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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Self-locking threaded fasteners  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A threaded fastener with a shape memory alloy (SMA) coatings on its threads is disclosed. The fastener has special usefulness in high temperature applications where high reliability is important. The SMA coated fastener is threaded into or onto a mating threaded part at room temperature to produce a fastened object. The SMA coating is distorted during the assembly. At elevated temperatures the coating tries to recover its original shape and thereby exerts locking forces on the threads. When the fastened object is returned to room temperature the locking forces dissipate. Consequently the threaded fasteners can be readily disassembled at room temperature but remains securely fastened at high temperatures. A spray technique is disclosed as a particularly useful method of coating of threads of a fastener with a shape memory alloy. 13 figs.

Glovan, R.J.; Tierney, J.C.; McLean, L.L.; Johnson, L.L.

1996-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

2

Self-locking threaded fasteners  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A threaded fastener with a shape memory alloy (SMA) coatings on its threads is disclosed. The fastener has special usefulness in high temperature applications where high reliability is important. The SMA coated fastener is threaded into or onto a mating threaded part at room temperature to produce a fastened object. The SMA coating is distorted during the assembly. At elevated temperatures the coating tries to recover its original shape and thereby exerts locking forces on the threads. When the fastened object is returned to room temperature the locking forces dissipate. Consequently the threaded fasteners can be readily disassembled at room temperature but remains securely fastened at high temperatures. A spray technique is disclosed as a particularly useful method of coating of threads of a fastener with a shape memory alloy.

Glovan, Ronald J. (Butte, MT); Tierney, John C. (Butte, MT); McLean, Leroy L. (Butte, MT); Johnson, Lawrence L. (Butte, MT)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Wire brush fastening device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fastening device is provided which is a variation on the conventional nut and bolt. The bolt has a longitudinal axis and threading helically affixed thereon along the longitudinal axis. A nut having a bore extending therethrough is provided. The bore of the nut has a greater diameter than the diameter of the bolt so the bolt can extend through the bore. An array of wire bristles are affixed within the bore so as to form a brush. The wire bristles extend inwardly from the bore and are constructed and arranged of the correct size, length and stiffness to guide the bolt within the bore and to restrain the bolt within the bore as required. A variety of applications of the wire brush nut are disclosed, including a bolt capture device and a test rig apparatus. 13 figs.

Meigs, R.A.

1995-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

4

Development of Steel Fastener Nano-Ceramic Coatings for Corrosion...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Steel Fastener Nano-Ceramic Coatings for Corrosion Protection of Magnesium Parts (AMD-704) Development of Steel Fastener Nano-Ceramic Coatings for Corrosion Protection of Magnesium...

5

Department of Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AND LIMITED ELECTIVE COURSE SELECTIONS...............................................5 DEPARTMENT OF AEROSPACE.......................................................................... 20 AEROSPACE ENGINEERING COOPERATIVE ED & INTERNSHIP PROGRAM...................22 AEROSPACE

6

Department of Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ELECTIVE COURSE SELECTIONS .................................5 DEPARTMENT OF AEROSPACE ENGINEERING PROGRAM AEROSPACE ENGINEERING COOPERATIVE ED & INTERNSHIP PROGRAM...................22 AEROSPACE ENGINEERING CO

7

ALL GRADE 5 AND GRADE 8 FASTENERS ...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

GRADE 8 FASTENERS WITH THE FOLLOWING MANUFACTURERS' HEADMARKS: MARK KS MARK J (CA TW JP YU) (Greater than 12 inch dia) MARK A NF H M MS Hollow Triangle E MARK KS RT FM...

8

DATE: NVLAP LAB CODE: FASTENERS AND METALS APPLICATION (REV. 2012-05-04) PAGE 1 OF 22  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Embrittlement Hydrogen embrittlement (stress durability) of externally threaded fasteners Hydrogen embrittlement for embrittlement of metallic coated externally threaded fasteners Fatigue Fatigue of full-size threaded fasteners

9

The effects of fastener hole defects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) August 1991 ABSTRACT The Effects of Fastener Hole Defects. (August 1991) Scot D. Andrews, B. S. , Texas A8rM University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Orden O. Ochoa The influence of drilling-induced defects, such as delamination, on the fatigue... Of Delaminated Zone Elements . . Figure 34. Enlarged View Of Area Near Hole 58 59 61 Page Figure 35. Example Finite Element Mesh Figure 36. Selected Elements For Stress Distribution Graphs . . Figure 37. Example Of o? Stress Distribution For 18 Ply Tape...

Andrews, Scot D.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

10

THE AEROSPACE  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Suile 4000, 955 L' Suile 4000, 955 L' Enfant Plnra, S. W., Washingmn, D.C. 20024-2174. Telephorre: (202) 488-6000 7117-03.87.cdy.27 27 May 1987 . Mr. 'Andrew Wallo, III, NE:23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland? 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: . STATUS OF ACTIONS - FUSRAP SITE LIST Aerospace recently completed ~a comprehensive review of sites listed in the FL&RAP Site Investigation and Remedial Action Summary Report, dated Uecember 31, 1986. The primary objectives of this review were to examine the status of each site identified in Sections II,and III of the Reportwith respect to actions required to complete.the~ Identification and Characterization .' : Process; to provide.'DFSD-a current status of these actions; and to identify

11

THE AEROSPACE  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Suire 4000, 955 L' Suire 4000, 955 L' Enfant Plax. S.W.., Wahinpon. KC. 200242174. Telephone: (202) 488.6000 7117~03.87.cdy.27 27 May 1987 Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE;23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: STATUS OF ACTIONS - FUSRAP SITE LIST Aerospace recently conipleted a comprehensive review of sites listed in the FUSRAP Site Investigation and Remedial Action Summary Report, dated Uecember 31, 1986. The primary objectives of this review were to examine the status of each site identified in Sections II and III of the Report with respect to actions required to complete the Identification and Characterization Process; to provide DFSD a current status of these actions; and to identify

12

Career Map: Aerospace Engineer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Wind Program's Career Map provides job description information for Aerospace Engineer positions.

13

Fasteners -- Preloading test for the detection of hydrogen embrittlement -- Parallel bearing surface method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fasteners -- Preloading test for the detection of hydrogen embrittlement -- Parallel bearing surface method

International Organization for Standardization. Geneva

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Sandia National Laboratories: Careers: Aerospace Engineering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerospace Engineering Aerospace imagery Sandia's aerospace engineers have provided critical data for the design and analysis of flight vehicles since the 1950s. Aerospace engineers...

15

Architectural disruption in aerospace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distinctive technology and customer / supplier relationships are currently the primary sources of competitive advantage in the Aerospace industry. Modular Open System Architecture (MOSA) requirements represent a significant ...

Ashworth, Geoffrey (Geoffrey John)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Mechanics of Insulator Behavior in Concrete Crosstie Fastening Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gauge · Protect shoulder and attenuate load entering shoulder · Provide electrical isolation betweenMechanics of Insulator Behavior in Concrete Crosstie Fastening Systems Joint Rail Conference and causes · Relevant material properties related to failure modes · Preliminary testing and results · Future

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

17

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering This presentation will address the development and transition of advanced structural health management (SHM) technologies from the perspective of understanding and the importance of understanding this role to increase the likelihood for transition of new technologies

18

AEROSPACE SCIENCES Applied aerodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AEROSPACE SCIENCES Applied aerodynamics This year saw significant progress in industry, research labs, and academia in the development of flow-control concepts, novel configuration aerodynamic concepts, and aerodynamic im- provement technologies for enhancing the fuel efficiency and performance

Xu, Kun

19

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering seminar Three Dimensional Traction Force Microscopy with Applications in Cell Mechanics abstract The interactions between biochemical and mechanical signals during-dimensional measurement techniques are needed to investigate the effect of mechanical properties of the substrate

20

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering An experimental methodology is presented for mechanism verification of physics-based prognosis of mechanical damage, such as fatigue. The proposed experimental methodology includes multi-resolution in-situ mechanical testing, advanced imaging analysis, and mechanism

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

f3 i.%# f3 i.%# r' f y -f THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION S&e 4000, 955 L' Enfant Plaza, S. W., WaJ>on, D.C. 20024, Telephone: (202) 488-6000 7005.82.aw.35 21 July 1982 Mr. Arthur J. Whitman Public Safety Division Office of Operational Safety, (EP-323) U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20585 Dear Mr. Whitman: UNIVERSAL CYCLOPS (VULCAN CRUCIBLE) SITE Enclosed are copies of AEC contracts and letters regarding the clean-up of the subject site. With a copy of this letter I am sending Hr. Steve Miller copies of the enclosed records. Aerospace is scheduled to review the Final Argonne survey report in order to determine the need for and priority of a remedial action at this site. This will be done using the PSD procedure for assigning priorities. Aerospace will begin this review as soon as other priorities

22

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Abstract Solid materials used in energy conversion and storage that couples the mechanical and chemical (or electrochemical) fields in solids via the use of stress-chemo- mechanical theory, two examples of practical interest will be discussed, namely, solid oxide fuel cells

23

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and nuclear energy. She is a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Fluids EngineeringMechanical & Aerospace Engineering Interfacial flows are multi-material flows comprised of two of the interface between the fluids and the interface physics (like surface tension) needs to be predicted as part

24

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

CT-. \5- 02/ CT-. \5- 02/ 'W Suite fOO0, 951 L'EnJanl Pluo. S. W., WaJhington. DC. 20021. Telephone: (202, 488.6000 7117-01.85.cdy.Z 19 September 1985 . Mr. Arthur Whitman, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 T-'.- ___.- -__ -.-. __ Dear Mr. Whitman: AUTHORITY REVIEW - METAL FABRICATION CONTRACTOR SITES ~__~ /,." ..x_- The attached-authoGty review prepared by Aerospace is provided for your considAerospace in that several sites are included< This

25

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION 20030 Century Blvd., Germanlown, Maryland 20767, Telephone: (301) 428-2700 7848-02.80.eav.34 16 September 1980 m777 Dr. William E. Mott Acting Director Environmental & Safety Engineering Division U. S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20767 Dear Dr. Mott: - UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO BUILDINGS USED BY THE MANHATTAN ENGINEER DISTRICT During a recent investigation of the official Manhattan Engineer District history, I came across some additional information that may be a reason to expand the survey work at the University of Chicago. It appears that several buildings werein use for research in physics (pile project), chemistry (separation and purification of U-235 and Pu-239) and health effects (metal toxicology and radiation

26

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

. . . . s ,-- :; 2 5 Y THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION . Suite 4000, 955 L' EnJant Flax. S. Iv., Wah' gt cn on, D.C. 20024-2174, Telephone: (202) 488-6000 7117-03.87.cdy.27 27 May 1987 Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE:23 Division of Facility,& Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: STATUS OF ACTIONS - FUSRAP SITE LIST Aerospace recently completed a comprehensive review of sites listed fin the FUSRAP Site Investigation and Remedial Action Summary Report, dated December 31, 1986. The primary objectives of this review were to examine the status of each site identified in Sections II and III of the Report with respect to actions required to complete the Identification and Characterization Process; to provide DFSD a current status of these actions; and to identify

27

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION \  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

'Al ... 'Al ... 35-y 3 fl+ I, .* THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION \ Suite 4000, 955 L'Enfant Plaza, S. W., Washington, D.C. 20024, Telephone: (202) 488.6000 7117-01.87.sej.16 28 July 1987 Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: FINAL ELIMINATION REPORTS AND SITE SUMMARIES Aerospace has completed its review and is forwarding the final elimination reports and site summaries for the following sites: University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ TVA, Muscle Shoals, AL Dow Chemical Company, Walnut Creek, CA Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO Havens Lab, Bridgeport Brass, Bridgeport, CT General Chemical (Allied Chemical), N. Claymont, DE Slater Steels (Joslyn Stainless Steels), Ft. Wayne, IN

28

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

1 . 1 . ' . THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION SUMAC 79oOs955 L' En/Mt Ph. S. W., Wahingron. D.C. 200242174, T&jhone (20.?) 48&&700 7117-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987 Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES The attached elimination recommendation was prepared in accordance with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The recommendation includes 26 colleges and universities identified.in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FIJSRAP Site List, dated 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, and the University of Washington) currently identified on the FUSRAP

29

Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle Workshop  

SciTech Connect

The Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle (UAV) Workshop concentrated on reviewing and refining the science experiments planned for the UAV Demonstration Flights (UDF) scheduled at the Oklahoma Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) in April 1994. These experiments were focused around the following sets of parameters: Clear sky, daylight; Clear-sky, night-to-day transition; Clear sky - improve/validate the accuracy of radiative fluxes derived from satellite-based measurements; Daylight, clouds of opportunity; and, Daylight, broken clouds.

Vitko, J. Jr. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Lie i9w, 9.55 L%n/anl Ph. S. W., Washington. D.C. 20024-2174, Tekphonc (202) 488-6000 Lie i9w, 9.55 L%n/anl Ph. S. W., Washington. D.C. 20024-2174, Tekphonc (202) 488-6000 7117-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987 Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES The attached elimination recommendation was prepared in accordance with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The recommendation includes 26 colleges and universities identified-in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, and the University of Washington) currently identified on the FUSRAP

31

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

CORPORATION CORPORATION Suite 7900, 955 L'Enfan Plaza, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2174, Telephone: (202) 488-6000 7117-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987 cA Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 C 0o Division of Facility & Site FL 'o-o Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy j /.o° Germantown, Maryland 20545 A/»O 2 - Dear Mr. Wallo: A0 .5 ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES A ,-O° -1 9.O?- The attached elimination recommendation was prepared in accordance 1L.°~ with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The recommendation ^ O.0-O0 includes 26 colleges and universities identified in Enclosure 4 to r .a. Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, A/COI

32

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

,' ,' \ -_e /' Suite 4000, 955 L' Erzfunt Plaza. S. W , bhrhrnqton, D.C. 20024, Telephone: (202) 488.6000 7117-01.87.sej.16 Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: FINAL ELIMINATION REPORTS AND SITE SUMMARIES Aerospace has completed its review and is forwarding the final elimination reports and site summaries for the following sites: /jZ.~la pi.0; I) PAA 0 z 0 p 1.7 , Cd> I 0 ( ' i ' 7 ' !, 0 ' C E q ' I) ~~~I' ~~ . LG.0 I@ iJ r; r>7, 0 w,or l University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ TVA, Muscle Shoals, AL Dow Chemical Company, Walnut Creek, CA Colorado School of M ines, Golden, CO Havens Lab, Bridgeport Brass, Bridgeport, CT General Chemical (Allied Chemical), N. Claymont, DE

33

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

363, 955 L' 363, 955 L' Enfant Plaza. S. W.. Washiq on. DC. 2002~2174. Telephone: (202)' 4&&6OOU 7117-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987 CA CAlOL) Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility E Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: In/ . O-01 r~A.os ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES : M/f).0-oS k1 El.o3- The attached elimination reconuaendation was prepared in accordance' - with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The recommendation includes 26 colleges and universities identified in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, and the University of Washington) currently identified on the FUSP.AP

34

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

.55 LyEnfant Plaro. S.W., Washingzon, D.C. 20024.2174, Telephone: (202) 488-6000 .55 LyEnfant Plaro. S.W., Washingzon, D.C. 20024.2174, Telephone: (202) 488-6000 7117-03.87.cdy.27 27 May 1987 Mr. 'Andrew Wallo, III, NE:23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland: 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: I STATUS OF ACTIONS - FUSRAP SITE LIST Aerospace recently completed .a comprehensive review of sites listed in the FUSRAP Site Investigation and Remedial Action Summary Report, dated Uecember 31, 1986. The primary objectives of this review were to examine the status of each site identified in Sections II and III of the Reportwith respect to actions required to complete the Identification and Characterization Process; to provide,DFSD a current-status of these actions; and to identify

35

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

53 L' 53 L' Enfant Plwn. S. W.. W w tn h. go on. D.C. 20024-2174. Telephone: (202) 488.6000 7117-03.87.cdy.27 27 May 1987 Mr. 'Andrew Wallo, III, NE:23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: STATUS OF ACTIOiVS - FUSRAP SITE LIST Aerospace recently completed a comprehensive review of sites listed in the FUSRAP Site Investigation and Remedial Action Summary Report, dated Uecerober 31, 1986. The primary objectives of this review were to examine the status of each site identified in Sections II and III 'of the Repkt,with respect to actions required to complete the Identification and Characterization Process; to provide DFSD a current status of these actions; and to identify

36

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

.%ilc 7900, 955 L*Enfam Plora. S. W.. Washingron. D.C. 20024.2174~ Tekphonr: (202) 488s .%ilc 7900, 955 L*Enfam Plora. S. W.. Washingron. D.C. 20024.2174~ Tekphonr: (202) 488s 7117-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987 Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Genantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES The attached elimination recommendation was prepared in accordance' /I- PlL.oE with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The recommendation flo.O-oz includes 26 colleges and universities identified,in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated M0.03' 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, rJcPo0 and the University of Washington) currently identified on the FUSRAP /

37

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

CORPORATION CORPORATION Sut e 4000, 955 L En/ant Plaa,. S W.. Walshngton, D C (0024, I'eicphone 1202) 488-6000 7117-03.85.aw.44 6 August 1985 Mr. Arthur Whitman Division of Remedial Action Projects, NE-24 U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Whitman: VANADIUM CORPORATION OF AMERICA PLANT NEAR 3RIDGEVILLE,PENNSYLVANIA Enclosed please find a brief summary on the Former VCA vanadium plant in Bridgeville, Pennsylvania. This site was used under contract, during the MED era, to support activities at several UMTRAP sites. In view of the relationship of this site to the UMTRAP sites, it is recommended that you evaluate it for consideration for inclusion as a vicinity property under UMTRAP. Aerospace will await your direction before conducting any additional site specific investigations.

38

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Department of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

held our Gator Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering (MAE) get together reception at the annual ASME heartwarming. We have always enjoyed the loyal support of our die-hard Gator grads. Expanding, deepening

Roy, Subrata

39

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION /  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

/ / @ St& i900.955 L' E+t Pk. S. W., Washingron. D.C. 20024-2174. Tdephonr: (202) 4884400 7117-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987 CA CA,OLf Mr. Andrew'Wallo. III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site c r-05 Deconnnissioning Projects f-L .0-d U.S. Department of Energy lr\/.QL Germantown, Maryland ,20,54B ., iAl*Oz I., a,:,. :.. ,.. i. ,i < Dear Mr. Wallo: 1hJ *o-o1 flA.QS ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES MA.o-05 rl D.OF The attached elimination recommendation was prepared in accordance ML.03 with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The recommendation flo.o-02 includes 26 colleges and universities identified.in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated N0.03. 27~May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, ~JcQol

40

Atmospheric corrosion of hot-dip galvanized bolts for fastening weathering steel guiderail  

SciTech Connect

The life of galvanized fastener coatings is only slightly reduced by coupling to weathering steel, provided the initial coating is thick enough to endure an initial period of galvanic attack prior to the development of a protective rust layer on the weathering steel. Typical thicknesses of hot-dip galvanized coatings (3 to 5 mil [76 to 127 [micro]m]) are adequate. Discoloration on the surface of weathering steel exposed to drainage from galvanized fasteners is superficial, and decreases with time of exposure.

Townsend, H.E.; Gorman, C.D. (Bethlehem Steel Corp., PA (United States)) Fischer, R.J. (New Jersey Highway Authority, NJ (United States))

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace.mmae.iit.edu Chair: Keith Bowman The Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering offers several flexible programs in mechanical and aerospace engineering, with five major areas of study: computer

Heller, Barbara

42

Computers and the aerospace engineer  

SciTech Connect

The use of computers in aerospace for design and analysis is described, and examples of project enhancements are presented. NASA is working toward the design of a numerical test cell that will allow integrated, multidisciplinary design, analysis, and optimization of propulsion systems. It is noted that with continuing advances in computer technology, including areas such as three-dimensional computer-aided design, finite element analysis, supercomputers, and artificial intelligence, the possibilities seem limitless for the aerospace engineer. Research projects are currently underway for design and/or reconfiguration of the V-22, B-767, SCRAMJET engines, F-16, and X29A using these techniques.

Trego, L.E.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

MACHINING ELIMINATION THROUGH APPLICATION OF THREAD FORMING FASTENERS IN NET SHAPED CAST HOLES  

SciTech Connect

The ultimate objective of this work was to eliminate approximately 30% of the machining performed in typical automotive engine and transmission plants by using thread forming fasteners in as-cast holes of aluminum and magnesium cast components. The primary issues at the source of engineers???????????????¢???????????????????????????????? reluctance to implementing thread forming fasteners in lightweight castings are: * Little proof of consistency of clamp load vs. input torque in either aluminum or magnesium castings. * No known data to understand the effect on consistency of clamp load as casting dies wear. The clamp load consistency concern is founded in the fact that a portion of the input torque used to create clamp load is also used to create threads. The torque used for thread forming may not be consistent due to variations in casting material, hole size and shape due to tooling wear and process variation (thermal and mechanical). There is little data available to understand the magnitude of this concern or to form the basis of potential solutions if the range of clamp load variation is very high (> +/- 30%). The range of variation that can be expected in as-cast hole size and shape over the full life cycle of a high pressure die casting die was established in previous work completed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, (PNNL). This established range of variation was captured in a set of 12 cast bosses by designing core pins at the size and draft angles identified in the sited previous work. The cast bosses were cut into ???????????????¢????????????????????????????????nuts???????????????¢??????????????????????????????? that could be used in the Ford Fastener Laboratory test-cell to measure clamp load when a thread forming fastener was driven into a cast nut. There were two sets of experiments run. First, a series of cast aluminum nuts were made reflecting the range of shape and size variations to be expected over the life cycle of a die casting die. Taptite thread forming fasteners, (a widely used thread forming fastener suitable for aluminum applications), were driven into the various cored, as-cast nuts at a constant input torque and resulting clamp loads were recorded continuously. The clamp load data was used to determine the range of clamp loads to be expected. The bolts were driven to failure. The clamp load corresponding to the target input of 18.5 Nm was recorded for each fastener. In a like fashion, a second set of experiments were run with cast magnesium nuts and ALtracs thread forming fasteners, (a widely used thread forming fastener suitable for magnesium applications). Again all clamp loads were recorded and analyzed similarly to the Taptites in aluminum cast nuts. Results from previous work performed on the same test cell for a Battelle project using standard M8 bolts into standard M8 nuts were included as a comparator for a standard bolt and nut application. The results for the thread forming fasteners in aluminum cast holes were well within industry expectations of +/- 30% for out of the box and robustness range te

Cleaver, Ryan J.; Cleaver, Todd H.; Talbott, Richard

2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

44

Hybrid LCA of a Design for Disassembly Technology: Active Disassembling Fasteners of Hydrogen Storage Alloys for Home Appliances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hybrid LCA of a Design for Disassembly Technology: Active Disassembling Fasteners of Hydrogen Storage Alloys for Home Appliances ... Hybrid LCA of the implementation of a new active disassembling fastener into appliances was conducted with emphasis on the quality of recovered scrap. ... This paper deals with a life cycle assessment (LCA) based on the waste input?output (WIO) model of an ADF developed using hydrogen storage alloys. ...

Shinichiro Nakamura; Eiji Yamasue

2010-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

45

Testing of Compact Bolted Fasteners with Insulation and Friction-Enhanced Shims for NCSX  

SciTech Connect

The fastening of the National Compact Stellarator Experiment's (NCSX) modular coils presented a number of engineering and manufacturing challenges due to the high magnetic forces, need to control induced currents, tight tolerances and restrictive space envelope. A fastening method using high strength studs, jack nuts, insulating spacers, bushings and alumina coated shims was developed which met the requirements. A test program was conducted to verify the design. The tests included measurements of flatness of the spacers, determination of contact area, torque vs. tension of the studs and jack nuts, friction coefficient tests on the alumina and G-10 insulators, electrical tests, and tension relaxation tests due to temperature excursions from room temperature to liquid nitrogen temperatures. This paper will describe the design and the results of the test program.

L. E. Dudek, J.H. Chrzanowski, G. Gettelfinger, P. Heitzenroeder, S. Jurczynski, M. Viola and K. Freudenberg

2009-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

46

The ARM Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

long- endurance class of unmanned aircraft known as the unmanned aerospace vehicle (UAV). A UAV (Figure 1) is a small, lightweight airplane that is controlled remotely from...

47

AEROSPACE AMERICA/DECEMBER 2009 5 A collaboration between GKN Aerospace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AEROSPACE AMERICA/DECEMBER 2009 5 A collaboration between GKN Aerospace and Honeywell Aerospace with a perforated composite facesheet. Far-field acoustic surveys on a full- scale demonstrator engine at Honeywell Engines, Honeywell International, Pratt & Whitney, and Rolls- Royce. Its programs include assessing the ef

Tinney, Charles E.

48

Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering Department of Mechanical, Materials@mmae.iit.edu www.mmae.iit.edu Chair: Keith Bowman Associate Chair: Kevin Cassel The Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering offers several flexible programs in mechanical and aerospace

Heller, Barbara

49

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering The Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (MAE) at the University of Florida invites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering The Department of Mechanical and aerospace sciences, (4) cellular mechanics and engineering, (5) energy, with emphasis on renewable of the above areas. Applicants must have a Ph.D. in mechanical or aerospace engineering

Roy, Subrata

50

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University at Buffalo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University at Buffalo S t a t e U n i v e r s i t y o f N e w Y o r k MAE Seminar Series Rotation and Vorticity in Mechanics and Physics Alireza Hadjesfandiari Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University at Buffalo ah@buffalo.edu Abstract: Rotation

Krovi, Venkat

51

Oklahoma Aerospace Intellectual Capital/Educational Recommendations: an Inquiry of Oklahoma Aerospace Executives.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this qualitative study was to conduct detailed personal interviews with aerospace industry executives/managers from both the private and military sectors from across (more)

Nelson, Erin M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

German Aerospace Center (DLR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aerospace Center (DLR) Aerospace Center (DLR) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: German Aerospace Center (DLR) Name German Aerospace Center (DLR) Place Cologne, Germany Number of employees 5001-10,000 Coordinates 50.9406645°, 6.9599115° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.9406645,"lon":6.9599115,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

53

VOC reduction strategies for the aerospace industry  

SciTech Connect

The aerospace NESHAP, which was issued on September 1, 1995, requires reductions in Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and organic Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP) emissions associated with the application of primer and topcoat. The regulation affects any facility that is a major source of HAPs and produces, reworks, or repairs, in any amount any commercial, civil, or military aerospace vehicle. Options for reducing VOC and organic HAP emissions include use of low VOC/organic HAP containing coatings or implementation of air pollution control systems. Use of primers and topcoats that meet the regulatory limits for VOC and organic HAP content is clearly the lowest cost option of meeting requirements of the aerospace NESHAP. However, some facilities have been unsuccessful in identifying aerospace paints and primers that meet requirements of the NESHAP and also have acceptable performance properties. For those aerospace companies considering implementation of air pollution control systems, several strategies can help to reduce the anticipated capital and operating costs. Such strategies include: segregation of specialty coatings, non-aerospace coatings, and low-use coatings not affected by the aerospace NESHAP from regulated paints and primers; reduction of airflows in affected booths; recirculation of air; and combination of exhausts from one or more booth. Estimated capital and operating costs are also provided for the air pollution control systems best suited for aircraft painting and priming operations. These systems include regenerative thermal oxidizers and fluidized bed/rotary concentrators in conjunction with thermal oxidizers. Even after implementing strategies to reduce VOC and organic HAP pollution control system costs, economics will dictate use of compliant primers and topcoats for many aerospace companies. 6 refs.

Bauer, J.P. [Burns & McDonnell, Kansas City, MO (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

54

ANALYSIS OF THE SHEAR BEHAVIOR OF RAIL PAD ASSEMBLIES AS A COMPONENT OF THE CONCRETE SLEEPER FASTENING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fastening System RAIL PAD ASSEMBLY LATERAL DISPLACEMENT FAILURE MODE AND EFFECT ANALYSIS (FMEA) INTRODUCTION life · FMEA is used to define, identify, evaluate and eliminate potential failures from the system · FMEA was used to guide the process of answering questions related to the component behavior and also

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

55

AEROSPACE ENGINEERING YOU CAN COUNT ON OUR AEROSPACE ENGINEERING INTERNS FOR ANY PROJECTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AEROSPACE ENGINEERING YOU CAN COUNT ON OUR AEROSPACE ENGINEERING INTERNS FOR ANY PROJECTS INVOLVING > NASTRAN/ANSYS > MATLAb > LabVIEW #12;DO YOU REQUIRE A CANDIDATE IN A SPECIALIZED FIELD? DEPENDING ON THE NATURE OF YOUR PROJECT, YOU CAN CHOOSE A CANDIDATE SPECIALIZING IN ONE OF THE FOLLOWING AREAS

Skorobogatiy, Maksim

56

Aerospace NESHAP: A collaborative approach to implementation  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Aerospace National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) is to minimize emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from major sources who manufacture or rework aerospace vehicles or components. The NESHAP requires emission reductions through implementation of work practices, application of slower evaporating solvents and coatings with low-HAP and low-VOC content, usage of high transfer efficiency spray equipment, and installation of high capture efficiency exhaust filtration for coatings containing metals. The rule also requires extensive monitoring, recordkeeping, and self-reporting to track compliance. For existing sources the rule becomes effective September 1,1998. Over the past year the Puget Sound Air Pollution Control Agency (PSAPCA) has worked with the Boeing Company and EPA to identify the requirements of the aerospace NESHAP, understand what it means in everyday practice, and develop an enforcement strategy for ensuring compliance. A workshop was held with aerospace manufacturers, local regulators, and EPA to discuss implementation of the rule. Issues regarding compliance efforts and determinations were openly discussed. Subsequent to the workshop, PSAPCA and the Boeing Company participated in several mock inspections to review facility compliance efforts before the rule became effective. Collaborative efforts also ensued to develop operating permit monitoring requirements. Aerospace NESHAP requirements were incorporated into these permits. There are still questions regarding compliance determinations that must be further discussed and resolved. But by using the collaborative approach and having regulators and sources working together, there is a process to work out answers and approaches that will lead to an increased mutual understanding of the aerospace NESHAP and eventual compliance with the standard.

McAfee, M.; Lee, A.; Williamson, C.; Willenberg, J.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

57

Aerospace Power & Electronics Simulation Workshop 2004 Satellite Attitude Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aerospace Power & Electronics Simulation Workshop 2004 · Satellite Attitude Control System Design Using Reaction Wheels Bhanu Gouda Brian Fast Dan Simon #12;2Aerospace Power & Electronics Simulation;3Aerospace Power & Electronics Simulation Workshop 2004 ADCS ·ADCS: Attitude Determination and Control

Simon, Dan

58

aerospace & mechanical (AME) AME overview programs available  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

22 aerospace & mechanical (AME) AME overview · programs available courses of instruction-thruster (the Free Molecule Micro-Resistojet) and the aerodynamics of ground vehicles. Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineers apply scientific methodology to find solutions to mechanical problems and to create

Rohs, Remo

59

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Turning Ideas into Reality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Turning Ideas into Reality EnErgy Environ m Ent HEaltH mat Overview The Courses Mechanical Engineering (MEng / BEng) Mechanical Engineering With International Study (MEng / BEng) Aero-Mechanical Engineering (MEng / BEng) E N T r y F A Q S A p p l y i n g C a m p u

Mottram, Nigel

60

Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design; sustainable design; additive manufacturing; manufacturing of advanced and multifunctional 607 255-0813 mc288@cornell.edu October 2014 Faculty Position in Design and Manufacturing Mechanical and Manufacturing, as related strongly to the disciplines within Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. Candidates

Bonassar, Larry

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Single Ion Implantation  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

On the equipment needed to implant ions in silicon and other materials. More information: http://newscenter.lbl.gov/f...

Thomas Schenkel

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

62

High Temperature Materials for Aerospace Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

below 430 ?C for exposure times up to 20 minutes. Transition-metal carbides were initially synthesized by carbothermal reduction of transition-metal halides and polymer precursor mixtures, at temperatures that range from 900 to 1500 ?C in an argon... ........................................ 20 2.3 Present/Future Aerospace Applications ......................................... 24 2.4 Ultra-High Temperature Materials ................................................. 27 2.4.1 Transition-Metal Carbides...

Adamczak, Andrea Diane

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

63

Development of CSS-42L{trademark}, a high performance carburizing stainless steel for high temperature aerospace applications  

SciTech Connect

Today`s aerospace engineering challenges demand materials which can operate under conditions of temperature extremes, high loads and harsh, corrosive environments. This paper presents a technical overview of the on-going development of CSS-42L (US Patent No. 5,424,028). This alloy is a case-carburizable, stainless steel alloy suitable for use in applications up to 427 C, particularly suited to high performance rolling element bearings, gears, shafts and fasteners. The nominal chemistry of CSS-42L includes: (by weight) 0.12% carbon, 14.0% chromium, 0.60% vanadium, 2.0% nickel, 4.75% molybdenum and 12.5% cobalt. Careful balancing of these components combined with VIM-VAR melting produces an alloy that can be carburized and heat treated to achieve a high surface hardness (>58 HRC at 1mm (0.040 in) depth) with excellent corrosion resistance. The hot hardness of the carburized case is equal to or better than all competitive grades, exceeding 60 HRC at 427 C. The fracture toughness and impact resistance of the heat treated core material have likewise been evaluated in detail and found to be better than M50-NiL steel. The corrosion resistance has been shown to be equivalent to that of 440C steel in tests performed to date.

Burrier, H.I.; Milam, L. [Timken Co., Canton, OH (United States); Tomasello, C.M.; Balliett, S.A.; Maloney, J.L. [Latrobe Steel Co., Latrobe, PA (United States); Ogden, W.P. [MPB Corp., Lebanon, NH (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

64

Structural Health Monitoring Using FBGs for Aerospace and Composite Manufacturing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fiber Bragg gratings may be utilized to monitor the structural integrity of key components of aerospace structures including composite parts, adhesive joints and deformation of...

Udd, Eric

65

Material Characterization Of Rigid Foam Insulation For Aerospace Vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? There is a continuing need for improved rigid foam insulation, particularly for cryogenic storage aboard aerospace vehicles. The present work is a material characterization (more)

Barrios, Matt

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

College of Engineering, Department of Aerospace and Ocean Engineering BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN AEROSPACE ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STRUCTIJRES 3134 STABILITY & CONTROL OR 4140 SPACECRAFT DYNAl\\.1ICS& CONTROL 3264 RESISTANCE & PROPULSION AEROSPACE PROPULSION SYSTEMS 3 AEROENGRLAB I OCEAN ENGINEERlNG LABORATORY I ~ 17 l 18 SENIOR YEAR· AOE AOE" MARINE ENGINEERING PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS FOR ENGINEERS 3 3 3 3 ~ 15 In order to eoter

Virginia Tech

67

The ARM unpiloted aerospace vehicle (UAV) program  

SciTech Connect

Unmanned aerospace vehicles (UAVs) are an important complement to the DOE`s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. ARM is primarily a ground-based program designed to extensively quantify the radiometric and meteorological properties of an atmospheric column. There is a need for airborne measurements of radiative profiles, especially flux at the tropopause, cloud properties, and upper troposphere water vapor. There is also a need for multi-day measurements at the tropopause; for example, in the tropics, at 20 km for over 24 hours. UAVs offer the greatest potential for long endurance at high altitudes and may be less expensive than piloted flights. 2 figs.

Sowle, D. [Mission Research Corporation, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerospace sensor component Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Simplorer and Matlab 12;29Aerospace Power & Electronics Simulation Workshop 2004 Matlab... Aerospace Power & Electronics Simulation Workshop 2004 ... Source: Simon, Dan -...

69

34 McCormick / spring Lead mechanical engineer, Titan Aerospace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and solar panels. Anyway, I learned about the job through a solar car listserv. I contacted him and becameCormick: What does Titan Aerospace do? Cornew: Titan Aerospace is a startup that designs and builds solar-powered unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones. Our long-term goal is to build solar-powered UAVs that could stay

Chen, Wei

70

Rensselaer Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rensselaer Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering ANNUAL REPORT 2013 #12;facts & figures DEpARtMENt of MEchANicAl, AERospAcE, AND NuclEAR ENgiNEERiNg stuDENts 1 Engineering 24 Nuclear Engineering 14 DEgREEs offERED Aeronautical Engineering (B.s., M.Eng., M.s., ph

Salama, Khaled

71

BS in Aerospace Engineering ABET Accreditation The Bachelor of Science program in Aerospace Engineering at Syracuse University is accredited by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context (iBS in Aerospace Engineering ABET Accreditation The Bachelor of Science program in Aerospace Engineering at Syracuse University is accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET, http

Mohan, Chilukuri K.

72

BS in Aerospace Engineering ABET Accreditation The Bachelor of Science program in Aerospace Engineering at Syracuse University is accredited by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context (iBS in Aerospace Engineering ABET Accreditation The Bachelor of Science program in Aerospace Engineering at Syracuse University is accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET

Mohan, Chilukuri K.

73

MDF dust/PP composites reinforced with nanoclay: Morphology, long-term physical properties and withdrawal strength of fasteners in dry and saturated conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study, effect of nanoclay loading (0%, 2%, 4% and 6%) on long-term physical properties and withdrawal strength of fasteners before and after saturation of polypropylene/MDF dust composites was investigated. Sanding dust of medium density fiberboard (MDF) was used as lignocellulose material and polypropylene as the thermoplastic material. The results showed that long-term water absorption (WA) and thickness swelling (TS) was found to decrease as the nanoclay loading increased. Also, WA and TS both were increased with increasing MDF dust content. Maximum withdrawal strengths of fasteners (screws and nails) were obtained in the samples reinforced with 2% weight percentages nanoclay. Withdrawal strengths of fasteners in saturated state toward unsaturated state were decreased. In fact, exposure to water for long term was resulted in significant reduction in withdrawal strengths of fasteners due to the degradation of the fiber/matrix interface. The morphological analysis of woodplastic composite (WPC) samples was carried out by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) to study the fiber/matrix adhesion interactions. X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed the formation of intercalated nanostructure.

Arash Chavooshi; Mehrab Madhoushi; Mohammad Navi; Mohammad Yousef Abareshi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Mr. Andy Wall0 The Aerospace Corporation  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

'k.f' :, , j '"; ,,' 'k.f' :, , j '"; ,,' DEC 5 1984 Mr. Andy Wall0 The Aerospace Corporation suite 4000 955 L'Enfant Plaza, S.W. Washington, D.C. 20024 Dear Mr. Wallo: The Divisfon of Remedial Action Projects staff has reviewed the authority review documents for Gardinler, Inc., Tampa, Florida; Conserv (formerly Virginia-Carolina Chemical Co.), Nichols, Florida; and Blockson Chemical co., Joliet, Illinois. Based on the content therein and in consultation with Mr. Steve Miller, Office of General Counsel (C&11), Departamt of Energy, It has been determined that the Department has no authority, through the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, to conduct remedial action at the aforementioned sites, Therefore, please prepare the document packages necessary to notify the appropriate state authorities and the

75

THE AEROSPACE CORPORA-iION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

CORPORA-iION CORPORA-iION Suite 4000. 955 L' EnJant Plnro. S. W.. Washingion. D.C. 20024-2174. Telephone: (2d2) 488-6000 7117~03.87.cdy.27 27 May 1987 Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE:23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: STATUS OF ACTIONS - FUSRAP SITE LIST Aerospace recently completed a comprehensive review of sites listed in the FUSRAP Site Investigation and Remeaial Action Summary Report, dated December 31, 1986. The primary objectives of this review were to examine the,status of each site identified in Sections II and III of the Report.with respect to actions required to complete the Identification and Characterization Process; to provide DFSD a current status of these actions; and to identify

76

Hr. Andrew Wallo The Aerospace Corporation  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Department of Energy Department of Energy Washington, b.C. 20545 OCT 28 1985 // && ' Q Hr. Andrew Wallo The Aerospace Corporation Suite 4000 955 L'Enfant Plaza, S.W. Washington, D.C. 20024 Dear Andy: The comTIents and authority decision from the following sites are set out 2cL.f I below. No additional cments are included; therefore, a careful editoria review of these documents should be made when the documents are finalized. t 1. Watertown Arsenal, Watertown, HA NY.4 Although building 421 was used for AEC operation under contract #AT(30-I)-956, there is insufficient evidence that DOE has the authority to conduct remedial action at this site. Buildings 34, 41, and the GSA site are not, nor were they, the responsibility of the DOE. Therefore, based on the evidence noted in the authority review, it is .

77

Chapter 29. The Retinal Implant Project The Retinal Implant Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-04A1 VA Center for Innovative Visual Rehabilitation MOSIS provides IC fabrication at no cost ProjectChapter 29. The Retinal Implant Project 29-1 The Retinal Implant Project RLE Group Retinal Implant Drohan, Dr. William Ellersick, Oscar Mendoza Introduction to the Retinal Implant Project The Retinal

78

Aerospace mergers and acquisitions from a lean enterprise perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past twenty years, companies in the aerospace industry experienced major transitions: mergers and acquisitions, and lean transformation initiatives. This thesis presents research about the relation of lean efforts ...

Kim, Junhong, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Development of alternate parts for the aerospace industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the topic of the development of alternate parts for the aerospace industry, drawing on industry examples to demonstrate methods and approaches and the benefits to firms engaged in these activities. I ...

Tapley, James Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

ARM - Field Campaign - Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle (UAV) IOP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsUnmanned Aerospace Vehicle (UAV) IOP Campaign Links ARM UAV Program Science Plan ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Reduction of rework at a large aerospace manufacturer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is an axiom of the manufacturing of any complex product that errors will occur that require repair or discard of said product. In building aircraft, Raptor Aerospace encounters and repairs numerous deviations from the ...

Lieberman, Jeremy A. (Jeremy Alan)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

New AB-Thermonuclear Reactor for Aerospace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are two main methods of nulcear fusion: inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and magnetic confinement fusion (MCF). Existing thermonuclear reactors are very complex, expensive, large, and heavy. They cannot achieve the Lawson creterion. The author offers an innovation. ICF has on the inside surface of the shell-shaped combustion chamber a covering of small Prism Reflectors (PR) and plasma reflector. These prism reflectors have a noteworthy advantage, in comparison with conventional mirror and especially with conventional shell: they multi-reflect the heat and laser radiation exactly back into collision with the fuel target capsule (pellet). The plasma reflector reflects the Bremsstrahlung radiation. The offered innovation decreases radiation losses, creates significant radiation pressure and increases the reaction time. The Lawson criterion increases by hundreds of times. The size, cost, and weight of a typical installation will decrease by tens of times. The author is researching the efficiency of these innovations. Keywords: Thermonuclear reactor, Multi-reflex AB-thermonuclear reactor, aerospace thermonuclear engine. This work is presented as paper AIAA-2006-7225 to Space-2006 Conference, 19-21 September, 2006, San Jose, CA, USA.

Alexander Bolonkin

2007-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

83

Photon Tools for Fuel Spray Studies in Aerospace Propulsion Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tools for Fuel Spray Studies in Aerospace Tools for Fuel Spray Studies in Aerospace Propulsion Systems Kuo-Cheng Lin, 1 Campbell D. Carter, 2 and Stephen A. Schumaker 3 1 Taitech, Inc., 1430 Oak Court, Suite 301, Beavercreek, OH 45430, USA; 2 Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433, USA; 3 Air Force Research Laboratory, Edwards Air Force Base, CA 93524, USA Fuel injection plays an important role in establishing stable and efficient combustion inside the combustor of a liquid-fueled aerospace propulsion system. Depending on the application of interest, fuel injection conditions range from high-speed crossflows in the air-breathing propulsion systems to quiescent environments with extremely high pressures in the rocket engines. In addition to the typical liquid

84

Multistate analysis and design : case studies in aerospace design and long endurance systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research contributes to the field of aerospace engineering by proposing and demonstrating an integrated process for the early-stage, multistate design of aerospace systems. The process takes into early consideration ...

Agte, Jeremy S. (Jeremy Sundermeyer)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Aerospace and Mechanical Engineers design and build unique, complex mechanical, optical,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

20 Aerospace and Mechanical Engineers design and build unique, complex mechanical, optical, far underground, and deep inside the intricacies of our own bodies. Aerospace and Mechanical skills in the areas of mechanics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, materials and automatic

Rohs, Remo

86

Aerospace and Mechanical Engineers design and build unique, complex mechanical, optical, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

20 Aerospace and Mechanical Engineers design and build unique, complex mechanical, optical, far underground, and deep inside the intricacies of our own bodies. Aerospace and Mechanical skills in the areas of mechanics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, materials and automatic

Rohs, Remo

87

Remote actuated valve implant  

SciTech Connect

Valve implant systems positionable within a flow passage, the systems having an inlet, an outlet, and a remotely activatable valve between the inlet and outlet, with the valves being operable to provide intermittent occlusion of the flow path. A remote field is applied to provide thermal or magnetic activation of the valves.

McKnight, Timothy E; Johnson, Anthony; Moise, Jr., Kenneth J; Ericson, Milton Nance; Baba, Justin S; Wilgen, John B; Evans, III, Boyd McCutchen

2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

88

CU-CAS-00-14 CENTER FOR AEROSPACE STRUCTURES Recent Advances in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CU-CAS-00-14 CENTER FOR AEROSPACE STRUCTURES Recent Advances in Finite Element Templates by C. A;Recent Advances in Finite Element Templates Carlos A. Felippa Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences and Center for Aerospace Structures University of Colorado at Boulder Boulder, Colorado 80309

Felippa, Carlos A.

89

UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE Lecturer/Senior Lecturer/Reader in Mechanical or Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

areas: space/aerospace systems; micro/nano fluids and flows; energy engineering; or the mechanicsUNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE Lecturer/Senior Lecturer/Reader in Mechanical or Aerospace Engineering Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Salary range: £33,320 - £58,157, open contract (with 3-year

90

Soft core based embedded systems in critical aerospace applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is an increasing interest in the aerospace industry to reduce the cost of the systems by means of using Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) devices. The engineering of novel microsatellites and nanosatellites are clear examples of this new trend. However, ... Keywords: Co-design, Fault tolerance, Low-cost satellites, Reliability, Single Event Upset, Soft-error mitigation, Soft-microprocessors, Transient fault

Sergio Cuenca-Asensi; Antonio Martnez-lvarez; Felipe Restrepo-Calle; Francisco R. Palomo; Hiplito Guzmn-Miranda; Miguel A. Aguirre

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Static Analysis and Verification of Aerospace Software by Abstract Interpretation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

synchronous control/command software in open loop. Recent advances consider imperfectly synchronous, parallelStatic Analysis and Verification of Aerospace Software by Abstract Interpretation Julien Bertrane ´Ecole normale sup´erieure, Paris Patrick Cousot, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, NYU, New

Miné, Antoine

92

Applying electronic contracting to the aerospace aftercare domain Felipe Meneguzzia,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applying electronic contracting to the aerospace aftercare domain Felipe Meneguzzia, , Sanjay The contract project was a European Commission project whose aim was to develop frame- works, components contracts. In this context, an electronic contract provides a specifi- cation of the expected behaviours

Luck, Michael

93

International Workshop SMART MATERIALS, STRUCTURES & NDT in AEROSPACE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Workshop SMART MATERIALS, STRUCTURES & NDT in AEROSPACE Conference NDT in Canada 2011 FRACTIONAL CONTROLLER FOR THE VIBRATION SUPPRESSION OF A SMART BEAM Cem ONAT1 , Melin SAHIN 2 , Yavuz YAMAN3 controller is designed for the suppression of the flexural vibrations of a smart beam. The designed

Yaman, Yavuz

94

I I THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION I I,W. I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

s s I I THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION I I,W. I .%tc 7900,955 L%nfam Plaza. S. W., Wahingron. D.C. 20024-2174, T~kpdnc: (202) 488-6@~ 7117~03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987 CR CA*03 Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Deconnnissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND "NIVERSITIiS M/&b-s pl p.o- The attached elimination recommendation was prepared in accordance ML.05 with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The recommendation nO.o-02 .includes 26 colleges and universities identified,in Enclosure 14 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated M0.63. 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University oftVirginia,

95

Working Group Reports Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle Workshop J. Vitko, Jr.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working Group Reports Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle Workshop J. Vitko, Jr. Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, California The Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle (UAV) Workshop concentrated on reviewing and refining the science experiments planned for the UAV Demonstration Flights (UDF) scheduled at the Oklahoma Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) in April 1994. These experiments are summarized below. UDF Experiments 1. Clear sky, daylight Scientific questions: Do models and observations agree? Under varying conditions (low/high humidity, low/high aerosols)? How accurately can we measure fluxes? What is the impact of surface "patchiness" in the visible? In the IR? At what length scales does it average out? Flight profiles: Minimum of 2 hrs centered on solar noon, clear sky, three altitude tiers, 10- to 20-km legs;

96

Beijing Jinfeng Aerospace S T Developments Company | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jinfeng Aerospace S T Developments Company Jinfeng Aerospace S T Developments Company Jump to: navigation, search Name Beijing Jinfeng Aerospace S&T Developments Company Place Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip 100000 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen Product Producer of hydrogen storing metals and one of 13 manufacturers which have a combined production capacity of 7,000 tons/year. The company is working on possible uses of hydrogen for transport applications. Coordinates 39.90601°, 116.387909° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.90601,"lon":116.387909,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

97

Reliability-based framework for fatigue damage prognosis of bonded structural elements in aerospace composite structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

situ damage detection of composite materials for structuralmaterials, Journal of Composite Materials , 10, 342-354,effects in damaged composite aerospace structures ,

Gobbato, Maurizio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerospace safety advisory Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SAFETY ADVISORY PANEL ANNUAL REPORT FOR 2010 12;THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY BLANK 12;NASA... AEROSPACE SAFETY ADVISORY PANEL National Aeronautics and Space Administration...

99

Business Sense and Technical Merit: Case Studies on Laser Additive Manufacturing for Aerospace Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Laser additive manufacturing techniques are demonstrated in two case studies to be able to produce aerospace components which meet all technical requirements whilst the cost of...

Wu, Xinhua; Mei, Junfa

100

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerospace medicine vol Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

@seas.ucla.edu William S. Klug Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering klug@seas.ucla.edu H. Phillip Koeffler Medicine... -Ophthalmology & Neurology jld@ucla.edu Daniel Ennis...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerospace systems test Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

systems test Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aerospace systems test Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 MSc Programme Engineering Summary:...

102

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerospace engineering students Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

take courses that include the ... Source: Oklahoma State University, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Building and Thermal Systems Research Group Collection:...

103

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerospace engineering Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

take courses that include the ... Source: Oklahoma State University, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Building and Thermal Systems Research Group Collection:...

104

Bayesian Hierarchical Models for aerospace gas turbine engine prognostics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Improved prognostics is an emerging requirement for modern health monitoring that aims to increase the fidelity of failure-time predictions by the appropriate use of sensory and reliability information. In the aerospace industry, it is a key technology to maximise aircraft availability, offering a route to increase time in-service and to reduce operational disruption through improved asset management. An aircraft engine is a complex system comprising multiple subsystems that have dependent interactions so it is difficult to construct a model of its degradation dynamics based on physical principles. This complexity suggests that a statistically robust methodology for handling large quantities of real-time data would be more appropriate. In this work, therefore, a Bayesian approach is taken to exploit fleet-wide data from multiple assets to perform probabilistic estimation of remaining useful life for civil aerospace gas turbine engines. The paper establishes a Bayesian Hierarchical Model to perform inference and inform a probabilistic model of remaining useful life. Its performance is compared with that of an existing Bayesian non-Hierarchical Model and is found to be superior in typical (heterogeneous) scenarios. The techniques use Bayesian methods to combine two sources of information: historical in-service data across the engine fleet and once per-flight transmitted performance measurement from the engine(s) under prognosis. The proposed technique provides predictive results within well defined uncertainty bounds and demonstrates several advantages of the hierarchical variants ability to integrate multiple unit data to address realistic prognostic challenges. This is illustrated by an example from a civil aerospace gas turbine fleet data.

Martha A. Zaidan; Robert F. Harrison; Andrew R. Mills; Peter J. Fleming

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Ion Implantation for Surface Engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low energy accelerators are used widely for the modification of materials and in research on material properties. The ion implantation of semiconductors becomes an industrial application of major importance. T...

P. Mazzoldi

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

UAVs in climate research: The ARM Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle Program  

SciTech Connect

In the last year, a Department of Energy/Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program project known as ``ARM-UAV`` has made important progress in developing and demonstrating the utility of unmanned aerospace vehicles as platforms for scientific measurements. Recent accomplishments include a series of flights using an atmospheric research payload carried by a General Atomics Gnat UAV at Edwards AFB, California, and over ground instruments located in north-central Oklahoma. The reminder of this discussion will provide background on the program and describe the recent flights.

Bolton, W.R.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Acquisitions and alliances in the aerospace industry: an unusual triad  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The two primary sectors of the aerospace industry, commercial and military aviation, are each dominated by two key firms Airbus Industrie and Boeing in the commercial sector, and Lockheed Martin and Boeing in the military sector. This unique triad offers an opportunity for examining how technology acquisition and business development are pursued under such circumstances. The paper shows that alliances are utilised by both major players in commercial aviation, while acquisitions are the principal strategies selected in the military aviation industry. Boeing appears to shift its strategic choices appropriately by industry to match its competitors as well as to correspond to the approach advocated by related technology strategy literature.

Albert Antoine; Carl B. Frank; Hideaki Murata; Edward Roberts

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

An Assessment of the Degree of Implementation of the Lean Aerospace Initiative Principles and Practices within the US Aerospace and Defense Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report is a formal documentation of the results of an assessment of the degree to which Lean Principles and Practices have been implemented in the US Aerospace and Defense Industry. An Industry Association team prepared ...

Shaw, Thomas E.

109

KNOWLEDGE INTEGRATION FOR PROBLEM SOLVING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMPLEX AEROSPACE SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

KNOWLEDGE INTEGRATION FOR PROBLEM SOLVING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMPLEX AEROSPACE SYSTEMS by MARC. Haddad #12;KNOWLEDGE INTEGRATION FOR PROBLEM SOLVING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMPLEX AEROSPACE SYSTEMS and Policy Track ABSTRACT The development ofcomplex products requires widespread knowledge interactions among

de Weck, Olivier L.

110

JOURNAL OF AEROSPACE COMPUTING, INFORMATION, AND COMMUNICATION Vol. 2, November 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

variance of Kriging model ^2 total total variance of model I. Introduction WITH recent advancesJOURNAL OF AEROSPACE COMPUTING, INFORMATION, AND COMMUNICATION Vol. 2, November 2005 Data Mining Aerospace Exploration Agency, Tokyo, 181-0015, Japan and Shigeru Obayashi Tohoku University, Sendai, 980

Coello, Carlos A. Coello

111

News for Mechanical Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Engineering Mechanics, and Nuclear Engineering Alumni  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in contributing to the key areas of energy, transportation, manufacturing, environment, and health. Q: What do youNews for Mechanical Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Engineering Mechanics, and Nuclear of the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering effective July 1, 2012. Selamet has been a professor

Singh, Rajendra

112

1 Aerospace EngineeringLampton and Valasek Prediction of Icing Effects on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/Directional Stability and Control of Light Airplanes Amanda Lampton Dr. John Valasek Texas A&M University AIAA Median volumetric diameter #12;5 Aerospace EngineeringLampton and Valasek Separation Bubble Schematic of Upper Surface Separation Bubble Aft of Leading-Edge Ice Accretion #12;6 Aerospace Engineering

Valasek, John

113

Lampton & Valasek-1 Aerospace Engineering Prediction of Icing Effects on the Stability and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lampton & Valasek- 1 Aerospace Engineering Prediction of Icing Effects on the Stability and Control content Median volumetric diameter #12;Lampton & Valasek- 5 Aerospace Engineering Separation Bubble Schematic of Upper Surface Separation Bubble Aft of Leading-Edge Ice Accretion #12;Lampton & Valasek- 6

Valasek, John

114

Aerospace Stream Selection Streams A,B,CStreams A,B,C  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mechanics, vehicle performance ­ Launch vehicle propulsion and aerodynamics,p p y wind energy, ground Winter 2013 #12;Outline Aerospace Industry in Canada History of Carleton's Bachelor of Aerospace , aeroelastic analysis, aircraft mechanical systems, landing gear, engine design, manufacturing ­ Wind turbine

Dawson, Jeff W.

115

1Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering nacThe Gaerttner Laboratory RPI LINAC Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering nacThe Gaerttner Laboratory RPI LINAC Facility and Nuclear Engineering nacThe Gaerttner Laboratory Capabilities of the RPI LINAC · Pulsed Electron Beam ­ 7ns;4Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering nacThe Gaerttner Laboratory Capabilities of the RPI LINAC

Danon, Yaron

116

Implantable biomedical devices on bioresorbable substrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Provided herein are implantable biomedical devices, methods of administering implantable biomedical devices, methods of making implantable biomedical devices, and methods of using implantable biomedical devices to actuate a target tissue or sense a parameter associated with the target tissue in a biological environment. Each implantable biomedical device comprises a bioresorbable substrate, an electronic device having a plurality of inorganic semiconductor components supported by the bioresorbable substrate, and a barrier layer encapsulating at least a portion of the inorganic semiconductor components. Upon contact with a biological environment the bioresorbable substrate is at least partially resorbed, thereby establishing conformal contact between the implantable biomedical device and the target tissue in the biological environment.

Rogers, John A; Kim, Dae-Hyeong; Omenetto, Fiorenzo; Kaplan, David L; Litt, Brian; Viventi, Jonathan; Huang, Yonggang; Amsden, Jason

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

117

Medical implants and methods of making medical implants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A medical implant device having a substrate with an oxidized surface and a silane derivative coating covalently bonded to the oxidized surface. A bioactive agent is covalently bonded to the silane derivative coating. An implantable stent device including a stent core having an oxidized surface with a layer of silane derivative covalently bonded thereto. A spacer layer comprising polyethylene glycol (PEG) is covalently bonded to the layer of silane derivative and a protein is covalently bonded to the PEG. A method of making a medical implant device including providing a substrate having a surface, oxidizing the surface and reacting with derivitized silane to form a silane coating covalently bonded to the surface. A bioactive agent is then covalently bonded to the silane coating. In particular instances, an additional coating of bio-absorbable polymer and/or pharmaceutical agent is deposited over the bioactive agent.

Shaw, Wendy J; Yonker, Clement R; Fulton, John L; Tarasevich, Barbara J; McClain, James B; Taylor, Doug

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

118

PROPERTIES OF DEFECTS AND IMPLANTS IN Mg+ IMPLANTED SILICON CARBIDE  

SciTech Connect

As a candidate material for fusion reactor designs, silicon carbide (SiC) under high-energy neutron irradiation undergoes atomic displacement damage and transmutation reactions that create magnesium as one of the major metallic products. The presence of Mg and lattice disorder in SiC is expected to affect structural stability and degrade thermo-mechanical properties that could limit SiC lifetime for service. We have initiated a combined experimental and computational study that uses Mg+ ion implantation and multiscale modeling to investigate the structural and chemical effects in Mg implanted SiC and explore possible property degradation mechanisms.

Jiang, Weilin; Zhu, Zihua; Varga, Tamas; Bowden, Mark E.; Manandhar, Sandeep; Roosendaal, Timothy J.; Hu, Shenyang Y.; Henager, Charles H.; Kurtz, Richard J.; Wang, Yongqiang

2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

119

German Aerospace Center (DLR)Feed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Feed Feed Jump to: navigation, search Home | About | Inventory | Partnerships | Capacity Building | Webinars | Reports | Events | News | List Serve CLEAN Member Feeds Center for Environment and National Security at Scripps Centro de Energías Renovables (CER) The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Climate Technology Initiative (CTI) ClimateWorks Foundation Coalition for Rainforest Nations (CfRN) Ecofys Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank (ESMAP) Environment and Development Action in the Third World (ENDA-TM) German Aerospace Center (DLR) German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP) Information for Development Program (infoDev)

120

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION Suite X00, 955 L'  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

X00, 955 L' X00, 955 L' Enfam Plaza, S. W., Washing on. D.C. 20024.2174~ Tekphonr: (202) 48&6000 7117-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987 CR CA.& Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division bf Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES The attached elimination recommendation was prepared in accordance' - ltE.o= with your suggestion during ourmeeting on 22 September. The recommendation ~0.0-02 includes 26 colleges and universities identified fin Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated MO.03. 27 May 1~987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, ~C.ol and the University of Washington) currently identified on the FUSRAP

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Systems Health Monitoring From Ground to Air The Aerospace Challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aerospace industry and the government are significantly investing in jet engine systems health monitoring. Government organizations such as the Air Force Navy Army National Labs and NASA are investing in the development of state aware sensing for health monitoring of jet engines such as the Joint Strike Fighter F119 and F100s. This paper will discuss on?going work in systems health monitoring for jet engines. Topics will include a general discussion of the approaches to engine structural health monitoring and the prognosis of engine component life. Real?world implementation challenges on the ground and in the air will be reviewed. The talk will conclude with a prediction of where engine health monitoring will be in twenty years.

Mary Austin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

10 - MEMS for harsh environment sensors in aerospace applications: selected case studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: In this chapter we shall attempt to provide the reader with an understanding of what MEMS (micro-electromechanical systems) is and how it has become an enabling technology for some harsh environment aerospace applications, how it can contribute significantly to enhancing existing and future aerospace systems. We will explain what is meant by a harsh environment and how the engineer/scientist would need to accommodate his/her design to perform in this domain. Conveying this is perhaps best accomplished by presenting selected case studies, engineering examples of selected MEMS systems designed specifically for harsh environments in aerospace applications.

N. Tiliakos

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Design of a small fast steering mirror for airborne and aerospace applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the analysis and design of a small advanced fast steering mirror (sAFSM) for airborne and aerospace platforms. The sAFSM provides feedback-controlled articulation of two rotational axes for precision ...

Boulet, Michael Thomas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Applying Service Oriented Architecture in the Aerospace Industry Jurga Kazlauskaite, Arsalan Minhas, F. H. Vogt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Applying Service Oriented Architecture in the Aerospace Industry Jurga Kazlauskaite, Arsalan efficiently working Service Oriented Architecture for cross enterprise business processes and stresses. Key words: Service Oriented Architecture, cross enterprise business processes, verification, security

Turau, Volker

125

An examination of Boeing's supply chain management practices within the context of the global aerospace industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the supply chain management practices of the Boeing Commercial Airplane Company within the context of the global aerospace industry. The methodology used for this study includes a study of emerging ...

izmeci, DaŸ lar

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

An Approach to Analyze Tradeoffs for Aerospace System Design and Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are important tradeoffs that need to be considered for the design and operation of aerospace systems. In addition to tradeoffs, there may also be multiple stakeholders of interest to the system and each may have ...

O'Neill, Gregory

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

A Snapshot of the Texas Aerospace Industry and a Comparison of Competitor States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-related employees make up approximately 2% of the workforce. The Texas Space Grant Consortium is comprised of 34 institutions that participate in various activities targeted towards the aerospace industry including Space Explorers, San Antonio Best, and NASA.... In order to quantify the aerospace industry, Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes associated with the definition were requested from each state. Under general headings these include manufacturing for electronic & other electric equipment...

Ario, Shannon; Elliott, Elizabeth; Gray, Kevin; Hemmeline, Charles; Pomeroy, Dan; White, Andrew; Zurawski, Paul

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Quest for a novel force: a possible revolution in aerospace  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conventional understanding of flight in aerospace depends primarily on the application of Newton's laws in the design of components providing propulsive and lifting forces. This reality has given incredible advances in capability during nearly a century of endeavour. But this century of achievement was preceded by millennia of speculation, literary fantasies, some tentative scientific proposals and brave practical attempts of how manned flight might be attained. However, the coming of reality did not stop the aerial speculation which has continued over the last century with various doubtful claims that have disguised an underlying seriousness seeking for alternative means of accomplishing aeronautical ambitions. Recently, three professional programmes have emerged, directed to discovering such new ways of propulsion, viz., the NASA Breakthrough Propulsion Physics programme, the BAE SYSTEMS Project Greenglow and work at ESA. The author has followed these novel developments for over half a century and is now a consultant to the BAE SYSTEMS programme. BAE SYSTEMS monitors many evolving scientific and technical advances to seek competitive advantages for its products and pays appropriate attention to the most promising solutions. Some of these are correctly described as breakthroughs and in the speculative field of advanced propulsion it seeks advice on the truth or falsehood of the many quantitative claims that have been published. The primary task is to design radically new aeronautical systems based on new physical principles. This paper sets out this strategy which has the following logic: to account for previous claims, patents and investigations and assess their validity, make scientific experiments of new phenomena and generate theories, propose radically new ways (engines) of providing aeronautical forces, assess whether any of these imaginary engines could improve aerospace performance, if so, how significant would the improvement be? it appears that one solution offers superb improvement, globally, for over a century ahead, hence, it is well worth the effort to realise this in practice, one of the proposed engines is in sequence with previous transport systems, the best way forward is serendipitous collaboration with advanced thinkers in physics, and Project Greenglow links new physics with novel engines and global transport performance by means of evolving techniques used in novel ways This process, described in this paper, is essentially project-led research (sometimes called focussed search), in which theoretical possibilities are subjected to the classical process of conjecture and refutation, also employed in a previous paper published in this journal, viz., Global issues affecting aeronautics (Prog. Aerosp. Sci. 1999; 35: 413). There is an important distinction between the UK programme and others, i.e., the inclusion of aeronautics as well as spaceflight, whereas the others deal exclusively with spaceflight.

John E Allen

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Atmospheric radiation measurement unmanned aerospace vehicle (ARM-UAV) program  

SciTech Connect

ARM-UAV is part of the multi-agency U.S. Global Change Research Program and is addressing the largest source of uncertainty in predicting climatic response: the interaction of clouds and the sun`s energy in the Earth`s atmosphere. An important aspect of the program is the use of unmanned aerospace vehicles (UAVs) as the primary airborne platform. The ARM-UAV Program has completed two major flight series: The first series conducted in April, 1994, using an existing UAV (the General Atomics Gnat 750) consisted of eight highly successful flights at the DOE climate site in Oklahoma. The second series conducted in September/October, 1995, using two piloted aircraft (Egrett and Twin Otter), featured simultaneous measurements above and below clouds and in clear sky. Additional flight series are planned to continue study of the cloudy and clear sky energy budget in the Spring and Fall of 1996 over the DOE climate site in Oklahoma. 3 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Bolton, W.R. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Ascent performance feasibility of the national aerospace plane  

SciTech Connect

The national aerospace plane (NASP) is a proposed hypervelocity research vehicle which must take-off horizontally, achieve orbital speed, and then land horizontally. Its configuration is dominated by the powerplant, which includes the combination of turbojet engines for flight at subsonic speeds and low supersonic speeds, ramjet engines for flight at high supersonic speeds, scramjet engines for flight at hypersonic speeds, and rocket engines for flight at near-orbital speeds. Optimal trajectories are studied for a given NASP configuration, the so-called general hypersonic aerodynamics model example, under the assumption that the NASP is controlled via angle of attack and power setting. Three powerplant models are considered: (E1) and (E2) are turbojet, ramjet, scramjet combinations; (E3) is a turbojet, ramjet scramjet, rocket combination, with the rocket mode starting at M = 15. Realistic constraints are imposed on the peak dynamic pressure, peak heating rate, and peak tangential acceleration. Under this scenario, the time history of the controls is optimized simultaneously with the switch times from one engine mode to the next. The optimization criterion is the total mass of fuel required to achieve orbital speed. The optimization study employs the sequential gradient-restoration algorithm for optimal control problems.

Miele, A.; Lee, W.Y.; Wu, G.D. [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

131

swiss aerospace cluster // The swiss aerospace cluster is an agile network and non-profit organisation for pooling information across companies and organisations, thereby incre-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

diesel bus. Thus, our new predictive strategy helps cut CO2 emissions of hybrid-electric buses by 5.swiss-aerospace-cluster.ch This project aims to minimise CO2 emissions of hybrid-electric buses used in public trans- port. In hybrid the power split between the battery and the engine. Simu- lations show that a hybrid-electric bus

Daraio, Chiara

132

Pulsed source ion implantation apparatus and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new pulsed plasma-immersion ion-implantation apparatus that implants ions in large irregularly shaped objects to controllable depth without overheating the target, minimizing voltage breakdown, and using a constant electrical bias applied to the target. Instead of pulsing the voltage applied to the target, the plasma source, for example a tungsten filament or a RF antenna, is pulsed. Both electrically conducting and insulating targets can be implanted.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Pulsed source ion implantation apparatus and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new pulsed plasma-immersion ion-implantation apparatus that implants ions in large irregularly shaped objects to controllable depth without overheating the target, minimizing voltage breakdown, and using a constant electrical bias applied to the target. Instead of pulsing the voltage applied to the target, the plasma source, for example a tungsten filament or a RF antenna, is pulsed. Both electrically conducting and insulating targets can be implanted. 16 figs.

Leung, K.N.

1996-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

134

Implantation, Activation, Characterization and Prevention/Mitigation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Activation, Characterization and PreventionMitigation of Internal Short Circuits in Lithium-Ion Cells Implantation, Activation, Characterization and PreventionMitigation of...

135

Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. Abstract: As a...

136

47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit Jan. 5 8, 2009, Orlando, Florida AIAA-2009-1087  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit Jan. 5 ­ 8, 2009, Orlando, Florida AIAA-2009@iastate.edu. #12;47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit Jan. 5 ­ 8, 2009, Orlando, Florida AIAA-2009. A concerted effort supported by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in recent years has

Hu, Hui

137

45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit Jan 8 11, 2007, Reno, Nevada AIAA-2007-0483  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit Jan 8 ­ 11, 2007, Reno, Nevada AIAA-2007, the Laboratory for Nonlinear Mechanics. #12;45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit Jan 8 ­ 11, 2007 effort supported by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in recent years has resulted

Hu, Hui

138

Influence of Oxygen Ion Implantation on the Damage and Annealing Kinetics of Iron-Implanted Sapphire  

SciTech Connect

The effects of implanted oxygen on the damage accumulation in sapphire which was previously implanted with iron was studied for (0001) sapphire implanted with iron and then with oxygen. The energies were chosen to give similar projected ranges. One series was implanted with a 1:l ratio (4x10{sup 16} ions/cm{sup 2} each) and another with a ratio of 2:3 (4x10{sup 16} fe{sup +}/cm{sup 2}; 6x10{sup 16} O{sup +}/cm{sup 2}). Retained damage, X, in the Al-sublattice, was compared to that produced by implantation of iron alone. The observed disorder was less for the dual implantations suggesting that implantation of oxygen enhanced dynamic recovery during implantation. Samples were annealed for one hour at 800 and 1200 C in an oxidizing and in a reducing atmosphere. No difference was found in the kinetics of recovery in the Al-sublattice between the two dual implant conditions. However, the rate of recovery was different for each from samples implanted with iron alone.

Hunn, J.D.; McHargue, C.J.

1999-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

139

Artificial Retina Implant Patient Stories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interviews with Artificial Retina Recipients Interviews with Artificial Retina Recipients Image of Mr. R Mr. R: Argus II recipient (Italy) You Tube video (2012; 2011 implantee) Image of Mr. F Mr. F: Argus II recipient (Italy) You Tube video (2012; 2011 implantee) Image of Mr. P Mr. P: Argus II recipient (France) You Tube video (2012; 2009 implantee) Image of Mr. K Mr. K: Argus II recipient (England) You Tube video (2012; 2009 implantee) Image promoting Mail Online Article Peter L.: Blind man fitted with 'bionic eye' sees for first time in 30 years Mail Online (UK) (2009) Image promoting Mail Online Article Barbara C .: Blind U.S. woman has experimental electronic eye implant CNN video and article (2009) NDTV video and article (2009) Image promoting BBC story Ron: The man with the bionic eye BBC Video and article (2009)

140

Ion implantation of boron in germanium  

SciTech Connect

Ion implantation of /sup 11/B/sup +/ into room temperature Ge samples leads to a p-type layer prior to any post implant annealing steps. Variable temperature Hall measurements and deep level transient spectroscopy experiments indicate that room temperature implantation of /sup 11/B/sup +/ into Ge results in 100% of the boron ions being electrically active as shallow acceptor, over the entire dose range (5 x 10/sup 11//cm/sup 2/ to 1 x 10/sup 14//cm/sup 2/) and energy range (25 keV to 100 keV) investigated, without any post implant annealing. The concentration of damage related acceptor centers is only 10% of the boron related, shallow acceptor center concentration for low energy implants (25 keV), but becomes dominant at high energies (100 keV) and low doses (<1 x 10/sup 12//cm/sup 2/). Three damage related hole traps are produced by ion implantation of /sup 11/B/sup +/. Two of these hole traps have also been observed in ..gamma..-irradiated Ge and may be oxygen-vacancy related defects, while the third trap may be divacancy related. All three traps anneal out at low temperatures (<300/sup 0/C). Boron, from room temperature implantation of BF/sub 2//sup +/ into Ge, is not substitutionally active prior to a post implant annealing step of 250/sup 0/C for 30 minutes. After annealing additional shallow acceptors are observed in BF/sub 2//sup +/ implanted samples which may be due to fluorine or flourine related complexes which are electrically active.

Jones, K.S.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Progress in Aerospace Sciences 39 (2003) 185248 The unsteady aerodynamics of slender wings and aircraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Progress in Aerospace Sciences 39 (2003) 185­248 The unsteady aerodynamics of slender wings nonlinearities and flow field time lags. The aerodynamic and the vortical flow structure over simple delta wings of leading-edge vortices and their influence on delta wing aerodynamics for stationary models is presented

Nelson, Robert C.

142

Courses for Breadth Requirement of Aerospace Engineering M.S. Degree Aerodynamics,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Courses for Breadth Requirement of Aerospace Engineering M.S. Degree Program Aerodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Combustion and Propulsion (AFMCP) AE 410/CSE 461: Computational Aerodynamics AE 412/ME 411: Viscous Flow & Heat Transfer AE 416: Applied Aerodynamics AE 419: Aircraft Flight Mechanics AE 433

Gilbert, Matthew

143

INTRODUCTION Over the last several decades, since the beginning of aerospace and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Aided Geostationary Satellite Augmented Navigation System (GAGAN) and Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System/Simulink software. The class notes, Power Point charts, and the Matlab scripts, some developed in-house and others. B. Hablani Department of Aerospace Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Powai

Sivalingam, Krishna M.

144

Raman P. Singh School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Phone (Tulsa): 918.594.8155  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nanocomposites - Environmental degradation and durability of fiber-reinforced polymer composites - Amorphous/nanocrystalline ceramics composites for aerospace and nuclear applications - Nanoindentation schemes for testing Island, 1992 Thesis: Effect of Particle Shape and Particle Damage on Stress Wave Propagation in Granular

Ghajar, Afshin J.

145

The CU Aerospace / VACCO CubeSat High Impulse Propulsion System (CHIPS) offers a miniaturized and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Overall control authority: roll, pitch, yaw, +/- Z · On-orbit update of system parameters, including · System two-failure-tolerant against leakage · Life span: 2+ years from propellant load. · HighThe CU Aerospace / VACCO CubeSat High Impulse Propulsion System (CHIPS) offers a miniaturized

Carroll, David L.

146

Transferring new dynamic capabilities to SMEs: the role of ONERA the French Aerospace LabTM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the public R&D laboratories and the SMEs in terms of Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs). Some the "national innovation system". Keywords: French SMEs, technology transfer, information asymmetries, dynamic1 Transferring new dynamic capabilities to SMEs: the role of ONERA ­ the French Aerospace Lab

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

147

AIAA 2000-0528 NEW CHALLENGES FOR AEROSPACE EDUCATION PROGRAMS IN AMERICAN AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and consulting for American and Russian companies in aerospace and technology transfer. International Programs together to realize international projects. The pre-college activities, curricula and existent ways, military, and economic conditions in the world. The international cooperation in these areas has become

Riabov, Vladimir V.

148

ME/AE 381 Mechanical and Aerospace Control Systems MINI CNC LABORATORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ME/AE 381 ­ Mechanical and Aerospace Control Systems MINI CNC LABORATORY The objective of this laboratory is to design controllers that will regulate the position of three linear axes in a table top CNC tracking controllers in the laboratory using the mini CNC Rapid Development System. Plot the linear axis

Landers, Robert G.

149

18th AIAA Aerospace Ground Testing Survey of Short Duration, Hypersonic and Hypervelocity Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

18th AIAA Aerospace Ground Testing Conference #12;94-2491 Survey of Short Duration, Hypersonic 76019-0018 Hypersonic and hypervelocity testing relies to a large extent on short duration facilities activity con- fined mostly to hypersonic and hypervelocity regimes. Early development of such facilities

Texas at Arlington, University of

150

CIRQ: Qualitative fluid flow modelling for aerospace FMEA applications Neal Snooke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M2 CIRQ: Qualitative fluid flow modelling for aerospace FMEA applications Neal Snooke Department- oped on top of the MCIRQ simulator with the aim to produce an automated FMEA for aircraft fuel systems similar to pre- viously developed automated electrical FMEA. Introduction This paper describes a circuit

Snooke, Neal

151

4 - MEMS pressure and flow sensors for automotive engine management and aerospace applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Micromachined pressure and flow sensors for automotive and aerospace applications are covered in this chapter. MEMS design, fabrication and packaging are explored for these applications. Both new and developing MEMS sensors for high temperature, high pressure subsystems and related fuel quality sensors are included in this review.

D. Sparks

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

2010 Asia-Pacific International Symposium on Aerospace Technology Rotor-stator interaction broadband noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010 Asia-Pacific International Symposium on Aerospace Technology Rotor-stator interaction-dimensional annular cascade to the impinging harmonic distortions. Each upstream har- monic mode is defined by its and Horan[2] . The #12;· 2 · Igor Vinogradov/ Chinese Journal of Aeronatics typical energy distribution over

Huang, Xun

153

Major Map: Aerospace Engineering (Astronautics) Bachelor of Science in Engineering (B.S.E.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

114: General Chemistry for Engineers(SQ) OR CHM 115: General Chemistry with Qualitative Analysis (SQMajor Map: Aerospace Engineering (Astronautics) ­ Bachelor of Science in Engineering (B.S.E.) Ira A. Fulton School of Engineering, Tempe Campus Catalog Year: 2009-2010 Page 1 of 2 Updated: 3/9/09 Completed

Rhoads, James

154

CU-CAS-97-09 CENTER FOR AEROSPACE STRUCTURES THE CONSTRUCTION OF FREE-FREE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CU-CAS-97-09 CENTER FOR AEROSPACE STRUCTURES THE CONSTRUCTION OF FREE-FREE FLEXIBILITY MATRICES OF ENGINEERING UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO CAMPUS BOX 429 BOULDER, COLORADO 80309 #12;The Construction of Free-Free­418, of that journal) #12;The Construction of Free-Free Flexibility Matrices as Generalized Stiffness Inverses C. A

Felippa, Carlos A.

155

Newsletter of the Department of Aerospace Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Newsletter of the Department of Aerospace Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana interesting and exciting things have happened in the Illinois AE Department over the last year, and we and energy of our students and alumni, they naturally have achieved great things. Many examples

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

156

Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering 1,115 Undergraduates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering STUDENTS 1,115 Undergraduates 152 23 Nuclear Engineering 13 DEGREES OFFERED Aeronautical Engineering (B.S., M.Eng., M.S., Ph.D.) Engineering Physics (M.S., Ph.D.) Mechanical Engineering (B.S., M.Eng., M.S., Ph.D.) Nuclear Engineering (B

Salama, Khaled

157

Improved medical implants comes from nanostructuring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improved medical implants comes from nanostructuring Improved medical implants comes from nanostructuring Improved medical implants comes from nanostructuring Together, LANL and Russia institutes modify metals to better match and integrate, or bond, with human bone tissue. April 3, 2012 Improved medical implants comes from nanostructuring In addition to possessing strength beyond what is possible in conventional pure metals, Biotanium(tm) has also been optimized for integration with living bone. Scientific studies of the attachment and growth of bone cells on Biotanium(tm) consistently show that these cells adhere better and grow significantly faster -- up to 20 times faster. ...nanostructuring remarkably improves other metal properties, including strength, cyclic load resistance, corrosion resistance, machinability, and

158

Spinal cord implants for nerve regeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has only been in the last couple decades that the potential for regeneration in the spinal cord became accepted. However, there is still no proven method for enabling this regeneration. An implant model was developed ...

Abbaschian, Lara Suzanne, 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Implantation of carbon in GaAs  

SciTech Connect

Carbon implanted into GaAs and thermally annealed typically exhibits very low (<3%) electrical activity. It has been demonstrated that the electrical activity of C can be significantly enhanced by co-implantation with Ga. Improved activation may result from either additional damage of the crystal lattice or from stoichiometric changes, forcing the C atoms onto As sites. To determine the relative importance of each of these effects, I have undertaken a systematic study of carbon activation in GaAs. A range of co-implants have been used: group III (B, Ga), group V (N, P, As) and noble gases (Ar, Kr). The damage introduced to the substrate will depend on the mass of the ion implanted. The group III and group V co-implants will affect the crystal stoichiometry. The results indicate that both lattice damage and crystal stoichiometry are important for high electrical activity of C. Increasing the damage will increase the activation due to the increased number of As vacancies but maximum activation can be obtained only by a co-implant which not only damages the lattice but also forces the C to occupy an As site.

Moll, A.J.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Fast methods for scheduling with applications to real-time systems and large-scale, robotic manufacturing of aerospace structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Across the aerospace and automotive manufacturing industries, there is a push to remove the cage around large, industrial robots and integrate right-sized, safe versions into the human labor force. By integrating robots ...

Gombolay, Matthew C. (Matthew Craig)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Development of PZT materials, fabrication and characterization of multi layered actuators for aerospace applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Piezo Electric Materials capable of performing both "sensing" and "actuation" are known as smart materials. These materials produce electric charges on application of mechanical stress (as sensor) or undergo dimensional change when subjected to an electric field (as actuator). PZTs are preferred because of their (i) fast response time (ii) high frequency response (iii) precession control etc. Piezo sensors and actuators are used for various applications e.g. for vibration control of aerospace structures development of smart aeroplane wings / morphing structures precision flow control of propellants in space vehicles fuel flow control in automobile engines energy harvesting etc. At NAL efforts are being made to prepare PZT materials multi-layered actuators are currently fabricated and characterized for aerospace applications.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Ion implantation of silicon nitride ball bearings  

SciTech Connect

Hypothesis for ion implantation effect was that stress concentrations reflected into the bulk due to topography such as polishing imperfections, texture in the race, or transferred material, might be reduced due to surface amorphization. 42 control samples were tested to an intended runout period of 60 h. Six ion implanted balls were tested to an extended period of 150 h. Accelerated testing was done in a V groove so that wear was on two narrow wear tracks. Rutherford backscattering, XRPS, profilometry, optical microscopy, nanoindentation hardness, and white light interferometry were used. The balls were implanted with 150-keV C ions at fluence 1.1x10{sup 17}/cm{sup 2}. The samples had preexisting surface defects (C-cracks), so the failure rate of the control group was unacceptable. None of the ion-implanted samples failed in 150 h of testing. Probability of randomly selecting 6 samples from the control group that would perform this well is about 5%, so there is good probability that ion implantation improved performance. Possible reasons are discussed. Wear tracks, microstructure, and impurity content were studied in possible relation to C-cracks.

Williams, J.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Miner, J.R. [United Technologies, Pratt and Whitney, West Palm Beach, FL (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Review of uncertainty-based multidisciplinary design optimization methods for aerospace vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a comprehensive review of Uncertainty-Based Multidisciplinary Design Optimization (UMDO) theory and the state of the art in UMDO methods for aerospace vehicles. UMDO has been widely acknowledged as an advanced methodology to address competing objectives of aerospace vehicle design, such as performance, cost, reliability and robustness. However the major challenges of UMDO, namely the computational complexity and organizational complexity caused by both time-consuming disciplinary analysis models and UMDO algorithms, still greatly hamper its application in aerospace engineering. In recent years there is a surge of research in this field aiming at solving these problems. The purpose of this paper is to review these existing approaches systematically, highlight research challenges and opportunities, and help guide future efforts. Firstly, the UMDO theory preliminaries are introduced to clarify the basic UMDO concepts and mathematical formulations, as well as provide a panoramic view of the general UMDO solving process. Then following the UMDO solving process, research progress of each key step is separately surveyed and discussed, specifically including uncertainty modeling, uncertainty propagation and analysis, optimization under uncertainty, and UMDO procedure. Finally some conclusions are given, and future research trends and prospects are discussed.

Wen Yao; Xiaoqian Chen; Wencai Luo; Michel van Tooren; Jian Guo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Ion sources for ion implantation technology (invited)  

SciTech Connect

Ion sources for ion implantation are introduced. The technique is applied not only to large scale integration (LSI) devices but also to flat panel display. For LSI fabrication, ion source scheduled maintenance cycle is most important. For CMOS image sensor devices, metal contamination at implanted wafer is most important. On the other hand, to fabricate miniaturized devices, cluster ion implantation has been proposed to make shallow PN junction. While for power devices such as silicon carbide, aluminum ion is required. For doping processes of LCD fabrication, a large ion source is required. The extraction area is about 150 cm 10 cm, and the beam uniformity is important as well as the total target beam current.

Sakai, Shigeki, E-mail: sakai-shigeki@nissin.co.jp; Hamamoto, Nariaki; Inouchi, Yutaka; Umisedo, Sei; Miyamoto, Naoki [Nissin Ion Equipment co., ltd, 575 Kuze-Tonoshiro-cho Minami-ku, Kyoto 601-8205 (Japan)] [Nissin Ion Equipment co., ltd, 575 Kuze-Tonoshiro-cho Minami-ku, Kyoto 601-8205 (Japan)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

Osseous penetration rate into implants pretreated with bone cement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The titanium bone growth chamber consists of two titanium disks held together by two screws. At the level of the intersection between the disks, a 1 mm wide canal penetrates the implant. After implantation, in e....

T. Albrektsson

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Electro-anatomical models of the cochlear implant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While cochlear implantation has become the standard care in treating patients with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss, the variation in benefit (communicative ability) individual patients derive from implantation ...

Whiten, Darren M. (Darren Mark), 1977-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Implanted : technology and connection in the deaf world  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1984, the FDA approved a medical device called a cochlear implant for adult use in the United States. Unlike assistive hearing technologies that came before it, such as hearing aids, cochlear implants could offer wider ...

Calamia, Joseph Benjamin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Using lean enterprise principles to drive quality and on time delivery to customers : a study of the Honeywell Aerospace Engine Assembly and Test Center of Excellence .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Honeywell Aerospace has been a leader in manufacturing high quality engines to customers for decades. With engine and auxiliary power unit (APU) growth of-9% in (more)

Jones, Andrea (Andrea Sieg)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Dosimetry implant for treating restenosis and hyperplasia  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention discloses a method of selectively providing radiation dosimetry to a subject in need of such treatment. The radiation is applied by an implant comprising a body member and .sup.117mSn electroplated at selected locations of the body member, emitting conversion electrons absorbed immediately adjacent selected locations while not affecting surrounding tissue outside of the immediately adjacent area.

Srivastava, Suresh; Gonzales, Gilbert R; Howell, Roger W; Bolch, Wesley E; Adzic, Radoslav

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

170

Method for ion implantation induced embedded particle formation via reduction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for ion implantation induced embedded particle formation via reduction with the steps of ion implantation with an ion/element that will chemically reduce the chosen substrate material, implantation of the ion/element to a sufficient concentration and at a sufficient energy for particle formation, and control of the temperature of the substrate during implantation. A preferred embodiment includes the formation of particles which are nano-dimensional (<100 m-n in size). The phase of the particles may be affected by control of the substrate temperature during and/or after the ion implantation process.

Hampikian, Janet M (Decatur, GA); Hunt, Eden M (Atlanta, GA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Bioceramic 3D Implants Produced by Laser Assisted Additive Manufacturing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cranial defect restoration requires a suitable implant capable to fulfill protective and aesthetic functions, such as polymeric and metallic implants. Nevertheless, the former materials cannot provide osteointegration of the implant within the host bone nor implant resorption, which is also required in pediatricorthopedics for normal patient growth. Resorbable and osteoconductivebioceramics are employed, such as silicate bioactive glasses. Nevertheless, manufacturing based on conventional casting in graphite moulds is not effective for warped shape implants suitable for patient tailored treatments. In this work, we analyze the application of rapid prototyping based on laser cladding to manufacture bioactive glass implants for low load bearing bone restoration. This laser-assisted additive technique is capable to produce three-dimensional geometries tailored to patient, with reduced fabrication time and implant composition modification. The obtained samples were characterized; the relationships between the processing conditions and the measured features were studied, in addition to the biological behavior analysis.

Fernando Lusquios; Jess del Val; Felipe Arias-Gonzlez; Rafael Comesaa; Flix Quintero; Antonio Riveiro; Mohamed Boutinguiza; Julian R. Jones; Robert G. Hill; Juan Pou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Physical understanding of cryogenic implant benefits for electrical junction stability  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the effect of cryogenic temperature implants on electrical junction stability for ultra shallow junction applications for sub-32 nm technology nodes and beyond. A comprehensive study was conducted to gain physical understanding of the impact of cryogenic temperature implants on dopant-defect interactions. Carborane (C{sub 2}B{sub 10}H{sub 12}) molecule, a potential alternative to monomer boron was implanted in carbon preamorphized silicon substrates at cryogenic implant temperatures. Results indicate implants at cryogenic temperatures increase dopant activation with reduced diffusion, resulting in lower sheet resistance for a lower junction depth. Further, this study emphasizes the benefits of co-implants performed at cryogenic temperatures as alternative to traditional preamorphizing implants.

Adeni Khaja, Fareen; Colombeau, Benjamin; Thanigaivelan, Thirumal; Ramappa, Deepak; Henry, Todd [Applied Materials-Varian Semiconductor Equipment, 35 Dory Road, Gloucester, Massachusetts 01930 (United States)

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

173

XANES study of Fe-implanted strontium titanate  

SciTech Connect

Properties of strontium titanate SrTiO{sub 3} (STO) depend to a great extent on the substitutional dopants and defects of crystal structure. The ion beam implantation method was used for doping STO (001) crystals with Fe at different doses. Implanted samples were then annealed at 350C in oxygen to induce recrystallization and remove oxygen vacancies produced during ion implantation process. The effect of Fe doping and post-implantation annealing was studied by X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy (XANES) method and Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID). XANES allowed to monitor the change in structure of STO crystals and in the local environment of Fe following the implantation and annealing steps. SQUID measurements revealed correlation between magnetic moment and Fe implantation dose. Ferromagnetic hysteresis was observed on selected Fe-implanted STO at 5 K. The observed magnetic properties can be correlated with the several Fe oxide phases in addition to the presence of O/Ti vacancies.

Lobacheva, O.; Goncharova, L. V.; Chavarha, M.; Sham, T. K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Department of Chemistry, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 5B7 (Canada)

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

174

Composites for Aerospace and Transportation As the fuel costs and environment concerns continue to increase, so does the demand for composite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Composites for Aerospace and Transportation As the fuel costs and environment concerns continue to increase, so does the demand for composite materials for aerospace and transportation applications. Polymer composites are inherited lighter than their metallic counterparts resulting in significant weight reduction

Li, Mo

175

Infections of Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...-culture results are negative in those with previously positive culture results and until infection at the pocket site has been controlled. In addition to removal of the device, antimicrobial therapy is needed. Owing to the predominance of staphylococcal species as pathogens and the frequency of oxacillin... As cardiac implantable electronic devices become increasingly common, infections (generally caused by staphylococci) are also more frequent. In addition to antibiotic therapy, complete removal of the device is required for cure.

Baddour L.M.Cha Y.-M.Wilson W.R.

2012-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

176

Resistivity changes in carbon-implanted Teflon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOW April 2004 Major: Nuclear Engineering RESISTIVITY CHANGES IN CARBON-IMPLANTED TEFLON A Senior Honors Thesis by MATTHEW R. JACKSON Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs k Academic Scholarships Texas A&M University... In partial fulfillment of the requirements of the UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOW Approved as to style and content by: Ron Hart (Fellows Advisor) April 2004 Edward A. Funkhouser (Executive Director) Major: Nuclear Engineering ABSTRACT...

Jackson, Matthew R.

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

177

Environmental study of the National Aerospace Plane. Final report, 1 December 1991-30 December 1992  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of the United States (US) National Aero-Space Plane (NASP) Program is to develop hypersonic technologies required for future military and Civilian aerospace plane systems to reduce payload cost to orbit and provide for flexible-responsive space operations. If successful, the NASP Program will be the stimulus for developing a whole new class of airbreathing hypersonic aircraft powered by clean-burning scramjet engines using liquid hydrogen as the primary fuel. As part of this development, the potential to cause environmental impacts from these type of vehicles must be considered and analyzed. This process has been initiated using the NASP Program's proposed X-30 flight research vehicle and flight test program as a basis for analysis. Environmental issues addressed include noise and sonic booms, stratospheric ozone depletion, public health and safety, hazardous materials/waste, air quality, biological and cultural resources, geology and soils, and water use. Although this study is not yet complete, preliminary analysis has determined that the X-30 vehicle and flight test program would have minimal environmental impact.

Brown, C.; Wierzbanowski, T.; Reda, H.; Duecker, G.T.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Advanced model-based FDIR techniques for aerospace systems: Today challenges and opportunities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses some trends and recent advances in model-based Fault Detection, Isolation and Recovery (FDIR) for aerospace systems. The FDIR challenges range from pre-design and design stages for upcoming and new programs, to improvement of the performance of in-service flying systems. For space missions, optimization of flight conditions and safe operation is intrinsically related to GNC (Guidance, Navigation & Control) system of the spacecraft and includes sensors and actuators monitoring. Many future space missions will require autonomous proximity operations including fault diagnosis and the subsequent control and guidance recovery actions. For upcoming and future aircraft, one of the main issues is how early and robust diagnosis of some small and subtle faults could contribute to the overall optimization of aircraft design. This issue would be an important factor for anticipating the more and more stringent requirements which would come in force for future environmentally-friendlier programs. The paper underlines the reasons for a widening gap between the advanced scientific FDIR methods being developed by the academic community and technological solutions demanded by the aerospace industry.

Ali Zolghadri

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

VOC/HAP control systems for the shipbuilding and aerospace industries  

SciTech Connect

Compliant coating systems, i.e., those which meet limits on pounds of volatile organic compound (VOC)/hazardous air pollutant (HAP) per gallon, on a solids applied basis, are routinely used to meet emission regulations in the shipbuilding and aerospace industries. However, there are occasions when solvent based systems must be used. Total capture and high destruction of the solvents in those systems is necessary in order to meet the required emission limit, e.g., a reasonably available control technology (RACT) limit of 3.5lbs of VOC/gallon. Water based marine coatings and certain aerospace finish coats do not provide sufficient longevity or meet other customer specifications in these instances. Furthermore, because of best available control technology (BACT) determinations or facility limits for operation in serious, severe, and extreme nonattainment areas, it is necessary to reduce annual emissions to levels which are below the levels required by the coating standards. The paper discusses those operations for controlling emissions from large-scale solvent based painting and coating systems in those instances when a high degree of overall control is required. Permanent total enclosures (stationary and portable), concentrators, regenerative thermal oxidizers, and other air pollution control systems are evaluated, both for technical applicability and economic feasibility. Several case studies are presented which illustrate techniques for capturing painting emissions, options for air handling in the workplace, and methods for destroying exhaust stream VOC concentrations of less than 40 ppm.

Lukey, M.E.; Toothman, D.A.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Biocompatible implants and methods of making and attaching the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides a biocompatible silicone implant that can be securely affixed to living tissue through interaction with integral membrane proteins (integrins). A silicone article containing a laser-activated surface is utilized to make the implant. One example is an implantable prosthesis to treat blindness caused by outer retinal degenerative diseases. The device bypasses damaged photoreceptors and electrically stimulates the undamaged neurons of the retina. Electrical stimulation is achieved using a silicone microelectrode array (MEA). A safe, protein adhesive is used in attaching the MEA to the retinal surface and assist in alleviating focal pressure effects. Methods of making and attaching such implants are also provided.

Rowley, Adrian P; Laude, Lucien D; Humayun, Mark S; Weiland, James D; Lotfi, Atoosa; Markland, Jr., Francis S

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Beryllium-7 Implantation in Plastics for Prosthesis Wear Studies...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

instrumentation: 7Be Implantation in Plastics for Prosthesis Wear Studies Developed at: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) Developed...

182

Explanted and implanted notochord of amphibian anuran embryos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The notochord of amphibian anuran embryos contains catecholamines during the early developmental stages. ... implanted into the ventral part of early neurulae endoderm. The histofluorescence evolution, on the oth...

Isabelle Godin

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Comparison of clinically projected and radiographically optimal implant fixture placement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Potential dental implant site assessment is initially determined clinically. Subsequent radiographic assessment also provides information about the quantity of available bone. It was hypothesized (more)

Vaughn, William Shane

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Elevated Temperature Ion Implantation: A New Direction for Surface Engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A number of commercial alloys were investigated to study the effectiveness of elevated temperature nitrogen ion PSII implantation in creating engineered surfaces having superior properties. These included several...

F. J. Worzala; J. R. Conrad; R. A. Dodd; M. Madapura; K. Sridharan

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 7-10 January 2008, Reno, NV Comparative Study of 3D Wing Drag  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Roman§ The Boeing Company, USA Neal Harrison¶ The Boeing Company, USA John Vassberg The Boeing Company optimization tools were used: SYN107 (Intel- ligent Aerodynamics Int'l), MDOPT (The Boeing Company) and OPTIMAS (Israel Aerospace Industries). The first tool employs gradient-based search techniques using

Jameson, Antony

186

44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit Jan 9 12, 2006, Reno, Nevada AIAA-2006-0041  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit Jan 9 ­ 12, 2006, Reno, Nevada AIAA-2006 in our daily life. Recent advances in computer technology and turbulence modeling have resulted acquisition of velocity and temperature measurements at interested points3-4 . More recently, the advances

Koochesfahani, Manoochehr M.

187

46th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit Jan 7 10, 2008, Reno, Nevada AIAA-2008-0580  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

46th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit Jan 7 ­ 10, 2008, Reno, Nevada AIAA-2008 or dangerous locations. Research progress made in recent years has resulted in advances in miniaturized digital as well as other enabling technologies. Such advances have turned the concept of MAVs as rapidly

Hu, Hui

188

Major in Aerospace Engineering Master of Engineering (with creative component) A minimum of 27 credits of acceptable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Major in Aerospace Engineering Master of Engineering (with creative component) ­ A minimum of 27 Engineering along with a minimum of 3 credits of Aer E 599 (creative component) must be taken. The POS Mechanics Master of Engineering (with creative component) ­ A minimum of 24 credits of acceptable course

Lin, Zhiqun

189

Smart Materials and Adaptive Systems (3 Credits) Instructor Gregory Washington, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, UC Irvine (gnwashin@uci.edu)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Aerospace Engineering, UC Irvine (gnwashin@uci.edu) Synopsis Modeling and control of smart materials fluids. Applications to real world systems will be emphasized Offering 2014 Summer Semester Audience Year in actuator, sensor and controlled materials design Apply smart materials to practical engineering systems

190

Mechanics of rollable and foldable film-on-foil electronics Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and Princeton Materials Institute,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Aerospace Engineering and Princeton Materials Institute, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 E and Optoelectronic Materials, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 Received 27 October 1998; accepted °C for polyimide. All silicon-containing layers were grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor

Suo, Zhigang

191

45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit AIAA-2007-0173 Reno, Nevada, 8 -11 Jan 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Seitzman School of Aerospace Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA, USA Gas turbine, and with low NOx emissions making it an exciting option for ground power and aircraft gas turbines. Various turbine industry to develop cleaner, more environmentally friendly power and propulsion systems, while

Seitzman, Jerry M.

192

Effects of implantation energy and carbon concentration on the friction and wear of titanium?implanted steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dry sliding friction and wear measurements were used to evaluate two implantation processes which increase the C concentration in Ti?implanted steels. In the first process Ti ions were implanted at a low energy (50 keV) in order to enhance the efficiency of vacuum carburization over what is achievable at higher energies (e.g. 190 keV). In the second a dual implantation process C ions were implanted into steels already implanted with Ti ions at high energy (190 keV). The first process produced a low friction (?=0.3) scuff resistant surface at a fluence of 2101 7/cm2 40% lower than the fluence required for similar behavior by 190?keV implants. At fluences of 2101 7/cm2 each the dual implantation produced a modest decrease in friction (?=0.5) accompanied by stick slip and some wear resistance compared to nonimplanted steel (?=0.6). Auger spectroscopy and energy?dispersive x?ray analysis were used to analyze the surface composition produced by the two processes at fluences of 2101 7/cm2. The dual implanted surface had more Ti more C and a greater C/Ti ratio than the low?energy implanted surface. The latter however had more C derived from vacuum carburization than the dual implanted surface. Both processes resulted in identical surface C concentrations. We concluded therefore that the improved tribological surface of Ti?implanted steel results from vacuum carburization and not just the presence of excess C.

I. L. Singer; R. A. Jeffries

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program - unmanned aerospace vehicle: The follow-on phase  

SciTech Connect

Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle (UAV) demonstration flights (UDF) are designed to provide an early demonstration of the scientific utility of UAVs by using an existing UAV and instruments to measure broadband radiative flux profiles under clear sky conditions. UDF is but the first of three phases of ARM-UAV. The second phase significantly extends both the UAV measurement techniques and the available instrumentation to allow both multi-UAV measurements in cloudy skies and extended duration measurements in the tropopause. These activities build naturally to the third and final phase, that of full operational capability, i.e., UAVs capable of autonomous operations at 20-km altitudes for multiple days with a full suite of instrumentation for measuring radiative flux, cloud properties, and water vapor profiles.

Vitko, J. Jr. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Predictions from the macrohomogeneous model of an aerospace Ni-Cd battery  

SciTech Connect

The mathematical porous-electrode model developed at Texas A and M University has been combined with a planar model for the surface active layer to formulate a pseudo two-dimensional model for a sealed nickel-cadmium cell. The porous electrode model is based on a macrohomogeneous description of the electrodes and takes into account various processes such as mass transport in the liquid phase and porosity and conductivity changes in the solid phase. The planar electrode model describes the processes occurring across the surface layer of active material, i.e., solid-state diffusion of protons and conductivity changes in the nickel oxide, and the charge-transfer across the film-electrolyte interface. Also, various routines have been added to the pseudo two-dimensional model thus integrated, to allow predictions for any nickel-cadmium battery under any desired charge-discharge schedule. From a comparison with the experimental data of an aerospace cell, the model parameters describing charge-discharge behavior of a Ni-Cd cell have been optimized to obtain a closer prediction with the experimental data. Upon optimizing the model parameters, the performance of the aerospace nickel-cadmium cell has been simulated under various experimental conditions, i.e., at different rates and temperatures. Also, generic Ragone plots for the cell and typical Tafel plots for cadmium and nickel electrodes at different states of charge have been constructed form the simulations. Finally, this model has been made available for any interested user through COSMIC NASA`s Computer Management and Information Center, along with documentation in six volumes describing the code, principles, and operating instructions.

Ratnakumar, B.V.; Timmerman, P.; Sanchez, C.; Di Stefano, S.; Halpert, G. [California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA (United States). Jet Propulsion Lab.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

On the Bone Tissue Response to Surface Chemistry Modifications of Titanium Implants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Background: Surface properties of titanium implants play an important role in osseointegration. From 1990, a lot of engineering techniques have been applied to dental implant (more)

Kang, Byung-Soo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

An Algorithm for Computing Customized 3D Printed Implants with Curvature Constrained Channels for Enhancing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Algorithm for Computing Customized 3D Printed Implants with Curvature Constrained Channels results in 3D printing and steerable needle motion planning to create customized implants containing

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

197

Graphene synthesis by ion implantation Slaven Garaj,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphene synthesis by ion implantation Slaven Garaj,1 William Hubbard,2 and J. A. Golovchenko1,2,a demonstrate an ion implantation method for large-scale synthesis of high quality graphene films with carbon atoms results in the surface growth of graphene films whose average thickness is controlled

Golovchenko, Jene A.

198

Graphene synthesis by ion implantation Slaven Garaj1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page 1 Graphene synthesis by ion implantation Slaven Garaj1 , William Hubbard2 , and J. A We demonstrate an ion implantation method for large-scale synthesis of high quality graphene films with carbon atoms results in the surface growth of graphene films whose average thickness is controlled

Golovchenko, Jene A.

199

Single Glucose Biofuel Cells Implanted in Rats Power Electronic Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single Glucose Biofuel Cells Implanted in Rats Power Electronic Devices A. Zebda1,2 , S. Cosnier1 the first implanted glucose biofuel cell (GBFC) that is capable of generating sufficient power from a mammal further developments. Following recent developments in nano- and biotechnology, state-of-the-art biofuel

Boyer, Edmond

200

Ion implantation of highly corrosive electrolyte battery components  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of producing corrosion resistant electrodes and other surfaces in corrosive batteries using ion implantation is described. Solid electrically conductive material is used as the ion implantation source. Battery electrode grids, especially anode grids, can be produced with greatly increased corrosion resistance for use in lead acid, molten salt, and sodium sulfur. 6 figs.

Muller, R.H.; Zhang, S.

1997-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Titanium oral implants: surface characteristics, interface biology and clinical outcome  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...outcome of a soft bone implant (prototype Mk IV) and the standard Branemark implant...Tengvall 2010 The effect of heat- or ultra violet ozone-treatment of titanium on...Rolander, and B. Kasemo 1991 Preparation of ultra-thin oxide windows on titanium for TEM...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

High current metal ion implantation facility  

SciTech Connect

A vacuum arc ion source based metal ion implantation facility has been established at Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey and a surface modification research and development program is underway. The system is similar to the one in Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory which was first built and developed by Brown et al. The broad-beam ion source is repetitively pulsed at rates up to {approximately}10 pulses per second (can be increased to 50 pulses per second) and the extracted ion beam current can be up to {approximately}1 Amp. peak or {approximately}10 mA time averaged. The ion source extraction voltage was increased to 60 kV corresponding to mean beam energies of up to 150 keV or more because of the ion charge state multiplicity (extraction voltage can be increased to 100 kV if desired). Commissioning of the facility is in progress. Initial emphasis of the R and D programs that will be carried out will be in forming tribologically enhanced materials for industrial applications. In this paper they describe the design and operation of the implanter, summarize the preliminary performance parameters that have been obtained, and outline some of the programs they anticipate doing.

Oztarhan, A. [Dokuz Eylul Univ., Izmir (Turkey); Brown, I.G. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Evans, P.; Watt, G. [ANSTO, Lucas Heights (Australia). Physics Div.; Bakkaloglu, C.; Eltas, A.S. [Ataturk Organyze San., Izmir (Turkey); Oks, E. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk (Russian Federation). High Current Electronics Inst.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

203

Neutron-induced helium implantation in GCFR cladding  

SciTech Connect

The neutron-induced implantation of helium atoms on the exterior surfaces of the cladding of a prototypic gas-cooled fast reactor (GCFR) has been investigated analytically. A flux of recoil helium particles as high as 4.2 x 10/sup 10/ He/cm/sup 2/.s at the cladding surface has been calculated at the peak power location in the core of a 300-MWe GCFR. The calculated profile of the helium implantation rates indicates that although some helium is implanted as deep as 20 ..mu..m, more than 99% of helium particles are implanted in the first 2-..mu..m-deep layer below the cladding surface. Therefore, the implanted helium particles should mainly affect surface properties of the GCFR cladding.

Yamada, H.; Poeppel, R. B.; Sevy, R. H.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Method of fabricating optical waveguides by ion implantation doping  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for fabricating high-quality optical waveguides in optical quality oxide crystals by ion implantation doping and controlled epitaxial recrystallization is provided. Masked LiNbO/sub 3/ crystals are implanted with high concentrations of Ti dopant at ion energies of about 360 keV while maintaining the crystal near liquid nitrogen temperature. Ion implantation doping produces an amorphous, Ti-rich nonequilibrium phase in the implanted region. Subsequent thermal annealing in a water-saturated oxygen atmosphere at up to 1000/degree/C produces solid-phase epitaxial regrowth onto the crystalline substrate. A high-quality crystalline layer results which incorporates the Ti into the crystal structure at much higher concentrations than is possible by standard diffusion techniques, and this implanted region has excellent optical waveguiding properties.

Appleton, B.R.; Ashley, P.R.; Buchal, C.J.

1987-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

205

Effective dopant activation by susceptor-assisted microwave annealing of low energy boron implanted and phosphorus implanted silicon  

SciTech Connect

Rapid processing and reduced end-of-range diffusion result from susceptor-assisted microwave (MW) annealing, making this technique an efficient processing alternative for electrically activating dopants within ion-implanted semiconductors. Sheet resistance and Hall measurements provide evidence of electrical activation. Susceptor-assisted MW annealing, of ion-implanted Si, enables more effective dopant activation and at lower temperatures than required for rapid thermal annealing (RTA). Raman spectroscopy and ion channeling analyses are used to monitor the extent of ion implantation damage and recrystallization. The presence and behavior of extended defects are monitored by cross-section transmission electron microscopy. Phosphorus implanted Si samples experience effective electrical activation upon MW annealing. On the other hand, when boron implanted Si is MW annealed, the growth of extended defects results in reduced crystalline quality that hinders the electrical activation process. Further comparison of dopant diffusion resulting from MW annealing and rapid thermal annealing is performed using secondary ion mass spectroscopy. MW annealed ion implanted samples show less end-of-range diffusion when compared to RTA samples. In particular, MW annealed P{sup +} implanted samples achieve no visible diffusion and equivalent electrical activation at a lower temperature and with a shorter time-duration of annealing compared to RTA. In this study, the peak temperature attained during annealing does not depend on the dopant species or dose, for susceptor-assisted MW annealing of ion-implanted Si.

Zhao, Zhao; Vemuri, Rajitha N. P.; Alford, T. L., E-mail: TA@asu.edu [School of Matter, Transport, and Energy, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States); David Theodore, N. [CHD-Fab, Freescale Semiconductor Inc., 1300 N. Alma School Rd., Chandler, Arizona 85224 (United States); Lu, Wei; Lau, S. S. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, San Diego, California 92093 (United States); Lanz, A. [Department of Mathematics, Norfolk State University, Norfolk, Virginia 23504 (United States)

2013-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

206

Using lean enterprise principles to drive quality and on time delivery to customers : a study of the Honeywell Aerospace Engine Assembly and Test Center of Excellence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Honeywell Aerospace has been a leader in manufacturing high quality engines to customers for decades. With engine and auxiliary power unit (APU) growth of-9% in 2005, and projected growth similar or greater for 2006, ...

Jones, Andrea (Andrea Sieg)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Glass/ceramic coatings for implants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Glass coatings on metals including Ti, Ti6A14V and CrCo were prepared for use as implants. The composition of the glasses was tailored to match the thermal expansion of the substrate metal. By controlling the firing atmosphere, time, and temperature, it was possible to control the reactivity between the glass and the alloy and to fabricate coatings (25-150 .mu.m thick) with excellent adhesion to the substrate. The optimum firing temperatures ranged between 800 and 840.degree. C. at times up to 1 min in air or 15 min in N.sub.2. The same basic technique was used to create multilayered coatings with concentration gradients of hydroxyapatite (HA) particles and SiO.sub.2.

Tomsia, Antoni P. (Pinole, CA); Saiz, Eduardo (Berkeley, CA); Gomez-Vega, Jose M. (Nagoya, JP); Marshall, Sally J. (Larkspur, CA); Marshall, Grayson W. (Larkspur, CA)

2011-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

208

Ion-implanted planar-buried-heterostructure diode laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Planar-Buried-Heterostructure, Graded-Index, Separate-Confinement-Heterostructure semiconductor diode laser 10 includes a single quantum well or multi-quantum well active stripe 12 disposed between a p-type compositionally graded Group III-V cladding layer 14 and an n-type compositionally graded Group III-V cladding layer 16. The laser 10 includes an ion implanted n-type region 28 within the p-type cladding layer 14 and further includes an ion implanted p-type region 26 within the n-type cladding layer 16. The ion implanted regions are disposed for defining a lateral extent of the active stripe.

Brennan, Thomas M. (Albuquerque, NM); Hammons, Burrell E. (Tijeras, NM); Myers, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Vawter, Gregory A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Recent advances to assess mono- and multi-delaminations behaviour of aerospace composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the last 10 years, significant research efforts have been conducted in the aerospace field to develop a predictive fracture mechanics approach to assess the behaviour resulting from localised delamination defects. The main results of this paper will be presented in two parts. The first part addresses: Development of specific experimental methods to monitor post-buckling delamination behaviour. Validation of mixed mode propagation criteria and development of experimental protocol to determine material fracture mechanics parameters. A robust numerical F.E. computation scheme (modified virtual crack extension) to assess energy released rate and mode partition along the delamination tip. Illustrations of the method will be presented through two typical configurations: Local delamination near the surface in a monolithic composite. Debonding between skin and honeycomb core of a sandwich structures. The second part will detail extension of the methodology proposed previously to assess failure mechanisms during static compression after impact of a monolithic composite plate. The damage morphology of an impacted composite plate is characterised by multi-delaminations with a typical helix geometry. The ruin mechanism is regarded as an elastic non-linear behaviour in the damaged area due to a progressive local buckling of delaminated plies until a coupled bending-compression failure. Damage evolution is predicted by introduction of delaminations in a 3D F.E. model with non-penetration contact conditions and elastic properties degradation of the damaged plies. Techniques to manage a mesh with multi-delaminations will be detailed.

D. Gudra-Degeorges

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Cell manipulation in autologous chondrocyte implantation: from research to cleanroom  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the field of orthopaedics, autologous chondrocyte implantation is a technique currently used for the regeneration of damaged articular cartilage. There is evidence of the neo-formation of tissue displaying ...

Livia Roseti; Marta Serra; Domenico Tigani

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Nanocrystal formation via yttrium ion implantation into sapphire  

SciTech Connect

Ion implantation has been used to form nanocrystals in the near surface of single crystal {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. The ion fluence was 5 x 10{sup 16} Y{sup +}/cm{sup 2}, and the implant energies investigated were 100, 150, and 170 keV. The morphology of the implanted region was investigated using transmission electron microscopy, x-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy, Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy and ion channeling. The implantation causes the formation of an amorphous surface layer which contains spherical nanosized crystals with a diameter of {approximately}13 nm. The nanocrystals are randomly oriented and exhibit a face-centered cubic structure with a lattice parameter of {approximately}4.1 A {+-} .02 A. Preliminary chemical analysis shows that these nanocrystals are rich in aluminum and yttrium and poor in oxygen relative to the amorphous matrix.

Hunt, E.M.; Hampikian, J.M. [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Materials Science and Engineering; Poker, D.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Solid State Div.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

212

Surface roughening in ion implanted 4H-silicon carbide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Silicon carbide (SiC) devices have the potential to yield new components with functional capabilities that far exceed components based on silicon devices. Selective doping of SiC by ion implantation is an importa...

M. A. Capano; S. Ryu; J. A. Cooper Jr.; M. R. Melloch

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Interfacial Interactions between Implant Electrode and Biological Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interactions to the charge transport. The interfacial interactions of an implanted electrode with neural system will be studied in two types of electrodes: silver and graphene coated. The interfacial impedance of both samples will be studied using EIS...

Chiu, Cheng-Wei 1979-

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

214

High-Tech Brain Implant Predicts, Prevents Epileptic Seizures...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Tech Brain Implant Predicts, Prevents Epileptic Seizures (ANL-IN-08-043) Argonne National Laboratory Contact ANL About This Technology

Prototype of a seven-element cooling...

215

Ion implanted step recovery diodes - influence of material parameter variations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using both planar and mesa device technologies were developed. Utilizing a process sequence based upon a unique form of mesa tech- nology, ion implantation was determined to be a very desirable technological procedure for reliably and eco- nomically... investigated. . . 2 3 5 7 11 HYBRID SRD STRUCTURES. 14 First Generation Devices. Device processing. Experimental results. Difficulties and Technology Development. . Starting material. Boron implantation Photolithography and mesa etching...

Mosman, Thomas Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

216

Modification of epitaxial oxide films with ion implantation  

SciTech Connect

Ion implantation is used to modify the properties of oxide (YBCO and YSZ) thin films. Both superconducting and dielectric epitaxial oxide films, grown by laser ablation, are studied. The properties of the implanted oxide films are characterized by SIMS, XPS, DC resistivity and AC susceptibility measurements. By introducing reactive ions into superconducting oxide films, the conductivity of the material is inhibited possibly due to the interaction of the implanted ions with oxygen originally bound to the copper atoms. Al, Si, Ag and Ca ions are implanted into epitaxial YBCO films with injection energies ranging from 50--100 KeV and doses ranging from 1 {times} 10{sup 15}--1 {times} 10{sup 16}/cm{sup 2}. XPS analysis shows that the implanted Si ions form SiO{sub x}. The inhibition method has been applied to the fabrication of superconducting electronic devices, such as SQUIDs. Dielectric oxide films are doped by the implantation of conductive and nonconductive ions. YSZ films are doped with Ag and Si ions and the ions are found to increase the conductivity.

Hong, S.H.; Miller, J.R.; Ma, Q.Y.; Yang, E.S. [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Fenner, D.B. [AFR Inc., East Hartford, CT (United States); Yang, C.Y. [Santa Clara Univ., CA (United States). Microelectronics Lab.; Budnick, J.I. [Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States). Dept. of Physics

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Short Implants Might be a Predictable Treatment Alternative to Long Implants Which Often Require Additional Augmentation Procedures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Article Title and Bibliographic Information Survival of short dental implants for treatment of posterior partial edentulism: a systematic review. Atieh MA, Zadeh H, Stanford CM, CooperLF. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2012;27(6):1323-31. Reviewers Sung-Kiang Chuang, DMD, MD, DMSc, Chun-Teh Lee, DDS, MS Purpose/Question The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether there was a significant difference in the survival of short implants (?8.5mm) and longer implants for the management of posterior partial edentulism Source of Funding Information not available (The authors declared no conflicts of interest in the acknowledgment section) Type of Study/Design Systematic review with meta-analysis of data Level of Evidence Level 2: Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence Strength of Recommendation Grade Grade B: Inconsistent or limited-quality patient-oriented evidence

Sung-Kiang Chuang; Chun-Teh Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Photosensitivity enhancement of PLZT ceramics by positive ion implantation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The photosensitivity of lead lanthanum zirconate titanate (PLZT) ceramic material used in high resolution, high contrast, and non-volatile photoferroelectric image storage and display devices is enhanced significantly by positive ion implantation of the PLZT near its surface. Implanted ions include H.sup.+, He.sup.+, Ne.sup.+, Ar.sup.+, as well as chemically reactive ions from Fe, Cr, and Al. The positive ion implantation advantageously serves to shift the absorption characteristics of the PLZT material from near-UV light to visible light. As a result, photosensitivity enhancement is such that the positive ion implanted PLZT plate is sensitive even to sunlight and conventional room lighting, such as fluorescent and incandescent light sources. The method disclosed includes exposing the PLZT plate to the positive ions at sufficient density, from 1.times.10.sup.12 to 1.times.10.sup.17, and with sufficient energy, from 100 to 500 KeV, to provide photosensitivity enhancement. The PLZT material may have a lanthanum content ranging from 5 to 10%, a lead zirconate content of 62 to 70 mole %, and a lead titanate content of 38 to 30%. The ions are implanted at a depth of 0.1 to 2 microns below the surface of the PLZT plate.

Land, Cecil E. (Albuquerque, NM); Peercy, Paul S. (Albuquerque, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Reduction of phosphorus diffusion in germanium by fluorine implantation  

SciTech Connect

The control of phosphorus (P) diffusion in germanium (Ge) is essential for the realisation of ultrashallow n-type junctions in Ge. This work reports a detailed study of the effect of fluorine (F) co-implantation on P diffusion in Ge. P and F profiles were characterized by secondary ion mass spectroscopy. The ion implantation damage was investigated using cross sectional transmission electron microscopy. It is shown that F co-implantation reduces the implanted P profile width and reduces both intrinsic and extrinsic P diffusion in Ge. A defect mediated mechanism for the strong influence of F co-implantation on P diffusion in Ge is proposed and invokes the formation of F{sub n}V{sub m} clusters in the F-amorphized Ge layer. A fraction of these F{sub n}V{sub m} clusters decorate the interstitial type end-of-range defects in the re-grown Ge layer and the rest react during re-growth with interstitial germanium atoms diffusing back from the amorphous crystalline interface. The Ge vacancies are then annihilated and mobile interstitial F is released and out diffuses from the surface. This results in a re-grown Ge layer which has a low vacancy concentration and in which the P diffusion rate is reduced. These results open the way to the realization of enhanced Ge n-type devices.

El Mubarek, H. A. W. [School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

220

Surface modification of biomaterials using plasma immersion ion implantation and deposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Academy of Sciences, , Shanghai...review the recent advances in surface...microelectronics, aerospace engineering...by a more recent study, in...development and recent progress...Ultimately, advances in emerging...National Natural Science Foundation...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Physics based analytical modelling of silicon carbide (SiC) MESFET considering different ion implantation energy with high temperature annealing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A Physics based analytical model of ion implanted SiC MESFET has been developed considering the high temperature annealing effects. The diffusion of implanted impurities has (more)

Yadavalli, Karthik Vishwanath

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Wear and friction behavior of Zr implanted D3 steel  

SciTech Connect

Multicharged, pure, high current and pulsed ion beams of Zr have been extracted from a metal vapor vacuum arc (MEVVA) source and implanted into AISI D3 (C: 2-2,35%, Mn: 0,60%, Si: 0,60%, Cr: 11-13,50%, Ni: 0,30%, W: 1%, V: 1%) tool steel samples at the 3,6.1016, 5.1016 and 1.1017 ions/cm2 doses. The wear resistance and friction coefficient have been estimated using pin-on-disc wear tests. Implantation of Zr decreased the wear loss and friction coefficient. RBS, AES and SEM Microprobe analyses were used as a guide for explanation of implantation's effects.

Akbas, N.; Saklakoglu, I.E.; Monteiro, O.R.; Brown, I.G.

2001-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

223

Sequential-ion-implantation synthesis of ternary metal silicides  

SciTech Connect

By implanting two different metals in sequence into Si(100), we find that new ternary silicides can by synthesized with simple binary silicide structures. The synthesis of CoSi[sub 2]-type (Co,Fe)Si[sub 2], and CoSi-type (Co,Fe)Si and (Fe,Ni)Si is demonstrated. The structure is largely determined by the first implanted metal and the total dose of the two metals, allowing one to design the structure of the ternary silicide. The two implanted species occupy equivalent positions in the same structure and the metal composition may be continuously varied in a given structure. This opens new possibilities for the synthesis of ternary and multinary compounds and alloys.

Tan, Z. (Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)); Namavar, F. (Spire Corporation, Bedford, Massachusetts 01730-2396 (United States)); Heald, S.M. (Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)); Budnick, J.I. (Physics Department and Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3046 (United States))

1993-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

224

Caborane beam from ITEP Bernas ion source for semiconductor implanters  

SciTech Connect

A joint research and development of steady state intense boron ion sources for hundreds of electron-volt ion implanters has been in progress for the past 5 years. The difficulties of extraction and transportation of low energy boron beams can be solved by implanting clusters of boron atoms. In Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) the Bernas ion source successfully generated the beam of decaborane ions. The carborane (C{sub 2}B{sub 10}H{sub 12}) ion beam is more attractive material due to its better thermal stability. The results of carborane ion beam generation are presented. The result of the beam implantation into the silicon wafer is presented as well.

Seleznev, D.; Hershcovitch, A.; Kropachev, G.; Kozlov, A.; Kuibeda, R.; Koshelev, V.; Kulevoy, T.; Jonson, B.; Poole, J.; Alexeyenko, O.; Gurkova, E.; Oks, E.; Gushenets, V.; Polozov, S.; Masunov, E.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Next-generation biomedical implants using additive manufacturing of complex, cellular and functional mesh arrays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...biomedical implants using additive manufacturing of complex, cellular and...intramedullary rods, using additive manufacturing (AM) by electron beam...implants could be fabricated by additive manufacturing-(AM) from precursor...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Accumulation and Distribution of Uranium in Rats after Implantation with Depleted Uranium Fragments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Rats after Implantation with Depleted Uranium Fragments Guoying Zhu 1 * Mingguang...and distribution of uranium in depleted uranium (DU) implanted rats. Materials...of chronic exposure to DU. Depleted uranium|Bone|Kidney|Distribution......

Guoying Zhu; Mingguang Tan; Yulan Li; Xiqiao Xiang; Heping Hu; Shuquan Zhao

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

A micro-structured ion-implanted magnonic crystal  

SciTech Connect

We investigate spin-wave propagation in a microstructured magnonic-crystal waveguide fabricated by localized ion implantation. The irradiation caused a periodic variation in the saturation magnetization along the waveguide. As a consequence, the spin-wave transmission spectrum exhibits a set of frequency bands, where spin-wave propagation is suppressed. A weak modification of the saturation magnetization by 7% is sufficient to decrease the spin-wave transmission in the band gaps by a factor of 10. These results evidence the applicability of localized ion implantation for the fabrication of efficient micron- and nano-sized magnonic crystals for magnon spintronic applications.

Obry, Bjoern; Pirro, Philipp; Chumak, Andrii V.; Ciubotaru, Florin; Serga, Alexander A.; Hillebrands, Burkard [Fachbereich Physik and Forschungszentrum OPTIMAS, Technische Universitaet Kaiserslautern, D-67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany)] [Fachbereich Physik and Forschungszentrum OPTIMAS, Technische Universitaet Kaiserslautern, D-67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany); Braecher, Thomas [Fachbereich Physik and Forschungszentrum OPTIMAS, Technische Universitaet Kaiserslautern, D-67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany) [Fachbereich Physik and Forschungszentrum OPTIMAS, Technische Universitaet Kaiserslautern, D-67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany); Graduate School Materials Science in Mainz, D-67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany); Osten, Julia; Fassbender, Juergen [Institut fuer Ionenstrahlphysik und Materialforschung, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, D-01328 Dresden, Germany and Technische Universitaet Dresden, D-01062 Dresden (Germany)] [Institut fuer Ionenstrahlphysik und Materialforschung, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, D-01328 Dresden, Germany and Technische Universitaet Dresden, D-01062 Dresden (Germany)

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

228

Medium energy ion implantation of Germanium into heated Silicon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flange arranged in a standard Einsel lens arrangement and a set of 13 ++12 ~6 L, 1 - Source 2 - Acceleration Column 3. - Glass Cross and 6" Diffusion 4 - Separation Magnet 5 - Gate Valve 6 - Quadrupole 7 - Rear Collimator 8 - Deflection Plates... Analysis of a, 40 keV, SXIO" ions cm' Ge Implant into 420'C FZ &111& Si. 29 300 keV He RBS analysis of two, 60 keV, 3X10" ions cm' Ge implants, rastered and unrastered, into 300'C FZ &111& Si. 30 LIST OF TABLES Table Page Cntical thickness of a Ge...

McCoy, John Curtis

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Epitaxial silicide formation on recoil-implanted substrates  

SciTech Connect

An epitaxy-on-recoil-implanted-substrate (ERIS) technique is presented. A disordered surface layer, generated by forward recoil implantation of {approx}0.7-3x10{sup 15} cm{sup -2} of oxygen during Ar plasma etching of surface oxide, is shown to facilitate the subsequent epitaxial growth of {approx}25-35-nm-thick CoSi{sub 2} layers on Si(100). The dependence of the epitaxial fraction of the silicide on the recoil-implantation parameters is studied in detail. A reduction in the silicide reaction rate due to recoil-implanted oxygen is shown to be responsible for the observed epitaxial formation, similar to mechanisms previously observed for interlayer-mediated growth techniques. Oxygen is found to remain inside the fully reacted CoSi{sub 2} layer, likely in the form of oxide precipitates. The presence of these oxide precipitates, with only a minor effect on the sheet resistance of the silicide layer, has a surprisingly beneficial effect on the thermal stability of the silicide layers. The agglomeration of ERIS-grown silicide layers on polycrystalline Si is significantly suppressed, likely from a reduced diffusivity due to oxygen in the grain boundaries. The implications of the present technique for the processing of deep submicron devices are discussed.

Hashimoto, Shin; Egashira, Kyoko; Tanaka, Tomoya; Etoh, Ryuji; Hata, Yoshifumi; Tung, R. T. [Corporate Manufacturing and Development Division, Semiconductor Company, Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd., Kyoto 617-8520 (Japan); Department of Physics, Brooklyn College, City University of New York, Brooklyn, New York 11210 (United States)

2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

DIFFUSION OF MAGNESIUM AND MICROSTRUCTURES IN Mg+ IMPLANTED SILICON CARBIDE  

SciTech Connect

Following our previous reports [ 1- 3], further isochronal annealing (2 hrs.) of the monocrystalline 6H-SiC and polycrystalline CVD 3C-SiC was performed at 1573 and 1673 K in Ar environment. SIMS data indicate that observable Mg diffusion in 6H-SiC starts and a more rapid diffusion in CVD 3C-SiC occurs at 1573 K. The implanted Mg atoms tend to diffuse deeper into the undamaged CVD 3C-SiC. The microstructure with Mg inclusions in the as-implanted SiC has been initially examined using high-resolution STEM. The presence of Mg in the TEM specimen has been confirmed based on EDS mapping. Additional monocrystalline 3C-SiC samples have been implanted at 673 K to ion fluence 3 times higher than the previous one. RBS/C analysis has been performed before and after thermal annealing at 1573 K for 12 hrs. Isothermal annealing at 1573 K is being carried out and Mg depth profiles being measured. Microstructures in both the as-implanted and annealed samples are also being examined using STEM.

Jiang, Weilin; Edwards, Danny J.; Jung, Hee Joon; Wang, Zheming; Zhu, Zihua; Roosendaal, Timothy J.; Hu, Shenyang Y.; Henager, Charles H.; Kurtz, Richard J.; Wang, Yongqiang

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

231

Optimal Operating Frequency in Wireless Power Transmission for Implantable Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal Operating Frequency in Wireless Power Transmission for Implantable Devices Ada S. Y. Poon, Stephen O'Driscoll, and Teresa H. Meng Abstract-- This paper examines short-range wireless power- ing run on power levels ranging from 10 µW to 1 mW. However, the wireless interface for both power

Poon, Ada

232

Silicon-on-Insulator Racetrack Resonator Tuning Via Ion Implantation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Silicon-on-Insulator Racetrack Resonator Tuning Via Ion Implantation Jason Ackert, Dylan Logan, Jonathan Doylend and Andrew Knights Department of Engineering Physics McMaster University Hamilton, Canada Lukas Chrostowski and Raha Vafaei Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University

Bowers, John

233

Surgical implantation techniques for electronic tags in fish  

SciTech Connect

Intracoelomic implantation of transmitters into fish requires making a surgical incision, incision closure, and other surgery related techniques; however, the tools and techniques used in the surgical process vary widely. We review the available literature and focus on tools and techniques used for conducting surgery on juvenile salmonids because of the large amount of research that is conducted on them. The use of sterilized surgical instruments properly selected for a given size of fish will minimize tissue damage and infection rates, and speed the wound healing of fish implanted with transmitters. For the implantation of transmitters into small fish, the optimal surgical methods include making an incision on the ventral midline along the linea alba (for studies under 1 month), protecting the viscera (by lifting the skin with forceps while creating the incision), and using absorbable monofilament suture with a small-swaged-on swaged-on tapered or reverse-cutting needle. Standardizing the implantation techniques to be used in a study involving particular species and age classes of fish will improve survival and transmitter retention while allowing for comparisons to be made among studies and across multiple years. This review should be useful for researchers working on juvenile salmonids and other sizes and species of fish.

Wagner, Glenn N.; Cooke, Steven J.; Brown, Richard S.; Deters, Katherine A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Diffusion and impurity segregation in hydrogen-implanted silicon carbide  

SciTech Connect

Diffusion and segregation behavior of hydrogen and oxygen in silicon carbide subjected to H implantation and subsequent annealing were studied with a number of analytical techniques including Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS), Rutherford backscattering spectrometry in channeling geometry, field emission scanning electron microscopy, optical microscopy, cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy. H{sup +} implantation was carried out with energies of 200?keV, 500?keV, or 1?MeV to doses of 1??10{sup 16}, 1??10{sup 17}, or 2??10{sup 17} ion/cm{sup 2}, and thermal treatment was conducted in flowing argon for 1 to 2 h at temperatures of 740, 780, 1000, or 1100?C. The process of migration and eventual loss of hydrogen in a point defect regime is postulated to proceed to a large extent through ionized vacancies. This conclusion was derived from the observed substantial difference in H mobilities in n- vs. p-type SiC as the population of ionized vacancies is governed by the Fermi-Dirac statistics, i.e., the position of the Fermi level. For higher doses, a well defined buried planar zone forms in SiC at the maximum of deposited energy, comprising numerous microvoids and platelets that are trapping sites for hydrogen atoms. At a certain temperature, a more or less complete exfoliation of the implanted layer is observed. For a 1?MeV implant heated to 1100?C in nominally pure argon, SIMS profiling reveals a considerable oxygen peak of 10{sup 16} O atoms/cm{sup 2} situated at a depth close to that of the peak of the implanted H{sup +}. Similarly, 1100?C annealing of a 200?keV implant induces the formation of a thin oxide (4?nm), located at the interface between the implanted layer and the substrate as evidenced by both SIMS and HRTEM. The measurements were taken on the part of the sample that remained un-exfoliated. In view of a lack of convincing evidence that a hexagonal SiC might contain substantial amounts of oxygen, further investigation is under way to elucidate its presence in the irradiation-damaged films.

Barcz, A., E-mail: barcz@ite.waw.pl [Institute of Electron Technology, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Kozubal, M.; Ratajczak, J.; Go?aszewska, K. [Institute of Electron Technology, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Jakie?a, R.; Dyczewski, J.; Wojciechowski, T. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Celler, G. K. [Institute for Advanced Materials, Devices, and Nanotechnology (IAMDN)/Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901 (United States)

2014-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

235

Potential and prospective implementation of carbon nanotubes on next generation aircraft and space vehicles: A review of current and expected applications in aerospace sciences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Carbon nanotubes have instigated the interest of many different scientific fields since their authenticated introduction, more than two decades ago. Particularly in aerospace applications, the potential implementations of these advanced materials have been predicted to have a large impact on future aircraft and space vehicles, mainly due to their distinct features, which include superior mechanical, thermal and electrical properties. This article provides the very first consolidated review of the imminent prospects of utilizing carbon nanotubes and nanoparticles in aerospace sciences, based on their recent implementations and predicted future applications. Explicitly, expected carbon nanotube employment in aeronautics and astronautics are identified for commercial aircraft, military aircraft, rotorcraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, satellites, and space launch vehicles. Attention is devoted to future utilization of carbon nanotubes, which may comprise hydrogen storage encapsulation, composite material implementation, lightning protection for aircraft, aircraft icing mitigation, reduced weight of airframes/satellites, and alleviation of challenges related to future space launch. This study further sheds light onto recent actualized implementations of carbon nanotubes in aerospace applications, as well as current and prospective challenges related to their usage in aerospace sciences, encompassing health and safety hazards, large scale manufacturing, achievement of optimum properties, recycling, and environmental impacts.

Omid Gohardani; Maialen Chapartegui Elola; Cristina Elizetxea

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Modification of the optical properties of ZnO thin films by proton implantation  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: ? Optical properties of proton-implanted ZnO thin film prepared by rf magneton sputtering were studied. ? Increase in the ordinary refractive index after proton implantation was explained by the polarizability. ? A slight decrease in the optical bandgap by proton implantation was identified. -- Abstract: Optical properties of proton-implanted ZnO thin film prepared by radio-frequency (rf) magneton sputtering have been studied, the optical constants being obtained from the reflectance measurements by employing CauchyUrbach model. Increase in the ordinary refractive index after proton implantation was explained by that in the polarizability. Besides, a slight increase in the optical band gap by proton implantation was identified and discussed in terms of the hydrogen shallow donors introduced by the proton implantation.

Ham, Yong Ju; Park, Jun Kue; Lee, W. [Department of Physics and Institute for Nano Science, Korea University, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Physics and Institute for Nano Science, Korea University, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Cheol Eui, E-mail: rscel@korea.ac.kr [Department of Physics and Institute for Nano Science, Korea University, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of); Park, W. [Graduate School of Management of Technology, Korea University, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of)] [Graduate School of Management of Technology, Korea University, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

237

Simulation of BF{sub 3} plasma immersion ion implantation into silicon  

SciTech Connect

Plasma immersion ion implantation from a BF{sub 3} plasma into crystalline (100) silicon was performed using the PULSION plasma doping tool. Implanted boron profiles were measured with the SIMS method and simulated using models with different levels of sophistication. The physical implantation model is based on an analytical energy distribution for ions from the plasma and uses a Monte-Carlo simulation code. An analytical model of plasma immersion ion implantation that assumes a uniform and isotropic implantation was implemented in a software module called IMP3D. The functionality of this module which was initially envisaged for the three-dimensional simulation of conventional ion implantation was extended to plasma immersion ion implantation and examples of 2D and 3D simulations from this are presented.

Burenkov, A.; Hahn, A.; Spiegel, Y.; Etienne, H.; Torregrosa, Frank [Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Systems and Device Technology Schottkystrasse 10, 91058 Erlangen (Germany); Ion Beam Services ZI Peynier Rousset, Rue G. Imbert Prolongee, F-13790 Peynier (France)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

238

From acid etching treatments to tribocorrosive properties of dental implants: do some experimental results on surface treatments have an influence on the tribocorrosion behaviour of dental implants?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Surface treatments of dental implants aim at promoting osseointegration, i.e. the anchorage of the metallic part. Titanium-, grade II?V, based material is used as a bulk material for dental implants. For promoting the anchorage of this metallic biomaterial in human jaw, some strategies have been applied for improving the surface state, i.e. roughness, topography and coatings. A case study, experimental study, is described with the method of acid etching on titanium grade 4, CpTi. The main goal is to find the right proportion in a mixture of two acids in order to obtain the best surface state. Finally, a pure theoretical prediction is quite impossible and some experimental investigations are necessary to improve the surface state. The described acid etching is compared with some other acid etching treatments and some coatings available on dental implants. Thus, the discussion is focused on the tribocorrosion behaviour of titanium-based materials. The purpose of the coating is that the lifetime under tribocorrosion is limited. Moreover, the surgery related to the implantation has a huge impact on the stability of dental implants. Thus, the performance of dental implants depends on factors related to surgery (implantation) that are difficult to predict from the biomaterial characteristics. From the tribocorrosion point of view, i.e. during the mastication step, the titanium material is submitted to some deleterious factors that cause the performance of dental implants to decrease.

Jean Geringer; Nicolas Demanget; Julie Pellier

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Intracranial electrode implantation produces regional neuroinflammation and memory deficits in rats  

SciTech Connect

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an established treatment for advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). The procedure entails intracranial implantation of an electrode in a specific brain structure followed by chronic stimulation. Although the beneficial effects of DBS on motor symptoms in PD are well known, it is often accompanied by cognitive impairments, the origin of which is not fully understood. To explore the possible contribution of the surgical procedure itself, we studied the effect of electrode implantation in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) on regional neuroinflammation and memory function in rats implanted bilaterally with stainless steel electrodes. Age-matched sham and intact rats were used as controls. Brains were removed 1 or 8 weeks post-implantation and processed for in vitro autoradiography with [(3)H]PK11195, an established marker of microglial activation. Memory function was assessed by the novel object recognition test (ORT) before surgery and 2 and 8 weeks after surgery. Electrode implantation produced region-dependent changes in ligand binding density in the implanted brains at 1 as well as 8 weeks post-implantation. Cortical regions showed more intense and widespread neuroinflammation than striatal or thalamic structures. Furthermore, implanted animals showed deficits in ORT performance 2 and 8 weeks post-implantation. Thus, electrode implantation resulted in a widespread and persistent neuroinflammation and sustained memory impairment. These results suggest that the insertion and continued presence of electrodes in the brain, even without stimulation, may lead to inflammation-mediated cognitive deficits in susceptible individuals, as observed in patients treated with DBS.

Kuttner-Hirshler, Y.; Biegon, A.; Kuttner-Hirshler, Y.; Polat, U.; Biegon, A.

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

240

Microstructures of Si surface layers implanted with Cu  

SciTech Connect

Microstructures of Si ion-implanted with Cu have been characterized by TEM after annealing. For 1.2 at.%, the Cu is trapped at planar defects, but for 10 at.%, {eta}-Cu{sub 3}Si forms and Cu diffuses at its equilibrium solubility. These observations allow proper evaluation of the binding energies of Cu to previously formed internal cavities (2.2 eV) and {eta}-Cu{sub 3}Si (1.7 eV). The 10 at.% Cu layer promotes oxidation of Si catalyzed by {eta}-Cu{sub 3}Si. The microstructures also indicate that Si implanted with {approximately}2 at.% Cu reforms epitaxially with embedded defects after 8 hr at 700C, but for {approximately}10 at.% Cu, epitaxy is not recovered after 6 hours at 600C.

Follstaedt, D.M.; Myers, S.M.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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241

Acoustical renovation of portable classrooms for cochlear implanted pupils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Anticipating increased enrollment of children with cochlear implants the Riverside County Office of Education undertook the acoustical renovation of two portable classrooms in Californias Riverside County: Wildomar Elementary School in Wildomar and Katherine Finchy Elementary School in Palm Springs. The aim was to improve the acoustical environment to make the classrooms suitable for pupils with severe hearing disabilities (reduce noise and reverberation). Lacking an acoustical standard specific for cochlear implanted pupils the acoustical goals chosen were those of the ANSI acoustical standard S12.60?2002. Key changes were intended to reduce interior noise from HVAC and improve the facade insulation to reduce exterior noise intrusion. The resulting acoustical improvements are documented. Costs and lessons learned are discussed.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Method of making silicon on insalator material using oxygen implantation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The described embodiments of the present invention provide a semiconductor on insulator structure providing a semiconductor layer less susceptible to single event upset errors (SEU) due to radiation. The semiconductor layer is formed by implanting ions which form an insulating layer beneath the surface of a crystalline semiconductor substrate. The remaining crystalline semiconductor layer above the insulating layer provides nucleation sites for forming a crystalline semiconductor layer above the insulating layer. The damage caused by implantation of the ions for forming an insulating layer is left unannealed before formation of the semiconductor layer by epitaxial growth. The epitaxial layer, thus formed, provides superior characteristics for prevention of SEU errors, in that the carrier lifetime within the epitaxial layer, thus formed, is less than the carrier lifetime in epitaxial layers formed on annealed material while providing adequate semiconductor characteristics.

Hite, Larry R. (Dallas, TX); Houston, Ted (Richardson, TX); Matloubian, Mishel (Dallas, TX)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Subcutaneous Venous Port Implantation in Patients with Bilateral Breast Surgery  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term follow-up results of subcutaneous venous ports implanted in patients with bilateral mastectomies. We retrospectively reviewed the hospital charts and the electronic database of 17 patients with bilateral mastectomies whom had venous port implantation in our interventional radiology suit. A total of 17 ports were implanted to the paramedian (n = 3) and anterolateral (standard; n = 12) chest wall, on the trapezius muscle (n = 1), and to the antecubital fossa (n = 1). The mean age was 48.29 years (range: 35-60 years). The mean time interval from time of surgery to port implantation was 34 months (range: 1-84 months). The mean follow-up time was 15 months (range: 7-39 months). Follow-up parameters and classification of the complications was defined according to the SIR guidelines. No procedure-related complication occurred. A single case of mild late infection was noted and the infection rate was 0.19/1000 catheter days. Infusion chemotherapy administration was still going on in eight patients. Two patients died during the follow-up and four patients were lost after 6 months. Port removal was performed in three patients at follow-up because of the end of treatment. One trapezius port and one paramedian port weres among the removed ports without any problem. Although we have a limited number of patients, port placement to the anterior chest wall, either paramedian or anterolateral, on the trapezius muscle or to the antecubital fossa depending on the extent of the bilateral breast surgeries that can be performed with low complication rates by a careful patient and anatomical location selection by involving the patients in the decision-making process. We believe that patient education and knowledge of possible complications have high importance in follow-up.

Peynircioglu, Bora, E-mail: borapeynir@gmail.com; Arslan, E. Bengi; Cil, Barbaros E.; Geyik, Serdar; Hazirolan, Tuncay [Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Konan, Ali [Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Department of General Surgery (Turkey); Balkanci, Ferhun [Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Field emission study of cobalt ion implanted porous silicon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis . Field Emission Measurements of Cobalt Implanted Porous Silicon Differences between the 1mplanted Porous Silicon Field Emission Devioe and the Al-anode Oxidized Porous Silicon Field Emission Diode VII CONCLUSION 70 94 99 REFERENCES... Emission Diode (OPSFED) was developed and studied [8] . The OPSFED was using the irregularity on the interface between the oxidized porous silicon film and silicon substrate as field emission cathodes, and a thin aluminum layer deposited...

Liu, Hongbiao

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

245

Meta-analysis of First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Implant Arthroplasty  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Management of late-stage degenerative joint disease of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MPJ) is a complex topic that is frequently the source of debate among foot and ankle surgeons. Several surgical interventions have been described to treat this condition. One of the most contested of these treatments is implant arthroplasty of the first MPJ. The primary aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the clinical benefit of first MPJ implant arthroplasty in regard to patient satisfaction. Reviewers formally trained in meta-analysis abstraction techniques searched databases and indices using medical subject heading terms and other methods to identify all relevant studies published since 1990. Initially, 3874 citations were identified and evaluated for relevance. Abstract screening produced 112 articles to be read in entirety, of which 47 articles studying 3049 procedures with a mean 61.48 (SD 45.03) month follow-up met all prospective inclusion criteria necessary for analysis. Overall crude patient satisfaction following first MPJ implant arthroplasty was 85.7% (95% confidence interval: 82.5%88.3%). When adjusting for lower quality studies (retrospective, less than 5 years of follow-up, higher percent of patients lost to follow-up), the overall patient satisfaction increased to 94.5% (89.6%97.2%) in the highest-quality studies. This adjustment also significantly decreased heterogeneity across studies (crude Q = 184.6, high-quality studies Q = 2.053). Additional a priori sources of heterogeneity were evaluated by subgroup analysis and meta-regression. In regards to patient satisfaction, this comprehensive analysis provides supportive evidence to the clinical benefit of first MPJ implant arthroplasties. Level of Clinical Evidence: 1

Emily Cook; Jeremy Cook; Barry Rosenblum; Adam Landsman; John Giurini; Philip Basile

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Precipitation of boron in silicon on high-dose implantation  

SciTech Connect

Precipitation of boron implanted in silicon with a dose of 1 x 10{sup 16} cm{sup -2} is studied in relation to the concentration of substitutional boron C{sub B{sub 0}} introduced before implantation and before subsequent annealing at 900 deg. C. It is shown that C{sub B{sub 0}} = 2.5 x 10{sup 20} cm{sup -3} is the critical concentration, at which the formation of precipitates is independent of the concentration of point defects introduced by implantation (far from or close to the mean projected range R{sub p}) and constitutes the prevailing channel of deactivation of boron. At lower concentrations C{sub B{sub 0}} close to the equilibrium concentration, precipitation is observed only far from R{sub p}, in the regions of reduced concentrations of point defects. At the same time, in the region of R{sub p} with a high concentration of point defects, most boron atoms are drawn into clustering with intrinsic interstitial atoms with the formation of dislocation loops and, thus, become electrically inactive as well.

Feklistov, K. V., E-mail: kos@thermo.isp.nsc.ru; Fedina, L. I.; Cherkov, A. G. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Division (Russian Federation)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

E-Print Network 3.0 - ahmed valve implantation Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Engineering ; Materials Science ; Biology and Medicine 3 Insertion of Heart Valves by Catheterization Design Team Summary: procedure for surgeons to implant heart...

248

Radiative Decay Engineering of Direct Bandgap Emission in Silver Ion-Implanted Polarized Silicon Quantum Dots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emission from low energy Silver ion implanted crystalline silicon quantum dots can be enhanced due to enhanced radiative recombination induced by polarization of the dots and metal...

Singh, Akhilesh; Gryczynski, Karol; Neogi, Arup; Kim, Moon

249

Ion Sources for High Energy Ion Implantation at BNL | U.S. DOE...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Ion Sources for High Energy Ion Implantation at BNL Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Applications of Nuclear Science...

250

Magnetic Processing A Pervasive Energy Efficient Technology for Next Generation Materials for Aerospace and Specialty Steel Markets  

SciTech Connect

Thermomagnetic Magnetic Processing is an exceptionally fertile, pervasive and cross-cutting technology that is just now being recognized by several major industry leaders for its significant potential to increase energy efficiency and materials performance for a myriad of energy intensive industries in a variety of areas and applications. ORNL has pioneered the use and development of large magnetic fields in thermomagnetically processing (T-MP) materials for altering materials phase equilibria and transformation kinetics. ORNL has discovered that using magnetic fields, we can produce unique materials responses. T-MP can produce unique phase stabilities & microstructures with improved materials performance for structural and functional applications not achieved with traditional processing techniques. These results suggest that there are unprecedented opportunities to produce significantly enhanced materials properties via atomistic level (nano-) microstructural control and manipulation. ORNL (in addition to others) have shown that grain boundary chemistry and precipitation kinetics are also affected by large magnetic fields. This CRADA has taken advantage of ORNLs unique, custom-designed thermo-magnetic, 9 Tesla superconducting magnet facility that enables rapid heating and cooling of metallic components within the magnet bore; as well as ORNLs expertise in high magnetic field (HMF) research. Carpenter Technologies, Corp., is a a US-based industrial company, that provides enhanced performance alloys for the Aerospace and Specialty Steel products. In this CRADA, Carpenter Technologies, Corp., is focusing on applying ORNLs Thermomagnetic Magnetic Processing (TMP) technology to improve their current and future proprietary materials product performance and open up new markets for their Aerospace and Specialty Steel products. Unprecedented mechanical property performance improvements have been demonstrated for a high strength bainitic alloy industrial/commercial alloy that is envisioned to provide the potential for new markets for this alloy. These thermomechanical processing results provide these alloys with a major breakthrough demonstrating that simultaneous improvements in yield strength and ductility are achieved: 12 %, 10%, 13%, and 22% increases in yield strength, elongation, reduction-in-area, and impact energy respectively. In addition, TMP appears to overcome detrimental chemical homogeneity impacts on uniform microstructure evolution.

Mackiewicz-Ludtka, G.; Ludtka, G.M.; Ray, P. (Carpenter Technologies, Inc.); Magee, J. (Carpenter Technologies, Inc.)

2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

251

Linking, leveraging and learning: sectoral systems of innovation and technological catch-up in China's commercial aerospace industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Developing countries often have ambitions to become major players in the commercial aerospace industry, but it remains effectively a duopoly dominated by Boeing of the USA and Europe's Airbus. China is no exception and the projects designed to bring this about have taken a number of forms. Adopting the sectoral system of innovation (SSI) as an analytical framework, this paper explores recent changes in the industry. Using China's ARJ21 regional jet programme as a case study, it examines how these changes provide opportunities for latecomer nations to catch-up technologically. It is argued that the new institutional context and the presence of new actors within the SSI, represent an opportunity for latecomer nations like China to acquire the capability to design, develop and manufacture commercial jet airliners, through linking with Western suppliers. However the analysis reveals that as a latecomer nation, China may prove to be a special case, with the opportunities for catch-up by other latecomers much more limited.

David J. Smith; Michael Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Hypersonic aerospace vehicle leading-edge cooling using heat-pipe, transpiration and film-cooling techniques  

SciTech Connect

The feasibility of cooling hypersonic-vehicle leading-edge structures exposed to severe aerodynamic surface heat fluxes was studied, using a combination of liquid-metal heat pipes and surface-mass-transfer cooling techniques. A generalized, transient, finite-difference-based hypersonic leading-edge cooling model was developed that incorporated these effects and was demonstrated on an assumed aerospace plane-type wing leading edge section and a SCRAMJET engine inlet leading-edge section. The hypersonic leading-edge cooling model was developed using an existing, experimentally verified heat-pipe model. Then the existing heat-pipe model was modified by adding both transpiration and film-cooling options as new surface boundary conditions. The models used to predict the leading-edge surface heat-transfer reduction effects of the transpiration and film cooling were modifications of more-generalized, empirically based models obtained from the literature. It is concluded that cooling leading-edge structures exposed to severe hypersonic-flight environments using a combination of liquid-metal heat pipe, surface transpiration, and film cooling methods appears feasible.

Modlin, J.M.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

On the bone response to oxidized titanium implants. The role of microporous structure and chemical composition of the surface oxide in enhanced osseointegration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Background: Titanium implants have been widely used clinically for various types of bone-anchored reconstructions. A thin native oxide film, naturally formed on titanium implants contacts (more)

Sul, Young-Taeg 1960-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Effect of Fe-ion implantation doping on structural and optical properties of CdS thin films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on effects of Fe implantation doping-induced changes in structural, optical, morphological, and vibrational properties of cadmium sulfide thin films. Films were implanted with 90keV Fe+ ions at room te...

S. Chandramohan; A. Kanjilal; S. N. Sarangi; S. Majumder

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Selection criteria for dental implant site imaging: A position paper of the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology (AAOMR) has reviewed the implant imaging literature and issues this position paper for preoperative assessment of the dental implant site. The history of dental implant radiology and basic imaging principles are reviewed. An overview is presented of anatomically salient features in the maxilla and mandible germane to implant imaging, specifically to cross-sectional or transverse imaging for endosseous implants. All current modalities, including intraoral, panoramic, cephalometric, tomographic, and computed tomography, are discussed in light of the imaging data needed to select optimum implant solutions. After reviewing the current literature, the AAOMR recommends that some form of cross-sectional imaging be used for implant cases and that conventional cross-sectional tomography be the method of choice for gaining this information for most patients receiving implants.

American Academy of Oral; Maxillofacial Radiology; Donald A. Tyndall; Sharon L. Brooks

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Corrosion Behavior of Solution-Annealed CoCrMo Medical Implant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

! ! ! Corrosion Behavior of Solution- Annealed CoCrMo Medical Implant Alloys Pooja Panigrahi University June 6, 2011 #12;! ! ""! Corrosion Behavior of Solution-Annealed CoCrMo Medical Implant Alloys and Applied Sciences Northwestern University June 6, 2011 Abstract Corrosion behavior of solution annealed

Shull, Kenneth R.

257

Bored By Non-Glowing Skin? Ultra-Flexible, Waterproof LED Implants Are What You Seek  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bored By Non-Glowing Skin? Ultra-Flexible, Waterproof LED Implants Are What You Seek By Alasdair Wilkins/io9 Posted 10.19.2010 at 12:15 pm LED Lights Could Be Implanted Under Skin Photo courtesy of iO9 LEDs are, on small scales, the cheapest, most reliable, and most technologically powerful light sources

Rogers, John A.

258

Tailoring the Conductivity of Polypyrrole Films Using Low-Energy Platinum Ion Implantation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tailoring the Conductivity of Polypyrrole Films Using Low-Energy Platinum Ion Implantation ... cm2 showing the implanted Pt as a higher contrast dark layer. ... Survey spectra indicate all expected elements for each sample with no Pt contamination in nonimplanted samples, Figure 3 of the Supporting Information. ...

Marsilea Adela Booth; Jrme Leveneur; Alexsandro Santos Costa; John Kennedy; Jadranka Travas-Sejdic

2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

259

Enhanced life ion source for germanium and carbon ion implantation  

SciTech Connect

Germanium and carbon ions represent a significant portion of total ion implantation steps in the process flow. Very often ion source materials that used to produce ions are chemically aggressive, especially at higher temperatures, and result in fast ion source performance degradation and a very limited lifetime [B.S. Freer, et. al., 2002 14th Intl. Conf. on Ion Implantation Technology Proc, IEEE Conf. Proc., p. 420 (2003)]. GeF{sub 4} and CO{sub 2} are commonly used to generate germanium and carbon beams. In the case of GeF{sub 4} controlling the tungsten deposition due to the de-composition of WF{sub 6} (halogen cycle) is critical to ion source life. With CO{sub 2}, the materials oxidation and carbon deposition must be controlled as both will affect cathode thermionic emission and anti-cathode (repeller) efficiencies due to the formation of volatile metal oxides. The improved ion source design Extended Life Source 3 (Eterna ELS3) together with its proprietary co-gas material implementation has demonstrated >300 hours of stable continuous operation when using carbon and germanium ion beams. Optimizing cogas chemistries retard the cathode erosion rate for germanium and carbon minimizes the adverse effects of oxygen when reducing gas is introduced for carbon. The proprietary combination of hardware and co-gas has improved source stability and the results of the hardware and co-gas development are discussed.

Hsieh, Tseh-Jen; Colvin, Neil; Kondratenko, Serguei [Axcelis Technologies, Inc. 108 Cherry Hill Drive, Beverly, MA 01915 (United States)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

260

Simulation of ion beam transport through the 400 Kv ion implanter at Michigan Ion Beam Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The Michigan Ion Beam Laboratory houses a 400 kV ion implanter. An application that simulates the ion beam trajectories through the implanter from the ion source to the target was developed using the SIMION Registered-Sign code. The goals were to have a tool to develop an intuitive understanding of abstract physics phenomena and diagnose ion trajectories. Using this application, new implanter users of different fields in science quickly understand how the machine works and quickly learn to operate it. In this article we describe the implanter simulation application and compare the parameters of the implanter components obtained from the simulations with the measured ones. The overall agreement between the simulated and measured values of magnetic fields and electric potentials is {approx}10%.

Naab, F. U.; Toader, O. F.; Was, G. S. [Department of Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Boulevard, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2104 (United States)

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Numerical investigation into blood clotting at the bone-dental implant interface in the presence of an electrical stimulus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The insertion of a dental implant activates a sequence of wound healing events ending with bone formation and implant osseointegration. This sequence starts with the blood coagulation process and the formation of a fibrin network that detains spilt blood. ... Keywords: Blood clotting, Dental implant, Electrical stimulation, Mathematical model

J. C. Vanegas-Acosta; D. A. Garzn-Alvarado; V. Lancellotti

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

PREPARATION AND IMPLANTATION ALZET OSMOTIC PUMPS (SOP-9) Osmotic pumps manufactured by ALZA Corporation (Palo Alto, CA) are  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PREPARATION AND IMPLANTATION ALZET OSMOTIC PUMPS (SOP-9) Osmotic pumps manufactured by ALZA or weeks. Pumps are implanted SC or IP for systemic delivery. Drugs can be delivered to the central nervous system (ICV or intraparenchymally), by attaching the delivery port of the pump (implanted SC

Kleinfeld, David

263

Study of implantation in HgCdTe by electrolyte electroreflectance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrolyte electroreflectance (EER) and Hall?effect measurements have been performed on liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) layers of Hg1?x Cd x Te as grown with x=0.31 implanted with B ions implanted and annealed and annealed but not implanted. The use of our generalized theory to fit the EER results allowed us to study in detail as a function of depth the roles of implantation and annealing in Hg migration and in the formation of extended two?dimensional defects antisites and inhomogeneous strains. This is the first systematic EER study of the effects of implantation in state?of?the?art LPE materials. In the region affected by implantation our results suggest the diffusion of displaced Hg in the postimplant annealing process is associated with Te antisite formation and with compensating inhomogeneous strains. Moreover this Hg migration generates a region located approximately in the middle of the n?type layer which actually has a wider gap than the bulk. The relaxation of the lattice and the healing of damage promoted by the anneal are accompanied by a Hg redistribution which tends to lessen the disruptive effects of the antisite complexes. This picture of the implantation process is consistent with earlier conclusions.

P. M. Raccah; J. W. Garland; Z. Zhang; D. Yang; L. O. Bubulac; W. E. Tennant

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Copper gettering by aluminum precipitates in aluminum-implanted silicon  

SciTech Connect

Copper in Si is shown to be strongly gettered by Al-rich precipitates formed by implanting Al to supersaturation and followed by annealing. At temperatures ranging from 600 to 800 C a layer containing Al precipitates is found to getter Cu from Cu silicide located on the opposite side of a 0.25-mm Si wafer, indicating a substantially lower chemical potential for the Cu in the molten-A1 phase. Cu gettering proceeds rapidly until an atomic ratio of approximately 2 Cu atoms to 1 Al atom is reached in the precipitated Al region, after which the gettering process slows. Redistribution of Cu from one Al-rich layer to another at low Cu concentrations demonstrates that a segregation-type gettering mechanism is operating. Cu gettering occurs primarily in the region containing the precipitated Al rather than the region where the Al is entirely substitutional.

PETERSEN,GARY A.; MYERS JR.,SAMUEL M.

2000-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

265

Versatile, high-sensitivity faraday cup array for ion implanters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved Faraday cup array for determining the dose of ions delivered to a substrate during ion implantation and for monitoring the uniformity of the dose delivered to the substrate. The improved Faraday cup array incorporates a variable size ion beam aperture by changing only an insertable plate that defines the aperture without changing the position of the Faraday cups which are positioned for the operation of the largest ion beam aperture. The design enables the dose sensitivity range, typically 10.sup.11 -10.sup.18 ions/cm.sup.2 to be extended to below 10.sup.6 ions/cm.sup.2. The insertable plate/aperture arrangement is structurally simple and enables scaling to aperture areas between <1 cm.sup.2 and >750 cm.sup.2, and enables ultra-high vacuum (UHV) applications by incorporation of UHV-compatible materials.

Musket, Ronald G. (Danville, CA); Patterson, Robert G. (Dublin, CA)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Molecular Ion Beam Transportation for Low Energy Ion Implantation  

SciTech Connect

A joint research and development of steady state intense boron ion sources for 100's of electron-volt ion implanters has been in progress for the past five years. Current density limitation associated with extracting and transporting low energy ion beams result in lower beam currents that in turn adversely affects the process throughput. The transport channel with electrostatic lenses for decaborane (B{sub 10}H{sub 14}) and carborane (C{sub 2}B{sub 10}H{sub 12}) ion beams transportation was developed and investigated. The significant increase of ion beam intensity at the beam transport channel output is demonstrated. The transport channel simulation, construction and experimental results of ion beam transportation are presented.

Kulevoy, T. V.; Kropachev, G. N.; Seleznev, D. N.; Yakushin, P. E.; Kuibeda, R. P.; Kozlov, A. V.; Koshelev, V. A. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow, 117218 (Russian Federation); Hershcovitch, A.; Johnson, B. M. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); Gushenets, V. I.; Oks, E. M. [High Current Electronics Institute Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, 634055 (Russian Federation); Polozov, S. M. [Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Kashirskoe sh. 31, Moscow, 115409 (Russian Federation); Poole, H. J. [PVI, Oxnard, California 93031-5023 (United States)

2011-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

267

Characterization of few-layered graphene grown by carbon implantation  

SciTech Connect

Graphene is considered to be a very promising material for applications in nanotechnology. The properties of graphene are strongly dependent on defects that occur during growth and processing. These defects can be either detrimental or beneficial to device performance depending on defect type, location and device application. Here we present experimental results on formation of few-layered graphene by carbon ion implantation into nickel films and characteristics of graphene devices formed by graphene transfer and lithographic patterning. Micro-Raman spectroscopy was used to determine the number of graphene layers formed and identify defects arising from the device processing. The graphene films were cleaned by annealing in vacuum. Transport properties of cleaned graphene films were investigated by fabrication of back-gated field-effect transistors, which exhibited high hole and electron mobility of 1935 and 1905 cm2/Vs, respectively.

Lee, Kin Kiong; McCallum, Jeffrey C.; Jamieson, David N. [Centre for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology, School of Physics, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010 (Australia)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

268

Cryogenic ion implantation near amorphization threshold dose for halo/extension junction improvement in sub-30 nm device technologies  

SciTech Connect

We report on junction advantages of cryogenic ion implantation with medium current implanters. We propose a methodical approach on maximizing cryogenic effects on junction characteristics near the amorphization threshold doses that are typically used for halo implants for sub-30 nm technologies. BF{sub 2}{sup +} implant at a dose of 8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 13}cm{sup -2} does not amorphize silicon at room temperature. When implanted at -100 Degree-Sign C, it forms a 30 - 35 nm thick amorphous layer. The cryogenic BF{sub 2}{sup +} implant significantly reduces the depth of the boron distribution, both as-implanted and after anneals, which improves short channel rolloff characteristics. It also creates a shallower n{sup +}-p junction by steepening profiles of arsenic that is subsequently implanted in the surface region. We demonstrate effects of implant sequences, germanium preamorphization, indium and carbon co-implants for extension/halo process integration. When applied to sequences such as Ge+As+C+In+BF{sub 2}{sup +}, the cryogenic implants at -100 Degree-Sign C enable removal of Ge preamorphization, and form more active n{sup +}-p junctions and steeper B and In halo profiles than sequences at room temperature.

Park, Hugh; Todorov, Stan; Colombeau, Benjamin; Rodier, Dennis; Kouzminov, Dimitry; Zou Wei; Guo Baonian; Khasgiwale, Niranjan; Decker-Lucke, Kurt [Applied Materials, Varian Semiconductor Equipment, 35 Dory Road, Gloucester, Massachusetts 01930 (United States)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

269

Method of making an ion-implanted planar-buried-heterostructure diode laser  

SciTech Connect

Planar-buried-heterostructure, graded-index, separate-confinement-heterostructure semiconductor diode laser 10 includes a single quantum well or multi-quantum well active stripe 12 disposed between a p-type compositionally graded Group III-V cladding lever 14 and an n-type compositionally graded Group III-V cladding layer 16. The laser 10 includes an iion implanted n-type region 28 within the p-type cladding layer 14 and further includes an ion implanted p-type region 26 within the n-type cladding layer 16. The ion implanted regions are disposed for defining a lateral extent of the active stripe.

Brennan, Thomas M. (Albuquerque, NM); Hammons, Burrell E. (Tijeras, NM); Myers, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Vawter, Gregory A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Beryllium-7 Implantation in Plastics for Prosthesis Wear Studies | U.S. DOE  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Beryllium-7 Implantation in Plastics Beryllium-7 Implantation in Plastics for Prosthesis Wear Studies Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Spinoff Applications Spinoff Archives SBIR/STTR Applications of Nuclear Science and Technology Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: sc.np@science.doe.gov More Information » Spinoff Archives Beryllium-7 Implantation in Plastics for Prosthesis Wear Studies Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Application/instrumentation: 7Be Implantation in Plastics for Prosthesis Wear Studies Developed at: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF)

271

Online system for temperature and accumulated dose control in plasma-based ion implantation  

SciTech Connect

Surface treatment optimization requires the control of the ion dose and the workpiece temperature, two parameters that are not trivially measurable in plasma-based ion implantation. A temperature and ion fluence monitoring system has been developed and implemented in a plasma-based ion implanter. It is based on the measurement with a thermopile of the radiation emitted from the back face of a thin copper disk inserted in the stainless steel sample holder. Since the incident ions carry practically all the incident power, the measurement of the Cu disk temperature that increases during implantation can provide an evaluation of the ion fluence in real time. A model has been developed for the deconvolution of the temperature data and has been fitted to the temperature behavior during implantation. A good agreement between the total integrated doses, evaluated with Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy characterization, and the ion fluence calculated by means of this model has been obtained with a discrepancy less than 16%.

Roy, F.; Abel, G.; Terreault, B.; Reguer, A.; Meunier, J.-L.; Bolduc, M.; Ross, G. G. [INRS-Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, Universite du Quebec, 1650 Boulevard Lionel-Boulet, Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2 (Canada); Department of Chemical Engineering, McGill University, 3610 University Street, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B2 (Canada); INRS-Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, Universite du Quebec, 1650 Boulevard Lionel-Boulet, Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2 (Canada)

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

Implantable cardioverter defibrillator and 50-Hz electric and magnetic fields exposure in the workplace  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The measurements are then taken again in the workers presence, in the order of increasing exposure. For this second stage, the implant wearer is also equipped with a magnetic field recorder (EMDEX II, Enertech-U...

M. Souques; I. Magne; J. Lambrozo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Mineral status, bone characterisitics, carcass characteristics, and performance of feedlot lambs implanted with zeranol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

d intervals post implanting, pens were thoroughly cleaned and excreta allowed to accumulate for 2 d. Excreta was collected and analyzed for P and N content. Lambs were slaughtered on d 67 and carcass characteristics were determined. Phosphorus...

Niemann, Dawn Renee

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Resonance Raman spectroscopy in Si and C ion-implanted double-wall carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of 170 keV Si and 100 keV C ion bombardment on the structure and properties of highly pure, double-wall carbon nanotubes has been investigated using resonance Raman spectroscopy. The implantations were performed ...

Dresselhaus, Mildred

275

Effects of sequential tungsten and helium ion implantation on nano-indentation hardness of tungsten  

SciTech Connect

To simulate neutron and helium damage in a fusion reactor first wall sequential self-ion implantation up to 13 dpa followed by helium-ion implantation up to 3000 appm was performed to produce damaged layers of {approx}2 {mu}m depth in pure tungsten. The hardness of these layers was measured using nanoindentation and was studied using transmission electron microscopy. Substantial hardness increases were seen in helium implanted regions, with smaller hardness increases in regions which had already been self-ion implanted, thus, containing pre-existing dislocation loops. This suggests that, for the same helium content, helium trapped in distributed vacancies gives stronger hardening than helium trapped in vacancies condensed into dislocation loops.

Armstrong, D. E. J.; Edmondson, P. D.; Roberts, S. G. [Department of Materials, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PH (United Kingdom)] [Department of Materials, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PH (United Kingdom)

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

276

The fabrication of high quality silicon junction detectors by low energy ion implantation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High quality silicon junction detectors have been made by implantation of boron and phosphorus ions into silicon wafers. Resolutions of 20 keV for Po ?-particles were obtained.

S. Kalbitzer; R. Bader; H. Herzer; K. Bethge

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Mechanical characterization and in vivo operation of an implantable drug delivery MEMS device  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this thesis was to advance an implantable drug delivery MEMS (MicroElectroMechanical Systems) device developed in our laboratory. This device was designed to locally deliver multiple substances in complex release ...

Li, Yawen, 1972-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Proteomic comparison of biomaterial implants for regeneration of peripheral nerve tissue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tissue regenerates resulting from the healing of transected peripheral nerve differ in morphological and electrophysiological properties based on the biomaterial implant used to bridge the interneural wound gap. At gap ...

Miu, Kathy K

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Defect engineering in implantation technology of silicon light-emitting structures with dislocation-related luminescence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results obtained in development of physical foundations of ion implantation technology for fabrication of silicon light- ... . The development of the concept of defect engineering in the technology of semiconduct...

N. A. Sobolev

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Risk Factors Predictive of Right Ventricular Failure After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Right ventricular failure (RVF) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation appears to be associated with increased mortality. However, the determination of which patients are at greater risk of developing postoperative RVF remains controversial and relatively unknown. We sought to determine the preoperative risk factors for the development of RVF after LVAD implantation. The data were obtained for 175 consecutive patients who had received an LVAD. RVF was defined by the need for inhaled nitric oxide for ?48 hours or intravenous inotropes for >14 days and/or right ventricular assist device implantation. An RVF risk score was developed from the ? coefficients of the independent variables from a multivariate logistic regression model predicting RVF. Destination therapy (DT) was identified as the indication for LVAD implantation in 42% of our patients. RVF after LVAD occurred in 44% of patients (n = 77). The mortality rates for patients with RVF were significantly greater at 30, 180, and 365 days after implantation compared to patients with no RVF. By multivariate logistic regression analysis, 3 preoperative factors were significantly associated with RVF after LVAD implantation: (1) a preoperative need for intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation, (2) increased pulmonary vascular resistance, and (3) DT. The developed RVF risk score effectively stratified the risk of RV failure and death after LVAD implantation. In conclusion, given the progressively growing need for DT, the developed RVF risk score, derived from a population with a large percentage of DT patients, might lead to improved patient selection and help stratify patients who could potentially benefit from early right ventricular assist device implantation.

Stavros G. Drakos; Lindsay Janicki; Benjamin D. Horne; Abdallah G. Kfoury; Bruce B. Reid; Stephen Clayson; Kenneth Horton; Francois Haddad; Dean Y. Li; Dale G. Renlund; Patrick W. Fisher

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Development and evaluation of an implantable chronic DC stimulation and measurement probe for nerve regeneration studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF AN IMPLANTABLE CHRONIC DC STIMULATION AND MEASUREMENT PROBE FOR NERVE REGENERATION STUDIES A Thesis by DOUGLAS BRYAN MACHA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1995 Major Subject: Bioengineering DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF AN IMPLANTABLE CHRONIC DC STIMULATION AND MEASUREMENT PROBE FOR NERVE REGENERATION STUDIES A Thesis by DOUGLAS...

Macha, Douglas Bryan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

282

Rare earth focused ion beam implantation utilizing Er and Pr liquid alloy ion sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pr,10,11 Eu,12 Dy,13 Er,13­15 and Tm16 doped GaN. Rare earth elements were added during growthRare earth focused ion beam implantation utilizing Er and Pr liquid alloy ion sources L. C. Chao, B write implantation. © 1999 American Vacuum Society. S0734-211X 99 08306-7 I. INTRODUCTION Rare earth

Steckl, Andrew J.

283

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION 1  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

1 1 e 20030 Century Blvd., Germantown, Maryland 20767, Telephone: (301) 428-2700 7963-02.81.aw.05 20 January 1981 Dr. William E. Mott, Director Environmental & Safety Engineering Division U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20767 Dear Dr. Mott: INVESTIGATIONS OF RECORDS ON THE FORMER VULCAN CRUCIBLE SITE, ALIQUIPPA, PA. AND THE NATIONAL GUARD ARMORY, CHICAGO, IL In your comments of 12 January 1981, regarding the Argonne survey report for Vulcan Crucible Steel Co., Argonne was directed to discuss the size of the rods and the source of the billets rolled by Vulcan along with other historical data. This information was obtained from recent records searches, the following data is submitted for Argonne's use: During the period that Vulcan Crucible Tool and Steel Company,

284

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION ,'  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

,' ,' 20030 Century Blvd., Germantown, Maryland 20767, Telephone: (301) 428-2700 7848-02.80.aw.35 11 August 1980 Dr. William E. Mott Acting Director Environmental § Safety Engineering Division U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, MD 20767 Dear Dr. Mott: RESTRICTIONS ON THE LEWISTON LAND FORMERLY OWNED BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT Enclosed please find copies of the restrictions placed on properties that were formerly part of the Atomic Energy Commission portion of the Lake Ontario ordnance works. The restrictions, in the form of Orders, were based on the Atomic Energy Commission surveys and were issued on April 27, 1972 by the New York State Commissioner of Health for: 1. Certain property of the town of Lewiston, Niagara County 2. Certain property of Monroe W. Frank, located in the town of

285

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the study of phonon transport and thermal conductivity in nanostructured materials. In the second part conductivity. Coupled with its low thermal conductivity, polymer thermoelectric composites are attractive the measurement and understanding on the low thermal conductivity of an N-type flexible hybrid TiS2-organic

Reisslein, Martin

286

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to regulate appropriate process variables at desired values. While this paradigm to process control has been to compute optimal manipulated input trajectories and cooperate in an efficient fashion to achieve desired in 1992, from the University of Patras, Greece, the M.S. degrees in Electrical Engineering and Mathematics

287

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

manufacturing and utility industries. He is also a board member of the California Solar Collaborative and other Integration Specialist in the Smart Grid Technologies and Strategy Division of the California Independent System Operator (California ISO). He has been with the grid operator of the world's 8th largest economy

288

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consist of discrete tungsten-oxide nanoparticles distributed uniformly throughout the bulk of an optically, tungsten- oxide, polymer matrix nanocomposites. Under specific processing conditions, these composites transparent fluoropolymer matrix. Incorporating oxygen as a supplementary deposition agent in the synthesis

Reisslein, Martin

289

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, terahertz photonics, and plasmon-enhanced optoelectronic devices. He received a B.S. and M.S. degree

290

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as a member of expert panels reviewing the health impacts of wind turbines. seminar Predicting Turbofan Fan down, the fan stage becomes the main engine noise source. The noise exists mainly due to the interaction of the fan rotor wake with the fan exit guide vanes (FEGVs). Both tonal and broadband noise

291

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, battery storage, a microgrid, several large thermal storage devices and residential HVAC. It is shown that of heterogeneous materials, using both experimental techniques (nuclear magnetic resonance, particle image of energy systems, beginning with a project to refurbish and modernize the solar-assisted HVAC in the UNM

292

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

1985 Mr. Arthur Whitman Division of Remedial Action Projects, NE-24 U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 bee: A. Wallo F. Hoch (wo) F. Newman (wo) R. Johnson...

293

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, CFD, and engineering to provide design support and R&D for major capital projects such as offshore field development, detailed design of production facilities, and LNG plant engineering. seminar

294

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a flammable mixture. To this end, a fundamental understanding of the ignition phenomenon is necessary in order to develop more accurate test methods and standards as a means of designing safer air vehicles. The focus the NSF Career Award in 2011 and the DOE Early Career Award in 2011. His research is funded by DOE, NSF

295

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of thermal and hydro-dynamic features during phase change (boiling, condensation) causes spatio-temporal fluctuations of surface temperature at the micro/nano-scales, which are termed as "cold-spots" and can transmit nanoparticles behaved as nanofins (enhanced surface area) that dominate heat transfer for micro/nanoscale flows

296

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the waste heat, presenting efficiency loss. We discuss in-situ (at/adjacent to the emission site) recycling of optical phonons to improve thermal management (lowering operating temperature and/or reducing net heat, since 1986. His interest is in heat transfer education and research. He has authored Heat Transfer

297

Surface engineering of a Zr-based bulk metallic glass with low energy Ar- or Ca-ion implantation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the present study, low energy ion implantation was employed to engineer the surface of a Zr-based bulk metallic glass (BMG), aiming at improving the biocompatibility and imparting bioactivity to the surface. Ca- or Ar-ions were implanted at 10 or 50keV at a fluence of 8נ1015ions/cm2 to (Zr0.55Al0.10Ni0.05Cu0.30)99Y1 (at.%) BMG. The effects of ion implantation on material properties and subsequent cellular responses were investigated. Both Ar- and Ca-ion implantations were suggested to induce atom displacements on the surfaces according to the Monte-Carlo simulation. The change of atomic environment of Zr in the surface regions as implied by the alteration in X-ray absorption measurements at Zr K-edge. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that the ion implantation process has modified the surface chemical compositions and indicated the presence of Ca after Ca-ion implantation. The surface nanohardness has been enhanced by implantation of either ion species, with Ca-ion implantation showing more prominent effect. The BMG surfaces were altered to be more hydrophobic after ion implantation, which can be attributed to the reduced amount of hydroxyl groups on the implanted surfaces. Higher numbers of adherent cells were found on Ar- and Ca-ion implanted samples, while more pronounced cell adhesion was observed on Ca-ion implanted substrates. The low energy ion implantation resulted in concurrent modifications in atomic structure, nanohardness, surface chemistry, hydrophobicity, and cell behavior on the surface of the Zr-based BMG, which were proposed to be mutually correlated with each other.

Lu Huang; Chao Zhu; Claudiu I. Muntele; Tao Zhang; Peter K. Liaw; Wei He

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Electrical and optical properties of ZnO films sequentially implanted with P ions  

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ZnO thin films deposited on fused silica glass substrates were sequentially implanted with P ions in terms of different energy/fluence combinations, i.e. 150 keV/1.5 ? 1015 ions cm?2, 80 keV/5.5 ? 1014 ions cm?2 and 35 keV/2.5 ? 1014 ions cm?2, or were singly implanted with 150 keV P ions at a fluence of 1.5 ? 1015 ions cm?2. X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence, Hall effect and electrical resistivity measurements were performed to characterize the properties of the films. The results show that both the unimplanted and single-P-ion-implanted films exhibit semi-insulating properties, while the sequentially implanted film shows p-type conductivity with a low carrier concentration. After annealing at 500 C, hole concentration increases distinctly in the sequentially implanted film, and the other films show n-type conductivity. Further increasing annealing temperature to 700 C, all the films show large resistance. Moreover, structures and optical properties of these films have also been systematically investigated. It seems that P substitutes O (PO) and/or zinc vacancies (VZn) play an important role for p-type conductivity in sequentially implanted films.

Y H Xue; X D Zhang; Y Y Shen; D C Zhang; F Zhu; L H Zhang; C L Liu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Operations manual for the plasma source ion implantation economics program  

SciTech Connect

Plasma Source Ion Implantation (PSII) is a surface modification technique for metal. PSIICOSTMODEL95 is an EXCEL-based program that estimates the cost for implementing a PSII system in a manufacturing setting where the number of parts to be processed is over 5,000 parts per day and the shape of each part does not change from day to day. Overall, the manufacturing process must be very well defined and should not change. This document is a self-contained manual for PSIICOSTMODEL95. It assumes the reader has some general knowledge of the technical requirements for PSII. Configuration of the PSII process versus design is used as the methodology in PSIICOSTMODEL95. The reason behind this is twofold. First, the design process cannot be programmed into a computer when the relationships between design variables are not understood. Second, the configuration methodology reduces the number of assumptions that must be programmed into our software. Misuse of results are less likely to occur if the user has fewer assumptions to understand.

Bibeault, M.L.; Thayer, G.R.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Bilateral implant reconstruction does not affect the quality of postmastectomy radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect

To determine if the presence of bilateral implants, in addition to other anatomic and treatment-related variables, affects coverage of the target volume and dose to the heart and lung in patients receiving postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT). A total of 197 consecutive women with breast cancer underwent mastectomy and immediate tissue expander (TE) placement, with or without exchange for a permanent implant (PI) before radiation therapy at our center. PMRT was delivered with 2 tangential beams + supraclavicular lymph node field (50 Gy). Patients were grouped by implant number: 51% unilateral (100) and 49% bilateral (97). The planning target volume (PTV) (defined as implant + chest wall + nodes), heart, and ipsilateral lung were contoured and the following parameters were abstracted from dose-volume histogram (DVH) data: PTV D{sub 95%} > 98%, Lung V{sub 20}Gy > 30%, and Heart V{sub 25}Gy > 5%. Univariate (UVA) and multivariate analyses (MVA) were performed to determine the association of variables with these parameters. The 2 groups were well balanced for implant type and volume, internal mammary node (IMN) treatment, and laterality. In the entire cohort, 90% had PTV D{sub 95%} > 98%, indicating excellent coverage of the chest wall. Of the patients, 27% had high lung doses (V{sub 20}Gy > 30%) and 16% had high heart doses (V{sub 25}Gy > 5%). No significant factors were associated with suboptimal PTV coverage. On MVA, IMN treatment was found to be highly associated with high lung and heart doses (both p < 0.0001), but implant number was not (p = 0.54). In patients with bilateral implants, IMN treatment was the only predictor of dose to the contralateral implant (p = 0.001). In conclusion, bilateral implants do not compromise coverage of the target volume or increase lung and heart dose in patients receiving PMRT. The most important predictor of high lung and heart doses in patients with implant-based reconstruction, whether unilateral or bilateral, is treatment of the IMNs. Refinement of radiation techniques in reconstructed patients who require comprehensive nodal irradiation is warranted.

Ho, Alice Y., E-mail: hoa1234@mskcc.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Patel, Nisha [Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Ohri, Nisha [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY (United States); Morrow, Monica [Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Mehrara, Babak J.; Disa, Joseph J.; Cordeiro, Peter G. [Department of Plastic Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Shi, Weiji; Zhang, Zhigang [Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Gelblum, Daphna [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Nerbun, Claire T.; Woch, Katherine M.; Ballangrud, Ase [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); McCormick, Beryl; Powell, Simon N. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

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301

Influence of titanium ions implantation on corrosion behavior of zircaloy-2 in 1M H2SO4  

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In order to study the effect of titanium ion implantation on the aqueous corrosion behavior, samples of zircaloy-2 were implanted with titanium ions with fluences ranging from 1נ1016 to 1נ1017 ions/cm2, using a metal vapor vacuum arc source (MEVVA) operated at an extraction voltage of 40kV. The valence states and depth distributions of elements in the surface layer of the samples were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and auger electron spectroscopy (AES), respectively. Three-sweep potentiodynamic polarization technique was employed to evaluate the aqueous corrosion resistance of implanted zircaloy-2 in a 1M H2SO4 solution. It was found that a significant improvement was achieved in the aqueous corrosion resistance of the titanium implanted zircaloy-2. The larger the fluence, the better is the corrosion resistance of implanted sample. Finally, the mechanism of the corrosion behavior of titanium-implanted zircaloy-2 was discussed.

D.Q. Peng; X.D. Bai; F. Pan; H. Sun

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Effects of temperature dependent pre-amorphization implantation on NiPt silicide formation and thermal stability on Si(100)  

SciTech Connect

Using temperature controlled Si and C ion implantation, we studied the effects of pre-amorphization implantation on NiPt alloy silicide phase formation. In situ synchrotron x-ray diffraction and resistance measurements were used to monitor phase and morphology evolution in silicide films. Results show that substrate amorphization strongly modulate the nucleation of silicide phases, regardless of implant species. However, morphological stability of the thin films is mainly enhanced by C addition, independently of the amorphization depth.

Ozcan, Ahmet S.; Wall, Donald [IBM Semiconductor Research and Development Center, 2070 Route 52, Hopewell Junction, New York 12533 (United States)] [IBM Semiconductor Research and Development Center, 2070 Route 52, Hopewell Junction, New York 12533 (United States); Jordan-Sweet, Jean; Lavoie, Christian [IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, 1101 Kitchawan Road, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 (United States)] [IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, 1101 Kitchawan Road, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 (United States)

2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

303

The hydrogen value chain: applying the automotive role model of the hydrogen economy in the aerospace sector to increase performance and reduce costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen will assume a key role in Europe's effort to adopt its energy dependent society to satisfy its needs without releasing vast amounts of greenhouse gases. The paradigm shift is so paramount that one speaks of the Hydrogen Economy, as the energy in this new and ecological type of economy is to be distributed by hydrogen. However, H2 is not a primary energy source but rather an energy carrier, a means of storing, transporting and distributing energy, which has to be generated by other means. Various H2 storage methods are possible; however industries' favourite is the storage of gaseous hydrogen in high pressure tanks. The biggest promoter of this storage methodology is the automotive industry, which is currently preparing for the generation change from the fossil fuel internal combustion engines to hydrogen based fuel cells. The current roadmaps foresee a market roll-out by 2015, when the hydrogen supply infrastructure is expected to have reached a critical mass. The hydrogen economy is about to take off as being demonstrated by various national mobility strategies, which foresee several millions of electric cars driving on the road in 2020. Fuel cell cars are only one type of electric car, battery electric as well as hybrid cars all featuring electric drive trains are the others. Which type of technology is chosen for a specific application depends primarily on the involved energy storage and power requirements. These considerations are very similar to the ones in the aerospace sector, which had introduced the fuel cell already in the 1960s. The automotive sector followed only recently, but has succeeded in moving forward the technology to a level, where the aerospace sector is starting considering to spin-in terrestrial hydrogen technologies into its technology portfolio. Target areas are again high power/high energy applications like aviation, manned spaceflight and exploration missions, as well as future generation high power telecommunication satellites. Similar trends can be expected in the future for RADAR Earth Observation satellites and space infrastructure concepts of great scale. This paper examines current activities along the hydrogen value chain, both in the terrestrial and the aerospace sector. A general assessment of the synergy potential is complemented by a thorough analysis of specific applications serving as role models like a lunar manned base or pressurised rover, an aircraft APU or a high power telecommunications satellite. Potential performance improvements and cost savings serve as key performance indicators in these comparisons and trade-offs.

Norbert Frischauf; Beatriz Acosta-Iborra; Frederik Harskamp; Pietro Moretto; Thomas Malkow; Michel Honselaar; Marc Steen; Scott Hovland; Bernhard Hufenbach; Max Schautz; Manfred Wittig; Alexander Soucek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Finite Element Modeling of the Fastening Systems and the Concrete  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sleeper and Ballast 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0004 0.0006 0.0008 0 of strands Rail seat area is between 0.39 m to 0.67 m Rail Seat Area Component Modeling: Concrete Sleeper Seat Area Position of concrete surface strain lt = 0.48 m Component Modeling: Concrete Sleeper

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

305

Dose reduction in LDR brachytherapy by implanted prostate gold fiducial markers  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The dosimetric impact of gold fiducial markers (FM) implanted prior to external beam radiotherapy of prostate cancer on low dose rate (LDR) brachytherapy seed implants performed in the context of combined therapy was investigated. Methods: A virtual water phantom was designed containing a single FM. Single and multi source scenarios were investigated by performing Monte Carlo dose calculations, along with the influence of varying orientation and distance of the FM with respect to the sources. Three prostate cancer patients treated with LDR brachytherapy for a recurrence following external beam radiotherapy with implanted FM were studied as surrogate cases to combined therapy. FM and brachytherapy seeds were identified on post implant CT scans and Monte Carlo dose calculations were performed with and without FM. The dosimetric impact of the FM was evaluated by quantifying the amplitude of dose shadows and the volume of cold spots. D{sub 90} was reported based on the post implant CT prostate contour. Results: Large shadows are observed in the single source-FM scenarios. As expected from geometric considerations, the shadows are dependent on source-FM distance and orientation. Large dose reductions are observed at the distal side of FM, while at the proximal side a dose enhancement is observed. In multisource scenarios, the importance of shadows appears mitigated, although FM at the periphery of the seed distribution caused underdosage (implant dose distributions. Therefore, reduced tumor control could be expected from FM implanted in tumors, although our results are too limited to draw conclusions regarding clinical significance.

Landry, Guillaume; Reniers, Brigitte; Lutgens, Ludy; Murrer, Lars; Afsharpour, Hossein; Haas-Kock, Danielle de; Visser, Peter; Gils, Francis van; Verhaegen, Frank [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW-School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht (Netherlands); Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie, Universite Laval, CHUQ Pavillon L'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW-School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht (Netherlands); Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW-School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht (Netherlands) and Department of Oncology, McGill University, Montreal (Canada)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

306

Physics based analytical modelling of Gallium Nitride(GaN) MESFET considering different ion implantation energy with high temperature annealing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A physics based analytical model of ion implanted GaN MESFET has been presented considering high temperature annealing effects. Choosing appropriate activation energy of impurity atoms, (more)

Raghavan, Vinay

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Investigation of (110)Mo, (110)W monocrystals and Nb polycrystal implanted by oxygen ions and used as TEC electrodes  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to improve efficiency of a thermionic energy converter (TEC), converting thermal power into electric power, there were investigated collectors made of (110)Mo and (110)W monocrystals, and Nb polycrystal, all being implanted by oxygen ions with fluence of 1*10{sup 18} cm{sup {minus}2}. For emitters there were used (110)Mo and (110)W monocrystals, and Nb polycrystal implanted by oxygen ions, respectively. The performance of TEC with implanted electrode material is compared with this of TEC having electrodes of non-implanted materials. It is demonstrated that for emitter temperature range of 1,473 to 1,873 K employment of (110)Mo and (110)W monocrystals, implanted by oxygen ions, for TEC collector allows to increase the specific output power of a converter approximately by a factor of 1.6, and employment of implanted Nb for electrodes -- to increase this value approximately by a factor of 3, as compared with non-implanted electrode materials. The upgraded performance of TEC with implanted electrode materials is caused by the increase of minimum values of the collector working function by {approximately}0.15--0.2 eV as compared with non-implanted collectors, as well as by improvement of emitter emissive and adsorption properties due to oxygen supply from collectors at operating temperatures.

Tsakadze, L.M.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

308

Peculiarities and application perspectives of metal-ion implants in glasses  

SciTech Connect

Ion implantation in insulators causes modifications in the refractive-index as a result of radiation damage, phase separation, or compound formation. As a consequence, light waveguides may be formed with interesting applications in the field of optoelectronics. Recently implantation of metals ions (e.g. silver, copper, gold, lead,...) showed the possibility of small radii colloidal particles formation, in a thin surface layer of the glass substrate. These particles exhibit an electron plasmon resonance which depends on the optical constants of the implanted metal and on the refractive-index of the glass host. The non-linear optical properties of such colloids, in particular the enhancement of optical Kerr susceptibility, suggest that the, ion implantation technique may play an important role for the production of all-optical switching devices. In this paper an analysis of the state-of-the-art of the research in this field will be presented in the framework of ion implantation in glass physics and chemistry.

Mazzoldi, P.; Gonella, F. [Padua Univ. (Italy). Dipt. di Fisica; Arnold, G.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Battaglin, G. [Venice Univ. (Italy). Dipt. di Chimica Fisica; Bertoncello, R. [Padua Univ. (Italy). Dipt. di Chimica Inorganica, Metallorganica e Analitica

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

309

Physiological Stress Responses to Prolonged Exposure to MS-222 and Surgical Implantation in Juvenile Chinook Salmon  

SciTech Connect

While many studies have investigated the effects of transmitters on fish condition, behavior, and survival, to our knowledge, no studies have taken into account anesthetic exposure time in addition to tag and surgery effects. We investigated stress responses to prolonged MS-222 exposure after stage 4 induction in surgically implanted juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Survival, tag loss, plasma cortisol concentration, and blood [Na+], [K+], [Ca2+], and pH were measured immediately following anesthetic exposure and surgical implantation and 1, 7, and 14 days post-treatment. Despite the prolonged anesthetic exposure, 3-15 minutes post Stage 4 induction, there were no mortalities or tag loss in any treatment. MS-222 was effective at delaying immediate cortisol release during surgical implantation; however, osmotic disturbances resulted, which were more pronounced in longer anesthetic time exposures. From day 1 to day 14, [Na+], [Ca2+], and pH significantly decreased, while cortisol significantly increased. The cortisol increase was exacerbated by surgical implantation. There was a significant interaction between MS-222 time exposure and observation day for [Na+], [Ca2+], [K+], and pH; variations were seen in the longer time exposures, although not consistently. In conclusion, stress response patterns suggest stress associated with surgical implantation is amplified with increased exposure to MS-222.

Wagner, Katie A.; Woodley, Christa M.; Seaburg, Adam; Skalski, John R.; Eppard, Matthew B.

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

310

Ion Sources for High Energy Ion Implantation at BNL | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Ion Sources for High Energy Ion Ion Sources for High Energy Ion Implantation at BNL Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Spinoff Applications Spinoff Archives SBIR/STTR Applications of Nuclear Science and Technology Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: sc.np@science.doe.gov More Information » Spinoff Archives Ion Sources for High Energy Ion Implantation at BNL Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Application/instrumentation: Ion Sources for High Energy Ion Implantation Developed at: Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York; High Current Electronic

311

Simultaneous Sterilization With Surface Modification Of Plastic Bottle By Plasma?Based Ion Implantation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dry sterilization of polymeric material is developed. The technique utilizes the plasma?based ion implantation which is same as for surface modification of polymers. Experimental data for sterilization are obtained by using spores of Bacillus subtilis as samples. On the other hand we previously showed that the surface modification enhanced the gas barrier characteristics of plastic bottles. Comparing the implantation conditions for the sterilization experiment with those for the surface modification we find that both sterilization and surface modification are simultaneously performed in a certain range of implantation conditions. This implies that the present bottling system for plastic vessels will be simplified and streamlined by excluding the toxic peroxide water that has been used in the traditional sterilization processes.

N. Sakudo; N. Ikenaga

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Spectroscopy and capacitance measurements of tunneling resonances in an Sb-implanted point contact.  

SciTech Connect

We fabricated a split-gate defined point contact in a double gate enhancement mode Si-MOS device, and implanted Sb donor atoms using a self-aligned process. E-beam lithography in combination with a timed implant gives us excellent control over the placement of dopant atoms, and acts as a stepping stone to focused ion beam implantation of single donors. Our approach allows us considerable latitude in experimental design in-situ. We have identified two resonance conditions in the point contact conductance as a function of split gate voltage. Using tunneling spectroscopy, we probed their electronic structure as a function of temperature and magnetic field. We also determine the capacitive coupling between the resonant feature and several gates. Comparison between experimental values and extensive quasi-classical simulations constrain the location and energy of the resonant level. We discuss our results and how they may apply to resonant tunneling through a single donor.

Wendt, Joel Robert; Rahman, Rajib; Ten Eyck, Gregory A.; Eng, Kevin; Carroll, Malcolm S.; Young, Ralph Watson; Lilly, Michael Patrick; Stalford, Harold Lenn; Bishop, Nathaniel; Bielejec, Edward Salvador

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Thermal annealing characteristics of Si and Mg-implanted GaN thin films  

SciTech Connect

In this letter, we report the results of ion implantation of GaN using {sup 28}Si and {sup 24}Mg species. Structural and electrical characterizations of the GaN thin films after thermal annealing show that native defects in the GaN films dominate over implant doping effects. The formation energies of the annealing induced defects are estimated to range from 1.4 to 3.6 eV. A 40 keV 10{sup 14} cm{sup {minus}2} Mg implant results in the decrease of the free-carrier concentration by three orders of magnitude compared to unimplanted GaN up to an annealing temperature of 690{degree}C. Furthermore, we have observed the correlation between these annealing-induced defects to both improved optical and electrical properties. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Chan, J.S.; Cheung, N.W. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Schloss, L.; Jones, E.; Wong, W.S.; Newman, N.; Liu, X.; Weber, E.R. [Department of Material Science and Mineral Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 64720 (United States)] [Department of Material Science and Mineral Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 64720 (United States); Gassman, A.; Rubin, M.D. [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, University of California, Berkeley, California 64720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, University of California, Berkeley, California 64720 (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Effect of exposure environment on surface decomposition of SiCsilver ion implantation diffusion couples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract SiC is a promising material for nuclear applications and is a critical component in the construction of tristructural isotropic (TRISO) fuel. A primary issue with TRISO fuel operation is the observed release of 110mAg from intact fuel particles. The release of Ag has prompted research efforts to directly measure the transport mechanism of Ag in bulk SiC. Recent experimental efforts have focused primarily on Ag ion implantation designs. The effect of the thermal exposure system on the ion implantation surface has been investigated. Results indicate the utilization of a mated sample geometry and the establishment of a static thermal exposure environment is critical to maintaining an intact surface for diffusion analysis. The nature of the implantation surface and its potential role in Ag diffusion analysis are discussed.

Tyler J. Gerczak; Guiqiu Zheng; Kevin G. Field; Todd R. Allen

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Characterisation of polystyrene coatings after plasma immersion ion implantation and adsorption of protein  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A polystyrene film spun onto polished silicon substrates was implanted with either nitrogen or argon ions using plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) and subsequently investigated by X-ray and neutron reflectometry, UV-VIS and FTIR ellipsometry, as well as by FTIR and Raman spectroscopy. The depth profile of the densified carbon structures resulting from the ion collision cascades in the polystyrene coating are clearly observed by both X-ray and neutron reflectometry. Argon ions produce a higher density modified layer at a shallower depth than nitrogen ions. The thickness measured for these graded layers agrees with the expected depths of ion implantation as calculated by SRIM. The sensitivity of X-ray and neutron reflectometry allows resolution of density and hydrogen content gradients within the graphitized layers. The treated layers were found to covalently immobilized protein directly from solution. The tropoelastin protein monolayers immobilized on the surface were characterized. Tropoelastin remained...

Dekker, S; Steel, B; Bilek, M M M; McKenzie, D R; James, M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Performance improvement of silicon nitride ball bearings by ion implantation. CRADA final report  

SciTech Connect

The present report summarizes technical results of CRADA No. ORNL 92-128 with the Pratt and Whitney Division of United Technologies Corporation. The stated purpose of the program was to assess the 3effect of ion implantation on the rolling contact performance of engineering silicon nitride bearings, to determine by post-test analyses of the bearings the reasons for improved or reduced performance and the mechanisms of failure, if applicable, and to relate the overall results to basic property changes including but not limited to swelling, hardness, modulus, micromechanical properties, and surface morphology. Forty-two control samples were tested to an intended runout period of 60 h. It was possible to supply only six balls for ion implantation, but an extended test period goal of 150 h was used. The balls were implanted with C-ions at 150 keV to a fluence of 1.1 {times} 10{sup 17}/cm{sup 2}. The collection of samples had pre-existing defects called C-cracks in the surfaces. As a result, seven of the control samples had severe spalls before reaching the goal of 60 h for an unacceptable failure rate of 0.003/sample-h. None of the ion-implanted samples experienced engineering failure in 150 h of testing. Analytical techniques have been used to characterize ion implantation results, to characterize wear tracks, and to characterize microstructure and impurity content. In possible relation to C-cracks. It is encouraging that ion implantation can mitigate the C-crack failure mode. However, the practical implications are compromised by the fact that bearings with C-cracks would, in no case, be acceptable in engineering practice, as this type of defect was not anticipated when the program was designed. The most important reason for the use of ceramic bearings is energy efficiency.

Williams, J.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Miner, J. [United Technologies Corp., West Palm Beach, FL (United States). Pratt and Whitney Div.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Adjuvant stereotactic permanent seed breast implant: A boost series in view of partial breast irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The aim of this study was to use permanent seed implants in the breast and describe our experience with 15 cases, using iodine seed implants as a tumor bed boost. Methods and Materials: Breasts were fixed with a thermoplastic sheet, a template bridge applied, the thorax scanned and the images rotated to be perpendicular to the implant axis. Skin, heart, and lung were delineated. A preplan was made, prescribing 50 Gy to the clinical target volume (CTV), consisting in this boost series of nearly a quadrant. Iodine (125) seeds were stereotactically implanted through the template, and results were checked with a postplan computed tomographic (CT) scan. Results: The breast was immobilized reproducibly. Simulation, scanning, and implant were performed without difficulties. Preplan CTV D90% (the dose delivered to 90% of the CTV) was 66 Gy, and postoperative fluoroscopic or CT scan checks were satisfactory. Pre- and postplan dose-volume histogram showed good organ sparing: mean postplan skin, heart, and lung V30 Gy (the organ volume receiving a dose of 30 Gy) of 2 {+-} 2.2 mL, 0.24 {+-} 0.34 mL, and 3.5 {+-} 5 mL, respectively. No short-term toxicity above Grade 1 was noted, except for transient Grade 3 neuropathy in 1 patient. Conclusions: Seeds remained in the right place, as assessed by fluoroscopy, absence of significant pre- to postplan dose-volume histogram change for critical organs, and total irradiated breast volume. The method could be proposed as a boost when high dosimetric selectivity is required (young patients after cardiotoxic chemotherapy for left-sided cancer). This boost series was a preliminary step before testing partial breast irradiation by permanent seed implant in a prospective trial.

Jansen, Nicolas [Department of Radiation Oncology, Liege University Hospital, Liege (Belgium)]. E-mail: nicolas.jansen@chu.ulg.ac.be; Deneufbourg, Jean-Marie [Department of Radiation Oncology, Liege University Hospital, Liege (Belgium); Nickers, Philippe [Department of Radiation Oncology, Liege University Hospital, Liege (Belgium)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

Influence of aluminum ions implantation on corrosion behavior of zircaloy-2 alloy in 1 M H2SO4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The specimens were implanted with aluminum ions with fluence ranging from 11016 to 11017 ions/cm2 to study the effect of aluminum ion implantation on the aqueous corrosion behavior of zircaloy-2 by metal vapor ...

Dequan Peng ???; Xinde Bai; Hui Sun

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Modeling Of Vacancy Cluster Formation In Ion Implanted Silicon Srinivasan Chakravarthi y and Scott T. Dunham z  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Of Vacancy Cluster Formation In Ion Implanted Silicon Srinivasan Chakravarthi y and Scott excess point defects that quickly recombine during annealing leaving net interstitial and vacancy populations. For higher energy implants, the separation be- tween interstitials and vacancies is larger

Dunham, Scott

320

Oral Ganciclovir for Patients with Cytomegalovirus Retinitis Treated with a Ganciclovir Implant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...clinical trials, the implant produced a longer-lasting therapeutic effect in the eye than has been achieved with systemic therapy. However, the implant does not produce measurable serum levels of ganciclovir, and patients therefore remain at risk for additional manifestations of cytomegalovirus disease.... Cytomegalovirus retinitis is the leading cause of visual loss in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).13 Systemic administration of ganciclovir,46 foscarnet,4 or cidofovir7,8 results in the initial control of retinitis. However, ...

Martin D.F.; Kuppermann B.D.; Wolitz R.A.

1999-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Coherent Synchrotron-Based Micro-Imaging Employed for Studies of Micro-Gap Formation in Dental Implants  

SciTech Connect

Biocompatible materials such as titanium are regularly applied in oral surgery. Titanium-based implants for the replacement of missing teeth demand a high mechanical precision in order to minimize micro-bacterial leakage, especially when two-piece concepts are used. Synchrotron-based hard x-ray radiography, unlike conventional laboratory radiography, allows high spatial resolution in combination with high contrast even when micro-sized features in such highly attenuating objects are visualized. Therefore, micro-gap formation at interfaces in two-piece dental implants with the sample under different mechanical loads can be studied. We show the existence of micro-gaps in implants with conical connections and study the mechanical behavior of the mating zone of conical implants during loading. The micro-gap is a potential source of implant failure, i.e., bacterial leakage, which can be a stimulus for an inflammatory process.

Rack, T.; Stiller, M.; Nelson, K. [Charite, Campus Virchow Clinic and Campus Benjamin Franklin, 13353 Berlin (Germany); Zabler, S. [Technische Universitaet Berlin, Strasse des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin (Germany); Rack, A. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP 220, 38043 Grenoble (France); Riesemeier, H. [Bundesanstalt fuer Materialforschung und -pruefung, Unter den Eichen 80, 12205 Berlin (Germany); Cecilia, A. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology - ANKA, Pf. 3640, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

322

Ferromagnetism in Mn-Implanted Epitaxially Grown Ge on Si(100)  

SciTech Connect

We have studied ferromagnetism of Mn-implanted epitaxial Ge films on silicon. The Ge films were grown by ultrahigh vacuum chemical vapor deposition using a mixture of germane (GeH{sub 4}) and methylgermane (CH{sub 3}GeH{sub 3}) gases with a carbon concentration of less than 1 at. %, and observed surface rms roughness of 0.5 nm, as measured by atomic force microscopy. Manganese ions were implanted in epitaxial Ge films grown on Si (100) wafers to an effective concentration of 16, 12, 6, and 2 at. %. Superconducting quantum interference device measurements showed that only the three highest Mn concentration samples are ferromagnetic, while the fourth sample, with [Mn] = 2 at. %, is paramagnetic. X-ray absorption spectroscopy and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements indicate that localized Mn moments are ferromagnetically coupled below the Curie temperature. Isothermal annealing of Mn-implanted Ge films with [Mn] = 16 at. % at 300 C for up to 1200 s decreases the magnetization but does not change the Curie temperature, suggesting that the amount of the magnetic phase slowly decreases with time at this anneal temperature. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopy and synchrotron grazing incidence x-ray diffraction experiments show that the Mn-implanted region is amorphous, and we believe that it is this phase that is responsible for the ferromagnetism. This is supported by our observation that high-temperature annealing leads to recrystallization and transformation of the material into a paramagnetic phase.

Guchhait, S.; Jamil, M.; Ohldag, H.; Mehta, A.; Arenholz, E.; Lian, G.; Li Fatou, A.; Ferrer, D. A.; Markert, J. T.; Colombo, L.; Banerjee, S. K.

2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

323

Heart-to-Heart (H2H): Authentication for Implanted Medical Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heart-to-Heart (H2H): Authentication for Implanted Medical Devices Masoud Rostami Rice University Rice University Houston, TX farinaz@rice.edu ABSTRACT We present Heart-to-Heart (H2H), a system patients to over-the-air attack and physical harm. H2H makes use of ECG (heartbeat data

324

A Glucose BioFuel Cell Implanted in Rats Philippe Cinquin1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Glucose BioFuel Cell Implanted in Rats Philippe Cinquin1 *, Chantal Gondran2 , Fabien Giroud2 powerful ones, Glucose BioFuel Cells (GBFCs), are based on enzymes electrically wired by redox mediators applications. Citation: Cinquin P, Gondran C, Giroud F, Mazabrard S, Pellissier A, et al. (2010) A Glucose BioFuel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

325

Reducing the impact of wind noise on cochlear implant processors with two microphones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Behind-the-ear (BTE) processors of cochlear implant (CI) devices offer little to almost no protection from wind noise in most incidence angles. To assess speech intelligibility, eight CI recipients were tested in 3 and 9m/s wind. Results indicated...

Kokkinakis, Kostas; Cox, Casey

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

326

Surface studies of nitrogen implanted TiO2 Matthias Batzill a,*, Erie H. Morales b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Titanium dioxide; Doping; Nitrogen; Surface science 1. IntroductionSurface studies of nitrogen implanted TiO2 Matthias Batzill a,*, Erie H. Morales b , Ulrike Diebold Available online 3 August 2007 Abstract Rutile TiO2(110) single crystals have been doped by nitrogen

Diebold, Ulrike

327

High-Sensitivity Temperature Sensing Using an Implanted Single Nitrogen-Vacancy Center Array in Diamond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We presented a high-sensitivity temperature detection using an implanted single Nitrogen-Vacancy center array in diamond. The high-order Thermal Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (TCPMG) method was performed on the implanted single nitrogen vacancy (NV) center in diamond in a static magnetic field. We demonstrated that under small detunings for the two driving microwave frequencies, the oscillation frequency of the induced fluorescence of the NV center equals approximately to the average of the detunings of the two driving fields. On basis of the conclusion, the zero-field splitting D for the NV center and the corresponding temperature could be determined. The experiment showed that the coherence time for the high-order TCPMG was effectively extended, particularly up to 108 {\\mu}s for TCPMG-8, about 14 times of the value 7.7 {\\mu}s for thermal Ramsey method. This coherence time corresponded to a thermal sensitivity of 10.1 mK/Hz1/2. We also detected the temperature distribution on the surface of a diamond chip in three different circumstances by using the implanted NV center array with the TCPMG-3 method. The experiment implies the feasibility for using implanted NV centers in high-quality diamonds to detect temperatures in biology, chemistry, material science and microelectronic system with high-sensitivity and nanoscale resolution.

Junfeng Wang; Fupan Feng; Jian Zhang; Jihong Chen; Zhongcheng Zheng; Liping Guo; Wenlong Zhang; Xuerui Song; Guoping Guo; Lele Fan; Chongwen Zou; Liren Lou; Wei Zhu; Guanzhong Wang

2014-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

328

An ultrasound technique for wireless power transmission through tissue to implanted medical devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An ultrasound electrical recharging system (USERTM) is developed and tested which wirelessly transmits significant amount of energy through animal tissue to charge implantable devices batteries or capacitors. The goal of this approach is wireless power transmission to active human implant devices. Experiments with transducers with resonant frequencies between 0.5 and 3.5 MHz led us to adopt 0.75 to 1.25 MHz as the range of optimum efficiency. In vitro experiments demonstrated significant charging of 4.1 V medically qualified Li-ion batteries across tissue depths of up to 5 cm. Charging currents close to 300 mA were achieved in vitro. Several in vivo tests confirmed the power delivery in a porcine model. In an in vivo survival test tissue was exposed to 1 MHz ultrasound at an average intensity of 0.4 W/cm2 for 11.5 h. Histology of the exposed tissue showed tissue changes primarily attributable only to surgical implantation of the prototype device. Many traditional and developing implanted medical devices are targets for the introduction of this method of power delivery to reduce the number of battery replacement operations and improve performance compared to the existing electromagnetic method of wireless power delivery. [Work supported by the NIH/NIBIB R44EB007421.

Leon Radziemski

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

X-ray spectra from neon atoms implanted in solid targets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neon K x-ray spectra produced in 80-keV neon-neon collisions are compared for gas targets and neon atoms implanted in a solid. The "solid target effects" are found to produce an x-ray spectrum which cannot be characterized by a binomial distribution.

R. J. Fortner and D. L. Matthews

1976-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Daptomycin plus fosfomycin: a synergistic combination in experimental implant-associated MRSA-osteomyelitis in rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in experimental implant-associated MRSA-osteomyelitis in rats T. Lingscheid 1 W. Poeppl 1 D. Bernitzky 1 Luzia Veletzky...Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Infection was induced in tibiae of rats by insertion of a bacterial inoculum (1-5108 CFU/ml) of...

T. Lingscheid; W. Poeppl; D. Bernitzky; Luzia Veletzky; Manuel Kussmann; R. Plasenzotti; H. Burgmann

2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

331

Mesoporous silica as a membrane for ultra-thin implantable direct glucose Tushar Sharma,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and low-power consuming implants. With the emergence of micro-electro mechanical system (MEMS) based-linked hydro- gels, sulfonated polypropylene and cuprophan,20­22 have been used to facilitate glucose diffusion and separate the electrodes. Rao et al.20,23 and Atanasov and Wilkins24 have used hydro- phobic membranes

332

Nature Macmillan Publishers Ltd 1998 AER excision and bead implantation. Fertilized chicken eggs (SPAFAS) were  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nature © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 1998 8 AER excision and bead implantation. Fertilized chicken, the AER from the right forelimb was surgically excised and the embryo was incubated for the time specified of a stage-20 forelimb from which the AER was excised. Virus preparation and infections. An EcoRI fragment

Bogyo, Matthew

333

On-Chip Feature Extraction for Spike Sorting in High Density Implantable Neural Recording Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

' and a `channel identifier' in addition to the features. Most systems have two phases of operation. The `training systems, the area required by circuitry is also a major concern in addition to the power consumption of complex processing [3,4]. An implanted system has to be low-power, low-area, highly accurate, automatic

Mason, Andrew

334

Polyx multicrystalline silicon solar cells processed by PF+5 unanalysed ion implantation and rapid thermal annealing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of terrestrial solar cells as compared to classical furnace or pulsed laser annealing. Unfortunately, drawbacks695 Polyx multicrystalline silicon solar cells processed by PF+5 unanalysed ion implantation with classical furnace annealing or with classical diffusion process. Revue Phys. Appl. 22 (1987) 695-700 JUILLET

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

335

Stability and Three-Dimensional Analysis of Bone Formation in Longitudinally Fluted Miniscrew Implants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the effects of longitudinal flutes on mini-screw implant (MSI) bone healing and stability. Using 11 skeletally mature New Zealand White rabbits, 33 longitudinally fluted and 33 non-fluted MSIs were...

Truong, An Van

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

336

Activation and thermal stability of ultra-shallow B{sup +}-implants in Ge  

SciTech Connect

The activation and thermal stability of ultra-shallow B{sup +} implants in crystalline (c-Ge) and preamorphized Ge (PA-Ge) following rapid thermal annealing was investigated using micro Hall effect and ion beam analysis techniques. The residual implanted dose of ultra-shallow B{sup +} implants in Ge was characterized using elastic recoil detection and was determined to correlate well with simulations with a dose loss of 23.2%, 21.4%, and 17.6% due to ion backscattering for 2, 4, and 6 keV implants in Ge, respectively. The electrical activation of ultra-shallow B{sup +} implants at 2, 4, and 6 keV to fluences ranging from 5.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 13} to 5.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 15} cm{sup -2} was studied using micro Hall effect measurements after annealing at 400-600 Degree-Sign C for 60 s. For both c-Ge and PA-Ge, a large fraction of the implanted dose is rendered inactive due to the formation of a presumable B-Ge cluster. The B lattice location in samples annealed at 400 Degree-Sign C for 60 s was characterized by channeling analysis with a 650 keV H{sup +} beam by utilizing the {sup 11}B(p, {alpha})2{alpha} nuclear reaction and confirmed the large fraction of off-lattice B for both c-Ge and PA-Ge. Within the investigated annealing range, no significant change in activation was observed. An increase in the fraction of activated dopant was observed with increasing energy which suggests that the surface proximity and the local point defect environment has a strong impact on B activation in Ge. The results suggest the presence of an inactive B-Ge cluster for ultra-shallow implants in both c-Ge and PA-Ge that remains stable upon annealing for temperatures up to 600 Degree-Sign C.

Yates, B. R.; Darby, B. L.; Jones, K. S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Petersen, D. H. [DTU Nanotech, Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Hansen, O. [DTU Nanotech, Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); CINF, Center for Individual Nanoparticle Functionality, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Lin, R.; Nielsen, P. F. [CAPRES A/S, Scion-DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Romano, L. [IMM-CNR MATIS and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, I-95123 Catania (Italy); Doyle, B. L. [Sandia National Laboratories, MS-1056, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Kontos, A. [Applied Materials, Gloucester, Massachusetts 01930 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Effect of copper ions implantation on corrosion behavior of zircaloy-2 in 1M H2SO4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to study the effect of copper ion implantation on the aqueous corrosion behavior of zircaloy-2, specimens were implanted with copper ions with fluence ranging from 1נ10?16 to 1נ10?17ionscm?2, using a metal vapor vacuum arc source (MEVVA) at an extraction voltage of 40kV. The valence states and depth distributions of elements in the surface layer of the samples were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), respectively. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to examine the microstructure of the copper-implanted samples. The potentiodynamic polarization technique was employed to evaluate the aqueous corrosion resistance of implanted zircaloy-2 in a 1M H2SO4 solution. It was found that a significant improvement was achieved in the aqueous corrosion resistance of zircaloy-2 implanted with copper ions compared with as-received zircaloy-2. The corrosion resistance of implanted samples declined with increasing the fluence. Finally, the mechanism of the corrosion behavior of copper-implanted zircaloy-2 was discussed.

D.Q. Peng; X.D. Bai; B.S. Chen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Determination of prescription dose for Cs-131 permanent implants using the BED formalism including resensitization correction  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The current widely used biological equivalent dose (BED) formalism for permanent implants is based on the linear-quadratic model that includes cell repair and repopulation but not resensitization (redistribution and reoxygenation). The authors propose a BED formalism that includes all the four biological effects (4Rs), and the authors propose how it can be used to calculate appropriate prescription doses for permanent implants with Cs-131. Methods: A resensitization correction was added to the BED calculation for permanent implants to account for 4Rs. Using the same BED, the prescription doses with Au-198, I-125, and Pd-103 were converted to the isoeffective Cs-131 prescription doses. The conversion factor F, ratio of the Cs-131 dose to the equivalent dose with the other reference isotope (F{sub r}: with resensitization, F{sub n}: without resensitization), was thus derived and used for actual prescription. Different values of biological parameters such as ?, ?, and relative biological effectiveness for different types of tumors were used for the calculation. Results: Prescription doses with I-125, Pd-103, and Au-198 ranging from 10 to 160 Gy were converted into prescription doses with Cs-131. The difference in dose conversion factors with (F{sub r}) and without (F{sub n}) resensitization was significant but varied with different isotopes and different types of tumors. The conversion factors also varied with different doses. For I-125, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 0.51/0.46, for fast growing tumors, and 0.88/0.77 for slow growing tumors. For Pd-103, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 1.25/1.15 for fast growing tumors, and 1.28/1.22 for slow growing tumors. For Au-198, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 1.08/1.25 for fast growing tumors, and 1.00/1.06 for slow growing tumors. Using the biological parameters for the HeLa/C4-I cells, the averaged value of F{sub r} was 1.07/1.11 (rounded to 1.1), and the averaged value of F{sub n} was 1.75/1.18. F{sub r} of 1.1 has been applied to gynecological cancer implants with expected acute reactions and outcomes as expected based on extensive experience with permanent implants. The calculation also gave the average Cs-131 dose of 126 Gy converted from the I-125 dose of 144 Gy for prostate implants. Conclusions: Inclusion of an allowance for resensitization led to significant dose corrections for Cs-131 permanent implants, and should be applied to prescription dose calculation. The adjustment of the Cs-131 prescription doses with resensitization correction for gynecological permanent implants was consistent with clinical experience and observations. However, the Cs-131 prescription doses converted from other implant doses can be further adjusted based on new experimental results, clinical observations, and clinical outcomes.

Luo, Wei, E-mail: wei.luo@uky.edu; Molloy, Janelle; Aryal, Prakash; Feddock, Jonathan; Randall, Marcus [Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

Influence of implantation induced Ni-doping on structural, optical, and morphological properties of nanocrystalline CdS thin films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ni-doped CdS thin films were prepared by 90keV Ni+ implantation at room temperature. Ni-ion implantation induced modifications in structural, optical, and morphological properties are studied for a wide range of impurity concentrations (1.8610.19at.%). Addition of Ni+ ions does not lead to any structural phase transformation or formation of metallic clusters or secondary phase precipitates. However, it induces structural disorder leading to a reduction in the optical band gap from 2.39 to 2.28eV following Ni implantation up to 3נ1016 ions cm?2. This is addressed on the basis of band tailing due to the creation of localized energy states and implantation induced grain growth. Moreover, Ni-doping is found to modify the luminescence properties by creating shallow acceptor states.

S. Chandramohan; T. Strache; S.N. Sarangi; R. Sathyamoorthy; T. Som

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Image guided implantology real-time guidance of dental implant surgery in the operative field using CT-scan image  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The surgical stage of dental implant placement is a complicated one, requires meticulous planning and pinpoint accuracy during surgery. The surgical plan is guided by prosthetic considerations and anatomical s...

Lior Shapira

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

The use of laser therapy for dental implant surface decontamination: a narrative review of in vitro studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this narrative review was to critically evaluate in vitro studies assessing the efficacy of lasers in the bacterial decontamination of titanium implant surfaces. The MEDLINE, Web of Knowledge and Em...

Marina Salah Kamel; Amardeep Khosa; Andrew Tawse-Smith

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Investigation of a chalcohalide glass optical waveguide structure fabricated by dual-energy carbon-ion implantation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A planar waveguide structure in a chalcohalide glass was fabricated by dual-energy C ion implantation with energies of 5.5 and 6.0MeV at fluences of 7.01014 and...

Yu, Xiao-Fei; Liu, Tao; Zhang, Lian; Zhou, Yu-Fan; Wang, Tie-Jun; Wang, Xue-Lin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

The active dopant concentration in ion implanted indium tin oxide thin films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of oxygen ion implantation on the electrical and optical properties of Sn?doped In2O3 (ITO) thin films sputter deposited from a planar magnetron source on glass substrates is described. The films were characterized as a function of the implanted dose (3101311016 O+ cm?2) by Hall effect resistivity and optical transmission measurements. The dependencies observed are explained in terms of the deactivation of the Sn dopant and the removal of oxygen vacancies. In this way an estimate of the amount of electrically active Sn contributing to the carrier density in as?deposited films was obtained. Furthermore the accompanying changes in the band gap with decreasing free?carrier density could be explained quantitatively in terms of the BursteinMoss effect.

T. J. Vink; M. H. F. Overwijk; W. Walrave

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Investigation of dose uniformity on the inner races of bearings treated by plasma immersion ion implantation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plasma immersion ion implantation(PIII) is an effective technique for the surface modification of industrial components possessing an irregular shape. We have recently used PIII to treat a real industrial ball bearing to enhance the surface properties of the race surface on which the balls roll. The implantation dose uniformity along the groove is assessed using theoretical simulation and experiments. The two sets of results agree very well showing larger doses near the center. However the highest dose is not observed at the bottom or center of the groove but rather offset toward the side close to the sample platen when the bearing is placed horizontally. The minimum dose is observed near the edge or corner of the groove and our model indicates that it is due to the more glancing ion incidence as a result of the evolution of the ion sheath near the corner. The dose nonuniformity along the groove surface is about 40% based on our experimental data.

Z. M. Zeng; T. K. Kwok; X. B. Tian; B. Y. Tang; P. K. Chu

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Gettering of transition metals by cavities in silicon formed by helium ion implantation  

SciTech Connect

We have recently completed studies which quantitatively characterize the ability of nanometer-size cavities formed by He ion implantation to getter detrimental metal impurities in Si. Cavity microstructures formed in Si by ion implantation of He and subsequent annealing have been found to capture metal impurities by two mechanisms: (1) chemisorption on internal walls at low concentrations and (2) silicide precipitation at concentrations exceeding the solid solubility. Experiments utilizing ion-beam analysis, cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy, and secondary ion mass spectrometry were performed to quantitatively characterize the gettering effects and to determine the free energies associated with the chemisorbed metal atoms as a function of temperature. Mathematical models utilizing these results have been developed to predict gettering behavior.

Petersen, G.A.; Myers, S.M.; Follstaedt, D.M.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Structural relaxation and order in ion-implanted Si and Ge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Raman scattering measurements are reported as a function of annealing temperature on heavily damaged, ion-implanted Ge and Si. Changes in the opticlike, TO Raman bandwidth of amorphous Ge are found to correlate with the estimated heat of structural relaxation obtained from the data of Donovan et al. This result is consistent with a bond-strain model, demonstrating that structural relaxation is primarily associated with short-range bond-angle ordering. The results also allow an estimate of the temperature dependence of the width of the bond-angle distribution to be obtained with annealing. The Raman spectra of ion-implanted Si indicate greater order in the amorphous state than similarly prepared amorphous Ge. Estimates of the corresponding heat of structural relaxation of amorphous Si suggest that this should be observable.

J. Fortner and J. S. Lannin

1988-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

347

Ion implantation of rare-earth dopants in ferromagnetic thin films  

SciTech Connect

We show that high-dose ion implantation can be used to introduce rare-earth dopants for the control of precessional dynamics in magnetic thin films. Tb and Gd ions have been implanted in Ni{sub 81}Fe{sub 19} through Ta masks at dosages from 1x10{sup 14}/cm{sup 2} to 1x10{sup 15}/cm{sup 2}. Effects on dynamics are found to be similar to those contributed by cosputtered Tb and Gd dopants in Ni{sub 81}Fe{sub 19} (50 nm). Broadband ferromagnetic resonance measurements from 0 to 18 GHz show that adjustments in damping {alpha} from 0.008 to 0.040 are fully intrinsic (Gilbert type) and roughly proportional to dose. The technique enables the creation of films with spatially modulated precessional characteristics.

Dasgupta, V.; Litombe, N.; Bailey, W. E.; Bakhru, H. [Materials Science Program, Department of Applied Physics, Columbia University, 500 West 120th Street, New York, New York 10027 (United States); College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, SUNY Albany, 251 Fuller Road, Albany, New York 12203 (United States)

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

348

A study of laser annealing effects in boron ion implanted polycrystalline silicon films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/cm 15 2 65 Q=1x10 /cm 15 2 Q=5x10 /cm 15 2 65 24 34. 8 25 35 Nethod 1: Ion implanted before Hall pattern was defined. Nethod 2 : Hall pattern was defined before ion implantation. + All ps and pH values are average of 3 readings. Individual... N. M = NOT measurable with Hall effect analyzer STANDARD SAMPLE R = 3. 378 1 R2 = 3. 478 b, V = . 2mV at I = 5. 6mA ~ B = 4. 5 KG d. R pH =? Bx Ps Ps = 15. 536 A/a 45 Orate Q 1KHz 3 KHz eak 225W 161W 10 T. A. at 1000 0 P=-46K n/Q Q...

Suh, Inhak Harry

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Response of Steers to Implantation of Diethylstilbestrol During Suckling, Wintering and Finishing Periods.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Invaluable cooperation given by Las Moras Ranch of Menard, Merrill Ranch of Fort Davis, and Joe Lane Ranch of Marfa is gratefully acknowledged. Cover photo - courtesy of the Texas Hereford Association. The picture was taken on 1,as hloras Ranch, Menard... from 2 pounds less to 29 pounds more than the unimplanted calves on the ,:same ranch durilig the 4 years. Implanting appeared to be most effective ill ~ummary increasing weaning weight when range feed conditions were best. Half to all...

Melton, A. A.; Riggs, J. K.

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Dependence of the half-life of {sup 221}Fr on the implantation environment  

SciTech Connect

The possible dependence of the half-life of {sup 221}Fr on the solid-state environment has been investigated by the simultaneous measurement of implanted {sup 221}Fr ions in an insulator (Si) and a metallic substrate (Au) at the ISOLDE facility at CERN. Our results indicate that, if existing, the difference in half-life does not follow a systematic trend and it is well below 1%.

Olaizola, B. [Grupo de Fisica Nuclear, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Fraile, L. M. [Grupo de Fisica Nuclear, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid (Spain); ISOLDE, PH Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Riisager, K.; Jeppesen, H.; Skovbo, K.; Thomsen, L. A. [ISOLDE, PH Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Institut for Fysik og Astronomi, Aarhus Universitet, Ny Munkegade 120, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Correia, J. G.; Johnston, K. [ISOLDE, PH Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Fynbo, H. O. U.; Kirsebom, O. [Institut for Fysik og Astronomi, Aarhus Universitet, Ny Munkegade 120, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2010-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

351

Segregation gettering by implantation-formed cavities and B-Si precipitates in silicon  

SciTech Connect

The authors show that Fe, Co, Cu, and Au in Si undergo strong segregation gettering to cavities and B-Si precipitates formed by He or B ion implantation and annealing. The respective mechanisms are argued to be chemisorption on the cavity walls and occupation of solution sites within the disordered, B-rich, B-Si phase. The strengths of the reactions are evaluated, enabling prediction of gettering performance.

Myers, S.M.; Petersen, G.A.; Follstaedt, D.M. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Extending Ion Source Life on High Current Ion Implant Tools with In-Situ Chemical Cleaning  

SciTech Connect

Ion source replacement is generally the most frequent maintenance activity on an ion implanter impacting both productivity and consumable costs. In this paper we review the different mechanisms responsible for ion source failure. We report on in-situ chemical cleaning tests conducted at Toshiba Oita, which have shown potential for significant extension in source life. Several factors impact the effectiveness of xenon difluoride including failure modes, cleaning time and flow rates.

Uvais, A.; Botet, A. [ATMI, Danbury, CT (United States); Jinguji, M.; Sato, Y.; Yotsumoto, T. [Toshiba Corporation, Oita (Japan)

2011-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

353

Optimal Suturing Technique and Number of Sutures for Surgical Implantation of Acoustic Transmitters in Juvenile Salmonids  

SciTech Connect

The size reduction of acoustic transmitters has led to a reduction in the length of incision needed to implant a transmitter. Smaller suture knot profiles and fewer sutures may be adequate for closing an incision used to surgically implant an acoustic microtransmitter. As a result, faster surgery times and reduced tissue trauma could lead to increased survival and decreased infection for implanted fish. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of five suturing techniques on mortality, tag and suture retention, incision openness, ulceration, and redness in juvenile Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha implanted with acoustic microtransmitters. Suturing was performed by three surgeons, and study fish were held at two water temperatures (12C and 17C). Mortality was low and tag retention was high for all treatments on all examination days (7, 14, 21, and 28 days post-surgery). Because there was surgeon variation in suture retention among treatments, further analyses included only the one surgeon who received feedback training in all suturing techniques. Incision openness and tissue redness did not differ among treatments. The only difference observed among treatments was in tissue ulceration. Incisions closed with a horizontal mattress pattern had more ulceration than other treatments among fish held for 28 days at 17C. Results from this study suggest that one simple interrupted 1 1 1 1 suture is adequate for closing incisions on fish under most circumstances. However, in dynamic environments, two simple interrupted 1 1 1 1 sutures should provide adequate incision closure. Reducing bias in survival and behavior tagging studies is important when making comparisons to the migrating salmon population. Therefore, by minimizing the effects of tagging on juvenile salmon (reduced tissue trauma and reduced surgery time), researchers can more accurately estimate survival and behavior.

Deters, Katherine A.; Brown, Richard S.; Boyd, James W.; Eppard, M. B.; Seaburg, Adam

2012-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

354

Raman spectroscopy for characterization of annealing of ion-implanted InP  

SciTech Connect

Raman spectroscopy has been used as a noncontacting, nondestructive tool to evaluate the properties of Si/sup +/- and Be/sup +/- implanted InP samples annealed at temperatures ranging from 600 to 750C using phosphosilicate glass (PSG) as the encapsulant. Carrier activation, carrier mobility and recovery of damage as a function of anneal temperature obtained from analysis of Raman data agree very well with independent electrical measurements.

Myers, D.R.; Gourley, P.L.; Vaidyanathan, K.V.; Dunlap, H.L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Optical switching and photoluminescence in erbium-implanted vanadium dioxide thin films  

SciTech Connect

Vanadium dioxide (VO{sub 2}) is under intensive consideration for optical switching due to its reversible phase transition, which features a drastic and rapid shift in infrared reflectivity. Classified as an insulatortometal transition, the phase transition in VO{sub 2} can be induced thermally, electrically, and optically. When induced optically, the transition can occur on sub-picosecond time scales. It is interesting to dope VO{sub 2} with erbium ions (Er{sup 3+}) and observe their combined properties. The first excited-state luminescence of Er{sup 3+} lies within the wavelength window of minimal transmission-loss in silicon and has been widely utilized for signal amplification and generation in silicon photonics. The incorporation of Er{sup 3+} into VO{sub 2} could therefore result in a novel photonic material capable of simultaneous optical switching and amplification. In this work, we investigate the optical switching and photoluminescence in Er-implanted VO{sub 2} thin films. Thermally driven optical switching is demonstrated in the Er-implanted VO{sub 2} by infrared reflectometry. Photoluminescence is observed in the thin films annealed at ?800?C or above. In addition, Raman spectroscopy and a statistical analysis of switching hysteresis are carried out to assess the effects of the ion implantation on the VO{sub 2} thin films. We conclude that Er-implanted VO{sub 2} can function as an optical switch and amplifier, but with reduced switching quality compared to pure VO{sub 2}.

Lim, Herianto, E-mail: mail@heriantolim.com; Stavrias, Nikolas; Johnson, Brett C.; McCallum, Jeffrey C. [School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Marvel, Robert E.; Haglund, Richard F. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37240 (United States)

2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

356

GaN-based micro-LED arrays on flexible substrates for optical cochlear implants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Currently available cochlear implants are based on electrical stimulation of the spiral ganglion neurons. Optical stimulation with arrays of micro-sized light-emitting diodes (LEDs) promises to increase the number of distinguishable frequencies. Here, the development of a flexible GaN-based micro-LED array as an optical cochlear implant is reported for application in a mouse model. The fabrication of 15m thin and highly flexible devices is enabled by a laser-based layer transfer process of the GaN-LEDs from sapphire to a polyimide-on-silicon carrier wafer. The fabricated 50?50m2 LEDs are contacted via conducting paths on both p- and n-sides of the LEDs. Up to three separate channels could be addressed. The probes, composed of a linear array of the said LEDs bonded to the flexible polyimide substrate, are peeled off the carrier wafer and attached to flexible printed circuit boards. Probes with four LEDs and a width of 230m are successfully implanted in the mouse cochlea both in vitro and in vivo. The LEDs emit 60W at 1mA after peel-off, corresponding to a radiant emittance of 6mWmm?2.

Christian Goler; Colin Bierbrauer; Rdiger Moser; Michael Kunzer; Katarzyna Holc; Wilfried Pletschen; Klaus Khler; Joachim Wagner; Michael Schwaerzle; Patrick Ruther; Oliver Paul; Jakob Neef; Daniel Keppeler; Gerhard Hoch; Tobias Moser; Ulrich T Schwarz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

SOLAR WIND IMPLANTATION MODEL FOR {sup 10}Be IN CALCIUM-ALUMINUM INCLUSIONS  

SciTech Connect

We propose a model for the incorporation of {sup 10}Be within calcium-aluminum inclusions (CAIs) in primitive carbonaceous meteorites. In this model, {sup 10}Be is produced by energetic particle reactions in the proto-solar atmosphere of a more active proto-Sun characterized by energetic particle fluxes higher than contemporary particle fluxes. This {sup 10}Be is incorporated into the solar wind that is then implanted into CAI precursor material. This production mechanism is operational in the contemporary solar system implanting {sup 10}Be in lunar materials. The contemporary production rate of {sup 10}Be at the surface of the Sun is {approx}0.1 {sup 10}Be cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}. Scaling up the contemporary {sup 10}Be production in the proto-Sun by a factor of 10{sup 5} would increase the production rate to 10{sup 410}Be cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}. Using this enhanced production value in conjunction with refractory mass inflow rates at 0.06 AU from the proto-Sun we model {sup 10}Be concentrations in CAI precursors. We calculate the content of solar-wind-implanted {sup 10}Be would have been of the order of 10{sup 1210}Be g{sup -1} in CAIs, consistent with initial{sup 10}Be content found from boron-beryllium isotopic systematics in CAIs.

Bricker, Glynn E. [Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, Purdue University North Central, Schwarz Bldg, Westville, IN 46391 (United States); Caffee, Marc W., E-mail: gbricker@pnc.ed, E-mail: mcaffee@purdue.ed [Department of Physics, Primelab: Purdue University, 525 Northwestern Avenue, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States)

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

358

Phosphorus emitter engineering by plasma-immersion ion implantation for c-Si solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ion Beam Services (IBS) has developed processes dedicated to silicon-based solar cell manufacturing using a plasma-immersion ion implantation equipment. It enables the realization of various doping profiles for phosphorus-doped emitters which fit the requirements of high-efficiency solar cells. PH3 plasma-implanted emitters are chemically, physically and electrically characterized to demonstrate their excellent quality. Those emitters are then integrated into a low cost p-type monocrystalline silicon solar cell manufacturing line from the National Solar Energy Institute (INES) in order to be compared with usual \\{POCl3\\} diffusion. Starting from a basic process flow with blanket emitter and conventional full-area aluminum back-surface field, plasma-immersion implanted emitters enable to raise conversion efficiencies above 19.1%. Thanks to an optimized double layer anti-reflective coating, a 19.4% champion cell has been achieved. Depending on different plasma process parameters, lightly doped emitters are then engineered aiming to study doping modulation using a dedicated laser.

Thomas Michel; Jrme Le Perchec; Adeline Lanterne; Rmi Monna; Frank Torregrosa; Laurent Roux; Mireille Commandr

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Implant breast reconstruction followed by radiotherapy: Can helical tomotherapy become a standard irradiation treatment?  

SciTech Connect

To evaluate the benefits and limitations of helical tomotherapy (HT) for loco-regional irradiation of patients after a mastectomy and immediate implant-based reconstruction. Ten breast cancer patients with retropectoral implants were randomly selected for this comparative study. Planning target volumes (PTVs) 1 (the volume between the skin and the implant, plus margin) and 2 (supraclavicular, infraclavicular, and internal mammary nodes, plus margin) were 50 Gy in 25 fractions using a standard technique and HT. The extracted dosimetric data were compared using a 2-tailed Wilcoxon matched-pair signed-rank test. Doses for PTV1 and PTV2 were significantly higher with HT (V95 of 98.91 and 97.91%, respectively) compared with the standard technique (77.46 and 72.91%, respectively). Similarly, the indexes of homogeneity were significantly greater with HT (p = 0.002). HT reduced ipsilateral lung volume that received {>=}20 Gy (16.7 vs. 35%), and bilateral lungs (p = 0.01) and neighboring organs received doses that remained well below tolerance levels. The heart volume, which received 25 Gy, was negligible with both techniques. HT can achieve full target coverage while decreasing high doses to the heart and ipsilateral lung. However, the low doses to normal tissue volumes need to be reduced in future studies.

Massabeau, Carole, E-mail: cmassabeau@hotmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institut Curie, Paris (France); Fournier-Bidoz, Nathalie; Wakil, Georges; Castro Pena, Pablo; Viard, Romain; Zefkili, Sofia; Reyal, Fabien; Campana, Francois; Fourquet, Alain; Kirova, Youlia M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institut Curie, Paris (France)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Peripherally Placed Totally Implantable Venous-access Port Systems of the Forearm: Clinical Experience in 763 Consecutive Patients  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of percutaneously placed totally implantable venous-access ports (TIVAPs) of the forearm. Between January 2006 and October 2008, peripheral TIVAPs were implanted in 763 consecutive patients by ultrasound and fluoroscopic guidance. All catheters were implanted under local anesthesia and were tunneled subcutaneously. Indication, technical success, and complications were retrospectively analyzed according to Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) criteria. Presence of antibiotic prophylaxis, periprocedurally administered drugs (e.g., sedation), and laboratory results at the time of implantation were analyzed. Maintenance during the service interval was evaluated. In total, 327,499 catheter-days were analyzed. Technical success rate was 99.3%. Reasons for initial failure of implantation were either unexpected thrombosis of the subclavian vein, expanding tumor mass of the mediastinum, or failure of peripheral venous access due to fragile vessels. Mean follow-up was 430 days. There were 115 complications observed (15.1%, 0.03 per 100 catheter-days), of which 33 (4.3%) were classified as early (within 30 days from implantation) and 82 (10.7%) as late. Catheter-related venous thrombosis was found in 65 (8.5%) of 763 (0.02 per 100 catheter-days) TIVAPs. Infections were observed in 41 (5.4%) of 763 (0.01 per 100 catheter-days) devices. Other complications observed included dislocation of the catheter tip (0.8%), occlusion (0.1%), or rupture (0.1%) of the port catheter. Dislocated catheters were corrected during a second interventional procedure. In conclusion, implantation of percutaneously placed peripheral TIVAPs shows a high technical success rate and low risk of early complications when ultrasound and fluoroscopic guidance are used. Late complications are observed three times as often as early complications.

Goltz, Jan P., E-mail: Goltz@roentgen.uni-wuerzburg.de; Scholl, Anne; Ritter, Christian O. [University of Wuerzburg, Institute of Radiology (Germany); Wittenberg, Guenther [Evangelisches Krankenhaus Bielefeld Gilead, Institute of Radiology (Germany); Hahn, Dietbert; Kickuth, Ralph [University of Wuerzburg, Institute of Radiology (Germany)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

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361

8 AEROSPACE AMERICA/DECEMBER 2007 AEROSPACE SCIENCES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University has reported significant progress in the use of microwave energy depo- sition, expanding Knudsen numbers. Recently, gas-kinetic schemes based on the BGK approximation to tional Sciences Center control for NACA airfoils and turbine blades at high angles of attack. Also in the past year, simulations

Roy, Subrata

362

Bypassing the learning curve in permanent seed implants using state-of-the-art technology  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The aim of this study was to demonstrate, based on clinical postplan dose distributions, that technology can be used efficiently to eliminate the learning curve associated with permanent seed implant planning and delivery. Methods and Materials: Dose distributions evaluated 30 days after the implant of the initial 22 consecutive patients treated with permanent seed implants at two institutions were studied. Institution 1 (I1) consisted of a new team, whereas institution 2 (I2) had performed more than 740 preplanned implantations over a 9-year period before the study. Both teams had adopted similar integrated systems based on three-dimensional (3D) transrectal ultrasonography, intraoperative dosimetry, and an automated seed delivery and needle retraction system (FIRST, Nucletron). Procedure time and dose volume histogram parameters such as D90, V100, V150, V200, and others were collected in the operating room and at 30 days postplan. Results: The average target coverage from the intraoperative plan (V100) was 99.4% for I1 and 99.9% for I2. D90, V150, and V200 were 191.4 Gy (196.3 Gy), 75.3% (73.0%), and 37.5% (34.1%) for I1 (I2) respectively. None of these parameters shows a significant difference between institutions. The postplan D90 was 151.2 Gy for I1 and 167.3 Gy for I2, well above the 140 Gy from the Stock et al. analysis, taking into account differences at planning, results in a p value of 0.0676. The procedure time required on average 174.4 min for I1 and 89 min for I2. The time was found to decrease with the increasing number of patients. Conclusion: State-of-the-art technology enables a new brachytherapy team to obtain excellent postplan dose distributions, similar to those achieved by an experienced team with proven long-term clinical results. The cost for bypassing the usual dosimetry learning curve is time, with increasing team experience resulting in shorter treatment times.

Beaulieu, Luc [Departement de Radio-oncologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, PQ (Canada)]. E-mail: beaulieu@phy.ulaval.ca; Evans, Dee-Ann Radford [Departments of Radiation Oncology and Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, AB (Canada); Aubin, Sylviane [Departement de Radio-oncologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, PQ (Canada); Angyalfi, Steven [Departments of Radiation Oncology and Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, AB (Canada); Husain, Siraj [Departments of Radiation Oncology and Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, AB (Canada); Kay, Ian [Departments of Radiation Oncology and Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, AB (Canada); Martin, Andre-Guy [Departement de Radio-oncologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, PQ (Canada); Varfalvy, Nicolas [Departement de Radio-oncologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, PQ (Canada); Vigneault, Eric [Departement de Radio-oncologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, PQ (Canada); Dunscombe, Peter [Departments of Radiation Oncology and Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, AB (Canada)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Overview of plasma source ion implantation research at University of WisconsinMadison  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the last five years plasma sourceion implantation (PSII) research at the University of WisconsinMadison has encompassed work in the areas of plasma physics diagnostics ion?material interactions modeling materials science issues and a broad spectrum of industrial applications of PSII technology. The third generation PSII system is presently under construction. Three methods of plasma generation namely electron impact method glow discharge and radio frequency have been successfully employed. In the following article the highlights of the above facets of PSII research activities have been presented.

Shamim M. Malik; K. Sridharan; R. P. Fetherston; A. Chen; and J. R. Conrad

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

The Efficacy of Ultraviolet Radiation for Sterilizing Tools Used for Surgically Implanting Transmitters into Fish  

SciTech Connect

Telemetry is frequently used to examine the behavior of fish, and the transmitters used are normally surgically implanted into the coelom of fish. Implantation requires the use of surgical tools such as scalpels, forceps, needle holders, and sutures. When several fish are implanted consecutively for large telemetry studies, it is common for surgical tools to be sterilized or, at minimum, disinfected between each use so that pathogens that may be present are not spread among fish. However, autoclaving tools can take a long period of time, and chemical sterilants or disinfectants can be harmful to both humans and fish and have varied effectiveness. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is commonly used to disinfect water in aquaculture facilities. However, this technology has not been widely used to sterilize tools for surgical implantation of transmitters in fish. To determine its efficacy for this application, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers used UV radiation to disinfect surgical tools (i.e., forceps, needle holder, stab scalpel, and suture) that were exposed to one of four aquatic organisms that typically lead to negative health issues for salmonids. These organisms included Aeromonas salmonicida, Flavobacterium psychrophilum, Renibacterium salmoninarum, and Saprolegnia parasitica. Surgical tools were exposed to the bacteria by dipping them into a confluent suspension of three varying concentrations (i.e., low, medium, high). After exposure to the bacterial culture, tools were placed into a mobile Millipore UV sterilization apparatus. The tools were then exposed for three different time periods2, 5, or 15 min. S. parasitica, a water mold, was tested using an agar plate method and forceps-pinch method. UV light exposures of 5 and 15 min were effective at killing all four organisms. UV light was also effective at killing Geobacillus stearothermophilus, the organism used as a biological indicator to verify effectiveness of steam sterilizers. These techniques appear to provide a quick alternative disinfection technique for some surgical tools that is less harmful to both humans and fish while not producing chemical waste. However, we do not recommend using these methods with tools that have overlapping parts or other structures that cannot be directly exposed to UV light such as needle holders.

Walker, Ricardo W.; Markillie, Lye Meng; Colotelo, Alison HA; Gay, Marybeth E.; Woodley, Christa M.; Brown, Richard S.

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

365

Origins of low resistivity and Ge donor level in Ge ion-implanted ZnO bulk single crystals  

SciTech Connect

The energy level of Ge in Ge-ion implanted ZnO single crystals is studied by Hall-effect and photoluminescence (PL) methods. The variations in resistivity from ?10{sup 3} ?cm for un-implanted samples to ?10{sup ?2} ?cm for as-implanted ones are observed. The resistivity is further decreased to ?10{sup ?3} ?cm by annealing. The origins of the low resistivity are attributed to both the zinc interstitial (Zn{sub i}) related defects and the electrical activated Ge donor. An activation energy of Ge donors estimated from the temperature dependence of carrier concentration is 102 meV. In PL studies, the new peak at 372 nm (3.33 eV) related to the Ge donor is observed in 1000 C annealed samples.

Kamioka, K.; Oga, T.; Izawa, Y.; Kuriyama, K. [College of Engineering and Research Center of Ion Beam Technology, Hosei University Koganei, Tokyo 184-8584 (Japan); Kushida, K. [Departments of Arts and Sciences, Osaka Kyoiku University Kashiwara, Osaka 582-8582 (Japan)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

366

AerospaceEngineering Student Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that reaches 220 km/h with only pure water as emission Human Power The fastest human powered bicycle SSVOBB Designs airplanes and UAVs and keeps an old Lambach HL II airworthy Forze H2 Hydrogen racing car

Lindken, Ralph

367

Aerospace Experts Challenge ASAT Decision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...a smgrter way to fight a war." Dirks agrees that a surreptitious space mine attack is improbable. "Any sub-stantial...goes on to make a broader point that with any potential surreptitious ASAT threat, the issue is not whether the Soviets can...

R. JEFFREY SMITH

1984-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

368

D. Banerjee Mechanical and Aerospace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Linearized stability analysis of a vapor film underlying a pool of heavier liquid was performed in three bubble model where he assumed that the vapor bubbles were arranged on a square grid with spacing equal an axisymmetric analysis of the region surround- ing the bubble releasing nodes. From the analysis it was shown

Banerjee, Debjyoti

369

Areas of Specialization Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engineering Structural Health Monitoring Turbulence & Fluid Mechanics Wind Energy Applied Physics Biomedical Electrochemical Engineering Materials Microfabricated Systems Nanotechnology Polymers & Complex Fluids Sustainable Controls Design Dynamics & Vibrations Energy Engineering Environmental Sustainability Fluid Mechanics

Kamat, Vineet R.

370

The Effect of Annealing at 1500 C on Migration and Release of Ion Implanted Silver in CVD Silicon Carbide  

SciTech Connect

The transport of silver in CVD {beta}-SiC has been studied using ion implantation. Silver ions were implanted in {beta}-SiC using the ATLAS accelerator facility at the Argonne National Laboratory. Ion beams with energies of 93 and 161 MeV were used to achieve deposition with peak concentrations at depths of approximately 9 and 13 {micro}m, respectively. As-implanted samples were then annealed at 1500 C for 210 or 480 hours. XPS, SEM, TEM, STEM, and optical methods were used to analyze the material before and after annealing. Silver concentration profiles were determined using XPS before and after annealing. STEM and SEM equipped with quantitative chemical analysis capability were used to more fully characterize the location and morphology of the silver before and after annealing. The results show that, within the uncertainty of measurement techniques, there is no silver migration, via either inter- or intragrannular paths, for the times and temperature studied. Additionally, the silver was observed to phase separate within the SiC after annealing. The irradiation damage from the implantation process resulted in a three-layer morphology in the as-implanted condition: (1) a layer of unaltered SiC, followed by (2) a layer of crystallized SiC, followed by (3) an amorphized layer which contained essentially all of the implanted silver. After annealing the layer structure changed. Layer 1 was unaltered. The grains in layer 2 recrystallized to form an epitaxial (columnar) layer. Layer 3 recrystallized to form a fine grain equiaxed layer. The results of this work do not support the long held assumption that silver release from CVD SiC, used for gas-reactor coated particle fuel, is dominated by grain boundary diffusion.

HJ MacLean; RG Ballinger; LE Kolaya; SA Simonson; N Lewis; M Hanson

2004-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

371

Space Science Technology Health General Sci-fi & Gaming Oddities International Business Politics Education Entertainment Sports Implant Maps Heart Electrical Activity In  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Education Entertainment Sports Implant Maps Heart Electrical Activity In Unprecedented Detail Posted on of implantable device for measuring the heart's electrical output that they say is a vast improvement over allows for measuring electrical activity with greater resolution in time and space. The new device can

Rogers, John A.

372

Evaluation of the effect of implanted depleted uranium on male reproductive success, sperm concentration, and sperm velocity  

SciTech Connect

Depleted uranium (DU) projectiles have been used in battle in Iraq and the Balkans and will continue to be a significant armor-penetrating munition for the US military. As demonstrated in the Persian Gulf War, battle injury from DU projectiles and shrapnel is a possibility, and removal of embedded DU fragments from the body is not always practical because of their location in the body or their small size. Previous studies in rodents have demonstrated that implanted DU mobilizes and translocates to the gonads, and natural uranium may be toxic to spermatazoa and the male reproductive tract. In this study, the effects of implanted DU pellets on sperm concentration, motility, and male reproductive success were evaluated in adult (P1) Sprague-Dawley rats implanted with 0, 12, or 20, DU pellets of 1x2 mm or 12 or 20 tantalum (Ta) steel pellets of 1x2 mm. Twenty DU pellets of 1x2 mm (760 mg) implanted in a 500-g rat are equal to approximately 0.2 pound of DU in a 154-lb (70-kg) person. Urinary analysis found that male rats implanted with DU were excreting uranium at postimplantation days 27 and 117 with the amount dependent on dose. No deaths or evidence of toxicity occurred in P1 males over the 150-day postimplantation study period. When assessed at postimplantation day 150, the concentration, motion, and velocity of sperm isolated from DU-implanted animals were not significantly different from those of sham surgery controls. Velocity and motion of sperm isolated from rats treated with the positive control compound {alpha}-chlorohydrin were significantly reduced compared with sham surgery controls. There was no evidence of a detrimental effect of DU implantation on mating success at 30-45 days and 120-145 days postimplantation. The results of this study suggest that implantation of up to 20 DU pellets of 1x2 mm in rats for approximately 21% of their adult lifespan does not have an adverse impact on male reproductive success, sperm concentration, or sperm velocity.

Arfsten, Darryl P. [Naval Health Research Center Detachment, Environmental Health Effects Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433 (United States)]. E-mail: darryl.arfsten@wpafb.af.mil; Schaeffer, David J. [Department of Veterinary Biosciences, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61802 (United States); Johnson, Eric W. [Naval Health Research Center Detachment, Environmental Health Effects Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433 (United States); Robert Cunningham, J. [Naval Health Research Center Detachment, Environmental Health Effects Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433 (United States); Still, Kenneth R. [Naval Health Research Center Detachment, Environmental Health Effects Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433 (United States); Wilfong, Erin R. [Naval Health Research Center Detachment, Environmental Health Effects Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433 (United States)

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Strong segregation gettering of transition metals by implantation-formed cavities and boron-silicide precipitates in silicon  

SciTech Connect

We have mechanistically and quantitatively characterized the binding of transition-metal impurities in Si to cavities formed by He implantation and to B-Si precipitates resulting from B implantation. Both sinks are inferred to act by the segregation of metal atoms to pre-existing low-energy sites, namely surface chemisorption sites in the case of cavities and bulk solution sites in the case of the B-Si phase. These gettering processes exhibit large binding energies, and they are predicted to remain active for arbitrarily small initial impurity concentrations as a result of the segregation mechanisms. Both appear promising for gettering in Si devices.

Myers, S.M.; Petersen, G.A.; Follstaedt, D.M.; Headley, T.J. [and others

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

A miniature transformer/dc?dc converter for implantable medical devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a new technique for the design of a miniature dc?dc converter used in energy producing implantable devices such as defibrillators and advanced pacemakers. This converter is inserted in such a device and is used to boost the voltage from a low voltage implanted battery to high voltage energy storage capacitors in a short period of time. The stored energy is then delivered when needed through an energy delivery circuit in order to stimulate or defibrillate the heart. The converter takes the form of a flyback topology which includes a miniature transformer and a specialized control circuit. The transformer was designed using a new numerical synthesis method which utilizes finite elements and dynamic programming for predicting the geometries of the transformers magnetic circuit. The final transformer design satisfied the performance criteria and provided means for selecting the converter components. The obtained performance results for the transformer and the dc?dc converter were in excellent agreement with laboratory performance tests.

Osama A. Mohammed; W. Kinzy Jones

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Field emission from gadolinium silicide prepared by ion implantation with electron beam annealing  

SciTech Connect

A silicon-based field emission cathode, the rare earth silicide GdSi{sub 2} was prepared by implanting Gd ions into silicon using a metal vapor vacuum arc ion source and subsequently annealed by electron beam. For as-implanted samples, turn-on field was about 21 V/{mu}m at a current density of 1 {mu}A/cm{sup 2} and a field emission current density of 1 mA/cm{sup 2} was reached at an applied field of 34 V/{mu}m. After annealing, the turn-on field could be as low as 9 V/{mu}m and the current density of 1 mA/cm{sup 2} can be reached at an applied field of 14 V/{mu}m. X-ray diffraction with x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses and atomic force microscopy were used to characterize microstructure changes of the samples. The results showed that these excellent field emission characteristics were attributed to the GdSi{sub 2} compounds formed in the samples. The field emission mechanism was discussed in terms of Fowler-Nordheim (FN) theory. It was found that FN plots could be divided into two segments obviously, and this was perhaps because of the thermal effect in the process of field emission.

Duan, H. G.; Xie, E. Q.; Ye, F. [School of Physical Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

Ion implantation effects in insulators and the long-term stability of radioactive waste storage materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most insulator materials so far proposed for storing high-level radioactive wastes, such as glass and and the constituent minerals of ceramics are nuclear track detectors. Lead ion implantation experiments show that such materials should be transformed into giant nuclear tracks, when the internal fluence of heavy recoils emitted during the ?-decay of actinide elements stored in them exceeds a critical value, which corresponds to an equivalent storage period of a few thousand years for the wastes expected from a pressurized water reactor. In contrast, actinide bearing minerals are much more stable against ?-recoil damage. As nuclear tracks are extremely chemical reactive, ?-recoil damage is expected to shorten the lifetime of storage materials such as glass and ceramics against dissolution in ground waters. Fortunately new nuclear track concepts are already yielding guidelines for predicting and improving the long-term stability of storage materials. The results of the present studies also bear on the physics of ion implantation phenomena an insulator targets exposed to high fluences of low energy ions.

J.C. Dran; Y. Langevin; M. Maurette; J.C. Petit; B. Vassent

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Synthesis of few-layered graphene by ion implantation of carbon in nickel thin films This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthesis of few-layered graphene by ion implantation of carbon in nickel thin films This article.1088/0957-4484/22/8/085601 Synthesis of few-layered graphene by ion implantation of carbon in nickel thin films Laurent Baraton1/085601 Abstract The synthesis of few-layered graphene is performed by ion implantation of carbon species in thin

Boyer, Edmond

378

Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 58 (1999) 199}208 The behaviour of Na implanted into Mo thin "lms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 58 (1999) 199}208 The behaviour of Na implanted into Mo thin, As ngstro( m Solar Center, P.O. Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala, Sweden Department of Materials Science Mo thin "lms used as back contacts for Cu(In,Ga)Se solar cells. The samples were analysed

Rockett, Angus

379

104 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 31, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2003 Modeling Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ion Implantation Under Trapezoidal Voltage Pulses Joaquim José Barroso, Jóse Osvaldo Rossi, and Mário Research, S.J. Campos, SP 12201-970, Brazil (e-mail: barroso@plasma.inpe.br). Digital Object Identifier 10

380

Guidage et commande de machines de chantier De l'implantation statique celle cinmatique Werner Stempfhuber et Hilmar Ingensand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guidage et commande de machines de chantier ­ De l'implantation statique à celle cinématique Werner Stempfhuber et Hilmar Ingensand Résumé La problématique du guidage et de la commande de machines de chantier collaboration avec les disciplines spécifiques de la construction de machines, de la cybernétique et le

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Precipitation in Fe-or Ni-implanted and annealed GaAs J. C. P. Changa)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Materials Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 E. S. Harmon, M. R. Melloch, and J. M. Woodall School of Electrical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907/semiconductor composites by ion implantation of Fe and Ni into GaAs and a subsequent anneal to nucleate clusters. Electron

Woodall, Jerry M.

382

The biological seal of the implantsoft tissue interface evaluated in a tissue-engineered oral mucosal model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...single cell, measuring approximately...only at the interface but also in...implant-soft tissue interface have been based...vitro three-dimensional OMM was used...the Ti-OME interface. Permeability...using a three-dimensional OMM. The four...constructed using a standard protocol, this...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Remote Sensing and In-Situ Observations of Arctic Mixed-Phase and Cirrus Clouds Acquired During Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Uninhabited Aerospace Vehicle Participation  

SciTech Connect

The Atmospheric Radiation Monitor (ARM) uninhabited aerospace vehicle (UAV) program aims to develop measurement techniques and instruments suitable for a new class of high altitude, long endurance UAVs while supporting the climate community with valuable data sets. Using the Scaled Composites Proteus aircraft, ARM UAV participated in Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (M-PACE), obtaining unique data to help understand the interaction of clouds with solar and infrared radiation. Many measurements obtained using the Proteus were coincident with in-situ observations made by the UND Citation. Data from M-PACE are needed to understand interactions between clouds, the atmosphere and ocean in the Arctic, critical interactions given large-scale models suggest enhanced warming compared to lower latitudes is occurring.

McFarquhar, G.M.; Freer, M.; Um, J.; McCoy, R.; Bolton, W.

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

384

A comparison of implantation methods for large PIT tags or injectable acoustic transmitters in juvenile Chinook salmon  

SciTech Connect

The miniaturization of acoustic transmitters may allow greater flexibility in terms of the size and species of fish available to tag. New downsized injectable acoustic tags similar in shape to passive integrated transponder tags can be rapidly injected rather than surgically implanted through a sutured incision, as is current practice. Before wide-scale field use of these injectable transmitters, standard protocols to ensure the most effective and least damaging methods of implantation must be developed. Three implantation methods were tested in various sizes of juvenile Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tschawytscha. Methods included a needle bevel-down injection, a needle bevel-up injection with a 90-degree rotation, and tag implantation through an unsutured incision. Tagged fish were compared to untagged control groups. Weight and wound area were measured at tagging and every week for 3 weeks; holding tanks were checked daily for mortalities and tag losses. No differences among treatments were found in growth, tag loss, or survival, but wound area was significantly reduced among incision-treated fish. The bevel-up injection had the worst results in terms of tag loss and wound area and also had high mortality. Implantation through an incision resulted in the lowest tag loss but the highest mortality. Fish from the bevel-down treatment group had the least mortality; wound areas also were smaller than the bevel-up treatment group. Cumulatively, the data suggest that the unsutured incision and bevel-down injection methods were the most effective; the drawbacks of both methods are described in detail. However, we further recommend larger and longer studies to find more robust thresholds for tagging size that include more sensitive measures.

Cook, Katrina V.; Brown, Richard S.; Deng, Zhiqun; Klett, Ryan S.; Li, Huidong; Seaburg, Adam; Eppard, M. B.

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Impurity gettering in silicon using cavities formed by helium implantation and annealing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Impurity gettering in silicon wafers is achieved by a new process consisting of helium ion implantation followed by annealing. This treatment creates cavities whose internal surfaces are highly chemically reactive due to the presence of numerous silicon dangling bonds. For two representative transition-metal impurities, copper and nickel, the binding energies at cavities were demonstrated to be larger than the binding energies in precipitates of metal silicide, which constitutes the basis of most current impurity gettering. As a result the residual concentration of such impurities after cavity gettering is smaller by several orders of magnitude than after precipitation gettering. Additionally, cavity gettering is effective regardless of the starting impurity concentration in the wafer, whereas precipitation gettering ceases when the impurity concentration reaches a characteristic solubility determined by the equilibrium phase diagram of the silicon-metal system. The strong cavity gettering was shown to induce dissolution of metal-silicide particles from the opposite side of a wafer. 4 figs.

Myers, S.M. Jr.; Bishop, D.M.; Follstaedt, D.M.

1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

386

N-type doping of Ge by As implantation and excimer laser annealing  

SciTech Connect

The diffusion and activation of arsenic implanted into germanium at 40?keV with maximum concentrations below and above the solid solubility (8??10{sup 19}?cm{sup ?3}) have been studied, both experimentally and theoretically, after excimer laser annealing (??=?308?nm) in the melting regime with different laser energy densities and single or multiple pulses. Arsenic is observed to diffuse similarly for different fluences with no out-diffusion and no formation of pile-up at the maximum melt depth. The diffusion profiles have been satisfactorily simulated by assuming two diffusivity states of As in the molten Ge and a non-equilibrium segregation at the maximum melt depth. The electrical activation is partial and decreases with increasing the chemical concentration with a saturation of the active concentration at 1??10{sup 20}?cm{sup ?3}, which represents a new record for the As-doped Ge system.

Milazzo, R.; Napolitani, E., E-mail: enrico.napolitani@unipd.it; De Salvador, D.; Mastromatteo, M.; Carnera, A. [CNR-IMM MATIS and Dipartimento di Fisica Astronomia, Universit di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Impellizzeri, G.; Boninelli, S.; Priolo, F.; Privitera, V. [CNR-IMM MATIS and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universit di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy); Fisicaro, G.; Italia, M.; La Magna, A. [CNR-IMM, Z.I. VIII Strada 5, 95121 Catania (Italy); Cuscun, M.; Fortunato, G. [CNR-IMM, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Roma (Italy)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

387

Metal gettering by boron-silicide precipitates in boron-implanted silicon  

SciTech Connect

We show that Fe, Co, Cu, and Au impurities in Si are strongly gettered to boron-silicide precipitates formed by supersaturation B implantation and annealing. Effective binding free energies relative to interstitial solution range form somewhat above 1 to more than 2 eV. The B-Si precipitates formed at temperatures {le}1100{degrees}C lack long range structural order but closely resemble and icosahedral B{sub 3}Si phase in composition, local bonding, and chemical potential. Evidence indicates that the metal atoms go into solution in the B-Si phase, and this is interpreted in terms of the novel bonding and structural characteristics of B-rich icosahedral compounds.

Myers, S.M.; Petersen, G.A.; Headley, T.J.; Michael, J.R.; Aselage, T.A.; Seager, C.H.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Electrical activation and spin coherence of ultra low doseantimony implants in silicon  

SciTech Connect

We implanted ultra low doses (0.2 to 2 x 10{sup 11} cm{sup -2}) of Sb ions into isotopically enriched {sup 28}Si, and probed electrical activation and electron spin relaxation after rapid thermal annealing. Strong segregation of dopants towards both Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} and SiO{sub 2} interfaces limits electrical activation. Pulsed Electron Spin Resonance shows that spin echo decay is sensitive to the dopant profiles, and the interface quality. A spin decoherence time, T{sub 2}, of 1.5 ms is found for profiles peaking 25 nm below a Si/SiO{sub 2} interface, increasing to 2.1 ms when the surface is passivated with hydrogen. These measurements provide benchmark data for the development of devices in which quantum information is encoded in donor electron spins.

Schenkel, T.; Tyryshkin, A.M.; de Sousa, R.; Whaley, K.B.; Bokor,J.; Liddle, J.A.; Persaud, A.; Shangkuan, J.; Chakarov, I.; Lyon, S.A.

2005-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

389

Comparison Between Simulated And Experimental Au-ion Profiles Implanted in nanocrystalline ceria  

SciTech Connect

Radiation response of nanocrystalline ceria films deposited on a silicon substrate was investigated under a 3-MeV Au-ion irradiation at 300 K. A uniform grain growth cross the ceria films is observed and effective densification of the ceria thin films occurs during irradiation. The Au ion profiling was measured by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and compared to the Au ion distribution predicted by the Stopping and Range of Ions in Solids (SRIM) code. It is observed that the Au-ion penetration depth is underestimated in comparison with the SIMS measurements. An overestimation of the electronic stopping power for heavy incident ions in the SRIM program may account for the discrepancies between the calculations and the SIMS experimental results. This work presents an approach to compensate the overestimation of the electronic stopping powers in the SRIM program by adjusting the nanocrystalline ceria target density to better predict the ion implantation profile.

Moll, Sandra J.; Zhang, Yanwen; Zhu, Zihua; Edmondson, Philip D.; Namavar, Fereydoon; Weber, William J.

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

Controlling the degradation rate of bioactive magnesium implants by electrophoretic deposition of akermanite coating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In order to improve the corrosion resistance and the surface bioactivity of biodegradable magnesium alloys, a nanostructured akermanite (Ca2MgSi2O7) coating was grown on AZ91 magnesium alloy through electrophoretic deposition (EPD) assisted with micro arc oxidation (MAO) method. The crystalline structures, morphologies and compositions of samples were characterized by Xray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy. The in vitro biocorrosion (biodegradability) and bioactivity behaviors of samples were investigated by electrochemical and immersion tests. The experimental results indicated that the nanostructured akermanite coating could slow down the corrosion rate and improve the in vitro bioactivity of biodegradable magnesium alloy. Thus, magnesium alloy coated with nanostructured akermanite may be a promising candidate to be used as biodegradable bone implants.

Mehdi Razavi; Mohammadhossein Fathi; Omid Savabi; Seyed Mohammad Razavi; Batoul Hashemi Beni; Daryoosh Vashaee; Lobat Tayebi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Physical properties of erbium implanted tungsten oxide filmsdeposited by reactive dual magnetron sputtering  

SciTech Connect

Amorphous and partially crystalline WO3 thin films wereprepared by reactive dual magnetron sputtering and successively implantedby erbium ions with a fluence in the range from 7.7 x 1014 to 5 x 1015ions/cm2. The electrical and optical properties were studied as afunction of the film deposition parameters and the ion fluence. Ionimplantation caused a strong decrease of the resistivity, a moderatedecrease of the index of refraction and a moderate increase of theextinction coefficient in the visible and near infrared, while theoptical band gap remained almost unchanged. These effects could belargely ascribed to ion-induced oxygen deficiency. When annealed in air,the already low resistivities of the implanted samples decreased furtherup to 70oC, whereas oxidation, and hence a strong increase of theresistivity, was observed at higher annealing temperatures.

Mohamed, Sodky H.; Anders, Andre

2006-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

392

An experiment on the dynamics of ion implantation and sputtering of surfaces  

SciTech Connect

A major impediment towards a better understanding of the complex plasma-surface interaction is the limited diagnostic access to the material surface while it is undergoing plasma exposure. The Dynamics of ION Implantation and Sputtering Of Surfaces (DIONISOS) experiment overcomes this limitation by uniquely combining powerful, non-perturbing ion beam analysis techniques with a steady-state helicon plasma exposure chamber, allowing for real-time, depth-resolved in situ measurements of material compositions during plasma exposure. Design solutions are described that provide compatibility between the ion beam analysis requirements in the presence of a high-intensity helicon plasma. The three primary ion beam analysis techniques, Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy, elastic recoil detection, and nuclear reaction analysis, are successfully implemented on targets during plasma exposure in DIONISOS. These techniques measure parameters of interest for plasma-material interactions such as erosion/deposition rates of materials and the concentration of plasma fuel species in the material surface.

Wright, G. M.; Barnard, H. A.; Kesler, L. A.; Peterson, E. E.; Stahle, P. W.; Sullivan, R. M.; Whyte, D. G.; Woller, K. B. [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, MIT, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)] [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, MIT, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

Nanoporosity induced by ion implantation in deposited amorphous Ge thin films  

SciTech Connect

The formation of a nano-porous structure in amorphous Ge thin film (sputter-deposited on SiO{sub 2}) during ion irradiation at room temperature with 300 keV Ge{sup +} has been observed. The porous film showed a sponge-like structure substantially different from the columnar structure reported for ion implanted bulk Ge. The voids size and structure resulted to be strongly affected by the material preparation, while the volume expansion turned out to be determined only by the nuclear deposition energy. In SiGe alloys, the swelling occurs only if the Ge concentration is above 90%. These findings rely on peculiar characteristics related to the mechanism of voids nucleation and growth, but they are crucial for future applications of active nanostructured layers such as low cost chemical and biochemical sensing devices or electrodes in batteries.

Romano, L.; Impellizzeri, G.; Ruffino, F.; Miritello, M.; Grimaldi, M. G. [IMM-CNR MATIS and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, I-95123 Catania (Italy); Bosco, L. [Scuola Superiore di Catania, Via Valdisavoia 9, I-95123 Catania (Italy)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Bridge-to-bridge conversion from Nipro-LVAS to EVAHEART implantable LVAS in a patient with severe acute myocardial infarction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Designated in 2007 as medical devices in high demand, the two major implantable mechanical hearts, DuraHeart (Terumo Heart, Ann Arbor, MI, USA) and EVAHEART (Sun Medical Technology Research, Nagano, Japan) s...

Masao Yoshitatsu; Takafumi Masai; Junya Yokoyama

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Annealing of the radiation damage in Mg-implanted GaN thin films: Temperature development of lattice parameters and stresses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Heteroepitaxial GaN thin films implanted with Mg ions with a concentration of 1.3נ1019 cm?3 are analyzed using in-situ X-ray diffraction in the temperature range of 20700 C. The temperature dependence of unstressed lattice parameters and stresses in the implanted films is evaluated and compared with the results from a virgin GaN thin film. The measurements indicate that the annealing of the radiation damage in the implanted GaN is accompanied by a unique temperature hysteresis of the GaN structural characteristics and the main part of the radiation damage is removed during heating in the temperature range of 100300 C. The temperature of 1620 C is extrapolated as an important annealing limit in order to significantly decrease implantation-induced disorder in the films.

J. Keckes; A. Wenzel; J.W. Gerlach; B. Rauschenbach

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Study of the effects of MeV Ag, Cu, Au, and Sn implantation on the optical properties of LiNbO{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect

The authors present the results of characterization of linear absorption and nonlinear refractive index of Au, Ag, Cu and Sn ion implantation into LiNbO{sub 3}. Ag was implanted at 1.5 MeV to fluences of 2 to 17 {times} 10 {sup 16}/cm{sup 2} at room temperature. Au and Cu were implanted to fluences of 5 to 20 {times} 10{sup 16}/cm{sup 2} at an energy of 2.0 MeV. Sn was implanted to a fluence of 1.6 {times} 10{sup 17}/cm{sup 2} at 160 kV. Optical absorption spectrometry indicated an absorption peak for the Au implanted samples after heat treatment at 1,000 C at 620 nm. The Ag implanted samples absorption peaks shifted from 450 nm before heat treatment to 550 nm after 500 C for 1h. Heat treatment at 800 C returned the Ag implanted crystals to a clear state. Cu nanocluster absorption peaks disappears at 500 C. No Sn clusters were observed by optical absorption or XRD. The size of the Ag and Au clusters as a function of heat treatment were determined from the absorption peaks. The Ag clusters did not change appreciably in size with heat treatment. The Au clusters increased from 3 to 9 nm diameter upon heat treatment at 1000 deg C. TEM analysis performed on a Au implanted crystal indicated the formation of Au nanocrystals with facets normal to the c-axis. Measurements of the nonlinear refractive indices were carried out using the Z-scan method with a tunable dye laser pumped by a frequency doubled mode-locked Nd:YAG laser. The dye laser had a 4.5 ps pulse duration time and 76 MHz pulse repetition rate (575 nm).

Williams, E.K.; Ila, D.; Sarkisov, S.; Curley, M. [Alabama A and M Univ., Normal, AL (United States); Poker, D.B.; Hensley, D.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Borel, C. [Univ. Claude Bernard, Lyon (France)

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Developmental defects and genomic instability after x-irradiation of wild-type and genetically modified mouse pre-implantation and early post-implantation embryos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results obtained from the end of the 1950s suggested that ionizing radiation could induce foetal malformations in some mouse strains when administered during early pre-implantation stages. Starting in 1989, data obtained in Germany also showed that radiation exposure during that period could lead to a genomic instability in the surviving foetuses. Furthermore, the same group reported that both malformations and genomic instability could be transmitted to the next generation foetuses after exposure of zygotes to relatively high doses of radiation. As such results were of concern for radiation protection, we investigated this in more detail during recent years, using mice with varying genetic backgrounds including mice heterozygous for mutations involved in important cellular processes like DNA repair, cell cycle regulation or apoptosis. The main parameters which were investigated included morphological development, genomic instability and gene expression in the irradiated embryos or their own progeny. The aim of this review is to critically reassess the results obtained in that field in the different laboratories and to try to draw general conclusions on the risks of developmental defects and genomic instability from an exposure of early embryos to moderate doses of ionizing radiation. Altogether and in the range of doses normally used in diagnostic radiology, the risk of induction of embryonic death and of congenital malformation following the irradiation of a newly fertilised egg is certainly very low when compared to the 'spontaneous' risks for such effects. Similarly, the risk of radiation induction of a genomic instability under such circumstances seems to be very small. However, this is not a reason to not apply some precaution principles when possible. One way of doing this is to restrict the use of higher dose examinations on all potentially pregnant women to the first ten days of their menstrual cycle when conception is very unlikely to have occurred (the so-called ten-day rule), as already recommended by the Health Protection Agency. Such a precautionary attitude would also be supported by the uncertainties associated with later changes in gene expression which might result from irradiation or early embryos with moderate doses.

P Jacquet

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Tunneling oxide engineering by ion implantation of nitrogen for 3D vertical silicon pillar SONOS flash memory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electrical characteristics of silicon-oxide-nitride-oxide-silicon (SONOS) flash memory with a 3D vertical silicon pillar structure were studied. As an alternative method for the formation of the tunneling oxide, nitrogen ion implantation was applied to thermally grown pure silicon dioxide with a low energy (5keV). The devices show significant improvement in the erase characteristics compared to conventional tunneling oxide. Secondary ion mass spectrometry was used to analyze the nitrogen distribution within tunnel oxide, and the improved erase properties can be attributed to the incorporation of about 4.8% nitrogen (2נ1021atoms/cm3) into the tunnel oxide formed by nitrogen ion implantation.

Jae-Sub Oh; Seong-Dong Yang; Sang-Youl Lee; Young-Su Kim; Min-Ho Kang; Sung-Kyu Lim; Hi-Deok Lee; Ga-Won Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation with a 4kV/10kHz Compact High Voltage Pulser  

SciTech Connect

Development of a 4 kV/10 kHz Compact High Voltage Pulser and its application to nitrogen plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) of different materials as Si, Al alloys, SS304 stainless steel and Ti alloys are discussed. Low voltage (1-5 kV) pulses at high frequencies (up to 20 kHz for 2 kV) were obtained with maximum power delivered at 5 kV, 7 kHz. These conditions were not sufficient to reach temperatures above 200 deg. C in the samples because of short duration of the pulses. However, very shallow implantations of nitrogen in Si, Al5052, SS304 were observed by Auger electron spectroscopy and improved corrosion resistance was obtained for Al5052 when it was treated by nitrogen PIII at 2.5 kV, 5{mu}s and 5 kHz pulses.

Ueda, M.; Oliveira, R. M.; Rossi, J. O. [Associated Laboratory of Plasma, National Institute for Space Research, Av. dos Astronautas 1758, Sao Jose dos Campos, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Reuther, H. [Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Silva, G. [Associated Laboratory of Plasma, National Institute for Space Research, Av. dos Astronautas 1758, Sao Jose dos Campos, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Department of Aeronautics and Mechanics, Technological Institute of Aeronautics, Sao Jose dos Campos, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

2006-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

400

High power impulse magnetron sputtering and related discharges: scalable plasma sources for plasma-based ion implantation and deposition  

SciTech Connect

High power impulse magnetron sputtering (HIPIMS) and related self-sputtering techniques are reviewed from a viewpoint of plasma-based ion implantation and deposition (PBII&D). HIPIMS combines the classical, scalable sputtering technology with pulsed power, which is an elegant way of ionizing the sputtered atoms. Related approaches, such as sustained self-sputtering, are also considered. The resulting intense flux of ions to the substrate consists of a mixture of metal and gas ions when using a process gas, or of metal ions only when using `gasless? or pure self-sputtering. In many respects, processing with HIPIMS plasmas is similar to processing with filtered cathodic arc plasmas, though the former is easier to scale to large areas. Both ion implantation and etching (high bias voltage, without deposition) and thin film deposition (low bias, or bias of low duty cycle) have been demonstrated.

Anders, Andre

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Wear Measurement of Highly Cross-linked UHMWPE using a 7Be Tracer Implantation Technique  

SciTech Connect

The very low wear rates achieved with the current highly cross-linked ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylenes (UHMWPE) used in joint prostheses have proven to be difficult to measure accurately by gravimetry. Tracer methods are there- fore being explored. The purpose of this study was to perform a proof-of-concept experiment on the use of the radioactive tracer beryllium-7 (7Be) for the determination of in vitro wear in a highly cross-linked orthopedic UHMWPE. Three cross-linked and four conventional UHMWPE pins made from compression- molded GUR 1050, were activated with 109 to 1010 7Be nuclei using a new implantation setup that produced a homogenous distribution of implanted nuclei up to 8.5 lm below the surface. The pins were tested for wear in a six-station pin-on-flat appara- tus for up to 7.1 million cycles (178 km). A Germanium gamma detector was employed to determine activity loss of the UHMWPE pins at preset intervals during the wear test. The wear of the cross-linked UHMWPE pins was readily detected and esti- mated to be 17 6 3 lg per million cycles. The conventional-to- cross-linked ratio of the wear rates was 13.1 6 0.8, in the expected range for these materials. Oxidative degradation dam- age from implantation was negligible; however, a weak depend- ence of wear on implantation dose was observed limiting the number of radioactive tracer atoms that can be introduced. Future applications of this tracer technology may include the analysis of location-specific wear, such as loss of material in the post or backside of a tibial insert.

Wimmer, Markus A. [Rush Uniiv. Medical Center; Laurent, Michael P. [Rush Univ. Medical Center; Dwivedi, Yasha [Rush Univ. Medical Center; Gallardo, Luis A. [Rush Univ. Medical Center; Chipps, K. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Blackmon, Jeffery C [Louisiana State University; Kozub, R. L. [Tennessee Technological University; Bardayan, Daniel W [ORNL; Gross, Carl J [ORNL; Stracener, Daniel W [ORNL; Smith, Michael Scott [ORNL; Nesaraja, Caroline D [ORNL; Erikson, Luke [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Patel, Nidhi [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Rehm, Karl E. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Ahmad, Irshad [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Greene, John P. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Greife, Uwe [Colorado School of Mines, Golden

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Note: An ion source for alkali metal implantation beneath graphene and hexagonal boron nitride monolayers on transition metals  

SciTech Connect

The construction of an alkali-metal ion source is presented. It allows the acceleration of rubidium ions to an energy that enables the penetration through monolayers of graphene and hexagonal boron nitride. Rb atoms are sublimated from an alkali-metal dispenser. The ionization is obtained by surface ionization and desorption from a hot high work function surface. The ion current is easily controlled by the temperature of ionizer. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy measurements confirm ion implantation.

Lima, L. H. de [Instituto de Fsica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859, Campinas, SP (Brazil)] [Instituto de Fsica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859, Campinas, SP (Brazil); Cun, H. Y.; Hemmi, A.; Klin, T.; Greber, T. [Physik-Institut, Universitt Zrich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zrich (Switzerland)] [Physik-Institut, Universitt Zrich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zrich (Switzerland)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

Surface analysis of Zircaloy-2 implanted with carbon before and after oxidation in air at 500 C  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Zircaloy-2 specimens were implanted with carbon ions in the fluence range from 1נ1016 to 1נ1018 ions/cm2, using a MEVVA source at an extraction voltage of 40 kV at a maximum temperature of 380 C. The valences and depth profiles of elements in the implanted surface of Zircaloy-2 were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Auger electron spectroscopy, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy was used to examine the micro-morphology of samples. The color of the oxidized samples was checked with an optical scanner. Glancing-angle X-ray diffraction at 0.3 incident angles was employed to examine the phase transformations of implanted samples before and after oxidation in the air at 500 C for 2 h. Before oxidation, at fluences less than 5נ1016 ions/cm2, hexagonal zirconia (H-ZrO0.35) was present. At a fluence of 1נ1017 ions/cm2, rhombohedral zirconia (R-Zr3O) appeared. When the fluence reached 1נ1018 ions/cm2, cubic zirconium carbide was produced. There are many pits, both deep and shallow, in the sample surfaces, both prior to oxidation and after oxidation. Oxidation in the air at 500 C gave rise to black surfaces on all samples. The X-ray diffraction results showed that monoclinic and tetragonal zirconia were present in the surface of as-received sample. For implanted samples, monoclinic and tetragonal zirconia are still present, while cubic zirconium carbide is produced at all fluences. The presence of ZrC is attributed to the high-temperature, long-time (2 h) exposure.

D.Q. Peng; X.D. Bai; F. Pan; H. Sun; B.S. Chen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Method for enhancing growth of SiO.sub.2 in Si by the implantation of germanium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for enhancing the conversion of Si to SiO.sub.2 in a directional fashion wherein steam or wet oxidation of Si is enhanced by the prior implantation of Ge into the Si. The unique advantages of the Ge impurity include the directional enhancement of oxidation and the reduction in thermal budget, while at the same time, Ge is an electrically inactive impurity.

Holland, Orin W. (Oak Ridge, TN); Fathy, Dariush (Knoxville, TN); White, Clark W. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1990-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

405

Doping and isolation of GaN, InGaN and InAlN using ion implantation  

SciTech Connect

Both n- and p-type doping have been achieved in GaN using Si{sup +} or Mg{sup +}/P{sup +} implantation, respectively, followed annealing at {ge} 1050{degrees}C. Using proximity rapid thermal annealing (10sec) the GaN surface retains both smooth morphology and its original stoichiometry. Variable temperature Hall measurements reveal approximate energy levels of 62meV for the implanted Si and 171meV for the Mg, which are similar to their values in epitaxially grown GaN. Implant isolation of both n- and p-type GaN, and n-type In{sub 0.75}Al{sub 0.25}N with multiple energy inert species (e.g. N{sup +} or F{sup +}) produces high resistivity ({ge}10{sup 8}{omega}/{open_square}) after subsequent annealing in the range 600-700{degrees}C. Smaller increases in sheet resistance are observed for In{sub x}Ga{sup 1-x}N (x=0.33-0.75) under the same conditions due to the smaller energy bandgaps and the shallower energy levels of the damage-related states controlling the resistivity.

Pearton, S.J.; Vartuli, C.B.; Abernathy, C.R. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)] [and others

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Performance Assessment of Suture Type, Water Temperature, and Surgeon Skill in Juvenile Chinook Salmon Surgically Implanted with Acoustic Transmitters  

SciTech Connect

Size reductions of acoustic transmitters implanted in migrating juvenile salmonids have resulted in the use of a shorter incision - one that may warrant only one suture for closure. However, it is not known if a single suture will sufficiently hold the incision closed when fish are decompressed and outward pressure is placed on the surgical site during passage of hydroelectric dams. The objectives of this study were to evaluate five response variables in juvenile Chinook salmon subjected to simulated turbine passage. Fish were implanted with an acoustic transmitter (0.43 g in air) and a passive integrated transponder tag (0.10 g in air); incisions (6 mm) were closed with either one or two sutures. Following exposure, no transmitters were expelled. In addition, suture and incision tearing and mortal injury did not differ between treatment and control fish. Viscera expulsion was higher in treatment (12%) than control (1%) fish. The higher incidence of viscera expulsion through single-suture incisions warrants concern. Consequently, the authors do not recommend using one suture to close 6-mm incisions associated with acoustic transmitter implantation when juvenile salmonids may be exposed to turbine passage.

Deters, Katherine A.; Brown, Richard S.; Carter, Kathleen M.; Boyd, James W.; Eppard, M. B.; Seaburg, Adam

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide  

SciTech Connect

As a candidate material for fusion reactor applications, silicon carbide (SiC) undergoes transmutation reactions under high-energy neutron irradiation with magnesium as the major metallic transmutant; the others include aluminum, beryllium and phosphorus in addition to helium and hydrogen gaseous species. The impact of these transmutants on SiC structural stability is currently unknown. This study uses ion implantation to introduce Mg into SiC. Multiaxial ion-channeling analysis of the as-produced damage state suggests that there are preferred Si <100> interstitial splits. The microstructure of the annealed sample was examined using high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy. The results show a high concentration of likely non-faulted tetrahedral voids and possible stacking fault tetrahedra near the damage peak. In addition to lattice distortion, dislocations and intrinsic and extrinsic stacking faults are also observed. Magnesium in 3C-SiC prefers to substitute for Si and it forms precipitates of cubic Mg2Si and tetragonal MgC2. The diffusion coefficient of Mg in 3C-SiC single crystal at 1573 K has been determined to be 3.80.410e-19 m2/sec.

Jiang, Weilin; Jung, Hee Joon; Kovarik, Libor; Wang, Zhaoying; Roosendaal, Timothy J.; Zhu, Zihua; Edwards, Danny J.; Hu, Shenyang Y.; Henager, Charles H.; Kurtz, Richard J.; Wang, Yongqiang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Magnetoresistance in Mn ion-implanted GaAs:Zn nanowires  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated the magnetoresistance (MR) in a series of Zn doped (p-type) GaAs nanowires implanted with different Mn concentrations. The nanowires with the lowest Mn concentration (?0.0001%) exhibit a low resistance of a few k? at 300?K and a 4% positive MR at 1.6?K, which can be well described by invoking a spin-split subband model. In contrast, nanowires with the highest Mn concentration (4%) display a large resistance of several M? at 300?K and a large negative MR of 85% at 1.6?K. The large negative MR is interpreted in terms of spin-dependent hopping in a complex magnetic nanowire landscape of magnetic polarons, separated by intermediate regions of Mn impurity spins. Sweeping the magnetic field back and forth for the 4% sample reveals a hysteresis that indicates the presence of a weak ferromagnetic phase. We propose co-doping with Zn to be a promising way to reach the goal of realizing ferromagnetic Ga{sub 1?x}Mn{sub x}As nanowires for future nanospintronics.

Paschoal, W.; Kumar, Sandeep; Jain, V.; Pettersson, H., E-mail: hakan.pettersson@hh.se [Solid State Physics/The Nanometer Structure Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund (Sweden); Department of Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering, Halmstad University, Box 823, SE-301 18, Halmstad (Sweden); Jacobsson, D.; Samuelson, L. [Solid State Physics/The Nanometer Structure Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund (Sweden); Johannes, A.; Ronning, C. [Institute for Solid State Physics, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743 Jena (Germany); Canali, C. M.; Pertsova, A. [Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering, Linneaus University, SE-39233 Kalmar (Sweden); Dick, K. A. [Solid State Physics/The Nanometer Structure Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund (Sweden); Center for Analysis and Synthesis, Lund University, Box 124, S-221 00 Lund (Sweden)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

409

Binding of copper and nickel to cavities in silicon formed by helium ion implantation  

SciTech Connect

Cavities formed in Si by He ion implantation and annealing are shown to be strong traps for Cu and Ni impurities. Experiments utilizing ion-beam analysis and transmission electron microscopy indicate that Cu is trapped at the internal surfaces of cavities up to {approximately}1 monolayer coverage with a binding energy of 2.2{plus_minus}0.2 eV relative to solution. This is greater than the heat of solution from the precipitated Cu{sub 3}Si phase, determined to be 1.7 eV in agreement with earlier work. Copper at cavity-wall sites is reversibly replaced by H during heating in H{sub 2} gas, indicating the relative stability of the two surface terminations. Initial results for Ni impurities indicate that trapping at cavities is again energetically preferred to silicide formation. The saturation coverage of Ni on the internal surfaces, however, is an order of magnitude smaller for Ni than Cu, consistent with published studies of external-surface adsorption. These results suggest that cavity trapping may getter metallic impurities in Si more effectively than methods based on silicide precipitation.

Myers, S.M.; Follstaedt, D.M.; Bishop, D.M.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Rsultats long terme de limplantation phaque de chambre postrieure pour la correction des amtropies fortes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

RsumObjectif valuer lefficacit, la stabilit et la scurit de limplantation phaque de chambre postrieure laide de limplant Visian ICL STAAR dans le traitement des amtropies fortes avec un recul moyen de cinq ans (de 3,5 dix ans). Patients et mthodes Nous avons ralis une tude rtrospective monocentrique portant sur 90yeux de 53patients amtropes forts (45myopes, dix hypermtropes, 35prsentant un astigmatisme combin) oprs par un seul chirurgien, en utilisant principalement le modle ICL V4 (87yeux). Nous avons valu en pr- et postopratoire les principaux critres defficacit rfractive, la densit cellulaire endothliale, lopacification cristallinienne et les dimensions des diffrents compartiments intraoculaires. Rsultats Lacuit visuelle sans correction moyenne atteint 0,77au 12emois postopratoire; 17des 90yeux ont bnfici dun traitement photoablatif complmentaire pour astigmatisme rsiduel. Quarante-huit pour cent des yeux implants ont gagn au moins une ligne de meilleure acuit visuelle corrige. Aprs limplantation, la diminution de la densit cellulaire endothliale est reste stable 0,69%/an, et 91% des yeux nont pas prsent dopacification cristallinienne. Les distances moyennes endothlium/ICL et ICL/cristallin ont respectivement t mesures 2,41mm et 0,52mm. Enfin, le niveau de satisfaction des patients atteints 96% au 36emois postopratoire. Conclusion Les rsultats sont en faveur de lefficacit, la stabilit et la scurit de limplant phaque ICL V4dans le traitement des amtropies fortes. Le suivi au long cours na pas mis en vidence daugmentation significative dincidence de cataracte dans les yeux oprs. SummaryPurpose To assess efficacy, stability and safety of posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens implantation with STAAR Visian ICL for correction of high ametropia, with a mean follow-up of 5years (3.510years). Patients and methods Ninety eyes of 53 highly ametropic patients (45 myopia, ten hyperopia and 35 with mixed astigmatism) were included in a retrospective single-surgeon study, using primarily the V4 ICL model (87 eyes). We studied pre- and postoperative refractive efficacy, endothelial cell density, crystalline lens opacification and intraocular clearances within the various compartments of the eye. Results Mean uncorrected visual acuity was 0.77 at the 12th postoperative month; 17 of 90 eyes required adjunctive photoablation for residual astigmatism. Forty-eight percent of eyes gained at least one line of best corrected visual acuity. After implantation, the decrease in endothelial cell density remained stable at 0.69%/year, and 91% of eyes showed no opacification of the crystalline lens. Mean endothelium-ICL and ICL-crystalline lens distances were 2.41mm and 0.52mm respectively. Overall patient satisfaction achieved was 96% at 36months postoperatively. Discussion and conclusion These results demonstrate efficacy, stability and safety of the ICL V4 phakic IOL for the correction of high ametropia. Long-term follow-up did not show a significant increase in cataract formation in implanted eyes.

M. Le Loir; B. Cochener

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

An algorithm for efficient metal artifact reductions in permanent seed implants  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: In permanent seed implants, 60 to more than 100 small metal capsules are inserted in the prostate, creating artifacts in x-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging. The goal of this work is to develop an automatic method for metal artifact reduction (MAR) from small objects such as brachytherapy seeds for clinical applications. Methods: The approach for MAR is based on the interpolation of missing projections by directly using raw helical CT data (sinogram). First, an initial image is reconstructed from the raw CT data. Then, the metal objects segmented from the reconstructed image are reprojected back into the sinogram space to produce a metal-only sinogram. The Steger method is used to determine precisely the position and edges of the seed traces in the raw CT data. By combining the use of Steger detection and reprojections, the missing projections are detected and replaced by interpolation of non-missing neighboring projections. Results: In both phantom experiments and patient studies, the missing projections have been detected successfully and the artifacts caused by metallic objects have been substantially reduced. The performance of the algorithm has been quantified by comparing the uniformity between the uncorrected and the corrected phantom images. The results of the artifact reduction algorithm are indistinguishable from the true background value. Conclusions: An efficient algorithm for MAR in seed brachytherapy was developed. The test results obtained using raw helical CT data for both phantom and clinical cases have demonstrated that the proposed MAR method is capable of accurately detecting and correcting artifacts caused by a large number of very small metal objects (seeds) in sinogram space. This should enable a more accurate use of advanced brachytherapy dose calculations, such as Monte Carlo simulations.

Xu Chen; Verhaegen, Frank; Laurendeau, Denis; Enger, Shirin A.; Beaulieu, Luc [Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie, Universite Laval, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, 11 Cote du Palais, Quebec, Quebec G1R 2J6 (Canada) and Departement de Genie Electrique et Genie Informatique, Laboratoire de Vision et Systemes Numeriques, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4 (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW-School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht 6201 BN (Netherlands) and Oncology Department, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University, 1650 Cedar Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada); Departement de Genie Electrique et Genie Informatique, Laboratoire de Vision et Systemes Numeriques, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4 (Canada); Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie, Universite Laval, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, 11 Co circumflex te du Palais, Quebec, Quebec G1R 2J6 (Canada); Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie, Universite Laval, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, 11 Cote du Palais, Quebec, Quebec G1R 2J6 (Canada) and Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4 (Canada)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

Postmortem radiation safety and issues pertaining to permanent prostate seed implantation in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractPurpose If a prostate cancer patient treated with 125I brachytherapy dies within 12 months after the treatment, prostate removal before cremation is recommended to avoid problems related to radioactivity in the ashes, such as inhalation of airborne particulate matter by crematorium staff or nearby residents. To provide guidance for such cases, a manual prepared under the editorial supervision of several professional associations was issued in 2008 in Japan. Herein, we investigated the incidence and causes of death, and the actions taken subsequent to death, among prostate cancer patients who died within 12 months after 125I brachytherapy over a 10-year period in Japan; and we compared the results before and after the manual was issued. Methods and Materials Data extracted from the Japan Radioisotope Association database for the period from September 2003 to the end of December 2013 were used. Results Of 27,976 patients who underwent 125I brachytherapy during the specified period, 79 died within 12 months after implantation, including 3 who died in the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. The prostate and brachytherapy source were retrieved at autopsy from 69 of the 79 patients. Autopsy could not be performed on the other 10 patients, 2 of whom died in the earthquake. Autopsy and retrieval of the brachytherapy source were significantly more common after issuance of the manual than before (22/28 cases before; 47/49 cases after; p=0.021). Conclusion In most cases of early death after 125I brachytherapy in Japan, the brachytherapy source was retrieved.

Takefumi Satoh; Takushi Dokiya; Hidetoshi Yamanaka; Shiro Saito; Hiromichi Ishiyama; Jun Itami; Hitoshi Shibuya; Takashi Nakano; Naoyuki Shigematsu; Manabu Aoki; Shin Egawa; Mitsuyasu Hashimoto; Tetsuo Nishimura; Atsunori Yorozu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Cluster size effects on sintering, CO adsorption, and implantation in Ir/SiO{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect

A series of planar model catalysts have been prepared via deposition of Ir{sub n}{sup +} on thermally grown amorphous SiO{sub 2}/Si(100) and ion scattering spectroscopy was used to probe surface structure as a function of cluster size, impact energy, and surface temperature. Deposition of Ir{sub 2} or Ir{sub 10} at low energies and room temperature results in stable clusters forming one- or two-dimensional single layer islands on the oxide surface. Heating the samples to 750 K leads to agglomeration, forming multilayer structures on the surface. Ir{sub 1} deposited under similar conditions sinters into large clusters at room temperature. Deposition at 110 K at least partially stabilizes the Ir atoms with respect to diffusion and sintering. At higher deposition energies, partial implantation into the surface is observed, but this appears to be insufficient to stabilize the clusters against sintering at elevated temperature. At low temperatures, substrate-mediated adsorption of CO is found to be highly efficient, leading to near saturation coverages of CO bound atop the Ir{sub n} clusters. The CO can be removed by careful He{sup +} sputtering. The deposition/binding behavior of Ir{sub n} on SiO{sub 2} is quite different from Ir{sub n}/TiO{sub 2}(110), for which the clusters bind in three-dimensional morphology, starting at Ir{sub 5}. That system also shows substrate-mediated adsorption of CO, but the CO preferentially binds at the periphery of the clusters rather than on top.

Kaden, W. E.; Kunkel, W. A.; Anderson, Scott L. [Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, 315 S. 1400 E. RM 2020, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-0850 (United States)

2009-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

414

An implantable instrument for studying the long-term flight biology of migratory birds  

SciTech Connect

The design of an instrument deployed in a project studying the high altitude Himalayan migrations of bar-headed geese (Anser indicus) is described. The electronics of this archival datalogger measured 22 14 6.5 mm, weighed 3 g, was powered by a AA-sized battery weighing 10 g and housed in a transparent biocompatible tube sealed with titanium electrodes for electrocardiography (ECG). The combined weight of 32 g represented less than 2% of the typical bodyweight of the geese. The primary tasks of the instrument were to continuously record a digitised ECG signal for heart-rate determination and store 12-bit triaxial accelerations sampled at 100 Hz with 15% coverage over each 2 min period. Measurement of atmospheric pressure provided an indication of altitude and rate of ascent or descent during flight. Geomagnetic field readings allowed for latitude estimation. These parameters were logged twice per minute along with body temperature. Data were stored to a memory card of 8 GB capacity. Instruments were implanted in geese captured on Mongolian lakes during the breeding season when the birds are temporarily flightless due to moulting. The goal was to collect data over a ten month period, covering both southward and northward migrations. This imposed extreme constraints on the design's power consumption. Raw ECG can be post-processed to obtain heart-rate, allowing improved rejection of signal interference due to strenuous activity of locomotory muscles during flight. Accelerometry can be used to monitor wing-beat frequency and body kinematics, and since the geese continued to flap their wings continuously even during rather steep descents, act as a proxy for biomechanical power. The instrument enables detailed investigation of the challenges faced by the geese during these arduous migrations which typically involve flying at extreme altitudes through cold, low density air where oxygen availability is significantly reduced compared to sea level.

Spivey, Robin J., E-mail: r.spivey@bangor.ac.uk, E-mail: c.bishop@bangor.ac.uk; Bishop, Charles M., E-mail: r.spivey@bangor.ac.uk, E-mail: c.bishop@bangor.ac.uk [Department of Biological Sciences, Bangor University, Gwynedd LL57 2UW (United Kingdom)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

El impacto del implante coclear en la integracin auditiva: resultados y factores predictores en un grupo de 116 nias y nios sordos espaoles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Resumen El implante coclear ha revolucionado el tratamiento de las prdidas graves de audicin. Las funciones auditivas son las primeras que se despliegan despus de la conexin de este dispositivo, y en ellas se apoyar el desarrollo del habla, del lenguaje y de la comunicacin oral. Nuestros objetivos fueron, en primer lugar, evaluar las funciones auditivas (percepcin, comunicacin e integracin auditiva) en un grupo de 116nios sordos espaoles mediante la Escala de Integracin Auditiva para Nios, y en segundo lugar, analizar los factores implicados en este proceso. Segn los datos obtenidos, no todos estos nios haban conseguido que sus funciones auditivas fuesen las esperadas por el uso continuado y suficiente del implante. Quienes recibieron su implante a edades ms tempranas presentaban una integracin auditiva conforme a lo esperado. Otras variables, como la marca del implante y la adaptacin previa de audfonos, han resultado asimismo sealadas como factores predictores para la percepcin auditiva. No obstante, se plantea la necesidad de evaluar muestras ms extensas por la gran cantidad de factores implicados. A tenor de los resultados, planteamos la necesidad de reflexionar acerca del riesgo que supone asimilar, en cualquier caso, el implante coclear en poblacin infantil con un adecuado desarrollo auditivo. Abstract Cochlear implantation in children has revolutionized the treatment of prelingual, profound and sensorineural deafness. Auditory functions are the first to develop after connecting the device and are those that support the development of speech, language and oral communication. The aims of this study were firstly to evaluate auditory functions (perception, communication and auditory integration) in a group of 116 deaf Spanish children through the Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (MAIS), and secondly to analyze the factors involved in this process. According to the results, not all children in the sample achieved the expected development of auditory functions, despite using the device daily and for a minimum of 12months. The children who achieved the expected auditory development were those who received their cochlear implant at a younger age. Other variables, such as the make of the implant and prior adaptation of the headphones, were also predictive factors for auditory perception. Nevertheless, due to the large number of factors involved, further studies should be performed with larger samples. The results of this study suggest that the use of cochlear implant alone may not be sufficient for the development of auditory functions.

M. Salud Jimnez Romero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Permanent prostate implant using high activity seeds and inverse planning with fast simulated annealing algorithm: A 12-year Canadian experience  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To report outcomes and toxicity of the first Canadian permanent prostate implant program. Methods and Materials: 396 consecutive patients (Gleason {<=}6, initial prostate specific antigen (PSA) {<=}10 and stage T1-T2a disease) were implanted between June 1994 and December 2001. The median follow-up is of 60 months (maximum, 136 months). All patients were planned with fast-simulated annealing inverse planning algorithm with high activity seeds ([gt] 0.76 U). Acute and late toxicity is reported for the first 213 patients using a modified RTOG toxicity scale. The Kaplan-Meier biochemical failure-free survival (bFFS) is reported according to the ASTRO and Houston definitions. Results: The bFFS at 60 months was of 88.5% (90.5%) according to the ASTRO (Houston) definition and, of 91.4% (94.6%) in the low risk group (initial PSA {<=}10 and Gleason {<=}6 and Stage {<=}T2a). Risk factors statistically associated with bFFS were: initial PSA >10, a Gleason score of 7-8, and stage T2b-T3. The mean D90 was of 151 {+-} 36.1 Gy. The mean V100 was of 85.4 {+-} 8.5% with a mean V150 of 60.1 {+-} 12.3%. Overall, the implants were well tolerated. In the first 6 months, 31.5% of the patients were free of genitourinary symptoms (GUs), 12.7% had Grade 3 GUs; 91.6% were free of gastrointestinal symptoms (GIs). After 6 months, 54.0% were GUs free, 1.4% had Grade 3 GUs; 95.8% were GIs free. Conclusion: The inverse planning with fast simulated annealing and high activity seeds gives a 5-year bFFS, which is comparable with the best published series with a low toxicity profile.

Martin, Andre-Guy [Departement de Radio-oncologie, Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de l'Universite Laval, Quebec (Canada); Roy, Jean [Departement de Radio-oncologie, Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de l'Universite Laval, Quebec (Canada); Beaulieu, Luc [Departement de Radio-oncologie, Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de l'Universite Laval, Quebec (Canada); Centre de Recherche de l'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, L'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec (CHUQ), Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de l'Universite Laval, Quebec (Canada); Pouliot, Jean [Radiation Oncology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA (United States); Harel, Francois [Centre de Recherche de l'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, L'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec (CHUQ), Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de l'Universite Laval, Quebec (Canada); Vigneault, Eric [Departement de Radio-oncologie, Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de l'Universite Laval, Quebec (Canada)]. E-mail: Eric.Vigneault@chuq.qc.ca

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Determine the Influence of Time Held in Knockdown Anesthesia on Survival and Stress of Surgically Implanted Juvenile Salmonids  

SciTech Connect

The Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) was developed for the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers Portland District (USACE) to address questions related to survival and performance measures of juvenile salmonids as they pass through the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS). Researchers using JSATS acoustic transmitters (ATs) were tasked with standardizing the surgical implantation procedure to ensure that the stressors of handling and surgery on salmonids were consistent and less likely to cause effects of tagging in survival studies. Researchers questioned whether the exposure time in 'knockdown' anesthesia (or induction) to prepare fish for surgery could influence the survival of study fish (CBSPSC 2011). Currently, fish are held in knockdown anesthesia after they reach Stage 4 anesthesia until the completion of the surgical implantation of a transmitter, varies from 5 to 15 minutes for studies conducted in the Columbia Basin. The Columbia Basin Surgical Protocol Steering Committee (CBSPSC ) expressed concern that its currently recommended 10-minute maximum time limit during which fish are held in anesthetic - tricaine methanesulfonate (MS-222, 80 mg L-1 water) - could increase behavioral and physiological costs, and/or decrease survival of outmigrating juvenile salmonids. In addition, the variability in the time fish are held at Stage 4 could affect the data intended for direct comparison of fish within or among survival studies. Under the current recommended protocol, if fish exceed the 10-minute time limit, they are to be released without surgical implantation, thereby increasing the number of fish handled and endangered species 'take' at the bypass systems for FCRPS survival studies.

Woodley, Christa M.; Wagner, Katie A.; Knox, Kasey M.

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

418

Development of a low energy ion implantation system for the synthesis of GeXSi1-X alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

traveling at a chosen speed v . The velocity of the particle is given by +2qV where V is the accelerating voltage or beam energy, M is the ion mass, and q is the ion charge. The magnetic force is given by F~ =Bqv, (2) where B is the magnetic field... to 160 keV was used to analyze the implant profiles. The design of the accelerator facility allows for in situ analysis of the target with 280 keV alpha particles by incorporating both beamlines into a common ultra high vacuum target chamber...

Court, John David

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

419

Method and means of directing an ion beam onto an insulating surface for ion implantation or sputtering  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A beam of ions is directed under control onto an insulating surface by supplying simultaneously a stream of electrons directed at the same surface in a quantity sufficient to neutralize the overall electric charge of the ion beam and result in a net zero current flow to the insulating surface. The ion beam is adapted particularly both to the implantation of ions in a uniform areal disposition over the insulating surface and to the sputtering of atoms or molecules of the insulator onto a substrate.

Gruen, Dieter M. (Downers Grove, IL); Krauss, Alan R. (Naperville, IL); Siskind, Barry (Downers Grove, IL)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

A DLTS study of 4H-SiC-based p-n junctions fabricated by boron implantation  

SciTech Connect

Deep-level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) has been used to study p-n junctions fabricated by implantation of boron into epitaxial 4H-SiC films with n-type conductivity and the donor concentration (8-9) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} cm{sup -3}. A DLTS signal anomalous in sign is observed; this signal is related to recharging of deep compensating boron-involved centers in the n-type region near the metallurgical boundary of the p-n junction.

Ivanov, P. A., E-mail: Pavel.Ivanov@mail.ioffe.ru; Potapov, A. S.; Samsonova, T. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Korol'kov, O.; Sleptsuk, N. [Tallinn University of Technology, Department of Electronics (Estonia)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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421

A study of the relationship between applied and effective torque on screw fastenings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Calibration Data BESULTS The cali?ration d'ta is shown in Table I, Appendix B. The five values taken at, encl load were averiged to obtain t?;e poi. . ts for the plot cf applied torque versus length of shiv stock rot shearec in Fifure 9. T? is graph wa... for Calibration Data BESULTS The cali?ration d'ta is shown in Table I, Appendix B. The five values taken at, encl load were averiged to obtain t?;e poi. . ts for the plot cf applied torque versus length of shiv stock rot shearec in Fifure 9. T? is graph wa...

Lewis, Robert Miller

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

422

Development of Steel Fastener Nano-Ceramic Coatings for Corrosion Protection of Magnesium Parts (AMD-704)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

423

Page 1 of 7 Modeling and simulation of sparking in fastening assemblies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

current flows, with likely hazardous effects in the fuel tank area (1). The direct effects of lightning of these mechanisms depends on the material used for the assembly (for example, metal rib with carbon composite of understanding on the conditions and the Screw Metallization Skin Insulator (Fiber glass, sealant...) Rib Nut hal

424

Advanced process control and novel test methods for PVD silicon and elastomeric silicone coatings utilized on ion implant disks, heatsinks and selected platens  

SciTech Connect

Coatings play multiple key roles in the proper functioning of mature and current ion implanters. Batch and serial implanters require strategic control of elemental and particulate contamination which often includes scrutiny of the silicon surface coatings encountering direct beam contact. Elastomeric Silicone Coatings must accommodate wafer loading and unloading as well as direct backside contact during implant plus must maintain rigid elemental and particulate specifications. The semiconductor industry has had a significant and continuous effort to obtain ultra-pure silicon coatings with sustained process performance and long life. Low particles and reduced elemental levels for silicon coatings are a major requirement for process engineers, OEM manufacturers, and second source suppliers. Relevant data will be presented. Some emphasis and detail will be placed on the structure and characteristics of a relatively new PVD Silicon Coating process that is very dense and homogeneous. Wear rate under typical ion beam test conditions will be discussed. The PVD Silicon Coating that will be presented here is used on disk shields, wafer handling fingers/fences, exclusion zones of heat sinks, beam dumps and other beamline components. Older, legacy implanters can now provide extended process capability using this new generation PVD silicon - even on implanter systems that were shipped long before the advent of silicon coating for contamination control. Low particles and reduced elemental levels are critical performance criteria for the silicone elastomers used on disk heatsinks and serial implanter platens. Novel evaluation techniques and custom engineered tools are used to investigate the surface interaction characteristics of multiple Elastomeric Silicone Coatings currently in use by the industry - specifically, friction and perpendicular stiction. These parameters are presented as methods to investigate the critical wafer load and unload function. Unique tools and test methods have been developed that deliver accurate and repeatable data, which will be described.

Springer, J.; Allen, B.; Wriggins, W.; Kuzbyt, R.; Sinclair, R. [Core Systems, 1050 Kifer Road Sunnyvale, CA 94086 (United States); FI Silicon, 1050 Kifer Road Sunnyvale, CA 94086 (United States); Core Systems, 1050 Kifer Road Sunnyvale, CA 94086 (United States)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

425

Training considerations for the intracoelomic implantation of electronic tags in fish with a summary of common surgical errors  

SciTech Connect

Training is a fundamental part of all scientific and technical disciplines. This is particularly true for all types of surgeons. For surgical procedures, a number of skills are necessary to reduce mistakes. Trainees must learn an extensive yet standardized set of problem-solving and technical skills to handle challenges as they arise. There are currently no guidelines or consistent training methods for those intending to implant electronic tags in fish; this is surprising, considering documented cases of negative consequences of fish surgeries and information from studies having empirically tested fish surgical techniques. Learning how to do fish surgery once is insufficient for ensuring the maintenance or improvement of surgical skill. Assessment of surgical skills is rarely incorporated into training, and is needed. Evaluation provides useful feedback that guides future learning, fosters habits of self-reflection and self-remediation, and promotes access to advanced training. Veterinary professionals should be involved in aspects of training to monitor basic surgical principles. We identified attributes related to knowledge, understanding, and skill that surgeons must demonstrate prior to performing fish surgery including a hands-on assessment using live fish. Included is a summary of common problems encountered by fish surgeons. We conclude by presenting core competencies that should be required as well as outlining a 3-day curriculum for training surgeons to conduct intracoelomic implantation of electronic tags. This curriculum could be offered through professional fisheries societies as professional development courses.

Cooke, Steven J.; Wagner, Glenn N.; Brown, Richard S.; Deters, Katherine A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Does UV disinfection compromise sutures? An evaluation of tissue response and suture retention in salmon surgically implanted with transmitters  

SciTech Connect

Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) can be used as a tool to disinfect surgery tools used for implanting transmitters into fish. However, the use of UVR could possibly degrade monofilament suture material used to close surgical incisions. This research examined the effect of UVR on monofilament sutures to determine if they were compromised and negatively influenced tag and suture retention, incision openness, or tissue reaction. Eighty juvenile Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha were surgically implanted with an acoustic transmitter and a passive integrated transponder. The incision was closed with a single stitch of either a suture exposed to 20 doses of UV radiation (5 minute duration per dose) or a new, sterile suture. Fish were then held for 28 d and examined under a microscope at day 7, 14, 21 and 28 for incision openness, ulceration, redness, and the presence of water mold. There was no significant difference between treatments for incision openness, redness, ulceration or the presence of water mold on any examination day. On day 28 post-surgery, there were no lost sutures; however, 2 fish lost their transmitters (one from each treatment). The results of this study do not show any differences in negative influences such as tissue response, suture retention or tag retention between a new sterile suture and a suture disinfected with UVR.

Walker, Ricardo W.; Brown, Richard S.; Deters, Katherine A.; Eppard, M. B.; Cooke, Steven J.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Performance Assessment of Suture Type, Water Temperature, and Surgeon Skill in Juvenile Chinook Salmon Surgically Implanted with Acoustic Transmitters  

SciTech Connect

This study assessed performance of seven suture types in subyearling Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha implanted with acoustic microtransmitters. Nonabsorbable (Ethilon) and absorbable (Monocryl) monofilament and nonabsorbable (Nurolon, silk) and absorbable (Vicryl, Vicryl Plus, Vicryl Rapide) braided sutures were used to close incisions in Chinook salmon. Monocryl exhibited greater suture retention than all other suture types 7 d after surgery. Both monofilament suture types were retained better than all braided suture types at 14 d. Incision openness and tag retention did not differ among suture types. Wound inflammation was similar for Ethilon, Monocryl, and Nurolon at 7 d. Wound ulceration was lower for Ethilon, Monocryl, and Nurolon than for all other suture types at 14 d post-surgery. Fish held in 12C water had more desirable post-surgery healing characteristics (i.e., higher suture and tag retention and lower incision openness, wound inflammation, and ulceration) at 7 and 14 d after surgery than those held in 17C water. The effect of surgeon was a significant predictor for all response variables at 7 d. This result emphasizes the importance of including surgeon as a variable in telemetry study analyses when multiple surgeons are used. Monocryl performed better with regard to post-surgery healing characteristics in the study fish. The overall results support the conclusion that Monocryl is the best suture material to close incisions created during surgical implantation of acoustic microtransmitters in subyearling Chinook salmon.

Deters, Katherine A.; Brown, Richard S.; Carter, Kathleen M.; Boyd, James W.; Eppard, M. B.; Seaburg, Adam

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Impact of ion-implantation-induced band gap engineering on the temperature-dependent photoluminescence properties of InAs/InP quantum dashes  

SciTech Connect

We report on the effects of the As/P intermixing induced by phosphorus ion implantation in InAs/InP quantum dashes (QDas) on their photoluminescence (PL) properties. For nonintermixed QDas, usual temperature-dependent PL properties characterized by a monotonic redshift in the emission band and a continual broadening of the PL linewidth as the temperature increases, are observed. For intermediate ion implantation doses, the inhomogeneous intermixing enhances the QDas size dispersion and the enlarged distribution of carrier confining potential depths strongly affects the temperature-dependent PL properties below 180 K. An important redshift in the PL emission band occurs between 10 and 180 K which is explained by a redistribution of carriers among the different intermixed QDas of the ensemble. For higher implantation doses, the homogeneous intermixing reduces the broadening of the localized QDas state distribution and the measured linewidth temperature behavior matches that of the nonintermixed QDas. An anomalous temperature-dependent emission energy behavior has been observed for extremely high implantation doses, which is interpreted by a possible QDas dissolution.

Hadj Alouane, M. H.; Ilahi, B.; Maaref, H. [Laboratoire de Micro-Optoelectronique et Nanostructures (LMON), Faculte des Sciences, Avenue de l'environnement, 5019 Monastir (Tunisia); Salem, B.; Aimez, V.; Morris, D. [Centre de Recherche en Nanofabrication et Nanocaracterisation (CRN2), Universite de Sherbrooke, (Quebec) J1K 2R1 (Canada); Turala, A.; Regreny, P.; Gendry, M. [Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon (INL), UMR CNRS 5270, Universite de Lyon, Ecole Centrale de Lyon, 36 avenue Guy de Collongue, F-69134 Ecully (France)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

low Si p+-n junctions fabricated by focused ion beam Ga+ implantation through thin Ti and TiSi2 layers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metals and silicide layers, in conjunction with rapid thermal annealing (RTA) to complete metal silicides and it forms uniform thin films on Si. Most of the current research involving salicide+ implantation through Ti metal (ITM) and TiSi, (ITS) layers, followed by rapid thermal annealing (RTA), has been

Steckl, Andrew J.

430

Efficacy of Fosfomycin Compared to Vancomycin in Treatment of Implant-Associated Chronic Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Osteomyelitis in Rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Osteomyelitis in Rats Wolfgang Poeppl a Tilman Lingscheid a...MRSA) osteomyelitis in an experimental rat model. The proximal tibiae were inoculated...controlled animal study using an experimental rat model of chronic implant-associated MRSA...

Wolfgang Poeppl; Tilman Lingscheid; Dominik Bernitzky; Uwe Y. Schwarze; Oliver Donath; Thomas Perkmann; Nicolas Kozakowski; Roberto Plasenzotti; Gottfried Reznicek; Heinz Burgmann

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

431

Strain engineering of ultra-thin silicon-on-insulator structures using through-buried-oxide ion implantation and crystallization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report a novel way of introducing strain in Ultra-Thin Body and Buried-Oxide (UTBB) SOI structures by Ge+ implant into the underlying Si substrate and the formation of localized SiGe regions underneath the buried oxide (BOX) by Crystallization. The localized SiGe regions result in local deformation of the ultra-thin Si. Compressive strain of up to ?0.55% and ?1.2% were detected by Nano-Beam Diffraction (NBD) at the center and the edge, respectively, of a 50nm wide ultra-thin Si region located between two local SiGe regions. The under-the-BOX SiGe regions may be useful for strain engineering of ultra-thin body transistors formed on UTBB-SOI substrates.

Yinjie Ding; Ran Cheng; Qian Zhou; Anyan Du; Nicolas Daval; Bich-Yen Nguyen; Yee-Chia Yeo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Feasibility of fully automated detection of fiducial markers implanted into the prostate using electronic portal imaging: A comparison of methods  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate the feasibility of fully automated detection of fiducial markers implanted into the prostate using portal images acquired with an electronic portal imaging device. Methods and Materials: We have made a direct comparison of 4 different methods (2 template matching-based methods, a method incorporating attenuation and constellation analyses and a cross correlation method) that have been published in the literature for the automatic detection of fiducial markers. The cross-correlation technique requires a-priory information from the portal images, therefore the technique is not fully automated for the first treatment fraction. Images of 7 patients implanted with gold fiducial markers (8 mm in length and 1 mm in diameter) were acquired before treatment (set-up images) and during treatment (movie images) using 1MU and 15MU per image respectively. Images included: 75 anterior (AP) and 69 lateral (LAT) set-up images and 51 AP and 83 LAT movie images. Using the different methods described in the literature, marker positions were automatically identified. Results: The method based upon cross correlation techniques gave the highest percentage detection success rate of 99% (AP) and 83% (LAT) set-up (1MU) images. The methods gave detection success rates of less than 91% (AP) and 42% (LAT) set-up images. The amount of a-priory information used and how it affects the way the techniques are implemented, is discussed. Conclusions: Fully automated marker detection in set-up images for the first treatment fraction is unachievable using these methods and that using cross-correlation is the best technique for automatic detection on subsequent radiotherapy treatment fractions.

Harris, Emma J. [Joint Department of Physics, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: eharris@icr.ac.uk; McNair, Helen A. [Department of Radiotherapy, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Sutton, Surrey (United Kingdom); Evans, Phillip M. [Joint Department of Physics, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey (United Kingdom)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Designing for cost In an aerospace company  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Companies take different approaches, and achieve different degrees of implementation, in designing products for cost. This thesis discusses Target Costing and its application at The Boeing Company. Target Costing is a ...

Hammar, Elizabeth (Elizabeth Deming)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University at Buffalo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transport properties and have implications for high-efficiency condensation in power and desalination plants Y o r k MAE Seminar Series Nanoengineered Surfaces for Efficiency Enhancements in Energy and Water, these systems have been designed for increasingly higher efficiency using incremental engineering approaches

Krovi, Venkat

435

An Advanced Radiosonde System for Aerospace Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)s Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) has developed a new GPS radiosonde, called Pisharoty sonde, with its ground station for atmospheric research and operational meteorology. The latest version of ...

U. S. Divya; J. Girija; S. Satyanarayana; John P. Zachariah

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

uilding modern aerospace systems is highly demanding.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) approach. Fine. But how is the consistency of the analysis results

437

Noah D. Manring Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transmits 27 times as much power as the diesel engine and 13 times as much power as an AC motor. This comparison illustrates one of several motivations for using hydraulic power versus diesel or electrical power-0472 00 01704-9 Introduction Background. Axial piston machinery is used in fluid power applications

Manring, Noah D.

438

SEMINAR ANNOUNCEMENT DEPARTMENT OF AEROSPACE ENGINEERING & MECHANICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

products, pharmaceutical inhalers, office printers, gas turbine engines, spray-chemical-conversion reactors between the two phases; sometimes, mass transfer interactions are also important. These interactions occur

Ponce, V. Miguel

439

Tim Lieuwen School of Aerospace Engineering,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that is mainly composed of methane. However, interest in utilizing other energy resources as well as concern about energy security have motivated interest in utilizing coal-derived syngas or fuels from other combined cycle IGCC plants enable the combustion of coal and other solid or liquid fuels, while still

Lieuwen, Timothy C.

440

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering MAE Seminar Series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to solve our energy problems and fill the gap to sustainable and zero emission mobility. We are now within to address emerging challenges in energy, nanomechanics and mechanobiology across multiple scales. Examples and tools for integration of battery systems into vehicles. Electric Vehicles (EV) and Hybrid Electric

Krovi, Venkat

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Aerospace applications of beta titanium alloys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Beta alloys are beginning to play a significant role in both military and commercial aircraft. Ti-10V-2Fe-3Al forgings, for example, play major roles in the McDonnell Douglas C-17 and the Boeing 777. The attracti...

Rodney R. Boyer M.S.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Lean transformation in aerospace assembly operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the past two decades, virtually all manufacturing companies in the United States have adopted or are in the process of adopting lean manufacturing. Globalization has resulted in the increased availability of reliable, ...

Frauenberger, Douglas H

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Design search and optimization in aerospace engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...that is a development of Torenbeek's...applied to gas turbine design can...figure 7). Development of the Southampton...Wynn1993Optimization strategies in robust...Multi-level Strategies, AIAA-2000-4937...W. 1975 Development of a computer...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Out of this world Aerospace research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that led to the development of the Internet and have used our aerodynamics research and wind tunnels Autonomous advanced systems 38 Defence and security 52 Sustainability and environment 62 Engineering

Anderson, Jim

445

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Postgraduate Student  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.................................................................................... 17 Project Seven: Disposing of Decommissioned Offshore Oil Platforms in the North Sea.... 18 Project Eight: Decentralised Integration of Wind Energy with Desalination Plant 19 Part C: Individual Project

Strathclyde, University of

446

ASCE's Aerospace Division Earth and Space Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@jpl.nasa.gov ABSTRACT Using modular construction equipment and additive manufacturing (3D printing) techniques large-scale 3D printing have been developed and tested in earth-based structures, and suggested for use

447

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University at Buffalo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Techniques Zhijie Xu Idaho National Laboratory ABSTRACT Advanced scientific computing emerges as an important method for scientific discovery in addition to the experiments and theoretical approaches. Within

Krovi, Venkat

448

Developing a 21st Century Aerospace Workforce  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Across the industry there are leaders at every level who are being challenged to think and act in new ways. The same is true for this commission. This can't be a "business as usual" review of the industry's status. As the ...

Joel Cutcher-Gershenfeld

2003-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

449

Assessment Plan BS Aerospace Engineering Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a b c d e f g h i j k AerE160 H R H M H M H M M M R AerE161 H H R M H M H(A) M M M R AerE261 H R R H R R(A) R R R H AerE361 H H H H H(A) H(A) AerE461 H H H H H(A) H AerE462 H H H(A) H(A) H(A) H H H H(A) R H AerE321 H

Hu, Hui

450

Micro -Thermonuclear AB-Reactors for Aerospace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The author offers several innovations that he first suggested publicly early in 1983 for the AB multi-reflex engine, space propulsion, getting energy from plasma, etc. (see: A. Bolonkin, Non-Rocket Space Launch and Flight, Elsevier, London, 2006, Chapters 12, 3A). It is the micro-thermonuclear AB-Reactors. That is new micro-thermonuclear reactor with very small fuel pellet that uses plasma confinement generated by multi-reflection of laser beam or its own magnetic field. The Lawson criterion increases by hundreds of times. The author also suggests a new method of heating the power-making fuel pellet by outer electric current as well as new direct method of transformation of ion kinetic energy into harvestable electricity. These offered innovations dramatically decrease the size, weight and cost of thermonuclear reactor, installation, propulsion system and electric generator. Non-industrial countries can produce these researches and constructions. Currently, the author is researching the efficiency of these innovations for two types of the micro-thermonuclear reactors: multi-reflection reactor (ICF) and self-magnetic reactor (MCF).

Alexander Bolonkin

2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

451

Montana State University 1 Aerospace Minor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Physics/Engineer Thermo/Fluids Choose one from the following: 3-4 ECHM 424 Transport Analysis EGEN 324 are common to Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Physics, Civil Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Chemistry, and Industrial Engineering at MSU Bozeman. An additional required course, EMEC 368

Maxwell, Bruce D.

452

Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

streams: Mechanical Systems and Materials Processing or Fluids, Energy, and Heat-Transfer Systems energy needs, and perform systems analysis on the human body as a means of understanding the implications that are smaller and lighter than today's available technology. MAE graduates will often go on for further study

Lipson, Michal

453

Studies of protein adsorption on implant materials in relation to biofilm formation I. Activity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa on Polypropylene and High density Polyethylene in presence of serum albumin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The surface of biomaterials used as implants are highly susceptible to bacterial colonization and subsequent infection. The amount of protein adsorption on biomaterials, among other factors, can affect the nature and quality of biofilms formed on them. The variation in the adsorption time of the protein on the biomaterial surface produces a phenotypic change in the bacteria by alteration of the production of EPS (exoplysaccharide) matrix. Knowledge of the effects of protein adsorption on implant infection will be very useful in understanding the chemistry of the biomaterial surfaces, which can deter the formation of biofilms. It is observed that the adsorption of BSA on the biomaterial surfaces increases with time and concentration, irrespective of their type and the nature of the EPS matrix of the bacterial biofilm is dependent on the amount of protein adsorbed on the biomaterial surface. The adsorption of protein (BSA) on the biomaterials, polypropylene (PP) and high density polyethylene (HDPE) has been stu...

Sinha, S Dutta; Maity, P K; Tarafdar, S; Moulik, S P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Osseointegration of chitosan coated porous titanium alloy implant by reactive oxygen species-mediated activation of the PI3K/AKT pathway under diabetic conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chitosan coated porous titanium alloy implant (CTI) is demonstrated a promising approach to improve osseointegration capacity of pure porous titanium alloy implant (TI). Since chitosan has been demonstrated to exhibit antioxidant activity, we propose CTI may ameliorate the ROS overproduction, thus reverse the poor osseointegration under diabetic conditions, and investigate the underlying mechanisms. Primary rat osteoblasts incubated on the TI and the CTI were subjected to normal serum (NS), diabetic serum (DS), DS+NAC (a potent ROS inhibitor) and DS+LY294002 (a PI3K/AKT-specific inhibitor). Invivo study was performed on diabetic sheep implanted with TI or CTI into the bone defects on crista iliaca. Results showed that diabetes-induced ROS overproduction led to osteoblast dysfunction and apoptosis, concomitant with the inhibition of AKT in osteoblasts on the TI substrate. While CTI stimulated AKT phosphorylation through ROS attenuation, thus reversed osteoblast dysfunction evidenced by improved osteoblast adhesion, increased proliferation and ALP activity, and decreased cytotoxicity and apoptotic rate, which exerted same effect to NAC treatment on the TI. These effects were further confirmed by the improved osseointegration within the CTI invivo evidenced by Micro-CT and histological examinations. In addition, the aforementioned promotive effects afforded by CTI were abolished by blocking PI3K/AKT pathway with addition of LY294002. These results demonstrate that the chitosan coating markedly ameliorates diabetes-induced impaired bio-performance of TI via ROS-mediated reactivation of PI3K/AKT pathway, which elicits a new surface functionalization strategy for better clinical performance of titanium implant in diabetic patients.

Xiang Li; Xiang-Yu Ma; Ya-Fei Feng; Zhen-Sheng Ma; Jian Wang; Tian-Cheng Ma; Wei Qi; Wei Lei; Lin Wang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Transcriptional Regulation of Galectin 15 (LGALS15): An Implantation-Related Galectin Uniquely Expressed in the Uteri of Sheep and Goats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2009 Major Subject: Physiology of Reproduction ? ? TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATION OF GALECTIN 15 (LGALS15): AN IMPLANTATION-RELATED GALECTIN... Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee: Thomas E. Spencer Fuller W. Bazer Committee Members: Robert C. Burghardt Gregory A. Johnson Head of Department: Gary R. Acuff August 2009 Major Subject: Physiology of Reproduction ? iii ABSTRACT...

Lewis, Shaye K.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

456

A 0.042 mm^2 programmable biphasic stimulator for cochlear implants suitable for a large number of channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a compact programmable biphasic stimulator for cochlear implants. By employing double-loop negative feedback, the output impedance of the current generator is increased, while maximizing the voltage compliance of the output transistor. To make the stimulator circuit compact, the stimulation current is set by scaling a reference current using a two stage binary-weighted transistor DAC (comprising a 3 bit high-voltage transistor DAC and a 4 bit low-voltage transistor DAC). With this structure the power consumption and the area of the circuit can be minimized. The proposed circuit has been implemented in AMS 0.18um high-voltage CMOS IC technology, using an active chip area of about 0.042mm^2. Measurement results show that proper charge balance of the anodic and cathodic stimulation phases is achieved and a dc blocking capacitor can be omitted. The resulting reduction in the required area makes the proposed system suitable for a large number of channels.

Ngamkham, W; Serdijn, W A; Bes, C J; Briaire, J J; Frijns, J H M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Direct coupling of pulsed radio frequency and pulsed high power in novel pulsed power system for plasma immersion ion implantation  

SciTech Connect

A novel power supply system that directly couples pulsed high voltage (HV) pulses and pulsed 13.56 MHz radio frequency (rf) has been developed for plasma processes. In this system, the sample holder is connected to both the rf generator and HV modulator. The coupling circuit in the hybrid system is composed of individual matching units, low pass filters, and voltage clamping units. This ensures the safe operation of the rf system even when the HV is on. The PSPICE software is utilized to optimize the design of circuits. The system can be operated in two modes. The pulsed rf discharge may serve as either the seed plasma source for glow discharge or high-density plasma source for plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII). The pulsed high-voltage glow discharge is induced when a rf pulse with a short duration or a larger time interval between the rf and HV pulses is used. Conventional PIII can also be achieved. Experiments conducted on the new system confirm steady and safe operation.

Gong Chunzhi; Tian Xiubo; Yang Shiqin [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding Production and Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, 150001 Harbin (China); Fu, Ricky K. Y.; Chu, Paul K. [Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon (Hong Kong)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

458

Thin Ni silicide formation by low temperature-induced metal atom reaction with ion implanted amorphous silicon  

SciTech Connect

We have extended our recent work on buried silicide formation by Ni diffusion into a buried amorphous silicon layer to the case where silicide formation is at lower temperatures on silicon substrates which have been preamorphized. The reaction of metal atoms from a 12 nm Ni film evaporated on top of a 65 nm thick surface amorphous layer formed by 35 keV Si{sup +} ion implantation has been investigated at temperature {le}400C. Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry (RBS) with channeling, cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (XTEM), x-ray diffraction and four-point-probe measurements were used to determine structure, interfacial morphology, composition and resistivity of the silicide films. It has been found that an increased rate of silicidation occurs for amorphous silicon with respect to crystalline areas permitting a selective control of the silicon area to be contacted during silicide growth. Vacuum furnace annealing at 360C for 8 hours followed by an additional step at 400C for one hour produces a continuos NiSi{sub 2} layer with a resistivity 44 {mu}{Omega} cm.

Erokhin, Yu.N.; Pramanick, S.; Hong, F.; Rozgonyi, G.A. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Patnaik, B.K. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

459

Gain analysis of higher-order-mode amplification in a dielectric-implanted multi-beam traveling wave structure  

SciTech Connect

A multi-beam traveling wave amplifier designed with an overmoded staggered double grating array was examined by small signal analysis combined with simulation. Eigenmode and S-parameter analyses show that the 2 cm long slow wave structure (SWS) has 15 dB insertion loss over the passband (TM{sub 31} mode) with ?28% cold bandwidth. Analytic gain calculation indicates that in the SWS, TM{sub 31}-mode is amplified with 1520 dB/beam at 6484 GHz with three elliptical beams of 10 kV and 150 mA/beam, which was compared with particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations. PIC analysis on the analysis of instability with zero-input driving excitations demonstrated that background noises and non-operating lower order modes are noticeably suppressed by implanting equidistant dielectric absorbers; the overmoded structure only allowed the desired 3rd order mode to propagate in the structure. The designed circuit structure can be widely applied to multi-beam devices for high power RF generation.

Gee, Anthony [Department of Physics, Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, Illinois 60115 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, Illinois 60115 (United States); Shin, Young-Min [Department of Physics, Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, Illinois 60115 (United States) [Department of Physics, Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, Illinois 60115 (United States); Accelerator Physics Center (APC), Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Modeling of implantation and mixing damage during etching of SiO{sub 2} over Si in fluorocarbon plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Energetic ion bombardment during plasma etching of microelectronics devices is necessary to activate chemical process and define features through the ions' anisotropic trajectories. These energetic fluxes can also cause damage and mixing of the constituents of crystalline lattices. These properties are likely best modeled using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The computational expense of these techniques makes feature scale simulations difficult, and so motivates development of approximate methods that can be used to model full features. In this regard, an implantation and mixing model has been developed and implemented into a Monte Carlo feature profile model to simulate the mixing and damage to the underlying Si during high aspect ratio (HAR) etching of SiO{sub 2} trenches. Fluxes to the surface were provided by a reactor scale model. The feature scale model was validated by comparison to the mixing produced by Ar{sup +} bombardment of Si with and without F and CF fluxes as predicted by MD simulations. Scaling of mixing damage of underlying Si during HAR of SiO{sub 2} etching in Ar/C{sub 4}F{sub 8}/O{sub 2} plasmas for rf bias powers of 1-4 kW was investigated. The authors found that mixing damage at the bottom of HAR features, though increasing in magnitude with increasing ion energy, does not scale as dramatically as on flat surfaces. This is due to the reflection of ions off of sidewalls which moderate the ion energies.

Wang Mingmei; Kushner, Mark J. [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50010 (United States); Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Ave., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "implants aerospace fasteners" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

In vitro osteogenic differentiation of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell spheroids impairs their in vivo vascularization capacity inside implanted porous polyurethane scaffolds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Undifferentiated adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell (adMSC) spheroids are attractive vascularization units for tissue engineering. Their osteogenic differentiation further offers the possibility of directed generation of bone constructs. The aim of this study was to analyze how this differentiation affects their in vivo vascularization capacity. Green fluorescent protein (GFP)-positive adMSCs were isolated from C57BL/6-TgN(ACTB-EGFP)1Osb/J mice for the generation of undifferentiated and differentiated spheroids using the liquid overlay technique. Subsequently, polyurethane scaffolds were seeded with these spheroids and successful osteogenic differentiation was proven by von Kossa staining and high-resolution microtomography. The scaffolds were then implanted into dorsal skinfold chambers of C57BL/6 wild-type mice to analyze their vascularization and incorporation using intravital fluorescence microscopy, histology and immunohistochemistry. Scaffolds seeded with differentiated spheroids exhibited a markedly impaired vascularization. Immunohistochemical analyses revealed that this was caused by the lost ability of differentiated spheroids to form GFP-positive microvascular networks inside the scaffolds. This was associated with a reduced tissue incorporation of the implants. Moreover, they no longer exhibited a mineralized matrix after the 14day implantation period, indicating the dedifferentiation of the spheroids under the given in vivo conditions. These findings indicate that osteogenic differentiation of adMSC spheroids markedly impairs their vascularization capacity. Hence, it may be reasonable to combine adMSC spheroids of varying differentiation stages in scaffolds for bone tissue engineering to promote both vascularization and bone formation.

Matthias W. Laschke; Timo E. Schank; Claudia Scheuer; Sascha Kleer; Takhirjan Shadmanov; David Eglin; Mauro Alini; Michael D. Menger

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Deaths within 12 months after 125I implantation for brachytherapy of prostate cancer: An investigation of radiation safety issues in Japan (20032010)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purpose The International Commission on Radiological Protection recommends removing the prostate before cremation if death occurs within 12 months after 125I brachytherapy. However, the incidence of death within this time frame has not been robustly investigated in any country. The purpose this study was to investigate the incidence and cause of death and actions taken when death has occurred within 12 months after 125I brachytherapy for prostate cancer in Japan. Methods and Materials Data were extracted from the Japan Radioisotope Association database to investigate the total number of implantation cases, number of early deaths after implantation, cause of death, and postmortem actions between September 2003 and the end of June 2010 in Japan. Early death was defined as occurring within 12 months after 125I brachytherapy for prostate cancer. Results During the study period, 15,427 patients underwent 125I brachytherapy and 43 (0.28%) died within 12 months after implantation. For 37 of the 43 patients (86%), the brachytherapy source was retrieved together with the prostate gland at autopsy; however, autopsy could not be performed in six (14%) of the deceased patients. The largest proportion of early deaths was because of cerebrovascular or cardiovascular disease (17/43, 40%), followed by malignant tumor (15/43, 35%), and respiratory disease or infection (7/43, 16%). Conclusions The incidence of early deaths within 12 months after 125I brachytherapy in Japan was 0.28%. In almost all cases, the brachytherapy sources were removed in the intact prostate before the body was cremated and stored appropriately.

Takefumi Satoh; Hidetoshi Yamanaka; Takashi Yamashita; Manabu Aoki; Shin Egawa; Shiro Saito; Suoh Sakata; Hitoshi Shibuya; Nobuyuki Sugiura; Yutaka Takahashi; Tetsuo Nishimura; Tatsuji Hamada; Tsuneharu Miki; Atsunori Yorozu; Takushi Dokiya

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Mastectomy With Immediate Expander-Implant Reconstruction, Adjuvant Chemotherapy, and Radiation for Stage II-III Breast Cancer: Treatment Intervals and Clinical Outcomes  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine intervals between surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy and radiation in patients treated with mastectomy with immediate expander-implant reconstruction, and to evaluate locoregional and distant control and overall survival in these patients. Methods and Materials: Between May 1996 and March 2004, 104 patients with Stage II-III breast cancer were routinely treated at our institution under the following algorithm: (1) definitive mastectomy with axillary lymph node dissection and immediate tissue expander placement, (2) tissue expansion during chemotherapy, (3) exchange of tissue expander for permanent implant, (4) radiation. Patient, disease, and treatment characteristics and clinical outcomes were retrospectively evaluated. Results: Median age was 45 years. Twenty-six percent of patients were Stage II and 74% Stage III. All received adjuvant chemotherapy. Estrogen receptor staining was positive in 77%, and 78% received hormone therapy. Radiation was delivered to the chest wall with daily 0.5-cm bolus and to the supraclavicular fossa. Median dose was 5040 cGy. Median interval from surgery to chemotherapy was 5 weeks, from completion of chemotherapy to exchange 4 weeks, and from exchange to radiation 4 weeks. Median interval from completion of chemotherapy to start of radiation was 8 weeks. Median follow-up was 64 months from date of mastectomy. The 5-year rate for locoregional disease control was 100%, for distant metastasis-free survival 90%, and for overall survival 96%. Conclusions: Mastectomy with immediate expander-implant reconstruction, adjuvant chemotherapy, and radiation results in a median interval of 8 weeks from completion of chemotherapy to initiation of radiation and seems to be associated with acceptable 5-year locoregional control, distant metastasis-free survival, and overall survival.

Wright, Jean L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Cordeiro, Peter G. [Department of Surgery, Plastic and Reconstructive Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Ben-Porat, Leah [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Van Zee, Kimberly J. [Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Hudis, Clifford [Department of Medicine, Solid Tumor Division, Breast Cancer Medicine Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Beal, Kathryn [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); McCormick, Beryl [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)], E-mail: mccormib@mskcc.org

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Nuclear radiation detectors based on a matrix of ion-implanted p-i-n diodes on undoped GaAs epilayers  

SciTech Connect

Samples of nuclear detectors which represent matrices of p-i-n diodes were fabricated based on undoped gallium arsenide epitaxial layers by ion implantation technology. The detectors have a size of the active area of 0.4 Multiplication-Sign 0.4 and 0.9 Multiplication-Sign 0.9 cm{sup 2}. Electrical characteristics of fabricated detectors and results of measurements of fast neutrons spectra of {sup 241}Am-Be source by the recoil protons method are discussed.

Baryshnikov, F. M.; Britvich, G. I.; Chernykh, A. V.; Chernykh, S. V.; Chubenko, A. P.; Didenko, S. I.; Koltsov, G. I. [National University of Science and Technology 'MISIS', Leninskiy prospect 4, 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation); Institute for High Energy Physics, Polshhad nauki 1, 142281 Protvino (Russian Federation); National University of Science and Technology 'MISIS', Leninskiy prospect 4, 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation); P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of the RAS, Leninskiy prospect 53, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); National University of Science and Technology 'MISIS', Leninskiy prospect 4, 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

465

Studies of protein adsorption on implant materials in relation to biofilm formation I. Activity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa on Polypropylene and High density Polyethylene in presence of serum albumin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The surface of biomaterials used as implants are highly susceptible to bacterial colonization and subsequent infection. The amount of protein adsorption on biomaterials, among other factors, can affect the nature and quality of biofilms formed on them. The variation in the adsorption time of the protein on the biomaterial surface produces a phenotypic change in the bacteria by alteration of the production of EPS (exoplysaccharide) matrix. Knowledge of the effects of protein adsorption on implant infection will be very useful in understanding the chemistry of the biomaterial surfaces, which can deter the formation of biofilms. It is observed that the adsorption of BSA on the biomaterial surfaces increases with time and concentration, irrespective of their type and the nature of the EPS matrix of the bacterial biofilm is dependent on the amount of protein adsorbed on the biomaterial surface. The adsorption of protein (BSA) on the biomaterials, polypropylene (PP) and high density polyethylene (HDPE) has been studied and the formation of the biofilms of Pseudomonas aeruginosa on them has been examined.

S Dutta Sinha; Susmita Chatterjee; P. K. Maity; S. Tarafdar; S. P. Moulik

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

466

Improvement of corrosion and electrical conductivity of 316L stainless steel as bipolar plate by TiN nanoparticle implantation using plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present work reports the results of TiN-ions implantation into the SS316L samples as bipolar plates by a 4kJ Mather type Plasma Focus (PF) device operated with nitrogen gas for 10, 20, and 30 shots in order to improve the corrosion resistance and electrical conductivity of samples. The PF can generate short lived (10100ns) but high temperature (0.12.0keV) and high density (10181020cm?3) plasma, and the whole process of PF lasts just a few microseconds. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results reveal the formation of a nanocrystalline titanium nitride coating on the surface of substrate. The interfacial contact resistance (ICR) of samples is measured, and the results show that the conductivity of samples increase after coating because of high electrical conductivity of TiN coating. The electrochemical results show that the corrosion resistances are significantly improved when TiN films are deposited into SS316L substrate. The corrosion potential of the TiN coated samples increases compared with that of the bare SSI316L and corrosion currents decrease in TiN implanted samples. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) indicates changes in surface morphology before and after potentiostatic test. The thickness of coated layer which is obtained by cross sectional SEM is about 19?m.

Malihe Omrani; Morteza Habibi; Reza Amrollahi; Arash Khosravi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Artificial Retina Implant Eligibility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CRADA Established October 14, 2004 CRADA Established October 14, 2004 A Joint Research Partnership Between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), DOE Laboratories, Universities, and a Private Company On October 14, 2004, the Department of Energy and Second Sight Medical Products, Inc. of Sylmar, California, held a press conference to announce the formal signing of a CRADA* for the Artificial Retina Project. This press conference included a speech by Energy Secretary Abraham, five minute video presentation, and multiple press releases. The press releases and video are listed below. Video A video explaining the artificial retina project and retinitis pigmentosa was shown during the press conference. This video is available on the video page. "See Artificial Retina Project Overview."

468

Artificial Retina Implant Eligibility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Participate to Participate February 14, 2013: BREAKING NEWS FDA Approves Argus II After more than 20 years of research and development, Second Sight Medical Products, Inc., has announced that it's Argus® II Retinal Prosthesis System ("Argus II") has received U.S. market approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat individuals with late stage retinitis pigmentosa (RP). This announcement followed receipt of the European approval in 2011, and a unanimous recommendation by the FDA's Ophthalmic Devices Advisory Panel in September 2012 that this revolutionary product be made available to treat this patient population in the U.S. With approval from the FDA, the Argus II is slated to be available later in 2013 in clinical centers across the country. Second Sight will be actively adding sites to make the therapy more readily available and encourages interested facilities and patients to contact them.

469

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C4, supplkment au no5, Tome41, mai 1980, page C4-91 NONEQUILIBRIUM SOLUBILITY AND SEGREGATION I N ION IMPLANTED, LASER ANNEALED SILICON(")  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ridge, TN 37830. Abstract.- Ion scattering and channelling measurements show that the rapid liquid phase equilibrium solid solubility limits. Model calculations require a distribution coefficient from the liquid far SOLUBILITY AND SEGREGATION I N ION IMPLANTED, LASER ANNEALED SILICON(") S,R. ~ilson(+),C.W. White, F.W. Young

Boyer, Edmond

470

Comparison of the Effects of High-Energy Photon Beam Irradiation (10 and 18 MV) on 2 Types of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Radiation therapy for cancer may be required for patients with implantable cardiac devices. However, the influence of secondary neutrons or scattered irradiation from high-energy photons (?10 MV) on implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) is unclear. This study was performed to examine this issue in 2 ICD models. Methods and Materials: ICDs were positioned around a water phantom under conditions simulating clinical radiation therapy. The ICDs were not irradiated directly. A control ICD was positioned 140 cm from the irradiation isocenter. Fractional irradiation was performed with 18-MV and 10-MV photon beams to give cumulative in-field doses of 600 Gy and 1600 Gy, respectively. Errors were checked after each fraction. Soft errors were defined as severe (change to safety back-up mode), moderate (memory interference, no changes in device parameters), and minor (slight memory change, undetectable by computer). Results: Hard errors were not observed. For the older ICD model, the incidences of severe, moderate, and minor soft errors at 18 MV were 0.75, 0.5, and 0.83/50 Gy at the isocenter. The corresponding data for 10 MV were 0.094, 0.063, and 0 /50 Gy. For the newer ICD model at 18 MV, these data were 0.083, 2.3, and 5.8 /50 Gy. Moderate and minor errors occurred at 18 MV in control ICDs placed 140 cm from the isocenter. The error incidences were 0, 1, and 0 /600 Gy at the isocenter for the newer model, and 0, 1, and 6 /600Gy for the older model. At 10 MV, no errors occurred in control ICDs. Conclusions: ICD errors occurred more frequently at 18 MV irradiation, which suggests that the errors were mainly caused by secondary neutrons. Soft errors of ICDs were observed with high energy photon beams, but most were not critical in the newer model. These errors may occur even when the device is far from the irradiation field.

Hashii, Haruko, E-mail: haruko@pmrc.tsukuba.ac.jp [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Hashimoto, Takayuki; Okawa, Ayako; Shida, Koichi; Isobe, Tomonori [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Hanmura, Masahiro; Nishimura, Tetsuo [Department of Radiation Oncology, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital, Nagaizumi, Shizuoka (Japan)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital, Nagaizumi, Shizuoka (Japan); Aonuma, Kazutaka [Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)] [Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Sakae, Takeji; Sakurai, Hideyuki [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

An introduction to the practical and ethical perspectives on the need to advance and standardize the intracoelomic surgical implantation of electronic tags in fish  

SciTech Connect

The intracoelomic surgical implantation of electronic tags (including radio and acoustic telemetry transmitters, passive integrated transponders and archival biologgers) is frequently used for conducting studies on fish. Electronic tagging studies provide information on the spatial ecology, behavior and survival of fish in marine and freshwater systems. However, any surgical procedure, particularly one where a laparotomy is performed and the coelomic cavity is opened, has the potential to alter the survival, behavior or condition of the animal which can impair welfare and introduce bias. Given that management, regulatory and conservation decisions are based on the assumption that fish implanted with electronic tags have similar fates and behavior relative to untagged conspecifics, it is critical to ensure that best surgical practices are being used. Also, the current lack of standardized surgical procedures and reporting of specific methodological details precludes cross-study and cross-year analyses which would further progress the field of fisheries science. This compilation of papers seeks to identify the best practices for the entire intracoelomic tagging procedure including pre- and post-operative care, anesthesia, wound closure, and use of antibiotics. Although there is a particular focus on salmonid smolts given the large body of literature available on that group, other life-stages and species of fish are discussed where there is sufficient knowledge. Additional papers explore the role of the veterinarian in fish surgeries, the need for minimal standards in the training of fish surgeons, providing a call for more complete and transparent procedures, and identifying trends in procedures and research needs. Collectively, this body of knowledge should help to improve data quality (including comparability and repeatability), enhance management and conservation strategies, and maintain the welfare status of tagged fish.

Brown, Richard S.; Eppard, M. B.; Murchie, Karen J.; Nielsen, Jennifer L.; Cooke, Steven J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Subclavian Vein Versus Arm Vein for Totally Implantable Central Venous Port for Patients with Head and Neck Cancer: A Retrospective Comparative Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: This study was designed to compare central venous ports (CVP) from two different routes of venous access-the subclavian vein and arm vein-in terms of safety for patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). Methods: Patients with HNC who underwent image-guided implantations of CVPs were retrospectively evaluated. All CVPs were implanted under local anesthesia. Primary outcome measurements were rates and types of adverse events (AEs). Secondary outcomes included technical success and rate and reason of CVP removal. Results: A total of 162 patients (subclavian port group, 47; arm port group, 115) were included in this study. Technical success was achieved in all patients. The median follow-up period was 94 (range, 1-891) days. Two patients in the subclavian port group experienced periprocedural complications. Postprocedural AEs were observed in 8.5 and 22.6% of the subclavian port and arm port group patients, respectively (P = 0.044). Phlebitis and system occlusions were observed only in the arm port group. The rate of infection was not significantly different between the two groups. The CVP was removed in 34 and 39.1% of the subclavian port and arm port patients, respectively. Conclusions: Both subclavian and arm CVPs are feasible in patients with HNC. AEs were more frequent in the arm port group; thus, the arm port is not recommended as the first choice for patients with HNC. However, further experience is needed to improve the placement technique and the maintenance of CVPs and a prospective analysis is warranted.

Akahane, Akio, E-mail: a.akahane@gmail.com; Sone, Miyuki; Ehara, Shigeru; Kato, Kenichi; Tanaka, Ryoichi; Nakasato, Tatsuhiko [Iwate Medical University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Iris-fixated intraocular lens implantation to correct moderate to high myopia in Asian-Indian eyes: Five-year results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purpose To evaluate the efficacy, safety, predictability, and stability of iris-fixated phakic intraocular lenses (pIOLs) to correct high myopia in an Asian-Indian population. Setting Tertiary eyecare center. Design Interventional case series. Methods Eyes with myopia from ?5.5 to ?24.0 diopters (D) had pIOL implantation and were examined postoperatively at 1 day, 1 week, 1, 3, and 6 months, and yearly for 5 years. Parameters evaluated were postoperative uncorrected (UDVA) and corrected (CDVA) distance visual acuities, predictability, efficacy, stability of mean spherical equivalent (SE), and endothelial cell loss. Results The study enrolled 85 eyes (44 patients). The mean CDVA improved from 6/10 preoperatively to 6/7 postoperatively and the mean UDVA, from 6/319 to 6/9. Postoperatively, the mean SE was ?0.63 0.55 D. Of the 51 eyes completing a 4-year follow-up; 19 (37.3%) had a mean SE of 0.50 D or less and 37 (72.5%) had a mean SE of 1.00 D or less. The CDVA improved 1 line or more in 35 eyes (68.6%); 14 eyes (27.5%) had postoperative CDVA similar to the preoperative CDVA. At 4years, the safety index was 1.46 and the efficacy index, 0.96. Thirty-six eyes (70.6%) had a postoperative UDVA better than the preoperative CDVA. The mean endothelial cell loss at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, and 48 months was 4.3%, 5.7%, 7.1%, 7.6%, 8.7%, 9.2%, 11.07%, and 12.4% respectively. Twenty eyes (23.5%) had reenclavation for spontaneous or traumatic disenclavation. Conclusion Postsurgical refractive outcomes of iris-fixated pIOL implantation for myopia were fairly predictable and stable in an Asian-Indian population. Financial Disclosure No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

Jeewan S. Titiyal; Namrata Sharma; Rashim Mannan; Archna Pruthi; Rasik B. Vajpayee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

The Surface Texturing of Monocrystalline Silicon with NH4OH and Ion Implantation for Applications in Solar Cells Compatible with CMOS Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work presents the development of photovoltaic cells based on p+/n junction in Si substrates, aimed at compatibility with fabrication processes with CMOS technology. The compatible processes, which are developed in this study, are the techniques: i) Si surface texturing, with the textured surface reflection of 15% obtained by the formation of micro-pyramids (heights between 3 and 7?m) using NH4OH (ammonium hydroxide) alkaline solution, which is free of undesirable contamination by Na+ and K+ ions, when NaOH and KOH traditional solutions are used, respectively, and ii) of the ECR-CVD (Electron Cyclotron Resonance - Chemical Vapor Deposition) deposition of SiNx (silicon nitride) anti-reflective coating (ARC), which is carried out at room temperature and can be performed after the end of cell fabrication without damage on metallic tracks and without variation of p+/n junction depth. The ARC coating characterization presented that the silicon nitride has a refractive index of 1.92 and a minimum reflectance of 1.03%, which is an excellent result for application in solar (or photovoltaic) cells. For the formation of the pn junction was used ion implantation process with 11B+, E=20KeV, dose of 1x1015cm2 and four rotations of 90 to get uniformity on texturized surfaces.

A.R. Silva; J. Miyoshi; J.A. Diniz; I. Doi; J. Godoy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Dose Escalation to the Dominant Intraprostatic Lesion Defined by Sextant Biopsy in a Permanent Prostate I-125 Implant: A Prospective Comparative Toxicity Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Using real-time intraoperative inverse-planned permanent seed prostate implant (RTIOP/PSI), multiple core biopsy maps, and three-dimensional ultrasound guidance, we planned a boost volume (BV) within the prostate to which hyperdosage was delivered selectively. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential negative effects of such a procedure. Methods and Materials: Patients treated with RTIOP/PSI for localized prostate cancer with topographic biopsy results received an intraprostatic boost (boost group [BG]). They were compared with patients treated with a standard plan (reference group [RG]). Plans were generated using a simulated annealing inverse planning algorithm. Prospectively recorded urinary, rectal, and sexual toxicities and dosimetric parameters were compared between groups. Results: The study included 120 patients treated with boost technique who were compared with 70 patients treated with a standard plan. Boost technique did not significantly change the number of seeds (55.1/RG vs. 53.6/BG). The intraoperative prostate V150 was slightly higher in BG (75.2/RG vs. 77.2/BG, p = 0.039). Urethra V100, urethra D90, and rectal D50 were significantly lower in the BG. No significant differences were seen in acute or late urinary, rectal, or sexual toxicities. Conclusions: Because there were no differences between the groups in acute and late toxicities, we believe that BV can be planned and delivered to the dominant intraprostatic lesion without increasing toxicity. It is too soon to say whether a boost technique will ultimately increase local control.

Gaudet, Marc; Vigneault, Eric; Aubin, Sylviane; Varfalvy, Nicolas [Departement de radio-oncologie, L'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec (Canada); Harel, Francois [Centre de recherche de l'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, L'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec (Canada); Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Centre de recherche en cancerologie de l'Universite Laval, Quebec (Canada); Beaulieu, L. [Departement de radio-oncologie, L'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec (Canada); Centre de recherche de l'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, L'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec (Canada); Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Centre de recherche en cancerologie de l'Universite Laval, Quebec (Canada); Martin, Andre-Guy, E-mail: Andre-Guy.Martin@mail.chuq.qc.c [Departement de radio-oncologie, L'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec (Canada)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

CHUNG K. (ED) LAW Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

..................................................................................................................................3 Employment ...............................................................................................................................3 Research statistics

477

Strategic inventory management in an aerospace supply chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces multiple methods to set and optimize inventory levels. These methods are then classified based on the complexity involved to implement them. As an organization develops a deeper understanding of ...

Mauro, Joseph (Joseph Peter)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

May 12, 2011, Visiting Speakers Program Events - Aerospace Industry...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

breakers Control relays Control switches Extension cords Dry-cell and cell-phone batteries Industrial automation software Motors Welding electrodes...

479

Herek Clack Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, University of California, Berkeley, 1998 Awards/Honors Rockwell International, Rocketdyne Division Manager

Saniie, Jafar

480

Capacity planning and change management in an aerospace overhaul cell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purpose - This thesis analyzes the transformation of the Small Components Cell in Pratt & Whitney's aftermarket division through lean manufacturing techniques. The thesis focuses on use of a labor capacity planning model, ...

Walker, David, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Experimental Study on the Aerospace Applications of Photoreactive Nanomaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy of the light-activated ignition of single-walled carbon nanotubes (cluster of nanotubes [14]. an activation energy of E A = 119

Wirth, David M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Aerospace Engineering Pickup Truck AerodynamicsPickup Truck Aerodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distribution on a generic pickup truck geometry. · To measure the unsteady flow field in the near wake, suction type wind tunnel · Pickup truck model provided by GM R&D · Ground board mounted on top side of tunnel · Actual wind tunnel cross section 60 x 50 cm · Model mounted 380 mm from ground board leading

Al-Garni, Abdullah M.

483

CARLETON UNIVERSITY Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

............................................................................................................................... 7 MATERIALS autonomous operations of a UAS. The overall GeoSurv II (GS II) avionics system design was initially handled avionics system requirements, carried out function analyses and generated functional flow block diagrams

Dawson, Jeff W.

484

Power generation from nuclear reactors in aerospace applications  

SciTech Connect

Power generation in nuclear powerplants in space is addressed. In particular, the states of technology of the principal competitive concepts for power generation are assessed. The possible impact of power conditioning on power generation is also discussed. For aircraft nuclear propulsion, the suitability of various technologies is cursorily assessed for flight in the Earth's atmosphere. A program path is suggested to ease the conditions of first use of aircraft nuclear propulsion.

English, R.E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Experimental Study on the Aerospace Applications of Photoreactive Nanomaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electrodes in an inert atmosphere. A plasma arc is createdplasma based rockets which do not function well in Earths atmosphere [

Wirth, David M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

REMARKS FOR DEPUTY ADMINISTRTOR GARVER WOMEN IN AEROSPACE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to some ­ that may end up being the same thing as "gloating") and what a bright future I believe we have for the benefit of all humankind 2) For the welfare and security of the United States 3) To seek and encourage

487

"Conducting basic and applied research in advanced aerospace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of scramjets, a cutting-edge technology that uses ram compressed air to reach speeds many times faster than of the Department of Defense and NASA to evaluate scramjet technology · Developed new experimental scramjet database that is being used to validate advanced numerical models for the prediction of scramjet performance · Discovered

Acton, Scott

488

Pratik Donde Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this approach for simulating various experimental scramjet combustor configurations ­ Contributed towards

Raman, Venkat

489

adaptive aerospace tools: Topics by E-print Network  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Sciences Websites Summary: tutoring and educational games. This educational software is traditionally designed for one-computer-input educational software (see e.g....