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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Improving GridFTP performance using the Phoebus session layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phoebus is an infrastructure for improving end-to-end throughput in high-bandwidth, long-distance networks by using a "session layer" protocol and "gateways" in the network. Phoebus has the ability to dynamically allocate network resources and to use ...

Ezra Kissel; Martin Swany; Aaron Brown

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Improving grid performance through processor allocation considering both speed heterogeneity and resource fragmentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grid performance are usually measured by the average turnaround time of all jobs in the system. A job's turnaround time consists of two parts: queue waiting time and actual execution time, which in a heterogeneous grid environment, are severely affected ... Keywords: Grid, Processor allocation, Resource fragmentation, Speed heterogeneity

Po-Chi Shih; Kuo-Chan Huang; Yeh-Ching Chung

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Data Grids and Data Grid Performance Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction --- Data Grid Architecture --- Existing Data Grid Systems .DPSS and SRB . Part II --- Current Data Grid Work .Globus + LBNL work .other data grid projects . Part III --- Data Grid Performance Issues .network and TCP Issues . application design considerations 2 The Data Grid Introduction The Data Grid Problem . The Problem --- To enable a geographically distributed community to performance analyses on petabytes of data efficiently and cost-effectively. . The Proposed Solution --- The Data Grid 3 The Data Grid Computational/Data Grids . Grid / Computational Grid: --- The integration of various approaches used for coupling geographically dispersed resources --- analogy with the grid that supplies ubiquitous access to electric power --- Basic grid services are those that locate, allocate, coordinate, utilize these resources . Data Grid: --- ser

Brian L. Tierney

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Performance Improvement of Smart Grid Communications Using Multi-homing and Multi-streaming SCTP .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With the obvious evolution and acceleration of smart grid, it is crucial for its success to rely on a solid transmission protocol among its peripherals… (more)

Alowaidi, Majed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Grid-Controlled Lightpaths for High Performance Grid Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be shared among users and easily integrated with data and computation Grids. Keywords: network support for a data Grid supported by a high-performance network. Another concern in deploying Grids over the InternetGrid-Controlled Lightpaths for High Performance Grid Applications Raouf Boutaba, Wojciech Golab

Boutaba, Raouf

6

Emerging Grid Reliability Improvement Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The initial phase of a planned comprehensive Eastern Interconnection (EI) segmentation study is complete. As part of the preparations for completion of the EI study, and to carry out a similar effort for the Western Interconnection (WI), it was necessary to first investigate the potential of other technologies to compete with segmentation. This report discusses emerging grid reliability improvement technologies, providing a perspective on the pros and cons of segmentation, the grid shock absorber concept...

2007-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

7

Enhanced Power Grid Efficiency through Improved Phasor ...  

Enhanced Power Grid Efficiency through Improved Phasor Measurement Cleaning ... existing power grids, but they are expected to play an even larger ...

8

The MicroGrid: Using Emulation to Predict Application Performance in Diverse Grid Network Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improvements in networking and middleware technology are enabling large-scale grids that aggregate resources over wide-area networks to support applications at unprecedented levels of scale and performance. Unfortunately, existing middleware and tools can not in general inform a user as to the suitability of a given grid topology for a specific grid application. Instead, users generally develop ad hoc performance models for mapping their applications to resource and network topologies. Because application behavior alone is complex, and resource and network behavior further complicate the picture, users are typically reduced to nearly blind experimentation to discover how to deploy their application in the new grid environment. Only after the fact can a user discovers if the match was a good one. Further, even after finding a desirable configuration, there is no basis on which to determine if a much better configuration exists. We present a richer methodology for evaluating grid software and diverse grid environments based on the MicroGrid grid emulator. With the MicroGrid, users, grid researchers, or grid operators can define and emulate arbitrary collections of resources and networks. This allows study of an existing grid testbed under controlled conditions or even to study the efficacy of higher performance environments than are available today. Further, the MicroGrid supports direct execution of grid applications unchanged. These application can be written with MPI, C, C++, Perl, and/or Python and use the Globus middleware. This enables detailed and accurate study of application behavior.

Huaxia Xia; Holly Dail Ý; Henri Casanova *ý; Andrew Chien

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Improved nuclear fuel assembly grid spacer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved fuel assembly grid spacer and method of retaining the basic fuel rod support elements in position within the fuel assembly containment channel. The improvement involves attachment of the grids to the hexagonal channel and of forming the basic fuel rod support element into a grid structure, which provides a design which is insensitive to potential channel distortion (ballooning) at high fluence levels. In addition the improved method eliminates problems associated with component fabrication and assembly.

Marshall, John (San Jose, CA); Kaplan, Samuel (Los Gatos, CA)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Improved Anti-Scatter Grids and Collimators  

Office of Technology Transfer Improved Anti-Scatter Grids and Collimators New Fabrication Method Enhances X-Ray, Nuclear Imaging to Save Lives, Reduce ...

11

The MicroGrid: Using Online Simulation to Predict Application Performance in Diverse Grid Network Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MicroGrid: Using Online Simulation to Predict Application Performance in Diverse Grid Network- croGrid grid online simulator. With the MicroGrid, users, grid researchers, or grid operators can today. Further, the MicroGrid supports direct execution of grid applications unchanged

Chien, Andrew A.

12

Coming Full Circle in Florida: Improving Electric Grid Reliability and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Coming Full Circle in Florida: Improving Electric Grid Reliability Coming Full Circle in Florida: Improving Electric Grid Reliability and Resiliency Coming Full Circle in Florida: Improving Electric Grid Reliability and Resiliency May 2, 2013 - 11:16am Addthis Inside Florida Power & Light's Transmission Performance Diagnostic Center. | Photo courtesy of Florida Power & Light. Inside Florida Power & Light's Transmission Performance Diagnostic Center. | Photo courtesy of Florida Power & Light. In 2009, at the DeSoto Next Generation Solar Energy Center, President Obama announced the launch of the $3.4 billion Smart Grid Investment Grant program. In 2009, at the DeSoto Next Generation Solar Energy Center, President Obama announced the launch of the $3.4 billion Smart Grid Investment Grant program. Inside Florida Power & Light's Transmission Performance Diagnostic Center. | Photo courtesy of Florida Power & Light.

13

Smart grid - the new and improved power grid: A survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power grid, uses two-way flows of electricity and information to create a widely distributed automated energy delivery network. In this article, we survey the literature till 2011 on the enabling technologies for the Smart Grid. We explore three major systems, namely the smart infrastructure system, the smart management system, and the smart protection system. We also propose possible future directions in each system. Specifically, for the smart infrastructure system, we explore the smart energy subsystem, the smart information subsystem, and the smart communication subsystem. For the smart management system, we explore various management objectives, such as improving energy efficiency, profiling demand, maximizing utility, reducing cost, and controlling emission. We also explore various management methods to achieve these objectives. For the smart protection system, we explore various failure protection mechanisms which improve the reliability of the Smart Grid, and explore the security and privacy issues in the Smart Grid. Index Terms—Smart grid, power grid, survey, energy, information, communications, management, protection, security, privacy. I.

Xi Fang; Student Member; Satyajayant Misra; Guoliang Xue; Dejun Yang; Student Member; Abstract—the Smart Grid

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

The MicroGrid: Using Online Simulation to Predict Application Performance in Diverse Grid Network Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improvements in networking and middleware technologyare enabling large-scale grids that aggregateresources over wide-area networks to support applicationsat unprecedented levels of scale and performance.Unfortunately, existing middleware and tools provide ...

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

The MicroGrid: Using Online Simulation to Predict Application Performance in Diverse Grid Network Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improvements in networking and middleware technology are enabling large-scale grids that aggregate resources over wide-area networks to support applications at unprecedented levels of scale and performance. Unfortunately, existing middleware and tools provide little information to users as to the suitability of a given grid topology for a specific grid application. Instead, users generally use ad-hoc performance models to evaluate mappings of their applications to resource and network topologies. Grid application behavior alone is complex, and adding resource and network behavior makes the situation even worse. As a result, users typically employ nearly blind experimentation to find good deployments of their applications in each new grid environment. Only through actual deployment and execution can a user discovers if the mapping was a good one. Further, even after finding a good configuration, there is no basis to determine if a much better configuration has been missed. This approach slows effective grid application development and deployment.

Huaxia Xia; Holly Dail; Henri Casanova; Andrew A. Chien

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report and Phase...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report and Phase 1 Overview (August 2012) Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report and Phase 1 Overview (August 2012)...

17

Performance analysis of dynamic workflow scheduling in multicluster grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scientists increasingly rely on the execution of workflows in grids to obtain results from complex mixtures of applications. However, the inherently dynamic nature of grid workflow scheduling, stemming from the unavailability of scheduling information ... Keywords: grid scheduling, performance evaluation, workflows

Ozan Sonmez; Nezih Yigitbasi; Saeid Abrishami; Alexandru Iosup; Dick Epema

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Improving the Reliability and Resiliency of the US Electric Grid...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improving the Reliability and Resiliency of the US Electric Grid: SGIG Article in Metering International, March 2012 Improving the Reliability and Resiliency of the US Electric...

19

Abstract--Compared to the conventional grid, the smart grid requires active participation of consumers to improve the quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

courses. His research interests include distribution automation, smart grid applications, electric1 Abstract-- Compared to the conventional grid, the smart grid requires active participation been visionary documents on smart grids that call for improved security [6], [7]. There are researchers

Namboodiri, Vinod

20

Improved visibility computation on massive grid terrains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the design and engineering of algorithms for computing visibility maps on massive grid terrains. Given a terrain T, specified by the elevations of points in a regular grid, and given a viewpoint v, the visibility ...

Jeremy Fishman; Herman Haverkort; Laura Toma

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Improved historical solar radiation gridded data for Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improved blended data method was developed for preparation and generation of solar radiation gridded datasets for SILO; Queensland Government database containing point and gridded daily climate data for Australia from 1890 till present designed for ... Keywords: Gridded datasets, Oktas, Radiometer, Satellite observations, Solar radiation, Sunshine duration

Juliusz Zajaczkowski, Kenneth Wong, John Carter

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Enhanced Power Grid Efficiency through Improved Phasor Measurement ...  

Patent Information U. S. provisional patent pending Foreign rights available ... The smart grid market is projected to reach $9.6 billion by 2015, and improved

23

High Performance Data Transfer in Grid Environment Using GridFTP over InfiniBand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GridFTP, designed using the Globus XIO framework, is one of the most popular methods in use to perform data transfers in the grid environment. But the performance of GridFTP in WAN is limited by the relatively low communication bandwidth offered by the ... Keywords: GridFTP, RDMA, Zero-Copy, Globus-XIO, Cluster-of-Clusters, InfiniBand, Obsidian Longbow XR, InfiniBand WAN and iWARP

Hari Subramoni; Ping Lai; Raj Kettimuthu; Dhabaleswar K. Panda

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Smart Grids for Improved Energy Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NISTIR 7628 Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security (3 volumes, V2 privacy) – Initial security architecture, analysis of standards for SGIP ...

2013-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

25

GridBench: A tool for the interactive performance exploration of Grid infrastructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As Grids rapidly expand in size and complexity, the task of benchmarking and testing, interactive or unattended, quickly becomes unmanageable. In this article we describe the difficulties of testing/benchmarking resources in large Grid infrastructures ... Keywords: Benchmarking, Grids, Performance, Ranking, Testing

George Tsouloupas; Marios D. Dikaiakos

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Measured Off-Grid LED Lighting System Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market in Western Kenya: LED Alternatives and Consumerfor Emerging Off-grid White-LED Illumination Systems forReport #4 Measured Off-Grid LED Lighting System Performance

Granderson, Jessica

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Performance evaluation of a grid computing architecture using realtime network monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper integrates the concepts of realtime network monitoring and visualizations into a grid computing architecture on the Internet. We develop a Realtime Network Monitor(RNM) that performs realtime network monitoring in order to improve the performance ...

Young-Sik Jeong; Cheng-Zhong Xu

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Grid Performance Metrics Using Model-less Algorithms Pete Sauer...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Grid Performance Metrics Using Model-less Algorithms Pete Sauer and Alejandro D. Domnguez-Garca Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Illinois at...

29

A lightweight, high performance communication protocol for grid computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a lightweight, high-performance communication protocol for the high-bandwidth, high-delay networks typical of computational Grids. One unique feature of this protocol is that it incorporates an extremely accurate classification mechanism ... Keywords: Bayesian analysis, Classification mechanisms, Grid computing, High-performance communication protocols, High-performance networking

Phillip M. Dickens

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

The failure of TCP in high-performance computational grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed computational grids depend on TCP to ensure reliable end-to-end communication between nodes across the wide-area network (WAN). Unfortunately, TCP performance can be abysmal even when buffers on the end hosts are manually optimized. Recent ... Keywords: network traffic characterization, self-similarity,TCP, computational grid, distributed computing

W. Feng; P. Tinnakornsrisuphap

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report  

SciTech Connect

This is the project report to DOE OE-30 for the completion of Phase 1 of a 3 phase report. This report outlines the work done to develop a smart grid cybersecurity certification. This work is being done with the subcontractor NBISE.

O' Neil, Lori Ross; Assante, Michael; Tobey, David

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Interim Test Procedures for Evaluating Electrical Performance and Grid Integration of Vehicle-to-Grid Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interim Test Procedures for Interim Test Procedures for Evaluating Electrical Performance and Grid Integration of Vehicle-to-Grid Applications S. Chakraborty, W. Kramer, B. Kroposki, G. Martin, P. McNutt, M. Kuss, T. Markel, and A. Hoke Technical Report NREL/TP-5500-51001 June 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Interim Test Procedures for Evaluating Electrical Performance and Grid Integration of Vehicle-to-Grid Applications S. Chakraborty, W. Kramer, B. Kroposki, G. Martin, P. McNutt, M. Kuss, T. Markel,

33

Improved Governing of Kaplan Turbine Hydropower Plants Operating Island Grids.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? To reduce the consequences of a major fault in the electric power grid, functioning parts of the grid can be divided into smaller grid… (more)

Gustafsson, Martin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

THE FAILURE OF TCP IN HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTATIONAL GRIDS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed computational grids depend on TCP to ensure reliable end-to-end communication between nodes across the wide-area network (WAN). Unfortunately, TCP performance can be abysmal even when buffers on the end hosts are manually optimized. Recent studies blame the self-similar nature of aggregate network traffic for TCP's poor performance because such traffic is not readily amenable to statistical multiplexing in the Internet, and hence computational grids. In this paper we identify a source of self-similarity previously ignored, a source that is readily controllable--TCP. Via an experimental study, we examine the effects of the TCP stack on network traffic using different implementations of TCP. We show that even when aggregate application traffic ought to smooth out as more applications' traffic are multiplexed, TCP induces burstiness into the aggregate traffic loud, thus adversely impacting network performance. Furthermore, our results indicate that TCP performance will worsen as WAN speeds continue to increase.

W. FENG; ET AL

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Improving the Reliability and Resiliency of the US Electric Grid: SGIG  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improving the Reliability and Resiliency of the US Electric Grid: Improving the Reliability and Resiliency of the US Electric Grid: SGIG Article in Metering International, March 2012 Improving the Reliability and Resiliency of the US Electric Grid: SGIG Article in Metering International, March 2012 The quarterly magazine Metering International is a resource for information on trends and developments in the industry. Issue 1 2012 (March) featured an article on DOE's Smart Grid Investment Grant Program written by OE's Debbie Haught and Joseph Paladino. "Improving the Reliability and Resiliency of the US Electric Grid" is available for download below. Improving the Reliability and Resiliency of the US Electric Grid - SGIG Article in Metering International Issue 1 2012.pdf More Documents & Publications Smart Grid Investment Grant Program - Progress Report (October 2013)

36

Data quality assurance and performance measurement of data mining for preventive maintenance of power grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ensuring reliability as the electrical grid morphs into the "smart grid" will require innovations in how we assess the state of the grid, for the purpose of proactive maintenance, rather than reactive maintenance; in the future, we will not only react ... Keywords: data mining, data quality assurance, machine learning, performance measurement, power grid, preventive maintenance

Leon Wu; Gail Kaiser; Cynthia Rudin; Roger Anderson

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

An Improved Calculation of Coriolis Terms on the C Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The central differencing grid with fully staggered velocity components (C grid) is widely used in primitive equation oceanographic models despite potential problems in simulating baroclinic inertia–gravity and Rossby waves that can arise due to ...

Srdjan Dobricic

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Cactus and Visapult: An ultra-high performance grid-distributedvisualization architecture using connectionless protocols  

SciTech Connect

This past decade has seen rapid growth in the size,resolution, and complexity of Grand Challenge simulation codes. Thistrend is accompanied by a trend towards multinational, multidisciplinaryteams who carry out this research in distributed teams, and thecorresponding growth of Grid infrastructure to support these widelydistributed Virtual Organizations. As the number and diversity ofdistributed teams grow, the need for visualization tools to analyze anddisplay multi-terabyte, remote data becomes more pronounced and moreurgent. One such tool that has been successfully used to address thisproblem is Visapult. Visapult is a parallel visualization tool thatemploys Grid-distributed components, latency tolerant visualization andgraphics algorithms, along with high performance network I/O in order toachieve effective remote analysis of massive datasets. In this paper wediscuss improvements to network bandwidth utilization and responsivenessof the Visapult application that result from using connectionlessprotocols to move data payload between the distributed Visapultcomponents and a Grid-enabled, high performance physics simulation usedto study gravitational waveforms of colliding black holes: The Cactuscode. These improvements have boosted Visapult's network efficiency to88-96 percent of the maximum theoretical available bandwidth onmulti-gigabit Wide Area Networks, and greatly enhanced interactivity.Such improvements are critically important for future development ofeffective interactive Grid applications.

Bethel, E. Wes; Shalf, John

2002-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

39

Improve energy performance | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

track, and benchmark Improve energy performance ENERGY STAR industrial partnership Energy guides Energy efficiency and air regulation Plant energy auditing Industrial...

40

Performance model for grid-connected photovoltaic inverters.  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an empirically based performance model for grid-connected photovoltaic inverters used for system performance (energy) modeling and for continuous monitoring of inverter performance during system operation. The versatility and accuracy of the model were validated for a variety of both residential and commercial size inverters. Default parameters for the model can be obtained from manufacturers specification sheets, and the accuracy of the model can be further refined using measurements from either well-instrumented field measurements in operational systems or using detailed measurements from a recognized testing laboratory. An initial database of inverter performance parameters was developed based on measurements conducted at Sandia National Laboratories and at laboratories supporting the solar programs of the California Energy Commission.

Boyson, William Earl; Galbraith, Gary M.; King, David L.; Gonzalez, Sigifredo

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Electrical Core Transformer for Grid Improvement Incorporating Wire Magnetic Components  

SciTech Connect

The research reported herein adds to the understanding of oil-immersed distribution transformers by exploring and demonstrating potential improvements in efficiency and cost utilizing the unique Buswell approach wherein the unit is redesigned, replacing magnetic sheet with wire allowing for improvements in configuration and increased simplicity in the build process. Exploration of new designs is a critical component in our drive to assure reduction of energy waste, adequate delivery to the citizenry, and the robustness of U.S. manufacturing. By moving that conversation forward, this exploration adds greatly to our base of knowledge and clearly outlines an important avenue for further exploration. This final report shows several advantages of this new transformer type (outlined in a report signed by all of our collaborating partners and included in this document). Although materials development is required to achieve commercial potential, the clear benefits of the technology if that development were a given is established. Exploration of new transformer types and further work on the Buswell design approach is in the best interest of the public, industry, and the United States. Public benefits accrue from design alternatives that reduce the overall use of energy, but it must be acknowledged that new DOE energy efficiency standards have provided some assurance in that regard. Nonetheless the burden of achieving these new standards has been largely shifted to the manufacturers of oil-immersed distribution transformers with cost increasing up to 20% of some units versus 2006 when this investigation was started. Further, rising costs have forced the industry to look closely are far more expensive technologies which may threaten U.S. competitiveness in the distribution transformer market. This concern is coupled with the realization that many units in the nation's grid are beyond their optimal life which suggests that the nation may be headed for an infrastructure crisis that U.S. industry is ill prepared to handle which could further challenge U.S. competitiveness.

Harrie R. Buswell, PhD; Dennis Jacobs, PhD; Steve Meng

2012-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

42

Enhanced Power Grid Efficiency through Improved Phasor Measurement Cleaning  

Power suppliers must monitor the electricity levels within their power grids to ensure that the proper amount of electricity is being sent where it is needed. Power consumption levels are monitored using phasor measurement units (PMUs), which measure ...

43

Coming Full Circle in Florida: Improving Electric Grid Reliability...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Generation Solar Energy Center, President Obama announced the launch of the 3.4 billion Smart Grid Investment Grant program. In 2009, at the DeSoto Next Generation Solar Energy...

44

DOE Provides $4.3 Million to Improve Reliability of the U.S. Electric Grid  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Provides $4.3 Million to Improve Reliability of the U.S. Provides $4.3 Million to Improve Reliability of the U.S. Electric Grid DOE Provides $4.3 Million to Improve Reliability of the U.S. Electric Grid August 21, 2009 - 3:47pm Addthis Innovative Synchrophasor Research Will Provide Better Real-Time Information WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy's Office of Electricity and Energy Reliability today announced that it will provide $4.3 million for four projects that will use innovative synchrophasor research to improve the reliability and efficiency of our Nation's electricity grid. These awards are part of the Department's efforts to modernize the electric grid and enhance the security and reliability of the energy infrastructure. Synchrophasors are high-speed, real-time synchronized measurement devices used to diagnose the health of the electricity grid. With synchrophasor

45

Nanolubricants to Improve Chiller Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nanolubricants to Improve Chiller Nanolubricants to Improve Chiller Performance Mark Kedzierski NIST MAK@NIST.GOV 301 975 5282 April 3, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: Enabling technology for improving the efficiency of chillers that cool large buildings with nanolubricants. (Nanolubricants are not currently used in chillers.) Develop fundamental understanding of how nanolubricants enhance refrigerant/nanolubricant. What nanoparticle size,

46

Performance Parameters for Grid-Connected PV Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 B. Marion, J. Adelstein, and K. Boyle National Renewable Energy Laboratory H. Hayden, B. Hammond, T. Fletcher, B. Canada, and D. Narang Arizona Public Service Co. D. Shugar, H. Wenger, A. Kimber, and L. Mitchell PowerLight Corporation G. Rich and T. Townsend First Solar Prepared for the 31 st IEEE Photovoltaics Specialists Conference and Exhibition Lake Buena Vista, Florida January 3-7, 2005 February 2005 * NREL/CP-520-37358 Performance Parameters for Grid-Connected PV Systems

47

High performance x-ray anti-scatter grid  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are an x-ray anti-scatter grid for x-ray imaging, particularly for screening mammography, and method for fabricating same, x-rays incident along a direct path pass through a grid composed of a plurality of parallel or crossed openings, microchannels, grooves, or slots etched in a substrate, such as silicon, having the walls of the microchannels or slots coated with a high opacity material, such as gold, while x-rays incident at angels with respect to the slots of the grid, arising from scatter, are blocked. The thickness of the substrate is dependent on the specific application of the grid, whereby a substrate of the grid for mammography would be thinner than one for chest radiology. Instead of coating the walls of the slots, such could be filed with an appropriate liquid, such as mercury. 4 Figs.

Logan, C.M.

1995-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

48

High performance x-ray anti-scatter grid  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An x-ray anti-scatter grid for x-ray imaging, particularly for screening mammography, and method for fabricating same, x-rays incident along a direct path pass through a grid composed of a plurality of parallel or crossed openings, microchannels, grooves, or slots etched in a substrate, such as silicon, having the walls of the microchannels or slots coated with a high opacity material, such as gold, while x-rays incident at angels with respect to the slots of the grid, arising from scatter, are blocked. The thickness of the substrate is dependent on the specific application of the grid, whereby a substrate of the grid for mammography would be thinner than one for chest radiology. Instead of coating the walls of the slots, such could be filed with an appropriate liquid, such as mercury.

Logan, Clinton M. (Pleasanton, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Improving GridFTP transfers by means of a multiagent parallel file system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data transfer in a grid environment has become one critical activity in a large number of applications that require access to huge volumes of data. In these scenarios, characterized by large latencies, poor performance and complex dependencies, the use ... Keywords: Data transfer, GridFTP, MAPFS, multiagent system, parallel file system

Alberto Sánchez; María S. Pérez; Pierre Gueant; Jesús Montes; Pilar Herrero; Toni Cortes

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Electricity Grid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for the smart grid, distributed generation (microgrids), and improved grid reliability. Demand Response Demand response (DR) is a set of time-dependent activities that reduce or...

51

Measured Off-Grid LED Lighting System Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Specter of Fuel-Based Lighting," Science 308:1263-1264.Mills. 2008. "Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget:The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in

Granderson, Jessica

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Simulation for Performance Analysis of Grid-Connected Induction Generators with Input Voltage Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the increasing application of wind energy, various technologies are developed for analyzing the performance of grid-connected induction generator (GIG) based wind energy conversion systems (WECSs). Input voltage control is one among them. In the ... Keywords: grid-connected induction generators (GIGs), wind energy conversion systems (WECSs), input voltage control, performance analysis, MATLAB

Farhad Ilahi Bakhsh, Shirazul Islam, Sayeed Ahmad

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Interim Test Procedures for Evaluating Electrical Performance and Grid Integration of Vehicle-to-Grid Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this report is to provide a test plan for V2G testing. The test plan is designed to test and evaluate the vehicle's power electronics capability to provide power to the grid, and to evaluate the vehicle's ability to connect and disconnect from the utility according to a subset of the IEEE Std. 1547 tests.

Chakraborty, S.; Kramer, W.; Kroposki, B.; Martin, G.; McNutt, P.; Kuss, M.; Markel, T.; Hoke, A.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Interim Test Procedures for Evaluating Electrical Performance and Grid Integration of Vehicle-to-Grid Applications  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report is to provide a test plan for V2G testing. The test plan is designed to test and evaluate the vehicle's power electronics capability to provide power to the grid, and to evaluate the vehicle's ability to connect and disconnect from the utility according to a subset of the IEEE Std. 1547 tests.

Chakraborty, S.; Kramer, W.; Kroposki, B.; Martin, G.; McNutt, P.; Kuss, M.; Markel, T.; Hoke, A.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Improving the Performance of Lithium Manganese Phosphate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving the Performance of Lithium Manganese Phosphate Title Improving the Performance of Lithium Manganese Phosphate Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009...

56

Performance Test Protocol for Evaluating Inverters Used in Grid-Connected  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance Test Protocol for Evaluating Inverters Used in Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems....................................................................................................................................... 36 A1 Simplified Photovoltaic I-V Curve Model Inverters Used in Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems 1 Overview One measure of the maturity of an industry

57

Performance evaluations of ZigBee in different smart grid environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, ZigBee Smart Energy profile has been developed for various smart grid applications, such as automatic metering, demand response, load control, power fraud detection, fault diagnostics, and distribution automation. In this paper, the performance ... Keywords: IEEE 802.15.4, Ns-2, Smart grid, Wireless sensor networks, ZigBee

B. E. Bilgin; V. C. Gungor

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Performance Analysis of Off-Grid Micro WECS in Harsh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wind power at off-grid sites · Motivated by high cost and environmental risk of traditional diesel Labrador · Originally powered solely by diesel generators with battery bank · Solar power introduced at sites in early 1990's · Wind power installation began in 2003 #12;4/19 Background · Now implementing

Bruneau, Steve

59

CHF Performance of Hybrid Mixing Vane Grid for a Nuclear Fuel Bundle  

SciTech Connect

Numerous studies have shown that the mixing vanes of the spacer grids in a nuclear fuel rod bundle increase the Critical Heat Flux (CHF) significantly. The amount of the CHF enhancement depends strongly on the design of the mixing vanes such as the vane shape and vane bending angle. Recently a new mixing vane design was developed for an advanced spacer grid. It is called a Hybrid Mixing Vane. The main objective of this work is to evaluate the CHF performance of the hybrid vane grid and to compare it with that of a split vane grid. Three kinds of rod bundles were tested for the above objectives: no mixing vane grids, the hybrid mixing vane grids, and the split mixing vane grids. To measure the CHF data, 5x5 rod bundle experiments were conducted in the FTHEL (Freon Thermal Hydraulic Experiment Loop). Each experiment was performed by maintaining the following system conditions as constant: inlet pressure, inlet temperature, and mass flow rate. The experiments were performed in ranges of the inlet pressure, P{sub in} = 2000{approx}3000 kPa, mass flux, G = 1000{approx}3000 kg/m{sup 2}s, and inlet subcooling, {delta}h{sub in}= 10{approx}55 kJ/kg, which simulates the PWR operating conditions for a water equivalence through a fluid-to-fluid modeling. The CHF performances were compared with the data belonging to a PWR's operating conditions; a pressure of 2000{approx}3000 kPa and a mass flux of 1500{approx}3000 kg/m{sup 2}s. The average of the CHF increase for the hybrid mixing grids for 20 data sets is 18.2% higher than that for the no vane grids. While the average of the CHF increase for the split mixing vane grids for 20 data sets is 14.5% higher than that for the no vane grids. Consequently, the CHF performance of the hybrid mixing vane grid is superior by about 4% to that of the split mixing vane grid near the normal PWR operating conditions even under a longer grid span than usual. (authors)

Shin, Chang-Hwan; Chun, Tae-Hyun [LWR Fuel Development Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 150 Dukjin-dong, Yuseong, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of); Choo, Yeon-Jun; Moon, Sang-Ki; Chun, Se-Young [Thermal-Hydraulic Safety Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 150 Dukjin-dong, Yuseong, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Bulk Energy Storage Technologies, 2013: Performance Potential, Grid Services, and Cost Expectations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bulk energy storage (BES) is a valuable technology option that can enhance grid flexibility, facilitate better utilization of existing grid assets, enhance wind farm economics, and facilitate higher penetration of renewables. Significant changes are now occurring that are enhancing the economic viability of BES, including technology advancements, new market products, regulatory incentives, generator retirements, and improved evaluation of BES revenues. As a result, a wide variety of BES technologies ...

2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Scalable real time data management for smart grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents GridMW, a scalable and reliable data middleware layer for smart grids. Smart grids promise to improve the efficiency of power grid systems and reduce green house emissions through incorporating power generation from renewable sources ... Keywords: data management middleware, efficiency, near real time, performance, smart grids

Jian Yin; Anand Kulkarni; Sumit Purohit; Ian Gorton; Bora Akyol

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Grid Reliability Performance Metrics Using Phasor Data and Model-less Algorithms,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reliability Performance Metrics Using Reliability Performance Metrics Using Phasor Data and Model-less Algorithms, Prototype Development and Field Test Carlos Martinez - Advanced Systems Researchers (ASR) cmartinez@asresearchers.com June 27-28 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program 2 Project Objective LOAD-GENERATION CONTROL RELIABILITY PERFORMANCE REALTIME MONITORING GRID RELIABILITY PERFORMANCE PHASOR BASED AND MODELESS REALTIME MONITORING RESEARCH, PROTOTYPE AND FIELD TEST ALL APPLICATIONS IN PRODUCTION PROJECT OBJECTIVES 3 Project Analytics Approach 4 Accomplishments to be Completed in FY 2013 * Deliver to MISO the Extended Prototype Functional Specification * Complete Research, Test and Validation of Grid Post- Disturbance Reliability Metrics

63

Grid Shunt Reactive Power Compensation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides essential information on transmission grid shunt reactive power compensation, with particular focus on controllable reactive power sources such as the static var controller (SVC). Applying the information presented in this report can help electric utilities planning grid shunt reactive power compensation strategies or operating shunt reactive power compensation equipment to increase grid reliability, improve grid performance and prevent costly cascading outages. The report is intende...

2008-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

64

Grid Interconnection and Performance Testing Procedures for Vehicle-To-Grid (V2G) Power Electronics: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Bidirectional power electronics can add vehicle-to-grid (V2G) capability in a plug-in vehicle, which then allows the vehicle to operate as a distributed resource (DR). The uniqueness of the battery-based V2G power electronics requires a test procedure that will not only maintain IEEE interconnection standards, but can also evaluate the electrical performance of the vehicle working as a DR. The objective of this paper is to discuss a recently published NREL technical report that provides interim test procedures for V2G vehicles for their integration into the electrical distribution systems and for their performance in terms of continuous output power, efficiency, and losses. Additionally, some other test procedures are discussed that are applicable to a V2G vehicle that desires to provide power reserve functions. A few sample test results are provided based on testing of prototype V2G vehicles at NREL.

Kramer, W.; Chakraborty, S.; Kroposki, B.; Hoke, A.; Martin, G.; Markel, T.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Investigation of transient models and performances for a doubly fed wind turbine under a grid fault  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to investigate the impacts of the integration of wind farms into utilities network, it is necessary to analyze the transient performances of wind turbine generation systems (WTGS) with the appropriate transient models. According to the grid ... Keywords: crowbar, doubly fed induction generator, drive train, transient performance, wind power

Mingyu Wang; Bin Zhao; Hui Li; Chao Yang; Renjie Ye; Z. Chen

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Evaluating Machine Learning for Improving Power Grid Reliability Leon Wu leon@cs.columbia.edu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and intelligent electricity distribution and trans- mission system, i.e., power grid. The smart grid has been as the electrical grid morphs into the "smart grid" will require innovations in how we assess the state of the grid defined as an automated electric power system that monitors and controls grid activities, ensuring the two

Rudin, Cynthia

67

Assessing the Performance of LED-Based Flashlights Available in the Kenyan Off-Grid Lighting Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of emerging off-grid White-LED illumination systems, Light &Assessing the Performance of LED-Based Flashlights Availableflashlights that use LED technology are increasingly

Tracy, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

A policy letter. DG-GRID Improving distribution network regulation for enhancing the share of sustainable distributed generation in Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A policy letter. DG-GRID Improving distribution network regulation for enhancing the share-generation of electricity and heat (CHP). This drives the growth of distributed generation (DG) ­ generators connected to the distribution network ­ to significant levels. The DG-GRID project1 carried out by nine European universities

69

Towards High Performance Discrete-Event Simulations of Smart Electric Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future electric grid technology is envisioned on the notion of a smart grid in which responsive end-user devices play an integral part of the transmission and distribution control systems. Detailed simulation is often the primary choice in analyzing small network designs, and the only choice in analyzing large-scale electric network designs. Here, we identify and articulate the high-performance computing needs underlying high-resolution discrete event simulation of smart electric grid operation large network scenarios such as the entire Eastern Interconnect. We focus on the simulator's most computationally intensive operation, namely, the dynamic numerical solution for the electric grid state, for both time-integration as well as event-detection. We explore solution approaches using general-purpose dense and sparse solvers, and propose a scalable solver specialized for the sparse structures of actual electric networks. Based on experiments with an implementation in the THYME simulator, we identify performance issues and possible solution approaches for smart grid experimentation in the large.

Perumalla, Kalyan S [ORNL; Nutaro, James J [ORNL; Yoginath, Srikanth B [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Improve building and plant performance | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

performance Through ENERGY STAR, EPA provides tools and resources to help you save money and reduce your carbon emissions by improving the energy efficiency of building and...

71

Tundish Process Performance Improvement: Some Indian Case ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Tundish Process Performance Improvement: Some Indian Case Studies ... Engineering and Human Resource Development: Design as a Common Language ... The Fundamentals of Gas Bubbling into Liquid Metals.

72

Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Smart Grid AMI ATO addresses congestion AAM greatly improves the performance of today's asset management programs AMI empowers the customer and establishes communications to the...

73

Remote performance check and automated failure identification for grid-connected PV systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy yield against an expected, simulated value. A PV simulation model, which employs inexpensiveRemote performance check and automated failure identification for grid-connected PV systems reliable operation of small systems up to 5 kWp. The detection and identification of a failure is strongly

Heinemann, Detlev

74

Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report and Phase 1 Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report and Phase 1 Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report and Phase 1 Overview (August 2012) Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report and Phase 1 Overview (August 2012) In the spring of 2011, the U.S. Department of Energy awarded a project to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in partnership with the National Board of Information Security Examiners to develop a set of guidelines to enhance development of the smart grid cybersecurity workforce and provide a foundation for future certifications. The project has three phases. The first phase produced an exploratory Job Performance Model based on a factor analysis of responses to a multi-page survey, the Job Analysis Questionnaire (JAQ). The second phase of the project will seek to validate the exploratory model in laboratory simulation studies of a small group of

75

Improving Outage Performance: Outage Optimization Process  

SciTech Connect

Planned outage performance is a key measure of how well an Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) is operated. Performance during planned outages strongly affects virtually all of a plant's performance metrics. In recognition of this fact, NPP operators worldwide have and continue to focus on improving their outage performance. The process of improving outage performance is commonly referred to as 'Outage Optimization' in the industry. This paper starts with a summary of the principles of Outage Optimization. It then provides an overview of a process in common use in the USA and elsewhere to manage the improvement of planned outages. The program described is comprehensive in that it involves managing improvement in both the Preparation and Execution phases of outage management. (author)

LaPlatney, Jere J. [AREVA NP (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

738 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 3, NO. 2, JUNE 2012 Utilizing a Smart Grid Monitoring System to Improve  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transformers, smart meters, distribu- tion switching devices, and strategically installed power quality recommendations by focusing most power quality efforts at the substation transformer. This lack of monitoring of this two-year study. Index Terms--Customer complaints, operational costs, power quality, smart grid, smart

Simões, Marcelo Godoy

77

High Performance Hydrogen/Bromine Redox Flow Battery for Grid-Scale Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Performance Hydrogen/Bromine Redox Flow Battery for Grid-Scale Energy High Performance Hydrogen/Bromine Redox Flow Battery for Grid-Scale Energy Storage Title High Performance Hydrogen/Bromine Redox Flow Battery for Grid-Scale Energy Storage Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Cho, Kyu Taek, Paul L. Ridgway, Adam Z. Weber, Sophia Haussener, Vincent S. Battaglia, and Venkat Srinivasan Journal Journal of the Electrochemical Society Volume 159 Issue 11 Pagination A1806 - A1815 Date Published 01/2012 ISSN 0013-4651 Keywords hydrogen/bromine, redox flow battery Abstract The electrochemical behavior of a promising hydrogen/bromine redox flow battery is investigated for grid-scale energy-storage application with some of the best redox-flow-battery performance results to date, including a peak power of 1.4 W/cm(2) and a 91% voltaic efficiency at 0.4 W/cm(2) constant-power operation. The kinetics of bromine on various materials is discussed, with both rotating-disk-electrode and cell studies demonstrating that a carbon porous electrode for the bromine reaction can conduct platinum-comparable performance as long as sufficient surface area is realized. The effect of flow-cell designs and operating temperature is examined, and ohmic and mass-transfer losses are decreased by utilizing a flow-through electrode design and increasing cell temperature. Charge/discharge and discharge-rate tests also reveal that this system has highly reversible behavior and good rate capability.

78

Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report LR O'Neil, PNNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 9 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report LR O'Neil, PNNL MJ Assante, NBISE DH Tobey, NBISE August 2012 PNNL- 21639 Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report August 2012 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington 99352 iii Summary Evidence from the Center for Strategic and International Studies and the Defense Science Board starkly illuminate serious shortages in the talent available in the United States for cyber defense and cyber operations. The need for technically skilled people crosses both the government and private sectors. Faced

79

Data Quality Assurance and Performance Measurement of Data Mining for Preventive Maintenance of Power Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- able and intelligent electricity distribution and transmission system, i.e., power grid. The smart grid Ensuring reliability as the electrical grid morphs into the "smart grid" will require innovations in how we has been defined as an automated electric power system that monitors and con- trols grid activities

Rudin, Cynthia

80

Performance Criteria and Test Plans for Grid Integration of Renewable Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distribution utilities are expected to face challenges in the grid integration of renewable generation as relative numbers and penetration levels increase. This report describes the ongoing development of performance criteria, test protocols and facilities to support the smooth integration of distributed generation (DG). It is specifically aimed at requirements for relatively high penetration of distributed generation, with emphasis on inverters as the primary interfacing device. Brief discussions of exi...

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Condensate Filter Demineralizer Performance Improvement Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upgrading condensate filter demineralizer (CFD) performance poses a complex, challenging utility task. This report summarizes the major factors that impact CFD performance and defines a comprehensive improvement program. In specific, the report discusses hardware, filter media, and operating practices, describing each area in terms of the underlying technology, approach to optimization, and utility experience.

1997-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

82

Proceedings of the first international workshop on High performance computing, networking and analytics for the power grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is our great pleasure to welcome you to the 1st International Workshop on High Performance Computing, Networking and Analytics for the Power Grid -- HiPCNA-PG 2011. Sensor deployments on the grid are expected to increase geometrically in the ...

Daniel Chavarría-Miranda; Bora Akyol

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Data quality assurance and performance measurement of data mining for preventive maintenance of power grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ensuring reliability as the electrical grid morphs into the "smart grid" will require innovations in how we assess the state of the grid, for the purpose of proactive maintenance, rather than reactive maintenance; in the ...

Wu, Leon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Improving grid reliability through integration of distributed PV and energy storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several emerging technologies, namely, high penetration grid-connected distributed photovoltaics (PV), energy storage, and smart grid have seen tremendous growth in recent years. Because of their interconnected nature, the deployed systems are fairly ...

Guohui Yuan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Improving monitoring, control and protection of power grid using wide area synchro-phasor measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When disturbances occur in power grid, monitoring, control and protection systems are required to stop the grid degradation, restore it to a normal state, and hence minimize their effects. However, in wide area power grid resulting from large extension ... Keywords: emergency control and optimization systems, phasor measurement units, power system, wide area protection system

Hamid Bentarzi

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Combination of data replication and scheduling algorithm for improving data availability in Data Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data Grid is a geographically distributed environment that deals with large-scale data-intensive applications. Effective scheduling in Grid can reduce the amount of data transferred among nodes by submitting a job to a node, where most of the requested ... Keywords: Data Grid, Data replication, Job scheduling, Simulation

Najme Mansouri; Gholam Hosein Dastghaibyfard; Ehsan Mansouri

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Performance analysis of allocation policies for interGrid resource provisioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several Grids have been established and used for varying science applications during the last years. Most of these Grids, however, work in isolation and with different utilisation levels. Previous work has introduced an architecture and a mechanism to ... Keywords: Grid computing, InterGrid resource allocation, Resource provisioning

Marcos Dias de Assunção; Rajkumar Buyya

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Superalloy Surface Treatment for Improved Metal Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superalloy Surface Treatment Superalloy Surface Treatment for Improved Metal Performance Opportunity Research is active on the patent pending technology, titled "Method to Improve Superalloy Resistance by Surface Treatment." This technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Overview To produce power more efficiently and cleanly, the next generation of power and aero turbines along with other essential components will have to operate at extreme temperatures and pressures. Currently advanced single crystal nickel-based superalloys are used in such extreme environments. Even though these components are coated with a bond

89

Improving performance via mini-applications.  

SciTech Connect

Application performance is determined by a combination of many choices: hardware platform, runtime environment, languages and compilers used, algorithm choice and implementation, and more. In this complicated environment, we find that the use of mini-applications - small self-contained proxies for real applications - is an excellent approach for rapidly exploring the parameter space of all these choices. Furthermore, use of mini-applications enriches the interaction between application, library and computer system developers by providing explicit functioning software and concrete performance results that lead to detailed, focused discussions of design trade-offs, algorithm choices and runtime performance issues. In this paper we discuss a collection of mini-applications and demonstrate how we use them to analyze and improve application performance on new and future computer platforms.

Crozier, Paul Stewart; Thornquist, Heidi K.; Numrich, Robert W. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN); Williams, Alan B.; Edwards, Harold Carter; Keiter, Eric Richard; Rajan, Mahesh; Willenbring, James M.; Doerfler, Douglas W.; Heroux, Michael Allen

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Improving query performance in virtual data warehouses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to improve the quality of Business Intelligence Systems in an organization we can choose to build the system using BI techniques such as OLAP and data warehousing or by using traditional reports based on SQL queries. The cost and developing ... Keywords: SQL query plans, analytical functions, business intelligence projects, data extraction, indexes, partitioning techniques, query optimization and performance, tuning and optimization, virtual data warehouse

Adela Bâra; Ion Lungu; Manole Velicanu; Vlad Diaconita; Iuliana Botha

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Smart Grid Technologies for Efficiency Improvement of Integrated Industrial Electric System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this research is to identify the need of Smart Grid Technologies in communication between industrial plants with co-generation capability and the… (more)

Balani, Spandana

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Smart Grid The New and Improved Power Grid: A Survey Xi Fang, Student Member, IEEE, Satyajayant Misra, Member, IEEE, Guoliang Xue, Fellow, IEEE,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

life-cycle. B. Security threats Each component of the smart grid architecture faces threats.sekercioglu}@monash.edu Abstract--The `smart grid' is an upgrade of the existing 20th century electrical power grid, promoted and emergency response. Smart grids are quickly spawning in Australia, Europe and North America. Security

Misra, Satyajayant

93

Optimized Icosahedral Grids: Performance of Finite-Difference Operators and Multigrid Solver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the generation of icosahedral hexagonal/pentagonal grids, optimization of the grids, how optimization affects the accuracy of finite-difference Laplacian, Jacobian and divergence operators, and a parallel multigrid solver that ...

Ross P. Heikes; David A. Randall; Celal S. Konor

94

Assessment of high-performance smart metering for the web service enabled smart grid era  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electricity network is undergoing a significant change towards a more adaptive, intelligent, self-managing, collaborative and information-driven grid. According to the smart grid vision, any electronic device connected to it will be able to communicate ...

Stamatis Karnouskos; Per Goncalves da Silva; Dejan Ilic

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A survey of dynamic replication strategies for improving data availability in data grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data grid is a distributed collection of storage and computational resources that are not bounded within a geophysical location. It is a fast growing area of research and providing efficient data access and maximum data availability is a challenging ... Keywords: Data grid, Data replication, Dynamic replication techniques, Replication strategies

Tehmina Amjad; Muhammad Sher; Ali Daud

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

A High-Performance Hybrid Computing Approach to Massive Contingency Analysis in the Power Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operating the electrical power grid to prevent power black-outs is a complex task. An important aspect of this is contingency analysis, which involves understanding and mitigating potential failures in power grid elements such as transmission lines. ... Keywords: hybrid computational systems, middleware, power grid, contingency analysis

Ian Gorton; Zhenyu Huang; Yousu Chen; Benson Kalahar; Shuangshuang Jin; Daniel Chavarría-Miranda; Doug Baxter; John Feo

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructu...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects Electricity...

98

DOE RFP Seeks Projects for Improving Environmental Performance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE RFP Seeks Projects for Improving Environmental Performance of Unconventional Natural Gas Technologies DOE RFP Seeks Projects for Improving Environmental Performance of...

99

Advanced fenestration systems for improved daylight performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of daylight to replace or supplement electric lighting in commercial buildings can result in significant energy and demand savings. High performance fenestration systems area necessary, but not sufficient, element of any successful daylighting design that reduces lighting energy use. However, these savings may be reduced if the fenestration systems impose adverse thermal loads. In this paper, we review the state of the art of several advanced fenestration systems which are designed to maximize the energy-saving potential of daylighting, while improving comfort and visual performance at an "affordable" cost. We first review the key performance issues that successful fenestration systems must address, and then review several classes of fenestration systems intended to meet those performance needs. The systems are reviewed in two categories: static and dynamic. Static systems include not only glazings, such as spectrally-selective and holographic glazings, but specialized designs of light-shelves and light-pipes, while dynamic systems cover automatically-operated Venetian blinds and electrochromic glazings. We include a discussion of the research directions in this area, and how these efforts might lead to static and dynamic hardware and system solutions that fulfill the multiple roles that these systems must play in terms of energy efficiency, comfort, visual performance, health, and amenity in future buildings.

Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

A High Performance Computing Network and System Simulator for the Power Grid: NGNS^2  

SciTech Connect

Designing and planing next generation power grid sys- tems composed of large power distribution networks, monitoring and control networks, autonomous generators and consumers of power requires advanced simulation infrastructures. The objective is to predict and analyze in time the behavior of networks of systems for unexpected events such as loss of connectivity, malicious attacks and power loss scenarios. This ultimately allows one to answer questions such as: “What could happen to the power grid if ...”. We want to be able to answer as many questions as possible in the shortest possible time for the largest possible systems. In this paper we present a new High Performance Computing (HPC) oriented simulation infrastructure named Next Generation Network and System Simulator (NGNS2 ). NGNS2 allows for the distribution of a single simulation among multiple computing elements by using MPI and OpenMP threads. NGNS2 provides extensive configuration, fault tolerant and load balancing capabilities needed to simulate large and dynamic systems for long periods of time. We show the preliminary results of the simulator running approximately two million simulated entities both on a 64-node commodity Infiniband cluster and a 48-core SMP workstation.

Villa, Oreste; Tumeo, Antonino; Ciraci, Selim; Daily, Jeffrey A.; Fuller, Jason C.

2012-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Improving Repository Performance by Using a Fill  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a Fill a Fill Improving Repository Performance by Using a Fill The use of fills, semi-independent of the specific fill material, can improve package performance. The first barrier to prevent releases from the spent nuclear fuel is the waste package itself. The longer the waste package remains intact, the lower the ultimate releases from the spent nuclear fuel. In a typical waste package over half of the interior space is empty space. There are coolant channels in the spent fuel and square fuel assemblies can not fully fill a round waste package. After the package is buried, it will begin to corrode and the walls will thin. Rock falls may cause early failure of the waste package. However, if the package is full, it is more difficult to crush a full package and fail the exterior wall. The behavior of a waste package over time is similar to a soda can. Empty cans are easy to crush. Full, sealed cans are difficult to crush because the fluid inside supports the can.

102

PVWATTS Version 2 - Enhanced Spatial Resolution for Calculating Grid-Connected PV Performance: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PVWATTS Version 2 - PVWATTS Version 2 - Enhanced Spatial Resolution for Calculating Grid-Connected PV Performance Preprint October 2001 * NREL/CP-560-30941 B. Marion, M. Anderberg, R. George, P. Gray-Hann, and D. Heimiller To be presented at the NCPV Program Review Meeting Lakewood, Colorado 14-17 October 2001 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * * * * Battelle * * * * Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-99GO10337. Accordingly, the US Government and MRI retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published

103

An improved known vicinity algorithm based on geometry test for particle localization in arbitrary grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The known vicinity algorithm based on the geometry test for the particle localization problem in the hybrid Eulerian-Lagrangian model was extended and enhanced aiming at the connected grids with convex polygon/polyhedral cells. Such extensions were achieved ... Keywords: 47.55.Ca, 47.55.Kf, 65K10, 76M28, 76T10, Binary search, Eulerian-Lagrangian simulation, Known vicinity algorithm, Particle localization, Unstructured grid

Peng Ke; Shuguang Zhang; Jianghao Wu; Chunxin Yang

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Extreme overbalance perforating improves well performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of extreme overbalance perforating, by Oryx Energy Co., is consistently outperforming the unpredictable, tubing-conveyed, underbalance perforating method which is generally accepted as the industry standard. Successful results reported from more than 60 Oryx Energy wells, applying this technology, support this claim. Oryx began this project in 1990 to address the less-than-predictable performance of underbalanced perforating. The goal was to improve the initial completion efficiency, translating it into higher profits resulting from earlier product sales. This article presents the concept, mechanics, procedures, potential applications and results of perforating using overpressured well bores. The procedure can also be used in wells with existing perforations if an overpressured surge is used. This article highlights some of the case histories that have used these techniques.

Dees, J.M.; Handren, P.J. [Oryx Energy Co., Dallas, TX (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Creating Markets for Green Biofuels: Measuring and improving environmental performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

processes, natural gas for heat, and grid electricity forgas for heat and buy electricity from the grid. However, in

Turner, Brian T.; Plevin, Richard J.; O'Hare, Michael; Farrell, Alexander E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Poster: performance improvements of front tracking package  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computational resources on modern high-performance computers are underutilized mainly due to hardware and software performance bottlenecks. Identification of bottlenecks is primary goal of performance analysis, and performance tools are essential for ... Keywords: CFD simulations, performance analysis

James Glimm; Xiaolin Li; Vitali Morozov; Sameer Shende; Tulin Kaman

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Design and Performance of the Van Geet Off-Grid Home: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Van Geet home near Denver, Colorado, demonstrates the successful integration of energy conservation measures and renewable energy supply in a beautiful, comfortable, energy-efficient, 295-m2 (3,176-ft2) off-grid home in a cold, sunny climate. Features include a tight envelope, energy-efficient appliances, passive solar heating (direct gain and Trombe wall), natural cooling, solar hot water, and photovoltaics. In addition to describing this house and its performance, this paper describes the recommended design process of (1) setting a goal for energy efficiency at the outset, (2) applying rules of thumb, and (3) using computer simulation to fine-tune the design. Performance monitoring and computer simulation are combined for the best possible analysis of energy performance. In this case, energy savings are estimated as 89% heating and cooling, 83% electrical, and nearly 100% domestic water heating. The heating and cooling energy use is 8.96 kJ/Cdaym2 (0.44 Btu/Fdayft2).

Barley, C. D.; Torcellini, P.; Van Geet, O.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

GridLAB-D  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GridLAB-D GridLAB-D 2010 Peer Review Overview * What is GridLAB-D? * Why use GridLAB-D? * How does GridLAB-D work? * How has GridLAB-D been used so far? * What is it expected in the coming year? * Funding and management details GridLAB-D Simulates the Smart Grid Power system models Load models Market models GridLAB-D model unifies keys elements of a Smart Grid  Next generation tool  Integrates models  Smart Grid analysis  Projects  Technologies  Cost/benefits  Business cases  Multi-scale models  Seconds to decades  Links to existing tools  Open source  Contributions from  Government  Industry  Academic  Vendors  Drives need for high performance computers  Vendors can add/extract modules for their own uses 3 Why simulate the smart grid?

109

Intelligent Management of the Power Grid: An Anticipatory, Multi-Agent, High-Performance Computing Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of the Consortium for the Intelligent Management of the Electric Power Grid (CIMEG) is to advance a new approach that uses anticipatory strategies for local, proactive security assessment, defense, and self-healing of the electric power grid. This report describes CIMEG's research activities during 1999.

2000-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

110

Probability-Based Software for Grid Optimization: Improved Power System Operations Using Advanced Stochastic Optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GENI Project: Sandia National Laboratories is working with several commercial and university partners to develop software for market management systems (MMSs) that enable greater use of renewable energy sources throughout the grid. MMSs are used to securely and optimally determine which energy resources should be used to service energy demand across the country. Contributions of electricity to the grid from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar are intermittent, introducing complications for MMSs, which have trouble accommodating the multiple sources of price and supply uncertainties associated with bringing these new types of energy into the grid. Sandia’s software will bring a new, probability-based formulation to account for these uncertainties. By factoring in various probability scenarios for electricity production from renewable energy sources in real time, Sandia’s formula can reduce the risk of inefficient electricity transmission, save ratepayers money, conserve power, and support the future use of renewable energy.

None

2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

111

Methodology to determine the technical performance and value proposition for grid-scale energy storage systems : a study for the DOE energy storage systems program.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the amount of renewable generation increases, the inherent variability of wind and photovoltaic systems must be addressed in order to ensure the continued safe and reliable operation of the nation's electricity grid. Grid-scale energy storage systems are uniquely suited to address the variability of renewable generation and to provide other valuable grid services. The goal of this report is to quantify the technical performance required to provide di erent grid bene ts and to specify the proper techniques for estimating the value of grid-scale energy storage systems.

Byrne, Raymond Harry; Loose, Verne William; Donnelly, Matthew K. [Montana Tech of The University of Montana, Butte, MT; Trudnowski, Daniel J. [Montana Tech of The University of Montana, Butte, MT

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Towards Real-Time High Performance Computing For Power Grid Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Real-time computing has traditionally been considered largely in the context of single-processor and embedded systems, and indeed, the terms real-time computing, embedded systems, and control systems are often mentioned in closely related contexts. However, real-time computing in the context of multinode systems, specifically high-performance, cluster-computing systems, remains relatively unexplored. Imposing real-time constraints on a parallel (cluster) computing environment introduces a variety of challenges with respect to the formal verification of the system's timing properties. In this paper, we give a motivating example to demonstrate the need for such a system--- an application to estimate the electromechanical states of the power grid--- and we introduce a formal method for performing verification of certain temporal properties within a system of parallel processes. We describe our work towards a full real-time implementation of the target application--- namely, our progress towards extracting a key mathematical kernel from the application, the formal process by which we analyze the intricate timing behavior of the processes on the cluster, as well as timing measurements taken on our test cluster to demonstrate use of these concepts.

Hui, Peter SY; Lee, Barry; Chikkagoudar, Satish

2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

113

Learning to improve path planning performance  

SciTech Connect

In robotics, path planning refers to finding a short. collision-free path from an initial robot configuration to a desired configuratioin. It has to be fast to support real-time task-level robot programming. Unfortunately, current planning techniques are still too slow to be effective, as they often require several minutes, if not hours of computation. To remedy this situation, we present and analyze a learning algorithm that uses past experience to increase future performance. The algorithm relies on an existing path planner to provide solutions to difficult tasks. From these solutions, an evolving sparse network of useful robot configurations is learned to support faster planning. More generally, the algorithm provides a speedup-learning framework in which a slow but capable planner may be improved both cost-wise and capability-wise by a faster but less capable planner coupled with experience. The basic algorithm is suitable for stationary environments, and can be extended to accommodate changing environments with on-demand experience repair and object-attached experience abstraction. To analyze the algorithm, we characterize the situations in which the adaptive planner is useful, provide quantitative bounds to predict its behavior, and confirm our theoretical results with experiments in path planning of manipulators. Our algorithm and analysis are sufficiently, general that they may also be applied to other planning domains in which experience is useful.

Chen, Pang C.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Integrated Substation Equipment Risk and Performance Assessment Tool for Asset Management and Smart Grid Implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Risk assessment and risk management are key elements in any well-developed asset management plan, and an increasing number of utility managers are devoting resources to improving their ability to understand and make risk-based decisions. Consequently, there is growing interest in the tools and methodologies required to better assess equipment performance and risk and provide quantitative information to drive asset management decision processes. In addition, risk and performance assessment tools can be in...

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

115

MANGO – Modal Analysis for Grid Operation: A Method for Damping Improvement through Operating Point Adjustment  

SciTech Connect

Small signal stability problems are one of the major threats to grid stability and reliability in the U.S. power grid. An undamped mode can cause large-amplitude oscillations and may result in system breakups and large-scale blackouts. There have been several incidents of system-wide oscillations. Of those incidents, the most notable is the August 10, 1996 western system breakup, a result of undamped system-wide oscillations. Significant efforts have been devoted to monitoring system oscillatory behaviors from measurements in the past 20 years. The deployment of phasor measurement units (PMU) provides high-precision, time-synchronized data needed for detecting oscillation modes. Measurement-based modal analysis, also known as ModeMeter, uses real-time phasor measurements to identify system oscillation modes and their damping. Low damping indicates potential system stability issues. Modal analysis has been demonstrated with phasor measurements to have the capability of estimating system modes from both oscillation signals and ambient data. With more and more phasor measurements available and ModeMeter techniques maturing, there is yet a need for methods to bring modal analysis from monitoring to actions. The methods should be able to associate low damping with grid operating conditions, so operators or automated operation schemes can respond when low damping is observed. The work presented in this report aims to develop such a method and establish a Modal Analysis for Grid Operation (MANGO) procedure to aid grid operation decision making to increase inter-area modal damping. The procedure can provide operation suggestions (such as increasing generation or decreasing load) for mitigating inter-area oscillations.

Huang, Zhenyu; Zhou, Ning; Tuffner, Francis K.; Chen, Yousu; Trudnowski, Daniel J.; Diao, Ruisheng; Fuller, Jason C.; Mittelstadt, William A.; Hauer, John F.; Dagle, Jeffery E.

2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

116

Smart Grid | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Smart Grid Smart Grid Smart Grid Overview Smart Grid refers to electrical grids that automatically gather and communicate information on usage, allowing for remote and automated control to improve efficiency and reliability of the grid. The goals of Smart Grid technology are to allow greater consumer control, reduce pollution, improve reliability, and reduce costs. For a more detailed overview of the Smart Grid, visit the Energy.gov sites below: Smart Grid 2010 Smart Grid Report You can also view a series of short videos to learn more: SmartGrid.gov NOVA - Smart Grid Technology Smart Grid technology employs existing communications and manufacturing technology to automate and integrate the electrical grid. Sensors and meters gather data that is communicated and analyzed, allowing advanced

117

Improving Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for Real-time Data Sharing Title Improving Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for Real-time Data...

118

Building Technologies Office: System Performance Improvements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improvements, were presented in the following sessions: Air Sealing Ventilation (Day 1) Space Conditioning Distribution Foundation Insulation High-R Enclosures Ventilation (Day...

119

Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environment Feature Stories Public Reading Room: Environmental Documents, Reports LANL Home Phonebook Calendar Video About Innovations for a Secure Nation Improving...

120

Nanofluids improve performance of vehicle components | Argonne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are working with two industrial partners to create nanofluids that improve the cooling of power electronics in hybrid electric vehicles. These new coolants can lessen the need for...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

High-performance remote access to climate simulation data: a challenge problem for data grid technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In numerous scientific disciplines, terabyte and soon petabyte-scale data collections are emerging as critical community resources. A new class of Data Grid infrastructure is required to support management, transport, distributed access to, and analysis ...

Bill Allcock; Ian Foster; Veronika Nefedova; Ann Chervenak; Ewa Deelman; Carl Kesselman; Jason Lee; Alex Sim; Arie Shoshani; Bob Drach; Dean Williams

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Performance analysis of a file catalog for the LHC computing grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, needs to produce unprecedented volumes of data when it starts operation in 2007. To provide for its computational needs, the LHC computing grid (LCG) should be deployed ...

J.-P. Baud; J. Casey; S. Lemaitre; C. Nicholson

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

RXIO: Design and implementation of high performance RDMA-capable GridFTP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For its low-latency, high bandwidth, and low CPU utilization, Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) has established itself as an effective data movement technology in many networking environments. However, the transport protocols of grid run-time systems, ...

Yuan Tian; Weikuan Yu; Jeffrey S. Vetter

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Energy Performance Certification of Buildings: A Policy Tool to Improve  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Performance Certification of Buildings: A Policy Tool to Improve Energy Performance Certification of Buildings: A Policy Tool to Improve Energy Efficiency Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Energy Performance Certification of Buildings: A Policy Tool to Improve Energy Efficiency Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.iea.org/papers/pathways/buildings_certification.pdf Energy Performance Certification of Buildings: A Policy Tool to Improve Energy Efficiency Screenshot References: nergy Performance Certification of Buildings[1] Logo: Energy Performance Certification of Buildings: A Policy Tool to Improve Energy Efficiency

125

Can linear approximation improve performance prediction ?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software performance evaluation relies on the ability of simple models to predict the performance of complex systems. Often, however, the models are not capturing potentially relevant effects in system behavior, such as sharing of memory caches or sharing ... Keywords: linear models, performance modeling, resource sharing

Vlastimil Babka; Petr T?ma

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Sootblowing optimization for improved boiler performance  

SciTech Connect

A sootblowing control system that uses predictive models to bridge the gap between sootblower operation and boiler performance goals. The system uses predictive modeling and heuristics (rules) associated with different zones in a boiler to determine an optimal sequence of sootblower operations and achieve boiler performance targets. The system performs the sootblower optimization while observing any operational constraints placed on the sootblowers.

James, John Robert; McDermott, John; Piche, Stephen; Pickard, Fred; Parikh, Neel J

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

127

Sootblowing optimization for improved boiler performance  

SciTech Connect

A sootblowing control system that uses predictive models to bridge the gap between sootblower operation and boiler performance goals. The system uses predictive modeling and heuristics (rules) associated with different zones in a boiler to determine an optimal sequence of sootblower operations and achieve boiler performance targets. The system performs the sootblower optimization while observing any operational constraints placed on the sootblowers.

James, John Robert; McDermott, John; Piche, Stephen; Pickard, Fred; Parikh, Neel J.

2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

128

Improving Safety Performance in an Aluminium Casthouse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 1, 2001 ... TMS Member price: 10.00. Non-member price: 25.00. TMS Student Member price : 10.00. Product In Stock. Description Improving safety ...

129

Improvements in industrial energy performance | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

my money go? Set and Save with ENERGY STAR Product Finder Rebate Finder Store Locator Energy Savings At Home Energy Savings At Home Improving your home's energy efficiency with...

130

A Hierarchy of Network Performance Characteristics for Grid Applications and Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document describes a standard set of network characteristics that are useful for Grid applications and services as well as a classification hierarchy for these characteristics. The goal of this work is to identify the various types of network measurements according to the network characteristic they measure and the network entity on which they are taken. This document defines standard terminology to describe those measurements, but it does not attempt to define new standard measurement methodologies or attempt to define the best measurement methodologies to use for grid applications. However, it does attempt to point out the advantages and disadvantages of different measurement methodologies. This document was motivated by the need for the interchange of measurements taken by various systems in the Grid and to develop a common dictionary to facilitate discussions about and specifications for measurement systems. The application of this naming system will facilitate the creation of common schemata for describing network monitoring data in Grid Monitoring and Discovery Services, and thus help to address portability issues between the wide variety of network measurements used between sites of a Grid.

Lowekamp, B

2004-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

131

Performance improvement of permanent magnet ac motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-phase motors have several advantages over the traditional three-phase motors. In this study, the additional degrees of freedom available in five-phase permanent magnet motors have been used for three purposes: 1) enhancing the torque producing capability of the motor, 2) improving the reliability of the system, and 3) better adjusting of the torque and flux linkages of the five-phase direct torque controlled system. 1) Due to the fact that space and time harmonics of the same orders will contribute positively to output torque, a five-phase permanent magnet motor with quasi-rectangular back-EMF waveform is supplied with combined fundamental and third harmonic of currents. For modeling and analysis of the motor a 0 3 3 1 1 q d q d frame of reference is defined where 1 1q d rotates at the synchronous speed and 3 3q d rotates at the three times synchronous speed. Based on the mathematical model in the 0 3 3 1 1 q d q d frame of reference, it is shown that this system while having a higher torque density with respect to a conventional permanent magnet synchronous machine, is also compatible with vector control algorithm. 2) A resilient current control of the five-phase permanent motor with both sinusoidal and trapezoidal back-EMF waveforms under asymmetrical fault condition is proposed. In this scheme, the stator MMF is kept unchanged during healthy and faulty condition. Therefore, the five-phase permanent magnet motor operates continuously and steadily without additional hardware and just by modifying the control algorithm in case of loss of up to two phases. The feature is of major importance in some specific applications where high reliability is required. 3) High torque and flux ripple are the major drawbacks of a three-phase direct torque controlled system. The number of space voltage vectors directly influences the performance of DTC system. A five-phase drive, while benefiting from other advantages of high order phase drives, has inherently 32 space voltage vectors which permits better flexibility in selecting the switching states and finer adjustment of flux and torque. A sensorless direct torque control of five-phase permanent magnet motor is implemented. Speed information is obtained based on the position of stator flux linkages and load angle. Experiments have been conducted on a 5kW five-phase surface mount permanent magnet motor and a 3kW five-phase interior permanent magnet motor by using TMS320C32 DSP. The results obtained are consistent with theoretical studies and simulation analysis, which further demonstrate the feasibility and practical significance of the five-phase permanent magnet motor drives.

Parsa, Leila

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Improving Cyber-Security of Smart Grid Systems via Anomaly Detection and Linguistic Domain Knowledge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The planned large scale deployment of smart grid network devices will generate a large amount of information exchanged over various types of communication networks. The implementation of these critical systems will require appropriate cyber-security measures. A network anomaly detection solution is considered in this work. In common network architectures multiple communications streams are simultaneously present, making it difficult to build an anomaly detection solution for the entire system. In addition, common anomaly detection algorithms require specification of a sensitivity threshold, which inevitably leads to a tradeoff between false positives and false negatives rates. In order to alleviate these issues, this paper proposes a novel anomaly detection architecture. The designed system applies the previously developed network security cyber-sensor method to individual selected communication streams allowing for learning accurate normal network behavior models. Furthermore, the developed system dynamically adjusts the sensitivity threshold of each anomaly detection algorithm based on domain knowledge about the specific network system. It is proposed to model this domain knowledge using Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Logic rules, which linguistically describe the relationship between various features of the network communication and the possibility of a cyber attack. The proposed method was tested on experimental smart grid system demonstrating enhanced cyber-security.

Ondrej Linda; Todd Vollmer; Milos Manic

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Investigations of grid-connected wind power system : low voltage ride through and power quality issues.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents an investigation on system architecture, control and analysis of wind turbine generators to improve grid integration performance. First of all, the main… (more)

Zhang, Shao.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Identifying cost reduction and performance improvement opportunities through simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During difficult economic times, companies have few positive cost reducing options that simultaneously improve operational performance. This paper addresses how Deloitte Consulting partnered with Simio LLC to model multiple process improvement opportunities ...

J. Ethan Brown; David Sturrock

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Algorithms for improved performance in cryptographic protocols.  

SciTech Connect

Public key cryptographic algorithms provide data authentication and non-repudiation for electronic transmissions. The mathematical nature of the algorithms, however, means they require a significant amount of computation, and encrypted messages and digital signatures possess high bandwidth. Accordingly, there are many environments (e.g. wireless, ad-hoc, remote sensing networks) where public-key requirements are prohibitive and cannot be used. The use of elliptic curves in public-key computations has provided a means by which computations and bandwidth can be somewhat reduced. We report here on the research conducted in an LDRD aimed to find even more efficient algorithms and to make public-key cryptography available to a wider range of computing environments. We improved upon several algorithms, including one for which a patent has been applied. Further we discovered some new problems and relations on which future cryptographic algorithms may be based.

Schroeppel, Richard Crabtree; Beaver, Cheryl Lynn

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

How ENERGY STAR Helps Manufacturers Improve the Energy Performance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ENERGY STAR Helps Manufacturers Improve the Energy Performance of their Operations Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and...

137

Learning from Buildings: Technologies for Measuring, Benchmarking, and Improving Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and P. Price, 2009. “Building Energy Information Systems:2011. Learning from buildings: technologies for measuring,Information to Improve Building Performance: A Study of

Arens, Edward; Brager, Gail; Goins, John; Lehrer, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Intermetallic Electrodes Improve Safety and Performance in Lithium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intermetallic Electrodes Improve Safety and Performance in Lithium-Ion Batteries Technology available for licensing: A new class of intermetallic material that can be used as a...

139

Improving the Health & Performance of Miners Working at Moderate ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cross Pollination between Industry and Engineering Programs/Students in Manitoba · Improving the Health & Performance of Miners Working at Moderate to

140

Request for Information on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Review of Infrastructure Projects: Federal Register Notice Volume 78, No. 168 - August 29, 2013 Request for Information on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Improved Performance of a Fluorescent Blue Organic Light Emitting ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Improved Performance of a Fluorescent Blue Organic Light Emitting Diode with Hole Blocking Materials as Dopants for Transport Layers.

142

Improving boiler performance through operator training  

SciTech Connect

The majority of the technical training in many plant facilities is the self-study type. These courses consist of packaged text materials as well as plant specific lessons. Video-based training is more effective than textbooks alone, and computer interactive training is becoming increasingly popular. Demonstration of technical competence can be conducted in a variety of ways: supervised system check off and verification system walk-throughs; simulator evaluation; written examinations required for promotion; and oral examinations. Boiler operators can be required to demonstrate in a practical way that they can apply the boiler plant theory to actual job performance in the plant. Some classifications may be required to perform a supervised system check off and verification before promotion to the next higher classification. Personnel who operate boilers from a control room or gauge board may be required to successfully complete simulator training and evaluation. All classifications may require successful completion of written and oral examinations before being promoted to the next higher classification.

DeHart, R.M. [Cogentrix Energy, Inc., Charlotte, NC (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

143

Bulk Energy Storage Technologies: Performance Potential, Grid Services, and Cost Expectations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bulk energy storage (BES) can play a valuable role in enhancing grid flexibility for variable generation (VG) integration. Other approaches, such as combustion turbines, over-sizing renewable generation, and over-sizing transmission capacity, do not solve the spectrum of challenges associated with VG integration. Without BES, fossil generators will be operating more at part load with higher emissions, wind spillage rates will tend to rise, and wind plant economics will tend to deteriorate. Given the ...

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

144

Grid computing's future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Outreach programs and usability improvements are drawing many researchers to grid computing from disciplines that have not traditionally used such resources.

Kirk L. Kroeker

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Step-Mountain Technique Applied to an Atmospheric C-Grid Model, or How to Improve Precipitation near Mountains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Starting with Arakawa and Lamb’s second-order C-grid scheme, this paper describes the modifications made to the dynamics to create a C-grid atmospheric model with a variable number of cells for each vertical column. Where mountains exist, grid ...

Gary L. Russell

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Requirements for Defining Utility Drive Cycles: An Exploratory Analysis of Grid Frequency Regulation Data for Establishing Battery Performance Testing Standards  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Battery testing procedures are important for understanding battery performance, including degradation over the life of the battery. Standards are important to provide clear rules and uniformity to an industry. The work described in this report addresses the need for standard battery testing procedures that reflect real-world applications of energy storage systems to provide regulation services to grid operators. This work was motivated by the need to develop Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) testing procedures, or V2G drive cycles. Likewise, the stationary energy storage community is equally interested in standardized testing protocols that reflect real-world grid applications for providing regulation services. As the first of several steps toward standardizing battery testing cycles, this work focused on a statistical analysis of frequency regulation signals from the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnect with the goal to identify patterns in the regulation signal that would be representative of the entire signal as a typical regulation data set. Results from an extensive time-series analysis are discussed, and the results are explained from both the statistical and the battery-testing perspectives. The results then are interpreted in the context of defining a small set of V2G drive cycles for standardization, offering some recommendations for the next steps toward standardizing testing protocols.

Hafen, Ryan P.; Vishwanathan, Vilanyur V.; Subbarao, Krishnappa; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

147

grid file  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST. grid file. (data structure). Definition: A point access method which splits space into a nonperiodic grid. Each spatial ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

148

NREL: Transmission Grid Integration - Grid Simulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid Simulation Grid Simulation NREL's controllable grid interface test system can reduce certification testing time and costs while providing system engineers with a better understanding of how wind turbines react to disturbances on the electric power system. To understand the behavior of wind turbines during grid disturbances, manufacturers and utility grid operators perform a series of tests and transient simulation studies. Utility operators need to estimate how much power wind turbines can provide to help regulate grid frequency. And after design modifications are made to control software, manufacturers may need to retest their turbines. But testing wind turbines in the field can be a lengthy and expensive process. NREL developed the controllable grid interface test system to reduce the

149

Long-term average performance benefits of parabolic trough improvements  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Improved parabolic trough concentrating collectors will result from better design, improved fabrication techniques, and the development and utilization of improved materials. The difficulty of achieving these improvements varies as does their potential for increasing parabolic trough performance. The purpose of this analysis is to quantify the relative merit of various technology advancements in improving the long-term average performance of parabolic trough concentrating collectors. The performance benefits of improvements are determined as a function of operating temperature for north-south, east-west, and polar mounted parabolic troughs. The results are presented graphically to allow a quick determination of the performance merits of particular improvements. Substantial annual energy gains are shown to be attainable. Of the improvements evaluated, the development of stable back-silvered glass reflective surfaces offers the largest performance gain for operating temperatures below 150/sup 0/C. Above 150/sup 0/C, the development of trough receivers that can maintain a vacuum is the most significant potential improvement. The reduction of concentrator slope errors also has a substantial performance benefit at high operating temperatures.

Gee, R.; Gaul, H.W.; Kearney, D.; Rabl, A.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Impacts of Improved Day-Ahead Wind Forecasts on Power Grid Operations: September 2011  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study analyzed the potential benefits of improving the accuracy (reducing the error) of day-ahead wind forecasts on power system operations, assuming that wind forecasts were used for day ahead security constrained unit commitment.

Piwko, R.; Jordan, G.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Superior Energy Performance: A Roadmap for Achieving Continual Improvements in Energy Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Superior Energy Performance: Superior Energy Performance: A Roadmap for Achieving Continual Improvements in Energy Performance March 4, 2010 Joe Almaguer Dow Chemical Paul Scheihing U.S. Department of Energy Agenda: * Superior Energy Performance Overview * Program Design * Program Status and Moving Forward Superior Energy Performance What is Superior Energy Performance? A market-based, ANSI-accredited plant certification program that provides industrial facilities with a roadmap for achieving continual improvement in energy efficiency while boosting competitiveness. Goals: * Drive continual improvement in energy intensity * Develop a transparent system to validate energy intensity improvements and management practices * Encourage broad participation

152

Coordinated resource management for guaranteed high performance and efficient utilization in Lambda-Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, AugustConference on High Performance Computing and Communication (Symposium on High-Performance Computing in an Advanced

Taesombut, Nut

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Improving Energy Use Forecast for Campus Micro-grids using Indirect Indicators Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

] and electricity forms 38% of total energy usage in the US [2]. Adoption of energy- efficient measures in buildings electricity usage and facility improvements with an eye on reducing their energy footprint and power usage costs. Energy analysis modeling of buildings is either based on steady state or dynamic conditions

Prasanna, Viktor K.

154

Long-term average performance benefits of parabolic trough improvements  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Improved parabolic trough concentrating collectors will result from better design, improved fabrication techniques, and the development and utilization of improved materials. This analysis quantifies the relative merit of various technological advancements in improving the long-term average performance of parabolic trough concentrating collectors and presents them graphically as a function of operating temperature for north-south, east-west, and polar mounted parabolic troughs. Substantial annual energy gains (exceeding 50% at 350/sup 0/C) are shown to be attainable with improved parabolic troughs.

Gee, R.; Gaul, H.; Kearney, D.; Rabl, A.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

DOE RFP Seeks Projects for Improving Environmental Performance of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE RFP Seeks Projects for Improving Environmental Performance of DOE RFP Seeks Projects for Improving Environmental Performance of Unconventional Natural Gas Technologies DOE RFP Seeks Projects for Improving Environmental Performance of Unconventional Natural Gas Technologies December 21, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Research projects to study ways for improving the environmental performance of unconventional gas development are being sought by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), a facility of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy. The research opportunity was released in a request for proposals (RFP) issued by NETL's contractor, the Research Partnership to Secure Energy for America (RPSEA), with a deadline of March 6, 2012. A second RFP, focusing on the needs of small oil and natural gas producers, was released

156

Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world LANL statistical tools have helped create Reliability Technology (RT), which increases the overall fraction of productive manufacturing time, or "uptime," for its internal manufacturing lines. April 3, 2012 Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world Reliability Technology (RT) is a comprehensive reliability engineering system developed by P&G to increase the overall fraction of productive manufacturing time, or "uptime" for its internal manufacturing lines. The genesis for the system came from the large amount of runtime data collected on P&G's manufacturing lines, coupled with the Laboratory's

157

Extension of Comment Period on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Extension of Comment Period on Improving Performance of Federal Extension of Comment Period on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects: Federal Register Notice Volume 78, No. 186 - September 25, 2013 Extension of Comment Period on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects: Federal Register Notice Volume 78, No. 186 - September 25, 2013 On August 29, 2013, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) published a Request for Information seeking information on a draft Integrated, Interagency Pre-Application (IIP) Process for significant onshore electric transmission projects requiring Federal authorizations. This notice announces an extension of the public comment period for submitting comments regarding the IIP Process to October 31, 2013. Extension of Comment Period on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting

158

Extension of Comment Period on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Extension of Comment Period on Improving Performance of Federal Extension of Comment Period on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects: Federal Register Notice Volume 78, No. 186 - September 25, 2013 Extension of Comment Period on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects: Federal Register Notice Volume 78, No. 186 - September 25, 2013 On August 29, 2013, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) published a Request for Information seeking information on a draft Integrated, Interagency Pre-Application (IIP) Process for significant onshore electric transmission projects requiring Federal authorizations. This notice announces an extension of the public comment period for submitting comments regarding the IIP Process to October 31, 2013. Extension of Comment Period on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting

159

Improving Real World Efficiency of High Performance Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improving Real World Efficiency of High Performance Buildings Buildings End-Use Energy Efficiency Research www.energy.ca.gov/research/buildings February 2012 The Issue Highperformance buildings efficiency in highperformance buildings, however, are not always realized in practice. Addressing

160

Training Framework to Improve the DOE Performance-Based Culture...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of the Department. Training Framework Improve Performance Responsible Contacts N. Tony Nguyen PROGRAM ANALYST E-mail tony.nguyen@hq.doe.gov Phone 202-586-4533 More Documents &...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Study on the performance improvements of electrical domestic appliance factory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis has two objectives. First, it aims to help TECHSOL electronics domestic appliance measure and analyze its current performance. Secondly, it is aimed to ascertain where a small improvement can result in significant ...

Kasan Hidayat, Andy Darwin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Sharing Smart Grid Experiences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sharing Smart Grid Experiences through Performance Feedback March 31, 2011 DOENETL- DE-FE0004001 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability...

163

Optical interference coatings for improved luminaire performance. Final report  

SciTech Connect

An interior broadbeam HID uplight and an upstream roadway luminaire were developed to demonstrate that optical coated luminaire components can improve the visual effectiveness and energy efficiency of a lighting system. Optical coated reflectors and flat lens covers were very effective in the development of new improved lighting techniques. The coatings reduce reflection and transmission losses, opening the door to new design options for improving lighting performance and saving energy.

Rubins, H.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Privacy Preserving Billing Protocol for Smart Grid.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Smart grid is an advanced electrical grid equipped with communication capability which is utilized to improve the efficiency, reliability, and sustainability of electricity services. Countries… (more)

Artan, William

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Reliability evaluation of smart distribution grids.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The term "Smart Grid" generally refers to a power grid equipped with the advanced technologies dedicated for purposes such as reliability improvement, ease of control… (more)

Kazemi, Shahram

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, in collaboration with the Member Agencies of the Steering Committee (Member Agencies) created under Executive Order 13604 of March 22, 2012, and pursuant to the June 7, 2013 Transmission Presidential Memorandum, is seeking public input on a draft Integrated, Interagency Pre-Application (IIP) Process. The proposed IIP Process is intended to improve interagency and intergovernmental coordination focused on ensuring that project proponents develop and submit accurate and complete information early in the project planning process to facilitate efficient

167

Current performance and potential improvements in solar thermal industrial heat  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A representive current state-of-the-art system using parabolic trough technology was developed using data from a system recently installed in Tehachapi, California. A simulation model was used to estimate the annual energy output from the system at three different insolation locations. Based on discussions with industry personnel and within NREL, we identified a number of technology improvements that offer the potential for increasing the energy performance and reducing the energy-cost of the baseline system. The technology improvements modeled included an evacuated-tube receiver, an antireflective coating on the receiver tube, an improved absorber material, a cleaner reflecting surface, a reflecting surface that can withstand contact cleaning, and two silver reflectors. The properties associated with the improvements were incorporated into the model simulation at the three insolation locations to determine if there were any performance gains. The results showed that there was a potential for a more am 50% improvement in the annual energy delivered by a 2677 m[sup 2] system incorporating a combination of the enumerated technology improvements. We discuss the commercial and technological status of each design improvement and present performance predictions for the trough-design improvements.

Hale, M.J.; Williams, T.; Barker, G.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Current performance and potential improvements in solar thermal industrial heat  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A representive current state-of-the-art system using parabolic trough technology was developed using data from a system recently installed in Tehachapi, California. A simulation model was used to estimate the annual energy output from the system at three different insolation locations. Based on discussions with industry personnel and within NREL, we identified a number of technology improvements that offer the potential for increasing the energy performance and reducing the energy-cost of the baseline system. The technology improvements modeled included an evacuated-tube receiver, an antireflective coating on the receiver tube, an improved absorber material, a cleaner reflecting surface, a reflecting surface that can withstand contact cleaning, and two silver reflectors. The properties associated with the improvements were incorporated into the model simulation at the three insolation locations to determine if there were any performance gains. The results showed that there was a potential for a more am 50% improvement in the annual energy delivered by a 2677 m{sup 2} system incorporating a combination of the enumerated technology improvements. We discuss the commercial and technological status of each design improvement and present performance predictions for the trough-design improvements.

Hale, M.J.; Williams, T.; Barker, G.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Benchmarking and Performance Improvement at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) has initiated a major work process improvement campaign using the tools of formalized benchmarking and streamlining. This paper provides insights into some of the process improvement activities performed at Rocky Flats from November 1995 through December 1996. It reviews the background, motivation, methodology, results, and lessons learned from this ongoing effort. The paper also presents important gains realized through process analysis and improvement including significant cost savings, productivity improvements, and an enhanced understanding of site work processes.

Elliott, C. [Kaiser-Hill Co., LLC, Golden, CO (United States)], Doyle, D. [USDOE Rocky Flats Office, Golden, CO (United States)], Featherman, W.D. [Project Performance Corp., Sterline, VA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

170

Grid Points (GridSampleSet)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... OOF2: The Manual. Grid Points (GridSampleSet). ... Name. Grid Points (GridSampleSet) — Evaluate data on a rectangular grid of points. Synopsis. ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

171

Grid Points (StatGridSampleSet)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... OOF2: The Manual. Grid Points (StatGridSampleSet). ... Name. Grid Points (StatGridSampleSet) — Evaluate data on a rectangular grid of points. ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

172

1st International Workshop on High Performance Computing, Networking and Analytics for the Power Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1st International Workshop on High Performance Computing, Networking and Analytics for the Power Transient Stability" #12;1st International Workshop on High Performance Computing, Networking and Analytics (University of Vermont). "Developing a Dynamic Model of Cascading Failure for High Performance Computing using

173

Smart Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smart Grid. Summary: ... An important question is the extent to which networking protocols can be used in the Smart Grid communications network. ...

2011-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

174

Request for Information on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Information on Improving Performance of Federal Information on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects: Federal Register Notice Volume 78, No. 168 - August 29, 2013 Request for Information on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects: Federal Register Notice Volume 78, No. 168 - August 29, 2013 The Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, in collaboration with the Member Agencies of the Steering Committee (Member Agencies) created under Executive Order 13604 of March 22, 2012, and pursuant to the June 7, 2013 Transmission Presidential Memorandum, is seeking information on a draft Integrated, Interagency Pre-Application (IIP) Process for significant onshore electric transmission projects requiring Federal Authorization(s).

175

Performance and scaling of locally-structured grid methods forpartial differential equations  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we discuss some of the issues in obtaining high performance for block-structured adaptive mesh refinement software for partial differential equations. We show examples in which AMR scales to thousands of processors. We also discuss a number of metrics for performance and scalability that can provide a basis for understanding the advantages and disadvantages of this approach.

Colella, Phillip; Bell, John; Keen, Noel; Ligocki, Terry; Lijewski, Michael; Van Straalen, Brian

2007-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

176

Tenth Nuclear Plant Performance Improvement (NPPI) Seminar Proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains information presented at the Tenth Nuclear Plant Performance Improvement (NPPI) Seminar held July 15-16, 2002, in Saratoga Springs, New York. The biannual seminar -- sponsored by EPRI Plant Support Engineering (PSE), EPRI Plant Performance Enhancement Program (P2EP), and Rochester Gas and Electric -- provided an opportunity for participants to exchange technical information and experience regarding the achievement of the highest possible megawatt electric (MWe) output from nuclear po...

2002-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

177

Biomedical ontology improves biomedical literature clustering performance: a comparison study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Document clustering has been used for better document retrieval and text mining. In this paper, we investigate if a biomedical ontology improves biomedical literature clustering performance in terms of the effectiveness and the scalability. For this ... Keywords: MEDLINE, MeSH, bioinformatics, biomedical literature, biomedical ontology, comparison study, document clustering, document retrieval, information retrieval, text mining

Illhoi Yoo; Xiaohua Hu; Il-Yeol Song

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Nitrogen modification of highly porous carbon for improved supercapacitor performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nitrogen modification of highly porous carbon for improved supercapacitor performance Stephanie L for supercapacitor applications. Surface modification increases the amount of nitrogen by four times when compared elements in highly porous carbon used for electric double-layer supercapacitors.1 These elements modify

Cao, Guozhong

179

Improving the Performance of Creep-Strength-Enhanced Ferritic Steels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

outages, concerns about reliability & safety, more aggressive inspection procedures #12;5 27-April-2011 continue with ASME, boiler manufacturers, and EPRI #12;21 27-April-2011 Improving the Performance of Creep-Strength-Enhanced Ferritic Steels FY2011 Milestones & Status: · Complete tensile testing of selected weldments from temper

180

IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCE CREEP STRENGTH-ENHANCED FERRITIC STEELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCE CREEP STRENGTH-ENHANCED FERRITIC STEELS PI: Michael Santella (ORNL) Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (Japan) BACKGROUND Creep strength-enhanced ferritic steels such as the 9 Cr steel, ASTM A387 Grade 91, have become the key to the realization of increasingly

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Improved Initial Performance of Si Nanoparticles by Surface Oxide Reduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improved Initial Performance of Si Nanoparticles by Surface Oxide Reduction Improved Initial Performance of Si Nanoparticles by Surface Oxide Reduction for Lithium-Ion Battery Application Title Improved Initial Performance of Si Nanoparticles by Surface Oxide Reduction for Lithium-Ion Battery Application Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Xun, Shidi, Xiangyun Song, Michael E. Grass, Daniel K. Roseguo, Z. Liu, Vincent S. Battaglia, and Gao Li Journal Electrochemical Solid-State Letters Volume 14 Start Page A61 Issue 5 Pagination A61-A63 Date Published 02/2001 Keywords Electrochemistry, elemental semiconductors, etching, lithium, nanoparticles, secondary cells, silicon, thermal analysis, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectra Abstract This study characterizes the native oxide layer of Si nanoparticles and evaluates its effect on their performance for Li-ion batteries. x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy were applied to identify the chemical state and morphology of the native oxide layer. Elemental and thermogravimetric analysis were used to estimate the oxide content for the Si samples. Hydrofluoric acid was used to reduce the oxide layer. A correlation between etching time and oxide content was established. The initial electrochemical performances indicate that the reversible capacity of etched Si nanoparticles was enhanced significantly compared with that of the as-received Si sample.

182

Assessing the Performance of LED-Based Flashlights Available in the Kenyan Off-Grid Lighting Market  

SciTech Connect

Low cost rechargeable flashlights that use LED technology are increasingly available in African markets. While LED technology holds promise to provide affordable, high quality lighting services, the widespread dissemination of low quality products may make it difficult to realize this potential. This study includes performance results for three brands of commonly available LED flashlights that were purchased in Kenya in 2009. The performance of the flashlights was evaluated by testing five units for each of the three brands. The tests included measurements of battery capacity, time required to charge the battery, maximum illuminance at one meter, operation time and lux-hours from a fully charged battery, light distribution, and color rendering. All flashlights tested performed well below the manufacturers? rated specifications; the measured battery capacity was 30-50percent lower than the rated capacity and the time required to fully charge the battery was 6-25percent greater than the rated time requirement. Our analysis further shows that within each brand there is considerable variability in each performance indicator. The five samples within a single brand varied from each other by as much as 22percent for battery capacity measurements, 3.6percent for the number of hours required for a full charge, 23percent for maximum initial lux, 38percent for run time, 11percent for light distribution and by as much as 200percent for color rendering. Results obtained are useful for creating a framework for quality assurance of off-grid LED products and will be valuable for informing consumers, distributors and product manufacturers about product performance.

Tracy, Jennifer; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

2010-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

183

Coplanar interdigitated grid detector with single electrode readout  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The coplanar interdigitated grid technique with single electrode readout provides substantial spectral performance improvement over that of conventional full-area planar electrode detectors and over coplanar interdigitated grid detectors which measure the difference between the induced charge signals from two interdigitated coplanar grid electrodes. The signal from only one interdigitated grid electrode is read out. The signal response is optimized by changing the relative areas of the two grid electrodes and the bias applied across the detector. Only one preamplifier is needed and signal subtraction is not necessary. This eliminates the electronic noise contribution from the additional preamplifier used in the normal coplanar grid implementation, and conventional single-amplifier detector electronics can be used.

Luke, Paul N. (Castro Valley, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

DOE Grids Service Transition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Grids Service Transition DOE Grids Service Transition Services Overview ECS Audio/Video Conferencing Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools (perfSONAR) ESnet OID Registry PGP Key Service Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) DOE Grids Service Transition Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net DOE Grids Service Transition Background ESnet has decided to transition support and management for the certificate services provided by the DOE Grids public key infrastructure (PKI) to the Open Sciences Grid (OSG). OSG and ESnet provide service to many of the same user communities, and have long been collaborators in the areas of identity

185

New MEA Materials for Improved DMFC Performance, Durability and Cost  

SciTech Connect

Abstract Project Title: New MEA Materials for Improved DMFC Performance, Durability and Cost The University of North Florida (UNF)--with project partners the University of Florida, Northeastern University, and Johnson Matthey--has recently completed the Department of Energy (DOE) project entitled “New MEA Materials for Improved DMFC Performance, Durability and Cost”. The primary objective of the project was to advance portable fuel cell MEA technology towards the commercial targets as laid out in the DOE R&D roadmap by developing a passive water recovery MEA (membrane electrode assembly). Developers at the University of North Florida identified water management components as an insurmountable barrier to achieving the required system size and weight necessary to achieve the energy density requirements of small portable power applications. UNF developed an innovative “passive water recovery” MEA for direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC) which provides a path to system simplification and optimization. The passive water recovery MEA incorporates a hydrophobic, porous, barrier layer within the cathode electrode, so that capillary pressure forces the water produced at the cathode through holes in the membrane and back to the anode. By directly transferring the water from the cathode to the anode, the balance of plant is very much simplified and the need for heavy, bulky water recovery components is eliminated. At the heart of the passive water recovery MEA is the UNF DM-1 membrane that utilizes a hydrocarbon structure to optimize performance in a DMFC system. The membrane has inherent performance advantages, such as a low methanol crossover (high overall efficiency), while maintaining a high proton conductivity (good electrochemical efficiency) when compared to perfluorinated sulfonic acid membranes such as Nafion. Critically, the membrane provides an extremely low electro-osmotic drag coefficient of approximately one water molecule per proton (versus the 2-3 for Nafion) that minimizes flooding issues at the cathode, which often fatally limit open cathode MEA performance. During this successfully completed DOE program the project team met all of the project goals. The team built and tested over 1,500 MEAs with a wide range of different manufacturing chemistries and process conditions. This project demonstrated that the UNF MEA design could be fabricated with a high degree of reproducibility and repeatability. Some specific achievements include: • Durability - The UNF MEA has demonstrated over 11,000 hours continuous operation in a short stack configuration. The root cause of an off-state degradation issue was successfully mitigated by modifying the manufacturing process by changing the wetting agents used in the catalyst printing. The stability of the anode electrode was increased by replacing the anode electrodes with a stabilized PtRu/C catalyst. The overall degradation rate was significantly reduced through optimization of the MEA operating conditions. • Performance - The project team optimized the performance of the critical MEA sub-components. By increasing the membrane thickness, the methanol crossover was reduced, thereby increasing the fuel utilization efficiency without sacrificing any electrochemical performance. The reduction in methanol crossover increased the fuel utilization efficiency from 78% to over 90%. The liquid barrier layer was optimized to provide improved reproducibility, thereby improving stack voltage uniformity and reliability. Additionally the barrier layer water permeability was lowered without sacrificing any power density, thereby enabling increased operating temperature. Improvements in the cathode catalyst selection and coating provided an additional 10% to 20% improvement in the MEA performance at the target operating range. • Cost - Commercially scalable processes were developed for all of the critical MEA components which led to improved yields and lower overall manufacturing costs. Furthermore, significant steps have been made in improving the process control, which increases MEA

Fletcher, James H. [University of North Florida; Campbell, Joseph L. [University of North Florida; Cox, Philip [University of North Florida; Harrington, William J. [University of North Florida

2013-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

186

New MEA Materials for Improved DMFC Performance, Durability and Cost  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Project Title: New MEA Materials for Improved DMFC Performance, Durability and Cost The University of North Florida (UNF)--with project partners the University of Florida, Northeastern University, and Johnson Matthey--has recently completed the Department of Energy (DOE) project entitled “New MEA Materials for Improved DMFC Performance, Durability and Cost”. The primary objective of the project was to advance portable fuel cell MEA technology towards the commercial targets as laid out in the DOE R&D roadmap by developing a passive water recovery MEA (membrane electrode assembly). Developers at the University of North Florida identified water management components as an insurmountable barrier to achieving the required system size and weight necessary to achieve the energy density requirements of small portable power applications. UNF developed an innovative “passive water recovery” MEA for direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC) which provides a path to system simplification and optimization. The passive water recovery MEA incorporates a hydrophobic, porous, barrier layer within the cathode electrode, so that capillary pressure forces the water produced at the cathode through holes in the membrane and back to the anode. By directly transferring the water from the cathode to the anode, the balance of plant is very much simplified and the need for heavy, bulky water recovery components is eliminated. At the heart of the passive water recovery MEA is the UNF DM-1 membrane that utilizes a hydrocarbon structure to optimize performance in a DMFC system. The membrane has inherent performance advantages, such as a low methanol crossover (high overall efficiency), while maintaining a high proton conductivity (good electrochemical efficiency) when compared to perfluorinated sulfonic acid membranes such as Nafion. Critically, the membrane provides an extremely low electro-osmotic drag coefficient of approximately one water molecule per proton (versus the 2-3 for Nafion) that minimizes flooding issues at the cathode, which often fatally limit open cathode MEA performance. During this successfully completed DOE program the project team met all of the project goals. The team built and tested over 1,500 MEAs with a wide range of different manufacturing chemistries and process conditions. This project demonstrated that the UNF MEA design could be fabricated with a high degree of reproducibility and repeatability. Some specific achievements include: • Durability - The UNF MEA has demonstrated over 11,000 hours continuous operation in a short stack configuration. The root cause of an off-state degradation issue was successfully mitigated by modifying the manufacturing process by changing the wetting agents used in the catalyst printing. The stability of the anode electrode was increased by replacing the anode electrodes with a stabilized PtRu/C catalyst. The overall degradation rate was significantly reduced through optimization of the MEA operating conditions. • Performance - The project team optimized the performance of the critical MEA sub-components. By increasing the membrane thickness, the methanol crossover was reduced, thereby increasing the fuel utilization efficiency without sacrificing any electrochemical performance. The reduction in methanol crossover increased the fuel utilization efficiency from 78% to over 90%. The liquid barrier layer was optimized to provide improved reproducibility, thereby improving stack voltage uniformity and reliability. Additionally the barrier layer water permeability was lowered without sacrificing any power density, thereby enabling increased operating temperature. Improvements in the cathode catalyst selection and coating provided an additional 10% to 20% improvement in the MEA performance at the target operating range. • Cost - Commercially scalable processes were developed for all of the critical MEA components which led to improved yields and lower overall manufacturing costs. Furthermore, significant steps have been made in improving the process control, which increases MEA

Fletcher, James H. [University of North Florida; Campbell, Joseph L. [University of North Florida; Cox, Philip [University of North Florida; Harrington, William J. [University of North Florida

2013-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

187

Performance of a grid connected residential photovoltaic system with energy storage  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1995, Salt River Project (SRP), a public power utility located in Phoenix, Arizona, collaborated with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) to initiate a photovoltaic (PV) power system with battery energy storage to match PV output with residential customer peak energy demand periods. The PV power system, a 2.4kW PV array with 25.2kWh of energy storage, was designed and installed by Southwest Technology Development Institute (SWTDI) at an SRP-owned facility, known as the Chandler Research House during August 1995. This paper presents an overview of the system design, operation and performance. 3 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Palomino, G.E. [SRP, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Wiles, J. [Southwest Technology Development Institute, Las Cruces, NM (United States); Stevens, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Goodman, F. [EPRI, Palo Alto, CA (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Investigation of the Technical and Economic Feasibility of Micro-Grid Based Power Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The power industry began as micro-grids, small power systems unconnected to a bulk power system. Today, because of the advent of new distributed resource technologies, better control systems, the need for improved distribution system performance, and various constraints associated with continued expansion of the traditional bulk power system, there is new interest in returning to micro-grid approaches for some applications. The new micro-grids of the 21st century can perform much better than the early 20...

2001-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

189

Smart Grid | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Smart Grid Smart Grid Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 16 August, 2013 - 12:21 New report from White House outlines largest problems facing United States energy grid energy grid OpenEI President Smart Grid United States White House Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 15 August, 2013 - 09:09 DOE Report Describes Progress in the Deployment of Synchrophasor Technologies for Improved Grid Operations OpenEI PMU recovery act SGIG Smart Grid Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 15 March, 2013 - 10:23 Quarterly Smart Grid Data available for download on OpenEI data download OpenEI quarterly Smart Grid Smartgrid.gov SmartGrid.gov is a resource for information about the Smart Grid and government-sponsored Smart Grid projects. The information on SmartGrid.gov

190

Improving Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for Real-time Data Sharing Title Improving Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for Real-time Data Sharing Publication Type Conference Proceedings LBNL Report Number LBNL-6303E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Pang, Xiufeng, Tianzhen Hong, and Mary Ann Piette Date Published 05/2013 Keywords building performance, energy efficiency, energy modeling, optimal operation, urban scale. Abstract This paper describes work in progress toward an urban-scale system aiming to reduce energy use in neighboring buildings by providing three components: a database for accessing past and present weather data from high quality weather stations; a network for communicating energy-saving strategies between building owners; and a set of modeling tools for real-time building energy simulation.

191

Improving Repository Performance by Using DU Dioxide Fill  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DU Dioxide Fill DU Dioxide Fill Improving Repository Performance by Using DU Dioxide Fill Fills may improve repository performance by acting as sacrificial materials, which delay the degradation of SNF uranium dioxide. Because fill and SNF have the same chemical form of uranium (uranium dioxide), the DU dioxide in a repository is the only fill which has the same behavior as that of the SNF. In the natural environment, some uranium ore deposits have remained intact for very long periods of time. The outer parts of the ore deposit degrade while the inner parts of the deposit are protected. The same approach is proposed herein for protecting SNF. The application could use half or more of the DU inventory in the United States. Behavior of Uranium and Potential Behavior of a Waste Package with SNF and Fill

192

Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land Model April 3, 2013 The important relationships between climate change and agriculture are uncertain, particularly the feedbacks related to the carbon cycle. Nevertheless, vegetation models have not yet considered the full impacts of management practices and nitrogen feedbacks on the carbon cycle. We are working to meet this need. We have integrated three crop types (corn, soybean, and spring wheat) into the Community Land Model (CLM). In developing the agriculture version of CLM, we added plant processes related to management practices and nitrogen cycling. A manuscript documenting our changes to CLM has been accepted for publication in Geoscientific Model Development Discussions ("Modeling

193

Grid Integration  

SciTech Connect

Summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its grid integration subprogram.

Not Available

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

grid drawing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST. grid drawing. (definition). Definition: A graph drawing in which each vertex is represented by a point with integer coordinates. ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

195

Improving Building Energy System Performance by Continuous Commissioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The term Continuous Commissioning (CC) was first used by engineers at the Energy Systems Lab (ESL) at Texas A&M University to describe an ongoing process which improves the operation of buildings using measured hourly energy use and environmental data. The first buildings to undergo a continuous commissioning process were in the Texas LoanSTAR program [Liu, et al, 1994, Claridge, et al, 1994]. These buildings had been retrofitted with various energy efficiency improvements, and measured hourly data were available to verify that the retrofits were performing as desired, and to analyze the overall building performance. The ESL engineers, using hourly data, site visits, and ESL-developed software [Liu and Claridge 1995], then worked with the facility engineers to fine-tune the building operation. These efforts were so successful that another 15 to 30% of the annual building energy cost was saved ~ and these were in buildings that supposedly had all cost effective retrofits and operating improvements already implemented [Liu 1996].

Turner, W. D.; Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.; Haberl, J. S.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

BigHorn Home Improvement Center Energy Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The BigHorn Development Project, located in Silverthorne, Colorado, is one of the nation's first commercial building projects to integrate extensive high-performance design into a retail space. The BigHorn Home Improvement Center, completed in the spring of 2000, is a 42,366-ft2 (3,936 m2) hardware store, warehouse, and lumberyard. The authors were brought in at the design stage of the project to provide research-level guidance to apply an integrated design process and perform a postoccupancy evaluation. An aggressive energy design goal of 60% energy cost saving was set early in the process, which focused the efforts of the design team and provided a goal for measuring the success of the project. The extensive use of natural light, combined with energy-efficient electrical lighting design, provides good illumination and excellent energy savings. The reduced lighting loads, management of solar gains, and cool climate allow natural ventilation to meet the cooling loads. A hydronic radiant floor system, gas-fired radiant heaters, and a transpired solar collector deliver heat. An 8.9-kW roof-integrated photovoltaic (PV) system offsets a portion of the electricity. After construction, the authors installed monitoring equipment to collect energy performance data and analyzed the building's energy performance for two and one-half years. The authors also helped program the building controls and provided recommendations for improving operating efficiency. The building shows an estimated 53% energy cost saving and a 54% source energy saving. These savings were determined with whole-building energy simulations that were calibrated with measured data. This paper discusses lessons learned related to the design process, the daylighting performance, the PV system, and the heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning system.

Deru, M.; Pless, S. D.; Torcellini, P. A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

MAGNETIC GRID  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electronic grid is designed employing magnetic forces for controlling the passage of charged particles. The grid is particularly applicable to use in gas-filled tubes such as ignitrons. thyratrons, etc., since the magnetic grid action is impartial to the polarity of the charged particles and, accordingly. the sheath effects encountered with electrostatic grids are not present. The grid comprises a conductor having sections spaced apart and extending in substantially opposite directions in the same plane, the ends of the conductor being adapted for connection to a current source.

Post, R.F.

1960-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Feed-Pump Hydraulic Performance and Design Improvement, Phase I:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Feed-Pump Hydraulic Performance Feed-Pump Hydraulic Performance and Design Improvement, Phase I: J2esearch Program Design Volume 2 EPRI EPRI CS-2323 Volume 2 Project 1884-6 Final Report March 1982 Keywords: Feed Pumps Feed Pump Reliability Feed Pump Hydraulics Feed Pump Design Feed Pump Research Feed Pump Specifications Prepared by Borg-Warner Corporation (Byron Jackson Pump Division and Borg-Warner Research Center) Carson, California and Massa^ f Technology Cambri__ . s ,-T. a a *a_^"nt.- ji^, w « ' jm.m ^j.^M\MMMim^mjii'mmmjmiiiimm\i- " I E CT R I C P 0 W E R R E S E A R C H I N ST ITO T E DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency Thereof, nor any of their employees,

199

Improve Performance and Reduce Cost of Any Lithium-Ion Battery  

TM Microstructured components for high-performance lithium batteries www.porouspower.com Symmetrix™ - Improve Performance & Reduce Cost of Any ...

200

Plasma Aerodynamic Control Effectors for Improved Wind Turbine Performance  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Orbital Research Inc is developing an innovative Plasma Aerodynamic Control Effectors (PACE) technology for improved performance of wind turbines. The PACE system is aimed towards the design of "smart" rotor blades to enhance energy capture and reduce aerodynamic loading and noise using flow-control. The PACE system will provide ability to change aerodynamic loads and pitch distribution across the wind turbine blade without any moving surfaces. Additional benefits of the PACE system include reduced blade structure weight and complexity that should translate into a substantially reduced initial cost. During the Phase I program, the ORI-UND Team demonstrated (proof-of-concept) performance improvements on select rotor blade designs using PACE concepts. Control of both 2-D and 3-D flows were demonstrated. An analytical study was conducted to estimate control requirements for the PACE system to maintain control during wind gusts. Finally, independent laboratory experiments were conducted to identify promising dielectric materials for the plasma actuator, and to examine environmental effects (water and dust) on the plasma actuator operation. The proposed PACE system will be capable of capturing additional energy, and reducing aerodynamic loading and noise on wind turbines. Supplementary benefits from the PACE system include reduced blade structure weight and complexity that translates into reduced initial capital costs.

Mehul P. Patel; Srikanth Vasudevan; Robert C. Nelson; Thomas C. Corke

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Improving Emergency Response and Human-Robotic Performance  

SciTech Connect

Preparedness for chemical, biological, and radiological/nuclear incidents at nuclear power plants (NPPs) includes the deployment of well trained emergency response teams. While teams are expected to do well, data from other domains suggests that the timeliness and accuracy associated with incident response can be improved through collaborative human-robotic interaction. Many incident response scenarios call for multiple, complex procedure-based activities performed by personnel wearing cumbersome personal protective equipment (PPE) and operating under high levels of stress and workload. While robotic assistance is postulated to reduce workload and exposure, limitations associated with communications and the robot’s ability to act independently have served to limit reliability and reduce our potential to exploit human –robotic interaction and efficacy of response. Recent work at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) on expanding robot capability has the potential to improve human-system response during disaster management and recovery. Specifically, increasing the range of higher level robot behaviors such as autonomous navigation and mapping, evolving new abstractions for sensor and control data, and developing metaphors for operator control have the potential to improve state-of-the-art in incident response. This paper discusses these issues and reports on experiments underway intelligence residing on the robot to enhance emergency response.

David I. Gertman; David J. Bruemmer; R. Scott Hartley

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Cloud Computing for the Grid: GridControl: A Software Platform to Support the Smart Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GENI Project: Cornell University is creating a new software platform for grid operators called GridControl that will utilize cloud computing to more efficiently control the grid. In a cloud computing system, there are minimal hardware and software demands on users. The user can tap into a network of computers that is housed elsewhere (the cloud) and the network runs computer applications for the user. The user only needs interface software to access all of the cloud’s data resources, which can be as simple as a web browser. Cloud computing can reduce costs, facilitate innovation through sharing, empower users, and improve the overall reliability of a dispersed system. Cornell’s GridControl will focus on 4 elements: delivering the state of the grid to users quickly and reliably; building networked, scalable grid-control software; tailoring services to emerging smart grid uses; and simulating smart grid behavior under various conditions.

None

2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

203

Sustainable Disposal Cell Covers: Legacy Management Practices, Improvements, and Long-Term Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Sustainable Disposal Cell Covers: Legacy Management Practices, Improvements, and Long-Term Performance

204

IMPROVING CONSISTENCY OF PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENTS IN THE DOE COMPLEX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The low-level waste (LLW) performance assessment (PA) process has been traditionally focused on disposal facilities at a few United States Department of Energy (USDOE) sites and commercial disposal facilities. In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in the scope of the use of PA-like modeling approaches, involving multiple activities, facilities, contractors and regulators. The scope now includes, for example: (1) National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) assessments, (2) CERCLA disposal cells, (3) Waste Determinations and High-Level Waste (HLW) Closure activities, (4) Potential on-site disposal of Transuranic (TRU) waste, and (5) In-situ decommissioning (including potential use of existing facilities for disposal). The dramatic increase in the variety of activities requiring more detailed modeling has resulted in a similar increase in the potential for inconsistency in approaches both at a site and complexwide scale. This paper includes a summary of USDOE Environmental Management (EM) sponsored initiatives and activities for improved consistency. New initiatives entitled the Performance Assessment Community of Practice and Performance Assessment Assistance Team are also introduced.

Seitz, R; Elmer Wilhite, E

2009-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

205

Grid Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sinnott,R.O. National Centre for e-Social Science book, Grid Computing: Technology, Service and Application, CRC Press, November 2008.

Sinnott, R.O.

206

Smart Grid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* EV Charging Project * Smart Grid Projects * Video * Image Gallery Student Competitions Technology Analysis Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Working With...

207

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IMPROVING PERFORMANCE OF A FAST REACTOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A specific arrangement of the fertile material and fissionable material in the active portion of a fast reactor to achieve improvement in performance and to effectively lower the operating temperatures in the center of the reactor is described. According to this invention a group of fuel elements containing fissionable material are assembled to form a hollow fuel core. Elements containing a fertile material, such as depleted uranium, are inserted into the interior of the fuel core to form a central blanket. Additional elemenis of fertile material are arranged about the fuel core to form outer blankets which in tunn are surrounded by a reflector. This arrangement of fuel core and blankets results in substantial flattening of the flux pattern.

Koch, L.J.

1959-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

208

Development of improved performance refractory liner materials for slagging gasifiers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Refractory liners for slagging gasifiers used in power generation, chemical production, or as a possible future source of hydrogen for a hydrogen based economy, suffer from a short service life. These liner materials are made of high Cr2O3 and lower levels of Al2O3 and/or ZrO2. As a working face lining in the gasifier, refractories are exposed to molten slags at elevated temperature that originate from ash in the carbon feedstock, including coal and/or petroleum coke. The molten slag causes refractory failure by corrosion dissolution and by spalling. The Albany Research Center is working to improve the performance of Cr2O3 refractories and to develop refractories without Cr2O3 or with Cr2O3 content under 30 wt pct. Research on high Cr2O3 materials has resulted in an improved refractory with phosphate additions that is undergoing field testing. Results to date of field trials, along with research direction on refractories with no or low Cr2O3, will be discussed.

Kwong, Kyei-Sing; Bennett, James P.; Powell, Cynthia; Thomas, Hugh; Krabbe, Rick

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

High Performance Healthcare Buildings: A Roadmap to Improved Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Roadmap to Improved Energy Efficiency iii 11-Sept-2009 ListA Roadmap to Improved Energy Efficiency 11-Sept-2009 Topic /A Roadmap to Improved Energy Efficiency 11-Sept-2009 Topic /

Singer, Brett C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Improved Performance of Red Mud Settlers at Worsley Alumina  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improvement of Product Quality in Circulating Fluidized Bed Calcination · New Polymers for Improved Flocculation of High DSP-Containing Muds · Reduction ...

211

A 24-h forecast of solar irradiance using artificial neural network: Application for performance prediction of a grid-connected PV plant at Trieste, Italy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forecasting of solar irradiance is in general significant for planning the operations of power plants which convert renewable energies into electricity. In particular, the possibility to predict the solar irradiance (up to 24 h or even more) can became - with reference to the Grid Connected Photovoltaic Plants (GCPV) - fundamental in making power dispatching plans and - with reference to stand alone and hybrid systems - also a useful reference for improving the control algorithms of charge controllers. In this paper, a practical method for solar irradiance forecast using artificial neural network (ANN) is presented. The proposed Multilayer Perceptron MLP-model makes it possible to forecast the solar irradiance on a base of 24 h using the present values of the mean daily solar irradiance and air temperature. An experimental database of solar irradiance and air temperature data (from July 1st 2008 to May 23rd 2009 and from November 23rd 2009 to January 24th 2010) has been used. The database has been collected in Trieste (latitude 45 40'N, longitude 13 46'E), Italy. In order to check the generalization capability of the MLP-forecaster, a K-fold cross-validation was carried out. The results indicate that the proposed model performs well, while the correlation coefficient is in the range 98-99% for sunny days and 94-96% for cloudy days. As an application, the comparison between the forecasted one and the energy produced by the GCPV plant installed on the rooftop of the municipality of Trieste shows the goodness of the proposed model. (author)

Mellit, Adel [Department of Electronics, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, LAMEL, Jijel University, Ouled-aissa, P.O. Box 98, Jijel 18000 (Algeria); Pavan, Alessandro Massi [Department of Materials and Natural Resources, University of Trieste Via A. Valerio, 2 - 34127 Trieste (Italy)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

COOLING FAN AND SYSTEM PERFORMANCE AND EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upcoming emissions regulations (Tiers 3, 4a and 4b) are imposing significantly higher heat loads on the cooling system than lesser regulated machines. This work was a suite of tasks aimed at reducing the parasitic losses of the cooling system, or improving the design process through six distinct tasks: 1. Develop an axial fan that will provide more airflow, with less input power and less noise. The initial plan was to use Genetic Algorithms to do an automated fan design, incorporating forward sweep for low noise. First and second generation concepts could not meet either performance or sound goals. An experienced turbomachinery designer, using a specialized CFD analysis program has taken over the design and has been able to demonstrate a 5% flow improvement (vs 10% goal) and 10% efficiency improvement (vs 10% goal) using blade twist only. 2. Fan shroud developments, using an 'aeroshroud' concept developed at Michigan State University. Performance testing at Michigan State University showed the design is capable of meeting the goal of a 10% increase in flow, but over a very narrow operating range of fan performance. The goal of 10% increase in fan efficiency was not met. Fan noise was reduced from 0 to 2dB, vs. a goal of 5dB at constant airflow. The narrow range of fan operating conditions affected by the aeroshroud makes this concept unattractive for further development at this time 3. Improved axial fan system modeling is needed to accommodate the numbers of cooling systems to be redesigned to meet lower emissions requirements. A CFD fan system modeling guide has been completed and transferred to design engineers. Current, uncontrolled modeling practices produce flow estimates in some cases within 5% of measured values, and in some cases within 25% of measured values. The techniques in the modeling guide reduced variability to the goal of + 5% for the case under study. 4. Demonstrate the performance and design versatility of a high performance fan. A 'swept blade mixed flow' fan was rapid prototyped from cast aluminum for a performance demonstration on a small construction machine. The fan was mounted directly in place of the conventional fan (relatively close to the engine). The goal was to provide equal airflow at constant fan speed, with 75% of the input power and 5 dB quieter than the conventional fan. The result was a significant loss in flow with the prototype due to its sensitivity to downstream blockage. This sensitivity to downstream blockage affects flow, efficiency, and noise all negatively, and further development was terminated. 5. Develop a high efficiency variable speed fan drive to replace existing slipping clutch style fan drives. The goal for this task was to provide a continuously variable speed fan drive with an efficiency of 95%+ at max speed, and losses no greater than at max speed as the fan speed would vary throughout its entire speed range. The process developed to quantify the fuel savings potential of a variable speed fan drive has produced a simple tool to predict the fuel savings of a variable speed drive, and has sparked significant interest in the use of variable speed fan drive for Tier 3 emissions compliant machines. The proposed dual ratio slipping clutch variable speed fan drive can provide a more efficient system than a conventional single ratio slipping clutch fan drive, but could not meet the established performance goals of this task, so this task was halted in a gate review prior to the start of detailed design. 6. Develop a cooling system air filtration device to allow the use of automotive style high performance heat exchangers currently in off road machines. The goal of this task was to provide a radiator air filtration system that could allow high fin density, louvered radiators to operate in a find dust application with the same resistance to fouling as a current production off-road radiator design. Initial sensitivity testing demonstrated that fan speed has a significant impact on the fouling of radiator cores due to fine dusts, so machines equipped with continuously variabl

Ronald Dupree

2005-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

213

Recovery Act: Electrochromic Glazing Technology: Improved Performance, Lower Price  

SciTech Connect

The growing dependency of the US on energy imports and anticipated further increases in energy prices reinforce the concerns about meeting the energy demand in the future and one element of a secure energy future is conservation. It is estimated that the buildings sector represents 40% of the US's total energy consumption. And buildings produce as much as one third of the greenhouse gas emissions primarily through fossil fuel usage during their operational phase. A significant fraction of this energy usage is simply due to inefficient window technology. Electrochromic (EC) windows allow electronic control of their optical properties so that the transparency to light can be adjusted from clear to dark. This ability to control the amount of solar energy allowed into the building can be advantageously used to minimize lighting, heating and air conditioning costs. Currently, the penetration of EC windows into the marketplace is extremely small, and consequently there is a huge opportunity for energy savings if this market can be expanded. In order to increase the potential energy savings it is necessary to increase the quantity of EC windows in operation. Additionally, any incremental improvement in the energy performance of each window will add to the potential energy savings. The overall goals of this project were therefore to improve the energy performance and lower the cost of dynamic (EC) smart windows for residential and commercial building applications. This project is obviously of benefit to the public by addressing two major areas: lowering the cost and improving the energy performance of EC glazings. The high level goals for these activities were: (i) to improve the range between the clear and the tinted state, (ii) reduce the price of EC windows by utilizing lower cost materials, (iii) lowering the U-Value1 SAGE Electrochromics Inc. is the only company in the US which has a track record of producing EC windows, and presently has a small operational factory in Faribault MN which is shipping products throughout the world. There is a much larger factory currently under construction close by. This project was targeted specifically to address the issues outlined above, with a view to implementation on the new high volume manufacturing facility. Each of the Tasks which were addressed in this project is relatively straightforward to implement in this new facility and so the benefits of the work will be realized quickly. , and (iv) ensure the proposed changes have no detrimental effect to the proven durability of the window. The research described here has helped to understand and provide solutions to several interesting and previously unresolved issues of the technology as well as make progress in areas which will have a significant impact on energy saving. In particular several materials improvements have been made, and tasks related to throughput and yield improvements have been completed. All of this has been accomplished without any detrimental effect on the proven durability of the SageGlass EC device. The project was divided into four main areas: 1. Improvement of the Properties of the EC device by material enhancements (Task 2); 2. Reduce the cost of production by improving the efficiency and yields of some key manufacturing processes (Task 3); 3. Further reduce the cost by significant modifications to the structure of the device (Task 4); 4. Ensure the durability of the EC device is not affected by any of the changes resulting from these activities (Task 5). A detailed description of the activities carried out in these areas is given in the following report, along with the aims and goals of the work. We will see that we have completed Tasks 2 and 3 fully, and the durability of the resulting device structure has been unaffected. Some of Task 4 was not carried out because of difficulties with integrating the installation of the required targets into the production coater due to external constraints not related to this project. We will also see that the durability of the devices produced as a result of this work was

Burdis, Mark; Sbar, Neil

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

214

Improving Indoor Environmental Quality and Energy Performance of Modular  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Indoor Environmental Quality and Energy Performance of Modular Indoor Environmental Quality and Energy Performance of Modular Classroom HVAC Systems Title Improving Indoor Environmental Quality and Energy Performance of Modular Classroom HVAC Systems Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2005 Authors Apte, Michael G., Michael Spears, Chi-Ming Lai, and Derek G. Shendell Conference Name Proceedings of Sustainable Buildings 2005 Conference Pagination 1432-1437 Conference Location Tokyo, Japan, September 27-29, 2005 Abstract The factory-built relocatable classroom (RC) is a dominant force in the school facility construction industry in the United States (U.S.) and elsewhere. It is estimated that there are approximately 650,000 RCs currently occupied in the U.S., housing about 16 million students. RCs receive public attention due to complaints about poor indoor environmental quality (IEQ). Both measured data and anecdotal evidence in California have suggested excessive acoustical noise from heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment as a central factor leading to degraded IEQ. In the U.S., RCs are typically equipped with unitary exterior wall-mount HVAC systems, and interior acoustical noise due to structural and airborne transmission can reach levels of about 58dB(A) with compressor cycling, under unoccupied conditions. Due to these noise levels teachers often simply choose to turn off the HVAC, leading to inadequate ventilation, as well as poor thermal conditioning, and thus to poor indoor air quality. Elevated levels of carbon dioxide and volatile organic compounds including formaldehyde are common. We discuss the acoustic component of our efforts to develop and test energy efficient HVAC systems that address the ventilation, controls, and acoustic requirements necessary to ensure high quality indoor environments in RCs

215

Substation Grounding Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is an account of research performed by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) in 2011 on the subject of degradation of buried grounding grids in electric power substations. Substation ground grids are usually made of copper conductors, which are placed below grade and are joined together and to the above-grade structures with various types of connectors. While above-grade connections are visible and may be inspected, below-grade connections are not visible or readily accessible for insp...

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

216

The open science grid  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. LHC Tier-1 and Tier-2 laboratories and universities are developing production Grids to support LHC applications running across a worldwide Grid computing system. Together with partners in computer science, physics grid projects and active experiments, we will build a common national production grid infrastructure which is open in its architecture, implementation and use. The Open Science Grid (OSG) model builds upon the successful approach of last year's joint Grid2003 project. The Grid3 shared infrastructure has for over eight months provided significant computational resources and throughput to a range of applications, including ATLAS and CMS data challenges, SDSS, LIGO, and biology analyses, and computer science demonstrators and experiments. To move towards LHC-scale data management, access and analysis capabilities, we must increase the scale, services, and sustainability of the current infrastructure by an order of magnitude or more. Thus, we must achieve a significant upgrade in its functionalities and technologies. The initial OSG partners will build upon a fully usable, sustainable and robust grid. Initial partners include the US LHC collaborations, DOE & NSF Laboratories and Universities & Trillium Grid projects. The approach is to federate with other application communities in the U.S. to build a shared infrastructure open to other sciences and capable of being modified and improved to respond to needs of other applications, including CDF, D0, BaBar, and RHIC experiments. We describe the application-driven, engineered services of the OSG, short term plans and status, and the roadmap for a consortium, its partnerships and national focus.

Pordes, R.; /Fermilab

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Improving the thermal performance of vinyl-framed windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the last five years, vinyl-framed windows have gained an increased market share in both new and retrofit residential construction. This success has been mainly due to their low manufacturing cost and relatively good thermal performance (i.e., total window U-values with double glazing between 0.50 Btu/h{center_dot}ft{sup 2}{center_dot}{degree}F [2.86 W/m{sup 2}{center_dot}K] and 0.30 Btu/h{center_dot}ft{sup 2}{center_dot}{degree}F [1.70 W/m{sup 2}{center_dot}K]). Turning such windows into ``superwindows,`` windows with a U-value of 0.20 Btu/h{center_dot}ft{sup 2}{center_dot}{degree}F (1.14 W/m{sup 2}{center_dot}K) or less that can act as passive solar elements even on north-facing orientations in cold climates, requires further significant decreases in heat transfer through both the glazing system and the frame/edge. Three-layer glazing systems (those with two low-emissivity coatings and a low-conductivity gas fill) offer center-of-glass U-values as low as 0.10 Btu/h{center_dot}ft{sup 2}{center_dot}{degree}F (0.57 W/m{sup 2}{center_dot}K); such glazings are being manufactured today and can be incorporated into existing or new vinyl frame profiles. This paper focuses on the use of a state-of the-art infrared imaging system and a two-dimensional finite-difference model to improve the thermal performance of commercially available vinyl profiles and glazing edge systems. Such evaluation tools are extremely useful in identifying exactly which components and design features limit heat transfer and which act as thermal short circuits. Such an analysis is not possible with conventional whole-window testing in hot boxes where testing uncertainties with superwindows are often greater than proposed improvements.

Beck, F.A.; Arasteh, D.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Improving the thermal performance of vinyl-framed windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the last five years, vinyl-framed windows have gained an increased market share in both new and retrofit residential construction. This success has been mainly due to their low manufacturing cost and relatively good thermal performance (i.e., total window U-values with double glazing between 0.50 Btu/h[center dot]ft[sup 2][center dot][degree]F [2.86 W/m[sup 2][center dot]K] and 0.30 Btu/h[center dot]ft[sup 2][center dot][degree]F [1.70 W/m[sup 2][center dot]K]). Turning such windows into superwindows,'' windows with a U-value of 0.20 Btu/h[center dot]ft[sup 2][center dot][degree]F (1.14 W/m[sup 2][center dot]K) or less that can act as passive solar elements even on north-facing orientations in cold climates, requires further significant decreases in heat transfer through both the glazing system and the frame/edge. Three-layer glazing systems (those with two low-emissivity coatings and a low-conductivity gas fill) offer center-of-glass U-values as low as 0.10 Btu/h[center dot]ft[sup 2][center dot][degree]F (0.57 W/m[sup 2][center dot]K); such glazings are being manufactured today and can be incorporated into existing or new vinyl frame profiles. This paper focuses on the use of a state-of the-art infrared imaging system and a two-dimensional finite-difference model to improve the thermal performance of commercially available vinyl profiles and glazing edge systems. Such evaluation tools are extremely useful in identifying exactly which components and design features limit heat transfer and which act as thermal short circuits. Such an analysis is not possible with conventional whole-window testing in hot boxes where testing uncertainties with superwindows are often greater than proposed improvements.

Beck, F.A.; Arasteh, D.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Intermetallic Electrodes Improve Safety and Performance in Lithium ...  

volumetric and gravimetric capacity and improves battery stability and safety. ... Transportation applications, such as electric and hybrid-electric vehicles

220

Final report for %22High performance computing for advanced national electric power grid modeling and integration of solar generation resources%22, LDRD Project No. 149016.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Design and operation of the electric power grid (EPG) relies heavily on computational models. High-fidelity, full-order models are used to study transient phenomena on only a small part of the network. Reduced-order dynamic and power flow models are used when analysis involving thousands of nodes are required due to the computational demands when simulating large numbers of nodes. The level of complexity of the future EPG will dramatically increase due to large-scale deployment of variable renewable generation, active load and distributed generation resources, adaptive protection and control systems, and price-responsive demand. High-fidelity modeling of this future grid will require significant advances in coupled, multi-scale tools and their use on high performance computing (HPC) platforms. This LDRD report demonstrates SNL's capability to apply HPC resources to these 3 tasks: (1) High-fidelity, large-scale modeling of power system dynamics; (2) Statistical assessment of grid security via Monte-Carlo simulations of cyber attacks; and (3) Development of models to predict variability of solar resources at locations where little or no ground-based measurements are available.

Reno, Matthew J.; Riehm, Andrew Charles; Hoekstra, Robert John; Munoz-Ramirez, Karina; Stamp, Jason Edwin; Phillips, Laurence R.; Adams, Brian M.; Russo, Thomas V.; Oldfield, Ron A.; McLendon, William Clarence, III; Nelson, Jeffrey Scott; Hansen, Clifford W.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Stein, Joshua S.; Schoenwald, David Alan; Wolfenbarger, Paul R.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A Methodology for Improving Business Process Performance through Positive Deviance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of process improvement and the role that best practice reference models play in the achievement of process improvement are both well recognized. Best practice reference models are generally created by experts who are external to the organisation. ... Keywords: Best Practice, Business Process Improvement, Business Process Variants, Entropy Weighting, Flexible Processes, Multi Criteria Decision Making

Mukhammad Andri Setiawan, Shazia Sadiq

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Smart Grid Information Security (IS) Functional Requirement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is important to implement safe smart grid environment to enhance people's lives and livelihoods. This paper provides information on smart grid IS functional requirement by illustrating some discussion points to the sixteen identified requirements. This paper introduces the smart grid potential hazards that can be referred as a triggering factor to improve the system and security of the entire grid. The background of smart information infrastructure and the needs for smart grid IS is described with the adoption of hermeneutic circle as methodology. Grid information technology and security-s session discusses that grid provides the chance of a simple and transparent access to different information sources. In addition, the transformation between traditional versus smart grid networking trend and the IS importance on the communication field reflects the criticality of grid IS functional requirement identification is introduces. The smart grid IS functional requirements described in this paper are general and ...

Ling, Amy Poh Ai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Scalable Real Time Data Management for Smart Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents GridMW, a scalable and reliable data middleware for smart grids. Smart grids promise to improve the efficiency of power grid systems and reduce green house emissions through incorporating power generation from renewable sources and shaping demand to match the supply. As a result, power grid systems will become much more dynamic and require constant adjustments, which requires analysis and decision making applications to improve the efficiency and reliability of smart grid systems.

Yin, Jian; Kulkarni, Anand V.; Purohit, Sumit; Gorton, Ian; Akyol, Bora A.

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

224

NERSC and HDF Group Optimize HDF5 Library to Improve I/O Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and HDF Group Optimize HDF5 Library to Improve IO Performance NERSC and HDF Group Optimize HDF5 Library to Improve IO Performance June 28, 2010 A common complaint among air...

225

SmartSolarGrid Deciding what to do with Solar Energy production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Smart Grids, a new electrical distribution grid with improved efficiency and control. The goal grids. A Smart Grid is an improved electricity distribution grid that manages in a very efficientSmartSolarGrid Deciding what to do with Solar Energy production Diogo Morgado and Paulo Ferreira

Ferreira, Paulo

226

Lithium-Titanium-Oxide Anodes Improve Battery Safety and Performance  

titanium-oxide materials improves on the safety of graphite electrodes while also offering ... such as electric and hybrid-electric vehicles Portable electronic ...

227

Creating Markets for Green Biofuels: Measuring and improving environmental performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Creating Markets For Green Biofuels Kalaitzandonakes, N. ,Creating Markets For Green Biofuels US Dept. ofCreating Markets for Green Biofuels: Measuring and improving

Turner, Brian T.; Plevin, Richard J.; O'Hare, Michael; Farrell, Alexander E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Improving Pumping System Performance: A Sourcebook for Industry, Second Edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prepared for the DOE Industrial Technologies Program, this sourcebook contains the practical guidelines and information manufacturers need to improve the efficiency of their pumping systems.

Not Available

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Anodes Improve Safety and Performance in Lithium-ion Batteries ...  

Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries have become the battery of choice for everything from cell phones to electric cars, but there is still much room for improvement.

230

Smart Grid | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid Grid Smart Grid Smart Grid "Smart grid" generally refers to a class of technology people are using to bring utility electricity delivery systems into the 21st century, using computer-based remote control and automation. These systems are made possible by two-way communication technology and computer processing that has been used for decades in other industries. They are beginning to be used on electricity networks, from the power plants and wind farms all the way to the consumers of electricity in homes and businesses. They offer many benefits to utilities and consumers -- mostly seen in big improvements in energy efficiency on the electricity grid and in the energy users' homes and offices. For a century, utility companies have had to send workers out to gather

231

A comparison between two grid scheduling philosophies: EGEE WMS and Grid Way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to achieve a reasonable degree of performance and reliability, Metascheduling has been revealed as a key functionality of the grid middleware. The aim of this paper is to provide a comparative analysis between two major grid scheduling philosophies: ... Keywords: EGEE WMS, Grid Way, Grid computing, fusion physics, metascheduling

J. L. Vázquez-Poletti; E. Huedo; R. S. Montero; I. M. Llorente

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Technical Specification for a Transportable Lithium-Ion Energy Storage System for Grid Support Using Commercially Available Lithium- Ion Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impressive global scale of lithium-ion battery production and investment in R&D is driving cost reduction and performance improvements that could make lithium-ion technology desirable for certain grid-scale storage applications in the near term. Although many stationary grid market applications can be configured using lithium-ion batteries, Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) research identified a 1-MW, 2-hour containerized substation grid support storage system as a key electric utility product...

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

233

Toward Improving High-Resolution Numerical Hurricane Forecasting: Influence of Model Horizontal Grid Resolution, Initialization, and Physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides an account of the performance of an experimental version of the Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting system (HWRFX) for 87 cases of Atlantic tropical cyclones during the 2005, 2007, and 2009 hurricane seasons. The HWRFX ...

Sundararaman G. Gopalakrishnan; Stanley Goldenberg; Thiago Quirino; Xuejin Zhang; Frank Marks Jr.; Kao-San Yeh; Robert Atlas; Vijay Tallapragada

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Smart Grid: Powering Our Way to a Greener Future | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grid: Powering Our Way to a Greener Future Grid: Powering Our Way to a Greener Future Smart Grid: Powering Our Way to a Greener Future April 25, 2013 - 9:28am Addthis Eric Lightner Eric Lightner Director of the Federal Smart Grid Task Force in the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Learning how to be smarter and more efficient about reducing our energy consumption is on the minds of everyone this week. The smart grid, with its improved efficiency and performance, is helping consumers conserve energy and save money every day. To take full advantage of a modern electric grid, however, people need to understand what those opportunities are. The "Power Over Energy" energy literacy initiative, which the Department joined this week, is educating, motivating and empowering

235

How ENERGY STAR Helps Manufacturers Improve the Energy Performance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

against the industry nationally Energy Tracking Tool - Helps establish production-based energy intensity metrics, set goals, and track performance Portfolio Manager - Scores the...

236

NREL Evaluates Thermal Performance of Uninsulated Walls to Improve...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

homes, which are currently over-predicted. Potential Impact Accurate estimates of the thermal characteris- tics of uninsulated assemblies will reduce pre-retrofit performance...

237

The Development of Improved Performance PM UDIMET(r) 720 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

to 350°F under vacuum the ensure removal of water vapor. After outgassing, the ... performing compression tests on baseline Udimet 720 material. The testing ...

238

Guidelines for planning and organizing a performance improvement project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Management planning is the key to success in any type of project. This paper identifies and examines the areas of management responsibility in a performance evaluation project.

Dennis R. Chastain

1973-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Cost curves: An improved method for visualizing classifier performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces cost curves, a graphical technique for visualizing the performance (error rate or expected cost) of 2-class classifiers over the full range of possible class distributions and misclassification costs. Cost curves are shown to be ... Keywords: Classifiers, Machine learning, Performance evaluation, ROC curves

Chris Drummond; Robert C. Holte

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Performance Engineering: Understanding and Improving the Performance of Large-Scale Codes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, vol.component of the high-performance computing world. This isJournal of High Performance Computing Applications, vol.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Fact Sheet: Community Energy Storage for Grid Support (October 2012) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fact Sheet: Community Energy Storage for Grid Support (October Fact Sheet: Community Energy Storage for Grid Support (October 2012) Fact Sheet: Community Energy Storage for Grid Support (October 2012) Detroit Edison (DTE) will design, build, and demonstrate Community Energy Storage (CES) systems in their service territory. The CES is designed to improve electricity service to customers whose circuits are often heavily loaded and would benefit from the power conditioning advantages provided from a CES. The performance data of the CES units and control systems will be analyzed under real-world operating conditions to standardize design, installation, and use across the U.S. Fact Sheet: Community Energy Storage for Grid Support (October 2012) More Documents & Publications New Reports and Other Materials Energy Storage Systems 2012 Peer Review Presentations - Poster Session 2

242

Fact Sheet: Community Energy Storage for Grid Support (October 2012) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Community Energy Storage for Grid Support (October Community Energy Storage for Grid Support (October 2012) Fact Sheet: Community Energy Storage for Grid Support (October 2012) Detroit Edison (DTE) will design, build, and demonstrate Community Energy Storage (CES) systems in their service territory. The CES is designed to improve electricity service to customers whose circuits are often heavily loaded and would benefit from the power conditioning advantages provided from a CES. The performance data of the CES units and control systems will be analyzed under real-world operating conditions to standardize design, installation, and use across the U.S. Fact Sheet: Community Energy Storage for Grid Support (October 2012) More Documents & Publications New Reports and Other Materials Energy Storage Systems 2012 Peer Review Presentations - Poster Session 2

243

Improving server application performance via pure TCP ACK receive optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Network stack performance is critical to server scalability and user-perceived application experience. Perpacket overhead is a major bottleneck in scaling network I/O. While much effort is expended on reducing perpacket overhead for data-carrying packets, ...

Michael Chan, David R. Cheriton

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Improving sensornet performance by separating system configuration from system logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many sensor network protocols are self-configuring, but independent self-configuration at different layers often results in suboptimal performance. We present Chi, a full-system configuration architecture that separates system logic from system configuration. ...

Niclas Finne; Joakim Eriksson; Nicolas Tsiftes; Adam Dunkels; Thiemo Voigt

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Objective performance metrics for improved space telerobotics training  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASA astronauts undergo many hours of formal training and self-study to gain proficiency in space teleoperation tasks. After each lesson, instructors score an astronaut's performance in several broad skill categories, ...

Forman, Rachel Emily

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Smart Grid Congressional Testimony  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Of InterestNIST and the Smart GridResearch at NISTSmart Grid Interoperability Panel (SGIP)International CoordinationSmart Grid Advisory ...

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

247

Smart Grid Integration Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The initial federal funding for the Colorado State University Smart Grid Integration Laboratory is through a Congressionally Directed Project (CDP), DE-OE0000070 Smart Grid Integration Laboratory. The original program requested in three one-year increments for staff acquisition, curriculum development, and instrumentation â?? all which will benefit the Laboratory. This report focuses on the initial phase of staff acquisition which was directed and administered by DOE NETL/ West Virginia under Project Officer Tom George. Using this CDP funding, we have developed the leadership and intellectual capacity for the SGIC. This was accomplished by investing (hiring) a core team of Smart Grid Systems engineering faculty focused on education, research, and innovation of a secure and smart grid infrastructure. The Smart Grid Integration Laboratory will be housed with the separately funded Integrid Laboratory as part of CSUâ??s overall Smart Grid Integration Center (SGIC). The period of performance of this grant was 10/1/2009 to 9/30/2011 which included one no cost extension due to time delays in faculty hiring. The Smart Grid Integration Laboratoryâ??s focus is to build foundations to help graduate and undergraduates acquire systems engineering knowledge; conduct innovative research; and team externally with grid smart organizations. Using the results of the separately funded Smart Grid Workforce Education Workshop (May 2009) sponsored by the City of Fort Collins, Northern Colorado Clean Energy Cluster, Colorado State University Continuing Education, Spirae, and Siemens has been used to guide the hiring of faculty, program curriculum and education plan. This project develops faculty leaders with the intellectual capacity to inspire its students to become leaders that substantially contribute to the development and maintenance of Smart Grid infrastructure through topics such as: (1) Distributed energy systems modeling and control; (2) Energy and power conversion; (3) Simulation of electrical power distribution system that integrates significant quantities of renewable and distributed energy resources; (4) System dynamic modeling that considers end-user behavior, economics, security and regulatory frameworks; (5) Best practices for energy management IT control solutions for effective distributed energy integration (including security with the underlying physical power systems); (6) Experimental verification of effects of various arrangements of renewable generation, distributed generation and user load types along with conventional generation and transmission. Understanding the core technologies for enabling them to be used in an integrated fashion within a distribution network remains is a benefit to the future energy paradigm and future and present energy engineers.

Wade Troxell

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

248

Near-term improvements in parabolic troughs: an economic and performance assessment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Improved parabolic-trough concentrating collectors will result from better design, improved fabrication techniques, and the development and utilization of improved materials. This analysis qualifies the performance potential of various parabolic-trough component improvements from a systems viewpoint and uses these performance data to determine the worth of each improvement on an economic basis. The improvements considered are evacuated receivers, silvered-glass reflectors, improved receiver, selective coatings, higher optical accuracy concentrations, and higher transmittance receiver glazings. Upper-bound costs for each improvement are provided as well as estimates of the increased solar system rates of return that are made possible by these improvements. The performance and economic potential of some of these improvements are shown to be substantial, especially at higher collector operating temperatures.

Gee, R.; Murphy, L.M.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

High Performance Healthcare Buildings: A Roadmap to Improved Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

This document presents a road map for improving the energy efficiency of hospitals and other healthcare facilities. The report compiles input from a broad array of experts in healthcare facility design and operations. The initial section lists challenges and barriers to efficiency improvements in healthcare. Opportunities are organized around the following ten themes: understanding and benchmarking energy use; best practices and training; codes and standards; improved utilization of existing HVAC designs and technology; innovation in HVAC design and technology; electrical system design; lighting; medical equipment and process loads; economic and organizational issues; and the design of next generation sustainable hospitals. Achieving energy efficiency will require a broad set of activities including research, development, deployment, demonstration, training, etc., organized around 48 specific objectives. Specific activities are prioritized in consideration of potential impact, likelihood of near- or mid-term feasibility and anticipated cost-effectiveness. This document is intended to be broad in consideration though not exhaustive. Opportunities and needs are identified and described with the goal of focusing efforts and resources.

Singer, Brett C.; Tschudi, William F.

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

250

Computational Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this introductory chapter, we lay the groundwork for the rest of the book by providing a more detailed picture of the expected purpose, shape, and architecture of future grid systems. We structure the chapter in terms of six questions that we believe ...

Ian T. Foster; Carl Kesselman

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit: Profiling City University of New York (CUNY): Reinventing Batteries for Grid Storage (Performer Video)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. A few videos were selected for showing during the Summit to attendees. These 'performer videos' highlight innovative research that is ongoing and related to the main topics of the Summit's sessions. Featured in this video are Sanjoy Banerjee, Director of CUNY Energy Institute and Dan Steingart (Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering, CUNY). The City University of New York's Energy Institute, with the help of ARPA-E funding, is creating safe, low cost, rechargeable, long lifecycle batteries that could be used as modular distributed storage for the electrical grid. The batteries could be used at the building level or the utility level to offer benefits such as capture of renewable energy, peak shaving and microgridding, for a safer, cheaper, and more secure electrical grid.

None Available

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

252

Spacer grid assembly and locking mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spacer grid assembly is disclosed for retaining a plurality of fuel rods in substantially parallel spaced relation, the spacer grids being formed with rhombic openings defining contact means for engaging from one to four fuel rods arranged in each opening, the spacer grids being of symmetric configuration with their rhombic openings being asymmetrically offset to permit inversion and relative rotation of the similar spacer grids for improved support of the fuel rods. An improved locking mechanism includes tie bars having chordal surfaces to facilitate their installation in slotted circular openings of the spacer grids, the tie rods being rotatable into locking engagement with the slotted openings.

Snyder, Jr., Harold J. (Rancho Santa Fe, CA); Veca, Anthony R. (San Diego, CA); Donck, Harry A. (San Diego, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Using current web page structure to improve prefetching performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web prefetching is a technique aimed at reducing user-perceived latencies in the World Wide Web. The spatial locality shown by user accesses makes it possible to predict future accesses from the previous ones. A prefetching engine uses these predictions ... Keywords: Web performance, Web prefetching

Josep Domenech; Jose A. Gil; Julio Sahuquillo; Ana Pont

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Improving the performance scalability of the community atmosphere model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Community Atmosphere Model (CAM), which serves as the atmosphere component of the Community Climate System Model (CCSM), is the most computationally expensive CCSM component in typical configurations. On current and next-generation leadership class ... Keywords: CAM, atmospheric modeling, massively parallel computing, performance, scalability

Arthur A. Mirin; Patrick H. Worley

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

An improved control method of power electronic converters in low voltage micro-grid Xiaofeng, Sun ; Qingqiu, Lv ; Yanjun, Tian ; Chen, Zhe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

when micro-grid transferring between grid-connected mode and island mode. The paper analysis the micro modes. The new droop control method has been validated through simulations by PSCAD software generation (DG) technology [1-3]. DG units may be located in distribution network or on the local load side

Chen, Zhe

256

NREL Smart Grid Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although implementing Smart Grid projects at the distribution level provides many advantages and opportunities for advanced operation and control, a number of significant challenges must be overcome to maintain the high level of safety and reliability that the modern grid must provide. For example, while distributed generation (DG) promises to provide opportunities to increase reliability and efficiency and may provide grid support services such as volt/var control, the presence of DG can impact distribution operation and protection schemes. Additionally, the intermittent nature of many DG energy sources such as photovoltaics (PV) can present a number of challenges to voltage regulation, etc. This presentation provides an overview a number of Smart Grid projects being performed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) along with utility, industry, and academic partners. These projects include modeling and analysis of high penetration PV scenarios (with and without energy storage), development and testing of interconnection and microgrid equipment, as well as the development and implementation of advanced instrumentation and data acquisition used to analyze the impacts of intermittent renewable resources. Additionally, standards development associated with DG interconnection and analysis as well as Smart Grid interoperability will be discussed.

Hambrick, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Daylighting in schools: Energy costs reduced, student performance improved  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ordinarily, architectural-engineering firms are only indirectly concerned with psychological and physical benefits to the occupants of the buildings they design. However, a firm in North Carolina, Innovative Design, is not ordinary. Their use of daylighting in schools yields considerable economic benefits: energy costs reduced up to 64%, cooling and electrical equipment costs reduced, long-term mechanical and lighting equipment maintenance costs reduced. But equally impressive are the benefits of daylighting on student performance. Students in schools using daylighting have higher achievement scores in reading and math tests. Further, as shown in a related study, because of additional vitamin D received by students via daylighting, they will have less dental decay--and grow taller. In the two performance reports which follow, authors Nicklas and Bailey analyze specific win-win benefits of daylighting. Their findings are startling.

Nicklas, M.H.; Bailey, G.B. [Innovative Design, Raleigh, NC (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Improvement in Plasma Performance with Lithium Coatings in NSTX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium as a plasma-facing material has attractive features, including a reduction in the recycling of hydrogenic species and the potential for withstanding high heat and neutron fluxes in fusion reactors. Dramatic effects on plasma performance with lithium-coated plasma-facing components (PFC's) have been demonstrated on many fusion devices, including TFTR, T-11M, and FT-U. Using a liquid-lithium-filled tray as a limiter, the CDX-U device achieved very significant enhancement in the confinement time of ohmically heated plasmas. The recent NSTX experiments reported here have demonstrated, for the first time, significant and recurring benefits of lithium PFC coatings on divertor plasma performance in both L- and H- mode regimes heated by neutral beams.

Kaita, R

2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

259

Improvement in Plasma Performance with Lithium Coatings in NSTX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium as a plasma-facing material has attractive features, including a reduction in the recycling of hydrogenic species and the potential for withstanding high heat and neutron fluxes in fusion reactors. Dramatic effects on plasma performance with lithium-coated plasma-facing components (PFCOs) have been demonstrated on many fusion devices, including TFTR, [1] T-11M, [2] and FT-U. [3] Using a liquid-lithium-filled tray as a limiter, the CDX-U device achieved very significant enhancement in the confinement time of ohmically heated plasmas. [4] The recent NSTX experiments reported here have demonstrated, for the first time, significant and recurring benefits of lithium PFC coatings on divertor plasma performance in both L- and H- mode regimes heated by neutral beams.

Kaita, R; Ahn, J -W; Allain, J P; Bell, M G; Bell, R; Boedo, J; Bush, C; Mansfield, D; Menard, J; Mueller, D; Ono, M; Paul, S; Raman, R; Roquemore, A L; Ross, P W; Sabbagh, S; Schneider, H; Skinner, C H; Soukhanovskii, V; Stevenson, T; Stotler, D; Timberlake, J; Wampler, W R; Wilgen, J B

2008-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

260

Smart Grid Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Welcome to the Smart Grid website at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). ... Contact. Smart Grid National Coordinator ...

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Improved performance of railcar/rail truck interface components  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to improve the railcar/rail truck interface by developing a low maintenance bearing interface with a favorable friction coefficient. Friction and wear at the center bowl/center plate bearing interface cause high turning moments around curved track, wear of truck components, and increased detrimental dynamic effects. The recommended improvement of the rail truck interface is a set of two steel inserts, one concave and one convex, that can be retrofit to center bowls/center plates. The insert geometry addresses concerns about maintaining favorable pressure distribution on existing components, minimizing overall height increase to accommodate existing infrastructure, and retaining railcar stability. The stability of the railcar upon the design inserts has been ensured when the instantaneous center of rotation of the railcar body is above the railcar center of gravity. The damping ratio provided by the frictional moment within center bowl is 240 and eliminates the possibility of dynamic amplification. Using a 90 inch radius of curvature ensures stability and requires a 0.5 inch diameter reduction of the existing center plate for a gap of 1/16 inch. The increase in railcar height for the specific design is 0.71 inches which can be absorbed by either grinding of the center plate or new manufacturing dimensions. The design is feasible for small travel values corresponding to small vertical gaps at the side bearings. In addition to geometry alterations, the bearing surfaces are coated with a protective metallic layer. The literature suggests that optimum friction coefficients between bearing elements in the center bowl/center plate interface may reduce turning moments of the truck, wear of truck components, and detrimental dynamic effects such as hunting. Axial-torsional tests determined friction coefficient estimates and wear properties for a matrix of various metallic protective coatings and steel. Tungsten carbide-cobalt-chrome has a favorable coefficient of 0.3 under standard center bowl/center plate contact conditions.

Story, Brett Alan

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Optimal Bandwidth Sharing in Grid Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shared among computing and stor- age elements. Referred to as short-lived, grid data re- quests, and performance of individual applications. The data volume of data grids is in the order of Ter- abytes and will likely reach Petabytes in the near future. Transporting such enormous quantities of data among grid

Marchal, Loris

263

Toward an experiment engine for lightweight grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a case study conducted on the Grid'5000 platform, a lightweight grid. The goal was to make a rather simple experiment, and study how difficult it was to carry out correctly. This means it had to be correct, reproducible and efficient. ... Keywords: experiment framework, experiment methodology, lightweight grid, performance study

Brice Videau; Corinne Touati; Olivier Richard

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Solar Powered Grid Based on Reused PCs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a way to reuse obsolete older model PCs as a grid in keeping with green IT. A grid can create a high performance environment consisting of ordinary PCs. However, it has continuous energy requirements. This is undesirable in ... Keywords: green IT, grid, solar cell

Kenichi Fujii; Motoi Yamagiwa; Minoru Uehara

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Measuring Improvement in the Energy Performance of the U.S. Cement...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improvement in the Energy Performance of the U.S. Cement Industry This paper from Duke University focuses primarily on the development of an updated ENERGY STAR industrial...

266

Measuring Improvement in the Energy Performance of the U.S. Corn...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measuring Improvement in the Energy Performance of the U.S. Corn Refining Industry Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and...

267

The Emergence of Trade Associations as Agents of Environmental Performance Improvement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper explores a surprising phenomenon: the emergence of trade associations as agents of environmental performance improvement. Trade associations in the United States have historically fought environmental regulation, ...

Nash, Jennifer

2002-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

268

BigHorn Home Improvement Center Energy Performance: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This is one of the nation's first commercial building projects to integrate extensive high-performance design into a retail space. The extensive use of natural light, combined with energy-efficient electrical lighting design, provides good illumination and excellent energy savings. The reduced lighting loads, management of solar gains, and cool climate allow natural ventilation to meet the cooling loads. A hydronic radiant floor system, gas-fired radiant heaters, and a transpired solar collector deliver heat. An 8.9-kW roof-integrated photovoltaic (PV) system offsets a portion of the electricity.

Deru, M.; Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

BigHorn Home Improvement Center Energy Performance: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is one of the nation's first commercial building projects to integrate extensive high-performance design into a retail space. The extensive use of natural light, combined with energy-efficient electrical lighting design, provides good illumination and excellent energy savings. The reduced lighting loads, management of solar gains, and cool climate allow natural ventilation to meet the cooling loads. A hydronic radiant floor system, gas-fired radiant heaters, and a transpired solar collector deliver heat. An 8.9-kW roof-integrated photovoltaic (PV) system offsets a portion of the electricity.

Deru, M.; Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Permanent magnet assisted synchronous reluctance motor, design and performance improvement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, permanent magnet assisted (PMa)-synchronous reluctance motors (SynRM) have been considered as a possible alternative motor drive for high performance applications. In order to have an efficient motor drive, performing of three steps in design of the overall drive is not avoidable. These steps are design optimization of the motor, identification of the motor parameter and implementation of an advanced control system to ensure optimum operation. Therefore, this dissertation first deals with the design optimization of the Permanent Magnet Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor (PMa-SynRM). Various key points in the rotor design of a low cost PMa-SynRM are introduced and their effects are studied. Finite element approach has been utilized to show the effects of these parameters on the developed average electromagnetic torque and the total d-q inductances. As it can be inferred from the name of the motor, there are some permanent magnets mounted in the rotor core. One of the features considered in the design of this motor is the magnetization of the permanent magnets mounted in the rotor core using the stator windings to reduce the manufacturing cost. At the next step, identification of the motor parameters is discussed. Variation of motor parameters due to temperature and airgap flux has been reported in the literatures. Use of off-line models for estimating the motor parameters is known as a computationally intensive method, especially when the models include the effect of cross saturation. Therefore in practical applications, on-line parameter estimation is favored to achieve a high performance control system. In this dissertation, a simple practical method for parameter estimation of the PMa-SynRM is introduced. Last part of the dissertation presents one advanced control strategy which utilized the introduced parameter estimator. A practical Maximum Torque Per Ampere (MTPA) control scheme along with a simple parameter estimator for PMa-SynRM is introduced. This method is capable of maintaining the MTPA condition and stays robust against the variations of motor parameters. Effectiveness of the motor design procedure and the control strategy is validated by presenting simulation and experimental results of a 1.5 kW prototype PMa-SynRM, designed and manufactured through the introduced design method.

Niazi, Peyman

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Hoisting Branch Conditions -- Improving Super-Scalar Processor Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The performance and hardware complexity of super-scalar architectures is hindered by conditional branch instructions. When conditional branches are encountered in a program, the instruction fetch unit must rapidly predict the branch predicate and begin speculatively fetching instructions with no loss of instruction throughput. Speculative execution has a high hardware cost, is limited by dynamic branch prediction accuracies, and does not scale well for increasingly super-scalar architectures. The conditional branch bottleneck would be solved if we could somehow move branch condition evaluation far forward in the instruction stream and provide a new branch instruction that encoded both the source and target address of a branch. This paper summarizes the hardware extensions to support just such a Future Branch, then gives a compiler algorithm for hoisting branch evaluation across many blocks. The algorithm is applicable to other optimizations for parallelism, such as prefetching data. ...

Bill Appelbe; Reid Harmon; Scott Wills; Maurizio Vitale

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

SURFACTANT SPRAY: A NOVEL TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE FLOTATION DEINKING PERFORMANCE  

SciTech Connect

Based on the fundamental understanding of ink removal and fiber loss mechanism in flotation deinking process, we developed this innovative technology using surfactant spray to improve the ink removal efficiency, reduce the water and fiber loss, reduce the chemical consumption and carry over in the flotation deinking. The innovative flotation deinking process uses a spray to deliver the frothing agent during flotation deinking to control several key process variables. The spray can control the foam stability and structure and modify the fluid dynamics to reduce the fibers entrapped in the froth layer. The froth formed at the top part of the flotation column will act as a physical filter to prevent the penetration of frothing agent into the pulp suspension to eliminate fiber contamination and unfavorable deinking surface chemistry modification due to surfactant adsorption on the fiber surface. Because of the filter effect, frothing agents will be better utilized. Under the sponsorships of the US Dept. of Energy (DOE) and the member companies of the Institute of Paper Science and Technology, we studied the chem-mechanical mechanism of surfactant spray for flotation deinking using different furnishes, chemicals, and flotation devices in the past four years. In the final year of the project, we successfully conducted mill trials at Abitibi-Consolidated, Inc., Snowflake paper recycling operation of 100% mixture of ONP/OMG. Results from laboratory, pilot-plant and mill trials indicated that surfactant spray technology can significantly reduce fiber loss in flotation deinking. It can be concluded that paper industry can profit greatly when this technology is commercialized in flotation deinking mills.

Yulin Deng; Junyong Zhu

2004-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

273

New technology trends for improved IGCC system performance  

SciTech Connect

The application of gas turbine technology to IGCC systems requires careful consideration of the degree and type of integration used during the system design phase. Although gas turbines provide the primary output and efficiency gains for IGCC systems, as compared with conventional coal-fired power generation systems, they are commercially available only in specific size ranges. Therefore, it is up to the IGCC system designer to optimize the IGCC power plant within the required output, efficiency, and site conditions by selecting the system configuration carefully, particularly for air separation unit (ASU) integration incorporated with oxygen blown gasification systems. An IGCC system, based on a generic, entrained flow, oxygen blown gasification system and a GE STAG 109FA combined cycle has been evaluated with varying degrees of ASU integration, two fuel equivalent heating values and two gas turbine firing temperatures to provide net plant output and efficiency results. The data presented illustrate the system flexibility afforded by variation of ASU integration and the potential performance gains available through the continued use of gas turbine advances. Emphasis is placed on system design choices that favor either low initial investment cost or low operating cost for a given IGCC system output.

Anand, A.K.; Cook, C.S.; Corman, J.C. [GE Power Generation, Schenectady, NY (United States); Smith, A.R. [Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Allentown, PA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Performance and Improvements of the ATLAS Jet Trigger System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the harsh conditions of the LHC, with proton bunches colliding every 50 ns and up to 40 pp interactions per bunch crossing, the ATLAS trigger system has to be flexible to maintaining an unbiased efficiency for a wide variety of physics studies while providing a fast rejection of non-interesting events. Jets are the most commonly produced objects at the LHC, essential for many physics measurements that range from precise QCD studies to searches for New Physics beyond the Standard Model, or even unexpected physics signals. The ATLAS jet trigger is the primary mean for selecting events with high pT jets and its good performance is fundamental to achieve the physics goals of ATLAS. The ATLAS trigger system is divided in three levels, the first one (L1) being hardware based, with a 2 ?s latency, and the two following ones (called collectively High Level Triggers or HLT) being softwared based with larger processing times. It was designed to work in a Region of Interest (RoI) based approach, where the second lev...

Conde Muino, P; The ATLAS collaboration

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Algorithms and Methodologies for Integrated Substation Equipment Risk and Performance Assessment Tools for Asset Management and Smar t Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has developed a suite of algorithms and methodologies designed to assess substation equipment performance and risk. These tools and the supporting databases have been enhanced to provide projections of future performance and risk. Utilizing these algorithms and tools, asset and maintenance managers can make better-informed decisions about current and future investments. This report lays out the rationale underlying the development of these tools and sets the foundation for their effective use by uti...

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

276

Precision grid and hand motion for accurate needle insertion in brachytherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: In prostate brachytherapy, a grid is used to guide a needle tip toward a preplanned location within the tissue. During insertion, the needle deflects en route resulting in target misplacement. In this paper, 18-gauge needle insertion experiments into phantom were performed to test effects of three parameters, which include the clearance between the grid hole and needle, the thickness of the grid, and the needle insertion speed. Measurement apparatus that consisted of two datum surfaces and digital depth gauge was developed to quantify needle deflections. Methods: The gauge repeatability and reproducibility (GR and R) test was performed on the measurement apparatus, and it proved to be capable of measuring a 2 mm tolerance from the target. Replicated experiments were performed on a 2{sup 3} factorial design (three parameters at two levels) and analysis included averages and standard deviation along with an analysis of variance (ANOVA) to find significant single and two-way interaction factors. Results: Results showed that grid with tight clearance hole and slow needle speed increased precision and accuracy of needle insertion. The tight grid was vital to enhance precision and accuracy of needle insertion for both slow and fast insertion speed; additionally, at slow speed the tight, thick grid improved needle precision and accuracy. Conclusions: In summary, the tight grid is important, regardless of speed. The grid design, which shows the capability to reduce the needle deflection in brachytherapy procedures, can potentially be implemented in the brachytherapy procedure.

McGill, Carl S.; Schwartz, Jonathon A.; Moore, Jason Z.; McLaughlin, Patrick W.; Shih, Albert J. [Biomedical Engineering Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Biomedical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering Departments, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

Pools of virtual boxes: building campus grids with virtual machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A campus grid is a critical component of research cyberinfrastructure. A grid facilitates resource sharing, improving collaboration and increasing the capability to address large scale scientific and engineering problems. Resources comprising a grid ... Keywords: campus grid, deployment, distributed computing, high throughput computing, virtual machines, virtualization

David J. Herzfeld; Lars E. Olson; Craig A. Struble

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

A 16-ELEMENT REFLECTION GRID AMPLIFIER Frederic Lecuyer1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, which can double as a large metal heat sink. Otherwise, the operation of reflection grid amplifiers to improve common- Mirror/Heat Sink Active GridInput Polarizer Active Grid Output Polarizer E Output Beam E Input Beam E Output Beam Differential Transistor Pair E Input Beam Mirror/Heat Sink Active Grid

279

Improving the Performance of Lithium Ion Batteries at Low Temperature  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The ability for Li-ion batteries to operate at low temperatures is extremely critical for the development of energy storage for electric and hybrid electric vehicle technologies. Currently, Li-ion cells have limited success in operating at temperature below –10 deg C. Electrolyte conductivity at low temperature is not the main cause of the poor performance of Li-ion cells. Rather the formation of a tight interfacial film between the electrolyte and the electrodes has often been an issue that resulted in a progressive capacity fading and limited discharge rate capability. The objective of our Phase I work is to develop novel electrolytes that can form low interfacial resistance solid electrolyte interface (SEI) films on carbon anodes and metal oxide cathodes. From the results of our Phase I work, we found that the interfacial impedance of Fluoro Ethylene Carbonate (FEC) electrolyte at the low temperature of –20degC is astonishingly low, compared to the baseline 1.2M LiPFEMC:EC:PC:DMC (10:20:10:60) electrolyte. We found that electrolyte formulations with fluorinated carbonate co-solvent have excellent film forming properties and better de-solvation characteristics to decrease the interfacial SEI film resistance and facilitate the Li-ion diffusion across the SEI film. The very overwhelming low interfacial impedance for FEC electrolytes will translate into Li-ion cells with much higher power for cold cranking and high Regen/charge at the low temperature. Further, since the SEI film resistance is low, Li interaction kinetics into the electrode will remain very fast and thus Li plating during Regen/charge period be will less likely to happen.

Trung H. Nguyen; Peter Marren; Kevin Gering

2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

280

Comments of National Grid to the Smart Grid RFI | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Grid to the Smart Grid RFI Comments of National Grid to the Smart Grid RFI National Grid's Response to the Department of Energy Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Improving Grid Performance with Electric Vehicle Charging 2011San Diego Gas & Electric Company. All copyright and trademark rights reserved.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demand of 40 all-electric Advanced Energy PEV Usage Study vehicles as maximum kW demand at each 15 minute to a hairdryer) per PEV in the population · Instantaneous demand, 40 all-electric vehicles for one day (8 hour. 48 kW / 40 vehicles = 1.2 kW per EV in the population, at highest- load moment #12;Demand, Net

California at Davis, University of

282

GridStat – Cyber Security and Regional Deployment Project Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GridStat is a developing communication technology to provide real-time data delivery services to the electric power grid. It is being developed in a collaborative effort between the Electrical Power Engineering and Distributed Computing Science Departments at Washington State University. Improving the cyber security of GridStat was the principle focus of this project. A regional network was established to test GridStat’s cyber security mechanisms in a realistic environment. The network consists of nodes at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Idaho National Laboratory, and Washington State University. Idaho National Laboratory (INL) was tasked with performing the security assessment, the results of which detailed a number or easily resolvable and previously unknown issues, as well as a number of difficult and previously known issues. Going forward we recommend additional development prior to commercialization of GridStat. The development plan is structured into three domains: Core Development, Cyber Security and Pilot Projects. Each domain contains a number of phased subtasks that build upon each other to increase the robustness and maturity of GridStat.

Clements, Samuel L.

2009-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

283

DOE Final Report for DE-FG02-01ER63198 Title: IMPROVING THE PROCESSES OF LAND-ATMOSPHERE INTERACTION IN CCSM 2.0 AT HIGHER RESOLUTION AND BETTER SUB-GRID SCALING  

SciTech Connect

Our CCPP project consists of the development and testing of a systematic sub-grid scaling framework for the CLM. It consists of four elements: i) a complex vegetation tiling representation; ii) an orographic tiling system; iii) a tiling system to describe a distribution of water table parameters intended to provide a realistic statistical model of wetlands; and iv) improvements of past developed treatments of precipitation intensity.

Dr. Robert Dickinson

2008-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

284

Non-Intrusive Autonomic Approach with Self-Management Policies Applied to Legacy Infrastructures for Performance Improvements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growing complexity of large IT facilities involves important time and effort costs to operate and maintain. Autonomic computing gives a new approach in designing distributed architectures that manage themselves in accordance with high-level objectives. ... Keywords: Autonomic Computing, Distributed, Grid, Legacy, Performance, Policies

Rémi Sharrock; Thierry Monteil; Patricia Stolf; Daniel Hagimont; Laurent Broto

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

NERSC Grid Certificates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid Grid Certificates Grid Certificates | Tags: Grid Grid certificates allow you to access NERSC (and other Grid enabled computing facilities) via grid interfaces. Grid certificates are credentials that must be initialized for use with grid tools. Once a certificate is initialized it is automatically used by the grid tools to authenticate the user to the grid resource. Getting a Short Lived NERSC CA Certificate The NERSC Online CA now offers a quick and painless way to obtain grid certificates. You can obtain a grid certificate with a single command using this method. If you are on a NERSC system, load the globus module to set up your environment: % module load globus or % module load osg On the client system (assuming you have the globus binaries in your path), simply run:

286

SIMULATED BUILDING ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF SINGLE-FAMILY DETACHED RESIDENCES DESIGNED FOR OFF-GRID, OFF-PIPE OPERATION  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the analysis of energy performance of single-family detached homes in three U.S. climates, in order to determine energy-efficiency measures for minimizing the loads and sizing requirements of renewable energy systems that are essential for its offgrid, off-pipe (i.e., utility-independent) operation. The analysis used a DOE-2.1e simulation model of a 2000/2001 IECC (International Energy Conservation Code) standard house as a base case in three climate locations: Minneapolis, MN, Atlanta, GA, and Phoenix, AZ. This selection of measures and determination of loads for renewable energy systems were accomplished by analyzing the energy use using DOE-2.1e simulations and heating/cooling load components using the Manual J Average Load Procedure. The analysis showed several aspects of building energy performance during different times of the year in terms of available energy resources that are critical for the sizing, utilization, and cost effectiveness of renewable energy systems.

Malhotra, Mini [ORNL; Haberl, Dr. Jeff S. [Texas A& M University

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Intelligent Management of the Power Grid: An Anticipatory, Multi-Agent, High Performance Computing Approach: EPRI/DoD Complex Intera ctive Networks/Systems Initiative: Second Annual Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report details the second-year research accomplishments for one of six research consortia established under the Complex Interactive Networks/Systems Initiative. This particular document details an anticipatory, multi-agent, high performance computing approach for intelligent management of the power grid.

2001-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

288

Grid Equipment Reliability Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Throughout the world, utilities have witnessed changes to electrical power markets. These changes have presented new and continuous challenges to maintaining the transmission system's integrity. In the past, emphasis at the transmission level has been on the system as a whole and not at the equipment level. This report summarizes the finding of a study that investigated the need to develop a new set of metrics and benchmarks to measure and compare grid equipment performance.

2001-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

289

Cyber security of the smart grid: Attack exposure analysis, detection algorithms, and testbed evaluation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??While smart grid technologies are deployed to help achieve improved grid resiliency and efficiency, they also present an increased dependency on cyber resources which may… (more)

Hahn, Adam

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Value of a Smart Grid System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 - 2 - Section 3: Value of a Smart Grid System Implementing a Smart Grid is the effort to move the electric grid from a "static" to a "dynamic" state. Doing so improves the efficiency, reliability and cost-effectiveness of the electrical system's operations, planning and maintenance and creates a system that is interactive with consumers and markets, allowing better energy and dollar savings. Below we summarize the value of the Smart Grid from six perspectives: Consumers Environmental Utilities and Grid Operators Market Efficiency Economy Regulatory Consumer Value of a Smart Grid Smart Grids will provide consumers many benefits, deriving mainly from the increased information and insight it brings them about their individual consumption as

291

Illumination Sufficiency Survey Techniques: In-situ Measurements of Lighting System Performance and a User Preference Survey for Illuminance in an Off-Grid, African Setting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efforts to promote rechargeable electric lighting as a replacement for fuel-based light sources in developing countries are typically predicated on the notion that lighting service levels can be maintained or improved while reducing the costs and environmental impacts of existing practices. However, the extremely low incomes of those who depend on fuel-based lighting create a need to balance the hypothetically possible or desirable levels of light with those that are sufficient and affordable. In a pilot study of four night vendors in Kenya, we document a field technique we developed to simultaneously measure the effectiveness of lighting service provided by a lighting system and conduct a survey of lighting service demand by end-users. We took gridded illuminance measurements across each vendor's working and selling area, with users indicating the sufficiency of light at each point. User light sources included a mix of kerosene-fueled hurricane lanterns, pressure lamps, and LED lanterns.We observed illuminance levels ranging from just above zero to 150 lux. The LED systems markedly improved the lighting service levels over those provided by kerosene-fueled hurricane lanterns. Users reported that the minimum acceptable threshold was about 2 lux. The results also indicated that the LED lamps in use by the subjects did not always provide sufficient illumination over the desired retail areas. Our sample size is much too small, however, to reach any conclusions about requirements in the broader population. Given the small number of subjects and very specific type of user, our results should be regarded as indicative rather than conclusive. We recommend replicating the method at larger scales and across a variety of user types and contexts. Policymakers should revisit the subject of recommended illuminance levels regularly as LED technology advances and the price/service balance point evolves.

Alstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

292

Argonne TTRDC - Smart Grid - Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Projects Projects smart grid plug The SAE J-1772 plug-in vehicle connector facilitates both charging and communication. compact metrology A prototype of Argonne's compact metrology system smart grid radio FPGA Field programmable gate array (FPGA) technologies to develop improved software-defined radios for the smart grid Codes and Standards Development Argonne researchers are helping create codes and standards that will enable widespread adoption of electric-drive transportation with smart grid interoperability. For example, the Society of Automotive Engineers' (SAE) J1772 connection standard will enable manufacturers to build compatible connector plugs and vehicle sockets that support both charging and two-way communication with utility companies. Another standard, SAE J2847, will

293

An experimental study on improvement of a Savonius rotor performance with curtaining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study introduces a new curtaining arrangement to improve the performance of Savonius wind rotors. The curtain arrangement was placed in front of the rotor preventing the negative torque opposite the rotor rotation. The geometrical parameters of the curtain arrangement were optimized to generate an optimum performance. The rotor with different curtain arrangements was tested out of a wind tunnel, and its performance was compared with that of the conventional rotor. The maximum power coefficient of the Savonius wind rotor is increased to about 38.5% with the optimum curtain arrangement. The experimental results showed that the performance of Savonius wind rotors could be improved with a suitable curtain arrangement. (author)

Altan, Burcin Deda; Atilgan, Mehmet [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Pamukkale University, Kinikli 20070 Denizli (Turkey); Oezdamar, Aydogan [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ege University, Bornova, 35100 Izmir (Turkey)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

I/O deduplication: utilizing content similarity to improve I/O performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Duplication of data in storage systems is becoming increasingly common. We introduce I/O Deduplication, a storage optimization that utilizes content similarity for improving I/O performance by eliminating I/O operations and reducing the mechanical delays ...

Ricardo Koller; Raju Rangaswami

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Integrated Approach Towards the Application of Horizontal Wells to Improve Waterflooding Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This final report describes the progress during the six year of the project on ''Integrated Approach Towards the Application of Horizontal Wells to Improve Waterflooding Performance.'' This report is funded under the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Class I program which is targeted towards improving the reservoir performance of mature oil fields located in fluvially-dominated deltaic deposits. The project involves using an integrated approach to characterize the reservoir followed by drilling of horizontal injection wells to improve production performance. The project was divided into two budget periods. In the first budget period, many modern technologies were used to develop a detailed reservoir management plan; whereas, in the second budget period, conventional data was used to develop a reservoir management plan. The idea was to determine the cost effectiveness of various technologies in improving the performance of mature oil fields.

Kelkar, Mohan; Liner, Chris; Kerr, Dennis

1999-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

An improved structural mechanics model for the FRAPCON nuclear fuel performance code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to provide improved predictions of Pellet Cladding Mechanical Interaction (PCMI) for the FRAPCON nuclear fuel performance code, a new model, the FRAPCON Radial-Axial Soft Pellet (FRASP) model, was developed. This ...

Mieloszyk, Alexander James

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

EASURING IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF THE U.S. CORN REFINING INDUSTRY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

| P | P a g e MEASURING IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF THE U.S. CORN REFINING INDUSTRY SPONSORED BY THE U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY AS PART OF THE ENERGY STAR® PROGRAM GALE A. BOYD AND CHRISTIAN DELGADO DUKE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS BOX 90097, DURHAM, NC 27708 JULY 10, 2012 2 | P a g e MEASURING IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF THE U.S. CORN REFINING INDUSTRY CONTENTS Figures .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3 Tables ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

298

Improved Cobalt Removal: Field Testing Phase: Effects of Normally Encountered Plant Impurities on Removal Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examined the effects of plant impurities on cobalt removal from liquid radioactive waste. Improved process knowledge is critical to utilities that are continually working to increase the performance of their low-level waste (LLW) treatment systems. This report provides predictive chemistry information for improved cobalt removal obtained from test work at Catawba Nuclear Station. It also provides test methodologies for performing similar evaluations at other member plants.

2001-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

299

NWTC Controllable Grid Interface (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL's Controllable Grid Interface tests wind turbines off-line from the grid, verifies compliance with standards, and provides grid operators with the performance information they need for a faction of the time and cost it would take to test the turbine in the field. To understand the behavior of wind turbines during grid disturbances, manufacturers and utility grid operators need to perform a series of tests and accurate transient simulation studies. The latest edition of the IEC 61400-21 standard describes methods for such tests that include low voltage ride-through (LVRT), active power set-point control, ramp rate limitations, and reactive power capability tests. The IEC methods are being widely adopted on both national and international levels by wind turbine manufacturers, certification authorities, and utilities. Utility operators also need to estimate how much power wind turbines might be able provide to help regulate grid frequency during situations when they need additional energy quickly, and after design modifications or changes are made to control software, manufacturers may be required to retest their turbines. But testing wind turbines in the field can be a lengthy and expensive process often requiring manufacturers and utility operators to send equipment and personnel to remote locations for long periods of time. NREL's National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) has developed a new Controllable Grid Interface (CGI) test system that can significantly reduce the time and cost required to conduct these tests. The CGI is first test facility in the United States that has fault simulation capabilities and allows manufacturers and system operators to conduct the tests required for certification in a controlled laboratory environment. It is the only system in the world that is fully integrated with two dynamometers and has the capacity to extend that integration to turbines in the field and to a matrix of electronic and mechanical storage devices, all of which are located within close proximity on the same site. NREL's 7.5 MVA CGI tests wind turbines off-line from the grid, verifies compliance with standards, and provides grid operators with the performance information they need for a fraction of the time and cost it would take to test the turbine in the field. The system combines hardware and real-time control software and is designed to operate with the NWTC's 2.5-MW dynamometer as well as the center's new 5-MW dynamometer test facilities. It is designed to work with four types of wind turbines, photovoltaic systems, and energy storage inverters. Results from the dynamometer tests can also be used to fine tune and validate the dynamic models used in integration studies and help industry improve turbine performance and develop test standards for renewable technologies and energy storage.

Not Available

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

TITLE XIII—SMART GRID SEC. 1305. SMART GRID ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. TITLE XIII—SMART GRID SEC. 1305. SMART GRID INTEROPERABILITY FRAMEWORK. (a) INTEROPERABILITY ...

2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Electric Power Transmission and Distribution (EPTD) Smart Grid Program (New  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Power Transmission and Distribution (EPTD) Smart Grid Electric Power Transmission and Distribution (EPTD) Smart Grid Program (New York) Electric Power Transmission and Distribution (EPTD) Smart Grid Program (New York) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New York Program Type Grant Program Provider New York State Energy Research and Development Authority Up to $10 million in funds is available from NYSERDA to support research and engineering studies, product development and demonstration projects that improve the reliability, efficiency, quality, and overall performance

302

New York State Electric & Gas Corporation Smart Grid Demonstration...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

using an existing salt cavern. The project will be designed with an innovative smart grid control system to improve grid reliability and enable the intergration of wind and other...

303

Value of a Smart Grid System | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Value of a Smart Grid System Value of a Smart Grid System Value of a Smart Grid System Implementing a Smart Grid is the effort to move the electric grid from a "static" to a "dynamic" state. Doing so improves the efficiency, reliability and cost-effectiveness of the electrical system's operations, planning and maintenance and creates a system that is interactive with consumers and markets, allowing better energy and dollar savings. Below we summarize the value of the Smart Grid from six perspectives. Value of a Smart Grid System More Documents & Publications Value of a Smart Grid System Smart Grid: Enabler of the New Energy Economy AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments to:DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical

304

BLACK-BOX MODELLING OF HVAC SYSTEM: IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCES OF NEURAL NETWORKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BLACK-BOX MODELLING OF HVAC SYSTEM: IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCES OF NEURAL NETWORKS Eric FOCK Ile de La Réunion - FRANCE ABSTRACT This paper deals with neural networks modelling of HVAC systems of HVAC system can be modelled using manufacturer design data presented as derived performance maps

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

305

Cooling-Tower Performance Prediction and Improvement: Volumes 1 and 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New data and methods enable engineers to predict and improve the thermal performance of evaporative cooling towers. Current EPRI research focuses on analytic tools that will help utilities avoid costly operating penalties associated with cooling towers that do not meet thermal performance specifications.

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Microsoft Word - LL-White Paper Prac_Improve_Perform.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LM/GJ1156-2006 LM/GJ1156-2006 ESL-RPT-2006-02 White Paper Sustainable Disposal Cell Covers: Legacy Management Practices, Improvements, and Long-Term Performance March 2006 Work Performed by S.M. Stoller Corporation under DOE Contract No. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, Grand Junction, Colorado U.S. Department of Energy Sustainable Disposal Cell Covers: LM Practices, Improvements, and Long-Term Performance March 2006 Doc. No. S0224000 Page iii Signature Page Sustainable Disposal Cell Covers: Legacy Management Practices, Improvements, and Long-Term Performance March 2006 Prepared By: ____________________________________________________ Jody Waugh

307

Approach for the Improvement of Energy Performance of a Stock of Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the work performed by CSTB, ADEME and the Ministry of equipment in France to improve the energy performance of the ministry stock of buildings: 7 millions square meters, 10 000 buildings, wide range of different buildings of different sizes and uses. The project has four major phases: analysis of existing tools for energy performance evaluation, identification of the endusers of the tools and definition of a building typology, development of tools adapted to the endusers, validation and improvement of the tools. Since the building managers' motivation is an important factor to improve the energy performance of the buildings, the study has tried to incorporate the endusers needs and constraints in the different phases of tools development.

Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Bouillon, J.; Crozier, L.; Guyot, G.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

An Approach for Using TFlash to Improve the Lightning Performance of Transmission Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TFlash is an advanced transmission line, lightning performance prediction software. TFlash's ability to predict whether lighting will cause a flashover can help in the design of new transmission lines and help modify existing transmission lines to improve performance. However, to make full use of the software, it is important for the user to have an understanding of the parameters that influence the lightning performance of the line. This report highlights the parameters and shows their influence by mean...

2009-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

309

Improved  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improved Improved cache performance in Monte Carlo transport calculations using energy banding A. Siegel a , K. Smith b , K. Felker c,∗ , P . Romano b , B. Forget b , P . Beckman c a Argonne National Laboratory, Theory and Computing Sciences and Nuclear Engineering Division b Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering c Argonne National Laboratory, Theory and Computing Sciences Abstract We present an energy banding algorithm for Monte Carlo (MC) neutral parti- cle transport simulations which depend on large cross section lookup tables. In MC codes, read-only cross section data tables are accessed frequently, ex- hibit poor locality, and are typically much too large to fit in fast memory. Thus, performance is often limited by long latencies to RAM, or by off-node communication latencies when the data footprint is very large and must be decomposed on

310

Feedback" An Article for Smart Grid News The Smart Grid Transition-Getting Started  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sharing Smart Grid Experiences through Performance Sharing Smart Grid Experiences through Performance Feedback" An Article for Smart Grid News The Smart Grid Transition-Getting Started We are on the ground floor of a Smart Grid transition that is leading us out of a centralized, information- limited infrastructure into an intelligent, modernized electric system. Simply put, our aim is to achieve a smarter grid, one that is merged with ubiquitous information and communication technologies that support a balance of centralized and distributed resources of all kinds and the active engagement of its consumers. Since 2005, a great deal of work has been done to define the vision for the Smart Grid and to communicate that vision to stakeholders. As a result, understanding has increased and many

311

Embedded Sensors and Controls to Improve Component Performance and Reliability Conceptual Design Report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to demonstrate improved reliability and increased performance made possible by deeply embedding instrumentation and controls (I&C) in nuclear power plant (NPP) components and systems. The project is employing a highly instrumented canned rotor, magnetic bearing, fluoride salt pump as its I&C technology demonstration platform. I&C is intimately part of the basic millisecond-by-millisecond functioning of the system; treating I&C as an integral part of the system design is innovative and will allow significant improvement in capabilities and performance. As systems become more complex and greater performance is required, traditional I&C design techniques become inadequate and more advanced I&C needs to be applied. New I&C techniques enable optimal and reliable performance and tolerance of noise and uncertainties in the system rather than merely monitoring quasistable performance. Traditionally, I&C has been incorporated in NPP components after the design is nearly complete; adequate performance was obtained through over-design. By incorporating I&C at the beginning of the design phase, the control system can provide superior performance and reliability and enable designs that are otherwise impossible. This report describes the progress and status of the project and provides a conceptual design overview for the platform to demonstrate the performance and reliability improvements enabled by advanced embedded I&C.

Kisner, R.; Melin, A.; Burress, T.; Fugate, D.; Holcomb, D.; Wilgen, J.; Miller, J.; Wilson, D.; Silva, P.; Whitlow, L.; Peretz, F.

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

Estimating the Costs and Benefits of the Smart Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present electric power delivery infrastructure was not designed to meet the increased demands of a restructured electricity marketplace, the energy needs of a digital society, or the increased use and variability of renewable power production. As a result, there is a national imperative to upgrade the current power delivery system to the higher performance levels required to support continued economic growth and to improve productivity to compete internationally. To these ends, the Smart Grid integra...

2011-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

313

Comments on the Request for Information on Improving Performance of Federal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on the Request for Information on Improving Performance of on the Request for Information on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects Comments on the Request for Information on Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects On August 29, 2013, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) published a Request for Information seeking information on a draft Integrated, Interagency Pre-Application (IIP) Process for significant onshore electric transmission projects requiring Federal authorizations. On September 25, the public comment period was extended to October 31, 2013. Comments received are available below. Comments from Lee Cunningham, sent September 23, 2013 Comments from Patrick Ledger of Arizona's G&T Cooperatives, sent September 25, 2013

314

Preliminary study of the potential for performance improvements in solar desiccant cooling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The basic operation of the desiccant cooling system is reviewed, and a preliminary evaluation of the potential for improving desiccant cooling system performance to COPs of 1.0 to 1.2 is performed. A second-law thermodynamic system analysis was carried out, demonstrating that present desiccant systems only achieve 10% to 15% of theoretical maximum performance and that a large potential for improvement exists. Computer simulations have been used to study the effects of improving desiccant properties and increasing the effectiveness of some components of the system. Results have shown that modification of desiccant properties can only produce a limited (10%) increase in COP. Larger increases can be achieved by increasing the effectiveness of the sensible heat exchanger. However, this study indicates that the key to obtaining higher COPs is in the design of the dehumidifier. One design that shows promise is the parallel passage dehumidifier.

Schlepp, D.R.; Barlow, R.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE GridPACK: Grid Parallel Advanced  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the FPGI GridOPTICSTM program and other tools developed at PNNL to provide synergistic tool development application of HPC to critical Power Grid simulations and provide great benefits to PNNL, DOE, and industrial and integrate them with sophisti- cated mathematical models to conduct November 2012 PNNL-SA-90076 Bruce Palmer

316

A novel data grid coherence protocol using pipeline-based aggressive copy method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grid systems are well-known for its high performance computing or large data storage with inexpensive devices. They can be categorized into two major types: computational grid and data grid. Data grid is used for data intensive applications. In data ... Keywords: data coherence, data grid, data replication

Reen-Cheng Wang; Su-Ling Wu; Ruay-Shiung Chang

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

IMPROVEMENT OF CdMnTe DETECTOR PERFORMANCE BY MnTe PURIFICATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Residual impurities in manganese (Mn) are a big obstacle to obtaining high-performance CdMnTe (CMT) X-ray and gamma-ray detectors. Generally, the zone-refining method is an effective way to improve the material's purity. In this work, we purified the MnTe compounds combining the zone-refining method with molten Te, which has a very high solubility for most impurities. We confirmed the improved purity of the material by glow-discharge mass spectrometry (GDMS). We also found that CMT crystals from a multiply-refined MnTe source, grown by the vertical Bridgman method, yielded better performing detectors.

Kim, K.H.; Bolotnikov, A.E.; Camarda, G.S.; Tappero, R.; Hossain, A.; Cui, Y.; Yang, G.; Gul, R.; and James, R.B.

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

318

Fluidic: Grid-Scale Batteries for Wind and Solar | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

up to 5,000 charge and discharge cycles - enough to support grid-scale integration of wind and solar power. Fluidic's battery could also help optimize electric grid performance...

319

Bridging HPC and grid file i/o with IOFSL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditionally, little interaction has taken place between the Grid and high-performance computing (HPC) storage research communities. Grid research often focused on optimizing data accesses for high-latency, wide-area networks, while HPC research focused ...

Jason Cope; Kamil Iskra; Dries Kimpe; Robert Ross

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

A BEMS-Assisted Commissioning Tool to Improve the Energy Performance of HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The evolving capabilities of Building Energy Management Systems (BEMS) offer new opportunities to automate some parts of the commissioning process and can generate benefits over the entire life of a building. These benefits include a reduction of process cost and manual effort on site, improved quality assurance process and the adoption of automated energy audit capabilities to improve overall building performance. This paper presents the concept for a new automated commissioning tool that verifies and optimizes the performance of building HVAC systems using the capabilities of BEMS. The tool is applicable mainly to commercial and institutional buildings. In its simplest form, the tool monitors building control data and stores it in a structured database to be used online or upon request. Data resulting from standardized test procedures invoked manually or automatically are also stored in the database. A reasoning algorithm performs an intelligent analysis of the monitored data and also performs additional automated commissioning of HVAC components and systems, identifying faults, diagnosing them, and evaluating the potential energy efficiency improvements. The process is completed by sending detailed comprehensive reports to the user. This paper also includes an example showing how an automated BEMS-assisted commissioning tool can potentially be applied to improve the energy performance of variable-air-volume fan systems.

Choiniere, D.; Corsi, M.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

GENI: Grid Hardware and Software  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GENI Project: The 15 projects in ARPA-E’s GENI program, short for “Green Electricity Network Integration,” aim to modernize the way electricity is transmitted in the U.S. through advances in hardware and software for the electric grid. These advances will improve the efficiency and reliability of electricity transmission, increase the amount of renewable energy the grid can utilize, and provide energy suppliers and consumers with greater control over their power flows in order to better manage peak power demand and cost.

None

2012-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

322

Smart Grid Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Smart Grid Overview Ben Kroposki, PhD, PE Director, Energy Systems IntegraLon NaLonal Renewable Energy Laboratory What is t he S mart Grid? and DER Source: NIST/EPRI Architecture Task Group The S mart Grid is the electricity producHon a nd delivery s ystem along with consumpHon integrated with communicaHons and informaHon technology The S mart Grid is an automated, widely distributed energy delivery network characterized by a two---way flow of electricity and informaHon, capable of monitoring a nd responding t o changes in everything f rom power plants to customer preferences t o individual appliances. 2 Grid ModernizaHon - Smart Grid Scope Transmission DistribuHon End---Use and DER 2010 Smart Grid System Report, February 2012 hNp://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2010%20Smart%20Grid%20System%20Report.pdf 3 Smart Grid Vision

323

Electric Power Industry Needs for Grid-Scale Storage Applications |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industry Needs for Grid-Scale Storage Applications Industry Needs for Grid-Scale Storage Applications Electric Power Industry Needs for Grid-Scale Storage Applications Stationary energy storage technologies will address the growing limitations of the electricity infrastructure and meet the increasing demand for renewable energy use. Widespread integration of energy storage devices offers many benefits, including the following: Alleviating momentary electricity interruptions Meeting peak demand Postponing or avoiding upgrades to grid infrastructure Facilitating the integration of high penetrations of renewable energy Providing other ancillary services that can improve the stability and resiliency of the electric grid Electric Power Industry Needs for Grid-Scale Storage Applications More Documents & Publications

324

Smart Grid Consortium, Response of New York State Smart Grid...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consortium, Response of New York State Smart Grid Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Smart Grid Consortium, Response of New York State Smart Grid Addressing Policy and...

325

A design for improved performance of interior permanent magnet synchronous motor for hybrid electric vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the layout of a magnet shape on the performance of an interior permanent magnet (IPM) synchronous motor. The motor is used in a hybrid electric vehicle. The IPM motor is a pancake shaped motor that has permanent magnets inside the rotor. The motor acts as a rotational electrodynamic machine between the engine and transmission. The main purpose of redesigning the shape of the magnet is to improve the motor performance

Seong Yeop Lim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Recovery Act Funds at Work: Smart Grid Investment Grant Profiles |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Funds at Work: Smart Grid Investment Grant Profiles Funds at Work: Smart Grid Investment Grant Profiles Recovery Act Funds at Work: Smart Grid Investment Grant Profiles DOE is working with regional and local utilities and co-ops across the nation to improve the reliability of the grid and helping communities recover faster when disruptions occur. Case studies are available from several grant recipients describing how Smart Grid Investment Grants are making an impact. Additional information is available on SmartGrid.gov, including impact metrics, tracking data, and specifics on all projects. Case Study - Oklahoma Gas and Electric - Using Time-Based Rate Program to Reduce Peak Demand - April 2013 Case Study - Idaho Power Company - Smart Grid Savings and Grid Integration of Renewables - April 2013 Case Study - Powder River Energy Corp - Providing Grid Flexibility in WY

327

Modern Smart Grid Offers Consumers the Power of Choice | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modern Smart Grid Offers Consumers the Power of Choice Modern Smart Grid Offers Consumers the Power of Choice Modern Smart Grid Offers Consumers the Power of Choice February 7, 2011 - 9:19am Addthis Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Home energy assessments are a practical, straightforward way to improve the overall efficiency of your home. Learning how to better manage home energy use can lead to significant cost savings. You may have enlisted the help of a professional auditor to perform the evaluation or relied on an annual, do-it-yourself review-but what if you could monitor your home's energy use on a monthly, weekly, or even daily basis? That's exactly what Smart Grid technology offers-providing both consumers and utilities with the information to better manage electricity use, in

328

Neural network predictive control of UPFC for improving transient stability performance of power system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a neural network predictive controller for the UPFC to improve the transient stability performance of the power system. A neural network model for the power system is trained using the backpropagation learning method employing the ... Keywords: Identification, Neural networks, Power system transient stability, Predictive control, Unified power flow controller (UPFC)

Sheela Tiwari; Ram Naresh; R. Jha

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Improving Performance and Quality of Working Life: A Model for Organizational Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improving Performance and Quality of Working Life: A Model for Organizational Health Assessment of organizational health blends the pursuit of individual wellness with organiza- tional effectiveness to yield a strategy for economic resilience. This article introduces a novel model for organizational health

Huang, Samuel H.

330

Managing Risk and Improving Financial Performance for an Aging Turbo-Generator Fleet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document is a brief guide for maintenance staff on effectively using the PowerPoint slideshow, A Proposal to Better Manage Risk and Improve Financial Performance of an Aging Turbo-Generator Fleet, as a starting point for discussing the issue with plant management.

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

331

Performance evaluation of an improved harmony search algorithm for numerical optimization: Melody Search (MS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Melody Search (MS) Algorithm as an innovative improved version of Harmony Search optimization method, with a novel Alternative Improvisation Procedure (AIP) is presented in this paper. MS algorithm mimics performance processes of the group improvisation ... Keywords: Alternative improvisation procedure, Harmony search, Melody Search algorithm, Numerical optimization, Stochastic search methods

S. M. Ashrafi; A. B. Dariane

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Bioinformatics algorithm development for Grid environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Grid environment can be viewed as a virtual computing architecture that provides the ability to perform higher throughput computing by taking advantage of many computers geographically dispersed and connected by a network. Bioinformatics applications ... Keywords: Bioinformatics, Data analysis, Grid computing, Protein classification, Semi-automated tool, Workflow design

Fotis E. Psomopoulos; Pericles A. Mitkas

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Report on Customer Service Performance Measures in UK Network SQUEEZING HARD TO IMPROVE QUALITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

....................................................... Page 4 2.0 ELECTRICITY: SUPPLY, DISTRIBUTION & TRANSMISSION DISTRIBUTION ..................................... Page 23 2.3 ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION ­ The National Grid measures, as imposed by the economic regulators of water and sewerage services, electricity (supply

Feigon, Brooke

334

FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE GridOPTICSTM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of individual software products November 2012 PNNL-SA-90162 Ian Gorton Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (509) 375-3850 ian.gorton@pnnl.gov ABOUT FPGI The Future Power Grid Initiative (FPGI) will deliver next National Laboratory's (PNNL) national electric grid research facility, the FPGI will advance the science

335

Integrating New and Emerging Technologies into the California Smart Grid Infrastructure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Achieving a smart grid for California will require the merging of two primary infrastructures: the electrical power system and a communications infrastructure, including information systems that incorporate common information models and interoperability guidelines. The intelligent applications and technologies made possible by the communications infrastructure will improve the performance of the system, allow integration of distributed resources, enable electric service innovations, and support the relia...

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

336

NERSC and HDF Group Optimize HDF5 Library to Improve I/O Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and HDF Group and HDF Group Optimize HDF5 Library to Improve I/O Performance NERSC and HDF Group Optimize HDF5 Library to Improve I/O Performance June 28, 2010 A common complaint among air travelers on short trips is that the time it takes to get in and out of the airplane and airports can be as long as the flight itself. In computer terms, that's a classic input/output (I/O) problem. Supercomputer users sometimes face a similar problem: the computer tears through the calculations with amazing speed, but the time it takes to write the resulting data to disk ends up slowing down the whole job. There are several layers of software that deal with I/O on high performance computing (HPC) systems. The filesystem software, such as Lustre or GPFS, is closest to the hardware and deals with the physical access and storage

337

Grid Applications Dr Gabrielle Allen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

performance analysis with high-rate data "UCOMS" #12;Oil Industry in Louisiana Major oil producing state in US of Computer Science Louisiana State University gallen@cct.lsu.edu Grid Summer Workshop June 26-30, 2006 Some Computing & Monitoring System for Discovery & Management of Energy Resources" ! DOE/Louisiana BOR funded

Allen, Gabrielle

338

Substation Ground Grid Impedance Measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because safety impacts all segments of the electric power industry, the integrity and conformance to standards of substation grounding systems is of paramount importance. This report summarizes field demonstrations of commercially available meters for performance evaluation of large grounding systems, including the EPRI Ground Grid Evaluator (commercially known as the Smart Ground Multimeter or SGM).

2007-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

339

Fuel rod support grid  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A grid for the support of nuclear fuel rods arranged in a triangular array. The grid is formed by concentric rings of strap joined by radially arranged web sections.

Downs, Robert E. (Monroeville, PA); Schwallie, Ambrose L. (Greensburg, PA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A transparent grid filesystem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Existing data management solutions fail to adequately support data management needs at the inter-grid (interoperability) level. We describe a possible solution, a transparent grid filesystem, and consider in detail a challenging use case.

Brian Coghlan; Geoff Quigley; Soha Maad; Gabriele Pierantoni; John Ryan; Eamonn Kenny; David O'Callaghan

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Method of grid generation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a method of grid generation that uses the geometry of the problem space and the governing relations to generate a grid. The method can generate a grid with minimized discretization errors, and with minimal user interaction. The method of the present invention comprises assigning grid cell locations so that, when the governing relations are discretized using the grid, at least some of the discretization errors are substantially zero. Conventional grid generation is driven by the problem space geometry; grid generation according to the present invention is driven by problem space geometry and by governing relations. The present invention accordingly can provide two significant benefits: more efficient and accurate modeling since discretization errors are minimized, and reduced cost grid generation since less human interaction is required.

Barnette, Daniel W. (Veguita, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Smart Grid.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electric vehicles and the smart grid " Presented at " Plug-In 2011" June 19, 2011" EV SMART GRID INTEGRATION" n Off peak energy sales" * AMR smart meter" * TOU EV rate" n...

343

Smart Grid Video  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Video: Smart Grid Technology Interactive Model Argonne engineer Ted Bohn talks about the smart grid and how it could help consumers. By making two-way communication a central part...

344

First-Ever Demonstration of Quantum Cryptography to Improve Security...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

First-Ever Demonstration of Quantum Cryptography to Improve Security of the Electric Grid First-Ever Demonstration of Quantum Cryptography to Improve Security of the Electric Grid...

345

Smart Grid Leadership Report: Global Smart Grid Implementation Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Through its Smart Grid Demonstration Initiative, EPRI and the Galvin Electricity Initiative developed a survey to assess the development and deployment of Smart Grid projects worldwide. The survey identified leaders in Smart Grid advancement, key applications, drivers in developing a Smart Grid project, and lessons learned from Smart Grid initiatives, with emphasis on the integration of distributed energy resources with grid operation. Critical to Smart Grid success is coordination of Smart Grid research...

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

346

Smart Grid Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Science for Distributed Energy Resources and ... Power Conditioning Systems for Renewables, Storage, and ... Building Integration with Smart Grid ...

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Grid Transformation Workshop Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an earlier white paper entitled Needed: A Grid Operating System to Facilitate Grid Transformation; EPRI; Palo Alto, CA: 2011; 1023223, we set the stage for a new grid operating system called Grid 3.0. Since that time we have identified four core research areas that are required to achieve the expected outcome. These research areas are called: seamless geospatial power system model, seamless power system analytics, integrated energy management system and setting-less protection method. While each area ...

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

348

High assurance smart grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As electrical grids evolve through the introduction of additional 'smart' sensors and actuators, cyber security becomes an even more significant factor. Information Assurance controls must be implemented throughout the grid, from large scale power generating ... Keywords: Smart Grid, cyber security, information assurance, standards, trust model

Thomas M. Overman; Terry L. Davis; Ronald W. Sackman

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Metagenomics Smart power grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metagenomics Smart power grid The new weapons workhorse Laser on Mars LOS ALAMOS SCIENCE'll read about a unique collaboration to create a "smart" power grid to accommodate an increasing, TECHNOLOGY, AND ENGINEERING 2 8 14 Dynamic Vision DARHT FULFILLS ITS DESTINY Solar Smart Grid in the Atomic

350

Integrated approach towards the Application of Horizontal Wells to Improve Waterflooding Performance. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This annual report describes the progress during the first year of the project on Integrated Approach Towards the Application of Horizontal Wells to Improve Waterflooding Performance. This project is funded under the Department of Energy`s Class I program which is targeted towards improving the reservoir performance of mature oil fields located in fluvial-dominated deltaic deposits. The project involves an integrated approach to characterize the reservoir followed by drilling of horizontal injection wells to improve production performance. The type of data the authors intend to integrate includes cross bore hole seismic surveys, geological interpretation based on logs and cores, and engineering information. This report covers the first phase of the project which includes a detailed reservoir description of the field based on the available information, followed by flow simulation of the Self Unit to compare the simulated result with the historical performance. Based on the simulated results, a vertical test well was drilled to validate this reservoir description. The well will also be used as a source well for a cross bore hole seismic survey. This report discusses the related geophysical, geological and engineering activities leading to the drilling of the vertical test well. The validation phase and the collection of the cross bore hole survey has just begun, and the results will be presented in the next annual report.

Kelkar, M.; Liner, C.; Kerr, D.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Large-Scale Data Challenges in Future Power Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes technical challenges in supporting large-scale real-time data analysis for future power grid systems and discusses various design options to address these challenges. Even though the existing U.S. power grid has served the nation remarkably well over the last 120 years, big changes are in the horizon. The widespread deployment of renewable generation, smart grid controls, energy storage, plug-in hybrids, and new conducting materials will require fundamental changes in the operational concepts and principal components. The whole system becomes highly dynamic and needs constant adjustments based on real time data. Even though millions of sensors such as phase measurement units (PMUs) and smart meters are being widely deployed, a data layer that can support this amount of data in real time is needed. Unlike the data fabric in cloud services, the data layer for smart grids must address some unique challenges. This layer must be scalable to support millions of sensors and a large number of diverse applications and still provide real time guarantees. Moreover, the system needs to be highly reliable and highly secure because the power grid is a critical piece of infrastructure. No existing systems can satisfy all the requirements at the same time. We examine various design options. In particular, we explore the special characteristics of power grid data to meet both scalability and quality of service requirements. Our initial prototype can improve performance by orders of magnitude over existing general-purpose systems. The prototype was demonstrated with several use cases from PNNL’s FPGI and was shown to be able to integrate huge amount of data from a large number of sensors and a diverse set of applications.

Yin, Jian; Sharma, Poorva; Gorton, Ian; Akyol, Bora A.

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

352

Examples of Smart Grid Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Examples of Smart Grid Standards. Hundreds of standards will be required for an efficient and effective smart grid. Historically ...

2013-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

353

NIST and the Smart Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 4b. Smart Grid Standards Assessment 4b. Smart Grid Standards Assessment 4a. Security Architecture 4a. Security Architecture ...

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

354

NIST Testimony on Smart Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Testimony on Smart Grid. 2011. ... G. Arnold House Science Committee Testimony, July 1, 2010 Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Progress. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

355

Smart Grid: Creating Jobs while Delivering Reliable,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Smart Grid: Creating Jobs while Delivering Reliable, Smart Grid: Creating Jobs while Delivering Reliable, Environmentally-friendly Energy Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 2 March, 2010 - 14:14 imported OpenEI On April 16th, 2009, Vice President Joe Biden announced that the Department of Energy was planning to develop a stronger, more reliable energy grid. The plan would allocate $3.4 billion in funds to be distributed across the nation, aiding projects aimed at improving and updating the current electrical power grid in the United States. Two projects are funded by smart grid: smaller and larger. Smaller projects range from $300,000 to $20,000,000. These projects typically focus on upgrading equipment in less populated ares. Larger projects range from

356

Advanced resource connector middleware for lightweight computational Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As computational Grids move away from the prototyping state, reliability, performance and ease of use and maintenance become focus areas of their adoption. In this paper, we describe ARC (Advanced Resource Connector) Grid middleware, where these issues ... Keywords: cluster, distributed computing, globus, grid, linux, middleware, scheduling

M. Ellert; M. Grønager; A. Konstantinov; B. Kónya; J. Lindemann; I. Livenson; J. L. Nielsen; M. Niinimäki; O. Smirnova; A. Wäänänen

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Performance improvement of a PEMFC using fuels with CO by addition of oxygen-evolving compounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method is described to improve the performance of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) using reformed methanol or H{sub 2}/CO as fuels. The addition of liquid hydrogen peroxide to the humidification water for the fuel gas leads to a heterogeneous decomposition of H{sub 2}O{sub 2} and formation of active oxygen. In this way adsorbed CO is oxidized nonelectrochemically to CO{sub 2} and the blocking of the hydrogen oxidation reaction at the anode can be avoided. It is demonstrated that a complete recovery of the CO-free performance is achieved for H{sub 2}/100 ppm CO.

Schmidt, V.M.; Oetjen, H.F.; Divisek, J. [Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany). Inst. fuer Energieverfahrenstechnik

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Remedial System Performance Improvement for the 200-ZP-1_PW-1 Operable Units at Hanford  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hanford Operations Review Report: Feasibility Study Strategies and Remedial System Performance Improvement for the 200- ZP-1/PW-1 Operable Units at Hanford Prepared for Office of Groundwater and Soil Remediation Office of Environmental Management February 9, 2007 i EXECUTIVE SUMMARY At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy, Headquarters' Office of Environmental Management, the Office of Groundwater and Soil Remediation (EM-22), performed a Remediation System Evaluation (RSE) of the 200-ZP-1/PW-1 groundwater pump and treat (P&T) system, as well as the vadose zone Soil Vapor Extraction (SVE) system at the Hanford

359

DOE-HDBK-1028-2009; Human Performance Improvement Handbook, Volume 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

028-2009 028-2009 June 2009 DOE STANDARD HUMAN PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT HANDBOOK VOLUME 1: CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES U.S. Department of Energy AREA HFAC Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE Available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/ns/techstds/ DOE-HDBK-1028-2009 i VOLUME 1: CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES PREFACE ....................................................................................................................... v Reading The Handbook ............................................................................................... vi CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN PERFORMANCE..............1-1

360

Improvement of capabilities of the Distributed Electrochemistry Modeling Tool for investigating SOFC long term performance  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides an overview of the work performed for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) modeling during the 2012 Winter/Spring Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internship at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). A brief introduction on the concept, operation basics and applications of fuel cells is given for the general audience. Further details are given regarding the modifications and improvements of the Distributed Electrochemistry (DEC) Modeling tool developed by PNNL engineers to model SOFC long term performance. Within this analysis, a literature review on anode degradation mechanisms is explained and future plans of implementing these into the DEC modeling tool are also proposed.

Gonzalez Galdamez, Rinaldo A.; Recknagle, Kurtis P.

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Cu-Pd Hydrogen Separation Membranes with Reduced Palladium Content and Improved Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cu-Pd Hydrogen Separation Membranes with Reduced Cu-Pd Hydrogen Separation Membranes with Reduced Palladium Content and Improved Performance Opportunity This patent-pending technology, "Cu-Pd Hydrogen Separation Membranes with Reduced Palladium Content and Improved Performance," consists of copper-palladium alloy compositions for hydrogen separation membranes that use less palladium and have a potential increase in hydrogen permeability and resistance to sulfur degradation compared to currently available copper-palladium membranes. This technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research with the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Overview NETL is working to help produce and deliver hydrogen from fossil fuels including coal in commercially applicable and environmentally

362

Performance Improvements to the Neutron Imaging System at the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect

A team headed by LANL and including many members from LLNL and NSTec LO and NSTec LAO fielded a neutron imaging system (NIS) at the National Ignition Facility at the start of 2011. The NIS consists of a pinhole array that is located 32.5 cm from the source and that creates an image of the source in a segmented scintillator 28 m from the source. The scintillator is viewed by two gated, optical imaging systems: one that is fiber coupled, and one that is lens coupled. While there are a number of other pieces to the system related to pinhole alignment, collimation, shielding and data acquisition, those pieces are discussed elsewhere and are not relevant here. The system is operational and has successfully obtained data on more that ten imaging shots. This remainder of this whitepaper is divided in five main sections. In Section II, we identify three critical areas of improvement that we believe should be pursued to improve the performance of the system for future experiments: spatial resolution, temporal response and signal-to-noise ratio. In Section III, we discuss technologies that could be used to improve these critical performance areas. In Section IV, we describe a path to evolve the current system to achieve improved performance with minimal impact on the ability of the system to operate on shots. In Section V, we discuss the abilities, scope and timescales of the current teams and the Commissariat energie atomique (CEA). In Section VI, we summarize and make specific recommendations for collaboration on improvements to the NIS.

Fittinghoff, D N; Bower, D E; Drury, O B; Dzenitis, J M; Hatarik, R; Merrill, F E; Grim, G P; Wilde, C H; Wilson, D C; Landoas, O; Caillaud, T; Bourgade, J; Buckles, R A; Lee, J; Weiss, P B

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

363

Grid Collector: Facilitating Efficient Selective Access from DataGrids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Grid Collector is a system that facilitates the effective analysis and spontaneous exploration of scientific data. It combines an efficient indexing technology with a Grid file management technology to speed up common analysis jobs on high-energy physics data and to enable some previously impractical analysis jobs. To analyze a set of high-energy collision events, one typically specifies the files containing the events of interest, reads all the events in the files, and filters out unwanted ones. Since most analysis jobs filter out significant number of events, a considerable amount of time is wasted by reading the unwanted events. The Grid Collector removes this inefficiency by allowing users to specify more precisely what events are of interest and to read only the selected events. This speeds up most analysis jobs. In existing analysis frameworks, the responsibility of bringing files from tertiary storages or remote sites to local disks falls on the users. This forces most of analysis jobs to be performed at centralized computer facilities where commonly used files are kept on large shared file systems. The Grid Collector automates file management tasks and eliminates the labor-intensive manual file transfers. This makes it much easier to perform analyses that require data files on tertiary storages and remote sites. It also makes more computer resources available for analysis jobs since they are no longer bound to the centralized facilities.

Wu, Kesheng; Gu, Junmin; Lauret, Jerome; Poskanzer, Arthur M.; Shoshani, Arie; Sim, Alexander; Zhang, Wei-Ming

2005-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

364

Valve Packing Performance Improvement: Sealing Technology and Plant Leakage Reduction Series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

"Valve Packing Performance Improvement" is the seventh in a series of training modules addressing leakage at nuclear power plants. The first six modules in this series address: o Leakage management programs o Assembling bolted joints with spiral-wound gaskets o Preload requirements for bolted joints with spiral-wound gaskets o Lube oil system leakage mitigation o Leakage reduction from threaded joints o Leakage reduction from bolted joints with sheet gaskets

2002-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

365

Improving Steam System Performance: A Sourcebook for Industry, Second Edition (Book) (Revised)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improving Steam System Performance: A Sourcebook for Industry was developed for the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO), formerly the Industrial Technologies Program. AMO undertook this project as a series of sourcebook publications. Other topics in this series include: compressed air systems, pumping systems, fan systems, process heating and motor and drive systems. For more information about program resources, see AMO in the Where to Find Help section of this publication.

Not Available

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

National Transmission Grid Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grid Study Grid Study U.S. Department of Energy The Honorable Spencer Abraham Secretary of Energy May 2002 ii National Transmission Grid Study National Transmission Grid Study i ii National Transmission Grid Study National Transmission Grid Study iii How This Study Was Conducted The National Energy Policy Plan directed the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study to examine the benefits of establishing a national electricity transmission grid and to identify transmission bottlenecks and measures to address them. DOE began by conducting an independent analysis of U.S. electricity markets and identifying transmission system bottlenecks using DOE's Policy Office Electricity Modeling System (POEMS). DOE's analysis, presented in Section 2, confirms the central role of the nation's transmission

367

Understanding The Smart Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report provides an overview of what the Smart Grid is and what is being done to define and implement it. The electric industry is preparing to undergo a transition from a centralized, producer-controlled network to a decentralized, user-interactive one. Not only will the technology involved in the electric grid change, but the entire business model of the industry will change too. A major objective of the report is to identify the changes that the Smart Grid will bring about so that industry participants can be prepared to face them. A concise overview of the development of the Smart Grid is provided. It presents an understanding of what the Smart Grid is, what new business opportunities or risks might come about due to its introduction, and what activities are already taking place regarding defining or implementing the Smart Grid. This report will be of interest to the utility industry, energy service providers, aggregators, and regulators. It will also be of interest to home/building automation vendors, information technology vendors, academics, consultants, and analysts. The scope of the report includes an overview of the Smart Grid which identifies the main components of the Smart Grid, describes its characteristics, and describes how the Smart Grid differs from the current electric grid. The overview also identifies the key concepts involved in the transition to the Smart Grid and explains why a Smart Grid is needed by identifying the deficiencies of the current grid and the need for new investment. The report also looks at the impact of the Smart Grid, identifying other industries which have gone through a similar transition, identifying the overall benefits of the Smart Grid, and discussing the impact of the Smart Grid on industry participants. Furthermore, the report looks at current activities to implement the Smart Grid including utility projects, industry collaborations, and government initiatives. Finally, the report takes a look at key technology providers involved in the Smart Grid and provides profiles on them including contact information, company overviews, technology reviews, and key Smart Grid activities.

NONE

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

DOE-HDBK-1028-2009; Human Performance Improvement Handbook, Volume 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

028-2009 028-2009 June 2009 DOE STANDARD HUMAN PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT HANDBOOK VOLUME 2: HUMAN PERFORMANCE TOOLS FOR INDIVIDUALS, WORK TEAMS, AND MANAGEMENT U.S. Department of Energy AREA HFAC Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Website at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/ns/techstds/ DOE-HDBK-1028-2009 Human Performance Tools i Foreword This good practice handbook provides a set of practical methods and techniques for anticipating, preventing, and catching active human errors; and, more importantly, identifying and mitigating latent errors attributable to organizational factors.

369

Can incentive regulation improve utility performance. The inherent danger of a simple answer  

SciTech Connect

US electric utilities face fewer incentives for efficient performance than nonregulated firms that operate in competitive markets, so regulators have traditionally relied on regulatory lag and a scrutiny of costs and management procedures. Characterizing the incentive programs which have been implemented by many state regulatory commissions as misguided, the author identifies an alternative adjustment mechanism with a potential for more effective promotion of utility performance improvements. The automatic rate adjustment mechanism (ARAM) links adjustments to cost elements recovered in a utility's rates to changes in external cost indexes for those cost elements. Ratepayers and utility shareholders would be better served by a regulatory scheme that relies on market forces, not shadow managements, to ensure efficient performance.

Goins, D.

1985-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

370

Transdisciplinary electric power grid science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 20th-century engineering feat that most improved the quality of human life, the electric power system, now faces discipline-spanning challenges that threaten that distinction. So multilayered and complex that they resemble ecosystems, power grids face risks from their interdependent cyber, physical, social and economic layers. Only with a holistic understanding of the dynamics of electricity infrastructure and human operators, automatic controls, electricity markets, weather, climate and policy can we fortify worldwide access to electricity.

Brummitt, Charles D; Dobson, Ian; Moore, Cristopher; D'Souza, Raissa M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

The Open Science Grid  

SciTech Connect

The Open Science Grid (OSG) provides a distributed facility where the Consortium members provide guaranteed and opportunistic access to shared computing and storage resources. OSG provides support for and evolution of the infrastructure through activities that cover operations, security, software, troubleshooting, addition of new capabilities, and support for existing and engagement with new communities. The OSG SciDAC-2 project provides specific activities to manage and evolve the distributed infrastructure and support its use. The innovative aspects of the project are the maintenance and performance of a collaborative (shared & common) petascale national facility over tens of autonomous computing sites, for many hundreds of users, transferring terabytes of data a day, executing tens of thousands of jobs a day, and providing robust and usable resources for scientific groups of all types and sizes. More information can be found at the OSG web site: www.opensciencegrid.org.

Pordes, Ruth; /Fermilab; Kramer, Bill; Olson, Doug; / /LBL, Berkeley; Livny, Miron; Roy, Alain; /Wisconsin U., Madison; Avery, Paul; /Florida U.; Blackburn, Kent; /Caltech; Wenaus, Torre; /Brookhaven; Wurthwein, Frank; /UC, San Diego; Gardner, Rob; Wilde, Mike; /Chicago U. /Indiana U.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Performance improvement of a solar heating system utilizing off-peak electric auxiliary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The design and construction of a heat pump system suitable for incorporating in a space solar heating system utilizing off-peak storage from the electric utility are described. The performance of the system is evaluated. The refrigerating capacity, heating capacity and compressor horsepower for a heat pump system using a piston type compressor are first determined. The heat pump design is also matched with the existing University of Toledo solar house heating system. The refrigerant is Freon-12 working between a condensing temperature of up to 172/sup 0/F and evaporator temperature between 0/sup 0/F and 75/sup 0/F. The heat pump is then installed. Performance indices for the heat pump and the heating system in general are defined and generated by the on-line computer monitoring system for the 1979/80 heating season operation. Monthly and seasonal indices such as heat pump coefficient of performance, collector efficiency, percent of heating load supplied by solar energy and individual components efficiencies in general are recorded. The data collected is then analyzed and compared with previously collected data. The improvement in the performance resulting from the addition of a piston type compressor with an external motor belt drive is then evaluated. Data collected points to the potentially improved operating performance of a solar heating system utilizing off-peak storage from the electric utility. Data shows that the seasonal percent of space heating load supplied by solar is 60% and the seasonal percent cost of space heating load supplied by solar is 82% with a solar collection coefficient of performance of 4.6. Data also indicates that such a system would pay for itself in 14 years when used in Northwest Ohio.

Eltimsahy, A.H.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Surface Treatments for Improved Performance of Spinel-coated AISI 441 Ferritic Stainless Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ferritic stainless steels are promising candidates for IT-SOFC interconnect applications due to their low cost and resistance to oxidation at SOFC operating temperatures. However, steel candidates face several challenges; including long term oxidation under interconnect exposure conditions, which can lead to increased electrical resistance, surface instability, and poisoning of cathodes due to volatilization of Cr. To potentially extend interconnect lifetime and improve performance, a variety of surface treatments were performed on AISI 441 ferritic stainless steel coupons prior to application of a protective spinel coating. The coated coupons were then subjected to oxidation testing at 800 and 850°C in air, and electrical testing at 800°C in air. While all of the surface-treatments resulted in improved surface stability (i.e., increased spallation resistance) compared to untreated AISI 441, the greatest degree of improvement (through 20,000 hours of testing at 800°C and 14,000 hours of testing at 850°C) was achieved by surface blasting.

Stevenson, Jeffry W.; Riel, Eric M.; Stephens, Elizabeth V.; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Recent Updates to NRC Fuel Performance Codes and Plans for Future Improvements  

SciTech Connect

FRAPCON-3.4a and FRAPTRAN 1.4 are the most recent versions of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) steady-state and transient fuel performance codes, respectively. These codes have been assessed against separate effects data and integral assessment data and have been determined to provide a best estimate calculation of fuel performance. Recent updates included in FRAPCON-3.4a include updated material properties models, models for new fuel and cladding types, cladding finite element analysis capability, and capability to perform uncertainty analyses and calculate upper tolerance limits for important outputs. Recent updates included in FRAPTRAN 1.4 include: material properties models that are consistent with FRAPCON-3.4a, cladding failure models that are applicable for loss-of coolant-accident and reactivity initiated accident modeling, and updated heat transfer models. This paper briefly describes these code updates and data assessments, highlighting the particularly important improvements and data assessments. This paper also discusses areas of improvements that will be addressed in upcoming code versions.

Geelhood, Kenneth J.

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

375

Synthesizing Realistic Computational Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Realistic workloads are essential in evaluating middleware for computational grids. One important component is the raw grid itself: a network topology graph annotated with the hardware and software available on each node and link. This paper defines our requirements for grid generation and presents GridG, our extensible generator. We describe GridG in two steps: topology generation and annotation. For topology generation, we have both model and mechanism. We extend Tiers, an existing tool from the networking community, to produce graphs that obey recently discovered power laws of Internet topology. We also contribute to network topology theory by illustrating a contradiction between two laws and proposing a new version of one of them. For annotation, GridG captures intra- and inter-host correlations between attributes using conditional probability rules. We construct a set of rules, including one based on empirical evidence of OS concentration in subnets, that produce sensible host annotations.

Dong Lu; Peter A. Dinda

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Maturity Model for Advancing Smart Grid Interoperability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract—Interoperability is about the properties of devices and systems to connect and work properly. Advancing interoperability eases integration and maintenance of the resulting interconnection. This leads to faster integration, lower labor and component costs, predictability of projects and the resulting performance, and evolutionary paths for upgrade. When specifications are shared and standardized, competition and novel solutions can bring new value streams to the community of stakeholders involved. Advancing interoperability involves reaching agreement for how things join at their interfaces. The quality of the agreements and the alignment of parties involved in the agreement present challenges that are best met with process improvement techniques. The GridWise® Architecture Council (GWAC) sponsored by the United States Department of Energy is supporting an effort to use concepts from capability maturity models used in the software industry to advance interoperability of smart grid technology. An interoperability maturity model has been drafted and experience is being gained through trials on various types of projects and community efforts. This paper describes the value and objectives of maturity models, the nature of the interoperability maturity model and how it compares with other maturity models, and experiences gained with its use.

Knight, Mark; Widergren, Steven E.; Mater, J.; Montgomery, Austin

2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

377

A Smarter Transmission Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our modern transmission grid transports bulk power over long distances and across many provincial boundaries, but ever-increasing energy demands are significantly transforming it. Worldwide, many catalysts are driving this transformation, including emerging supply- and demand-side technologies, cyber security concerns, and aging infrastructures, to name just a few. As the grid transforms and more grid-connected renewable resources complicate reliability, it will be increasingly difficult to meet its futu...

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

378

Privacy in the Smart Grid Smart Grid 101  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Privacy in the Smart Grid #12;Smart Grid 101 Energy and information flows in many directions, from Distributed Generation & StorageThird party services #12;#12;Smart Grid Hopes/Promises #1 ­Better Utilization Grid Hopes/ Promisses (II) "The Smart Grid will:" · Reduce CO2 emissions by up to 480 MMT by 2020

Hoepman, Jaap-Henk

379

Hybrid Contacts for CZT Virtual Frisch-grid Detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In our previous design of virtual Frisch-grid CdZnTe (CZT) detectors, the charge drift-lines can be terminated at the side surfaces before the carriers reach the collecting anode; this results in a loss of signal from the interacting events near the detector's edges. Here, we describe our new design for the anode contact that reduces these edge effects by focusing the electric field towards the detectors' central axes. Four detectors were fabricated with the new hybrid anode contact, and their performances were evaluated and compared to those from the previous design for our virtual Frisch-grid detectors. The results obtained for all four showed similar improvement: therefore, we illustrate them with the findings from one detector.

Camarda G.; Bolotnikov, A.E.; Chan, W.; Cui, Y.; Gul R.; Hossain, A.; Kim, K.; Yang, G.; James, R.B.

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

380

Smart Grid Communication Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ITL staff led the evaluation of networking technologies for Smart Grid communication applications. ITL's staff lead the SGIP Priority Action Plans ...

2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Grid Integration Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid Integration Group The Demand Response Research Center (DRRC) conducts research that advances the near-term adoption of demand response (DR) technologies, policies, programs,...

382

Access Grid - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"The Access Grid (AG) is the ensemble of resources that can be used to support ... We shall also illustrate the basic capture capacities that Smart Technology's ...

383

Smart Grid International Coordination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Report on the APEC Workshop on Regulatory Approaches to Smart Grid Investment & Deployment (pdf) Release Date: May 16-17,2012 The ...

2013-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

384

Providing Grid Flexibility in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Providing Grid Flexibility in Wyoming and Montana Introduction Powder River Energy Corporation (PRECorp) is an electric cooperative serving approximately 11,900 customers in a...

385

AVESTAR® - Smart Grid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that can be exploited in research on dynamics, control, and decision-making to optimize smart grid operations and stability. The AVESTAR Center will also provide a realistic,...

386

Smart grid update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 100 Bureau Drive, M/S 8100 Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8100. *. Bookmark and Share. Smart Grid Update. 2013. June; October.

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

387

Grid Logging: Best Practices Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to help developers of Grid middleware and application software generate log files that will be useful to Grid administrators, users, developers and Grid middleware itself. Currently, most of the currently generated log files are only useful to the author of the program. Good logging practices are instrumental to performance analysis, problem diagnosis, and security auditing tasks such as incident tracing and damage assessment. This document does not discuss the issue of a logging API. It is assumed that a standard log API such as syslog (C), log4j (Java), or logger (Python) is being used. Other custom logging API or even printf could be used. The key point is that the logs must contain the required information in the required format. At a high level of abstraction, the best practices for Grid logging are: (1) Consistently structured, typed, log events; (2) A standard high-resolution timestamp; (3) Use of logging levels and categories to separate logs by detail and purpose; (4) Consistent use of global and local identifiers; and (5) Use of some regular, newline-delimited ASCII text format. The rest of this document describes each of these recommendations in detail.

Tierney, Brian L; Tierney, Brian L; Gunter, Dan

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Performance and reliability improvement of HfSiON gate dielectrics using chlorine plasma treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of chlorine plasma treatment on HfSiON gate dielectrics were investigated with respect to device performance and reliability characteristics. The chlorine plasma treatment was performed on atomic layer deposited HfSiON films to remove the residual carbon content. The optimal chlorine plasma treatment is shown to lower gate leakage current density without increasing equivalent oxide thickness of the gate stack. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy depth profiling showed that the carbon residue in HfSiON was reduced by the chlorine plasma treatment. It is demonstrated that an optimized chlorine plasma treatment improves the transistor I{sub on}-I{sub off} characteristics and reduces negative-bias temperature instability.

Park, Hong Bae; Ju, Byongsun [Samsung Electronics R and D Center (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Chang Yong; Park, Chanro; Park, Chang Seo [SEMATECH, Austin, Texas 78741 (United States); Lee, Byoung Hun [Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Tea Wan; Kim, Beom Seok; Choi, Rino [Inha University, 253 Yonghyun-dong, Nam-gu, Incheon 402-751 (Korea, Republic of)

2009-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

389

Improving dual-porosity simulation of waterflood performance in the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we have discussed the methods of analyzing the waterflood performance of the O'Daniel waterflood pilot in the Spraberry Trend Area with the help of reservoir simulation. Spraberry Trend Area is considered to be one of the richest oil fields in the world. However, out of 6-10 billion bbls of original oil only 700 million bbls have been produced. In an effort to increase recovery, several waterflood pilots were conducted in Spraberry beginning in the late 1950's. Because of profoundly complicated nature of the reservoir, waterflooding has been only moderately successful, and billions of barrels of hydrocarbons remain unrecovered. A recent waterflood pilot study started in 1995 with dramatically different results. The pilot was conducted in the O'Daniel unit of the Spraberry. The recovery in this lease has exceeded 25% of the original oil in place, compared to only 10% recovery in the entire Spraberry. Data from the current waterflood clearly shows that on-trend wells which are outside the pilot and along the major fracture trend responded favorably. In the previous waterflood pilots in Spraberry, the producer located off-trend from the water injectors received all the attention and the response in the on-trend wells was overlooked. In this study, we have developed a waterflood pattern for Spraberry where the target wells for waterflood response will be the on-trend producers. A successful waterflood depends on properly positioning the injectors and producers. In fractured reservoirs, fracture location, orientation and permeability dictates the placing of injection and production wells. So, to understand the fracture distribution, the main intention behind this thesis is to develop a method to determine location, orientation and permeability of fractures in Spraberry by using reservoir simulation. We performed three simulation studies: Humble pilot waterflood, O'Daniel tracer analysis and O'Daniel pilot waterflood. The first two simulation studies were performed with simple two-well models. The fracture orientation and permeability ratio obtained in these models were applied to the full field O'Daniel pilot that consists of 59 wells in about 8500-acre area. Our simulation model shows that a concept of fracture enhancement (grid-blocks with high fracture permeability) in the dual-porosity model is necessary to capture the effect of heterogeneity of fracture network. The major fracture orientation obtained from the simulation is very close to the one obtained from the interference test and horizontal core analysis. The results of this study could be used in determining an optimum waterflood pattern suitable for that area to forecast oil production with different scenarios such as, infill drilling, CO2 injection, horizontal wells etc. Finally, the results of this work will provide a method to assess the economic feasibility of large-scale water injection in the remainder of the field.

Chowdhury, Tanvir

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Available Technologies Grid Friendly Appliance™ Controller  

The Grid Friendly Appliance controller developed at PNNL senses grid conditions ... » Smart Grid Devices potential industry Applications » Computers ...

391

Smart Grid: Transforming the Electric System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces smart grid concepts, summarizes the status of current smart grid related efforts, and explains smart grid priorities.

Widergren, Steven E.

2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

392

Embedded Sensors and Controls to Improve Component Performance and Reliability: Conceptual Design Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall project objective is to demonstrate improved reliability and increased performance made possible by deeply embedding instrumentation and controls (I&C) in nuclear power plant components. The project is employing a highly instrumented canned rotor, magnetic bearing, fluoride salt pump as its I&C technology demonstration vehicle. The project s focus is not primarily on pump design, but instead is on methods to deeply embed I&C within a pump system. However, because the I&C is intimately part of the basic millisecond-by-millisecond functioning of the pump, the I&C design cannot proceed in isolation from the other aspects of the pump. The pump will not function if the characteristics of the I&C are not embedded within the design because the I&C enables performance of the basic function rather than merely monitoring quasi-stable performance. Traditionally, I&C has been incorporated in nuclear power plant (NPP) components after their design is nearly complete; adequate performance was obtained through over-design. This report describes the progress and status of the project and provides a conceptual design overview for the embedded I&C pump.

Kisner, Roger A [ORNL; Melin, Alexander M [ORNL; Burress, Timothy A [ORNL; Fugate, David L [ORNL; Holcomb, David Eugene [ORNL; Wilgen, John B [ORNL; Miller, John M [ORNL; Wilson, Dane F [ORNL; Silva, Pamela C [ORNL; Whitlow, Lynsie J [ORNL; Peretz, Fred J [ORNL

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Improving thermosyphon solar domestic hot water system model performance. Final report, March 1994--February 1995  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Data from an indoor solar simulator experimental performance test is used to develop a systematic calibration procedure for a computer model of a thermosyphoning, solar domestic hot water heating system with a tank-in-tank heat exchanger. Calibration is performed using an indoor test with a simulated solar collector to adjust heat transfer in the heat exchanger and heat transfer between adjacent layers of water in the storage tank. An outdoor test is used to calibrate the calculation of the friction drop in the closed collector loop. Additional indoor data with forced flow in the annulus of the heat exchanger leads to improved heat transfer correlations for the inside and outside regions of the tank-in-tank heat exchanger. The calibrated simulation model is compared to several additional outdoor tests both with and without auxiliary heating. Integrated draw energies are predicted with greater accuracy and draw temperature profiles match experimental results to a better degree. Auxiliary energy input predictions improve significantly. 63 figs., 29 tabs.

Swift, T.N.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Improved performance of high average power semiconductor arrays for applications in diode pumped solid state lasers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The average power performance capability of semiconductor diode laser arrays has improved dramatically over the past several years. These performance improvements, combined with cost reductions pursued by LLNL and others in the fabrication and packaging of diode lasers, have continued to reduce the price per average watt of laser diode radiation. Presently, we are at the point where the manufacturers of commercial high average power solid state laser systems used in material processing applications can now seriously consider the replacement of their flashlamp pumps with laser diode pump sources. Additionally, a low cost technique developed and demonstrated at LLNL for optically conditioning the output radiation of diode laser arrays has enabled a new and scalable average power diode-end-pumping architecture that can be simply implemented in diode pumped solid state laser systems (DPSSL`s). This development allows the high average power DPSSL designer to look beyond the Nd ion for the first time. Along with high average power DPSSL`s which are appropriate for material processing applications, low and intermediate average power DPSSL`s are now realizable at low enough costs to be attractive for use in many medical, electronic, and lithographic applications.

Beach, R.; Emanuel, M.; Benett, W.; Freitas, B.; Ciarlo, D.; Carlson, N.; Sutton, S.; Skidmore, J.; Solarz, R.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Improved performance of self-aligned, selective-emitter silicon solar cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The authors improved a self-aligned emitter etchback technique that requires only a single emitter diffusion and no alignment to form self-aligned, patterned-emitter profiles. Standard commercial screen-printed gridlines mask a plasma-etchback of the emitter. A subsequent PECVD-nitride deposition provides good surface and bulk passivation and an antireflection coating. They used full-size multicrystalline silicon (mc-Si) cells processed in a commercial production line and performed a statistically designed multiparameter experiment to optimize the use of a hydrogenation treatment to increase performance. They obtained an improvement of almost a full percentage point in cell efficiency when the self-aligned emitter etchback was combined with an optimized 3-step PECVD-nitride surface passivation and hydrogenation treatment. They also investigated the inclusion of a plasma-etching process that results in a low-reflectance, textured surface on multicrystalline silicon cells. Preliminary results indicate reflectance can be significantly reduced without etching away the emitter diffusion.

Ruby, D.S.; Yang, P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Zaidi, S.; Brueck, S. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Roy, M.; Narayanan, S. [Solarex, Frederick, MD (United States)

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Method and apparatus for improving the performance of a steam driven power system by steam mixing  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for improving the efficiency and performance of a steam driven power plant wherein addition of steam handling equipment to an existing plant results in a surprising increase in plant performance. For Example, a gas turbine electrical generation system with heat recovery boiler may be installed along with a micro-jet high pressure and a low pressure mixer superheater. Depending upon plant characteristics, the existing moisture separator reheater (MSR) can be either augmented or done away with. The instant invention enables a reduction in T.sub.hot without a derating of the reactor unit, and improves efficiency of the plant's electrical conversion cycle. Coupled with this advantage is a possible extension of the plant's fuel cycle length due to an increased electrical conversion efficiency. The reduction in T.sub.hot further allows for a surprising extension of steam generator life. An additional advantage is the reduction in erosion/corrosion of secondary system components including turbine blades and diaphragms. The gas turbine generator used in the instant invention can also replace or augment existing peak or emergency power needs. Another benefit of the instant invention is the extension of plant life and the reduction of downtime due to refueling.

Tsiklauri, Georgi V. (Richland, WA); Durst, Bruce M. (Kennewick, WA); Prichard, Andrew W. (Richland, WA); Reid, Bruce D. (Pasco, WA); Burritt, James (Virginia Beach, VA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Method and apparatus for improving the performance of a nuclear power electrical generation system  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for improving the efficiency and performance a of nuclear electrical generation system that comprises the addition of steam handling equipment to an existing plant that results in a surprising increase in plant performance. More particularly, a gas turbine electrical generation system with heat recovery boiler is installed along with a high pressure and a low pressure mixer superheater. Depending upon plant characteristics, the existing moisture separator reheater (MSR) can be either augmented or done away with. The instant invention enables a reduction in T.sub.hot without a derating of the reactor unit, and improves efficiency of the plant's electrical conversion cycle. Coupled with this advantage is a possible extension of the plant's fuel cycle length due to an increased electrical conversion efficiency. The reduction in T.sub.hot further allows for a surprising extension of steam generator life. An additional advantage is the reduction in erosion/corrosion of secondary system components including turbine blades and diaphragms. The gas turbine generator used in the instant invention can also replace or augment existing peak or emergency power needs.

Tsiklauri, Georgi V. (Richland, WA); Durst, Bruce M. (Kennewick, WA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Feed-pump hydraulic performance and design improvement, Phase I: research program design. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a result of prior EPRI-sponsored studies, it was concluded that a research program should be designed and implemented to provide an improved basis for the design, procurement, testing, and operation of large feed pumps with increased reliability and stability over the full range of operating conditions. This two-volume report contains a research plan which is based on a review of the present state of the art and which defines the necessary R and D program and estimates the benefits and costs of the program. The recommended research program consists of 30 interrelated tasks. It is designed to perform the needed research; to verify the results; to develop improved components; and to publish computer-aided design methods, pump specification guidelines, and a troubleshooting manual. Most of the technology proposed in the research plan is applicable to nuclear power plants as well as to fossil-fired plants. This volume contains appendixes on pump design, cavitation damage, performance testing, hydraulics, two-phase flow in pumps, flow stability, and rotor dynamics.

Brown, W.H.; Gopalakrishnan, S.; Fehlau, R.; Thompson, W.E.; Wilson, D.G.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Method and apparatus for improving the performance of a steam driven power system by steam mixing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for improving the efficiency and performance of a steam driven power plant wherein addition of steam handling equipment to an existing plant results in a surprising increase in plant performance. For Example, a gas turbine electrical generation system with heat recovery boiler may be installed along with a micro-jet high pressure and a low pressure mixer superheater. Depending upon plant characteristics, the existing moisture separator reheater (MSR) can be either augmented or done away with. The instant invention enables a reduction in T.sub.hot without a derating of the reactor unit, and improves efficiency of the plant's electrical conversion cycle. Coupled with this advantage is a possible extension of the plant's fuel cycle length due to an increased electrical conversion efficiency. The reduction in T.sub.hot further allows for a surprising extension of steam generator life. An additional advantage is the reduction in erosion/corrosion of secondary system components including turbine blades and diaphragms. The gas turbine generator used in the instant invention can also replace or augment existing peak or emergency power needs. Another benefit of the instant invention is the extension of plant life and the reduction of downtime due to refueling.

Tsiklauri, Georgi V. (Richland, WA); Durst, Bruce M. (Kennewick, WA); Prichard, Andrew W. (Richland, WA); Reid, Bruce D. (Pasco, WA); Burritt, James (Virginia Beach, VA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Method and apparatus for improving the performance of a nuclear power electrical generation system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for improving the efficiency and performance a of nuclear electrical generation system that comprises the addition of steam handling equipment to an existing plant that results in a surprising increase in plant performance. More particularly, a gas turbine electrical generation system with heat recovery boiler is installed along with a high pressure and a low pressure mixer superheater. Depending upon plant characteristics, the existing moisture separator reheater (MSR) can be either augmented or done away with. The instant invention enables a reduction in T.sub.hot without a derating of the reactor unit, and improves efficiency of the plant's electrical conversion cycle. Coupled with this advantage is a possible extension of the plant's fuel cycle length due to an increased electrical conversion efficiency. The reduction in T.sub.hot further allows for a surprising extension of steam generator life. An additional advantage is the reduction in erosion/corrosion of secondary system components including turbine blades and diaphragms. The gas turbine generator used in the instant invention can also replace or augment existing peak or emergency power needs.

Tsiklauri, Georgi V. (Richland, WA); Durst, Bruce M. (Kennewick, WA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Improved Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) Performance with Solvent as Steam Additive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) is used widely as a thermal recovery technique in Canada to produce a very viscous bitumen formation. The main research objectives of this simulation and experimental study are to investigate oil recovery mechanisms under SAGD process with different injection fluids, including steam, solvent or steam with solvent. 2D simulation studies based on typical Athabasca reservoir properties have been performed. Results show that a successful solvent co-injection design can utilize the advantages of solvent and steam. There is an optimal solvent type and concentration ratio range for a particular reservoir and operating condition. Long, continuous shale barriers located vertically above or near the wellbore delay production performance significantly. Co-injecting a multi-component solvent can flush out the oil in different areas with different drainage mechanisms from vaporized and liquid components. Placing an additional injector at the top of the reservoir results only in marginal improvement. The pure high-temperature diluent injection appears feasible, although further technical and economic evaluation of the process is required. A 2D scaled physical model was fabricated that represented in cross-section a half symmetry element of a typical SAGD drainage volume in Athabasca. The experimental results show co-injecting a solvent mixture of C7 and xylene with steam gives better production performance than the injection of pure steam or steam with C7 at the study condition. Compared to pure steam injection runs ( Run 0 and 1), coinjecting C7 (Run 2) with steam increases the ultimate recovery factor of oil inside the cell from 25 percent to 29 percent and decreases the ultimate CSOR from 2.2 to 1.9 and the ultimate CEOR from 4892 J/cm 3 to 4326 J/cm 3 ; coinjecting C7 and Xylene (Run 3) increases the ultimate recovery factor of oil from 25 percent to 34 percent, and decreases the ultimate CSOR 2.2 to 1.6 and the ultimate CEOR from 4892 J/cm 3 to 3629 J/cm 3 . Analyses of the experimental results indicate that partial pressure and the near wellbore flow play important roles in production performance. In conclusion, a successful solvent injection design can effectively improve the production performance of SAGD. Further research on evaluating the performance of various hydrocarbon types as steam additives is desirable and recommended.

Li, Weiqiang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Smart Grid Week: Working to Modernize the Nation's Electric Grid |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Smart Grid Week: Working to Modernize the Nation's Electric Grid Smart Grid Week: Working to Modernize the Nation's Electric Grid Smart Grid Week: Working to Modernize the Nation's Electric Grid June 3, 2013 - 11:00am Addthis Introducing Smart Grid Week. | Photo courtesy of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Introducing Smart Grid Week. | Photo courtesy of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Learn More about the Smart Grid Visit smartgrid.gov for access to videos, maps and data on the effort to transform the nation's electric grid. Take a look at A Policy Framework For the 21st Century Grid: A Progress Report, from the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Our new Energy.gov series, Smart Grid Week, highlights efforts happening

403

Smart Grid Primer (Smart Grid Books) | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Educational Resources » Smart Grid Primer Educational Resources » Smart Grid Primer (Smart Grid Books) Smart Grid Primer (Smart Grid Books) Smart Grid Primer (Smart Grid Books) "The Smart Grid: An Introduction," prepared 2008, is a publication sponsored by DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability that explores - in layman's terms - the nature, challenges, opportunities and necessity of Smart Grid implementation. Additional books, released in 2009, target the interests of specific stakeholder groups: Consumer Advocates, Utilities, Technology Providers, Regulators, Policy Makers, and Environmental Groups, to explain in greater detail what the Smart Grid will mean to each. General Public The Smart Grid: An Introduction Consumer Advocates What the Smart Grid Means to Americans

404

GridLab: Enabling Applications on the Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grid technology is widely emerging. Still, there is an eminent shortage of real Grid users, due to the absence of two important catalysts: First, a widely accepted vision on how applications can substantially benefit from Grids, and second a toolkit ...

Gabrielle Allen; Dave Angulo; Tom Goodale; Thilo Kielmann; André Merzky; Jarek Nabrzysky; Juliusz Pukacki; Michael Russell; Thomas Radke; Edward Seidel; John Shalf; Ian Taylor

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix K: The Smart Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: the Active Grid architecture · High performances in active networks : the Tamanoir approach ­ Execution. Architecture of: Flexibility Automation Intelligence Novel Active Grid Mngt. Architecture of: Flexibility Automation Intelligence #12;GridBus workshop, 7th June 2003, Melbourne · OGSA (Open Grid Service Architecture

406

A simplified method for calculating the substation grounding grid resistance  

SciTech Connect

A simple and accurate formula for calculating the grounding grid resistance is proposed in this paper. This method is based on a theoretical manipulation of the numerical moment method and of the current image. The formula is dependent on the substation grounding grid design, such as grid depth, grid size, number of meshes, grid-conductor diameter, etc. A comparison study is performed to check the accuracy of the proposed formula with respect to six different formulas and methods in the literature. An excellent agreement was found between the results of this formula and the results of a sophisticated computerized method.

Chow, Y.L.; Salama, M.M.A. (Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada). Computer Engineering)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Toward Real Time Data Analysis for Smart Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the architecture and design of a novel system for supporting large-scale real-time data analysis for future power grid systems. The widespread deployment of renewable generation, smart grid controls, energy storage, plug-in hybrids, and new conducting materials will require fundamental changes in the operational concepts and principal components of the grid. As a result, the whole system becomes highly dynamic and requires constant adjusting based on real time data. Even though millions of sensors such as phase measurement units (PMU) and smart meters are being widely deployed, a data layer that can analyze this amount of data in real time is needed. Unlike the data fabric in other cloud services, the data layer for smart grids has some unique design requirements. First, this layer must provide real time guarantees. Second, this layer must be scalable to allow a large number of applications to access the data from millions of sensors in real time. Third, reliability is critical and this layer must be able to continue to provide service in face of failures. Fourth, this layer must be secure. We address these challenges though a scalable system architecture that integrates the I/O and data processing capability in a devise set of devices. Data process operations can be placed anywhere from sensors, data storage devices, to control centers. We further employ compression to improve performance. We design a lightweight compression customized for power grid data. Our system can reduce end-to-end response time by reduce I/O overhead through compression and overlap compression operations with I/O. The initial prototype of our system was demonstrated with several use cases from PNNL’s FPGI and show that our system can provide real time guarantees to a diverse set of applications.

Yin, Jian; Gorton, Ian; Sharma, Poorva

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

408

Devices to improve the performance of a conventional two-stroke spark ignition engine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents research efforts made in three different phases with the objective of improving the fuel economy of and reducing exhaust emissions from conventional, carbureted, two-stroke spark ignition (SI) engines, which are widely employed in two-wheel transportation in India. A review concerning the existing two-stroke engine technology for this application is included. In the first phase, a new scavenging system was developed and tested to reduce the loss of fresh charge through the exhaust port. In die second phase, the following measures were carried out to improve the combustion process: (1) using an in-cylinder catalyst, such as copper, chromium, and nickel, in the form of coating; (2) providing moderate thermal insulation in the combustion chamber, either by depositing thin ceramic material or by metal inserts; (3) developing a high-energy ignition system; and (4) employing high-octane fuel, such as methanol, ethanol, eucalyptus oil, and orange oil, as a blending agent with gasoline. Based on the effectiveness of the above measures, an optimized design was developed in the final phase to achieve improved performance. Test results indicate that with an optimized two-stroke SI engine, the maximum percentage improvement in brake thermal efficiency is about 31%, together with a reduction of 3400 ppm in hydrocarbons (HC) and 3% by volume of carbon monoxide (CO) emissions over the normal engine (at 3 kW, 3000 rpm). Higher cylinder peak pressures (3-5 bar), lower ignition delay (2-4{degrees}CA){degrees} and shorter combustion duration (4-10 {degrees}CA) are obtained. The knock-limited power output is also enhanced by 12.7% at a high compression ratio (CR) of 9:1. The proposed modifications in the optimized design are simple, low-cost and easy to adopt for both production and existing engines.

Poola, R.B. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Nagalingam, B.; Gopalakrishnan, K.V. [Indian Inst. of Tech., Madras (India)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

NREL: PVWatts - PVWatts Grid Data Calculator (Version 2)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid Data Calculator (Version 2) Grid Data Calculator (Version 2) PVWattsTM Grid Data calculator allows users to select a photovoltaic (PV) system location in the United States from an interactive map. The Grid Data calculator uses hourly typical meteorological year weather data and a PV performance model to estimate annual energy production and cost savings for a crystalline silicon PV system. It allows users to create estimated performance data for any location in the United States or its territories by selecting a site on a 40-km gridded map. The 40-km Grid Data calculator considers data from a climatologically similar typical meteorological year data station and site-specific solar resource and maximum temperature information to provide PV performance estimation. In this version, performance is first calculated for the the nearest TMY2

410

WHAT THE SMART GRID MEANS TO AMERICANS | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WHAT THE SMART GRID MEANS TO AMERICANS WHAT THE SMART GRID MEANS TO AMERICANS WHAT THE SMART GRID MEANS TO AMERICANS The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is charged under the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007) with modernizing the nation's electricity grid to improve its reliability and efficiency. As part of this effort, DOE is also responsible for increasing awareness of our nation's Smart Grid. Building upon The Smart Grid: An Introduction, a DOE-sponsored publication released in 2008 and available online at www.smartgrid.gov, this publication is one in a series of books designed to better acquaint discrete stakeholder groups with the promise and possibilities of the Smart Grid. Stakeholder groups include Utilities, Regulators, Policymakers, Technology Providers, Consumer

411

Protecting the Nation's Electric Grid from Cyber Threats | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Protecting the Nation's Electric Grid from Cyber Threats Protecting the Nation's Electric Grid from Cyber Threats Protecting the Nation's Electric Grid from Cyber Threats January 11, 2012 - 11:28am Addthis A smarter, modernized, and more secure grid will be pivotal to the United States’ world leadership in a clean energy future. | Photo courtesy of National Renewable Energy Laboratory. A smarter, modernized, and more secure grid will be pivotal to the United States' world leadership in a clean energy future. | Photo courtesy of National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Howard A. Schmidt White House Cybersecurity Coordinator Secretary Steven Chu: "Establishing a comprehensive cybersecurity approach will give utility companies and grid operators another important tool to improve the grid's ability to respond to cybersecurity risks."

412

Cyber-Security Considerations for the Smart Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electrical power grid is evolving into the “smart grid”. The goal of the smart grid is to improve efficiency and availability of power by adding more monitoring and control capabilities. These new technologies and mechanisms are certain to introduce vulnerabilities into the power grid. In this paper we provide an overview of the cyber security state of the electrical power grid. We highlight some of the vulnerabilities that already exist in the power grid including limited capacity systems, implicit trust and the lack of authentication. We also address challenges of complexity, scale, added capabilities and the move to multipurpose hardware and software as the power grid is upgraded. These changes create vulnerabilities that did not exist before and bring increased risks. We conclude the paper by showing that there are a number mitigation strategies that can help keep the risk at an acceptable level.

Clements, Samuel L.; Kirkham, Harold

2010-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

413

Three-dimensional hybrid grid generator and unstructured flow solver for compressors and turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A numerical method for the simulation of compressible turbulent ?ows is presented. This method includes a novel hybrid grid generation for airfoil cascades and an unstructured mesh ?ow solver. The mesh tool incorporates a mapping technique and a grid smoothing method. The mapping technique is used to build an initial volume mesh and the grid smoothing method is used to improve the quality of the initial mesh. The grid smoothing is based on the optimization of mesh-quality parameters. The further improvement of the smoothed mesh is achieved by an edge-swapping and node-insertion technique. The unstructured ?ow solver is developed for a hybrid grid. This ?ow solver uses a rotational frame of reference. The convective and viscous ?uxes are numerically solved by an upwind scheme and an averaged nodal gradient. A higher-order spatial accuracy is achieved by a piece-wise linear reconstruction. An explicit multi-stage method is employed for integration in time. The Menter?s k ?? model is implemented to simulate the turbulence e?ects. The ?ow solver is validated against the analytical and experimental results. A parametric study is performed for a high speed centrifugal compressor.

Kim, Kyusup

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

DataGrid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DataGrid is a project funded by the European Union that aims to enable access to geographically distributed computing power and storage facilities belonging to different institutions. This will provide scientists with an unprecedented computing and data management tool. DataGrid is led by CERN, together with 20 other scientific and industrial partners.

Silvano de Gennaro

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Improving Performance of Cluster Based Routing Protocol using Cross-Layer Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main goal of routing protocol is to efficiency delivers data from source to destination. All routing protocols are the same in this goal, but the way they adopt to achieve it is different, so routing strategy has an egregious role on the performance of an ad hoc network. Most of routing protocols proposed for ad hoc networks have a flat structure. These protocols expand the control overhead packets to discover or maintain a route. On the other hand a number of hierarchical-based routing protocols have been developed, mostly are based on layered design. These protocols improve network performances especially when the network size grows up since details about remote portion of network can be handled in an aggregate manner. Although, there is another approach to design a protocol called cross-layer design. Using this approach information can exchange between different layer of protocol stack, result in optimizing network performances. In this paper, we intend to exert cross-layer design to optimize Cluster B...

Jahanbakhsh, Kazem

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Systems Study for Improving Gas Turbine Performance for Coal/IGCC Application  

SciTech Connect

This study identifies vital gas turbine (GT) parameters and quantifies their influence in meeting the DOE Turbine Program overall Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) plant goals of 50% net HHV efficiency, $1000/kW capital cost, and low emissions. The project analytically evaluates GE advanced F class air cooled technology level gas turbine conceptual cycle designs and determines their influence on IGCC plant level performance including impact of Carbon capture. This report summarizes the work accomplished in each of the following six Tasks. Task 1.0--Overall IGCC Plant Level Requirements Identification: Plant level requirements were identified, and compared with DOE's IGCC Goal of achieving 50% Net HHV Efficiency and $1000/KW by the Year 2008, through use of a Six Sigma Quality Functional Deployment (QFD) Tool. This analysis resulted in 7 GT System Level Parameters as the most significant. Task 2.0--Requirements Prioritization/Flow-Down to GT Subsystem Level: GT requirements were identified, analyzed and prioritized relative to achieving plant level goals, and compared with the flow down of power island goals through use of a Six Sigma QFD Tool. This analysis resulted in 11 GT Cycle Design Parameters being selected as the most significant. Task 3.0--IGCC Conceptual System Analysis: A Baseline IGCC Plant configuration was chosen, and an IGCC simulation analysis model was constructed, validated against published performance data and then optimized by including air extraction heat recovery and GE steam turbine model. Baseline IGCC based on GE 207FA+e gas turbine combined cycle has net HHV efficiency of 40.5% and net output nominally of 526 Megawatts at NOx emission level of 15 ppmvd{at}15% corrected O2. 18 advanced F technology GT cycle design options were developed to provide performance targets with increased output and/or efficiency with low NOx emissions. Task 4.0--Gas Turbine Cycle Options vs. Requirements Evaluation: Influence coefficients on 4 key IGCC plant level parameters (IGCC Net Efficiency, IGCC Net Output, GT Output, NOx Emissions) of 11 GT identified cycle parameters were determined. Results indicate that IGCC net efficiency HHV gains up to 2.8 pts (40.5% to 43.3%) and IGCC net output gains up to 35% are possible due to improvements in GT technology alone with single digit NOx emission levels. Task 5.0--Recommendations for GT Technical Improvements: A trade off analysis was conducted utilizing the performance results of 18 gas turbine (GT) conceptual designs, and three most promising GT candidates are recommended. A roadmap for turbine technology development is proposed for future coal based IGCC power plants. Task 6.0--Determine Carbon Capture Impact on IGCC Plant Level Performance: A gas turbine performance model for high Hydrogen fuel gas turbine was created and integrated to an IGCC system performance model, which also included newly created models for moisturized syngas, gas shift and CO2 removal subsystems. This performance model was analyzed for two gas turbine technology based subsystems each with two Carbon removal design options of 85% and 88% respectively. The results show larger IGCC performance penalty for gas turbine designs with higher firing temperature and higher Carbon removal.

Ashok K. Anand

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

417

Systems Study for Improving Gas Turbine Performance for Coal/IGCC Application  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study identifies vital gas turbine (GT) parameters and quantifies their influence in meeting the DOE Turbine Program overall Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) plant goals of 50% net HHV efficiency, $1000/kW capital cost, and low emissions. The project analytically evaluates GE advanced F class air cooled technology level gas turbine conceptual cycle designs and determines their influence on IGCC plant level performance including impact of Carbon capture. This report summarizes the work accomplished in each of the following six Tasks. Task 1.0--Overall IGCC Plant Level Requirements Identification: Plant level requirements were identified, and compared with DOE's IGCC Goal of achieving 50% Net HHV Efficiency and $1000/KW by the Year 2008, through use of a Six Sigma Quality Functional Deployment (QFD) Tool. This analysis resulted in 7 GT System Level Parameters as the most significant. Task 2.0--Requirements Prioritization/Flow-Down to GT Subsystem Level: GT requirements were identified, analyzed and prioritized relative to achieving plant level goals, and compared with the flow down of power island goals through use of a Six Sigma QFD Tool. This analysis resulted in 11 GT Cycle Design Parameters being selected as the most significant. Task 3.0--IGCC Conceptual System Analysis: A Baseline IGCC Plant configuration was chosen, and an IGCC simulation analysis model was constructed, validated against published performance data and then optimized by including air extraction heat recovery and GE steam turbine model. Baseline IGCC based on GE 207FA+e gas turbine combined cycle has net HHV efficiency of 40.5% and net output nominally of 526 Megawatts at NOx emission level of 15 ppmvd{at}15% corrected O2. 18 advanced F technology GT cycle design options were developed to provide performance targets with increased output and/or efficiency with low NOx emissions. Task 4.0--Gas Turbine Cycle Options vs. Requirements Evaluation: Influence coefficients on 4 key IGCC plant level parameters (IGCC Net Efficiency, IGCC Net Output, GT Output, NOx Emissions) of 11 GT identified cycle parameters were determined. Results indicate that IGCC net efficiency HHV gains up to 2.8 pts (40.5% to 43.3%) and IGCC net output gains up to 35% are possible due to improvements in GT technology alone with single digit NOx emission levels. Task 5.0--Recommendations for GT Technical Improvements: A trade off analysis was conducted utilizing the performance results of 18 gas turbine (GT) conceptual designs, and three most promising GT candidates are recommended. A roadmap for turbine technology development is proposed for future coal based IGCC power plants. Task 6.0--Determine Carbon Capture Impact on IGCC Plant Level Performance: A gas turbine performance model for high Hydrogen fuel gas turbine was created and integrated to an IGCC system performance model, which also included newly created models for moisturized syngas, gas shift and CO2 removal subsystems. This performance model was analyzed for two gas turbine technology based subsystems each with two Carbon removal design options of 85% and 88% respectively. The results show larger IGCC performance penalty for gas turbine designs with higher firing temperature and higher Carbon removal.

Ashok K. Anand

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

418

NREL: Wind Research - Utility Grid Integration Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Utility Grid Integration Assessment Utility Grid Integration Assessment Photo of large power transmission towers set against a sunset. The national need for transmission improvements will have a direct impact on the effective use of renewable energy sources such as wind. For wind energy to play a larger role in supplying the nation's energy needs, integrating wind energy into the power grid of the United States is an important challenge to address. NREL's transmission grid integration staff collaborates with utility industry partners and provides data, analysis, and techniques to increase utility understanding of integration issues and confidence in the reliability of new wind turbines. For more information, contact Brian Parsons at 303-384-6958. Printable Version Wind Research Home Capabilities

419

NREL: Water Power Research - Grid Integration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid Integration Grid Integration High-voltage transmission lines and towers silouetted against a blue sky with the first glow of the rising sun on the horizon behind them. The national need for transmission improvements will have a direct impact on the effective use of renewable energy sources. For marine and hydrokinetic technologies to play a larger role in supplying the nation's energy needs, integration into the U.S. power grid is an important challenge to address. Efficient integration of variable power resources like water power is a critical part of the deployment planning and commercialization process. Variable and weather-dependent resources can create operational concerns for grid operators. These concerns include conventional generation ramping, load/generation balancing, and planning

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Smart Grid deployment in Colorado  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.................................................................................................................... 383.1. Architectural Goals for the Smart Grid........................................................................ 53 Ongoing Work of the Smart Grid Architecture Committee (SGAC)............................. 543.7. 3 deliverables have been produced in the areas of Smart Grid architecture, cybersecurity, and testing

Stowell, Michael

422

Improved performance of U-Mo dispersion fuel by Si addition in Al matrix.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to collect in one publication and fit together work fragments presented in many conferences in the multi-year time span starting 2002 to the present dealing with the problem of large pore formation in U-Mo/Al dispersion fuel plates first observed in 2002. Hence, this report summarizes the excerpts from papers and reports on how we interpreted the relevant results from out-of-pile and in-pile tests and how this problem was dealt with. This report also provides a refined view to explain in detail and in a quantitative manner the underlying mechanism of the role of silicon in improving the irradiation performance of U-Mo/Al.

Kim, Y S; Hofman, G L [Nuclear Engineering Division

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Volcanic forcing improves Atmosphere-Ocean Coupled General Circulation Model scaling performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent Atmosphere-Ocean Coupled General Circulation Model (AOGCM) simulations of the twentieth century climate, which account for anthropogenic and natural forcings, make it possible to study the origin of long-term temperature correlations found in the observed records. We study ensemble experiments performed with the NCAR PCM for 10 different historical scenarios, including no forcings, greenhouse gas, sulfate aerosol, ozone, solar, volcanic forcing and various combinations, such as it natural, anthropogenic and all forcings. We compare the scaling exponents characterizing the long-term correlations of the observed and simulated model data for 16 representative land stations and 16 sites in the Atlantic Ocean for these scenarios. We find that inclusion of volcanic forcing in the AOGCM considerably improves the PCM scaling behavior. The scenarios containing volcanic forcing are able to reproduce quite well the observed scaling exponents for the land with exponents around 0.65 independent of the station dista...

Vyushin, D; Havlin, S; Bunde, A; Brenner, S; Vyushin, Dmitry; Zhidkov, Igor; Havlin, Shlomo; Bunde, Armin; Brenner, Stephen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Cybersecurity for Smart Grid Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... threats, vulnerabilities, and requirements for the Smart Grid in general and in specific areas such as privacy, smart grid architecture, and AMI. ...

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

425

Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide: Practical Ways to Improve Energy Performance, K-12 Schools (Book)  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy developed the Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides (AERGs) to provide specific methodologies, information, and guidance to help energy managers and other stakeholders plan and execute energy efficiency improvements. Detailed technical discussion is fairly limited. Instead, we emphasize actionable information, practical methodologies, diverse case studies, and unbiased evaluations of the most promising retrofit energy efficiency measures for each building type. A series of AERGs is under development, addressing key segments of the commercial building stock. K-12 schools were selected as one of the highest priority building sectors, because schools affect the lives of most Americans. They also represent approximately 8% of the energy use and 10% of the floor area in commercial buildings nationwide. U.S. K-12 school districts spend more than $8 billion each year on energy - more than they spend on computers and textbooks combined. Most occupy older buildings that often have poor operational performance - more than 30% of schools were built before 1960. The average age of a school is about 42 years - which is nearly the expected serviceable lifespan of the building. K-12 schools offer unique opportunities for deep, cost-effective energy efficiency improvements, and this guide provides convenient and practical guidance for exploiting these opportunities in the context of public, private, and parochial schools.

Not Available

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Technical and Economic Assessment of Off-grid, Mini-grid and Grid  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technical and Economic Assessment of Off-grid, Mini-grid and Grid Technical and Economic Assessment of Off-grid, Mini-grid and Grid Electrification Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Technical and Economic Assessment of Off-grid, Mini-grid and Grid Electrification Technologies Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Resource assessment, Technology characterizations Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTENERGY/Resources/336805-1157034157861/E References: Technical and Economic Assessment of Off-grid, Mini-grid and Grid Electrification Technologies[1] Summary "This report is part of the Energy and Water Department's commitment to providing new techniques and knowledge which complement the direct investment and other assistance to electrification as provided by the

427

National Smart Water Grid  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The United States repeatedly experiences floods along the Midwest's large rivers and droughts in the arid Western States that cause traumatic environmental conditions with huge economic impact. With an integrated approach and solution these problems can be alleviated. Tapping into the Mississippi River and its tributaries, the world's third largest fresh water river system, during flood events will mitigate the damage of flooding and provide a new source of fresh water to the Western States. The trend of increased flooding on the Midwest's large rivers is supported by a growing body of scientific literature. The Colorado River Basin and the western states are experiencing a protracted multi-year drought. Fresh water can be pumped via pipelines from areas of overabundance/flood to areas of drought or high demand. Calculations document 10 to 60 million acre-feet (maf) of fresh water per flood event can be captured from the Midwest's Rivers and pumped via pipelines to the Colorado River and introduced upstream of Lake Powell, Utah, to destinations near Denver, Colorado, and used in areas along the pipelines. Water users of the Colorado River include the cities in southern Nevada, southern California, northern Arizona, Colorado, Utah, Indian Tribes, and Mexico. The proposed start and end points, and routes of the pipelines are documented, including information on right-of-ways necessary for state and federal permits. A National Smart Water Grid{trademark} (NSWG) Project will create thousands of new jobs for construction, operation, and maintenance and save billions in drought and flood damage reparations tax dollars. The socio-economic benefits of NWSG include decreased flooding in the Midwest; increased agriculture, and recreation and tourism; improved national security, transportation, and fishery and wildlife habitats; mitigated regional climate change and global warming such as increased carbon capture; decreased salinity in Colorado River water crossing the US-Mexico border; and decreased eutrophication (excessive plant growth and decay) in the Gulf of Mexico to name a few. The National Smart Water Grid{trademark} will pay for itself in a single major flood event.

Beaulieu, R A

2009-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

428

Fact Sheet: Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery Technology (October 2012)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

East Penn Manufacturing East Penn Manufacturing American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery ® Technology Demonstrating new lead-acid battery and capacitor energy storage technology to improve grid performance East Penn Manufacturing, through its subsidiary Ecoult, has designed and constructed an energy storage facility consisting of an array of UltraBattery ® modules integrated in a turnkey battery energy storage system. The UltraBattery ® technology is a significant breakthrough in lead-acid energy storage technology. It is a hybrid device containing both an ultracapacitor and a battery in a common electrolyte, providing significant advantages over traditional energy storage devices. The system is selling up to 3 MW of frequency regulation to PJM Interconnection's grid.

429

Grid-based Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid-based Production Grid-based Production Grid-based Production PDSF is a Tier 2 site for ALICE and as such has the infrastructure in place to run automated grid-based ALICE production jobs. The main components of this infrastructure are listed below. Grid-Enabled Storage Elements There are currently a set of 10 servers running XRootD with a total capacity of 720TB. Included in XRootD are the data transfer tools used to transfer the input and output files for the production jobs running at PDSF. In addition to the 10 servers there is also the XRootD redirector which is currently running on pc1801.nersc.gov (pdsf5.nersc.gov). VO Box A VO (Virtual Organization) box is a dedicated node (palicevo1.nersc.gov) that coordinates the production. It runs the grid-monitoring tool MonALISA, the AliEn grid framework software, a Condor-G client and does job

430

Value of a Smart Grid System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Smart Grid Opportunities 1: Smart Grid Opportunities Remarkable things happen when economic forces and new technology converge. Consider how the the Internet -- combined with new, affordable consumer electronics like laptops, cell phones, HDTV, MP3s, etc. -- has fundamentally changed the way in which people live, work and communicate. A broad range of industries have embraced technology in their quest to improve productivity, reduce costs and improve customer service. Today, the energy sector has a unique opportunity to leverage similar transformational possibilities as a as a range of forces converge: * Volatile energy costs * Rising costs of capital, raw materials and labor * Aging infrastructure and workforce * Continuing national security concerns * Increasing environment awareness

431

Microsoft PowerPoint - Smart Grid Vision - Egidi.pptx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ryan Egidi Ryan Egidi Integrated Electric Power Systems 11 th Annual SECA Workshop 11 th Annual SECA Workshop July 27, 2010 Topics * The "Case for Action" * What is the Smart Grid? Th S t Vi * The Systems View * Performance Modes * Principal Characteristics * Key Technology Areas * Metrics 2 * Metrics Case for Action * Today's grid is aging and outmoded U li bilit i ti billi f d ll * Unreliability is costing consumers billions of dollars * Today's grid is vulnerable to attack and natural disaster * An extended loss of today's grid could be catastrophic to * An extended loss of today s grid could be catastrophic to our security, economy and quality of life * Today's grid does not address the 21 st century power supply challenges * Missed opportunity to enjoy the benefits of a Smart Grid Di t bi t

432

Status of grid scale energy storage and strategies for accelerating cost effective deployment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development of emerging grid scale energy storage technologies offers great potential to improve the architecture and operation of the electrical grid. This is especially important in the face of increased reliance on ...

Kluza, John Jerome

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

A General Filter for Stretched-Grid Models: Application in Two-Dimension Polar Geometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variable-resolution grids are used in global atmospheric models to improve the representation of regional scales over an area of interest: they have reduced computational cost compared to uniform high-resolution grids, and avoid the nesting issues ...

Dorina Surcel; René Laprise

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Application of Continuous Dynamic Grid Adaption Techniques to Meteorological Modeling. Part II: Efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The continuous dynamic adaptive grid (CDGA) technique has been shown to yield significant improvements in solution accuracy over equivalent fixed-grid methods. In this paper we consider the related question of efficiency; for a given degree of ...

Gary S. Dietachmayer

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Objective 1: Extend Life, Improve Performance, and Maintain Safety of the Current Fleet Implementation Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear power has reliably and economically contributed almost 20% of electrical generation in the United States over the past two decades. It remains the single largest contributor (more than 70%) of non-greenhouse-gas-emitting electric power generation in the United States. By the year 2030, domestic demand for electrical energy is expected to grow to levels of 16 to 36% higher than 2007 levels. At the same time, most currently operating nuclear power plants will begin reaching the end of their 60 year operating licenses. Figure E 1 shows projected nuclear energy contribution to the domestic generating capacity. If current operating nuclear power plants do not operate beyond 60 years, the total fraction of generated electrical energy from nuclear power will begin to decline—even with the expected addition of new nuclear generating capacity. The oldest commercial plants in the United States reached their 40th anniversary in 2009. The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy’s Research and Development (R&D) Roadmap has organized its activities in accordance with four objectives that ensure nuclear energy remains a compelling and viable energy option for the United States. The objectives are as follows: (1) develop technologies and other solutions that can improve the reliability, sustain the safety, and extend the life of the current reactors; (2) develop improvements in the affordability of new reactors to enable nuclear energy to help meet the Administration’s energy security and climate change goals; (3) develop sustainable nuclear fuel cycles; and (4) understand and minimize risks of nuclear proliferation and terrorism. The Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program is the primary programmatic activity that addresses Objective 1. This document describes how Objective 1 and the LWRS Program will be implemented. The existing U.S. nuclear fleet has a remarkable safety and performance record and today accounts for 70% of the low greenhouse gas emitting domestic electricity production. Extending the operating lifetimes of current plants beyond 60 years and, where possible, making further improvements in their productivity will generate early benefits from research, development, and demonstration investments in nuclear power. DOE’s role in Objective 1 is to partner with industry and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in appropriate ways to support and conduct the long-term research needed to inform major component refurbishment and replacement strategies, performance enhancements, plant license extensions, and age-related regulatory oversight decisions. The DOE research, development, and demonstration role will focus on aging phenomena and issues that require long-term research and are generic to reactor type. Cost-shared demonstration activities will be conducted when appropriate.

Robert Youngblood

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Objective 1: Extend Life, Improve Performance, and Maintain Safety of the Current Fleet Implementation Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear power has reliably and economically contributed almost 20% of electrical generation in the United States over the past two decades. It remains the single largest contributor (more than 70%) of non-greenhouse-gas-emitting electric power generation in the United States. By the year 2030, domestic demand for electrical energy is expected to grow to levels of 16 to 36% higher than 2007 levels. At the same time, most currently operating nuclear power plants will begin reaching the end of their 60 year operating licenses. Figure E 1 shows projected nuclear energy contribution to the domestic generating capacity. If current operating nuclear power plants do not operate beyond 60 years, the total fraction of generated electrical energy from nuclear power will begin to decline—even with the expected addition of new nuclear generating capacity. The oldest commercial plants in the United States reached their 40th anniversary in 2009. The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy’s Research and Development (R&D) Roadmap has organized its activities in accordance with four objectives that ensure nuclear energy remains a compelling and viable energy option for the United States. The objectives are as follows: (1) develop technologies and other solutions that can improve the reliability, sustain the safety, and extend the life of the current reactors; (2) develop improvements in the affordability of new reactors to enable nuclear energy to help meet the Administration’s energy security and climate change goals; (3) develop sustainable nuclear fuel cycles; and (4) understand and minimize risks of nuclear proliferation and terrorism. The Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program is the primary programmatic activity that addresses Objective 1. This document describes how Objective 1 and the LWRS Program will be implemented. The existing U.S. nuclear fleet has a remarkable safety and performance record and today accounts for 70% of the low greenhouse gas emitting domestic electricity production. Extending the operating lifetimes of current plants beyond 60 years and, where possible, making further improvements in their productivity will generate early benefits from research, development, and demonstration investments in nuclear power. DOE’s role in Objective 1 is to partner with industry and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in appropriate ways to support and conduct the long-term research needed to inform major component refurbishment and replacement strategies, performance enhancements, plant license extensions, and age-related regulatory oversight decisions. The DOE research, development, and demonstration role will focus on aging phenomena and issues that require long-term research and are generic to reactor type. Cost-shared demonstration activities will be conducted when appropriate.

Robert Youngblood

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

New approaches to improve the performance of the PEM based fuel cell power systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel cells are expected to play an important role in future power generation. However, significant technical challenges remain and the commercial breakthrough of fuel cells is hindered by the high price of fuel cell components. As is well known, the fuel cells do not provide the robust source characteristics required to effectively follow the load during significant load steps and they have limited overload-handling capability. Further, the performance of the fuel cell is significantly degraded when the CO (Carbon Monoxide) is contained in the hydrogen fuel. In this thesis several new approaches to improve the performance of PEM based fuel cell power systems are discussed. In the first section an impedance model of the Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Stack (PEMFCS) is first proposed. This equivalent circuit model of the fuel cell stack is derived by a frequency response analysis (FRA) technique to evaluate the effects of the ripple current generated by the power-conditioning unit. Experimental results are presented to show the effects of the ripple currents. In the second section, a fuel cell powered UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply) system is proposed. In this approach, two PEM Fuel Cell modules along with suitable DC/DC and DC/AC power electronic converter modules are employed. A Supercapacitor module is also employed to compensate for instantaneous power fluctuations including overload and to overcome the slow dynamics of the fuel processor such as reformers. A complete design example for a 1-kVA system is presented. In the third section, an advanced power converter topology is proposed to significantly improve the CO tolerance on PEM based fuel cell power systems. An additional two-stage dc-dc converter with a supercapacitor module is connected to the fuel cell to draw a low frequency (0.5Hz) pulsating current of the specific amplitude (20-30[A]) from the fuel cell stack. CO on the catalyst surface can be electro-oxidized by using this technique, and thereby the CO tolerance of the system can be significantly improved. Simulation and experimental results show the validity and feasibility of the proposed scheme.

Choi, Woojin

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Smart Grid Interoperability Maturity Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The integration of automation associated with electricity resources (including transmission and distribution automation and demand-side resources operated by end-users) is key to supporting greater efficiencies and incorporating variable renewable resources and electric vehicles into the power system. The integration problems faced by this community are analogous to those faced in the health industry, emergency services, and other complex communities with many stakeholders. To highlight this issue and encourage communication and the development of a smart grid interoperability community, the GridWise Architecture Council (GWAC) created an Interoperability Context-Setting Framework. This "conceptual model" has been helpful to explain the importance of organizational alignment in addition to technical and informational interface specifications for "smart grid" devices and systems. As a next step to building a community sensitive to interoperability, the GWAC is investigating an interoperability maturity model (IMM) based on work done by others to address similar circumstances. The objective is to create a tool or set of tools that encourages a culture of interoperability in this emerging community. The tools would measure status and progress, analyze gaps, and prioritize efforts to improve the situation.

Widergren, Steven E.; Levinson, Alex; Mater, J.; Drummond, R.

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

439

Method for manufacturing compound semiconductor field-effect transistors with improved DC and high frequency performance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for making compound semiconductor devices including the use of a p-type dopant is disclosed wherein the dopant is co-implanted with an n-type donor species at the time the n-channel is formed and a single anneal at moderate temperature is then performed. Also disclosed are devices manufactured using the method. In the preferred embodiment n-MESFETs and other similar field effect transistor devices are manufactured using C ions co-implanted with Si atoms in GaAs to form an n-channel. C exhibits a unique characteristic in the context of the invention in that it exhibits a low activation efficiency (typically, 50% or less) as a p-type dopant, and consequently, it acts to sharpen the Si n-channel by compensating Si donors in the region of the Si-channel tail, but does not contribute substantially to the acceptor concentration in the buried p region. As a result, the invention provides for improved field effect semiconductor and related devices with enhancement of both DC and high-frequency performance.

Zolper, John C. (Vienna, VA); Sherwin, Marc E. (Rockville, MD); Baca, Albert G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Improved Heat Transfer and Performance of High Intensity Combustion Systems for Reformer Furnace Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developments over the past fifteen years have evolved new short flame, high intensity (1,000,000 BTU/HR/ft3 ) combustion systems for industrial uses. Such systems produce a more uniform and higher heat flux than conventional low intensity systems and should enable substantial capital cost savings in new furnace applications. Recent performance improvements established from tests of high intensity combustion systems are described along with advances made in the analytical prediction of design performance. High intensity combustion systems can operate at zero excess air conditions without generating undesirable constituents in the exhaust. A more uniform gas temperature and gas emissivity renders modeling and design of the furnace radiant heat transfer section more realistic. 'Over-design' to allow for the less determinate conditions typical of low intensity, turbulent diffusion oil flame systems should be avoidable. A model has been set up and results generated which indicate the potentialities of the above premise. The application of vortex stabilized high intensity burners for reformer furnaces in the petrochemical industry is then reviewed and emphasized.

Williams, F. D. M.; Kondratas, H. M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Shifting the Paradigm for Long Term Monitoring at Legacy Sites to Improve Performance while Reducing Cost  

SciTech Connect

A major issue facing many government and private industry sites that were previously contaminated with radioactive and chemical wastes is that often the sites cannot be cleaned up enough to permit unrestricted human access. These sites will require long-term management, in some cases indefinitely, leaving site owners with the challenge of protecting human health and environmental quality in a cost effective manner. Long-term monitoring of groundwater contamination is one of the largest projected costs in the life cycle of environmental management at the Savannah River Site (SRS), the larger DOE complex, and many large federal and private sites. Currently, most monitoring strategies are focused on laboratory measurements of contaminants measured in groundwater samples collected from wells. This approach is expensive, and provides limited and lagging information about the effectiveness of cleanup activities and the behavior of the residual contamination. Over the last twenty years, DOE and other federal agencies have made significant investments in the development of various types of sensors and strategies that would allow for remote analysis of contaminants in groundwater, but these approaches do not promise significant reductions in risk or cost. Scientists at SRS have developed a new paradigm to simultaneously improve the performance of long term monitoring systems while lowering the overall cost of monitoring. This alternative approach incorporates traditional point measurements of contaminant concentration with measurements of controlling variables including boundary conditions, master variables, and traditional plume/contaminant variables. Boundary conditions are the overall driving forces that control plume movement and therefore provide leading indication to changes in plume stability. These variables include metrics associated with meteorology, hydrology, hydrogeology, and land use. Master variables are the key variables that control the chemistry of the groundwater system, and include redox variables (ORP, DO, chemicals), pH, specific conductivity, biological community (breakdown/decay products), and temperature. A robust suite of relatively inexpensive tools is commercially available to measure these variables. Traditional plume/contaminant variables are various measures of contaminant concentration including traditional analysis of chemicals in groundwater samples. An innovative long term monitoring strategy has been developed for acidic or caustic groundwater plumes contaminated with metals and/or radionuclides. Not only should the proposed strategy be more effective at early identification of potential risks, this strategy should be significantly more cost effective because measurement of controlling boundary conditions and master variables is relatively simple. These variables also directly reflect the evolution of the plume through time, so that the monitoring strategy can be modified as the plume 'ages'. This transformational long-term monitoring paradigm will generate significant cost savings to DOE, other federal agencies and industry and will provide improved performance and leading indicators of environmental management performance.

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

442

PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT OF CROSS-FLOW FILTRATION FOR HIGH LEVEL WASTE TREATMENT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the interest of accelerating waste treatment processing, the DOE has funded studies to better understand filtration with the goal of improving filter fluxes in existing cross-flow equipment. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was included in those studies, with a focus on start-up techniques, filter cake development, the application of filter aids (cake forming solid precoats), and body feeds (flux enhancing polymers). This paper discusses the progress of those filter studies. Cross-flow filtration is a key process step in many operating and planned waste treatment facilities to separate undissolved solids from supernate slurries. This separation technology generally has the advantage of self-cleaning through the action of wall shear stress created by the flow of waste slurry through the filter tubes. However, the ability of filter wall self-cleaning depends on the slurry being filtered. Many of the alkaline radioactive wastes are extremely challenging to filtration, e.g., those containing compounds of aluminum and iron, which have particles whose size and morphology reduce permeability. Unfortunately, low filter flux can be a bottleneck in waste processing facilities such as the Savannah River Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit and the Hanford Waste Treatment Plant. Any improvement to the filtration rate would lead directly to increased throughput of the entire process. To date increased rates are generally realized by either increasing the cross-flow filter axial flowrate, limited by pump capacity, or by increasing filter surface area, limited by space and increasing the required pump load. SRNL set up both dead-end and cross-flow filter tests to better understand filter performance based on filter media structure, flow conditions, filter cleaning, and several different types of filter aids and body feeds. Using non-radioactive simulated wastes, both chemically and physically similar to the actual radioactive wastes, the authors performed several tests to demonstrate increases in filter performance. With the proper use of filter flow conditions and filter enhancers, filter flow rates can be increased over rates currently realized today.

Duignan, M.; Nash, C.; Poirier, M.

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

443

Access Grid | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Access Grid Access Grid Access Grid The Access Grid is the ensemble of resources that can be used to support human interaction across the grid. It consists of multimedia display, presentation and interactive environments, interfaces to grid middleware, and interfaces to visualization environments. The Access Grid will support large-scale distributed meetings, collaborative work sessions, seminars, lectures, tutorials and training. The Access Grid design point is group-to-group communication (thus differentiating it from desktop to desktop based tools that focus on individual communication). The Access Grid environment must enable both formal and informal group interactions. Large-format displays integrated with intelligent or active meeting rooms are a central feature of the Access Grid nodes. Access Grid nodes are

444

Improved MCFC performance with Li/Na/Ba/Ca carbonate electrolyte.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Earlier electrolyte segregation tests of Li/Na carbonate used chemical analysis such as inductively coupled plasma/atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP/AES) of matrix strips wetted with carbonate and exposed to 5- to 20-V potential gradients. A segregation factor was correlated to the Li/Na carbonate composition. While fairly substantial segregation occurs at the eutectic composition of 52% Li, it is minimal at 60% to 75% Li. Such lithium-rich Li/Na carbonates may not be practical because the melting points are too high (i.e., liquidus point is 625 C). By adding calcium and barium to the lithium/sodium carbonates, we were able to lower the melting point and maintain nonsegregating behavior. This work is directed at examining the long-term stability of the quaternary Li/Na/Ba/Ca electrolytes. Electrolyte optimization work evaluates Li/Na ratio and Ba/Ca level to improve cell performance at 320 mA/cm{sup 2} and reduce temperature sensitivity. A number of cells with quaternary Li/Na/Ba/Ca electrolytes ranging from 3 to 5% Ba/Ca have operated well with stable, long-term performance. Congruent melting carbonate is important for commercial development. The best so far is 3.5% Ba/Ca/Na/Li (3.5 mol%/3.5 mol% Ba/Ca) carbonate (m.p. 440 C). Performance at 160 mA/cm{sup 2} is increased up to 150mV as compared with the baseline cell containing the Li/Na eutectic composition. Life stability has been reproduced by a number of bench-scale MCFC test with operations of 2000-4300 h and the electrolyte composition across the matrix little changed.

Centeno, C.-J.; Kaun, T. D.; Krumpelt, M.; Schoeler, A.

1999-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

445

Characterization of Computational Grid Resources Using Low-level Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An important factor that needs to be taken into account by end-users and systems (schedulers, resource brokers, policy brokers) when mapping applications to the Grid, is the performance capacity of hardware resources attached to the Grid and made available through its Virtual Organizations (VOs). In this paper, we examine the problem of characterizing the performance capacity of Grid resources using benchmarking. We examine the conditions under which such characterization experiments can be implemented in a Grid setting and present the challenges that arise in this context. We specify a small number of performance metrics and propose a suite of micro-benchmarks to estimate these metrics for clusters that belong to large Virtual Organizations. We describe GridBench, a tool developed to administer benchmarking experiments, publish their results, and produce graphical representations of their metrics. We describe benchmarking experiments conducted with, and published through GridBench, and show how they can help end-users assess the performance capacity of resources that belong to a target Virtual Organization. Finally, we examine the advantages of this approach over solutions implemented currently in existing Grid infrastructures. We conclude that it is essential to provide benchmarking services in the Grid infrastructure, in order to enable the attachment of performance-related metadata to resources belonging to Virtual Organizations and the retrieval of such metadata by end-users and other Grid systems. 1

George Tsouloupas; Marios Dikaiakos

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

SMART FUEL CELL OPERATED RESIDENTIAL MICRO-GRID COMMUNITY  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To build on the work of year one by expanding the smart control algorithm developed to a micro-grid of ten houses; to perform a cost analysis; to evaluate alternate energy sources; to study system reliability; to develop the energy management algorithm, and to perform micro-grid software and hardware simulations.

Dr. Mohammad S. Alam (PI/PD)

2005-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

447

GridLab: a grid application toolkit and testbed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present the new project called GridLab which is funded by the European Commission under the Fifth Framework Programme. The GridLab project, made up of computer scientists, astrophysicists and other scientists from various application ... Keywords: GAT, grid computing, gridLab, testbed

Ed Seidel; Gabrielle Allen; André Merzky; Jarek Nabrzyski

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

NIST Global Standards Information Smart Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) Smart Grid Website. GridWise Architecture Council (GWAC) Website. ...

449

Antiscatter grids in mobile C-arm cone-beam CT: Effect on image quality and dose  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: X-ray scatter is a major detriment to image quality in cone-beam CT (CBCT). Existing geometries exhibit strong differences in scatter susceptibility with more compact geometries, e.g., dental or musculoskeletal, benefiting from antiscatter grids, whereas in more extended geometries, e.g., IGRT, grid use carries tradeoffs in image quality per unit dose. This work assesses the tradeoffs in dose and image quality for grids applied in the context of low-dose CBCT on a mobile C-arm for image-guided surgery. Methods: Studies were performed on a mobile C-arm equipped with a flat-panel detector for high-quality CBCT. Antiscatter grids of grid ratio (GR) 6:1-12:1, 40 lp/cm, were tested in ''body'' surgery, i.e., spine, using protocols for bone and soft-tissue visibility in the thoracic and abdominal spine. Studies focused on grid orientation, CT number accuracy, image noise, and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) in quantitative phantoms at constant dose. Results: There was no effect of grid orientation on possible gridline artifacts, given accurate angle-dependent gain calibration. Incorrect calibration was found to result in gridline shadows in the projection data that imparted high-frequency artifacts in 3D reconstructions. Increasing GR reduced errors in CT number from 31%, thorax, and 37%, abdomen, for gridless operation to 2% and 10%, respectively, with a 12:1 grid, while image noise increased by up to 70%. The CNR of high-contrast objects was largely unaffected by grids, but low-contrast soft-tissues suffered reduction in CNR, 2%-65%, across the investigated GR at constant dose. Conclusions: While grids improved CT number accuracy, soft-tissue CNR was reduced due to attenuation of primary radiation. CNR could be restored by increasing dose by factors of {approx}1.6-2.5 depending on GR, e.g., increase from 4.6 mGy for the thorax and 12.5 mGy for the abdomen without antiscatter grids to approximately 12 mGy and 30 mGy, respectively, with a high-GR grid. However, increasing the dose poses a significant impediment to repeat intraoperative CBCT and can cause the cumulative intraoperative dose to exceed that of a single diagnostic CT scan. This places the mobile C-arm in the category of extended CBCT geometries with sufficient air gap for which the tradeoffs between CNR and dose typically do not favor incorporation of an antiscatter grid.

Schafer, S.; Stayman, J.W.; Zbijewski, W.; Schmidgunst, C.; Kleinszig, G.; Siewerdsen, J.H. [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21202 (United States); Siemens Healthcare XP Division, Erlangen, Bavaria 91052 (Germany); Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21202 (United States) and Department of Computer Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

The Green Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper, prepared as part of the EPRI Energy Efficiency Initiative, provides a first-order quantification of energy savings and carbon-dioxide (CO2) emissions reduction impacts of a Smart Grid infrastructure.

2008-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

451

Smart Grid Technologies Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electric utility industry is pushing forward into advanced automation and communication systems that are becoming the base of the Smart Grid. Each new deployment adds more intelligence to the grid and expands the information gathering capability available to energy suppliers and system operators. It also brings new challenges in the form of standards, data mining, and automated control. New technologies for electric energy storage and demand response open opportunities to integrate distributed genera...

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Smart Grid Communications:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interoperability is a key requirement for data communications in the “smart grid”. It has been articulated at great length by the GridWise Architecture Council (GWAC). However, the interoperability issues identified here to date include only interoperability of the data exchange. In this paper, we first argue that middleware is a key enabling technology for helping meet interoperability requirements and avoid stovepipe systems in the smart grid. We then argue that the smart grid’s data communications must support interoperability of Quality of Service (QoS) and security mechanisms across an entire power grid; this will necessarily involve traversing multiple organizations ’ IT infrastructures that may have different network-level mechanisms for providing QoS and security. We introduce the concept of QoS stovepipes to illustrate how such QoS and security interoperability may occur. We then argue that the application programmer interface for such QoS and security requirements must be kept as high-level as possible to avoid QoS stovepipes. Finally, we argue that middleware-level mechanisms are a much better way to provide this end-to-end QoS and security, compared to the usual technique in the power grid of using (and getting locked into) network-level mechanisms (which the middleware is built on top of). 1 This paper is a reformatted version of one from the Grid-Interop 2009 meeting in Denver, Colorado, USA on November 18, 2009, and appearing there in its online proceedings (it won the Best Paper award for the “Connectivity ” Track). URL for this document:

Qos Stovepipes; Qos Interoperability; David E. Bakken; Richard E. Schantz

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Random array grid collimator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hexagonally shaped quasi-random no-two-holes touching grid collimator. The quasi-random array grid collimator eliminates contamination from small angle off-axis rays by using a no-two-holes-touching pattern which simultaneously provides for a self-supporting array increasng throughput by elimination of a substrate. The presentation invention also provides maximum throughput using hexagonally shaped holes in a hexagonal lattice pattern for diffraction limited applications. Mosaicking is also disclosed for reducing fabrication effort.

Fenimore, E.E.

1980-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

454

GRIDS: Grid-Scale Rampable Intermittent Dispatchable Storage  

SciTech Connect

GRIDS Project: The 12 projects that comprise ARPA-E’s GRIDS Project, short for “Grid-Scale Rampable Intermittent Dispatchable Storage,” are developing storage technologies that can store renewable energy for use at any location on the grid at an investment cost less than $100 per kilowatt hour. Flexible, large-scale storage would create a stronger and more robust electric grid by enabling renewables to contribute to reliable power generation.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Smart-Grid Security Issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although researchers have spent considerable time on smart-grid cybersecurity issues, major problems remain unsolved. This article presents a high-level review of authentication and encryption solutions for smart-grid architectures. Keywords: smart grid, computer security, security and privacy, electrical grid, authentication, encryption, SCADA

Himanshu Khurana; Mark Hadley; Ning Lu; Deborah A. Frincke

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Electricity Storage in Smart Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 2, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2011 643 Guest Editorial Cyber, Physical, and System Security for Smart Grid The vision of a smart grid relies heavily on the information for optimized energy consumption. One critical aspect of the smart grid related information and com- munications

Dekker, Cees

457

Improving process performances in coal gasification for power and synfuel production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is aimed at developing process alternatives of conventional coal gasification. A number of possibilities are presented, simulated, and discussed in order to improve the process performances, to avoid the use of pure oxygen, and to reduce the overall CO{sub 2} emissions. The different process configurations considered include both power production, by means of an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant, and synfuel production, by means of Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis. The basic idea is to thermally couple a gasifier, fed with coal and steam, and a combustor where coal is burnt with air, thus overcoming the need of expensive pure oxygen as a feedstock. As a result, no or little nitrogen is present in the syngas produced by the gasifier; the required heat is transferred by using an inert solid as the carrier, which is circulated between the two modules. First, a thermodynamic study of the dual-bed gasification is carried out. Then a dual-bed gasification process is simulated by Aspen Plus, and the efficiency and overall CO{sub 2} emissions of the process are calculated and compared with a conventional gasification with oxygen. Eventually, the scheme with two reactors (gasifier-combustor) is coupled with an IGCC process. The simulation of this plant is compared with that of a conventional IGCC, where the gasifier is fed by high purity oxygen. According to the newly proposed configuration, the global plant efficiency increases by 27.9% and the CO{sub 2} emissions decrease by 21.8%, with respect to the performances of a conventional IGCC process. 29 refs., 7 figs., 5 tabs.

M. Sudiro; A. Bertucco; F. Ruggeri; M. Fontana [University of Padova, Milan (Italy). Italy and Foster Wheeler Italiana Spa

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

458

Synchronization-Aware Dynamic Thread Scheduling for Improving Performance and Saving Energy in Multi-core Embedded Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowadays, chip multi-processors (CMP) are being widely used in embedded systems due to their superior performance for parallel computing. However, they also incur significantly large power consumption. To solve this issue, designers of embedded operating ... Keywords: Multi-Core Embedded Systems, Thread Scheduling, Energy Saving, Performance Improvement

Chih-Sheng Lin, Bo-Hsuan Wang, Pao-Ann Hsiung

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Compound semiconductor field-effect transistors with improved dc and high frequency performance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for making compound semiconductor devices including the use of a p-type dopant is disclosed wherein the dopant is co-implanted with an n-type donor species at the time the n-channel is deposited. Also disclosed are devices manufactured using the method. In the preferred embodiment n-MESFETs and other similar field effect transistor devices are manufactured using C ions implanted with Si atoms in GaAs to form an n-channel. C exhibits a unique characteristic in the context of the invention in that it exhibits a low activation efficiency (typically, 50% or less) as a p-type dopant, and consequently, it acts to sharpen the Si n-channel by compensating Si donors in the region the Si-channel tail, but does not contribute substantially to the acceptor concentration in the region of the buried p-implant. As a result, the invention provides for improved field effect transistor devices with enhancement of both DC and high-frequency performance.

Zolper, J.C.; Sherwin, M.E.; Baca, A.G.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

460

Occurrence reporting and processing system (ORPS) lessons learned: Tools to improve workplace performance  

SciTech Connect

Various Department of Energy (DOE) orders require DOE and DOE contractor personnel to review abnormal events to gain lessons learned information. The term event'' is used to mean a real-time occurrence. When reviewing events data, it must be possible to determine what happened and why (including root causes), the impacts, the appropriate corrective actions, and any lessons learned that might be applicable to activities of other operations or contractors. Merely obtaining the information will not prevent occurrence of a similar event; contributing conditions must be corrected. It is important for managers, trainers, and others to learn from the events of others so that they may apply these experiences to their own activities. Reports of events must be analyzed to determine possible applicability to other facilities and/or job functions. Relevant information can then be used to correct defects and improve facilities and operations, thus making them more efficient and safer for all employees. Lessons learned information is particularly helpful in planning employee training and in developing training curriculum and programs. Lessons learned information can be obtained from many sources. It can be found in the Safety Performance Measurement System's Computerized Accident/Incident Reporting System (CAIRS) module, the S H Publications module, the Unusual Occurrence Reports module, and the Office of Nuclear Safety Operating Experience Weekly Summary.'' One important source of lessons teamed information is the Occurrence Reporting and Processing System (ORPS) database, which contains event data from September 1, 1990, to the present. This report discusses this source.

Commander, S.L.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "improve grid performance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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461

Occurrence reporting and processing system (ORPS) lessons learned: Tools to improve workplace performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Various Department of Energy (DOE) orders require DOE and DOE contractor personnel to review abnormal events to gain lessons learned information. The term ``event`` is used to mean a real-time occurrence. When reviewing events data, it must be possible to determine what happened and why (including root causes), the impacts, the appropriate corrective actions, and any lessons learned that might be applicable to activities of other operations or contractors. Merely obtaining the information will not prevent occurrence of a similar event; contributing conditions must be corrected. It is important for managers, trainers, and others to learn from the events of others so that they may apply these experiences to their own activities. Reports of events must be analyzed to determine possible applicability to other facilities and/or job functions. Relevant information can then be used to correct defects and improve facilities and operations, thus making them more efficient and safer for all employees. Lessons learned information is particularly helpful in planning employee training and in developing training curriculum and programs. Lessons learned information can be obtained from many sources. It can be found in the Safety Performance Measurement System`s Computerized Accident/Incident Reporting System (CAIRS) module, the S&H Publications module, the Unusual Occurrence Reports module, and the Office of Nuclear Safety ``Operating Experience Weekly Summary.`` One important source of lessons teamed information is the Occurrence Reporting and Processing System (ORPS) database, which contains event data from September 1, 1990, to the present. This report discusses this source.

Commander, S.L.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

462

IMPROVING THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL DRUM TYPEPACKAGES BY USING HEAT PIPES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a feasibility study to improve thermal loading of existing radioactive material packages by using heat pipes. The concept could be used to channel heat in certain directions and dissipate to the environment. The concept is applied to a drum type package because the drum type packages are stored and transported in an upright position. This orientation is suitable for heat pipe operation that could facilitate the heat pipe implementation in the existing well proven package designs or in new designs where thermal loading is high. In this position, heat pipes utilize gravity very effectively to enhance heat flow in the upward direction Heat pipes have extremely high effective thermal conductivity that is several magnitudes higher than the most heat conducting metals. In addition, heat pipes are highly unidirectional so that the effective conductivity for heat transfer in the reverse direction is greatly reduced. The concept is applied to the 9977 package that is currently going through the DOE certification review. The paper presents computer simulations using typical off-the-shelf heat pipe available configurations and performance data for the 9977 package. A path forward is outlined for implementing the concepts for further study and prototype testing.

Gupta, N

2007-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

463

Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide (AERG): Practical Ways to Improve Energy Performance; Healthcare Facilities (Book)  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide for Healthcare Facilities is part of a series of retrofit guides commissioned by the U.S. Department of Energy. By presenting general project planning guidance as well as detailed descriptions and financial payback metrics for the most important and relevant energy efficiency measures (EEMs), the guides provide a practical roadmap for effectively planning and implementing performance improvements in existing buildings. The Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides (AERGs) are intended to address key segments of the U.S. commercial building stock: retail stores, office buildings, K-12 schools, grocery stores, and healthcare facilities. The guides' general project planning considerations are applicable nationwide; the energy and cost savings estimates for recommended EEMs were developed based on energy simulations and cost estimates for an example hospital tailored to five distinct climate regions. These results can be extrapolated to other U.S. climate zones. Analysis is presented for individual EEMs, and for packages of recommended EEMs for two project types: existing building commissioning projects that apply low-cost and no-cost measures, and whole-building retrofits involving more capital-intensive measures.

Hendron, R.; Leach, M.; Bonnema, E.; Shekhar, D.; Pless, S.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Improving the performance of brine wells at Gulf Coast strategic petroleum reserve sites  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

At the request of the Department of Energy, field techniques were developed to evaluate and improve the injection of brine into wells at Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) sites. These wells a