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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Economic Improvement Districts (Indiana) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Improvement Districts (Indiana) Improvement Districts (Indiana) Economic Improvement Districts (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Bond Program Industry Recruitment/Support Provider Indiana Economic Development Corporation A legislative body may adopt an ordinance establishing an economic improvement district and an Economic Improvement Board to manage development in a respective district. The Board can choose to issue revenue

2

Economic load dispatch using improved harmony search  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the use of the improved harmony search method for solving economic load dispatch problems. The harmony search method mimics a jazz improvisation process by musicians in order to seek a fantastic state of harmony. To assess the searching ... Keywords: adaptive tabu search, economic dispatch, evolutionary programming, genetic algorithms, particle swarm optimization

T. Ratniyomchai; A. Oonsivilai; P. Pao-La-Or; T. Kulworawanichpong

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Economics of planting improved Sitka spruce -Seed Orchard and VP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics of planting improved Sitka spruce - Seed Orchard and VP Steve Lee and Guy Watt Forest Research, and John Clegg and associates. #12;6th November 20082 Economics of Sitka spruce www 20083 Economics of Sitka spruce www.forestresearch.gov.uk Background · Different sources of improved SS

4

Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development Jump to: navigation, search Stage 2 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework...

5

CONDITIONAL EXTREMES AND NEAREXTREMES: CONCEPTS, ASYMPTOTIC THEORY, AND ECONOMIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONDITIONAL EXTREMES AND NEAR­EXTREMES: CONCEPTS, ASYMPTOTIC THEORY, AND ECONOMIC APPLICATIONS on Graduate Studies: iii #12; Abstract This dissertation develops the theory of extremal (near­extreme and extreme) quantile re­ gression: estimation, inference, and applications in economics. In particular

Gabrieli, John

6

Improving the economics of PWR cores  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Economic fuel cycles have become of paramount importance to the nuclear power industry due to the increasing impact of deregulation and competition. This paper describes the PWR core design techniques being employed at Entergy in the quest to meet the ever-decreasing fuel cost targets for these units.

Ober, T.G. [Entergy Operations, Jackson, MS (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Conditional Markov regime switching model applied to economic modelling.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Brent oil price) to show that this modelling well identifies both mean reverting and volatility regimes times series data as business cycle, economic growth or unemployment is not new. In his seminal paper [7 to reproduce the different phase of the business cycles and captures the cyclical behavior of the U.S. GDP

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

8

Economic Analysis and Comparison of Waste Water Resource Heat Pump Heating and Air-Conditioning System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Renewable Energy Resources and a Greener Future, Vol.VIII-8-1 Economic Analysis and Comparison of Waste Water Resource Heat Pump Heating and Air-conditioning System Chunlei Zhang Suilin Wang Hongbing Chen...

Zhang, C.; Wang, S.; Chen, H.; Shi, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

An economic decision framework using modeling for improving aquifer remediation design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reducing cost is a critical challenge facing environmental remediation today. One of the most effective ways of reducing costs is to improve decision-making. This can range from choosing more cost- effective remediation alternatives (for example, determining whether a groundwater contamination plume should be remediated or not) to improving data collection (for example, determining when data collection should stoop). Uncertainty in site conditions presents a major challenge for effective decision-making. We present a framework for increasing the effectiveness of remedial design decision-making at groundwater contamination sites where there is uncertainty in many parameters that affect remediation design. The objective is to provide an easy-to-use economic framework for making remediation decisions. The presented framework is used to 1) select the best remedial design from a suite of possible ones, 2) estimate if additional data collection is cost-effective, and 3) determine the most important parameters to be sampled. The framework is developed by combining elements from Latin-Hypercube simulation of contaminant transport, economic risk-cost-benefit analysis, and Regional Sensitivity Analysis (RSA).

James, B.R.; Gwo, J.P.; Toran, L.E.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Department of Energy Offers $17 Million Conditional Commitment to Improve  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7 Million Conditional Commitment to 7 Million Conditional Commitment to Improve Reliability of New York State's Electrical Grid Department of Energy Offers $17 Million Conditional Commitment to Improve Reliability of New York State's Electrical Grid August 2, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington D.C. --- Energy Secretary Steven Chu today offered AES Energy Storage, LLC a conditional commitment for a loan guarantee for $17.1 million to support the construction of a 20 megawatt (MW) energy storage system using advanced lithium-ion batteries. The AES project, located in Johnson City, New York, will help provide a more stable and efficient electrical grid for the state's high-voltage transmission network. "Effective energy storage systems are crucial to harnessing the power of renewable energy and getting it onto the grid," said Secretary Chu.

11

Can combining economizers with improved filtration save energy and protect equipment in data centers?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Economizer use in data centers is an energy efficiency strategy that could significantly limit electricity demand in this rapidly growing economic sector. Widespread economizer implementation, however, has been hindered by potential equipment reliability concerns associated with exposing information technology equipment to particulate matter of outdoor origin. This study explores the feasibility of using economizers in data centers to save energy while controlling particle concentrations with high-quality air filtration. Physical and chemical properties of indoor and outdoor particles were analyzed at an operating northern California data center equipped with an economizer under varying levels of air filtration efficiency. Results show that when improved filtration is used in combination with an economizer, the indoor/outdoor concentration ratios for most measured particle types were similar to levels when using conventional filtration without economizers. An energy analysis of the data center reveals that, even during the summer months, chiller savings from economizer use greatly outweigh any increase in fan power associated with improved filtration. These findings indicate that economizer use combined with improved filtration could reduce data center energy demand while providing a level of protection from particles of outdoor origin similar to that observed with conventional design.

Shehabi, Arman; Ganguly, Srirupa; Gundel, Lara A.; Horvath, Arpad; Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Lunden, Melissa M.; Tschudi, William; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Nazaroff, William W

2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

12

Can combining economizers with improved filtration save energy and protect equipment in data centers?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economizer use in data centers is an energy efficiency strategy that could significantly limit electricity demand in this rapidly growing economic sector. Widespread economizer implementation, however, has been hindered by potential reliability concerns associated with exposing information technology equipment to particulate matter of outdoor origin. This study explores the feasibility of using economizers in data centers to save energy while controlling particle concentrations with high-quality air filtration. Physical and chemical properties of indoor and outdoor particles were analyzed at an operating northern California data center equipped with an economizer under varying levels of air filtration efficiency. Results show that when improved filtration is used in combination with an economizer, the indoor/outdoor concentration ratios for most measured particle types were similar to levels when using conventional filtration without economizers. An energy analysis of the data center reveals that, even during the summer months, chiller savings from economizer use greatly outweigh any increase in fan power associated with improved filtration. These findings indicate that economizer use combined with improved filtration could reduce data center energy demand while providing a level of protection from particles of outdoor origin similar to that observed with conventional design.

Arman Shehabi; Srirupa Ganguly; Lara A. Gundel; Arpad Horvath; Thomas W. Kirchstetter; Melissa M. Lunden; William Tschudi; Ashok J. Gadgil; William W. Nazaroff

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Review of Methods for Estimating the Economic Impact of Transportation Improvements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Economics, and Urban Systems Re- search Group; University of Minnesota, Department of Civil Engineering, 500Review of Methods for Estimating the Economic Impact of Transportation Improvements Michael Iacono of Civil Engineering iaco0009@umn.edu RP Braun-CTS Chair of Transportation Engineering; Director of Network

Levinson, David M.

14

Improving Conditions for Green Building Construction in North  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

green building a standard practice throughout North America. · In 2011, the CEC formed the TrilateralImproving Conditions for Green Building Construction in North America QUEST 2012 INTERNATIONAL Green Building Task Force, comprising North American leaders from the green building industry

15

Improving SFR Economics through Innovations from Thermal Design and Analysis Aspects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Achieving economic competitiveness as compared to LWRs and other Generation IV (Gen-IV) reactors is one of the major requirements for large-scale investment in commercial sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) power plants. Advances in R&D for advanced SFR fuel and structural materials provide key long-term opportunities to improve SFR economics. In addition, other new opportunities are emerging to further improve SFR economics. This paper provides an overview on potential ideas from the perspective of thermal hydraulics to improve SFR economics. These include a new hybrid loop-pool reactor design to further optimize economics, safety, and reliability of SFRs with more flexibility, a multiple reheat and intercooling helium Brayton cycle to improve plant thermal efficiency and reduce safety related overnight and operation costs, and modern multi-physics thermal analysis methods to reduce analysis uncertainties and associated requirements for over-conservatism in reactor design. This paper reviews advances in all three of these areas and their potential beneficial impacts on SFR economics.

Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang; Vincent Mousseau; Per F. Peterson

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Improved Moving Puncture Gauge Conditions for Compact Binary Evolutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robust gauge conditions are critically important to the stability and accuracy of numerical relativity (NR) simulations involving compact objects. Most of the NR community use the highly robust---though decade-old---moving-puncture (MP) gauge conditions for such simulations. It has been argued that in binary black hole (BBH) evolutions adopting this gauge, noise generated near adaptive-mesh-refinement (AMR) boundaries does not converge away cleanly with increasing resolution, severely limiting gravitational waveform accuracy at computationally feasible resolutions. We link this noise to a sharp (short-wavelength), initial outgoing gauge wave crossing into progressively lower resolution AMR grids, and present improvements to the standard MP gauge conditions that focus on stretching, smoothing, and more rapidly settling this outgoing wave. Our best gauge choice greatly reduces gravitational waveform noise during inspiral, yielding less fluctuation in convergence order and $\\sim 40%$ lower waveform phase and amplitude errors at typical resolutions. Noise in other physical quantities of interest is also reduced, and constraint violations drop by more than an order of magnitude. We expect these improvements will carry over to simulations of all types of compact binary systems, as well as other $N$+1 formulations of gravity for which MP-like gauge conditions can be chosen.

Zachariah B. Etienne; John G. Baker; Vasileios Paschalidis; Bernard J. Kelly; Stuart L. Shapiro

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

17

How does renewable energy drive community economic development, improve air quality & contribute to healthy families & communities?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· How does renewable energy drive community economic development, improve air quality & contribute to healthy families & communities? · How does renewable energy revitalize agricultural communities, provide energy self-sufficiency & protect the environment? · How do renewable energy & sustainable food create

de Leon, Alex R.

18

Optimal Deployment of Thermal Energy Storage under Diverse Economic and Climate Conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an investigation of the economic benefit of thermal energy storage (TES) for cooling, across a range of economic and climate conditions. Chilled water TES systems are simulated for a large office building in four distinct locations, Miami in the U.S.; Lisbon, Portugal; Shanghai, China; and Mumbai, India. Optimal system size and operating schedules are determined using the optimization model DER-CAM, such that total cost, including electricity and amortized capital costs are minimized. The economic impacts of each optimized TES system is then compared to systems sized using a simple heuristic method, which bases system size as fraction (50percent and 100percent) of total on-peak summer cooling loads. Results indicate that TES systems of all sizes can be effective in reducing annual electricity costs (5percent-15percent) and peak electricity consumption (13percent-33percent). The investigation also indentifies a number of criteria which drive TES investment, including low capital costs, electricity tariffs with high power demand charges and prolonged cooling seasons. In locations where these drivers clearly exist, the heuristically sized systems capture much of the value of optimally sized systems; between 60percent and 100percent in terms of net present value. However, in instances where these drivers are less pronounced, the heuristic tends to oversize systems, and optimization becomes crucial to ensure economically beneficial deployment of TES, increasing the net present value of heuristically sized systems by as much as 10 times in some instances.

DeForest, Nicolas; Mendes, Goncalo; Stadler, Michael; Feng, Wei; Lai, Judy; Marnay, Chris

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development Jump to: navigation, search Stage 2 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

20

The economic utilization and value of time savings to trucking fleets of private firms resulting from improved highways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE ECONOMIC UTILIZATION AND VALUE OF TIME SAVINGS TO TRUCKING FLEETS OF PRIVATE FIRMS RESULTING FROM IMPROVED HIGHWAYS A Thesis By WILLIAM F~N McFARLAND Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE MAY 1963 Major Sub)ect: Economics THE ECONOMIC UTILIZATION AND VALUE OF TIME SAVINGS TO TRUCKING FLEETS OF PRIVATE FIRMS RESULTING FROM IMPROVED HIGHWAYS A Thesis...

McFarland, William F

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Improving the Contribution of Economic Models in Evaluating Industrial Energy Efficiency Improvements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traditional representation of improved end-use efficiency in the manufacturing sector has tended to assume a net cost perspective. In other words, the assumption for many models is that any change within the energy end-use patterns must imply a...

Laitner, J. A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Conditions for economical benefits of the use of solar energy in multi-stage flash distillation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A solar assisted multi-stage flash (MSF) distillation system is economically compared with a conventional energy MSF plant. Moreover, the economical and climatic conditions that make competitive the use of solar energy in MSF plants vs. conventional energy are analyzed. The design arrangement of the solar distillation system considered consists of a solar parabolic trough collector field coupled to a conventional MSF plant. The solar field directly heats the brine until its top temperature. Therefore, the solar field acts as brine heater when solar energy is available. Nevertheless, the plant consumes conventional energy at nighttime. The parameters analyzed are the climatic conditions, which define the energy production and the average daily operation time of the solar field; the capacity and the performance ratio of the desalination plant; the cost of the solar collector, and the cost of conventional energy. It was concluded that the solarassisted distillation system described above could make possible the competitiveness of the use of solar energy in MSF distillation plants.

Lourdes Garca-Rodrguez; Carlos Gmez-Camacho

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Low Cost, High Impact Cable Condition Monitoring System Improves...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

and control. To address cable aging, the nuclear industry has been looking for a test system that can help with automated maintenance and condition monitoring of cables....

24

Techno-economic analysis of CO2 conditioning processes in a coal based oxy-combustion power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oxy-combustion is a competitive technology to enable the capture of CO2 from coal based power plants. The CO2 conditioning process is an important contributor to the power penalty related to CO2 capture in such power plants. The two-stage flash process is commonly proposed in literature. This paper presents a study on the CO2 conditioning process in three cases: one-stage flash, two-stage flash and three-stage flash. The composite curves are applied to investigate the improvement potential. A detailed exergy analysis has been performed to compare the plant performance in the three cases. Considering the one-stage flash process as the base case, the specific power consumption is reduced by 7.3% in the two-stage flash process and 8.1% in the three-stage flash process. The investment cost will of course increase. The economic analysis shows that the two-stage flash process is the most cost effective alternative. However, a higher recovery rate can be achieved in the three-stage flash process when the CO2 purity is designed to be the same for the three cases.

Chao Fu; Truls Gundersen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

New Fabrication Method Improves the Efficiency and Economics of Solar Cells (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic fabrication strategy optimizes the illumination geometry and transport properties of dye-sensitized solar cells. Using oriented titanium oxide (TiO{sub 2}) nanotube (NT) arrays has shown promise for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). High solar conversion efficiency requires that the incident light enters the cell from the photoelectrode side. However, for NT-based DSSCs, the light normally enters the cell through the counter electrode because a nontransparent titanium foil is typically used as the substrate for forming the aligned NTs and for making electrical contact with them. It has been synthetically challenging to prepare transparent TiO{sub 2} NT electrodes by directly anodizing Ti metal films on transparent conducting oxide (TCO) substrates because it is difficult to control the synthetic conditions. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) researchers have developed a general synthetic strategy for fabricating transparent TiO{sub 2} NT films on TCO substrates. With the aid of a conducting Nb-doped TiO{sub 2} (NTO) layer between the Ti film and TCO substrate, the Ti film can be anodized completely without degrading the TCO. The NTO layer protects the TCO from degradation through a self-terminating mechanism by arresting the electric field-assisted dissolution process at the NT-NTO interface. NREL researchers found that the illumination direction and wavelength of the light incident on the DSSCs strongly influenced the incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency, light-harvesting, and charge-collection properties, which, in turn, affect the photocurrent density, photovoltage, and solar energy conversion efficiency. Researchers also examined the effects of NT film thickness on the properties and performance of DSSCs and found that illuminating the cell from the photoelectrode side substantially increased the conversion efficiency compared with illuminating it from the counter-electrode side. This method solves a key challenge in fabricating NT-based DSSCs and determines an optimal illumination direction to use in these cells. The synthetic fabrication strategy will improve the economics and conversion efficiency of DSSCs.

Not Available

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Initial conditions estimation for improving forecast accuracy in exponential smoothing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we analyze the importance of initial conditions in exponential smoothing models on forecast errors and prediction intervals. We work with certain exponential smoothing models, namely Holts additive...

E. Vercher; A. Corbern-Vallet; J. V. Segura; J. D. Bermdez

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

An economic analysis of solar hybrid steam injected gas turbine (STIG) plant for Indian conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Steam injection for power augmentation is one of the significant modifications of gas turbines that has been commercialized for natural gas-fired applications. The primary objective of this work is to demonstrate that the installation of a solar hybrid steam injected gas turbine plant (STIG) for power generation could have a lower installed cost and lower solar levelized tariff compared to the solar-only thermal power plant while producing a comparable energy output. An economic evaluation is presented for the locations Indore and Jaipur in India under constant, variable power and mixed power scenarios. The levelized tariff (LT) of solar hybrid STIG plant ranges 0.240.26 $/kWh, and the levelized tariff (solar only) or solar levelized tariff (SLT) of solar STIG plant ranges from 0.29 to 0.4 $/kWh in constant power (CP) and variable power (VP) scenarios. In case of mixed power (MP) scenario, the range of LT varies from 0.16 to 0.21 $/kWh for CP and VP modes basis. In this analysis, size of the solar STIG plant varies from 48MW to 212MW based on the steam to air ratio. The IRR and payback period varies between 12%17% and 6.38 years for both CP and VP scenarios at Jaipur and Indore. Sensitivity analysis reports that the performance of the power plants depends, to a large degree, on boundary conditions such as fuel and equipment costs.

A. Immanuel Selwynraj; S. Iniyan; Guy Polonsky; L. Suganthi; Abraham Kribus

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Economic Analysis of a Waste Water Resource Heat Pump Air-Conditioning System in North China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the situation of waste water resource in north China and the characteristics and styles of a waste water resource heat pump system, and analyzes the economic feasibility of a waste water resource heat pump air...

Chen, H.; Li, D.; Dai, X.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

The Value of PORTS to the Nation How Real-time Observations Improve Safety and Economic Efficiency of Maritime Commerce  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Value of PORTS® to the Nation How Real-time Observations Improve Safety and Economic Efficiency. Credit: Steve O'Malley, Ocean Tech Services, LLC #12;Our lives depend on maritime commerce http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/ports in accidents on the nation's waterways and major seaports. Real-time observations from PORTS®, or the Physical

30

Advanced Aerodynamic Devices to Improve the Performance, Economics, Handling, and Safety of Heavy Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research is being conducted at the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) to develop advanced aerodynamic devices to improve the performance, economics, stability, handling and safety of operation of Heavy Vehicles by using previously-developed and flight-tested pneumatic (blown) aircraft technology. Recent wind-tunnel investigations of a generic Heavy Vehicle model with blowing slots on both the leading and trailing edges of the trailer have been conducted under contract to the DOE Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies. These experimental results show overall aerodynamic drag reductions on the Pneumatic Heavy Vehicle of 50% using only 1 psig blowing pressure in the plenums, and over 80% drag reductions if additional blowing air were available. Additionally, an increase in drag force for braking was confirmed by blowing different slots. Lift coefficient was increased for rolling resistance reduction by blowing only the top slot, while downforce was produced for traction increase by blowing only the bottom. Also, side force and yawing moment were generated on either side of the vehicle, and directional stability was restored by blowing the appropriate side slot. These experimental results and the predicted full-scale payoffs are presented in this paper, as is a discussion of additional applications to conventional commercial autos, buses, motor homes, and Sport Utility Vehicles.

Robert J. Englar

2001-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

31

A CycloDissipativity Condition for Power Factor Improvement in Electrical Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Cyclo­Dissipativity Condition for Power Factor Improvement in Electrical Circuits Romeo Ortega compensation problem for electrical circuits. Namely, we prove that a necessary condition for a (shunt of the source are functions of time and are denoted by the column vectors vs, is Rq . The load is described

Stankoviæ, Aleksandar

32

This article highlights current economic conditions in China and analyzes existing obstacles to improving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, through the heart of China's Pearl River delta, past hillsides turned into gravel quarries, rice fields

Silver, Whendee

33

Micro-grid Environmental Economic Dispatch Using Improved Linearly Decreasing Weight Particle Swarm Optimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Comparing with large power grid, micro-grid is quite different in operation method, energy ... on the environmental economic dispatch of a simplified micro-grid which consists of photovoltaic generation, wind tur...

Gujing Han; Yunhong Xia; Wuzhi Min

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Demonstration and Testing of ClimaStat for Improved Rooftop Air-Conditioning Efficeincy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Demonstration and Testing of ClimaStat® for Improved Rooftop Air-Conditioning Efficiency Presented at IA Technology Deployment Working Group Meeting March 15, 2012 By Dan Howett, PE Oak Ridge National Laboratory Demonstration/Testing of ClimaStat ® for Improved Efficiency of RTU Air Conditioners * Technology from Advantek Consulting - Patented by Dr. Michael West in 2003. (US Patent #6427454) - Originally demonstrated under DOE's Inventions & Innovations program. * Current demonstration sponsored by DOD's ESTCP program * Uses off-the-shelf components to either... - Modify existing packaged air conditioners, or - Incorporate changes into new RTU equipment before installation * Initial tests show 15% improvement in HVAC efficiency.

35

Demonstration and Testing of ClimaStat for Improved Rooftop Air-Conditioning Efficeincy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Demonstration and Testing of ClimaStat® for Improved Rooftop Air-Conditioning Efficiency Presented at IA Technology Deployment Working Group Meeting March 15, 2012 By Dan Howett, PE Oak Ridge National Laboratory Demonstration/Testing of ClimaStat ® for Improved Efficiency of RTU Air Conditioners * Technology from Advantek Consulting - Patented by Dr. Michael West in 2003. (US Patent #6427454) - Originally demonstrated under DOE's Inventions & Innovations program. * Current demonstration sponsored by DOD's ESTCP program * Uses off-the-shelf components to either... - Modify existing packaged air conditioners, or - Incorporate changes into new RTU equipment before installation * Initial tests show 15% improvement in HVAC efficiency.

36

Methods for improved forewarning of condition changes in monitoring physical processes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention teaches further improvements in methods for forewarning of critical events via phase-space dissimilarity analysis of data from biomedical equipment, mechanical devices, and other physical processes. One improvement involves objective determination of a forewarning threshold (U.sub.FW), together with a failure-onset threshold (U.sub.FAIL) corresponding to a normalized value of a composite measure (C) of dissimilarity; and providing a visual or audible indication to a human observer of failure forewarning and/or failure onset. Another improvement relates to symbolization of the data according the binary numbers representing the slope between adjacent data points. Another improvement relates to adding measures of dissimilarity based on state-to-state dynamical changes of the system. And still another improvement relates to using a Shannon entropy as the measure of condition change in lieu of a connected or unconnected phase space.

Hively, Lee M.

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

37

Tufts Institute for Innovation Microbes: Improving the Environment and the Human Condition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tufts Institute for Innovation Microbes: Improving the Environment and the Human Condition To the Tufts University Research Community A Request for Proposals Tufts Institute for Innovation (TII · Water and the Environment · Infectious Disease · Social Science/Policy In this round TII particularly

Dennett, Daniel

38

Can combining economizers with improved filtration save energy and protect equipment in data centers?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

particles, sorted by HVAC filter type and economizerand chloride, sorted by HVAC filter type and economizerand air-conditioning (HVAC) filters with three different

Shehabi, Arman

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Building America Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning Strategies for Multifamily Buildings- Control strategies to improve hydronic space heating performance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This webinar was presented on July 16, 2014, and provided information about improving the performance of central space conditioning systems in multifamily buildings.

40

Can combining economizers with improved filtration save energy and protect equipment in data centers?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and air-conditioning (HVAC) filters with three differentmonitoring began, new HVAC filters with a rating of MERV 7loads for the three HVAC filter types and two ventilation

Shehabi, Arman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Opportunities for improving leaf water use efficiency under climate change conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract \\{WUEi\\} (intrinsic water use efficiency) is a complex (multi)-trait, that depends on several physiological processes, driving plant productivity and its relation with a changing environment. Climatic change predictions estimate increases in temperature and drought in the semi-arid regions, rendering improved water use efficiency is a mandatory objective to maintain the current global food supply. The aims of this review were (i) to identify through a meta-analysis the leaf traits mostly related to intrinsic water use efficiency (WUEi, the ratio between A net photosynthesis and gs stomatal conductance), based on a newly compiled dataset covering more than 200 species/varieties and 106 genus of C3 plants (ii) to describe the main potential targets for \\{WUEi\\} improvement via biotechnological manipulations and (iii) to introduce emergent and innovative technologies including \\{UAVs\\} (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) to scale up levels from leaf to whole plant water status. We confirmed that increases in gm/gs and Vcmax/gs ratios are systematically related with increases in \\{WUEi\\} maintained across species, habitats, and environmental conditions. Other emergent opportunities to improve \\{WUEi\\} are described such as the relationship between photosynthesis and respiration and their link with metabolomics. Finally, we outline our hypothesis that we are observing the advent of a smart agriculture, wherein new technologies, such as \\{UAVs\\} equipped with remote sensors will rapidly facilitate an efficient water use regulating the irrigation schedule and determination, under field conditions, of cultivars with improved water use efficiency. We, therefore, conclude that the multi-disciplinary challenge toward WUE has only just begun.

Jorge Gago; Cyril Douthe; Igor Florez-Sarasa; Jose M. Escalona; Jeroni Galmes; Alisdair R. Fernie; Jaume Flexas; Hipolito Medrano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SANANDRES RESERVOIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; (7) Mobility control agents.

Unknown

2003-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

43

Innovative Evaporative and Thermally Activated Technologies Improve Air Conditioning, The Spectrum of Clean Energy Innovation (Fact Sheet)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Innovative Evaporative and Innovative Evaporative and Thermally Activated Technologies Improve Air Conditioning Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) invented a breakthrough technology that improves air conditioning in a novel way-with heat. NREL combined desiccant materials, which remove moisture from the air using heat, and advanced evaporative technologies to develop a cooling unit that uses 90% less electricity and up to 80% less total energy than traditional air conditioning (AC). This solution, called the desiccant enhanced evaporative air conditioner (DEVap), also controls humidity more effectively to improve the comfort of people in buildings. Desiccants are an example of a thermally activated technology (TAT) that relies on heat instead

44

The utility of energy storage to improve the economics of winddiesel power plants in Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind energy systems have been considered for Canada's remote communities in order to reduce their costs and dependence on diesel fuel to generate electricity. Given the high capital costs, low-penetration winddiesel systems have been typically found not to be economic. High-penetration winddiesel systems have the benefit of increased economies of scale, and displacing significant amounts of diesel fuel, but have the disadvantage of not being able to capture all of the electricity that is generated when the wind turbines operate at rated capacity. Two representative models of typical remote Canadian communities were created using HOMER, an NREL micro-power simulator to model how a generic energy storage system could help improve the economics of a high-penetration winddiesel system. Key variables that affect the optimum system are average annual wind speed, cost of diesel fuel, installed cost of storage and a storage systems overall efficiency. At an avoided cost of diesel fuel of 0.30$Cdn/kWh and current installed costs, wind generators are suitable in remote Canadian communities only when an average annual wind speed of at least 6.0m/s is present. Wind energy storage systems become viable to consider when average annual wind speeds approach 7.0m/s, if the installed cost of the storage system is less than 1000$Cdn/kW and it is capable of achieving at least a 75% overall energy conversion efficiency. In such cases, energy storage system can enable an additional 50% of electricity from wind turbines to be delivered.

Timothy M. Weis; Adrian Ilinca

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Energy and economic performance analysis of an open cycle solar desiccant dehumidification air-conditioning system for application in Hong Kong  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article, a transient simulation model and the EnergyPlus were used to study the energy performance and economical feasibility for integrating a solar liquid desiccant dehumidification system with a conventional vapor compression air-conditioning system for the weather condition of Hong Kong. The vapor compression system capacity in the solar assisted air-conditioning system can be reduced to 19kW from original 28kW of a conventional air-conditioning system as a case study due to the solar desiccant cooling. The economical performance of the solar desiccant dehumidification system is compared with that of the conventional air-conditioning system. The results show that the energy saving potentials due to incorporation of the solar desiccant dehumidification system in a traditional air-conditioning system is significant for the hot wet weather in Hong Kong due to higher COP resulted from higher supply chilled water temperature from chiller plants. The annual operation energy savings for the hybrid system is 6760kWh and the payback period of the hybrid system is around 7years. The study shows that the solar assisted air-conditioning is a viable technology for utilizations in subtropical areas.

Yutong Li; Lin Lu; Hongxing Yang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

1. What are positive economical impacts of improving the fuel mileage standards? 2. What is the current fuel mileage standard for the United States?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bowen's money saved = $1091 * 0.90 = $982 A4. Assumptions: Fuel Price is $2.00 per gallon Fuel cost1. What are positive economical impacts of improving the fuel mileage standards? 2. What is the current fuel mileage standard for the United States? 3. If Dr Bowen rides his bike 90% of the year, how

Bowen, James D.

47

Economics Undergraduate BSc Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics Undergraduate BSc Economics BSc Economics and Politics #12;www.bath.ac.uk/economics Welcome to the Department of Economics The Department has a strong international research reputation in mainstream economics. Our teaching is internationally respected and our students are in demand by employers

Burton, Geoffrey R.

48

Economics Postgraduate MSc Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics Postgraduate MSc Economics MSc Economics & Finance MSc International Money & Banking #12;www.bath.ac.uk/economics Welcome to the Department of Economics The Department offers a range. The Department has a strong international research reputation in mainstream economics. Our teaching and research

Burton, Geoffrey R.

49

The improvement of the effectiveness of using natural gas in hot-water boilers by means of condensing economizers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper describes the results of the study of the mathematical model of a condensing economizer (CE) interacting with the technological parameter...

A. K. Vnukov; F. A. Rozanova

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

A newly designed economizer to improve waste heat recovery: A case study in a pasteurized milk plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An economizer is normally employed to perform heat recovery from hot exhaust gases to cold fluid. In this work, a newly designed economizer is devised to achieve high heat recovery in a pasteurized milk plant. In the economizer, the hot exhaust gas is divided into two channels flowing up on the left and right sides. After that, it is moving down passing over aligned banks of tubes, which water is flowing inside, in a triple passes fashion. Moreover, three dimensional (3D) models with heat transfer including fluid dynamic have been developed, validated by actual plant data and used to evaluate the performance of the economizer. Simulation results indicate that the newly designed economizer can recover the heat loss of 38% and can achieve the cost saving of 13%.

Sathit Niamsuwan; Paisan Kittisupakorn; Iqbal M. Mujtaba

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Improving the Performance of Air-Conditioning Systems in an ASEAN Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes an analysis of air conditioning performance under hot and humid tropical climate conditions appropriate to the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries. This region, with over 280 million people, has one...

Busch, J. F.; Warren, M. L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

E-Print Network 3.0 - anaerobic conditions improve Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

online VFA monitoring system is presented, as well as the methods for improving biogas production... monitoring system for the anaerobic process, based on headspace gas...

53

Deep Placement Gel Bank as an Improved Oil Recovery Process: Modeling, Economic Analysis and Comparison to Polymer Flooding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have conducted relevant literature review about the development, design, modeling and economics of the enhanced oil recovery methods. Schlumberger's Eclipse simulator software has been used for modeling purposes. Modeling runs have demonstrated...

Seyidov, Murad

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

54

ECONOMIC DISPATCH  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ECONOMIC DISPATCH ECONOMIC DISPATCH OF ELECTRIC GENERATION CAPACITY A REPORT TO CONGRESS AND THE STATES PURSUANT TO SECTIONS 1234 AND 1832 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 United States Department of Energy February 2007 ECONOMIC DISPATCH OF ELECTRIC GENERATION CAPACITY A REPORT TO CONGRESS AND THE STATES PURSUANT TO SECTIONS 1234 AND 1832 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 Sections 1234 and 1832 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct) 1 direct the U.S. Department of Energy (the Department, or DOE) to: 1) Study the procedures currently used by electric utilities to perform economic dispatch; 2) Identify possible revisions to those procedures to improve the ability of non-utility generation resources to offer their output for sale for the purpose of inclusion in

55

CFD Modeling of a CFB Riser Using Improved Inlet Boundary Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model based on Eulerian?Eulerian approach coupled with granular kinetics theory was adopted to investigate the hydrodynamics and flow structures in a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) riser column. A new approach to specify the inlet boundary conditions was proposed in this study to simulate gas?solids flow in CFB risers more accurately. Simulation results were compared with the experimental data and good agreement between the numerical results and experimental data was observed under different operating conditions which indicates the effectiveness and accuracy of the CFD model with the proposed inlet boundary conditions. The results also illustrate a clear core annulus structure in the CFB riser under all operating conditions both experimentally and numerically.

B. T. Peng; C. Zhang; J. X. Zhu; X. B. Qi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

The INGVCMCC Seasonal Prediction System: Improved Ocean Initial Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV)Centro Euro-Mediterraneo per i Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC) Seasonal Prediction System (SPS) is documented. In this SPS the ocean initial-conditions estimation includes ...

Andrea Alessandri; Andrea Borrelli; Simona Masina; Annalisa Cherchi; Silvio Gualdi; Antonio Navarra; Pierluigi Di Pietro; Andrea F. Carril

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Modelling Danish local CHP on market conditions 1 IAEE European Conference: Modelling in Energy Economics and Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling Danish local CHP on market conditions 1 6th IAEE European Conference: Modelling in Energy been a significant growth of wind power, particularly in the Western Danish system. As both the power produced by the local CHPs and the wind power are prioritised, the production of these types of power

58

Role of boundary conditions in improving the working characteristics of superconductor-based nanostructures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examined the effect of boundary conditions on the critical parallel magnetic field Hc2|| and the critical current density Jc in superconductor-based nanostructures. For superconductor-normal metal superlattices, ... Keywords: antidote, critical current density, geometrical symmetry, superconducting nanostructure, upper critical magnetic field

Serghej L. Prischepa; V. N. Kushnir; C. Attanasio

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Modeling and improvement of direct power control of DFIG under unbalanced grid voltage condition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents analysis and control of a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind generation system operating under unbalanced grid voltage condition. The DFIG system is modeled in synchronous positive reference frame. System behavior and operation of both the generator and the grid side converter (GSC) under unbalanced condition is illustrated by definition of oscillating power terms in the synchronous reference frame. This analysis makes it possible to control both the active and reactive power generation by means of direct power control (DPC) technique. It is shown that considering the DFIG model in synchronous reference frame simplifies the power terms extraction. Moreover, alternative DFIG control targets such as reducing unbalanced stator current, torque and power pulsations minimization, are considered. In addition, by the proposed method, the oscillation of the stator output power is compensated by the GSC, to ensure constant power output from the overall DFIG generation system. The validation of results has been performed through simulation results on a 2MW DFIG wind generation system.

Mohammad Jafar Zandzadeh; Abolfazl Vahedi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Energy Effective Courtroom Lighting: An Analysis of Existing Conditions and Recommended Improvements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Providing high quality and energy efficient lighting in courtrooms is a complex task, and it represents a greater challenge than most other Federal space types. Energy efficient lighting in courtrooms must be accomplished with no sacrifice in quality; efficiency must be effectively invisible to the occupants. The Whole Building Design Guide puts forth the goals well: As the preeminent symbol of Federal authority in local communities, a Federal courthouse must express solemnity, stability, integrity, rigor and fairness. The courtrooms themselves must have a sense of majesty and be aesthetically inspiring. When paired with the visual needs in a courtroomgiven the wide variety of tasks and the critical nature of the courtroom proceedingsone has a challenge indeed. In consideration of these issue, this report reviews existing conditions in courtrooms and provides specific guidance about solutions that will accomplish the dual objectives of high quality and energy efficiency. The material covers all aspects of courtroom lighting, including design criteria, design and application strategies, energy efficient technologies, procurement and team selection, design process and implementation, and education. A detailed energy analysis was performed to develop a baseline for energy consumption in courtroom lighting, and the primary root cause was found to be a high use of incandescent technology. Point-by-point calculations were completed to provide an energy efficient alternative that met the high level of criteria for performance in courtrooms. Additional detailed guidance has been provided in the spirit of a holistic solution. It is hoped and anticipated that the recommended solutions will transform courtroom lighting towards both energy efficiency and high quality lighting. This is more important than ever before given the passage of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, which significantly changes the energy usage requirements in Federal Buildings. Ultimately it is possible to support the critical and high stakes proceedings in courtrooms while still meeting the civic duty of designing for energy efficiency and sustainability.

Jones, Carol C.; Richman, Eric E.

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Improved  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Improved Improved cache performance in Monte Carlo transport calculations using energy banding A. Siegel a , K. Smith b , K. Felker c,∗ , P . Romano b , B. Forget b , P . Beckman c a Argonne National Laboratory, Theory and Computing Sciences and Nuclear Engineering Division b Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering c Argonne National Laboratory, Theory and Computing Sciences Abstract We present an energy banding algorithm for Monte Carlo (MC) neutral parti- cle transport simulations which depend on large cross section lookup tables. In MC codes, read-only cross section data tables are accessed frequently, ex- hibit poor locality, and are typically much too large to fit in fast memory. Thus, performance is often limited by long latencies to RAM, or by off-node communication latencies when the data footprint is very large and must be decomposed on

62

APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

2001-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

63

APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

2001-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

64

APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

Raj Kumar; Keith Brown; T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

2000-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

65

APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

2001-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

66

APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

T. Scott Hickman

2003-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

67

Low-recycling conditions and improved core confinement in steady-state operation scenarios in JET (Joint European Torus)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we discuss the phenomena that link particle recycling from the vessel walls in the L-mode during discharge start-up and the core confinement in the H-mode during the subsequent main heating phase. We consider available data of JET experiments that aimed at approaching fully non-inductive ITER-relevant steady-state conditions and show that the high electron temperature produced at the edge by a low recycling during start-up tends to favour the build-up of high normalized ?(?N) regimes in the H-mode, the confinement being improved in a large plasma volume. To provide an insight into this complex phenomenon we have modelled the relation between particle recycling in the scrape-off layer and the evolution of plasma transport, plasma current density and shear as well as the stability properties for such experimental conditions. The results confirm the existence of a link between the confinement in the H-mode phase and the values at the edge of electron temperature, bootstrap current density and local magnetic shear during start-up. Such a link could favour these regimes to be self-sustained in time.

R Cesario; L Amicucci; A Fonseca; I T Chapman; F Jenko; M Marinucci; S Saarelma; P Smeulders; D Told; R Zagorski; Y Baranov; M Beurskens; R De Angelis; D Mc Donald; C Challis; A Galli; J Mailloux; V Pericoli; M Zerbini; the EFDA-JET Contributors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

The Economics Department of Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economics Initiative Department of Economics #12;Economics at LSE The Department of Economics is the top ranked economics department in Europe and among the top 12 worldwide. It is one of the largest economics departments in the world, with over 60 faculty and 1,000 students and a department which makes

69

Economic analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) mandated that minimum energy efficiency standards be established for classes of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, room air conditioners, home heating equipment, kitchen ranges and ovens, central air conditioners, and furnaces. EPCA requires that standards be designed to achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency that is technologically feasible and economically justified. Following the introductory chapter, Chapter Two describes the methodology used in the economic analysis and its relationship to legislative criteria for consumer product efficiency assessment; details how the CPES Value Model systematically compared and evaluated the economic impacts of regulation on the consumer, manufacturer and Nation. Chapter Three briefly displays the results of the analysis and lists the proposed performance standards by product class. Chapter Four describes the reasons for developing a baseline forecast, characterizes the baseline scenario from which regulatory impacts were calculated and summarizes the primary models, data sources and assumptions used in the baseline formulations. Chapter Five summarizes the methodology used to calculate regulatory impacts; describes the impacts of energy performance standards relative to the baseline discussed in Chapter Four. Also discussed are regional standards and other program alternatives to performance standards. Chapter Six describes the procedure for balancing consumer, manufacturer, and national impacts to select standard levels. Details of models and data bases used in the analysis are included in Appendices A through K.

None

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Economic Recovery Loan Program (Maine)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Economic Recovery Loan Program provides subordinate financing to help businesses remain viable and improve productivity. Eligibility criteria are based on ability to repay, and the loan is...

71

APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The OXY-operated Class 2 Project at West Welch is designed to demonstrate how the use of advanced technology can improve the economics of miscible CO{sub 2} injection projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate reservoirs. The research and design phase (Budget Period 1) primarily involved advanced reservoir characterization. The current demonstration phase (Budget Period 2) is the implementation of the reservoir management plan for an optimum miscible CO{sub 2} flood design based on the reservoir characterization. Although Budget Period 1 for the Project officially ended 12/31/96, reservoir characterization and simulation work continued during the Budget Period 2. During the fifth and sixth annual reporting periods (8/3/98-8/2/00) covered by this report, work continued on interpretation of the cross well seismic data to create porosity and permeability profiles which were distributed into the reservoir geostatistically. The initial interwell seismic CO{sub 2} monitor survey was conducted, the acquired data processed and interpretation started. Only limited well work and facility construction was conducted in the project area. The CO{sub 2} injection initiated in October 1997 was continued, although the operator had to modify the operating plan in response to low injection rates, well performance and changes in CO{sub 2} supply. CO{sub 2} injection was focused in a smaller area to increase the reservoir processing rate. By the end of the reporting period three producers had shown sustained oil rate increases and ten wells had experienced gas (CO{sub 2}) breakthrough.

T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

2002-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

72

Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data centers require continuous air conditioning to address high internal heat loads (heat release from equipment) and maintain indoor temperatures within recommended operating levels for computers. Air economizer cycles, which bring in large amounts of outside air to cool internal loads when weather conditions are favorable, could save cooling energy. There is reluctance from many data center owners to use this common cooling technique, however, due to fear of introducing pollutants and potential loss of humidity control. Concerns about equipment failure from airborne pollutants lead to specifying as little outside air as permissible for human occupants. To investigate contamination levels, particle monitoring was conducted at 8 data centers in Northern California. Particle counters were placed at 3 to 4 different locations within and outside of each data center evaluated in this study. Humidity was also monitored at many of the sites to determine how economizers affect humidity control. Results from this study indicate that economizers do increase the outdoor concentration in data centers, but this concentration, when averaged annually, is still below current particle concentration limits. Study results are summarized below: (1) The average particle concentrations measured at each location, both outside and at the servers, are shown in Table 1. Measurements show low particle concentrations at all data centers without economizers, regardless of outdoor particle concentrations. Particle concentrations were typically an order of magnitude below both outside particle concentrations and recently published ASHRAE standards. (2) Economizer use caused sharp increases in particle concentrations when the economizer vents were open. The particle concentration in the data centers, however, quickly dropped back to pre-economizer levels when the vents closed. Since economizers only allow outside air part of the time, the annual average concentrations still met the ASHRAE standards. However, concentration were still above the levels measured in data centers that do not use economizers (3) Current filtration in data centers is minimal (ASHRAE 40%) since most air is typically recycled. When using economizers, modest improvements in filtration (ASHRAE 85%) can reduce particle concentrations to nearly match the level found in data centers that do not use economizers. The extra cost associated with improve filters was not determined in this study. (4) Humidity was consistent and within the ASHRAE recommended levels for all data centers without economizers. Results show that, while slightly less steady, humidity in data centers with economizers can also be controlled within the ASHRAE recommended levels. However, this control of humidity reduces energy savings by limiting the hours the economizer vents are open. (5) The potential energy savings from economizer use has been measured in one data center. When economizers were active, mechanical cooling power dropped by approximately 30%. Annual savings at this center is estimated within the range of 60-80 MWh/year, representing approximately a 5% savings off the mechanical energy load of the data center. Incoming temperatures and humidity at this data center were conservative relative to the ASHRAE acceptable temperature and humidity ranges. Greater savings may be available if higher temperature humidity levels in the data center area were permitted. The average particle concentrations measured at each of the eight data center locations are shown in Table 1. The data centers ranged in size from approximately 5,000 ft{sup 2} to 20,000 ft{sup 2}. The indoor concentrations and humidity in Table 1 represents measurements taken at the server rack. Temperature measurements at the server rack consistently fell between 65-70 F. The Findings section contains a discussion of the individual findings from each center. Data centers currently operate under very low contamination levels. Economizers can be expected to increase the particle concentration in data centers, but the increase appears to still be

Shehabi, Arman; Tschudi, William; Gadgil, Ashok

2007-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

73

Engineering Economics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of these review notes is to provide a refresher in the major topics of Engineering Economics. Engineering economics deals with determining from a number of technically acceptable alternatives the o...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Economics is a social science concerned with the economic behavior of consumers and producers as well  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5/2013 ECONOMICS Economics is a social science concerned with the economic behavior of consumers and producers as well as the operation and evaluation of economic systems. Economists study questions like why does the price of gasoline go up and down and what can we do to improve the economy. Studying economics

75

Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning: Recent Advances in Diagnostics and Controls to Improve Air-Handling System Performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of air-handling systems in buildings needs to be improved. Many of the deficiencies result from myths and lore and a lack of understanding about the non-linear physical principles embedded in the associated technologies. By incorporating these principles, a few important efforts related to diagnostics and controls have already begun to solve some of the problems. This paper illustrates three novel solutions: one rapidly assesses duct leakage, the second configures ad hoc duct-static-pressure reset strategies, and the third identifies useful intermittent ventilation strategies. By highlighting these efforts, this paper seeks to stimulate new research and technology developments that could further improve air-handling systems.

Wray, Craig; Wray, Craig P.; Sherman, Max H.; Walker, I.S.; Dickerhoff, D.J.; Federspiel, C.C.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Flue gas conditioning for improved particle collection in electrostatic precipitators. Quarterly technical report, October 1--December 31, 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The initial pilot-scale testing of two additives was completed at CONSOL`s research coal combustor. The results and conclusions from this test series and subsequent analysis of the data are presented in this report. Table 1 summarizes the conditions tested. During the tests, the research combustor was firing a medium-sulfur coal. The combustor had recently been retrofitted with low-NOx burners for a DOE Clean Coal test program. Operation of the low-NOx burners required a reduced flow rate in the combustor, resulting in lower flow and velocity in the ESP. A comprehensive baseline condition was tested, followed by initial screening runs for several additives. It was discovered that the flyash exhibited properties characteristic of a high-resistivity ash. In-situ measurements at the ESP inlet confirmed that the resistivity was in the 10{sup 10} -- 10{sup 12} ohm-cm range. In addition, the ESP plate rappers were not able to remove ash buildup on the first section during normal operation. Power off rapping was periodically required to fully clean the plates; this is a clear indication of high-resistivity conditions. Since the major benefit of ESP additives will be to reduce reentrainment at low to midrange resistivity, this operating condition was undesirable for performance testing. It was decided to continue the program with SO{sub 3} conditioning of the flue gas to reduce particle resistivity. It was also decided to operate with two rather than three electrical fields energized. By reducing the ESP collection area, it was hoped that it would be easier to measure changes in ESP performance and to see an immediate indication of the effectiveness Of SO{sub 3} conditioning. The ESP was reconfigured with two electrical sections energized and SO{sub 3} conditioning at a rate of approximately 20 ppM. An additional baseline was run, followed by extended tests with two additives referred to in this report as Additive ``C`` and Additive ``D.``

Durham, M.D.; Baldrey, K.E.

1994-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

77

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural economics Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

capital Summary: Mexico's community and economic development Improve agricultural markets, trade, and economic... 's College of Agriculture and Home Economics. Scientists...

78

The Technical and Economical Analysis of a Centralized Air-Conditioning System with Cold Storage Refrigeration in High-Rise Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years, the application of a centralized air-conditioning system (CACS) with cold storage refrigeration in high-rise residential buildings has gradually increased. Due to the large difference between civil residential buildings...

Xiang, C.; Xie, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Economic Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transmitted to the Congress February 2008 Transmitted to the Congress February 2008 Together with the Annual Report of the Council of Economic Advisers Economic Report of the President Economic Report of the President For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: (866) 512-1800; DC area (202) 512-1800 ISBN 978-0-16-079822-1 Transmitted to the Congress February 2008 together with THE ANNUAL REPORT of the COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVISERS UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON : 2008 Fax: (202) 512-2104 Mail Stop: IDCC, Washington, DC 20402-0001 C O N T E N T S ECONOMIC REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT ............................................. ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVISERS* ...

80

Acoustic repair: Recent experience with the acoustic control system (ACS) for improving acoustic conditions in two existing venues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Active acoustics systems are becoming more prevalent in architectural acoustics practice particularly in the context of repairing or improving acoustics in existing venues. Governmental policies to reduce funds and subsidies put into new facilities for the performing arts are another reason for designers to consider the use of active acoustics. This paper highlights two recent examples of such installations of ACS systems one at the Sydney Opera House Concert Hall and the other at MBCCH Winnepeg Canada. Collaboration between the system designer the musicians and the acoustics consultant will be emphasized along with techniques used to evaluate the systems' performance in the halls.

Timothy E. Gulsrud; Arthur van Maurik

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

[working paper] Regional Economic Capacity, Economic Shocks,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 [working paper] Regional Economic Capacity, Economic Shocks, and Economic that makes them more likely to resist economic shocks or to recover quickly from of resilience capacity developed by Foster (2012) is related to economic resilience

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

82

Using suite energy-use and interior condition data to improve energy modeling of a 1960s MURB  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Energy modeling is a useful tool for evaluating the performance of contemplated building energy retrofit measures. Traditionally, energy models are developed using data collected from building floor plans and site visits and are then calibrated using utility bills. In the work presented here, an energy model for an existing multi-unit residential building (MURB) was developed using this traditional approach. Next, a refined approach was taken. Using data gathered from a suite-based monitoring program, input data uncertainties in the energy model were addressed. Data from one year of monitoring were assembled to characterize the actual building performance and to calibrate this refined energy model. In order to identify which parameters could be used to improve the model accuracy, the output of this refined model was compared to the output from the traditional modeling approach. It was found that the interior temperature measurements and the sub-metered suite electricity use were the most beneficial in refining the energy model. However, other data collected including window operation and differential air pressures were useful for determining how the building was operating. The use of a local weather file generated from a roof-top weather station has also been discussed.

Marianne F. Touchie; Kim D. Pressnail

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

31 - Economizers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Economizers for boilers have been available for nearly 150 years, almost as long as boilers themselves. For modem shell boilers, high efficiencies have made it difficult to justify the use of an economizer, the final decision being based in terms of payback period, which is also dependent on fuel prices. Watertube boilers need an economizer section in the gas passes in order to obtain satisfactory efficiency. The economizer is integrated into the overall design, normally between the convective super-heater and the air heater if fitted. In shell boilers with a working pressure of between 7 and 17 bar the temperature of the mass of water in the boiler is typically in the range of 170-210°C. Allowing for a temperature difference of 30-50°C between the exhaust gases and the water temperature, the boiler exit gas temperature cannot be economically reduced beneath about 200-260°C, dependent on the operating pressure. It becomes necessary to modify the process principles to achieve further heat utilization and recovery. By using an economizer this is done by conducting the feedwater supply to the economizer wherein the exhaust gas passes over tubes carrying the feedwater. The feedwater represents a further cooling medium for the exhaust gases and provides the potential for the extra heat utilization.

Colin French

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Improving the performance of stainless-steel DC high voltage photoelectron gun cathode electrodes via gas conditioning with helium or krypton  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas conditioning was shown to eliminate field emission from cathode electrodes used inside DC high voltage photoelectron guns, thus providing a reliable means to operate photoguns at higher voltages and field strengths. Measurements and simulation results indicate that gas conditioning eliminates field emission from cathode electrodes via two mechanisms: sputtering and implantation, with the benefits of implantation reversed by heating the electrode. We have studied five stainless steel electrodes (304L and 316LN) that were polished to approximately 20 nm surface roughness using diamond grit, and evaluated inside a high voltage apparatus to determine the onset of field emission as a function of voltage and field strength. The field emission characteristics of each electrode varied significantly upon the initial application of voltage but improved to nearly the same level after gas conditioning using either helium or krypton, exhibiting less than 10 pA field emission at ?225 kV bias voltage with a 50 mm cathode/anode gap, corresponding to a field strength of ~13 MV/m. Field emission could be reduced with either gas, but there were conditions related to gas choice, voltage and field strength that were more favorable than others.

Bastaninejad, Mahzad [ODU; Elmustafa, Abdelmageed [ODU; Forman, Eric I. [JLAB; Clark, James [JLAB; Covert, Steven R. [JLAB; Grames, Joseph M. [JLAB; Hansknecht, John C. [JLAB; Hernandez-Garcia, Carlos [JLAB; Poelker, Bernard [JLAB; Suleiman, Riad S. [JLAB

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

FINANCIAL ECONOMICS RESOURCE ECONOMICS AND POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECONOMICS FINANCIAL ECONOMICS RESOURCE ECONOMICS AND POLICY Program of Study The School of Economics at the University of Maine provides excellent opportunities for graduate students to study applied economics, financial economics, and policy analysis. The School of Economics administers the Master

Thomas, Andrew

86

Economic Impact Report BInghamton UnIvERsIty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Impact Report 2007 #12;BInghamton UnIvERsIty 8:1 return on investment The term "return will be returned to the state economy and $6 to the local economy -- delivering an economic impact of $8.65 billion as an engine of economic growth that improves the financial health of our region and state. EconomIc Impact

Suzuki, Masatsugu

87

What economics courses are there? Economics and International Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics Essentials What economics courses are there? BA Economics Economics and International Development Economics and International Relations Economics and Politics Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) (p103) BSc Economics Economics and Management Studies Finance and Business (p46) Mathematics

Sussex, University of

88

Economics of Peak Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Peak oil refers to the future decline in world production of crude oil and the accompanying potentially calamitous effects. The peak oil literature typically rejects economic analysis. This article argues that economic analysis is indeed appropriate for analyzing oil scarcity because standard economic models can replicate the observed peaks in oil production. Moreover, the emphasis on peak oil is misplaced as peaking is not a good indicator of scarcity, peak oil techniques are overly simplistic, the catastrophes predicted by the peak oil literature are unlikely, and the literature does not contribute to correcting identified market failures. Efficiency of oil markets could be improved by instead focusing on remedying market failures such as excessive private discount rates, environmental externalities, market power, insufficient innovation incentives, incomplete futures markets, and insecure property rights.

S.P. Holland

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Estimating the Economic Cost of Sea-Level Rise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To improve the estimate of economic costs of future sea-level rise associated with global climate change,

Sugiyama, Masahiro.

90

Economical Desalination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... DESALINATION as a source of fresh water is well established technically. Now, like nuclear power ... and most important, conclusion is that flash distillation, so far the market leader in desalination equipment, is unlikely to be economic for base load production of fresh water in ...

1968-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

91

Discussion Papers in Economics Department of Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discussion Papers in Economics Department of Economics University of Surrey Guildford Surrey GU2 7 participants at Aberdeen, Essex, LSE, UCL, the Paris School of Economics and from participants in the 2007 Royal Economic Society annual conference held in Warwick, the 2007 American Law and Economics

Doran, Simon J.

92

WARWICK ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT WARWICK ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WARWICK ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT twenty thirteen- fourteen Prospectus #12;WARWICK ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT-being worldwide." "Economics is the issue of the times in which we live." Contents ninety-four The percent Inspirational instruction 11 Highlighted Research 13 Behavioural Economics 14 Development 16 Economic History 18

Davies, Christopher

93

Fuel economizer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A fuel economizer device for use with an internal combustion engine fitted with a carburetor is disclosed. The fuel economizer includes a plate member which is mounted between the carburetor and the intake portion of the intake manifold. The plate member further has at least one aperture formed therein. One tube is inserted through the at least one aperture in the plate member. The one tube extends longitudinally in the passage of the intake manifold from the intake portion toward the exit portion thereof. The one tube concentrates the mixture of fuel and air from the carburetor and conveys the mixture of fuel and air to a point adjacent but spaced away from the inlet port of the internal combustion engine.

Zwierzelewski, V.F.

1984-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

94

Economic Growth Policies & Economic Growth Theory Influences.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The aim of this thesis is to describe the presence of theories for economic growth in municipalities economic growth strategies, and to compare the (more)

Hallden, Sophie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Ecological economizer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes an engine economizer system adapted to supply an internal combustion engine with a heated air and water vapor mixture. It comprises a containment vessel, the vessel having: water level control means, an engine coolant fluid circuit, an engine lubricant circuit, an elongated air passage, air disbursement means, a water reservoir, air filter means, a vacuum aspiration port, and engine induction means associated with one of the carburetor and intake manifold and adapted to draw in the heated air and water vapor mixture by means of a hose connection to the aspiration port.

Peterson, E.M.

1992-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

96

Economic Impact Reporting Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2007/08 November 2008 #12;#12;Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2007/08 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2007/08 Contents: Introduction..............................................................................................................................................2 1: Overall Economic Impacts

97

Economic Impact Reporting Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2008/09 #12;#12;Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2008/09 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2008/09 Contents: Introduction..............................................................................................................................................2 1: Overall Economic Impacts

98

Efficiency Improvement Pathway | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Efficiency Improvement Pathway Technological solutions are hindered by the current economic reality and competing needs, but governmentacademicbusiness collaborative efforts...

99

Effect of Surface Roughening of Substrate Steel on the Improvement of Delamination Strength and Tribological Behavior of Hydrogenated Amorphous Carbon Coating Under Lubricated Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The adhesion strength of diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings is an obstacle in efforts to improve the reliability of coated products. It is generally believed that the roughening of the substrate surface improves ...

Masabumi Masuko; Takuya Kudo; Akihito Suzuki

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

WEST VIRGINIA ECONOMIC OUTLOOK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WEST VIRGINIA ECONOMIC OUTLOOK 2009 BUREAU OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMIC RESEARCH College of Business and Economics West Virginia University #12;West Virginia Economic Outlook 2009 George W. Hammond, Associate Director, BBER, and Associate Professor of Economics West Virginia Economic Outlook 2009 is published

Mohaghegh, Shahab

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Economics & Finance Degree options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

98 Economics & Finance Degree options MA or BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Applied Economics Economics Financial Economics BA (International Honours Degree) Economics (See page 51) MA or BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Economics and one of: Geography Management Mathematics MA (Joint Honours Degrees

Brierley, Andrew

102

Economic Growth and Development Economics 777  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Growth and Development Economics 777 July 18, 2008 Fall Semester 2008 Professor J. H. Mc of economic growth and development. We will analyze several different growth models and look at some recent empirical research. Text The text for this course is: Economic Growth (2nd Edition) by Robert J. Barro

Almor, Amit

103

Regenerative Boiler Feedwater Heater Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REGENERATIVE BOILER FEEDWATER HEATER ECONOMICS William L. Viar, PE waterland, Viar & Associates, Inc. Wilmington, Delaware ABSTRACT The basic Rankine Vapor Cycle has been r,~peatedly modified to improve efficiency. Always, the objective....g., first and second laws of thermodynamics) have improved and contributed to the evolution. The demands for larger systems with higher performance have been persistent. Progress i ve changes in the app1icat ion of the fundamental Rankine cycle have...

Viar, W. L.

104

IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, (2) on-farm efficiency to reduce irrigation water use, (3) a new pump station on the Okanogan River of Instream Water Supply Components of the Salmon Creek Project Independent Economic Analysis Board Northwest district to continue water delivery to its users. The Proposed Project includes (1) improved water control

105

AGRICULTURE, 2003 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2003 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions Situation and Challenges Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2003 An Annual Report by: Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College

Radeloff, Volker C.

106

Essays on the economics of local labor markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis studies the economics of local labor markets. There are three chapters in the thesis, and each chapter studies how economic outcomes are affected by local labor market conditions. The first chapter studies the ...

Notowidigdo, Matt, 1981-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Use Feedwater Economizers for Waste Heat Recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This revised ITP tip sheet on feedwater economizers for waste heat recovery provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

Not Available

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Reduction of Ethanol Yield and Improvement of Glycerol Formation by Adaptive Evolution of the Wine Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae under Hyperosmotic Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Biotechnology Reduction of Ethanol Yield and Improvement of Glycerol Formation...strains with enhanced glycerol and reduced ethanol yields. Experimental evolution on KCl...strains that had higher glycerol and lower ethanol production than the ancestral strain...

Valentin Tilloy; Anne Ortiz-Julien; Sylvie Dequin

2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

109

Intermittent absorption refrigeration system equipped with an economizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Conservation of useful form of energy, i.e. electricity to be used in the production sector rather than consumption sector is becoming a priority in the KSA (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia). One of the consumption sectors which utilize a large amount of electrical energy is the air-conditioning and refrigeration sector. Improving the performance of refrigeration and air-conditioning systems and utilizing solar energy in powering such systems will contribute to significant conservation of electrical energy in the kingdom of Saudi-Arabia. Hence, the objective of the present study is to improve the performance of intermittent solar absorption refrigeration system. To achieve this objective, the design of a conventional intermittent system has been modified by introducing an economizer into the system. The analysis of the modified design system indicated an increase of 20% in the coefficient of performance of the system.

S.A.M. Said; M.A.I. El-Shaarawi; M.U. Siddiqui

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Mycorrhizal colonisation improves fruit yield and water use efficiency in watermelon (Citrullus lanatus Thunb.) grown under well-watered and water-stressed conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) colonisation by Glomus clarum on fruit yield and water use efficiency (WUE) was evaluated in watermelon (Citrullus lanatus...) cv. Crimson Sweet F1 under field conditions...

C. Kaya; D. Higgs; H. Kirnak; I. Tas

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

2014 REGIONAL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014 REGIONAL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK #12;2014 REGIONAL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK 2014 Overview The Cincinnati USA Partnership for Economic Development and the Northern Kentucky Chamber of Commerce are pleased to present the 2014 Regional Economic Outlook. This report was prepared by the Cincinnati USA Partnership's Regional

Boyce, Richard L.

112

Economics Department Mission Statement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics Department Mission Statement The mission of the Economics Department at the University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown is to develop the ability of our students to understand economic concepts, and in public policy. The central goals of an education in economics are to acquire: -- an understanding of how

Jiang, Huiqiang

113

Farm Tenantry in the United States: A Study of the Historical Development of Farm Tenantry and its Economic and Social Consequences on Rural Welfare with Special Reference to Conditions in the South and Southwest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS - BULLETIN NO. 278 April 1921 FARM TENANTRY IN THE UNITED STATES WILLIAM BENNETT BIZZELL President of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas... 'Bulletin] TABLE OF CONTENTS. PART I. The Historic and Economic Background of Farm Tenantry in the United States. CHAPTER PAGE I. The Genesis of Farm Tenantry 13 11. The Historical Background of Farm ~enantr~ h the. ~niied States : 29 111...

Bizzell, William Bennett

1921-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Master in Advanced Economics, curriculum Economic analysis Master in Advanced Economics, curriculum Economic analysis aims to provide a broad education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Master in Advanced Economics, curriculum Economic analysis Master in Advanced Economics, curriculum Economic analysis aims to provide a broad education in the fields of methods, techniques and professional that work into European and International areas. Economic analysis curriculum especially focuses

Di Pillo, Gianni

115

Life assessments of a boiler economizer unit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An economizer which experienced pitting corrosion during a cleaning accident was subject to recurring corrosion fatigue failures. A condition assessment was undertaken to assess the risk of further failures through metallurgical assessment, extreme value pitting assessments, and on-site NDT condition assessment with on-site extreme value pitting analysis. This was followed by a fatigue life assessment in accordance with PD6493. Condition assessment work and lifetime prediction progressed from initial failure investigation through to final recommendations in a stepwise process. Each stage of the work was followed by a review of the findings and an economic assessment of the alternative options i.e. continue with assessment, full economizer replacement or partial replacement. Selective replacement of a portion of the economizer was recommended.

Lichti, K.A.; Thomas, C.W.; Wilson, P.T. [Industrial Research Ltd., Lower Hutt (New Zealand); Julian, W. [Contact Energy Ltd., New Plymouth (New Zealand). New Plymouth Power Station

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Improving Lives. Improving Texas. Agency Strategic Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Williams Administration Building 7101 TAMU September 2009 College Station, TX 77843-7101 Phone: 979. In the context of this broad mission, the priorities for Extension education are: Ensure a sustainable and management. Build local capacity for economic development in Texas communities. Improve the health

117

CHARTING BC'S ECONOMIC FUTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHARTING BC'S ECONOMIC FUTURE discussionguide 100communityconversations #12;1 Thank you for agreeing to participate in this Community Conversation about BC's economic future. Each year Simon Fraser is "Charting BC's Economic Future". Faced with an increasingly competitive global economy, it is more important

Kavanagh, Karen L.

118

Economic Evaluation of Radiopharmaceutical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

97-2 Planning Report Economic Evaluation of Radiopharmaceutical Research at NIST U.S Department Radiation Division Physics Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology #12;Economic Evaluation of Standards and Technology by Albert N. Link Professor of Economics University of North Carolina at Greensboro

119

Economic Value of Agricultural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Value of Agricultural Research Public Investment in Texas Agricultural Research Yields Significant Economic Returns #12;Texas agricultural producers and especially consumers benefit directly from in the Department of Agricultural Economics at Texas A&M University conducted analyses using an agriculture

120

Air Conditioning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Air Conditioning ... CHEMISTS and engineers use air conditioning as a valuable tool in more than two hundred industries. ... Air conditioning is a tool with many facets. ...

MARGARET INGELS

1938-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Photovoltaics Economics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Photovoltaics Economics Calculator Photovoltaics Economics Calculator Web-based tool which allows you to describe your solar system in detail and provides a detailed breakdown of what sort of power you'll get out of it and how economical of a investment the system will be. It uses the TMY2 solar data from the NREL Renewable Resource Data Center. This calculator allows users to customize their setup, providing greater feedback on how much power is provided when, and most importantly, a detailed economics breakdown of how the investment works out. It also keeps track of battery charge states for off-grid users. Screen Shots Keywords solar, photovoltaic, economics Validation/Testing Validated against PVWatts, a widely recognized solar power output calculator. When given the exact same conditions, power production is

122

NREL: Water Power Research - Economic and Power System Modeling and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Economic and Power System Modeling and Analysis Economic and Power System Modeling and Analysis NREL has a long history of successful research to understand and improve the cost of renewable energy technologies, their possible deployment scenarios, and the economic impacts of this deployment. As a research laboratory, NREL is a neutral third party and can provide an unbiased perspective of methodologies and approaches used to estimate direct and indirect economic impacts of offshore renewable energy projects. Deployment and Economic Impact NREL's economic analysis team is working to provide stakeholders with the tools necessary to understand potential deployment scenarios of water power technologies and the economic impacts of this deployment. The team is working to improve the representation of marine and

123

M-09-30--Improving Recovery Act Recipient Reporting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT O F F I C E O F M A N A G E M E N T A N D B U D G E T W A S H I N G T O N , D . C . 2 0 5 0 3 T H E D I R E C T O R September 11, 2009 M-09-30 MEMORANDUM FOR THE HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES FROM: Peter R. Orszag Director SUBJECT: Improving Recovery Act Recipient Reporting On February 17, 2009, President Obama signed into law the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, P.L. 111-5 ("Recovery Act"). In the first six months since enactment, the Recovery Act-along with the Administration's other economic initiatives-has worked to stabilize economic conditions and help those most harmed by the economic crisis.

124

Thermal and membrane processe economics: Optimized selection for seawater desalination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While the fuel cost has increased in the past years, the desalinated water demand has also increased sharply, especially in the deserted areas. The challenge is to be able to meet such future demand, minimizing the water production costs. The desalination concepts have evolved, achieving substantial progress: desalination thermal process is moving from MSF to MED, hybrids involving both thermal and membrane process are more and more implemented. Reduction in cost and the improved economics of desalination plants are essential elements for the development of communities. Energy, capital, and operating costs are key issues of water desalination economics. This will lead to an optimized process selection on a case by case approach: the choice will depend on the specific conditions prevailing on site, such as existing facilities, power and water demand increase, land availability, raw water quality of water to be produced, ratio between power and water production, ratio between thermal and membrane desalination. The presentation will focus on these various aspects of seawater desalination economics.

Jacques Andrianne; Flix Alardin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Economic Development | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Economic Development Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy Additive Manufacturing Cluster Strategy Entrepreneurial Development Programs Oak Ridge Science and Technology Park Economic...

126

Economic Development Office  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Contacts Gary Spanner Economic Development Office Manager 509372-4296 ROB1210 Robin Conger Program Manager 509372-4328 ROB1221 Bernard Hansen Entrepreneurial Programs Manager...

127

Economics (College of Arts and Sciences) The economics major focuses on economics as a social science.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics (College of Arts and Sciences) The economics major focuses on economics as a social in the world? What types of political regimes best promote economic development? Are resource-rich developing countries cursed? Are drug cartels economically sound? Can humans work towards a better economic basis

Miles, Will

128

Economics of Private Forestry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... is consulting editor. One of the latest is a volume dealing with the economics of private forestry by Dr. Ralph W. Marquis, assistant professor of economics, University of Rochester ... elsewhere in the world with the exception of Canada. In Britain when we talk about private forestry we allude chiefly to the ...

E. P. STEBBING

1941-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

129

Water Resources Policy & Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Resources Policy & Economics FOR 4984 Selected Course Topics · Appropriative and riparian water institutions · Incentives for conservation · Water rights for in-stream environmental use · Surface water-groundwater management · Water quality regulations · Water markets · Economic and policy

Buehrer, R. Michael

130

STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 Economic Impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 1 Contents: Introduction

131

INNOVATIONSIN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT The Evolving Direction of Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INNOVATIONSIN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT The Evolving Direction of Economic Development in the New REPORT PUBLISHED NOVEMBER, 1998 INNOVATIONSIN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SUMMIT II: A SEQUEL TO THE 1992 STATE AND LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY SUMMIT The Evolving Direction of Economic Development in the New

Levinson, David M.

132

The economics of producing biodiesel from algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel is an alternative fuel for conventional diesel that is made from natural plant oils, animal fats, and waste cooking oils. This paper discusses the economics of producing biodiesel fuel from algae grown in open ponds. There is potential for large-scale production of biodiesel from algal farms on non-arable land; however, previous studies have failed to demonstrate an economically viable process that could be scalable to a commercialized industry. The problems include inconsistent and insufficient algal productivities, uncertain capital and operating costs, volatile market prices and unknown levels of government support. Although intensive work is being done on many technological issues, the economic studies and data are incomplete and out of date. This paper presents an updated financial analysis of the production and economic conditions that could have a profound effect on the success of this important alternative fuel production process.

Brian J. Gallagher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Performance simulations of twin-screw compressors with economizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a compressor refrigeration plant with an economizer system, the regular expansion valve is replaced by two valves and an intermediate pressure vessel. The refrigerant which is vaporized after the first valve is injected via the compressor economizer inlet to a thread under compression. The economizer arrangement increases the refrigeration capacity and improves the coefficient of performance (COP). In this paper a performance simulation computer program for twin-screw compressors with an economizer arrangement is presented. Comparisons of economizer performance for different arrangements are often difficult to carry out if real tests have not been run, as the performance is dependent on the intermediate pressure and this pressure is not the same for different arrangements. Such comparisons can be made with the simulation program. Examples are presented for an economizer arrangement combined with external liquid subcooling and for a two-stage economizer arrangement.

Sven Jonsson

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Economic Architecture and Sustainable Communities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and investment conditions during the sustainability movement. Join scientist and Green Sense radio show host and social-improvement initiatives combine to build sustainable communities. Mr. Colangelo is recognized as a national expert on brownfields, an authoritative source on sustainable development, and an author

Hall, Sharon J.

135

Health in financial crises: economic recession and tuberculosis in Central and Eastern Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1004 24 Health in financial crises: economic recession...and Neglected Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, , 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland...declining economic conditions on public health. A quantitative analysis of previous...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Microsoft Word - Economic Dispatch final Nov 18.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

THE VALUE OF ECONOMIC DISPATCH THE VALUE OF ECONOMIC DISPATCH A REPORT TO CONGRESS PURSUANT TO SECTION 1234 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 Prepared by United States Department of Energy November 7, 2005 ii iii THE VALUE OF ECONOMIC DISPATCH A REPORT TO CONGRESS PURSUANT TO SECTION 1234 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 Prepared by United States Department of Energy November 7, 2005 iv v TABLE OF CONTENTS Table of Contents i List of Acronyms iii Section 1 -- Introduction and Summary 1 Industry Changes 1 Study Method and Overview 2 Summary of Findings 3 Section 2 -- Economic Dispatch 9 What is Economic Dispatch? 9 "Economic" Dispatch vs. "Efficient" Dispatch 11 Security-Constrained Unit Commitment 12 Grid Conditions that Constrain Economic Dispatch 13

137

Ghana-GTZ Sustainable Economic Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Economic Development Economic Development Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ghana-GTZ Sustainable Economic Development Name Ghana-GTZ Sustainable Economic Development Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Partner German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Website http://www.gtz.de/en/weltweit/ Program Start 2006 Program End 2013 Country Ghana Western Africa References Sustainable Economic Development in Ghana[1] GTZ is working with Ghana on this project with the following objective: "The judicial, economic and institutional framework conditions and the access to energy as well as to financial and non-financial services has

138

Economical Condensing Turbines?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an engineer decide when to conduct an in depth study of the economics either in the company or outside utilizing professional engineers who are experts in this type of project. Condensing steam turbines may not be economical when the fuel is purchased...Economical Condensing Turbines? by J.E.Dean, P.E. Steam turbines have long been used at utilities and in industry to generate power. There are three basic types of steam turbines: condensing, letdown 1 and extraction/condensing. ? Letdown...

Dean, J. E.

139

Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and potential loss of humidity control. Concerns about equipment failure from airborne pollutants lead 42 #12;Executive Summary Data centers require continuous air conditioning to address high internal levels for computers. Air economizer cycles, which bring in large amounts of outside air to cool internal

140

Quasi-experimental and experimental approaches to environmental economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper argues that an increased application of quasi-experimental and experimental techniques will improve understanding about core environmental economics questions. This argument is supported by a review of the ...

Greenstone, Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Quasi-experimental and experimental approaches to environmental economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper argues that an increased application of quasi-experimental and experimental techniques will improve understanding about core environmental economics questions. This argument is supported by a review of the ...

Greenstone, Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Initial Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Before we can run a transient analysis, we must find the appropriate set of initial conditions for the variables. The most important requirement of initial conditions is that they do not contradict any of the ...

Michael Tiller Ph.D.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Economic Impact Analysis for EGS  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Project objective: To conduct an economic impact study for EGS and to develop a Geothermal Economics Calculator (GEC) tool to quantify (in economic terms) the potential job, energy and environmental impacts associated with electric power production from geothermal resources.

144

The Economic Impact of Binghamton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economic Impact of Binghamton University, FY2010 (July 1, 2009-June 30, 2010) Office .......................................................................................................... 2 ECONOMIC OUTPUT and Tioga counties and the overall impact of New York State in terms of economic output, jobs, and human

Suzuki, Masatsugu

145

The Economic University, FY2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economic Impact of Binghamton University, FY2011 (July 1, 2010-June 30, 2011) Office....................................................................................................................2 ECONOMIC OUTPUT and Tioga counties) and the New York State economy in terms of economic output, jobs, and human capital

Suzuki, Masatsugu

146

Essays on economic theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These four essays concern the theory of games and its application to economic theory. The first two, closely linked, chapters are an investigation into the foundational question of the sensitivity of the predictions of ...

Weinstein, Jonathan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Essays in labor economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I addressed three questions in Labor Economics, using experimental and quasi-experimental variation to determine causality. In the first chapter, I ask whether playing longer in the NFL increases mortality in retirement. ...

Williams, Tyler (Tyler Kenneth)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

The economics of desalination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The economic development of the process of desalination depends upon its ability to produce water that is competitive on a cost basis with water from conventional sources. Energy costs can be minimized by combining the water plants with power plants ...

S. Baron

1966-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Municipal Sludge disposal economics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Municipal Sludge disposal economics ... Atmospheric emissions of elements on particles from the Parkway sewage-sludge incinerator ... Atmospheric emissions of elements on particles from the Parkway sewage-sludge incinerator ...

Jerry Jones; David Bomberger, Jr.; F Lewis; Joel Jacknow

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Economic Impact | Jefferson Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Jefferson Lab's Hall A Jefferson Lab generates many economic benefits for the nation and Virginia, providing many well-paying jobs for highly skilled and well-educated workers. A D...

151

Essays on development economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation is a collection of three independent papers in empirical development economics. The first chapter studies the effect of a family planning program in Bangladesh, which successfully reduced fertility, on ...

Ruthbah, Ummul Hasanath

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

WINDExchange: Wind Economic Development  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

help you analyze the economics of a small wind electric system and decide whether wind energy will work for you. Wind Energy Finance Online Calculator Wind Energy Finance developed...

153

Sustainability and Market Conditions:The Resource Efficiency paradox  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics 23, 1- 14. Sustainability and Market Conditionsof environmental sustainability. Management InternationalJournal 44, 170-179. Sustainability and Market Conditions

Delmas, Magali; Pekovic, Sanja

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Greening Federal Facilities: An Energy, Environmental, and Economic  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Greening Federal Facilities: An Energy, Environmental, and Economic Greening Federal Facilities: An Energy, Environmental, and Economic Resource Guide for Federal Facility managers and Designers; Second Edition Greening Federal Facilities: An Energy, Environmental, and Economic Resource Guide for Federal Facility managers and Designers; Second Edition A nuts-and-bolts resource guide compiled to increase energy and resource efficiency, cut waste, and improve the performance of Federal buildings and facilities. Greening Federal Facilities: An Energy, Environmental, and Economic Resource Guide for Federal Facility managers and Designers; Second Edition More Documents & Publications From Tragedy to Triumph - Resources for Rebuilding Green after Disaster, EERE (Fact Sheet) Rebuilding It Better; BTI-Greensburg, John Deere Dealership (Brochure)

155

IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building Agency/Company /Organization: International Atomic Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools, Training materials References: IAEA PESS capacity building[1] Logo: IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building "PESS offers assistance to Member States, particularly from developing regions, to improve their energy system analysis & planning capabilities. Assistance can include: transferring modern planning methods, tools and databanks

156

BA in ECONOMICS (736020) MAP Sheet Department of Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BA in ECONOMICS (736020) MAP Sheet Department of Economics For students entering the degree program from approved list from approved list Econ 110* from approved list personal choice The Economics: complete the following with a grade of C- or better: Econ 110* Economics Principles and Problems Econ 378

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

157

Gatton College of Business and Economics ECO Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gatton College of Business and Economics ECO Economics KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped University of Kentucky 2013-2014 Undergraduate Bulletin 1 ECO 101 CONTEMPORARY ECONOMIC ISSUES. (3) A basic course in the analysis of contemporary economic issues with emphasis on current

MacAdam, Keith

158

ELECTRICITY CASE: ECONOMIC COST ESTIMATION FACTORS FOR ECONOMIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTRICITY CASE: ECONOMIC COST ESTIMATION FACTORS FOR ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF TERRORIST ATTACKS Zimmerman, R. CREATE REPORT Under FEMA Grant EMW-2004-GR-0112 May 31, 2005 Center for Risk and Economic #12;2 Abstract The major economic effects of electric power outages are usually associated with three

Wang, Hai

159

BS in ECONOMICS (736021) MAP Sheet Department of Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BS in ECONOMICS (736021) MAP Sheet Department of Economics For students entering the degree program approved list from approved list Econ 110* from approved list personal choice The Economics Department the following with a grade of C- or better: Econ 110* Economics Principles and Problems Econ 378 Statistics

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

160

BA in ECONOMICS (736020) MAP Sheet Department of Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BA in ECONOMICS (736020) MAP Sheet Department of Economics For students entering the degree program The Economics Department requires a minimum of 21 hours in the major to be taken in residency at BYU courses: complete the following with a grade of C- or better: Econ 110* Economics Principles and Problems

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

BS in ECONOMICS (736021) MAP Sheet Department of Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BS in ECONOMICS (736021) MAP Sheet Department of Economics For students entering the degree program The Economics Department requires a minimum of 21 hours in the major to be taken in residency at BYU courses: complete the following with a grade of C- or better: Econ 110* Economics Principles and Problems

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

162

Optimizing Electric Humidifier Operation with an Air Side Economizer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air side economizer cycle is a control scheme that is often used in WAC systems to reduce cooling energy consumption by introducing variable quantities of ambient air into a conditioned space to satisfy the space cooling load (free cooling...

Shami, U. F.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

New England Wind Forum: Wind Power Economics  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

State Activities Projects in New England Building Wind Energy in New England Wind Resource Wind Power Technology Economics Cost Components Determining Factors Influencing Wind Economics in New England How does wind compare to the cost of other electricity options? Markets Siting Policy Technical Challenges Issues Small Wind Large Wind Newsletter Perspectives Events Quick Links to States CT MA ME NH RI VT Bookmark and Share Wind Power Economics Long-Term Cost Trends Since the first major installations of commercial-scale wind turbines in the 1980s, the cost of energy from wind power projects has decreased substantially due to larger turbine generators, towers, and rotor lengths; scale economies associated with larger projects; improvements in manufacturing efficiency, and technological advances in turbine generator and blade design. These technological advances have allowed for higher generating capacities per turbine and more efficient capture of wind, especially at lower wind speeds.

164

IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

should use as a tool to evaluate as part of the planning process. Economic, political, socialIEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board Daniel D. Huppert, Chair Lon L. Peters, Vice-Chair Joel R and Guidance for Economic Analysis in Subbasin Planning Independent Economic Analysis Board January 2003

165

Economic impacts study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a progress report on the first phase of a project to measure the economic impacts of a rapidly changing U.S. target base. The purpose of the first phase is to designate and test the macroeconomic impact analysis model. Criteria were established for a decision-support model. Additional criteria were defined for an interactive macroeconomic impact analysis model. After a review of several models, the Economic Impact Forecast System model of the U.S. Army Construction Research Laboratory was selected as the appropriate input-output tool that can address local and regional economic analysis. The model was applied to five test cases to demonstrate its utility and define possible revisions to meet project criteria. A plan for EIFS access was defined at three levels. Objectives and tasks for scenario refinement are proposed.

Brunsen, W.; Worley, W.; Frost, E.

1988-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

166

Thermo-Economic Assessment of Advanced,High-Temperature CANDU Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research underway on the advanced CANDU examines new, innovative, reactor concepts with the aim of significant cost reduction and resource sustainability through improved thermodynamic efficiency and plant simplification. The so-called CANDU-X concept retains the key elements of the current CANDU designs, including heavy-water moderator that provides a passive heat sink and horizontal pressure tubes. Improvement in thermodynamic efficiency is sought via substantial increases in both pressure and temperature of the reactor coolant. Following on from the new Next Generation (NG) CANDU, which is ready for markets in 2005 and beyond, the reactor coolant is chosen to be light water but at supercritical operating conditions. Two different temperature regimes are being studied, Mark 1 and Mark 2, based respectively on continued use of zirconium or on stainless-steel-based fuel cladding. Three distinct cycle options have been proposed for Mark 1: the High-Pressure Steam Generator (HPSG) cycle, the Dual cycle, and the Direct cycle. For Mark 2, the focus is on simplification via a Direct cycle. This paper presents comparative thermo-economic assessments of the CANDU-X cycle options, with the ultimate goal of ascertaining which particular cycle option is the best overall in terms of thermodynamics and economics. A similar assessment was already performed for the NG CANDU. The economic analyses entail obtaining cost estimates of major plant components, such as heat exchangers, turbines and pumps. (authors)

Spinks, Norman J.; Pontikakis, Nikos; Duffey, Romney B. [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Chalk River, ON KOJ 1J0 (Canada)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Power Economic Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CRSP Management Center CRSP Management Center Western Area Power Administration January 2011 Power Economic Analysis of Operational Restrictions at Glen Canyon Dam In February, 1997, the operating criteria for Glen Canyon Dam were changed. Operation was restricted to a Modified Low Fluctuating Flow as described in the Operation of Glen Canyon Dam, Colorado River Storage Project, Arizona, Final Environmental Impact Statement, March, 1995. These restrictions reduced the operating flexibility of the hydroelectric power plant and therefore the economic value of the electricity it produced. The Environmental Impact Statement provided impact information to support the Record of Decision governing dam operations. The impact

168

Briefing paper Economic and monetary conditions in the euro area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the american economy but to the surge of the price of oil magnified by the depreciation of the euro. What is one of a relatively strong internal demand, rather massive job creation, and an historically high with respect to trend of the price of primary goods, will have both beneficial supply and demand effects well

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

169

Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India* Jeffrey D. Sachs Director The Earth Institute at Columbia_ramiah@yahoo.co.uk Asian Economic Papers 1:3 © 2002 The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the Massachusetts

170

Improved Microseismicity Detection During Newberry EGS Stimulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effective enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) require optimal fracture networks for efficient heat transfer between hot rock and fluid. Microseismic mapping is a key tool used to infer the subsurface fracture geometry. Traditional earthquake detection and location techniques are often employed to identify microearthquakes in geothermal regions. However, most commonly used algorithms may miss events if the seismic signal of an earthquake is small relative to the background noise level or if a microearthquake occurs within the coda of a larger event. Consequently, we have developed a set of algorithms that provide improved microearthquake detection. Our objective is to investigate the microseismicity at the DOE Newberry EGS site to better image the active regions of the underground fracture network during and immediately after the EGS stimulation. Detection of more microearthquakes during EGS stimulations will allow for better seismic delineation of the active regions of the underground fracture system. This improved knowledge of the reservoir network will improve our understanding of subsurface conditions, and allow improvement of the stimulation strategy that will optimize heat extraction and maximize economic return.

Dennise Templeton

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Improved Microseismicity Detection During Newberry EGS Stimulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effective enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) require optimal fracture networks for efficient heat transfer between hot rock and fluid. Microseismic mapping is a key tool used to infer the subsurface fracture geometry. Traditional earthquake detection and location techniques are often employed to identify microearthquakes in geothermal regions. However, most commonly used algorithms may miss events if the seismic signal of an earthquake is small relative to the background noise level or if a microearthquake occurs within the coda of a larger event. Consequently, we have developed a set of algorithms that provide improved microearthquake detection. Our objective is to investigate the microseismicity at the DOE Newberry EGS site to better image the active regions of the underground fracture network during and immediately after the EGS stimulation. Detection of more microearthquakes during EGS stimulations will allow for better seismic delineation of the active regions of the underground fracture system. This improved knowledge of the reservoir network will improve our understanding of subsurface conditions, and allow improvement of the stimulation strategy that will optimize heat extraction and maximize economic return.

Dennise Templeton

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Improved Microseismicity Detection During Newberry EGS Stimulations  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Effective enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) require optimal fracture networks for efficient heat transfer between hot rock and fluid. Microseismic mapping is a key tool used to infer the subsurface fracture geometry. Traditional earthquake detection and location techniques are often employed to identify microearthquakes in geothermal regions. However, most commonly used algorithms may miss events if the seismic signal of an earthquake is small relative to the background noise level or if a microearthquake occurs within the coda of a larger event. Consequently, we have developed a set of algorithms that provide improved microearthquake detection. Our objective is to investigate the microseismicity at the DOE Newberry EGS site to better image the active regions of the underground fracture network during and immediately after the EGS stimulation. Detection of more microearthquakes during EGS stimulations will allow for better seismic delineation of the active regions of the underground fracture system. This improved knowledge of the reservoir network will improve our understanding of subsurface conditions, and allow improvement of the stimulation strategy that will optimize heat extraction and maximize economic return.

Templeton, Dennise

173

Jobs Creation Economic Recovery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commission (Energy Commission) collects the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) jobs creation and retention data (jobs data) from its subrecipients through the Energy Commission's ARRAJobs Creation and Economic Recovery Prompt, Fair, and Reasonable Use of ARRA Funds Subrecipient

174

Conservation IEAB Independent Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interactions Between the Fish and Wildlife Program andand Wildlife Program and the Sixth Power Plan (Phase 1)the Sixth and the Fish and Wildlife ProgramProgram #12;Northwest Power and Conservation Council IEAB Independent Economic integration of wind and solar generationImpacts from integration of wind and solar generation Impacts from

175

Investing in economic inclusion : leveraging the New Orleans BioDistrict to grow employment and human capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic development projects too often fail to benefit neighborhoods of concentrated poverty and improve economic prospects for those who face barriers to employment. This thesis considers tools and strategies that city ...

Curella, Christine

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Energy Consumption and Economic Growth The Case of Australia Hong To a, *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;3 depend on imports of crude oil, natural gas, and coal for their industrial and residential energy needs). A decline in energy use does not, under conditions of economic efficiency, result in a reduction in economic1 Energy Consumption and Economic Growth ­ The Case of Australia Hong To a, * , Albert Wijeweera

177

Energy Productivity Improvement in Petrochemical Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

planning economics, open loop computer control of multi-department energy variables, and closed loop computer optimization of plantwide energy variables. Results indicate a ten to fifteen percent energy productivity improvement can be expected....

Robinson, A. M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Economic justification based on performance goals for a new recovery boiler economizer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Performance goals include an increase in average throughput, improved boiler efficiency, elimination of process upsets associated with wash cycles, and elimination of operating restrictions. The justification of a mill project to the management level where budget authority lies is sometimes the most difficult step in a project. This article is a case history of the justification for a new economizer installed on the recovery boiler at New Bern, N.C. The justification proposal was based on both measurable and intuitive factors. All benefits were identified and an economic value was placed on those that were measurable.

Withrow, C.A.; Gommi, J.V.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Economic Impact & Diversity  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ECONOMIC IMPACT AND DIVERSITY ECONOMIC IMPACT AND DIVERSITY FOURTH QUARTER STATUS (As of August 10, 2006) Executive Summary: ED is responsible for managing the department's on-going small business programs, Affirmative Action programs, Employee Concerns program, EEO programs, and the Department's Minority Education program. ED serves as the support office for department-wide efforts to broaden and/or diversify the Department's base as it relates to employment, contracting and financial assistance awards. Where we are today: ED finalized the reorganization/restructuring process which reduced the offices within ED from five to three. Along with this process, ED moved the Employee Concerns and Special Emphasis activities and personnel to the Office of Civil Rights and Diversity

180

Economic Partnership, IDB ink deal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

18 May 2010 00:00 Economic Partnership, IDB ink deal The Oak Ridge Industrial Development Board (IDB) signed an agreement with the Oak Ridge Economic Partnership on Friday hiring...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Refund for Economic Development (Texas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Refund for Economic Development under the Tax Code for state tax refunds for economic development. Some Texas property owners may be eligible to receive refunds of state sales and use taxes and...

182

Modeling the determinants of industry political power: industry winners in the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study uses qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) to examine the basis of industry political power by assessing conditions of economic interdependence and political action associated with the passage of the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981...

Kardell, Amy Louise

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

183

IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Estuary (Buoy 10) Figure 7: The Fisheries Economic Assessment Model Process Figure 8: Columbia RiverIEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board Roger Mann, Chair Noelwah R. Netusil, Vice-Chair Kenneth L. Casavant Daniel D. Huppert Joel R. Hamilton Lon L. Peters Susan S. Hanna Hans Radtke A I - 1 Economic

184

Economic Sustainability and Ecological Compatibility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Sustainability and Ecological Compatibility: Where is the room to move? October 21st - 22: Economic Sustainability and Ecological Compatibility: Where is the room to move? October 21st - 22nd , 2010, Economic Sustainability: Room to Move? Workshop Hosted by Colorado Forest Restoration Institute Walden

185

Philosophy & Economics "Made in Germany"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Philosophy & Economics "Made in Germany" The Bachelor and Master Programmes at a Glance 2011 #12 course of studies in philosophy and economics. The aim is to provide a rigorous training for understanding complex social, economic, and political decision-making. · The philosophy curriculum is focused

Müller, Cord

186

Economic Man'' Dominate Social Behavior?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When Does `` Economic Man'' Dominate Social Behavior? Colin F. Camerer1 * and Ernst Fehr2,3 The canonical model in economics considers people to be rational and self-regarding. However, much evidence challenges this view, raising the question of when `` Economic Man'' dominates the outcome of social

Greer, Julia R.

187

The Economic State of Milwaukee's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economic State of Milwaukee's Inner City: 2006 A report prepared by The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Center for Economic Development May 2006 #12;About this Report This report was produced at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Center for Economic Development (UWMCED), a unit of the College of Letters and Science

Saldin, Dilano

188

Economical Analysis of the Cold Air Distribution System: A Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we briefly introduce the super cold air distribution technique. By comparing the schemes of two air conditioning systems, including a modified air conditioning system, this paper analyzes the technique parameters and the economics...

Zhou, Z.; Xu, W.; Li, J.; Zhao, J.; Niu, L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Indicators on Economic Risk from Global Climate Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Indicators of economic risk for emissions-intensive investments are presented and used to illustrate shutdown risks for coal-fired power plants compared with emerging utility-scale photovoltaics plants. ... Historically, during the last century the global economy has grown at an average of 3.2% y?1 and emissions of GHGs have increased sublinearly with economic growth, due to improvements in resource productivity. ...

Wolf D. Grossmann; Karl Steininger; Iris Grossmann; Lorenz Magaard

2009-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

190

Emotions in economic action and interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

actors during the economic process where emotional currentsthat influence economic processes, including networks,to the analyses of economic processes. The most prominent

Bandelj, Nina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Evaluating Economizer Use In Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluating Economizer Use in Data Centers Benjamin Chu,eelet Keywords: Data centers, economizers, HVAC, indoor airfor data centers are economizers, which turn off the power

Chu, Benjamin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Program Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humiditylevels for computers. Air economizer cycles, which bring insites to determine how economizers affect humidity control.

Shehabi, Arman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Oil, economic growth and strategic petroleum stocks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An examination of over 40 years of data reveals that oil price shocks are invariably followed by 23 years of weak economic growth and weak economic growth is almost always preceded by an oil price shock. This paper reviews why the price-inelastic demand and supply of oil cause oil price shocks and why oil price shocks reduce economic growth through dislocations of labor and capital. This paper also reviews the current state of oil-supply security noting that previous episodes of supply instability appear to have become chronic conditions. While new unconventional oil production technologies have revitalized North American oil production, there are significant barriers to a world-wide uptake of these technologies. Strategic petroleum stocks could provide a large measure of protection to the world economy during an oil supply disruption if they are used promptly and in sufficient volume to prevent large oil-price spikes. Despite the large volume of world-wide emergency reserves, their effectiveness in protecting world economies is not assured. Strategic oil stocks have not been used in sufficient quantity or soon enough to avoid the economic downturns that followed past oil supply outages. In addition, the growth of U.S. oil production has reduced the ability of the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve to protect the economy following a future oil supply disruption. The policy implications of these findings are discussed.

Carmine Difiglio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Advanced Technology for Economical Dehumidification to Improve Indoor Air Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by reducing the temperature required for occupant comfort. Fungal growth in humidities above 70% can have many detrimental health effects, depending on the particular species encountered [5,1]. In fact, high humidity is often an underlying cause of many air...

Beckwith, W. R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Improved Magnetic Fusion Energy Economics Via Massive Resistive Electromagnets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for magnetic fusion reactors and instead using resistive magnet designs based on cheap copper or aluminum maintenance cost To put the capital cost issue into perspective, consider the following comparison, which incorporate niobium, a rare and expensive material compared to copper or aluminum. In addition to the direct

196

Improved Magnetic Fusion Energy Economics via Massive Resistive Electromagnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abandoning superconductors for magnetic fusion reactors and instead using resistive magnet designs based on cheap copper or aluminum conductor material operating at "room temperature" (300 K) can reduce the capital cost per unit fusion power and simplify plant operations. By increasing unit size well beyond that of present magnetic fusion energy conceptual designs using superconducting electromagnets, the recirculating power fraction needed to operate resistive electromagnets can be made as close to zero as needed for economy without requiring superconductors. Other advantages of larger fusion plant size, such as very long inductively driven pulses, may also help reduce the cost per unit fusion power.

Woolley, R.D.

1998-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

197

Financial Engineering Proposal Department of Agricultural Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Financial Engineering Proposal Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics and Department engineering is a multidisciplinary field that emphasizes the engineering of new financial economic instruments the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering and the Department of Agricultural Economics

Lawrence, Rick L.

198

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF THE APPALACHIAN GATEWAY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF THE APPALACHIAN GATEWAY PROJECT By Randall A. Childs Bureau of Business and Economic Research College of Business and Economics West Virginia University United States where demand is strong. This report documents the economic impact of the Appalachian

Mohaghegh, Shahab

199

Economic Impact of the Florida Apiculture Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Economic Impact of the Florida Apiculture Industry Economics Report 01-1 By Alan Hodges, David and Agricultural Sciences Department of Food & Resource Economics Department of Entomology/ Nematology Gainesville .......................................................................................................................................12 Economic Impact Analysis

Florida, University of

200

Condensing economizers for small coal-fired boilers and furnaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Condensing economizers increase the thermal efficiency of boilers by recovering sensible and latent heat from exhaust gas. These economizers are currently being used commercially for this purpose in a wide range of applications. Performance is dependent upon application-specific factors affecting the utility of recovered heat. With the addition of a condensing economizer boiler efficiency improvements up to 10% are possible. Condensing economizers can also capture flue gas particulates. In this work, the potential use of condensing economizers for both efficiency improvement and control of particulate emissions from small, coal water slurry-fired boilers was evaluated. Analysis was done to predict heat transfer and particulate capture by mechanisms including: inertial impaction, interception, diffusion, thermophoretic forces, and condensation growth. Shell-and-tube geometries were considered with flue gas on the outside of Teflon-covered tubes. Experimental studies were done with both air- and water-cooled economizers refit to a small boiler. Two experimental arrangements were used including oil-firing with injection of flyash upstream of the economizer and direct coal water slurry firing. Firing rates ranged from 27 to 82 kW (92,000 to 280,000 Btu/hr). Inertial impaction was found to be the most important particulate capture mechanism and removal efficiencies to 95% were achieved. With the addition of water sprays directly on the first row of tubes, removal efficiencies increased to 98%. Use of these sprays adversely affects heat recovery. Primary benefits of the sprays are seen to be the addition of small impaction sites and future design improvements are suggested in which such small impactors are permanently added to the highest velocity regions of the economizer. Predicted effects of these added impactors on particulate removal and pressure drop are presented.

Butcher, T.A.; Litzke, W.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The Value of Economic Reality: Applying Economic Value Added.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The concept of Economic Value Added (EVA) is a revolutionary way to measure the value of a business. In its simplest form, EVA is a (more)

Phillips, David M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

ECONOMIC REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ECONOMIC REPORT ECONOMIC REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT Economic Report of the President | 3 ECONOMIC REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT To the Congress of the United States: Over the past 6 years of economic expansion, the American economy has proven its strength and resilience. Job creation grew uninterrupted for a record period of time, inflation remains moderate, unemployment is low, and productivity continues to grow. The economy is built upon a strong foundation, with deep and sophisticated capital markets, flexible labor markets, low taxes, and open trade and investment policies. Americans should be confident about the long-term strength of our economy, but our economy is undergoing a period of uncertainty, and there are heightened risks to our near-term economic growth. To insure against

203

MTBE Production Economics  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MTBE Production MTBE Production Economics Tancred C. M. Lidderdale Contents 1. Summary 2. MTBE Production Costs 3. Relationship between price of MTBE and Reformulated Gasoline 4. Influence of Natural Gas Prices on the Gasoline Market 5. Regression Results 6. Data Sources 7. End Notes 1. Summary Last year the price of MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl ether) increased dramatically on two occasions (Figure 1) (see Data Sources at end of article.): 1. Between April and June 2000, the price (U.S. Gulf Coast waterborne market) of MTBE rose from $1.00 per gallon to over $1.60 per gallon. This represented an increase in the price premium for MTBE over the wholesale price of conventional gasoline from its normal (1995 though 2000 average) $0.26 per gallon to $0.60 per gallon. The MTBE

204

PNNL: Economic Development Office  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Events Calendar Events Calendar left arrow January 2014 right arrow Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Scheduled events for January 4, 2014 Calendar contains no events. Past Events 2013 September 20, 2013 - Startup Weekend Tri-Cities January 29, 2013 - PTAC Class: Developing Your Capability Statement January 24, 2013 - Economic Outlook Summit January 23, 2013 - Women in Business Conference January 10, 2013 - Venture Investment and Partnering Forum January 07, 2013 - New Routes for U.S.-Japan Collaboration / Ambassadorial Outreach Tour 2012 November 29, 2012 - Innovation Summit October 18, 2012 - Funding for Startups from the National Cancer Institute October 11, 2012 - Career Fair October 09, 2012 - Understanding Government Contracting Solicitations

205

Technology-Based Economic Development  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Technology-Based Economic Development Idaho National Laboratory (INL), on behalf of corporate funds provided by Battelle Energy Alliance, funds philanthropic projects aimed at...

206

Economic Development Project Districts (Indiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Redevelopment commissions may petition legislative bodies to designate economic development project districts in cities with populations between 80,500 and 500,000. Such districts may be...

207

Cogeneration Economics for Process Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents the incentives for cogeneration, describing pertinent legislation and qualification requirements for cogeneration benefits, and indicates the performance and economic characteristics of combined cycle cogeneration applications...

Ahner, D. J.

208

Boiler Stack Economizer Tube Failure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A metallurgical evaluation was performed to investigate the failure of a type 304 stainless steel tube from a boiler stack economizer. The tube had three distinct degradation mechanisms...

Ryan J. Haase; Larry D. Hanke

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Economics College of Business and Economics University of Canterbury Private Bag 4800, Christchurch New is substitutable with both capital and labour. Coal is significantly substitutable with electricity and complementary with diesel while gasoline and electricity are substitutable with diesel. China's energy intensity

Hickman, Mark

210

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zealand Electricity Market Lewis Evans and Graeme Guthrie WORKING PAPER No. 10/2011 Department of Economics and Finance College of Business and Economics University of Canterbury Private Bag 4800 to the New Zealand Electricity Market Lewis Evans New Zealand Institute for the Study of Competition

Hickman, Mark

211

Energy audit case studies IIair conditioning (cooling) systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses a novel methodology for determination of the efficiencies of each segment in a centralized air conditioning (A/C) plant. The methodology is useful analytical tool in energy audit where it can be used for decision support for evolution of energy conservation measures and techno-economic evaluation of the various options. The procedure is applied to three A/C plants of capacity range from 50 to 500 TR. Losses in chilled air ducts and cycling losses in the refrigerant circuit are identified to be the major causes for decrease in the efficiency and capacity under rating of the systems. Effective controls and insulation of air ducts: have been shown to be the most cost effective solutions to improve the energy efficiency of the A/C plants. The generalized experimental data on overall performance of sixteen A/C plants is also provided.

M Siddhartha Bhatt

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Improving steam turbine efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the condition of a significant number of fossil steam turbines operating in the United States and the maintenance practices used to improve their performance. Through the use of steam path audits conducted by the authors` company and by several utilities, a large data base of information on turbine heat rate, casing efficiency, and maintenance practices is available to help the power generation industry understand how different maintenance practices and steam path damage impact turbine performance. The data base reveals that turbine cycle heat rate is typically 5.23% poorer than design just prior to major outages. The degraded condition of steam turbines presents an opportunity for utilities to improve heat rate and reduce emissions without increasing fuel costs. The paper describes what losses typically contribute to the 5.23% heat rate degradation and how utilities can recover steam turbine performance through maintenance actions aimed at improving steam path efficiency.

Cioffi, D.H.; Mitchell, D.R.; Whitecar, S.C. [Encotech, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

The economics of salt cake recycling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Process Evaluation Section at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) has a major program aimed at developing cost-effective technologies for salt cake recycling. This paper addresses the economic feasibility of technologies for the recovery of aluminum, salt, and residue-oxide fractions from salt cake. Four processes were assessed for salt recovery from salt cake: (1) base case: leaching in water at 25{degree}C, with evaporation to crystallize salts; (2) high-temperature case: leaching in water at 250{degree}C, with flash crystallization to precipitate salts; (3) solventlantisolvent case: leaching in water at 25{degree}C, concentrating by evaporation, and reacting with acetone to precipitate salts; and (4) electrodialysis: leaching in water at 25{degree}C, with concentration and recovery of salts by electrodialysis. All test cases for salt recovery had a negative present value, given current pricing structure and 20% return on investment. Although manufacturing costs (variable plus fixed) could reasonably be recovered in the sales price of the salt product, capital costs cannot. The economics for the recycling processes are improved, however, if the residueoxide can be sold instead of landfilled. For example, the base case process would be profitable at a wet oxide value of $220/metric ton. The economics of alternative scenarios were also considered, including aluminum recovery with landfilling of salts and oxides.

Graziano, D.; Hryn, J.N.; Daniels, E.J.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Space, Health and Population Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Space, Health SHaPE and Population Economics Changing Demographics and Immigration: Implications for IndianaImplications for Indiana Brigitte Waldorf, Purdue University Farm Policy Study Group b 20 07 December 2010 #12;Space, Health SHaPE and Population Economics America is ... ... Aging #12;Space, Health

215

Philosophy & Economics "Made in Germany"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Philosophy & Economics "Made in Germany" 10 Argumente für das Bachelor-Studiengang Philosophy & Economics 2011 www.pe.uni-bayreuth.de #12;1. P&E verbindet Philosophie und ?konomie, um Exper- tinnen und Zentrum steht die Verzahnung von philosophi- scher und ökonomischer Perspektive. 8. P&E bereitet für

Müller, Cord

216

CCPExecutiveSummary An Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CCPExecutiveSummary September 2008 An Economic Assessment of EC Merger Control W: www.ccp.uea.ac.uk T: +44 (0)1603 593715 A: UEA, Norwich, NR4 7TJ An Economic Assessment of EC Merger Control: 1958 dampen the competitive process, by reducing the number of effective competitors, softening competition

Feigon, Brooke

217

An Economic analogy to Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this note, we would like to find the laws of electrodynamics in simple economic systems. In this direction, we identify the chief economic variables and parameters, scalar and vector, which are amenable to be put directly into the crouch of the laws of electrodynamics, namely Maxwell's equations. Moreover, we obtain Phillp's curve, recession and Black-Scholes formula, as sample applications.

Sanjay Dasari; Anindya Kumar Biswas

2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

218

IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board Kenneth L. Casavant, Chair Roger Mann, Vice-Chair Joel R Independent Economic Analysis Board January 2004 Document IEAB 2004-01 #12;IEAB Juvenile Passage Cost in the Columbia River Basin. CEA principles are reviewed and related analyses and policy issues are discussed

219

Economic Perceptions and Economic Voting in Post Communist Countries of East Central Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Voting Patterns during the Economic Transition in Poland,Timothy Nordstrom. 2003. Economic Performance and SurvivalCohen, J.E. 2004. Economic Perceptions and Executive

Tverdova, Yuliya V.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Economic Impact of the California Cancer Research Act Job Creation and Economic Activity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF THE CALIFORNIA CANCERACT Job creation and economic activity Stanton A. Glantz,RESEARCH AND EDUCATION Economic Impact of the California

Glantz, Stanton A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Economic Development | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Success Stories Success Stories Commercialization and Licensing Economic Development Industrial Partnerships Sponsored Research Partnerships Home | Connect with ORNL | For Industry | Partnerships | Success Stories | Economic Development Success Stories Economic Development 1-3 of 3 Results ORNL and Enterprise Center Help Revitalize Chattanooga September 02, 2011 - The Enterprise Center, through its technology-based economic development initiatives, is focused on economic transformation in Chattanooga, Hamilton County, and the Tennessee Valley Corridor region. Seven Companies Selected for ORNL Mentor Protégé Program November 28, 2012 - Seven companies have been selected to participate in the mentor protégé program sponsored by ORNL. The program is a DOE initiative designed to assist energy-related companies in an effort to

222

Systems Agronomic and Economic Evaluation of Cotton Varieties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systems Agronomic and Economic Evaluation of Cotton Varieties in the Texas High Plains 2007 Final Report Submitted to Plains Cotton Growers Plains Cotton Improvement Program Dr. Randy Boman, Extension Agronomist-Cotton Dr. Mark Kelley, Extension Program Specialist Texas AgriLife Extension Service Texas Agri

Mukhtar, Saqib

223

Systems Agronomic and Economic Evaluation of Cotton Varieties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systems Agronomic and Economic Evaluation of Cotton Varieties in the Texas High Plains 2008 Final Report Submitted to Plains Cotton Growers Plains Cotton Improvement Program Dr. Randy Boman, Extension Agronomist-Cotton Dr. Mark Kelley, Extension Program Specialist II Texas AgriLife Extension Service Texas

Mukhtar, Saqib

224

ECONOMICS UPDATE Issue 1 Autumn 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECONOMICS UPDATE Issue 1 Economics Update Autumn 2014 UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN � DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS IN THIS ISSUE Welcome to the first Economics update! In this twice-yearly publication, we. In the Research Assessment Exercise results of 2008, 100% of Economics research, was judged to be of international

Levi, Ran

225

Estimating the economic cost of sea-level rise Masahiro Sugiyama  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating the economic cost of sea-level rise by Masahiro Sugiyama Bachelor of Science in Earth To improve the estimate of economic costs of future sea-level rise associated with global climate change, the thesis generalizes the sea-level rise cost function originally proposed by Fankhauser, and applies

226

AGRICULTURE, 2002 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2002 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions Situation of the Wisconsin Cranberry Industry Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural-Extension #12;STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2002 An Annual Report by: Department of Agricultural and Applied

Radeloff, Volker C.

227

ILLINOIS ECONOMIC The Monthly Illinois Economic Review contains information on national, statewide, and local  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ILLINOIS ECONOMIC REVIEW The Monthly Illinois Economic Review contains information on national, statewide, and local economic performance by measuring job growth, unemployment, and business activity. This information is compiled by IGPA Economist Geoffrey Hewings, director of the Regional Economics Applications

Shim, Moonsub

228

BA Economics and BA Financial Economics Assessment Plan Program Learning Objectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BA Economics and BA Financial Economics ­ Assessment Plan Program Learning Objectives The program will prepare graduates: 1. Understand the "economic way model economic decisions. 3. The ability to analyze historical and current events

Cantlon, Jessica F.

229

Mountain Association for Community Economic Development- Energy Efficient Enterprise Loan Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Mountain Association for Community Economic Development (MACED) offers loans to small and mid-sized businesses, non-profits, schools and municipalities to improve energy efficiency through its...

230

Regional catalytic economic impacts and noise-damage costs of aviation growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is growing recognition that transportation or infrastructure improvements can have longer-term catalytic impacts economic productivity, which are in addition to the direct, indirect, or induced household spending ...

Tam, Ryan Aung Min, 1973-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

ENGINEERING AND ECONOMIC APPLICATIONS OF COMPLEMENTARITY PROBLEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENGINEERING AND ECONOMIC APPLICATIONS OF COMPLEMENTARITY PROBLEMS M. C. FERRIS AND J. S. PANG SIAM problems, variational inequalities, frictional contact, structural engineering, economic equilibria, the subject of complementarity problems, with its diverse applications in engineering, economics, and sciences

Ferris, Michael C.

232

PUBLIC EDUCATION, TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AND ECONOMIC PROSPERITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;1 Introduction The role of education in the process of economic development has been analyzed exten- sively #12; PUBLIC EDUCATION, TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AND ECONOMIC PROSPERITY Klaus Prettner #12;Public education, technological change and economic prosperity Klaus Prettnera a) Harvard University

Krivobokova, Tatyana

233

14.731 Economic History, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A survey of world economic history, designed to introduce economics graduate students to the subject matter and methodology of economic history. Topics chosen to show a wide variety of historical experience and illuminate ...

Temin, Peter

234

Economizer Control Using Mixed Air Enthalpy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enthalpy economizer can theoretically save more energy than temperature based economizer. However, the requirement of outdoor air humidity measurement in the traditional enthalpy economizer control made it impossible. A novel control sequence using...

Feng, J.; Liu, M.; Pang, W.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

The Economic and Community Impacts of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economic and Community Impacts of Freight Rail #12;Overview · 18 month project (started, Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT) · Vann Cunningham, Assistant Vice President, Economic Development, BNSF · Kevin Kelleher, Economic Development Program Specialist, Minnesota Department

Minnesota, University of

236

Capital indivisibility and economic efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......i-r)T ) . (50) CAPITAL INDIVISIBILITY AND ECONOMIC...justifiable when paying off past expenditure, but, when applied to future expenditure, it leads to effectively...uncertainty about future capital investment, this weighting......

W. R. Hodgkins

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Energy Economics and Corporate Profitability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

attitudes about energy conservation and planning come from using economic measures that do not accurately reflect the future earnings capabilities and cash flow generating characteristics of industrial firms. An action plan is presented for energy managers...

Gilbert, J. S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Economic Viability Under Frozen Conflict:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The thesis attempts at assessing dynamics of economic viability of Moldovas break-away region Transnistria living under frozen conflict. By assuming that Transnistria is a small (more)

Sabor, Iryna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Sandia National Laboratories: economically competitive next generation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

economically competitive next generation biofuels JBEI Updates Techno-Economic Modeling Tools for Biofuels On September 18, 2013, in Biofuels, Biomass, Computational Modeling &...

240

The Law and Economics of Costly Contracting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Markets, Relational Contracting, New York: Free Press (and the Value of Contracting, 89 American Economic ReviewLAW AND ECONOMICS OF COSTLY CONTRACTING BY ALAN SCHWARTZ AND

Schwartz, Alan; Watson, Joel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Workforce and Economic Development | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Workforce and Economic Development Workforce and Economic Development Slides presented in the "What's Working in Residential Energy Efficiency Upgrade Programs Conference -...

242

Economic Analysis of Commercial Idling Reduction Technologies...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technologies: Which idling reduction system is most economical for truck owners? Economic Analysis of Commercial Idling Reduction Technologies: Which idling reduction system...

243

Economic Dispatch of Electric Generation Capacity | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Economic Dispatch of Electric Generation Capacity Economic Dispatch of Electric Generation Capacity A report to congress and the states pursuant to sections 1234 and 1832 of the...

244

Revolving Economic Development and Initiative (South Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Revolving Economic Development and Initiative (REDI) provides low interest loans to start-up firms, businesses that are expanding or relocating and local economic development corporations. The...

245

Sandia National Laboratories: Assessing the Economic Potential...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EnergyBiofuelsAssessing the Economic Potential of Advanced Biofuels Assessing the Economic Potential of Advanced Biofuels Fabrication of AMI Demonstration Blade Begun...

246

Technical Demonstration and Economic Validation of Geothermal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Economic Validation of Geothermal-Produced Electricity from Coproduced Water at Existing OilGas Wells in Texas Technical Demonstration and Economic Validation of...

247

Political-economic processes and collective decision making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model of the political economic process? There is a preciseto model a political-economic process. We point out that in1994 Economic~ POLITICAL ECONOMIC PROCESSES AND COLLECTIVE

Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K.; van 't Veld, Klaas T.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

July 30, 2004 Crop Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Grapes, and Wine Tissue Analysis Grapes and Small Fruits Upcoming Meetings Crop Conditions: Apple harvest harvest management, increased fruit size, maintenance of fruit firmness, reduction of preharvest fruit drop, improved fruit quality, and enhanced storage potential. Rates of application are similar

Ginzel, Matthew

249

Economic theory and women's household status: The case of Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economic development disadvantages wives. Conventional microeconomic theory predicts this. As household incomes rise, wives have incentives to specialize in intangible household production. This may raise total household production according to the theory of comparative advantage, but disproportionately favors husbands in distribution of the gains according to the marginal productivity theory of distribution. Wives may become better off in absolute terms but more dependent financially on their husbands and lose power within the household. Historically, Japanese gender roles became highly specialized and wives legal status declined, although other Meiji-era features protected wives. Policies to improve women's status should address the precise economic problem involved.

Barbara J. Redman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

The Entropy Law and the impossibility of perpetual economic growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Every production-recycling iteration accumulates an inevitable proportion of its matter-energy in the environment, lest the production process itself would be a system in perpetual motion, violating the second law of Thermodynamics. Such high-entropy matter depletes finite stocks of ecosystem services provided by the ecosphere, hence are incompatible with the long-term growth in the material scale of the economic process. Moreover, the complex natural systems governing such stocks respond to depletion by possibly sudden environmental transitions, thus hindering markets' very ability to adapt to the new equilibrium conditions. Consequently, uncertainty of critical resilience thresholds constrains material economic growth.

Earp, Henrique N S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Economizer control assembly for regulating the volume flow of outdoor ambient air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An economizer assembly is disclosed wherein a sliding door is utilized for covering an outdoor ambient air opening allowing outdoor ambient air flow into a space to be conditioned. A motor shaft arrangement connected via a rotating drive rod is utilized to slidably displace the door to any position necessary to effectively regulate air flow. The utilization of this economizer control arrangement with a rooftop type air conditioning unit is further disclosed.

Michaels, D.D. Jr.

1984-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

252

High Performance Healthcare Buildings: A Roadmap to Improved Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficiency 11-Sept-2009 9. Economic and Organizationaland Organizational Issues 9.1. Strategies to overcome structural challenges to energy efficiencyorganizational scheme to facilitate discussion of challenges to improving energy efficiency

Singer, Brett C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Improving CO2 Efficiency for Recovering Oil in Heterogeneous Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work strived to improve industry understanding of CO2 flooding mechanisms with the ultimate goal of economically recovering more of the U.S. oil reserves. The principle interests are in the related fields of mobility control and injectivity.

Grigg, Reid B.; Svec, Robert K.

2003-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

254

Economic monitoring of a contour surface mine in steep slope Appalachian topography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate estimates of the costs of various surface mining unit operations in steep Appalachian topography are seldom encountered, but are essential to assessment of the feasibility of improving mined land reclamation via Controlled Overburden Placement (COP) procedures. The purposes and methods of monitoring economic costs and overburden movement at a steeply sloping Appalachian contour surface mine in Wise County, Virginia, are discussed. The monitoring program consists of three phases: daily records of machinery operation, monthly site visits to record mining progress, and studies of unit operations at the Amos Ridge site and at other sites in the area. The monitoring program is designed to allow precise estimates to be made of the machine hours required to move and place defined amounts of overburden under specified conditions. Limitations to the accuracy of such estimates are detailed. Accurate economic information on various mining procedures will facilitate the evaluation of tradeoffs between costs and environmental effects, as is necessary to make effective public policy decisions which affect mine reclamation practice.

Zipper, C.E.; Daniels, W.L.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way When applied to plants, Take-Off(tm) speeds crop emergence, increases growth rates and yields, improves stress tolerance and nutrient value, and reduces need for nitrogen fertilizers. April 3, 2012 Farmer in wheat field inspecting wheat Biagro Western offers Take-Off(tm), a metabolic plant stimulant that will allow farmers to increase crop carbon fixation and thereby increase nitrate uptake and nitrogen use efficiency. The new product speeds plants to maturity, allowing the plants to more efficiently assimilate nitrogen by coordinating the nitrogen uptake and photosynthesis processes. Field tests show that Take-Off(tm) reduced nitrogen inputs by 25 to 35 percent.

256

Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, and Future Trends Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, and Future Trends November 23, 2011 - 1:43pm Addthis Wind turbine prices in the United States have declined, on average, by nearly one-third since 2008, after doubling from 2002 through 2008. Over this entire period, the average nameplate capacity rating, hub height, and rotor swept area of turbines installed in the United States have increased significantly, while other design improvements have also boosted turbine energy production. In combination, these various trends have had a significant-and sometimes surprising-impact on the levelized cost of energy delivered by wind projects. This webinar will feature three related presentations that explore these

257

Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Power Economics: Past, Present, Power Economics: Past, Present, and Future Trends Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, and Future Trends November 23, 2011 - 1:43pm Addthis Wind turbine prices in the United States have declined, on average, by nearly one-third since 2008, after doubling from 2002 through 2008. Over this entire period, the average nameplate capacity rating, hub height, and rotor swept area of turbines installed in the United States have increased significantly, while other design improvements have also boosted turbine energy production. In combination, these various trends have had a significant-and sometimes surprising-impact on the levelized cost of energy delivered by wind projects. This webinar will feature three related presentations that explore these

258

Considerations When Selecting a Condensing Economizer  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This tip sheet lays out considerations when selecting condensing economizers as part of optimized steam systems.

259

The Economic Impact of the University of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economic Impact of the University of British Columbia Walter Sudmant Planning and Institutional "economic impact"? 6 What do we mean by Economic Impact? 7 1. Direct spending by UBC 9 2. Student Spending 10 3. Visitor Spending 11 4. The Economic Impact of UBC Research 13 · Spillover Effect 14 a. A case

Ollivier-Gooch, Carl

260

THE ECONOMIC SITUATION IN THE ECE REGION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE ECONOMIC SITUATION IN THE ECE REGION DIETER HESSE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS DIVISION UNECE #12;Major trends in the global economy so far in 2003 Global economic activity picked up ­ but uneven regional growth forces United States remains main engine of global economic growth Japan and Asian emerging

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The Economic State of Milwaukee, Prepared by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economic State of Milwaukee, 1990-2008 Prepared by: Center for Economic Development University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee December 2010 For further information contact: Joel Rast UWM Center for Economic of a two-year study by the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Center for Economic Development (CED

Saldin, Dilano

262

Economic benefits of greenspace Research Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic benefits of greenspace Research Report #12;#12;Research Report Economic benefits of greenspace A critical assessment of evidence of net economic benefits Forestry Commission: Edinburgh Vadim. ISBN 978-0-85538-865-2 Saraev, V. (2012) Economic benefits of greenspace: a critical assessment

263

Economic Assessment of the NIST Alternative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

98-1 Planning Report Economic Assessment of the NIST Alternative Refrigerants Research Program and Economic Analysis Group January 1998 U.S Department of Commerce Technology Administration #12;ECONOMIC and Economic Analysis Group Prepared by: Matthew T. Shedlick Albert N. Link John T. Scott Approved by: David P

264

Economics UMass Lowell Commonwealth Honors Track  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics UMass Lowell Commonwealth Honors Track Fall 2013 and Beyond Freshman Year/ Fall Semester.201 (H) Honors Economics I 3 49.202 Economics II 3 92.121 Pre-calc or any higher level 3 92.109 First Year Seminar 1 16 16 Sophomore Year/Fall Semester Cr Sophomore/Spring Semester 49.3/4 Economics

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

265

An Economic Profile of the Biosciences Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Economic Profile of the Biosciences Industry in West Virginia1 February 2008 By Anthony C. Gregory & Tom S. Witt Bureau of Business and Economic Research College of Business and Economics West are the responsibility of the authors. Mr. Gregory is a graduate research assistant, Bureau of Business and Economic

Mohaghegh, Shahab

266

Economics Major? Need Money for School?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics Major? Need Money for School? Then Apply for a: The Economics Department will award two scholarships, each in the amount of $750 this Spring 2014 to students majoring in Economics at San Francisco. First - a retired member of the Economics faculty. Both graduate and undergraduate students

267

Economic Assessment of the NIST Ceramic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

98-3 Planning Report Economic Assessment of the NIST Ceramic Phase Diagram Program Prepared by and Economic Analysis Group February 1998 U.S Department of Commerce Technology Administration #12;#12;ECONOMIC of Standards and Technology Program Office Strategic Planning and Economic Analysis Group Prepared under

268

Refractory Improvement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Refractory Improvement Refractory Improvement NETL Office of Research and Development Project Number: FWP-2012.03.03 Task 2 Project Description Industry would like gasifier on-line availability of 85-95% for utility applications and 95% for applications such as chemical production. Gasification facilities' are currently unable to meet these requirements, which have created a potential roadblock to widespread acceptance and commercialization of gasification technologies. Refractory liners and syngas coolers are among key components of the gasification process previously identified as negatively impacting gasifier availability. Ash originating from impurities in the gasifier's carbon feedstock is the root cause of many problems impacting gasifier RAM (Reliability Availability Maintainability). At the high temperatures of gasification, ash changes to liquid, gas, and solid phases which wear down refractory materials and can cause fouling, either of which can lead to unplanned shutdowns for system repair, replacement, or cleaning.

269

Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (Virginia) | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (Virginia) Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (Virginia) Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Program Info Start Date 1990 State Virginia Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Loan Program Public Benefits Fund Provider Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority The Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (VACEDA) was created in 1988 to encourage economic development in the western section of the state. The Authority administers incentive and financing programs designed to encourage new job creation and economic diversification, specifically in the electronic information technology, energy, education, and emerging technology sectors. VCEDA provides financial support for fixed assets,

270

Scleroglucan biopolymer production, properties, and economics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Production and solution properties which may make scleroglucan polysaccharide economically advantageous for onsite production and use in tertiary oil recovery were investigated. Scleroglucan, which is similar in viscosity and shear thinning to xanthan, can be produced in a 3-day batch or 12 h continuous fermentation. Yield is nearly 50% based on input glucose. Gross biopolymer-biomass separation may be effected using microscreening, a low energy process, followed by polish filtration. Polymer flux may be improved by hydrolysis with an endolaminarinase from Rhizopus arrhizius QM 1032. Simple feedstock requirements and low growth pH, together with the difficulty of resuspending dried polymer, may encourage field biopolymer fermentation and use of purified culture broth.

Compere, A.L.; Griffith, W.L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Optimization of catalyst system reaps economic benefits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Champlin Refining and Chemicals Inc. is learning to optimize its catalyst systems for hydrotreating Venezuelan gas oils through a program of research, pilot plant testing, and commercial unit operation. The economic results of this project have been evaluated, and the benefits are most evident in improvements in product yields and qualities. The project has involved six commercial test runs, to date (Runs 10-15), with a seventh run planned. A summary of the different types of catalyst systems used in the test runs, and the catalyst philosophy that developed is given. Runs 10 and 11 used standard CoMo and NiMo catalysts for heavy gas oils hydrotreating. These catalysts had small pore sizes and suffered high deactivation rates because of metals contamination. When it was discovered that metals contamination was a problem, catalyst options were reviewed.

Le Roy, C.F.; Hanshaw, M.J.; Fischer, S.M.; Malik, T.; Kooiman, R.R. (Champlin Refining and Chemicals Inc., Corpus Christi, TX (US))

1991-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

272

Syllabus for Economics 594 Economics Workshop for Masters Degree Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Example of Research Paper Format: Ariel R. Belasen and Solomon W. Polachek. 2008. "How Hurricanes Affect Wages and Employment in Local Labor Markets", American Economic Review 98(2): 49-53; Solomon W. Polachek Household Survey on Drug Abuse, (ICPSR) to Estimate a Demand Curve for Drug Use employing the methodology

Suzuki, Masatsugu

273

An Economic Look Backward, An Economic Look Forward  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's largest industrial parks-- Edison, with Raritan Center and Heller Park, and the Turnpike Exit 8A submarket t is now time to assess New Jersey's economic performance in 2006. This will consist of two parts? By Sachiyo Asakawa and James Kerns, Sales Associate­Industrial Division This new global economy is a major

274

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHRISTCHURCH, NEW ZEALAND Modeling the Effect of Oil Price on Global Fertilizer Prices Ping-Yu Chen, Chia;Modeling the Effect of Oil Price on Global Fertilizer Prices* Ping-Yu Chen Department of Applied Economics of this paper is to evaluate the effect of crude oil price on global fertilizer prices in both the mean

Hickman, Mark

275

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHRISTCHURCH, NEW ZEALAND Interdependence of International Tourism Demand and Volatility in Leading ASEAN in Leading ASEAN Destinations* Chia-Ling Chang Department of Applied Economics National Chung Hsing leading destinations in ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Each of these countries

Hickman, Mark

276

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, NEW ZEALAND SOME NEW APPROACHES TO FORECASTING THE PRICE OF ELECTRICITY: A STUDY OF CALIFORNIAN MARKET of Business and Economics University of Canterbury Private Bag 4800, Christchurch New Zealand #12;WORKING PAPER No. 05/2008 SOME NEW APPROACHES TO FORECASTING THE PRICE OF ELECTRICITY: A STUDY OF CALIFORNIAN

Hickman, Mark

277

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHRISTCHURCH, NEW ZEALAND A Critique of Wolak's Evaluation of the NZ Electricity Market: Introduction and Finance College of Business and Economics University of Canterbury Private Bag 4800, Christchurch New Zealand #12;A Critique of Wolak's Evaluation of the NZ Electricity Market: Introduction and Overview Lewis

Hickman, Mark

278

Economic analysis of fusion breeders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a study of the economic performance of Fission/Fusion Hybrid devices. This work takes fusion breeder cost estimates and applies methodology and cost factors used in the fission reactor programs to compare fusion breeders with Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactors (LMFBR). The results of the analysis indicate that the Hybrid will be in the same competitive range as proposed LMFBRs and have the potential to provide economically competitive power in a future of rising uranium prices. The sensitivity of the results to variations in key parameters is included.

Delene, J.G.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Improving Boiler Efficiency Modeling Based On Ambient Air Temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimum economic operation in a large power plant can cut operating costs substantially. Individual plant equipment should be operated under conditions that are most favorable for maximizing its efficiency. It is widely accepted that boiler load...

Zhou, J.; Deng, S.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; Haberl, J. S.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

The Economics of Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economics of Energy Efficiency Winter 2013 Why does Comcast give you set-top boxes that use the adoption of more energy- efficient technologies. This course will mostly not cover the "big picture landlord insulate the attic? What makes an investment in energy efficiency attractive? How does a company

California at Davis, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Climate Change Economics and Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AFRICA COLLEGE Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy Adapting to Climate Change 3 CLIMATE...Furthermore, there is strong scientific evidence that climate change will disrupt the global economy, environment and society a growing population in a changing climate is, therefore, a major global challenge. Changes in climate

Romano, Daniela

282

Economic History Revisited: New Uncertainties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the southern and midwestern regions of the United States. However, the large run-up in oil prices is increasingEconomic History Revisited: New Uncertainties I n the last Sitar-Rutgers Regional Report, we are paying ever-increasing prices for fewer available sites. Warehouse sites in the southern portion

283

Maximum Principles in Analytical Economics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...what he is saying is that the sci-entist who formulates laws of observed empirical phenomena is essentially an economist or economizer. Nonetheless, I must point out that these distinct roles are, almost by coin-cidence so to speak, closely related...

Paul A. Samuelson

1971-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

284

Energy Prices and California's Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Energy Prices, Renewables, Efficiency, and Economic Growth: Scenarios and Forecasts, financial support and incentives to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy and decrease the use of fossil fuels. Aligned with that plan, the state legislature recently passed the nation's boldest commitment to renewable energy

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

285

Economics of natural gas upgrading  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural gas could be an important alternative energy source in meeting some of the market demand presently met by liquid products from crude oil. This study was initiated to analyze three energy markets to determine if greater use could be made of natural gas or natural gas derived products and if those products could be provided on an economically competitive basis. The three markets targeted for possible increases in gas use were motor fuels, power generation, and the chemical feedstocks market. The economics of processes to convert natural gas to transportation fuels, chemical products, and power were analyzed. The economic analysis was accomplished by drawing on a variety of detailed economic studies, updating them and bringing the results to a common basis. The processes analyzed included production of methanol, MTBE, higher alcohols, gasoline, CNG, and LNG for the transportation market. Production and use of methanol and ammonia in the chemical feedstock market and use of natural gas for power generation were also assessed. Use of both high and low quality gas as a process feed stream was evaluated. The analysis also explored the impact of various gas price growth rates and process facility locations, including remote gas areas. In assessing the transportation fuels market the analysis examined production and use of both conventional and new alternative motor fuels.

Hackworth, J.H.; Koch, R.W.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Extreme Conditions Modeling Workshop Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) hosted the Wave Energy Converter (WEC) Extreme Conditions Modeling (ECM) Workshop in Albuquerque, NM on May 13th-14th, 2014. The objective of the workshop was to review the current state of knowledge on how to model WECs in extreme conditions (e.g. hurricanes and other large storms) and to suggest how U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and national laboratory resources could be used to improve ECM methods for the benefit of the wave energy industry.

Coe, R. G.; Neary, V. S.; Lawson, M. J.; Yu, Y.; Weber, J.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Title of Project: Systemwide Information for Transportation Assessment: Economic Impacts and ITS Deployment Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Northeastern Illinois area are to improve safety, improve service level (efficiency), reduce energy Deployment Planning Sponsors: Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) and Federal Highway Administration plans with a complete economic impact. Using this tool, the six-county Northeastern Illinois region

Illinois at Chicago, University of

288

Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority (Virginia) | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority (Virginia) Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority (Virginia) Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Virginia Program Type Enterprise Zone Industry Recruitment/Support Loan Program Public Benefits Fund Provider Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Corporation The Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority was created to encourage economic development in the Alleghany Highlands. The Authority provides financial support for the purchase of real estate, construction of

289

Improved aethalometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved aethalometer having a single light source and a single light detector and two light paths from the light source to the light detector. A quartz fiber filter is inserted in the device, the filter having a collection area in one light path and a reference area in the other light path. A gas flow path through the aethalometer housing allows ambient air to flow through the collection area of the filter so that aerosol particles can be collected on the filter. A rotating disk with an opening therethrough allows light for the light source to pass alternately through the two light paths. The voltage output of the detector is applied to a VCO and the VCO pulses for light transmission separately through the two light paths, are counted and compared to determine the absorption coefficient of the collected aerosol particles. 5 figs.

Hansen, A.D.

1988-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

290

Economic Growth in Ukraine: What if Reforms and Economic Recovery Had Started Earlier?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper examines Ukraines hypothetical economic performance over the decade ... of other countries providing intermediate alternatives. Had Ukraine replicated the economic performance of comparator ... parti...

Oleh Havrylyshyn; Bogdan Lissovolik

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Improving the Assessment and Valuation of Climate Change Impacts for Policy and Regulatory Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The social cost of carbon (SCC) is a monetized metric for evaluating the benefits associated with marginal reductions in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. It represents the expected welfare loss from the future damages caused by the release of one tonne of CO2 in a given year, expressed in consumption equivalent terms. It is intended to be a comprehensive measure, taking into account changes in agricultural productivity, human health risks, loss of ecosystem services and biodiversity, and the frequency and severity of flooding and storms, among other possible impacts. Estimating the SCC requires long-term modeling of global economic activity, the climate system, and the linkages between the two through anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the effects of changing climatic conditions on economic activity and human well-being. The United States government currently uses the SCC in regulatory benefit-cost analyses to assess the welfare effects of changes in CO2 emissions. Consistent application of the SCC to federal rulemaking analyses began in 2009-2010 with the development of a set of global SCC estimates that employed three prominent integrated assessment models (IAMs) -- DICE, FUND, and PAGE. The U.S. government report identified a number of limitations associated with SCC estimates in general and its own assumptions in particular: an incomplete treatment of damages, including potential catastrophic impacts; uncertainty regarding the extrapolation of damage functions to high temperatures; incomplete treatment of adaptation and technological change; and the evaluation of uncertain outcomes in a risk-neutral fashion. External experts have identified other potential issues, including how best to model long-term socio-economic and emissions pathways, oversimplified physical climate and carbon cycle modeling within the IAMs, and an inconsistency between non-constant economic growth scenarios and constant discount rates. The U.S. government has committed to updating the estimates regularly as modeling capabilities and scientific and economic knowledge improves. To help foster further improvements in estimating the SCC, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy hosted a pair of workshops on Improving the Assessment and Valuation of Climate Change Impacts for Policy and Regulatory Analysis. The first focused on conceptual and methodological issues related to integrated assessment modeling and the second brought together natural and social scientists to explore methods for improving damage assessment for multiple sectors. These two workshops provide the basis for the 13 papers in this special issue.

Marten, Alex; Kopp, Robert E.; Shouse, Kate C.; Griffiths, Charles; Hodson, Elke L.; Kopits, Elizabeth; Mignone, Bryan K.; Moore, Chris; Newbold, Steve; Waldhoff, Stephanie T.; Wolverton, Ann

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

DOE Tribal Intern Aims to Improve Conditions in Indian Country...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

both valuable standpoints. Curriculum that allows me to obtain strong scientific and political knowledge along with experience in the field will give me the tools needed to merge...

293

Condition and Potential for Improvement of High Altitude Rangelands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by yaks to sharpen their horns and further expansion of the soil serve as resting pits for yaks. Eventually, they become large blotches of open scars on the alpine landscape and set off the soil erosion processes. The above evidences clearly show... purpose. Consequently, the areas around the camps are very fertile and infested with weeds. Shrub Encroachment In the past, shrub invasion has been periodically eliminated through burning. Following the ban of fires in early 1970s, encroachment...

Gyamtsho, Pema

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Operating conditions of submerged gates and possibilities of improvement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. Submerged gates, employed at high-head hydroelectric stations, do not completely meet the demands placed on t...

P. R. Khlopenkov

1971-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Energy grades and economic growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1709 William Darby invented the coking process that led to the use of coal in eighteenth century England. From an economic standpoint, one could say that this event more than any other ushered in the industrial revolution with its dependence on coal and steel produced with coal. However, from an engineering perspective, there is another cause of the industrial revolution that is more subtle-the physical makeup of the energy resources available to England. According to Simon Kuznets, an economic epoch, i.e., a period of time defined by rapid population increase for a given region, {open_quotes}is determined and shaped by the application and ramification of an {open_quote}epochal{close_quote} innovation{close_quotes}, in other words, new significant technologies.

Reynolds, D.B.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

296

Essays in public finance and labor economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines three questions of causality relevant to public finance and labor economics: the effect of racial segregation on city characteristics, the effect of divorce on women's economic outcomes, and the effect ...

Ananat, Elizabeth Oltmans

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

SWAMC Economic Summit | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

SWAMC Economic Summit SWAMC Economic Summit March 4, 2015 6:00AM AKST to March 6, 2015 3:00PM AKST Anchorage, Alaska Hotel Captain Cook 939 West 5th Avenue Anchorage, AK 99501 The...

298

ASSESSMENT OF ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF MODEL PREDICTIVE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASSESSMENT OF ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL THROUGH VARIANCE/CONSTRAINT TUNING advanced process control (APC) strategies to deal with multivariable constrained control problems with an ultimate objective towards economic optimization. Any attempt to evaluate MPC performance should therefore

Huang, Biao

299

Essays on conflict, cooperation and economic development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of three chapters on topics relating to conflict, social cooperation and development economics. Several studies have identified the impact of adverse economic shocks on civil conflict using ...

Ralston, Laura R. (Laura Rosalind)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Economic Issues Relating to Geothermal Energy Use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter begins with a general discussion of why an economic analysis is required and whether it should be called economic or financial. The costs and cash flows for a single isolated geothermal project are t...

Arnold Watson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Essays in experimental and development economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is a collection of three essays on economic development and experimental economics. In Chapter 1, I present experimental evidence about how Thais treat information from domestic and foreign sources. Thai students ...

Healy, Andrew J

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Variables Affecting Economic Development of Wind Energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL's JEDI Wind model performed an analysis of wind-power-related economic development drivers. Economic development benefits for wind and coal were estimated using NREL's JEDI Wind and JEDI Coal models.

Lantz, E.; Tegen, S.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Essays in development and environmental economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on economic development and environmental economics. Chapter 1 measures the response of U.S. based multinational firms to the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA), which ...

Hanna, Rema

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

The Economics of Antifoulant Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

foul ant application are evaluated based on the optimum exchanger cleaning interval. Sensitivities to antifou1ant effectiveness are calculated and procedures which can be used to evaluate the economic optimum use of anti foul ants are described.... This fouling effect can be somewhat mitigated by periodic chemical or mechanical cleaning of the heat exchanger surface, and by the addition of antifou1ants. The typical decay in heat recovery capability due to fouling and restoration after heat exchanger...

Siegell, J. H.

305

Economic vulnerability to Peak Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Peak Oil, which refers to the maximum possible global oil production rate, is increasingly gaining attention in both science and policy discourses. However, little is known about how this phenomenon will impact economies, despite its apparent imminence and potential dangers. In this paper, we construct a vulnerability map of the U.S. economy, combining two approaches for analyzing economic systems, i.e. inputoutput analysis and social network analysis (applied to economic data). Our approach reveals the relative importance of individual economic sectors, and how vulnerable they are to oil price shocks. As such, our dual-analysis helps identify which sectors, due to their strategic position, could put the entire U.S. economy at risk from Peak Oil. For the U.S., such sectors would include Iron Mills, Fertilizer Production and Transport by Air. Our findings thus provide early warnings to downstream companies about potential trouble in their supply chain, and inform policy action for Peak Oil. Although our analysis is embedded in a Peak Oil narrative, it is just as valid and useful in the context of developing a climate roadmap toward a low carbon economy.

Christian Kerschner; Christina Prell; Kuishuang Feng; Klaus Hubacek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Economics & Finance MA or BSc (Single Honours Degrees)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

88 Economics & Finance MA or BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Applied Economics Economics Financial Economics BA (International Honours Degrees) Economics See page 13 MA or BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Economics and one of: Management Mathematics MA (Joint Honours Degrees) Economics and one of: Ancient

Brierley, Andrew

307

The economic burden of sunscreen usage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Burden of Sunscreen Usage Ritika Johal 1 , Michaelprice per ounce. Sunscreen Usage To estimate the daily use

Johal, Ritika; Leo, Michael S; Ma, Brian; Sivamani, Raja K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Essays on Environmental and Resource Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spaces, water treatment, environmental management, wastespaces, water treatment, environmental management, wasteWater Standards. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management,

Toledo, Chantal Nathalie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Growing concern over climate change is prompting new thinking about the technologies used to generate electricity. In the future, it is possible that new government policies on greenhouse gas emissions may favor electric generation technology options that release zero or low levels of carbon emissions. The Western U.S. has abundant wind and coal resources. In a world with carbon constraints, the future of coal for new electrical generation is likely to depend on the development and successful application of new clean coal technologies with near zero carbon emissions. This scoping study explores the economic and technical feasibility of combining wind farms with advanced coal generation facilities and operating them as a single generation complex in the Western US. The key questions examined are whether an advanced coal-wind hybrid (ACWH) facility provides sufficient advantages through improvements to the utilization of transmission lines and the capability to firm up variable wind generation for delivery to load centers to compete effectively with other supply-side alternatives in terms of project economics and emissions footprint. The study was conducted by an Analysis Team that consists of staff from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), and Western Interstate Energy Board (WIEB). We conducted a screening level analysis of the economic competitiveness and technical feasibility of ACWH generation options located in Wyoming that would supply electricity to load centers in California, Arizona or Nevada. Figure ES-1 is a simple stylized representation of the configuration of the ACWH options. The ACWH consists of a 3,000 MW coal gasification combined cycle power plant equipped with carbon capture and sequestration (G+CC+CCS plant), a fuel production or syngas storage facility, and a 1,500 MW wind plant. The ACWH project is connected to load centers by a 3,000 MW transmission line. In the G+CC+CCS plant, coal is gasified into syngas and CO{sub 2} (which is captured). The syngas is burned in the combined cycle plant to produce electricity. The ACWH facility is operated in such a way that the transmission line is always utilized at its full capacity by backing down the combined cycle (CC) power generation units to accommodate wind generation. Operating the ACWH facility in this manner results in a constant power delivery of 3,000 MW to the load centers, in effect firming-up the wind generation at the project site.

Phadke, Amol; Goldman, Charles; Larson, Doug; Carr, Tom; Rath, Larry; Balash, Peter; Yih-Huei, Wan

2008-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

310

Economic Viability of Dynamic Spectrum Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Economics Lab Department of Information Engineering The Chinese University of Hong Kong #12;#12;1 EconomicEconomic Viability of Dynamic Spectrum Management Jianwei Huang Network Communications efficiently. Successful im- plementation of DSM is not a pure engineering issue. It is also a complicated

Huang, Jianwei

311

Competition Policy, Bailouts and the Economic Crisis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Competition Policy, Bailouts and the Economic Crisis by Bruce Lyons School of Economics Davies, John Fingleton, Alan Gregory, John Kay, John Kwoka and a CCP seminar. None of them can be held responsible for the views I express. Contact details: Bruce Lyons, School of Economics and the ESRC Centre

Feigon, Brooke

312

ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF INSURANCE FRAUD Pierre PICARD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF INSURANCE FRAUD Pierre PICARD August 2012 Cahier n° 2012-23 ECOLE:chantal.poujouly@polytechnique.edu #12;ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF INSURANCE FRAUD1 Pierre PICARD2 August 2012 Cahier n° 2012-23 Abstract: We survey recent developments in the economic analysis of insurance fraud. The paper first sets out the two

Boyer, Edmond

313

Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel development in Asia Pacific Christina Schott Jakarta, 2009 #12;ii Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel development in Asia Pacific Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel of many biofuels has turned out to be far from sustainable. The carbon balance often proves to be negative

314

Desalted Seawater for Agriculture: Is It Economic?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...7. W. E. Hoehn, The Economics of Nuclear Reactors for Power...P. Sporn in Nuclear Power Economics-1962 through 1967, report...First Int. Symp. Water Desalination [cited by Wolfo-witz...of the Committee on the Economics of Water Resource Development...

Marion Clawson; Hans H. Landsberg; Lyle T. Alexander

1969-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

315

Department of Economics 3151 Social Science Plaza  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Economic History 47 (April 2010), 158-178. `The Estate Acts Database: A New Source for British History.S., Economics, University of Minnesota 1998 B.A., Summa Cum Laude, History, University of Minnesota 1998 B Century England?' The Journal of Economic History, 65 (June 2005), 439-468. `Turnpike Trusts

Loudon, Catherine

316

APPALACHIAN COLLEGES COMMUNITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of ACA institutions 2. Build value-added and sustainable campus-community economic developmentAPPALACHIAN COLLEGES COMMUNITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP The UNC-Chapel Hill Office of Economic and Business Development and the Appalachian College Association proudly announce the Appalachian

Engel, Jonathan

317

Planning Report 04-3 Measuring Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Planning Report 04-3 Measuring Economic Effects of Technical Barriers to Trade on U.S. Exporters not necessarily reflect the opinions or policies of its research sponsors. Measuring Economic Effects of Technical, such as tariffs, concern has grown about the possible economic effects of technical barriers to trade (TBTs

318

January 11, 2001 IEAB Independent Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

January 11, 2001 1 IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board Daniel D. Huppert, Chair Lon L. Peters Radtke Economics of Water Acquisition Projects Go to Appendix A Go to Appendix B Go to Appendix C Developed by the Independent Economic Analysis Board For the Northwest Power Planning Council December 21

319

RISING ECONOMIC INSECURITY AMONG SENIOR SINGLE WOMEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RISING ECONOMIC INSECURITY AMONG SENIOR SINGLE WOMEN Tatjana Meschede Martha Cronin Laura Sullivan paying bills, forgoing home maintenance or medical needs. New research shows that economic insecurity of the Great Recession had been felt--economic insecurity among this population subgroup increased by one

Snider, Barry B.

320

SERG Research Ethics Social and Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in social values. The issues involved in the process of social and economic research are becoming moreSERG Research Ethics Social and Economic Research Group: Research Ethics Contents Contents and manipulation is increasing. According to the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC 2009) research ethics

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

NZER WORKING PAPER SERIES BOLIVIA'S ECONOMIC CRISIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

process throughout this century, --1-- #12;'acle I Economic Performance in the jg8Os, Se'ected CountriesNZER WORKING PAPER SERIES BOLIVIA'S ECONOMIC CRISIS Juan Antonio Morales Jeffrey Sachs Working Paper No. 2620 NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138

322

The Economic Impacts of NIST Cholesterol Standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

00-4 Planning Report The Economic Impacts of NIST Cholesterol Standards Program Prepared by: TASC, Inc. for National Institute of Standards & Technology Program Office Strategic Planning and Economic Analysis Group September 2000 U.S Department of Commerce Technology Administration #12;The Economic Impacts

323

Economic Impact of Medicaid on South Carolina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Impact of Medicaid on South Carolina Developed for The SC Department of Health and Human 2002 #12;Medicaid Economic Impact, i Executive Summary This study analyzes the impact of Medicaid, the health care insurance program, on South Carolina's economic development. South Carolina is considering

Almor, Amit

324

The Economics of HOl1icultural Biotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economics of HOl1icultural Biotechnology Julian M. Alston Kent J. Bradford Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes SUMMARY. Technological change has driven economic progress in agIiculture and will continue, Department of Agricultural and Resource Econom- ics, University of California, Davis and Associate Director

Bradford, Kent

325

Economics in Film Professors: Dr. Naphtali Hoffman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics in Film Professors: Dr. Naphtali Hoffman Office:LT 912 Office Phone: (607) 735: This course is designed to achieve two goals: The first is to introduce students to economic problems, debates, and ideas. The second is to develop critical thinking skill by applying what you know of economics

Suzuki, Masatsugu

326

The Economic Legacy of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economic Legacy of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Prof. Nader Habibi Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Iran's sixth and working-class Iranians. His campaign promises regarding redistributing wealth, enlarging economic, during his two terms in office, Ahmadinejad indeed implemented a number of important economic reforms

Snider, Barry B.

327

STATE OF CALIFORNIA AIR ECONOMIZER CONTROLS ACCEPTANCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF CALIFORNIA AIR ECONOMIZER CONTROLS ACCEPTANCE CEC-MECH-5A (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE MECH-5A NA7.5.4 Air Economizer Controls Acceptance (Page 1 AIR ECONOMIZER CONTROLS ACCEPTANCE CEC-MECH-5A (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

328

Economic Approaches to Understanding Scientific Norms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Approaches to Understanding Scientific Norms Michael Strevens To appear in Episteme A A theme of much work taking an "economic approach" to the study of sci- ence is the interaction between of formal methods, proponents of the economic approach offer what are in substantive terms profoundly

Strevens, Michael

329

An energy-economic oil production model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......such as natural gas, coal, hydro and nuclear power...perspective, this energy-economic model offers an opportunity...Testimony before the Joint Economic Committee of the US Congress...HOEOEK, M. (2010) Coal and oil: the dark monarchs...2001) Introduction to Economic Growth, 2nd edn. New......

Peter Berg; Paul Hanz; Ian Milton

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Chemical Marketing and Economics Division reprints  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemical Marketing and Economics Division reprints ... The ACS Chemical Marketing and Economics Division has available reprints of the symposiums listed below. ... Make checks payable to Chemical Marketing and Economics Division, ACS, and send to the assistant treasurer, H. C. McClure, Richardson Co., 2700 West Lake St., Melrose Park, Ill. ...

1968-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

331

Population Structure, Association Mapping of Economic Traits and Landscape Genomics of East Texas Loblolly Pine ( Pinus taeda L.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) is an ecologically and economically important southern pine, distributed across the southeastern United States. Its genetic improvement for breeding and deployment is a major goal of the Western Gulf Forest Tree...

Chhatre, Vikram E.

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

332

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHRISTCHURCH, NEW ZEALAND USING ONLINE ASSESSMENT TO REPLACE INVIGILATED ASSESSMENT IN TIMES OF A NATURAL ASSESSMENT IN TIMES OF A NATURAL DISASTER ­ ARE SOME ONLINE ASSESSMENT CONDITIONS BETTER THAN OTHERS? Steve DISASTER ­ ARE SOME ONLINE ASSESSMENT CONDITIONS BETTER THAN OTHERS? Steve Agnew and Stephen Hickson

Hickman, Mark

333

2014 Offshore Wind Market & Economic Analysis Cover Photo | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

4 Offshore Wind Market & Economic Analysis Cover Photo 2014 Offshore Wind Market & Economic Analysis Cover Photo Navigant 2014 Offshore Wind Market and Economic Analysis.JPG More...

334

Microsoft PowerPoint - 03 Wyss Economic Outlook [Compatibility...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

03 Wyss Economic Outlook Compatibility Mode Microsoft PowerPoint - 03 Wyss Economic Outlook Compatibility Mode Microsoft PowerPoint - 03 Wyss Economic Outlook Compatibility...

335

2015 INL TECH BASED ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DONATION REQUEST FORM  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

INL TECH BASED ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DONATION REQUEST FORM Regional Economic Development, Entrepreneurship, Technology-Based Economic Development & Innovation Return form to...

336

Iowa Department of Economic Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Iowa Department of Economic Development Place: Des Moines, Iowa Zip: 50309 Product: Iowa economic development agency. References: Iowa Department of Economic Development1 This...

337

Economic and Distributed Model Predictive Control of Nonlinear Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. Amrit. Optimizing process economic performance us- ing2 Economic Model Predictive Control of Nonlinear Processof MPC and economic optimization of processes (e.g. , [2,

Heidarinejad, Mohsen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Energy Implications of Economizer Use in California Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Outside Air Economizers In Data Center Environments. air-side water-side economizer scenarios Transformer Lossesbaseline air-side water-side economizer scenarios Sacramento

Shehabi, Arman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Space Conditioning Standing Technical Commitee Presentation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Partnership for Improved Residential Construction Partnership for Improved Residential Construction ba-pirc.org Building America Stakeholder Meeting 2012 RESNET Building Performance Conference Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee Eric Martin and Janet McIlvaine Partnership for Improved Residential Construction Florida Solar Energy Center Ba.spaceconditioning.stc@gmail.com February 29, 2012 2 | Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction ba-pirc.org https://sites.google.com/site/bastcspaceconditioning/ Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee Upcoming Activity Upcoming Activity Files, docs, schedule, etc. Files, docs, schedule, etc. 3 | Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction ba-pirc.org * U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies Program directs the Building America program

340

Why Law, Economics and Organization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by introducing contractual safeguards or, as appropriate,promote continuity and safeguard investments. Coordination (the magnitude of any such safeguards. An s = 0 condition is

Williamson, Oliver E

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Takashi Negishi,"Kyoto School of Modern Economic Theory", Kyoto Economic Review, 73-1, 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Asia ASEAN Economy and Sustainable Development Comparative Development Studies Environmental Economic

Takada, Shoji

342

ECONOMIC IMPACT ANALYSIS PROGRAMS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF FOOD AND RESOURCE ECONOMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ECONOMIC IMPACT ANALYSIS PROGRAMS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF FOOD AND RESOURCE ECONOMICS David Mulkey and human resource sectors. As a part of that initiative, the Department of Food and Resource Economics (FRED) is developing a special program emphasis in economic impact analysis focused on Florida

Florida, University of

343

Tevatron improvement program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A modest Tevatron improvement program is suggested which would provide a storage ring for dedicated use as a p anti p collider at 2 TeV (cm) and as an ep collider at 0.2 TeV (cm). It could also serve as a useful test facility for some of the new developments necessary for an economical SSC. Because use could be made of utilities and facilities that are already installed as part of the tevatron, the cost of the p anti p option might be about 100 million dollars (not including the interaction halls or detectors). The additional cost of a 10 x 1000 GeV' ep option might be about 70 million dollars. The experimental facilities at B and D of the Tevatron might be extended for use with the new collider. As the technology of superconducting magnets develops, the cm energy of the p anti p and the ep colliders might be doubled. The intention is either to double the capability of TeV I and TeV II, or to extend the capability by addition of an ep facility. Alternatively, by adding another proton ring, a high luminosity pp facility might also result.

Wilson, R.R.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

The Economic Effects of Electricity Deregulation: An Empricial Analysis of Indian States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk E P R G W O R K IN G P A P E R Abstract The Economic Effects of Electricity Deregulation: An Empirical Analysis of Indian States EPRG Working Paper 1001 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics 1005 Anupama Sen... and Tooraj Jamasb As developing countries seek to improve their economic prospects, electricity reform has been widely viewed as a central part of this effort. While the focus of most research to date has been at economy or utility level; there has...

Sen, A; Jamasb, Tooraj

345

Economic and sensitivity analyses of dynamic distributed generation dispatch to reduce building energy cost  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The practicality of any particular distributed generation (DG) installation depends upon its ability to reduce overall energy costs. A parametric study summarizing DG performance capabilities is developed using an economic dispatch strategy that minimizes building energy costs. Various electric rate structures are considered and applied to simulate meeting various measured building demand dynamics for heat and power. A determination of whether investment in DG makes economic sense is developed using a real-time dynamic dispatch and control strategy to meet real building demand dynamics. Under the economic dispatch strategy, capacity factor is influenced by DG electrical efficiency, operations and maintenance cost, and fuel price. Under a declining block natural gas rate structure, a large local thermal demand improves DG economics. Increasing capacity for DG that produces low cost electricity increases savings, but installing further capacity beyond the average building electrical demand reduces savings. For DG that produces high cost electricity, reducing demand charges can produce savings. Heat recovery improves capacity factor and DG economics only if thermal and electrical demand is coincident and DG heat is utilized. Potential DG economic value can be improved or impaired depending upon how the utility electricity cost is determined.

Robert J. Flores; Brendan P. Shaffer; Jacob Brouwer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Reliability Analysis for the Automobile Gasoline Economizer of the One-way Gear Devices on the 3D Contact Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three-dimensional elastic contact model of the automobile gasoline economizer of the one-way gear devices is analyzed on the base of FEM. The work condition is calculated, and the stable stress distribution, strain distribution and the deformation of ... Keywords: intensity reliability analysis, elastic contact, FEA, automobile gasoline economizer, gear devices

Yanxia Wang; Shanliang Sun; Hui Gao

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

A review of uranium economics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recent increase in the demand for power for commercial use, the challenges facing fossil fuel use and the prospective of cheap nuclear power motivate different countries to plan for the use of nuclear power. This paper reviews many aspects of uranium economics, which includes the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear power, comparisons with other sources of power, nuclear power production and requirements, the uranium market, uranium pricing, spot price and long-term price indicators, and the cost of building a nuclear power facility.

A.K. Mazher

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Integrated approach towards the application of horizontal wells to improve waterflooding performance. Annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This annual report describes the progress during the second year of the project on Integrated Approach Towards the Application of Horizontal Wells to Improve Waterflooding Performance. This project is funded under the Department of Energy`s Class I program which is targeted towards improving the reservoir performance of mature oil fields located in fluvial-dominated deltaic deposits. The project involves an integrated approach to characterize the reservoir followed by the drilling of horizontal injection wells to improve production performance. The type of data we have integrated include cross bore hole seismic surveys, geological interpretation based on logs and cores, and engineering information. This report covers the second phase of the project which includes a detailed reservoir description of the field by integrating all the available information, followed by flow simulation of the Self Unit under various operating conditions. Based on an examination of the various operating parameters, we observed that the best possible solution to improve the Self Unit performance is to recomplete and stimulate most of the wells followed by an increase in the water injection rate. Drilling of horizontal injection well, although helpful in improving the performance, was not found to be economically feasible. The proposed reservoir management plan will be implemented shortly.

Kelkar, M.; Liner, C.; Kerr, D.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

HVAC Improvements for Existing Houses  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HVAC Improvements for Existing Houses HVAC Improvements for Existing Houses Speaker(s): Chryséis Bovagnet Date: September 5, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Many older houses in the US are either not well designed from a thermal point of view or have HVAC (Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning) systems in need of repairs or improvements. The building envelopes tend to have poor insulation and lots of leakage, and the HVAC systems are inefficient. The cooling/heating equipment is often located outside of the conditioned space (e.g. in attics or crawlspaces) with ducts that leak and have poor insulation, which cause energy loss and bad occupant comfort on peak days or in extreme climates. We developed a series of retrofits that will allow us to reduce the energy consumption of residential HVAC

350

An updated comprehensive techno-economic analysis of algae biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Algae biodiesel is a promising but expensive alternative fuel to petro-diesel. To overcome cost barriers, detailed cost analyses are needed. A decade-old cost analysis by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory indicated that the costs of algae biodiesel were in the range of $0.530.85/L (2012 USD values). However, the cost of land and transesterification were just roughly estimated. In this study, an updated comprehensive techno-economic analysis was conducted with optimized processes and improved cost estimations. Latest process improvement, quotes from vendors, government databases, and other relevant data sources were used to calculate the updated algal biodiesel costs, and the final costs of biodiesel are in the range of $0.420.97/L. Additional improvements on cost-effective biodiesel production around the globe to cultivate algae was also recommended. Overall, the calculated costs seem promising, suggesting that a single step biodiesel production process is close to commercial reality.

Sanjay Nagarajan; Siaw Kiang Chou; Shenyan Cao; Chen Wu; Zhi Zhou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Assess economic and market potential of technologies and initiatives | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assess economic and market potential of technologies and initiatives Assess economic and market potential of technologies and initiatives Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

352

Web-Based Economic and Environmental Optimization of Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our Contribution to Microgrids Technology research TestingEconomic & environmental technology selection Economic &Lai Environmental Energy Technologies Division January 20,

Stadler, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Economic and policy implications of pandemic influenza.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pandemic influenza has become a serious global health concern; in response, governments around the world have allocated increasing funds to containment of public health threats from this disease. Pandemic influenza is also recognized to have serious economic implications, causing illness and absence that reduces worker productivity and economic output and, through mortality, robs nations of their most valuable assets - human resources. This paper reports two studies that investigate both the short- and long-term economic implications of a pandemic flu outbreak. Policy makers can use the growing number of economic impact estimates to decide how much to spend to combat the pandemic influenza outbreaks. Experts recognize that pandemic influenza has serious global economic implications. The illness causes absenteeism, reduced worker productivity, and therefore reduced economic output. This, combined with the associated mortality rate, robs nations of valuable human resources. Policy makers can use economic impact estimates to decide how much to spend to combat the pandemic influenza outbreaks. In this paper economists examine two studies which investigate both the short- and long-term economic implications of a pandemic influenza outbreak. Resulting policy implications are also discussed. The research uses the Regional Economic Modeling, Inc. (REMI) Policy Insight + Model. This model provides a dynamic, regional, North America Industrial Classification System (NAICS) industry-structured framework for forecasting. It is supported by a population dynamics model that is well-adapted to investigating macro-economic implications of pandemic influenza, including possible demand side effects. The studies reported in this paper exercise all of these capabilities.

Smith, Braeton J.; Starks, Shirley J.; Loose, Verne W.; Brown, Theresa Jean; Warren, Drake E.; Vargas, Vanessa N.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

CONDENSING ECONOMIZERS FOR SMALL COAL-FIRED BOILERS AND FURNACES PROJECT REPORT - JANUARY 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Condensing economizers increase the thermal efficiency of boilers by recovering sensible and latent heat from exhaust gas. These economizers are currently being used commercially for this purpose in a wide range of applications. Performance is dependent upon application-specific factors affecting the utility of recovered heat. With the addition of a condensing economizer boiler efficiency improvements up to 10% are possible. Condensing economizers can also capture flue gas particulates. In this work, the potential use of condensing economizers for both efficiency improvement and control of particulate emissions from small, coal water slurry-fired boilers was evaluated. Analysis was done to predict heat transfer and particulate capture by mechanisms including: inertial impaction, interception, diffusion, thermophoretic forces, and condensation growth. Shell-and-tube geometries were considered with flue gas on the outside of Teflon-covered tubes. Experimental studies were done with both air- and water-cooled economizers refit to a small boiler. Two experimental arrangements were used including oil-firing with injection of flyash upstream of the economizer and direct coal water slurry firing. Firing rates ranged from 27 to 82 kW (92,000 to 280,000 Btu/hr). Inertial impaction was found to be the most important particulate capture mechanism and removal efficiencies to 95% were achieved. With the addition of water sprays directly on the first row of tubes, removal efficiencies increased to 98%. Use of these sprays adversely affects heat recovery. Primary benefits of the sprays are seen to be the addition of small impaction sites and future design improvements are suggested in which such small impacts are permanently added to the highest velocity regions of the economizer. Predicted effects of these added impactors on particulate removal and pressure drop are presented.

BUTCHER,T.A.

1994-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

355

Electricity and Natural Gas Efficiency Improvements for Residential Gas  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Natural Gas Efficiency Improvements for Residential Gas and Natural Gas Efficiency Improvements for Residential Gas Furnaces in the U.S. Title Electricity and Natural Gas Efficiency Improvements for Residential Gas Furnaces in the U.S. Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-59745 Year of Publication 2006 Authors Lekov, Alexander B., Victor H. Franco, Stephen Meyers, James E. McMahon, Michael A. McNeil, and James D. Lutz Document Number LBNL-59745 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract This paper presents analysis of the life-cycle costs for individual households and the aggregate energy and economic impacts from potential energy efficiency improvements in U.S. residential furnaces. Most homes in the US are heated by a central furnace attached to ducts for distributing heated air and fueled by natural gas. Electricity consumption by a furnace blower is significant, comparable to the annual electricity consumption of a major appliance. Since the same blower unit is also used during the summer to circulate cooled air in centrally air conditioned homes, electricity savings occur year round. Estimates are provided of the potential electricity savings from more efficient fans and motors. Current regulations require new residential gas-fired furnaces (not including mobile home furnaces) to meet or exceed 78% annual fuel utilization efficiency (AFUE), but in fact nearly all furnaces sold are at 80% AFUE or higher. The possibilities for higher fuel efficiency fall into two groups: more efficient non-condensing furnaces (81% AFUE) and condensing furnaces (90-96% AFUE). There are also options to increase the efficiency of the furnace blower. This paper reports the projected national energy and economic impacts of requiring higher efficiency furnaces in the future. Energy savings vary with climate, with the result that condensing furnaces offer larger energy savings in colder climates. The range of impacts for a statistical sample of households and the percent of households with net savings in life cycle cost are shown. Gas furnaces are somewhat unusual in that the technology does not easily permit incremental change to the AFUE above 80%. Achieving significant energy savings requires use of condensing technology, which yields a large efficiency gain (to 90% or higher AFUE), but has a higher cost. With respect to electricity efficiency design options, the ECM has a negative effect on the average LCC. The current extra cost of this technology more than offsets the sizable electricity savings.

356

Capital indivisibility and economic efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the condition that the demand equals the capacity for...28) The right-hand side is always negative when...elasticity of electricity demand in South Australia. Working...in comparing supply and demand side options. Water Supply......

W. R. Hodgkins

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP): A Public/Private Partnership for Improving Short Term Wind Energy Forecasts and Quantifying the Benefits of Utility Operations  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP) is a U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored research project whose overarching goals are to improve the accuracy of short-term wind energy forecasts, and to demonstrate the economic value of these improvements.

358

Advanced Fuel Cycle Economic Analysis of Symbiotic Light-Water Reactor and Fast Burner Reactor Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Fuel Cycle Economic Analysis of Symbiotic Light-Water Reactor and Fast Burner Reactor Systems, prepared to support the U.S. Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) systems analysis, provides a technology-oriented baseline system cost comparison between the open fuel cycle and closed fuel cycle systems. The intent is to understand their overall cost trends, cost sensitivities, and trade-offs. This analysis also improves the AFCI Programs understanding of the cost drivers that will determine nuclear powers cost competitiveness vis-a-vis other baseload generation systems. The common reactor-related costs consist of capital, operating, and decontamination and decommissioning costs. Fuel cycle costs include front-end (pre-irradiation) and back-end (post-iradiation) costs, as well as costs specifically associated with fuel recycling. This analysis reveals that there are large cost uncertainties associated with all the fuel cycle strategies, and that overall systems (reactor plus fuel cycle) using a closed fuel cycle are about 10% more expensive in terms of electricity generation cost than open cycle systems. The study concludes that further U.S. and joint international-based design studies are needed to reduce the cost uncertainties with respect to fast reactor, fuel separation and fabrication, and waste disposition. The results of this work can help provide insight to the cost-related factors and conditions needed to keep nuclear energy (including closed fuel cycles) economically competitive in the U.S. and worldwide. These results may be updated over time based on new cost information, revised assumptions, and feedback received from additional reviews.

D. E. Shropshire

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Blueprint for Improving Energy Efficiency in India  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Blueprint for Improving Energy Efficiency in India Blueprint for Improving Energy Efficiency in India Speaker(s): V. Raghuraman Date: June 16, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-4133 Indian economic growth is averaging 8%, and is projected to reach double-digit growth rates. The Indian energy requirements are likely to grow at 6% vis-a-vis the world growth rate of 2%. India has limited energy reserves, and seeks to increase its energy efficiency with contemporary technologies. The higher economic growth has been achieved with limited electricity supply implying higher productivity, which needs to be investigated carefully. The country seeks carbon finance through CDM projects. It has launched an Energy Dialogue in close collaboration with the US DOE and is participating in the Asia Pacific Partnership (APP) with

360

The Economics of Computer Hacking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper considers various classes of computer hackers, with a special emphasis on fame-driven versus profit-driven hackers. We use simple economic analysis to examine how each of these hacking markets work. The resulting framework is employed to evaluate current U.S. policy aimed at reducing the threat of computer hacking and shows that this policy is largely effective. We consider policy adjustments consistent with the insights of the framework provided as a means of strengthening cyber security. * We thank Peter Boettke, Tony Carilli and Tyler Cowen for helpful comments and suggestions. The financial support of the Critical Infrastructure Project, the Earhart Foundation and the Oloffson Weaver Fellowship is also gratefully acknowledged. 1

Peter T. Leeson; Christopher J. Coyne

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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361

Economic effects of peak oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assuming that global oil production peaked, this paper uses scenario analysis to show the economic effects of a possible supply shortage and corresponding rise in oil prices in the next decade on different sectors in Germany and other major economies such as the US, Japan, China, the OPEC or Russia. Due to the price-inelasticity of oil demand the supply shortage leads to a sharp increase in oil prices in the second scenario, with high effects on GDP comparable to the magnitude of the global financial crises in 2008/09. Oil exporting countries benefit from high oil prices, whereas oil importing countries are negatively affected. Generally, the effects in the third scenario are significantly smaller than in the second, showing that energy efficiency measures and the switch to renewable energy sources decreases the countries' dependence on oil imports and hence reduces their vulnerability to oil price shocks on the world market.

Christian Lutz; Ulrike Lehr; Kirsten S. Wiebe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

PERI Green Economics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PERI Green Economics PERI Green Economics Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: PERI Green Economics Agency/Company /Organization: Political Economy Research Institute Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Buildings Phase: Create a Vision, "Evaluate Options and Determine Feasibility" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property., Prepare a Plan Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices User Interface: Website Website: www.peri.umass.edu/green_economics0/

363

Economic Development Incentive Program (Massachusetts) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Economic Development Incentive Program (Massachusetts) Economic Development Incentive Program (Massachusetts) Economic Development Incentive Program (Massachusetts) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Transportation Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Office of Business Development The Economic Development Incentive Program (EDIP) is a tax incentive program designed to foster job creation and stimulate business growth throughout the Commonwealth. Participating companies may receive state and

364

Economic Impact & Diversity (WCF) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

in the future. Economic Impact & Diversity Responsible Contacts Thomas Wheeler Director, Workforce Analysis & Planning Division E-mail thomas.wheeler@hq.doe.gov Phone (202)...

365

PNNL-23925 Economic Impact of Pacific Northwest  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Washington State 1.21 billion total economic output supported by PNNL- related health care, spinoff companies, visitors, and retirees in Washington State 459 million in...

366

Economic Considerations of Biomass Conversion Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Earlier chapters have described various biomass conversion processes and processing procedures. This chapter provides a systematic method of estimating biomass process economics and determining the revenue requir...

Fred A. Schooley

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Uncertainty analysis of geothermal energy economics.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This dissertation research endeavors to explore geothermal energy economics by assessing and quantifying the uncertainties associated with the nature of geothermal energy and energy (more)

Sener, Adil Caner

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

UCSD Biomass to Power Economic Feasibility Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biofuels,LLC UCSDBiomasstoPower EconomicFeasibilityFigure1:WestBiofuelsBiomassGasificationtoPowerrates... 31 UCSDBiomasstoPower?Feasibility

Cattolica, Robert

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

DSI Economic Study (contracts/rd)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Economic Study (updated September 8, 2006) This web page provides information related to BPA's process to study the positive and negative impacts to Pacific Northwest jobs and the...

370

Economic Impacts and Business Opportunities | NREL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Economic Impacts and Business Opportunities NREL contributes to the local and national economy in various ways. We are one of the largest employers in Jefferson County, Colorado,...

371

Virginia Economic Development Incentive Grant (Virginia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Virginia Economic Development Incentive Grant is a discretionary cash grant, designed to assist and encourage companies to invest and create new employment opportunities by locating significant...

372

"Conflict Between Economic Growth and Environmental Protection...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9, 2012, 4:15pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium "Conflict Between Economic Growth and Environmental Protection", Dr. Bryan Czech, resident, Center for the Advancement of the Steady State...

373

NREL: Energy Systems Integration - Economic and Environmental...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ongoing. Users can access DER-CAM through the Internet to gain broad access to the DER optimization platform. Other versions provide the ability to determine economically- or...

374

WINDExchange: Wind Economic Development Resources and Tools  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

page lists wind-related economic development resources and tools such as publications, Web resources, and news. Search the WINDExchange Database Choose a Type of Information All...

375

Discussion Paper Series Department of Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Applied Economics, University of Hyogo, Kobe, Hyogo, 651-2197, Japan (email: mikami the quality, in particular safety, of food and household goods [Mikami (2007)]. However, activities

Royal Holloway, University of London

376

Climate Policy: Science, Economics, and Extremes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C. Herring, 2013. Explaining extreme events of 2012 from a2010. Fat tails, exponents, extreme uncertainty: SimulatingScience, Economics, and Extremes Anthony C. Fisher and Phu

Fisher, A. C; Le, P. V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Advanced Fuel Cycle Economic Tools, Algorithms, and Methodologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) Systems Analysis supports engineering economic analyses and trade-studies, and requires a requisite reference cost basis to support adequate analysis rigor. In this regard, the AFCI program has created a reference set of economic documentation. The documentation consists of the Advanced Fuel Cycle (AFC) Cost Basis report (Shropshire, et al. 2007), AFCI Economic Analysis report, and the AFCI Economic Tools, Algorithms, and Methodologies Report. Together, these documents provide the reference cost basis, cost modeling basis, and methodologies needed to support AFCI economic analysis. The application of the reference cost data in the cost and econometric systems analysis models will be supported by this report. These methodologies include: the energy/environment/economic evaluation of nuclear technology penetration in the energy marketdomestic and internationallyand impacts on AFCI facility deployment, uranium resource modeling to inform the front-end fuel cycle costs, facility first-of-a-kind to nth-of-a-kind learning with application to deployment of AFCI facilities, cost tradeoffs to meet nuclear non-proliferation requirements, and international nuclear facility supply/demand analysis. The economic analysis will be performed using two cost models. VISION.ECON will be used to evaluate and compare costs under dynamic conditions, consistent with the cases and analysis performed by the AFCI Systems Analysis team. Generation IV Excel Calculations of Nuclear Systems (G4-ECONS) will provide static (snapshot-in-time) cost analysis and will provide a check on the dynamic results. In future analysis, additional AFCI measures may be developed to show the value of AFCI in closing the fuel cycle. Comparisons can show AFCI in terms of reduced global proliferation (e.g., reduction in enrichment), greater sustainability through preservation of a natural resource (e.g., reduction in uranium ore depletion), value from weaning the U.S. from energy imports (e.g., measures of energy self-sufficiency), and minimization of future high level waste (HLW) repositories world-wide.

David E. Shropshire

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Composite coatings improve engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

About 40% of the power loss in engine systems is attributed to the adverse effects of friction in reciprocating engine components. Over half of this power loss is caused by friction between pistons, piston rings, and cylinder bores. In addition, engine parts may be attacked by corrosive gasoline substitutes such as liquid propane gas and alcohol/gasoline mixtures. To solve both friction and corrosion problems, Nihon Parkerizing Co. has improved the nickel-phosphorus based ceramic composite (NCC) plating technology that was developed for cylinder bores and pistons by Suzuki Motor Co. in the mid 1970s. Iron and nickel-based composite plating technologies have been investigated since the early 1970s, and a few have been used on small two-stroke motorcycle, outboard marine, snowmobile, and some luxury passenger car engine components. Both nickel- and iron-base plating processes are used on cylinders and pistons because they offer excellent wear and corrosion resistance. Nickel-base films have higher corrosion resistance than those based on iron, and are capable of withstanding the corrosive conditions characteristic of high methanol fuels. Unfortunately, they experience a decrease in hardness as operating temperatures increase. However, NCC coatings with phosphorus additions have high hardness even under severe operating conditions, and hardness increases upon exposure to elevated temperatures. In addition to high hardness and corrosion resistance, NCC coatings provide a low friction coefficient, which contributes to the reduction of friction losses between sliding components. When used in low-quality or alcohol fuels, the corrosion resistance of NCC coatings is far higher than that of Fe-P plating. Additionally, the coatings reduce wall and piston temperature, wear of ring groove and skirt, and carbon deposit formation, and they improve output power and torque. These advantages all contribute to the development of light and efficient engines with better fuel mileage.

Funatani, K.; Kurosawa, K. (Nihon Parkerizing Co. Ltd., Nagoya (Japan))

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Abstract C83: Health status and chronic conditions of biracial Asians in California 2001-2009  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...AACR Conference: The Science of Cancer Health Disparities; December 6-9, 2013; Atlanta, GA Abstract C83: Health status and chronic conditions of biracial...cultural milieu and engender shifts in health, economic, social, and political landscapes...

Anh B. Nguyen; Nancy Breen; Trenette T. Clark; Richard Moser

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Intelligent Economic Alarm Processor (IEAP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

): ?The 21st Substation Design?, and ??Verifying Interoperability and Application Performance of PMUs and PMU-enabled IEDs at the Device and System Level?. The fourth one is funded by Advanced Research Agency- Energy (ARPA-E) through Green Electricity... .......................................................................................................... 52? 4. USE OF SUBSTATION IED DATA TO IMPROVE ALARM PROCESSING ........ 53? 4.1? Introduction ...................................................................................................... 53? 4.2? Substation IED Data...

Guan, Yufan

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Borders as membranes :metaphors and models for improved policy in border regions.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Political borders are controversial and contested spaces. In an attempt to better understand movement along and through political borders, this project applied the metaphor of a membrane to look at how people, ideas, and things ''move'' through a border. More specifically, the research team employed this metaphor in a system dynamics framework to construct a computer model to assess legal and illegal migration on the US-Mexico border. Employing a metaphor can be helpful, as it was in this project, to gain different perspectives on a complex system. In addition to the metaphor, the multidisciplinary team utilized an array of methods to gather data including traditional literature searches, an experts workshop, a focus group, interviews, and culling expertise from the individuals on the research team. Results from the qualitative efforts revealed strong social as well as economic drivers that motivate individuals to cross the border legally. Based on the information gathered, the team concluded that legal migration dynamics were of a scope we did not want to consider hence, available demographic models sufficiently capture migration at the local level. Results from both the quantitative and qualitative data searches were used to modify a 1977 border model to demonstrate the dynamic nature of illegal migration. Model runs reveal that current US-policies based on neo-classic economic theory have proven ineffective in curbing illegal migration, and that proposed enforcement policies are also likely to be ineffective. We suggest, based on model results, that improvement in economic conditions within Mexico may have the biggest impact on illegal migration to the U.S. The modeling also supports the views expressed in the current literature suggesting that demographic and economic changes within Mexico are likely to slow illegal migration by 2060 with no special interventions made by either government.

Malczynski, Leonard A.; Passell, Howard David; Forster, Craig B. (University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT); Cockerill, Kristan (Cockerill Consulting, Boone, NC)

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Economic Effect of Energy Price and Economic Feasibility and Potenhal of New Technology and Improved Management for Irrigation in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

changes, tenure and new technology. The model includes a Fortran sub-routine that adjusts irrigation factors each year based on the linear programming solution of the previous year. After calculating new pumping energy requirements, well yield, and pumping...

Lacewell, Ronald D.; Hardin, D. C.; Petty, J. A.; Whitson, R. E.

383

Terms and Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Terms and Conditions Terms and Conditions Terms and Conditions As a premier national research and development laboratory, LANL seeks to do business with qualified companies that offer value and high quality products and services. Contact Small Business Office (505) 667-4419 Email Use information below as guideline to doing business An "Appendix SFA-1" contains FAR and DEAR Clauses that are incorporated by reference into a particular subcontract. "Exhibit A General Conditions" are the general terms and conditions applicable to a particular subcontract. Note: The contents of the SFA-1 and Exhibit A (below) are not the only terms and conditions that will be in a LANS subcontract but represent the terms that generally do not change in a particular type of procurement. The

384

The Community Perspective ofThe Community Perspective of Economic Sustainability andEconomic Sustainability and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Community Perspective ofThe Community Perspective of Economic Sustainability andEconomic Sustainability and EcologicalEcological CompatibilityCompatibility Where is the Room to Move?Where is the Room Economic options Sustainability & livability Biological-physical Health Native species/communities Species

385

Energy/Environment/Economics (E3 Energy/Environment/Economics (E3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and Aerospace Engineering 268 IIT Graduate Bulletin 2012-2014 #12;Energy/Environment/Economics (E3 ) AdmissionEnergy/Environment/Economics (E3 ) Energy/Environment/Economics (E3 ) Faculty Directors Chemical and Environmental Engineering Javad Abbasian 127 Perlstein Hall 10 W. 33rd St. Chicago, IL 60616 312

Heller, Barbara

386

Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth Report Title: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth Report Title: Coal Production@nmsu.edu #12;Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth i Disclaimer This report States Government or any agency thereof. #12;Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic

Johnson, Eric E.

387

[Email response for project 35057 -Habitat Condition and Restoration Potential of Columbia River Flood Plains: A Critical, Missing Element of Fisheries Recovery Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Response: We agree that social and economic considerations should be part of our prioritization process a need for a social/economic analysis of options on flood plains being considered for restoration riparian habitat condition) but will now also include analysis of social and economic constraints

388

Terms and Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Testbed Results Current Testbed Research Proposal Process Terms and Conditions Dark Fiber Testbed Performance (perfSONAR) Software & Tools Development Partnerships...

389

Running Boundary Condition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we argue that boundary condition may run with energy scale. As an illustrative example, we consider one-dimensional quantum mechanics for a spinless particle that freely propagates in the bulk yet interacts only at the origin. In this setting we find the renormalization group flow of U(2) family of boundary conditions exactly. We show that the well-known scale-independent subfamily of boundary conditions are realized as fixed points. We also discuss the duality between two distinct boundary conditions from the renormalization group point of view. Generalizations to conformal mechanics and quantum graph are also discussed.

Ohya, Satoshi; Tachibana, Motoi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Running Boundary Condition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we argue that boundary condition may run with energy scale. As an illustrative example, we consider one-dimensional quantum mechanics for a spinless particle that freely propagates in the bulk yet interacts only at the origin. In this setting we find the renormalization group flow of U(2) family of boundary conditions exactly. We show that the well-known scale-independent subfamily of boundary conditions are realized as fixed points. We also discuss the duality between two distinct boundary conditions from the renormalization group point of view. Generalizations to conformal mechanics and quantum graph are also discussed.

Satoshi Ohya; Makoto Sakamoto; Motoi Tachibana

2010-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

391

ATOM-ECONOMICAL PATHWAYS TO METHANOL FUEL CELL FROM BIOMASS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An economical production of alcohol fuels from biomass, a feedstock low in carbon and high in water content, is of interest. At Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), a Liquid Phase Low Temperature (LPLT) concept is under development to improve the economics by maximizing the conversion of energy carrier atoms (C,H) into energy liquids (fuel). So far, the LPLT concept has been successfully applied to obtain highly efficient methanol synthesis. This synthesis was achieved with specifically designed soluble catalysts, at temperatures < 150 C. A subsequent study at BNL yielded a water-gas-shift (WGS) catalyst for the production of hydrogen from a feedstock of carbon monoxide and H{sub 2}O at temperatures < 120 C. With these LPLT technologies as a background, this paper extends the discussion of the LPLT concept to include methanol decomposition into 3 moles of H{sub 2} per mole of methanol. The implication of these technologies for the atom-economical pathways to methanol fuel cell from biomass is discussed.

MAHAJAN,D.; WEGRZYN,J.E.

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Improving the Boeing Quick Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving the Boeing Quick Reference Handbook Barbara E. Holder Aviation System Safety Boeing they know? Crew opens the QRH #12;Checklist verification #12;Attempt to restore power by following these steps #12;Condition 1 Are there more? It says "continued" Power was not restored #12;Condition 2

393

January 2007 Economic Impact of ATP's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

January 2007 Economic Impact of ATP's Contributions to DNA Diagnostics Technologies GCR 06 Alan O'Connor, Brent Rowe, Michael Gallaher Joel Sevinsky, and Dallas Wood #12;About ATP's Economic Assessment Office The Advanced Technology Program (ATP) is a partnership between government and private

394

Nuclear Power Trends Energy Economics and Sustainability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Power Trends Energy Economics and Sustainability L. H. Tsoukalas Purdue University Nuclear;National Research Council of Greece, May 8, 2008 Outline · The Problem · Nuclear Energy Trends · Energy Economics · Life Cycle Analysis · Nuclear Sustainability · Nuclear Energy in Greece? #12;National Research

395

October 10, 2006 Economic integration and political  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

October 10, 2006 Economic integration and political fragmentation Abstract The purpose and political fragmentation. This follows previous contributions from Alesina, Spolaore, and Wacziarg (2000 these authors by assuming that economic integra- tion and political fragmentation are both decided by a majority

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

396

Energy from Forest Biomass: Potential Economic Impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy from Forest Biomass: Potential Economic Impacts in Massachusetts Prepared for: Massachusetts Bioenergy Initiative, a multifaceted study of biomass energy potential in Massachusetts. The economic impact study looks specifically at impacts in the 5 western counties of the Commonwealth, where biomass energy

Schweik, Charles M.

397

A Global Assessment of Manufacturing: Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Global Assessment of Manufacturing: Economic Development, Energy Use, Carbon Emissions Keywords production, materials, closed loop, China, emerging economies Abstract We present in two parts an assessment of global manufacturing. In the first part, we review economic development, pollution, and carbon

Gutowski, Timothy

398

Real-coded ECGA for economic dispatch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a new approach that consists of the extended compact genetic algorithm (ECGA) and split-on-demand (SoD), an adaptive discretization technique, to economic dispatch (ED) problems with nonsmooth cost functions. ECGA is designed ... Keywords: ECGA, SoD, adaptive discretization, economic dispatch, genetic algorithm, split-on-demand, valve-point effect

Chao-Hong Chen; Ying-ping Chen

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Economics and Hawaii's Marine Fisheries Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics and Hawaii's Marine Fisheries Introduction Fishing and seafood consumption permeate society in Hawaii, although neither the total volume of seafood har vesting nor the market value of sea food is a particularly large share of the state's economic activity.! Seafood consumption

400

Fuel to Burn: Economics of Converting Forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel to Burn: Economics of Converting Forest Thinnings to Energy Using BioMax in Southern Oregon E a small-scale (100-kW) BioMax without a subsidy or tax credit, even if fuel were delivered to the plant; Christensen, Glenn. 2005. Fuel to burn: Economics of converting forest thinnings to energy using Bio

Fried, Jeremy S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

HEALTH ECONOMICS Health Econ. (in press)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

health services/economics; costs and cost analysis; health services/utilization; quality of health careHEALTH ECONOMICS Health Econ. (in press) Published online in Wiley InterScience (www and ROBERT BLACKb a Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School

Scharfstein, Daniel

402

Johns Hopkins University Center for Financial Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was changing the economic landscape, the Center for Financial Economics (CFE) brings a new perspective Hopkins University, the CFE's unique approach involves illuminating real-world financial decisions through at the Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, the world-class faculty of the CFE offers a noteworthy blend

Niebur, Ernst

403

World Economic Forum | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Economic Forum World Economic Forum Jump to: navigation, search Logo: The World Economic Forum (WEF) Name The World Economic Forum (WEF) Address World Economic Forum Switzerland 91-93 route de la Capite, CH-1223 Cologny/Geneva Switzerland Year founded 1971 Website http://www.weforum.org Coordinates 46.2169537°, 6.18583° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.2169537,"lon":6.18583,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

404

Chapter 31 - The Economics of Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recycling is generally considered an important strategy for alleviating the pressures of society on the environment while creating employment and attracting investments. In recent years, many countries have experienced large increases in recycling. This chapter aims to identify the main economic drivers of recycling, address the economic effects of recycling-related activities, and demonstrate the effectiveness of economic policies promoting recycling. The chapter demonstrates how recycling takes place in a volatile, dynamic, and globalizing world, which complicates the projections of future developments in the recycling sector. Moreover, the chapter describes which private and external costs of recycling-related activities need to be taken into account and how these effects can be valued in economic terms. Finally, the most important economic instruments to promote recycling are identified and explained.

Pieter van Beukering; Onno Kuik; Frans Oosterhuis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Economical standard quantum process tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, Bendersky \\emph{et al.} developed a method to complete the task of characterizing an arbitrary $\\chi$ matrix element in a scalable way, Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol. \\textbf{100}, 190403(2008), where an auxiliary system was needed. In present work, we shall show that the same task can also be completed within the scheme of standard quantum process tomography (SQPT) where there is no requirement for ancilla. Our method depends on two observations: With the elaborately chosen operators basis, the SQPT may have an economical form where a single run of experiment, in which we measure the expectation value of a chosen operator in the outport of the quantum channel with a known input, is sufficient to characterize a selected $\\chi$ matrix element; With the progress recently achieved in quantum entanglement detection, we also find that the number of the experimental settings to realize the experiment for the selected $\\chi$ matrix element does not exceed 2N for the N-qubits system. For practice, our scheme can be applied for the cases where the controlled two-body interaction is neither available nor desirable.

Xiaohua Wu; Ke Xu

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

406

When Does Aid Conditionality Work?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

institutions may tailor conditions for success because theytailor their conditions for success, and they are especially

Montinola, Gabriella R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Optimize water-treatment economics at your powerplant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes how power producers can minimize overall long-term cost by improving system chemistry. Power producers are well aware of the economic penalties they incur when a component failure causes a plant shutdown. One of the heaviest financial burdens is attributed to steam-cycle corrosion, which is said to account for about half of the forced outages experienced in the US electric-utility sector and about $3-billion annually in operating and maintenance costs. Attractive financial returns are possible by improving cycle chemistry, because of the high benefit-to-cost ratios obtainable--in some cases as high as 1000:1. Upgrading chemistry monitoring with a continuous sodium analyzer at a cost of a few thousand dollars is a classic example. Keeping track of a steady increase in that feedwater contaminant, with its potential for turbine and superheater caustic corrosion if unchecked, can eliminate millions of dollars in maintenance costs.

Strauss, S.D.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS 1 Economic Impact of Electricity Market Price  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS 1 Economic Impact of Electricity Market Price Forecasting Errors to forecast electricity market prices and improve forecast accuracy. However, no studies have been reported, the application of electricity market price forecasts to short-term operation scheduling of two typical

Cañizares, Claudio A.

409

Development and evaluation of optimization-based air economizer strategies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes two new strategies for controlling air economizers. The model-based control strategy uses a model to estimate the load on the cooling coil for 100% outdoor air and minimum outdoor air and transitions dampers between these two positions to minimize the load. The optimization-based control strategy uses a cooling coil model and a one-dimensional optimization routine to determine the fraction of outdoor air that minimizes the coil load. A coil model based on the contactmixture analogy was adopted for this study and validated with experimental data. Simulations were used to compare the new economizer control strategies with traditional strategies. Simulations evaluated the sensitivity of the annual and peak cooling loads to outdoor air and return air sensor errors and climatic conditions. Incorrect control decisions stemming from sensor errors reduce the achievable energy savings and lead to higher peak hourly loads. For a scenario representative of poorly maintained sensors, the lowest annual coil loads of the economizer strategies investigated are 3.040.3% higher than those achieved for the ideal scenario of optimization-based control and ideal sensors (i.e., no sensor errors), and the lowest peak hourly loads for those cases are 6.884.1% higher than those for the ideal scenario.

J.E. Seem; J.M. House

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

What economic support is needed for Arctic offshore wind power?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wind power is increasingly being installed in cold climates and in offshore locations. It is generally recognised that installing wind power to offshore locations is more expensive than onshore. The additional challenges from Arctic conditions with annual sea icing are still poorly known. We reviewed the existing knowledge of offshore wind power costs and developed a calculation model for the economics of offshore wind turbines in Finland, including taxes and sea base rent, to obtain a base case for determining the required tariff support. The model was tested with different production and cost rates to obtain a tariff price, which would make offshore wind power on Finnish territory economically viable for the producer. The main developers of planned offshore projects in Finland were interviewed to obtain a comparison between the created model and industry expectations. The cost of erected turbines was estimated to be 2750/kW. With this cost of capacity, it was clear that a higher than the current tariff price (83.5/MWh) will be required for offshore developments. Our analysis indicated a price level of about 115/MWh to be required. We found that even rather small changes in cost or production rates may lead to excess profits or economic losses and further research and pilot projects are required to define a more reliable tariff level.

Olli Salo; Sanna Syri

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Simplified Space Conditioning  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Simplified Space Conditioning Simplified Space Conditioning Duncan Prahl, RA IBACOS, Inc. Building America Technical Update April 29, 2013 Simplified Space Conditioning Rethinking HVAC Design * Traditional Method - Assume envelope losses dictate the load - Room by room load analysis - Pick Equipment and distribute to meet the load in each room * New Method - Consider how the occupants live in the building - Seriously consider internal gains in both heating and cooling - Consider ventilation strategy - Design system Simplified Space Conditioning If you are: * A production builder * Participating in "above code" programs * Following ACCA Manual RS or ASHRAE 55 * Need to prove "delivering heat to each habitable room" * Concerned about litigation * Play it safe, Use Manual J, S & D and condition every

412

Two Essays in Labor Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the youth cohort size across so many years. However, the baby boom is a not a historical normality. The estimates obtained from the conditional model in a certain time period, by controlling for the year effects, does not provide much predicting power... from migration for the wife and husband are perfectly correlated - meaning, when each receives a positive gain, and vice versa - then marital status does not affect the migration decision at all. If the correla- tion between the two individual gains...

Zhu, Siyi 1983-

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

413

An ammonia refrigerator with an absorption circuit as economizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The experimental results of a compression refrigerator with an integrated solution circuit, a so-called compression-absorption cycle, are presented. The compression refrigerator operates with ammonia (NH3) as refrigerant. The cycle is improved by two-stage throttling of the condensate and an absorption circuit which replaces the economizer compressor. The absorption circuit operates on the working pair ammonia/water (NH3/H2O). It is driven by superheat of the compressor without additional heat input from an external source. By this means the benefit of two-stage throttling, namely a reduction in compression work or an increase in refrigeration capacity, can be doubled. In the experiments an improvement of up to 9% in the efficiency of the NH3-refrigeration cycle has been attained. Compared to a simple compression refrigerator, the presented compression-absorption cycle has a payback time of only several months. Compared to a conventional economizer refrigeration cycle, the payback can be expected within the range of several months to about four years.

F Ziegler; U Spindler

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Y. Hossein Farzin Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and energy economics: Sustainable soil management, nonrenewable resources and conservation: energy demand, CA 95616, U.S.A. Email: Farzin@primal.ucdavis.edu EDUCATION D.Phil. in Economics, Oxford University Economics, The Environment and Economic Development, Economics of Energy and Environment, Advanced

California at Davis, University of

415

Economic Impact of West Virginia Higher Education Institutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Impact of West Virginia Higher Education Institutions FY 2008 By Amy Higginbotham Eric Pennington Christiadi Tom S. Witt Bureau of Business and Economic Research College of Business and Economics ­ the economic impact of their expenditures on the West Virginia economy. The economic impacts presented

Mohaghegh, Shahab

416

Resource allocation and project selection: Control of r & d under dynamic process of data improvement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the problem of optimal control of R&D. The fundamental aspects of this problem are ... in this technology as well as improve economic data; allocation of investments among rival projects und...

V. Z. Belenky; A. M. Belostotsky

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Is Economics right for me? Economics is a social science which incorporates Mathematics and Statistics but also  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics Is Economics right for me? Economics is a social science which incorporates Mathematics-being, as well as political and financial decisions, then Economics is an excellent choice. You will need good in order to get the best out of this degree. Economics graduates are extremely employable and the skills

Harman, Neal.A.

418

Petrographic characterization of economizer fly ash  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Policies for reducing NOx emissions have led power plants to restrict O{sub 2}, resulting in high-carbon fly ash production. Therefore, some potentially useful fly ash, such as the economizer fly ash, is discarded without a thorough knowledge of its composition. In order to characterize this type of fly ash, samples were collected from the economizer Portuguese power plant burning two low-sulfur bituminous coals. Characterization was also performed on economizer fly ash subsamples after wet sieving, density and magnetic separation. Analysis included atomic absorption spectroscopy, loss-on-ignition, scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, optical microscopy, and micro-Raman spectroscopy.

Valentim, B.; Hower, J.C.; Soares, S.; Guedes, A.; Garcia, C.; Flores, D.; Oliveira, A. [University of Porto, Oporto (Portugal). Center of Geology

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

Dan Miller Associate, Industrial and Economic Development  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Name, Phone, e-mail address Name, Phone, e-mail address Dan Miller Associate, Industrial and Economic Development Dan Miller joined Oak Ridge National Laboratory in January, 2010 as an Associate in Industrial Partnerships and Economic Development. His responsibilities include leading and supporting initiatives in the energy storage portfolio focused on technology commercialization, economic development, and industrial partnerships. He also manages ORNL's relationships with companies involved in the Oak Ridge Science & Technology Park and is actively recruiting additional companies to locate there. Prior to joining ORNL, Dan was a Licensing Associate in Rice University Office of Technology Transfer, where he managed the patent portfolio of the university's physical science technologies.

420

ARM - Measurement - Surface condition  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

condition condition ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Surface condition State of the surface, including vegetation, land use, surface type, roughness, and such; often provided in model output. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments NAV : Navigational Location and Attitude SURFLOG : SGP Surface Conditions Observations by Site Technicians S-TABLE : Stabilized Platform MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation

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421

Terms and Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Terms and Conditions Terms and Conditions R&D Overview 100G Testbed Testbed Description Testbed Results Current Testbed Research Proposal Process Terms and Conditions Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) Performance (perfSONAR) Tools Development Green Networking Authentication & Trust Federation (ATF) Partnerships Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Terms and Conditions Researchers must provide ESnet copies of any articles, presentations, and publications based on testbed research for posting on the ESnet Testbed web site. All publications based on work conducted on the testbed must include the following statement:

422

Economics of Online Structural Health Monitoring of Wind Turbines: Cost Benefit Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics of Online Structural Health Monitoring of Wind Turbines: Cost Benefit Analysis Jeremy Van monitoring (OSHM) and condition-based maintenance (CBM) of wind turbine blades has the potential to reduce O cost of energy (LCOE) [1]. The costs required to keep wind turbines working in extreme temperatures

McCalley, James D.

423

Ecological and Economical efficient Heating and Cooling by innovative Gas Motor Heat Pump Systems and Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Ecological and Economical efficient Heating and Cooling by innovative Gas Motor Heat Pump use of buildings Gas Heat Pump Solution #12;Gas Heat Pump - deserves special attention due to its source in addition to the outside air ·A further essential component of Gas Heat Pump air conditioning

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

424

Extremum seeking control for efficient and reliable operation of air-side economizers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economizers have been recognized as a class of energy-saving devices for heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems that may increase the energy efficiency by taking advantage of outdoor air during cool or cold weather. There has been a ...

Pengfei Li; Yaoyu Li; John E. Seem

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Part_3_Minority_Economic_Impact.pdf | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Part3MinorityEconomicImpact.pdf Part3MinorityEconomicImpact.pdf Part3MinorityEconomicImpact.pdf More Documents & Publications Declaration Of Trust Founding Legislation...

426

The Economic Impact of Secondhand Smoke in Maryland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TheEconomicImpactofSecondhandSmokeinMaryland ReportTobaccoandchildren:aneconomicevaluationofthemedicalHolloway(2002). The EconomicImpactofSecondhandSmoke

Hugh Waters

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

The Economic Value of Marriage for Same-Sex Couples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10/21/2010 11:26 AM THE ECONOMIC VALUE OF MARRIAGE FOR SAME-1081 II. The Economic Value of Marriage: The Practicalissues usefully tap into economic research and reasoning.

Badgett, M.V. Lee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

An Economic Theory of the Regulation of Preliminary Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 5689,n 58, pp. 109-166 (2001). Economic Theory of Regulation ofNational Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper n

Ramos Romeu, Francisco

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Economic impact of tax-based federal student aid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper, No.Effect, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9: 217-226.36 no.8. May 23, 2005. The Economic Performance of the New

Turner, Nicholas Peter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

OECD Economic Studies No. 33, 2001/II OECD 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OECD Economic Studies No. 33, 2001/II 9 © OECD 2001 THE DRIVING FORCES OF ECONOMIC GROWTH: PANEL ................................................................................................................................. 10 The determinants of economic growth...................................................................................... 24 The role of convergence and capital accumulation in the growth process...................... 26

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

431

Energy Implications of Economizer Use in California Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for air-side and water-side economizer use in data centersof air-side economizers. Introduction Data centers arebenefits of air-side economizers. As the data center economy

Shehabi, Arman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

The Economic Impact of Aurora Health Care in Wisconsin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economic Impact of Aurora Health Care By The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Center for Economic Development June 2013 Health Care by the University of Wisconsin- Milwaukee Center for Economic Development

Saldin, Dilano

433

ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF A WIDE AREA RELEASE OF ANTHRAX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF A WIDE AREA RELEASE OF ANTHRAX May 2009 Prepared Regional Technology Center for Homeland Security Economic Impacts of a Wide Area Release of Anthrax KS .................................................................................................................................................. 1 Categories of Economic Impacts

434

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS OF FOREST-DEPENDENT COMMUNITIES: ANALYZING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS OF FOREST-DEPENDENT COMMUNITIES: ANALYZING TRADE-OFFS USING of wood fiber for community stability, and financial returns for economic diversification. We address weighting of objectives. Economic development outcomes obtained using compromise and fuzzy programming

435

Consider Installing a Condensing Economizer | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

a Condensing Economizer Consider Installing a Condensing Economizer This tip sheet summarizes the benefits of condensing economizers and is part of a series of tip sheets on how to...

436

Economics and Decision-Making for Climate Change and Sustainability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics and Decision-Making for Climate Change and Sustainability Subtitle: Climate Change is an Economic Problem� source and solutions lie in realm of social science Susan M. Capalbo Professor and Head, Applied Economics (formerly

Schmittner, Andreas

437

Intensity targets: implications for the economic uncertainties of emissions trading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intensity targets that adjust to economic growth are discussed as one option to control greenhouse gas emissions without strongly affecting economic growth and with less uncertain economic cost than absolute t...

Sonja Peterson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

IPR Conditions, 25 January 2006 1 Intellectual Property Rights Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPR Conditions, 25 January 2006 1 Intellectual Property Rights Conditions for Collaborative Research Projects (IPR Conditions) I. GENERAL PRINCIPLES These rules should promote the protection guarantee the protection of the participants' intellectual assets. These IPR Conditions establish rules

De Cindio, Fiorella

439

Environmental Quality Improvement Act of 1970  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 1970* QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 1970* SHORT TITLE This title may be cited as the "Environmental Quality Improvement Act of 1970" Sec. 4371. Congressional findings, declarations, and purposes (a) The Congress finds - (1) that man has caused changes in the environment; (2) that many of these changes may affect the relationship between man and his environment; and (3) that population increases and urban concentration contribute directly to pollution and the degradation of our environment. (b)(1)The Congress declares that there is a national policy for the environment which provides for the enhancement of environmental quality. This policy is evidenced by statutes heretofore enacted relating to the prevention, abatement, and control of environmental pollution, water and land resources, transportation, and economic and

440

Protecting the Investment in Heat Recovery with Boiler Economizers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

voice concern over the long term security of an investment in flue gas heat recovery equipment. The concern generally involves the ability of an economizer or air heater to continue to perform efficiently without corrosion. The recognized economic..., temperatures of the flue gas and water, and the potential for corrosion. This paper will discuss the economic and practical considerations of an economizer installation. WHY INSTALL AN ECONOMIZER? An economizer is reckoned to be a financial ad vantage...

Roethe, L. A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

CERAMIC MEMBRANE ENABLING TECHNOLGOY FOR IMPROVED IGCC EFFICIENCY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly technical progress report will summarize work accomplished for Phase 2 Program during the quarter April to June 2003. In task 1 OTM development has led to improved flux and strength performance. In task 2, robust PSO1d elements have been fabricated for testing in the pilot reactor. In task 3, the lab-scale pilot reactor has been operated for 1000 hours with improved success. In task 7, economic models substantial benefit of OTM IGCC over CRYO based oxygen production.

Ravi Prasad

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Community Economic Analysis Guide | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Economic Analysis Guide Community Economic Analysis Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Community Economic Analysis How-to manual Agency/Company /Organization: R. Hustedde, R. Shaffer, G. Pulver Phase: Create a Vision, Determine Baseline User Interface: Website Website: www.epa.gov/greenkit/pdfs/howto.pdf 100 page manual on how to analyze a community's economy. Useful for those not interested in building a detailed model. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Community_Economic_Analysis_Guide&oldid=332592" Categories: Tools Community Energy Tools What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services OpenEI partners with a broad range of international organizations to grow

443

Economizers; a Field Perspective and Case Studies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Economizers; a Field Perspective and Case Studies Economizers; a Field Perspective and Case Studies Speaker(s): David Sellers Date: January 18, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Liping Wang Economizers are a common HVAC process with the potential to deliver significant energy savings by using outdoor air cooling to offset internal loads. But evidence from the field suggests that their track record is not good in terms of delivering those savings. This talk will provide a field perspective on some of the issues behind the poor track record, frequently illustrated with mini-case studies, and will conclude with a case study of a dysfunctional economizer in a cold environment and how the problem it was having was corrected by applying some of the concepts discussed earlier in the talk

444

EIA - AEO2010 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Trends in Economic Activity Real gross domestic product returns to its pre-recession level by 2011 AEO2010 presents three views of economic growth (Figure 31). The rate of growth in real GDP depends on assumptions about labor force growth and productivity. In the Reference case, growth in real GDP averages 2.4 percent per year. Figure 31. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labot force, and productivity in three cases, 2008-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 32. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates in three cases, 2008-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 33. Sectoral composition of industrial output growth rates in three cases, 2008-2035

445

Economic Removal of Nitrogen from LNG  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, economic factors have made transportation of natural gas in the form of LNG increasingly attractive. Shipping costs and heating value ... control necessitate specifications limiting the nitrogen ...

J-P. G. Jacks; J. C. McMillan

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Economics and policies in nuclear waste disposal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The controversy over the comparative merits of nuclear energy and fossil fuels has been raging ... important economic, environmental and ethical dimensions puzzling policy-makers as well as the general public...

E. Kula

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Essays on international economics and labor markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis consists of three separate essays related to international economics and labor markets. The first essay, with Francisco Gallego, looks at sudden stops, a main feature of developing countries in the last decades, ...

Tessada, Jos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

2014 Offshore Wind Market and Economic Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Assessment of the 2014 U.S. wind market, including analysis of developments in wind technology, changes in policy, and effect on economic impact, regional development, and job creation.

449

Economic Aspects of Village Health [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...undermining of health. Land reform therefore becomes...precondition of health promotion. Economic...quality of medical care in most villages...health. Land reform therefore becomes...precondition of health promotion...Primary Health Care standards Rural...

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Essays in labor and health economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of three essays in empirical labor and health economics. The first chapter examines how the amount of time devoted to a leisure activity varies in response to temporary changes in the price of ...

Watts, Timothy M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

QUARTERLY ECONOMIC COMMENTARY Vol 31 No 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to positive growth during the last three months of 2006. Real estate and business services provided the main What the Council of Economic Advisors need to know about sustainable development Evan Williams, Eric Mc

Mottram, Nigel

452

Village Economic Accounts: Real and Financial Intertwined  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a framework to create village economic and balance of payments accounts from a micro-level household survey. Using the Townsend Thai data, we create the accounts for villages in rural and semi-urban areas of ...

Townsend, Robert

453

Three Essays on Energy Economics and Forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation contains three independent essays relating energy economics. The first essay investigates price asymmetry of diesel in South Korea by using the error correction model. Analyzing weekly market prices in the pass-through of crude oil...

Shin, Yoon Sung

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

454

The Economic Benefits of Recycling in Virginia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economic Benefits of Recycling in Virginia Alexander P. Miller Hang T. Nguyen Samantha D, and the recycling contacts from the participating Solid Waste Planning Units discussed in this study. #12;3 Table Determinants of Recycling_______________________________ 12 State Reports

Lewis, Robert Michael

455

UCSD Biomass to Power Economic Feasibility Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

atthebottomoftheGasifier_Economicstab. Finally,toasadirectlyheatedgasifier. Controlofthe movementinadirectlyheatedgasifiercanbeproblematic. In

Cattolica, Robert

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

An energy-economic oil production model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......for more advanced energy-economic models...efficient (less energy intensive) than...hand, Germany's GDP per capita is much larger than...assumption that 100% of energy supply stems from oil. When oil demand is inelastic, this......

Peter Berg; Paul Hanz; Ian Milton

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Is Your Community Ready for Economic Development?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A critical step in initiating or facilitating an effective economic development project is to determine if the community is actually prepared to take on such a difficult task. This publication can help community leaders determine how "prepared a...

Saldana, Luis

2003-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

458

HVAC Energy Recovery Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENRECO has prepared this paper on HVAC energy recovery to provide the engineer with an overview of the design engineering as well as the economic analysis considerations necessary to evaluate the potential benefits of energy recovery....

Kinnier, R. J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Techno-Economics & Life Cycle Assessment (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation provides an overview of the techno-economic analysis (TEA) and life cycle assessment (LCA) capabilities at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and describes the value of working with NREL on TEA and LCA.

Dutta, A.; Davis, R.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Director, Division of Economic and Technical Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Commission is seeking a highly qualified individual to provide leadership as the Director, Division of Economic and Technical Analysis within the Office of Energy Policy and Innovation. In this...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

An Economic Perspective on Hydrogen Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The economics for producing various transportable energy forms from domestic resources are reviewed and compared in order to place the prospects for hydrogen fuel in better perspective. From the published data...

John E. Johnson

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Economic Analysis of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Powder River Basin Coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Unminable coalbeds are potentially large storage reservoirs for the sequestration of anthropogenic CO2 and offer the benefit of enhanced methane production, which can offset some of the costs associated with CO2 sequestration. The objective of this paper is to study the economic feasibility of CO2 sequestration in unminable coal seams in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming. Economic analyses of CO2 injection options are compared. Results show that injecting flue gas to recover methane from CBM fields is marginally economical; however, this method will not significantly contribute to the need to sequester large quantities of CO2. Separating CO2 from flue gas and injecting it into the unminable coal zones of the Powder River Basin seam is currently uneconomical, but can effectively sequester over 86,000 tons (78,200 tonne) of CO2 per acre while recovering methane to offset costs. The cost to separate CO2 from flue gas was identified as the major cost driver associated with CO2 sequestration in unminable coal seams. Improvements in separations technology alone are unlikely to drive costs low enough for CO2 sequestration in unminable coal seams in the Powder River Basin to become economically viable. Breakthroughs in separations technology could aid the economics, but in the Powder River Basin they cannot achieve the necessary cost reductions for breakeven economics without incentives.

Eric P. Robertson

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

CERAMIC MEMBRANE ENABLING TECHNOLOGY FOR IMPROVED IGCC EFFICIENCY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this program is to conduct a technology development program to advance the state-of-the-art in ceramic Oxygen Transport Membranes (OTM) to the level required to produce step change improvements in process economics, efficiency, and environmental benefits for commercial IGCC systems and other applications. The IGCC program is focused on addressing key issues in materials, processing, manufacturing, engineering and system development that will make the OTM a commercial reality. The objective of the OTM materials development task is to identify a suitable material that can be formed into a thin film to produce the target oxygen flux. This requires that the material have an adequate permeation rate, and thermo-mechanical and thermo-chemical properties such that the material is able to be supported on the desired substrate and sufficient mechanical strength to survive the stresses involved in operation. The objective of the composite OTM development task is to develop the architecture and fabrication techniques necessary to construct stable, high performance, thin film OTMs supported on suitable porous, load bearing substrates. The objective of the process development task of this program to demonstrate the program objectives on a single OTM tube under test conditions simulating those of the optimum process cycle for the power plant.

Ravi Prasad

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Journal of Energy Economics and Policy Journal of Energy Economics and Policy Vol. 3, No. 1, 2013, pp.60-74 ISSN: 2146-4553 www.econjournals.com 60 Carbon Emissions Caps and the Impact of a Radical Change in Nuclear Electricity Costs Benjamin D. Leibowicz Management Science and Engineering Department, Stanford University, United States. Email: bleibowicz@stanford.edu Maria Roumpani Management Science and Engineering Department,

465

Wind Energy and Economic Development in Nebraska  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet summarizes a recent report by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Economic Development Benefits from Wind Power in Nebraska: A Report for the Nebraska Energy Office, which focuses on the estimated economic development impacts in Nebraska from development and operation of wind power in the state as envisioned in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) report, 20% Wind Energy by 2030.

Lantz, E.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

An inverse theorem on 'economic' maps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We prove that the bound from the theorem on 'economic' maps is best possible. Namely, for m>n+d we construct a map from an n-dimensional simplex to an m-dimensional Euclidean space for which (and for any close map) there exists a d-dimensional plane whose preimage has cardinality not less than the upper bound [(dn+n+1)/(m-n-d)]+d from the theorem on 'economic' maps. Bibliography: 16 titles.

Bogataya, Svetlana I; Bogatyi, Semeon A; Kudryavtseva, Elena A

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

467

An economic approach to acceptance sampling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- tially reducing the cost of inspection. Evolution of Econom1c Sampling Plans The first attempt to develop a consistent approach to aoceptance sampling was conducted by Bell Telephone Labo- ratories during the 1920's. As a result of this research...- tially reducing the cost of inspection. Evolution of Econom1c Sampling Plans The first attempt to develop a consistent approach to aoceptance sampling was conducted by Bell Telephone Labo- ratories during the 1920's. As a result of this research...

Ruth, Robert Justin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

468

How to Estimate the Economic Impacts from Renewable Energy |...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

How to Estimate the Economic Impacts from Renewable Energy How to Estimate the Economic Impacts from Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Technical Assistance Project (TAP)...

469

NREL: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) Models - About...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Marine & Hydrokinetic Power Model The Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) model allows users to estimate economic development impacts from...

470

Illustrative Calculation of Economics for Heat Pump and "Grid...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Illustrative Calculation of Economics for Heat Pump and "Grid-Enabled" Water Heaters Illustrative Calculation of Economics for Heat Pump and "Grid-Enabled" Water Heaters Rate...

471

SciTech Connect: Offshore Wind Jobs and Economic Development...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Offshore Wind Jobs and Economic Development Impact: Four Regional Scenarios (Presentation) Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Offshore Wind Jobs and Economic Development...

472

DOE Announces Webinars on an Offshore Wind Economic Impacts Model...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

an Offshore Wind Economic Impacts Model, Resources for Tribal Energy Efficiency Projects, and More DOE Announces Webinars on an Offshore Wind Economic Impacts Model, Resources for...

473

WINDExchange Webinar: Economic Impacts of Offshore Wind: Market...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

WINDExchange Webinar: Economic Impacts of Offshore Wind: Market, Manufacturing, and Jobs WINDExchange Webinar: Economic Impacts of Offshore Wind: Market, Manufacturing, and Jobs...

474

DOE Announces Webinars on Economic Impacts of Offshore Wind,...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

DOE Announces Webinars on Economic Impacts of Offshore Wind, Overview of Energy Efficiency Conservation Loan Program, and More DOE Announces Webinars on Economic Impacts of...

475

DOE Announces Webinars on Economic Impacts of Offshore Wind,...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Economic Impacts of Offshore Wind, Clean Energy Financing Programs, and More DOE Announces Webinars on Economic Impacts of Offshore Wind, Clean Energy Financing Programs, and More...

476

SciTech Connect: Solar Energy Education. Home economics: student...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Solar Energy Education. Home economics: student activities. Field test edition Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Solar Energy Education. Home economics: student...

477

IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance July 18, 2012 - 3:46pm Addthis To...

478

White House Council of Economic Advisers and Energy Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

White House Council of Economic Advisers and Energy Department Release New Report on Resiliency of Electric Grid During Natural Disasters White House Council of Economic Advisers...

479

Finacial liberalisation and sustainable economic growth in ECOWAS countries .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The thesis examines the comprehensive relationship between all aspects of financial liberalisation and economic growth in three countries from the Economic Community of West African (more)

Owusu, Erasmus Labri

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Use Feedwater Economizers for Waste Heat Recovery | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

(January 2012) More Documents & Publications Consider Installing a Condensing Economizer Considerations When Selecting a Condensing Economizer Use Steam Jet Ejectors or...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improving economic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Fractured elites : the politics of economic crisis in Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic crises are such powerful socioeconomic disasters that, not surprisingly, they are usually explained by powerful socioeconomic pressures, such as global financial speculation, structural economic failure, or populist ...

Schlefer, Jonathan King

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

NREL: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) Models - About...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Coal Model The Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) Coal model allows the user to estimate economic development impacts from coal power generation projects. Applying a...

483

Energy and economic analysis of geothermalsolar trigeneration systems: A case study for a hotel building in Ischia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the design, simulation and optimisation of a small trigeneration plant supplied by geothermal and solar energies. Different technologies are implemented in a dynamic simulation model purposely developed for research scope: a 6kWe micro Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC); a 30kWf single stage H2O/LiBr absorption chiller; a geothermal well; a solar field obtained by new prototypal flat-plate evacuated solar collectors. The ORC is supplied by heat obtained by a geothermal well in which geothermal brine is about at 95C. In order to improve system performance, additional heat is provided by solar energy obtained through a 25m2 solar field. Diathermic oil (up to 130C) is adopted as working fluid in order to supply heat to the ORC evaporator. A suitable oil storage tank is modelled in order to mitigate the temperature fluctuations due to the variability of solar energy availability. The output power of the ORC depends on the availability of solar energy. The absorption chiller is switched-on in summer time and it is fed by geothermal energy only. This simulation model is implemented in TRNSYS environment. The ORC is modelled by zero-dimensional energy and mass balances implemented in Engineering Equation Solver (EES). A case study is developed in order to test the energy and economic performance of this innovative micro-trigeneration plant. In particular, the above mentioned model is applied to the Regina Isabella hotel in Ischia (Naples, South Italy), famous for its geothermal sources. Currently, such hotel is already equipped by a geothermal system (by several hot water wells) for thermal cares, domestic hot water production and space heating. By TRNSYS the optimisation of the system design parameters and the calculation of the thermo-economic conditions were performed. The system showed excellent energy performance indexes. In fact, the average yearly efficiency of the solar thermal collectors is close to 60%, whereas the average yearly ORC electric efficiency is about 6%, which is a good achievement considering the system driving temperature. Results also show that the system performance is more dependent on the availability of the geothermal energy than the solar one. From the economic point of view, good results are also obtained. In fact, in the worst operating conditions the Simple Pay Back Period is 7.6years, decreasing to 2.5years in the most convenient considered scenario (public funding and full utilisation of the produced thermal energy).

Annamaria Buonomano; Francesco Calise; Adolfo Palombo; Maria Vicidomini

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Economizer system cost effectiveness: Accounting for the influence of ventilation rate on sick leave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECONOMIZER SYSTEM COST EFFECTIVENESS: ACCOUNTING FOR THEand economic benefits of an economizer ventilation controlanalyses indicate that the economizer reduces energy costs

Fisk, William J.; Seppanen, Olli; Faulkner, David; Huang, Joe

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Optimal Deployment of Thermal Energy Storage under Diverse Economic and Climate Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy storage with phase change materials and applications.ice and other phase change material [18]) where the medium

DeForest, Nicolas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Optimal Deployment of Thermal Energy Storage under Diverse Economic and Climate Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deployment of Thermal Energy Storage under Diverse Dincer I. On thermal energy storage systems and applicationsin research on cold thermal energy storage, International

DeForest, Nicolas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Optimal Deployment of Thermal Energy Storage under Diverse Economic and Climate Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 6. Monthly electricity cost savings. Savings fromstructure. The annual electricity cost savings per MWh ofsystems reduced annual electricity cost by 5% to 15% across

DeForest, Nicolas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Optimal Deployment of Thermal Energy Storage under Diverse Economic and Climate Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2003;28;941-951. [20] EERE. EnergyPlus energy simulationafter_1980.html>. [33] EERE. 2012 IECC commercial scope and

DeForest, Nicolas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

[en] TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF MEDIUM SIZED SOLAR-ASSISTED AIR-CONDITIONING IN BRAZIL.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??[pt] No Brasil, devido ao clima tropical, muita energia eltrica utilizada em sistemas de ar condicionado. Devido excelente irradiao solar que incide na (more)

TILL FELIX REICHARDT

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Optimal Deployment of Thermal Energy Storage under Diverse Economic and Climate Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) U-factor Walls W/m K U-m K U-factor Windows W/m K SHGC 3.2. DER-CAM Optimization In

DeForest, Nicolas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Economic and environmental conditions for extraction and recycling of ground power cables.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? In the thesis the costs for extracting ground power cables from grass, asphalt or cobblestone using excavator or Kabel-X is examined. This is then (more)

Larsson, Henric

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

ECWEBTermsandConditions.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

US DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY US DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ELECTRONIC COMMERCE PROCEDURES, TERMS AND CONDITIONS Version 1.0 May 1, 1998 PROCEDURES What follows prescribes the general procedures and policies to be followed when Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is used for transmitting requests for quote, quotations, purchase orders, or other business information in lieu of creating one or more paper documents normally associated with conducting business with the Government. See the Terms and Conditions section below for a list of the standard FAR (Federal Acquisition Regulation) and DEAR (Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation) clauses and provisions mandated to be included in Government contracting actions. The Terms and Conditions together with any clauses specified in the specific contract transaction,

493

Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning May 29, 2012 - 5:22pm Addthis This breakthrough combines desiccant materials, which remove moisture from the air using heat, and advanced evaporative technologies to develop a cooling unit that uses 90 percent less electricity and up to 80 percent less total energy than traditional air conditioning. This solution, called the desiccant enhanced evaporative air conditioner (DEVAP), also controls humidity more effectively to improve the comfort of people in buildings. View the entire Lab Breakthrough playlist. What are the key facts? Recent materials advances and liquid desiccant advances to design the compact and cost-effective DEVAP system. DEVAP uses 90 percent less electricity and up to 80 percent less

494

Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning May 29, 2012 - 5:22pm Addthis This breakthrough combines desiccant materials, which remove moisture from the air using heat, and advanced evaporative technologies to develop a cooling unit that uses 90 percent less electricity and up to 80 percent less total energy than traditional air conditioning. This solution, called the desiccant enhanced evaporative air conditioner (DEVAP), also controls humidity more effectively to improve the comfort of people in buildings. View the entire Lab Breakthrough playlist. What are the key facts? Recent materials advances and liquid desiccant advances to design the compact and cost-effective DEVAP system.

495

Power Conditioning and Control Applications for Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical power conditioning and control (PCC) systems are finding cost effective applications in AC motor drives, lamp ballasts and power supplies. Substantial system efficiency improvements are being realized when the appropriate PCC system...

Brushwood, J. S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

DOE Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning Strategies for Multifamily Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Building America Program is hosting a no-cost, webinar-based training on Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning Strategies for Multifamily Buildings. The webinar will focus on improving the...

497

Requirements for Determining Refrigerant Charge Residential Air Conditioning Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Requirements for Determining Refrigerant Charge Residential Air Conditioning Measures Improved Refrigerant Charge Purpose Component packages require in some climate zones that split system air refrigerant charge. For the performance method, the proposed design is modeled with less efficiency

498

Economizer recirculation for low-load stability in heat recovery steam generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An economizer system is described for heating feedwater in a heat recovery steam generator which consists of: at least first and second economizer tube planes; each of the economizer tube planes including a plurality of generally parallel tubes; the tubes being generally vertically disposed; each of the economizer tube planes including a top header and a bottom header; all of the plurality of tubes in each economizer tube plane being connected in parallel to their top and bottom headers whereby parallel feedwater flow through the plurality of tubes between the top and bottom headers is enabled; one of the top and bottom headers being an inlet header; a second of the top and bottom headers being an outlet header; a boiler feed pump; the boiler feed pump being effective for applying a flow of feedwater to the inlet header; means for serially interconnecting the economizer tube planes; the means for serially interconnecting including means for flowing the feedwater upward and downward in tubes of alternating ones of the economizer tube planes between the inlet header and the outlet header; means for conveying heated feedwater from the outlet header to a using process; means for recirculating at least a portion of the heated feedwater from the outlet header to an inlet of the boiler feed pump; and the means for recirculating including means for relating the portion to a steam load in the using process whereby an increased flow is produced through all of the economizer tube planes at values of the steam load below a predetermined value and a condition permitting initiation of reverse flow in any of the tubes is substantially reduced.

Cuscino, R.T.; Shade, R.L. Jr.

1986-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

499

CERAMIC MEMBRANE ENABLING TECHNOLOGY FOR IMPROVED IGCC EFFICIENCY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this program is to conduct a technology development program to advance the state-of-the-art in ceramic Oxygen Transport Membranes (OTM) to the level required to produce step change improvements in process economics, efficiency, and environmental benefits for commercial IGCC systems and other applications. The IGCC program is focused on addressing key issues in materials, processing, manufacturing, engineering and system development that will make the OTM a commercial reality. The objective of the OTM materials development task is to identify a suitable material that can be formed into a thin film to produce the target oxygen flux. This requires that the material have an adequate permeation rate, and thermo-mechanical and thermo-chemical properties such that the material is able to be supported on the desired substrate and sufficient mechanical strength to survive the stresses involved in operation. The objective of the composite OTM development task is to develop the architecture and fabrication techniques necessary to construct stable, high performance, thin film OTMs supported on suitable porous, load bearing substrates. The objective of the process development task of this program to demonstrate the program objectives on a single OTM tube under test conditions simulating those of the optimum process cycle for the power plant. Good progress has been made towards achieving the DOE-IGCC program objectives. Two promising candidates for OTM materials have been identified and extensive characterization will continue. New compositions are being produced and tested which will determine if the material can be further improved in terms of flux, thermo-mechanical and thermo-chemical properties. Process protocols for the composite OTM development of high quality films on porous supports continues to be optimized. Dense and uniform PSO1 films were successfully applied on porous disc and tubular substrates with good bonding between the films and substrates, and no damage to the substrates or films.

Ravi Prasad

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Multigrid methods for improving the variational data assimilation in numerical weather prediction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conditions are needed to solve numerical weather prediction models: initial condition and boundary conditionMultigrid methods for improving the variational data assimilation in numerical weather prediction: numerical weather prediction, variational data assimilation, minimization procedure, multigrid methods, cell

Kwak, Do Young