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1

Substantial Transformation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Recovery Act/Buy American Information Related to Substantial Transformation GUIDANCE ON MANUFACTURED GOODS AND SUBSTANTIAL TRANSFORMATION FOR FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AWARDS Section 1605 of the Recovery Act states, "None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act may be used for a project for the construction, alteration, maintenance, or repair of a public building or public work unless all of the iron, steel, and manufactured goods used in the project are produced in the United States." The Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) guidance on implementing this section defines "manufactured good" as a "good brought to the construction site for incorporation into

2

Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012) Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012) The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is submitting these comments in response to the above-referenced request for information (RFI) issued by the Department of Energy (DOE). In the RFI, DOE is again asking for information on ways to streamline and to reduce the burden imposed by its regulations. Reg review - DOE RFI - EEI cmts 5-29-12.pdf More Documents & Publications Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 47328 EEI Comments in response to DOE regulatory review RFI, 76 Fed. Reg. 75798

3

Production of substantially pure fructose  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is disclosed for the production of substantially pure fructose from sucrose-containing substrates. The process comprises converting the sucrose to levan and glucose, purifying the levan by membrane technology, hydrolyzing the levan to form fructose monomers, and recovering the fructose.

Hatcher, Herbert J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Gallian, John J. (Twin Falls, ID); Leeper, Stephen A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

OMB Burden Disclosure Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

71.1 OMB Control Number 71.1 OMB Control Number (09/2012) (Classification) OMB Burden Disclosure Statement 1910-1800 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 10 (minutes) per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching exist ing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comme nts regarding this estimate or any other aspect of this information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Information, Records, and Resource Management, MA-41-GTN, Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-1800), U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20874-1290; and to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-1800),Washington, DC 20503.

5

Avoided Electricity Subsidy Payments Can Finance Substantial...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Avoided Electricity Subsidy Payments Can Finance Substantial Appliance Efficiency Incentive Programs: Case Study of Mexico Title Avoided Electricity Subsidy Payments Can Finance...

6

DOE Reg. Burden RFI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 4, 2012 January 4, 2012 Page 1 January 4, 2012 Daniel Cohen, Esq. Office of General Counsel U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Re: Regulatory Burden RFI Dear Mr. Cohen: These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) notice in the December 5, 2011 Federal Register requesting information to assist DOE in reviewing existing regulations and in making its regulatory program more effective and less burdensome. AHRI had submitted comments on March 21, 2011 in response to the previous Request for Information (RFI) issued by DOE in February of 2011. We appreciate DOE's commitment to maintaining a plan for regular, periodic review of its existing regulations and reporting

7

DOE Reg. Burden RFI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

March 21, 2011 March 21, 2011 Page 1 March 21, 2011 Daniel Cohen, Esq. Office of General Counsel U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Re: Regulatory Burden RFI Dear Mr. Cohen: These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) notice appearing in the Federal Register on February 3, 2011 requesting information to assist DOE in reviewing existing regulations and in making its regulatory program more effective and less burdensome. AHRI is the trade association representing manufacturers of heating, cooling, water heating, and commercial refrigeration equipment. More than 300 members strong, AHRI is an internationally recognized advocate for the industry, and develops standards for and certifies the performance of

8

Property:NEPA Resource Imposed Mitigation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Imposed Mitigation Imposed Mitigation Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NEPA Resource Imposed Mitigation Property Type Text Description Agency imposed mitigation plan to minimize the risk of a potential negative impact to a NEPA resource with a geothermal development effort. Pages using the property "NEPA Resource Imposed Mitigation" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) B BLM-NV-WN-ES-08-01-1310, NV-020-08-01#NEPAImpact_with_Migratory_Birds + Initial ground disturbing activities would not be conducted during the migratory bird nesting season (March through July) unless necessary, and then only after inventories for migratory birds and nests were conducted by a qualified biologist acceptable to the BLM. This survey would be conducted to identify either breeding adult birds or nest sites within the specific areas to be disturbed. If active nests are present within these areas to be disturbed, NGP would coordinate with the authorized officer to develop appropriate protection measures for these sites, which may include avoidance, construction constraints, and/or the establishment of buffers.

9

Substantially self-powered fluid turbines  

SciTech Connect

A method is provided for substantially self-powering turbines by expanding compressed gases released downhole or in adjacent formations. These gases do work in the turbines as the gases expand toward atmospheric pressure at the earth's surface. The method offers alternative and supplemental approaches to recovering hydrocarbon gases, water vapor, carbon dioxide, other gases, and petroleum from watered out wells and from deep or hot wells.

Elliott, G. R. B.; Houseman, B. L.; McDaniel, W.

1985-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

10

Definition: Burden | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Burden Burden Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Burden Operation of the Bulk Electric System that violates or is expected to violate a System Operating Limit or Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit in the Interconnection, or that violates any other NERC, Regional Reliability Organization, or local operating reliability standards or criteria.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Bulk Electric System, System, Interconnection, sustainability References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Burden&oldid=493023" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions

11

AHAM Comments Regulatory Burden RFI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) respectfully submits the following comments to the Department of Energy (DOE) on its Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 47328 (Aug. 8, 2012).

12

Regulatory Burden RFI | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regulatory Burden RFI Regulatory Burden RFI These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of...

13

DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report - December...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Burden Reduction Report - December 18, 2012 DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report - December 18, 2012 DOE EO 13563 December 2012 Update Report and Burden...

14

Google, ou comment s'imposer comme un point de passage oblig 1. Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Google, ou comment s'imposer comme un point de passage obligé 1. Introduction Chaque jour des centaines de millions d'internautes utilisent Google gratuitement pour effectuer leurs recherches Google est devenu une véritable passerelle entre les ressources Internet et les internautes s'imposant à

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

15

Regulatory Burden RFI Executive Order 13563  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The situation we described last year (see below) has not improved. We are waiting for additional rules from DOE but dont believe theyll provide the needed relief from regulatory burden. This...

16

Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 76 Fed. Reg. 75798 (Dec. 5, 2011) Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 76 Fed. Reg. 75798...

17

Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012) Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012) The Edison...

18

Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is submitting these comments in response to the...

19

Re: Request for Information on Regulatory Burden of DOE Regulations...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Re: Request for Information on Regulatory Burden of DOE Regulations Comments from Edison Electric Institute on DOE's Request for Information regarding the burden of DOE...

20

Method of sealing an ultracapacitor substantially free of water  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A method of sealing an ultracapacitor substantially free of water is disclosed. The method includes providing a multilayer cell comprising two solid, non porous current collectors, separated by two porous electrodes with a separator between the two electrodes, sealing the cell with a reclosable hermetic closure. Water inside the closure is dissociated by an applied voltage to the cell and escapes in the form of hydrogen and oxygen when the closure is unmated, the closure is then mated to hermetically seal the cell which is substantially free of water.

Chapman-Irwin, Patricia (Altamont, NY); Feist, Thomas Paul (Clifton Park, NY)

2002-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Types of Dialogue and Burdens of Proof  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Burden of proof has recently come to be a topic of interest in argumentation systems for artificial intelligence (Prakken and Sartor, 2006, 2007, 2009; Gordon and Walton, 2007, 2009), but so far the main work on the subject seems to be in that type of ...

Douglas Walton

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Regulatory Burden RFI - Hussmann Corporation Response  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regulatory Burden RFI - Hussmann Corporation Response Regulatory Burden RFI - Hussmann Corporation Response January 3, 2012 Below are the list of questions with answers from the December 5 RFI: (1) How can the Department best promote meaningful periodic reviews of its existing rules and how can it best identify those rules that might be modified, streamlined, expanded, or repealed? DOE should maintain a list of all manufacturers impacted by legislation/rules and make sure these manufacturers are notified of all rule changes. A full review cycle should be done periodically and provide adequate time for ALL manufacturers to respond. (2) What factors should the agency consider in selecting and prioritizing rules and reporting requirements for review? Cost (initial and maintenance) should be considered as well as return on investment. Also,

23

DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report July...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Burden Reduction Report July 29, 2013 DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report July 29, 2013 DOE 13563 and ICR Report - Final.pdf More Documents & Publications...

24

Correcting the burden formula for heave blasting  

SciTech Connect

A fundamental error in the derivation of a heave blasting burden formula was found and then corrected. The original derivation used the impulse-momentum principle, with a 0.3m thick radius of rock mass being acted on by an explosive impulse. However, the rock weight was not converted to mass by dividing the gravitational constant. This mistake can be verified by checking the units in the formula, which resolve into m 1/2-sec instead of meters.

Thompson, S.D.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Reducing Regulatory Burden  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Billing Code 6450 01-P Billing Code 6450 01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Reducing Regulatory Burden AGENCY: Office of the General Counsel, Department of Energy. ACTION: Request for information. SUMMARY: As part of its implementation of Executive Order 13563, "Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review," issued by the President on January 18, 2011, the Department of Energy (DOE) is seeking comments and information from interested parties to assist DOE in reviewing its existing regulations to determine whether any such regulations should be modified, streamlined, expanded, or repealed. The purpose of DOE's review is to make the agency's regulatory program more effective and less burdensome in achieving its regulatory objectives. DATES: Written comments and information are requested on or before 45 days after

26

Affordable housing: Reducing the energy cost burden  

SciTech Connect

Residential energy expenditures are a key determinant of housing affordability, particularly for lower Income households. For years, federal, state and local governments and agencies have sought to defray energy expenses and Increase residential energy efficiency for low Income households through legislative and regulatory actions and programs. Nevertheless, household energy costs continue to place a major burden on lower Income families. This issue paper was written to help formulate national energy policy by providing the United States Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE) with Information to help define the affordable housing issue; Identify major drivers, key factors, and primary stakeholders shaping the affordable housing issue; and review how responding to this Issue may impact EE`s goals and objectives and Influence the strategic direction of the office. Typically, housing affordability is an Issue associated with lower income households. This issue paper adopts this perspective, but it is important to note that reducing energy utility costs can make {open_quotes}better{close_quote} housing affordable to any household regardless of income. As energy efficiency is improved throughout all sectors of the economy, special consideration must be given to low income households. Of all households, low income households are burdened the most by residential energy costs; their residences often are the least energy-efficient and have the greatest potential for efficiency improvements, but the occupants have the fewest resources to dedicate to conservation measures. This paper begins with a definition of {open_quotes}affordability{close_quotes} as it pertains to total housing costs and summarizes several key statistics related to housing affordability and energy use by lower income households.

Lee, A.D.; Chin, R.I.; Marden, C.L.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

NAESCO Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI Final | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI Final The National Association of Energy Service Companies (NAESCO) appreciates the opportunity to submit these comments in response to the...

28

CO? emissions limits: economic adjustments and the distribution of burdens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policies under consideration within the Climate Convention would impose CO? controls on only a subset of nations. A model of economic growth and emissions, coupled to an analysis of the climate system, is used to explore ...

Jacoby, Henry D.; Eckaus, Richard S.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Reiner, David M.; Yang, Zili.

29

Regulatory Burden RFI from AHRI | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AHRI Regulatory Burden RFI from AHRI These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of...

30

Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) respectfully submits the following comments to the Department of Energy (DOE) on its Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012).

31

DOE Seeks Reply Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden | Department of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reply Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden Reply Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden DOE Seeks Reply Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden March 22, 2011 - 5:24pm Addthis The Department of Energy today announces the opening of the reply comment period for its Request for Information implementing Executive Order 13563, seeking public comment on how best to review its existing regulations and to identify whether any of its existing regulations should be modified, streamlined, expanded, or repealed. The Department is now interested in receiving comment on the suggestions and comments received from outside parties. Those comments and suggestions are posted on the Office of the General Counsel website: Retrospective Review of Regulations. On January 31, 2011, the Department took two steps to launch its

32

Maryland-National Capital Building Industry Association Regulatory Burden  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maryland-National Capital Building Industry Association Regulatory Maryland-National Capital Building Industry Association Regulatory Burden RFI (Federal Register August 8, 2012) Maryland-National Capital Building Industry Association Regulatory Burden RFI (Federal Register August 8, 2012) On behalf of the Maryland-National Capital Building Industry Association, I am providing the following comments and information in response to DOE's request. The Association represents residential builders, developers and associated professionals and service firms. Final Letter to DOE Regulatory Burden 9_7_2012.pdf More Documents & Publications National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) Ex Parte Memorandum Energy Storage Activities in the United States Electricity Grid. May 2011 Frederick County (Maryland) Department of Permits and Inspections (FCDPI

33

DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 15, 2013 February 15, 2013 Agency/ Sub- agency RIN/ OMB Control Number Title of Initiative/ Rule/lCR Brief Description Actual or Target Completion Date Anticipated savings in costs and/or information collection burdens, together with any anticipated changes in benefits Progress updates and anticipated accomplish- ments Notes DOE/GC N/A Request for information on reducing regulatory burden DOE is continually engaging in review of its rules to determine whether there are burdens on the public that can be avoided by amending or rescinding existing requirements. To that end, while DOE is always open to receiving information about the impact of its regulations, it published this RFI to solicit public input. August 8, 2012 (77 FR 47328) This information solicitation is expected

34

America's Oil Imports: A Self-Inflicted Burden Vaclav Smil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

America's Oil Imports: A Self-Inflicted Burden Vaclav Smil Faculty of Environment, University of Manitoba Burdensome dependence on crude oil imports is a key challenge for America's energy policy; its principal cause is excessive consumption of refined oil products, which is mainly the result

Smil, Vaclav

35

Temperature limited heater with a conduit substantially electrically isolated from the formation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for heating a hydrocarbon containing formation is described. A conduit may be located in an opening in the formation. The conduit includes ferromagnetic material. An electrical conductor is positioned inside the conduit, and is electrically coupled to the conduit at or near an end portion of the conduit so that the electrical conductor and the conduit are electrically coupled in series. Electrical current flows in the electrical conductor in a substantially opposite direction to electrical current flow in the conduit during application of electrical current to the system. The flow of electrons is substantially confined to the inside of the conduit by the electromagnetic field generated from electrical current flow in the electrical conductor so that the outside surface of the conduit is at or near substantially zero potential at 25.degree. C. The conduit may generate heat and heat the formation during application of electrical current.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Sandberg, Chester Ledlie (Palo Alto, CA)

2009-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

36

$10,000 Imposed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas was found in default on October 4, 2006 pursuant to ICAOS Rule 6.103 for violation of Rule 2.110. Fine:

Ohio V. Texas

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Microsoft Word - AGA Comments on 2011 Regulatory Burden RFI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 15. 2011 April 15. 2011 U.S. Department of Energy Mr. Daniel Cohen Assistant General Counsel for Legislation, Regulation and Energy Efficiency Office of the General Counsel 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Via Email: Regulatory.Review@hq.doe.gov Subject: Reducing Regulatory Burden, Request for Information, Federal Register Vol. 76, No. 23, February 3, 2011 Dear Mr. Cohen: The American Gas Association (AGA) appreciates the opportunity to respond to the subject Department of Energy ("the Department") Request for Information (RFI) seeking comment and information to assist it in reviewing its existing regulations to determine whether such regulations should be modified or repealed pursuant to Executive Order 13563 ("Improving

38

Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 47328 |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 47328 Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 47328 The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is submitting these comments in response to the above-referenced request for information (RFI). In the RFI, the Department of Energy (DOE) is asking for comments on ways to streamline its regulations and to eliminate unnecessary ones, so as to make the regulations less burdensome and more effective. Reg review - DOE RFI - EEI cmts 9-7-12.pdf More Documents & Publications Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012) Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 76 Fed. Reg. 75798 (Dec. 5, 2011)

39

DOE Com Reg Burden RFI 9-7-12.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 7, 2012 September 7, 2012 Page 1 September 7, 2012 Daniel Cohen, Esq. Office of General Counsel U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Re: Regulatory Burden RFI Dear Mr. Cohen: These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) notice in the August 8, 2012 Federal Register requesting information to assist DOE in reviewing existing regulations and in making its regulatory program more effective and less burdensome. AHRI most recently submitted comments on January 4, 2012 in response to the previous Request for Information (RFI) issued by DOE in December of 2011. We note that the May 2012 Retrospective Review Plan Report does include several items addressing issues noted in our

40

Microsoft Word - Cover Letter Regulatory Burden RFI 4-15-11  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

aimed at reducing unnecessary regulatory burdens, promoting economic growth and job creation, and minimizing the impacts of government actions on small businesses, today's...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Impact of Informal Care and Caregiver Burden on Place of Death in Palliative Home Care.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??BACKGROUND: Literature suggests that many palliative home care patients wish to die at home. This study investigated determinants of caregiver burden among palliative home care (more)

Brink, Peter

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus, carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

Elliott, Guy R. B. (Los Alamos, NM); Barraclough, Bruce L. (Santa Fe, NM); Vanderborgh, Nicholas E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus, and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

Elliott, G.R.B.; Barraclough, B.L.; Vanderborgh, N.E.

1981-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

44

Technical considerations for evaluating substantially complete containment of high-level waste within the waste package  

SciTech Connect

This report deals with technical information that is considered essential for demonstrating the ability of the high-level radioactive waste package to provide substantially complete containment'' of its contents (vitrified waste form or spent light-water reactor fuel) for a period of 300 to 1000 years in a geological repository environment. The discussion is centered around technical considerations of the repository environment, materials and fabrication processes for the waste package components, various degradation modes of the materials of construction of the waste packages, and inspection and monitoring of the waste package during the preclosure and retrievability period, which could begin up to 50 years after initiation of waste emplacement. The emphasis in this report is on metallic materials. However, brief references have been made to other materials such as ceramics, graphite, bonded ceramic-metal systems, and other types of composites. The content of this report was presented to an external peer review panel of nine members at a workshop held at the Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses (CNWRA), Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, April 2--4, 1990. The recommendations of the peer review panel have been incorporated in this report. There are two companion reports; the second report in the series provides state-of-the-art techniques for uncertainty evaluations. 97 refs., 1 fig.

Manaktala, H.K. (Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (USA). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses); Interrante, C.G. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (USA). Div. of High-Level Waste Management)

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Green Vegetable Oil ProcessingChapter 11 Dry Condensing Vacuum Systems for Deodorizers for Substantial Energy Savings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Green Vegetable Oil Processing Chapter 11 Dry Condensing Vacuum Systems for Deodorizers for Substantial Energy Savings Processing eChapters Processing F2B58D30B351BCBE5723B760220C94BD AOCS Press ...

46

Minimization of Blast furnace Fuel Rate by Optimizing Burden and Gas Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of the research is to improve the competitive edge of steel mills by using the advanced CFD technology to optimize the gas and burden distributions inside a blast furnace for achieving the best gas utilization. A state-of-the-art 3-D CFD model has been developed for simulating the gas distribution inside a blast furnace at given burden conditions, burden distribution and blast parameters. The comprehensive 3-D CFD model has been validated by plant measurement data from an actual blast furnace. Validation of the sub-models is also achieved. The user friendly software package named Blast Furnace Shaft Simulator (BFSS) has been developed to simulate the blast furnace shaft process. The research has significant benefits to the steel industry with high productivity, low energy consumption, and improved environment.

Dr. Chenn Zhou

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

The Department of Energy's Request for Information on Reducing Regulatory Burden  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy's Department of Energy's Request for Information on Reducing Regulatory Burden Submitted on June 18, 2012 On behalf of the Natural Resources Defense Council and our more than 1.3 million members and online activists, we submit the following comments in response to the Department of Energy's (DOE) Request for Information on Reducing Regulatory Burden. (77 Federal Register 28518, May 15, 2012) NRDC has spent decades working to build and improve the Department of Energy's ("DOE") federal appliance standards programs because of the important energy, environmental, and consumer benefits of appliance

48

Microsoft Word - NAESCO Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, Final.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 1615 M Street, NW, Suite 800 Tel 202/822-0950 Washington, DC 20036 Fax 202/822-0955 http://www.naesco.org May 29, 2012 U.S. Department of Energy Office of the General Counsel 1000 Independence Avenue SW., Room 6A245 Washington, DC 20585 Re: Regulatory Burden RFI Dear Sir or Madam: The National Association of Energy Service Companies (NAESCO) appreciates the opportunity to submit these comments in response to the Request for Information (RFI) entitled, "Reducing Regulatory Burden," published in the Federal Register on May 15, 2012.

49

Measuring the Burden of Non-Fatal Illness in Wisconsin Brief Month Year  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To improve the health of Wisconsin, we need measures of disease burden for both fatal and non-fatal illnesses. This is the fifth in a series of brief reports from work on the Making Wisconsin the Healthiest State project. With funding from the UW School of Medicine and Public Health Wisconsin Partnership Program, our goal for this 4-year project is to identify the most effective investments for Wisconsin to become the nations healthiest state with less health disparity. This report examines the availability of data on the morbidity of Wisconsins residents and estimates the burden of nonfatal illness. Vol. 2, Number 1

Vol X; Number X; Bridget C. Booske; Patrick L. Remington; David A. Kindig

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Batteries on the battlefield developing a methodology to estimate the fully burdened cost of batteries in the Department of Defense .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??L), have developed methodologies to calculate the fully burdened cost of fuel as delivered energy in defense systems. Whereas these previous studies did not consider (more)

Hughley, Anthony E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Tolerance of Three-Stage CIGS Deposition to Variations Imposed by Roll-to-Roll Processing: Final Technical Report, May 2003 - September 2005  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Three-stage co-evaporation of CIGS imposes stringent limits on the parameter space if high-efficient devices are to result. Substrate temperatures during the 1st stage (as well as during the 2nd and 3rd stage), Se partial pressure, and amount of Na supplied are critical for good nucleation, proper In-Ga-selenide precursor phase, and diffusion of Cu into the precursor, as well as diffusion of Ga through the film. In addition, the degree of Cu-rich excursion impacts maximum performance and process tolerance. Enveloping the above is the basic time-temperature profile inextricably linked to the metals delivery rates. Although high-efficiency, three-stage deposited CIGS devices on the R&D scale are grown at about 20-45 minutes to thicknesses of 2 to 2.5 m, the latter is not a viable approach for an economic manufacturing process. At Global Solar Energy, Inc., CIGS films are typically grown in about 6 minutes to thicknesses of less than 2 m. At the same time, the emissivity and thermal conductivity of stainless steel is vastly different from that of glass, and the reduced growth time poses restrictions on the substrate temperature ramp rates and diffusion of species (reaction kinetics). Material compatibility in the highly corrosive Se environment places limitations on the substrate heaters; i.e., substrate temperatures. Finally, one key advantage of a RTR deposition approach (compact equipment) restricts post CIGS Se exposure and cool-down rates to be vastly different than those practiced in the laboratory.

Beck, M. E.; Britt, J. S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

CHRONIC CONSUMPTION OF ETHANOL LEADS TO SUBSTANTIAL CELL DAMAGE IN CULTURED RAT ASTROCYTES IN CONDITIONS PROMOTING ACETALDEHYDE ACCUMULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Aims: This study aimed at comparing the cerebral cytotoxicity of ethanol and its main metabolite acetaldehyde after acute or chronic exposures of rat astrocytes in primary culture. Methods: Cytotoxicity was evaluated on the cell reduction of viability (MTT reduction test) and on the characterization of DNA damage by single cell gel electrophoresis (or comet assay). Results: Changes in astrocyte survival and in DNA integrity only occurred when the astrocytes were chronically exposed to ethanol (20 mM; 3, 6 or 9 days). On the other hand, viability and DNA integrity were deeply affected by acute exposure to acetaldehyde. Both effects were dependent on the concentration of acetaldehyde. The cytotoxic effect of acetaldehyde was also indirectly evaluated after modifications of the normal ethanol metabolism by the use of different inducers or inhibitors. In presence of ethanol, the concomitant induction of catalase (i.e. by glucose oxidase) and inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase (i.e. by methylene blue) led to acetaldehyde accumulation within cells. It was followed by both a reduction in viability and a substantial increase in DNA strand breaks. Conclusions: These data were thus consistent with a possible predominant role of acetaldehyde during brain ethanol metabolism. On the other hand, the effects observed after AMT could also suggest a possible direct ethanol effect and a role for free radical attacks. These data were thus consistent with a possible predominant role of acetaldehyde during brain ethanol metabolism. On the other hand, the effects observed after AMT could also suggest a possible direct ethanol effect and a role for free radical attacks.

N. Signorini-allibe; B. Gonthier; F. Lamarche; H. Eysseric; L. Barret

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

A Process for Reducing the Licensing Burden for New Products Containing Depleted Uranium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-01 3-01 A Process for Reducing the Licensing Burden for New Products Containing Depleted Uranium Environmental Assessment Division Argonne National Laboratory Operated by The University of Chicago, under Contract W-31-109-Eng-38, for the United States Department of Energy Argonne National Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated by The University of Chicago under contract W-31-109-Eng-38. DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The University of Chicago, nor any of their employees or officers, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes

54

~A four carbon alcohol. It has double the amount of carbon of ethanol, which equates to a substantial increase in harvestable energy (Btu's).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to a substantial increase in harvestable energy (Btu's). ~Butanol is safer to handle with a Reid Value of 0.33 psi is easily recovered, increasing the energy yield of a bushel of corn by an additional 18 percent over the energy yield of ethanol produced from the same quantity of corn. ~Current butanol prices as a chemical

Toohey, Darin W.

55

Effort, Burden, What Do They Really Mean? Assessing The Fairness Of School Funding Alternatives In Vermont  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. On February 5, 1997 the Vermont Supreme Court declared the state's system for funding public education unconstitutional in case of Amanda Brigham v. State of Vermont. Now two years later, the state has made radical and sweeping changes in the form of The Equal Educational Opportunity Act of 1997 (Act 60). Act 60 has been greeted with a variety of responses by Vermont citizens and the media, being framed as a socialist plot to a much needed reform. In the wake of extensive criticisms of Act 60, a variety of modifications and alternate proposals have emerged. The objective of this study is to begin by asking the questions -- What has Act 60 accomplished so far? And what key issues are yet to be addressed? Among the key concerns is the way in which the question of taxpayer equity has been addressed by simply imposing a uniform statewide property tax rate. This study finds that while Act 60 has remedied some disparities in tax rates and per pupil spending, it has not remedied variance in...

Bruce D. Baker

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

A CHANDRA STUDY OF THE LARGE-SCALE SHOCK AND COOL FILAMENTS IN HYDRA A: EVIDENCE FOR SUBSTANTIAL GAS DREDGE-UP BY THE CENTRAL OUTBURST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the results of a Chandra study of the Hydra A galaxy cluster, where a powerful active galactic nucleus (AGN) outburst created a large-scale cocoon shock. We investigated possible azimuthal variations in shock strength and shape, finding indications for a weak shock with a Mach number in the range {approx}1.2-1.3. We measured the temperature change across the shock front. However, the detection of a temperature rise in the regions immediately inside of the front is complicated by the underlying temperature profile of the cluster atmosphere. We measured the global temperature profile of the cluster up to 700 kpc, which represents the farthest measurement obtained with Chandra for this cluster. A 'plateau' in the temperature profile in the range {approx}70-150 kpc indicates the presence of cool gas, which is likely the result of uplift of material by the AGN outburst. After masking the cool filaments visible in the hardness ratio map, the plateau disappears and the temperature profile recovers a typical shape with a peak around 190 kpc, just inside the shock front. However, it is unlikely that such a temperature feature is produced by the shock as it is consistent with the general shape of the temperature profiles observed for relaxed galaxy clusters. We studied the spectral properties of the cool filaments finding evidence that {approx}10{sup 11} M{sub sun} of low-entropy material has been dredged up by the rising lobes from the central 30 kpc to the observed current position of 75-150 kpc. The energy required to lift the cool gas is {approx}> 2.2 x 10{sup 60} erg, which is comparable to the work required to inflate the cavities and is {approx}25% of the total energy of the large-scale shock. Our results show that the AGN feedback in Hydra A is acting not only by directly heating the gas, but also by removing a substantial amount of potential fuel for the supermassive black hole.

Gitti, Myriam; Nulsen, Paul E. J.; David, Laurence P.; McNamara, Brian R. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Wise, Michael W. [ASTRON Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, P.O. Box 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo (Netherlands)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Substantially parallel flux uncluttered rotor machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A permanent magnet-less and brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by polyphase alternating currents. An uncluttered rotor is positioned within the magnetic rotating field and is spaced apart from the stator. An excitation core is spaced apart from the stator and the uncluttered rotor and magnetically couples the uncluttered rotor. The brushless excitation source generates a magnet torque by inducing magnetic poles near an outer peripheral surface of the uncluttered rotor, and the stator currents also generate a reluctance torque by a reaction of the difference between the direct and quadrature magnetic paths of the uncluttered rotor. The system can be used either as a motor or a generator

Hsu, John S.

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

58

SUBSTANTIALLY PARALLEL FLUX UNCLUTTERED ROTOR MACHINES ...  

The system can be used either as a motor or a generator: Inventors: Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN) Application Number: 12/ 466,169: Filed: May 14, 2009: Government ...

59

Opportunities to Substantially Increase Technology Transfer in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... be able to assist small businesses in securing state or ... plans are: DOE initiated a new program, America's Next Top Energy Innovator, that ...

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

60

REPRODUCTIVE ECOLOGY AND BODY BURDEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using a coffee blender (KitchenAid, model # BCG1000B1). Samples with particle sizes less than 150 lm

Love, Milton

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

DOE Comments Regulatory Burden RFI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These comments are submitted by Rheem Manufacturing Company in response to the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) notice appearing in the December 5, 2011 Federal Register requesting information on...

62

Introduction and Background Recent years have seen a substantial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Atmospheric Administration | National Marine Fisheries Service Update on NOAA Spending Plan to Support* $ 761K NEPA document development $ 491K $ 520K Dockside Monitoring $ 1.5M $ 660K At-Sea Monitors.0M $ 6.0M NMFS Costs Science (e.g., socio-economic research, $ 511K discard analysis) Data mgt

63

Uprates can increase U.S. nuclear capacity substantially without ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The electrical output of the nuclear power plant fleet can be increased either by constructing new plants or by 'uprating' operating plants.

64

Substantially Parallel Flux Uncluttered Rotor Machines (U-Machine ...  

Vehicles and Fuels Industrial Technologies Hydropower ... Auto manufacturers; Industrial motor/generator manufacturers; Patents and Patent Applications. ID Number.

65

Plausibility of Substantial Dry Adiabatic Subsidence in a Tornado Core  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The question of whether or not the cores of some tornadoes are significantly warmed above the moist adiabatic temperature of their parent Cb by dry adiabatic subsidence is discussed in terms of limited supporting evidence and scientific arguments ...

Robert L. Walko

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Cavitation contributes substantially to tensile creep in silicon nitride  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During tensile creep of a hot isostatically pressed (HIPed) silicon nitride, the volume fraction of cavities increases linearly with strain; these cavities produce nearly all of the measured strain. In contrast, compressive creep in the same stress and temperature range produces very little cavitation. A stress exponent that increases with stress ({dot {var_epsilon}} {proportional_to} {sigma}{sup n}, 2 < n < 7) characterizes the tensile creep response, while the compressive creep response exhibits a stress dependence of unity. Furthermore, under the same stress and temperature, the material creeps nearly 100 times faster in tension than in compression. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicates that the cavities formed during tensile creep occur in pockets of residual crystalline silicate phase located at silicon nitride multigrain junctions. Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) from crept material quantifies the size distribution of cavities observed in TEM and demonstrates that cavity addition, rather than cavity growth, dominates the cavitation process. These observations are in accord with a model for creep based on the deformation of granular materials in which the microstructure must dilate for individual grains t slide past one another. During tensile creep the silicon nitride grains remain rigid; cavitation in the multigrain junctions allows the silicate to flow from cavities to surrounding silicate pockets, allowing the dilation of the microstructure and deformation of the material. Silicon nitride grain boundary sliding accommodates this expansion and leads to extension of the specimen. In compression, where cavitation is suppressed, deformation occurs by solution-reprecipitation of silicon nitride.

Luecke, W.E.; Wiederhorn, S.M.; Hockey, B.J.; Krause, R.F. Jr.; Long, G.G. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

NREL Makes Substantial Progress in Developing CZTSe Solar Cells...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

non-toxic, Earth-abundant elements. Recently, NREL demonstrated an 8.4%-efficient CZTSe solar cell produced using commercially acceptable manufacturing techniques. Scientists...

68

Reduce Your Burden Use Magnesium Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Especially in transportation solutions have to be found to reduce the CO2 emissions drastically. This can be done when the weight of airplanes, cars and trucks...

69

Detroit Neighbourhood Stabilization: Burdens Become Assets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Detroit is just one example of a post-industrial city that has been struggling with the decline of the American industrial economy. In the past 100 (more)

Rutherford, Michael

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

NEMA Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) thanks you for the opportunity to provide comments on the Department of Energys efforts to make its regulatory program more effective and...

71

Reducing Regulatory Burden EO 13563 Third RFI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

As part of its implementation of Executive Order 13563, Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review, issued by the President on January 18, 2011, the Department of Energy (Department or DOE) is...

72

Sharing the Burden of GHG Reductions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The G8 countries propose a goal of a 50% reduction in global emissions by 2050, in an effort that needs to take account of other agreements specifying that developing countries are to be provided with incentives to action ...

Jacoby, Henry D.

73

Limitations imposed on fire PRA methods as the result of incomplete and uncertain fire event data.  

SciTech Connect

Fire probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methods utilize data and insights gained from actual fire events in a variety of ways. For example, fire occurrence frequencies, manual fire fighting effectiveness and timing, and the distribution of fire events by fire source and plant location are all based directly on the historical experience base. Other factors are either derived indirectly or supported qualitatively based on insights from the event data. These factors include the general nature and intensity of plant fires, insights into operator performance, and insights into fire growth and damage behaviors. This paper will discuss the potential methodology improvements that could be realized if more complete fire event reporting information were available. Areas that could benefit from more complete event reporting that will be discussed in the paper include fire event frequency analysis, analysis of fire detection and suppression system performance including incipient detection systems, analysis of manual fire fighting performance, treatment of fire growth from incipient stages to fully-involved fires, operator response to fire events, the impact of smoke on plant operations and equipment, and the impact of fire-induced cable failures on plant electrical circuits.

Nowlen, Steven Patrick; Hyslop, J. S. (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC)

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Isorotation and differential rotation in a magnetic mirror with imposed E Multiplication-Sign B rotation  

SciTech Connect

Doppler spectroscopy of helium impurities in the Maryland Centrifugal Experiment reveals the simultaneous existence of isorotating and differentially rotating magnetic surfaces. Differential rotation occurs at the innermost surfaces and is conjectured to cause plasma voltage oscillations of hundreds of kilohertz by periodically changing the current path inductance. High-speed images show the periodic expulsion of plasma near the mirror ends at the same frequencies. In spite of this, the critical ionization velocity limit is exceeded, with respect to the vacuum field definition, for at least 0.5 ms.

Romero-Talamas, C. A.; Elton, R. C.; Young, W. C.; Reid, R.; Ellis, R. F. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

Radiant cooling in US office buildings: Towards eliminating the perception of climate-imposed barriers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Much attention is being given to improving the efficiency of air-conditioning systems through the promotion of more efficient cooling technologies. One such alternative, radiant cooling, is the subject of this thesis. Performance information from Western European buildings equipped with radiant cooling systems indicates that these systems not only reduce the building energy consumption but also provide additional economic and comfort-related benefits. Their potential in other markets such as the US has been largely overlooked due to lack of practical demonstration, and to the absence of simulation tools capable of predicting system performance in different climates. This thesis describes the development of RADCOOL, a simulation tool that models thermal and moisture-related effects in spaces equipped with radiant cooling systems. The thesis then conducts the first in-depth investigation of the climate-related aspects of the performance of radiant cooling systems in office buildings. The results of the investigation show that a building equipped with a radiant cooling system can be operated in any US climate with small risk of condensation. For the office space examined in the thesis, employing a radiant cooling system instead of a traditional all-air system can save on average 30% of the energy consumption and 27% of the peak power demand due to space conditioning. The savings potential is climate-dependent, and is larger in retrofitted buildings than in new construction. This thesis demonstrates the high performance potential of radiant cooling systems across a broad range of US climates. It further discusses the economics governing the US air-conditioning market and identifies the type of policy interventions and other measures that could encourage the adoption of radiant cooling in this market.

Stetiu, C.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

An Investigation into the Spatial Variability of Near-Surface Air Temperatures in the Detroit, Michigan, Metropolitan Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On an annual basis, heat is the chief cause of weather-related deaths in the United States. Therefore, understanding the temperature structure where people live is important for reducing the health burden imposed by hot weather. This study focused ...

Evan M. Oswald; Richard B. Rood; Kai Zhang; Carina J. Gronlund; Marie S. ONeill; Jalonne L. White-Newsome; Shannon J. Brines; Daniel G. Brown

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Actinide minimization using pressurized water reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transuranic actinides dominate the long-term radiotoxity in spent LWR fuel. In an open fuel cycle, they impose a long-term burden on geologic repositories. Transmuting these materials in reactor systems is one way to ease ...

Visosky, Mark Michael

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

A study on power assists for bicycle rickshaws in India, including fabrication of test apparatus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bicycle rickshaws impose significant physical burdens on their drivers. Used throughout India for transportation, these rickshaws are not designed for driver comfort and safety. Instead, traditional rickshaws are only ...

Hickman, Madeline R. (Madeline Ruth)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

AvAilAble for licensing Provides substantial improvement in heat transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

towers and more Cooling of power and microelectronics Refrigeration and other cooling systems Nuclear for commercial and industrial heat-transfer applications. Benefits More efficient cooling systems Higher productivity Energy savings Applications and Industries Heat exchangers for engines, fuel cells, cooling

Kemner, Ken

80

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Impact on society: Sustainable energy supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Sustainable energy supply Introduction Biomass (wood, energy crops, by-products and organic waste from as the energy carrier biomass can be converted into power, heating and biofuels, for example bioethanol, biomass can be stored and thereby used at times which suit the energy system. Biomass is also an important

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

"Nuclear Energy - Potential to Substantially Impact California's Energy Use"  

SciTech Connect

The use of nuclear power to generate electricity is very widespread today, with about 20% of all U.S. electricity coming from the nation's 103 operating reactors. Worldwide there are over 400 commercial nuclear plants that make a similar contribution percentage-wise. However, all of the current U.S. reactors and most of those elsewhere are relatively old, with no new ones having been started domestically in over two decades and only a few now being built overseas, mostly in Asia. The principal reason for this hiatus in the U.S. is that the cost of electricity from new nuclear plants has been non-competitive with other electricity sources for a long time. The U.S. nuclear-power industry has not been stagnant during this time, however. First, the existing plants themselves are running significantly better than they were twenty years ago, to the extent that the US. reactor fleet is producing about one-third more electricity annually than it was, due largely to improvements in the capacity factors: the plants run more reliably, shut down less often, and the refueling outages take less than half as long as they once did. The safety performance has also improved dramatically, with major improvements in every one of the main indicators of safety. The security of the plants against sabotage or other malevolent acts has always been very strong, and is stronger still after recent upgrades in response to the September 2001 attacks in New York and Washington. Thus the U.S. nuclear-electricity industry has remained dynamic despite the absence of new construction. The U.S. and foreign companies that design reactors and hope someday to sell more of them have also been actively at work--they have developed advanced reactor designs that promise to cost much less to build and to operate, and to have even better safety performance. Several of these advanced designs have received design-certification approvals from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, meaning that a utility could order one of these certified designs today with confidence that the NRC approval of that design is already in place. These new reactor designs are advanced versions of the existing reactors: broadly similar in their design concept but incorporating important new safety and reliability features and cost-saving features. The term ''evolutionary'' is used to describe these designs, in contrast to several advanced reactor designs whose engineering concepts are very different.

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Evaluation of mobile services and substantial adoption factors with Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emergence of new technological innovations in networks, platforms, and applications has enabled service providers to gain back their massive investment in their infrastructures. However, due to lagging adoption, many service innovations have failed to ... Keywords: Adoption factors, Analytic Hierarchy Process, Mobile service categories, Mobile services, Service adoption

Shahrokh Nikou, Jzsef Mezei

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Tritium containing polymers having a polymer backbone substantially void of tritium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radioluminescent light source comprises a solid mixture of a phosphorescent substance and a tritiated polymer. The solid mixture forms a solid mass having length, width, and thickness dimensions, and is capable of self-support. In one aspect of the invention, the phosphorescent substance comprises solid phosphor particles supported or surrounded within a solid matrix by a tritium containing polymer. The tritium containing polymer comprises a polymer backbone which is essentially void of tritium.

Jensen, George A. (Richland, WA); Nelson, David A. (Richland, WA); Molton, Peter M. (Richland, WA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Tritium containing polymers having a polymer backbone substantially void of tritium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radioluminescent light source comprises a solid mixture of a phosphorescent substance and a tritiated polymer. The solid mixture forms a solid mass having length, width, and thickness dimensions, and is capable of self-support. In one aspect of the invention, the phosphorescent substance comprises solid phosphor particles supported or surrounded within a solid matrix by a tritium containing polymer. The tritium containing polymer comprises a polymer backbone which is essentially void of tritium. 2 figs.

Jensen, G.A.; Nelson, D.A.; Molton, P.M.

1992-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

85

Climatic Influence of Sea Surface Temperature: Evidence of Substantial Precipitation Correlation and Predictability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a combination of statistical methods and monthly SST anomalies (SSTAs) from one or two ocean regions, relatively strong SSTAprecipitation relationships are found during much of the year in the United States: hindcast-bias-corrected ...

Gregory R. Markowski; Gerald R. North

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Substantiation of Thermodynamic Criteria of Explosion Safety in Process of Severe Accidents in Pressure Vessel Reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper represents original development of thermodynamic criteria of occurrence conditions of steam-gas explosions in the process of severe accidents. The received results can be used for modelling of processes of severe accidents in pressure vessel reactors.

Skalozubov, V I; Jarovoj, S S; Kochnyeva, V Yu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Substantiation of Thermodynamic Criteria of Explosion Safety in Process of Severe Accidents in Pressure Vessel Reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper represents original development of thermodynamic criteria of occurrence conditions of steam-gas explosions in the process of severe accidents. The received results can be used for modelling of processes of severe accidents in pressure vessel reactors.

V. I. Skalozubov; V. N. Vashchenko; S. S. Jarovoj; V. Yu. Kochnyeva

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

88

Agile development: issues and avenues requiring a substantial enhancement of the business perspective in large projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale projects, are often delivering low value software to businesses due to stakeholders' misunderstanding. Evolutionary software development represents an alternative to plan-driven development in order to tackle today's turbulent environments. ... Keywords: agile development, decision making, goal oriented approaches, project management, requirements engineering, scrum and business modeling, software valuation

Oualid Ktata; Ghislain Lvesque

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

NREL Makes Substantial Progress in Developing CZTSe Solar Cells (Fact Sheet) (Revised)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

By defining the deposition process, NREL has significantly improved the conversion efficiency of CZTSe solar cells.

Not Available

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Colorado School of Mines 11 and is sure to attract substantially more  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D minor in high performance computing; the continued development of an existing five-year BS/MS program programs in high performance computing, as well as hands-on learning opportunities, to colleges to create a high performance computing center dedicated to energy-related science. Called the Golden Energy

91

Our top priority: expanded electrification will substantially reduce oil use while propelling economic recovery  

SciTech Connect

Benefits resulting from increased use of electricity are discussed. Unique qualifications and benefits of increased use of electricity are documented in the areas of: conservation of energy, as a whole, and reduction of oil use; low energy costs in contrast to 7 to 15 times higher energy costs for imported oil; pacing of economic growth and job creation; greater national security, through lessened dependence on overseas oil; protection of the environment and better quality of life - working as well as residential; decreasing inflation, higher productivity, and a stronger dollar. It is suggested that electricity has been denied the recognition it deserves, the implementation of which would be the most constructive step possible toward approaching the goals of sustained economic and human progress, not only for Canada, the United States, and the other industrialized nations, but also for the entire world. (MCW)

Felix, F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Substantially isotactic, linear, alternating copolymers of carbon monoxide and an olefin  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The compound, [Pd(Me-DUPHOS)(MeCN){sub 2}](BF{sub 4}){sub 2}, [Me-DUPHOS: 1,2-bis(2,5-dimethylphospholano)benzene] is an effective catalyst for the highly enantioselective, alternating copolymerization of olefins, such as aliphatic {alpha}-olefins, with carbon monoxide to form optically active, isotactic polymers which can serve as excellent starting materials for the synthesis of other classes of chiral polymers. For example, the complete reduction of a propylene-carbon monoxide copolymer resulted in the formation of a novel, optically active poly(1,4-alcohol). Also, the previously described catalyst is a catalyst for the novel alternating isomerization cooligomerization of 2-butene with carbon monoxide to form optically active, isotactic poly(1,5-ketone).

Sen, A.; Jiang, Z.

1996-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

93

Substantially isotactic, linear, alternating copolymers of carbon monoxide and an olefin  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The compound, [Pd(Me-DUPHOS)(MeCN).sub.2 ](BF.sub.4).sub.2, [Me-DUPHOS: 1,2-bis(2,5-dimethylphospholano)benzene] is an effective catalyst for the highly enantioselective, alternating copolymerization of olefins, such as aliphatic .alpha.-olefins, with carbon monoxide to form optically active, isotactic polymers which can serve as excellent starting materials for the synthesis of other classes of chiral polymers. For example, the complete reduction of a propylene-carbon monoxide copolymer resulted in the formation of a novel, optically active poly(1,4-alcohol). Also, the previously described catalyst is a catalyst for the novel alternating isomerization cooligomerization of 2-butene with carbon monoxide to form optically active, isotactic poly(1,5-ketone)

Sen, Ayusman (State College, PA); Jiang, Zhaozhong (State College, PA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Process for forming one or more substantially pure layers in substrate material using ion implantation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The method comprises selecting an implantable element and a substrate material to be implanted which, at the implant/anneal temperatures, have limited mutual solubility and have no intermediate phases formed. In an example, Be is implanted with 11 {times}10{sup 17} Al/cm{sup 2} at 200 keV and then annealed for 1 h at 500 C. Rutherford backscattering shows that layer formation occurred during the anneal. SEM shows rectangular Be defects in the Al layer. Other examples of implantable elements and suitable substrate materials are tabulated. 6 figs, 1 table. (DLC)

Musket, R.G.; Brown, D.W.; Munir, Z.A.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

95

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Wind energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and issue concern the development of load profiles, reliability, safety and design methods enabling the up supply approx. 20% of the electricity consumption in the Danish energy system. Hence wind energy the numerical wind tunnel and analysis and design tools for simulating dynamic response, stability

96

Scientific substantiation of safe operation of the Earthen Dams at the Votkinsk HPP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over a period of 15 years, coworkers of the B. E. Vedeneev Scientific-Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering have conducted scientific accompaniment of the operation of the earthen dams at the Votkinsk HPP. During that time, basic performance characteristics associated with complex hydrogeologic and hydrochemical conditions, and the forms of their unfavorable manifestations influencing the reliability and safety of the structures were revealed, and, recommendations and measures were developed for their elimination.

Deev, A. P.; Fisenko, V. F. [Votkinsk HPP Branch of the JSC 'RusGidro,' Chaikovskii (Russian Federation); Sol'skii, S. V.; Lopatina, M. G.; Gints, A. V.; Aref'eva, A. N. [JSC 'VNIIG im. B. E. Vedeneeva', Branch of JSC 'RusGidro' (Russian Federation)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

n the United States, utility industry forces are driving substantial changes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and modeling, distributed energy resources and consumer portal projects. The GridWiseTM Alliance is pro been the case. RecenT DeveLopMenTS Intelligent grid or smart grid strategies are emerging models required to manage IUN investments; · More real-time grid observability smart sensors, monitors

98

Polar lakes are remote and in climatically challenging envi-ronments. As such, they impose major logistic constraints in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the Law of the Sea in its mandate to the International Seabed Authority to administer the exploitation of the mineral resources in the global seabed beyond national jurisdiction "for the benefit of mankind" (46

Crout, Neil

99

Suppression of Turbulence by Self-Generated and Imposed Mean Flows M. G. Shats,* H. Xia, and H. Punzmann  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Punzmann Plasma Research Laboratory, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Australian in magnetized plasma research, since it offers a very effective method of turbulence control [13

Falkovich, Gregory

100

The effects of imposed stratospheric cooling on the maximum intensity of tropical cyclones in axisymmetric radiative-convective equilibrium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of stratospheric cooling and sea surface temperature (SST) warming on tropical cyclone (TC) potential intensity (PI) are explored using an axisymmetric cloud-resolving model run to radiative-convective equilibrium (RCE). Almost all ...

Hamish A. Ramsay

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Abstract--Transmission expansion in fast growing economies imposes severe challenges to electricity markets, given the need  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and persistent increases in the per capita energy consumption bring about high electricity load growth rates of uncertainty in load growth and generation expansion, coupled to the arrival of distributed renewable energy, and problems currently faced by different stakeholders. Renewable energy projects have experienced

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

102

Influence of track conditions and wheel wear state on the loads imposed on the infrastructure by railway vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowadays, one of the most sensible issues in the railway industry is the damage on vehicles caused by the track conditions and the infrastructure deterioration due to the trains' passage. Therefore, it is essential to acquire a better understanding on ... Keywords: Railway dynamics, Track irregularities, Vehicle-track interaction, Wheel profiles wear, Wheel-rail contact

J. Pombo; J. AmbrSio; M. Pereira; R. Verardi; C. Ariaudo; N. Kuka

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A Method for Imposing Surface Stress and Heat Flux Conditions in Finite-Difference Models with Steep Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical implementation of the surface stress boundary condition is presented for finite-difference models in which the terrain slope and curvature cannot necessarily be considered small. The method involves reducing the discretized stress ...

C. C. Epifanio

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Clean air amendments put big burden on refinery planners  

SciTech Connect

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 will not only require the production of reformulated gasoline but also have significant impact on other refinery-related construction. This must be considered when developing sound planning strategy. The three titles of the Clean Air Act Amendments that will have the greatest effect on refining are: Title I: Nonattainment; Title III: Air toxics; Title V: Permitting. To understand the ramifications of these amendments, it is necessary to review the interactions of new requirements with the permitting and construction schedule shown.

Scherr, R.C.; Smalley, G.A. Jr.; Norman, M.E. (ENSR Consulting and Engineering, Houston, TX (US))

1991-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

105

Form EIA-861S Year: 2013 0129 Burden: .75 Hours  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

electric power industry and to evaluate the future of the industry . ... tariff arrangements permit a facility, generating electricity from a renewable resource,

106

The burden of behavioral emergencies: need for specialist ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 8, 2010 ... In addition, training ..... literature, systematic reviews of the Cochrane Collabora- ... least paternalistic or aggressive approaches like verbal.

107

Regulatory Burden RFI from Bodine Electric Company | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on unnecessarily burdensome regulations involving Energy Conservation Standards for Small Electric Vehicles. Bodine Electric Company Comment.PDF More Documents & Publications...

108

DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

if their product or equipment cannot be tested under the DOE test procedure, or if testing under the DOE test procedure would evaluate the product or equipment in a manner...

109

FINAL CA IOU Comment Letter RFI Regulatory Burden  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This letter comprises the comments of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), Southern California Gas Company (SCGC), San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E), and Southern California Edison...

110

Screening-Level Environmental Burden Assessments for Metals Use ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For this study, metrics for global resource consumption, ecological and human ... consider the ratio of PWB metal usage relative to world metal reserve statistics. ... Designing Crushing and Grinding Circuits for Improved Energy Efficiency.

111

Job Access, Commute, and Travel Burden Among Welfare Recipients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Single Mothers after AFDC? Focus, 17(2), pp. 13-15.access on commute distance among AFDC recipients and furtherlabor market where most AFDC recipients are located. Given

Ong, Paul M.; Blumenberg, Evelyn

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

The Social Burden of Weather and Climate Hazards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Socioeconomic vulnerabilities and impacts associated with weather and climate hazards in the United states are assessed. Trends in deaths and economic losses resulting from tornadoes, tropical storms and hurricanes, and floods (including flash ...

William E. Riebsame; Martin Price; Henry F. Diaz; Todd Moses

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Contribution of maternal radionuclide burdens to prenatal radiation doses  

SciTech Connect

This report describes approaches to calculating and expressing radiation doses to the embryo/fetus from internal radionuclides. Information was obtained for selected, occupationally significant radioelements that provide a spectrum of metabolic and dosimetric characteristics. Evaluations are also presented for inhaled inert gases and for selected radiopharmaceuticals. Fractional placental transfer and/or ratios of concentration in the embryo/fetus to that in the woman were calculated for these materials. The ratios were integrated with data from biokinetic transfer models to estimate radioactivity levels in the embryo/fetus as a function of stage of pregnancy and time after entry into the transfer compartment or blood of the pregnant woman. These results are given as tables of deposition and retention in the embryo/fetus as a function of gestational age at exposure and elapsed time following exposure. Methodologies described by MIRD were extended to formalize and describe details for calculating radiation absorbed doses to the embryo/fetus. Calculations were performed using a model situation that assumed a single injection of 1 {mu}Ci into a woman`s blood; independent calculations were performed for administration at successive months of pregnancy. Gestational -stage-dependent dosimetric tabulations are given together with tables of correlations and relationships. Generalized surrogate dose factors and categorizations are provided in the report to provide for use in operational radiological protection situations. These approaches to calculation yield radiation absorbed doses that can be converted to dose equivalent by multiplication by quality factor. Dose equivalent is the most common quantity for stating prenatal dose limits in the United States and is appropriate for the types of effect that are usually associated with prenatal exposure. If it is desired to obtain alternatives for other purposes, this value can be multiplied by appropriate weighting factors.

Sikov, M.R.; Hui, T.E.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Mathematical Modeling of Burden Distribution in a Blast Furnace  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of Residence Time Distribution (RTD) of Fluid Flows in a Four Strand Delta-shaped Tundish Operating Under Isothermal and Non-isothermal...

115

Reducing Regulatory Burden EO 13563 Third RFI Comment Extension  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This notice announces that the period for submitting comments on the Department of Energys (DOE) request for information (RFI) issued as part of its implementation of Executive Order 13563, ...

116

CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS PLANS for Phase I the INTERNATIONAL PILOT FOR Global Radiological source SORTING, Tracking, AND MONITORING (GradSStraM) Using eMERGING RFID AND WEB 2.0 TECHNOLOGIES TO PROVIDE TOTAL ASSET AND INFORMATION VISUALIZATIONA United states- European Union Lighthouse Priority Project for fostering trade and reducing regulatory burden  

SciTech Connect

Thousands of shipments of radioisotopes developed in the United States (US) are transported domestically and internationally for medical and industrial applications, including to partner laboratories in European Union (EU) countries. Over the past five years, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Department of Energy (DOE), and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have worked with state regulatory compliance personnel, key private sector shippers and carriers, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Department of Transportation (DOT), the Department of Defense (DoD) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tracking and monitoring of medical and industrial radioisotopes in commerce. The EPA Radiological Source Tracking and Monitoring (RadSTraM) project tested, evaluated, and integrated RFID technologies in laboratory settings, and at multiple private-sector shipping and distribution facilities (Perkin Elmer and DHL) using common radioisotopes used in everyday commerce. The RFID tracking was also tested in association with other deployed technologies including radiation detection, chemical/explosives detection, advanced imaging, lasers, and infrared scanning. At the 2007 EU-US Summit, the leaders of the US Department of Commerce (DOC) and EU European Commission (EC) committed to pursue jointly directed Lighthouse Priority Projects. These projects are intended to 'foster cooperation' and 'reduce regulatory burdens' with respect to transatlantic commerce. The Transatlantic Economic Council (TEC) Lighthouse Project on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) has been directed to 'develop a joint framework for cooperation on identification and development of best practices for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technologies.' The RFID Lighthouse Priority Project commits both sides to endeavor to align U.S. and EU regulatory and policy approaches on RFID technologies, including pilot projects in the public sector. The RadSTraM project was specifically cited as a candidate for a RFID Lighthouse Project by the EU/DOC collaboration in meeting their mutual goal of developing a 'joint framework for cooperation on identification and development of best practices for RFID technologies.' Concurrently, the Universal Postal Union (UPU) identified this project as a candidate for radioisotope packages shipped by the postal service between the United State Postal Service (USPS). and European Post Agencies.

Walker, Randy M [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

91 Federal Register 91 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 151 / Friday, August 6, 2010 / Notices correction mechanism ensures the accuracy of the Inventory without imposing an unreasonable burden on the chemical industry. Without the Inventory correction mechanism, a company that submitted incorrect information would have to file a pre- manufacture notification (PMN) under TSCA section 5 to place the correct chemical substance on the Inventory whenever the previously reported substance is found to be misidentified. This would impose a much greater burden on both EPA and the submitter than the existing correction mechanism. This information collection applies to reporting and recordkeeping activities associated with the correction of misreported chemical substances found

118

The Time Cost of Tornado Warnings and the Savings with Storm-Based Warnings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors examine the cost of time spent under tornado warnings issued annually by the National Weather Service (NWS). County-based tornado warnings imposed substantial costs on the nation: an average of 234 million person-hours spent under ...

Daniel Sutter; Somer Erickson

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Cost analysis and policy implications in psychiatric care.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The economic burden of mental health constitutes a substantial part of the total costs of illnesses. Most estimates of cost-of-illness focus on somatic illnesses and (more)

Tiainen, Anne

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Combined inactivation of the Clostridium cellulolyticum lactate and malate dehydrogenase genes substantially increases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrass fermentations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

feedstock on earth for biofuel production [1]. However, the economic feasibility and sustainability of cellulosic

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Combined inactivation of the Clostridium cellulolyticum lactate and malate dehydrogenase genes substantially increases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrass fermentations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

feedstock on earth for biofuel production [1]. However, therequired to enhance biofuel production. Rational metabolic

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Combined inactivation of the Clostridium cellulolyticum lactate and malate dehydrogenase genes substantially increases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrass fermentations  

SciTech Connect

Background: The model bacterium Clostridium cellulolyticum efficiently hydrolyzes crystalline cellulose and hemicellulose, using cellulosomes to degrade lignocellulosic biomass. Although it imports and ferments both pentose and hexose sugars to produce a mixture of ethanol, acetate, lactate, H2 and CO2, the proportion of ethanol is low, which impedes its use in consolidated bioprocessing for biofuels. Therefore genetic engineering will likely be required to improve the ethanol yield. Random mutagenesis, plasmid transformation, and heterologous expression systems have previously been developed for C. cellulolyticum, but targeted mutagenesis has not been reported for this organism. Results: The first targeted gene inactivation system was developed for C. cellulolyticum, based on a mobile group II intron originating from the Lactococcus lactis L1.LtrB intron. This markerless mutagenesis system was used to disrupt both the paralogous L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ccel_2485; ldh) and L-malate dehydrogenase (Ccel_0137; mdh) genes, distinguishing the overlapping substrate specificities of these enzymes. Both mutations were then combined in a single strain. This double mutant produced 8.5-times more ethanol than wild-type cells growing on crystalline cellulose. Ethanol constituted 93% of the major fermentation products (by molarity), corresponding to a molar ratio of ethanol to organic acids of 15, versus 0.18 in wild-type cells. During growth on acid-pretreated switchgrass, the double mutant also produced four-times as much ethanol as wild-type cells. Detailed metabolomic analyses identified increased flux through the oxidative branch of the mutant s TCA pathway. Conclusions: The efficient intron-based gene inactivation system produced the first gene-targeted mutations in C. cellulolyticum. As a key component of the genetic toolbox for this bacterium, markerless targeted mutagenesis enables functional genomic research in C. cellulolyticum and rapid genetic engineering to significantly alter the mixture of fermentation products. The initial application of this system successfully engineered a strain with high ethanol productivity from complex biomass substrates.

Li, Yongchao [ORNL; Tschaplinski, Timothy J [ORNL; Engle, Nancy L [ORNL; Hamilton, Choo Yieng [ORNL; Rodriguez, Jr., Miguel [ORNL; Liao, James C [ORNL; Schadt, Christopher Warren [ORNL; Guss, Adam M [ORNL; Yang, Yunfeng [ORNL; Graham, David E [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

An experimental investigation of an air cooling scheme for removing environmentally imposed heat loads from the multiplicity and vertex detector`s main enclosure  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a summary of an experimental investigation of a closed loop air cooling system designed to control the temperature and humidity in the main enclosure of the multiplicity and vertex detector (MVD). Measurements of the cooling air flow rate, the humidity levels inside and outside of the MVD, and the cooling air temperatures were used to assess the performance of the system and to characterize the system limitations and potential assembly problems. The results of the study indicate that several design changes are needed in the final design to meet the temperature and humidity operating requirements. A thorough set of design change recommendations that satisfy these operating criteria completes this report.

Cunningham, R.; Bernardin, J.D.; Simon-Gillo, J.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Tolerance of Three-Stage CIGS Deposition to Variations Imposed by Roll-to-Roll Processing: Phase I Annual Report, May 2002--May 2003  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Global Solar Energy, Inc. (GSE) and subcontractor ITN Energy Systems, Inc. (ITN) are addressing process tolerance issues in this program. The definition and resolution of process tolerance issues satisfy many of the goals of the Thin Film Photovoltaics Partnership Program (TFPPP). First, the investigation is likely to identify acceptable ranges for critical deposition parameters. This will have the benefit of providing upper and lower control limits for in-situ process-monitoring components, thus increasing average efficiency, as well as yield of product. Second, the exploration may uncover insensitivities to some processing procedures, allowing manufacture of modules at increased throughput and decreased cost. The exploration allows a quantitative evaluation of the trade-offs between performance, throughput, and costs. Third, the proposed program also satifies the TFPPP goal of establishing a wider research and development base for higher-efficiency processing. Fourth, the acquisition of data defining sensitivity to processing has important implications for the required accuracy of process sensors and control. Finally, the program helps the photovoltaic community advance toward a better understanding of CIGS growth, which is a longer-term goal of the TFPPP.

Beck, M. E.; Repins, I. L.

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Tolerance of Three-Stage CIGS Deposition to Variations Imposed by Roll-to-Roll Processing: Phase II Annual Report, May 2003--May 2004  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global Solar Energy, Inc. (GSE) and lower-tier subcontractor ITN Energy Systems, Inc. (ITN) are addressing process tolerance issues in this program. The definition and resolution of process tolerance issues satisfy many of the goals of the Thin Film Photovoltaics Partnerships Program (TFPPP). First, the investigation is likely to identify acceptable ranges for critical deposition parameters. This will have the benefit of providing upper and lower control limits for in-situ process monitoring components, thus increasing average efficiency as well as yield of product. Second, the exploration may uncover insensitivities to some processing procedures, allowing manufacture of modules at increased throughput and decreased cost. The exploration allows a quantitative evaluation of the trade-offs between performance, throughput, and costs. Third, the proposed program also satisfies the TFPPP goal of establishing a wider research and development base for higher-efficiency processing. Four th, the acquisition of data defining sensitivity to processing has important implications for the required accuracy of process sensors and control. Finally, the program helps the photovoltaic community advance toward a better understanding of CIGS growth, a longer-term goal of the TFPPP.

Beck, M. E.; Repins, I. L.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

A Simpler, Smarter and More Cost Effective Approach to Regulation |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Simpler, Smarter and More Cost Effective Approach to Regulation A Simpler, Smarter and More Cost Effective Approach to Regulation A Simpler, Smarter and More Cost Effective Approach to Regulation May 26, 2011 - 9:17am Addthis Sean Lev Sean Lev Acting General Counsel & Deputy General Counsel, Environment & Nuclear Programs What does this mean for me? The Department projects a more than 90% reduction in the paperwork burden imposed on recipients of the Department of Energy's financial assistance. The Department is also working to reduce testing burdens. No one likes the burden of paperwork or the headache of navigating a 20-step process just to get an application completed. Earlier this year, President Obama outlined the creation of a 21st-century regulatory system to reduce burdens for American businesses and consumers

127

Final Letter to DOE Regulatory Burden 9_7_2012.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE STEVE NARDELLA President (Winchester Homes Inc.) RICK BAILEY Vice President/Calvert Co. (Marrick Properties) DOUG MEEKER Vice President/Charles Co. (Elm Street Development) ROBERT J. SPALDING Vice President/Mont. Co. (Miller & Smith Homes) HILLARY P.COLT Vice President/Prince George's Co. (Konterra) MIKE MUMMAUGH Vice President/St. Mary's Co. (Paragon Properties Inc.) BRIAN "A.J." JACKSON Vice President/Washington DC (EYA, LLC) FRANK BOSSONG, IV, P.E Associate Vice President (Rodgers Consulting Inc.) CLARK WAGNER Treasurer (Bozzuto Homes) DAVE LUNDEN Vice President, State Legis./Secretary (Timberlake Homes, Inc.) ROBERT R. HARRIS Life Director (Lerch, Early & Brewer Chtd.) MARTY MITCHELL Immediate Past President

128

Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is submitting these comments in response to the above-referenced request for information (RFI) issued by the Department of Energy (DOE). In the RFI, DOE is again...

129

Comment On: DOE-HQ-2011-0014-0001 Reducing Regulatory Burden...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hussmann manufacturer of commercial refrigeration products, appreciates the opportunity to comment on the Department of Energy's Request for Comments on the topic of the Regulatory...

130

Changes in the Global Sulfate Burden due to Perturbations in Global CO2 Concentrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large ensemble of general circulation model (GCM) integrations coupled to a fully interactive sulfur cycle scheme were run on the climateprediction.net platform to investigate the uncertainty in the climate response to sulfate aerosol and ...

Duncan Ackerley; Eleanor J. Highwood; David J. Frame; Ben B. B. Booth

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Regulatory Burden RFI: Revitalization of DOE's Role as a Regulatory Watchdog  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Memorandum serves as an Executive Summary of Center for Regulatory Effectiveness (CREs) attached comments highlighting four issues:

132

Control of Cyst Burden in the Brain During Chronic Toxoplasma Gondii Infection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Infect Immun 76, 4883-4894. Mendis, D.B. , and Brown, I.R. (absent from the cortex (Mendis and Brown, 1994). To confirm

Nance, John Philip

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) Regulatory Burden RFI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) notice in the August 8, 2012 Federal Register...

134

Radiation exposure liability : the burden of responsibility and compensation in civilian and military nuclear ventures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since Enrico Fermi first discovered that neutrons could split atoms in 1934, peaceful and militaristic uses of nuclear energy have become prevalent in our society. Two case studies, Three Mile Island and the Nevada Test ...

Flores, Jessica (Jessica Alejandro)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

The Yellow Man's Burden : : The Politics of Settler Colonialism in Hokkaid? and Taiwan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Japanese government's white paper on Japan's economyan apologetic logic in a white paper that he published whenThe introduction to the white paper starts this way: Since

Sugimoto, Tomonori

136

Sharing the burden of climate change stabilization: An energy sector perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

natural gas, nuclear power and biomass fuels (IPCC, 1999); in addition, we include electricity generation

Wagner, Fabian; Sathaye, Jayant

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Beef of Burden? : An investigation of attitudes towards beef consumption among Norwegian consumers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis set out to investigate Norwegians attitudes towards beef consumption. UNEP calls for a worldwide dietary change, away from animal products. Still, the Norwegian (more)

Bellika, Siri Karlsen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Sharing the burden of climate change stabilization: An energy sector perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by assuming a maximum decommissioning rate of 30 percent oftarget, higher maximum decommissioning rates, higher stockassumptions on technology decommissioning rates and also the

Wagner, Fabian; Sathaye, Jayant

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Sharing the burden of climate change stabilization: An energy sector perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diesel Nat. Gas Nuclear Hydroelectric. Biomass Wind Solar (electricity generation from hydroelectric power plants, windWe also observe more hydroelectric power being used in the

Wagner, Fabian; Sathaye, Jayant

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 76 Fed. Reg. 75798 (Dec. 5, 2011)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is submitting these comments in response to the above-referenced request for information (RFI) issued by the Department of Energy (DOE).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Expiration Date: 12/31/20XX Version No.: 20XX.01 Burden: 12.0 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Secure File Transfer: 1. Yes If yes, how many vehicles in your company's fleet are powered by alternative fuels? ... Heat content of gas delivered to consumers (Btu/cf)

142

Sharing the burden of climate change stabilization: An energy sector perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regional, and National Fossil Fuel CO 2 Emissions. Inentirely on emissions from fossil fuel consumption, that is,reducing emissions from fossil fuel consumption. Moreover,

Wagner, Fabian; Sathaye, Jayant

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Regulatory Design for RES-E Support Mechanisms: Learning Curves, Market Structure, and Burden-Sharing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drawing from relevant experiences in power systems around the world, this paper offers a critical review of existing policy support mechanisms for RES-E (renewable energy sources for electricity), with a detailed analysis ...

Batlle, Carlos

144

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Burden in California and Southern California, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data Source: 2011 California Behavioral Risk Factorthe University of California, or collaborating organizationsfunders. Endnotes State of California Department of Public

Meng, Ying-Ying; Pickett, Melissa C.; Induni, Marta; Ryan-Ibarra, Suzanne

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Biominetic Membrane for Co2 Capture from Flue Gas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biomimetic Membrane for CO Biomimetic Membrane for CO 2 Capture from Flue Gas Background Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) is a three-step process including capture, pipeline transport, and geologic storage of which the capture of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is the most costly and technically challenging. Current available methods impose significant energy burdens that severely impact their overall effectiveness as a significant deployment option. Of the available capture technologies for post

146

Strategies for recycling CdTe photovoltaic modules  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recycling end-of-life cadmium telluride (CdTe) photovoltaic (PV) modules may enhance the competitive advantage of CdTe PV in the marketplace, but the experiences of industries with comparable Environmental, Health and Safety (EH&S) challenges suggest that collection and recycling costs can impose significant economic burdens. Customer cooperation and pending changes to US Federal law may improve recycling economics.

Eberspacher, C.; Gay, C.F. [UNISUN, Newbury Park, CA. (United States); Moskowitz, P.D. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

147

CO2 Capture and Regeneration at Low Temperatures: Novel Non-Aqueous CO2 Solvents and Capture Process with Substantially Reduced Energy Penalties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

IMPACCT Project: RTI is developing a solvent and process that could significantly reduce the temperature associated with regenerating solvent and CO2 captured from the exhaust gas of coal-fired power plants. Traditional CO2 removal processes using water-based solvents require significant amount of steam from power plants in order to regenerate the solvent so it can be reused after each reaction. RTIs solvents can be better at absorbing CO2 than many water-based solvents, and are regenerated at lower temperatures using less steam. Thus, industrial heat that is normally too cool to re-use can be deployed for regeneration, rather than using high-value steam. This saves the power plant money, which results in increased cost savings for consumers.

None

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Substantial Variability Exists in Utilities' Nuclear Decommissioning Funding Adequacy: Baseline Trends (1997-2001); and Scenario and Sensitivity Analyses (Year 2001)  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores the trends over 1997-2001 in my baseline simulation analysis of the sufficiency of electric utilities' funds to eventually decommission the nation's nuclear power plants. Further, for 2001, I describe the utilities' funding adequacy results obtained using scenario and sensitivity analyses, respectively. In this paper, I focus more on the wide variability observed in these adequacy measures among utilities than on the results for the ''average'' utility in the nuclear industry. Only individual utilities, not average utilities -- often used by the nuclear industry to represent its funding adequacy -- will decommission their nuclear plants. Industry-wide results tend to mask the varied results for individual utilities. This paper shows that over 1997-2001, the variability of my baseline decommissioning funding adequacy measures (in percentages) for both utility fund balances and current contributions has remained very large, reflected in the sizable ranges and frequency distributions of these percentages. The relevance of this variability for nuclear decommissioning funding adequacy is, of course, focused more on those utilities that show below ideal balances and contribution levels. Looking backward, 42 of 67 utility fund (available) balances, in 2001, were above (and 25 below) their ideal baseline levels; in 1997, 42 of 76 were above (and 34 below) ideal levels. Of these, many utility balances were far above, and many far below, such ideal levels. The problem of certain utilities continuing to show balances much below ideal persists even with increases in the adequacy of ''average'' utility balances.

Williams, D. G.

2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

149

Negotiating equity for management of DOE wastes  

SciTech Connect

One important factor frustrating optimal management of Department of Energy (DOE)-complex wastes is the inability to use licensed and permitted facilities systematically. Achieving the goal of optimal use of DOE`s waste management facilities is politically problematic for two reasons. First, no locale wants to bear a disproportionate burden from DOE wastes. Second, the burden imposed by additional wastes transported from one site to another is difficult to characterize. To develop a viable framework for equitably distributing these burdens while achieving efficient use of all DOE waste management facilities, several implementation and equity issues must be addressed and resolved. This paper discusses stakeholder and equity issues and proposes a framework for joint research and action that could facilitate equity negotiations among stakeholder and move toward a more optimal use of DOE`s waste management capabilities.

Carnes, S.A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Negotiating equity for management of DOE wastes  

SciTech Connect

One important factor frustrating optimal management of DOE-complex wastes is inability to use licensed and permitted facilities systematically. Achieving the goal of optimal use of DOE`s waste management facilities is politically problematic for two reasons. First, no locale wants to bear a disproportionate burden from DOE wastes. Second, the burden imposed by additional wastes transported from one site to another is difficult to characterize. To develop a viable framework for equitably distributing these burdens while achieving efficient use of all DOE waste management facilities, several implementation and equity issues must be addressed and resolved. This paper discusses stakeholders and equity issues and proposes a framework for joint research and action that could facilitate equity negotiations among stakeholders and move toward a more optimal use of DOE`s waste management capabilities.

Carnes, S.A.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

) United states Department of the Interior, Fred A. Seaton, Secretary Fish and vlildlife Service, Arnie J. Suomela, Cormnissioner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

articles and retailers excise taxes on special motor fuels shall not be imposed lIupon a~ article sold; matches j gasoline; lubricating oUs. 2. Retailers Excise Tax (see Section 4041 (b), Chapter 31 Gasoline supplies in marine uses are exempt from the tax bur- den in a substantial number of States

152

Homicides Among Children and Young Adults Puerto Rico, 19992003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interpersonal violence causes substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide and poses a considerable economic burden, equivalent to 4%5 % of the gross national product in certain countries (1). The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is a U.S. territory with a 2004 population of approximately

unknown authors

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Health impacts from urban air pollution in China : the burden to the economy and the benefits of policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In China, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in significant adverse health impacts for its large and rapidly growing urban population. An expanded version of the Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA), ...

Matus, Kira J. (Kira Jen)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

German Politics and the Burden of Kultur. Mann, Meinecke and the Psychology of the Vernunftrepublikaner in Early Weimar Germany  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neither the state nor the Volk [people] had lived up to hiswould more fuUy integrate the Volk and conflict, become he

Parsons, Gregory S.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Health burden of skin lesions at low arsenic exposure through groundwater in Pakistan. Is river the source?  

SciTech Connect

A significant proportion of groundwater in south Asia is contaminated with arsenic. Pakistan has low levels of arsenic in groundwater compared with China, Bangladesh and India. A representative multi-stage cluster survey conducted among 3874 persons {>=}15 years of age to determine the prevalence of arsenic skin lesions, its relation with arsenic levels and cumulative arsenic dose in drinking water in a rural district (population: 1.82 million) in Pakistan. Spot-urine arsenic levels were compared among individuals with and without arsenic skin lesions. In addition, the relation of age, body mass index, smoking status with arsenic skin lesions was determined. The geographical distribution of the skin lesions and arsenic-contaminated wells in the district were ascertained using global positioning system. The total arsenic, inorganic and organic forms, in water and spot-urine samples were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The prevalence of skin lesions of arsenic was estimated for complex survey design, using surveyfreq and surveylogistic options of SAS 9.1 software.The prevalence of definitive cases i.e. hyperkeratosis of both palms and soles, was 3.4 per 1000 and suspected cases i.e. any sign of arsenic skin lesions (melanosis and/or keratosis), were 13.0 per 1000 among {>=}15-year-old persons in the district. Cumulative arsenic exposure (dose) was calculated from levels of arsenic in water and duration of use of current drinking water source. Prevalence of skin lesions increases with cumulative arsenic exposure (dose) in drinking water and arsenic levels in urine. Skin lesions were 2.5-fold among individuals with BMI <18.5 kg/m{sup 2}. Geographically, more arsenic-contaminated wells and skin lesions were alongside Indus River, suggests a strong link between arsenic contamination of groundwater with proximity to river.This is the first reported epidemiological and clinical evidence of arsenic skin lesions due to groundwater in Pakistan. Further investigations and focal mitigation measures for arsenic may be carried out alongside Indus River.

Fatmi, Zafar, E-mail: zafar.fatmi@aku.edu [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan)] [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan); Azam, Iqbal; Ahmed, Faiza; Kazi, Ambreen; Gill, Albert Bruce; Kadir, Muhmmad Masood; Ahmed, Mubashir; Ara, Naseem; Janjua, Naveed Zafar [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan)] [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Easing the burden of fixed telephone lines on small-scale entrepreneurs in Nigeria: GSM lines to the rescue  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study reported in this paper investigated the socio-economic characteristics of the adopters of GSM lines and the factors determining the adoption of GSM lines by small-scale entrepreneurs in a major Nigerian city (Ibadan). The results of the study ... Keywords: GSM lines, Nigeria, Small-scale entrepreneurs, Technology adoption

John Olatunji Adeoti; Adetola Ibidunni Adeoti

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

893 893 Federal Register / Vol. 68, No. 158 / Friday, August 15, 2003 / Notices Title: Comprehensive Program Annual Performance Report. Frequency: One time. Affected Public: Not-for-profit institutions. Reporting and Recordkeeping Hour Burden: Responses: 140. Burden Hours: 2,800. Abstract: The Comprehensive Program is a discretionary grant program that makes competitive awards to support reform and innovations through projects that improve educational practice at the postsecondary level. Grantees annually submit a performance report to demonstrate that substantial progress is being made toward meeting the objectives of their projects. Reporting requirements are currently based on broad criteria from the Education Department General Administrative Regulations (EDGAR). This request is to

158

Reg review - DOE RFI - EEI cmts 2-3-12.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 3, 2012 February 3, 2012 U.S. Department of Energy Office of the General Counsel, Room 6A245 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Submitted via e-mail to: Regulatory.Review@hq.doe.gov Re: Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 76 Fed. Reg. 75798 (Dec. 5, 2011) Dear DOE staff: The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is submitting these comments in response to the above-referenced request for information (RFI) issued by the Department of Energy (DOE). In the RFI, DOE is asking for information on ways to streamline and to reduce the burden imposed by its regulations. I. EEI Has a Direct Interest in This Proceeding EEI is the association of shareholder-owned electric utilities in the United States, international affiliates, and industry associates worldwide. Our U.S. members serve 95

159

Material Balance Report NRC 742_7  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

MATERIAL BALANCE REPORT MATERIAL BALANCE REPORT 1. NAME AND ADDRESS MATERIAL ACCOUNTABILITY NRC FORM 742 (7-2008) (PREVIOUS EDITIONS ARE OBSOLETE) 4. REPORT PERIOD (MM/DD/YYYY) PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER Estimated burden per response to comply with this mandatory collection request: 5 hours. Reported lessons learned are incorporated into the licensing process and fed back to industry. Send comments regarding burden estimate to the Records and FOIA/Privacy Services Branch (T-5 F52), U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, or by internet e-mail to infocollects@nrc.gov, and to the Desk Officer, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, NEOB-10202, (3150-0004), Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC 20503. If a means used to impose an information collection does not display a currently valid OMB

160

Reg review - DOE RFI - EEI cmts 5-29-12.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

29, 2012 29, 2012 U.S. Department of Energy Office of the General Counsel, Room 6A245 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Submitted via e-mail to: Regulatory.Review@hq.doe.gov Re: Reducing Regulatory Burden RFI, 77 Fed. Reg. 28518 (May 15, 2012) Dear DOE staff: The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is submitting these comments in response to the above-referenced request for information (RFI) issued by the Department of Energy (DOE). In the RFI, DOE is again asking for information on ways to streamline and to reduce the burden imposed by its regulations. Though DOE has just granted an extension of the comment deadline in today's Federal Register from today to June 19, 2012, we are filing these comments now so DOE can have the benefit of our views.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

o:\informs\fixforms\nrc740m.wpf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CONCISE NOTE CONCISE NOTE DOE/NRC FORM 740M (5-2002) MANDATORY DATA COLLECTION AUTHORIZED BY 10 CFR 30, 40, 50, 70, 72, 74, 75, 150, Public Laws 83-703, 93-438, 95-91 Estimated burden per response to comply with this mandatory collection request: 45 minutes. This information is required to satisfy the provisions of the US/IAEA Safeguards Agreement. Send comments regarding burden estimate to the Records Management Branch (T-5 F52), U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, or by internet e-mail to infocollects@nrc.gov, and to the Desk Officer, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, NEOB-10202, (3150-0057), Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC 20503. If a means used to impose an information collection does not display a currently valid OMB control number, the NRC may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to

162

Sample Form DOE NRC 740M  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

CONCISE NOTE CONCISE NOTE DOE/NRC FORM 740M (6-2008) MANDATORY DATA COLLECTION AUTHORIZED BY 10 CFR 30, 40, 50, 70, 72, 74, 75, 150, Public Laws 83-703, 93-438, 95-91 Estimated burden per response to comply with this mandatory collection request: 45 minutes. This information is required to satisfy the provisions of the US/IAEA Safeguards Agreement. Send comments regarding burden estimate to the Records and FOIA Privacy Services Branch (T-5 F53), U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, or by internet e-mail to infocollects@nrc.gov, and to the Desk Officer, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, NEOB-10202, (3150-0057), Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC 20503. If a means used to impose an information collection does not display a currently valid OMB control number, the NRC may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not

163

Analysis of Global Economic and Environmental Impacts of a Substantial Increase in Bioenergy Wallace E. Tyner (wtyner@purdue.edu), Thomas W. Hertel, Farzad Taheripour*, and Dileep K. Birur  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biofuel production target of 5.75% to be achieved by 2010,6 indicating that it might be appropriate current biofuel development targets, and suggests strongly that the latter may be too conservative. 6 The Biofuels Directive, passed in 2003, established a biofuel market share targets of 2% and 5

164

NOx Reduction through Efficiency Gain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benz Air Engineering and the CompuNOx system focus on a controls approach to minimize emissions without exposing steam generation plants to an unbearable financial burden. With minimal system changes we use thorough system analysis in conjunction with a novel control design to deliver a comprehensive boiler controls retrofit that provides reductions in emissions as well as substantial cost savings. Combining mechanical engineering expertise with substantial experience in control engineering in over 200 retrofits this system achieves astonishing results with short payback time, making CompuNOx a feasible solution for emission mandates and cost savings.

Benz, R.; Thompson, R.; Staedter, M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

The contribution of leading diseases and risk factors to excess losses of healthy life in eastern Europe: burden of disease study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Tajikistan, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia C Low child, high adult Belarus, Estonia, Hungary, Kazakhstan...

Powles, John W; Zatonski, Witold; Vander Hoorn, Stephen; Ezzati, Majid

2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

166

Simulated annealing implementation with shorter Markov chain length to reduce computational burden and its application to the analysis of pulmonary airway architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new way to implement the Simulated Annealing (SA) algorithm was developed and tested that improves computation performance by using shorter Markov chain length (inner iterations) and repeating the entire SA process until the final function value meets ... Keywords: CT image, Computational speed, Markov chain length, Pulmonary airway structure, Simulated annealing, Sprague Dawley rats

DongYoub Lee; Anthony S. Wexler

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. 305 Montana Alberta Tie Ltd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

891 Federal Register 891 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 210 / Tuesday, November 1, 2005 / Notices Reporting and Recordkeeping Hour Burden: Responses: 84. Burden Hours: 504. Abstract: Recipients of grants under the Parental Information and Resource Center program must submit an annual performance report that establishes substantial progress toward meeting their project objectives to receive a continuation award. Requests for copies of the information collection submission for OMB review may be accessed from http:// edicsweb.ed.gov, by selecting the ''Browse Pending Collections'' link and by clicking on link number 2869. When you access the information collection, click on ''Download Attachments '' to view. Written requests for information should be addressed to U.S. Department

168

Notice of Reestablishment of the Electricity Advisory Committee  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

166 Federal Register 166 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 135 / Thursday, July 15, 2010 / Notices Hours: 15; (8) Estimated Reporting and Recordkeeping Cost Burden: None. Statutory Authority: Section 211(o)(9)(A)(ii) of the Clean Air Act, as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005), requires that DOE conduct a study for the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) assessing whether the renewable fuel standard (RFS) would impose a ''disproportionate economic hardship'' on small refineries. This survey will provide technical information to support the study. Issued in Washington, DC on July 8, 2010. Carmen Difiglio, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy Analysis, Office of Policy and International Affairs. [FR Doc. 2010-17288 Filed 7-14-10; 8:45 am]

169

NNSA Policies | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

content > NNSA Policies content > NNSA Policies NNSA Policies Review the various NNSA and Department of Energy policies for additional information. Website Policy Accessibility The U.S. Department of Energy is committed to providing access to our Web pages for individuals with disabilities. To meet this commitment, this site is built to comply with the requirements of Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act. Section 508 requires that individuals with disabilities, who are members of the public seeking information or services from us, have access to and use of information and data that is comparable to that provided to the public who are not individuals with disabilities, unless an undue burden would be imposed on us. Section 508 also requires us to ensure that Federal employees with disabilities have access to and use

170

A method for permanent disposal of CO{sub 2} in solid form  

SciTech Connect

We describe a method for binding the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide as magnesium carbonate, a thermodynamically stable solid, for safe and permanent disposal, and with minimal environment impact. The technique is based on extracting magnesium hydroxide from common ultramafic rock for thermal carbonation and subsequent disposition. The economics of the method appear to be promising, however, many details of the proposed process have yet to be optimized. Initial estimates indicate that binding and disposal would impose a burden of approximately 3{cents}/kWH onto the cost of electricity. This cost could be reduced significantly in the short term by entering niche markets for various technologies for efficient extraction and thermal carbonation. In this paper, we describe some of the kinetic limitations and opportunities. The proposed disposal technique may be viewed as a sort of insurance policy in case global warming, or the perception of global warming causes severe restrictions on CO{sub 2} emissions.

Butt, D.P.; Lackner, K.S.; Wendt, C.H. [and others

1997-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

171

Biomimetric Membrane for CO2 Capture from Flue Gas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biomimetic memBrane for co Biomimetic memBrane for co 2 capture from flue Gas Background Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) is a three-step process including capture, pipeline transport and geologic storage of which the capture of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is the most costly and technically challenging. Current available methods impose significant energy burdens that severely impact their overall effectiveness as a significant deployment option. Of the available capture technologies for post combustion applications - absorption, adsorption, reaction and membranes chemically facilitated absorption promises to be the most cost-effective membrane solution for post combustion application. The Carbozyme technology extracts CO 2 from low concentration, low pressure sources by means of chemical facilitation of a polymer membrane. The chemical

172

About EIA - Policies - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Website Accessibility Statement Website Accessibility Statement The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) strives to make our website accessible to the widest possible audience, regardless of physical ability. Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act requires that all individuals with disabilities have access to, and use of, information comparable to information provided to individuals without disabilities, unless an undue burden would be imposed on us. Adobe Acrobat PDF Files We produce many of our documents as PDF (Portable Document Format) files. Many persons using screen reading devices cannot read documents in PDF format. The website http://www.adobe.com/accessibility/products/reader/ provides free software you can use to read and access the information contained within PDF files.

173

Web Policies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Web Policies Web Policies Web Policies Accessibility The U.S. Department of Energy is committed to providing access to our web pages for individuals with disabilities. To meet this commitment, this site is built to comply with the requirements of Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act. Section 508 requires that individuals with disabilities, who are members of the public seeking information or services from us, have access to and use of information and data that is comparable to that provided to the public who are not individuals with disabilities, unless an undue burden would be imposed on us. Section 508 also requires us to ensure that Federal employees with disabilities have access to and use of information and data that is comparable to the access to and use of information and data by Federal employees who are not individuals with

174

C:\My Documents\FORMS\doe f 1450.5a.cdr  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE DOE F 1450.5A OMB Control No 1910-0100 (02-03) All Other Editions Are Obsolete U.S. Department of Energy Certification of Timesharing LOGON ID Owner Responsibilities OMB Burden Disclosure Statement I accept the responsibilities associated with the ownership of my logon ID and will adhere to the following procedures. I hereby certify that I will comply with the above-listed procedures and that I understand the limitations and restrictions imposed on the use of this code by Classification, Sensitivity, and the Privacy Act of 1974 while accessing the U.S. Department of Energy automated information system. User Name (Signature), also Print/Type and Date U.S. Department of Energy Authorizing Official (Signature), and Date I hereby certify the user requesting timesharing access is an authorized contractor employee working under a current U.S. Department of Energy contract or

175

Generator loss of field study for AEP's Rockport plant  

SciTech Connect

Generator loss of field (LOF) conditions occur rarely. However, when LOF and consequent out-of-step conditions occur, the resultant high currents and pulsating torques can damage the turbine-generator under some conditions. Also the electrical system near the disturbance can be impacted by abnormal levels and cyclic swings of power, VArs, and voltages. This article describes the computed performance of AEP's remotely-located 2600 MW Rockport plant after simulated LOF disturbances to one of its 1300 MW cross-compound units. It shows the transmission facilities near Rockport, as well as nearby plants. Because of this topology, LOF on one unit can significantly impact the adjacent Rockport unit, and the reactive power drain could impose a heavy burden on transmission, impacting local voltages.

Rana, R.D.; Schulz, R.P.; Heyeck, M.; Boyer, T.R. Jr. (American Electric Power, Inc., Canton, OH (USA))

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Technology certification and technology acceptance: Promoting interstate cooperation and market development for innovative technologies  

SciTech Connect

In the past two years, public and private efforts to promote development and deployment of innovative environmental technologies have shifted from the analysis of barriers to the implementation of a variety of initiatives aimed at surmounting those barriers. Particular attention has been directed at (1) streamlining fragmented technology acceptance processes within and among the states, and (2) alleviating disincentives, created by inadequate or unverified technology cost and performance data, for users and regulators to choose innovative technologies. Market fragmentation currently imposes significant cost burdens on technology developers and inhibits the investment of private capital in environmental technology companies. Among the responses to these problems are state and federal technology certification/validation programs, efforts to standardize cost/performance data reporting, and initiatives aimed at promoting interstate cooperation in technology testing and evaluation. This paper reviews the current status of these initiatives, identifies critical challenges to their success, and recommends strategies for addressing those challenges.

Brockbank, B.R.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Intelligent content-based privacy assistant for facebook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AbstractAlthough most online social networks now offer fine-grained controls of information sharing, these are rarely used, both because their use imposes additional burden on the user and because there are too many control settings for an average user to handle. To mitigate this problem, we have developed an Intelligent Privacy Assistant for Facebook that partially automates the assignment of sharing permissions, taking into account the content of the information published and users high-level sharing policies. The Assistant uses a novel social web privacy language, employs named entity recognition algorithms to annotate sensitive parts of published information and an answer set programming system to evaluate users privacy policies and determine the list of safe recipients. On a test scenario, the Assistant reached 73.8 % and 95.2 % performance in correctly determining safe and unsafe recipients, respectively. Keywords-privacy protection, social web, information extraction, policies, Facebook I.

Michal Jakob; Zbyn?k Moler; Michal P?chou?ek; Roman Vaculn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

The bumpy road to federal CO{sub 2} caps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In January and February 2007 members of the US Congress introduced a number of carbon capture and trade bills that compete with each other to impose the most stringent standards possible. Soon after, the Speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi, called for consideration of a bill by the full House by the summer. Two issues have been resolved so far: any greenhouse gas reduction program almost certainly will be mandatory, and it appears likely that regulation of the electric power sector's CO{sub 2} emissions will be via a cap and trade system. Many other issues remain. Eight of these are discussed in the article. They include: where in the energy supply chain should greenhouse gas emissions be regulated? and, How should the burden of greenhouse gas reduction be shared with the electricity industry?

Gannett, C.; Adamson, D. [Davis Wright Tremaine LLP, Seattle, WA (United States)

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

179

Free electron laser designs for laser amplification  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method for laser beam amplification by means of free electron laser techniques. With wiggler magnetic field strength B.sub.w and wavelength .lambda..sub.w =2.pi./k.sub.w regarded as variable parameters, the method(s) impose conditions such as substantial constancy of B.sub.w /k.sub.w or k.sub.w or B.sub.w and k.sub.w (alternating), coupled with a choice of either constant resonant phase angle or programmed phase space "bucket" area.

Prosnitz, Donald (Walnut Creek, CA); Szoke, Abraham (Fremont, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Free-electron-laser design for laser amplification  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for laser beam amplification by means of free electron laser techniques is described. With wiggler magnetic field strength B/sub w/ and wavelength lambda/sub w/ = 2..pi../k/sub w/ regarded as variable parameters, the method(s) impose conditions such as substantial constancy of B/sub w//k/sub w/ or k/sub w/ or B/sub w/ and k/sub w/ (alternating), coupled with a choice of either constant resonant phase angle or programmed phase space bucket area.

Prosnitz, D.; Szoke, A.

1982-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Mode of interview and reporting of sensitive issues: Design and implementation of audio computer-assisted self-interviewing. NIDA Research Monograph 167:36682  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Substantial underreporting is typical in interviewing respondents on their drug use and other sensitive behaviors. This chapter reviews established strategies, self-administered questionnaires and indirect questioning techniques, for increasing the willingness of respondents to report stigmatizing behaviors. While these methods improve reporting, each has shortcomings and burdens which limit their effectiveness. A new computer-based self-interviewing approach which incorporates recorded audio playback of questions offers improved self-administered interviewing. The chapter discusses this technology, audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (audio-CASI), describing its features and positive results from the early research tests of the method.

Judith T. Lessler; James M. Oreilly

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for expensive solar cells. In one design, for example, mirrors fo- cus light on a Stirling engine, a high-performance Stirling engine shuttles a working fluid, such as hydrogen gas, between two chambers (a). The cold chamber to a Stirling engine that converts heat to electricity. The mirrors in the concentrator are positioned to focus

184

State and national household concentrations of PM2.5 from solid cookfuel use: Results from measurements and modeling in India for estimation of the global burden of disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air Pollution from Biomass Combustion in Kenya. Environindoor air pollution from biomass combustion among women andParticulate Matter from Combustion of Biomass Fuels in Rural

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

ARCHITECT-ENGINEER QUALIFICATIONS Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average a total of 29 hours per response (25 hours for Part 1 and 4 hours  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; innate immunity; stress; cadmium; infection; P-glycoprotein INTRODUCTION In the soil, Caenorhabditis fluorescence related to pgp-5 induction with the COPAS worm sorter (Supplemental Fig 2D). pgp-5 expression resistance in the soil nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Embo J 1996;15:6132­43. [PubMed: 8947035] Kurz et al

Kemner, Ken

186

Impact of Natural Gas Price Decontrol on Gas Supply, Demand and Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Major analysis completed recently by the gas transmission and distribution industry concludes that available supplies of gas energy will fall into the range of 23-31 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) by the year 2000, as conventional gas production is increasingly supplemented by supplies from coal gasification, Alaska, unconventional sources, LNG, Canada, and Mexico. At the same time, however, gas demand is characterized by price-induced conservation in all markets, together with continuing gas demand constraints and financial burdens imposed by Government regulators at all levels. With these restrictions and burdens eased, the gas industry can rebuild its marketing acumen and capacity. Thus, gas demand may likely increase in both the traditional heating and industrial fuel and feedstock applications, as well as such new non-traditional uses as cogeneration, natural gas vehicles and select gas use with coal. With regard to impending gas price decontrol, analyses conducted by the American Gas Association (A.G.A.), as well as studies by the U.S. Department of Energy and other groups, concur in the important finding that natural gas will be able to compete with alternate fuels in the energy marketplace after decontrol, as long as indefinite price escalators and other rigidities in gas purchase contracts can be defused so as to enable the market system to operate successfully. A.G.A.'s analysis, indeed, concluded that gas prices are rising rapidly enough under the existing law between now and 1985, so that concerns of a sudden price increase after deregulation in that year may be somewhat overstated, as long as the indefinite price escalators are defused.

Schlesinger, B.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) Regulatory Burden RFI Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) Regulatory Burden RFI These comments...

188

Query | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Query Query Query Query1.pdf Query More Documents & Publications DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report July 29, 2013 DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden...

189

Resolution in Support of Customer "Right-to-Know" and Product Labeling Standards for the Retail Marketing of Electricity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resolution in Support of Customer Resolution in Support of Customer "Right-to-Know" and Product Labeling Standards for the Retail Marketing of Electricity WHEREAS, At least 30 million consumers in six States will begin choosing among competitive electricity providers in early 1998 and retail access to competing electricity suppliers is under consideration in many other states; and WHEREAS, Electricity purchases make up a significant portion of the budget of many households; and WHEREAS, The production of electricity imposes very substantial resource and environmental impacts; and WHEREAS, Pilot retail access programs have shown that customer confusion and misleading claims are highly likely; and WHEREAS, Clear and uniform disclosure may promote efficiency through informed product comparisons; and informed customer choice cannot occur in a retail electricity

190

Budget-in-brief, fiscal year 1998: Energy for today and tomorrow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides a brief overview of how the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy programs plan to improve: environmental quality, energy security, public health, and economic productivity. Substantial opportunities remain to improve the nation`s energy future without incurring high costs or imposing overly restrictive regulations. Current restructuring of electricity markets and international agreements on global climate change are focusing attention on some of these opportunities. With energy demand in countries such as China and India projected to grow exponentially in coming decades, US exports of clean energy technologies will be important for mitigating world environmental degradation and climate change--and for fostering strong US industries in sustainable energy products and services. Enabling developing countries to grow without the negative consequences of pollution is one of the most valuable forms of leadership the US can exercise in world affairs in the years ahead.

NONE

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device.

Metzger, John D. (Eaton' s Neck, NY); El-Genk, Mohamed S. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat is disclosed. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device. 4 figs.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.

1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

193

Comparison of the high temperature heat flux sensor to traditional heat flux gages under high heat flux conditions.  

SciTech Connect

Four types of heat flux gages (Gardon, Schmidt-Boelter, Directional Flame Temperature, and High Temperature Heat Flux Sensor) were assessed and compared under flux conditions ranging between 100-1000 kW/m2, such as those seen in hydrocarbon fire or propellant fire conditions. Short duration step and pulse boundary conditions were imposed using a six-panel cylindrical array of high-temperature tungsten lamps. Overall, agreement between all gages was acceptable for the pulse tests and also for the step tests. However, repeated tests with the HTHFS with relatively long durations at temperatures approaching 1000%C2%B0C showed a substantial decrease (10-25%) in heat flux subsequent to the initial test, likely due to the mounting technique. New HTHFS gages have been ordered to allow additional tests to determine the cause of the flux reduction.

Blanchat, Thomas K.; Hanks, Charles R.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Energetics of melts from thermal diffusion studies. FY 1995 progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This research program characterizes mass transport by diffusion in geological fluids in response to thermal, solubility, and/or chemical gradients to obtain quantitative information on the thermodynamic and kinetic properties of multicomponent systems. Silicate liquids undergo substantial thermal diffusion (Soret) differentiation, while the response in sulfide, carbonate, and aqueous fluids to an imposed temperature gradient is varied. The experimental observations of this differentiation are used to evaluate the form and quantitative values of solution parameters, and to quantify ordinary diffusion coefficients, heats of transport, and activation energies of multicomponent liquids. The diffusion, solution, and element partition coefficients determined for these geological fluids form a data base for understanding magmatic crystallization behavior and for evaluating geothermal, ore deposit, and nuclear waste isolation potentials.

Lesher, C.E.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

195

Surface coal mining technology: engineering and environmental aspects  

SciTech Connect

This survey of recommended methods, techniques and alternatives for selecting and designing surface coal mining systems is based on a review and evaluation of methods reported in the literature and applied in the field. The book is based on research conducted or sponsored by The Pennsylvania State University, the US Bureau of Mines, the US EPA, and the Polish Central Research and Design Institute for Openpit Mining. While the high price of petroleum has resulted in conservation efforts, total energy demand will still increase substantially in the years ahead. This increase will try out abilities to discover, extract and beneficiate fuels in the necessary volumes. Coal will eventually replace large amounts of petroleum fuels. A summary of the analyses required to lay out a surface mine, taking into consideration the limitations imposed by geology, equipment, reclamation, economics, and environmental control requirements, is provided.

Fung, R. (ed.)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Innovative techniques cut costs in wetlands drilling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on an approach to drilling oil and gas wells in sensitive wetlands areas contributed to a savings of over $1.2 million on a three-well, $3 million drilling project in south Louisiana. ARCO Oil and Gas Co. drilled a three-well project in the Bayou Sale field with a truck-mounted workover rig and a modified solids-control system. This smaller equipment eliminated the need to build a large location in the marsh. Traditional drilling techniques require a large drillsite to accommodate all the equipment of a modern drilling complex. However, recently imposed environmental regulations substantially limit, and in some cases prohibit, the use of these conventional techniques for drilling wells in wetlands areas. Based on the potentially huge economic and operational impact on the drilling industry because of these stricter regulations, alternatives to these traditional practices are essential.

Navarro, A.R. (ARCO Oil and Gas Co., Lafayette, LA (US))

1991-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

197

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of an apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a higher thermal conductivity than that of the superconducting material. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials, establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

198

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

High-Brightness Beams from a Light Source Injector The Advanced Photon Source Low-Energy Undulator Test Line Linac  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of existing linacs, and in particular light source injectors, for free-electron laser (FEL) experiments is becoming more common due to the desire to test FELs at ever shorter wavelengths. The high-brightness, high-current beams required by high-gain FELs impose technical specifications that most existing linacs were not designed to meet. Moreover, the need for specialized diagnostics, especially shot-to-shot data acquisition, demands substantial modification and upgrade of conventional linacs. Improvements have been made to the Advanced Photon Source (APS) injector linac in order to produce and characterize high-brightness beams. Specifically, effort has been directed at generating beams suitable for use in the low-energy undulator test line (LEUTL) FEL in support of fourth-generation light source research. The enhancements to the linac technical and diagnostic capabilities that allowed for self-amplified spontaneous emission (SASE) operation of the FEL at 530 nm are described. Recent results, includi...

Travish, G; Borland, M; Hahne, M; Harkay, K C; Lewellen, J W; Lumpkin, Alex H; Milton, S V; Sereno, N S

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

A Microcomputer Model of Crossflow Cooling Tower Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy use characteristics of evaporative cooling towers are of interest because, although such towers are widely used in industry, they do require a substantial amount of energy. Evaporative cooling towers are basically large heat exchangers that use both sensible heat transfer and mass transfer to cool. The heat and mass transfer process for a crossflow cooling tower has been modeled on an Apple II microcomputer. Various heat loads or weather conditions can be imposed on a given tower to evaluate its response; moreover, a subprogram can evaluate pressure drop and motor/fan characteristics. Determination of the energy required to operate the tower enables its performance to be compared against energy-saving operations such as variable speed drive or changes in fill height or type.

Reichelt, G. E; Jones, J. W.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The Development of Interconnection Standards in Six States In 2007-2008  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the process of developing standards for the interconnection of photovoltaic systems and other generators under ten megawatts to the electric grid. State utility commission rulemakings in 2007-2008 in Florida, New Mexico, North Carolina, Maryland, Illinois and Utah provide the basis for analysis of what is and should be considered in the development of standards, and how the process can be improved. State interconnection standards vary substantially, and many utilities have discretion to establish additional or different requirements, creating literally hundreds of sets of rules. This lack of uniformity imposes a significant cost on project developers and installers to track and comply with applicable rules. As well, burdensome provisions and uncertain costs and timelines present formidable barriers to entry, which advocates have limited resources to challenge. For a better process, the author proposes: establishing federal standards as a baseline, involving solar advocates, and developing a utility cost-recovery mechanism.

Keyes, Jason B.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Energetics of melts from thermal diffusion studies. FY 1996 progress report  

SciTech Connect

This research program characterizes mass transport by diffusion in geological fluids in response to thermal, solubility, and/or chemical gradients to obtain quantitative information on the thermodynamic and kinetic properties of multicomponent systems. Silicate liquids undergo substantial thermal diffusion (Soret) differentiation, while the response in sulfide, carbonate, and aqueous fluids to an imposed temperature gradient is varied. The experimental observations of this differentiation are used to evaluate the form and quantitative values of solution parameters, and to quantify ordinary diffusion coefficients, heats of transport, and activation energies of multicomponent liquids. The diffusion, solution, and element partition coefficients determined for these geological fluids form a data base for understanding magmatic crystallization behavior and for evaluating geothermal, ore deposit, and nuclear waste isolation potentials.

Lesher, C.E.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

203

Methylmercury in fish: a review of residue levels, fish consumption and regulatory action in the United States  

SciTech Connect

The dangers associated with the consumption of large amounts of methylmercury in fish are well recognized, and there is some evidence to suggest that methylmercury may be the cause of subtle neurological impairments when ingested at even low to moderate levels, particularly the prenatal and early childhood periods. This concern has prompted a continuing assessment of the risk of methylmercury toxicity among fish consumers in the US as well as other countries. The toxicokinetics of methylmercury in humans are reviewed and used to estimate body burdens associated with toxic effects. To determine seafood consumption patterns among the continental US population the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has analyzed data from a diary study commissioned by the Tuna Research Foundation. Mercury residue levels in domestic fish sampled by the FDA were used to determine the level of exposure to methylmercury. Until evidence is presented that substantially lowers the known body burden of methylmercury which causes toxicity, calculations indicate that the current 1.0 ppm regulatory level provides adequate protection for the average fish consumer, for young children, and for a significant number of consumers exceeding the acceptable daily intake. However, additional studies are being carried out in a continuing process to ensure that safe levels of prenatal exposure to mercury residues in fish are maintained.

Tollefson, L.; Cordle, F.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Toward Design of a Universal Flu Vaccine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Toward Design of a Universal Flu Vaccine Print Toward Design of a Universal Flu Vaccine Print Worldwide, influenza causes substantial deaths and yearly economic burdens, but the highly changeable nature of the flu virus complicates the production of an effective vaccine. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that the effectiveness of this year's flu vaccine is about 62%. For comparison, this number for childhood vaccines is routinely well over 90%. One factor in determining the vaccine's effectiveness is how closely related the viruses used in the vaccine are to the viruses circulating that year. An international team of researchers, working at synchrotron facilities including the ALS, has solved the crystal structures of antibodies that protect against broad classes of influenza strains. Greater understanding of these antibody structures may aid in the eventual development of a universal vaccine, protecting against all types of influenza viruses and thus eliminating the guesswork that currently limits vaccine effectiveness.

205

Evaluation and Characterization of Membranes for H2SO4/Water and I2/HI/H2O Water Separation and Hydrogen Permeation for the S-I Cycle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this report are the findings into three membrane separation studies for potential application to the Sulfur-Iodine (S-I) thermochemical cycle. The first is the removal of water from hydriodic acid/iodine mixtures. In the S-I cycle, iodine is added to the product of the Bunsen reaction to facilitate the separation of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) from hydriodic acid (HI). The amount of iodine can be as high as 83% of the overall mass load of the Bunsen product stream, which potentially introduces a large burden on the cycles efficiency. Removal of water from the HI and iodine mixture would substantially reduce the amount of required additional iodine. In this work, performance data for Nafion and sulfonated poly (ether ether ketone) (SPEEK) membranes is shown.

Frederick R. Stewart

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

WORLD ENERGY OUTLOOK Looking at Energy Subsidies: Getting the Prices RightINTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

released at the end of 1998, foresaw that developing and transition countries would account for two-thirds of the overall increase in global energy demand to 2020. The report also highlighted the issue of pricing distortions as a key uncertainty in the outlook for energy demand growth and for the fuel mix. This study, the first in a series addressing key issues raised in the Outlook, focuses on energy subsidies that encourage overconsumption by keeping prices below cost. It assesses quantitatively the extent of energy subsidies and provides an indicative estimate of the potential gains from removing them in terms of energy savings, lower carbon dioxide emissions, improved economic efficiency and reduced burdens on government budgets. The study demonstrates that energy resources are significantly underpriced in eight of the largest countries outside the OECD, which represent collectively around a quarter of world energy use. These price subsidies, most often designed to meet social policy goals, result in substantial

unknown authors

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use Act, PL 95-620: legislative history, 1978  

SciTech Connect

Hearings continued on H.R. 6831, the President's proposed National Energy Act. Witnesses aired views on the impacts that industries would experience on converting boilers to coal. The final hearing of the three-week session was held on June 1, 1977. The June 1 session took a step back from the details of the many components of the President's plan and took a broad and longer term view of the plan as a whole. The hearings elicited substantial criticism of the many costs and burdens that would accompany the President's program. This is largely because the costs of conservation and conversion to coal precede the benefits by several years. A summary of the National Energy Plan is presented. (MCW)

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Suggested guidelines for anti-islanding screening.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As increasing numbers of photovoltaic (PV) systems are connected to utility systems, distribution engineers are becoming increasingly concerned about the risk of formation of unintentional islands. Utilities desire to keep their systems secure, while not imposing unreasonable burdens on users wishing to connect PV. However, utility experience with these systems is still relatively sparse, so distribution engineers often are uncertain as to when additional protective measures, such as direct transfer trip, are needed to avoid unintentional island formation. In the absence of such certainty, utilities must err on the side of caution, which in some cases may lead to the unnecessary requirement of additional protection. The purpose of this document is to provide distribution engineers and decision makers with guidance on when additional measures or additional study may be prudent, and also on certain cases in which utilities may allow PV installations to proceed without additional study because the risk of an unintentional island is extremely low. The goal is to reduce the number of cases of unnecessary application of additional protection, while giving utilities a basis on which to request additional study in cases where it is warranted.

Ellis, Abraham; Ropp, Michael

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Research Paper MIT Sloan 4450-03. CCS 223. Copyright 2003 Page 1 of 23  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Copyright ©2003 Page 10 of 23 · RFID replaces manual entry of data into warehouse management system (both year-over-year Cost of systems integration Varies year-over-year Cost of maintenance/other Varies year Burden 5% Systems Integration Cost Burden 5% Maintenance/Other Cost Burden 5% Reader Cost Burden 100

210

All General Counsel Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21, 2011 21, 2011 Regulatory Burden Request for Information Response to Regulatory Burden RFI March 21, 2011 Fireplace pictures pictures of fireplaces March 21, 2011 COGR Council on Governmental Relations Reducing Regulatory Burden - EO 13563 Retrospective Review March 21, 2011 Re: Regulatory Burden RFI Hearth Patio & Barbecue Association comments on Regulatory Burden RFI March 21, 2011 Re: Request for Information on Regulatory Burden of DOE Regulations Comments from Edison Electric Institute on DOE's Request for Information regarding the burden of DOE regulations. March 21, 2011 certification, compliance and enforcement regulations for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment (CRE) The current certification, compliance and enforcement regulations for

211

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Energy Burden Definitions Energy burden is an important statistic for policy makers who are considering the need for energy assistance. Energy burden can be defined broadly as the burden placed on household incomes by the cost of energy, or more simply, the ratio of energy expenditures to household income. However, there are different ways to compute energy burden, and different interpretations and uses of the energy burden statistics. DOE Weatherization primarily uses mean individual burden and mean group burden since these statistics provide data on how an "average" individual household fares against an "average" group of households (that is, how burdens are distributed for the population). DOE Weatherization (and HHS) also uses the median individual burden which shows

212

High efficiency solar heater  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a solar oven comprising canted side-walls defining a heating chamber of inverted pyramidal configuration having a rectangular upper aperture for admitting solar radiation into the chamber, and a closed bottom, the side walls having four blackened non-reflective interior surfaces and translucent means closing the upper aperture for containing heated air with the chamber. The four interior surfaces are exposed to radiation entering the chamber through the translucent means. A frusto-pyramidal reflector is removably mounted externally of the heating chamber and including four reflector surfaces diverging from each other at a somewhat greater angle than the interior surfaces such that light falling onto the external reflector substantially normally to the translucent means is reflected onto an opposite one of the interior surfaces substantially at right angles thereto; and temperature responsive means arranged for opening a vent into the chamber in response to temperature rising in the chamber beyond a predetermined level. The temperature responsive means comprises spring means retained in a compressed state by structural means selected to lose structural integrity near the predetermined level. The spring means is released upon the structural means losing structural integrity near the predetermined level and failing under load imposed by the spring means, whereby the spring means is free to operate to open the vent.

Varney, J.A.; Varney, F.M.

1987-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

213

Construction and operation of an improved radiation calibration facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Environmental assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calibration of instruments used to detect and measure ionizing radiation has been conducted over the last 20 years at Brookhaven National Laboratory`s (BNL) Radiation Calibration Facility, Building 348. Growth of research facilities, projects in progress, and more stringent Department of Energy (DOE) orders which involve exposure to nuclear radiation have placed substantial burdens on the existing radiation calibration facility. The facility currently does not meet the requirements of DOE Order 5480.4 or American National Standards Institute (ANSI) N323-1978, which establish calibration methods for portable radiation protection instruments used in the detection and measurement of levels of ionizing radiation fields or levels of radioactive surface contaminations. Failure to comply with this standard could mean instrumentation is not being calibrated to necessary levels of sensitivity. The Laboratory has also recently obtained a new neutron source and gamma beam irradiator which can not be made operational at existing facilities because of geometry and shielding inadequacies. These sources are needed to perform routine periodic calibrations of radiation detecting instruments used by scientific and technical personnel and to meet BNL`s substantial increase in demand for radiation monitoring capabilities. To place these new sources into operation, it is proposed to construct an addition to the existing radiation calibration facility that would house all calibration sources and bring BNL calibration activities into compliance with DOE and ANSI standards. The purpose of this assessment is to identify potential significant environmental impacts associated with the construction and operation of an improved radiation calibration facility at BNL.

NONE

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Cokemaking sees environmental improvements  

SciTech Connect

The image of a coke plant created worldwide by many negative presentations in the media--above all in the US and in Europe--is the image of an industrial plant alleged to cause substantial burdens on the environment. This allegation is often substantiated by showing obsolete coke plants where little had been done regarding maintenance, upkeep and modernization. But this picture ignores the fact that over the past decades, emissions from coke plants have been successfully reduced to a fraction of previous levels by implementing state-of-the-art technologies. When reference is made to emissions from coke plants, the first emissions considered ar those occurring during coal charging, coke pushing and coke quenching. This is the reason why the prevention of gas or dust emissions during oven operation processes is an important focus in the design of coke oven service machines. If it is impossible to prevent emissions from escaping coke ovens, such emissions have to be captured and cleaned by specially developed facilities. The most important factor in achieving efficient environmental protection is to regard the oven machines as an integrated part of the coking process itself. Only a perfectly harmonized and optimized coke oven and oven machine technology will result in an emission-free charging of the oven chamber.

Stalherm, D.; Piduch, H.G.; Schuepphaus, K.; Worberg, R.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Paralization and check pointing of GPU applications through program transformation  

SciTech Connect

GPUs have emerged as a powerful tool for accelerating general-purpose applications. The availability of programming languages that makes writing general-purpose applications for running on GPUs tractable have consolidated GPUs as an alternative for accelerating generalpurpose applications. Among the areas that have bene#12;ted from GPU acceleration are: signal and image processing, computational uid dynamics, quantum chemistry, and, in general, the High Performance Computing (HPC) Industry. In order to continue to exploit higher levels of parallelism with GPUs, multi-GPU systems are gaining popularity. In this context, single-GPU applications are parallelized for running in multi-GPU systems. Furthermore, multi-GPU systems help to solve the GPU memory limitation for applications with large application memory footprint. Parallelizing single-GPU applications has been approached by libraries that distribute the workload at runtime, however, they impose execution overhead and are not portable. On the other hand, on traditional CPU systems, parallelization has been approached through application transformation at pre-compile time, which enhances the application to distribute the workload at application level and does not have the issues of library-based approaches. Hence, a parallelization scheme for GPU systems based on application transformation is needed. Like any computing engine of today, reliability is also a concern in GPUs. GPUs are vulnerable to transient and permanent failures. Current checkpoint/restart techniques are not suitable for systems with GPUs. Checkpointing for GPU systems present new and interesting challenges, primarily due to the natural di#11;erences imposed by the hardware design, the memory subsystem architecture, the massive number of threads, and the limited amount of synchronization among threads. Therefore, a checkpoint/restart technique suitable for GPU systems is needed. The goal of this work is to exploit higher levels of parallelism and to develop support for application-level fault tolerance in applications using multiple GPUs. Our techniques reduce the burden of enhancing single-GPU applications to support these features. To achieve our goal, this work designs and implements a framework for enhancing a single-GPU OpenCL application through application transformation.

Solano-Quinde, Lizandro Dami#19; an [Ames Laboratory

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

Performance and analysis of amorphous silicon p-i-n solar cells made by chemical-vapor deposition from disilane  

SciTech Connect

The photovoltaic performance of amorphous silicon p-i-n solar cells made by chemical-vapor deposition (CVD) from disilane is reported and analyzed. Intrinsic layers were deposited at rates from 0.2 to 50 A/s at temperatures from 380 to 460 /sup 0/C with and without boron doping. Device performance was insensitive to substantial differences in disilane purity. A cell efficiency of 4% was achieved. The primary limitation to higher efficiency was low fill factor (<50%) due to high series resistance (>18 ..cap omega.. cm/sup 2/). Analysis of the series resistance indicated a contact-related resistance of 4--12 ..cap omega.. cm/sup 2/ and a photoconductive resistance composed of intrinsic layer thickness-independent (10 ..cap omega.. cm/sup 2/) and thickness-dependent terms. Analysis of the voltage dependence of the current collection indicated a fill factor of 60% would be expected in the absence of series resistance. The maximum short-circuit current of 12.5 mA/cm/sup 2/ (normalized to 100 mW/cm/sup 2/) resulted with a boron-doped i layer deposited at 440 /sup 0/C at 3.3 A/s. Modeling of the collection efficiency indicated collection widths up to 0.33 ..mu..m for boron-doped and 0.24 ..mu..m for undoped p-i-n devices. In order to achieve high-efficiency cells using CVD from disilane, the limitations imposed by low photoconductivity, a high density of states, and restricted cell design imposed by the high deposition temperatures would have to be overcome.

Hegedus, S.S.; Rocheleau, R.E.; Buchanan, W.; Baron, B.N.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

PROCEEDINGS OF 1976 SUMMER WORKSHOP ON AN ENERGY EXTENSION SERVICE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standards of living and restricted economic activity may be imposed upon us, but approached in the right way,

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Tax and Fiscal Policies for Promotion of Industrial Energy Efficiency: A Survey of International Experience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in wages). The tax on motor fuel oil and electricity waswere imposed on motor fuel, light heating oil, natural gas,

Price, Lynn; Galitsky, Christina; Sinton, Jonathan; Worrell, Ernst; Graus, Wina

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

NIST 09 Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and coatings used in gas turbine engines, etc., where a significant temperature gradient is imposed, owing to increasing ...

2012-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

220

Market Incentives to Improve Cybersecurity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Market Incentives to Improve Cybersecurity Herb Lin ... threaten critical societal functions. Regulation that imposes best practices on system ...

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

ANNUAL QUANTITY AND VALUE OF NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION REPORT FORM ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

reporting system within the limits imposed by the diversity of the data collection systems of the various producing States.

222

Womanhood and Virgo Intacta: Form and Aesthetic Reconstruction in Ovia-Osese Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

creative tension that Western civilisation has imposed on the celebrative fonnat ofthese ceremonies is what this essay

Ododo, Sunday Enessi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Regression Models for Demand Reduction based on Cluster Analysis of Load Profiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a tariff where all electric usage during summer on-peakare imposed for all electric usage that occurs weekdays,

Kiliccote, Sila

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Residential demand for natural gas by black and nonblack households in the Midwest  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a comparative analysis of natural gas demand by black and nonblack households in the Midwest census region. Historically, such comparative analyses have been grounded in comparisons of the share of income spent for energy (see Newman and Day, 1975; Grier, 1979; and Brazzel and Hunter, 1979). Because of theoretical flaws associated with this approach, our analysis is couched within a complete demand system (see Morrissey, 1984) in which certain restrictions required by consumer demand theory are imposed on our energy demand system. This approach should provide more precise measurement of the relative nature of natural gas demand. Philips (1983), Deaton and Muellbauer (1980), and Theil (1980), along with Morrissev, provide fine discussions of the complete demand system. Our working hypothesis is that the structural demand relationship for natural gas is different for black and nonblack households and that this difference reflects the greater vulnerability of blacks to rising prices of natural gas. Because of deficient economic resources and a long legacy of institutional constraints such as financial red-lining and housing discrimination, as well as lingering behavioral characteristics, it remains difficult for blacks to move out of energy-inefficient housing. This, in turn, corresponds directly to a larger energy demand burden for blacks in the Midwest. This paper is organized into four sections. The first section provides the historical background upon which our analysis is based. The second section is a discussion of our demand model. Our empirical results are described in the third section. In the fourth and final section, our conclusions and suggestions for future research are presented. 18 refs., 7 tabs.

Poyer, D.A.; Johnson, G.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Potential impacts of 316(B) regulatory controls on economics, electricity reliability, and the environment.  

SciTech Connect

Nearly half of the US utility-owned steam electric generating capacity is cooled by once-through cooling systems. These plants withdraw cooling water primarily from surface water bodies. Section 316(b) of the Clean Water Act requires that the location, design, construction, and capacity of cooling water intake structures reflect the best technology available (BTA) for minimizing adverse environmental impacts. At present, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has not yet promulgated applicable implementing regulations governing intake structures; however, the Agency is required by a Consent Decree to develop such regulations. EPA has presented a draft tiered regulatory framework approach that, depending on site-specific factors, may impose various regulatory burdens on affected utilities. Potential new requirements could range from compiling and submitting existing data to demonstrate that existing conditions at each unit represent BTA to retrofitting plants with closed-cycle cooling systems (primarily cooling towers). If the final regulations require installation of cooling towers or implementation of other costly plant modifications, utilities may elect to close some generating units rather than invest the finds necessary to upgrade them to meet the Section 316(b) requirements. Potentially, some regions of the country may then have a higher proportion of closed units than others, leading to a concern over the reliability of those regions' electricity supply. If a significant number of plants convert from once-through cooling systems to cooling towers, the environment will face secondary adverse impacts, such as additional fuel usage, air emissions, and water evaporation, and utilities will need to construct additional generating capacity. This paper describes a study that Argonne National Laboratory will conduct for the US Department of Energy to explore some of the potential outcomes of EPA's Section 316(b) regulatory process and their impact on economics, electricity supply reliability, and the environment.

Veil, J. A.

1999-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

226

Center for Technology for Advanced Scientific Component Software (TASCS)  

SciTech Connect

The UO portion of the larger TASCS project was focused on the usability subproject identified in the original project proposal. The key usability issue that we tacked was that of supporting legacy code developers in migrating to a component-oriented design pattern and development model with minimal manual labor. It was observed during the lifetime of the TASCS (and previous CCA efforts) that more often than not, users would arrive with existing code that was developed previous to their exposure to component design methods. As such, they were faced with the task of both learning the CCA toolchain and at the same time, manually deconstructing and reassembling their existing code to fit the design constraints imposed by components. This was a common complaint (and occasional reason for a user to abandon components altogether), so our task was to remove this manual labor as much as possible to lessen the burden placed on the end-user when adopting components for existing codes. To accomplish this, we created a source-based static analysis tool that used code annotations to drive code generation and transformation operations. The use of code annotations is due to one of the key technical challenges facing this work | programming languages are limited in the degree to which application-specific semantics can be represented in code. For example, data types are often ambiguous. The C pointer is the most common example cited in practice. Given a pointer to a location in memory, should it be interpreted as a singleton or an array. If it is to be interpreted as an array, how many dimensions does the array have? What are their extents? The annotation language that we designed and implemented addresses this ambiguity issue by allowing users to decorate their code in places where ambiguity exists in order to guide tools to interpret what the programmer really intends.

Dr. Mathew Sottile

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

227

FINAL REPORT A HIGH SEASONAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Roberts and Liu Keithley team up to lessen the burden as they move from the Theophilus Tower to the Gamma

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

228

Form: Application for Federal Assistance: SF-424 v.2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction ...

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

229

certification, compliance and enforcement regulations for Commercial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

needs to be redone. certification, compliance and enforcement regulations for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment (CRE) More Documents & Publications Regulatory Burden RFI...

230

A Maidu Acorn Dough Carrier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wheat 1967:84-86), but the early replacement of traditional bags and even burden baskets by commercial flour

Bates, Craig D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

BioMed Central  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research article How to limit the burden of data collection for Quality Indicators based on medical records? The COMPAQH experience

Clment Corriol; Valentin Daucourt; Catherine Grenier; Etienne Minvielle; Etienne Minvielle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Software-based tool path evaluation for environmental sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

76% of the total energy is constantly wasted regardless ofenergy and measured the environmental burden of wasted

KONG, DAEYOUNG; Seungchoun Choi; Yusuke Yasui; Sushrut Pavanaskar; Dornfeld, David; Wright, Paul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Increase in Diarrheal Disease Associated with Arsenic Mitigation in Bangladesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Kosek M, Bern C, Guerrant RL (2003) The global burden of diarrhoeal disease, as estimated from studies

van Geen, Alexander

234

An Architectural Framework for Describing Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) Systems, (Masters Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington

Michael P. Ward; Cynthia E. Irvine; Deborah S. Shifflett; Daniel F. Warren; Author(s Ward; Michael P

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE: An Analysis of Linux RAM Forensics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington

Jorge Mario Urrea; Chris Eagle; George Dinolt; Author(s Urrea; Jorge Mario

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE: Developing A Reliable Methodology for Assessing the Computer Network Operations Threat of Iran  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington

Threat Of Iran; Jason P. Patterson; Matthew N. Smith; Dorothy Denning; James Ehlert; Author(s Jason Patterson; Matthew N. Smith

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Wind Turbine Power Generation Emulation Via Doubly Fed Induction Generator Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to

Gregory W. Edwards; Alexander L. Julian; Roberto Cristi; Author(s Gregory W. Edwards

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Wind Energy Conversion System 5. FUNDING NUMBERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to

Jason G. Massey; Alexander Julian; Roberto Cristi; Author(s Jason G. Massey

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE: Airpower and the Emerging U.S. Security Framework for the Persian Gulf  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington

Charles J. Wallace Ii; James A. Russell; Kenneth R. Dombroski

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Nuclear Weapons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington

Charles C. Mayer; Peter R. Lavoy; James A. Russell; Author(s Charles C. Mayer

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE: National Security to Nationalist Myth: Why Iran Wants Nuclear Weapons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington

Charles C. Mayer; Peter R. Lavoy; Co-advisor James; A. Russell; Report Documentation; Page Form; Author(s Charles C. Mayer

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE: Developing a Reliable Methodology for Assessing the Computer Network Operations Threat of North Korea.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington

Threat Of; North Korea; Christopher Brown; Second Reader; Joanne Kim; Report Documentation; Page Form; Author(s Christopher Brown

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Computational Fluid Dynamic Model of Steam Ingestion into a Transonic Compressor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to

Collin R. Hedges; Anthony J. Gannon; Garth V. Hobson; Author(s Collin R. Hedges

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Offsite Shipment Campaign Readiness Assessment (OSCRA): A tool for offsite shipment campaigns  

SciTech Connect

The Offsite Shipment Campaign Readiness Assessment (OSCRA) tool is designed to assist program managers in identifying, implementing, and verifying applicable transportation and disposal regulatory requirements for specific shipment campaigns. OSCRA addresses these issues and provides the program manager with a tool to support planning for safe and compliant transportation of waste and other regulated materials. Waste transportation and disposal requirements must be identified and addressed in the planning phase of a waste management project. In the past, in some cases, transportation and disposal requirements have not been included in overall project plans. These planning deficiencies have led to substantial delays and cost impacts. Additionally, some transportation regulatory requirements have not been properly implemented, resulting in substantial fines and public embarrassment for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). If a material has been processed and packaged for onsite storage (prior to offsite disposal) in a package that does not meet transportation requirements, it must be repackaged in U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)-compliant packaging for transport. This repackaging can result in additional cost, time, and personnel radiation exposure. The original OSCRA concept was developed during the Pond Waste Project at the K-25 Site in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The continued development of OSCRA as a user-friendly tool was funded in 1995 by the DOE Office of Environmental Management, Transportation Management Division (TMD). OSCRA is designed to support waste management managers, site remediation managers, and transportation personnel in defining applicable regulatory transportation and disposal requirements for offsite shipment of hazardous waste and other regulated materials. The need for this tool stems from increasing demands imposed on DOE and the need to demonstrate and document safe and compliant packaging and shipment of wastes from various DOE sites.

Michelhaugh, R.D.; Pope, R.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bisaria, A. [Science Applications International Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

245

Resource supply shocks and the interest rate  

SciTech Connect

Using a model of optimal economic growth with exhaustible resources, the author focuses on a real shock as an essential element of a model of ecomomic fluctuations that contributes substantially to variations in the interest rate, and output. When there occurs a sudden negative resource supply shock, the rate of extraction of the resource declines. Along the optimal path with capital stock fixed in the short run, the output-capital ratio and the real interest rate fall instantaneously. The hypothesis is tested with the quarterly US data using estimation techniques of Vector Autoregressions (VARs). Included are five variables in the VAR model: crude oil price, price level, interest rate, industrial production, and copper price. The general vector autoregressive models are estimated with a prior distribution imposed on the parameters of the model. The period of fit is 1958 to 1983. Impulse response functions of the system and historical decompositions of the time series are investigated. Empirical studies support the derived working hypothesis that real interest rate falls instantaneously and then slowly recovers in the long run when there occurs a negative resource supply shock.

Kang, M.S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Analysis of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990: A forecast of the electric utility industry response to Title IV, Acid Deposition Control  

SciTech Connect

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 incorporate, for the first time, provisions aimed specifically at the control of acid rain. These provisions restrict emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) and oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) from electric power generating stations. The restrictions on SO{sub 2} take the form of an overall cap on the aggregate emissions from major generating plants, allowing substantial flexibility in the industry`s response to those restrictions. This report discusses one response scenario through the year 2030 that was examined through a simulation of the utility industry based on assumptions consistent with characterizations used in the National Energy Strategy reference case. It also makes projections of emissions that would result from the use of existing and new capacity and of the associated additional costs of meeting demand subject to the emission limitations imposed by the Clean Air Act. Fuel-use effects, including coal-market shifts, consistent with the response scenario are also described. These results, while dependent on specific assumptions for this scenario, provide insight into the general character of the likely utility industry response to Title IV.

Molburg, J.C.; Fox, J.A.; Pandola, G.; Cilek, C.M.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Analysis of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990: A forecast of the electric utility industry response to Title IV, Acid Deposition Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 incorporate, for the first time, provisions aimed specifically at the control of acid rain. These provisions restrict emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO[sub 2]) and oxides of nitrogen (NO[sub x]) from electric power generating stations. The restrictions on SO[sub 2] take the form of an overall cap on the aggregate emissions from major generating plants, allowing substantial flexibility in the industry's response to those restrictions. This report discusses one response scenario through the year 2030 that was examined through a simulation of the utility industry based on assumptions consistent with characterizations used in the National Energy Strategy reference case. It also makes projections of emissions that would result from the use of existing and new capacity and of the associated additional costs of meeting demand subject to the emission limitations imposed by the Clean Air Act. Fuel-use effects, including coal-market shifts, consistent with the response scenario are also described. These results, while dependent on specific assumptions for this scenario, provide insight into the general character of the likely utility industry response to Title IV.

Molburg, J.C.; Fox, J.A.; Pandola, G.; Cilek, C.M.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Transportation Energy Futures Series: Freight Transportation Modal Shares: Scenarios for a Low-Carbon Future  

SciTech Connect

Truck, rail, water, air, and pipeline modes each serve a distinct share of the freight transportation market. The current allocation of freight by mode is the product of technologic, economic, and regulatory frameworks, and a variety of factors -- price, speed, reliability, accessibility, visibility, security, and safety -- influence mode. Based on a comprehensive literature review, this report considers how analytical methods can be used to project future modal shares and offers insights on federal policy decisions with the potential to prompt shifts to energy-efficient, low-emission modes. There are substantial opportunities to reduce the energy used for freight transportation, but it will be difficult to shift large volumes from one mode to another without imposing considerable additional costs on businesses and consumers. This report explores federal government actions that could help trigger the shifts in modal shares needed to reduce energy consumption and emissions. This is one in a series of reports produced as a result of the Transportation Energy Futures project, a Department of Energy-sponsored multi-agency effort to pinpoint underexplored strategies for reducing GHGs and petroleum dependence related to transportation.

Brogan, J. J.; Aeppli, A. E.; Beagan, D. F.; Brown, A.; Fischer, M. J.; Grenzeback, L. R.; McKenzie, E.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Vyas, A. D.; Witzke, E.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Deconfinement transition in protoneutron stars: Analysis within the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the effect of color superconductivity and neutrino trapping on the deconfinement transition of hadronic matter into quark matter in a protoneutron star. To describe the strongly interacting matter a two-phase picture is adopted. For the hadronic phase we use different parametrizations of a nonlinear Walecka model which includes the whole baryon octet. For the quark-matter phase we use an SU(3){sub f} Nambu-Jona-Lasinio effective model which includes color superconductivity. We impose color and flavor conservation during the transition in such a way that just deconfined quark matter is transitorily out of equilibrium with respect to weak interactions. We find that deconfinement is more difficult for small neutrino content and it is easier for lower temperatures although these effects are not too large. In addition they will tend to cancel each other as the protoneutron star cools and deleptonizes, resulting a transition density that is roughly constant along the evolution of the protoneutron star. According to these results the deconfinement transition is favored after substantial cooling and contraction of the protoneutron star.

Lugones, G.; Carmo, T. A. S. do [Universidade Federal do ABC, Centro de Ciencias Naturais e Humanas, Rua Santa Adelia, 166, 09210-170, Santo Andre (Brazil); Grunfeld, A. G. [CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, (1033) Buenos Aires (Argentina); Departmento de Fisica, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, (1429) Buenos Aires (Argentina); Department of Physics, Sultan Qaboos University, P.O. Box: 36 Al-Khode 123 Muscat (Oman); Scoccola, N. N. [CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, (1033) Buenos Aires (Argentina); Departmento de Fisica, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, (1429) Buenos Aires (Argentina); Universidad Favaloro, Solis 453, (1078) Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

250

Challenge of carbon capture  

SciTech Connect

Finding more-effective, less-expensive ways to capture the CO{sub 2} produced by coal-fired power plants could significantly lower the cost of reducing emissions while preserving coal as a vital energy resource. Several technological approaches have been proposed, but all options currently available would, indeed, impose substantial costs and impact plant efficiencies. Ongoing research promises to provide a suite of improved technologies that will give plant owners viable options to meet their specific needs. The article discusses the options for CO{sub 2} capture by precombustion based on IGCC systems, post combustion, or oxyfuel combustion. EPRI's work to develop a process to capture CO{sub 2} using chilled ammonia (rather than the more usual MEA) as a solvent is described. A 5 MW pilot plant is to be built at the We Energies Pleasant Prairie Power Plant. Other research programs (in Europe and Australia) are also mentioned. Deployment of a new generation of ultrasuperciritcal pulverized coal power plants designed to have greater efficiency and hence lower CO{sub 2} emissions is under development. Efforts to improve precombustion capture are reported in the article. Also noted are two recent studies (one by the IEA Greenhouse Gas R & D Programme and another by CPS Energy) comparing the performance of IGCC and supercritical PC plants incorporating CO{sub 2} capture. 3 figs., 3 photos.

Douglas, J.

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Report of the Committee on Oil Pipeline Regulation  

SciTech Connect

As described in this report, the past year has seen several significant developments in the field of oil pipeline regulation. Foremost among those developments was the passage of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 which, among other things, requires substantial reforms in the way that the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) regulates oil pipelines. Other 1992 legislative developments include the amendment and reauthorization of the Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Act of 1979 (HLPSA). The amendments, implemented pursuant to the Pipeline Safety Act of 1992, impose additional pipeline inspection and reporting duties upon the Department of Transportation (DOT). On the administrative front, the FERC issued its Policy Statement on Incentive Regulation, which establishes an alternative to the traditional cost of service approach to setting rates for oil pipelines, as well as for natural gas pipelines and electric utilities that have market power. Finally, in two cases, Bonito Pipe Line Co. and Oxy Interstate Commerce Act (ICA) over oil pipelines operating on the outer Continental Shelf (OCS).

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

The effect of magnetic field on optimal design of a rigid-bus substation  

SciTech Connect

Substation rigid-bus design involves electrical, mechanical, and structural considerations. In order to integrate these considerations into one document, IEEE in cooperation with ANSI has issued a comprehensive guide for design of substation rigid-bus systems. The design process based on this guide involves substantial manual effort to integrate all types of calculations. This is particularly evident when the computations have to be repeated several times in order to arrive at a more economic design. In an earlier paper the authors presented a mathematical model and computer program which automates the design process. Recently there has been concern expressed about the possible biological effects of low level magnetic fields. In view of this, a new design constraint taking into account the limits imposed on the magnitude of the magnetic field can be added to the design guidelines. In this paper the authors introduce such a constraint and they show how the magnitude of allowable magnetic field at a specified distance from the station buses affects the optimal design of a rigid bus substation.

Anders, G.J.; Ford, G.L.; Horrocks, D.J. (Ontario Hydro, Toronto, Ontario (Canada))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Crystal-Tolerant Glass Approach For Mitigation Of Crystal Accumulation In Continuous Melters Processing Radioactive Waste  

SciTech Connect

High-level radioactive waste melters are projected to operate in an inefficient manner as they are subjected to artificial constraints, such as minimum liquidus temperature (T{sub L}) or maximum equilibrium fraction of crystallinity at a given temperature. These constraints substantially limit waste loading, but were imposed to prevent clogging of the melter with spinel crystals [(Fe, Ni, Mn, Zn)(Fe, Cr){sub 2}O{sub 4}]. In the melter, the glass discharge riser is the most likely location for crystal accumulation during idling because of low glass temperatures, stagnant melts, and small diameter. To address this problem, a series of lab-scale crucible tests were performed with specially formulated glasses to simulate accumulation of spinel in the riser. Thicknesses of accumulated layers were incorporated into empirical model of spinel settling. In addition, T{sub L} of glasses was measured and impact of particle agglomeration on accumulation rate was evaluated. Empirical model predicted well the accumulation of single crystals and/or smallscale agglomerates, but, excessive agglomeration observed in high-Ni-Fe glass resulted in an under-prediction of accumulated layers, which gradually worsen over time as an increased number of agglomerates formed. Accumulation rate of ~14.9 +- 1 nm/s determined for this glass will result in ~26 mm thick layer in 20 days of melter idling.

Kruger, Albert A. [Department of Energy, Office of River Protection, Richland, Washington (United States); Rodriguez, Carmen P. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Lang, Jesse B. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Huckleberry, Adam R. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Matyas, Josef [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Owen, Antoinette T. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

254

HIGH-PERFORMANCE COATING MATERIALS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Corrosion, erosion, oxidation, and fouling by scale deposits impose critical issues in selecting the metal components used at geothermal power plants operating at brine temperatures up to 300 C. Replacing these components is very costly and time consuming. Currently, components made of titanium alloy and stainless steel commonly are employed for dealing with these problems. However, another major consideration in using these metals is not only that they are considerably more expensive than carbon steel, but also the susceptibility of corrosion-preventing passive oxide layers that develop on their outermost surface sites to reactions with brine-induced scales, such as silicate, silica, and calcite. Such reactions lead to the formation of strong interfacial bonds between the scales and oxide layers, causing the accumulation of multiple layers of scales, and the impairment of the plant component's function and efficacy; furthermore, a substantial amount of time is entailed in removing them. This cleaning operation essential for reusing the components is one of the factors causing the increase in the plant's maintenance costs. If inexpensive carbon steel components could be coated and lined with cost-effective high-hydrothermal temperature stable, anti-corrosion, -oxidation, and -fouling materials, this would improve the power plant's economic factors by engendering a considerable reduction in capital investment, and a decrease in the costs of operations and maintenance through optimized maintenance schedules.

SUGAMA,T.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Aperture Test for Internal Target Operation in the JLAB High-current ERL  

SciTech Connect

A high current beam transmission test has been successfully completed at the JLAB FEL Facility, culminating in very low-loss transmission of a high current CW beam through a small aperture. The purpose of this test was to determine if an ERL is capable of meeting the stringent requirements imposed by the use of a 1018/cm3 internal gas target proposed for the DarkLight experiment*. Minimal beamline modifications were made to create a machine configuration that is substantially different from those used in routine UV or IR FEL operation. A sustained (8 hour) high power beam run was performed, with clean transmission through a 2 mm transverse aperture of 127 mm length simulating the target configuration. A beam size of 50 um (rms) was measured near the center of the aperture. Experimental data from a week-long test run consistently exhibited beam loss of only a few ppm on the aperture while running 4.5 mA current at 100 MeV -- or nearly 0.5 MW beam power. This surpassed the users? expectation and demonstrated a unique capability of an ERL for this type of experiments. This report presents a summary of the experiment, a brief overview of our activities, and outlines future plans.

Zhang, Shukui

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Impacts from Deployment Barriers on the United States Wind Power Industry: Overview & Preliminary Findings (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Regardless of cost and performance some wind projects are unable to proceed to commissioning as a result of deployment barriers. Principal deployment barriers in the industry today include: wildlife, public acceptance, access to transmission, and radar. To date, methods for understanding these non-technical barriers have failed to accurately characterize the costs imposed by deployment barriers and the degree of impact to the industry. Analytical challenges include limited data and modeling capabilities. Changes in policy and regulation, among other factors, also add complexity to analysis of impacts from deployment barriers. This presentation details preliminary results from new NREL analysis focused on quantifying the impact of deployment barriers on the wind resource of the United States, the installed cost of wind projects, and the total electric power system cost of a 20% wind energy future. In terms of impacts to wind project costs and developable land, preliminary findings suggest that deployment barriers are secondary to market drivers such as demand. Nevertheless, impacts to wind project costs are on the order of $100/kW and a substantial share of the potentially developable windy land in the United States is indeed affected by deployment barriers.

Lantz, E.; Tegen, S.; Hand, M.; Heimiller, D.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

32 JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY VOLUME 29 Impact of a Vertical Vorticity Constraint in Variational Dual-Doppler Wind Analysis: Tests with Real and Simulated Supercell Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the greatest challenges to dual-Doppler retrieval of the vertical wind is the lack of low-level divergence information available to the mass conservation constraint. This study examines the impact of a vertical vorticity equation constraint on vertical velocity retrievals when radar observations are lacking near the ground. The analysis proceeds in a three-dimensional variational data assimilation (3DVAR) framework with the anelastic form of the vertical vorticity equation imposed along with traditional data, mass conservation, and smoothness constraints. The technique is tested using emulated radial wind observations of a supercell storm simulated by the Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS), as well as real dual-Doppler observations of a supercell storm that occurred in Oklahoma on 8 May 2003. Special attention is given to procedures to evaluate the vorticity tendency term, including spatially variable advection correction and estimation of the intrinsic evolution. Volume scan times ranging from 5 min, typical of operational radar networks, down to 30 s, achievable by rapid-scan mobile radars, are considered. The vorticity constraint substantially improves the vertical velocity retrievals in our experiments, particularly for volume scan times smaller than 2 min. 1.

Corey K. Potvin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Preparation and purification of ionic liquids and precursors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Substantially pure ionic liquids and ionic liquid precursors were prepared. The substantially pure ionic liquid precursors were used to prepare substantially pure ionic liquids.

Burrell, Anthony K. (Los Alamos, NM); Warner, Benjamin P. (Los Alamos, NM); McCleskey, T. Mark (Los Alamos, NM); Agrawal, Anoop (Tucson, AZ)

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

259

Recommended Rule Amendment This Market Rule number is located on the Current Market Rule Amendment web page. Date relevant Amendment Submission, Proposed or Recommended Rule Amendment posted for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Provide your comments. I agree that the current requirement for IMO compliant metering does place an increased and unnecessary financial burden on the generation facility owner and the host transmission customer (the LDCs). From the generator facility owners perspective, installing IMO metering generally provides no direct benefit. Depending on the physical situation, there is almost always revenue-grade metering installed already on the physical generator(s), and a revenue-grade metering installation suitable to the LDC installed at the point of connection. Installing IMO metering will often duplicate metering information already available. The marginal increase in level of accuracy and redundancy of IMO compliant metering is not worth the added cost. If we were talking about large generators (greater than 20 MW as suggested in the proposal), redundant and highly accurate metering would be installed just as a matter of course, as the dollars involved certainly justify it. However, on these smaller projects, the financial pressures are substantial, and adding the extra capital cost and ongoing maintenance and re-certification of IMO metering just cannot be justified from our

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

This Market Rule number is located on the Current Market Rule Amendment web page. Recommended Rule Amendment Date relevant Amendment Submission, Proposed or Recommended Rule Amendment posted for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Provide your comments. I agree that the current requirement for IMO compliant metering does place an increased and unnecessary financial burden on the generation facility owner and the host transmission customer (the LDCs). From the generator facility owners perspective, installing IMO metering generally provides no direct benefit. Depending on the physical situation, there is almost always revenue-grade metering installed already on the physical generator(s), and a revenue-grade metering installation suitable to the LDC installed at the point of connection. Installing IMO metering will often duplicate metering information already available. The marginal increase in level of accuracy and redundancy of IMO compliant metering is not worth the added cost. If we were talking about large generators (greater than 20 MW as suggested in the proposal), redundant and highly accurate metering would be installed just as a matter of course, as the dollars involved certainly justify it. However, on these smaller projects, the financial pressures are substantial, and adding the extra capital cost and ongoing maintenance and re-certification of IMO metering just cannot be justified from our

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Toward Design of a Universal Flu Vaccine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Toward Design of a Universal Flu Toward Design of a Universal Flu Vaccine Toward Design of a Universal Flu Vaccine Print Wednesday, 30 January 2013 00:00 Worldwide, influenza causes substantial deaths and yearly economic burdens, but the highly changeable nature of the flu virus complicates the production of an effective vaccine. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that the effectiveness of this year's flu vaccine is about 62%. For comparison, this number for childhood vaccines is routinely well over 90%. One factor in determining the vaccine's effectiveness is how closely related the viruses used in the vaccine are to the viruses circulating that year. An international team of researchers, working at synchrotron facilities including the ALS, has solved the crystal structures of antibodies that protect against broad classes of influenza strains. Greater understanding of these antibody structures may aid in the eventual development of a universal vaccine, protecting against all types of influenza viruses and thus eliminating the guesswork that currently limits vaccine effectiveness.

262

Assessment of Indoor Air Quality Benefits and Energy Costs of Mechanical Ventilation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intake of chemical air pollutants in residences represents an important and substantial health hazard. Sealing homes to reduce air infiltration can save space conditioning energy, but can also increase indoor pollutant concentrations. Mechanical ventilation ensures a minimum amount of outdoor airflow that helps reduce concentrations of indoor emitted pollutants while requiring some energy for fan(s) and thermal conditioning of the added airflow. This work demonstrates a physics based, data driven modeling framework for comparing the costs and benefits of whole-house mechanical ventilation and applied the framework to new California homes. The results indicate that, on a population basis, the health benefits from reduced exposure to indoor pollutants in New California homes are worth the energy costs of adding mechanical ventilation as specified by ASHRAE Standard 62.2.This study determines the health burden for a subset of pollutants in indoor air and the costs and benefits of ASHRAE's mechanical ventilation standard (62.2) for new California homes. Results indicate that, on a population basis, the health benefits of new home mechanical ventilation justify the energy costs.

Logue, J.M.; Price, P.N.; Sherman, M.H.; Singer, B.C.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Comparative Inter-Species Pharmacokinetics of Phenoxyacetic Acid Herbicides and Related Organic Acids. Evidence that the Dog is Not a Relevant Species for Evaluation of Human Health Risk.  

SciTech Connect

Phenoxyacetic acids including 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) are widely utilized organic acid herbicides that have undergone extensive toxicity and pharmacokinetic analyses. The dog is particularly susceptible to the toxicity of phenoxyacetic acids and related organic acids relative to other species. Active renal clearance mechanisms for organic acids are ubiquitous in mammalian species, and thus a likely mechanism responsible for the increased sensitivity of the dog to these agents is linked to a lower capacity to secrete organic acids from the kidney. Using published data describing the pharmacokinetics of phenoxyacetic and structurally related organic acids in a variety of species including humans, inter-species comparative pharmacokinetics were evaluated using allometic parameter scaling. For both 2,4-D and MCPA the dog plasma half-life (t1/2) and renal clearance (Clr; ml hr-1) rates did not scale as a function of body weight across species; whereas for all other species evaluated, including humans, these pharmacokinetic parameters reasonably scaled. This exceptional response in the dog is clearly illustrated by comparing the plasma t1/2 at comparable doses of 2,4-D and MCPA, across several species. At a dosage of 5 mg/kg, in dogs the plasma t1/2 for 2,4-D and MCPA were {approx}92 - 106 hr and 63 hr, respectively, which is substantially longer than in the rat ({approx}1 and 6 hr, respectively) or in humans (12 and 11 hr, respectively). This longer t1/2, and slower elimination in the dog, results in substantially higher body burdens of these organic acids, at comparable doses, relative to other species. Although these results indicate the important role of renal transport clearance mechanisms as determinants of the clearance and potential toxicity outcomes of phenoxyacetic acid herbicides across several species, other contributing mechanisms such as reabsorption from the renal tubules is highly likely. These findings suggest that for new structurally similar organic acids, a limited comparative species (rat vs. dog) pharmacokinetic analysis early in the toxicology evaluation process may provide important insight into the relevance of the dog. In summary, the substantial difference between the pharmacokinetics of phenoxyacetic acids and related organic acids in dogs relative to other species, including humans, questions the relevance of using dog toxicity data for the extrapolation of human health risk.

Timchalk, Chuck

2004-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

Extinguishing agent for combustible metal fires  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low chloride extinguishing agent for combustible metal fires comprising from substantially 75 to substantially 94 weight percent of sodium carbonate as the basic fire extinguishing material, from substantially 1 to substantially 5 weight percent of a water-repellent agent such as a metal stearate, from substantially 2 to substantially 10 weight percent of a flow promoting agent such as attapulgus clay, and from substantially 3 to substantially 15 weight percent of a polyamide resin as a crusting agent.

Riley, John F. (Menominee, MI); Stauffer, Edgar Eugene (Wallace, MI)

1976-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

265

Using telework and flexible work arrangements as a congestion mitigation strategy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Congestion is one of the most pressing urban issues Texans face today it imposes steep social and economic costs on citizens and businesses and (more)

Brady, John F., 1986-

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

First Principles Study of the Li[subscript 10]GeP[subscript 2]S[subscript 12] Lithium Super Ionic Conductor Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The continued drive for high performance lithium batteries has imposed stricter requirements on the electrolyte materials. Solid electrolytes comprising lithium super ionic conductor materials exhibit good safety and ...

Mo, Yifei

267

Oil and Gas Field Code Master List 2000 - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

respondents to Form FPC 15, Interstate Pipelines Annual ... conventions imposed by the data block length on DOE forms and by the field naming ...

268

Effect of Tempering Treatment on Recovery Kinetics of Quenched ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Quenched and tempered steel tubes are widely used in oil&gas exploration and production. Some processes impose cold deformation on tubes...

269

Tubular Processing & Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quenched and tempered steel tubes are widely used in oil&gas exploration and production. Some processes impose cold deformation after tempering, and a...

270

North Dakota | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

regulations pertaining to imposed taxes. Additional regulations may apply to oil and gas exploration and production in the Fort Berthold Reservation (see section 57-51.2). July...

271

Recovery Kinetics of Cold-worked Quenched and Tempered Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Quenched and tempered steel tubes are widely used in oil&gas exploration and production. Some processes impose cold deformation after...

272

Materials Challanges in Hostile Environments - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... Quenched and tempered steel tubes are widely used in oil&gas exploration and production. Some processes impose cold deformation on...

273

Economic Impacts of Flow-Control Machining Technology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... price of gasoline has dropped to levels prior to the oil shocks, and ... This legislation imposes "gas guzzler" taxes on buyers of low-mpg vehicles, and ...

1999-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

274

JOINT SPECTRAL RADIUS AND PATH-COMPLETE GRAPH ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

proximation of the joint spectral radius. The approach is based on the analysis of the underlying switched system via inequalities imposed among multiple...

275

Topographic analysis and Weibull regression for prediction of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... were imposed using an augmented20 Marciniak flat bottom ram test.16 ... cut from the centre of each deformed specimen for topographic analysis. ...

2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

276

AN EFFICIENT MATRIX SPLITTING METHOD FOR THE SECOND ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

general does not impose any requirement on the structure of the matrix, and (iii) when Bii is chosen properly (for example lower triangular), solving our nonlinear.

277

Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

'' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of...

278

POSTERS - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 28, 2011 ... Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) was performed to ...... current management, and proper management of waste and tariffs imposed by.

279

EIA - Federal Fuels Taxes and Tax Credits  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Ethanol Import Tariff . Currently, two duties are imposed on imported ethanol. ... Defense Energy Support Center, Compilation of United States Fuel Taxes ...

280

Nigeria - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Installed electricity capacity has remained relatively stable ... The Nigeria Electricity Regulatory Commission has also said that new tariffs will be imposed on ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Climate and Transportation Solutions: Findings from the 2009 Asilomar Conference on Transportation and Energy Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy security surcharge on imported fuel. While the Obamafuel ef?cient automobiles. Under this approach, the government would impose a variable gasoline surcharge

Sperling, Daniel; Cannon, James S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

High-Voltage Impulse Testers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The objective of this test circuit is to super- impose on a ... pulse is coupled across inductance L by the coupling capacitor Ca. ... P lastic Capacitors, Inc. ...

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

283

Electrochemical Solution Growth  

chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) technology. The ions are delivered to a rotating seed crystal surface by way of the fluid dynamics imposed by

284

Answering complex, list and context questions with LCC's  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... is imposed by questions like "What is done with worn and outdated flags?". ... showing that the esophagus is part of the digestive tube or gastroin ...

2002-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

285

Guidance Concerning Enforcement of EISA 2007 Standards Candelabra Base and Intermediate Base Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007) imposed energy conservation standards for candelabra and intermediate base lamps, and those provisions became effective with the statute.

286

1 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

order growth condition in the framework of conic programs with C2-smooth data. ... space. Imposing the classical RCQ, we prove that Lipschitzian full stability...

287

Application for Refund | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1973 through 1981, the Federal government imposed price and allocation controls of crude oil and refined petroleum products, such as gasoline and heating oil. During that period...

288

Oil Overcharge Refund Cases 1997 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 Oil Overcharge Refund Cases 1997 During the period 1973 through 1981, the Federal government imposed price and allocation controls of crude oil and refined petroleum products,...

289

Disposition Record Request: Oil Import Appeals Board | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Record Request: Oil Import Appeals Board Disposition Record Request: Oil Import Appeals Board OIAB Case Files. Records consist of company requests for relief from hardship imposed...

290

Oil Overcharge Refund Cases 2007 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 Oil Overcharge Refund Cases 2007 During the period 1973 through 1981, the Federal government imposed price and allocation controls of crude oil and refined petroleum products,...

291

A scenario decomposition algorithm for 0-1 stochastic programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 26, 2013... and impose a time limit of 5000 seconds. All computations are done using the boyle cluster in the ISyE High Performance Computing Facility.

292

Definition: Generator Shift Factor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

output will impose on an identified transmission facility or Flowgate.1 Related Terms transmission lines, transmission line, flowgate, smart grid References Glossary of...

293

Public Safety Network Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Usage scenario. ... imposed by public safety applications and usage scenarios is key in ... requirements as shown in Figure 2. This analysis was used as ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

294

String Field Equations from Generalized Sigma Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

beta function computed in the one loop approximation, using the background fieldfield equations are then derived by imposing quantum scale invariance, which amounts to demanding that the beta

Bardakci, K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Successful cognitive aging in persons living with HIV infection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Successful cognitive aging (SCA) was operationally definedrisk factors imposed by aging and HIV, there is considerableuals with HIV who are aging successfully (e.g. , free from

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Cyclic behavior and design of steel columns subjected to large drift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

remain elastic under the maximum demand that can be imposedLarge Cycles Cumulative Demand Maximum Cycle Range MaximumLarge Cycles Cumulative Demand Maximum Cycle Range Maximum

Newell, James David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Principle-agent Incentives, Excess Caution, and Market Inefficiency: Evidence from Utility Regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

give LDCs incentives to reduce their natural gas purchasenatural gas distribution company may, due to regulatory incentives,incentives impose on utilities can distort forward natural gas

Borenstein, Severin; Busse, Meghan; Kellog, Ryan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Principal-agent incentives, excess caution, and market inefficiency: Evidence from utility regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

give LDCs incentives to reduce their natural gas purchasenatural gas distribution company may, due to regulatory incentives,incentives impose on utilities can distort forward natural gas

Borenstein, Severin; Busse, Meghan; KELLOGG, RYAN M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

wavelengths. In toy models of the atmosphere, "Rayleigh damping" is used as a sink of kinetic energy in the free troposphere. Rayleigh damping accomplishes this by imposing a...

300

Three approaches to economical photovoltaics: conformal Cu2S, organic luminescent films, and PbSe nanocrystal superlattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

keep shale ban until fracking alternative emerges. Business-farmers see threat from fracking. The New York Times,Agbroko. S.Africa imposes fracking moratorium in karoo.

Carbone, Ian Anthony

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Notice of Reestablishment of the Electricity Advisory Committee  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fuel standard (RFS) would impose a ''disproportionate economic hardship'' on small refineries. This survey will provide technical information to support the study. Issued in...

302

Diagnostic du colmatage des gnrateurs de vapeur l'aide de modles physiques et statistiques.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Les gnrateurs de vapeur sont d'imposants changeurs de chaleur qui alimentent les turbines des centrales nuclaires eau pressurise. Au cours de leur exploitation, des (more)

Girard, Sylvain

303

Rethinking Anticircumvention's Interoperability Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1991) (the essential facilities doctrine imposes liabilitythe analysis of the essential facilities doctrine discussed194 Although the essential facilities doctrine developed out

Perzanowski, Aaron K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Developing radiation hardening by design methodologies for single event mitigation in silicon-germanium bicmos technologies .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Extreme environment applications impose stringent demands on technology platforms that are incorporated in electronic systems. Space is a classic extreme environment, encompassing both large temperature (more)

Phillips, Stanley D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

THE UNITED STATES AND THE METRIC SYSTEM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... time the United States became a dominant force in world trade and was able to impose its products, manufactured in their unconventional units, on ...

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

306

NVLAP Electromagnetic Compatibility and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 462 impose requirements for devices used in various ground, flight, and ... The demonstrations requested may be selective or all-inclusive and shall ...

2013-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

307

Formal Specification of Operating System Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... have specified high-level security policy models that can ... to bypass re-strictions the BLP model imposes and ... privileges listed in Table 1 or PV ROOT ...

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

308

Formal Specification of Operating System Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... have specified high-level security policy models that can ... to bypass re- strictions the BLP model imposes and ... privileges listed in Table 1 or PV ROOT ...

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

309

C:\\ANNUAL\\VENTCHAP.V8\\NewNGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

agencies under a standard data reporting system within the limits imposed by the diversity of data collection systems of the various producing States. In 1996, the Form was...

310

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

limit of available NERSC and OLCF computing on heterogeneousperspective. Centers like the OLCF have imposed a paradigmNTM Neoclassical Tearing Mode OLCF Oak Ridge Leadership

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

ChemEdPaper.pdf.old - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Taking into account both the learning capabilities of students of chemistry and .... have a steeper learning curve than others, any software imposes on a user the...

312

Request for Proposal Number DE-RP36-98GO10337 for the Management...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

requirements imposed by the Contracting Officer pursuant to the Laws, Regulations, and DOE Directives clause of this contract. Nothing in this paragraph (a) is to be construed...

313

computer security services - Federal Standards - NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... those agencies that require it, but does not impose ... requirements on agencies that do not require it ... [an error occurred while processing this directive].

314

The River Runs Dry: Examining Water Shortages in the Yellow River Basin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or place limits on water intake, but in China they areto impose limits on the intake of water and to slow water

Zusman, Eric

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

A Quasi-linear Viscoelastic Constitutive Equation for the Brain ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 25, 2006 ... Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006. Abstract ...... more, by imposing continuity of the elastic response and the relaxation function at.

316

Business value and risk in the presence of price controls: an option ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 20, 2009 ... Strategic Finance Institute, European Business School, International University, Schlo ...... We impose C1-continuity at Y(t) = Y. ?.

317

Part 1, Chapter 4: Security and Audit Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... that they can be audited independently of ... for voter-verifiable paper audit trail voting ... Auditing procedures for IVVR systems imposes requirements ...

318

Twinning and Slip Interactions with Grain Boundaries in Hexagonal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 31, 2013 ... The coherency strain locally imposed by these dipoles triggers nucleation of ... These twin nucleation events are attributed to slip transfer from...

319

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Refund During the period 1973 through 1981, the Federal government imposed price and allocation controls of crude oil and refined petroleum products, such as...

320

Flexibility-The Key to Sustainability in Steel Manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... faced today imposed by energy, raw materials supply and over supply in the ... Performance Evaluation, Technical and Environmental Aspects of Biomass...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Cooperative Communication over Underwater Acoustic Channels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??As diverse and data-heavy underwater applications emerge, demanding requirements are further imposed on underwater wireless communication systems. Future underwater wireless communication networks might consist of (more)

Aldharrab, Suhail Ibrahim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Highlights - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Order that, among other points, allowed sanctions to be imposed on companiesinvolvedwith Irans oil industry. Canada, Great Britain, and the European Union

323

Can Publishing Your U.S. Patent Application Reveal Confidential ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a result, public disclosure through publication does not necessarily leave the ... The U.S. government may impose a secrecy order on an application in...

324

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BEFORE THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricidad (CFE), which is a public agency that provides electric service in Mexico. 6 a. NERC Standards The Emergency Preparedness and Operations (EOP) standards impose the...

325

I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

is granted. An exemption may be granted NY State Department of Environmental Conservation and the NY State Department of Health determine the LLRW transport cannot impose a...

326

EIA Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gas & Electric Co. filed a request with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission for emergency price relief from the astronomical prices, asking for a price cap to be imposed...

327

All General Counsel Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, 2011 1, 2011 Comment On: DOE-HQ-2011-0014-0001 Reducing Regulatory Burden Comments on reducing regulatory burden. March 31, 2011 Regulatory Burden RFI Hearth & Home Technologies comments on Regulatory Burden RFI March 24, 2011 Comment On: DOE-HQ-2011-0014-0001 Reducing Regulatory Burden Hussmann manufacturer of commercial refrigeration products, appreciates the opportunity to comment on the Department of Energy's Request for Comments on the topic of the Regulatory Burden notice of published in the Federal Register on February 3, 2011. Our comments on several issues listed in the proposed RFI follow. March 23, 2011 O:\IM-20\E-Government Program Office\FDMS\FDMS database\DOE\2011\DOE-HQ-2011-0014 - Daniel Cohen - GC\Comments from FDMS\Charles W Adams DRAFT-0005.html

328

May 1, 2008 through April 30, 2009.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Yakima-Klickitat Fisheries Project (YKFP) is a joint project of the Yakama Nation (lead entity) and the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) and is sponsored in large part by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) with oversight and guidance from the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC). It is among the largest and most complex fisheries management projects in the Columbia Basin in terms of data collection and management, physical facilities, habitat enhancement and management, and experimental design and research on fisheries resources. Using principles of adaptive management, the YKFP is attempting to evaluate all stocks historically present in the Yakima subbasin and apply a combination of habitat restoration and hatchery supplementation or reintroduction, to restore the Yakima Subbasin ecosystem with sustainable and harvestable populations of salmon, steelhead and other at-risk species. The original impetus for the YKFP resulted from the landmark fishing disputes of the 1970s, the ensuing legal decisions in United States versus Washington and United States versus Oregon, and the region's realization that lost natural production needed to be mitigated in upriver areas where these losses primarily occurred. The YKFP was first identified in the NPCC's 1982 Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) and supported in the U.S. v Oregon 1988 Columbia River Fish Management Plan (CRFMP). A draft Master Plan was presented to the NPCC in 1987 and the Preliminary Design Report was presented in 1990. In both circumstances, the NPCC instructed the Yakama Nation, WDFW and BPA to carry out planning functions that addressed uncertainties in regard to the adequacy of hatchery supplementation for meeting production objectives and limiting adverse ecological and genetic impacts. At the same time, the NPCC underscored the importance of using adaptive management principles to manage the direction of the Project. The 1994 FWP reiterated the importance of proceeding with the YKFP because of the added production and learning potential the project would provide. The YKFP is unique in having been designed to rigorously test the efficacy of hatchery supplementation. Given the current dire situation of many salmon and steelhead stocks, and the heavy reliance on artificial propagation as a recovery tool, YKFP monitoring results will have great region-wide significance. Supplementation is envisioned as a means to enhance and sustain the abundance of wild and naturally-spawning populations at levels exceeding the cumulative mortality burden imposed on those populations by habitat degradation and by natural cycles in environmental conditions. A supplementation hatchery is properly operated as an adjunct to the natural production system in a watershed. By fully integrating the hatchery with a naturally-producing population, high survival rates for the component of the population in the hatchery can raise the average abundance of the total population (hatchery component + naturally-producing component) to a level that compensates for the high mortalities imposed by human development activities and fully seeds the natural environment. The objectives of the YKFP are to: use Ecosystem Diagnosis and Treatment (EDT) and other modeling tools to facilitate planning for project activities, enhance existing stocks, re-introduce extirpated stocks, protect and restore habitat in the Yakima Subbasin, and operate using a scientifically rigorous process that will foster application of the knowledge gained about hatchery supplementation and habitat restoration throughout the Columbia River Basin. The YKFP is still in the early stages of evaluation, and as such the data and findings presented in this report should be considered preliminary until results are published in the peer-reviewed literature. The following is a brief summary of current YKFP activities by species.

Sampson, Melvin R. [The Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

329

Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project Monitoring and Evaluation, Final Report For the Performance Period May 1, 2008 through April 30, 2009.  

SciTech Connect

The Yakima-Klickitat Fisheries Project (YKFP) is a joint project of the Yakama Nation (lead entity) and the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) and is sponsored in large part by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) with oversight and guidance from the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC). It is among the largest and most complex fisheries management projects in the Columbia Basin in terms of data collection and management, physical facilities, habitat enhancement and management, and experimental design and research on fisheries resources. Using principles of adaptive management, the YKFP is attempting to evaluate all stocks historically present in the Yakima subbasin and apply a combination of habitat restoration and hatchery supplementation or reintroduction, to restore the Yakima Subbasin ecosystem with sustainable and harvestable populations of salmon, steelhead and other at-risk species. The original impetus for the YKFP resulted from the landmark fishing disputes of the 1970s, the ensuing legal decisions in United States versus Washington and United States versus Oregon, and the region's realization that lost natural production needed to be mitigated in upriver areas where these losses primarily occurred. The YKFP was first identified in the NPCC's 1982 Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) and supported in the U.S. v Oregon 1988 Columbia River Fish Management Plan (CRFMP). A draft Master Plan was presented to the NPCC in 1987 and the Preliminary Design Report was presented in 1990. In both circumstances, the NPCC instructed the Yakama Nation, WDFW and BPA to carry out planning functions that addressed uncertainties in regard to the adequacy of hatchery supplementation for meeting production objectives and limiting adverse ecological and genetic impacts. At the same time, the NPCC underscored the importance of using adaptive management principles to manage the direction of the Project. The 1994 FWP reiterated the importance of proceeding with the YKFP because of the added production and learning potential the project would provide. The YKFP is unique in having been designed to rigorously test the efficacy of hatchery supplementation. Given the current dire situation of many salmon and steelhead stocks, and the heavy reliance on artificial propagation as a recovery tool, YKFP monitoring results will have great region-wide significance. Supplementation is envisioned as a means to enhance and sustain the abundance of wild and naturally-spawning populations at levels exceeding the cumulative mortality burden imposed on those populations by habitat degradation and by natural cycles in environmental conditions. A supplementation hatchery is properly operated as an adjunct to the natural production system in a watershed. By fully integrating the hatchery with a naturally-producing population, high survival rates for the component of the population in the hatchery can raise the average abundance of the total population (hatchery component + naturally-producing component) to a level that compensates for the high mortalities imposed by human development activities and fully seeds the natural environment. The objectives of the YKFP are to: use Ecosystem Diagnosis and Treatment (EDT) and other modeling tools to facilitate planning for project activities, enhance existing stocks, re-introduce extirpated stocks, protect and restore habitat in the Yakima Subbasin, and operate using a scientifically rigorous process that will foster application of the knowledge gained about hatchery supplementation and habitat restoration throughout the Columbia River Basin. The YKFP is still in the early stages of evaluation, and as such the data and findings presented in this report should be considered preliminary until results are published in the peer-reviewed literature. The following is a brief summary of current YKFP activities by species.

Sampson, Melvin R. [The Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

330

Economic impact of country-of-origin labeling in the U.S. beef industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concerns over the total costs assessed to the beef industry from the implementation of mandatory country-of-origin labeling (COOL) regulations warranted an investigation into the estimation and distribution of marketing and marginal costs of production for retail chain stores and distributors, meat packers and processors, cattle feedlots, cattle backgrounding yards and cow-calf producers. Furthermore, it is thought the implementation of COOL will impose severe market and social welfare effects on the participants in the beef industry. This research focused on two main objectives. The first objective is to provide a full beef industry cost assessment for implementing COOL regulations based on the preliminary guidelines for COOL as published by the United States Department of Agriculture in the proposed rule in October of 2003. Financial and production data was collected and used from U.S. retail chain stores and distributors, meat packers and processors, cattle feedlots, and cattle backgrounding yards and stockers. The second objective was to use the weighted average cost estimates calculated from the data to determine the magnitude of increases in the demand for retail beef, wholesale beef, fed cattle, and feeder cattle needed to negate the increase in costs of implementing mandatory COOL regulations. An equilibrium displacement model was used to demonstrate the supply and demand functions and relationships for retail beef, wholesale beef, fed cattle, and feeder cattle. Estimated elasticities for retail beef, wholesale beef, fed cattle and feeder cattle were used to calculate the relative changes in price and quantity in response to the COOL-induced supply and demand shifts. The quantity intercepts from the estimation of the linear parameters can be used to calculate the increases in consumer demand needed to negate the increases in costs estimated from the survey results for the retail, wholesale, fed cattle, and feeder cattle sectors of the beef industry. A significant cost burden to the beef industry was shown by the weighted average estimates calculated from the research. Retail chain stores and distributors, meat packers and processors, cattle feedlots and cattle stockers are expected to see an increase in marketing and marginal costs of production as a result of implementing COOL.

Hanselka, Daniel David

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

The Belgoprocess Strategy Relating to the Management of Materials from Decommissioning  

SciTech Connect

Belgium started its nuclear program quite early. The first installations were constructed in the fifties, and presently, more than 55 % of the Belgian electricity production is provided by nuclear power plants. After 30 years of nuclear experience, Belgium started decommissioning of nuclear facilities in the eighties with two main projects: the BR3-PWR plant and the Eurochemic reprocessing plant. The BR3-decommissioning project is carried out at the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, while the decommissioning of the former Eurochemic reprocessing plant is managed and operated by Belgoprocess n.v., which is also operating the centralized waste treatment facilities and the interim storage for Belgian radioactive waste. Some fundamental principles have to be considered for the management of materials resulting from the decommissioning of nuclear installations, equipment and/or components, mainly based on the guidelines of the ''IAEA-Safety Fundamentals. The Principles of Radioactive Waste Management. Safety Series No. 111-F, IAEA, Vienna, 1995'' with respect to radioactive waste management. Two of the fundamental principles indicated in this document are specifically dealing with the strategy for the management of materials from decommissioning, ''Generation of radioactive waste shall be kept to the minimum practicable'' (seventh principle), and ''Radioactive waste shall be managed in such a way that it will not impose undue burdens on future generations'' (fifth principle). Based on these fundamental principles, Belgoprocess has made a straightforward choice for a strategy with minimization of the amount of materials to be managed as radioactive waste. This objective is obtained through the use of advanced decontamination techniques and the unconditional release of decontaminated materials. Unconditionally released materials are recycled, such as i.e., metal materials that are removed to conventional melting facilities, or are removed to conventional industrial disposal sites if they have no remaining value. In order to achieve these objectives, Belgoprocess uses techniques and equipment that enable the high degrees of decontamination to be obtained, while based on commercially available technology. As an example, for concrete surfaces, where the contamination has not penetrated deeply, significant improvement in operation efficiency was achieved when developing dry hand held and automated floor and wall shaving systems as an alternative for scabbling. As it was also shown that it is economically interesting to decontaminate metal components to unconditional release levels using dry abrasive blasting techniques, an industrial automated dry abrasive blasting unit was installed in the Belgoprocess central decontamination infrastructure. Moreover, a specific facility was developed and operations started for taking representative samples and monitoring concrete material in view of the final demolition and unconditional release of remaining structures of buildings after completing all dismantling and decontamination work.

Teunckens, L.; Lewandowski, P.; Walthery, R.; Ooms. B.

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

332

Pu Workshop Letter  

SciTech Connect

In preparation for the upcoming Pu Workshop in Livermore, CA, USA, during July 14 and 15, 2006, we have begun to give some thought as to how the meeting will be structured and what will be discussed. Below, you will find our first proposal as to the agenda and contents of the meeting. From you, we need your feedback and suggestions concerning the desirability of each aspect of our proposal. Hopefully, we will be able to converge to a format that is acceptable to all parties. First, it now appears that we will be limited to three main sessions, Friday morning (July 14), Friday afternoon (July 14) and Saturday morning (July 15). The Pu Futures Meeting will conclude on Thursday, July 13. Following a social excursion, the Russian participants will be transported from Monterey Bay to their hotel in Livermore. We anticipate that the hotel will be the Residence Inn at 1000 Airway Blvd in Livermore. However, the hotel arrangements still need to be confirmed. We expect that many of our participants will begin their travels homeward in the afternoon of Saturday, July 15 and the morning of Sunday, July 16. Associated with the three main sessions, we propose that there be three main topics. Each session will have an individual focus. Because of the limited time available, we will need to make some judicious choices concerning the focus and the speakers for each session. We will also have a poster session associated with each session, to facilitate discussions, and a rotating set of Lab Tours, to maximize participation in the tour and minimize the disruption of the speaking schedule. Presently, we are planning a tour of the Dynamical Transmission Electron Microscope (DTEM) facilities, but this is still in a preliminary stage. We estimate that for each session and topic, there will be time for five (5) speakers. We propose that, typically, there be three (3) Russian and two (2) American speakers per session. We also propose that each session have a chair (or two chairs), who will be given a small amount of time to set the stage for the upcoming talks and pose previously prepared, crucial questions. While this imposes a significant burden upon the session chairs, it seems to us that such an arrangement will maximize the impact of each session. While some of the topics overlap with those at Pu Futures, we propose that there will be enough complementarity and amplification of specific topics that the overlap will be minimal.

Tobin, J G; Schwartz, A J; Fluss, M

2006-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

333

4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Low Cost Carbon Fiber Technology Development for Carbon Fiber Composite Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information

Phase I; Ahmad Vakili; Zhongren Yue; Youqing Fei

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Attachment 6 Volume V Pricing Matrix for Optional Enhancements...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Contract: 1. PRIME SERVICE PROVIDER COMMERCIAL DISCOUNT ATO FEDERAL OR BASE LABOR PERCENTAGE COMMERCIAL PROPOSED TOTAL GSA LABOR RATE RATEHOUR FROM GSA RATE BURDENED RATE HOURS...

335

Attachment 4 Volume III Pricing Matrix for Phase-in Period.xls  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- 09302009 1. PRIME SERVICE PROVIDER COMMERCIAL DISCOUNT ATO FEDERAL OR BASE LABOR PERCENTAGE COMMERCIAL PROPOSED TOTAL GSA LABOR RATE RATEHOUR FROM GSA RATE BURDENED RATE HOURS...

336

NNSA, Japan Atomic Energy Agency Mark 25 Years of Nonproliferation...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

safeguards systems has helped reduce the inspection burden on the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and its member states and improve the effectiveness and efficiency of...

337

December 24, 2008 Opt of Commerce, NIST Technology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... today is too much in the hands of A} sales oriented people ... coating reducing the burden on Heating-Ventilating-AirConditioning (HVAC) systems; 7 ...

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

338

U  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Coal Burning Utilities and Independent Power Producers (Instructions) Form Approved OMB No. 1905-0167 Expires 04302011 Burden: 1 hour A. PURPOSE Form EIA-20, mandatory by law,...

339

Wizard : Designing Interfaces http://designinginterfaces.com/patterns/wizard/[5/1/2012 11:00:24 PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

burden for people doing certain things: "Don't make me think, just tell me what to do next." Think about

340

The Challenge of Allocation in LCA - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One common challenge in LCA stems from allocation of burden when multiple ... Materialization of Manganese by Selective Precipitation from Used Battery.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

| Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to the above-referenced request for information (RFI) issued by the Department of Energy (DOE). January 31, 2012 Regulatory Burden RFI Executive Order 13563 The situation...

342

INVESTIGATION OF MEDIA INGREDIENTS AND WATER SOURCES FOR ALGAE CO2 CAPTURE AT DIFFERENT SCALES TO DEMONSTRATE THE CORRELATIONS BETWEEN LAB-SCALE AND LARGE-SCALE GROWTH.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??As energy use increases globally the environmental burdens increase alike. Many accusations have been made that carbon dioxide is a culprit of climate change. The (more)

Graham, Tabitha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Feasibility Study of Electric Cars in the Cold Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information,

Jing Zhang; Michael Golub; Jing Zhang; Michael Golub

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Maryland-National Capital Building Industry Association Regulatory...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maryland-National Capital Building Industry Association Regulatory Burden RFI (Federal Register August 8, 2012) Maryland-National Capital Building Industry Association Regulatory...

345

State of the Art Report on  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Coke or coal is a common burden additive ... In traditional (historic) steel making, the liquid steel ... the chemistry, deformation, and thermal history of the ...

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

African American Women and HIV Prevention.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??For many health conditions, non-Hispanic Blacks bear a disproportionate burden of disease, injury, death, and disability. The purpose of this study was to examine African (more)

Samuel, Nicole Monique

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

The Ghana Refrigerator Efficiency Initiative - An Overview of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

refrigeration services the most expensive of energy services in residential Ghanaian households, posing serious financial burden on households. --The problem that this project...

348

Equal Employment Opportunity: Collaborating for Mission Success  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

r Equal Employment Opportunity: Collaborating for Mission Success April 2013 EEO Complaint BURDEN OF PROOF IN THE EEO COMPLAINT PROCESS Equal Employment Opportunity: Collaborating...

349

Compliance With Floodplain and Wetland Environmental Review Requiremen...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

requirements to add flexibility and remove unnecessary procedural burdens by simplifying DOE public notification procedures for proposed floodplain and wetland actions, exempting...

350

Strategic Approaches for CO2 Reduction Rate from Fossil Fuel Use ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... generation are currently being aimed at minimization of CO2 emissions. ... and financial burden through adoption of policies and regulations including the...

351

FORM EIA-846C  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

including suggestions for reducing this burden, to the Energy Information Administration, Office of Statistical Standards, El-73, Mail Station: 1H-023 Forrestal, 1000 Independence...

352

'Smart' Frequency-Sensing Charge Controller for Electric Vehicles  

AVAIL ABLE FOR L ICENSING Minimizes burden on power grid The Invention A smart frequency-based charge controller (FBCC) system for electric vehicles ...

353

2012_BAAF-all pages.121411.indd  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Activities 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing ... a scorebook, a feedback report, and an ... The public reporting burden for this collection is ...

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

354

2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

DC 20585, and to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC 20503. Public reporting burden for this form is estimated...

355

Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and J. Hamrin. 2005. Renewable Energy Policies and Marketsexperience with renewable energy obligation supportM. (2001): REBUS: Renewable Energy Burden Sharing (Main

Haas, Reinhard

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Management Training for Pathology Residents: A Regional Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most residency training programs do not have faculty membersdidactic management training program for the residents fromdue burden on any single training program. Methods. Faculty

Wagar, E A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Compliance With Floodplain and Wetland Environmental Review Requirements (10 CFR Parts 1021 and 1022)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy (DOE)revised its floodplain and wetland environmental review requirements to add flexibility and remove unnecessary procedural burdens by simplifying DOE public...

358

DOE Retrospective Review Plan Report May 2012 | Department of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Report May 2012 DOE Retrospective Review Plan Report May 2012 May2012 ReportDOE525.pdf More Documents & Publications DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report...

359

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

data sources simultaneously * You get results in ranked order relevant to your search query * Easy on the producers - places no requirements or burdens on database owners - so...

360

OMB No. 1905-XXXX Expiration Date: 12/31/20XX Version No.: 20XX.01 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Secure File Transfer: Fax: ... Gas used in operations, including space heat, pipeline distribution or Burden: 3.5 hours Residential Industrial Electric Power

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

search drills down to the deep Web where scientific databases reside. Unlike the Google sitemap protocol solution, federated search places no burden on the database owners....

362

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

where scientific databases reside. We need systems that probe the deep Web. Unlike the Google solution, federated search places no burden on the database owners. Add new comment...

363

Ex parte discussion clarifying NEMA's comments | Department of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

More Documents & Publications NEMA Comments on Reducing Regulatory Burden National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) Response to Smart Grid RFI Audit Report: OAS-M-13-05...

364

A Selective HDAC 1/2 Inhibitor Modulates Chromatin and Gene Expression in Brain and Alters Mouse Behavior in Two Mood-Related Tests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Psychiatric diseases, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression, are projected to lead global disease burden within the next decade. Pharmacotherapy, the primary albeit often ineffective treatment ...

Schroeder, Frederick A.

365

Regarding Proton Form Factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

1 DFG Research Center ''Mathematics for Key Technologies,'' c=o Weierstrass Institute ...... Burden, C. J., Roberts, C. D., Thomson, M. J.: Phys. Lett. B371, 163...

366

U.S. Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Request for Information: Reducing Regulatory Burden (Reply Comments) The National Propane Gas Association (NPGA) offers the following reply comments in response to the...

367

SURGE RECORDINGS THAT MAKE SENSE: Shifting focus ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and an appropriate burden on the secondary would be usec to feed the resulting voltage signal into the existing powa quality monitoring ...

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

368

U.S. Department of Energy Natural Gas Imports and Exports Form...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Imports and Exports Form FE-746R Expiration Date: 7312016 AVG Burden: 3.0 hours MonthYear: Exporter (Authorization Holder):...

369

FPCC Regulatory Barriers Submittal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Federal Performance Contracting Coalition (FPCC) appreciates the opportunity to comment on reducing regulatory burdens on the Federal government, specifically as they pertain to federal energy...

370

Precision Ratio Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... magnitude and phase angle) of transformers for primary ... If the test conditions and the device under ... the secondary burden for each transformer or for ...

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

371

Interacting with danger in an immersive environment: issues on cognitive load and risk perception  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Any human-computer interface imposes a certain level of cognitive load to the user task. Analogously, the task itself also imposes different levels of cognitive load. It is common sense in 3D user interfaces research that a higher number of degrees of ... Keywords: 3D interaction, presence, risk perception, virtual reality

Vitor A. M. Jorge; Wilson J. Sarmiento; Anderson Maciel; Luciana Nedel; Csar A. Collazos; Frederico Faria; Jackson Oliveira

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Stigma models: Testing hypotheses of how images of Nevada are acquired and values are attached to them  

SciTech Connect

This report analyzes data from surveys on the effects that images associated with nuclear power and waste (i.e., nuclear images) have on people`s preference to vacation in Nevada. The analysis was stimulated by a model of imagery and stigma which assumes that information about a potentially hazardous facility generates signals that elicit negative images about the place in which it is located. Individuals give these images negative values (valences) that lessen their desire to vacation, relocate, or retire in that place. The model has been used to argue that the proposed Yucca Mountain high-level nuclear waste repository could elicit images of nuclear waste that would stigmatize Nevada and thus impose substantial economic losses there. This report proposes a revised model that assumes that the acquisition and valuation of images depend on individuals` ideological and cultural predispositions and that the ways in which new images will affect their preferences and behavior partly depend on these predispositions. The report tests these hypotheses: (1) individuals with distinct cultural and ideological predispositions have different propensities for acquiring nuclear images, (2) these people attach different valences to these images, (3) the variations in these valences are important, and (4) the valences of the different categories of images within an individual`s image sets for a place correlate very well. The analysis largely confirms these hypotheses, indicating that the stigma model should be revised to (1) consider the relevant ideological and cultural predispositions of the people who will potentially acquire and attach value to the image, (2) specify the kinds of images that previously attracted people to the host state, and (3) consider interactions between the old and potential new images of the place. 37 refs., 18 figs., 17 tabs.

Jenkins-Smith, H.C. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Dijet production, collision centrality and backgrounds in high-energy p-p collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two aspects of high-energy \\pp collisions share common phenomenological elements: (a) A correlation between jet production and \\pp centrality is suggested by the transverse partonic structure of hadrons inferred from deep-inelastic scattering data. (b) The {\\em underlying event} (UE) is defined as the final-state particles complementary to a triggered high-energy dijet. An observable common to both topics is variation of so-called {\\em transverse multiplicity} $N_\\perp$ with a $p_{t,trig}$ dijet trigger. We test assumptions associated with \\pp collision centrality and the UE. We determine the nature of the UE and explore the relation between jet production and \\pp centrality. We use the {\\em two-component model} (TCM) of spectra and correlations derived from 200 GeV \\pp collisions to construct a simulated particle distribution on $(p_t,n_{ch})$ to predict the $N_\\perp$ response to $p_{t,trig}$. The $p_t$ spectrum TCM combined in this analysis with measured minimum-bias \\pp angular correlations suggests that the UE includes a substantial contribution from the triggered dijet in addition to the contribution from projectile fragmentation (beam-beam remnants). The jet contribution to $N_\\perp$ may represent a universal large-angle base common to all dijets that extends across $2\\pi$ azimuth. The analysis further suggests that \\pp centrality is not controlled significantly by $p_{t,trig}$ but may be correlated to some extent with an imposed $n_{ch}$ condition, depending on the role of fluctuations. Future correlation studies may better determine the role of \\pp centrality. These results may have implications for ongoing RHIC analysis and LHC searches for physics beyond the standard model.

Thomas A. Trainor

2012-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

374

Epigenetic influences of low-dose bisphenol A in primary human breast epithelial cells  

SciTech Connect

Substantial evidence indicates that exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) during early development may increase breast cancer risk later in life. The changes may persist into puberty and adulthood, suggesting an epigenetic process being imposed in differentiated breast epithelial cells. The molecular mechanisms by which early memory of BPA exposure is imprinted in breast progenitor cells and then passed onto their epithelial progeny are not well understood. The aim of this study was to examine epigenetic changes in breast epithelial cells treated with low-dose BPA. We also investigated the effect of BPA on the ER{alpha} signaling pathway and global gene expression profiles. Compared to control cells, nuclear internalization of ER{alpha} was observed in epithelial cells preexposed to BPA. We identified 170 genes with similar expression changes in response to BPA. Functional analysis confirms that gene suppression was mediated in part through an ER{alpha}-dependent pathway. As a result of exposure to BPA or other estrogen-like chemicals, the expression of lysosomal-associated membrane protein 3 (LAMP3) became epigenetically silenced in breast epithelial cells. Furthermore, increased DNA methylation in the LAMP3 CpG island was this repressive mark preferentially occurred in ER{alpha}-positive breast tumors. These results suggest that the in vitro system developed in our laboratory is a valuable tool for exposure studies of BPA and other xenoestrogens in human cells. Individual and geographical differences may contribute to altered patterns of gene expression and DNA methylation in susceptible loci. Combination of our exposure model with epigenetic analysis and other biochemical assays can give insight into the heritable effect of low-dose BPA in human cells.

Weng, Yu-I; Hsu, Pei-Yin; Liyanarachchi, Sandya; Liu, Joseph; Deatherage, Daniel E.; Huang Yiwen; Zuo Tao; Rodriguez, Benjamin [Human Cancer Genetics Program, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Lin, Ching-Hung; Cheng, Ann-Lii [Department of Internal Medicine and Oncology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Huang, Tim H.-M., E-mail: Tim.Huang@osumc.ed [Human Cancer Genetics Program, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

Black Holes in Galaxy Mergers: Evolution of Quasars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on numerical simulations of gas-rich galaxy mergers, we discuss a model in which quasar activity is tied to the self-regulated growth of supermassive black holes in galaxies. Nuclear inflow of gas attending a galaxy collision triggers a starburst and feeds black hole growth, but for most of the duration of the starburst, the black hole is heavily obscured by surrounding gas and dust which limits the visibility of the quasar, especially at optical and UV wavelengths. Eventually, feedback energy from accretion heats the gas and expels it in a powerful wind, leaving a 'dead quasar'. Between buried and dead phases there is a window during which the galaxy would be seen as a luminous quasar. Because the black hole mass, radiative output, and distribution of obscuring gas and dust all evolve strongly with time, the duration of this phase of observable quasar activity depends on both the waveband and imposed luminosity threshold. We determine the observed and intrinsic lifetimes as a function of luminosity and frequency, and calculate observable lifetimes ~10 Myr for bright quasars in the optical B-band, in good agreement with empirical estimates and much smaller than the black hole growth timescales ~100 Myr, naturally producing a substantial population of 'buried' quasars. However, observed and intrinsic energy outputs converge in the IR and hard X-ray bands as attenuation becomes weaker and chances of observation greatly increase. We obtain the distribution of column densities along sightlines in which the quasar is seen above a given luminosity, and find that our result agrees remarkably well with observed estimates of the column density distribution from the SDSS for appropriate luminosity thresholds. (Abridged)

Philip F. Hopkins; Lars Hernquist; Thomas J. Cox; Tiziana Di Matteo; Paul Martini; Brant Robertson; Volker Springel

2005-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

376

Basin scale assessment of gas hydrate dissociation in response to climate change  

SciTech Connect

Paleooceanographic evidence has been used to postulate that methane from oceanic hydrates may have had a significant role in regulating climate. However, the behavior of contemporary oceanic methane hydrate deposits subjected to rapid temperature changes, like those now occurring in the arctic and those predicted under future climate change scenarios, has only recently been investigated. Field investigations have discovered substantial methane gas plumes exiting the seafloor along the Arctic Ocean margin, and the plumes appear at depths corresponding to the upper limit of a receding gas hydrate stability zone. It has been suggested that these plumes may be the first visible signs of the dissociation of shallow hydrate deposits due to ongoing climate change in the arctic. We simulate the release of methane from oceanic deposits, including the effects of fully-coupled heat transfer, fluid flow, hydrate dissociation, and other thermodynamic processes, for systems representative of segments of the Arctic Ocean margins. The modeling encompasses a range of shallow hydrate deposits from the landward limit of the hydrate stability zone down to water depths beyond the expected range of century-scale temperature changes. We impose temperature changes corresponding to predicted rates of climate change-related ocean warming and examine the possibility of hydrate dissociation and the release of methane. The assessment is performed at local-, regional-, and basin-scales. The simulation results are consistent with the hypothesis that dissociating shallow hydrates alone can result in significant methane fluxes at the seafloor. However, the methane release is likely to be confined to a narrow region of high dissociation susceptibility, defined by depth and temperature, and that any release will be continuous and controlled, rather than explosive. This modeling also establishes the first realistic bounds for methane release along the arctic continental shelf for potential hydrate dissociation scenarios, and ongoing work may help confirm whether climate change is already impacting the stability of the vast oceanic hydrate reservoir.

Reagan, M.; Moridis, G.; Elliott, S.; Maltrud, M.; Cameron-Smith, P.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Will stranded cost recovery distort Pennsylvania`s electricity market?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is ironic indeed that the forecasting errors of Keystone State utilities that have led to today`s claims of stranded costs are now to be remediated in new legislation which, unaccountably, utterly fails to take account of the same problem: utility forecasting errors. On December 3, 1996, the Governor of Pennsylvania signed into law the Electricity Generation Customer Choice and Competition Act (66 Pa. C.S. 2801 et seq.). The Act set in motion an ambitious timetable for restructuring Pennsylvania`s electric utility industry to substantially deregulate its generation component. Customer choice of electricity supplier is to be phased in over a two year period beginning January 1, 1999. As indicated by the appearance of the word {open_quotes}competition{close_quotes} in the official title of the Act, the resulting institutional transformation is expected to foster free market competition in the generation and retail sale of electricity. However, there is already dispute among the Act`s commentators and critics, who are legion, as to whether its strategy for achieving this commendable objective will produce significant cost savings to consumers any time soon. One need look no further than the Act`s transition cost recovery provisions to find cause for skepticism. Section 2808 of the Act empowers the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission to impose, for a period of up to nine years from January 1, 1997 (or longer at the Commission`s discretion), a {open_quotes}competitive transition charge{close_quotes} (CTC) upon {open_quotes}every customer accessing the transmission or distribution network.{close_quotes} The CTC is intended to afford Pennsylvania`s regulated electric utilities the opportunity to recover those of their {open_quotes}transition or stranded costs{close_quotes} (collectively {open_quotes}stranded costs{close_quotes}) approved by the Commission.

Caplan, R.L. [Caplan & Luber, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Advanced insulations for refrigerator/freezers: The potential for new shell designs incorporating polymer barrier construction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impending phase-out of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) used to expand foam insulation, combined with requirements for increased energy efficiency, make the use of non-CFC-based high performance insulation technologies increasingly attractive. The majority of current efforts are directed at using advanced insulations in the form of thin, flat low-conductivity gas-filled or evacuated orthogonal panels, which we refer to as Advanced Insulation Panels (AIPs). AIPs can be used in composite with blown polymer foams to improve insulation performance in refrigerator/freezers (R/Fs) of conventional design and manufacture. This AIP/foam composite approach is appealing because it appears to be a feasible, near-term method for incorporating advanced insulations into R/Fs without substantial redesign or retooling. However, the requirements for adequate flow of foam during the foam-in-place operation impose limitations on the allowable thickness and coverage area of AIPs. This report examines design alternatives which may offer a greater increase in overall thermal resistance than is possible with the use of AIP/foam composites in current R/F design. These design alternatives generally involve a basic redesign of the R/F taking into account the unique requirements of advanced insulations and the importance of minimizing thermal bridging with high thermal resistance insulations. The focus here is on R/F doors because they are relatively simple and independent R/F components and are therefore good candidates for development of alterative designs. R/F doors have significant thermal bridging problems due to the steel outer shell construction. A three dimensional finite difference computer modeling exercise of a R/F door geometry was used to compare the overall levels of thermal resistance (R-value) for various design configurations.

Griffith, B.T.; Arasteh, D.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Wind Energy Forecasting: A Collaboration of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and Xcel Energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The focus of this report is the wind forecasting system developed during this contract period with results of performance through the end of 2010. The report is intentionally high-level, with technical details disseminated at various conferences and academic papers. At the end of 2010, Xcel Energy managed the output of 3372 megawatts of installed wind energy. The wind plants span three operating companies1, serving customers in eight states2, and three market structures3. The great majority of the wind energy is contracted through power purchase agreements (PPAs). The remainder is utility owned, Qualifying Facilities (QF), distributed resources (i.e., 'behind the meter'), or merchant entities within Xcel Energy's Balancing Authority footprints. Regardless of the contractual or ownership arrangements, the output of the wind energy is balanced by Xcel Energy's generation resources that include fossil, nuclear, and hydro based facilities that are owned or contracted via PPAs. These facilities are committed and dispatched or bid into day-ahead and real-time markets by Xcel Energy's Commercial Operations department. Wind energy complicates the short and long-term planning goals of least-cost, reliable operations. Due to the uncertainty of wind energy production, inherent suboptimal commitment and dispatch associated with imperfect wind forecasts drives up costs. For example, a gas combined cycle unit may be turned on, or committed, in anticipation of low winds. The reality is winds stayed high, forcing this unit and others to run, or be dispatched, to sub-optimal loading positions. In addition, commitment decisions are frequently irreversible due to minimum up and down time constraints. That is, a dispatcher lives with inefficient decisions made in prior periods. In general, uncertainty contributes to conservative operations - committing more units and keeping them on longer than may have been necessary for purposes of maintaining reliability. The downside is costs are higher. In organized electricity markets, units that are committed for reliability reasons are paid their offer price even when prevailing market prices are lower. Often, these uplift charges are allocated to market participants that caused the inefficient dispatch in the first place. Thus, wind energy facilities are burdened with their share of costs proportional to their forecast errors. For Xcel Energy, wind energy uncertainty costs manifest depending on specific market structures. In the Public Service of Colorado (PSCo), inefficient commitment and dispatch caused by wind uncertainty increases fuel costs. Wind resources participating in the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) footprint make substantial payments in the real-time markets to true-up their day-ahead positions and are additionally burdened with deviation charges called a Revenue Sufficiency Guarantee (RSG) to cover out of market costs associated with operations. Southwest Public Service (SPS) wind plants cause both commitment inefficiencies and are charged Southwest Power Pool (SPP) imbalance payments due to wind uncertainty and variability. Wind energy forecasting helps mitigate these costs. Wind integration studies for the PSCo and Northern States Power (NSP) operating companies have projected increasing costs as more wind is installed on the system due to forecast error. It follows that reducing forecast error would reduce these costs. This is echoed by large scale studies in neighboring regions and states that have recommended adoption of state-of-the-art wind forecasting tools in day-ahead and real-time planning and operations. Further, Xcel Energy concluded reduction of the normalized mean absolute error by one percent would have reduced costs in 2008 by over $1 million annually in PSCo alone. The value of reducing forecast error prompted Xcel Energy to make substantial investments in wind energy forecasting research and development.

Parks, K.; Wan, Y. H.; Wiener, G.; Liu, Y.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Sex-dependent Differences in Intestinal Tumorigenesis Induced in Apc1638N/+ Mice by Exposure to {gamma} Rays  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of 1 and 5 Gy radiation doses and to investigate the interplay of gender and radiation with regard to intestinal tumorigenesis in an adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) mutant mouse model. Methods and Materials: Apc1638N/+ female and male mice were exposed whole body to either 1 Gy or 5 Gy of {gamma} rays and euthanized when most of the treated mice became moribund. Small and large intestines were processed to determine tumor burden, distribution, and grade. Expression of proliferation marker Ki-67 and estrogen receptor (ER)-{alpha} were also assessed by immunohistochemistry. Results: We observed that, with both 1 Gy and 5 Gy of {gamma} rays, females displayed reduced susceptibility to radiation-induced intestinal tumorigenesis compared with males. As for radiation effect on small intestinal tumor progression, although no substantial differences were found in the relative frequency and degree of dysplasia of adenomas in irradiated animals compared with controls, invasive carcinomas were found in 1-Gy- and 5-Gy-irradiated animals. Radiation exposure was also shown to induce an increase in protein levels of proliferation marker Ki-67 and sex-hormone receptor ER-{alpha} in both non tumor mucosa and intestinal tumors from irradiated male mice. Conclusions: We observed important sex-dependent differences in susceptibility to radiation-induced intestinal tumorigenesis in Apc1638N/+ mutants. Furthermore, our data provide evidence that exposure to radiation doses as low as 1 Gy can induce a significant increase in intestinal tumor multiplicity as well as enhance tumor progression in vivo.

Trani, Daniela [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Maastricht Radiation Oncology (MaastRO) Lab, GROW-School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, University of Maastricht (Netherlands); Moon, Bo-Hyun [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Kallakury, Bhaskar; Hartmann, Dan P. [Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States)] [Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Datta, Kamal [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Fornace, Albert J., E-mail: af294@georgetown.edu [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Center of Excellence in Genomic Medicine Research (CEGMR), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Concurrency in a System for Symbolic and Algebraic Computations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As miniaturization of computer components is approaching the limits of physics, researchers in computer architecture are looking for less conventional means to perpetuate Moore's law. Recent trends in hardware ve been adding more cores. Consequently multicore machines are now commodity. To help programmers benefit from Moore's dividend, researchers in programming techniques, tools and languages have been exploring several venues. A dominant theme is the design and implementation of parallel algorithms. Several programming models have been proposed, but none at the moment seem to be substantially better than others. While general parallel programming is a distinctively challenging task, we believe that scientific computation algorithms display algebraic structures, thanks to the rich mathematical objects they manipulate. The present work aims at exploring the extent to which algebraic properties displayed by computer algebra algorithms may be automatically exploited to take advantage of parallelism in the OpenAxiom scientific computation platform. We designed a runtime system that exploits the ubiquitous parallelism of modern CPUs; the system is also scaled to many-system clusters. By taking advantage of the existing InputForm domain in OpenAxiom and connecting of the standard input channel to sockets, we were able to minimize potentially hazardous modifications to the OpenAxiom source while still implementing desired functionality. Additionally, we designed and implemented FFI extensions to the OpenAxiom core to take advantage of SIMD instructions, particularly SSE2 (SIMD Streaming Extensions). The extension allowed us to nearly double the speed of common operations such as multiplying arrays of doubles. We also defined and implemented a foreign function interface for the OpenAxiom system. All of these additions were benchmarked using Berlekamp's algorithm for factorization of polynomials over integers. While much still remains to be done in parallelizing the algebra to work over many calculation nodes, mathematical annotations remain viable in unloading the burden of parallelizing code from the programmer by substituting a simpler activity.

Mai, Stefan

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

382

Environmental impacts of lighting technologies - Life cycle assessment and sensitivity analysis  

SciTech Connect

With two regulations, 244/2009 and 245/2009, the European Commission recently put into practice the EuP Directive in the area of lighting devices, aiming to improve energy efficiency in the domestic lighting sector. This article presents a comprehensive life cycle assessment comparison of four different lighting technologies: the tungsten lamp, the halogen lamp, the conventional fluorescent lamp and the compact fluorescent lamp. Taking advantage of the most up-to-date life cycle inventory database available (ecoinvent data version 2.01), all life cycle phases were assessed and the sensitivity of the results for varying assumptions analysed: different qualities of compact fluorescent lamps (production phase), different electricity mixes (use phase), and end-of-life scenarios for WEEE recycling versus municipal solid waste incineration (disposal phase). A functional unit of 'one hour of lighting' was defined and the environmental burdens for the whole life cycle for all four lamp types were calculated, showing a clearly lower impact for the two gas-discharge lamps, i.e. the fluorescent and the compact fluorescent lamp. Differences in the product quality of the compact fluorescent lamps reveal to have only a very small effect on the overall environmental performance of this lamp type; a decline of the actual life time of this lamp type doesn't result in a change of the rank order of the results of the here examined four lamp types. It was also shown that the environmental break-even point of the gas-discharge lamps is reached long before the end of their expected life-span. All in all, it can be concluded that a change from today's tungsten lamp technology to a low-energy-consuming technology such as the compact fluorescent lamp results in a substantial environmental benefit.

Welz, Tobias; Hischier, Roland, E-mail: Roland.Hischier@empa.ch; Hilty, Lorenz M.

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Turkey energy and environmental review - Task 7 energy sector modeling : executive summary.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turkey's demand for energy and electricity is increasing rapidly. Since 1990, energy consumption has increased at an annual average rate of 4.3%. As would be expected, the rapid expansion of energy production and consumption has brought with it a wide range of environmental issues at the local, regional and global levels. With respect to global environmental issues, Turkey's carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have grown along with its energy consumption. Emissions in 2000 reached 211 million metric tons. With GDP projected to grow at over 6% per year over the next 25 years, both the energy sector and the pollution associated with it are expected to increase substantially. This is expected to occur even if assuming stricter controls on lignite and hard coal-fired power generation. All energy consuming sectors, that is, power, industrial, residential, and transportation, will contribute to this increased emissions burden. Turkish Government authorities charged with managing the fundamental problem of carrying on economic development while protecting the environment include the Ministry of Environment (MOE), the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR), and the Ministry of Health, as well as the Turkish Electricity Generation & Transmission Company (TEAS). The World Bank, working with these agencies, is planning to assess the costs and benefits of various energy policy alternatives under an Energy and Environment Review (EER). Eight individual studies have been conducted under this activity to analyze certain key energy technology issues and use this analysis to fill in the gaps in data and technical information. This will allow the World Bank and Turkish authorities to better understand the trade-offs in costs and impacts associated with specific policy decisions. The purpose of Task 7-Energy Sector Modeling, is to integrate information obtained in other EER tasks and provide Turkey's policy makers with an integrated systems analysis of the various options for addressing the various energy and environmental concerns. The work presented in this report builds on earlier analyses presented at the COP 6 conference in Bonn.

Conzelmann, G.; Koritarov, V.; Decision and Information Sciences

2008-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

384

RESTORING SUSTAINABLE FORESTS ON APPALACHIAN MINED LANDS FOR WOOD PRODUCTS, RENEWABLE ENERGY, CARBON SEQUESTRATION, AND OTHER ECOSYSTEM SERVICES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall purpose of this project is to evaluate the biological and economic feasibility of restoring high-quality forests on mined land, and to measure carbon sequestration and wood production benefits that would be achieved from forest restoration procedures. We are currently estimating the acreage of lands in VA, WV, KY, OH, and PA mined under SMCRA and reclaimed to non-forested post-mining land uses that are not currently under active management, and therefore can be considered as available for carbon sequestration. To determine actual sequestration under different forest management scenarios, a field study was installed as a 3 x 3 factorial in a random complete block design with three replications at each of three locations, Ohio, West Virginia, and Virginia. The treatments included three forest types (white pine, hybrid poplar, mixed hardwood) and three silvicultural regimes (competition control, competition control plus tillage, competition control plus tillage plus fertilization). Each individual treatment plot is 0.5 acres. Each block of nine plots requires 4.5 acres, and the complete installation at each site requires 13.5 acres. The plots at all three locations have been installed and the plot corners marked with PVC stakes. GPS coordinates of each plot have been collected. Soil samples were collected from each plot to characterize the sites prior to treatment. Baseline soil carbon was determined for each of the eighty-one plots. Fertility analysis of soil samples was completed and these data were used to prepare fertilizer prescriptions and the pre-designated plots were fertilized. We also evaluated economic-based policy instruments that are designed to mitigate the reforestation burden borne by the owner of reclaimed mined land. Results suggest that although profitability of reforestation of these previously reclaimed mine lands may be achievable on better sites under lower interest rates, substantial payments would be required to reach ''profitability'' under many conditions.

J. Burger; J. Galbraith; T. Fox; G. Amacher; J. Sullivan; C. Zipper

2004-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

385

Walkable Communities, Inc. March 1999 Fixing the Big  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lagerwey #12;-2- Road Diets by Dan Burden and Peter Lagerwey Road Diets Losing width and gaining respect. The ideal roadway patient is often a four-lane road carrying 12-18,000 auto trips per day. Other roadway Diets by Dan Burden and Peter Lagerwey Sick Road Patient Symptoms. Four lane road- ways often generate

Handy, Susan L.

386

XML access control using static analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Access control policies for XML typically use regular path expressions such as XPath for specifying the objects for access-control policies. However such access-control policies are burdens to the query engines for XML documents. To relieve this burden, ... Keywords: Access control, XML, XPath, XQuery, automaton, query optimization, schema, static analysis, value-based access control, view schema

Makoto Murata; Akihiko Tozawa; Michiharu Kudo; Satoshi Hada

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Presented at the Heat Island Workshop LBL-27311 Berkeley, CA, February 23-24, 1989  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.............................................................................21 #12;LIST OF TABLES Table 1: Carbon Burdens of Fossil Fuels and Electricity.................6 Table explores the size of the surcharge on U.S. electricity production needed to finance tree planting to offset.e., the marginal units), the carbon burdens of each fuel, and the transmission and distribution losses. Typical

388

Notices TABLE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 Federal Register 7 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 160 / Thursday, August 18, 2011 / Notices TABLE 2-NET BURDEN CHANGE-Continued 2011-2012 2012-2013 Change % Change Burden disposition Total Applicants .................................... 23,611,500 24,705,864 +1,094,364 +4.63 Net decrease in burden. The increase in applicants is offset by the results of the Department's simplification changes. This has created an over- all decrease in burden of 8.94% or 2,881,475 hours. Total Applicant Burden ......................... 32,239,328 29,357,853 ¥2,881,475 ¥8.94 Total Annual Responses ....................... 32,239,328 46,447,024 +14,207,696 +44.07 Cost for All Applicants .......................... $159,370.20 $234,804.24 $75,434.04 +47.33 The Department is proud that efforts to simplify the FAFSA submission

389

NIST Manuscript Publication Search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... operate at magnetic fields substantially above 20 T, or at temperatures substantially above 4.2 K, requires high-temperature superconductors (HTS ...

2013-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

390

4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Least Privilege Separation Kernel Storage Hierarchy Prototype for the Trusted Computing Exemplar Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approved for public release; distribution is unlimitedTHIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANKREPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to

Jonathan Guillen; Cynthia E. Irvine; Paul C. Clark; Author(s Jonathan M. Guillen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Longitudinal Variation of the Stratospheric Quasi-Biennial Oscillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The longitudinal dependence of interannual variations of tropical stratospheric wind is examined in a detailed general circulation model simulation and in the limited observations available. A version of the SKYHI model is run with an imposed ...

Kevin Hamilton; Albert Hertzog; Franois Vial; Georgiy Stenchikov

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

DOE/EIS-0236-S1F; National Ignition Facility Final Supplemental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

required, which could lead to certain measures being imposed, such as prohibition of blasting during the nesting season or within a certain distance from the nest. Response 1-30...

393

Sulfate Aerosol Indirect Effect and CO2 Greenhouse Forcing: EquilibriumResponse of the LMD GCM and Associated Cloud Feedbacks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The climate sensitivity to various forcings, and in particular to changes in CO2 and sulfate aerosol concentrations, imposed separately or in a combined manner, is studied with an atmospheric general circulation model coupled to a simple slab ...

Herv Le Treut; Michle Forichon; Olivier Boucher; Zhao-Xin Li

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Change in Global Temperature: A Statistical Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates several issues relating to global climatic change using statistical techniques that impose minimal restrictions on the data. The main findings are as follows: 1) The global temperature increase since the last century is a ...

Gordon R. Richards

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Hydrologic Scales, Cloud Variability, Remote Sensing, and Models: Implications for Forecasting Snowmelt and Streamflow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate prediction of available water supply from snowmelt is needed if the myriad of human, environmental, agricultural, and industrial demands for water are to be satisfied, especially given legislatively imposed conditions on its allocation. ...

James J. Simpson; Michael D. Dettinger; Frank Gehrke; Timothy J. McIntire; Gary L. Hufford

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

The bioenergetics of walking and running in space suits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Space-suited activity is critical for human spaceflight, and is synonymous with human planetary exploration. Space suits impose kinematic and kinetic boundary conditions that affect movement and locomotion, and in doing ...

Carr, Christopher E. (Christopher Edward), 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

A Study of Baroclinic Wave Behavior over Bottom Topography Using Complex Principal Component Analysis of Experimental Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex principal component analysis is applied to data from three laboratory experiments of flow over two-wave sinusoidal bottom topography in a thermally driven, rotating annulus of fluid. The experiments are conducted at the same imposed ...

Richard L. Pfeffer; Jon Ahlquist; Robin Kung; Yehui Chang; Guoqing Li

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

A Further Study of Cumulus Interactions and Mergers: Three-Dimensional Simulations with Trajectory Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A total of nine three-dimensional experiments are made to study cloud interaction and merging under the influence of different imposed conditions. Large-scale lifting forcing, environmental wind shear and cloud microphysical processes are the ...

Wei-Kuo Tao; Joanne Simpson

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Large Eddy Simulation of an Inhomogeneous Atmospheric Boundary Layer under Neutral Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flow structures in an inhomogeneous neutrally stratified atmospheric boundary layer flow, obtained from large eddy simulation, are analyzed and compared with homogeneous case counterparts. The inhomogeneity is imposed in the streamwise direction ...

Ching-Long Lin; John W. Glendening

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Energy in Iron and Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy Technologies and Carbon Dioxide Management: Energy in Iron and Steel ... today imposed by energy, raw materials supply and over supply in the market. ... Through the studies of CCT, TTT and X-ray analysis, it has been successfully...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Atomistic Simulation of Creep in a Nanocrystal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a method to simulate on macroscopic time scales the stress relaxation in an atomistic nanocrystal model under an imposed strain. Using a metadynamics algorithm for transition state pathway sampling we follow ...

Lau, Timothy T.

402

Navy Heat Source Safety Tests  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of these tests was to validate the integrity of the Navy Heat Source after imposing conditions which might, in the extreme, be encountered singly or serially so that safety would be assured.

Anderson, C. G.; Cartmill, W. B.

1975-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

403

BLG theory with generalized Jordan triple systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use a generalized Jordan algebra of the second kind to study the recently proposed BLG theory of multiple M2-branes. We find the restriction imposed on the ternary product from its consistency with the BLG theory.

Sudipto Paul Chowdhury; Subir Mukhopadhyay; Koushik Ray

2009-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

404

Service and Network Management Interworking in Future Wireless Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The need for seamless communications in future wireless networks imposes the development of distributed management systems, in which we can distinguish between different business entities, the Service and Network Providers. Such a highly dynamic environment ...

V. Tountopoulos; Vera Stavroulaki; Panagiotis Demestichas; Nikolas Mitrou; Michael E. Theologou

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

A negotiation protocol for multiple interdependent issues negotiation over energy exchange  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel negotiation protocol to facilitate energy exchange between off-grid homes that are equipped with renewable energy generation and electricity storage. Our solution imposes additional constraints on negotiation such that it reduces a ...

Muddasser Alam; Alex Rogers; Sarvapali D. Ramchurn

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Report on Customer Service Performance Measures in UK Network SQUEEZING HARD TO IMPROVE QUALITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

....................................................... Page 4 2.0 ELECTRICITY: SUPPLY, DISTRIBUTION & TRANSMISSION DISTRIBUTION ..................................... Page 23 2.3 ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION ­ The National Grid measures, as imposed by the economic regulators of water and sewerage services, electricity (supply

Feigon, Brooke

407

Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of passive and active semiconductor devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nonlinear optical properties and ultrafast carrier dynamics of slab-coupled optical waveguide amplifiers, silicon nanowaveguides, and III-V semiconductor saturable Bragg reflectors are studied. The limits imposed by two ...

Motamedi, Ali Reza

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Monthly Diurnal Global Atmospheric Circuit Estimates Derived from Vostok Electric Field Measurements Adjusted for Local Meteorological and Solar Wind Influences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Local temperature, wind speed, pressure, and solar windimposed influences on the vertical electric field observed at Vostok, Antarctica, are evaluated by multivariate analysis. Local meteorology can influence electric field measurements via local ...

G. B. Burns; B. A. Tinsley; A. V. Frank-Kamenetsky; O. A. Troshichev; W. J. R. French; A. R. Klekociuk

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Purdue's RFID supply chain for e-pedigree compliance: applying the technology-organisation-environment (TOE) framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The adoption of radio frequency identification (RFID) is expected to pick up speed in the pharmaceutical industry as the US Government has imposed a regulation requiring the generation of pedigrees or a historical record of the movement of prescription ...

Rebecca Angeles

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

The politics of skill building in a global age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National skills systems have historically imposed significant constraints on production strategies. This dissertation investigates the impact of the home economy skill base on firms' off-shoring and out-sourcing decisions, ...

McCaffrey, Sara Jane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

project deployment scale, the least-cost option for solar PVcost suppliers from other countries, the government of India has imposed some mandates for domestic content for its utility-scale solar power projects

Deshmukh, Ranjit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

NREL: Vehicle Ancillary Loads Reduction - About the Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

same effect on fuel cell power sources of the future. The largest ancillary load is the air-conditioning system when it is operating. (Typically it imposes a mechanical load of...

413

Inertial Recirculation in a ?-Plane Corner  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A sub-basin scale recirculation can be driven by imposing low values of potential vorticity in the northwest corner of a ?-Plane box. Mesoscale eddies parametrized by lateral potential vorticity diffusion, carry this anomaly into the interior and ...

G. R. Ierley; W. R. Young

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Dynamics of marine zooplankton : social behavior, ecological interactions, and physically-induced variability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marine ecosystems reflect the physical structure of their environment and the biological processes they carry out. This leads to spatial heterogeneity and temporal variability, some of which is imposed externally and some ...

Verdy, Ariane

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Coal Severance Tax (North Dakota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Coal Severance Tax is imposed on all coal severed for sale or industrial purposes, except coal used for heating buildings in the state, coal used by the state or any political subdivision of...

416

Fifteen years of GTC operations at Aldel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... within demands imposed by the production process and environmental legislation. ... DUBAL CELL VOLTAGE DROP INITIATIVES TOWARDS LOW ENERGY ... Preparation of solar grade silicon precursor by electrolysis SiO2 in molten salts.

417

NICCR - National Institute for Climate Change Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the final two years of water addition treatment (now in year 3) and three years of monsoon manipulations. Long term mesic conditions re imposed by adding six large storms (20...

418

Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Community Wind Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In May 2007, Nebraska established an exemption from the sales and use tax imposed on the gross receipts from the sale, lease, or rental of personal property for use in a community-based energy...

419

Dynamic updates of the barrier parameter in primal-dual methods for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gorithm based on (1.9)(1.10) does not suffer from such a discrepancy. The second ... The positivity requirement v > 0 imposes that cannot decrease too fast in...

420

OMC-INTEGRAL Memory Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The management of the memory restrictions imposed by the processor (1750A) was one of the major difficulties found in designing the Software (SW) controlling the Optical Monitoring Camera (OMC) payload of the International Gamma Ray Laboratory (INTEGRAL) ...

Jose Manuel Prez Lobato; Eva Martn Lobo

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Development of computational and experimental tools to study mechanotransduction in C.elegans and primates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When an object comes into contact with the human fingertip, surface loads imposed on the fingerpad are transmitted to thousands of specialized nerve endings embedded in the skin tissue. These nerve endings, called ...

Kumar, Siddarth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Microphysical and Radiative Effects of Ice Clouds on Tropical Equilibrium States: A Two-Dimensional Cloud-Resolving Modeling Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The microphysical and radiative effects of ice clouds on tropical equilibrium states are investigated based on three two-dimensional cloud-resolving simulations imposed by zero vertical velocity and time-invariant zonal wind and sea surface ...

Fan Ping; Zhexian Luo; Xiaofan Li

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

A Cloud-Base Quasi-Balance Constraint for Parameterized Convection: Application to the KainFritsch Cumulus Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A quasi balance with respect to parcel buoyancy at cloud base between destabilizing processes and convection is imposed as a constraint on convective cloud-base mass flux in a modified version of the KainFritsch cumulus parameterization. ...

James A. Ridout; Yi Jin; Chi-Sann Liou

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Impact of Energy Imbalance Tariff on Wind Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the results of a study that uses actual wind power data and actual energy prices to analyze the impact of an energy imbalance tariff imposed by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission on wind power.

Wan, Y.; Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Microgrid Dispatch for Macrogrid Peak-Demand Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bills incurred under a TOU electricity tariff. These energyTable 1 Time of Use Electricity Tariff at SRJ Period Summerby imposing the tariff rates to the electricity purchases of

DeForest, Nicholas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Evolution of coronal mass ejections through the heliosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) These findings impose a serious problem on particle heating and acceleration within ICMEs. Both case studies and superposed epoch analysis demonstrate that plasma depletion layers (PDLs) and mirror-mode waves occur ...

Liu, Ying, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Transitions in Shallow Convection: An Explanation for Lateral Cell Expansion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A generalized seven-coefficient model of two-dimensional Rayleigh-Bnard convection is presented. The model simulates successfully one means by which lateral cell expansion can occur as the value of the imposed vertical temperature difference is ...

Hai-Ru Chang; Hampton N. Shirer

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Self-* in Multimedia Communication Overlays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multimedia Communication Systems (MCSs) usually deploy complex data distribution overlays, making the efficient interchange of multimedia content possible. The time constraints imposed by interactive communications further complicate the management of ... Keywords: Autonomic computing, Multimedia Communication Systems, Overlays, Self-*, Taxonomy

Pelayo NuO; Juan C. Granda; Francisco J. SuRez; Daniel F. GarcA

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RTP tariffs, like most utility rates, impose restrictions onreturned to the utilitys standard, fixed-rate tariff. 25were below the utilitys standard tariff rates, and large

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Using the Radiative Kernel Technique to Calculate Climate Feedbacks in NCARs Community Atmospheric Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate models differ in their responses to imposed forcings, such as increased greenhouse gas concentrations, due to different climate feedback strengths. Feedbacks in NCARs Community Atmospheric Model (CAM) are separated into two components: ...

Karen M. Shell; Jeffrey T. Kiehl; Christine A. Shields

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Timing analysis in presence of supply voltage and temperature variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the nanometer era, the physical verification of CMOS digital circuit becomes a complex task. Designers must account of numerous new factors that impose a drastic change in validation and physical verification methods. One of these major changes in ...

B. Lasbouygues; R. Wilson; N. Azemard; P. Maurine

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Temperature and voltage aware timing analysis: application to voltage drops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the nanometer era, the physical verification of CMOS digital circuit becomes a complex task. Designers must account of new factors that impose a significant change in validation methods. One of these major changes in timing verification to handle ...

B. Lasbouygues; R. Wilson; N. Azemard; P. Maurine

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

A Polyhedral Study of the Network Pricing Problem with Connected ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We also impose that ca ? cod for all a in A as if a toll arc a ? A is such that ca > cod, ... We introduce a scalar M such that M > cod ? ca for all a ? A. Further, let.

434

Sensitivity of the Stratospheric Circulation to the Latitude of Thermal Surface Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the chemistry climate model Intermediate General Circulation ModelFast Stratospheric Ozone Chemistry (IGCM-FASTOC), the authors analyze the response in the Northern Hemisphere winter stratosphere to idealized thermal forcing imposed at the ...

Barbara Winter; Michel S. Bourqui

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics of Barotropic Flow over Finite Topography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inviscid equilibria of barotropic flows over finite-amplitude topography are determined by means of statistical mechanics, extending previous quasigeostrophic theory. Imposing constraints of energy and enstrophy conservation leads to a linear ...

William J. Merryfield; Patrick F. Cummins; Greg Holloway

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Dynamic Stabilization of Atmospheric Single Column Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single column models (SCMs) provide an economical framework for assessing the sensitivity of atmospheric temperature and humidity to natural and imposed perturbations, and also for developing improved representations of diabatic processes in ...

John W. Bergman; Prashant D. Sardeshmukh

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

A Practical Approach to Flux Measurements of Long Duration in the Marine Atmospheric Surface Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The practical limitations imposed by the marine environment on the principal flux-measurement methods for experiments requiring more than a few days duration are examined. Reservations are presented as to the suitability of the bulk method as a ...

Theodore V. Blanc

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

21F.027J / CMS.874 / 21H.917J Visualizing Cultures, Spring 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extensive reading and discussion of how visual images impose a variety of identities on individuals and societies. Case studies drawn primarily from the Pacific region, and include: identities of individuals in a society; ...

Dower, John W.

439

Parametric yield driven resource binding in behavioral synthesis with multi-Vth/Vdd library  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ever-increasing chip power dissipation in SoCs has imposed great challenges on today's circuit design. It has been shown that multiple threshold and supply voltages assignment (multi-Vth/Vdd) is an ...

Yibo Chen; Yuan Xie; Yu Wang; Andres Takach

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Spectral Energy Fluxes in Geostrophic Turbulence: Implications for Ocean Energetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy pathways in geostrophic turbulence are explored using a two-layer, flat-bottom, f-plane, quasigeostrophic model forced by an imposed, horizontally homogenous, baroclinically unstable mean flow and damped by bottom Ekman friction. A ...

Robert B. Scott; Brian K. Arbic

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

An Odds Ratio Parameterization for ROC Diagram and Skill Score Indices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relative operating characteristic (ROC) diagram is often used to assess the performance of a classification system, like the categorical forecast of an event occurrence. Categorical forecasting can be obtained by imposing a threshold on a ...

Agostino Manzato

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Stratospheric Temperature and Radiative Forcing Response to 11-Year Solar Cycle Changes in Irradiance and Ozone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 11-yr solar cycle temperature response to spectrally resolved solar irradiance changes and associated ozone changes is calculated using a fixed dynamical heating (FDH) model. Imposed ozone changes are from satellite observations, in contrast ...

L. J. Gray; S. T. Rumbold; K. P. Shine

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Radiation Impacts on Conditionally Unstable Moist Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present work analyzes the impacts of radiative cooling in three-dimensional high-resolution direct numerical simulations of moist RayleighBnard convection. An atmospheric slab is destabilized by imposing a warm, moist lower boundary and a ...

Olivier Pauluis; Jrg Schumacher

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

A Spectral Deferred Correction Method Applied to the Shallow Water Equations on a Sphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although significant gains have been made in achieving high-order spatial accuracy in global climate modeling, less attention has been given to the impact imposed by low-order temporal discretizations. For long-time simulations, the error ...

Jun Jia; Judith C. Hill; Katherine J. Evans; George I. Fann; Mark A. Taylor

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

The Dry-Entropy Budget of a Moist Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The entropy budget has been a popular starting point for theories of the work, or dissipation, performed by moist atmospheres. For a dry atmosphere, the entropy budget provides a theory for the dissipation in terms of the imposed diabatic heat ...

David M. Romps

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Weather Modificationa Scenario for the Future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ever-increasing severe economic damage imposed on national and world wide economies by severe weather, the need for sufficient and safe water resources for an increasing world population, and the threat of adverse climate change led to this ...

Roland List

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

High efficiency thin film silicon solar cells with novel light trapping : principle, design and processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One major efficiency limiting factor in thin film solar cells is weak absorption of long wavelength photons due to the limited optical path length imposed by the thin film thickness. This is especially severe in Si because ...

Zeng, Lirong, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Visualizing Meteorological Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The extensive growth in meteorological data over the last several decades is imposing severe strains on the meteorologist's ability to fully exploit the data's ultimate value within the time constraints of forecasting operations. Fortunately, the ...

James A. Schiavone; Thomas V. Papathomas

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Composing heterogeneous software with style  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tools for composing software impose homogeneity requirements on what is composed-that modules must share a language, target the same libraries, or share other conventions. This inhibits cross-language and cross-infrastructure composition. We observe ...

Stephen Kell

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Warming of the North Pacific Ocean: Local AirSea Coupling and Remote Climatic Impacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, global climatic response to the North Pacific oceanic warming is investigated in a series of coupled oceanatmosphere modeling experiments. In the model, an idealized heating is imposed over the North Pacific Ocean, while the ocean ...

Lixin Wu; Chun Li

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Energy Transport in the Vaidya System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy transport mechanisms can be generated by imposing relations between null tetrad Ricci components. Several kinds of mass and density transport generated by these relations are studied for the generalized Vaidya system.

J. P. Krisch; E. N. Glass

2005-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

452

UNKNOWN  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

(1) The contamination may be too great, (2) suitable or cost-effec- tive remediation technologies may not currently be available, (3) remediation may impose too great a risk...

453

Delaware | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the public utilities tax imposed on new or increased consumption of natural gas and electricity for four years. The public utilities tax rate is 4.25 percent. The utility tax on...

454

Effects of Mean Flow Direction on Energy, Isotropy, and Coherence of Baroclinically Unstable Beta-Plane Geostrophic Turbulence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of mean flow direction on statistically steady, baroclinically unstable, beta-plane quasigeostrophic (QG) turbulence are examined in a two-layer numerical model. The turbulence is forced by an imposed, horizontally homogeneous, ...

Brian K. Arbic; Glenn R. Flierl

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Why Does the Amazon Water Flow to the North after Its Discharge?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Through a simple model, it is demonstrated that earth's sphericity (the beta effect) imposes a severe constraint on the discharge pattern near the equator. Using either bottom or lateral friction to counter the beta effect in the vorticity ...

Hsien Wang Ou

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

The Temporal Efficiency of SO2 Emissions Trading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rain Program; and Rubin and Kling (1993) for a simulation of a potential banking program for hydrocarbon emission standards imposed on light-duty vehicle manufacturers. 4 A reasonable estimate of counterfactual emissions from all the units...

Ellerman, A Denny; Montero, Juan-Pablo

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

457

Design and characterization of Hover Nano Aerial Vehicle (HNAV) propulsion system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On October 4th 2005, DARPA released a request for proposals for a Nano-Air Vehicle (NAV) program. The program sought to develop an advanced urban reconnaissance vehicle. According the requirement imposed by DARPA, the NAV ...

Sato, Sho, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

WindEvaporation Feedback and Abrupt Seasonal Transitions of Weak, Axisymmetric Hadley Circulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For an imposed thermal forcing localized off the equator, it is known that conservation of absolute angular momentum in axisymmetric flow produces a nonlinear response once the forcing exceeds a critical amplitude. It is shown here that, for a ...

William R. Boos; Kerry A. Emanuel

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Seeking String Theory in the Cosmos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the existence, formation and properties of cosmic strings in string theory, the wide variety of observational techniques that are being employed to detect them, and the constraints that current observations impose on string theory models.

Copeland, Edmund J; Vachaspati, Tanmay

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Equatorial Superrotation and Maintenance of the General Circulation in Two-Level Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Suarez and Duffy have noted an interesting bifurcation in a two-level gridpoint general circulation model when strong tropical heating is imposed. This bifurcation results in a model climatology with strong upper-level westerlies in the tropics. ...

R. Saravanan

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Information and Communication in Lean Product Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, the implications and influences that information and communication impose on lean product development in general, as well as the development of a lean Product Development Value Stream Display (lean PDVSD) ...

Graebsch, Martin

462

Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: Helium isotope trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

super-imposed on regional trends can identify potentialCrust: Helium Isotope Trends I B. Mack Kennedyl andlMatthijsin the west, a regional trend that correlates with the rates

Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Warming Break Trends and Fractional Integration in the Northern, Southern, and Global Temperature Anomaly Series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the estimation of time trends in temperature anomaly series. However, instead of imposing that the estimated residuals from the time trends are covariance stationary processes with spectral density that is positive and ...

Luis A. Gil-Alana

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

LEHR  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

be imposed for some areas of the LEHR Facility. These include restrictions to prevent residential use of a small area at the site and a soil management plan to ensure that...

465

Response of Baroclinic Life Cycles to Barotropic Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cyclonic barotropic shear of incrementally increasing magnitude is imposed on an idealized midlatitude jet, and the life cycles of baroclinically unstable wavenumber 6 perturbations growing on these jets are studied. When the barotropic shear ...

Dennis L. Hartmann; Peter Zuercher

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Life Cycle of a Linear Coastal-Trapped Disturbance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recent climatology of observed coastal-trapped disturbances in the marine atmospheric boundary layer along the United States west coast motivates the detailed examination, for a specific form of imposed forcing, of a linear shallow-water ...

R. M. Samelson; A. M. Rogerson

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Grid-based processing of high-volume meteorological data sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our energy production increasingly depends on regenerative energy sources, which impose new challenges. One problem is the availability of regenerative energy sources like wind and solar radiation that is influenced by fluctuating meteorological conditions. ...

Guido Scherp; Jan Ploski; Wilhelm Hasselbring

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

New Method and Reporting of Uncertainty in LBNL National Energy Modeling System Runs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Method Because coal and natural gas prices are endogenouslyto the end-use coal and natural gas price via the epm.fdoubles the natural gas and coal price through an imposed

Gumerman, Etan Z.; LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Marnay, Chris

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Multicore Programming Challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The computer industry is facing fundamental challenges that are driving a major change in the design of computer processors. Due to restrictions imposed by quantum physics, one historical path to higher computer processor performance - by increased clock ...

Michael Perrone

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

International aeronautical user charges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: 1.1 BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION Very few issues relating to the international air transportation industry are today as divisive as those pertaining to user charges imposed at international airports and enroute ...

Odoni, Amedeo R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Multi-channel reliability and spectrum usage in real homes: empirical studies for home-area sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Home area networks (HANs) consisting of wireless sensors have emerged as the enabling technology for important applications such as smart energy. These applications impose unique QoS constraints, requiring low data rates but high network reliability ...

Mo Sha; Gregory Hackmann; Chenyang Lu

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Practical results with CADSYS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CADSYS is an interactive computer-aided decision support system which interfaces designer with a mathematical, rather than graphic, model of a design problem. Multiple design goals can be imposed in the form of equality and inequality constraints, whose ...

Daniel E. Whitney

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

An Eulerian Model of Dispersion in the Convective Boundary Layer Using Explicit Periodic Advections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have developed a relatively simple, first-order closure, Eulerian diffusion model, in which turbulent coherent structures of the convective boundary layer are explicitly included as periodic velocities imposed on a stationary and ...

John J. Carroll; Ming Liu

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Rethinking the light water reactor fuel cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The once through nuclear fuel cycle adopted by the majority of countries with operating commercial power reactors imposes a number of concerns. The radioactive waste created in the once through nuclear fuel cycle has to ...

Shwageraus, Evgeni, 1973-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Relative Roles of Elevated Heating and Surface Temperature Gradients in Driving Anomalous Surface Winds over Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Elevated heating by cumulus convection and sea surface temperature gradients are both thought to contribute to surface winds over tropical oceans. The relative strength and role of each mechanism is examined by imposing forcing derived from data ...

John C. H. Chiang; Stephen E. Zebiak; Mark A. Cane

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Quantum noise and radiation pressure effects in high power optical interferometers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, a variety of mechanical systems have been approaching quantum limits to their sensitivity of continuous position measurements imposed by the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. Most notably, gravitational ...

Corbitt, Thomas Randall

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Trading pollution for water quality : assessing the effects of market-based instruments in three basins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since its passage in 1972, the majority of pollution reduction under the federal Clean Water Act has resulted from technology-based limits imposed on point source dischargers. However, most U.S. water bodies are unmonitored ...

Wallace, Katherine Hay

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

A Southern Hemisphere Wave Response to ENSO with Implications for Southern Africa Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ensemble GCM simulations with an imposed, idealized warming of the eastern Pacific Ocean reveal two wave anomalies in the Southern Hemisphere, one in the eastern and one in the western hemisphere. Both are statistically significant at the 99% ...

Kerry H. Cook

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Call admission control with SLA negotiation in qos-enabled networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a Service Level Agreement (SLA) negotiation technique for Instantaneous Request (IR) call connections based on information in context of Book-Ahead (BA) reservation. Resource sharing between IR and BA reservation imposes a number ...

Iftekhar Ahmad; Joarder Kamruzzaman; Srinivas Aswathanarayaniah

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Bifurcation and Stability of Low-Order Steady Flows in Horizontally and Vertically Forced Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of a convecting fluid to externally imposed horizontal and vertical temperature gradients is fundamentally different from that obtained when only vertical forcing is present. Using a three-component spectral model of two-dimensional ...

David A. Yost; Hampton N. Shirer

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impose substantial burdens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

An Approach to Measure the Coupled Thermo-Electro-Mechanical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... one full life cycle of an anode under the imposed current density of 0.6 to 1 Acm-2 to ... The variation of the thickness of the air gap is also investigated through...

482

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

This allows researchers to conduct a wider range of transient simulations and to impose a load profile on the turbine in the system. The addition of a dSpace simulator has expanded...

483

Regulation of the periplasmic stress responses in E. coli and P. aeruginosa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ability to adapt to changing environments is essential to survival. Bacteria have developed sophisticated means by which they sense and respond to stresses imposed by changes in the environment. I have undertaken the ...

Cezairliyan, Brent (Brent O.)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Steady Coastal Circulation Due to Oceanic Alongshore Pressure Gradients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A depth-averaged barotropic model is used to investigate the steady response of the coastal ocean to alongshore pressure gradients imposed by the deep ocean. Solution indicate that the dimensionless continental margin width ? is the appropriate ...

Jason H. Middleton

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Local and Mesoscale Impacts of Wind Farms as Parameterized in a Mesoscale NWP Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new wind farm parameterization has been developed for the mesoscale numerical weather prediction model, the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF). The effects of wind turbines are represented by imposing a momentum sink on the mean flow; ...

Anna C. Fitch; Joseph B. Olson; Julie K. Lundquist; Jimy Dudhia; Alok K. Gupta; John Michalakes; Idar Barstad

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

A Large-Eddy Simulation Study of Moist Convection Initiation over Heterogeneous Surface Fluxes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses large-eddy simulations to investigate processes of moist convection initiation (CI) over heterogeneous surface fluxes. Surface energy balance is imposed via a 180 phase lag of the surface moisture flux (relative to the sensible ...

Song-Lak Kang; George H. Bryan

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Nonaxisymmetric Thermally Driven Circulations and Upper-Tropospheric Monsoon Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors investigate the nonlinear dynamics of almost inviscid, thermally forced, divergent circulations in situations that are not axisymmetric. In shallow-water numerical calculations, asymmetry is imposed on a locally forced anticyclone by ...

C. Juno Hsu; R. Alan Plumb

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Baroclinically Unstable Geostrophic Turbulence in the Limits of Strong and Weak Bottom Ekman Friction: Application to Midocean Eddies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the plausibility of mesoscale eddy generation through local baroclinic instability of weak midocean gyre flows. The main tool is a statistically steady, two-layer quasigeostrophic turbulence model driven by an imposed, ...

Brian K. Arbic; Glenn R. Flierl

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

DOE G 420.2-1, Accelerator Facility Safety Implementation Guide for DOE O 420.2B, Safety of Accelerator Facilities  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This document is an aid to understanding and meeting the requirements of DOE O 420.2B, Safety of Accelerator Facilities, dated 7/23/04. It does not impose ...

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

SEAB Subcommittee on Small Modular Reactors (SMR)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

imposed by the NRC will affect costs. It is also expected that there will be a learning curve that reduces the costs that go with first builds of any large device. The...

491

Quasi-Equilibrium States in the Tropics Simulated by a Cloud-Resolving Model. Part I: Specific Features and Budget Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of long-term integrations using the two-dimensional Goddard Cumulus Ensemble (GCE) model were performed with various imposed environmental components. Vertical wind shear, minimum surface wind speed (only used for computing surface ...

C-L. Shie; W-K. Tao; J. Simpson; C-H. Sui

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

A Model of Multiple Zonal Jets in the Oceans: Dynamical and Kinematical Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiple alternating zonal jets observed in the ocean are studied with an idealized quasigeostrophic zonal-channel model, with the supercritical, zonal background flow imposed. Both eastward and westward background flows with vertical shear are ...

P. Berloff; I. Kamenkovich; J. Pedlosky

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Method and apparatus for continuous annular electrochromatography  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Separation of complex mixtures and solutions can be carried out using a method and apparatus for continuous annular electrochromatography. Solutes are diverted radially by an imposed electrical field as they move downward in a rotating chromatographic column.

Scott, Charles D. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Metropolitan Landfill Abatement Act (Minnesota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A fee is imposed on operators of mixed municipal solid waste disposal facilities corresponding to the amount of waste taken in. Waste residue from recycling facilities or resource recovery...

495

Beyond the no-slip boundary condition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper offers a simple macroscopic approach to the question of the slip boundary condition to be imposed upon the tangential component of the fluid velocity at a solid boundary. Plausible reasons are advanced for ...

Brenner, Howard

496

Integral Scales for the Nocturnal Boundary Layer. Part II: Heat Budget, Transport and Energy Implications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Part I, external forcings such as pressure gradient, terrain roughness and imposed cooling were used to forecast the thickness and strength of an exponentially-shaped (ES) nocturnal boundary layer (NBL) temperature profile. In Part II, it is ...

Roland B. Stull

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

The 'Supply-of-Storage' for Natural Gas in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cycle imposed by natural gas demand. Over the last twentyseasonal cycle in natural gas demand makes price at theCalifornia increase demand for natural gas, which is partly

Uria, Rocio; Williams, Jeffrey

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Reliability and competitive electricity markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite all of the talk about ?deregulation? of the electricity sector, a large number of non-market mechanisms have been imposed on emerging competitive wholesale and retail markets. These mechanisms include spot market ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Acceleration of a Stratified Current over a Sloping Bottom, Driven by an Alongshelf Pressure Gradient  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An idealized theoretical model is developed for the acceleration of a two-dimensional, stratified current over a uniformly sloping bottom, driven by an imposed alongshelf pressure gradient and taking into account the effects of buoyancy advection ...

David C. Chapman; Steven J. Lentz

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

A Current-Induced Ekman Spiral in the St. Lawrence Estuary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current-meter measurements indicate the presence of a mean Ekman spiral imposed upon the dominant tidal oscillation of the St. Lawrence estuary. Estimates of vertical eddy coefficients are consistent with previous estimates. It is hypothesized ...

Clifford L. Trump

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z