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1

Emulsified industrial oils recycling  

SciTech Connect

The industrial lubricant market has been analyzed with emphasis on current and/or developing recycling and re-refining technologies. This task has been performed for the United States and other industrialized countries, specifically France, West Germany, Italy and Japan. Attention has been focused at emulsion-type fluids regardless of the industrial application involved. It was found that emulsion-type fluids in the United States represent a much higher percentage of the total fluids used than in other industrialized countries. While recycling is an active matter explored by the industry, re-refining is rather a result of other issues than the mere fact that oil can be regenerated from a used industrial emulsion. To extend the longevity of an emulsion is a logical step to keep expenses down by using the emulsion as long as possible. There is, however, another important factor influencing this issue: regulations governing the disposal of such fluids. The ecological question, the respect for nature and the natural balances, is often seen now as everybody's task. Regulations forbid dumping used emulsions in the environment without prior treatment of the water phase and separation of the oil phase. This is a costly procedure, so recycling is attractive since it postpones the problem. It is questionable whether re-refining of these emulsions - as a business - could stand on its own if these emulsions did not have to be taken apart for disposal purposes. Once the emulsion is separated into a water and an oil phase, however, re-refining of the oil does become economical.

Gabris, T.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

OIL IMPORTS: For and Against  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

OIL IMPORTS: For and Against ... The eight—Ashland Oil, Atlantic Richfield, Cities Service, Marathon Oil, Mobil Oil, Standard Oil (Ind.), ...

1969-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

3

Used oil recycling: Closing the loop  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides an overview of the recycling and re-refining of used oil. Recommended best management practices to encourage the safe management, collection, recovery and purchasing of this resource are identified. Management practices address handling, separating, and specifications. Other topics outlined include collection methods, market research, state studies and programs, environmental and economic factors of recycling, re-refining, and oil filters. References, studies, regulations, and other sources of information are noted in the bibliography.

Arner, R. [Northern Virginia Planning District Commission, Annandale, VA (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Used oil disposal and recycling in the United States  

SciTech Connect

Used oil represents an important energy resource, which, if properly managed and reused, could lessen US dependence on imported fuels. About 1.4 million gallons of used oil is generated annually in the United States. Of that total, about 70% is recycled: 57% is used as fuel and 12% is refined. In August 1992, the US Environmental Protection Agency adopted standards for recycling of used oil, and many states also regulate used oil (six states list used oil as hazardous waste). This report reviews the sources of used oil and methods of disposition, focusing on reprocessing and re-refining. About 83% of the recycled used oil is reprocessed for use as fuel. However, concern about the level of lead in such fuel is increasing. Re-refining used oil is an environmentally friendly process that yields higher energy savings than reprocessing; however, it is more capital-intensive. Reprocessing used oil for use as fuel yields an energy savings (over disposal) of 131,130 Btu/gal, while re-refining the oil for reuse as lube oil saves 180,000 Btu/gal, an advantage of 48,870 Btu/gal. However, further research is needed to enhance re- refining and to demonstrate the quality and competitiveness of its products.

Karvelas, D.E.; Daniels, E.J.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Measuring Dependence on Imported Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Dependence on Imported Oil Dependence on Imported Oil by C. William Skinner* U.S. dependence on imported oil** can be measured in at least two ways. The differences hinge largely on whether oil imports are defined as net imports (total imports minus exports) or as total imports. EIA believes that the net-imports definition gives a clearer indication of the fraction of oil consumed that could not have been supplied from domestic sources and is thus the most appropriate measure. With this issue of the Monthly Energy Review, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) introduces a revised table that expresses depend- ence on imports in terms of both measures. How dependent is the United States on foreign oil? How dependent are we on oil from the Persian Gulf or other sensitive areas? Do we import more than we produce domes-

6

Assessment of opportunities to increase the recovery and recycling rates of waste oils  

SciTech Connect

Waste oil represents an important energy resource that, if properly managed and reused, would reduce US dependence on imported fuels. Literature and current practice regarding waste oil generation, regulations, collection, and reuse were reviewed to identify research needs and approaches to increase the recovery and recycling of this resource. The review revealed the need for research to address the following three waste oil challenges: (1) recover and recycle waste oil that is currently disposed of or misused; (2) identify and implement lubricating oil source and loss reduction opportunities; and (3) develop and foster an effective waste oil recycling infrastructure that is based on energy savings, reduced environment at impacts, and competitive economics. The United States could save an estimated 140 {times} 1012 Btu/yr in energy by meeting these challenges.

Graziano, D.J.; Daniels, E.J.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze) 237-0121 Yes No No #12;Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries Valvoline Instant Oil Change-9929 Yes Yes Yes * See the DEP website, www.dep.state.pa.us/cgi_apps/oil, for used oil recycling locations

Maroncelli, Mark

8

Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf January - June 2013 | Release Date: August 29, 2013 | Next Release Date: February 27, 2014 2013 Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf Highlights It should be noted that several factors influence the source of a company's crude oil imports. For example, a company like Motiva, which is partly owned by Saudi Refining Inc., would be expected to import a large percentage from the Persian Gulf, while Citgo Petroleum Corporation, which is owned by the Venezuelan state oil company, would not be expected to import a large percentage from the Persian Gulf, since most of their imports likely come from Venezuela. In addition, other factors that influence a specific company's sources of crude oil imports would include the characteristics of various crude oils as well as a company's economic

9

Status of LLNL Hot-Recycled-Solid oil shale retort  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated the technical and economic barriers facing the introduction of an oil shale industry and we have chosen Hot-Recycled-Solid (HRS) oil shale retorting as the primary advanced technology of interest. We are investigating this approach through fundamental research, operation of a 4 tonne-per-day, HRS pilot plant and development of an Oil Shale Process (OSP) mathematical model. Over the last three years, from June 1991 to June 1993, we completed a series of runs (H10--H27) using the 4-TPD pilot plant to demonstrate the technical feasibility of the HRS process and answer key scale-up questions. With our CRADA partners, we seek to further develop the HRS technology, maintain and enhance the knowledge base gained over the past two decades through research and development by Government and industry and determine the follow on steps needed to advance the technology towards commercialization. The LLNL Hot-Recycled-Solid process has the potential to improve existing oil shale technology. It processes oil shale in minutes instead of hours, reducing plant size. It processes all oil shale, including fines rejected by other processes. It provides controls to optimize product quality for different applications. It co-generates electricity to maximize useful energy output. And, it produces negligible SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} emissions, a non-hazardous waste shale and uses minimal water.

Baldwin, D.E.; Cena, R.J.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

10

Environmental, resource conservation, and economic aspects of used oil recycling  

SciTech Connect

In order to provide current and updated information, the case for burning used automotive lubricating oil versus re-refining it has been reevaluated based upon the 1980 American economy and energy conservation posture. In these comparisons, the environment is considered within four scenarios ranging from unrestricted burning of used oil without government constraints to complete prohibition of burning thereby funneling all used automotive lube oils to re-refining. Two other areas have been reevaluated in the context of burning versus re-refining of automotive lube oils in the US. These are the material and energy advantages to be realized in terms of resource conservation through either burning or re-refining and an estimation of the economics and profit potential currently available in the disposition of used lube oil. It was found that environmental concerns as presently regulated do not alone provide a persuasive case for re-refining over burning of used automotive lubricating oil. However, in view of the increased use of paraffinic crude oil for the manufacture of automotive lubricating oil, production costs will rise and product yields will be lower. In this context, this study shows that the energy required to produce. As a produce a gallon of lube oil from paraffinic crude oil is greater than that to produce a gallon of lube oil from used lubricating oil. As a result, the re-refining of collectible used automotive lube oil could conserve 43 to 76 trillion Btu's per year, equivalent to 7 to 12 million barrels of imported crude oil worth between a quarter and a half billion dollars. Additionally, this study indicates that new technology such as solvent/distillation re-refining would provide a 26 percent after-tax return on investment based upon 1980 markets and costs.

Brinkman, D.W.; Whisman, M.L.; Weinstein, N.J.; Emmerson, H.R.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Recycling used palm oil and used engine oil to produce white bio oil, bio petroleum diesel and heavy fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recycling waste materials produced in our daily life is considered as an additional resource of a wide range of materials and it conserves the environment. Used engine oil and used cooking oil are two oils disposed off in large quantities as a by-product of our daily life. This study aims at providing white bio oil bio petroleum diesel and heavy fuel from the disposed oils. Toxic organic materials suspected to be present in the used engine oil were separated using vacuum column chromatography to reduce the time needed for the separation process and to avoid solvent usage. The compounds separated were detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and found to contain toxic aromatic carboxylic acids. Used cooking oils (thermally cracked from usage) were collected and separated by vacuum column chromatography. White bio oil produced was examined by GC-MS. The white bio oil consists of non-toxic hydrocarbons and is found to be a good alternative to white mineral oil which is significantly used in food industry cosmetics and drugs with the risk of containing polycyclic aromatic compounds which are carcinogenic and toxic. Different portions of the used cooking oil and used engine were mixed to produce several blends for use as heavy oil fuels. White bio oil was used to produce bio petroleum diesel by blending it with petroleum diesel and kerosene. The bio petroleum diesel produced passed the PETRONAS flash point and viscosity specification test. The heat of combustion of the two blends of heavy fuel produced was measured and one of the blends was burned to demonstrate its burning ability. Higher heat of combustion was obtained from the blend containing greater proportion of used engine oil. This study has provided a successful recycled alternative for white bio oil bio petroleum fuel and diesel which can be an energy source.

Mustafa Hamid Al-abbas; Wan Aini Wan Ibrahim; Mohd. Marsin Sanagi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recycling is a series of activities that include collecting recyclable materials that would otherwise be considered , sorting and processing recyclables into raw materials such as fibers, and manufacturing ra...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Recycling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recycling Recycling Reducing our impact requires big and small behavioral changes, from printing pages double-sided to separating metals during multi-million-dollar building...

14

US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports | Department of...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports Source: Energy Information Administration Short Term Energy Outlook. Chart by Daniel...

15

US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports Source: Energy Information Administration Short Term Energy Outlook. Chart by...

16

Evaluation of western and eastern shale oil residua as asphalt pavement recycling agents  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this investigation was to perform a preliminary evaluation of the utility of residual materials prepared from Green River Formation (western) and New Albany Shale (eastern) shale oils as recycling agents for aged asphalt pavement. Four petroleum asphalts were first aged by a thin-film accelerated-aging test, which simulates long service life of asphalt in pavement. The aged asphalts were mixed (recycled) with Green River Formation shale oil distillation residua to restore the original viscosities. Separately, for comparison, a commercial recycling agent was used to recycle the aged asphalts under the same circumstances. The recycled asphalts were reaged and the properties of both binder and asphalt-aggregate mixtures studied. Originally, the same study was intended for an eastern shale residua. However, the eastern shale oil distillation residua with the required flash point specification also had the properties of a viscosity builder; therefore, it was studied as such with asphalts that do not achieve sufficient viscosity during processing to serve as usable binders. Results show that Green River Formation shale oil residuum can be used to restore the original asphalt properties with favorable rheological properties, the shale oil residuum has a beneficial effect on resistance to moisture damage, the low-temperature properties of the shale oil residuum recycled asphalts are not adversely affected, and the low-temperature properties of the shale oil residuum recycled asphalts are dependent upon the chemistry of the mixture. The eastern shale oil residua was blended with soft petroleum asphalts. Results show the products have higher viscosities than the starting materials, the rheological properties of the soft asphalt-eastern shale oil residue blends are acceptable, and the eastern shale oil residue has dispersant properties despite its high viscosity. 11 refs., 3 figs., 9 tabs.

Harnsberger, P.M.; Robertson, R.E.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Quantitative Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy as a Tool To Evaluate Chemical Modification of Deep Hydrotreated Recycled Lube Oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantitative Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy as a Tool To Evaluate Chemical Modification of Deep Hydrotreated Recycled Lube Oils ... Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439, United States ...

John V. Muntean; Joseph A. Libera; Seth W. Snyder; Tianpin Wu; Donald C. Cronauer

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

18

Rapid pyrolysis of Green River and New Albany oil shales in solid-recycle systems  

SciTech Connect

We are studying second generation oil shale retorting by a combined laboratory and modeling program coupled with operation of a 1 tonne-per-day solid-recycle pilot retorting facility. In the retort, we have measured oil yields equal to Fischer assay for Western, Green River shale and Eastern, New Albany shale. Laboratory experiments have measured yields of 125% of Fischer assay under ideal conditions in sand fluidized beds. However, when oxidized (or spent) shale is present in the bed, a decline in yield is observed along with increased coke formation. Recycling clay catalysts may improve oil yield by olefin absorption on active sites, preventing coke formation on these sites and allowing olefin incorporation into the oil. We studied the solid mixing limits in solid-recycle systems and conclude that nearly intimate mixing is required for adequate heat transfer and to minimize oil coke formation. Recycling oxidized shale has shown to self-scrub H/sub 2/S and SO/sub 2/ when processing Western shale. Cooling of spent shale with water from 500/degree/C releases H/sub 2/S. We describe an apparatus which uses solid-recycle to reduce the temperature before water spray to cool the shale without H/sub 2/S release. 6 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Cena, R.J.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Single-Use Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Single-use recycling is specially used oil treatment, generating recycled product for a single finite reuse.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 26. F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 48 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 26. F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 48 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

22

The importance of cytosolic glutamine synthetase in nitrogen assimilation and recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nitrogen mobilization and recycling in trees. Photosynthesisloci mapping for nitrogen recycling in rice. Journal ofNitrogen Assimilation and Recycling Stéphanie M. Bernard 1

Bernard, S.M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

The Possible Loss of Venezuelan Heavy Crude Oil Imports Underscores the Strategic Importance of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Possible Loss of Venezuelan Heavy Crude Oil Imports Underscores the Strategic Importance crude, making reliance on Canadian heavy crude oil more significant, and the approval of the Keystone XL of ConocoPhillips' Petrozuata- Hamaca and ExxonMobil's Cerro Negro Orinoco Belt heavy oil projects

Texas at Austin, University of

24

Status of LLNL Hot-Recycled-Solid oil shale retort, January 1991--September 30, 1993  

SciTech Connect

Our objective, together with our CRADA partners, is to demonstrate advanced technology that could lead to an economic and environmentally acceptable commercialization of oil shale. We have investigated the technical and economic barriers facing the introduction of an oil shale industry and we have chosen Hot-Recycled-Solid (HRS) oil shale retorting as the primary advanced technology of interest. We are investigating this approach through fundamental research, operation of a 4 tonne-per-day HRS pilot plant and development of an Oil Shale Process (OSP) mathematical model. The LLNL Hot-Recycled-Solid process has the potential to improve existing oil shale technology. It processes oil shale in minutes instead of hours, reducing plant size. It processes all oil shale, including fines rejected by other processes. It provides controls to optimize product quality for different applications. It co-generates electricity to maximize useful energy output. And, it produces negligible SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} emissions, a non-hazardous waste shale and uses minimal water.

Cena, R.J.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Recycling and re-refining used lubricating oils  

SciTech Connect

This article will point out the advantages and disadvantages of current oil and oily water disposal techniques in operation today. The emphasis will be on the environmental (long- and short-term) ramifications which may be encountered by each disposal technique.

Pyziak, T.; Brinkman, D.W. [Safety-Kleen Corp. Elk Gove Village, IL (United States)

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Pyrolysis Using Microwave Heating: A Sustainable Process for Recycling Used Car Engine Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pyrolysis Using Microwave Heating: A Sustainable Process for Recycling Used Car Engine Oil ... A reaction temperature of 600 °C provided the greatest yield of commercially valuable products: the recovered liquid oils were composed of light paraffins and aromatic hydrocarbons that could be used as industrial feedstock; the remaining incondensable gases comprised light hydrocarbons that could potentially be used as a fuel source to power the process. ... The pyrolysis products leave the reactor and pass through a system of three water-cooled Liebig condensers [5, 6, 7], which collect condensed hydrocarbons in main and secondary collection flasks [8, 9]. ...

Su Shiung Lam; Alan D. Russell; Howard A. Chase

2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

27

A Feasibility Study for Recycling Used Automotive Oil Filters In A Blast Furnace  

SciTech Connect

This feasibility study has indicated that of the approximately 120,000 tons of steel available to be recycled from used oil filters (UOF's), a maximum blast furnace charge of 2% of the burden may be anticipated for short term use of a few months. The oil contained in the most readily processed UOF's being properly hot drained and crushed is approximately 12% to 14% by weight. This oil will be pyrolized at a rate of 98% resulting in additional fuel gas of 68% and a condensable hydrocarbon fraction of 30%, with the remaining 2% resulting as carbon being added into the burden. Based upon the writer's collected information and assessment, there appears to be no operational problems relating to the recycling of UOF's to the blast furnace. One steel plant in the US has been routinely charging UOF's at about 100 tons to 200 tons per month for many years. Extensive analysis and calculations appear to indicate no toxic consideration as a result of the pyrolysis of the small contained oil ( in the 'prepared' UOFs) within the blast furnace. However, a hydrocarbon condensate in the ''gasoline'' fraction will condense in the blast furnace scrubber water and may require additional processing the water treatment system to remove benzene and toluene from the condensate. Used oil filters represent an additional source of high quality iron units that may be effectively added to the charge of a blast furnace for beneficial value to the operator and to the removal of this resource from landfills.

Ralph M. Smailer; Gregory L. Dressel; Jennifer Hsu Hill

2002-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

28

U.S. crude oil production expected to exceed oil imports later this year  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

crude oil production expected to exceed oil imports later crude oil production expected to exceed oil imports later this year U.S. crude oil production is expected to surpass U.S. crude oil imports by the fourth quarter of this year. That would mark the first time since February 1995 that domestic crude oil output exceeds imports, according to the latest monthly energy outlook from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The United States will still need to import crude oil to help meet domestic demand. However, total crude oil imports this year are on track to fall to their lowest level since 1997. U.S. oil production is expected to continue to rise over the next two years as imports fall. As a result, the share of total U.S. petroleum consumption met by net imports is forecast to fall to 32 percent next year, the lowest level since 1985 and nearly half the peak level of 60 percent seen in

29

Dominant Middle East oil reserves critically important to world supply  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that the location production, and transportation of the 60 million bbl of oil consumed in the world each day is of vital importance to relations between nations, as well as to their economic wellbeing. Oil has frequently been a decisive factor in the determination of foreign policy. The war in the Persian Gulf, while a dramatic example of the critical importance of oil, is just the latest of a long line of oil-influenced diplomatic/military incidents, which may be expected to continue. Assuming that the world's remaining oil was evenly distributed and demand did not grow, if exploration and development proceeded as efficiently as they have in the U.S., world oil production could be sustained at around current levels to about the middle of the next century. It then would begin a long decline in response to a depleting resource base. However, the world's remaining oil is very unevenly distributed. It is located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, mostly in the Persian Gulf, and much is controlled by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Scientific resource assessments indicate that about half of the world's remaining conventionally recoverable crude oil resource occurs in the Persian Gulf area. In terms of proved reserves (known recoverable oil), the Persian Gulf portion increase to almost two-thirds.

Riva, J.P. Jr. (Library of Congress, Washington, DC (United States). Congressional Research Service)

1991-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

30

Importance of algae oil as a source of biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Algae are the fastest-growing plants in the world. Industrial reactors for algal culture are open ponds, photobioreactors and closed systems. Algae are very important as a biomass source. Algae will some day be competitive as a source for biofuel. Different species of algae may be better suited for different types of fuel. Algae can be grown almost anywhere, even on sewage or salt water, and does not require fertile land or food crops, and processing requires less energy than the algae provides. Algae can be a replacement for oil based fuels, one that is more effective and has no disadvantages. Algae are among the fastest-growing plants in the world, and about 50% of their weight is oil. This lipid oil can be used to make biodiesel for cars, trucks, and airplanes. Microalgae have much faster growth-rates than terrestrial crops. the per unit area yield of oil from algae is estimated to be from 20,000 to 80,000 l per acre, per year; this is 7–31 times greater than the next best crop, palm oil. The lipid and fatty acid contents of microalgae vary in accordance with culture conditions. Most current research on oil extraction is focused on microalgae to produce biodiesel from algal oil. Algal-oil processes into biodiesel as easily as oil derived from land-based crops.

Ayhan Demirbas; M. Fatih Demirbas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Higher U.S. oil production in 2013 and 2014 means lower oil imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Higher U.S. oil production in 2013 and 2014 means lower oil Higher U.S. oil production in 2013 and 2014 means lower oil imports U.S. crude oil production topped 7 million barrels per day in November and December for the first time in 20 years, and production is expected to keep rising over the next two years. The U.S. Energy Information Administration's new monthly forecast sees domestic crude oil output averaging 7.3 million barrels per day this year and climbing to 7.9 million barrels next year. Higher crude oil production means America will need less imported oil. U.S. net imports of crude oil and liquid fuels are forecast to drop to 6.0 million barrels per day in 2014, less than half the 12.5 million barrels per day level in 2005. That will push U.S. imports down to just 32 percent of domestic oil consumption, the lowest

32

Results of rapid pyrolysis experiments using eastern US oil shale in the Livermore solid-recycle retort  

SciTech Connect

Over the past several years Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has operated a 2-ton/day pilot-scale solid-recycle system for the study of oil shale retorting under rapid-pyrolysis conditions. Results of processing eastern US New Albany oil shale are presented and compared with results obtained previously using two western US Green River oil shales. The retort consists of a cascading mixer and plug-flow soak-tank pyrolyzer with an air lift pipe and cascading-bed combustor. In the solid-recycle system, spent shale leaving the pyrolyzer is burned in the lift and cascading-bed combustor and then returned to the retort to heat the incoming raw shale. In laboratory experiments, when raw shale is rapidly heated in a fluidized bed of sand, oil yields above those of Fischer assay are obtained. In the present experiments, hot-recycled shale is used as the heat-carrying media, resulting in oil yields comparable to those obtained from Fischer assay. The distribution and composition of solid, oil, and gas throughout the recycle system is reported for the three shales studied. The distribution of sulfur and nitrogen during processing Green River oil shale has been the focus of environmental studies at LLNL. Eastern oil shale contains 5 to 10 times more sulfur and approximately the same amount of nitrogen as western oil shale. The high sulfur content coupled with low carbonate mineral concentrations results in significant sulfur releases in the combustor-gas, compared with trace releases for western shale. Iron oxide in the recycled solid was found to effectively scrub H/sub 2/S from the pyrolysis gas for both western and eastern shales. From 0.4 to 3% of the raw shale nitrogen is released as NO/sub x/ in the combustor-gas for western shale. Releases for New Albany shale are one-tenth these levels. 8 refs., 9 figs., 7 tabs.

Cena, R.J.; Taylor, R.W.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Fact #819: April 28, 2014 Imports of Crude Oil Declining | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

9: April 28, 2014 Imports of Crude Oil Declining Fact 819: April 28, 2014 Imports of Crude Oil Declining Imports of crude oil to the U.S. were on an upward trend for about 20...

34

,"U.S. Crude Oil Imports"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Imports" Imports" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Crude Oil Imports",71,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1920" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_impcus_a2_nus_epc0_im0_mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_impcus_a2_nus_epc0_im0_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

35

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

36

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

37

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

38

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

39

U.S. net oil and petroleum product imports expected to fall to...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

net oil and petroleum product imports expected to fall to just 29 percent of demand in 2014 With rising domestic crude oil production, the United States will rely less on imports...

40

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity (Percent by Interval) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes API Gravity Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History 20.0º or Less 16.07 17.25 17.35 14.65 17.17 19.70 1983-2013 20.1º to 25.0º 34.75 32.07 33.66 33.41 32.73 35.52 1983-2013 25.1º to 30.0º 9.35 8.59 8.61 11.45 8.98 7.73 1983-2013 30.1º to 35.0º 25.99 30.03 26.36 28.73 29.89 26.56 1983-2013 35.1º to 40.0º 11.94 10.60 12.42 9.74 9.89 8.80 1983-2013 40.1º to 45.0º 1.62 1.23 1.13 1.70 1.14 W 1983-2013 45.1º or Greater 0.28 0.23 0.48 0.31 0.20 W 1983-2013 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Natural Gas Production and U.S. Oil Imports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Production and U.S. Oil Imports Natural Gas Production and U.S. Oil Imports Natural Gas Production and U.S. Oil Imports January 26, 2012 - 11:14am Addthis Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Over the next 33 years, the Energy Information Administration expect domestic natural gas production to increase to 28 trillion cubic feet per year, contributing to a decline in U.S. reliance on imported crude oil. During the State of the Union speech Tuesday night, President Obama spoke of the importance of reducing our reliance on imported oil by increasing domestic energy production. As the U.S. has only 2 percent of the world's oil reserves, natural gas and renewable energy production will play an important role in reducing our net oil imports.

42

Natural Gas Production and U.S. Oil Imports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Production and U.S. Oil Imports Natural Gas Production and U.S. Oil Imports Natural Gas Production and U.S. Oil Imports January 26, 2012 - 11:14am Addthis Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Over the next 33 years, the Energy Information Administration expect domestic natural gas production to increase to 28 trillion cubic feet per year, contributing to a decline in U.S. reliance on imported crude oil. During the State of the Union speech Tuesday night, President Obama spoke of the importance of reducing our reliance on imported oil by increasing domestic energy production. As the U.S. has only 2 percent of the world's oil reserves, natural gas and renewable energy production will play an important role in reducing our net oil imports.

43

Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Imports by Processing Area  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Product: Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil Total Products Other Liquids Unfinished Oils Naphthas and Lighter Kerosene and Light Gas Oils Heavy Gas Oils Residuum Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Product: Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil Total Products Other Liquids Unfinished Oils Naphthas and Lighter Kerosene and Light Gas Oils Heavy Gas Oils Residuum Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History East Coast (PADD 1) 62,196 60,122 54,018 52,671 54,668 52,999 1981-2013 Midwest (PADD 2) 54,439 53,849 53,638 60,984 63,482 56,972 1981-2013 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 141,142 150,846 138,204 149,059 141,421 138,656 1981-2013

44

Rising tide of U.S. oil imports sparks debate on energy security  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the historical trends in domestic oil production and the oil imports. The paper exposes government policies related to developing more strategic plans for curtailing such increases in imports while showing the continued increase in demand. It provides information from the Energy Information Administration on net oil imports as a share of US oil consumption. It also provides information showing the sources of current US imports. Discussion is made on the potential threat to national security as a result of political instability in numerous of these oil exporting countries.

Crow, P.

1996-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

45

Midwest (PADD 2) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Other Renewable Fuels Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31 to 1% Sulfur Residual F.O., Greater than 1% Sulfur Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem. Feed. Use Waxes Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Lubricants Miscellaneous Products Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

46

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Other Renewable Fuels Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31 to 1% Sulfur Residual F.O., Greater than 1% Sulfur Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem. Feed. Use Waxes Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Lubricants Miscellaneous Products Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

47

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

MTBE (Oxygenate) Other Oxygenates Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Other Renewable Diesel Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31 to 1% Sulfur Residual F.O., Greater than 1% Sulfur Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem. Feed. Use Waxes Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Lubricants Miscellaneous Products Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

48

Midwest (PADD 2) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Other Renewable Diesel Other Renewable Fuels Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31 to 1% Sulfur Residual F.O., Greater than 1% Sulfur Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem. Feed. Use Waxes Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Lubricants Miscellaneous Products Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

49

East Coast (PADD 1) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

MTBE (Oxygenate) Other Oxygenates Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Other Renewable Diesel Other Renewable Fuels Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31 to 1% Sulfur Residual F.O., Greater than 1% Sulfur Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem. Feed. Use Waxes Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Lubricants Miscellaneous Products Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

50

OIL PRICE IMPACT ON FINANCIAL MARKETS: CO-SPECTRAL ANALYSIS FOR EXPORTING VERSUS IMPORTING COUNTRIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OIL PRICE IMPACT ON FINANCIAL MARKETS: CO-SPECTRAL ANALYSIS FOR EXPORTING VERSUS IMPORTING://www.economie.polytechnique.edu/ mailto:chantal.poujouly@polytechnique.edu hal-00822070,version1-14May2013 #12;1 Oil price impact Khaled Guesmi3 Abstract The aim of this paper is to study the degree of interdependence between oil price

Boyer, Edmond

51

Table 3a. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Price in Constant Dollars" " constant dollars per barrel in ""dollar year"" specific to each...

52

Development of oil formation theories and their importance for peak oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reviews the historical development of both biogenic and non-biogenic petroleum formation. It also examines the recent claim that the so-called “abiotic” oil formation theory undermines the concept of “peak oil,” i.e. the notion that world oil production is destined to reach a maximum that will be followed by an irreversible decline. We show that peak oil is first and foremost a matter of production flows. Consequently, the mechanism of oil formation does not strongly affect depletion. We would need to revise the theory beyond peak oil only for the extreme — and unlikely — hypothesis of abiotic petroleum formation.

Mikael Höök; Ugo Bardi; Lianyong Feng; Xiongqi Pang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional Gasoline Blend. Comp. Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31 to 1% Sulfur Residual F.O., Greater than 1% Sulfur Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Waxes Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Lubricants Miscellaneous Products Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

54

Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional Gasoline Blend. Comp. Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31 to 1% Sulfur Residual F.O., Greater than 1% Sulfur Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Waxes Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Lubricants Miscellaneous Products Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

55

Oil imports: US energy dependence remains high after the Gulf War  

SciTech Connect

When Saddam Hussein sent his troops across the border into oil-rich Kuwait on Aug. 2, 1990, the stage was set for yet another global oil shock. To most everyone's surprise, the gulf war's impact on oil supplies was less traumatic, in the long run, than expected. But the situation nonetheless forces the US to confront its continued dependence on oil imports. During the last major energy crisis, in 1978-1979, oil shortages resulted in higher prices and prompted Americans to save energy. Oil imports shrank. But the subsequent fall in oil prices prompted consumers to return to bigger, less-efficient cars, and oil imports climbed back up. Then Saddam plundered his neighbor, putting the torch to more than 500 Kuwaiti oil wells and sparking the US to re-examine its energy policies. This article examines the issues involved in increased U.S. dependence on foreign oil. Areas covered are history of U.S. oil dominance, postwar (WWII) import quotas, the birth of OPEC, Reagan and Bush Administration energy policies, gas mileage standards, and the future of continued dependence.

Cooper, M.H.

1991-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

56

U.S. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

9,240 9,584 9,380 8,815 9,472 9,309 1973-2014 Crude Oil 7,264 7,547 7,165 7,054 7,623 7,471 1920-2014 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases 166 141 99 116 86 90...

57

Transporting US oil imports: The impact of oil spill legislation on the tanker market. Draft final report  

SciTech Connect

The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (``OPA``) and an even more problematic array of State pollution laws have raised the cost, and risk, of carrying oil into and out of the US. This report, prepared under contract to the US Department of energy`s Office of Domestic and International Policy, examines the impact of Federal and State oil spill legislation on the tanker market. It reviews the role of marine transportation in US oil supply, explores the OPA and State oil spill laws, studies reactions to OPA in the tanker and tank barge industries and in related industries such as insurance and ship finance, and finally, discusses the likely developments in the years ahead. US waterborne oil imports amounted to 6.5 million B/D in 1991, three-quarters of which was crude oil. Imports will rise by almost 3 million B/D by 2000 according to US Department of energy forecasts, with most of the crude oil growth after 1995. Tanker demand will grow even faster: most of the US imports and the increased traffic to other world consuming regions will be on long-haul trades. Both the number of US port calls by tankers and the volume of offshore lightering will grow. Every aspect of the tanker industry`s behavior is affected by OPA and a variety of State pollution laws.

Rowland, P.J. [Rowland (P.) Associates (United States)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

U.S. Domestic Oil Production Exceeds Imports for First Time in 18 Years |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Domestic Oil Production Exceeds Imports for First Time in 18 U.S. Domestic Oil Production Exceeds Imports for First Time in 18 Years U.S. Domestic Oil Production Exceeds Imports for First Time in 18 Years November 15, 2013 - 3:47pm Addthis Source: Energy Information Administration Short Term Energy Outlook Allison Lantero Allison Lantero Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs In February 1995, The Brady Bunch Movie and Billy Madison were in movie theaters, "Creep" by TLC was at the top of the Billboard charts, and the Yahoo! search engine had not yet been unveiled. It was also the last month the U.S. produced more oil than it imported. Until last month. During remarks in Cleveland yesterday, President Obama noted this historic milestone: in October, America produced more oil here at home than we imported from overseas.

59

U.S. Domestic Oil Production Exceeds Imports for First Time in 18 Years |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Domestic Oil Production Exceeds Imports for First Time in 18 Domestic Oil Production Exceeds Imports for First Time in 18 Years U.S. Domestic Oil Production Exceeds Imports for First Time in 18 Years November 15, 2013 - 3:47pm Addthis Source: Energy Information Administration Short Term Energy Outlook Allison Lantero Allison Lantero Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs In February 1995, The Brady Bunch Movie and Billy Madison were in movie theaters, "Creep" by TLC was at the top of the Billboard charts, and the Yahoo! search engine had not yet been unveiled. It was also the last month the U.S. produced more oil than it imported. Until last month. During remarks in Cleveland yesterday, President Obama noted this historic milestone: in October, America produced more oil here at home than we imported from overseas.

60

Effects of scale-up on oil and gas yields in a solid-recycle bed oil shale retorting process  

SciTech Connect

Fluidized bed pyrolysis of oil shale in a non-hydrogen atmosphere has been shown to significantly increase oil yield in laboratory-scale reactors compared to the Fischer assay by many workers. The enhancement in oil yield by this relatively simple and efficient thermal technique has led to the development of several oil shale retorting processes based on fluidized bed and related technologies over the past fifteen years. Since 1986, the Center for Applied Energy Research (CAER) has been developing one such process, KENTORT II, which is mainly tailored for the Devonian oil shales that occur in the eastern U.S. The process contains three main fluidized bed zones to pyrolyze, gasify, and combust the oil shale. A fourth fluidized bed zone serves to cool the spent shale prior to exiting the system. The autothermal process utilizes processed shale recirculation to transfer heat from the combustion to the gasification and pyrolysis zones. The CAER is currently testing the KENTORT II process in a 22.7-kg/hr process-development unit (PDU).

Carter, S.D.; Taulbee, D.N.; Vego, A. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Oil spills - increasing US dependence on oil imports heightens risks to environment  

SciTech Connect

Calamitous oil spills in recent years have focused attention on the devastation the world`s leading energy source can wreak on the environment. In Alaska, the 1989 grounding of the supertanker Exxon Valdez in Prince William Sound caused the worst U.S. oil spill ever and promoted Congress to pass stringent oil-pollution legislation. In the Persian Gulf, {open_quotes}eco-terroism{close_quotes} committed by Iraqi forces during the gulf war left hundreds of wells burning and oil free-flowing out of Kuwait`s refineries and oil-shipping terminals. With the United States and much of the global community increasingly dependent on petroleum moved by supertankers, oil spills will continue to threaten the environment for the foreseeable future.

NONE

1992-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

62

China's new oil import status underpins world's most dynamic petroleum scene  

SciTech Connect

China is poised to become a net importer of oil in 1994--95. That sets the stage for China importing more than 1 million b/d of crude oil and refined products on a net basis by the turn of the century. That development underpins a bigger story -- arguably the biggest story on the petroleum scene today. The turnabout that is seeing the world's fifth biggest oil producer go from significant oil exporter in recent years to major oil importer by the turn of the century points to several other truisms in the petroleum industry: That an oil demand surge in the Asia-Pacific region led by China will fuel overall world oil demand growth for years to come; that a refining and petrochemical boom in a country that accounts for about one fifth of the world's population has dramatic implications for those two industries; that privatization has gathered so much momentum in the global petroleum industry that even Communist China has embraced some form of it; that China's domestic crude supply shortfall is creating unprecedented opportunities for foreign upstream investors in one of the world's most prospective yet underexplored and underexploited regions; and that the same new openness that is distinguishing China's petroleum industry today is turning some of its state owned companies into major competitors to be reckoned with on the international scene, upstream and downstream. The paper discusses China's oil export/import balance, supply/demand outlook, policy changes, and new regulations governing export of crude oil and products.

Not Available

1994-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

63

Distillate Fuel Oil Imports Could Be Available - For A Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: So it wasn't demand and production explains only part of the reason we got through last winter with enough stocks. The mystery is solved when you look at net imports of distillate fuel last winter. As we found out, while imports are a small contributor to supply, they are sometimes crucial. Last winter, imports were the main source of supply increase following the price spike. Previous record levels were shattered as imports came pouring into the country. The fact that Europe was enjoying a warmer-than-normal winter also encouraged exports to the United States. It was massive amounts of imports, particularly from Russia, that helped us get through last winter in as good a shape as we did. Imports are expected to be relatively normal this winter. Added imports

64

U.S. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

302,265 311,620 293,713 317,538 316,119 299,380 1981-2013 302,265 311,620 293,713 317,538 316,119 299,380 1981-2013 Crude Oil 231,793 239,848 231,900 250,207 251,054 237,344 1920-2013 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases 5,268 5,261 4,667 4,819 3,708 4,020 1981-2013 Pentanes Plus 1,366 2,222 730 1,461 316 772 1981-2013 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 3,902 3,039 3,937 3,358 3,392 3,248 1981-2013 Ethane 1993-2006 Ethylene 9 12 8 12 12 9 1993-2013 Propane 2,585 1,818 2,474 2,105 1,901 1,875 1995-2013 Propylene 728 680 814 595 722 728 1993-2013 Normal Butane 181 121 149 106 272 194 1995-2013 Butylene 143 241 162 153 146 139 1993-2013 Isobutane 256 167 330 387 339 303 1995-2013 Isobutylene 1993-2010 Other Liquids 43,066 47,595 40,206 44,400 38,927 40,118 1981-2013

65

Study: Algae Could Replace 17% of U.S. Oil Imports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study: Algae Could Replace 17% of U.S. Oil Imports Study: Algae Could Replace 17% of U.S. Oil Imports Study: Algae Could Replace 17% of U.S. Oil Imports April 13, 2011 - 6:30pm Addthis Algae samples back at the NREL lab, ready to be analyzed and run through the Fluorescent-Activated Cell Sorter, or FACS, which separates the cells. | Credit: NREL Staff Photographer Dennis Schroeder. Algae samples back at the NREL lab, ready to be analyzed and run through the Fluorescent-Activated Cell Sorter, or FACS, which separates the cells. | Credit: NREL Staff Photographer Dennis Schroeder. Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Every day, the United States spends about $1 billion to import foreign oil, money that we could be investing in American energy and the American economy. President Obama recently announced an ambitious but achievable

66

Table 3b. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

b. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Price in Nominal Dollars" " nominal dollars per barrel" ,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000...

67

EIAs U.S. Crude Oil Import Tracking Tool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EIA's U.S. Crude Oil Import Tracking Tool: Selected Sample Applications November 2014 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585...

68

How Desert Storm changed U. S. oil imports  

SciTech Connect

During the past two years, US petroleum imports shrank because of economic recession. There were significant changes in the shares of the shrunken pie because of the Persian Gulf War. This issue of Energy Detente compares US crude and refined product imports by hemisphere and by country during 1991 and 1989. These trends are likely to be reversed for short and long term reasons discussed inside. US dependence on Western Hemisphere countries increased by 0.6%, Venezuela accounting for 17% more imports in 1991 than 1989 and Canada and Mexico 11% and 4% more, respectively. This issue also presents the following: (1) the ED Refining Netback Data Series for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of April 10, 1992; and (2) the ED Fuel Price/Tax Series for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere, April 1992 Edition.

Not Available

1992-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

69

U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Import Area: U.S. Import Area: U.S. Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Import Area Country May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History All Countries 311,620 293,713 317,538 316,119 299,380 297,359 1981-2013 Persian Gulf 66,194 56,827 59,730 66,973 64,391 59,920 1993-2013 OPEC* 125,395 114,753 117,595 120,909 117,616 105,745 1993-2013 Algeria 5,200 2,625 3,478 3,255 4,092 2,036 1993-2013 Angola 10,162 8,115 7,496 11,660 6,792 6,422 1993-2013 Ecuador 5,533 6,071 6,140 10,833 7,662 7,794 1993-2013 Iraq 9,937 6,850 9,275 12,308 8,618 7,000 1996-2013 Kuwait 11,181 6,518 9,585 13,006 8,980 10,382 1993-2013 Libya

70

U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: U.S. Import Area: U.S. Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Import Area Country 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History All Countries 4,915,957 4,726,994 4,267,110 4,304,533 4,174,210 3,878,852 1981-2012 Persian Gulf 789,607 867,559 616,371 624,638 679,403 789,082 1993-2012 OPEC* 2,182,607 2,179,305 1,743,143 1,790,811 1,662,720 1,563,273 1993-2012 Algeria 244,605 200,652 180,018 186,019 130,723 88,487 1993-2012 Angola 185,352 187,790 167,877 143,512 126,259 85,335 1993-2012 Ecuador 74,179 80,714 67,471 77,224 75,072 65,913 1993-2012 Iraq 176,709 229,300 164,357 151,619 167,690 174,080 1996-2012 Kuwait 66,185 76,986 66,477 71,782 69,890 111,586 1993-2012

71

Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? June 21, 2011 - 11:37am Addthis A view of Aspergillus niger with the fungus’ DNA highlighted in green | Photo Courtesy of: PNNL. A view of Aspergillus niger with the fungus' DNA highlighted in green | Photo Courtesy of: PNNL. Ben Squires Analyst, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? The Department's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are working to harness the natural process that spoils fruits and vegetables as a way to make fuel and other petroleum substitutes from the parts of plants that we can't eat. The genetic bases of the behaviors and abilities of these two industrially relevant fungal strains will allow researchers to exploit

72

The Impacts on U.S. Markets and the Economy of Reducing Oil Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Report Report The Impacts on U.S. Energy Markets and the Economy of Reducing Oil Imports Prepared by Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy For The General Accounting Office September 1996 Service Reports are prepared by EIA upon special request and may be based on assumptions specified by the requestor. Information regarding the request for this report is included in the Preface. The Impacts on U.S. Energy Markets and the Economy of Reducing Oil Imports Energy Information Administration, September 1996 For Further Information... The Impacts on U.S. Energy Markets and the Economy of Reducing Oil Imports was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting, under the direction of Mary J. Hutzler

73

Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? June 21, 2011 - 11:37am Addthis A view of Aspergillus niger with the fungus’ DNA highlighted in green | Photo Courtesy of: PNNL. A view of Aspergillus niger with the fungus' DNA highlighted in green | Photo Courtesy of: PNNL. Ben Squires Analyst, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? The Department's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are working to harness the natural process that spoils fruits and vegetables as a way to make fuel and other petroleum substitutes from the parts of plants that we can't eat. The genetic bases of the behaviors and abilities of these two industrially relevant fungal strains will allow researchers to exploit

74

U. S. demand and imports wither in recession: Oil loses share  

SciTech Connect

This issue of Energy Detente finds that the economic recession and very low prices for natural gas have cut US use of oil and reduced its oil-import dependency. The period 1985 through 1991 is examined by petroleum product. The 1991 decline in crude oil imports is felt to be an anomaly that will reverse itself in the short term; it was caused by the recession and the flurry of additional production during the Persian Gulf conflict. This issue also presents the following: (1) The ED Refining Netback Data Series for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of April 10, 1992; and (2) the ED Fuel Price/Tax Series for countries of the Western Hemisphere, April 1992 Edition.

Not Available

1992-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

75

Energy Secretary Bodman in Turkey to Highlight Importance of Expanding Oil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in Turkey to Highlight Importance of in Turkey to Highlight Importance of Expanding Oil and Gas Supply and Infrastructure Energy Secretary Bodman in Turkey to Highlight Importance of Expanding Oil and Gas Supply and Infrastructure November 16, 2007 - 4:31pm Addthis ISTANBUL, TURKEY - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today highlighted the significance of improving U.S.-Turkish business relationships, enhancing investment opportunities in the energy sector, and increasing the diversity of energy supply, suppliers and transportation routes to improve energy security and promote economic growth. "Turkey is an important energy gateway between the East and the West," Secretary Bodman said. "Fostering an environment that promotes investment opportunities as well as diversity of energy supply and suppliers through

76

,"F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for Selected Crude Streams" for Selected Crude Streams" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams",14,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_imc2_k_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_imc2_k_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

77

Total Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Data Series: Imports - Total Imports - Crude Oil Imports - Crude Oil, Commercial Imports - by SPR Imports - into SPR by Others Imports - Total Products Imports - Total Motor Gasoline Imports - Finished Motor Gasoline Imports - Reformulated Gasoline Imports - Reformulated Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Imports - Other Reformulated Gasoline Imports - Conventional Gasoline Imports - Conv. Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Imports - Conv. Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 & Ed55 Imports - Other Conventional Gasoline Imports - Motor Gasoline Blend. Components Imports - Motor Gasoline Blend. Components, RBOB Imports - Motor Gasoline Blend. Components, RBOB w/ Ether Imports - Motor Gasoline Blend. Components, RBOB w/ Alcohol Imports - Motor Gasoline Blend. Components, CBOB Imports - Motor Gasoline Blend. Components, GTAB Imports - Motor Gasoline Blend. Components, Other Imports - Fuel Ethanol Imports - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Imports - Distillate Fuel Oil Imports - Distillate F.O., 15 ppm Sulfur and Under Imports - Distillate F.O., > 15 ppm to 500 ppm Sulfur Imports - Distillate F.O., > 500 ppm to 2000 ppm Sulfur Imports - Distillate F.O., > 2000 ppm Sulfur Imports - Residual Fuel Oil Imports - Propane/Propylene Imports - Other Other Oils Imports - Kerosene Imports - NGPLs/LRGs (Excluding Propane/Propylene) Exports - Total Crude Oil and Products Exports - Crude Oil Exports - Products Exports - Finished Motor Gasoline Exports - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Exports - Distillate Fuel Oil Exports - Residual Fuel Oil Exports - Propane/Propylene Exports - Other Oils Net Imports - Total Crude Oil and Products Net Imports - Crude Oil Net Imports - Petroleum Products Period: Weekly 4-Week Avg.

78

Table 3b. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

b. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual b. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual Projected Price in Nominal Dollars (nominal dollars per barrel) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 17.06 17.21 18.24 19.43 20.64 22.12 23.76 25.52 27.51 29.67 31.86 34.00 36.05 38.36 40.78 43.29 45.88 48.37 AEO 1995 15.24 17.27 18.23 19.26 20.39 21.59 22.97 24.33 25.79 27.27 28.82 30.38 32.14 33.89 35.85 37.97 40.28 AEO 1996 17.16 17.74 18.59 19.72 20.97 22.34 23.81 25.26 26.72 28.22 29.87 31.51 33.13 34.82 36.61 38.48 40.48

79

Table 3a. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual a. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual Projected Price in Constant Dollars (constant dollars per barrel in "dollar year" specific to each AEO) AEO Dollar Year 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 1992 16.69 16.43 16.99 17.66 18.28 19.06 19.89 20.72 21.65 22.61 23.51 24.29 24.90 25.60 26.30 27.00 27.64 28.16 AEO 1995 1993 14.90 16.41 16.90 17.45 18.00 18.53 19.13 19.65 20.16 20.63 21.08 21.50 21.98 22.44 22.94 23.50 24.12 AEO 1996 1994 16.81 16.98 17.37 17.98 18.61 19.27 19.92 20.47 20.97 21.41 21.86 22.25 22.61 22.97 23.34 23.70 24.08

80

Design for chemical recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...than design. Life-cycle assessment (LCA), resource envi- ronmental profile analysis...product from cradle to grave. Although LCA is considered to be an evaluation tool and...polyol from oil. 7. The design check using LCA In order to check that chemical recycling...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Net Imports of Total Crude Oil and Products into the U.S. by Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Total Crude Oil and Products Crude Oil Products Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Conventional Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reformulated Gasoline Blend. Comp. Conventional Gasoline Blend. Comp. MTBE (Oxygenate) Other Oxygenates Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel Other Renewable Diesel Other Renewable Fuels Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 500 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem. Feed. Use Waxes Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Lubricants Miscellaneous Products Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

82

RECYCLING PROGRAM TYPE LOCATION ALLOWED NOT ALLOWED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RECYCLING PROGRAM TYPE LOCATION ALLOWED NOT ALLOWED Batteries, toner, ink cartridges & cell phones and recycling is an important part of that effort. Below is a guide to on-campus recycling at RSMAS: Visit http://www.rsmas.miami.edu/msgso/ for map of recycling bin locations. NOTE: This is not an exhaustive list. If unauthorized items are found

Miami, University of

83

Important?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What are Neutrons, What are Neutrons, and Why are They Important? Before we can understand neutrons, we need to understand atoms. Everything in the world is made up of atoms: the air, trees, cars- even your body is made up of atoms. Atoms are so small that you need a very powerful magnifying glass to see them. There are 100,000,000,000,000,000,000 atoms in a single drop of water! Even though atoms are very small, they are made up

84

Recycling of sodium waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recycling of sodium waste ... Methods for handling and recycling a dangerous and costly chemical. ...

Bettina Hubler-Blank; Michael Witt; Herbert W. Roesky

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

A monitoring system architecture and calculation of practical recycling rate for end-of-life vehicle recycling in Korea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

End-of-life vehicles (ELVs) are important recycling sources, and there are several recycling stages, including dismantling, shredding, and treatment of the automotive shredder residues (ASR). The legal recycling ...

Jung Whan Park; Hwa-Cho Yi; Myon Woong Park…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Chapter 31 - The Economics of Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recycling is generally considered an important strategy for alleviating the pressures of society on the environment while creating employment and attracting investments. In recent years, many countries have experienced large increases in recycling. This chapter aims to identify the main economic drivers of recycling, address the economic effects of recycling-related activities, and demonstrate the effectiveness of economic policies promoting recycling. The chapter demonstrates how recycling takes place in a volatile, dynamic, and globalizing world, which complicates the projections of future developments in the recycling sector. Moreover, the chapter describes which private and external costs of recycling-related activities need to be taken into account and how these effects can be valued in economic terms. Finally, the most important economic instruments to promote recycling are identified and explained.

Pieter van Beukering; Onno Kuik; Frans Oosterhuis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Imports by Area of Entry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

by Area of Entry by Area of Entry Product: Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Ethane Ethylene Propane Propylene Normal Butane Butylene Isobutane Isobutylene Other Liquids Hydrogen/Oxygenates/Renewables/Other Hydrocarbons Oxygenates (excl. Fuel Ethanol) Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) Other Oxygenates Renewable Fuels (incl. Fuel Ethanol) Fuel Ethanol Biomass-Based Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Fuels Other Hydrocarbons Unfinished Oils Naphthas and Lighter Kerosene and Light Gas Oils Heavy Gas Oils Residuum Motor Gasoline Blending Components (MGBC) MGBC - Reformulated, RBOB MGBC - Conventional MGBC - Conventional, CBOB MGBC - Conventional, GTAB MGBC - Other Conventional Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Finished Petroleum Products Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Other Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene-Type Bonded Aircraft Fuel Other Bonded Aircraft Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., Bonded, 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., Other, 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Bonded, Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Other, Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Bonded, Greater than 500 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Other, Greater than 500 ppm to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Bonded, Greater than 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Other, Greater than 2000 ppm Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Bonded Ship Bunkers, Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., Bonded Ship Bunkers, 0.31 to 1.00% Sulfur Residual F.O., Bonded Ship Bunkers, Greater than 1.00% Sulfur Petrochemical Feedstocks Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem Feed. Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

88

Extreme Recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Broadcast Transcript: Singing the recycling blues because you have to separate your chipboard from your newspaper, your steel from your aluminum, your #1 from your #2 plastic? Pantywaists! The residents of Kamikatsu, Japan ...

Hacker, Randi

2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

89

15 - Environmental Aspects of Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Paper production has several negative effects on the environment. Recycling can moderate the negative impacts on the environment and have a positive economic effect. An important benefit of recycling is a double decrease in environment loading. Paper production from recycled fibres consumes less energy, conserves natural resources and decreases environmental pollution. The conflict between economic optimisation and environmental protection has received attention for waste management system planning. Nowadays, production and use of recycled paper is well established and widely accepted. The necessary technologies are available and it is possible to produce all types and qualities of paper using wastepaper as raw material. Paper recycling induces numerous environmental benefits. In this chapter, environmental aspects of recycling are discussed.

Pratima Bajpai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

,"U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" 7,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_impcus_a2_nus_ep00_im0_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_impcus_a2_nus_ep00_im0_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 10:29:12 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports" "Sourcekey","MTTIMUS1","MTTIMUSPG1","MTTIMXX1","MTTIMUSAG1","MTTIMUSAO1","MTTIMUSEC1","MTTIMIZ1","MTTIMUSKU1","MTTIMLY1","MTTIMUSNI1","MTTIMQA1","MTTIMUSSA1","MTTIMUSTC1","MTTIMUSVE1","MTTIMUSVV1","MTTIM_NUS-NAL_1","MTTIMUSAR1","MTTIM_NUS-NAA_1","MTTIMUSAS1","MTTIM_NUS-NAU_1","MTTIM_NUS-NAJ_1","MTTIMUSBF1","MTTIM_NUS-NBA_1","MTTIM_NUS-NBB_1","MTTIM_NUS-NBO_1","MTTIMUSBE1","MTTIM_NUS-NBH_1","MTTIM_NUS-NBN_1","MTTIM_NUS-NBL_1","MTTIMUSBR1","MTTIMUSBX1","MTTIM_NUS-NBU_1","MTTIM_NUS-NBM_1","MTTIMUSCM1","MTTIMUSCA1","MTTIM_NUS-NCD_1","MTTIM_NUS-NCI_1","MTTIMUSCH1","MTTIMUSCO1","MTTIMUSCF1","MTTIMUSCG1","MTTIM_NUS-NCW_1","MTTIM_NUS-NCS_1","MTTIM_NUS-NHR_1","MTTIM_NUS-NCY_1","MTTIM_NUS-NCZ_1","MTTIM_NUS-NDA_1","MTTIM_NUS-NDR_1","MTTIMUSEG1","MTTIM_NUS-NES_1","MTTIM_NUS-NEK_1","MTTIM_NUS-NEN_1","MTTIM_NUS-NFI_1","MTTIMUSFR1","MTTIMUSGB1","MTTIM_NUS-NGG_1","MTTIMUSBZ1","MTTIM_NUS-NGH_1","MTTIM_NUS-NGI_1","MTTIM_NUS-NGR_1","MTTIMUSGT1","MTTIM_NUS-NGV_1","MTTIM_NUS-NHK_1","MTTIM_NUS-NHU_1","MTTIM_NUS-NIN_1","MTTIMUSID1","MTTIM_NUS-NEI_1","MTTIM_NUS-NIS_1","MTTIMUSIT1","MTTIM_NUS-NIV_1","MTTIM_NUS-NJM_1","MTTIMUSJA1","MTTIM_NUS-NKZ_1","MTTIMUSKS1","MTTIM_NUS-NKG_1","MTTIM_NUS-NLG_1","MTTIM_NUS-NLI_1","MTTIM_NUS-NLH_1","MTTIMMY1","MTTIM_NUS-NMT_1","MTTIM_NUS-NMR_1","MTTIMUSMX1","MTTIM_NUS-NMQ_1","MTTIM_NUS-NMO_1","MTTIM_NUS-NWA_1","MTTIMUSNL1","MTTIMUSNA1","MTTIM_NUS-NNZ_1","MTTIM_NUS-NNU_1","MTTIM_NUS-NNE_1","MTTIMUSNO1","MTTIM_NUS-NMU_1","MTTIM_NUS-NPK_1","MTTIM_NUS-NPM_1","MTTIM_NUS-NPP_1","MTTIMUSPE1","MTTIM_NUS-NRP_1","MTTIM_NUS-NPL_1","MTTIMUSPO1","MTTIMUSRQ1","MTTIMUSRO1","MTTIM_NUS-NRS_1","MTTIM_NUS-NSG_1","MTTIMUSSN1","MTTIM_NUS-NSK_1","MTTIM_NUS-NSF_1","MTTIMUSSP1","MTTIM_NUS-NPG_1","MTTIM_NUS-NWZ_1","MTTIMUSSW1","MTTIM_NUS-NSZ_1","MTTIMUSSY1","MTTIM_NUS-NTW_1","MTTIMUSTH1","MTTIM_NUS-NTO_1","MTTIM_NUS-NTN_1","MTTIMUSTD1","MTTIM_NUS-NTS_1","MTTIMUSTU1","MTTIM_NUS-NTX_1","MTTIM_NUS-NUR_1","MTTIMUSUK1","MTTIM_NUS-NUY_1","MTTIM_NUS-NUZ_1","MTTIM_NUS-NVM_1","MTTIMUSVQ1","MTTIMUSYE1"

91

,"U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1981" 6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1981" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_impcus_a2_nus_ep00_im0_mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_impcus_a2_nus_ep00_im0_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 10:29:49 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports" "Sourcekey","MTTIMUS1","MTTIMUSPG1","MTTIMXX1","MTTIMUSAG1","MTTIMUSAO1","MTTIMUSEC1","MTTIMIZ1","MTTIMUSKU1","MTTIMLY1","MTTIMUSNI1","MTTIMQA1","MTTIMUSSA1","MTTIMUSTC1","MTTIMUSVE1","MTTIMUSVV1","MTTIM_NUS-NAL_1","MTTIMUSAR1","MTTIM_NUS-NAA_1","MTTIMUSAS1","MTTIM_NUS-NAU_1","MTTIM_NUS-NAJ_1","MTTIMUSBF1","MTTIM_NUS-NBA_1","MTTIM_NUS-NBB_1","MTTIM_NUS-NBO_1","MTTIMUSBE1","MTTIM_NUS-NBH_1","MTTIM_NUS-NBN_1","MTTIM_NUS-NBL_1","MTTIMUSBR1","MTTIMUSBX1","MTTIM_NUS-NBU_1","MTTIM_NUS-NBM_1","MTTIMUSCM1","MTTIMUSCA1","MTTIM_NUS-NCD_1","MTTIM_NUS-NCI_1","MTTIMUSCH1","MTTIMUSCO1","MTTIMUSCF1","MTTIMUSCG1","MTTIM_NUS-NCW_1","MTTIM_NUS-NCS_1","MTTIM_NUS-NHR_1","MTTIM_NUS-NCY_1","MTTIM_NUS-NCZ_1","MTTIM_NUS-NDA_1","MTTIM_NUS-NDR_1","MTTIMUSEG1","MTTIM_NUS-NES_1","MTTIM_NUS-NEK_1","MTTIM_NUS-NEN_1","MTTIM_NUS-NFI_1","MTTIMUSFR1","MTTIMUSGB1","MTTIM_NUS-NGG_1","MTTIMUSBZ1","MTTIM_NUS-NGH_1","MTTIM_NUS-NGI_1","MTTIM_NUS-NGR_1","MTTIMUSGT1","MTTIM_NUS-NGV_1","MTTIM_NUS-NHK_1","MTTIM_NUS-NHU_1","MTTIM_NUS-NIN_1","MTTIMUSID1","MTTIM_NUS-NEI_1","MTTIM_NUS-NIS_1","MTTIMUSIT1","MTTIM_NUS-NIV_1","MTTIM_NUS-NJM_1","MTTIMUSJA1","MTTIM_NUS-NKZ_1","MTTIMUSKS1","MTTIM_NUS-NKG_1","MTTIM_NUS-NLG_1","MTTIM_NUS-NLI_1","MTTIM_NUS-NLH_1","MTTIMMY1","MTTIM_NUS-NMT_1","MTTIM_NUS-NMR_1","MTTIMUSMX1","MTTIM_NUS-NMQ_1","MTTIM_NUS-NMO_1","MTTIM_NUS-NWA_1","MTTIMUSNL1","MTTIMUSNA1","MTTIM_NUS-NNZ_1","MTTIM_NUS-NNU_1","MTTIM_NUS-NNE_1","MTTIMUSNO1","MTTIM_NUS-NMU_1","MTTIM_NUS-NPK_1","MTTIM_NUS-NPM_1","MTTIM_NUS-NPP_1","MTTIMUSPE1","MTTIM_NUS-NRP_1","MTTIM_NUS-NPL_1","MTTIMUSPO1","MTTIMUSRQ1","MTTIMUSRO1","MTTIM_NUS-NRS_1","MTTIM_NUS-NSG_1","MTTIMUSSN1","MTTIM_NUS-NSK_1","MTTIM_NUS-NSF_1","MTTIMUSSP1","MTTIM_NUS-NPG_1","MTTIM_NUS-NWZ_1","MTTIMUSSW1","MTTIM_NUS-NSZ_1","MTTIMUSSY1","MTTIM_NUS-NTW_1","MTTIMUSTH1","MTTIM_NUS-NTO_1","MTTIMUSTD1","MTTIM_NUS-NTS_1","MTTIMUSTU1","MTTIM_NUS-NTX_1","MTTIM_NUS-NUR_1","MTTIMUSUK1","MTTIM_NUS-NUY_1","MTTIM_NUS-NUZ_1","MTTIM_NUS-NVM_1","MTTIMUSVQ1","MTTIMUSYE1"

92

Refining Crude Oil - Energy Explained, Your Guide To Understanding Energy -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil and Petroleum Products > Refining Crude Oil Oil and Petroleum Products > Refining Crude Oil Energy Explained - Home What Is Energy? Forms of Energy Sources of Energy Laws of Energy Units and Calculators Energy Conversion Calculators British Thermal Units (Btu) Degree-Days U.S. Energy Facts State and U.S. Territory Data Use of Energy In Industry For Transportation In Homes In Commercial Buildings Efficiency and Conservation Energy and the Environment Greenhouse Gases Effect on the Climate Where Emissions Come From Outlook for Future Emissions Recycling and Energy Nonrenewable Sources Oil and Petroleum Products Refining Crude Oil Where Our Oil Comes From Imports and Exports Offshore Oil and Gas Use of Oil Prices and Outlook Oil and the Environment Gasoline Where Our Gasoline Comes From Use of Gasoline Prices and Outlook

93

Nottingham Trent University Plastic Recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5015/03/08 Nottingham Trent University Plastic Recycling Water and fizzy drinks bottles Contaminated plastic (food, fluids, etc.) Oil containers Toxic chemical containers Metal strips or fasteners Carrier bags and bin liners Margarine tubs, wall coverings Yoghurt pots, egg cartons, plastic packaging

Evans, Paul

94

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products for  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Total 60,122 54,018 52,671 54,668 52,999 47,100 1981-2013 Crude Oil 27,587 25,670 24,699 27,070 27,065 18,146 1981-2013 Total Products 32,535 28,348 27,972 27,598 25,934 28,954 1995-2013 Other Liquids 24,957 20,056 20,754 17,137 16,653 17,339 1981-2013 Unfinished Oils 4,375 2,077 2,253 1,874 1,960 1,500 1981-2013

95

Thermodynamics of resource recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamics of resource recycling ... The author applies principles of thermodynamics to analyze the efficiency of resource recycling. ...

W. B. Hauserman

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Recycling silver chloride  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recycling silver chloride ... A simple way to reduce lab cost by recycling silver in the academic lab. ...

Edwin Thall

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Evaluating Water Recycling in California Sachi De Souza  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

i Evaluating Water Recycling in California By Sachi De Souza B.Sc.Hon (Queen's University) 2005 Recycling in California ii ABSTRACT This document describes how to complete an economic analysis, financial analysis, and cost allocation for a water recycling project. Water recycling is gaining importance

Lund, Jay R.

98

Chapter 9 - Zinc and Residue Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Annual global production of zinc is more than 13 million tons. More than 50% of this amount is used for galvanizing while the rest is mainly split into brass production, zinc-based alloys, semi manufacturers and zinc compounds such as zinc oxide and zinc sulfate. For the zinc and steel industries, recycling of zinc-coated steel provides an important new source of raw material. Historically, the generation of zinc-rich dusts from steel recycling was a source of loss from the life-cycle (landfill); however, technologies today provide incentive for steel recyclers to minimize waste. Thus, the recycling loop is endless—both zinc and steel can be recycled again and again without losing any of their physical or chemical properties. Depending on the composition of the scrap being recycled, it can either be remelted or returned to the refining process. This chapter describes the main processes for zinc recycling from different scraps and residues.

Jürgen Antrekowitsch; Stefan Steinlechner; Alois Unger; Gernot Rösler; Christoph Pichler; Rene Rumpold

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

TRANSPARENCY RECYCLING PROGRAM PROCEDURES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

used overhead transparencies RECYCLE them for REUSE. It's Easy Follow these simple procedures: 1.) COLLECT used transparencies to be recycled. 2.) SEPARATE the transparencies...

100

Chapter 15 - Textile Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Textiles are nearly 100% recyclable, yet for a variety of reasons many textiles end up in the landfill. In recent years, special attention to value-added products made from recycled textile materials is on the rise as consumers, policy makers, engineers and industry experts focus on environmental stewardship, strategic partnerships and holistic approaches that contribute significantly to the recycling process. This chapter describes the recycling process and the various categories that are considered as recycling companies manage the plethora of textiles that enter the recycling stream. By recycling textiles, the punitive costs of landfill are avoided. In addition, the recycling process contributes significantly to employment, charitable contributions and positive environmental impact.

Jana M. Hawley

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR ABANDONED IN-SITU OIL SHALE RETORTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recovery Vent gas '\\Raw shale oil Recycled gas compressorThis process produces shale oil, a low BTU gas, and char,Oil Shale Process" in Oil Shale and Tar Sands, J. W. Smith

Persoff, P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Application of Radial Basis Function Neural Network in Modeling Wastewater Sludge Recycle System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sludge recycle system is an important part of wastewater treatment plants(WWTP), which can ensure ... Neural Network model for prediction of the Sludge recycling flowrate, which ultimately affect the Sludge recycling

Long Luo; Liyou Zhou

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Catalytic coal liquefaction with treated solvent and SRC recycle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for the solvent refining of coal to distillable, pentane soluble products using a dephenolated and denitrogenated recycle solvent and a recycled, pentane-insoluble, solvent-refined coal material, which process provides enhanced oil-make in the conversion of coal.

Garg, Diwakar (Macungie, PA); Givens, Edwin N. (Bethlehem, PA); Schweighardt, Frank K. (Allentown, PA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Catalytic coal liquefaction with treated solvent and SRC recycle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for the solvent refining of coal to distillable, pentane soluble products using a dephenolated and denitrogenated recycle solvent and a recycled, pentane-insoluble, solvent-refined coal material, which process provides enhanced oil-make in the conversion of coal. 2 figs.

Garg, D.; Givens, E.N.; Schweighardt, F.K.

1986-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

105

Federal Recycling Program Printed on recycled paper.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Federal Recycling Program Printed on recycled paper. The Forest Health Technology Enterprise of discrimination, write USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, Room 326-W, Whitten Building, 1400 independence MALEZAS POR ENEMIGOS NATURALES R. G. VAN DRIESCHE University of Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts, USA

Hoddle, Mark S.

106

ParadigmParadigm Concrete RecyclingConcrete Recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ParadigmParadigm Concrete RecyclingConcrete Recycling #12;Recycled ConcreteRecycled Concrete ·· Whatever steel goes into PCC must comeWhatever steel goes into PCC must come out for recycleout for recycle ·· Aggregates have a big impact on the costAggregates have a big impact on the cost of recyclingof recycling

107

Recycling | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recycling Recycling Recycling In support of the Department's goal of implementing environmental sustainability practices across the complex, all DOE employees and contractors should incorporate the three "R's" of wise resource use as a core principle of their daily activities: reduce, reuse, and recycle. The Department's recycling program at Headquarters earns monetary credits from the GSA which is then credited to the Sheila Jo Watkins Memorial Child Development Centers for tuition assistance and the purchase of furniture and equipment. What Can Be Recycled, And Where What you can recycle Where to recycle White office paper, printed with any color ink. Staples are acceptable but paperclips, binder clips, plastic flags, tabs and colored post-it notes must be removed. Receptacles for white office paper are located in office suites and next to copy machines. Blue collection bins for individual offices may be obtained from the Facilities Management Helpdesk at (202) 586-6100 or by e-mailing:

108

Recycling Foam Countercurrent Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new sample injection method for foam countercurrent chromatography (CCC), named the “recycle injection system”, has been developed. ... In this recycling foam CCC system, the effluent from the liquid outlet is directly returned into the column through the sample feed line so that the sample solution is continuously recycled. ...

Hisao Oka; Masato Iwaya; Ken-ichi Harada; Makoto Suzuki; Yoichiro Ito

2000-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

109

CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR ABANDONED IN-SITU OIL SHALE RETORTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the carbon, oil, and gas from the shale are combusted; andceases •t II Burner gas and shale heat shale ll>" ~Air AirFigure 2. Oil recovery Vent gas '\\Raw shale oil Recycled gas

Persoff, P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Method of removing polychlorinated biphenyl from oil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Polychlorinated biphenyls are removed from oil by extracting the biphenyls into methanol. The mixture of methanol and extracted biphenyls is distilled to separate methanol therefrom, and the methanol is recycled for further use in extraction of biphenyls from oil.

Cook, G.T.; Holshouser, S.K.; Coleman, R.M.; Harless, C.E.; Whinnery, W.N. III

1982-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

111

St Andrews Recycling Points Recycling Points are situated locally to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

St Andrews Recycling Points Recycling Points are situated locally to allow you to recycle the following materials: To find your nearest Recycling Point please visit www.fifedirect.org.uk/wasteaware or call the Recycling Helpline on 08451 55 00 22. R&A GOLF CLUB OLD COURSE HOTEL UNIVERSITY NORTH HAUGH

St Andrews, University of

112

Chapter 21 - Recycling of Packaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Packaging is so common throughout our lives and the world that we hardly realize the massive volume of material consumed for packaging. Packaging is the key factor determining the volume and composition of municipal solid waste in many countries. The volume and composition of packaging waste are affected by a number of factors. Economic development, population, and a variety of national factors are key drivers for the total volume. The composition changes over time due to technology and economic drivers, but it is also affected by national traditions and policies. Due to the important contribution to the total volume of waste generated, packaging has historically received a lot of attention in waste management policy. This had led to a range of experiences with different ways to collect packaging waste throughout the world. The type of collection scheme is driven by the type of packaging or material (i.e. reuse, recycling, or waste treatment). Recycling rates vary by material type, with the highest collection and recycling rates found for metals, glass, and paper. Collection and recycling rates of plastics are generally still very low. The effectiveness and efficiency of collection are affected by a variety of factors, including cultural, economic, and organizational factors.

Ernst Worrell

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

TRANSPARENCY RECYCLING PROGRAM PROCEDURES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TRANSPARENCY RECYCLING Don't throw out your used overhead transparencies! RECYCLE them for REUSE. It's Easy! Follow these simple procedures: 1.) COLLECT used transparencies to be recycled. 2.) SEPARATE the transparencies from ringed binders, plastic or paper folders, envelopes, and/or files. 3.) PLACE the transparencies (only) into an intra-laboratory mail envelope. 4.) SEND the envelope to: Terri Schneider, Building 201, 1D-10. Terri will prepare a

114

Benchmarking survey for recycling.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the methodology, analysis and conclusions of a comparison survey of recycling programs at ten Department of Energy sites including Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM). The goal of the survey was to compare SNL/NM's recycling performance with that of other federal facilities, and to identify activities and programs that could be implemented at SNL/NM to improve recycling performance.

Marley, Margie Charlotte; Mizner, Jack Harry

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Announcing: All Recycling Reduce your  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Announcing: All Recycling Go Green! Reduce your contribution to the landfill, by choosing to voluntarily recycle acceptable items in the green All Recycling toters and containers around campus. ONLY THE ITEMS BELOW ARE ACCEPTED FOR ALL RECYCLING Please do not contaminate the recycling containers with trash

Papautsky, Ian

116

Residential recycling study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this study is to gain baseline performance figures and statistics for El Paso's curbside recycling program. With these baseline statistics the… (more)

Adams, Richard

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Recycling Magnets | Jefferson Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recycling Magnets July 15, 2013 The cost of a nuclear or particle physics experiment can be enormous, several hundred million dollars for the Large Hadron Collider Experiments,...

118

Combustion Byproducts Recycling Consortium  

SciTech Connect

Each year, over 100 million tons of solid byproducts are produced by coal-burning electric utilities in the United States. Annual production of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) byproducts continues to increase as the result of more stringent sulfur emission restrictions. In addition, stricter limits on NOx emissions mandated by the 1990 Clean Air Act have resulted in utility burner/boiler modifications that frequently yield higher carbon concentrations in fly ash, which restricts the use of the ash as a cement replacement. Controlling ammonia in ash is also of concern. If newer, 'clean coal' combustion and gasification technologies are adopted, their byproducts may also present a management challenge. The objective of the Combustion Byproducts Recycling Consortium (CBRC) is to develop and demonstrate technologies to address issues related to the recycling of byproducts associated with coal combustion processes. A goal of CBRC is that these technologies, by the year 2010, will lead to an overall ash utilization rate from the current 34% to 50% by such measures as increasing the current rate of FGD byproduct use and increasing in the number of uses considered 'allowable' under state regulations. Another issue of interest to the CBRC would be to examine the environmental impact of both byproduct utilization and disposal. No byproduct utilization technology is likely to be adopted by industry unless it is more cost-effective than landfilling. Therefore, it is extremely important that the utility industry provide guidance to the R&D program. Government agencies and private-sector organizations that may be able to utilize these materials in the conduct of their missions should also provide input. The CBRC will serve as an effective vehicle for acquiring and maintaining guidance from these diverse organizations so that the proper balance in the R&D program is achieved.

Paul Ziemkiewicz; Tamara Vandivort; Debra Pflughoeft-Hassett; Y. Paul Chugh; James Hower

2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

119

Combustion Byproducts Recycling Consortium  

SciTech Connect

Each year, over 100 million tons of solid byproducts are produced by coal-burning electric utilities in the United States. Annual production of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) byproducts continues to increase as the result of more stringent sulfur emission restrictions. In addition, stricter limits on NOx emissions mandated by the 1990 Clean Air Act have resulted in utility burner/boiler modifications that frequently yield higher carbon concentrations in fly ash, which restricts the use of the ash as a cement replacement. Controlling ammonia in ash is also of concern. If newer, “clean coal” combustion and gasification technologies are adopted, their byproducts may also present a management challenge. The objective of the Combustion Byproducts Recycling Consortium (CBRC) is to develop and demonstrate technologies to address issues related to the recycling of byproducts associated with coal combustion processes. A goal of CBRC is that these technologies, by the year 2010, will lead to an overall ash utilization rate from the current 34% to 50% by such measures as increasing the current rate of FGD byproduct use and increasing in the number of uses considered “allowable” under state regulations. Another issue of interest to the CBRC would be to examine the environmental impact of both byproduct utilization and disposal. No byproduct utilization technology is likely to be adopted by industry unless it is more cost-effective than landfilling. Therefore, it is extremely important that the utility industry provide guidance to the R&D program. Government agencies and privatesector organizations that may be able to utilize these materials in the conduct of their missions should also provide input. The CBRC will serve as an effective vehicle for acquiring and maintaining guidance from these diverse organizations so that the proper balance in the R&D program is achieved.

Ziemkiewicz, Paul; Vandivort, Tamara; Pflughoeft-Hassett, Debra; Chugh, Y Paul; Hower, James

2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

120

Recycling Programs | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recycling Recycling Programs Recycling Programs The Office of Administration manages many recycling activities at DOE Headquarters that significantly impact energy and the environment. The Department of Energy Headquarters has instituted several recycling programs, starting with standard, solid waste recycling in 1991, and has expanded to include batteries, toner cartridges, carpeting and cell phones. Follow this link for a detailed listing of the products that DOE Headquarters recycles, and where to recycle them. Waste Recycling In FY 2011, DOE Headquarters recycled 134 tons of waste which earned over $7,200 in GSA credits that were provided to the Sheila Jo Watkins Memorial Child Development Centers. Since the recycling program began in 1991 over 6,800 tons of waste have been recycled earning over $350,000 for the Child

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Fermilab recycler ring  

SciTech Connect

The Fermilab Recycler is a permanent magnet storage ring for the accumulation of antiprotons from the Antiproton Source, and the recovery and cooling of the antiprotons remaining at the end of a Tevatron store. It is an integral part of the Fermilab III luminosity upgrade. The following paper describes the design features, operational and commissioning status of the Recycler Ring.

Martin Hu

2001-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

122

Quicksnap reusing & recycling system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

"QuickSnap" is recyclable "Film with Lens" were first released by Fuji Film in 1986. The "Quicksnap Recycle Center" that was the manual lines was established in 1990. Furthermore, the "QuickSnap PLUS3" was released in 1992 and it was designed based on ...

Akira Fukano

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

School Recycling Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

100% Recyclable 100% Recyclable Presentation Page Project Summary Scenario Student Pages Index of Projects Title of Project/Unit: 100% Recyclable Subject: Social Studies, Science, Healthy, & Communications Grade Level: Middle School (7th Grade) Abstract: The unit begins in the fall and will last about six weeks. Students will rely on working in collaborative groups in order to share information and problem solve. Students will us the Internet and e-mail to communicate with as many other schools as possible across the country. This unit will be part of an interdisciplinary unit to combine: Science: the study of waste, recycling & ecology Social Studies: how communities and groups of people historically handled waste and waste products, how native Americans re-cycled, how we became a 'disposable' society.

124

5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5 World Oil Trends Chapter 1 WORLD OIL TRENDS INTRODUCTION In considering the outlook for California's petroleum supplies, it is important to give attention to expecta- tions of what the world oil market. Will world oil demand increase and, if so, by how much? How will world oil prices be affected

125

RecycleMania! Improving Waste Reduction and Recycling on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RecycleMania! Improving Waste Reduction and Recycling on Campus from Universities to Big Business #12;Contact Information Tracy Artley Recycling Coordinator University of Michigan Tel: 734-763-5539 Email: recycle@umich.edu #12;Agenda Waste Impacts of Large Institutions Unique Challenges Overcoming

Awtar, Shorya

126

Solvent recycle/recovery  

SciTech Connect

This report describes Phase I of the Solvent Recycle/Recovery Task of the DOE Chlorinated Solvent Substitution Program for the US Air Force by the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, EG G Idaho, Inc., through the US Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office. The purpose of the task is to identify and test recovery and recycling technologies for proposed substitution solvents identified by the Biodegradable Solvent Substitution Program and the Alternative Solvents/Technologies for Paint Stripping Program with the overall objective of minimizing hazardous wastes. A literature search to identify recycle/recovery technologies and initial distillation studies has been conducted. 4 refs.

Paffhausen, M.W.; Smith, D.L.; Ugaki, S.N.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysts agree that the Persian Gulf region will continue tos oil imports. 17 The Persian Gulf region is particularlyaccess to oil from the Persian Gulf because of conflict

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Opportunities and Experiences in Implementing the Recycling Methods for Industrial Water Supply in Bulgaria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, the importance of recycling of industrial wastewater in general and in Bulgaria is explained. The necessary preconditions for water recycling, i.e. environmental, technical and economical ... The...

Plamen Stoychev

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

17 - Future of Paper Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recycled fibre is becoming a globally traded commodity with countries that are rich in it developing important export businesses around its trade. The main drivers for the use of recycled fibre continue to be availability at an economic price, legislative and voluntary agreements based on environmental pressure, and continuously improving technologies for deinking and other recovered fibre processing. Despite this increasing role as a raw material for the paper industry, issues such as price volatility of recovered paper, quality factors, food contact proposals and ever-increasing environmental pressures and considerations may cause a rethink in some sectors. This is resulting in some companies opting for virgin fibre, which greatly reduces issues related to quality and food contact. Quality and price issues can, to a certain extent, be influenced by the industry and its supply chain. Environmental considerations and any new proposals relating to food contact will require effective lobbying to ensure the overall industry is not disadvantaged. The future of paper recycling is discussed in this chapter.

Pratima Bajpai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

RECYCLING RATE STUDY Prepared by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NATIONAL RECYCLING RATE STUDY Prepared by: Smith, Bucklin and Associates, Inc. Market Research and Statistics Division Chicago, Illinois July 2003 PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER #12;BCI RECYCLING RATE STUDY TABLE ....................................................................................................1 II. METHODOLOGY A. Total Pounds of Lead Recycled from Batteries

Laughlin, Robert B.

131

Authorization Recycling in RBAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Authorization Recycling in RBAC Systems 1Laboratory for Education and Research in Secure Systems ·motivation ·recycling approach recycling algorithms experimental evaluations summary & future work #12 issued before (precise recycling) #12;6 Laboratory for Education and Research in Secure Systems

132

RETHINKING WASTE, RECYCLING, AND HOUSEKEEPING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RETHINKING WASTE, RECYCLING, AND HOUSEKEEPING EFFICIENCY.EFFICIENCY. A l GA leaner Green #12 t R li Management Recycling Staff The Office of Waste Reduction & Recycling started in The Office of Waste Reduction & Recycling started in 1990, we have 14 full time staff positions. ·We collect over 40

Howitt, Ivan

133

Method to separate and recover oil and plastic from plastic contaminated with oil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a method to separate and recover oils and recyclable plastic from plastic contaminated with oil. The invention utilizes the different solubility of oil in a liquid or supercritical fluid as compared to a gas to effect separation of the oil from the plastic. 3 figs.

Smith, H.M.; Bohnert, G.W.; Olson, R.B.; Hand, T.E.

1998-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

134

Method to separate and recover oil and plastic from plastic contaminated with oil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a method to separate and recover oils and recyclable plastic from plastic contaminated with oil. The invention utilizes the different solubility of oil in as liquid or supercritical fluid as compared to a gas to effect separation of the oil from the plastic.

Smith, Henry M. (Overland Park, KS); Bohnert, George W. (Harrisonville, MO); Olson, Ronald B. (Kansas City, MO); Hand, Thomas E. (Lee's Summit, MO)

1998-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

135

Dual recycling for GEO 600  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dual recycling is the combination of signal recycling and power recycling; both optical techniques improve the shot-noise-limited sensitivity of interferometric gravitational-wave detectors. In addition, signal recycling can reduce the loss of light power due to imperfect interference and allows us, in principle, to beat the standard quantum limit. The interferometric gravitational-wave detector GEO 600 is the first of the kilometre-scale detectors to use signal recycling. We have recently equipped the detector with a signal-recycling mirror with a transmittance of 1%. In this paper, we present details of the detector commissioning and the first locks of the dual-recycled interferometer.

H Grote; A Freise; M Malec; G Heinzel; B Willke; H Lück; K A Strain; J Hough; K Danzmann

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Fermilab recycler diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

The Fermilab Recycler Ring is a permanent magnet storage ring for the storage and cooling of antiprotons. The following note describes the diagnostic tools currently available for commissioning, as well as the improvements and upgrades planned for the near future.

Martin Hu

2001-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

137

Recycling for radio astronomy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Features Recycling for radio astronomy Melvin Hoare Professor of Astrophysics at the...space missions, carry out single-dish radio astronomy and boost existing radio-astronomy interferometer arrays, objectives that bring......

Melvin Hoare

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Water Reuse and Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Proper wastewater treatment is now recognized as an indispensable ... as an appropriate means for expanding through water recycling and reuse the efficient management of an ... public acceptance may restrict cert...

Nicolas Spulber; Asghar Sabbaghi

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Curbside recycling in the presence of alternatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WITH MINOR REVISIONS). Curbside Recycling in the Presence ofConservation, Division of Recycling. The views expressed inThese historically high recycling rates have often been

Beatty, Timothy K.M.; Berck, Peter; Shimshack, Jay P

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Pollution Prevention, Waste Reduction, and Recycling | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Pollution Prevention, Waste Reduction, and Recycling Pollution Prevention, Waste Reduction, and Recycling The Pollution Prevention, Waste Reduction and Recycling Program was...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

recycled_uranium.cdr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Recycled Uranium and Transuranics: Recycled Uranium and Transuranics: Their Relationship to Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project Introduction Historical Perspective On August 8, 1999, Energy Secretary Bill Richardson announced a comprehensive set of actions to address issues raised at the Paducah, Kentucky, Gaseous Diffusion Plant that may have had the potential to affect the health of the workers. One of the issues addressed the need to determine the extent and significance of radioactive fission products and transuranic elements in the uranium feed and waste products throughout the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national complex. Subsequently, a DOE agency-wide Recycled Uranium Mass Balance Project (RUMBP) was initiated. For the Weldon Spring Uranium Feed Materials Plant (WSUFMP or later referred to as Weldon Spring),

142

Scrap tire recycling  

SciTech Connect

As the automobile tire technology has grown and met the need for safer and more durable tires, stronger reinforcement and more chemically resistant rubber compounds have made recycling tires more difficult. In an effort to resolve this problem, techniques and equipment were developed to grind tires into small pieces, and new markets were sought to utilize the crumb rubber product streams from ground tires. Industrial combustion processes were modified to accept scrap tires as fuel. These efforts have been beneficial, steadily increasing the percentage of scrap tires recycled to about 10% in 1985, and reaching 72% in 1995. By the end of 1997, fully 100% of tires generated in the U.S. are expected to be recycled.

Lula, J.W.; Bohnert, G.W.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Chapter 14 - Glass Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Glass has established itself as an essential material in our lives. The composition of glass depends on what it is used for, but the majority of glass in circulation is of the soda-lime–silicate type. It is a material that is eminently recyclable, in the sense that it merely needs to be remelted and reformed to produce another glass article. However, glass must be color-sorted and processed to remove contaminants to ensure it is compatible with the product being manufactured. The key benefit of recycling via remelting is the reduced energy demand. However, because differences in color composition can arise between recovered glass and manufacturing output, alternative outlets are also often necessary. This chapter examines both the recycling of glass back into glass manufacture and these alternatives.

Thomas D. Dyer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Chapter 7 - Copper Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter gives a brief overview of copper recycling from a metallurgist's view. As it is deemed impossible to give an in-depth presentation of such a broad and complex subject, a selection of references is given for further reading. Secondary sources of copper include a large variety of raw materials, ranging from slags, sludge and low-grade copper scrap, containing only a few percent Cu up to very high-grade copper as well as pure copper close to 100% Cu. Thus there are several options for recycling processes, within both primary and secondary plants. Although there are good recycling rates for copper, some challenges can be foreseen such as a scarcity of pure and high-grade scrap and an increased amount of products containing a mixture of materials and with low copper concentrations.

Caisa Samuelsson; Bo Björkman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

PPPL3157 Preprint Date: March 1996, UC421, 423, 426 Investigations of the Tritium Recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 PPPL­3157 ­ Preprint Date: March 1996, UC­421, 423, 426 Investigations of the Tritium Recycling material to be ejected into the plasma. This recycling of plasma fuel, which occurs primarily on the inner influx from the edge. Despite its importance, a full understanding of the factors influencing recycling

146

PPPL-3157 -Preprint Date: March 1996, UC-421, 423, 426 Investigations of the Tritium Recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 PPPL-3157 - Preprint Date: March 1996, UC-421, 423, 426 Investigations of the Tritium Recycling material to be ejected into the plasma. This recycling of plasma fuel, which occurs primarily on the inner influx from the edge. Despite its importance, a full understanding of the factors influencing recycling

147

Recycling Automotive Scrap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Today's automobiles contain more plastic and less metal than ever. The metal from junked vehicles is easily recovered for Today's automobiles contain more plastic and less metal than ever. The metal from junked vehicles is easily recovered for reuse, but the remaining materials, called shredder residue, is creating new challenges for the vehicle recycling industry. Argonne National Laboratory is meeting these challenges head-on with innovative, award-winning solutions. With its on-site recycling pilot plant, Argonne is able to test actual materials, benchmark technologies, and demonstrate working

148

Energy implications of glass-container recycling  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses the question of whether glass-container recycling actually saves energy. Glass-container production in 1991 was 10{sup 7} tons, with cullet making up about 30% of the input to manufacture. Two-thirds of the cullet is postconsumer waste; the remainder is in-house scrap (rejects). Most of the glass recycled is made into new containers. Total primary energy consumption includes direct process-energy use by the industry (adjusted to account for the efficiency of fuel production) plus fuel and raw-material transportation and production energies; the grand total for 1991 is estimated to be about 168 {times} 10{sup 12} Btu. The total primary energy use decreases as the percent of glass recycled rises, but the maximum energy saved is only about 13%. If distance to the landfill is kept fixed and that to the recovery facility multiplied by about eight, to 100 mi, a break-even point is reached, and recycling saves no energy. Previous work has shown that to save energy when using glass bottles, reuse is the clear choice. Recycling of glass does not save much energy or valuable raw material and does not reduce air or water pollution significantly. The most important impacts are the small reduction of waste sent to the landfill and increased production rates at glass plants.

Gaines, L.L.; Mintz, M.M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Power recycling for an interferometric gravitational wave  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THESIS Power recycling for an interferometric gravitational wave detector Masaki Ando Department . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 3.3 Power recycling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 3.3.1 Principle of power recycling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 3.3.2 Recycling cavity

Ejiri, Shinji

150

http://nevadarecycles.gov/main/recyclables.htm  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Residential Recycling Guide for Clark County TV Recycling in Nevada National Recycling Web Resources Earth911.com provides a listing of recycling resources to help you find a way...

151

Recycling - a Marabastad community development.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The theme of this dissertation is recycling and recycling-awareness to the users of the city on a physical and non-physical level. In this the… (more)

Kunz, Barend Mattheus

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Oil shale retorting with steam and produced gas  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a process for retorting oil shale in a vertical retort. It comprises introducing particles of oil shale into the retort, the particles of oil shale having a minimum size such that the particles are retained on a screen having openings 1/4 inch in size; contacting the particles of oil shale with hot gas to heat the particles of oil shale to a state of pyrolysis, thereby producing retort off-gas; removing the off-gas from the retort; cooling the off-gas; removing oil from the cooled off-gas; separating recycle gas from the off-gas, the recycle gas comprising steam and produced gas, the steam being present in amount, by volume, of at least 50% of the recycle gas so as to increase the yield of sand oil; and heating the recycle gas to form the hot gas.

Merrill, L.S. Jr.; Wheaton, L.D.

1991-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

153

European renewable energy directive: Critical analysis of important default values and methods for calculating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of palm oil biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The GHG calculation method provided in Annex V of ... the EU-RED was used to calculate the GHG-emissions from palm oil production systems. Moreover...

Heinz Stichnothe; Frank Schuchardt…

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Recycling the Versatile Pipecolic Linker  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recycling the Versatile Pipecolic Linker ... We leveraged this to recycle the resin and reuse it several times. ... Recovery yields of cleaved materials ranged from 51 to 90% depending on the compound attached to the linker and are comparable to those obtained using non-recycled Pip-PS resin. ...

Pawel Zajdel; Nicolas Masurier; Pierre Sanchez; Maciej Pawlowski; Aude Kreiter; Gae?l Nomezine; Christine Enjalbal; Muriel Amblard; Jean Martinez; Gilles Subra

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

155

CHERRY: CHECKPOINTED EARLY RESOURCE RECYCLING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 2 3 CHERRY: CHECKPOINTED EARLY RESOURCE RECYCLING Jos´e F. Mart´inez1 , Jose Renau2 Michael C. Huang3 , Milos Prvulovic2 , and Josep Torrellas2 #12;Cherry: Checkpointed Early Resource Recycling efficient use by aggressive recycling Opportunity: Resources reserved until retirement § ¦ ¤ ¥ Solution

Torrellas, Josep

156

Plastics recycling: challenges and opportunities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...recycled resins are key actions to increase recycling. Most post-consumer...maximize both the volume and quality of recycled resins. 9. Conclusions...trends demonstrate a substantial increase in the rate of recovery and...impact of bottling Australian wine in the UK in PET and glass...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Techno-economic study of re-refining waste lubricating oils in the Arabian Gulf countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Waste oil reclaimation by re-refining is a promising process for recycling valuable polutant waste. In Arabian Gulf countries, a limited volume of waste oil is recycled. A technical and economical evaluation of some reclaimation methods to produce lubricating oil has been conducted.

M.I. Al-Ahmad; I.S. Al-Mutaz

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Wastewater Recycle- A Sustainable Approach Towards Desalination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strictly Confidential WASTEWATER RECYCLE ? A SUSTAINABLE APPROACH TOWARDS DESALINATION Presented at Industrial Energy Technology Conference 35th IETC ? 2013 New Orleans May 22, 2013 Arun Mittal Aquatech International Corporation, USA... ? Background ? Wastewater Recycle Drivers ? Technologies for Recycle ? Examples ? Cooling Tower Blowdown Recycle ? Refinery Treated Effluent Recycle ? Petrochemical Effluent Recycle ESL-IE-13-05-07 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy...

Mittal, A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Refrigerator recycling and CFCs  

SciTech Connect

Utility-sponsored refrigerator and freezer pick-up programs have removed almost 900,000 inefficient appliances from the North American electric grid to date. While the CFC-12 refrigerant from the discarded appliances is typically removed and recycled, in all but a few programs the CFC-11 in the foam insulation is not. About a quarter-billion pounds of CFC-11 are banked in refrigerator foam in the United States. Release of this ``bank`` of CFC, combined with that from foam insulation used in buildings, will be the largest source of future emissions if preventive measures are not taken. Methods exist to recover the CFC for reuse or to destroy it by incineration. The task of recycling or destroying the CFCs and other materials from millions of refrigerators is a daunting challenge, but one in which utilities can play a leadership role. E Source believes that utilities can profitably serve as the catalyst for public-private partnerships that deliver comprehensive refrigerator recycling. Rather than treating such efforts solely as a DSM resource acquisition, utilities could position these programs as a multifaceted service delivery that offers convenient appliance removal for homeowners, a solid waste minimization service for landfills, a source of recycled materials for industry, and a CFC recovery and/or disposal service in support of the HVAC industry and society`s atmospheric protection goals and laws. Financial mechanisms could be developed through these public-private enterprises to ensure that utilities are compensated for the extra cost of fully recycling refrigerators, including the foam CFC.

Shepard, M.; Hawthorne, W.; Wilson, A.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

160

Phosphorous Recycling from Pre-Coagulated Wastewater Sludge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The amount of rock phosphorous remained in the world is limited. Therefore, it is important to develop the technology and construct the social system for use of recycled phosphorous. Municipal wastewater contains...

Y. Watanabe; T. Tadano; T. Hasegawa…

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Modelling of automobile shredder residue recycling in the Japanese legislative context  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract End-of-life vehicles (ELVs) represent one of the most important waste flows in Japan and 3.58 million was processed only in fiscal year 2008. In an attempt to reduce waste originating from ELVs, the Japanese Government introduced the ELV Recycling Law in 2002. Automobile shredder residue (ASR) recycling is essential to achieving the goals of the ELV Recycling Law and represents a major concern for the Japanese vehicle recycling industry. This paper proposes the tactical ASR recycling planning model, which can be used to assist Japanese vehicle recyclers to improve their profitability and ASR recycling efficiency. A numerical study is conducted in order to illustrate the potentials and applicability of the proposed modelling approach, and to gain insights into the performances of the Japanese vehicle recycling system and into the influence of the ELV Recycling Law. Sensitivity analyses demonstrate and validate the approach and its potentials. ELV Recycling Law influence is found to be crucial for the decision making on ASR recycling, as the 20% increase in valid recycling quota will cause approximately 50% decrease in the quantity of disposed ASR. We show that the stringent ASR recycling quota is easily attainable and present many interesting insights.

Vladimir Simic; Branka Dimitrijevic

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Auto shredder residue recycling: Mechanical separation and pyrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Directive 2000/53/EC sets a goal of 85% material recycling from end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) by the end of 2015. The current ELV recycling rate is around 80%, while the remaining waste is called automotive shredder residue (ASR), or car fluff. In Europe, this is mainly landfilled because it is extremely heterogeneous and often polluted with car fluids. Despite technical difficulties, in the coming years it will be necessary to recover materials from car fluff in order to meet the ELV Directive requirement. This study deals with ASR pretreatment and pyrolysis, and aims to determine whether the ELV material recycling target may be achieved by car fluff mechanical separation followed by pyrolysis with a bench scale reactor. Results show that flotation followed by pyrolysis of the light, organic fraction may be a suitable ASR recycling technique if the oil can be further refined and used as a chemical. Moreover, metals are liberated during thermal cracking and can be easily separated from the pyrolysis char, amounting to roughly 5% in mass. Lastly, pyrolysis can be a good starting point from a “waste-to-chemicals” perspective, but further research should be done with a focus on oil and gas refining, in order both to make products suitable for the chemical industry and to render the whole recycling process economically feasible.

Alessandro Santini; Fabrizio Passarini; Ivano Vassura; David Serrano; Javier Dufour; Luciano Morselli

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Re-refined lubrication oils. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning treatments and re-refining of used lubrication oils. Topics include the decontamination processes, reclamation of automobile oils, and handling and storage of waste oils. Environmental analyses of used oil recycling are included. Environmental, resource conservation, and economic aspects of recycled lubricating oils are also discussed. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Waste tire recycling by pyrolysis  

SciTech Connect

This project examines the City of New Orleans' waste tire problem. Louisiana State law, as of January 1, 1991, prohibits the knowing disposal of whole waste tires in landfills. Presently, the numerous waste tire stockpiles in New Orleans range in size from tens to hundreds of tires. New Orleans' waste tire problem will continue to increase until legal disposal facilities are made accessible and a waste tire tracking and regulatory system with enforcement provisions is in place. Tires purchased outside of the city of New Orleans may be discarded within the city's limits; therefore, as a practical matter this study analyzes the impact stemming from the entire New Orleans metropolitan area. Pyrolysis mass recovery (PMR), a tire reclamation process which produces gas, oil, carbon black and steel, is the primary focus of this report. The technical, legal and environmental aspects of various alternative technologies are examined. The feasibility of locating a hypothetical PMR operation within the city of New Orleans is analyzed based on the current economic, regulatory, and environmental climate in Louisiana. A thorough analysis of active, abandoned, and proposed Pyrolysis operations (both national and international) was conducted as part of this project. Siting a PMR plant in New Orleans at the present time is technically feasible and could solve the city's waste tire problem. Pending state legislation could improve the city's ability to guarantee a long term supply of waste tires to any large scale tire reclamation or recycling operation, but the local market for PMR end products is undefined.

Not Available

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Recent trends in automobile recycling: An energy and economic assessment  

SciTech Connect

Recent and anticipated trends in the material composition of domestic and imported automobiles and the increasing cost of landfilling the non-recyclable portion of automobiles (automobile shredder residue or ASR) pose questions about the future of automobile recycling. This report documents the findings of a study sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Environmental Analysis to examine the impacts of these and other relevant trends on the life-cycle energy consumption of automobiles and on the economic viability of the domestic automobile recycling industry. More specifically, the study (1) reviewed the status of the automobile recycling industry in the United States, including the current technologies used to process scrapped automobiles and the challenges facing the automobile recycling industry; (2) examined the current status and future trends of automobile recycling in Europe and Japan, with the objectives of identifying ``lessons learned`` and pinpointing differences between those areas and the United States; (3) developed estimates of the energy system impacts of the recycling status quo and projections of the probable energy impacts of alternative technical and institutional approaches to recycling; and (4) identified the key policy questions that will determine the future economic viability of automobile shredder facilities in the United States.

Curlee, T.R.; Das, S.; Rizy, C.G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Schexanyder, S.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Recycled Thermoplastic Composite Bridge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recycled Thermoplastic Composite Recycled Thermoplastic Composite Bridge Philip R. Columbus Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management Headquarters, Department of the Army 180900ZMay2012 1 Philip R. Columbus/571-256-9774/philip.r.columbus.civ@mail.mil/ Overview * The purpose of this project was to demonstrate that a thermoplastic composite I-beam bridge could be constructed to accommodate a M-1 battle tank. * This effort determined the engineering and construction of such a structure was possible and be cost competitive to a wood timber bridge * The materials are virtually maintenance-free and not subject to degradation from moisture, rot, insects and weather. 180900ZMay2012 2 Philip R. Columbus/571-256-9774/philip.r.columbus.civ@mail.mil/ Background

167

Recycled Thermoplastic Composite Bridge  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recycled Thermoplastic Composite Recycled Thermoplastic Composite Bridge Philip R. Columbus Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management Headquarters, Department of the Army 180900ZMay2012 1 Philip R. Columbus/571-256-9774/philip.r.columbus.civ@mail.mil/ Overview * The purpose of this project was to demonstrate that a thermoplastic composite I-beam bridge could be constructed to accommodate a M-1 battle tank. * This effort determined the engineering and construction of such a structure was possible and be cost competitive to a wood timber bridge * The materials are virtually maintenance-free and not subject to degradation from moisture, rot, insects and weather. 180900ZMay2012 2 Philip R. Columbus/571-256-9774/philip.r.columbus.civ@mail.mil/ Background

168

FINANCING ELECTRONIC WASTE RECYCLING - Californian Households’ Willingness to Pay Advanced Recycling Fees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to pay for curbside recycling; A comparison of payment carefees needed to sustain recycling of covered electronicsbehavior: waste recycling in Hong Kong. Journal of

Nixon, Hilary; Saphores, Jean-Daniel M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

OIL & GAS INSTITUTE Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OIL & GAS INSTITUTE CONTENTS Introduction Asset Integrity Underpinning Capabilities 2 4 4 6 8 9 10 COMPETITIVENESS UNIVERSITY of STRATHCLYDE OIL & GAS INSTITUTE OIL & GAS EXPERTISE AND PARTNERSHIPS #12;1 The launch of the Strathclyde Oil & Gas Institute represents an important step forward for the University

Mottram, Nigel

170

Zero Waste Program 2011 Recycling Benefits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rutgers Zero Waste Program 2011 Recycling Benefits Through WM's Recycling Program, our company saved energy and reduced Greenhouse Gases through recycling. Recycling uses less energy, preserves from recycled material than from virgin, raw material. RESOURCE SAVINGS 4203 Metric Tons (MTCO2E

Delgado, Mauricio

171

Recycling Bin Guide Locations and prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recycling Bin Guide Locations and prices Metal Bins Deskside Bins with Side Saddle Rubbermaid Bins.58 for auxiliaries. And Non-Public Areas Public Offices Non-Public Recyclables Recyclables RecyclablesTrash Trash Trash #12;New Recycling Bin Guidelines Frequently Asked Questions (as of December 2008) · Why

Kirschner, Denise

172

Recycling Best Practices Report August 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recycling Best Practices Report August 2011 Elizabeth Fox, Recycling Best Practices Intern Office of Waste Reduction and Recycling University of Michigan Plant Building and Grounds Services #12;Recycling Best Practices Report Office of Waste Reduction and Recycling 1 Executive Summary Due to the high

Kirschner, Denise

173

Environmental effects on recycled plastics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A major problem with recycling of post-consumer plastic is the reduction in key strength and durability properties when compared to virgin polymer. This reduction is… (more)

Li, Kan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Oil | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oil Oil Oil Oil Prices, 2000-2008 For the first time since 1995, U.S. oil production has surpassed imports. Explore the trend with our interactive chart. | Graphic by Daniel Wood, Energy Department. For the first time since 1995, U.S. oil production has surpassed imports. Explore the trend with our interactive chart. | Graphic by Daniel Wood, Energy Department. Oil is used for heating and transportation -- most notably, as fuel for gas-powered vehicles. America's dependence on foreign oil has declined in recent years, but oil prices have increased. The Energy Department supports research and policy options to increase our domestic supply of oil while ensuring environmentally sustainable supplies domestically and abroad, and is investing in research, technology and

175

Cleaning Out? Don't Forget to Recycle! | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cleaning Out? Don't Forget to Recycle! Cleaning Out? Don't Forget to Recycle! Cleaning Out? Don't Forget to Recycle! January 24, 2013 - 5:30pm Addthis Recycling your old electronics is easy and good for the environment. | Photo by Nicki Johnson, NREL 15669. Recycling your old electronics is easy and good for the environment. | Photo by Nicki Johnson, NREL 15669. Kristin Swineford Communication Specialist, Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs How can I participate? Next time you need to get rid of old electronics or lighting, find out about recycling opportunities in your area. We all know recycling isn't necessarily a new idea for being energy conscious, but it's important to remember just how useful and easy it actually is. We explore a myriad of different energy saving tips every day

176

Waste tire recycling by pyrolysis  

SciTech Connect

This project examines the City of New Orleans` waste tire problem. Louisiana State law, as of January 1, 1991, prohibits the knowing disposal of whole waste tires in landfills. Presently, the numerous waste tire stockpiles in New Orleans range in size from tens to hundreds of tires. New Orleans` waste tire problem will continue to increase until legal disposal facilities are made accessible and a waste tire tracking and regulatory system with enforcement provisions is in place. Tires purchased outside of the city of New Orleans may be discarded within the city`s limits; therefore, as a practical matter this study analyzes the impact stemming from the entire New Orleans metropolitan area. Pyrolysis mass recovery (PMR), a tire reclamation process which produces gas, oil, carbon black and steel, is the primary focus of this report. The technical, legal and environmental aspects of various alternative technologies are examined. The feasibility of locating a hypothetical PMR operation within the city of New Orleans is analyzed based on the current economic, regulatory, and environmental climate in Louisiana. A thorough analysis of active, abandoned, and proposed Pyrolysis operations (both national and international) was conducted as part of this project. Siting a PMR plant in New Orleans at the present time is technically feasible and could solve the city`s waste tire problem. Pending state legislation could improve the city`s ability to guarantee a long term supply of waste tires to any large scale tire reclamation or recycling operation, but the local market for PMR end products is undefined.

Not Available

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Single Stream Recycling Say Goodbye to Sorting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single Stream Recycling Say Goodbye to Sorting Paper Please email recycle@umich.edu for more Containers Cardboard Please flatten all cardboard before placing into bin! Visit us at www.recycle

Awtar, Shorya

178

Flooding and Recycling Authorizations Konstantin (Kosta) Beznosov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flooding and Recycling Authorizations Konstantin (Kosta) Beznosov Laboratory for Education delivery channels with speculatively pre- computed authorizations and actively recycling them on a just Security Keywords authorization recycling, authorization flooding, access con- trol, authorization, publish

179

The Economic Benefits of Recycling in Virginia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Economic Benefits of Recycling in Virginia Alexander P. Miller Hang T. Nguyen Samantha D, and the recycling contacts from the participating Solid Waste Planning Units discussed in this study. #12;3 Table Determinants of Recycling_______________________________ 12 State Reports

Lewis, Robert Michael

180

Effects of Microwave Radiation on Oil Recovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A variety of oil recovery methods have been developed and applied to mature and depleted reservoirs in order to improve the efficiency. Microwave radiation oil recovery method is a relatively new method and has been of great interest in the recent years. Crude oil is typically co?mingled with suspended solids and water. To increase oil recovery it is necessary to remove these components. The separation of oil from water and solids using gravitational settling methods is typically incomplete. Oil?in?water and oil?water?solid emulsions can be demulsified and separated into their individual layers by microwave radiation. The data also show that microwave separation is faster than gravity separation and can be faster than conventional heating at many conditions. After separation of emulsion into water and oil layers water can be discharged and oil is collected. High?frequency microwave recycling process can recover oil and gases from oil shale residual oil drill cuttings tar sands oil contaminated dredge/sediments tires and plastics with significantly greater yields and lower costs than are available utilizing existing known technologies. This process is environmentally friendly fuel?generating recycler to reduce waste cut emissions and save energy. This paper presents a critical review of Microwave radiation method for oil recovery.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals Lab demolition projects under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act have...

182

Energy Secretary Bodman in Turkey to Highlight Importance of...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

in Turkey to Highlight Importance of Expanding Oil and Gas Supply and Infrastructure Energy Secretary Bodman in Turkey to Highlight Importance of Expanding Oil and Gas Supply and...

183

Materials - Recycling - Dezincing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dezincing Scrap Steel Dezincing Scrap Steel Electro winning cells for recovery of zinc from de-zincing process solutions. Electro winning cells for recovery of zinc from de-zincing process solutions. Steel is one of the most recycled resources in the U.S.; half of the steel produced is derived from scrap. Since 1980, automobile and appliance manufacturers have increased their use of galvanized steel almost five-fold, with a resulting increase in the amount of galvanized steel scrap returned to steel producers. Dezincing Challenges The steel galvanizing process involves the application of a zinc-coating, which provides corrosion resistance. When galvanized scrap is melted in a steelmaking furnace, the zinc that it contains volatizes. The costs of treating the resulting zinc-laden dust and sludge by-products are

184

Chapter 3 - Recycling in Context  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The recycling of metals is widely viewed as a fruitful sustainability strategy, but information on the degree to which recycling is actually occurring is limited in scope and detail. In this chapter we define various metrics for the recycling of metals and present current information on recycled content (RC), end-of-life recycling rates (EOL-RR), and old scrap ratios (OSR) for 60 metals of the periodic table. Because of growth in metal use over time, and because metal in-use lifetimes can be many years to several decades, many RC values are low and will remain so for the foreseeable future. In addition, because relatively low efficiencies often exist in the collection and processing of most discarded products, because of inherent limitations in recycling processes, and because primary material is often relatively abundant and low cost (thereby keeping down the price of scrap), many EOL-RR are very low but have the potential for improvement. Only 12 metals (Co, Fe, Mn, Nb, Ni, Pb, Pd, Pt, Re, Rh, Sn and Ti) have the EOL-RR above 50% at present. Only Nb, Pb and Ru have an RC above 50%, although 15 metals are in the 25–50% range. Thirteen metals have an OSR >50%. Improving recycling performance will be increasingly challenging as materials integration continues its rise.

T.E. Graedel; Barbara K. Reck

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook 8/13/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook Short-Term World Oil Price Forecast Price Movements Related to Supply/Demand Balance OPEC Production Likely To Remain Low U.S. Reflects World Market Crude Oil Outlook Conclusions Distillate Prices Increase With Crude Oil Distillate Stocks on the East Coast Were Very Low Entering Last Winter Distillate Demand Strong Last Winter More Supply Possible This Fall than Forecast Distillate Fuel Oil Imports Could Be Available - For A Price Distillate Supply/Demand Balance Reflected in Spreads Distillate Stocks Expected to Remain Low Winter Crude Oil and Distillate Price Outlook Heating Oil Outlook Conclusion Propane Prices Follow Crude Oil

186

Company Level Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

All Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports All Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports Company Level Imports With Data for September 2013 | Release Date: November 27, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 30, 2013 | XLS Previous Issues Month: September 2013 August 2013 July 2013 June 2013 May 2013 April 2013 March 2013 February 2013 January 2013 prior issues Go September 2013 Import Highlights Monthly data on the origins of crude oil imports in September 2013 has been released and it shows that two countries exported more than 1 million barrels per day to the United States (see table below). The top five exporting countries accounted for 75 percent of United States crude oil imports in September while the top ten sources accounted for approximately 92 percent of all U.S. crude oil imports. The top five sources of US crude

187

Applied ecotechnological issues for recycling cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper shows the need for recycling cars. Recycling operation is particularly complicated because after dismantling and split a wide range of material resulting in a proportion different and difficult to separate. There are presented two recycling ... Keywords: end-of-life-vehicle recycling, hammer mill technology, shrreder technology

Gheorghe Amza; Zoia Apostolescu; Mihaiela Iliescu; Zlatko Garac; Sanda Paise; Maria Groza

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Plant Networks for Processing Recyclable Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use a modified optimal market area model to examine how links between material recycling and other aspects of operations strategy can shape plant networks for the processing of recyclable materials. We characterize the complementarity of the recyclate ... Keywords: localization, material versatility, minimills, operations strategy, optimal market area, plant networks, recycling

Lieven Demeester; Mei Qi; Luk N. Van Wassenhove

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Super recycled water: quenching January 30, 2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

purifying" wastewater, plus recycling waste to replace concrete We know water is a precious resource. Currently, we're recycling about 300,000 gallons of industrial wastewater daily at the Sanitary Effluent- 1 - Super recycled water: quenching computers January 30, 2014 Conserving, recycling and "super

190

WasteTraining Booklet Waste & Recycling Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WasteTraining Booklet #12;Waste & Recycling Impacts Environment: The majority of our municipal jobs while recycling 10,000 tons of waste creates 36 jobs. Environment: Recycling conserves resources. It takes 95% less energy to make aluminum from recycled aluminum than from virgin materials, 60% less

Saldin, Dilano

191

The College Student's Guide to Recycling,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The College Student's Guide to Recycling, Reduction, and Reuse UNIVERSITY AT ALBANY Phone Albany, NY 12222 Top 7 Recycling and Reuse TipsTop 7 Recycling and Reuse Tips University at Albany Office of Environmental Sustainability 1. Set up separate bins for recyclable materials such as plastics and papers. 2

Kidd, William S. F.

192

The Environment Team to Waste & Recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Environment Team A-Z Guide to Waste & Recycling www.le.ac.uk/environment #12;Welcome ...to the University of Leicester's `A-Z Guide to Waste and Recycling'. Over the last 3 years, the Environment Team has introduced an award- winning recycling scheme across the campus that allows us to recycle paper, plastics

St Andrews, University of

193

Ink and Toner Recycling Rewards Program Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ink and Toner Recycling Rewards Program Overview www.MyBusinessRecycles.com April 2013 #12;Program Overview · All BSD contract customers can participate in the MyBusinessRecycles program · Customers located in AK, HI or PR are not currently eligible. ­ Education sector customers should join the Recycling Rules

Meyers, Steven D.

194

Recycled Materials Resource Jeffrey S. Melton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recycled Materials Resource Center Jeffrey S. Melton Outreach Director Recycled Materials Resource Center NCC Meeting, April 9th, 2008 #12;Recycled Materials Resource Center Partner laboratory of FHWA Founded in 1998, renewed in 2007 Dedicated to the appropriate use of recycled materials in the highway

195

Welcome new and returning residents! Help us make USC greener by recycling! Your Room Recycling Bin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Welcome new and returning residents! Help us make USC greener by recycling! Your Room Recycling Bin Every room is provided with a recycling bin to make it easy for you to recycle while living in University Housing. Use this bin to collect mixed recyclables in your room and take them to your nearest

Almor, Amit

196

Molecular Modeling at Plastic Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility to model the new materials from recycled post industrial polymer rejects by molecular modeling methods was investigated by comparison of the results obtained from the simulation process and the experiments.

Laura Martinelli; Sabino Sinesi; Alessio Baron Toaldo; Maurizio Fermeglia; Paola Posocco; Tomasz Szczurek; Marek Kozlowski

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Waste oil reclamation. (Latest citations from the NTIS Bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the reclamation and recycling of used lubricating oils. Topics include specific program descriptions, re-refining techniques, chemical component analysis, and reclaimed oil performance. Appropriate regulations, standards, and clean-up efforts at sites contaminated by waste oils or waste oil refineries are included. (Contains a minimum of 228 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Waste oil reclamation. (Latest citations from the NTIS database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the reclamation and recycling of used lubricating oils. Topics include specific program descriptions, re-refining techniques, chemical component analysis, and reclaimed oil performance. Appropriate regulations, standards, and clean-up efforts at sites contaminated by waste oils or waste oil refineries are included. (Contains a minimum of 222 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Framework for Building Design Recyclability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and reusing it as compacted base or drain material; 2. hauling it to a recycling facility Regardless of which recovery strategy is used, the physical processing of the material is the same: the concrete shards are fed into an impact crusher, followed... to Recycling Facilities 17 side discharge conveyor, screening plant, and a return conveyor from the screen to the crusher inlet for reprocessing oversize materials. Compact, self-contained mini- crushers are also available that can handle up to 150 tons per...

Zhang, Fan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Materials - Recycling - Shredder Residue  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recovering Materials from Shredder Residue Recovering Materials from Shredder Residue Obsolete automobiles, home appliances and other metal-containing scrap are shredded for the recovery of metals. More than 50% of the material shredded is automobiles. In the United States, shredders generate about 5 million tons of shredder residue every year. Similar amounts are produced in Europe and in the Pacific Rim. Because recycling shredder waste has not been profitable, most of it ends up in landfills; smaller amounts are incinerated. Argonne researchers have developed and tested a process to recover polymers and metals from shredder residue. A 2-ton/hr pilot plant, consisting of a mechanical separation facility and a six-stage wet density/froth flotation plant, was built at Argonne. In the mechanical part of the plant, the shredder waste was separated into five primary components: a polymer fraction (about 45% by weight), a residual metals concentrate (about 10% by weight), a polyurethane foam portion (about 5% by weight), an organic-rich fraction (about 25% by weight) and a metal oxides fraction (about 15% by weight). The polymer fraction was then separated further in the wet density/froth flotation system to recover individual plastic types or compatible families of polymers.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Key recycling in authentication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In their seminal work on authentication, Wegman and Carter propose that to authenticate multiple messages, it is sufficient to reuse the same hash function as long as each tag is encrypted with a one-time pad. They argue that because the one-time pad is perfectly hiding, the hash function used remains completely unknown to the adversary. Since their proof is not composable, we revisit it using a composable security framework. It turns out that the above argument is insufficient: if the adversary learns whether a corrupted message was accepted or rejected, information about the hash function is leaked, and after a bounded finite amount of rounds it is completely known. We show however that this leak is very small: Wegman and Carter's protocol is still $\\epsilon$-secure, if $\\epsilon$-almost strongly universal$_2$ hash functions are used. This implies that the secret key corresponding to the choice of hash function can be reused in the next round of authentication without any additional error than this $\\epsilon$. We also show that if the players have a mild form of synchronization, namely that the receiver knows when a message should be received, the key can be recycled for any arbitrary task, not only new rounds of authentication.

Christopher Portmann

2012-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

202

RDS and Recycling Waste Diversion in Food Prep  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RDS and Recycling Waste Diversion in Food Prep Setting #12;Why Recycle? Recycling saves resources Recycling one ton of paper saves 17 trees! Recycling saves energy Recycling one aluminum can saves enough energy to power a television for 3 hours! Recycling is easy There are 4 waste categories here at UM

Awtar, Shorya

203

Combustion Byproducts Recycling Consortium  

SciTech Connect

The Combustion Byproducts Recycling Consortium (CBRC) program was developed as a focused program to remove and/or minimize the barriers for effective management of over 123 million tons of coal combustion byproducts (CCBs) annually generated in the USA. At the time of launching the CBRC in 1998, about 25% of CCBs were beneficially utilized while the remaining was disposed in on-site or off-site landfills. During the ten (10) year tenure of CBRC (1998-2008), after a critical review, 52 projects were funded nationwide. By region, the East, Midwest, and West had 21, 18, and 13 projects funded, respectively. Almost all projects were cooperative projects involving industry, government, and academia. The CBRC projects, to a large extent, successfully addressed the problems of large-scale utilization of CCBs. A few projects, such as the two Eastern Region projects that addressed the use of fly ash in foundry applications, might be thought of as a somewhat smaller application in comparison to construction and agricultural uses, but as a novel niche use, they set the stage to draw interest that fly ash substitution for Portland cement might not attract. With consideration of the large increase in flue gas desulfurization (FGD) gypsum in response to EPA regulations, agricultural uses of FGD gypsum hold promise for large-scale uses of a product currently directed to the (currently stagnant) home construction market. Outstanding achievements of the program are: (1) The CBRC successfully enhanced professional expertise in the area of CCBs throughout the nation. The enhanced capacity continues to provide technology and information transfer expertise to industry and regulatory agencies. (2) Several technologies were developed that can be used immediately. These include: (a) Use of CCBs for road base and sub-base applications; (b) full-depth, in situ stabilization of gravel roads or highway/pavement construction recycled materials; and (c) fired bricks containing up to 30%-40% F-fly ash. Some developed technologies have similar potential in the longer term. (3) Laboratory studies have been completed that indicate that much higher amounts of fly ash could be added in cement-concrete applications under some circumstances. This could significantly increase use of fly ash in cement-concrete applications. (4) A study of the long-term environmental effects of structural fills in a surface mine in Indiana was completed. This study has provided much sought after data for permitting large-volume management options in both beneficial as well as non-beneficial use settings. (5) The impact of CBRC on CCBs utilization trends is difficult to quantify. However it is fair to say that the CBRC program had a significant positive impact on increased utilization of CCBs in every region of the USA. Today, the overall utilization of CCBs is over 43%. (6) CBRC-developed knowledge base led to a large number of other projects completed with support from other sources of funding. (7) CBRC research has also had a large impact on CCBs management across the globe. Information transfer activities and visitors from leading coal producing countries such as South Africa, Australia, England, India, China, Poland, Czech Republic and Japan are truly noteworthy. (8) Overall, the CBRC has been a truly successful, cooperative research program. It has brought together researchers, industry, government, and regulators to deal with a major problem facing the USA and other coal producing countries in the world.

Paul Ziemkiewicz; Tamara Vandivort; Debra Pflughoeft-Hassett; Y. Paul Chugh; James Hower

2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

204

Western oil shale conversion using the ROPE copyright process  

SciTech Connect

Western Research Institute (WRI) is continuing to develop the Recycle Oil Pyrolysis and Extraction (ROPE) process to recover liquid hydrocarbon products from oil shale, tar sand, and other solid hydrocarbonaceous materials. The process consists of three major steps: (1) pyrolyzing the hydrocarbonaceous material at a low temperature (T {le} 400{degrees}C) with recycled product oil, (2) completing the pyrolysis of the residue at a higher temperature (T > 400{degrees}C) in the absence of product oil, and (3) combusting the solid residue and pyrolysis gas in an inclined fluidized-bed reactor to produce process heat. Many conventional processes, such as the Paraho and Union processes, do not use oil shale fines (particles smaller than 1.27 cm in diameter). The amount of shale discarded as fines from these processes can be as high as 20% of the total oil shale mined. Research conducted to date suggests that the ROPE process can significantly improve the overall oil recovery from western oil shale by processing the oil shale fines typically discarded by conventional processes. Also, if the oil shale fines are co-processed with shale oil used as the heavy recycle oil, a better quality oil will be produced that can be blended with the original shale oil to make an overall produce that is more acceptable to the refineries and easier to pipeline. Results from tests conducted in a 2-inch process development unit (PDU) and a 6-inch bench-scale unit (BSU) with western oil shale demonstrated a maximum oil yield at temperatures between 700 and 750{degrees}F (371 and 399{degrees}C). Test results also suggest that the ROPE process has a strong potential for recovering oil from oil shale fines, upgrading shale oil, and separating high-nitrogen-content oil for use as an asphalt additive. 6 refs., 10 figs., 11 tabs.

Cha, C.Y.; Fahy, L.J.; Grimes, R.W.

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Oil resources: the key to prosperity or to poverty? : Influence of oil price shocks on spending of oil revenues.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Abundant natural resources, in particular oil, play an important role in the economics of many countries. The oil price shocks that have been happening continuously… (more)

Selivanova, Olga

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The economics of cell phone reuse and recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

documents. Else Refining & Recycling Ltd. , Shefford 54.and the potential for recycling other small electrical andon material recovery and recycling of end-of-life mobile

Geyer, Roland; Doctori Blass, Vered

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Oil market in international and Norwegian perspectives.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Crude oil is the most important energy source in global perspective. About 35 percent of the world’s primary energy consumption is supplied by oil, followed… (more)

Singsaas, Julia Nazyrova

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Materials - Recycling - ABS and HIPS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Separation and Recovery of ABS and HIPS from Mixed Plastics via Froth Flotation Separation and Recovery of ABS and HIPS from Mixed Plastics via Froth Flotation Every day, obsolete appliances, consumer electronics, and cars make their way into landfills. These no-longer-wanted items contain something valuable--plastics that have the potential to be recycled. Although current technologies enable the separation of some plastics, they do not yet offer cost-effective purity and yields. Additionally, these methods do not effectively separate plastics that have the same density. Argonne and Appliance Recycling Centers of America (ARCA) undertook a project to develop a process to effectively separate and recover high-quality acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)--a plastic used to produce lightweight, tough, rigid products--from the mixed-plastics wastes generated in ARCA's appliance-recycling operation.

209

Ad Building demolition, recycling completed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ad Building demolition, recycling completed Ad Building demolition, recycling completed Ad Building demolition, recycling completed Demolition of the Administration Building helps Los Alamos meet an NNSA directive to reduce its structural footprint, modernize its infrastructure, and provide workers with safe, energy-efficient facilities. October 11, 2011 Demolition of the administration building Demolition of the Administration Building Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email Project finished under budget, ahead of schedule LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, October 11, 2011-Los Alamos National Laboratory has completed demolition of its former Administration Building. Demolition of the 316,500-square-foot building that was home to seven Laboratory directors was completed five months ahead of the original schedule and

210

Materials - Recycling - Polymer Matrix Composites  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recycling of Polymer Matrix Composites Recycling of Polymer Matrix Composites Polymer matrix composites Carbon fibers recovered from a epoxy-based polymer matrix composite. Carbon fiber reinforced polymer matrix composites (PMCs) are materials with superior strength-to-weight ratios. Finding increased applications in the aerospace industry, PMCs are now being evaluated for possible use in automobile construction. The material’s high cost, however, along with concerns about whether the PMCs will be recyclable when the vehicles reach the end of their useful lives, are barriers to its widespread use. With funding provided by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Program (formerly called the Office of Advanced Transportation Technologies), Argonne is developing an efficient and cost-effective

211

Energy Return on Investment - Fuel Recycle  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a methodology and requisite data to assess the potential Energy Return On Investment (EROI) for nuclear fuel cycle alternatives, and applies that methodology to a limited set of used fuel recycle scenarios. This paper is based on a study by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and a parallel evaluation by AREVA Federal Services LLC, both of which were sponsored by the DOE Fuel Cycle Technologies (FCT) Program. The focus of the LLNL effort was to develop a methodology that can be used by the FCT program for such analysis that is consistent with the broader energy modeling community, and the focus of the AREVA effort was to bring industrial experience and operational data into the analysis. This cooperative effort successfully combined expertise from the energy modeling community with expertise from the nuclear industry. Energy Return on Investment is one of many figures of merit on which investment in a new energy facility or process may be judged. EROI is the ratio of the energy delivered by a facility divided by the energy used to construct, operate and decommission that facility. While EROI is not the only criterion used to make an investment decision, it has been shown that, in technologically advanced societies, energy supplies must exceed a minimum EROI. Furthermore, technological history shows a trend towards higher EROI energy supplies. EROI calculations have been performed for many components of energy technology: oil wells, wind turbines, photovoltaic modules, biofuels, and nuclear reactors. This report represents the first standalone EROI analysis of nuclear fuel reprocessing (or recycling) facilities.

Halsey, W; Simon, A J; Fratoni, M; Smith, C; Schwab, P; Murray, P

2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

212

Process to recycle shredder residue  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and process for recycling shredder residue, in which separating any polyurethane foam materials are first separated. Then separate a fines fraction of less than about 1/4 inch leaving a plastics-rich fraction. Thereafter, the plastics rich fraction is sequentially contacted with a series of solvents beginning with one or more of hexane or an alcohol to remove automotive fluids; acetone to remove ABS; one or more of EDC, THF or a ketone having a boiling point of not greater than about 125.degree. C. to remove PVC; and one or more of xylene or toluene to remove polypropylene and polyethylene. The solvents are recovered and recycled.

Jody, Bassam J. (Chicago, IL); Daniels, Edward J. (Oak Lawn, IL); Bonsignore, Patrick V. (Channahon, IL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Recycling Carbon Dioxide to Make Plastics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recycling Carbon Dioxide to Make Plastics Recycling Carbon Dioxide to Make Plastics Recycling Carbon Dioxide to Make Plastics May 20, 2013 - 1:31pm Addthis Novomer’s thermoplastic pellets incorporate waste CO2 into a variety of consumer products. Novomer's thermoplastic pellets incorporate waste CO2 into a variety of consumer products. Why is this important? By using CO2 that would otherwise be emitted to the atmosphere, the process has the potential to cut greenhouse gas emissions while simultaneously reducing petroleum consumption and producing useful products for American consumers. The world's first successful large-scale production of a polypropylene carbonate (PPC) polymer using waste carbon dioxide (CO2) as a key raw material has resulted from a projected funded in part by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy.

214

Parametric Analysis of Environmental Performance of Reused/Recycled Packaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Much higher targets are now required:? paper and glass 60%, metals 50%, plastics 22.5%, and overall recycling between 55% and 80% (1). ... If the systems have the same net imports, that is, if Inet1 = Inet2, or ?Inet = 0, the system with higher ? is associated with lower environmental impacts from production (K3) at steady state, if and only if its production level, Pe2, remains below a critical level given by Pe2 recycle flow remains below a critical value, R2 recycled material and virgin resources, respectively (values for p and q, related to various impacts, for glass, aluminum, ferrous, and various plastic packaging materials are given in ref 15). ...

C. A. Tsiliyannis

2005-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

215

Ford Opens Door to Plastics Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ford Opens Door to Plastics Recycling ... With the passage of the European "take-back" laws all but inevitable, American automakers are stepping up efforts to recycle U.S. cars. ...

Kellyn S. Betts

2011-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

216

Automobile Recycling Policy: Findings and Recommendations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report focuses on recycling. As an objective neutral party, MIT has compiled a knowledge base that examines the many complex issues relating to re-cycling. Although this report was prepared at the request of the ...

Field, Frank

217

Residential Refrigerator Recycling Ninth Year Retention Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residential Refrigerator Recycling Ninth Year Retention Study Study ID Nos. 546B, 563 Prepared RECYCLING PROGRAMS Study ID Nos. 546B and 563 Prepared for Southern California Edison Rosemead, California

218

Compositional evaluation of asphalt binder recycling agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several experiments were performed to determine how recycling agent composition affects the high, intermediate, and low temperature properties as well as long term oxidative aging characteristics of recycled asphalt blends. Specifically, several...

Madrid, Richard Charles

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Redesigned recycle valves abate compressor vibration  

SciTech Connect

New recycle valves installed in 1994 on the compressors in the East Brae field in the North Sea corrected the noise and vibration problem that damaged the original valves shortly after commissioning the platform. The original recycle valves, especially on the second-stage compressors, showed severe damage. The paper describes the Brae field, the recycle system, recycle valves, operations, the new valve design, noise and vibration, and valve actuators.

Laing, D.E. [Marathon Oil U.K. Ltd., Aberdeen (United Kingdom); Miller, H.L.; McCaskill, J.W. [Engineering Control Components Inc., Rancho Santa Margarita, CA (United States)

1995-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

220

Proceedings of the waste recycling workshop  

SciTech Connect

Recorded are seventeen talks from five sessions at the workshop. FERMCO`s recycling program, state of the art recycling technology, and an integrated demonstration of deactivation, decommissioning and decommissioning are presented in the plenary session. In the concrete session, decontamination and recycling are discussed. In the transite session, regulations are considered along with recycling and decontamination. In the metals session, radioactive scrap metals are emphasized. And in the regulatory considerations and liabilities session, DOE and EPA viewpoints are discussed. (GHH)

Bailey, R.E.; Thomas, A.F.; Ries, M.A. [eds.] [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)] [eds.; Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

TTUAB PLASTIC & ALUMINUM RECYCLING PROTOCOL Fall 2012 What Plastic Do We Recycle?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TTUAB PLASTIC & ALUMINUM RECYCLING PROTOCOL ­ Fall 2012 What Plastic Do We Recycle? TTUAB has taken on the responsibility of recycling #1 PET and #2 HDPE plastics by placing a yellow TTUAB Plastic Recycling bin on each. Technically, we are only responsible for aforementioned plastics and aluminum. However, any trash or other

Rock, Chris

222

TTUAB PLASTIC & ALUMINUM RECYCLING PROTOCOL 2013 What Plastic Do We Recycle?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TTUAB PLASTIC & ALUMINUM RECYCLING PROTOCOL 2013 What Plastic Do We Recycle? TTUAB has taken on the responsibility of recycling ALL plastics (#1 through #7) by placing a yellow TTUAB Plastic Recycling bin on each and in LH100. Technically, we are only responsible for aforementioned plastics and aluminum. However, any

Rock, Chris

223

TTUAB PLASTIC RECYCLING PROTOCOL Fall 2011 What Plastic Do We Recycle?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TTUAB PLASTIC RECYCLING PROTOCOL ­ Fall 2011 What Plastic Do We Recycle? TTUAB has taken on the responsibility of recycling #1 PET and #2 HDPE plastics by placing a yellow TTUAB Plastic Recycling bin on each floor. Technically, we are only responsible for aforementioned plastics. However, any trash or other

Rock, Chris

224

Research Report Recycling gone bad: When the option to recycle increases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Report Recycling gone bad: When the option to recycle increases resource consumption Jesse Abstract In this study, we propose that the ability to recycle may lead to increased resource usage compared to when a recycling option is not available. Supporting this hypothesis, our first experiment

Loudon, Catherine

225

Where can I recycle it year-round? Item Local Recycling Locations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Where can I recycle it year-round? Item Local Recycling Locations Styrofoam First Alternative Co-op Recycling Center, 1007 SE 3rd St., 541-753-3115 (small fee) Packing Peanuts OSU Surplus, 644 SW 13 th St., 541-737-7347 Commercial shipping stores Film Plastics First Alternative Co-op Recycling Center, 1007

Escher, Christine

226

Waste oil reclamation, January 1980-August 1991 (Citations from the NTIS Data Base). Rept. for Jan 80-Aug 91  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the reclamation and recycling of used lubricating oils. Topics include specific program descriptions, re-refining techniques, chemical component analysis, and reclaimed oil performance. Appropriate regulations, standards, and clean-up efforts at sites contaminated by waste oils or waste oil refineries are included. (Contains 144 citations with title list and subject index.)

Not Available

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Recycling of Wasted Energy : ThermalOF THE DISSERTATION Recycling of Wasted Energy : Thermal to

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Crude Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy in Brief How much U.S. electricity is generated from renewable energy? Shale in the United States How dependent are we on foreign oil? What is the role of...

229

The effect of biofuel on the international oil market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fig. 1, where aggregate demand for oil is denoted D + D ? ,oil-exporting and oil-importing countries’ demand functionsinelastic global demand for crude oil, the elasticity of the

Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Improving Vehicle Efficiency, Reducing Dependence on Foreign Oil (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. Today, the United States spends about $400 billion each year on imported oil. To realize a secure energy future, America must break its dependence on imported oil and its volatile costs. The transportation sector accounts for about 70% of U.S. oil demand and holds tremendous opportunity to increase America's energy security by reducing oil consumption. That's why the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) conducts research and development (R and D) on vehicle technologies which can stem America's dependence on oil, strengthen the economy, and protect the environment. Hybrid-electric and plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles can significantly improve fuel economy, displacing petroleum. Researchers are making batteries more affordable and recyclable, while enhancing battery range, performance, and life. This research supports President Obama's goal of putting 1 million electric vehicles on the road by 2015. The program is also working with businesses to develop domestic battery and electric-drive component plants to improve America's economic competitiveness globally. The program facilitates deployment of alternative fuels (ethanol, biodiesel, hydrogen, electricity, propane, and natural gas) and fuel infrastructures by partnering with state and local governments, universities, and industry. Reducing vehicle weight directly improves vehicle efficiency and fuel economy, and can potentially reduce vehicle operating costs. Cost-effective, lightweight, high-strength materials can significantly reduce vehicle weight without compromising safety. Improved combustion technologies and optimized fuel systems can improve near-and mid-term fuel economy by 25% for passenger vehicles and 20% for commercial vehicles by 2015, compared to 2009 vehicles. Reducing the use of oil-based fuels and lubricants in vehicles has more potential to improve the nation's energy security than any other action; even a 1% improvement in vehicle fuel efficiency would save consumers more than $4 billion annually.

Not Available

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Recent innovations in paper recycling  

SciTech Connect

From many process steps in paper recycling systems, two have been selected for discussion, namely washing deinking and flotation deinking flotation deinking. Recent innovations are reviewed, in the context of the basic mechanisms responsible for the functioning of these machines. An update is also given for their application in the processing of used office papers.

Seifert, P. (Black Clawson Co., Middletown, OH (United States))

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Ames Lab 101: Rare-Earth Recycling  

SciTech Connect

Recycling keeps paper, plastics, and even jeans out of landfills. Could recycling rare-earth magnets do the same? Perhaps, if the recycling process can be improved. Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are working to more effectively remove the neodymium, a rare earth, from the mix of other materials in a magnet.

Ryan Ott

2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

233

Recycling at Mooov-In 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cardboard Recycling at Mooov-In 2011 For the second year in a row, Division of Housing and Food Service (DHFS) and Recycling & Sustainability teamed up to divert as much cardboard as possible from area landfills. In addition to the paper, cardboard, aluminum and plastic recycling available in all residence

Julien, Christine

234

Energy and Environmental Considerations in Recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy and Environmental Considerations in Recycling Griffin Hosseinzadeh 11 April 2012 Physics H materials from recyclables · Carbon emissions & water pollution from production of virgin materials vs. recycling · Methane from decomposing materials in landfill · Depletion of natural resources (trees, minerals

Budker, Dmitry

235

Alabama Injection Project Aimed at Enhanced Oil Recovery, Testing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alabama Injection Project Aimed at Enhanced Oil Recovery, Testing Important Geologic CO2 Storage Alabama Injection Project Aimed at Enhanced Oil Recovery, Testing Important...

236

OIL SHALE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seyitömer, Himmeto?lu and Hat?lda? oil shale deposits. The results demonstrate that these oil shales are

Fields (in-situ Combustion Approach; M. V. Kök; G. Guner; S. Bagci?

237

Control of Sludge Recycle Flow in Wastewater Treatment Plants Using Fuzzy Logic Controller  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sludge recycling system is an important part of wastewater treatment plants, because the lack of control ... almost all of the sludge return system with wastewater treatment plants is simply the ratio by ... appl...

Wangyani

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Why is fuel Economy Important?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Why Is Fuel Economy Important? Why Is Fuel Economy Important? Saves You Money Save as much as $1,700 in fuel costs each year by choosing the most efficient vehicle that meets your needs. See how much you can save! Photo of gasoline receipt on top of money Reduces Climate Change Carbon dioxide (CO2) from burning gasoline and diesel contributes to global climate change. You can do your part to reduce climate change by reducing your carbon footprint! Photo of Earth from space Reduces Oil Dependence Costs Our dependence on oil makes us vulnerable to oil market manipulation and price shocks. Find out how oil dependence hurts our economy! Chart showing annual cost of oil imports increasing from $21 billion per year in 1975 to approximately $330 billion in 2011 Increases Energy Sustainability

239

Waste oil reclamation. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning methods and equipment for reclamation and recycling of waste oils. Citations discuss recovery, disposal, and reuse of lubricating oils. Topics include economic analysis, programs assessment, re-refining techniques, chemical component analysis, and reclaimed oil evaluation. Regulations and standards for waste oil treatment and waste oil refineries are examined. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Waste oil reclamation. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning methods and equipment for reclamation and recycling of waste oils. Citations discuss recovery, disposal, and reuse of lubricating oils. Topics include economic analysis, programs assessment, re-refining techniques, chemical component analysis, and reclaimed oil evaluation. Regulations and standards for waste oil treatment and waste oil refineries are examined. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Waste oil reclamation. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning methods and equipment for reclamation and recycling of waste oils. Citations discuss recovery, disposal, and reuse of lubricating oils. Topics include economic analysis, programs assessment, re-refining techniques, chemical component analysis, and reclaimed oil evaluation. Regulations and standards for waste oil treatment and waste oil refineries are examined. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Summary of Important Terms PETROLEUM PRICES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Important Terms Important Terms PETROLEUM PRICES Refiner acquisition cost of crude oil (RAC): The average monthly cost of crude oil to U.S. refiners, including transportation and fees. The composite cost is the weighted average of domestic and imported crude oil costs. Typically, the imported RAC is about $1.50 per barrel below the monthly average spot price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil and is within about $0.20 per barrel of the average monthly spot price of Brent crude oil. Unless otherwise stated, the imported RAC is what is referred to in this report as the 'world oil price" or "average crude oil price." Retail motor gasoline prices: The average pump prices for gasoline reported in the Short-term Energy Outlook are derived from the Energy Information

243

Cost effectiveness of recycling: A systems model  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: • Curbside collection of recyclables reduces overall system costs over a range of conditions. • When avoided costs for recyclables are large, even high collection costs are supported. • When avoided costs for recyclables are not great, there are reduced opportunities for savings. • For common waste compositions, maximizing curbside recyclables collection always saves money. - Abstract: Financial analytical models of waste management systems have often found that recycling costs exceed direct benefits, and in order to economically justify recycling activities, externalities such as household expenses or environmental impacts must be invoked. Certain more empirically based studies have also found that recycling is more expensive than disposal. Other work, both through models and surveys, have found differently. Here we present an empirical systems model, largely drawn from a suburban Long Island municipality. The model accounts for changes in distribution of effort as recycling tonnages displace disposal tonnages, and the seven different cases examined all show that curbside collection programs that manage up to between 31% and 37% of the waste stream should result in overall system savings. These savings accrue partially because of assumed cost differences in tip fees for recyclables and disposed wastes, and also because recycling can result in a more efficient, cost-effective collection program. These results imply that increases in recycling are justifiable due to cost-savings alone, not on more difficult to measure factors that may not impact program budgets.

Tonjes, David J., E-mail: david.tonjes@stonybrook.edu [Department of Technology and Society, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3560 (United States); Waste Reduction and Management Institute, School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-5000 (United States); Center for Bioenergy Research and Development, Advanced Energy Research and Technology Center, Stony Brook University, 1000 Innovation Rd., Stony Brook, NY 11794-6044 (United States); Mallikarjun, Sreekanth, E-mail: sreekanth.mallikarjun@stonybrook.edu [Department of Technology and Society, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3560 (United States)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Sandia National Laboratories: Pollution Prevention: Recycling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recycling Recycling Sandia goes beyond basic recycling of common papers, plastics, and metals. We divert as many waste streams for recycling as feasible. The list of materials diverted grows every year. We regularly re-evaluate processes for efficiency and improved revenues as well. Revenue received from recycling goes back into the program to fund material streams that currently cost to process, and to improve and expand the waste reduction infrastructure. The state of New Mexico has a target to recycle 35% of its waste by 2018. The Department of Energy has a goal of 50% by 2015. Sandia/New Mexico is contributing toward both of these goals by recycling nearly 71% of its waste in FY12. Sandia/California is doing even better at 78%. compost pile Composting Sandia/New Mexico sends green waste in the form of branches to Kirtland Air

245

Economic effects of peak oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assuming that global oil production peaked, this paper uses scenario analysis to show the economic effects of a possible supply shortage and corresponding rise in oil prices in the next decade on different sectors in Germany and other major economies such as the US, Japan, China, the OPEC or Russia. Due to the price-inelasticity of oil demand the supply shortage leads to a sharp increase in oil prices in the second scenario, with high effects on GDP comparable to the magnitude of the global financial crises in 2008/09. Oil exporting countries benefit from high oil prices, whereas oil importing countries are negatively affected. Generally, the effects in the third scenario are significantly smaller than in the second, showing that energy efficiency measures and the switch to renewable energy sources decreases the countries' dependence on oil imports and hence reduces their vulnerability to oil price shocks on the world market.

Christian Lutz; Ulrike Lehr; Kirsten S. Wiebe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Recycling Guide: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Recycling Information Call 301-496-7990 or visit the NEMS Website at http://www.nems.nih.gov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recycling Guide: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Recycling Information ­ Call 301-496-7990 or visit the NEMS in COMMINGLED bin Rinse food/beverage containers before recycling No Pyrex or Styrofoam Printer and Copier Toner Cartridges in TONER CARTRIDGE bin Recycle packaging material in appropriate bin NIH charities

Baker, Chris I.

247

In situ recycling of contaminated soil uses bioremediation  

SciTech Connect

OxyChem Pipeline Operations, primarily an ethylene and propylene products mover, has determined that substantial savings can be realized by adopting a bioremediation maintenance and recycling approach to hydrocarbon-contaminated soil. By this method, the soil can be recycled in situ, or in containers. To implement the soil-recycling program, OxyChem elected to use a soil remediator and natural absorbent product, Oil Snapper. This field maintenance material, based on an Enhanced Urea Technology, provides a diet to stimulate the growth of hydrocarbon-eating microbes. It works well either with indigenous soil microbes or with commercial microbes. The product is carried in field vehicles, which makes it immediately available when leaks or spills are discovered. Procedure for clean-up is to apply product and mix it into affected soil. Thus the contaminant is contained, preventing further migration; the contaminant is dispersed throughout the product, making it more accessible to the microbes; nutrients are immediately available to the microbes; and the material contributes aeration and moisture-retention properties.

Shevlin, P.J.; Reel, D.A.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

International Recycling of LLW Metals  

SciTech Connect

Melting of radioactive scrap metal has been successfully practiced for more than 15 years, with approximately 60,000 tons of steel being processed into beneficial reuse applications. This process has converted radioactive scrap metal at a licensed facility into useful products such as shield blocks, security barriers and shield containers. These products are used within the nuclear industry, such as nuclear power plants, waste disposal facilities and high-energy physics research facilities. Recycling provides the following benefits by comparison with direct disposal: - Preserving metal resources. - Conserving valuable Low Level Waste (LLW) disposal site resources, thereby extending disposal site life. - Reducing the cost of metal products to end users by using materials less expensive than virgin metals. This paper outlines international metal recycling practices implemented at EnergySolutions' Bear Creek Facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. (authors)

Eshleman, T.; Jansen, J. [EnergySolutions (United States); Shinya, Sawada [KEK - High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (Japan)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Chapter 4 - Recycling Rare Metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The industrial system now utilizes many more elements, especially rare metals, than was the case even a half century ago. Most are not mined for themselves but are obtained as by-products or “hitchhikers” of the more familiar industrial metals, such as iron, aluminum, copper, nickel, and zinc. This imposes a limit on the production of by-product metals. But in some cases, demand may increase much faster than new supply. This suggests a need for recycling. But the uses of these metals are often in products, such as cell phones, that are mass-produced but where the amount in each individual product is very small. Some uses are also inherently dissipative. This makes recycling very difficult in principle. It constitutes a serious challenge for the future economy. Prices will rise.

Robert U. Ayres; Gara Villalba Méndez; Laura Talens Peiró

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Ozone bleaching of recycled paper  

SciTech Connect

Chlorinated bleaching chemicals, notably chlorine and hypochlorite, are still being used to bleach deinked, woodfree pulps. Increasing environmental concern about the use of these chemicals--coupled with the industry's efforts to increase the use of recycled fibers--highlight the need to develop better techniques for producing high-quality deinked pulp. Results presented in this report suggest that deinked fibers can be treated with ozone followed by a peroxide bleaching stage to produce a high-quality pulp.

Muguet, M.; Kogan, J. (American Air Liquide, Countryside, IL (United States))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Oil transportation in the global landscape : the Murmansk Oil Terminal and Pipeline proposal evaluated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil and transportation have been commingled since the first oil reserves were discovered. The importance of energy, namely oil, and the transportation of that energy from the producers to the consumers is persistently ...

Roy, Ankur, 1976-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

A Membrane Process for Recycling Die Lube from Wastewater Solutions  

SciTech Connect

An active-surface membrane technology was used to separate a die lube manufacturing wastewater stream consisting of various oils, hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and silicones. The ultrafiltration membranes reduced organics from initial oil and grease contents by 20–25X, carbon oxygen demand (COD) by 1.5 to 2X, and total organic carbon (TOC) by 0.6, while the biological oxygen demand (BOD) remained constant. The active-surface membranes were not fouled as badly as non-active-surface systems and the active-surface membrane flux levels were consistently higher and more stable than those of the non-active-surface membranes tested. Field testing demonstrated that the rotary microfilter can concentrate the die lube, i.e. remove the glycerin component, and produce a die lube suitable for recycling. The recycling system operated for six weeks with only seven cleaning cycles and no mechanical or electrical failures. Test data and quality records indicate that the die casting scrap was reduced from 8.4 to 7.8%. There is no doubt that this test yielded tremendous results. This separation process presents significant opportunities that can be evaluated further.

Eric S. Peterson; Jessica Trudeau; Bill Cleary; Michael Hackett; William A. Greene

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

A Membrane Process for Recycling Die Lube from Wastewater Solutions  

SciTech Connect

An active-surface membrane technology was used to separate a die lube manufacturing wastewater stream consisting of various oils, hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and silicones. The ultrafiltration membranes reduced organics from initial oil and grease contents by 20?25X, carbon oxygen demand (COD) by 1.5 to 2X, and total organic carbon (TOC) by 0.6, while the biological oxygen demand (BOD) remained constant. The active-surface membranes were not fouled as badly as non-active-surface systems and the active-surface membrane flux levels were consistently higher and more stable than those of the non-active-surface membranes tested. Field testing demonstrated that the rotary microfilter can concentrate the die lube, i.e. remove the glycerin component, and produce a die lube suitable for recycling. The recycling system operated for six weeks with only seven cleaning cycles and no mechanical or electrical failures. Test data and quality records indicate that the die casting scrap was reduced from 8.4 to 7.8%. There is no doubt that this test yielded tremendous results. This separation process presents significant opportunities that can be evaluated further.

Peterson, E.S.; Trudeau, J.; Cleary, B.; Hackett, M.; Greene, W.A.

2003-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

254

Desalination 187 (2006) 115126 Presented at the International Conference on Integrated Concepts on Water Recycling, Wollongong, NSW Australia,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

" factor. It found people more willing to use recycled water from their own wastewater than from second on Water Recycling, Wollongong, NSW Australia, 14­17 February 2005. Public perception and participation water after it is treated in a modern wastewater treatment plant is an important and underutilized

Newman, Michael C.

255

INEEL Lead Recycling in a Moratorium Environment  

SciTech Connect

Since 1999, the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) Lead Project successfully recycled over 700,000 pounds of excess INEEL lead to the private sector. On February 14, 2000, the Secretary of Energy, Bill Richardson, formalized the January 12, 2000, moratorium on recycling radioactive scrap metal that prevented the unrestricted release of recycled scrap metals to the private sector. This moratorium created significant problems for the INEEL lead recycling program and associated plans; however, through the cooperative efforts of the INEEL and Idaho State University as well as innovative planning and creative thinking the recycling issues were resolved. This collaboration has recycled over 160,000 pounds of excess lead to Idaho State University with a cost savings of over $.5M.

Kooda, K. E.; Galloway, K.; McCray, C. W.; Aitken, D. W.

2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

256

INEEL Lead Recycling in a Moratorium Environment  

SciTech Connect

Since 1999, the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) Lead Project successfully recycled over 700,000 pounds of excess INEEL lead to the private sector. On February 14, 2000, the Secretary of Energy, Bill Richardson, formalized the January 12, 2000, moratorium on recycling radioactive scrap metal that prevented the unrestricted release of recycled scrap metals to the private sector. This moratorium created significant problems for the INEEL lead recycling program and associated plans; however, through the cooperative efforts of the INEEL and Idaho State University as well as innovative planning and creative thinking the recycling issues were resolved. This collaboration has recycled over 160,000 pounds of excess lead to Idaho State University with a cost savings of over $.5M.

Kooda, Kevin Evan; Mc Cray, Casey William; Aitken, Darren William; Galloway, Kelly

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

U.S. Crude Oil Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

239,848 231,900 250,207 251,054 237,344 231,718 1920-2013 239,848 231,900 250,207 251,054 237,344 231,718 1920-2013 Persian Gulf 65,745 56,296 59,730 66,000 63,759 59,553 1993-2013 OPEC* 117,313 108,592 110,593 112,292 110,695 100,239 1993-2013 Algeria 1,890 611 620 800 1993-2013 Angola 9,784 7,706 7,097 10,734 6,792 6,227 1993-2013 Ecuador 5,533 6,071 5,947 10,661 7,502 7,617 1993-2013 Iraq 9,937 6,850 9,275 12,308 8,618 7,000 1996-2013 Kuwait 11,181 6,518 9,585 12,402 8,980 10,382 1993-2013 Libya 2,769 3,269 4,035 1,428 1,058 2004-2013 Nigeria 10,706 10,115 6,170 4,142 7,461 4,502 1993-2013 Qatar 1998-2011 Saudi Arabia 44,627 42,928 40,870 41,290 46,161 42,171 1993-2013 United Arab Emirates 1993-2011 Venezuela 20,886 25,135 27,003 18,707 23,323 22,340 1993-2013

258

Recycled Plastics in FCC Feedstocks:? Specific Contributions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recycled Plastics in FCC Feedstocks:? Specific Contributions ... Zhibo, Z.; Nishio, S.; Morioka, Y.; Ueno, A.; Ohkita, H.; Tochihara, Y.; Mizushima, P.; Kakuta, N. Thermal and chemical recycle of waste polymers. ... Feedstock recycling of plastic waste by thermal and catalytic processes is a promising route to eliminate this refuse (which is harmful to the environment) by obtaining, at the same time, products that are useful as fuels or chemicals. ...

Gabriela de la Puente; José M. Arandes; Ulises A. Sedran

1997-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

259

Plastic film recycling: A new beginning  

SciTech Connect

Only two years ago, plastic film recycling was considered an onerous task. Different resins had to be identified, colors had to be separated, and minute contaminants had to be weeded out almost by hand to produce a quality material. But the tide of plastic film recycling is changing now that new technologies have emerged and more organized collection infrastructure have been developed. Today, plastic film recycling maintains a lucrative market for those with the right combination of equipment and know-how.

Goff, J.A.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Exploring the usefulness of a simple linear regression model for understanding price movements of selected recycled materials in the UK  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The price volatility of recycled materials exposes many different organisations to financial and regulatory risk. These risks can be partially mitigated by improved understanding of price volatility using econometric models, although these have tended to be sophisticated autoregressive models, beyond the analytical capability or cost structure of the average market participant. In this context, this study explores the use of a simple linear regression model to understand the behaviour of prices for recycled plastic, recovered paper and glass, based on the price of their primary inputs, with a specific focus on the UK market. The results of the simple regression model are compared with a wavelet analysis to determine what information is lost in the trade off with simplicity. Both models found significant relationships between the price of crude oil/ethylene/naphtha and recycled plastics and it appears that there is no loss in model performance by using oil as the explanatory variable, rather than direct inputs (ethylene/naphtha). However, few correlations were found for recovered paper and glass. Initial findings from the wavelet analysis suggest that since 2004 the oil price has become more closely linked to the price of recycled plastics. It must be noted that this study is exploratory and particular dynamics of UK markets for recycled materials may affect price development in a way that would not be repeated on international markets.

A. Angus; M. Rivas Casado; D. Fitzsimons

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

STEO September 2012 - oil production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

oil production forecast to rise almost 700,000 bpd this oil production forecast to rise almost 700,000 bpd this year, help cut U.S. petroleum imports U.S. crude oil production is expected to average 6.3 million barrels per day in 2012. That's up nearly 700,000 barrels per day from last year and the highest annual oil output since 1997 says the U.S. Energy Information Administration in its new monthly short-term energy outlook for September. EIA analyst Sam Gorgen explains: "Higher oil supplies, especially from North Dakota and Texas, boosted U.S. oil production. The number of on-shore drilling rigs targeting oil nationwide has increased by around 200 so far this year to just under 1,400 rigs." Higher domestic oil production will help cut U.S. petroleum imports. The share of total U.S.

262

USF Physical Plant Recycling Program Updated November 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USF Physical Plant Recycling Program Updated November 2013 #12;Beginnings � Program initiated � Continuously expanding recycling efforts #12;Paper Recycling � Currently recycling mixed paper Office paper, newspaper, magazines, cardboard, paperbacks � PPD has distributed about 2,400 office-size recycling

Meyers, Steven D.

263

LLNL oil shale project review: METC third annual oil shale contractors meeting  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory combines laboratory and pilot-scale experimental measurements with mathematical modeling of fundamental chemistry and physics to provide a technical base for evaluating oil shale retorting alternatives. Presented herein are results of four research areas of interest in oil shale process development: Recent Progress in Solid-Recycle Retorting and Related Laboratory and Modeling Studies; Water Generation During Pyrolysis of Oil Shale; Improved Analytical Methods and Measurements of Rapid Pyrolysis Kinetics for Western and Eastern Oil Shale; and Rate of Cracking or Degradation of Oil Vapor In Contact with Oxidized Shale. We describe operating results of a 1 tonne-per-day, continuous-loop, solid-recycle, retort processing both Western And Eastern oil shale. Sulfur chemistry, solid mixing limits, shale cooling tests and catalyst addition are all discussed. Using a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer, we measure individual species evolution with greater sensitivity and selectivity. Herein we discuss our measurements of water evolution during ramped heating of Western and Eastern oil shale. Using improved analytical techniques, we determine isothermal pyrolysis kinetics for Western and Eastern oil shale, during rapid heating, which are faster than previously thought. Finally, we discuss the rate of cracking of oil vapor in contact with oxidized shale, qualitatively using a sand fluidized bed and quantitatively using a vapor cracking apparatus. 3 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Cena, R.J.; Coburn, T.T.; Taylor, R.W.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Request for Information on Photovoltaic Module Recycling  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy SunShot Initiative requests feedback from industry, academia, research laboratories, government agencies, and other stakeholders on issues related to photovoltaic (PV) module recycling technology. SunShot intends to understand the current state of recycling technology and the areas of research that could lead to impactful recycling technologies to support the developing PV industry. The intent of this request for information is to generate discussion related to planning for the end of life of photovoltaic modules and to create a list of high impact research topics in photovoltaics recycling.

265

Recommendation 221: Recommendation Regarding Recycling of Metals...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

recycling program to address radiologically contaminated metals and equipment for free-release. Recommendation 221 Responseto221.pdf More Documents & Publications EM SSAB...

266

Howard Waste Recycling Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product: London-based project developer and manufacturer of biomass feedstock for energy production. References: Howard Waste Recycling Ltd1 This article is a stub. You can help...

267

Recycling in America: A Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and academic libraries, the handbook presents a nontechnicalRecycling in America: A Reference Handbook Patricia Murphy Handbook (Contemporary World Issues

Murphy, Patricia

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

RECYCLING: SUPPLY, ECONOMICS, ENVIRONMENT, AND TECHNOLOGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proceedings Technology Park/Atlanta P. O. Box 105113 Atlanta, GA 303+8-5113, USA on recycled paper 416 / TAPPI

Abubakr, Said

269

„Peak Oil“  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wissenschaftliche Voraussagen deuten auf „Peak Oil“, das Maximum globaler Erdölförderung, in unserer ... der demokratischen Systeme führen. Psychoanalytische Betrachtung darf „Peak Oil“ für die Zivilisation als e...

Dr. Manuel Haus; Dr. med. Christoph Biermann

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

What Gets Recycled:? An Information Theory Based Model for Product Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

What Gets Recycled:? An Information Theory Based Model for Product Recycling ... plastics ... This is due in part because we have not included many additional low value items which have very low, or zero recycling rates such as Styrofoam cups, plastic bags, staples, straws, gum wrappers, etc. ...

Jeffrey B. Dahmus; Timothy G. Gutowski

2007-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

271

Crude oil and crude oil derivatives transactions by oil and gas producers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study attempts to resolve two important issues. First, it investigates the diversification benefit of crude oil for equities. Second, it examines whether or not… (more)

Xu, He

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

The economics of cell phone reuse and recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sullivan DE (2006) Recycled cell phones—a treasure trove ofsheet: recycle your cell phone—it’s an easy call, EPA530-F-ARTICLE The economics of cell phone reuse and recycling

Geyer, Roland; Doctori Blass, Vered

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY Electricity generation and treatment of paper recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY Electricity generation and treatment of paper recycling wastewater production and treatment of a paper recycling plant wastewater using microbial fuel cells. Treatment. Keywords Microbial fuel cell . Paper recycling wastewater. Cellulose . Solution conductivity. Power

274

Bituminous pavement recycling Aravind K. and Animesh Das  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bituminous pavement recycling Aravind K. and Animesh Das Department of Civil Engineering IIT Kanpur Introduction The bituminous pavement rehabilitation alternatives are mainly overlaying, recycling and reconstruction. In the recycling process the material from deteriorated pavement, known as reclaimed asphalt

Das, Animesh

275

Argonne National Laboratory's Recycling Pilot Plant  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Argonne has a Recycling Pilot Plant designed to save the non-metal portions of junked cars. Here, program managers demonstrate how plastic shredder residue can be recycled. (Currently these automotive leftovers are sent to landfills.) For more information, visit Argonne's Transportation Technology R&D Center Web site at http://www.transportation.anl.gov.

Spangenberger, Jeff; Jody, Sam;

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

276

Bay area regional water recycling program  

SciTech Connect

The Bay Area Regional Water Recycling Project is a partnership of 19 water and wastewater agencies working to maximize San Francisco Bay Area water recycling. Benefits of the partnership are described, and the methodologies and analysis tools to implement the regional approach are identified.

Ritchie, S.; Bailey, M.; Raines, R.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Preconceptual Design Description for Caustic Recycle Facility  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy plans to vitrify both high-level and low-activity waste at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. One aspect of the planning includes a need for a caustic recycle process to separate sodium hydroxide for recycle. Sodium is already a major limitation to the waste-oxide loading in the low-activity waste glass to be vitrified at the Waste Treatment Plant, and additional sodium hydroxide will be added to remove aluminum and to control precipitation in the process equipment. Aluminum is being removed from the high level sludge to reduce the number of high level waste canisters produced. A sodium recycle process would reduce the volume of low-activity waste glass produced and minimize the need to purchase new sodium hydroxide, so there is a renewed interest in investigating sodium recycle. This document describes an electrochemical facility for recycling sodium for the WTP.

Sevigny, Gary J.; Poloski, Adam P.; Fountain, Matthew S.; Kurath, Dean E.

2008-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

278

Solid waste recycling programs at Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect

The Rocky Flats (RFP) recycling programs for solid waste materials have been in place for over ten years. Within the last three years, the programs were centralized under the direction of the Rocky Flats Waste Minimization department, with the assistance of various plant organizations (e.g., Trucking, Building Services, Regulated Waste Operations, property Utilization and Disposal and Security). Waste Minimization designs collection and transportation systems for recyclable materials and evaluates recycling markets for opportunities to add new commodities to the existing programs. The Waste Minimization department also promotes employee participation in the Rocky Flats Recycling Programs, and collects all recycling data for publication. A description of the program status as of January 1994 is given.

Millette, R.L.; Blackman, T.E.; Shepard, M.D. [EG and G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

279

St. Petersburg, FL: Vehicle Use of Recycled Natural Gas Derived...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

St. Petersburg, FL: Vehicle Use of Recycled Natural Gas Derived from Wastewater Biosolids St. Petersburg, FL: Vehicle Use of Recycled Natural Gas Derived from Wastewater Biosolids...

280

Massive Hanford Test Reactor Removed - Plutonium Recycle Test...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Massive Hanford Test Reactor Removed - Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor removed from Hanford's 300 Area Massive Hanford Test Reactor Removed - Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor removed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Mark Caffarey, UMICORE, "Opportunities and Limits to Recycling...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mark Caffarey, UMICORE, "Opportunities and Limits to Recycling of Critical Materials for Clean Energies Mark Caffarey, UMICORE, "Opportunities and Limits to Recycling of Critical...

282

London Waste and Recycling Board | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

London Waste and Recycling Board Jump to: navigation, search Name: London Waste and Recycling Board Place: London, England, United Kingdom Zip: SE1 0AL Sector: Services Product:...

283

North Dakota: EERE-Funded Project Recycles Energy, Generates...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

North Dakota: EERE-Funded Project Recycles Energy, Generates Electricity North Dakota: EERE-Funded Project Recycles Energy, Generates Electricity June 17, 2014 - 2:58pm Addthis...

284

The Politics of Mexico’s Oil Monopoly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s oil is critical for America’s national security because ins oil is important for the United States’ national security,

Huizar, Richard

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Three Papers on the Political Consequences of Oil Prices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Given the importance of oil in any country's energy needs, it should not be surprising that the increasing volatility of oil prices in the past… (more)

Crespo Tenorio, Adriana

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

How Chula Vista, California Is Turning Cooking Oil Into Savings |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Chula Vista, California Is Turning Cooking Oil Into Savings How Chula Vista, California Is Turning Cooking Oil Into Savings How Chula Vista, California Is Turning Cooking Oil Into Savings January 19, 2011 - 1:21pm Addthis Truck 51 of the Chula Vista Fire Department. Truck 51 of the Chula Vista Fire Department. John Young What does this project do? Reuses cooking oil that is normally considered waste, saving taxpayer dollars. Reduces reliance on foreign oil Cuts emissions Anyone who has ever worked in a restaurant probably shudders at the mention of having to dispose of used cooking oil. While not much can be done to eliminate this unpleasant kitchen task, what's changing is how that oil can be recycled to help reduce our dependence on foreign sources of energy. Used cooking oil is a key (and very low cost) ingredient in the production

287

Unanticipated potential cancer risk near metal recycling facilities  

SciTech Connect

Metal recycling is an important growing industry. Prior to this study, area sources consisting of metal recycling facilities fell in a category of limited regulatory scrutiny because of assumed low levels of annual emissions. Initiating with community complaints of nuisance from smoke, dust and odor, the Houston Department of Health and Human Services (HDHHS) began a monitoring program outside metal recycler facilities and found metal particulates in outdoor ambient air at levels which could pose a carcinogenic human health risk. In a study of five similar metal recycler facilities which used a torch cutting process, air downwind and outside the facility was sampled for eight hours between 6 and 10 times each over 18 months using a mobile laboratory. Ten background locations were also sampled. Iron, manganese, copper, chromium, nickel, lead, cobalt, cadmium and mercury were detected downwind of the metal recyclers at frequencies ranging from 100% of the time for iron to 2% of the time for mercury. Of these metals, chromium, nickel, lead, cobalt, cadmium and mercury were not detected in any sample in the background. Two pairs of samples were analyzed for total chromium and hexavalent chromium to establish a ratio of the fraction of hexavalent chromium in total chromium. This fraction was used to estimate hexavalent chromium at all locations. The carcinogenic risk posed to a residential receptor from metal particulate matter concentrations in the ambient air attributed to the metal recyclers was estimated from each of the five facilities in an effort to rank the importance of this source and inform the need for further investigation. The total risk from these area sources ranged from an increased cancer risk of 1 in 1,000,000 to 6 in 10,000 using the 95th upper confidence limit of the mean of the carcinogenic metal particulate matter concentration, assuming the point of the exposure is the sample location for a residential receptor after accounting for wind direction and the number of shifts that could operate a year. Further study is warranted to better understand the metal air pollution levels in the community and if necessary, to evaluate the feasibility of emission controls and identify operational improvements and best management practices for this industry. This research adds two new aspects to the literature: identification of types and magnitude of metal particulate matter air pollutants associated with a previously unrecognized area source, metal recyclers and their potential risk to health. -- Highlights: • Air monitoring study in response to community complaints found metal contamination. • Metal recyclers found to potentially pose cancer from metal particulates • Chromium, nickel, cobalt and cadmium samples were detected in five metal recyclers. • These metals were not detected in background air samples. • Estimated increased cancer risk ranges from 1 in 1,000,000 to 8 in 10,000.

Raun, Loren, E-mail: raun@rice.edu [Department of Statistics, MS 138, Rice University, P.O. Box 1892, Houston, TX 77251-1892 (United States)] [Department of Statistics, MS 138, Rice University, P.O. Box 1892, Houston, TX 77251-1892 (United States); Pepple, Karl, E-mail: pepple.karl@epa.gov [State and Local Programs Group, Air Quality Policy Division, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Policy, Analysis, and Communications Staff, Mail Drop C404-03, U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States)] [State and Local Programs Group, Air Quality Policy Division, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Policy, Analysis, and Communications Staff, Mail Drop C404-03, U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States); Hoyt, Daniel, E-mail: hoyt.daniel@epa.gov [Air Surveillance Section, US EPA, Region 6, 6EN-AS, 1445 Ross Avenue, Dallas, TX 75202-2733 (United States)] [Air Surveillance Section, US EPA, Region 6, 6EN-AS, 1445 Ross Avenue, Dallas, TX 75202-2733 (United States); Richner, Donald, E-mail: Donald.Richner@houstontx.gov [Houston Department of Health and Human Services, Bureau of Pollution Control and Prevention, 7411 Park Place Blvd., Houston, TX 77087 (United States)] [Houston Department of Health and Human Services, Bureau of Pollution Control and Prevention, 7411 Park Place Blvd., Houston, TX 77087 (United States); Blanco, Arturo, E-mail: arturo.blanco@houstontx.gov [Pollution Control and Prevention, Environmental Health Division, Houston Department of Health and Human Services, 7411 Park Place Blvd., Houston, TX 77087 (United States)] [Pollution Control and Prevention, Environmental Health Division, Houston Department of Health and Human Services, 7411 Park Place Blvd., Houston, TX 77087 (United States); Li, Jiao, E-mail: jiao.li@rice.edu [Wiess School of Natural Science, Rice University, 6100 Main St., Houston, TX 77005 (United States)] [Wiess School of Natural Science, Rice University, 6100 Main St., Houston, TX 77005 (United States)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Centralized consolidation/recycling center  

SciTech Connect

There are approximately 175 separate locations on the Hanford Site where dangerous waste is accumulated in hundreds of containers according to compatibility. Materials that are designated as waste could be kept from entering the waste stream by establishing collection points for these materials and wastes and then transporting them to a centralized consolidation/recycling center (hereinafter referred to as the consolidation center). Once there the materials would be prepared for offsite recycling. This document discusses the removal of batteries, partially full aerosol cans, and DOP light ballasts from the traditional waste management approach, which eliminates 89 satellite accumulation areas from the Hanford Site (43 for batteries, 33 for aerosols, and 13 for DOP ballasts). Eliminating these 89 satellite accumulation areas would reduce by hundreds the total number of containers shipped offsite as hazardous waste (due to the increase in containers when the wastes that are accumulated are segregated according to compatibility for final shipment). This new approach is in line with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA) draft Universal Waste Rules for these {open_quotes}nuisance{close_quotes} and common waste streams. Additionally, future reviews of other types of wastes that can be handled in this less restrictive and more cost-effective manner will occur as part of daily operations at the consolidation center. The Hanford Site has been identified as a laboratory for reinventing government by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Hazel O`Leary, and as a demonstration zone where {open_quotes}innovative ideas, processes and technologies can be created, tested and demonstrated.{close_quotes} Additionally, DOE, EPA, and the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) have agreed to cut Hanford cleanup costs by $1 billion over a 5-year period.

St. Georges, L.T. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Poor, A.D.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Heterogeneous Recycling in Fast Reactors  

SciTech Connect

Current sodium fast reactor (SFR) designs have avoided the use of depleted uranium blankets over concerns of creating weapons grade plutonium. While reducing proliferation risks, this restrains the reactor design space considerably. This project will analyze various blanket and transmutation target configurations that could broaden the design space while still addressing the non-proliferation issues. The blanket designs will be assessed based on the transmutation efficiency of key minor actinide (MA) isotopes and also on mitigation of associated proliferation risks. This study will also evaluate SFR core performance under different scenarios in which depleted uranium blankets are modified to include minor actinides with or without moderators (e.g. BeO, MgO, B4C, and hydrides). This will be done in an effort to increase the sustainability of the reactor and increase its power density while still offering a proliferation resistant design with the capability of burning MA waste produced from light water reactors (LWRs). Researchers will also analyze the use of recycled (as opposed to depleted) uranium in the blankets. The various designs will compare MA transmutation efficiency, plutonium breeding characteristics, proliferation risk, shutdown margins and reactivity coefficients with a current reference sodium fast reactor design employing homogeneous recycling. The team will also evaluate the out-of-core accumulation and/or burn-down rates of MAs and plutonium isotopes on a cycle-by-cycle basis. This cycle-by-cycle information will be produced in a format readily usable by the fuel cycle systems analysis code, VISION, for assessment of the sustainability of the deployment scenarios.

Dr. Benoit Forget; Michael Pope; Piet, Steven J.; Michael Driscoll

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

290

RECYCLING COORDINATOR GRADUATE ASSISTANTSHIP University of Nebraska--Lincoln Landscape Services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RECYCLING COORDINATOR GRADUATE ASSISTANTSHIP University of Nebraska--Lincoln Landscape Services, implementing and maintaining recycling on campus. Assist in annual recycler's survey; tracking of recycling drop- off program; assist in market research for selected recycled materials; assist in developing

Farritor, Shane

291

Mexico: The Premier Oil Discovery in the Western Hemisphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the poten-tial petroleum structures Pemex...replacing oil imports from OPEC with imports from Mexico...United States imports, although not...produce more oil and export it northward...asked Communist China for a nuclear...

WILLIAM D. METZ

1978-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

292

To Recycle or Not to Recycle: That Is the Question - Insights from Life-Cycle Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MRS BULLETIN MRS BULLETIN * VOLUME 37 * APRIL 2012 * www.mrs.org/bulletin © 2012 Materials Research Society MANUFACTURING * RECYCLING Why recycle? The most commonly stated reason for recycling is to reduce burdens associated with the disposal of our never-ending stream of wastes. Waste disposal potentially causes air and water pollution and is costly; moreover, landfi lls compete with other land uses. In addition, recycling can extend our supply of materials to alleviate scarcity and to moderate rising prices of raw materials. Furthermore, recycling is often more environmentally benign than using virgin raw materials and can reduce energy use and emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants. Life-cycle analysis Despite these positive attributes, not all recycling processes

293

Water issues associated with heavy oil production.  

SciTech Connect

Crude oil occurs in many different forms throughout the world. An important characteristic of crude oil that affects the ease with which it can be produced is its density and viscosity. Lighter crude oil typically can be produced more easily and at lower cost than heavier crude oil. Historically, much of the nation's oil supply came from domestic or international light or medium crude oil sources. California's extensive heavy oil production for more than a century is a notable exception. Oil and gas companies are actively looking toward heavier crude oil sources to help meet demands and to take advantage of large heavy oil reserves located in North and South America. Heavy oil includes very viscous oil resources like those found in some fields in California and Venezuela, oil shale, and tar sands (called oil sands in Canada). These are described in more detail in the next chapter. Water is integrally associated with conventional oil production. Produced water is the largest byproduct associated with oil production. The cost of managing large volumes of produced water is an important component of the overall cost of producing oil. Most mature oil fields rely on injected water to maintain formation pressure during production. The processes involved with heavy oil production often require external water supplies for steam generation, washing, and other steps. While some heavy oil processes generate produced water, others generate different types of industrial wastewater. Management and disposition of the wastewater presents challenges and costs for the operators. This report describes water requirements relating to heavy oil production and potential sources for that water. The report also describes how water is used and the resulting water quality impacts associated with heavy oil production.

Veil, J. A.; Quinn, J. J.; Environmental Science Division

2008-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

294

Peak Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At the start of the new millennium, the expression “Peak Oil” was unknown. Nevertheless, a discussion about when the world’s rate of oil production would reach its maximum had already ... . King Hubbert presented...

Kjell Aleklett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Peak Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Between 2000 and 2010, world oil prices advanced from approximately $25 per barrel to more than $100 per barrel. The price appreciation of oil over the decade was around ten times the rate of inflation.

Robert Rapier

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Cellubrevin-targeted Fluorescence Uncovers Heterogeneity in the Recycling Endosomes*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cellubrevin-targeted Fluorescence Uncovers Heterogeneity in the Recycling Endosomes* (Received, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-3200 The pH and trafficking of recycling endosomes have-enriched recycling endosomes (pHCb) and FITC-transferrin to measure the pH of transferrin- enriched recycling

Machen, Terry E.

297

Recycling Realities: ASU's Quest for Zero Solid Waste  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recycling Realities: ASU's Quest for Zero Solid Waste Dawn RatcliffePast Recycling Coordinator Alana LevineRecycling Program Manager For the last 16 years, Dawn Ratcliffe has worked and volunteered in the sustainability and animal-advocacy fields. She has organized several Earth Day events, recycling events

Zhang, Junshan

298

oil-emulsion (rotary) drilling fluid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

oil-emulsion (rotary) drilling fluid, oil-emulsion fluid [Used where low fluid-loss, very thin cake, and good lubrication of the drill pipe are of primary importance, such as in directional drilling ...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Oil prices and the developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many of the present difficulties of the world economy have been blamed on the two oil-price explosions of the 1970s. Professor Chichilnisky shows ... , at least in the case of the oil-importing developing countri...

Graciela Chichilnisky

300

Testing of advanced liquefaction concepts in HTI Run ALC-1: Coal cleaning and recycle solvent treatment  

SciTech Connect

In 1991, the Department of Energy initiated the Advanced Liquefaction Concepts Program to promote the development of new and emerging technology that has potential to reduce the cost of producing liquid fuels by direct coal liquefaction. Laboratory research performed by researchers at CAER, CONSOL, Sandia, and LDP Associates in Phase I is being developed further and tested at the bench scale at HTI. HTI Run ALC-1, conducted in the spring of 1996, was the first of four planned tests. In Run ALC-1, feed coal ash reduction (coal cleaning) by oil agglomeration, and recycle solvent quality improvement through dewaxing and hydrotreatment of the recycle distillate were evaluated. HTI`s bench liquefaction Run ALC-1 consisted of 25 days of operation. Major accomplishments were: 1) oil agglomeration reduced the ash content of Black Thunder Mine coal by 40%, from 5.5% to 3.3%; 2) excellent coal conversion of 98% was obtained with oil agglomerated coal, about 3% higher than the raw Black Thunder Mine coal, increasing the potential product yield by 2-3% on an MAF coal basis; 3) agglomerates were liquefied with no handling problems; 4) fresh catalyst make-up rate was decreased by 30%, with no apparent detrimental operating characteristics, both when agglomerates were fed and when raw coal was fed (with solvent dewaxing and hydrotreating); 5) recycle solvent treatment by dewaxing and hydrotreating was demonstrated, but steady-state operation was not achieved; and 6) there was some success in achieving extinction recycle of the heaviest liquid products. Performance data have not been finalized; they will be available for full evaluation in the new future.

Robbins, G.A.; Winschel, R.A.; Burke, F.P. [CONSOL, Inc., Library, PA (United States). Research and Development Dept.] [CONSOL, Inc., Library, PA (United States). Research and Development Dept.; Derbyshire, F.L.; Givens, E.N. [Kentucky Univ., Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Applied Energy Research] [Kentucky Univ., Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Applied Energy Research; Hu, J.; Lee, T.L.K. [Hydrocarbon Research, Inc., Lawrenceville, NJ (United States)] [Hydrocarbon Research, Inc., Lawrenceville, NJ (United States); Miller, J.E.; Stephens, H.P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Peluso, M. [LDP Associates, Hamilton Square, NJ (United States)] [LDP Associates, Hamilton Square, NJ (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

imports | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1 1 Varnish cache server imports Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is Table 146, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses million barrels per day. The data is broken down into crude oil, light refined products and heavy refined products. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA imports liquids Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Imported Liquids by Source- Reference Case (xls, 85.2 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

302

LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals Lab demolition projects under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act have recovered more than 136 tons of recyclable metal since work began last year. March 8, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

303

Brickyard Recycling Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Recycling Biomass Facility Recycling Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Brickyard Recycling Biomass Facility Facility Brickyard Recycling Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Vermilion County, Illinois Coordinates 40.122469°, -87.697554° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.122469,"lon":-87.697554,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

304

Bayshore Recycling Solar Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bayshore Recycling Solar Project Bayshore Recycling Solar Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Bayshore Recycling Solar Project Facility Bayshore Recycling Solar Project Sector Solar Facility Type Roof-mount Owner EnXco Developer EnXco Location Keasbey, New Jersey Coordinates 40.51667°, -74.30556° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.51667,"lon":-74.30556,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

305

RecycleBank | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RecycleBank RecycleBank Jump to: navigation, search Logo: RecycleBank Name RecycleBank Address 95 Morton Street Place New York, New York Sector Efficiency Number of employees 51-200 Website http://www.recyclebank.com/ Coordinates 40.731373°, -74.008584° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.731373,"lon":-74.008584,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

306

Renewable, Recycled and Conserved Energy Objective  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In February 2008, South Dakota enacted legislation (HB 1123) establishing an objective that 10% of all retail electricity sales in the state be obtained from renewable and recycled energy by 2015....

307

Enhanced Photon Recycling in Multijunction Solar Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a nd J .A. R ogers, " Device A rchitectures f or E nhanced Photon Recycling in Thin---Film MulQjuncQon Solar Cells." Adv. Energy M ater. (2014). DOI: 1 0.1002aenm.201400919...

308

Mervento 3.6-118 Recycling Rate.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??My Bachelor’s thesis work has been to make an investigation of the recycling rate of Mervento Oy's new wind turbine Mervento 3.6-118. The study has… (more)

Forsman, Andreas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

printed on recycled paper INDUSTRIAL ASSESSMENT CENTER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

printed on recycled paper INDUSTRIAL ASSESSMENT CENTER ENERGY EFFICIENCY, POLLUTION PREVENTION ASSESSMENT REPORT FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY, POLLUTION PREVENTION, AND PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT No. CO0999 ASSESSMENT DATE: February 29, 2000 LOCATION: ______, Colorado PRINCIPAL PRODUCTS: Injection molded plastic

310

Generalized teleportation and entanglement recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce new teleportation protocols which are generalizations of the original teleportation protocols that use the Pauli group [Bennett, et al. Physical Review Letters, 70(13) 1895-1899] and the port-based teleportation protocols, introduced by Hiroshima and Ishizaka [Physical Review Letters, 101(24) 240501], that use the symmetric permutation group. We derive sufficient condition for a set of operations, which in general need not form a group, to give rise to a teleportation protocol and provide examples of such schemes. This generalization leads to protocols with novel properties and is needed to push forward new schemes of computation based on them. Port-based teleportation protocols and our generalizations use a large resource state consisting of N singlets to teleport only a single qubit state reliably. We provide two distinct protocols which recycle the resource state to teleport multiple states with error linearly increasing with their number. The first protocol consists of sequentially teleporting qubit states, and the second teleports them in a bulk.

Sergii Strelchuk; Micha? Horodecki; Jonathan Oppenheim

2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

311

FSC-Watch: FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FSC-Watch: FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming FSC-Watch FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming Tags: Canada, Recycling, Certifier conflict of interest undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming in Pine Falls to manufacture paper with some

312

DWPF RECYCLE EVAPORATOR FLOWSHEET EVALUATION (U)  

SciTech Connect

The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) converts the high level waste slurries stored at the Savannah River Site into borosilicate glass for long-term storage. The vitrification process results in the generation of approximately five gallons of dilute recycle streams for each gallon of waste slurry vitrified. This dilute recycle stream is currently transferred to the H-area Tank Farm and amounts to approximately 1,400,000 gallons of effluent per year. Process changes to incorporate salt waste could increase the amount of effluent to approximately 2,900,000 gallons per year. The recycle consists of two major streams and four smaller streams. The first major recycle stream is condensate from the Chemical Process Cell (CPC), and is collected in the Slurry Mix Evaporator Condensate Tank (SMECT). The second major recycle stream is the melter offgas which is collected in the Off Gas Condensate Tank (OGCT). The four smaller streams are the sample flushes, sump flushes, decon solution, and High Efficiency Mist Eliminator (HEME) dissolution solution. These streams are collected in the Decontamination Waste Treatment Tank (DWTT) or the Recycle Collection Tank (RCT). All recycle streams are currently combined in the RCT and treated with sodium nitrite and sodium hydroxide prior to transfer to the tank farm. Tank Farm space limitations and previous outages in the 2H Evaporator system due to deposition of sodium alumino-silicates have led to evaluation of alternative methods of dealing with the DWPF recycle. One option identified for processing the recycle was a dedicated evaporator to concentrate the recycle stream to allow the solids to be recycled to the DWPF Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) and the condensate from this evaporation process to be sent and treated in the Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP). In order to meet process objectives, the recycle stream must be concentrated to 1/30th of the feed volume during the evaporation process. The concentrated stream must be pumpable to the DWPF SRAT vessel and should not precipitate solids to avoid fouling the evaporator vessel and heat transfer coils. The evaporation process must not generate excessive foam and must have a high Decontamination Factor (DF) for many species in the evaporator feed to allow the condensate to be transferred to the ETP. An initial scoping study was completed in 2001 to evaluate the feasibility of the evaporator which concluded that the concentration objectives could be met. This initial study was based on initial estimates of recycle concentration and was based solely on OLI modeling of the evaporation process. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has completed additional studies using simulated recycle streams and OLI{reg_sign} simulations. Based on this work, the proposed flowsheet for the recycle evaporator was evaluated for feasibility, evaporator design considerations, and impact on the DWPF process. This work was in accordance with guidance from DWPF-E and was performed in accordance with the Technical Task and Quality Assurance Plan.

Stone, M

2005-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

313

Closed-loop study of the effects of multicycle re-refining of automotive lubricating oil  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-five gallons of a hydrofinished virgin lubricating oil basestock was blended with additives into a 10W30 crankcase oil. After the engines had been pruged with a flush oil, 11 vehicles were charged with the blended virgin oil. Mileages ranging from 2000 to over 3000 miles of use were accumulated before the oil was drained, re-refined and recharged to the vehicles. This cycle was repeated until the oil had been re-refined three times. At each stage, detailed analyses and compound characterizations were performed on both the oil being recycled and on the same oil which was re-refined but never charged to vehicles. The data showed no significant change in the composition of the base oil, except for a minor buildup of additive base oil, which was expected.

Reynolds, J.W.; Goetzinger, J.W.; Cotton, F.O.; Brinkman, D.W.; Whisman, M.L.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Catalytic two-stage coal hydrogenation process using extinction recycle of heavy liquid fraction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for catalytic two-stage hydrogenation and liquefaction of coal with selective extinction recycle of all heavy liquid fractions boiling above a distillation cut point of about 600--750 F to produce increased yields of low-boiling hydrocarbon liquid and gas products. In the process, the particulate coal feed is slurried with a process-derived liquid solvent normally boiling above about 650 F and fed into a first stage catalytic reaction zone operated at conditions which promote controlled rate liquefaction of the coal, while simultaneously hydrogenating the hydrocarbon recycle oils. The first stage reactor is maintained at 710--800 F temperature, 1,000--4,000 psig hydrogen partial pressure, and 10-90 lb/hr per ft[sup 3] catalyst space velocity. Partially hydrogenated material withdrawn from the first stage reaction zone is passed directly to the second stage catalytic reaction zone maintained at 760--860 F temperature for further hydrogenation and hydroconversion reactions. A 600--750 F[sup +] fraction containing 0--20 W % unreacted coal and ash solids is recycled to the coal slurrying step. If desired, the cut point lower boiling fraction can be further catalytically hydrotreated. By this process, the coal feed is successively catalytically hydrogenated and hydroconverted at selected conditions, to provide significantly increased yields of desirable low-boiling hydrocarbon liquid products and minimal production of hydrocarbon gases, and no net production of undesirable heavy oils and residuum materials. 2 figs.

MacArthur, J.B.; Comolli, A.G.; McLean, J.B.

1989-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

315

Electroless nickel recycling via electrodialysis  

SciTech Connect

Electroless nickel is widely used in the metal finishing industry as a coating. It plates evenly on a variety of surfaces and replicates or enhances the surface finish. It has high hardness and good corrosion resistance and machinability. However, its bath life is limited and it has a tendency to spontaneously plate out on the tank and associated equipment. These problems add to the cost per unit component plated. Also, expensive waste treatment is required before users can dispose of the spent solution. Electroless nickel`s limited bath life is inherent in its chemical make-up. Using hypophosphite as the reducing agent for the nickel ion generates by-products of nickel metal and orthophosphite. When the level of orthophosphite in the solution reaches a high concentration, the reaction slows and finally stops. The bath must be disposed of, and its treatment and replacement costs are high. Metal salts have a tendency to plate out because of the dissolved solids present, and this also makes it necessary to discard the bath. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has conducted a study of an electrodialysis process that can reduce both chemical purchases and disposal costs. Electrodialysis employs a membrane, deionized water, and an electromotive potential to separate the orthophosphite and other dissolved solids from the nickel ions. With the aid of the electromotive potential, the dissolved solids migrate across the membrane from the process solution into the water in the recycling unit`s holding cell. This migration lowers the total dissolved solids (TDS) in the process solution and improves plating performance. The dialysis process makes it possible to reuse the bath many times without disposal.

Steffani, C.; Meltzer, M.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Energy implications of recycling packaging materials  

SciTech Connect

In 1992, Congress sought to rewrite the United States comprehensive solid waste legislation -- the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Commodity-specific recycling rates were proposed for consumer-goods packaging materials and newsprint We compare the impacts on energy, materials use, and landfill volume of recycling at those rates to the impacts for alternative methods of material disposition to determine the optimum for each material. After products have served their intended uses, there are several alternative paths for material disposition. These include reuse, recycling to the same product, recycling to a lower-valued product, combustion for energy recovery, incineration without energy recovery, and landfill. Only options considered to be environmentally sound are Included. Both houses of Congress specifically excluded combustion for energy recovery from counting towards the recovery goats, probably because combustion is viewed as a form of disposal and is therefore assumed to waste resources and have n environmental effects. However, co-combustion in coal-fired plants or combustion in appropriately pollution-controlled waste-to-energy plants Is safe, avoids landfill costs, and can displace fossil fuels. In some cases, more fossil fuels can be displaced by combustion than by recycling. We compare the alternative life-cycle energies to the energies for producing the products from virgin materials. Results depend on the material and on the objective to be achieved. There are trade-offs among possible goals. For instance, paper packaging recycling conserves trees but may require greater fossil-fuel input than virgin production. Therefore, the objectives for proposed legislation must be examined to see whether they can most effectively be achieved by mandated recycling rates or by other methods of disposition. The optimal choices for the United States may not necessarily be the same as those for Europe and other parts of the world.

Gaines, L.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Stodolsky, F. [Argonne National Lab., Washington, DC (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Rheological properties of heavy oils and heavy oil emulsions  

SciTech Connect

In this study, the author investigated the effects of a number of process variables such as shear rate, measurement temperature, pressure, the influence of pretreatment, and the role of various amounts of added water on the rheology of the resulting heavy oil or the emulsion. Rheological properties of heavy oils and the corresponding emulsions are important from transportation and processing standpoints.

Khan, M.R. [Texaco, Inc., Beacon, NY (United States). Fuels and Lubricants Technology Dept.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Feasibility study for the retrofitting of used oil re-refineries to the BETC solvent treatment/distillation process  

SciTech Connect

Federal policy encourages recycle of used oil, but requires that recycling be done in an environmentally sound manner. In order to encourage such recycling the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center of the US Department of Energy has developed the DOE/BETA solvent treatment/distillation re-refining process. The feasibility of retrofitting existing used oil re-refineries to the DOE/BETC process has been studied in this work. Twelve potential sites were chosen from almost 300 firms thought to be interested in re-refining technology. Three of these twelve sites have been recommended as prime candidates.

Weinstein, N.J.; Brinkman, D.W.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

AEO Early Release 2013 - oil  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Growing U.S. oil output and rising vehicle fuel economy to cut Growing U.S. oil output and rising vehicle fuel economy to cut U.S. reliance on foreign oil The United States is expected to continue cutting its dependence on petroleum and liquid fuels imports over the rest of this decade because of growing domestic crude oil production and more fuel-efficient vehicles on America's highways. The new long-term outlook from the U.S. Energy Information Administration shows America's dependence on imported petroleum and liquid fuels will decline from 45 percent of domestic demand last year to 34 percent by 2019. U.S. dependence on imported oil had reached 60 percent as recently as 2005. EIA Administrator Adam Sieminski explains: "The United States will be able to meet more of its own energy needs because of two key

320

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #341: October 11, 2004 Tire Recycling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: October 11, 1: October 11, 2004 Tire Recycling to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #341: October 11, 2004 Tire Recycling on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #341: October 11, 2004 Tire Recycling on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #341: October 11, 2004 Tire Recycling on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #341: October 11, 2004 Tire Recycling on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #341: October 11, 2004 Tire Recycling on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #341: October 11, 2004 Tire Recycling on AddThis.com... Fact #341: October 11, 2004 Tire Recycling In 2001, the United States generated 281 million scrap tires. Nearly 78% of those scrap tires were reused, recycled, or recovered; that is a dramatic

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Photo Courtesy of Carlsbad Water Distict Economic Evaluation for Water Recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-i- Photo Courtesy of Carlsbad Water Distict Economic Evaluation for Water Recycling In Urban Areas........................................................................................................................................... 4 BENEFICIAL USES OF RECYCLED WATER................................................................................................ 5 MOTIVATIONS FOR RECYCLED WATER USE

Lund, Jay R.

322

The use of NTA and EDTA for lead phytoextraction from soil from a battery recycling site  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are lead mining, lead smelting and battery recycling.Areas near Pb recycling facilities may be enriched bysoil with lead. A battery recycling site is a location where

Freitas, Eriberto; Nascimento, Clistenes; Silva, Airon

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor 309 B-Roll | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor 309 B-Roll Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor 309 B-Roll Addthis Description Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor 309 B-Roll...

324

Experimental study of lube oil characteristics in the PCV system and effects on engine oil consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engine oil consumption is an important source of hydrocarbon and particulate emissions in modem automobile engines. Great efforts have been made by automotive manufacturers to minimize the impact of oil consumption on ...

Lopez, Oscar, 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Collection and recycling of electronic scrap: A worldwide overview and comparison with the Brazilian situation  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Review of the different e-waste collection systems and recycling processes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We present the e-waste collection systems used in Europe and in the US. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We present e-waste collection systems used in Asia and Latin America. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer E-waste management between developed and developing countries is very different. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We made a comparison of the world situation to the current Brazilian reality. - Abstract: Recycling and the related issue of sustainable development are increasing in importance around the world. In Brazil, the new National Policy on Solid Wastes has prompted discussion on the future of electronic waste (e-waste). Over the last 10 years, different e-waste collection systems and recycling processes have been applied globally. This paper presents the systems used in different countries and compares the world situation to the current Brazilian reality. To establish a recycling process, it is necessary to organize efficient collection management. The main difficulty associated with the implementation of e-waste recycling processes in Brazil is the collection system, as its efficiency depends not only on the education and cooperation of the people but also on cooperation among industrial waste generators, distributors and the government. Over half a million waste pickers have been reported in Brazil and they are responsible for the success of metal scrap collection in the country. The country also has close to 2400 companies and cooperatives involved in recycling and scrap trading. On the other hand, the collection and recycling of e-waste is still incipient because e-wastes are not seen as valuable in the informal sector. The Brazilian challenge is therefore to organize a system of e-waste management including the informal sector without neglecting environmentally sound management principles.

Reis de Oliveira, Camila, E-mail: Camilareis.oliveira@hotmail.com [Instituto de Quimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Av. Bento Goncalves 9500, 91501-970, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Moura Bernardes, Andrea, E-mail: amb@ufrgs.br [Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia de Minas, Metalurgica e de Materiais (PPGE3M) and Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Gerbase, Annelise Engel, E-mail: agerbase@ufrgs.br [Instituto de Quimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Av. Bento Goncalves 9500, 91501-970, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

Recycled Energy Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Recycled Energy Development Recycled Energy Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Recycled Energy Development Place Westmont, Illinois Zip 60559 Product RED acquires industrial utility plants and then builds and installs waste energy capture and combined heat and power systems. Coordinates 40.316095°, -78.956753° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.316095,"lon":-78.956753,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

327

International Oil Supplies and Demands  

SciTech Connect

The eleventh Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) working group met four times over the 1989--90 period to compare alternative perspectives on international oil supplies and demands through 2010 and to discuss how alternative supply and demand trends influence the world's dependence upon Middle Eastern oil. Proprietors of eleven economic models of the world oil market used their respective models to simulate a dozen scenarios using standardized assumptions. From its inception, the study was not designed to focus on the short-run impacts of disruptions on oil markets. Nor did the working group attempt to provide a forecast or just a single view of the likely future path for oil prices. The model results guided the group's thinking about many important longer-run market relationships and helped to identify differences of opinion about future oil supplies, demands, and dependence.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

International Oil Supplies and Demands  

SciTech Connect

The eleventh Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) working group met four times over the 1989--1990 period to compare alternative perspectives on international oil supplies and demands through 2010 and to discuss how alternative supply and demand trends influence the world's dependence upon Middle Eastern oil. Proprietors of eleven economic models of the world oil market used their respective models to simulate a dozen scenarios using standardized assumptions. From its inception, the study was not designed to focus on the short-run impacts of disruptions on oil markets. Nor did the working group attempt to provide a forecast or just a single view of the likely future path for oil prices. The model results guided the group's thinking about many important longer-run market relationships and helped to identify differences of opinion about future oil supplies, demands, and dependence.

Not Available

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

EXPERIMENT AND NEURAL NETWORK MODEL OF PRIMARY FRAGMENTATION OF OIL SHALE IN FLUIDIZED BED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the fluidized bed temperature is an important factor of primary fragmentation of oil shale, and

Zhigang Cui; Xiangxin Han; Xiumin Jiang; Jianguo Liu

330

Relationship between composition and performance of asphalt recycling agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research was aimed at determining the effects of recycling agent composition on the performance of recycled asphalt with aging. To accomplish this, five experiments were performed, in which blends were produced with controlled compositions...

Peterson, Gerald Dean

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Ion Exchange for the Recycling of Wastewater Constituents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recycling or the constituents of wastewater requires efficient and cheap separation methods. Pollutants ... removed in a concentrated form to facilitate their recycling. Similarly, the raw water must be ... has a...

Brian Bolto; Lucjan Pawlowski

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Waste Toolkit A-Z Can I recycle paper cups?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Grundon recycling boxes. Do not leave dregs of drink in them, as this will contaminate the recycling box) www.pefc.co.uk FSC Forest Stewardship Council www.fsc.org Contact University Environmental

Melham, Tom

333

Breakout Session: Getting in the Loop: PV Hardware Recycling...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Getting in the Loop: PV Hardware Recycling and Sustainability Breakout Session: Getting in the Loop: PV Hardware Recycling and Sustainability May 21, 2014 6:30PM to 7:30PM PDT...

334

Impact of hybrid and electric vehicles on automobile recycling infrastructure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recycling infrastructure for end-of-use vehicles in the United States is driven by profitability due to the absence of regulations. Typically, the recycling consists of removing reusable components for resale and shredding and separating remaining ...

Deogratias Kibira; Sanjay Jain

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

DOE to Purchase Heating Oil for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Purchase Heating Oil for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Purchase Heating Oil for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve DOE to Purchase Heating Oil for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve June 23, 2008 - 1:29pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today issued a solicitation seeking to purchase heating oil for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR) using $3 million in appropriated funds. The Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve provides an important safety cushion for millions of Americans residing in the Northeast region of the country. Due to the modest volume of heating oil expected to be purchased with the available funds, no impact on market prices is expected. In 2007 a 35,000 barrel sale was conducted to raise funds necessary to award new long-term storage contracts to fill NEHHOR to its authorized

336

Nuclear fuel recycling in 4 minutes | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear fuel recycling in 4 minutes Share Topic Energy Energy sources Nuclear energy Nuclear fuel cycle Reactors...

337

The economics of cell phone reuse and recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from obsolete handsets without batteries and accessories.recycling agents remove the batteries, which have their own

Geyer, Roland; Doctori Blass, Vered

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Microbial Fuel Cells for Recycle of Process Water from Cellulosic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to improve ethanol process economics in biorefineries Decreased water consumption Enables wastewater recycling Electricity or hydrogen generation Inexpensive Versatile Applications...

339

Studies on reaction runaways for Urex/Purex solvent-nitric acid and red-oil synthesis  

SciTech Connect

In PUREX/UREX processes for recycling of spent nuclear fuels, 30% TBP solvent is used, This solvent has a small solubility in the aqueous phase. During concentration of the process solutions by an evaporation route, a runaway reaction between TBP and nitric acid is initiated at above 130 deg. C, leading to rapid pressurization and finally containment failure if proper venting is not provided. Red oil was synthesized for the first time in India, and its physical properties as well as thermodynamic parameters for the reaction were determined. It was experimentally established that the presence of metallic nitrates was not essential for red-oil formation as thought earlier. Various experiments have been completed for single-phase as well as two-phase runs. The most important finding of this work was lowering of the limiting acid concentration from the conventional values. In fact, in these experiments, red oil could be formed even at 2 N aqueous acidity. Thus, safety guidelines based on the classical literature are obsolete. New guidelines for the red-oil-safety are required. (authors)

Kumar, Shekhar; Kumar, Rajnish; Koganti, S.B. [Reprocessing R and D Division, Reprocessing Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102 (India)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Correction magnets for the Fermilab Recycler Ring  

SciTech Connect

In the commissioning of the Fermilab Recycler ring the need for higher order corrector magnets in the regions near beam transfers was discovered. Three types of permanent magnet skew quadrupoles, and two types of permanent magnet sextupoles were designed and built. This paper describes the need for these magnets, the design, assembly, and magnetic measurements.

James T Volk et al.

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Plastic bottles > Remove lids (not recyclable)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plastic bottles Please: > Remove lids (not recyclable) > Empty bottles > Rinse milk bottles, & other bottles if possible > Squash bottles www.st-andrews.ac.uk/estates/environment All types of plastic bottle accepted Clear, opaque and coloured bottles Labels can remain on X No plastic bags X No plastics

Brierley, Andrew

342

8. Has recycled ber been used appropriately?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,788,008North and Central America 33,246,500 45,945,000 47,806,928 38%** 2,417,000South America 2,665,000 4. Recovery rate is 62.6% if including European recovered paper recycled in third countries. ** North America

343

Recycling, production and use of reprocessed rubbers  

SciTech Connect

This article examines the various methods used to produce recycled rubber and to compare their characteristics and application. The topics discussed include reclaiming by chemical digestion, devulcanization by the severing of sulfur bonds, ambient temperature and cryogenically ground rubber, processing and mixing of ground rubber, and properties of reclaimed rubbers by reclamation method.

Klingensmith, B. (Akron Rubber Consulting, OH (United States))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Temperature-gradient calendering of recycled boxboard  

SciTech Connect

In this study, the TG calendering technique was applied to multi-ply boxboard samples made from 100% recycled fibers. The effects of the following three calendering techniques on the surface properties and bulk of the board are investigated: conventional calendering, two-sided TG calendering, and one-sided TG calendering.

Gratton, M.F. (Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada, Pointe Claire, Que. (CA))

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION FOR THE AUTOMOBILE RECYCLING INDUSTRY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- Best Management Practices Volume 2- Technical Pollution Prevention Guide Volume 3- Code of Practice DOE 224 West Esplanade North Vancouver, B.C. Vm3H7 #12;BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE AUTO RECYCLING volumes, including the Best Management Practices, Technical Pollution Prevention Guide, and Code

346

"Maximum recycling of Material and Energy, Minimum of Landfilling"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in "Recycling". "Waste-to-Energy" is now defined as Recycling, when energy efficiency is > 0,65 Prevention Reuse Recycling and Waste-to Energy? #12;6 European Policies on Landfill Ban The EU Landfill Directive The amount Ban decided upon in 2000, in force in 2005. A very strong effect, with a strong increase of Waste-to-Energy

Columbia University

347

2014 International and Western States In-Place Recycling Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2014 International and Western States In-Place Recycling Conference August 5­7, 2014 Denver and the road to revitalizing in-place recycling technologies. · Join this prestigious forum especially designed/research agencies to discuss the status of in-place recycling. · Experience what we know today for each form of in

348

Development/Plasticity/Repair Identification of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development/Plasticity/Repair Identification of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Recycling and Its, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 In the CNS, receptor recycling is critical for synaptic plasticity; however, the recycling of receptors has never been observed at peripheral synapses. Using a novel

Alford, Simon

349

Using OWL Ontologies Selective Waste Sorting and Recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using OWL Ontologies for Selective Waste Sorting and Recycling Arnab Sinha and Paul Couderc INRIA for better recycling of materials. Our motive for using ontologies is for representing and rea- soning, recyclable materials, N-ary relations 1 Introduction Today Pervasive computing is gradually entering people

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

350

Pesticide Container Recycling "It's Just The Right Thing To Do!"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pesticide Container Recycling "It's Just The Right Thing To Do!" Some of you may recall that when I Container Recycling Programs in counties around the state. Highlands County was one of the first counties to establish a Pesticide Container Recycling Collection Center (which is still in operation). I set up twenty

Jawitz, James W.

351

Recycling Computed Answers in Rewrite Systems for Abduction Fangzhen Lin #  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recycling Computed Answers in Rewrite Systems for Abduction Fangzhen Lin # http computed answers can be recycled arises. A yes answer could result in sub­ stantial savings of repeated tends to be­ lieve that the answer should be no, since recycling is a form of adding information

Wu, Dekai

352

Production and recycling of oceanic crust in the early Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 6 Production and recycling of oceanic crust in the early Earth Abstract Because in the production and recycling of oceanic crust: (1) Small scale (x · 100km) convection involving the lower crust have been different from those in the present-day Earth. Crustal recycling must however have taken

van Thienen, Peter

353

Archetypes: Durer's Rhino and the Recycling of Images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 17 Archetypes: D¨urer's Rhino and the Recycling of Images 17.1 Introduction: Aref's Rule Rule-of-Thumb 5 (Aref's Rule) Never publish the same graph more than once. As we shall below, recycling illustrate when recycling of previously published images is good, and also when and how it can go

Boyd, John P.

354

Locating a Recycling Center: The General Density Case Jannett Highfill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Locating a Recycling Center: The General Density Case Jannett Highfill Department of Economics) 677-3374. #12;2 Locating a Recycling Center: The General Density Case Abstract: The present paper considers a municipality that has a landfill (fixed in location) and plans to optimally locate a "recycling

Mou, Libin

355

Energy, Greenhouse Gas, and Cost Reductions for Municipal Recycling Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy, Greenhouse Gas, and Cost Reductions for Municipal Recycling Systems ... An evaluation of the energy, greenhouse gas, and costs savings associated with logistics and infrastructure improvements to a curbside recycling program is presented. ... MSW recycling has been found to be costly for most municipalities compared to landfill disposal. ...

Mikhail Chester; Elliot Martin; Nakul Sathaye

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

356

Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Oil Production in Venezuela and Mexico . . . . . . . . . .Oil Production and Productivity in Venezuela and

CAKIR, NIDA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Oil Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .in the Venezuelan Oil Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . .and Productivity: Evidence from the Oil Industry . .

CAKIR, NIDA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Waste Toolkit A-Z Food waste (recycling on-site)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waste Toolkit A-Z Food waste (recycling on-site) How can I recycle food waste on-site? Recycling to be recycled. While this is better than sending waste to landfill, there is a more sustainable way to recycle and parks. See examples of Tidy Planet's customers recycling on-site: www.tidyplanet.co.uk/our-news Short

Melham, Tom

359

Mathematical Modeling for CostMathematical Modeling for Cost Optimization of PV RecyclingOptimization of PV Recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mathematical Modeling for CostMathematical Modeling for Cost Optimization of PV RecyclingOptimization of PV Recycling InfrastructureInfrastructure JunJun--Ki ChoiKi Choi & Vasilis Fthenakis& Vasilis Recycling ­Cost Optimization 1. Where is the optimized location? · Centralized/decentralized collection

360

Solid Waste Reduction, Recovery, and Recycling | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reduction, Recovery, and Recycling Reduction, Recovery, and Recycling Solid Waste Reduction, Recovery, and Recycling < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Natural Resources This statute expresses the strong support of the State of Wisconsin for the reduction of the amount of solid waste generated, the reuse, recycling and composting of solid waste, and resource recovery from solid waste. The statute also notes that research, development and innovation in the design, management and operation of solid waste reduction, reuse, recycling,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Model institutional infrastructures for recycling of photovoltaic modules  

SciTech Connect

How will photovoltaic modules (PVMS) be recycled at the end of their service lives? This question has technological and institutional components (Reaven, 1994a). The technological aspect concerns the physical means of recycling: what advantages and disadvantages of the several existing and emerging mechanical, thermal, and chemical recycling processes and facilities merit consideration? The institutional dimension refers to the arrangements for recycling: what are the operational and financial roles of the parties with an interest in PVM recycling? These parties include PVM manufacturers, trade organizations; distributors, and retailers; residential, commercial, and utility PVM users; waste collectors, transporters, reclaimers, and reclaimers; and governments.

Reaven, S.J.; Moskowitz, P.D.; Fthenakis, V.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

The accumulation of nonylphenol in a wastewater recycling process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mathematical model was developed in this paper to describe the nonylphenol (NP) accumulation in the effluent of a wastewater recycling system. The model quantitatively presented the relationships among the NP concentrations in the raw wastewater and the system effluent, the number of wastewater recycling cycles, the water recycling ratio, the system NP removal efficiency, and the NP accumulation factor. The mathematical model was then verified through experimental modeling of a wastewater recycling process, and it was indicated that the Pearson correlation coefficient between mathematical simulation and experimental modeling results was 0.652. The study results indicated that the NP accumulation factor of a wastewater recycling system would approach a constant for large number of wastewater recycling cycles given the wastewater recycling ratio and system NP removal efficiency. The results also revealed that the NP concentration in the effluent increased with the wastewater recycling ratio given the system NP removal efficiency, and the increase of NP removal efficiency would decrease the NP accumulation in the system effluent under a given wastewater recycling ratio condition. The model was then applied to compute the maximum wastewater recycling ratio, predict reclaimed water quality and direct the design and management of sewage recycling systems in China.

Rui-Xia Hao; Yu-Wen Zhou; Shui-Yuan Cheng; Jian-Bing Li; Man Zhao; Xi Chen; Ning Yao

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Technology Analysis - Battery Recycling and Life Cycle Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling and Life Cycle Analysis Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling and Life Cycle Analysis diagram of the battery recycling life cycle Several types of recycling processes are available, recovering materials usable at different stages of the production cycle- from metallic elements to materials that can be reused directly in new batteries. Recovery closer to final usable form avoids more impact-intensive process steps. Portions courtesy of Umicore, Inc. To identify the potential impacts of the growing market for automotive lithium-ion batteries, Argonne researchers are examining the material demand and recycling issues related to lithium-ion batteries. Research includes: Conducting studies to identify the greenest, most economical recycling processes, Investigating recycling practices to determine how much of which

364

New Choctaw Nation Recycling Center Posts Quick Results | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Choctaw Nation Recycling Center Posts Quick Results New Choctaw Nation Recycling Center Posts Quick Results New Choctaw Nation Recycling Center Posts Quick Results March 8, 2011 - 5:08pm Addthis Albert Bond Project Officer, Golden Field Office What does this mean for me? The Choctaw Nation used approximately $800,000 in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant funding to build a state-of-the-art recycling center and improve stewardship of the land and environment. "If you build it, they will come" ...to recycle. That line from the 1989 film Field of Dreams is as good a way as any to describe how the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma's new regional recycling center is being received. The Choctaw Nation used approximately $800,000 in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant funding to build a state-of-the-art recycling

365

New Choctaw Nation Recycling Center Posts Quick Results | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Choctaw Nation Recycling Center Posts Quick Results Choctaw Nation Recycling Center Posts Quick Results New Choctaw Nation Recycling Center Posts Quick Results March 8, 2011 - 5:08pm Addthis Albert Bond Project Officer, Golden Field Office What does this mean for me? The Choctaw Nation used approximately $800,000 in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant funding to build a state-of-the-art recycling center and improve stewardship of the land and environment. "If you build it, they will come" ...to recycle. That line from the 1989 film Field of Dreams is as good a way as any to describe how the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma's new regional recycling center is being received. The Choctaw Nation used approximately $800,000 in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant funding to build a state-of-the-art recycling

366

Evaluation of engine coolant recycling processes: Part 2  

SciTech Connect

Engine coolant recycling continues to provide solutions to both economic and environmental challenges often faced with the disposal of used engine coolant. General Motors` Service Technology Group (STG), in a continuing effort to validate the general practice of recycling engine coolants, has conducted an in-depth study on the capabilities of recycled coolants. Various recycling processes ranging from complex forms of fractional distillation to simple filtration were evaluated in this study to best represent the current state of coolant recycling technology. This study incorporates both lab and (limited) fleet testing to determine the performance capabilities of the recycled coolants tested. While the results suggest the need for additional studies in this area, they reveal the true capabilities of all types of engine coolant recycling technologies.

Bradley, W.H. [General Motors, Warren, MI (United States). Service Technology Group

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Pressure and Oil Flow in Oil?filled Cables at Load Variations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a method for calculating pressure and oil flow in a section of an oil?filled cable at load variations with due regard to both the hydraulic resistance of the oil canals and the elasticity of the sheath and the pressure armor if any and the compressibility of the oil. The present article restricts itself to cable sections terminated with oil reservoirs in which the pressure is constant; in a forthcoming paper this restriction will be dropped. Formulas are given for pressure oil current and amount of oil which flows through a cross section of the cable for an arbitrarily prescribed oil expansion per unit length. These formulas are applied to the following oil expansion functions: S 0·1 d/dt(N 0·1) e?t/T ·1 and 1/?t·1 which represent the oil expansion or terms occurring in the series giving the oil expansion in some important cases. Generalized functions are plotted for the pressure at the midpoint the oil current at the endpoints and the amount of oil which passes the endpoints for the above mentioned oil expansion functions. Using these generalized functions the calculation of pressure and oil flow with the simplifying assumptions made here is reduced to elementary operations. Numerical examples illustrate the use of the given formulas and curves.

Hans Lottrup Knudsen

1947-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Preliminary report on blending strategies for inert-matrix fuel recycling in LWRs.  

SciTech Connect

Various recycle strategies have been proposed to manage the inventory of transuranics in commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF), with a particular goal of increasing the loading capacity of spent fuel and reprocessing wastes in the Yucca Mountain repository. Transuranic recycling in commercial LWRs can be seen as a viable means of slowing the accumulation of transuranics in the nationwide CSNF stockpile. Furthermore, this type of approach is an important first step in demonstrating the benefits of a nuclear fuel cycle which incorporates recycling, such as envisioned for Generation-IV reactor systems under development. Recycling strategies of this sort are not proposed as an attempt to eliminate the need of a geologic nuclear waste repository, but as a means to enhance the usefulness of the repository currently under construction in the U.S., perhaps circumventing the need for a second facility. A US-DOE Secretarial recommendation on the need for the construction of a second geologic repository is required by 2010. The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) has supported a breadth of work to evaluate the ideal transuranic separation and recycle strategy. Previous AFCI studies of LWR-based transmutation have considered the benefits of homogeneously recycling plutonium, plutonium and neptunium, and all transuranic (TRU) species. A study of a wide range of hypothetical separation schemes (Pu, Pu+Np, Pu+Np+Am, etc.) with multi-recycling has also been performed, focusing on the proliferation resistance of the various fuel cycles and fuel handling issues. The direct recycle of the recovered TRU from spent inert-matrix fuel (IMF) into new IMF was found to be quite limited due to the rapid burndown of the fissile plutonium. The IMF is very effective at destroying the fissile fraction of the TRU with destruction rates in excess of 80% of the fissile material without recycling the IMF. Blending strategies have been proposed to mitigate the rapid burndown of the fissile plutonium by mixing high fissile feed from new sources (e.g., spent UO{sub 2} pins) with the low fissile material recovered from the recycled transmutation fuel. The blending of the fuels is anticipated to aid the multi-recycle of the transuranics. A systematic study of blending strategies (for both IMF and MOX) has been initiated and is currently ongoing. This work extends the previous study that considered separation strategies for plutonium, neptunium, and americium recycling in MOX, CORAIL, and IMF{sub 6} by considering blending schemes and approach to continuous recycle. Plutonium and americium are recycled in order to reduce the intermediate term (100 to 1500 years after spent fuel irradiation) decay heat of the disposed waste which accounts for the bulk of the repository heating. Since the long-term released dose from the repository is dominated by neptunium, it is sensible to consume it by transmutation in a reactor, as well. Curium accounts for {approx}0.6% of the TRU mass in spent UO{sub 2} fuel ({approx}0.008% of the heavy metal), but does constitute significantly higher fractions in spent transmutation fuels. This initial evaluation will focus on blending strategies for the multirecycling of Pu+Np+Am. The impact of curium recycle will be investigated as part of the systematic study of blending strategies. The initial study focuses on understanding a simple strategy for IMF recycle and blending. More complex strategies (i.e., heterogeneous assemblies) will be evaluated later in the year, including enriched uranium support options. Currently, a preliminary study of a serial blending strategy has been performed in order to evaluate the impact of blending on the performance of the IMF recycle and to evaluate the potential for continuous or infinite recycle. The continuous recycle of Pu+Np+Am in IMF would allow for complete destruction of all heat contributing actinides in the same LWRs that originally produced them. The only transuranics sent to the repository would be those lost in reprocessing and curium if it is not eventually recycled.

Hoffman, E. A.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

369

Strategic implications for US - Persian Gulf relations on domestic and worldwide oil production for future US oil demand. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. dependence on oil imports is examined in light of current U.S. oil production, its potential for future discoveries, and the availability of oil products form Venezuela, Mexico, and other South American countries. There is no geologic reason why the U.S. cannot continue to replace its reserves consumed annually, continue conservation efforts reducing its import dependence, and shift its foreign oil supply closer to home, i.e., Mexico and South America. Increasing the price of oil domestically ensures continued exploration, and shifting the source of imports reduces the length of SLOC'S carrying critical oil products.

Kaplan, S.S.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Impact and future of heavy oil produciton  

SciTech Connect

Heavy oil resources are becoming increaingly important in meeting world oil demand. Heavy oil accounts for 10% of the worlds current oil production and is anticipated to grow significantly. Recent narrowing of the price margins between light and heavy oil and the development of regional heavy oil markets (production, refining and marketing) have prompted renewed investment in heavy oil. Production of well known heavy oil resources of Canada, Venezuela, United States, and elsewhere throughout the world will be expanded on a project-by-project basis. Custom refineries designed to process these heavy crudes are being expanded. Refined products from these crudes will be cleaner than ever before because of the huge investment. However, heavy oil still remains at a competitive disadvantage due to higher production, transportation and refining have to compete with other investment opportunities available in the industry. Expansion of the U.S. heavy oil industry is no exception. Relaxation of export restrictions on Alaskan North Slope crude has prompted renewed development of California's heavy oil resources. The location, resource volume, and oil properties of the more than 80-billion barrel U.S. heavy oil resource are well known. Our recent studies summarize the constraints on production, define the anticipated impact (volume, location and time frame) of development of U.S. heavy oil resources, and examines the $7-billion investment in refining units (bottoms conversion capacity) required to accommodate increased U.S. heavy oil production. Expansion of Canadian and Venezuelan heavy oil and tar sands production are anticipated to dramatically impact the U.S. petroleum market while displacing some imported Mideast crude.

Olsen, D.K, (National Inst. for Petroleum and Energy Research/BDM-Oklahoma Inc., Bartlesville, OK (United States))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Impact and future of heavy oil produciton  

SciTech Connect

Heavy oil resources are becoming increaingly important in meeting world oil demand. Heavy oil accounts for 10% of the worlds current oil production and is anticipated to grow significantly. Recent narrowing of the price margins between light and heavy oil and the development of regional heavy oil markets (production, refining and marketing) have prompted renewed investment in heavy oil. Production of well known heavy oil resources of Canada, Venezuela, United States, and elsewhere throughout the world will be expanded on a project-by-project basis. Custom refineries designed to process these heavy crudes are being expanded. Refined products from these crudes will be cleaner than ever before because of the huge investment. However, heavy oil still remains at a competitive disadvantage due to higher production, transportation and refining have to compete with other investment opportunities available in the industry. Expansion of the U.S. heavy oil industry is no exception. Relaxation of export restrictions on Alaskan North Slope crude has prompted renewed development of California`s heavy oil resources. The location, resource volume, and oil properties of the more than 80-billion barrel U.S. heavy oil resource are well known. Our recent studies summarize the constraints on production, define the anticipated impact (volume, location and time frame) of development of U.S. heavy oil resources, and examines the $7-billion investment in refining units (bottoms conversion capacity) required to accommodate increased U.S. heavy oil production. Expansion of Canadian and Venezuelan heavy oil and tar sands production are anticipated to dramatically impact the U.S. petroleum market while displacing some imported Mideast crude.

Olsen, D.K, [National Inst. for Petroleum and Energy Research/BDM-Oklahoma Inc., Bartlesville, OK (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

372

Bioconversion of Heavy oil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??70 % of world?s oil reservoirs consist of heavy oil, and as the supply of conventional oil decreases, researchers are searching for new technologies to… (more)

Steinbakk, Sandra

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Recycling of Li-Ion Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Linda Gaines Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory Recycling of Li-Ion Batteries Illinois Sustainable Technology Center University of Illinois We don't want to trade one crisis for another!  Battery material shortages are unlikely - We demonstrated that lithium demand can be met - Recycling mitigates potential scarcity  Life-cycle analysis checks for unforeseen impacts  We need to find something to do with the used materials - Safe - Economical 2 We answer these questions to address material supply issues  How many electric-drive vehicles will be sold in the US and world-wide?  What kind of batteries might they use? - How much lithium would each battery use?  How much lithium would be needed each year?

374

A Ceramic membrane to Recycle Caustic  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A A Ceramic Membrane to Recycle Caustic in Low-Activity Waste Stream Processing The Office of Waste Processing is sponsoring an R&D project with Ceramatec, Inc. to develop a ceramic membrane capable of separating sodium from the Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) stream. The Hanford High-Level Waste (HLW) tanks must be maintained in a caustic environment to inhibit corrosion. Consequently, they contain large quantities of NaOH. Ultimately the HLW will be retrieved, separated into HLW and LAW streams, with both streams being vitrified at the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP). Prior to processing, additional NaOH will be added to the LAW stream to solubilize the alumina, preventing alumina precipitation, but further increasing the NaOH quantity. This project's goal is to separate the sodium from the LAW stream prior to vitrification which will allow the NaOH to be recycled and further

375

Argonne explains nuclear recycling in 4 minutes  

SciTech Connect

Currently, when using nuclear energy only about five percent of the uranium used in a fuel rod gets fissioned for energy; after that, the rods are taken out of the reactor and put into permanent storage. There is a way, however, to use almost all of the uranium in a fuel rod. Recycling used nuclear fuel could produce hundreds of years of energy from just the uranium we've already mined, all of it carbon-free. Problems with older technology put a halt to recycling used nuclear fuel in the United States, but new techniques developed by scientists at Argonne National Laboratory address many of those issues. For more information, visit http://www.anl.gov/energy/nuclear-energy.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Transverse Instabilities in the Fermilab Recycler  

SciTech Connect

Transverse instabilities of the antiproton beam have been observed in the Recycler ring soon after its commissioning. After installation of transverse dampers, the threshold for the instability limit increased significantly but the instability is still found to limit the brightness of the antiprotons extracted from the Recycler for Tevatron shots. In this paper, we describe observations of the instabilities during the extraction process as well as during dedicated studies. The measured instability threshold phase density agrees with the prediction of the rigid beam model within a factor of 2. Also, we conclude that the instability threshold can be significantly lowered for a bunch contained in a narrow and shallow potential well due to effective exclusion of the longitudinal tails from Landau damping.

Prost, L.R.; Burov, A.; Shemyakin, A.; Bhat, C.M.; Crisp, J.; Eddy, N.; /Fermilab

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Argonne explains nuclear recycling in 4 minutes  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Currently, when using nuclear energy only about five percent of the uranium used in a fuel rod gets fissioned for energy; after that, the rods are taken out of the reactor and put into permanent storage. There is a way, however, to use almost all of the uranium in a fuel rod. Recycling used nuclear fuel could produce hundreds of years of energy from just the uranium we've already mined, all of it carbon-free. Problems with older technology put a halt to recycling used nuclear fuel in the United States, but new techniques developed by scientists at Argonne National Laboratory address many of those issues. For more information, visit http://www.anl.gov/energy/nuclear-energy.

None

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

378

Toward a Test of Overall Migration from the Coated Face of a Recycled Paperboard Food Contact Material into Fatty Food Simulants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alternatively, especially for hygroscopic plastics, determination of the water transferred from the olive oil to the plastic may be carried out by means of Karl?Fischer titration (Castle et al., 1992). ... The Draft CEN test conditions for plastic packaging materials and the alternative fatty food simulants (95% ethanol or isooctane) afforded overall migration values for the treated recycled paperboard that are well below the GML for this type of simulants (10 ± 1 mg/dm2). ... The present work is focused on evaluating the suitability of recycling postconsumer agricultural plastic films again for the same use. ...

Miguel Sarria-Vidal; Julia de la Montaña-Miguélez; Jesús Simal-Gándara

1997-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

379

U. S. Military Expenditures to Protect the Use of Persian Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles: Report #15 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Montgomery, Oil Prices, Energy Security, and Import Policy,Of these interests [oil security, regional stability and1992) even implies that oil security is a minor concern. In

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W.D. , 1982. Oil Prices, Energy Security, and Import Policy.of these interests [oil security, regional stability andand even implies that oil security is a minor concern. In

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

UK Oil and Gas Collaborative Doctoral Training Centre For applications to the University of Aberdeen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UK Oil and Gas Collaborative Doctoral Training Centre For applications. IMPORTANT In section 2 Programme The Oil and Gas projects are all being BOX: PUT Oil and Gas CDT and the name of the project you're interested

Levi, Ran

382

of oil yields from enhanced oil recovery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

oil yields from enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and CO oil yields from enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and CO 2 storage capacity in depleted oil reservoirs. The primary goal of the project is to demonstrate that remaining oil can be economically produced using CO 2 -EOR technology in untested areas of the United States. The Citronelle Field appears to be an ideal site for concurrent CO 2 storage and EOR because the field is composed of sandstone reservoirs

383

Fact #563: March 23, 2009 OPEC Petroleum Imports | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

the 1970's, the U.S. imported more petroleum from OPEC than from non-OPEC countries. The oil embargo in the early 1980's changed that. Though the amount of petroleum imports from...

384

Hydrotreating of oil from eastern oil shale  

SciTech Connect

Oil shale provides one of the major fossil energy reserves for the United States. The quantity of reserves in oil shale is less than the quantity in coal, but is much greater (by at least an order of magnitude) than the quantity of crude oil reserves. With so much oil potentially available from oil shale, efforts have been made to develop techniques for its utilization. In these efforts, hydrotreating has proved to be an acceptable technique for upgrading raw shale oil to make usuable products. The present work demonstrated the use of the hydrotreating technique for upgrading an oil from Indiana New Albany oil shale.

Scinta, J.; Garner, J.W.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Important Norwegian crude assays updated  

SciTech Connect

New assays on two important Norwegian North Sea crude oils, Statfjord and Gullfaks, are presented. Both are high-quality, low-sulfur crudes that will yield a full range of good-quality products. All assay data came from industry-standard test procedures. The Statfjord field is the largest in the North Sea. Production started in 1979. Statfjord is a typical North Sea crude, produced from three separate platforms and three separate loading buoys with interconnecting lines. Current production is about 700,000 b/d. Gullfaks is produced from a large field in Block 34/10 of the Norwegian sector of the North Sea production area. Gullfaks crude oil is more biodegraded than other crudes from the region. Biodegradation has removed most of the waxy normal paraffins, resulting in a heavier, more naphthenic and aromatic crude.

Corbett, R.A

1990-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

386

Heavy oil component characterization with multidimensional unilateral NMR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Heavy oil is a complicated mixture and a potential resource and has attracted much attention since the end of last century. It is important to characterize the composition of heavy oil to enhance its recovery ...

Huabing Liu; Lizhi Xiao; Baoxin Guo; Zongfu Zhang; Fangrong Zong…

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Tax effects upon oil field development in Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Important reforms have been made to the oil sector tax code in Venezuela. Given its diversity of oil resources, there was a concern that some resources were not being exploited because of the structure of the tax code. ...

Manzano, Osmel

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Loveland Water and Power - Refrigerator Recycling Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Refrigerator Recycling Program Refrigerator Recycling Program Loveland Water and Power - Refrigerator Recycling Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Maximum Rebate Limit one rebate per account per year Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator and Freezer Recycling: $35 Loveland Water and Power is providing an incentive for its customers to recycle their old refrigerators. Interested customers can call the utility to arrange a time to pick up the old refrigerator. The old refrigerator should be brought outside but remain plugged in so the utility can make it is in working condition. the utility will then take the refrigerator to a recycling facility and issue a $35 bill credit. Other Information

389

Charlotte Green Supply Chain: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Charlotte Green Supply Chain: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Charlotte Green Supply Chain: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Charlotte Green Supply Chain: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle July 30, 2010 - 10:59am Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Three years ago at Sacred Heart grade school in Norfolk, Neb., efforts to recycle were grim. "When I got here, we had no paper recycling program," says Troy Berryman, who is entering his sixth year as principal at Sacred Heart. "A couple years prior, we had a guy park a semi-truck in the parking lot for people to recycle paper." But Berryman says this system did not work out well, as the truck was often locked and papers would be left to blow around in the wind or get wet with rain. Knowing that something must be done, he began to look into the local

390

Recycling Energy Yields Super Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recycling Energy Yields Super Savings Recycling Energy Yields Super Savings Recycling Energy Yields Super Savings April 23, 2010 - 4:34pm Addthis Joshua DeLung Recycling has been part of going green for a long time, but one company is going a step further by actually recycling energy that has already been used to power manufacturing plants. How do they do it? Recycled Energy Development implements proven technologies that help capture wasted heat and increase their energy efficiency. Dick Munson, senior vice president for public affairs at RED, says facilities that undertake such projects are generally able to cut their energy expenses by up to 20 percent. West Virginia Alloys, in Alloy, W.Va., is a silicon manufacturing plant that makes materials that end up in products such as solar cells and computer chips. In 2013, with help from

391

Role of Recycling in the Life Cycle of Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ROLE OF RECYCLING IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF BATTERIES ROLE OF RECYCLING IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF BATTERIES J.L. Sullivan, L. Gaines, and A. Burnham Argonne National Laboratory, Energy Systems Division Keywords: battery, materials, recycling, energy Abstract Over the last few decades, rechargeable battery production has increased substantially. Applications including phones, computers, power tools, power storage, and electric-drive vehicles are either commonplace or will be in the next decade or so. Because advanced rechargeable batteries, like those

392

The Energy Impact of Industrial Recycling and Waste Exchange  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE ENERGY IMPACT OF INDUSTRIAL RECYCLING AND WASTE EXCHANGE W. CURTIS PHILLIPS, SYSTEMS ENGINEER/INDUSTRIAL PROJECT MANAGER, N.C. ENERGY DIVISION, RALEIGH, NC ABSTRACT Recycling and waste exchange, particularly in the industrial sector, has a... products from virgin materials. Process energy reduction possible by recycling is estimated to be as high is 95% for aluminum and 88% for plastics. Industrial waste exchange is facilit~ted by having an independent agency to publicize and coordinate...

Phillips, W. C.

393

at the Weizmann Institute We are launching a new cardboard recycling e ort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cardboard Recycling at the Weizmann Institute We are launching a new cardboard recycling e ort and brought to the Weizmann warehouse for reuse. Damaged boxes will be compressed and recycled by the by the recycling company (Kamam). Why do it? Re-using and recycling saves garbage burial space and frees space

Shapiro, Ehud

394

THE OPTIMAL LOCATION OF TWO RECYCLING CENTERS Jannett Highfill, Michael McAsey, Libin Mou1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the transportation costs from i) households to the recycling centers and ii) recycling centers to the landfill-recyclables are subsequently transported to the landfill. The landfill location and the proportion of waste recycled recycling center is located at the landfill. (R1: General Spatial Economics, H7: Publicly Provided Goods

Mou, Libin

395

RESEARCH OIL RECOVERY MECHANISMS IN HEAVY OIL RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect

The United States continues to rely heavily on petroleum fossil fuels as a primary energy source, while domestic reserves dwindle. However, so-called heavy oil (10 to 20{sup o}API) remains an underutilized resource of tremendous potential. Heavy oils are much more viscous than conventional oils. As a result, they are difficult to produce with conventional recovery methods such as pressure depletion and water injection. Thermal recovery is especially important for this class of reservoirs because adding heat, usually via steam injection, generally reduces oil viscosity dramatically. This improves displacement efficiency. The research described here was directed toward improved understanding of thermal and heavy-oil production mechanisms and is categorized into: (1) flow and rock properties; (2) in-situ combustion; (3) additives to improve mobility control; (4) reservoir definition; and (5) support services. The scope of activities extended over a three-year period. Significant work was accomplished in the area of flow properties of steam, water, and oil in consolidated and unconsolidated porous media, transport in fractured porous media, foam generation and flow in homogeneous and heterogeneous porous media, the effects of displacement pattern geometry and mobility ratio on oil recovery, and analytical representation of water influx. Significant results are described.

Anthony R. Kovscek; William E. Brigham

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Developing Criteria and Metrics for Assessing Recycled Water Program Effectiveness.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Many U.S. states are currently experiencing or expect to experience water shortages in the next ten years. Recycling water is one strategy states are… (more)

Arias, Michelle

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Orange and Rockland Utilities (Electric)- Residential Appliance Recycling Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Orange and Rockland Utilities provides rebates for residential customers for recycling older, inefficient refrigerators and freezers. All appliances must meet the program requirements listed on the...

398

Modeling agricultural recycling systems for system size and economic potential.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Water is one of the most valued natural resources, and its availability for consumption varies considerably within any region. Recycling water and biomass through reuse… (more)

Hanson, Jeffrey Leland

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

MACKAY, NEIL A., AND JAMES J. ELSER. Nutrient recycling by ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nutrient recycling by Daphnia reduces N, fixation by cyanobacteria. ,,,,iimentally e”tro phied lake ..... Standard methods for the examination of wastewater. APHA.

2000-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

400

Patterns in Trash: Factors that Drive Municipal Solid Waste Recycling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Municipal recycling is driven by a variety of factors. Yet how these factors change over time is not well understood. I analyze a suite of… (more)

Starr, Jared

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Increasing the recycling rate in Clark County, Nevada.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to identify and evaluate policies that could increase the amount of municipal solid waste recycled in Clark County, Nevada.… (more)

Laija, Emerald

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Chapter 7, Refrigerator Recycling Evaluation Protocol: The Uniform...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of refrigerators recycled through the program EXISTINGUEC The average annual unit energy consumption of participating refrigerators PARTUSE The portion of the year the...

403

A Critical Analysis of Technological Innovation and Economic Development in Southern California's Urban Water Reuse And Recycling Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Task Force, “Water Recycling 2030: Recommendation’s of2007. Water Funding Recycling Program Strategic Plan. Web.grants_loans/water_recycling/docs/strategicplan2007.pdf

Pilip-Florea, Shadrach Jay

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

How to recycle asbestos containing materials (ACM)  

SciTech Connect

The current disposal of asbestos containing materials (ACM) in the private sector consists of sealing asbestos wetted with water in plastic for safe transportation and burial in regulated land fills. This disposal methodology requires large disposal volumes especially for asbestos covered pipe and asbestos/fiberglass adhering to metal framework, e.g. filters. This wrap and bury technology precludes recycle of the asbestos, the pipe and/or the metal frameworks. Safe disposal of ACM at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites, likewise, requires large disposal volumes in landfills for non-radioactive ACM and large disposal volumes in radioactive burial grounds for radioactive and suspect contaminated ACM. The availability of regulated disposal sites is rapidly diminishing causing recycle to be a more attractive option. Asbestos adhering to metal (e.g., pipes) can be recycled by safely removing the asbestos from the metal in a patented hot caustic bath which prevents airborne contamination /inhalation of asbestos fibers. The dissolution residue (caustic and asbestos) can be wet slurry fed to a melter and vitrified into a glass or glass-ceramic. Palex glasses, which are commercially manufactured, are shown to be preferred over conventional borosilicate glasses. The Palex glasses are alkali magnesium silicate glasses derived by substituting MgO for B{sub 2}O{sub 3} in borosilicate type glasses. Palex glasses are very tolerant of the high MgO and high CaO content of the fillers used in forming asbestos coverings for pipes and found in boiler lashing, e.g., hydromagnesite (3MgCO{sub 3} Mg(OH){sub 2} 3H{sub 2}O) and plaster of paris, gypsum (CaSO{sub 4}). The high temperate of the vitrification process destroys the asbestos fibers and renders the asbestos non-hazardous, e.g., a glass or glass-ceramic. In this manner the glass or glass-ceramic produced can be recycled, e.g., glassphalt or glasscrete, as can the clean metal pipe or metal framework.

Jantzen, C.M.

2000-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

405

Economic analysis of Western cooperation on oil: 1974-1980  

SciTech Connect

Western cooperation on oil in the International Energy Agency (IEA) began as an effort to deter future selective oil embargoes and predatory OPEC pricing. Later, cooperation was extended to include more-general emergency-preparedness measures and collective efforts to reduce oil imports. Economic theory suggests that cooperation will lead to a more nearly optimal level of oil imports and oil stocks than action taken solely on a national basis. Nevertheless, the experience of the period between 1974 and 1980 demonstrates that cooperation is difficult to achieve. IEA countries made little progress in building oil stocks and implementing oil-import-reduction policies. They were unprepared for the Iranian oil-supply interruption and failed to take sufficiently effective steps to mitigate the effects of the interruption. A case study with several appendices reviews the agreements reached in the IEA and at annual economic summit meetings and details an evolution toward national oil-import targets a means of enforcing the discipline of oil-importing nations. Closer cooperation in oil-import reduction was slowed by burden-sharing problems. The study recommends policy measures that would enhance Western cooperation. These include market pricing and free trade of fuels, increased national oil and gas stocks, and a method of encouraging more flexible use of stocks during supply interruptions too small to trigger the formal IEA sharing system.

Larson, A.P.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Near Shore Submerged Oil Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, submerged oil refers to near shore oil which has picked up sediments You Should Know About Submerged Oil 1. Submerged oil is relatively uncommon: DWH oil is a light crude

407

Oil shale quarterly report, August--December 1990  

SciTech Connect

This paper contains four status reports on the following oil shale research projects: (1) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 4-tonne-per-day pilot plant; (2) chemistry and kinetics of New Albany shale flash pyrolysis under Hot-Recycled-Solid (HRS) conditions; (3) modeling of shale oil cracking and coking in the HRS process; and (4) modeling and analysis of particle slip and drag in a lift pipe of the retort for the HRS process. Each project report has been indexed separately for inclusion on the data base. (CK)

Cena, R.

1991-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

Comparison of the Acceptability of Various Oil Shale Processes  

SciTech Connect

While oil shale has the potential to provide a substantial fraction of our nation's liquid fuels for many decades, cost and environmental acceptability are significant issues to be addressed. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) examined a variety of oil shale processes between the mid 1960s and the mid 1990s, starting with retorting of rubble chimneys created from nuclear explosions [1] and ending with in-situ retorting of deep, large volumes of oil shale [2]. In between, it examined modified-in-situ combustion retorting of rubble blocks created by conventional mining and blasting [3,4], in-situ retorting by radio-frequency energy [5], aboveground combustion retorting [6], and aboveground processing by hot-solids recycle (HRS) [7,8]. This paper reviews various types of processes in both generic and specific forms and outlines some of the tradeoffs for large-scale development activities. Particular attention is given to hot-recycled-solids processes that maximize yield and minimize oil shale residence time during processing and true in-situ processes that generate oil over several years that is more similar to natural petroleum.

Burnham, A K; McConaghy, J R

2006-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

409

Assessing the operations of the bulk oil storage and Transportation Company Limited in petroleum products delivery to Northern Ghana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The government of Ghana realising the importance of petroleum products, established the Tema Oil Refinery (TOR) in 1961 in order to process crude oil into… (more)

Moses Oswald Avoyingah Amoah

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Analysis of experimental performance investigation on kirloskar single cylinder diesel engine using mustard seed oil and diesel blend.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research work is focused on the mustard oil based bio diesel which is important renewable and alternative fuel in future. Mustard oil, is a… (more)

Ram Rattan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

The economics of salt cake recycling  

SciTech Connect

The Process Evaluation Section at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) has a major program aimed at developing cost-effective technologies for salt cake recycling. This paper addresses the economic feasibility of technologies for the recovery of aluminum, salt, and residue-oxide fractions from salt cake. Four processes were assessed for salt recovery from salt cake: (1) base case: leaching in water at 25{degree}C, with evaporation to crystallize salts; (2) high-temperature case: leaching in water at 250{degree}C, with flash crystallization to precipitate salts; (3) solventlantisolvent case: leaching in water at 25{degree}C, concentrating by evaporation, and reacting with acetone to precipitate salts; and (4) electrodialysis: leaching in water at 25{degree}C, with concentration and recovery of salts by electrodialysis. All test cases for salt recovery had a negative present value, given current pricing structure and 20% return on investment. Although manufacturing costs (variable plus fixed) could reasonably be recovered in the sales price of the salt product, capital costs cannot. The economics for the recycling processes are improved, however, if the residueoxide can be sold instead of landfilled. For example, the base case process would be profitable at a wet oxide value of $220/metric ton. The economics of alternative scenarios were also considered, including aluminum recovery with landfilling of salts and oxides.

Graziano, D.; Hryn, J.N.; Daniels, E.J.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Metal melting for volume reduction and recycle  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the experiences with melting contaminated steel materials for volume reduction and melting uranium-contaminated copper and aluminum for possible recycle. In the past there has not been an economic incentive to reduce the volume of low-level beta-gamma contaminated metallic scrap materials in the United States. With the rising cost of transportation and burial facility fees new interest in volume reduction is being generated. This new interest has been primarily focused at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) where the Waste Experimental Reduction Facility (WERF) was established to demonstrate both metal melting and incineration of combustible material for volume reduction. Other demonstration programs involving melting for volume reduction and recycle of aluminum and copper, as well as ferrous scrap, were related to the Cascade Improvement and Cascade Upgrade Programs (CIP/CUP) at the Paducah, Kentucky facility. While the melting demonstrations for the CIP/CUP material were not primarily based on economic incentives, several observations recorded during the programs are of interest with regard to melting of copper and aluminum. (4 refs., 8 tabs.)

Miller, R.L.

1987-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

413

Interim storage of recyclable materials. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to investigate long-term, economical, outdoor storage of a variety of postconsumer recyclable materials. Field investigations and laboratory analysis were performed to examine how protected and unprotected storage would affect marketability and product quality of baled plastics, papers, and other miscellaneous potentially recyclable materials. Baled materials were stored and evaluated over a period of approximately two years. Evaluation of the stored paper products was undertaken using handsheets to perform tests as published by the Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry (TAPPI). A beater curve analysis of selected stored papers, a pilot-scale papermaking run on a Number 2 Fourdrinier Paper machine, and two microbial analysis of the paper materials were also undertaken. Plastic samples obtained from the field were evaluated for oxidation using an Infrared Spectrophotometer (IR), and a controlled `blackbox` IR study was completed. Liquid run-off from bales was analyzed on a quarterly basis. The authors` investigations show that inexpensive outdoor storage for some paper and plastic products is potentially viable as some postconsumer paper and plastic products can be stored outdoors for long periods of time, 300 days or more, without protection. Few potential negative environmental impacts of such storage were found.

NONE

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

OIl Speculation  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Investor Investor Flows and the 2008 Boom/Bust in Oil Prices Kenneth J. Singleton 1 August 10, 2011 1 Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, kenneths@stanford.edu. This research is the outgrowth of a survey paper I prepared for the Air Transport Association of America. I am grateful to Kristoffer Laursen for research assistance and to Kristoffer and Stefan Nagel for their comments. Abstract This paper explores the impact of investor flows and financial market conditions on returns in crude-oil futures markets. I begin by arguing that informational frictions and the associated speculative activity may induce prices to drift away from "fundamental" values and show increased volatility. This is followed by a discussion of the interplay between imperfect infor- mation about real economic activity, including supply, demand, and inventory accumulation, and speculative

415

Analysis of the cost of recycling compliance for the automobile industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cars are one of the most recycled commercial products. Currently, approximately 75% of the total vehicle weight is recycled. The EU directives on End-of-life vehicles try to push the recycling process further: it fixed the ...

Dantec, Delphine

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

NREL Materials Recycling Procedure Purpose To promote environmental sustainability and stewardship, NREL provides the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NREL Materials Recycling Procedure Purpose To promote environmental sustainability and stewardship, NREL provides the infrastructure for workers to incorporate materials recycling in daily operations. This procedure identifies appropriate materials, collection locations, and rules and processes for recycling

417

Nonparametric Bootstrap Recycling Val'erie Ventura, Department of Statistics, Baker Hall 132  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nonparametric Bootstrap Recycling Val'erie Ventura, Department of Statistics, Baker Hall 132 adjustments. The amount of computation involved is usually considerable, and recycling provides a less computer intensive alternative. Recycling consists of using repeatedly the same samples drawn from

418

Heating oils, 1982  

SciTech Connect

Properties of 235 heating oils marketed in the United States were submitted for study and compilation under agreement between BETC and API. The fuels were manufactured by 25 petroleum refining companies in 88 domestic refineries. The data are tabulated according to six grades of fuel and subdivided into five geographic regions in which the fuels are marketed. The five regions containing a total of 16 marketing districts are shown on a map in the report. Trend charts are included showing average properties of the six grades of fuel for the past several years. Summaries of the results of the tests by grade and by region for 1982 compared with data for 1981 are tabulated. Analyses of grade 6 foreign import oils are presented.

Shelton, E.M.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Heating oils, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Properties of 247 heating oils marketed in the United States were submitted for study and compilation under agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center and the American Petroleum Institute. The fuels were manufactured by 26 petroleum refining companies in 87 domestic refineries. The data are tabulated according to six grades of fuel and subdivided into five geographic regions in which the fuels are marketed. The six grades of fuel are defined by the American Society for Testing and Materials Specification D396. The five regions containing a total of 16 marketing districts are shown on a map in the report. Trend charts are included showing average properties of the six grades of fuel for the past several years. Summaries of the results of the tests by grade and by region for 1980 compared with data for 1979 are shown in tables. Analyses of grades 2, 5(light), and 6 foreign import oils are presented.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Heating oils, 1981  

SciTech Connect

Properties of 249 heating oils marketed in the United States were submitted for study and compilation under agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The fuels were manufactured by 28 petroleum refining companies in 92 domestic refineries. The data are tabulated according to six grades of fuel and subdivided into five geographic regions in which the fuels are marketed. The six grades of fuels are defined by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Specification D396. The five regions containing a total of 16 marketing districts are shown on a map in the report. Trend charts are included showing average properties of the six grades of fuel for the past several years. Summaries of the results of the tests by grade and by region for 1981 compared with data for 1980 are shown in Tables 1 through 6. Analyses of grade 6 foreign import oils are presented in Table 13.

Shelton, E.M.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Comparison of the Recyclability of Flame-Retarded Plastics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The halogen-free plastic grades showed a significant deterioration of mechanical properties after recycling, whereas those plastics containing BFRs were able to pass all test criteria, thus maintaining their original properties. ... When the plastic material is being mechanically recycled, the material will be exposed to temperatures up to 250 °C during the processing steps, such as extrusion or injection molding. ...

Takaretu Imai; Stephan Hamm; Klaus P. Rothenbacher

2002-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

422

Plastic bottles recycled into sails for tall ship  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plastic bottles recycled into sails for tall ship ... Using new and conventional plastics recycling technology, Du Pont has converted plastic soda bottles (right) and plastic car fenders into 13,000 sq ft of sail for the tall ship HMS Rose (left). ...

LOIS EMBER

1992-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

423

AN EXAMINATION OF WOOD RECYCLING PROVISIONS IN NORTH AMERICAN GREEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

! ! ! AN EXAMINATION OF WOOD RECYCLING PROVISIONS IN NORTH AMERICAN GREEN BUILDING PROGRAMS DR. JIM in North American Green Building Programs Introduction Recycled content is a prominent aspect of many North American green building standards, with use of such materials awarded or specified. Construction

424

Chapter 5 - Theory and Tools of Physical Separation/Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Materials for recycling may consist of end-of-life (EOL) product streams, byproducts and waste streams from original equipment manufacturing and the production of components, and finally also rejects, byproducts and waste streams from raw-material producers. A common feature is that all consist of compounds. The elements of the compounds can be recycled only by chemical or metallurgical means.

Kari Heiskanen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Why Become a Master By encouraging Connecticut residents to recycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Why Become a Master Composter? By encouraging Connecticut residents to recycle organic waste Service Matt Freund, Freund's Farm Bob Jacquier, Laurelbrook Farm Connecticut Recycling Coalition The UConn Home & Garden Education Center is an informational resource for the residents of Connecticut who

Holsinger, Kent

426

Why Become a Master By encouraging Connecticut residents to recycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Why Become a Master Composter? By encouraging Connecticut residents to recycle organic waste Connecticut Recycling Coalition The UConn Home & Garden Education Center is an informational resource for the residents of Connecticut who are urged to contact us for accurate, thorough and timely information on home

Alpay, S. Pamir

427

Magnetic Divertor for Low Plasma Recycling in Tokamaks Ernesto Mazzucato |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Divertor for Low Plasma Recycling in Tokamaks Ernesto Mazzucato Magnetic Divertor for Low Plasma Recycling in Tokamaks Ernesto Mazzucato Existing experiments indicate that low recycling of exhausted particles can improve the energy confinement in tokamaks, very likely by preventing the cooling of the plasma edge and thereby causing a reduction in the level of plasma turbulence. This can reduce the size of a tokamak fusion reactor, making the latter a more viable source of energy. The necessary conditions for low recycling can be achieved with the use of a new magnetic divertor, where the exhausted particles are injected through a narrow aperture into a large chamber. Exhausting the particles into a large chamber prevents their return to the plasma, resulting in a reduction in plasma recycling to a level where existing experiments have shown a large enhancement in plasma

428

Safeguards and nonproliferation aspects of a dry fuel recycling technology  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory undertook an independent assessment of the proliferation potentials and safeguardability of a dry fuel recycling technology, whereby spent pressurized-water reactor (PWR) fuels are used to fuel canadian deuterium uranium (CANDU) reactors. Objectives of this study included (1) the evaluation of presently available technologies that may be useful to safeguard technology options for dry fuel recycling (2) and identification of near-term and long-term research needs to develop process-specific safeguards requirements. The primary conclusion of this assessment is that like all other fuel cycle alternatives proposed in the past, the dry fuel recycle entails prolfferation risks and that there are no absolute technical fixes to eliminate such risks. This study further concludes that the proliferation risks of dry fuel recycling options are relatively minimal and presently known safeguards systems and technologies can be modified and/or adapted to meet the requirements of safeguarding such fuel recycle facilities.

Pillay, K.K.S.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

EA-1919: Recycle of Scrap Metals Originating from Radiological Areas |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1919: Recycle of Scrap Metals Originating from Radiological EA-1919: Recycle of Scrap Metals Originating from Radiological Areas EA-1919: Recycle of Scrap Metals Originating from Radiological Areas Summary This Programmatic EA evaluates alternatives for the management of scrap metal originating from DOE radiological control areas, including the proposed action to allow for the recycle of uncontaminated scrap metal that meets the requirements of DOE Order 458.1. (Metals with volumetric radioactive contamination are not included in the scope of this Programmatic EA.) PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD December 28, 2012 EA-1919: Notice of Public Comment Period Extension Recycling of Scrap Metals Originating from Radiological Areas December 12, 2012 EA-1919: Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental

430

Plastic Identification Sensor with Five Wavelength Laser Diodes Used in Recycling Robot  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plastic identification is a key technology for recycling. Six different types of plastics are identified by a sensor with five wavelengths lasers. The new plastic recycling robots,...

Kawata, Satoshi; Inada, Koji; Hirao, Tadaetsu; Fujita, Toshihiro; Aubuchon, Roger

431

E-Print Network 3.0 - avoids recycling endosomal Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

avoids recycling endosomal Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: avoids recycling endosomal Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Selective...

432

China`s impact on the world crude-oil  

SciTech Connect

China`s oil market is in transition, and this has dramatically shaped its crude and petroleum product balances. During the last five years (1989-1993), imports of crude and refined products increased rapidly, while exports of crude and refined products declined year after year. In 1993 petroleum product imports surged to a record high of 354,000 barrels per day (b/d) at the same time that crude imports also increased to a record high of 315,000 b/d. If we combine imports and exports of both crude oil and products, China was a net oil importer of about 200,000 b/d during 1993. This marked the first time since 1960s that China has fallen into net oil importer status. Four major changes have characterized China`s oil imports and exports during the last two decades. First, China has made vigorous efforts to diversify its total exports away from oil-based goods to non-oil items. Second, the composition of oil exports has changed, shifting from dependence on crude oil exports toward a greater proportion of finished or semi-finished products. Third, the oil import pattern has also shifted from primarily heavy products to primarily light products. Finally, Northern China has continued to export oil across the Pacific Basin, but Southern China has begun importing petroleum from Indonesia and the Middle East. These trends indicate that China will become increasingly vital to both the regional and global oil trade. Overall, Asian oil imports are expected to double in the next ten years.

Wang, H. [Energy Security Analysis, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

433

A new method to optimize the fracture geometry of a frac-packed well in unconsolidated sandstone heavy oil reservoirs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The worldwide proven recoverable reserves of conventional oil are less than the amount of the heavy oil. Owing to weakly consolidated formation, sand production is an important problem encountered during oil p...

XiaoBing Bian; ShiCheng Zhang; JingChen Zhang…

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Recycling of Lithium-Ion Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

B. Dunn B. Dunn Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory Recycling of Lithium-Ion Batteries Plug-In 2013 San Diego, CA October 2, 2013 The submitted manuscript has been created by UChicago Argonne, LLC, Operator of Argonne National Laboratory ("Argonne"). Argonne, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. The U.S. Government retains for itself, and others acting on its behalf, a paid-up nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in said article to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the Government.

435

Production of rubber pads by tyre recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tyre recycling is a social problem but it may be a profitable operation if valid industrial applications would be experimented. In this study, the authors suggest that the combination of powder comminution and compression moulding of powders is an efficient solution to produce large rubber pads with good mechanical properties. An experimental approach is reported to design a 'direct powder moulding' (in absence of virgin rubber or linking agent). Small samples were moulded in stainless steel moulds to evaluate the mechanical performances. Good results were obtained even if medium size particles are directly moulded, whereas the existing scientific contributions only deal with fine particles. Large pads were moulded in an aluminium mould to reduce cycle time. Due to the technical limits, the moulding pressure was reduced and this occurrence limited the final performances of the rubber pad. Nevertheless, the final properties are high enough to allow structural and functional applications.

Alessandro Guglielmotti; Carmine Lucignano; Fabrizio Quadrini

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Recycling technologies and market opportunities: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

These proceedings are the result of our collective effort to meet that challenge. They reflect the dedication and commitment of many people in government, academia, the private sector and national laboratories to finding practical solutions to one of the most pressing problems of our time -- how to deal effectively with the growing waste s that is the product of our affluent industrial society. The Conference was successful in providing a clear picture of the scope of the problem and of the great potential that recycling holds for enhancing economic development while at the same time, having a significant positive impact on the waste management problem. That success was due in large measure to the enthusiastic response of our panelists to our invitation to participate and share their expertise with us.

Goland, A.N.; Petrakis, L. [eds.

1993-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

437

Nitrogen chemistry during oil shale pyrolysis  

SciTech Connect

Real time evolution of ammonia (NH{sub 3}) and hydrogen cyanide (HCN), two major nitrogen-containing volatiles evolved during oil shale pyrolysis, was measured by means of a mass spectrometer using chemical ionization and by infrared spectroscopy. While the on-line monitoring of NH{sub 3} in oil shale pyrolysis games was possible by both techniques, HCN measurements were only possible by IR. We studied one Green River Formation oil shale and one New Albany oil shale. The ammonia from the Green River oil shale showed one broad NH{sub 3} peak maximizing at a high temperature. For both oil shales, most NH{sub 3} evolves at temperatures above oil-evolving temperature. The important factors governing ammonia salts such as Buddingtonite in Green River oil shales, the distribution of nitrogen functional groups in kerogen, and the retorting conditions. The gas phase reactions, such as NH{sub 3} decomposition and HCN conversion reactions, also play an important role in the distribution of nitrogen volatiles, especially at high temperatures. Although pyrolysis studies of model compounds suggests the primary nitrogen product from kerogen pyrolysis to be HCN at high temperatures, we found only a trace amount of HCN at oil-evolving temperatures and none at high temperatures (T {gt} 600{degree}C). 24 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

Oh, Myongsook S.; Crawford, R.W.; Foster, K.G.; Alcaraz, A.

1990-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

438

Crude Oil and Gasoline Price Monitoring  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

What drives crude oil prices? What drives crude oil prices? November 13, 2013 | Washington, DC An analysis of 7 factors that influence oil markets, with chart data updated monthly and quarterly Crude oil prices react to a variety of geopolitical and economic events November 13, 2013 2 price per barrel (real 2010 dollars, quarterly average) Low spare capacity Iraq invades Kuwait Saudis abandon swing producer role Iran-Iraq War Iranian revolution Arab Oil Embargo Asian financial crisis U.S. spare capacity exhausted Global financial collapse 9-11 attacks OPEC cuts targets 1.7 mmbpd OPEC cuts targets 4.2 mmbpd Sources: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Thomson Reuters 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 imported refiner acquisition cost of crude oil

439

International Oil Supplies and Demands. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The eleventh Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) working group met four times over the 1989--90 period to compare alternative perspectives on international oil supplies and demands through 2010 and to discuss how alternative supply and demand trends influence the world`s dependence upon Middle Eastern oil. Proprietors of eleven economic models of the world oil market used their respective models to simulate a dozen scenarios using standardized assumptions. From its inception, the study was not designed to focus on the short-run impacts of disruptions on oil markets. Nor did the working group attempt to provide a forecast or just a single view of the likely future path for oil prices. The model results guided the group`s thinking about many important longer-run market relationships and helped to identify differences of opinion about future oil supplies, demands, and dependence.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

International Oil Supplies and Demands. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

The eleventh Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) working group met four times over the 1989--1990 period to compare alternative perspectives on international oil supplies and demands through 2010 and to discuss how alternative supply and demand trends influence the world`s dependence upon Middle Eastern oil. Proprietors of eleven economic models of the world oil market used their respective models to simulate a dozen scenarios using standardized assumptions. From its inception, the study was not designed to focus on the short-run impacts of disruptions on oil markets. Nor did the working group attempt to provide a forecast or just a single view of the likely future path for oil prices. The model results guided the group`s thinking about many important longer-run market relationships and helped to identify differences of opinion about future oil supplies, demands, and dependence.

Not Available

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

capability to secure oil transport security. Additionally,international oil agreements: 1) ensuring energy security;security, and many argue that as the second-largest consumer of oil

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007”. comparison, Mexico used 6.6— Chinese oil consumption17. Oil production from the North Sea, Mexico’s Cantarell,Mexico, Italy, France, Canada, US, and UK. Figure 10. Historical Chinese oil

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton Junedirectly. Understanding Crude Oil Prices* James D. Hamilton

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

business of having some oil in inventory, which is referredKnowledge of all the oil going into inventory today for salebe empty, because inventories of oil are essential for the

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crude023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton June

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crudein predicting quarterly real oil price change. variable real

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by this point, China’s demand Oil Demand vs. Domestic Supplycurrent pace of growth in oil demand as staying consistentand predictions of oil supply and demand affected foreign

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Income on Energy and Oil Demand,” Energy Journal 23(1),2006. “China’s Growing Demand for Oil and Its Impact on U.S.in the supply or demand for oil itself could be regarded as

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Economic vulnerability to Peak Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Peak Oil, which refers to the maximum possible global oil production rate, is increasingly gaining attention in both science and policy discourses. However, little is known about how this phenomenon will impact economies, despite its apparent imminence and potential dangers. In this paper, we construct a vulnerability map of the U.S. economy, combining two approaches for analyzing economic systems, i.e. input–output analysis and social network analysis (applied to economic data). Our approach reveals the relative importance of individual economic sectors, and how vulnerable they are to oil price shocks. As such, our dual-analysis helps identify which sectors, due to their strategic position, could put the entire U.S. economy at risk from Peak Oil. For the U.S., such sectors would include Iron Mills, Fertilizer Production and Transport by Air. Our findings thus provide early warnings to downstream companies about potential ‘trouble’ in their supply chain, and inform policy action for Peak Oil. Although our analysis is embedded in a Peak Oil narrative, it is just as valid and useful in the context of developing a climate roadmap toward a low carbon economy.

Christian Kerschner; Christina Prell; Kuishuang Feng; Klaus Hubacek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Oil market power and United States national security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Organization of the Petroleum Exporting...occupation of China (8). Unlike...Moreover, U.S. exports were 80% of...protection from imports (ref. 1...Relationship of Oil Imports to the National...Force on Oil Import Control, Washington...History of Petroleum (I. B. Tauris...suspension of Iraqi exports to punish the...

Roger Stern

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Production of Biofuels from High-Acid-Value Waste Oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production of Biofuels from High-Acid-Value Waste Oils ... (1) Biofuel is derived from a renewable, domestic resource, thereby relieving reliance on petroleum fuel imports. ...

Junming Xu; Guomin Xiao; Yonghong Zhou; Jianchun Jiang

2011-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

452

Semantic technology in the oil and gas drilling domain.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Data integration and knowledge representation in the oil and gas drilling domain are two challenges much work is focused upon. They are important real-world challenges… (more)

Overå, Lars

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Experimental study of mechanisms of improving oil recovery in Shale.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ABSTRACT Extensive laboratory work was done to investigate some of the important mechanisms of improving oil recovery in Shale formations. The objective of this research… (more)

Onyenwere, Emmanuel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

2013 Unconventional Oil and Gas Project Selections  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Fossil Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory has an unconventional oil and gas program devoted to research in this important area of energy development. The laboratory...

455

Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Operable Capacity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Barrels per Calendar Day) (Barrels per Calendar Day) Data Series: Total Number of Operable Refineries Number of Operating Refineries Number of Idle Refineries Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Operable Capacity (B/CD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Operating Capacity (B/CD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Idle Capacity (B/CD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Operable Capacity (B/SD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Operating Capacity (B/SD) Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Idle Capacity (B/SD) Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD) Thermal Cracking Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD) Thermal Cracking Total Coking Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD) Thermal Cracking Delayed Coking Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD Thermal Cracking Fluid Coking Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD) Thermal Cracking Visbreaking Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD) Thermal Cracking Other/Gas Oil Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Cracking Fresh Feed Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Cracking Recycle Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydro-Cracking Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydro-Cracking Distillate Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydro-Cracking Gas Oil Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydro-Cracking Residual Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Reforming Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Reforming Low Pressure Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Reforming High Pressure Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating/Desulfurization Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Naphtha/Reformer Feed Charge Cap (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Gasoline Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Heavy Gas Oil Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Distillate Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Kerosene/Jet Fuel Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Diesel Fuel Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Other Distillate Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Residual/Other Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Residual Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Hydrotreating Other Oils Charge Capacity (B/SD) Fuels Solvent Deasphalting Charge Capacity (B/SD) Catalytic Reforming Downstream Charge Capacity (B/CD) Total Coking Downstream Charge Capacity (B/CD) Catalytic Cracking Fresh Feed Downstream Charge Capacity (B/CD) Catalytic Hydro-Cracking Downstream Charge Capacity (B/CD) Period:

456

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007”. comparison, Mexico used 6.6— Chinese oil consumption17. Oil production from the North Sea, Mexico’s Cantarell,

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Desulfurization of heavy oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Strategies for heavy oil desulfurization were evaluated by reviewing desulfurization literature and critically assessing the viability of the various methods for heavy oil. The desulfurization methods includin...

Rashad Javadli; Arno de Klerk

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China’s domestic oil supply will peak, and demand Robertpeak will come around 2020, 24 and that by this point, China’s demand Oil

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Tall oil pitch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

n....Undistilled residue from the distillation of crude tall oil. It is generally recognized that tall oil pitches contain some high-boiling esters and neutral...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

oil1990.xls  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households that Use Fuel OilKerosene, 1990 Residential Buildings Average Fuel Oil...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Oil Sands Feedstocks  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Centre for Upgrading Technology 'a Canada-Alberta alliance for bitumen and heavy oil research' Oil Sands Feedstocks C Fairbridge, Z Ring, Y Briker, D Hager National Centre...

462

Crude Oil Domestic Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Data Series: Crude Oil Domestic Production Refinery Crude Oil Inputs Refinery Gross Inputs Refinery Operable Capacity (Calendar Day) Refinery Percent Operable Utilization Net...

463

Oil depletion or a market problem? A framing analysis of peak oil in The Economist news magazine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Despite an increase of oil production from unconventional resources, concerns about the depletion of ‘cheap oil’ are more imminent than ever. Recognising the importance of media in influencing public opinion, risk perceptions and policy making, this research presents a framing analysis of peak oil in The Economists’ news magazine (2008 and 2012). One hundred and seventy articles, of which 58 focused on energy security and oil production, were analysed using content and discourse analysis. Coverage was multi-facetted, and included oil depletion as one storyline within the supply challenge frame, especially during times of very high oil prices. Oil prices and the rapid growth in ‘fracking’ were found to be critical discourse moments, influencing the nature of oil coverage in The Economist. Overall, due to The Economist's neoliberal ideology and the resulting optimistic framing of market forces and new technologies, this research found that the news magazine does not contribute majorly to enhancing the public debate on peak oil.

Susanne Becken

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Direction of CRT waste glass processing: Electronics recycling industry communication  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Given a large flow rate of CRT glass {approx}10% of the panel glass stream will be leaded. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The supply of CRT waste glass exceeded demand in 2009. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recyclers should use UV-light to detect lead oxide during the separation process. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recycling market analysis techniques and results are given for CRT glass. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Academic initiatives and the necessary expansion of novel product markets are discussed. - Abstract: Cathode Ray Tube, CRT, waste glass recycling has plagued glass manufacturers, electronics recyclers and electronics waste policy makers for decades because the total supply of waste glass exceeds demand, and the formulations of CRT glass are ill suited for most reuse options. The solutions are to separate the undesirable components (e.g. lead oxide) in the waste and create demand for new products. Achieving this is no simple feat, however, as there are many obstacles: limited knowledge of waste glass composition; limited automation in the recycling process; transportation of recycled material; and a weak and underdeveloped market. Thus one of the main goals of this paper is to advise electronic glass recyclers on how to best manage a diverse supply of glass waste and successfully market to end users. Further, this paper offers future directions for academic and industry research. To develop the recommendations offered here, a combination of approaches were used: (1) a thorough study of historic trends in CRT glass chemistry; (2) bulk glass collection and analysis of cullet from a large-scale glass recycler; (3) conversations with industry members and a review of potential applications; and (4) evaluation of the economic viability of specific uses for recycled CRT glass. If academia and industry can solve these problems (for example by creating a database of composition organized by manufacturer and glass source) then the reuse of CRT glass can be increased.

Mueller, Julia R., E-mail: mueller.143@osu.edu [Ohio State University, William G. Lowrie Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, OH (United States) and University of Queensland, School of Chemical Engineering (Australia) and Ohio State University, Materials Science and Engineering, OH (United States); Boehm, Michael W. [University of Queensland, School of Chemical Engineering (Australia); Drummond, Charles [Ohio State University, Materials Science and Engineering, OH (United States)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

465

Biochemically enhanced oil recovery and oil treatment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to the preparation of new, modified organisms, through challenge growth processes, that are viable in the extreme temperature, pressure and pH conditions and salt concentrations of an oil reservoir and that are suitable for use in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The modified microorganisms of the present invention are used to enhance oil recovery and remove sulfur compounds and metals from the crude oil. 62 figures.

Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.

1994-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

466

Biochemically enhanced oil recovery and oil treatment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to the preparation of new, modified organisms, through challenge growth processes, that are viable in the extreme temperature, pressure and pH conditions and salt concentrations of an oil reservoir and that are suitable for use in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The modified microorganisms of the present invention are used to enhance oil recovery and remove sulfur compounds and metals from the crude oil.

Premuzic, Eugene T. (East Moriches, NY); Lin, Mow (Rocky Point, NY)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act (Pennsylvania)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act (Pennsylvania) Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act (Pennsylvania) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on February 13, 2013. EZFeed Policy Place Pennsylvania Name Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act (Pennsylvania) Policy Category Other Policy Policy Type Environmental Regulations Affected Technologies Biomass/Biogas, Coal with CCS, Concentrating Solar Power, Energy Storage, Fuel Cells, Geothermal Electric, Hydroelectric, Hydroelectric (Small), Natural Gas, Nuclear, Solar Photovoltaics, Wind energy Active Policy Yes Implementing Sector State/Province Program Administrator Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection

468

Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act (Pennsylvania)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act (Pennsylvania) Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act (Pennsylvania) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Environmental Regulations

469

Alabama Land Recycling And Economic Redevelopment Act (Alabama) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Land Recycling And Economic Redevelopment Act (Alabama) Land Recycling And Economic Redevelopment Act (Alabama) Alabama Land Recycling And Economic Redevelopment Act (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Environmental Management This article establishes a program, to be implemented, maintained, and administered by the Alabama Department of Environmental Management, to encourage the voluntary cleanup and the reuse and redevelopment of environmentally contaminated properties. The article states criteria for applicant participation and property qualification in the voluntary cleanup

470

Iowa Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (Iowa) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Iowa Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act Iowa Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (Iowa) Iowa Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Iowa Department of Natural Resources

471

Attrition and abrasion models for oil shale process modeling  

SciTech Connect

As oil shale is processed, fine particles, much smaller than the original shale are created. This process is called attrition or more accurately abrasion. In this paper, models of abrasion are presented for oil shale being processed in several unit operations. Two of these unit operations, a fluidized bed and a lift pipe are used in the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Hot-Recycle-Solid (HRS) process being developed for the above ground processing of oil shale. In two reports, studies were conducted on the attrition of oil shale in unit operations which are used in the HRS process. Carley reported results for attrition in a lift pipe for oil shale which had been pre-processed either by retorting or by retorting then burning. The second paper, by Taylor and Beavers, reported results for a fluidized bed processing of oil shale. Taylor and Beavers studied raw, retorted, and shale which had been retorted and then burned. In this paper, empirical models are derived, from the experimental studies conducted on oil shale for the process occurring in the HRS process. The derived models are presented along with comparisons with experimental results.

Aldis, D.F.

1991-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

472

Waste lubricating oil: an annotated review. 1982 revision  

SciTech Connect

Because of renewed interest in waste oil, both in terms of energy conservation and as a threat to the environment, there appears to be a need for a systemic compilation of information on the subject. This is a revision of the 1979 manuscript (BETC/IC-79/4) reflecting publications of the last three years as well as incorporation of papers that were overlooked. The number of citations has jumped from 486 to 1203, with all previous citations also listed here. The bibliography is divided into broad subject areas. The Introduction gives the history and development of the used oil reclamation industry. The General section includes the comprehensive papers that address several subjects and thus, give a capsulated overview of the used oil situation. Sources of Information and Statistical Treatments of Data tell how to obtain additional and future information and data relating to waste oil and could aid those persons interested in keeping their knowledge current. The Other Lubricating Oils section covers many of the lubricants that have the potential for recycling. The Other Oils section is divided into four sub-sections to aid the reader to find the subject of interest. The section on Related Subjects includes those sideline areas that could apply to used oil reclamation.

Cotton, F.O.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Potential of vegetable oils as a domestic heating fuel  

SciTech Connect

The dependence on imported oil for domestic heating has led to the examination of other potential fuel substitutes. One potential fuel is some form of vegetable oil, which could be a yearly-renewable fuel. In Western Canada, canola has become a major oilseed crop; in Eastern Canada, sunflowers increasingly are becoming a source for a similar oil; for this reason, the Canadian Combustion Research Laboratory (CCRL) has chosen these oils for experimentation. Trials have been conducted in a conventional warm air oil furnace, fitted with a flame retention head burner. Performance has been measured with pure vegetable oils as well as a series of blends with conventional No. 2 oil. The effects of increased fuel pressure and fuel preheating are established. Emissions of carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, unburned hydrocarbons and particulates are given for both steady state and cyclic operation. Canola oil cannot be fired in cyclic operation above 50:50 blends with No. 2 oil. At any level above a 10% blend, canola is difficult to burn, even with significant increased pressure and temperature. Sunflower oil is much easier to burn and can be fired as a pure fuel, but with high emissions of incomplete combustion products. An optimum blend of 50:50 sunflower in No. 2 oil yields emissions and performance similar to No. 2 oil. This blend offers potential as a means of reducing demand of imported crude oil for domestic heating systems.

Hayden, A.C.S.; Begin, E.; Palmer, C.E.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1994 January ................. 10.54 10.05 12.65 12.19 14.05 14.85 14.24 February ............... 9.32 9.84 12.05 12.95 13.79 14.15 14.30 March .................... 9.60 10.17 12.46 13.55 13.82 14.04 13.70 April ...................... 10.68 11.51 14.36 14.43 15.22 W 15.21 May ....................... 11.45 12.42 14.99 15.80 16.25 15.69 W June ...................... 11.91 13.58 15.99 16.09 17.08 W 17.47 July ....................... 13.01 14.49 16.88 16.64 17.75 16.96 17.61 August .................. 10.66 13.12 14.83 15.57 16.94 W 17.40 September ............ 11.55 12.22 14.73 15.30 15.93 16.09 16.00 October ................. 11.66 13.14 14.93 15.12 16.57 W 16.10 November ............. 11.93 13.08 14.83 15.41 17.02 17.03 16.73 December ............. 12.46 12.67 14.50 14.94 16.03 15.87 16.78 1994 .........................

475

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

476

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ................. 13.37 13.78 16.32 17.32 18.36 18.65 W February ............... 14.23 14.73 17.14 18.38 18.10 19.58 W March .................... 15.41 16.74 19.23 19.51 20.27 W 21.05 April ...................... 15.57 17.62 20.70 19.82 21.59 W W May ....................... 14.81 16.32 19.02 18.88 19.91 20.09 20.04 June ...................... 14.93 15.97 18.12 18.22 19.21 18.91 W July ....................... 15.44 16.41 18.79 18.86 20.09 20.29 W August .................. 16.18 17.08 19.81 20.11 21.08 20.29 20.89 September ............ 17.99 19.26 21.64 21.73 22.94 W 21.56 October ................. 18.18 20.18 22.92 22.52 24.46 W 23.70 November ............. 17.80 18.94 21.76 22.02 23.59 23.07 W December ............. 18.07 19.22 22.19 21.93 24.41 24.38 24.99 1996 .........................

477

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ................. 11.69 12.53 15.50 16.21 17.71 17.57 W February ............... 12.19 13.21 16.75 16.98 18.68 18.67 18.63 March .................... 12.81 13.71 17.11 17.39 18.77 19.71 20.50 April ...................... 12.60 13.90 16.70 16.93 18.84 18.92 W May ....................... 12.22 13.65 16.60 16.49 18.43 18.95 19.50 June ...................... 11.16 12.43 16.00 16.03 17.57 W W July ....................... 10.58 11.85 14.62 15.31 16.71 18.97 17.50 August .................. 11.48 12.09 14.17 15.03 16.64 W 18.55 September ............ 11.81 12.01 14.23 14.49 16.21 16.48 17.04 October ................. 11.17 11.89 14.13 14.93 16.46 16.71 16.61 November ............. 9.61 10.21 13.27 13.92 15.35 16.21 W December ............. 8.93 9.31 11.02 12.03 13.68 14.54 13.55 1993 .........................

478

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ................. 12.46 13.20 15.27 15.78 16.81 15.82 17.02 February ............... 12.97 13.69 16.13 16.28 17.21 17.12 W March .................... 13.46 14.38 16.14 16.87 17.32 16.88 17.86 April ...................... 15.01 15.89 17.65 17.87 18.72 17.87 18.00 May ....................... 15.17 15.91 17.62 17.44 18.68 18.51 18.85 June ...................... 13.75 14.53 16.30 16.35 17.48 18.04 17.72 July ....................... 12.98 13.20 15.28 15.46 16.18 W 16.48 August .................. 12.71 13.46 15.83 15.48 16.47 W 16.46 September ............ 12.85 13.27 15.90 15.55 16.87 W 17.04 October ................. 11.69 12.42 15.05 15.31 16.52 W 16.66 November ............. 12.76 12.85 15.29 16.09 16.99 16.76 17.83 December ............. 13.86 14.23 16.63 16.08 18.14 17.79 W 1995 .........................

479

West Coast (PADD 5) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History All Countries 40,216 40,703 46,595 47,285 42,741 43,793 1981-2013 Persian Gulf 14,230 13,361 14,442 14,250 16,435 14,465 1993-2013 OPEC* 22,029 19,569 22,946 25,238 25,775 23,528 1993-2013 Algeria 344 744 1,559 1995-2013 Angola 1,885 1,648 3,742 2,790 2,098 2,497 1995-2013 Ecuador 4,439 4,264 3,739 8,092 5,312 6,177 1993-2013 Iraq 2,870 2,210 5,918 5,585 4,514 4,960 1995-2013 Kuwait 1,297 686 314 1,034 295 1995-2013 Libya 149 106 12 382 2005-2013 Nigeria 296 293 7 1995-2013 Qatar 1995-2004 Saudi Arabia 10,063 10,465 8,210 8,665 10,887 9,210 1993-2013 United Arab Emirates 1995-2011 Venezuela 982 279 66 1993-2013 Non OPEC*

480

Energy and the Oil-Importing Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...other areas, Nepal and central Tanzania, it has been claimed that...options such as biomass and other solar resources. The international...some other energy options. Solar resources, both direct and...Thailand, Jamaica, Peru, Tanzania, Indo-nesia, Ivory Coast...

Joy Dunkerley; William Ramsay

1982-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imports recycling oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

October ... 11.35 W 10.70 W 11.74 November ... 10.13 W 9.31 - 10.26 December ... 9.12 W 7.62 - 9.65 4th Quarter Average ... 10.06...

482

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4,145 3,518 4,213 11,299 8,112 3,643 1993-2013 Georgia, Republic of 92 63 1995-2013 Germany 4,378 2,528 984 470 274 1,387 1995-2013 Ghana 453 14 112 993 1995-2013 Greece 167 295...

483

East Coast (PADD 1) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

716 501 615 612 1993-2014 Gabon 650 649 32 1993-2014 Georgia, Republic of 1995-2010 Germany 107 35 14 24 8 125 1993-2014 Ghana 1995-2012 Gibralter 2012-2012 Greece 12 28 28...

484

West Coast (PADD 5) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Finland 12 58 99 1995-2013 France 534 493 156 1995-2013 Gabon 1,523 550 1995-2013 Germany 140 950 4 5 2 178 1995-2013 Greece 1995-2003 Guatemala 118 2005-2012 Guinea 1995-2002...

485

Energy and the Oil-Importing Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...relatively highly endowed with renewable energy resources. The amount...hydropower-both conventional and mini-hydro schemes-could turn...Confer-ence on New and Renewable Sources of Energy was for adequate...institution of regional elec-tric grids to enable sharing of hydroelec-tricity...

Joy Dunkerley; William Ramsay

1982-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

486

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

487

Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Algerian Condensate Angolan Cabinda Canadian Lloydminster Cameroon Kole Marine Ecuadorian Oriente Mexican Isthmus Mexican Mayan 1978 Average ... W 13.32 - W 12.87 13.24 -...

488

Energy and the Oil-Importing Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Niger, Ivory Coast, and Sudan) that are not producers at...account recent higher costs of thermal generation, or the potential...hydroelectricity, is one-third geo-thermal (22). Significant biomass...changes. In the industrial, thermal electric, and residential...

Joy Dunkerley; William Ramsay

1982-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

489

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ... 11.69 12.53 15.50 16.21 17.71 17.57 W February ... 12.19 13.21 16.75 16.98 18.68 18.67 18.63 March ... 12.81 13.71...

490

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1997 January ... 16.99 18.37 22.62 21.89 24.21 22.07 22.08 February ... 13.75 16.25 20.15 19.27 21.61 21.61 W March ... 13.39 14.96...

491

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History 20.0 or Less 13.22 14.08 15.13 17.20 16.66 16.20 1978-2013 20.1 to 25.0 23.50 26.11 26.01 27.47 29.77 33.87 1978-2013 25.1 to...

492

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1996 January ... 13.37 13.78 16.32 17.32 18.36 18.65 W February ... 14.23 14.73 17.14 18.38 18.10 19.58 W March ... 15.41 16.74 19.23...

493

Energy and the Oil-Importing Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...300 person days of work per year to gather...point after 1973, to 5 percent...factors of production, but there...Domestic Energy Production Even though...Increasing energy production at home has...drilled in non-OPEC de-veloping...about 10 to 25 per-cent of...

Joy Dunkerley; William Ramsay

1982-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

494

Energy and the Oil-Importing Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...PROBLEMS FOR RURAL NEW AND RENEWABLE ENERGY-SYSTEMS, JOURNAL OF ENERGY...relatively highly endowed with renewable energy resources. The amount of...Confer-ence on New and Renewable Sources of Energy was for adequate management...

Joy Dunkerley; William Ramsay

1982-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

495

U.S. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

29 1993-2010 Other Liquids 580,806 515,169 493,623 519,259 459,916 480,460 1981-2013 HydrogenOxygenatesRenewables Other Hydrocarbons 12,931 5,694 2,030 6,471 14,639 23,414...

496

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

497

Energy and the Oil-Importing Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for the transfer of energy technology already...to instructions in energy conservation. But...be consistent with national objectives and with sensi-ble overall energy and development goals...both a problem and a challenge to the worldwide...regional elec-tric grids to enable sharing...

Joy Dunkerley; William Ramsay

1982-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

498

Nonparametric Bootstrap Recycling Val'erie Ventura, Department of Statistics, Baker Hall 132  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nonparametric Bootstrap Recycling Val'erie Ventura, Department of Statistics, Baker Hall 132. The amount of computation involved is usually considerable, and recycling provides a less computer intensive alternative. Recycling consists of using repeatedly the same samples drawn from a recycling distribution G

499

GLOBAL STABILITY IN CHEMOSTAT-TYPE COMPETITION MODELS WITH NUTRIENT RECYCLING  

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GLOBAL STABILITY IN CHEMOSTAT-TYPE COMPETITION MODELS WITH NUTRIENT RECYCLING SHIGUI RUAN AND XUE- type competition models with nutrient recycling. In the first model the recycling is instantaneous, whereas in the second, the recycling is delayed. They carried out the equilibrium analysis and obtained

Ruan, Shigui

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The Recycling Center at UAB opened March 2, 2009! It is located at 620 11th  

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The Recycling Center at UAB opened March 2, 2009! It is located at 620 11th St. South. See map on the next UAB workday. UAB RECYCLING CENTER LAUNCHES DRIVE-THRU DROP-OFF SERVICE UAB RECYCLING CENTER 620 11 Paolone UAB Recycling Coordinator (205) 996-9043 GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS Please bring separated materials

Bedwell, David M.