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1

Substantial Transformation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Recovery Act/Buy American Information Related to Substantial Transformation GUIDANCE ON MANUFACTURED GOODS AND SUBSTANTIAL TRANSFORMATION FOR FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AWARDS Section 1605 of the Recovery Act states, "None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act may be used for a project for the construction, alteration, maintenance, or repair of a public building or public work unless all of the iron, steel, and manufactured goods used in the project are produced in the United States." The Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) guidance on implementing this section defines "manufactured good" as a "good brought to the construction site for incorporation into

2

Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012) Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012) The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is submitting these comments in response to the above-referenced request for information (RFI) issued by the Department of Energy (DOE). In the RFI, DOE is again asking for information on ways to streamline and to reduce the burden imposed by its regulations. Reg review - DOE RFI - EEI cmts 5-29-12.pdf More Documents & Publications Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 47328 EEI Comments in response to DOE regulatory review RFI, 76 Fed. Reg. 75798

3

Substantial Transformation | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

2010-54 Guidance on Manufactured Goods and Substantial Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Frequently Asked Questions Questions and Answers for...

4

OMB Burden Disclosure Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

71.1 OMB Control Number 71.1 OMB Control Number (09/2012) (Classification) OMB Burden Disclosure Statement 1910-1800 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 10 (minutes) per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching exist ing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comme nts regarding this estimate or any other aspect of this information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Information, Records, and Resource Management, MA-41-GTN, Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-1800), U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20874-1290; and to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-1800),Washington, DC 20503.

5

DOE Reg. Burden RFI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

March 21, 2011 March 21, 2011 Page 1 March 21, 2011 Daniel Cohen, Esq. Office of General Counsel U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Re: Regulatory Burden RFI Dear Mr. Cohen: These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) notice appearing in the Federal Register on February 3, 2011 requesting information to assist DOE in reviewing existing regulations and in making its regulatory program more effective and less burdensome. AHRI is the trade association representing manufacturers of heating, cooling, water heating, and commercial refrigeration equipment. More than 300 members strong, AHRI is an internationally recognized advocate for the industry, and develops standards for and certifies the performance of

6

DOE Reg. Burden RFI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 4, 2012 January 4, 2012 Page 1 January 4, 2012 Daniel Cohen, Esq. Office of General Counsel U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Re: Regulatory Burden RFI Dear Mr. Cohen: These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) notice in the December 5, 2011 Federal Register requesting information to assist DOE in reviewing existing regulations and in making its regulatory program more effective and less burdensome. AHRI had submitted comments on March 21, 2011 in response to the previous Request for Information (RFI) issued by DOE in February of 2011. We appreciate DOE's commitment to maintaining a plan for regular, periodic review of its existing regulations and reporting

7

Definition: Burden | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Burden Burden Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Burden Operation of the Bulk Electric System that violates or is expected to violate a System Operating Limit or Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit in the Interconnection, or that violates any other NERC, Regional Reliability Organization, or local operating reliability standards or criteria.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Bulk Electric System, System, Interconnection, sustainability References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Burden&oldid=493023" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions

8

The economic burden of sunscreen usage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Burden of Sunscreen Usage Ritika Johal 1 , Michaelprice per ounce. Sunscreen Usage To estimate the daily use

Johal, Ritika; Leo, Michael S; Ma, Brian; Sivamani, Raja K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Property:NEPA Resource Imposed Mitigation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Imposed Mitigation Imposed Mitigation Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NEPA Resource Imposed Mitigation Property Type Text Description Agency imposed mitigation plan to minimize the risk of a potential negative impact to a NEPA resource with a geothermal development effort. Pages using the property "NEPA Resource Imposed Mitigation" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) B BLM-NV-WN-ES-08-01-1310, NV-020-08-01#NEPAImpact_with_Migratory_Birds + Initial ground disturbing activities would not be conducted during the migratory bird nesting season (March through July) unless necessary, and then only after inventories for migratory birds and nests were conducted by a qualified biologist acceptable to the BLM. This survey would be conducted to identify either breeding adult birds or nest sites within the specific areas to be disturbed. If active nests are present within these areas to be disturbed, NGP would coordinate with the authorized officer to develop appropriate protection measures for these sites, which may include avoidance, construction constraints, and/or the establishment of buffers.

10

IMPOSING AND TESTING FOR SHAPE RESTRICTIONS IN FLEXIBLE PARAMETRIC MODELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

0 IMPOSING AND TESTING FOR SHAPE RESTRICTIONS IN FLEXIBLE PARAMETRIC MODELS 1 Hendrik Wolff and inference to test for shape conditions in parametric models. We show that `regional' shape and test for all shape restrictions required by economic theory simultaneously in the "Berndt and Wood

Kaminsky, Werner

11

Reducing Regulatory Burden; Retrospective Review Under E.O. 13563...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrospective Review Under E.O. 13563 Reducing Regulatory Burden; Retrospective Review Under E.O. 13563 Request for information on reducing regulatory burden, E.O. 13563...

12

DOE EO 13563 January 2014 Update Report and Burden Reduction...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE EO 13563 January 2014 Update Report and Burden Reduction Efforts DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report January 2014 DOE Retrospective Review Plan and...

13

DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report - December...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

- December 18, 2012 DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report - December 18, 2012 DOE EO 13563 December 2012 Update Report and Burden Reduction Efforts...

14

DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report July 2014 FINAL More Documents & Publications DOE...

15

Re: Request for Information on Regulatory Burden of DOE Regulations...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Request for Information on Regulatory Burden of DOE Regulations Re: Request for Information on Regulatory Burden of DOE Regulations Comments from Edison Electric Institute on DOE's...

16

FINAL CA IOU Comment Letter RFI Regulatory Burden | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FINAL CA IOU Comment Letter RFI Regulatory Burden FINAL CA IOU Comment Letter RFI Regulatory Burden This letter comprises the comments of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company...

17

NEMA Comments on DOE Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Burden RFI NEMA Comments on DOE Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) thanks you for the opportunity to provide comments...

18

NEMA Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reducing Regulatory Burden NEMA Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) thanks you for the opportunity to provide comments...

19

Private Company Uses EERE-Supported Chemistry Model to Substantially...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Private Company Uses EERE-Supported Chemistry Model to Substantially Improve Combustion Engine Simulation Software Private Company Uses EERE-Supported Chemistry Model to...

20

Quantifying Community Assembly Processes and Identifying Features that Impose Them  

SciTech Connect

Across a set of ecological communities connected to each other through organismal dispersal (a ‘meta-community’), turnover in composition is governed by (ecological) Drift, Selection, and Dispersal Limitation. Quantitative estimates of these processes remain elusive, but would represent a common currency needed to unify community ecology. Using a novel analytical framework we quantitatively estimate the relative influences of Drift, Selection, and Dispersal Limitation on subsurface, sediment-associated microbial meta-communities. The communities we study are distributed across two geologic formations encompassing ~12,500m3 of uranium-contaminated sediments within the Hanford Site in eastern Washington State. We find that Drift consistently governs ~25% of spatial turnover in community composition; Selection dominates (governing ~60% of turnover) across spatially-structured habitats associated with fine-grained, low permeability sediments; and Dispersal Limitation is most influential (governing ~40% of turnover) across spatially-unstructured habitats associated with coarse-grained, highly-permeable sediments. Quantitative influences of Selection and Dispersal Limitation may therefore be predictable from knowledge of environmental structure. To develop a system-level conceptual model we extend our analytical framework to compare process estimates across formations, characterize measured and unmeasured environmental variables that impose Selection, and identify abiotic features that limit dispersal. Insights gained here suggest that community ecology can benefit from a shift in perspective; the quantitative approach developed here goes beyond the ‘niche vs. neutral’ dichotomy by moving towards a style of natural history in which estimates of Selection, Dispersal Limitation and Drift can be described, mapped and compared across ecological systems.

Stegen, James C.; Lin, Xueju; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Chen, Xingyuan; Kennedy, David W.; Murray, Christopher J.; Rockhold, Mark L.; Konopka, Allan

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

AHAM Comments Regulatory Burden RFI | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

on its Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 47328 (Aug. 8, 2012). AHAM CommentsDOE Reg Review Sept 2012FINAL.pdf More Documents & Publications Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg....

22

DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report July...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report July 29, 2013 DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report July 29, 2013 DOE 13563 and ICR Report - Final.pdf...

23

Regulatory Burden RFI - Hussmann Corporation Response  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regulatory Burden RFI - Hussmann Corporation Response Regulatory Burden RFI - Hussmann Corporation Response January 3, 2012 Below are the list of questions with answers from the December 5 RFI: (1) How can the Department best promote meaningful periodic reviews of its existing rules and how can it best identify those rules that might be modified, streamlined, expanded, or repealed? DOE should maintain a list of all manufacturers impacted by legislation/rules and make sure these manufacturers are notified of all rule changes. A full review cycle should be done periodically and provide adequate time for ALL manufacturers to respond. (2) What factors should the agency consider in selecting and prioritizing rules and reporting requirements for review? Cost (initial and maintenance) should be considered as well as return on investment. Also,

24

Acceptable Risks and Burdens to Others than the Participant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chapter 15 addresses what level of risk and burdens it is acceptable to expose others than the participant to,...

Sigmund Simonsen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Reducing Regulatory Burden  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Billing Code 6450 01-P Billing Code 6450 01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Reducing Regulatory Burden AGENCY: Office of the General Counsel, Department of Energy. ACTION: Request for information. SUMMARY: As part of its implementation of Executive Order 13563, "Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review," issued by the President on January 18, 2011, the Department of Energy (DOE) is seeking comments and information from interested parties to assist DOE in reviewing its existing regulations to determine whether any such regulations should be modified, streamlined, expanded, or repealed. The purpose of DOE's review is to make the agency's regulatory program more effective and less burdensome in achieving its regulatory objectives. DATES: Written comments and information are requested on or before 45 days after

26

Regulatory Burden RFI from Bodine Electric Company | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

from Bodine Electric Company Regulatory Burden RFI from Bodine Electric Company The following is a response from Bodine Electric Company on unnecessarily burdensome regulations...

27

Comments on reducing regulatory burden | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Solutions, manufacturer of Trane and American Standard residential air conditioners, heat pumps, furnaces, and accessories Comments on reducing regulatory burden More...

28

FRAMES User Defined Body Burden Concentration File Module Documentation  

SciTech Connect

The Framework for Risk Analysis in Multimedia Environmental Systems (FRAMES) Body Burden Concentration File (BBF) contains time-varying, instantaneous, constituent concentrations for body burden by contaminant. This report contains the requirements for this file and will be used by software engineers and testers to ensure that the file inputs properly.

Pelton, Mitchell A.; Rutz, Frederick C.; Eslinger, Melany A.; Gelston, Gariann M.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 Fed. Reg. 75798 (Dec. 5, 2011) Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 76 Fed. Reg. 75798 (Dec. 5, 2011) The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is submitting...

30

Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012) Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012) The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is submitting...

31

Regulatory Burden RFI Executive Order 13563 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

needed relief from regulatory burden. This past year we've invested 250,000 in energy testing. Those resources could have been used to develop new and better products. We expect...

32

RF Sputtering for preparing substantially pure amorphous silicon monohydride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for controlling the dihydride and monohydride bond densities in hydrogenated amorphous silicon produced by reactive rf sputtering of an amorphous silicon target. There is provided a chamber with an amorphous silicon target and a substrate therein with the substrate and the target positioned such that when rf power is applied to the target the substrate is in contact with the sputtering plasma produced thereby. Hydrogen and argon are fed to the chamber and the pressure is reduced in the chamber to a value sufficient to maintain a sputtering plasma therein, and then rf power is applied to the silicon target to provide a power density in the range of from about 7 watts per square inch to about 22 watts per square inch to sputter an amorphous silicon hydride onto the substrate, the dihydride bond density decreasing with an increase in the rf power density. Substantially pure monohydride films may be produced.

Jeffrey, Frank R. (Ames, IA); Shanks, Howard R. (Ames, IA)

1982-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

33

Global Health: Measuring the Global Burden of Disease  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effective and high-quality care to patients without knowing their diagnoses; likewise, for health systems to be effective, it is necessary to understand the key challenges in efforts to improve population health and how these challenges are changing. Before the early 1990s, there was no comprehensive... The burden that disease places on societies around the world is complex and changing as communicable diseases are replaced by noncommunicable diseases. This article summarizes these changes and the current burden.

Murray C.J.L.; Lopez A.D.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

CO? emissions limits: economic adjustments and the distribution of burdens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policies under consideration within the Climate Convention would impose CO? controls on only a subset of nations. A model of economic growth and emissions, coupled to an analysis of the climate system, is used to explore ...

Jacoby, Henry D.; Eckaus, Richard S.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Reiner, David M.; Yang, Zili.

35

Mercury Reduces Avian Reproductive Success and Imposes Selection: An Experimental Study with Adult-or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mercury Reduces Avian Reproductive Success and Imposes Selection: An Experimental Study with Adult, United States of America Abstract Mercury is a global pollutant that biomagnifies in food webs, placing that songbirds are frequently exposed to mercury pollution. Our objective was to determine the effects

Swaddle, John

36

DOE Seeks Reply Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden | Department of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reply Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden Reply Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden DOE Seeks Reply Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden March 22, 2011 - 5:24pm Addthis The Department of Energy today announces the opening of the reply comment period for its Request for Information implementing Executive Order 13563, seeking public comment on how best to review its existing regulations and to identify whether any of its existing regulations should be modified, streamlined, expanded, or repealed. The Department is now interested in receiving comment on the suggestions and comments received from outside parties. Those comments and suggestions are posted on the Office of the General Counsel website: Retrospective Review of Regulations. On January 31, 2011, the Department took two steps to launch its

37

Maryland-National Capital Building Industry Association Regulatory Burden  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maryland-National Capital Building Industry Association Regulatory Maryland-National Capital Building Industry Association Regulatory Burden RFI (Federal Register August 8, 2012) Maryland-National Capital Building Industry Association Regulatory Burden RFI (Federal Register August 8, 2012) On behalf of the Maryland-National Capital Building Industry Association, I am providing the following comments and information in response to DOE's request. The Association represents residential builders, developers and associated professionals and service firms. Final Letter to DOE Regulatory Burden 9_7_2012.pdf More Documents & Publications National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) Ex Parte Memorandum Energy Storage Activities in the United States Electricity Grid. May 2011 Frederick County (Maryland) Department of Permits and Inspections (FCDPI

38

DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 15, 2013 February 15, 2013 Agency/ Sub- agency RIN/ OMB Control Number Title of Initiative/ Rule/lCR Brief Description Actual or Target Completion Date Anticipated savings in costs and/or information collection burdens, together with any anticipated changes in benefits Progress updates and anticipated accomplish- ments Notes DOE/GC N/A Request for information on reducing regulatory burden DOE is continually engaging in review of its rules to determine whether there are burdens on the public that can be avoided by amending or rescinding existing requirements. To that end, while DOE is always open to receiving information about the impact of its regulations, it published this RFI to solicit public input. August 8, 2012 (77 FR 47328) This information solicitation is expected

39

Microbiological Burden on the Surfaces of Explorer XXXIII Spacecraft  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...3.60 104. However, assembly of parts which were not decontaminated for engineering reasons or were not assembled under cleanroom conditions increased the viable microbial burden at the time of launch to 2.62 105. APPLIED MIcRomoLOGy, Sept 1967, p...

Edmund M. Powers

1967-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Fast-ignition transport studies: Realistic electron source, integrated particle-in-cell and hydrodynamic modeling, imposed magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect

Transport modeling of idealized, cone-guided fast ignition targets indicates the severe challenge posed by fast-electron source divergence. The hybrid particle-in-cell (PIC) code Zuma is run in tandem with the radiation-hydrodynamics code Hydra to model fast-electron propagation, fuel heating, and thermonuclear burn. The fast electron source is based on a 3D explicit-PIC laser-plasma simulation with the PSC code. This shows a quasi two-temperature energy spectrum and a divergent angle spectrum (average velocity-space polar angle of 52 Degree-Sign ). Transport simulations with the PIC-based divergence do not ignite for >1 MJ of fast-electron energy, for a modest (70 {mu}m) standoff distance from fast-electron injection to the dense fuel. However, artificially collimating the source gives an ignition energy of 132 kJ. To mitigate the divergence, we consider imposed axial magnetic fields. Uniform fields {approx}50 MG are sufficient to recover the artificially collimated ignition energy. Experiments at the Omega laser facility have generated fields of this magnitude by imploding a capsule in seed fields of 50-100 kG. Such imploded fields will likely be more compressed in the transport region than in the laser absorption region. When fast electrons encounter increasing field strength, magnetic mirroring can reflect a substantial fraction of them and reduce coupling to the fuel. A hollow magnetic pipe, which peaks at a finite radius, is presented as one field configuration which circumvents mirroring.

Strozzi, D. J.; Tabak, M.; Larson, D. J.; Divol, L.; Kemp, A. J.; Bellei, C.; Marinak, M. M.; Key, M. H. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Symmetries Imposed on Two-Particle Systems. I. A Simple Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The consequences of imposing symmetries on two-particle systems is discussed. Such symmetries are generated by finding groups which contain the direct product of a space-time group and an internal symmetry group, and which have irreducible representation spaces spanning the space of two-particle states. Consequences of the symmetry arise from assuming that the S operator transforms as an irreducible tensor operator under this group, so that relations between reduced matrix elements occurring in a partial-wave analysis are obtained.

William H. Klink

1969-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

42

Your Perception, My Reality: The Case of Imposed Identity for Multiracial Individuals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as a Racial Cue by Skin Color 118 1 CHAPTER I IMPOSED IDENTITY: RACE IN THE 21ST CENTURY In the introduction to his 1995 memoir, Dreams of My Father, Barack Obama states, "When people who don't know me well, Black or White... Americans see President Obama as just an African American president, regardless of the fact that he publicly acknowledged his biracial heritage time and again. He has continually stated that although he was born of a White mother and a Black father, he...

Boutte-Heiniluoma, Nichole

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

43

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution burden Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

burden Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution burden Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Economic and Policy Implications of Urban...

44

Microsoft Word - AGA Comments on 2011 Regulatory Burden RFI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 15. 2011 April 15. 2011 U.S. Department of Energy Mr. Daniel Cohen Assistant General Counsel for Legislation, Regulation and Energy Efficiency Office of the General Counsel 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Via Email: Regulatory.Review@hq.doe.gov Subject: Reducing Regulatory Burden, Request for Information, Federal Register Vol. 76, No. 23, February 3, 2011 Dear Mr. Cohen: The American Gas Association (AGA) appreciates the opportunity to respond to the subject Department of Energy ("the Department") Request for Information (RFI) seeking comment and information to assist it in reviewing its existing regulations to determine whether such regulations should be modified or repealed pursuant to Executive Order 13563 ("Improving

45

Policy Flash 2010-54 Guidance on Manufactured Goods and Substantial...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

More Documents & Publications Substantial Transformation Flash2010-54.pdf Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Frequently Asked Questions...

46

Problems of improving the methods of technicoeconomic substantiation of pumped-storage stations in power systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The method of substantiating pumped-storage stations requires further development and perfection toward a more complete consideration of their system effect.

V. S. Sharygin

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Ducklings Exhibit Substantial Energy-Saving Mechanisms as a Response to Short-Term Food Shortage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

90 Ducklings Exhibit Substantial Energy-Saving Mechanisms as a Response to Short-Term Food Shortage platyrhyncos domesticus) exhibited any energy-saving mechanisms that could lessen the detrimental effects ex- hibited substantial energy-saving mechanisms as a response to diet restriction. After 5 d of diet

Bech, Claus

48

Alloy substantially free of dendrites and method of forming the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Described herein are alloys substantially free of dendrites. A method includes forming an alloy substantially free of dendrites. A superheated alloy is cooled to form a nucleated alloy. The temperature of the nucleated alloy is controlled to prevent the nuclei from melting. The nucleated alloy is mixed to distribute the nuclei throughout the alloy. The nucleated alloy is cooled with nuclei distributed throughout.

de Figueredo, Anacleto M. (West Newton, MA); Apelian, Diran (West Boylston, MA); Findon, Matt M. (Monson, MA); Saddock, Nicholas (S. Windson, CT)

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

49

Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 47328 |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 47328 Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 47328 The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is submitting these comments in response to the above-referenced request for information (RFI). In the RFI, the Department of Energy (DOE) is asking for comments on ways to streamline its regulations and to eliminate unnecessary ones, so as to make the regulations less burdensome and more effective. Reg review - DOE RFI - EEI cmts 9-7-12.pdf More Documents & Publications Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012) Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 76 Fed. Reg. 75798 (Dec. 5, 2011)

50

DOE Com Reg Burden RFI 9-7-12.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 7, 2012 September 7, 2012 Page 1 September 7, 2012 Daniel Cohen, Esq. Office of General Counsel U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Re: Regulatory Burden RFI Dear Mr. Cohen: These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) notice in the August 8, 2012 Federal Register requesting information to assist DOE in reviewing existing regulations and in making its regulatory program more effective and less burdensome. AHRI most recently submitted comments on January 4, 2012 in response to the previous Request for Information (RFI) issued by DOE in December of 2011. We note that the May 2012 Retrospective Review Plan Report does include several items addressing issues noted in our

51

Polar lakes are remote and in climatically challenging envi-ronments. As such, they impose major logistic constraints in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

191 Polar lakes are remote and in climatically challenging envi- ronments. As such, they impose through the parameteriza- tion of heat and radiation fluxes (e.g., Fang and Stefan 1996; Launiainen a remote sensing platform on a polar lake Ben Palethorpe1 , Barrie Hayes-Gill1 , John Crowe1 , Mark Sumner1

52

Influence of photoperiod on the time of birth in the rat. IV. Effects of an imposed feeding rhythm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al., 1980 ; Miyabo et al., 1980). Periodic food distribution has often been utilized in ratsInfluence of photoperiod on the time of birth in the rat. IV. Effects of an imposed feeding rhythm on the time of birth in rats, the onset of fetus expulsion was determined in six experimental groups. Under

Boyer, Edmond

53

The Economic Burden of Malaria John Luke Gallup and Jeffrey D. Sachs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Economic Burden of Malaria John Luke Gallup and Jeffrey D. Sachs CID Working Paper No. 52 July College at Harvard University Center for International Development Working Papers #12;THE ECONOMIC BURDEN been either subtropical or islands. These countries' economic growth in the five years after

54

Consolidated Storage Facilities: Camel's Nose or Shared Burden? - 13112  

SciTech Connect

The Blue Ribbon Commission (BRC) made a strong argument why the reformulated nuclear waste program should make prompt efforts to develop one or more consolidated storage facilities (CSFs), and recommended the amendment of NWPA Section 145(b) 2 (linking 'monitored retrievable storage' to repository development) as an essential means to that end. However, other than recommending that the siting of CSFs should be 'consent-based' and that spent nuclear fuel (SNF) at stranded sites should be first-in-line for removal, the Commission made few recommendations regarding how CSF development should proceed. Working with three other key Senators, Jeff Bingaman attempted in the 112. Congress to craft legislation (S. 3469) to put the BRC recommendations into legislative language. The key reason why the Nuclear Waste Administration Act of 2012 did not proceed was the inability of the four senators to agree on whether and how to amend NWPA Section 145(b). A brief review of efforts to site consolidated storage since the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987 suggests a strong and consistent motivation to shift the burden to someone (anyone) else. This paper argues that modification of NWPA Section 145(b) should be accompanied by guidelines for regional development and operation of CSFs. After review of the BRC recommendations regarding CSFs, and the 'camel's nose' prospects if implementation is not accompanied by further guidelines, the paper outlines a proposal for implementation of CSFs on a regional basis, including priorities for removal from reactor sites and subsequently from CSFs to repositories. Rather than allowing repository siting to be prejudiced by the location of a single remote CSF, the regional approach limits transport for off-site acceptance and storage, increases the efficiency of removal operations, provides a useful basis for compensation to states and communities that accept CSFs, and gives states with shared circumstances a shared stake in storage and disposal in an integrated national program. (authors)

Williams, James M. [Western Interstate Energy Board, 1600 Broadway, Suite 1700, Denver CO 80202 (United States)] [Western Interstate Energy Board, 1600 Broadway, Suite 1700, Denver CO 80202 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Wind energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thematic note to substantiate Risø's strategy ­ impact on society Wind energy Impact on society: Sustainable energy supply Introduction The Danish wind turbine industry with approx. 20,000 employees supplies supply approx. 20% of the electricity consumption in the Danish energy system. Hence wind energy

56

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Fuel cells and hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thematic note to substantiate Risø's strategy ­ impact on society Fuel cells and hydrogen Impact's efforts within the area of fuel cells and hydrogen is to contribute to establishing the necessary platform cells and Electrolysis and other hydrogen technologies. Impact The overall object of strengthening Risø

57

Marine and freshwater fish support important angling industries that provide substantial benefit to local  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marine and freshwater fish support important angling industries that provide substantial benefit, it is important to evaluate how different stressors associated with this type of fishing affect fish survival. What follows is a brief Q & A review on the effects of air exposure. How long can a fish live out

Watson, Craig A.

58

Eco-burden in pavement maintenance: Effects from excess traffic growth and overload  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Road pavement is designed to support certain usage conditions. However, many abnormal usages above regulated level often happen. Excess traffic growth is considered as a factor influencing road life-performance. Overload phenomenon has also long been recognized as an unexpected force causing extreme decrease of road performance. This study investigates the eco-burden effect of road construction in its maintenance phase along with the influence of above factors in shortening road life-cycle. Because of that, life-cycle assessment (LCA) is used to calculate the eco-burden impact. Furthermore, they are two different options taken for pavement materials: hot-mix and recycled asphalt. They are compared in order to provide comprehensive investigation results for decision makers. Eco-Indicator 99 is used as the impact database in order to standardize calculation processes. Seven sections of Pantura (Pantai Utara – North Beach) road, Indonesia, are picked up to be the case studies as a basis in understanding correlation between all factors to eco-burden impact in road maintenance. This study concludes that each of excess traffic growth and overload is positively correlated with the increase of eco-burden impact. The more extreme shortening of road life-cycle, the more eco-burden will be produced, and it will increase faster in polynomial functions. By looking at previous studies which tend to focus on eco-burden in ideal condition of road life-cycle, this study throws new light on the effects of abnormal phenomena on road usage which shorten pavement life-performance as well as increase eco-burden impacts.

Corinthias P.M. Sianipar; Kiyoshi Dowaki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Method for the substantial reduction of quenching effects in luminescence spectrometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method for reducing quenching effects in analytical luminescence measurements. Two embodiments of the present invention are described which relate to a form of time resolution based on the amplitudes and phase shifts of modulated emission signals. In the first embodiment, the measured modulated emission signal is substantially independent of sample quenching at sufficiently high frequencies. In the second embodiment, the modulated amplitude and the phase shift between the emission signal and the excitation source are simultaneously measured. Using either method, the observed modulated amplitude may be reduced to its unquenched value. 3 figs.

Demas, J.N.; Jones, W.M.; Keller, R.A.

1987-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

60

Minimization of Blast furnace Fuel Rate by Optimizing Burden and Gas Distribution  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the research is to improve the competitive edge of steel mills by using the advanced CFD technology to optimize the gas and burden distributions inside a blast furnace for achieving the best gas utilization. A state-of-the-art 3-D CFD model has been developed for simulating the gas distribution inside a blast furnace at given burden conditions, burden distribution and blast parameters. The comprehensive 3-D CFD model has been validated by plant measurement data from an actual blast furnace. Validation of the sub-models is also achieved. The user friendly software package named Blast Furnace Shaft Simulator (BFSS) has been developed to simulate the blast furnace shaft process. The research has significant benefits to the steel industry with high productivity, low energy consumption, and improved environment.

Dr. Chenn Zhou

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Dynamical Simulations of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity Using Observed Low-Frequency SST Oscillation Imposed on CMIP5 Model RCP4.5 SST Projections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects on early and late twenty-first-century North Atlantic tropical cyclone statistics resulting from imposing the patterns of maximum/minimum phases of the observed Atlantic multidecadal oscillation (AMO) onto projected sea surface ...

Timothy E. LaRow; Lydia Stefanova; Chana Seitz

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus, and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

Elliott, G.R.B.; Barraclough, B.L.; Vanderborgh, N.E.

1981-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

63

Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus, carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

Elliott, Guy R. B. (Los Alamos, NM); Barraclough, Bruce L. (Santa Fe, NM); Vanderborgh, Nicholas E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Microsoft Word - NAESCO Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, Final.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 1615 M Street, NW, Suite 800 Tel 202/822-0950 Washington, DC 20036 Fax 202/822-0955 http://www.naesco.org May 29, 2012 U.S. Department of Energy Office of the General Counsel 1000 Independence Avenue SW., Room 6A245 Washington, DC 20585 Re: Regulatory Burden RFI Dear Sir or Madam: The National Association of Energy Service Companies (NAESCO) appreciates the opportunity to submit these comments in response to the Request for Information (RFI) entitled, "Reducing Regulatory Burden," published in the Federal Register on May 15, 2012.

65

The Department of Energy's Request for Information on Reducing Regulatory Burden  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy's Department of Energy's Request for Information on Reducing Regulatory Burden Submitted on June 18, 2012 On behalf of the Natural Resources Defense Council and our more than 1.3 million members and online activists, we submit the following comments in response to the Department of Energy's (DOE) Request for Information on Reducing Regulatory Burden. (77 Federal Register 28518, May 15, 2012) NRDC has spent decades working to build and improve the Department of Energy's ("DOE") federal appliance standards programs because of the important energy, environmental, and consumer benefits of appliance

66

Increasing atmospheric burden of ethanol in the United States J. A. de Gouw,1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing atmospheric burden of ethanol in the United States J. A. de Gouw,1,2 J. B. Gilman,1,2 A; revised 25 June 2012; accepted 1 July 2012; published 4 August 2012. [1] The use of ethanol 10% ethanol. In accordance with this increased use, atmospheric measurements of volatile organic

Goldstein, Allen

67

Technical considerations for evaluating substantially complete containment of high-level waste within the waste package  

SciTech Connect

This report deals with technical information that is considered essential for demonstrating the ability of the high-level radioactive waste package to provide substantially complete containment'' of its contents (vitrified waste form or spent light-water reactor fuel) for a period of 300 to 1000 years in a geological repository environment. The discussion is centered around technical considerations of the repository environment, materials and fabrication processes for the waste package components, various degradation modes of the materials of construction of the waste packages, and inspection and monitoring of the waste package during the preclosure and retrievability period, which could begin up to 50 years after initiation of waste emplacement. The emphasis in this report is on metallic materials. However, brief references have been made to other materials such as ceramics, graphite, bonded ceramic-metal systems, and other types of composites. The content of this report was presented to an external peer review panel of nine members at a workshop held at the Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses (CNWRA), Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, April 2--4, 1990. The recommendations of the peer review panel have been incorporated in this report. There are two companion reports; the second report in the series provides state-of-the-art techniques for uncertainty evaluations. 97 refs., 1 fig.

Manaktala, H.K. (Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (USA). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses); Interrante, C.G. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (USA). Div. of High-Level Waste Management)

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Health Impacts from Urban Air Pollution in China: The Burden to the Economy and the Benefits of Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health Impacts from Urban Air Pollution in China: The Burden to the Economy and the Benefits and Policy Program #12;2 #12;Health Impacts from Urban Air Pollution in China: The Burden to the Economy, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in significant adverse health impacts for its large

69

Systemic Administration of a Conditionally Replicating Adenovirus, Targeted to Angiogenesis, Reduced Lung Metastases Burden in Cotton Rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Reduced Lung Metastases Burden in Cotton Rats Michael Peled 1 2 4 Aviv Shaish 1 2 Avi...AdPPE3x-E1 was also tested in a cotton rat lung metastases model. Results: The replication...reduced the lung metastases burden in a cotton rat model by 55, compared with saline-treated...

Michael Peled; Aviv Shaish; Avi Katav; Shoshana Greenberger; Iris Barshack; Reshef Tal; Livnat Bangio; Eyal Breitbart; Dror Harats

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Estimation of two-parameter multilevel item response models with predictor variables: simulation and substantiation for an urban school district  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IRT models. However, models such as 2-PL MLIRT models have not been studied yet. This dissertation consists of two studies, a simulation and a substantiation for an urban school district dataset. The simulation study tested the performance...

Natesan, Prathiba

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

The only way to achieve low carbon emission targets is to substantially reduce the energy used in buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11 KTA@Bath Challenge The only way to achieve low carbon emission targets is to substantially research and lead the education of highly skilled low carbon designers. These Centres will have strong

Burton, Geoffrey R.

72

United States-Mexico electricity transfers: Of alien electrons and the migration of undocumented environmental burdens  

SciTech Connect

This article intends to set forth the necessity for reform in the United States policy and procedures regarding approval of power transfers between the United States and Mexico. In order to do this, the article will review the history of electrical power transfers between the United States and Mexico (Part II), analyze recent regulatory changes in the United States and Mexico which may result in increased power exports to Mexico (Part III), evaluate the extent to which the present permit and authorization system in the United States considers the increased environmental burden of such power transfers (Part IV), and, where appropriate, propose some procedural and policy reforms that could take into account the environmental burdens generated by the production of power destined for transfer across the United States-Mexico border (Part V).

Gandara, A. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Abstract--Replacing open-heart surgical procedures with beating-heart interventions substantially decreases the trauma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract-- Replacing open-heart surgical procedures with beating-heart interventions substantially on the beating heart is valve repair. To address this need, this paper proposes a tool for replacing mitral valve replacement and reduction of regurgitation was demonstrated in an ex-vivo heart simulator. I. INTRODUCTION UE

Dupont, Pierre

74

Role of fast reactor and its cycle to reduce nuclear waste burden  

SciTech Connect

The role of the metal fuel fast reactor with recycling of actinides and the five long-lived fission products based on the concept of the Self-Consistent Nuclear Energy System has been examined by evaluating the reduction of nuclear wastes during the transition period to this reactor system. The evaluation was done in comparison to an LWR once-through case and a conventional actinide recycling oxide fast reactor. As a result, it is quantitatively clarified that a metal fuel fast reactor with actinide and the five long-lived fission products (I{sup 129}, Tc{sup 99}, Zr{sup 93}, Cs{sup 135} and Sn{sup 126}) recycling could play a significant role in reducing the nuclear waste burden including the current LWR wastes. This can be achieved by using a fast neutron spectrum reactor enhanced with metal fuel that brings high capability as a 'waste burner'. (authors)

Arie, Kazuo; Oomori, Takashi; Okita, Takeshi [Toshiba Corporation, 8, Shinsugita-cho, Isogo-ku, Yokohama 235-8523 (Japan); Kawashima, Masatoshi [Toshiba Nuclear Engineering Services Corporation, 8, Shinsugita-cho, Isogo-ku, Yokohama, 235-8523 (Japan); Kotake, Shoji [The Japan Atomic Power Company, 1-1, Kanda-Mitoshiro-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-0053 (Japan); Fuji-ie, Yoichi [Nuclear Salon Fuji-ie, 1-11-10, Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0034 (Japan)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

A Process for Reducing the Licensing Burden for New Products Containing Depleted Uranium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-01 3-01 A Process for Reducing the Licensing Burden for New Products Containing Depleted Uranium Environmental Assessment Division Argonne National Laboratory Operated by The University of Chicago, under Contract W-31-109-Eng-38, for the United States Department of Energy Argonne National Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated by The University of Chicago under contract W-31-109-Eng-38. DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The University of Chicago, nor any of their employees or officers, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes

76

Sources of local variation in polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon and pesticide body burden in oysters (Crassostrea virginica) from Galveston Bay, Texas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. Eggs and sperm contain significantly more PAH (polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon) than somatic tissues in oysters (Crassostrea virginica) taken from Galveston Bay. 2. The quantity of gonadal material was the most important correlate of PAH body burden. 3. Eggs, but not sperm, were enriched in chlorinated compounds (e.g. DDD, chlordane), while both eggs and sperm were enriched in total \\{PCBs\\} relative to somatic tissue. 4. Oysters may lose up to 50% of their total body burden of certain \\{PAHs\\} and pesticides in a single spawn.

Matthew S. Ellis; Kwang-Sik Choi; Terry L. Wade; Eric N. Powell; Thomas J. Jackson; Donald H. Lewis

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. XX, NO. X, DECEMBER 2007 1 Spatial Model for Energy Burden Balancing and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by multi-hop relaying, it is critical to provide mechanisms to conserve energy due to nodes' limitedIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. XX, NO. X, DECEMBER 2007 1 Spatial Model for Energy Burden Balancing and Data Fusion in Sensor Networks Detecting Bursty Events Seung Jun Baek and Gustavo de

de Veciana, Gustavo

78

A process for reducing the licensing burden for new products containing depleted uranium.  

SciTech Connect

This report is intended to provide guidance on the process for petitioning the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to initiate a rulemaking that could reduce the licensing burden for new products containing depleted uranium (DU), which are being investigated by the DU Uses Research and Development (R&D) Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The focus is on requirements of the NRC rulemaking process applicable to establishing new exemptions or general licenses for products and devices containing source material. NRC policies and guidance regarding such requirements are described, including a 1965 policy statement on approval of new exemptions for products containing radionuclides (''Federal Register'', Volume 30, page 3462 [30 FR 3462]; March 16, 1965) and Regulatory Guide 6.7, which addresses the contents of environmental reports that support rulemaking petitions seeking exemptions for radionuclide-containing products. Methodologies for calculating radiological and nonradiological impacts on human health (i.e., risks) associated with distributing, using, and disposing of DU-containing products are presented. Also, methodologies for completing assessments of the potential effects of accidents involving new DU-containing products and of product misuse are described. The report recommends that the U.S. Department of Energy formulate a regulatory plan for deployment of DU-containing products in areas that are not already radiologically controlled. Such a plan is needed because deployment of new DU-containing products may be difficult under existing NRC licensing requirements. To provide a basis for the regulatory plan, it is recommended that detailed assessments of the radiological and nonradiological risks of distributing, using, and disposing of DU-containing products be conducted. Such assessments should be initiated as soon as sufficient data are available from the ongoing DU Uses R&D Program at ORNL to support the analyses.

Ranek, N. L.; Kamboj, S.; Hartmann, H. M.; Avci, H.

2004-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

79

Reflective 'cool' roofs under aerosol-burdened skies: radiative benefits across selected Indian cities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of reflective surfaces offers one low-cost solution for reducing solar loading to urban environments and the Earth that should be considered as part of sustainable urban design. Here, we characterize the radiative benefits, i.e. the additional shortwave radiation leaving the atmosphere, from the installation of highly reflective 'cool' roofs in urban areas in India that face relatively large local aerosol burdens. We use a previously tested column radiative transfer model to estimate the energy per unit area reflected to space from increasing the surface albedo at six cities within India. The model is used to characterize radiative transfer each day over five years (2008–2012) based on mid-day satellite retrievals of MODIS aerosol depth, cloud water path, and average surface albedo and MERRA atmospheric profiles of temperature and composition. Compared against ten months of field observations in two cities, the model derived incoming surface shortwave radiation estimates relative to observations show small biases (0.5% and ?2.6%, at Pantnagar and Nainital, respectively). Despite the high levels of local aerosols we found cool roofs provided significant radiative benefits at all locations. Averaged over the five year period we found that increasing the albedo of 1 m2 of roof area by 0.5 would reflect to space 0.9–1.2 kWh daily from 08:30–15:30 LST, depending on location. This is equivalent to a constant forcing of 37–50 W m?2 (equivalent to reducing CO2 emissions by 74 to 101 kg CO2 m?2 roof area). Last, we identify a co-benefit of improving air quality, in that removing aerosols from the atmosphere could increase the radiative benefits from cool roofs by 23–74%, with the largest potential increase found at Delhi and the smallest change found at Nainital.

D E Millstein; M L Fischer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Systematic variations in strip-out factors used in the assessment of plutonium and americium lung burdens at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in partial fulfillment of the requirements fo the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Health Physics SYSTEMATIC VARIATIONS IN STRIP-OUT FACTORS USED IN THE ASSESSMENT OF PLUTONIUM AND AMERICIUM LUNG BURDENS AT LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL... Variations in Strip-Out Factors Used in the Assessment of Plutonium and Americium Lung Burdens at Los Alamos National Laboratory. (December 1992) Steven Charles Myers, B. A. , State University of New York College at Buffalo; M. Ed. , State University...

Myers, Steven Charles

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Currently, there is a substantial research and development effort directed toward optical signal processing and electronic signal processing for fiber-optic communications. Much of the work  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Currently, there is a substantial research and development effort directed toward optical signal processing and electronic signal processing for fiber-optic communications. Much of the work for telecommunication services. For optical signal proc- essing, a variety of approaches are available for implementing

Wu, Shin-Tson

82

Establish the multi-source data fusion model of the shape of blast furnace burden surface based on co-universal kriging estimation method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a multi-source data fusion model method which could improve the blast furnace (BF) burden surface model accuracy. First, the three sections of straight line are used to describe the cross section of BF burden surface, and apply the motion law of the furnace burden to constrain the specific parameters of the three sections of straight line. Secondly, a multi-source data fusion method based on co-universal kriging estimation method is proposed. The temperature and height data are combined to build the unbiased estimation for the burden surface shape. Finally, an example of surface shape model using our proposed method in a 2500 m³ BF of a steel plant is discussed. The application shows that, contrasted with the traditional model, the model accuracy has arisen by 8%, and the resolution of surface shape has arisen by 0.32. The novel method can provide necessary guidance for energy saving and emission reduction in operation of the BF.

Liangliang Miao; Xianzhong Chen; Shilong Zhao; Zhenlong Bai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The use of comparative {sup 137}Cs body burden estimates from environmental data/models and whole body counting to evaluate diet models for the ingestion pathway  

SciTech Connect

Rongelap and Utirik Atolls were contaminated on 1 March 1954, by a U.S. nuclear test at Bikini Atoll code named BRAVO. The people at both atolls were removed from their atolls in the first few days after the detonation and were returned to their atolls at different times. Detailed studies have been carried out over the years by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to determine the radiological conditions at the atolls and estimate the doses to the populations. The contribution of each exposure pathway and radionuclide have been evaluated. All dose assessments show that the major potential contribution to the estimated dose is {sup 137}Cs uptake via the terrestrial food chain. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) has carried out an extensive whole body counting program at both atolls over several years to directly measure the {sup 137}Cs body burden. Here we compare the estimates of the body burdens from the LLNL environmental method with body burdens measured by the BNL whole body counting method. The combination of the results from both methods is used to evaluate proposed diet models to establish more realistic dose assessments. Very good agreement is achieved between the two methods with a diet model that includes both local and imported foods. Other diet models greatly overestimate the body burdens (i.e., dose) observed by whole body counting. The upper 95% confidence limit of interindividual variability around the population mean value based on the environmental method is similar to that calculated from direct measurement by whole body counting. Moreover, the uncertainty in the population mean value based on the environmental method is in very good agreement with the whole body counting data. This provides additional confidence in extrapolating the estimated doses calculated by the environmental method to other islands and atolls. 46 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

Robison, W.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Sun, C. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

On imposing connectivity constraints in integer programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tions: the construction of virtual backbones for wireless sensor networks [10,5], ... provided by lifting is key to our proofs, so we also provide some background.

2015-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

85

Imposing Minimal Memory Ordering on Multiprocessors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

symposium on Computer architecture, ISCA ’95, pages 24–36,symposium on Computer Architecture, ISCA ’90, pages [6] W.symposium on Computer architecture, ISCA ’09, pages 233–244,

Lin, Changhui

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Modeling Operational Constraints imposed by Renewable Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

investments on ­ Generation, Transmission ­ Fuel & Transportation infrastructure · Capacity · Location · Year Regulation data and Net Load change data ­ ex: ERCOT 2. Function of variability in (Net load + Generation schedule + Tie line frequency) · ex: CAISO, NREL, Xcel MN & Wind Logics 3. Fit regression model

Daniels, Thomas E.

87

The concept of new-generation steam turbines for the coal power engineering of Russia. Part 2. Substantiating the long-term strength of the steam turbine’s high-temperature rotors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility of constructing a K-660-30 two-cylinder steam turbine for ultrasupercritical steam conditions with reheating, the ... is substantiated. It is shown that this turbine can be constructed using the a...

A. G. Kostyuk; V. G. Gribin; A. D. Trukhnii

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Analysis of Global Economic and Environmental Impacts of a Substantial Increase in Bioenergy Wallace E. Tyner (wtyner@purdue.edu), Thomas W. Hertel, Farzad Taheripour*, and Dileep K. Birur  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of Global Economic and Environmental Impacts of a Substantial Increase in Bioenergy much insight into how alternative bioenergy production scenarios could change global agricultural markets and land-use, with repercussions for international trade. As the World Bank reports, nearly 70

89

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE 19. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF ABSTRACT 15. NUMBER OF PAGES 16. PRICE CODE 20 such an environment, which can then be evaluated for its training effectiveness. This thesis proves the feasibility

McDowell, Perry

90

Substantially parallel flux uncluttered rotor machines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A permanent magnet-less and brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by polyphase alternating currents. An uncluttered rotor is positioned within the magnetic rotating field and is spaced apart from the stator. An excitation core is spaced apart from the stator and the uncluttered rotor and magnetically couples the uncluttered rotor. The brushless excitation source generates a magnet torque by inducing magnetic poles near an outer peripheral surface of the uncluttered rotor, and the stator currents also generate a reluctance torque by a reaction of the difference between the direct and quadrature magnetic paths of the uncluttered rotor. The system can be used either as a motor or a generator

Hsu, John S.

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

91

Regulatory Burden RFI from AHRI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) notice in the December 5, 2011 Federal...

92

Substantial enhancement in intrinsic coercivity on M-type strontium hexaferrite through the increase in magneto-crystalline anisotropy by co-doping of group-V and alkali elements  

SciTech Connect

The effect of d{sup 1} impurity doping in Sr-hexaferrite (SrM) on the magnetic anisotropy is investigated. First-principles calculations revealed that group-V elements (V, Nb) are stabilized with co-doping of alkali elements. Na{sup 1+}/K{sup 1+} doping at Sr{sup 2+}-site is found to be critical to form the d{sup 1} impurities at Fe-site. Experimentally, Na–V doped SrM shows the intrinsic coercivity of ?5.4 kOe, which is ?300% enhancement compared to undoped SrM and comparable value to La–Co co-doped SrM. Finally, the spin-orbit coupling from non-vanishing angular momentum of d{sup 1} impurity in SrM should be a main factor for such a substantial improvement of intrinsic coercivity.

Ahn, Kyunghan, E-mail: kyunghan.ahn@samsung.com; Ryu, Byungki; Korolev, Dmitry; Jae Kang, Young [Materials R and D Center, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-712 (Korea, Republic of)] [Materials R and D Center, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-712 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

93

Limitations imposed by wearing armour on Medieval soldiers' locomotor performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Heglund, T. A. McMahon, and T. R. Looney 1980 Energetic cost of generating...J. Exp. Biol. 86, 9-18. 3 Marsh, R. L. , D. J. Ellerby, H. T...02226 ) 4 Ellerby, D. J. , and R. L. Marsh 2006 The energetic costs of trunk...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Phosphate Imposed Limitations on Biological Reduction and Alteration...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

high aqueous concentrations of phosphate, ferrous iron, and biogenic bicarbonate. Goethite and lepidocrocite, characteristic biomineralization products at low ferrous-iron...

95

Reducing Regulatory Burden EO 13563 Fifth RFI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

As part of its implementation of Executive Order 13563, ‘‘Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review,’’ issued by the President on January 18, 2011, the Department of Energy(Department or DOE) is...

96

Regulatory Burden RFI | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

The Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) respectfully submits the following comments to the Department of Energy (DOE) on its Request for Information on reducing...

97

Reducing Regulatory Burden - EO 13563 Retrospective Review |...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules Regulatory and Financial Reform of Federal Research Policy: Recommendations to the NRC Committee on Research...

98

Estimating the Burden of Neurocysticercosis in Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

region (p< 0.05). The mean total number of DALYs lost due to NCC in Mexico was estimated to be 99,866 (95 percent CR: 43,187 –189,182), with a mean of 0.95 (95 percent CR: 0.4–1.8) DALYs lost per thousand persons per year....

Bhattarai, Rachana

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

99

documentation to Human Resources to substantiate the qualifying event  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Eligible enrolled participants will be protected 24-hours a day, 365 days a year, for covered accidents Designation You may name any beneficiary(ies) you wish. If you purchase coverage for your family under

100

Substantial Progress towards 12 GeV | Jefferson Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

State University, has had its vessel closed in the past week and should be here by spring 2015. The large dipole coils being fabricated in France have completed winding and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

1. ABSTRACT Clouds substantially affect the observed infrared  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

initial guess Clouds vary over orders from BT difference between observed of magnitude and Jacobians of clouds 4. TESTING ASSUMPTIONS: FORWARD MODEL ERRORS * Comparing model that includes scattering (CHARTS heights and optical depths can be adequately modeled by our approach 3. ASSUMPTIONS / APPROACH In order

102

Process improvement and analytics of commercial material substantiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sikorsky is currently negotiating the SDTA proposal for the CH-53K helicopter. Due to the Truth In Negotiations Act (TINA), when submitting a proposal to the government all suppliers with a total award greater than $700,000 ...

Freeman, Carolyn Marie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Substantially Parallel Flux Uncluttered Rotor Machines (U-Machine...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

brushless adjustable field excitation for high starting torque, field weakening, and power factor improvement and novel locks for higher peak speed. This novel machine shows...

104

Examination of body burden and taint for Iceland scallop (chlamys islandica) and American plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides) near the terra nova offshore oil development over ten Years of drilling on the grand Banks of Newfoundland, Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents results of analyses of body burdens of metals and hydrocarbons and taste tests for taint in Iceland scallop and American plaice performed as part of the Environmental Effects Monitoring (EEM) program for the Terra Nova offshore oil development (Grand Banks of Newfoundland, Canada). Scallop and plaice were collected in a Study Area located within approximately 1 km of drill centres at Terra Nova and in a Reference Area located approximately 20 km from the development. Samples were collected in 1997 to establish a baseline, and from 2000 to 2010, during drilling periods. Scallop adductor muscle was contaminated with >C10-C21aliphatic hydrocarbons resembling the drilling fluid in the synthetic drilling mud (SBM) used at Terra Nova in 2000, 2002 and 2004, but contamination of adductor muscle was not noted in 2006, 2008 and 2010. The maximum concentration in muscle was 28 mg/kg wet weight, noted in 2002. Scallop viscera was contaminated with hydrocarbons resembling drilling fluid in \\{SBMs\\} near drill centres in all EEM years except 2010. Viscera contamination with >C10-C21 hydrocarbons gradually decreased from a maximum of 150 mg/kg in 2000, to a maximum of 27 mg/kg in 2008; all values were below the laboratory reporting detection limit of 15 mg/kg in 2010. Therefore, evidence from both muscle and viscera indicates a decrease in tissue hydrocarbon contamination in recent years. Barium, another major constituent in drilling muds, has not been noted in scallop adductor muscles at concentrations above the reporting detection limit, but barium was detected in viscera in baseline and EEM years. The maximum concentration of barium in viscera during baseline sampling was 8 mg/kg. The maximum concentration in EEM years (29 mg/kg) was noted in 2000. The maximum concentration in 2010 was 25 mg/kg. The concentration of metals other than barium in scallop tissues was similar between the Terra Nova Study Area and the Reference Area. Hydrocarbons resembling the fluid in SBM were noted in one American plaice liver sample collected near drill centres in 2000. Otherwise, there has been no evidence of project-related metals or hydrocarbon contamination in plaice liver or fillet samples. There has been no evidence of taint (off-taste) for scallop adductor muscle and plaice fillet tissue in baseline or EEM years. Combined with a parallel study on fish bioindicators at Terra Nova that showed that fish health at Terra Nova was similar to that at the Reference Area (Mathieu et al., 2011), these results indicate little to no detectable biological effects on Iceland scallop and American plaice as a result of Terra Nova activities.

Elisabeth M. DeBlois; Joe W. Kiceniuk; Michael D. Paine; Bruce W. Kilgour; Ellen Tracy; Roger Crowley; Urban P. Williams; G. Gregory Janes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A study on power assists for bicycle rickshaws in India, including fabrication of test apparatus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bicycle rickshaws impose significant physical burdens on their drivers. Used throughout India for transportation, these rickshaws are not designed for driver comfort and safety. Instead, traditional rickshaws are only ...

Hickman, Madeline R. (Madeline Ruth)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Google, ou comment s'imposer comme un point de passage oblig 1. Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, sur le livre de John Battelle « The Search » pour les aspects économiques et stratégiques de la of a large-scale hypertextual web search engine » qui traite du fonctionnement de Google sur le plan d'un projet de recherche pour travailler sur un moteur d'analyse des liens hypertextes qu

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

107

Phosphate Imposed Limitations on Biological Reduction and Alteration of Ferrihydrite Mineralization  

SciTech Connect

Biogeochemical transformation (inclusive of dissolution) of iron (hydr)oxides resulting from dissimilatory reduction has a pronounced impact on the fate and transport of nutrients and contaminants in subsurface environments. Despite the reactivity noted for pristine (unreacted) minerals, iron (hydr)oxides within native environments will likely have a different reactivity owing in part to changes in surface composition. Accordingly, here we explore the impact of surface modifications induced by phosphate adsorption on ferrihydrite reduction by Shewanella putrefaciens under static and advective flow conditions. Alterations in surface reactivity induced by phosphate adsorption change the extent, nearly linearly, and pathway of iron biomineralization. Magnetite is the most appreciable mineralization product while minor amounts of vivianite and green rust-like phases are formed in systems having high aqueous concentrations of phosphate, ferrous iron, and biogenic bicarbonate. Goethite and lepidocrocite, characteristic biomineralization products at low ferrous-iron concentrations, are inhibited in the presence of adsorbed phosphate. Considering deviations in reactivity of iron (hydr)oxides with changes in surface composition is important for deciphering mineralization pathways under native conditions and predicting reactive characteristics.

Borch, Thomas; Masue, Yoko; Kukkadapu, Ravi K.; Fendorf, Scott

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Legal Doctrine and Self Imposed Norms: Examining the Politics of Stare Decisis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the importance of unconditional love, the value of grace, faith, and forgiveness, and the endless power of joy and laughter. viii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii DEDICATION... in a capacity to annoy or injure them." Despite this limited power, the concern of the rule of law is central to any discussion on the judiciary. The American legal system is rooted in the English Common law. In this tradition, jurists formulate...

Craig, Mckinzie

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

109

System-Response Issues Imposed by Biodiesel in a Medium-Duty Diesel Engine  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The objective of the current research is to assess differences in NOx emissions between biodiesel and petroleum diesel fuels, resulting from fundamental issues and system-response issues.

110

Radiant cooling in US office buildings: Towards eliminating the perception of climate-imposed barriers  

SciTech Connect

Much attention is being given to improving the efficiency of air-conditioning systems through the promotion of more efficient cooling technologies. One such alternative, radiant cooling, is the subject of this thesis. Performance information from Western European buildings equipped with radiant cooling systems indicates that these systems not only reduce the building energy consumption but also provide additional economic and comfort-related benefits. Their potential in other markets such as the US has been largely overlooked due to lack of practical demonstration, and to the absence of simulation tools capable of predicting system performance in different climates. This thesis describes the development of RADCOOL, a simulation tool that models thermal and moisture-related effects in spaces equipped with radiant cooling systems. The thesis then conducts the first in-depth investigation of the climate-related aspects of the performance of radiant cooling systems in office buildings. The results of the investigation show that a building equipped with a radiant cooling system can be operated in any US climate with small risk of condensation. For the office space examined in the thesis, employing a radiant cooling system instead of a traditional all-air system can save on average 30% of the energy consumption and 27% of the peak power demand due to space conditioning. The savings potential is climate-dependent, and is larger in retrofitted buildings than in new construction. This thesis demonstrates the high performance potential of radiant cooling systems across a broad range of US climates. It further discusses the economics governing the US air-conditioning market and identifies the type of policy interventions and other measures that could encourage the adoption of radiant cooling in this market.

Stetiu, C.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Investigation of the nonlinear response of turbulent premixed flames to imposed inlet velocity oscillations  

SciTech Connect

Acoustically forced lean premixed turbulent bluff-body stabilized flames are investigated using turbulent combustion CFD. The calculations simulate aspects of the experimental investigation by Balachandran et al. [R. Balachandran, B. Ayoola, C. Kaminski, A. Dowling, E. Mastorakos, Combust. Flame 143 (2005) 37-55] and focus on the amplitude dependence of the flame response. For the frequencies of interest in this investigation an unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) approach is appropriate. The combustion is represented using a modified laminar flamelet approach with an algebraic representation of the flame surface density. The predictions are compared with flame surface density (FSD) and OH* chemiluminescence measurements. In the experiments the response of the flame has been quantified by means of a number of single-frequency, amplitude-dependent transfer functions. The predicted flame shape and position are in good agreement with the experiment. The dynamic response of the flame to inlet velocity forcing is also well captured by the calculations. At moderate frequencies nonlinear behavior of the transfer functions is observed as the forcing amplitude is increased. In the experiments this nonlinearity was attributed in part to the rollup of the reacting shear layer into vortices and in part to the collision of the inner and outer flame sheets. This transition to nonlinearity is also observed in the transfer functions obtained from the predictions. Furthermore, the vortex shedding and flame-sheet collapse may be seen in snapshots of the predicted flow field taken throughout the forcing cycle. The URANS methodology successfully predicts the behavior of the forced premixed turbulent flames and captures the effects of saturation in the transfer function of the response of the heat release to velocity fluctuations. (author)

Armitage, C.A.; Mastorakos, E.; Cant, R.S. [Department of Engineering, Trumpington Street, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 1PZ (United Kingdom); Balachandran, R. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University College London, Torrington Place, London, WC1E 7JE (United Kingdom)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

112

Correlation equations for endemic diseases: externally imposed and internally generated heterogeneity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...continual source of `fuel'. This paper considers...tible^infectious^recovered (SIR) model with births...class, hence we nd that recovered sites are connected to...correlation model (2), solid line. From the main...susceptibles are surrounded by recovered individuals and so are...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Developed Countries' Imposed Standards on Trade of Agricultural Imports from Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and providing disease eradication services has successfully solved this coordination problem and industrialized this sector in Namibia. For its European customers, Meatco maintains sales subsidiaries in the United Kingdom, Germany, and the Netherlands... not ?export-parity? pricing. The parastatal is an extensive network of facilities and subsidiaries. It operates two EU- approved abattoirs, one in Lobatse and the other in Francistown, with a combined throughput of 1,200 cattle per day. It maintains...

Cabrera, Raul; Cochran, Matt; Dangelmayr, Lauren; D'Aguilar, Gavin; Lee, Jeongwoo; Speir, Ian; Weigand, Courtney

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Self-imposed self-assessment program at a DOE Nuclear Facility  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Materials and Technology (NMT) Division at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has implemented a performance-based self-assessment program at the TA-55 plutonium facility. The program was conceptualized and developed by LANL`s internal assessment group, AA-2. The management walkaround program fosters continuous improvement in NMT products and performance of its activities. The program, based on experience from the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations, is endorsed at the site by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Environment, Safety, and Health (ES&H) personnel and by the Defense Nuclear Facility Safety Board. The self-assessment program focuses on how work is actually performed rather than on paperwork or process compliance. Managers critically and continually assess ES&H, conduct of operations, and other functional area requirements.

Geoffrion, R.R.; Loud, J.J.; Walter, E.C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

115

Leaf Asymmetry as a Developmental Constraint Imposed by Auxin-Dependent Phyllotactic Patterning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...move after initiation, as they were no longer explicitly tied to the primordium centers...TCS SP5 confocal microscope using a 63 long distance objective. The depth of z-sections...directions of curvature. As such a dome or valley would both have positive curvature (product...

Daniel H. Chitwood; Lauren R. Headland; Aashish Ranjan; Ciera C. Martinez; Siobhan A. Braybrook; Daniel P. Koenig; Cris Kuhlemeier; Richard S. Smith; Neelima R. Sinha

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

116

Boundary-layer transition on broad cones rotating in an imposed axial flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the fuel efficiency through increased noise and energy dissipation, and for projectile applications films of optical and electrical materials on substrates in the electrochemical industry. Such reactors

117

The Continued Oppression of Middleclass Mexican Americans: An Examination of Imposed and Negotiated Racial Identities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

semistructured open ended interviews (1-3 hours each), 10 months of ethnography in Phoenix and San Antonio, as well as a descriptive analysis of the Alamo monument website and Maricopa County Sheriff’s Office 2011 press releases this dissertation examines how...

Delgado, Daniel Justino

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

118

Magneto-convective models of red dwarfs: constraints imposed by the lithium abundance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic fields impede the onset of convection, thereby altering the thermal structure of a convective envelope in a low mass star: this has an effect on the amount of lithium depletion in a magnetized star. In order to quantify this effect, we have applied a magneto-convective model to two low mass stars for which lithium abundances and precise structural parameters are known: YY Gem and CU Cnc. For both stars, we have obtained models which satisfy empirical constraints on the following parameters: R, L, surface magnetic field strength, and Li abundance. In the case of YY Gem, we have obtained a model which satisfies the empirical constraints with an internal magnetic field of several megagauss: such a field strength is within the range of a dynamo where the field energy is in equipartition with rotational energy deep inside the convection zone. However, in the case of CU Cnc, the Li requires an internal magnetic field which is probably too strong for a dynamo origin: we suggest possible alternatives which m...

MacDonald, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Isorotation and differential rotation in a magnetic mirror with imposed E Multiplication-Sign B rotation  

SciTech Connect

Doppler spectroscopy of helium impurities in the Maryland Centrifugal Experiment reveals the simultaneous existence of isorotating and differentially rotating magnetic surfaces. Differential rotation occurs at the innermost surfaces and is conjectured to cause plasma voltage oscillations of hundreds of kilohertz by periodically changing the current path inductance. High-speed images show the periodic expulsion of plasma near the mirror ends at the same frequencies. In spite of this, the critical ionization velocity limit is exceeded, with respect to the vacuum field definition, for at least 0.5 ms.

Romero-Talamas, C. A.; Elton, R. C.; Young, W. C.; Reid, R.; Ellis, R. F. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

120

Foliar Penetration of Agrochemicals: Limitations Imposed by Formulation Type and Some Interactions with Adjuvants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of formulation and adjuvants on the biological activity of a pesticidal active ingredient (AI) is a complex interactive phenomenon, with many factors possibly influencing the final response obser...

D. Stock…

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Evolutionary and Historical Aspects of the Burden of Malaria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...lowland areas, at risk, for example...economic, and political initiatives can...require sustained investment of effort and resources...necessary global political will, and there...population sizes at risk and from representative...represent their current political designations but...

Richard Carter; Kamini N. Mendis

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Two theories of the civil burden of persuasion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......plainly has considerably stronger moral and political justification, which in turn may very...administration'. I see no strong moral and political argument for demanding 'equality of errors...loss minimization. Law, Probability and Risk, 2, 1-7. K AYE, D.H.2002 The......

D. H. Kaye

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Cervical Cancer Burden and Prevention Strategies: Asia Oceania Perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cancer, economic status, political background, cultures...DNA positive for high-risk genotypes, with detection...cytology National Health Insurance Corp. (NHIC) since...Australasia and Oceania: risk-factors, epidemiology...distribution and differential risks of human papillomavirus...

Suzanne M. Garland; Neerja Bhatla; and Hextan Y.S. Ngan

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Cervical Cancer Burden and Prevention Activities in Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...000). Cumulative risk for getting the disease...as an economic and political confederation of...as the exposure to risk factors. The prevalence...covered by health care insurance in most of Eastern...Yes 10% covered by insurance Slovenia Yes Yes...Age-standardised high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus...

Vesna Kesic; Mario Poljak; and Svetlana Rogovskaya

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Minimizing User Burden in Building Energy Analysis | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

to collect. The workflow will allow for fast and easy prediction of building energy usage. This will promote the integration of energy analysis into the design of buildings and...

126

Human body burdens of chemicals used in plastic manufacture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease...exposure and risk assessment using phthalates...assessment, industrial hygiene, environmental...2001 Safety assessment of di(2-ethylhexyl...Rockville, MD: Center for Devices...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

NAESCO Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI Final  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The National Association of Energy Service Companies (NAESCO) appreciates the opportunity to submit these comments in response to the Request for Information (RFI) entitled, “Reducing Regulatory...

128

Regulatory Burden RFI [76 FR 75798] | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Solutions, manufacturer of Trane and American Standard residential air conditioners, heat pumps, furnaces and accessories therefore. --- Ingersoll Rand appreciates the...

129

Evolutionary and Historical Aspects of the Burden of Malaria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Biological Sciences, ICAPB, Ashworth...Biological Sciences, ICAPB, Ashworth...present-day approaches to its management. Only by following...present-day approaches to its management. Only by following...Biological Sciences, ICAPB, Ashworth...

Richard Carter; Kamini N. Mendis

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Neural Noise in Electrocommunication: From Burden to Benefits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Weakly electric fish generate an electric field, called electric organ discharge (EOD), that they use for active electrosensation. ... , modulate the amplitude of a fish’s EOD. Localisation signals are low in amp...

Jan Benda; Jan Grewe; Rüdiger Krahe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is submitting these comments in response to the above-referenced request for information (RFI) issued by the Department of Energy (DOE). In the RFI, DOE is again...

132

Free Trade and the Burden of Domestic Policy Sumeet Gulati  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Political Economy, Pollution Policy. JEL: F18, Q56, Q58. This paper was previously circulated under

Farrell, Anthony P.

133

Substantiation of proposals on standardization of the manganese content in water supplied for electrodyalysis treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results of systematic investigations of the electrodialysis process of manganese-containing solutions and the impact of manganese compounds on electrochemical characteristics of ion-exchange membranes have...

L. A. Mel’nik

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Nanomedicine for glaucoma: sustained release latanoprost offers a new therapeutic option with substantial benefits over eyedrops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Glaucoma is a chronic progressive optic neuropathy that is characterized by optic nerve changes and visual field loss. Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is the main modifiable risk factor. Chronic instillati...

Tina T. Wong; Gary D. Novack…

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

AVOIDED ELECTRICITY SUBSIDY PAYMENTS CAN FINANCE SUBSTANTIAL APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY INCENTIVE PROGRAMS: CASE STUDY OF MEXICO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

have high residential penetration rates of 93% and 83%wealthier households (penetration rate of 39%) and their use

Leventis, Greg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

On the Experimental Substantiation of Anisotropy of Inertial Mass of Body in the Earth Gravitation Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the basis of the field concept of gravitation and gravitational analogue of the Faradays induction law the difference of inertial mass of a body at its accelerated movement in horizontal and vertical directions relative to the Earth is shown. For an illustration of such a distinction the results of comparison of a motion of balance mechanical watch at horizontal and vertical orientations of balance axis are given. The expediency of statement of precision mechanical experiments with measurement of anisotropy of the inertial mass is noted, allowing to estimate the validity of the field approach in the description of gravitation.

Alexander L. Dmitriev

2009-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

137

Thematic notes to substantiate Ris's strategy -impact on society Diagnostics and treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are the general population, the political system and the medical/pharmaceutical industry. The most important and the pharmaceutical industry. For patients, this translates into improved diagnostics, better prognoses, while the pharmaceutical industry will be able to sort new pharmaceuticals faster, thereby only

138

Substantial narrowing of the Niemann–Pick C candidate interval by yeast artificial chromosome?complementation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Christiano Cummings Jill A. Morris Stacie K. Loftus Dana Zhang Katherine G. Coleman Adele M. Cooney Marcy E. Comly Laura Fandino...Genet 6 : 59 – 68 , 9002671 . 21 Davison R L O’Malley K A Wheeler T B ( 1976 ) Somatic Cell Genet 3 : 271 – 280 . 22 Srivastava...

Jessie Z. Gu; Eugene D. Carstea; Christiano Cummings; Jill A. Morris; Stacie K. Loftus; Dana Zhang; Katherine G. Coleman; Adele M. Cooney; Marcy E. Comly; Laura Fandino; Calvin Roff; Danilo A. Tagle; William J. Pavan; Peter G. Pentchev; Melissa A. Rosenfeld

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Scientific substantiation of safe operation of the Earthen Dams at the Votkinsk HPP  

SciTech Connect

Over a period of 15 years, coworkers of the B. E. Vedeneev Scientific-Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering have conducted scientific accompaniment of the operation of the earthen dams at the Votkinsk HPP. During that time, basic performance characteristics associated with complex hydrogeologic and hydrochemical conditions, and the forms of their unfavorable manifestations influencing the reliability and safety of the structures were revealed, and, recommendations and measures were developed for their elimination.

Deev, A. P.; Fisenko, V. F. [Votkinsk HPP Branch of the JSC 'RusGidro,' Chaikovskii (Russian Federation); Sol'skii, S. V.; Lopatina, M. G.; Gints, A. V.; Aref'eva, A. N. [JSC 'VNIIG im. B. E. Vedeneeva', Branch of JSC 'RusGidro' (Russian Federation)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Substantial awards are available to eligible U of T students for most  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Sydney Opera House, Bondi Beach, and Aboriginal rock engravings. Students in this program will meet settlement, Sydney has a long and vital history stretching from its Aboriginal roots to the establishment in >Information session Destination > Australia >>> SYDNEY A Window on a Rich Past and an Exciting Future Central

Toronto, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Emerging energy technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sustainable as well as reducing energy consumption: · Fusion · Solar cells · Cleaner energy technologies problems in the current energy production and to increasing the efficiency of energy consumption. Sub cheaper, while their manufacture requires considerably less energy than that of conventional solar cells

142

Making moral judgments through behavioural science: the 'substantial lack of volitional control' requirement in civil commitments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......such person a menace to the health and safety of others'. 6...commitment of the type of dangerous sexual offender considered...civil commitment of highly dangerous persons suffering severe mental...importance of distinguishing a dangerous sexual offender subject to......

David L. Faigman

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Private Company Uses EERE-Supported Chemistry Model to Substantially Improve Combustion Engine Simulation Software  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Convergent Science, Inc. (CSI) is using Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s Multi-Zone Combustion Model (MCM) to help automotive engineers develop the next generation of high-efficiency, low-emission vehicles.

144

Tritium containing polymers having a polymer backbone substantially void of tritium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radioluminescent light source comprises a solid mixture of a phosphorescent substance and a tritiated polymer. The solid mixture forms a solid mass having length, width, and thickness dimensions, and is capable of self-support. In one aspect of the invention, the phosphorescent substance comprises solid phosphor particles supported or surrounded within a solid matrix by a tritium containing polymer. The tritium containing polymer comprises a polymer backbone which is essentially void of tritium. 2 figs.

Jensen, G.A.; Nelson, D.A.; Molton, P.M.

1992-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

145

AVOIDED ELECTRICITY SUBSIDY PAYMENTS CAN FINANCE SUBSTANTIAL APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY INCENTIVE PROGRAMS: CASE STUDY OF MEXICO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Federal de Electricidad (CFE) provides all residentialZones 1 and 1F. Source is CFE website, “Tarifas para el

Leventis, Greg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

How to Substantially Reduce the Biggest Energy Wasters in Compressed Air Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will vary from $2,190 per year to vortex type to $438 per year top heated pipe. A full treatment of the subject is available in the book ENERGY SAVINGS IN COMPRESSED AIR SYSTEMS, authored by Hank van Ormer, Air Power USA Inc. As much as 75% to 80...% energy savings are available by prudent selection and application of cabinet coolers. OPEN BLOWS Open blows in various material moving processes offer exceptional energy conservation opportunities Often times we find 1/4" open tubes blowing...

Kemp, H. L.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Evidence that solar wind fluctuations substantially affect global convection and substorm occurrence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-scale transfer of solar wind energy to the magnetosphere-ionosphere system, to plasma sheet structure wind energy to the magnetosphere-ionosphere system, and we speculated that resonance between the solar that this implies that solar wind ULF power may be an important contributor to the strength of coupling of solar

Lyons, Larry

148

Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

91 Federal Register 91 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 151 / Friday, August 6, 2010 / Notices correction mechanism ensures the accuracy of the Inventory without imposing an unreasonable burden on the chemical industry. Without the Inventory correction mechanism, a company that submitted incorrect information would have to file a pre- manufacture notification (PMN) under TSCA section 5 to place the correct chemical substance on the Inventory whenever the previously reported substance is found to be misidentified. This would impose a much greater burden on both EPA and the submitter than the existing correction mechanism. This information collection applies to reporting and recordkeeping activities associated with the correction of misreported chemical substances found

149

Influence of temperature and photoperiod on flowering and seed set in buffelgrass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heat loads and water demands, it is difficult to separate the effects of light levels per se. Moreover, it is very difficult to produce light intensities equivalent to full sun in growth chambers because of the heat burden that light banks impose... heat loads and water demands, it is difficult to separate the effects of light levels per se. Moreover, it is very difficult to produce light intensities equivalent to full sun in growth chambers because of the heat burden that light banks impose...

Ramirez de Leon, Hector

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

150

Blended vs. face-to-face cognitive behavioural treatment for major depression in specialized mental health care: study protocol of a randomized controlled cost-effectiveness trial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Depression is a prevalent disorder, associated with a high disease burden and substantial societal, economic and personal costs. Cognitive behavioural treatment has been shown to provide adequate treatment for...

Lisa C Kooistra; Jenneke E Wiersma; Jeroen Ruwaard; Patricia van Oppen…

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Air Quality in Lanzhou, a Major Industrial City in China: Characteristics of Air Pollution and Review of Existing Evidence from Air Pollution and Health Studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Air pollution contributes substantially to global health burdens; however, less is known about pollution patterns in China and whether they differ ... . We evaluated temporal and spatial heterogeneity of air pollution

Yaqun Zhang; Min Li; Mercedes A. Bravo; Lan Jin…

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Signatures of the Rayleigh-Plateau Instability Revealed by Imposing Synthetic Perturbations on Nanometer Liquid Metals on Substrates  

SciTech Connect

Fluid jets destabilize into droplets according to the well known Rayleigh Plateau (RP) instability. The applicability of the RP model to a nanoscale liquid metal supported on a substrate (a so called rivulet) was investigated using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations as it has important implications for nanoscale materials assembly. Stochastic fluctuations were found to affect rivulet stability and dynamics when compared with microscopic predictions of rivulet break up; here a broad and delayed distribution of break up times was observed. Yet, hallmark characteristics of the RP theory were observed; (1) a critical wavelength demarcating stability, (2) stable and unstable growth modes and (3) neck formation induced by axial pressure gradients. Notably, MD simulations implementing synthetic perturbations, yielded significantly reduced dispersion in the final nanodroplet spacing and clearly revealed the underlying physics driving rivulet break up.

Horton, Scott R [ORNL; Rack, Prof. Philip [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Fuentes-Cabrera, Miguel A [ORNL; Fowlkes, Jason Davidson [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

square vessel would also generate antivortices in order to comply with the imposed symmetry. By proper arrangement of the laser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. et al. in Handbook of Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology (ed. Nalwa, H. S.) Vol. 3, Ch. 9�ometrie cylindrique. Phys. Lett. 15, 13±15 (1965). 7. Abrikosov, A. A. Fundamentals of the Theory of Metals (North vortices condensed into a vortex-glass phase by magnetic force microscopy. Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1847

Shelley, Michael

154

Scalable Coordination for Wireless Sensor Networks: Self-Configuring Localization Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

networks: tuning density to trade operational quality against lifetime; using multi- ple sensor modalities, water, soil, chemistry); condition based maintenance; smart spaces; military surveillance; preci- sion or urban locations). The above requirements impose substantial physical constraints at both the node

Heidemann, John

155

Implementing a Language with Flow-Sensitive and Structural Typing on the JVM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamically typed languages are flexible and impose few burdens on the programmer. In contrast, static typing leads to software that is more efficient and has fewer errors. However, static type systems traditionally require every variable to have one ... Keywords: Flow-Sensitive, JVM, Java, Structural Subtyping

David J. Pearce; James Noble

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

A Systematic Investigation of In Situ Adaptive Tabulation for Combustion Chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

calculations of non-premixed methane/air combustion in a partially stirred reactor. A parametric study in ISAT4. The study highlights that comparison of the computational performance of different decrease the computa- tional burden imposed by the direct use of detailed chemical kinetics in reactive

157

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS AND STROKE (NINDS) 2012 The mission of NINDS is to reduce the burden of neurological disease--a burden borne by every age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS AND STROKE (NINDS) 2012 The mission of NINDS. Common disorders such as stroke, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, and autism are well-known. Many other

158

Tuber-Specific Silencing of the Acid Invertase Gene Substantially Lowers the Acrylamide-Forming Potential of Potato  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given the important role of processed potato products in the modern Western diet, a replacement of current varieties with the low-hexose potatoes would reduce the average daily intake of acrylamide by one-fourth. ... As raw potatoes are sliced and cooked in oil at high temp., the accumulated reducing sugars react with free amino acids in the potato cell forming unacceptably brown- to black-pigmented chips or fries via a non-enzymic, Maillard-type reaction. ... In potatoes with total carotenoids ranging from 35 to 795 ?g per 100 g FW, the lipophilic ext. of potato flesh presented oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) values ranging from 4.6 to 15.3 nmoles ?-tocopherol equiv. ...

Jingsong Ye; Roshani Shakya; Pradeep Shrestha; Caius M. Rommens

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

159

Substantiation of the feasibility of using fuel rods with tungsten spraying in power fast reactors of new generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The contemporary development of nuclear power technologies in Russia made it possible ... to create projects of economic and safe fast reactors of new generation. These reactors will be a basis of the large-scale...

V. S. Okunev

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

The technology of the rover and its landing sys-tem is designed to demonstrate substantial new  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from a Multi- Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG). Similar to the radioisotope power approval is received from the Office of the President. Like previous generations of this type of electrical- power generator, the MMRTG is built with several layers of protective material designed to contain its

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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161

Infectious diseases have recently caused substantial com-munity-and ecosystem-wide impacts in marine com-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from shipping has increased; the rate of new invertebrate introductions to the marine environment has , Jessica Ward1 New studies have detected a rising number of reports of diseases in marine organisms unsolved problems and priorities for future research: (1) detecting origins and reservoirs for marine

Gerber, Leah R.

162

Selection and substantiation of the system parameters of pumped-storage stations in the dynamics of development of power systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. Consideration of the dynamics of variation of the utilized capacity of a PSS and conditions of development of...

V. S. Sharygin

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Coal-Fired Power Plants, Greenhouse Gases, and State Statutory Substantial Endangerment Provisions: Climate Change Comes to Kansas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

economy standards on motor vehicles by states such as California. But the states have also targeted stationary sources of greenhouse gases. In particular, they have sought to minimize carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants. States have used...

Glicksman, Robert L.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Combined inactivation of the Clostridium cellulolyticum lactate and malate dehydrogenase genes substantially increases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrass fermentations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keywords: Cellulose, ethanol, biofuel, Clostridiumincreases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrassincreases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrass

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

A Simpler, Smarter and More Cost Effective Approach to Regulation |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Simpler, Smarter and More Cost Effective Approach to Regulation A Simpler, Smarter and More Cost Effective Approach to Regulation A Simpler, Smarter and More Cost Effective Approach to Regulation May 26, 2011 - 9:17am Addthis Sean Lev Sean Lev Acting General Counsel & Deputy General Counsel, Environment & Nuclear Programs What does this mean for me? The Department projects a more than 90% reduction in the paperwork burden imposed on recipients of the Department of Energy's financial assistance. The Department is also working to reduce testing burdens. No one likes the burden of paperwork or the headache of navigating a 20-step process just to get an application completed. Earlier this year, President Obama outlined the creation of a 21st-century regulatory system to reduce burdens for American businesses and consumers

166

Final Letter to DOE Regulatory Burden 9_7_2012.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE STEVE NARDELLA President (Winchester Homes Inc.) RICK BAILEY Vice President/Calvert Co. (Marrick Properties) DOUG MEEKER Vice President/Charles Co. (Elm Street Development) ROBERT J. SPALDING Vice President/Mont. Co. (Miller & Smith Homes) HILLARY P.COLT Vice President/Prince George's Co. (Konterra) MIKE MUMMAUGH Vice President/St. Mary's Co. (Paragon Properties Inc.) BRIAN "A.J." JACKSON Vice President/Washington DC (EYA, LLC) FRANK BOSSONG, IV, P.E Associate Vice President (Rodgers Consulting Inc.) CLARK WAGNER Treasurer (Bozzuto Homes) DAVE LUNDEN Vice President, State Legis./Secretary (Timberlake Homes, Inc.) ROBERT R. HARRIS Life Director (Lerch, Early & Brewer Chtd.) MARTY MITCHELL Immediate Past President

167

Factors impacting contaminant body burdens and contaminant effects at different trophic levels in an estuarine ecosystem.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Organic contaminants continue to enter coastal ecosystems, creating stress for animals that inhabit these areas. A variety of factors such as land use, climate, and… (more)

Hopper, Tiffany L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Regulatory Design for RES-E Support Mechanisms: Learning Curves, Market Structure, and Burden-Sharing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drawing from relevant experiences in power systems around the world, this paper offers a critical review of existing policy support mechanisms for RES-E (renewable energy sources for electricity), with a detailed analysis ...

Batlle, Carlos

169

Serum Interleukin-8 Reflects Tumor Burden and Treatment Response across Malignancies of Multiple Tissue Origins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Texas (P30-CA54174), the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation (POP 2000 704), and the National Cancer Institute, Redes En Accion (U01-CA86117). Citation Information: Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2011;20(10 Suppl):B51.

Miguel F. Sanmamed; Omar Carranza-Rua; Carlos Alfaro; Carmen Oñate; Salvador Martín-Algarra; Guiomar Perez; Sara F. Landazuri; Álvaro Gonzalez; Stefanie Gross; Inmaculada Rodriguez; Cecilia Muñoz-Calleja; María Rodríguez-Ruiz; Bruno Sangro; José M. López-Picazo; Manglio Rizzo; Guillermo Mazzolini; Juan I. Pascual; Maria Pilar Andueza; Jose Luis Perez-Gracia; Ignacio Melero

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

170

Health Care 2009: The Burden of Health Care Costs for Working Families — Implications for Reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On June 2, 2009, President Barack Obama's Council of Economic Advisers released a report examining the economic case for health care reform, in which they underscored the importance of cost containment to the long-term sustainability of any reform. Despite widespread recognition of the importance of... On June 2, 2009, President Barack Obama's Council of Economic Advisers released a report examining the economic case for health care reform, in which they underscored the importance of cost containment to the long-term sustainability of any reform.1 ...

Polsky D.; Grande D.

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

171

Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) Regulatory Burden RFI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) notice in the August 8, 2012 Federal Register...

172

Addressing Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Burden: How Far Could Equal Health Care Access Bring Us?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...surprisingly, still debated in the political sphere, as was evident recently...America because of lack of health insurance (6). While the debate over...Willett WC, et alComparison of risk factors for colon and rectal...because of a lack of health insurance. The Huffington Post [Internet...

Daniel S. Reuland and Michael P. Pignone

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Living with HIV in Egypt : an analysis of needs and caregivers' burden and strain.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??As we enter the third decade of a devastating worldwide epidemic, much has been done to stem the flow of HIV/AIDS, in particular within North… (more)

Lashein, Adel.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - atherosclerotic plaque burden Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Materials Science ; Physics 39 --H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier, Inamura, A.G. Farman, & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) Summary: growth atherosclerotic plaques. Time-dependent...

175

The Cognitive Cost of Anticholinergic Burden: Decreased Response to Cognitive Training in Schizophrenia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Article The Cognitive Cost of AnticholinergicDecreased Response to Cognitive Training in Schizophreniaactivity and baseline cognitive performance and response to

Vinogradov, Sophia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Regulatory Burden RFI: Revitalization of DOE's Role as a Regulatory Watchdog  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Memorandum serves as an Executive Summary of Center for Regulatory Effectiveness’ (CRE’s) attached comments highlighting four issues:

177

Additive Manufacturing – A Growing Possibility to Lighten the Burden of Spare Parts Supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the growing quantity of product types on the market requiring currently enormous warehouses to keep stock for spare parts, with corresponding high costs and complex logistics in combination with continuously ...

Steve Rommel; Andreas Fischer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - arctic aerosol burden Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and surface... generally exhibits low aerosol ... Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Atmopsheric Chemistry and...

179

Cumulative Energy Demand As Predictor for the Environmental Burden of Commodity Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the home, for example, smaller refrigerators with thicker insulation would use less electricity than do present units. ...

Mark A. J. Huijbregts; Stefanie Hellweg; Rolf Frischknecht; Harrie W. M. Hendriks; Konrad Hungerbühler; A. Jan Hendriks

2010-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

180

Economic Burden of Cancer in the United States: Estimates, Projections, and Future Research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and then combined with human capital or WTP estimates of the value...the employment-based human capital method. As expected, the...productivity valued with the human capital approach is estimated to increase...surveys [e.g., Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)] and...

K. Robin Yabroff; Jennifer Lund; Deanna Kepka; and Angela Mariotto

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The Clinical and Economic Burden of a Sustained Increase in Thyroid Cancer Incidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Funded Research Portfolio Website. [cited 2012 Aug 6...gov/nciportfolio/search/funded?action=fulltype...Epidemiology and End Results Website. [cited 2012 Aug 6...Chou FF, Liu RT, Tung SC, Chen JF, Kuo MC...States Census Bureau Website. [cited 2012 Aug 6...

Briseis Aschebrook-Kilfoy; Rebecca B. Schechter; Ya-Chen Tina Shih; Edwin L. Kaplan; Brian C.-H. Chiu; Peter Angelos; and Raymon H. Grogan

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Nanoparticle-Delivered Suicide Gene Therapy Effectively Reduces Ovarian Tumor Burden in Mice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Molecular Targets, and Chemical Biology Nanoparticle-Delivered Suicide Gene Therapy Effectively...treatment with nanoparticles. DT-A nanoparticle therapy suppressed tumor growth more...indicating MSLN promoter function following nanoparticle delivery of DNA (Fig. 1E ). Xenograft...

Yu-Hung Huang; Gregory T. Zugates; Weidan Peng; David Holtz; Charles Dunton; Jordan J. Green; Naushad Hossain; Michael R. Chernick; Robert F. Padera, Jr.; Robert Langer; Daniel G. Anderson; Janet A. Sawicki

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Estimating the lung burden from exposure to aerosols of depleted uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Society. The Health Hazards of Depleted Uranium Munitions-Part...Carpenter D. O. Depleted uranium contamination...implications for health assessment...Sunder S. Depleted uranium dust from fired...properties. Health Phys (2004......

Marcelo Valdés

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Estimating the lung burden from exposure to aerosols of depleted uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......from exposure to aerosols of depleted uranium Marcelo Valdes * * Corresponding...Following exposure to aerosols of depleted uranium (DU), biological samples...uranyl phosphates. INTRODUCTION Depleted uranium (DU) is a waste product of......

Marcelo Valdés

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Novel Vitamin E Analogue Decreases Syngeneic Mouse Mammary Tumor Burden and Reduces Lung Metastasis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Sun Vernon Knight Brian E. Gilbert Claudio Conti Bob G. Sanders...of Molecular Virology and Microbiology B. E. G., Baylor College...17 Koshkina, N. V., Gilbert, B. E., Waldrep, J...Giovanella, B. C., and Gilbert, B. E. Anticancer effect...

Karla A. Lawson; Kristen Anderson; Marla Menchaca; Jeffrey Atkinson; LuZhe Sun; Vernon Knight; Brian E. Gilbert; Claudio Conti; Bob G. Sanders; and Kimberly Kline

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Intervening to Reduce the Future Burden of Occupational Cancer in Britain: What Could Work?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Expected increases in cancer in general as the population ages contribute...risk threshold approach zero. In general, 90% compliance has been assumed...Cancers associated with asbestos, diesel engine exhaust, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons...

Sally Hutchings; John W. Cherrie; Martie Van Tongeren; and Lesley Rushton

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

To Catch a Sex Thief: The Burden of Performance in Rape and Sexual Assault Trials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite decades of efforts to reform American rape law, prosecution and conviction rates remain low compared to similar crimes. While activists led legislatures to adopt important statutory changes for rape and sexual ...

Yung, Corey Rayburn

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Comment On: DOE-HQ-2011-0014-0001 Reducing Regulatory Burden...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Hussmann manufacturer of commercial refrigeration products, appreciates the opportunity to comment on the Department of Energy's Request for Comments on the topic of the Regulatory...

189

Ocean Water Vapor and Cloud Burden Trends Derived from the Topex Microwave Radiometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. TMR OBSERVATIONS The TMR flew in a 10-day non-sun-synchronous exact repeat orbit with an inclination algorithm is a log-linear regression algorithm with coefficients that are stratified by wind speed and water

Ruf, Christopher

190

Sharing the burden of climate change stabilization: An energy sector perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generation from hydroelectric power plants, wind and solarWe also observe more hydroelectric power being used in the

Wagner, Fabian; Sathaye, Jayant

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Intervening to Reduce the Future Burden of Occupational Cancer in Britain: What Could Work?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...setting ETS 284 (2.1) Lung - PAH as coal tars and pitches (men only) 475 (3...ETS Lung 1,470 0 0 68 158 68 158 PAHs-coal tars NMSC 489 805 883 606 479 437 405 200...Sanchez_Jimenez A, et alHealth, socio-economic and environmental aspects of possible amendments...

Sally Hutchings; John W. Cherrie; Martie Van Tongeren; and Lesley Rushton

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Tight new regulations being imposed by European Union authori-ties and a widely publicized mass die-off of native pollinators in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Vol. 3 l No. 4 l August 2013 Green Bulletin Information for pest management professionals Resources | Page 3 Compost Tea | Page 4 Removing Poison-Oak from | Page 5 Landscapes and Recreation Areas Ask the Expert! | Page 6 SIGN UP...for a free subscription to the Green Bulletin at http

Ishida, Yuko

193

Experiments in Fluids 25 (1998) 388--391 Springer-Verlag 1998 A bi-modal structure imposed on gravity driven boundary currents in rotating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-system of the land and the ocean. The presence and the interaction of coastal currents in the coastal region is one on gravity driven boundary currents in rotating systems by effects of the bottom topography P. J. Thomas, P on the development of gravity driven surface boundary currents in rotating systems is described and discussed

Linden, Paul F.

194

The USA patriot act : repeating the mistakes of previous governments by imposing unconstitutional restrictions on people s civil liberties in the name of national security.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon was a most horrific expression of how international and domestic terrorism posed new, and… (more)

Sæther, Arne Mjelde

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

The linked human imprintome v1.0: over 120 genes confirmed as imprinted impose a major review on previous censuses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The whole set of human imprinted genes, termed imprintome, is here analysed by means of a reasonable, valid application of the Semantic Web and Linked Data approaches to a few structured datasets in order to provide a comprehensive collection of imprinted genes in the human genome. Thus, we have stored, organised, filtered, and analysed massive amounts of existing data on human imprinted genes towards compiling, structuring and linking data to comprise a sharing resource for genome and epigenome interrogated studies. Our datasets of linked data are the actual research outcome of this human imprintome analysis because as genomics become more and more data intensive, due to huge amounts of biological data, so does our needs for more structured data to be easier mined and shared. We present the resulting first version of the Linked Human Imprintome as a project within Linked Open Data (LOD) initiative (http://lod-cloud.net/) through Data Hub (http://thedatahub.org/en/dataset/a-draft-version-of-the-linked-human-imprintome).

Samara Cardoso Da Silva-Santiago; Christina Pacheco; Tereza Cristina Lima Rocha; Samyra Maria Vieira Brasil; Ana Carolina Landim Pacheco; Mônica Moraes Silva; Fabiana Freire Araújo; Elton José Rosas D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Biominetic Membrane for Co2 Capture from Flue Gas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biomimetic Membrane for CO Biomimetic Membrane for CO 2 Capture from Flue Gas Background Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) is a three-step process including capture, pipeline transport, and geologic storage of which the capture of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is the most costly and technically challenging. Current available methods impose significant energy burdens that severely impact their overall effectiveness as a significant deployment option. Of the available capture technologies for post

197

Negotiating equity for management of DOE wastes  

SciTech Connect

One important factor frustrating optimal management of Department of Energy (DOE)-complex wastes is the inability to use licensed and permitted facilities systematically. Achieving the goal of optimal use of DOE`s waste management facilities is politically problematic for two reasons. First, no locale wants to bear a disproportionate burden from DOE wastes. Second, the burden imposed by additional wastes transported from one site to another is difficult to characterize. To develop a viable framework for equitably distributing these burdens while achieving efficient use of all DOE waste management facilities, several implementation and equity issues must be addressed and resolved. This paper discusses stakeholder and equity issues and proposes a framework for joint research and action that could facilitate equity negotiations among stakeholder and move toward a more optimal use of DOE`s waste management capabilities.

Carnes, S.A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network 4. Converting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vacant Owner Renter White Hispanic Other African American Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago/Ethnicity: Largely White, racial mix Household Income: $39,599, increased 10.4% Cluster Characteristics Converting a substantial number of households in Converting commu- nities continue to be rent burdened as rents increased

Illinois at Chicago, University of

199

The last six weeks have seen substantial progress in several areas: a federal budget that preserved investments in discovery research, committed new resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spoke of the energy and direction emerging from the meeting. an unprecedented mission to Brazil collective work in this area. a Board retreat that considered the progress on AUCC's renewal agenda and new." To those who were with us in Brazil, thank you for helping to make Canada a destination of choice for up

Aamodt, Tor

200

Carbon Sequestration to Mitigate Climate Change Human activities, especially the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and gas, have caused a substantial increase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Sequestration to Mitigate Climate Change Human activities, especially the burning of fossil-caused CO2 emissions and to remove CO2 from the atmosphere. 2.0 What is carbon sequestration? The term "carbon sequestration" is used to describe both natural and deliberate CARBON,INGIGATONSPERYEAR 1.5 Fossil

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Can distributed generation offer substantial benefits in a Northeastern American context? A case study of small-scale renewable technologies using a life cycle methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable distributed electricity generation can play a significant role in meeting today's energy policy goals, such as reducing greenhouse gas emissions, improving energy security, while adding supply to meet increasing energy demand. However, the exact potential benefits are still a matter of debate. The objective of this study is to evaluate the life cycle implications (environmental, economic and energy) of distributed generation (DG) technologies. A complementary objective is to compare the life cycle implications of DG technologies with the centralized electricity production representing the Northeastern American context. Environmental and energy implications are modeled according to the recommendations in the ISO 14040 standard and this, using different indicators: Human Health; Ecosystem Quality; Climate Change; Resources and Non-Renewable Energy Payback Ratio. Distinctly, economic implications are modeled using conventional life cycle costing. DG technologies include two types of grid-connected photovoltaic panels (3 kWp mono-crystalline and poly-crystalline) and three types of micro-wind turbines (1, 10 and 30 kW) modeled for average, below average and above average climatic conditions in the province of Quebec (Canada). A sensitivity analysis was also performed using different scenarios of centralized energy systems based on average and marginal (short- and long-term) technology approaches. Results show the following. First, climatic conditions (i.e., geographic location) have a significant effect on the results for the environmental, economic and energy indicators. More specifically, it was shown that the 30 kW micro-wind turbine is the best technology for above average conditions, while 3 kWp poly-crystalline photovoltaic panels are preferable for below average conditions. Second, the assessed DG technologies do not show benefits in comparison to the centralized Quebec grid mix (average technology approach). On the other hand, the 30 kW micro-wind turbine shows a potential benefit as long as the Northeastern American electricity market is considered (i.e., oil and coal centralized technologies are affected for the short- and long-term marginal scenarios, respectively). Photovoltaic panels could also become more competitive if the acquisition cost decreased. In conclusion, DG utilization will represent an improvement over centralized electricity production in a Northeastern American context, with respect to the environmental, energy and economic indicators assessed, and under the appropriate conditions discussed (i.e., geographical locations and affected centralized electricity production scenarios).

Mourad Ben Amor; Pascal Lesage; Pierre-Olivier Pineau; Réjean Samson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

~A four carbon alcohol. It has double the amount of carbon of ethanol, which equates to a substantial increase in harvestable energy (Btu's).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.0 psi. ~Butanol is an alcohol that can be but does not have to be blended with fossil fuels. ~Butanol existing pipelines and filling stations. ~Hydrogen generated during the butanol fermentation process is expected to increase dramatically if green butanol can be produced economically from low cost biomass

Toohey, Darin W.

203

CO2 Capture and Regeneration at Low Temperatures: Novel Non-Aqueous CO2 Solvents and Capture Process with Substantially Reduced Energy Penalties  

SciTech Connect

IMPACCT Project: RTI is developing a solvent and process that could significantly reduce the temperature associated with regenerating solvent and CO2 captured from the exhaust gas of coal-fired power plants. Traditional CO2 removal processes using water-based solvents require significant amount of steam from power plants in order to regenerate the solvent so it can be reused after each reaction. RTI’s solvents can be better at absorbing CO2 than many water-based solvents, and are regenerated at lower temperatures using less steam. Thus, industrial heat that is normally too cool to re-use can be deployed for regeneration, rather than using high-value steam. This saves the power plant money, which results in increased cost savings for consumers.

None

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

The concept of new-generation steam turbines for coal power engineering of Russia. Part 1. Economic and technical substantiation of the concept  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Development of the concept of designing modern steam turbines and its application to turbines for ultrasupercritical steam conditions are considered. The results from predraft designing of a turbine for ultras...

A. G. Kostyuk; V. G. Gribin; A. D. Trukhnii

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Health perceptions and symptom burden in primary care: measuring health using audio computer-assisted self-interviews  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To assess the relationships among somatic symptoms and health perception measures in data collected from the implementation of audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI) technology in a primary care clinic...

Keiki Hinami; Jennifer Smith; Catherine D. Deamant; Romina Kee…

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Screening for 137Cs Body Burden Due to the Chernobyl Accident in Korosten City, Zhitomir, Ukraine: 1996–2008  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Accident in Korosten City, Zhitomir, Ukraine: 1996-2008 Naomi Hayashida 1 * Yui...Center, Kievskaya 21b, Korosten 260100, Ukraine. During the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant...whole-body counter in the Zhitomir state of Ukraine. The total number of participants was......

Naomi Hayashida; Yui Sekitani; Alexander Kozlovsky; Ruslan Rafalsky; Alexander Gutevich; Valery Daniliuk; Shunichi Yamashita; Noboru Takamura

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

The bovine tuberculosis burden in cattle herds in zones with low dose radiation pollution in the Ukraine  

SciTech Connect

The authors describe a study of the tuberculosis (TB) incidence in cattle exposed to low doses of radiation resulting from the Chernobyl (pronounced ‘Chornobyl’ in Ukrainian) nuclear plant catastrophe in 1986. The purpose of the study was to determine if ionising radiation influences the number of outbreaks of bovine TB and their severity on farms in the Kyiv, Cherkasy and Chernigiv regions of the Ukraine. These farms are all located within a 200 km radius of Chernobyl and have had low?dose radiation pollution. Pathological and blood samples were taken from cattle in those regions that had positive TB skin tests. Mycobacterium spp. were isolated, differentiated by PCR, analysed and tested in guinea?pigs and rabbits. Species differentiation showed a significant percentage of atypical mycobacteria, which resulted in the allergic reactions to tuberculin antigen in the skin test. Mixed infection of M. bovis and M. avium subsp. hominissuis was found in three cases. The results concluded that low?dose radiation plays a major role in the occurrence of bovine TB in regions affected by the Chernobyl nuclear disaster.

Weller, Richard E.; Skrypnyk, Artem; Zavgorodniy, Andriy; Stegniy, Borys; Gerilovych, Anton; Kutsan, Oleksandr; Pozmogova, Svitlana; Sapko, Svitlana

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Land, irrigation water, greenhouse gas, and reactive nitrogen burdens of meat, eggs, and dairy production in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Eventually, when a large and diverse LCA sample is at hand, the picture...however, the results from an LCA conducted in Iowa, for example...current volume and scope of LCA research, and the complexity...particular, US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data tend to be...

Gidon Eshel; Alon Shepon; Tamar Makov; Ron Milo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Young Adults and the Affordable Care Act: Protecting Young Adults and Eliminating Burdens on Businesses and Families  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the age of 26, and I used to be on my parents' plan, but I recently lost this coverage because I graduated the Affordable Care Act into law, many health plans and issuers could remove adult children from their parents the adult child reaches the age of 26. Many parents and their children who worried about losing health

210

Molecular evolution under increasing transposable element burden in Drosophila: A speed limit on the evolutionary arms race.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be artificial, since the genome defense machinery is itself the product of natural selection. To what degree does the strength of natural selection explain variation in TE abundance across species? Popula- tion genetic theory predicts that the strength... mutations at all population sizes. If the distribution of fitness effects for deleterious mutations does not display this characteristic, modest increases in population size in very large popula- tions may not always lead to decreased ?. For similar rea...

Castillo, Dean M.; Mell, Joshua Chang; Box, Kimberly S.; Blumenstiel, Justin P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Burden distribution control for maintaining the central gas flow at No. 1 blast furnace in Pohang Works  

SciTech Connect

The causes for temperature lowering at the upper shaft center in Pohang No. 1 blast furnace were investigated. The test operation with charging notch change in the actual blast furnace and with a 1/12 scale model to Pohang No. 1 blast furnace were carried out in order to improve central gas flow in the shaft. Finally, rebuilding of the lower bunker interior was performed using the results of model experiments. It was confirmed that the main reason for the gas temperature lowering at the upper shaft center was the smaller particle size at center than the wall according to the discharging characteristics of center feed bunker with stone box. The central gas flow could be secured through modifying the stone box in the bunker.

Jung, S.K.; Lee, Y.J.; Suh, Y.K.; Ahn, T.J.; Kim, S.M. [Pohang Iron and Steel Co. Ltd. (Korea, Republic of). Technical Research Labs.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

The Economic Burden of Intimate Partner Violence in Ecuador: Setting the Agenda for Future Research and Violence Prevention Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C. Male violence: the economic costs a Methodological ReviewFinkelstein E, et al. The economic toll of intimate partnerGavilano P. Social and Economic Costs of Domestic Violence.

Roldos, Maria Isabel; Corso, Phaedra

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Where the Burden Lies: A framework and evaluation of systematic error in measurement of the health effects of unsafe abortion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at district level in Dar es Salaam. Lancet. 2000;5(7):495-and 'sugar daddies' in Dar es Salaam: VUlnerable victims andinduced abortion Dar es Salaam: The discrepancy between

Gerdts, Caitlin Elisabeth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Health impacts from urban air pollution in China : the burden to the economy and the benefits of policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In China, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in significant adverse health impacts for its large and rapidly growing urban population. An expanded version of the Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA), ...

Matus, Kira J. (Kira Jen)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Disease pathogenesis, treatment effectiveness, and co-morbid burden among adult patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

review of the report from Dr. Mark Crowther and colleagues. Chapter 6 I composed the text, produced the tables, and adapted the figures in this chapter. Shirley Watson, Howard Anderson, and Dr. John Grainger conceived the health-related lifestyle... tomography DVT: Deep vein thrombosis EGA: European Genome-phenome Archive EMA: European Medicines Agency FBC: Full blood count FDA: Food and Drug Administration GP: Glycoprotein GPRD: General Practice Research Database GSK: GlaxoSmithKline HCV: Hepatitis...

Sarpatwari, Ameet Vilas

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

216

How Much of a Contribution Do Exposures Experienced between Conception and Adolescence Make to the Burden of Cancer in Adults?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in adults (5, 6 ); severe energy restriction during childhood...relation to arsenic and severe energy restriction, intriguing epigenetic...under-resourced, lacking sustainable funding. Cohorts of some age...alChildhood and adolescent energy restriction and subsequent...

Christopher P. Wild

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Scalable Coordination for Wireless Sensor Networks: SelfConfiguring Localization Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

networks: tuning density to trade operational quality against lifetime; using multi­ ple sensor modalities, water, soil, chemistry); condition based maintenance; smart spaces; military surveillance; preci­ sion) or inhospitable terrain (toxic or urban locations). The above requirements impose substantial physical constraints

Heidemann, John

218

Novel Column Heater for Fast Capillary Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......expected advantage of radial heating with the coaxial heater...with other "coated" heating elements, differences...Louisiana light crude oil; 3 m 0.1 mm phenyl...expansion coefficient, and price imposed substantial practical...existing standard column heating technology. Thus, chromatographic......

E.U. Ehrmann; H.P. Dharmasena; K. Carney; E.B. Overton

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

893 893 Federal Register / Vol. 68, No. 158 / Friday, August 15, 2003 / Notices Title: Comprehensive Program Annual Performance Report. Frequency: One time. Affected Public: Not-for-profit institutions. Reporting and Recordkeeping Hour Burden: Responses: 140. Burden Hours: 2,800. Abstract: The Comprehensive Program is a discretionary grant program that makes competitive awards to support reform and innovations through projects that improve educational practice at the postsecondary level. Grantees annually submit a performance report to demonstrate that substantial progress is being made toward meeting the objectives of their projects. Reporting requirements are currently based on broad criteria from the Education Department General Administrative Regulations (EDGAR). This request is to

220

Reg review - DOE RFI - EEI cmts 5-29-12.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

29, 2012 29, 2012 U.S. Department of Energy Office of the General Counsel, Room 6A245 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Submitted via e-mail to: Regulatory.Review@hq.doe.gov Re: Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012) Dear DOE staff: The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is submitting these comments in response to the above-referenced request for information (RFI) issued by the Department of Energy (DOE). In the RFI, DOE is again asking for information on ways to streamline and to reduce the burden imposed by its regulations. Though DOE has just granted an extension of the comment deadline in today's Federal Register from today to June 19, 2012, we are filing these comments now so DOE can have the benefit of our views.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

o:\informs\fixforms\nrc740m.wpf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CONCISE NOTE CONCISE NOTE DOE/NRC FORM 740M (5-2002) MANDATORY DATA COLLECTION AUTHORIZED BY 10 CFR 30, 40, 50, 70, 72, 74, 75, 150, Public Laws 83-703, 93-438, 95-91 Estimated burden per response to comply with this mandatory collection request: 45 minutes. This information is required to satisfy the provisions of the US/IAEA Safeguards Agreement. Send comments regarding burden estimate to the Records Management Branch (T-5 F52), U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, or by internet e-mail to infocollects@nrc.gov, and to the Desk Officer, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, NEOB-10202, (3150-0057), Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC 20503. If a means used to impose an information collection does not display a currently valid OMB control number, the NRC may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to

222

Sample Form DOE NRC 740M  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

CONCISE NOTE CONCISE NOTE DOE/NRC FORM 740M (6-2008) MANDATORY DATA COLLECTION AUTHORIZED BY 10 CFR 30, 40, 50, 70, 72, 74, 75, 150, Public Laws 83-703, 93-438, 95-91 Estimated burden per response to comply with this mandatory collection request: 45 minutes. This information is required to satisfy the provisions of the US/IAEA Safeguards Agreement. Send comments regarding burden estimate to the Records and FOIA Privacy Services Branch (T-5 F53), U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, or by internet e-mail to infocollects@nrc.gov, and to the Desk Officer, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, NEOB-10202, (3150-0057), Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC 20503. If a means used to impose an information collection does not display a currently valid OMB control number, the NRC may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not

223

Reg review - DOE RFI - EEI cmts 2-3-12.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 3, 2012 February 3, 2012 U.S. Department of Energy Office of the General Counsel, Room 6A245 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Submitted via e-mail to: Regulatory.Review@hq.doe.gov Re: Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 76 Fed. Reg. 75798 (Dec. 5, 2011) Dear DOE staff: The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is submitting these comments in response to the above-referenced request for information (RFI) issued by the Department of Energy (DOE). In the RFI, DOE is asking for information on ways to streamline and to reduce the burden imposed by its regulations. I. EEI Has a Direct Interest in This Proceeding EEI is the association of shareholder-owned electric utilities in the United States, international affiliates, and industry associates worldwide. Our U.S. members serve 95

224

Material Balance Report NRC 742_7  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

MATERIAL BALANCE REPORT MATERIAL BALANCE REPORT 1. NAME AND ADDRESS MATERIAL ACCOUNTABILITY NRC FORM 742 (7-2008) (PREVIOUS EDITIONS ARE OBSOLETE) 4. REPORT PERIOD (MM/DD/YYYY) PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER Estimated burden per response to comply with this mandatory collection request: 5 hours. Reported lessons learned are incorporated into the licensing process and fed back to industry. Send comments regarding burden estimate to the Records and FOIA/Privacy Services Branch (T-5 F52), U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, or by internet e-mail to infocollects@nrc.gov, and to the Desk Officer, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, NEOB-10202, (3150-0004), Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC 20503. If a means used to impose an information collection does not display a currently valid OMB

225

The Ethics of Not Hiring Smokers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...replaced the $750 reduction with a $625 surcharge for smokers. Just like policies of not hiring smokers, penalties imposed on smokers raise serious ethical and policy concerns. The Department of Labor is considering whether to permit employers to penalize smokers with a surcharge of up to 50% of the cost... Policies of refusing to hire smokers, which are being adopted by some U.S. employers, result in a failure to care for people, place an added burden on already-disadvantaged populations, and preempt interventions that more effectively promote smoking cessation.

Schmidt H.Voigt K.Emanuel E.J.

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

226

Dementia: time trends and policy responses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

across the lifecourse. 4 Keywords Dementia; Policy planning; Review Abbreviations CCMD: Chinese Classification of Mental Disease DSM-III/ -IV/ -V: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder Third/ Fourth/ Fifth Edition GMS... countries between urban and rural areas. The influence of diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV and 10/66 algorithm) on prevalence estimates has been reported to be substantial in the populations of developing countries [28]. To investigate global burden...

Wu, Yu-Tzu; Matthews, Fiona E.; Brayne, Carol

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

227

Island Dynamics in the Large-Helical-Device Plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the Large Helical Device plasma discharges, the size of an externally imposed island with mode number ( n/m=1/1) decreases substantially when the plasma is collisionless ( ?*?0.1%) at the island location. For the collisional plasmas with finite beta, on the other hand, the size of the island increases. However, there is a threshold in terms of the vacuum island size below which the island enlargement is not seen.

N. Ohyabu et al.

2002-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

228

Feasibility of Flow Cytometry for Measurements of Plasmodium falciparum Parasite Burden in Studies in Areas of Malaria Endemicity by Use of Bidimensional Assessment of YOYO-1 and Autofluorescence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the hands of trained personnel. A cost/benefit analysis...study and all additional personnel involved; the children...technique to field site personnel, and quality checked...falciparum-malaria by in vivo selection of competent strains...area under the receiver operating characteristic, 0...

Joseph J. Campo; John J. Aponte; Augusto J. Nhabomba; Jahit Sacarlal; Iñigo Angulo-Barturen; María Belén Jiménez-Díaz; Pedro L. Alonso; Carlota Dobaño

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

229

Results of in vivo measurements of strontium-90 body-burden in Urals residents: analyses of data obtained 2006-2012  

SciTech Connect

A part of the Urals territory was contaminated with 90Sr and 137Cs in the 1950s as a result of accidents at the "Mayak" Production Association. The paper describes the analysis of in vivo 90Sr measurements in Urals residents. The measurements were performed with the use of whole-body-counter SICH-9.1M in 2006-2012. Totally 5840 measurements for 4876 persons were performed from 2006 to 2012; maximal measured value was 24 kBq. Earlier, similar measurements were performed with SICH-9.1 (1974-1997). Comparison of the results obtained with SICH-9.1 and SICH-9.1M has shown a good agreement of the two data sets.

Tolstykh, E. I.; Bougrov, N. G.; Krivoshchapov, Victor A.; Shishkina, Elena A.; Shagina, N. B.; Degteva, M. O.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Napier, Bruce A.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Radiation burden from secondary doses to patients undergoing radiation therapy with photons and light ions and radiation doses from imaging modalities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......19) C, using MCNPX Proton beam 180 MeV Brain tumour, 52 cm3, male AMP, passive scattering...21) M, TLD Proton beam 85-180 MeV Brain tumour, 52 cm3, male AMP, spot scanning...al. (21) M, TLD Proton beam 108 MeV Brain tumour, child, AMP parallel beam, 3......

I. Gudowska; O. Ardenfors; I. Toma-Dasu; A. Dasu

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Chronic Conditions, Functional Difficulties, and Disease Burden Among American Indian/Alaska Native Children with Special Health Care Needs, 2009–2010  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of chronic conditions and functional difficulties of American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) children with special health care needs (CSHCN). We conducted...

Mary Kay Kenney; Judy Thierry

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Relationship between selenium body burdens and tissue concentrations in fish exposed to coal ash at the Tennessee Valley Authority Kingston spill site  

SciTech Connect

In December 2008, 4.1 million m3 of coal ash were released into the Emory and Clinch Rivers by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) Kingston Fossil Plant. Coal ash contains several contaminants, including the bioaccumulative metalloid selenium (Se). Because Se is predominantly accumulated in aquatic organisms through dietary, rather than aqueous exposure, tissue-based toxicity thresholds for Se are currently being considered. The proposed threshold concentrations range between 4-9 g/g Se (dry wt.) in whole body fish, with a proposed fillet threshold of 11.8 g/g. In the present study we examined the spatial and temporal trends in Se bioaccumulation and examined the relationship between the Se content in fillets and in whole bodies of fish collected around the Kingston spill site to determine whether Se bioaccumulation was a significant concern at the ash spill site. While Se concentrations in fish (whole bodies and fillets) were elevated at sampling locations affected by the Kingston ash spill relative to reference locations, concentrations do not appear to be above risk thresholds and have not been increasing over the five year period since the spill. Our results are not only relevant to guiding the human health and ecological risk assessments at the Kingston ash spill site, but because of current national discussions on appropriate guidelines for Se in fish as well for the disposal of coal combustion wastes, our results are also relevant to the general understanding of Se bioaccumulation in contaminated water bodies.

Mathews, Teresa J [ORNL; Fortner, Allison M [ORNL; Jett, Robert T [ORNL; Peterson, Mark J [ORNL; Carriker, Neil [Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Morris, Jesse G [ORNL; Gable, Jennifer [Environmental Standards, Inc.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Penn State Engineering Search for 6 Faculty Positions Dean's Frontier Faculty As part of a plan for substantial expansion of the faculty in both core and emerging fields, the Penn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and imaging; nanomanufacturing; additive manufacturing; new materials for sustainability and enhanced Advanced Manufacturing for Medical and Mechanical Sciences: bioprinting; biomedical sensing, devices will be determined during the hiring process. Additional information about these positions and the College's plan

Maranas, Costas

234

Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. 305 Montana Alberta Tie Ltd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

891 Federal Register 891 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 210 / Tuesday, November 1, 2005 / Notices Reporting and Recordkeeping Hour Burden: Responses: 84. Burden Hours: 504. Abstract: Recipients of grants under the Parental Information and Resource Center program must submit an annual performance report that establishes substantial progress toward meeting their project objectives to receive a continuation award. Requests for copies of the information collection submission for OMB review may be accessed from http:// edicsweb.ed.gov, by selecting the ''Browse Pending Collections'' link and by clicking on link number 2869. When you access the information collection, click on ''Download Attachments '' to view. Written requests for information should be addressed to U.S. Department

235

Biomimetric Membrane for CO2 Capture from Flue Gas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biomimetic memBrane for co Biomimetic memBrane for co 2 capture from flue Gas Background Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) is a three-step process including capture, pipeline transport and geologic storage of which the capture of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is the most costly and technically challenging. Current available methods impose significant energy burdens that severely impact their overall effectiveness as a significant deployment option. Of the available capture technologies for post combustion applications - absorption, adsorption, reaction and membranes chemically facilitated absorption promises to be the most cost-effective membrane solution for post combustion application. The Carbozyme technology extracts CO 2 from low concentration, low pressure sources by means of chemical facilitation of a polymer membrane. The chemical

236

About EIA - Policies - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Website Accessibility Statement Website Accessibility Statement The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) strives to make our website accessible to the widest possible audience, regardless of physical ability. Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act requires that all individuals with disabilities have access to, and use of, information comparable to information provided to individuals without disabilities, unless an undue burden would be imposed on us. Adobe Acrobat PDF Files We produce many of our documents as PDF (Portable Document Format) files. Many persons using screen reading devices cannot read documents in PDF format. The website http://www.adobe.com/accessibility/products/reader/ provides free software you can use to read and access the information contained within PDF files.

237

Web Policies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Web Policies Web Policies Web Policies Accessibility The U.S. Department of Energy is committed to providing access to our web pages for individuals with disabilities. To meet this commitment, this site is built to comply with the requirements of Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act. Section 508 requires that individuals with disabilities, who are members of the public seeking information or services from us, have access to and use of information and data that is comparable to that provided to the public who are not individuals with disabilities, unless an undue burden would be imposed on us. Section 508 also requires us to ensure that Federal employees with disabilities have access to and use of information and data that is comparable to the access to and use of information and data by Federal employees who are not individuals with

238

C:\My Documents\FORMS\doe f 1450.5a.cdr  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE DOE F 1450.5A OMB Control No 1910-0100 (02-03) All Other Editions Are Obsolete U.S. Department of Energy Certification of Timesharing LOGON ID Owner Responsibilities OMB Burden Disclosure Statement I accept the responsibilities associated with the ownership of my logon ID and will adhere to the following procedures. I hereby certify that I will comply with the above-listed procedures and that I understand the limitations and restrictions imposed on the use of this code by Classification, Sensitivity, and the Privacy Act of 1974 while accessing the U.S. Department of Energy automated information system. User Name (Signature), also Print/Type and Date U.S. Department of Energy Authorizing Official (Signature), and Date I hereby certify the user requesting timesharing access is an authorized contractor employee working under a current U.S. Department of Energy contract or

239

Notice of Reestablishment of the Electricity Advisory Committee  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

166 Federal Register 166 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 135 / Thursday, July 15, 2010 / Notices Hours: 15; (8) Estimated Reporting and Recordkeeping Cost Burden: None. Statutory Authority: Section 211(o)(9)(A)(ii) of the Clean Air Act, as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005), requires that DOE conduct a study for the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) assessing whether the renewable fuel standard (RFS) would impose a ''disproportionate economic hardship'' on small refineries. This survey will provide technical information to support the study. Issued in Washington, DC on July 8, 2010. Carmen Difiglio, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy Analysis, Office of Policy and International Affairs. [FR Doc. 2010-17288 Filed 7-14-10; 8:45 am]

240

NNSA Policies | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

content > NNSA Policies content > NNSA Policies NNSA Policies Review the various NNSA and Department of Energy policies for additional information. Website Policy Accessibility The U.S. Department of Energy is committed to providing access to our Web pages for individuals with disabilities. To meet this commitment, this site is built to comply with the requirements of Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act. Section 508 requires that individuals with disabilities, who are members of the public seeking information or services from us, have access to and use of information and data that is comparable to that provided to the public who are not individuals with disabilities, unless an undue burden would be imposed on us. Section 508 also requires us to ensure that Federal employees with disabilities have access to and use

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Radiation Therapy for Neovascular Age-related Macular Degeneration  

SciTech Connect

In the enormity of the public health burden imposed by age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), much effort has been directed toward identifying effective and efficient treatments. Currently, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections have demonstrated considerably efficacy in treating neovascular ARMD, but patients require frequent treatment to fully benefit. Here, we review the rationale and evidence for radiation therapy of ARMD. The results of early photon external beam radiation therapy are included to provide a framework for the sequential discussion of evidence for the usage of stereotactic radiation therapy, proton therapy, and brachytherapy. The evidence suggests that these 3 modern modalities can provide a dose-dependent benefit in the treatment of ARMD. Most importantly, preliminary data suggest that all 3 can be used in conjunction with anti-VEGF therapeutics, thereby reducing the frequency of anti-VEGF injections required to maintain visual acuity.

Kishan, Amar U. [Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)] [Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Modjtahedi, Bobeck S.; Morse, Lawrence S. [Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California (United States)] [Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California (United States); Lee, Percy, E-mail: percylee@mednet.ucla.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California (United States)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Overcoming mixed waste management obstacles - A company wide approach  

SciTech Connect

The dual regulation of mixed waste by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Environmental Protection Agency has significantly complicated the treatment, storage and disposal of this waste. Because of the limited treatment and disposal options available, facilities generating mixed waste are also being forced to acquire storage permits to meet requirements associated with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. Due to the burdens imposed by the regulatory climate, Entergy Operations has undertaken a proactive approach to managing its mixed waste. Their approach is company wide and simplistic in nature. Utilizing the peer groups to develop strategies and a company wide procedure for guidance on mixed waste activities, they have focused on areas where they have the most control and can achieve the greatest benefits from their efforts. A key aspect of the program includes training and employee awareness regarding mixed waste minimization practices. In addition, Entergy Operations is optimizing the implementation of regulatory provisions that facilitate more flexible management practices for mixed waste. This presentation focuses on the team approach to developing mixed waste managements programs and the utilization of innovative thinking and planning to minimize the regulatory burdens. It will also describe management practices and philosophies that have provided more flexibility in implementing a safe and effective company wide mixed waste management program.

Buckley, R.N. [Entergy Operations, Inc., Jackson, MS (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Taking TRIPS to India — Novartis, Patent Law, and Access to Medicines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...health safeguards developed by the Indian government. For example, the government has imposed price controls on essential medicines since 1970, and recent reports suggest that it may be expanding the list of drugs that are subject to such controls. More to the point, a number of safeguards have been built... Many have protested Novartis' efforts to obtain an Indian patent on Gleevec. Janice Mueller writes that the Gleevec challenge is the latest controversy facing India since its implementation of substantially enhanced patent protection for pharmaceuticals. ...

Mueller J.M.

2007-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

244

Medicaid Revisited — Skirmishes over a Vast Public Enterprise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...jurisdiction over Medicaid — Senator Charles Grassley (of Iowa) of the Senate Finance Committee and Representative Joe Barton (of Texas) of the House Energy and Commerce Committee — wrote a letter dated March 29, 2006, to Health and Human Services Secretary Michael O. Leavitt saying that however states... The author describes new Medicaid policies signed into law on February 8, 2006, as part of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. This act permits states to impose more cost-sharing on beneficiaries, reduce benefits, and deny nursing home benefits to persons with substantial equity in their homes.

Iglehart J.K.

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

245

Processing by equal-channel angular pressing: Potential for achieving superplasticity  

SciTech Connect

Equal-channel angular (ECA) pressing is a processing procedure whereby a very severe plastic strain is imposed on a sample without any change in the cross-sectional dimensions of the material. This processing method leads to a substantial grain refinement, producing grains which are within the submicrometer or even the nanometer scale. This paper discusses the potential for using this method to prepare materials for superplasticity. The results demonstrate that it is possible to achieve superplastic deformation in selected materials subjected to ECA pressing and, in addition, there is the possibility of extending the superplastic region so that it occurs at very rapid strain rates.

Furukawa, Minoru; Nemoto, Minoru; Horita, Zenji; Langdon, T.G.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Hybrid slab-microchannel gel electrophoresis system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid slab-microchannel gel electrophoresis system. The hybrid system permits the fabrication of isolated microchannels for biomolecule separations without imposing the constraint of a totally sealed system. The hybrid system is reusable and ultimately much simpler and less costly to manufacture than a closed channel plate system. The hybrid system incorporates a microslab portion of the separation medium above the microchannels, thus at least substantially reducing the possibility of non-uniform field distribution and breakdown due to uncontrollable leakage. A microslab of the sieving matrix is built into the system by using plastic spacer materials and is used to uniformly couple the top plate with the bottom microchannel plate.

Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA); Carrano, Anthony V. (Livermore, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Koo, Jackson C. (San Ramon, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Examining Air Pollution in China Using Production- And Consumption-Based Emissions Accounting Approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study suggests that China should control air pollution using the following strategies: applying end-of-pipe abatement technologies and using cleaner fuels to further decrease the emission factors associated with rural cooking, electricity generation, and the transportation sector; continuing to limit highly emission-intensive but low value-added exports; developing a plan to reduce construction activities; and increasing the proportion of service GDP in the national economy. ... Diesel vehicles emit a substantial amount of NOx and PM2.5, and gasoline vehicles release substantial VOC emissions during the processes of gasoline refinery and transport, vehicle refueling and running. ... China also withdrew the previous tax rebate (6%) for coke export in 2004 and instead imposed a tax of 40%, which successfully reduced the ratio of export coke to national coke production from 12% in 2000 to 0% in 2009. ...

Hong Huo; Qiang Zhang; Dabo Guan; Xin Su; Hongyan Zhao; Kebin He

2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

248

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......mixture of (107, 108). Oxides and are highly insoluble in simulated lung fluid. on...Between 0.1 and 0.2 % of the insoluble uranium compounds in the DU particle are assimilated...most 5.28 %. The human body's total inventory of U for unexposed individuals is 80-100......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUMBER 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Cryocooler Thermodynamic Losses Associated with In-cylinder and Extended Heat Transfer Surfaces 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5d. TASK NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Dr. SPONSOR/MONITOR'S REPORT NUMBER(S) SPC 05-3016 12. DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT Approved for public

250

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the link between cancer and depleted uranium. (2009) Available...Environmental pollution by depleted uranium in Iraq with special...possible effects on cancer and birth defect...Al-Saad H. T. Depleted Uranium and incidence of cancer in Basrah: a......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the actual DU fraction is undetermined...a preferential release of the 234U with...gets one per DU fraction, namely 673.108...20 m3 and a mean airborne concentration of...the uncontrolled release of DU. Individuals...particles generated in fires or during the impact......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......military use, and health effects of depleted uranium. (1999) Available...Properties, use and health effects of depleted uranium (DU): a general overview...Waligorski M. P.R. Depleted uranium-a health, environmental or societal......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of atomic radiation to the general assembly. Annex B-exposures...depleted uranium (DU): a general overview. J. Environ. Radioact...org/info/Nuclear-Fuel-Cycle/Uranium-Resources/Uranium-and-Depleted-Uranium...responses to chronically inhaled diesel exhaust and coal dust in rats......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......kinetic energy penetrators, armour plating for military vehicles and earth-penetrating weapons. In late 1979, a report...Uranium and incidence of cancer in Basrah: a preliminary ecological study. Med. J. Basrah Univ. (2009) 27(1):1-6......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Protano G. Trace element distribution and 235U...ammunition containing transuranic elements. In: Environmental...on www.nap.edu/catalog/12183.html . 30...compositions of the elements 1997. Pure Appl. Chem......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......4238-4242. 15 Ketterer M. E. , Hafer K. M., Link C. L., Royden C. S., Hartsock W. J. Anthropogenic 236Uat Rocky Flats, Ashtabula river harbor, and Mersey estuary: three case studies by sector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

ESTIMATION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT BURDEN RESULTING FROM A PROLONGED INHALATION EXPOSURE TO AEROSOLS OF DU, BASED ON THE U IN A 24-H URINE SAMPLE TAKEN YEARS AFTER EXPOSURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Impact of Airborne Effluents of Coal-Fired and Nuclear Power Plants...Agency (NEA), Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development...chronically inhaled diesel exhaust and coal dust in rats and cynomolgus...retention in the lungs of U.S. Coal Miners. Inhal. Toxicol......

M. Valdés

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Ties of Blood: Gender, Race, and Faulkner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joe Christmas’s discovery of menstruation in Light inChristmas discovers beneath Joanna Burden’s “clean austere garments” in Light

Fujie, Kristin Kyoko

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Methylmercury in fish: a review of residue levels, fish consumption and regulatory action in the United States  

SciTech Connect

The dangers associated with the consumption of large amounts of methylmercury in fish are well recognized, and there is some evidence to suggest that methylmercury may be the cause of subtle neurological impairments when ingested at even low to moderate levels, particularly the prenatal and early childhood periods. This concern has prompted a continuing assessment of the risk of methylmercury toxicity among fish consumers in the US as well as other countries. The toxicokinetics of methylmercury in humans are reviewed and used to estimate body burdens associated with toxic effects. To determine seafood consumption patterns among the continental US population the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has analyzed data from a diary study commissioned by the Tuna Research Foundation. Mercury residue levels in domestic fish sampled by the FDA were used to determine the level of exposure to methylmercury. Until evidence is presented that substantially lowers the known body burden of methylmercury which causes toxicity, calculations indicate that the current 1.0 ppm regulatory level provides adequate protection for the average fish consumer, for young children, and for a significant number of consumers exceeding the acceptable daily intake. However, additional studies are being carried out in a continuing process to ensure that safe levels of prenatal exposure to mercury residues in fish are maintained.

Tollefson, L.; Cordle, F.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Toward Design of a Universal Flu Vaccine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Toward Design of a Universal Flu Vaccine Print Toward Design of a Universal Flu Vaccine Print Worldwide, influenza causes substantial deaths and yearly economic burdens, but the highly changeable nature of the flu virus complicates the production of an effective vaccine. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that the effectiveness of this year's flu vaccine is about 62%. For comparison, this number for childhood vaccines is routinely well over 90%. One factor in determining the vaccine's effectiveness is how closely related the viruses used in the vaccine are to the viruses circulating that year. An international team of researchers, working at synchrotron facilities including the ALS, has solved the crystal structures of antibodies that protect against broad classes of influenza strains. Greater understanding of these antibody structures may aid in the eventual development of a universal vaccine, protecting against all types of influenza viruses and thus eliminating the guesswork that currently limits vaccine effectiveness.

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261

All General Counsel Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21, 2011 21, 2011 Regulatory Burden Request for Information Response to Regulatory Burden RFI March 21, 2011 Fireplace pictures pictures of fireplaces March 21, 2011 COGR Council on Governmental Relations Reducing Regulatory Burden - EO 13563 Retrospective Review March 21, 2011 Re: Regulatory Burden RFI Hearth Patio & Barbecue Association comments on Regulatory Burden RFI March 21, 2011 Re: Request for Information on Regulatory Burden of DOE Regulations Comments from Edison Electric Institute on DOE's Request for Information regarding the burden of DOE regulations. March 21, 2011 certification, compliance and enforcement regulations for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment (CRE) The current certification, compliance and enforcement regulations for

262

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Energy Burden Definitions Energy burden is an important statistic for policy makers who are considering the need for energy assistance. Energy burden can be defined broadly as the burden placed on household incomes by the cost of energy, or more simply, the ratio of energy expenditures to household income. However, there are different ways to compute energy burden, and different interpretations and uses of the energy burden statistics. DOE Weatherization primarily uses mean individual burden and mean group burden since these statistics provide data on how an "average" individual household fares against an "average" group of households (that is, how burdens are distributed for the population). DOE Weatherization (and HHS) also uses the median individual burden which shows

263

South Korea–U.S. free trade agreement will lower export barriers for California products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

improve- tariffs and impose safeguard measures to protecthigh, about ports. ) Safeguards will be imposed for Koreantransition. Typically, a safeguard in-season, which is why

Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Resolution in Support of Customer "Right-to-Know" and Product Labeling Standards for the Retail Marketing of Electricity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resolution in Support of Customer Resolution in Support of Customer "Right-to-Know" and Product Labeling Standards for the Retail Marketing of Electricity WHEREAS, At least 30 million consumers in six States will begin choosing among competitive electricity providers in early 1998 and retail access to competing electricity suppliers is under consideration in many other states; and WHEREAS, Electricity purchases make up a significant portion of the budget of many households; and WHEREAS, The production of electricity imposes very substantial resource and environmental impacts; and WHEREAS, Pilot retail access programs have shown that customer confusion and misleading claims are highly likely; and WHEREAS, Clear and uniform disclosure may promote efficiency through informed product comparisons; and informed customer choice cannot occur in a retail electricity

265

The Development of Interconnection Standards in Six States In 2007-2008  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the process of developing standards for the interconnection of photovoltaic systems and other generators under ten megawatts to the electric grid. State utility commission rulemakings in 2007-2008 in Florida, New Mexico, North Carolina, Maryland, Illinois and Utah provide the basis for analysis of what is and should be considered in the development of standards, and how the process can be improved. State interconnection standards vary substantially, and many utilities have discretion to establish additional or different requirements, creating literally hundreds of sets of rules. This lack of uniformity imposes a significant cost on project developers and installers to track and comply with applicable rules. As well, burdensome provisions and uncertain costs and timelines present formidable barriers to entry, which advocates have limited resources to challenge. For a better process, the author proposes: establishing federal standards as a baseline, involving solar advocates, and developing a utility cost-recovery mechanism.

Keyes, Jason B.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Financing and risk management of renewable energy projects with a hybrid bond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although many incentive schemes and renewable energy policies, such as feed-in tariffs and tax credits, have been imposed to boost renewable energy investment, renewable energy investment still necessitates huge initial capital costs and involves numerous uncertainties. Unless the problems are well addressed, renewable energy developments are hindered. In this paper, we present a new financing instrument, called hybrid bond, to build renewable energy projects. The hybrid bond consists of a portfolio of renewable energy projects. It does not only financially support the initial capital costs, but also manages the risks associated with renewable energy investment. Key risks including market risks, credit risks, liquidity risks, operational risks and political risks are identified and managed. In the proposed framework, it reveals that the sale of a hybrid bond can finance a substantial share of upfront capital costs of renewable energy projects and the use of hybrid bond is able to manage major uncertainties.

Cheuk Wing Lee; Jin Zhong

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

ACTIVE CONTROL TURBOCHARGER FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATION: AN EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT The current paper presents the results from a comprehensive set of experimental tests on a prototype active control turbocharger. This is a continuing series of test work as part of the development of this new type of turbocharger. Driven by the need to comply to increasingly strict emissions regulations as well as a continuing strive for better overall performance the active control turbocharger is intended to provide an improvement over the current state-of-the-art in turbocharging. In this system, the nozzle is able to alter the throat inlet area of the turbine according to the pressure variation of each engine exhaust gas pulse thus imposing a substantially more ‘active’ form of control of the conditions at the turbine rotor inlet.

Apostolos Pesiridis; Ricardo Martinez-Botas

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Comparison of the high temperature heat flux sensor to traditional heat flux gages under high heat flux conditions.  

SciTech Connect

Four types of heat flux gages (Gardon, Schmidt-Boelter, Directional Flame Temperature, and High Temperature Heat Flux Sensor) were assessed and compared under flux conditions ranging between 100-1000 kW/m2, such as those seen in hydrocarbon fire or propellant fire conditions. Short duration step and pulse boundary conditions were imposed using a six-panel cylindrical array of high-temperature tungsten lamps. Overall, agreement between all gages was acceptable for the pulse tests and also for the step tests. However, repeated tests with the HTHFS with relatively long durations at temperatures approaching 1000%C2%B0C showed a substantial decrease (10-25%) in heat flux subsequent to the initial test, likely due to the mounting technique. New HTHFS gages have been ordered to allow additional tests to determine the cause of the flux reduction.

Blanchat, Thomas K.; Hanks, Charles R.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device.

Metzger, John D. (Eaton's Neck, NY); El-Genk, Mohamed S. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat is disclosed. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device. 4 figs.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.

1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

272

Are window energy performance selection requirements in line with product design in heating-dominated climates?  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses energy efficiency criteria for selecting windows and the limitations imposed by the necessity of a factory rating number as opposed to using specific design criteria for each house window. The Canadian annual energy rating (ER) system for residential windows that was derived for use in a cold climate where passive solar gains are significant is described. Corrections are noted to account for specific house differences and for cooling situations. The conclusion is that a rating system must account accurately for solar gain since passive solar is important in this climate. Adoption of the rating system has led to improvements in window design and fabrication beyond simply incorporating low-e glass and argon in sealed double units. Examples are given to illustrate substantially higher ER numbers obtained through improvements that impact on both overall U-factor and solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC).

Henry, R.; Dubrous, F. [Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

273

Non-synchronous control of self-oscillating resonant converters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A self-oscillating switching power converter has a controllable reactance including an active device connected to a reactive element, wherein the effective reactance of the reactance and the active device is controlled such that the control waveform for the active device is binary digital and is not synchronized with the switching converter output frequency. The active device is turned completely on and off at a frequency that is substantially greater than the maximum frequency imposed on the output terminals of the active device. The effect is to vary the average resistance across the active device output terminals, and thus the effective output reactance, thereby providing converter output control, while maintaining the response speed of the converter.

Glaser, John Stanley (Niskayuna, NY); Zane, Regan Andrew (Scotia, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Hybrid slab-microchannel gel electrophoresis system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid slab-microchannel gel electrophoresis system is described. The hybrid system permits the fabrication of isolated microchannels for biomolecule separations without imposing the constraint of a totally sealed system. The hybrid system is reusable and ultimately much simpler and less costly to manufacture than a closed channel plate system. The hybrid system incorporates a microslab portion of the separation medium above the microchannels, thus at least substantially reducing the possibility of non-uniform field distribution and breakdown due to uncontrollable leakage. A microslab of the sieving matrix is built into the system by using plastic spacer materials and is used to uniformly couple the top plate with the bottom microchannel plate. 4 figs.

Balch, J.W.; Carrano, A.V.; Davidson, J.C.; Koo, J.C.

1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

275

Construction and testing of a flue-gas corrosion probe  

SciTech Connect

The selection of suitable materials for industrial, waste-heat- recovery systems requires assessment of corrosion of materials in various flue-gas environments. Such assessments involve exposing candidate materials to high-temperature flue gases and analyzing the effects of the exposure conditions. Because corrosion is related to flue-gas chemical composition and temperature, variations in temperature complicate the determination of corrosion rates and corrosion mechanisms. Conversely, a relatively constant temperature allows a more accurate determination of the effects of exposure conditions. For this reason, controlled-temperature flue-gas corrosion probes were constructed and tested for exposure tests of materials. A prototype probe consisted of a silicon carbide tube specimen, supporting hardware, and instrumentation for controlling temperature by internal heating and cooling. An advanced probe included other tubular specimens. Testing of the probes in an industrial-type furnace at a nominal flue-gas temperature of 1200{degree}C revealed that temperature control was inadequate. The cooling mode imposed a substantial axial-temperature gradient on the specimens; while the heating mode imposed a smaller gradient, the heating capacity was very limited. 10 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

Federer, J.I.; McEvers, J.A.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

A Novel Application of Parallel Betweenness Centrality to Power Grid Contingency Analysis  

SciTech Connect

In Energy Management Systems, contingency analysis is commonly performed for identifying and mitigating potentially harmful power grid component failures. The exponentially increasing combinatorial number of failure modes imposes a significant computational burden for massive contingency analysis. It is critical to select a limited set of high-impact contingency cases within the constraint of computing power and time requirements to make it possible for real-time power system vulnerability assessment. In this paper, we present a novel application of parallel betweenness centrality to power grid contingency selection. We cross-validate the proposed method using the model and data of the western US power grid, and implement it on a Cray XMT system - a massively multithreaded architecture - leveraging its advantages for parallel execution of irregular algorithms, such as graph analysis. We achieve a speedup of 55 times (on 64 processors) compared against the single-processor version of the same code running on the Cray XMT. We also compare an OpenMP-based version of the same code running on an HP Superdome shared-memory machine. The performance of the Cray XMT code shows better scalability and resource utilization, and shorter execution time for large-scale power grids. This proposed approach has been evaluated in PNNL’s Electricity Infrastructure Operations Center (EIOC). It is expected to provide a quick and efficient solution to massive contingency selection problems to help power grid operators to identify and mitigate potential widespread cascading power grid failures in real time.

Jin, Shuangshuang; Huang, Zhenyu; Chen, Yousu; Chavarría-Miranda, Daniel; Feo, John T.; Wong, Pak C.

2010-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

277

CEMS (continuous emission monitoring systems) pilot project: evaluation of opacity CEMS reliability and QA (quality assurance) procedures. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

A study was conducted in Missouri to evaluate the reliability of opacity-monitoring data and to facilitate the development and evaluation of QA procedures for opacity CEMS's. The study included opacity CEMS's installed on six coal-fired electric utility generating units at four generating stations, each owned by a different company. The sources were representative of a wide range of monitoring applications and conditions, and were equipped with contemporary opacity monitoring instrumentation. For each station, monitor- and source-specific opacity CEMS QA procedures were developed and CEMS audits were conducted at the beginning of the study. Plant personnel implemented and revised the QA procedures and conducted a performance audit during a 6- to 8-month period. Performance audits were also conducted at the end of the study. The report presents evaluations both of opacity CEMS reliability (i.e., accuracy, precision, and availability) and of the QA procedures that were used in the study. In summary, appropriate and effective QA procedures can be developed and implemented for a variety of opacity monitoring equipment and applications without imposing an undue burden on the monitor operators. Such procedures are inherently source- and monitor-specific. Reliable opacity monitoring data are obtained when appropriate QA procedures are implemented.

Peeler, J.W.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Soya: a Programming Model and Runtime Environment for Component Composition using SSDL  

SciTech Connect

The SOAP Service Description Language (SSDL) is a SOAPcentric language for describing Web Service contracts. SSDL focuses on message abstraction as the building block for creating service-oriented applications and provides an extensible range of protocol frameworks that can be used to describe and formally model component composition based on Web Service interactions. Given its novel approach, implementing support for SSDL contracts presents interesting challenges to middleware developers. At one end of the spectrum, programming abstractions that support message-oriented designs need to be created. At the other end, new functionality and semantics must be added to existing SOAP engines. In this paper we explain how component developers can create message-oriented Web Service interfaces with contemporary tool support (specifically the Windows Communication Foundation) using SSDL. We show how SSDL can be used as an alternative and powerful metadata language natively alongside existing tooling without imposing additional burdens on application developers. Moreover, we describe the design and architecture of the Soya middleware which supports

Fornasier, Patrick; Webber, James; Gorton, Ian

2007-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

279

Integrating the cold load pickup effect of reserve supplying demand response resource in social cost minimization based system scheduling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Expansion of smart grids and aggregator business facilitates the utilization of reserve supplying demand response (RSDR) resources. One of the loads that are increasingly used for reserve provision is air-conditioning load (ACL) that have cold load pickup (CLPU) or “payback” characteristics. With larger scale utilization of RSDR resources, as an effect of increasing DR aggregation business, CLPU characteristics of ACL can affect system optimal operation. Actual utilization time and duration of RSDR resources are probabilistic and affected by system scheduling and contingency occurrence. Therefore the CLPU effect of RSDR resources is probabilistic. This creates extra burden on the system reliability maintenance that should be considered from social cost minimization point of view. This complexity is addressed in this paper by modeling the extra expected load not supplied (ELNS) that the probabilistic CLPU of RSDR can impose on system. Then the aggregated RSDR resources, with CLPU characteristics, are integrated into day-ahead simultaneous system scheduling with the objective function of social cost minimization. This study showed that CLPU can have considerable effects on system scheduling and RSDR effectiveness. The proposed method of this paper proved to be useful for reducing the negative effects of CLPU while using RSDR resources.

Mahdi Behrangrad; Hideharu Sugihara; Tsuyoshi Funaki

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

The impacts of solar water heating in low-income households on the distribution utility’s active, reactive and apparent power demands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Brazilian low-income households, water-heating requirements are typically met by electrical showerheads. On average, 73.1% of all residential units in the country are equipped with these resistance-heating devices, with nominal powers ranging from 3 to 8 kW. This situation imposes a considerable burden on the electricity utility companies, since electrical showerheads typically represent the highest load but the lowest utilization (load factor) in a residential consumer unit. Furthermore, typical utilization times coincide with, and contribute to, the electrical power demand peaks in Brazil, rendering these low-cost, high-power electrical devices a high-cost consumer for the electrical system to cater for. For low-income residential consumers, electricity tariffs are subsidized, and utilities must therefore make a considerable investment in infrastructure for a limited return. In this paper we analyze the impacts of solar water heating in low-income households on the distribution utility active, reactive and apparent power demands. We have monitored a statistically representative group of low-income residences equipped with a compact domestic solar water heater in Florianopolis – Brazil for 1 year. We show that in comparison with identical residential units using electrical showerheads, with the adoption of solar water heating the reductions in the active, reactive and apparent power demands on the distribution utility were 49%, 29% and 49% respectively.

Helena F. Naspolini; Ricardo Rüther

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Can the dark energy equation-of-state parameter w be less than -1?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Models of dark energy are conveniently characterized by the equation-of-state parameter w=p/?, where ? is the energy density and p is the pressure. Imposing the dominant energy condition, which guarantees stability of the theory, implies that w>~-1. Nevertheless, it is conceivable that a well-defined model could (perhaps temporarily) have w<-1?, and indeed such models have been proposed. We study the stability of dynamical models exhibiting w<-1 by virtue of a negative kinetic term. Although naively unstable, we explore the possibility that these models might be phenomenologically viable if thought of as effective field theories valid only up to a certain momentum cutoff. Under our most optimistic assumptions, we argue that the instability time scale can be greater than the age of the universe, but only if the cutoff is at or below 10-3 eV. We conclude that it is difficult, although not necessarily impossible, to construct viable models of dark energy with w<-1; observers should keep an open mind, but the burden is on theorists to demonstrate that any proposed new models are not ruled out by rapid vacuum decay.

Sean M. Carroll; Mark Hoffman; Mark Trodden

2003-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

282

Cross flow filtration for radwaste applications reverse osmosis demonstration case studies  

SciTech Connect

Today`s radwaste economic and regulatory scenarios signify the importance in the improvement of operational practices to reduce generator liabilities. This action is largely due to the rising cost dealing with burial sites and the imposed waste volume restriction. To control the economical burdens associated with waste burial and to comply with stricter environmental regulations, NPP`s are attempting to modify their radwaste system(s) design and operating philosophy by placing a major emphasis on waste volume reduction and processing techniques. The utilization of reverse osmosis technology as a means for treatment of process and wastewater streams in the nuclear power industry has been investigated for many years. This paper will outline reverse osmosis theory and highlight performance data for process and waste stream purification applications. Case studies performed at 5 nuclear plants have been outlined. The demonstrations were performed on a widely variety of process stream for both a PWR and BWR application. The data provided by the pilot systems, the equipment design, and the economical impact a reverse osmosis unit will have on producing treated (high purity) are as follows.

Malkmus, D. [VECTRA Technologies, Inc., Columbia, SC (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Suggested guidelines for anti-islanding screening.  

SciTech Connect

As increasing numbers of photovoltaic (PV) systems are connected to utility systems, distribution engineers are becoming increasingly concerned about the risk of formation of unintentional islands. Utilities desire to keep their systems secure, while not imposing unreasonable burdens on users wishing to connect PV. However, utility experience with these systems is still relatively sparse, so distribution engineers often are uncertain as to when additional protective measures, such as direct transfer trip, are needed to avoid unintentional island formation. In the absence of such certainty, utilities must err on the side of caution, which in some cases may lead to the unnecessary requirement of additional protection. The purpose of this document is to provide distribution engineers and decision makers with guidance on when additional measures or additional study may be prudent, and also on certain cases in which utilities may allow PV installations to proceed without additional study because the risk of an unintentional island is extremely low. The goal is to reduce the number of cases of unnecessary application of additional protection, while giving utilities a basis on which to request additional study in cases where it is warranted.

Ellis, Abraham; Ropp, Michael

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Multiphysics Simulation of Nuclear Reactors F  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

dependence ... 14 D. Full core VHTR with imposed temperature distribution ... 16 E. Full core VHTR with...

285

Cost of near-roadway and regional air pollution–attributable childhood asthma in Los Angeles County  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background Emerging evidence suggests that near-roadway air pollution (NRP) exposure causes childhood asthma. The associated costs are not well documented. Objective We estimated the cost of childhood asthma attributable to residential NRP exposure and regional ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels in Los Angeles County. We developed a novel approach to apportion the costs between these exposures under different pollution scenarios. Methods We integrated results from a study of willingness to pay to reduce the burden of asthma with results from studies of health care use and charges to estimate the costs of an asthma case and exacerbation. We applied those costs to the number of asthma cases and exacerbations caused by regional pollution in 2007 and to hypothetical scenarios of a 20% reduction in regional pollution in combination with a 20% reduction or increase in the proportion of the total population living within 75 m of a major roadway. Results Cost of air pollution–related asthma in Los Angeles County in 2007 was $441 million for O3 and $202 million for NO2 in 2010 dollars. Cost of routine care (care in absence of exacerbation) accounted for 18% of the combined NRP and O3 cost and 39% of the combined NRP and NO2 cost; these costs were not recognized in previous analyses. NRP-attributable asthma accounted for 43% (O3) to 51% (NO2) of the total annual cost of exacerbations and routine care associated with pollution. Hypothetical scenarios showed that costs from increased NRP exposure might offset savings from reduced regional pollution. Conclusions Our model disaggregates the costs of regional pollution and NRP exposure and illustrates how they might vary under alternative exposure scenarios. The cost of air pollution is a substantial burden on families and an economic loss for society.

Sylvia Brandt; Laura Perez; Nino Künzli; Fred Lurmann; John Wilson; Manuel Pastor; Rob McConnell

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Assessment of the Effect of Air Pollution Controls on Trends in Shortwave Radiation over the United States from 1995 through 2010 from Multiple Observation Networks  

SciTech Connect

Long term datasets of total (all-sky) and clear-sky downwelling shortwave (SW) radiation, cloud cover fraction (cloudiness) and aerosol optical depth (AOD) are analyzed together with aerosol concentration from several networks (e.g. SURFRAD, CASTNET, IMPROVE and ARM) in the United States (US). Seven states with varying climatology are selected to better understand the effect of aerosols and clouds on SW radiation. This analysis aims to test the hypothesis that the reductions in anthropogenic aerosol burden resulting from substantial reductions in emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides over the past 15 years across the US has caused an increase in surface SW radiation. We show that the total and clear-sky downwelling SW radiation from seven sites have increasing trends except Penn State which shows no tendency in clear-sky SW radiation. After investigating several confounding factors, the causes can be due to the geography of the site, aerosol distribution, heavy air traffic and increasing cloudiness. Moreover, we assess the relationship between total column AOD with surface aerosol concentration to test our hypothesis. In our findings, the trends of clear-sky SW radiation, AOD, and aerosol concentration from the sites in eastern US agree well with our hypothesis. However, the sites in western US demonstrate increasing AOD associated with mostly increasing trends in surface aerosol concentration. At these sites, the changes in aerosol burden and/or direct aerosol effects alone cannot explain the observed changes in SW radiation, but other factors need to be considered such as cloudiness, aerosol vertical profiles and elevated plumes.

Gan, Chuen-Meei; Pleim, Jonathan; Mathur, Rohit; Hogrefe, Christian; Long, Charles N.; Xing, Jia; Roselle, Shawn; Wei, Chao

2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

287

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark Burden Sharing] #12;National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark Burden Sharing Ringius Risø National Laboratory Pia Frederiksen Katja Birr-Pedersen National Environmental Research

288

Effortless Incremental Design FMEA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effects analysis (FMEA) can be augmented to make incremental design FMEA much less of a burden for the

Christopher J. Price

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

DECREASE IN OVALBUMIN-INDUCED PULMONARY ALLERGIC RESPONSE BY BENZALDEHYDE BUT NOT ACETALDEHYDE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for other aldehydes indicate that another 5 to 10 percent of the total aldehyde burden is acrolein, which

Boyer, Edmond

290

4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Cost Analysis of Electric Grid Enhancement Utilizing Distributed Generation in Post-War Reconstruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to

Darol D. M. Fiala; Daniel Nussbaum; Jomana Amara

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Performance and analysis of amorphous silicon p-i-n solar cells made by chemical-vapor deposition from disilane  

SciTech Connect

The photovoltaic performance of amorphous silicon p-i-n solar cells made by chemical-vapor deposition (CVD) from disilane is reported and analyzed. Intrinsic layers were deposited at rates from 0.2 to 50 A/s at temperatures from 380 to 460 /sup 0/C with and without boron doping. Device performance was insensitive to substantial differences in disilane purity. A cell efficiency of 4% was achieved. The primary limitation to higher efficiency was low fill factor (<50%) due to high series resistance (>18 ..cap omega.. cm/sup 2/). Analysis of the series resistance indicated a contact-related resistance of 4--12 ..cap omega.. cm/sup 2/ and a photoconductive resistance composed of intrinsic layer thickness-independent (10 ..cap omega.. cm/sup 2/) and thickness-dependent terms. Analysis of the voltage dependence of the current collection indicated a fill factor of 60% would be expected in the absence of series resistance. The maximum short-circuit current of 12.5 mA/cm/sup 2/ (normalized to 100 mW/cm/sup 2/) resulted with a boron-doped i layer deposited at 440 /sup 0/C at 3.3 A/s. Modeling of the collection efficiency indicated collection widths up to 0.33 ..mu..m for boron-doped and 0.24 ..mu..m for undoped p-i-n devices. In order to achieve high-efficiency cells using CVD from disilane, the limitations imposed by low photoconductivity, a high density of states, and restricted cell design imposed by the high deposition temperatures would have to be overcome.

Hegedus, S.S.; Rocheleau, R.E.; Buchanan, W.; Baron, B.N.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Toward Design of a Universal Flu Vaccine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Toward Design of a Universal Flu Toward Design of a Universal Flu Vaccine Toward Design of a Universal Flu Vaccine Print Wednesday, 30 January 2013 00:00 Worldwide, influenza causes substantial deaths and yearly economic burdens, but the highly changeable nature of the flu virus complicates the production of an effective vaccine. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that the effectiveness of this year's flu vaccine is about 62%. For comparison, this number for childhood vaccines is routinely well over 90%. One factor in determining the vaccine's effectiveness is how closely related the viruses used in the vaccine are to the viruses circulating that year. An international team of researchers, working at synchrotron facilities including the ALS, has solved the crystal structures of antibodies that protect against broad classes of influenza strains. Greater understanding of these antibody structures may aid in the eventual development of a universal vaccine, protecting against all types of influenza viruses and thus eliminating the guesswork that currently limits vaccine effectiveness.

293

Understanding the nature of nuclear power plant risk  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the evolution of understanding of severe accident consequences from the non-mechanistic assumptions of WASH-740 to WASH-1400, NUREG-1150, SOARCA and today in the interpretation of the consequences of the accident at Fukushima. As opposed to the general perception, the radiological human health consequences to members of the Japanese public from the Fukushima accident will be small despite meltdowns at three reactors and loss of containment integrity. In contrast, the radiation-related societal impacts present a substantial additional economic burden on top of the monumental task of economic recovery from the nonnuclear aspects of the earthquake and tsunami damage. The Fukushima accident provides additional evidence that we have mis-characterized the risk of nuclear power plant accidents to ourselves and to the public. The human health risks are extremely small even to people living next door to a nuclear power plant. The principal risk associated with a nuclear power plant accident involves societal impacts: relocation of people, loss of land use, loss of contaminated products, decontamination costs and the need for replacement power. Although two of the three probabilistic safety goals of the NRC address societal risk, the associated quantitative health objectives in reality only address individual human health risk. This paper describes the types of analysis that would address compliance with the societal goals. (authors)

Denning, R. S. [Ohio State Univ., 201 West 19th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210-1142 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Australian coal mine methane emissions mitigation potential using a Stirling engine-based CHP system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Methane, a major contributor to global warming, is a greenhouse gas emitted from coal mines. Abundance of coal mines and consequently a considerable amount of methane emission requires drastic measures to mitigate harmful effects of coal mining on the environment. One of the commonly adopted methods is to use emitted methane to fuel power generation systems; however, instability of fuel sources hinders the development of systems using conventional prime movers. To address this, application of Stirling engines may be considered. Here, we develop a techno-economic methodology for conducting an optimisation-based feasibility study on the application of Stirling engines as the prime movers of coal mine CHP systems from an economic and an environmental point of view. To examine the impact of environmental policies on the economics of the system, the two commonly implemented ones (i.e. a carbon tax and emissions trading scheme) are considered. The methodology was applied to a local coal mine. The results indicate that incorporating the modelled system not only leads to a substantial reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, but also to improved economics. Further, due to the heavy economic burden, the carbon tax scheme creates great incentive for coal mine industry to address the methane emissions.

Mehdi Aghaei Meybodi; Masud Behnia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Chemical Form Matters: Differential Accumulation of Mercury Following Inorganic and Organic Mercury Exposures in Zebrafish Larvae  

SciTech Connect

Mercury, one of the most toxic elements, exists in various chemical forms each with different toxicities and health implications. Some methylated mercury forms, one of which exists in fish and other seafood products, pose a potential threat, especially during embryonic and early postnatal development. Despite global concerns, little is known about the mechanisms underlying transport and toxicity of different mercury species. To investigate the impact of different mercury chemical forms on vertebrate development, we have successfully combined the zebrafish, a well-established developmental biology model system, with synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence imaging. Our work revealed substantial differences in tissue-specific accumulation patterns of mercury in zebrafish larvae exposed to four different mercury formulations in water. Methylmercury species not only resulted in overall higher mercury burdens but also targeted different cells and tissues than their inorganic counterparts, thus revealing a significant role of speciation in cellular and molecular targeting and mercury sequestration. For methylmercury species, the highest mercury concentrations were in the eye lens epithelial cells, independent of the formulation ligand (chloride versus L-cysteine). For inorganic mercury species, in absence of L-cysteine, the olfactory epithelium and kidney accumulated the greatest amounts of mercury. However, with L-cysteine present in the treatment solution, mercuric bis-L-cysteineate species dominated the treatment, significantly decreasing uptake. Our results clearly demonstrate that the common differentiation between organic and inorganic mercury is not sufficient to determine the toxicity of various mercury species.

Korbas, Malgorzata; MacDonald, Tracy C.; Pickering, Ingrid J.; George, Graham N.; Krone, Patrick H. (Saskatchewan)

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

296

Assessment of Indoor Air Quality Benefits and Energy Costs of Mechanical Ventilation  

SciTech Connect

Intake of chemical air pollutants in residences represents an important and substantial health hazard. Sealing homes to reduce air infiltration can save space conditioning energy, but can also increase indoor pollutant concentrations. Mechanical ventilation ensures a minimum amount of outdoor airflow that helps reduce concentrations of indoor emitted pollutants while requiring some energy for fan(s) and thermal conditioning of the added airflow. This work demonstrates a physics based, data driven modeling framework for comparing the costs and benefits of whole-house mechanical ventilation and applied the framework to new California homes. The results indicate that, on a population basis, the health benefits from reduced exposure to indoor pollutants in New California homes are worth the energy costs of adding mechanical ventilation as specified by ASHRAE Standard 62.2.This study determines the health burden for a subset of pollutants in indoor air and the costs and benefits of ASHRAE's mechanical ventilation standard (62.2) for new California homes. Results indicate that, on a population basis, the health benefits of new home mechanical ventilation justify the energy costs.

Logue, J.M.; Price, P.N.; Sherman, M.H.; Singer, B.C.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Rates A special excise tax rate of 2% is imposed on the sale of propane (liquefied petroleum gas) and a tax of 0.04 per gallon is imposed on all special fuels sales, including...

298

IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, VOL. 9, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2009 1895 Environmentally Robust MEMS Vibratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and electronics integration, and high-volume manufacturing techniques. The automotive environment imposed Gyroscopes for Automotive Applications Cenk Acar, Member, IEEE, Adam R. Schofield, Member, IEEE, Alexander A Abstract--Automotive applications are known to impose quite harsh environmental conditions

Tang, William C

299

Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

blended biodiesel does not qualify. The biodiesel tax credit is applied against the corporation income tax imposed under KRS 141.040 and/or the limited liability entity tax (LLET) imposed under KRS...

300

Modelling the thermal evolution of enzyme-created bubbles in DNA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...dependence of these oscillating bubbles. To this aim, the underlying...attention is paid to the stability of the oscillating bubbles under the imposed thermal...attention is paid to the stability of the oscillating bubbles under the imposed thermal...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Eligibility: Residential Savings Category: Lighting Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency...

302

Mainstreaming international governance: The environment, gender, and IO performance in the European Union  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of President José Manuel Barroso has imposed his betterofficial, “these are all Barroso’s people and they can stop

Pollack, Mark A.; Hafner-Burton, Emilie M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic location system Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and inhomogeneous, imposing several major challenges to communication systems: very limited Source: Ragsdell, Kenneth M. - Design Engineering Center, University of...

304

Dynamics of zonal-mean flow assimilation and implications for winter circulation anomalies  

SciTech Connect

Seasonally averaged 200-mb circulations for recent winters (1987/88 and 1988/89) that represent opposite phases of El Nino and a zonal-mean zonal flow index cycle are diagnosed using data assimilated by the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) and operational analyses of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). The comparison is undertaken to determine whether there are significant differences in the 200-mb vorticity dynamics implied by the mean meridional circulations in the two datasets and whether these differences can be related to the Incremental Analysis Update (IAU) method used in the GEOS assimilation. The two datasets show a high degree of similarity in their depictions of the large-scale rotational flow, but there are substantial differences in the associated divergent circulations. For the zonal-mean flow, the zonal winds are substantially the same, but the meridional wind in the Tropics and subtropics is considerably weaker in the GEOS assimilation than its counterparts in both the ECMWF data and the GEOS analyses used to produce the assimilation. The authors examine the assimilation of the Hadley circulation using a zonally symmetric f-plane model. For this model, the IAU method easily assimilates the rotational flow but fails to assimilate the divergent circulation. This deficiency of the IAU method may explain the weakness of the Hadley cell in the GEOS assimilation. For this simple model, an alternative assimilation method, based on constraints imposed by the analyzed potential vorticity and mean meridional circulation fields, is proposed that simultaneously assimilates both rotational and divergent flow components. Barotropic modeling suggests that an accurate representation of mean meridional flow anomalies can be important for the diagnosis of both zonal-mean and eddy rotational flow perturbations, particularly during extreme phases of the zonal-mean zonal flow fluctuation. 22 refs., 10 figs.

DeWeaver, E.; Nigam, S. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)] [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

HIGH-PERFORMANCE COATING MATERIALS  

SciTech Connect

Corrosion, erosion, oxidation, and fouling by scale deposits impose critical issues in selecting the metal components used at geothermal power plants operating at brine temperatures up to 300 C. Replacing these components is very costly and time consuming. Currently, components made of titanium alloy and stainless steel commonly are employed for dealing with these problems. However, another major consideration in using these metals is not only that they are considerably more expensive than carbon steel, but also the susceptibility of corrosion-preventing passive oxide layers that develop on their outermost surface sites to reactions with brine-induced scales, such as silicate, silica, and calcite. Such reactions lead to the formation of strong interfacial bonds between the scales and oxide layers, causing the accumulation of multiple layers of scales, and the impairment of the plant component's function and efficacy; furthermore, a substantial amount of time is entailed in removing them. This cleaning operation essential for reusing the components is one of the factors causing the increase in the plant's maintenance costs. If inexpensive carbon steel components could be coated and lined with cost-effective high-hydrothermal temperature stable, anti-corrosion, -oxidation, and -fouling materials, this would improve the power plant's economic factors by engendering a considerable reduction in capital investment, and a decrease in the costs of operations and maintenance through optimized maintenance schedules.

SUGAMA,T.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Energetic Particle Physics In Fusion Research In Preparation For Burning Plasma Experiments  

SciTech Connect

The area of energetic particle (EP) physics of fusion research has been actively and extensively researched in recent decades. The progress achieved in advancing and understanding EP physics has been substantial since the last comprehensive review on this topic by W.W. Heidbrink and G.J. Sadler [1]. That review coincided with the start of deuterium-tritium (DT) experiments on Tokamak Fusion Test reactor (TFTR) and full scale fusion alphas physics studies. Fusion research in recent years has been influenced by EP physics in many ways including the limitations imposed by the "sea" of Alfven eigenmodes (AE) in particular by the toroidicityinduced AEs (TAE) modes and reversed shear Alfven (RSAE). In present paper we attempt a broad review of EP physics progress in tokamaks and spherical tori since the first DT experiments on TFTR and JET (Joint European Torus) including helical/stellarator devices. Introductory discussions on basic ingredients of EP physics, i.e. particle orbits in STs, fundamental diagnostic techniques of EPs and instabilities, wave particle resonances and others are given to help understanding the advanced topics of EP physics. At the end we cover important and interesting physics issues toward the burning plasma experiments such as ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor).

Gorelenkov, Nikolai N [PPPL

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The importance of external costs for the competitiveness of renewable energies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low environmental damage is one of the main justifications for solar energy, especially now that supply security has slipped from public consciousness. In recent years, there has been much progress in the analysis of environmental damages, in particular thanks to the ExternE (external costs of energy) Project of the European Commission. This note presents a brief summary and comparison of external costs for the major energy technologies. Even though the uncertainties are large, the results provide substantial evidence that the classical air pollutants (particles, NO x and SO x ) from fossil fuels impose a heavy toll, in addition to the cost of global warming. The external costs are especially large for coal; even for ''best available technology'', they may be comparable to the price of electricity. For natural gas, the external costs are about a third to a half of coal. The external costs of nuclear energy are small (at most a few percent) compared to the price of electricity, and so are the external costs of most renewable energy systems. Therefore, if the external costs of all energy sources were internalised by government regulations, most renewable energies would become much more competitive.

A. Rabl

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Aperture Test for Internal Target Operation in the JLAB High-current ERL  

SciTech Connect

A high current beam transmission test has been successfully completed at the JLAB FEL Facility, culminating in very low-loss transmission of a high current CW beam through a small aperture. The purpose of this test was to determine if an ERL is capable of meeting the stringent requirements imposed by the use of a 1018/cm3 internal gas target proposed for the DarkLight experiment*. Minimal beamline modifications were made to create a machine configuration that is substantially different from those used in routine UV or IR FEL operation. A sustained (8 hour) high power beam run was performed, with clean transmission through a 2 mm transverse aperture of 127 mm length simulating the target configuration. A beam size of 50 um (rms) was measured near the center of the aperture. Experimental data from a week-long test run consistently exhibited beam loss of only a few ppm on the aperture while running 4.5 mA current at 100 MeV -- or nearly 0.5 MW beam power. This surpassed the users? expectation and demonstrated a unique capability of an ERL for this type of experiments. This report presents a summary of the experiment, a brief overview of our activities, and outlines future plans.

Zhang, Shukui

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Algebraic synthesis of time-optimal unitaries in SU(2) with alternating controls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an algebraic framework to study the time-optimal synthesis of arbitrary unitaries in SU(2), when the control set is restricted to rotations around two non-parallel axes in the Bloch sphere. Our method bypasses commonly used control-theoretical techniques, and easily imposes necessary conditions on time-optimal sequences. In a straightforward fashion, we prove that time-optimal sequences are solely parametrized by three rotation angles and derive general bounds on those angles as a function of the relative rotation speed of each control and the angle between the axes. Results are substantially different whether both clockwise and counterclockwise rotations about the given axes are allowed, or only clockwise rotations. In the first case, we prove that any finite time-optimal sequence is composed at most of five control concatenations, while for the more restrictive case, we present scaling laws on the maximum length of any finite time-optimal sequence. The bounds we find for both cases are stricter than previously published ones and severely constrain the structure of time-optimal sequences, allowing for an efficient numerical search of the time-optimal solution. Our results can be used to find the time-optimal evolution of qubit systems under the action of the considered control set, and thus potentially increase the number of realizable unitaries before decoherence.

Clarice D. Aiello; Michele Allegra; Boerge Hemmerling; Xiaoting Wang; Paola Cappellaro

2014-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

310

Performance of a municipal solid waste (MSW) incinerator predicted with a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to investigate by the means of numerical simulation the performance of the MSW incinerator with of Vercelli (Italy). FLUENT, a finite-volumes commercial code for Fluid Dynamics has been used to predict the 3-D reacting flows (gaseous phase) within the incinerator geometry, in order to estimate if the three conditions settled by the Italian law (P.D. 915 / 82) are respected: (a) Flue gas temperature at the input of the secondary combustion chamber must exceed 950 C. (b) Oxygen concentration in the same section must exceed 6 %. (c) Residence time for the flue gas in the secondary combustion chamber must exceed 2 seconds. The model of the incinerator has been created using the software pre-processing facilities (wall, input, outlet and live cells), together with the set-up of boundary conditions. There are also imposed the combustion constants (stoichiometry, heat of combustion, air excess). The solving procedure transforms at the level of each live cell the partial derivative equations in algebraic equations, computing the velocities field, the temperatures, gases concentration, etc. These predicted values were compared with the design properties, and the conclusion was that the conditions (a), (b), (c), are respected in normal operation. The powerful graphic interface helps the user to visualize the magnitude of the computed parameters. These results may be successfully used for the design and operation improvements for MSW incinerators. This fact will substantially increase the efficiency, reduce pollutant emissions and optimize the plant overall performance.

Anglesio, P.; Negreanu, G.P.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Are the red halos of galaxies made of low-mass stars? Constraints from subdwarf star counts in the Milky Way halo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface photometry detections of red and exceedingly faint halos around galaxies have resurrected the old question of whether some non-negligible fraction of the missing baryons of the Universe could be hiding in the form of faint, hydrogen-burning stars. The optical/near-infrared colours of these red halos have proved very difficult to reconcile with any normal type of stellar population, but can in principle be explained by advocating a bottom-heavy stellar initial mass function. This implies a high stellar mass-to-light ratio and hence a substantial baryonic mass locked up in such halos. Here, we explore the constraints imposed by current observations of ordinary stellar halo subdwarfs on a putative red halo of low-mass stars around the Milky Way. Assuming structural parameters similar to those of the red halo recently detected in stacked images of external disk galaxies, we find that a smooth halo component with a bottom-heavy initial mass function is completely ruled out by current star count data for the Milky Way. All viable smooth red halo models with a density slope even remotely similar to that of the stacked halo moreover contain far too little mass to have any bearing on the missing-baryon problem. However, we note that these constraints can be sidestepped if the red halo stars are locked up in star clusters, and discuss potential observations of other nearby galaxies that may be able to put such scenarios to the test.

E. Zackrisson; C. Flynn

2008-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

312

Airflow Simulations around OA Intake Louver with Electronic Velocity Sensors  

SciTech Connect

It is important to control outdoor airflow rates into HVAC systems in terms of energy conservation and healthy indoor environment. Technologies are being developed to measure outdoor air (OA) flow rates through OA intake louvers on a real time basis. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the airflow characteristics through an OA intake louver numerically in order to provide suggestions for sensor installations. Airflow patterns are simulated with and without electronic air velocity sensors within cylindrical probes installed between louver blades or at the downstream face of the louver. Numerical results show quite good agreements with experimental data, and provide insights regarding measurement system design. The simulations indicate that velocity profiles are more spatially uniform at the louver outlet relative to between louver blades, that pressure drops imposed by the sensor bars are smaller with sensor bars at the louver outlet, and that placement of the sensor bars between louver blades substantially increases air velocities inside the louver. These findings suggest there is an advantage to placing the sensor bars at the louver outlet face.

Han, Hwataik; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Fisk, William J.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Knowledge, data and interests: Challenges in participation of diverse stakeholders in HIA  

SciTech Connect

Stakeholder participation is considered an integral part of HIA. However, the challenges that participation implies in a multi-disciplinary and multi-ethnic society are less studied. This paper presents the manifestations of the multiplicity of sectors and population groups in HIA and discusses the challenges that such diversity imposes. Specifically, there is no common ground between participants, as their positions entail contradictory knowledge regarding the current situation, reliance on distinct data and conflicting interests. This entails usage of multiple professional and ethnic languages, disagreements regarding the definition of health and prioritizing health issues in HIA, and divergent perceptions of risk. These differences between participants are embedded culturally, socially, individually and, maybe most importantly, professionally. This complex picture of diverse stakeholder attributes is grounded in a case study of stakeholder participation in HIA, regarding zoning of a hazardous industry site in Israel. The implication is that participatory HIAs should address the multiplicity of stakeholders and types of knowledge, data and interests in a more comprehensive way. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This paper analyses challenges in participation of diverse stakeholders in HIA. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The multiplicity of disciplines and population groups raises fundamental challenges. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Stakeholders possess distinct and often contradictory knowledge, data and interests. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer They speak different languages, and differ on approaches to health and risk perceptions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Substantial amendments to diverse participation are needed, in HIA and generally.

Negev, Maya, E-mail: negevm@bgu.ac.il

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

The effect of magnetic field on optimal design of a rigid-bus substation  

SciTech Connect

Substation rigid-bus design involves electrical, mechanical, and structural considerations. In order to integrate these considerations into one document, IEEE in cooperation with ANSI has issued a comprehensive guide for design of substation rigid-bus systems. The design process based on this guide involves substantial manual effort to integrate all types of calculations. This is particularly evident when the computations have to be repeated several times in order to arrive at a more economic design. In an earlier paper the authors presented a mathematical model and computer program which automates the design process. Recently there has been concern expressed about the possible biological effects of low level magnetic fields. In view of this, a new design constraint taking into account the limits imposed on the magnitude of the magnetic field can be added to the design guidelines. In this paper the authors introduce such a constraint and they show how the magnitude of allowable magnetic field at a specified distance from the station buses affects the optimal design of a rigid bus substation.

Anders, G.J.; Ford, G.L.; Horrocks, D.J. (Ontario Hydro, Toronto, Ontario (Canada))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Global vs local Casimir effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper continues the investigation of the Casimir effect with the use of the algebraic formulation of quantum field theory in the initial value setting. Basing on earlier papers by one of us (AH) we approximate the Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions by simple interaction models whose nonlocality in physical space is under strict control, but which at the same time are admissible from the point of view of algebraic restrictions imposed on models in the context of Casimir backreaction. The geometrical setting is that of the original parallel plates. By scaling our models and taking appropriate limit we approach the sharp boundary conditions in the limit. The global force is analyzed in that limit. One finds in Neumann case that although the sharp boundary interaction is recovered in the norm resolvent sense for each model considered, the total force per area depends substantially on its choice and diverges in the sharp boundary conditions limit. On the other hand the local energy density outside the interaction region, which in the limit includes any compact set outside the strict position of the plates, has a universal limit corresponding to sharp conditions. This is what one should expect in general, and the lack of this discrepancy in Dirichlet case is rather accidental. Our discussion pins down its precise origin: the difference in the order in which scaling limit and integration over the whole space is carried out.

Andrzej Herdegen; Mariusz Stopa

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

316

Heat strain and heat stress for workers wearing protective suits at a hazardous waste site  

SciTech Connect

In order to evaluate the effects of heat stress when full body protective suits are worn, heart rates, oral temperatures and environmental parameters were measured for five unacclimatized male workers (25-33 years of age) who performed sampling activities during hazardous waste clean-up operations. The protective ensembles included laminated PVC-Tyvec chemical resistant hood suits with rubber boots, gloves, full facepiece dual cartridge respirators and hard hats. For comparison, measurements also were performed when the men worked at a similar level of activity while they wore ordinary work clothes. A comparison of the heart rates for the men working with and without suits indicated that wearing the suits imposed a heat stress equivalent to adding 6/sup 0/ to 11/sup 0/C (11/sup 0/ to 20/sup 0/F) to the ambient WBGT index. A similar result was obtained by calculating the WBGT in the microclimate inside the suits and comparing it to the ambient WBGT. These results indicate the following: 1) there exists a significant risk of heat injury during hazardous waste work when full body protective clothing is worn, and 2) threshold limit values for heat stress established by the ACGIH must be lowered substantially before extending them to cover workers under these conditions.

Paull, J.M.; Rosenthal, F.S.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Deconfinement transition in protoneutron stars: Analysis within the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model  

SciTech Connect

We study the effect of color superconductivity and neutrino trapping on the deconfinement transition of hadronic matter into quark matter in a protoneutron star. To describe the strongly interacting matter a two-phase picture is adopted. For the hadronic phase we use different parametrizations of a nonlinear Walecka model which includes the whole baryon octet. For the quark-matter phase we use an SU(3){sub f} Nambu-Jona-Lasinio effective model which includes color superconductivity. We impose color and flavor conservation during the transition in such a way that just deconfined quark matter is transitorily out of equilibrium with respect to weak interactions. We find that deconfinement is more difficult for small neutrino content and it is easier for lower temperatures although these effects are not too large. In addition they will tend to cancel each other as the protoneutron star cools and deleptonizes, resulting a transition density that is roughly constant along the evolution of the protoneutron star. According to these results the deconfinement transition is favored after substantial cooling and contraction of the protoneutron star.

Lugones, G.; Carmo, T. A. S. do [Universidade Federal do ABC, Centro de Ciencias Naturais e Humanas, Rua Santa Adelia, 166, 09210-170, Santo Andre (Brazil); Grunfeld, A. G. [CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, (1033) Buenos Aires (Argentina); Departmento de Fisica, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, (1429) Buenos Aires (Argentina); Department of Physics, Sultan Qaboos University, P.O. Box: 36 Al-Khode 123 Muscat (Oman); Scoccola, N. N. [CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, (1033) Buenos Aires (Argentina); Departmento de Fisica, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, (1429) Buenos Aires (Argentina); Universidad Favaloro, Solis 453, (1078) Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

Using market-based dispatching with environmental price signals to reduce emissions and  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility of using electricity dispatching strategies to achieve a 50% nitrogen oxide (NOx) emission reduction from electricity generating units was examined using the grid of the Electricity Reliability Council of Texas as a case study. Simulations of a hypothetical policy demonstrate that imposing higher NOx prices induces a switch from some coal-fired generation to natural gas generation, lowering NOx emissions. The simulation is for a day with relatively high electricity demand and accounts for transmission constraints. In addition to the lowering of the NOx emissions, there are co-benefits of the redispatching of generation from coal to natural gas, including reductions in the emissions of sulfur oxides (24%–71%), Hg (16%–82%) and CO2 (8.8%–22%). Water consumption was also decreased, by 4.4%–8.7%. Substantial reductions of NOx emissions can be achieved for an increased generation cost of 4–13%, which is due to the higher fuel price of gas relative to coal (assuming a price of $3.87 per MMBTU (MMBTU: million British thermal units) for natural gas, and $1.89 per MMBTU for coal). However, once the system has reduced NOx emissions by approximately 50%, there is little incremental reduction in emissions due to further increases in NOx prices.

Nawaf S Alhajeri; Pearl Donohoo; Ashlynn S Stillwell; Carey W King; Mort D Webster; Michael E Webber; David T Allen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Transportation Energy Futures Series: Freight Transportation Modal Shares: Scenarios for a Low-Carbon Future  

SciTech Connect

Truck, rail, water, air, and pipeline modes each serve a distinct share of the freight transportation market. The current allocation of freight by mode is the product of technologic, economic, and regulatory frameworks, and a variety of factors -- price, speed, reliability, accessibility, visibility, security, and safety -- influence mode. Based on a comprehensive literature review, this report considers how analytical methods can be used to project future modal shares and offers insights on federal policy decisions with the potential to prompt shifts to energy-efficient, low-emission modes. There are substantial opportunities to reduce the energy used for freight transportation, but it will be difficult to shift large volumes from one mode to another without imposing considerable additional costs on businesses and consumers. This report explores federal government actions that could help trigger the shifts in modal shares needed to reduce energy consumption and emissions. This is one in a series of reports produced as a result of the Transportation Energy Futures project, a Department of Energy-sponsored multi-agency effort to pinpoint underexplored strategies for reducing GHGs and petroleum dependence related to transportation.

Brogan, J. J.; Aeppli, A. E.; Beagan, D. F.; Brown, A.; Fischer, M. J.; Grenzeback, L. R.; McKenzie, E.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Vyas, A. D.; Witzke, E.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Effect of aged waste package and basalt on radioelement release  

SciTech Connect

Results of experiments are described that combine backfill, radioactive waste, and repository host rock in a single flowing groundwater stream in a manner analogous to a hydraulic breach of a waste repository. The experimental design is used to identify the chemical interactions that would occur if repository components were breached by flowing water. The results indicate that of three parameters studied, the alteration of the repository components as might occur upon aging had the most substantial influence on the migration of radioactive elements dissolved from the solid radioactive waste. The other two parameters, the metal alloy used in the apparatus and an ionizing radiation field imposed on the experimental apparatus, had little or no measurable effect on radioactive element transport by flowing water. Inasmuch as the alteration of the repository materials represent aging in an actual repository, it is concluded that changes with age may detrimentally affect the ability of a repository to isolate plutonium and neptunium, and possibly other radioactive elements in nuclear waste. 37 references, 2 figures, 2 tables.

Seitz, M.G.; Vandegrift, G.F.; Bowers, D.L.; Gerding, T.J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Determining the squark mass at the LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a new way to determine the squark mass based on the shape of dijet invariant mass distribution of supersymmetry dijet events at the Large Hadron Collider. Our algorithm, which is based on event kinematics, requires that the branching ratio B(q˜?qZ˜1) is substantial for at least some types of squarks, and that mZ˜12/mq˜2?1. We select dijet events with no isolated leptons, and impose cuts on the total jet transverse energy, ETtot=ET(j1)+ET(j2), on ?=ET(j2)/mjj, and on the azimuthal angle between the two jets to reduce standard model backgrounds. The shape of the resulting dijet mass distribution depends sensitively on the squark mass, especially if the integrated luminosity is sufficient to allow a hard enough cut on ETtot and yet leave a large enough signal to obtain the mjj distribution. We simulate the signal and standard model backgrounds for 100??fb-1 integrated luminosity at 14 TeV requiring ETtot>700??GeV. We show that it should be possible to extract mq˜ to within about 3% at 95% confidence level—similar to the precision obtained using mT2—from the dijet mass distribution if mq˜?650??GeV, or to within ?5% if mq˜?1??TeV.

Vernon Barger; Yu Gao; Andre Lessa; Xerxes Tata

2011-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

322

Impacts from Deployment Barriers on the United States Wind Power Industry: Overview & Preliminary Findings (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Regardless of cost and performance some wind projects are unable to proceed to commissioning as a result of deployment barriers. Principal deployment barriers in the industry today include: wildlife, public acceptance, access to transmission, and radar. To date, methods for understanding these non-technical barriers have failed to accurately characterize the costs imposed by deployment barriers and the degree of impact to the industry. Analytical challenges include limited data and modeling capabilities. Changes in policy and regulation, among other factors, also add complexity to analysis of impacts from deployment barriers. This presentation details preliminary results from new NREL analysis focused on quantifying the impact of deployment barriers on the wind resource of the United States, the installed cost of wind projects, and the total electric power system cost of a 20% wind energy future. In terms of impacts to wind project costs and developable land, preliminary findings suggest that deployment barriers are secondary to market drivers such as demand. Nevertheless, impacts to wind project costs are on the order of $100/kW and a substantial share of the potentially developable windy land in the United States is indeed affected by deployment barriers.

Lantz, E.; Tegen, S.; Hand, M.; Heimiller, D.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

All General Counsel Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, 2011 1, 2011 Comment On: DOE-HQ-2011-0014-0001 Reducing Regulatory Burden Comments on reducing regulatory burden. March 31, 2011 Regulatory Burden RFI Hearth & Home Technologies comments on Regulatory Burden RFI March 24, 2011 Comment On: DOE-HQ-2011-0014-0001 Reducing Regulatory Burden Hussmann manufacturer of commercial refrigeration products, appreciates the opportunity to comment on the Department of Energy's Request for Comments on the topic of the Regulatory Burden notice of published in the Federal Register on February 3, 2011. Our comments on several issues listed in the proposed RFI follow. March 23, 2011 O:\IM-20\E-Government Program Office\FDMS\FDMS database\DOE\2011\DOE-HQ-2011-0014 - Daniel Cohen - GC\Comments from FDMS\Charles W Adams DRAFT-0005.html

324

Maryland-National Capital Building Industry Association Regulatory...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

firms. Final Letter to DOE Regulatory Burden 972012.pdf More Documents & Publications Building America Best Practices Series Volume 16: 40% Whole-House Energy Savings in the...

325

The original of this document contains information which is subject...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

page number. 3 II. Regulatory Standard A. Individual's Burden A DOE administrative review proceeding under Part 710 is not a criminal matter, where the government has the...

326

DOE_05_18_2011.pdf | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules DOE EO 13563 January 2014 Update Report and Burden Reduction Efforts DOE Retrospective Review Plan Report May 2012...

327

Query | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Query Query Query Query1.pdf Query More Documents & Publications DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report July 29, 2013 DOE EO 13563 January 2014 Update Report...

328

Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

without significant time delays or administrative burden," Ms. Luna explained. While the Measurement and Verification reports encompass only the phase one ESCO projects with...

329

NREL: State and Local Governments - Renewable Fuel Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

blends of ethanol or alternative fuels. Adopting an implementation plan that can ease measurement and verification burdens and help ensure the target is met Avoiding trigger...

330

LCA and Responsible Innovation of Nanotechnology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a powerful framework for environmental decision making because the broad boundaries called for prevent shifting of burden from one life-cycle… (more)

Wender, Ben A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture-tolerant chemical-based methods...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Study Self-Cleaning Surfaces Industrial... > Burdens? Self-CleaningConventional 12;LCA Overview Compare self-cleaning surfaces to conventional ... Source: Collection:...

332

Analysis of statnamic load test data using a load shed distribution model.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the field of civil engineering, particularly structural foundations, low-cost options and time saving construction methods are important because both can be a burden on… (more)

Lowry, Sonia L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Inflammation and vascular dysfunction in acute ischaemic stroke.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??[Truncated abstract] The incidence of acute stroke is diminishing in Australia. However population ageing will lead to an increase in the overall burden of mortality… (more)

Beer, Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

PERFECT Stroke : PERFormance, Effectiveness, and Costs of treatment episodes in Stroke.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Stroke is a major cause of death and disability, incurs significant costs to healthcare systems, and inflicts severe burden to the whole society. Stroke care… (more)

Meretoja, Atte

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Evidence for high translational potential of mesenchymal stromal cell therapy to improve recovery from ischemic stroke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effects against experimental stroke model. Brain Res 2012;Mathers CD. Global variation in stroke burden and mortality:Long-term sequelae of stroke: how should you handle stroke

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

NOTICE OF OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET ACTION  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

to the resubmission of the collection to accurately assess the burden estimate for the new collection element added to this collection, a monthly count of smart meter installations...

337

Microsoft Word - OE Monthly Reporting Request OMB 83I Renewal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

e. Difference 13,248 f. Explanation of difference 1. Program change addition of meter counts 2. Adjustment feedback from recipients on burden impact 14. Annual reporting...

338

Machine Tool Design and Operation Strategies for Green Manufacturing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Demand of Precision Machine Tools, MS Thesis, Dept.Environmental Burden for Machine Tool Operation, JSME Int.of Downsized Design for Machine Tools on the Environmental

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Chapter 5 Airline Operating Costs and Measures of Productivity Learning Objectives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

personnel) Materials Purchased (fuel & oil, parts, passenger food, other materials) Services Purchased airframe and engine maintenance cost, plus "burden" or overhead (hangars and spare parts inventory

340

E-Print Network 3.0 - activated cell therapy Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cell burden reaches a threshold ... Source: Collection: Biology and Medicine 37 Barbara Wheeler, Ph.D., MT-BC Director of Music Therapy Summary: -site supervisor for music...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Deaf Health Care Access Michael McKee, MD,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interpreters, assistive listening devices, notetakers, etc.) Exceptions: Undue financial burden requires use of speech or listening Health information is often shared by talking or depends on hearing

Goldman, Steven A.

342

HIGH-TEMPEPATURE OXIDATION AND CORROSION OF MATERIALS PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

alkali-metal sulfate in coal-ash, or turbine-blade deposits.steam-raising tubes by the ash/coal/ calcium sulfate burden

Whittle, D.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Fireplace photo | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

photo Fireplace photo Photo of a fireplace. Fireplace photo More Documents & Publications .Hearth, Patio & Barbecue Association's Comments on DOE's Regulatory Burden RFI Department...

344

Randomized controlled trial of two telemedicine medication reminder systems for older adults with heart failure.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Over five million Americans suffer from heart failure (HF), and many poorly manage their disease resulting in high patient burden and costs due to hospitalization.… (more)

Goldstein, Carly Michelle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

E-Print Network 3.0 - ascaridoidea Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nematoda, Ascaridoidea) burden and host size in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua Source: Poulin, Robert - Department of Zoology, University of Otago Collection: Biology and Medicine...

346

Robley D. Evans, 1990 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

pioneering work in nuclear medicine, in measurements of body burdens of radioactivity and their effects on human health, and in the use of radioactive isotopes for medical purposes...

347

COGR\t\t\t\t\tCouncil on Governmental Relations | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reducing Regulatory Burden - EO 13563 Retrospective Review Regulatory and Financial Reform of Federal Research Policy: Recommendations to the NRC Committee on Research...

348

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute rheumatic fever Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, Victoria University, Wellington Acute rheumatic fever and its main sequela rheumatic heart disease comprise... Evaluation of a School Intervention to Reduce the Burden of...

349

The role of attitude and barriers on the implementation of a nutrition intervention in primary school children / Michelle Harris.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Background: South Africa is a multicultural, multi-ethnic developing country currently experiencing a unique quadruple burden of disease, of which malnutrition (both over- and under nutrition)… (more)

Harris, Michelle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Reaction of Plutonium(VI) with the Manganese-Substituted Iron Oxide Mineral Goethite.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??More than 60 years of nuclear power and weapons production in the United States has left this country with a large burden of radioactive legacy… (more)

Hu, Yung-Jin Hu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

AHRI Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Existing Rules Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) Regulatory Burden RFI A.O. Smith Corporation Response to Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of...

352

Slide06 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

* Surface Web * Deep Web databases Federated search drills down to the deep Web where scientific databases reside. Unlike the Google solution, federated search places no burden on...

353

Epigenetic Effects of Ethanol.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is prevalent and associated with significant mortality and socioeconomic costs globally. Despite the tremendous burden of AUD, mechanisms of alcohol (ethanol)… (more)

Finegersh, Andrey

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Compliance With Floodplain and Wetland Environmental Review Requirements (10 CFR Parts 1021 and 1022)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy (DOE) revised its floodplain and wetland environmental review requirements to add flexibility and remove unnecessary procedural burdens by simplifying DOE public...

355

Space-Variant Post-Filtering for Wavefront Curvature Correction in Polar-Formatted Spotlight-Mode SAR Imagery  

SciTech Connect

Wavefront curvature defocus effects occur in spotlight-mode SAR imagery when reconstructed via the well-known polar-formatting algorithm (PFA) under certain imaging scenarios. These include imaging at close range, using a very low radar center frequency, utilizing high resolution, and/or imaging very large scenes. Wavefront curvature effects arise from the unrealistic assumption of strictly planar wavefronts illuminating the imaged scene. This dissertation presents a method for the correction of wavefront curvature defocus effects under these scenarios, concentrating on the generalized: squint-mode imaging scenario and its computational aspects. This correction is accomplished through an efficient one-dimensional, image domain filter applied as a post-processing step to PF.4. This post-filter, referred to as SVPF, is precalculated from a theoretical derivation of the wavefront curvature effect and varies as a function of scene location. Prior to SVPF, severe restrictions were placed on the imaged scene size in order to avoid defocus effects under these scenarios when using PFA. The SVPF algorithm eliminates the need for scene size restrictions when wavefront curvature effects are present, correcting for wavefront curvature in broadside as well as squinted collection modes while imposing little additional computational penalty for squinted images. This dissertation covers the theoretical development, implementation and analysis of the generalized, squint-mode SVPF algorithm (of which broadside-mode is a special case) and provides examples of its capabilities and limitations as well as offering guidelines for maximizing its computational efficiency. Tradeoffs between the PFA/SVPF combination and other spotlight-mode SAR image formation techniques are discussed with regard to computational burden, image quality, and imaging geometry constraints. It is demonstrated that other methods fail to exhibit a clear computational advantage over polar-formatting in conjunction with SVPF. This research concludes that PFA in conjunction with SVPF provides a computationally efficient spotlight-mode image formation solution that solves the wavefront curvature problem for most standoff distances and patch sizes, regardless of squint, resolution or radar center frequency. Additional advantages are that SVPF is not iterative and has no dependence on the visual contents of the scene: resulting in a deterministic computational complexity which typically adds only thirty percent to the overall image formation time.

DOREN,NEALL E.

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Reduction of liver fructokinase expression and improved hepatic inflammation and metabolism in liquid fructose-fed rats after atorvastatin treatment  

SciTech Connect

Consumption of beverages that contain fructose favors the increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome alterations in humans, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Although the only effective treatment for NAFLD is caloric restriction and weight loss, existing data show that atorvastatin, a hydroxymethyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitor, can be used safely in patients with NAFLD and improves hepatic histology. To gain further insight into the molecular mechanisms of atorvastatin's therapeutic effect on NAFLD, we used an experimental model that mimics human consumption of fructose-sweetened beverages. Control, fructose (10% w/v solution) and fructose + atorvastatin (30 mg/kg/day) Sprague-Dawley rats were sacrificed after 14 days. Plasma and liver tissue samples were obtained to determine plasma analytes, liver histology, and the expression of liver proteins that are related to fatty acid synthesis and catabolism, and inflammatory processes. Fructose supplementation induced hypertriglyceridemia and hyperleptinemia, hepatic steatosis and necroinflammation, increased the expression of genes related to fatty acid synthesis and decreased fatty acid {beta}-oxidation activity. Atorvastatin treatment completely abolished histological signs of necroinflammation, reducing the hepatic expression of metallothionein-1 and nuclear factor kappa B binding. Furthermore, atorvastatin reduced plasma (x 0.74) and liver triglyceride (x 0.62) concentrations, decreased the liver expression of carbohydrate response element binding protein transcription factor (x0.45) and its target genes, and increased the hepatic activity of the fatty acid {beta}-oxidation system (x 1.15). These effects may be related to the fact that atorvastatin decreased the expression of fructokinase (x 0.6) in livers of fructose-supplemented rats, reducing the metabolic burden on the liver that is imposed by continuous fructose ingestion. - Graphical Abstract: Display Omitted Research Highlights: >Fructose administration as a liquid solution to Sprague-Dawley male rats induced hypertriglyceridemia, hyperleptinemia, hepatic steatosis and necroinflammation. >Atorvastatin administration: >Abolished histological sings of necroinflammation and reduced plasma and liver triglyceride concentrations. >Reduced the expression of phospho-I{kappa}B >Reduced the expression of fructokinase, a key enzyme controlling fructose metabolism

Vila, Laia; Rebollo, Alba; Adalsteisson, Gunnar S. [Pharmacology Unit, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutic Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain); Alegret, Marta; Merlos, Manuel; Roglans, Nuria [Pharmacology Unit, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutic Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain); IBUB - Institute of Biomedicine, University of Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain); CIBERobn (Center for Biomedical Investigation Network in Obesity and Nutrition Physiopathology) (Spain); Laguna, Juan C., E-mail: jclagunae@ub.edu [Pharmacology Unit, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutic Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain); IBUB -Institute of Biomedicine, University of Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain); CIBERobn (Center for Biomedical Investigation Network in Obesity and Nutrition Physiopathology) (Spain)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

Assessment of potential life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission effects from using corn-based butanol as a transportation fuel.  

SciTech Connect

Since advances in the ABE (acetone-butanol-ethanol) fermentation process in recent years have led to significant increases in its productivity and yields, the production of butanol and its use in motor vehicles have become an option worth evaluating. This study estimates the potential life-cycle energy and emission effects associated with using bio-butanol as a transportation fuel. It employs a well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis tool: the Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model. The estimates of life-cycle energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are based on an Aspen Plus(reg. sign) simulation for a corn-to-butanol production process, which describes grain processing, fermentation, and product separation. Bio-butanol-related WTW activities include corn farming, corn transportation, butanol production, butanol transportation, and vehicle operation. In this study, we also analyzed the bio-acetone that is coproduced with bio-butanol as an alternative to petroleum-based acetone. We then compared the results for bio-butanol with those of conventional gasoline. Our study shows that driving vehicles fueled with corn-based butanol produced by the current ABE fermentation process could result in substantial fossil energy savings (39%-56%) and avoid large percentage of the GHG emission burden, yielding a 32%-48% reduction relative to using conventional gasoline. On energy basis, a bushel of corn produces less liquid fuel from the ABE process than that from the corn ethanol dry mill process. The coproduction of a significant portion of acetone from the current ABE fermentation presents a challenge. A market analysis of acetone, as well as research and development on robust alternative technologies and processes that minimize acetone while increase the butanol yield, should be conducted.

Wu, M.; Wang, M.; Liu, J.; Huo, H.; Energy Systems

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Prospective Evaluation of Pretreatment Executive Cognitive Impairment and Depression in Patients Referred for Radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Cancer patients are at risk of cognitive impairment and depression. We sought to ascertain the prevalence of executive, visuospatial, memory, and general cognitive performance deficits before radiotherapy in a radiation oncology clinic referral population and correlate the neurocognitive measures with the depression symptom burden. Methods and Materials: A total of 122 sequential patients referred for radiotherapy evaluation were administered a test battery composed of the Executive Interview (EXIT25), Executive Clock Drawing Task (CLOX1 and CLOX2), Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Memory Impairment Screen (MIS), and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). The mean age {+-} standard deviation was 58 {+-} 17 years. Of 122 patients, 24 (20%) had been referred for breast cancer, 21 (17%) for gastrointestinal cancer, 17 (14%) for genitourinary disease, and 8 (7%) for brain lesions; the rest were a variety of tumor sites. The cognitive performance among the tumor cohorts was compared using Bonferroni-corrected analysis of variance and Tukey-Kramer tests. Pearson correlation coefficients were determined between each cognitive instrument and the GDS. Results: Of the 122 patients, 52 (43%) exhibited a detectable executive cognition decrement on one or more test measures. Five percent had poor memory performance (MIS), 18% had poor visuospatial performance (CLOX2), and 13% had poor global cognition (MMSE). Patients with brain tumors performed substantially worse on the EXIT25. No between-group differences were found for CLOX1, CLOX2, MIS, or GDS performance. The EXIT25 scores correlated significantly with the GDS scores (r = 0.26, p = 0.005). Conclusions: The results of this study have shown that patients referred for radiotherapy exhibit cognitive impairment profiles comparable to those observed in acutely ill medical inpatients. Executive control impairment appears more prevalent than global cognitive deficits, visuospatial impairment, or depression.

Fuller, Clifton D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX (United States); Graduate Division of Radiological Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX (United States); Department of Radiation Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR (United States)], E-mail: fullercd@uthscsa.edu; Schillerstrom, Jason E. [Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX (United States); Jones, William E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX (United States); Boersma, Melissa [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX (United States); Radiation Oncology Consultants, Tulsa, OK (United States); Royall, Donald R. [Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX (United States); Fuss, Martin [Department of Radiation Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR (United States)

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Biological effects of radiation from dental radiography. Council on Dental Materials, Instruments, and Equipment  

SciTech Connect

Clearly, there is ample evidence of adverse effects of radiation in sufficient doses. There is at present no proof of such effects from doses commonly employed in dental practice; however, it has not been possible to prove the absence of such effects. Most experts now agree that there may be a small, difficult to quantify risk of cancer or genetic mutation from diagnostic exposure in patients and in personnel exposed during work. Prudence dictates acceptance of this position until proof to the contrary is available. This report has presented recent attempts to quantify the risk to patients based on speculative calculations and extrapolations. Indices of population risks indicate that medical radiology is the largest source of human-made genetic and leukemogenic radiation burden to the American public. Dental radiology contributes a small-but not necessarily insignificant-portion. Of major concern is the increasing use of radiation for diagnostic purposes in both medicine and dentistry. Technological advances have reduced exposure per examination; presumably this trend will continue so that total exposure of populations to radiation in the healing arts will not increase. Recent analyses suggest that the cancer risk to a patient from a dental radiographic examination is of the order of one in a million; the genetic risk is substantially less, about one in a billion. The risks appear to be essentially equal for full-mouth intraoral and for panoramic examinations. These estimates are numerically quite small, but the effects are severe. Thus, these risks cannot be ignored. However, we currently accept risks of similar magnitude in our daily lives (Table 9)50,51 In addition, the risk of failure to make an accurate diagnosis may be greater than the risk from exposure to the radiation from a justified and properly conducted radiographic examination.

Gibbs, S.J.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Turkey energy and environmental review - Task 7 energy sector modeling : executive summary.  

SciTech Connect

Turkey's demand for energy and electricity is increasing rapidly. Since 1990, energy consumption has increased at an annual average rate of 4.3%. As would be expected, the rapid expansion of energy production and consumption has brought with it a wide range of environmental issues at the local, regional and global levels. With respect to global environmental issues, Turkey's carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have grown along with its energy consumption. Emissions in 2000 reached 211 million metric tons. With GDP projected to grow at over 6% per year over the next 25 years, both the energy sector and the pollution associated with it are expected to increase substantially. This is expected to occur even if assuming stricter controls on lignite and hard coal-fired power generation. All energy consuming sectors, that is, power, industrial, residential, and transportation, will contribute to this increased emissions burden. Turkish Government authorities charged with managing the fundamental problem of carrying on economic development while protecting the environment include the Ministry of Environment (MOE), the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR), and the Ministry of Health, as well as the Turkish Electricity Generation & Transmission Company (TEAS). The World Bank, working with these agencies, is planning to assess the costs and benefits of various energy policy alternatives under an Energy and Environment Review (EER). Eight individual studies have been conducted under this activity to analyze certain key energy technology issues and use this analysis to fill in the gaps in data and technical information. This will allow the World Bank and Turkish authorities to better understand the trade-offs in costs and impacts associated with specific policy decisions. The purpose of Task 7-Energy Sector Modeling, is to integrate information obtained in other EER tasks and provide Turkey's policy makers with an integrated systems analysis of the various options for addressing the various energy and environmental concerns. The work presented in this report builds on earlier analyses presented at the COP 6 conference in Bonn.

Conzelmann, G.; Koritarov, V.; Decision and Information Sciences

2008-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Actinide burning in the integral fast reactor  

SciTech Connect

During the past few years, Argonne National Laboratory has been developing the integral fast reactor (IFR), an advanced liquid-metal reactor concept. In the IFR, the inherent properties of liquid-metal cooling are combined with a new metallic fuel and a radically different refining process to allow breakthroughs in passive safety, fuel cycle economics, and waste management. A key feature of the IFR concept is its unique pyroprocessing. Pyroprocessing has the potential to radically improve long-term waste management strategies by exploiting the following attributes: 1. Minor actinides accompany plutonium product stream; therefore, actinide recycling occurs naturally. Actinides, the primary source of long-term radiological toxicity, are removed from the waste stream and returned to the reactor for in situ burning, generating useful energy. 2. High-level waste volume from pyroprocessing call be reduced substantially as compared with direct disposal of spent fuel. 3. Decay heat loading in the repository can be reduced by a large factor, especially for the long-term burden. 4. Low-level waste generation is minimal. 5. Troublesome fission products, such as [sup 99]Tc, [sup 129]I, and [sup 14]C, are contained and immobilized. Singly or in combination, the foregoing attributes provide important improvements in long-term waste management in terms of the ease in meeting technical performance requirements (perhaps even the feasibility of demonstrating that technical performance requirements can be met) and perhaps also in ultimate public acceptance. Actinide recycling, if successfully developed, could well help the current repository program by providing an opportunity to enhance capacity utilization and by deferring the need for future repositories. It also represents a viable technical backup option in the event unforeseen difficulties arise in the repository licensing process.

Chang, Y.I. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Living Polymers: A Tool in Studies of Ions and Ion-Pairs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...a loose ion-pair was demonstrated by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (30...service or performs an old task with reduced cost. The burden of this article is to indicate...for system use because of high initial cost, short operating lifetime, and burden-some...

M. Szwarc

1970-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

363

Notices TABLE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 Federal Register 7 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 160 / Thursday, August 18, 2011 / Notices TABLE 2-NET BURDEN CHANGE-Continued 2011-2012 2012-2013 Change % Change Burden disposition Total Applicants .................................... 23,611,500 24,705,864 +1,094,364 +4.63 Net decrease in burden. The increase in applicants is offset by the results of the Department's simplification changes. This has created an over- all decrease in burden of 8.94% or 2,881,475 hours. Total Applicant Burden ......................... 32,239,328 29,357,853 ¥2,881,475 ¥8.94 Total Annual Responses ....................... 32,239,328 46,447,024 +14,207,696 +44.07 Cost for All Applicants .......................... $159,370.20 $234,804.24 $75,434.04 +47.33 The Department is proud that efforts to simplify the FAFSA submission

364

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

tax is imposed on the use of alternative fuels. Alternative fuels include liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or propane), compressed natural gas (CNG), and liquefied natural gas (LNG)....

365

Women's Reproductive Health Rights: The Rule of Law and Public Health Considerations in Repealing the Criminal Laws on Abortion in the Republic Suriname.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Within the Surinamese jurisdiction the Constitution grants women the right to health and imposes a legal duty on the state to facilitate the realization of… (more)

Castelen, Milton Andy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Adaptive Test Cost and Quality Optimization Through An Effective Yet Efficient Delivery of Chip Specific Tests.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The higher levels of integration and process scaling imposes failure behaviors which are challenging to interpret, necessitating the continuous augmentation of fault models and test… (more)

Arslan, Baris

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Growth Strategies in the Telecommunications Industry - A Case Study of MTN Operations in Emerging Markets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work endeavours to study deliberate as well as the emergent constituents of strategy making and implementation process within the telecommunications industry. Strategy when imposed… (more)

Quarshie, Dave

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Download Full-text PDF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

should impose unique metabolic costs and resource trade- ... Indeed, the energetic costs associated ..... nuclear-encoded form II RubisCO in dinoflagellates.

2000-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

369

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Tax Compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) are subject to excise tax imposed on a per gallon basis as...

370

A Search for the Standard Model Higgs Boson Produced in Association with Top Quarks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We have performed a search for the Standard Model Higgs boson produced in association with top quarks in the lepton plus jets channel. We impose… (more)

Wilson, Jonathan S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Procedures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Procedures A NSSAB outreach display is available for community events The Nevada Site Specific Advisory Board (NSSAB) abides by a variety of federal and self-imposed procedures....

372

Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that liberalize energy markets, thereby protecting them frombuying into their energy markets. In 2006, Gazprom backedto liberalize Russia’s energy markets and impose Sergei

Krickovic, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

E-Print Network 3.0 - administrative sponsor society Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or administration Sponsor imposes... , Interim V-P (Administration) Mo Elbestawi, V-P (Research and International Affairs) John Kelton, Dean & V... , Provincial, Private Sector...

374

Nevada Test Site Environmental Report 2007  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

the category of Nonmetallic Mineral Processing Plants. Some of the bulk fuel storage tanks constructed after July 1984 must also comply with NSPS requirements. The NSPS impose...

375

Microsoft Word - 1-Cover DisclaimerTitle Blue Final.doc  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

the category of Nonmetallic Mineral Processing Plants. Some of the bulk fuel storage tanks constructed after July 1984 must also comply with NSPS requirements. The NSPS imposes...

376

Usage Policies for Decentralised Information Processing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Owners impose usage restrictions on their information, which can be based e.g. on privacy laws, copyright law or social conventions. Often, information is processed in… (more)

Speiser, Sebastian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Exact algorithms for the Traveling Salesman Problem with Draft Limits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 25, 2013 ... In this recently proposed problem, draft limits are imposed due to restrictions on the port infrastructures. Exact algorithms based on three ...

Maria Battarra

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

378

Trading pollution for water quality : assessing the effects of market-based instruments in three basins .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Since its passage in 1972, the majority of pollution reduction under the federal Clean Water Act has resulted from technology-based limits imposed on point source… (more)

Wallace, Katherine Hay

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Understanding the Rand Commitment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

impose a forward-looking royalty that would not take intoaccurately represented by the royalty the parties would havethey commit to a specific royalty structure. When Al Gore

Lichtman, Douglas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

ANALYSIS OF THE PERFORMANCE AND COST EFFECTIVENESS OF NINE SMALL WIND ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEMS FUNDED BY THE DOE SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a 3-phase, 3-wire induction generator Operating with anInternational. induction generator imposes a constantBatteries Capacitors Induction generator Expected annual kWh

Kay, J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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381

PDF file  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experimental controls: the Deborah number (De), or normalized imposed shear rate; and physical plate anchoring conditions on the rod ensemble. Our results ...

SIAM (#1) 1035 2001 Apr 10 12:32:38

2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

382

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropy instability thresholds Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Materials Science ; Physics 4 WindSWE observations of firehose constraint on solar wind proton temperature anisotropy Summary: firehose instability impose a constraint...

383

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

fine is imposed, has the same fine structure as a parking violation, provides for the safety of law enforcement personnel enforcing the ordinance, and specifies that the ordinance...

384

Well-posedness for Lexicographic Vector Equilibrium Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

amples 2–5 again show that assumptions (a)–(c) imposed in Theorem 3 (ii) are es- sential. .... Klein, E., Thompson, A.C.: Theory of Correspondences.

2013-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

385

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative fuels program Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Air quality: alternative fuels. Existing law imposes various limitations... the use of alternative fuels, as ... Source: California Energy Commission Collection: Energy Storage,...

386

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative fuel program Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Air quality: alternative fuels. Existing law imposes various limitations... the use of alternative fuels, as ... Source: California Energy Commission Collection: Energy Storage,...

387

Y73, 004PD, B&W Y-12 10 CFR Part 851 Worker Safety and Health...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A statement explaining the reasoning behind any remedy. Final Order means an order of DOE that represents final agency action and, if appropriate, imposes a remedy with which...

388

Use of X-Ray Diffraction to Identify and Quantify Soil Swelling Potential.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Expansive soils impose challenges on the design, maintenance and long-term stability of many engineered infrastructure. These soils are composed of different clay minerals that are… (more)

Shafer, Zachery

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Compatibilités et incompatibilités liants cimentaires / superplastifiants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Currently required concrete strength imposes a lower water/cement ratio and use of superplasticizer to make easier the fresh material implementation. Polycarboxylate type products are very… (more)

Nicolas, Edwige

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Tensor Principal Component Analysis via Convex Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 9, 2012 ... optimization under a rank-one constraint, for which we propose two solution methods: (1) imposing a nuclear norm penalty in the objective to ...

2012-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

391

Teapots.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The intention of this thesis project was to begin an investigation of three dimensional form using the parameters that the utilitarian teapot imposes. Fifteen teapots… (more)

Mckenney, Frank

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Biological implications of surf-zone flow complexity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In intertidal regions of rocky shores, forces imposed by breaking waves may ..... flat, photocopying them, and comparing the weight of their paper silhouettes to ...

2000-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

393

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants submittal Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RECOVERY Summary: limitations have been formulated for certain well-defined sources of air pollution. Likewise, state and local... air pollution control agencies have imposed...

394

DOI-BLM-CA-017-05-051 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

imposed MPLP would comply with any requirements prescribed by the Great Basin Unified Air Pollution Control District (GBUAPCD) concerning emissions of air pollutants from...

395

E-Print Network 3.0 - abdominal meridian massage Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of - Department of Mathematical Sciences Collection: Mathematics 27 The new Health Care Reform bill, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), imposes new...

396

E-Print Network 3.0 - anti-thyroid drugs surgery Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Mathematics, Lafayette College Collection: Mathematics 91 The new Health Care Reform bill, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), imposes new...

397

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting anatomical region Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Effect on Lesion Detectability of Proximity to Anatomical Boundaries in Emission Tomography Summary: -CT study 3 showed that imposing anatomical boundary information on small...

398

E-Print Network 3.0 - apertures ii theoretical Sample Search...  

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IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 39, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2001 291 Image Reconstruction and Enhanced Resolution Summary: imposed by the aperture function nulls...

399

Housing Finance Arrangements, Wealth Positioning and Housing Consumption in Japan: An Analysis of Built-for-sale Homeowners  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Home purchase is financed through equity and debt. Housing finance arrangements require initial downpayments and impose monthly repayments. Similar to many countries, Japanese households accumulate savings out...

Piyush Tiwari; Edwin Deutsch; Yoko Moriizumi

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

First Principles Study of the Li[subscript 10]GeP[subscript 2]S[subscript 12] Lithium Super Ionic Conductor Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The continued drive for high performance lithium batteries has imposed stricter requirements on the electrolyte materials. Solid electrolytes comprising lithium super ionic conductor materials exhibit good safety and ...

Mo, Yifei

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401

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

statistical properties of several cumulus cloud scenes created by a large eddy simulation model. Progressively greater degrees of tilt and stretching were imposed on these...

402

Oil Overcharge Refund Cases 1997 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 Oil Overcharge Refund Cases 1997 During the period 1973 through 1981, the Federal government imposed price and allocation controls of crude oil and refined petroleum products,...

403

Epigenetic influences of low-dose bisphenol A in primary human breast epithelial cells  

SciTech Connect

Substantial evidence indicates that exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) during early development may increase breast cancer risk later in life. The changes may persist into puberty and adulthood, suggesting an epigenetic process being imposed in differentiated breast epithelial cells. The molecular mechanisms by which early memory of BPA exposure is imprinted in breast progenitor cells and then passed onto their epithelial progeny are not well understood. The aim of this study was to examine epigenetic changes in breast epithelial cells treated with low-dose BPA. We also investigated the effect of BPA on the ER{alpha} signaling pathway and global gene expression profiles. Compared to control cells, nuclear internalization of ER{alpha} was observed in epithelial cells preexposed to BPA. We identified 170 genes with similar expression changes in response to BPA. Functional analysis confirms that gene suppression was mediated in part through an ER{alpha}-dependent pathway. As a result of exposure to BPA or other estrogen-like chemicals, the expression of lysosomal-associated membrane protein 3 (LAMP3) became epigenetically silenced in breast epithelial cells. Furthermore, increased DNA methylation in the LAMP3 CpG island was this repressive mark preferentially occurred in ER{alpha}-positive breast tumors. These results suggest that the in vitro system developed in our laboratory is a valuable tool for exposure studies of BPA and other xenoestrogens in human cells. Individual and geographical differences may contribute to altered patterns of gene expression and DNA methylation in susceptible loci. Combination of our exposure model with epigenetic analysis and other biochemical assays can give insight into the heritable effect of low-dose BPA in human cells.

Weng, Yu-I; Hsu, Pei-Yin; Liyanarachchi, Sandya; Liu, Joseph; Deatherage, Daniel E.; Huang Yiwen; Zuo Tao; Rodriguez, Benjamin [Human Cancer Genetics Program, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Lin, Ching-Hung; Cheng, Ann-Lii [Department of Internal Medicine and Oncology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Huang, Tim H.-M., E-mail: Tim.Huang@osumc.ed [Human Cancer Genetics Program, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

404

Basin scale assessment of gas hydrate dissociation in response to climate change  

SciTech Connect

Paleooceanographic evidence has been used to postulate that methane from oceanic hydrates may have had a significant role in regulating climate. However, the behavior of contemporary oceanic methane hydrate deposits subjected to rapid temperature changes, like those now occurring in the arctic and those predicted under future climate change scenarios, has only recently been investigated. Field investigations have discovered substantial methane gas plumes exiting the seafloor along the Arctic Ocean margin, and the plumes appear at depths corresponding to the upper limit of a receding gas hydrate stability zone. It has been suggested that these plumes may be the first visible signs of the dissociation of shallow hydrate deposits due to ongoing climate change in the arctic. We simulate the release of methane from oceanic deposits, including the effects of fully-coupled heat transfer, fluid flow, hydrate dissociation, and other thermodynamic processes, for systems representative of segments of the Arctic Ocean margins. The modeling encompasses a range of shallow hydrate deposits from the landward limit of the hydrate stability zone down to water depths beyond the expected range of century-scale temperature changes. We impose temperature changes corresponding to predicted rates of climate change-related ocean warming and examine the possibility of hydrate dissociation and the release of methane. The assessment is performed at local-, regional-, and basin-scales. The simulation results are consistent with the hypothesis that dissociating shallow hydrates alone can result in significant methane fluxes at the seafloor. However, the methane release is likely to be confined to a narrow region of high dissociation susceptibility, defined by depth and temperature, and that any release will be continuous and controlled, rather than explosive. This modeling also establishes the first realistic bounds for methane release along the arctic continental shelf for potential hydrate dissociation scenarios, and ongoing work may help confirm whether climate change is already impacting the stability of the vast oceanic hydrate reservoir.

Reagan, M.; Moridis, G.; Elliott, S.; Maltrud, M.; Cameron-Smith, P.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Recovery Act: Brea California Combined Cycle Electric Generating Plant Fueled by Waste Landfill Gas  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of the Project was to maximize the productive use of the substantial quantities of waste landfill gas generated and collected at the Olinda Landfill near Brea, California. An extensive analysis was conducted and it was determined that utilization of the waste gas for power generation in a combustion turbine combined cycle facility was the highest and best use. The resulting Project reflected a cost effective balance of the following specific sub-objectives: • Meeting the environmental and regulatory requirements, particularly the compliance obligations imposed on the landfill to collect, process and destroy landfill gas • Utilizing proven and reliable technology and equipment • Maximizing electrical efficiency • Maximizing electric generating capacity, consistent with the anticipated quantities of landfill gas generated and collected at the Olinda Landfill • Maximizing equipment uptime • Minimizing water consumption • Minimizing post-combustion emissions • The Project produced and will produce a myriad of beneficial impacts. o The Project created 360 FTE construction and manufacturing jobs and 15 FTE permanent jobs associated with the operation and maintenance of the plant and equipment. o By combining state-of-the-art gas clean up systems with post combustion emissions control systems, the Project established new national standards for best available control technology (BACT). o The Project will annually produce 280,320 MWh’s of clean energy o By destroying the methane in the landfill gas, the Project will generate CO2 equivalent reductions of 164,938 tons annually. The completed facility produces 27.4 MWnet and operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Galowitz, Stephen

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

406

Stigma models: Testing hypotheses of how images of Nevada are acquired and values are attached to them  

SciTech Connect

This report analyzes data from surveys on the effects that images associated with nuclear power and waste (i.e., nuclear images) have on people`s preference to vacation in Nevada. The analysis was stimulated by a model of imagery and stigma which assumes that information about a potentially hazardous facility generates signals that elicit negative images about the place in which it is located. Individuals give these images negative values (valences) that lessen their desire to vacation, relocate, or retire in that place. The model has been used to argue that the proposed Yucca Mountain high-level nuclear waste repository could elicit images of nuclear waste that would stigmatize Nevada and thus impose substantial economic losses there. This report proposes a revised model that assumes that the acquisition and valuation of images depend on individuals` ideological and cultural predispositions and that the ways in which new images will affect their preferences and behavior partly depend on these predispositions. The report tests these hypotheses: (1) individuals with distinct cultural and ideological predispositions have different propensities for acquiring nuclear images, (2) these people attach different valences to these images, (3) the variations in these valences are important, and (4) the valences of the different categories of images within an individual`s image sets for a place correlate very well. The analysis largely confirms these hypotheses, indicating that the stigma model should be revised to (1) consider the relevant ideological and cultural predispositions of the people who will potentially acquire and attach value to the image, (2) specify the kinds of images that previously attracted people to the host state, and (3) consider interactions between the old and potential new images of the place. 37 refs., 18 figs., 17 tabs.

Jenkins-Smith, H.C. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Nonlinear Pricing in Energy and Environmental Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

range of private marginal costs of electricity, averagecost of electricity is substantially higher than the privatecost of electricity is substantially higher than the private

Ito, Koichiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

THIN LIQUID WALL BEHAVIOR UNDER IFE CYCLIC OPERATION A. R. Raffray  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the requirements imposed by the driver and target thermal and injection control. I. INTRODUCTION A wetted wall relative to the requirements imposed by the driver and target thermal and injection control. In determining of thin liquid film protection systems with either radial injection through a porous first wall (hereafter

Najmabadi, Farrokh

409

Modeling bubbles and droplets in magnetic fluids Mark S. Korlie, Arup Mukherjee, Bogdan G. Nita, John G.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and linear magnetic material are assumed and uniform imposed magnetic fields are considered, although of vertical fields, due to a combination of elongation along the field lines and the fluid dynamics. In both cases, #12;Modeling bubbles and droplets in magnetic fluids 2 an imposed magnetic field, even

Yecko, Philip

410

arXiv:hep-ph/9806331v110Jun1998 SCIPP 98/10  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

arXiv:hep-ph/9806331v110Jun1998 SCIPP 98/10 March 1998 hep-ph/9806331 Probing the MSSM Higgs Sector at tree-level in terms of two Higgs sector parameters. This structure arises due to constraints imposed parameters introduced above are real. Supersymmetry imposes the fol- lowing constraints on the tree

California at Santa Cruz, University of

411

Design and Verification of Instantiable Compliance Rule Graphs in Process-Aware  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

against imposed compliance rules. Tab. 1 summarizes quality compliance rules imposed on the software. Nevertheless, for quality assurance, it could be desired to verify c2 over the development process. ThusDesign and Verification of Instantiable Compliance Rule Graphs in Process-Aware Information Systems

Pfeifer, Holger

412

D4600.5  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5# 5# U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OMB Control No. (01-93) FEDERAL ASSISTANCE MANAGEMENT SUMMARY REPORT 1910-0400 Replaces EIA-459E Page ____ of ____ All Other Editions Are Obsolete OMB Burden Disclosure Statement Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 3.38 hours per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Office of Information Resources Management, AD-244 - GTN, Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-0400), U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20585; and to the Office

413

DOE F 1324.10  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 0 (06-96) 2. 1. OMB Control No. 1910-1700 DOE Contractor U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY RECORDS INVENTORY AND DISPOSITION SCHEDULE (RIDS) OMB Burden Disclosure Statement Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1-1/2 hours per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Office of Information Management, Records Management Team, HR-424, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20874-1290; and to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-1700), Washington, DC 20503.

414

DOE F 5639.3  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5639.3 5639.3 (12-93) (Formerly DOE F 5630.13) All Other Editions Are Obsolete OMB Control No. 1910-1800 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REPORT OF SECURITY INCIDENT/INFRACTION OMB BURDEN DISCLOSURE STATEMENT Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 25 minutes per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Office of Information Resources Management Policy, Plans, and Oversight, Records Management Division, HR-422 - GTN, Paperwork Reduction

415

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

87 87 Federal Register / Vol. 61, No. 173 / Thursday, September 5, 1996 / Notices of burden accurate, (4) how might the Department enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected, and (5) how might the Department minimize the burden of this collection on the respondents, including through the use of information technology. Dated: August 29, 1996. Gloria Parker, Director, Information Resources Group. Office of Elementary and Secondary Education Type of Review: New. Title: Guidance on the Goals 2000 Amendments (Draft). Frequency: One-time submission. Affected Public: State, local or Tribal Gov't, SEAs or LEAs. Reporting and Recordkeeping Hour Burden: Responses: 30 Burden Hours: 3,000 Abstract: The Omnibus Consolidated Rescissions and Appropriations Act of

416

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 - 5720 of 31,917 results. 11 - 5720 of 31,917 results. Download DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report- December 18, 2012 DOE EO 13563 December 2012 Update Report and Burden Reduction Efforts http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/doe-retrospective-review-plan-and-burden-reduction-report-december-18-2012 Download DOE 13563 and ICR Report DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report, January 14, 2013 http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/doe-13563-and-icr-report Download EIS-0200: Record of Decision (August 1998) Department of Energy's Waste Management Program: Treatment of Non-wastewater Hazardous Waste (August 1998) http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0200-record-decision-august-1998 Page America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge The America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge, a part of the Startup

417

U.S. Department of Energy Personal Property Loan Agreement  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

DOE F 4420.2 DOE F 4420.2 OMB Control No. (10/92) U.S. Department of Energy 1910-1000 All Other Editions are Obsolete Personal Property Loan Agreement OMB Burden Disclosure Statement Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 30 minutes per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding the burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Office of Information Resources Management, AD-241.2 - GTN. Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-1000), U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20585; and to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB),

418

Previously DOE F 5635.11 All Other Editions Are Obsolete OMB Control No.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9.2 9.2 (08-93) Previously DOE F 5635.11 All Other Editions Are Obsolete OMB Control No. 1910-1800 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REPORTING UNACCOUNTED FOR DOCUMENTS OMB Burden Disclosure Statement Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 24.3 hours per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Office of Information Resources Management Policy, Plans, and Oversight, AD-244 - GTN, Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-1800), U.S. Department of Energy, 1000

419

DOE F  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

420.2 420.2 All Other Editions Are Obsolete OMB Burden Disclosure Statement Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 30 minutes per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Records Management Division, IM-11 GTN, Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-1000), U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20585; and to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-1000), Washington, DC 20503. U.S. Department of Energy Personal Property Loan Agreement DOE-PMR 109-1.5103 1. CONTROL

420

Legal Psychiatry in Quebec  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The world of medicine and the world of law come together within legal psychiatry. Each field is distinct from the other, and each brings with it a long and independent tradition. Both are equally over-burdened...

Lionel Béliveau

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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421

Combined TL and 10B-alanine ESR dosimetry for BNCT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Mijnheer, B. J. Determination of dose components...neutron beam for boron neutron capture...Validation Studies | 0 Isotopes 7440-42-8 Boron | Body Burden...radiation effects Boron Neutron Capture...therapeutic use Humans Isotopes radiation effects......

A. Bartolotta; M. C. D'Oca; B. Lo Giudice; M. Brai; R. Borio; N. Forini; P. Salvadori; S. Manera

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Leishmaniasis transmission: distribution and coarse-resolution ecology of two vectors and two parasites in Egypt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: In past decades, leishmaniasis burden has been low across Egypt; however, changing environment and land use has placed several parts of the country at risk. As a consequence, leishmaniasis has become a particularly difficult health...

Samy, Abdallah Mohammed; Campbell, Lindsay P.; Peterson, A. Townsend

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Transforming trash: reuse as a waste management and climate change mitigation strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

air pollution control technologies emit a variety of pollutants,air pollutants produced represent a burden. Modern incinerators are equipped with pollution controlspollutants formed during combustion, a number of air pollution controls

Vergara, Sintana Eugenia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Economic Implications of Hip Fracture: Health Service Use, Institutional Care and Cost in Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...As the burden of illness associated with hip fracture extends beyond the initial hospitalization, a longitudinal 1 year cohort study was used to analyze levels of health service use, institutional care and the...

M. E. Wiktorowicz; R. Goeree; A. Papaioannou; J. D. Adachi…

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Observing and Modeling Earth's Energy Flows Bjorn Stevens Stephen E. Schwartz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The measurements show that the principal limitation in the estimate of secular trends now lies in the natural, with changing greenhouse gas concentrations, or aerosol burdens), limits accurate deter- mination

Homes, Christopher C.

426

Antimicrobial Resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae in the 21st Century: Past, Evolution, and Future  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...requires significant political will and funding as well as an investment in laboratory infrastructure...clinicians and on political levels; the latter...burdens in high-risk, frequently transmitting...and for sufficient political will and funding...

Magnus Unemo; William M. Shafer

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Reforming Science: Structural Reforms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...burden resulting from the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability...investment in science. The political dialogue over research funding...as experts from across the political spectrum agree that more scientists...enhance cooperation, allow risk taking, reduce funding pressures...

Ferric C. Fang; Arturo Casadevall

2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

428

Assessment of the appropriateness and market opportunity of a point-of-care diagnostic solution for hepatitis C in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hepatitis C (HCV) is the most common bloodborne infection in the United States. Although the incidence of HCV is declining, the burden of the disease is rising, driven by the increasing rates of end-stage liver disease and ...

Rocker, Charlotte (Charlotte Amanda Lucy)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Carbon Monoxide Toxicity after Lighting Coals at a Hookah Bar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unintentional non-fire-related (UNFR) carbon monoxide (CO) poisonings continue to account for a significant health and economic burden in the United States. While most of these poisonings are related to faulty...

Ryan Misek; Christine Patte

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Changing concentrations of CO, CH4, C5H8, CH3Br, CH3I, and dimethyl sulfide during the Southern Ocean Iron Enrichment Experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...important sink for atmospheric CH 3 Br, a result...half of the atmospheric organobromine burden...delay the recovery of stratospheric...from ocean waters is a major source of cloud condensation nuclei...above the atmospheric boundary layer...

Oliver W. Wingenter; Karl B. Haase; Peter Strutton; Gernot Friederich; Simone Meinardi; Donald R. Blake; F. Sherwood Rowland

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Instruments and Methods New technique for access-borehole drilling in shelf glaciers using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is penetration through hours for penetration through 200 m of ice, (2) installation of sensors up to 120 mm in diameter and (3 require lightweight, rapid-rate drilling equipment and a low logistical burden. A small drilling team

Howat, Ian M.

432

DOE Retrospective Review Plan Report May 2012 | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report May 2012 DOE Retrospective Review Plan Report May 2012 May2012 ReportDOE525.pdf More Documents & Publications DOE EO 13563 January 2014 Update Report and Burden...

433

DOE 13563 and ICR Report | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3563 and ICR Report DOE 13563 and ICR Report DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report, January 14, 2013 DOE 13563 and ICR Report 21513 FINAL.pdf More Documents &...

434

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT (LCA)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to the , is defined as (SETAC, 1991) “An objective process to evaluate the environmental burdens associated with a product, process or activity by identifying and quantifying energy and materials use...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Hyperuricemia and cardiovascular risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is an increasing prevalence of gout and hyperuricemia worldwide. Gout confers a significant individual and social burden ... disease state requiring appropriate long-term management. Gout and hyperuricemia ...

Davide Grassi; Giovambattista Desideri…

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Enzymatic Grafting of Peptides from Casein Hydrolysate to Chitosan. Potential for Value-Added Byproducts from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-3). The conventional approach to lessening such burdens is to institute better waste-management practices (e.g. composting or activated sludge treatments). These concerns are providing a renewed incentive for generating

Raghavan, Srinivasa

437

P261: Study of hospital associated infections (HAI) at tertiary hospital in India; economic implication for developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over 1.4 million people worldwide suffer from HAI at any given time. Hospital wide prevalence of HAI varies from 5....1...]. This study focuses on the economic consequences and social burden of HAI cases in a ter...

S Satpathy; A Chaudhry; SK Gupta; A Kapil

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers Comment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) respectfully submits the following comments to the Department of Energy (DOE) on its Regulatory Burden RFI, 79 Fed. Reg. 37963 (July 3, 2014).

439

Life Cycle Assessment Study of Biopolymers (Polyhydroxyalkanoates) - Derived from No-Tilled Corn (11 pp)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Corn cultivation data are taken from 14 counties in the Corn Belt states of the United States ? ... Wisconsin. The environmental burdens associated with the corn wet milling process, in which dextrose, corn oil,...

Seungdo Kim; Bruce Dale

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

The welfare costs of hybrid carbon policies in the European Union  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To what extent do the welfare costs associated with the implementation of the Burden Sharing Agreement in the European Union depend on sectoral allocation of emissions rights? What are the prospects for strategic climate ...

Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Viguier, Laurent L.; Reilly, John M.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Criqui, Patrick.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Nitrogen trifluoride global emissions estimated from updated atmospheric measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nitrogen trifluoride (NF[subscript 3]) has potential to make a growing contribution to the Earth’s radiative budget; however, our understanding of its atmospheric burden and emission rates has been limited. Based on a ...

Ivy, Diane J.

442

Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Research and Station Technology  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

contaminants from downstream sources - L2: must be integrated with <87.5 MPa and > -40C gas - L3: burden on vehicle OEM; many more cars than stations Possible HCD Location...

443

Gatekeepers of island communities: exploring the pillars of sustainable development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sustainable development (SD) is generally recognised as having three dimensions, ecological, economic and social. Yet, its implementation is burdened with resistance and conflict rooted in the short-term ‘busi...

P. C. Mackelworth; H. Cari?

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

An investigation into the anthelmintic properties and synergistic potential of Cry5B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a one-way ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test, as befittingP = 0.0130 with a Kruskal-Wallis statistic of 10.78,a one-way ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test. Worm burden data

Georghiou, Sophia Berniece

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Uncertainties in estimates of the oxidative capacity of the urban atmosphere : a modeling and measurement approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile emissions represent a significant fraction of the total anthropogenic emissions burden in megacities and have a deleterious effect on air quality at local and regional scales. Due to the significant sources of ...

Zavala-Pérez, Miguel Angel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

An Earned Income Tax Credit in the Netherlands: Simulations with the MIMIC Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent policy discussions in the Netherlands, the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) has been put forward as ... of labour supply because it raises the marginal tax burden on medium-income workers.

Floor M. van Oers; Ruud A. de Mooij; Johan J. Graafland; J. Boone

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Male eastern bluebirds trade future ornamentation for current reproductive investment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ornamentation for current reproductive investment Lynn Siefferman * Geoffrey E Hill...proposes that organisms must trade-off investment in current and future reproduction...strategies (Resnick 1985). A level of investment in offspring that is a burden to one...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

ICON: Eosinophil Disorders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In light of the increasing burden of allergic diseases, the World Allergy Organization; the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology; the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology; and the Ameri...

Peter Valent MD; Amy D Klion MD…

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

COUNSELLING STUDENTS.SFU.CA/HEALTH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEALTH AND COUNSELLING SERVICES STUDENTS.SFU.CA/HEALTH IF SO...HERE ARE THREE EASY STEPS TO BETTER BACK HEALTH: � Strip down your burden � Strap in at the waist � Share the load between both shoulders

450

Incentives to Challenge and Defend Patents: Why Litigation Won't Reliably Fix Patent Office Errors and Why Administrative Patent Review Might Help  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

expendi- tures that do not help win their cases. Onelaw] . . . and therefore help shift some of the burden ofdi- rect buyers cannot help in the least. 26. See generally

Farrell, Joseph; Merges, Robert P

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Optimization of naïve dynamic binary instrumentation Tools/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The proliferation of dynamic program analysis tools has done much to ease the burden of developing complex software. However, creating such tools remains a challenge. Dynamic binary instrumentation frameworks such as ...

Kleckner, Reid (Reid N.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Increase in malaria prevalence and age of at risk population in different areas of Gabon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Following the deployment of new recommendations for malaria control according to the World Health Organization, an estimation of the real burden of the disease is needed to better identify populations at risk and...

Denise P Mawili-Mboumba; Marielle K Bouyou Akotet; Eric Kendjo…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Address of the President, Lord May of Oxford OM AC KT FRS, given at the Anniversary Meeting on 1 December 2003  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...an uncompetitive, per capita basis). My personal...if scaled against GDP) compared with 10...average citations per paper published from...burdens on the time and energy of overworked faculty...that the increasing demands for reports, reviews...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Targeting Methanopterin Biosynthesis To Inhibit Methanogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...contributes to the problem of global warming (4). Ruminal methanogenesis...processing, and use of coal, oil, and natural gas...Hacksteins hypothesis. The global atmospheric methane burden...sources, sinks and role in global change. Springer-Verlag...

Razvan Dumitru; Hector Palencia; Scott D. Schroeder; Bree A. DeMontigny; James M. Takacs; Madeline E. Rasche; Jess L. Miner; Stephen W. Ragsdale

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

U  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Coke Plants Form Approved OMB No. 1905-0167 Expires 04302011 Burden: 1 Hour NOTICE: This report is mandatory under the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law...

456

Tomographic Fluorescence Mapping of Tumor Targets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...regulatory burden inherent in the commercialization of such agents. Early-Phase...and Preclinical Development process steps. Biospecimen-based...to be conducted during the process steps described as preclinical...dampened the enthusiasm for commercialization of imaging modalities. A...

Xavier Montet; Vasilis Ntziachristos; Jan Grimm; and Ralph Weissleder

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

2nd AnnuAl ElEctricAl EnginEEring April 20, 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Server Energy Efficiency by Shifting Light Burden to an Assistant #12;2012 USC EE Research Festival 2 | P for Network Optimization with Unknown Variables Category: Networks Jonathan Joshi Plasticity in CMOS

Southern California, University of

458

HVAC efficiency: Can filter selection reduce HVAC energy costs?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a society becoming more aware of the effects of energy consumption, Zoe Grainge takes a look at whether filter efficiency can go some way to ease the energy burden of HVAC systems.

Zoe Grainge

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Joan's second blog post from Uganda-February 5, 2013 southwest of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joan's second blog post from Uganda-February 5, 2013 Hello from Mbarrara, southwest of Kampala worried that with the much greater burden of disease in Uganda, we might have little in common. Once we

Mootha, Vamsi K.

460

Comparative analyses of aryl hydrocarbon receptor structure, function, and evolution in marine mammals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marine mammals possess high body burdens of persistent organic pollutants, including PCBs and dioxin-like compounds (DLC). Chronic environmental or dietary exposure to these chemicals can disrupt the function of reproductive ...

Lapseritis, Joy M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

OPEC at high noon 1974-1981  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After 1973, oil consumption stagnated worldwide. Non-OPEC output increased, mostly in Alaska, Mexico, and the North Sea, but not because of the price rise. The cartel nations had to assume the whole burden of cutting back ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Comparison of emissions from on-road sources using a mobile laboratory under various driving and operational sampling modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile sources produce a significant fraction of the total anthropogenic emissions burden in large cities and have harmful effects on air quality at multiple spatial scales. Mobile emissions are intrinsically difficult to ...

Zavala-Perez, Miguel Angel

463

Evaluation of mobile emissions contributions to Mexico City's emissions inventory using on-road and cross-road emission measurements and ambient data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile emissions represent a significant fraction of the total anthropogenic emissions burden in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) and, therefore, it is crucial to use top-down techniques informed by on-road exhaust ...

Zavala-Perez, Miguel Angel

464

Results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For each person participating in our survey, we raised judged fair tax burdens for childless singles, childless married couples, married couples with one child, and married couples with two children, given mon...

Dr. Stefan Traub

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

September 27 29, 2010, Baltimore Convention Center Focusing on Emerging Automation Specifications and Use Cases, Software Assurance, Healthcare IT, Cyber Security, and Regulatory Compliance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the technical burdens of policy compliance, and innovated uses of automation across the enterprise in both, Vulnerability Identification, and Remediation Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) Federal Validated Tools Content Validation Innovative Case Studies Highlights Beautiful Baltimore Inner Harbor

466

ITP LEADER Case Study: Flambeau River Papers Makes a Comeback With a Revised Energy Strategy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Burdened by increasing operational costs, a century-old paper company in Wisconsin changes the way it used energy to turn around its business from a complete shutdown in 2006 to thriving paper production today.

467

Rare events in earth history include the LB1 human skeleton from Flores, Indonesia, as a developmental singularity, not a unique taxon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...A statement of that form falls in the same philosophical category as that of Bertrand Russell’s hypothetical orbiting teapot. There is no logical burden on anyone to disprove such assertions because “never is found” implies an observation set...

Robert B. Eckhardt; Maciej Henneberg; Alex S. Weller; Kenneth J. Hsü

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Current hepatitis B treatment guidelines and future research directions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection causes a tremendous clinical burden across the world with more than half a million people dying annually from HBV related disease. Significant advances have been made in HBV t...

Jonathan Skupsky; Ke-Qin Hu

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Emergence and Stability of High-Pressure Resistance in Different Food-Borne Pathogens  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...independent replicates. Burden and stability of the HHP resistance trait. Subsequently, we examined the stability of extreme HHP resistance in the evolved...study reports on the emergence and stability of extreme HHP resistance in different...

Dietrich Vanlint; Nele Rutten; Chris W. Michiels; Abram Aertsen

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

470

Sustainability 2012, 4, 210-226; doi:10.3390/su4020210 sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustainability 2012, 4, 210-226; doi:10.3390/su4020210 sustainability ISSN 2071-1050 www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability accounting. Keywords: climate policy; burden sharing; negative emissions OPEN ACCESS #12;Sustainability 2012

471

Life cycle assessment of biohydrogen and biomethane production and utilisation as a vehicle fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Environmental burdens for the production and utilisation of biomethane vehicle fuel or a biohydrogen/biomethane blend produced from food waste or wheat feed, based on data from two different laboratory experiments, have been compared. For food waste treated by batch processes the two stage system gave high hydrogen yields (84.2 l H2 kg?1 VS added) but a lower overall energy output than the single stage system. Reduction in environmental burdens compared with diesel was achieved, supported by the diversion of waste from landfill. For wheat feed, the semi continuously fed two stage process gave low hydrogen yields (7.5 l H2 kg?1 VS added) but higher overall energy output. The process delivers reduction in fossil fuel burdens, and improvements in process efficiencies will lead to reduction in CO2 burdens compared with diesel. The study highlights the importance of understanding and optimising biofuel production parameters according to the feedstock utilised.

Tim Patterson; Sandra Esteves; Richard Dinsdale; Alan Guwy; Jon Maddy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Challenges of Nuclear Safety to Sustainable Development of Chinese Nuclear Energy in Post-Fukushima Era  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sustainable development of Chinese economy in twenty-first century will mainly rely on self-supply of clean energy with indigenous natural resources. The burden of current coal-dominant energy mix and the stress ...

Zhiwei Zhou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Implementation Science in Cancer Prevention and Control: A Framework for Research and Programs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...including indoor and outdoor air pollution, both serious problems in some...including controlling outdoor air pollution, banning asbestos, and imposition...carcinogens (37). For ambient air pollution alone, the Global Burden of Disease...

Sudha Sivaram; Michael A. Sanchez; Barbara K. Rimer; Jonathan M. Samet; and Russell E. Glasgow

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Injectable Nano-Network for Glucose-Mediated Insulin Delivery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diabetes mellitus, a disorder of glucose regulation, is a global burden affecting 366 million people across the world. An artificial “closed-loop” system able to mimic pancreas activity and release insulin in response to ...

Gu, Zhen

475

Departure and return : abandonment, memorial and aging in Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Japan today, asimilar process can be seen the ie ?, or householdHousehold and the Family 191 Bearing the Burden: Obasuteyama in Contemporary Japan .Household and Family Anthropologist David Plath (1964) called ancestor worship in Japan

Danely, Jason Allen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

The water consumption of energy production: an international comparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Producing energy resources requires significant quantities of fresh water. As an energy sector changes or expands, the mix of technologies deployed to produce fuels and electricity determines the associated burden on ...

Marks, David H.

477

Water Filtration Using Plant Xylem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective point-of-use devices for providing safe drinking water are urgently needed to reduce the global burden of waterborne disease. Here we show that plant xylem from the sapwood of coniferous trees – a readily available, ...

Boutilier, Michael Stephen Ha

478

Projected Regional Impacts of Appliance Efficiency Standards for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Future Energy Use and Carbon Emissions from U.S. Residences.Koomey. 1993. Cutting Carbon Emissions-Burden or Benefit? :roughly equal to 4% of carbon emissions in 1990. Because

Koomey, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Georadar-derived estimates of firn density in the percolation zone, western Greenland ice sheet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surface elevation [Holland et al., 2011] and can substantially influence mass balance calculations based

Howat, Ian M.

480

Journal of Alzheimer's Disease 39 (2014) 111 DOI 10.3233/JAD-131295  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as cholinesterase inhibitors, memantine, antipsychotics, and antidepressants do not substantially improve

Chatterjee, Anjan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Published in Materials and Structures, Vol. 47 (4), 581-589, 2014. Influence of Internal Curing and Viscosity Modifiers on Resistance to Sulfate Attack  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

degradation products, such as ettringite, without creating substantial stresses and subsequent cracking

Bentz, Dale P.

482

Acculturation, behavioral risk factors, and cardio- metabolic dysfunction in Mexican American women living in a border region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Suarez, L. , Laufman, L. , Barroso, C. , & Chalela, P. (Suarez, Laufman, Barroso, & Chalela, 2000). Substantial

Espinosa de los Monteros, Karla

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Enhanced water desalination efficiency in an air-cathode stacked microbial electrodeionization cell (SMEDIC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

desalination facilities will increase substantially over the next 10 years. Current commercial desa- lination

484

Surveying Noctural Cuttlefish Camouflage Behaviour using an AUV Stefan B. Williams, Oscar Pizarro, Martin How, Duncan Mercer,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

concentrations were substantially higher closer in to shore in shallow waters, where the flat rocky substrate

Hanlon, Roger T.

485

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the use of cracking and other advanced refinery operations to generate a product slate with substantial

486

EIS-0433-S1-NOI-2012.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

32 Federal Register 32 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 116 / Friday, June 15, 2012 / Notices Type of Request: Revision of an OMB- approved information collection. Collection method Number of respondents Frequency of response Average burden per response (minutes) Estimated total annual burden (hours) HA-4632 (paper) ............................................................................................. 20,000 1 15 5,000 Electronic Records Express ............................................................................ 180,000 1 15 45,000 Total .......................................................................................................... 200,000 ........................ ........................ 50,000 2. Representative Payee Report- Special Veterans Benefits-20 CFR

487

Estimates of Embodied Global Energy and Air-Emission Intensities of Japanese Products for Building a Japanese Input–Output Life Cycle Assessment Database with a Global System Boundary  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To build a life cycle assessment (LCA) database of Japanese products embracing their global supply chains in a manner requiring lower time and labor burdens, this study estimates the intensity of embodied global environmental burden for commodities produced in Japan. ... This sector is followed by several food- and agriculture-related sectors such as seeds and seedlings (JD11) (?57%), flour and other grain mill products (JD47) (?52%), timber (JD90) (?52%), and Feeds (JD72) (?51%). ...

Keisuke Nansai; Yasushi Kondo; Shigemi Kagawa; Sangwon Suh; Kenichi Nakajima; Rokuta Inaba; Susumu Tohno

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

488

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

7 7 Residential Energy Burdens, by Weatherization Eligibility and Year (1) 1987 Mean Mean Mean Mean Mdn Mean Mean Mdn Mean Group Indvdl Group Indvdl Indvdl Group Indvdl Indvdl Group Total U.S. Households 4.0% 6.8% 3.2% 6.1% 3.5% 2.4% 7.2% 4.4% 3.2% Federally Eligible 13.0% 14.4% 10.1% 12.1% 7.9% 7.7% 13.8% 9.6% 10.0% Federally Ineligible 4.0% 3.5% N.A. 3.0% 2.6% 2.0% 3.6% 3.1% 2.6% Below 125% Poverty Line 13.0% N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. Note(s): Source(s): 1990 FY 2000 (2) FY 2009 (3) 1) Energy burden can be defined broadly as the burden placed on household incomes by the cost of energy, or the ratio of energy expenditures to income for a household. DOE Weatherization primarily uses mean individual burden and mean group burden since these statistics provide data on how an "average" individual household fares against an "average" group of households (that is, how burdens are

489

Digital Actuator Technology  

SciTech Connect

There are significant developments underway in new types of actuators for power plant active components. Many of these make use of digital technology to provide a wide array of benefits in performance of the actuators and in reduced burden to maintain them. These new product offerings have gained considerable acceptance in use in process plants. In addition, they have been used in conventional power generation very successfully. This technology has been proven to deliver the benefits promised and substantiate the claims of improved performance. The nuclear industry has been reluctant to incorporate digital actuator technology into nuclear plant designs due to concerns due to a number of concerns. These could be summarized as cost, regulatory uncertainty, and a certain comfort factor with legacy analog technology. The replacement opportunity for these types of components represents a decision point for whether to invest in more modern technology that would provide superior operational and maintenance benefits. Yet, the application of digital technology has been problematic for the nuclear industry, due to qualification and regulatory issues. With some notable exceptions, the result has been a continuing reluctance to undertake the risks and uncertainties of implementing digital actuator technology when replacement opportunities present themselves. Rather, utilities would typically prefer to accept the performance limitations of the legacy analog actuator technologies to avoid impacts to project costs and schedules. The purpose of this report is to demonstrate that the benefits of digital actuator technology can be significant in terms of plant performance and that it is worthwhile to address the barriers currently holding back the widespread development and use of this technology. It addresses two important objectives in pursuit of the beneficial use of digital actuator technology for nuclear power plants: 1. To demonstrate the benefits of digital actuator technology over legacy analog sensor technology in both quantitative and qualitative ways. 2. To recognize and address the added difficulty of digital technology qualification, especially in regard to software common cause failure (SCCF), that is introduced by the use of digital actuator technology.

Ken Thomas; Ted Quinn; Jerry Mauck; Richard Bockhorst

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Fissile material measurements using the differential die-away self interrogation technique  

SciTech Connect

Currently, there is substantial research effort focused on quantifying plutonium (Pu) mass in spent fuel using non-destructive assay (NDA) techniques. Of the several techniques being investigated for this purpose, Differential Die-Away Self-Interrogation (DDSI) is a recently proposed, neutron-based NDA technique capable of quantifying the total fissile content in an assembly. Unlike the conventional Differential Die-Away (DDA) technique, DOSI does not require an external neutron source for sample interrogation, but rather, uses the spontaneous fission neutrons originating from {sup 244}Cm within the spent fuel for self-interrogation. The essence of the technique lies in the time separation between the detection of spontaneous fission neutrons from {sup 244}Cm and the detection of induced fission neutrons at a later time. The DDSI detector design imposes this time separation by optimizing the die-away times ({tau}) of the detector and sample interrogation regions to obtain an early and late neutron distribution respectively. The ratio of the count rates in the late gate to the early gate for singles, doubles, and triples is directly proportional to the fissile content present in the sample, which has already been demonstrated for simplified fuel cases using the Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended (MCNPX) code. The current work applies the DDSI concept to more complex samples, specifically spent Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) assemblies with varying isotopics resulting from a range of initial enrichment, bumup, and cooling time. We assess the feasibility of using the late gate to early gate ratio as a reliable indicator of overall fissile mass for a range of assemblies by defining a {sup 239}Pu effective mass which indicates the mass of {sup 239}Pu that would yield the same DDSI signal as the combined mass of major fissile isotopes present in the sample. This work is important for assessing the individual capability of the DDSI instrument in quantifying fissile mass in an assembly in order to use this information for a possible integration with another NDA instrument for direct Pu mass determination.

Schear, Melissa A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Menlove, Howard O [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tobin, Stephen J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Evans, Louise G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lee, S Y [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

The implications of UIC and NPDES regulations on selection of disposal options for spent geothermal brine  

SciTech Connect

This document reviews and evaluates the various options for the disposal of geothermal wastewater with respect to the promulgated regulations for the protection of surface and groundwaters. The Clean Water Act of 1977 and the Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments are especially important when designing disposal systems for geothermal fluids. The former promulgates regulations concerning the discharge of wastewater into surface waters, while the latter is concerned with the protection of ground water aquifers through the establishment of underground injection control (UIC) programs. There is a specific category for geothermal fluid discharge if injection is to be used as a method of disposal. Prior to February 1982, the UIC regulations required geothermal power plant to use Class III wells and direct use plants to use Class V wells. More stringent regulatory requirements, including construction specification and monitoring, are imposed on the Class III wells. On February 3, 1982, the classification of geothermal injection wells was changed from a Class III to Class V on the basis that geothermal wells do not inject for the extraction of minerals or energy, but rather they are used to inject brines, from which heat has been extracted, into formations from which they were originally taken. This reclassification implies that a substantial cost reduction will be realized for geothermal fluid injection primarily because well monitoring is no longer mandatory. The Clean Water Act of 1977 provides the legal basis for regulating the discharge of liquid effluent into the nation's surface waters, through a permitting system called the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Discharge quantities, rates, concentrations and temperatures are regulated by the NPDES permits. These permits systems are based upon effluent guidelines developed by EPA on an industry by industry basis. For geothermal energy industry, effluent guidelines have not been formulated and are not currently scheduled. There, are however, water quality standards that control the quantity and quality of wastewaters discharged into surface waters. These standards are established by the states in concert with EPA, and frequently result in NPDES conditions more restrictive than those based on effluent guidelines.

None

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

The design, construction, and operation of long-distance high-voltage electricity transmission technologies.  

SciTech Connect

This report focuses on transmission lines, which operate at voltages of 115 kV and higher. Currently, the highest voltage lines comprising the North American power grid are at 765 kV. The grid is the network of transmission lines that interconnect most large power plants on the North American continent. One transmission line at this high voltage was built near Chicago as part of the interconnection for three large nuclear power plants southwest of the city. Lines at this voltage also serve markets in New York and New England, also very high demand regions. The large power transfers along the West Coast are generally at 230 or 500 kV. Just as there are practical limits to centralization of power production, there are practical limits to increasing line voltage. As voltage increases, the height of the supporting towers, the size of the insulators, the distance between conductors on a tower, and even the width of the right-of-way (ROW) required increase. These design features safely isolate the electric power, which has an increasing tendency to arc to ground as the voltage (or electrical potential) increases. In addition, very high voltages (345 kV and above) are subject to corona losses. These losses are a result of ionization of the atmosphere, and can amount to several megawatts of wasted power. Furthermore, they are a local nuisance to radio transmission and can produce a noticeable hum. Centralized power production has advantages of economies of scale and special resource availability (for instance, hydro resources), but centralized power requires long-distance transfers of power both to reach customers and to provide interconnections for reliability. Long distances are most economically served at high voltages, which require large-scale equipment and impose a substantial footprint on the corridors through which power passes. The most visible components of the transmission system are the conductors that provide paths for the power and the towers that keep these conductors at a safe distance from each other and from the ground and the natural and built environment. Common elements that are generally less visible (or at least more easily overlooked) include the maintained ROW along the path of the towers, access roads needed for maintenance, and staging areas used for initial construction that may be restored after construction is complete. Also visible but less common elements along the corridor may include switching stations or substations, where lines of similar or different voltages meet to transfer power.

Molburg, J. C.; Kavicky, J. A.; Picel, K. C.

2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

493

Resolution enhancement of lung 4D-CT via group-sparsity  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: 4D-CT typically delivers more accurate information about anatomical structures in the lung, over 3D-CT, due to its ability to capture visual information of the lung motion across different respiratory phases. This helps to better determine the dose during radiation therapy for lung cancer. However, a critical concern with 4D-CT that substantially compromises this advantage is the low superior-inferior resolution due to less number of acquired slices, in order to control the CT radiation dose. To address this limitation, the authors propose an approach to reconstruct missing intermediate slices, so as to improve the superior-inferior resolution.Methods: In this method the authors exploit the observation that sampling information across respiratory phases in 4D-CT can be complimentary due to lung motion. The authors’ approach uses this locally complimentary information across phases in a patch-based sparse-representation framework. Moreover, unlike some recent approaches that treat local patches independently, the authors’ approach employs the group-sparsity framework that imposes neighborhood and similarity constraints between patches. This helps in mitigating the trade-off between noise robustness and structure preservation, which is an important consideration in resolution enhancement. The authors discuss the regularizing ability of group-sparsity, which helps in reducing the effect of noise and enables better structural localization and enhancement.Results: The authors perform extensive experiments on the publicly available DIR-Lab Lung 4D-CT dataset [R. Castillo, E. Castillo, R. Guerra, V. Johnson, T. McPhail, A. Garg, and T. Guerrero, “A framework for evaluation of deformable image registration spatial accuracy using large landmark point sets,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 1849–1870 (2009)]. First, the authors carry out empirical parametric analysis of some important parameters in their approach. The authors then demonstrate, qualitatively as well as quantitatively, the ability of their approach to achieve more accurate and better localized results over bicubic interpolation as well as a related state-of-the-art approach. The authors also show results on some datasets with tumor, to further emphasize the clinical importance of their method.Conclusions: The authors have proposed to improve the superior-inferior resolution of 4D-CT by estimating intermediate slices. The authors’ approach exploits neighboring constraints in the group-sparsity framework, toward the goal of achieving better localization and noise robustness. The authors’ results are encouraging, and positively demonstrate the role of group-sparsity for 4D-CT resolution enhancement.

Bhavsar, Arnav; Wu, Guorong; Shen, Dinggang [Department of Radiology and BRIC, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States)] [Department of Radiology and BRIC, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States); Lian, Jun [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

494

On the predictability of the interannual behaviour of the Madden-Julian oscillation and its relationship with El Nino  

SciTech Connect

The Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) is the dominant mode of tropical variability at intraseasonal timescales. It displays substantial interannual variability in intensity which may have important implications for the predictability of the coupled system. The reasons for this interannual variability are not understood. The aim of this paper is to investigate whether the interannual behavior of the MJO is related to tropical sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies, particularly El Nino, and hence whether it is predictable. The interannual behavior of the MJO has been diagnosed initially in the 40-year NCEP/ NCAR Reanalysis. The results suggest that prior to the mid-1970s the activity of the MJO was consistently lower than during the latter part of the record. This may be related to either inadequacies in the data coverage, particularly over the tropical Indian Ocean prior to the introduction of satellite observations, or to the real effects of a decadal timescale warming in the tropical SSTs. The teleconnection patterns between interannual variations in MJO activity and SST show only a weak, barely significant, influence of El Nino in which the MJO is more active during the cold phase. As well as the NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis, a 4-member ensemble of 45 year integrations with the Hadley Centre climate model (HadAM2a), forced by observed SSTs for 1949-93, has been used to investigate the relationship between MJO activity and SST. HadAM2a is known to give a reasonable simulation of the MJO and the extended record provided by this ensemble of integrations allows a more robust investigation of the predictability of MJO activity than was possible with the 40-year NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis. The results have shown that, for the uncoupled system, with the atmosphere being driven by imposed SSTS, there is no reproducibility for the activity of the MJO from year to year. The interannual behavior of the MJO is not controlled by the phase of El Nino and would appear to be chaotic in character. However, the model results have confirmed the low frequency, decadal timescale variability of MJO activity seen in the NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis. The activity of the MJO is consistently lower in all realizations prior to the mid 1970s, suggesting that the MJO may become more active as tropical SSTs become warmer. This result may have implications for the effects of global warming on the coupled tropical atmosphere-ocean system.

Sperber, K.R., LLNL

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Examples of Tensor Properties Using Matrix Fundamentals (A Physical Property)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Properties of single crystals in particular often differ with different crystal directions as a consequence of constraints imposed by atomic packing and arrangements as well as the placement of substitutional ...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Thermally driven circulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several problems connected by the theme of thermal forcing are addressed herein. The main topic is the stratification and flow field resulting from imposing a specified heat flux on a fluid that is otherwise confined to a ...

Nelken, Haim

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Reduced Propane Fuel Tax The tax imposed on liquefied petroleum gas, or propane, used to operate a motor vehicle is equal to half the tax paid on the sale or use of gasoline, or...

498

Suggestions for the Road to Copenhagen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

climate change without the participation of developing countries.developing countries are most at risk from climate change,climate change policy, they might be willing to impose WT0-inconsistent trade restrictions against one or more large developing countries

Karp, Larry; Zhao, Jinhua

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Physical Properties of High-Level Cloud over Land and Ocean from CloudSat–CALIPSO Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unlike other cloud types, high-level clouds play an important role, often imposing a warming effect, in the earth–atmosphere radiative energy budget. In this paper, macro- and microphysical characteristics of cirrus clouds, such as their ...

Juan Huo; Daren Lu

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Conservation Market Price Adder Wally Gibson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resource · High adder not needed for discretionary conservation because penetration limited by imposed ramp rate · Can always go back and get it later as well · Adders that are too high and too low increase