Sample records for improve public understanding

  1. Changing the Conversation: Messages for Improving Public Understanding of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    drinking water to electric cars and faster microchips, engineers use their knowledge to improve people

  2. Understanding and Improving Software Productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scacchi, Walt

    Understanding and Improving Software Productivity Walt Scacchi Institute for Software Research;2 Introduction · What affects software productivity? ­ Software productivity has been one of the most studied aspects of software engineering ­ Goal: review sample of empirical studies of software productivity

  3. http://pus.sagepub.com Public Understanding of Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    One model for direct citizen participation in science-based policy issues is the consensus conferencehttp://pus.sagepub.com Public Understanding of Science DOI: 10.1088/0963-6625/10/1/306 2001; 10; 83Public Understanding of Science Edna F. Einsiedel, Erling Jelsře and Thomas Breck Publics

  4. UNDERSTANDING POSTAL PRIVATIZATION: CORPORATIONS, UNIONS AND "THE PUBLIC INTEREST"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 UNDERSTANDING POSTAL PRIVATIZATION: CORPORATIONS, UNIONS AND "THE PUBLIC INTEREST" BY SARAH F Relations Written under the direction of Professor Adrienne Eaton and approved by ___________[Jeffrey Keefe]_____________ ____________[Dorothy Sue Cobble]____________ ____________[Adrienne Eaton]_____________ New Brunswick, New Jersey

  5. Improved understanding of protein complex offers insight into...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Improved understanding of protein complex offers insight into DNA replication initiation mechanism basics By Angela Hardin * March 18, 2015 Tweet EmailPrint Argonne, Ill. - A...

  6. From Public Understanding to Public Policy: Public Views on Energy, Technology & Climate Science in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    affiliation with a political party necessarily imply support for their party's position on every issue. NextFrom Public Understanding to Public Policy: Public Views on Energy, Technology & Climate Science towards energy technologies and climate change are explored by reviewing recent surveys of American

  7. Memorandum of Understanding on Improving the Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Memorandum of Understanding on Improving the Energy Efficiency of Products and Buildings between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy, dated...

  8. Assessing Models of Public Understanding In ELSI Outreach Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruce V. Lewenstein, Ph.D.; Dominique Brossard, Ph.D.

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in the science of genetics have implications for individuals and society, and have to be taken into account at the policy level. Studies of ethical, legal and social issues related to genomic research have therefore been integrated in the Human Genome Project (HGP) since the earliest days of the project. Since 1990, three to five percent of the HGP annual budget has been devoted to such studies, under the umbrella of the Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications (ELSI) Programs of the National Human Genome Research Institute of the National Institute of Health, and of the Office of Biological and Environmental Research of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The DOE-ELSI budget has been used to fund a variety of projects that have aimed at ?promoting education and help guide the conduct of genetic research and the development of related medical and public policies? (HGP, 2003). As part of the educational component, a significant portion of DOE-ELSI funds have been dedicated to public outreach projects, with the underlying goal of promoting public awareness and ultimately public discussion of ethical, legal, and social issues surrounding availability of genetic information (Drell, 2002). The essential assumption behind these projects is that greater access to information will lead to more knowledge about ethical, legal and social issues, which in turn will lead to enhanced ability on the part of individuals and communities to deal with these issues when they encounter them. Over the same period of time, new concepts of ?public understanding of science? have emerged in the theoretical realm, moving from a ?deficit? or linear dissemination of popularization, to models stressing lay-knowledge, public engagement and public participation in science policy-making (Lewenstein, 2003). The present project uses the base of DOE-funded ELSI educational project to explore the ways that information about a new and emerging area of science that is intertwined with public issues has been used in educational public settings to affect public understanding of science. After a theoretical background discussion, our approach is three-fold. First, we will provide an overview, a ?map? of DOE-funded of outreach programs within the overall ELSI context to identify the importance of the educational component, and to present the criteria we used to select relevant and representative case studies. Second, we will document the history of the case studies. Finally, we will explore an intertwined set of research questions: (1) To identify what we can expect such projects to accomplish -in other words to determine the goals that can reasonably be achieved by different types of outreach, (2) To point out how the case study approach could be useful for DOE-ELSI outreach as a whole, and (3) To use the case study approach as a basis to test theoretical models of science outreach in order to assess to what extent those models accord with real world outreach activities. For this last goal, we aim at identifying what practices among ELSI outreach activities contribute most to dissemination, or to participation, in other words in which cases outreach materials spark action in terms of public participation in decisions about scientific issues.

  9. The Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP): A Public/Private...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP): A PublicPrivate Partnership for Improving Short Term Wind Energy Forecasts and Quantifying the Benefits of Utility Operations The...

  10. Understanding and Improving the Realism of Image Composites Yale University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding and Improving the Realism of Image Composites Su Xue Yale University Aseem Agarwala of a composite. Given the proposed foreground and background on the left, we show the compositing results method. Abstract Compositing is one of the most commonly performed operations in computer graphics

  11. Towards an Improved Understanding of Statistical Extrapolation for Wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel, Lance

    29 April 2008; Revised 27 September 2008; Accepted 30 September 2008 WIND ENERGY Wind Energ. 2008; 11Towards an Improved Understanding of Statistical Extrapolation for Wind Turbine Extreme Loads the International Electrotechnical Com- mission standard for wind turbine design requires that characteristic loads

  12. TECHNICAL REPORTS Understanding nutrient pathways to streams will improve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , in most watersheds terrestrial P exports are greatest where surface waters transport P-rich soils rapTECHNICAL REPORTS 1892 Understanding nutrient pathways to streams will improve nutrient management) concentrations in several environmental compartments were examined in watersheds having a range of base flow

  13. Optical-Engine and Surrogate-Fuels Research for an Improved Understand...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for an Improved Understanding of Fuel Effects on Advanced-Combustion Strategies Optical-Engine and Surrogate-Fuels Research for an Improved Understanding of Fuel Effects on...

  14. Public Understanding of Science The Author(s) 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    -skeptical perspectives on climate change. Keywords climate change, communication, discourse, media, public sphere 1 to the editor in advancing non-standard media narratives about climate change NathanYoung University of Ottawa-standard narratives about climate change in the print media. The letters page is a unique section of the newspaper

  15. Understanding and Improving High Voltage Vacuum Insulators for Microsecond Pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Javedani, J B; Goerz, D A; Houck, T L; Lauer, E J; Speer, R D; Tully, L K; Vogtlin, G E; White, A D

    2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    High voltage insulation is one of the main areas of pulsed power research and development, and dielectric breakdown is usually the limiting factor in attaining the highest possible performance in pulsed power devices. For many applications the delivery of pulsed power into a vacuum region is the most critical aspect of operation. The surface of an insulator exposed to vacuum can fail electrically at an applied field more than an order or magnitude below the bulk dielectric strength of the insulator. This mode of breakdown, called surface flashover, imposes serious limitations on the power flow into a vacuum region. This is especially troublesome for applications where high voltage conditioning of the insulator and electrodes is not practical and for applications where relatively long pulses, on the order of several microseconds, are required. The goal of this project is to establish a sound fundamental understanding of the mechanisms that lead to surface flashover, and then evaluate the most promising techniques to improve vacuum insulators and enable high voltage operation at stress levels near the intrinsic bulk breakdown limits of the material. The approach we proposed and followed was to develop this understanding through a combination of theoretical and computation methods coupled with experiments to validate and quantify expected behaviors. In this report we summarize our modeling and simulation efforts, theoretical studies, and experimental investigations. The computational work began by exploring the limits of commercially available codes and demonstrating methods to examine field enhancements and defect mechanisms at microscopic levels. Plasma simulations with particle codes used in conjunction with circuit models of the experimental apparatus enabled comparisons with experimental measurements. The large scale plasma (LSP) particle-in-cell (PIC) code was run on multiprocessor platforms and used to simulate expanding plasma conditions in vacuum gap regions. Algorithms were incorporated into LSP to handle secondary electron emission from dielectric materials to enable detailed simulations of flashover phenomenon. Theoretical studies were focused on explaining a possible mechanism for anode initiated surface flashover that involves an electron avalanche process starting near the anode, not a mechanism involving bulk dielectric breakdown. Experiments were performed in Engineering's Pulsed Power Lab using an available 100-kV, 10-{micro}s pulse generator and vacuum chamber. The initial experiments were done with polyethylene insulator material in the shape of a truncated cone cut at +45{sup o} angle between flat electrodes with a gap of 1.0 cm. The insulator was sized so there were no flashovers or breakdowns under nominal operating conditions. Insulator flashover or gap closure was induced by introducing a plasma source, a tuft of velvet, in proximity to the insulator or electrode.

  16. Scrap biofuels targets and focus on improved public transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scrap biofuels targets and focus on improved public transport Friends of the Earth's biofuels campaigner Kenneth Richter argues that biofuel targets are a distraction from tried-and-tested ways to biofuel crops such as rapeseed have changed as more research has been done into their impact

  17. Mechanistic Understanding of Microbial Plugging for Improved Sweep Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven Bryant; Larry Britton

    2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Microbial plugging has been proposed as an effective low cost method of permeability reduction. Yet there is a dearth of information on the fundamental processes of microbial growth in porous media, and there are no suitable data to model the process of microbial plugging as it relates to sweep efficiency. To optimize the field implementation, better mechanistic and volumetric understanding of biofilm growth within a porous medium is needed. In particular, the engineering design hinges upon a quantitative relationship between amount of nutrient consumption, amount of growth, and degree of permeability reduction. In this project experiments were conducted to obtain new data to elucidate this relationship. Experiments in heterogeneous (layered) beadpacks showed that microbes could grow preferentially in the high permeability layer. Ultimately this caused flow to be equally divided between high and low permeability layers, precisely the behavior needed for MEOR. Remarkably, classical models of microbial nutrient uptake in batch experiments do not explain the nutrient consumption by the same microbes in flow experiments. We propose a simple extension of classical kinetics to account for the self-limiting consumption of nutrient observed in our experiments, and we outline a modeling approach based on architecture and behavior of biofilms. Such a model would account for the changing trend of nutrient consumption by bacteria with the increasing biomass and the onset of biofilm formation. However no existing model can explain the microbial preference for growth in high permeability regions, nor is there any obvious extension of the model for this observation. An attractive conjecture is that quorum sensing is involved in the heterogeneous bead packs.

  18. Public Understanding of Cleanup Levels DRAFT FAQ Public Involvement Committee Meeting, Hanford Advisory Board

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible forPortsmouth/Paducah47,193.70COMMUNITY AEROSOL INLET8, 2012 FINALPublicPublic SalesDRAFT

  19. Public Understanding of Cleanup Levels Discussion Public Involvement Committee Meeting - Hanford Advisory Board

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible forPortsmouth/Paducah47,193.70COMMUNITY AEROSOL INLET8, 2012 FINALPublicPublic

  20. Public goods and private interests: Understanding non-residential demand for green power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, Ryan H.; Fowlie, Meredith; Holt, Edward A.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article presents the results of the first large-scale mail survey of non-residential green power customers in the United States. The survey explored the motivations, attitudes, and experiences of 464 business, non-profit, and public-sector customers that have voluntarily opted to purchase - and frequently pay a premium for - renewable electricity. Results of this study should be of value to marketers interested in targeting these customer segments, to policy makers interested in fostering and understanding non-residential demand for green power, and to academics pondering the motivations for firms to engage in such voluntary environmental initiatives.

  1. Understanding the Role of Different Conductive Polymers in Improving the Nanostructured Sulfur Cathode Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    structural configurations of conductive polymer-sulfur composites employed in previous studies. In this workUnderstanding the Role of Different Conductive Polymers in Improving the Nanostructured Sulfur for the confinement of lithium polysulfides. However, the roles of different conductive polymers

  2. Wind turbine amplitude modulation: research to improve understanding as to its cause & effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Wind turbine amplitude modulation: research to improve understanding as to its cause & effect M. M-27 April 2012, Nantes, France 811 #12;of wind turbines is presently receiving a high focus of attention. Whilst the acceptability of audible noise from wind turbines continues to be the subject of considerable

  3. Better understanding of bacterial fate and transport in watersheds is necessary for improved regulatory management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perfect, Ed

    bacterial survival in hydro- environmental systems such as sunlight, temperature, soil moisture conditions1559 Better understanding of bacterial fate and transport in watersheds is necessary for improved regulatory management of impaired streams. Novel statistical time series analyses of coliform data can

  4. Using Public Participation to Improve MELs Energy Data Collection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheung, Iris (Hoi Ying) [Hoi Ying; Kloss, Margarita; Brown, Rich; Meier, Alan

    2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Miscellaneous Electric Loads (MELs) have proliferated in the last decade, and comprise an increasing share of building energy consumption. Because of the diversity of MELs and our lack of understanding about how people use them, large-scale data collection is needed to inform meaningful energy reduction strategies. Traditional methods of data collection, however, usually incur high labor and metering equipment expenses. As an alternative, this paper investigates the feasibility of crowdsourcing data collection to satisfy at least part of the data collection needs with acceptable accuracy. This study assessed the reliability and accuracy of crowdsourced data, by recruiting over 20 volunteers (from the 2012 Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Open House event) to test our crowdsourcing protocol. The protocol asked volunteers to perform the following tasks for three test products with increasing complexity - record power meter and product characteristics, identify all power settings available, and report the measured power. Based on our collected data and analysis, we concluded that volunteers performed reasonably well for devices with functionalities with which they are familiar, and might not produce highly accurate field measurements for complex devices. Accuracy will likely improve when participants are measuring the power used by devices in their home which they know how to operate, by providing more specific instructions including instructional videos. When integrated with existing programs such as the Home Energy Saver tool, crowdsourcing data collection from individual homeowners has the potential to generate a substantial amount of information about MELs energy use in homes.

  5. Using Public Participation to Improve MELs Energy Data Collection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kloss, Margarita; Cheung, Iris [Hoi; Brown, Richard; Meier, Alan

    2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Miscellaneous and electronic loads (MELs) comprise an increasing share of building energy consumption. Large-scale data collection is needed to inform meaningful energy reduction strategies because of the diversity of MELs and our lack of understanding about how people use them. Traditional methods of data collection, however, usually incur high labor and metering equipment expenses. As an alternative, this paper investigates the feasibility of crowdsourcing data collection to satisfy at least part of the data collection needs with acceptable accuracy. We assessed the reliability and accuracy of crowd-sourced data by recruiting 18 volunteers and testing our crowdsourcing protocol. The protocol asked volunteers to perform measurement tasks for three MELs devices of increasing complexity 1) record power meter and MELs product characteristics, 2) identify and measure all power modes available, and 3) report the measured power. Volunteers performed reasonably well for devices with functionalities with which they were familiar, but many could not correctly identify all available power modes in complex devices. Accuracy may improve when participants measure the power used by familiar devices in their home, or by providing more specific instructions, e.g. videos. Furthermore, crowdsourcing data collection from individual homeowners has the potential to generate valuable information about MELs energy use in homes when integrated with existing programs such as Home Energy Saver and Building America.

  6. Air Quality and Intelligent Transportation Systems: Understanding Integrated Innovation, Deployment and Adaptation of Public Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    and Adaptation of Public Technologies by Rebecca Susanne Dodder B.A. Physics and Spanish 7 8anderbilt University and Adaptation of Public Technologies by Rebecca Susanne Dodder Submitted to the Engineering Systems Division

  7. Understanding and Improving CRM and GCM Simulations of Cloud Systems with ARM Observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Xiaoqing

    2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The works supported by this ASR project lay the solid foundation for improving the parameterization of convection and clouds in the NCAR CCSM and the climate simulations. We have made a significant use of CRM simulations and ARM observations to produce thermodynamically and dynamically consistent multi-year cloud and radiative properties; improve the GCM simulations of convection, clouds and radiative heating rate and fluxes using the ARM observations and CRM simulations; and understand the seasonal and annual variation of cloud systems and their impacts on climate mean state and variability. We conducted multi-year simulations over the ARM SGP site using the CRM with multi-year ARM forcing data. The statistics of cloud and radiative properties from the long-term CRM simulations were compared and validated with the ARM measurements and value added products (VAP). We evaluated the multi-year climate simulations produced by the GCM with the modified convection scheme. We used multi-year ARM observations and CRM simulations to validate and further improve the trigger condition and revised closure assumption in NCAR GCM simulations that demonstrate the improvement of climate mean state and variability. We combined the improved convection scheme with the mosaic treatment of subgrid cloud distributions in the radiation scheme of the GCM. The mosaic treatment of cloud distributions has been implemented in the GCM with the original convection scheme and enables the use of more realistic cloud amounts as well as cloud water contents in producing net radiative fluxes closer to observations. A physics-based latent heat (LH) retrieval algorithm was developed by parameterizing the physical linkages of observed hydrometeor profiles of cloud and precipitation to the major processes related to the phase change of atmospheric water.

  8. Understanding and Improving High-Temperature Structural Properties of Metal-Silicide Intermetallics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruce S. Kang

    2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was to understand and improve high-temperature structural properties of metal-silicide intermetallic alloys. Through research collaboration between the research team at West Virginia University (WVU) and Dr. J.H. Schneibel at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), molybdenum silicide alloys were developed at ORNL and evaluated at WVU through atomistic modeling analyses, thermo-mechanical tests, and metallurgical studies. In this study, molybdenum-based alloys were ductilized by dispersing MgAl2O4 or MgO spinel particles. The addition of spinel particles is hypothesized to getter impurities such as oxygen and nitrogen from the alloy matrix with the result of ductility improvement. The introduction of fine dispersions has also been postulated to improve ductility by acting as a dislocation source or reducing dislocation pile-ups at grain boundaries. The spinel particles, on the other hand, can also act as local notches or crack initiation sites, which is detrimental to the alloy mechanical properties. Optimization of material processing condition is important to develop the desirable molybdenum alloys with sufficient room-temperature ductility. Atomistic analyses were conducted to further understand the mechanism of ductility improvement of the molybdenum alloys and the results showed that trace amount of residual oxygen may be responsible for the brittle behavior of the as-cast Mo alloys. For the alloys studied, uniaxial tensile tests were conducted at different loading rates, and at room and elevated temperatures. Thermal cycling effect on the mechanical properties was also studied. Tensile tests for specimens subjected to either ten or twenty thermal cycles were conducted. For each test, a follow-up detailed fractography and microstructural analysis were carried out. The test results were correlated to the size, density, distribution of the spinel particles and processing time. Thermal expansion tests were carried out using thermo-mechanical analyzer (TMA). Results showed that the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) value decreases with the addition of spinel and silicide particles. Thermo-cycling tests showed that molybdenum alloy with 6% wt of spinel (MgAl2O4) developed microcracks which were caused by thermal expansion mismatch between the spinel particles and molybdenum matrix, as well as the processing conditions. Detailed post-mortem studies of microstructures and segregation of impurities to the oxide dispersion/Mo interfaces were conducted using x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS).

  9. Improved understanding of geologic CO{sub 2} storage processes requires risk-driven field experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oldenburg, C.M.

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The need for risk-driven field experiments for CO{sub 2} geologic storage processes to complement ongoing pilot-scale demonstrations is discussed. These risk-driven field experiments would be aimed at understanding the circumstances under which things can go wrong with a CO{sub 2} capture and storage (CCS) project and cause it to fail, as distinguished from accomplishing this end using demonstration and industrial scale sites. Such risk-driven tests would complement risk-assessment efforts that have already been carried out by providing opportunities to validate risk models. In addition to experimenting with high-risk scenarios, these controlled field experiments could help validate monitoring approaches to improve performance assessment and guide development of mitigation strategies.

  10. Where Not to Eat? Improving Public Policy by Predicting Hygiene Inspections Using Online Reviews

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    Where Not to Eat? Improving Public Policy by Predicting Hygiene Inspections Using Online Reviews and disclosure more efficient. As a case study, we turn to restaurant hygiene inspections ­ which are done role of inspections in improving the hygiene quality of the restaurants and decreasing food

  11. Towards an improved understanding of free-riding in collec-tive irrigation systems: proposition of a basic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    1 Towards an improved understanding of free-riding in collec- tive irrigation systems: proposition system dynamics model for collective irrigation management is proposed, which is aimed at improving-riding on water in irrigation systems is addressed. A feedback system is introduced, which builds on the concept

  12. Understanding the co-production of public services: the case of asylum seekers in Glasgow 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strokosch, Kirsty

    2013-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the co-production of public services in the case of asylum seekers in Glasgow. It makes contributions on the theoretical and empirical levels. First, it integrates two theoretical standpoints on ...

  13. Understanding the Interaction between Public Policy, Managerial Decision-Making and the Engineering of Critical Infrastructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Chris

    also be traced back to longer term problems in regulating competitive and reliable energy markets in which their systems will be used. We also aim to show politicians and regulators the consequence Europe and can be attributed to public policy decisions, in particular, the 1993 European Union

  14. Investigating organizational quality improvement systems, patient empowerment, organizational culture, professional involvement and the quality of care in European hospitals: the 'Deepening our Understanding of Quality Improvement in Europe (DUQuE)' project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    our Understanding of Quality Improvement in Europe (DUQuE)’A: Evaluating the quality of medical care. Milbank Q 2005,MJ: Connections between quality measurement and improvement.

  15. Air pollution kills. So what? Air quality engineering to improve public health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    9/14/12 1 Air pollution kills. So what? Air quality engineering to improve public health;9/14/12 2 Air Quality Engineering H Air Quality Engineering H #12;9/14/12 3 Really? Air pollution running out of coffins and florists were running out of flowers. -- BBC #12;9/14/12 4 Air pollution

  16. Improving urban public transport performances by tendering lots: a cost function panel data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Improving urban public transport performances by tendering lots: a cost function panel data costs, some cities want to multiply the number of call for tender they organise, by dividing their network in sev- eral lots ("allotment"). In terms of costs-benefit analysis, gains obtained by in

  17. Optical-Engine and Surrogate-Fuels Research for an Improved Understand...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    tools for understanding fuel-property effects on - Combustion - Engine efficiency optimization - Emissions Partners * Project lead: Sandia - C.J. Mueller (PI); B.T. Fisher, C.J....

  18. Understanding, modeling and improving the development of complex products : method and study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Bradley W. (Bradley Warren)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development of new aerostructure designs frequently occurs through a complex process that is difficult to understand and control. Tight requirements for weight, cost, strength, and aerodynamic behavior create many ...

  19. Manipulating Light to Understand and Improve Solar Cells (494th Brookhaven Lecture)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eisaman, Matthew [BNL, Sustainable Energy Technologies Department

    2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy consumption around the world is projected to approximately triple by the end of the century, according to the 2005 Report from the U.S. Department of Energy's Basic Energy Sciences Workshop on Solar Energy Utilization. Much will change in those next 86 years, but for all the power the world needs—for everything from manufacturing and transportation to air conditioning and charging cell phone batteries—improved solar cells will be crucial to meet this future energy demand with renewable energy sources. At Brookhaven Lab, scientists are probing solar cells and exploring variations within the cells—variations that are so small they are measured in billionths of a meter—in order to make increasingly efficient solar cells and ultimately help reduce the overall costs of deploying solar power plants. Dr. Eisaman will discuss DOE's Sunshot Initiative, which aims to reduce the cost of solar cell-generated electricity by 2020. He will also discuss how he and collaborators at Brookhaven Lab are probing different material compositions within solar cells, measuring how efficiently they collect electrical charge, helping to develop a new class of solar cells, and improving solar-cell manufacturing processes.

  20. The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search: First 5-Tower Data and Improved Understanding of Ionization Collection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, Catherine N.; /Case Western Reserve U.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS) is searching for Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) with cryogenic particle detectors. These detectors have the ability to discriminate between nuclear recoil candidate and electron recoil background events by collecting both phonon and ionization energy from recoils in the detector crystals. The CDMS-II experiment has completed analysis of the first data runs with 30 semiconductor detectors at the Soudan Underground Laboratory, resulting in a world leading WIMP-nucleon spin-independent cross section limit for WIMP masses above 44 GeV/c{sup 2}. As CDMS aims to achieve greater WIMP sensitivity, it is necessary to increase the detector mass and discrimination between signal and background events. Incomplete ionization collection results in the largest background in the CDMS detectors as this causes electron recoil background interactions to appear as false candidate events. Two primary causes of incomplete ionization collection are surface and bulk trapping. Recent work has been focused on reducing surface trapping through the modification of fabrication methods for future detectors. Analyzing data taken with test devices has shown that hydrogen passivation of the amorphous silicon blocking layer worsens surface trapping. Additional data has shown that the iron-ion implantation used to lower the critical temperature of the tungsten transition-edge sensors causes a degradation of the ionization collection. Using selective implantation on future detectors may improve ionization collection for events near the phonon side detector surface. Bulk trapping is minimized by neutralizing ionized lattice impurities. Detector investigations at testing facilities and in situ at the experimental site have provided methods to optimize the neutralization process and monitor running conditions to maintain full ionization collection. This work details my contribution to the 5-tower data taking, monitoring, and analysis effort as well as the SuperCDMS detector development with the focus on monitoring and improving ionization collection in the detectors.

  1. Fundamentals of Melt-Water Interfacial Transport Phenomena: Improved Understanding for Innovative Safety Technologies in ALWRs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. Anderson; M. Corradini; K.Y. Bank; R. Bonazza; D. Cho

    2005-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The interaction and mixing of high-temperature melt and water is the important technical issue in the safety assessment of water-cooled reactors to achieve ultimate core coolability. For specific advanced light water reactor (ALWR) designs, deliberate mixing of the core-melt and water is being considered as a mitigative measure, to assure ex-vessel core coolability. The goal of this work is to provide the fundamental understanding needed for melt-water interfacial transport phenomena, thus enabling the development of innovative safety technologies for advanced LWRs that will assure ex-vessel core coolability. The work considers the ex-vessel coolability phenomena in two stages. The first stage is the melt quenching process and is being addressed by Argonne National Lab and University of Wisconsin in modified test facilities. Given a quenched melt in the form of solidified debris, the second stage is to characterize the long-term debris cooling process and is being addressed by Korean Maritime University in via test and analyses. We then address the appropriate scaling and design methodologies for reactor applications.

  2. Integrating Empirical-Modeling Approaches to Improve Understanding of Terrestrial Ecology Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarthy, Heather [University of Oklahoma; Luo, Yiqi [University of Oklahoma; Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent decades have seen tremendous increases in the quantity of empirical ecological data collected by individual investigators, as well as through research networks such as FLUXNET (Baldocchi et al., 2001). At the same time, advances in computer technology have facilitated the development and implementation of large and complex land surface and ecological process models. Separately, each of these information streams provides useful, but imperfect information about ecosystems. To develop the best scientific understanding of ecological processes, and most accurately predict how ecosystems may cope with global change, integration of empirical and modeling approaches is necessary. However, true integration - in which models inform empirical research, which in turn informs models (Fig. 1) - is not yet common in ecological research (Luo et al., 2011). The goal of this workshop, sponsored by the Department of Energy, Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research (BER) program, was to bring together members of the empirical and modeling communities to exchange ideas and discuss scientific practices for increasing empirical - model integration, and to explore infrastructure and/or virtual network needs for institutionalizing empirical - model integration (Yiqi Luo, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA). The workshop included presentations and small group discussions that covered topics ranging from model-assisted experimental design to data driven modeling (e.g. benchmarking and data assimilation) to infrastructure needs for empirical - model integration. Ultimately, three central questions emerged. How can models be used to inform experiments and observations? How can experimental and observational results be used to inform models? What are effective strategies to promote empirical - model integration?

  3. Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics Engineering Institute Publications-Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics Contact Institute Director Charles Farrar (505)...

  4. Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Publications-Sensors and Sensing Technologies Contact Institute Director Charles Farrar (505) 663-5330 Email UCSD EI Director Michael Todd (858) 534-5951 Professional Staff...

  5. Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Engineering Institute Publications-Damage Prognosis Contact Institute Director Charles Farrar (505) 663-5330 Email UCSD EI Director Michael Todd (858) 534-5951 Professional Staff...

  6. Authorization of Disclosure I fully understand that, under the laws of the State of Tennessee, personnel records are considered public

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Pengcheng

    , personnel records are considered public records and may be inspected, extracted, or copied by any citizen of such records. THE FOLLOWING AUTHORIZATIONS ARE FOR RELEASE OF INFORMATION IN RESPONSE TO TELEPHONE INQUIRIES of Human Resources Management of the University of Tennessee to provide the following personnel information

  7. A Computational and Experimental Approach to Understanding HIV-1 Evolution and Latency for the Design of Improved Antiviral Therapies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dey, Siddharth Subhas

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Design of Improved Antiviral Therapies by Siddharth Subhas Dey Doctor of Philosophy in Chemical Engineering

  8. Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclear Press Releases ArchiveServicesPublication PolicyPublications

  9. Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclear Press Releases ArchiveServicesPublication PolicyPublications

  10. Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnical News,Program90803|Publications Resources Policies, Manuals

  11. Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnical News,Program90803|Publications Resources Policies,

  12. Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnical News,Program90803|Publications Resources

  13. Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnical News,Program90803|Publications ResourcesSensing

  14. Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnical News,Program90803|Publications ResourcesSensingLee »

  15. Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnical News,Program90803|Publications ResourcesSensingLee

  16. Toll road public-private partnerships in Malaysia : using the CLIOS process for policy improvements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, John L., 1977-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Malaysia has relied on private sector provision of toll roads for over twenty years using public- private partnerships (PPPs). While the program has been successful in providing close to 1,800 kilometers of highway in that ...

  17. Reform of the EIA process in Indonesia: improving the role of public involvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Purnama, Dadang

    2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The implementation of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) as a planning tool has been utilised for a relatively long time in Indonesia. It was introduced formally through the Act No. 4/1982. Supporting regulation was established in 1986 when Government Regulation No. 29 was enacted. After developing the EIA system for 14 years, Indonesia finally recognized the importance of emphasizing public involvement in the EIA guidelines of 2000. EIA in the previous Indonesian regulations, i.e. Regulation No. 29/1986 and No. 51/1993, did not have provisions for direct public involvement. The Indonesian Government Regulation No. 27/1999 is currently accommodating the above issue. Guidelines for public announcement and public involvement have been introduced in a decree issued by the Head of Indonesia's Environmental Impact Management Agency No. KepDal 08/2000. This was officially enacted on 7 November 2000 in response to the demand for more public involvement, an issue that was ambiguous in the previous legislation. This paper discusses: the implementation of the new guidelines; what has been achieved; and the challenges during implementation. While the paper focuses its review on the Indonesian EIA system, Indonesia's experience is relevant to many other developing countries that are starting to adopt public involvement in their decision-making processes.

  18. Prediction of Unit Value of Un-Improved Parcels of Harris County, Texas Using LEED Sustainable Sites Criteria of Public Transportation Access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Bhagyashri Bharat

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    zero improvement value. The dependent variable was unit value of the property measured in dollars per square foot. The independent variables were measurements that are required for a parcel to earn LEED sustainable site rating for public transportation...

  19. Development of pre-screening indices to improve energy analysis of public K-12 schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landman, David Shea

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , an information-based audit (PNNL 1995). The next audit process is the walk-through audit (Hefflngton et al. 1992). The third type of audit, and the most common, is the traditional audit. (Heffington et al. 1992), (XENERGY 1990), (US-DOE 1978), (Haberl... and Komor 1989), (Harrje and Dutt 1988). The last type of audit, which is also the most detailed and most expensive approach, is the maxi-audit (CES/Way 1997), (PNNL 1995). All audits may use various software and indices to improve the results...

  20. Collaboration between Rutgers Business School, private companies and public entities leading to improved efficiencies in end-to-end supply chain management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    Michael R. Cooper, PhD. "The new Supply Chain Management and Marketing Sciences department playsCollaboration between Rutgers Business School, private companies and public entities leading to improved efficiencies in end-to-end supply chain management The newly established Department of Supply

  1. UNDERSTANDING HOME RENOVATION DECISIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    UNDERSTANDING HOME RENOVATION DECISIONS - A Research Project - Background to Our Research Energy to renovate their homes. We're interested in energy efficiency, but in all other efficient renova/ons can lower energy bills, improve comfort by reducing dra

  2. Large-scale analytics and optimization in urban transportation : improving public transit and its integration with vehicle-sharing services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiraphadhanakul, Virot

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Public transportation is undeniably an effective way to move a large number of people in a city. Its ineffectiveness, such as long travel times, poor coverage, and lack of direct services, however, makes it unappealing to ...

  3. Optical properties are an important way to understand how climate change is altering the oceans we rely on. Dr David Antoine leads the BIOCAREX project in improving analysis of optical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antoine, David

    Optical properties are an important way to understand how climate change is altering the oceans we rely on. Dr David Antoine leads the BIOCAREX project in improving analysis of optical properties. Here, he discusses bio-optics and their application in the Mediterranean Sea As an introduction could you

  4. The understanding of the urban pattern of the financial district with the introduction of new technological improvements in the process of conducting business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sawhney, Nomita

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis poses a question for the future of financial districts. Attempting to understand the future evolution of financial districts. It begins by tracing the history of financial speculation and its expressions in ...

  5. The Energy Improvement and Extension Act of 2008 Division B of Public Law 110-343 Select News and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    and Analysis WSU Extension Energy Library http://www.energy.wsu.edu/library/ ©Washington State University to Select News and Analysis Compiled by staff of the WSU Extension Energy Library Last updated: 7 of 2008 Division B of Public Law 110-343 Select News and Analysis WSU Extension Energy Library http://www.energy

  6. Using model analyses and surface-atmosphere exchange measurements from the Howland AmeriFlux Site in Maine, USA, to improve understanding of forest ecosystem C cycling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hollinger, David Y.; Davidson, Eric A.; Richardson, Andrew D.; Dail, D. B.; Scott, N.

    2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Summary of research carried out under Interagency Agreement DE-AI02-07ER64355 with the USDA Forest Service at the Howland Forest AmeriFlux site in central Maine. Includes a list of publications resulting in part or whole from this support.

  7. Understanding Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints, October...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications Understanding the 2010 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints U.S. Manufacturing Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Analysis Cement...

  8. From Public Housing to Regulated Public Environments: The Redevelopment of San Francisco’s Public Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rongerude, Jane

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    public interest, SFHA is rapidly adopting new and improved industry standards in operations and management,management of poverty and forge new institutional bonds between the public

  9. Cooling Towers: Understanding Key Components of Cooling Towers...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Cooling Towers: Understanding Key Components of Cooling Towers and How to Improve Water Efficiency Cooling Towers: Understanding Key Components of Cooling Towers and How to Improve...

  10. Dr. Martha Monroe Dr. Monroe's work in conservation behavior includes understanding perceptions and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    discussions and workshops to improve public understanding of the possibility of using wood for electricity, social capital and education (Agrawal dissertation 2006), and using neighborhood groups to create. In the realm of environmental education and communication, Martha worked with co-authors Susan Jacobson

  11. Dynamo-free plasma in the reversed-field pinch: Advances in understanding the reversed-field pinch improved confinement mode

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, J.K.; Adney, J.; Almagri, A.; Blair, A.; Cengher, M.; Chapman, B.E.; Choi, S.; Craig, D.; Hartog, D.J. den; Ebrahimi, F.; Ennis, D.; Fiksel, G.; Forest, C. B.; Goetz, J.; Holly, D.; Hudson, B.; Kaufman, M.; Lovell, T.; McCollam, K.; Mirnov, V.V. [University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin (United States) and the Center for Magnetic Self-Organization in Laboratory and Astrophysical Plasmas (US)] (and others)

    2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Generation and sustainment of the reversed field pinch (RFP) magnetic configuration normally relies on dynamo activity. The externally applied electric field tends to drive the equilibrium away from the relaxed, minimum energy state which is roughly described by a flat normalized parallel current density profile and is at marginal stability to tearing modes. Correlated fluctuations of magnetic field and velocity create a dynamo electric field which broadens the parallel current density profile, supplying the necessary edge current drive. These pervasive magnetic fluctuations are also responsible for destruction of flux surfaces, relegating the standard RFP to a stochastic-magnetic transport-limited device. Application of a tailored electric field profile (which matches the relaxed current density profile) allows sustainment of the RFP configuration without dynamo-driven edge current. The method used to ascertain that a dynamo-free RFP plasma has been created is reported here in detail. Several confinement improvements during the accompanying periods of low magnetic fluctuations are observed. Namely, the magnetic fluctuation level is reduced to the point where stochastic-magnetic transport is no longer the dominant process in the core and nested flux surfaces are restored in the core of the dynamo-free RFP.

  12. Understanding miracles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pry, Samuel

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to do so. For example, an eclipse of the sun might cause a "rustic" to wonder while it would not have such an effect on an astronomer. According to Aquinas, the reason the rustic wonders at the eclipse while the astronomer does not is the latter... ". . . when [God] chooses [to] produc[e] certain effects to which secondary causes do not extend We can apply the insights of Aquinas' understanding of the miraculous to Augustine's earlier definition as follows. According to Aquinas a miracle is "unusual...

  13. NREL: Publications - Obtain Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sheets, technical reports, and more-from the following sources: NREL Publications Database Search for publications and bibliographic citations using our database. Many...

  14. 1 Public Policy and Public Administration PUBLIC POLICY AND PUBLIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    1 Public Policy and Public Administration PUBLIC POLICY AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION Through its Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration, Columbian College of Arts and Sciences offers the Master of Public Policy, Master of Public Administration, and the Doctor of Philosophy in the field

  15. Perspectives Nanotechnology and the public: Effectively communicating nanoscale science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crone, Wendy C.

    Perspectives Nanotechnology and the public: Effectively communicating nanoscale science August 2006 Key words: nanotechnology, communication, public knowledge, public understanding the public on concepts and applications associated with nanotechnology. The goal of our work

  16. Frequent Words Improve Readability and Short Words Improve Understandability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with Dyslexia Luz Rello1,2 , Ricardo Baeza-Yates4,1 , Laura Dempere-Marco3 , Horacio Saggion2 1 Web Research.dampere@upf.edu,horacio.saggion@upf.edu Abstract. Around 10% of the population has dyslexia, a reading dis- ability that negatively affects an eye-tracking study that investigates if people with dyslexia would benefit from content simplification

  17. of Public Attitudes Energy & Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and climate change-mitigation technologies; levels of public understanding of global warming and the carbon cycle; and awareness of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). This report summarises the results explore public understanding of sources of carbon dioxide and a climate change-mitigation technology

  18. The Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Public Outdoor Lighting Inventory: Phase I: Survey Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kinzey, Bruce R.; Smalley, Edward; Haefer, R.

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the results of a voluntary web-based inventory survey of public street and area lighting across the U.S. undertaken during the latter half of 2013.This survey attempts to access information about the national inventory in a “bottoms-up” manner, going directly to owners and operators. Adding to previous “top down” estimates, it is intended to improve understanding of the role of public outdoor lighting in national energy use.

  19. Public Meetings

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Public Meetings Individual Permit: Public Meetings Subscribe to receive notifications for semiannual Individual Permit for Storm Water public meetings. Contact Environmental...

  20. Memorandum of Understanding between US Department of Energy and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    information exchange relating to operation of modular vault systems for storage of spent nuclear fuel Memorandum of Understanding between US Department of Energy and the Public...

  1. The Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) facilitates the involvement of the general public in nanoscale research and development, to build new capabilities for understanding and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    The Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) facilitates for understanding and governing the power of nanotechnology to transform society. CNS-ASU is affiliated

  2. Photobiology Research Understanding fundamental biological

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of fuels and chemicals, and understanding electron transport for hybrid generation of solar fuels NREL · Characterization and engineering of redox enzymes and proteins for fuel production · Genetic and pathway engineering of model organisms to improve production of hydrogen and hydrocarbon fuels · Studies

  3. The Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) facilitates the involvement of the general public in nanoscale research and development, to build new capabilities for understanding and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    The Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) facilitates for understanding and governing the power of nanotechnology to transform society. CNS-ASU is affiliated concerns. The Center for Nanotechnology in Society A R I Z O N A S T A T E U N I V E R S I T Y A computer

  4. Intensifying the collective use of public place

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldrich, Darrell E. (Darrell Eugene)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The premise of the thesis states that to intensify the collective use of public place there must exist a broad collective understanding of physical constituents that 'build' spatial relationships. These spatial understandings ...

  5. The Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP): A Public/Private Partnership for Improving Short Term Wind Energy Forecasts and Quantifying the Benefits of Utility Operations – the Southern Study Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freedman, Jeffrey M.; Manobianco, John; Schroeder, John; Ancell, Brian; Brewster, Keith; Basu, Sukanta; Banunarayanan, Venkat; Hodge, Bri-Mathias; Flores, Isabel

    2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This Final Report presents a comprehensive description, findings, and conclusions for the Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP)--Southern Study Area (SSA) work led by AWS Truepower (AWST). This multi-year effort, sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) and National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), focused on improving short-term (15-minute – 6 hour) wind power production forecasts through the deployment of an enhanced observation network of surface and remote sensing instrumentation and the use of a state-of-the-art forecast modeling system. Key findings from the SSA modeling and forecast effort include: 1. The AWST WFIP modeling system produced an overall 10 – 20% improvement in wind power production forecasts over the existing Baseline system, especially during the first three forecast hours; 2. Improvements in ramp forecast skill, particularly for larger up and down ramps; 3. The AWST WFIP data denial experiments showed mixed results in the forecasts incorporating the experimental network instrumentation; however, ramp forecasts showed significant benefit from the additional observations, indicating that the enhanced observations were key to the model systems’ ability to capture phenomena responsible for producing large short-term excursions in power production; 4. The OU CAPS ARPS simulations showed that the additional WFIP instrument data had a small impact on their 3-km forecasts that lasted for the first 5-6 hours, and increasing the vertical model resolution in the boundary layer had a greater impact, also in the first 5 hours; and 5. The TTU simulations were inconclusive as to which assimilation scheme (3DVAR versus EnKF) provided better forecasts, and the additional observations resulted in some improvement to the forecasts in the first 1 – 3 hours.

  6. ABSTRACT: The primary focus of this paper is to improve the understanding of how the technical expertise provided by engineers and other risk reduction professionals is used in the process of managing financial risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer Jr., B.F.

    , based on dollar losses, occurred between 1989 and 1994, such as Hurricane Andrew in 1992 and 1994 urban disaster (earthquake or hurricane) could have economic and fiscal consequences that the public Solutions $20.6 Billion Hurricane Northeast $16.6 Billion Hurricane Southeast $75.9 Billion Hurricane

  7. The Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP): A Public/Private Partnership for Improving Short Term Wind Energy Forecasts and Quantifying the Benefits of Utility Operations – the Northern Study Area.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finley, Cathy [WindLogics

    2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains the results from research aimed at improving short-range (0-6 hour) hub-height wind forecasts in the NOAA weather forecast models through additional data assimilation and model physics improvements for use in wind energy forecasting. Additional meteorological observing platforms including wind profilers, sodars, and surface stations were deployed for this study by NOAA and DOE, and additional meteorological data at or near wind turbine hub height were provided by South Dakota State University and WindLogics/NextEra Energy Resources over a large geographical area in the U.S. Northern Plains for assimilation into NOAA research weather forecast models. The resulting improvements in wind energy forecasts based on the research weather forecast models (with the additional data assimilation and model physics improvements) were examined in many different ways and compared with wind energy forecasts based on the current operational weather forecast models to quantify the forecast improvements important to power grid system operators and wind plant owners/operators participating in energy markets. Two operational weather forecast models (OP_RUC, OP_RAP) and two research weather forecast models (ESRL_RAP, HRRR) were used as the base wind forecasts for generating several different wind power forecasts for the NextEra Energy wind plants in the study area. Power forecasts were generated from the wind forecasts in a variety of ways, from very simple to quite sophisticated, as they might be used by a wide range of both general users and commercial wind energy forecast vendors. The error characteristics of each of these types of forecasts were examined and quantified using bulk error statistics for both the local wind plant and the system aggregate forecasts. The wind power forecast accuracy was also evaluated separately for high-impact wind energy ramp events. The overall bulk error statistics calculated over the first six hours of the forecasts at both the individual wind plant and at the system-wide aggregate level over the one year study period showed that the research weather model-based power forecasts (all types) had lower overall error rates than the current operational weather model-based power forecasts, both at the individual wind plant level and at the system aggregate level. The bulk error statistics of the various model-based power forecasts were also calculated by season and model runtime/forecast hour as power system operations are more sensitive to wind energy forecast errors during certain times of year and certain times of day. The results showed that there were significant differences in seasonal forecast errors between the various model-based power forecasts. The results from the analysis of the various wind power forecast errors by model runtime and forecast hour showed that the forecast errors were largest during the times of day that have increased significance to power system operators (the overnight hours and the morning/evening boundary layer transition periods), but the research weather model-based power forecasts showed improvement over the operational weather model-based power forecasts at these times. A comprehensive analysis of wind energy forecast errors for the various model-based power forecasts was presented for a suite of wind energy ramp definitions. The results compiled over the year-long study period showed that the power forecasts based on the research models (ESRL_RAP, HRRR) more accurately predict wind energy ramp events than the current operational forecast models, both at the system aggregate level and at the local wind plant level. At the system level, the ESRL_RAP-based forecasts most accurately predict both the total number of ramp events and the occurrence of the events themselves, but the HRRR-based forecasts more accurately predict the ramp rate. At the individual site level, the HRRR-based forecasts most accurately predicted the actual ramp occurrence, the total number of ramps and the ramp rates (40-60% improvement in ramp rates over the coarser resolution forecast

  8. MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Protecting America And BWXT Pantex, LLC BWXT Pantex And Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Pantex Site Office MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING This...

  9. Understanding recreationists' attitudes toward and preferences for natural resources conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Chi-Ok

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With ever-increasing demands on scarce natural resources, understanding public attitudes toward natural resources is crucial to accomplishing various management goals for resource conservation and the provision of resource services. Despite numerous...

  10. COMPILATION OF MEMORANDA OF UNDERSTANDING AND INTERAGENCY AGREEMENTS...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the U.S. Department of Energy Tri-fold - Agencies Assisting...

  11. Understanding Availability Ranjita Bhagwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savage, Stefan

    Understanding Availability Ranjita Bhagwan , Stefan Savage ˇ , and Geoffrey M. Voelker of peer-to-peer systems: What does it mean when we say "availability" and how does this understanding not capture the complex time- varying nature of availability in today's peer-to-peer environments. Further, we

  12. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crude023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton June

  13. Understanding Blood Pressure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding Blood Pressure · Monitorathomewithadigitalmonitor. · Useleftarmwithcorrectsizecuff. · Avoidcaffeine,alcohol,andtobacco. Steps to Follow FOR AN ACCURATE MEASUREMENT Blood pressure is the measurement of the force of blood on the walls of the arteries. Bottom number = Diastolic (force between heart beats) Top

  14. The nuclear community and the public: Cognitive and cultural influences on thinking about nuclear risk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, M.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article examines why the public holds views of nuclear-related risk different from people working in the field of nuclear safety. In particular, the study looks at how feelings enter into thinking about risk. It focuses on (1) the nuclear community, specifically the technical experts who perform accident analyses, and the regulators who use these analyses in making risk assessments or policy decisions; and (2) the general public. This article summarizes these groups` approaches to nuclear risk and explores the effects of cognition and cultural conditioning in creating these differences. The goal is to increase the nuclear community`s understanding of the public`s approach to risk, as well as its own, in hopes of improving communication.

  15. The strategy of APO-Hazardous Waste Management Agency in forming the model of public acceptance of Croatian Waste Management Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klika, M.C.; Kucar-Dragicevic, S.; Lokner, V. [APO, Zagreb (Croatia)] [and others

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Some of basic elements related to public participation in hazardous and radioactive waste management in Croatia are underlined in the paper. Most of them are created or led by the APO-Hazardous Waste Management Agency. Present efforts in improvement of public participation in the field of hazardous and radioactive waste management are important in particular due to negligible role of public in environmentally related issues during former Yugoslav political system. For this reason it is possible to understand the public fearing to be deceived or neglected again. Special attention is paid to the current APO editions related to public information and education in the field of hazardous and radioactive waste management. It is important because only the well-informed public can present an active and respectful factor in hazardous and radioactive waste management process.

  16. Using Process Modeling for Process Understanding Dewayne E. Perry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Dewayne E.

    Using Process Modeling for Process Understanding Dewayne E. Perry Systems and Software Research to improving processes is first understanding them. I report here a case study in process understanding using the process modeling language Interact. I illustrate both the language and the process iteratively, somewhat

  17. Recent Stirling engine loss - understanding results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tew, R.C.; Thieme, L.G.; Dudenhoefer, J.E.

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For several years, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and other US Government agencies have been funding experimental and analytical efforts to improve the understanding of Stirling thermodynamic losses. NASA`s objective is to improve Stirling engine design capability to support the development of new engines for space power. An overview of these efforts was last given at the 1988 IECEC. Recent results of this research are reviewed.

  18. Performance Contracting for Public Sector Improvement Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallory, A. D.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 2 Johnson Controls Confidential Overview ? What is Performance Contracting? ? What is the Performance Contracting Process? ? When does Performance Contracting Work Best? ? Government Entity ? ESCO ? 3rd Party... Finance Company ? How do I Pay for Performance Contracting? ? Benefits of Performance Contracting? ESL-KT-13-12-41 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 3 Johnson Controls Confidential COMPANY BACKGROUND...

  19. Public participation in UMTRA Project program management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Majors, M.J.; Ulland, L.M. [Weston (Roy F.), Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Innovative techniques for overcoming barriers to public participation on the US Department of Energy`s Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project have led to improved communications with stakeholders at project sites and improved communications within the project. On the UMTRA Project, it`s been shown that an effective public participation program is an essential element to successful project implementation.

  20. Public Understanding of Science The Author(s) 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    ). Many Americans, however, perceive climate change as a distant problem that will primarily affect future). A variety of impacts are already occurring in the United States (US Global Change Research Program, 2009 is partly the product of a coordinated denial movement (Dunlap and McCright, 2011) that uses conservative

  1. Public Understanding of Science The Author(s) 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Introduction and overview There is a widespread concern among climate scientists, environmentalists and policy and Burgess, 2005), USA (Antilla, 2005; Nisbet, 2009), Norway (Ryghaug et al., 2010) and India (Billett, 2009

  2. Cloudy Skies: Assessing Public Understanding of Global Warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sterman, John

    2002-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Surveys show most Americans believe global warming is real. But many advocate delaying action until there is more evidence that warming is harmful. The stock and ...

  3. Cloudy Skies: Assessing Public Understanding of Global Warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sterman, John

    2003-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Surveys show most Americans believe global warming is real. But many advocate delaying action until there is more evidence that warming is harmful. The stock and ...

  4. http://pus.sagepub.com Public Understanding of Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hulme, Mike

    leadership on climate change mitigation, although recent carbon dioxide reductions have not been for climate change mitigation at both global and local levels. This paper reports on find- ings from was found to be similar in both localities. Although most participants in both locations realized

  5. Special Improvement Districts for Redevelopment of Blighted Areas (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Local redevelopment commissions may designate special improvement districts to aid local public improvements and provide special benefits to district property owners.

  6. Medicine and public health in a multiethnic world 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhopal, Raj

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Achievement of medical and public health goals requires mutual understanding between professionals and the public, a challenge in diverse societies. Despite their massive diversity humans belong to one species, with race ...

  7. Nutrient Management Examination Competency Areas Commercial and Public Specialists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guiltinan, Mark

    of the publications and reference materials are included on the Nutrient Management Resource CD distributedv.01.2014 Nutrient Management Examination Competency Areas Commercial and Public Specialists Management Specialist Certification Program. If a person understands the subject matter described

  8. Multi component Nanoparticle Based Lubricant Additive to Improve...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Multi-component Nanoparticle Based Lubricant Additive to Improve Efficiency and Durability in Engines ITP Nanomanufacturing:...

  9. Understanding Forage Quality Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stokes, Sandra R.; Prostko, Eric P.

    1998-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding Forage Quality Analysis Sandra R. Stokes and Eric P. Prostko* L-5198 3-98 M any dairy producers in Texas do not have the land to grow their own forages. Consequent- ly, they rely on both local and out-of-state farmers for supplies...

  10. Human-Centered Public Transportation Systems for Persons with Cognitive Disabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gerhard

    Human-Centered Public Transportation Systems for Persons with Cognitive Disabilities -- Challenges to use mainstream public transportation systems. This project faces two unique challenges: (1) there are no true "experts" who understand all facets of public transportation system design, operation

  11. NREL: Publications Home Page

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Publications Photo of the cover of several NREL publications. The NREL Publications Database contains bibliographic information about publications developed or written by NREL...

  12. Fleet DNA Project - Data Dictionary for Public Download Files

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duran, A.; Burton, E.; Kelly, K.; Walkowicz, K.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reference document for the Fleet DNA results data shared on the NREL public website. The document includes variable definitions and descriptions to assist users in understanding data.

  13. attitudes of the public: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    performance, service satisfaction and trust in government advocated by the New Public Management, this research contributes to a better understanding (more) Harding,...

  14. affect public attitudes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    performance, service satisfaction and trust in government advocated by the New Public Management, this research contributes to a better understanding (more) Harding,...

  15. 14.41 Public Economics, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruber, Jonathan

    This course examines the role of the public sector in the economy. The aim of the course is to provide an understanding of the reasons for government intervention in the economy, the extent of that intervention, and the ...

  16. COASTAL HOUSEHOLD AIR TRAVEL SPORTS & RECREATION MANUFACTURING AUTOMOTIVE PUBLIC SAFETY MEDICAL GROCERY Search and Rescue at Sea Infrared Ear Thermometers Collision Avoidance Systems Shock-Absorbing Athletic Shoes Powdered Lubricants Improved Radial Tires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Absorbing Athletic Shoes Powdered Lubricants Improved Radial Tires Fire-Resistant Reinforcement Light-Emitting Diodes

  17. Elena M. Miller Public Adviser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the public understand the process Make recommendations for the best way to be involved Assist in successful.energy.ca.gov/sitingcases/almond/documents #12;TID Almond 2 Outreach Siting, Transmission & Envtl. Protection (Siting) Division Notice of CEC the same rights and responsibilities as other

  18. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH AND MEDICINE AT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engman, David M.

    INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH AND MEDICINE AT NORTHWESTERN MEDICINE CENTER FOR PATIENT- CENTERED FOR PUBLIC HEALTH AND MEDICINE AT NORTHWESTERN MEDICINE CENTER FOR PATIENT-CENTERED OUTCOMES "Our work often seeks to understand human behavior and its interface with pressing health issues. We focus on the human

  19. Publication Policy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclear Press Releases ArchiveServicesPublication Policy Publication

  20. Understanding mechanisms of flow instability leads to improved control of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    , hull design, ocean/river hydraulic engineering, surfing, liquid walls for fusion reactors · Liquid MHD/chemical reactor, condensers, vertical tube evaporator, film cooling of turbine blades, impurity control in casting

  1. Understanding and Improving the Smartphone Ecosystem: Measurements, Security and Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Xuetao

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    under the guidance of network administrators. For example,challenges to network administrators. We propose afrom Brofiler, a network administrator can develop effective

  2. Improving understanding of climate change dynamics using interactive simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Aguirre, Juan Francisco

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Global climate change is one of the most complex problems that human kind will face during the 21st century. Long delays in changing greenhouse gas emissions and in the response of the climate to anthropogenic forcing mean ...

  3. Understanding and improving hole transport in hydrogenated amorphous silicon photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johlin, Eric (Eric Carl)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) solar cells have been studied extensively for the previous four decades, the low performance of the devices is still not well understood. The poor efficiency (below 10%, even ...

  4. New Vapor-Particle Separator Improves Understanding of Aircraft Engine

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337, 2011R

  5. Memorandum of Understanding on Improving the Energy Efficiency of Products

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312), OctoberMay 18-19, 2004MWMemo of-ofStates ofNationaland

  6. Memorandum of Understanding on Improving the Energy Efficiency of Products

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015of 2005 atthe District ofInstitute Regarding ProposedOnU.S DepartmentU.S.theand

  7. Understanding radioactive waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, R.L.

    1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains information on all aspects of radioactive wastes. Facts are presented about radioactive wastes simply, clearly and in an unbiased manner which makes the information readily accessible to the interested public. The contents are as follows: questions and concerns about wastes; atoms and chemistry; radioactivity; kinds of radiation; biological effects of radiation; radiation standards and protection; fission and fission products; the Manhattan Project; defense and development; uses of isotopes and radiation; classification of wastes; spent fuels from nuclear reactors; storage of spent fuel; reprocessing, recycling, and resources; uranium mill tailings; low-level wastes; transportation; methods of handling high-level nuclear wastes; project salt vault; multiple barrier approach; research on waste isolation; legal requiremnts; the national waste management program; societal aspects of radioactive wastes; perspectives; glossary; appendix A (scientific American articles); appendix B (reference material on wastes). (ATT)

  8. Understanding Lustre Internals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Feiyi [ORNL; Oral, H Sarp [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Drokin, Oleg [ORNL; Wang, Di [ORNL; Huang, He [ORNL

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lustre was initiated and funded, almost a decade ago, by the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) Office of Science and National Nuclear Security Administration laboratories to address the need for an open source, highly-scalable, high-performance parallel filesystem on by then present and future supercomputing platforms. Throughout the last decade, it was deployed over numerous medium-to-large-scale supercomputing platforms and clusters, and it performed and met the expectations of the Lustre user community. As it stands at the time of writing this document, according to the Top500 list, 15 of the top 30 supercomputers in the world use Lustre filesystem. This report aims to present a streamlined overview on how Lustre works internally at reasonable details including relevant data structures, APIs, protocols and algorithms involved for Lustre version 1.6 source code base. More importantly, it tries to explain how various components interconnect with each other and function as a system. Portions of this report are based on discussions with Oak Ridge National Laboratory Lustre Center of Excellence team members and portions of it are based on our own understanding of how the code works. We, as the authors team bare all responsibilities for all errors and omissions in this document. We can only hope it helps current and future Lustre users and Lustre code developers as much as it helped us understanding the Lustre source code and its internal workings.

  9. Understanding the scientific software ecosystem and its impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howison, James

    Understanding the scientific software ecosystem and its impact: current and future measures James the information needs of domain scientists, software component producers, infrastructure providers, and ecosystem conclude with policy recommendations #12;designed to improve insight into the scientific software ecosystem

  10. Capability Improvement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Trinity NERSC-8 Capability Improvement Trinity NERSC-8 Capability Improvement As stated in Section 3.5 of the Technical Requirements, The performance of the ASC and NERSC...

  11. Public Lecture

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    An outreach activity is being organized by the Turkish community at CERN, on 5 June 2010 at CERN Main Auditorium. The activity consists of several talks that will take 1.5h in total. The main goal of the activity will be describing the CERN based activities and experiments as well as stimulating the public's attention to the science related topics. We believe the wide communication of the event has certain advantages especially for the proceeding membership process of Turkey.

  12. AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGIST Public Anthropology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGIST Public Anthropology 2012 Public Anthropology Year in Review: Actually, Rick a torrent of criticism from anthropologists, including an online response by #12;Year in Review: Public

  13. Understanding Biomass Feedstock Variability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin L. Kenney; William A. Smith; Garold L. Gresham; Tyler L. Westover

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If the singular goal of biomass logistics and the design of biomass feedstock supply systems is to reduce the per ton supply cost of biomass, these systems may very well develop with ultimate unintended consequences of highly variable and reduced quality biomass feedstocks. This paper demonstrates that due to inherent species variabilities, production conditions, and differing harvest, collection, and storage practices, this is a very real scenario that biomass producers and suppliers as well as conversion developers should be aware of. Biomass feedstock attributes of ash, carbohydrates, moisture, and particle morphology will be discussed. We will also discuss specifications for these attributes, inherent variability of these attributes in biomass feedstocks, and approaches and solutions for reducing variability for improving feedstock quality.

  14. Understanding Biomass Feedstock Variability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin L. Kenney; Garold L. Gresham; William A. Smith; Tyler L. Westover

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If the singular goal of biomass logistics and the design of biomass feedstock supply systems is to reduce the per-ton supply cost of biomass, these systems may very well develop with ultimate unintended consequences of highly variable and reduced quality biomass feedstocks. This paper demonstrates that, due to inherent species variabilities, production conditions and differing harvest, collection and storage practices, this is a very real scenario that biomass producers and suppliers as well as conversion developers should be aware of. Biomass feedstock attributes of ash, carbohydrates, moisture and particle morphology will be discussed. We will also discuss specifications for these attributes, inherent variability of these attributes in biomass feedstocks, and approaches and solutions for reducing variability for improving feedstock quality.

  15. The living publication

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the ICSTI Insights Series we offer three articles on the 'living publication' that is already available to practitioners in the important field of crystal structure determination and analysis. While the specific examples are drawn from this particular field, we invite readers to draw parallels in their own fields of interest. The first article describes the present state of the crystallographic living publication, already recognized by an ALPSP (Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers) Award for Publishing Innovation in 2006. The second article describes the potential impact on the record of science as greater post-publication analysis becomes more common within currently accepted data deposition practices, using processed diffraction data as the starting point. The third article outlines a vision for the further improvement of crystallographic structure reports within potentially achievable enhanced data deposition practices, based upon raw (unprocessed) diffraction data. The IUCr in its Commissions and Journals has for many years emphasized the importance of publications being accompanied by data and the interpretation of the data in terms of atomic models. This has been followed as policy by numerous other journals in the field and its cognate disciplines. This practice has been well served by databases and archiving institutions such as the Protein Data Bank (PDB), the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC), and the Inorganic Crystal Structure Database (ICSD). Normally the models that are archived are interpretations of the data, consisting of atomic coordinates with their displacement parameters, along with processed diffraction data from X-ray, neutron or electron diffraction studies. In our current online age, a reader can not only consult the printed word, but can display and explore the results with molecular graphics software of exceptional quality. Furthermore, the routine availability of processed diffraction data allows readers to perform direct calculations of the electron density (using X-rays and electrons as probes) or the nuclear density (using neutrons as probe) on which the molecular models are directly based. This current community practice is described in our first article. There are various ways that these data and tools can be used to further analyze the molecules that have been crystallized. Notably, once a set of results is announced via the publication, the research community can start to interact directly with the data and models. This gives the community the opportunity not only to read about the structure, but to examine it in detail, and even generate subsequent improved models. These improved models could, in principle, be archived along with the original interpretation of the data and can represent a continuously improving set of interpretations of a set of diffraction data. The models could improve both by correction of errors in the original interpretation and by the use of new representations of molecules in crystal structures that more accurately represent the contents of a crystal. These possible developments are described in our second article. A current, significant, thrust for the IUCr is whether it would be advantageous for the crystallographic community to require, rather than only encourage, the archiving of the raw (unprocessed) diffraction data images measured from a crystal, a fibre or a solution. This issue is being evaluated in detail by an IUCr Working Group (see http://forums.iucr.org). Such archived raw data would be linked to and from any associated publications. The archiving of raw diffraction data could allow as yet undeveloped processing methods to have access to the originally measured data. The debate within the community about this much larger proposed archiving effort revolves around the issue of 'cost versus benefit'. Costs can be minimized by preserving the raw data in local repositories, either at centralized synchrotron and neutron research institutes, or at research universities. Archiving raw data is also perceived as bein

  16. action undermines public: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    effective management of invasive species in the Great Lakes. Improving Information 54 Timber supply on public land in response to catastrophic natural disturbance: a...

  17. Anaheim Public Utilities- Residential Home Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Upon request, Anaheim Public Utilities will perform a free home efficiency inspection, in which they will recommend energy saving improvements, rebates and provide some free energy saving devices....

  18. Truckee Donner Public Utility District- Energy Conservation Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Truckee Donner Public Utility District (TDPUD) offers incentives for customers to improve the energy efficiency of homes and businesses. Participants must be a TDPUD electric customer (and water...

  19. Understanding Human Experience Henry Kautz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kautz, Henry

    Understanding Human Experience Henry Kautz One of the earliest goals of research in artificial intelligence was to create systems that can interpret and understand day to day human experience. Early work on the goal of building systems that understand human experience. Each of the previous barriers is weakened

  20. Publication Policy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclear Press Releases ArchiveServicesPublication Policy

  1. Publications - SRSCRO

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclear Press Releases ArchiveServicesPublicationPublicationsnuclear

  2. Publications | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclear Press Releases 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010Publications The NREL

  3. Publications Archive

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnical News,Program90803|Publications

  4. Understanding The Smart Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The report provides an overview of what the Smart Grid is and what is being done to define and implement it. The electric industry is preparing to undergo a transition from a centralized, producer-controlled network to a decentralized, user-interactive one. Not only will the technology involved in the electric grid change, but the entire business model of the industry will change too. A major objective of the report is to identify the changes that the Smart Grid will bring about so that industry participants can be prepared to face them. A concise overview of the development of the Smart Grid is provided. It presents an understanding of what the Smart Grid is, what new business opportunities or risks might come about due to its introduction, and what activities are already taking place regarding defining or implementing the Smart Grid. This report will be of interest to the utility industry, energy service providers, aggregators, and regulators. It will also be of interest to home/building automation vendors, information technology vendors, academics, consultants, and analysts. The scope of the report includes an overview of the Smart Grid which identifies the main components of the Smart Grid, describes its characteristics, and describes how the Smart Grid differs from the current electric grid. The overview also identifies the key concepts involved in the transition to the Smart Grid and explains why a Smart Grid is needed by identifying the deficiencies of the current grid and the need for new investment. The report also looks at the impact of the Smart Grid, identifying other industries which have gone through a similar transition, identifying the overall benefits of the Smart Grid, and discussing the impact of the Smart Grid on industry participants. Furthermore, the report looks at current activities to implement the Smart Grid including utility projects, industry collaborations, and government initiatives. Finally, the report takes a look at key technology providers involved in the Smart Grid and provides profiles on them including contact information, company overviews, technology reviews, and key Smart Grid activities.

  5. Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India* Jeffrey D. Sachs Director The Earth Institute at Columbia_ramiah@yahoo.co.uk Asian Economic Papers 1:3 © 2002 The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the Massachusetts

  6. Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Department of Labor...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    More Documents & Publications Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the U.S. Department of Energy Tri-fold - Agencies Assisting...

  7. Understanding Japan's Role in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    Understanding Japan's Role in a Global Economy #12;Promoting Knowledge on Japan The Center Japan focused on understanding Japan's role in the global economy. Established in 1986 under... · Organizing conferences, workshops and seminars on topics related to Japan and the United States, and the role

  8. Understanding and Informing the Policy Environment: State-Level Renewable Fuels Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, E.; Cory, K.; Arent, D.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Renewable fuels standard (RFS) policies are becoming a popular public policy mechanism for developing the market for renewable fuels in the transportation sector. During the past decade, U.S. states and several countries began implementing these more market-based (less command and control) policies to support increased biofuels production and use. This paper presents an overview of current and proposed U.S. state-level policies, as well as selected electric sector policies and international fuel standard policies. Current U.S. state-level renewable fuel policies list drivers including an improved economy and environment, as well as fuel self-sufficiency. Best practices and experience from an evaluation of renewable portfolio standards (RPS) in the United States and international RFS policies can inform U.S. state-level policy by illustrating the importance of policy flexibility, binding targets, effective cost caps, and tradable permits. Understanding and building on the experiences from these previous policies can improve the policy mechanism and further develop a market for renewable fuels to meet the goals of improved economy, environment, and fuel self-sufficiency.

  9. Wind Forecast Improvement Project Southern Study Area Final Report...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Project Southern Study Area Final Report Wind Forecast Improvement Project Southern Study Area Final Report.pdf More Documents & Publications Computational Advances in Applied...

  10. Data Collection for Improved Cold Temperature Thermal Modeling...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Data Collection for Improved Cold Temperature Thermal Modeling Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise and Engine...

  11. Chernobyl and Fukushima Publications Most Recent Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousseau, Timothy A.

    Chernobyl and Fukushima Publications Most Recent Publications: Møller, A birds in Chernobyl as judged from biased sex and age ratios. PLoS One, 7. Abundance of birds at Fukushima as judged from Chernobyl. Environmental Pollution

  12. Accepted for publication in Energy and Buildings. 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2014.03.056 Improvement of Borehole Thermal Energy Storage Design Based on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .03.056 1 Improvement of Borehole Thermal Energy Storage Design Based on Experimental and Modelling Results Thermal Energy Storage appears to be an attractive solution for solar thermal energy storage. The SOLARGEOTHERM research project aimed to evaluate the energetic potential of borehole thermal energy storage

  13. ORISE: Public Health Communication

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Communication Public Health Communication The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) assists government agencies and organizations in addressing public health...

  14. Public Assembly Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    center, meeting hall, or convention center a library or museum a transportation terminal a funeral home a broadcasting studio some other type of public assembly Public...

  15. IACT Publications and Presentations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Publications and Presentations Peer-Reviewed Publications Conference Proceedings, Abstracts, Presentations, and Poster Sessions IACT-funded Master and Doctoral Theses September...

  16. Advances in understanding solar energy collection materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Understanding solar energy collection materials Advances in understanding solar energy collection materials A LANL team and collaborators have made advances in the understanding of...

  17. Effective Date: MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effective Date: MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING Between DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL AVIATION IN AVIATION AND SPACE TRANSPORTATION I. PURPOSE The Department of TransportatiodFederal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), hereinafter "the Parties

  18. Public housing renovation : an opportunity for a better housing environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordán F., Pablo (Jordán Fuchs)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The central hypothesis of this study is that the current renovation program of public housing projects is based on a predominantly physical perspective. Understanding the administrative and implementation aspects of the ...

  19. Public Attitudes and Elite Discourse in the Realm of Biofuels

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Breakout Session 3D—Building Market Confidence and Understanding III: Engaging Key Audiences in Bioenergy Public Attitudes and Elite Discourse in the Realm of Biofuels Ashlie B. Delshad, Assistant Professor of Political Science, West Chester University of Pennsylvania

  20. Privatizing Public Interest Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Scott L

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    graduation, she received a public interest law foundation grant to work in the consumer rights project

  1. MEDICAL COLLEGE OF WISCONSIN Public Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    student from entering clerkship. At any time during an investigation, lockers are subject to searchMEDICAL COLLEGE OF WISCONSIN Public Safety Student Locker Assignment Record The following terms without prior notice. Your signature below indicates you have read and understand the terms and conditions

  2. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN THE SITING PROCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN THE SITING PROCESS: PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE with understanding and participating in the Energy Commission's siting process. Therefore, the guide is informational in nature and does not discuss all situations, variations and exceptions in the siting processes

  3. The Economics of Public Sector Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollock, Rufus

    result in incentives for over-investment in quality and capacity improvements because, by over-investing, the PSIH stimulates demand and obtains a larger subsidy. In terms of responsiveness an organization operating a more ‘commercial’ pricing policy (e... area (building especially), or keeping up to date with the decisions of their elected representatives. While much data is supplied from outside the public sector, compared to many other areas of the economy, the public sector plays an unusually...

  4. Elena M. Miller Public Adviser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -examine witnesses provided by other parties #12;Elena M. Miller, Public Adviser Nick Bartsch, Public Adviser

  5. Public involvement in radioactive waste management decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current repository siting efforts focus on Yucca Mountain, Nevada, where DOE`s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is conducting exploratory studies to determine if the site is suitable. The state of Nevada has resisted these efforts: it has denied permits, brought suit against DOE, and publicly denounced the federal government`s decision to study Yucca Mountain. The state`s opposition reflects public opinion in Nevada, and has considerably slowed DOE`s progress in studying the site. The Yucca Mountain controversy demonstrates the importance of understanding public attitudes and their potential influence as DOE develops a program to manage radioactive waste. The strength and nature of Nevada`s opposition -- its ability to thwart if not outright derail DOE`s activities -- indicate a need to develop alternative methods for making decisions that affect the public. This report analyzes public participation as a key component of this openness, one that provides a means of garnering acceptance of, or reducing public opposition to, DOE`s radioactive waste management activities, including facility siting and transportation. The first section, Public Perceptions: Attitudes, Trust, and Theory, reviews the risk-perception literature to identify how the public perceives the risks associated with radioactivity. DOE and the Public discusses DOE`s low level of credibility among the general public as the product, in part, of the department`s past actions. This section looks at the three components of the radioactive waste management program -- disposal, storage, and transportation -- and the different ways DOE has approached the problem of public confidence in each case. Midwestern Radioactive Waste Management Histories focuses on selected Midwestern facility-siting and transportation activities involving radioactive materials.

  6. The University of South Florida's commitment to understanding and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    to understanding and improving global sustainability continues to deepen system wide. Nowhere is this ethic exemplified quite like it is in our libraries, which support numerous departments and programs with cutting edge web-based services and online access to research. For example, the USF Libraries are working

  7. Harnessing plasticity to understand learning and treat disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilgard, Michael P.

    Harnessing plasticity to understand learning and treat disease Michael P. Kilgard The University, USA A large body of evidence suggests that neural plasticity contributes to learning and disease. Recent studies sug- gest that cortical map plasticity is typically a transient phase that improves

  8. USOSP Agreement MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutten, Rob

    USO­SP Agreement USO ­ SP MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING on UTRECHT ­ STOCKHOLM ­ OSLO COLLABORATION IN SOLAR PHYSICS CONSIDERING that ­ the Solar Physics group of the Sterrekundig Instituut Utrecht, Faculteit Natuur- en Ster- renkunde, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands (henceforth abbreviated

  9. Children's Understanding of Animal Minds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Timothy

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines the development of children’s understanding of animals’ minds and mental capabilities over two experiments. Experiment 1 modified standard false-belief and discrepant-desire tasks in two age-groups (3-4 and 7-8 years) to test...

  10. Memorandum of Understanding between the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doering, Tamara

    Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Education, Republic of China (Taiwan. Joint selection of scholars will be made by MOE and WUSTL before the end of March each year. 8) Costs and administration The total costs of each scholarship will be divided in the ratio 1:1 between MOE and WUSTL. MOE

  11. A framework for understanding and designing partnerships in emergency preparedness and response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustetic, Jennifer L. (Jennifer Leigh)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using partnerships between the public and private sectors to provide emergency preparedness and response (EPER) functions has become a useful and necessary tool for improving overall emergency management in the United ...

  12. Publications List Publication Title ISSN ISBN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffmann, Rolf

    -7803-4881-8 3-D Digital Imaging and Modeling, 1997. Proceedings., International Conference on 0-8186-7943-3 3-D Digital Imaging and Modeling, 1999. Proceedings. Second International Confer 0-7695-0062-5 3-D ImagingPublications List Publication Title ISSN ISBN 100 Years of Radio, 1995., International Conference

  13. WWHHYY CCHHOOOOSS EE PP UUBBLLIICC HHEEAALLTTHH?? Public health is population health.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    Health care consultant International public health consultant HIV/AIDS program specialist NonWWHHYY CCHHOOOOSS EE PP UUBBLLIICC HHEEAALLTTHH?? Public health is population health. It uses multidisciplinary approach & social justice perspective to promote health, prevent disease, and improve community

  14. Understanding energy consumption: Beyond technology and economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilhite, H.; Shove, E.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes two years of efforts among a cross-disciplinary group of senior researchers to bring social and cultural perspectives to modeling of household energy consumption. The work has been organized by the Center for Energy Studies of the University of Geneva. The researchers represent both the physical and social sciences, several institutions and a number of countries. The initiative was based on an acknowledgement of the failure of technical and economic models to explain consumption or more importantly, how consumption patterns change. Technical and economic models most often either ignore social and cultural issues or reduce them to parameters of other variables. An important objective for the Geneva Group has been to engage modelers and social scientists in a dialogue which brings social and cultural context to the fore. The process reveals interesting insights into the frictions of cross-disciplinary interaction and the emergence of new perspectives. Various classical modeling approaches have been discussed and rejected. Gradually, a framework has emerged which says something about the appropriate institutions and actors which contribute to consumption patterns; about how they are related; and finally about how the interinstitutional relationships and the consumption patterns themselves change. A key point of convergence is that a complete understanding of energy end-use will not be possible from an analysis directed at the point of end use alone. The analysis must incorporate what happens inside institutions like manufacturers, retailers, and public policy organizations as well as how those organizations interact with consumers, including media and advertising. Progress towards a better understanding of energy consumption requires a greater engagement of social scientists with these heretofore little explored actors an relationships.

  15. Local Public Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1959. The Theory of Public Finance. New York: McGraw-Hill.T. 2003. School finance, spatial income segregation, and theJohn M. "local public finance." The New Palgrave Dictionary

  16. Local Public Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    24. How to cite this article Quigley, John M. "local publicEW P ALGRAVE ) By John M. Quigley May 2008 These papers arelocal public finance John M. Quigley From The New Palgrave

  17. Local Public Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cite this article Quigley, John M. "local public finance."HE N EW P ALGRAVE ) By John M. Quigley May 2008 These paperslocal public finance John M. Quigley From The New Palgrave

  18. Mississippi Public Utility Act

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Mississippi Public Utility Act is relevant to any project that plans to generate energy. It requires that a utility must first obtain a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity (CPCN)...

  19. Community Health & Public Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Huiqiang

    Community Health & Public Health Preparedness in the Marcellus Shale Era 2011 Pennsylvania Public Photo credit: Pittsburgh Tribune- Review, Keith Hodan #12;Safety by the Numbers PA Marcellus Citations. Conference presentation, Spain. · County Commissioners Association of Pennsylvania (CCAP). (2010). Marcellus

  20. Indianapolis Public Transportation Corporation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fact sheet describes the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's evaluation of Indianapolis Public Transportation Corporation's (IndyGo's) hybrid electric buses.

  1. Other Geothermal Energy Publications

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you'll find links to other organization's publications — including technical reports, newsletters, brochures, and more — about geothermal energy.

  2. Classification Documents and Publications

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Certain documents and publications created or issued by the Office of Classification are available from this page.

  3. Corps Improvement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Upper Trinity River Basin was mainly from findings in a Corps environmental impact statement (EIS) report in the 1980s, according to Gene Rice, Corps project manager of the Dallas Floodway and Dallas Floodway Extension projects, two of the Trinity River... to mitigate environmental impacts of the proj- ect. The Corps? Fort Worth District and the City of Dallas are using an innovative approach to return floodplain value to the Trinity River, while improving flood damage reduction. Big Fossil Creek Watershed...

  4. 06241 Abstracts Collection Human Motion -Understanding, Modeling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    06241 Abstracts Collection Human Motion - Understanding, Modeling, Capture and Animation. 13th Summary Human Motion - Understanding, Modeling, Capture and Animation. 13th Workshop Reinhard Klette 06241 Human Motion - Understanding, Modeling, Capture and Animation. 13th Workshop "Theoretical

  5. EIA publications directory, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This directory contains abstracts and ordering information for EIA publications. The abstracts are arranged by broad subject category such as coal, petroleum, natural gas, and electric power. A comprehensive subject index, a title index, and a report number index are included. Each entry gives the title, report number, publication frequency, date, number of pages, and ordering information. Publication began with the 1979 edition.

  6. TRINITY HALL PUBLICATION SCHEME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lasenby, Joan

    TRINITY HALL PUBLICATION SCHEME PART 1 INTRODUCTION 1. Legal requirement 1.1 Adopting a publication and whether or not charges will be made. 3. The `model' publication scheme for higher education 3.1 Trinity and is committed to publishing the information it describes. 4. Who we are 4.1 Trinity Hall is a college within

  7. Rodrigo Bańuelos: Publications.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MathScinet Publications and other (September 2013) · Link to Publications on MathScinet. RECENT PUBLICATIONS To Appear/In press: Bańuelos, Rodrigo ...

  8. Reactor & Nuclear Systems Publications | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Home | Science & Discovery | Nuclear Science | Publications and Reports | Reactor and Nuclear Systems Publications SHARE Reactor and Nuclear Systems Publications The...

  9. Memorandum of Understanding | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Between The Department Of The Navy And The Department of Energy And the Department of Agriculture Memorandum of Understanding Memorandum of understanding between DOE and NGLIA...

  10. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Understanding...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Understanding Protective Film Formation on Magnesium Alloys in Automotive Applications Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Understanding Protective Film Formation on...

  11. Hermeneutics: From Textual Explication to Computer Understanding?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallery, John C.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hermeneutics, a branch of continental European philosophy concerned with human understanding and the interpretation of written texts, offers insights that may contribute to the understanding of meaning, translation, ...

  12. Innovators at Heart A publication for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Innovators at Heart A publication for those who support heart-related research, education, and care at the University of Minnesota Help improve heart health for future generations with a charitable bequest page 2's health was deteriorating quickly. Within days of suffering a highly damaging heart attack, she learned

  13. Handbook of Public Information Systems Handbook of Public Information Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IT and public administration, drawing on both the rising interest in the new public management (NPM) and new

  14. From Public Housing to Regulated Public Environments: The Redevelopment of San Francisco’s Public Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rongerude, Jane

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gentrification, Public Housing and the Limits of Newof Families in Public Housing. Dissertation. University ofJeff. 2003. “The End of Public Housing as We Know It. ” The

  15. Corps Improvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tx H 2 O | pg. 6 O ne of the key federal players in the restoration of the Trinity River Basin is the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, whose primary civil mission is developing and managing the nation?s water resources, including projects to reduce... flood damage; improve navigation channels and harbors; protect wetlands; and preserve, safeguard and enhance the environment. The Corps has been involved in the Trinity River Basin for more than 50 years, but the impetus for the current projects...

  16. Digital Storytelling & Documentary Development Presented by Public Partnership & Outreach,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behmer, Spencer T.

    process to improve narrative and expository composition Participants will design a digital storyDigital Storytelling & Documentary Development Presented by Public Partnership & Outreach, Office in a multimodal world of technology. Learn how to combine digital technology applications with classroom content

  17. New York Power Authority- Energy Services Programs for Public Entities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New York Power Authority (NYPA) provides energy efficiency improvements to eligible public sector organizations at no up-front cost. A range of energy efficient upgrades are available through...

  18. Older adult consumers of Texas public mental health services:

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karlin, Bradley Eric

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at disproportionately low rates. Although recent changes in public policies and perceptions portend improved access to mental health services, we cannot assume that older adults are finding their way into the therapy room and receiving treatment. The present study...

  19. Port Angeles Public Works and Utilities- Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Port Angeles Public Works and Utilities provides incentives for business customers to increase the energy efficiency of eligible facilities. Rebates are offered for a variety of improvements...

  20. Different understanding: science through the eyes of visual thinkers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sesko, S.C.; Marchant, M.

    1997-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this emergent study was to follow the cognitive and creative processes demonstrated by five art student participants as they integrated a developing knowledge of big science, as practiced at the Department of Energy`s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, into a personal and idiosyncratic visual, graphical, or multimedia product. The non-scientist participants involved in this process attended design classes sponsored by the Laboratory at the Art Center College of Design in California. The learning experience itself, and how the students arrived at their product, were the focus of the class and the research. The study was emergent in that we found no applicable literature on the use of art to portray a cognitive understanding of science. This lack of literature led us to the foundation literature on creativity and to the corpus of literature on public understanding of science. We believe that this study contributes to the literature on science education, art education, cognitive change, and public understanding of science. 20 refs., 11 figs.

  1. Our Mission The Department of Public Health works to make

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    #12;Our Mission The Department of Public Health works to make medicine and medical care more research in health care delivery and medical care that shapes health policy and influences the improvement of medical care and public health in this country and abroad. Our work is essential to current efforts

  2. Improved aethalometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hansen, A.D.

    1988-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved aethalometer having a single light source and a single light detector and two light paths from the light source to the light detector. A quartz fiber filter is inserted in the device, the filter having a collection area in one light path and a reference area in the other light path. A gas flow path through the aethalometer housing allows ambient air to flow through the collection area of the filter so that aerosol particles can be collected on the filter. A rotating disk with an opening therethrough allows light for the light source to pass alternately through the two light paths. The voltage output of the detector is applied to a VCO and the VCO pulses for light transmission separately through the two light paths, are counted and compared to determine the absorption coefficient of the collected aerosol particles. 5 figs.

  3. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Understanding Climate Change: Sandia Researchers Travel to the North Slope of AlaskaTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename Understanding-Climate-...

  4. Understanding flavour at the LHC

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Huge progress in flavour physics has been achieved by the two B-factories and the Tevatron experiments. This progress has, however, deepened the new physics flavour puzzle: If there is new physics at the TeV scale, why aren't flavour changing neutral current processes enhanced by orders of magnitude compared to the standard model predictions? The forthcoming ATLAS and CMS experiments can potentially solve this puzzle. Perhaps even more surprisingly, these experiments can potentially lead to progress in understanding the standard model flavour puzzle: Why is there smallness and hierarchy in the flavour parameters? Thus, a rich and informative flavour program is awaiting us not only in the flavour-dedicated LHCb experiment, but also in the high-pT ATLAS and CMS experiments.

  5. Health care, culture and society: understanding death rates by intestinal infections in Ecuador

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claycomb, Nancy Mawn

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Intestinal infections are a leading cause of death and a major health concern among the people of Ecuador. To improve health levels in the country, it is important to develop an understanding of the reasons behind these problems with intestinal...

  6. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to model and understand electrochemical mechanisms that lead to performance degradation, suboptimal reliability, and potential safety concerns in batteries. Our...

  7. West Berkeley Public Library

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Berkeley, CA The West Berkeley Public Library, first opened in December 2013, is the first publicly funded Zero Net Energy public library in California. The library takes advantage of many innovative technologies and passive design strategies to achieve its Zero Net Energy goals. The project's Building Team, led by Harley Ellis Deveraux, partnered with PG&E's Savings By Design program to perform early-stage design analyses including climate modeling, computational fluid dynamics, daylighting, solar modeling, and energy simulations.

  8. Filtration Understanding: FY10 Testing Results and Filtration Model Update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, Richard C.; Billing, Justin M.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Peterson, Reid A.; Russell, Renee L.; Schonewill, Philip P.; Shimskey, Rick W.

    2011-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This document completes the requirements of Milestone 2-4, Final Report of FY10 Testing, discussed in the scope of work outlined in the EM31 task plan WP-2.3.6-2010-1. The focus of task WP 2.3.6 is to improve the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) understanding of filtration operations for high-level waste (HLW) to improve filtration and cleaning efficiencies, thereby increasing process throughput and reducing the Na demand (through acid neutralization). Developing the cleaning/backpulsing requirements will produce much more efficient operations for both the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) and the Savannah River Site (SRS), thereby significantly increasing throughput by limiting cleaning cycles. The scope of this work is to develop the understanding of filter fouling to allow developing this cleaning/backpulsing strategy.

  9. Earth Science Week 2009, "Understanding Climate", Highlights and News Clippings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robeck, Edward C. [American Geological Institute; Coulson, Doug [PS International

    2010-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The American Geological Institute (AGI) proposes to expand its influential Earth Science Week Program in 2009, with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy, to disseminate DOE's key messages, information, and resources on climate education and to include new program components. These components, ranging from online resources to live events and professional networks, would significantly increase the reach and impact of AGI's already successful geoscience education and public awareness effort in the United States and abroad in 2009, when the campaign's theme will be "Understanding Climate."

  10. Publications on maglev technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, J.L.; Coffey, H.T.; Rote, D.M.; Wang, Z.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetically levitated passenger-transportation vehicles, using attractive and repulsive magnetic forces, are currently in the development or prototype-revenue stages in Japan and Germany. The basic principles of these technologies have been understood for several decades, but their practical applications awaited advances in high-power electronic devices, modern controls, superconducting magnets, and improvements in our transportation infrastructures. A considerable amount of work was devoted to magnetic-levitation (maglev) transportation system in the late 1960s and the 1970s. Detailed development was sustained primarily in Germany and Japan. This listing of publications was begun as the initial phase of a design study for a maglev development facility sponsored by the State of Illinois. The listing has been continually updated under programs sponsored by the Federal Railroad Administration and the US Army Corps of Engineers. In 1991, the National Maglev Initiative issued 27 contracts for the study of technical issues related to maglev and four contracts for the definition of maglev systems. In December 1991, the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act was enacted, mandating the development of a US-designed maglev system in a six-year period. This listing is offered as an aid to those working on these projects, to help them locate technical papers on relevant technologies. The design and installation of a maglev transportation system will require the efforts of workers in many disciplines, from electronics to economics to safety. Accordingly, the references have been grouped in 14 different sections to expedite review of the listing. In many case, the references are annotated to indicate the general content of the papers. Abstracts are not available. A list of information services from which the listed documents might be obtained and an author index are provided.

  11. Sandia National Laboratories: Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This public benchmark represents analysis ... A Model for the Nation: Promoting Education and Innovation in Vermont's Electricity Sector On May 8, 2012, in Climate,...

  12. ORISE: Public Health Preparedness

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by convening community-based workshops and key stakeholder meetings aimed at managing a health care surge during a public health emergency. By identifying and involving key...

  13. Emergency Public Information

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume defines elements of providing information to the public during and following emergencies. Canceled by DOE G 151.1-4.

  14. CEES Publications and Presentations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    & Presentations CEES-Authored and Co-Authored Cover Stories Peer-Reviewed Publications Conference Proceedings, Abstracts, Presentations, and Poster Sessions Patents Frontiers in...

  15. JLF Publication Policy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    performed at the Facility. Vehicles for the publication may include: Journal articles Conference proceedings articles Books or book chapters Technical reports Dissertations...

  16. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    public fears regarding nuclear energy remain and are probably enhances by the effect of the tsunami on the Fukushima reactor, development of nuclear power is likely to continue...

  17. Geothermal Outreach Publications

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you'll find the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) most recent outreach publications about geothermal technologies, research, and development.

  18. Oil and Gas CDT Using noble gas isotopes to develop a mechanistic understanding of shale gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    Oil and Gas CDT Using noble gas isotopes to develop a mechanistic understanding of shale gas, desorbtion, tracing, migration Overview The discovery of shale gas in UK Shales demonstrates how important and no doubt will vary from shale to shale. An improved understanding of the controls on gas production from

  19. Review of Prior Commercial Building Energy Efficiency Retrofit Evaluation: A Report to Snohomish Public Utilities District

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, Phillip

    2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Snohomish County Public Utilities District (the District or Snohomish PUD) provides electricity to about 325,000 customers in Snohomish County, Washington. The District has an incentive programs to encourage commercial customers to improve energy efficiency: the District partially reimburses the cost of approved retrofits if they provide a level of energy performance improvement that is specified by contract. In 2013 the District contracted with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to provide a third-party review of the Monitoring and Verification (M&V) practices the District uses to evaluate whether companies are meeting their contractual obligations. This work helps LBNL understand the challenges faced by real-world practitioners of M&V of energy savings, and builds on a body of related work such as Price et al. (2013). The District selected a typical project for which they had already performed an evaluation. The present report includes the District's original evaluation as well as LBNL's review of their approach. The review is based on the document itself; on investigation of the load data and outdoor air temperature data from the building evaluated in the document; and on phone discussions with Bill Harris of the Snohomish County Public Utilities District. We will call the building studied in the document the subject building, the original Snohomish PUD report will be referred to as the Evaluation, and this discussion by LBNL is called the Review.

  20. Improving public transportation to Boston Logan International Airport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Siyuan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Boston Logan International Airport is the largest airport in New England and the 1 9 th busiest airport in the United States, serving 29.3 million passengers (arrivals and departures) in 2012. There are approximately 36,900 ...

  1. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Improved Method for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa-Anomalous Radiative AbsorptionARM InArctic Facility forofCloudthe ECMWF

  2. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Improved Techniques for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa-Anomalous Radiative AbsorptionARM InArctic Facility forofCloudthe ECMWFDeriving Thin

  3. JLab Implements Process to Improve Public Access to Research Results |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12 Investigation PeerNOON 2004 February 12,Cluster

  4. EIA Publications Directory 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This directory contains abstracts and ordering information for EIA publications released in the above time period. The abstracts are arranged by broad subject category such as coal, petroleum, natural gas, and electric power. A comprehensive subject index, a title index, and a report number index are included. Each entry gives the title, report number, publication frequency, date, number of pages, and ordering information.

  5. Public affairs plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Public Affairs Plan is to establish goals for the fiscal year (FY) 1996 UMTRA Project public affairs program and to identify specific activities to be conducted during the year. It describes the roles of various agencies involved in the public affairs program and defines the functions of the UMTRA Project Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC) Public Affairs Department. It replaces the FY 1995 Public Affairs Plan (DOE/AL/62350-154). The plan also describes the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) plans to keep stakeholders and other members of the public informed about UMTRA Project policies, plans, and activities, and provide opportunities for stakeholders and interested segments of the public to participate in UMTRA Project decision-making processes. The plan applies to the UMTRA Project Team; the DOE Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO); the DOE Albuquerque Operations Office, Office of Public Affairs (OPA); the TAC; the UMTRA Project Remedial Action Contractor (RAC); and other cooperating agencies.

  6. Public affairs plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Public Affairs Plan is to establish goals for the Fiscal Year 1995 UMTRA public affairs program and identify specific activities to be conducted during the year. It also describes the roles of various agencies involved in the conduct of the public affairs program and defines the functions of the Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC) Public Affairs Department. It integrates and replaces the Public Participation Plan (DOE/AL/62350-47D) and Public Information Plan (DOE/AL/623590-71). The plan describes the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) plans to keep stakeholders and other members of the public informed about project policies, plans, and activities, and provide opportunities for stakeholders and interested segments of the public to participate in project decision-making processes. The plan applies to the UMTRA Project Office; the DOE Albuquerque Operations Office, Office of Intergovernmental and External Affairs (OIEA); the UMTRA TAC; the UMTRA Remedial Action Contractor (RAC); and other cooperating agencies.

  7. NREL Collaborates to Improve Wind Turbine Technology (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL's Gearbox Reliability Collaborative leads to wind turbine gearbox reliability, lowering the cost of energy. Unintended gearbox failures have a significant impact on the cost of wind farm operations. In 2007, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) initiated the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC), which follows a multi-pronged approach based on a collaborative of manufacturers, owners, researchers, and consultants. The project combines analysis, field testing, dynamometer testing, condition monitoring, and the development and population of a gearbox failure database. NREL and other GRC partners have been able to identify shortcomings in the design, testing, and operation of wind turbines that contribute to reduced gearbox reliability. In contrast to private investigations of these problems, GRC findings are quickly shared among GRC participants, including many wind turbine manufacturers and equipment suppliers. Ultimately, the findings are made public for use throughout the wind industry. This knowledge will result in increased gearbox reliability and an overall reduction in the cost of wind energy. Project essentials include the development of two redesigned and heavily instrumented representative gearbox designs. Field and dynamometer tests are conducted on the gearboxes to build an understanding of how selected loads and events translate into bearing and gear response. The GRC evaluates and validates current wind turbine, gearbox, gear and bearing analytical tools/models, develops new tools/models, and recommends improvements to design and certification standards, as required. In addition, the GRC is investigating condition monitoring methods to improve turbine reliability. Gearbox deficiencies are the result of many factors, and the GRC team recommends efficient and cost-effective improvements in order to expand the industry knowledge base and facilitate immediate improvements in the gearbox life cycle.

  8. Electrical Core Transformer for Grid Improvement Incorporating Wire Magnetic Components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrie R. Buswell, PhD; Dennis Jacobs, PhD; Steve Meng

    2012-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The research reported herein adds to the understanding of oil-immersed distribution transformers by exploring and demonstrating potential improvements in efficiency and cost utilizing the unique Buswell approach wherein the unit is redesigned, replacing magnetic sheet with wire allowing for improvements in configuration and increased simplicity in the build process. Exploration of new designs is a critical component in our drive to assure reduction of energy waste, adequate delivery to the citizenry, and the robustness of U.S. manufacturing. By moving that conversation forward, this exploration adds greatly to our base of knowledge and clearly outlines an important avenue for further exploration. This final report shows several advantages of this new transformer type (outlined in a report signed by all of our collaborating partners and included in this document). Although materials development is required to achieve commercial potential, the clear benefits of the technology if that development were a given is established. Exploration of new transformer types and further work on the Buswell design approach is in the best interest of the public, industry, and the United States. Public benefits accrue from design alternatives that reduce the overall use of energy, but it must be acknowledged that new DOE energy efficiency standards have provided some assurance in that regard. Nonetheless the burden of achieving these new standards has been largely shifted to the manufacturers of oil-immersed distribution transformers with cost increasing up to 20% of some units versus 2006 when this investigation was started. Further, rising costs have forced the industry to look closely are far more expensive technologies which may threaten U.S. competitiveness in the distribution transformer market. This concern is coupled with the realization that many units in the nation's grid are beyond their optimal life which suggests that the nation may be headed for an infrastructure crisis that U.S. industry is ill prepared to handle which could further challenge U.S. competitiveness.

  9. Classification of London's public transport users using smart card data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortega-Tong, Meisy A. (Meisy Andrea)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding transit users in terms of their travel patterns can support the planning and design of better services. User classification can improve market research through more targeted access to groups of interest. It ...

  10. Improving product availability in hospitals : the role of inventory inaccuracies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Opolon, David C. (David Cyrille)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    All players in the healthcare industry face increasing public and political pressure to improve quality of care and control costs. Hospitals, on the frontline of this challenge, face nursing shortages and financial ...

  11. Improved Low visibility and Ceiling Forecasts at Schiphol Airport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    Project team Photo: Peter de Vries (KNMI) July 2008 KDC/2008/0089 KNMI publication 222 #12;Improved Low sensor technology, high resolution models and other innovative developments. This report marks the end

  12. Improving the Image, Identity, and Reputation of Urban School Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockwell, Robert R.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This collective qualitative case study explores the ways American urban school districts engage in image management and reputation building activities to sustain their on-going organizational improvement efforts and maintain public support...

  13. alendronate treatment improves: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This publication describes various kinds of systems and guides the homeowner in assessing... Harris, Bill L.; Hoffman, D.; Mazac Jr., F. J. 1997-08-29 26 Improving delivery...

  14. San Francisco's Public School Facilities as Public Assets: A Shared Understanding and Policy Recommendations for the Community Use of Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent, Jeffrey M; Filardo, Mary; Klein, Jordan; McKoy, Deborah L

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Carver Elementary School, Junipero Serra Elementary School, Malcolm X Elementary School, and Rooftop Elementary School - Nancy Mayeda Campus) while all middle schools

  15. An Understanding of How Public Good Creation and Resource Allocation are Affected by State Budget Reductions at Public Universities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walton, Lars Timothy

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    investigate declining university funding, the university asfuture reductions to university funding and how these wouldDecline in State Funding University of California Budget

  16. An Understanding of How Public Good Creation and Resource Allocation are Affected by State Budget Reductions at Public Universities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walton, Lars Timothy

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and University Organization: Theories for Effective Policytheory is a seminal organization theory, positing thatdependency theory and how outside organization influences

  17. Improving School Governance | 1 Improving School Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Improving School Governance | 1 Improving School Governance A Recommended Code of Governance for Schools: A flexible framework for strategic planning October 2012 Pilot version 1 #12;Improving School Governance | 2 #12;Improving School Governance | 3 This pilot version of the Recommended Code of Governance

  18. Communicating with the public

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blumenthal, M. [Scrap Tire Management Council, Washington, DC (United States)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    As industries move forward with their daily activities or attempt to introduce new technologies or changes to their operations, they encounter a series of reactions from the regulatory community and the public. How a company approaches and deals with these factors that can influence the general perception of a situation can greatly affect the duration of the process and the severity of the reactions. One of the most critical components that can have impact this process is how you communicate with the public. From the experiences gained in the field, a method for communicating with the public has been developed that can assist a combustion facility in this effort.

  19. Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City of Lakes Minneapolis Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study #12;Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City of Lakes Background: · Currently, funding

  20. Regulatory Streamlining and Improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark A. Carl

    2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) engaged in numerous projects outlined under the scope of work discussed in the United States Department of Energy (DOE) grant number DE-FC26-04NT15456 awarded to the IOGCC. Numerous projects were completed that were extremely valuable to state oil and gas agencies as a result of work performed utilizing resources provided by the grant. There are numerous areas in which state agencies still need assistance. This additional assistance will need to be addressed under future scopes of work submitted annually to DOE's Project Officer for this grant. This report discusses the progress of the projects outlined under the grant scope of work for the 2005-2006 areas of interest, which are as follows: Area of Interest No. 1--Regulatory Streamlining and Improvement: This area of interest continues to support IOGCC's regulatory streamlining efforts that include the identification and elimination of unnecessary duplications of efforts between and among state and federal programs dealing with exploration and production on public lands. Area of Interest No. 2--Technology: This area of interest seeks to improve efficiency in states through the identification of technologies that can reduce costs. Area of Interest No. 3--Training and Education: This area of interest is vital to upgrading the skills of regulators and industry alike. Within the National Energy Policy, there are many appropriate training and education opportunities. Education was strongly endorsed by the President's National Energy Policy Development group. Acting through the governors offices, states are very effective conduits for the dissemination of energy education information. While the IOGCC favors the development of a comprehensive, long-term energy education plan, states are also supportive of immediate action on important concerns, such as energy prices, availability and conservation. Area of Interest No. 4--Resource Assessment and Development: This area of interest relates directly to helping maximize production of domestic oil and natural gas resources, including areas that are under explored or have not been adequately defined.

  1. Public Utilities Act (Illinois)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This act aims to make energy services in the state reliable and efficient, while preserving the quality if the environment. It states the duties of public utilities in terms of accounts and reports...

  2. Public Utilities (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Chapter 366 of the Florida Statutes governs the operation of public utilities, and includes a section pertaining to cogeneration and small power production (366.051). This section establishes the...

  3. 130517 - Public Meeting - Notepad

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    is intended to be built whether or not Page 4 130517 - Public Meeting 6 the Baja WindEnergia Sierra Project is constructed. 7 Now, before I begin calling on speakers, I'm 8...

  4. Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008 #12;- 5 - Scholarly Publications 2007 | The Petroleum Institute Patents Chemical Engineering Editor: C. Brandt Program Editors: K. Nandakumar Chemical Engineering A. A. Shehada Electrical Engineering A. Goharzadeh Mechanical Engineering F. Akgun Engineering S. Morad Petroleum Geosciences H. L. Lim

  5. Sandia National Laboratories: Biofuels Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SystemsRenewable EnergyBiomassBiofuelsBiofuels Publications Biofuels Publications Undergirded by the powerful capabilities, state-of-the-art facilities, and brilliant minds that...

  6. New research, publications and videos

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New research, publications and videos Alumni Link: Opportunities, News and Resources for Former Employees Latest Issue:March 2015 All Issues submit New research, publications...

  7. BBEE Public Utility Conference Call

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    BBEE Public Utility Conference Call May 19, 2011 - Summary Summer Goodwin, BPA, welcomed public utility representative participants, asked them to introduce themselves, and...

  8. The New House of the Region of Hannover - Building Energy Efficient in a Public Private Partnership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubert, T.; Plesser, S.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    / 3 91 - 35 84 plesser@igs.bau.tu-bs.de The New House of the Region of Hannover - Building energy Efficient in a Public Private Partnership Topic: Examples of advanced/demonstration buildings Key words: Demonstration building, PPP..., public private partnership, commissioning, energy efficiency, user comfort Public Private Partnerships are an increasingly popular approach to carry out public infra-structure projects. PPPs aim at reducing costs and risk and improving service...

  9. Public Domain, Public Interest, Public Funding: Focussing on the ‘Three P’s’ in Scientific Research 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waelde, Charlotte

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the ‘three Ps’ of scientific research: Public Domain; Public Interest; Public Funding by examining difficulties faced by scientists engaged in scientific research. It discusses the problems faced when ...

  10. Graduate School of Public Health (Graduate School of Public Health) (Dept. of Public Health)`

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Guebuem

    including environmental health covering concept of contents and meanings. (Health Care Management-3-0 History of Health & Medical Care , , . , , , . This course reviews Graduate School of Public Health #12;#12;(Graduate School of Public Health) (Dept. of Public

  11. NIST Special Publication 800-160 Initial Public Draft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA), Public Law (P.L.) 107-347. NIST is responsible agencies may wish to closely follow the development of these new publications by NIST. OrganizationsNIST Special Publication 800-160 Initial Public Draft Systems Security Engineering An Integrated

  12. Understanding Educational Reforms: Physics Education Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Understanding Educational Reforms: Impacts of Physics Education Research Steven Pollock Physics Science Education Scientifically Theoretical frames Student concepts and engagement Curricular reforms

  13. Memorandum of Understanding, Responsibilities of Federal Agencies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to Protect Migratory Birds September 12, 2013 DOE and the Department of the Interior's Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU)...

  14. Memorandum of Understanding Regarding Transmission Siting on...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Took Effect Not Provided Legal Citation Not provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Memorandum of Understanding Regarding...

  15. Memorandum of Understanding Regarding Transmission Siting on...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Took Effect Not Provided Legal Citation Not provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Citation Federal Agencies. . Memorandum of Understanding...

  16. Project Profile: Helios: Understanding Solar Evolution through...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Analytics Project Profile: Helios: Understanding Solar Evolution through Text Analytics Logo of SRI International. SRI International, under the Solar Energy Evolution and Diffusion...

  17. 476 THE NEUROSCIENTIST Cortical Hierarchy Copyright 2004 Sage Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jouve, Bertrand

    476 THE NEUROSCIENTIST Cortical Hierarchy Copyright © 2004 Sage Publications ISSN 1073­8584 Understanding how the cerebral cortex processes infor­ mation is a major aim of neurobiology today with impor­directed projections that stem from infragranular layer neurons and terminate outside of layer 4. These findings were

  18. MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prasad, Sanjiva

    MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND BHEL REGARDING THE `THERMAL POWER PLANT ENGINEERING CHAIR' This Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) made on 25th day of august 1986 between Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi (IITD) and M/s Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, 18

  19. Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India Jeffrey D. Sachs, Nirupam Bajpai and Ananthi Ramiah Papers #12;Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India Jeffrey D. Sachs Center for International Development (CID) Harvard University Ananthi_Ramiah@harvard.edu This paper was prepared for the Asian Economic

  20. Understanding complexity in the human brain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gazzaniga, Michael

    Understanding complexity in the human brain Danielle S. Bassett1 and Michael S. Gazzaniga2 1 the ultimate aim of neuroscientific enquiry is to gain an understanding of the brain and how its work- ings of mind­brain mechanisms if the cumulative findings from these neu- roscientific studies are coupled

  1. Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance of forests in Britain Research Report #12;#12;Research Report Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance of forests in Britain Forestry forest soil survey 29 3.5.2 Carbon storage in the main British forest soil types 30 3.5.3 Changes in soil

  2. Distinguished Lecturer Series Understanding Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Distinguished Lecturer Series Understanding Climate Change: Opportunities and Challenges for Data A Climate change is the defining environmental challenge facing our planet, yet there is considerable.Anew and transformative approach is required to understand the potential impact of climate change. Data driven approaches

  3. MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING MR. SULAIMAN MUTAWA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prasad, Sanjiva

    MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING between MR. SULAIMAN MUTAWA and INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOG DELHI for creation of SULAIMAN MUTAWA Chair Professorship This memorandum of understanding (MoU) between Mr. Sulaiman Delhi. Objectives: The establishment of the Fellowships is expected to: 1. promote excellence

  4. SHORT REVIEW Ecological genomics: understanding gene and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaufman, Glennis A.

    SHORT REVIEW Ecological genomics: understanding gene and genome function in the natural environment MC Ungerer, LC Johnson and MA Herman Division of Biology, Ecological Genomics Institute, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA The field of ecological genomics seeks to understand the genetic mechanisms

  5. Understanding the Effects of Marine Biodiversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stachowicz, Jay

    and negative effects on herbivores. Recognizing that marine and terrestrial approaches to understandingUnderstanding the Effects of Marine Biodiversity on Communities and Ecosystems John J. Stachowicz,1 There is growing interest in the effects of changing marine biodi- versity on a variety of community properties

  6. What We Do Understand of Colour Confinement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Di Giacomo; B. Lucini

    1999-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The status of our understanding of confinement is reviewed. The evidence from lattice is that monopole condensation, or dual superconductivity, is at work. Confinement is an order-disorder transition. Different monopole species look equivalent, indicating that the symmetry of the disordered phase is more interesting that we understand.

  7. Managing Technical Risk: Understanding Private Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    action. Our study seeks to inform the decisions of both government managers and private entrepreneursApril 2000 Managing Technical Risk: Understanding Private Sector Decision Making on Early Stage 00-787 Managing Technical Risk Understanding Private Sector Decision Making on Early Stage Technology

  8. Understanding Multi-Transputer Execution Susan Stepney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stepney, Susan

    of the execution of occam (2) programs. But even the static structure of an occam program is considerably more of the communication. Folds are used to control the amount of information being displayed. Once the static structure and understanding of occam programs. PAR router(...) mixer(...) worker(...) Susan Stepney. "Understanding Multi

  9. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Surety, Fact Sheet, Modeling and Analysis Energy storage technologies can transform electric systems operation by providing flexibility-improving the efficiency of electric...

  10. Publications | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Template Case Study: Evaluating Liquid versus Air Cooling in the Maui High Performance Computing Center Data Centers Case study Case Study: Opportunities to Improve Energy...

  11. At A Glance Environmental Public Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grantees TM #12;Environmental Public Health Tracking 2 Environmental Public Health Tracking: Linking

  12. Public Understand. Sci. 1251-259. Printed in the UK Chernobyl: the inevitable resultsof secrecy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlyakhter, Ilya

    from the Sakharov Congress on Peace, Progress and Human Rights on 31 May 1991 to describe our human and bad operation, all of which seem endemic in the Soviet system. Below we list the most obvious design the steam fraction in the cooling water. This decreases the water density and the absorption of neutrons

  13. Air quality and Intelligent Transportation Systems : understanding Integrated Innovation, Deployment and Adaptation of Public Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodder, Rebecca Susanne

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the past two decades, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) have provided transportation organizations with increasingly advanced tools both to operate and manage systems in real-time. At the same time, federal ...

  14. What do abortion policies accomplish? : understanding how abortion laws and court cases affect public opinion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernandez, Cory D

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abortion is a loaded, controversial, and divisive sociocultural and political term, concept, and debate. Yet little empirical research has been conducted to examine what effects abortion rights legislation and court cases ...

  15. Hangzhou Public Bicycle: Understanding Early Adoption and Behavioral Response to Bikesharing in Hangzhou, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaheen, Susan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An Empirical Study on Car Sharing in the Netherlands.Delft. 2000. 30. TRB (2005), Car-Sharing: Where and How It

  16. Public goods and private interests: Understanding non-residential demand for green power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H.; Fowlie, Meredith; Holt, Edward A.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Residential Demand for Green Power Buying Green Power: Survey Results Profiling the Respondents The profile

  17. Memorandum of Understanding between US Department of Energy and the Public

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732onMake Your Next Road Trip FuelMarilynMelanie A.on|and

  18. Content Management Implemented as Shared Service: A Public Sector Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Content Management Implemented as Shared Service: A Public Sector Case Study Anton Joha1 and Marijn of content management (CM) shared services. As a new phenomenon, there is little understanding benefits. Keywords: Content Management, Public Sector, Shared Services, Sourcing 1. Introduction There has

  19. ARM - Publications Procedures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP :ProductsVaisala CL51 ceilometergovPublicationsPublications Procedures

  20. Public Affairs Department

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclear Press Releases ArchiveServices »ProjectsPublic AccessPublic

  1. Publications - Cyclotron Institute

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclear Press Releases ArchiveServicesPublicationPublications

  2. Management of Public Communications Publications, and Scientific, Engineering, and Technical Publications

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1979-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This order prescribes policies, standards, and procedures for effective management of Department of Energy (DOE) publications.

  3. NREL Studies Wind Farm Aerodynamics to Improve Siting (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL researchers have used high-tech instruments and high-performance computing to understand atmospheric turbulence and turbine wake behavior in order to improve wind turbine design and siting within wind farms.

  4. Improving CO2 Efficiency for Recovering Oil in Heterogeneous Reservoirs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grigg, Reid B.; Svec, Robert K.

    2003-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The work strived to improve industry understanding of CO2 flooding mechanisms with the ultimate goal of economically recovering more of the U.S. oil reserves. The principle interests are in the related fields of mobility control and injectivity.

  5. Publications Edited Volume

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacIver, Malcolm A.

    of Robots with Passive Environments: Application to Force Feedback Control Ed Colgate and Neville Hogan, J. Edward Colgate Industrial Robot, 26 (5), 1999, pp 335-341 Toward Robot-Assisted VascularPublications Edited Volume Advances in Robotics, Mechatronics, and Haptic Interfaces 1993 Edited

  6. QTR Public Webinar 1

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This is the second public webinar hosted by the Office of the Under Secretary for Science and Energy to describe work in progress on the QTR 2015. The comment process following this webinar, will provide an opportunity for stakeholders and experts to provide input.

  7. Robert Reedy Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    ., Aquifers of West Texas: San Angelo, Texas, Texas Water Development Board, Report 360, p. 269­291. ArticlesRobert Reedy Publications July 8, 2008 Business address: The University of Texas at Austin Bureau of Economic Geology University Station, Box X Austin, Texas 78713-8924 (512) 471-7244 E-mail address: bob

  8. Randal E. Bryant Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, Randal E.

    Randal E. Bryant Publications Books and Book Chapters R. E. Bryant, and D. R. O'Hallaron, Computer at http://csapp.cs.cmu.edu/. R. E. Bryant, and J. H. Kukula, "Formal Methods for Functional Verification Publishers, 2003, pp. 3­16. Available as http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~bryant/pubdir/iccad-best02.pdf. R. E. Bryant

  9. Randal E. Bryant Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treuille, Adrien

    Randal E. Bryant Publications Books and Book Chapters R. E. Bryant, and D. R. O'Hallaron, Computer at http://csapp.cs.cmu.edu/. R. E. Bryant, and J. H. Kukula, ``Formal Methods for Functional Verification Publishers, 2003, pp. 3--16. Available as http://www.cs.cmu.edu/�bryant/pubdir/iccad­best02.pdf. R. E. Bryant

  10. OSCAR P. BRUNO PUBLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . P. Bruno. Submitted to Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh. Available at http://arxiv. org/pdf/1204.3699v1.pdf laws", K. Shahbazi, N. Albin, O. P. Bruno, J. S. Hesthaven, Journal of Computational Physics 230, 8779OSCAR P. BRUNO PUBLICATIONS · "Higher-Order Linear-Time Unconditionally Stable ADI Methods

  11. Publications Peer reviewed articles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reimchen, Thomas E.

    Publications Peer reviewed articles Deagle, B.E., N.J. Gales and M.A. Hindell (2008) Variability polymerase chain reaction. Marine Biotechnology 7:11-20 Patil, J.G., R. M. Gunasekera, B.E. Deagle, N.J. Bax dinoflagellate, Gymnodinium catenatum (Graham) in ballast water and environmental samples. Biological Invasions 7

  12. Bradley J Lucier: Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Undergraduate · Graduate · Applied Math · Actuarial · Courses ... Publications listed in Math Reviews as of September 17, 2013. See also "Other ... In Mathematical methods in computer aided geometric design, II (Biri, 1991), pages 391-400. .... Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, 14(5):570-577, 1995. Ronald A.

  13. Public Health FAT FACTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    : THE UNITED STATES SPENDS MORE ON HEALTH CARE THAN ANY OTHER COUNTRY. YET WE CONTINUE TO FALL FAR BEHIND States spends an astonishing percent of our gross domestic product on health care--significantly moreColumbia Public Health HOT TOPIC Climate Change FAT FACTORS Obesity Prevention BOOK SMART

  14. TRINITY HALL PUBLICATION SCHEME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lasenby, Joan

    TRINITY HALL PUBLICATION SCHEME PART 2 Main categories The main groups of classes of information Trinity Hall was founded in 1350 by William Bateman, Bishop of Norwich, as a common law corporation to the University and College Statutes. The Education (Listed Bodies) Order 1997 recognises Trinity Hall

  15. Understanding the nature of nuclear power plant risk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denning, R. S. [Ohio State Univ., 201 West 19th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210-1142 (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the evolution of understanding of severe accident consequences from the non-mechanistic assumptions of WASH-740 to WASH-1400, NUREG-1150, SOARCA and today in the interpretation of the consequences of the accident at Fukushima. As opposed to the general perception, the radiological human health consequences to members of the Japanese public from the Fukushima accident will be small despite meltdowns at three reactors and loss of containment integrity. In contrast, the radiation-related societal impacts present a substantial additional economic burden on top of the monumental task of economic recovery from the nonnuclear aspects of the earthquake and tsunami damage. The Fukushima accident provides additional evidence that we have mis-characterized the risk of nuclear power plant accidents to ourselves and to the public. The human health risks are extremely small even to people living next door to a nuclear power plant. The principal risk associated with a nuclear power plant accident involves societal impacts: relocation of people, loss of land use, loss of contaminated products, decontamination costs and the need for replacement power. Although two of the three probabilistic safety goals of the NRC address societal risk, the associated quantitative health objectives in reality only address individual human health risk. This paper describes the types of analysis that would address compliance with the societal goals. (authors)

  16. Public key infrastructure for DOE security research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aiken, R.; Foster, I.; Johnston, W.E. [and others

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document summarizes the Department of Energy`s Second Joint Energy Research/Defence Programs Security Research Workshop. The workshop, built on the results of the first Joint Workshop which reviewed security requirements represented in a range of mission-critical ER and DP applications, discussed commonalties and differences in ER/DP requirements and approaches, and identified an integrated common set of security research priorities. One significant conclusion of the first workshop was that progress in a broad spectrum of DOE-relevant security problems and applications could best be addressed through public-key cryptography based systems, and therefore depended upon the existence of a robust, broadly deployed public-key infrastructure. Hence, public-key infrastructure ({open_quotes}PKI{close_quotes}) was adopted as a primary focus for the second workshop. The Second Joint Workshop covered a range of DOE security research and deployment efforts, as well as summaries of the state of the art in various areas relating to public-key technologies. Key findings were that a broad range of DOE applications can benefit from security architectures and technologies built on a robust, flexible, widely deployed public-key infrastructure; that there exists a collection of specific requirements for missing or undeveloped PKI functionality, together with a preliminary assessment of how these requirements can be met; that, while commercial developments can be expected to provide many relevant security technologies, there are important capabilities that commercial developments will not address, due to the unique scale, performance, diversity, distributed nature, and sensitivity of DOE applications; that DOE should encourage and support research activities intended to increase understanding of security technology requirements, and to develop critical components not forthcoming from other sources in a timely manner.

  17. A bridge between worlds: understanding network structure to understand change strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, Alan J.; Finnigan, Kara S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and knowledge networks district administrators had highercentral of?ce administrator networks are more rare and2005). Multiple networks of public school administrators: An

  18. INTERNATIONAL INTERNSHIP AFFILIATION MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Tony R.

    INTERNATIONAL INTERNSHIP AFFILIATION MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING Brigham Young University at __________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________. 1. PURPOSE. In order to facilitate internship opportunities and educational opportunities with respect to student interns from BYU in an internship arrangement with the Experience Provider. 2. GENERAL

  19. Understanding molecular crystal structures at extreme conditions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Funnell, Nicholas Paul

    2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the structure of matter in the solid state could be considered as being one of ‘the big questions’ in chemistry. Whereas the structural behaviour of molecules in the gas phase is relatively well-understood, ...

  20. Understanding Parton Distributions from Lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dru B. Renner

    2005-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    I examine the past lattice QCD calculations of three representative observables, the transverse quark distribution, momentum fraction, and axial charge, and emphasize the prospects for not only quantitative comparison with experiment but also qualitative understanding of QCD.

  1. Understanding technology development processes theory & practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oswald, W. Andrew (William Andrew)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology development is hard for management to understand and hard for practitioners to explain, however it is an essential component of innovation. While there are standard and predictable processes for product development, ...

  2. NEW APPROACHES IN UNDERSTANDING DRUG METABOLISM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Steven N.

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Limitations in technology, such as DNA sequencing and appropriate model systems, have made it difficult to understand the genetic and non-genetic factors that influence the liver's role in metabolizing drugs. New approaches ...

  3. Public Housing The following public housings are also available; however,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    121 Public Housing The following public housings are also available; however, these are not limited Hyogo Prefecture Housing Only for Family Hyogo Prefecture Public Corp. Rental Accommodation Single or Family Kobe City Housing Only for Family URL Housing Informaition http://www.kobe-u.ac.jp/international/student/guidebook/housing

  4. Submit a Public Comment on The Atmosphere to Electrons (A2e) External Merit Review Meeting Summary

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Atmosphere to Electrons (A2e) Initiative within the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy is a multi-year DOE research initiative targeting significant reductions in the cost of wind energy through an improved understanding of the complex physics of the wind resource and interaction with wind farms. DOE is now accepting public comments on the meeting summary for the A2e Initiative. DOE held an A2e External Merit Review in Washington, DC, on February 4-5, 2014. The External Review Panel reviewed the current program planning and provided suggestions on the formulation of A2e strategy, goals and implementation approaches.

  5. Downtown Boston : a public place

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meiklejohn, Robert

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the physical and experiential qualities of public space in downtown Boston. Streets are the dominant element of urban public space; other elements include plazas , squares, promenades, alleys and parks. ...

  6. Environmental Public Health Performance Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental Public Health Performance Standards Environmental Health Program Self Agency: Total Environmental Health Program Budget: #12;Environmental Public Health Performance Standards (v. 2.0); Environmental Health Program Assessment Instrument, 1/7/2010 Page 2 Proportion

  7. as Catalyst in Public Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushman, Frederic

    Crisis as Catalyst in Public Health Immigration Reform and the Threat of Rhetorical Violence look at immigration reform and the impact of public discourse focused on this topic. The panel

  8. Public information plan. Version 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The Public Information Plan is intended to be used in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Public Participation Plan. The Public Participation Pion describes the DOE procedure for involving the public in the decision-making process related to the UMTRA Project during the stages at which public participation is required and solicited. This Public Information Plan describes the department`s procedure for communicating with the public about project policies, plans, and activities. Together, these complementary plans describe the DOE public affairs program for the UMTRA Project. This project was authorized by Congress in the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978, (Public Law (PL) 95-6041), as amended. The Act provides for a cooperative effort with affected states and Indian tribes for the cleanup of designated abandoned or inactive uranium mill tailings sites, which are located in 10 states, 9 of them west of the Mississippi River. The public has a right to know about proposed government actions and to be heard in the planning of activities that influence their lives. The UMTRA Project is unclassified and the DOE provides accurate information about policy and project activities to interested stakeholders, including the news media, in a timely way. The DOE encourages states and local governments, as well as individuals, to join actively in the decision-making process. This is intended to ensure that the resulting decisions are made with full knowledge of the public`s views and that these decisions address the public`s concerns to the extent possible within the law. The DOE, through the implementation of the Public Information Plan, keeps the public informed on matters such as health concerns, environmental issues, remedial action construction plans, project costs, and specific site activities.

  9. Environmental Public Health Performance Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental Public Health Performance Standards (Version 2.0) Updated May 2014 National Center for Environmental Health Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services #12;#12;Environmental Public Health Performance Standards (Version 2.0) Updated May 2014 #12;Environmental Public Health Performance Standards

  10. MANAGEMENT CONTROL SYSTEM IN PUBLIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    essential aspect of the public management device: compliance with legal rules. Gradually, a new objective of the budgetary system. Thus, public organizations need to create new tools to manage their activities or use, despite the number of reforms adopted in the name of New Public Management, numerous authors also noted

  11. open access journal Public Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    open access journal Journal of Public Health in AfricaeISSN 2038-9930 i www the Journal of Public Health in Africa is a peer-reviewed, electronic quarterly, that focuses on health issues in the African continent. The journal editors seek high quality original articles on public health related issues

  12. Control Systems Security Publications Library | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Publications Library Control Systems Security Publications Library Publications Library Repository of documents, listed by topic. (Some of the documents in this section require...

  13. Essays on Municipal Public Finance in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, Rachel Elizabeth

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on Municipal Public Finance in Brazil By Rachel Elizabethon Municipal Public Finance in Brazil by Rachel Elizabethlocal public finance in Brazil, with a focus on how federal

  14. Designating marine protected areas in the United States and Ecuador: understanding the decision-making process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kendrick, Amrit Work

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the public policy literature. Stages of the policy process, complexity of the marine policy setting, mechanisms of agenda- building and decision-making theory provided insight into the delays encountered. Salient aspects lead to the following conclusions...: 1) early proposals failed to reflect a sufficient understanding of the governance system and agenda-building process, 2) issue expansion and alternative specification were pivotal in the progress of the proposal towards the agenda...

  15. Evaluation of energy saving opportunities in a public education facility via performance contracting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hutchins, P.F.

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Public education facilities were one of the earliest targets for energy conservation. Such ideas as turning off lights and other systems and reducing outside air were often recommended. It is surprising that today, almost twenty years after the beginning of many of these energy saving programs, opportunities are still abundant. Some are a product of improved technology, but most are simple control and management of the systems in place. In the continual competition for budget dollars, maintenance of mechanical and electrical systems rarely fares well. The lure, of no initial capital outlay for energy system improvements and positive cash flows from day one, make performance contracting very attractive. The facility studied here is a secondary education public facility in the southeastern United States. It is a single building facility with slightly more than 100,000 square feet in floor space. The school was built in the late 1970`s during the height of the first phase of many energy conservation programs. Energy savings were evaluated using Trane`s TRACE{reg_sign} 600 computer simulation program. These results, together with cost estimates from local vendors, provide the foundation for a contract based on the performance of energy saving systems. An Energy Service Company (ESCO) was used to provide financing and much more. The performance contract was structured to include equipment performance guarantees, maintenance, training, monitoring, savings verification and purchase of aging equipment. Probably the most important aspect of performance contracting is the concept of purchasing services and expertise rather than equipment. It is through knowledge, understanding, monitoring and maintenance that savings can be achieved year after year.

  16. OE's SGIG Program Featured in International Publication

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An article in the March 2012 issue of the quarterly publication Metering International focuses on DOE's Smart Grid Investment Grant program, highlighting how the program is improving the reliability and resiliency of the US electric grid. The article examines the need to protect the grid and the benefits of modernization, including reduced demand, increased capacity, and faster recovery. OE's Debbie Haught, who oversees the SGIG program, and Joseph Palladino, who leads the analysis of the program, authored the piece. Metering International provides information on trends and developments in the industry.

  17. Managing Energy in San Antonio Public Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gates, P.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    al R etr ofi ts: Im pac t Pro jec ts c om ple ted /un der wa y ( 5 y ear s) Total Projects 398 Total Facility Sites Improved 180 Capital Investment $36,127,097 Avoided Cost, $/yr $4,219,509 Rebates Received $5,427,701 Simple Payback, years 8... PC Energy Mgmnt • Software solution • 6,500 devices • $200K annual savings Pool Pump Control • Stop over-circulating • 24 Public Pools • $70K annual savings LED Street Lighting • Replace high wattage fixt. • 25,000 fixtures • $, kWh annually Chillers...

  18. Understanding and Improving Household Energy Consumption and Carbon Emissions Policies - A System Dynamics Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oladokun, M.; Motawa, I.; Banfill, P.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy consumption and CO2 emissions (HECCE) based on the Climate Change Act of 2008 of the UK government. The paper uses the system dynamics as both the methodology and tool to model the policies/interventions regarding HECCE. The model so developed...

  19. Improving the Understanding of Intake and Charge Effects for Increasing RCCI Engine Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Splitter, Derek A [ORNL; Reitz, Rolf [University of Wisconsin; Wissink, martin [University of Wisconsin; DelVescovo, Dan [University of Wisconsin

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present experimental engine efficiency study explores the effects of intake pressure and temperature, and premixed and global equivalence ratios on gross thermal efficiency (GTE) using the reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion strategy. Experiments were conducted in a heavy-duty single-cylinder engine at constant net load (IMEPn) of 8.45 bar, 1300 rev/min engine speed, with 0% EGR, and a 50% mass fraction burned combustion phasing (CA50) of 0.5 CA ATDC. The engine was port fueled with E85 for the low reactivity fuel and direct injected with 3.5% 2-ethylhexyl nitrate (EHN) doped into 91 anti-knock index (AKI) gasoline for the high-reactivity fuel. The resulting reactivity of the enhanced fuel corresponds to an AKI of approximately 56 and a cetane number of approximately 28. The engine was operated with a wide range of intake pressures and temperatures, and the ratio of low- to high-reactivity fuel was adjusted to maintain a fixed speed-phasing-load condition. This allowed for the investigation of several combinations of intake temperature, intake pressure, and charge stratification at otherwise constant thermodynamic conditions. The results show that sources of engine inefficiency compete as functions of premixed and global equivalence ratios. Losses are minimized through proper balancing of intake pressure and temperature, such that the global equivalence ratio ( global) is as lean as possible without overly lean regions of the stratified charge causing an increase in incomplete combustion. The explored speed-load-phasing combination shows that losses are minimized at conditions where approximately 2/3 of the fuel is fully premixed. The results exhibit a pathway for achieving simultaneous increases in combustion and fuel efficiency through proper fuel reactivity and initial condition management.

  20. Performance Engineering: Understanding and Improving thePerformance of Large-Scale Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, David H.; Lucas, Robert; Hovland, Paul; Norris, Boyana; Yelick, Kathy; Gunter, Dan; de Supinski, Bronis; Quinlan, Dan; Worley,Pat; Vetter, Jeff; Roth, Phil; Mellor-Crummey, John; Snavely, Allan; Hollingsworth, Jeff; Reed, Dan; Fowler, Rob; Zhang, Ying; Hall, Mary; Chame, Jacque; Dongarra, Jack; Moore, Shirley

    2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Achieving good performance on high-end computing systems is growing ever more challenging due to enormous scale, increasing architectural complexity, and increasing application complexity. To address these challenges in DOE's SciDAC-2 program, the Performance Engineering Research Institute (PERI) has embarked on an ambitious research plan encompassing performance modeling and prediction, automatic performance optimization and performance engineering of high profile applications. The principal new component is a research activity in automatic tuning software, which is spurred by the strong user preference for automatic tools.

  1. Understanding the Nature and Reactivity of Residual Lignin for Improved Pulping and Bleaching Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yuan-Zong Lai

    2001-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most formidable challenges in kraft pulping to produce bleached chemical pulps is how to effectively remove the last 5-10% of lignin while maintaining the fiber quality. To avoid a severe fiber degradation, kraft pulping is usually terminated in the 25-30 kappa number range and then followed by an elementally chlorine free (ECF) or a totally chlorine free (TCF) bleaching sequence to reduce the environmental impacts.

  2. TOWARD AN IMPROVED UNDERSTANDING OF STRUCTURE AND MAGNETISM IN NEPTUNIUM AND PLUTONIUM PHOSPHONATES AND SULFONATES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albrecht-Schmitt, Thomas

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This grant supported the exploratory synthesis of new actinide materials with all of the actinides from thorium to californium with the exceptions of protactinium and berkelium. We developed detailed structure-property relationships that allowed for the identification of novel materials with selective ion-exchange, selective oxidation, and long-range magnetic ordering. We found novel bonding motifs and identified periodic trends across the actinide series. We identified structural building units that would lead to desired structural features and novel topologies. We also characterized many different spectroscopic trends across the actinide series. The grant support the preparation of approximately 1200 new compounds all of which were structurally characterized.

  3. Understanding Loss Mechanisms and Efficiency Improvement Options for HCCI Engines Using Detailed Exergy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxena, Samveg

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T.J. , 2011, “Defining Engine Efficiency Limits”, 17th DEERof a Wet Ethanol Fuelled HCCI Engine Combined With Organica wet ethanol operated HCCI engine based on first and second

  4. Understanding Loss Mechanisms and Efficiency Improvement Options for HCCI Engines Using Detailed Exergy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxena, Samveg

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exergy Loss from Cylinder Gases Combustion Heat Loss Exhaustheptane and Natural Gas blends Combustion in HCCI Engines,”from Cylinder Gases (%) Loss Mechanisms Combustion Heat Loss

  5. Performance Engineering: Understanding and Improving the Performance of Large-Scale Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An API for Runtime Code Patching,” Journal of Highof the Conference on Code Generation and Optimization,Performance of Large-Scale Codes David H. Bailey 1 , Robert

  6. Improved understanding and control of high-speed jet interaction flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Ravichandra

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    include the use of jets for fuel injection in scramjets, for reaction control of high-speed aerodynamic bodies and as cooling jets for skins of high-speed vehicles. A necessary requirement in the use of transverse jets for these and other applications is a...

  7. Improved Modeling and Understanding of Diffusion-Media Wettability on Polymer-Electrolyte-Fuel-Cell Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weber, Adam

    2010-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A macroscopic-modeling methodology to account for the chemical and structural properties of fuel-cell diffusion media is developed. A previous model is updated to include for the first time the use of experimentally measured capillary pressure -- saturation relationships through the introduction of a Gaussian contact-angle distribution into the property equations. The updated model is used to simulate various limiting-case scenarios of water and gas transport in fuel-cell diffusion media. Analysis of these results demonstrate that interfacial conditions are more important than bulk transport in these layers, where the associated mass-transfer resistance is the result of higher capillary pressures at the boundaries and the steepness of the capillary pressure -- saturation relationship. The model is also used to examine the impact of a microporous layer, showing that it dominates the response of the overall diffusion medium. In addition, its primary mass-transfer-related effect is suggested to be limiting the water-injection sites into the more porous gas-diffusion layer.

  8. Understanding Loss Mechanisms and Efficiency Improvement Options for HCCI Engines Using Detailed Exergy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxena, Samveg

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Energy Balance of Ethanol Fuels,” Applied Energy, doi:bar, ?=0.40, 1800 RPM, Ethanol fuel Figure 7 - Crank-anglebar, ?=0.40, 1800 RPM, Ethanol fuel Figure 8 - BDC pressure

  9. Improved understanding of geologic CO2 storage processes requires risk-driven field experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, C.M.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    characterization including seismic interpretations. These site-selection criteria suggest that an oilfield

  10. Towards Biological Control of Kudzu Through an Improved Understanding of Insect-Kudzu Interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orr, D.; Barber, G.; DeBarr, G.; Thornton, M.

    2001-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors evaluated various approaches to the biological control of kudzu and exotic weed that infests the SRS. A large number of native pollinators were found to be attracted to kudzu. The viability of seed was found to be low, between 2% and 11%. This is the result of native Hemiptera. The results suggest that seed feeding insects should not be targeted for importation. Both kudzu and soybeans had the same level of abundance and diversity of herbivore insects and the same levels of defoliation. No vine or root damaging species were found. Efforts should be targeted to the latter insects to control kudzu.

  11. Understanding and Improving Household Energy Consumption and Carbon Emissions Policies - A System Dynamics Approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oladokun, M.; Motawa, I.; Banfill, P.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy consumption and CO2 emissions (HECCE) based on the Climate Change Act of 2008 of the UK government. The paper uses the system dynamics as both the methodology and tool to model the policies/interventions regarding HECCE. The model so developed...

  12. Understanding Loss Mechanisms and Efficiency Improvement Options for HCCI Engines Using Detailed Exergy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxena, Samveg

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of a Wet Ethanol Fuelled HCCI Engine Combined With Organicof a wet ethanol operated HCCI engine based on first andGas blends Combustion in HCCI Engines,” Energy, 36(12), pp.

  13. Improved Climate Prediction through a System Level Understanding of Arctic Terrestrial Ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hubbard, Susan

    understood and many remain uncertain in terms of their representation in Earth System models. Increasing our System models. By extending an already well-established framework for fractional sub-grid area System Model grid cell (i.e., 30x30 km grid size). This vision includes mechanistic studies in the field

  14. Improving Resolution and Understanding Controls on GPR Response in Carbonate Strata: Implications for Attribute Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franseen, Evan K.; Byrnes, A.P.; Xia, J.; Miller, R.D.

    2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Models shown are: (a) ? =V, X=Ls, Sw=0%; (b) ? =V, X=Ls, Sw=100%; (c) ?=0%, X=V, Sw=0%; (d) ?=V, X=V, Sw=0%; (e) ? =V, X=Ls, Sw=V; (f) ?=V, X=V, Sw=60%V; (g) ? =V, X=V, Sw=40%V; where ? = porosity (%), Sw = water saturation (%), X = mineral composition... to a quarter wavelength ver- tical resolution of 0.5, 0.25, 0.1, and 0.06 m, respectively. Two reflectors closer than 0.06 m are not resolvable. With this limitation in resolution, the six rods on the nondeconvolved GPR section can only be located...

  15. An improved understanding of fluorescent Zn(II) sensors and their uses in biological settings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Brian Alexander

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chapter 1. An Introduction to Fluorescent Zn(II) Sensors and Their Applications in Biological Systems This chapter opens with an overview of the numerous roles of zinc in biology, with an emphasis on labile Zn(II), that ...

  16. Multiphysics simulation to improve the understanding of Pressure Wave Propagation techniques applied to composite polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    principles involved by this technique. Vs(t) Ground HVDC GroundGround Dielectric Cathode Focused LASER Anode Indian ink Pressure wave LIPP method i(t) - Vs(t) Ground HVDC GroundGround Dielectric Cathode Focused LASER Anode Indian ink Pressure wave LIPP method i(t) Vs(t) Ground HVDC GroundGround Dielectric Cathode

  17. Understanding Loss Mechanisms and Efficiency Improvement Options for HCCI Engines Using Detailed Exergy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxena, Samveg

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Application to Internal-Combustion Engines,” Energy, 25(11),in the Internal Combustion Engine,” SAE Technical PaperJ.B. , 1988, Internal Combustion Engines Fundamentals,

  18. IMPROVED UNDERSTANDING OF SUBSURFACE HYDROLOGY IN VARIABLE SOURCE AREAS AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR WATER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    and nutrient transport from a greater distance has to be considered in water management during events with wet and subsurface runoff generation and chemical transport and how these processes can be captured in ungaged basins was instrumented (trenched) in the southern tier of New York, U.S. Water flux from different soil layers

  19. Cooling Towers: Understanding Key Components of Cooling Towers and How to Improve Water Efficiency

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJuly 30, 2013 Sanyo:MarchPracticesPresentation fromSource: Paul

  20. Optical-Engine and Surrogate-Fuels Research for an Improved Understanding

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in ManyDepartment ofOil'sEnergy 9Industrial ApplicationsofDual-Row,of

  1. D I G E S T Public Works

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    achievers in energy, water conservation, by Christine Luciano 28 Yuma Proving Ground improves wastewater____________________________________________________________________ 30 Energy Summit III ­ moving forward with renewable projects, by Paul Volkman 31 Presentations Fire and Emergency Services Award 36 This Issue: Energy and Water IMCOM #12;Public Works Digest

  2. Loreen R. McMahon Deputy Public Adviser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    improves the process and the outcome Public outreach is a concerted effort at the Energy Commission The Desert Dispatch, Barstow The San Bernardino Sun, San Bernardino Los Angeles Times Riverside Bureau Inland Radio, San Bernardino #12;At the Commission Sources > Energy Commission Website www.energy

  3. An Overview of Accountability Mechanisms in Public - Private Partnerships in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fombad, Madeleine

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    C. Duffield, 2006. Improved PFI/PPP service outcomes throughhttp://infrastructure.gov.in/pdf/PPP-PROJECT.pdf (accessedCreamer, T. 2012. Future PPP model must balance public,

  4. Texas 4-H Public Presentation Guide--Method Demonstations and Illustrated Talks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Jeff W.; Bading, Charla

    2000-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Method demonstrations and illustrated talks are effective ways for 4-H members to share their knowledge and improve their presentation skills. Step-by-step instructions in this publication guide the 4-H'er through the process of planning...

  5. New information technologies in public participation : a challenge to old decision-making institutional frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferraz de Abreu, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Given the progress in information technology (IT) in the past 30 years, I hypothesized that new conditions exist for considerable improvements in public participation in decision-making. In order to test my hypothesis, I ...

  6. Economic Improvement Districts (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A legislative body may adopt an ordinance establishing an economic improvement district and an Economic Improvement Board to manage development in a respective district. The Board can choose to...

  7. NREL: Wind Research - Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparency VisitSilver Toyota Prius being driven inThePublications

  8. CBECS - public use data

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469 2,321 2,590 1,550 1,460 1977-2013164 167 20057Public

  9. Responses for Public Release

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-Energy usingof Enhanced Dr.ResponseEnergyfor Public Release

  10. Sandia Energy - Offshore Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol Home Distribution Grid Integration PermalinkClimateNumericalPublications Home

  11. WIPP - Public Reading Facilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening aTurbulenceUtilizeRural Public Reading Facilities/Electronic

  12. Publications | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible forPortsmouth/Paducah47,193.70COMMUNITY AEROSOL INLET8,SynchrotronPublications

  13. Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research Volume 1 | Number 1 Article 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    improvement plans. Since these activities are fundamental aspects of accreditation and health reformFrontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research Volume 1 | Number 1 Article 6 4-17-2012 Patterns of Interaction Among Local Public Health Officials and the Adoption of Recommended Practices

  14. Understanding Manufacturing Systems with a Learning Historian for UserDirected Experimentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    a wide variety of important problems in manufacturing and other complex systems. In addition, simulation1 Understanding Manufacturing Systems with a Learning Historian for User­Directed Experimentation to improve user­directed experimentation with discrete event simulation models of manufacturing systems

  15. Understanding Manufacturing Systems with a Learning Historian for User-Directed Experimentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    a wide variety of important problems in manufacturing and other complex systems. In addition, simulation1 Understanding Manufacturing Systems with a Learning Historian for User-Directed Experimentation to improve user-directed experimentation with discrete event simulation models of manufacturing systems

  16. New DOE-Sponsored Study Helps Advance Scientific Understanding of Potential CO2 Storage Impacts

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In another step forward toward improved scientific understanding of potential geologic carbon dioxide storage impacts, a new U.S. Department of Energy sponsored study has confirmed earlier research showing that proper site selection and monitoring is essential for helping anticipate and mitigate possible risks.

  17. NU-MineBench: Understanding the Performance and Scalability Characteristics of Data Mining Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choudhary, Alok

    NU-MineBench: Understanding the Performance and Scalability Characteristics of Data Mining Clara. CA - 95052 pradeep.dubey@intel.com Abstract Data mining has become one of the most essential and distributed systems have provided abundant venues for improving the performance of data mining algorithms

  18. Improved Student Learning of Microprocessor Systems Through Hands-On and Online Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LaMeres, Brock J.

    Improved Student Learning of Microprocessor Systems Through Hands-On and Online Experience Dr is presented to assess and improve the understanding of microprocessor systems for electrical and computer assessed the level of understanding of microprocessor systems on a control group using five learning

  19. UNDERSTANDING OUR COMPANY AN IBM PROSPECTUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a company or planned venture so that individuals can make informed decisions. Fully understanding the future lay in consolidation, and chose to bulk up. And then some companies just concluded that their core confidence in IBM's future. We have done much in recent years to transform our company. In a number

  20. UNDERSTANDING ENTRAINMENT AT COASTAL POWER PLANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNDERSTANDING ENTRAINMENT AT COASTAL POWER PLANTS: INFORMING A PROGRAM TO STUDY Landing Power Plant (at center). Image from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Digital Visual Library. #12; #12;i Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank many people who assisted with locating

  1. Economic Approaches to Understanding Scientific Norms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strevens, Michael

    Economic Approaches to Understanding Scientific Norms Michael Strevens To appear in Episteme A A theme of much work taking an "economic approach" to the study of sci- ence is the interaction between of formal methods, proponents of the economic approach offer what are in substantive terms profoundly

  2. Understanding Combustion Processes Through Microgravity Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    such as Lewis number effects. Examples from premixed-gas combustion, non-premixed gas-jet flames, droplet. COMPARISON OF TIME SCALES FOR PREMIXED-GAS COMBUSTION To determine the conditions where gravity can affectUnderstanding Combustion Processes Through Microgravity Research Paul D. Ronney Department

  3. Understanding Localized-Scanning Worms Zesheng Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji, Chuanyi

    Understanding Localized-Scanning Worms Zesheng Chen School of Electrical & Computer Engineering Email: jic@ece.gatech.edu Abstract-- Localized scanning is a simple technique used by attackers to search for vulnerable hosts. Localized scanning trades off between the local and the global search

  4. Understanding Quantitative Wave-Particle Duality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tabish Qureshi

    2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The complementary character of wave and particle natures of quantum objects (or quantons) was pointed out by Niels Bohr. This wave-particle duality, in the context of the two-slit experiment, is now quantitatively understood in terms of a duality relation. A very simple and intuitive derivation of the duality relation is presented, which should be understandable to a new student.

  5. SCIENCE & ENGINEERING84 Understanding Paper Codes 85

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waikato, University of

    SCIENCE & ENGINEERING84 PAPERS Understanding Paper Codes 85 100 Level Science Papers 86 Biological Sciences 87 Chemistry 94 Earth Sciences 99 Electronics 106 Engineering 111 Environmental Sciences 115 Material and Processing 116 Physics 124 Psychology 127 Work Placements 133 ­ Science 133 ­ Engineering 134

  6. Understanding the Effects of Groundwater Pumping on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding the Effects of Groundwater Pumping on Streamflow Depletion through USGS Capture Maps (Vertical and Horizontal Distance from Streams) Pumping rates and pumping schedules The timing source of water to the wells in years to decades. 0 10 mi #12;Pumping Can Affect Other Hydrologic

  7. Publications, 1977-1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hilborn, H.S. (comp.)

    1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a compilation of documents that communicate the results of scientific and technical work done at Savannah River. The compilation includes those documents that have been published (research and development reports, journal articles, book chapters, etc.), and documents that have been announced in Energy Research Abstracts. Where applicable, the meeting at which the paper was presented is given. This report updates the information included in DP-929, Rev. 2, Publications, 1951 through 1971 and DP-929-1, Publications, 1972 through 1976, and replaces DP-929-1, Supplements 1 and 2. The bibliographic listing is arranged alphabetically by the first-mentioned author of each document. The listing includes an identifying code number. This identifying code is used to cross reference the author and subject listings with the bibliographic information. The subject listing is arranged alphabetically by key word out of context (KWOC) indexing of the titles. The listing includes the identifying code number and the complete title. The author listing includes in alphabetical order all authors, coauthors, editors, and compilers with identifying code numbers, and the titles of all documents on which their names appear. (RWR)

  8. High field superconductor development and understanding project, Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larbalestier, David C.; Lee, Peter J.

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Over 25 years the Applied Superconductivity Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison provided a vital technical resource to the High Energy Physics community covering development in superconducting strand for HEP accelerator magnet development. In particular the work of the group has been to develop the next generation of high field superconductors for high field application. Grad students Mike Naus, Chad Fischer, Arno Godeke and Matt Jewell improved our understanding of the microstructure and microchemistry of Nb3Sn and their impact on the physical and mechanical properties. The success of this work has led to the continued funding of this work at the ASC after it moved to the NHMFL and also to direct funding from BNL for some aspects of Nb3Sn cable evaluation.

  9. Towards an Understanding of the Correlations in Jet Substructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Adams; A. Arce; L. Asquith; M. Backovic; T. Barillari; P. Berta; D. Bertolini; A. Buckley; J. Butterworth; R. C. Camacho Toro; J. Caudron; Y. -T. Chien; J. Cogan; B. Cooper; D. Curtin; C. Debenedetti; J. Dolen; M. Eklund; S. El Hedri; S. D. Ellis; T. Embry; D. Ferencek; J. Ferrando; S. Fleischmann; M. Freytsis; M. Giulini; Z. Han; D. Hare; P. Harris; A. Hinzmann; R. Hoing; A. Hornig; M. Jankowiak; K. Johns; G. Kasieczka; R. Kogler; W. Lampl; A. J. Larkoski; C. Lee; R. Leone; P. Loch; D. Lopez Mateos; H. K. Lou; M. Low; P. Maksimovic; I. Marchesini; S. Marzani; L. Masetti; R. McCarthy; S. Menke; D. W. Miller; K. Mishra; B. Nachman; P. Nef; F. T. O'Grady; A. Ovcharova; A. Picazio; C. Pollard; B. Potter-Landua; C. Potter; S. Rappoccio; J. Rojo; J. Rutherfoord; G. P. Salam; R. M. Schabinger; A. Schwartzman; M. D. Schwartz; B. Shuve; P. Sinervo; D. Soper; D. E. Sosa Corral; M. Spannowsky; E. Strauss; M. Swiatlowski; J. Thaler; C. Thomas; E. Thompson; N. V. Tran; J. Tseng; E. Usai; L. Valery; J. Veatch; M. Vos; W. Waalewijn; J. Wacker; C. Young

    2015-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past decade, a large number of jet substructure observables have been proposed in the literature, and explored at the LHC experiments. Such observables attempt to utilize the internal structure of jets in order to distinguish those initiated by quarks, gluons, or by boosted heavy objects, such as top quarks and W bosons. This report, originating from and motivated by the BOOST2013 workshop, presents original particle-level studies that aim to improve our understanding of the relationships between jet substructure observables, their complementarity, and their dependence on the underlying jet properties, particularly the jet radius and jet transverse momentum. This is explored in the context of quark/gluon discrimination, boosted W boson tagging and boosted top quark tagging.

  10. Research on improved and enhanced oil recovery in Illinois through reservoir characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oltz, D.F.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project will provide information that can maximize hydrocarbon production minimize formation damage and stimulate new production in Illinois. Such information includes definition of hydrocarbon resources, characterization of hydrocarbon reservoirs, and the implementation of methods that will improve hydrocarbon extractive technology. Increased understanding of reservoir heterogeneities that affect oil recovery can aid in identifying producible resources. The transfer of technology to industry and the general public is a significant component of the program. The project is designed to examine selected subsurface oil reservoirs in Illinois. Scientists use advanced scientific techniques to gain a better understanding of reservoir components and behavior and address ways of potentially increasing the amount of recoverable oil. Initial production rates for wells in the Illinois Basin commonly decline quite rapidly and as much as 60 percent of the oil in place can be unrecoverable using standard operating procedures. Heterogeneities (geological differences in reservoir make-up) affect a reservoir's capability to release fluids. By-passed mobile and immobile oil remain in the reservoir. To learn how to get more of the oil out of reservoirs, the ISGS is studying the nature of reservoir rock heterogeneities and their control on the distribution and production of by-passed, mobile oil.

  11. A sociotechnical framework for understanding infrastructure breakdown and repair

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sims, Benjamin H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper looks at how and why infrastructure is repaired. With a new era of infrastructure spending underway, policymakers need to understand and anticipate the particular technical and political challenges posed by infrastructure repair. In particular, as infrastructure problems are increasingly in the public eye with current economic stimulus efforts, the question has increasingly been asked: why has it been so difficult for the United Statesto devote sustained resources to maintaining and upgrading its national infrastructure? This paper provides a sociotechnical framework for understanding the challenges of infrastructure repair, and demonstrates this framework using a case study of seismic retrofit of freeway bridges in California. The design of infrastructure is quite different from other types of design work even when new infrastructure is being designed. Infrastructure projects are almost always situated within, and must work with, existing infrastructure networks. As a result, compared to design of more discrete technological artifacts, the design of infrastructure systems requires a great deal of attention to interfaces as well as adaptation of design to the constraints imposed by existing systems. Also, because of their scale, infrastructural technologies engage with social life at a level where explicit political agendas may playa central role in the design process. The design and building of infrastructure is therefore often an enormously complex feat of sociotechnical engineering, in which technical and political agendas are negotiated together until an outcome is reached that allows the project to move forward. These sociotechnical settlements often result in a complex balancing of powerful interests around infrastructural artifacts; at the same time, less powerful interests have historically often been excluded or marginalized from such settlements.

  12. Modelling Monsoons: Understanding and Predicting Current and Future Behaviour

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turner, A; Sperber, K R; Slingo, J M; Meehl, G A; Mechoso, C R; Kimoto, M; Giannini, A

    2008-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The global monsoon system is so varied and complex that understanding and predicting its diverse behaviour remains a challenge that will occupy modellers for many years to come. Despite the difficult task ahead, an improved monsoon modelling capability has been realized through the inclusion of more detailed physics of the climate system and higher resolution in our numerical models. Perhaps the most crucial improvement to date has been the development of coupled ocean-atmosphere models. From subseasonal to interdecadal timescales, only through the inclusion of air-sea interaction can the proper phasing and teleconnections of convection be attained with respect to sea surface temperature variations. Even then, the response to slow variations in remote forcings (e.g., El Nino-Southern Oscillation) does not result in a robust solution, as there are a host of competing modes of variability that must be represented, including those that appear to be chaotic. Understanding the links between monsoons and land surface processes is not as mature as that explored regarding air-sea interactions. A land surface forcing signal appears to dominate the onset of wet season rainfall over the North American monsoon region, though the relative role of ocean versus land forcing remains a topic of investigation in all the monsoon systems. Also, improved forecasts have been made during periods in which additional sounding observations are available for data assimilation. Thus, there is untapped predictability that can only be attained through the development of a more comprehensive observing system for all monsoon regions. Additionally, improved parameterizations - for example, of convection, cloud, radiation, and boundary layer schemes as well as land surface processes - are essential to realize the full potential of monsoon predictability. Dynamical considerations require ever increased horizontal resolution (probably to 0.5 degree or higher) in order to resolve many monsoon features including, but not limited to, the Mei-Yu/Baiu sudden onset and withdrawal, low-level jet orientation and variability, and orographic forced rainfall. Under anthropogenic climate change many competing factors complicate making robust projections of monsoon changes. Without aerosol effects, increased land-sea temperature contrast suggests strengthened monsoon circulation due to climate change. However, increased aerosol emissions will reflect more solar radiation back to space, which may temper or even reduce the strength of monsoon circulations compared to the present day. A more comprehensive assessment is needed of the impact of black carbon aerosols, which may modulate that of other anthropogenic greenhouse gases. Precipitation may behave independently from the circulation under warming conditions in which an increased atmospheric moisture loading, based purely on thermodynamic considerations, could result in increased monsoon rainfall under climate change. The challenge to improve model parameterizations and include more complex processes and feedbacks pushes computing resources to their limit, thus requiring continuous upgrades of computational infrastructure to ensure progress in understanding and predicting the current and future behavior of monsoons.

  13. Improved Building Performance Through Effective Communication & Training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bates, R.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IMPROVED BUILDING PERFORMANCE THROUGH EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION & TRAINING Rick Bates Project Manager Environmental Education Foundation Gilbert, AZ ABSTRACT This paper describes the procedures involved in the development of a... for not understanding how buildings should be cared for. Separate course materials and separate training programs had been designed although the same underlying guidance was needed for both groups. The gender and age relationship between these groups...

  14. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection245CCrosstalk NuisanceDish Stirling Reliability Improvement and

  15. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection245CCrosstalk NuisanceDish Stirling Reliability Improvement

  16. Public Sector Electric Efficiency Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity (DCEO) Bureau of Energy and Recycling administers the public sector energy efficiency programs required by the Illinois Energy...

  17. Work Affecting Public Waters (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Earlier sections of chapter 103G describe the process of delineating public waters; this section describes the responsibility of contractors and property owners when construction or other activity...

  18. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Publications

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Results | 9 publications Title Author Date Category Sorting Through the Many Total-Energy-Cycle Pathways Possible with Early Plug-In Hybrids Gaines, L.; Burnham, A.; Rousseau,...

  19. UNDERSTANDING QUALITY OF LIFE IN ASSISTED LIVING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNDERSTANDING QUALITY OF LIFE IN ASSISTED LIVING: INFLUENCE OF THE BUILT AND ORGANIZATIONAL- institutional environment who do not need 24/7 nursing care Focus on quality of life (QoL) 194 registered ALs 6.2 % % Chinese 35.1 51.8 55.6 % South Asian 24.5 26.1 23.5 % Filipino 7.1 5.6 5.7 Total 66.7 83.5 84.9 #12;Our

  20. Understanding Leasing Options for Energy Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davenport, B.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    UNDERSTANDING LEASING OPTIONS FOR ENERGY PROJECTS Baker Davenport Davenport Finance Company Richmond, Virginia Industrials often find it difficult to fund energy projects with internal monies. Energy projects must compete with the company...?s ?core? assets for capital dollars. Leasing can be used to overcome some of these hurdles. Topics of discussion will include several key leasing structures, with benefits and disadvantages noted. Project financing is also discussed as a way...

  1. GRADUATE PROGRAMS IN PUBLIC HEALTH Master of Public Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cinabro, David

    of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences Wayne State University School of Medicine in the Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences (DFMPHS). The following manual is designed information, and required forms that will need to be filled out at different stages of your progress

  2. Feasibility Studies on Disturbance Feedforward Techniques to Improve Wind Turbine Load Mitigation Performance: January 2009 -- January 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laks, J.H.; Dunne, F.; Pao, L. Y.

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates disturbance feedforward and preview control to better understand the best possible improvement in load mitigation using advanced wind measurement techniques.

  3. Current Understanding and Remaining Challenges in Modeling Long...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Understanding and Remaining Challenges in Modeling Long-Term Degradation of Borosilicate Nuclear Waste Glasses. Current Understanding and Remaining Challenges in Modeling...

  4. Project Profile: Understanding the Evolution of Customer Motivations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Soft Costs Project Profile: Understanding the Evolution of Customer Motivations and Adoption Barriers in Residential Photovoltaics Markets Project Profile: Understanding the...

  5. Use of PET in the understanding of Addiction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlyer D. J.; Schlyer, D.J.

    2013-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research is to understand the factors contributing to addiction in the human and to understand the effects of addiction on the brain.

  6. Structure of ?-Alumina: Toward The Atomic Level Understanding...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    -Alumina: Toward The Atomic Level Understanding Of Transition Alumina Phases. Structure of -Alumina: Toward The Atomic Level Understanding Of Transition Alumina Phases....

  7. National Science Foundation/FCTO Memorandum of Understanding...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    National Science FoundationFCTO Memorandum of Understanding Enables Increased Renewable Hydrogen R&D National Science FoundationFCTO Memorandum of Understanding Enables Increased...

  8. Understanding the Electroweak Symmetry Breaking: The Higgs Boson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Understanding the Electroweak Symmetry Breaking: The Higgs Boson and Beyond (Monday, March 2) DATE: Monday, March 2, 4:10 pm LOCATION: Physics 0003 Understanding the Electroweak...

  9. Memorandum of Understanding for Hydropower Two Year Progress...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Memorandum of Understanding for Hydropower Two Year Progress Report Memorandum of Understanding for Hydropower Two Year Progress Report On March 24, 2010, the Department of the...

  10. Understanding Collection-Related Losses in Organic Solar Cells...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Understanding Collection-Related Losses in Organic Solar Cells Home > Research > ANSER Research Highlights > Understanding Collection-Related Losses in Organic Solar Cells...

  11. NETL Gas Migration Study to Advance Understanding of Responsible...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Gas Migration Study to Advance Understanding of Responsible Oil and Natural Gas Development NETL Gas Migration Study to Advance Understanding of Responsible Oil and Natural Gas...

  12. Publications of the Fossil Energy Advanced Research and Technology Development Materials Program, April 1, 1991--March 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlson, P.T. [comp.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Objective of DOE`s Fossil Energy Advanced Research and Technology Development Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for fossil energy applications, with focus on longer-term needs. The Program includes research aimed at a better understanding of materials behavior in fossil energy environments and on the development of new materials capable of substantial improvement in plant operations and reliability. Scope of the program addresses materials requirements for all fossil energy systems, including materials for coal preparation, coal liquefaction, coal gasification, heat engines and heat recovery, combustion systems, and fuel cells. Work on the Program is conducted at national and government laboratories, universities, and industrial research facilities. Research conducted on the Program is divided among the following areas: (1) ceramics, (2) new alloys, (3) corrosion research, and (4) program development and technology transfer. This bibliography covers the period of April 1, 1992, through March 31, 1993, and is a supplement to previous bibliographies in this series. The publications listed are limited to topical reports, open literature publications in refereed journals, full-length papers in published proceedings of conferences, full-length papers in unrefereed journals, and books and book articles.

  13. Publications of the Fossil Energy Advanced Research and Technology Development Materials Program, April 1, 1991--March 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlson, P.T. (comp.)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Objective of DOE's Fossil Energy Advanced Research and Technology Development Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for fossil energy applications, with focus on longer-term needs. The Program includes research aimed at a better understanding of materials behavior in fossil energy environments and on the development of new materials capable of substantial improvement in plant operations and reliability. Scope of the program addresses materials requirements for all fossil energy systems, including materials for coal preparation, coal liquefaction, coal gasification, heat engines and heat recovery, combustion systems, and fuel cells. Work on the Program is conducted at national and government laboratories, universities, and industrial research facilities. Research conducted on the Program is divided among the following areas: (1) ceramics, (2) new alloys, (3) corrosion research, and (4) program development and technology transfer. This bibliography covers the period of April 1, 1992, through March 31, 1993, and is a supplement to previous bibliographies in this series. The publications listed are limited to topical reports, open literature publications in refereed journals, full-length papers in published proceedings of conferences, full-length papers in unrefereed journals, and books and book articles.

  14. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand RequirementsCoatings InitiatedExploring Diagnostic CapabilitiesHazardHowImproving PV

  15. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand RequirementsCoatings InitiatedExploring Diagnostic CapabilitiesHazardHowImproving

  16. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand RequirementsCoatings InitiatedExploring Diagnostic CapabilitiesHazardHowImprovingIsland

  17. Public Participation and Community Relations

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2003-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    To ensure that public participation and community outreach are integral and effective parts of DOE activities and that decisions are made with the benefit of significant public perspectives. Cancels DOE P 1210.1. Canceled by DOE N 251.104,

  18. Understanding Degradation Pathways in Organic Photovoltaics (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lloyd, M. T.; Olson, D. C.; Garcia, A.; Kauvar, I.; Kopidakis, N.; Reese, M. O.; Berry, J. J.; Ginley, D. S.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic Photovoltaics (OPVs) recently attained power conversion efficiencies that are of interest for commercial production. Consequently, one of the most important unsolved issues facing a new industry is understanding what governs lifetime in organic devices and discovering solutions to mitigate degradation mechanisms. Historically, the active organic components are considered vulnerable to photo-oxidation and represent the primary degradation channel. However, we present several (shelf life and light soaking) studies pointing the relative stability of the active layers and instabilities in commonly used electrode materials. We show that engineering of the hole/electron layer at the electrode can lead to environmentally stable devices even without encapsulation.

  19. Environment Health & Safety Research Program. Organization and 1979-1980 Publications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document was prepared to assist readers in understanding the organization of Pacific Northwest Laboratory, and the organization and functions of the Environment, Health and Safety Research Program Office. Telephone numbers of the principal management staff are provided. Also included is a list of 1979 and 1980 publications reporting on work performed in the Environment, Health and Safety Research Program, as well as a list of papers submitted for publication.

  20. CAMPUS IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM 201420

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viglas, Anastasios

    buildings, infrastructure and accessible public domain areas to support the University's vision-Darlington campus to 2020 through land uses and building envelopes. The CIP is not a proposal for the detailed design and construction of new buildings. See point 9. 2. What are the objectives of the CIP? The CIP

  1. Novel Spark Plugs Improve Energy Efficiency of Compressed Natural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novel Spark Plugs Improve Energy Efficiency of Compressed Natural Gas Engines Energy Innovations use affects climate change. Vehicles operating on compressed natural gas reduce petroleum fuel use, the vast majority of compressed natural gas (CNG) engines are used in transit buses serving the public

  2. Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    improvements through its “Six Sigma” program. 9 From 2001 toWarranty Provisions Six Sigma is a quality improvement tool

  3. Understanding the Irradiation Behavior of Zirconium Carbide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Motta, Arthur; Sridharan, Kumar; Morgan, Dane; Szlufarska, Izabela

    2013-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Zirconium carbide (ZrC) is being considered for utilization in high-temperature gas-cooled reactor fuels in deep-burn TRISO fuel. Zirconium carbide possesses a cubic B1-type crystal structure with a high melting point, exceptional hardness, and good thermal and electrical conductivities. The use of ZrC as part of the TRISO fuel requires a thorough understanding of its irradiation response. However, the radiation effects on ZrC are still poorly understood. The majority of the existing research is focused on the radiation damage phenomena at higher temperatures (>450{degree}C) where many fundamental aspects of defect production and kinetics cannot be easily distinguished. Little is known about basic defect formation, clustering, and evolution of ZrC under irradiation, although some atomistic simulation and phenomenological studies have been performed. Such detailed information is needed to construct a model describing the microstructural evolution in fast-neutron irradiated materials that will be of great technological importance for the development of ZrC- based fuel. The goal of the proposed project is to gain fundamental understanding of the radiation-induced defect formation in zirconium carbide and irradiation response (ZrC) by using a combination of state-of-the-art experimental methods and atomistic modeling. This project will combine (1) in situ ion irradiation at a specialized facility at a national laboratory, (2) controlled temperature proton irradiation on bulk samples, and (3) atomistic modeling to gain a fundamental understanding of defect formation in ZrC. The proposed project will cover the irradiation temperatures from cryogenic temperature to as high as 800{degree}C, and dose ranges from 0.1 to 100 dpa. The examination of this wide range of temperatures and doses allows us to obtain an experimental data set that can be effectively used to exercise and benchmark the computer calculations of defect properties. Combining the examination of radiation-induced microstructures mapped spatially and temporally, microstructural evolution during post-irradiation annealing, and atomistic modeling of defect formation and transport energetics will provide new, critical understanding about property changes in ZrC. The behavior of materials under irradiation is determined by the balance between damage production, defect clustering, and lattice response. In order to predict those effects at high temperatures so targeted testing can be expanded and extrapolated beyond the known database, it is necessary to determine the defect energetics and mobilities as these control damage accumulation and annealing. In particular, low-temperature irradiations are invaluable for determining the regions of defect mobility. Computer simulation techniques are particularly useful for identifying basic defect properties, especially if closely coupled with a well-constructed and complete experimental database. The close coupling of calculation and experiment in this project will provide mutual benchmarking and allow us to glean a deeper understanding of the irradiation response of ZrC, which can then be applied to the prediction of its behavior in reactor conditions.

  4. Many Californians with Asthma Have Problems Understanding Their Doctor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babey, Susan H.; Meng, Ying-Ying; Jones, Malia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Management Plan Problems Understanding Doctor No Problems Source: 2005 California Health Interview Survey

  5. Public Health Air Surveillance Evaluation Project Public Health Air Surveillance Evaluation (PHASE) Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Public Health Air Surveillance Evaluation Project Public Health Air Surveillance Evaluation (PHASE) Project Evaluating, Developing, and Delivering Air Quality Characterization Data to Environmental Public Public Health Tracking (EPHT) Network. The EPA is developing routinely available air quality information

  6. SchoolofPublicHealth School of Public Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    : School of Public Health (MC 923) 1603 West Taylor Street Chicago, IL 60612-4394 Campus Location: 1149 Health (MC 923) 1603 West Taylor Street Chicago, IL 60612-4394 Campus Location: 778A SPHPI Program Code

  7. Argonne National Laboratory 1985 publications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kopta, J.A. (ED.); Hale, M.R. (comp.)

    1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is a bibliography of scientific and technical 1985 publications of Argonne National Laboratory. Some are ANL contributions to outside organizations' reports published in 1985. This compilation, prepared by the Technical Information Services Technical Publications Section (TPB), lists all nonrestricted 1985 publications submitted to TPS by Laboratory's Divisions. The report is divided into seven parts: Journal Articles - Listed by first author, ANL Reports - Listed by report number, ANL and non-ANL Unnumbered Reports - Listed by report number, Non-ANL Numbered Reports - Listed by report number, Books and Book Chapters - Listed by first author, Conference Papers - Listed by first author, Complete Author Index.

  8. Peter W. Colby Professor of Public Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    : A Workbook for Public Managers, State University of New York Press, Albany, New York, 1990. Co Personnel Administration, and State and Local Government Review. Selected Courses Taught Public Management, Administrative Theory, Fiscal Management, Public Budgeting, Reengineering, Non- Profit Management ... Outstanding

  9. Democratic Institutions and Provision of Public Good

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, Sarani

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2003. [3] R. T. Deacon and S. Saha. Public Good Provision byof a Public Good Sarani Saha PhD Candidate Donald Brenof a Public Good Sarani Saha PhD Candidate Donald Bren

  10. A Sociospatial Approach to Understanding Terrorist Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Medina, Richard M [ORNL; Hepner, George F. [University of Utah

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Terrorist networks operate in hybrid space where activities in social and geographic spaces are necessary for logistics and security. The Islamist terrorist network is analyzed as a sociospatial system using social network analysis, Geographic Information Science (GISc), and novel techniques designed for hybrid space analyses. This research focuses on identifying distance and sociospatial dependencies within the terrorist network. A methodology for analyzing sociospatial systems is developed and results lead to a greater understanding of terrorist network structures and activities. Distance and sociospatial dependencies are shown to exist for the Islamist terrorist network structure. These findings are discordant with recent literature that focuses on terrorist network tendencies toward decentralization in the information age. In this research, the Islamist terrorist network is theorized to use multiple structures of hierarchical and decentralized organization for effectiveness, efficiency, and resilience. Implications for counterterrorism policy and strategies are given.

  11. Scientific Challenges for Understanding the Quantum Universe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khaleel, Mohammad A.

    2009-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A workshop titled "Scientific Challenges for Understanding the Quantum Universe" was held December 9-11, 2008, at the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center-National Accelerator Laboratory. The primary purpose of the meeting was to examine how computing at the extreme scale can contribute to meeting forefront scientific challenges in particle physics, particle astrophysics and cosmology. The workshop was organized around five research areas with associated panels. Three of these, "High Energy Theoretical Physics," "Accelerator Simulation," and "Experimental Particle Physics," addressed research of the Office of High Energy Physics’ Energy and Intensity Frontiers, while the"Cosmology and Astrophysics Simulation" and "Astrophysics Data Handling, Archiving, and Mining" panels were associated with the Cosmic Frontier.

  12. Understanding extraction and beam transport in the ISIS H{sup -} Penning surface plasma ion source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faircloth, D. C.; Letchford, A. P.; Gabor, C.; Whitehead, M. O.; Wood, T.; Jolly, S.; Pozimski, J.; Savage, P.; Woods, M. [STFC/RAL, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

    2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The ISIS H{sup -} Penning surface plasma source has been developed to produce beam currents up to 70 mA and pulse lengths up to 1.5 ms at 50 Hz. This paper details the investigation into beam extraction and beam transport in an attempt to understand the beam emittance and to try to improve the emittance. A scintillator profile measurement technique has been developed to assess the performance of different plasma electrode apertures, extraction electrode geometries, and postextraction acceleration configurations. This work shows that the present extraction, beam transport, and postacceleration system are suboptimal and further work is required to improve it.

  13. Internet public information for fuel cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sudhoff, F.A. [Dept. of Energy, Morgantown, WV (United States)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The rapid development and integration of the Internet into the mainstream of professional life provide the fuel cell industry with the opportunity to share new ideas with unprecedented capabilities. The U.S. Department of Energy`s Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) has undertaken the task to provide a service where current fuel cell descriptions and information are available to customers, manufactures, academia, and the general public. METC has developed a Fuel Cell Forum where members can exchange ideas and information pertaining to fuel cell technologies using the Internet. Forum membership is encouraged from utilities, industry, universities, and Government. Because of the public nature of the Internet, business sensitive, confidential, or proprietary information should not be placed on this system. The views and opinions of authors expressed in the forum do not necessarily state or reflect those of the U.S. Government or METC. METC, has endeavored to develop a World Wide Web (WWW) location committed to the description and development of the fuel cell. Netscape or compatible software provides access to the METC Homepage. The user then selects Advanced Power Systems, then Fuel Cells. Fuel cell overview and description is followed by a presentation of the fuel cell system characteristics and advantages. Descriptions of major fuel cell projects are provided in the FACTS section. Finally, as a service to METC customers, the homepage provides a calendar and points of contact. Updates to the WWW location are occasionally made revealing current technical advances in fuel cells. In the continuing effort to further improve public knowledge and perception of fuel cell power generation, METC has created two new modes of communication using the Internet.

  14. Improving Fired Heater Efficiency 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shriver, J. E.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1982. 2, Fehervari, Willi, "Gas Measurement and Control for Pipeline Systems," The Foxboro Company. 3. Shriver, James, "CO/02 Boiler Control: Point Is Vi tal," POWER, October 1982. Set 1\\. Dukelow, Samuel, "Improving Boiler Efficiency...

  15. Recent Improvements in DDT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, D.J.

    1963-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper will report new developments and recent improvements to DDT. "Window DDT" now will remember undefined symbols and define them on a later command. Using sequence breaks, it can change the contents of memory while ...

  16. Abuse Tolerance Improvements

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    additive shows some improvement in flammability compared to the control electrolyte (EC:EMC (2:8)). Metal Phosphate-Coated Cathodes (PSI): Delivered 2 kg of LiMPO4-coated...

  17. Improved Dragline Utilization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, K. J.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cause of energy conservation can be served by increasing the efficiency of large draglines used in surface coal mining. The topic is the application of a training simulator, computer instrumentation and computer simulation to improve dragline...

  18. Managing Energy Efficiency Improvement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almaguer, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    results has been the utilization of Six Sigma methodology to identify and seize opportunities to improve our performance and to better meet customer needs. Since its implementation in 1999, Six Sigma has proven to be a breakthrough process that can... take Dow to the next level of performance for all our key stakeholders. The Six Sigma methodology has been especially successful in improving energy efficiency and reducing energy costs and is the primary methodology used by technology center...

  19. Using science centers to expose the general public to the microworld

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malamud, E. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)]|[Science and Technology Interactive Center, Aurora, IL (United States)

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the remarkable progress in the past decades in understanding our Universe, we particle physicists have failed to communicate the wonder, excitement, and beauty of these discoveries to the general public. I am sure all agree there is a need, if our support from public funds is to continue at anywhere approximating the present level, for us collectively to educate and inform the general public of what we are doing and why. Informal science education and especially science and technology centers can play an important role in efforts to raise public awareness of particle physics in particular and of basic research in general. Science Centers are a natural avenue for particle physicists to use to communicate with and gain support from the general public.

  20. Templeman Library Official publication loan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Templeman Library Official publication loan Use this form to borrow items from the British ............................................................................ * Initials ............................................................................ * Library card number ............................................................................ Fields marked * are required The item will be issued to your Library account as an Ordinary Loan item

  1. Ethical implications of democratic theory for U.S. public participation in environmental impact assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hourdequin, Marion, E-mail: Marion.Hourdequin@ColoradoCollege.edu [Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute, Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 790 East Beckwith, Missoula, MT 59801 (United States); Department of Philosophy, Colorado College, 14 E. Cache La Poudre St., Colorado Springs, CO 80903 (United States); Landres, Peter [Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute, Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 790 East Beckwith, Missoula, MT 59801 (United States); Hanson, Mark J. [Department of Philosophy, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812 (United States); Craig, David R. [Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute, Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 790 East Beckwith, Missoula, MT 59801 (United States)

    2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional mechanisms for public participation in environmental impact assessment under U.S. federal law have been criticized as ineffective and unable to resolve conflict. As these mechanisms are modified and new approaches developed, we argue that participation should be designed and evaluated not only on practical grounds of cost-effectiveness and efficiency, but also on ethical grounds based on democratic ideals. In this paper, we review and synthesize modern democratic theory to develop and justify four ethical principles for public participation: equal opportunity to participate, equal access to information, genuine deliberation, and shared commitment. We then explore several tensions that are inherent in applying these ethical principles to public participation in EIA. We next examine traditional NEPA processes and newer collaborative approaches in light of these principles. Finally, we explore the circumstances that argue for more in-depth participatory processes. While improved EIA participatory processes do not guarantee improved outcomes in environmental management, processes informed by these four ethical principles derived from democratic theory may lead to increased public engagement and satisfaction with government agency decisions. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Four ethical principles based on democratic theory for public participation in EIA. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NEPA and collaboration offer different strengths in meeting these principles. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We explore tensions inherent in applying these principles. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Improved participatory processes may improve public acceptance of agency decisions.

  2. Sandia National Laboratories: Batteries & Energy Storage Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    StorageBatteries & Energy Storage Publications Batteries & Energy Storage Publications Batteries & Energy Storage Fact Sheets Achieving Higher Energy Density in Flow Batteries at...

  3. Essays in Human Development and Public Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nandi, Arindam

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abortion in India: Debates and Public Policy . . . . . .relative impact of public policy in India. The essays followevaluation of demographic policies in India ranging from the

  4. Sandia National Laboratories: Nuclear Energy Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Publications Nuclear Energy Publications Nuclear Energy Safety Fact Sheets Assuring Safe Transportation of Nuclear and Hazardous Materials Human Reliability Assessment (HRA)...

  5. Drainage, Sanitation, and Public Facilities Districts (Virginia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation provides for the establishment of sanitary, sanitation, drainage, and public facilities districts in Virginia. Designated districts are public bodies, and have the authority to...

  6. Documents and Publications | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Documents and Publications Documents and Publications Real Estate Documents Acquisition Guide for Federal Agencies Certified Reality Specialist Biography DOJ Title Standards for...

  7. Mississippi Public Service Commission Adopts Energy Efficiency...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Mississippi Public Service Commission Adopts Energy Efficiency Rules Mississippi Public Service Commission Adopts Energy Efficiency Rules November 8, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis...

  8. An evaluation framework for effective public participation in EIA in Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nadeem, Obaidullah, E-mail: obaidnadeem@yahoo.co [Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (Pakistan); Fischer, Thomas B., E-mail: fischer@liverpool.ac.u [Department of Civic Design, the University of Liverpool, Liverpool (United Kingdom)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Evaluating the effectiveness of public participation in EIA related decisions is of crucial importance for developing a better understanding of overall EIA effectiveness. This paper aims to contribute to the professional debate by establishing a country specific evaluation framework for Pakistan, which, it is suggested, could also potentially be used in other developing countries. The framework is used to evaluate performance of public participation in EIA in terms of 40 attributes for four selected projects from the province of Punjab. The evaluation is based on interviews with stakeholders, review of EIA reports as well as public hearing proceedings and environmental approval conditions. The evaluation of the selected projects revealed an overall weak influence of public participation on substantive quality of EIA and on the final decision. Overall, EIA public participation has succeeded in providing a more egalitarian environment. Furthermore, it appears fair to say that sufficient time for submitting written comments on EIA reports as well as for raising concerns during public hearings had been given. Also, public consultation was significantly contributing to educating participants. Despite some impediments, it is argued that public participation in EIA is gradually gaining ground in Pakistan. Recommendations to enhance EIA public participation effectiveness in Pakistan include applying a more proactive approach which should take place before EIA is conducted and before site selection for development projects is happening.

  9. Guidelines to improve airport preparedness against chemical and biological terrorism.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, Donna M.; Price, Phillip N. (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA); Gordon, Susanna P.; Gadgil, Ashok (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA)

    2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guidelines to Improve Airport Preparedness Against Chemical and Biological Terrorism is a 100-page document that makes concrete recommendations on improving security and assessing vulnerable areas and helps its readers understand the nature of chemical and biological attacks. The report has been turned over to Airports Council International (ACI) and the American Association of Airport Executives (AAAE), two organizations that together represent the interests of thousands of airport personnel and facilities in the U.S. and around the world.

  10. US public perspectives on security :

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herron, Kerry Gale; Jenkins-Smith, Hank C.; Silva, Carol L.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report findings from a national Internet survey and a subset of questions administered by telephone in mid-2011 on public assessments of contemporary and emerging interstate nuclear threats, support for strategic arms control, and preferences for responding to limited nuclear attacks on the United States. Additionally, we analyze public views of the threat of terrorism, including cyber attacks, assessments of progress in the struggle against terrorism, and preferences for responding to an act of radiological terrorism against the United States. Also, we report findings from an Internet survey and a subset of questions administered by telephone among the American public in mid-2011 on US energy and environmental security. Key areas of investigation include public views on energy requirements, preferences for energy sources, energy conservation versus development, energy independence, implications of events at Fukushima, Japan, for US public support of nuclear generation, preferences for managing used nuclear fuel, and trust in nuclear risk assessments from government and other public sources. Where possible, findings from each survey are compared with previous surveys in this series for analyses of trends.

  11. Uranium hexafluoride public risk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, D.R.; Hui, T.E.; Yurconic, M.; Johnson, J.R.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The limiting value for uranium toxicity in a human being should be based on the concentration of uranium (U) in the kidneys. The threshold for nephrotoxicity appears to lie very near 3 {mu}g U per gram kidney tissue. There does not appear to be strong scientific support for any other improved estimate, either higher or lower than this, of the threshold for uranium nephrotoxicity in a human being. The value 3 {mu}g U per gram kidney is the concentration that results from a single intake of about 30 mg soluble uranium by inhalation (assuming the metabolism of a standard person). The concentration of uranium continues to increase in the kidneys after long-term, continuous (or chronic) exposure. After chronic intakes of soluble uranium by workers at the rate of 10 mg U per week, the concentration of uranium in the kidneys approaches and may even exceed the nephrotoxic limit of 3 {mu}g U per gram kidney tissue. Precise values of the kidney concentration depend on the biokinetic model and model parameters assumed for such a calculation. Since it is possible for the concentration of uranium in the kidneys to exceed 3 {mu}g per gram tissue at an intake rate of 10 mg U per week over long periods of time, we believe that the kidneys are protected from injury when intakes of soluble uranium at the rate of 10 mg U per week do not continue for more than two consecutive weeks. For long-term, continuous occupational exposure to low-level, soluble uranium, we recommend a reduced weekly intake limit of 5 mg uranium to prevent nephrotoxicity in workers. Our analysis shows that the nephrotoxic limit of 3 {mu}g U per gram kidney tissues is not exceeded after long-term, continuous uranium intake at the intake rate of 5 mg soluble uranium per week.

  12. Few areas of science are currently hotter than climate. Attempts to understand humankind's impact on our planet are occupying the front pages of countless newspapers and the minds of an increasingly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    informed public. Climate change is likewise occupying a good percentage of processors on some of the worldFew areas of science are currently hotter than climate. Attempts to understand humankind's impact of Earth's climate and in turn helping policymakers understand the risks and prepare for a myriad of future

  13. Understanding the performance of x-ray mirrors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takacs, P.Z.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The manufacture of x-ray mirrors is a rather specialized branch of the optical fabrication industry. As those who have had to deal with the procurement of these components well know, there are only a handful of optical companies who supply most of the grazing incidence optics in use at the synchrotron light source facilities in this country. There is relatively little information available of practical use to guide the user through any of the above steps. We have been ''forced'' to develop our own foundation for assessing the performance of various vendors and determining the quality of the components produced by them. Our approach has been to concentrate on the area of metrology of grazing incidence optics and to develop instruments and techniques that can be used to improve the quality of components delivered to us. The major problem hindering the production of grazing incidence optics is the lack of specialized metrology instrumentation that can be used by the small manufacturing shop to assess the quality of the component under production. We have been engaged over the past several years in developing the theoretical framework and practical measurement techniques to link the metrology to actual performance, providing much-needed feedback to the manufacture and also educating users and manufacturers in the proper understanding of the language of surface figure and finish metrology.

  14. Biospecimen Reporting for Improved Study Quality (BRISQ)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    National Cancer Institute; Jewell, Ph.D., Scott D.; Seijo, M.S., Edward; Kelly, Ph.D., Andrea; Somiari, Ph.D., Stella; B.Chir., M.B.; McShane, Ph.D., Lisa M.; Clark, M.D., Douglas; Greenspan, M.D., Renata; Hayes, M.D., Daniel F.; Hainaut, Ph.D., M.S., Pierre; Kim, Paula; Mansfield, Ph.D., Elizabeth; Potapova, Ph.D., Olga; Riegman, Ph.D., Peter; Rubinstein, Ph.D., Yaffa; Weier, Ph.D., Heinz-Ulrich; Zhu, Ph.D., Claire; Moore, Ph.D., Helen M.; Vaught, Ph.D., Jim; Watson, Peter

    2010-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Human biospecimens are subjected to collection, processing, and storage that can significantly alter their molecular composition and consistency. These biospecimen preanalytical factors, in turn, influence experimental outcomes and the ability to reproduce scientific results. Currently, the extent and type of information specific to the biospecimen preanalytical conditions reported in scientific publications and regulatory submissions varies widely. To improve the quality of research that uses human tissues, it is crucial that information on the handling of biospecimens be reported in a thorough, accurate, and standardized manner. The Biospecimen Reporting for Improved Study Quality (BRISQ) recommendations outlined herein are intended to apply to any study in which human biospecimens are used. The purpose of reporting these details is to supply others, from researchers to regulators, with more consistent and standardized information to better evaluate, interpret, compare, and reproduce the experimental results. The BRISQ guidelines are proposed as an important and timely resource tool to strengthen communication and publications on biospecimen-related research and to help reassure patient contributors and the advocacy community that their contributions are valued and respected.

  15. Biospecimen Reporting for Improved Study Quality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moore, Ph.D., Helen M.; Kelly, Ph.D., Andrea B.; Jewell, Ph.D., Scott D.; McShane, Ph.D., Lisa M.; Clark, M.D., Douglas P.; Greenspan, M.D., Renata; Hayes, M.D., Daniel F.; Hainaut, Ph.D., Pierre; Kim, Paula; Mansfield, Ph.D., Elizabeth A.; Potapova, Ph.D., Olga; Riegman, Ph.D., Peter; Rubinstein, Ph.D., Yaffa; Seijo, M.S., Edward; Somiari, Ph.D., Stella; Chir., B; Weier, Ph.D., Heinz-Ulrich; Zhu, Ph.D., Claire; Vaught, Ph.D., Jim; Watson,M.B., Peter

    2010-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Human biospecimens are subjected to collection, processing, and storage that can significantly alter their molecular composition and consistency. These biospecimen preanalytical factors, in turn, influence experimental outcomes and the ability to reproduce scientific results. Currently, the extent and type of information specific to the biospecimen preanalytical conditions reported in scientific publications and regulatory submissions varies widely. To improve the quality of research that uses human tissues, it is crucial that information on the handling of biospecimens be reported in a thorough, accurate, and standardized manner. The Biospecimen Reporting for Improved Study Quality (BRISQ) recommendations outlined herein are intended to apply to any study in which human biospecimens are used. The purpose of reporting these details is to supply others, from researchers to regulators, with more consistent and standardized information to better evaluate, interpret, compare, and reproduce the experimental results. The BRISQ guidelines are proposed as an important and timely resource tool to strengthen communication and publications on biospecimen-related research and to help reassure patient contributors and the advocacy community that their contributions are valued and respected.

  16. Biospecimen Reporting for Improved Study Quality (BRISQ)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moore, Ph.D., Helen M.; Kelly Ph.D., Andrea; Jewell Ph.D., Scott D.; McShane Ph.D., Lisa M.; Clark M.D., Douglas P.; Greenspan M.D., Renata; Hayes M.D., Daniel F.; Hainaut Ph.D.,, Pierre; Kim, Paula; Mansfield Ph.D., Elizabeth; Potapova Ph.D., Olga; Riegman Ph.D., Peter; Rubinstein Ph.D., Yaffa; Seijo M.S., Edward; Somiari Ph.D., Stella; Watson M.B., Peter; Weier Ph.D., Heinz-Ulrich; Zhu Ph.D., Claire; Vaught Ph.D., Jim

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Human biospecimens are subject to a number of different collection, processing, and storage factors that can significantly alter their molecular composition and consistency. These biospecimen preanalytical factors, in turn, influence experimental outcomes and the ability to reproduce scientific results. Currently, the extent and type of information specific to the biospecimen preanalytical conditions reported in scientific publications and regulatory submissions varies widely. To improve the quality of research utilizing human tissues it is critical that information regarding the handling of biospecimens be reported in a thorough, accurate, and standardized manner. The Biospecimen Reporting for Improved Study Quality (BRISQ) recommendations outlined herein are intended to apply to any study in which human biospecimens are used. The purpose of reporting these details is to supply others, from researchers to regulators, with more consistent and standardized information to better evaluate, interpret, compare, and reproduce the experimental results. The BRISQ guidelines are proposed as an important and timely resource tool to strengthen communication and publications around biospecimen-related research and help reassure patient contributors and the advocacy community that the contributions are valued and respected.

  17. Understanding the movements of metal whiskers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor G. Karpov

    2015-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Metal whiskers often grow across leads of electric equipment and electronic package causing current leakage or short circuits and raising significant reliability issues. The nature of metal whiskers remains a mystery after several decades of research. In addition, metal whiskers exhibit a rather unusual dynamic property of relatively high amplitude movements under gentle air flow or, according to some testimonies, without obvious stimuli. Understanding the physics behind that motion would give additional insights into the nature of metal whiskers. Here, we quantitatively analyze several possible mechanisms potentially responsible for the observed movements: (1) minute air currents, (2) Brownian motion due to random bombardments with the air molecules, (3) mechanically caused movements, such as (a) externally transmitted vibrations of the sample, and (b) torque exerted due to material propagation along curved whiskers responsible for the whisker growth (similar to the known garden hose oscillations), (4) time dependent electric fields due to diffusion of ions across the metal surface, and (5) nonequilibrium electric field configurations making it possible for {\\it some} whiskers to move. For all these scenarios we provide numerical estimates. Our conclusion is that the observed movements are likely due to the minor air currents, intentional or ill-controlled, and that external mechanical vibrations could force such movements in a rather harsh environment or/and for whiskers with severe constrictions. We argue that under non-steady state conditions, such as caused by changes in the external light intensity, some whiskers can exercise spontaneous oscillations.

  18. Understanding the movements of metal whiskers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor G. Karpov

    2015-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Metal whiskers often grow across leads of electric equipment and electronic package causing current leakage or short circuits and raising significant reliability issues. The nature of metal whiskers remains a mystery after several decades of research. In addition, metal whiskers exhibit a rather unusual dynamic property of relatively high amplitude movements under gentle air flow or, according to some testimonies, without obvious stimuli. Understanding the physics behind that motion would give additional insights into the nature of metal whiskers. Here, we quantitatively analyze several possible mechanisms potentially responsible for the observed movements: (1) minute air currents, (2) Brownian motion due to random bombardments with the air molecules, (3) mechanically caused movements, such as (a) externally transmitted vibrations of the sample, and (b) torque exerted due to material propagation along curved whiskers responsible for the whisker growth (similar to the known garden hose oscillations), (4) time dependent electric fields due to diffusion of ions across the metal surface, and (5) nonequilibrium electric field configurations making it possible for {\\it some} whiskers to move. For all these scenarios we provide numerical estimates. Our conclusion is that the observed movements are likely due to the minor air currents, intentional or ill-controlled, and that external mechanical vibrations could force such movements in a rather harsh environment or/and for whiskers with severe constrictions. We argue that under non-steady state conditions, such as caused by changes in the external light intensity, some whiskers can exercise spontaneous oscillations.

  19. Understanding the movements of metal whiskers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor G. Karpov

    2015-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Metal whiskers often grow across leads of electric equipment and electronic package causing current leakage or short circuits and raising significant reliability issues. The nature of metal whiskers remains a mystery after several decades of research. In addition, metal whiskers exhibit a rather unusual dynamic property of relatively high amplitude movements under gentle air flow or, according to some testimonies, without obvious stimuli. Understanding the physics behind that motion would give additional insights into the nature of metal whiskers. Here, we quantitatively analyze several possible mechanisms potentially responsible for the observed movements: (1) minute air currents, (2) Brownian motion due to random bombardments with the air molecules, (3) mechanically caused movements, such as (a) externally transmitted vibrations of the sample, and (b) torque exerted due to material propagation along curved whiskers responsible for the whisker growth (similar to the known garden hose oscillations), (4) time dependent electric fields due to diffusion of ions across the metal surface, and (5) nonequilibrium electric field configurations making it possible for {\\it some} whiskers to move. For all these scenarios we provide numerical estimates. Our conclusion is that the observed movements are likely due to the minor air currents, intentional or ill-controlled, and that external mechanical vibrations could force such movements in a rather harsh environment or/and for whiskers with severe constrictions. We argue that under non-steady state conditions, such as caused by changes in the external light intensity, some whiskers can exercise spontaneous oscillations.

  20. DNA nanotechnology: understanding and optimisation through simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas E. Ouldridge

    2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    DNA nanotechnology promises to provide controllable self-assembly on the nanoscale, allowing for the design of static structures, dynamic machines and computational architectures. In this article I review the state-of-the art of DNA nanotechnology, highlighting the need for a more detailed understanding of the key processes, both in terms of theoretical modelling and experimental characterisation. I then consider coarse-grained models of DNA, mesoscale descriptions that have the potential to provide great insight into the operation of DNA nanotechnology if they are well designed. In particular, I discuss a number of nanotechnological systems that have been studied with oxDNA, a recently developed coarse-grained model, highlighting the subtle interplay of kinetic, thermodynamic and mechanical factors that can determine behaviour. Finally, new results highlighting the importance of mechanical tension in the operation of a two-footed walker are presented, demonstrating that recovery from an unintended `overstepped' configuration can be accelerated by three to four orders of magnitude by application of a moderate tension to the walker's track. More generally, the walker illustrates the possibility of biasing strand-displacement processes to affect the overall rate.

  1. Understanding the Needs of Arkansas School Districts Relative to Building Use and Control Utility Tracking Personnel and Facility Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keazer, J. A.; Nutter, D. W.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the Needs of Arkansas School Districts Relative to Building Use and Control, Utility Tracking, Personnel, and Facility Planning Jay A. Keazer Darin W. Nutter Mechanical Engineering Department University of Arkansas... Fayetteville, Arkansas ABSTRACT This paper documents the results and conclusions from a survey of Arkansas public school district superintendents as part of a project to analyze the energy performance and utility-related needs of Arkansas’ K-12...

  2. Research on improved and enhanced oil recovery in Illinois through reservoir characterization, March 28, 1992--June 28, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oltz, D.F.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project will provide information that can maximize hydrocarbon production, minimize formation damage and stimulate new production in Illinois. Such information includes definition of hydrocarbon resources, characterization of hydrocarbon reservoirs, and the implementation of methods that will improve hydrocarbon extractive technology. Increased understanding of reservoir heterogeneities that affect oil recovery can aid in identifying producible resources. The transfer of technology to industry and the general public is a significant component of the program. The project is designed to examine selected subsurface oil reservoirs in Illinois. Scientists use advanced scientific techniques to gain a better understanding of reservoir components and behavior and address ways of potentially increasing the amount of recoverable oil. Initial production rates for wells in the Illinois Basin commonly decline quite rapidly and as much as 60 percent of the oil in place can be unrecoverable using standard operating procedures. Heterogeneities (geological differences in reservoir make-up) affect a reservoir's capability to release fluids. By-passed mobile and immobile oil remain in the reservoir. To learn how to get more of the oil out of reservoirs, the ISGS is studying the nature of reservoir rock heterogeneities and their control on the distribution and production of bypassed, mobile oil. Accomplishment for this period are summarized for the following tasks: mapping, cross-sections; subsurface depo-systems; outcrop studies; oil and gas development maps; engineering work; SEM/EDX; and clay minerals.

  3. Research on improved and enhanced oil recovery in Illinois through reservoir characterization, March 28, 1992--June 28, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oltz, D.F.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project will provide information that can maximize hydrocarbon production, minimize formation damage and stimulate new production in Illinois. Such information includes definition of hydrocarbon resources, characterization of hydrocarbon reservoirs, and the implementation of methods that will improve hydrocarbon extractive technology. Increased understanding of reservoir heterogeneities that affect oil recovery can aid in identifying producible resources. The transfer of technology to industry and the general public is a significant component of the program. The project is designed to examine selected subsurface oil reservoirs in Illinois. Scientists use advanced scientific techniques to gain a better understanding of reservoir components and behavior and address ways of potentially increasing the amount of recoverable oil. Initial production rates for wells in the Illinois Basin commonly decline quite rapidly and as much as 60 percent of the oil in place can be unrecoverable using standard operating procedures. Heterogeneities (geological differences in reservoir make-up) affect a reservoir`s capability to release fluids. By-passed mobile and immobile oil remain in the reservoir. To learn how to get more of the oil out of reservoirs, the ISGS is studying the nature of reservoir rock heterogeneities and their control on the distribution and production of bypassed, mobile oil. Accomplishment for this period are summarized for the following tasks: mapping, cross-sections; subsurface depo-systems; outcrop studies; oil and gas development maps; engineering work; SEM/EDX; and clay minerals.

  4. Understanding and predicting where people look in images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Judd, Tilke (Tilke M.)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For many applications in graphics, design, and human computer interaction, it is essential to understand where humans look in a scene. This is a challenging task given that no one fully understands how the human visual ...

  5. Characterizing Microprocessor Benchmarks Towards Understanding the Workload Design Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, Lizy Kurian

    #12;Characterizing Microprocessor Benchmarks Towards Understanding the Workload Design Space The University of Texas at Austin December 2003 #12;Characterizing Microprocessor Benchmarks Towards #12;Characterizing Microprocessor Benchmarks Towards Understanding the Workload Design Space

  6. Automatic Fish Classification for Underwater Species Behavior Understanding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Bob

    Automatic Fish Classification for Underwater Species Behavior Understanding Concetto Spampinato an automatic fish classi- fication system that operates in the natural underwater en- vironment to assist marine biologists in understanding fish behavior. Fish classification is performed by combining two types

  7. EventMinder : a personal calendar assistant that understands events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Dustin Arthur

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Calendar applications do not understand calendar entries. This limitation prevents them from offering the range of assistance that can be provided by a human personal assistant. Understanding calendar entries is a difficult ...

  8. 17.950 Understanding Modern Military Operations, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cote, Owen R., 1960-

    A proper understanding of modern military operations requires a prior understanding of both the material side of war, including especially weapon, sensor, communication, and information processing technologies, and the ...

  9. Women's Work and Women's Health in Mexico: Understanding the links

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin-Kurtzman, Jane; Denman, Catalina A.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of municipios in Mexico. Mexican migrant communities ares Work and Women’s Health in Mexico: Understanding the linkss Work and Women’s Health in Mexico: Understanding the links

  10. Children's understanding of false belief in humans and animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saunders, Katherine Nuttall

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Children are believed to develop an understanding that others can maintain and act upon a false belief by the age of four; however, there is some controversy as to how exactly children develop this "understanding." This study compared three...

  11. Public Policy and Agriculture Dr. Jeff Burkhardt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    Public Policy and Agriculture Dr. Jeff Burkhardt With Dr. John VanSickle Food & Resource Economics & Agriculture? #12;Why Public Policy for Food & Agriculture? · Economic instability #12;Why Public Policy for Food & Agriculture? · Economic instability · Globalization #12;Why Public Policy for Food & Agriculture

  12. Public Service "The Minor That Matters"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    degree. Employees in public service have the opportunity to: vdeliver and manage public programs vaddressMinorThatMatters" TAKEYOURCAR EER IN ANENTIRE LY NEW DIRECTION #12;Public Service...The Minor That Matters Purpose of the Minor designed to provide a solid foundation in public administration and non-profit management, including

  13. Institute of Public Sector Accounting Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    THE STATE" New Public Sector Seminar, Edinburgh, 6-7th November 2014 Co-Chairs: Liisa Kurunmaki, Irvine and consultants depend on in the management of public service organisations, and what is the statusInstitute of Public Sector Accounting Research I·P·S·A·R In Government, Public Services

  14. At A Glance Environmental Public Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Prevention CDC's Environmental Public Health Tracking Program Grantees TM #12;Framework for the Environmental

  15. Strategic Plan College of Public Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , sustainability, and transportation: public health aspects of biosolids management and climate change. #12;Page 3

  16. Graduate Certificate in Global Health Fact Sheet College of Public Health GRADUATE EDUCATION IN GLOBAL HEALTH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Graduate Certificate in Global Health Fact Sheet · College of Public Health GRADUATE EDUCATION. Educational Objectives for the Graduate Certificate in Global Health Increase understanding of the global-disciplinary education in global health, electives and internships will be expected by student involvement with various

  17. IEEE Communications, March 2005 Protecting Public Safety With Better Communications Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peha, Jon M.

    local agencies decision-making power, as they understand the local environment better than distant federal bureaucrats. Such a policy presumably worked well when it allowed each community to determine public safety agencies making decisions based primarily on local factors, the predictable result

  18. The Quality of Our Nation's Waters Factors Affecting Public-Supply-Well

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and local information needs and decisions related to water-quality management and policy (httpThe Quality of Our Nation's Waters Factors Affecting Public-Supply-Well Vulnerability to Contamination: Understanding Observed Water Quality and Anticipating Future Water Quality National Water-Quality

  19. Organization Studies 2004 25(1): 7593 Copyright 2003 SAGE Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    Public Management (NPM) within the board of a UK Hospital Trust: West London Hospital (WLH). We discuss of implementing NPM. But we will also be drawing on discourse theory and the literature on rhetoric. The main argument in this article is that in order to understand the reality of the NPM paradigm, we need to study

  20. improve your position Master of Science Programme Information Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Twente, Universiteit

    improve your position Master of Science Programme Information Management and Technology Information Technology and Management Information technology has become a common and indispensable tool for modern this question you need a thorough understanding of the possible role of information technology in organizations

  1. Carbon Sequestration in Dryland and Irrigated Agroecosystems: Quantification at Different Scales for Improved Prediction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verma, Shashi B; Cassman, Kenneth G; Arkebauer, Timothy J; Hubbard, Kenneth G; Knops, Johannes M; Suyker, Andrew E

    2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objective of this research is to improve our basic understanding of the biophysical processes that govern C sequestration in major rainfed and irrigated agroecosystems in the north-central USA.

  2. Capability Traps and Self-Confirming Attribution Errors in the Dynamics of Process Improvment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Repenning, Nelson

    2003-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    To better understand the factors that support or inhibit internally-focused change, we report the results of an inductive study of one firm's attempt to improve two of its core ...

  3. Understanding correlation coefficients in treaty verification. Revised

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeVolpi, A.

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When a pair of images is compared on a point-by-point basis, the linear-correlation coefficient is usually used as a measure of similarity or dissimilarity. This report evaluates the theoretical underpinnings and limitations of the linear-correlation coefficient, as well as other related statistics, particularly for cases where inherent white noise is present. As a result of the limitations in linear-correlation, an additional step has been derived -- local-sum clustering -- in order to improve recognition of small dissimilarities in a pair of otherwise identical images. Results show an optimal three-stage procedure: first, establish congruence of the two images; second, use the linear-correlation coefficient as a test of true negatives; and, third, qualify a true positive by using the cluster (local-sum) method. These three algorithmic stages would be especially useful in application to arms control treaty verification, particularly for comparison of unique identifiers (tags or seals). This is illustrated by comparing scanning-electron microscope topographical images for an intrinsic-surface tag.

  4. Understand the potential of electro-separations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byers, C.H. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Amarnath, A. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States))

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unit operations to separate and purify chemicals consume over 4 Quads (10[sup 15] Btu) of energy in the US alone each year. They also directly or indirectly generate considerable amounts of emissions. These economic and environmental pressures pose challenges that will require new processing approaches. The authors feel that electro-separations will play a leading role in achieving the efficiency and environmental improvements that will be demanded of the chemical process industries (CPI) in the early 21st Century. In this article, the authors provide an overview of the status of electro-separations. But first, to avoid any confusion, they clarify what they mean by the term electro-separations. Conventionally, it refers only to electrolysis-type technologies, such as electrophoresis, electrokinetics, and electrodialysis. Instead, they propose a broader definition: the use of electricity, or electro-magnetic fields to produce and enhance chemical or physical separation. The definition thus includes such processes as electro- and dielectric filtration, magnetic separation, any process where electric or magnetic fields profoundly affect the transport rate, and numerous other technologies that are now in early development but, with adequate support, may become preeminent separation technologies. The relative significance of this broad palette of technologies to the emerging needs of the CPI is the subject of their ongoing study.

  5. Improved vortex reactor system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diebold, James P. (Lakewood, CO); Scahill, John W. (Evergreen, CO)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved vortex reactor system for affecting fast pyrolysis of biomass and Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) feed materials comprising: a vortex reactor having its axis vertically disposed in relation to a jet of a horizontally disposed steam ejector that impels feed materials from a feeder and solids from a recycle loop along with a motive gas into a top part of said reactor.

  6. Argonne National Laboratory 1986 publications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kopta, J.A.; Springer, C.J.

    1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is a bibliography of scientific and technical 1986 publications of Argonne National Laboratory. Some are ANL contributions to outside organizations' reports published in 1986. This compilation, prepared by the Technical Information Services Technical Publications Section (TPS), lists all nonrestricted 1986 publications submitted to TPS by the Laboratory's Divisions. Author indexes list ANL authors only. If a first author is not an ANL employee, an asterisk in the bibliographic citation indicates the first ANL author. The report is divided into seven parts: Journal Articles -- Listed by first author; ANL Reports -- Listed by report number; ANL and non-ANL Unnumbered Reports -- Listed by report number; Non-ANL Numbered Reports -- Listed by report number; Books and Book Chapters -- Listed by first author; Conference Papers -- Listed by first author; and Complete Author Index.

  7. Publications of LASL research, 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willis, J.K.; Salazar, C.A. (comps.)

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This bibliography is a compilation of unclassified publications of work done at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory for 1979. Papers published in 1979 are included regardless of when they were actually written. Declassification of previously classified reports is considered to constitute publication. All classified issuances are omitted. If a paper was published more than once, all places of publication are included. The bibliography includes Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory reports, papers released as non-LASL reports, journal articles, books, chapters of books, conference papers (whether published separately or as part of conference proceedings issued as books or reports), papers published in congressional hearings, theses, and US patents. The entries are arranged in sections by broad subject categories. (RWR)

  8. Waste Receiving and Processing (WRAP) Facility Public Address System Review Findings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HUMPHRYS, K.L.

    1999-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Public address system operation at the Waste Receiving and Processing (WRAP) facility was reviewed. The review was based on an Operational Readiness Review finding that public address performance was not adequate in parts of the WRAP facility. Several improvements were made to the WRAP Public Address (PA) system to correct the deficiencies noted. Speaker gain and position was optimized. A speech processor was installed to boost intelligibility in high noise areas. Additional speakers were added to improve coverage in the work areas. The results of this evaluation indicate that further PA system enhancements are not warranted. Additional speakers cannot compensate for the high background sound and high reverberation levels found in the work areas. Recommendations to improve PA system intelligibility include minor speaker adjustments, enhanced PA announcement techniques, and the use of sound reduction and abatement techniques where economically feasible.

  9. Towards Fuel-Efficient DPF Systems: Understanding the Soot Oxidation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2005deeryezerets.pdf More Documents & Publications Burning Modes and Oxidation Rates of Soot: Relevance to Diesel Particulate Traps Soot Nanostructure: Definition,...

  10. Sandia National Laboratories: CSP Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FOR MATERIAL COMPATIBILITY TESTING IN NITRATE SALTS AT TEMPERATURES UP TO 700C Dish Stirling Reliability Improvement and Commercialization ECIS SMU Key Facilities 2011 EERE...

  11. Master of Public Health Department of Public Health Sciences, SOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    Davis School of Medicine (2014) Professional Interest: General public health Graduate Advisor: Marlene M. von Friederichs-Fitzwater, MS, PhD, MPH Entry year: 2012 Background/Interest: Vincent's interest or one similar to it. In his experience working with rural physicians, Vincent learned that rural

  12. PDAs and Shared Public Displays: Making Personal Information Public,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    computers, where each device affords quite different personal and public acts. Norman [1,p53] defines devices containing specialised personal informa- tion, while single display groupware are highlypub- lic these two quite different devices. In essence, the problem is how people move their personal artefacts

  13. Publications, 1977 through 1980. [Bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hilborn, H.S. (comp.)

    1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a compilation of documents that communicate the results of scientific and technical work done at Savannah River. The compilation includes those documents that have been published (research and development reports, journal articles, book chapters, etc.), and documents that have been announced in Energy Research Abstracts. Where applicable the meeting at which the paper was presented is given. The information was compiled by machine methods to produce bibliographic, subject, and author listings. This report updates the information included in DP-929, Rev. 2, Publications, 1951 through 1971 and DP-929-1, Publications, 1972 through 1976, and replaces DP-929-1, Supplement 3.

  14. TNG publications 1989-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Boschin

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This document lists a set of (refereed and unrefereed) scientific publications based on data taken with the instruments of the Italian Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG, mainly from the year 2000 onward) and the technical papers describing the development of the TNG project from the "phase A" (late '80s) until the end of year 2005. The collection is compiled by searching for publications on the internet. In particular, the search engines of the NASA Astrophysics Data System and Google Scholar are used. This work represents the first attempt to probe the scientific production of the TNG and will be updated regularly from year to year. Comments and suggestions are welcome.

  15. Publications List for Art Nozik

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnical News,Program90803|PublicationsNozik Publications List Page

  16. Publications | Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnical News,Program90803|PublicationsNozik PublicationsHome By

  17. Publications | Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnical News,Program90803|PublicationsNozik PublicationsHome

  18. Agile and Pro-Active Public Administration as a Collaborative Networked Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cellary, Wojciech

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In highly competitive, globalized economies and societies of always-on-line people intensively using the Internet and mobile phones, public administrations have to adapt to new challenges. Enterprises and citizens expect public administrations to be agile and pro-active to foster development. A way to achieve agility and pro-activity is application of a model of Collaborative Network Organizations in its two forms: Virtual Organizations (VO) and Virtual Organization Breeding Environments (VOBE). In the paper, advantages are shown of public administration playing a role of a Virtual Organization customer on the one hand, and a Virtual Organization member on the other hand. It is also shown how public administration playing a role of a Virtual Organization Breeding Environment may improve its agility and promote advanced technologies and management methods among local organizations. It is argued in the paper that public administration should provide a Virtual Organization Breeding Environment as a part of publi...

  19. Assessment of public perception of radioactive waste management in Korea.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trone, Janis R.; Cho, SeongKyung (Myongji University, Korea); Whang, Jooho (Kyung Hee University, Korea); Lee, Moo Yul

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The essential characteristics of the issue of radioactive waste management can be conceptualized as complex, with a variety of facets and uncertainty. These characteristics tend to cause people to perceive the issue of radioactive waste management as a 'risk'. This study was initiated in response to a desire to understand the perceptions of risk that the Korean public holds towards radioactive waste and the relevant policies and policy-making processes. The study further attempts to identify the factors influencing risk perceptions and the relationships between risk perception and social acceptance.

  20. Improved Microseismicity Detection During Newberry EGS Stimulations

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Templeton, Dennise

    Effective enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) require optimal fracture networks for efficient heat transfer between hot rock and fluid. Microseismic mapping is a key tool used to infer the subsurface fracture geometry. Traditional earthquake detection and location techniques are often employed to identify microearthquakes in geothermal regions. However, most commonly used algorithms may miss events if the seismic signal of an earthquake is small relative to the background noise level or if a microearthquake occurs within the coda of a larger event. Consequently, we have developed a set of algorithms that provide improved microearthquake detection. Our objective is to investigate the microseismicity at the DOE Newberry EGS site to better image the active regions of the underground fracture network during and immediately after the EGS stimulation. Detection of more microearthquakes during EGS stimulations will allow for better seismic delineation of the active regions of the underground fracture system. This improved knowledge of the reservoir network will improve our understanding of subsurface conditions, and allow improvement of the stimulation strategy that will optimize heat extraction and maximize economic return.

  1. Improved Microseismicity Detection During Newberry EGS Stimulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Templeton, Dennise

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Effective enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) require optimal fracture networks for efficient heat transfer between hot rock and fluid. Microseismic mapping is a key tool used to infer the subsurface fracture geometry. Traditional earthquake detection and location techniques are often employed to identify microearthquakes in geothermal regions. However, most commonly used algorithms may miss events if the seismic signal of an earthquake is small relative to the background noise level or if a microearthquake occurs within the coda of a larger event. Consequently, we have developed a set of algorithms that provide improved microearthquake detection. Our objective is to investigate the microseismicity at the DOE Newberry EGS site to better image the active regions of the underground fracture network during and immediately after the EGS stimulation. Detection of more microearthquakes during EGS stimulations will allow for better seismic delineation of the active regions of the underground fracture system. This improved knowledge of the reservoir network will improve our understanding of subsurface conditions, and allow improvement of the stimulation strategy that will optimize heat extraction and maximize economic return.

  2. Improved Microseismicity Detection During Newberry EGS Stimulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Templeton, Dennise

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Effective enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) require optimal fracture networks for efficient heat transfer between hot rock and fluid. Microseismic mapping is a key tool used to infer the subsurface fracture geometry. Traditional earthquake detection and location techniques are often employed to identify microearthquakes in geothermal regions. However, most commonly used algorithms may miss events if the seismic signal of an earthquake is small relative to the background noise level or if a microearthquake occurs within the coda of a larger event. Consequently, we have developed a set of algorithms that provide improved microearthquake detection. Our objective is to investigate the microseismicity at the DOE Newberry EGS site to better image the active regions of the underground fracture network during and immediately after the EGS stimulation. Detection of more microearthquakes during EGS stimulations will allow for better seismic delineation of the active regions of the underground fracture system. This improved knowledge of the reservoir network will improve our understanding of subsurface conditions, and allow improvement of the stimulation strategy that will optimize heat extraction and maximize economic return.

  3. Heating, Current Drive, Operations and Diagnostics Issues Understand implications of reduced repetition rate, is it adequate for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heating, Current Drive, Operations and Diagnostics Issues Operations · Understand implications of ECRH to improve startup. Heating · ICRF is the base line heating system, compare with NBI and ECRH withstand the anticipated heat loads? Diagnostics · Capability of beam diagnostics for J(r), E(r), etc

  4. Improved solar heating systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schreyer, J.M.; Dorsey, G.F.

    1980-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved solar heating system is described in which the incident radiation of the sun is absorbed on collector panels, transferred to a storage unit and then distributed as heat for a building and the like. The improvement is obtained by utilizing a storage unit comprising separate compartments containing an array of materials having different melting points ranging from 75 to 180/sup 0/F. The materials in the storage system are melted in accordance with the amount of heat absorbed from the sun and then transferred to the storage system. An efficient low volume storage system is provided by utilizing the latent heat of fusion of the materials as they change states in storing ad releasing heat for distribution.

  5. LIST OF PUBLICATIONS Yuichi Takase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Hirosuke

    LIST OF PUBLICATIONS Yuichi Takase [1] Lower hybrid heating in the Alcator] Impurity generation during intense lower hybrid heating experiments on the Alcator C tokamak, E. Marmar, M. Fusion 26, 1279-1291 (1986). [12] Impurity sources during lower hybrid heating on Alcator, B. Lipschultz

  6. Public Utilities Commission Consumer Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California Public Utilities Commission Consumer Programs Water Programs The CPUC regulates privately owned water companies, which may provide specific as- sistance programs that are unique to each about consumer programs. For infor- mation on income eligibility limits and for a list of water

  7. Public Lecture Prospects for Solar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Public Lecture Prospects for Solar Energy Utilization 4 p.m., October 8 100 Lindquist Hall Scientific lecture O Thermodynamically Efficient Solar Energy Concentration 2 p.m., October 7 128 Jabara Hall-Merced and director of the California Advanced Solar Technologies Institute. He invented the field of non

  8. ENERGY COMMISSION PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Specifically, the Proposed Final Opinion: · Reaffirms a commitment to pursue all cost-effective energy, however, utility costs may be reduced compared with business as usual, after accounting for significantCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CALIFORNIA PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

  9. GRADUATE SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    GRADUATE SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY To: Trever Crowe, Associate Dean College of Graduate Studies: September 20, 2010 On May 10, 2010, representatives from the Johnson-Shovama Graduate School met: That the passin,ggradefor all courses (`PUBP, GSPP, and electives outside of/he School) taken by students

  10. Presidential responsiveness to public opinion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaughn, Justin Scott

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    the project markedly, and Dr. Paul Kellstedt patiently indulged my persistent questions about elementary aspects of time-series analysis and the nuances of the public mood measure. Kurt Ritter, Ed Portis and Cary Nederman also demonstrated generous amounts... PRESIDENCY ................71 Presidential-Congressional Action: A Literature Review ..............71 Presidential Responsiveness and Congressional Roll Call Votes...75 Data...

  11. Public Art Fund Communications Internship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Kenneth

    of these people. Because it's a year-in- review type magazine, we had to make sure to include photos from each publication since it only comes out once a year. Because PAF just got a new, more modern-looking website, the magazine's look was altered a bit this year to fit that streamlined style. One thing I found interest- ing

  12. James M. Davis Public Liaison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warfare Tech Library Ridgecrest Public Library Walter Stiern Memorial Library Electronic Access to AFC, interested agencies, intervenors Notice by List Server Electronic distribution by email to those who signed up on the electronic list #12;Outreach--Other Executive Director Correspondence: Elected Officials

  13. as Catalyst in Public Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushman, Frederic

    Crisis as Catalyst in Public Health Alex's Lemonade Stand and the Fight Against Childhood Cancer, Medical Director, Pediatric Advanced Care Team, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia For more information, survivorship, and palliative care. We will also explore the impact that individuals can make on medical

  14. School of Public Health ADMINISTRATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    career in health services organizations such as hospitals, community-based ambulatory care centers, man aged care plans, the health supply chain, and long-term care providers. These students will receiveSchool of Public Health HEALTHCARE ADMINISTRATION Mailing Address: MHA Program Division of Health

  15. HOLYOKE PUBLIC SCHOOLS HOLYOKE, MASSACHUSETTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    HOLYOKE PUBLIC SCHOOLS HOLYOKE, MASSACHUSETTS David L. Dupont, Superintendent of Schools POSTING with identified students. Teaches self-regulation skills and self care strategies to identified students Amendments of 1972, Chapter 622 of the General Laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and Section 504

  16. The Library The Public Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Library The Public Library The Library Mission The library Function Acquisition Section of the library The library holdings Distribution of the library collections Organzation of Konwledge The library automated system The library services The automated circulation system Recalls Reservation Reference works

  17. 2012 Sustainability Plan Public Version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Sustainability Plan (SP) meets the Executive Order (EO) 13514, Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy1 2012 Sustainability Plan Public Version 16 November 2012 Point of Contact: Candice S. Walters, and Economic Performance, Section 8 requirement to annually update an integrated Strategic Sustainability

  18. New Publications First Quarter 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    report number in space provided (e.g., INT- GTR-373). 3. Cut off postcard and mail. Without name label in the Great Plains · RMRScience newsletter . . . and much more Hot off the press... Would you like to see what New Publications January­March 2004 RMRS How to Order . . . With imprinted name label on order card: 1

  19. Improved vortex reactor system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diebold, J.P.; Scahill, J.W.

    1995-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved vortex reactor system is described for affecting fast pyrolysis of biomass and Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) feed materials comprising: a vortex reactor having its axis vertically disposed in relation to a jet of a horizontally disposed steam ejector that impels feed materials from a feeder and solids from a recycle loop along with a motive gas into a top part of said reactor. 12 figs.

  20. Improving haul truck productivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiscor, S.

    2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper reviews developments in payload management and cycle times. These were discussed at a roundtable held at the Haulage and Loading 2007 conference held in May in Phoenix, AZ, USA. Several original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) explaind what their companies were doing to improve cycle times for trucks, shovels and excavators used in surface coal mining. Quotations are given from Dion Domaschenz of Liebherr and Steve Plott of Cat Global Mining. 4 figs.