National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for improve decision making

  1. DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making...

  2. INTERIM REPORT IMPROVED METHODS FOR INCORPORATING RISK IN DECISION MAKING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clausen, M. J.; Fraley, D. W.; Denning, R. S.

    1980-08-01

    This paper reports observations and preliminary investigations in the first phase of a research program covering methodologies for making safety-related decisions. The objective has been to gain insight into NRC perceptions of the value of formal decision methods, their possible applications, and how risk is, or may be, incorporated in decision making. The perception of formal decision making techniques, held by various decision makers, and what may be done to improve them, were explored through interviews with NRC staff. An initial survey of decision making methods, an assessment of the applicability of formal methods vis-a-vis the available information, and a review of methods of incorporating risk and uncertainty have also been conducted.

  3. Reliability improvement project decision making : water cooling system redesign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devine, Paul (Paul S.)

    2006-01-01

    Deciding on which reliability & performance improvement projects to launch or to reject has historically been an extremely challenging responsibility of Teradyne management. Incorrect decisions can lead to major customer ...

  4. Community and public participation: Risk Communication and Improving Decision Making in Flood and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    Community and public participation: Risk Communication and Improving Decision Making in Flood Street, London (Jeremy.Richardson@Scottwilson.com) Joanne Reilly, Social Research Officer, Flood Defence communication and improving decision making in flood and coastal defence. Presentation at 38th DEFRA Flood

  5. Value stream financial modeling for improved production decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, Christopher Warren

    2011-01-01

    Understanding the overall impact of a decision in a manufacturing system can be challenging given the complex production and financial structures in today's companies. While knowing the direct result of a local change may ...

  6. Aging and decision making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Sophie

    2010-06-30

    The study sought to clarify the effects of aging in regard to decision making abilities. Decision making is dependent upon the Frontal Cortex structures; the Orbitofrontal Cortex and the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex. These structures are thought...

  7. Essays in decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Tom Y., 1976-

    2009-01-01

    This thesis explores the impact of individual decision making on the functioning of firms and markets. The first chapter examines how deviations from strict rationality by individuals impact the market for consumer goods. ...

  8. ASSESSING PERFORMANCE OF ANIMAL WELFARE ORGANIZATIONS TO IMPROVE PHILANTHROPIC DECISION-MAKING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Anthony P.

    that many participants felt the sector would benefit from the use of more quantitative and qualitative-MAKING by Leanne Katherine McConnachie B.A., The University of Victoria, 1988 A thesis submitted in partial in an in-depth qualitative study to establish which performance criteria best determine the effectiveness

  9. FEATURE ARTICLES Group Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FEATURE ARTICLES Group Decision Making in Honey Bee Swarms When 10,000 bees go house hunting, how a neighboring colony. A striking example of decision mak- ing by an animal group is the choice of a nesting site paper on house hunting by honey bees. Lindauer was then a postdtx:toral stu- dent at the University

  10. Contributions to risk-informed decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, Michael A. (Michael Alfred)

    2010-01-01

    Risk-informed decision-making (RIDM) is a formal process that assists stakeholders make decisions in the face of uncertainty. At MIT, a tool known as the Analytic Deliberative Decision Making Process (ADP) has been under ...

  11. Making Compressed Air System Decisions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porri, R. E.

    1996-01-01

    stream_source_info ESL-IE-96-04-32.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 5121 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name ESL-IE-96-04-32.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 MAKING COMPRESSED AIR... SYSTEM DECISIONS Richard E. Porri Product Manager ABSTRACT This paper presents a decision making process that will pennit the design, installation and operation ofa high efficiency and reliable compressed air system. The design of a compressed air...

  12. Interactions between learning and decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tulabandhula, Theja

    2014-01-01

    We quantify the effects of learning and decision making on each other in three parts. In the first part, we look at how knowledge about decision making can influence learning. Let the decision cost be the amount spent by ...

  13. Simulation of human decision making

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forsythe, J. Chris (Sandia Park, NM); Speed, Ann E. (Albuquerque, NM); Jordan, Sabina E. (Albuquerque, NM); Xavier, Patrick G. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2008-05-06

    A method for computer emulation of human decision making defines a plurality of concepts related to a domain and a plurality of situations related to the domain, where each situation is a combination of at least two of the concepts. Each concept and situation is represented in the computer as an oscillator output, and each situation and concept oscillator output is distinguishable from all other oscillator outputs. Information is input to the computer representative of detected concepts, and the computer compares the detected concepts with the stored situations to determine if a situation has occurred.

  14. Investigating online decision-making styles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Young A

    2009-05-15

    As one of the factors influencing consumers purchase behavior, decision-making styles are crucial for understanding consumer shopping behavior and for developing successful marketing strategies. Decision-making styles have ...

  15. Naturalistic Decision Making For Power System Operators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

    2009-06-23

    Abstract: Motivation -- As indicated by the Blackout of 2003, the North American interconnected electric system is vulnerable to cascading outages and widespread blackouts. Investigations of large scale outages often attribute the causes to the three T’s: Trees, Training and Tools. A systematic approach has been developed to document and understand the mental processes that an expert power system operator uses when making critical decisions. The approach has been developed and refined as part of a capability demonstration of a high-fidelity real-time power system simulator under normal and emergency conditions. To examine naturalistic decision making (NDM) processes, transcripts of operator-to-operator conversations are analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design -- The results of the study indicate that we can map the Situation Awareness Level of the operators at each point in the scenario. We can also identify clearly what mental models and mental simulations are being performed at different points in the scenario. As a result of this research we expect that we can identify improved training methods and improved analytical and visualization tools for power system operators. Originality/Value -- The research applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message -- The NDM approach provides an ideal framework for systematic training management and mitigation to accelerate learning in team-based training scenarios with high-fidelity power grid simulators.

  16. Politically rational foreign policy decision-making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, Charles Todd

    2006-10-30

    This dissertation is an analysis of how presidents make foreign policy decisions. Rather than explaining foreign policy decisions by focusing on individuals or institutions, I stress the role of political pressures and ...

  17. Improved Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2012-06-12

    Recommendations from the DOE Field Management Council (FMC), NEPA Improvement Team, and the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) for improving NEPA compliance through the integration of Program ad Project Management

  18. Information, decision-making and health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abaluck, Jason T

    2011-01-01

    This thesis consists of three essays on information, decision-making and health. All three concern the relationship between the choices consumers would make if they were "fully informed" in an appropriate sense and the ...

  19. Preferences, Information, and Group Decision Making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinoza, Alejandro

    2009-05-15

    This study will examine how the structure of preferences of group members in a decision-making group, as well as the information they have, affects the collection and the processing of information by individual members of ...

  20. Rock Slopes from Mechanics to Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einstein, Herbert H.

    Rock slope instabilities are discussed in the context of decision making for risk assessment and management. Hence, the state of the slope and possible failure mechanism need to be defined first. This is done with geometrical ...

  1. Executive decision making processes and outcomes : structure and robustness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chacon, Vince

    2003-01-01

    Uncertainty in the decision making environment complicates the decision making process because future events may change the effect of a particular decision or series of decisions. This thesis explores the possibility of ...

  2. Risk Analysis and Decision-Making Under Uncertainty: A Strategy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Risk Analysis and Decision-Making Under Uncertainty: A Strategy and its Applications Risk Analysis and Decision-Making Under Uncertainty: A Strategy and its Applications Ming Ye...

  3. Probabilistic Modeling and Phase 2 Decision Making at the West...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and Phase 2 Decision Making at the West Valley Demonstration Project and the Western New York Nuclear Service Center Probabilistic Modeling and Phase 2 Decision Making at the...

  4. Decision-making in autism spectrum conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luke, Lydia R.

    2011-02-08

    at the critical point [and] she was not capable of making a decision’ (Re MB, p427). Similarly, cognitively able patients with anorexia nervosa may lack the capacity to consent to feeding treatment due to their intense fear of weight gain and...

  5. The cognitive dynamics underlying decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jaeseung

    )Temporal dynamics 2)Sequential dynamics #12;How does the brain make effective real-world decisions dependent A B C D 0 25 50 75 100 Choicepercentage(%) Options A B C D 0 25 50 75 100 Choicepercentage(%) Options A B C D 0 25 50 75 100 Choicepercentage(%) Options B-Index 0

  6. Climate Information Needs for Financial Decision Making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higgins, Paul

    2013-11-19

    Climate Information Needs for Financial Decision Making (Final Report) This Department of Energy workshop award (grant #DE-SC0008480) provided primary support for the American Meteorological Society’s study on climate information needs for financial decision making. The goal of this study was to help advance societal decision making by examining the implications of climate variability and change on near-term financial investments. We explored four key topics: 1) the conditions and criteria that influence returns on investment of major financial decisions, 2) the climate sensitivity of financial decisions, 3) climate information needs of financial decision makers, and 4) potential new mechanisms to promote collaboration between scientists and financial decision makers. Better understanding of these four topics will help scientists provide the most useful information and enable financial decision makers to use scientific information most effectively. As a result, this study will enable leaders in business and government to make well-informed choices that help maximize long-term economic success and social wellbeing in the United States The outcomes of the study include a workshop, which brought together leaders from the scientific and financial decision making communities, a publication of the study report, and a public briefing of the results to the policy community. In addition, we will present the results to the scientific community at the AMS Annual Meeting in February, 2014. The study results were covered well by the media including Bloomberg News and E&E News. Upon request, we also briefed the Office of Science Technology Policy (OSTP) and the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) on the outcomes. We presented the results to the policy community through a public briefing in December on Capitol Hill. The full report is publicly available at www.ametsoc.org/cin. Summary of Key Findings The United States invests roughly $1.5 trillion U.S. dollars (USD) in capital assets each year across the public and private sectors (Orszag 2008; United States Census Bureau 2013). Extreme weather events create and exacerbate risks to these financial investments by contributing to: • Direct physical impacts on the investments themselves • Degradation of critical supporting infrastructure • Changes in the availability of key natural resources • Changes to workforce availability or capacity • Changes in the customer base • Supply chain disruptions • Legal liability • Shifts in the regulatory environment • Reductions in credit ratings Even small changes in weather can impact operations in critical economic sectors. As a result, maximizing returns on financial investments depends on accurately understanding and effectively accounting for these risks. Climate variability and change can either exacerbate existing risks or cause new sources of risk to emerge. Managing these risks most effectively will depend on scientific advances and increases in the capacity of financial decision makers to use the scientific knowledge that results. Barriers to using climate information must also be overcome. This study proposes three predefined levels of certainty for communicating about weather and climate risks: 1) possible (i.e., unknown likelihood or less than 50% chance of occurrence), 2) probable (greater than 50% chance of occurrence), and 3) effectively certain (at least 95% chance of occurrence). For example, it is effectively certain that a change in climate will alter weather patterns. It is probable that climate warming will cause increases in the intensity of some extreme events. It is possible that climate change will cause major and widespread disruptions to key planetary life-support services. Key recommendations of this study: 1) Identify climate-related risks and opportunities for financial decision making. 2) Create a framework to translate scientific information in clear and actionable terms for financial decision makers. 3) Analyze existing climate assessments and translate projected impacts into possible, probable,

  7. Learning in Dynamic Decision Making: Information Utilization and Future Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    Learning in Dynamic Decision Making: Information Utilization and Future Planning Wai-Tat Fu improved through better utilization of critical information. Subjects also learned to engage in better future planning by anticipating changes in the system. In the second experiment, we provided only

  8. Stochastic methods for improving secondary production decisions under compositional uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    the usage of secondary or recycled materials. This thesis aims to improve materials decision making in two of these key areas: 1) blending decisions in manufacturing, and 2) alloy design decisions in product development. The usage of recycled aluminum in alloy blends is greatly hindered by variation in the raw

  9. Cellular Decision Making and Biological Noise: From Microbes to Mammals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balazsi, Gabor

    Cellular decision making is the process whereby cells assume different, functionally important and heritable fates without an associated genetic or environmental difference. Such stochastic cell fate decisions generate ...

  10. Computer-aided decision making for Medical Device Reporting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jih-Horn

    1987-01-01

    , and answer the questions'- "What to do, How, and When?" MDRSOFT, a computer-aided decision making aid for medical de ricr reporting, attempts to capture dynamic problem- solving knowledge through modeling man processed decision making in the domain...

  11. Essays on household decision making in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, James W. (James Wesley)

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation contains three essays on household decision making in the areas of education and health in developing countries. The first chapter explores intra-household decision making in the context of conditional ...

  12. A decision making framework for cruise ship design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsoufis, George P. (George Paraskevas)

    2006-01-01

    This thesis develops a new decision making framework for initial cruise ship design. Through review of effectiveness analysis and multi-criteria decision making, a uniform philosophy is created to articulate a framework ...

  13. Evidence-based Decision Making: Influences on Central-Office Administrators' Decision-Making Practices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haecker, Bonnie Minnia

    2013-12-05

    of this quantitative non-experimental study was to identify the evidence-based decision-making practices of central office administrators (n = 268) and the factors that influence them. Based on the findings in the literature, a survey was developed to collect data...

  14. D2 Dopamine Receptor Mediation of Risky Decision-making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Nicholas Wayne

    2011-08-08

    of D2 cRNA hybridization in both orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) predicted risky decision-making behavior as assessed by nonlinear curve estimation analyses. Interestingly, opposite relationships between D2 m...-making ............................................................................. 85 Prefrontal Cortex Dopaminergic Mediation of Risky Decision-making ......... 85 Striatal Dopaminergic Mediation of Risky Decision-making ......................... 87 The Relationship between D2 Receptors and Other Forms of Cost...

  15. Similarities and Differences in Decision-Making Processes and Practices Among Elementary School Principals in Program Improvement Year 1, Year 3 and Year 5 Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sims, Wilhelmena

    2011-01-01

    Development 3. Monitoring School Performance 4. Improvementdevelopment improve school performance? Describe how yourDevelopment 3. Monitoring School Performance 4. Improvement

  16. EM Risk and Cleanup Decision Making Presentation by Mark Gilbertson...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    * Existing environment and health risk www.em.doe.gov 2 * Existing environment and health risk analysis to support decision-making * Considerations going forward The Past Five...

  17. Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making:...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Resource Document Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Applying Climate...

  18. Dynamic Decision Making for Graphical Models Applied to Oil Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinelli, Gabriele; Hauge, Ragnar

    2012-01-01

    We present a framework for sequential decision making in problems described by graphical models. The setting is given by dependent discrete random variables with associated costs or revenues. In our examples, the dependent variables are the potential outcomes (oil, gas or dry) when drilling a petroleum well. The goal is to develop an optimal selection strategy that incorporates a chosen utility function within an approximated dynamic programming scheme. We propose and compare different approximations, from simple heuristics to more complex iterative schemes, and we discuss their computational properties. We apply our strategies to oil exploration over multiple prospects modeled by a directed acyclic graph, and to a reservoir drilling decision problem modeled by a Markov random field. The results show that the suggested strategies clearly improve the simpler intuitive constructions, and this is useful when selecting exploration policies.

  19. Rangeland Risk Management for Texans: Making Better Decisions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Larry D.

    2000-11-01

    The commonsense guidelines in this publication can help rangeland managers make better decisions. They include being cautious about wishful thinking, being realistic about the value of your assets, and making sure you have all the facts....

  20. New information technologies in public participation : a challenge to old decision-making institutional frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferraz de Abreu, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    2002-01-01

    Given the progress in information technology (IT) in the past 30 years, I hypothesized that new conditions exist for considerable improvements in public participation in decision-making. In order to test my hypothesis, I ...

  1. Enhancing Financial Decision-Making Using Social Behavior Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    movements. This pro- cess can be modeled by connecting online social behavior and future trading behaviorEnhancing Financial Decision-Making Using Social Behavior Modeling Ruoqian Liu, Ankit Agrawal, Wei is a social activity that involves every par- ticipant's decision making. Meanwhile, people's online be

  2. Evolving OWA Operators for Cyber Security Decision Making Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    Evolving OWA Operators for Cyber Security Decision Making Problems Simon Miller Jonathan M cyber security experts took part in an exercise in which they independently assessed a realistic system--Ordered Weighted Average, Evolutionary Algo- rithms, Simulated Annealing, Cyber Security, Expert Decision Making I

  3. Smarter Cropping: Internet program helps farmers make decisions about crops 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2009-01-01

    Wythe tx H2O | pg. 26 Smarter Cropping Internet program helps farmers make decisions about crops Along the coastal plains of Texas, farmers and crop managers are using the Internet to make more informed decisions about growing cotton. This Web...

  4. Total cost model for making sourcing decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morita, Mark, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    This thesis develops a total cost model based on the work done during a six month internship with ABB. In order to help ABB better focus on low cost country sourcing, a total cost model was developed for sourcing decisions. ...

  5. Needs for Risk Informing Environmental Cleanup Decision Making - 13613

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Ming; Moorer, Richard

    2013-07-01

    This paper discusses the needs for risk informing decision making by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM). The mission of the DOE EM is to complete the safe cleanup of the environmental legacy brought about from the nation's five decades of nuclear weapons development and production and nuclear energy research. This work represents some of the most technically challenging and complex cleanup efforts in the world and is projected to require the investment of billions of dollars and several decades to complete. Quantitative assessments of health and environmental risks play an important role in work prioritization and cleanup decisions of these challenging environmental cleanup and closure projects. The risk assessments often involve evaluation of performance of integrated engineered barriers and natural systems over a period of hundreds to thousands of years, when subject to complex geo-environmental transformation processes resulting from remediation and disposal actions. The requirement of resource investments for the cleanup efforts and the associated technical challenges have subjected the EM program to continuous scrutiny by oversight entities. Recent DOE reviews recommended application of a risk-informed approach throughout the EM complex for improved targeting of resources. The idea behind this recommendation is that by using risk-informed approaches to prioritize work scope, the available resources can be best utilized to reduce environmental and health risks across the EM complex, while maintaining the momentum of the overall EM cleanup program at a sustainable level. In response to these recommendations, EM is re-examining its work portfolio and key decision making with risk insights for the major sites. This paper summarizes the review findings and recommendations from the DOE internal reviews, discusses the needs for risk informing the EM portfolio and makes an attempt to identify topics for R and D in integrated risk assessment that could assist in the EM prioritization efforts. (authors)

  6. Consciousness, Decision-Making and Neural Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolls, Edmund T.

    , and an implicit, unconscious route for well-learned actions to obtain goals. Then a higher order syntactic thought the planning, HOST system and not feel like something. Neurally plausible models of decision-Action Cycle: Models, Architectures, and Hardware, Springer Series in Cognitive and Neural Systems 1, DOI 10

  7. Developing an alternative model for travel decision-making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, Kam

    2009-05-15

    This study proposes an alternative travel decision making model and situates its arguments in the Motivation-Opportunity-Ability (MOA) theoretical construct. The MOA model suggests that motivation, opportunity, and ability ...

  8. Making a Decision to Intervene: Adaptive Guidelines to Humanitarian Intervention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Ranya

    2011-12-31

    This thesis seeks to examine multilateral humanitarian intervention as a universal norm of international law, and analyze the decision making process, including the political and moral reasons, justifications, procedures, ...

  9. Statistical learning for decision making : interpretability, uncertainty, and inference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letham, Benjamin

    2015-01-01

    Data and predictive modeling are an increasingly important part of decision making. Here we present advances in several areas of statistical learning that are important for gaining insight from large amounts of data, and ...

  10. On Committee Decision Making: A Game Theoretical Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shenoy, Prakash P.

    1980-04-01

    In this paper, we study committee decision making process using game theory. By a committee, we mean any group of people who have to pick one option from a given set of alternatives. A well defined voting rule is specified ...

  11. Decision-making under Ambiguity in Neurodegenerative Disease 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Denise

    2011-11-23

    Decision-making is a complex skill that is essential for daily life. Yet the complexities of this process are often overlooked in favour of more obvious cognitive deficits during neuropsychological assessment, such as ...

  12. Balancing influence between actors in healthcare decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaplan, Robert M; Babad, Yair M

    2011-01-01

    Kaplan and Babad BMC Health Services Research 2011, 11:85decision making Robert M Kaplan 1* and Yair M Babad 22006, 355(9):920-927. 16. Kaplan RM: Measuring quality of

  13. DEVELOPMENTOF A DECISION MAKING ALGORITHMFOR AIRBAG CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmud, Syed Masud

    is the energy per unit mass. However, there are several problems in using the change in Car energy and the change in occupant position with respect to the car, other algorithms first filter the signal at a random low cutoff frequency and make different analyses [1],[4]. This paper presents a new algorithm

  14. Risk perception & strategic decision making :general insights, a framework, and specific application to electricity generation using nuclear energy.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brewer, Jeffrey D.

    2005-11-01

    The objective of this report is to promote increased understanding of decision making processes and hopefully to enable improved decision making regarding high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological systems. This report brings together insights regarding risk perception and decision making across domains ranging from nuclear power technology safety, cognitive psychology, economics, science education, public policy, and neural science (to name a few). It forms them into a unique, coherent, concise framework, and list of strategies to aid in decision making. It is suggested that all decision makers, whether ordinary citizens, academics, or political leaders, ought to cultivate their abilities to separate the wheat from the chaff in these types of decision making instances. The wheat includes proper data sources and helpful human decision making heuristics; these should be sought. The chaff includes ''unhelpful biases'' that hinder proper interpretation of available data and lead people unwittingly toward inappropriate decision making ''strategies''; obviously, these should be avoided. It is further proposed that successfully accomplishing the wheat vs. chaff separation is very difficult, yet tenable. This report hopes to expose and facilitate navigation away from decision-making traps which often ensnare the unwary. Furthermore, it is emphasized that one's personal decision making biases can be examined, and tools can be provided allowing better means to generate, evaluate, and select among decision options. Many examples in this report are tailored to the energy domain (esp. nuclear power for electricity generation). The decision making framework and approach presented here are applicable to any high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological system.

  15. Neural reactivation links unconscious thought to decision-making performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creswell, J. David

    Neural reactivation links unconscious thought to decision-making performance John David Creswell,1 of Psychology, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA Brief periods of unconscious-making performance after the UT period. These results provide initial evidence for post-encoding unconscious neural

  16. City-Level Energy Decision Making. Data Use in Energy Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation in U.S. Cities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aznar, Alexandra; Day, Megan; Doris, Elizabeth; Mathur, Shivani; Donohoo-Vallett, Paul

    2015-07-08

    The Cities-LEAP technical report, City-Level Energy Decision Making: Data Use in Energy Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation in U.S. Cities, explores how a sample of cities incorporates data into making energy-related decisions. This report provides the foundation for forthcoming components of the Cities-LEAP project that will help cities improve energy decision making by mapping specific city energy or climate policies and actions to measurable impacts and results.

  17. Delegation in Tourism Decision Making: Toward an Understanding of the Role of Social Surrogate 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Matthew John

    2014-07-30

    Tourism is often a group-based activity, but tourism decision-making research has primarily focused on individual decision making and who makes decisions in families. However, there are numerous situations in which individuals ...

  18. University Dining Decisions: Do College Students Make Rational Decisions in the Market for Meal Plans 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Struble, Matthew

    2013-02-04

    When students come to college they take on many responsibilities their parents used to cover for them, including making significant purchase decisions. My research examines the dining plan purchases of students at Texas A&M over time to determine...

  19. Risk Analysis and Decision Making FY 2013 Milestone Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.; Dalton, Angela C.; Dale, Crystal; Jones, Edward; Thompson, J.

    2013-06-01

    Risk analysis and decision making is one of the critical objectives of CCSI, which seeks to use information from science-based models with quantified uncertainty to inform decision makers who are making large capital investments. The goal of this task is to develop tools and capabilities to facilitate the development of risk models tailored for carbon capture technologies, quantify the uncertainty of model predictions, and estimate the technical and financial risks associated with the system. This effort aims to reduce costs by identifying smarter demonstrations, which could accelerate development and deployment of the technology by several years.

  20. Decision Making Under Conditions of Uncertainty: Experimental Assessment of Decision Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vedlitz, Arnold; Mintz, Alex; Redd, Steven B.; Liu, Xinsheng; Alston, Letitia T.

    2005-01-01

    for Science, Technology and Public Policy, George Bush School of Government and Public Service Texas A&M University INTRODUCTION Senior Department of Defense leaders make numerous decisions about the appropriate utilization of complex scientific...-0084 Institute for Science, Technology and Public Policy, George Bush School of Government and Public Service Texas A&M University The poliheuristic theory thus embodies fundamental elements of two disciplines concerned with decision making...

  1. A KNOWLEDGE BASE FOR JUSTIFIED INFORMATION SECURITY DECISION-MAKING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    A KNOWLEDGE BASE FOR JUSTIFIED INFORMATION SECURITY DECISION-MAKING Daria Stepanova, Simon E.K. dasha stepanova@list.ru, s.e.parkin@ncl.ac.uk, aad.vanmoorsel@ncl.ac.uk Keywords: Information security Information Security Officer (CISO) within an organisation to ensure that such information is adequately

  2. Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making: An Overview and Future Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    within the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. Work that falls into this area of research and study practicing human factors/ergonomics to exceed the boundaries of specifying the human-machine inter- face and Decision Making, Volume 1, Number 1, Spring 2007, pp. 1­21 ©2007 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. All

  3. Decision making performance in a combined heat and noise environment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Mattison Scott

    1993-01-01

    This thesis was performed in order to determine the ability to make correct decisions when presented with two stressors under four conditions: controlled (70'F and 65 dBA); heat (105'F and 65 dBA); noise (70'F and 83 dBA); ...

  4. Low Stream Flows: Making Decisions in an Uncertain Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Oceans Canada) through CRMI (Cooperative Resource Management Institute), CCIRC (Climate Change Impact for the Degree of Master of Resource Management in the School of Resource and Environmental Management Faculty of Resource Management Report No. 528 Title of Thesis: Low Stream Flows: Making Decisions in an Uncertain

  5. Multi-criteria Decision Making in Embedded System Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zitzler, Eckart

    Multi-criteria Decision Making in Embedded System Design Simon K¨unzli, Lothar Thiele and Eckart. On the other hand, this ap- proach sacrifices almost all other quality criteria of a design. As a consequence Zitzler Abstract This chapter introduces design space exploration as one of the major tasks in embedded

  6. LNG, Public Opinion and Decision-making: Conflict in Oregon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Christopher

    LNG, Public Opinion and Decision-making: Conflict in Oregon Lisa MB Harrington Kansas State University #12;2 LNG · Liquified Natural Gas · Natural gas condensed into a liquid by cooling to about -163º;· LNG is considered cleaner than coal and petroleum- based fuels, but development also poses issues

  7. The Feasibility of Studying Decision Making Using a Virtual World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McShea, Daniel W.

    The Feasibility of Studying Decision Making Using a Virtual World Environment Jerry W. Hedge Brooke/judgmental · Research Test Bed ­ Real World ­ Naturalistic ­ Simulated #12;Border Crossing Checkpoint #12;Current Study and Procedures · Development of Virtual World Environment · Beta Test of VWE and Measurement Technologies #12

  8. Design for manufacturing: application of collaborative multidisciplinary decision making methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seepersad, Carolyn Conner

    EO 1623 Design for manufacturing: application of collaborative multidisciplinary decision making-963-6900/912-966-7910. #12;Abstract Design for manufacturing is often difficult for mechanical parts since significant manufacturing knowledge is required to adjust part designs for manufacturability. The traditional trial

  9. Plant-Wide Waste Management. 2. Decision Making under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linninger, Andreas A.

    Plant-Wide Waste Management. 2. Decision Making under Uncertainty Aninda Chakraborty and Andreas A of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 The synthesis and optimization of plant-wide waste management flowsheet produces a superstructure that embeds all plant-wide waste management policies. In the subsequent

  10. Public Discourse in Energy Policy Decision-Making: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Idaho Citizen; Eileen DeShazo; John Freemuth; Tina Giannini; Troy Hall; Ann Hunter; Jeffrey C. Joe; Michael Louis; Carole Nemnich; Jennie Newman; Steven J. Piet; Stephen Sorensen; Paulina Starkey; Kendelle Vogt; Patrick Wilson

    2010-08-01

    The ground is littered with projects that failed because of strong public opposition, including natural gas and coal power plants proposed in Idaho over the past several years. This joint project , of the Idaho National Laboratory, Boise State University, Idaho State University and University of Idaho has aimed to add to the tool box to reduce project risk through encouraging the public to engage in more critical thought and be more actively involved in public or social issues. Early in a project, project managers and decision-makers can talk with no one, pro and con stakeholder groups, or members of the public. Experience has shown that talking with no one outside of the project incurs high risk because opposition stakeholders have many means to stop most (if not all) energy projects. Talking with organized stakeholder groups provides some risk reduction from mutual learning, but organized groups tend not to change positions except under conditions of a negotiated settlement. Achieving a negotiated settlement may be impossible. Furthermore, opposition often arises outside pre-existing groups. Standard public polling provides some information but does not reveal underlying motivations, intensity of attitudes, etc. Improved methods are needed that probe deeper into stakeholder (organized groups and members of the public) values and beliefs/heuristics to increase the potential for change of opinions and/or out-of-box solutions. The term “heuristics” refers to the mental short-cuts, underlying beliefs, and paradigms that everyone uses to filter and interpret information, to interpret what is around us, and to guide our actions and decisions. This document is the final report of a 3-year effort to test different public discourse methods in the subject area of energy policy decision-making. We analyzed 504 mail-in surveys and 80 participants in groups on the Boise State University campus for their preference, financial support, and evaluations of eight attributes for energy conservation and efficiency, fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydropower, and renewable energy. All participants saw a 7-person diverse energy expert panel. Some participants attended deliberation sessions; some received a 35-page briefing document that included pros and cons of the different energy options.

  11. SupernetworksSupernetworks Decision-Making in the 21Decision-Making in the 21stst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    events; · complex interactions among decision- makers in organizations; · alternative and at times and energy networks. No longer are networks independent of one another but critically linked with major were laid, bridges built, and waterways crossed so that humans, be they on foot, on animal, or vehicle

  12. The impact and dynamics of centralization in supply chain decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohn, Tae-Hee

    2008-01-01

    Companies with a corporate supply chain department and multiple business units use one of two methods for their supply chain decision-making: centralized decision-making where supply chain decisions are made at the corporate ...

  13. Decision making under uncertainty: An investigation into the application of formal decision-making methods to safety issue decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bohn, M P [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1992-12-01

    As part of the NRC-sponsored program to study the implications of Generic Issue 57, Effects of Fire Protection System Actuation on Safety-Related Equipment,'' a subtask was performed to evaluate the applicability of formal decision analysis methods to generic issues cost/benefit-type decisions and to apply these methods to the GI-57 results. In this report, the numerical results obtained from the analysis of three plants (two PWRs and one BWR) as developed in the technical resolution program for GI-57 were studied. For each plant, these results included a calculation of the person-REM averted due to various accident scenarios and various proposed modifications to mitigate the accident scenarios identified. These results were recomputed to break out the benefit in terms of contributions due to random event scenarios, fire event scenarios, and seismic event scenarios. Furthermore, the benefits associated with risk (in terms of person-REM) averted from earthquakes at three different seismic ground motion levels were separately considered. Given this data, formal decision methodologies involving decision trees, value functions, and utility functions were applied to this basic data. It is shown that the formal decision methodology can be applied at several different levels. Examples are given in which the decision between several retrofits is changed from that resulting from a simple cost/benefit-ratio criterion by virtue of the decision-makinger's expressed (and assumed) preferences.

  14. Make-buy decisions in the face of radical innovations.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perrons, Robert Kirby

    2004-10-26

    Connect DEC Digital Equipment Corporation DVD Digital Video Disc EM Expectation Maximization GDP Gross Domestic Product GE General Electric GM General Motors IBM International Business Machines IP Intellectual Property... ______________________________________________________________________________ Make-Buy Decisions in the Face of Radical Innovations 5 Balloon Tire Bicycle,” the “Aero Cycle,” and the built-in “Cycle Lock” brought about a quantum leap in the industry. Instead of outsourcing the production of the parts for his bicycles as had been...

  15. Tool Improves Electricity Demand Predictions to Make More Room...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tool Improves Electricity Demand Predictions to Make More Room for Renewables Tool Improves Electricity Demand Predictions to Make More Room for Renewables October 3, 2011 -...

  16. Microsoft Word - Improved Interfaces and Decision Support_FINAL...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the skill sets and performance of today's system operators. * Customer Decision Making - Demand Response (DR) systems will provide information to customers in easily understood...

  17. Achieving Robustness to Uncertainty for Financial Decision-making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnum, George M.; Van Buren, Kendra L.; Hemez, Francois M.; Song, Peter

    2014-01-10

    This report investigates the concept of robustness analysis to support financial decision-making. Financial models, that forecast future stock returns or market conditions, depend on assumptions that might be unwarranted and variables that might exhibit large fluctuations from their last-known values. The analysis of robustness explores these sources of uncertainty, and recommends model settings such that the forecasts used for decision-making are as insensitive as possible to the uncertainty. A proof-of-concept is presented with the Capital Asset Pricing Model. The robustness of model predictions is assessed using info-gap decision theory. Info-gaps are models of uncertainty that express the “distance,” or gap of information, between what is known and what needs to be known in order to support the decision. The analysis yields a description of worst-case stock returns as a function of increasing gaps in our knowledge. The analyst can then decide on the best course of action by trading-off worst-case performance with “risk”, which is how much uncertainty they think needs to be accommodated in the future. The report also discusses the Graphical User Interface, developed using the MATLAB® programming environment, such that the user can control the analysis through an easy-to-navigate interface. Three directions of future work are identified to enhance the present software. First, the code should be re-written using the Python scientific programming software. This change will achieve greater cross-platform compatibility, better portability, allow for a more professional appearance, and render it independent from a commercial license, which MATLAB® requires. Second, a capability should be developed to allow users to quickly implement and analyze their own models. This will facilitate application of the software to the evaluation of proprietary financial models. The third enhancement proposed is to add the ability to evaluate multiple models simultaneously. When two models reflect past data with similar accuracy, the more robust of the two is preferable for decision-making because its predictions are, by definition, less sensitive to the uncertainty.

  18. The Psychophysiology of Risk Processing and Decision Making at a Regional Stock Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, John C.

    2007-06-12

    A longstanding controversy in philosophy is whether decision-making isgoverned by reason or emotion. I study the role of physiologicalresponses in the decision-making process within the realm of financialmarkets, where ...

  19. The psychophysiology of risk processing and decision making at a regional stock exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, John Christian, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    A longstanding controversy in philosophy is whether decision-making is governed by reason or emotion. I study the role of physiological responses in the decision-making process within the realm of financial markets, where ...

  20. Technology Evaluation and Decision Making for Sustainability Enhancement of Industrial Systems Under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yinlun

    Technology Evaluation and Decision Making for Sustainability Enhancement of Industrial Systems. A case study on sustainable development of biodiesel manufacturing demonstrates methodological efficacy: sustainability enhancement, decision making, uncertainty, interval-parameter-based analysis, technology

  1. Clean Air Act compliance - the decision making challenge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niemczewski, A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)); Walls, D.J. (Arthur D. Little, Inc., Cambridge, MA (United States))

    1994-03-01

    A flexible and robust compliance strategy is the best way to manage the risks of fulfilling the responsibilities of the Clean Air Act. Title IV of the Clean Air Act amendments of 1990 and its introduction of transferable emission allowances (EA) gave electric utility companies the possibility of substantial cost reductions in compliance strategies compared with an emission-standard regulation. However, as with every market mechanism, the EA approach also introduced considerable economic risks into compliance planning. The future price of allowances, the price of fuels, and generating unit availability are only a few examples of the uncertainties contributing to compliance planning risk. In contrast, a non-market based externality regulation would only require decision makers to make a choice between different technologies guaranteeing a minimum required emission reduction. A market-based regulation is much more challenging to decision makers, as it offers the promise of superior economic solutions but also an increased danger of making a mistake. The utility companies which are capable of successfully managing the added compliance market risk will be able to take much bigger advantage of the potential cost reductions.

  2. Cognitive skill training for nuclear power plant operational decision making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mumaw, R.J.; Swatzler, D.; Roth, E.M. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Thomas, W.A. [Quantum Technologies, Inc., Oak Brook, IL (United States)

    1994-06-01

    Training for operator and other technical positions in the commercial nuclear power industry traditionally has focused on mastery of the formal procedures used to control plant systems and processes. However, decisionmaking tasks required of nuclear power plant operators involve cognitive skills (e.g., situation assessment, planning). Cognitive skills are needed in situations where formal procedures may not exist or may not be as prescriptive, as is the case in severe accident management (SAM). The Westinghouse research team investigated the potential cognitive demands of SAM on the control room operators and Technical Support Center staff who would be most involved in the selection and execution of severe accident control actions. A model of decision making, organized around six general cognitive processes, was developed to identify the types of cognitive skills that may be needed for effective performance. Also, twelve SAM scenarios were developed to reveal specific decision-making difficulties. Following the identification of relevant cognitive skills, 19 approaches for training individual and team cognitive skills were identified. A review of these approaches resulted in the identification of general characteristics that are important in effective training of cognitive skills.

  3. New Solutions for Substation Sensing, Signal Processing and Decision Making M. Kezunovic, Fellow IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Solutions for Substation Sensing, Signal Processing and Decision Making M. Kezunovic, Fellow describes a new solution for integrating substation sensing, signal processing and decision making for more multiplexed network, distributed signal processing, and neural network based decision making are discussed

  4. Risk-Quantified Decision-Making at Rocky Flats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myers, Jeffrey C.

    2008-01-15

    Surface soils in the 903 Pad Lip Area of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) were contaminated with {sup 239/240}Pu by site operations. To meet remediation goals, accurate definition of areas where {sup 239/240}Pu activity exceeded the threshold level of 50 pCi/g and those below 50- pCi/g needed definition. In addition, the confidence for remedial decisions needed to be quantified and displayed visually. Remedial objectives needed to achieve a 90 percent certainty that unremediated soils had less than a 10 percent chance of {sup 239/240}Pu activity exceeding 50-pCi/g. Removing areas where the chance of exceedance is greater than 10 percent creates a 90 percent confidence in the remedial effort results. To achieve the stipulated goals, the geostatistical approach of probability kriging (Myers 1997) was implemented. Lessons learnt: Geostatistical techniques provided a risk-quantified approach to remedial decision-making and provided visualizations of the excavation area. Error analysis demonstrated compliance and confirmed that more than sufficient soils were removed. Error analysis also illustrated that any soils above the threshold that were not removed would be of nominal activity. These quantitative approaches were useful from a regulatory, engineering, and stakeholder satisfaction perspective.

  5. Naturalistic Decision Making in Power Grid Operations: Implications for Dispatcher Training and Usability Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin

    2008-11-17

    The focus of the present study is on improved training approaches to accelerate learning and improved methods for analyzing effectiveness of tools within a high-fidelity power grid simulated environment. A theory-based model has been developed to document and understand the mental processes that an expert power system operator uses when making critical decisions. The theoretical foundation for the method is based on the concepts of situation awareness, the methods of cognitive task analysis, and the naturalistic decision making (NDM) approach of Recognition Primed Decision Making. The method has been systematically explored and refined as part of a capability demonstration of a high-fidelity real-time power system simulator under normal and emergency conditions. To examine NDM processes, we analyzed transcripts of operator-to-operator conversations during the simulated scenario to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. The results of the analysis indicate that the proposed framework can be used constructively to map or assess the Situation Awareness Level of the operators at each point in the scenario. We can also identify the mental models and mental simulations that the operators employ at different points in the scenario. This report documents the method, describes elements of the model, and provides appendices that document the simulation scenario and the associated mental models used by operators in the scenario.

  6. MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION MAKING IN DESIGN OF PRINTED WIRE , O. Palusinski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palusinski, Olgierd A.

    MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION MAKING IN DESIGN OF PRINTED WIRE BOARDS by Y. Tokat 1 , O. Palusinski 2 , and F. Szidarovszky 1 Abstract This paper presents an application of multi-criteria decision making in system level design of printed wire boards. The main decision variable is the number of signal layers

  7. Identifying teacher expertise: An examination of researchers' decision-making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2005-01-01

    This dissertation is focused on investigating the integration of inventory and facility location decisions in different supply chain settings. Facility location and inventory decisions are interdependent due to the economies ...

  8. Including model uncertainty in risk-informed decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reinert, Joshua M

    2005-01-01

    Model uncertainties can have a significant impact on decisions regarding licensing basis changes. We present a methodology to identify basic events in the risk assessment that have the potential to change the decision and ...

  9. 16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian C.

    This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

  10. 16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian

    This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

  11. An experimental test of the poliheuristic theory of foreign policy decision making using military leaders 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carnes, Amy Elizabeth

    1995-01-01

    This is a study in foreign policy decision making which assesses the impact of dynamic choice sets (where new alternatives appear during the decision process), on strategy selection and choice in international politics. The hypotheses tested involve...

  12. Modeling and analysis of affective influences on human experience, prediction, decision making, and behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahn, Hyungil, 1976-

    2010-01-01

    Subjective and affective elements are well-known to influence human decision making. This dissertation presents a theoretical and empirical framework on how human decision makers' subjective experience and affective ...

  13. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence 16 (2003) 237250 Hierarchical decision making for proactive quality control: system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yinlun

    2003-01-01

    Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence 16 (2003) 237­250 Hierarchical decision making by resorting to artificial intelligence and engineering fundamentals. The approach is developed for solving control; Intelligent decision support; Artificial intelligence; Fuzzy logic; Automotive coating 1

  14. Climate Change Scenario Planning in Alaska's National Parks: Stakeholder Involvement in the Decision-Making Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernst, Kathleen M; Van Riemsdijk, Dr. Micheline

    2013-01-01

    This article studies the participation of stakeholders in climate change decision-making in Alaska s National Parks. We place stakeholder participation within literatures on environmental and climate change decision-making. We conducted participant observation and interviews in two planning workshops to investigate the decision-making process, and our findings are three-fold. First, the inclusion of diverse stakeholders expanded climate change decision-making beyond National Park Service (NPS) institutional constraints. Second, workshops of the Climate Change Scenario Planning Project (CCSPP) enhanced institutional understandings of participants attitudes towards climate change and climate change decision-making. Third, the geographical context of climate change influences the decision-making process. As the first regional approach to climate change decision-making within the NPS, the CCSPP serves as a model for future climate change planning in public land agencies. This study shows how the participation of stakeholders can contribute to robust decisions, may move climate change decision-making beyond institutional barriers, and can provide information about attitudes towards climate change decision-making.

  15. Augmented cognition tool for rapid military decision making.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, Shawn Ellis; Bernard, Michael Lewis; Verzi, Stephen J.; Dubicka, Irene; Vineyard, Craig Michael

    2011-10-01

    This report describes the laboratory directed research and development work to model relevant areas of the brain that associate multi-modal information for long-term storage for the purpose of creating a more effective, and more automated, association mechanism to support rapid decision making. Using the biology and functionality of the hippocampus as an analogy or inspiration, we have developed an artificial neural network architecture to associate k-tuples (paired associates) of multimodal input records. The architecture is composed of coupled unimodal self-organizing neural modules that learn generalizations of unimodal components of the input record. Cross modal associations, stored as a higher-order tensor, are learned incrementally as these generalizations form. Graph algorithms are then applied to the tensor to extract multi-modal association networks formed during learning. Doing so yields a novel approach to data mining for knowledge discovery. This report describes the neurobiological inspiration, architecture, and operational characteristics of our model, and also provides a real world terrorist network example to illustrate the model's functionality.

  16. User participation in building scale energy decision making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, G.Z.; Kellett, R.; Reynolds, J.S.

    1980-01-01

    The energy related portions of an architectural design process that directly incorporated the needs, values, and aspirations of the people who will construct and use the buildings are described. The project is an example of a viable, comprehensive, energy-responsive publicly formed building. Hundreds of hours of group designing, discussion, and learning afford a unique opportunity to examine the potential of citizen involvement in building scale energy decision making as a means of public education and policy definition. The project was to design the first public buildings (a community center and firehall) for the rural community of Deadwood, Oregon. In addition to designing and constructing the buildings on an extremely limited budget, the community was very interested in providing a significant learning experience for its members. They intended to organize, design and construct these buildings as much on their own and with as much local material and volunteer labor as possible. It was their intention that the project process as well as the completed buildings be an expression of community values, purpose, and vision.

  17. Performance-Based Decision-Making in Post-Earthquake Highway Bridge Repair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordin, Eugene

    2010-01-01

    = AFT = BRDF = Caltrans = CBA = CCRM = CDM = CSMIP = DCC =Choosing by Advantages (CBA) is a decision-making systemimportance of advantages. The CBA system is centered around

  18. Decision making under epistemic uncertainty : an application to seismic design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agarwal, Anna

    2008-01-01

    The problem of accounting for epistemic uncertainty in risk management decisions is conceptually straightforward, but is riddled with practical difficulties. Simple approximations are often used whereby future variations ...

  19. Finding Common Ground: Exploring the Experiences of Client Involvement in Medication Decisions Using a Shared Decision Making Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goscha, Richard J.

    2009-12-01

    medications. Purposeful sampling, with an emphasis on achieving maximum variation, was used to better understand the interactive processes that contribute to as well as hinder client involvement in shared decision making. Multiple interviews with all...

  20. A model of human collective decision-making in complex environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbone, Giuseppe

    2015-01-01

    A continuous-time Markov process is proposed to analyze how a group of humans solves a complex task, consisting in the search of the optimal set of decisions on a fitness landscape. Individuals change their opinions driven by two different forces: (i) the rational behavior which pushes them to change their opinions as to increase their own fitness values, and (ii) the social interactions which push individuals to reduce the diversity of their opinions in order to reach consensus. Results show that the performance of the group is strongly affected by the strength of social interactions and by the level of knowledge of the individuals. Increasing the strength of social interactions improves the performance of the team. However, too strong social interactions slow down the search of the optimal solution and worsen the performance of the group. We prove that a moderate level of knowledge is already enough to guarantee high performance of the group in making decisions.

  1. Climate change scenario planning in Alaska's National Parks: Stakeholder involvement in the decision-making process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernst, Kathleen M; Van Riemsdijk, Dr. Micheline

    2013-01-01

    This article studies the participation of stakeholders in climate change decision-making in Alaska s National Parks. We place stakeholder participation within literatures on environmental and climate change decision-making. We conducted participant observation and interviews in two planning workshops to investigate the decision-making process, and our findings are three-fold. First, the inclusion of diverse stakeholders expanded climate change decision-making beyond National Park Service (NPS) institutional constraints. Second, workshops of the Climate Change Scenario Planning Project (CCSPP) enhanced institutional understandings of participants attitudes towards climate change and climate change decision-making. Third, the geographical context of climate change influences the decisionmaking process. As the first regional approach to climate change decision-making within the NPS, the CCSPP serves as a model for future climate change planning in public land agencies. This study shows how the participation of stakeholders can contribute to robust decisions, may move climate change decision-making beyond institutional barriers, and can provide information about attitudes towards climate change decision-making.

  2. Efficient Sequential Decision-Making Algorithms for Container Inspection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madigan, David

    formulate a port of entry inspection sequencing task as a problem of finding an optimal binary decision tree for an appropriate Boolean decision function. We report on new algorithms for finding such optimal trees the method. Finding algorithms for sequential diagnosis that minimize the total "cost" of the inspection

  3. A Cumulative Energy Demand indicator (CED), life cycle based, for industrial waste management decision making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Puig, Rita, E-mail: rita.puig@eei.upc.edu [Escola d’Enginyeria d’Igualada (EEI), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), Plaça del Rei, 15, 08700 Igualada (Spain); Fullana-i-Palmer, Pere [UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change, Escola Superior de Comerç Internacional, Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), c/Passeig Pujades, 1, 08003 Barcelona (Spain); Baquero, Grau; Riba, Jordi-Roger [Escola d’Enginyeria d’Igualada (EEI), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), Plaça del Rei, 15, 08700 Igualada (Spain); Bala, Alba [UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change, Escola Superior de Comerç Internacional, Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), c/Passeig Pujades, 1, 08003 Barcelona (Spain)

    2013-12-15

    Highlights: • We developed a methodology useful to environmentally compare industrial waste management options. • The methodology uses a Net Energy Demand indicator which is life cycle based. • The method was simplified to be widely used, thus avoiding cost driven decisions. • This methodology is useful for governments to promote the best environmental options. • This methodology can be widely used by other countries or regions around the world. - Abstract: Life cycle thinking is a good approach to be used for environmental decision-support, although the complexity of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies sometimes prevents their wide use. The purpose of this paper is to show how LCA methodology can be simplified to be more useful for certain applications. In order to improve waste management in Catalonia (Spain), a Cumulative Energy Demand indicator (LCA-based) has been used to obtain four mathematical models to help the government in the decision of preventing or allowing a specific waste from going out of the borders. The conceptual equations and all the subsequent developments and assumptions made to obtain the simplified models are presented. One of the four models is discussed in detail, presenting the final simplified equation to be subsequently used by the government in decision making. The resulting model has been found to be scientifically robust, simple to implement and, above all, fulfilling its purpose: the limitation of waste transport out of Catalonia unless the waste recovery operations are significantly better and justify this transport.

  4. Community participation and environmental decision-making in the Niger Delta

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adomokai, Rosemary; Sheate, William R

    2004-07-01

    The participation of communities in the process of environmental decision-making in Nigeria and the Niger Delta region in particular is a relatively new process. There are many practical problems ranging from financial support, methods used and the willingness of identified stakeholders to participate. This paper seeks to highlight recent developments in community participation and environmental decision-making in the Niger Delta, using the EIA Decree of 1992 as a reference point. The EIA Decree of 1992 is the only legislation that refers to participation of the communities when environmental decisions are being made. The study reported here aimed to examine differences and similarities between the identified stakeholders interviewed in the research, in order to highlight areas of improvement that will encourage positive changes to the process and foster better relations between the stakeholders. The paper provides a brief background to community participation in the Niger Delta region and reports on the research approach adopted. Interviews with stakeholders in the EIA process were undertaken to provide a better understanding of public participation in practice under the EIA Decree. While participation was found to be now firmly on the agenda, there is still much to do to engender greater awareness of EIA and the potential benefits participation can hold.

  5. DAM SAFETY DECISION-MAKING: COMBINING ENGINEERING ASSESSMENTS WITH RISK INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowles, David S.

    DAM SAFETY DECISION-MAKING: COMBINING ENGINEERING ASSESSMENTS WITH RISK INFORMATION David S. Bowles breaching a dam; so drop the matter before a dispute breaks out. Proverbs 17:14 (NIV) ABSTRACT A decision assessments and risk assessments. The approach can be adapted to any dam owner's unique decision context

  6. Integrating human and robot decision-making dynamics with feedback: Models and convergence analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Naomi

    , a well-studied decision-making task in behavioral experiments. The human subject chooses between two structures, the behavioral experiments show convergence to suboptimal choices. We propose a human- supervised and the kinds of decisions humans make in psychology experiments. We consider a class of sequential binary

  7. Influence Diagrams as Decision-Making Tools for Pesticide Risk Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Michael C.

    Influence Diagrams as Decision-Making Tools for Pesticide Risk Management John F Carriger-based decisions about pesticide usage. Aside from technical data, pesticide risk management relies on diverse information on spraying efficacy and valuation of outcomes that would be necessary for making risk management

  8. The influence of predicted arm biomechanics on decision making Ignasi Cos, Nicolas Blanger, and Paul Cisek

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gribble, Paul

    The influence of predicted arm biomechanics on decision making Ignasi Cos, Nicolas Bélanger arm biomechanics on decision making. J Neurophysiol 105: 3022­3033, 2011. First published March 30, 2011; doi:10.1152/jn.00975.2010.-- There is considerable debate on the extent to which biomechanical

  9. Environmental laws regulating chemicals: Uses of information in decision making under environmental statutes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaba, J.M.

    1990-12-31

    Three areas are addressed in this paper: generic issues that arise simply in the process of decision-making under environmental statutes; different decision-making standards under various environmental statutes; and efforts to legislate a {open_quotes}safe{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}acceptable{close_quotes} risk from exposure to carcinogenic chemicals.

  10. Economics and Decision-Making for Climate Change and Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmittner, Andreas

    summer on record ·Polar bears could disappear within a century ·Global warming, economic decisions are driving phenomena such as global warming and biodiversity is a global externality ­ very difficult to tackle from an economic point of view

  11. Decision-making processes in shipping acquisitions and shipbuilding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroulis, Vasileios

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to expand and analyze the decisions that are constantly being made by shipping companies concerning acquisition of newbuildings, the construction of newbuildings, operational aspects as well ...

  12. Two Axiomatic Approaches to Decision Making Using Possibility Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2005-04-16

    } min(? i ,? i (x)). (1) See [3]for more details. To the decision maker, the value of decision d is the same as the value of the induced lottery ? d . And thanks to the mixture construct, the set ? X is rich enough to encode not only a simple lottery... mapping from uncertainty scale V onto util- ity scale U such that h(1) = 1 and h(0) = 0. A pessimistic qualitative utility function QU ? :? X ?U is de?ned as follows: QU ? (?) def =min x?X max(nh(?(x)),u(x)) (5) where nh def = n?h is composition of n and h...

  13. Robust Decision Making using a Risk-Averse Utility Set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-03-17

    Mar 17, 2012 ... economics, energy, finance, health care, management, marketing, etc. ... functions preserves a decision maker's primary preference (see e.g., M?ller and .... supply-demand case, the utility function constructed by the market demand ? is ...... Based on the set S of signed measures on ? of finite total mass, we.

  14. Financial evaluation and decision making processes for environmental technology projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dreher, Jonathan J. (Jonathan Jacob)

    2010-01-01

    The convergence of the information age with an improved understanding of the effects humans have on the environment provides exciting new opportunities to improve our impact on the world. Though modem companies collect and ...

  15. Impacts of Personality on Herding in Financial Decision-Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baddeley, Michelle; Burke, C.; Schultz, Wolfram; Tobler, T.

    Bayesian principles of statistical inference. This paper outlines the results from a herding task designed to extend these analyses. Empirically, we estimate logistic functions using panel fixed effect estimation techniques to quantify the impact of herd... inference in practice (Salop 1987; Tversky and Kahneman 1974; Baddeley et al. 2005). For example, cognitive biases may limit rational behaviour in ?reverse cascades‘ –when incorrect decisions lead to information cascades down the wrong path (Sgroi 2003...

  16. Scott Nicholson -The Bibliomining Process: Data Warehousing and Data Mining for Library Decision-Making Nicholson, S. (2003) The Bibliomining Process: Data Warehousing and Data Mining for Library Decision-Making.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Scott

    2003-01-01

    for Library Decision-Making Scott Nicholson, Ph.D., MLIS, Syracuse University School of Information Studies, 4

  17. Developing shape analysis tools to assist complex spatial decision making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mackey, H.E.; Ehler, G.B.; Cowen, D.

    1996-05-31

    The objective of this research was to develop and implement a shape identification measure within a geographic information system, specifically one that incorporates analytical modeling for site location planning. The application that was developed incorporated a location model within a raster-based GIS, which helped address critical performance issues for the decision support system. Binary matrices, which approximate the object`s geometrical form, are passed over the grided data structure and allow identification of irregular and regularly shaped objects. Lastly, the issue of shape rotation is addressed and is resolved by constructing unique matrices corresponding to the object`s orientation

  18. Multi-objective constrained optimization for decision making and optimization for system architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Maokai

    2010-01-01

    This thesis proposes new methods to solve three problems: 1) how to model and solve decision-making problems, 2) how to translate between a graphical representation of systems and a matrix representation of systems, and ...

  19. Asian real estate investment : data utilization for the decision making process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huh, Keun, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    Many investors in developed countries believe the Asian emerging market to be highly risky due to numerous uncertainties including limited market information to make sound investment decisions. However, still successful ...

  20. InterTwinkles : online tools for non-hierarchical, consensus-oriented decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeTar, Charles (Charles Frederick)

    2013-01-01

    Non-hierarchical, participatory, consensus-based decision making has seen an explosion in popularity in recent years. The traditional techniques of formal consensus, however, are limited to face-to-face meetings, which can ...

  1. Commissioning Aid and Decision Making Assistance Tool 'Implementation & Assessment' - Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belkadi-Hannachi, N.; Jandon, M.; Nejad, H. V.; Guena, F.; Diab, Y.

    2006-01-01

    The precedent paper, published in ICEBO 2005 presented the approach and methodology for information flow management in the commissioning of low energy buildings. Within this methodology, commissioning and decision making are included in the low...

  2. A Mobile Robot Testbed for Prognostics-Enabled Autonomous Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daigle, Matthew

    A Mobile Robot Testbed for Prognostics-Enabled Autonomous Decision Making Edward Balaban1 , Sriram sriram.narasimhan-1@nasa.gov matthew.j.daigle@nasa.gov 4, 5 SGT Inc., NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett

  3. Spirituality and Race in Career Decision Making: Perspectives of Blacks Who Recently Graduated from Undergraduate Programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner-Driver, Tonya

    2014-06-30

    The purpose of this study was to examine how racial and spiritual identities influenced career decision making among a select group of Blacks who recently graduated from undergraduate programs at a Predominately White ...

  4. Decision making based on optical excitation transfer via near-field interactions between quantum dots

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naruse, Makoto, E-mail: naruse@nict.go.jp [Photonic Network Research Institute, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 4-2-1 Nukui-kita, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8795 (Japan); Nomura, Wataru; Ohtsu, Motoichi [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Aono, Masashi [Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguru-ku, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan); PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi-shi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Sonnefraud, Yannick; Drezet, Aurélien; Huant, Serge [Université Grenoble Alpes, Inst. NEEL, F-38000 Grenoble (France); CNRS, Inst. NEEL, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Kim, Song-Ju [WPI Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)

    2014-10-21

    Optical near-field interactions between nanostructured matters, such as quantum dots, result in unidirectional optical excitation transfer when energy dissipation is induced. This results in versatile spatiotemporal dynamics of the optical excitation, which can be controlled by engineering the dissipation processes and exploited to realize intelligent capabilities such as solution searching and decision making. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the ability to solve a decision making problem on the basis of optical excitation transfer via near-field interactions by using colloidal quantum dots of different sizes, formed on a geometry-controlled substrate. We characterize the energy transfer behavior due to multiple control light patterns and experimentally demonstrate the ability to solve the multi-armed bandit problem. Our work makes a decisive step towards the practical design of nanophotonic systems capable of efficient decision making, one of the most important intellectual attributes of the human brain.

  5. Voluntary Participation in Organizational Decision-Making: A Model and an Experimental Test 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, Anne; Camilleri, Santo F

    2015-08-11

    -Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 by Anne McMahon Stanford University and Santo F. Camilleri Michigan State University VOLUNTARY PARTICIPATION IN ORGANIZATIONAL DECISION-MAKING: A MODEL AND AN EXPERIMENTAL TEST* Technical Report No. 44 1972...

  6. A Decision-Making Model for the Asian Intelligent Building Index 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, J.; Chen, Z.; Li, H.; Xu, Q.

    2006-01-01

    The paper presents a multi-criteria decision-making model to evaluate the sustainable performances of intelligent buildings based on the Asian IB index, which is recommended by the Asian Institute of Intelligent Buildings. To undertake this task...

  7. Investigating the Relationship between the Perceptions of Principals and Teachers on Site-Based Decision Making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, Sandra Deshon

    2013-12-06

    The purpose of this record of study was to investigate the nature of relationships between the perceptions of principals and teachers on site-based decision making (SBDM) and to uncover patterns existing in relationships between and among state...

  8. Modeling and analysis of dynamic decision making in sequential two-choice tasks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is calculated, and thus needs to explore through a series of A and B using rewards as feedback. In this type is related to human factors such as personality. Human decision making in sequential two-choice tasks has

  9. Environmental Assessment of Pavement Alternatives: Decision-Making in Light of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Susan L.

    Environmental Assessment of Pavement Alternatives: Decision-Making in Light of Current Knowledge areas) · All have same issues regarding materials, design, management, environmental impact · Focus maintenance and rehabilitation · 90 % of work is maintenance, preservation, rehabilitation, recycling

  10. The Roles of Nicotinic and Muscarinic Cholinergic Receptors in Risky and Impulsive Decision Making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendez, Ian Alfredo

    2012-02-14

    -1 THE ROLES OF NICOTINIC AND MUSCARINIC CHOLINERGIC RECEPTORS IN RISKY AND IMPULSIVE DECISION MAKING A Dissertation by IAN ALFREDO MENDEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2010 Major Subject: Psychology The Roles of Nicotinic and Muscarinic Cholinergic Receptors in Risky and Impulsive Decision Making Copyright...

  11. Designating marine protected areas in the United States and Ecuador: understanding the decision-making process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kendrick, Amrit Work

    1991-01-01

    DESIGNATING MARINE PROTECTED AREAS IN THE UNITED STATES AND ECUADOR: UNDERSTANDING THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS A Thesis by AMRIT WORK KENDRICK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A 8 M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences DESIGNATING MARINE PROTECTED AREAS IN THE UNITED STATES AND ECUADOR: UNDERSTANDING THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS A Thesis by AMRIT WORK KENDRICK A...

  12. Decision-making models for reproducing intelligence in transportation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    January 01, 2013 It could be the start of a good riddle: How many syn-apses of the brain does it take to figure out how to improve fuel efficiency? If you're Andreas...

  13. Robust Decision-making Applied to Model Selection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemez, Francois M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-06

    The scientific and engineering communities are relying more and more on numerical models to simulate ever-increasingly complex phenomena. Selecting a model, from among a family of models that meets the simulation requirements, presents a challenge to modern-day analysts. To address this concern, a framework is adopted anchored in info-gap decision theory. The framework proposes to select models by examining the trade-offs between prediction accuracy and sensitivity to epistemic uncertainty. The framework is demonstrated on two structural engineering applications by asking the following question: Which model, of several numerical models, approximates the behavior of a structure when parameters that define each of those models are unknown? One observation is that models that are nominally more accurate are not necessarily more robust, and their accuracy can deteriorate greatly depending upon the assumptions made. It is posited that, as reliance on numerical models increases, establishing robustness will become as important as demonstrating accuracy.

  14. Decision making in a non-profit engineering environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christensen, D.C.

    1997-06-01

    A conceptual management framework is developed and applied in a science and engineering organization located within a non-profit, public institution. The goal of this research is to select a set of projects whose combined contributions to the organization`s strategic interests satisfy sponsor desires and can be completed within existing time and resource constraints. The development of the rationale for project selection and implementation within the plutonium facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory is studied. This includes the integration of prioritization decision tools, optimization techniques, and advanced planning and scheduling tools. The Nuclear Materials Technology Division is the custodian of the plutonium facility, whose mission is to develop, demonstrate, and deploy technologies necessary to address the nation`s and world`s plutonium problems. This includes management of nuclear weapon stockpile components, stabilization of plutonium residues, clean-up of contaminated soils and facilities, support to non-proliferation and arms control initiatives, and the eventual disposition of surplus plutonium. In this study, projects are evaluated against selection criteria deemed to be of critical program importance. The Analytic Hierarchy Process is used to evaluate and rank the importance of the suite of candidate projects. Because individual projects may be of interest to a number of business sectors and sponsors, the approach must be capable of using funding sources in an integrated manner in order to meet overall facility and program strategies. Finally, project planning and scheduling tools are integrated into the decision network in order to ensure that appropriate resource leveling occurs and that the actual project selection takes into account the temporal relationships among available resources.

  15. Research Focus A general mechanism for decision-making in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newsome, William

    Research Focus A general mechanism for decision-making in the human brain? Alan E. Rorie by flipping coins, rolling dice or drawing straws. Ideally, jurors attend carefully and equally to all sources-making in human subjects. Functional MRI data obtained while subjects categorized visual images suggest

  16. Does It Make Sense To Modify Tropical Cyclones? A Decision-Analytic Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klima, Kelly

    Recent dramatic increases in damages caused by tropical cyclones (TCs) and improved understanding of TC physics have led DHS to fund research on intentional hurricane modification. We present a decision analytic assessment ...

  17. DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8, 2015 GATEWAY Takes on Another

  18. Shared Decision Making in Early Childhood Research: A Foundation for Successful Community-University Partnerships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lamb-Parker, Faith; Greenfield, Daryl B.; Fantuzzo, John W.; Clark, Cheryl; Coolahan, Kathleen Coyle

    2002-01-01

    -university partnerships. Dia- logue from the Field, 5(2 & 3), 356-377. Turnbull, A.P., Summers, J.A., Santelli, B., & Markey, U. (2002). Commentary on shared decision making. Dialogue from the Field, 5(2 & 3), 377-378. The study by Lamb-Parker and associates provides... of their partnerships, the re- searchers received responses from 58 of 75 Head-Start funded research projects requiring university-Head Start partnerships. They found significant differences be- tween programs with high levels of shared decision making and those...

  19. ORIGINAL PAPER Practice Makes Improvement: How Adults with Autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    ORIGINAL PAPER Practice Makes Improvement: How Adults with Autism Out-Perform Others Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013 Abstract People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often of adult individuals with ASD. Keywords Autism Á Visual search Á Luggage screening Introduction Autism

  20. Gains and losses in the eyes of the beholder: a comparative study of foreign policy decision making under risk 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yi

    2006-04-12

    Prospect theory is a descriptive model of individual decision-making under risk (Kahneman and Tversky 1979). The central tenet of prospect theory posits that the risk orientation of decision-makers is affected by the gains vs. losses domains...

  1. Improving Risk Assessment to Support State Energy Infrastructure...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Improving Risk Assessment to Support State Energy Infrastructure Decision Making Improving Risk Assessment to Support State Energy Infrastructure Decision Making May 22, 2015 -...

  2. Policy Gradient Planning for Environmental Decision Making with Existing Mark Crowley and David Poole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poole, David

    Policy Gradient Planning for Environmental Decision Making with Existing Simulators Mark Crowley policies for sustainable harvest planning of a forest. Introduction In many environmental and natural and David Poole University of British Columbia crowley@cs.ubc.ca poole@cs.ubc.ca Abstract In environmental

  3. Decision-making in structure solution using Bayesian estimates of map quality: the PHENIX autosol wizard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Adams, Paul D [LBNL; Read, Randy J [UNIV OF CAMBRIDGE; Mccoy, Airlie J [UNIV OF CAMBRIDGE

    2008-01-01

    Ten measures of experimental electron-density-map quality are examined and the skewness of electron density is found to be the best indicator of actual map quality. A Bayesian approach to estimating map quality is developed and used in the PHENIX AutoSol wizard to make decisions during automated structure solution.

  4. As sustainability becomes integrated into public policy decision making,comprehensive and easily accessible sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    As sustainability becomes integrated into public policy decision making,comprehensive and easily accessible sustainability information will be needed to assist policy analysis.As visual analytics emerges as a major tool of policy analysis,sustainability information,particularly sustainability indicators

  5. Decision Making of Mobile Robot in the Presence of Risk on Its Surroundings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huh, Sung

    2012-02-14

    Mobile robots are used on many areas and its demand on extreme terrain, hazardous area, or life-threatening place is increasing to reduce the loss of life. A good decision making capability is essential for successful navigation of autonomous robot...

  6. TransDec: A Data-Driven Framework for Decision-Making in Transportation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    Transportation Systems). The RIITS dataset is collected by various organizations based in Los Angeles County1 TransDec: A Data-Driven Framework for Decision-Making in Transportation Systems Ugur Demiryurek Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 [demiryur, banaeika, shahabi]@usc.edu ABSTRACT In this paper, we present

  7. Distributed Smart-home Decision-making in a Hierarchical Interactive Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayaweera, Sudharman K.

    1 Distributed Smart-home Decision-making in a Hierarchical Interactive Smart Grid Architecture Ding develop a comprehensive real-time interactive framework for the Utility and customers in a smart grid complicated smart grid architectures beyond the assumed abstract model. Index Terms--Bayesian Nash equilibria

  8. MEASURING READINESS FOR CAREER-DECISION MAKING WITH THE CAREER THOUGHTS INVENTORY IN FINLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    1 MEASURING READINESS FOR CAREER-DECISION MAKING WITH THE CAREER THOUGHTS INVENTORY IN FINLAND University of Applied Sciences, Jyväskylä, Finland. James Sampson, Ph.D., is Associate Dean, College of Educational Research Methodology, the Institute for Educational Research, University of Jyväskylä, Finland

  9. Much Needed Structure [Structured Decision-Making with DMRCS. Define-Measure-Reduce-Combine-Select

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Anderson-Cook, Christine M.; Lu, Lu

    2015-10-01

    We have described a new DMRCS process for structured decision making, which mirrors the approach of the DMAIC process which has become so popular within Lean Six Sigma. By dividing a complex often unstructured process into distinct steps, we hope to have made the task of balancing multiple competing objectives less daunting.

  10. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Sustainability based decision making framework for bio-refining processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    are forcing industries to investigate the sustainable environmental performance of their processesThesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Sustainability based decision making framework for bio: Diverse policies such as REACH regulation, VOC directives, AIChE sustainability metrics and indicators

  11. Incorporating Uncertainty in Watershed Management Decision-Making: A Mercury TMDL Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Incorporating Uncertainty in Watershed Management Decision-Making: A Mercury TMDL Case Study-4020, Stanford, CA 94305-4020; email: labiosa@stanford.edu 2 Department of Management Science. Several mercury Total Maximum Daily Load regulations are currently being developed to address this problem

  12. Trustworthy Decision Making via Commitments Anup K. Kalia, Zhe Zhang, and Munindar P. Singh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trustworthy Decision Making via Commitments Anup K. Kalia, Zhe Zhang, and Munindar P. Singh North Carolina State University {akkalia, zzhang13}@ncsu.edu, m.singh@ieee.org Abstract. Existing approaches and determine trust values between agents based on the progression of these relationships. Singh [16

  13. Nottingham Prognostic Index Plus (NPI+): a modern clinical decision making tool in breast cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    1 Nottingham Prognostic Index Plus (NPI+): a modern clinical decision making tool in breast cancer , IO Ellis*1,4 1 Breast Cancer Pathology Research Group, Division of Oncology, School of Medicine and 2: Nottingham Prognostic Index Plus #12;2 Abstract Current management of breast cancer (BC) relies on risk

  14. 402 Int. J. Management and Decision Making, Vol. 10, Nos. 5/6, 2009 Copyright 2009 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas Barranquero, Jorge

    and Decision Making, Vol. 10, Nos. 5/6, pp.402­428. Biographical notes: Jorge Casillas received the MSc and Ph

  15. Avoiding the Great Data-Wipe of Ought-Three: Maintaining an Institutional Record for Library Decision-Making Please cite as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Scott

    for Library Decision-Making in Threatening Times By Dr. Scott Nicholson, MLIS; Assistant Professor, Syracuse

  16. Reducing Subjectivity in Geothermal Exploration Decision Making (Presentation); NREL(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akar, S.; Young, K.

    2015-01-01

    Geothermal exploration projects have a significant amount of risk associated with uncertainties encountered in the discovery of the geothermal resource. Two of the largest challenges for increased geothermal deployment are 1) understanding when and how to proceed in an exploration program, and 2) when to walk away from a site. Current methodologies for exploration decision-making are formulatedby subjective expert opinion which can be incorrectly biased by expertise (e.g. geochemistry, geophysics), geographic location of focus, and the assumed conceptual model. The aim of this project is to develop a methodology for more objective geothermal exploration decision making at a given location, including go/no-go decision points to help developers and investors decide when to give up on alocation. In this scope, two different approaches are investigated: 1) value of information analysis (VOIA) which is used for evaluating and quantifying the value of a data before they are purchased, and 2) enthalpy-based exploration targeting based on reservoir size, temperature gradient estimates, and internal rate of return (IRR). The first approach, VOIA, aims to identify the value of aparticular data when making decisions with an uncertain outcome. This approach targets the pre-drilling phase of exploration. These estimated VOIs are highly affected by the size of the project and still have a high degree of subjectivity in assignment of probabilities. The second approach, exploration targeting, is focused on decision making during the drilling phase. It starts with a basicgeothermal project definition that includes target and minimum required production capacity and initial budgeting for exploration phases. Then, it uses average temperature gradient, reservoir temperature estimates, and production capacity to define targets and go/no-go limits. The decision analysis in this approach is based on achieving a minimum IRR at each phase of the project. This secondapproach was determined to be less subjective, since numerical inputs come from the collected data. And it helps to facilitate communication between project managers and exploration geologists in making objective go/no-go decisions throughout the different project phases.

  17. Unified Data Access/query over Integrated Data-views for Decision Making in Geographic Information Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    disaster planning, crisis management and early-warning systems. Decision making in Geographic Information in Astronomy and Geographic Information Systems, respectively. We are now at the point that we can put management and early-warning systems. Decision making in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) increasingly

  18. Knowledge-to-Action Guides: Preparing Families to Be Partners in Making Educational Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turnbull, Ann P.; Zuna, Nina; Hong, Joo Young; Hu, Xiaoyi; Kyzar, Kathleen; Obremski, Shea; Summers, Jean Ann; Turnbull, H. Rutherford; Stowe, Matthew J.

    2010-01-01

    parents become experts in special education, and help make good decisions about their children's education programs? Knowledge to action (KTA) guides are one resource, providing families access to top tier knowledge on evidence- based practice... Coordination Providing Emotional Snppoil to Families Through Parent to Parent Programs Video in English and Spajiish Parent quotes/action steps from Community of Practice 4 family stories 4 stale education department family- friendly guides 3 family stories...

  19. Managing the global commons decision making and conflict resolution in response to climate change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, S. ); Naegeli, W.; Lund, P. )

    1990-07-01

    A workshop was convened to develop a better understanding of decision-making matters concerning management of the global commons and to resolve conflicts in response to climate change. This workshop report does not provide a narrative of the proceedings. The workshop program is included, as are the abstracts of the papers that were presented. Only the introductory paper on social science research by William Riebsame and the closing summary by Richard Rockwell are reprinted here. This brief report focuses instead on the deliberations of the working groups that developed during the workshop. 4 figs., 1 tab.

  20. Decision-Making for High Renewable Electricity Futures in the United States

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This short Report Review highlights aspects of policy, regulation, finance, markets and operations that can help enable high penetration renewable energy electricity generation futures. It uses analytical results from the NREL Renewable Electricity Futures (REF) Study as a basis for discussion. As technical issues have been shown not to be key impediments for this pathway at the hourly level for the bulk system, we focus on other aspects of public and private decision-making. We conclude by describing how the REF might inform future research and development by the scientific community.

  1. Scanner Data in Managerial Decision-Making: A Case Study for Supermarkets. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capps, Oral Jr.; Thomas, Jeffrey M.; Long, Don L.

    1988-01-01

    . Hypotheses It appears that changes in scanning systems have been so rapid and varied that techniques for effectively incorporating the technology into managerial decision making systems are lacking. Even after more than a dec ade, food retailers... Percent Of Year Scanning A Year Ago Per Month Total Sales 1979 1387 159 71 6 1980 2931 111 129 14 1981 4568 56 137 21 1982 6486 42 159 28 1983 8150 26 139 35 1984 9930 22 148 40 Future Projected Growth 1985 11550 16 135 45 1 986 12990 1 2 120 50...

  2. Use of Science in Gulf of Mexico Decision Making Involving Climate Change 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vedlitz, Arnold; Alston, Letitia T.; Laska, Shirley B.; Gramling, Robert B.; Harwell, Mark A.; Worthen, Helen D.

    2007-01-01

    Decision Making Involving Climate Change EPA COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT: R?83023601?0 September 2002 ? December 2007 Dr. ArnolD VeDlitz, Director & BoB Bullock chAir in GoVernment AnD PuBlic Policy institute for science, technoloGy AnD PuBlic Policy... Policy ? The Bush School ? Texas A&M University i Acknowledgements Research Support This material is based upon research supported by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's National Center for Environmental Assessment/Global Change Research...

  3. Measuring the Efficacy of Leaders to Assess Information and Make Decisions in a Crisis: The C-LEAD Scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittinsky, Todd L.

    2009-07-01

    Based on literature and expert interviews, we developed the Crisis Leader Efficacy in Assessing and Deciding scale (C-LEAD) to capture the efficacy of leaders to assess information and make decisions in a public health and ...

  4. What Impacts Decision-Making in the Iowa Gambling Task? A Study into Depressive Symptoms, Personality, Affect and Motivation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varney, Fiona

    2013-07-02

    that are associated with depressive symptoms such as affect and personality have not necessarily been shown to advantageously impact decision-making on the Iowa Gambling Task, which seems rather inconsistent. Furthermore, task motivation, which would be presumed...

  5. Cross-cultural effects of casualties on foreign policy decision making: South Korea and the United States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Nam Tae

    2009-06-02

    It is well accepted that casualties incurred as a result of interstate militarized disputes have a significant influence on domestic public opinion and ultimately on foreign policy decision making (FPDM). Although scholars ...

  6. Corporate social responsibility and its impact on the corporate decision-making process for university undergraduate research fellows 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bain, Joseph E

    2013-02-22

    This study seeks to answer the question, "How does corporate social responsibility (CSR) influence corporate decision making?" It does so in two steps. The first step is the building of a theoretical framework in order ...

  7. Factors which affect programming decision-making of public information radio tape service by Spanish-language broadcasters in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pina, Manuel

    1974-01-01

    FACTORS WHICH AFFECT PROGRAMMING DECISION-MAKING OF PUBLIC INFORMATION RADIO TAPE SERVICE BY SPANISH-LANGUAGE BROADCASTERS IN TEXAS A Thesis by MANUEL Pl NA, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1974 Major Subject: Educational Administration (public Relations) FACTORS WHICH AFFECT PROGRAMMING DECISION-MAKING OF PUBLIC INFORMATION RADIO TAPE SERVICE BY SPANISH...

  8. Applications of neural networks to monitoring and decision making in the operation of nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uhrig, R.E. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States) Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

    1990-01-01

    Application of neural networks to monitoring and decision making in the operation of nuclear power plants is being investigated under a US Department of Energy sponsored program at the University of Tennessee. Projects include the feasibility of using neural networks for the following tasks: (1) diagnosing specific abnormal conditions or problems in nuclear power plants, (2) detection of the change of mode of operation of the plant, (3) validating signals coming from detectors, (4) review of noise'' data from TVA's Sequoyah Nuclear Power Plant, and (5) examination of the NRC's database of Letter Event Reports'' for correlation of sequences of events in the reported incidents. Each of these projects and its status are described briefly in this paper. This broad based program has as its objective the definition of the state-of-the-art in using neural networks to enhance the performance of commercial nuclear power plants.

  9. Reverse supply chain forecasting and decision modeling for improved inventory management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petersen, Brian J. (Brian Jude)

    2013-01-01

    This thesis details research performed during a six-month engagement with Verizon Wireless (VzW) in the latter half of 2012. The key outcomes are a forecasting model and decision-support framework to improve management of ...

  10. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Danuso, Francesco [University of Udine, Italy

    2010-01-08

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed.  SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jørgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower  management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  11. Does Private Selection Improve the Accuracy of Arbitrators' Decisions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klement, Alon; Neeman, Zvika

    2009-01-01

    would distort less. Does there exist an equilibrium in whichDoes Private Selection Improve the Accuracy of Arbitrators’problem of biased selection does not address the strategic

  12. System and method for integrating hazard-based decision making tools and processes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hodgin, C. Reed (Westminster, CO)

    2012-03-20

    A system and method for inputting, analyzing, and disseminating information necessary for identified decision-makers to respond to emergency situations. This system and method provides consistency and integration among multiple groups, and may be used for both initial consequence-based decisions and follow-on consequence-based decisions. The system and method in a preferred embodiment also provides tools for accessing and manipulating information that are appropriate for each decision-maker, in order to achieve more reasoned and timely consequence-based decisions. The invention includes processes for designing and implementing a system or method for responding to emergency situations.

  13. Argument structure hierarchy system and method for facilitating analysis and decision-making processes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Janssen, Terry (9840 Faust Dr., Vienna, VA 22182)

    2000-01-01

    A system and method for facilitating decision-making comprising a computer program causing linkage of data representing a plurality of argument structure units into a hierarchical argument structure. Each argument structure unit comprises data corresponding to a hypothesis and its corresponding counter-hypothesis, data corresponding to grounds that provide a basis for inference of the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis, data corresponding to a warrant linking the grounds to the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis, and data corresponding to backing that certifies the warrant. The hierarchical argument structure comprises a top level argument structure unit and a plurality of subordinate level argument structure units. Each of the plurality of subordinate argument structure units comprises at least a portion of the grounds of the argument structure unit to which it is subordinate. Program code located on each of a plurality of remote computers accepts input from one of a plurality of contributors. Each input comprises data corresponding to an argument structure unit in the hierarchical argument structure and supports the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis. A second programming code is adapted to combine the inputs into a single hierarchical argument structure. A third computer program code is responsive to the second computer program code and is adapted to represent a degree of support for the hypothesis and its corresponding counter-hypothesis in the single hierarchical argument structure.

  14. Improving GPU Robustness by Making Use of Faulty Parts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahran, Mohamed M.

    of these SMs to improve system throughput by generating and supplying high- level hints to other functional SMs in a 16% performance loss for an 8-SM GPU. A. GPU Architecture NVIDIA's Tesla architecture revolves around performance of the GPU. A typical NVIDIA Tesla GPU consists of several streaming- multiprocessors (SMs). Each

  15. Visual Analysis as a Design and Decision-Making Tool in the Development of a Quarry1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visual Analysis as a Design and Decision-Making Tool in the Development of a Quarry1 Randall Boyd mining area from the adjacent community required a visual im- pact analysis in the planning and design of the project. The Visual Analysis defined design criteria for the min- ing and reclamation plans to minimize

  16. Approved Module Information for BF2210, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Making Managerial Decisions Module Code: BF2210

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for BF2210, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Making Managerial Decisions Module Code: BF2210 School: Aston Business School Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module Credits: 20 Module Management Information Module Leader Name Florian Gebreiter Email Address gebreif1

  17. Innovative decision-making methods for the preliminary design and operations of air-cushion and other marine vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gougoulidis, Georgios

    2011-01-01

    Ship design is a large-scale, multi-level, complex problem that requires decision-making at every stage of the design process. As such, it requires a great deal of time and resources. The evolution of the process of ship ...

  18. Utilization of Science-Based Information on Climate Change in Decision Making and the Public Policy Process - Phase 1 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vedlitz, Arnold; Alston, Letitia T.; Wood, B. Dan; North, Gerald R.; Lindquist, Eric

    2008-01-01

    Utilization of Science-Based Information on Climate Change in Decision Making and the Public Policy Process - Phase I Institute for Science, Technology and Public Policy The Bush School of Government and Public Service Texas A&M University Institute... for Science, Technology and Public Policy ? The Bush School ? Texas A&M University 1 Acknowledgements Research Support...

  19. ELSEVIER The Scienceof the TotalEnvironment178(1996)55-61 Chemical sequential extraction as decision-making tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    1996-01-01

    contamina- tion and accumulation in the food chain is the major limit to the application of urban compost or compost-amended soils [13,141, whereas few works deal with its direct application to waste [15]. As MSW as decision-making tool: application to municipal solid waste and its individual constituents P. Prudent*a'b M

  20. THE ROLE OF LAND USE IN ENVIRONMENTAL DECISION MAKING AT THREE DOE MEGA-CLEANUP SITES FERNALD & ROCKY FLATS & MOUND

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JEWETT MA

    2011-01-14

    This paper explores the role that future land use decisions have played in the establishment of cost-effective cleanup objectives and the setting of environmental media cleanup levels for the three major U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites for which cleanup has now been successfully completed: the Rocky Flats, Mound, and Fernald Closure Sites. At each site, there are distinct consensus-building histories throughout the following four phases: (1) the facility shut-down and site investigation phase, which took place at the completion of their Cold War nuclear-material production missions; (2) the decision-making phase, whereby stakeholder and regulatory-agency consensus was achieved for the future land-use-based environmental decisions confronting the sites; (3) the remedy selection phase, whereby appropriate remedial actions were identified to achieve the future land-use-based decisions; and (4) the implementation phase, whereby the selected remedial actions for these high-profile sites were implemented and successfully closed out. At each of the three projects, there were strained relationships and distrust between the local community and the DOE as a result of site contamination and potential health effects to the workers and local residents. To engage citizens and interested stakeholder groups - particularly in the role of final land use in the decision-making process, the site management teams at each respective site developed new public-participation strategies to open stakeholder communication channels with site leadership, technical staff, and the regulatory agencies. This action proved invaluable to the success of the projects and reaching consensus on appropriate levels of cleanup. With the implementation of the cleanup remedies now complete, each of the three DOE sites have become models for future environmental-remediation projects and associated decision making.

  1. A Comparison of Axiomatic Approaches to Qualitative Decision Making Using Possibility Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2001-08-01

    ;? 2 2 ? X and ?;? 2 [0;1] such that max(?;?)=1,amixture of ? 1 ;? 2 with weights ?;? denoted by (?=? 1 ;?=? 2 ) can be de?ned as follows (?=? 1 ;?=? 2 )(x)=max(min(?;? 1 (x));min(?;? 2 (x))): Mixture operation is pairwise commutative in the sense...?m min(? i ;? i (x)): (1) To a decision maker, the value of decision d is the same as the value of the induced ? d . And thanks to the mixture construct, set ? X is rich enough to encode not only a simple decision but also a \\compound" de- cision...

  2. WEIGHTING WAITING IN COLLECTIVE DECISION MAKING ROBERT PLANQUE1,3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Planqué, Bob

    , but it is partic- ularly good when emigration conditions are harsh. #12;WEIGHTING WAITING IN COLLECTIVE DECISION that ant colonies have found a good compromise between impatience and procrastination. Early flexibility

  3. Value of more sophistication : capital investment decision-making with competitive dynamics in the mining industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yuanjian Carla

    2014-01-01

    In many mining markets, one of the central business planning decisions faced by firms is where, when, and by how much to expand their production capacity. Appropriate investment planning methodology is important to both ...

  4. Revised process for work zone decision-making based on quantitative performance measures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Thomas Wayne

    2008-10-10

    Work zones create one of the most challenging environments for drivers. Implementing work zones on urban freeways creates many issues, especially with respect to mobility. Decisions made regarding the work zone should be informed by quantitative...

  5. AN ECONOMIC EXPLORATION OF PREVENTION VERSUS RESPONSE IN ANIMAL RELATED BIOTERRORISM DECISION MAKING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    AN ECONOMIC EXPLORATION OF PREVENTION VERSUS RESPONSE IN ANIMAL RELATED BIOTERRORISM DECISION Major Subject: Agricultural Economics #12;AN ECONOMIC EXPLORATION OF PREVENTION VERSUS RESPONSE of Department) December 2004 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics #12;iii ABSTRACT An Economic Exploration

  6. Application of multi-criteria decision-making on strategic municipal solid waste management in Dalmatia, Croatia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vego, Goran Kucar-Dragicevic, Savka Koprivanac, Natalija

    2008-11-15

    The efficiency of providing a waste management system in the coastal part of Croatia consisting of four Dalmatian counties has been modelled. Two multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods, PROMETHEE and GAIA, were applied to assist with the systematic analysis and evaluation of the alternatives. The analysis covered two levels; first, the potential number of waste management centres resulting from possible inter-county cooperation; and second, the relative merits of siting of waste management centres in the coastal or hinterland zone was evaluated. The problem was analysed according to several criteria; and ecological, economic, social and functional criteria sets were identified as relevant to the decision-making process. The PROMETHEE and GAIA methods were shown to be efficient tools for analysing the problem considered. Such an approach provided new insights to waste management planning at the strategic level, and gave a reason for rethinking some of the existing strategic waste management documents in Croatia.

  7. Intersecting Philosophies: A Qualitative Study of Student Conduct Administrators and Their Decision Making Utilizing the Concepts of Justice and Care 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waller, Jennifer

    2013-07-31

    -1 INTERSECTING PHILOSOPHIES: A QUALITATIVE STUDY OF STUDENT CONDUCT ADMINISTRATORS AND THEIR DECISION MAKING UTILIZING THE CONCEPTS OF JUSTICE AND CARE A Dissertation by JENNIFER LYNN WALLER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M... University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Chair of Committee, Fred Bonner Co-Chair of Committee, Kelli Peck Parrott Committee Members, David W. Parrott Manda Rosser Head of Department, Fred M...

  8. Improving User Decisions about Opening Potentially Dangerous Attachments in Email Clients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brustoloni, José Carlos

    Improving User Decisions about Opening Potentially Dangerous Attachments in Email Clients Ricardo Pittsburgh, PA 15213 adbrooks@andrew.cmu.edu ABSTRACT To prevent users from opening potentially dangerous), whereby the email client detects that the user is about to open a potentially dangerous attachment

  9. Decision-making in structure solution using Bayesian estimates of map quality: the PHENIX AutoSol wizard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C., E-mail: terwilliger@lanl.gov [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Adams, Paul D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Read, Randy J.; McCoy, Airlie J. [Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0XY (United Kingdom); Moriarty, Nigel W.; Grosse-Kunstleve, Ralf W.; Afonine, Pavel V.; Zwart, Peter H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Hung, Li-Wei [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2009-06-01

    Ten measures of experimental electron-density-map quality are examined and the skewness of electron density is found to be the best indicator of actual map quality. A Bayesian approach to estimating map quality is developed and used in the PHENIX AutoSol wizard to make decisions during automated structure solution. Estimates of the quality of experimental maps are important in many stages of structure determination of macromolecules. Map quality is defined here as the correlation between a map and the corresponding map obtained using phases from the final refined model. Here, ten different measures of experimental map quality were examined using a set of 1359 maps calculated by re-analysis of 246 solved MAD, SAD and MIR data sets. A simple Bayesian approach to estimation of map quality from one or more measures is presented. It was found that a Bayesian estimator based on the skewness of the density values in an electron-density map is the most accurate of the ten individual Bayesian estimators of map quality examined, with a correlation between estimated and actual map quality of 0.90. A combination of the skewness of electron density with the local correlation of r.m.s. density gives a further improvement in estimating map quality, with an overall correlation coefficient of 0.92. The PHENIX AutoSol wizard carries out automated structure solution based on any combination of SAD, MAD, SIR or MIR data sets. The wizard is based on tools from the PHENIX package and uses the Bayesian estimates of map quality described here to choose the highest quality solutions after experimental phasing.

  10. Risk Aware Robust Decision Making in Power Systems with Renewable Resources 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thatte, Anupam Ajit

    2014-10-29

    for the combination of a wind farm and an energy storage device participating in a deregulated electricity market. The selection of the uncertainty set for the robust optimization problem, based on the decision maker’s risk preference, is also discussed. From...

  11. Decision Making under Interval and Fuzzy Uncertainty: Towards an Operational Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    State Oil Academy, Baku, Azerbaijan raliev@asoa.edu.az, oleg huseynov@yahoo.com 2 Azerbaijan Association assumption that for each two alterna- tives, a user can always meaningfully decide which of them. Traditional decision theory is based on a simplifying assumption that for each two alternatives, a user can

  12. Calculus Formation: Nurses' Decision-Making in Abortion-Related Care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLemore, MR; Kools, S; Levi, AJ

    2015-01-01

    Registered Nurses (RNs) routinely provide care to patientsDay, 2010). Enabling RNs to make real-time clinicallyhave depicted how expert RNs develop clinical skills, criti-

  13. Assessment of health-care waste disposal methods using a VIKOR-based fuzzy multi-criteria decision making method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Hu-Chen [School of Management, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009 (China); Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8552 (Japan); Wu, Jing [Department of Public Management, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Li, Ping, E-mail: yiwuchulp@126.com [Shanghai Pudong New Area Zhoupu Hospital, No. 135 Guanyue Road, Shanghai 201318 (China); East Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University, No. 150 Jimo Road, Shanghai 200120 (China)

    2013-12-15

    Highlights: • Propose a VIKOR-based fuzzy MCDM technique for evaluating HCW disposal methods. • Linguistic variables are used to assess the ratings and weights for the criteria. • The OWA operator is utilized to aggregate individual opinions of decision makers. • A case study is given to illustrate the procedure of the proposed framework. - Abstract: Nowadays selection of the appropriate treatment method in health-care waste (HCW) management has become a challenge task for the municipal authorities especially in developing countries. Assessment of HCW disposal alternatives can be regarded as a complicated multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) problem which requires consideration of multiple alternative solutions and conflicting tangible and intangible criteria. The objective of this paper is to present a new MCDM technique based on fuzzy set theory and VIKOR method for evaluating HCW disposal methods. Linguistic variables are used by decision makers to assess the ratings and weights for the established criteria. The ordered weighted averaging (OWA) operator is utilized to aggregate individual opinions of decision makers into a group assessment. The computational procedure of the proposed framework is illustrated through a case study in Shanghai, one of the largest cities of China. The HCW treatment alternatives considered in this study include “incineration”, “steam sterilization”, “microwave” and “landfill”. The results obtained using the proposed approach are analyzed in a comparative way.

  14. Utility of Choice: An Information Theoretic Approach to Investment Decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Khoshnevisan; Sukanto Bhattacharya; Florentin Smarandache

    2002-12-10

    In this paper we have devised an alternative methodological approach for quantifying utility in terms of expected information content of the decision-maker's choice set. We have proposed an extension to the concept of utility by incorporating extrinsic utility; which we have defined as the utility derived from the element of choice afforded to the decision-maker by the availability of an object within his or her object set. We have subsequently applied this extended utility concept to the case of investor utility derived from a structured, financial product - an custom-made investment portfolio incorporating an endogenous capital-guarantee through inclusion of cash as a risk-free asset, based on the Black-Scholes derivative-pricing formulation.

  15. The effects of stress on nuclear power plant operational decision making and training approaches to reduce stress effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mumaw, R.J.

    1994-08-01

    Operational personnel may be exposed to significant levels of stress during unexpected changes in plant state an plant emergencies. The decision making that identifies operational actions, which is strongly determined by procedures, may be affected by stress, and performance may be impaired. ER report analyzes potential effects of stress in nuclear power plant (NPP) settings, especially in the context of severe accident management (SAM). First, potential sources of stress in the NPP setting are identified. This analysis is followed by a review of the ways in which stress is likely to affect performance, with an emphasis on performance of cognitive skills that are linked to operational decision making. Finally, potential training approaches for reducing or eliminating stress effects are identified. Several training approaches have the potential to eliminate or mitigate stress effects on cognitive skill performance. First, the use of simulated events for training can reduce the novelty and uncertainty that can lead to stress and performance impairments. Second, training to make cognitive processing more efficient and less reliant on attention and memory resources can offset the reductions in these resources that occur under stressful conditions. Third, training that targets crew communications skills can reduce the likelihood that communications will fail under stress.

  16. Utilization of Science-Based Information on Climate Change in Decision Making and the Public Policy Process - Phase 2 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vedlitz, Arnold; Lindquist, Eric; Liu, Xinsheng; Zahran, Sammy; Wood, B. Dan; Alston, Letitia T.; North, Gerald

    2010-01-01

    -1 Utilization of Science-Based Information on Climate Change in Decision Making and the Public Policy Process - Phase 2 Institute for Science, Technology and Public Policy The Bush School of Government and Public Service Texas A&M University Dr. Arnold... Vedlitz, Director & Bob Bullock Chair in Government and Public Policy Institute for Science, Technology and Public Policy The Bush School of Government and Public Service Texas A&M University College Station, Texas 77843-4350 Phone 979.862.8855 avedlitz...

  17. THREE ESSAYS ON THE CHOICE OF DECISION-MAKING STRUCTURES IN ALLIANCES AND OTHER COMBINED VENTURES AND THE PERFORMANCE IMPLICATIONS OF SUCH CHOICE AT THE DYADIC AND FIRM LEVELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martynov, Aleksey

    2011-07-07

    The optimal choice of a decision-making structure in alliances and other combined ventures is an important yet underexplored question. There is no single theory that predicts what types of decision-making structures will be optimal in different...

  18. Preferences play a significant role in human decision making, partic-ularly as they relate to deciding how to act. As such, it comes as no sur-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIlraith, Sheila

    Preferences play a significant role in human decision making, partic- ularly as they relate, but the problem specification provides no addi- tional criteria to distinguish between good and bad plans

  19. A Force-Field Analysis on the Organizational Landscape Influencing Presidential Decision-Making at Small, Private, Liberal Arts Colleges in Iowa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gerald Coleman

    2013-04-25

    This study serves the purpose of understanding presidential leadership and the forces that either restrain or influence their decision-making for change and adaptability at six small, private, liberal arts colleges (SPLACs) in Iowa. By utilizing a...

  20. Eliciting Predictions and Recommendations for Decision Making YILING CHEN, Harvard University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    . INTRODUCTION Consider a company attempting to decide whether to invest in solar or wind energy. To improve its that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice

  1. Modeling Low Impact Development at the Small-Watershed Scale: Implications for the Decision Making Process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seo, Mijin

    2014-12-03

    in order to identify their performance on improving stormwater runoff and water quality under such conditions. Rain gardens, rainwater harvesting systems, and permeable pavements, commonly used in urban areas, were selected. The Soil and Water Assessment...

  2. Risk Measures Constituting Risk Metrics for Decision Making in the Chemical Process Industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prem, Katherine

    2012-02-14

    monetization. Predicting incidents as leading metrics is pivotal to improving plant processes and, for individual and societal safety in the vicinity of the plant (portfolio). From this study it can be concluded that the comprehensive judgments of all the risks...

  3. 1. Devaluation of 100% which is expected to improve the trade balance by making their

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for young women without children. In order to provide energy for the EPZ, the government has secured a World1. Devaluation of 100% which is expected to improve the trade balance by making their exports is married to an energy tycoon who is poised to buy out the national gas opera- tion at quite a good rate

  4. Applications of neural networks to monitoring and decision making in the operation of nuclear power plants. Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uhrig, R.E. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)]|[Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1990-12-31

    Application of neural networks to monitoring and decision making in the operation of nuclear power plants is being investigated under a US Department of Energy sponsored program at the University of Tennessee. Projects include the feasibility of using neural networks for the following tasks: (1) diagnosing specific abnormal conditions or problems in nuclear power plants, (2) detection of the change of mode of operation of the plant, (3) validating signals coming from detectors, (4) review of ``noise`` data from TVA`s Sequoyah Nuclear Power Plant, and (5) examination of the NRC`s database of ``Letter Event Reports`` for correlation of sequences of events in the reported incidents. Each of these projects and its status are described briefly in this paper. This broad based program has as its objective the definition of the state-of-the-art in using neural networks to enhance the performance of commercial nuclear power plants.

  5. Industrial Decision Making- Improving Petroleum Refining Performance through Better Economic Performance Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mergens, E. H.

    1997-01-01

    product, safely, at the lowest raw material use and operating cost. The manner in which efficient plant performance is attained entails not only having a clearly identified goal. There must be a realistic and reliable means of measuring plant expenses...

  6. The use of management science techniques to improve decision making in poultry processing facilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, Kenneth Allen

    1994-01-01

    The growth of the poultry industry into a major meat producing agribusiness has caused poultry processing facilities to evolve into major complexes that rely increasingly on machinery to process mass numbers of chicken ...

  7. A Framework for Measurement Feedback to Improve Decision-Making in Mental Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    Information Technology Architecture Versus Measurementabout the information technology architecture of a feedback

  8. A case study of an expert mathematics teacher's interactive decision-making system using physiological and behavioral time series data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Deborah Larkey

    2005-02-17

    . The mean and standard deviation of observable decision-action rates on teacher-identified ?teaching days? were higher than the rates on ?guiding? days. Bivariate time series analysis of decision-action rates and physiological response rates showed a...

  9. Industrial Decision Making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, R. N.; McKinney, V.; Shipley, A.

    2008-01-01

    Domestic industrial investment has declined due to unfavorable energy prices, and external markets. Investment behavior has changed over the past few years, and will continue due to high labor costs, tight markets and an unstable U.S. economy...

  10. Intelligent urban water systems use state-of-the-art sensors, telemetry as well as decision-making and optimisation software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardell-Oliver, Rachel

    Overview Intelligent urban water systems use state-of-the-art sensors, telemetry as well as decision-making and optimisation software for various components of an urban water system. These elements are applied all the way from the catchment via water treatment facilities to households. This means sensor

  11. Ecosystem Services in Decision Making: Time to Deliver Author(s): Gretchen C. Daily, Stephen Polasky, Joshua Goldstein, Peter M. Kareiva, Harold A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Ecosystem Services in Decision Making: Time to Deliver Author(s): Gretchen C. Daily, Stephen. 7, No. 1, The Role of Ecosystem Services in Conservation and Resource Management (Feb., 2009), pp of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity

  12. Taking Risk Assessment and Management to the Next Level: Program-Level Risk Analysis to Enable Solid Decision-Making on Priorities and Funding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, J. G.; Morton, R. L.; Castillo, C.; Dyer, G.; Johnson, N.; McSwain, J. T.

    2011-02-01

    A multi-level (facility and programmatic) risk assessment was conducted for the facilities in the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) Readiness in Technical Base and Facilities (RTBF) Program and results were included in a new Risk Management Plan (RMP), which was incorporated into the fiscal year (FY) 2010 Integrated Plans. Risks, risk events, probability, consequence(s), and mitigation strategies were identified and captured, for most scope areas (i.e., risk categories) during the facilitated risk workshops. Risk mitigations (i.e., efforts in addition to existing controls) were identified during the facilitated risk workshops when the risk event was identified. Risk mitigation strategies fell into two broad categories: threats or opportunities. Improvement projects were identified and linked to specific risks they mitigate, making the connection of risk reduction through investments for the annual Site Execution Plan. Due to the amount of that was collected, analysis to be performed, and reports to be generated, a Risk Assessment/ Management Tool (RAMtool) database was developed to analyze the risks in real-time, at multiple levels, which reinforced the site-level risk management process and procedures. The RAMtool database was developed and designed to assist in the capturing and analysis of the key elements of risk: probability, consequence, and impact. The RAMtool calculates the facility-level and programmatic-level risk factors to enable a side-by-side comparison to see where the facility manager and program manager should focus their risk reduction efforts and funding. This enables them to make solid decisions on priorities and funding to maximize the risk reduction. A more active risk management process was developed where risks and opportunities are actively managed, monitored, and controlled by each facility more aggressively and frequently. risk owners have the responsibility and accountability to manage their assigned risk in real-time, using the RAMtool database.

  13. Method of making improved gas storage carbon with enhanced thermal conductivity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burchell, Timothy D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Rogers, Michael R. (Knoxville, TN)

    2002-11-05

    A method of making an adsorbent carbon fiber based monolith having improved methane gas storage capabilities is disclosed. Additionally, the monolithic nature of the storage carbon allows it to exhibit greater thermal conductivity than conventional granular activated carbon or powdered activated carbon storage beds. The storage of methane gas is achieved through the process of physical adsorption in the micropores that are developed in the structure of the adsorbent monolith. The disclosed monolith is capable of storing greater than 150 V/V of methane [i.e., >150 STP (101.325 KPa, 298K) volumes of methane per unit volume of storage vessel internal volume] at a pressure of 3.5 MPa (500 psi).

  14. A. Kusiak, Data Mining and Decision Making, in B.V. Dasarathy (Ed.), Proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Theory, Tools, and Technology IV, Vol. 4730, SPIE, Orlando, FL, April 2002, pp. 155-165.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    A. Kusiak, Data Mining and Decision Making, in B.V. Dasarathy (Ed.), Proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Theory, Tools, and Technology IV, Vol. 4730, SPIE, Orlando, FL, April 2002, pp. 155-165. Data Mining and Decision Making Andrew Kusiak Department of Mechanical

  15. Strategic Decision-Making with Information and Extraction Externalities: A Structural Model of the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    's exploration decision as a fraction of a firm's average de- velopment cost is given by |·drill_cost| = 049's average devel- opment cost is given by |·drill_cost| = 049|| = -159. Thus, when a neighbor explores, the mean pre-exploration shock is only a small frac- tion of the mean exploration costs: (;) = -·(drill_cost

  16. Status Update on the NCRP Scientific Committee SC 5-1 Report: Decision Making for Late-Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Incidents - 13450

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, S.Y.

    2013-07-01

    In August 2008, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued its final Protective Action Guide (PAG) for radiological dispersal device (RDD) and improvised nuclear device (IND) incidents. This document specifies protective actions for public health during the early and intermediate phases and cleanup guidance for the late phase of RDD or IND incidents, and it discusses approaches to implementing the necessary actions. However, while the PAG provides specific guidance for the early and intermediate phases, it prescribes no equivalent guidance for the late-phase cleanup actions. Instead, the PAG offers a general description of a complex process using a site-specific optimization approach. This approach does not predetermine cleanup levels but approaches the problem from the factors that would bear on the final agreed-on cleanup levels. Based on this approach, the decision-making process involves multifaceted considerations including public health, the environment, and the economy, as well as socio-political factors. In an effort to fully define the process and approach to be used in optimizing late-phase recovery and site restoration following an RDD or IND incident, DHS has tasked the NCRP with preparing a comprehensive report addressing all aspects of the optimization process. Preparation of the NCRP report is a three-year (2010-2013) project assigned to a scientific committee, the Scientific Committee (SC) 5-1; the report was initially titled, Approach to Optimizing Decision Making for Late- Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Terrorism Incidents. Members of SC 5-1 represent a broad range of expertise, including homeland security, health physics, risk and decision analysis, economics, environmental remediation and radioactive waste management, and communication. In the wake of the Fukushima nuclear accident of 2011, and guided by a recent process led by the White House through a Principal Level Exercise (PLE), the optimization approach has since been expanded to include off-site contamination from major nuclear power plant accidents as well as other nuclear or radiological incidents. The expanded application under the current guidance has thus led to a broadened scope of the report, which is reflected in its new title, Decision Making for Late-Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Incidents. The NCRP report, which is due for publication in 2013, will substantiate the current DHS guidance by clarifying and elaborating on the processes required for the development and implementation of procedures for optimizing decision making for late-phase recovery, enabling the establishment of cleanup goals on a site-specific basis. The report will contain a series of topics addressing important issues related to the long-term recovery from nuclear or radiological incidents. Special topics relevant to supporting the optimization of the decision-making process will include cost-benefit analysis, radioactive waste management, risk communication, stakeholder interaction, risk assessment, and decontamination approaches and techniques. The committee also evaluated past nuclear and radiological incidents for their relevance to the report, including the emerging issues associated with the Fukushima nuclear accident. Thus, due to the commonality of the late-phase issues (such as the potential widespread contamination following an event), the majority of the information pertaining to the response in the late-phase decision-making period, including site-specific optimization framework and approach, could be used or adapted for use in case of similar situations that are not due to terrorism, such as those that would be caused by major nuclear facility accidents or radiological incidents. To ensure that the report and the NCRP recommendations are current and relevant to the effective implementation of federal guidance, SC 5-1 has actively coordinated with the agencies of interest and other relevant stakeholders throughout the duration of the project. The resulting report will be an important resource to guide those involved

  17. Improved Microarray-Based Decision Support with Graph Encoded Interactome Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engineering ESAT/SCD, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Abstract In the past, microarray studies-Based Decision Support with Graph Encoded Interactome Data. PLoS ONE 5(4): e10225. doi:10.1371/journal (FWO-Vlaanderen). OG is supported by the Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO). JS is a professor

  18. An Environmental and Economic Trade-off Analysis of Manufacturing Process Chains to Inform Decision Making for Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Stefanie L.

    2013-01-01

    http://www.processexcellencenetwork.com/six-sigma- quality/improvement using six sigma: A DMAIC guide. Milwaukee, WI:modeled after the Six Sigma DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyze,

  19. The relationship between student performance and leadership practices as perceived by principals and selected site-based decision making (SBDM) committee members of middle schools in Region 5 Education Service Center (ESC), Texas: a cohort study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheppard, Larry Scott

    2007-09-17

    This study, one of four cohort studies, was designed to determine the relationship between student performance and leadership practices as perceived by principals and selected site-based decision making committee members ...

  20. Design-Build and CM at Risk- comparative analysis for owner decision making based on case studies and project surveys 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Soon Rock

    2012-07-16

    Currently, many researchers and stakeholders believe that effective delivery systems for construction projects are key to improving project quality and value in the construction industry. Therefore, it is important that owners use the best project...

  1. A study of the Mighty Motors operating system : making sustainable improvements at a powertrain manufacturing facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dibb, Gregory David, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Many manufacturing companies are developing their own production or operating system, particularly in an effort to duplicate the widely renowned Toyota Production System. Toyota has demonstrated its potential for improving ...

  2. The Muzzi marsh: a case study and analysis of wetland restoration decision-making in San Francisco Bay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brah, William Joseph

    1982-01-01

    were subject to the requirements of the Act. As to these, the wildlife agen- cies can recommend that the requested permit be denied or that app1icants develop mitigation plans to prevent or lessen damage to wetland habitat and to improve habitat... have learned that they have a better chance in securing approval of a permit if they propose mitigation or restoration programs. Others coun- ter that it is not fair to impose extensive restoration requirements on permit applicants when...

  3. Shared Accountability to Improve Educational Outcomes of Foster Youth: Examining the Conditions that Influence Evidence-Based Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huff, Brian Lee

    2015-01-01

    education liaison. Journal of Education for Students Placedtheory of professional education. In G. Sykes & L. Darling-should know. Teacher Education and Special Education, 20(4),

  4. Decision-Making Aid Tool for the Evaluation and Improvement of the Energy Performance of Stock of Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joutey, H. A.; Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Lahrech, R.

    2005-01-01

    Energy efficient glazing is necessary to reduce heat gains or losses that contribute to the high-energy use of buildings. However, high-rise commercial buildings that use energy efficient glazing are still consumptive. To reduce their energy use...

  5. Decision-Making in Structure Solution using Bayesian Estimates of Map Quality: The PHENIX AutoSol Wizard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, T. C.; Adams, P. D.; Read, R. J.; McCoy, A. J.; Moriarty, Nigel W.; Grosse-Kunstleve, R. W.; Afonine, P. V.; Zwart, P. H.; Hung, L.-W.

    2009-03-01

    Estimates of the quality of experimental maps are important in many stages of structure determination of macromolecules. Map quality is defined here as the correlation between a map and the map calculated based on a final refined model. Here we examine 10 different measures of experimental map quality using a set of 1359 maps calculated by reanalysis of 246 solved MAD, SAD, and MIR datasets. A simple Bayesian approach to estimation of map quality from one or more measures is presented. We find that a Bayesian estimator based on the skew of histograms of electron density is the most accurate of the 10 individual Bayesian estimators of map quality examined, with a correlation between estimated and actual map quality of 0.90. A combination of the skew of electron density with the local correlation of rms density gives a further improvement in estimating map quality, with an overall correlation coefficient of 0.92. The PHENIX AutoSol Wizard carries out automated structure solution based on any combination of SAD, MAD, SIR, or MIR datasets. The Wizard is based on tools from the PHENIX package and uses the Bayesian estimates of map quality described here to choose the highest-quality solutions after experimental phasing.

  6. Risk-based decision making for staggered bioterrorist attacks : resource allocation and risk reduction in "reload" scenarios.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lemaster, Michelle Nicole; Gay, David M. (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Ehlen, Mark Andrew (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Boggs, Paul T.; Ray, Jaideep

    2009-10-01

    Staggered bioterrorist attacks with aerosolized pathogens on population centers present a formidable challenge to resource allocation and response planning. The response and planning will commence immediately after the detection of the first attack and with no or little information of the second attack. In this report, we outline a method by which resource allocation may be performed. It involves probabilistic reconstruction of the bioterrorist attack from partial observations of the outbreak, followed by an optimization-under-uncertainty approach to perform resource allocations. We consider both single-site and time-staggered multi-site attacks (i.e., a reload scenario) under conditions when resources (personnel and equipment which are difficult to gather and transport) are insufficient. Both communicable (plague) and non-communicable diseases (anthrax) are addressed, and we also consider cases when the data, the time-series of people reporting with symptoms, are confounded with a reporting delay. We demonstrate how our approach develops allocations profiles that have the potential to reduce the probability of an extremely adverse outcome in exchange for a more certain, but less adverse outcome. We explore the effect of placing limits on daily allocations. Further, since our method is data-driven, the resource allocation progressively improves as more data becomes available.

  7. Energy-conservation-investment decision making in developing countries: A review of project implementation in industry. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-12-01

    Despite recent efforts in a number of developing countries to promote energy conservation (EC) and efficiency, only a fraction of EC potential has been captured, especially for projects that require significant investments. The document analyzes EC efforts in 11 countries where energy audit and/or feasibility study programs have been carried out (Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Pakistan, Panama, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka), covering some 1,500 EC projects involving 242 industrial companies. Cost and length of payback seem to be the determining factors for companies considering EC measures; no-cost or low-cost projects with paybacks of less than a year (such as power factor improvement projects) had the highest rate of implementation, while expensive, complicated projects (e.g., cogeneration or fuel substitution projects) were most often rejected. The document concludes, however, that the rate of implementation of EC programs has been quite high, and recommends that inexpensive, short-term projects be featured in future EC programs and increased levels of TA and financial assistance be made available to companies implementing long-term EC measures.

  8. High energy product permanent magnet having improved intrinsic coercivity and method of making same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ramesh, Ramamoorthy (Berkeley, CA); Thomas, Gareth (Berkeley, CA)

    1990-01-01

    A high energy rare earth-ferromagnetic metal permanent magnet is disclosed which is characterized by improved intrinsic coercivity and is made by forming a particulate mixture of a permanent magnet alloy comprising one or more rare earth elements and one or more ferromagnetic metals and forming a second particulate mixture of a sintering alloy consisting essentially of 92-98 wt. % of one or more rare earth elements selected from the class consisting of Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu, and mixtures of two or more of such rare earth elements, and 2-8 wt. % of one or more alloying metals selected from the class consisting of Al, Nb, Zr, V, Ta, Mo, and mixtures of two or more of such metals. The permanent magnet alloy particles and sintering aid alloy are mixed together and magnetically oriented by immersing the mixture in an axially aligned magnetic field while cold pressing the mixture. The compressed mixture is then sintered at a temperature above the melting point of the sintering aid and below the melting point of the permanent magnet alloy to thereby coat the particle surfaces of the permanent magnetic alloy particles with the sintering aid while inhibiting migration of the rare earth element in the sintering aid into the permanent magnet alloy particles to thereby raise the intrinsic coercivity of the permanent magnet alloy without substantially lowering the high energy of the permanent magnet alloy.

  9. Essays in behavioral decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shampanier, Kristina S

    2007-01-01

    Essay 1: Zero as a Special Price: the True Value of Free Products. When faced with a choice of selecting one of several available products (or possibly buying nothing), according to standard theoretical perspectives, people ...

  10. Training Adaptive Decision-Making.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbott, Robert G.; Forsythe, James C.

    2014-10-01

    Adaptive Thinking has been defined here as the capacity to recognize when a course of action that may have previously been effective is no longer effective and there is need to adjust strategy. Research was undertaken with human test subjects to identify the factors that contribute to adaptive thinking. It was discovered that those most effective in settings that call for adaptive thinking tend to possess a superior capacity to quickly and effectively generate possible courses of action, as measured using the Category Generation test. Software developed for this research has been applied to develop capabilities enabling analysts to identify crucial factors that are predictive of outcomes in fore-on-force simulation exercises.

  11. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for Cement Making. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worrell, Ernst

    2008-01-01

    Technology and Energy Management” Zement-Kalk-Gips 47 : 630-and Bezant, K.W. , 1990. “Energy Management in the UK Cementpotential for improved energy management practices exists.

  12. The New Energy Management Frontier: The Critical Role of a Systematic Management Approach in Making Technology Improvements Successful 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feldman, J.

    2003-01-01

    , coincided with savings in resource usage worth in excess of $750,000 per year. Actual improvements were achieved through implementing policies and procedures, an energy management information system plus better utilization of compressed air systems... playa pivotal role in the quest for increased energy efficiency. However, sophisticated industrial energy users are increasingly learning that technology alone cannot drive long-tenn, sustainable reductions in energy cost. The role of people within...

  13. Continuous Improvement in the Leander ISD: A Quantitative and Qualitative Assessment of Culture and Core Values 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Joe E.

    2011-10-21

    suggest that the first eight of the Nine Core Values are lived out in the Leander ISD as identifiable norms of behavior: shared vision, outside stakeholder involvement in educational decision-making, long term commitment, continuous improvement, employee...

  14. UNDERSTANDING HOME RENOVATION DECISIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    UNDERSTANDING HOME RENOVATION DECISIONS - A Research Project - Background to Our Research Energy to renovate their homes. We're interested in energy efficiency, but in all other efficient renova/ons can lower energy bills, improve comfort by reducing dra

  15. Assigning Robust Default Values in Building Performance Simulation Software for Improved Decision-Making in the Initial Stages of Building Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiyama, Kyosuke

    2015-01-01

    Applying data mining techniques on a database of BIM models could provide valuable insights in key design patterns implicitly present in these BIM models. The architectural designer would then be able to use previous data ...

  16. Assessment of New Approaches in Geothermal Exploration Decision...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    approaches were investigated to develop a best-practices methodology for objective geothermal exploration decision making at a given location, including gono-go decision points...

  17. 15.060 Data, Models, and Decisions, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freund, Robert Michael

    Introduces students to the basic tools in using data to make informed management decisions. Covers introductory probability, decision analysis, basic statistics, regression, simulation, linear and nonlinear optimization, ...

  18. Advanced Computing Initiative To Study Methods of Improving Fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cost of Fusion Reactor Well known that improving confinement & can lower Cost of Electricity / k: Several interesting innovative ideas being pursued to improve fusion power plants (advanced tokamaks, and to optimize power plants. Cost-effective way of preparing for next-step decisions, and help make the case

  19. Robust Decision Making with the Same-Decision Probability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Suming Jeremiah

    2015-01-01

    Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, pp.Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI), pp. 985–991,reasoning. ” Artificial Intelligence, 82:273 – 302, 1996. [

  20. Systems analysis of major consumer energy decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sisler, Nicholas Daniel

    2011-01-01

    American consumers make a number of decisions that significantly impact their energy use. Some of the most important of these decisions were identified and analyzed for the purpose of including them in a Consumer Energy ...

  1. Single-photon decision maker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naruse, Makoto; Drezet, Aurelien; Huant, Serge; Aono, Masashi; Hori, Hirokazu; Kim, Song-Ju

    2015-01-01

    Decision making is critical in our daily lives and for society in general and is finding evermore practical applications in information and communication technologies. Herein, we demonstrate experimentally that single photons can be used to make decisions in uncertain, dynamically changing environments. Using a nitrogen-vacancy in a nanodiamond as a single-photon source, we demonstrate the decision-making capability by solving the multi-armed bandit problem. This capability is directly and immediately associated with single-photon detection in the proposed architecture, leading to adequate and adaptive autonomous decision making. This study makes it possible to create systems that benefit from the quantum nature of light to perform practical and vital intelligent functions.

  2. Initial Risk Analysis and Decision Making Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.

    2012-02-01

    Commercialization of new carbon capture simulation initiative (CCSI) technology will include two key elements of risk management, namely, technical risk (will process and plant performance be effective, safe, and reliable) and enterprise risk (can project losses and costs be controlled within the constraints of market demand to maintain profitability and investor confidence). Both of these elements of risk are incorporated into the risk analysis subtask of Task 7. Thus far, this subtask has developed a prototype demonstration tool that quantifies risk based on the expected profitability of expenditures when retrofitting carbon capture technology on a stylized 650 MW pulverized coal electric power generator. The prototype is based on the selection of specific technical and financial factors believed to be important determinants of the expected profitability of carbon capture, subject to uncertainty. The uncertainty surrounding the technical performance and financial variables selected thus far is propagated in a model that calculates the expected profitability of investments in carbon capture and measures risk in terms of variability in expected net returns from these investments. Given the preliminary nature of the results of this prototype, additional work is required to expand the scope of the model to include additional risk factors, additional information on extant and proposed risk factors, the results of a qualitative risk factor elicitation process, and feedback from utilities and other interested parties involved in the carbon capture project. Additional information on proposed distributions of these risk factors will be integrated into a commercial implementation framework for the purpose of a comparative technology investment analysis.

  3. Algorithmic modeling of decision making over networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vattani, Andrea

    2012-01-01

    than that with split contracts for small b, we plotted itsfixed-payment contracts not only for small branching factorsthan fixed-payment contracts not only for small branching

  4. Intertemporal Decision Making: a Mental Load Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treur, Jan

    in the present, and are helpful, for example, in coping with risks for addiction (e.g., [7]). In intertemporal, in line with basic intuitions in economics, for example, behind the well-known Labour Theory of Value (cf

  5. Essays on Decision Making under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sautua, Santiago Ignacio

    2015-01-01

    Engineering; Applied Math; Astrophysics; Biochemistry;Engineering; Applied Mathematics; Architecture; Astrophysics; Biochemistry;

  6. Experiments on decision making and auctions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Elizabeth Ann

    2009-06-02

    Experimental economics is often called upon to inform theory and aid in explaining real world behavior. As such it is important to carefully design laboratory experiments to test the validity of new theories and to reexamine ...

  7. Environmental decision making: supply-chain considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David

    2008-01-01

    Water and the Environment. Ecoinvent (2007). Product Ecologyfor Europe and the US [Ecoinvent, 2007]; however the GWPOF ELECTRICITY CONSUMED [ECOINVENT, GWP (kg CO2eq/kWh) O r C

  8. Environmental decision making: supply-chain considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David

    2008-01-01

    manufacturing environmental impact and enable the reductionthe supply chain (3) environmental impact and cost must bethe supply chain’s environmental impact and flexibility (

  9. Essays on microeconomics and statistical decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nieto Barthaburu, Augusto

    2006-01-01

    A production allocation is a function s : F ? R N +M suchned a consumption allocation as a function c : A ? R N +M .functions and production sets are a?ected by the allocation

  10. Quantitative Decision-making in Software Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharya, Pamela

    2012-01-01

    features for engineering software development. Engineeringand Tao Xie. Mining software engineering data. In Proc.Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE 2012), Tutorial,

  11. Quantitative Decision-making in Software Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharya, Pamela

    2012-01-01

    and Tao Xie. Mining software engineering data. In Proc.Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE 2012), Tutorial,Conference on Software Engineering, 2008. [139] Peter C.

  12. The Effects of Elite Decision Making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Morgen S.

    2010-07-14

    and superintendents on performance. I also examine the effect of principals within in the organization, namely how principals affect the turnover of the workers under them. Results find that principals have a direct and beneficial influence on organizational...

  13. Quantitative Decision-making in Software Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharya, Pamela

    2012-01-01

    215 8.2.2 Measuring software quality and maintenanceof Programming Languages on Software Quality . . . . . .development of higher-quality software. However, the lack of

  14. PRACTICE MMI QUESTIONS* Placebo (Ethical Decision Making)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    the approach will save health care costs? At what expense? Discuss this issue with the interviewer. Standard

  15. Quantitative Decision-making in Software Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharya, Pamela

    2012-01-01

    219 xiv 8.3.2 Software Networks for FailureSearching Software Repositories . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9for assessing the effects of programming language software

  16. Quantitative Decision-making in Software Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharya, Pamela

    2012-01-01

    Ball. Use of relative code churn measures to predict systemsoftware dependencies and churn metrics to predict fieldet al. [115], e.g. , code churn over total eLOC. A Graph-

  17. Environmental decision making: supply-chain considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David

    2008-01-01

    Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA) model. ”input-output life-cycle assessment (EIOLCA) from Carnegieprocess based life-cycle assessments, the advantage of the

  18. Tank Farm Area Cleanup Decision-Making

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S. Coal StocksSuppliers Tag:Take Action APPENDIX-11CoverArea

  19. Geospatial Decision Making System - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LET IonizingGeorge B.ThousandGeosciences

  20. A. Kusiak, S. Shah, and B. Dixon, Data mining based decision-making approach for predicting survival kidney dialysis patients, in D.D. Feng and E.R. Carson (Eds), Modelling and Control on Biomedical Systems 2003, Proceedings of the IFAC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    35 A. Kusiak, S. Shah, and B. Dixon, Data mining based decision-making approach for predicting, Melbourne, Australia, published by Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, August 2003, pp. 35-39. DATA MINING interventions and the dialysis treatment prescription. In this research, a data mining approach is used

  1. The Internet of Decisions There is a need to change from systems thinking to infrastructural thinking about decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bisdorff, Raymond

    decision fusion and aiding methodologies especially for spatial data handling, and easily scalable, Internet, Decision Fusion, Decision Making and Aiding Practice, Multiple Criteria Decision Aid, Decision Star et al. (1996) and Edwards et al. (2007) we may recognize that DSSI emerges as: an embodiment

  2. Methods of making pyrrolidones

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Werpy, Todd; Frye, Jr., John G.; Wang, Yong; Zacher, Alan H.

    2003-10-14

    The present invention provides methods for making N-methylpyrrolidine and analogous compounds via hydrogenation. Novel catalysts for this process, and novel conditions/yields are also described. Other process improvements may include extraction and hydrolysis steps. Some preferred reactions take place in the aqueous phase. Starting materials for making N-methylpyrrolidine may include succinic acid, N-methylsuccinimide, and their analogs.

  3. Methods Of Making Pyrrolidones

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Werpy, Todd (West Richland, WA); Frye, Jr., John G. (Richland, WA); Wang, Yong (Richland, WA); Zacher, Alan H. (Kennewick, WA)

    2003-12-30

    The present invention provides methods for making N-methylpyrrolidine and analogous compounds via hydrogenation. Novel catalysts for this process, and novel conditions/yields are also described. Other process improvements may include extraction and hydrolysis steps. Some preferred reactions take place in the aqueous phase. Starting materials for making N-methylpyrrolidine may include succinic acid, N-methylsuccinimide, and their analogs.

  4. Methods of making pyrrolidones

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Werpy, Todd; Frye, Jr., John G.; Wang, Yong; Zacher, Alan H.

    2003-08-05

    The present invention provides methods for making N-methylpyrrolidine and analogous compounds via hydrogenation. Novel catalysts for this process, and novel conditions/yields are also described. Other process improvements may include extraction and hydrolysis steps. Some preferred reactions take place in the aqueous phase. Starting materials for making N-methylpyrrolidine may include succinic acid, N-methylsuccinimide, and their analogs.

  5. Methods of making pyrrolidones

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Werpy, Todd; Frye, Jr., John G.; Wang, Yong; Zacher, Alan H.

    2004-03-16

    The present invention provides methods for making N-methylpyrrolidine and analogous compounds via hydrogenation. Novel catalysts for this process, and novel conditions/yields are also described. Other process improvements may include extraction and hydrolysis steps. Some preferred reactions take place in the aqueous phase. Starting materials for making N-methylpyrrolidine may include succinic acid, N-methylsuccinimide, and their analogs.

  6. Improving the representation of terrestrial ecosystem processes in Earth system models to increase the quality of climate model projections and inform DOE's energy decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Improving the representation of terrestrial ecosystem processes in Earth system models to increase results are incorporated into Earth system models to improve climate projections. e overarching goal of TES is to improve the representation of terrestrial ecosystem processes in Earth system models

  7. Supply chain planning decisions under demand uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yanfeng Anna

    2008-01-01

    Sales and operational planning that incorporates unconstrained demand forecasts has been expected to improve long term corporate profitability. Companies are considering such unconstrained demand forecasts in their decisions ...

  8. "The potential to create technology that will lead to a cleaner environment, improved health, and a better standard of living for all is what makes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sniadecki, Nathan J.

    Boeing, NASA, wind turbine manufacturers, and builders of super yachts and race cars. Sally Jewell (BSME, and a better standard of living for all is what makes mechanical engineering such a fascinating and rewarding profession." PER REINHALL, PROFESSOR AND CHAIR, UW MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DISTINGUISHED ALUMNI Graduates

  9. America Makes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    America Makes advances additive manufacturing technology and products, and serves as a nationally recognized additive manufacturing center of innovation excellence, working to transform the U.S. manufacturing sector and yield significant advancements throughout industry. America Makes was formerly called the National Additive Manufacturing Innovation Institute (NAMII).

  10. Optimization-based decision support system for retail souring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Jalpa (Jalpa N.)

    2012-01-01

    Some of the biggest challenges in the retail sourcing lie in predicting demand for a new article and making purchase decisions such as quantity, source, transportation mode and time of the order. Such decisions become more ...

  11. Informing design decisions : an approach to corporate building design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Marc A

    1985-01-01

    This thesis is an investigation into design methodologies. How do we, as designers, prepare ourselves for decision making and evaluate our assumptions and decisions? The intent is to employ this information as a basis for ...

  12. Enhancing the systems decision process with flexibility analysis for optimal unmanned aircraft system selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachmann, Chris H., III (Christopher Henry)

    2008-01-01

    Systems Engineers often conduct decision analysis in order to provide decision makers with a quantifiable means to make decisions. However, the field of Systems Engineering is often criticized for focusing on processes and ...

  13. We investigate the role of risk perceptions in societal decision-making and as determinants of the social costs of alternative energy sources. Our point of departure is the internationally unique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    -making and as determinants of the social costs of alternative energy sources. Our point of departure is the internationally in energy policy. The survey elicited explicitly the importance of subjective risks on preferences regarding

  14. Web Intelligence to Make Strategic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahrendt, Wolfgang

    Using Web Intelligence to Make Strategic (Business) Decisions Staffan Truvé, PhD Co-founder & CTO truve@recordedfuture.com #12;#12;#12;#12;Recorded Future · Web Intelligence · From data collection;#7 #12;#7 #12;#1 #12;#12;Sensors + predictive models #12;Web Intelligence Metrics UNSTRUCTURED TEXT

  15. An Argumentation-based Approach to Handling Trust in Distributed Decision Simon Parsons and Elizabeth Sklar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    information from particu- lar sources impacts the decisions they have to make. We de- scribe the formal system to support decision making in situations where the source of the information on which decisions are based concentrate, in particular, on the trust that decision-makers have in information sources. The approach

  16. Algorithmic Decision Theory and the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    surmount concomitant challenges: -Interoperating/distributed decision makers and decision-making devices. of Energy to the SIAM Science Policy Committee, October 2009. ·Others benefit from a presentation by Massoud ·Today's electric power systems have grown up incrementally and haphazardly ­ they were not designed from

  17. Evaluation of information bundles in engineering decisions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bakir, Niyazi Onur

    2004-11-15

    problems. In static insurance decisions, we analyze the case where the decision maker gathers information about the severity of the risk events and perform ranking of information bundles in a speci?c class. In dynamic insurance problems, we make a...

  18. Decision under uncertainty with limited information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolaidis, Efstratios

    own land in oil rich region · Can sell it for $18,500 or drill · Drilling costs $70,000 · If no oil and countries depends on the ability of their leaders to make good decisions. #12;4 Example Drill for oil · You is found land becomes worthless · Sell or drill? #12;5 Decision tree: Graphical representation of sequence

  19. Decision analysis for seismic retrofit of structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Ryan J.

    2009-05-15

    as well as the seismic hazard at a specific building location is incorporated into the decision-making process. The prescribed methodology is used to study two identical reinforced concrete buildings, one located in Memphis, Tennessee and one in San... in the NMFZ compared to that in California as well as human bias in the decision-making process, a quantitative measure of the economic costs and benefits of seismic retrofitting that considers the probability of occurrence of seismic events is necessary...

  20. ENHANCING DISCRETE CHOICE DEMAND MODELING FOR DECISION-BASED DESIGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wei

    the Decision-Based Design framework. Even though demand modeling techniques exist in market research, little design, in particular that facilitates engineering decision-making. In market research, two major demand1 ENHANCING DISCRETE CHOICE DEMAND MODELING FOR DECISION-BASED DESIGN In Press of ASME Journal

  1. Making Industry Part of the Climate Solution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lapsa, Melissa Voss; Brown, Dr. Marilyn Ann; Jackson, Roderick K; Cox, Matthew; Cortes, Rodrigo; Deitchman, Benjamin H

    2011-06-01

    Improving the energy efficiency of industry is essential for maintaining the viability of domestic manufacturing, especially in a world economy where production is shifting to low-cost, less regulated developing countries. Numerous studies have shown the potential for significant cost-effective energy-savings in U.S. industries, but the realization of this potential is hindered by regulatory, information, workforce, and financial obstacles. This report evaluates seven federal policy options aimed at improving the energy efficiency of industry, grounded in an understanding of industrial decision-making and the barriers to efficiency improvements. Detailed analysis employs the Georgia Institute of Technology's version of the National Energy Modeling System and spreadsheet calculations, generating a series of benefit/cost metrics spanning private and public costs and energy bill savings, as well as air pollution benefits and the social cost of carbon. Two of the policies would address regulatory hurdles (Output-Based Emissions Standards and a federal Energy Portfolio Standard with Combined Heat and Power); three would help to fill information gaps and workforce training needs (the Superior Energy Performance program, Implementation Support Services, and a Small Firm Energy Management program); and two would tackle financial barriers (Tax Lien Financing and Energy-Efficient Industrial Motor Rebates). The social benefit-cost ratios of these policies appear to be highly favorable based on a range of plausible assumptions. Each of the seven policy options has an appropriate federal role, broad applicability across industries, utilizes readily available technologies, and all are administratively feasible.

  2. Decision Summaries | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Information Center Decision Summaries Decision Summaries June 19, 2015 Summary of Decisions - June 15, 2015 - June 19, 2015 Decisions were issued on: - Personnel Security (10...

  3. Piecewise Stationary Markov Decision Processes, I: Constant Gain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shwartz, Adam

    -making models to which we refer as Piecewise Stationary Markov Decision Processes (PSMDPs). In these models, the decision making horizon can be partitioned into intervals, called renewal cycles, of N + 1 epochs. The transition law and reward function are identical over the #12;rst N epochs of each renewal cycle

  4. EVALUATING ENVIRONMENTAL DECISION SUPPORT TOOLS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SULLIVAN, T.

    2004-10-01

    Effective contaminated land management requires a number of decisions addressing a suite of technical, economic, and social concerns. These concerns include human health risks, ecological risks, economic costs, technical feasibility of proposed remedial actions, and the value society places on clean-up and re-use of formerly contaminated lands. Decision making, in the face of uncertainty and multiple and often conflicting objectives, is a vital and challenging role in environmental management that affects a significant economic activity. Although each environmental remediation problem is unique and requires a site-specific analysis, many of the key decisions are similar in structure. This has led many to attempt to develop standard approaches. As part of the standardization process, attempts have been made to codify specialist expertise into decision support tools. This activity is intended to facilitate reproducible and transparent decision making. The process of codifying procedures has also been found to be a useful activity for establishing and rationalizing management processes. This study will have two primary objectives. The first is to develop taxonomy for Decision Support Tools (DST) to provide a framework for understanding the different tools and what they are designed to address in the context of environmental remediation problems. The taxonomy will have a series of subject areas for the DST. From these subjects, a few key areas will be selected for further study and software in these areas will be identified. The second objective, will be to review the existing DST in the selected areas and develop a screening matrix for each software product.

  5. Decision insight into stakeholder conflict for ERN.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siirola, John; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Benz, Zachary O.; Stansbury, Melanie; Richards, Elizabeth H.; Turnley, Jessica Glicken; Warrender, Christina E.; Morrow, James Dan

    2012-02-01

    Participatory modeling has become an important tool in facilitating resource decision making and dispute resolution. Approaches to modeling that are commonly used in this context often do not adequately account for important human factors. Current techniques provide insights into how certain human activities and variables affect resource outcomes; however, they do not directly simulate the complex variables that shape how, why, and under what conditions different human agents behave in ways that affect resources and human interactions related to them. Current approaches also do not adequately reveal how the effects of individual decisions scale up to have systemic level effects in complex resource systems. This lack of integration prevents the development of more robust models to support decision making and dispute resolution processes. Development of integrated tools is further hampered by the fact that collection of primary data for decision-making modeling is costly and time consuming. This project seeks to develop a new approach to resource modeling that incorporates both technical and behavioral modeling techniques into a single decision-making architecture. The modeling platform is enhanced by use of traditional and advanced processes and tools for expedited data capture. Specific objectives of the project are: (1) Develop a proof of concept for a new technical approach to resource modeling that combines the computational techniques of system dynamics and agent based modeling, (2) Develop an iterative, participatory modeling process supported with traditional and advance data capture techniques that may be utilized to facilitate decision making, dispute resolution, and collaborative learning processes, and (3) Examine potential applications of this technology and process. The development of this decision support architecture included both the engineering of the technology and the development of a participatory method to build and apply the technology. Stakeholder interaction with the model and associated data capture was facilitated through two very different modes of engagement, one a standard interface involving radio buttons, slider bars, graphs and plots, while the other utilized an immersive serious gaming interface. The decision support architecture developed through this project was piloted in the Middle Rio Grande Basin to examine how these tools might be utilized to promote enhanced understanding and decision-making in the context of complex water resource management issues. Potential applications of this architecture and its capacity to lead to enhanced understanding and decision-making was assessed through qualitative interviews with study participants who represented key stakeholders in the basin.

  6. Today's accountants are important members of their organizations, using their business expertise, communication, and interpersonal skills, and accounting knowledge to improve organizational decision-making. Accountants play a key role in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    an accountant for a day Search job profiles and position descriptions on the web Talk to alumni of the CSU counselor Get an accounting internship Take an online assessment (see the Career Center website) to see Last Updated - December 2, 2014 TO SC H E D UL E AN AP P O I N T M E N T WIT H YO UR ADV IS O R http

  7. Which Is The Best of Them All – Hard Decisions, Smart Choices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leong, Tze Yun

    How do we make the best decisions in face of voluminous, complex, changing, and uncertain information? We describe a multi-disciplinary effort in developing the next generation decision analytic and engineering technologies. ...

  8. Robust, risk-sensitive, and data-driven control of Markov Decision Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Tallec, Yann

    2007-01-01

    Markov Decision Processes (MDPs) model problems of sequential decision-making under uncertainty. They have been studied and applied extensively. Nonetheless, there are two major barriers that still hinder the applicability ...

  9. The strategic use of an information system in supporting architectural design decisions for a design firm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Lu, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    1985-01-01

    This thesis is to illustrate how a computer-based information system for supporting decision making, that is a Decision Support System (DSS), can be utilized as a strategic tool in architectural design for a firm. The ...

  10. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    6.1.2 Greenhouse Gas Emission Metrics . . . . . . iii 72.1.2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impact Assessment 2.1.3energy payback times, greenhouse gas emissions and external

  11. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    to GHG/kWh of the USA electricity supply chain are coalGHG/kWh of electricity example based on USA. Distributionnuclear (USA) are different because of the electricity mix

  12. Ignacio E. Grossmann Center for Advanced Process Decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    .E. Grossmann, "Global Optimization for Scheduling Refinery Crude Oil Operations," in preparation (2007). Crude Production Planning Problems," Chemical Engineering Progress,", Jan. p.43 (2004) Floudas, C. A., & Lin, X Infrastructure Planning Model," I&EC Res.39, 1955-1971 (2000). Pressure and production curves reservoir Bizet, V

  13. SWARM ROBOTICS Collective decision-making based on social odometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Libre de Bruxelles, Université

    Gutie´rrez Quiro´s S/N, 33600 Asturias, Spain e-mail: luis.magdalena@softcomputing.es 123 Neural Comput

  14. Estimating Production Potentials: Expert Bias in Applied Decision Making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reece, Wendy Jane

    1998-10-01

    A study was conducted to evaluate how workers predict manufacturing production potentials given positively and negatively framed information. Findings indicate the existence of a bias toward positive information and suggest that this bias may be reduced with experience but is never the less maintained. Experts err in the same way non experts do in differentially processing negative and positive information. Additionally, both experts and non experts tend to overestimate production potentials in a positive direction. The authors propose that these biases should be addressed with further research including cross domain analyses and consideration in training, workplace design, and human performance modeling.

  15. Human machine collaborative decision making in a complex optimization system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malasky, Jeremy S

    2005-01-01

    Numerous complex real-world applications are either theoretically intractable or unable to be solved in a practical amount of time. Researchers and practitioners are forced to implement heuristics in solving such problems ...

  16. Managing infrastructure systems: who's heard in the decision making process? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Sheri LaShel

    2004-09-30

    Citizen participation includes those activities by citizens who are not public officials that are more or less intended to influence the actions taken by government (Verba & Nie, 1972). Citizen initiated contacts are one ...

  17. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 129–146, 2008. [89] “Ecoinvent,”Ecoinvent v2.01, Product Ecology Consultants, Swiss Centersoftware.com. [23] “Ecoinvent,” Ecoinvent v2.01, Product

  18. Low Stream Flows: Making Decisions in an Uncertain Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is an assessment method for water diversions needed by small-scale hydroelectric projects, I found that uncertainty-scale hydroelectric projects in BC may become more restricted in the future. Keywords: Instream flow needs; low-flow period; fish habitat; run-of-river hydroelectric generation; climate change; small streams; #12;v

  19. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    LCA of Concentrator Solar Photovoltaics . . Analysis UsingHybrid LCA of Concentrator Solar Photovoltaics To conduct aPhotovoltaics 6.1 Metrics Development for Solar . . . . . . . . . . . .

  20. Discovering indicators in decision making in relation to reconstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christensen, Henrik Bærbak

    "There are common indicators, in relation to the elements of the Architecture Busi- ness Cycle. The Architecture Business Cycle (ABC) [2] for these legacy systems is un- documented and in essence broken viable to reconstruct the architecture in order to let the system live on. This project will try to help

  1. Learned Human-in-the-Loop Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basso, Brandon

    2012-01-01

    A multi-agent UAV mission planningUnmanned Autonomous System. 4 UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle.Results in Cooperative UAV Control”. In: Proceedings of the

  2. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    the economic and environmental impact of energy policy,”ability to reduce environmental impacts and move toward ato minimize cost and environmental impact,” Proceedings of

  3. Factored MDPs for Optimal Prosumer Decision-Making Angelos Angelidakis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chalkiadakis, Georgios

    .ifaamas.org). All rights reserved. producing electricity from (mainly) renewable energy resources, and which has. Paradigms of such community-oriented and renewable energy-relying microgrids are expected to be commonplace a consumer) when selling and buying energy in the emerging smart electricity grid, is of utmost importance

  4. Learned Human-in-the-Loop Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basso, Brandon

    2012-01-01

    that it was human. - Alan Turing Introduction Learning is agreat frequency. - Alan Turing Introduction The Generalized

  5. MODELING GOAL-ORIENTED DECISION MAKING THROUGH COGNITIVE PHASE TRANSITIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KOZMA, ROBERT; PULJIC, MARKO; PERLOVSKY, LEONID

    2009-01-01

    Higher Cognitive Functions was provided by World Scientific.Access to World Scientific is possible through the

  6. Signal processing and decision making in single cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mettetal, Jerome Thomas, II

    2008-01-01

    Cells are not simple passive observers oblivious to their environment, but sense and adapt to environmental changes in order to thrive. In addition to sensing the presence of signals in the environment, cells can extract ...

  7. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    governance in managing ecosystem service trade-offs,” International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental

  8. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    methods of shipping, types of fuel, and end-of-life are allshipping and implementation guidance for the marine fuel

  9. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    Life-Cycle Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .for environmental life cycle assessment,” EnvironmentalStructure of Life Cycle Assessment. The Netherlands: Kluwer

  10. On Decision Making Following an Industrial Energy Audit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muller, M. R.; Barnish, T.; Polomski, P. P.

    1995-01-01

    A survey of 104 manufacturers has been carried out. Each plant had received an energy audit by an EADC at least 24 months prior to the study. The survey attempted to determine why certain recommendations made in the audit report were not implemented...

  11. Supplementary Information A. Decision-making network of spiking neurons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiao-Jing

    (t) = Iext,AMP A(t) + Irec,AMP A(t) + Irec,NMDA(t) + Irec,GABA(t) Iext,AMP A(t) = gext,AMP A(V (t) - VE)Sj,ext,AMP A(t) Irec,AMP A(t) = grec,AMP A(V (t) - VE) NE j=1 wjSj,rec,AMP A(t) Irec,NMDA(t) = grec,NMDA(V (t) - VE) (1 + [Mg2+]exp(-0.062V (t))/3.57) NE j=1 wjSj,NMDA(t) Irec,GABA(t) = gGABA(V (t) - VI) NI j=1 Sj

  12. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    2005 status,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Re- search andsys- tem FLATCON,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and

  13. Decision Making Under Ambiguity: A Belief-function Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Rajendra P.

    1997-01-01

    In this article, we discuss problems with probability theory in representing uncertainties encountered in the "real world" and show how belief functions can overcome these difficulties. Also, we discuss an expected utility ...

  14. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    installed to replace hydro power, in terms of GHG emissions.coal-fired power plant or a hydro-power facility. 4. The GHG

  15. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    of solar-thermal electricity generation,” Solar Energy, vol.solar, wind, other renewables or electricity technologies, and energysolar energy case study showed reductions of over 25% in the transportation and electricity

  16. Systems Medicine: An Integrated Approach with Decision Making Perspective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faryabi, Babak

    2010-01-14

    Two models are proposed to describe interactions among genes, transcription factors, and signaling cascades involved in regulating a cellular sub-system. These models fall within the class of Markovian regulatory networks, and can accommodate...

  17. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    Bibliography LCA development for Solar . . . . . . .4 Iterative Financial Hybrid LCA 4.1diagram versus matrix representations of LCA . Metric design

  18. Stress and decision-making in a Developing world context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devani, Amal

    2014-01-01

    This paper gauges the effect of physiological stress on time preference in the urban poor from informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya. Using a standardized psychosocial stress challenge (the Trier social stress test (TSST)) ...

  19. Environmental life cycle assessment as a decision making tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    Variables (0,1): Drivers selection between electrical motors and steam turbines boilers, air fans and pumps · Bi-objective optimization to consider environmental and economic metrics · Steam and Power Plant #12;PASI 2011 Steam and power plant #12;PASI 2011 Steam and power demands #12;Martínez P. and Eliceche

  20. Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to Congress:Impacts of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Proposal for Standard Market Design Transmission Constraints and Congestion in the Western and Eastern...

  1. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    Concentrator design to minimize LCOE,” Proceedings of thetool at SolFocus [122]. The LCOE cost model provides theinstallation variables, the LCOE metric is a step beyond the

  2. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    Environmental impacts of PV electricity generation - a critical comparison of energy supply options,” Proceedings of the 21st European Photovoltaic Solar

  3. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    and finally onto a triple junction solar cell. The SolFocustimes onto a costly triple-junction PV solar cell. As shown

  4. MRP II-based Production Management Using Intelligent Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bouras, Christos

    to the production manager to revise the unrealistic plans and carry out the complex task of production control is attached to the lowest level of the PMS, namely the production activity control (PAC) subsystem the primitive Material Requirements Planning (MRP) features [22]. A production management system (PMS

  5. A Survey of Web-based Collective Decision Making Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, Jennifer H; Rodriguez, Marko A

    2008-01-01

    choose to link to other web-pages and in aggregate thissystem that organizes web-pages for the purpose of documentWeb is a net- work of web-pages connected through hypertext

  6. Helping Utilities Make Smart Solar Decisions Utility Barriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    of utility-scale solar PV plants. Sandra Burton Regional Director March 8 ­ 9, 2011 Brookhaven National Lab · Considered an R&D activity · Minor facilitation of customer-owned PV #12;Managing Customers Barriers to solar of scale · Shift to revenue generating technology Barrier: Commission's need education on solar benefits

  7. ACES Linking Science, Practice, and Decision Making Conference

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    ACES: A Community on Ecosystem Services represents a dynamic and growing assembly of professionals, researchers, and policy makers involved with ecosystem services. The ACES 2014 Conference brings...

  8. Hippocampalcortical interaction in decision making , Loren M. Frank

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Loren

    . Deliberation in the rat Behavioral observations in naturalistic settings demonstrated that the brown rat

  9. Motor Effort Alters Changes of Mind in Sensorimotor Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franklin, David

    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Farm Research Campus, Ashburn, Virginia, United States: Burk D, Ingram JN, Franklin DW, Shadlen MN, Wolpert DM (2014) Motor Effort Alters Changes of Mind

  10. ADR Lunchtime Program: How Do You Make Decisions?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Speaker: Mary Atwater Psy.D, Licensed Clinical Psychologist, Family Mediator, Child Access Mediator Member: Maryland Program for Mediator Excellence (MPME), Academy of Professional Family Mediators (APFM), Collaborative Dispute Resolution Professionals

  11. Optimal decision making in ventilation control Andrew Kusiak*, Mingyang Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    . In addition, devices such as air-side economizers are also used in ventilation systems to reduce energy Accepted 24 July 2009 Available online 15 August 2009 Keywords: Ventilation Air quality Multi. Using the CO2 concentration as the major indoor air quality index and expected room occupancy schedule

  12. Decision making in the HIV/AIDS supply chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Elaine Phu

    2007-01-01

    During the first two decades of HIV/AIDS awareness, the U.S. and foreign governments responded slowly to the crisis. In contrast today, as the pandemic continues, initiatives of nonprofit organizations have dramatically ...

  13. Smart customization : making evidence-based environmental decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Ryan C. C., 1974-

    2012-01-01

    This thesis examines the environmental benefits created by the manufacture, distribution, and consumer use of products that are mass customized (MC) or produced "on-demand" and tailored to individual end-user preferences. ...

  14. MONITORING AND DECISION MAKING FOR CUCUMBER BEETLES ON MUSKMELON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    of cucumber beetles on muskmelon. · Using black plastic mulch can maintain higher soil tem- peratures

  15. Giraffes, religion and conflict : essays in behavioral decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mochon, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    Essay 1: Objective Scale Anchoring in Sequential Judgments We explore the scope and boundary conditions for anchoring when respondents render sequential judgments in the absence of an explicit comparative standard. We show ...

  16. Using Emotions to Enhance Decision-Making Dimitrios Antos1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeffer, Avi

    Charles River Analytics Cambridge, MA 1 antos@fas.harvard.edu, 2 apfeffer@cra.com Abstract We present emotions." The end result is a projection of the agent's long-run utility function, which might be too complex to optimize or even represent, to a time-varying valuation function that is being my- opically

  17. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    models for reverse logistics: A review,” European Journal ofbeen conducted for reverse logistic systems comprised of

  18. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    European Commission, “Germany energy mix fact sheet, http://Solar Energy Conference, Dresden, Germany, 2006. [114] V.Germany: an example of geographical variability in life-cycle assessment,” Applied Energy,

  19. Learned Human-in-the-Loop Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basso, Brandon

    2012-01-01

    An Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle System for Sensing andsystem for unmanned aerial vehicles executing collaborativeControl of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Collaborative Sens- ing

  20. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    kg-CO 2eq /kWh for Puertollano, Phoenix, Sydney, Mountainin Phoenix, Arizona (Direct Normal Insolation of 6.9 kWh/m5, 6, 7 kWh/m 2 /day in Puertollano, Phoenix, Sydney, Moun-

  1. http://mdm.sagepub.com/ Medical Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    Will Penny and David Frost Neural Networks in Clinical Medicine Published by: http Medicine WILL PENNY, PhD, DAVID FROST, MB, PhD Neural networks are parallel, distributed, adaptive

  2. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    Life-Cycle Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .variability in life-cycle assessment,” Applied Energy, vol.input-output life-cycle assessment model,” International

  3. Sequential Decision Making in Non-stochastic Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernethy, Jacob Duncan

    2011-01-01

    Kakade, A. Rakhlin, and A. Tewari, “High-probability boundsK. Sridharan, and A. Tewari, “Online Learning: BeyondBartlett, A. Rakhlin, and A. Tewari, “Optimal strategies and

  4. EM Risk and Cleanup Decision Making Presentation by Mark Gilbertson

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996 EM Health and Intercom Energy,of91:DraftEnergyofAcquisitionRISK AND

  5. Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary Analysis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25,EVtheEnergyPrepared for Western

  6. 2007: make or break for emissions trading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitelli, A.

    2006-11-15

    With the Kyoto Protocol's first compliance period beginning in 2008, much of 2007 will be focussed on implementing the institutions needed to ensure the Protocol's effectiveness. The big unknown is whether governments and international bodies can make tough decisions in time to let the emissions market function effectively to reduce greenhouse gases.

  7. Northeast Climate Science Center Webinar- Making Decision in Complex Landscapes: Headwater Stream Management Across Multiple Agencies Using Structured Decision Making

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    There is growing evidence that headwater stream ecosystems are vulnerable to changing climate and land use, but their conservation is challenged by the need to address the threats at a landscape...

  8. A Bayesian Decision Model for Intelligent Routing in Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marques, Antonio Garcia

    A Bayesian Decision Model for Intelligent Routing in Sensor Networks Roc´io Arroyo-Valles, Antonio are considered in a Bayesian model in order to establish intelligent decision rules that make the network economize in crucial resources. I. INTRODUCTION Recent advances in sensor technology and wireless com

  9. KNOWLEDGE-BASED DECISION SUPPORT IN OIL WELL DRILLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aamodt, Agnar

    KNOWLEDGE-BASED DECISION SUPPORT IN OIL WELL DRILLING Combining general and case-specific knowledge of Computer and Information Science. agnar.aamodt@idi.ntnu.no Abstract: Oil well drilling is a complex process for information handling, decision-making, and on-the-job learning for drilling personnel in their daily working

  10. Decision support systems for automated terminal area air traffic control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pararas, John Demetrios

    1982-01-01

    This work studies the automation of the terminal area Air Traffic Management and Control (ATM/C) system. The ATM/C decision-making process is analyzed and broken down into a number of "automation functions". Each of these ...

  11. Establishment of Management Decisions on Office of Inspector General Reports

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2001-12-17

    To establish the responsibilities and requirements for Department of Energy (DOE) action required to make management decisions on Office of Inspector General (OIG) audit and public inspection reports. Cancels DOE 2320.2B

  12. Establishment of Management Decisions on Office of Inspector General Reports

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-04-19

    The order establishes the responsibilities and requirements for Department of Energy elements to make management decisions on Office of Inspector General audits and public inspection reports. Supersedes DOE O 221.3.

  13. Including costs of supply chain risk in strategic sourcing decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Avani

    2009-01-01

    Cost evaluations do not always include the costs associated with risks when organizations make strategic sourcing decisions. This research was conducted to establish and quantify the impact of risks and risk-related costs ...

  14. Making silicon stronger.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyce, Brad Lee

    2010-11-01

    Silicon microfabrication has seen many decades of development, yet the structural reliability of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) is far from optimized. The fracture strength of Si MEMS is limited by a combination of poor toughness and nanoscale etch-induced defects. A MEMS-based microtensile technique has been used to characterize the fracture strength distributions of both standard and custom microfabrication processes. Recent improvements permit 1000's of test replicates, revealing subtle but important deviations from the commonly assumed 2-parameter Weibull statistical model. Subsequent failure analysis through a combination of microscopy and numerical simulation reveals salient aspects of nanoscale flaw control. Grain boundaries, for example, suffer from preferential attack during etch-release thereby forming failure-critical grain-boundary grooves. We will discuss ongoing efforts to quantify the various factors that affect the strength of polycrystalline silicon, and how weakest-link theory can be used to make worst-case estimates for design.

  15. Record of Decision Available

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE has recently published its Record of Decision announcing and explaining DOE’s chosen project alternative and describing any commitments for mitigating potential environmental impacts. The NEPA...

  16. Agent-based modeling of human decision-making behavior within Spatial Decision Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sengupta, Raja

    on modeling humans as spatial "agents" that impact the landscape in some fashion. For example, considerable characteristics of the individual, such as age and income, and spatial characteristics of their land holdings for a period of ten years. Modeling Farmers as Agents Traditionally, neoclassical economic theories and profit-maximizing

  17. The Tysons Tunnel decision : a case study of suboptimal decision-making in major transit investments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blizzard, Katherine M. (Katherine Margaret)

    2015-01-01

    In 2014 Washington, D.C.'s Metrorail system opened Phase 1 of its new Silver Line, which extends the current system to include significant portions of Fairfax County in Northern Virginia. This extension runs through Tysons ...

  18. Sustainable Transportation Decision-Making: Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) and Total Cost Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hwan Yong

    2013-04-04

    Building a new infrastructure facility requires a significant amount of time and expense. This is particularly true for investments in transportation for their longstanding and great degree of impact on society. The scope ...

  19. Algorithmic Decision Theory and Risk-based Decision Making in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or automated). ·Long tradition of algorithmic methods in logistics and planning dating at least to World War II of vessels. August 2012 9 #12;10 Fisheries Law Enforcement · Our methods using machine learning and logistic other goals of fisheries law enforcement: Balanced deterrent Balanced policing Balanced maintenance

  20. Making Weighty Decisions: Do Pre-Service Teachers Understand the Impact of Data-Driven Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Lauren E.

    2010-07-14

    . This course requires field-based experience hours that include practica related assignments relating to behavior and instructional interventions. Educational Psychology, INST 301, taught the application of psychology to problems of teaching, nature...

  1. Implementing Motor Decision Plans 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, R. N.

    2001-01-01

    The first step to reducing energy costs and increasing reliability in motors is to establish a motor plan. A motor plan allows decisions to be made in advance of motor failure, and increases the options available. By contrast, most motor decisions...

  2. Decision Fusion for Patch-Based Face Recognition Berkay Topcu and Hakan Erdogan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdogan, Hakan

    Decision Fusion for Patch-Based Face Recognition Berkay Topc¸u and Hakan Erdogan Faculty. Feature fusion and decision fusion are two distinct ways to make use of the extracted local features. Apart from the well-known decision fusion methods, a novel approach for calculating weights

  3. Negotiation of Multilateral Security Decisions for Grid Computing Li Zhou Clifford Neuman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Kai

    Negotiation of Multilateral Security Decisions for Grid Computing Li Zhou Clifford Neuman Architecture that facilitates the collaboration in making security decisions for grid services. In particular security decisions according to the level of trust among grid service providers. 1. Introduction The grid

  4. Decision Models for Bulk Energy Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Decision Models for Bulk Energy Transportation Networks James D. McCalley August 23, 2005 #12, and Electric Transportation Systems (1) What energy flow patterns would yield significantly improved energy (ISU - Randy Larabee) · City of Ames (Ames - Merlin Hove) · MidAmerican Energy (Des Moines - Alan O

  5. Improving Site-Specific Radiological Performance Assessments - 13431

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tauxe, John; Black, Paul; Catlett, Kate; Lee, Robert; Perona, Ralph; Stockton, Tom; Sully, Mike

    2013-07-01

    An improved approach is presented for conducting complete and defensible radiological site-specific performance assessments (PAs) to support radioactive waste disposal decisions. The basic tenets of PA were initiated some thirty years ago, focusing on geologic disposals and evaluating compliance with regulations. Some of these regulations were inherently probabilistic (i.e., addressing uncertainty in a quantitative fashion), such as the containment requirements of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) 40 CFR 191, Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes, Chap. 191.13 [1]. Methods of analysis were developed to meet those requirements, but at their core early PAs used 'conservative' parameter values and modeling approaches. This limited the utility of such PAs to compliance evaluation, and did little to inform decisions about optimizing disposal, closure and long-term monitoring and maintenance, or, in general, maintaining doses 'as low as reasonably achievable' (ALARA). This basic approach to PA development in the United States was employed essentially unchanged through the end of the 20. century, principally by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Performance assessments developed in support of private radioactive waste disposal operations, regulated by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and its agreement states, were typically not as sophisticated. Discussion of new approaches to PA is timely, since at the time of this writing, the DOE is in the midst of revising its Order 435.1, Radioactive Waste Management [2], and the NRC is revising 10 CFR 61, Licensing Requirements for Land Disposal of Radioactive Waste [3]. Over the previous decade, theoretical developments and improved computational technology have provided the foundation for integrating decision analysis (DA) concepts and objective-focused thinking, plus a Bayesian approach to probabilistic modeling and risk analysis, to guide improvements in PA. This decision-making approach, [4, 5, 6] provides a transparent formal framework for using a value- or objective-focused approach to decision-making. DA, as an analytical means to implement structured decision making, provides a context for both understanding how uncertainty affects decisions and for targeting uncertainty reduction. The proposed DA approach improves defensibility and transparency of decision-making. The DA approach is fully consistent with the need to perform realistic modeling (rather than conservative modeling), including evaluation of site-specific factors. Instead of using generic stylized scenarios for radionuclide fate and transport and for human exposures to radionuclides, site-specific scenarios better represent the advantages and disadvantages of alternative disposal sites or engineered designs, thus clarifying their differences as well as providing a sound basis for evaluation of site performance. The full DA approach to PA is described, from explicitly incorporating societal values through stakeholder involvement to model building. Model building involves scoping by considering features, events, processes, and exposure scenarios (FEPSs), development of a conceptual site model (CSM), translation into numerical models and subsequent computation, and model evaluation. These are implemented in a cycle of uncertainty analysis, sensitivity analysis and value of information analysis so that uncertainty can be reduced until sufficient confidence is gained in the decisions to be made. This includes the traditional focus on hydrogeological processes, but also places emphasis on other FEPSs such as biotically-induced transport and human exposure phenomena. The significance of human exposure scenarios is emphasized by modifying the traditional acronym 'FEPs' to include them, hence 'FEPSs'. The radioactive waste community is also recognizing that disposal sites are to be considered a national (or even global) resource. As such, there is a pressing need to optimize their utility withi

  6. Computeer-based decision support tools for evaluation of actions affecting flow and water quality in the San Joaquin Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    1993-01-01

    This document is a preliminary effort to draw together some of the important simulation models that are available to Reclamation or that have been developed by Reclamation since 1987. This document has also attempted to lay out a framework by which these models might be used both for the purposes for which they were originally intended and to support the analysis of other issues that relate to the hydrology and to salt and water quality management within the San Joaquin Valley. To be successful as components of a larger Decision Support System the models should to be linked together using custom designed interfaces that permit data sharing between models and that are easy to use. Several initiatives are currently underway within Reclamation to develop GIS - based and graphics - based decision support systems to improve the general level of understanding of the models currently in use, to standardize the methodology used in making planning and operations studies and to permit improved data analysis, interpretation and display. The decision support systems should allow greater participation in the planning process, allow the analysis of innovative actions that are currently difficult to study with present models and should lead to better integrated and more comprehensive plans and policy decisions in future years.

  7. Environmental Decision Support for Manufacturing Technology Felipe Roman, Bert Bras1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Department of Energy's (DoE) Industrial Assessment Centers (IACs), which provide free energy, waste goals and cascade them through all levels of management decision making. One decision-making level-mail: bert.bras@me.gatech.edu #12;2 GRI - Global Reporting Initiative IAC - Industrial Assessment Center ISO

  8. Artificial Intelligence Decision and Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polani, Daniel

    Artificial Intelligence Decision and Information Daniel Polani Artificial Intelligence ­ p.1/26 Decisions: The Fundamental Task Motivation: everything in Artificial Intelligence is basical about taking Intellige Decision: What Door to Open? Artificial Intelligence ­ p.3/26 Bottom Line Clear: decision about

  9. Applying an improved rapid impact assessment matrix method to strategic environmental assessment of urban planning in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Wei Xie, Yuanbo Hao, Fanghua

    2014-04-01

    Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) has become an increasingly important decision-support tool for providing information on the environmental implications of a policy, plan, or program. The goal is to safeguard the environment and promote sustainable development at the strategic level. Despite major progress in implementing SEA practices internationally, developing countries, such as China, often lag behind in applying SEA methodology. Lack of available data and time constraints arising from tight schedules create problems. The rapid impact assessment matrix (RIAM) is a potential resource for breaking through such difficulties. Our analysis of RIAM applications suggested that it could become a tool for evaluating strategic alternatives because of its applicability in interdisciplinary settings, its transparency, and its short implementation timeframe. To make it more suitable for the SEA context, we have developed two major improvements to the conventional RIAM process: assignment of weights to assessment indicators and the development of an integrated environmental assessment score (IES). The improved RIAM process was employed in an SEA of the development plan for the Nansha District in Guangzhou, the capital city of Guangdong Province in China. It was used to assess five alternatives for development in Wanqingsha (WQS), a subunit of Nansha, where important ecological resources are located and where industrial development could impact the air quality in the neighboring Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). The evaluation identified WQS-A04 as the preferred alternative. This alternative involved a minimal amount of industrial development – 10% compared with the most intense development alternative – and included important wetland preservation plans. The assessment results have been incorporated into the officially approved development plan for Nansha. The improved RIAM methodology is well adapted to the technical aims of SEA and decision-making structures in China. It offers the potential for delivering timely and quality results to decision-making processes. To achieve the desired efficiency, it is recommended that an SEA procedure take into account findings acquired from an improved RIAM application at an early stage, then, at a later stage, results from more comprehensive assessments conducted using more sophisticated methods should be added, if time and data are available. - Highlights: • RIAM is a potential SEA tool due to its multidisciplinary setting and rapid process. • Weighting index and computing IES are raised for improving RIAM when applied to SEAs. • The improved RIAM boosts SEA effectiveness by timely responding to decision-making. • The improved RIAM is more suitable to an SEA bothered by tight time or data shortage. • The improved RIAM adapts to the technical aims of SEA and decision features in China.

  10. Record of Decision for Amchitka Surface Closure, Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-08-01

    This Record of Decision has been prepared to document the remedial actions taken on Amchitka Island to stabilize contaminants associated with drilling mud pits generated as a result of nuclear testing operations conducted on the island. This document has been prepared in accordance with the recommended outline in the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation guidance on decision documentation under the Site Cleanup Rules (18 AAC 75.325-18 AAC 75.390) (ADEC 1999). It also describes the decision-making process used to establish the remedial action plans and defines the associated human health and ecological risks for the remediation.

  11. Enabling effective product launch decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akamphon, Sappinandana

    2008-01-01

    The present work looks into the question of optimizing the performance of product launch decisions-in particular, the decisions of product development duration and manufacturing ramp-up. It presents an innovative model for ...

  12. Decision support for disaster management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolland, Erik; Patterson, Raymond A.; Ward, Keith; Dodin, Bajis

    2010-01-01

    of the disaster management organizations. Therefore, thishybrid meta-heuristics. Keywords Disaster management . Meta-heuristics . Project management . Scheduling . Decision

  13. Ergonomic Improvements for Foundries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank Peters; Patrick Patterson

    2002-06-18

    The goal of this project was to make improvements to the production systems of the steel casting industry through ergonomic improvements. Because of the wide variety of products, the wide range of product sizes, and the relatively small quantities of any particular product, manual operations remain a vital part of the production systems of the steel casting companies. Ergonomic improvements will assist the operators to more efficiently and consistently produce quality products.

  14. Arsenic in Bangladesh Decision analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelman, Andrew

    Arsenic in Bangladesh Decision analysis Regression models Take-home points Arsenic and old models 2007 Andrew Gelman Arsenic and old models #12;Arsenic in Bangladesh Decision analysis Regression models Take-home points Contents Aresenic in Bangladesh Decision analysis Regression models Andrew Gelman

  15. Empowering Users To Become Designers: Using Meta-Design Environments to Enable and Motivate Sustainable Energy Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gerhard

    Sustainable Energy Decisions Holger Dick, Hal Eden, Gerhard Fischer, and Jason Zietz 1 University of Colorado individuals and communities more broadly in understanding and making more sustainable choices regarding energy-in-use, decision-making, energy sustainability ACM Classification Keywords INTRODUCTION There is overwhelming

  16. Research discoveries can improve people's health.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyu, Mei-Ling

    Research discoveries can improve people's health. Before you decide to become a research volunteer the pros and cons. It's Your Decision For more information call: Office for Human Research Protections Toll-0527 E-mail: ohrp@osophs.dhhs.gov BECOMING A RESEARCH VOLUNTEER: IT'S YOUR DECISION This space reserved

  17. Better Buildings Alliance Solar Decision Guide

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Businesses considering implementing solar PV may encounter widespread geographic differences regarding utility incentive structures (buy-down incentives, performance based incentives, feed-in tariffs, etc.), utility policies (net metering, interconnection requirements), regulatory structures, and permitting requirements. They might also have uncertainty about how to assess the different ownership structures (PPA, lease, own, etc.). The Solar Decision Guide can help companies navigate this complex environment to determine if investing in solar makes financial sense and to identify the regions that offer the most promising returns on solar investment.

  18. Periodicals collection management using a decision support system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Compton, M.L.; Moser, E.C.

    1993-12-31

    Sandia National Laboratories is a multiprogram national laboratory established in 1949. The Library currently uses DOBIS for its automated system, including the Periodicals Control function for periodical check-in. DOBIS performs processing and control functions adequately, but could not meet our reporting needs. Therefore the Library`s Periodicals Decision Team decided that they needed another ``system`` for collection management. A Periodicals Decision Support System was created using information downloaded from DOBIS and uploaded into dBASE IV. The Periodical Decision Support System functions as an information-processing system that has aided us in making collection management decisions for periodicals. It certainly allows us to do interactive ad-hoc analysis; although there are no modeling tools currently incorporated in the system. We hope that these modeling tools will come later. We have been gathering information and developing needed reports to achieve this goal.

  19. A Decision Support System for Optimum Use of Fertilizers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoskinson, Reed Louis; Hess, John Richard; Fink, Raymond Keith

    1999-07-01

    The Decision Support System for Agriculture (DSS4Ag) is an expert system being developed by the Site-Specific Technologies for Agriculture (SST4Ag) precision farming research project at the INEEL. DSS4Ag uses state-of-the-art artificial intelligence and computer science technologies to make spatially variable, site-specific, economically optimum decisions on fertilizer use. The DSS4Ag has an open architecture that allows for external input and addition of new requirements and integrates its results with existing agricultural systems’ infrastructures. The DSS4Ag reflects a paradigm shift in the information revolution in agriculture that is precision farming. We depict this information revolution in agriculture as an historic trend in the agricultural decision-making process.

  20. Decision Support Systems Marek J. Druzdzel and Roger R. Flynn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Druzdzel, Marek J.

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Summary 12 2 #12;Introduction Making decisions concerning complex systems (e.g., the management units; or the control of nuclear power plants) often strains our cognitive capabilities. Even though used as a synonym for DSS is knowledge-based systems, which refers to their attempt to formalize domain

  1. school of computing, informatics, and decision systems engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with a growing focus on health informatics, urban services and global logistics is also attracting new students combined strengths in computing, modeling and decision making; new levels of energy and activity to an investment from the university, we were able to acquire 9,000 square feet of space in our building

  2. SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan their feedstocks displaces food crops. #12;298 SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS CONCLUSION: KEY FINDINGS. · Biofuels can make limited but significant contributions to a sustainable transportation energy supply

  3. Water Research Foundation Project 4090 Decision Support System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Arturo A.

    is to develop an energy management Decision Support System (DSS) to help water utilities make better and more Continents #12;Project Background > Energy is in embodied in every facet of utility operations, management, and planning > Climate change associated with greenhouse gas emissions have a substantial impact

  4. Joint production and economic retention quantity decisions in capacitated production systems serving multiple market segments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katariya, Abhilasha Prakash

    2009-05-15

    In this research, we consider production/inventory management decisions of a rmthat sells its product in two market segments during a nite planning horizon. In thebeginning of each period, the rm makes a decision on how much to produce basedon...

  5. Preservation Decisions: Terms and Conditions Apply Challenges, Misperceptions and Lessons Learned in Preservation Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Management, Measurement, Performance 1. INTRODUCTION Decision making in digital preservation is a delicate is-depth knowledge of operational details. At the core of digital preservation is the question of infor- mationPreservation Decisions: Terms and Conditions Apply Challenges, Misperceptions and Lessons Learned

  6. When Do Their Casualties Count? Exploring Wartime Decisions that Pit Security Against Harm 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roblyer, Dwight Andrew

    2011-02-22

    This dissertation offers a new understanding about wartime decision making in the face of likely, but unintended, harm to foreign civilians. It empirically identifies conditions under which leaders in democratic nations ...

  7. Adaptive Planning for Markov Decision Processes with Uncertain Transition Models via Incremental Feature Dependency Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geramifard, Alborz

    Solving large scale sequential decision making problems without prior knowledge of the state transition model is a key problem in the planning literature. One approach to tackle this problem is to learn the state transition ...

  8. COMPARING DECISION SUPPORT TOOLS FOR CARGO SCREENING PROCESSES Peer-Olaf Siebers(a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    the decision making is Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) (Hanley and Spash 1993). While CBA is useful in our case monetary inputs into account. It can use the results of a CBA as monetary input and service quality

  9. From data to decisions through new interfaces between optimization and statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallus, Nathan

    2015-01-01

    The growing availability of data is creating opportunities for making better decisions, but in many circumstances it is yet unknown how to correctly leverage this data in systematic and optimal ways. In this thesis, we ...

  10. Practical reinforcement learning using representation learning and safe exploration for large scale Markov decision processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geramifard, Alborz, 1980-

    2012-01-01

    While creating intelligent agents who can solve stochastic sequential decision making problems through interacting with the environment is the promise of Reinforcement Learning (RL), scaling existing RL methods to realistic ...

  11. Episodic future thinking and episodic counterfactual thinking: Intersections between memory and decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szpunar, Karl K.

    Episodic future thinking and episodic counterfactual thinking: Intersections between memory: Available online xxxx Keywords: Episodic memory Episodic future thinking Episodic counterfactual thinking into the relationship between memory and decision making. One line of research concerns episodic future thinking, which

  12. Dynamic diagnostic and decision procedures under uncertainty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baranov, V.V.

    1995-01-01

    In this paper, we consider uncertainty that arises when the true state x {element_of} E is not accessible to direct observation and remains unknown. Instead, we observe some features {theta} {element_of} {Theta} that carry a certain information about the true state. This information is described by the conditional distribution P({Theta}{vert_bar}E), which we call the linkage distribution. Regarding this distribution we assume that it exists but is unknown. This leads to uncertainty with respect to states from E and the linkage distribution P({Theta}{vert_bar}E), which we denote by NEP. The substantive problem can be stated as follows: from observations of the features {theta}{element_of}{Theta} made at each time instant n = 1,2,...,recognize the state x {element_of} E, identify the linkage distribution P, and use the results of recognition and identification to choose a decision y {element_of} Y so that the decision process is optimal in some sense. State recognition is the subject of diagnostics. The uncertainty NEP thus generates a problem of diagnostics and dynamic decision making.

  13. Latent effects decision analysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cooper, J. Arlin (Albuquerque, NM); Werner, Paul W. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2004-08-24

    Latent effects on a system are broken down into components ranging from those far removed in time from the system under study (latent) to those which closely effect changes in the system. Each component is provided with weighted inputs either by a user or from outputs of other components. A non-linear mathematical process known as `soft aggregation` is performed on the inputs to each component to provide information relating to the component. This information is combined in decreasing order of latency to the system to provide a quantifiable measure of an attribute of a system (e.g., safety) or to test hypotheses (e.g., for forensic deduction or decisions about various system design options).

  14. Method for making nanomaterials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fan, Hongyou; Wu, Huimeng

    2013-06-04

    A method of making a nanostructure by preparing a face centered cubic-ordered metal nanoparticle film from metal nanoparticles, such as gold and silver nanoparticles, exerting a hydrostatic pressure upon the film at pressures of several gigapascals, followed by applying a non-hydrostatic stress perpendicularly at a pressure greater than approximately 10 GPA to form an array of nanowires with individual nanowires having a relatively uniform length, average diameter and density.

  15. Making IGCC slag valuable

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wicker, K.

    2005-12-01

    All indications are that integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) technology will play a major role in tomorrow's generation industry. But before it does, some by-products of the process must be dealt with, for example unburned carbon that can make IGCC slag worthless. Charah Inc.'s processing system, used at Tampa Electric's Polk Station for years, segregates the slag's constituents by size, producing fuel and building materials. 3 figs.

  16. Stators with improved conductor assembly and method of making same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dang, Dang Dinh; Blissenbach, Rolf; Schauer, David; Wattleworth, John; Milani, Michael; Hatch, Erik

    2013-07-30

    A stator includes a stator core, a plurality of slots, and a conductor. The plurality of slots are formed within the stator core. The conductor is disposed continuously within at least two of the plurality of openings.

  17. Small Improvements to Make Big Difference - News Feature | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541 *Impact NeutronSmall Business- News ReleasesSmall

  18. Improved Methods for Making Intermetallic Anodes | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancingREnergy ToolsCoordinationDepartment of EnergyMethods

  19. Develop Improved Methods for Making Intermetallic Anodes | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8, 20153DanielthroughDetermining PriceAbuse |

  20. Develop Improved Methods of Making Intermetallic Anodes | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8, 20153DanielthroughDetermining PriceAbuse |Energy of

  1. Tool Improves Electricity Demand Predictions to Make More Room for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCEDInstallers/ContractorsPhotovoltaicsState ofSavings forTitle XVII FinalRenewables | Department of

  2. An object-oriented approach to site characterization decision support

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, R.

    1995-06-01

    Effective decision support for site characterization is key to determining the nature and extent of contamination and the associated human and environmental risks. Site characterization data, however, present particular problems to technical analysts and decision-makers. Such data are four dimensional, incorporating temporal and spatial components. Their sheer volume can be daunting -- sites with hundreds of monitoring wells and thousands of samples sent for laboratory analyses are not uncommon. Data are derived from a variety of sources including laboratory analyses, non-intrusive geophysical surveys, historical information, bore logs, in-field estimates of key physical parameters such as aquifer transmissivity, soil moisture content, depth-to-water table, etc. Ultimately, decisions have to be made based on data that are always incomplete, often confusing, inaccurate, or inappropriate, and occasionally wrong. In response to this challenge, two approaches to environmental decision support have arisen, Data Quality Objectives (DQOS) and the Observational Approach (OA). DQOs establish criteria for data collection by clearly defining the decisions that need to be made, the uncertainty that can be tolerated, and the type and amount of data that needs to be collected to satisfy the uncertainty requirements. In practice, DQOs are typically based on statistical measures. The OA accepts the fact that the process of characterizing and remediating contaminated sites is always uncertain. Decision-making with the OA is based on what is known about a site, with contingencies developed for potential future deviations from the original assumptions about contamination nature, extent, and risks posed.

  3. Data, Data, Data: University Strategy for Improving Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and employment information) · Door and gate security (approved locations you can enter (if electronic)) · Library insurance · Bookstores · Hazardous materials tracking · Surplus and inventory management · Asset management

  4. Improving Risk Assessment to Support State Energy Infrastructure Decision

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancingREnergyDepartment of EnergyEdition |

  5. Make aromatics from LPG

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doolan, P.C. ); Pujado, P.R. )

    1989-09-01

    Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) consists mainly of the propane and butane fraction recovered from gas fields, associated petroleum gas and refinery operations. Apart from its use in steam cracking and stream reforming, LPG has few petrochemical applications. The relative abundance of LPG and the strong demand for aromatics - benzene, toluene and xylenes (BTX) - make it economically attractive to produce aromatics via the aromatization of propane and butanes. This paper describes the Cyclar process, which is based on a catalyst formulation developed by BP and which uses UOP's CCR catalyst regeneration technology, converts propane, butanes or mixtures thereof to petrochemical-quality aromatics in a single step.

  6. Ribbon cutting makes history

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100Nationalquestionnaires 0serialIndustrial ConsumptionRibbon cutting makes

  7. To Inline or Not to Inline? Enhanced Inlining Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amaral, José Nelson

    @cs.ualberta.ca Abstract| The decision to inline a procedure in the Open Research Compiler (ORC) was based on a temperature introduce two new heuristics to enhance the ORC inlining heuristics: adaptation and cycle density called infrequently. We implemented our improved heuristics in the ORC and tested them for the Intel

  8. Analytical Analysis of Data and Decision Fusion in Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terwilliger, Mark

    Analytical Analysis of Data and Decision Fusion in Sensor Networks Zille Huma Kamal, Mohammad Ali Michigan University Kalamazoo, MI, USA Abstract - MEMS technology has improved such that the capabilities of large sensor devices can now be encompassed in devices that are the size of a penny. These resource

  9. An Analysis of Decision-centric Architectural Design Approaches Wanfeng Bu, Antony Tang, Jun Han

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jun

    An Analysis of Decision-centric Architectural Design Approaches Wanfeng Bu, Antony Tang, Jun Han this analysis we have identified areas of improvements such as ASR identification, design reasoning process Emerging research suggests that software architecture can be represented as a set of design decisions

  10. Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson, D.A.

    1992-01-01

    This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The mean'' value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility's net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

  11. MIDAS : minor incident decision analysis software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horng, Tze-Chieh, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    MIDAS is the minor incident decision analysis software that acts as an advisory tool for plant decision makers and operators to analyze the available decision alternatives for resolving minor incidents. The minor incidents ...

  12. Instructors reserves the right to make changes during the semester. ACCT 314 COST ACCOUNTING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    1 Instructors reserves the right to make changes during the semester. ACCT 314 ­ COST ACCOUNTING _____________________________________________________________________________________________ Required Texts and Materials: Managerial Accounting ­ Datar & Rajan, 2014. Course Objective: Cost accounting provides key information to managers for planning, control and decision making, as well as costing

  13. Procuring Stationary Fuel Cells For CHP: A Guide for Federal Facility Decision Makers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stinton, David P; McGervey, Joseph; Curran, Scott

    2011-11-01

    Federal agency leaders are expressing growing interest in using innovative fuel cell combined heat and power (CHP) technology at their sites, motivated by both executive branch sustainability targets and a desire to lead by example in the transition to a clean energy economy. Fuel cell CHP can deliver reliable electricity and heat with 70% to 85% efficiency. Implementing this technology can be a high efficiency, clean energy solution for agencies striving to meet ambitious sustainability requirements with limited budgets. Fuel cell CHP systems can use natural gas or renewable fuels, such as biogas. Procuring Stationary Fuel Cells for CHP: A Guide for Federal Facility Decision Makers presents an overview of the process for planning and implementing a fuel cell CHP project in a concise, step-by-step format. This guide is designed to help agency leaders turn their interest in fuel cell technology into successful installations. This guide concentrates on larger (100 kW and greater) fuel cell CHP systems and does not consider other fuel cell applications such as cars, forklifts, backup power supplies or small generators (<100 kW). Because fuel cell technologies are rapidly evolving and have high up front costs, their deployment poses unique challenges. The electrical and thermal output of the CHP system must be integrated with the building s energy systems. Innovative financing mechanisms allow agencies to make a make versus buy decision to maximize savings. This guide outlines methods that federal agencies may use to procure fuel cell CHP systems with little or no capital investment. Each agency and division, however, has its own set of procurement procedures. This guide was written as a starting point, and it defers to the reader s set of rules if differences exist. The fuel cell industry is maturing, and project developers are gaining experience in working with federal agencies. Technology improvements, cost reductions, and experienced project developers are making fuel cell projects easier to put into service. In this environment, federal decision makers can focus on being smart buyers of fuel cell energy instead of attempting to become experts in fuel cell technology. For agencies that want to pursue a fuel cell CHP this guide presents a four step process for a successful project. 1. Perform a preliminary screening of the energy needs energy costs and incentives. 2. Compare a detailed project plan. 3. Make a financing and contracting decision. 4. Execute the project plan including financing, installation, and operation. The simplest procurement method is designated funding for the outright purchase of the fuel cell CHP system, although this is usually not the most cost-effective option. This guide describes the following financing options: Power purchase agreement Energy savings performance contract Utility energy services contract Enhanced use lease Fuel cell CHP technology can help federal facility managers comply with agency objectives for reducing energy consumption and air pollution emissions. Fuel cells do not generate particulate pollutants, unburned hydrocarbons or the gases that produce acid rain. Fuel cells emit less carbon dioxide (CO2) than other, less efficient technologies and use of renewable fuels can make them carbon neutral. Fuel cell CHP technology can deliver reliable electricity and heat with high efficiency (70% to 85%) in a small physical footprint with little noise, making it a cost-effective option for federal facilities.

  14. Productivity Improvement of a Manual Assembly Line 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yerasi, Pranavi

    2012-10-19

    The current project addresses the productivity improvement of a manual assembly line by making use of operations analysis in the framework of Lean production. A methodology is proposed that helps to improve the productivity of any production process...

  15. Financial Implications of Engineering Decisions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslan, Veysel

    2012-10-19

    planning and engineering decisions have detrimental effects on communities as they attempt to recover and rebuild. While there is an inherent difficulty in the quantification of the cost of human life, interruption in business operations, and damage...

  16. Making energy mortgages work

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luboff, J.A.

    1995-05-01

    At a time when many energy efficiency projects face an uncertain future, home energy ratings and energy mortgages are receiving more attention than ever. Will enthusiasm in the industry and new programs from conventional lenders and the federal government finally open up the market? This article describes the energy morgage marketplace, how energy mortages work, and what the future holds. Topics include the following: Who`s who and what`s what in the EM marketplace; initial Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae guidelines; past and present home energy rating system; how do you score a house; how an energy mortage works; energy improvement loans; sample rating certificate; fixing the system; Colorado`s conventional market approach; US DOE`s pilot group; energy mortages set to take off.

  17. Decision support models for solid waste management: Review and game-theoretic approaches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karmperis, Athanasios C.; Aravossis, Konstantinos; Tatsiopoulos, Ilias P.; Sotirchos, Anastasios

    2013-05-15

    Highlights: ? The mainly used decision support frameworks for solid waste management are reviewed. ? The LCA, CBA and MCDM models are presented and their strengths, weaknesses, similarities and possible combinations are analyzed. ? The game-theoretic approach in a solid waste management context is presented. ? The waste management bargaining game is introduced as a specific decision support framework. ? Cooperative and non-cooperative game-theoretic approaches to decision support for solid waste management are discussed. - Abstract: This paper surveys decision support models that are commonly used in the solid waste management area. Most models are mainly developed within three decision support frameworks, which are the life-cycle assessment, the cost–benefit analysis and the multi-criteria decision-making. These frameworks are reviewed and their strengths and weaknesses as well as their critical issues are analyzed, while their possible combinations and extensions are also discussed. Furthermore, the paper presents how cooperative and non-cooperative game-theoretic approaches can be used for the purpose of modeling and analyzing decision-making in situations with multiple stakeholders. Specifically, since a waste management model is sustainable when considering not only environmental and economic but also social aspects, the waste management bargaining game is introduced as a specific decision support framework in which future models can be developed.

  18. Making big data, in theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boellstorff, Tom

    2013-01-01

    2012, p. 668. 74. Hacking, 2006, p. 23. 75. Geertz, 1973, p.20 September 2013. Ian Hacking, 2006. “Making up people,”www.lrb.co.uk/v28/n16/ian-hacking/making-up-people, accessed

  19. Zielinski et al. Social-Media Mining for Decision Support in Natural Crisis Proceedings of the 10th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokarchuk, Laurissa

    is integrated into the decision-support component of a Tsunami early warning system and demonstrates-temporal decision making component (DSS) and integrated it with a tsunami warning system that is able in Natural Crisis Management Zielinski, Andrea Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies

  20. How does participation in the framing, review, and incorporation of scientific information affect stakeholder perspectives on resource management decisions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peyser, Jennifer Leigh

    2005-01-01

    The conventional environmental impact statement (EIS) decision-making process, governed by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), represents the prevailing practice with regard to public involvement in science-intensive ...

  1. Evaluating the impact of government energy R&D investments through a multi-attribute utility-based decision tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerst, Kacy J. (Kacy Jean)

    2011-01-01

    Government agencies characteristically face dynamic policy and investment environments yet frequently rely on ad-hoc decision-making methods in response to complexities inherent in their operating landscape. Additionally, ...

  2. Examining the role of political entrepreneurship in the decision to change Mexico's foreign policy on human rights/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verdini Trejo, Bruno

    2013-01-01

    Under what circumstances can political entrepreneurs shape policy change? By relying upon the multiple streams framework, this research studies some of the factors that underpin decision-making in the public sector. Through ...

  3. BIOENERGIZEME INFOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE: Photosynthesis: Plants Making...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Photosynthesis: Plants Making Fuel BIOENERGIZEME INFOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE: Photosynthesis: Plants Making Fuel BIOENERGIZEME INFOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE: Photosynthesis: Plants Making Fuel...

  4. Call for Papers Special Issue on Integrated Decision Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winckler, Marco Antonio Alba

    ); integration of decisions across both forward supply chains and reverse logistics; integration of decisions

  5. Exploiting Visualization and Direct Manipulation to Make Parallel Tools More

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pancake, Cherri M.

    Exploiting Visualization and Direct Manipulation to Make Parallel Tools More Communicative Cherri M@cs.orst.edu http://www.cs.orst.edu/ pancake Abstract. Parallel tools rely on graphical techniques to improve be exploited in parallel tools, in order to improve the naturalness with which the user interacts

  6. NOVA Making Stuff Season 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leombruni, Lisa; Paulsen, Christine Andrews

    2014-12-12

    Over the course of four weeks in fall 2013, 11.7 million Americans tuned in to PBS to follow host David Pogue as he led them in search of engineering and scientific breakthroughs poised to change our world. Levitating trains, quantum computers, robotic bees, and bomb-detecting plants—these were just a few of the cutting-edge innovations brought into the living rooms of families across the country in NOVA’s four-part series, Making Stuff: Faster, Wilder, Colder, and Safer. Each of the four one-hour programs gave viewers a behind-the-scenes look at novel technologies poised to change our world—showing them how basic research and scientific discovery can hold the keys to transforming how we live. Making Stuff Season 2 (MS2) combined true entertainment with educational value, creating a popular and engaging series that brought accessible science into the homes of millions. NOVA’s goal to engage the public with such technological innovation and basic research extended beyond the broadcast series, including a variety of online, educational, and promotional activities: original online science reporting, web-only short-form videos, a new online quiz-game, social media engagement and promotion, an educational outreach “toolkit” for science educators to create their own “makerspaces,” an online community of practice, a series of nationwide Innovation Cafés, educator professional development, a suite of teacher resources, an “Idealab,” participation in national conferences, and specialized station relation and marketing. A summative evaluation of the MS2 project indicates that overall, these activities helped make a significant impact on the viewers, users, and participants that NOVA reached. The final evaluation conducted by Concord Evaluation Group (CEG) confidently concluded that the broadcast, website, and outreach activities were successful at achieving the project’s intended impacts. CEG reported that the MS2 series and website content were successful in raising awareness and sparking interest in innovation, and increased public awareness that basic research leads to technological innovation; this interest was also sustained over a six month period. Efforts to create an online community of practice were also successful: the quality of collaboration increased, and community members felt supported while using Maker pedagogy. These findings provide clear evidence that large-scale science media projects like MS2 are an effective means of “moving the needle” on attitudes about and excitement for science. NOVA’s broadcast audience and ratings have always indicated that a large portion of the population is interested in and engages with educational science media on a weekly basis. Yet these evaluation results provide the empirical evidence that beyond being capable of attracting, maintaining, and growing a dedicated group of citizens interested in science, these shows—with their diverse content provided on a variety of media channels—are capable of sparking new interest in science, raising public awareness of the importance of science, and maintaining and growing that interest over time. In a country where approximately a quarter of the population doesn’t know the earth rotates around the sun,1 roughly half still don’t accept evolution,2 and about 20% don’t think climate change is happening,3 the importance of these findings cannot be overstated. The success of MS2 suggests that large-scale media projects dedicated to and linked by coverage of scientific “big ideas” are an effective means of shifting public opinion on—and improving understanding of—science. REFERENCES 1, 2 National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators (2014). Chapter 7: Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Understanding. 3 Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Roser-Renouf, C., Feinberg, G., & Rosenthal, S. (2014) Climate change in the American mind: April, 2014. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Project on Climate Change Communication.

  7. Initial Decision and Risk Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.

    2012-02-29

    Decision and Risk Analysis capabilities will be developed for industry consideration and possible adoption within Year 1. These tools will provide a methodology for merging qualitative ranking of technology maturity and acknowledged risk contributors with quantitative metrics that drive investment decision processes. Methods and tools will be initially introduced as applications to the A650.1 case study, but modular spreadsheets and analysis routines will be offered to industry collaborators as soon as possible to stimulate user feedback and co-development opportunities.

  8. EIS-0224: Record of Decision

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Southeast Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant Facilities Improvements Project and Geysers Effluent Pipeline Project

  9. Technology Decisions Under Architectural Uncertainty: Informing Investment Decisions Through Tradespace Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Technology Decisions Under Architectural Uncertainty: Informing Investment Decisions Through this architectural uncertainty, it is difficult to define the value proposition of technology investments. This paper proposes a method for evaluating technology across a tradespace defined by architectural decisions. Main

  10. Methods of making textured catalysts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Werpy, Todd (West Richland, WA); Frye, Jr., John G. (Richland, WA); Wang, Yong (Richland, WA); Zacher, Alan H. (Kennewick, WA)

    2010-08-17

    A textured catalyst having a hydrothermally-stable support, a metal oxide and a catalyst component is described. Methods of conducting aqueous phase reactions that are catalyzed by a textured catalyst are also described. The invention also provides methods of making textured catalysts and methods of making chemical products using a textured catalyst.

  11. Method of making monodisperse nanoparticles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fan, Hongyon; Sun, Zaicheng

    2012-10-16

    A method of making particles of either spherical or cylindrical geometry with a characteristic diameter less than 50 nanometers by mixing at least one structure directing agent dissolved in a solvent with at least one amphiphilic block copolymer dissolved in a solvent to make a solution containing particles, where the particles can be subsequently separated and dispersed in a solvent of choice.

  12. Decision-maker's guide to wood fuel for small industrial energy users. Final report. [Includes glossary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levi, M. P.; O'Grady, M. J.

    1980-02-01

    The technology and economics of various wood energy systems available to the small industrial and commercial energy user are considered. This book is designed to help a plant manager, engineer, or others in a decision-making role to become more familiar with wood fuel systems and make informed decisions about switching to wood as a fuel. The following subjects are discussed: wood combustion, pelletized wood, fuel storage, fuel handling and preparation, combustion equipment, retrofitting fossil-fueled boilers, cogeneration, pollution abatement, and economic considerations of wood fuel use. (MHR)

  13. |Research Focus Statistical decision theory and evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maloney, Laurence T.

    |Research Focus Statistical decision theory and evolution Laurence T. Maloney Department recent articles by Geisler and Diehl use Bayesian statistical decision theory to model the co, an advantage that ultimately translates into `reproductive success'. The balance between predator and prey

  14. Corporate decision analysis : an engineering approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Victor, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    We explore corporate decisions and their solutions under uncertainty using engineering methods. Corporate decisions tend to be complex; they are interdisciplinary and defy programmable solutions. To address these challenges, ...

  15. Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General;1 Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General Equilibrium Analysis Jennifer Morris* , Mort Webster* and John Reilly* Abstract The electric power sector, which

  16. Corps Improvement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2007-01-01

    to mitigate environmental impacts of the proj- ect. The Corps? Fort Worth District and the City of Dallas are using an innovative approach to return floodplain value to the Trinity River, while improving flood damage reduction. Big Fossil Creek Watershed... flood damage; improve navigation channels and harbors; protect wetlands; and preserve, safeguard and enhance the environment. The Corps has been involved in the Trinity River Basin for more than 50 years, but the impetus for the current projects...

  17. Automatic Decision Detection in Meeting Speech 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsueh, Pei-Yun; Moore, Johanna D.

    2010-11-01

    are not sufficient for locating decision points from meeting archives. In this paper, we present the AMI DecisionDetector, a system that automatically detects and highlights where the decision-related conversations are. In this paper, we apply the models developed...

  18. Multiple Criteria Decision Support by Evolutionary Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zitzler, Eckart

    1 Multiple Criteria Decision Support by Evolutionary Computation Marco Laumanns, Eckart Zitzler difficult or impossible. In addition, they can handle multiple criteria simultaneously, being able to gener of these variables form the set of decision alternatives. The criteria to judge each decision relate to the output

  19. Development of Patients' Decision Aid for Older Women With Stage I Breast Cancer Considering Radiotherapy After Lumpectomy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong, Jennifer; D'Alimonte, Laura; Angus, Jan; Paszat, Larry; Metcalfe, Kelly; Whelan, Tim; Llewellyn-Thomas, Hilary; Warner, Eiran; Franssen, Edmee; Szumacher, Ewa

    2012-09-01

    Purpose: To develop a patient decision aid (PtDA) for older women with Stage I, pathologically node negative, estrogen receptor-positive progesterone receptor-positive breast cancer who are considering adjuvant radiotherapy after lumpectomy and to examine its impact on patients' decision making. Methods and Materials: A PtDA was developed and evaluated in three steps according to the Ottawa Decision Support Framework: (1) needs assessment (n = 16); (2) Pilot I to examine PtDA acceptability (n = 12); and (3) Pilot II, a pretest posttest (n = 38) with older women with estrogen receptor-positive progesterone receptor-positive breast cancer after lumpectomy who were receiving adjuvant radiation therapy. Measures included patients' satisfaction with the PtDA, self-reported decisional conflict, level of distress, treatment-related knowledge, and choice predisposition. Results: The PtDA is a booklet that details each adjuvant treatment option's benefits, risks, and side effects tailored to the patient's clinical profile; includes a values clarification exercise; and includes steps to guide patients towards their decision. On the basis of qualitative comments and satisfaction ratings, all women thought that the PtDA was helpful and informative. In comparison with their baseline scores, patients had a statistically significant (p < 0.05) reduction in decisional conflict (adjusted mean difference [AMD], -7.18; 95% confidence interval [CI], -13.50 to 12.59); increased clarity of the benefits and risks (AMD, -10.86; CI, -20.33 to 21.49); and improved general treatment knowledge (AMD, 8.99; CI, 2.88-10.28) after using the PtDA. General trends were also reported in the patients' choice predisposition scores that suggested potential differences in treatment decision after PtDA use. Conclusions: This study provides evidence that this PtDA may be a helpful educational tool for this group of women. The quality of care for older breast cancer patients may be enhanced by the use of a tailored PtDA to help patients be better informed about their treatment options.

  20. Risk Analysis and Decision-Making Under Uncertainty: A Strategy and its

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProvedTravelInformationCollectionGridRenoRhode Island Schools Teach EnergyRichardApplications

  1. Performance-Based Decision-Making in Post-Earthquake Highway Bridge Repair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordin, Eugene

    2010-01-01

    the Northridge Earthquake. Post Earthquake Highway ResponseLoma Prieta Quake. Post Earthquake Highway Response andand ShakeMap for Lifeline Post-Earthquake Response and

  2. The Role of Research Institutes and Universities in Science and Technology Decision-making in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SUN, Fuquan

    2013-01-01

    technology support pro- grams, high-tech R&D projects, basicSome plans, such as the high-tech R&D projects, were firstgov- ernments, but the high-tech R&D project and the basic

  3. Perception of genetic risk in sexual and reproductive decision-making (PGRID) by college students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honore?, Heather Helaine

    2009-05-15

    elapsed since the completion of the Human Genome Project (HGP). Yet scientists, policy makers, and the general public continue to question ?when and how the advances of the [HGP] and other genetic research will be integrated into society, medicine..., and public health? (French & Moore, 2003). In the post-HGP era, relevant issues include genetic health literacy, access to genetic services, and the ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI) of public health genetics and genomics.1 A complicating...

  4. Climate Change Technology R&D Portfolio Decision Making Under Uncertainty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, E.; Keisler, J.; Chon, H.

    2008-11-17

    In this project we have completed, or are in the process of, collecting and analyzing information on seven energy technologies – solar photovoltaics, nuclear power, carbon capture and storage, electricity from biomass, liquid bio-fuels, and batteries – in regards to their potential impact on reducing greenhouse gas emissions. We have collected expert elicitations, relating U.S. government funding trajectories to probabilities of success. We then used MiniCAM, a technologically-detailed Integrated Assessnent Model to determine the impact on the marginal cost of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, if the technologies were successful. Finally, we have performed initial analysis on portfolios of technologies. This project has partially supported nine papers, either published, under review, or under preparation for such journals as Energy Economics, The Energy Journal, Climatic Change, Management Science, and Transportation Research.

  5. Performance-Based Decision-Making in Post-Earthquake Highway Bridge Repair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordin, Eugene

    2010-01-01

    Transmittal (SMART) system. Further identifying the bridge= SMART = STAP = USGS = VFT = WashDOT = Area Bridge

  6. A decision-making students project for site selection of HLW repository

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bieniawski, Z.T.

    1995-12-01

    With the escalating costs, constant delays and adverse public opinion, the YMP is not only under fire but the DOE and the other parties involved have failed to convince the public that they know what they are doing and that theirs is the best way. For example, while the whole world is evaluating alternative HLW disposal sites, why is the United States characterizing just one site? A student class at Penn State decided that they may have a better concept of what should be done.

  7. Using outcomes to inform social decision-making in schizophrenia: Implications for motivation and functioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campellone, Timothy Ryan

    2015-01-01

    the role of ability and motivation. Archives of GeneralImplications for motivation and functioning by Timothy RyanImplications for motivation and functioning by Timothy Ryan

  8. Public responses to global warming in Newcastle, Australia: Environmental values and environmental decision making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bulkeley, H.

    1997-12-31

    This paper seeks to address tile social and cultural dimensions of the global warming issue through an analysis of `public` responses in Newcastle, Australia, based on recent research undertaken for a PhD thesis. Given the history of Australian involvement in the F.C.C.C process this case-study will provides an interesting context in which to analyse discourses of environmental values. It is argued that these discourses shape and are shaped by public responses to global environmental issues in ways which have important implications for the definition of issues as `problems` with acceptable solutions, for the implementation of such solutions and for their political consequences.

  9. Smart grid technologies and the development of a decision making framework for market entry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lankton, Calman (Calman Ballow)

    2010-01-01

    This thesis explores business opportunities in the "smart grid" environment for the Power Electronics Global Product Group (PE GPG) of ABB, Ltd. The goal of this thesis is three-fold: 1) Provide a detailed definition of ...

  10. Uncertainty quantification in vibration-based structural health monitoring for enhanced decision-making capability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mao, Zhu

    2012-01-01

    5  1.2.1. System identification and vibration-based20  2. Vibration-based inspection and SHMsystems from changes in their vibration characteristics: a

  11. International relations, covert action and secret detention: The perceptual theory of legitimacy and government decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Owen

    2009-04-28

    until 1964 (Babst, 1964), which produced statistical support for the theory. The idea gained widespread attention with the work of Singer and Small (1976) in The War Proneness of Democratic Regimes, 1816-1965, which found only marginal support...-prone as non- democracies; and (2) over the last two centuries, democracies have rarely clashed with one another in violent or potentially violent conflict and (by some reasonable criteria) have virtually never fought one another in a full- scale...

  12. Real-time Pricing Leading to Optimal Operation under Distributed Decision Makings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hespanha, João Pedro

    such as renewable, micro-combined heat and power systems as well as energy storage systems such as batteries and development on the future power grid in which small but variety and a huge number of distributed generators, since the legacy power grid is intended for delivering energy from centralized power generators

  13. Neuropsychology . Author manuscript Is decision making really impaired in eating disorders?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    anorexia nervosa (n 49), bulimia nervosa (n 38), and healthy controls (n 83) were assessed using the Iowa restrictive and purging types of anorexia nervosa. No correlations were found between IGT performance conclusion. MESH Keywords Anorexia Nervosa ; complications ; psychology ; Bulimia Nervosa ; complications

  14. Brief Report Is decision-making really impaired in eating disorders?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    anorexia nervosa (n=49), bulimia nervosa (n=38), and healthy controls (n=83) were assessed using the Iowa restrictive and purging types of anorexia nervosa. No correlations were found between IGT performance conclusion. Keywords: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, Iowa Gambling Task, neuropsychology inserm-00524295

  15. Multi-Disciplinary Decision Making and Optimization for Hybrid Electric Propulsion Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shoultout, Mohamed L. [University of Texas at Austin; Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL; Pannala, Sreekanth [ORNL; Chen, Dongmei [University of Texas at Austin

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the trade-offs among the subsystems of a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), e.g., the engine, motor, and the battery, and discuss the related im- plications for fuel consumption and battery capacity and lifetime. Addressing this problem can provide insights on how to prioritize these objectives based on consumers needs and preferences.

  16. Information Processing, Psychopathy, and Juror Decision Making in a Capital Murder Case 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Jennifer

    2014-04-25

    by the judge. Specifically, participants were primed to employ a rational, analytical mindset or rely on their gut-instincts and intuition. Participants were then presented with a capital murder case vignette and expert testimony (clinical opinion or actuarial...

  17. Risks and decision making in development of new power plant projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kristinsdottir, Asbjorg

    2012-01-01

    Power plant development projects are typically capital intensive and subject to a complex network of interconnected risks that impact development's performance. Failure to develop a power plant to meet performance constraints ...

  18. Traffic Network Equilibrium and the Environment: A Multicriteria Decision-Making Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    motor vehicles are responsible for at least 50% of the air pollution in urban areas (see The Economist emissions, and, consequently, the levels of air pollution. For any policy, however, to have an appropriate and pollution, are now well established. Indeed, congestion in the United States results in $100 billion in lost

  19. COMPLEXITY OF COLLECTIVE DECISION MAKING EXPLAINED BY NEURAL NETWORK UNIVERSAL APPROXIMATION THEOREM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    THEOREM Raul Trejo Vladik Kreinovich Sistemas de Informacion Department of Computer Science Division de Ingeneria y Ciencias University of Texas at El Paso ITESM (Instituto Technologico de Monterrey) El Paso, TX

  20. Decision Making with Hybrid Influence Diagrams Using Mixtures of Truncated Exponentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cobb, Barry R.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2008-04-01

    is an adaptation of the Oil Wildcatter problem from Rai?a (1968). We model some variables as continuous uncertainties. 12 Test (T) u 0 Drill (D) Results (R) Oil (O) Cost (C) Volume (V) Price (P) Fig. 4. A hybrid influence diagram representation of the Oil..., the amount of oil extracted follows a normal distribution with a mean of 13.5 thousand barrels and a standard deviation of 2 thousand barrels, i.e. £(V | O =2)? N(13.5, 2 2 ). The cost of drilling (C) is normally distributed with a mean of 70 thousand dollars...

  1. RISK ESTIMATION AND DECISION-MAKING: IMPLICATIONS OF THE 1980 BEIR-III REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrikant, J.I.

    2010-01-01

    various effect of low-dose ionizing radiation. organs andcancer risk from low-dose low-LET radiation, the BEIR-IIIof risk from low-dose low-LET radiation. For exposure to

  2. The decision-making modeling for concurrent planning of construction projects 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shim, Euysup

    2009-05-15

    conditions. Furthermore, the model was applied to a hypothetical construction project. From the simulations the major conclusions include: (1) The decentralized approach becomes preferred with more activities; (2) Considering more methods provides more...

  3. Is planning failing? : the impacts of decision making processes on the Green Line Extension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciborowski, Matthew A

    2009-01-01

    Research was conducted on the proposed Green Line Extension, a light rail corridor from Cambridge through Somerville and Medford, Massachusetts. The project is being undertaken by the Massachusetts Executive Office of ...

  4. Electronic Prehospital Records are Often Unavailable for Emergency Department Medical Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bledsoe, Bryan E; Wasden, Chad; Johnson, Larry

    2013-01-01

    of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) email lists. As a result,of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). The study was limited to

  5. Global Supply Chain Network Dynamics with Multicriteria Decision-Making Under Risk and Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    and the retailers since the retailers may be physical or virtual. In addition, supply-side risk and demand-side risk Anna Nagurney and Dmytro Matsypura Department of Finance and Operations Management Isenberg School of Management University of Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 submitted June 2004; revised December

  6. Exploring Decision-Making Methods for Sustainable Design in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arroyo, Paz

    2014-01-01

    H. , and Chan, C. (2006). “MAUT-based dispute resolutionHierarchy Process (AHP) MAUT For choosing contractors in aLean Project Delivery System MAUT Multi-Attribute Utility

  7. Multi-Criteria Decision-Making for Optimization of Product Disassembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"

    and feedstocks that supply steel, glass, plastic, and precious metals. Such recycling also avoids air and water reused or remanufactured electronic products originating from developed countries (2). It is well-known that recovery of waste electric and electronic equipment for reuse or recycling conserves resources

  8. City-Level Energy Decision Making: Data Use in Energy Planning...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    information learned from a sample of 20 cities across the United States, from New York City to Park City, Utah, including a diverse sample of population size, utility type,...

  9. Distributed decision-making of networked multi-agent systems in complex environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Minghui

    2011-01-01

    deception attacks on water SCADA systems. In Proceedings ofexamining the stability of a SCADA water management systemexamining the stability of a SCADA water management system

  10. Decision Making for Batch Manufacturing Sites under Uncertainty Andreas A. Linninger and Aninda Chakraborty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linninger, Andreas A.

    in the overall plant design. Keywords Robust Policy, Cost Effective Policy, Flexibility Index Introduction Chakraborty Laboratory for Product and Process Design Department of Chemical Engineering, University, amount as well as composition. Pharmaceutical and fine chemical production distinguishes itself also

  11. An Environmental Perspective to Decision-making for the Control of Johne's Disease on Beef Ranches 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjamin, Lisa A.

    2010-10-12

    Biosecurity practices for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Mptb), the etiologic agent for Johne's disease (JD), are predicated on the fact that fecal-oral is the major route of infection and that Mptb is present ...

  12. Local environmental decision-making with the California environmental quality act: a Santa Barbara case study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karstadt, Kent Leonard

    1985-01-01

    . DATABASE FINDINGS General. Tlllle Cost Participation. Project Resolution and Revisions. CONCLUSIONS CEQA and Local Land Use Policy. T1lll1ng. Costs. Public Participation and Scoping. . . . . . Mitigation Measures and Alter natives. . Other... Conclusions and Observations. . . . RECOMMENDATIONS CEQA and Local Land Use Policy. Timing and Costs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public Participation and Scoping. . . . . . . Mitigation Measures and Alternatives. . . . 13 . . 15 . 17 22...

  13. Factored Models for Multiscale Decision-Making in Smart Grid Customers Prashant P. Reddy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veloso, Manuela M.

    of customers in the management of demand, and renewable energy supply, is a critical goal of the Smart Grid as consumers, producers and storage facilities or more explicitly as suburban homes, office complexes, solar at the granularity of a single household with each appliance modeled separately, at the aggregate behavior

  14. Social Influence and Household Decision-Making: A Behavioural Analysis of Housing Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baddeley, Michelle

    2011-01-31

    of individuals each of whom is endeavouring to copy the others [because] knowing that our own individual judgement is worthless, we endeavour to fall back on the judgement of the rest of the 5 6world which is perhaps better informed” (Keynes, 1937, p. 214... – to give: (6) So: (7) This equation indicates that willingness to pay for housing will be greater if interest rates are lower, if people are more patient (and therefore place relatively more focus 17 18 on future utility from home ownership over a long...

  15. Investigating the Effect of Freeway Congestion Thresholds on Decision-making Inputs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Tongbin

    2011-10-21

    Congestion threshold is embedded in the congestion definition. Two basic approaches exist in current practice for setting the congestion threshold. One common approach uses the “free-flow” or unimpeded conditions as the ...

  16. Tribal Decision-Making and Intercultural Relations: Crow Creek Agency, 1863-1885

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galler, Robert

    2002-03-01

    Lower Yanktonai residents experienced great change during the first two decades at the Crow Creek agency in Dakota Territory. This essay traces the evolution of relations between tribal members, federal agents, and ...

  17. Uncertainty quantification in vibration-based structural health monitoring for enhanced decision-making capability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mao, Zhu

    2012-01-01

    the need for structural health monitoring", Proc. SPIE 6531,Zagrai, A. , “Structural Health Monitoring; an Enabler forfor real-time structural health monitoring, Clayton, Erik

  18. Children's involvement in care order decision-making: A cross-country analysis.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berrick, JD; Dickens, J; Pösö, T; Skivenes, M

    2015-01-01

    118. Skivenes, M. (2011). Norway – Toward a child centricprinciples and the cases of Norway and the UK. Journal ofa comparasion of England Norway and the United States (

  19. Performance-Based Decision-Making in Post-Earthquake Highway Bridge Repair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordin, Eugene

    2010-01-01

    Reinforced Concrete Bridge Columns by Steel Jacketing. SanDatabase for Concrete Bridge Components and Systems underMotion Level on Highway Bridge Costs. Program of Applied

  20. Developing professional judgment and decision making expertise in applied sport psychology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martindale, Amanda Beverley

    2011-07-04

    Establishing and enhancing standards of practice is important in any profession, and particularly so in a new and emerging domain such as sport psychology. Accordingly, this thesis draws on literature from teaching, ...

  1. When Sugar Turns to Sh%&: Immediate Action Decision Making and Resilience in High Reliability Teams 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesner, Bradley Scott

    2012-02-14

    more nuanced study of high reliability processes within team contexts is warranted. This study focuses on organizational teams which are faced with the challenges of maintaining high levels of reliability. Of particular interest is how teams manage...

  2. Physician counselling practices and decision-making for extremely preterm infants in the Pacific Rim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JC Partridge

    2005-01-01

    in countries of the Pacific Rim. We sought to determine theextremely preterm infants in Pacific Rim countries. While weseven countries of the Pacific Rim with the goal of studying

  3. IMPACT OF CULTURAL DIFFERENCES IN AFFECT VALUATION ON CUSTOMER DECISION MAKING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Ze

    2010-05-10

    investigates the cultural effect on consumers' affect valuation by focusing on two issues that have important managerial implications. Essay One examines the effectiveness of one ubiquitous marketing tactic--employees' (positive) affective display (EAD...

  4. Where are all the white kids?: the effects of race in juvenile court decision making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ketchum, Paul Robert

    2008-10-10

    youth are overrepresented at every stage of the juvenile justice system, from initial police contact to incarceration (Snyder and Sickmund 2006; Feld 1999; Leonard, Pope and Feyerherm 1995) and that this overrepresentation continues into the criminal... and rural juvenile courts will be made to examine the institutional effects of changes in urban and to a lesser extent suburban juvenile courts in recent years (Feld 5 1999). Finally, court personnel must be interviewed as it is not enough to just sample...

  5. An economic exploration of prevention versus response in animal related bioterrorism decision making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elbakidze, Levan

    2006-04-12

    Animal disease outbreaks either through deliberate terroristic act or accidental introductions present a serious economic problem. This work concentrates on the economics of choosing strategies to mitigate possible agricultural terrorism...

  6. Distributed decision-making of networked multi-agent systems in complex environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Minghui

    2011-01-01

    and S. S. Sastry. Cyber security analysis of statenot available in advance. Cyber security of cyber-physicalsystems. Very recently, cyber-security of the emerging

  7. Visual Search and Decision Making in Bees: Time, Speed, and Accuracy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skorupski, Peter; Spaethe, Johannes; Chittka, Lars

    2006-01-01

    choices with aversive quinine solution. Un- der theseare penalized with bitter quinine solution (gray symbols),

  8. Psychology 512. The Science of Decision-Making Instructor: Mauricio Delgado

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , et al. (2002). Cognitive neuroscience: the biology of the mind. B- Neuroscience of reward systems Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, Elsevier. - Murray, E.A., O'Doherty, J.P. & Schoenbaum, G. What we know and do

  9. The Role of Potential Losses in Adolescent Decision-Making Under Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkley-Levenson, Emily Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    cortex (see coordinates in Table 1). Direct comparisons toand cerebellum (see coordinates in table 1). Direct groupcortex; see coordinates in Table 1). Direct comparisons to

  10. Performance-Based Decision-Making in Post-Earthquake Highway Bridge Repair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordin, Eugene

    2010-01-01

    Methods by Applying Structural Engineering Design Patterns.is charged with structural design, structural construction,between the maintenance and structural design divisions, who

  11. Information, The Internet, Elected Officials,and Local Government Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danziger, Jim N; Dunkle, Debbie

    2008-01-01

    and medium-sized (42%) cities. Smart phones are much moresized cities report not having a computer, PDA or smartlarge city elected officials is a desktop, laptop and smart

  12. Multitiered Supply Chain Networks: Multicriteria DecisionMaking under Uncertainty June Dong and Ding Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    chain management practices in the PC industry, notably, in the greater China area. Yan, Yu, and Cheng for production loading planning for a textile company under a quick response requirement. In this paper, we and Ding Zhang Department of Marketing and Management School of Business State University of New York

  13. Impact of Information Loss and Information Error on Network-enabled Decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the Network Science Collaborative Technology Alliance: No. W911NF08R0013 from the Army Research Lab.................................................................... 2 1.1.2 Scenario Two ­ Deepwater Horizon oil spill (pre

  14. Exploring Real-time Patient Decision-making for Acute Care: A Pilot Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    primary care complaints (cough, sore throat, back pain,for two days. You’ve had a cough, runny nose and headache

  15. EWO Mee'ng September 2012 Petrobras Refining Decision-Making Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    ;PETROBRAS INVESTMENTS 5 #12;Oil and Natural Gas Produc'on Oil and Natural Gas · HUGE FUEL DEMAND · NEW PETROLEUM FIELDS · NEW FUEL QUALITY SPECIFICATIONS fuels quanCty and quality demands, maximizing the NPV over a period (25 years

  16. Development of Energy Models for Production Systems and Processes to Inform Environmentally Benign Decision-Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz-Elsayed, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    price of electricity charged to industrial customers per kWh was the greatest in Japan ($0.154), followed by Germany (

  17. CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS ``DECISION MAKING AND SCIENCE'' How might science misdirect policy? Insights into the threats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Mark A.

    , genetically modified organisms) into ecosystems for economic or biological purposes. However, prior to this-011-0690-7 Journal fu¨r Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit Journal of Consumer Protection and Food Safety

  18. A Computational Theory of Awareness and Decision Making Nikhil R Devanur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgs, Christian

    in a vacuum so we consider two types of inputs. The first is the environment which encodes all information that optimizes the various criteria, such as type and quality of food, cost, atmosphere, location, etc. You with high awareness, balanced against your particular desires in food type, etc. at the time. A typical

  19. Multi-Event Decision Making over Multivariate Time Series Chun-Kit Ngan, Alexander Brodsky1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jessica

    , Fairfax, Virginia 22030-4422, United States cngan@gmu.edu, brodsky@gmu.edu, jessica@cs.gmu.edu http on blood pressure and pulse anomalies on electrocardiogram, as well as low birth but high death rates and researchers monitor daily stock prices, weekly interest rates, and monthly price indices to analyze different

  20. Making Science Useful to Decision Makers: Climate Forecasts, Water Management, and Knowledge Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feldman, David L; Ingram, Helen M

    2009-01-01

    Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center,