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1

Development of improved mobility control agents for surfactant/polymer flooding. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of the laboratory work in this project was to develop mobility control agents that are more effective than the polymers currently used in surfactant/polymer flooding applications. This report summarizes the progress made during each phase of the project. During the first year, the initial phase of the project included a literature survey of surfactant/polymer flooding, a summary of the current status of DOE-sponsored polymer and surfactant/polymer field projects, and a survey of oil industry personnel regarding difficulties encountered in the use of commercially available polymers. The purpose of Phase 1 of the project was to delineate clearly the strengths and weaknesses of the commercial polymers. The laboratory tests in the second phase then were designed to measure and compare the factors considered to be of greatest importance. During the second year of the project, the Phase 2 baseline screening tests were completed, and Phase 3 work commenced on the synthesis, characterization, and preliminary screening of new or modified polymers. These results were presented in our second annual report. During the final year of the project, the preliminary screening tests were completed and polymers of interest were evaluated in more detail. This final report contains highlights of the significant accomplishments of the project and presents our conclusions regarding the development of improved mobility control agents. Our work has shown that moderate changes in the basic structure of acrylamide polymers can produce significant effects on performance in oil recovery applications. Better viscosity retention in brine can be obtained by stiffening the polymer chain of acrylamide-type materials. Enhanced shear stability can be attained by increasing the polymer hydrophilicity. Future research should be directed along these lines. 28 references, 30 figures, 37 tables.

Martin, F.D.; Donaruma, L.G.; Hatch, M.J.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Development of improved-mobility control agents for surfactant/polymer flooding. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the first year, the initial phase of the project included a literature survey of surfactant/polymer flooding, a summary of the current status of DOE-sponsored polymer and surfactant/polymer field projects, and a survey of oil industry personnel regarding difficulties encountered in the use of commercially available polymers. Major problems in the use of partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamides were identified. Purpose of Phase 1 was to delineate the strengths and weaknesses of commercial polymers. Laboratory tests in the second phase then were designed to measure and compare the factors considered to be of greatest importance. During the second year of the project, the Phase 2 baseline screening tests were completed, and Phase 3 work commenced on the synthesis, characterization, and preliminary screening of new or modified polymers. During the final year of the project, the preliminary screening tests were completed and polymers of interest were evaluated in more detail. This final report contains highlights of the significant accomplishments of the project and presents our conclusions regarding the development of improved mobility control agents. The work has shown that moderate changes in the basic structure of acrylamide polymers can produce significant effects on performance in oil recovery applications. Better viscosity retention in brine can be obtained by stiffening the polymer chain of acrylamide-type materials. Enhanced shear stability can be attained by increasing the polymer hydrophilicity.

Martin, F.D.; Donaruma, L.G.; Hatch, M.J.

1982-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

3

COMBINED MICROBIAL SURFACTANT-POLYMER SYSTEM FOR IMPROVED OIL MOBILITY AND CONFORMANCE CONTROL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many domestic oil fields are facing abandonment even though they still contain two-thirds of their original oil. A significant number of these fields can yield additional oil using advanced oil recovery (AOR) technologies. To maintain domestic oil production at current levels, AOR technologies are needed that are affordable and can be implemented by the independent oil producers of the future. Microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) technologies have become established as cost-effective solutions for declining oil production. MEOR technologies are affordable for independent producers operating stripper wells and can be used to extend the life of marginal fields. The demonstrated versatility of microorganisms can be used to design advanced microbial systems to treat multiple production problems in complex, heterogeneous reservoirs. The proposed research presents the concept of a combined microbial surfactant-polymer system for advanced oil recovery. The surfactant-polymer system utilizes bacteria that are capable of both biosurfactant production and metabolically-controlled biopolymer production. This novel technology combines complementary mechanisms to extend the life of marginal fields and is applicable to a large number of domestic reservoirs. The research project described in this report was performed by Bio-Engineering Inc., a woman owned small business, Texas A&M University and Prairie View A&M University, a Historically Black College and University. This report describes the results of our laboratory work to grow microbial cultures, the work done on recovery experiments on core rocks, and computer simulations. We have selected two bacterial strains capable of producing both surfactant and polymers. We have conducted laboratory experiments to determine under what conditions surfactants and polymers can be produced from one single strain. We have conduct recovery experiments to determine the performance of these strains under different conditions. Our results show a significant influence of nutrient regime on alternate production of surfactants or polymers for a Bacillus licheniformis strain, NIPER 1A. The main conclusion of this work is that NIPER 1A can produce both surfactant and polymer by nutrient regime manipulation. Our experiments proved that this property leads to improved oil recovery by increasing alternatively, oil mobility and conformance control.

Jorge Gabitto; Maria Barrufet

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Mobility control of caustic flood  

SciTech Connect

Displacement tests to date of oil field core with alkaline solutions at reservoir temperature show low tertiary oil recovery. Inadequate mobility control is singled out as the reason for such poor recovery. To test the validity of this reasoning, a laboratory study was undertaken in which a high heat resistant polymer was used as the mobility control agent in a hot alkaline solution recovery technique. A combination of varying concentration and volumes of the polymer solution was injected into the sandpack which was then flooded with hot sodium hydroxide solution. The range of polymer concentration was between 0.0% and 3.0%, while the volume varied between 0.0 pore volume and 1.7 pore volume. It was observed that polymer injection actually did improve recovery substantially and that there is an optimum concentration and slug size of polymer for a particular reservoir. Higher concentrations of pore volumes injected did not improve recovery significantly.

Alam, M.W.; Tiab, D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Chemical systems for improved oil recovery: Phase behavior, oil recovery, and mobility control studies  

SciTech Connect

Selected surfactant systems containing a series of ethoxylated nonionic surfactants in combination with an anionic surfactant system have been studied to evaluate phase behavior as well as oil recovery potential. These experiments were conducted to evaluate possible improved phase behavior and overall oil recovery potential of mixed surfactant systems over a broad range of conditions. Both polyacrylamide polymers and Xanthan biopolymers were evaluated. Studies were initiated to use a chemical flooding simulation program, UTCHEM, to simulate oil recovery for laboratory and field applications and evaluate its use to simulate oil saturation distributions obtained in CT-monitoring of oil recovery experiments. The phase behavior studies focused on evaluating the effect of anionic-nonionic surfactant proportion on overall phase behavior. Two distinct transition behaviors were observed, depending on the dominant surfactant in the overall system. The first type of transition corresponded to more conventional behavior attributed to nonionic-dominant surfactant systems. This behavior is manifested by an oil-water-surfactant system that inverts from a water-external (highly conducting) microemulsion to an oil-external (nonconducting) one, as a function of temperature. The latter type which inverts in an opposite manner can be attributed to the separation of the anionic-nonionic mixtures into water- and oil-soluble surfactants. Both types of transition behavior can still be used to identify relative proximity to optimal areas. Determining these transition ranges provided more insight on how the behavior of these surfactant mixtures was affected by altering component proportions. Efforts to optimize the chemical system for oil displacement experiments were also undertaken. Phase behavior studies with systems formulated with biopolymer in solution were conducted.

Llave, F.; Gall, B.; Gao, H., Scott, L., Cook, I.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

COMBINED MICROBIAL SURFACTANT-POLYMER SYSTEM FOR IMPROVED OIL MOBILITY AND CONFORMANCE CONTROL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many domestic oil fields are facing abandonment even though they still contain two-thirds of their original oil. A significant number of these fields can yield additional oil using advanced oil recovery (AOR) technologies. To maintain domestic oil production at current levels, AOR technologies are needed that are affordable and can be implemented by independent oil producers of the future. Microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) technologies have become established as cost-effective solutions for declining oil production. MEOR technologies are affordable for independent producers operating stripper wells and can be used to extend the life of marginal fields. The demonstrated versatility of microorganisms can be used to design advanced microbial systems to treat multiple production problems in complex, heterogeneous reservoirs. The proposed research presents the concept of a combined microbial surfactant-polymer system for advanced oil recovery. The surfactant-polymer system utilizes bacteria that are capable of both biosurfactant production and metabolically-controlled biopolymer production. This novel technology combines complementary mechanisms to extend the life of marginal fields and is applicable to a large number of domestic reservoirs. The research project described in this report is performed jointly by, Bio-Engineering Inc., a woman owned small business, Texas A&M University and Prairie View A&M University, a Historically Black College and University. This report describes the results of our laboratory work to grow microbial cultures and the work done on recovery experiments on core rocks. We have selected two bacterial strains capable of producing both surfactant and polymers. We have conducted laboratory experiments to determine under what conditions surfactants and polymers can be produced from one single strain. We have conduct recovery experiments to determine the performance of these strains under different conditions. Our results do not show a significant influence of nutrient regime on alternate production of surfactants or polymers.

Jorge Gabitto; Maria Barrufet

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

A power adjusting algorithm on mobility control in mobile ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power saving is one of the key issues in mobile ad-hoc networks (MANET), while previous researches in MAC layer are mostly focused on improving the channel utilization by adopting variable-range transmission power control. In this paper we focus on the ... Keywords: dynamic source routing (DSR), mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs), mobility control, power control, power efficiency

Jianrui Yuan; Jintao Meng

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Investigation of oil recovery improvement by coupling an interfacial tension agent and a mobility control agent in light oil reservoirs. Annual report, October 1992--September 1993  

SciTech Connect

Investigation of Oil Recovery Improvement by Coupling and Interfacial Tension Agent and a Mobility Control Agent in Light Oil Reservoirs will study two major areas concerning co-injecting an interfacial tension reduction agent(s) and a mobility control agent. The first area defines the interactions of alkaline agent, surfactants, and polymers on a fluid-fluid and fluid-rock basis. The second area concerns the economic improvement of the combined technology. This report examines the interactions of different alkaline agents, surfactants, and polymer combinations on a fluid-fluid basis. Alkali and surfactant combine to reduce the interfacial tension between a low acid number, 42 API gravity crude oil and the aqueous solution to values lower than either agent alone. Surfactant structure can vary from linear chain sulfonates to alkyl aryl sulfonates to produce low interfacial tension values when combined with alkali. However as a class, the alkyl aryl sulfonates were the most effective surfactants. Surfactant olefinic character appears to be critical in developing low interfacial tensions. For the 42 API gravity crude oil, surfactants with molecular weights ranging from 370 to 450 amu are more effective in lowering interfacial tension. Ultra low interfacial tensions were achieved with all of the alkaline agents evaluated when combined with appropriate surfactants. Different interfacial tension reduction characteristics with the various alkali types indicates alkali interacts synergistically with the surfactants to develop interfacial tension reduction. The solution pH is not a determining factor in lowering interfacial tension. Surfactant is the dominant agent for interfacial tension reduction.

Pitts, M.J.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Investigation of oil recovery improvement by coupling an interfacial tension agent and a mobility control agent in light oil reservoirs. Second annual report, October 1993--September 1994  

SciTech Connect

{open_quotes}Investigation of Oil Recovery Improvement by Coupling an Interfacial Tension Agent and a Mobility Control Agent in Light Oil Reservoirs{close_quotes} is studying two major areas concerning co-injecting an interfacial tension reduction agent(s) and a mobility control agent. The first area defines the interactions of alkaline agents, surfactants, and polymers on a fluid-fluid and a fluid-rock basis. The second area concerns the economic improvement of the combined technology. This report continues the fluid-fluid interaction evaluations and begins the fluid-rock studies. Fluid-fluid interfacial tension work determined that replacing sodium ion with either potassium or ammonium ion in solutions with interfacial tension reduction up to 19,600 fold was detrimental and had little or no effect on alkali-surfactant solutions with interfacial tension reduction of 100 to 200 fold. Reservoir brine increases interfacial tension between crude oil and alkaline-surfactant solutions. Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-surfactant solutions maintained ultra low and low interfacial tension values better than NaOH-surfactant solutions. The initial phase of the fluid-rock investigations was adsorption studies. Surfactant adsorption is reduced when co-dissolved with alkali. Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} and Na{sub 3}PO{sub 4} are more efficient at reducing surfactant adsorption than NaOH. When polymer is added to the surfactant solution, surfactant adsorption is reduced as well. When both polymer and alkali are added, polymer is the dominate component, reducing the Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} and NaOH effect on adsorption. Substituting sodium ion with potassium or ammonium ion increased or decreased surfactant adsorption depending on surfactant structure with alkali having a less significant effect. No consistent change of surfactant adsorption with increasing salinity was observed in the presence or absence of alkali or polymer.

Pitts, M.J.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Improved Security Mechanism for Mobile IPv6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Security is a critical design issue in Mobile IPv6 since adversaries can take advantage of its routing process and arbitrarily channelize the traffic to different destinations. The original security scheme, the return routability (RR) procedure, used in Mobile IPv6 route optimization does not protect against adversaries who are on the path between the home agent (HA) and the correspondent node (CN) [11]. In addition, the long latency associated with the return routability test can impact delay-sensitive applications. This paper presents a hash chain based security mechanism to improve the security and performance of the return routability procedure in Mobile IPv6. Our fast authentication mechanism utilizes the hash chain element as an extra certificate to the mobile node in authenticating binding updates while running the routing process. In addition, by removing the necessity of the home test procedure in the RR test our mechanism can reduce the binding update latency. We analyze the security strength of our scheme under different adversary scenarios. Furthermore, a performance comparison of our scheme and the original RR procedure is provided

Jing Li; Po Zhang; Srinivas Sampalli

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

The Curious Institution of Mobile Home Rent Control: An Analysis of Mobile Home Parks in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

institution of mobile home , J. Housing Econ. (2007),into e?ects of mobile home park rent control. Journal ofinstitution of mobile home , J. Housing Econ. (2007),

Mason, Carl; Quigley, John M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Interaction control of a redundant mobile manipulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the modeling and control of a spatial mobile manipulator that consists of a robotic manipulator mounted on a wheeled mobile platform. The Lagrange-d`Alembert formulation is used to obtain a concise description of the dynamics of the system, which is subject to nonholonomic constraints. The complexity of the model is increased by introducing kinematic redundancy, which is created when a multilinked manipulator is used. The kinematic redundancy is resolved by decomposing the mobile manipulator into two subsystems: the mobile platform and the manipulator. The redundancy resolution scheme employs a nonlinear interaction-control algorithm, which is developed and applied to coordinate the two subsystems` controllers. The subsystem controllers are independently designed, based on each subsystem`s dynamic characteristics. Simulation results show the promise of the developed algorithm.

Chung, J.H.; Velinsky, S.A.; Hess, R.A. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Portable control device for networked mobile robots  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A handheld control device provides a way for controlling one or multiple mobile robotic vehicles by incorporating a handheld computer with a radio board. The device and software use a personal data organizer as the handheld computer with an additional microprocessor and communication device on a radio board for use in controlling one robot or multiple networked robots.

Feddema, John T. (Albuquerque, NM); Byrne, Raymond H. (Albuquerque, NM); Bryan, Jon R. (Edgewood, NM); Harrington, John J. (Albuquerque, NM); Gladwell, T. Scott (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Advanced mobile networking, sensing, and controls.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes an integrated approach for designing communication, sensing, and control systems for mobile distributed systems. Graph theoretic methods are used to analyze the input/output reachability and structural controllability and observability of a decentralized system. Embedded in each network node, this analysis will automatically reconfigure an ad hoc communication network for the sensing and control task at hand. The graph analysis can also be used to create the optimal communication flow control based upon the spatial distribution of the network nodes. Edge coloring algorithms tell us that the minimum number of time slots in a planar network is equal to either the maximum number of adjacent nodes (or degree) of the undirected graph plus some small number. Therefore, the more spread out that the nodes are, the fewer number of time slots are needed for communication, and the smaller the latency between nodes. In a coupled system, this results in a more responsive sensor network and control system. Network protocols are developed to propagate this information, and distributed algorithms are developed to automatically adjust the number of time slots available for communication. These protocols and algorithms must be extremely efficient and only updated as network nodes move. In addition, queuing theory is used to analyze the delay characteristics of Carrier Sense Multiple Access (CSMA) networks. This report documents the analysis, simulation, and implementation of these algorithms performed under this Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) effort.

Feddema, John Todd; Kilman, Dominique Marie; Byrne, Raymond Harry; Young, Joseph G.; Lewis, Christopher L.; Van Leeuwen, Brian P.; Robinett, Rush D. III; Harrington, John J.

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Control Scheme Modifications Increase Efficiency of Steam Generation System at ExxonMobil Gas Plant. Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) Chemicals BestPractices Project Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case study highlights control scheme modifications made to the steam system at ExxonMobil's Mary Ann Gas Plant in Mobile, Alabama, which improved steam flow efficiency and reduced energy costs.

Not Available

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

MobShare: controlled and immediate sharing of mobile images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we describe the design and implementation of a mobile one picture sharing system MobShare that enables immediate, controlled, and organized sharing of mobile pictures, and the browsing, combining, and discussion of the shared ... Keywords: camera ones, digital image management, multimedia tools, wireless multimedia applications

Risto Sarvas; Mikko Viikari; Juha Pesonen; Hanno Nevanlinna

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The Experimental Performance of a Mobile Manipulator Control Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results are presented of an experimental study of a recently developed motion control algorithm for mobile manipulators. First, the dynamic interactions between a mobile manipulator and its vehicle are shown to lead to poor performance when a conventional fixed-base controller, which neglects these interactions, is used. Then the mobile manipulator control algorithm, which accounts for dynamic vehicle motions caused by manipulator motions, is shown to be stable and to perform well, while using only limited sensory data, such as would be practically available in highly unstructured field environments. 1:Introduction Robotic manipulators are being considered for a wide variety of applications outside of their traditional factory settings. These applications, such as fire-fighting, toxic waste cleanup, and planetary exploration will require the manipulators to operate from moving vehicles, i.e. as mobile manipulators, see Fig. 1 [1]. Gravity Large Payload Sensing Suspension & Soil...

Norbert A. M. Hootsmans; Steven Dubowsky; Patrick Z. Mo

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Optimizing a Mobile Robot Control System using GPU Acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing a Mobile Robot Control System using GPU Acceleration Nat Tuck, Michael Mc (IGVC) by running computationally intensive portions of the system on a commodity graphics processing competition our Robot Operating System (ROS) based control system would not run comfortably on the multicore

19

Use of mixed surfactants to generate foams for mobility control in chemical flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of mixed surfactant foams as an alternative method for mobility control behind a low-concentration chemical flood was evaluated in laboratory experiments. Results indicated that use of alternating slug cycles of gas and selected mixed surfactants resulted in significantly higher differential pressures, [Delta]p, compared with use of only the individual surfactant components, even at low surfactant concentrations. Foams generated with these systems were more stable, even in the presence of oil. The synergistic effect of enhancing foam-generation behavior and stability of these types of systems can improve propagation of a mobility-control front through porous media.

Llave, F.M.; Olsen, D.K. (NIPER/BDM-Oklahoma Inc., Bartlesville, OK (United States))

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Improved Network Consistency and Connectivity in Mobile and Sensor Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Edge networks such as sensor, mobile, and disruption tolerant networks suffer from topological uncertainty and disconnections due to myriad of factors including limited battery capacity… (more)

Banerjee, Nilanjan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

SURFACTANT BASED ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY AND FOAM MOBILITY CONTROL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surfactant flooding has the potential to significantly increase recovery over that of conventional waterflooding. The availability of a large number of surfactants makes it possible to conduct a systematic study of the relation between surfactant structure and its efficacy for oil recovery. Also, the addition of an alkali such as sodium carbonate makes possible in situ generation of surfactant and significant reduction of surfactant adsorption. In addition to reduction of interfacial tension to ultra-low values, surfactants and alkali can be designed to alter wettability to enhance oil recovery. An alkaline surfactant process is designed to enhance spontaneous imbibition in fractured, oil-wet, carbonate formations. It is able to recover oil from dolomite core samples from which there was no oil recovery when placed in formation brine. Mobility control is essential for surfactant EOR. Foam is evaluted to improve the sweep efficiency of surfactant injected into fractured reservoirs. UTCHEM is a reservoir simulator specially designed for surfactant EOR. A dual-porosity version is demonstrated as a potential scale-up tool for fractured reservoirs.

George J. Hirasaki; Clarence A. Miller; Gary A. Pope; Richard E. Jackson

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Surfactant Based Enhanced Oil Recovery and Foam Mobility Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surfactant flooding has the potential to significantly increase recovery over that of conventional waterflooding. The availability of a large number of surfactant structures makes it possible to conduct a systematic study of the relation between surfactant structure and its efficacy for oil recovery. A mixture of two surfactants was found to be particularly effective for application in carbonate formations at low temperature. The mixture is single phase for higher salinity or calcium concentrations than that for either surfactant used alone. This makes it possible to inject the surfactant slug with polymer close to optimal conditions and yet be single phase. A formulation has been designed for a particular field application. It uses partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide for mobility control. The addition of an alkali such as sodium carbonate makes possible in situ generation of naphthenic soap and significant reduction of synthetic surfactant adsorption. The design of the process to maximize the region of ultra-low IFT takes advantage of the observation that the ratio of soap to synthetic surfactant is a parameter in the conditions for optimal salinity. Even for a fixed ratio of soap to surfactant, the range of salinity for low IFT was wider than that reported for surfactant systems in the literature. Low temperature, forced displacement experiments in dolomite and silica sandpacks demonstrate that greater than 95% recovery of the waterflood remaining oil is possible with 0.2% surfactant concentration, 0.5 PV surfactant slug, with no alcohol. Compositional simulation of the displacement process demonstrates the role of soap/surfactant ratio on passage of the profile through the ultralow IFT region, the importance of a wide salinity range of low IFT, and the importance of the viscosity of the surfactant slug. Mobility control is essential for surfactant EOR. Foam is evaluated to improve the sweep efficiency of surfactant injected into fractured reservoirs as well as a drive fluid for ASP flooding. UTCHEM is a reservoir simulator specially designed for surfactant EOR. It has been modified to represent the effects of a change in wettability produced by surfactant injection.

George J. Hirasaki; Clarence A. Miller

2006-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

23

ESCORT: a decentralized and localized access control system for mobile wireless access to secured domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work we design and implement ESCORT, a backward compatible, efficient, and secure access control system, to facilitate mobile wireless access to secured wireless LANs. In mobile environments, a mobile guest may frequently ... Keywords: decentralized access control, identity privacy, location privacy, mobile privacy, wireless security

Jiejun Kong; Shirshanka Das; Edward Tsai; Mario Gerla

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Wireless Temperature Sensors for Improved HVAC Control  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

reliable, and affordable and affordable Wireless Temperature Sensors for Improved HVAC Control An assessment of wireless sensor technology Executive Summary This Technology...

25

Improving quality assurance in education with web-based services by data mining and mobile technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main focus of this paper is to use web-based services, data mining techniques and mobile technologies to improve Quality Assurance (QA) in education. This paper presents rather sophisticated web-based tools and services dedicated to the QA in education. ... Keywords: data mining, mobile technologies, quality assurance, web services, web-based application

Arben Hajra; Derya Birant; Alp Kut

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Surfactant Based Enhanced Oil Recovery and Foam Mobility Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surfactant flooding has the potential to significantly increase recovery over that of conventional waterflooding. The availability of a large number of surfactant structures makes it possible to conduct a systematic study of the relation between surfactant structure and its efficacy for oil recovery. A combination of two surfactants was found to be particularly effective for application in carbonate formations at low temperature. A formulation has been designed for a particular field application. The addition of an alkali such as sodium carbonate makes possible in situ generation of surfactant and significant reduction of surfactant adsorption. In addition to reduction of interfacial tension to ultra-low values, surfactants and alkali can be designed to alter wettability to enhance oil recovery. The design of the process to maximize the region of ultra-low IFT is more challenging since the ratio of soap to synthetic surfactant is a parameter in the conditions for optimal salinity. Compositional simulation of the displacement process demonstrates the interdependence of the various components for oil recovery. An alkaline surfactant process is designed to enhance spontaneous imbibition in fractured, oil-wet, carbonate formations. It is able to recover oil from dolomite core samples from which there was no oil recovery when placed in formation brine. Mobility control is essential for surfactant EOR. Foam is evaluated to improve the sweep efficiency of surfactant injected into fractured reservoirs. UTCHEM is a reservoir simulator specially designed for surfactant EOR. It has been modified to represent the effects of a change in wettability. Simulated case studies demonstrate the effects of wettability.

George J. Hirasaki; Clarence A. Miller; Gary A. Pope

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Sensing-enabled channels for hard-to-detect command and control of mobile devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proliferation of mobile computing devices has enabled immense opportunities for everyday users. At the same time, however, this has opened up new, and perhaps more severe, possibilities for attacks. In this paper, we explore a novel generation of ... Keywords: command & control, covert channel, mobile device sensors, mobile malware, mobile security

Ragib Hasan, Nitesh Saxena, Tzipora Haleviz, Shams Zawoad, Dustin Rinehart

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Examining mechanisms of self-control improvement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Prior research provides evidence that people can improve their self-control performance through practice (e.g., Muraven, Baumeister, & Tice, 1999). Building on the Strength Model of… (more)

Klinger, Jane

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Integrating planning and control for single-bodied wheeled mobile robots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an approach to couple path planning and control for mobile robot navigation in a hybrid control framework. We build upon an existing hybrid control approach called sequential composition, in which a set of feedback control ... Keywords: Hybrid controls, Mobile robots, Sequential composition

David C. Conner; Howie Choset; Alfred A. Rizzi

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Air control can improve field heater efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Independent field tests have demonstrated that the proper selection of primary and secondary air controls for wellhead gas dehydrators can reduce their burner fuel gas consumption by at least 30%. The tests were conducted by G.A. Baca and Associates Ltd., an engineering consulting firm located in Santa Fe, N.M. The new thermostat, venturi burner, and automatic secondary air control combination used in the tests were developed by Weatherford International as part of its Engineered Controls and Instruments (ECI) product line. The principle innovation of Weatherford's ECI burner/control combination is the Automatic Secondary Air Shutter, a device which limits the supply of secondary air surrounding the venturi burner. This air-flow control provides significant improvements in combustion efficiency compared to burners without such controls. Patents for the shutter and burner equipment are pending.

Zygmunt, S.J.; Giovanini, B.

1984-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

31

Robust control in sparse mobile ad-hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a two-hop routing delay-tolerant network. When the source encounters a mobile then it transmits, with some probability, a file to that mobile, with the probability itself being a decision variable. The number of mobiles is not fixed, with ...

Eitan Altman; Alireza Aram; Tamer Ba?ar; Corinne Touati; Saswati Sarkar

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Control and simulation of a tensegrity-based mobile robot  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tensegrity structures can provide a new approach to the construction of mobile robots with different shapes and properties that usual robots, wheeled or legged, do not have. Tensegrity are light, deformable structures that may be able to adapt their ... Keywords: Mobile robots, Tensegrity structures

Albert Graells Rovira; Josep M. Mirats Tur

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Novel CO{sub 2}-thickeners for improved mobility control  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to design, synthesize, and characterize thickening agents for dense carbon dioxide and to evaluate their solubility and viscosity-enhancing potential in CO{sub 2}. Hydrocarbon-fluorocarbon random copolymers, sulfated hydrocarbon-fluorocarbon random copolymers, semifluorinated trialkyltin fluorides and small hydrogen-bonding compounds were evaluated. Random copolymers of styrene and heptadecafluorodecyl acrylate were characterized by high solubility ion dense carbon dioxide and the most substantial increases in solution viscosity. Falling cylinder viscometry results indicated that the 29%styrene--71%fluoroacylate bulk-polymerized copolymer induced 2--250 fold increases in viscosity at copolymer concentrations of 0.2--5.0wt%.

Enick, Dr. Robert M.; Beckman, Dr. Eric J.; Hamilton, Dr. Andrew

2000-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

34

Adaptive access control in coordination-based mobile agent systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increased pervasiveness of mobile devices like cell phones, PDAs, and laptops draws attention to the need for coordination among these networked devices. The very nature of the environment requires devices to interact opportunistically when resources ...

Christine Julien; Jamie Payton; Gruia-Catalin Roman

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Cooperative system and method using mobile robots for testing a cooperative search controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A test system for testing a controller provides a way to use large numbers of miniature mobile robots to test a cooperative search controller in a test area, where each mobile robot has a sensor, a communication device, a processor, and a memory. A method of using a test system provides a way for testing a cooperative search controller using multiple robots sharing information and communicating over a communication network.

Byrne, Raymond H. (Albuquerque, NM); Harrington, John J. (Albuquerque, NM); Eskridge, Steven E. (Albuquerque, NM); Hurtado, John E. (College Station, TX)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

The motion control of a mobile robot using multiobjective decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the use of fuzzy logic based decision-making of autonomous robots in unstructured environments. We will introduce fuzzy multiobjective decision making within the context of the motion control of mobile robots. This process ... Keywords: autonomous mobile robots, decision-making, fuzzy logic, multiobjective decision making

Earl B. Smith

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Study of CO2 Mobility Control Using Cross-linked Gel Conformance Control and CO2 Viscosifiers in Heterogeneous Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CO2 has been widely used as a displacement fluid in both immiscible and miscible displacement processes to obtain tertiary recovery from the field. There are several problems associated with the application of CO2 flooding, especially when there is a significant presence of heterogeneous elements, such as fractures, channels and high permeability streaks within the reservoir. With flooding, CO2 will finger through the target zone while leaving most of the residual/trapped oil untouched. As a result, early gas breakthrough has been a very common problem in CO2-related projects, reducing the overall sweep efficiency of CO2 flooding. This research aims at improving the CO2 flood efficiency using cross-linked gel conformance control and CO2 viscosifier technique. A series of coreflood experiment studies have been performed to investigate the possibility of applying CO2 mobility control techniques. Corresponding simulation works have also been carried out to predict the benefits of applying CO2 mobility control techniques in the field. In the laboratory study, the CO2 coreflood system was integrated with the CT (Computed Tomography)-scanner and obtained real-time coreflood images of the CO2 saturation distributions in the core. This system was applied to the research of both cross-linked polymer gel treatment and CO2 viscosifier study and produced images with sharp phase contrasts. For the gel conformance study, promising results were obtained by applying cross-linked gel to eliminate permeability contrast and diverting CO2 into low permeability regions to obtain incremental oil recovery; also studied were the gel strength in terms of leak-off extent with the aid of CT (Computed Tomography) images. For the CO2 viscosifier research, we tested several potential viscosifier chemicals and found out PVAc (Polyvinylacetate)/toluene combination to be the most promising. The follow-up study clearly demonstrates the superiority of viscosified CO2 over neat CO2 in terms of sweep efficiency. This research serves as a preliminary study in understanding advanced CO2 mobility control techniques and will provide insights to future studies on this topic.

Cai, Shuzong

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

On improving temporal and spatial mobility metrics for wireless ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work shows that two well-known spatial and temporal mobility metrics for wireless multi-hop networks have limitations, possibly resulting in misleading results. Based on the concept of spatial dependence among nodes including transient periods of ... Keywords: Mobile ad hoc network, Mobility metric, Mobility model, Network simulation, Spatial dependence, Temporal dependence

Elmano Ramalho Cavalcanti; Marco Aurélio Spohn

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Mobile Security and Forensics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile Security and Forensics. Summary: The goal of the project is to improve the security of mobile devices and software. ...

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

40

Literature Review of Mobility Control Methods for CO2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

an organic co-solvent such as toluene; although this thickened CO 2 was shown to improve oil recovery from cores, the co-solvent requirement (roughly 10% co-solvent, 90% CO 2 )...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Available Technologies: Ventilation Controller for Improved Indoor ...  

Iain Walker and colleagues at Berkeley Lab have developed a dynamic control system for whole-house ventilation fans that provides maximal air quality while reducing ...

42

Quality improvement and control based on defect reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses the quality improvement in a printing process at a food packaging company now experiencing hundreds of printing defects. Methodologies of Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control (DMAIC), and ...

Dai, Qi, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Improved Quantitative Analysis of Ion Mobility Spectrometry by Chemometric Multivariate Calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditional peak-area calibration and the multivariate calibration methods of principle component regression (PCR) and partial least squares (PLS), including unfolded PLS (U-PLS) and multi-way PLS (N-PLS), were evaluated for the quantification of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and cyclo-1,3,5-trimethylene-2,4,6-trinitramine (RDX) in Composition B samples analyzed by temperature step desorption ion mobility spectrometry (TSD-IMS). The true TNT and RDX concentrations of eight Composition B samples were determined by high performance liquid chromatography with UV absorbance detection. Most of the Composition B samples were found to have distinct TNT and RDX concentrations. Applying PCR and PLS on the exact same IMS spectra used for the peak-area study improved quantitative accuracy and precision approximately 3 to 5 fold and 2 to 4 fold, respectively. This in turn improved the probability of correctly identifying Composition B samples based upon the estimated RDX and TNT concentrations from 11% with peak area to 44% and 89% with PLS. This improvement increases the potential of obtaining forensic information from IMS analyzers by providing some ability to differentiate or match Composition B samples based on their TNT and RDX concentrations.

Fraga, Carlos G.; Kerr, Dayle; Atkinson, David A.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Ventilation Controller for Improved Indoor Air Quality  

Iain Walker and colleagues at Berkeley Lab have developed a dynamic control system for whole-house ventilation fans that provides maximal air quality while reducing by 18-44% the energy spent on ventilation. The system, the Residential Integrated ...

45

Intelligent paraconsistent logic controller and autonomous mobile robot emmy II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work we present a logic controller based on Paraconsistent Annotated Logic named Paracontrol, which can be applied to resolve conflicts and to deal with contradictions and/or paracompleteness, by implementing a decision-making in the presence ...

Jair M. Abe; Cláudio R. Torres; Germano L. Torres; Kazumi Nakamatsu; Michiro Kondo

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Mobility control in oil recovery by chemical flooding: State-of-the-art review: Topical report. [177 references  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobility control in oil recovery by chemical flooding (polymer, micellar-polymer, and alkaline-polymer) can be achieved through the use of low-concentration water-soluble polymers in water or in chemical slugs. Since the late 1950's, water-soluble polymers have been studied extensively in laboratories by many researchers and widely used in many chemical flooding projects to improve sweep efficiency and increase ultimate oil recovery. Effective use of polymers as mobility control agents requires the understanding of the stability of polymers and their rheological behavior in reservoirs. An overview of the scientific literature on the application of water-soluble polymers in enhanced oil recovery (EOR) is presented. The processes, factors, and mechanisms that influence the stability of polymers and those that cause a reduction in water mobility are discussed. Existing knowledge of polymer flow behavior in porous media, and of surfactant-polymer interactions is reviewed. Also discussed are the case histories of 23 chemical flooding field projects. 177 refs., 6 figs., 5 tabs.

Gao, H.W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Graphene Enabled Low-Control Quantum Gates between Static and Mobile Spins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the feature of Klein tunneling makes graphene a unique interface for implementing low control quantum gates between static and mobile qubits. A ballistic electron spin is considered as the mobile qubit, while the static qubit is the electronic spin of a quantum dot fixed in a graphene nanoribbon. Scattering is the low control mechanism of the gate, which, in other systems, is really difficult to exploit because of both back-scattering and the momentum dependence of scattering. We find that Klein tunneling enables the implementation of quasi-deterministic quantum gates regardless of the momenta or the shape of the wave function of the incident electron. The Dirac equation is used to describe the system in the one particle approximation with the interaction between the static and the mobile spins modelled by a Heisenberg Hamiltonian. Furthermore, we discuss an application of this model to generate entanglement between two well separated static qubits.

G. Cordourier-Maruri; Y. Omar; R. de Coss; S. Bose

2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

48

Voltage Control Optimization to Improve Transmission Efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An optimal power flow solution is unique from a conventional power flow solution in that an objective function and user-specified constraints are enforced and satisfied to reach a valid solution. This report presents an analytical study on the optimization of power flow in order to minimize reactive power losses via the modification of generator voltage schedules and transmission switched shunt status. The study examines the potential benefits and applicability of near-real-time voltage control ...

2012-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

49

Resuscitating privacy-preserving mobile payment with customer in complete control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Credit/debit card payment transactions do not protect the privacy of the customer. Once the card is handed over to the merchant for payment processing, customers are "no longer in control" on how their card details and money are handled. This leads to ... Keywords: Customer centric payment model, Near field communication (NFC), Privacy, RFID, Secure mobile payment, Smartphone application

Divyan Munirathnam Konidala; Made Harta Dwijaksara; Kwangjo Kim; Dongman Lee; Byoungcheon Lee; Daeyoung Kim; Soontae Kim

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Development of mobile versatile nanohandling microrobots: design, driving principles, haptic control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Special micromanipulators are needed to manipulate very small objects. Most micromanipulators are specialized to perform a task they are designed for, but are too inflexible to adapt to other problems. Therefore, flexible newly developed mobile microrobots ... Keywords: Haptic control, Microassembly, Microrobots, Nanohandling

A. Kortschack; A. Shirinov; T. Trüper; S. Fatikow

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Topology Control and Mobility Strategy for UAV Ad-hoc Networks: A Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topology Control and Mobility Strategy for UAV Ad-hoc Networks: A Survey Zhongliang Zhao, Torsten and software are allowing the rapid development of small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), capable of per fiber-reinforce plastic materials let UAVs become an aerial platform, that can be equipped

Braun, Torsten

52

The design and evaluation of a mobile sensor/actuator network for autonomous animal control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates a mobile, wireless sensor/actuator network application for use in the cattle breeding industry. Our goal is to prevent fighting between bulls in on-farm breeding paddocks by autonomously applying appropriate stimuli when one bull ... Keywords: application, autonomous animal control, sensor/actuator networks

Tim Wark; Chris Crossman; Wen Hu; Ying Guo; Philip Valencia; Pavan Sikka; Peter Corke; Caroline Lee; John Henshall; Kishore Prayaga; Julian O'Grady; Matt Reed; Andrew Fisher

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Improved control strategies correct main fractionator operating problems  

SciTech Connect

Heat and mass balance control of refinery main fractionators can be improved through simple process design changes. Metering flows of internal reflux streams improves unit operability and controllability. Modifying the process system design to measure small internal reflux flow is another inexpensive way to control main fractionators. Three case histories show how simple design changes in refinery main fractionators can solve advanced control problems, thus changing product yields and improving refinery economics. The three cases are a delayed coker, a crude unit, and a FCC unit.

Golden, S.W. [Process Consulting Services Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)

1995-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

54

An Improved Sensorless Control System of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To improve the performance of permanent magnet synchronous motor sensor less control system, the phase offset caused by the low pass filter must be considering. In this paper, to apply the linear control theory to PMSM system. The introduced control ... Keywords: PMSM, Reduced-order Observer, Group Time Delay, Adaptive, Sensorless

Long Tang, Hong-Lin Ou Yang, Chao Meng, Xin-Yuan Li, Xu-Jie Mo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Water Control and Improvement Districts (Texas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Control and Improvement Districts (Texas) Water Control and Improvement Districts (Texas) Water Control and Improvement Districts (Texas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Texas Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Texas Commission on Environmental Quality The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality is authorized to review and

56

MaJaB: improving resource management for web-based applications on mobile devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Web has become the host platform for interactive and collaborative applications that usually consist of multiple Web services. This transition is pushing the browsers to perform operating system like functionalities for better resource utilization. ... Keywords: ajax, collaborative systems, middleware, mobile phone, mobile web service, performance optimization, resource management, web 2.0, web os

Du Li; Manish Anand

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers Title Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown LBNL Report Number LBNL-6007E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Coles, Henry C., Steve E. Greenberg, and Corrine Vita Document Number LBNL-6007E Date Published 12/2012 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley, CA Keywords air distribution, building technology and urban systems department, computer room air handler, crah control, data center, data center crah, ec fan, ecm, ecm fan, fan speed control, high tech and industrial systems group, plug fan, variable frequency drive, vfd, wireless control Abstract

58

Improved Process control of wood waste fired boilers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project's principal aim was the conceptual and feasibility stage development of improved process control methods for wood-waste-fired water-tube boilers operating in industrial manufacturing applications (primarily pulp and paper). The specific objectives put forth in the original project proposal were as follows: (1) fully characterize the wood-waste boiler control inter-relationships and constraints through data collection and analysis; (2) design an improved control architecture; (3) develop and test an appropriate control and optimization algorithm; and (4) develop and test a procedure for reproducing the approach and deriving the benefits on similar pulp and paper wood-waste boilers. Detailed tasks were developed supporting these objectives.

Process Control Solutions, Inc.

2004-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

59

The design and construction of electronic motor control and network interface hardware for advance concept urban mobility vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the past several years, the Smart Cities Group at MIT's Media Lab has engaged in research to develop several advanced concepts for vehicles to improve urban mobility. This research has focused on developing a modular ...

Morrissey, Bryan L. (Bryan Lawrence)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

An enhanced clustering algorithm for mobile ad hoc networks to improve the throughput  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) consist of a number of wireless hosts that forms network without a fixed infrastructure. Clustering plays a vital role for MANETs in managing the resources. Clustering involves two processes such as cluster head ...

S. Muthuramalingam; R. Rajaram

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Transformer Thermal Modeling: Improving Reliability Using Data Quality Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Transformer Thermal Modeling: Improving Reliability Using Data Quality Control Daniel J. Tylavsky--Eventually all large transformers will be dynamically loaded using models updated regularly from field measured data. Models obtained from measured data give more accurate results than models based on transformer

62

New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma in fusion experiments By John Greenwald December 9, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Graphic representation of 2D images of fluctuating electron temperatures in a cross-section of a confined fusion plasma. Graphic representation of 2D images of fluctuating electron temperatures in a cross-section of a confined fusion plasma. A key issue for the development of fusion energy to generate electricity is the ability to confine the superhot, charged plasma gas that fuels fusion reactions in magnetic devices called tokamaks. This gas is subject to instabilities that cause it to leak from the magnetic fields and halt fusion reactions. Now a recently developed imaging technique can help researchers improve

63

New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma in fusion experiments By John Greenwald December 9, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Graphic representation of 2D images of fluctuating electron temperatures in a cross-section of a confined fusion plasma. Graphic representation of 2D images of fluctuating electron temperatures in a cross-section of a confined fusion plasma. A key issue for the development of fusion energy to generate electricity is the ability to confine the superhot, charged plasma gas that fuels fusion reactions in magnetic devices called tokamaks. This gas is subject to instabilities that cause it to leak from the magnetic fields and halt fusion reactions. Now a recently developed imaging technique can help researchers improve

64

Improve Boiler System Operations- Application of Statistical Process Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Utilities Department provides utility services to Monsanto and Cain Chemical Company production units at Chocolate Bayou. Over two years ago the department recognized that a significant reduction in waste and rework could be achieved by improving steam boiler and boiler feedwater system operations. The processes were experiencing high maintenance cost due to metering pump and analyzer failures, equipment failures and fouling due to poor control of chemical treatment, and steam vent losses due to unproven system reliability. The team used statistical process control to prevent overadjustment of the process, identified special causes, interviewed customers and applied the ten steps to quality improvement. Results include a six-fold reduction in process variability, $2.3 million/year cost reduction, and improved reliability and customer relations.

Scarr, D.; Shea, D.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Control of attendance applied in higher education through mobile NFC technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an improved attendance control system, required for continuous evaluation which has become compulsory following the Bologna Process. It provides a solution based on NFC technology and is based on a real project developed and pilot ... Keywords: Check-in, Class attendance, EHEA, NFC, Presence control, QR codes, Roll call, Tap & Go

Marcos J. LóPez FernáNdez; Jorge GuzóN FernáNdez; Sergio RíOs Aguilar; Blanca Salazar Selvi; RubéN GonzáLez Crespo

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Investigation of Adaptive Control Techniques for Improved Fuel Flexibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, EPRI has been studying the role of enhanced instrumentation and control (I&C) systems in improving operational flexibility for fossil-fueled power plants. One method of improving operational flexibility is by reducing plant operating costs. For coal-fired plants, the cost of fuel represents about 75% of the total operating costs, so obtaining lower priced fuel is often a major objective. Unlike many fuels, all coals are not the same and their differences can have significant impacts on a...

2007-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

67

Enhanced IGCC regulatory control and coordinated plant-wide control strategies for improving power ramp rates  

SciTech Connect

As part of ongoing R&D activities at the National Energy Technology Laboratory’s (NETL) Advanced Virtual Energy Simulation Training & Research (AVESTAR™) Center, this paper highlights strategies for enhancing low-level regulatory control and system-wide coordinated control strategies implemented in a high-fidelity dynamic simulator for an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plant with carbon capture. The underlying IGCC plant dynamic model contains 20 major process areas, each of which is tightly integrated with the rest of the power plant, making individual functionally-independent processes prone to routine disturbances. Single-loop feedback control although adequate to meet the primary control objective for most processes, does not take into account in advance the effect of these disturbances, making the entire power plant undergo large offshoots and/or oscillations before the feedback action has an opportunity to impact control performance. In this paper, controller enhancements ranging from retuning feedback control loops, multiplicative feed-forward control and other control techniques such as split-range control, feedback trim and dynamic compensation, applicable on various subsections of the integrated IGCC plant, have been highlighted and improvements in control responses have been given. Compared to using classical feedback-based control structure, the enhanced IGCC regulatory control architecture reduces plant settling time and peak offshoots, achieves faster disturbance rejection, and promotes higher power ramp-rates. In addition, improvements in IGCC coordinated plant-wide control strategies for “Gasifier-Lead”, “GT-Lead” and “Plantwide” operation modes have been proposed and their responses compared. The paper is concluded with a brief discussion on the potential IGCC controller improvements resulting from using advanced process control, including model predictive control (MPC), as a supervisory control layer.

Mahapatra, P.; Zitney, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Plasma Aerodynamic Control Effectors for Improved Wind Turbine Performance  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Orbital Research Inc is developing an innovative Plasma Aerodynamic Control Effectors (PACE) technology for improved performance of wind turbines. The PACE system is aimed towards the design of "smart" rotor blades to enhance energy capture and reduce aerodynamic loading and noise using flow-control. The PACE system will provide ability to change aerodynamic loads and pitch distribution across the wind turbine blade without any moving surfaces. Additional benefits of the PACE system include reduced blade structure weight and complexity that should translate into a substantially reduced initial cost. During the Phase I program, the ORI-UND Team demonstrated (proof-of-concept) performance improvements on select rotor blade designs using PACE concepts. Control of both 2-D and 3-D flows were demonstrated. An analytical study was conducted to estimate control requirements for the PACE system to maintain control during wind gusts. Finally, independent laboratory experiments were conducted to identify promising dielectric materials for the plasma actuator, and to examine environmental effects (water and dust) on the plasma actuator operation. The proposed PACE system will be capable of capturing additional energy, and reducing aerodynamic loading and noise on wind turbines. Supplementary benefits from the PACE system include reduced blade structure weight and complexity that translates into reduced initial capital costs.

Mehul P. Patel; Srikanth Vasudevan; Robert C. Nelson; Thomas C. Corke

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Hanford regulated laundry: inventory control and production improvement study  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to assist the Hanford regulated laundry facility in reducing processing costs and in improving facility performance. Specific problem areas addressed were: no method for determining optimum manpower requirements, resulting in excessive amounts of employee overtime; no buffer inventory available to offset demand peaks, resulting in additional employee overtime and unmet demand; lack of adequate inventory control, resulting in unnecessary inventory costs; and no detailed analysis of the impact of 100% monitoring.

Hostick, C.J.; Imhoff, C.H.; Levine, L.O.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The Mobil Integrated C{sup 3} (command control and communications) and Security System  

SciTech Connect

The current political and economic situations suggest that significant reductions of nuclear forces outside the US will continue. This implies that in times of crisis the rapid deployment of nuclear weapons into a theater may be required. This paper describes a proposed Mobile Integrated C{sup 3} and Security System (MICSS). The MICSS, together with associated personnel, could satisfy the command and control and security requirements of a deployed nuclear operation. Rapid deployment poses unique nuclear weapon surety difficulties that must be overcome for the operation to be effective and survivable. The MICSS must be portable, reliable, limited in size, and easily emplaced to facilitate movement, reduce the possibility of detection, and minimize manpower requirements. The MICSS will be based on existing technology. Sandia has designed prototype mobile command centers for the military. These command centers are based on an approach that stresses modularity, standards, and the use of an open architecture. Radio, telephone, satellite communications, communication security, and global positioning system equipment has been successfully integrated into the command centers. Sandia is also supporting the development of portable security systems for the military. These systems are rapidly deployable and mission flexible and are capable of intrusion detection, area and alarm display, night assessment, and wireless sensor communications. This paper is organized as follows: Background information about the prototype mobile command centers will be presented first. Background information about portable security systems concepts will then be given. Next, an integrated communications and security system will be presented, and finally, the design and status of a prototype MICSS will be described.

Eras, A.; Brown, R.D.

1993-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

Rough Terrain Autonomous Mobility—Part 2: An Active Vision, Predictive Control Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Off-road autonomous navigation is one of the most difficult automation challenges from the point of view of constraints on mobility, speed of motion, lack of environmental structure, density of hazards, and typical lack of prior information. ... Keywords: autonomous vehicles, goal-seeking, mobile robots, obstacle avoidance, requirements analysis, rough terrain mobility, terrain mapping, trajectory generation

Alonzo Kelly; Anthony Stentz

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

DASHBOARDS & CONTROL CHARTS EXPERIENCES IN IMPROVING SAFETY AT HANFORD WASHINGTON  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the integration of safety methodology, quality tools, leadership, and teamwork at Hanford and their significant positive impact on safe performance of work. Dashboards, Leading Indicators, Control charts, Pareto Charts, Dr. W. Edward Deming's Red Bead Experiment, and Dr. Deming's System of Profound Knowledge have been the principal tools and theory of an integrated management system. Coupled with involved leadership and teamwork, they have led to significant improvements in worker safety and protection, and environmental restoration at one of the nation's largest nuclear cleanup sites.

PREVETTE, S.S.

2006-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

73

Improved Controls for Fusion RF Systems - Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

We have addressed the specific requirements for the integrated systems controlling an array of klystrons used for Lower Hybrid Current Drive (LHCD). The immediate goal for our design was to modernize the transmitter protection system (TPS) for LHCD on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak at the MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center (MIT-PSFC). Working with the Alcator C-Mod team, we have upgraded the design of these controls to retrofit for improvements in performance and safety, as well as to facilitate the upcoming expansion from 12 to 16 klystrons. The longer range goals to generalize the designs in such a way that they will be of benefit to other programs within the international fusion effort was met by designing a system which was flexible enough to address all the MIT system requirements, and modular enough to adapt to a large variety of other requirements with minimal reconfiguration.

Jeffrey A. Casey (President, Rockfield Research Inc.)

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

74

Converging Redundant Sensor Network Information for Improved Building Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project investigated the development and application of sensor networks to enhance building energy management and security. Commercial, industrial and residential buildings often incorporate systems used to determine occupancy, but current sensor technology and control algorithms limit the effectiveness of these systems. For example, most of these systems rely on single monitoring points to detect occupancy, when more than one monitoring point could improve system performance. Phase I of the project focused on instrumentation and data collection. During the initial project phase, a new occupancy detection system was developed, commissioned and installed in a sample of private offices and open-plan office workstations. Data acquisition systems were developed and deployed to collect data on space occupancy profiles. Phase II of the project demonstrated that a network of several sensors provides a more accurate measure of occupancy than is possible using systems based on single monitoring points. This phase also established that analysis algorithms could be applied to the sensor network data stream to improve the accuracy of system performance in energy management and security applications. In Phase III of the project, the sensor network from Phase I was complemented by a control strategy developed based on the results from the first two project phases: this controller was implemented in a small sample of work areas, and applied to lighting control. Two additional technologies were developed in the course of completing the project. A prototype web-based display that portrays the current status of each detector in a sensor network monitoring building occupancy was designed and implemented. A new capability that enables occupancy sensors in a sensor network to dynamically set the 'time delay' interval based on ongoing occupant behavior in the space was also designed and implemented.

Dale Tiller; D. Phil; Gregor Henze; Xin Guo

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

75

Cyclone Boiler Reburn NOx Control Improvements via Cyclone Design Improvements and Advanced Air Staging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Eastman Kodak owns three Babcock & Wilcox coal fired cyclone boilers and one Combustion Engineering pulverized coal boiler located at Kodak Park in Rochester, New York. Duke Energy Generation Services (DEGS) operates and maintains the steam and electric generation equipment for Kodak and has primary responsibility for related capital project development and execution. The Kodak plant is capable of generating approximately 1,900,000 pounds of steam and 130 MW’s of electrical power. To achieve the required level of NOx control, Kodak chose The Babcock & Wilcox (B&W) Company's, Natural Gas Reburn technology for the three cyclone boilers. The relatively low capital cost of the system and reasonable cost of natural gas in the mid 1990’s made Natural Gas Reburn an economic fit for the RACT requirements of 0.60#’s/Mmbtu NOx. The run up in natural gas prices since 2002 has increased the cost of NOx removed from ~ $2000/ton to ~$5000/ton based on fuel expense alone. In an effort to curtail the cost of control, Duke Energy Generations Services and Kodak implemented a series of projects that integrated Cyclone Design Improvements and Advancements in Air Staging along with ESP inlet flue modifications that resulted in decreasing the Natural Gas required for NOx control ~ 40% from baseline levels saving the plant several million dollars per year in fuel expense. Significant improvements in opacity and filterable PM were also realized by these changes.

Morabito, B.; Nee, B.; Goff, V.; Maringo, G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Microsoft Word - Control_and_Fan_Improvements_in_CRAHs.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

07E 07E Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers Henry Coles and Steve Greenberg, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Corinne Vita, Vigilent Environmental Energy Technologies Division November 2012 DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe

77

Radiant energy receiver having improved coolant flow control means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved coolant flow control for use in radiant energy receivers of the type having parallel flow paths is disclosed. A coolant performs as a temperature dependent valve means, increasing flow in the warmer flow paths of the receiver, and impeding flow in the cooler paths of the receiver. The coolant has a negative temperature coefficient of viscosity which is high enough such that only an insignificant flow through the receiver is experienced at the minimum operating temperature of the receiver, and such that a maximum flow is experienced at the maximum operating temperature of the receiver. The valving is accomplished by changes in viscosity of the coolant in response to the coolant being heated and cooled. No remotely operated valves, comparators or the like are needed.

Hinterberger, H.

1980-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

78

Opportunistic media access control and routing for delay-tolerant mobile ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In delay-tolerant mobile ad hoc networks, motion of network nodes, network sparsity and sporadic density can cause a lack of guaranteed connectivity. These networks experience significant link delay and their routing protocols must take a store-and-forward ... Keywords: Cross-layer adaptation design, Delay-tolerant network, Mobile ad hoc network, Opportunistic routing, Vehicular ad hoc network

Liang Dong

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Fail safe controllable output improved version of the Electromechanical battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Mechanical means are provided to control the voltages induced in the windings of a generator/motor. In one embodiment, a lever is used to withdraw or insert the entire stator windings from the cavity where the rotating field exists. In another embodiment, voltage control and/or switching off of the output is achievable with a variable-coupling generator/motor. A stator is made up of two concentric layers of windings, with a larger number of turns on the inner layer of windings than the outer layer of windings. The windings are to be connected in series electrically, that is, their voltages add vectorially. The mechanical arrangement is such that one or both of the windings can be rotated with respect to the other winding about their common central axis. Another improved design for the stator assembly of electromechanical batteries provides knife switch contacts that are in electrical contact with the stator windings. The operation of this embodiment depends on the fact that an abnormally large torque will be exerted on the stator structure during any short-circuit condition.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Fail safe controllable output improved version of the electromechanical battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Mechanical means are provided to control the voltages induced in the windings of a generator/motor. In one embodiment, a lever is used to withdraw or insert the entire stator windings from the cavity where the rotating field exists. In another embodiment, voltage control and/or switching off of the output is achievable with a variable-coupling generator/motor. A stator is made up of two concentric layers of windings, with a larger number of turns on the inner layer of windings than the outer layer of windings. The windings are to be connected in series electrically, that is, their voltages add vectorially. The mechanical arrangement is such that one or both of the windings can be rotated with respect to the other winding about their common central axis. Another improved design for the stator assembly of electromechanical batteries provides knife switch contacts that are in electrical contact with the stator windings. The operation of this embodiment depends on the fact that an abnormally large torque will be exerted on the stator structure during any short-circuit condition. 4 figs.

Post, R.F.

1999-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Controller Design of Power Quality-Improving Appliances  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an innovative solution to power quality problems -- using power quality improving (PQI) appliances to reduce harmonic currents and improve the power factor in buildings.

Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Zhou, Ning; Lu, Ning

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Improvement of air handling unit control performance using reinforcement learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most common applications using neural networks for control problems are the automatic controls using the artificial perceptual function. These control mechanisms are similar to those of the intelligent and pattern recognition control of an adaptive method ...

Sangjo Youk; Moonseong Kim; Yangsok Kim; Gilcheol Park

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Engine Control Improvement through Application of Chaotic Time Series Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this program was to investigate cyclic variations in spark-ignition (SI) engines under lean fueling conditions and to develop options to reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) in compression-ignition direct-injection (CIDI) engines at high exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) rates. The CIDI activity builds upon an earlier collaboration between ORNL and Ford examining combustion instabilities in SI engines. Under the original CRADA, the principal objective was to understand the fundamental causes of combustion instability in spark-ignition engines operating with lean fueling. The results of this earlier activity demonstrated that such combustion instabilities are dominated by the effects of residual gas remaining in each cylinder from one cycle to the next. A very simple, low-order model was developed that explained the observed combustion instability as a noisy nonlinear dynamical process. The model concept lead to development of a real-time control strategy that could be employed to significantly reduce cyclic variations in real engines using existing sensors and engine control systems. This collaboration led to the issuance of a joint patent for spark-ignition engine control. After a few years, the CRADA was modified to focus more on EGR and CIDI engines. The modified CRADA examined relationships between EGR, combustion, and emissions in CIDI engines. Information from CIDI engine experiments, data analysis, and modeling were employed to identify and characterize new combustion regimes where it is possible to simultaneously achieve significant reductions in NOx and PM emissions. These results were also used to develop an on-line combustion diagnostic (virtual sensor) to make cycle-resolved combustion quality assessments for active feedback control. Extensive experiments on engines at Ford and ORNL led to the development of the virtual sensor concept that may be able to detect simultaneous reductions in NOx and PM emissions under low temperature combustion (LTC) regimes. An invention disclosure was submitted to ORNL for the virtual sensor under the CRADA. Industrial in-kind support was available throughout the project period. Review of the research results were carried out on a regular basis (annual reports and meetings) followed by suggestions for improvement in ongoing work and direction for future work. A significant portion of the industrial support was in the form of experimentation, data analysis, data exchange, and technical consultation.

Green, J.B., Jr.; Daw, C.S.

2003-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

84

Converging Redundant Sensor Network Information for Improved Building Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project is investigating the development and application of sensor networks to enhance building energy management and security. Commercial, industrial and residential buildings often incorporate systems used to determine occupancy, but current sensor technology and control algorithms limit the effectiveness of these systems. For example, most of these systems rely on single monitoring points to detect occupancy, when more than one monitoring point would improve system performance. Phase I of the project focused on instrumentation and data collection. In Phase I, a new occupancy detection system was developed, commissioned and installed in a sample of private offices and open-plan office workstations. Data acquisition systems were developed and deployed to collect data on space occupancy profiles. In phase II of the project, described in this report, we demonstrate that a network of several sensors provides a more accurate measure of occupancy than is possible using systems based on single monitoring points. We also establish that analysis algorithms can be applied to the sensor network data stream to improve the accuracy of system performance in energy management and security applications, and show that it may be possible to use sensor network pulse rate to distinguish the number of occupants in a space. Finally, in this phase of the project we also developed a prototype web-based display that portrays the current status of each detector in a sensor network monitoring building occupancy. This basic capability will be extended in the future by applying an algorithm-based inference to the sensor network data stream, so that the web page displays the likelihood that each monitored office or area is occupied, as a supplement to the actual status of each sensor.

Dale K. Tiller; Gregor P. Henze

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Sugeno predictive neuro-fuzzy controller for improving dynamic performance of control systems of nonlinear plants under uncertainties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim is to develop simple Sugeno neuro-fuzzy predictive controller to improve the dynamic performance of control systems of nonlinear plants under uncertainties. The controller is designed by ANFIS of MATLAB and is successfully applied for the control ... Keywords: ANFIS, MATLAB, Sugeno neuro-fuzzy controller, anaerobic digestion of organic waste in waters, prediction, simulation

Snejana Yordanova; Rusanka Petrova; Valeri Mladenov

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Operating standby redundant controller to improve voltage source inverter reliability .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a control architecture that achieves operating standby redundancy for a voltage source inverter controller. The system was designed to increase reliability by… (more)

Blevins, Stephen T.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Advanced technologies for improving high frequency performance of AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we have used a combination of physical analysis, numerical simulation and experimental work to identify and overcome some of the main challenges in AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) for ...

Chung, Jinwook W. (Jinwook Will)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Trading in risk: using markets to improve access control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the increasing need to securely share information, current access control systems are proving too in flexible and difficult to adapt. Recent work on risk-based access control systems has shown promise at resolving the inadequacies of traditional ... Keywords: market, risk, risk-based access control

Ian Molloy; Pau-Chen Cheng; Pankaj Rohatgi

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Optimizing HVAC Control to Improve Building Comfort and Energy Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates the benefits of optimal control in well-designed and operated buildings using a case study. The case study building was built in 2001. The HVAC and control systems have been installed with state-of-the-art equipment which include a terminal box temperature integrated minimum airflow reset. The building has been used and operated based on the design intents. This paper presents both the existing and the optimal control schedules, which include the VAV box operation schedule, AHUs optimal control, chiller and chilled water pump control, and boiler and hot water pump control. The measured hourly HVAC electricity consumption shows that annual savings of up to 40% can be achieved with an optimal control schedule.

Song, L.; Joo, I.; Dong, D.; Liu, M.; Wang, J.; Hansen, K.; Quiroz, L.; Swiatek, A.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Tandem mobile robot system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A robotic vehicle system for terrain navigation mobility provides a way to climb stairs, cross crevices, and navigate across difficult terrain by coupling two or more mobile robots with a coupling device and controlling the robots cooperatively in tandem.

Buttz, James H. (Albuquerque, NM); Shirey, David L. (Albuquerque, NM); Hayward, David R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

A neural network control strategy for improved energy capture on a variable-speed wind turbine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pitch control has so far been the dominating method for power control in modern variable speed wind turbines. This paper proposes an improved control technique for pitching the blades of a variable speed wind turbine, using Artificial Neural Networks ... Keywords: artificial neural networks, control trajectories, pitch control, variable-speed wind turbines

António F. Silva; Fernando A. Castro; José N. Fidalgo

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Winding Control Improvement of Drive Motor for Hybrid Electric ...  

This invention uses winding connection control and bidirectional on/off switches to supply reasonable level voltage to a motor without a booster. This invention also ...

93

Requirements for mobile photoware  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

What is the future of digital imaging? Mobile imaging technologies have been changing rapidly and will continue to do so. We explore new developments in cameraphone photography with the goal of improving the design of the next generation of mobile imaging ... Keywords: Cameraphones, Imaging, Mobile phones, Photo sharing, Photography, Photoware

Morgan Ames; Dean Eckles; Mor Naaman; Mirjana Spasojevic; Nancy House

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

IMPROVEMENTS TO THE CRYOGENIC CONTROL SYSTEM ON DIII-D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

OAK-B135 The cryogenic facility that is part of the DIII-D tokamak system supplies liquid nitrogen and liquid helium to the superconducting magnets used for electron cyclotron heating, the D{sub 2} pellet injection system, cryopumps in the DIII-D vessel, and cryopanels in the neutral beam injection system. The liquid helium is liquefied on site using a Sulzer liquefier that has a 150 l/h liquefaction rate. Control of the cryogenic facility at DIII-D was initially accomplished through the use of three different programmable logic controllers (PLCs). Recently, two of those three PLCs, a Sattcon PLC controlling the Sulzer liquefier and a Westinghouse PLC, were removed and all their control logic was merged into the remaining PLC, a Siemens T1555. This replacement was originally undertaken because the removed PLCs were obsolete and unsupported. However, there have been additional benefits from the replacement. The replacement of the RS-232 serial links between the graphical user interface and the PLCs with a high speed Ethernet link allows for real-time display and historical trending of nearly all the cryosystem's data. this has greatly increased the ability to troubleshoot problems with the system, and has permitted optimization of the cryogenic system's performance because of the increased system integration. To move the control logic of the Sattcon control loops into the T1555, an extensive modification of the basic PID control was required. These modifications allow for better control of the control loops and are now being incorporated in other control loops in the system.

HOLTROP,K.L; ANDERSON,P.M; MAUZEY,P.S

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Improvement of SOFC Electrodes through Catalyst Infiltration & Control of Cr Volatilization from FeCr Components  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation discusses the improvement of SOFC electrodes through catalyst infiltration and control of Cr volatilization from FeCr components.

Visco, S.J.; Jacobson, C.; Kurokawa, H.; Sholklapper, T.; Lu, C.; De Jonghe, L.

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

96

Improved Design of Nuclear Reactor Control System | U.S. DOE...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Improved Design of Nuclear Reactor Control System Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Spinoff Applications Spinoff Archives...

97

The Control Strategy Based on Improved Droop Method of Microgrid-Connected Inverters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A control strategy of inverters is proposed based on the control requirements of the distributed power sources in the microgrid, which realizes the seamless transition between the grid-connected mode and islanding mode. When the microgrid is connected ... Keywords: improved droop method, tranditional droop method, PQ control, V/f control

Sha Tian; Xiangqian Tong; Biying Ren

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

PH Sensitive Polymers for Improving Reservoir Sweep and Conformance Control in Chemical Flooring  

SciTech Connect

There is an increasing opportunity to recover bypassed oil from depleted, mature oilfields in the US. The recovery factor in many reservoirs is low due to inefficient displacement of the oil by injected fluids (typically water). The use of chemical flooding methods to increase recovery efficiencies is severely constrained by the inability of the injected chemicals to contact the bypassed oil. Low sweep efficiencies are the primary cause of low oil recoveries observed in the field in chemical flooding operations even when lab studies indicate high oil recovery efficiency. Any technology that increases the ability of chemical flooding agents to better contact the remaining oil and reduce the amount of water produced in conjunction with the produced oil will have a significant impact on the cost of producing oil domestically in the US. This translates directly into additional economically recoverable reserves, which extends the economic lives of marginal and mature wells. The objective of this research project was to develop a low-cost, pH-triggered polymer for use in IOR processes to improve reservoir sweep efficiency and reservoir conformance in chemical flooding. Rheological measurements made on the polymer solution, clearly show that it has a low viscosity at low pH and exhibits a sudden increase in viscosity (by 2 orders of magnitude or more) at a pH of 3.5 to 4. This implies that the polymer would preferentially flow into zones containing water since the effective permeability to water is highest in these zones. As the pH of the zone increases due to the buffering capacity of the reservoir rock, the polymer solution undergoes a liquid to gel transition causing a sharp increase in the viscosity of the polymer solution in these zones. This allows operationally robust, in-depth conformance treatment of such water bearing zones and better mobility control. The rheological properties of HPAM solutions were measured. These include: steady-shear viscosity and viscoelastic behavior as functions of pH; shear rate; polymer concentration; salinity, including divalent ion effects; polymer molecular weight; and degree of hydrolysis. A comprehensive rheological model was developed for HPAM solution rheology in terms of: shear rate; pH; polymer concentration; and salinity, so that the spatial and temporal changes in viscosity during the polymer flow in the reservoir can be accurately modeled. A series of acid coreflood experiments were conducted to understand the geochemical reactions relevant for both the near-wellbore injection profile control and for conformance control applications. These experiments showed that the use hydrochloric acid as a pre-flush is not viable because of the high reaction rate with the rock. The use of citric acid as a pre-flush was found to be quite effective. This weak acid has a slow rate of reaction with the rock and can buffer the pH to below 3.5 for extended periods of time. With the citric acid pre-flush the polymer could be efficiently propagated through the core in a low pH environment i.e. at a low viscosity. The transport of various HPAM solutions was studied in sandstones, in terms of permeability reduction, mobility reduction, adsorption and inaccessible pore volume with different process variables: injection pH, polymer concentration, polymer molecular weight, salinity, degree of hydrolysis, and flow rate. Measurements of polymer effluent profiles and tracer tests show that the polymer retention increases at the lower pH. A new simulation capability to model the deep-penetrating mobility control or conformance control using pH-sensitive polymer was developed. The core flood acid injection experiments were history matched to estimate geochemical reaction rates. Preliminary scale-up simulations employing linear and radial geometry floods in 2-layer reservoir models were conducted. It is clearly shown that the injection rate of pH-sensitive polymer solutions can be significantly increased by injecting it at a pH below 3.5 (at a fixed bottom-hole pressure). This improvement in injectivity by a fa

Mukul Sharma; Steven Bryant; Chun Huh

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

99

Poincaré-based control of delayed measured systems: Limitations and Improved Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a chaotic system is to be stabilized to a unstable orbit, delayed measurement of the system limits the applicability of chaos control techniqes. These limitations are analyzed and control schemes as linear predictive logging control (LPLC) and memory difference control (MDC) are introduced which can overcome those limitations for chaos control schemes that act in the Poincar\\'{e} section as Ott-Grebogi-Yorke (OGY) control and Bielawski-Derozier_Glorieux control (difference control).

Jens Christian Claussen

2007-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

100

Roles of Naturally Occurring Bacteria in Controlling Iodine-129 Mobility in Subsurface Soils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

129I is of major concern because of its biophilic nature, excessive inventory, long half-life (~16 million yrs), and high mobility in the natural environment that depends on its chemical speciation. Iodide (I-) has the highest mobility than iodate (IO3-) and is the predominant species in the terrestrial environment due to prevailing pH and Eh conditions. In order to transform I- to less mobile organo-iodine (OI), strong oxidants are necessary to activate the first electron transfer step from I- to reactive intermediates. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of naturally occurring aerobic bacteria isolated from an 129I contaminated aquifer (F-area of the Savannah River Site, SC) on I- oxidation and OI formation. It was demonstrated that 3 of 136 strains accumulated I- (0.2~2%) in the presence of H2O2, when incubated in the presence of an environmentally relevant concentration of I- (0.1 microM). The accumulation was likely through electrophilic substitution resulting in the iodination of cellular constituents. The results indicated that culturable I--accumulating bacteria are not directly responsible for the high fraction of oxidized iodine species (IO3- and OI, >50% of total I) present in the SRS F-area. Several bacterial strains were found to be capable of stimulating I- oxidation through excretion of oxidants and enzymes. Organic acids in spent liquid medium from 27 of 84 aerobic bacterial cultures enhanced H2O2-dependent I- oxidation 2-10 fold. Organic acids enhanced I- oxidation by (1) lowering the pH of the spent medium and (2) reacting with H2O2 to form peroxy carboxylic acids, which are strong oxidizing agents. In the absence of H2O2, spent medium from 44 of 84 bacteria cultures showed I- oxidizing capacities. One I- oxidizing bacterium was studied to characterize its extracellular I- oxidizing component(s). The I- oxidizing capability from the spent medium was inactive by treatments with heat and H2O2 and absent under anaerobic conditions. Conversely, NADH, NADPH and FMN additions stimulated I- oxidation in the spend medium. These results indicate an oxidase(s) catalyzed I- oxidation. Understanding the bacterial activities involved with I- oxidation and OI formation is expected to help reduce 129I mobility in water-soil systems.

Li, Hsiu-Ping

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Advanced regulatory control and coordinated plant-wide control strategies for IGCC targeted towards improving power ramp-rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of ongoing R&D activities at the National Energy Technology Laboratory's (NETL) Advanced Virtual Energy Simulation Training & Research (AVESTAR™) Center, this paper highlights strategies for enhancing low-level regulatory control and system-wide coordinated control strategies implemented in a high-fidelity dynamic simulator for an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plant with carbon capture. The underlying IGCC plant dynamic model contains 20 major process areas, each of which is tightly integrated with the rest of the power plant, making individual functionally-independent processes prone to routine disturbances. Single-loop feedback control although adequate to meet the primary control objective for most processes, does not take into account in advance the effect of these disturbances, making the entire power plant undergo large offshoots and/or oscillations before the feedback action has an opportunity to impact control performance. In this paper, controller enhancements ranging from retuning feedback control loops, multiplicative feed-forward control and other control techniques such as split-range control, feedback trim and dynamic compensation, applicable on various subsections of the integrated IGCC plant, have been highlighted and improvements in control responses have been given. Compared to using classical feedback-based control structure, the enhanced IGCC regulatory control architecture reduces plant settling time and peak offshoots, achieves faster disturbance rejection, and promotes higher power ramp-rates. In addition, improvements in IGCC coordinated plant-wide control strategies for “Gasifier-Lead”, “GT-Lead” and “Plantwide” operation modes have been proposed and their responses compared. The paper is concluded with a brief discussion on the potential IGCC controller improvements resulting from using advanced process control, including model predictive control (MPC), as a supervisory control layer.

Mahapatra, P.; Zitney, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

CONVERGING REDUNDANT SENSOR NETWORK INFORMATION FOR IMPROVED BUILDING CONTROL  

SciTech Connect

Knowing how many people occupy a building, and where they are located, is a key component of building energy management and security. Commercial, industrial and residential buildings often incorporate systems used to determine occupancy, however, current sensor technology and control algorithms limit the effectiveness of both energy management and security systems. This topical report describes results from the first phase of a project to design, implement, validate, and prototype new technologies to monitor occupancy, control indoor environment services, and promote security in buildings. Phase I of the project focused on instrumentation and data collection. In this project phase a new occupancy detection system was developed, commissioned and installed in a sample of private offices and open-plan office workstations. Data acquisition systems were developed and deployed to collect data on space occupancy profiles. Analysis tools based on Bayesian probability theory were applied to the occupancy data generated by the sensor network. The inference of primary importance is a probability distribution over the number of occupants and their locations in a building, given past and present sensor measurements. Inferences were computed for occupancy and its temporal persistence in individual offices as well as the persistence of sensor status. The raw sensor data were also used to calibrate the sensor belief network, including the occupancy transition matrix used in the Markov model, sensor sensitivity, and sensor failure models. This study shows that the belief network framework can be applied to the analysis of data streams from sensor networks, offering significant benefits to building operation compared to current practice.

Dale K. Tiller; Gregor P. Henze

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Development of A Cryogenic Drift Cell Spectrometer and Methods for Improving the Analytical Figures of Merit for Ion Mobility-Mass Spectrometry Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A cryogenic (325-80 K) ion mobility-mass spectrometer was designed and constructed in order to improve the analytical figures-of-merit for the chemical analysis of small mass analytes using ion mobility-mass spectrometry. The instrument incorporates an electron ionization source, a quadrupole mass spectrometer, a uniform field drift cell spectrometer encased in a cryogenic envelope, and an orthogonal geometry time-of-flight mass spectrometer. The analytical benefits of low temperature ion mobility are discussed in terms of enhanced separation ability, ion selectivity and sensitivity. The distinction between resolving power and resolution for ion mobility is also discussed. Detailed experimental designs and rationales are provided for each instrument component. Tuning and calibration data and methods are also provided for the technique. Proof-of-concept experiments for an array of analytes including rare gases (argon, krypton, xenon), hydrocarbons (acetone, ethylene glycol, methanol), and halides (carbon tetrachloride) are provided in order to demonstrate the advantages and limitations of the instrument for obtaining analytically useful information. Trendline partitioning of small analyte ions based on chemical composition is demonstrated as a novel chemical analysis method. The utility of mobility-mass analysis for mass selected ions is also demonstrated, particularly for probing the ion chemistry which occurs in the drift tube for small mass ions. As a final demonstration of the separation abilities of the instrument, the electronic states of chromium and titanium (ground and excited) are separated with low temperature. The transition metal electronic state separations demonstrated here are at the highest resolution ever obtained for ion mobility methods. The electronic conformational mass isomers of methanol (conventional and distonic) are also partially separated at low temperature. Various drift gases (helium, neon, and argon) are explored for the methanol system in order to probe stronger ion-neutral interaction potentials and effectuate higher resolution separations of the two isomeric ions. Finally, two versatile ion source designs and a method for axially focusing ions at low pressure (1-10 torr) using electrostatic fields is presented along with some preliminary work on the ion sources.

May, Jody C.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Intelligent control aeration and external carbon addition for improving nitrogen removal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuzzy logic can in several ways be applied to improve the control of the activated sludge system. In this paper, fuzzy logic based control strategies for external carbon flow in the anoxic zone and dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in the aerobic zone ... Keywords: Energy saving, External carbon addition, Fuzzy control, Nitrogen removal, Predenitrification process

M. Yong; P. Yong-zhen; W. Xiao-lian; W. Shu-ying

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Neural network predictive control of UPFC for improving transient stability performance of power system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a neural network predictive controller for the UPFC to improve the transient stability performance of the power system. A neural network model for the power system is trained using the backpropagation learning method employing the ... Keywords: Identification, Neural networks, Power system transient stability, Predictive control, Unified power flow controller (UPFC)

Sheela Tiwari; Ram Naresh; R. Jha

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Control Improvement for Jump-Diffusion Processes with Applications to Finance  

SciTech Connect

We consider stochastic control problems with jump-diffusion processes and formulate an algorithm which produces, starting from a given admissible control {pi}, a new control with a better value. If no improvement is possible, then {pi} is optimal. Such an algorithm is well-known for discrete-time Markov Decision Problems under the name Howard's policy improvement algorithm. The idea can be traced back to Bellman. Here we show with the help of martingale techniques that such an algorithm can also be formulated for stochastic control problems with jump-diffusion processes. As an application we derive some interesting results in financial portfolio optimization.

Baeuerle, Nicole, E-mail: nicole.baeuerle@kit.edu [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Stochastics (Germany); Rieder, Ulrich, E-mail: ulrich.rieder@uni-ulm.de [University of Ulm, Department of Optimization and Operations Research (Germany)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

107

Reduction of Middle-Atmospheric Forecast Bias through Improvement in Satellite Radiance Quality Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article discusses a practical problem faced in operational atmospheric forecasting and data assimilation, and efforts to improve forecast quality through the choice of quality control parameters. The need to utilize as much data as possible ...

Young-Joon Kim; William F. Campbell; Steven D. Swadley

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

A Parallel Architecture for Network Control and Mobility Tracking in Wireless Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a wireless system the network logically rearranges itself rapidly whenever terminals move from cell to cell. This ability to adapt itself to changing locations of its terminals adds a new layer of complexity to wireless control software. With ...

Abhaya Asthana; Paul Krzyzanowski

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Distributed Battery Control to Improve Peak Power Shaving Efficiency in Data Centers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distributed Battery Control to Improve Peak Power Shaving Efficiency in Data Centers Baris Aksanli, Eddie Pettis and Tajana S. Rosing UCSD, Google Stored energy in batteries can be used to cap peak power.8% 99% 91.5% 84% Battery Configuration StudyBattery Configuration Study Goal: Improve the overall

Simunic, Tajana

110

Improving the effectiveness of monitoring and control systems exploiting knowledge-based approaches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper illustrates how the adoption of techniques typical of artificial intelligence (AI) could improve the performance of monitoring and control systems (MCSs). Traditional MCSs are designed according to a three-level architectural pattern in which ... Keywords: Agent-based model, Automotive systems, Correlation agency, Monitoring and control systems, ST-logic

Stefania Bandini; Fabio Sartori

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Improved Design of Nuclear Reactor Control System | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Improved Design of Nuclear Reactor Improved Design of Nuclear Reactor Control System Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Spinoff Applications Spinoff Archives SBIR/STTR Applications of Nuclear Science and Technology Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: sc.np@science.doe.gov More Information » Spinoff Archives Improved Design of Nuclear Reactor Control System Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Application/instrumentation: Improved Design of Nuclear Reactor Control System Developed at: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF)

112

Improving Building Comfort and Energy Savings of the McKenzie Airport Terminal by Maintaining and Improving Pneumatic Control Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

McKenzie Airport Terminal is located at Easterwood Airport, which is owned and operated by Texas A&M University. It was built in 1988. Most all HVAC equipment, which includes boiler, chiller, pumps, AHUs and exhaust fans, due to lack of maintenance, had some form of deteriorated controls, components, and operational function. For example, most of pneumatic controls were failed due to bad components, wrong settings, and disconnection before the Continuous CommissioningR (CCSM). This caused humid and hot problems of the building, and wasted energy. After maintaining and improving the pneumatic controls, the boiler and hot water pump is now turned off when outside air temperature is higher than 80°F. The chiller is now shut off when the outside air temperature is below 55 °F, and the economizers activate to maintain discharge air temperature when the outside air temperature is below 60 °F. The building comfort in temperature and relative humidity (RH) is improved after CCSM. For example, average space temperature of the building was above 75 °F most of the time before CCSM and is now 73 °F after CCSM. The relative humidity in the baggage claim area was 70% before CCSM and is now 55% after CCSM. The annual savings of electricity for chiller and natural gas for boiler are $5,040 and $12,090 respectively. The total annual energy savings are $17,130.

Liu, C.; Bruner, H. L.; Deng, S.; Brundidge, T.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Improving Control System Cyber-State Awareness using Known Secure Sensor Measurements  

SciTech Connect

Abstract—This paper presents design and simulation of a low cost and low false alarm rate method for improved cyber-state awareness of critical control systems - the Known Secure Sensor Measurements (KSSM) method. The KSSM concept relies on physical measurements to detect malicious falsification of the control systems state. The KSSM method can be incrementally integrated with already installed control systems for enhanced resilience. This paper reviews the previously developed theoretical KSSM concept and then describes a simulation of the KSSM system. A simulated control system network is integrated with the KSSM components. The effectiveness of detection of various intrusion scenarios is demonstrated on several control system network topologies.

Ondrej Linda; Milos Manic; Miles McQueen

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Distributed Hierarchical Control of Multi-Area Power Systems with Improved Primary Frequency Regulation  

SciTech Connect

The conventional distributed hierarchical control architecture for multi-area power systems is revisited. In this paper, a new distributed hierarchical control architecture is proposed. In the proposed architecture, pilot generators are selected in each area to be equipped with decentralized robust control as a supplementary to the conventional droop speed control. With the improved primary frequency control, the system frequency can be restored to the nominal value without the help of secondary frequency control, which reduces the burden of the automatic generation control for frequency restoration. Moreover, the low frequency inter-area electromechanical oscillations can also be effectively damped. The effectiveness of the proposed distributed hierarchical control architecture is validated through detailed simulations.

Lian, Jianming; Marinovici, Laurentiu D.; Kalsi, Karanjit; Du, Pengwei; Elizondo, Marcelo A.

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

115

Improved Power Control in the Palm of Your Hand | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improved Power Control in the Palm of Your Hand Improved Power Control in the Palm of Your Hand Improved Power Control in the Palm of Your Hand November 7, 2011 - 2:11pm Addthis Silicon carbide thyristors, developed through a partnership between the Energy Department's Sandia National Lab and GeneSiC Semiconductor, are key to utility-scale power conversion. Learn more about this technology, which won a 2011 R&D 100 award. Dr. Imre Gyuk Dr. Imre Gyuk Energy Storage Program Manager, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability How does it work? The GeneSic thyristor -- an electronic switch -- is based on on silicon carbide (SiC), which can operate at much higher temperatures than silicon. This allows the device to handle 10 times the voltage, and switch 100 times faster, than its silicon-based competition.

116

HVDC Control Strategies to Improve Transient Stability in Interconnected Power Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents three HVDC modulation strategies to improve transient stability in an interconnected power system. AC variables such as rotor speeds, voltage phasors, and tieline power flows are used as input to the controller that modifies the power flow settings through the HVDC-links. The proposed techniques are tested on the IEEE 24-Bus reliability test system and critical clearing times obtained for several contingencies are analyzed. The paper shows that HVDC modulation can lead to substantial improvement in transient stability.

J. Hazra; Y. Phulpin; D. Ernst

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

SelfMotion: A Declarative Approach for Adaptive Service-Oriented Mobile Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on mobile devices. This explains the growing demand for high quality software for such devices. To improve devices, mobile applications need to be as adaptive as possible. However, mainstream adaptation strategies are usually defined imperatively and require complex control strategies strongly intertwined

Cugola, Gianpaolo

118

Improving Control of a Dual-Duct Single-Fan Variable Air Volume Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses improved control strategies for dual-duct single-fan variable air volume (VAV) systems. Common control strategy for supply air volume modulation is evaluated, and an improved air volume control strategy that maintains separate cold and hot air duct static pressure set points is presented. The paper also explores the interactions between the cold and hot deck temperatures and duct static pressures, and discusses the impact of non-ideal deck temperature settings on duct static pressures and overall system energy consumption. To compensate the negative impact of non-ideal cold and hot deck temperature set points, the authors propose using real-time duct static pressure readings as feedback signals to fine-tune the deck temperature set points. These new control schemes can reduce simultaneous cooling and heating while reducing fan power consumption.

Wei, G.; Martinez, J.; Minihan, T.; Brundidge, T.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

A study on optimal configuration for the mobile manipulator: using weight value and mobility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Mobile Manipulator is redundant by itself. Using it’s redundant freedom, a mobile manipulator can perform various task. In this paper, to improve task execution efficiency utilizing the redundancy, optimal configurations of the mobile manipulator ... Keywords: gradient method, mobile robot, mobility, weight value

Jin-Gu Kang; Kwan-Houng Lee

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Improving CO2 Efficiency for Recovering Oil in Heterogeneous Reservoirs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The work strived to improve industry understanding of CO2 flooding mechanisms with the ultimate goal of economically recovering more of the U.S. oil reserves. The principle interests are in the related fields of mobility control and injectivity.

Grigg, Reid B.; Svec, Robert K.

2003-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Recent improvements to the DIII-D neutral beam instrumentation and control system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The DIII-D neutral beam (NB) instrumentation and control (I and C) system provides for operational control and synchronization of the eight DIII-D neutral beam injection systems, as well as for pertinent data acquisition and safety interlocking. Recently, improvements were made to the I and C system. With the replacement of the NB control computers, new signal interfacing was required to accommodate the elimination of physical operator panels, in favor of graphical user interface control pages on computer terminal screens. The program in the mode control (MC) programmable logic controller (PLC), which serves as a logic-processing interface between the NB control computers and system hardware, was modified to improve the availability of NB heating of DIII-D plasmas in the event that one or more individual beam systems suddenly become unavailable while preparing for a tokamak experimental shot sequences. An upgraded computer platform was adopted for the NB control system operator interface and new graphical user interface pages were developed to more efficiently display system status data. A failure mode of the armor tile infrared thermometers (pyrometers), which serve to terminate beam pulsing if beam shine-through overheats wall thermal shielding inside the DIII-D tokamak, was characterized such that impending failures can be detected and repairs effected to mitigate beam system down-time. The hardware that controls gas flow to the beamline neutralizer cells was upgraded to reduce susceptibility to electromagnetic interference (EMI), and interlocking was provided to terminate beam pulsing in the event of insufficient neutralizer gas flow. Motivation, implementation, and results of these improvements are presented.

Kellman, D.H.; Hong, R.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Mobile Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mobile Resources Mobile Resources Mobile Resources Have a mobile device? Find tips and information here. Questions? 505-667-5809 Email For information call the Service Desk at (505) 667-5809 or email mobilelibrary@lanl.gov The following resources are optimized for mobile devices or have mobile apps available for download. Resource Available App Mobile Website Available off Yellow Network with Pairing or Login Additional Information AACR Journals Apple Yes, the Journals are optimized for mobile viewing. Not the whole AACR site. Instructional pdf on pairing with voucher ACS Apple Android No American Institute of Physics Apple No American Mathematical Society No Yes Instructions for pairing mobile devices, tablets, laptops, etc. American Physical Society No Annual Reviews No Yes Instructions for pairing with mobile device available on website.

123

Improved age control on early Homo fossils from the upper Burgi Member at Koobi Fora, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. of Geology and Anthropology, Rutgers University, 610 Taylor Road, Piscataway NJ, USA e Dept. of Human, magnetostratigraphy, Olduvai chron, Pre-Olduvai event, strontium isotope ratios, precession, eccentricity, climate and strontium (Sr) isotope stratigraphy, to improve age control on hominin-bearing upper Burgi (UBU) deposits

124

Intelligent control for permanent magnet synchronous motor with improved particle swarm optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new intelligent controller for a permanent-magnet synchronous machine in a HEV (hybrid-electric vehicle) application. IPSO (Improved Particle Swarm Optimization) will be used to optimize three proportional parameters ka, ... Keywords: FLC, HEV, IPSO, PMSM, optimization, robustness

Song Zhengqiang; Hou Zhijian; Jiang Chuanwen

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Tackling the Improved Control of Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Research Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tackling the Improved Control of Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Research Update Tackling the Improved Control of Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Research Update Speaker(s): Peter May-Ostendorp Date: March 29, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: William Fisk (This presentation by Peter May-Ostendorp will begin with an introduction to building energy research at UC Boulder, by Prof. Gregor Henze.) Mixed-mode (MM) cooling is a promising building design strategy for low-energy cooling that incorporates natural ventilation alongside other forms of space conditioning. A properly designed system will intelligently switch between modes of cooling to maximize energy savings, while preserving occupant comfort. The near-optimal operation of MM buildings is explored through a model-predictive control (MPC) study using a purpose-built optimization environment coupled to EnergyPlus. Preliminary

126

Improved  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improved Improved cache performance in Monte Carlo transport calculations using energy banding A. Siegel a , K. Smith b , K. Felker c,∗ , P . Romano b , B. Forget b , P . Beckman c a Argonne National Laboratory, Theory and Computing Sciences and Nuclear Engineering Division b Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering c Argonne National Laboratory, Theory and Computing Sciences Abstract We present an energy banding algorithm for Monte Carlo (MC) neutral parti- cle transport simulations which depend on large cross section lookup tables. In MC codes, read-only cross section data tables are accessed frequently, ex- hibit poor locality, and are typically much too large to fit in fast memory. Thus, performance is often limited by long latencies to RAM, or by off-node communication latencies when the data footprint is very large and must be decomposed on

127

MBE growth of high electron mobility 2DEGs in AlGaN/GaN heterostructures controlled by RHEED  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have grown 2DEG AlGaN/GaN heterostructures by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) with electron mobilities up to 21500 cm{sup 2}V{sup -1}s{sup -1} at 2 K. In-situ RHEED was applied to optimize different aspects of Ga-rich growth. This paper gives a compact overview of the experimental key aspects that significantly affect the low temperature electron mobility in AlGaN/GaN heterostructures. Growth at the transition towards Ga droplet formation produced the best results. A quantitative analysis of the magnetoresistance confirmes scattering at dislocations as the dominant scattering process at low temperature.

Broxtermann, D.; Sivis, M.; Malindretos, J.; Rizzi, A. [IV. physikalisches Institut, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen (Germany)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Widgets mobility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Widgets are becoming a natural way to design small, intuitive application, and their usage is becoming widespread on both the desktop and the mobile world. However, most widgets systems are web-centric and cannot address service mobility or application ... Keywords: application communication, mobility, widget

Jean Le Feuvre; Cyril Concolato; Jean-Claude Dufourd

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Modeling and managing energy consumption of mobile devices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Thanks to the significant improvement in the processing and networking capabilities of mobile devices, mobile devices today can run applications that require complex computation and… (more)

Xiao, Yu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Microbiological, Geochemical and Hydrologic Processes Controlling Uranium Mobility: An Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge Site at Rifle, Colorado, Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is cleaning up and/or monitoring large, dilute plumes contaminated by metals, such as uranium and chromium, whose mobility and solubility change with redox status. Field-scale experiments with acetate as the electron donor have stimulated metal-reducing bacteria to effectively remove uranium [U(VI)] from groundwater at the Uranium Mill Tailings Site in Rifle, Colorado. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and a multidisciplinary team of national laboratory and academic collaborators has embarked on a research proposed for the Rifle site, the object of which is to gain a comprehensive and mechanistic understanding of the microbial factors and associated geochemistry controlling uranium mobility so that DOE can confidently remediate uranium plumes as well as support stewardship of uranium-contaminated sites. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Rifle Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge Project.

Fix, N. J.

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

131

The Control System for the Cryogenics in the LHC Tunnel [First Experience and Improvements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) was commissioned at CERN and started operation with beams in 2008. Several months of operation in nominal cryogenic conditions have triggered an optimisation of the process functional analysis. This lead to a few revisions of the control logic, which were realised on-the-fly. During the 2008-09 shut-down, and in order to enhance the safety, availability and operability of the LHC cryogenics, a major rebuild of the logic and several hardware modifications were implemented. The databases, containing instruments and controls in-formation, are being rationalized; the automatic tool, that extracts data for the control software, is being simplified. This paper describes the main improvements and sug-gests perspectives of further developments.

Gomes, P; Casas, J; Fluder, C; Fortescue, E; Le Roux, P; Penacoba, G; Pezzetti, M; Soubiran, M; Tovar, A; Zwalinski, L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Embedded Sensors and Controls to Improve Component Performance and Reliability Conceptual Design Report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to demonstrate improved reliability and increased performance made possible by deeply embedding instrumentation and controls (I&C) in nuclear power plant (NPP) components and systems. The project is employing a highly instrumented canned rotor, magnetic bearing, fluoride salt pump as its I&C technology demonstration platform. I&C is intimately part of the basic millisecond-by-millisecond functioning of the system; treating I&C as an integral part of the system design is innovative and will allow significant improvement in capabilities and performance. As systems become more complex and greater performance is required, traditional I&C design techniques become inadequate and more advanced I&C needs to be applied. New I&C techniques enable optimal and reliable performance and tolerance of noise and uncertainties in the system rather than merely monitoring quasistable performance. Traditionally, I&C has been incorporated in NPP components after the design is nearly complete; adequate performance was obtained through over-design. By incorporating I&C at the beginning of the design phase, the control system can provide superior performance and reliability and enable designs that are otherwise impossible. This report describes the progress and status of the project and provides a conceptual design overview for the platform to demonstrate the performance and reliability improvements enabled by advanced embedded I&C.

Kisner, R.; Melin, A.; Burress, T.; Fugate, D.; Holcomb, D.; Wilgen, J.; Miller, J.; Wilson, D.; Silva, P.; Whitlow, L.; Peretz, F.

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

INEXPENSIVE CO{sub 2} THICKENING AGENTS FOR IMPROVED MOBILITY CONTROL OF CO{sub 2} FLOODS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this research was the design, synthesis and evaluation of inexpensive, nonfluorous carbon dioxide thickening agents. We followed the same strategy employed in the design of fluorinated CO{sub 2} polymeric thickeners. First, a highly CO{sub 2}-philic, hydrocarbon-based monomer was to be identified. Polymers or oligomers of this monomer were then synthesized. The second step was to be completed only when a CO{sub 2}-soluble polymer that was soluble in CO{sub 2} at pressures comparable to the MMP was identified. In the second step, viscosity-enhancing associating groups were to be incorporated into the polymer to make it a viable thickener that exhibited high CO{sub 2} solubility at EOR MMP conditions. This final report documents the CO{sub 2} solubility of a series of commercial and novel polymers composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and, in some cases, nitrogen.

Robert M. Enick; Eric J. Beckman; Andrew Hamilton

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Testing the effectiveness of mobile home weatherization measures in a controlled environment: The SERI CMFERT (Collaborative Manufactured Buildings Facility for Energy Research and Training) Project  

SciTech Connect

For several years the Solar Energy Research Institute has been testing the effectiveness of mobile home weatherization measures, with the support of the US DOE Office of State and Local Assistance Programs Weatherization Assistance Program, the DOE Office of Buildings and Community Systems, the seven states within the federal Weatherization Region 7, the Colorado Division of Housing, and the DOE Denver Support Office. During the winter of 1988--89, several weatherization measures were thermally tested on three mobile homes under controlled conditions inside a large environmental enclosure. The effects of each weatherization measure on conduction losses, infiltration losses, and combined furnace and duct-delivered heat efficiency were monitored. The retrofit options included air sealing, duct repair, furnace tune-up, interior storm panels, floor insulation, and roof insulation. The study demonstrated that cost-effective heating energy savings of about 20% to 50% are possible if weatherization techniques adapted to the special construction details in mobile homes are applied. 24 refs., 18 figs., 9 tabs.

Judkoff, R.D.; Hancock, C.E.; Franconi, E.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Purex Process Improvements for Pu and NP Control in Total Actinide Recycle Flowsheets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Significant improvements are required in the Purex process to optimise it for Advanced Fuel Cycles. Two key challenges we have identified are, firstly, developing more efficient methods for U/Pu separations especially at elevated Pu concentrations and, secondly, improving recovery, control and routing of Np in a modified Purex process. A series of Purex-like flowsheets for improved Pu separations based on hydroxamic acids and are reported. Purex-like flowsheets have been tested on a glovebox-housed 30-stage miniature centrifugal contactor train. A series of trials have been performed to demonstrate the processing of feeds with varying Pu contents ranging from 7 - 40% by weight. These flowsheets have demonstrated hydroxamic acids are excellent reagents for complexant stripping of Pu being able to achieve high decontamination factors (DF) on both the U and Pu product streams and co - recover Np with Pu. The advantages of a complexant-based approach are shown to be especially relevant when AFC scenarios are considered, where the Pu content of the fuel is expected to b e significantly higher. Recent results towards modifying the Purex process to improve recovery and control of Np in short residence time contactors are reported. Work on the development of chemical and process models to describe the complicated behaviour of Np under primary separation conditions (i.e. the HA extraction contactor) is described. To test the performance of the model a series of experiments were performed including testing of flowsheets on a fume-hood housed miniature centrifugal contactor train. The flowsheet was designed to emulate the conditions of a primar y separations contactor with the Np split between the U-solvent product and aqueous raffinate. In terms of Np routing the process model showed good agreement with flowsheet trial however much further work is required to fully understand this complex system. (authors)

Birkett, J.E.; Carrott, M.J.; Crooks, G.; Fox, O.D.; Maher, C.J.; Taylor, R.J.; Woodhead, D.A. [Nexia Solutions Ltd., BNFL, Sellafield, Seascale, CA20 1PG (United Kingdom)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Major trends in mobility technology research and development: Overview of the results of the NSF-WTEC European study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

well as spawn many new applications of mobility technology Apeople with mobility impairment. Several new technolo- giesnew forms of sensors were being routinely applied to improve mobility

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Guidance for Deployment of Mobile Technologies for Nuclear Power Plant  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidance for Deployment of Mobile Technologies for Nuclear Power Guidance for Deployment of Mobile Technologies for Nuclear Power Plant Field Workers Guidance for Deployment of Mobile Technologies for Nuclear Power Plant Field Workers This report is a guidance document prepared for the benefit of commercial nuclear power plants' (NPPs) supporting organizations and personnel who are considering or undertaking deployment of mobile technology for the purpose of improving human performance and plant status control (PSC) for field workers in an NPP setting. This document especially is directed at NPP business managers, Electric Power Research Institute, Institute of Nuclear Power Operations, and other non-Information Technology personnel. This information is not intended to replace basic project management practices or reiterate these processes, but is to support decision-making,

138

Environmental Assessment for Proposed Access Control and Traffic Improvements at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

29 29 Environmental Assessment for Proposed Access Control and Traffic Improvements at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico August 23, 2002 Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Los Alamos Site Office Environmental Assessment for Proposed Access Control and Traffic Improvements at LANL DOE LASO August 23, 2002 iii Contents ACRONYMS AND TERMS ......................................................................................................... VI EXECUTIVE SUMMARY......................................................................................................... VIII 1.0 PURPOSE AND NEED ............................................................................................................

139

Improving Paper Machine Efficiency/Productivity through On-line Control  

SciTech Connect

This project involves implementing a new technology, microforming, in a headbox to produce an isotropic sheet with significant reductions in the MD/CD stiffness ratio (increasing CD specific STFI) and improved sheet uniformity. Microforming involves generating axial vorticity (i.e., swirl) prior to the converging nozzle of the headbox by retrofitting an existing tube block with swirl generation devices referred to as Vortigen system. The Vortigen system developed in this project is a retrofit technology to a hydraulic headbox tube block. The tubes in the tube block are re-designed to generate axial vorticity (or swirl) in the tubes. This type of flow results in higher intensity small-scale turbulence in the forming jet at the slice. The net effect, as demonstrated in pilot and commercial trials, is improvement in formation and surface smoothness, lower MD/CD tensile ratio, and consequently, higher CD strength properties such as CD STFI, Ring Crush and tensile or breaking length. The objective of this project is to implement microforming by developing the retrofit technology for generation and on-line control of axial vorticity in the tubes to optimize turbulent scale and intensity, and consequently, fiber network structure properties in the sheet. This technology results in significant improvements in the performance and capital effectiveness of the paper machine (PM) for a fraction of the cost to replace a headbox. In this project we have developed and demonstrated the concept of generating axial vorticity to control the fiber orientation in the converging zone of the headbox, and to produce a sheet with isotropic fiber orientation. The technology developed here has been demonstrated in static form on several pilot trials and two series of commercial trials. The economic feasibility of this technology is based primarily on fiber savings in cases where a more isotropic fiber orientation can be used to reduce the basis weight of the product. Even a 5% decrease in basis weight will results in substantial savings covering the cost of a commercial retrofit in 6 months or less in a medium size machine. The project also resulted in significant amount of information on fiber orientation in turbulent flow and in a converging nozzle where the results can be used in other applications, such as formation of composite materials. Several MS and Ph.D. students and postdoctoral associates have been trained as part of this project.

Cyrus K Aidun

2007-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

140

Improving Building Control and System Operation Through the Continuous Commissioning® Process: A Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilization of the Continuous Commissioning® process is presented in the case of the Consolidated Mission Support Center office building at Travis Air Force Base in Travis, California. The CC® process was applied to the building in early 2003. The examination of the heating, ventilating, and airconditioning (HVAC) and control systems revealed several areas where considerable improvement could be made, including air handling unit (AHU) operational parameters, terminal box and water loop operation, and Energy Management and Control System (EMCS) functionality. It also aided in the identification of mechanical systems needing repair. The optimization of the HVAC systems and advanced utilization of the EMCS reduced the combined heating and cooling energy consumption by 26% without capital intensive upgrades. Cooling energy decreased by 10%, heating energy was cut by over 40%, and fan power decreased by 28%. A hidden benefit to the implementation of the CC® process is the reduction in the human capital required to operate the building. Prior to commissioning, significant time was spent changing system operating setpoints in an attempt to save energy. These efforts are no longer required.

Redmann, N.; Liu, M.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

TMS320F2812 DSP controller for dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) application for improving of a three phase inverter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses a control technique improvement of a three-phase inverter using TMS320F2812 DSP controller for Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) applications. The output of the inverter is then connected to a voltage grid via a second order filter ... Keywords: TMS320F2812 DSP, dynamic voltage restorer (DVR), filter, inverters, total harmonic distortion (THD)

R. Omar; N. A. Rahim

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

New Mobility Op.ons Elizabeth Deakin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Mobility Op.ons Elizabeth Deakin Professor of City and Regional Planning University of California, Berkeley edeakin@berkeley.edu 1 #12;What Are New Mobility Op: ­ Improve mobility and access op.ons ­ AMract new users to lower-impact transport

Minnesota, University of

143

Mobile Climate Observatory on the Pacific  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate Observatory on the Pacific The AMF2 mobile climate observatory is traveling the Pacific ocean between Los Angeles and Honolulu to improve the way global climate models...

144

Mobile cinema  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops techniques and methods that extend the art and craft of storytelling, and in particular enable the creation of mobile cinema. Stories are always constrained by the medium in which they are told and the ...

Pan, Pengkai, 1972-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Energize Mobile | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energize Mobile Energize Mobile Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energize Mobile Agency/Company /Organization: Tendril Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Mobile Device Website: www.tendrilinc.com/energy-providers/application/energize/ Web Application Link: www.tendrilinc.com/energy-providers/application/energize/ Cost: Free Energize Mobile Screenshot References: Tendril[1] Logo: Energize Mobile This application will let users monitor their energy use and costs, remotely control devices in their home, receive messages from their electric utility and see a list of energy efficiency tips and actions they can take to reduce their energy usage. Overview Tendril Energize enables energy providers to have a meaningful real-time

146

Embedded Sensors and Controls to Improve Component Performance and Reliability: Conceptual Design Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall project objective is to demonstrate improved reliability and increased performance made possible by deeply embedding instrumentation and controls (I&C) in nuclear power plant components. The project is employing a highly instrumented canned rotor, magnetic bearing, fluoride salt pump as its I&C technology demonstration vehicle. The project s focus is not primarily on pump design, but instead is on methods to deeply embed I&C within a pump system. However, because the I&C is intimately part of the basic millisecond-by-millisecond functioning of the pump, the I&C design cannot proceed in isolation from the other aspects of the pump. The pump will not function if the characteristics of the I&C are not embedded within the design because the I&C enables performance of the basic function rather than merely monitoring quasi-stable performance. Traditionally, I&C has been incorporated in nuclear power plant (NPP) components after their design is nearly complete; adequate performance was obtained through over-design. This report describes the progress and status of the project and provides a conceptual design overview for the embedded I&C pump.

Kisner, Roger A [ORNL; Melin, Alexander M [ORNL; Burress, Timothy A [ORNL; Fugate, David L [ORNL; Holcomb, David Eugene [ORNL; Wilgen, John B [ORNL; Miller, John M [ORNL; Wilson, Dane F [ORNL; Silva, Pamela C [ORNL; Whitlow, Lynsie J [ORNL; Peretz, Fred J [ORNL

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Mobile Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility Facility AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 Data Operations AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments Hyytiälä, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado, 2010 Graciosa Island, Azores, 2009-2010 Shouxian, China, 2008 Black Forest, Germany, 2007 Niamey, Niger, 2006 Point Reyes, California, 2005 Mobile Facilities Pictured here in Gan, the second mobile facility is configured in a standard layout. Pictured here in Gan, the second mobile facility is configured in a standard layout. To explore science questions beyond those addressed by ARM's fixed sites at

148

Improving fairness among TCP flows by stateless buffer control with early drop maximum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transmission control protocol (TCP) has been recognized as the most important transport-layer protocol for the Internet. It is distinguished by its reliable transmission, flow control, and congestion control. However, the issue of fair bandwidth-sharing ... Keywords: Long-lived flow, Max-min fairness, Short-lived flow, Stateless buffer management, TCP congestion control

Hsu-Sheng Tsai; Wei Kuang Lai

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Strain control of AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistor structures on silicon (111) by plasma assisted molecular beam epitaxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on the use of plasma assisted molecular beam epitaxy of AlGaN/GaN-based high electron mobility transistor structures grown on 4 in. Si (111) substrates. In situ measurements of wafer curvature during growth proved to be a very powerful method to analyze the buffer layer's thickness dependent strain. The Ga/N ratio at the beginning of growth of the GaN buffer layer is the critical parameter to control the compressive strain of the entire grown structure. An engineered amount of compressive strain must be designed into the structure to perfectly compensate for the tensile strain caused by differences in the thermal expansion coefficient between the epi-layer and substrate during sample cool down from growth temperatures. A maximum film thickness of 4.2 {mu}m was achieved without the formation of any cracks and a negligible bow of the wafers below 10 {mu}m. Measurement of the as-grown wafers revealed depth profiles of the charge carrier concentration comparable to values achieved on SiC substrates and mobility values of the two dimensional electron gas in the range 1230 to 1350 cm{sup 2}/Vs at a charge carrier concentration of 6.5-7 10{sup 12}/cm{sup 2}. First results on processed wafers with 2 {mu}m thick buffer layer indicate very promising results with a resistance of the buffer, measured on 200 {mu}m long contacts with 15 {mu}m pitch, in the range of R > 10{sup 9}{Omega} at 100 V and breakdown voltages up to 550 V.

Aidam, Rolf; Diwo, Elke; Rollbuehler, Nicola; Kirste, Lutz; Benkhelifa, Fouad [Fraunhofer-Institute for Applied Solid State Physics, Tullastrasse 72, 79108 Freiburg (Germany)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2) ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2) The ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2) is a durable, oceangoing mobile climate observatory. In 2008, the second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2) was developed to extend the capabilities of the original AMF (AMF1) deployed in 2005. The AMF2 is portable, modular, and suited for operations on oceangoing ships and in harsh environments. The AMF2 has improved data flow and communications (primarily wireless) and optimized operating procedures. AMF2 instrument capabilities include standard meteorological instrumentation, a broadband and spectral radiometer suite, and remote sensing instruments. This instrumentation provides researchers with data from climate regimes not previously explored. The AMF2 also has available space, power, and data processing capabilities for additional instruments

151

Energy Efficiency Improvement by Measurement and Control: A Case Study of Reheating Furnaces in the Steel Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to analyze the possibilities for energy efficiency improvements through utilization of measurement and automatic control; this includes both direct fuel savings and indirect savings due to product quality improvements. Focus is on energy use in steel reheating furnaces for rolling mills. The demands on the reheating process and the operational conditions that are essential for its control are described. An analysis is made of possible reductions in energy use as a result of improved control. A survey is included of furnace control systems in steel plants; such equipment has been designed and implemented in order to optimize the reheating process. Reports of achieved savings are presented, and demands on measurement and control systems for successful implementation are discussed. Economic analyses, in terms of life cycle costs and estimated savings, are made for three levels of measurement and control systems. Reductions in energy use of up to 20 percent can be expected for the type of process studied, as a result of investments in information technology; it is also concluded that such investments are cost-effective.

Martensson, A.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Improved Off-State Stress Critical Voltage on AlGaN/GaN High Electron Mobility Transistors Utilizing Pt/Ti/Au Based Gate Metallization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The critical voltage for degradation of AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) employed with the Pt/Ti/Au gate metallization instead of the commonly used Ni/Au was significantly increased during the off-state stress. The typical critical voltage for HEMTs with Ni/Au gate metallization was around -60V. By sharp contrast, no critical voltage was observed for the HEMTs with Pt/Ti/Au gate metallization, even up to -100V, which was the instrumental limitation in this experiment. Both Schottky forward and reverse gate characteristics of the Ni/Au degraded once the gate voltage passed the critical voltage of around -60V. There was no degradation exhibited for the HEMTs with Pt-gated HEMTs.

Lo, C. F. [University of Florida; Liu, L. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Kang, Tsung Sheng [University of Florida, Gainesville; Davies, Ryan [University of Florida; Gila, Brent P. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Pearton, S. J. [University of Florida; Kravchenko, Ivan I [ORNL; Laboutin, O. [Kopin Corporation, Taunton, MA; Cao, Yu [Kopin Corporation, Taunton, MA; Johnson, Wayne J. [Kopin Corporation, Taunton, MA; Ren, F. [University of Florida

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Controlling inventory by improving demand forecasting within the alcoholic beverage industry : a case study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis explores how combing statistical demand forecasting methods and causal forecasting methods with judgmental forecasts via a Sales and Operation Planning process can improve… (more)

Deng, Xiaomu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Residential Mobility and Latino Political Mobilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brians, Craig Leonard. 1997. “Residential Mobility, VoterHighton, Benjamin. 2000. "Residential Mobility, Community2003. “ Language Choice, Residential Stability and Voting

Ramirez, Ricardo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Improving fuzzy logic controllers obtained by experts: a case study in HVAC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One important Artificial Intelligence tool for automatic control is the use of fuzzy logic controllers, which are fuzzy rule-based systems comprising expert knowledge in form of linguistic rules. These rules are usually constructed by an expert in the ... Keywords: Fuzzy logic controllers, Genetic tuning, HVAC systems, Linguistic 2-tuples representation, Linguistic 3-tuples representation, Rule selection

Rafael Alcalá; Jesús Alcalá-Fdez; María José Gacto; Francisco Herrera

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Mobile Solar Tracker Facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile Solar Tracker Facility. ... NIST's mobile solar tracking facility is used to characterize the electrical performance of photovoltaic panels. ...

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Automatic Generation Control (AGC) Alterations for Improved Control with Significant Wind Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind power represents a significant fraction of the total generation capacity of the Hawaii Electric Light Company (HELCO) system, and HELCO system operators have observed instances where the short-term variability of the existing wind generation has resulted in increased frequency fluctuations. The existing automatic generation control (AGC) system has sometimes exacerbated these frequency fluctuations. To deal with this problem, HELCO contracted with AREVA to implement functional changes to the existin...

2009-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

158

Anchored mobilities: mobile technology and transnational migration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile technologies are deployed into diverse social, cultural, political and geographic settings, and incorporated into diverse forms of personal and collective mobility. We present an ethnography of transnational Thai retirees and their uses of mobile ... Keywords: aging, ethnography, mobile technology, mobilility, transnational

Amanda Williams; Ken Anderson; Paul Dourish

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Improving monitoring, control and protection of power grid using wide area synchro-phasor measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When disturbances occur in power grid, monitoring, control and protection systems are required to stop the grid degradation, restore it to a normal state, and hence minimize their effects. However, in wide area power grid resulting from large extension ... Keywords: emergency control and optimization systems, phasor measurement units, power system, wide area protection system

Hamid Bentarzi

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Nonlinear power flow feedback control for improved stability and performance of airfoil sections  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A computer-implemented method of determining the pitch stability of an airfoil system, comprising using a computer to numerically integrate a differential equation of motion that includes terms describing PID controller action. In one model, the differential equation characterizes the time-dependent response of the airfoil's pitch angle, .alpha.. The computer model calculates limit-cycles of the model, which represent the stability boundaries of the airfoil system. Once the stability boundary is known, feedback control can be implemented, by using, for example, a PID controller to control a feedback actuator. The method allows the PID controller gain constants, K.sub.I, K.sub.p, and K.sub.d, to be optimized. This permits operation closer to the stability boundaries, while preventing the physical apparatus from unintentionally crossing the stability boundaries. Operating closer to the stability boundaries permits greater power efficiencies to be extracted from the airfoil system.

Wilson, David G.; Robinett, III, Rush D.

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

IMPLEMENTION AND TESTING OF A FAULT DETECTION SOFTWARE TOOL FOR IMPROVING CONTROL SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

affect the performance of the control scheme and its fault detection sensitivity. 5.2.3 Trend Logging. The process of selecting trend-logging procedures exposed several generic problems faced by building operators

Diamond, Richard

162

Simulation-assisted building energy performance improvement using sensible control decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The building sector contributes significantly to global energy consumption and emission of greenhouse gases. Thermal insulation along with installation of energy-efficient building systems can reduce energy needs while preserving or improving occupant ... Keywords: adaptive optimization, energy efficiency in buildings, large-scale systems, non-linear systems

M. F. Pichler; A. Dröscher; H. Schranzhofer; G. D. Kontes; G. I. Giannakis; E. B. Kosmatopoulos; D. V. Rovas

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Modern risk control techniques for improving the environmental management system in Romanian HV installations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Environmental protection keeps on being one of the main concerns of our company, together with the economic efficiency and providing of high quality energy services. The general goal of the environmental policy consists in improving the environmental ... Keywords: biological risk, cumulative exposure, environmental impact, magnetic field, monitoring system, research project

Stefania Popadiuc; Bogdan Popa; Frangiskos Topalis; Cristiana Geambasu

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Mobility Header Home Agent Switch Message  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards " (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. This document specifies a new Mobility Header message type that can be used between a home agent and mobile node to signal to a mobile

B. Haley; V. Devarapalli; H. Deng; J. Kempf

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Use of Instrumentation and Control to Improve the Dependability of Critical-to-Production Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In industrial installations, the consequences of system unavailability or component failures can be severe in terms of safety, regulatory scrutiny, economics, and societal impacts. Utilities can, therefore, benefit by applying a systematic approach to identifying critical-to-production components and enhancing their dependability when appropriate.This report was prepared to provide assistance to nuclear utilities that would like to improve the dependability of critical-to-production ...

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

166

Controlled mobility in sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MATLAB program generates o a Tcl script for ns2 [ns2], whichin MATLAB and generated a Tcl script for ns2. The semi-

Sugihara, Ryo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Controlled mobility in sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reception, and a supercapacitor to store the energy. Eacha few minutes to charge a supercapacitor through microwave

Sugihara, Ryo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

GAO-04-986R Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: Further Improvements Needed to Strengthen Controls Over the Purchase Card Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6R LLNL Purchase Card Controls 6R LLNL Purchase Card Controls United States Government Accountability Office Washington, DC 20548 August 6, 2004 Congressional Requesters Subject: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: Further Improvements Needed to Strengthen Controls Over the Purchase Card Program The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) located in Livermore, California is a government-owned, contractor-operated national laboratory of the Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). 1 The University of California manages the lab under a cost-reimbursable contract with NNSA. The university is paid a management fee to operate the lab and is reimbursed for all allowable costs charged to the contract. During the fall of 2002, the Federal Bureau of Investigation began investigating two

169

Challenges and architectural approaches for authenticating mobile users  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper casts an architectural eye at existing work on security and privacy in mobile computing. Specifically, it focuses on authentication as it leads up to access control from two points of view: servicer providers granting access to users, and ... Keywords: access control, anonymity, authentication, mobile computing, trust, ubiquitous computing, user mobility

João Pedro Sousa

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Privacy in mobile technology for personal healthcare  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information technology can improve the quality, efficiency, and cost of healthcare. In this survey, we examine the privacy requirements of mobile computing technologies that have the potential to transform healthcare. Such mHealth technology enables ... Keywords: HIPAA, Privacy framework, e-health, electronic health record, home healthcare, mHealth, medicine, mobile healthcare, personal health record

Sasikanth Avancha; Amit Baxi; David Kotz

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Microstructure control of Al-Cu films for improved electromigration resistance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for the forming of Al-Cu conductive thin films with reduced electromigration failures is useful, for example, in the metallization of integrated circuits. An improved formation process includes the heat treatment or annealing of the thin film conductor at a temperature within the range of from 200 C to 300 C for a time period between 10 minutes and 24 hours under a reducing atmosphere such as 15% H[sub 2] in N[sub 2] by volume. Al-Cu thin films annealed in the single phase region of a phase diagram, to temperatures between 200 C and 300 C have [theta]-phase Al[sub 2] Cu precipitates at the grain boundaries continuously become enriched in copper, due, it is theorized, to the formation of a thin coating of [theta]-phase precipitate at the grain boundary. Electromigration behavior of the aluminum is, thus, improved because the [theta]-phase precipitates with copper hinder aluminum diffusion along the grain boundaries. Electromigration, then, occurs mainly within the aluminum grains, a much slower process. 5 figures.

Frear, D.R.; Michael, J.R.; Romig, A.D. Jr.

1994-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

172

Microstructure control of Al-Cu films for improved electromigration resistance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for the forming of Al-Cu conductive thin films with reduced electromigration failures is useful, for example, in the metallization of integrated circuits. An improved formation process includes the heat treatment or annealing of the thin film conductor at a temperature within the range of from 200.degree. C. to 300.degree. C. for a time period between 10 minutes and 24 hours under a reducing atmosphere such as 15% H.sub.2 in N.sub.2 by volume. Al-Cu thin films annealed in the single phase region of a phase diagram, to temperatures between 200.degree. C. and 300.degree. C. have .theta.-phase Al.sub.2 Cu precipitates at the grain boundaries continuously become enriched in copper, due, it is theorized, to the formation of a thin coating of .theta.-phase precipitate at the grain boundary. Electromigration behavior of the aluminum is, thus, improved because the .theta.-phase precipitates with copper hinder aluminum diffusion along the grain boundaries. Electromigration, then, occurs mainly within the aluminum grains, a much slower process.

Frear, Darrel R. (Albuquerque, NM); Michael, Joseph R. (Albuquerque, NM); Romig, Jr., Alton D. (Albuquerque, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Mobility in wireless networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article surveys mobility patterns and mobility models for wirelss networks. Mobility patterns are classified into the following types: pedestrians, vehicles, aerial, dynamic medium, robot, and outer space motion. We present the characteristics of ...

Christian Schindelhauer

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Improving Area Control Error Diversity Interchange (ADI) Program by Incorporating Congestion Constraints  

SciTech Connect

The area control error (ACE) determines how much a balancing authority (BA) needs to move its regulating units to meet mandatory control performance standard requirements. Regulation is an expensive resource that could cost several hundred million dollars a year for a BA. The amount of regulation needed in a system is increasing with more intermittent generation resources added to the system. The ACE diversity interchange (ADI) program provides a tool for reducing the regulation requirement by combining ACEs from several participating BAs followed by sharing the total ACE among all participating balancing areas. The effect is achieved as a result of the low statistical correlation between the original ACEs of participating BAs. A rule-based ADI approach has already been put into practice in the US Western Interconnection. The degree of actual ACE sharing is artificially limited because of the unknown redistribution of power flows and possible system congestion (these factors are not monitored in the existing ADI). This paper proposes a two-step linear programming (LP) ADI approach that incorporates congestion constraints. In the first step of the proposed LP ADI, the line transmission limits are enforced by setting up corresponding constraints. In the second step, the business fairness is pursued. Simulation is performed to compare the properties of the proposed LP ADI and the existing rule-based ADI. Favorable features, such as avoiding line limit violations and increasing the degree of possible ACE sharing, are observed for the proposed LP ADI.

Zhou, Ning; Etingov, Pavel V.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Guttromson, Ross T.; McManus, Bart

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

175

A control system for improved battery utilization in a PV-powered peak-shaving system  

SciTech Connect

Photovoltaic (PV) power systems offer the prospect of allowing a utility company to meet part of the daily peak system load using a renewable resource. Unfortunately, some utilities have peak system- load periods that do not match the peak production hours of a PV system. Adding a battery energy storage system to a grid-connected PV power system will allow dispatching the stored solar energy to the grid at the desired times. Batteries, however, pose system limitations in terms of energy efficiency, maintenance, and cycle life. A new control system has been developed, based on available PV equipment and a data acquisition system, that seeks to minimize the limitations imposed by the battery system while maximizing the use of PV energy. Maintenance requirements for the flooded batteries are reduced, cycle life is maximized, and the battery is operated over an efficient range of states of charge. This paper presents design details and initial performance results on one of the first installed control systems of this type.

Palomino, E [Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Stevens, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Wiles, J. [New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States). Southwest Technology Development Inst.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Mobile IPv6 bootstrapping in split scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards " (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. A Mobile IPv6 node requires a Home Agent address, a home address, and IPsec security associations with its Home Agent before it can start utilizing Mobile IPv6 service. RFC 3775 requires that some or all of these are statically configured. This document defines how a Mobile IPv6 node can bootstrap this information from non-topological information and security credentials pre-configured on the Mobile Node. The solution defined in this document solves the split scenario described in the Mobile IPv6 bootstrapping problem statement in RFC 4640. The split scenario refers to the case where the Mobile

G. Giaretta; J. Kempf; V. Devarapalli

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Method of controlling the side wall thickness of a turbine nozzle segment for improved cooling  

SciTech Connect

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and a vane extending therebetween. Each band has a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band has an inturned flange defining with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The outer surface of the side wall is provided with a step prior to welding the cover to the side wall. A thermal barrier coating is applied in the step and, after the cover is welded to the side wall, the side wall is finally machined to a controlled thickness removing all, some or none of the coating.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Designing mobile interfaces for novice and low-literacy users  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While mobile phones have found broad application in bringing health, financial, and other services to the developing world, usability remains a major hurdle for novice and low-literacy populations. In this article, we take two steps to evaluate and improve ... Keywords: Mobile banking, data accuracy, data entry, illiteracy, mobile health

Indrani Medhi; Somani Patnaik; Emma Brunskill; S.N. Nagasena Gautama; William Thies; Kentaro Toyama

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Statistical behaviors of mobile agents in network routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile agent-based network routing is a new technique for routing in large-scale networks. An analysis of the searching activity and population growth of mobile agents is important for improving performance in agent-driven networks. In this paper, we ... Keywords: Mobile agents, Population distribution, Probability of success, Routing

Wenyu Qu; Keqiu Li; Masaru Kitsuregawa; Weilian Xue

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

CONTROL OF INTERFACIAL DUST CAKE TO IMPROVE EFFICIENCY OF MOVING BED GRANULAR FILTERS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this research is to improve the performance of moving bed granular filters for gas cleaning at high temperatures and pressures. A second objective is to better understand dust capture interfacial phenomena and cake formation in moving bed filters. The experimental bed tested in the present study has several unique design features configured as cold flow, axially symmetric, counter-current flow to simulate a filter operating at high temperatures (1088 K) and elevated pressures (10 atmospheres). The granular filter is evaluated in two separate performance studies: (1) optimization of particle collection efficiency and bed pressure drop in a factorial study at near-atmospheric operating pressures through appropriate use of granular bed materials, particle sizes, and feed rates; and (2) high temperature and high pressure model simulation conducted at above-atmospheric pressures and room temperature utilizing dust and granular flow rates, granular size, system pressure, and superficial velocity. The factorial study involves a composite design of 16 near-atmospheric tests, while the model simulation study is comprised of 7 above-atmospheric tests. Similarity rules were validated in tests at four different mass dust ratios and showed nearly constant collection efficiencies ({approx} 99.5 {+-} 0.3%) for operating pressures of 160 kPa gage (23.2 psig) at room temperature (20 C), which simulates the hydrodynamic conditions expected for typical gasification streams (1088 K, 10 atmospheres). An important outcome from the near-atmospheric pressure studies are relationships developed using central composite design between the independent variables, superficial velocity (0.16-0.22 m/s), dust feed rate (0.08-0.74 kg/hr), and granular flow rate (3.32-15.4 kg/hr). These operating equations were optimized in contour plots for bed conditions that simultaneously satisfy low-pressure drop and high particle collection efficiency.

Robert C. Brown; Gerald M. Colver

2002-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Open Architecture Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Forum, Orlando, FL, January 2004. • I-4 Regional Meeting: Process Control Security, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering ...

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

182

Data acquisition and processing with a HP 9825 desk top calculator controlled instrumentation system in the Los Alamos solar mobile/modular home  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Data have been taken in the solar Mobile/Modular Home with a Hewlett Packard 9825 calculator from October 1976 until the present. The data system and data reduction techniques are described and some of the typical results obtained are presented.

Hedstrom, J.C.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

A novel patient mobility and rehabilitation robot  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a novel Home Lift, Position, and Rehabilitation (HLPR) Chair, designed at National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), to provide independent patient mobility for indoor tasks, such as moving to and placing a person on ... Keywords: 4D/RCS control architecture, autonomous, home assist device, mobility, patient transfer, rehabilitation

Roger Bostelman; James Albus

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Improved understanding and control of high-speed jet interaction flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A numerical study of the flow field generated by injection through diamondshaped orifices into a high-speed flow is presented in this document. Jet interaction flows have a wide range of applications in the field of engineering. These applications include the use of jets for fuel injection in scramjets, for reaction control of high-speed aerodynamic bodies and as cooling jets for skins of high-speed vehicles. A necessary requirement in the use of transverse jets for these and other applications is a thorough understanding of the physics of the interaction between the jet and freestream. This interaction generates numerous flow structures that include multiple shocks, vortices, recirculation regions and shear layers. This study involves diamond-shaped orifices that have the advantage of generating weaker or attached interaction shocks as compared to circular injectors. These injectors also negate the effects due to the recirculation region that is formed upstream of the injector. This study was undertaken in order to gain further understanding of the flow features generated by diamond-shaped injectors in a high-speed flow. Numerical simulations were performed using two different levels of turbulence models. Reynolds? Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations were performed using the GASP flow solver while Detached-Eddy Simulation (DES) runs were performed using the Cobalt flow solver. A total of fifteen diamond injector simulations were performed using the RANS model for a 15 half-angle diamond injector. The fifteen simulations spanned over five different injection angles and three jet total pressures. In addition to these, two circular injector simulations were also performed. In addition, low pressure normal injection through diamond and circular orifices simulations were performed using DES. Results obtained from CFD were compared to available experimental data. The resulting flow structure and the turbulent properties of the flow were examined in detail. The normal injection case through the diamond-shaped orifice at the lowest jet total pressure was defined as the baseline case and is presented in detail. In order to study the effect of different components of the vorticity transport equation, an in-house code was used post-process the results from the RANS runs.

Srinivasan, Ravichandra

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Security Schemes for Wireless Sensor Networks with Mobile Sink  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile sinks are vital in many wireless sensor applications for efficient data collection, data querying, and localized sensor reprogramming. Mobile sinks prolong the lifetime of a sensor network. However, when sensor networks with mobile sinks are deployed in a hostile environment, security became a critical issue. They become exposed to varieties of malicious attacks. Thus, anti threats schemes and security services, such as mobile sink?s authentication and pairwise key establishment, are essential components for the secure operation of such networks. Due to the sensors, limited resources designing efficient security schemes with low communication overhead to secure communication links between sensors and MS (Mobile Sink) is not a trivial task. In addition to the sensors limited resources, sink mobility required frequent exchange of cryptography information between the sensors and MS each time the MS updates its location which imposes extra communication overhead on the sensors. In this dissertation, we consider a number of security schemes for WSN (wireless sensor network) with MS. The schemes offer high network?s resiliency and low communication overhead against nodes capture, MS replication and wormhole attacks. We propose two schemes based on the polynomial pool scheme for tolerating nodes capture: the probabilistic generation key pre-distribution scheme combined with polynomial pool scheme, and the Q-composite generation key scheme combined with polynomial pool scheme. The schemes ensure low communication overhead and high resiliency. For anti MS replication attack scheme, we propose the multiple polynomial pools scheme that provide much higher resiliency to MS replication attack as compared to the single polynomial pool approach. Furthermore, to improve the network resiliency against wormhole attack, two defensive mechanisms were developed according to the MS mobility type. In the first technique, MS uses controlled mobility. We investigate the problem of using a single authentication code by sensors network to verify the source of MS beacons, and then we develop a defensive approach that divide the sensor network into different authentication code?s grids. In the second technique, random mobility is used by MS. We explore the use of different communication channels available in the sensor hardware combined with polynomial pool scheme.

Rasheed, Amar Adnan

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Seamless access of home theater personal computers for mobile devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the MoMPt project, an open source project developed to allow access to multimedia content and to control multiple HTPCs remotely using mobile devices. The main contribution in the context of this project is its reference design, which ... Keywords: web services, HTPC, UPnP, mobile devices, mobile multimedia system design, multimedia

Lorena F. Maia; Danilo F. S. Santos; Ricardo S. Souza; Angelo Perkusich; Hyggo Almeida

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Effectiveness of a clinical intervention in improving pain control in outpatients with cancer treated by radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine the effectiveness of a multicomponent clinical intervention to reduce pain in outpatients with cancer. Methods and Materials: Sixty-four patients were randomly assigned to receive either a clinical intervention including an information session, the use of a pain diary, and the possibility to contact a physician to adjust the pain medication, or the usual treatment of pain by the staff radiation oncologist. All patients reported their average and worst pain levels at baseline and 2 and 3 weeks after the start of the intervention. Results: The study groups were similar with respect to their baseline characteristics and pain levels at randomization. After 3 weeks, the average and worst pain experienced by patients randomized to the clinical intervention group was significantly inferior to the average pain experienced by patients in the control group (2.9/10 vs. 4.4/10 and 4.2/10 vs. 5.5/10, respectively). Results showed that the experimental group patients decreased their pain levels more than the control group patients did over time. Conclusion: An intervention including patient education, a pain diary, and defining a procedure for therapeutic adjustments can be effective to improve pain relief in outpatients with cancer.

Vallieres, Isabelle [Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec-Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec City (Canada)]. E-mail: isabelle.vallieres@mail.chuq.qc.ca; Aubin, Michele [Department of Family Medicine, Laval Hospital, Quebec City, Quebec (Canada); Blondeau, Lucie [Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec-Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec City (Canada); Simard, Serge [Research Centre of Laval Hospital, Laval University, Sainte-Foy, Quebec (Canada); Giguere, Anik [Palliative Care Research Team, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec (Canada)

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Role of mobile technology in the construction industry – a case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The construction industry is facing a number of pressures to decrease costs, improve productivity and have a competitive edge in terms of quality of service and customer satisfaction. Recent advancements in mobile technology provide new avenues for addressing ... Keywords: New Zealand, adoption barriers, construction industry, mobile communications, mobile fax, mobile technologies, productivity, remote site, workflow

Sitalakshmi Venkatraman; Pak Yoong

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Ant colony clustering using mobile agents as ants and pheromone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new approach for controlling mobile multiple robots connected by communication networks. The control mechanism is based on a specific Ant Colony Clustering (ACC) algorithm. In traditional ACC, an ant convey an object, but in our ... Keywords: ant colony clustering, intelligent robot control, mobile agent

Masashi Mizutani; Munehiro Takimoto; Yasushi Kambayashi

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Mobile Window Thermal Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mobile Window Thermal Test (MoWiTT) Facility Mobile Window Thermal Test (MoWiTT) Facility winter.jpg (469135 bytes) The window has come a long way since the days when it was a single pane of glass in a wood frame. Low-emissivity windows were designed to help buildings retain some of the energy that would have leaked out of less efficient windows. Designing efficient window-and-frame systems is one strategy for reducing the energy use of buildings. But the net energy flowing through a window is a combination of temperature- driven thermal flows and transmission of incident solar energy, both of which vary with time. U-factor and solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC), the window properties that control these flows, depend partly on ambient conditions. Window energy flows can affect how much energy a building uses, depending on when the window flows are available to help meet other energy demands within the building, and when they are adverse, adding to building energy use. This leads to a second strategy for reducing building energy use: using the beneficial solar gain available through a window, either for winter heating or for daylighting, while minimizing adverse flows.

191

Improvement of reliability of welding by in-process sensing and control (development of smart welding machines for girth welding of pipes). Final report  

SciTech Connect

Closed-loop control of the welding variables represents a promising, cost-effective approach to improving weld quality and therefore reducing the total cost of producing welded structures. The ultimate goal is to place all significant weld variables under direct closed-loop control; this contrasts with preprogrammed machines which place the welding equipment under control. As the first step, an overall strategy has been formulated and an investigation of weld pool geometry control for gas tungsten arc process has been completed. The research activities were divided into the areas of arc phenomena, weld pool phenomena, sensing techniques and control activities.

Hardt, D.E.; Masubuchi, K.; Paynter, H.M.; Unkel, W.C.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Services Via Mobility Portals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the importance of mobility portal services and the technologies that will be essential in delivering content over next generation network technologies.A discussion of some examples of the different mobile portals currently available ...

D. Ralph; C. G. Shephard

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

SCADA architecture with mobile remote components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the advent of new technologies, the demand of connecting IT systems to the Internet is increasing. This is also the case for Control systems specifically SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems. Traditional SCADA systems are connected ... Keywords: SCADA, control systems, mobility, remote components

Tai-Hoon Kim

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Mobility of the future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mobility market presents a unique growth opportunity for the automotive industry. Analyzing the global mobility market incl. people and goods transport, the automotive industry has a lower growth rate than the overall market. The mobility market ... Keywords: automotive, cybervehicles, dependability, embedded systems, privacy, security

Ulrich Huber

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Mobile communications in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

China now has the world's largest mobile communications market. In the past several years, a series of major reforms have been carried out in China's telecom industry, aiming at separating administrative and enterprise functions, breaking monopoly ... Keywords: 3G mobile services, China, TD-SCDMA, WTO, World Trade Organization, mobile communications

Ying Dong; Mingshu Li

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Development of Methodologies for Technology Deployment for Advanced Outage Control Centers that Improve Outage Coordination, Problem Resolution and Outage Risk Management  

SciTech Connect

This research effort is a part of the Light-Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program, which is a research and development (R&D) program sponsored by Department of Energy (DOE) and performed in close collaboration with industry R&D programs that provides the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe, and economical operation of current nuclear power plants. The LWRS program serves to help the U.S. nuclear industry adopt new technologies and engineering solutions that facilitate the continued safe operation of the plants and extension of the current operating licenses. The long term viability of existing nuclear power plants in the U.S. will depend upon maintaining high capacity factors, avoiding nuclear safety issues and reducing operating costs. The slow progress in the construction on new nuclear power plants has placed in increased importance on maintaining the output of the current fleet of nuclear power plants. Recently expanded natural gas production has placed increased economic pressure on nuclear power plants due to lower cost competition. Until recently, power uprate projects had steadily increased the total output of the U.S. nuclear fleet. Errors made during power plant upgrade projects have now removed three nuclear power plants from the U.S. fleet and economic considerations have caused the permanent shutdown of a fourth plant. Additionally, several utilities have cancelled power uprate projects citing economic concerns. For the past several years net electrical generation from U.S. nuclear power plants has been declining. One of few remaining areas where significant improvements in plant capacity factors can be made is in minimizing the duration of refueling outages. Managing nuclear power plant outages is a complex and difficult task. Due to the large number of complex tasks and the uncertainty that accompanies them, outage durations routinely exceed the planned duration. The ability to complete an outage on or near schedule depends upon the performance of the outage management organization. During an outage, the outage control center (OCC) is the temporary command center for outage managers and provides several critical functions for the successful execution of the outage schedule. Essentially, the OCC functions to facilitate information inflow, assist outage management in processing information and to facilitate the dissemination of information to stakeholders. Currently, outage management activities primarily rely on telephone communication, face to face reports of status and periodic briefings in the OCC. Much of the information displayed in OCCs is static and out of date requiring an evaluation to determine if it is still valid. Several advanced communication and collaboration technologies have shown promise for facilitating the information flow into, across and out of the OCC. Additionally, advances in the areas of mobile worker technologies, computer based procedures and electronic work packages can be leveraged to improve the availability of real time status to outage managers.

Shawn St. Germain; Ronald Farris; Heather Medeman

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

This work presents an improved variant of the Direct Torque Control (DTC) for a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM). The improved DTC use a higher  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM). The improved DTC use a higher number of voltage space vectors;Contents I Introduction 5 Chapter 1 Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor 6 1.1 Derivation of motor equations Voltage Source Inverter PMSM Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor 4 #12;I. Introduction Direct Torque

Johansson, Karl Henrik

198

Dynamic Analysis of Mobile Device Applications  

SciTech Connect

The On-Device Dynamic Analysis of Mobile Applications (ODAMA) project was started in an effort to protect mobile devices used in Industrial Control Systems (ICS) from cyber attack. Because mobile devices hide as much of the “computer” as possible, the user’s ability to assess the software running on their system is limited. The research team chose Google’s Android platform for this initial research because it is open source and it would give us freedom in our approach, including the ability to modify the mobile device’s operating system itself. The research team concluded that a Privileged Application was the right approach, and the result was ODAMA. This project is an important piece of the work to secure the expanding use of mobile devices with our nation’s critical infrastructure.

Corey Thuen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Evaluating The Performance Of Mobile Agents In Network Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Currently, most network management systems are centralized and therefore, they can not scale when the size or the complexity of the network increases. This paper aims to investigate mobile agent scalability in network management, in order to nd when mobile agents improve the management efficiency. We compare mobile agent performance with SNMP one in several simulations. Results show that the mobile agent performs better when the number of managed network elements ranges between two bounds and that the mobile agent is less sensitive to changes on a general topology.

Marcelo Gonçalves Rubinstein; Otto Carlos Muniz Bandeira Duarte; Marcelo Gon#alves Rubinstein; Otto Carlos Muniz B; Eira Duarte

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

An energy-efficient middleware for supporting multimedia services in mobile grid environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present techniques for exploiting intermittently available resources in grid infrastructures to support QoS-based multimedia applications on mobile devices. Specifically, we integrate power aware admission control, grid resource discovery, dynamic load-balancing and energy adaptation techniques to enable power deficient devices such as PDAs to run distributed multimedia applications. Our integrated solution adapts to dynamic changes in device energy consumption and unpredictable grid resource availabilities without compromising application Quality of Service (QoS). Our simulation results indicate that our power-aware gridbased approaches, not only improve QoS of mobile multimedia services, but also efficiently load-balance the grid resources. Keywords: Mobile Grids, Middleware optimizations for Grid, Energy Awareness

Yun Huang; Shivajit Mohapatra; Nalini Venkatasubramanian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

TransForum v7n1 - Diversity of Choices: Key to Improving Transportatio...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diversity of Choices: Key to Improving Transportation Energy Efficiency Argonne's Mobile Automotive Technology Testbed Argonne's Mobile Automotive Technology Testbed can be...

202

Knowledge management in mobile environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many knowledge management activities occur in working places and in our daily activities. On such occasions, mobile devices are tools to connect people with knowledge bases. In the mobile scenarios, the important knowledge management issue is how to ... Keywords: handheld devices, knowledge applications, knowledge sharing, m-commerce, mobile commerce, mobile communications, mobile devices, mobile knowledge management

Xiaoqing Li; Te-Wei Wang

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

New process modeling [sic], design, and control strategies for energy efficiency, high product quality, and improved productivity in the process industries. Final project report  

SciTech Connect

This project was concerned with the development of process design and control strategies for improving energy efficiency, product quality, and productivity in the process industries. In particular, (i) the resilient design and control of chemical reactors, and (ii) the operation of complex processing systems, was investigated. Specific topics studied included new process modeling procedures, nonlinear controller designs, and control strategies for multiunit integrated processes. Both fundamental and immediately applicable results were obtained. The new design and operation results from this project were incorporated into computer-aided design software and disseminated to industry. The principles and design procedures have found their way into industrial practice.

Ray, W. Harmon

2002-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

204

Voltage sag ride through using Improved Adaptive Internal Model Controller for doubly fed induction generator wind farms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the effect of a single pulse dither signal injection in adaptive internal model controller for a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind farm. Rotor current controller using adaptive internal model controller is designed ...

N. Amuthan, P. Subburaj, P. Melba Mary

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Strategy for Improvements in Cyber Security | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improvements in Cyber Security Strategy for Improvements in Cyber Security Brase-LLNL-SEAB.10.11.pdf More Documents & Publications Mobile Device Security Checklist Open...

206

Platform leadership through system interfaces : a study of application programming interfaces for mobile operating systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Smart Mobile device industry is witnessing rapid growth with the increased convergence of voice-centric mobile phones and data-centric personal digital assistant systems. Improving capabilities in device hardware have ...

Mandala, Ashok Chakravarthy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Improvements in dose accuracy delivered with static-MLC IMRT on an integrated linear accelerator control system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Dose accuracy has been shown to vary with dose per segment and dose rate when delivered with static multileaf collimator (SMLC) intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) by Varian C-series MLC controllers. The authors investigated the impact of monitor units (MUs) per segment and dose rate on the dose delivery accuracy of SMLC-IMRT fields on a Varian TrueBeam linear accelerator (LINAC), which delivers dose and manages motion of all components using a single integrated controller. Methods: An SMLC sequence was created consisting of ten identical 10 x 10 cm{sup 2} segments with identical MUs. Beam holding between segments was achieved by moving one out-of-field MLC leaf pair. Measurements were repeated for various combinations of MU/segment ranging from 1 to 40 and dose rates of 100-600 MU/min for a 6 MV photon beam (6X) and dose rates of 800-2400 MU/min for a 10 MV flattening-filter free photon (10XFFF) beam. All measurements were made with a Farmer (0.6 cm{sup 3}) ionization chamber placed at the isocenter in a solid-water phantom at 10 cm depth. The measurements were performed on two Varian LINACs: C-series Trilogy and TrueBeam. Each sequence was delivered three times and the dose readings for the corresponding segments were averaged. The effects of MU/segment, dose rate, and LINAC type on the relative dose variation ({Delta}{sub i}) were compared using F-tests ({alpha} = 0.05). Results: On the Trilogy, large {Delta}{sub i} was observed in small MU segments: at 1 MU/segment, the maximum {Delta}{sub i} was 10.1% and 57.9% at 100 MU/min and 600 MU/min, respectively. Also, the first segment of each sequence consistently overshot ({Delta}{sub i} > 0), while the last segment consistently undershot ({Delta}{sub i} dose rates greater than 100 MU/min. The linear trend of decreasing dose accuracy as a function of increasing dose rate on the Trilogy is no longer apparent on TrueBeam, even for dose rates as high as 2400 MU/min. Dose inaccuracy averaged over all ten segments in each beam delivery sequence was larger for Trilogy than TrueBeam, with the largest discrepancy (0.2% vs 3%) occurring for 1 MU/segment beams at both 300 and 600 MU/min. Conclusions: Earlier generations of Varian LINACs exhibited large dose variations for small MU segments in SMLC-IMRT delivery. Our results confirmed these findings. The dose delivery accuracy for SMLC-IMRT is significantly improved on TrueBeam compared to Trilogy for every combination of low MU/segment (1-10) and high dose rate (200-600 MU/min), in part due to the faster sampling rate (100 vs 20 Hz) and enhanced electronic integration of the MLC controller with the LINAC. SMLC-IMRT can be implemented on TrueBeam with higher dose accuracy per beam ({+-}0.2% vs {+-}3%) than previous generations of Varian C-series LINACs for 1 MU/segment delivered at 600 MU/min).

Li Ji; Wiersma, Rodney D.; Stepaniak, Christopher J.; Farrey, Karl J.; Al-Hallaq, Hania A. [Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, University of Chicago, 5758 South Maryland Avenue, MC9006, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

208

Mobile Ice Nucleus Spectrometer  

SciTech Connect

This first year report presents results from a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study to assess the flow and temperature profiles within the mobile ice nucleus spectrometer.

Kulkarni, Gourihar R.; Kok, G. L.

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

209

Mobile Concurrent Constraint Programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an extension of the concurrent constraint programming framework which supports distributed and mobile computations and an enhanced distributed synchronization mechanism.

Nicolas Romero

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Biochemical Control With Radiotherapy Improves Overall Survival in Intermediate and High-Risk Prostate Cancer Patients Who Have an Estimated 10-Year Overall Survival of >90%  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To identify subgroups of patients with carcinoma of the prostate treated with radical radiotherapy that have improved overall survival when disease is biochemically controlled. Methods and Materials: A cohort of 1,060 prostate cancer patients treated with radical radiotherapy was divided into nine subgroups based on National Comprehensive Cancer Network risk category and estimated 10-year overall survival (eOS 10y) derived from the age adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index. Patients with and without biochemical control were compared with respect to overall survival. Actuarial estimates of overall survival were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used for analysis of overall survival. Results: Median follow-up was 125 months (range, 51-176 months). Only the subgroups with high or intermediate risk disease and an eOS 10y of >90% had a statistically significantly improved overall survival when prostate cancer was biochemically controlled. In all other groups, biochemical control made no significant difference to overall survival. In the subgroup with high-risk disease and eOS 10y >90%, actuarial overall survival was 86.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] 78.5%-94.1%) and 62.1% (95% CI 52.9%-71.3%) for patients with biochemical control and biochemical relapse respectively (p = 0.002). In the intermediate risk group with eOS >90%, actuarial overall survival was 95.3% (95% CI 89.0%-100%) and 79.8% (95% CI 68.0%-91.6%) for biochemically controlled and biochemically relapsed patients (p = 0.033). On multivariate analysis, National Comprehensive Cancer Network risk group (p = 0.005), biochemical control (p = 0.033) and eOS 10y (p < 0.001) were statistically significant. Conclusion: Biochemical control translates into improved overall survival in patients with high or intermediate risk disease and an estimated 10-year overall survival of >90%.

Herbert, Christopher, E-mail: cherbert@bccancer.bc.ca [Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Liu, Mitchell; Tyldesley, Scott; Morris, W. James [Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Joffres, Michel [Department of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Surrey, BC (Canada); Khaira, Mandip; Kwan, Winkle [Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Fraser Valley Centre, Surrey, BC (Canada); Moiseenko, Vitali [Department of Medical Physics, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Pickles, Thomas [Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, BC (Canada)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

ExxonMobil | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ExxonMobil ExxonMobil Jump to: navigation, search Logo: ExxonMobil Name ExxonMobil Address 5959 Las Colinas Boulevard Place Irving, Texas Zip 75039 Product Refiner and marketer of petroleum products Stock Symbol XOM Phone number (972) 444-1000 Website http://www.exxonmobil.com/Corp Coordinates 32.890885°, -96.947458° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.890885,"lon":-96.947458,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

212

Disappearing mobile devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we extrapolate the evolution of mobile devices in one specific direction, namely miniaturization. While we maintain the concept of a device that people are aware of and interact with intentionally, we envision that this concept can become ... Keywords: gesture, input device, interaction technique, miniaturization, mobile device, sensor, ubicomp, wearable

Tao Ni; Patrick Baudisch

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A scalable group communication mechanism for mobile agents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many multi-agent applications based on mobile agents require message propagation among group of agents. A fast and scalable group communication mechanism can considerably improve performance of these applications. Unfortunately, most of the existing ... Keywords: group communication, mobile agents, multicast

Hojjat Jafarpour; Nasser Yazdani; Navid Bazzaz-zadeh

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Benefits of Using Mobile Transformers and Mobile Substations...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Service: a Report to the United States Congress Pursuant to Section 1816 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (August 2006) Benefits of Using Mobile Transformers and Mobile...

215

Energy-Saving Control of Single-Rod Hydraulic Cylinders with Programmable Valves and Improved Working Mode Selection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tremendous flexibility to control the cylinder motion while decreasing the energy usage by utilizing and individual cylinder chamber pressure control for better energy saving. With a typical four-way directional energy usage. The programmable valve configuration used in this study is seen in Figure 1. Cylinder Valve

Yao, Bin

216

A neural-fuzzy based inferential sensor for improving the control of boilers in space heating systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventionally the boilers in space heating systems are controlled by open-loop control systems due to the absence of a practical method for measuring the overall thermal comfort level in the building. This paper describes a neural-fuzzy based inferential ...

Zaiyi Liao

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

STUDENT MOBILITY IN VERMONT SCHOOLS:.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation project researched sudent mobility – school changes not due to customary promotion – and its educational correlates, for students and schools in Vermont. Student mobility… (more)

Morgan, Annabelle

218

Adaptive sampling and forecasting with mobile sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses planning of mobile sensor networks to extract the best information possible out of the environment to improve the (ensemble) forecast at some verification region in the future. To define the information ...

Choi, Han-Lim

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Reducing cold start hydrocarbon emissions from port fuel injected spark ignition engines with improved management of hardware & controls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental study was performed to investigate strategies for reducing cold start hydrocarbon (HC) emissions from port fuel injected (PFI) spark ignition (SI) engines with better use of existing hardware and control ...

Lang, Kevin R., 1980-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Improved inventory and production control on a multi-product production line : seasonality analysis, inventory supermarket, and Kanban design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research creates a system to help PDAP Electronics Singapore control its inventories and achieve demand-driven production on a multiple-product production line. One stage is chosen for study in this thesis. An inventory ...

Zhong, Yuan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Atmospheric process evaluation of mobile source emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During the past two decades there has been a considerable effort in the US to develop and introduce an alternative to the use of gasoline and conventional diesel fuel for transportation. The primary motives for this effort have been twofold: energy security and improvement in air quality, most notably ozone, or smog. The anticipated improvement in air quality is associated with a decrease in the atmospheric reactivity, and sometimes a decrease in the mass emission rate, of the organic gas and NO{sub x} emissions from alternative fuels when compared to conventional transportation fuels. Quantification of these air quality impacts is a prerequisite to decisions on adopting alternative fuels. The purpose of this report is to present a critical review of the procedures and data base used to assess the impact on ambient air quality of mobile source emissions from alternative and conventional transportation fuels and to make recommendations as to how this process can be improved. Alternative transportation fuels are defined as methanol, ethanol, CNG, LPG, and reformulated gasoline. Most of the discussion centers on light-duty AFVs operating on these fuels. Other advanced transportation technologies and fuels such as hydrogen, electric vehicles, and fuel cells, will not be discussed. However, the issues raised herein can also be applied to these technologies and other classes of vehicles, such as heavy-duty diesels (HDDs). An evaluation of the overall impact of AFVs on society requires consideration of a number of complex issues. It involves the development of new vehicle technology associated with engines, fuel systems, and emission control technology; the implementation of the necessary fuel infrastructure; and an appropriate understanding of the economic, health, safety, and environmental impacts associated with the use of these fuels. This report addresses the steps necessary to properly evaluate the impact of AFVs on ozone air quality.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Tracking Mobile Users Using User Locality in Mobile Computing Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Managing location information of mobile terminals is an important issue in mobile computing systems. The IS-41and the GSM schemes are done inefficiently in the following situations: 1 ) mobile terminals frequently move to neighboring registration area, ... Keywords: location update, location query, user locality, Mobile Computing Systems

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Analyzing multi-hop routing feasibility for sensor data harvesting using mobile sinks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a modeling framework for characterizing the feasibility and impacts of multi-hop packet routing in sensor networks with mobile sinks. Data collection in sensor networks using mobile sinks has recently been investigated to improve ... Keywords: Mobile sinks, Multi-hop hop routing, Network Assisted Navigation, Network life, Sensor networks

Jayanthi Rao; Subir Biswas

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

A survey of mobility in information-centric networks: challenges and research directions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In essence, an information-centric network (ICN) is one which supports a content request/reply model. One proposed benefit of this is improved mobility. This can refer to provider, consumer or content mobility. Despite this, little specific research ... Keywords: information-centric networking, mobility

Gareth Tyson; Nishanth Sastry; Ivica Rimac; Ruben Cuevas; Andreas Mauthe

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/ MobileMobileMobileMobile NetworkingNetworkingNetworkingNetworking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Otherwise, forward the packet to its base-station node ~ns/tcl/ex/wired-cum-wireless-sim.tcl, ~ns/tcl/lib/ns-bsnode.tcl, ~ns/tcl/mobility/{com.tcl,dsr.tcl, dsdv.tcl}, ~ns/dsdv/dsdv.{cc,h} and ~ns/dsr/dsragent.{cc,h} 4, its COA changes. ~ns/mip.{cc,h}, ~ns/mip-reg.cc, ~ns/tcl/lib/ns-mip.tcl and ~ns/tcl/lib/ns-wireless-mip.tcl

Yu, Chansu

226

Energy management in mobile devices with the cinder operating system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We argue that controlling energy allocation is an increasingly useful and important feature for operating systems, especially on mobile devices. We present two new low-level abstractions in the Cinder operating system, reserves and taps, which ... Keywords: energy, mobile phones, power management

Arjun Roy; Stephen M. Rumble; Ryan Stutsman; Philip Levis; David Mazières; Nickolai Zeldovich

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Assessment of Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Data Mining for Wind Turbine Condition Monitoring and Performance Improvement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the wind industry grows and matures, many of the larger wind turbines (2 MW and above) are being outfitted with sophisticated condition-monitoring systems (CMSs), supplied either by the original equipment manufacturer or through a third party to reduce failures, decrease maintenance downtime, and improve reliability. Such systems use vibration sensors in key positions and lubrication oil analysis, with costs of the hardware relatively high, and suffer from spurious alarms. The lifetime cost-benefit ra...

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

228

Evaluation of performance enhancement of solar powered absorption chiller with an improved control strategy using the BNL-built hardware simulator  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An experimental study was conducted for the procurement of transient and cycling performance characteristics of an advanced, solar absorption chiller. The results of the various combinations of on/off cycling runs showed that the net capacity loss during the start-up transient period could be significantly reduced when the residual cooling capacity generated during the off-period is compensated to the initial loss. Furthermore, the experimental investigation showed that the performance degradation, due to inherent transient behavior of a chiller, could be significantly improved by a simple control modification. The degree of performance under the modified control mode, as a function of the cycle period and such effects on the integrated chiller performance, have been thoroughly investigated. Under the modified control mode the need of a large cold-side storage may no longer exist. This may offer significant economical advantages, especially for small residential cooling systems, without sacrifice in their performances.

Auh, P.C.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

EERE: Clean Cities Mobile Sites  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Clean Cities Mobile Sites Alternative Fueling Station Locator FuelEconomy.gov Truck Stop Electrification Locator...

230

Federal Mobility Technical Exchange Meeting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1010 - 1030 - National Information Assurance Partnership (NIAP), Mobility Protection Profiles - Mr. Tuan Nguyen. 1030 ...

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

231

Mobile autonomous robotic apparatus for radiologic characterization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mobile robotic system is described that conducts radiological surveys to map alpha, beta, and gamma radiation on surfaces in relatively level open areas or areas containing obstacles such as stored containers or hallways, equipment, walls and support columns. The invention incorporates improved radiation monitoring methods using multiple scintillation detectors, the use of laser scanners for maneuvering in open areas, ultrasound pulse generators and receptors for collision avoidance in limited space areas or hallways, methods to trigger visible alarms when radiation is detected, and methods to transmit location data for real-time reporting and mapping of radiation locations on computer monitors at a host station. A multitude of high performance scintillation detectors detect radiation while the on-board system controls the direction and speed of the robot due to pre-programmed paths. The operators may revise the preselected movements of the robotic system by ethernet communications to remonitor areas of radiation or to avoid walls, columns, equipment, or containers. The robotic system is capable of floor survey speeds of from 1/2-inch per second up to about 30 inches per second, while the on-board processor collects, stores, and transmits information for real-time mapping of radiation intensity and the locations of the radiation for real-time display on computer monitors at a central command console. 4 figs.

Dudar, A.M.; Ward, C.R.; Jones, J.D.; Mallet, W.R.; Harpring, L.J.; Collins, M.X.; Anderson, E.K.

1999-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

232

Transaction Processing in Mobile, Heterogeneous Database Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract¿As technological advances are made in software and hardware, the feasibility of accessing information "any time, anywhere" is becoming a reality. Furthermore, the diversity and amount of information available to a given user is increasing at ... Keywords: Mobile computing environment, global information sharing process, concurrency control, caching and prefetching, simulation and analysis.

James B. Lim; A. R. Hurson

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Smart Cruise Control.pub  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cruise Control: An ITS Application for Improved Cruise Control: An ITS Application for Improved Fuel Economy, Safety, and Traffic Congestion Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract number DE-AC05-00OR22725 Research Areas Freight Flows Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies Research Brief T he U.S. Department of Transportation's (DOT's) IntelliDrive Program promises significant advances in safety, mobility and the environment. Some of the greatest challenges in transportation today are associated with reducing fuel consumption and vehicle emissions, improving safety on the roadway, and in increasing the efficiency of use of the highway infrastructure, which is becoming

234

Research and development of application of mobile barcode to mobile sightseeing guide on mobile phone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With rapid developments in the combined technologies of tourism and mobile communications, Internet access is readily available, anytime and anywhere. The mobile data service industry has gradually replaced voice services, and become the target market ... Keywords: GIS, LBS, mobile barcode, mobile tourist guide map, wireless network

Chih Ming Chen; Tingsheng Weng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Improving the Cost-Effectiveness of Artificial Visual Baits for Controlling the Tsetse Fly Glossina fuscipes fuscipes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tsetse flies, which transmit sleeping sickness to humans and nagana to cattle, are commonly controlled by stationary artificial baits consisting of traps or insecticide-treated screens known as targets. In Kenya the use of electrocuting sampling devices showed that the numbers of Glossina fuscipes fuscipes (Newstead) visiting a biconical trap were nearly double those visiting a black target of 100 cm6100 cm. However, only 40 % of the males and 21 % of the females entered the trap, whereas 71 % and 34%, respectively, alighted on the target. The greater number visiting the trap appeared to be due to its being largely blue, rather than being three-dimensional or raised above the ground. Through a series of variations of target design we show that a blue-and-black panel of cloth (0.06 m 2) flanked by a panel (0.06 m 2) of fine black netting, placed at ground level, would be about ten times more cost-effective than traps or large targets in control campaigns. This finding has important implications for controlling all subspecies of G. fuscipes, which are currently responsible for more than 90 % of sleeping sickness cases.

Jenny M. Lindh; Steve J. Torr; Glyn A. Vale; Mike J. Lehane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Improved efficiency and precise temperature control of low-frequency induction-heating pure iron vapor source on ECR ion source  

SciTech Connect

Multiply charged ions to be used prospectively are produced from solid pure material in an electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS). Recently a pure iron source is also required for the production of caged iron ions in the fullerene in order to control cells in vivo in bio-nano science and technology. We adopt directly heating iron rod by induction heating (IH) because it has non-contact with insulated materials which are impurity gas sources. We choose molybdenum wire for the IH coils because it doesn't need water cooling. To improve power efficiency and temperature control, we propose to the new circuit without previously using the serial and parallel dummy coils (SPD) for matching and safety. We made the circuit consisted of inductively coupled coils which are thin-flat and helix shape, and which insulates the IH power source from the evaporator. This coupling coils circuit, i.e. insulated induction heating coil transformer (IHCT), can be move mechanically. The secondary current can be adjusted precisely and continuously. Heating efficiency by using the IHCT is much higher than those of previous experiments by using the SPD, because leakage flux is decreased and matching is improved simultaneously. We are able to adjust the temperature in heating the vapor source around melting point. And then the vapor pressure can be controlled precisely by using the IHCT. We can control {+-}10K around 1500 Degree-Sign C by this method, and also recognize to controlling iron vapor flux experimentally in the extreme low pressures. Now we come into next stage of developing induction heating vapor source for materials with furthermore high temperature melting points above 2000K with the IHCT, and then apply it in our ECRIS.

Kato, Y.; Takenaka, T.; Yano, K.; Kiriyama, R.; Kurisu, Y.; Nozaki, D.; Muramatsu, M.; Kitagawa, A.; Uchida, T.; Yoshida, Y.; Sato, F.; Iida, T. [Osaka Univ., 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871 (Japan); National Institute of Radiological Science (NIRS), 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage, Chiba, 263-8555 (Japan); Bio-Nano Electronics Research Centre, Toyo Univ., 2100 Kuzirai, Kawagoe, Saitama, 350-8585 (Japan); Osaka Univ., 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871 (Japan)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

237

Mobile systems capability plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This plan was prepared to initiate contracting for and deployment of these mobile system services. 102,000 cubic meters of retrievable, contact-handled TRU waste are stored at many sites around the country. Also, an estimated 38,000 cubic meters of TRU waste will be generated in the course of waste inventory workoff and continuing DOE operations. All the defense TRU waste is destined for disposal in WIPP near Carlsbad NM. To ship TRU waste there, sites must first certify that the waste meets WIPP waste acceptance criteria. The waste must be characterized, and if not acceptable, subjected to additional processing, including repackaging. Most sites plan to use existing fixed facilities or open new ones between FY1997-2006 to perform these functions; small-quantity sites lack this capability. An alternative to fixed facilities is the use of mobile systems mounted in trailers or skids, and transported to sites. Mobile systems will be used for all characterization and certification at small sites; large sites can also use them. The Carlsbad Area Office plans to pursue a strategy of privatization of mobile system services, since this offers a number of advantages. To indicate the possible magnitude of the costs of deploying mobile systems, preliminary estimates of equipment, maintenance, and operating costs over a 10-year period were prepared and options for purchase, lease, and privatization through fixed-price contracts considered.

NONE

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Providing quality of service of information through mobility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper develops mobility control strategies for robotic agents to provide quality of service of information while carrying out active sensing tasks. Like wireless communication concepts of quality of service, a new metric is developed to encapsulate ...

Eric W. Frew

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

The Mobile Animator: Interactive Character Animation in Collaborative Virtual Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have designed a mobile -PDA-based- interfacefor real-time control of virtual characters in multiusersemi-immersive Virtual Environments -using a large rear-projectionscreen. The proof-of-concept implementation wepresent shows the potential of handheld ...

Mario Gutiérrez; Frédéric Vexo; Daniel Thalmann

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Energy Management in Mobile Devices with the Cinder Operating System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that controlling energy allocation is an increasingly useful and important feature for operating systems, especially on mobile devices. We present two new low-level abstractions in the Cinder operating system, ...

Roy, Arjun

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Energy management in mobile devices with the cinder operating system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that controlling energy allocation is an increasingly useful and important feature for operating systems, especially on mobile devices. We present two new low-level abstractions in the Cinder operating system, ...

Roy, Arjun

242

A Practical Sense of Knowing: Exploring Awareness Strategies in a Mobile Workplace  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents and discusses strategies used by homecare workers to establish and maintain awareness in a mobile workplace. It capitalizes on data derived from a longitudinal translocal ethnographic study of homecare and the utilization of mobile ... Keywords: Autonomy, Awareness, Control, Cooperative Work, Homecare Work, Mobile Technology

Carljohan Orre; Leon A. Watts

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

International Atomic Energy Agency specialists meeting on experience in ageing, maintenance, and modernization of instrumentation and control systems for improving nuclear power plant availability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the proceedings of the Specialist`s Meeting on Experience in Aging, Maintenance and Modernization of Instrumentation and Control Systems for Improving Nuclear Power Plant Availability that was held at the Ramada Inn in Rockville, Maryland on May 5--7, 1993. The Meeting was presented in cooperation with the Electric Power Research Institute, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the International Atomic Energy Agency. There were approximately 65 participants from 13 countries at the Meeting. Individual reports have been cataloged separately.

Not Available

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Improved catalyst materials and emission control systems. CRADA final report for CRADA Number ORNL 92-0115  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall goal of this CRADA was the improvement of performance and/or development of alternate systems for conventional fuel, flex-fuel, and alternate fuel vehicles in order to meet stringent future emission standards. The objectives had three major thrusts: (1) the characterization of the structural and chemical evolution of the precious metals and washcoat during aging under bench flow reactor, engine dynamometer, and vehicle conditions; (2) the correlation of measured catalyst performance and degradation over time with details of microstructural changes under bench flow reactor and engine dynamometer conditions; and (3) the simulation and testing of an in-cylinder catalyst system to determine the effect on emissions of a single-cylinder engine. Catalyst formulations for both gasoline and natural gas applications were studied. The emission testing and structural characterization were performed on alternate formulations and processing variables in order to evaluate the relative conversion efficiency, lifetime, and stability. The aging parameters were correlated with the evolving structure and properties of the tested catalytic converters. A major portion of the second thrust area was the construction and validation of both the bench flow reactor and engine dynamometer test facility and the identification of deactivation/regeneration mechanisms associated with alternative fuels relative to those for conventional fuel. A number of microstructural changes were identified that could contribute to the deactivation of the catalyst during aging. The stability of several catalyst formulations and alternate processing procedures relative to these microstructural changes and changes in conversion efficiency and lifetime were studied.

Kenik, E.A.; More, K.L.; Domingo, N.; Storey, J.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); LaBarge, W.; Beckmeyer, R.F.; Theis, J.R. [Delphi Automotive Systems, Flint, MI (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Compatpm: Enabling energy efficient multimedia workloads for distributed mobile platforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The computation and communication abilities of modern platforms are enabling increasingly capable cooperative distributed mobile systems. An example is distributed multimedia processing of sensor data in robots deployed for search and rescue, where a system manager can exploit the application’s cooperative nature to optimize the distribution of roles and tasks in order to successfully accomplish the mission. Because of limited battery capacities, a critical task a manager must perform is online energy management. While support for power management has become common for the components that populate mobile platforms, what is lacking is integration and explicit coordination across the different management actions performed in a variety of system layers. This papers develops an integration approach for distributed multimedia applications, where a global manager specifies both a power operating point and a workload for a node to execute. Surprisingly, when jointly considering power and QoS, experimental evaluations show that using a simple deadline-driven approach to assigning frequencies can be non-optimal. These trends are further affected by certain characteristics of underlying power management mechanisms, which in our research, are identified as groupings that classify component power management as “compatible ” (VFC) or “incompatible ” (VFI) with voltage and frequency scaling. We build on these findings to develop CompatPM, a vertically integrated control strategy for power management in distributed mobile systems. Experimental evaluations of CompatPM indicate average energy improvements of 8 % when platform resources are managed jointly rather than independently, demonstrating that previous attempts to maximize battery life by simply minimizing frequency are inappropriate from a platform-level perspective.

Ripal Nathuji; Keith J. O’hara; Karsten Schwan; Tucker Balch

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Mobile Traffic Management System Test Deployment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surveillance and mobile ramp metering trailers from thetest focused on mobile ramp metering, video collection andand smaller mobile ramp metering (MRM) trailers. The FOT MRM

Gerfen, Jeffrey Brian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Characterizing User Mobility in Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on developing new realistic mobility models for simulations.on developing new realistic mobility models for simulations.the choice of new destination in real human mobility, we

Nunes, Bruno Astuto Arouche

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

SLS complementary logic devices with increase carrier mobility  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In an electronic device comprising a semiconductor material and having at least one performance characteristic which is limited by the mobility of holes in the semiconductor material, said mobility being limited because of a valence band degeneracy among high-mobility and low-mobility energy levels accessible to said holes at the energy-momentum space maximum, an improvement is provided wherein the semiconductor material is a strained layer superlattice (SLS) whose layer compositions and layer thicknesses are selected so that the strain on the layers predominantly containing said at least one carrier type splits said degeneracy and modifies said energy levels around said energy-momentum space maximum in a manner whereby said limitation on the mobility of said holes is alleviated. 5 figures.

Chaffin, R.J.; Osbourn, G.C.; Zipperian, T.E.

1991-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

249

Guidance for Deployment of Mobile Technologies for Nuclear Power Plant Field Workers  

SciTech Connect

This report is a guidance document prepared for the benefit of commercial nuclear power plants’ (NPPs) supporting organizations and personnel who are considering or undertaking deployment of mobile technology for the purpose of improving human performance and plant status control (PSC) for field workers in an NPP setting. This document especially is directed at NPP business managers, Electric Power Research Institute, Institute of Nuclear Power Operations, and other non-Information Technology personnel. This information is not intended to replace basic project management practices or reiterate these processes, but is to support decision-making, planning, and preparation of a business case.

Heather D. Medema; Ronald K. Farris

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Mobile information services enabled by mobile publishing (MIS-MP)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile users and devices want to discover and share a growing range of information as the processing and storage capabilities of mobile devices grow. For example, users want to discover nearby networks, and location-based or time-sensitive user information ... Keywords: collaboration, dynamic information collection, information discovery, information retrieval, information sharing, location-based information, mobile information, mobile publishing, network discovery, scouts, service

Tao Zhang; Eric van den Berg; Sunil Madhani; Ashutosh Dutta; Shantidev Mohanti

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Haptic communication for remote mobile and manipulator robot operations in hazardous environments.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nuclear decommissioning involves the use of remotely deployed mobile vehicles and manipulators controlled via teleoperation systems. Manipulators are used for tooling and sorting tasks, and… (more)

Counsell, M

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Parallel Magnetic Flow Electromagnet for Movable Coil Control-rod Driving Mechanism  

SciTech Connect

The parallel magnetic flow electromagnet can effectively relax the saturation, which easily takes place in the single magnetic flow electromagnet, and accordingly can improve the drive capacity of the movable coil electromagnet drive mechanism for a mobile reactor control rod. (authors)

Jige, Zhang [School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200030, P.R.China, 1954 Huashan road, Shanghai (China)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

A mobile relational algebra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of the dynamic query optimization methods proposed in the literature are centralized. This centralization, in a large-scale environment, generates a bottleneck due to relatively important message exchange on a network with a weak bandwidth and strong ... Keywords: Large scale data distribution, decentralization, dynamic query optimization, mobile agents, performance evaluation

Franck Morvan; Abdelkader Hameurlain

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Mobile lighting apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mobile lighting apparatus includes a portable frame such as a moveable trailer or skid having a light tower thereon. The light tower is moveable from a stowed position to a deployed position. A hydrogen-powered fuel cell is located on the portable frame to provide electrical power to an array of the energy efficient lights located on the light tower.

Roe, George Michael; Klebanoff, Leonard Elliott; Rea, Gerald W; Drake, Robert A; Johnson, Terry A; Wingert, Steven John; Damberger, Thomas A; Skradski, Thomas J; Radley, Christopher James; Oros, James M; Schuttinger, Paul G; Grupp, David J; Prey, Stephen Carl

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

255

Whirlpool routing for mobility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the Whirlpool Routing Protocol (WARP), which efficiently routes data to a node moving within a static mesh. The key insight in WARP's design is that data traffic can use an existing routing gradient to efficiently probe the topology, repair ... Keywords: collection protocol, mobile routing, sensor network

Jung Woo Lee; Branislav Kusy; Tahir Azim; Basem Shihada; Philip Levis

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Towards Manageable Mobile Agent Infrastructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of managing distributed mobile agent infrastructures. First, the weaknesses of current mobile agent implementations will be discussed and identified from the manageability viewpoint. The solutions devised and experimented ...

Paulo Simões; Paulo Marques; Luís Moura Silva; João Gabriel Silva; Fernando Boavida

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Semantic mapping using mobile robots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Robotic mapping is the process of automatically constructing an environment representation using mobile robots. We address the problem of semantic mapping, which consists of using mobile robots to create maps that represent not only metric occupancy ...

Denis Fernando Wolf / Gaurav S. Sukhatme

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Evaluating mobile agent platform security  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Agent mobility requires additional security standards. While the theoretical aspects of mobile agent security have been widely studied, there are few studies about the security standards of current agent platforms. In this paper, test cases are proposed ...

Axel Bürkle; Alice Hertel; Wilmuth Müller; Martin Wieser

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Mobile process description and execution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile devices are increasingly aware of their respective locations and vicinity and tend to communicate rather loosely with each other; therefore asynchronous communication paradigms are used predominately so far for corresponding mobile applications. ...

Christian P. Kunze; Sonja Zaplata; Winfried Lamersdorf

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Knowledge-based mobility management for personal agents in the all-mobile network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper deals with mobility management in the all-mobile network where mobile and intelligent software agents represent the users in the network and support terminal, user and service mobility. A mobility management model, suitable for the agent's ...

Ignac Lovrek; Vjekoslav Sinkovic

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Mobile Grid Routing Algorithm in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks with Obstacles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile grid provides mobile devices with a high reliability, performance and cost-efficiency. Physical limitations of the mobile devices make necessary the adaptation of the services that mobile grid can provide to the mobile devices. In the paper, we ...

Di Wu; Ning Tong; Keqiu Li

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Long range hopping mobility platform.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has developed a mesoscale hopping mobility platform (Hopper) to overcome the longstanding problems of mobility and power in small scale unmanned vehicles. The system provides mobility in situations such as negotiating tall obstacles and rough terrain that are prohibitive for other small ground base vehicles. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Administration (DARPA) provided the funding for the hopper project.

Spletzer, Barry Louis; Fischer, Gary John

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

EFFECT OF MOBILITY ON PERFORMANCE OF WIRELESS AD-HOC NETWORK PROTOCOLS.  

SciTech Connect

We empirically study the effect of mobility on the performance of protocols designed for wireless adhoc networks. An important ohjective is to study the interaction of the Routing and MAC layer protocols under different mobility parameters. We use three basic mobility models: grid mobility model, random waypoint model, and exponential correlated random model. The performance of protocols was measured in terms of (i) latency, (ii) throughput, (iii) number of packels received, (iv) long term fairness and (v) number of control packets at the MAC layer level. Three different commonly studied routing protocols were used: AODV, DSR and LAR1. Similarly three well known MAC protocols were used: MACA, 802.1 1 and CSMA. The inair1 conclusion of our study include the following: 1. 'I'he performance of the: network varies widely with varying mobility models, packet injection rates and speeds; and can ba in fact characterized as fair to poor depending on the specific situation. Nevertheless, in general, it appears that the combination of AODV and 802.1 I is far better than other combination of routing and MAC protocols. 2. MAC layer protocols interact with routing layer protocols. This concept which is formalized using statistics implies that in general it is not meaningful to speak about a MAC or a routing protocol in isolation. Such an interaction leads to trade-offs between the amount of control packets generated by each layer. More interestingly, the results wise the possibility of improving the performance of a particular MAC layer protocol by using a cleverly designed routing protocol or vice-versa. 3. Routing prolocols with distributed knowledge about routes are more suitable for networks with mobility. This is seen by comparing the performance of AODV with DSR or LAR scheme 1. In DSli and IAR scheme 1, information about a computed path is being stored in the route query control packct. 4. MAC layer protocols have varying performance with varying mobility models. It is not only speed that influences the performance but also node degree and connectivity of the dynamic network that affects the protocol performance. 'The main implication of OUI' work is that performance analysis of protocols at a given level in the protocol stack need to be studied not locally in isolation but as a part of the complete protocol stack. The results suggest that in order to improve the pcrlormance of a communication network, it will be important to study the entire protocol stack as a single algorithmic construct; optimizing individual layers in the 7 layer OS1 stilck will not yield performance improvements beyond a point. A methodological contribution of this paper is the use of statistical methods such as design of experinierits arzd aiialysis qf variance methods to characterize the interaction between the protocols, mobility patterns and speed. This allows us to mako much more informed conclusions about the performance of thc protocols than would have been possible by merely running these experiments and observing the data. These ideas are of independtmt interest and are applicable in other contexts wherein one experimentally analyzes algorithms.

Barrett, C. L. (Christopher L.); Drozda, M. (Martin); Marathe, M. V. (Madhav V.); Marathe, A. (Achla)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Broadcast Approach for UMTS Mobility Database Recovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) provides high bandwidth packet data services to mobile users. To support mobility management, an MM context is established for every mobile station in its corresponding Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN). ... Keywords: Broadcast, Mobility Management (MM) Context, Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN), Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS).

Sok-Ian Sou; Yi-Bing Lin

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Mobile gaming: Industry challenges and policy implications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile games are a prime example of a successful mobile application and demonstrate the increasing range of platforms for the media and entertainment industries. Against this convergent background, this paper introduces the basic features of the mobile ... Keywords: Gaming industry, Mobile content and applications, Mobile ecosystem, Mobile gaming

Claudio Feijoo; José-Luis Gómez-Barroso; Juan-Miguel Aguado; Sergio Ramos

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Mobile Biomass Pelletizing System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This grant project examines multiple aspects of the pelletizing process to determine the feasibility of pelletizing biomass using a mobile form factor system. These aspects are: the automatic adjustment of the die height in a rotary-style pellet mill, the construction of the die head to allow the use of ceramic materials for extreme wear, integrating a heat exchanger network into the entire process from drying to cooling, the use of superheated steam for adjusting the moisture content to optimum, the economics of using diesel power to operate the system; a break-even analysis of estimated fixed operating costs vs. tons per hour capacity. Initial development work has created a viable mechanical model. The overall analysis of this model suggests that pelletizing can be economically done using a mobile platform.

Thomas Mason

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

267

Simulation and Economic Screening of Improved Oil Recovery Methods with Emphasis on Injection Profile Control Including Waterflooding, Polymer Flooding and a Thermally Activated Deep Diverting Gel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The large volume of water produced during the extraction of oil presents a significant problem due to the high cost of disposal in an environmentally friendly manner. On average, an estimated seven barrels of water is produced per barrel of oil in the US alone and the associated treatment and disposal cost is an estimated $5-10 billion. Besides making oil-water separation more complex, produced water also causes problems such as corrosion in the wellbore, decline in production rate and ultimate recovery of hydrocarbons and premature well or field abandonment. Water production can be more problematic during waterflooding in a highly heterogeneous reservoir with vertical communication between layers leading to unevenness in the flood front, cross-flow between high and low permeability layers and early water breakthrough from high permeability layers. Some of the different technologies that can be used to counteract this involve reducing the mobility of water or using a permeability block in the higher permeability, swept zones. This research was initiated to evaluate the potential effectiveness of the latter method, known as deep diverting gels (DDG) to plug thief zones deep within the reservoir and far from the injection well. To evaluate the performance of DDG, its injection was modeled, sensitivities run for a range of reservoir characteristics and conditions and an economic analysis was also performed. The performance of the DDG was then compared to other recovery methods, specifically waterflooding and polymer flooding from a technical and economic perspective. A literature review was performed on the background of injection profile control methods, their respective designs and technical capabilities. For the methods selected, Schlumberger's Eclipse software was used to simulate their behavior in a reservoir using realistic and simplified assumptions of reservoir characteristics and fluid properties. The simulation results obtained were then used to carry out economic analyses upon which conclusions and recommendations are based. These results show that the factor with the largest impact on the economic success of this method versus a polymer flood was the amount of incremental oil produced. By comparing net present values of the different methods, it was found that the polymer flood was the most successful with the highest NPV for each configuration followed by DDG.

Okeke, Tobenna

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Mobile workstation for decontamination and decommissioning operations  

SciTech Connect

This project is an interdisciplinary effort to develop effective mobile worksystems for decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) of facilities within the DOE Nuclear Weapons Complex. These mobile worksystems will be configured to operate within the environmental and logistical constraints of such facilities and to perform a number of work tasks. Our program is designed to produce a mobile worksystem with capabilities and features that are matched to the particular needs of D&D work by evolving the design through a series of technological developments, performance tests and evaluations. The project has three phases. In this the first phase, an existing teleoperated worksystem, the Remote Work Vehicle (developed for use in the Three Mile Island Unit 2 Reactor Building basement), was enhanced for telerobotic performance of several D&D operations. Its ability to perform these operations was then assessed through a series of tests in a mockup facility that contained generic structures and equipment similar to those that D&D work machines will encounter in DOE facilities. Building upon the knowledge gained through those tests and evaluations, a next generation mobile worksystem, the RWV II, and a more advanced controller will be designed, integrated and tested in the second phase, which is scheduled for completion in January 1995. The third phase of the project will involve testing of the RWV II in the real DOE facility.

Whittaker, W.L.; Osborn, J.F.; Thompson, B.R. [Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Robotics Inst.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Predictors of Social Mobilization Speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

social mobilization, mobilization speed, demographics Acknowledgement: The authors would like to thank Anton Phillips for operational and financial support as the general manager at Langley Castle, Sunny Cheung for designing and implementing the web site software, and Wei Pan for insights and suggestions based on his experience with the Red Balloon experiment. The authors would also like to thank Roy Welsch and Frank Harrell for their help in statistical interpretation. Contact Stuart Madnick for access to the contest data. Mobilization across social networks is becoming increasingly influential, but little is known about what traits of individuals and their relationships affect their speed of mobilization between them. We ran a global social mobilization contest and recorded personal traits of the participants and those they mobilized. We examined how those traits influenced the speed of mobilization. Individuals mobilized faster when they heard about the contest directly from the contest organization, and decreased in speed when hearing from less personal source types (e.g. family vs. media). Mobilization was faster when the mobilizer and

Jeff Alstott; Stuart Madnick; Chander Velu; Jeff Alstott Stuart Madnick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

A CANONICAL MEASURE OF MOBILITY FOR MOBILE AD ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... [8] Xiaoyan Hong, Mario Gerla, Guangyu Pei, and Ching-Chuan Chi- ang, “A group mobility model for ad hoc wireless networks,” in Proceedings of ...

2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

271

Mobile learning challenges and potentials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transition to an information society and the therewith strongly related need of lifelong and life-wide learning on the one hand, and the increasing coverage of and developments in mobile information and communication technology on the other hand ... Keywords: ICT, barriers, benefits, challenges, definitions, e-learning, lifelong learning, m-learning applications, m-learning initiatives, mobile education, mobile learning, online learning, problems, ubiquitous learning

Michaela Denk; Michael Weber; Roland Belfin

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Secure mobile subscription of sensor-encrypted data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an end-to-end encryption model for a wireless sensor network (WSN), the network control center preloads encryption and decryption keys to the sensor nodes and the subscribers respectively, such that a subscriber can use a mobile device in the deployment ... Keywords: access control, compact key size, data confidentiality, sensor network security, subscription-based key management, weak computational device

Cheng-Kang Chu; Wen Tao Zhu; Sherman S. M. Chow; Jianying Zhou; Robert H. Deng

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Privilege Management of Mobile Agents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A number of models exist for describing ... Figure 1: Agent System Model Mobile agent ... encountered in deploying agent-based applications [Jan99]. ...

2000-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

274

Parasitic mobility for sensate media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distributed sensor networks offer many new capabilities for monitoring environments with applicability to medical, industrial, military, anthropological, and experiential fields. By making such systems mobile, we increase ...

Laibowitz, Matthew Joel, 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Mobile digital calendars in knowledge work  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article investigates the usage of mobile digital-calendar solutions in a knowledge work setting through the means of an empirical survey (n = 220) among managers and experts in a global telecommunications company. It is indicated, that the mobile digital ... Keywords: PIM, calendar use, digital calendars, electronic calendaring, electronic scheduling, global telecommunications, knowledge work, mobile calendars, mobile communications, mobile computing, personal information management

Anna Sell

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Extending knowledge management to mobile workplaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge and Knowledge Management (KM) are evolving into an increasingly eminent source of competitive advantage. However, for the time being, the potential of KM is usually limited to stationary workplaces. This excludes a multiplicity of mobile workers, ... Keywords: knowledge management, mobile added values, mobile business processes, mobile commerce, mobile knowledge management

Volker Derballa; Key Pousttchi

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Navigating in a mobile XHTML application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Internet has been a great success in the fixed world, whereas WAP (Wireless Application Protocol), the mobile Internet, has not fulfilled its promise. However, now the analysts have started to believe in a rise of the mobile Internet again. WAP 2.0, ... Keywords: WAP, XHTML mobile profile, mobile internet, mobile phones, navigation, wireless web

Anne Kaikkonen; Virpi Roto

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Mobility changes anonymity: new passive threats in mobile ad hoc networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobility Changes Anonymity: New Passive Threats in Mobile AdThese new aspects are all introduced by mobility and leftThese new threats are all introduced by mobility and are

Hong, Xiaoyan; Kong, Jiejun; Gerla, Mario

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Coordinating Locomotion and Manipulation of a Mobile Manipulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A mobile manipulator in this study is a manipulator mounted on a mobile platform. Assuming the end point of the manipulator is guided , e.g., by a human operator to follow an arbitrary trajectory, it is desirable that the mobile platform is able to move as to position the manipulator in certain preferred configurations. Since the motion of the manipulator is unknown a priori, the platform has to use the measured joint position information of the manipulator for its own motion planning. This paper presents a control algorithm for the platform so that the manipulator is always positioned at the preferred configurations measured by its manipulability. Simulation results are presented to illustrate the efficacy of the algorithm. The algorithm is also implemented and verified on a real mobile manipulator system. The use of the resulting algorithm in a number of applications is also discussed. I. Introduction When a human writes across a board, he positions his arm in a comfortable writin...

Yoshio Yamamoto; Xiaoping Yun

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Mobility Modeling for Personal Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Personal Network (PN) is a user-centric design interconnecting numerous devices belonging to a user in different geographic locations, such as home, office, car, etc., to form a single global network to offer fully personalized services. In PNs devices ... Keywords: Mobility model, PN clustering protocol, PN mobility model, Personal Networks, Stability analysis

Yanying Gu; R. Venkatesha Prasad; Ignas Niemegeers

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Visualization of mobile object environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a system for visualizing mobile object frameworks. In such frameworks, the objects can migrate to remote hosts, along with their state and behavior, while the application is running. An innovative graph-based visualization is used ... Keywords: distributed software visualization, mobile objects, software visualization

Yaniv Frishman; Ayellet Tal

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Next generation mobile care solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Customer care has evolved over the years. In the pursuit for cost effective options that would result in reducing the cost on maintaining a large customer support team, IVR was developed to provide automated response based on a selection made by the ... Keywords: IVR systems, customer support, enterprise mobility, mobile care

Jithesh Sathyan; Manesh Sadasivan

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Dependency Analysis of Mobile Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose an Abstract Interpretation-based static analysis for automatically detecting the dependencies between the names linked to the agents of a mobile system. We focus our study on the mobile systems written in the ¿-calculus. We first refine the ...

Jérôme Feret

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Forensic examination of mobile phones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proliferation of mobile phones in society has led to a concomitant increase in their use in and connected to criminal activity. The examination and analysis of all telecommunications equipment has become an important aid to law enforcement in the ... Keywords: Cellular telephone network, Forensic investigation, Mobile phones, SIM cards

Barrie Mellars

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Mobile Malware Attacks and Defense  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Malware has gone mobile, and the security landscape is changing quickly with emerging attacks on cell phones, PDAs, and other mobile devices. This first book on the growing threat covers a wide range of malware targeting operating systems like Symbian ... Keywords: Applied, Computer Science, Computers, Handheld Computing, Macintosh, Security, Viruses

Ken Dunham

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Prescriptive persuasion and open-ended social awareness: expanding the design space of mobile health  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most mobile technology systems designed to encourage healthy decisions focus on prescriptive persuasion, telling the user either implicitly or explicitly what to do, as the primary means of improving health. However, other technically and socially viable ... Keywords: awareness, mobile health, persuasion, reflective hci, user experience

Eric P.S. Baumer; Sherri Jean Katz; Jill E. Freeman; Phil Adams; Amy L. Gonzales; John Pollak; Daniela Retelny; Jeff Niederdeppe; Christine M. Olson; Geri K. Gay

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Monitoring quality optimization in wireless sensor networks with a mobile sink  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The exploitation of sink mobility has been proven to improve various network performance significantly, including network lifetime, data delivery latency, network connectivity, and so on. In this paper we consider a novel network model consisting of ... Keywords: distance-constrained tour, energy efficiency, mobile sink, monitoring quality

Xu Xu; Weifa Liang

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Toward an mPolicing solution for Namibia: leveraging emerging mobile platforms and crime mapping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a system designed for the Namibian Police to empower officers to create and maintain crime and accident reports more effectively and more efficiently by improving the current paper based procedures. Beyond the digitalization ... Keywords: HCI4D, ICT4D, context-aware, crime and accident reporting, crime mapping, ePolicing, mobile, mobile data capture

Kasper L. Jensen; Hedvig N. K. Iipito; Michel U. Onwordi; Sebastian Mukumbira

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

An Evaluation Framework for ITS Applications: Mobility, Safety and Environmental Sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Evaluation Framework for ITS Applications: Mobility, Safety and Environmental Sustainability Oak, are aimed at improving safety, mobility, and environmental sustainability. To determine the real benefits new technologies. Given the increasing variety of ITS applications and the fast pace of technological

290

Mobile RFID applications and security challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With mobile RFID technology, handheld portable devices like mobile phones and PDAs, also behave as RFID readers and RFID tags. As RFID readers, mobile phones provide an user-friendly approach to quickly and efficiently scan, access and view information ...

Divyan M. Konidala; Kwangjo Kim

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

An energy efficient platform for mobile robot  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exploration of an unknown environment by autonomous mobile robot is a fundamental concern in mobile robotics. Today most of the mobile robots are powered by batteries so their energy and operation times are limited. Therefore

Sonali Patel; Ritu Tiwari; Anupam Shukla

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Mobile Source Air Toxics Rule (released in AEO2008)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On February 9, 2007, the EPA released its MSAT2 rule, which will establish controls on gasoline, passenger vehicles, and portable fuel containers. The controls are designed to reduce emissions of benzene and other hazardous air pollutants. Benzene is a known carcinogen, and the EPA estimates that mobile sources produced more than 70 percent of all benzene emissions in 1999. Other mobile source air toxics, including 1,3-butadiene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein, and naphthalene, also are thought to increase cancer rates or contribute to other serious health problems.

Information Center

2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

293

Mobile Technology for Children: Designing for Interaction and Learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the goal of improving the design of mobile technology for children, On the Move brings together contributions from HCI leaders in research, and industry, and technology and education based policy experts to analyze and evaluate and present solutions. ... Keywords: Internet, User Interfaces

Allison Druin

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

MAR: a commuter router infrastructure for the mobile Internet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce MAR, a commuter mobile access router infrastructure that exploits wireless diversity (e.g. channel diversity, network diversity, and technology diversity) to provide improved data performance for wireless data users. Our system design stems ... Keywords: channel diversity, multi-link bandwidth aggregation, wireless

Pablo Rodriguez; Rajiv Chakravorty; Julian Chesterfield; Ian Pratt; Suman Banerjee

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Empirical electron cross-field mobility in a Hall effect thruster  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electron transport across the magnetic field in Hall effect thrusters is still an open question. Models have so far assumed 1/B{sup 2} or 1/B scaling laws for the 'anomalous' electron mobility, adjusted to reproduce the integrated performance parameters of the thruster. We show that models based on such mobility laws predict very different ion velocity distribution functions (IVDF) than measured by laser induced fluorescence (LIF). A fixed spatial mobility profile, obtained by analysis of improved LIF measurements, leads to much better model predictions of thruster performance and IVDF than 1/B{sup 2} or 1/B mobility laws for discharge voltages in the 500-700 V range.

Garrigues, L. [Universite de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, LAPLACE (Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie), 118 route de Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); Perez-Luna, J.; Lo, J.; Hagelaar, G. J. M.; Boeuf, J. P. [Universite de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, LAPLACE (Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie), 118 route de Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); CNRS, LAPLACE, F-31062 Toulouse (France); Mazouffre, S. [ICARE (Institut de Combustion, Aerothermique, Reactivite et Environnement) IC, Avenue de la Recherche Scientifique, 45071 Orleans (France)

2009-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

296

Health IT Mobile Device Use Case Meeting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Health IT Mobile Device Use Case Meeting. Purpose: ... This meeting will address the Health IT project's first use case, Mobile Devices. ...

2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

297

System Support for Perpetual Mobile Tracking.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Recent advances in low-power electronics, energy harvesting, and sensor technologies are poised to revolutionize mobile and embedded computing, by enabling networks of mobile sensor devices… (more)

Sorber, Jacob

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Field Asymmetric Ion Mobility Spectrometry (FAIMS ...  

Summary. Field asymmetric Ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS), wherein ions are separated and/or characterized by differences in their mobility in high ...

299

Pulsed Ionization Source for Ion Mobility Spectrometers  

Mobility Spectrometers Potential Advantages ... ORNL’s new wave of detection devices based on ion mobility spectrometry offer enhanced sensitivity and

300

Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District No. 1 (Eagle Pass) – Lining Main Canal – Preliminary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Initial construction costs and net annual changes in operating and maintenance expenses are identified for a capital renovation project proposed by Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District No. 1 to the Bureau of Reclamation and North American Development Bank. The proposed project involves lining 3 miles of the “Main Canal” with a urethane lining and a concrete anchor and ballast system. Both nominal and real estimates of water and energy savings and expected economic and financial costs of those savings are identified throughout the anticipated 49-year useful life for the proposed project. Sensitivity results for both the cost of water savings and cost of energy savings are presented for several important parameters. Annual water and energy savings forthcoming from the total project are estimated, using amortization procedures, to be 8,084 ac-ft of water per year and 2,041,095,338 BTUs (598,211 kwh) of energy per year. The calculated economic and financial cost of water savings is estimated to be $33.37 per ac-ft. The calculated economic and financial cost of energy savings is estimated to be $0.0001322 per BTU ($0.451 per kwh). In addition, expected real (rather than nominal) values are indicated for the Bureau of Reclamation’s three principal evaluation measures specified in the United States Public Law 106-576 legislation. The initial construction cost per ac-ft of water savings measure is $25.97 per ac-ft of water savings. The initial construction cost per BTU (kwh) of energy savings measure is $0.0001029 per BTU ($0.351 per kwh). The ratio of initial construction costs per dollar of total annual economic savings is estimated to be -13.65.

Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District No. 1 (Eagle Pass) – Lining Main Canal – Final  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Initial construction costs and net annual changes in operating and maintenance expenses are identified for a capital renovation project proposed by Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District No. 1 to the Bureau of Reclamation and North American Development Bank. The proposed project involves lining 3 miles of the “Main Canal” with a urethane lining and a concrete anchor and ballast system. Both nominal and real estimates of water and energy savings and expected economic and financial costs of those savings are identified throughout the anticipated 49-year useful life for the proposed project. Sensitivity results for both the cost of water savings and cost of energy savings are presented for several important parameters. Annual water and energy savings forthcoming from the total project are estimated, using amortization procedures, to be 8,084 ac-ft of water per year and 2,041,095,338 BTUs (598,211 kwh) of energy per year. The calculated economic and financial cost of water savings is estimated to be $33.37 per ac-ft. The calculated economic and financial cost of energy savings is estimated to be $0.0001322 per BTU ($0.451 per kwh). In addition, expected real (rather than nominal) values are indicated for the Bureau of Reclamation’s three principal evaluation measures specified in the United States Public Law 106-576 legislation. The initial construction cost per ac-ft of water savings measure is $25.97 per ac-ft of water savings. The initial construction cost per BTU (kwh) of energy savings measure is $0.0001029 per BTU ($0.351 per kwh). The ratio of initial construction costs per dollar of total annual economic savings is estimated to be -13.65.

Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Improved Ion Mobility Is Key to New Hydrogen Storage ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The abundant element hydrogen could play a role in replacing carbon-based fuels for transportation in the future, but researchers first must develop ...

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

A Secure and Fault tolerant framework for Mobile IPv6 based networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile IPv6 will be an integral part of the next generation Internet protocol. The importance of mobility in the Internet gets keep on increasing. Current specification of Mobile IPv6 does not provide proper support for reliability in the mobile network and there are other problems associated with it. In this paper, we propose Virtual Private Network (VPN) based Home Agent Reliability Protocol (VHAHA) as a complete system architecture and extension to Mobile IPv6 that supports reliability and offers solutions to the security problems that are found in Mobile IP registration part. The key features of this protocol over other protocols are: better survivability, transparent failure detection and recovery, reduced complexity of the system and workload, secure data transfer and improved overall performance.

Rathi, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Bacterial mobilization of polonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polonium has been observed as the sole {alpha}-emitting nuclide in groundwaters of central Florida, in the absence of its radiogenic parents, at levels of 1,000 dpm/1 or more. Because of the chemical similarity of Po to S (both occupy the same column in the periodic table), studies were begun to determine whether bacteria, particularly those species active in sulfur cycling, could account for the selective solubilization and mobilization of Po. Possible sources of Po are the U-rich phosphate rock and phosphogypsum (gypsum), a byproduct in the manufacture of phosphoric acid. This paper reports on a series of experiments involving the interaction of bacteria with this waste gypsum that resulted in the solubilization of Po. Bacteria were isolated from gypsum that were capable of mediating Po release in column experiments of Po. Bacteria were isolated from gypsum that were capable of mediating Po release in column experiments when fed a growth medium. Sulfate-reducing bacteria were particularly effective at mediating Po release provided the sulfide levels did not rise above 10 {mu}M, in which case Po was apparently coprecipitated as a metal sulfide. Conversely, the ability of sulfate-reducing bacteria to effectively remove dissolved Po when sulfide levels are high suggests that these bacteria may be used as an effective bioremediation tool at reducing groundwater Po levels. 22 refs., 10 figs.

LaRock, P.; Hyun, J.H. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)] [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Burnett, W.C. [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)] [and others] [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States); and others

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Mobile Energy Laboratory Procedures  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has been tasked to plan and implement a framework for measuring and analyzing the efficiency of on-site energy conversion, distribution, and end-use application on federal facilities as part of its overall technical support to the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). The Mobile Energy Laboratory (MEL) Procedures establish guidelines for specific activities performed by PNL staff. PNL provided sophisticated energy monitoring, auditing, and analysis equipment for on-site evaluation of energy use efficiency. Specially trained engineers and technicians were provided to conduct tests in a safe and efficient manner with the assistance of host facility staff and contractors. Reports were produced to describe test procedures, results, and suggested courses of action. These reports may be used to justify changes in operating procedures, maintenance efforts, system designs, or energy-using equipment. The MEL capabilities can subsequently be used to assess the results of energy conservation projects. These procedures recognize the need for centralized NM administration, test procedure development, operator training, and technical oversight. This need is evidenced by increasing requests fbr MEL use and the economies available by having trained, full-time MEL operators and near continuous MEL operation. DOE will assign new equipment and upgrade existing equipment as new capabilities are developed. The equipment and trained technicians will be made available to federal agencies that provide funding for the direct costs associated with MEL use.

Armstrong, P.R.; Batishko, C.R.; Dittmer, A.L.; Hadley, D.L.; Stoops, J.L.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

The Lyapunov-based controller with a passive nonlinear observer to improve position tracking performance of microstepping in permanent magnet stepper motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new approach to position control based on microstepping for the current regulation of permanent magnet stepper motor (PMSM), which consists of a Lyapunov-based controller and a passive nonlinear observer for output feedback controller design. ... Keywords: Lyapunov methods, Microstepping, Output feedback, Passive nonlinear observer, Stepper motor

Wonhee Kim; Donghoon Shin; Chung Choo Chung

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

ExxonMobil Global Energy Management System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For many years, ExxonMobil has undertaken voluntary actions to improve efficiency in our operations and in customer use of our products. Our Global Energy Management System (GEMS) is an important initiative that is having a positive impact at each of our refineries and chemical plants. The system builds on international best practices and benchmarking to identify energy efficiencies. Launched in 2000, it utilizes a common methodology to identify performance gaps, implement closure plans, sustain progress, and drive energy efficiency toward leading-edge performance. The GEMS business model is based on a three-step approach to performance improvement. First, it addresses base case performance issues by operating existing facilities optimally and efficiently through application of best practices. Second, it identifies economic investment opportunities above an optimized base for step-change improvement to address structural differences. Third, the system implements strong management systems to provide the rigor and discipline necessary to sustain progress and drive continuous improvement. Ultimately, management leadership, organizational commitment, and personal accountability all work together to drive continuous improvement.

Roberto, F.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

ARM - Mobile Aerosol Observing System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FacilitiesMobile Aerosol Observing System FacilitiesMobile Aerosol Observing System AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 Data Operations AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments Hyytiälä, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado, 2010 Graciosa Island, Azores, 2009-2010 Shouxian, China, 2008 Black Forest, Germany, 2007 Niamey, Niger, 2006 Point Reyes, California, 2005 Mobile Aerosol Observing System Intensive aerosol observations conducted on the campus of Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island, New York, using the ARM Mobile Aerosol Observing System. Intensive aerosol observations conducted on the campus of Brookhaven

309

Roles for Mobile Learner Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses uses for learner models in mobileadaptive learning environments, focussing on howdifferent learner modelling issues and attributes maybe relevant in a mobile learning context. These issuesare illustrated by four simple systems. More ...

Susan Bull; Yanchun Cui; Adam Thomas McEvoy; Eileen Reid; Wei Yang

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

An integrated mobility and traffic model for resource allocation in wireless networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a wireless communications network, the movement of mobile users presents significant technical challenges to providing efficient access to the wired broadband network. In this paper, we construct a new analytical/numerical model that characterizes ... Keywords: admission control, mobility, resource allocation, traffic modeling, wireless networks

Hisashi Kobayashi; Shun-Zheng Yu; Brian L. Mark

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Pogo, a middleware for mobile phone sensing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The smartphone revolution has brought ubiquitous, powerful, and connected sensing hardware to the masses. This holds great promise for a wide range of research fields. However, deployment of experiments onto a large set of mobile devices places technological, ... Keywords: mobile middleware, mobile phone sensing, mobile test beds

Niels Brouwers; Koen Langendoen

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Service-oriented architecture for mobile applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile phones are becoming a new popular platform for business applications. The number of mobile users increases daily and so does the need for efficient mobile data access and management. However, a traditional approach to business application and ... Keywords: framework, lightweight architecture, mobile, pro-active loading, service composition, web service

Yuri Natchetoi; Viktor Kaufman; Albina Shapiro

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Learning mobile security with android security labware  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As smart mobile devices grow increasingly in popularity, so do the incentives for attackers. Recent surveys on mobile security describe the rapidly increasing number and sophistication of mobile attacks. Newer sources of risks are being introduced or ... Keywords: android, labware, mobile security

Minzhe Guo; Prabir Bhattacharya; Ming Yang; Kai Qian; Li Yang

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Mobile service innovation: A European failure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The continuing absence of innovation in Europe's mobile services industry is identified and characterised here, with such examples as mobile Internet and mobile music. Innovation failure is a critical factor leading to a lack of high-income jobs, network ... Keywords: Competition, Convergence, Europe, Innovation, Internet, Japan, Mobile telecommunications, Network effects, Service quality, Spectrum regulation, Standardisation

Arnd Weber; Michael Haas; Daniel Scuka

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Mobile Permission Marketing: Framing the Market Inquiry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The emergence of a mobile data infrastructure interconnected with the Internet and television marks the advent of a new marketing channel based on mobile messaging and complementary to traditional marketing channels and the Internet. Mobile marketing ... Keywords: Case Studies, Disruptive Technologies, Emerging Technologies, Firm Competencies, Mobile Internet, New Market Entrants, Permission-Based Marketing, Public Policy

Petros Kavassalis; Ntina Spyropoulou; Dimitris Drossos; Evangelos Mitrokostas; Gregory Gikas; Antonis Hatzistamatiou

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Intelligent Light Control using Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing user comfort and reducing operation costs have always been two primary objectives of building operations and control strategies. Current building control strategies are unable to incorporate occupant level comfort and meet the operation goals simultaneously. In this paper, we present a novel utility-based building control strategy that optimizes the tradeo# between meeting user comfort and reduction in operation cost by reducing energy usage. We present an implementation of the proposed approach as an intelligent lighting control strategy that significantly reduces energy cost. Our approach is based on a principled, decision theoretic formulation of the control task. We demonstrate the use of mobile wireless sensor networks to optimize the tradeo # between fulfilling di#erent occupants' light preferences and minimizing energy consumption. We further extend our approach to optimally exploit external light sources for additional energy savings, a process called daylight harvesting. Also we demonstrate that an active sensing approach can maximize the mobile sensor network's lifetime by sensing only during most informative situations. We provide e#cient algorithms for solving the underlying complex optimization problems, and extensively evaluate our proposed approach in a proof-of-concept testbed using MICA2 motes and dimmable lamps. Our results indicate a significant improvement in user utility and reduced energy expenditure.

Vipul Singhvi Civil; Vipul Singhvi; Civil Engineering Dept; James H. Garrett

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

A performance comparison of mobility anchor point selection schemes in Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (HMIPv6) introduces a mobility anchor point (MAP) that localizes the signaling traffic and hence reduces the handoff latency. In addition to processing binding update messages from mobile nodes (MNs) on behalf of MNs' home agents ... Keywords: Analytical modeling, Hierarchical Mobile IPv6, Load balancing, MAP selection scheme, Mobility anchor point (MAP)

Sangheon Pack; Taekyoung Kwon; Yanghee Choi

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Identify Petroleum Reduction Strategies for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Petroleum Reduction Strategies for Vehicles and Mobile Petroleum Reduction Strategies for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Identify Petroleum Reduction Strategies for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment October 7, 2013 - 11:50am Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 3 As defined by the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction strategies for Federal vehicles and equipment are based on the three driving principles of petroleum reduction: Reduce vehicle miles traveled Improve fuel efficiency Use alternative fuels. These strategies provide a framework for an agency to use when developing a strategic plan that can be specifically tailored to match the agency's fleet profile and meet its mission. Agency fleet managers should evaluate petroleum reduction strategies and tactics for each fleet location, based on an evaluation of site-specific

319

Improvement of reliability of welding by in-process sensing and control: development of smart welding machines for girth welding of pipes. First progress report  

SciTech Connect

Progress is reported in a research program to improve the reliability of welding by developing smart welding machine which will be equipped with sensors, artificial intelligence, and actuators for reducing welding errors by one or two orders of magnitude. (FS)

Converti, J.; Dror, Y.; Hardt, D.E.; Masubuchi, K.; Paynter, H.M.; Unkel, W.C.

1979-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

320

Mobility limited flip-based sensor networks deployment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An important phase of sensor networks operation is deployment of sensors in the field of interest. Critical goals during sensor networks deployment include coverage, connectivity, load balancing etc. A class of work has recently appeared, where mobility in sensors is leveraged to meet deployment objectives. In this paper, we study deployment of sensor networks using mobile sensors. The distinguishing feature of our work is that the sensors in our model have limited mobilities. More specifically, the mobility in the sensors we consider is restricted to a flip, where the distance of the flip is bounded. We call such sensors as flip-based sensors. Given an initial deployment of flip-based sensors in a field, our problem is to determine a movement plan for the sensors in order to maximize the sensor network coverage, and minimize the number of flips. We propose a minimum-cost maximum-flow based solution to this problem. We prove that our solution optimizes both the coverage and the number of flips. We also study the sensitivity of coverage and the number of flips to flip distance under different initial deployment distributions of sensors. We observe that increased flip distance achieves better coverage, and reduces the number of flips required per unit increase in coverage. However, such improvements are constrained by initial deployment distributions of sensors, due to the limitations on sensor mobility.

Xiaole Bai; Bin Ma; Dong Xuan; Changqing Xu

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Sketch Recognition on Mobile Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sketch recognition allows computers to understand and model hand drawn sketches and diagrams. Traditionally sketch recognition systems required a pen based PC interface, but powerful mobile devices such as tablets and smartphones can provide a new platform for sketch recognition systems. We describe a new sketch recognition library, Strontium (SrL) that combines several existing sketch recognition libraries modified to run on both personal computers and on the Android platform. We analyzed the recognition speed and accuracy implications of performing low-level shape recognition on smartphones with touch screens. We found that there is a large gap in recognition speed on mobile devices between recognizing simple shapes and more complex ones, suggesting that mobile sketch interface designers limit the complexity of their sketch domains. We also found that a low sampling rate on mobile devices can affect recognition accuracy of complex and curved shapes. Despite this, we found no evidence to suggest that using a finger as an input implement leads to a decrease in simple shape recognition accuracy. These results show that the same geometric shape recognizers developed for pen applications can be used in mobile applications, provided that developers keep shape domains simple and ensure that input sampling rate is kept as high as possible.

Lucchese, George 1987-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Modeled and observed ozone sensitivity to mobile-source emissions in Mexico City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The emission characteristics of mobile sources in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) have changed significantly over the past few decades in response to emission control policies, advancements in vehicle technologies ...

Zavala, M.

323

Review: Mobile marketing research: The-state-of-the-art  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rapid proliferation in the business potential of mobile marketing attracts researchers from various fields to contribute to the growing body of knowledge on the phenomena. Although the literature on mobile marketing is accumulating, the stream of research ... Keywords: Mobile business, Mobile commerce, Mobile consumer behavior, Mobile marketing, Mobile marketing research

Kaan Varnali; Ay?EgüL Toker

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Mobile communications: global trends in the 21st century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents an overview of the mobile communications industry. Many aspects of the industry are analysed including the importance of mobile communications, brief history of the industry and mobile applications such as mobile phones, satellites, ... Keywords: m-commerce, mobile applications, mobile communications, mobile market, wireless computing

Sameer Kumar

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Fieldtrail Mobile Smart Grid (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fieldtrail Mobile Smart Grid (Smart Grid Project) Fieldtrail Mobile Smart Grid (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Fieldtrail Mobile Smart Grid Country Netherlands Headquarters Location Rosmalen, Netherlands Coordinates 51.719166°, 5.367222° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.719166,"lon":5.367222,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

326

Using Advanced Control and Power Technologies to Improve the Reliability and Energy Efficiency of Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Manufacturing in California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Full implementation of advanced control and power technologies could save U.S. refineries and petrochemical plants an estimated $7.14 billion/year. California refineries process 1,893,020 barrels of crude per day -- about 11% of the total U.S. crude. Implementation of advanced control and power technologies could provide California refineries and petrochemical plants significant savings from increased energy efficiency and productivity. This report identifies these savings opportunities for California re...

2004-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

327

Network Mobility Home Network Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2007). This paper documents some of the usage patterns and the associated issues when deploying a Home Network for Network Mobility (NEMO)enabled Mobile Routers, conforming to the NEMO Basic Support. The aim here is specifically to provide some examples of organization of the Home Network, as they were discussed in NEMO-related mailing

P. Thubert; Cisco Systems; R. Wakikawa; V. Devarapalli

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

DOE Mobile Detection Assessment Response System (MDARS)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Helps Pioneer "Robot" Patrol Technology: Deployment of the Helps Pioneer "Robot" Patrol Technology: Deployment of the DOE Mobile Detection Assessment Response System (MDARS) The use of patrol robots to cost effectively improve security while reducing health and safety risks at DOE and NNSA nuclear facilities is an HSS advanced technology deployment "first". Over the past 2 years, the HSS Office of Technology has played a key role in working with the Army, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) and General Dynamics Robotics Systems to purchase, prototype, test and deploy the first of three MDARS patrol robots at NNSS. In addition to the initial purchase, HSS successfully negotiated a mutually acceptable

329

Energy conservation and solar heating for mobile homes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Project activities consisted of retro-fitting six (6) mobile homes with extensive energy-conservation improvements and installing solar-space-heating systems on four (4) of these homes. The intent of the project was to evaluate the potential of mobile homes as a low-cost energy-efficient housing option for low- to moderate income families. Using both hard and soft data, it is estimated that an average fuel reduction in excess of 35% was achieved by the conservation improvements alone. The project lacked the expertise and monitoring instruments to properly evaluate the effectiveness of the four solar installations and had to rely on the personal observations of the four families that received the units.

None

330

Combined cycle electric power plant and heat recovery steam generator having improved multi-loop temperature control of the steam generated  

SciTech Connect

A combined cycle electric power plant is described that includes gas and steam turbines and a steam generator for recovering the heat in the exhaust gases exited from the gas turbine and for using the recovered heat to produce and supply steam to the steam turbine. The steam generator includes a superheater tube and a steam drum from which heated steam is directed through the superheater to be additionally heated into superheated steam by the exhaust gas turbine gases. An afterburner serves to further heat the exhaust gas turbine gases passed to the superheater tube and a bypass conduit is disposed about the superheater tube whereby a variable steam flow determined by a bypass valve disposed in the bypass conduit may be directed about the superheater tube to be mixed with the superheated steam therefrom, whereby the temperature of the superheated steam supplied to the steam turbine may be accurately controlled. Steam temperature control means includes a first control loop responsive to the superheated steam temperature for regulating the position of the bypass valve with respect to a first setpoint, and a second control loop responsive to the superheated steam temperature for controlling the fuel supply to the afterburner with respect to a second setpoint varying in accordance with the bypass valve position. In particular, as the bypass valve position increases, the second setpoint, originally higher, is lowered toward a value substantially equal to that of the first setpoint.

Martz, L.F.; Plotnick, R.J.

1976-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

331

Broadcasting Consistent Data to Read-Only Transactions from Mobile Clients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the data inconsistency problem in data broadcast to mobile transactions. While data items in a mobile computing system are being broadcast, update transactions may install new values for the data items. If the executions of update transactions and broadcast of data items are interleaved without any control, the transactions generated by mobile clients, called mobile transactions, may observe inconsistent data values. In this paper, we propose a new protocol, called Update-First with Order (UFO), for concurrency control between read-only mobile transactions and update transactions. We show that although the protocol is simple, all the schedules are serializable when the UFO protocol is applied. Furthermore, the new protocol possesses many desirable properties for mobile computing systems such as the mobile transactions do not need to set any lock before they read a data item from the "air" and the protocol can be applied to different broadcast algorithms. Its performance has been investigated with extensive simulation experiment. The results show that the protocol can maximize the freshness of the data items provided to mobile transactions and the broadcast overhead is not heavy especially when the arrival rate of the update transactions is not very high.

Kam-yiu Lam; Mei-Wai Au; Edward Chan

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Combinatorial mobile IP: a new efficient mobility management using minimized paging and local registration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Combinatorial Mobile IP, a new mobility management scheme for Mobile IP, is proposed and analyzed. We present how to adopt mobility management schemes on cellular networks and adapt them in Mobile IP without disrupting the nature of the Internet. We apply widely used mobility management schemes such as hierarchical architecture and paging in cellular networks to Mobile IP. We restrict paging to the area that has to be paged using local registrations. In this way, we show that the total signaling costs of Combinatorial Mobile IP are reduced compared to other micro-mobility protocols such as Mobile IP Regional Registration and P-MIP. Random walk on a connected graph is used to analyze the performance of Combinatorial Mobile IP.

Taehwan Choi; Laeyoung Kim; Jeongeun Nah; Jooseok Song

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Gas Mileage Tips - Mobile  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas Mileage Tips Gas Mileage Tips Drive sensibly Agressive Driver Save 5% to 33% by avoiding speeding and aggressive accelerating and braking. Save: $0.16-$1.07 per gallon Obey the speed limit 65 mph sign Each 5 mph you drive over 50 mph can lower gas mileage by 7% or more. Save: $0.23-$0.45 per gallon Keep your engine properly tuned Man and woman looking under hood Fixing an out-of-tune engine can improve its efficiency by 4% on average. Save: $0.13 per gallon Keep tires properly inflated Woman checking tire pressure Under-inflated tires can lower gas mileage by 0.3% for every 1 psi drop in pressure of all four tires. Save: Up to $0.10 per gallon Remove un-needed cargo Woman shopping for a car An extra 50 to 100 pounds can lower gas mileage by about 1% to 2%. Save: $0.03-$0.06 per gallon

334

Causal consistency in mobile environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Causal consistency stipulates that causally dependent writes to data items should be executed in causal order. Traditionally this has been done by causally ordered message delivery using vector clocks. In a vector clock of size N, each element of the ... Keywords: causal consistency, collaboration, mobility, replication, vector clocks

D. Janaki Ram; M. Uma Mahesh; N. S. K. Chandra Sekhar; Chitra Babu

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Mobile exploration of geotagged photographs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Columbus is a mobile application that lets users explore their surroundings through geotagged photographs, presented to them at the location they were taken. By moving around the physical world, the user unlocks photographs and gets to see and experience ... Keywords: Geotagging, Location, Locative media, Photographs

Mattias Rost; Henriette Cramer; Lars Erik Holmquist

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Mobile computing: the next decade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the inaugural issue of MC2R in April 1997 [24], I highlighted the seminal influence of mobility in computing. At that time, the goal of "information at your fingertips anywhere, anytime" was only a dream. Today, through relentless pursuit of innovations ...

Mahadev Satyanarayanan

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Mobile Alternative Fueling Station Locator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's Alternative Fueling Station Locator is available on-the-go via cell phones, BlackBerrys, or other personal handheld devices. The mobile locator allows users to find the five closest biodiesel, electricity, E85, hydrogen, natural gas, and propane fueling sites using Google technology.

Not Available

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Mutual Exclusion on Multihop, Mobile Wireless Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The system considered in this paper is a mobile wireless network, commonly known as an ad hoc network. Mobile nodes in this dynamic topology function both as processors and routers to provide communication between nodes which are not within wireless ...

Jennifer Walter; Savita Kini

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

A Mobile Mesonet for Finescale Meteorological Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mobile weather observing system (mobile mesonet) was designed to augment existing meteorological networks in the study of severe local storms and other mesoscale weather phenomena in conjunction with the Verification of the Origins of Rotation ...

Jerry M. Straka; Erik N. Rasmussen; Sherman E. Fredrickson

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Ecotransology : integrated design for urban mobility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis demonstrates a rethinking of urban mobility through ecological design. Human mobility and ecological accountability are inextricably linked in city design; our current world ecological crisis underscores this ...

Joachim, Mitchell Whitney

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Haggle: seamless networking for mobile applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents Haggle, an architecture for mobile devices that enables seamless network connectivity and application functionality in dynamic mobile environments. Current applications must contain significant network binding and protocol logic, ...

Jing Su; James Scott; Pan Hui; Jon Crowcroft; Eyal De Lara; Christophe Diot; Ashvin Goel; Meng How Lim; Eben Upton

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Mobility detection using everyday GSM traces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recognition of everyday physical activities is difficult due to the challenges of building informative, yet unobtrusive sensors. The most widely deployed and used mobile computing device today is the mobile phone, which presents an obvious candidate ...

Timothy Sohn; Alex Varshavsky; Anthony LaMarca; Mike Y. Chen; Tanzeem Choudhury; Ian Smith; Sunny Consolvo; Jeffrey Hightower; William G. Griswold; Eyal de Lara

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

NERSC Releases Mobile Apps to Users  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Releases Mobile Apps to Users NERSC Releases Mobile Apps to Users Job Status, MOTD and Pilot of VASP Submission Available with More to Come April 23, 2012 In an effort to make...

344

Spatial aspects of mobile ad hoc collaboration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditionally, communication devices are designed to overcome distance in space or time. How can personal mobile tools augment local interaction and promote spontaneous collaboration between users in proximity? Mobile ad ...

Chardin, Ivan Sergeyevich, 1997-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Virtual stationary timed automata for mobile networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we formally define a programming abstraction for mobile networks called the Virtual Stationary Automata programming layer, consisting of real mobile clients, virtual timed I/O automata called virtual ...

Nolte, Tina Ann, 1979-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

System support for perpetual mobile tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent advances in low-power electronics, energy harvesting, and sensor technologies are poised to revolutionize mobile and embedded computing, by enabling networks of mobile sensor devices that are long-lived and self-managing. When realized, ...

Jacob M. Sorber / Mark D. Corner

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

An improved control method of power electronic converters in low voltage micro-grid Xiaofeng, Sun ; Qingqiu, Lv ; Yanjun, Tian ; Chen, Zhe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

when micro-grid transferring between grid-connected mode and island mode. The paper analysis the micro modes. The new droop control method has been validated through simulations by PSCAD software generation (DG) technology [1-3]. DG units may be located in distribution network or on the local load side

Chen, Zhe

348

Leveraging smart phones to reduce mobility footprints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobility footprint refers to the size, weight, and energy demand of the hardware that must be carried by a mobile user to be effective at any time and place. The ideal of a zero mobility footprint is achievable by encapsulating personal computing ... Keywords: cache, cas, content addressable storage, horatio, internet suspend/resume, isr, mobile computing, openisr, portable, self-cleaning, smart phone, virtual machine

Stephen Smaldone; Benjamin Gilbert; Nilton Bila; Liviu Iftode; Eyal de Lara; Mahadev Satyanarayanan

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Data Management for Mobile Computing Evaggelia Pitoura  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

station to all mobile clients in its cell. -- (Tarrifs) For some networks (e.g., in cellular telephones

Pitoura, Evaggelia

350

Mobile Systems Capabilities - Call for participants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conservation and Recovery Act Analysis Radiochemistry Repackaging Drum Venting TRUPACT Mobile Loading and Unloading Decommissioning, Decontamination, and Treatment Data...

351

Utilizing multimedia capabilities of mobile phones to support teaching in schools in rural panama  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Providing good education is one of the major challenges for humanity. In many developing regions in the world improving educational standards is seen as a central building block for improving socio-economic situation of society. Based on our research ... Keywords: developing countries, education, learning, mobile phones

Elba del Carmen Valderrama Bahamondez; Christian Winkler; Albrecht Schmidt

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Improved Modular CSSX Unit (MCU) Operations  

• Change Distributed Control System software to reflect new flowsheet • Develop on-line solvent analysis technology – DSSHT – SEHT. Improved MCU ...

353

US Department of Energy - Office of FreedomCar and Vehicle Technologies and US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Inter-Agency Agreement Research on "The Analysis of Genotoxic Activities of Exhaust Emissions from Mobile Natural Gas, Diesel, and Spark-Ignition Engines"  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy-Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (now the DOE-Office of FreedomCar and Vehicle Technologies) signed an Interagency Agreement (IAA) with National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), No.01-15 DOE, 9/4/01, for 'The analysis of genotoxic activities of exhaust emissions from mobile natural gas, diesel, and spark-ignition engines'; subsequently modified on 3/27/02 (DOE IAG No.01-15-02M1); subsequently modified 9/02/03 (IAA Mod No. 01-15-03M1), as 'The analysis of genotoxic activities of exhaust emissions from mobile internal combustion engines: identification of engine design and operational parameters controlling exhaust genotoxicity'. The DOE Award/Contract number was DE-AI26-01CH11089. The IAA ended 9/30/06. This is the final summary technical report of National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health research performed with the US Department of Energy-Office of FreedomCar and Vehicle Technologies under that IAA: (A) NIOSH participation was requested by the DOE to provide in vitro genotoxicity assays of the organic solvent extracts of exhaust emissions from a suite of in-use diesel or spark-ignition vehicles; (B) research also was directed to develop and apply genotoxicity assays to the particulate phase of diesel exhaust, exploiting the NIOSH finding of genotoxicity expression by diesel exhaust particulate matter dispersed into the primary components of the surfactant coating the surface of the deep lung; (C) from the surfactant-dispersed DPM genotoxicity findings, the need for direct collection of DPM aerosols into surfactant for bioassay was recognized, and design and developmental testing of such samplers was initiated.

William E. Wallace

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

354

MetroTrack: predictive tracking of mobile events using mobile phones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose to use mobile phones carried by people in their everyday lives as mobile sensors to track mobile events. We argue that sensor-enabled mobile phones are best suited to deliver sensing services (e.g., tracking in urban areas) than more traditional ...

Gahng-Seop Ahn; Mirco Musolesi; Hong Lu; Reza Olfati-Saber; Andrew T. Campbell

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Mobile network adaptation in the UbiData mobile file system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important characteristic of mobile networks is the large variations of available bandwidth. Network conditions can vary from strong to weak to total disconnection. These variations may be masked from the users by a common technique called "data hoarding". ... Keywords: data hoarding, mobile computing, mobile data management, mobile network

J. A. Zhang; S. F. Jones; A. S. Helal

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

4, 871891, 2007 Mobility of black  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BGD 4, 871­891, 2007 Mobility of black carbon J. Leifeld et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Discussions is the access reviewed discussion forum of Biogeosciences Mobility of black carbon in drained­891, 2007 Mobility of black carbon J. Leifeld et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions References

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

357

Mobile application for learning the Thai language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At present, mobile learning has increased popularity as it offers a better opportunity to leverage educational level. The major advantage of mobile learning is the ability to learn from anywhere at any time using the wireless internet access available ... Keywords: Thai language, m-Learning, mobile services oriented architecture (MSOA) framework, web services

Wichian Premchaiswadi; Nucharee Premchaiswadi

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Power and thermal challenges in mobile devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In spite of significant advances in the development of low-power designs and power management techniques, power remains and will remain a first-class design constraint for mobile devices. The functionality integrated into mobile devices will only continue ... Keywords: leakage power, mobile devices, power management, process variability, thermal management

Krishna Sekar

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Enterprise mobile product strategy using scenario planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Mobile industry is changing at a rapid pace and so is the behavior of enterprise workforce which uses mobile technologies. When planning for a long-term product roadmap, one has to consider a myriad of evolution trends and forecasts to determine ... Keywords: Mobile enterprise, product strategy, scenario planning, strategic framework, wireless technology

Sami Muneer; Chetan Sharma

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

A cache invalidation strategy for mobile networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The diversity of services delivered over wireless channels has increased people's desire in ubiquitously accessing these services from their mobile devices. However, a ubiquitous mobile computing environment faces several challenges such as scarce bandwidth, ... Keywords: Cache invalidation, Caching, MANET, Mobile computing

Haidar Safa; Hassan Artail; Mirna Nahhas

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A requirements catalog for mobile learning environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile learning (m-learning) can be characterized by the ability to promote a strong interaction among apprentices and tutors, assuring greater motivation, convenience and flexibility to the learning process. Mobile learning environments have emerged ... Keywords: mobile learning, prioritization, requirements, systematic review

Nemésio Freitas Duarte Filho; Ellen Francine Barbosa

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

An Overview of Mobile Object-Z  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile Object-Z (MobiOZ) is an extended notation of Object-Z with mobile and communication primitives required for mobile agent applications. In this paper, we will give an overview of the MobiOZ language features and present its semantic foundation. ...

Kenji Taguchi; Jin Song Dong

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

The new business potential with mobile commerce  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile commerce (m-commerce) has become the latest topic for today. Business organisations have been restlessly evaluating the revenue potential of the m-commerce market and developing business models to exploit the huge profit potential ... Keywords: e-commerce, m-commerce, mobile commerce, mobile communications, wireless electronic commerce

Chang-tseh Hsieh; Charlotte Jones; Binshan Lin

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Placing links in mobile banking application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study compares two alternative ways to organize links as navigation elements in mobile banking applications. For the comparison, two alternative banking applications were tested. The applications that were tested had the same content but different ... Keywords: links, mobile application, mobile banking, navigation, organizing, placing, usability

Tuuli Hyvärinen; Anne Kaikkonen; Mika Hiltunen

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Mobility through naming: impact on dns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An Identifier/Locator addressing scheme can enable a new approach to mobile hosts and mobile networks. Identifier and Locator information is stored in Domain Name System (DNS) Resource Records. In our on-going work using the Identifier-Locator Network ... Keywords: addressing, identifier, locator, mobility, naming, routing

R. Atkinson; S. Bhatti; S. Hailes

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

The diffusion of mobile phones in India  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile phones, which were introduced around a decade ago in 1995-1996 in India, are becoming the dominant means of accessing communication. At the end of 2005-2006, there were 90 million mobile subscribers in India in comparison to 50 million subscribers ... Keywords: Mobile telecommunications, Technology diffusion

Sanjay Kumar Singh

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Evaluating the security of mobile agent platforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobility of software agents requires additional security measures. While the theoretical aspects of mobile agent security have been widely studied, there are few studies about the security levels of current agent platforms. In this paper, test cases ... Keywords: Agent platforms, Mobile agents, Security

Axel Bürkle; Alice Hertel; Wilmuth Müller; Martin Wieser

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Designing Fault-Tolerant Mobile Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to investigate how several innovative techniques, not all initially intended for fault-tolerance, can be applied in providing fault tolerance of complex mobile agent systems. Due to their roaming nature, mobile agents usually ... Keywords: exception handling, fault tolerance, mobile agents, software engineering, system structuring

Giovanna Di Marzo Serugendo; Alexander B. Romanovsky

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Human mobility modeling at metropolitan scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Models of human mobility have broad applicability in fields such as mobile computing, urban planning, and ecology. This paper proposes and evaluates WHERE, a novel approach to modeling how large populations move within different metropolitan areas. ... Keywords: call detail records, human mobility patterns

Sibren Isaacman; Richard Becker; Ramón Cáceres; Margaret Martonosi; James Rowland; Alexander Varshavsky; Walter Willinger

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

3G Mobile TV Acceptance in Indonesia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies on intention to use, adopting the technology acceptance model (TAM), have been reported but their extended models do not provide a good explanation of the determinants of intention to use 3G mobile TV. The present study develops and examines ... Keywords: mobile communication system, 3G mobile TV, behavioral intention to use, Technology Acceptance Model

Andri Qiantori; Agung Budi Sutiono; Hirohiko Suwa; Toshizumi Ohta

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Ion mobility spectrometers and methods for ion mobility spectrometry  

SciTech Connect

An ion mobility spectrometer may include an inner electrode and an outer electrode arranged so that at least a portion of the outer electrode surrounds at least a portion of the inner electrode and defines a drift space therebetween. The inner and outer electrodes are electrically insulated from one another so that a non-linear electric field is created in the drift space when an electric potential is placed on the inner and outer electrodes. An ion source operatively associated with the ion mobility spectrometer releases ions to the drift space defined between the inner and outer electrodes. A detector operatively associated with at least a portion of the outer electrode detects ions from the drift space.

Dahl, David A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Scott, Jill R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Appelhans, Anthony D. (Idaho Falls, ID); McJunkin, Timothy R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Olson, John E. (Rigby, ID)

2009-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

372

A taxonomy and business analysis for mobile web applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile web applications refer to web applications on mobile devices, aimed at personalizing, integrating, and discovering mobile contents in user contexts. This thesis presents a comprehensive study of mobile web applications ...

Liu, Kevin H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Speed control and scheduling of data mules in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unlike traditional multihop forwarding among stationary sensor nodes, use of mobile devices for data collection in wireless sensor networks has recently been gathering more attention. The use of mobility significantly reduces the energy consumption at ... Keywords: Controlled mobility, linear programming, motion planning, scheduling, simulation

Ryo Sugihara; Rajesh K. Gupta

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Mobile sensor network to monitor wastewater collection pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced pipeline monitoringDesign of mobile pipeline floating sensor “SewerSnortIllustration of mobile pipeline floating sensor monitoring

Lim, Jungsoo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

The Economic Mobility in Money Transfer Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate the economic mobility in some money transfer models which have been applied into the research on monetary distribution. We demonstrate the mobility by recording the agents' ranks time series and observing the volatility. We also compare the mobility quantitatively by employing an index, "the per capita aggregate change in log-income", raised by economists. Like the shape of distribution, the character of mobility is also decided by the trading rule in these transfer models. It is worth noting that even though different models have the same type of distribution, their mobility characters may be quite different.

Ding, N; Wang, Y; Ding, Ning; Xi, Ning; Wang, Yougui

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

IMPROVING CO2 EFFICIENCY FOR RECOVERING OIL IN HETEROGENEOUS RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect

This document is the First Annual Report for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract No., a three-year contract entitled: ''Improving CO{sub 2} Efficiency for Recovering Oil in Heterogeneous Reservoirs.'' The research improved our knowledge and understanding of CO{sub 2} flooding and includes work in the areas of injectivity and mobility control. The bulk of this work has been performed by the New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center, a research division of New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. This report covers the reporting period of September 28, 2001 and September 27, 2002. Injectivity continues to be a concern to the industry. During this period we have contacted most of the CO{sub 2} operators in the Permian Basin and talked again about their problems in this area. This report has a summary of what we found. It is a given that carbonate mineral dissolution and deposition occur in a formation in geologic time and are expected to some degree in carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) floods. Water-alternating-gas (WAG) core flood experiments conducted on limestone and dolomite core plugs confirm that these processes can occur over relatively short time periods (hours to days) and in close proximity to each other. Results from laboratory CO{sub 2}-brine flow experiments performed in rock core were used to calibrate a reactive transport simulator. The calibrated model is being used to estimate in situ effects of a range of possible sequestration options in depleted oil/gas reservoirs. The code applied in this study is a combination of the well known TOUGH2 simulator, for coupled groundwater/brine and heat flow, with the chemistry code TRANS for chemically reactive transport. Variability in response among rock types suggests that CO{sub 2} injection will induce ranges of transient and spatially dependent changes in intrinsic rock permeability and porosity. Determining the effect of matrix changes on CO{sub 2} mobility is crucial in evaluating the efficacy and potential environmental implications of storing CO{sub 2} in the subsurface. Chemical cost reductions are identified that are derived from the synergistic effects of cosurfactant systems using a good foaming agent and a less expensive poor foaming agent. The required good foaming agent is reduced by at least 75%. Also the effect on injectivity is reduced by as much as 50% using the cosurfactant system, compared to a previously used surfactant system. Mobility control of injected CO{sub 2} for improved oil recovery can be achieved with significant reduction in the chemical cost of SAG, improved injectivity of SAG, and improved economics of CO{sub 2} injection project when compared to reported systems. Our past work has identified a number of mobility control agents to use for CO{sub 2}-foam flooding. In particular the combination of the good foaming agent CD 1045 and a sacrificial agent and cosurfactant lignosulfonate. This work scrutinizes the methods that we are using to determine the efficiency of the sacrificial agents and cosurfactant systems. These have required concentration determinations and reusing core samples. Here, we report some of the problems that have been found and some interesting effects that must be considered.

Reid B. Grigg; Robert K. Svec

2002-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

377

Survey and analysis of current mobile learning applications and technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distance learning, electronic learning, and mobile learning offer content, methods, and technologies that decrease the limitations of traditional education. Mobile learning (m-learning) is an extension of distance education, supported by mobile devices ... Keywords: Mobile learning, mobile applications, mobile computing

Orlando R. E. Pereira, Joel J. P. C. Rodrigues

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

The costs and benefits of combining different IP mobility standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several IP mobility support protocols have been standardized. Each solution provides a specific functionality and/or requires operations of particular nodes. The current trend is towards the co-existence of these solutions, though the impact of doing ... Keywords: Distributed mobility management, Host mobility, IP mobility, Network mobility, Network-based localized mobility

Antonio De La Oliva; Ignacio Soto; Maria Calderon; Carlos J. Bernardos; M. Isabel Sanchez

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

in print: Mobile Communities – New Business Opportunities for Mobile Network Operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of an analysis of potential revuenue streams and business models for mobile communities from a mobile network operator’s perspective. It gives a contribution to the answer of the actual business challenges in the mobile carrier sector where operators are continously searching for new innovative services and business models to increase their revenues and financial performance in the age of 3 rd generation mobile technology. Mobile communities are considered to be the next logical evolutional step of the existing virtual communities on the internet. The extension of web-based virtual communities with new community-orientated mobile services is expected to be enormously attractive – from the community user’s point of view as well as from the mobile operators ’ point of view: Mobile operators are playing the central part in terms of realisation and provision of these new services, since they own and build up the necessary technical infrastructure of mobile communication networks. Furthermore, mobile operators are considered to generate direct revenue streams out of mobile community-services, since they bill the connection fees of mobile services. Mobile communities and mobile community services are a very innovative topic. Despite all these great expectations, no empirical experiences have been made yet regarding this topic, since mobile communities are

Natalie Fremuth; Andreas Tasch; Michael Fränkle

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

To develop a dynamic model of a collector loop for purpose of improved control of solar heating and cooling. Final technical report. [TRNSYS code  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The program objectives were to (1) assess the feasibility of using the TRNSYS computer code for solar heating and cooling control studies and modify it wherever possible, and (2) develop a new dynamic model of the solar collector which reflects the performance of the collector under transient conditions. Also, the sensitivity of the performance of this model to the various system parameters such as collector time constants, flow rates, turn-on and turn-off temperature set points, solar insolation, etc., was studied. Results are presented and discussed. (WHK)

Herczfeld, P.R.; Fischl, R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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381

Distributed services for mobile ad hoc networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A mobile ad hoc network consists of certain nodes that communicate only through wireless medium and can move arbitrarily. The key feature of a mobile ad hoc network is the mobility of the nodes. Because of the mobility, communication links form and disappear as nodes come into and go out of each other's communica- tion range. Mobile ad hoc networks are particularly useful in situations like disaster recovery and search, military operations, etc. Research on mobile ad hoc networks has drawn a huge amount of attention recently. The main challenges for mobile ad hoc networks are the sparse resources and frequent mobility. Most of the research work has been focused on the MAC and routing layer. In this work, we focus on distributed services for mobile ad hoc networks. These services will provide some fundamental functions in developing various applications for mobile ad hoc networks. In particular, we focus on the clock synchronization, connected dominating set, and k-mutual exclusion problems in mobile ad hoc networks.

Cao, Guangtong

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

ARM - ARM Mobile Facility 1 Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CenterARM Mobile Facility 1ARM Mobile Facility 1 Article CenterARM Mobile Facility 1ARM Mobile Facility 1 Article Media Contact Lynne Roeder lynne-dot-roeder-at-pnnl-dot-gov @armnewsteam Field Notes Blog Topics Field Notes89 AGU 3 AMIE 10 ARM Aerial Facility 2 ARM Mobile Facility 1 6 ARM Mobile Facility 2 47 BAECC 1 BBOP 4 MAGIC 12 MC3E 17 SGP 2 STORMVEX 29 TCAP 3 Search News Search Blog News Center All Categories What's this? Social Media Guidance News Center All Categories Features and Releases Facility News Field Notes Blog feed Events feed Employment Research Highlights Data Announcements Education News Archive What's this? Social Media Guidance January 13, 2011 [ARM Mobile Facility 1, Blog, Field Notes] AMF1 Azores Pack-up: Rust, Corrosion, and Wet Instruments Bookmark and Share PSP shows the harsh beating it took from the Atlantic mists.

383

B.: Operating Appliances with Mobile Phones – Strengths and Limits of a Universal Interaction Device  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Mobile phones are increasingly becoming ubiquitous computational devices that are almost always available, individually adaptable, and nearly universally connectable (using both wide area and short range communication capabilities). Until Star Trek-like speech interfaces are fully developed, mobile phones seem thus poised to become our main devices for interacting with intelligent spaces and smart appliances, such as buying train passes, operating vending machines, or controlling smart homes (e.g., TVs, stereos, and dishwashers, as well as heating and light). But how much can a mobile phone simplify our everyday interactions, before it itself becomes a usability burden? What are the capabilities and limitations of using mobile phones to control smart appliances, i.e., operating things like ATMs or coffee makers that typically do not benefit from remote control? This paper presents a user study investigating the use of a prototypical, mobile phone based interaction system to operate a range of appliances in a number of different task settings. Our results show that mobile devices can greatly simplify appliance operation in exceptional situations, but that the idea of a universal interaction device is less suited for general, everyday appliance control. 1

Christof Roduner; Marc Langheinrich; Christian Floerkemeier; Beat Schwarzentrub

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Industrial Control System Security and NIST SP 800-53 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Automation and Control Systems • Leaders: – Johan Nye - ExxonMobil, Kevin Staggs - Honeywell: Co-chairs – Dennis Holstein: Editor Page 54. 54 ...

2008-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

385

Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Name Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Address P.O. Box 30078 Place Yanbu, Saudi Arabia Sector Oil and Gas Product Crude Oil Refining Phone number (966) (4) 396-4443 Website http://www.samref.com.sa/ Coordinates 24.0866932°, 38.0585527° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.0866932,"lon":38.0585527,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

386

Final Report on Control Algorithm to Improve the Partial-Load Efficiency of Surface PM Machines with Fractional-Slot Concentrated Windings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Surface permanent magnet (SPM) synchronous machines using fractional-slot concentrated windings are being investigated as candidates for high-performance traction machines for automotive electric propulsion systems. It has been shown analytically and experimentally that such designs can achieve very wide constant-power speed ratios (CPSR) [1,2]. This work has shown that machines of this type are capable of achieving very low cogging torque amplitudes as well as significantly increasing the machine power density [3-5] compared to SPM machines using conventional distributed windings. High efficiency can be achieved in this class of SPM machine by making special efforts to suppress the eddy-current losses in the magnets [6-8], accompanied by efforts to minimize the iron losses in the rotor and stator cores. Considerable attention has traditionally been devoted to maximizing the full-load efficiency of traction machines at their rated operating points and along their maximum-power vs. speed envelopes for higher speeds [9,10]. For example, on-line control approaches have been presented for maximizing the full-load efficiency of PM synchronous machines, including the use of negative d-axis stator current to reduce the core losses [11,12]. However, another important performance specification for electric traction applications is the machine's efficiency at partial loads. Partial-load efficiency is particularly important if the target traction application requires long periods of cruising operation at light loads that are significantly lower than the maximum drive capabilities. While the design of the machine itself is clearly important, investigation has shown that this is a case where the choice of the control algorithm plays a critical role in determining the maximum partial-load efficiency that the machine actually achieves in the traction drive system. There is no evidence that this important topic has been addressed for this type of SPM machine by any other authors. This topic takes on even greater significance for fractional-slot concentrated-winding SPM machine designs. In particular, maximizing the torque/power density of this class of SPM machines typically leads to machine designs with high numbers of poles. The resulting high electrical frequencies can easily result in high stator core losses unless special care is taken during the machine design process. The purpose of this report is to discuss a modified vector control algorithm for a fractional-slot concentrated winding SPM machine that has been developed to maximize the machine's partial-load efficiency over a wide range of operating conditions. For purposes of this discussion, a 55 kW (peak) SPM machine designed to meet requirements established in the US FreedomCar program [13] is used as the basis for demonstrating the proposed technique. A combination of closed-form analysis [14] and finite element analysis (FEA) is used during this investigation.

McKeever, John W [ORNL; Reddy, Patel [University of Wisconsin; Jahns, Thomas M [ORNL

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

FINAL REPORT ON CONTROL ALGORITHM TO IMPROVE THE PARTIAL-LOAD EFFICIENCY OFSURFACE PM MACHINES WITH FRACTIONAL-SLOT CONCENTRATED WINDINGS  

SciTech Connect

Surface permanent magnet (SPM) synchronous machines using fractional-slot concentrated windings are being investigated as candidates for high-performance traction machines for automotive electric propulsion systems. It has been shown analytically and experimentally that such designs can achieve very wide constant-power speed ratios (CPSR) [1,2]. This work has shown that machines of this type are capable of achieving very low cogging torque amplitudes as well as significantly increasing the machine power density [3-5] compared to SPM machines using conventional distributed windings. High efficiency can be achieved in this class of SPM machine by making special efforts to suppress the eddy-current losses in the magnets [6-8], accompanied by efforts to minimize the iron losses in the rotor and stator cores. Considerable attention has traditionally been devoted to maximizing the full-load efficiency of traction machines at their rated operating points and along their maximum-power vs. speed envelopes for higher speeds [9,10]. For example, on-line control approaches have been presented for maximizing the full-load efficiency of PM synchronous machines, including the use of negative d-axis stator current to reduce the core losses [11,12]. However, another important performance specification for electric traction applications is the machine's efficiency at partial loads. Partial-load efficiency is particularly important if the target traction application requires long periods of cruising operation at light loads that are significantly lower than the maximum drive capabilities. While the design of the machine itself is clearly important, investigation has shown that this is a case where the choice of the control algorithm plays a critical role in determining the maximum partial-load efficiency that the machine actually achieves in the traction drive system. There is no evidence that this important topic has been addressed for this type of SPM machine by any other authors. This topic takes on even greater significance for fractional-slot concentrated-winding SPM machine designs. In particular, maximizing the torque/power density of this class of SPM machines typically leads to machine designs with high numbers of poles. The resulting high electrical frequencies can easily result in high stator core losses unless special care is taken during the machine design process. The purpose of this report is to discuss a modified vector control algorithm for a fractional-slot concentrated winding SPM machine that has been developed to maximize the machine's partial-load efficiency over a wide range of operating conditions. For purposes of this discussion, a 55 kW (peak) SPM machine designed to meet requirements established in the US FreedomCar program [13] is used as the basis for demonstrating the proposed technique. A combination of closed-form analysis [14] and finite element analysis (FEA) is used during this investigation.

Reddy, P.B.; Jahns, T.M.

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

388

A 3-level autonomous mobile robot navigation system designed by using reasoning/search approaches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes how soft computing methodologies such as fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms and the Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence can be applied in a mobile robot navigation system. The navigation system that is considered has three navigation ... Keywords: Backstepping algorithm, Dynamic model of mobile robot, Fuzzy logic, Genetic algorithm, Hybrid position controller, Local minima problem, Map building, Path planning, Pruning of relevant obstacles

Jasmin Velagic; Bakir Lacevic; Branislava Perunicic

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Modelling and evaluation of the 3G mobile networks with hot-spot WLANs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analytical modelling and evaluation approach is developed for the integrated 3G/WLAN networks. The cell residence times of different types of users are modelled as a general distribution to adapt various mobility environments. The explicit expressions ... Keywords: 3G cellular networks, CAC, call admission control, channel occupancy time, horizontal handoff, hot spot WLANs, integration, local area networks, mobile networks, modelling, performance evaluation, traffic analysis, vertical handoff, wireless LANs, wireless networks

Shensheng Tang; Wei Li

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Energy and environmental aspects of mobile communication systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The reduction of the energy consumptions of a Telecommunication Power System represents one of the critical factors of the telecommunication technologies, both to allow a sizeable saving of economic resources and to realize "sustainable" development actions. The consumption of about one hundred base stations for mobile phones were monitored for a total of over one thousand days, in order to study the energy consumption in relation to the environmental, electric and logistics parameters of the stations themselves. It was possible to survey, then, the role of the mobile communication systems in the general national energy framework and to plot the best areas of intervention for saving energy and improving the environmental impact, showing the role played by air conditioning and transmission equipments. Finally, new transmission algorithms and the use of renewable energy based techniques have been tested.

Lubritto, C; Vetromile, C; Curcuruto, S; Logorelli, M; Marsico, G; D'Onofrio, A; 10.1016/j.energy.2010.11.039

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Planet-scale Human Mobility Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research into, and design and construction of mobile systems and algorithms requires access to large-scale mobility data. Unfortunately, the wireless and mobile research community lacks such data. For instance, the largest available human contact traces contain only 100 nodes with very sparse connectivity, limited by experimental logistics. In this paper we pose a challenge to the community: how can we collect mobility data from billions of human participants? We re-assert the importance of large-scale datasets in communication network design, and claim that this could impact fundamental studies in other academic disciplines. In effect, we argue that planet-scale mobility measurements can help to save the world. For example, through understanding large-scale human mobility, we can track and model and contain the spread of epidemics of various kinds.

Pan Hui; Richard Mortier; Tristan Henderson; Jon Crowcroft

2009-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

392

Charged particle mobility refrigerant analyzer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for analyzing a gaseous electronegative species comprises the steps of providing an analysis chamber; providing an electric field of known potential within the analysis chamber; admitting into the analysis chamber a gaseous sample containing the gaseous electronegative species; providing a pulse of free electrons within the electric field so that the pulse of free electrons interacts with the gaseous electronegative species so that a swarm of electrically charged particles is produced within the electric field; and, measuring the mobility of the electrically charged particles within the electric field.

Allman, Steve L. (Knoxville, TN); Chen, Chung-Hsuan (Knoxville, TN); Chen, Fang C. (Knoxville, TN)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Energy Savings Tips on the Go: Check Out the New Energy Savers Mobile Site  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Savings Tips on the Go: Check Out the New Energy Savers Savings Tips on the Go: Check Out the New Energy Savers Mobile Site Energy Savings Tips on the Go: Check Out the New Energy Savers Mobile Site March 16, 2012 - 12:46pm Addthis Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory For years, many of you have found energy-saving tips about how to save money and energy at home, in your vehicle, and at work on our EnergySavers desktop site. This month, we launched a new Energy Savers mobile website-which provides homeowners these with tips conveniently through your mobile device. Whether you're on the road, at the store, or talking with your home improvement contractor, you can find ways to make your home more comfortable and easier to heat and cool - and save money at the same time.

394

Refractory Improvement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Refractory Improvement Refractory Improvement NETL Office of Research and Development Project Number: FWP-2012.03.03 Task 2 Project Description Industry would like gasifier on-line availability of 85-95% for utility applications and 95% for applications such as chemical production. Gasification facilities' are currently unable to meet these requirements, which have created a potential roadblock to widespread acceptance and commercialization of gasification technologies. Refractory liners and syngas coolers are among key components of the gasification process previously identified as negatively impacting gasifier availability. Ash originating from impurities in the gasifier's carbon feedstock is the root cause of many problems impacting gasifier RAM (Reliability Availability Maintainability). At the high temperatures of gasification, ash changes to liquid, gas, and solid phases which wear down refractory materials and can cause fouling, either of which can lead to unplanned shutdowns for system repair, replacement, or cleaning.

395

Presenting Accessibility to Mobility-Impaired Travelers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Behaviors of the Mobility-Disabled Consumer." Journal ofCampus Access Guide at the Disabled Student Program at UCto dental services for disabled people. A questionnaire

Nuernberger, Andrea

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Status of SAE Electro-Mobility Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

US-China Electric Vehicle and Battery Technology Workshop -Boston, MA Status of SAE Electro-Mobility Standards Peter Byk Technical Project Manager, Global Ground Vehicle Standards...

397

Mobile Energy Products Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Mobile Energy Products Inc Place Colorado Springs, Colorado Sector Hydro, Hydrogen Product Manufacturing subsidiary, which produces nickel sintered plaque for...

398

Mobility of Partially Faceted Shrinking Grains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Mobility of Partially Faceted Shrinking Grains ... Computation of Thermal Fields with Non-Stationary Model at Electron Beam Melting of Metals.

399

Pulsed Ionization Source for Ion Mobility Spectrometers  

ORNL’s new wave of detection devices based on ion mobility spectrometry offer enhanced sensitivity and resolution and increased safety and ...

400

Abstract - Temperature Dependent Interface Energy and Mobility ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Register as a New User ... splitting the contributions of grain boundary energy and mobility to grain growth needed as experimental input to growth simulations.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Lightweight Construction for Electric Mobility Using Aluminium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The shown examples deal with implementing electric mobility by carrying out an ... shown how to integrate the oil pan into the thermal management of a vehicle.

402

Pulsing solenoid improvement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A control system improvement is disclosed. A high speed air bleed path and a low speed air bleed path respectively bleed air into the high speed and low speed fuel circuits of a carburetor through either fuel circuit at any one time. A solenoid responsive to a control signal opens and closes the air bleed to control the quantity of air bled into the high speed and low speed circuits. The solenoid includes an isolator for isolating the high speed air bleed path from the low speed air bleed path to prevent cross flow of air from one air bleed path to the other. Cross flow of air between the paths adversely affects the degree of control over the delivery of fuel through the high speed and low speed fuel circuits.

Tipton, L.J.

1982-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

403

Beyond mobile TV: understanding how mobile interactive systems enable users to become digital producers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper aims to explore the quality of the user experience with mobile and pervasive interactive multimedia systems that enable the creation and sharing of digital content through mobile phones. It also looks at discussing the use and validity of ... Keywords: mobileTV, pervasive multimedia, users' generated content

Anxo Cereijo Roibás; Riccardo Sala

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

The use of mobile agents for clustering in mobile ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mobile ad hoc network is a dynamic mobile wireless network that can be formed without the need for any pre-existing wired or wireless infrastructure. One of the main challenges in an ad hoc network is the design of robust routing algorithms that adapt ... Keywords: ad hoc networks, algorithms, clustering, design, management, mobile agents, routing, wireless networks

Mieso K. Denko

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Mobility analysis of mobile hosts with random walking in ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the modeling and analysis of the host mobility characteristics in an ad hoc network, in terms of the link available time and the number of link changes for multi-hop connectivity. Both the mobile handover model and the random walk ... Keywords: Ad hoc network, Link available time, Mobility, Random walk

Supeng Leng; Liren Zhang; Huirong Fu; Jianjun Yang

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Isotopic Effect on Ion Mobility and Separation of Isotopomers by High-Field Ion Mobility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isotopic Effect on Ion Mobility and Separation of Isotopomers by High-Field Ion Mobility ions, including isotopomers and isobars, using ion mobility spectrometry (IMS), specifically, the field about the ion geometry, potentially enabling a new approach to molecular structure characterization

Clemmer, David E.

407

Plantation Mobile Home Park, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plantation Mobile Home Park, Florida: Energy Resources Plantation Mobile Home Park, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 26.702392°, -80.132515° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.702392,"lon":-80.132515,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

408

Using mobile devices to support online collaborative learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile collaborative learning is considered the next step of on-line collaborative learning by incorporating mobility as a key and breakthrough requirement. Indeed, the current wide spread of mobile devices and wireless technologies brings an enormous ... Keywords: Mobile collaborative learning, behaviorism, constructivism, mobile technologies, pervasiveness, situated learning, social learning, ubiquity

Santi Caballé; Fatos Xhafa; Leonard Barolli

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

A large scale study of European mobile search behaviour  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent evidence suggests that mobile search is becoming an increasingly important way for mobile users to gain access to online information, especially as off-portal content continues to grow rapidly. In this paper we study the characteristics of mobile ... Keywords: click-thru, log analysis, mobile internet, mobile search, search behaviour

Karen Church; Barry Smyth; Keith Bradley; Paul Cotter

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Performance evaluation of Atomic Commit Protocols for mobile transactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The commitment of a distributed transaction is ensured with the use of an Atomic Commit Protocol (ACP). Due to their great importance for transaction systems, the recent advances in mobile computing development have renewed the interest in the ... Keywords: atomic commit protocols, mobile ACPs, mobile databases, mobile networks, mobile transaction processing, performance evaluation, simulation, wireless networks

Nadia Nouali-Taboudjemat; Lynda Boukantar; Habiba Drias

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Two executable mobility design patterns: mfold and mmap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present two mobility design patterns, mfold and mmap. The patterns are equipped with corresponding coordination specifications, mobility skeletons, implemented on top of a host object-orientated mobile code language, Voyager. The mobility skeletons ... Keywords: agents, code mobility, design patterns

Zara Field; Rick Dewar; Phil Trinder; Andre Rauber Du Bois

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Control System Development and Technological Investigation for a Climbing Robot in Offshore platforms.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Denne oppgaven går gjennom forskjellige type teknologier for å utvikle en mobil offshore klatre robot. To improve human safety and environmental concerns, oil and gas… (more)

Moghaddam, Akbar Faghihi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Accelerated High-Resolution Differential Ion Mobility Separations Using Hydrogen  

SciTech Connect

The resolving power of differential ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS) was dramatically increased recently by the introduction of carrier gases comprising up to 75% He or various vapors, enabling many new applications. However, the gains were often at the expense of analysis speed, in particular making high-resolution FAIMS incompatible with online liquid-phase separations. Here, we report FAIMS employing hydrogen, specifically in mixtures with N2 containing up to 98.4% H2. Such compositions raise the mobilities of all ions and thus resolving power, while avoiding the electrical breakdown inevitable in He-rich mixtures. The increases of resolving power and ensuing peak resolution are especially significant at the greatest H2 fractions - above {approx}80 - 90%. Higher resolution can be exchanged for acceleration of the analyses by up to {approx}20 times. For more mobile species such as multiply-charged peptides, this exchange is presently forced by the constraints of existing FAIMS devices, but future designs optimized for H2 should consistently improve resolution for all analytes.

Shvartsburg, Alexandre A.; Smith, Richard D.

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

414

Graphical History List with Multi-Window Support on a Mobile Web Browser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rolling back to previously visited Web pages and opening multiple browser windows or tabs at the same time are common activities in a Web browsing session on a PC. When using a mobile device for Web browsing, these usage patterns have to be supported seamlessly in the mobile environment under the additional constraint of limited screen real estate. In this paper, we introduce a solution called Rolling History, a user interface targeted for mobile devices with 4-way navigation control and graphics acceleration hardware. We tested the usefulness of a Rolling History prototype in two small-scale user studies and the results indicate that Rolling History is a useful feature for Web history navigation and browser windows management. The Rolling History case demonstrates how to design a unique user interface for a mobile device without displacing the deep-seated use patterns that people have found useful on a PC.

Elina Vartiainen; Virpi Roto; Janne Kaasalainen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

MOTA: engineering an operator agnostic mobile service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are two emerging trends in the mobile data world. First, mobile data is exploding at a rapid rate with analysts predicting 25-50X growth by the year 2015. The second trend is that users are demanding greater degree of flexibility in selecting their ... Keywords: operator agnostic

Supratim Deb; Kanthi Nagaraj; Vikram Srinivasan

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Diagnosing mobile applications in the wild  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are a lot of applications that run on modern mobile operating systems. Inevitably, some of these applications fail in the hands of users. Diagnosing a failure to identify the culprit, or merely reproducing that failure in the lab is difficult. ... Keywords: diagnosis, mobile applications

Sharad Agarwal; Ratul Mahajan; Alice Zheng; Victor Bahl

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Mobile device protection from loss and capture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile devices play a critical role in assistive environments. How to authenticate and secure communications among them has become more important especially against loss and capture of the devices. In this paper, we present an approach to protect signing ... Keywords: assistive environment, authentication, digital signature, forward security, mobile device

Zhengyi Le; Yi Ouyang; Yurong Xu; Fillia Makedon

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Formalising Java RMI with explicit code mobility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an object-oriented, Java-like core language with primitives for distributed programming and explicit code mobility. We apply our formulation to prove the correctness of several optimisations for distributed programs. Our language ... Keywords: Code mobility, Distribution, Java, Optimisation, RMI, Runtime, Types

Alexander Ahern; Nobuko Yoshida

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Text Entry Systems: Mobility, Accessibility, Universality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Text entry has never been so important as it is today. This is in large part due to the phenomenal, relatively recent success of mobile computing, text messaging on mobile phones, and the proliferation of small devices like the Blackberry and Palm Pilot. ... Keywords: Human-Computer Interaction, User Interfaces

I. Scott MacKenzie; Kumiko Tanaka-Ishii

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Energy Consumption Issues on Mobile Network Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes energy consumption demographic data in operating real mobile networks. We examine published data from NTT DoCoMo, which is the largest mobile telecommunication operator in Japan and operating nation-wide 3G networks, and identify ... Keywords: Moble Network, Power Consumption, Battery, CO2, Green Network

Minoru Etoh; Tomoyuki Ohya; Yuji Nakayama

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Android on Mobile Devices: An Energy Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile devices and embedded devices need more processing power but energy consumption should be less to save battery power. Open Handset Alliance (OHA) hosting members like Google, Motorola, HTC etc released an open source platform Android for mobile ... Keywords: Dalvik JVM, Android Energy

Kolin Paul; Tapas Kumar Kundu

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Data muling with mobile phones for sensornets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensors are all around us, in buildings, vehicles and public places, from commodity thermostats to custom sensornets. Yet today these sensors are often disconnected from the world, either because they are distant from infrastructure, and wide-area networking ... Keywords: data muling, human mobility, mobile telephones, wireless sensor networks

Unkyu Park; John Heidemann

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Designing sound for a pervasive mobile game  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the role of sound design in pervasive mobile games. As a case study, we present the sound design and evaluation of a working prototype game called The Songs of North. A play-test with 19 players was conducted over a two-week period. ... Keywords: computer games, mobile applications, sound design

Inger Ekman; Laura Ermi; Jussi Lahti; Jani Nummela; Petri Lankoski; Frans Mäyrä

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

On Mobile Agents Resistance to Traffic Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper will concern itself with a formulation of a traffic analysis problem for mobile agents. It is an interesting theoretical problem as well as a critical feature when using agents on a massive scale in decision making systems. The decision making ... Keywords: Mobile agents security, security protocols, side channel attacks, traffic analysis

Kamil Kulesza; Zbigniew Kotulski; Konrad Kulesza

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Planning and obstacle avoidance in mobile robotics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper focuses on the navigation subsystem of a mobile robot which operates in human environments to carry out different tasks, such as transporting waste in hospitals or escorting people in exhibitions. The paper describes a hybrid approach (Roaming ... Keywords: Autonomous navigation, Hybrid architectures, Mobile robots, Planning, Reactive and local methods

Antonio Sgorbissa; Renato Zaccaria

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Fear therapy for children: a mobile approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile devices have shown to be useful tools in supporting various procedures and therapy approaches for different purposes. However, when applied to children, particular care has to be taken, considering both their abilities and their acceptance towards ... Keywords: fear and anxiety therapy, mobile devices, user centered design

Marco de Sá; Luís Carriço

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Overtone Mobility Spectrometry: Part 1. Experimental Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

introduce a new approach for isolating ions having specific mobilities (or collision cross sections). IonsARTICLES Overtone Mobility Spectrometry: Part 1. Experimental Observations Ruwan T. Kurulugama, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA A new method that allows a linear drift tube to be operated

Clemmer, David E.

428

Using mobile learning to increase environmental awareness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile learning or m-learning, a relatively new concept, has attracted the interest of educators, researchers, and companies developing learning systems and instructional materials. This study investigated the use of integrating use of mobile technologies, ... Keywords: Collaborative learning, Environmental awareness, Gender, Grade, m-Learning

Huseyin Uzunboylu; Nadire Cavus; Erinc Ercag

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Mobile camera-based user interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an approach for facilitating user interaction on mobile devices, focusing on camera-enabled mobile phones. A user interacts with an application by moving their device. An on-board camera is used to capture incoming video and the scrolling ...

Antonio Haro; Koichi Mori; Tolga Capin; Stephen Wilkinson

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Let's play!: mobile health games for adults  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researchers have designed a variety of systems that promote wellness. However, little work has been done to examine how casual mobile games can help adults learn how to live healthfully. To explore this design space, we created OrderUP!, a game ... Keywords: behavior change, casual games, food, health, mobile games, nutrition, transtheoretical model

Andrea Grimes; Vasudhara Kantroo; Rebecca E. Grinter

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Ion mobility analysis of lipoproteins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A medical diagnostic method and instrumentation system for analyzing noncovalently bonded agglomerated biological particles is described. The method and system comprises: a method of preparation for the biological particles; an electrospray generator; an alpha particle radiation source; a differential mobility analyzer; a particle counter; and data acquisition and analysis means. The medical device is useful for the assessment of human diseases, such as cardiac disease risk and hyperlipidemia, by rapid quantitative analysis of lipoprotein fraction densities. Initially, purification procedures are described to reduce an initial blood sample to an analytical input to the instrument. The measured sizes from the analytical sample are correlated with densities, resulting in a spectrum of lipoprotein densities. The lipoprotein density distribution can then be used to characterize cardiac and other lipid-related health risks.

Benner, W. Henry (Danville, CA); Krauss, Ronald M. (Berkeley, CA); Blanche, Patricia J. (Berkeley, CA)

2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

432

CONTROL SYSTEM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A boiling water type nuclear reactor power system having improved means of control is described. These means include provisions for either heating the coolant-moderator prior to entry into the reactor or shunting the coolantmoderator around the heating means in response to the demand from the heat engine. These provisions are in addition to means for withdrawing the control rods from the reactor. (AEC)

Shannon, R.H.; Williamson, H.E.

1962-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

433

The evolution of mobile industry : modular to integral  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the dynamics of the mobile industry in the US. One in every four Americans owns a smart phone. Smart phones are fuelling the growth of the mobile web and an ecosystem of mobile applications. As innovative ...

Nag, Ipshita

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Mobile interaction design: Integrating individual and organizational perspectives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While mobile computing provides organizations with many information systems implementation alternatives, it is often difficult to predict the potential benefits, limitations, and problems with mobile applications. Given the inherent portability of mobile ...

Peter Tarasewich; Jun Gong; Fiona Fui-Hoon Nah; David Dewester

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

DOE Science Showcase - Research on the "Go" with OSTI mobile...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Research on the "Go" with OSTI mobile Now you can find full-text technical reports from the Department of Energy from your mobile device. The new mobile OSTI website http:...

436

Adaptive Distance Filter-based Traffic Reduction for Mobile Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mobile grid introduces various research challenges distinguished from existing grid computing systems. They are low bandwidth, low processing power, low battery capacity, frequent disconnectivity, and mobility. Mobility of the grid node increases ...

In Kee Kim; Sung Ho Jang; Jong Sik Lee

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Essays on Human Capital Mobility and Asset Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aggregate labor mobility creates a new source of risk; theother. Thus, labor mobility creates a new source of risk:mobility is an observable industry characteristic with new and

Donangelo, Andres Francisco

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Survival, Economic Mobility, and Community Among Los Angeles Fruit Vendors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Discontents: Essays on the New Mobility of People and Money.of International Mobility to the United States. New York:new moral constructions are created among the enforcement of anti-vending regulations contribute to limited upward mobility,

Rosales, Rocio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Mobile identity management system in heterogeneous wireless networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heterogeneous wireless networks increasingly encroach on our lives. Various technologies and mobile applications more often than usual are now used by mobile users. Intensive development of mobile networks not only sets new standards for radio, but increasingly ...

?Ukasz Kucharzewski; Zbigniew Kotulski

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

New Reference Material Supports Improved Quality Control ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In a tour de force of measurement science, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed and issued for ...

2012-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Determination, Control & Improvement of an SKA Radio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

formation and transport of greenhouse gases from the deep sedimentary reservoirs in the Karoo Basin, South Africa. Magmatic sills were emplaced during the initial stages of formation of the Early Jurassic Karoo of the Western Karoo Basin. The breccia pipes are cylindrical structures up to 150 meters in diameter

Ellingson, Steven W.

442

Tuberculosis in Pakistan : improving control strategies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified 25 countries as heavily struck by the tuberculosis misery. Pakistan came sixth in this list. High death and… (more)

Khan, Mohammed Ibrahim

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Load Control  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Visualization and Controls Peer Review Visualization and Controls Peer Review Load Control for System Reliability and Measurement-Based Stability Assessment Dan Trudnowski, PhD, PE Montana Tech Butte, MT 59701 dtrudnowski@mtech.edu 406-496-4681 October 2006 2 Presentation Outline * Introduction - Goals, Enabling technologies, Overview * Load Control - Activities, Status * Stability Assessment - Activities, Status * Wrap up - Related activities, Staff 3 Goals * Research and develop technologies to improve T&D reliability * Technologies - Real-time load control methodologies - Measurement-based stability-assessment 4 Enabling Technologies * Load control enabled by GridWise technology (e.g. PNNL's GridFriendly appliance) * Real-time stability assessment enabled by Phasor Measurement (PMU) technology 5 Project Overview * Time line: April 18, 2006 thru April 17, 2008

444

Mobile monolithic polymer elements for flow control in ...  

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell; Hydropower, Wave and Tidal; Industrial Technologies; Solar Photovoltaic; Solar Thermal; Startup America; Vehicles and Fuels; ... August 31, 2004:

445

SURFACTANT BASED ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY AND FOAM MOBILITY CONTROL  

SciTech Connect

Surfactant flooding has the potential to significantly increase recovery over that of conventional waterflooding. The availability of a large number of surfactant structures makes it possible to conduct a systematic study of the relation between surfactant structure and its efficacy for oil recovery. Also, the addition of an alkali such as sodium carbonate makes possible in situ generation of surfactant and significant reduction of surfactant adsorption. In addition to reduction of interfacial tension to ultra-low values, surfactants and alkali can be designed to alter wettability to enhance oil recovery. An alkaline surfactant process is designed to enhance spontaneous imbibition in fractured, oil-wet, carbonate formations. It is able to recover oil from dolomite core samples from which there was no oil recovery when placed in formation brine.

George J. Hirasaki; Clarence A. Miller; Gary A. Pope; Richard E. Jackson

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Schottky-Drain Technology for AlGaN/GaN High-Electron Mobility Transistors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this letter, we demonstrate 27% improvement in the buffer breakdown voltage of AlGaN/GaN high-electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) grown on Si substrate by using a new Schottky-drain contact technology. Schottky-drain ...

Lu, Bin

447

Using mobile health to support the chronic care model: developing an institutional initiative  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Self-management support and team-based care are essential elements of the Chronic Care Model but are often limited by staff availability and reimbursement. Mobile phones are a promising platform for improving chronic care but there are few examples of ...

Shantanu Nundy, Jonathan J. Dick, Anna P. Goddu, Patrick Hogan, Chen-Yuan E. Lu, Marla C. Solomon, Arnell Bussie, Marshall H. Chin, Monica E. Peek

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Competitive Landscape of Mobile Telecommunications Tower Companies in India  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the entry of 3G and WiMAX players, the Indian mobile subscriber base is expected to reach 1110 million by the end of 2015. To meet mobile infrastructure demand, India will require approximately 350,000 to 400,000 mobile telecommunications towers ... Keywords: Business Models, Infrastructure Sharing, Joint Venture Companies, Mobile Network Operators MNO, Mobile Telecommunication Tower Valuation, Mobile Telecommunications Towers, Telecommunication Circles

N.P. Singh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Extraction Steam Controls at EPLA-W  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ExxonMobil's Baton Rouge site encompasses a world-scale refinery, chemical plant and third party power station. Historically, inflexible and unreliable control systems on two high-pressure, extracting/condensing steam turbines prevented the site from ful

Brinker, J. L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Recovery Act: Advanced Direct Methanol Fuel Cell for Mobile Computing  

SciTech Connect

ABSTRACT Project Title: Recovery Act: Advanced Direct Methanol Fuel Cell for Mobile Computing PROJECT OBJECTIVE The objective of the project was to advance portable fuel cell system technology towards the commercial targets of power density, energy density and lifetime. These targets were laid out in the DOE’s R&D roadmap to develop an advanced direct methanol fuel cell power supply that meets commercial entry requirements. Such a power supply will enable mobile computers to operate non-stop, unplugged from the wall power outlet, by using the high energy density of methanol fuel contained in a replaceable fuel cartridge. Specifically this project focused on balance-of-plant component integration and miniaturization, as well as extensive component, subassembly and integrated system durability and validation testing. This design has resulted in a pre-production power supply design and a prototype that meet the rigorous demands of consumer electronic applications. PROJECT TASKS The proposed work plan was designed to meet the project objectives, which corresponded directly with the objectives outlined in the Funding Opportunity Announcement: To engineer the fuel cell balance-of-plant and packaging to meet the needs of consumer electronic systems, specifically at power levels required for mobile computing. UNF used existing balance-of-plant component technologies developed under its current US Army CERDEC project, as well as a previous DOE project completed by PolyFuel, to further refine them to both miniaturize and integrate their functionality to increase the system power density and energy density. Benefits of UNF’s novel passive water recycling MEA (membrane electrode assembly) and the simplified system architecture it enabled formed the foundation of the design approach. The package design was hardened to address orientation independence, shock, vibration, and environmental requirements. Fuel cartridge and fuel subsystems were improved to ensure effective fuel containment. PROJECT OVERVIEW The University of North Florida (UNF), with project partner the University of Florida, recently completed the Department of Energy (DOE) project entitled “Advanced Direct Methanol Fuel Cell for Mobile Computing”. The primary objective of the project was to advance portable fuel cell system technology towards the commercial targets as laid out in the DOE R&D roadmap by developing a 20-watt, direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC), portable power supply based on the UNF innovative “passive water recovery” MEA. Extensive component, sub-system, and system development and testing was undertaken to meet the rigorous demands of the consumer electronic application. Numerous brassboard (nonpackaged) systems were developed to optimize the integration process and facilitating control algorithm development. The culmination of the development effort was a fully-integrated, DMFC, power supply (referred to as DP4). The project goals were 40 W/kg for specific power, 55 W/l for power density, and 575 Whr/l for energy density. It should be noted that the specific power and power density were for the power section only, and did not include the hybrid battery. The energy density is based on three, 200 ml, fuel cartridges, and also did not include the hybrid battery. The results show that the DP4 system configured without the methanol concentration sensor exceeded all performance goals, achieving 41.5 W/kg for specific power, 55.3 W/l for power density, and 623 Whr/l for energy density. During the project, the DOE revised its technical targets, and the definition of many of these targets, for the portable power application. With this revision, specific power, power density, specific energy (Whr/kg), and energy density are based on the total system, including fuel tank, fuel, and hybridization battery. Fuel capacity is not defined, but the same value is required for all calculations. Test data showed that the DP4 exceeded all 2011 Technical Status values; for example, the DP4 energy density was 373 Whr/l versus the DOE 2011 status of 200 Whr/l. For the

Fletcher, James H. [University of North Florida; Cox, Philip [University of North Florida; Harrington, William J [University of North Florida; Campbell, Joseph L [University of North Florida

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

451

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mobile Source Emissions Reduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Mobile Source Mobile Source Emissions Reduction Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mobile Source Emissions Reduction Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mobile Source Emissions Reduction Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mobile Source Emissions Reduction Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mobile Source Emissions Reduction Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mobile Source Emissions Reduction Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mobile Source Emissions Reduction Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

452

Why We Can Expect Ever More Amazing Mobile Computing Devices...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

this research points towards continuing rapid reductions in the size and power use of battery-powered mobile computers, allowing further rapid progress in mobile sensors,...

453

Banking the Unbanked – The Case of Mobile Money in Nepal.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis investigates ICT diffusion in the context of developing countries, morespecifically in the case of Mobile Money in the Asian country Nepal. Mobile… (more)

Persson, Johan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Guidance for Deployment of Mobile Technologies for Nuclear Power...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidance for Deployment of Mobile Technologies for Nuclear Power Plant Field Workers Guidance for Deployment of Mobile Technologies for Nuclear Power Plant Field Workers This...

455

Exploring Tile-Based Rasterization Alternatives for Mobile Devices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Investigation on Tile-Based Rasterization on Mobile Devices. External traffic on mobile devices is a major part of power consumption. We start with a critical evaluation… (more)

Van der Weide, M.C.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

THE MOBILE WINDOW THERMAL TEST FACILITY (MoWiTT)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

December 3-5, 1979 THE MOBILE WINDOW THERMAL TEST FACILITY (Orlando, Florida. The Mobile Window Thermal Test Facility (Press, 197 . THE NOBILE WINDOW THERMAL TEST FACILITY (

Klems, J. H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Radio channel modeling for mobile ad hoc wireless networks .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The radio channel places fundamental limitations on the performance of mobile ad hoc wireless networks. In the mobile radio environment, fading due to multipath delay… (more)

Sng, Sin Hie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Real-time energy management control for hybrid electric powertrains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on embedded control of a hybrid powertrain concepts for mobile vehicle applications. Optimal robust control approach is used to develop a real-time energy management strategy. The main idea is to store the normally wasted mechanical ...

Mohamed Zaher, Sabri Cetinkunt

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Emissions & Emission Controls - FEERC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emissions and Emission Controls In conjunction with the research efforts at FEERC to improve fuel efficiency and reduce petroleum use, research on emissions is conducted with two...

460

Keyboards redux: Fast mobile text entry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Text entry research is in vogue again, and inventors are flocking to conferences and meetings worldwide to show their methods. What’s causing this resurgence of interest in a topic that’s been dormant for so long? WIRELESS MESSAGING In 2003, wireless messaging accounted for US$16 billion in revenue for mobile phone service providers. Some forecasters predict that between 1 and 2 trillion messages will be sent this year, and analysts say that mobile email will be the next big market for the European industry. Other markets, such as mobile gaming

Thad E. Starner; Thad Starner

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improved mobility control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Advanced CIDI Emission Control System Development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ford Motor Company, with ExxonMobil and FEV, participated in the Department of Energy's (DOE) Ultra-Clean Transportation Fuels Program with the goal to develop an innovative emission control system for light-duty diesel vehicles. The focus on diesel engine emissions was a direct result of the improved volumetric fuel economy (up to 50%) and lower CO2 emissions (up to 25%) over comparable gasoline engines shown in Europe. Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) with aqueous urea as the NOx reductant and a Catalyzed Diesel Particulate Filter (CDPF) were chosen as the primary emission control system components. The program expected to demonstrate more than 90% durable reduction in particulate matter (PM) and NOx emissions on a light-duty truck application, based on the FTP-75 drive cycle. Very low sulfur diesel fuel (<15 ppm-wt) enabled lower PM emissions, reduced fuel economy penalty due to the emission control system and improved long-term system durability. Significant progress was made toward a durable system to meet Tier 2 Bin 5 emission standards on a 6000 lbs light-duty truck. A 40% reduction in engine-out NOx emissions was achieved with a mid-size prototype diesel engine through engine recalibration and increased exhaust gas recirculation. Use of a rapid warm-up strategy and urea SCR provided over 90% further NOx reduction while the CDPF reduced tailpipe PM to gasoline vehicle levels. Development work was conducted to separately improve urea SCR and CDPF system durability, as well as improved oxidation catalyst function. Exhaust gas NOx and ammonia sensors were also developed further. While the final emission control system did not meet Tier 2 Bin 5 NOx after 120k mi of aging on the dynamometer, it did meet the standards for HC, NMOG, and PM, and an improved SCR catalyst was shown to have potential to meet the NOx standard, assuming the DOC durability could be improved further. Models of DOC and SCR function were developed to guide the study of several key design factors for SCR systems and aid in the development of urea control strategy for maximum NOx reduction with minimum NH3 slip. A durable co-fueling system was successfully built and tested, with the help of service station nozzle and dispenser manufacturers, for simultaneous delivery of diesel fuel and aqueous urea to the vehicle. The business case for an aqueous urea infrastructure in the US for light-duty vehicles was explored.

Lambert, Christine

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

462

Mobile Persuasive Technologies for Rural Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4 Iterative Design with Rural Health Workers 4.13 Understanding the Role of Technology in Rural Maternal 3.15 Mobile Persuasive Messages for Rural Health Promotion 5.1

Ramachandran, Divya Lalitha

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Discovering spatiotemporal mobility profiles of cellphone users  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobility path information of cellphone users play a crucial role in a wide range of cellphone applications, including context-based search and advertising, early warning systems, city-wide sensing applications such as air ...

Demirbas, Murat

464

A Tiered Security System for Mobile Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have designed a tiered security system for mobile devices where each security tier holds user-defined security triggers and actions. It has a friendly interface that allows users to easily define and configure the different circumstances and actions they need according to context. The system can be set up and activated from any browser or directly on the mobile device itself. When the security system is operated from a Web site or server, its configuration can be readily shared across multiple devices. When operated directly from the mobile device, no server is needed for activation. Many different types of security circumstances and actions can be set up and employed from its tiers. Security circumstances can range from temporary misplacement of a mobile device at home to malicious theft in a hostile region. Security actions can range from ringing a simple alarm to automatically erasing, overwriting, and re-erasing drives.

Bardsley, Scott; Morris, R Paul

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Effective Protocols for Mobile Communications and Networking  

SciTech Connect

This report examines methods of mobile communications with an emphasis on mobile computing and wireless communications. Many of the advances in communications involve the use of Internet Protocol (IP), Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), and ad hoc network protocols. However, many of the advances in these protocols have been focused on wired communications. Recently much focus has been directed at advancing communication technology in the area of mobile wireless networks. This report discusses various protocols used in mobile communications and proposes a number of extensions to existing protocols. A detailed discussion is also included on desirable protocol characteristics and evaluation criteria. In addition, the report includes a discussion on several network simulation tools that maybe used to evaluate network protocols.

Espinoza, J.; Sholander, P.; Van Leeuwen, B,

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Smart Screen Management on Mobile Phones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an energy management strategy that uses the history of userthe energy consumed by the deterministic schedules historyenergy pro?le of a mobile phone screen, and the usage history

Falaki, Hossein; Govindan, Ramesh; Estrin, D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Incorporating video into Google Mobile Street View  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile Street View is a compelling application but suffers from significant latency problems, especially in limited bandwidth circumstances. Currently, the application uses static images to display street level information. ...

Wright, Christina (Christina E.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Instructional strategies that leverage mobile, handheld computers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile, handheld computing provides teachers and students with unprecedented, new opportunities for teaching and learning. To use these devices effectively, however, teachers need to employ instructional strategies that leverage the affordances of the ...

C. Norris; E. Soloway

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Power-Aware Communication for Mobile Computers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, the mobile community has focused on techniques for reducing energy consumption for mobile hosts. These power management techniques typically target communication devices such as wireless network interfaces, aiming to reduce usage, and thus energy consumption, of the particular device itself. We observe that optimization of a single device's energy consumption, without considering the effect of the strategy on the rest of the machine, can have negative consequences. We propose power management techniques addressing mobile host communications that encompass all components of a mobile host in an effort to optimize total energy consumption. Specifically, we propose runtime adaptation of communication parameters in order to minimize the energy consumed during active data transfer. Information about the network environment is used to drive such adaptations in an effort to compensate for the effect of dynamic service from wireless communication device on the energy consume...

Robin Kravets; Karsten Schwan; Ken Calvert

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Helping mobile apps bootstrap with fewer users  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A growing number of mobile apps are exploiting smartphone sensors to infer user behavior, activity, or context. Inference requires training using labeled ground truth data. Obtaining labeled data for new apps is a "chicken-egg" problem. Without a reasonable ...

Xuan Bao; Paramvir Bahl; Aman Kansal; David Chu; Romit Roy Choudhury; Alec Wolman

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Virtual University Research Initiative on Mobility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BT's technology acquisition has taken on an increasingly collaborative approach in recent years. This paper provides an insight into a long-running collaboration between BT and three universities in the mobility area.

R. M. Dennis; A. R. Beresford; K. M. Brown

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Energy saving cover for mobile home  

SciTech Connect

An insulating and weatherproof protective cover adapted to protect and insulate a mobile home has an outer layer of waterproof material and an inner layer preferably of foam-type insulating material bonded to the outer layer for enclosing the roof and side walls of a mobile home. Openings are cut in the sides to permit the opening and closing of windows and doors. Transparent coverings may be provided which roll up and away from the window openings. Door panels may be provided and hinged from the sides of the mobile home cover to insulate the door. Tiedowns are provided along the lower edge of the cover and may be used to secure the cover to the undercarriage of the mobile home or its supporting pad.

Leonard, M.L.

1980-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

473

Mobile IP Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Mobile IP and Authentication, Authorization, Accounting (AAA) working groups are currently looking at defining the requirements for Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting. This document contains the requirements which would have to be supported ...

S. Glass; T. Hiller; S. Jacobs; C. Perkins

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Transportation planning options for elderly mobility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The population of the United States is aging, yet the current transportation system is not designed to accommodate the elderly. Reduced mobility has a profound impact on elderly well-being, and the transportation needs of ...

Chase, Holly (Holly Elizabeth)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Entropic measures of individual mobility patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding human mobility from a microscopic point of view may represent a fundamental breakthrough for the development of a statistical physics for cognitive systems and it can shed light on the applicability of macroscopic statistical laws for social systems. Even if the complexity of individual behaviors prevents a true microscopic approach, the introduction of mesoscopic models allows the study of the dynamical properties for the non-stationary states of the considered system. We propose to compute various entropy measures of the individual mobility patterns obtained from GPS data that record the movements of private vehicles in the Florence district, in order to point out new features of human mobility related to the use of time and space and to define the dynamical properties of a stochastic model that could generate similar patterns. Moreover, we can relate the predictability properties of human mobility to the distribution of time passed between two successive trips. Our analysis suggests the exist...

Gallotti, Riccardo; Esposti, Mirko Degli; Rambaldi, Sandro

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Asbestos : operating system security for mobile devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the design and implementation of a port of the Asbestos operating system to the ARM processor. The port to the ARM allows Asbestos to run on mobile devices such as cell phones and personal digital ...

Stevenson, Martijn

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Mobile sensor network localization in harsh environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The node localization problem in mobile sensor networks has recently received significant attention. Particle filters, adapted from robotics, have produced good localization accuracies in conventional settings, but suffer significantly when used in challenging ...

Harsha Chenji; Radu Stoleru

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Towards semantic navigation in mobile robotics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowadays mobile robots find application in many areas of production, public transport, security and defense, exploration of space, etc. In order to make further progress in this domain of engineering, a significant barrier has to be broken: robots must ...

Adam Borkowski; Barbara Siemiatkowska; Jacek Szklarski

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Non-disclosure for distributed mobile code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the issue of confidentiality and declassification for global computing in a language-based security perspective. The purpose is to deal with new forms of security leaks, which we call migration leaks, introduced by code mobility. ...

Ana Almeida Matos

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Mobile Traffic Management System Test Deployment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

operation in the Mobile TMC and video transmission to the District 12 TMC and difficulty with the wirelessoperation. The modified trailer was now capable of providing traffic data and video via wireless

Gerfen, Jeffrey Brian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Mobile Food Fusion: Using the Power of Mobile Food to Create a New Restaurant Typology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Mobile food vending has recently experienced a dramatic resurgence, providing lucrative opportunities for entrepreneurs in a difficult economy. By accessing larger regional networks that engage… (more)

Bohlman, Steven Eric

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Sulfide-Driven Arsenic Mobilization from Arsenopyrite and Black Shale Pyrite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examined the hypothesis that sulfide drives arsenic mobilization from pyritic black shale by a sulfide-arsenide exchange and oxidation reaction in which sulfide replaces arsenic in arsenopyrite forming pyrite, and arsenide (As-1) is concurrently oxidized to soluble arsenite (As+3). This hypothesis was tested in a series of sulfide-arsenide exchange experiments with arsenopyrite (FeAsS), homogenized black shale from the Newark Basin (Lockatong formation), and pyrite isolated from Newark Basin black shale incubated under oxic (21% O2), hypoxic (2% O2, 98% N2), and anoxic (5% H2, 95% N2) conditions. The oxidation state of arsenic in Newark Basin black shale pyrite was determined using X-ray absorption-near edge structure spectroscopy (XANES). Incubation results show that sulfide (1 mM initial concentration) increases arsenic mobilization to the dissolved phase from all three solids under oxic and hypoxic, but not anoxic conditions. Indeed under oxic and hypoxic conditions, the presence of sulfide resulted in the mobilization in 48 h of 13-16 times more arsenic from arsenopyrite and 6-11 times more arsenic from isolated black shale pyrite than in sulfide-free controls. XANES results show that arsenic in Newark Basin black shale pyrite has the same oxidation state as that in FeAsS (-1) and thus extend the sulfide-arsenide exchange mechanism of arsenic mobilization to sedimentary rock, black shale pyrite. Biologically active incubations of whole black shale and its resident microorganisms under sulfate reducing conditions resulted in sevenfold higher mobilization of soluble arsenic than sterile controls. Taken together, our results indicate that sulfide-driven arsenic mobilization would be most important under conditions of redox disequilibrium, such as when sulfate-reducing bacteria release sulfide into oxic groundwater, and that microbial sulfide production is expected to enhance arsenic mobilization in sedimentary rock aquifers with major pyrite-bearing, black shale formations.

Zhu, W.; Young, L; Yee, N; Serfes, M; Rhine, E; Reinfelder, J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483