air Quality with Improving Regional Air Quality with Wind Power National Renewable Energy Laboratory Improving Regional Air Quality with Wind Power National Renewable Energy Laboratory * Clean Air Act (CAA) framework * Air quality challenges * CAA policies as market drivers * Met. Wash. Council of Governments (MWCOG) case study * Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidance on State Implementation Plan (SIP) credit for EERE * Model SIP documentation for wind purchases * Related marketing innovations Overview Overview * CAA requires regional air quality plans (SIPs) * "Window of opportunity" - Revised SIPs required by 2006/2007 to meet new 8-hour ozone and PM standards - August 2004 EPA guidance and NREL model SIP documentation for wind purchases Clean Air Act Framework Clean Air Act Framework

5

Environmental Quality Improvement Act of 1970  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 1970* QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 1970* SHORT TITLE This title may be cited as the "Environmental Quality Improvement Act of 1970" Sec. 4371. Congressional findings, declarations, and purposes (a) The Congress finds - (1) that man has caused changes in the environment; (2) that many of these changes may affect the relationship between man and his environment; and (3) that population increases and urban concentration contribute directly to pollution and the degradation of our environment. (b)(1)The Congress declares that there is a national policy for the environment which provides for the enhancement of environmental quality. This policy is evidenced by statutes heretofore enacted relating to the prevention, abatement, and control of environmental pollution, water and land resources, transportation, and economic and

6

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Air Quality Improvement Program Funding -  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Air Quality Air Quality Improvement Program Funding - Ventura County to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Air Quality Improvement Program Funding - Ventura County on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Air Quality Improvement Program Funding - Ventura County on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Air Quality Improvement Program Funding - Ventura County on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Air Quality Improvement Program Funding - Ventura County on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Air Quality Improvement Program Funding - Ventura County on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Air Quality Improvement Program Funding - Ventura County on AddThis.com... More in this section...

7

Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Improving Biodiesel and Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines Advanced Combustion Engines

8

USHER: Improving Data Quality with Dynamic Forms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract — Data quality is a critical problem in modern databases. Data entry forms present the first and arguably best opportunity for detecting and mitigating errors, but there has been little research into automatic methods for improving data quality at entry time. In this paper, we propose USHER, an endto-end system for form design, entry, and data quality assurance. Using previous form submissions, USHER learns a probabilistic model over the questions of the form. USHER then applies this model at every step of the data entry process to improve data quality. Before entry, it induces a form layout that captures the most important data values of a form instance as quickly as possible. During entry, it dynamically adapts the form to the values being entered, and enables real-time feedback to guide the data enterer toward their intended values. After entry, it re-asks questions that it deems likely to have been entered incorrectly. We evaluate all three components of USHER using two real-world data sets. Our results demonstrate that each component has the potential to improve data quality considerably, at a reduced cost when compared to current practice. I.

Kuang Chen; Harr Chen; Neil Conway; Joseph M. Hellerstein; Tapan S. Parikh

9

Advanced Manufacturing Initiative Improves Turbine Blade Productivity...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Advanced Manufacturing Initiative Improves Turbine Blade Productivity Advanced Manufacturing Initiative Improves Turbine Blade Productivity May 20, 2011 - 2:56pm Addthis This is an...

10

2012 Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE HQ/EFCOG Project Plan Rev. 0 DOE HQ/EFCOG Project Plan Rev. 0 2 Office of Environmental Management and Energy Facility Contractors Group 2012 Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan Introduction: This Project Plan is jointly developed by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) and the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG), to provide execution support to the EM Quality Assurance (QA) Corporate Board. The Board serves a vital and critical role in ensuring that the EM mission is completed safely, correctly, and efficiently. The joint EM-EFCOG approach to enhancing QA signifies the inherent commitment to partnership and collaboration that is required between the contractor community and DOE to proactively improve performance of the EM mission and projects. This mandate is more

11

2010 Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HQ/EFCOG Project Plan HQ/EFCOG Project Plan 2 Office of Environmental Management and Energy Facility Contractors Group 2010 Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan Introduction: This Project Plan is jointly developed by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) and the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG), to provide execution support to the EM Quality Assurance (QA) Corporate Board. The Board serves a vital and critical role in ensuring that the EM mission is completed safely, correctly, and efficiently. The joint EM-EFCOG approach to enhancing QA signifies the inherent commitment to partnership and collaboration that is required between the contractor community and DOE to proactively improve performance of the EM mission and projects. This mandate is more

12

Systems Design and Applications Branch (SDAB) Hayden Menzel ( Prins) Key Advanced Satellite Products Branch (ASPB) Timothy J. Schmit validating and improving GOES (Imager & Sounder) products -GOES calibration and quality control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. White} {Richard A. Frank} {John V. Byrne} {Anthony J. Calio} {William Evans} {John A. Knauss} {D. James calibration and quality control - developing prototypes for future GOES products - GOES-R - promoting future of Research and Applications (ORA) {Harold Yates} { P. K. Rao} {James F. W. Purdom, Jr } {Marie C. Colton

Kuligowski, Bob

13

Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels’ Quality  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE's Vehicle Technologies Office is working with industry to test biofuels samples and improve their quality and consistency over time.

14

Biospecimen Reporting for Improved Study Quality  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Human biospecimens are subjected to collection, processing, and storage that can significantly alter their molecular composition and consistency. These biospecimen preanalytical factors, in turn, influence experimental outcomes and the ability to reproduce scientific results. Currently, the extent and type of information specific to the biospecimen preanalytical conditions reported in scientific publications and regulatory submissions varies widely. To improve the quality of research that uses human tissues, it is crucial that information on the handling of biospecimens be reported in a thorough, accurate, and standardized manner. The Biospecimen Reporting for Improved Study Quality (BRISQ) recommendations outlined herein are intended to apply to any study in which human biospecimens are used. The purpose of reporting these details is to supply others, from researchers to regulators, with more consistent and standardized information to better evaluate, interpret, compare, and reproduce the experimental results. The BRISQ guidelines are proposed as an important and timely resource tool to strengthen communication and publications on biospecimen-related research and to help reassure patient contributors and the advocacy community that their contributions are valued and respected.

Moore, Ph.D., Helen M.; Kelly, Ph.D., Andrea B.; Jewell, Ph.D., Scott D.; McShane, Ph.D., Lisa M.; Clark, M.D., Douglas P.; Greenspan, M.D., Renata; Hayes, M.D., Daniel F.; Hainaut, Ph.D., Pierre; Kim, Paula; Mansfield, Ph.D., Elizabeth A.; Potapova, Ph.D., Olga; Riegman, Ph.D., Peter; Rubinstein, Ph.D., Yaffa; Seijo, M.S., Edward; Somiari, Ph.D., Stella; Chir., B; Weier, Ph.D., Heinz-Ulrich; Zhu, Ph.D., Claire; Vaught, Ph.D., Jim; Watson,M.B., Peter

2010-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

15

Biospecimen Reporting for Improved Study Quality (BRISQ)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Human biospecimens are subjected to collection, processing, and storage that can significantly alter their molecular composition and consistency. These biospecimen preanalytical factors, in turn, influence experimental outcomes and the ability to reproduce scientific results. Currently, the extent and type of information specific to the biospecimen preanalytical conditions reported in scientific publications and regulatory submissions varies widely. To improve the quality of research that uses human tissues, it is crucial that information on the handling of biospecimens be reported in a thorough, accurate, and standardized manner. The Biospecimen Reporting for Improved Study Quality (BRISQ) recommendations outlined herein are intended to apply to any study in which human biospecimens are used. The purpose of reporting these details is to supply others, from researchers to regulators, with more consistent and standardized information to better evaluate, interpret, compare, and reproduce the experimental results. The BRISQ guidelines are proposed as an important and timely resource tool to strengthen communication and publications on biospecimen-related research and to help reassure patient contributors and the advocacy community that their contributions are valued and respected.

National Cancer Institute; Jewell, Ph.D., Scott D.; Seijo, M.S., Edward; Kelly, Ph.D., Andrea; Somiari, Ph.D., Stella; B.Chir., M.B.; McShane, Ph.D., Lisa M.; Clark, M.D., Douglas; Greenspan, M.D., Renata; Hayes, M.D., Daniel F.; Hainaut, Ph.D., M.S., Pierre; Kim, Paula; Mansfield, Ph.D., Elizabeth; Potapova, Ph.D., Olga; Riegman, Ph.D., Peter; Rubinstein, Ph.D., Yaffa; Weier, Ph.D., Heinz-Ulrich; Zhu, Ph.D., Claire; Moore, Ph.D., Helen M.; Vaught, Ph.D., Jim; Watson, Peter

2010-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

16

Linking Cyclicality and Product Quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines the impact of architectural decisions on the level of defects in a product. We view products as collections of components linked together to work as an integrated whole. Previous work has established modularity how decoupled ... Keywords: cycles, defects, iterative problem solving, modularity, product architecture

Manuel E. Sosa; Jürgen Mihm; Tyson R. Browning

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Diesel fuel quality is improving in most European countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Associated Octel Co. Ltd. has surveyed the quality of 96 European winter-grade fuels, collected between November 1991 and February 1992. With the continuing interest in exhaust emissions, the trend toward lower sulfur and higher cetane quality has been maintained in most regions. Concerns about the reliability of the cold filter plugging point (CFPP) test as a measure of low-temperature operability are reflected in closer control of fuel cloud point. Octel reported great differences in fuel stability, corrosion, and foaming tendency of gas oil products within many marketing areas. Additive packages are widely used to improve these properties and reduce exhaust emissions. The article describes the changes in quality since Octel's last survey.

Not Available

1993-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

18

Air-Quality Improvement Tax Incentives | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Air-Quality Improvement Tax Incentives Air-Quality Improvement Tax Incentives Air-Quality Improvement Tax Incentives < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Solar Water Heating Wind Program Info State Ohio Program Type Other Incentive Provider Ohio Air Quality Development Authority The Ohio Air Quality Development Authority (OAQDA) provides assistance for new air quality projects in Ohio, for both small and large businesses. For qualifying projects, the OAQDA also projects tax benefits. For qualifying projects, the Ohio Air Quality Development Authority (OAQDA) can provide a 100 percent exemption from the tangible personal property tax

19

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Electric Ice Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality in Minnesota to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality in Minnesota on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality in Minnesota on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality in Minnesota on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality in Minnesota on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality in Minnesota on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality in Minnesota on AddThis.com... Sept. 14, 2013

20

Improving Conifer Timber Quality Steering Group Kershope Progeny Trial and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

along the stem. #12;20/07/2006 Improving Conifer Timber Quality Steering Group 11 Forest Operations20/07/2006 Improving Conifer Timber Quality Steering Group 1 Kershope Progeny Trial and Including Results in Sitka Spruce Timber Quality Model Barry Gardiner and Steve Lee Forest Research #12

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

AFFORESTATION FOR IMPROVING VALLEY URBAN AIR-QUALITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AFFORESTATION FOR IMPROVING VALLEY URBAN AIR-QUALITY Peter C Chu, Yuchun Chen*, and Shihua Lu), pollutant sources and sinks affect the air quality. Afforestation changes the mountain-valley local several heavy industrial factories) to improve the air-quality for the past two decades. Numerical model

Chu, Peter C.

22

Beyond Market Prices: Improving Productivity and Profitability of Small Farmers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beyond Market Prices: Improving Productivity and Profitability of Small Farmers Tapan S. Parikh of the poorest countries (WDR 2008) · Doing so more efficiently can reduce natural resource consumption - Quality Control, Certification and Marketing for Cooperatives · Avaaj Otalo - Farmer to Farmer Knowledge

Parikh, Tapan S.

23

Stanford University HRPP Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/13 Research Compliance Office STANFORD measures and improves, when necessary, compliance with organizational measures and improves, when necessary, the quality, effectiveness, and efficiency of the Human Research to assess compliance with organizational policies and procedures and applicable laws, regulations, codes

Puglisi, Joseph

24

The R. A. Fisher Memorial Lecture, 1988: Quality Improvement: An Expanding Domain for the Application of Scientific Method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and to the improvement of the quality of everyday life. The use...which can be used to improve quality in hospitals and other service...experimental design may be used by engineers and scientists to design products...employed to maximize a desirable quality characteristic, to minimize...

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

USHER: Improving data quality with dynamic forms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data quality is a critical problem in modern databases. Data entry forms present the first and arguably best opportunity for detecting and mitigating errors, but there has been little research into automatic methods for ...

Chen, Harr

26

Improving data quality with dynamic forms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Organizations in developing regions want to efficiently collect digital data, but standard data gathering practices from the developed world are often inappropriate. Traditional techniques for form design and data quality ...

Chen, Kuang

27

Energy Productivity Improvement in Petrochemical Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

planning economics, open loop computer control of multi-department energy variables, and closed loop computer optimization of plantwide energy variables. Results indicate a ten to fifteen percent energy productivity improvement can be expected....

Robinson, A. M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

2015 Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Project Plan is jointly developed by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) and the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG), to provide execution support to the EM Quality Assurance (QA) Corporate Board. The Board serves a vital and critical role in ensuring that the EM mission is completed safely, correctly, and efficiently.

29

2014 Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Project Plan is jointly developed by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) and the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG), to provide execution support to the EM Quality Assurance (QA) Corporate Board. The Board serves a vital and critical role in ensuring that the EM mission is completed safely, correctly, and efficiently.

30

How intense quality control improves hydraulic fracturing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Not unlike the subject of Forced Closure, Intense Quality Control is probably misnamed. What actually is discussed in this article is pilot testing of the fracturing fluids actually pumped at in-situ conditions of temperature and shear. Presented here is development of the need for onsite testing, equipment used, shear and viscosity curves from several jobs showing what went wrong that would otherwise not have been known, and a discussion of borate gel fluids.

Ely, J.W. [Ely and Associates, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

The Practitioner's Guide to Data Quality Improvement, 1st edition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Business problems are directly related to missed data quality expectations. Flawed information production processes introduce risks preventing the successful achievement of critical business objectives. However, these flaws are mitigated through data ...

David Loshin

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Powerplant productivity improvements and regulatory incentives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to examine the benefits to be gained from increased powerplant productivity and to validate and demonstrate the use of incentives within the regulatory process to promote the improvement of powerplant productivity. The system-wide costs savings to be gained from given productivity improvement scenarios are estimated in both the short and long term. Numerous reports and studies exist which indicate that productivity improvements at the powerplant level are feasible and cost effective. The efforts of this study widen this focus and relate system-wide productivity improvements with system-wide cost savings. The initial thrust of the regulatory section of this study is to validate the existence of reasonable incentive procedures which would enable regulatory agencies to better motivate electric utilities to improve productivity on both the powerplant and system levels. The voluntary incentive format developed in this study was designed to facilitate the link between profit and efficiency which is typically not clear in most regulated market environments. It is concluded that at the present time, many electric utilities in this country could significantly increase the productivity of their base load units, and the adoption of an incentive program of the general type recommended in this study would add to rate of return regulation the needed financial incentives to enable utilities to make such improvements without losing long-run profit. In light of the upcoming oil import target levels and mandatory cutbacks of oil and gas as boiler fuels for electric utilities, the use of incentive programs to encourage more efficient utilization of coal and nuclear base load capacity will become far more inviting over the next two decades.

Hardy, D; Brown, D

1980-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

33

Software Quality Assurance Improvment Plan: ALOHA Gap Analysis, Final Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Final-ALOHA Final-ALOHA Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 2002-1 Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan Commitment 4.2.1.3: Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan: ALOHA Gap Analysis Final Report U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environment, Safety and Health 1000 Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, DC 20585-2040 May 2004 ALOHA Gap Analysis May 2004 Final Report INTENTIONALLY BLANK ii ALOHA Gap Analysis May 2004 Final Report FOREWORD This report documents the outcome of an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) attributes of the chemical source term and atmospheric dispersion computer code, ALOHA 5.2.3, relative to established

34

Berkeley Lab Checkpoint Restart Improves Productivity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Checkpoint Restart Improves Productivity Checkpoint Restart Improves Productivity Berkeley Lab Checkpoint Restart Improves Productivity March 30, 2009 franklin-16b.jpg FRANKLIN is NERSC's Cray XT4 massively parallel processing system with 38,128 Opteron compute cores and a peak performance of 356 TFlops. A combustion researcher may run a huge simulation of a laboratory-scale flame experiment on a supercomputer to better understand the turbulence-chemistry interactions that affect fuel efficiency. But if the system crashes, then all the data from the run is lost and the user has no choice but to start over. The new version Berkeley Lab Checkpoint Restart (BCLR) software, released in January 2009, could mean that scientists running extensive calculations will be able to recover from such a crash - if they are running on a

35

Globalisation effect of productivity and quality dimensions on capacity utilisation through multivariate confirmatory analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Traditional productivity dimensions such as output, effectiveness and rate of utilisation are not helpful for identifying the underlying problems and opportunities for productivity and quality improvement in a textile fabrication industry. More competition and drive for profits are forcing companies to implementation of theory of constraints (TOC), total productive maintenance (TPM) and quality function deployment (QFD) have led to significant productivity improvements individual equipment particularly textile fabric industry. Keeping and viewing all declining productivity and quality dimensional aspects in mind, this paper presents logical and well structured robust framework and results were wrapped up after implementing framework in various industries. Data were received examined and analysed from various experts, field specialist and engineer for productivity and quality dimensions (PQD). An empirical analysis is used and determined fuzzy RPN on PQDs. The proposed methodology has been implemented in textile industry and results are wrapped out.

Annamalai Sivakumar; Kalliannan Saravanan; Palanisamy Navaneethakrishnan; Rathanasamy Raja Sekar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Two Perspectives on Data Quality Geographic Knowledge Production Through GIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two Perspectives on Data Quality Geographic Knowledge Production Through GIS: Towards a Model Report 92-12 December 1992 #12;Geographic Knowledge Production Through GIS: Towards a Model for Quality through GIS: Towards a model for quality monitoring. HELEN COUCLELIS Department of Geography University

California at Santa Barbara, University of

37

Improving the Execution and Influence of a Quality Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric, Boeing, and Sony. Each had initial product failures, but went on to build successful companies over time. For National Conduit’s Quality team, this means not focusing on a successful, single project. The Quality team needs to develop.... Collins does not see this as a single point in time for the organization, but rather likens such change to the slow and consistent buildup of a flywheel.25 The Quality team must continue to analyze itself and build up its successes. 21 Marash looks...

Heery, John J. Jr.

2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

38

Project Hanford management contract quality improvement project management plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On July 13, 1998, the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL) Manager transmitted a letter to Fluor Daniel Hanford, Inc. (FDH) describing several DOE-RL identified failed opportunities for FDH to improve the Quality Assurance (QA) Program and its implementation. In addition, DOE-RL identified specific Quality Program performance deficiencies. FDH was requested to establish a periodic reporting mechanism for the corrective action program. In a July 17, 1998 response to DOE-RL, FDH agreed with the DOE concerns and committed to perform a comprehensive review of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC) QA Program during July and August, 1998. As a result, the Project Hanford Management Contract Quality Improvement Plan (QIP) (FDH-3508) was issued on October 21, 1998. The plan identified corrective actions based upon the results of an in-depth Quality Program Assessment. Immediately following the scheduled October 22, 1998, DOE Office of Enforcement and Investigation (EH-10) Enforcement Conference, FDH initiated efforts to effectively implement the QIP corrective actions. A Quality Improvement Project (QI Project) leadership team was assembled to prepare a Project Management Plan for this project. The management plan was specifically designed to engage a core team and the support of representatives from FDH and the major subcontractors (MSCs) to implement the QIP initiatives; identify, correct, and provide feedback as to the root cause for deficiency; and close out the corrective actions. The QI Project will manage and communicate progress of the process.

ADAMS, D.E.

1999-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

39

Improving Conifer Timber Quality Steering Group Northern Research Station, Roslin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ltd Steve Lee - Forest Research, Conifer Breeding Programme John Morgan - Forest Enterprise, Plant: · provide strategic direction and integration of purpose to the Forest Research programmes (in conifer1 Improving Conifer Timber Quality Steering Group Northern Research Station, Roslin Monday 21

40

Transformer Thermal Modeling: Improving Reliability Using Data Quality Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Transformer Thermal Modeling: Improving Reliability Using Data Quality Control Daniel J. Tylavsky--Eventually all large transformers will be dynamically loaded using models updated regularly from field measured data. Models obtained from measured data give more accurate results than models based on transformer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Software Quality Assurance Improvment Plan: CFAST Gap Analysis, Final Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EH-4.2.1.3-CFAST-Gap Analysis EH-4.2.1.3-CFAST-Gap Analysis Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 2002-1 Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan Commitment 4.2.1.3: Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan: CFAST Gap Analysis Final Report U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environment, Safety and Health 1000 Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, DC 20585-2040 May 2004 CFAST Gap Analysis May 2004 Final Report ii INTENTIONALLY BLANK CFAST Gap Analysis May 2004 Final Report iii FOREWORD This report documents the outcome of an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) attributes of the CFAST computer code for accident analysis applications, relative to established requirements. This evaluation, a "gap analysis," is performed to meet commitment 4.2.1.3 of the Department of Energy's

42

Accountability Measures — Using Measurement to Promote Quality Improvement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effectiveness to make improved outcomes likely). Organizations that wish to improve their performance record may be tempted to create clever discharge-instruction forms with just the right check-boxes and printed information summaries to satisfy the chart reviewers' rules concerning compliance with the... The authors argue that quality measures in health care should be based on strong evidence that a care process directly improves outcomes, should capture the actual performance of a process, should address a process proximate to the desired outcome, and should not have unintended adverse consequences.

Chassin M.R.Loeb J.M.Schmaltz S.P.Wachter R.M.

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

43

A patent quality analysis for innovative technology and product development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Enterprises evaluate intellectual property rights and the quality of patent documents in order to develop innovative products and discover state-of-the-art technology trends. The product technologies covered by patent claims are protected by law, and ... Keywords: Back-propagation neural network, Patent indicator, Patent quality, Principal component analysis

Amy J. C. Trappey; Charles V. Trappey; Chun-Yi Wu; Chi-Wei Lin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Improving Indoor Environmental Quality and Energy Performance of Modular  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Indoor Environmental Quality and Energy Performance of Modular Indoor Environmental Quality and Energy Performance of Modular Classroom HVAC Systems Title Improving Indoor Environmental Quality and Energy Performance of Modular Classroom HVAC Systems Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2005 Authors Apte, Michael G., Michael Spears, Chi-Ming Lai, and Derek G. Shendell Conference Name Proceedings of Sustainable Buildings 2005 Conference Pagination 1432-1437 Conference Location Tokyo, Japan, September 27-29, 2005 Abstract The factory-built relocatable classroom (RC) is a dominant force in the school facility construction industry in the United States (U.S.) and elsewhere. It is estimated that there are approximately 650,000 RCs currently occupied in the U.S., housing about 16 million students. RCs receive public attention due to complaints about poor indoor environmental quality (IEQ). Both measured data and anecdotal evidence in California have suggested excessive acoustical noise from heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment as a central factor leading to degraded IEQ. In the U.S., RCs are typically equipped with unitary exterior wall-mount HVAC systems, and interior acoustical noise due to structural and airborne transmission can reach levels of about 58dB(A) with compressor cycling, under unoccupied conditions. Due to these noise levels teachers often simply choose to turn off the HVAC, leading to inadequate ventilation, as well as poor thermal conditioning, and thus to poor indoor air quality. Elevated levels of carbon dioxide and volatile organic compounds including formaldehyde are common. We discuss the acoustic component of our efforts to develop and test energy efficient HVAC systems that address the ventilation, controls, and acoustic requirements necessary to ensure high quality indoor environments in RCs

45

Production system improvement : floor area reduction and inventory optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis shows improvements of a medical device production system. The demand at the Medical Device Manufacturing Company (MDMC¹) is low for the occlusion system product and there is a need to introduce other production ...

Yang, Tianying, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Improving electron beam quality of the Boeing free electron laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The successful operation of any free electron laser (FEL) is critically dependent upon electron beam quality. In a radiofrequency (rf) accelerator the micropulse or instantaneous beam emittance and peak current is established by the injector, however, it is important to maintain this beam's quality as it is accelerated and transported to the wiggler. In the past year, work has continued to enhance the electron beam of the Boeing FEL. The previous year's improvements in levelling the gun charge during the macropulse and rf power flatness were reported in the 1989 FEL conference. More recent work has concentrated upon the rf master oscillator and electron beam transport, which have lead to reduced macropulse energy spread, as well as decreased position and angle jitter. Also some electron beam diagnostics have been upgraded. The result has been lower macropulse emittance at the entrance to the wiggler.

D.H. Dowell; M.L. Laucks; A.R. Lowrey; M. Bemes; A. Currie; P. Johnson; K. McCrary; J. Adamski; D.R. Shoffstall; A.H. Lumpkin; R.L. Tokar

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Improvement in fresh fruit and vegetable logistics quality: berry logistics field studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Articles 1003 168 Theme Issue Intelligent food logistics: decrease waste and improve quality by new technologies...Lang Improvement in fresh fruit and vegetable logistics quality: berry logistics field studies M. Cecilia do Nascimento Nunes...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

E-Print Network 3.0 - air quality improvement Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: for the project in order to effectively improve air quality. Including air pollution as a screening criterion... ... the improvements will be undertaken in a...

49

More wood of better quality: intensive silviculture with rapid-growth improved Eucalyptus spp. for pulpwood  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The early forests planted using Brazilian Eucalyptus seeds produced great variability in the volume of wood. In the specific case of E. saligna, there was an inability of the species to adapt itself to the local ecological system. It was obvious that new silvicultural techniques should be developed and also new species and provenances, capable of adapting to the region, should be identified. The objective was to improve wood volume yields as well as to produce a better pulp quality. The research and development work has been more successful than anticipated mainly because of the new technique of rooting cuttings developed by Aracruz, which allows propagation of vigorous parent trees, including hybrids. The production of improved seeds has also been developed. A good genetic base has been established to guarantee continuous improvement for production of seedlings to be used in routine plantations. The first results have already enabled good gains in volume, wood density, cellulose content and resistance to disease.

Campinhos, E. Jr.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Cities, Productivity, and Quality of Life  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the logarithm of per capita gross domestic product (GDP) and urbanization...a 61% increase in per capita GDP (4). Still...to drive on high-demand streets. One way to...emissions from home energy use and transportation...

Edward Glaeser

2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

51

Urban air quality improvement by using a CNG lean burn engine for city buses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of compressed natural gas (CNG)-fuelled lean-burn city bus engines has a significant potential for air quality improvement in urban areas. Particularly important is the reduction of NOx, as well as particulate and non-regulated HC-emissions. For this reason, a CNG-fuelled, lean-bum, turbocharged, intercooled engine equipped with catalytic converter was developed. The basic engine is a 6-cylinder, heavy duty, serial production Hungarian diesel engine which complies with Euro-2 emissions limits. The objective of this development was to meet European emission limits forecast for the year 2005 (NOx fuel consumption capability of the engine are reported. Based on the evaluation of economical feasibility, the costs of CNG bus operation is additionally discussed. It can be concluded that CNG city bus operation is - compared to diesel operation - a promising way to improve economically the local air quality.

Tamas Meretei; Joep A.N. van Ling; Cornelis Havenith

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Selection of NF membrane to improve quality of chemically treated surface water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The requirement for higher quality drinking water necessitates the application of more efficient water treatment techniques. Nanofiltration is one promising option for enhanced water treatment, for example, in enhanced organic matter removal. The characteristics of different nanofiltration membranes vary remarkably, and the selection of a membrane has to be made according to the requirements of an application. In this study six nanofiltration membranes (NF70, NF255, NTR-7450, NTR-7410, Desal-5 and TFC-S) were evaluated in improving the quality of chemically pre-treated surface water in a pilot-scale process. The results indicate that the membrane with high organics removal and slightly reduced ion removal characteristics (NF255) performed best in terms of product water quality as well as membrane productivity and fouling. The most permeable membrane (NTR-7410) suffered intensive fouling and insufficient product water quality. An interesting finding was that the permeates of all the tested membranes possessed a significant potential for microbial growth, despite the low nutrient contents.

Riina Liikanen; Ilkka Miettinen; Risto Laukkanen

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Gasification Product Improvement Facility (GPIF). Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gasifier selected for development under this contract is an innovative and patented hybrid technology which combines the best features of both fixed-bed and fluidized-bed types. PyGas{trademark}, meaning Pyrolysis Gasification, is well suited for integration into advanced power cycles such as IGCC. It is also well matched to hot gas clean-up technologies currently in development. Unlike other gasification technologies, PyGas can be designed into both large and small scale systems. It is expected that partial repowering with PyGas could be done at a cost of electricity of only 2.78 cents/kWh, more economical than natural gas repowering. It is extremely unfortunate that Government funding for such a noble cause is becoming reduced to the point where current contracts must be canceled. The Gasification Product Improvement Facility (GPIF) project was initiated to provide a test facility to support early commercialization of advanced fixed-bed coal gasification technology at a cost approaching $1,000 per kilowatt for electric power generation applications. The project was to include an innovative, advanced, air-blown, pressurized, fixed-bed, dry-bottom gasifier and a follow-on hot metal oxide gas desulfurization sub-system. To help defray the cost of testing materials, the facility was to be located at a nearby utility coal fired generating site. The patented PyGas{trademark} technology was selected via a competitive bidding process as the candidate which best fit overall DOE objectives. The paper describes the accomplishments to date.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Robust design as a driver of engine cylinder heads evolution : a framework for identifying product improvement paths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fundamental goal of Robust Design is to improve the quality of a product by minimizing the effects of variation. A key contributor to robustness over the long term is R&D. Therefore, a framework is desired to help ...

Gómez de la Mora, Luz de Lourdes

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Improving product availability in hospitals : the role of inventory inaccuracies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

All players in the healthcare industry face increasing public and political pressure to improve quality of care and control costs. Hospitals, on the frontline of this challenge, face nursing shortages and financial ...

Opolon, David C. (David Cyrille)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Improvement of 3P and 6R mechanical robots reliability and quality applying FMEA and QFD approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the past few years, extending usage of robotic systems has increased the importance of robot reliability and quality. To improve the robot reliability and quality by applying standard approaches such as Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) and Quality Function Deployment (QFD) during the design of robot is necessary. FMEA is a qualitative method which determines the critical failure modes in robot design. In this method Risk Priority Number is used to sort failures with respect to critical situation. Two examples of mechanical robots are analyzed by using this method and critical failure modes are determined for each robot. Corrective actions are proposed for critical items to modify robots reliability and reduce their risks. Finally by using QFD, quality of these robots is improved according to the customers’ requirements. In this method by making four matrixes, optimum values for all technical parameters are determined and the final product has the desired quality.

M.H. Korayem; A. Iravani

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Productivity Improvement of a Manual Assembly Line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or re-configuring an assembly system, which is the key step in improving the overall performance of an assembly line. Following this approach, two manual assembly line configurations (single stage parallel line and five-stage serial line...

Yerasi, Pranavi

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

58

Cotton production and water quality: Economic and environmental effects of pollution prevention. Agricultural economic report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cotton production, compared with other crops, is less likely to cause erosion-induced water-quality problems because cotton acreage is not the major source of erosion in most regions. For cotton production, the most widespread potential damages to water quality are nitrates from fertilizer polluting ground water and pesticides contaminating surface water. This damage could be reduced by restricting chemical and fertilizer use on all cotton production, but doing so could reduce cotton yields and raise cotton prices. The same level of water-quality improvement could be achieved at less cost by targeting the chemical use or erosion restrictions only to cotton farms with the most vulnerable soils. Data come from a 1989 USDA survey of cotton producers.

Crutchfield, S.R.; Ribaudo, M.O.; Hansen, L.T.; Quiroga, R.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Improving water use in crop production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and diseases through mechanical and agrochemical methods can achieve improved BWR, although...JUse of carbon and oxygen isotope composition and mineral ash content in breeding...Gessler, A2003Carbon and oxygen isotope composition of organic compounds in the phloem sap...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Catalytic microwave torrefaction and pyrolysis of Douglas fir pellet to improve biofuel quality .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The aims of this dissertation were to understand the effects of torrefaction as pretreatment on biomass pyrolysis and catalytic pyrolysis for improving biofuel quality, and… (more)

[No author

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Applying an analytical framework to production process improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the medium voltage switchgear industry moves from air insulated to gas insulated technology, Siemens Frankfurt factory is introducing a new gas insulated product line that will improve their relative market position. ...

Underwood, Curtis J. (Curtis James)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Air pollution kills. So what? Air quality engineering to improve public health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9/14/12 1 Air pollution kills. So what? Air quality engineering to improve public health;9/14/12 5 Health benefits from reducing PM2.5 "Each 10 µg m-3 elevation in fine particle air pollution;9/14/12 2 Air Quality Engineering H Air Quality Engineering H #12;9/14/12 3 Really? Air pollution

Levinson, David M.

63

Ensemble operational air quality assessments in Europe Improving modeling platforms with statistical analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ensemble operational air quality assessments in Europe ­ Improving modeling platforms. For regional air quality, seven regional modeling teams combine state-of-the-art atmospheric modeling the ensemble or a unique model. Keywords: Air quality, modeling system, ensemble approach, validation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

64

Measuring correlation of information quality dimensions using six sigma based product perspective.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This research investigates the issues of information quality assessment and management. It takes information as a product, and examines how different information quality dimensions impact… (more)

Lee, Sang Hyun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

V2G Technology for Designing Active Filter System to Improve Wind Power Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

V2G Technology for Designing Active Filter System to Improve Wind Power Quality F. R. Islam, H. R factor correction and harmonics current compensation. Index Terms--PHEVs, V2G, Wind Power, Battery Scheme to design active filter is proposed here to improve the quality of wind power output. Harmonics is one

Pota, Himanshu Roy

66

Environmental and genetic strategies to improve carotenoids and quality in watermelon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENTAL AND GENETIC STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE CAROTENOIDS AND QUALITY IN WATERMELON A Dissertation by HAE JEEN BANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2005 Major Subject: Horticulture ENVIRONMENTAL AND GENETIC STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE CAROTENOIDS AND QUALITY IN WATERMELON A Dissertation...

Bang, Hae Jeen

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

67

Effective Conveyor Belt Inspection for Improved Mining Productivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document details progress on the project entitled ''Effective Conveyor Belt Inspection for Improved Mining Productivity'' during the period from November 15, 2004 to May 14, 2004. Highlights include fabrication of an improved LED lightbar, fabrication of a line-scan sensor head for the Smart-Camera based prototype, and development of prototype vulcanized splice detection algorithms.

Chris Fromme

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Improved Product Energy Intensity Benchmarking Metrics for Thermally Concentrated Food Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Improved Product Energy Intensity Benchmarking Metrics for Thermally Concentrated Food Products ... Sogut, Z.; Ilten, N.; Oktay, Z.Energetic and exergetic performance evaluation of the quadruple-effect evaporator unit in tomato paste evaporation Energy 2010, 35, 3821– 3826 ...

Michael E. Walker; Craig S. Arnold; David J. Lettieri; Margot J. Hutchins; Eric Masanet

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

69

BIOTECHNOLOGY: WORKING WITH NATURE TO IMPROVE FOREST RESOURCES AND PRODUCTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIOTECHNOLOGY: WORKING WITH NATURE TO IMPROVE FOREST RESOURCES AND PRODUCTS Marguerite Sykes of biotechnology in the forest products industry is expanding beyond the pulp and paper industry. Applications. This paper provides an overview of recent publications in these new areas of biotechnology. INTRODUCTION

Abubakr, Said

70

RESEARCH ARTICLE A model for improving microbial biofuel production using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH ARTICLE A model for improving microbial biofuel production using a synthetic feedback loop be compared. We propose a model for microbial biofuel production where a synthetic control system is used to increase cell viability and biofuel yields. Although microbes can be engineered to produce biofuels

Dunlop, Mary

71

Qualities That Define a Well-Designed Product  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR Approved by: Research Advisor: Rodney Hill Director for Honors and Undergraduate Research: Sumana Datta April... 2011 Major: Environmental Design ABSTRACT Qualities that Define a Well-Designed Product. (April 2011) Marjorie Manning Pirics Department of Architecture Texas A&M University Research Advisor: Professor Rodney Hill Department...

Pirics, Marjorie

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

72

Improvement of the Protein Quality of Corn With Soybean Protein  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In most Central American countries, lime-treated corn provides 31% of the total protein and 45% of the energy intake, and beans 24% of the ... quality and quantity, as well as in energy. To overcome these deficie...

Ricardo Bressani; Luiz G. Elías…

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Standards, Guidance and Practices for Improved Data Quality  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the mid 1980s, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been involved with numerous projects to collect operational reactor data, develop data tools, and trend and analyze that data for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Because the data are used in subsequent risk analyses, the NRC must have confidence in the quality of the data delivered. The NRC tasked the INL to establish a comprehensive data quality assurance program. A key element of that effort was to establish a set of requirements based on industry and government standards, guidance and good practices. This paper discusses where these were found, the process of extracting the requirements and recommendations from the source materials, and the consolidation of them into a concise set of 22 standards, guidance and practices for technical data quality. While this set was created specifically for the data programs within the NRC’s Office of Research, they have broad application to many high-technology industries.

Martin B. Sattison

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

(Quality control and nondestructive test procedures for welded products)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Institute of Welding is composed of some 600 technical experts from 36 countries. These individuals are divided by talent and personal interest into fifteen separate groups called Commissions, each with its own charter and goals. The title, and by inference the charter, of Commission V is : Quality Control and Quality Assurance of Welded Products. In pursuit of its charter Commission V has several subcommissions engaged in the development of drafts, procedures, and standards. Those documents subsequently considered suitable may be submitted to the International Organization for Standards (ISO), an organization similar to the American Society for Testing Materials, for acceptance as international standards. All ISO Procedures and standards which have been in effect for five years must undergo review by the initiating body. The results from review of five-year-old standards and procedures and the discussion of other documents proposed for international publication are presented.

Childress, C.E.

1990-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

75

Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

For biofuels to succeed in the marketplace, they must be easy to use with a minimum of problems. The Vehicle Technologies Office has collaborated with industry to test biofuel samples and improve...

76

Improve SMT quality with automatically extracted paraphrase rules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a novel approach to improve SMT via paraphrase rules which are automatically extracted from the bilingual training data. Without using extra paraphrase resources, we acquire the rules by comparing the source side of the parallel corpus with ...

Wei He; Hua Wu; Haifeng Wang; Ting Liu

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Improving the Quality of Texas Beef In the early 1990s, the National Beef Quality Audit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of cattle. Analysis of responses representing 98,000 head of cattle indicated a potential increase in net and quantified the quality defects that hurt consumer confidence and led to reduced demand and sales for all beef economic uncertainty. Extension's Response Created in 1993 as a result of the National Beef Quality Audit

78

Improved Vacuum Frying Process for High Quality Sweet Potato Chips  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to high temperature processing. However, in vacuum frying the product should be pre-treated before frying to obtain a better texture. The kinetics of oil absorption and oil distribution in sweet potato chips (total, internal, and surface oil content...

Ravli, Yagmur 1985-

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

79

V2G Technology to Improve Wind Power Quality and Stability F. R. Islam and H. R. Pota  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

V2G Technology to Improve Wind Power Quality and Stability F. R. Islam and H. R. Pota Abstract an implementation of V2G technology is proposed here to improve the quality and stability of wind power output

Pota, Himanshu Roy

80

Demand Side Management using VOLTAGE / DISTRIBUTION OPTIMIZATION Quality improvement & Peak reduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to improve the quality of the electrical energy delivered at consumer households a Voltage Optimization Device (VOD) is introduced in each household. This device controls the output voltage accurately at...

N. H. M. Hofmeester; C. J. van de Water

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

NMS 74-6 Environmental Improvement of Water Quality | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NMS 74-6 Environmental Improvement of Water Quality Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: NMS 74-6 Environmental...

82

Improvement in fresh fruit and vegetable logistics quality: berry logistics field studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...environment compiled and edited by Paul Tucker and James DeBonis Improvement in fresh fruit and vegetable logistics quality: berry logistics field studies M. Cecilia do Nascimento Nunes 1 Mike Nicometo 3 Jean Pierre Emond 4 Ricardo Badia Melis...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Improved Quality Control Processing of Peptide-centric LC-MS...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

statistically extreme LC-MS runs. Citation: Matzke MM, KM Waters, TO Metz, JM Jacobs, A Sims, R Baric, JG Pounds, and BJM Webb-Robertson.2011."Improved Quality Control Processing...

84

Approaches to Demonstrating Bankability and Differentiating Product Quality (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the PV Industry has matured, there is increasing interest in quantifying higher quality so that customers may select products that meet their needs, and investors are demanding high confidence before committing millions of dollars. The community is developing the knowledge and standard methods needed to address these. This talk will give an overview of new developments in the last year including descriptions and status of Qualification Plus (a test protocol that goes beyond the standard qualification tests), a PV-specific version of ISO 9001 (for increased confidence in manufacturing consistency), and the Regional Test Centers (where new products can be tested to quantify performance and durability in multiple climate zones.) Development of PV system-level certification will also be described.

Kurtz, S.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Payment Reform for Safety-Net Institutions — Improving Quality and Outcomes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the U.S. health care system today, many hospitals have the market power to raise the prices of their services without showing evidence of improvements in the quality of care. In an effort to realign incentives, health care reformers are now proposing to link provider payments to quality of care... Drs. C. Jason Wang, Kathleen Conroy, and Barry Zuckerman argue that safety-net institutions should be reimbursed more per patient under any pay-for-quality scheme that is implemented.

Wang C.J.Conroy K.N.Zuckerman B.

2009-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

86

Using metadata to improve spatial dataset quality during updates Christelle Pierkot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Using metadata to improve spatial dataset quality during updates Christelle Pierkot LIRMM, D and degrade the dataset's quality. Within this broad issue, we limit our scope to the updating of geographic their integration into different datasets. In this context, our objective is to propose solutions to allow coherent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

87

Improvement of Drinking Water Quality in Developing Countries: Microbial and Geogenic Contamination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improvement of Drinking Water Quality in Developing Countries: Microbial and Geogenic Contamination for chemical and micro- biological treatment of drinking water at the household scale. The course will cover in developing and emerging coun- tries, who wish to learn more about household drinking water quality

Wehrli, Bernhard

88

Modifying yolk fatty acid composition to improve the health quality of shell eggs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODIFYING YOLK FATTY ACID COMPOSITION TO IMPROVE THE HEALTH QUALITY OF SHELL EGGS A Thesis by MARY ELIZABETH VAN ELSWYK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1990 Major Subject: Nutrition MODIFYING YOLK FATTY ACID COMPOSITION TO IMPROVE THE HEALTH QUALITY OF SHELL EGGS A Thesis by MARY ELIZABETH VAN ELSWYK Approved as to style and content by: Pamela S. Har s (Chair...

Van Elswyk, Mary Elizabeth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

89

Improving Photosynthesis for Hydrogen and Fuels Production January 24, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving Photosynthesis for Hydrogen and Fuels Production January 24, 2011 Webinar Q&A Q: How do you induce hypoxic photosynthesis? I imagine you N-stress, to accumulate starch first? A to bring photosynthesis to a level lower than that of respiration. Since then, a number of labs

90

Urban Air Quality Management: Detecting and Improving Indoor Ambient Air Quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Current air pollution management and air quality control are primarily focused on outdoor and ... which act as public spaces, contaminated indoor air could be public health hazards. In Singapore ... spend a subst...

T. L. Tan; Gissella B. Lebron

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Lowering administration complexity and improve quality of service  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

users to save documents easily into its security- rich library. Users can simply and quickly control Document Manager software integrates transparently with your employees' e-mail and desktop applications, and increases usability and productivity. Enable collaborative document management with integrated tools

92

Seymour Aquifer Water Quality Improvement Project Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

significant financial benefits. Another important finding was that soil storage rather than irrigation method was the dominant factor influencing leaching potential of a given area. This finding suggests that future implementation of BMPs should... be prioritized to areas with low soil storage capacity/ high leaching potential soils. Continued work is needed to improve conditions in the Seymour Aquifer. Educational programs on irrigation management and nutrient management are needed to encourage...

Sij, J.; Morgan, C.; Belew, M.; Jones, D.; Wagner, K.

93

Semicoke production and quality at Chinese vertical SJ furnaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Russia there has been little interest on the thermal processing of non-sintering coal. However it may be used to obtain many special types of coke and semicoke that are necessary for processes other than blast furnace smelting and employing small metallurgical coke fractions that do not meet the relevant quality requirements. China has recently made great progress in developing the thermal processing of coal (mainly energy coal) to obtain a highly effective product, semicoke, primarily used in metallurgy and adsorption process. The article considers the operation of a Chinese semicoking plant equipped with vertical SJ furnaces. The plant is in the Shenmu district of Shanxi province (Inner Mongolia). The enterprise includes two furnaces of total output of about 100,000 t/yr of semicoke.

V.M. Strakhov; I.V. Surovtseva; A.V. D'yachenko; V.M. Men'shenin [Kuznetsk Center, Eastern Coal-Chemistry Institute (Russian Federation)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

94

Potential Benefits from Improved Energy Efficiency of Key Electrical Products:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8254 8254 Potential Benefits from Improved Energy Efficiency of Key Electrical Products: The Case of India Michael McNeil, Maithili Iyer, Stephen Meyers, Virginie Letschert, James E. McMahon Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, CA December 2005 This work was supported by the International Copper Association through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. 2 ABSTRACT The goal of this project was to estimate the net benefits that cost-effective improvements in energy efficiency can bring to developing countries. The study focused on four major electrical products in the world's second largest developing country, India. These

95

Improved Productivity and Health from Better Indoor Environments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 Improved Productivity and Health from Better Indoor Environments Recently completed analyses suggest that improving buildings and indoor environments could reduce health-care costs and sick leave and increase worker performance, resulting in an estimated productivity gain of $30 to $150 billion annually. The research literature provides strong evidence that characteristics of buildings and their indoor environments influence the prevalence of several adverse health effects. These include communicable respiratory disease (e.g., common colds and influenza), allergy and asthma symptoms, and acute sick building syndrome (SBS) symptoms such as headaches, and irritation of the eyes, nose, throat, and skin. For example, in six studies, the number of respiratory illnesses in building occupants varied by a factor of 1.2 to

96

Improving best-phase image quality in cardiac CT by motion correction with MAM optimization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Research in image reconstruction for cardiac CT aims at using motion correction algorithms to improve the image quality of the coronary arteries. The key to those algorithms is motion estimation, which is currently based on 3-D/3-D registration to align the structures of interest in images acquired in multiple heart phases. The need for an extended scan data range covering several heart phases is critical in terms of radiation dose to the patient and limits the clinical potential of the method. Furthermore, literature reports only slight quality improvements of the motion corrected images when compared to the most quiet phase (best-phase) that was actually used for motion estimation. In this paper a motion estimation algorithm is proposed which does not require an extended scan range but works with a short scan data interval, and which markedly improves the best-phase image quality. Methods: Motion estimation is based on the definition of motion artifact metrics (MAM) to quantify motion artifacts in a 3-D reconstructed image volume. The authors use two different MAMs, entropy, and positivity. By adjusting the motion field parameters, the MAM of the resulting motion-compensated reconstruction is optimized using a gradient descent procedure. In this way motion artifacts are minimized. For a fast and practical implementation, only analytical methods are used for motion estimation and compensation. Both the MAM-optimization and a 3-D/3-D registration-based motion estimation algorithm were investigated by means of a computer-simulated vessel with a cardiac motion profile. Image quality was evaluated using normalized cross-correlation (NCC) with the ground truth template and root-mean-square deviation (RMSD). Four coronary CT angiography patient cases were reconstructed to evaluate the clinical performance of the proposed method. Results: For the MAM-approach, the best-phase image quality could be improved for all investigated heart phases, with a maximum improvement of the NCC value by 100% and of the RMSD value by 81%. The corresponding maximum improvements for the registration-based approach were 20% and 40%. In phases with very rapid motion the registration-based algorithm obtained better image quality, while the image quality of the MAM algorithm was superior in phases with less motion. The image quality improvement of the MAM optimization was visually confirmed for the different clinical cases. Conclusions: The proposed method allows a software-based best-phase image quality improvement in coronary CT angiography. A short scan data interval at the target heart phase is sufficient, no additional scan data in other cardiac phases are required. The algorithm is therefore directly applicable to any standard cardiac CT acquisition protocol.

Rohkohl, Christopher; Bruder, Herbert; Stierstorfer, Karl [Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Siemensstrasse 1, 91301 Forchheim (Germany); Flohr, Thomas [Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Siemensstrasse 1, 91301 Forchheim (Germany); Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, Eberhard Karls University, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

Thermodynamic limits to the quality of UCG product gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this work was to find the limits placed on the quality of UCG product gas by the energy and mass balances, including atom balances. If the outlet gas contains no O/sub 2/, there are only two independent variables. If these are chosen to be the mass fractions, X/sub CO/ and X/sub H/sub 2//, both the temperature of the outlet gas and the heat of combustion available by burning it are functions of these two variables only. The lines of constant temperature are parallel to the lines of constant heat of combustion, so it is clear that the available energy is partitioned between the sensible heat and the heat of combustion of the gas. The maximum heat available is set by the amount of oxygen in the inlet mixture; because the outlet temperature must exceed the minimum coal-surface temperature for burning, only heat losses within the system will generally reduce the heat of combustion. The maximum mass fractions of H/sub 2/ and CO in the product gas are limited by the impossibility of negative mass fractions of H/sub 2/O and CO/sub 2/. Additional limitations are imposed by the assumption of a minimum temperature. One of the two independent variables can be eliminated if the assumption of thermochemical equilibrium is valid. The product composition then lies on a single line in a phase plane of X/sub H/sub 2// vs X/sub CO/, and at a given outlet temperature the composition is fixed. Unfortunately, it appears that experimental values of X/sub H/sub 2// lie well above the equilibrium curve. Experimental data do indicate, however, that the system tends to operate near the minimum temperature to sustain the steam/char reaction on the coal surface, thus maximizing the heat of combustion of the outlet gas.

Creighton, J.

1982-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

98

Design of an interrelated quality system for a single product manufacturing process with assembly  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The design of a single product manufacturing system with assembly is considered. The processing is on a lot-by-lot basis with the lot size fixed. The decision variables include interrelated single sampling plans, manufacturing process quality levels, incoming raw material quality levels and assembly process quality levels. A solution procedure is given to minimize the expected total of the costs associated with the quality of the finished product subject to a limit on the Average Outgoing Quality Limit of the finished product. An example is provided.

Thomas W. Knowles; M.Zia Hassan

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Gasification improvement of a poor quality solid recovered fuel (SRF). Effect of using natural minerals and biomass wastes blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The need to produce energy from poor quality carbonaceous materials has increased, in order to reduce European dependency on imported fuels, diversify the use of new and alternative fuels and to guarantee secure energy production routes. The valorisation of a poor quality solid residual fuel (SRF), with high content of ash and volatile matter, through its conversion into fuel gas was studied. The rise of gasification temperature and equivalent ratio (ER) led to higher gas yields and to lower undesirable gaseous components, though higher ER values led to a gas with lower energetic content. To reduce the negative effect of SRF unfavourable characteristics and to diversify the feedstocks used, SRF blended with three different types of biomass wastes: forestry pine, almond shells and olive bagasse was co-gasified. The use of biomass wastes tested was valuable for SRF gasification, as there was an increase in the overall reactivity and in H2 production and a reduction of about 55% in tar released, without great changes in gas yield and in its HHV. The use of natural minerals mixed with silica sand was also studied with the aim of improving SRF gasification performance and fuel gas quality. The best results were obtained in presence of dolomite, as the lowest tar and H2S contents were obtained, while an increase in gas yield was observed. Co-gasification of this poor quality SRF blended with biomass wastes in presence of dolomite increased gas yield by 25% while tar contents decreased by 55%.

Filomena Pinto; Rui Neto André; Carlos Carolino; Miguel Miranda; Pedro Abelha; Daniel Direito; Nikos Perdikaris; Ioannis Boukis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

High Electric Demand Days: Clean Energy Strategies for Improving Air Quality  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation by Art Diem of the State and Local Capacity Building Branch in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency was part of the July 2008 Webcast sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program Clean Energy and Air Quality Integration Initiative that was titled Role of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in Improving Air Quality and Addressing Greenhouse Gas Reduction Goals on High Electric Demand Days.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Improving Indoor Air Quality Improves the Performance of Office Work and School Work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-10-15a Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 Definitions #0;? Performance: ability of an individual to perform different mentally and/or physically demanding tasks... Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 Performance vs productivity #0;? #0;? Effect on individual performance of reading: reduced by 10% Effect on overall productivity: reduced by only 5% if reading speed critical for 50...

Wargocki, P.

102

Use of Long Time-series ACRF Measurements to Improve Data Quality Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2, 2008 2, 2008 Eighteenth ARM Science Team Meeting 1 Use of Long Time-Series ACRF Measurements to Improve Data Quality Analysis Sean Moore Mission Research and Technical Services Santa Barbara, CA ARM Data Quality Office University of Oklahoma Norman, OK March 12, 2008 Eighteenth ARM Science Team Meeting 2 ARM Data Quality Office Full Time Staff *Ken Kehoe *Randy Peppler *Karen Sonntag *Justin Monroe Student Analysts *Nathan Hiers (Sr) *Stephen Mullens (Sr) *Kimberly Rabon (Jr) *Lacey Evans (Jr) ARM Data Quality Office, National Weather Center The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK Sean Moore Mission Research and Technical Services Santa Barbara, CA March 12, 2008 Eighteenth ARM Science Team Meeting 3 Daily Quality Checks * Automated software checks every measurement for outliers against some pre-defined limits.

103

Narrow-bandwidth operation and improved beam quality of a semiconductor broad area laser in an improved variable-length external cavity.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??We have devised an improved collimation system for a variable-length Littman-Metcalf external cavity diode laser (ECDL), which greatly improves the quality of a broad-area laser… (more)

Coons, Ryan William

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Integrated methodology for production related risk management of vehicle electronics (IMPROVE).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This scientific work is designated to provide an innovative and integrated conceptional approach to improve the assembly quality of automotive electronics. This is achieved by… (more)

Geis, Stefan Rafael

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

OPTIMAL PARAMETERS OF THE PHOTOCATHODE GUN SPACE CHARGE TO IMPROVE BEAM QUALITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPTIMAL PARAMETERS OF THE PHOTOCATHODE GUN SPACE CHARGE TO IMPROVE BEAM QUALITY M. Fedurin# , C National Laboratory (BNL ATF) operates with 5 MeV photocathode gun and 70 MeV linac for different range to the electron bunch in the gun with space charge affecting on the own bunch length and transverse profile

Brookhaven National Laboratory

106

TOXICITY OF SEDIMENTS As water quality has improved over the past three decades in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T TOXICITY OF SEDIMENTS Overview As water quality has improved over the past three decades in North America, diffuse sources of pollution such as storm- water runoff and sediments are now recognized as long-term, widespread pollutant sources to aquatic systems. Substantial impacts on the ecosystem from sediment

107

"Improving the quality of life through the mitigation and prevention of injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of pedestrian accidents using Madymo models and Optimization Techniques. Crash Investigations The Crash Injury trauma to ballistics and blast. Our unique skills allow us to examine and prevent injuries from"Improving the quality of life through the mitigation and prevention of injury made possible

Acton, Scott

108

How does renewable energy drive community economic development, improve air quality & contribute to healthy families & communities?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· How does renewable energy drive community economic development, improve air quality & contribute to healthy families & communities? · How does renewable energy revitalize agricultural communities, provide energy self-sufficiency & protect the environment? · How do renewable energy & sustainable food create

de Leon, Alex R.

109

New Study Finds Strong Carbon Pollution Standards Improve Air Quality, Environment, and Health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Study Finds Strong Carbon Pollution Standards Improve Air Quality, Environment, and Health, Co- benefits of Carbon Standards: Air Pollution Changes under Different 111d Options for Existing-by-state changes in harmful air pollution, it is the first study to quantify and map the co-benefits of power plant

Mohan, Chilukuri K.

110

Improving Soliton Compression Quality with Cascaded Nonlinearities by Engineered Multi-section Quasi-phase-matching Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In few-cycle soliton generation with large compression factors using cascaded nonlinearities the pulse quality can be improved by engineering quasi-phase-matching structures. The...

Zeng, Xianglong; Guo, Hairun; Zhou, Binbin; Bache, Morten

111

Giprokoks proposals for improvement in air quality at coke battery 1A of Radlin coke plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coke battery 1A, which uses rammed batch, has gone into production at Radlin coke plant (Poland), on the basis of Giprokoks designs. Up-to-date dust-trapping methods are used for the first time within the aspiration systems in the coal-preparation shop and in improving dust collection within the production buildings.

T.F. Trembach; A.G. Klimenko [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

112

Applying lean thinking to improve the production process of a traditional medium-size British manufacturing company  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A well-organised implementation of lean manufacturing strategy will lead to excellent operations system and continuous improvement through the removal of non-value-added activities. This case study uses value-stream-mapping to investigate non-value-added activities, simply show how lean manufacturing implementation can intelligibility result a framework of improvement. The implementation and improvements will be depicted in the area of lead time, cycle time and quality by applying lean concepts like circle-shape on production line, 5S and Kaizen team on the shop floor of a British medium-size company.

Salman Sigari; Robin Clark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Directed Evolution of a Cellodextrin Transporter for Improved Biofuel Production Under Anaerobic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Directed Evolution of a Cellodextrin Transporter for Improved Biofuel Production Under Anaerobic that anaerobic biofuel production could be significantly improved via directed evolution of a sugar transporter: cellodextrin transporter; cellobiose utilization; cellulosic biofuel; anaerobic fermentation; directed

Zhao, Huimin

114

Ceramic fabricator quality revolution: A case study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This case study discusses statistical process control and other quality tools in the application of continuous improvement and total quality management programs to a mature ceramic parts manufacturing operation that had been producing quality'' products for many years. By applying these tools, significant incremental improvements in process performance and product quality were achieved.

Martin, S.C. (Advanced Refractory Technologies, Inc., Buffalo, NY (United States))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

DNFSB 2002-1 Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan Commitment 4.2.1.2: Safety Quality Assurance Plan and Criteria for the Safety Analysis Toolbox Codes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2-Criteria 2-Criteria Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 2002-1 Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan Commitment 4.2.1.2: Software Quality Assurance Plan and Criteria for the Safety Analysis Toolbox Codes U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environment, Safety and Health 1000 Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, DC 20585-2040 November 2003 Software Quality Assurance Criteria for Safety Analysis Codes November 2003 INTENTIONALLY BLANK ii Software Quality Assurance Criteria for Safety Analysis Codes November 2003 FOREWORD This document discusses the Software Quality Assurance plan, and criteria and implementation procedures to be used to evaluate designated, safety-related computer software for the

116

Innovative applications of technology for nuclear power plant productivity improvements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nuclear power industry in several countries is concerned about the ability to maintain high plant performance levels due to aging and obsolescence, knowledge drain, fewer plant staff, and new requirements and commitments. Current plant operations are labor-intensive due to the vast number of operational and support activities required by commonly used technology in most plants. These concerns increase as plants extend their operating life. In addition, there is the goal to further improve performance while reducing human errors and increasingly focus on reducing operations and maintenance costs. New plants are expected to perform more productively than current plants. In order to achieve and increase high productivity, it is necessary to look at innovative applications of modern technologies and new concepts of operation. The Electric Power Research Inst. is exploring and demonstrating modern technologies that enable cost-effectively maintaining current performance levels and shifts to even higher performance levels, as well as provide tools for high performance in new plants. Several modern technologies being explored can provide multiple benefits for a wide range of applications. Examples of these technologies include simulation, visualization, automation, human cognitive engineering, and information and communications technologies. Some applications using modern technologies are described. (authors)

Naser, J. A. [Electric Power Research Inst., 3420 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94303 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Integrated quality and quantity modeling of a production line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction of quantity and quality performance in a factory is clearly of great economic importance. However, there is very little quantitative analytical literature in this area. This thesis is an essential early ...

Kim, Jongyoon, 1974-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Improvement in commercial scale dry mill corn ethanol production using controlled flow cavitation and cellulose hydrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During commercial-scale dry-mill ethanol production from corn, as much as 6 ... In this study, two methods to improve ethanol production during commercial-scale corn ethanol production were tested that release an...

David A. Ramirez-Cadavid; Oleg Kozyuk…

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Improving Regional Air Quality with Wind Energy; Wind Powering America Fact Sheet Series  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Powering America Fact Sheet Series Powering America Fact Sheet Series The Montgomery County, Maryland buying group purchases wind energy from the Mountaineer Wind Energy Center in West Virginia. This fact sheet provides an overview of how electricity generated from zero-emission wind energy can help states and municipalities improve air quality, achieve attainment of Clean Air Act standards, and reduce pollution control costs for taxpayers.

120

Improving Indoor Environmental Quality And Energy Performance Of Modular Classroom HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND ENERGY PERFORMANCE OFINDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND ENERGY PERFORMANCE OFEnergy efficiency and indoor environmental quality (IEQ) are

Apte, Michael G.; Spears, Michael; Lai, Chi-Ming; Shendell, Derek G.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Teamwork Plus Technology Equals Reduced Emissions, Reduced Energy Usage, and Improved Productivity for an Oil Production Facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Teamwork plus Technology Equals Reduced Emissions, Reduced Energy Usage, and Improved Productivity for an Oil Production Facility Garth Booker P Eng Extraction Energy Engineer Suncor Energy Company Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada ABSTRACT...Teamwork plus Technology Equals Reduced Emissions, Reduced Energy Usage, and Improved Productivity for an Oil Production Facility Garth Booker P Eng Extraction Energy Engineer Suncor Energy Company Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada ABSTRACT...

Booker, G.; Robinson, J.

122

Improving the quality of deteriorated recycle solvents. Quarterly report, August 1982-November 1982  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this work is to identify reasons for solvent degeneration and to determine a feasible mechanism whereby coal-liquefaction processes can be modified to inhibit solvent degradation during the liquefaction process. In this work, the response in product distribution (or oil yield) to different pre-treatment methods was investigated. In related past works, solvent quality was based solely on the amount of standard coal conversion. In this work, solvent quality was also determined with the use of a standard product separation procedure. A brief discussion of related past works is followed up by a discussion of current work in the area of upgrading deteriorated recycle solvents. The effect of solvent pre-treatment on quality during thermal (non-catalytic) and catalytic liquefaction of coal was examined, and a comparison was made. In addition, the effect of the presence of typical compounds found in coal liquids (e.g. pyrene), during solvent pre-treatment, on solvent quality was also investigated. 2 references, 3 figures, 5 tables.

Tarrer, A.R.; Guin, J.A.; Curtis, C.W.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Conceptual design report -- Gasification Product Improvement Facility (GPIF)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problems heretofore with coal gasification and IGCC concepts have been their high cost and historical poor performance of fixed-bed gasifiers, particularly on caking coals. The Gasification Product Improvement Facility (GPIF) project is being developed to solve these problems through the development of a novel coal gasification invention which incorporates pyrolysis (carbonization) with gasification (fixed-bed). It employs a pyrolyzer (carbonizer) to avoid sticky coal agglomeration caused in the conventional process of gradually heating coal through the 400 F to 900 F range. In so doing, the coal is rapidly heated sufficiently such that the coal tar exists in gaseous form rather than as a liquid. Gaseous tars are then thermally cracked prior to the completion of the gasification process. During the subsequent endothermic gasification reactions, volatilized alkali can become chemically bound to aluminosilicates in (or added to) the ash. To reduce NH{sub 3} and HCN from fuel born nitrogen, steam injection is minimized, and residual nitrogen compounds are partially chemically reduced in the cracking stage in the upper gasifier region. Assuming testing confirms successful deployment of all these integrated processes, future IGCC applications will be much simplified, require significantly less mechanical components, and will likely achieve the $1,000/kWe commercialized system cost goal of the GPIF project. This report describes the process and its operation, design of the plant and equipment, site requirements, and the cost and schedule. 23 refs., 45 figs., 23 tabs.

Sadowski, R.S.; Skinner, W.H.; House, L.S.; Duck, R.R. [CRS Sirrine Engineers, Inc., Greenville, SC (United States); Lisauskas, R.A.; Dixit, V.J. [Riley Stoker Corp., Worcester, MA (United States); Morgan, M.E.; Johnson, S.A. [PSI Technology Co., Andover, MA (United States). PowerServe Div.; Boni, A.A. [PSI-Environmental Instruments Corp., Andover, MA (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Effects of Biochar Recycling on Switchgrass Growth and Soil and Water Quality in Bioenergy Production Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intensive biomass production in emerging bioenergy systems could increase nonpoint-source sediment and nutrient losses and impair surface and groundwater quality. Recycling biochar, a charcoal byproduct from pyrolysis of biomass, provides potential...

Husmoen, Derek Howard

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

125

Gene Discovery and Product Development for Grain Quality Traits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Soybean seeds with altered ratios of seed storage proteins...a number of starches have been created...production in cereals such as wheat...altered ratios of seed storage proteins...a number of starches have been created...production in cereals such as wheat...

Barbara Mazur; Enno Krebbers; Scott Tingey

1999-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

126

The effect of various calcium and phosphorus levels on egg production and egg shell quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. ) (Pleiahc~) Angust 1980 ABSTRACT The Effect of Various Calcium and Phosphorus Levels on Egg Production and Egg Shell Quality. (August 1980) John Warren Bradley, Junior B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. C. R. Creger Two... experiments were conducted, using a commercial strain of White Leghorn laying hens, to determine the effect of feeding various dietary combinations of calcium and phosphorus on egg production and egg shell quality. Calcium carbonate in the form of oyster...

Bradley, John Warren

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

The mass production and quality control of RPCs for the Daya Bay Experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Resistive plate chambers will be used in the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment to help veto backgrounds created by cosmic-ray muons. The mass production of RPCs began in 2008 and by the end of 2009, 1600 RPCs (3500 m{sup 2}) had been produced and tested. This paper describes the production and quality control procedures, and quality assurance using cosmic-ray testing.

Hackenburg R.

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

128

Characterization of Product Quality Attributes and Thermal Properties of Potato Chips during Vacuum Frying  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHARACTERIZATION OF PRODUCT QUALITY ATTRIBUTES AND THERMAL PROPERTIES OF POTATO CHIPS DURING VACUUM FRYING A Thesis by CARLA VERONICA YAGUA OLIVARES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2010 Major Subject: Biological and Agricultural Engineering CHARACTERIZATION OF PRODUCT QUALITY ATTRIBUTES AND THERMAL PROPERTIES OF POTATO CHIPS DURING VACUUM FRYING...

Yagua Olivares, Carla Veronica

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

129

AISI/DOE Technology Roadmap Program: Improved Surface Quality of Exposed Automotive Sheet Steels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface quality of sheet steels is an important economic and technical issue for applications such as critical automotive surfaces. This project was therefore initiated to develop a more quantitative methodology for measuring surface imperfections, and to assess their response to forming and painting, particularly with respect to their visibility or invisibility after painting. The objectives were met, and included evaluation of a variety of imperfections present on commercial sheet surfaces or simulated using methods developed in the laboratory. The results are expected to have significant implications with respect to the methodology for assessing surface imperfections, development of quantitative criteria for surface inspection, and understanding and improving key painting process characteristics that influence the perceived quality of sheet steel surfaces.

John G. Speer; David K. Matlock; Noel Meyers; Young-Min Choi

2002-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

130

Implementing critical chain to improve product development performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project management is a crucial aspect of product development. There is a need for better project management tools to help product development teams meet their schedule, budget, and technical requirements more accurately ...

Weisheit, James E., 1971-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Productivity improvement in downstream EPC projects using value streams based organization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Productivity improvements in manufacturing facilities have been studied in detail and there are many standardized tools and frameworks readily available to the industry for implementation. However the concept of productivity ...

Raghunathan, Krishnan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Genetic improvement of native xylose-fermenting yeasts for ethanol production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lignocellulosic substrates are the largest source of fermentable sugars for bioconversion to fuel ethanol and other valuable compounds. To improve the ... product(s). While hexoses are fermented into ethanol and ...

Nicole K. Harner; Xin Wen; Paramjit K. Bajwa…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

On Teaching Quality Improvement of a Mathematical Topic Using Artificial Neural Networks Modeling (With a Case Study)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

431 On Teaching Quality Improvement of a Mathematical Topic Using Artificial Neural Networks inspired by simulation by Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) applied recently for evaluation of phonics performance. Keywords: Artificial Neural Networks, Learning Performance Evaluation, Computer Aided Learning

Spagnolo, Filippo

134

Altering Reservoir Wettability to Improve Production from Single Wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many carbonate reservoirs are naturally fractured and typically produce less than 10% original oil in place during primary recovery. Spontaneous imbibition has proven an important mechanism for oil recovery from fractured reservoirs, which are usually weak waterflood candidates. In some situations, chemical stimulation can promote imbibition of water to alter the reservoir wettability toward water-wetness such that oil is produced at an economic rate from the rock matrix into fractures. In this project, cores and fluids from five reservoirs were used in laboratory tests: the San Andres formation (Fuhrman Masho and Eagle Creek fields) in the Permian Basin of Texas and New Mexico; and the Interlake, Stony Mountain, and Red River formations from the Cedar Creek Anticline in Montana and South Dakota. Solutions of nonionic, anionic, and amphoteric surfactants with formation water were used to promote waterwetness. Some Fuhrman Masho cores soaked in surfactant solution had improved oil recovery up to 38%. Most Eagle Creek cores did not respond to any of the tested surfactants. Some Cedar Creek anticline cores had good response to two anionic surfactants (CD 128 and A246L). The results indicate that cores with higher permeability responded better to the surfactants. The increased recovery is mainly ascribed to increased water-wetness. It is suspected that rock mineralogy is also an important factor. The laboratory work generated three field tests of the surfactant soak process in the West Fuhrman Masho San Andres Unit. The flawlessly designed tests included mechanical well clean out, installation of new pumps, and daily well tests before and after the treatments. Treatments were designed using artificial intelligence (AI) correlations developed from 23 previous surfactant soak treatments. The treatments were conducted during the last quarter of 2006. One of the wells produced a marginal volume of incremental oil through October. It is interesting to note that the field tests were conducted in an area of the field that has not met production expectations. The dataset on the 23 Phosphoria well surfactant soaks was updated. An analysis of the oil decline curves indicted that 4.5 lb of chemical produced a barrel of incremental oil. The AI analysis supports the adage 'good wells are the best candidates.' The generally better performance of surfactant in the high permeability core laboratory tests supports this observation. AI correlations were developed to predict the response to water-frac stimulations in a tight San Andres reservoir. The correlations maybe useful in the design of Cedar Creek Anticline surfactant soak treatments planned for next year. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance scans of dolomite cores to measure porosity and saturation during the high temperature laboratory work were acquired. The scans could not be correlated with physical measurement using either conventional or AI methods.

W. W. Weiss

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

135

Production of high quality and low energy chemithermomechanical pulp  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemithermomechanical pulps (CTMP) were produced from Eastern black spruce chips in a two-stage pilot plant using different conditions of chemical pretreatment and refining intensity. The conventional CTMP was produced by impregnating chips with sulfite liquor at a pH of approximately 10 and the conducting the first-stage refining in a double disc refiner at 1,200 rpm. The distribution of specific energy and refining intensity was about the same in the two stages. The experiments showed that, by decreasing the impregnating liquor pH to approximately 4.5 and conducting the first-stage refining at a relatively low specific energy and high refining intensity (by operating the refiner at 1,800 rpm), an energy saving of up to 33% could be achieved without any adverse effect on the pulp quality.

Stationwala, M.I. (Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada, Pointe Claire, PQ (Canada))

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Surveillance and quality improvement in the United Kingdom: Is there a meeting point?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recent high profile failures within the National Health Service of England and Wales have highlighted the need for surveillance of quality and performance. Mortality is the most commonly used metric, assessed at the hospital or trust level. However overall mortality can mask where the failures lie and even if they exist. Continuous surveillance at a granular level is needed, especially in surgery where interventions need to be safe, reliable and efficacious but so does the coordination of care along the entire patient pathway with robust protocols and mechanisms in place to prevent ‘failure to rescue’ and to optimise patient outcomes. There is an expanding body of surveillance tools available for surgical practice and these are beginning to show merit. The Care Quality Commission, who monitor services, increasingly through ongoing surveillance as well as inspections, should work more closely with local quality improvement efforts and become a vector for care excellence, actively involved with spreading best practice throughout the entire NHS and not just for identifying the ‘bad apples’.

Alexander J. Fowler; Riaz A. Agha; Nick Sevdalis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Forward and inverse metabolic engineering strategies for improving polyhydroxybyrate production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forward metabolic engineering (FME) is a rational approach to cellular engineering, relying on an understanding of the entire metabolic network to direct perturbations for phenotype improvement. Conversely, inverse metabolic ...

Tyo, Keith E. J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Production system improvement : floor area reduction and cycle time analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A medical device company challenged a research team to reduce the manufacturing floor space required for an occlusion system product by one third. The team first cataloged equipment location and size, detailed the processes ...

Peterson, Jennifer J. (Jennifer Jeanne)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Improving energy efficiency in a pharmaceutical manufacturing environment -- production facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The manufacturing plant of a pharmaceutical company in Singapore had low energy efficiency in both its office buildings and production facilities. Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) system was identified to ...

Zhang, Endong, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Improvement of D-glucaric acid production in Escherichia coli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D-glucaric acid is a naturally occurring compound which has been explored for a plethora of potential uses, including biopolymer production, cancer and diabetes treatment, cholesterol reduction, and as a replacement for ...

Shiue, Eric Chun-Jen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Adaptation of Beef Cattle to Stressful Environments and Integrated Beef Systems for Production of Consistently Distinctive High-quality Beef  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptation of Beef Cattle to Stressful Environments and Integrated Beef Systems for Production. Integrated Beef Systems for the Production of Consistently Distinctive High-quality Beef Evaluation of system of system elements sensitive to product quality (e.g., genetics for adaptation, genetics characterizing

142

Altering Anode Thickness To Improve Power Production in Microbial Fuel Cells with Different Electrode Distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Altering Anode Thickness To Improve Power Production in Microbial Fuel Cells with Different ABSTRACT: A better understanding of how anode and separator physical properties affect power production the cathode can limit power production by bacteria on the anode when using closely spaced electrodes

143

Construction Productivity Improvement Presented by: Kasun Hewage (Ph.D. Student) and Sushil Peres Da Silva  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Construction Productivity Improvement Presented by: Kasun Hewage (Ph.D. Student) and Sushil Peres was conducted to identify the most critical factors that impact productivity with the participation of 51 factors. 2. A list of situations that impact productivity in construction sites and create unproductive

Calgary, University of

144

Serializability Improves Parallel Execution of Production System Jos'e Nelson Amaral \\Lambda Joydeep Ghosh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Serializability Improves Parallel Execution of Production System Jos'e Nelson Amaral \\Lambda 90619­900 ­ Porto Alegre, RS Austin, Texas 78712 Abstract This paper presents a new production system in hardware cost. 1 Introduction Attempts to speed up Production Systems (PS) date back to 1979 when Forgy

Amaral, José Nelson

145

Opportunities to improve oil productivity in unstructured deltaic reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains presentations presented at a technical symposium on oil production. Chapter 1 contains summaries of the presentations given at the Department of Energy (DOE)-sponsored symposium and key points of the discussions that followed. Chapter 2 characterizes the light oil resource from fluvial-dominated deltaic reservoirs in the Tertiary Oil Recovery Information System (TORIS). An analysis of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and advanced secondary recovery (ASR) potential for fluvial-dominated deltaic reservoirs based on recovery performance and economic modeling as well as the potential resource loss due to well abandonments is presented. Chapter 3 provides a summary of the general reservoir characteristics and properties within deltaic deposits. It is not exhaustive treatise, rather it is intended to provide some basic information about geologic, reservoir, and production characteristics of deltaic reservoirs, and the resulting recovery problems.

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Energy Assessment Helps Kaiser Aluminum Save Energy and Improve Productivity  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This case study describes how a DOE energy assessment at Kaiser Aluminum's extrusion plant in Sherman, Texas, identified significant potential energy savings in its process heating systems. Employees at the Sherman plant wasted no time moving forward with assessment recommendations. First, they adjusted burner controls on one of the main reverberatory melting furnaces to lower excess oxygen levels. They also made some repairs to the furnace’s door sill and jamb to prevent cold air from seeping into it. By implementing these measures the plant achieved annual energy savings of approximately 45,000 MMBtu and improved the furnace’s energy intensity by 11.1% between 2006 and 2007. With project costs of approximately $28,000 and energy cost savings of $360,000, the simple payback was under 1 month.

147

Pathway engineering to improve ethanol production by thermophilic bacteria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Continuation of a research project jointly funded by the NSF and DOE is proposed. The primary project goal is to develop and characterize strains of C. thermocellum and C. thermosaccharolyticum having ethanol selectivity similar to more convenient ethanol-producing organisms. An additional goal is to document the maximum concentration of ethanol that can be produced by thermophiles. These goals build on results from the previous project, including development of most of the genetic tools required for pathway engineering in the target organisms. As well, we demonstrated that the tolerance of C. thermosaccharolyticum to added ethanol is sufficiently high to allow practical utilization should similar tolerance to produced ethanol be demonstrated, and that inhibition by neutralizing agents may explain the limited concentrations of ethanol produced in studies to date. Task 1 involves optimization of electrotransformation, using either modified conditions or alternative plasmids to improve upon the low but reproducible transformation, frequencies we have obtained thus far.

Lynd, L.R.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

148

Analysis of internal and external energy flows associated with projected process improvements in biomass ethanol production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Possible improvements in biomass ethanol production are decribed involving heat-pumped distillation, ... anticipating some features of a technologically mature biomass ethanol process, as well as for comparing ethanol

Kevin Stone; Lee R. Lynd

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

NGS for the Masses: Empowering Biologists to Improve Bioinformatics Productivity ( 7th Annual SFAF Meeting, 2012)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Kashef Qaadri on "NGS for the Masses: Empowering biologists to improve bioinformatic productivity" at the 2012 Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future Meeting held June 5-7, 2012 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Qaadri, Kashef [Biomatters

2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

150

Factors controlling reservoir quality in tertiary sandstones and their significance to geopressured geothermal production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Variable intensity of diagenesis is the factor primarily responsible for contrasting regional reservoir quality of Tertiary sandstones from the upper and lower Texas coast. Detailed comparison of Frio sandstone from the Chocolate Bayou/Danbury Dome area, Brazoria County, and Vicksburg sandstones from the McAllen Ranch Field area, Hidalgo County, reveals that extent of diagenetic modification is most strongly influenced by (1) detrital mineralogy and (2) regional geothermal gradients. The regional reservoir quality of Frio sandstones from Brazoria County is far better than that characterizing Vicksburg sandstones from Hidalgo County, especially at depths suitable for geopressured geothermal energy production. However, in predicting reservoir quality on a site-specific basis, locally variable factors such as relative proportions for porosity types, pore geometry as related to permeability, and local depositional environment must also be considered. Even in an area of regionally favorable reservoir quality, such local factors can significantly affect reservoir quality and, hence, the geothermal production potential of a specific sandstone unit.

Loucks, R.G.; Richmann, D.L.; Milliken, K.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Evaluation of the soft measures' effects on ambient water quality improvement and household and industry economies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Various ecological footprint calculators, carbon footprint calculators and water footprint calculators have been developed in recent years. The basic concepts of ecological behaviour record notebooks and of carbon dioxide emission calculators have been developed since the late 20th century. The first carbon dioxide emission calculator was developed in 1991. Likewise, water pollutant discharge calculators have been developed to estimate the effects of soft measures introduced into households to reduce pollutant discharge since 2004. The soft measures which have been developed in Japan may consist of a wider framework, household sustainable consumption, which has been developed in Europe, and can be referred to cleaner consumption. In this research, summarisation of the short history of ecological behaviour record notebooks and ecological footprint calculators in Japan since the 1980s was conducted, and the soft measures in households to reduce pollutant discharge were evaluated for their effects on ambient water quality improvement as well as household and industry economies. Effects of the soft measures on related industry economies were investigated using an Input–Output Table analysis and the effects of the imported goods were evaluated with an import effect matrix, which was developed in this research. The effects of the soft measures on household expenditures were estimated to be a decrease by 2.5% or USD 285 person?1 year?1 in 2003–2006. The results show that the soft measures positively affect the chemical fibre industry and significantly affect the detergent industry. Analysis of the import effect matrix proved that the six industries were tightly related through extensive amounts of imported goods. The soft measures in households may lead to household sustainable consumption and thus reduce disadvantageous human impacts on water environments. The effects of the measures introduced to improve the environment should be qualitatively and quantitatively evaluated to avoid redundant concerns and discord between the environment and the economy, which may be worried when the relationship is not well understood.

Yoshiaki Tsuzuki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Improving protein crystal quality by selective removal of a Ca2+-dependent membrane-insertion loop  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Protein engineering dramatically enhances the quality of crystals of a Ca2+-dependent membrane-binding protein.

Neau, D.B.

2007-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

153

PHS 650-section 052: Healthcare Quality Improvement and Evaluation for Vulnerable Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can contribute to global health system reform and realization of the Millennium Development Goals. II. Learning Objectives To understand how quality health care has been defined and implemented with vulnerable health care quality" BMJ 2004; 328: 1124-9 Bloom BS. "Crossing the quality chasm: a new health system

Sheridan, Jennifer

154

Patterned ion exchange membranes for improved power production in microbial reverse-electrodialysis cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Patterned ion exchange membranes for improved power production in microbial reverse-electrodialysis August 2014 Keywords: Microbial reverse electrodialysis cell Patterned membranes Integrated spacer Internal resistance a b s t r a c t Power production in microbial reverse-electrodialysis cells (MRCs) can

155

Improving the Production Efficiency of Beef Cows through Mathematical Modeling and Genomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving the Production Efficiency of Beef Cows through Mathematical Modeling and Genomics that integrating recent advances in genomics, the identification of intrinsic genetic factors that determine and evaluate the individual-based model for production efficiency· of beef cows using genomic and biomarker

156

THE INFLUENCES OF MAGNETIC SHEAR ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE QUALITY OF CONFINEMENT IN THE PLASMA OF TOKAMAK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF TOKAMAK M. El Mouden1 , D. Saifaoui1 , A. Dezairi2 , H. Imzi1 ; 1 Laboratory of Theoretical Physics of reversed shear on the improvement of the confinement's quality in the plasma of tokamak and especially, is evaluated. Key Words: Plasma confinement, Tokamak, Anomalous transport, Magnetic shear, Transport barrier

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

157

High Quality Graphene Formation on Improved 3C-SiC Epilayer Michael Walker,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UG-32 High Quality Graphene Formation on Improved 3C-SiC Epilayer Michael Walker,1 excellent electronic, mechanical, photonic properties and 2D nature, graphene is believed to be able to push the semiconductor industry into the beyond- CMOS era. Among all the synthesis methods, the Graphene-On-Silicon (GOS

158

Productivity and Quality of Brown Midrib (bmr) Sorghum Varieties to Producers in Central America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY OF BROWN MIDRIB (BMR) SORGHUM VARIETIES TO PRODUCERS IN CENTRAL AMERICA A Thesis by OSTILIO ROLANDO PORTILLO RODRIGUEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in the partial... for Honduras, Guatemala and Nicaragua across several environments. iii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank God Almighty for his blessings which made this cultural and academic experience at Texas A&M University a reality. I also would like...

Portillo Rodriguez, Ostilio Rolando

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Production and Characterization of Plutonium Dioxide Particles as a Quality Control Material for Safeguards Purposes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production and Characterization of Plutonium Dioxide Particles as a Quality Control Material for Safeguards Purposes ... Although U particles are of major interest in swipe samples from enrichment facilities, Pu particles are of high interest for safeguarding reactors with hot cells, reprocessing, and research and development facilities. ... The environmental sampling for safeguard (ESS) system is presented, that was useful to monitor trace radioactive pollution in the environment and to detect nuclear activities. ...

Taeko Shinonaga; David Donohue; Helmut Aigner; Stefan Bürger; Dilani Klose; Teemu Kärkelä; Riitta Zilliacus; Ari Auvinen; Olivier Marie; Fabien Pointurier

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

160

Factors affecting binder properties between production and construction and their impact on quality assurance programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTORS AFFECTING BINDER PROPERTIES BETWEEN PRODUCTION AND CONSTRUCTION AND THEIR IMPACT ON QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAMS A Thesis by EDITH ARAMBULA MERCADO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... ARAMBULA MERCADO Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Am Epps Martin (Chair of Committee) Roger ith (Member) l'Cl(fford Spiegelman...

Arambula Mercado, Edith

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Male reproduction in penaeid shrimp: sperm quality and spermatophore production in wild and captive populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW i t iR~nd t O~y A review of information on the male reproductive system and its contml will give insight and further our understanding of the male reproductive process in penaeid shrimp. The male reproductive system...MALE REPRODUCTION IN PENAEID SHRIMP: SPERM QUALITY AND SPERMATOPHORE PRODUCTION IN WILD AND CAPTIVE POPULATIONS A Thesis by JOANNA RUTH TRUJILLO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Leung-Trujillo, Joanna R

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Testing in Software Product Lines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents research aimed at investigating different activities involved in software product lines testing process and possible improvements towards achieving developing high quality software… (more)

Odia, Osaretin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Batch-processed melt-textured YBCO with improved quality for motor and bearing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results on an established batch process preparing melt-textured YBCO of high quality and in large quantities are reported. We used a standard composition Y1.5Ba2Cu3O7?x+1 wt % CeO2 without further doping to fabricate single domain YBCO monoliths in different sizes and shapes (cylindrical, quadratic) as well as rectangular multi-seeded YBCO monoliths. Up to 2–3 kg of melt-textured YBCO blocks were grown, reproducible in one box furnace run. Top seeding by a self-made SmBCO was improved and rationalized. Optimization of an oxygen annealing treatment led to macro-crack free YBCO monoliths. Each YBCO monolith was characterized by integral levitation force and field mapping. In a single domain, a quadratic monolith with a edge length of 38 mm, a maximum induction of 1.44 T at 77 K and a distance of 0.5 mm was frozen. The reproducibility of the batch process is guaranteed. Mean maximum induction from 1.1 to 1.2 T at 77 K per batch was reached. A trapped magnetic field of 2.5 T was achieved between two single domain monoliths in a gap of 1.5 mm at 77 K. Depending on the application, function elements with different sizes, designs and more or less complex geometry are constructed in several working steps by cutting, machining, bonding and passivation. Selected function elements were checked with field mapping at 77 K. The results of our function elements in HTSC reluctance motors with an output power of up to 200 kW using single domain material are shown. We report on a fly wheel system DYNASTORE and a system to levitate people.

W Gawalek; T Habisreuther; M Zeisberger; D Litzkendorf; O Surzhenko; S Kracunovska; T A Prikhna; B Oswald; L K Kovalev; W Canders

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

E-Print Network 3.0 - attendance improves quality Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

skills... by the University's Said Business School); Career Planning; Quality Management (ISO 9001) and Environmental... , Tokyo & Milan and the 2009 tour is to China). All EPSRC...

165

Experimental investigations on reactor scale-up and optimisation of product quality in pyrolysis of shredder waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Shredder waste is the light fraction separated from automotive shredder scrap by air classifiers and contains mainly plastics. The present work focuses on pyrolysis of shredder waste as a possible way for chemical recycling of plastic wastes and deals with the technical requirements for an industrial application. Pyrolysis experiments have been conducted in two different laboratory reactors at high and low heating rates in order to determine product yields. The investigations lead to a more detailed understanding of the primary and secondary chemical reactions involved and the influence of the main process parameters. The results indicate clearly that appropriate conditions for secondary reactions are decisive criteria to attain the desired optimum product quality, e.g. a more homogeneous product spectrum with enhanced yields of light aromatics. Catalysts can improve cracking and isomerisation as well as chlorine removal. The derived criteria for reactor design and process development have shown heating rate, residence time, and temperature to be decisive parameters in scale-up considerations and in extrapolation of laboratory-scale experimental results. It can be concluded that reactors with extended residence time like, for example, a rotary kiln in combination with a subsequent solid catalyst bed for refining of the volatiles can provide promising process solutions in a pyrolytic recycling concept for plastic wastes like automotive shredder waste.

Ch Pasel; W Wanzl

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

WATER alert!: using mobile phones to improve community perspective on drinking water quality in South Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Drinking water quality, in many parts of South Africa, is far below acceptable standards. With a high number of illnesses and deaths in the country due to diarrheal diseases, the impact is critical. This research addresses the challenge of reporting ... Keywords: HCI, ICTD, South Africa, low-literate user interfaces, mobile phones, user-centered design, water quality

Deana Brown; Gary Marsden; Ulrike Rivett

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Improving Data Quality With Dynamic Forms Kuang Chen, Harr Chen, Neil Conway, Heather Dolan, Joseph M. Hellerstein, and Tapan S. Parikh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

propose a new data-driven approach to form design, execution (filling) and quality assurance. We, applying principles for data encodings, constraints, and validation rules. For electronic forms, qualityImproving Data Quality With Dynamic Forms Kuang Chen, Harr Chen, Neil Conway, Heather Dolan, Joseph

168

Improving Ventilation and Saving Energy: Final Report on Indoor Environmental Quality and Energy Monitoring in Sixteen Relocatable Classrooms  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

03E 03E Improving Ventilation and Saving Energy: Final Report on Indoor Environmental Quality and Energy Monitoring in Sixteen Relocatable Classrooms Michael G. Apte, Bourassa Norman*, David Faulkner, Alfred T. Hodgson, Toshfumi Hotchi, Michael Spears, Douglas P. Sullivan, and Duo Wang 4 April 2008 Indoor Environment Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory *Now with the California Energy Commission PIER Program, Sacramento CA. This research was sponsored by the California Energy Commission through the Public Interest Energy Research program as the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Classroom HVAC: Improving Ventilation and Saving Energy research project, CEC Contract Number 500-03-041.

169

Differentiated Quality of Protection to Improve Energy Efficiency of Survivable Optical Transport Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A differentiated quality of protection scheme is evaluated in terms of energy efficiency for fixed-grid WDM and flexible-grid OFDM-based networks. Significant energy savings can be...

Lopez Vizcaino, Jorge; Ye, Yabin; Lopez, Victor; Jimenez, Felipe; Duque, Raul; Musumeci, Francesco; Pattavina, Achille; Krummrich, Peter

170

Achieving world-class perceived vehicle quality through improved engineering and manufacturing tools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Throughout the vehicle development process, automotive manufacturers must work to meet a variety of customer needs. One increasingly important attribute is vehicle exterior perceived quality, which is largely dependent on ...

Glomski, Paul T

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Production  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of...

172

Component tissues of different morphological types of tomato fruit and their qualitative and quantitative effects on quality of processed product  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPONENT TISSUES OF DIFFERENT MORPHOLOGICAL TYPES OF TOMATO FRUIT AND THEIR QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE EFFECTS ON QUALITY OF PROCESSED PRODUCT A Thesis by Alfred Bernhart Wagner, Jr. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A... of Tomato Fruit and Their Qualitative and Quantitative Effects on Quality of Processed Product (December 1972) Alfred Bernhart Wagner, Jr. , B. S. , Texas A&M University Directed by: Dr. E. E. Burns Tissue regions of five morphological types of tomato...

Wagner, Alfred Bernhart

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

. . . developing, evaluating and marketing technology products to improve our transportation system A Publication of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicle Technology, the UI team has competed in the Clean Snowmobile Challenge for the past two years. . . developing, evaluating and marketing technology products to improve our transportation system A Publication of the National Institute for Advanced Transportation Technology TECH BRIEF March 2003

Kyte, Michael

174

Materials Development for Improved Efficiency of Hydrogen Production by Steam Electrolysis and Thermochemical-Electrochemical Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is water electrolysis at high temperatures using heat from a nuclear reactor, known as high temperatureMaterials Development for Improved Efficiency of Hydrogen Production by Steam Electrolysis steam electrolysis (HTSE). The feasibility of this process is currently being demonstrated at Idaho

Yildiz, Bilge

175

Improved irradiances for use in ocean heating, primary production, and photo-oxidation calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

computed by a radiative transfer code that can be used to convert above-surface values in either energy- plankton affect upper-ocean thermal structure via absorption of solar irradiance at visible wavelengthsImproved irradiances for use in ocean heating, primary production, and photo-oxidation calculations

Boss, Emmanuel S.

176

Coal flow aids reduce coke plant operating costs and improve production rates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemical coal flow aids can provide many benefits to coke plants, including improved production rates, reduced maintenance and lower cleaning costs. This article discusses the mechanisms by which coal flow aids function and analyzes several successful case histories. 2 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

Bedard, R.A.; Bradacs, D.J.; Kluck, R.W.; Roe, D.C.; Ventresca, B.P.

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Provide Assistance to Improve Water Quality in Hood County Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

popul ati o n . There are an estima te d 9,000 septic tanks located around Lake Granbur y , with absorpt i o n fields install e d on small lots in close proximi t y to the lake. Most of the i nhabit e d areas around the lake exist on man-ma d e... Upon the Water Quality of the Lake Study identi fi e d the most notab l e area of c oncer n to be in the man- ma d e coves. In 1995 a study titled, Survey of Conditions and Impact of Septic Tank Pollution on the Water Quality in Lake Granbury...

Lesikar, Bruce; Mechell, Justin; Clayton, Brent; Gerlich, Ryan; Kalisek, Danielle; Harris, B.L.

178

Production scheduling of a lignite mine under quality and reserves uncertainty  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of uncertainty sources to the stochastic optimization of the combined project of a new surface lignite mine exploitation and power plant operation for electricity generation is investigated. Major sources of uncertainty that were considered are the reserves and the quality of the lignite. Since probability distribution functions for these uncertainties were estimated during the detailed exploration phase of the deposit, the overall goal is then to determine the optimal capacity of the power plant and consequently the optimal production rate of the mine over the time. The optimization objective that was selected is the maximization of the net present value of the project. Emphasis is placed on the sensitivity analysis for the investigation of the effect of quality and reserves uncertainty on project optimization, on the mathematical formulation of risk attitude strategy and on increasing the efficiency of the optimization process by creating a limited set of feasible solutions applying empirical rules. The developed methodology was applied for the determination of the optimal annual production rate of a new surface lignite mine in the area of Ptolemais–Amynteon in Northern Greece.

Michael Galetakis; Christos Roumpos; George Alevizos; Despina Vamvuka

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Reprint of: Production scheduling of a lignite mine under quality and reserves uncertainty  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of uncertainty sources to the stochastic optimization of the combined project of a new surface lignite mine exploitation and power plant operation for electricity generation is investigated. Major sources of uncertainty that were considered are the reserves and the quality of the lignite. Since probability distribution functions for these uncertainties were estimated during the detailed exploration phase of the deposit, the overall goal is then to determine the optimal capacity of the power plant and consequently the optimal production rate of the mine over the time. The optimization objective that was selected is the maximization of the net present value of the project. Emphasis is placed on the sensitivity analysis for the investigation of the effect of quality and reserves uncertainty on project optimization, on the mathematical formulation of risk attitude strategy and on increasing the efficiency of the optimization process by creating a limited set of feasible solutions applying empirical rules. The developed methodology was applied for the determination of the optimal annual production rate of a new surface lignite mine in the area of Ptolemais–Amynteon in Northern Greece.

Michael Galetakis; Christos Roumpos; George Alevizos; Despina Vamvuka

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Improvement of cephalosporin C production by Acremonium chrysogenum M35 in submerged culture with glass beads or silicone rubber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Physical stimulation using a baffle or an impeller has been previously reported to improve cephalosporin C (CPC) production and cell growth. In this study, the effect of glass beads on CPC production in Acremoniu...

Hwan Hyo Lee; Yoon Seok Song; Seung Wook Kim

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Improved penicillin amidase production using a genetically engineered mutant of escherichia coli ATCC 11105  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Penicillin G amidase (PGA) is a key enzyme for the industrial production of penicillin G derivatives used in therapeutics. Escherichia coli ATCC 11105 is the more commonly used strain for PGA production. To improve enzyme yield, the authors constructed various recombinant E. coli HB 101 and ATCC 11105 strains. For each strain, PGA production was determined for various concentrations of glucose and phenylacetic acid (PAA) in the medium. The E. coli strain, G271, was identified as the best performer (800 U NIPAB/L). This strain was obtained as follows: an E. coli ATCC 11105 mutant (E. coli G133) was first selected based on a low negative effect of glucose on PGA production. This mutant was then transformed with a pBR322 derivative containing the PGA gene. Various experiments were made to try to understand the reason for the high productivity of E. coli G271. The host strain, E. coli G133, was found to be mutated in one (or more) gene(s) whose product(s) act(s) in trans on the PGA gene expression. Its growth is not inhibited by high glucose concentration in the medium. Interestingly, whereas glucose still exerts some negative effect on the PGA production by E. coli G133, PGA production by its transformant (E. coli G271) is stimulated by glucose. The reason for this stimulation is discussed. Transformation of E. coli G133 with a pBR322 derivative containing the HindIII fragment of the PGA gene, showed that the performance of E. coli G271 depends both upon the host strain properties and the plasmid structure. Study of the production by the less efficient E. coli HB101 derivatives brought some light on the mechanism of regulation of the PGA gene.

Robas, N.; Zouheiry, H.; Branlant, G.; Branlant, C. (Univ. de Nancy I, Vandoeuvre-Les-Nancy (France))

1993-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

182

Improving Relevance and Quality of Undergraduate Education in Sri Lanka: the need for a change in public funding strategy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article discusses the importance of improving relevance and quality of higher education in Sri Lanka. Undergraduate education should be directed towards the needs of the country. Graduate unemployment is an issue in Sri Lanka, which needs urgent remedial actions. This paper also reviews the main features of the funding mechanism in Sri Lanka and identifies issues of concern in funding strategy in Sri Lanka. This is an opportune moment to assess the extent to which Sri Lanka should and can reform its funding strategies for higher education and there are many lessons to be learned from international practice.

Pradeep Randiwela; Siriyama Kanthi Herath

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Appendix A: Continuous Quality Improvement Matrix Student Learning Outcomes Relevant Experiences Measures Use of Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in considering equity vs. efficiency tradeoffs within real world situations. Average = 4.64/6 Individual faculty on this measure. It is possible that new elective courses may be neccesary at some point in the future to improve performance on this goal. #12;Student Learning Outcomes Relevant Experiences Measures Use of Results equity vs

Gering, Jon C.

184

Towards an improved architectural quality of building integrated solar thermal systems (BIST)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Architectural integration is a major issue in the development and spreading of solar thermal technologies. Yet the architectural quality of most existing building integrated solar thermal systems (BIST) is quite poor, which often discourages potential new users. In this paper, the results of a large web survey on architectural quality, addressed to more than 170 European architects and other building professionals are presented and commented. Integration criteria and design guidelines established and confirmed through the analysis of these results are proposed. Subsequently, a novel methodology to design future solar thermal collectors systems suited to building integration is described, showing a new range of design possibilities. The methodology focuses on the essential teamwork between architects and engineers to ensure both energy efficiency and architectural integrability, while playing with the formal characteristics of the collectors (size, shape, colour, etc.). Finally a practical example of such a design process conducted within the European project SOLABS is given; the resulting collector is described, and integration simulations are presented.

MariaCristina Munari Probst; Christian Roecker

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Improving reverse logistics processes using item-level product life cycle management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sustainability is a key issue for companies offering products and services on the global market. The ever-increasing worldwide demand for raw materials in combination with the rising costs for materials and energy challenges companies to make their products, processes and services more sustainable. More and more customers are demanding sustainable products and services due to their increased awareness about environmental protection. By providing access to data, information and knowledge about products and services the concept of product life cycle management (PLM) can be applied to reverse logistics processes to improve sustainability. The term PLM and, therefore, the functionality of existing PLM systems must be considered as quite different. This paper introduces the concept of item-level PLM. It investigates the requirements that item-level PLM systems must fulfil in order to support sustainability in reverse logistics processes in an appropriate manner. Existing item-level PLM solutions are then investigated according to their suitability in the field of reverse logistics.

Carl Hans; Karl A. Hribernik; Klaus-Dieter Thoben

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Improving quality of discriminating signal from background for Higgs portal model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In our universe nearly 95 percent of matters are unknown yet, we only have theory, so called Standard Model, for 5 percent of universe. Consequently, our next target of high energy physics is naturally Dark Matter and Dark Energy. In this study we studied Dark matter especially for Higgs portal model. In this study we found discrimination power is improved if we impose MET significance cut instead of MET cut and we don't need to include many variables when we impose MET significance cut.

Kim, Manki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Analysis of Improved Reference Design for a Nuclear-Driven High Temperature Electrolysis Hydrogen Production Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of High Temperature Electrolysis (HTE) for the efficient production of hydrogen without the greenhouse gas emissions associated with conventional fossil-fuel hydrogen production techniques has been under investigation at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INL) for the last several years. The activities at the INL have included the development, testing and analysis of large numbers of solid oxide electrolysis cells, and the analyses of potential plant designs for large scale production of hydrogen using an advanced Very-High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) to provide the process heat and electricity to drive the electrolysis process. The results of these system analyses, using the UniSim process analysis software, have shown that the HTE process, when coupled to a VHTR capable of operating at reactor outlet temperatures of 800 °C to 950 °C, has the potential to produce the large quantities of hydrogen needed to meet future energy and transportation needs with hydrogen production efficiencies in excess of 50%. In addition, economic analyses performed on the INL reference plant design, optimized to maximize the hydrogen production rate for a 600 MWt VHTR, have shown that a large nuclear-driven HTE hydrogen production plant can to be economically competitive with conventional hydrogen production processes, particularly when the penalties associated with greenhouse gas emissions are considered. The results of this research led to the selection in 2009 of HTE as the preferred concept in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) hydrogen technology down-selection process. However, the down-selection process, along with continued technical assessments at the INL, has resulted in a number of proposed modifications and refinements to improve the original INL reference HTE design. These modifications include changes in plant configuration, operating conditions and individual component designs. This paper describes the resulting new INL reference design and presents results of system analyses performed to optimize the design and to determine required plant performance and operating conditions.

Edwin A. Harvego; James E. O'Brien; Michael G. McKellar

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Production  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of cultivation systems.

189

Abbreviated epitaxial growth mode (AGM) method for reducing cost and improving quality of LEDs and lasers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The use of an abbreviated GaN growth mode on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire substrates, which utilizes a process of using 15 nm low temperature GaN buffer and bypassing etch-back and recovery processes during epitaxy, enables the growth of high-quality GaN template on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire. The GaN template grown on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire by employing abbreviated growth mode has two orders of magnitude lower threading dislocation density than that of conventional GaN template grown on planar sapphire. The use of abbreviated growth mode also leads to significant reduction in cost of the epitaxy. The growths and characteristics of InGaN quantum wells (QWs) light emitting diodes (LEDs) on both templates were compared. The InGaN QWs LEDs grown on the nano-patterned AGOG sapphire demonstrated at least a 24% enhancement of output power enhancement over that of LEDs grown on conventional GaN templates.

Tansu, Nelson; Chan, Helen M; Vinci, Richard P; Ee, Yik-Khoon; Biser, Jeffrey

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

190

Improvement of the quality of graphene-capped InAs/GaAs quantum dots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the transfer of graphene onto InAs/GaAs quantum dots (QDs). The graphene is first grown on Cu foils by chemical vapor deposition and then polymer Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) is deposited on the top of graphene/Cu. High quality graphene sheet has been obtained by lowering the dissolving rate of PMMA using vapor processing. Uncapped as well as capped graphene InAs/GaAs QDs have been studied using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. We gather from this that the average shifts ?? of QDs Raman peaks are reduced compared to those previously observed in graphene and GaAs capped QDs. The encapsulation by graphene makes the indium atomic concentration intact in the QDs by the reduction of the strain effect of graphene on QDs and the migration of In atoms towards the surface. This gives us a new hetero-structure graphene–InAs/GaAs QDs wherein the graphene plays a key role as a cap layer.

Othmen, Riadh, E-mail: othmenriadh@yahoo.fr; Rezgui, Kamel; Ajlani, Hosni; Oueslati, Meherzi [Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université de Tunis El Manar, Campus, 2092 El Manar Tunis (Tunisia); Cavanna, Antonella; Madouri, Ali [CNRS/LPN, Route de Nozay, F-91460 Marcoussis (France); Arezki, Hakim; Gunes, Fethullah [Laboratoire de Génie Electrique de Paris, 11, rue Joliot Curie Plateau de Moulon, 91192 Gif sur Yvette (France)

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

191

Systems Level Engineering of Plant Cell Wall Biosynthesis to Improve Biofuel Feedstock Quality  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our new regulatory model of cell wall biosynthesis proposes original network architecture with several newly incorporated components. The mapped set of protein-DNA interactions will serve as a foundation for 1) understanding the regulation of a complex and integral plant component and 2) the manipulation of crop species for biofuel and biotechnology purposes. This study revealed interesting and novel aspects of grass growth and development and further enforce the importance of a grass model system. By functionally characterizing a suite of genes, we have begun to improve the sparse model for transcription regulation of biomass accumulation in grasses. In the process, we have advanced methodology and brachy molecular genetic tools that will serve as valuable community resource.

Hazen, Samuel

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

192

Method for improving product yields in an anionic metalloporphyrin-based artificial photosynthesis system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for improving product yields in an anionic metalloporphyrin-based artificial photosynthesis system for hydrogen generation which comprises forming an aqueous solution comprising an electron donor, methylviologen, and certain metalloporphyrins and metallochlorins, and irradiating said aqueous solution with light in the presence of a catalyst. In the photosynthesis process, solar energy is collected and stored in the form of a gas hydrogen. Ligands attached above and below the metalloporphyrin and metallochlorin plane are capable of sterically blocking photochemically inactive electrostatically bound .pi.--.pi. complexes which can develop.

Shelnutt, John A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Method for improving product yields in an anionic metalloporphyrin-based artificial photosynthesis system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is disclosed improving product yields in an anionic metalloporphyrin-based artificial photosynthesis system for hydrogen generation. The method comprises forming an aqueous solution comprising an electron donor, methylviologen, and certain metalloporphyrins and metallochlorins, and irradiating said aqueous solution with light in the presence of a catalyst. In the photosynthesis process, solar energy is collected and stored in the form of a hydrogen. Ligands attached above and below the metalloporphyrin and metallochlorin plane are capable of sterically blocking photochemically inactive electrostatically bound ..pi..-..pi.. complexes which can develop.

Shelnutt, J.A.

1984-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

194

Elimination or Minimization of Oscillation Marks: A Path To Improved Cast Surface Quality  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oscillation marks are the most recognizable feature of continuous casting and can be related to the subsurface defects that can be found on product rolled from continuous cast slabs. The purpose of this work was to develop strategies that can be used on industrial continuous casters to reduce oscillation mark depth and, in particular, to minimize the formation of hook type defects that are prevalent on ultra low carbon grades. The major focus of the work was on developing a technique to allow heat transfer in the meniscus region of the continuous caster to be measured and the effect of mold slag chemistry and chrystallization to be documented. A new experimental technique was developed that allowed the effect of mold flux chemistry and chrystallization on the radiation heat transfer rate to be measured dynamically.

Dr. Alan W. Cramb

2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

195

Evaluation of supply potential of energy crops in Japan considering cases of improvement of crop productivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy crops are not presently major energy resources as energy crops are more expensive than fossil fuels at present. However, energy crops may become important energy resources in the future. In this study, the authors discuss the availability of energy crops in Japan. The supply potential of energy crops produced on unused arable land is estimated at 0.12 EJ yr?1 and that of secondary crops for bioenergy is estimated at 0.12 EJ yr?1 in Japan. However, it is difficult to utilize the supply potential considering the low food-self-sufficiency ratio and the high costs of crops in Japan. In addition, the authors analyze the supply potential of energy crops produced on surplus arable land in Japan in cases of biomass productivity increment. The supply potential of energy crops is formulated into 0.12A (EJ yr?1), where A means the index of productivity increment ( A = 1.0 at present). On the other hand, in the case of every crop productivity increment, the supply potential of energy crops is formulated into 1.44A–1.32 (EJ yr?1). When it is assumed that the ratio is 2.0, the supply potential in the latter case is 1.44 EJ yr?1, which is equivalent to about 7% of the total primary energy supply in Japan. When it is assumed that the ratio is 2.0 in the latter case in the world, the supply potential of energy crops is 435 EJ yr?1, which exceeds the total primary energy supply in the world. It is difficult to improve the productivity of every crop. However, if the improvement is realized, energy crops will become one of the major energy resources in Japan and in the world.

Hiromi Yamamoto; Yukihiko Matsumura; Shigeki Sawayama

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SANANDRES RESERVOIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; (7) Mobility control agents.

Unknown

2003-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Efficacy of an integrated continuing medical education (CME) and quality improvement (QI) program on radiation oncologist (RO) clinical practice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: There has been little radiation oncologist (RO)-specific research in continuing medical education (CME) or quality improvement (QI) program efficacy. Our aim was to evaluate a CME/QI program for changes in RO behavior, performance, and adherence to department protocols/studies over the first 12 months of the program. Methods and Materials: The CME/QI program combined chart audit with feedback (C-AWF), simulation review AWF (SR-AWF), reminder checklists, and targeted CME tutorials. Between April 2003 and March 2004, management of 75 patients was evaluated by chart audit with feedback (C-AWF) and 178 patients via simulation review audit (SR-AWF) using a validated instrument. Scores were presented, and case management was discussed with individualized educational feedback. RO behavior and performance was compared over the first year of the program. Results: Comparing the first and second 6 months, there was a significant improvement in mean behavior (12.7-13.6 of 14, p = 0.0005) and RO performance (7.6-7.9 of 8, p = 0.018) scores. Protocol/study adherence significantly improved from 90.3% to 96.6% (p = 0.005). A total of 50 actions were generated, including the identification of learning needs to direct CME tutorials, the systematic change of suboptimal RO practice, and the alteration of deficient management of 3% of patients audited during the program. Conclusion: An integrated CME/QI program combining C-AWF, SR-AWF, QI reminders, and targeted CME tutorials effectively improved targeted RO behavior and performance over a 12-month period. There was a corresponding increase in departmental protocol and study adherence.

Leong, Cheng Nang [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore) and Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore)]. E-mail: Cheng_Nang_Leong@mail.nhg.com.sg; Shakespeare, Thomas Philip [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); North Coast Cancer Institute, Coffs Harbour (Australia); Mukherjee, Rahul K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Back, Michael F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Lee, Khai Mun [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Lu, Jiade Jay [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Wynne, Christopher J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Lim, Keith [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Tang, Johann [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Zhang Xiaojian [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Hospital, Fudan Hospital, Shanghai (China)

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Fluid catalytic cracking feed hydrotreatment and its severity impact on product yields and quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the effect of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) feed hydrotreatment and its severity increase on product yields and quality obtained in a commercial and a laboratory MAT FCC units. The hydrotreatment of Ural heavy vacuum gas oil reduces not only sulfur, nitrogen, Conradson carbon and metals content in the FCC feed but also increases the mononuclear aromatic hydrocarbons content by 8% absolute at almost no change in the total aromatics content. Regardless of this 8% increase of the mononuclear aromatics in the hydrotreated FCC feed the conversion increase in both commercial and laboratory MAT units was only 2%. The severity increase in the FCC feed hydrotreater leads to a higher conversion in the FCC, higher hydrogen transfer rate that results in higher isobutane/butylenes ratio, lower gasoline olefins content, and higher gasoline motor octane number. The hydrotreatment of the Ural heavy vacuum gas oil exhibited the same changes in FCC catalyst selectivities: lower coke and LCO selectivities and higher gasoline selectivity in both commercial riser FCC unit that has between 2 and 3 s time on stream, and the fixed bed reactor MAT unit, that has 30 s time on stream.

Dicho S. Stratiev; Ivelina K. Shishkova; Dimitar S. Dobrev

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Stable isotope and water quality analysis of coal bed methane production waters and gases from the Bowen Basin, Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coal bed methane (CBM) is a significant growing industry in Queensland's energy sector. It is, however, a relatively new industry with little local water quality data and stable isotope compositions of production waters and gases available in the public domain. This study aims to determine whether water quality and stable isotope data can be correlated with gas and groundwater production and flow pathways, and identify zones of recharge and water mixing. Stable isotope analysis and accessory water quality tests were conducted on CBM production gas and water samples collected from two CBM producing bituminous coal seams within a single field in the Bowen Basin. In the production field, the reservoir seams are gently folded with eastwardly dipping fold axes, and compartmentalised by an ENE normal fault on the flank of a broad central anticline that contains minor faults. For one seam, splitting and a change in coal quality parallels the fault and fold axes. Although virgin reservoir conditions were similar, differing production performance north and south of the main fault suggests it acts as a barrier to water and gas flow along strike. The stable isotope analysis on the production water showed that waters with more positive ?D and ?18O compositions were associated with areas of higher water production and shallower depths, whereas more negative ?D and ?18O compositions were associated with lower water production and high gas production. The gas isotope analysis showed that production gases had both biogenic and thermogenic origins and that secondary biogenic gas generated through CO2 reduction comprises a significant portion of the CBM produced from this field. More negative CH4 ?13C values characterize the zones of meteoric recharge in shallow, up-dip areas. Gas production data and CO2 ?13C values suggest that this may result from 13CH4 stripping by the recharge waters and/or increased biogenic activity in this area. Smaller CO2–CH4 carbon isotopic fractionation values characterized zones of meteoric recharge, whereas higher isotopic fractionation values characterized the high gas production domain.

E.C.P. Kinnon; S.D. Golding; C.J. Boreham; K.A. Baublys; J.S. Esterle

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Improved  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Improved Improved cache performance in Monte Carlo transport calculations using energy banding A. Siegel a , K. Smith b , K. Felker c,∗ , P . Romano b , B. Forget b , P . Beckman c a Argonne National Laboratory, Theory and Computing Sciences and Nuclear Engineering Division b Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering c Argonne National Laboratory, Theory and Computing Sciences Abstract We present an energy banding algorithm for Monte Carlo (MC) neutral parti- cle transport simulations which depend on large cross section lookup tables. In MC codes, read-only cross section data tables are accessed frequently, ex- hibit poor locality, and are typically much too large to fit in fast memory. Thus, performance is often limited by long latencies to RAM, or by off-node communication latencies when the data footprint is very large and must be decomposed on

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201

Novel use of 4D Monitoring Techniques to Improve Reservoir Longevity and Productivity in Enhanced Geothermal Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Novel use of 4D Monitoring Techniques to Improve Reservoir Longevity and Productivity in Enhanced Geothermal Systems presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - air quality evaluation Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: Air Resources Laboratory Research and Development for Improving Air Quality Forecast Products What... We Do The Air Resources Laboratory (ARL) conducts...

203

Potential Effects of Organic Carbon Production on Ecosystems and Drinking Water Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Primary Drinking Water Regulations, disinfectantsand implications for drinking water quality and the Deltaand control in drinking water. American Chemical Society,

Brown, Larry R.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Reducing Heavy-Haul Railcar Maintenance Costs and Improving Terminal Performance Using Technology: A Lean Production Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operations. This research applies Lean Manufacturing methods to the railcar maintenance process industries to improve production and manufacturing efficiency. In the 2000s, various production management with terminal dwell [3,4]. In addition, Logan suggested that for every 15% reduction in systemwide average

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

205

Development of rapid methods to determine the quality of corn for ethanol production.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??As ethanol production greatly increased in recent years in the U.S., there has been interest to make the ethanol production process more efficient and economical,… (more)

Burgers, Allison Palmer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Integration of hydrogen management in refinery planning with rigorous process models and product quality specifications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New trends of increased heavy crude markets and clean-fuel legislation, to produce ultra low-sulphur (ULS) gasoline and diesel fuels, are forcing refineries to increase their consumption of hydrogen. This critical situation raises the need to have a tool for operating refineries with flexibility and profitability. This paper addresses the planning of refinery with consideration to hydrogen availability. A systematic method for integrating a hydrogen management strategy within a rigorous refinery planning model is undertaken. The presented model consists of two main building blocks: a set of non-linear processing units' models and a hydrogen balance framework. The two blocks are integrated to produce a refinery-wide planning model with hydrogen management. The hydrogen management alternatives were determined by economic analysis. The proposed model improves the hidden hydrogen unavailability that prevents refineries from achieving their maximum production and profit. The model is illustrated on representative case studies and the results are discussed. It was found that an additional annual profit equivalent to $7 million could be achieved with a one-time investment of $13 million in a new purification unit.

Ali Elkamel; Ibrahim Alhajri; A. Almansoori; Yousef Saif

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

An integrated life cycle quality model for general public market software products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The requirements are built upon existing industry standards, including ISO 9001. The TL 9000 Quality System quality view of TL9000 Handbook and detailed view from ISO/IEC 1926 in the process of defining, measuring by TL9000-ISO complement model as well as by application process walk-through. #12;1. Complement model

Laporte, Claude Y.

208

An integrated life cycle quality model for general public market software products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The requirements are built upon existing industry standards, including ISO 9001. The TL 9000 Quality System quality view of TL9000 Handbook and detailed view from ISO/IEC 1926 in the process of defining, measuring by TL9000-ISO complement model as well as by application process walk-through. Proceedings of Software

Suryn, Witold

209

Preliminary evaluation of VTA effectiveness to protect runoff water quality on small pork production facilities in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/or Robertson County sites on the following dates: • January 9, 2013 • February 10, 2013 • March 10, 2013 • April 3, 2013 • May 9, 2013 • May 16, 2013 • May 21, 2013 • June 3, 2013 • June 10, 2013 • July 15, 2013 Results from the analysis... Research Service Texas Water Resources Institute TR-452 November 2013 Preliminary evaluation of VTA effectiveness to protect runoff water quality on small pork production facilities in Texas STATE NONPOINT SOURCE GRANT PROGRAM TSSWCB PROJECT...

Wagner, K.; Harmel, D.; Higgs, K.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Indoor Environmental Quality  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

office interior, people talking, computational fluid dynamics image office interior, people talking, computational fluid dynamics image Indoor Environmental Quality EETD conducts a broad program of research, technology development, and dissemination activities directed toward improving the health, comfort, and energy efficiency of the indoor environment. EETD researchers conduct a broad program of research and development with the goals of: reducing the energy used for thermally conditioning and distributing ventilation air in buildings improving indoor air quality (IAQ), thermal comfort and the health and productivity of building occupants understanding human exposures to environmental pollutants found in indoor and outdoor air improving the scientific understanding of factors and processes affecting air quality developing sound science to inform public policy on the most

211

Improving Ventilation and Saving Energy: Final Report on Indoor Environmental Quality and Energy Monitoring in Sixteen Relocatable Classrooms  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LBNL-203E LBNL-203E Improving Ventilation and Saving Energy: Final Report on Indoor Environmental Quality and Energy Monitoring in Sixteen Relocatable Classrooms Appendix Michael G. Apte, Bourassa Norman*, David Faulkner, Alfred T. Hodgson, Toshfumi Hotchi, Michael Spears, Douglas P. Sullivan, and Duo Wang 4 April 2008 A-1 Tables Table A-1. Thermal Comfort Results - May 2005, September 2005, November 2005 Room 13 - 9/19/2005 AM/PM Time Period Operative T and RH Acceptable (% of time) Operative T and RH, and Air Velocity acceptable (% of time) Average Indoor Air T (°C) Average Indoor Air RH (%) AM AM1 66.7 0.0 21.3 67.1 PM PM1 40.0 0.0 24.9 46.8 Room 13 - 5/16/2005 AM AM1 0.0 0.0 21.1 0.4 PM PM1 0.0 0.0 20.8 55.5 Room 13 - 12/1/2005 AM AM1 0.0% 0.0% 17.8 38.5

212

DOE JGI Quality Metrics; Approaches to Scaling and Improving Metagenome Assembly (Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop: 10K Genomes at a Time)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

DOE JGI's Alex Copeland on "DOE JGI Quality Metrics" and Michigan State University's C. Titus Brown on "Approaches to Scaling and Improving Metagenome Assembly" at the Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop held at the DOE JGI on October 12-13, 2011.

Copeland, Alex [DOE JGI]; Brown, C Titus [Michigan State University

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

213

HEALTH SCIENCES The School of Community Health Sciences is dedicated to improving the health and quality of life of people in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMMUNITY HEALTH SCIENCES School of HigHligHts The School of Community Health Sciences is dedicated to improving the health and quality of life of people in our communities, eliminating health disparities, and advancing the science of population health. Our field is a combination of many sciences: biology, social

Hemmers, Oliver

214

Microprocessors in rheological testing for increasing safety and quality in rubber and plastics production and processing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microprocessor control in off-line and on-line capillary rheometry leads to an extension of the range of application of these instruments. Furthermore, microprocessors also help to increase safety and quality ...

Dr. K.-H. Moos

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM APPROACH FOR PLAY PORTFOLIOS TO IMPROVE OIL PRODUCTION IN THE ILLINOIS BASIN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil and gas have been commercially produced in Illinois for over 100 years. Existing commercial production is from more than fifty-two named pay horizons in Paleozoic rocks ranging in age from Middle Ordovician to Pennsylvanian. Over 3.2 billion barrels of oil have been produced. Recent calculations indicate that remaining mobile resources in the Illinois Basin may be on the order of several billion barrels. Thus, large quantities of oil, potentially recoverable using current technology, remain in Illinois oil fields despite a century of development. Many opportunities for increased production may have been missed due to complex development histories, multiple stacked pays, and commingled production which makes thorough exploitation of pays and the application of secondary or improved/enhanced recovery strategies difficult. Access to data, and the techniques required to evaluate and manage large amounts of diverse data are major barriers to increased production of critical reserves in the Illinois Basin. These constraints are being alleviated by the development of a database access system using a Geographic Information System (GIS) approach for evaluation and identification of underdeveloped pays. The Illinois State Geological Survey has developed a methodology that is being used by industry to identify underdeveloped areas (UDAs) in and around petroleum reservoirs in Illinois using a GIS approach. This project utilizes a statewide oil and gas Oracle{reg_sign} database to develop a series of Oil and Gas Base Maps with well location symbols that are color-coded by producing horizon. Producing horizons are displayed as layers and can be selected as separate or combined layers that can be turned on and off. Map views can be customized to serve individual needs and page size maps can be printed. A core analysis database with over 168,000 entries has been compiled and assimilated into the ISGS Enterprise Oracle database. Maps of wells with core data have been generated. Data from over 1,700 Illinois waterflood units and waterflood areas have been entered into an Access{reg_sign} database. The waterflood area data has also been assimilated into the ISGS Oracle database for mapping and dissemination on the ArcIMS website. Formation depths for the Beech Creek Limestone, Ste. Genevieve Limestone and New Albany Shale in all of the oil producing region of Illinois have been calculated and entered into a digital database. Digital contoured structure maps have been constructed, edited and added to the ILoil website as map layers. This technology/methodology addresses the long-standing constraints related to information access and data management in Illinois by significantly simplifying the laborious process that industry presently must use to identify underdeveloped pay zones in Illinois.

Beverly Seyler; John Grube

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

216

Combined molten salt–Ni/Al2O3 as synergistic medium for high-quality syngas production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Proposed synergistic use of a combined medium of molten salt and Ni/Al2O3 (MS-Ni) was investigated for its enhancement of cellulose pyrolysis for high-quality syngas production. Clean renewable solar energy is to be stored at a high temperature in molten salt (MS) and provides the heat of pyrolysis. The MS-Ni medium could increase H2 yield by 3-folds while CO yield slightly increased by 15%, compared to the case of only MS medium. The peak rate of H2 production nearly quadrupled while the peak rate of CO production increased 2.5 times at about 150 and 80 K lower temperatures, respectively. The ratio of selectivity of syngas to undesired CH4 was nearly doubled. Arrhenius rate expressions for pseudo-first-order pyrolytic reaction are derived from the experimental data to give activation energies of 206 and 128 kJ mol?1 for the MS and the MS-Ni mediums, respectively. The experimental results clearly validated the role of MS-Ni as a synergistic medium for high-quality syngas production from cellulosic biomass pyrolysis.

Sakhon Ratchahat; Satoshi Kodama; Wiwut Tanthapanichakoon; Hidetoshi Sekiguchi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

DOE Order on Quality Assurance  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

INITIATED BY: INITIATED BY: www.directives.doe.gov Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy ORDER Washington, D.C. Approved: 4-25-2011 SUBJECT: QUALITY ASSURANCE 1. PURPOSE. a. To ensure that Department of Energy (DOE), including National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), products and services meet or exceed customers' requirements and expectations. b. To achieve quality for all work based upon the following principles: (1) All work, as defined in this Order, is conducted through an integrated and effective management system; (2) Management support for planning, organization, resources, direction, and control is essential to quality assurance (QA); (3) Performance and quality improvement require thorough, rigorous

218

Improving process performances in coal gasification for power and synfuel production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is aimed at developing process alternatives of conventional coal gasification. A number of possibilities are presented, simulated, and discussed in order to improve the process performances, to avoid the use of pure oxygen, and to reduce the overall CO{sub 2} emissions. The different process configurations considered include both power production, by means of an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant, and synfuel production, by means of Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis. The basic idea is to thermally couple a gasifier, fed with coal and steam, and a combustor where coal is burnt with air, thus overcoming the need of expensive pure oxygen as a feedstock. As a result, no or little nitrogen is present in the syngas produced by the gasifier; the required heat is transferred by using an inert solid as the carrier, which is circulated between the two modules. First, a thermodynamic study of the dual-bed gasification is carried out. Then a dual-bed gasification process is simulated by Aspen Plus, and the efficiency and overall CO{sub 2} emissions of the process are calculated and compared with a conventional gasification with oxygen. Eventually, the scheme with two reactors (gasifier-combustor) is coupled with an IGCC process. The simulation of this plant is compared with that of a conventional IGCC, where the gasifier is fed by high purity oxygen. According to the newly proposed configuration, the global plant efficiency increases by 27.9% and the CO{sub 2} emissions decrease by 21.8%, with respect to the performances of a conventional IGCC process. 29 refs., 7 figs., 5 tabs.

M. Sudiro; A. Bertucco; F. Ruggeri; M. Fontana [University of Padova, Milan (Italy). Italy and Foster Wheeler Italiana Spa

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Quality function development: a new paradigm for involving customers in product development process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The success of new products is determined particularly by the extent to which the producer succeeds in developing products that meet consumer demands. This implies that product development has to be fast in order to incorporate the latest trends in the product. Over the last few years an impressive body of research has accumulated on the topic of product development and the purpose of this article is to synthesise and to assess our understanding of involving users in the development process. In this paper, an attempt is made not only to analyse existing models of product development but also introduces an integrated concept and methodology to address these issues. The paper is composed of product development background, related literature review and list of steps for model development. The concepts presented in this paper are not yet widely practiced. Nevertheless, this work integrates several theories and practices into a useful framework.

J.R. Sharma; A.M. Rawani

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Quality Assurance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

QUALITY ASSURANCE IN THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DOE has established Quality Policy, Principles and Value Added Requirement Attributes that apply to all work and are focused on performance, customer expectations, and improvement. When properly implemented, the principles and requirements form a management system to plan, perform, assess, and improve work. The requirements are performance oriented and offer unlimited implementation flexibility.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Water Management Strategies for Improved Coalbed Methane Production in the Black Warrior Basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The modern coalbed methane industry was born in the Black Warrior Basin of Alabama and has to date produced more than 2.6 trillion cubic feet of gas and 1.6 billion barrels of water. The coalbed gas industry in this area is dependent on instream disposal of co-produced water, which ranges from nearly potable sodium-bicarbonate water to hypersaline sodium-chloride water. This study employed diverse analytical methods to characterize water chemistry in light of the regional geologic framework and to evaluate the full range of water management options for the Black Warrior coalbed methane industry. Results reveal strong interrelationships among regional geology, water chemistry, and gas chemistry. Coalbed methane is produced from multiple coal seams in Pennsylvanian-age strata of the Pottsville Coal Interval, in which water chemistry is influenced by a structurally controlled meteoric recharge area along the southeastern margin of the basin. The most important constituents of concern in the produced water include chlorides, ammonia compounds, and organic substances. Regional mapping and statistical analysis indicate that the concentrations of most ionic compounds, metallic substances, and nonmetallic substances correlate with total dissolved solids and chlorides. Gas is effectively produced at pipeline quality, and the only significant impurity is N{sub 2}. Geochemical analysis indicates that the gas is of mixed thermogenic-biogenic origin. Stable isotopic analysis of produced gas and calcite vein fills indicates that widespread late-stage microbial methanogenesis occurred primarily along a CO{sub 2} reduction metabolic pathway. Organic compounds in the produced water appear to have helped sustain microbial communities. Ammonia and ammonium levels increase with total dissolved solids content and appear to have played a role in late-stage microbial methanogenesis and the generation of N{sub 2}. Gas production tends to decline exponentially, whereas water production tends to decline hyperbolically. Hyperbolic decline indicates that water volume is of greatest concern early in the life of a coalbed methane project. Regional mapping indicates that gas production is controlled primarily by the ability to depressurize permeable coal seams that are natively within the steep part of the adsorption isotherm. Water production is greatest within the freshwater intrusion and below thick Cretaceous cover strata and is least in areas of underpressure. Water management strategies include instream disposal, which can be applied effectively in most parts of the basin. Deep disposal may be applicable locally, particularly where high salinity limits the ability to dispose into streams. Artificial wetlands show promise for the management of saline water, especially where the reservoir yield is limited. Beneficial use options include municipal water supply, agricultural use, and industrial use. The water may be of use to an inland shrimp farming industry, which is active around the southwestern coalbed methane fields. The best opportunities for beneficial use are reuse of water by the coalbed methane industry for drilling and hydraulic fracturing. This research has further highlighted opportunities for additional research on treatment efficiency, the origin of nitrogen compounds, organic geochemistry, biogenic gas generation, flow modeling, and computer simulation. Results of this study are being disseminated through a vigorous technology transfer program that includes web resources, numerous presentations to stakeholders, and a variety of technical publications.

Pashin, Jack; McIntyre-Redden, Marcella; Mann, Steven; Merkel, David

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

222

Potential Benefits from Improved Energy Efficiency of Key Electrical Products: The Case of India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LCC accounts for the electricity costs paid by the consumerProduct Additional Electricity Cost NPV Product Coststhe annual operating cost (electricity bill), and DR is the

McNeil, Michael; Iyer, Maithili; Meyers, Stephen; Letschert, Virginie; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Improving stroke care: Quality of care and health education in patients with a stroke or transient ischemic attack.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??abstractThis thesis focuses on the applicability of results of clinical trials of stroke and TIA patients in everyday practice and on measurement of quality of… (more)

E. Maasland (Lisette)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Indoor Air Quality Fact Sheet Poor indoor air quality comes from many sources. It can lead to suffering from lung  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and charcoal · Household products such as cleaners and pesticides How to Improve Indoor Air Quality · OpenIndoor Air Quality Fact Sheet Poor indoor air quality comes from many sources. It can lead Indoor Air Pollutants · Molds · Pollen · Dander from pet fur · Secondhand smoke · Formaldehyde · Fumes

225

Utilization of Sorghum in El Salvador: Grain, Flour and End-Product Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and roti, and rice-like products (i.e. horchata) (Murty 1995; Rooney 1991). Information on sorghum use in composite flours for bread has been found on literature regarding production of wheat (gluten) free breads (Taylor and 5 Dewar 2001). Sorghum... and roti, and rice-like products (i.e. horchata) (Murty 1995; Rooney 1991). Information on sorghum use in composite flours for bread has been found on literature regarding production of wheat (gluten) free breads (Taylor and 5 Dewar 2001). Sorghum...

Pinilla, Luz Eliana

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

226

Influence of coal quality factors on seam permeability associated with coalbed methane production.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Cleats are natural fractures in coal that serve as permeability avenues for darcy flow of gas and water to the well bore during production. Theoretically,… (more)

Wang, Xingjin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Improved measurement of neutral current coherent $\\pi^0$ production on carbon in a few-GeV neutrino beam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SciBooNE Collaboration reports a measurement of neutral current coherent neutral pion production on carbon by a muon neutrino beam with average energy 0.8 GeV. The separation of coherent from inclusive neutral pion production has been improved by detecting recoil protons from resonant neutral pion production. We measure the ratio of the neutral current coherent neutral pion production to total charged current cross sections to be (1.16 +/- 0.24) x 10-2. The ratio of charged current coherent pion to neutral current coherent pion production is calculated to be 0.14+0.30 -0.28, using our published charged current coherent pion measurement.

Kurimoto, Y.; /KEK, Tsukuba; Alcaraz-Aunion, J.L.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Brice, S.J.; /Fermilab; Bugel, L.; /MIT; Catala-Perez, J.; /Valencia U. /Valencia U., IFIC; Cheng, G.; /Columbia U.; Conrad, J.M.; /MIT; Djurcic, Z.; /Columbia U.; Dore, U.; /INFN, Rome; Finley, D.A.; /Fermilab; Franke, A.J.; /Columbia U. /INFN, Rome

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Evaluating oil quality and monitoring production from heavy oil reservoirs using geochemical methods: Application to the Boscan Field, Venezuela  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many oil fields worldwide contain heavy oil in one or more reservoir units. The low gravity of these oils is most frequently due to biodegradation and/or low maturity. The challenge is to find ways to economically recover this oil. Methods which reduce the operating costs of producing heavy oil add significant value to such projects. Geochemical techniques which use the composition of the reservoir fluids as natural tracers offer cost effective methods to assist with reservoir management. The low viscosity and gravity of heavy oil, combined with frequent high water cuts, low flow rates, and the presence of downhole artificial lift equipment, make many conventional production logging methods difficult to apply. Therefore, monitoring production, especially if the produced oil is commingled from multiple reservoirs, can be difficult. Geochemical methods can be used to identify oil/water contacts, tubing string leaks and to allocate production to individual zones from commingled production. An example of a giant heavy oil field where geochemical methods may be applicable is the Boscan Field in Venezuela. Low maturity oil, averaging 10{degrees} API gravity, is produced from the Eocene Upper and Lower Boscan (Miosa) Sands. Geochemical, stratigraphic and engineering data have helped to better define the controls on oil quality within the field, identified new reservoir compartments and defined unique characteristics of the Upper and Lower Boscan oils. This information can be used to identify existing wells in need of workovers due to mechanical problems and to monitor production from new infill wells.

Kaufman, R.L.; Noguera, V.H.; Bantz, D.M. [Chevron Overseas Petroleum, San Ramon, CA (United States); Rodriguez, R. [Maraven, S.A., Caracas (Venezuela)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

The mineral content of water as a variable in the quality control of reconstituted non-fat dry milk products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LibK?ARr '< A 4 M CuLLEftE ?F TEXAf. THE MINERAL CONTENT OF WATER AS A VARIABLE IN THE QUALITY CONTROL OF RECONSTITUTED NONFAT DRY MILK PRODUCTS By JOHN 0. KAPSAUS A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural...). This is the CO2 evolved in the milk, which has been reconstituted with the respective level of bicarbonate water, in the uninoculated tube. (E) CO2 produced from the action of the apparent milk acidity on the bicarbonate. This is the CO2 calculated from...

Kapsalis, John G.

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

230

Production of higher quality bio-oils by in-line esterification of pyrolysis vapor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure encompasses in-line reactive condensation processes via vapor phase esterification of bio-oil to decease reactive species concentration and water content in the oily phase of a two-phase oil, thereby increasing storage stability and heating value. Esterification of the bio-oil vapor occurs via the vapor phase contact and subsequent reaction of organic acids with ethanol during condensation results in the production of water and esters. The pyrolysis oil product can have an increased ester content and an increased stability when compared to a condensed pyrolysis oil product not treated with an atomized alcohol.

Hilten, Roger Norris; Das, Keshav; Kastner, James R; Bibens, Brian P

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

231

Production system improvement at a medical devices company : floor layout reduction and manpower analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to the low demand and the need to introduce other production lines in the floor, the medical devices company wants to optimize the utilization of space and manpower for the occlusion system product. This thesis shows ...

AlEisa, Abdulaziz A. (Abdulaziz Asaad)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Improving the Methane Production in the Co-Digestion of Microalgae and Cattle Manure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that biogas production increased when algae was added to the digester. The highest methane production in the control groups, containing only manure, digestion sludge, and newsprint was 48120 L, while the highest in the mixtures containing algae and pretreated...

Cantu, Matthew Scott

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

233

Communicating Knowledge: A Case Study for Improving Technician Productivity in the Telecom Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Organizational success is based on productivity. Productivity at the Mountainside Moonpies Corporation is currently in decline due to the swift advancement of telecommunication technology, an aging workforce, and minimal ...

Santos, Sonia M.

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

234

-Supporting Information-2 Patterned ion exchange membranes for improved power production in4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production in4 microbial reverse-electrodialysis cells5 6 Jia Liua , Geoffrey M. Geisea, b , Xi Luoc

235

Does Access to Finance Improve Productivity? Evidence from a Natural Experiment*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with rising crude oil prices and new ethanol subsidies, has created an exogenous shift in demand for U.S. corn and productivity at the county level. We exploit an exogenous shift in demand for a product to expose how producers level. We exploit an exogenous shift in demand for a product to expose how producers adapt

236

Division of Continuing Education Center for Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sigma Lean Six Sigma iSO 9001:2000 Lean buSineSS prOceSSeS imprOvement tOOLS StatiSticaL methOdS kepner improvement. Let us help you resolve difficult quality problems, increase productivity, implement quality program implementation as well as a full range of Lean Six Sigma and Six Sigma services. Our professional

Asaithambi, Asai

237

Creating Value Wood Products Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and an information dissemination plan. The program areas are Industrial Process Improvement, Environmental Assessment1 Creating Value for the Wood Products Industry Creating Value for the Wood Products Industry Louisiana Forest Products Development Center #12;2 Louisiana is blessed with quality timberland

238

Xylose utilizing zymomonas mobilis with improved ethanol production in biomass hydrolysate medium  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Xylose-utilizing, ethanol producing strains of Zymomonas mobilis with improved performance in medium comprising biomass hydrolysate were isolated using an adaptation process. Independently isolated strains were found to have independent mutations in the same coding region. Mutation in this coding may be engineered to confer the improved phenotype.

Caimi, Perry G; Hitz, William D; Stieglitz, Barry; Viitanen, Paul V

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

239

Xylose utilizing Zymomonas mobilis with improved ethanol production in biomass hydrolysate medium  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Xylose-utilizing, ethanol producing strains of Zymomonas mobilis with improved performance in medium comprising biomass hydrolysate were isolated using an adaptation process. Independently isolated strains were found to have independent mutations in the same coding region. Mutation in this coding may be engineered to confer the improved phenotype.

Caimi, Perry G; Hitz, William D; Viitanen, Paul V; Stieglitz, Barry

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

240

Effects of Microbial Litter Amendments on Broiler Performance, Litter Quality and Ammonia Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Ammonia Production in Poultry Litter Ammonia has been and continues to be a major issue within the poultry industry. Not only does NH3 have effects on farm management, it also plays a role in poultry health, which will be discussed in following...

Hinkle, Matthew

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Upper Middle Mainstem Columbia River Subbasin Water Quality Parameters Affected by Hydropower Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by Hydropower Production Total Dissolved Gas Total dissolved gas (TDG) supersaturation often occurs during periods of high runoff and spill at hydropower projects and can be harmful to fish. Supersaturation occurs of hydropower projects on Columbia River water temperature has been to delay the time when thermal maximums

242

Impact of Indoor Environment Improvement on Comfort and Productivity in a Chipboard Workplace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-147. [7]. Derek C. C, Li Baizhan. productivity and indoor environment [C]. Proceedings of Healthy Buildings. Espoo Finland: Vol.1, 1(2000): 629-634. ...

Li, Z.; Li, D.; Du, H.; Zhang, G.; Li, L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Alkali Pretreatment for Improvement of Biogas and Ethanol Production from Different Waste Parts of Pine Tree  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Among the untreated parts, the highest amount of biomethane production was obtained from needle leaves, which was 213 mL/(g·VS). ...

Peyman Salehian; Keikhosro Karimi

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

244

Office of Quality Assurance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quality Assurance Quality Assurance QUALITY ASSURANCE IN THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DOE has established Quality Policy, Principles and Value Added Requirement Attributes that apply to all work and are focused on performance, customer expectations, and improvement. When properly implemented, the principles and requirements form a management system to plan, perform, assess, and improve work. The requirements are performance oriented and offer unlimited implementation flexibility. The DOE quality management system moves beyond the traditional quality assurance requirements that had become narrowly focused on safety systems, paper, compliance, and inspections. The management system is designed to link with an organization's strategic plan to support mission achievement and the delivery of products and services. The Department's commitment to environment, safety, and health also relies, upon work being conducted within an effective management system. DOE line managers and contracting officers must understand these two fundamental purposes for the QA requirements and ensure the QA Order and rule are specified in each major contract (including those contracts using the Work Smart Standards process to satisfy DOE Acquisition regulation 48 CFR 970.5223-1).

245

The interrelationship between environmental goals, productivity improvement, and increased energy efficiency in integrated paper and steel plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of an investigation into the interrelationships between plant-level productivity, energy efficiency, and environmental improvements for integrated pulp and paper mills and integrated steel mills in the US. Integrated paper and steel plants are defined as those facilities that use some form of onsite raw material to produce final products (for example, paper and paperboard or finished steel). Fully integrated pulp and paper mills produce onsite the pulp used to manufacture paper from virgin wood fiber, secondary fiber, or nonwood fiber. Fully integrated steel mills process steel from coal, iron ore, and scrap inputs and have onsite coke oven facilities.

NONE

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Improving the Sustainability of Oak Woodland Forage and Productivity in San Diego County Through the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-November 2, 1990, Davis, California. 2 Farm Advisor, University of California Cooperative Extension, San, a key element for obtaining high production on these range areas, requires high energy and fossil fuel inputs for its commercial production (Green 1978). Since the energy crisis of 1973, and the Middle East

Standiford, Richard B.

247

Numerical Simulation Study to Investigate Expected Productivity Improvement Using the "Slot-Drill" Completion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to 3,000 years of production, allowing the assessment of production up to the point of depletion (or boundary-dominated flow). These scenarios provided insights into all the various flow regimes, as well as provided a quantitative evaluation of all...

Odunowo, Tioluwanimi Oluwagbemiga

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

248

Maintaining environmental quality while expanding biomass production: Sub-regional U.S. policy simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper evaluates environmental policy effects on ligno-cellulosic biomass production and environ- mental outcomes using an integrated bioeconomic optimization model. The environmental policy integrated climate (EPIC) model is used to simulate crop yields and environmental indicators in current and future potential bioenergy cropping systems based on weather, topographic and soil data. The crop yield and environmental outcome parameters from EPIC are combined with biomass transport costs and economic parameters in a representative farmer profit-maximizing mathematical optimization model. The model is used to predict the impact of alternative policies on biomass production and environmental outcomes. We find that without environmental policy, rising biomass prices initially trigger production of annual crop residues, resulting in increased greenhouse gas emissions, soil erosion, and nutrient losses to surface and ground water. At higher biomass prices, perennial bioenergy crops replace annual crop residues as biomass sources, resulting in lower environmental impacts. Simulations of three environmental policies namely a carbon price, a no-till area subsidy, and a fertilizer tax reveal that only the carbon price policy systematically mitigates environmental impacts. The fertilizer tax is ineffectual and too costly to farmers. The no-till subsidy is effective only at low biomass prices and is too costly to government.

Egbendewe-Mondzozo, Aklesso; Swinton, S.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Manowitz, David H.; Zhang, Xuesong

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Opportunities for Energy Efficiency Improvements in Oil Production in Kansas: A Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be made to operating oil wells in Kansas which could reduce their pumping costs. Preliminary results from four wells selected for a case study show that while technical modifications and/or improvements in existing wells generally reduce pumping costs...

Egbert, R. I.; King, J. E.

250

Policies for eliminating low-efficiency production capacities and improving energy efficiency of energy-intensive industries in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract China faced the greatest challenge in balancing its economic growth, energy and resource security as well as environmental pollution. The energy-intensive industries, which used to be the major force driving China?s economic growth, had seriously exhausted the countries? natural resources and energy, and at the same time polluted the environment because of the severe surplus of low-efficiency production capacities. As a result, the Chinese government had initiated multiple economic and administrative policies to eliminate these low-efficiency production capacities intended to improve the energy efficiency of energy-intensive industries. These policies are summarized in this paper, along with export tax rebating rate, resource tax, administrative audit and approvals, differential electric power pricing and shutting down the low-efficiency production capacities. The paper also evaluates the effects of these policies by analyzing several key indicators about the energy-intensive industries, including fixed asset investment growth rate, energy-intensity of industrial added-value, waste gas emission-intensity of industrial added-value. The VALDEX methodology is selected to examine the improving trends of energy-efficiency for energy-intensive industries. The analyzing results show that firstly the development of low-efficiency capacities tends to be more sensitive to the policies, so the policies that China had enacted really exert very important effects on improving the energy-efficiency of energy-intensive industries. However, the effects of economic policies seem more faster and obvious than the fiscal policies. Besides, the results also show that polices which are designed to reserve energy may not necessarily exert the same effects on reducing emissions. There is still large room for improving the energy efficiency of energy-intensive industries, substantial improvement still needs to be done for current policies’ system. Some suggestions for future work are provided.

Li Li; Jianjun Wang; Zhongfu Tan; Xinquan Ge; Jian Zhang; Xiaozhe Yun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Lee Gilman, FULD Fellow Cohort II Efficacious Interventions for the Management of Delirium is a quality improvement (QI) project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and external to healthcare settings can affect quality of care. With rising costs of health care, an aging population, and health reform, we must design systems to minimize opportunities for causing patient harm a Family Nurse Practitioner engaged in clinical care, health education, and health promotion

von der Heydt, Rüdiger

252

Exergy Analysis and Parametric Improvement of the Combined Production of Sugar, Ethanol, and Electricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over the last 500 years, the Brazilian sugarcane industry has evolved from a single product supplier (sugar producer) to an energy enterprise (sugar, alcohol and electricity). Different technological paths were d...

Silvio de Oliveira Jr.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Energy efficiency improvement and GHG abatement in the global production of primary aluminium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Primary aluminium production is a highly energy-intensive and greenhouse gas (GHG)-emitting process responsible for about 1 % of global GHG emissions. In 2009, the two most ... implementation of energy efficiency...

Katerina Kermeli; Peter-Hans ter Weer; Wina Crijns-Graus…

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Case studies in DSM : utilizing the Design Structure Matrix to improve New Product Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes a project that applies the Design Structure Matrix (DSM) in support of the Manufacturing Excellence (MX) program at Cisco Systems, Inc to reduce the cycle time of new product development initiatives ...

Go, Julie W

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Improvement of Automobile Production Market Competitive Power Based on Logistics Network Planning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To spare parts flow of automobile production is shown in Fig. 15.1 [6...]. Steel plate and roll material is by car transport to news workshop. Plates shall be ordered to spare parts and then use electric board tr...

Hai Jian Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

The effect of quality and reserves uncertainty to production scheduling of a lignite mine feeding a power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of uncertainty sources to the stochastic optimization of the combined project of a new surface lignite mine exploitation and power plant operation for electricity generation is investigated. Major sources of uncertainty that were considered are the reserves and the quality of the lignite. Since probability distribution functions for these uncertainties were estimated during the detailed exploration phase of the deposit, the overall goal is then to determine the optimal capacity of the power plant and consequently the optimal production rate of the mine over the time. The optimization objective that was selected is the maximization of the expected net present value of the project. Emphasis is placed on the mathematical analysis applied for the investigation of the effect of the two main parameters in project optimization.

Michael Galetakis; Christos Roumpos

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Improving a Pre-Combustion CCS Concept in Gas Turbine Combined Cycle for CHP Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes modifications to improve the feasibility of a pre-combustion CCS concept for a gas turbine combined cycle. A natural gas-fired greenfield combined heat and power (CHP) plant equipped with pre-combustion capture was used as a base case, for which various improvement options were identified, assessed and selected. The base case was modified using the selected improvement options, after which the investment costs were re-evaluated. The results showed that the investment cost can be reduced with 8% by excluding the pre-reformer and the low temperature water-gas-shift reactor from the reforming process. The exclusion of the pre-reformer did not affect the performance of the plant, but the exclusion of the low temperature water-gas-shift reactor led to higher CO2 emissions.

Marjut S. Suomalainen; Antti Arasto; Sebastian Teir; Sari Siitonen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Research on Buildings General Quality of Insulation, Especially with Respect to Developing and Improving Methods of Post Insulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Urea formaldehyde foam for cavity walls insulation has been investigated due to thermal conductivity...3.... There is doubt about the number of companies and of products in Denmark, that are able to observe this ...

N. H. Bertelsen; G. C. Larsen; T. Nielsen; A. D. Olsen

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Quality Assurance  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order defines roles and responsibilities for providing quality assurance for DOE products and services. Cancels DOE O 414.1C. Admin Chg 1, dated 5-8-13, cancels DOE O 414.1D.

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

260

Quality Assurance  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Order ensures that the quality of DOE/NNSA products and services meets or exceeds the customers' expectations. Cancels DOE O 414.1B and DOE N 411.1. Canceled by DOE O 414.1D.

2005-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Office of Quality Assurance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Quality Assurance establishes and maintains the quality assurance (QA) policies, requirements and guidance for the Department and serves as DOE's corporate resource to ensure that products and services meet or exceed the Department’s quality objectives.

262

Habitat Quality and Anadromous Fish Production on the Warm Springs Reservation. Final Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The number of anadromous fish returning to the Columbia River and its tributaries has declined sharply in recent years. Changes in their freshwater, estuarine, and ocean environments and harvest have all contributed to declining runs of anadromous fish. Restoration of aquatic resources is of paramount importance to the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs (CTWS) Reservation of Oregon. Watersheds on the Warm Springs Reservation provide spawning and rearing habitat for several indigenous species of resident and anadromous fish. These streams are the only ones in the Deschutes River basin that still sustain runs of wild spring chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus, tshawytscha. Historically, reservation streams supplied over 169 km of anadromous fish habitat. Because of changes in flows, there are now only 128 km of habitat that can be used on the reservation. In 1981, the CTWS began a long-range, 3-phase study of existing and potential fish resources on the reservation. The project, consistent with the Northwest Power Planning Council`s Fish and Wildlife Program, was designed to increase the natural production of anadromous salmonids on the reservation.

Fritsch, Mark A.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Well-productivity improvement by use of rapid overpressured perforation extension: Case history  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes an overbalance perforating and surging technique used as a pretreatment to hydraulic fracturing of the Romeo interval at Prudhoe Bay. Operation conditions, surface and bottomhole pressure (BHP) measurements, and modeling results are presented and discussed. Well productivity and the amount of proppant placed are compared with results in offset wells where the technique was not used.

Coueet, B.; Petitjean, L.M. [Schlumberger-Doll Research, Ridgefield, CT (United States); Abel, J.C.; Schmidt, J.H.; Ferguson, K.R.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Minimal RED Cell Pairs Markedly Improve Electrode Kinetics and Power Production in Microbial Reverse Electrodialysis Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reverse Electrodialysis Cells Roland D. Cusick,,§ Marta Hatzell, Fang Zhang, and Bruce E. Logan ABSTRACT: Power production from microbial reverse electrodialysis cell (MRC) electrodes is substantially electrodes used in a microbial fuel cell (MFC) are placed on each side of a reverse electrodialysis (RED

265

Engagement with Social Media Platforms via Mobile Apps for Improving Quality of Personal Health Management: A Healthcare Analytics Case Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Patient engagement in self health and wellness management has been identified as an important goal in improving health outcomes. As a result, the use of mobile and social media for health and wellness promotion is gathering considerable momentum. Several ... Keywords: Consumer Segmentation, Health Plan, Health and Wellness Management, Mobile Apps, Predictive Models, Social Media

Sinjini Mitra, Rema Padman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Forecasting future oil production in Norway and the UK: a general improved methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new Monte-Carlo methodology to forecast the crude oil production of Norway and the U.K. based on a two-step process, (i) the nonlinear extrapolation of the current/past performances of individual oil fields and (ii) a stochastic model of the frequency of future oil field discoveries. Compared with the standard methodology that tends to underestimate remaining oil reserves, our method gives a better description of future oil production, as validated by our back-tests starting in 2008. Specifically, we predict remaining reserves extractable until 2030 to be 188 +/- 10 million barrels for Norway and 98 +/- 10 million barrels for the UK, which are respectively 45% and 66% above the predictions using the standard methodology.

Fievet, Lucas; Cauwels, Peter; Sornette, Didier

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Establishment of an Industry-Driven Consortium Focused on Improving the Production Performance of Domestic Stripper Wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pennsylvania State University, under contract to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) established a national industry-driven Stripper Well Consortium (SWC) that is focused on improving the production performance of domestic petroleum and/or natural gas stripper wells. The consortium creates a partnership with the U.S. petroleum and natural gas industries and trade associations, state funding agencies, academia, and the National Energy Technology Laboratory. This report serves as the eighth quarterly technical progress report for the SWC. Key activities for this reporting period include: (1) Organize and host the 2006 Spring Meeting in State College, PA to review and select projects for SWC co-funding; (2) Participation in the 2006 PA CleanEnergy Expo Energy Theater to air the DVD on ''Independent Oil: Rediscovering American's Forgotten Wells''; (3) New member additions; (4) Improving communications; and (5) Planning of the fall technology meetings.

Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Establishment of an Industry-Driven Consortium Focused on Improving the Production Performance of Domestic Stripper Wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pennsylvania State University, under contract to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has established a national industry-driven Stripper Well Consortium (SWC) that is focused on improving the production performance of domestic petroleum and/or natural gas stripper wells. The consortium creates a partnership with the U.S. petroleum and natural gas industries and trade associations, state funding agencies, academia, and the National Energy Technology Laboratory. This report serves as the seventh quarterly technical progress report for the SWC. Key activities for this reporting period include: (1) Nomination and election of the Executive Council members for the 2006-07 term, (2) Finalize and release the 2006 Request for Proposals (RFP), (3) Invoice and recruit members, (4) Plan for the spring meeting, (5) Improving communication efforts, and (6) Continue distribution of the DVD entitled: ''Independent Oil: Rediscovering American's Forgotten Wells''.

Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

269

Lachancea thermotolerans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in simultaneous and sequential co-fermentation: A strategy to enhance acidity and improve the overall quality of wine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the last few years there is an increasing interest on the use of mixed fermentation of Saccharomyces and non-Saccharomyces wine yeasts for inoculation of wine fermentations to enhance the quality and improve complexity of wines. In the present work Lachancea (Kluyveromyces) thermotolerans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were evaluated in simultaneous and sequential fermentation with the aim to enhance acidity and improve the quality of wine. In this specific pairing of yeast strains in mixed fermentations (S. cerevisiae EC1118 and L. thermotolerans 101), this non-Saccharomyces yeast showed a high level of competitiveness. Nevertheless the S. cerevisiae strain dominated the fermentation over the spontaneous S. cerevisiae strains also under the industrial fermentation conditions. The different condition tested (modalities of inoculum, temperature of fermentation, different grape juice) influenced the specific interactions and the fermentation behaviour of the co-culture of S. cerevisiae and L. thermotolerans. However, some metabolic behaviours such as pH reduction and enhancement of 2-phenylethanol and glycerol, were shown here under all of the conditions tested. The specific chemical profiles of these wines were confirmed by the sensory analysis test, which expressed these results at the tasting level as significant increases in the spicy notes and in terms of total acidity increases.

Mirko Gobbi; Francesca Comitini; Paola Domizio; Cristina Romani; Livio Lencioni; Ilaria Mannazzu; Maurizio Ciani

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Development and testing of improved heat transfer media for regenerative thermal oxidizers in the wood products industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently regenerative thermal oxidizers (RTOs) have been used to control gaseous hydrocarbon air pollutant emissions from wood products plants. Two major problems related to the ceramic saddle heat transfer matrix in conventional RTOs have been encountered, cold face fouling and breakdown of the ceramic matrix. A structured packing heat transfer media having straight airflow passages of constant cross section was developed to remedy these problems. Results of pilot scale testing has shown that the structured packing is resistant to cold face fouling and breakdown of the ceramic matrix. In addition, in a full scale retrofit application, improvements in pollutant reduction effectiveness and operating efficiency were measured. 5 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Klobucar, J.M. [Duerr Industries, Inc., Plymouth, MI (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

271

A Total Quality Management (TQM) Approach for Energy Savings Through Employee Awareness and Building Upgrades to Improve Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A TOTAL QUALIn' MANAGEMENT (TQM) APPROACH FOR ENERGY SAVINGS THROUGH EMPLOYEE AWARENESS AND BUILDING UPGRADES TO IMPROVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY Daniel H. Stewart, Principal Engineer, Facilities Department, Rh6oe-Poulenc. Inc., Cranbury, NJ...) approach depends on the input from the end-users, clients, employees, power companies, various consultants and site operation management. This paper discusses the energy efficiency projects that are currently in progress at Rhone Poulenc's Corporate...

Stewart, D. H.

272

The fuzzy inference system approach to a multi-performance characteristic index for surface quality improvement in CNC end milling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Utility embedded fuzzy approach has been adopted for multiple surface quality optimisation of 6061 T4 Aluminium in CNC end milling operation. The purpose is to evaluate the most favourable process environment consisting of selected process parameters viz. spindle speed, feed and depth of cut in order to satisfy multiple requirements of surface integrity. Various surface roughness parameters have been taken into account with a focus to minimise all of them simultaneously. Utility concept has been adopted to convert individual surface roughness parameters into corresponding utility value which have been fed to a fuzzy inference system to obtain a multi-performance characteristic index (MPCI). MPCI has been optimised finally using Taguchi method. Detailed methodology of the proposed approach has been presented with an illustrative example followed by satisfactory result of confirmatory test.

Saurav Datta; Siba Sankar Mahapatra; Bharat Chandra Routara; Asish Bandyopadhyay

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

DEVELOPMENT OF IMPROVED ANAEROBIC GROWTH OF BACILLUS MOJAVENSIS STRAIN JF-2 FOR THE PURPOSE OF IMPROVED ANAEROBIC BIOSURFACTANT PRODUCTION FOR ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our work focuses on the use of microorganisms to recover petroleum hydrocarbons that remain entrapped after current recovery technologies reach their economic limit. Capillary forces between the hydrocarbon and aqueous phases are largely responsible for trapping the hydrocarbons in the pores of the rock and large reductions in the interfacial tension between the hydrocarbon and aqueous phases are needed for hydrocarbon mobilization (1-3, 10, 11). Microorganisms produce a variety of biosurfactants (4), several of which generate the ultra low interfacial tensions needed for hydrocarbon mobilization (4, 5, 8). In particular, the lipopeptide biosurfactant produced by Bacillus mojavensis strain JF-2 reduces the interfacial tension between hydrocarbon and aqueous phases to very low levels (<0.016 mN/m) (8) (9). B. mojavensis JF-2 grows under the environmental conditions found in many oil reservoirs, i. e., anaerobic, NaCl concentrations up to 80 g l{sup -1}, and temperatures up to 45 C (6, 7), making it ideally suited for in situ applications. However, anaerobic growth of B. mojavensis JF-2 was inconsistent and difficult to replicate, which limited its use for in situ applications. Our initial studies revealed that enzymatic digests, such as Proteose Peptone, were required for anaerobic growth of Bacillus mojavensis JF-2. Subsequent purification of the growth-enhancing factor in Proteose Peptone resulted in the identification of the growth-enhancing factor as DNA or deoxyribonucleosides. The addition of salmon sperm DNA, herring sperm DNA, E. coli DNA or synthetic DNA (single or double stranded) to Medium E all supported anaerobic growth of JF-2. Further, we found that JF-2 required all four deoxyribonucleosides (deoxyadeonosine, deoxyguanosine, deoxycytidine and thymidine) for growth under strict anaerobic conditions. The requirement for the deoxyribonucleosides did not occur under aerobic growth conditions. DNA was not used as a sole energy source; sucrose was required for anaerobic growth and biosurfactant production in DNA-supplemented Medium E. In addition to DNA or deoxyribonucleosides, nitrate, amino acids and vitamins were all required for anaerobic growth of JF-2. Bacillus mojavensisT (ABO21191), Bacillus mojavensis, strain ROB2 also required DNA or deoxyribonucleosides for anaerobic growth. The improved anaerobic growth of Bacillus mojavensis JF-2 was a prerequisite for studies that will lead to improved anaerobic biosurfactant production.

M.J. McInerney; M. Folmsbee; D. Nagle

2004-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

274

The use of production records as a method for improving the reproductive performance of Rambouillet sheep  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for ewes, rams and lambs were developed. Adjustment factors were derived to correct 120-day lamb weights for the effects of age of dam and lamb sex and birth-rearing type. The data were also utilized to charac- terize the relation of environmental... factors to lamb and wool production. The breeder of the ewe and the ewe's age and breeding weight had important (P&. 001) effects on prolificacy and fertility. Livability was only significantly (P&. 001) affected by the breeder. The ewe's own birth type...

Lewis, Ronald Martin

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Well productivity improvement using extreme overbalanced perforating and surging-case history  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes overbalanced perforating and surging operations as a pretreatment to hydraulic fracturing for the Romeo interval at Prudhoe Bay. Operation conditions are presented and discussed, as well as surface and bottomhole pressure measurements. Well productivity and the amount of proppant placed are compared to results in offset wells where the technique was not applied. The paper shows how the use of the technique allows placement of small, highly conductive fractures in intervals that were not previously considered fracturing candidates due to the close proximity to the gas/oil contact (GOC). The paper also shows pressure transient analysis affirming the technique as a stand-alone stimulation. It is shown that the use of extreme overbalanced perforating and surging treatments prior to hydraulic fracturing produces a substantial increase both in the success rate and the efficiency of the hydraulic fracturing operation and in the production rate of the wells that are pretreated. Finally, a comparison between pressure data and a new radial fracture propagation model shows a good match. The model demonstrates that high-energy treatment can significantly increase the extension and the height of the fracture; this was corroborated by downhole pressure measurements recorded during one overbalance treatment and by well logs.

Petitjean, L.; Coueet, B.; Abel, J.C. [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

276

The use of different nutritional strategies and mathematical models to improve production efficiency, profitability, and carcass quality of feedlot cattle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................. 6 Insulin................................................................................................ 8 Sensitivity and resistance of tissues to insulin .................................. 11... ............................................................................................ 16 Introduction ........................................................................................ 17 Material and methods...

de Vasconcelos, Judson Tadeu

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

277

Journal of Wine Economics, Volume 4, Issue 1, Spring 2009, Pages 65-83 Wine Taxes, Production, Aging and Quality*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the impact of taxes on the quantity and quality produced by a competitive firm of goods, such as wine retail tax collected at sale increases quality, so that the basic Alchian- Allen effect holds. However, an increase in the volumetric storage tax collected each period de- creases quality, as does an increase

LaFrance, Jeffrey T.

278

Experimental co-digestion of corn stalk and vermicompost to improve biogas production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Anaerobic co-digestion of corn stalk and vermicompost (VC) as well as mono-digestion of corn stalk were investigated. Batch mono-digestion experiments were performed at 35 {+-} 1 {sup o}C and initial total solid loading (TSL) ranged from 1.2% to 6.0%. Batch co-digestion experiments were performed at 35 {+-} 1 {sup o}C and initial TSL of 6% with VC proportions ranged from 20% to 80% of total solid (TS). For mono-digestion of corn stalk, a maximum methane yield of 217.60 {+-} 13.87 mL/g TS{sub added} was obtained at initial TSL of 4.8%, and acidification was found at initial TSL of 6.0% with the lowest pH value of 5.10 on day 4. Co-digestion improved the methane yields by 4.42-58.61% via enhancing volatile fatty acids (VFAs) concentration and pH value compared with mono-digestion of corn stalk. The maximum biogas yield of 410.30 {+-} 11.01 mL/g TS{sub added} and methane yield of 259.35 {+-} 13.85 mL/g TS{sub added} were obtained for 40% VC addition. Structure analysis by X-ray diffractometry (XRD) showed that the lowest crystallinity of 35.04 of digested corn stalk was obtained from co-digestion with 40% VC, which decreased 29.4% compared to 49.6 obtained from un-treated corn stalk. It is concluded that co-digestion with VC is beneficial for improving biodigestibility and methane yield from corn stalk.

Chen Guangyin [State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Zheng Zheng, E-mail: zzhenghj@fudan.edu.c [State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Yang Shiguan [National Engineering Laboratory of Biomass Power Generation Equipment, School of Renewable Energy, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Fang Caixia; Zou Xingxing; Luo Yan [State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

The relationship among transformational leadership, organizational outcomes, and service quality in the five major NCAA conferences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

................................................................. 59 Implications for the Sport Management Field................................ 60 Future Research Recommendations ............................................... 61 Conclusion..., they recognize that service quality and productivity meet on the same stage (Milakovich, 1993). In addition, Milakovich looked at leadership style as one of the significant factors having an influence on high service quality and productivity improvement...

Choi, Jin ho

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

280

Managing Warm-season Improved Pastures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. However, west of a line from Corpus Christi through San Antonio to Fort Worth, rainfall is greatly reduced year round and spring calving is preferred. The rainfall pattern in this area corresponds to for- age production as shown in Fig. 1. Spring calving... season corresponds to better forage quality and quantity in native rangeland and improved pastures. Because improved small grain pastures must be irrigated in many areas of west Texas, the cost of producing improved winter forages for cow-calf op...

Stichler, Charles; Prostko, Eric P.; Livingston, Stephen

1998-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Technology-driven roadmaps for identifying new product/market opportunities: Use of text mining and quality function deployment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A technology roadmap (TRM), an approach that is applied to the development of an emerging technology to meet business goals, is one of the most frequently adopted tools to support the process of technology innovation. Although many studies have dealt with \\{TRMs\\} that are designed primarily for a market-driven technology planning process, a technology-driven TRM is far less researched than a market-driven one. Furthermore, approaches to a technology-driven roadmap using quantitative technological information have rarely been studied. Thus, the aim of this research is to propose a new methodological framework to identify both profitable markets and promising product concepts based on technology information. This study suggests two quality function deployment (QFD) matrices to draw up the TRM in order to find new business opportunities. A case study is presented to illustrate the proposed approach using patents on the solar-lighting devices, which is catching on as a high-tech way to prevent environmental pollution and reduce fuel costs.

Gyungmi Jin; Yujin Jeong; Byungun Yoon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Knowledge Transfer Partnerships is Europe's leading programme helping businesses to improve their competitiveness and productivity through the better use of knowledge,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Knowledge Transfer Partnerships is Europe's leading programme helping businesses to improve their competitiveness and productivity through the better use of knowledge, technology and skills that reside within the UK knowledge base. A Technology Strategy Board programme Accelerating Business Innovation #12

Molinari, Marc

283

Improved volatile fatty acid and biomethane production from lipid removed microalgal residue (LR?AR) through pretreatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Renewable energy from lipid removed microalgal residues (LR?ARs) serves as a promising tool for sustainable development of the microalgal biodiesel industry. Hence, in this study, LR?AR from Ettlia sp. was characterized for its physico-biochemical parameters, and applied to various pretreatment to increase the biodegradability and used in batch experiments for the production of volatile fatty acids (VFA) and biomethane. After various pretreatments, the soluble organic matters were increased at a maximum of 82% in total organic matters in alkali-autoclaved sample. In addition, VFA and methane production was enhanced by 30% and 40% in alkali-sonicated and alkali-autoclaved samples, respectively. Methane heating value was recovered at maximum of 6.6 MJ kg?1 VS in alkali-autoclaved conditions with comparison to non-pretreated samples. The pretreatment remarkably improved LR?AR solubilization and enhanced VFA and biomethane production, which holds immense potential to eventually reduce the cost of algal biodiesel.

Arumuganainar Suresh; Charles Seo; Ho Nam Chang; Yeu-Chun Kim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Solid Fuel - Oxygen Fired Combustion for Production of Nodular Reduced Iron to Reduce CO2 Emissions and Improve Energy Efficiencies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current trend in the steel industry is an increase in iron and steel produced in electric arc furnaces (EAF) and a gradual decline in conventional steelmaking from taconite pellets in blast furnaces. In order to expand the opportunities for the existing iron ore mines beyond their blast furnace customer base, a new material is needed to satisfy the market demands of the emerging steel industry while utilizing the existing infrastructure and materials handling capabilities. This demand creates opportunity to convert iron ore or other iron bearing materials to Nodular Reduced Iron (NRI) in a recently designed Linear Hearth Furnace (LHF). NRI is a metallized iron product containing 98.5 to 96.0% iron and 2.5 to 4% C. It is essentially a scrap substitute with little impurity that can be utilized in a variety of steelmaking processes, especially the electric arc furnace. The objective of this project was to focus on reducing the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) through reducing the energy intensity using specialized combustion systems, increasing production and the use of biomass derived carbon sources in this process. This research examined the use of a solid fuel-oxygen fired combustion system and compared the results from this system with both oxygen-fuel and air-fuel combustion systems. The solid pulverized fuels tested included various coals and a bio-coal produced from woody biomass in a specially constructed pilot scale torrefaction reactor at the Coleraine Minerals Research Laboratory (CMRL). In addition to combustion, the application of bio-coal was also tested as a means to produce a reducing atmosphere during key points in the fusion process, and as a reducing agent for ore conversion to metallic iron to capture the advantage of its inherent reduced carbon footprint. The results from this study indicate that the approaches taken can reduce both greenhouse gas emissions and the associated energy intensity with the Linear Hearth Furnace process for converting iron ore to metallic iron nodules. Various types of coals including a bio-coal produced though torrefaction can result in production of NRI at reduced GHG levels. The process results coupled with earlier already reported developments indicate that this process technique should be evaluated at the next level in order to develop parameter information for full scale process design. Implementation of the process to full commercialization will require a full cost production analysis and comparison to other reduction technologies and iron production alternatives. The technical results verify that high quality NRI can be produced under various operating conditions at the pilot level.

Donald R. Fosnacht; Richard F. Kiesel; David W. Hendrickson; David J. Englund; Iwao Iwasaki; Rodney L. Bleifuss; Mathew A. Mlinar

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

285

APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

2001-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

286

APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

2001-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

287

APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

Raj Kumar; Keith Brown; T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

2000-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

288

APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

2001-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

289

APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

T. Scott Hickman

2003-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

290

Modified laser-annealing process for improving the quality of electrical P-N junctions and devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a process for producing improved electrical-junction devices. The invention is applicable, for example, to a process in which a light-sensitive electrical-junction device is produced by (1) providing a body of crystalline semiconductor material having a doped surface layer, (2) irradiating the layer with at least one laser pulse to effect melting of the layer, (3) permitting recrystallization of the melted layer, and (4) providing the resulting body with electrical contacts. In accordance with the invention, the fill-factor and open-circuit-voltage parameters of the device are increased by conducting the irradiation with the substrate as a whole at a selected elevated temperature, the temperature being selected to effect a reduction in the rate of the recrystallization but insufficient to effect substantial migration of impurities within the body. In the case of doped silicon substrates, the substrate may be heated to a temperature in the range of from about 200.degree. C. to 500.degree. C.

Wood, Richard F. (Oak Ridge, TN); Young, Rosa T. (Farragut, TN)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Nuclear Safety: Software Quality Assurance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nuclear Safety: Software Quality Assurance Nuclear Safety: Software Quality Assurance cd Welcome to the Department of Energy's Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) Software Quality Assurance (SQA) homepage. The purpose of this Web site is to promote continuous improvement and the sharing of knowledge of safety software quality assurance among interested parties across the DOE complex. It consolidates information and contains links to subject matter experts, procedures, training material, program descriptions, good practices, lessons learned and the Central Registry Toolbox Codes. The Portal also provides capabilities for member collaboration in product development and threaded discussions. Central Registry: The Central Registry provides a library of DOE "Toolbox" Codes covering site boundary accident dose consequences, fire accident source terms, leakpath factors, chemical release/dispersion and consequence, and radiological dispersion and consequence.

292

ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INDUSTRY-DRIVEN CONSORTIUM FOCUSED ON IMPROVING THE PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF DOMESTIC STRIPPER WELLS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pennsylvania State University, under contract to the U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory will establish, promote, and manage a national industry-driven Stripper Well Consortium (SWC) that will be focused on improving the production performance of domestic petroleum and/or natural gas stripper wells. The consortium creates a partnership with the U.S. petroleum and natural gas industries and trade associations, state funding agencies, academia, and the National Energy Technology Laboratory. This report serves as the first quarterly technical progress report for the SWC. Key activities for this reporting period include: (1) hosting the SWC spring proposal meeting in Golden Colorado, (2) planning of the upcoming SWC fall technology transfer meetings, and (3) recruiting the SWC base membership.

Joel L. Morrison

2004-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

293

ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INDUSTRY-DRIVEN CONSORTIUM FOCUSED ON IMPROVING THE PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF DOMESTIC STRIPPER WELLS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pennsylvania State University, under contract to the U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory will establish, promote, and manage a national industry-driven Stripper Well Consortium (SWC) that will be focused on improving the production performance of domestic petroleum and/or natural gas stripper wells. The consortium creates a partnership with the U.S. petroleum and natural gas industries and trade associations, state funding agencies, academia, and the National Energy Technology Laboratory. This report serves as the fifteenth quarterly technical progress report for the SWC. Key activities for this reporting period include: (1) hosting the SWC spring proposal meeting in Golden Colorado, (2) planning of the upcoming SWC fall technology transfer meetings, and (3) recruiting the SWC base membership.

Joel L. Morrison

2004-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

294

ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INDUSTRY-DRIVEN CONSORTIUM FOCUSED ON IMPROVING THE PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF DOMESTIC STRIPPER WELLS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pennsylvania State University, under contract to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), will establish, promote, and manage a national industry-driven Stripper Well Consortium (SWC) that will be focused on improving the production performance of domestic petroleum and/or natural gas stripper wells. The consortium creates a partnership with the U.S. petroleum and natural gas industries and trade associations, state funding agencies, academia, and the National Energy Technology Laboratory. This report serves as the eighth quarterly technical progress report for the SWC. Key activities for this reporting period include: (1) issuing subcontracts, (2) SWC membership class expansion, (3) planning SWC technology transfer meetings, and (4) extending selected 2001 project periods of performance. In addition, a literature search that focuses on the use of lasers, microwaves, and acoustics for potential stripper well applications continued.

Joel L. Morrison

2002-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

295

ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INDUSTRY-DRIVEN CONSORTIUM FOCUSED ON IMPROVING THE PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF DOMESTIC STRIPPER WELLS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pennsylvania State University, under contract to the U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory will establish, promote, and manage a national industry-driven Stripper Well Consortium (SWC) that will be focused on improving the production performance of domestic petroleum and/or natural gas stripper wells. The consortium creates a partnership with the U.S. petroleum and natural gas industries and trade associations, state funding agencies, academia, and the National Energy Technology Laboratory. This report serves as the ninth quarterly technical progress report for the SWC. Key activities for this reporting period include: (1) organizing and hosting two fall technology transfer meetings, (2) SWC membership class expansion, and (3) planning the SWC 2003 Spring meeting. In addition, a literature search that focuses on the use of lasers, microwaves, and acoustics for potential stripper well applications continued.

Joel L. Morrison

2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

296

Characterization of high quality InN grown on production-style plasma assisted molecular beam epitaxy system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, the authors report step-flow growth mode of InN on [0001] oriented GaN templates, using a production-style molecular beam epitaxy system, Veeco GEN200 registered , equipped with a plasma source. Using adaptive growth conditions, they have obtained a surface morphology that exhibits the step-flow features. The root mean squared roughness over an area of 5x5 {mu}m{sup 2} is 1.4 nm with monolayer height terrace steps (0.281 nm), based on atomic force microscopy. It has been found that the presence of In droplets leads to defective surface morphology. From x-ray diffraction, they estimate edge and screw dislocation densities. The former is dominant over the latter. Micro-Raman spectra reveal narrow E{sub 2}{sup 2} phonon lines consistent with excellent crystalline quality of the epitaxial layers. The Hall mobility of 1 {mu}m thick InN layers, grown in step-flow mode, is slightly higher than 1400 cm{sup 2}/V s, while for other growth conditions yielding a smooth surface with no well-defined steps, mobility as high as 1904 cm{sup 2}/V s at room temperature has been measured. The samples exhibit high intensity photoluminescence (PL) with a corresponding band edge that shifts with free carrier concentration. For the lowest carrier concentration of 5.6x10{sup 17} cm{sup -3}, they observe PL emission at {approx}0.64 eV.

Gherasoiu, I.; O'Steen, M.; Bird, T.; Gotthold, D.; Chandolu, A.; Song, D. Y.; Xu, S. X.; Holtz, M.; Nikishin, S. A.; Schaff, W. J. [Veeco Instruments Inc., MBE Operations, 4900 Constellation Drive, St. Paul, Minnesota 55127 (United States); Nano Tech Center, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14583 (United States)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

297

Productivity Techniques and Quality Aspects in the Criticality Safety Evaluation of Y-12 Type-B Fissile Material Packages  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The inventory of certified Type-B fissile material packages consists of ten performance-based packages for offsite transportation purposes, serving transportation programs at the Y-12 National Security Complex. The containment vessels range from 5 to 19 in. in diameter and from 17 to 58 in. in height. The drum assembly external to the containment vessel ranges from 18 to 34 in. in diameter and from 26 to 71 in. in height. The weight of the packaging (drum assembly and containment vessel) ranges from 239 to 1550 lb. The older DT-nn series of Cellotex-based packages are being phased-out and replaced by a new generation of Kaolite-based ('Y-12 patented insulation') packages capable of withstanding the dynamic crush test 10 CFR 71.73(c)(2). Three replacement packages are in various stages of development; two are in use. The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) 6M specification package, which does not conform to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission requirements for Type-B packages, is no longer authorized for service on public roads. The ES-3100 shipping package is an example of a Kaolite-based Type-B fissile material package developed as a replacement package for the DOT 6M. With expanded utility, the ES-3100 is designed and licensed for transporting highly enriched uranium and plutonium materials on public roads. The ES-3100 provides added capability for air transport of up to 7-kg quantities of uranium material. This paper presents the productivity techniques and quality aspects in the criticality safety evaluation of Y-12 packages using the ES-3100 as an example.

DeClue, J. F.

2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

298

Improving beam spectral and spatial quality by double-foil target in laser ion acceleration for ion-driven fast ignition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mid-Z ion driven fast ignition inertial fusion requires ion beams of 100s of MeV energy and < 10% energy spread. An overdense run-scale foil target driven by a high intensity laser pulse can produce an ion beam that has attractive properties for this application. The Break Out Afterburner (BOA) is one laser-ion acceleration mechanism proposed to generate such beams, however the late stages of the BOA tend to produce too large of an energy spread. The spectral and spatial qualities of the beam quickly evolve as the ion beam and co-moving electrons continue to interact with the laser. Here we show how use of a second target foil placed behind a nm-scale foil can substantially reduce the temperature of the co-moving electrons and improve the ion beam energy spread. Particle-In-Cell simulations reveal the dynamics of the ion beam under control. Optimal conditions for improving the spectral and spatial spread of the ion beam is explored for current laser and target parameters, leading to generation of ion beams of energy 100s of MeV and 6% energy spread, a vital step for realizing ion-driven fast ignition.

Huang, Chenkun [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Albright, Brian J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Establishment of an Industry-Driven Consortium Focused on Improving the Production Performance of Domestic Stripper Wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pennsylvania State University, under contract to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) established a national industry-driven Stripper Well Consortium (SWC) that is focused on improving the production performance of domestic petroleum and/or natural gas stripper wells. The consortium creates a partnership with the U.S. petroleum and natural gas producers, trade associations, state funding agencies, academia, and the National Energy Technology Laboratory. This report serves as the ninth quarterly technical progress report for the SWC. Key activities for this reporting period include: (1) Develop and process subcontract awards for the nine projects selected at the 2006 Spring meeting; (2) Continue distribution of the DVD on ''Independent Oil: Rediscovering American's Forgotten Wells''; (3) Improving communications; (4) New member recruitment; (5) Identify SWC projects to be showcased for booth exhibition, preparing an exhibit, promoting and marketing for the 2006 Oklahoma Oil and Gas Trade Expo organized by the OK Marginal Well Commission, Oklahoma City, OK; and (6) Identify projects and draft agenda for the fall technical workshop in Pittsburgh, PA.

Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

300

Final Report on the Development of an Improved Cloud Microphysical Product for Model and Remote Sensing Evaluation using RACORO Observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We proposed to analyze data collected during the Routine Aerial Facilities (AAF) Clouds with Low Optical Water Depths (CLOWD) Optical Radiative Observations (RACORO) in order to develop an integrated product of cloud microphysical properties (number concentration of drops in different size bins, total liquid drop concentration integrated over all bin sizes, liquid water content LWC, extinction of liquid clouds bw, effective radius of water drops re, and radar reflectivity factor) that could be used to evaluate large-eddy simulations (LES), general circulation models (GCMs) and ground-based remote sensing retrievals, and to develop cloud parameterizations with the end goal of improving the modeling of cloud processes and properties and their impact on atmospheric radiation. We have completed the development of this microphysical database and have submitted it to ARM for consideration of its inclusion on the ARM database as a PI product. This report describes the development of this database, and also describes research that has been conducted on cloud-aerosol interactions using the data obtained during RACORO. A list of conference proceedings and publications is also included.

McFarquhar, Greg

2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Genetic improvement and evaluation of black cottonwood for short- rotation biomass production. Final report, 1987--1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project was initiated in 1978 to serve three objectives: (1) develop genetically improved poplar cultivars offering increased productivity under short-rotation culture; (2) identify the major components of productivity in poplar and determine ways in which they can be manipulated, genetically and culturally; and (3) engage in technology transfer to regional industry and agencies so as to make poplar culture in the Pacific Northwest economically feasible. The project is aimed at capturing natural variation in the native black cottonwood. Populus trichocarpa T & G, and enhancing it through selective breeding. Major emphasis has been placed on hybridization of black cottonwood with P deltoides and P maximowiczii, more recently with p nigra. First-generation (F{sub 1}) hybrids have consistently outperformed black cottonwood by a factor of 1.5.-2. The high yields of woody biomass obtained from these clonally propagated hybrids, in rotations of 4-7 years, have fostered the establishment of large-scale plantations by the pulp and paper industry in the region. Physiological studies have helped to elucidate hybrid superiority and several of the underlying mechanisms.

Stettler, R.F.; Hinckley, T.M. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Coll. of Forest Resources; Heilman, P.E. [Washington State Univ., Puyallup, WA (United States). Research and Extension Center; Bradshaw, H.D. Jr. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry

1993-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

302

Wood Quality: The Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wood Quality: The Effects of Planting Density and Thinning Eini C. Lowell PNW Research Station wood quality? By volume, characteristic, product? #12;http://jilldenton.files.wordpress.com/2007, faster #12;What is it that defines wood quality?What is it that defines wood quality? Density: earlywood

303

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) software quality plan. Part 1: ASC software quality engineering practices, Version 2.0.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. The plan defines the ASC program software quality practices and provides mappings of these practices to Sandia Corporate Requirements CPR 1.3.2 and 1.3.6 and to a Department of Energy document, ASCI Software Quality Engineering: Goals, Principles, and Guidelines. This document also identifies ASC management and software project teams responsibilities in implementing the software quality practices and in assessing progress towards achieving their software quality goals.

Sturtevant, Judith E.; Heaphy, Robert; Hodges, Ann Louise; Boucheron, Edward A.; Drake, Richard Roy; Minana, Molly A.; Hackney, Patricia; Forsythe, Christi A.; Schofield, Joseph Richard, Jr. (,; .); Pavlakos, Constantine James; Williamson, Charles Michael; Edwards, Harold Carter

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

FMEA as Design Monitor-, Regulation- and Management Tool Parallel to Product Design Cycle for an Optimised Quality Assurance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Contents of this paper is that after an exact comparison of qualitative quality management methods you come to the conclusion that FMEA (Failure Mode and Effects Analysis) according ... be utilised to show the po...

Karsten Pickard; Peter Müller…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Enhanced Thermostability of Arabidopsis Rubisco Activase Improves Photosynthesis and Growth Rates under Moderate Heat Stress  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...et al., 2004). To date, it has not proven possible to engineer higher-plant Rubisco with improved carboxylation activity...intensification of cereal production systems: Yield potential, soil quality, and precision agriculture. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA...

Itzhak Kurek; Thom Kai Chang; Sean M. Bertain; Alfredo Madrigal; Lu Liu; Michael W. Lassner; Genhai Zhu

2007-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

306

Quality Work Plan Update  

Energy Savers [EERE]

resources and quality assurance Improving long term sustainability by building the foundation of the national industry with WAP at the core 2 Responding to Network Concerns...

307

Silica Scale Management: Lowering Operating Costs through Improved Scale Control, and Adding Value by Extracting Marketable By-Products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We are using laboratory and field experiments to design modeling tools and technology that will improve silica scale management practices in geothermal plants. Our work will help to lower operating costs through improved scale prediction and add new revenue streams from sale of mineral byproducts extracted from geothermal fluids. Improving the economics and effectiveness of scale control programs and/or extraction systems in geothermal operations requires a coupled kinetic-thermodynamic model of silica behavior. Silica scale precipitation is a multi-step process, involving a nucleation-related induction period, aqueous polymerization, condensation of polymers to form colloids, and deposition onto a solid surface. Many chemical and physical variables influence the rates of these steps and their impacts must be quantified and predictable in order to optimally control silica behavior. To date, in laboratory studies, we have quantified the effects on silica polymerization of the following set of chemical variables: Na at 500 and 2000 ppm, pH values from 5 to 9, temperatures of 25 and 50 C, and silica saturation values from 1.2 to 6 at initial dissolved silica concentrations of 600 ppm. Lowering pH both increases the induction time prior to polymerization and decreases the polymerization rate. We have successfully used a multiple regression model to predict polymerization rates from these variables. Geothermal fluids contain significant dissolved concentrations of potentially valuable mineral resources such as zinc, lithium, cesium and rubidium, but silica fouling interferes with traditional extraction methods. We are developing customized and new technologies to extract the silica as a commercial-grade commodity as well as the valuable metals. We are conducting field testing of some of these techniques at a Mammoth, CA geothermal plant using a reverse osmosis unit to concentrate the fluid, adding a commercial agglomerating agent to promote silica precipitation, and then removing the silica using a tangential flow ultrafilter. The particle size, surface area and trace impurities of the silica are characterized for comparison with commercial-grade silica products. We are also testing ion exchange resins and other functionalized materials to extract potentially economic concentrations of lithium, cesium, and rubidium that are enriched in the reverse osmosis concentrate.

Burton, E A; Bourcier, W L; Wallce, A; Bruton, C J; Leif, R

2003-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

308

Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production is obtained from proved reserves but the determinants of the scale of production in the industry and country components of the world total are many and complex with some unique to the individual com...

D. C. Ion

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INDUSTRY-DRIVEN CONSORTIUM FOCUSED ON IMPROVING THE PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF DOMESTIC STRIPPER WELLS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pennsylvania State University, under contract to the U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory will establish, promote, and manage a national industry-driven Stripper Well Consortium (SWC) that will be focused on improving the production performance of domestic petroleum and/or natural gas stripper wells. The consortium creates a partnership with the U.S. petroleum and natural gas industries and trade associations, state funding agencies, academia, and the National Energy Technology Laboratory. This report serves as the tenth quarterly technical progress report for the SWC. Key activities for this reporting period include: (1) release of the 2003 request-for-proposal (RFP), (2) planning the spring SWC meeting in Pearl River New York, and (3) tentatively plan the SWC 2003 fall technology transfer meetings. During this reporting period, the efforts were focused primarily on the organizing and hosting the fall technology transfer meetings. Simultaneously, administrative issues such as modifying the SWC Constitution and By-Laws and creating a block membership tier to promote further industrial involvement were areas of concentration. The SWC is poised to enter its third year with a growing, diversifying membership.

Joel L. Morrison

2004-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

310

Process Optimization for Solid Extraction, Flavor Improvement and Fat Removal in the Production of Soymilk From Full Fat Soy Flakes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Traditionally soymilk has been made with whole soybeans; however, there are other alternative raw ingredients for making soymilk, such as soy flour or full-fat soy flakes. US markets prefer soymilk with little or no beany flavor. modifying the process or using lipoxygenase-free soybeans can be used to achieve this. Unlike the dairy industry, fat reduction in soymilk has been done through formula modification instead of by conventional fat removal (skimming). This project reports the process optimization for solids and protein extraction, flavor improvement and fat removal in the production of 5, 8 and 12 {sup o}Brix soymilk from full fat soy flakes and whole soybeans using the Takai soymilk machine. Proximate analyses, and color measurement were conducted in 5, 8 and 12 {sup o}Brix soymilk. Descriptive analyses with trained panelists (n = 9) were conducted using 8 and 12 {sup o}Brix lipoxygenase-free and high protein blend soy flake soymilks. Rehydration of soy flakes is necessary to prevent agglomeration during processing and increase extractability. As the rehydration temperature increases from 15 to 50 to 85 C, the hexanal concentration was reduced. Enzyme inactivation in soy flakes milk production (measured by hexanal levels) is similar to previous reports with whole soybeans milk production; however, shorter rehydration times can be achieved with soy flakes (5 to 10 minutes) compared to whole beans (8 to 12 hours). Optimum rehydration conditions for a 5, 8 and 12 {sup o}Brix soymilk are 50 C for 5 minutes, 85 C for 5 minutes and 85 C for 10 minutes, respectively. In the flavor improvement study of soymilk, the hexanal date showed differences between undeodorized HPSF in contrast to triple null soymilk and no differences between deodorized HPSF in contrast to deodorized triple null. The panelists could not differentiate between the beany, cereal, and painty flavors. However, the panelists responded that the overall aroma of deodorized 8 {sup o}Brix triple null and HPSF soymilk are lower than the undeodorized triple null and HPSF soymilk. The triple null soymilk was perceived to be more bitter than the HPSF soymilk by the sensory panel due to oxidation on the triple null soy flakes. This oxidation may produce other aroma that was not analyzed using the GC but noticed by the panelists. The sensory evaluation results did show that the deodorizer was able to reduce the soymilk aroma in HPSF soymilk so it would be similar to triple null soymilk at 8 {sup o}Brix level. Regardless of skimming method and solids levels, the fat from the whole soybean milk was removed less efficiently than soy flake milk (7 to 30% fat extraction in contrast to 50 to 80% fat extraction respectively). In soy flake milk, less fat was removed as the % solid increases regardless of the processing method. In whole soybean milk, the fat was removed less efficiently at lower solids level milk using the commercial dairy skimmer and more efficient at lower solids level using the centrifuge-decant method. Based on the Hunter L, a, b measurement, the color of the reduced fat soy flake milk yielded a darker, greener and less yellow colored milk than whole soymilk ({alpha} < 0.05), whereas no differences were noticed in reduced fat soybean milk ({alpha} < 0.05). Color comparison of whole and skim cow's milk showed the same the same trend as in the soymilk.

Stanley Prawiradjaja

2003-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

311

Russian techniques for more productive core drilling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a short discussion of the trends and technology being used in Russia to increase the production of core drilling. The currently used rigs are given with the plans for improvement in drive methods and to reduce trip time in the recovery of cores. The recommendations by the Russians to improve the core recovery quality and quantity are also given.

Not Available

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) software quality plan : ASC software quality engineering practices Version 3.0.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. Quality is defined in the US Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Agency (DOE/NNSA) Quality Criteria, Revision 10 (QC-1) as 'conformance to customer requirements and expectations'. This quality plan defines the SNL ASC Program software quality engineering (SQE) practices and provides a mapping of these practices to the SNL Corporate Process Requirement (CPR) 001.3.6; 'Corporate Software Engineering Excellence'. This plan also identifies ASC management's and the software project teams responsibilities in implementing the software quality practices and in assessing progress towards achieving their software quality goals. This SNL ASC Software Quality Plan establishes the signatories commitments to improving software products by applying cost-effective SQE practices. This plan enumerates the SQE practices that comprise the development of SNL ASC's software products and explains the project teams opportunities for tailoring and implementing the practices.

Turgeon, Jennifer L.; Minana, Molly A.; Hackney, Patricia; Pilch, Martin M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Quality engineering as a profession.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the course of time, the profession of quality engineering has witnessed significant change, from its original emphasis on quality control and inspection to a more contemporary focus on upholding quality processes throughout the organization and its product realization activities. This paper describes the profession of quality engineering, exploring how today's quality engineers and quality professionals are certified individuals committed to upholding quality processes and principles while working with different dimensions of product development. It also discusses the future of the quality engineering profession and the future of the quality movement as a whole.

Kolb, Rachel R.; Hoover, Marcey L.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Screening Microalgae Strains for Biodiesel Production: Lipid Productivity and Estimation of Fuel Quality Based on Fatty Acids Profiles as Selective Criteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The viability of algae-based biodiesel industry depends on the selection of adequate ... fatty acid profiles, used for estimating the biodiesel fuel properties. Volumetric lipid productivity varied among...?1 day

Iracema Andrade Nascimento; Sheyla Santa Izabel Marques…

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

NREL Improves System Efficiency and Increases Energy Transfer with Wind2H2 Project, Enabling Reduced Cost Electrolysis Production (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes NREL's accomplishments in improving energy transfer within a wind turbine-based hydrogen production system. Work was performed by the Wind2H2 Project team at the National Wind Technology Center in partnership with Xcel Energy.

Not Available

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The OXY-operated Class 2 Project at West Welch is designed to demonstrate how the use of advanced technology can improve the economics of miscible CO{sub 2} injection projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate reservoirs. The research and design phase (Budget Period 1) primarily involved advanced reservoir characterization. The current demonstration phase (Budget Period 2) is the implementation of the reservoir management plan for an optimum miscible CO{sub 2} flood design based on the reservoir characterization. Although Budget Period 1 for the Project officially ended 12/31/96, reservoir characterization and simulation work continued during the Budget Period 2. During the fifth and sixth annual reporting periods (8/3/98-8/2/00) covered by this report, work continued on interpretation of the cross well seismic data to create porosity and permeability profiles which were distributed into the reservoir geostatistically. The initial interwell seismic CO{sub 2} monitor survey was conducted, the acquired data processed and interpretation started. Only limited well work and facility construction was conducted in the project area. The CO{sub 2} injection initiated in October 1997 was continued, although the operator had to modify the operating plan in response to low injection rates, well performance and changes in CO{sub 2} supply. CO{sub 2} injection was focused in a smaller area to increase the reservoir processing rate. By the end of the reporting period three producers had shown sustained oil rate increases and ten wells had experienced gas (CO{sub 2}) breakthrough.

T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

2002-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

317

Approaches to ensure and improve quality at primary healthcare centres - a study of the effects of a structured patient-sorting system and a healthcare reform.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Background: Primary healthcare in Sweden meets increased demands from an aging population concerning quality and accessibility while dealing with a growing shortage of general practitioners… (more)

Andy, Maun

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) software quality plan. Part 1 : ASC software quality engineering practices version 1.0.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. Quality is defined in DOE/AL Quality Criteria (QC-1) as conformance to customer requirements and expectations. This quality plan defines the ASC program software quality practices and provides mappings of these practices to the SNL Corporate Process Requirements (CPR 1.3.2 and CPR 1.3.6) and the Department of Energy (DOE) document, ASCI Software Quality Engineering: Goals, Principles, and Guidelines (GP&G). This quality plan identifies ASC management and software project teams' responsibilities for cost-effective software engineering quality practices. The SNL ASC Software Quality Plan establishes the signatories commitment to improving software products by applying cost-effective software engineering quality practices. This document explains the project teams opportunities for tailoring and implementing the practices; enumerates the practices that compose the development of SNL ASC's software products; and includes a sample assessment checklist that was developed based upon the practices in this document.

Minana, Molly A.; Sturtevant, Judith E.; Heaphy, Robert; Hodges, Ann Louise; Boucheron, Edward A.; Drake, Richard Roy; Forsythe, Christi A.; Schofield, Joseph Richard, Jr.; Pavlakos, Constantine James; Williamson, Charles Michael; Edwards, Harold Carter

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Quality Assurance: Underlying Quality Principles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Underlying Quality Principles Underlying Quality Principles These principles are consistent with Integrated Safety Management Policy, P 450.4A and support ISM implementation. Define Policies and Objectives--Ensure they are Understood and Accepted. Management must set expectations for the organization as a whole before employees can do their jobs, satisfy their customers, and strive to improve the quality of their work. This is accomplished by developing and implementing specific policies and objectives that reflect the operating philosophy of the facility's management. Once these policies and objectives have been established, all managers must take the necessary actions to ensure that each employee shares their vision of the organization's purpose. Specify Roles and Responsibilities--Ensure they are Understood and Accepted.

320

Productivity metrics in dynamic LCA for whole buildings: Using a post-occupancy evaluation of energy and indoor environmental quality tradeoffs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The IEQ + DLCA framework, which integrates indoor environmental quality (IEQ) and dynamic life cycle assessment (DLCA) at the whole-building level, was revised and expanded to consider non-chemical health impacts and productivity/performance impacts. The complete framework was evaluated for a case study of a LEED gold rated university building, supplemented with a post-occupancy evaluation (POE) designed to elicit qualitative feedback on IEQ and productivity impacts specific to the building. Most non-chemical health impacts (e.g. sick building syndrome (SBS), asthma) were not able to be included in the framework, due to potential overlaps with chemical-specific impacts already included in LCA. However, productivity impacts were able to be included in the framework for the purpose of comparing different design and operational choices for a given building. Occupants were also asked to evaluate the anticipated effects on their individual productivity due to IEQ changes associated with hypothetical energy-saving strategies. Results of the POE showed occupants were generally satisfied with IEQ, and considered that increasing summer cooling temperature set points would enhance productivity. Energy savings were calculated using an empirical energy and IEQ model calibrated with sensed data from the building. Evaluation of the full IEQ + DLCA framework suggested potentially significant energy savings potential and possible productivity enhancement, but indicated tradeoffs between internal chemical impact categories related to building ventilation, indoor pollutant generation and outdoor pollutant intake. The tradeoffs and overlaps between internal chemical impact categories themselves, as well as between chemical and non-chemical impact categories such as (SBS) are a challenge for LCA of whole buildings.

William O. Collinge; Amy E. Landis; Alex K. Jones; Laura A. Schaefer; Melissa M. Bilec

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

JGI - Product Offerings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Product Offerings Product Offerings Scientific Program Product Brief Description Deliverables FY14 target cycle time (median), days FY14 target cycle time (75th %), days Fungal Minimal Draft Low coverage whole genome shotgun sequencing for evaluation. May turn into a standard draft or improved standard draft. Assembly. Annotation optional (JGI portal); raw data submitted to SRA 250 400 Fungal Resequencing SNP and short indel calls, rearrangement detection, population analysis. Text file of SNPs (incl location in genome, coding/vs non, syn vs non-syn aa change etc) and structural rearrangements, alignment files, tracks for upload to genome browser and fastq files; raw data submitted to SRA 140 200 Fungal Standard Draft Whole genome shotgun sequencing. Exact scope items and quality of finished product depend on genome. Selected genomes will be improved based on feasibility and scientific merit. Assembly, annotation (JGI Portal + Genbank); raw data submitted to SRA 250 400

322

Improving the representation of terrestrial ecosystem processes in Earth system models to increase the quality of climate model projections and inform DOE's energy decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving the representation of terrestrial ecosystem processes in Earth system models to increase results are incorporated into Earth system models to improve climate projections. e overarching goal of TES is to improve the representation of terrestrial ecosystem processes in Earth system models

323

hTERT Overexpression Alleviates Intracellular ROS Production, Improves Mitochondrial Function, and Inhibits ROS-Mediated Apoptosis in Cancer Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...inhibits endogenous ROS production in response to stimuli...superoxide (O2 ) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2...and reducing O2 production (16). More recently...Materials and Methods Cell lines, culture...Pervaiz S Clement MV. Hydrogen peroxide-induced...reductive stress?Methods Enzymol 2002;352...

Inthrani R. Indran; Manoor P. Hande; and Shazib Pervaiz

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Improving fish farmers' climate change adaptation strategies through information utilisation in Akinyele local government area of Oyo State, Nigeria: implication for sustainable fish production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper assesses the information utilisation by fish farmers on climate change adaptation strategies with the view of improving their adaptation to climate change and as well increasing fish production in Nigeria. A survey was carried out to obtain data from the farmers. The data collected were analysed by using frequency count, mean and percentage. Information that could have improved adaptive capacity of farmers on devastating effects of climate change on fish production was not frequently disseminated to the farmers in the study area. Extension education should make evident the variables that hinder fish farmers' information utilisation because inadequate information prevents potential users from using appropriate information on their farms. Effort should therefore be made to promote the dissemination of information on how farmers can adapt to climate change through investment in information technology such as remote sensing. The effort should also include adequate and consistent sponsorship of extension information broadcast on radio and television stations.

Kayode Arimi; Adetola Jenyo-Oni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

What Impedes Efficient Adoption of Products? Evidence from Randomized Variation in Sales Offers for Improved Cookstoves in Uganda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HarperBusiness. Citypopulation.de. 2008. Uganda. http://World Factbook: Africa: Uganda. https://www.cia.gov/library/for Improved Cookstoves in Uganda By D AVID I. L EVINE AND C

Levine, David I.; Cotterman, Carolyn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

The impact of environmental constraints on productivity improvement and energy efficiency in integrated paper and steel plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a methodology and results for assessing the impact of production and energy efficiency, environmental regulation, and abatement capital expenditure constraints (e.g. capital rationing) on the productivity of energy and pollution intensive sectors. Energy is treated like any other production input when examining evidence of inefficiency. We find that capital rationing and environmental regulations do contribute to productivity and energy efficiency losses, but do not explain all of the production and energy inefficiencies observed in the paper industry. A summary of the energy source of production inefficiency found in the paper industry, is presented.. Each source is derived as the incremental contribution., i.e. the first is constraints on capital, the second in environmental regulation not accounted for by the first, and the final component is production inefficiency that is not accounted for my any of the- environmental analysis. While the methods are very data intensive, they reveal much more that analysis of aggregate data, 1835 since the only plant level data can provide the estimates of inefficiency that this methodology employs.

Boyd, G.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Decision and Information Sciences Div.; McClelland, J. [Maryland Univ., College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Economics

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

327

Data Quality of Quality Measurement Experiments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Quality of Quality Measurement Experiments Data Quality of Quality Measurement Experiments S. Bottone and S. Moore Mission Research Corporation Santa Barbara, California Introduction Quality Measurement Experiments (QME) are a special class of Value-Added Products (VAP). QMEs add value to Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program datastreams by providing for continuous assessment of the quality of incoming data based on internal consistency checks, comparisons between independent similar measurements, or comparisons between measurements and modeled results. Like any datastream, QME datastreams need to be checked for data quality. For each QME, we analyze a representative sample of files from the ARM data archive to determine 'typical' values of the QME variables. We then design outlier tests, specific to each variable, to be applied to

328

Development of Genomic and Genetic Tools for Foxtail Millet, and Use of These Tools in the Improvement of Biomass Production for Bioenergy Crops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall aim of this research was to develop genomic and genetic tools in foxtail millet that will be useful in improving biomass production in bioenergy crops such as switchgrass, napier grass, and pearl millet. A variety of approaches have been implemented, and our lab has been primarily involved in genome analysis and quantitative genetic analysis. Our progress in these activities has been substantially helped by the genomic sequence of foxtail millet produced by the Joint Genome Institute (Bennetzen et al., in prep). In particular, the annotation and analysis of candidate genes for architecture, biomass production and flowering has led to new insights into the control of branching and flowering time, and has shown how closely related flowering time is to vegetative architectural development and biomass accumulation. The differences in genetic control identified at high and low density plantings have direct relevance to the breeding of bioenergy grasses that are tolerant of high planting densities. The developmental analyses have shown how plant architecture changes over time and may indicate which genes may best be manipulated at various times during development to obtain required biomass characteristics. This data contributes to the overall aim of significantly improving genetic and genomic tools in foxtail millet that can be directed to improvement of bioenergy grasses such as switchgrass, where it is important to maximize vegetative growth for greatest biomass production.

Doust, Andrew, N.

2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

329

E-Print Network 3.0 - adjusted quality measures Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

quality, software quality measurement, software quality improvement, software quality fundamentals... ;1-2 measurement instruments to allow (or facilitate') the engineering of...

330

Increased oil production and reserves from improved completion techniques in the Bluebell Field, Uinta Basin, Utah. Annual report, October 1, 1994--September 30, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bluebell field produces from the Tertiary lower Green River and Wasatch Formations of the Uinta Basin, Utah. The productive interval consists of thousands of feet of interbedded fractured clastic and carbonate beds deposited in a fluvial-dominated deltaic lacustrine environment. Wells in the Bluebell field are typically completed by perforating 40 or more beds over 1,000 to 3,000 vertical feet (300-900 m), then applying an acid-fracture stimulation treatment to the entire interval. This completion technique is believed to leave many potentially productive beds damaged and/or untreated, while allowing water-bearing and low-pressure (thief) zones to communicate with the wellbore. Geologic and engineering characterization has been used to define improved completion techniques. The study identified reservoir characteristics of beds that have the greatest long-term production potential.

Allison, M.L.; Morgan, C.D.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Order Module--DOE O 414.1D, QUALITY ASSURANCE | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

14.1D, QUALITY ASSURANCE 14.1D, QUALITY ASSURANCE Order Module--DOE O 414.1D, QUALITY ASSURANCE "To ensure that DOE, including NNSA, products and services meet or exceed customers' requirements and expectations. To achieve quality for all work based upon the following principles: All work, as defined in this Order, is conducted through an integrated and effective management system. Management support for planning, organization, resources, direction, and control is essential to quality assurance (QA). Performance and quality improvement require thorough, rigorous assessments and effective corrective actions. All personnel are responsible for achieving and maintaining quality. Risks and adverse mission impacts associated with work processes are minimized while maximizing reliability and performance of work products.

332

Factors controlling reservoir quality in tertiary sandstones and their significance to geopressured geothermal production. Annual report, May 1, 1979-May 31, 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Differing extents of diagenetic modification is the factor primarily responsible for contrasting regional reservoir quality of Tertiary sandstones from the Upper and Lower Texas Gulf Coast. Detailed comparison of Frio sandstones from the Chocolate Bayou/Danbury Dome area, Brazoria County, and Vicksburg sandstones from the McAllen Ranch Field area, Hidalgo County, reveals that extent of diagenetic modification is most strongly influenced by (1) detrital mineralogy and (2) regional geothermal gradients. Vicksburg sandstones from the McAllen Ranch Field area are less stable, chemically and mechanically, than Frio sandstones from the Chocolate Bayou/Danbury dome area. Vicksburg sandstones are mineralogically immature and contain greater proportions of feldspars and rock fragments than do Frio sandstones. Thr reactive detrital assemblage of Vicksubrg sandstones is highly susceptible to diagenetic modification. Susceptibility is enhanced by higher than normal geothermal gradients in the McAllen Ranch Field area. Thus, consolidation of Vicksburg sandstones began at shallower depth of burial and precipitation of authigenic phases (especially calcite) was more pervasive than in Frio sandstones. Moreover, the late-stage episode of ferroan calcite precipitation that occluded most secondary porosity in Vicksburg sandstones did not occur significantly in Frio sandstones. Therefore, regional reservoir quality of Frio sandstones from Brazoria County is far better than that characterizing Vicksburg sandstones from Hidalgo County, especially at depths suitable for geopressured geothermal energy production.

Loucks, R.G.; Richmann, D.L.; Milliken, K.L.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

A fruit quality gene map of Prunus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Central Open Access A fruit quality gene map of PrunusAbstract Background: Prunus fruit development, growth,and maintaining stone fruit quality from production and

Ogundiwin, Ebenezer A; Peace, Cameron P; Gradziel, Thomas M; Parfitt, Dan E; Bliss, Fredrick A; Crisosto, Carlos H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

The engineer’s responsibility for quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper offers a definition of quality for products, explains why engineers are morally responsible for quality, and outlines how engineers can fulfill this responsibility.

Michael C. Loui

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

E-Print Network 3.0 - air quality regulation Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2009 Improving Home Indoor Air Quality There are three general ways of improving air quality... utility provider about duct sealing programs to save energy and improve your...

336

Improved measurement of the bb¯ production cross section in 920 GeV fixed-target proton-nucleus collisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new measurement of the bb¯ production cross section in 920 GeV proton-nucleus collisions is presented by the HERA-B Collaboration. The bb¯ production is tagged via inclusive bottom quark decays into J/? mesons by exploiting the longitudinal separation of J/??l+l- decay vertices from the primary proton-nucleus interaction point. Both e+e- and ?+?- channels are reconstructed for a total of 83±12 inclusive b?J/?X events found. The combined analysis yields a bb¯ to prompt J/? cross section ratio of ??(bb¯)??J/?=0.032±0.005stat±0.004sys measured in the xF acceptance (-0.35

I. Abt et al. (HERA-B Collaboration)

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

337

Use of a warm mix asphalt additive to reduce the production temperatures and to improve the performance of asphalt rubber mixtures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Asphalt rubber mixtures are often described as environmentally friendly mixtures due to the incorporation of recycled rubber from used tires and due to their improved service life. In fact, their fatigue cracking and rut resistance properties are better than those of conventional asphalt concrete mixtures. However, asphalt rubber mixtures demand higher production temperatures than conventional mixtures due to the higher viscosity of the asphalt rubber binder. The objective of this paper is to assess the efficiency of using a surfactant based additive in the production of warm mix asphalts, by lowering the mixing temperatures of asphalt rubber and asphalt concrete mixtures without changing their performance. Several laboratory tests were carried out on asphalt rubber and asphalt concrete mixtures, with and without the additive, in order to evaluate and compare the performance of the mixtures. It was concluded that the incorporation of small amounts of a surfactant based additive allowed reducing the production temperatures of both types of mixture by 30 °C without compromising their performance, and this can be seen as a great step forward towards the production of cleaner asphalt rubber mixtures.

Joel R.M. Oliveira; Hugo M.R.D. Silva; Liliana P.F. Abreu; Sara R.M. Fernandes

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Sandia technology & entrepreneurs improve Lasik  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Former Sandian Dan Neal started his company, WaveFront Sciences, based on wavefront sensing metrology technologies licensed from Sandia National Laboratories and by taking advantage of its Entrepreneurial Separation to Transfer Technology (ESTT) program. Abbott Medical Optics since acquired WaveFront and estimates that one million patients have improved the quality of their vision thanks to its products. ESTT is a valuable tool which allows Sandia to transfer technology to the private sector and Sandia employees to leave the Labs in order to start up new technology companies or help expand existing companies.

Neal, Dan; Turner, Tim

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

339

Analytical laboratory quality audits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analytical Laboratory Quality Audits are designed to improve laboratory performance. The success of the audit, as for many activities, is based on adequate preparation, precise performance, well documented and insightful reporting, and productive follow-up. Adequate preparation starts with definition of the purpose, scope, and authority for the audit and the primary standards against which the laboratory quality program will be tested. The scope and technical processes involved lead to determining the needed audit team resources. Contact is made with the auditee and a formal audit plan is developed, approved and sent to the auditee laboratory management. Review of the auditee's quality manual, key procedures and historical information during preparation leads to better checklist development and more efficient and effective use of the limited time for data gathering during the audit itself. The audit begins with the opening meeting that sets the stage for the interactions between the audit team and the laboratory staff. Arrangements are worked out for the necessary interviews and examination of processes and records. The information developed during the audit is recorded on the checklists. Laboratory management is kept informed of issues during the audit so there are no surprises at the closing meeting. The audit report documents whether the management control systems are effective. In addition to findings of nonconformance, positive reinforcement of exemplary practices provides balance and fairness. Audit closure begins with receipt and evaluation of proposed corrective actions from the nonconformances identified in the audit report. After corrective actions are accepted, their implementation is verified. Upon closure of the corrective actions, the audit is officially closed.

Kelley, William D.

2001-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

340

Lifecycle impacts of natural gas to hydrogen pathways on urban air quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the impact of hydrogen production on urban air quality.in ambient air quality: (1) onsite hydrogen production; (2)centralized hydrogen production with gaseous hydrogen

Wang, Guihua; Ogden, Joan M; Nicholas, Michael A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Quality Assurance: Quality Policy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Policy Policy It is the policy of the Department of Energy to establish quality requirements to ensure that risks and environmental impacts are minimized and that safety, reliability, and performance are maximized through the application of effective management systems commensurate with the risks posed by the facility or activity and its work. The Department implements this policy through the QA Order and the QA rule directives to ensure quality assurance requirements are clearly specified for the broad spectrum of work performed by DOE and its contractors. Objective The objective of the QA requirements are to establish an effective management system (i.e., quality assurance programs) using the performance requirements coupled technical standards where appropriate that ensure:

342

ACCELERATED IMPROVEMENT A CONCENTRATED APPROACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACCELERATED IMPROVEMENT A CONCENTRATED APPROACH FOR CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT #12;Accelerated.quality.wisc.edu O F F I C E O F Q U A L I T Y I M P R O V E M E N T Accelerated Improvement This guide to improving resources. You will find helpful information needed to conduct an Accelerated Improvement project

Shapiro, Vadim

343

Worker productivity rises with energy efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many American companies have found that saving energy and cutting pollution dramatically improves the bottom line. But beyond these gains, businesses that launch energy efficiency programs to save money are often astonished to discover unforeseen benefits: energy efficient lighting, heating, cooling, motors, and industrial processes can increase worker productivity, decrease absenteeism, and improve the quality of work performed. Profits created by the jump in worker productivity can exceed energy savings by a factor of ten. Energy efficiency and pollution prevention represent the next wave in manufacturing, following the quality revolution launched by the Japanese in the 1960s. Unless America leads the lean and clean revolution, economic health will be undermined as other countries develop clean processes and products and US companies suffer competitively. Also, developing countries will leapfrog their wasteful model and buy products and manufacturing processes from foreign firms already practicing lean and clean.

Romm, J.J. (Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States))

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Development and Evaluation of a Test System for the Quality Assurance during the Mass Production of Silicon Microstrip Detector Modules for the CMS Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) is one of four large-scale experiments that is going to be installed at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at the European Laboratory for Particle Physics (CERN). For CMS an inner tracking system entirely equipped with silicon microstrip detectors was chosen. With an active area of about 198 m2 it will be the largest tracking device of the world that was ever constructed using silicon sensors. The basic components in the construction of the tracking system are approximately 16,000 so-called modules, which are pre-assembled units consisting of the sensors, the readout electronics and a support structure. The module production is carried out by a cooperation of number of institutes and industrial companies. To ensure the operation of the modules within the harsh radiation environment extensive tests have to be performed on all components. An important contribution to the quality assurance of the modules is made by a test system of which all components were developed in Aachen. In ad...

Franke, Torsten

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Forward and reverse combustion gasification of coal with production of high-quality syngas in a simulated pilot system for in situ gasification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This research focused on the feasibility and stability of applying the forward and reverse combustion approach to the in situ gasification of lignite and bituminous coal with oxygen or oxygen–steam mixtures as gasification agents, especially reverse combustion gasification. A high-quality syngas (H2 and CO) could be obtained using the reverse combustion gasification technique combined with forward combustion gasification in a pilot system for in situ gasification. The gasification time was extended more than 25% using the reverse combustion approach. The controlling conditions for reverse combustion gasification were obtained by comparing and analyzing experimental data. The results show the relationship between the inject gas flow within certain limits and velocity of the gasification flame was linear during reverse combustion. The underground conditions of the coal seam and strata were simulated in a pilot-scale underground gasifier during experiments. The combustion gasification of coal was carried out experimentally for over 5 days. The average effective content (H2 and CO) of syngas was in the range of 60–70%, meeting the requirement of synthesis gas. The optimal ranges of gasifying lignite and bituminous coal were found to be 1.5–2.0 and 1.3–1.75, respectively. The product gas flow was proportional to oxygen blast. These are expected to provide useful guidance on practical underground coal gasification operations and to give experimental evidence in support of theory.

Yong Cui; Jie Liang; Zhangqing Wang; Xiaochun Zhang; Chenzi Fan; Dongyu Liang; Xuan Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

A Knowledge-Based Approach to Improving and Homogenizing Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy Planning Quality Among Treatment Centers: An Example Application to Prostate Cancer Planning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment planning can have wide variation among different treatment centers. We propose a system to leverage the IMRT planning experience of larger institutions to automatically create high-quality plans for outside clinics. We explore feasibility by generating plans for patient datasets from an outside institution by adapting plans from our institution. Methods and Materials: A knowledge database was created from 132 IMRT treatment plans for prostate cancer at our institution. The outside institution, a community hospital, provided the datasets for 55 prostate cancer cases, including their original treatment plans. For each “query” case from the outside institution, a similar “match” case was identified in the knowledge database, and the match case’s plan parameters were then adapted and optimized to the query case by use of a semiautomated approach that required no expert planning knowledge. The plans generated with this knowledge-based approach were compared with the original treatment plans at several dose cutpoints. Results: Compared with the original plan, the knowledge-based plan had a significantly more homogeneous dose to the planning target volume and a significantly lower maximum dose. The volumes of the rectum, bladder, and femoral heads above all cutpoints were nominally lower for the knowledge-based plan; the reductions were significantly lower for the rectum. In 40% of cases, the knowledge-based plan had overall superior (lower) dose–volume histograms for rectum and bladder; in 54% of cases, the comparison was equivocal; in 6% of cases, the knowledge-based plan was inferior for both bladder and rectum. Conclusions: Knowledge-based planning was superior or equivalent to the original plan in 95% of cases. The knowledge-based approach shows promise for homogenizing plan quality by transferring planning expertise from more experienced to less experienced institutions.

Good, David [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Lo, Joseph [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Department of Radiology and Departments of Biomedical Engineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Lee, W. Robert [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Wu, Q. Jackie; Yin, Fang-Fang [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Das, Shiva K., E-mail: shiva.das@duke.edu [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

The effect of an employee educational program on the bacteriological quality of blue crab meat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. R. Nickelson II Employee educational programs were used in various food processing plants to improve the plant sanitation. Little 1;terature had been reported on the effect of sanitation workshops... on the sanitation prac- tices of employees, productivity of the plant, product. yields, and microbiological quality of the finished product. Two different blue crab processing plants along the Texas coast were monitored for aerobic plate counts (APC), coliforms...

Biediger, Catherine M

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Quality Assurance | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Assurance Assurance Quality Assurance QUALITY ASSURANCE IN THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DOE has established Quality Policy, Principles and Value Added Requirement Attributes that apply to all work and are focused on performance, customer expectations, and improvement. When properly implemented, the principles and requirements form a management system to plan, perform, assess, and improve work. The requirements are performance oriented and offer unlimited implementation flexibility. The DOE quality management system moves beyond the traditional quality assurance requirements that had become narrowly focused on safety systems, paper, compliance, and inspections. The management system is designed to link with an organization's strategic plan to support mission achievement and the

349

Fuel Production/Quality Resources  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Federal agencies and certain state governments are required to acquire alternative fuel vehicles as part of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, though they are also entitled to choose a petroleum...

350

Quality Manual-sample  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Q-001 Quality Manual 11_0329 Page 1 of 33 Q-001 Quality Manual 11_0329 Page 1 of 33 EOTA - Quality Manual Document Title: Quality Manual Document Number: Q-001 Rev. 11_0329 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: N/A Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): Various Q-001 Quality Manual 11_0329 Page 2 of 33 Revision History: Rev. Level Description of Change A Initial Release B Section V - added justification for exclusion "....because EOTA does not require the use of monitoring and measurement devices in the conduct of business." 07_1205 Added MGTP-004, Employee Satisfaction to Quality Manual 08_0818 Changed P-008 from Corrective Action and Preventive Action to read Corrective/Preventive Action & Improvement Opportunity

351

New Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...security of unmatched sample traceability. Manufactured from high-quality polypropylene in a fully automated class-7 cleanroom environment ensures the laser-etched alphanumeric tubes exhibit absolute product consistency, near-zero contaminants...

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

352

A cost/benefit model for insertion of technological innovation into a total quality management program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for measuring quality improvement is the cost of quality. Traditionally, comprehensive quality cost reports have regularly been issued in a fixed format to identify opportunities for improvement and provide guidelines for improvement over time. However, current...

Ratliff, William L

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

353

Overexpression of miR156 in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) results in various morphological alterations and leads to improved biomass production  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

miR156 miR156 in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) results in various morphological alterations and leads to improved biomass production Chunxiang Fu 1 , Ramanjulu Sunkar 2 , Chuanen Zhou 1 , Hui Shen 3,4 , Ji-Yi Zhang 3,4 , Jessica Matts 2 , Jennifer Wolf 1 , David G. J. Mann 4,5 , C. Neal Stewart Jr 4,5 , Yuhong Tang 3,4 and Zeng-Yu Wang 1,4, * 1 Forage Improvement Division, The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK, USA 2 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA 3 Plant Biology Division, The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK, USA 4 BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge, TN, USA 5 Department of Plant Sciences, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA Received 10 October 2011; revised 8 December 2011; accepted 12 December 2011. *Correspondence (Tel 1-580-224 6830; fax 1-580-224 6802; email zywang@noble.org) Re-use

354

Genetic improvement of Escherichia coli for ethanol production: Chromosomal integration of Zymomonas mobilis genes encoding pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Zymomonas mobilis genes for pyruvate decarboxylase (pdc) and alcohol dehydrogenase II (adhB) were integrated into the Escherichia coli chromosome within or near the pyruvate formate-lyase gene (pfl). Integration improved the stability of the Z. mobilis genes in E. coli, but further selection was required to increase expression. Spontaneous mutants were selected for resistance to high levels of chloramphenicol that also expressed high levels of the Z. mobilis genes. Analogous mutants were selected for increased expression of alcohol dehydrogenase on aldehyde indicator plates. These mutants were functionally equivalent to the previous plasmid-based strains for the fermentation of xylose and glucose to ethanol. Ethanol concentrations of 54.4 and 41.6 g/liter were obtained from 10% glucose and 8% xylose, respectively. The efficiency of conversion exceeded theoretical limits (0.51 g of ethanol/g of sugar) on the basis of added sugars because of the additional production of ethanol from the catabolism of complex nutrients. Further mutations were introduced to inactivate succinate production (frd) and to block homologous recombination (recA).

Ohta, Kazuyoshi; Beall, D.S.; Mejia, J.P.; Shanmugam, K.T.; Ingram, L.O. (Univ. of Florida, Gainesville (United States))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Marketing Quality Energy Awareness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Production Units Electricity Chilled Water Steam Compressed Air Water Fig. 2. Measurement, Monitoring &Reporting Cost savings resulted when Business Unit 0 forecasted a $30,OOO/month drop in energy costs due to production line changes and actual... within process limits. They produced the same quality and quantity of product. Measurements revealed Unit 1 operated within the energy requirements, Unit 2 was above the acceptabl range and Unit 3 was under the requirements. Standards were reviewed...

Fortier, L. J.

356

Partnering with Engineers to Identify and Empirically Evaluate Delays in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Laying the Foundations for Quality Improvement and System-based Practice in Radiology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rationale and Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of partnering with engineering students and critically examining the merit of the problem identification and analyses students generated in identifying sources impeding effective turnaround in a large university department of diagnostic radiology. Turnaround involves the time and activities beginning when a patient enters the magnetic resonance scanner room until the patient leaves, minus the time the scanner is conducting the protocol. Materials and Methods A prospective observational study was conducted, in which four senior undergraduate industrial and operations engineering students interviewed magnetic resonance staff members and observed all shifts. On the basis of 150 hours of observation, the engineering students identified 11 process steps (eg, changing coils). They charted machine use for all shifts, providing a breakdown of turnaround time between appropriate process and non-value-added time. To evaluate the processes occurring in the scanning room, the students used a work-sampling schedule in which a beeper sounded 2.5 times per hour, signaling the technologist to identify which of 11 process steps was occurring. This generated 2147 random observations over a 3-week period. Results The breakdown of machine use over 105 individual studies showed that non-value-added time accounted for 62% of turnaround time. Analysis of 2147 random samples of work showed that scanners were empty and waiting for patients 15% of the total time. Analyses showed that poor communication delayed the arrival of patients and that no one had responsibility for communicating when scanning was done. Conclusions Engineering students used rigorous study design and sampling methods to conduct interviews and observations. This led to data-driven definition of problems and potential solutions to guide systems-based improvement.

Catherine J. Brandon; Michael Holody; Geoffrey Inch; Michael Kabcenell; Diane Schowalter; Patricia B. Mullan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Quality engineering as a discipline of study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current framework for quality scholarship in the United States ranges from the training and education of future quality engineers, managers, and professionals to focused and sustained research initiatives that, through academic institutions and other organizations, aim to improve the knowledge and application of quality across a variety of sectors. Numerous quality journals also provide a forum for professional dissemination of information.

Kolb, Rachel R.; Hoover, Marcey L.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Memorandum of Understanding on Improving the Energy Efficiency of Products and Buildings between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy, dated September 30, 2009  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

on on Improving the Energy Efficiency of Products and Buildings Between The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and The U.S. Department of Energy I. Overview and Purpose * Purpose: Enhanced and expanded federal programs to advance energy efficiency are critical to addressing climate change, economic, and energy security issues. * Common Goals and Objectives: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) are agreeing to: o Expand and enhance federal energy efficiency programs so as to improve the efficiency of a broad set of energy-using products and improve the efficiency of the nation's buildings, o Build upon the important roles of each Agency in advancing energy efficiency in products and buildings, and

359

Reduction of Carbon Footprint and Energy Efficiency Improvement in Aluminum Production by Use of Novel Wireless Instrumentation Integrated with Mathematical Modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work addressed the greenhouse gas emission and electrical energy consumption of the aluminum industry. The objective was to provide a means for reducing both through the application of wireless instrumentation, coupled to mathematical modeling. Worldwide the aluminum industry consumes more electrical energy than all activities in many major countries (e.g. the UK) and emits more greenhouse gasses (e.g. than France). Most of these excesses are in the 'primary production' of aluminum; that is the conversion of aluminum oxide to metal in large electrolytic cells operating at hundreds of thousands of amps. An industry-specific GHG emission has been the focus of the work. The electrolytic cells periodically, but at irregular intervals, experience an upset condition known as an 'anode effect'. During such anode effects the cells emit fluorinated hydrocarbons (PFCs, which have a high global warming potential) at a rate far greater than in normal operation. Therefore curbing anode effects will reduce GHG emissions. Prior work had indicated that the distribution of electrical current within the cell experiences significant shifts in the minutes before an anode effect. The thrust of the present work was to develop technology that could detect and report this early warning of an anode effect so that the control computer could minimize GHG emissions. A system was developed to achieve this goal and, in collaboration with Alcoa, was tested on two cells at an Alcoa plant in Malaga, Washington. The project has also pointed to the possibility of additional improvements that could result from the work. Notable among these is an improvement in efficiency that could result in an increase in cell output at little extra operating cost. Prospects for commercialization have emerged in the form of purchase orders for further installations. The work has demonstrated that a system for monitoring the current of individual anodes in an aluminum cell is practical. Furthermore the system has been installed twice on a smelter in the US without exposing workers to hazards usually associated with running signal wires in aluminum plants. The results display the early warning of an anode effect that potentially can be used to minimize such anode effects with their excessive GHG emissions. They also point to a possible, but substantial, economic benefit that could result in improved current efficiency by anode adjustment based on individual anode current measurements.

James W. Evans

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

360

Refractory Improvement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Refractory Improvement Refractory Improvement NETL Office of Research and Development Project Number: FWP-2012.03.03 Task 2 Project Description Industry would like gasifier on-line availability of 85-95% for utility applications and 95% for applications such as chemical production. Gasification facilities' are currently unable to meet these requirements, which have created a potential roadblock to widespread acceptance and commercialization of gasification technologies. Refractory liners and syngas coolers are among key components of the gasification process previously identified as negatively impacting gasifier availability. Ash originating from impurities in the gasifier's carbon feedstock is the root cause of many problems impacting gasifier RAM (Reliability Availability Maintainability). At the high temperatures of gasification, ash changes to liquid, gas, and solid phases which wear down refractory materials and can cause fouling, either of which can lead to unplanned shutdowns for system repair, replacement, or cleaning.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Final Report fir DE-SC0005507 (A1618): The Development of an Improved Cloud Microphysical Product for Model and Remote Sensing Evaluation using RACORO Observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We proposed to analyze data collected during the Routine Aerial Facilities (AAF) Clouds with Low Optical Water Depths (CLOWD) Optical Radiative Observations (RACORO) in order to develop an integrated product of cloud microphysical properties (number concentration of drops in different size bins, total liquid drop concentration integrated over all bin sizes, liquid water content LWC, extinction of liquid clouds, effective radius of water drops, and radar reflectivity factor) that could be used to evaluate large-eddy simulations (LES), general circulation models (GCMs) and ground-based remote sensing retrievals, and to develop cloud parameterizations with the end goal of improving the modeling of cloud processes and properties and their impact on atmospheric radiation. We have completed the development of this microphysical database. we investigated the differences in the size distributions measured by the Cloud and Aerosol Spectrometer (CAS) and the Forward Scattering Probe (FSSP), between the one dimensional cloud imaging probe (1DC) and the two-dimensional cloud imaging probe (2DC), and between the bulk LWCs measured by the Gerber probe against those derived from the size resolved probes.

McFarquhar, Greg M.

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

362

Quality Assurance Specialist  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Alternate Title(s):Quality Control Technician; Quality Assurance Inspector; Quality Assurance Representative

363

RMOTC - Production  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Production Production RMOTC Pumpjack in action During the process of the sale of NPR-3, RMOTC will focus on maximizing the value of the NPR-3 site and will continue with its Production Optimization Projects. NPR-3 includes 9,481 acres with more than 400 oil-producing wells. Current oil production is at approximately 240 barrels of oil per day. In July 2013, RMOTC began working on a number of Production Optimization Projects within the NPR-3 field, with the goal to optimize and improve flow and efficiency. Production Optimization Projects include repairing and replacing existing infrastructure with new infrastructure in order to optimize current wells and bring additional wells online. These Production Optimization Projects will continue throughout 2013 and are focused on improving current production and creating revenue for the America tax payer.

364

AIR QUALITY REPORT SPARKS CONTROVERSY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AIR QUALITY REPORT SPARKS CONTROVERSY ... The National Commission on Air Quality delivered its eagerly awaited report to Congress today, and reaction from industry and environmental groups is expected to be both swift and sharp. ... Created under the 1977 Clean Air Act, the commission was charged with assessing the effectiveness of the law, and recommending changes where the law falls short of achieving the goal of improving the nation's air quality. ...

1981-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

365

How to reverse-engineer quality rankings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A good or bad product quality rating can make or break an organization. However, the notion of “quality” is often defined by an independent rating ... step in this process is to “reverse-engineer” a rating compan...

Allison Chang; Cynthia Rudin; Michael Cavaretta; Robert Thomas…

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Accidental Deaths, Saved Lives, and Improved Quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...referred to earlier as compliance with evidence-based guidelines. Shortcomings of the Accidental-Death Construct. Unfortunately, the accident construct does not correspond exactly with medical reality. The identification of the causes and outcomes of medical injuries can be far murkier than an investigation... The authors argue that despite the success of the patient-safety movement in attracting the attention of the public and the medical profession, the Institute of Medicine's goal of reducing deaths from medical errors by 50 percent has not been achieved. They believe the greatest promise will come not from a focus on preventing accidental deaths but from dedication to evidence-based interventions to deliver more effective medical care.

Brennan T.A.Gawande A.Thomas E.Studdert D.

2005-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

367

Signal Timing Optimization to Improve Air Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the gap that the research on signal optimization at intersections lags behind the development of emissions models. The methodology development includes four levels: the vehicle level, the movement level, the intersection level, and the arterial level...

Lv, Jinpeng 1983-

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

368

Quality Improvement of a Plastic Injection Molder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 Cavity 9 Cavity 18 Cavity 37 Cavity 47 Y-bar Std Dev 1-1 1400 2.5 3.5 60 23.36 23.36 23.19 23.30 23.38 23.32 0.0776 1-2 1400 2.5 3.5 60 23.37 23.36 23.20 23.32 23.39 23.33 0.0760 1-3 1400 2.5 3.5 60 23.33 23.33 23.28 23.32 23.37 23.33 0.0321 1-4 1400 2.5 3.5 60 23.34 23.34 23.29 23.34 23.36 23.33 0

Vardeman, Stephen B.

369

Improving Air Quality with Solar Energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet series highlights how renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies can and are being used to reduce air emissions and meet environmental goals, showcasing case studies and technology-specific topics. This one focus on solar energy technologies.

Not Available

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Improving Air Quality with Solar Energy  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

This fact sheet series highlights how renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies can and are being used to reduce air emissions and meet environmental goals, showcasing case studies and technology-specific topics. This one focus on solar energy technologies.

2008-04-00T23:59:59.000Z

371

Cotton mutants with divergent fiber quality characteristics.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In the U.S. cotton industry there is a need for improved fiber quality to compete in International Markets. This market demands cotton fibers that are… (more)

Vining, Kimberly

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Unit 10: Software Quality To introduce software quality management and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. ¥ ISO 9001 Quality Systems - Model for Quality Assurance in Design/Development, Production, Installation intervals by management to ensure its continuing suitability, effectiveness and conformance with ISO 9001 with particular reference to the requirements of ISO 9000 and associated standards. Ð To introduce QFD

Finkelstein, Anthony

373

The sound quality of vehicle interior noise: a challenge for the NVH-engineers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The sound quality of vehicle interior noise has become a very important task for the acoustic engineers since more than 20 years. As vehicles become more and more quiet, the customer's sensitiveness for the acoustical comfort increases. On the one hand, no disturbing noises should be heard and on the other hand, the perceived sound quality, for example from the powertrain, should fulfill the expectations of the listener with respect to the sound design. The development of a good sound quality is in conflict with other targets. The development time of a new car has to be reduced and the production costs have to be lower, the total weight of the car should not increase â?? without any negative influence on the sound quality. For the acoustical engineer it becomes important to know what kind of tools are available to measure, to analyse and to describe sound quality on the one hand and how to improve it on the other hand.

Klaus Genuit

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Urban and Regional Air Quality  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

equipment equipment Urban and Regional Air Quality Research in this area is concerned with regional air quality issues such as: Controlling nitrogen oxides (NOx) and volatile organic compounds, to manage tropospheric ozone pollution. Hazardous air pollutants: using science to base standards on rigorously studied risks. Air quality and climate: how does climate influence air quality at a regional or local level? Current modeling practices often do not capture variations in pollutants such as ozone-they represent a limited sample of the diverse meteorology and human behavior that affect air pollution. Improved modeling of regional air quality will help understand variability, reveal patterns of behavior, and pollutant transport issues. Controlled experiments in lab and field can help validate improved models.

375

Quality Policy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Quality Policy It is the policy of the Department of Energy to establish quality requirements to ensure that risks and environmental impacts are minimized and that safety, reliability, and performance are maximized through the application of effective management systems commensurate with the risks posed by the facility or activity and its work. The Department implements this policy through the QA Order and the QA rule directives to ensure quality assurance requirements are clearly specified for the broad spectrum of work performed by DOE and its contractors.

376

Characterization of Process Efficiency Improvement in Laser Additive Manufacturing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Laser additive manufacturing (LAM) enables production of complex parts with good mechanical properties. Nevertheless, part manufacturing is still relatively slow and the process efficiency could be improved to achieve total breakthrough into series production. In this study, the process efficiency improvements via higher laser power and thicker powder layers are studied. Effect of the building parameters must be understood when increasing build rate. Track-wise and layer-wise manufacturing strategy involves different independent and dependent thermal cycles which all affect part properties. Effects of the processing parameters such as speed and power on single-track formation are examined, since the part quality depend strongly on each single-track and layer. It was concluded that heat input has important effect on the penetration depth and possibility to melt thicker powder layers. These were noticed to be crucial for improving process efficiency.

Ville Matilainen; Heidi Piili; Antti Salminen; Tatu Syvänen; Olli Nyrhilä

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

ASI … QMS Quality  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Q-003 EOTA Processes: Sequence and Interaction - Continual Improvement 11_0406 Page 1 of 3 Q-003 EOTA Processes: Sequence and Interaction - Continual Improvement 11_0406 Page 1 of 3 EOTA - System Level Document Title: EOTA Processes: Sequence and Interaction - Continual Improvement Document Number: Q-003 Rev 11_0406 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approvers: Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001 Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Documents: N/A Q-003 EOTA Processes: Sequence and Interaction - Continual Improvement 11_0406 Page 2 of 3 Revision History: Rev. Level Description of Change A Initial Release 07_1214 Updated to include new process 08_0805 Updated to include new process 09_0915 Updated to reflect processes more clearly. 10_0827 Updated to reflect process changes.

378

IMPROVING THE DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS FOR PARTICLE ACCELERATORS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The field quality in superconducting magnets has been improved to a level that it does not appear to be a limiting factor on the performance of RHIC. The many methods developed, improved and adopted during the course of this work have contributed significantly to that performance. One can not only design and construct magnets with better field quality than in one made before but can also improve on that quality after construction. The relative field error ({Delta}B/B) can now be made as low as a few parts in 10{sup {minus}5} at 2/3 of the coil radius. This is about an order of magnitude better than what is generally expected for superconducting magnets. This extra high field quality is crucial to the luminosity performance of RHIC. The research work described here covers a number of areas which all must be addressed to build the production magnets with a high field quality. The work has been limited to the magnetic design of the cross section which in most cases essentially determines the field quality performance of the whole magnet since these magnets are generally long. Though the conclusions to be presented in this chapter have been discussed at the end of each chapter, a summary of them might be useful to present a complete picture. The lessons learned from these experiences may be useful in the design of new magnets. The possibilities of future improvements will also be presented.

GUPTA,R.C.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Air Quality  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

What We Monitor & Why » What We Monitor & Why » Air Quality Air Quality To preserve our existing wilderness-area air quality, LANL implements a conscientious program of air monitoring. April 12, 2012 Real-time data monitoring for particulate matter An air monitoring field team member tests one of LANL's tapered element oscillating microbalance samplers, which collects real-time particulate matter data. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email LANL monitors air quality 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Why we monitor air LANL monitors many different pathways in order to assess their impact on workers, the public, animals, and plants. We monitor the air around the Laboratory to ensure our operations are not affecting the air of nearby

380

Quality Assurance  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish an effective management system [i.e., quality assurance programs (QAPs)] using the performance requirements of this Order, coupled with technical standards where appropriate. Cancels DOE O 414.1.

1999-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

PURPOSE: This product provides simulation capabilities to allow water resource managers to meet operational and water quality objectives in a basin wide approach under the System-Wide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the spring to conserve cooler water temperatures in the fall). Coupling ResSim and CE-QUAL-W2 (W2) provides- tives for in-pool and riverine locations for real-time water management and in planning studiesPURPOSE: This product provides simulation capabilities to allow water resource managers to meet

US Army Corps of Engineers

382

Managerial information behaviour: Relationships among Total Quality Management orientation, information use environments, and managerial roles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production process and customer information Low Total Quality Learning: continuous innovation and learning: exploration

Simard, C; Rice, Ronald E

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

NREL Improves System Efficiency and Increases Energy Transfer with Wind2H2 Project, Enabling Reduced Cost Electrolysis Production (Fact Sheet), Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Highlights (HFCTH)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 * November 2010 5 * November 2010 Energy transfer improvements from the 10-kW wind turbine tested by NREL. The graph shows successive improvement, including the latest preliminary third generation improvement in the green shaded area. Increased Energy Transfer: NREL continues to improve energy transfer from a 10-kW solar PV array, comparing directly coupling the PV array to the electrolyzer stack with a connection through a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) power electronics package designed at NREL. The experimental testing (above) revealed that direct coupling outperformed power electronics when solar irradiance levels are below 500 W/m 2 while the MPPT power converter delivered more energy to the stacks between 500 and 1,100 W/m 2 . These findings

384

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Congestion Mitigation Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program on AddThis.com...

385

Improvement of LNG production technology in gas-distribution stations with an increased content of carbon dioxide in supply-line gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility is considered of reducing the weight of absorbent in a carbon dioxide gas cleaning system during liquefied natural gas production in gas-distribution stations (due to use of a pressure drop ... is...

S. P. Gorbachev; S. V. Lyugai

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Empirical Methods for Detecting Regional Trends and Other Spatial Expressions in Antrim Shale Gas Productivity, with Implications for Improving Resource Projections Using Local Nonparametric Estimation Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The primary objectives of this research were to (1) investigate empirical methods for establishing regional trends in unconventional gas resources as exhibited by historical production data ... 80-acre cells) fro...

Timothy C. Coburn; Philip A. Freeman; Emil D. Attanasi

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 6 6 Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 6 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement Process Document Number: P-006 Rev 11_0304 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): P-008 Corrective-Preventive Action Process, P-004 Business System Management Review and REG-003 Records Register P-006 Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement Process 11_0304 Page 2 of 6 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release 08_0416 Changed verbiage in Step 6 to, "CAR/PAR/IO using P-008, Corrective-Preventive Action & Improvement Opportunity"

388

Enabling process improvements through visual performance indicators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Most modern production processes automatically generate volumes of rich data, including equipment states, material presentations, labor content, and quality non- conformances. Unfortunately, much of this data is either ...

McCaghren, Neville G. (Neville Gregory)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Designer Sorghum Combining the High Digestibility and Waxy Grain Traits of Sorghum for Improved Nutrition Bioethanol Beer Feed and Food Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with 100% amylopectin, designating it as a waxy sorghum. Waxy endosperm sorghum lines are generally more digestible, leading to improved feed efficiency, and are easier to process, which is useful both industrial and food uses (Del Pozo-Insfran et al...

Jampala, Babitha

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

390

2010 Quality Council Annual Report | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2010 Quality Council Annual Report 2010 Quality Council Annual Report 2010 Quality Council Annual Report Introduction The Department of Energy (DOE) Quality Council (Council) has been in effect since November 2008 and provides a corporate forum for Federal quality assurance (QA) experts from across the DOE complex to identify and address DOE QA policy needs, to identify and recommend actions for continuous improvement of the quality of DOE work, and to facilitate improvement of DOE QA program implementation and maintenance. The Council has promoted improvements in DOE's corporate approach to quality through providing a forum for interactions among quality experts in the DOE Secretarial Offices and Field Offices. It has also helped DOE quality professionals expand their networks, improve their communications complex wide, and gain

391

AIR QUALITY IMPACTS OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE ADOPTION IN TEXAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

improving regional air quality, increasing energy security, and taking advantage of inexpensive solar power 2008) and improve air quality (Sioshansi and Denholm 2009, Thompson et al. 2009). Even as many adoptAIR QUALITY IMPACTS OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE ADOPTION IN TEXAS Brice G. Nichols Associate Planner Puget

Kockelman, Kara M.

392

Measurement of the Muon Charge Asymmetry in Inclusive pp ? W + X Production at ?s = 7 TeV and an Improved Determination of Light Parton Distribution Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of the muon charge asymmetry in inclusive pp ? W + X production at ?s = 7??TeV are presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 4.7??fb[superscript ?1] recorded with the CMS detector ...

Apyan, Aram

393

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Street Sweepers Improve Air  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Street Natural Gas Street Sweepers Improve Air Quality in New York to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Street Sweepers Improve Air Quality in New York on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Street Sweepers Improve Air Quality in New York on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Street Sweepers Improve Air Quality in New York on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Street Sweepers Improve Air Quality in New York on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Street Sweepers Improve Air Quality in New York on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Street Sweepers Improve Air Quality in New York on AddThis.com...

394

Quality Assurance Program Plan | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Quality Assurance Program Plan Quality Assurance Program Plan Quality Assurance Program Plan The achievement of quality in LM activities and products requires implementation of a formal Quality Assurance (QA) Program. This program establishes principles, requirements, practices, and methods for integrating quality into the daily operations of our programs and projects. The QA Program functions as a management tool to ensure that quality objectives are achieved throughout LM's technical, administrative, and operational functions. Achieving quality is the responsibility of managers as well as those who perform the work. Each employee is expected to do the job in accordance with procedures and other requirements. The name LM must represent quality to us, our customers, our service providers, and our

395

Diesel engine lubrication with poor quality residual fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quality of marine residual fuel is declining. This is being caused by a gradual trend towards production of heavier crudes and increased residuum conversion processes in refineries to meet light product demand while holding down crude runs. Additionally, more stringent inland fuel sulfur regulations have caused the higher sulfur residues to be used for marine residual fuel blending. Engine manufacturers are making major efforts in design so that their engines can burn these fuels at high efficiency with minimum adverse effects. The oil industry is developing improved lubricants to reduce as much as possible the increased wear and deposit formation caused by these poor quality fuels. To guide the development of improved lubricants, knowledge is required about the impact of the main fuel characteristics on lubrication. This paper summarizes work conducted to assess the impact of fuel sulfur, Conradson carbon and asphaltenes on wear and deposit formation in engines representative of full scale crosshead diesel engines and medium speed trunk piston engines. Results obtained with improved lubricants in these engines are reviewed.

Van der Horst, G.W.; Hold, G.E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Focus groups: impact of quality and process capability factors on the silicon wafer slicing process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Silicon wafer slicing is a highly complex manufacturing process, complicating efforts to monitor individual product type process stability and quality control effectively. Specifically, silicon wafer slicing involves multiple quality characteristics that occur synchronously. However, quantitative methods, such as process capability indices (PCIs) and statistical process control (SPC) charts, for monitoring slicing problems are limited. Therefore, this study presents a focus group procedure that explores engineering knowledge and expertise. Organisations can use focus groups to create knowledge of stable processes, optimal settings and quality control. Interactive discussions indicate that focus groups can improve productivity and decision making effectiveness either by accelerating the decision making or by increasing decision quality. Moreover, the proposed procedure enables an engineer to rapidly adjust a manufacturing system to eliminate problems related to slicing process instability phenomena and improve slicing quality and process capability. Finally, the SPC chart and the exponential weighted moving average (EWMA) control chart are presented to demonstrate and verify the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed methods.

Chin-Tsai Lin; Che-Wei Chang; Chie-Bein Chen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Benefits and costs of improved IEQ in offices  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Benefits and costs of improved IEQ in offices Benefits and costs of improved IEQ in offices Title Benefits and costs of improved IEQ in offices Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Fisk, William J., Douglas R. Black, and Gregory Brunner Journal Indoor Air Volume 21 Issue 3 Pagination 357-367 Keywords dampness and mold, health, ieq improvement, offices, temperature, ventilation Abstract This paper estimates some of the benefits and costs of implementing scenarios that improve indoor environmental quality (IEQ) in the stock of U.S. office buildings. The scenarios include increasing ventilation rates when they are below 10 or 15 L/s per person, adding outdoor-air economizers and controls when absent, eliminating winter indoor temperatures greater than 23 °C, and reducing dampness and mold problems. The estimated benefits of the scenarios analyzed are substantial in magnitude, including increased work performance, reduced sick building syndrome symptoms, reduced absence, and improved thermal comfort for millions of office workers. The combined potential annual economic benefit of a set of non-overlapping scenarios is approximately $20 billion. While the quantitative estimates have a high uncertainty, the opportunity for substantial benefits is clear. Some IEQ improvement measures will save energy while improving health or productivity, and implementing these measures should be the highest priority.

398

Quality Assurance  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish an effective management system [i.e., quality assurance programs(QAPs)] using the performance requirements of this Order, coupled with technical standards where appropriate. Change 1, dated 7/12/01, facilitates the Department's organizational transition necessitated by establishment of the NNSA. (Attachment 2 of this Order is canceled by DOE O 470.2B.) Cancels: DOE O 414.1

2001-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

399

Analysis of Syngas Quality from Portuguese Biomasses: An Experimental and Numerical Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On the other hand, the use of gasifiers instead of combustors shows clear advantages, namely, the generation of a syngas with improved quality to be used in the production of Fischer-tropsch liquids, fuel cells, clean fuel combustion, and cheaper CO2 underground sequestration. ... Field, M. A.Rate of combustion of size-graded fractions of char from a low rank coal between 1200K-2000K Combust. ...

Valter Silva; Eliseu Monteiro; Nuno Couto; Paulo Brito; Abel Rouboa

2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

400

8 - Origins of wine quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Inherent in all serious wine tastings is the explicit or tacit exploration of quality of wine. The major problem is that no clear consensus exists as to what constitutes wine quality. It has frequently been noted that it is easier to perceive quality than to describe it. All broadly based concepts of quality are predicated on attributes such as sensory complexity, subtlety, balance, elegance, development, duration, and uniqueness. Such measures are all subject to marked variation in perception, not only because of differences in human sensory skill, but also because of experience. Although this makes precise description and comparison of wine quality difficult, there is often surprising agreement among judges. This has permitted grape growers and winemakers to roughly understand those practices and features that can lead to wine greatness. Although seldom acknowledged, the most critical factor in wine quality is the winemaker. Our olfactory skills are not up to the task of recognizing the styles of individual winemakers. Grape cultivars' use and production style are next in importance to wine quality. The vast majority of grape cultivars are not known to produce wine with a distinctive aroma. Even some famous cultivars are notorious for their elusive varietal aroma, notably Pinot noir. Production style more distinctly stamps its particular flavor profile on a wine. Storage conditions and aging also progressively modify wine character.

Ronald S. Jackson

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Quality Assurance  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The purpose of the Order is to ensure that DOE, including NNSA, products and services meet or exceed customers’ requirements and expectations. Cancels DOE O 414.1C. Adm Chg 1, 5-8-13

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

402

General Water Quality (Oklahoma) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

General Water Quality (Oklahoma) General Water Quality (Oklahoma) General Water Quality (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Environmental Quality The purpose of this water quality rule is to protect, maintain and improve

403

E-Print Network 3.0 - analyzing service quality Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ISO 9000 consists of three quality assurance models and a quality management model; ISO 9001, ISO... , production, installation, and servicing. ISO 9002 is a model for...

404

E-Print Network 3.0 - analytical quality control Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

this trial and error process without sacrificing quality. Process control... the design process, and result in better quality products. A neural model can also supplement...

405

MARKET SHARE INDICATES QUALITY AMIR BAN AND NATI LINIAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MARKET SHARE INDICATES QUALITY AMIR BAN AND NATI LINIAL Abstract. Market share and quality to the effect that higher market share indicates higher quality. Indeed, such an inference would need detailed quality. We investigate a model where customers are informed about their history with products and about

Linial, Nathan "Nati"

406

Underlying Quality Principles  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These principles are consistent with Integrated Safety Management Policy, P 450.4A and support ISM implementation. 1. Define Policies and Objectives--Ensure they are Understood and Accepted. Management must set expectations for the organization as a whole before employees can do their jobs, satisfy their customers, and strive to improve the quality of their work. This is accomplished by developing and implementing specific policies and objectives that reflect the operating philosophy of the facility's management. Once these policies and objectives have been established, all managers must take the necessary actions to ensure that each employee shares their vision of the organization's purpose.

407

Caustic washing for refining of direct coal liquefaction products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extensive research and development sponsored by the U.S. DOE/PETC over the past two decades has resulted in dramatic improvements in the quality of direct coal liquefaction products. High-quality coal-derived distillates are obtainable from catalytic two-stage liquefaction (TSL) processes, such as those developed at the Wilsonville, AL pilot plant and the Hydrocarbon Technologies Inc. (HTI) pilot plant and bench units. The products of the Wilsonville and HTI TSL operations are suitable as high quality feedstocks for producing transportation fuels in a refinery. These products have important quality advantages over crude petroleum: they are distillates boiling below about 700{degrees}F and are thus virtually free of resid and metals, and they have very low sulfur contents and low nitrogen contents. The coal liquids have carbon and hydrogen contents and Watson characterization factors within the range of crude petroleums. However, relative to crude petroleum, the crude coal products have elevated oxygen contents. This report describes the removal of phenols from coal liquids by caustic washing, and the the recovery of the cresylic acid by-product.

Winschel, R.A.; Burke, F.P.; Robbins, G.A.; Brandes, S.D. [CONSOL, Inc., Library, PA (United States); Zhou, P. [Burns and Roe Services Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

408

Quality Assurance: Fundamentals of the DOE Quality System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fundamentals of the DOE Quality System Fundamentals of the DOE Quality System The quality assurance program is a management system involving all organizational components and should not be regarded as the sole domain of any single group. The Order and Rule reflects the concept that all work is a process that can be planned, performed, assessed, and improved. The basic requirements are broken into three categories: MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT This format permits managers, those performing the work, and those assessing the planning implementation, and results of the work to focus on their unique responsibilities in carrying out the provisions of the quality assurance program. The three categories capture the range of activities common to all work, from organizing and staffing to assessing results and

409

Data Driven Quality Assurance and Quality Control  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

"Data Driven Quality Assurance & Quality Control," Patrick Roche, Conservation Services Group. Provides an overview of data QA/QC system design.

410

Quality Assurance Exchange, January 2007  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 1 J a n u a r y 2 0 0 7 I N S I D E T H I S I S S U E : Departmental Elements Respond to "Improving QA" 1 "How To" Series on Performing Assessments: Post Field Investigation Activities 1 Best Practices: Appropriate Metrics Facilitate Data-Driven IT Decisions 4 SQA Work Activity #4: Procurement and Supplier Management 6 Safety Software Central Registry Activities 7 Upcoming Conferences & Training (relating to DOE / Nuclear & General QA) 8 Q U A L I T Y A S S U R A N C E E X C H A N G E In his memorandum "Improving Quality As- surance," dated April 26, 2006, the Secretary of Energy stated the Department's priority of implementing an effective Quality Assurance program (QAP) and promulgating a quality culture throughout the DOE complex. The

411

IT Quality Assurance | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quality Quality Assurance IT Quality Assurance Quality, error-free work holds down costs. Avoiding mistakes and rework saves valuable time, effort, and materials. Quality assurance provides the mechanisms for paying close attention to details so that tasks are completed correctly and accurately every step of the way. A quality assurance role should be established for all projects. Software Quality Assurance Plan Example (pdf) An example of a software quality assurance plan developed from an actual DOE project SQA plan based on DOE G 200.1-1A, Software Engineering Methodology. Structured Walkthrough Training and Guidance (pdf) Classroom or individual project team training and materials on how to conduct structured walkthroughs (peer review of products/code). This process guide describes how to conduct a structured walkthrough during the

412

Safety Software Quality Assurance- Central Registry  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A significant improvement in the quality assurance of safety software used at the Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear facilities was achieved with the establishment of a list of "toolbox" codes that...

413

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance Plan. The Software Quality Assurance Plan is intended to ensure all actions necessary for the software life cycle; verification and validation activities; documentation and deliverables; project management; configuration management, nonconformance reporting and corrective action; and quality assessment and improvement have been planned and a systematic pattern of all actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a software product conforms to established technical requirements; and to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Kent Norris

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance Plan. The Software Quality Assurance Plan is intended to ensure all actions necessary for the software life cycle; verification and validation activities; documentation and deliverables; project management; configuration management, nonconformance reporting and corrective action; and quality assessment and improvement have been planned and a systematic pattern of all actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a software product conforms to established technical requirements; and to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Kent Norris

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Energy and air quality implications of passive stack ventilation in residential buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to optimize indoor air quality and energy use. The resultsthe indoor air quality and energy use of passive stacks.of the improved air quality is energy consumption increases

Mortensen, Dorthe Kragsig

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Enhancing CHBE Indoor Air Quality: Biowall Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the current status of the subject matter of a project/report". #12;Enhancing CHBE Indoor Air Quality: Biowall .............................................................................................................................................1 2.0 Indoor Air Quality..................................................................................................................2 2.2 Improve Air Quality, Health and Wellbeing

417

Surveillance Guides - Continous Improvement  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT 1.0 Objective The objective of this surveillance is to verify that contractor personnel are effectively managing environment, safety, and health issues in a manner that fosters continuous improvement. The activities included in this surveillance help the Facility Representative determine whether safety issues identified through internal contractor, and external DOE or Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board evaluation programs are resolved consistent with the level of safety importance. 2.0 References 2.1 DOE O 414.1, Quality Assurance 2.2 DOE O 232.1, Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information 2.3 DOE-STD-1045-93, Guide to Good Practices for Notifications and Investigations of Abnormal Events 2.4 48 CFR 1970.5204, Department of Energy Acquisition

418

Price-quality incentives in U.S. cotton.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The general issue of assessing and improving vertical coordination related to cotton price and quality is the focus of this study. Key issues addressed include:… (more)

Jung, SangNyeol

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Functional Genomics of Maize Endosperm Maturation and Protein Quality.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Maize is one of the most important cereal crops and widely cultivated throughout the world. The study on maize kernel development including protein quality improvement… (more)

Yuan, Lingling

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Quality Assurance Exchange March 2011, Volume 7 Issue 1 | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

management process. This information is very positive and highlights a Department of Energy (DOE) project that simultaneously improved quality, reduced project costs, and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Improving Process Cooling Tower Eddiciency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 7 Improving Cooling Tower Efficiency ? Two Improvements in Capacity/Performance 1. Filtration for water quality control Side stream filtration Make up water quality...-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 2 Types of Cooling Towers Forced Draft Towers ESL-IE-13-05-08 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 3 Types...

Turpish, W.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Quality assurance | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quality assurance Quality assurance Subscribe to RSS - Quality assurance Quality: the characteristics of a product or service that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs. Quality Assurance: the planned and systematic activities implemented to provide confidence that a product or service will fulfill its requirements for quality. PPPL teams up with USDA to produce new egg pasteurization method Researchers at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have developed a novel technique and device for rapidly pasteurizing eggs in the shell without damaging the delicate egg white. The process could lead to a sharp reduction in illnesses caused by egg-borne salmonella bacteria, a widespread public health concern.

423

Princeton Plasma Physics Lab - Quality assurance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

quality-assurance Quality: the quality-assurance Quality: the characteristics of a product or service that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs.Quality Assurance: the planned and systematic activities implemented to provide confidence that a product or service will fulfill its requirements for quality. en PPPL teams up with USDA to produce new egg pasteurization method http://www.pppl.gov/news/press-releases/2013/09/pppl-teams-usda-produce-new-egg-pasteurization-method

Researchers at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have developed a novel technique

424

Agile, Robust Designs: Increasing Quality and Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Software Cleanroom is a concept that integrates the product teams, information technology, and the demand for increasing quality. It is designed to fulfill the long-term vision: to develop and integrate new t...

James A. Crowder; Shelli Friess

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Systems Engineering Introduction to Software Quality Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for quality management ISO 9001:2000 is a generic model of the quality process; ISO 9001:2008 clarifies ISO 9001:2000 ISO 9001:2008 applicable to any organisation that designs, develops and maintains products (or services) ISO 9000-3 interprets 9001 for software dev. 12 Features of ISO 9001:2008 Organisational

Bryson, Joanna J.

426

QualityAssurance&Testing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Testing and Testing Manufacturing Technologies The Manufacturing Science & Technology Center provides customers with manufacturing quality requirements, testing standards and specifica- tions for new product designs, including the implementation of these requirements into final product acceptance complete with documenta- tion. Technical support and procedures are fur- nished for Interagency Product Acceptance. Capabilities * Will inspect printed circuit (PC) boards, wire wrap boards, boxes, chassis, cables, racks, systems, etc. * Work from sketches or formal drawings * Review drawings and requirements * Visual inspections for layout, markings, solder joints, components, mechanical assembly, general workmanship, safety * Point-to-point continuity checks

427

ARM - Data Quality Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quality Program Quality Program DQ Resources Data Quality Assessment and Control Report (PDF, 747KB) Data Quality Office Data Quality Problem Reporting (DQPR) Contact Us Submit Data Quality Findings Randy Peppler, Data Quality Manager Ken Kehoe, Data Quality Specialist Justin Monroe, Data Quality Specialist Adam Theisen, Data Quality Specialist Sean Moore, Data Quality Consultant Instrument and Site Contacts Instrument Mentors AAF Contacts AMF Contacts NSA Site Contacts SGP Site Contacts TWP Site Contacts Data Quality Program Introduction One of the goals of the ARM Climate Research Facility is to provide datastreams of quality suitable for scientific research. Maintaining data quality for an organization program of the size and complexity of the ARM Facility is a significant challenge; efforts toward this end have matured

428

Water Use and Quality Assessment | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

energy security and climate change, and not on the possible effects increased biofuel production may have on the quality and quantity of local and regional freshwater...

429

Quality and Price Perceptions of Urban Chinese Consumers.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Abstract Quality and price are two product attributes that urban Chinese consumers always take into consideration in the evaluation of alternative brands. Understanding how they… (more)

Zhang , Chun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Passive solar strategies as a logic for improved architectural design: Two prototypes for modular housing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a project in which two passive solar housing prototypes were developed for mass production as modular housing. The prototypes have been built and are currently being marketed and thermally monitored. The project received support from the U.S. DOE under its Passive Solar Manufactured Buildings Program. The goal of this project was to develop a prototype which incorporated passive solar technologies into modular housing. Because modular housing is an industrialized product, this incorporation involved relating to a construction process as well as deriving the design of a new product. This paper addresses the issues of modular housing production that impact energy efficiency, passive solar design, and architectural quality. The product's design evolution is described, with emphasis upon how solutions for the prototype(s) were derived in response to factory construction processes, cost, existing and potential markets and the extended goal to improve both energy efficiency and architectural design while introducing passive solar strategies.

Reeder, B.C.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Cost of quality tradeoffs in manufacturing process and inspection strategy selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In today's highly competitive markets manufacturers must provide high quality products to survive. Manufacturers can achieve higher levels of quality by changing their manufacturing process and/or by product inspection ...

Zaklouta, Hadi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Step 7: Motivate Your Workforce for Continuous Improvement |...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Your Workforce for Continuous Improvement Both program administrators and local building energy professionals are interested in delivering high-quality services to customers,...

433

Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

minimum of problems. The Vehicle Technologies Office has collaborated with industry to test biofuel samples and improve both their quality and consistency over time....

434

Did Hospital Engagement Networks Actually Improve Care?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of evidence to assess the effect of the PfP. We agree with Pronovost and Jha that science should drive quality-improvement efforts, and we look forward to collaborating with them and others on improving the science while also driving rapid, large-scale improvements to benefit patients. To the Editor: The Partnership for Patients model test (PfP), discussed in a Perspective article by Pronovost and Jha (Aug. 21 issue),1 is a large-scale quality-improvement program designed to make hospital care safer, more reliable, and less costly by ...

2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

435

Energy and Indoor Environmental Quality Retrofits in Low-Income  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy and Indoor Environmental Quality Retrofits in Low-Income Apartments ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY to save energy. The major elements influenced by this project: people, energy/air quality and apartments save energy and improve indoor environmental quality conditions. Project Description The broad goals

436

Air Quality and Emissions Impacts of Heat Island Mitigation Strategies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

considerations, implementation plans, and an initial evaluation of solar energy systems' potential air quality in state implementation plans for air quality improvement. · Analyze the potential effects of largescaleAir Quality and Emissions Impacts of Heat Island Mitigation Strategies ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH

437

2010 Quality Council Annual Report 5-18-11  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY QUALITY COUNCIL ANNUAL REPORT For Calendar Year 2010 Office of Health Safety and Security 2 Introduction The Department of Energy (DOE) Quality Council (Council) has been in effect since November 2008 and provides a corporate forum for Federal quality assurance (QA) experts from across the DOE complex to identify and address DOE QA policy needs, to identify and recommend actions for continuous improvement of the quality of DOE work, and to facilitate improvement of DOE QA program implementation and maintenance. The Council has promoted improvements in DOE's corporate approach to quality through providing a forum for interactions among quality experts in the DOE Secretarial Offices and Field Offices. It has also helped DOE quality professionals

438

Surface Water Quality Standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SURFACE WATER QUALITY STANDARDS AAs part of the ongoing program to manage Texaswater quality, the Texas Commission onEnvironmental Quality (TCEQ) is currently review- ing the Texas Surface Water Quality Standards, including the standards... for contact recreation use. Preliminary public comment plus input from the Surface Water Quality Standards Advisory Work Group have provided guidance on options available for revising the standards, said Jim Davenport, leader of the TCEQ Water Quality...

Wythe, Kathy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Improving water use in crop production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...doi:10.1093/jexbot/49.suppl_1.453 . Ma, X , Fukushima, Y, Liu, C, Wu, X2003A hydrological model application...D2002Selection for reduced carbon isotope discrimination increases aerial biomass and grain yield of rainfed bread wheat. Crop Sci...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Improving Photosynthesis for Hydrogen and Fuels Production -...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

using this approach? A: Wild type green microalgae can normally convert 2-3% of solar energy (solar-to-biomass conversion). The tla1 strain converts about 4-5%. Q: Will this...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Environmental Quality: Air (Louisiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Environmental Quality regulates air quality in Louisiana. The Department has an established a fee system for funding the monitoring, investigation and other activities required...

442

Quality Assurance Specialist  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The selectee will serve as a Quality Assurance (QA) Specialist within the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID). The Quality Assurance Specialist (QAS) provides specialized...

443

Quality Assurance Exchange, September 2007  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 3 S e p t e m b e r 2 0 0 7 I N S I D E T H I S I S S U E : Focus on Quality Assurance 1 Use of QA Consensus Standards 1 What is the Analytical Services Program? 3 SQA Work Activity #6: Safety Software Design & Implementation 4 HSS QA Activity Corner 6 Upcoming Meetings & Conferences 7 Just for Fun 8 Q U A L I T Y A S S U R A N C E E X C H A N G E HSS FOCUS ON QUALITY ASSURANCE health, as well as the environment, de- crease and productivity increases with the appropriate rigor of quality assurance. The corporate responsibility for ensuring implementation of these five principles rests within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS). HS-20, the Office of Nuclear Safety and Environment, inter- prets QA requirements and develops pol- icy; HS-30, the Office of Corporate Safety

444

Ian Sommerville 2004 Software Engineering, 7th edition. Chapter 28 Slide 1 Process Improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sommerville 2004 Software Engineering, 7th edition. Chapter 28 Slide 8 Process quality and product quality Engineering, 7th edition. Chapter 28 Slide 9 Principal product quality factors ©Ian Sommerville 2004 Software Engineering, 7th edition. Chapter 28 Slide 10 Quality factors For large projects with `average' capabilities

Huang, Jung-Chang

445

IS&JCH040421 Software Engineering. Chapter 25 Slide 0 of 33 Process Improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

change Train engineers ©IS&JCH040421 Software Engineering. Chapter 25 Slide 7 of 33 Process quality Software Engineering. Chapter 25 Slide 8 of 33 Principal product quality factors Product quality Engineering. Chapter 25 Slide 9 of 33 Quality factors For large projects with `average' capabilities

Huang, Jung-Chang

446

Process-Based Quality (PBQ) Tools Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this effort is to benchmark the development of process-based quality tools for application in CAD (computer-aided design) model-based applications. The processes of interest are design, manufacturing, and quality process applications. A study was commissioned addressing the impact, current technologies, and known problem areas in application of 3D MCAD (3-dimensional mechanical computer-aided design) models and model integrity on downstream manufacturing and quality processes. The downstream manufacturing and product quality processes are profoundly influenced and dependent on model quality and modeling process integrity. The goal is to illustrate and expedite the modeling and downstream model-based technologies for available or conceptual methods and tools to achieve maximum economic advantage and advance process-based quality concepts.

Cummins, J.L.

2001-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

447

Reliability: The Other Dimension of Quality William Q. Meeker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the relationship between engineering quality and reliability and outline the role of statistics and statisticiansReliability: The Other Dimension of Quality William Q. Meeker Department of Statistics Iowa State in the use of statistical methods for product quality. Tools for process monitoring and, particularly

448

Improving energy efficiency in a pharmaceutical manufacturing environment  – office building .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Reducing energy consumption without compromising the quality of products in a pharmaceutical manufacturing environment and maintaining the comfort of employees is of critical important in… (more)

Li, Wu, M. Eng Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Waste Management Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The WMG QAP is an integral part of a management system designed to ensure that WMG activities are planned, performed, documented, and verified in a manner that assures a quality product. A quality product is one that meets all waste acceptance criteria, conforms to all permit and regulatory requirements, and is accepted at the offsite treatment, storage, and disposal facility. In addition to internal processes, this QA Plan identifies WMG processes providing oversight and assurance to line management that waste is managed according to all federal, state, and local requirements for waste generator areas. A variety of quality assurance activities are integral to managing waste. These QA functions have been identified in the relevant procedures and in subsequent sections of this plan. The WMG QAP defines the requirements of the WMG quality assurance program. These requirements are derived from Department of Energy (DOE) Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, Contractor Requirements Document, the LBNL Operating and Assurance Program Plan (OAP), and other applicable environmental compliance documents. The QAP and all associated WMG policies and procedures are periodically reviewed and revised, as necessary, to implement corrective actions, and to reflect changes that have occurred in regulations, requirements, or practices as a result of feedback on work performed or lessons learned from other organizations. The provisions of this QAP and its implementing documents apply to quality-affecting activities performed by the WMG; WMG personnel, contractors, and vendors; and personnel from other associated LBNL organizations, except where such contractors, vendors, or organizations are governed by their own WMG-approved QA programs.

Waste Management Group

2006-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

450

NETL: Air Quality III Conference  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Air Quality III Conference - September 12, 2002 Air Quality III Conference - September 12, 2002 Table of Contents Disclaimer Papers and Presentations Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government or any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

451

Conceptual process planning – an improvement approach using QFD, FMEA, and ABC methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conceptual process planning (CPP) is an important technique for assessing the manufacturability and estimating the cost of conceptual design in the early product design stage. This paper presents an approach to develop a quality/cost-based conceptual process planning (QCCPP). This approach aims to determine key process resources with estimation of manufacturing cost, taking into account the risk cost associated to the process plan. It can serve as a useful methodology to support the decision making during the initial planning stage of the product development cycle. Quality function deployment (QFD) method is used to select the process alternatives by incorporating a capability function for process elements called a composite process capability index (CCP). The quality characteristics and the process elements in QFD method have been taken as input to complete process failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) table. To estimate manufacturing cost, the proposed approach deploys activity-based costing (ABC) method. Then, an extended technique of classical FMEA method is employed to estimate the cost of risks associated to the studied process plan, this technique is called cost-based FMEA. For each resource combination, the output data is gathered in a selection table that helps for detailed process planning in order to improve product quality/cost ratio. A case study is presented to illustrate this approach.

Alaa Hassan; Ali Siadat; Jean-Yves Dantan; Patrick Martin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Indoor Air Quality Poor indoor air quality comes from many sources. It can lead to having  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Indoor Air Quality Fact Sheet Poor indoor air quality comes from many sources. It can lead Indoor Air Pollutants · Molds · Pollen · Dander from pet fur · Secondhand smoke · Formaldehyde · Carbon monoxide that comes from burning propane, other gases and fuels, and charcoal · Household products

453

Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

quality of renewable energy production and then assessingmagnitude of the renewable energy production (wind and/ora renewable energy portfolio to increase production capacity

Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Design and manufacturing tolerances optimisation with quality loss functions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The competition in the current world market has forced the manufacturers to produce products with low cost and high quality. Production of high quality products at low cost requires the concurrent optimisation of design and manufacturing tolerances along with quality loss. Tolerance allocation is a design tool for minimising over-all cost of manufacturing, while meeting target levels for quality. Since, in traditional method, the allocation of tolerances is based on designer's own experience, it may significantly affect a product's quality and the resulting manufacturing costs. Hence, in this work, the tolerance allocation problem is formulated as a non-linear integer model by considering both the design and manufacturing tolerances so as to minimise the manufacturing cost and quality loss. Genetic algorithm is employed to solve the model and an example is presented to illustrate the methodology. Results are compared with conventional techniques and the performances are analysed.

P. Muthu; V. Dhanalakshmi; K. Sankaranarayanasamy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Track 9: Quality Assurance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

ISM Workshop Presentations Knoxville Convention Center, Knoxville, TN August 2009 Track 9: Quality Assurance

456

Lightning Arrestor Connectors Production Readiness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lightning Arrestor Connector (LAC), part “M”, presented opportunities to improve the processes used to fabricate LACs. The A## LACs were the first production LACs produced at the KCP, after the product was transferred from Pinnellas. The new LAC relied on the lessons learned from the A## LACs; however, additional improvements were needed to meet the required budget, yield, and schedule requirements. Improvement projects completed since 2001 include Hermetic Connector Sealing Improvement, Contact Assembly molding Improvement, development of a second vendor for LAC shells, general process improvement, tooling improvement, reduction of the LAC production cycle time, and documention of the LAC granule fabrication process. This report summarizes the accomplishments achieved in improving the LAC Production Readiness.

Marten, Steve; Linder, Kim; Emmons, Jim; Gomez, Antonio; Hasam, Dawud; Maurer, Michelle

2008-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

457

Illumina Production Sequencing at the DOE Joint Genome Institute - Workflow and Optimizations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute?s (JGI) Production Sequencing group is committed to the generation of high-quality genomic DNA sequence to support the DOE mission areas of renewable energy generation, global carbon management, and environmental characterization and clean-up. Within the JGI?s Production Sequencing group, the Illumina Genome Analyzer pipeline has been established as one of three sequencing platforms, along with Roche/454 and ABI/Sanger. Optimization of the Illumina pipeline has been ongoing with the aim of continual process improvement of the laboratory workflow. These process improvement projects are being led by the JGI?s Process Optimization, Sequencing Technologies, Instrumentation& Engineering, and the New Technology Production groups. Primary focus has been on improving the procedural ergonomics and the technicians? operating environment, reducing manually intensive technician operations with different tools, reducing associated production costs, and improving the overall process and generated sequence quality. The U.S. DOE JGI was established in 1997 in Walnut Creek, CA, to unite the expertise and resources of five national laboratories? Lawrence Berkeley, Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, Oak Ridge, and Pacific Northwest ? along with HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology. JGI is operated by the University of California for the U.S. DOE.

Tarver, Angela; Fern, Alison; Diego, Matthew San; Kennedy, Megan; Zane, Matthew; Daum, Christopher; Hack, Christopher; Tang, Eric; Deshpande, Shweta; Cheng, Jan-Fang; Roberts, Simon; Alexandre, Melanie; Harmon-Smith, Miranda; Lucas, Susan

2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

458

Factors affecting water quality in Cherokee Reservoir  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose was to: (1) define reservoir problems related to water quality conditions; (2) identify the probable causes of these problems; and (3) recommend procedures for achieving needed reservoir water quality improvements. This report presents the project findings to date and suggests steps for upgrading the quality of Cherokee Reservoir. Section II presents background information on the characteristics of the basin, the reservoir, and the beneficial uses of the reservoir. Section III identifies the impacts of existing reservoir water quality on uses of the reservoir for water supply, fishery resources, recreation, and waste assimilation. Section IV presents an assessment of cause-effect relationships. The factors affecting water quality addressed in Section IV are: (1) reservoir thermal stratification and hydrodynamics; (2) dissolved oxygen depletion; (3) eutrophication; (4) toxic substances; and (5) reservoir fisheries. Section V presents a preliminary evaluation of alternatives for improving the quality of Cherokee Reservoir. Section VI presents preliminary conclusions and recommendations for developing and implementing a reservoir water quality management plan. 7 references, 22 figures, 21 tables.

Iwanski, M.L.; Higgins, J.M.; Kim, B.R.; Young, R.C.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Improved aethalometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved aethalometer having a single light source and a single light detector and two light paths from the light source to the light detector. A quartz fiber filter is inserted in the device, the filter having a collection area in one light path and a reference area in the other light path. A gas flow path through the aethalometer housing allows ambient air to flow through the collection area of the filter so that aerosol particles can be collected on the filter. A rotating disk with an opening therethrough allows light for the light source to pass alternately through the two light paths. The voltage output of the detector is applied to a VCO and the VCO pulses for light transmission separately through the two light paths, are counted and compared to determine the absorption coefficient of the collected aerosol particles. 5 figs.

Hansen, A.D.

1988-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

460

Ethanol production from lignocellulose  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention presents a method of improving enzymatic degradation of lignocellulose, as in the production of ethanol from lignocellulosic material, through the use of ultrasonic treatment. The invention shows that ultrasonic treatment reduces cellulase requirements by 1/3 to 1/2. With the cost of enzymes being a major problem in the cost-effective production of ethanol from lignocellulosic material, this invention presents a significant improvement over presently available methods.

Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL); Wood, Brent E. (Gainesville, FL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Use of biodiesel in marine fuel formulation: A study of combustion quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The quality of ignition and combustion of blends of soy biodiesel and marine fuels was evaluated. Faced with the increasing implementation of processes for converting heavier oil fractions, the availability of streams to formulate marine fuels has been reduced. In this context, the use of biodiesel is important to minimize problems caused by the retraction in production of these streams and improve marine fuel quality. Since composition and stability properties are of great importance and influence directly the combustion quality, the composition was determined using the SARA analysis by thin layer chromatography and a flame ionization detector and the mixtures' stability evaluation was made by optical scanning. Using the equipment Fuel Combustion Analyzer, mixtures of marine fuels and soy biodiesel were tested, varying the biodiesel content by volume in the mixture at levels up to 10% v/v. The results show that the addition of biofuel to marine fuels, in the evaluated conditions, does not compromise the combustion quality of the bunker oil and, in some cases, had even increased the estimated cetane number, indicating increased quality of ignition and combustion.

Elisia dos Santos Prucole; Ricardo Rodrigues da Cunha Pinto; Maria Letícia Murta Valle

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Optimization and the effect of steam turbine outlet quality on the output power of a combined cycle power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A narrow path exists to a sustainable solution which passes through careful steps of efficiency improvement (resource management) and provides environmental friendly energies. Thermal power plants are more common in many power production sites around the world. Therefore, in this current research study a comprehensive thermodynamic modeling of a combined cycle power plant with dual pressure heat recovery steam generator is presented. Since the steam turbine outlet quality is a restrictive parameter, optimization of three cases with different steam quality are conducted and discussed. In other hand, energy and exergy analysis of each components for these three different cases estimated and compared. Obtained results show that it is really important to keep the quality of the vapor at turbine outlet constant in 88% for the results to be more realistic and also optimization and data are more technically feasible and applicable.

A. Ganjehkaviri; M.N. Mohd Jaafar; S.E. Hosseini

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

OLYMPIC AIR QUALITY QUESTIONABLE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

OLYMPIC AIR QUALITY QUESTIONABLE ... Athletes GOING FOR GOLD worry about Beijing’s air ... Atmospheric chemists say the air quality during the Beijing Games literally rests on which direction the winds blow. ...

RACHEL PETKEWICH

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

464

Quality Assurance Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Formal EM policy on the use of the corporate Quality Assurance Program (EM-QA-001 Rev. 1) to ensure all EM projects utilize a consistent quality assurance approach.

465

Postdiagnosis Diet Quality Is Inversely Related to a Biomarker of Inflammation among Breast Cancer Survivors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...by pathologists due to the quality and stability of structural...Use of focused ultrasonic energy to emulsify embedding paraffin...highly controlled acoustic energy to efficiently remove paraffin...novel approach. Better data quality as a consequence of improved...

Stephanie M. George; Marian L. Neuhouser; Susan T. Mayne; Melinda L. Irwin; Demetrius Albanes; Mitchell H. Gail; Catherine M. Alfano; Leslie Bernstein; Anne McTiernan; Jill Reedy; Ashley W. Smith; Cornelia M. Ulrich; and Rachel Ballard-Barbash

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

E-Print Network 3.0 - air quality management Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

problems. 12;... Learn More: www.arl.noaa.gov 17 A Breath of Fresh Air: Improving Air Quality Predictions... hazards. For example, air quality forecasters rely on HySPLIT...

467

Phenomenology of ``Onium'' Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phenomenology of heavy quarkonia production in hadron collisions is reviewed. The theoretical predictions are compared to data. Commonly used production models are shown to fail in explaining all the experimental findings. The shortcomings of these models are analysed and possible improvements are discussed.

Matteo Cacciari

1995-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

468

An integrated new product development framework – an application on green and low-carbon products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Keywords: CO2 emission, analytic network process (ANP), failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA), new product development (NPD), quality function deployment (QFD)

Chun-Yu Lin, Amy H. I. Lee, He-Yau Kang

2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Grouping Parts for Multiple Parts Production in Additive Manufacturing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Rapid prototyping (RP) has evolved to Additive Manufacturing (AM) in recent years. It can produce functional or end-use parts with small or even medium quantities. And further, due to its unique layer-by-layer construction principle, it can produce different parts at the same time in a same AM machine. To improve the productivity and machine utilization of AM processes under multiple parts production context, this paper propose the conception of ‘Grouping parts’. Based on the Group Technology (GT) used in traditional processing technologies, a modified Group Technology for AM under multiple parts manufacturing context is presented. To group parts, a set of key attributes affecting the AM production time, cost, quality and work preparation are identified to represent the parts, and then a Grey Clustering method is adopted to conduct the similarity analysis. A simple case study is presented in the end to illustrate the proposed conception and its methodology.

Yicha Zhang; Alain Bernard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

We describe the Science Data Quality Assessment (SDQA) system for LSST. SDQA will be an analysis system that examines and reports on the quality of LSST data and derived products from a scientific perspective. The key driver of SDQA planning and practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.g., weather data, calibration data and system health and safety data Characterization of image artifacts e/camera/telescope system Collate parameters in the individual reports into a series of concise metrics present them, e & Spitzer SDSS Strategy for formulating SDQA Diagnostics: Initial quality metrics have been identified

Mannings, Vince

471

The Heart Failure Bridge Clinic Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Heart Failure Bridge Clinic Quality Improvement Project My project involved working with my mentor, Tasha Beck Freitag, CRNP, MPH, CHFN, and loosely with Deirdre Flowers, MSN-MPH, who is the heart failure case manager. The heart failure bridge clinic (HFBC), is a standalone clinic that was created

von der Heydt, Rüdiger

472

NETL: News Release - DOE Selects Projects to Improve 'Stripper' Gas Well  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

June 13, 2000 June 13, 2000 DOE Selects Project to Improve 'Stripper' Gas Well Economics By Using Low-Cost Clean Coal Product to Filter Waste Water In its third and final round of competition for projects that can help sustain natural gas production from "stripper" wells, the U.S. Department of Energy has selected a proposal to test a coal-based filtering material that could sharply reduce the costs of disposing of waste water from these low-volume wells. The Western SynCoal Clean Coal Plant The Rosebud SynCoal® demonstration plant near Colstrip, Montana, was built in DOE's Clean Coal Technology Program. Its upgraded coal product, originally intended as a high quality fuel for power plants, may also be a low cost filter material for oil and gas well waste water.

473

Potentials and policy implications of energy and material efficiency improvement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is a growing awareness of the serious problems associated with the provision of sufficient energy to meet human needs and to fuel economic growth world-wide. This has pointed to the need for energy and material efficiency, which would reduce air, water and thermal pollution, as well as waste production. Increasing energy and material efficiency also have the benefits of increased employment, improved balance of imports and exports, increased security of energy supply, and adopting environmentally advantageous energy supply. A large potential exists for energy savings through energy and material efficiency improvements. Technologies are not now, nor will they be, in the foreseeable future, the limiting factors with regard to continuing energy efficiency improvements. There are serious barriers to energy efficiency improvement, including unwillingness to invest, lack of available and accessible information, economic disincentives and organizational barriers. A wide range of policy instruments, as well as innovative approaches have been tried in some countries in order to achieve the desired energy efficiency approaches. These include: regulation and guidelines; economic instruments and incentives; voluntary agreements and actions, information, education and training; and research, development and demonstration. An area that requires particular attention is that of improved international co-operation to develop policy instruments and technologies to meet the needs of developing countries. Material efficiency has not received the attention that it deserves. Consequently, there is a dearth of data on the qualities and quantities for final consumption, thus, making it difficult to formulate policies. Available data, however, suggest that there is a large potential for improved use of many materials in industrialized countries.

Worrell, Ernst; Levine, Mark; Price, Lynn; Martin, Nathan; van den Broek, Richard; Block, Kornelis

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Improving the Quality and Scope of EIA Data  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

October 2013 October 2013 December 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Electric Power Monthly This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. December 2013 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Electric Power Monthly Contacts The Electric Power Monthly is prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

475

Strategies and Technologies for Improving Air Quality Around Ports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

including B20 and B100 algae biodiesel for two differentwere observed for B100 algae-biodiesel relative to ULSD atstudies, including the algae biodiesel studied by Fisher et

Khan, Mohammad Yusuf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Local Randomization in Neighbor Selection Improves PRM Roadmap Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pathways. A key step in PRM roadmap construction involves identifying a set of candidate neighbors for each node. Traditionally, these candidates are chosen to be the k-closest nodes based on a given distance metric. This work proposes a new neighbor...

Boyd, Bryan 1985-

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

477

Strategies and Technologies for Improving Air Quality Around Ports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Suezmax class tanker arrived at port of Los Angeles and LongPorts .September http://www.arb.ca.gov/ports/marinevess/vsr/

Khan, Mohammad Yusuf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Strategies and Technologies for Improving Air Quality Around Ports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

132 Figure 7-1: Diesel Electric Drive Train on the HybridA Schematic of the diesel electric drive train is shown inMain Engine Figure 7-1: Diesel Electric Drive Train on the

Khan, Mohammad Yusuf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Antitrust Enforcement in Health Care — Controlling Costs, Improving Quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The success of health care reform in the United States depends on the proper functioning of our market-based health care system. Antitrust laws play a crucial role in ensuring that consumers benefit from robust market competition. In health care, as in other sectors, competition leads to lower costs... Merger activity among health care providers has been accelerating, and left unchecked, consolidation risks undermining some of the key objectives of health care reform. The Federal Trade Commission aims to ensure that health care provider markets remain competitive.

Ramirez E.

2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

480

Advanced Technology for Economical Dehumidification to Improve Indoor Air Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by reducing the temperature required for occupant comfort. Fungal growth in humidities above 70% can have many detrimental health effects, depending on the particular species encountered [5,1]. In fact, high humidity is often an underlying cause of many air...

Beckwith, W. R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving product quality" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Strategies and Technologies for Improving Air Quality Around Ports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Association EMI Electromagnetic Interference EPApotential electromagnetic interference (EMI), and several

Khan, Mohammad Yusuf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Strategies and Technologies for Improving Air Quality Around Ports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Panamax). Fuel consumption, engine load and vessel speedMarine Vessels Emissions and Fuel Consumption Data, Feburaryhigher fuel consumption was also observed when the vessel

Khan, Mohammad Yusuf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Strategies and Technologies for Improving Air Quality Around Ports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

speed diesel engines. Specific fuel oil consumption (SFOC)fuel consumption (FC) by A50 Trade-off in emission benefits between NO x and PM from diesel engines

Khan, Mohammad Yusuf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Strategies and Technologies for Improving Air Quality Around Ports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U. , Operation of Marine Diesel Engines on Biogenic Fuels:from a low-speed marine diesel engine. Aerosol Science andEmissions from a Marine Diesel Engine at Various Load

Khan, Mohammad Yusuf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

How Can You Improve Overall Air Quality in Your Home?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. · Allergicreactionscanincludearunnyorstuffynose, coughing,puffyeyes,itching,hives,orarash.Amore seriousreactioncouldbeanasthmaattackorswellingof

Liskiewicz, Maciej

486

"Improving drinking water quality via identification and removal of certain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as biomass feedstocks that are more sustainable than terrestrial fuel crops. Focus on algae-derived energy

Acton, Scott

487

Power Quality Improvements in Lighting Systems Mr. Ashish Shrivastava  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from early incandescent lamps to present generation light emitting diodes (LEDs). Incandescent light

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

488

Cool Colored Roofs to Save Energy and Improve Air Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. Hanford. 1997. “Peak Power and Cooling Energy Savings ofJ. Hanford. 1997. "Peak Power and Cooling Energy Savings of1997) monitored peak-power and cooling-energy savings from

Akbari, Hashem; Levinson, Ronnen; Miller, William; Berdahl, Paul

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Saving Energy and Improving Air Quality in Urban Heat Islands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temperatures in urban areas have increased because solar energy is more strongly absorbed by additional roofs and pavements. Downtown Los Angles is now 2.5 Kelvin warmer than in the 1930s which requires 1–1.5 GWe more electricity to cool buildings on summer days costing an extra $100 million/year. Cool roof and pavement materials with increased reflectivity of 0.25 can lower surface temperatures by 10 K. If Los Angles urban temperatures could be reduced by 3 K ozone concentrations could be reduced considerably.

Hashem Akbari

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Provide Assistance to Improve Water Quality in Hood County  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.............................................................................................................................3 On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems ............................................................................4 Rainwater Harvesting... Section 319. One source of fecal coliform bacteria is on-site wastewater treatment systems. While there are eight permitted wastewater treatment plants in Hood County, a substantial portion of the developed area around Lake Granbury, which lies...

Lesikar, Bruce; Mechell, Justin; Clayton, Brent; Gerlich, Ryan

491

Improving the Quality and Scope of EIA Data  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Electric Power Annual 2012 Electric Power Annual 2012 December 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Electric Power Annual This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Electric Power Annual Table of Contents Chapter 1. National Summary Data Table 1.1. Total Electric Power Industry Summary Statistics

492

eQuality: An application of DDUCKS to process management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Process management is a method for improving Boeing's business processes, however many aspects have...eQuality is a software system based on a framework called DDUCKS that is being designed to support the process...

Jeffrey M. Bradshaw; Peter Holm…

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Underlying Quality Principles | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Underlying Quality Principles Underlying Quality Principles Underlying Quality Principles These principles are consistent with Integrated Safety Management Policy, P 450.4A and support ISM implementation. Define Policies and Objectives--Ensure they are Understood and Accepted. Management must set expectations for the organization as a whole before employees can do their jobs, satisfy their customers, and strive to improve the quality of their work. This is accomplished by developing and implementing specific policies and objectives that reflect the operating philosophy of the facility's management. Once these policies and objectives have been established, all managers must take the necessary actions to ensure that each employee shares their vision of the organization's purpose. Specify Roles and Responsibilities--Ensure they are Understood and

494

An Improved Tissue Culture System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Improved Improved Tissue Culture System for Embryogenic Callus Production and Plant Regeneration in Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) Jason N. Burris & David G. J. Mann & Blake L. Joyce & C. Neal Stewart Jr. Published online: 10 October 2009 # Springer Science + Business Media, LLC. 2009 Abstract The increased emphasis on research of dedicated biomass and biofuel crops begs for biotechnology method improvements. For switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), one limitation is inefficient tissue culture and transformation systems. The objectives of this study were to investigate the utility of a new medium described here, LP9, for the production and maintenance of switchgrass callus and its regeneration, which also enables genetic transformation. LP9 medium is not based on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium, the basal medium that all published switchgrass transformation has been

495

CERAMIC MEMBRANE ENABLING TECHNOLOGY FOR IMPROVED IGCC EFFICIENCY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly technical progress report will summarize work accomplished for Phase 1 Program during the quarter January to March 2001. In task 1 careful modification of the composition and processing conditions of the OTM has enabled manufacture of high quality OTM elements. In addition, finite element modeling has been used to identify a suitable composition and geometry for successful pilot plant operation. In task 2, composite elements of materials with improved mechanical properties have been developed. In task 3, development of preferred fabrication methods has resulted in production of pilot plant scale composite elements. The work in task 4 has demonstrated that composite OTM elements can produce oxygen at atmospheric pressure of greater than 95% purity from a high-pressure air feed gas. The work in task 5 to construct a multi-tube OTM reactor is ongoing.

Ravi Prasad

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Interaction between process technology and material quality during the processing of multicrystalline silicon solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multicrystalline silicon is the most used material for the production of silicon solar cells. The quality of the as grown material depends on the quality of the feedstock and the crystallization process. Bulk ...

Dietmar Borchert; Markus Rinio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

E-Print Network 3.0 - air quality committee Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

air quality... of reducing petroleum use, expanding the use of alternative fuels, improving ... Source: California Energy Commission Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and...

498

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessment air quality Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the published version available August 2005. Improving Emission Inventories for Summary: Air Quality Management Across North America -- A NARSTO Assessment -- Table of Contents...

499

E-Print Network 3.0 - air quality levels Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Breath of Fresh Air: Improving Air Summary: about unhealthful levels of air pollution. Impact Air quality forecasts and warnings for health... Learn More:...

500

Quality assurance and data management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains graphs and tables relating to quality assurance and data management for environmental quality at Hanford Reservation.

Lockrem, L.L.

1998-01-12T23:59:59.000Z