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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Physics Division ESH Bulletin 99-2 OPERATIONAL IMPERATIVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be found in the Institutional Plan. · · · · · · · · Conduct all operations with due regard for the health and conduct all operations in a safe and environmentally responsible manner . Adhere to the highestPhysics Division ESH Bulletin 99-2 OPERATIONAL IMPERATIVES: NOT JUST FOR MANAGERS In the course

2

Capital Access Program (CAP) (Michigan)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Capital Access Program (CAP), utilizes public resources to generate private financing for small business in Michigan seeking access to capital. Funding from the Michigan Strategic Fund is...

3

The Technology Imperative and The Future of R&D Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Technology Imperative and The Future of R&D Policy Gregory Tassey Senior Economist National Institute of Standards and Technology September 2009 tassey@nist.gov 301-975-2663 http://www.nist.gov/director/planning/strategicplanning.htm The Technology Imperative and The Future of R&D Policy Gregory Tassey Senior Economist National Institute

4

Nuclear Hybrid Energy Systems: Imperatives, Prospects, and Challenges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As global population reaches an expected 8 billion people by 2030, primary energy consumption is expected to increase by almost 40% from approximately 520 exajoules consumed today to almost 740 exajoules. Much of this increase is expected to come from non-Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) nations, and Asia specifically. In these economies, energy used for transportation is expected to grow substantially, as is industrial, commercial and to a lesser degree residential energy use, creating considerable pressure on global and local energy markets. The magnitude and timing of growth in energy consumption likely will create a global imperative to deploy energy production technologies that balance the three pillars of energy security: economic stability related to the affordability of energy products, stability and predictability in their price, and the efficient and effective deployment of global capital resources in their development; environmental sustainability related to minimizing the negative impacts of energy production to air, land, and water systems and advancing the long-term viability of using a particular resource in a way that does not limit future generations ability to prosper; resource security related to the ability to access energy resources and products where and when necessary, in an affordable and predictable manner. One approach to meeting these objectives is hybrid energy systems (HES). Broadly described, HES are energy product production plants that take two or more energy resource inputs (typically includes both carbon and non-carbon based sources) and produce two or more energy products (e.g. electricity, liquid transportation fuels, industrial chemicals) in an integrated plant. Nuclear energy integration into HES offers intriguing potential, particularly if smaller (<300 MWe) reactors are available. Although the concept of using nuclear energy in a variety of non-electrical process applications is certainly not new, renewed interest in more tightly coupled energy product plants (such as HES) that meet the objectives outline above have gained additional interest recently, an interest likely sparked by sharpening energy security concerns. Studies have shown that non-nuclear integrated (hybrid) energy systems can have appealing attributes in terms of overall process efficiency, enhanced electric grid stability, renewable energy integration, and economic performance, and lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions. These attributes seem to be sufficiently compelling that several significant commercial investments in fossil-renewable HES are being made in the United States while the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has openly solicited information regarding nuclear energy integration schemes. The challenges of nuclear energy integration include myriad issues associated with the following RD&D areas, or platforms: feedstock processing (e.g. bio-feedstock integration with coal, carbon feedstock extraction using nuclear energy); heat / energy management (e.g. advanced heat exchangers, process design); energy storage (e.g. H2 production, liquid fuels synthesis); byproduct management (e.g. CO2 recycle approaches); systems dynamics, integration and control (e.g. process dynamics analyses and optimization, advanced prognostics, diagnostics, variable time scale control and flow sheet optimization).

Steven E. Aumeier

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

69. Red Butte-Red Fir Ridge (Shasta Red Fir) (Imper 1988b, Cheng 1996d)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

69. Red Butte-Red Fir Ridge (Shasta Red Fir) (Imper 1988b, Cheng 1996d) Location This established (fig. 139). Ecological subsection ­ High Cascades (M261Df). Target Element Red Fir (Abies magnifica) Distinctive Features Shasta Red Fir Forest: Taxonomically, the description of Shasta red fir (Abies magnifica

Standiford, Richard B.

6

Root Cause Analysis (RCA) & Corrective Action Plan (CAP) | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Root Cause Analysis (RCA) & Corrective Action Plan (CAP) Root Cause Analysis (RCA) & Corrective Action Plan (CAP) Improving the Department of Energy's project and contract...

7

The IT Energy Efficiency Imperative A white paper for decision makers on the urgency and benefits of embracing IT energy efficiency principles and practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The IT Energy Efficiency Imperative A white paper for decision makers on the urgency and benefits of embracing IT energy efficiency principles and practices #12;The IT Energy Efficiency Imperative Mark Aggar | June 2011 www.microsoft.com/environment tt #12;The IT Energy Efficiency Imperative 3 4 5 6 3 4 5 6

Narasayya, Vivek

8

Tip cap for a turbine rotor blade  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A turbine rotor blade with a spar and shell construction, and a tip cap that includes a row of lugs extending from a bottom side that form dovetail grooves that engage with similar shaped lugs and grooves on a tip end of the spar to secure the tip cap to the spar against radial displacement. The lug on the trailing edge end of the tip cap is aligned perpendicular to a chordwise line of the blade in the trailing edge region in order to minimize stress due to the lugs wanting to bend under high centrifugal loads. A two piece tip cap with lugs at different angles will reduce the bending stress even more.

Kimmel, Keith D

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

9

2009 CAPS Spring Forecast Program Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

package. · Two 18 UTC update forecasts on demand basis, with the same domain and configuration, running2009 CAPS Spring Forecast Experiment Program Plan April 20, 2009 #12;2 Table of Content 1. Overview .......................................................................................................4 3. Forecast System Configuration

Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

10

Absolute vs. intensity-based emission caps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cap-and-trade systems limit emissions to some pre-specified absolute quantity. Intensity-based limits, that restrict emissions to some pre-specified rate relative to input or output, are much more widely used in environmental ...

Ellerman, A. Denny.

11

Plant and Soil 249: 203215, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

including municipal biosolids, woody debris, wood ash, pulp and paper sludge, and compost. The existing soil to less than 4 mg kg-1in two of the treatments. Use of conventional amendments including lime alone-nutrients. Conventional restoration technologies involve covering tailings with an imper- meable plastic material (such

Brown, Sally

12

SolCAP PROJECT OVERVIEW The Basis of SolCAP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SolCAP PROJECT OVERVIEW The Basis of SolCAP: Leverage knowledge and resources from the Solanaceae Project Co-Directors: David Douches1, Robin Buell1, David Francis2, Allen Van Deynze3, Walter De Jong4, Lukas Mueller4 and Alexandra Stone5, Project Assistant: Kelly Zarka1 1: Michigan State University, 2

Douches, David S.

13

Capping of Water Wells for Future Use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in determining the condition of your well, contact: S your local groundwater conservation dis- trict http://www.tceq.state.tx.us/permitting/ water_supply/groundwater/districts.html S a licensed water well driller in your area S the Water Well Drillers Program... are the steps in capping a well? The landowner, a licensed well driller or a licensed pump installer may cap a well. There are several steps involved. The well casing should extend above the ground surface to limit the risk of water entering the well...

Lesikar, Bruce J.; Mechell, Justin

2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

14

Valve Cap For An Electric Storage Cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The valve cap for an electric storage cell includes a central annular valve seat (23) and a membrane (5) fixed by its peripheral edge and urged against the seat by a piston (10) bearing thereagainst by means of a spring (12), the rear end of said spring (12) bearing on the endwall (8) of a chamber (20) formed in the cap and containing the piston (10) and the spring. A vent (19) puts the chamber (20) into communication with the atmosphere. A central orifice (26, 28) through the piston (10) and the membrane (5), enables gas from within the cell to escape via the top vent (19) when the valve opens.

Verhoog, Roelof (Bordeaux, FR); Genton, Alain (Merignac, FR)

2000-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

15

High-pressure jet cutters improve capping operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advances in abrasive cutting technology have improved the methods for removing damaged equipment and preparing wellheads for capping. This technology, much of which was refined during well control operations in Kuwait in 1991, can improve the safety and efficiency of capping jobs by cutting wellheads or casing quickly and cleanly. The majority of well control jobs involve one of three types of capping operations: capping to a flange, capping by installing a wellhead, or capping to a casing stub. Capping operations are often the first major step in regaining control of the well during blowout intervention. Proper planning of a capping operation must take into account the mass flow rate, combustible nature of the flow, well bore geometry, and operations in the post-capping phase of the project. The paper discusses capping vehicles, tree removal, jet cutters, capping to a flange, capping to a stub, swallowing the stub, spin-on technique, capping on fire, stinging, offshore blowouts, firefighting, pollution control, intervention equipment, and rig removal.

Abel, L.W.; Campbell, P.J.; Bowden, J.R. Sr. [Wild Well Control Inc., Spring, TX (United States)

1995-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

16

NETWORK OF EXCELLENCE The CAP & Bioenergy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a campaign to inform farmers about markets for energy crops. #12;BIOENERGY NETWORK OF EXCELLENCE BAPBIOENERGY NETWORK OF EXCELLENCE The CAP & Bioenergy Driver or Barrier? IEA Bioenergy ExCo58://www.ieabioenergy.com/DocSet.aspx?id=5331 #12;BIOENERGY NETWORK OF EXCELLENCE IIIEE ? · A (relatively) small institute in a large University

17

The Cambridge CAP Computer 5. I Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' trip to observe the develop- ment of the Chicago Magic Number machine. First, it was possible to build reliable hardware from off-the-shelf TTL components. Second, and more important, it waspossible. All CAP I/O, with the exception of a single control ter- minal and paper tape, is performed

Levy, Hank

18

Cap-and-Trade A. Denny Ellerman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIT CEEEPR Cap-and-Trade A. Denny Ellerman Massachusetts Institute of Technology Emissions Trading for Energy and Environmental Policy Research #12;MIT CEEEPR Two Types of Air Emissions Trading · Credit- · OTC/SIP-Call NOx Budget Programs: 1999- · EU's CO2 Emissions Trading Scheme: 2005- ­ The first CO2

19

NUCLEAR WASTE VITRIFICATION EFFICIENCY COLD CAP REACTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cost and schedule of nuclear waste treatment and immobilization are greatly affected by the rate of glass production. Various factors influence the performance of a waste-glass melter. One of the most significant, and also one of the least understood, is the process of batch melting. Studies are being conducted to gain fundamental understanding of the batch reactions, particularly those that influence the rate of melting, and models are being developed to link batch makeup and melter operation to the melting rate. Batch melting takes place within the cold cap, i.e., a batch layer floating on the surface of molten glass. The conversion of batch to glass consists of various chemical reactions, phase transitions, and diffusion-controlled processes. These include water evaporation (slurry feed contains as high as 60% water), gas evolution, the melting of salts, the formation of borate melt, reactions of borate melt with molten salts and with amorphous oxides (Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), the formation of intermediate crystalline phases, the formation of a continuous glass-forming melt, the growth and collapse of primary foam, and the dissolution of residual solids. To this list we also need to add the formation of secondary foam that originates from molten glass but accumulates on the bottom of the cold cap. This study presents relevant data obtained for a high-level-waste melter feed and introduces a one-dimensional (1D) mathematical model of the cold cap as a step toward an advanced three-dimensional (3D) version for a complete model of the waste glass melter. The 1D model describes the batch-to-glass conversion within the cold cap as it progresses in a vertical direction. With constitutive equations and key parameters based on measured data, and simplified boundary conditions on the cold-cap interfaces with the glass melt and the plenum space of the melter, the model provides sensitivity analysis of the response of the cold cap to the batch makeup and melter conditions. The model demonstrates that batch foaming has a decisive influence on the rate of melting. Understanding the dynamics of the foam layer at the bottom of the cold cap and the heat transfer through it appears crucial for a reliable prediction of the rate of melting as a function of the melter-feed makeup and melter operation parameters. Although the study is focused on a batch for waste vitrification, the authors expect that the outcome will also be relevant for commercial glass melting.

KRUGER AA; HRMA PR; POKORNY R

2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

20

Australia's Carbon Cap-and-Tax Fiasco 24 July 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Australia's Carbon Cap-and-Tax Fiasco 24 July 2014 James Hansen I have been fortunate to be able as a cap-and-tax. Australia is now the largest carbon polluter per capita among major nations (see Figure 1

Hansen, James E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Facing Facebook: Australia's Cap-and-Tax 29 July 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Facing Facebook: Australia's Cap-and-Tax 29 July 2014 James Hansen At least until I finish my in Australia re their cap-and-trade were (1) it would be ineffectual in reducing emissions, and (2) it would

Hansen, James E.

22

Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS) www.caps.ucsf.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the TIE Core at CAPS "Tying research and community together" Research with Drug Users Acute UFO Study rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The Acute UFO study has identified 135 incident HCV

Klein, Ophir

23

Abstract--With increasing international trade of secondary materials it is imperative to start including it in our analysis of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-- With increasing international trade of secondary materials it is imperative to start, exhibiting an increase in waste recovery and recycling rates. However, the key underlying factor driving trade, taking recycling overseas, where there exists not only a greater demand for secondary materials

Gutowski, Timothy

24

In any gearbox, lubrication is just as important as the hardware. In wind turbine gearboxes, it is imperative that  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Wind turbines are also subject to conditions that range from extremely low temperatures to contaminantsIn any gearbox, lubrication is just as important as the hardware. In wind turbine gearboxes, it is imperative that the lubricant not only protects gearbox components, but also maintains a significant design

Chapman, Clark R.

25

Status of the AlCap experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The AlCap experiment is a joint project between the COMET and Mu2e collaborations. Both experiments intend to look for the lepton-flavour violating conversion $\\mu + A \\rightarrow e + A$, using tertiary muons from high-power pulsed proton beams. In these experiments the products of ordinary muon capture in the muon stopping target are an important concern, both in terms of hit rates in tracking detectors and radiation damage to equipment. The goal of the AlCap experiment is to provide precision measurements of the products of nuclear capture on Aluminium, which is the favoured target material for both COMET and Mu2e. The results will be used for optimising the design of both conversion experiments, and as input to their simulations. Data was taken in December 2013 and is currently being analysed.

Litchfield, R Phillip

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Status of the AlCap experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The AlCap experiment is a joint project between the COMET and Mu2e collaborations. Both experiments intend to look for the lepton-flavour violating conversion $\\mu + A \\rightarrow e + A$, using tertiary muons from high-power pulsed proton beams. In these experiments the products of ordinary muon capture in the muon stopping target are an important concern, both in terms of hit rates in tracking detectors and radiation damage to equipment. The goal of the AlCap experiment is to provide precision measurements of the products of nuclear capture on Aluminium, which is the favoured target material for both COMET and Mu2e. The results will be used for optimising the design of both conversion experiments, and as input to their simulations. Data was taken in December 2013 and is currently being analysed.

R. Phillip Litchfield

2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

27

Laboratory testing of closure cap repair techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Landfill design requires a low permeability closure cap as well as a low permeability liner. The Savannah River Site, in South Carolina, has approximately 85 acres of mixed waste landfills covered with compacted kaolin clay. Maintaining low permeability of the clay cap requires both that the permeability of the compacted clay itself remain low and that the integrity of the barrier be maintained. Barrier breaches typically result from penetration by roots or animals, and especially cracks caused by uneven settling or desiccation. In this study, clay layers, 0.81 m in diameter and 7.6 cm thick, were compacted in 7 lysimeters to simulate closure caps. The hydraulic conductivity of each layer was measured, and the compacted clay layers (CCL`s) were cracked by drying. Then various repair techniques were applied and the effectiveness of each repair was assessed by remeasuring the hydraulic conductivity. Finally the repaired CCL was again dried and measured to determine how the repair responded to the conditions that caused the original failure. For a full report of this investigation see Persoff et al. Six repair techniques have been tested, four of which involve the use of injectable barrier liquids colloidal silica (CS) and polysiloxane (PSX) described below: (I) covering the crack with a bentonite geosynthetic clay liner (GCL), (ii) recompaction of new kaolinite at STD+3 moisture content joined to existing kaolinite that had dried and shrunk, (iii) direct injection of colloidal silica to a crack, (iv) injection of colloidal silica (CS) to wells in an overlying sand layer, (v) direct injection of polysiloxane to a crack, and (vi), injection of polysiloxane (PSX) to wells in an overlying soil layer.

Persoff, P.; Moridis, G. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Tuck, D.M. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, Aiken, SC (United States)] [and others

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

CeCap LLP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahanWindSyracuse, NY JumpKS"Cayucos,CeCap LLP

29

CAP Program Guidance | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd:June 2015 < prevBuildingBusinessC/OSectionCAP Program

30

Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cap and trade programs are increasingly being used to reduce emissions from electricity generation in the United States. Cap and trade programs primarily target emitting generators, but programs have also included renewable generators, such as wind generators. States cite several reasons why they have considered the policy option of including renewable generators in cap and trade programs: to provide an incentive for lower-emitting generation, to achieve emissions reductions in non-capped pollutants, and to gain local economic benefits associated with renewable energy projects. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency also notes these rationales for considering this policy alternative, and the National Association of Regulatory Commissioners (NARUC) passed a resolution supporting the inclusion of renewable energy in cap and trade programs. This report explores why states consider this policy option, what participation could mean for wind generators, and how wind generation can most effectively be included in state, federal, and regional cap and trade programs.

Bluestein, J.; Salerno, E.; Bird, L.; Vimmerstedt, L.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

CaPS Application Form -2012 CAPITAL PROJECTS AND SPACE ALLOCATION COMMITTEE (CAPS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

No B TOTAL PROJECT COST ESTIMATE / OPERATING COSTS TOTAL PROJECT COST (TPC) $ Project Number: Requested project tendered at a cost exceeding the above pre-design estimate will not proceed unless the partyCaPS Application Form - 2012 CAPITAL PROJECTS AND SPACE ALLOCATION COMMITTEE (CAPS) APPLICATION

Toronto, University of

32

Preform spar cap for a wind turbine rotor blade  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A spar cap for a wind turbine rotor blade. The spar cap may include multiple preform components. The multiple preform components may be planar sheets having a swept shape with a first end and a second end. The multiple preform components may be joined by mating the first end of a first preform component to the second end of a next preform component, forming the spar cap.

Livingston, Jamie T. (Simpsonville, SC); Driver, Howard D. (Greer, SC); van Breugel, Sjef (Enschede, NL); Jenkins, Thomas B. (Cantonment, FL); Bakhuis, Jan Willem (Nijverdal, NL); Billen, Andrew J. (Daarlerveen, NL); Riahi, Amir (Pensacola, FL)

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

33

Casimir effect in hemisphere capped tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we investigate the vacuum densities for a massive scalar field with general curvature coupling in background of a (2+1)-dimensional spacetime corresponding to a cylindrical tube with a hemispherical cap. A complete set of mode functions is constructed and the positive-frequency Wightman function is evaluated for both the cylindrical and hemispherical subspaces. On the base of this, the vacuum expectation values of the field squared and energy-momentum tensor are investigated. The mean field squared and the normal stress are finite on the boundary separating two subspaces, whereas the energy density and the parallel stress diverge as the inverse power of the distance from the boundary. For a conformally coupled field, the vacuum energy density is negative on the cylindrical part of the space. On the hemisphere, it is negative near the top and positive close to the boundary. In the case of minimal coupling the energy density on the cup is negative. On the tube it is positive near the boundary and negative at large distances. Though the geometries of the subspaces are different, the Casimir pressures on the separate sides of the boundary are equal and the net Casimir force vanishes. The results obtained may be applied to capped carbon nanotubes described by an effective field theory in the long-wavelength approximation.

E. R. Bezerra de Mello; A. A. Saharian

2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

34

IN SITU REMEDIATION OF CONTAMINATED SEDIMENTS - ACTIVE CAPPING TECHNOLOGY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Active capping is a relatively new approach for treating contaminated sediments. It involves applying chemically reactive amendments to the sediment surface. The main role of active caps is to stabilize contaminants in contaminated sediments, lower the bioavailable pool of contaminants, and reduce the release of contaminants to the water column. Metals are common contaminants in many marine and fresh water environments as a result of industrial and military activities. The mobile, soluble forms of metals are generally considered toxic. Induced chemical precipitation of these metals can shift toxic metals from the aqueous phase to a solid, precipitated phase which is often less bioavailable. This approach can be achieved through application of sequestering agents such as rock phosphates, organoclays, zeolites, clay minerals, and biopolymers (e.g., chitosan) in active capping technology. Active capping holds great potential for a more permanent solution that avoids residual risks resulting from contaminant migration through the cap or breaching of the cap. In addition to identifying superior active capping agents, research is needed to optimize application techniques, application rates, and amendment combinations that maximize sequestration of contaminants. A selected set of active capping treatment technologies has been demonstrated at a few sites, including a field demonstration at the Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC. This demonstration has provided useful information on the effects of sequestering agents on metal immobilization, bioavailability, toxicity, and resistance to mechanical disturbance.

Knox, A.; Roberts, J.; Paller, M.; Reible, D.

2010-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

35

Late Neoproterozoic cap carbonates: Mackenzie Mountains, northwestern Canada: precipitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carbonate is thus interpreted to have formed in two steps: (1) during initial marine ice melting accompaniedLate Neoproterozoic cap carbonates: Mackenzie Mountains, northwestern Canada: precipitation and global glacial meltdown Noel P. James, Guy M. Narbonne, T. Kurtis Kyser Abstract: The 327 m-thick cap

Narbonne, Guy

36

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural policy cap Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

University of Tokyo Collection: Engineering 12 NETWORK OF EXCELLENCE The CAP & Bioenergy Summary: aspect in the CAP. 12;BIOENERGY NETWORK OF EXCELLENCE As agriculture...

37

Apparatus and method for cooling a combustor cap  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A combustor includes an end cap having a perforated downstream plate and a combustion chamber downstream of the downstream plate. A plenum is in fluid communication with the downstream plate and supplies a cooling medium to the combustion chamber through the perforations in the downstream plate. A method for cooling a combustor includes flowing a cooling medium into a combustor end cap and impinging the cooling medium on a downstream plate in the combustor end cap. The method further includes flowing the cooling medium into a combustion chamber through perforations in the downstream plate.

Zuo, Baifang; Washam, Roy Marshall; Wu, Chunyang

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

38

Cap-and-Trade Properties under Different Scheme Designs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper examines the key design mechanisms of existing and proposed cap-and-trade markets. First, it is shown that the hybrid systems under investigation (safety-valve with offsets, price floor using a subsidy, price ...

Taschini, Luca

39

Assessment of U.S. cap-and-trade proposals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...

Paltsev, Sergey V.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...

Paltsev, Sergey

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A study of water driven oil encroachment into gas caps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STUDY OF WATER DRIVEN OIL ENCROACHMENT INTO GAS CAPS LIBRARY A S I COLLEGE OF TEXAS A Thesis By HARLAN J. RITCH ~ ~ ~ Submitted to the Graduate School oi' the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May, 1958 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering A STUDY OF WATER DRIVEN OIL ENCROACHMENT INTO GAS CAPS A Thesis By HARLAN J. RITCH Approved as to style and content by: hairxnan of Coxnxnittee) (Head...

Ritch, Harlan J

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Discusi on de los Resultados Cap tulo 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parte II Discusi#19;on de los Resultados Num#19;ericos 57 #12; #12; Cap#19;#16;tulo 4 An#19;alisis Num#19;erico Preliminar En este cap#19;#16;tulo se analiza el proceso de dispersi#19;on cl#19;asico y. 2.6 muestra un escenario gen#19;erico para el desarrollo de la herradura. En funci#19;on del par#19

Mejía-Monasterio, Carlos

43

Proceedings: In Situ Contaminated Sediment Capping Workshop: Cincinnati, Ohio, May 12-14, 2003  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The In Situ Contaminated Sediment Capping Workshop was designed to provide the most current information and bring about consensus in understanding of a technology that offers one of the few options for remediation of contaminated sediments. These electronic proceedings document workshop sessions on various capping issues, such as site assessment; cap suitability, performance, and design; site monitoring; and research and development in capping.

None

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Economic evaluation of closure cap barrier materials study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Volume II of the Economic Evaluation of the Closure Cap Barrier Materials, Revision I contains detailed cost estimates for closure cap barrier materials. The cost estimates incorporate the life cycle costs for a generic hazardous waste seepage basin closure cap under the RCRA Post Closure Period of thirty years. The economic evaluation assessed six barrier material categories. Each of these categories consists of several composite cover system configurations, which were used to develop individual cost estimates. The information contained in this report is not intended to be used as a cost estimating manual. This information provides the decision makers with the ability to screen barrier materials, cover system configurations, and identify cost-effective materials for further consideration.

Serrato, M.G.; Bhutani, J.S.; Mead, S.M.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Distribution of galaxies in the Southern Galactic Cap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observations in the southern galactic hemisphere in the declination range between -17.5 and 2.5 degrees are combined with other available observation. The data set is used to study the spatial distribution of galaxies of a contiguous area of 3.13 sr of the Southern Galactic Cap. An approximately homogeneous magnitude-limited sample of galaxies in the Southern Galactic Cap is constructed from different catalogs. The resulting large scale structure is similar to that of previous surveys in which bright galaxies are distributed on surfaces which intersect at sharp corners and nearly surround voids that are almost empty of galaxies. 29 refs.

Pellegrini, P.S.; Da Costa, L.N.; Willmer, C.N.A.; Huchra, J.P.; Latham, D.W. (Observatorio Nacional do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA (USA))

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Nuclear Energy R&D Imperative 3: Enable a Transition Away from Fossil Fuel in the Transportation and Industrial Sectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As described in the Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energys Nuclear Energy R&D Roadmap, nuclear energy can play a significant role in supplying energy for a growing economy while reducing both our dependence on foreign energy supplies and emissions from the burning of fossil fuels. The industrial and transportation sectors are responsible for more than half of the greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S., and imported oil supplies 70% of the energy used in the transportation sector. It is therefore important to examine the various ways nuclear energy can facilitate a transition away from fossil fuels to secure environmentally sustainable production and use of energy in the transportation and manufacturing industry sectors. Imperative 3 of the Nuclear Energy R&D Roadmap, entitled Enable a Transition Away from Fossil Fuels by Producing Process Heat for use in the Transportation and Industrial Sectors, addresses this need. This document presents an Implementation Plan for R&D efforts related to this imperative. The expanded use of nuclear energy beyond the electrical grid will contribute significantly to overcoming the three inter-linked energy challenges facing U.S. industry: the rising and volatile prices for premium fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas, dependence on foreign sources for these fuels, and the risks of climate change resulting from carbon emissions. Nuclear energy could be used in the industrial and transportation sectors to: Generate high temperature process heat and electricity to serve industrial needs including the production of chemical feedstocks for use in manufacturing premium fuels and fertilizer products, Produce hydrogen for industrial processes and transportation fuels, and Provide clean water for human consumption by desalination and promote wastewater treatment using low-grade nuclear heat as a useful additional benefit. Opening new avenues for nuclear energy will significantly enhance our nations energy security through more effective utilization of our countrys resources while simultaneously providing economic stability and growth (through predictable energy prices and high value jobs), in an environmentally sustainable and secure manner (through lower land and water use, and decreased byproduct emissions). The reduction in imported oil will also increase the retention of wealth within the U.S. economy while still supporting economic growth. Nuclear energy is the only non-fossil fuel that has been demonstrated to reliably supply energy for a growing industrial economy.

David Petti; J. Stephen Herring

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Integrated Modeling and Decision-Support System for Water Management in the Puget Sound Basin: Snow Caps to White Caps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Final Report for the EPA-sponsored project Snow Caps to White Caps that provides data products and insight for water resource managers to support their predictions and management actions to address future changes in water resources (fresh and marine) in the Puget Sound basin. This report details the efforts of a team of scientists and engineers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and the University of Washington (UW) to examine the movement of water in the Snohomish Basin, within the watershed and the estuary, under present and future conditions, using a set of linked numerical models.

Copping, Andrea E.; Yang, Zhaoqing; Voisin, Nathalie; Richey, Jeff; Wang, Taiping; Taira, Randal Y.; Constans, Michael; Wigmosta, Mark S.; Van Cleve, Frances B.; Tesfa, Teklu K.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

48

Bringing Transportation into a Cap-and-Trade Regime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The U.S. may at some point adopt a national cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases, and if and when that happens the system of CAFE regulation of vehicle design very likely could still be in place. Imposed independently ...

Ellerman, A. Denny.

49

Ecology of Wintering Black-capped Vireos in Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Winter habitat use by black-capped vireos was best predicted by increasing values of slope and foliage cover, and by decreasing values of canopy cover and tree diameter. Vireo use plots characterized as thorn forest had greater foliage density, greater...

Powell, Robert Andrew

2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

50

Enhanced thermal stability of phosphate capped magnetite nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the effect of phosphate capping on the high temperature thermal stability and magnetic properties of magnetite (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}) nanoparticles synthesized through a single-step co-precipitation method. The prepared magnetic nanoparticles are characterized using various techniques. When annealed in air, the phosphate capped nanoparticle undergoes a magnetic to non-magnetic phase transition at a temperature of 689?C as compared to 580?C in the uncoated nanoparticle of similar size. The observed high temperature phase stability of phosphate capped nanoparticle is attributed to the formation of a phosphocarbonaceous shell over the nanoparticles, which acts as a covalently attached protective layer and improves the thermal stability of the core material by increasing the activation energy. The phosphocarbonaceous shell prevents the intrusion of heat, oxygen, volatiles, and mass into the magnetic core. At higher temperatures, the coalescence of nanoparticles occurs along with the restructuring of the phosphocarbonaceous shell into a vitreous semisolid layer on the nanoparticles, which is confirmed from the small angle X-ray scattering, Fourier transform infra red spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy measurements. The probable mechanism for the enhancement of thermal stability of phosphocarbonaceous capped nanoparticles is discussed.

Muthukumaran, T.; Philip, John, E-mail: philip@igcar.gov.in [SMARTS, Metallurgy and Materials Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu-603 102 (India)

2014-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

51

November 2008 A Cap andTrade System for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% below BC's 2007 levels by 2020. BC is a participant in the Western Climate Initiative (WCI)--a group of US states and Canadian provinces that intends to establish a cap and trade market to open in 2012 allowances, competitiveness concerns, and integration with other GHG policies, and establishes a number

Pedersen, Tom

52

POLLEN DISPERSAL AND DEPOSITION ON THE QUELCCAYA ICE CAp, PERU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLLEN DISPERSAL AND DEPOSITION ON THE QUELCCAYA ICE CAp, PERU Carl A. Reese and Kam-biu Liu: The relatively young science of tropical ice-core palynology has proven effective in the study of paleoenvironments by its ability to produce long-term and high- resolution paleoclimatic data. However, no studies

Liu, Kam-biu

53

FIELD PERFORMANCE OF GEOTEXTILE REINFORCED SLUDGE CAPS AHMET H. AYDILEK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

589 FIELD PERFORMANCE OF GEOTEXTILE REINFORCED SLUDGE CAPS AHMET H. AYDILEK UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN the filtration performance of sludge-geotextile systems and investigate their durability, ten sludge lagoon test be effectively used in filtering contaminated wastewater treatment sludges. Considering the constructability

Aydilek, Ahmet

54

These notes are from 2010 Cap and Trade Working Already  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acid Rain These notes are from 2010 #12;Cap and Trade Working Already December 15, 2009 10:14 AM across the country decreased emissions of SO2, a precursor to acid rain, to 7.6 million tons in 2008. #12;Overview of Acid Rain Phenomenon Most common term for acidification of the environment, which can occur

Toohey, Darin W.

55

The Florida Economy and a Federal Carbon Cap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Florida Economy and a Federal Carbon Cap A QuAntitAtive AnAlysis Authors David Roland-Holst Dep-and-trade program--the policy recommended by Governor Crist's Action Team--on the Florida economy over the coming decades. The model looks at the entire Florida economy on an interactive basis over time, and takes

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

56

Profiling, Prediction, and Capping of Power Consumption in Consolidated Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.2% of the overall electricity consumption in the U.S. More alarmingly, if current practices for the designProfiling, Prediction, and Capping of Power Consumption in Consolidated Environments Jeonghwan Choi be able to charac- terize the power consumption of groups of co-located ap- plications

Urgaonkar, Bhuvan

57

Profiling, Prediction, and Capping of Power Consumption in Consolidated Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- puting platforms (or data centers) accounts for 1.2% of the overall electricity consumption in the UProfiling, Prediction, and Capping of Power Consumption in Consolidated Environments Jeonghwan Choi the power consumption of groups of co-located applications. Such characterization is crucial for effective

Urgaonkar, Bhuvan

58

MeteorologicalObservationsin Support of a Hill Cap Cloud Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available Riso National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark July 1998 #12;Abstract Humid air flows form a hill cap this cloud forma- tion to investigate the chemical and physical properties of cloud aerosols by land based

59

Call Pre-Announcement for the first ERA-CAPS joint research call  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Call Pre-Announcement for the first ERA-CAPS joint research call: "Expanding the European Research Area in Molecular Plant Sciences" The new ERA-NET in molecular plant sciences, ERA-CAPS (Coordinating

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitt

60

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas trt end-cap Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(10'000 channels for end-cap wheel) 1996... : Installation of ID end-caps in the cavern 2008: TRT ... Source: Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Detector KEDR Experiments...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas electromagnetic end-cap Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

modules and end-cap wheels... track recorded 2006: Installation of Barrel ID in ATLAS cavern 2007: Installation of ID end-caps... ) each straw has an independent readout on...

62

Reverse osmosis (RO) treatment of Tucson's share of Central Arizona Project (CAP) water is being con-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reverse osmosis (RO) treatment of Tucson's share of Central Arizona Project (CAP) water is being for RO Treatment of CAP Water PROJECT TEAM This Arizona Water Institute PROJECT FACT SHEET is part improve- ments in both are needed to make RO treatment of CAP water truly cost-effective. The results

Fay, Noah

63

Cournot Equilibrium in Price-capped Two-Settlement Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cournot Equilibrium in Price-capped Two-Settlement Electricity Markets Jian Yao1, Bert Willems2 compare two alternative mechanisms for cap- ping prices in two-settlement electricity markets. Alternatively, regulators in many restructured electricity markets have imposed price or offer caps in the spot

Oren, Shmuel S.

64

Cournot Equilibrium in Price-capped Two-Settlement Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Cournot Equilibrium in Price-capped Two-Settlement Electricity Markets Jian Yao1, Bert Willems2-- We compare two alternative mechanisms for cap- ping prices in two-settlement electricity markets. Alternatively, regulators in many restructured electricity markets have imposed price or offer caps in the spot

65

Sensitivity of Vatnajokull ice cap hydrology and dynamics to climate warming over the next 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and is the largest nonpolar ice cap in Europe. Because it is temperate (isothermal at the melting point) and storesSensitivity of Vatnajokull ice cap hydrology and dynamics to climate warming over the next 2] The sensitivity of Vatnajokull ice cap to future climate change is examined using spatially distributed coupled

Flowers, Gwenn

66

Melting of small Arctic ice caps observed from ERS scatterometer time series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Melting of small Arctic ice caps observed from ERS scatterometer time series Laurence C. Smith,1 of melt onset can be observed over small ice caps, as well as the major ice sheets and multi-year sea ice for 14 small Arctic ice caps from 19922000. Interannual and regional variability in the timing of melt

Smith, Laurence C.

67

Chapter 7: Model Grid Setup CAPS -ARPS Version 4.0 192  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 7: Model Grid Setup CAPS - ARPS Version 4.0 192 7 Map Projection, Model Grid Setup and Grid Grid Setup CAPS - ARPS Version 4.0 195 of the map projection parameters being used can be retrieved. #12;Chapter 7: Model Grid Setup CAPS - ARPS Version 4.0 196 7.2.2. Map transformations Transformation

Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

68

The revenue imperative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

56 66 68 68 69 74 79 85 89 92 Introduction Chairman Stevens The Direct Tax 92 93 97 TABLE OF CONTENTS, CONTINUED CHAPTER The Internal Revenue Measures Conclusion VI CONCLUSION REFERENCES APPENDIX I: FEDERAL RECEIPTS, 1800... no injuries occurred and the crowds dissipated as quickly as they had formed, President John Adams followed Washington's precedent and sent armed forces to Bucks County to quell the revolt. Sixty protestors were arrested. In writing the Constitution...

Flaherty, Jane

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Creating and maintaining a gas cap in tar sands formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for treating a tar sands formation are disclosed herein. Methods for treating a tar sands formation may include providing heat to at least part of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from one or more heaters located in the formation. Pressure may be allowed to increase in an upper portion of the formation to provide a gas cap in the upper portion. At least some hydrocarbons are produced from a lower portion of the formation.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX); Dinkoruk, Deniz Sumnu (Houston, TX); Wellington, Scott Lee (Bellaire, TX)

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

70

Population Files for use with CAP88 at Los Alamos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CAP88 (Clean Air Act Assessment Package 1988) is a computer model developed for the US Environmental Protection Agency to assess the potential dose from radionuclide emissions to air and to demonstrate compliance with the Clean Air Act. It has options to calculate either individual doses, in units of mrem, or a collective dose, also called population dose, in units of person-rem. To calculate the collective dose, CAP88 uses a population file such as LANL.pop, that lists the number of people in each sector (N, NNE, NE, etc.) as a function of distance (1 to 2 km, etc.) out to a maximum radius of 80 km. Early population files are described in the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Environmental Reports for 1985 (page 14) and subsequent years. LA-13469-MS describes a population file based on the 1990 census. These files have been updated several times, most recently in 2006 for CAP88 version 3. The 2006 version used the US census for 2000. The present paper describes the 2012 updates, using the 2010 census.

McNaughton, Michael W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brock, Burgandy R [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

71

ACTIVE CAPPING TECHNOLOGY - NEW APPROACHES FOR IN SITU REMEDIATION OF CONTAMINATED SEDIMENTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study evaluated pilot-scale active caps composed of apatite, organoclay, biopolymers, and sand for the remediation of metal-contaminated sediments. The active caps were constructed in Steel Creek, at the Savannah River Site near Aiken, South Carolina. Monitoring was conducted for 12 months. Effectiveness of the caps was based on an evaluation of contaminant bioavailability, resistance to erosion, and impacts on benthic organisms. Active caps lowered metal bioavailability in the sediment during the one-year test period. Biopolymers reduced sediment suspension during cap construction, increased the pool of carbon, and lowered the release of metals. This field validation showed that active caps can effectively treat contaminants by changing their speciation, and that caps can be constructed to include more than one type of amendment to achieve multiple goals.

Knox, A.; Paller, M.; Roberts, J.

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

72

pp, pA and. cap alpha cap alpha. collisions and the understanding of the quark-gluon plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Global characteristics of heavy ion collisions at high energy are now understood at some level such that the challenging search for Quark-Gluon plasma signatures becomes of more importance. Some features of pp, pA, and ..cap alpha../ alpha/ interactions at ..sqrt..s less than or equal to 62 GeV are selected to illustrate potential consequences for, and problems of, investigations of the Quark-Gluon plasma. 35 refs., 8 figs.

Geist, W.M.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Modeling the Arm II core in MicroCap IV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on how an electrical model for the core of the Arm II machine was created and how to use this model. We wanted to get a model for the electrical characteristics of the ARM II core, in order to simulate this machine and to assist in the design of a future machine. We wanted this model to be able to simulate saturation, variable loss, and reset. Using the Hodgdon model and the circuit analysis program MicroCap IV, this was accomplished. This paper is written in such a way as to allow someone not familiar with the project to understand it.

Dalton, A.C.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Center for Advanced Power Systems CAPS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahanWindSyracuse, NYCedarCAPS Jump to: navigation,

75

Property:CapRockLithology | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,InformationInformation PelletsParticipant JumpCapRockLithology Jump

76

Sandia National Laboratories: higher-performance spar cap  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia,evaluatingfullhigher-performance spar cap Sandia Participated in

77

Cap May County Municipal Utilities Authority | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBostonFacility | Open EnergySolar33.6850215°, -117.2730931° LoadingCap

78

Laser rods with undoped, flanged end-caps for end-pumped laser applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for achieving improved performance in a solid state laser is provided. A flanged, at least partially undoped end-cap is attached to at least one end of a laserable medium. Preferably flanged, undoped end-caps are attached to both ends of the laserable medium. Due to the low scatter requirements for the interface between the end-caps and the laser rod, a non-adhesive method of bonding is utilized such as optical contacting combined with a subsequent heat treatment of the optically contacted composite. The non-bonded end surfaces of the flanged end-caps are coated with laser cavity coatings appropriate for the lasing wavelength of the laser rod. A cooling jacket, sealably coupled to the flanged end-caps, surrounds the entire length of the laserable medium. Radiation from a pump source is focussed by a lens duct and passed through at least one flanged end-cap into the laser rod.

Meissner, Helmuth E. (Pleasanton, CA); Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA); Bibeau, Camille (Danville, CA); Sutton, Steven B. (Manteca, CA); Mitchell, Scott (Tracy, CA); Bass, Isaac (Castro Valley, CA); Honea, Eric (Sunol, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pablo. "Marketable pollution permits with uncertainty andof Two Major Cap-and-Trade Permit Programs. Env. and Res.level emissions and the initial permit allocation in this

Fowlie, Meredith; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

ALTERNATE REDUCTANT COLD CAP EVALUATION FURNACE PHASE II TESTING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Savannah River Remediation (SRR) conducted a Systems Engineering Evaluation (SEE) to determine the optimum alternate reductant flowsheet for the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). Specifically, two proposed flowsheets (nitricformicglycolic and nitricformicsugar) were evaluated based upon results from preliminary testing. Comparison of the two flowsheets among evaluation criteria indicated a preference towards the nitricformicglycolic flowsheet. Further research and development of this flowsheet eliminated the formic acid, and as a result, the nitricglycolic flowsheet was recommended for further testing. Based on the development of a roadmap for the nitricglycolic acid flowsheet, Waste Solidification Engineering (WS-E) issued a Technical Task Request (TTR) to address flammability issues that may impact the implementation of this flowsheet. Melter testing was requested in order to define the DWPF flammability envelope for the nitric-glycolic acid flowsheet. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) Cold Cap Evaluation Furnace (CEF), a 1/12th scale DWPF melter, was selected by the SRR Alternate Reductant project team as the melter platform for this testing. The overall scope was divided into the following sub-tasks as discussed in the Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan (TTQAP): ? Phase I - A nitricformic acid flowsheet melter test (unbubbled) to baseline the CEF cold cap and vapor space data to the benchmark melter flammability models; ? Phase II - A nitricglycolic acid flowsheet melter test (unbubbled and bubbled) to: o Define new cold cap reactions and global kinetic parameters in support of the melter flammability model development; o Quantify off-gas surging potential of the feed; o Characterize off-gas condensate for complete organic and inorganic carbon species. After charging the CEF with cullet from Phase I CEF testing, the melter was slurry-fed with glycolic flowsheet based SB6-Frit 418 melter feed at 36% waste loading and was operated continuously for 25 days. Process data was collected throughout testing and included melter operation parameters and off-gas chemistry. In order to generate off-gas data in support of the flammability model development for the nitric-glycolic flowsheet, vapor space steady state testing in the range of ~300-750C was conducted under the following conditions, (i) 100% (nominal and excess antifoam levels) and 125% stoichiometry feed and (ii) with and without argon bubbling. Adjustments to feed rate, heater outputs and purge air flow were necessary in order to achieve vapor space temperatures in this range. Surge testing was also completed under nominal conditions for four days with argon bubbling and one day without argon bubbling.

Johnson, F.; Stone, M.; Miller, D.

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

CAP3: Urban Sustainability in the Dynamic Environment of Central Arizona  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CAP3: Urban Sustainability in the Dynamic Environment of Central Arizona 2011 Annual Report, Land Cover, and Land Architecture IV. Literature Cited V. Research Training and Development. Publications 2010-2011 Appendices #12;3 CAP3: URBAN SUSTAINABILITY IN THE DYNAMIC ENVIRONMENT OF CENTRAL

Hall, Sharon J.

82

Testing The Effects Of Price Responsive Demand On Uniform Price And Soft-Cap Electricity Auctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Testing The Effects Of Price Responsive Demand On Uniform Price And Soft-Cap Electricity Auctions R. The soft-cap market has not worked well. Spot prices for electricity in California remained consistently of different electric power markets with respect to price volatility and average market price. In particular

83

TurboCap: A Batteryless, Supercapacitor-based Power Supply for Mini-FDPM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TurboCap: A Batteryless, Supercapacitor-based Power Supply for Mini-FDPM Chulsung Park1 , KeunsikCap, a batteryless, supercapacitor-based power supply subsystem for a handheld, laser-based breast cancer detector on the selection of supercapacitor topology for conversion efficiency and for form- factor minimization

Shinozuka, Masanobu

84

WhiteCap DOE/ERIP progress report, October--December 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This progress report describes work done October through December 1996 for the WhiteCap system. The work included installation and commissioning of the large WhiteCap system at the Common House, radiant cooling components installation in the floor of the Southwest House, preparation of an operations and maintenance manual, and commissioning of a monitoring system.

NONE

1997-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

85

Analyzing the Regional Impact of a Fossil Energy Cap in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy products and an energy saving allowance trading market is the most cost- effective design, while in large welfare losses in some provinces. Capping fossil energy use at the national level is foundAnalyzing the Regional Impact of a Fossil Energy Cap in China Da Zhang, Valerie Karplus, Sebastian

86

Towards a `cost of credit' cap in the UK: Lessons from Australia1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards a `cost of credit' cap in the UK: Lessons from Australia1 Jodi Gardner and Karen Rowlingson Authority) must introduce some limitation on the cost of credit by January 2015. It has cited Australia as an example of a country where such a cap works well. However, Australia only implemented its interest rate

Birmingham, University of

87

Mixed Waste Management Facility (MWMF) closure, Savannah River Plant: Clay cap test section construction report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains appendices 3 through 6 for the Clay Cap Test Section Construction Report for the Mixed Waste Management Facility (MWMF) closure at the Savannah River Plant. The Clay Cap Test Program was conducted to evaluate the source, lab. permeability, in-situ permeability, and compaction characteristics, representative of kaolin clays from the Aiken, South Carolina vicinity. (KJD)

Not Available

1988-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

88

Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy and Economic established research centers at MIT: the Center for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy://globalchange.mit.edu/ Printed on recycled paper #12;Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy

89

Dynamic LMP Response Under Alternative Price-Cap and Price-Sensitive Demand Scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

test bed, locational marginal prices, demand-bid price sensitivity, supply-offer price caps, learning that are separately settled each day by means of Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP). Under LMP, a separate price the complicated nonlinear effects of demand-bid price sensitivity and supply-offer price caps on Locational

Tesfatsion, Leigh

90

FY2012 NIH Salary Cap Implementation: Impact on Proposal Submission, Salary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FY2012 NIH Salary Cap Implementation: Impact on Proposal Submission, Salary Planning and Effort · Introduction · A bit of history · Major changes · Key Effort/NIH salary cap topics · References · Other Effort Topics · Appendix #12;The Big Picture · NIH is the largest source of funding for medical research

Contractor, Anis

91

115GLACIERS AND ICE CAPSCHAPTER 6B Glaciers and Ice Caps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

115GLACIERS AND ICE CAPSCHAPTER 6B 6B Glaciers and Ice Caps Michael Zemp (lead author, Department of Sciences, China) #12;116 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR ICE AND SNOW Summary Glaciers and ice caps are among the most hazards. Because they are close to the melting point and react strongly to climate change, glaciers

Fountain, Andrew G.

92

Effect of Feeding Rate on the Cold Cap Configuration in a Laboratory-Scale Melter - 13362  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-level-waste melter feed is converted into glass in a joule-heated melter, where it forms a floating layer of reacting feed, called the cold cap. After the glass-forming phase becomes connected, evolving gases produce bubbles that form a foam layer under the feed. The bubbles coalesce into cavities, from which most of the gases are released around the edges of the cold cap while gases also escape through small shafts in the reacting feed. The foam layer insulates the cold cap from the heat transferred from the molten glass below. The cold cap behavior was investigated in a laboratory-scale assembly with a fused silica crucible. A high-alumina waste simulant was fed into the crucible and the feed charging rate was varied from 3 to 7 mL min{sup -1}. After a fixed amount of time (35 min), feed charging was stopped and the crucible was removed from the furnace and quenched on a copper block to preserve the structure of the cold cap during cooling. During the rapid quenching, thermal cracking of the glass and cold cap allowed it to be broken up into sections for analysis. The effect of the charging rate on the height, area and volume of the cold cap was determined. The size of the bubbles collected in the foam layer under the feed increased as the cold cap expanded and the relationship between these bubbles and temperature will be determined for input into a mathematical model. (authors)

Dixon, Derek R.; Schweiger, Michael J. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99354 (United States)] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99354 (United States); Hrma, Pavel [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99354 (United States) [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99354 (United States); Division of Advanced Nuclear Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang (Korea, Republic of)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

ALTERNATE REDUCTANT COLD CAP EVALUATION FURNACE PHASE I TESTING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Savannah River Remediation (SRR) conducted a Systems Engineering Evaluation (SEE) to determine the optimum alternate reductant flowsheet for the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). Specifically, two proposed flowsheets (nitricformicglycolic and nitricformicsugar) were evaluated based upon results from preliminary testing. Comparison of the two flowsheets among evaluation criteria indicated a preference towards the nitricformicglycolic flowsheet. Further evaluation of this flowsheet eliminated the formic acid1, and as a result, the nitricglycolic flowsheet was recommended for further testing. Based on the development of a roadmap for the nitricglycolic acid flowsheet, Waste Solidification Engineering (WS-E) issued a Technical Task Request (TTR) to address flammability issues that may impact the implementation of this flowsheet. Melter testing was requested in order to define the DWPF flammability envelope for the nitric glycolic acid flowsheet. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) Cold Cap Evaluation Furnace (CEF), a 1/12th scale DWPF melter, was selected by the SRR Alternate Reductant project team as the melter platform for this testing. The overall scope was divided into the following sub-tasks as discussed in the Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan (TTQAP): ? Phase I - A nitricformic acid flowsheet melter test (unbubbled) to baseline the Cold Cap Evaluation Furnace (CEF) cold cap and vapor space data to the benchmark melter flammability models ? Phase II - A nitricglycolic acid flowsheet melter test (unbubbled and bubbled) to: o Define new cold cap reactions and global kinetic parameters for the melter flammability models o Quantify off-gas surging potential of the feed o Characterize off-gas condensate for complete organic and inorganic carbon species Prior to startup, a number of improvements and modifications were made to the CEF, including addition of cameras, vessel support temperature measurement, and a heating element near the pour tube. After charging the CEF with cullet from a previous Sludge Batch 6 (SB6) run, the melter was slurry-fed with SB6-Frit 418 melter feed at 36% waste loading and was operated continuously for 6 days. Process data was collected throughout testing and included melter operation variables and off-gas chemistry. In order to satisfy the objective of Phase I testing, vapor space steady testing in the range of ~300C-700C was conducted without argon bubbling to baseline the melter data to the existing DWPF melter flammability model. Adjustments to heater outputs, air flows and feed rate were necessary in order to achieve the vapor space temperatures in this range. The results of the Phase I testing demonstrated that the CEF is capable of operating under the low vapor space temperatures A melter pressure of -5 inches of water was not sustained throughout the run, but the melter did remain slightly negative even with the maximum air flows required for the lowest temperature conditions were used. The auxiliary pour tube heater improved the pouring behavior at all test conditions, including reduced feed rates required for the low vapor space testing. Argon bubbling can be used to promote mixing and increase feed rate at multiple conditions. Improvements due to bubbling have been determined previously; however, the addition of the cameras to the CEF allows for visual observation during a range of bubbling configurations. The off-gas analysis system proved to be robust and capable of operating for long durations. The total operational hours on the melter vessel are approximately 385 hours. Dimensional measurements taken prior to Phase I testing and support block temperatures recorded during Phase I testing are available if an extension of service life beyond 1250 hours is desired in the future.

Johnson, F.; Miller, D.; Zamecnik, J.; Lambert, D.

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

94

On the polar cap cascade pair multiplicity of young pulsars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the efficiency of pair production in polar caps of young pulsars under a variety of conditions to estimate the maximum possible multiplicity of pair plasma in pulsar magnetospheres. We develop a semi-analytic model for calculation of cascade multiplicity which allows efficient exploration of the parameter space and corroborate it with direct numerical simulations. Pair creation processes are considered separately from particle acceleration in order to assess different factors affecting cascade efficiency, with acceleration of primary particles described by recent self-consistent non-stationary model of pair cascades. We argue that the most efficient cascades operate in the curvature radiation/synchrotron regime, the maximum multiplicity of pair plasma in pulsar magnetospheres is ~few x 10^5. The multiplicity of pair plasma in magnetospheres of young energetic pulsars weakly depends on the strength of the magnetic field and the radius of curvature of magnetic field lines and has a stronger dependence ...

Timokhin, A N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Incorporating Cold Cap Behavior in a Joule-heated Waste Glass Melter Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, an overview of Joule-heated waste glass melters used in the vitrification of high level waste (HLW) is presented, with a focus on the cold cap region. This region, in which feed-to-glass conversion reactions occur, is critical in determining the melting properties of any given glass melter. An existing 1D computer model of the cold cap, implemented in MATLAB, is described in detail. This model is a standalone model that calculates cold cap properties based on boundary conditions at the top and bottom of the cold cap. Efforts to couple this cold cap model with a 3D STAR-CCM+ model of a Joule-heated melter are then described. The coupling is being implemented in ModelCenter, a software integration tool. The ultimate goal of this model is to guide the specification of melter parameters that optimize glass quality and production rate.

Varija Agarwal; Donna Post Guillen

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Overlap Technique for End-Cap Seals on Cylindrical Magnetic Shields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results from studies of the effectiveness of an overlap technique for forming a magnetic seal across a gap at the boundary between a cylindrical magnetic shield and an end-cap. In this technique a thin foil of magnetic material overlaps the two surfaces, thereby spanning the gap across the cylinder and the end-cap, with the magnetic seal then formed by clamping the thin magnetic foil to the surfaces of the cylindrical shield and the end-cap on both sides of the gap. In studies with a prototype 31-cm diameter, 91-cm long, 0.16-cm thick cylindrical magnetic shield and flared end-cap, the magnetic shielding performance of our overlap technique is comparable to that obtained with the conventional method in which the end-cap is placed in direct lapped contact with the cylindrical shield via through bolts or screws.

Malkowski, S; Boissevain, J; Daurer, C; Filippone, B W; Hona, B; Plaster, B; Woods, D; Yan, H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Contribution of Icelandic ice caps to sea level rise:1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Contribution of Icelandic ice caps - 2 BJORNSSON ET AL.: MASS LOSS FROM ICELANDIC ICE CAPS In total, Icelandic ice caps contain 3,600 km3 of ice, which if melted would3 raise sea level by 1 cm. Here, we present an overview of mass

Berthier, Etienne

98

Saltstone Disposal Facility Mechanically Stabilized Earth Vault Closure Cap Degradation: Sensitivity Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the current Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) Performance Assessment (PA) revision, Mechanically Stabilized Earth (MSE) vault closure cap degradation mechanisms and their impact upon filtration through the MSE vault closure cap were evaluated for the base case land use scenario (i.e. institutional control to pine forest). The degradation mechanisms evaluated included pine forest succession, erosion, and colloidal clay migration (Phifer 2003). Infiltration through the upper hydraulic barrier layer of the closure cap as determined by this evaluation will be utilized as the infiltration input to subsequent PORFLOW vadose zone contaminant transport modeling, which will also be performed as part of the PA revision.

PHIFER, MARK

2004-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

99

488-4D ASH LANDFILL CLOSURE CAP HELP MODELING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At the request of Area Completion Projects (ACP) in support of the 488-4D Landfill closure, the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has performed Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) modeling of the planned 488-4D Ash Landfill closure cap to ensure that the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) limit of no more than 12 inches of head on top of the barrier layer (saturated hydraulic conductivity of no more than 1.0E-05 cm/s) in association with a 25-year, 24-hour storm event is not projected to be exceeded. Based upon Weber 1998 a 25-year, 24-hour storm event at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is 6.1 inches. The results of the HELP modeling indicate that the greatest peak daily head on top of the barrier layer (i.e. geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) or high density polyethylene (HDPE) geomembrane) for any of the runs made was 0.079 inches associated with a peak daily precipitation of 6.16 inches. This is well below the SCDHEC limit of 12 inches.

Phifer, M.

2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

100

MC4523 Sealed Cap: Component & characteristics development report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The MC4523 Sealed Cap is a WW42C1 Percussion Primer that is pressed into a steel cylinder. Hermaticity of the input end is then provided by welding a thin steel closure disk on the input end of the MC4523. Thus, the user is provided with a component that is prequalified in terms of ignition sensitivity and hermeticity. The first customer is the Thermal Battery Department (1522). The MC4523 will be used on the MC2736A Thermal Battery which in turn will be used on the W78 JTA. Attachment of the MC4523 to the battery is with a laser weld. Combined test results of four production lots at a commercial supplier (PPI, TMS, WR1, and WR2) show an all-fire ignition sensitivity (.999 @ 50%) of approximately 60 millijoules of mechanical energy with a 2.2 gram firing pin. The firing pin had an impact tip with a radius of 0.020 inch. This firing pin is like that to be used in the W78 JTA application. Approximately 112 millijoules of mechanical energy will be supplied in the application, thus the design margin is more than adequate.

Begeal, D.R.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Glacial geology and glaciology of the Younger Dryas ice cap in Scotland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis uses geological field data and numerical ice sheet modelling to study the Younger Dryas ice cap in Scotland. The Younger Dryas stadial is important because it represents the most recent period of high-magnitude ...

Golledge, Nicholas Robert

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

CAP3: Urban Sustainability in the Dynamic Environment of Central Arizona  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CAP3: Urban Sustainability in the Dynamic Environment of Central Arizona 2012 Annual Report ............................................................................................. 6 Characterizing Land Use, Land Cover, and Land Architecture ................................................................................................... 19 Land Use, Land Cover, and Land Architecture

Hall, Sharon J.

103

CapLibrate: Self-Calibration of an Energy Harvesting Power Supply with Supercapacitors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CapLibrate: Self-Calibration of an Energy Harvesting Power Supply with Supercapacitors Christian and assess models for a supercapacitor- based harvesting supply. The parameters of the models are discussed

Turau, Volker

104

albicans cap1p regulon: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

albicans cap1p regulon First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Rhodopseudomonas palustris Regulons Detected by Cross-Species Analysis of...

105

argon hadronic end-cap: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

hadronic end-cap calorimeter of ATLAS CERN Preprints Summary: At the ATLAS detector a SCADA system surveys and controls the sub- detectors. The link is realized by PVSS2...

106

Evaluating Renewable Portfolio Standards and Carbon Cap Scenarios in the U.S. Electric Sector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines the impact of various renewable portfolio standards (RPS) and cap-and-trade policy options on the U.S. electricity sector, focusing mainly on renewable energy generation. The analysis uses the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model that simulates the least-cost expansion of electricity generation capacity and transmission in the United States to examine the impact of an emissions cap--similar to that proposed in the Waxman-Markey bill (H.R. 2454)--as well as lower and higher cap scenarios. It also examines the effects of combining various RPS targets with the emissions caps. The generation mix, carbon emissions, and electricity price are examined for various policy combinations to simulate the effect of implementing policies simultaneously.

Bird, L.; Chapman, C.; Logan, J.; Sumner, J.; Short, W.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Combining a Renewable Portfolio Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: A General Equilibrium Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many efforts to address greenhouse gas emissions combine a cap-and-trade system with other measures such as a renewable portfolio standard. In this paper we use a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, the MIT Emissions ...

Morris, Jennifer

108

Combining a renewable portfolio standard with a cap-and-trade policy : a general equilibrium analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Most economists see incentive-based measures such a cap-and-trade system or a carbon tax as cost effective policy instruments for limiting greenhouse gas emissions. In actuality, many efforts to address GHG emissions combine ...

Morris Jennifer F. (Jennifer Faye)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Analysis of the Black-capped Vireo and White-eyed Vireo Nest Predator assemblages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predation is the leading cause of nest failure in songbirds. My study identified nest predators of black-capped vireos and white-eyed vireos, quantified the activity of potential predator species, examined the relationships between vegetation...

Conkling, Tara J.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

110

Cold-cap reactions in vitrification of nuclear waste glass: experiments and modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cold-cap reactions are multiple overlapping reactions that occur in the waste-glass melter during the vitrification process when the melter feed is being converted to molten glass. In this study, we used differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to investigate cold-cap reactions in a high-alumina high-level waste melter feed. To separate the reaction heat from both sensible heat and experimental instability, we employed the run/rerun method, which enabled us to define the degree of conversion based on the reaction heat and to estimate the heat capacity of the reacting feed. Assuming that the reactions are nearly independent and can be approximated by the nth order kinetics, we obtained the kinetic parameters using the Kissinger method combined with least squares analysis. The resulting mathematical simulation of the cold-cap reactions provides a key element for the development of an advanced cold-cap model.

Chun, Jaehun [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Pierce, David A. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Pokorny, Richard [Inst. of Chemical Technology, Prague (Czech Republic); Hrma, Pavel R. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Pohang Univ. of Science and Techology (Korea, Republic of)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

111

Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

Heeter, J.; Bird, L.; Gelman, R.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

Heeter, J.; Gelman, R.; Bird, L.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Damage of multilayer optics with varying capping layers induced by focused extreme ultraviolet beam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extreme ultraviolet Mo/Si multilayers protected by capping layers of different materials were exposed to 13.5 nm plasma source radiation generated with a table-top laser to study the irradiation damage mechanism. Morphology of single-shot damaged areas has been analyzed by means of atomic force microscopy. Threshold fluences were evaluated for each type of sample in order to determine the capability of the capping layer to protect the structure underneath.

Jody Corso, Alain; Nicolosi, Piergiorgio; Nardello, Marco; Guglielmina Pelizzo, Maria [National Research Council of Italy, Institute for Photonics and Nanotechnology, via Trasea 7, 35131 Padova (Italy) [National Research Council of Italy, Institute for Photonics and Nanotechnology, via Trasea 7, 35131 Padova (Italy); Department of Information Engineering, University of Padova, via Gradenigo 6/B, 35131 Padova (Italy); Zuppella, Paola [National Research Council of Italy, Institute for Photonics and Nanotechnology, via Trasea 7, 35131 Padova (Italy)] [National Research Council of Italy, Institute for Photonics and Nanotechnology, via Trasea 7, 35131 Padova (Italy); Barkusky, Frank [Laser-Laboratorium Goettingen e.V, Goettingen (Germany) [Laser-Laboratorium Goettingen e.V, Goettingen (Germany); KLA-Tencor, 5 Technology Dr., Milpitas, California 95035 (United States); Mann, Klaus; Mueller, Matthias [Laser-Laboratorium Goettingen e.V, Goettingen (Germany)] [Laser-Laboratorium Goettingen e.V, Goettingen (Germany)

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

114

The performance of a volatile oil reservoir overlain by a gas cap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE PERFORMANCE OF A VOLATILE OIL RESERVOIR OVERLAIN BY A GAS CAP A Thesis By J. RALPH ELLIS, JR. Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1960 Major Subject: PETROLEUM ENGINEERING THE PERFORMANCE OF A VOLATILE OIL RESERVOIR OVERLAIN BY A GAS CAP A Thesis By J. RALPH ELLIS, JR. Approved as to style and content by: hairxnan of Coxnxnittee) (Head...

Ellis, Joseph Ralph, Jr

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Cold cap subsidence for in situ vitrification and electrodes therefor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrode for use in in situ vitrification of soil comprises a molybdenum rod received within a conductive sleeve or collar formed of graphite. Electrodes of this type are placed on either side of a region containing buried waste material and an electric current is passed therebetween for vitrifying the soil between the electrodes. The graphite collar enhances the thermal conductivity of the electrode, bringing heat to the surface, and preventing the formation of a cold cap of material above the ground surface. The annulus between the molybdenum rod electrode and the graphite collar is filled with a conductive ceramic powder of a type that sinters upon the molybdenum rod, protecting the same from oxidation as the graphite material is consumed, or a metal powder which liquifies at operating temperatures. The molybdenum rod in the former case may be coated with an oxidation protectant, e.g. of molybdenum disilicide. As insulative blanket is suitably placed on the surface of the soil during processing to promote subsidence by allowing off-gassing and reducing surface heat loss. In other embodiments, connection to vitrification electrodes is provided below ground level to avoid loss of connection due to electrodes deterioration, or a sacrificial electrode may be employed when operation is started. Outboard electrodes can be utilized to square up the vitrified area. Further, the center of the molybdenum rod can be made hollow and filled with a powdered metal, such as copper, which liquifies at operating temperatures. In one embodiment, the molybdenum rod and the graphite collar are physically joined at the bottom.

Buelt, James L. (Richland, WA); Carter, John G. (Richland, WA); Eschbach, Eugene A. (Richland, WA); FitzPatrick, Vincent F. (Richland, WA); Koehmstedt, Paul L. (Richland, WA); Morgan, William C. (Richland, WA); Oma, Kenton H. (Richland, WA); Timmerman, Craig L. (Richland, WA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Energy watchers IV. Energy, economics and environment: Imperatives realities, and balance and Pacific Basin Demand and downstream activities: Is Middle East supply the answer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1974, the International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development (ICEED) has been holding annual international energy conferences that seek to bring together the public and private sectors from the United States and overseas in order to facilitate the exchange of views and information. The nineteenth annual international energy sessions on [open quotes]Energy, Economics, and Environment: Imperatives, Realities, and Balance,[close quotes] opened April 21, 1992. The goal was to look at the complex linkage between energy and the environment that cannot be decoupled in the near to medium future. The thirteenth annual international area conference, held from April 23-24, 1992, reflected appreciation and acknowledgement of the primacy of the Arabian/Persian Gulf in international energy trade. The area theme, [open quotes]Pacific Basin Demand and Downstream Activities: Is Middle East Supply the Answer ,[close quotes] was premised on the solidification of trade blocs globally and on these two regions which represent the major areas of growth in energy demand and petroleum supply, respectively. Issues addressed in the papers presented included the impact on the world oil sector of these demand and supply zones in the direction of upstream and downstream investment, the approaches and instruments that may be initiated or honed in terms of joint ventures and supply arrangements in the 1990s, and the possibility that the former USSR will become an energy land bridge between the Pacific Basin and Europe.

El Mallakh, D.H. (ed.)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Saltstone Disposal Facility Mechanically Stabilized Earth Vault Closure Cap Degradation Base Case: Institutional Control To Pine Forest Scenario  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the current Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) Performance Assessment (PA) revision, the closure cap configuration was reevaluated and closure cap degradation mechanisms and their impact upon infiltration through the closure cap was evaluated for the existing SDF concrete vaults (i.e. vaults 1 and 4) for the base case land use scenario (i.e. institutional control to pine forest scenario) and documented in Phifer and Nelson (2003). The closure cap configuration was modified from a compacted kaolin barrier layer concept to a geosynthetic clay layer (GCL) barrier layer concept. The degradation mechanisms developed included pine forest succession, erosion, and colloidal clay migration. These degradation mechanisms resulted in changes in the hydraulic properties of the closure cap layers and resulting increases in infiltration through the closure cap over time.

Phifer, MA

2004-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

118

Power Capture (PowCap) Board for Non Intrusive Load Monitoring and Power Line Communication Exploration and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PowCap with PLC: Lookingti] Power Line Communication (PLC) Solutions. http://overview.page? DCMP=plc&HQS=plc. [Tsu99] K. Tsuda. Subspace

Balakrishnan, Vikram

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

the business imperative the optimistic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, consumer demand, capital costs, insurance premiums and regulatory programmes. Success depends on who, when as they descend; plastics made from c

Hoffman, Andrew J.

120

Height stabilization of GaSb/GaAs quantum dots by Al-rich capping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GaSb quantum dots (QDs) in a GaAs matrix are investigated with cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy (X-STM) and photoluminescence (PL). We observe that Al-rich capping materials prevent destabilization of the nanostructures during the capping stage of the molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth process and thus preserves the QD height. However, the strain induced by the absence of destabilization causes many structural defects to appear around the preserved QDs. These defects originate from misfit dislocations near the GaSb/GaAs interface and extend into the capping layer as stacking faults. The lack of a red shift in the QD PL suggests that the preserved dots do not contribute to the emission spectra. We suggest that a better control over the emission wavelength and an increase of the PL intensity is attainable by growing smaller QDs with an Al-rich overgrowth.

Smakman, E. P., E-mail: e.p.smakman@tue.nl; Koenraad, P. M. [Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, 5612 AZ Eindhoven (Netherlands); DeJarld, M.; Martin, A. J.; Millunchick, J. [Department of Material Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Luengo-Kovac, M.; Sih, V. [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Cementitious building material incorporating end-capped polyethylene glycol as a phase change material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cementitious composition comprising a cementitious material and polyethylene glycol or end-capped polyethylene glycol as a phase change material, said polyethylene glycol and said end-capped polyethylene glycol having a molecular weight greater than about 400 and a heat of fusion greater than about 30 cal/g; the compositions are useful in making pre-formed building materials such as concrete blocks, brick, dry wall and the like or in making poured structures such as walls or floor pads; the glycols can be encapsulated to reduce their tendency to retard set.

Salyer, Ival O. (Dayton, OH); Griffen, Charles W. (Mason, OH)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Saltstone Disposal Facility Closure Cap Configuration and Degradation Base Case: Institutional Control to Pine Forest Scenario  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Performance Assessment (PA) for the Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) is currently under revision. As part of the PA revision and as documented herein, the closure cap configuration has been reevaluated and closure cap degradation mechanisms and their impact upon infiltration through the closure cap have been evaluated for the institutional control to pine forest, land use scenario. This land use scenario is considered the base case land use scenario. This scenario assumes a 100-year institutional control period following final SDF closure during which the closure cap is maintained. At the end of institutional control, it is assumed that a pine forest succeeds the cap's original bamboo cover. Infiltration through the upper hydraulic barrier layer of the closure cap as determined by this evaluation will be utilized as the infiltration input to subsequent PORFLOW vadose zone contaminant transport modeling, which will also be performed as part of the PA revision. The impacts of pine forest succession, erosion, and colloidal clay migration as degradation mechanisms on the hydraulic properties of the closure cap layers over time have been estimated and the resulting infiltration through the closure cap has been evaluated. The primary changes caused by the degradation mechanisms that result in increased infiltration are the formation of holes in the upper GCL by pine forest succession and the reduction in the saturated hydraulic conductivity of the drainage layers due to colloidal clay migration into the layers. Erosion can also result in significant increases in infiltration if it causes the removal of soil layers, which provide water storage for the promotion of evapotranspiration. For this scenario, infiltration through the upper GCL was estimated at approximately 0.29 inches/year under initial intact conditions, it increased to approximately 11.6 inches/year at year 1000 in nearly a linear fashion, and it approached an asymptote of around 14.1 inches/year at year 1800 and thereafter. At year 1800, it was estimated that holes covered approximately 0.3 percent of the GCL due to root penetration, and that this resulted in an infiltration near that of typical background infiltration (i.e. as though the GCL were not there at all). This demonstrated that a very small area of holes essentially controlled the hydraulic performance of the GCL.

Phifer, M.A.

2004-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

123

Capping as an alternative for remediating radioactive and mixed waste landfills  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes some of the regulatory and technical issues concerning the use of capping as a containment strategy for radioactive and hazardous waste. Capping alternatives for closure of landfills is not just an engineering problem, but rather involves complex physical, biological, and chemical processes requiring a multidisciplinary approach to develop designs that will work over the long haul and are cost-effective. Much of the information has been distilled from regulatory and guidance documents and a compilation of research activities on waste disposal, contaminant transport processes, and technology development for landfills that has been conducted over the last 21 years.

Hakonson, T.E. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Dept. of Fishery and Wildlife Biology

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Photodegradation of luminescence in organic-ligand-capped Eu{sup 3+}:LaF{sub 3} nano-particles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The luminescence from europium doped lanthanum trifluoride (Eu{sup 3+}:LaF{sub 3}) nano-crystals can be greatly enhanced by capping with ?-diketonate organic ligands. Here, we report on photo-stability measurements for the case of nano-crystals capped with thenoyltrifluroacetone (TTA) and compared with those capped with an inactive ligand, oleic acid. With exposure to UV pump light, we observed significant decrease in fluorescence and change in emission spectrum of the TTA-capped nano-particles whilst the fluorescence lifetime remained approximately constant. After a dose of order 70?kJ?cm{sup ?2}, the luminescence level was similar to that of oleic acid capped nano-crystals. We discuss possible mechanisms.

King, Gavin G. G.; Taylor, Luke R.; Longdell, Jevon J., E-mail: jevon.longdell@otago.ac.nz [Department of Physics, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin 9054 (New Zealand); Clarke, David J.; Quilty, J. W. [Callaghan Innovation Research Limited, P.O. Box 31-310, Lower Hutt 5040 (New Zealand)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

125

Experimental Evidence about the Persistence of High Prices in a Soft-Cap Auction for Electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental Evidence about the Persistence of High Prices in a Soft-Cap Auction for Electricity 1 and Management Cornell University I. Introduction The high prices for electricity in California during the summer on an electrical grid. The results of earlier experiments conducted with POWERWEB show that both a uniform price

126

CAP3: Urban Sustainability in the Dynamic Environment of Central Arizona  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

removal in Tres Rios Constructed Wetlands. Used long-term data from North Desert Village site. Continued to analyze data from 2011 PASS, focusing on economic analyses. Significant Results Modeled NPP of fringe agriculture, which occupies 14% of the CAP study area, accounts for 31% of total NPP (whereas turf

Hall, Sharon J.

127

Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation 2008 Abstract According to the Coase theorem, if property rights to pollute are clearly established;1 Introduction Market-based pollution permit trading programs have moved to the front and center of industrial

Perloff, Jeffrey M.

128

Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation May 2012 Abstract Standard economic theory predicts that if property rights to pollute are clearly. email: fowlie@berkeley.edu #12;1 Introduction Market-based pollution permit trading programs have moved

Perloff, Jeffrey M.

129

Airflow induced by pumping tests in unconfined aquifer with a low-permeability cap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Airflow induced by pumping tests in unconfined aquifer with a low-permeability cap Jiu Jimmy Jiao1 October 2009. [1] Most analytical and numerical models developed to analyze pumping test data focus on saturated flow below the water table. Traditionally the soil above the initial water table prior to pumping

Jiao, Jiu Jimmy

130

Teacher Perceptions of the CAP LTER Ecology Explorers Summer Teacher Internship Program.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Teacher Perceptions of the CAP LTER Ecology Explorers Summer Teacher Internship Program. What did the teachers perceive as important outcomes from attending the internship? Ecology Explorers prepares teachers (grades 4 through 12) to learn and teach about ecological principals and phenomena to their students

Hall, Sharon J.

131

A modified Drucker-Prager Cap model for die compaction simulation of pharmaceutical powders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;1. Introduction As the most widely used dosage form for drug delivery in the pharmaceutical industry, tablets haveA modified Drucker-Prager Cap model for die compaction simulation of pharmaceutical powders L Institute for Pharmaceutical Materials Science, Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University

Elliott, James

132

Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation September 2012 Abstract Standard economic theory predicts that if property rights to pollute are clearly with Denny Ellerman, Stephen Holland and Erin Mansur. Employees at the South Coast Air Quality Management

Fowlie, Meredith

133

Ex post evaluation of tradable permits : the U.S. SO? cap-and-trade program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The U.S. SO2 cap-and-trade program was established as a result of the enactment of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (1990 CAAA) under the authority granted by Title IV, which included several measures to reduce precursor ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

2008 Federal Salary Cap Salaries paid under National Institutes of Health (NIH), Agency for Healthcare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2008 Federal Salary Cap Salaries paid under National Institutes of Health (NIH), Agency, 2008, the maximum rate of pay for full-time effort under all National Institutes of Health (NIH,300 level. Both the NIH Grants Policy Statement and the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts instruct

Grether, Gregory

135

Breathing coherent phonons and caps fragmentation in carbon nanotubes following ultrafast laser pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

driven by ultrafast laser pulses.1­3 The necessary conditions for generating such coherent phonons are i is larger than the duration of currently available ultrafast pulses. ii Measurements4­7 determinedBreathing coherent phonons and caps fragmentation in carbon nanotubes following ultrafast laser

Dumitrica,Traian

136

Capping the Brown Energy Consumption of Internet Services at Low Cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capping the Brown Energy Consumption of Internet Services at Low Cost Kien T. Le Ricardo Bianchini Consumption of Data Centers 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 2000 2006 2011 Electricity consumption of US DCs Billion Energy Consumption · Improving efficiency does not promote green energy or guarantee limits on brown

137

Gurson's plasticity coupled to damage as a CAP model for concrete compaction in dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Gurson's plasticity coupled to damage as a CAP model for concrete compaction in dynamics Fabrice (compaction) but also the plastic strains in compression and cracking in tension. Recently, new dynamic is generally described by means of the plasticity theory where the spherical and the deviatoric responses

138

Capping the Brown Energy Consumption of Internet Services at Low Cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy" (produced via carbon-intensive means) relative to renewable or "green" energy. This paper their brown energy consumption and lever- age green energy, while respecting their SLAs and minimizing energy-intensive energy as "brown" energy, in contrast with "green" or renewable energy.) We argue that placing caps

139

THE SHRINKING ARCTIC ICE CAP From the IPCC* Summary For Policymakers...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE SHRINKING ARCTIC ICE CAP From the IPCC* Summary For Policymakers... "Sea ice is projected] - a phenomenon sometimes referred to as "Arctic amplification". As Arctic temperatures rise, sea ice melts for the 20th century. The rate at which the modeled 21st century Arctic warming and sea ice melting occurs

140

On the observed variability of the crosspolar cap potential W. A. Bristow,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

series of the IMF and solar wind. In addition, the data were examined statistically to obtain a best fit. Introduction [2] The cross­polar cap potential (PCP) parameterizes the degree to which solar wind energy) and solar wind velocity is presented. The potential estimates were examined as time series along with time

Shepherd, Simon

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Holocene climate variability archived in the Puruogangri ice cap on the central Tibetan Plateau  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) climate changes and providing evidence that the high plateau may be quite sensitive to the 20thHolocene climate variability archived in the Puruogangri ice cap on the central Tibetan Plateau, 109017 Moscow, Russia ABSTRACT. Two ice cores (118.4 and 214.7 m in length) were collected in 2000 from

Howat, Ian M.

142

HYDROGEN DISTILLATION AT THE DEUTERIUM REMOVAL UNIT OF MuCap EXPERIMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

321 HYDROGEN DISTILLATION AT THE DEUTERIUM REMOVAL UNIT OF MuCap EXPERIMENT I.A. Alekseev, E hydrogen gas (so- called protium) must be used. It is necessary to avoid transfers of - to impurities imposes strict and critical requirements on the hydrogen gas system supporting the detector. Desirable

Titov, Anatoly

143

Capping layer growth rate and the optical and structural properties of GaAsSbN-capped InAs/GaAs quantum dots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Changing the growth rate during the heteroepitaxial capping of InAs/GaAs quantum dots (QDs) with a 5?nm-thick GaAsSbN capping layer (CL) strongly modifies the QD structural and optical properties. A size and shape transition from taller pyramids to flatter lens-shaped QDs is observed when the CL growth rate is decreased from 1.5 to 0.5 ML/s. This indicates that the QD dissolution processes taking place during capping can be controlled to some extent by the GaAsSbN CL growth rate, with high growth rates allowing a complete preservation of the QDs. However, the dissolution processes are shown to have a leveling effect on the QD height, giving rise to a narrower size distribution for lower growth rates. Contrary to what could be expected, these effects are opposite to the strong blue-shift and improvement of the photoluminescence (PL) observed for higher growth rates. Nevertheless, the PL results can be understood in terms of the strong impact of the growth rate on the Sb and N incorporation into the CL, which results in lower Sb and N contents at higher growth rates. Besides the QD-CL band offsets and QD strain, the different CL composition alters the band alignment of the system, which can be transformed to type-II at low growth rates. These results show the key role of the alloyed CL growth parameters on the resulting QD properties and demonstrate an intricate correlation between the PL spectra and the sample morphology in complex QD-CL structures.

Ulloa, J. M., E-mail: jmulloa@isom.upm.es; Utrilla, A. D.; Guzman, A.; Hierro, A. [Institute for Systems based on Optoelectronics and Microtechnology (ISOM) and Dpto. Ingeniera Electrnica, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Reyes, D. F.; Ben, T.; Gonzlez, D. [Departamento de Ciencia de los Materiales e IM y QI, Universidad de Cdiz, 11510 Puerto Real (Cdiz) (Spain)

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

144

115 year ice-core data from Akademii Nauk ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya: high-resolution record of Eurasian Arctic climate change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

115 year ice-core data from Akademii Nauk ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya: high-resolution record ABSTRACT. From 1999 to 2001 a 724 m deep ice core was drilled on Akademii Nauk ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya Greenland are needed. Therefore, in the Eurasian Arctic several ice cores from ice caps on Svalbard

Fischer, Hubertus

145

Studies on the chemical synthesis and characterization of lead oxide nanoparticles with different organic capping agents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lead oxide (PbO) nanoparticles were chemically synthesized using Lead (II) acetate as precursor. The effects of organic capping agents such as Oleic acid, Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetic acid (EDTA) and Cetryl Tri Methyl Butoxide (CTAB) on the size and morphology of the nanoparticles were studied. Characterization techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform-Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Photoluminescence (PL) Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) were used to analyse the prepared nanoparticles for their physical, structural and optical properties. The characterization studies reveal that the synthesized PbO nanoparticles had well defined crystalline structure and sizes in the range of 25 nm to 36 nm for capping agents used and 40 nm for pure PbO nanoparticles.

Arulmozhi, K. T., E-mail: arulsheelphy@gmail.com [Physics Wing (DDE), Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India - 608 002 (India); Mythili, N. [Department of Physics, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India - 608 002 (India)] [Department of Physics, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India - 608 002 (India)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

Numerical evaluation of monofil and subtle-layered evapotranspiration (ET) landfill caps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy/Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) has identified the need to design a low-level waste (LLW) closure cap for the arid conditions at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). As a result of concerns for subsidence impacting the cover, DOE/NV redesigned the LLW cover from one containing a `hard` infiltration barrier that would likely fail, to a `soft` (ET) cover that is sufficiently deep to accommodate the hydrologic problems of subsidence. An ET cover is one that does not contain hydrologic barrier layers but relies on soil-water retention and sufficient thickness to store water until evapotranspiration (ET) can remove the moisture. Subtle layering within an ET cap using the native soil could be environmentally beneficial and cost effective.

Wilson, G.V.; Henley, M.; Valceschini, R.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Field performance of a geosynthetic clay liner landfill capping system under simulated waste subsidence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A flexible landfill capping system consisting of a 3-D-geocore composite for gas vent, a Geosynthetic Clay Liner (GCL) for sealing and a 3-D-geocore composite for drainage of the vegetation soil was built on a test field at Michelshoehe landfill near Weimar, Germany. At four locations airbags were installed underneath the thin capping system to simulate subsidences. On top of three of these airbags overlaps of the GCL were positioned, for comparison there was no overlap at the fourth location. After hydratation of the GCL the airbags were de-aerated and subsidences occurred with app. 5 % tensile strain in the GCL. For three weeks the test field was intensively sprinkled in intervals. Then horizontal and vertical deformations were measured, but not displacements were registered in the overlaps. The evaluation of the GCL`s permeability showed no significant difference between the locations with and without overlaps.

Weiss, W. [Hochschule fur Architektur und Bauwesen (Germany); Siegmund, M. [Materialforschungs - und, Prufanstalt (Germany); Alexiew, D.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Field effect on digestive ripening of thiol-capped gold nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We studied the digestive ripening of thiol-capped gold nanoparticles under simultaneous action of electric field and reflux heating in a silicone oil bath at 130?C, using transmission electron microscopy. Observation revealed that a polydispersed gold nanoparticle system reached the state of nearly monodispersity under the action of an electric field and the thiol-capped gold nanoparticles carried negative charges. The electric field caused the increase of the particle size for the nearly monodispersed gold nanoparticle system. The self-assembly of the nearly monodisperse gold nanoparticles under the action of an electric field of a high field intensity was observed. The gold nanoparticles tended to form self-assembled nanostructures of six-fold symmetry. This study provides a new route for system engineering to control the particle size of metallic nanoparticles by electric field and digestive ripening.

Lin, Meng-Lin; Peng, J. S.; Lee, Sanboh, E-mail: sblee@mx.nthu.edu.tw [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Yang, Fuqian [Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 (United States)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

149

Mathematical Model of Cold CapPreliminary One-Dimensional Model Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ultimate goal of batch-melting studies, laboratory-scale, large-scale, or mathematical modeling is to increase the rate of glass processing in an energy-efficient manner. Mathematical models are not merely an intermediate step between laboratory-scale and large-scale studies, but are also an important tool for assessing the responses of melters to vast combinations of process parameters. In the simplest melting situation considered in this study, a cold cap of uniform thickness rests on a pool of molten glass from which it receives a steady uniform heat flux. Thus, as the feed-to-glass conversion proceeds, the temperature, velocity, and extent of feed reactions are functions of the position along the vertical coordinate, and these functions do not vary with time. This model is used for the sensitivity analyses on the effects of key parameters on the cold-cap behavior.

Pokorny, Richard; Hrma, Pavel R.

2011-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

150

End-Capping Effect of a Narrow Bandgap Conjugated Polymer on Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Device performances of BHJ solar cells based on poly[(4,4-didodecyldithieno[3,2-b:2,3-d]silole)-2,6-diyl-alt-(2,1,3-benzoxadiazole)-4,7-diyl]and PC??BM improve by capping the chain ends with thiophene fragments. This structural modification yields materials that are more thermally robust and that can be used in devices with thicker films important considerations for enabling the mass production of plastic solar cells.

Park, Jin Kuen [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Jo, Jang [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Seo, Jung Hwa [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Moon, Ji Seo [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Park, Yeong Don [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Lee, Kwanghee [Gwangiu Inst. of Science and Technology (Korea); Heeger, Alan J. [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Bazan, Guillermo C. [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

151

Bi-antimony capped Keggin polyoxometalate modified with Cu-ligand fragment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three polyoxometalates consisting of bi-antimony capped Keggin-type clusters: [Cu(mbpy){sub 2}]{sub 2}[PMo{sub 12}O{sub 40}Sb{sub 2}]{center_dot}4H{sub 2}O (1), [Cu(mbpy){sub 2}][PMo{sub 12}O{sub 40}Sb{sub 2}] (2) and {l_brace}Cu(mbpy)[Cu(mbpy){sub 2}]{sub 2}{r_brace}[VMo{sub 8}V{sub 4}O{sub 40}Sb{sub 2}]{center_dot}2H{sub 2}O (3) (mbpy=4,4 Prime -dimethyl-2,2 Prime - dipyridyl in 1 and 2; 5,5 Prime -dimethyl-2,2 Prime -dipyridyl in 3) have been synthesized and characterized by IR, X-ray powder diffraction, TG analysis and electrochemical property. Single-crystal analysis revealed that all of three compounds are built upon bi-antimony capped Keggin-type polyoxoanions and Cu-mbpy cations. In 1-3, two Sb{sup III} centers located at the two opposite of anionic surface adopt fundamentally tetragonal pyramidal coordination geometry. Both compounds 1 and 2 consist of P-centered Keggin structure, while compound 3 presents a V-centered Keggin anion. The Keggin-type anions present different structural features: isolated cluster in 1 and Cu-ligand-supported cluster in 2 and 3. - Graphical abstract: Three hybrid compounds consisting of bi-antimony capped Keggin-type clusters modified with Cu-ligand cations have been synthesized and characterized. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Three hybrid compounds consisting of bi-antimony capped Keggin-type clusters have been synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two Sb{sup III} centers located at the two opposite of anionic surface adopt tetragonal pyramidal coordination geometry. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The anions present different structural features: isolated and Cu-ligand-supported cluster.

Huang, Jiao [College of Chemistry and Material Science, Hebei Normal University, No. 20 Road East of 2nd Ring South, Yuhua District, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050024 (China)] [College of Chemistry and Material Science, Hebei Normal University, No. 20 Road East of 2nd Ring South, Yuhua District, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050024 (China); Han, Zhangang, E-mail: hanzg116@yahoo.com.cn [College of Chemistry and Material Science, Hebei Normal University, No. 20 Road East of 2nd Ring South, Yuhua District, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050024 (China)] [College of Chemistry and Material Science, Hebei Normal University, No. 20 Road East of 2nd Ring South, Yuhua District, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050024 (China); Zhang, Heng; Yu, Haitao [College of Chemistry and Material Science, Hebei Normal University, No. 20 Road East of 2nd Ring South, Yuhua District, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050024 (China)] [College of Chemistry and Material Science, Hebei Normal University, No. 20 Road East of 2nd Ring South, Yuhua District, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050024 (China); Zhai, Xueliang, E-mail: xlzhai253@mail.hebtu.edu.cn [College of Chemistry and Material Science, Hebei Normal University, No. 20 Road East of 2nd Ring South, Yuhua District, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050024 (China)] [College of Chemistry and Material Science, Hebei Normal University, No. 20 Road East of 2nd Ring South, Yuhua District, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050024 (China)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

152

Shipboard measurements of the cloud-capped marine boundary layer during FIRE/ASTEX  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results are reported on measurements of the cloud-capped marine boundary layer during FIRE/ASTEX. A method was developed from the ASTEX dataset for measuring profiles of liquid water content, droplet size and concentration from cloud radar/microwave radiometer data in marine boundary layer clouds. Profiles were also determined from the first three moments of the Doppler spectrum measured in drizzle with the ETL cloud radar during ASTEX.

NONE

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Fundamentals of successful monitoring, reporting, and verification under a cap-and-trade program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed and implemented the Acid Rain Program (ARP), and NOx Budget Trading Programs (NBTP) using several fundamental monitoring, reporting, and verification (MRV) elements: (1) compliance assurance through incentives and automatic penalties; (2) strong quality assurance (QA); (3) collaborative approach with a petition process; (4) standardized electronic reporting; (5) compliance flexibility for low-emitting sources; (6) complete emissions data record required; (7) centralized administration; (8) level playing field; (9) publicly available data; (10) performance-based approach; and (11) reducing conflicts of interest. Each of these elements is discussed in the context of the authors' experience under two U.S. cap-and-trade programs and their potential application to other cap and-trade programs. The U.S. Office of Management and Budget found that the Acid Rain Program has accounted for the largest quantified human health benefits of any federal regulatory program implemented in the last 10 yr, with annual benefits exceeding costs by {gt} 40 to 1. The authors believe that the elements described in this paper greatly contributed to this success. EPA has used the ARP fundamental elements as a model for other cap-and-trade programs, including the NBTP, which went into effect in 2003, and the recently published Clean Air Interstate Rule and Clean Air Mercury Rule. The authors believe that using these fundamental elements to develop and implement the MRV portion of their cap-and-trade programs has resulted in public confidence in the programs, highly accurate and complete emissions data, and a high compliance rate. 2 refs.

John Schakenbach; Robert Vollaro; Reynaldo Forte [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Atmospheric Programs, Washington, DC (United States)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

Quantification of summertime water ice deposition on the Martian north polar ice cap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use observations from the Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) of the north polar cap during late summer for two Martian years, to monitor the complete summer cycle of albedo and water ice grain size in order to place quantitative limits of the amount of water ice deposited in late summer. We establish here for the first time the complete spring to summer cycle of water ice grain sizes on the north polar cap. The apparent grain sizes grow until Ls=132, when they appear to shrink again, until they are obscured at the end of summer by the north polar hood. Under the assumption that the shrinking of grain sizes is due to the deposition of find grained ice, we quantify the amount of water ice deposited per Martian boreal summer, and estimate the amount of water ice that must be transported equatorward. Interestingly, we find that the relative amount of water ice deposited in the north cap during boreal summer (0.7-7 microns) is roughly equivalent to the average amount of water ice depos...

Brown, Adrian J; Becerra, Patricio; Byrne, Shane

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

SEQUESTRATION OF METALS IN ACTIVE CAP MATERIALS: A LABORATORY AND NUMERICAL EVALUATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Active capping involves the use of capping materials that react with sediment contaminants to reduce their toxicity or bioavailability. Although several amendments have been proposed for use in active capping systems, little is known about their long-term ability to sequester metals. Recent research has shown that the active amendment apatite has potential application for metals contaminated sediments. The focus of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of apatite in the sequestration of metal contaminants through the use of short-term laboratory column studies in conjunction with predictive, numerical modeling. A breakthrough column study was conducted using North Carolina apatite as the active amendment. Under saturated conditions, a spike solution containing elemental As, Cd, Co, Se, Pb, Zn, and a non-reactive tracer was injected into the column. A sand column was tested under similar conditions as a control. Effluent water samples were periodically collected from each column for chemical analysis. Relative to the non-reactive tracer, the breakthrough of each metal was substantially delayed by the apatite. Furthermore, breakthrough of each metal was substantially delayed by the apatite compared to the sand column. Finally, a simple 1-D, numerical model was created to qualitatively predict the long-term performance of apatite based on the findings from the column study. The results of the modeling showed that apatite could delay the breakthrough of some metals for hundreds of years under typical groundwater flow velocities.

Dixon, K.; Knox, A.

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

156

Improvement of the quality of graphene-capped InAs/GaAs quantum dots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the transfer of graphene onto InAs/GaAs quantum dots (QDs). The graphene is first grown on Cu foils by chemical vapor deposition and then polymer Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) is deposited on the top of graphene/Cu. High quality graphene sheet has been obtained by lowering the dissolving rate of PMMA using vapor processing. Uncapped as well as capped graphene InAs/GaAs QDs have been studied using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. We gather from this that the average shifts ?? of QDs Raman peaks are reduced compared to those previously observed in graphene and GaAs capped QDs. The encapsulation by graphene makes the indium atomic concentration intact in the QDs by the reduction of the strain effect of graphene on QDs and the migration of In atoms towards the surface. This gives us a new hetero-structure grapheneInAs/GaAs QDs wherein the graphene plays a key role as a cap layer.

Othmen, Riadh, E-mail: othmenriadh@yahoo.fr; Rezgui, Kamel; Ajlani, Hosni; Oueslati, Meherzi [Facult des Sciences de Tunis, Universit de Tunis El Manar, Campus, 2092 El Manar Tunis (Tunisia); Cavanna, Antonella; Madouri, Ali [CNRS/LPN, Route de Nozay, F-91460 Marcoussis (France); Arezki, Hakim; Gunes, Fethullah [Laboratoire de Gnie Electrique de Paris, 11, rue Joliot Curie Plateau de Moulon, 91192 Gif sur Yvette (France)

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

157

1Lesions in the mRNA cap-binding gene ABA HYPERSENSITIVE 1 suppress FRIGIDA-mediated delayed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1Lesions in the mRNA cap-binding gene ABA HYPERSENSITIVE 1 suppress FRIGIDA-mediated delayed morphology were identified in T-DNA and fast-neutron mutant populations. Molecular analysis showed

Raines, Ronald T.

158

Using Section 111 of the Clean Air Act for Cap-and-Trade of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Obstacles and Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

focused nitro- gen oxide emissions-trading program for largeNSPS program could use emissions trading, including cap-and-regulations that allow emissions trading, to achieve GHG

Enion, Rhead M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Cap de Creus canyon: a link between shelf and slope sediment dispersal systems in the western Gulf of Lions, France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

river, ~160 km to the NE). It is hypothesized that the westernmost Cap de Creus canyon is intercepting the regional sediment-transport pathway and directing it offshore, allowing significant sediment export through this area. The overall goal...

DeGeest, Amy Louise

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

160

On the response of polar cap dynamics to its solar wind and magnetotail drivers at high levels of geomagnetic activity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

polar cap potential by intense solar wind electric fields,potentials measured with Super Dual Auroral Radar Network during quasi-steady solar wind andelectric potential as a function of solar wind parameters by

Gao, Ye

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Testing, Modeling, and Monitoring to Enable Simpler, Cheaper, Longer-lived Surface Caps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Society has and will continue to generate hazardous wastes whose risks must be managed. For exceptionally toxic, long-lived, and feared waste, the solution is deep burial, e.g., deep geological disposal at Yucca Mtn. For some waste, recycle or destruction/treatment is possible. The alternative for other wastes is storage at or near the ground level (in someone's back yard); most of these storage sites include a surface barrier (cap) to prevent downward water migration. Some of the hazards will persist indefinitely. As society and regulators have demanded additional proof that caps are robust against more threats and for longer time periods, the caps have become increasingly complex and expensive. As in other industries, increased complexity will eventually increase the difficulty in estimating performance, in monitoring system/component performance, and in repairing or upgrading barriers as risks are managed. An approach leading to simpler, less expensive, longer-lived, more manageable caps is needed. Our project, which started in April 2002, aims to catalyze a Barrier Improvement Cycle (iterative learning and application) and thus enable Remediation System Performance Management (doing the right maintenance neither too early nor too late). The knowledge gained and the capabilities built will help verify the adequacy of past remedial decisions, improve barrier management, and enable improved solutions for future decisions. We believe it will be possible to develop simpler, longer-lived, less expensive caps that are easier to monitor, manage, and repair. The project is planned to: (a) improve the knowledge of degradation mechanisms in times shorter than service life; (b) improve modeling of barrier degradation dynamics; (c) develop sensor systems to identify early degradation; and (d) provide a better basis for developing and testing of new barrier systems. This project combines selected exploratory studies (benchtop and field scale), coupled effects accelerated aging testing at the intermediate meso-scale, testing of new monitoring concepts, and modeling of dynamic systems. The emphasis on meso-scale (coupled) tests, accelerated effects testing, and dynamic modeling differentiates the project from other efforts, while simultaneously building on that body of knowledge. The performance of evapotranspiration, capillary, and grout-based barriers is being examined. To date, the project can report new approaches to the problem, building new experimental and modeling capabilities, and a few preliminary results.

Piet, S. J.; Breckenridge, R. P.; Burns, D. E.

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

162

Testing, Modeling, and Monitoring to Enable Simpler, Cheaper, Longer-Lived Surface Caps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Society has and will continue to generate hazardous wastes whose risks must be managed. For exceptionally toxic, long-lived, and feared waste, the solution is deep burial, e.g., deep geological disposal at Yucca Mtn. For some waste, recycle or destruction/treatment is possible. The alternative for other wastes is storage at or near the ground level (in someones back yard); most of these storage sites include a surface barrier (cap) to prevent downward water migration. Some of the hazards will persist indefinitely. As society and regulators have demanded additional proof that caps are robust against more threats and for longer time periods, the caps have become increasingly complex and expensive. As in other industries, increased complexity will eventually increase the difficulty in estimating performance, in monitoring system/component performance, and in repairing or upgrading barriers as risks are managed. An approach leading to simpler, less expensive, longer-lived, more manageable caps is needed. Our project, which started in April 2002, aims to catalyze a Barrier Improvement Cycle (iterative learning and application) and thus enable Remediation System Performance Management (doing the right maintenance neither too early nor too late). The knowledge gained and the capabilities built will help verify the adequacy of past remedial decisions, improve barrier management, and enable improved solutions for future decisions. We believe it will be possible to develop simpler, longer-lived, less expensive caps that are easier to monitor, manage, and repair. The project is planned to: a) improve the knowledge of degradation mechanisms in times shorter than service life; b) improve modeling of barrier degradation dynamics; c) develop sensor systems to identify early degradation; and d) provide a better basis for developing and testing of new barrier systems. This project combines selected exploratory studies (benchtop and field scale), coupled effects accelerated aging testing at the intermediate meso-scale, testing of new monitoring concepts, and modeling of dynamic systems. The emphasis on meso-scale (coupled) tests, accelerated effects testing, and dynamic modeling differentiates the project from other efforts, while simultaneously building on that body of knowledge. The performance of evapotranspiration, capillary, and grout-based barriers is being examined. To date, the project can report new approaches to the problem, building new experimental and modeling capabilities, and a few preliminary results.

Piet, Steven James; Breckenridge, Robert Paul; Burns, Douglas Edward

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Effect of Organic Capping Layers over Monodisperse Platinum Nanoparticles upon Activity for Ethylene Hydrogenation and Carbon Monoxide Oxidation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of oleylamine (OA), trimethyl tetradecyl ammonium bromide (TTAB), and polyvinlypyrrolidone (PVP) capping agents upon the catalytic properties of Pt/silica catalysts was evaluated. Pt nanoparticles that were 1.5 nm in size were synthesized by the same procedure (ethylene glycol reduction under basic conditions) with the various capping agents added afterward for stabilization. Before examining catalytic properties for ethylene hydrogenation and CO oxidation, the Pt NPs were deposited onto mesoporous silica (SBA-15) supports and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), H{sub 2} chemisorption, and elemental analysis (ICP-MS). PVP- and TTAB-capped Pt yielded mass-normalized reaction rates that decreased with increasing pretreatment temperature, and this trend was attributed to the partial coverage of the Pt surface with decomposition products from the organic capping agent. Once normalized to the Pt surface area, similar intrinsic activities were obtained regardless of the pretreatment temperature, which indicated no influence on the nature of the active sites. Consequently, a chemical probe technique using intrinsic activity for ethylene hydrogenation was demonstrated as an acceptable method for estimating the metallic surface areas of Pt. Amine (OA) capping exhibited a detrimental influence on the catalytic properties as severe deactivation and low activity were observed for ethylene hydrogenation and CO oxidation, respectively. These results were consistent with amine groups being strong poisons for Pt surfaces, and revealed the need to consider the effects of capping agents on the catalytic properties.

Kuhn, John N.; Tsung, Chia-Kuang; Huang, Wenyu; Somorjai, Gabor A.

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

164

Heat treatment of bulk gallium arsenide using a phosphosilicate glass cap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

n-type bulk GaAs crystals, capped with chemically vapor-deposited phosphosilicate glass, were heat treated at temperatures in the range of 600 to 950 /sup 0/C. Measurements on Schottky diodes and solar cells fabricated on the heat-treated material, after removal of a damaged surface layer, show an increase in free-carrier concentration, in minority-carrier-diffusion length, and in solar-cell short-circuit current. The observed changes are attributed to a removal of lifetime-reducing acceptorlike impurities, defects, or their complexes.

Mathur, G.; Wheaton, M.L.; Borrego, J.M.; Ghandhi, S.K.

1985-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

Nighttime Offset and Capping Experiment Results of the Isothermal Pyranometer at the 2001 Diffuse Shortwave IOP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andDataNationalNewport NewsWayne Hurlbert! LBNL/NERSCOffset and Capping

166

Highly efficient blue OLEDs based on diphenylaminofluorenylstyrenes end-capped with heterocyclic aromatics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we have designed four diphenylaminofluorenylstyrene derivatives end-capped with heterocyclic aromatic groups, such as 9-phenylcabazole, 4-dibenzofuran, 2-benzoxazole, 2-quinoxaline, respectively. These materials showed blue to red fluorescence with maximum emission wavelengths of 476611 nm, respectively, which were dependent on the structural and electronic nature of end-capping groups. To explore the electroluminescent properties of these materials, multilayer OLEDs were fabricated in the following sequence: ITO/DNTPD (40 nm)/NPB (20 nm)/2% doped in MADN (20 nm)/Alq{sub 3} (40 nm)/Liq. (1 nm)/Al. Among those, a device exhibited a highly efficient blue emission with the maximum luminance of 14,480 cd/m{sup 2} at 9 V, the luminous efficiency of 5.38 cd/A at 20 mA/cm{sup 2}, power efficiency of 2.77 lm/W at 20 mA/cm{sup 2}, and CIE{sub x,y} coordinates of (0.147, 0.152) at 8 V, respectively.

Oh, Suhyun [Department of Chemistry, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Chemistry, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Kum Hee; Kim, Young Kwan [Department of Information Display, Hongik University, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Information Display, Hongik University, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Seung Soo, E-mail: ssyoon@skku.edu [Department of Chemistry, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

167

The Common Cryogenic Test Facility for the ATLAS Barrel and End-Cap Toroid Magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The large ATLAS toroidal superconducting magnet made of the Barrel and two End-Caps needs extensive testing at the surface of the individual components prior to their final assembly into the underground cavern of LHC. A cryogenic test facility specifically designed for cooling sequentially the eight coils making the Barrel Toroid (BT) has been fully commissioned and is now ready for final acceptance of these magnets. This facility, originally designed for testing individually the 46 tons BT coils, will be upgraded to allow the acceptance tests of the two End-Caps, each of them having a 160 tons cold mass. The integrated system mainly comprises a 1.2 kW at 4.5 K refrigerator, a 10 kW liquid-nitrogen precooler, two cryostats housing liquid helium centrifugal pumps of respectively 80 g/s and 600 g/s nominal flow and specific instrumentation to measure the thermal performances of the magnets. This paper describes the overall facility with particular emphasis to the cryogenic features adopted to match the specific requirements of the magnets in the various operating scenarios.

Delruelle, N.; Haug, F.; Junker, S.; Passardi, G.; Pengo, R.; Pirotte, O. [CERN, AT division, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

2004-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

168

Structural analysis of closure cap barriers: A pre-test study for the Bentonite Mat Demonstration Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

According to the EPA-recommended closure cap design a waste site can either be covered with a single layer cap made of 36 inches of compacted soil (clay) or with a multilayer cap consisting of an upper vegetative layer underlain by a drainage layer over a low permeability layer. The Bentonite Mat Demonstration Project (BMDP) is a field demonstration study to determine the construction/installation requirements, permeability, and subsidence performance characteristics of a composite barrier. The composite barrier will consist of on-site sandy-clay blanketed by a bentonite mat and a flexible High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) liner (also called flexible membrane liner). Construction of one control test pad and three bentonite test pads are planned. The control test pad will be used to establish baseline data. Underneath the composite clay cap is a four-foot loose sand layer in which cavities will be created by evacuation of sand. The present work provides a mathematical model for the BMDP. The mathematical model will be used to simulate the mechanical and structural responses of the composite clay cap during the testing processes. Based upon engineering experience and technical references, a set of nominal soil parameters have been selected. Currently, detailed soil test data and cavity configuration data are not available to validate the mathematical model. Since the configuration of the cavities created in the testing process is irregular and unpredictable, two extreme configurations are considered in this mathematical model, viz., the circular cavity and the infinitely long trench in the sand underneath the cap. This approach will provide bounds for the testing results.

Gong, Chung

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

USING PERFLUOROCARBON TRACERS FOR VERIFICATION OF CAP AND COVER SYSTEMS PERFORMANCE.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management (EM) office has committed itself to an accelerated cleanup of its national facilities. The goal is to have much of the DOE legacy waste sites remediated by 2006. This includes closure of several sites (e.g., Rocky Flats and Fernald). With the increased focus on accelerated cleanup, there has been considerable concern about long-term stewardship issues in general, and verification and long-term monitoring (LTM) of caps and covers, in particular. Cap and cover systems (covers) are vital remedial options that will be extensively used in meeting these 2006 cleanup goals. Every buried waste site within the DOE complex will require some form of cover system. These covers are expected to last from 100 to 1000 years or more. The stakeholders can be expected to focus on system durability and sustained performance. DOE EM has set up a national committee of experts to develop a long-term capping (LTC) guidance document. Covers are subject to subsidence, erosion, desiccation, animal intrusion, plant root infiltration, etc., all of which will affect the overall performance of the cover. Very little is available in terms of long-term monitoring other than downstream groundwater or surface water monitoring. By its very nature, this can only indicate that failure of the cover system has already occurred and contaminants have been transported away from the site. This is unacceptable. Methods that indicate early cover failure (prior to contaminant release) or predict approaching cover failure are needed. The LTC committee has identified predictive monitoring technologies as a high priority need for DOE, both for new covers as well as existing covers. The same committee identified a Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) technology as one approach that may be capable of meeting the requirements for LTM. The Environmental Research and Technology Division (ERTD) at BNL developed a novel methodology for verifying and monitoring subsurface barriers (1,2). The technology uses perfluorocarbon tracers (PFTs) to determine flaws (e.g., holes or cracks) and high permeability areas in subsurface barriers. Gaseous tracers are injected on one side of the barrier and searched for on the opposite side of the barrier. The sampling grid, concentration, and time of arrival of the tracer(s) on the opposite side are used to determine the size and location of flaws and relative permeability of the barrier. In addition, there are multiple tracers available, which allows different tracers to be injected in different quadrants of the barrier. This yields additional information on transport phenomena of the barrier.

HEISER,J.; SULLIVAN,T.

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

In-situ subaqueous capping of mercury-contaminated sediments in a fresh-water aquatic system, Part II-evaluation of sorption materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The function and longevity of traditional, passive, isolation caps can be augmented through the use of more chemically active capping materials which have higher sorptive capacities, ideally rendering metals non-bioavailable. In the case of Hg, active caps also mitigate the rate and extent of methylation. This research examined low cost, readily available, capping materials for their ability to sequester Hg and MeHg. Furthermore, selected capping materials were evaluated to inhibit the methylation of Hg in an incubation study as well as the capacity of a selected capping material to inhibit translocation of Hg and MeHg with respect to ebullition-facilitated contaminant transport in a column study. Results indicated that bauxite had a better capacity for mercury sorption than the other test materials. However, bauxite as well as soil capping materials did not decrease methylation to a significant extent. Materials with larger surface areas, higher organic matter and acid volatile sulfide (AVS) content displayed a larger partitioning coefficient. In the incubation experiments, the presence of a carbon source (lactate), electron acceptor (sulfate) and the appropriate strains of SRB provided the necessary conditions for Hg methylation to occur. The column study showed effectiveness in sequestering Hg and MeHg and retarding transport to the overlying water column; however, disturbances to the soil capping material resulting from gas ebullition negated its effectiveness.

Randall, Paul M., E-mail: randall.paul@epa.gov [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, 26 W. Martin Luther King Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45268 (United States); Yates, Brian J.; Lal, Vivek; Darlington, Ramona [Battelle, 505 King Avenue, Columbus, OH 43201 (United States)] [Battelle, 505 King Avenue, Columbus, OH 43201 (United States); Fimmen, Ryan [Geosyntec Consultants, 150 E. Wilson Bridge Road, Suite 232, Worthington, OH 43085 (United States)] [Geosyntec Consultants, 150 E. Wilson Bridge Road, Suite 232, Worthington, OH 43085 (United States)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 32, L06106, DOI:10.1029/2004GL021696, 2005 Drifting field-aligned density structures in the night-side polar cap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 32, L06106, DOI:10.1029/2004GL021696, 2005 Drifting field-aligned density structures in the night-side polar cap, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L06106, doi:10.1029/2004GL021696-8276/05/2004GL021696$5.00 The Cluster spacefleet passes through the polar cap region at ra- dial distances

Santolik, Ondrej

172

Historical and future black carbon deposition on the three ice caps: Ice core measurements and model simulations from 1850 to 2100  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Historical and future black carbon deposition on the three ice caps: Ice core measurements black carbon deposition on the three ice caps: Ice core measurements and model simulations from 1850 tends to enhance snow and ice melting due to the absorption caused by the increased BC deposition

173

Antiguided array diode lasers fabricated with modulated cap thin p-clad structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Antiguided array lasers were fabricated in thin p-clad, InGaAs-GaAs single quantum-well material. The required lateral refractive index variation was achieved by precisely modulating the thickness of the GaAs cap layer using a novel pulsed anodization/etching technique. Edge-emitting arrays having 20 lasers on 7-{micro}m centers with 5-{micro}m-wide gain regions were characterized. At 1.2 times the pulsed current threshold (I{sub th}), the central lobe of the lateral far field of the arrays contained about 75% of the beam power and was about twice the diffraction limit (FWHM = 0.8{degree}). At 10 {times} I{sub th}, the central lobe contained about 60% of the beam power and was about 1.6 {degree} wide.

O, J.S.; Zory, P.S. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Schwartz, B.D.; Setzko, R.S. [Raytheon Optical Systems, Danbury, CT (United States)] [Raytheon Optical Systems, Danbury, CT (United States); Emanuel, M.A.; Sperry, V.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA (United States)

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Distribution of ion current density on a rotating spherical cap substrate during ion-assisted deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The uniformity of ion density is critical for applications relying on the ion assisted deposition technique for the fabrication of the high quality thin films. The authors propose and describe here a method allowing one to calculate the ion density distribution on spherical substrate holders under stationary and rotating conditions for different positions of the ion source. The ion beam shape was approximated by a cos{sup n} function, and the ion current density was represented by a function inversely proportional to the distance from the ion source in accordance with our experimental results. As an example, a calculation of the current density distribution on the spherical cap substrate was performed for a broad beam ion source operated with an anode current of 3?A. The authors propose an approach for process optimization with respect to the ion source position and its inclination, in terms of uniformity and absolute value of the ion current density.

Marushka, Viktor; Zabeida, Oleg, E-mail: oleg.zabeida@polymtl.ca; Martinu, Ludvik [Engineering Physics Department, Polytechnique Montral, P.O. Box 6079, Downtown station, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3A7 (Canada)

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

High Efficiency Thermionics (HET-IV) and Converter Advancement (CAP) programs. Final reports  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains the final report of the High Efficiency Thermionics (HET-IV) Program, Attachment A, performed at Rasor Associates, Inc. (RAI); and the final report of the Converter Advancement Program (CAP), performed at the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, Attachment B. The phenomenology of cesium-oxygen thermionic converters was elucidated in these programs, and the factors that had prevented the achievement of stable, enhanced cesium-oxygen converter performance for the previous thirty years were identified. Based on these discoveries, cesium-oxygen vapor sources were developed that achieved stable performance with factor-of-two improvements in power density and thermal efficiency, relative to conventional, cesium-only ignited mode thermionic converters. Key achievements of the HET-IV/CAP programs are as follows: a new technique for measuring minute traces of oxygen in cesium atmospheres; the determination of the proper range of oxygen partial pressures for optimum converter performance--10{sup {minus}7} to 10{sup {minus}9} torr; the discovery, and analysis of the cesium-oxygen liquid migration and compositional segregation phenomena; the successful use of capillary forces to contain the migration phenomenon; the use of differential heating to control compositional segregation, and induce vapor circulation; the development of mechanically and chemically stable, porous reservoir structures; the development of precise, in situ oxygen charging methods; stable improvements in emitter performance, up to effective emitter bare work functions of 5.4 eV; stable improvements in barrier index, to value below 1.8 Volts; the development of detailed microscopic models for cesium-oxygen reservoir dynamics and collector work function behavior; and the discovery of new relationships between electrode geometry and Schock Instability.

Geller, C.B.; Murray, C.S.; Riley, D.R. [Bettis Atomic Power Lab., West Mifflin, PA (United States)] [Bettis Atomic Power Lab., West Mifflin, PA (United States); Desplat, J.L.; Hansen, L.K.; Hatch, G.L.; McVey, J.B.; Rasor, N.S. [Rasor Associates, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States)] [Rasor Associates, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Key words. Emissions markets, Cap-and-trade schemes, Equilibrium models, Environmental MARKET DESIGN FOR EMISSION TRADING SCHEMES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Key words. Emissions markets, Cap-and-trade schemes, Equilibrium models, Environmental Finance. MARKET DESIGN FOR EMISSION TRADING SCHEMES REN´E CARMONA , MAX FEHR , JURI HINZ , AND ARNAUD PORCHET to help policy makers and regulators understand the pros and the cons of the emissions markets. We propose

Carmona, Rene

177

Characteristics of sound propagation in shallow water over an elastic seabed with a thin cap-rock layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characteristics of sound propagation in shallow water over an elastic seabed with a thin cap over a lay- ered elastic seabed with a shear wave speed comparable to but lower than the water-column sound speed. A theoretical analysis and numerical modeling show that, in such environments, low attenua

178

An Emulator of Timing, Trigger and Control (TTC) System for the ATLAS End cap Muon Trigger Electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Emulator of Timing, Trigger and Control (TTC) System for the ATLAS End cap Muon Trigger and their sequences needed for the ATLAS TGC electronics. Almost all functionalities are packed in an FPGA chip, which of the mother board electronics system. I. INTRODUCTION In general a facility for TTC signal generation

Fukunaga, Chikara

179

Please leave this heading unchanged! Sound radiation of a non-rigid piston and pole cap compared with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Please leave this heading unchanged! Sound radiation of a non-rigid piston and pole cap compared are often modelled as a rigid piston in an infinite baffle. This model is for real loudspeakers somewhat of the baffled-piston radiation the spatial impulse response is presented. 1. Nijboer-Zernike approach

180

Sound radiation from a loudspeaker, from a spherical pole cap, and from a piston in an infinite baffle1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound radiation from a loudspeaker, from a spherical pole cap, and from a piston in an infinite are often modelled as a rigid piston in an infinite baffle. As a model for real loudspeakers, this approach of the baffled-piston radiation the spatial impulse response is presented. 1. Nijboer-Zernike approach

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181

A Power Provision and Capping Architecture for Large Scale Systems Yongpeng Liu, Hong Zhu, Kai Lu and Yongyan Liu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.e. the K com- puter, reaches 12.659 MW, which equals the power usage of a middle scale city. In 2006, US. Dollars. This is about 1.5% of the total U.S. electricity consumption or the output of about 15 typical architecture of power provision and capping to control the power consumption of large scale clusters

Zhu, Hong

182

Conservation status of Black-capped Petrels (Pterodroma hasitata): colony surveys at Sierra de Baoruco, Dominican Republic, January 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Baoruco, Dominican Republic, January 2002 Black-capped Petrel photographed off the North Carolina coast in the Sierra de Baoruco in the Dominican Republic (Ottenwalder and Vargas 1979; Lee and Vina 1993, Lee 2000 populations must be initiated immediately. A visit by the principal investigators to the Dominican Republic

Buckel, Jeffrey A.

183

nature photonics | VOL 1 | OCTOBER 2007 | www.nature.com/naturephotonics 551 elting polar ice caps or the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

polar ice caps or the fantasy of freezing oceans in cataclysmic Hollywood films are graphic arranged, undergoes a phase change to the regular crystalline atomic construction of ice on freezing, and back on melting. This is a phase change between disordered and ordered states. So what use

Zheludev, Nikolay

184

The geoelectric eld at Vostok, Antarctica: its relation to the interplanetary magnetic eld and the cross polar cap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109-2143, USA d Department of Physics, University. No signi®cant association with IMF Bx is found. The interaction of the solar wind and the Earth's magnetic with the cross polar cap potential dierence is independent of a result (Park, 1976. Solar magnetic sector eects

Michigan, University of

185

Kinetics of Cold-Cap Reactions for Vitrification of Nuclear Waste Glass Based on Simultaneous Differential Scanning Calorimetry - Thermogravimetry (DSC-TGA) and Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For vitrifying nuclear waste glass, the feed, a mixture of waste with glass-forming and modifying additives, is charged onto the cold cap that covers 90-100% of the melt surface. The cold cap consists of a layer of reacting molten glass floating on the surface of the melt in an all-electric, continuous glass melter. As the feed moves through the cold cap, it undergoes chemical reactions and phase transitions through which it is converted to molten glass that moves from the cold cap into the melt pool. The process involves a series of reactions that generate multiple gases and subsequent mass loss and foaming significantly influence the mass and heat transfers. The rate of glass melting, which is greatly influenced by mass and heat transfers, affects the vitrification process and the efficiency of the immobilization of nuclear waste. We studied the cold-cap reactions of a representative waste glass feed using both the simultaneous differential scanning calorimetry thermogravimetry (DSC-TGA) and the thermogravimetry coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (TGA-GC-MS) as complementary tools to perform evolved gas analysis (EGA). Analyses from DSC-TGA and EGA on the cold-cap reactions provide a key element for the development of an advanced cold-cap model. It also helps to formulate melter feeds for higher production rate.

Rodriguez, Carmen P. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); ; Pierce, David A. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); ; Schweiger, Michael J. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); ; Kruger, Albert A. [USDOE Office of River Protection, Richland, WA (United States); Chun, Jaehun [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); ; Hrma, Pavel R. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States);

2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

186

Plastic cap evolution law derived from induced transverse isotropy in dilatational triaxial compression.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mechanical testing of porous materials generates physical data that contain contributions from more than one underlying physical phenomenon. All that is measurable is the ensemble hardening modulus. This thesis is concerned with the phenomenon of dilatation in triaxial compression of porous media, which has been modeled very accurately in the literature for monotonic loading using models that predict dilatation under triaxial compression (TXC) by presuming that dilatation causes the cap to move outwards. These existing models, however, predict a counter-intuitive (and never validated) increase in hydrostatic compression strength. This work explores an alternative approach for modeling TXC dilatation based on allowing induced elastic anisotropy (which makes the material both less stiff and less strong in the lateral direction) with no increase in hydrostatic strength. Induced elastic anisotropy is introduced through the use of a distortion operator. This operator is a fourth-order tensor consisting of a combination of the undeformed stiffness and deformed compliance and has the same eigenprojectors as the elastic compliance. In the undeformed state, the distortion operator is equal to the fourth-order identity. Through the use of the distortion operator, an evolved stress tensor is introduced. When the evolved stress tensor is substituted into an isotropic yield function, a new anisotropic yield function results. In the case of the von Mises isotropic yield function (which contains only deviatoric components), it is shown that the distortion operator introduces a dilatational contribution without requiring an increase in hydrostatic strength. In the thesis, an introduction and literature review of the cap function is given. A transversely isotropic compliance is presented, based on a linear combination of natural bases constructed about a transverse-symmetry axis. Using a probabilistic distribution of cracks constructed for the case of transverse isotropy, a compliance expression is presented that demonstrated a decrease in lateral stiffness, but leaves axial stiffness unchanged. A demonstration of how the distortion operator could be used in the elastic/plastic analysis of a von Mises surface loaded in TXC is also presented.

Macon, David James; Brannon, Rebecca Moss; Strack, Otto Erik

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Concentration dependence of the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter in aqueous solutions of capped PEO chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dependence on volume fraction $\\varphi$ of the Flory-Huggins $\\chi_{\\mathrm{wp}}\\left(\\varphi\\right)$ describing the free energy of mixing of polymers in water is obtained by exploiting the connection of $\\chi_{\\mathrm{wp}}\\left(\\varphi\\right)$ to the chemical potential of the water, for which quasi-chemical theory is satisfactory. We test this theoretical approach with simulation data for aqueous solutions of capped PEO oligomers. For CH$_3$(CH$_2$-O-CH$_2$)$_m$CH$_3$ ($m$=11), $\\chi_{\\mathrm{wp}}\\left(\\varphi\\right)$ depends strongly on $\\varphi$, consistent with experiment. These results identify coexisting water-rich and water-poor solutions at $T$ = 300K and $p$ = 1atm. Direct observation of the coexistence of these two solutions on simulation time scales supports that prediction for the system studied. This approach directly provides the osmotic pressures. The osmotic second virial coefficient for these chains is positive, reflecting repulsive interactions between the chains in the water, a good solvent for these chains.

M. I. Chaudhari; L. R. Pratt; M. E. Paulaitis

2014-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

188

A Circulating Hydrogen Ultra-High Purification System for the MuCap Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The MuCap experiment is a high-precision measurement of the rate for the basic electroweak process of muon capture, mu- + p -> n + nu . The experimental approach is based on an active target consisting of a time projection chamber (TPC) operating with pure hydrogen gas. The hydrogen has to be kept extremely pure and at a stable pressure. A Circulating Hydrogen Ultrahigh Purification System was designed at the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI) to continuously clean the hydrogen from impurities. The system is based on an adsorption cryopump to stimulate the hydrogen flow and on a cold adsorbent for the hydrogen cleaning. It was installed at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in 2004 and performed reliably during three experiment runs. During several months long operating periods the system maintained the hydrogen purity in the detector on the level of 20 ppb for moisture, which is the main contaminant, and of better than 7 ppb and 5 ppb for nitrogen and oxygen, respectively. The pressure inside the TPC was stabilized to within 0.024% of 10 bar at a hydrogen flow rate of 3 standard liters per minute.

V. A. Ganzha; P. A. Kravtsov; O. E. Maev; G. N. Schapkin; G. G. Semenchuk; V. Trofimov; A. A. Vasilyev; M. E. Vznuzdaev; S. M. Clayton; P. Kammel; B. Kiburg; M. Hildebrandt; C. Petitjean; T. I. Banks; B. Lauss

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

189

Structural analysis of closure cap barriers: A pre-test study for the Bentonite Mat Demonstration Project. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bentonite Mat Demonstration Project (BMDP) is a field demonstration study to determine the construction/installation requirements, permeability, and subsidence performance characteristics of a composite barrier. The composite barrier will consist of on-site sandy-clay blanketed by a bentonite mat and a flexible High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) liner (also called flexible membrane liner). Construction of one control test pad and three bentonite test pads are planned. The control test pad will be used to establish baseline data. Underneath the composite clay cap is a four feet thick loose sand layer in which cavities will be created by evacuation of sand. The present work provides a mathematical model for the BMDP. The mathematical model will be used to simulate the mechanical and structural responses of the composite clay cap during the testing processes. Based upon engineering experience and technical references, a set of nominal soil parameters have been selected.

Gong, Chung; Pelfrey, J.R.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

New policy imperatives for energy producers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conferences sponsored by the International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development are organized toward increasing the understanding of the multifaceted problems in energy - economic, technical, and political - that confront not just the consuming industrial powers but the developing OPEC and non-OPEC producers and, in particular, the Third World countries whose plight is extreme. All types were represented at this 6th conference, and the 21 papers mirror the diversity of ideas and, at the same time, the very real areas where cooperation and coordination are clearly both possible and desirable. A separate abstract was prepared for each paper for Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA); one abstract was selected for Energy Research Abstracts (ERA).

El Mallakh, R.; El Mallakh, D.H. (eds.)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Implementing a time- and location-differentiated cap-and-trade program : flexible nitrogen oxide abatement from power plants in the eastern United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies suggest that timing and location of emissions can change the amount of ozone formed from a given amount of nitrogen oxide (NOx) by a factor of five (Mauzerall et al. 2005). Yet existing NOx cap-and-trade programs ...

Martin, Katherine C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Sum frequency generation and catalytic reaction studies of the removal of the organic capping agents from Pt nanoparticles by UV-ozone treatment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the structure of the organic capping layers of platinum colloid nanoparticles and their removal by UV-ozone exposure. Sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (SFGVS) studies identify the carbon-hydrogen stretching modes on poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) and tetradecyl tributylammonium bromide (TTAB)-capped platinum nanoparticles. We found that the UV-ozone treatment technique effectively removes the capping layer on the basis of several analytical measurements including SFGVS, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS). The overall shape of the nanoparticles was preserved after the removal of capping layers, as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). SFGVS of ethylene hydrogenation on the clean platinum nanoparticles demonstrates the existence of ethylidyne and di-{sigma}-bonded species, indicating the similarity between single-crystal and nanoparticle systems.

Aliaga, Cesar; Park, Jeong Y.; Yamada, Yusuke; Lee, Hyun Sook; Tsung, Chia-Kuang; Yang, Peidong; Somorjai, Gabor A.

2009-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

193

Procedures for Harvesting tissue for Genotyping with SolCAP Vinyl mesh (not metal) screen from local hardware store cut in plate size rectangles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Procedures for Harvesting tissue for Genotyping with SolCAP Supplies: Vinyl mesh (not metal) screen (Fisher part# 14-387-90) 1 quart Ziploc bags Silca: Fisher part# s161-212 Procedures 1. Label plate

Douches, David S.

194

Magnetic tunnel junctions for magnetic field sensor by using CoFeB sensing layer capped with MgO film  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We evaluated MgO-based magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) for magnetic field sensors with spin-valve-type structures in the CoFeB sensing layer capped by an MgO film in order to obtain both top and bottom interfaces of MgO/CoFeB exhibiting interfacial perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA). Hysteresis of the CoFeB sensing layer in these MTJs annealed at 275?C was suppressed at a thickness of the sensing layer below 1.2?nm by interfacial PMA. We confirmed that the CoFeB sensing layers capped with MgO suppress the thickness dependences of both the magnetoresistance ratio and the magnetic behaviors of the CoFeB sensing layer more than that of the MTJ with a Ta capping layer. MgO-based MTJs with MgO capping layers can improve the controllability of the characteristics for magnetic field sensors.

Takenaga, Takashi, E-mail: takenaga@leap.or.jp; Tsuzaki, Yosuke; Yoshida, Chikako; Yamazaki, Yuichi; Hatada, Akiyoshi; Nakabayashi, Masaaki; Iba, Yoshihisa; Takahashi, Atsushi; Noshiro, Hideyuki; Tsunoda, Koji; Aoki, Masaki; Furukawa, Taisuke; Fukumoto, Hiroshi; Sugii, Toshihiro [Low-power Electronics Association and Project (LEAP), Tsukuba 305-8569 (Japan)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

195

Condensed Surfaces of Magnetic Neutron Stars, Thermal Surface Emission, and Particle Acceleration Above Pulsar Polar Caps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For sufficiently strong magnetic fields and/or low temperatures, the neutron star surface may be in a condensed state with little gas or plasma above it. Such surface condensation can significantly affect the thermal emission from isolated neutron stars, and may lead to the formation of a charge-depleted acceleration zone ("vacuum gap") in the magnetosphere above the stellar polar cap. Using the latest results on the cohesive property of magnetic condensed matter, we quantitatively determine the conditions for surface condensation and vacuum gap formation in magnetic neutron stars. We find that condensation can occur if the thermal energy kT of the neutron star surface is less than about 8% of its cohesive energy Q_s, and that a vacuum gap can form if the neutron star's rotation axis and magnetic moment point in opposite directions and kT is less than about 4% of Q_s. Thus, vacuum gap accelerators may exist for some neutron stars. Motivated by this result, we also study the physics of pair cascades in the vacuum gap model for photon emission by accelerating electrons and positrons due to both curvature radiation and resonant/nonresonant inverse Compton scattering. Our calculations of the condition of cascade-induced vacuum breakdown and the related pulsar death line/boundary generalize previous works to the superstrong field regime. We find that inverse Compton scatterings do not produce a sufficient number of high energy photons in the gap and thus do not lead to pair cascades for most neutron star parameters. We discuss the implications of our results for the recent observations of neutron star thermal radiation as well as for the detection/non-detection of radio emission from high-B pulsars and magnetars.

Zach Medin; Dong Lai

2008-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

196

TESTING AND ANALYSIS OF CAP CONCRETE STRESS AND STRAIN DUE TO SHRINKAGE, CREEP, AND EXPANSION FINAL REPORT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In-situ decommissioning of Reactors P- and R- at the Savannah River Site will require filling the reactor vessels with a special concrete based on materials such as magnesium phosphate, calcium aluminate or silica fume. Then the reactor vessels will be overlain with an 8 ft. thick layer of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) steel reinforced concrete, called the 'Cap Concrete'. The integrity of this protective layer must be assured to last for a sufficiently long period of time to avoid ingress of water into the reactor vessel and possible movement of radioactive contamination into the environment. During drying of this Cap Concrete however, shrinkage strains are set up in the concrete as a result of diffusion and evaporation of water from the top surface. This shrinkage varies with depth in the poured slab due to a non-uniform moisture distribution. This differential shrinkage results in restraint of the upper layers with larger shrinkage by lower layers with lesser displacements. Tensile stresses can develop at the surface from the strain gradients in the bulk slab, which can lead to surface cracking. Further, a mechanism called creep occurs during the curing period or early age produces strains under the action of restraining forces. To investigate the potential for surface cracking, an experimental and analytical program was started under TTQAP SRNL-RP-2009-01184. Slab sections made of Cap Concrete mixture were instrumented with embedded strain gages and relative humidity sensors and tested under controlled environmental conditions of 23 C and relative humidities (RH) of 40% and 80% over a period of 50 days. Calculation methods were also developed for predictions of stress development in the full-scale concrete placement over the reactor vessels. These methods were evaluated by simulating conditions for the test specimens and the calculation results compared to the experimental data. A closely similar test with strain gages was performed by Kim and Lee for a concrete mixture that did not employ humidity sensors and the admixtures used in this program. Yuan and Wan tried to predict the shrinkage strains and stresses in the Kim and Lee experiment, but did not include a creep analysis. Grasley and Lange conducted full restraint load tests on a concrete prism instrumented with humidity sensors over a 7 day curing period. The hypothetical case of full-scale placement of the Cap Concrete was also analyzed using the developed analytical methods. The calculation performed in this report is for scoping purposes only.

Guerrero, H.; Restivo, M.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Application of evolved gas analysis to cold-cap reactions of melter feeds for nuclear waste vitrification  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone by E-mailRadioimmunotherapy ofevolved gas analysis to cold-cap

198

Complete kinetic isotope effect description of transition states for acid-catalyzed hydrolyses of methyl. cap alpha. - and. beta. -glucopyranosides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following kinetic isotope effects (k/sub light//k/sub heavy/) have been measured by the isotopic quasi-racemate method for the hydrolyses of methyl ..cap alpha..- and ..beta..-glucopyranosides, respectively in 2.0 M HClO/sub 4/ at 80/sup 0/C (..cap alpha..-D 1.137 +/- 0.007, 1.089 +/- 0.006; ..beta..-D 1.073 +/- 0.003, 1.045 +/- 0.004; ..gamma..-D (C5) 0.987 +/- 0.002, 0.971 +/- 0.003; leaving group d/sub 3/ 1.006 +/- 0.001, 1.015 +/- 0.002; leaving group /sup 18/O 1.026 +/- 0.001, 1.024 +/ +/- 0.002; anomeric /sup 13/C 1.007 +/- 0.001, 1.011 +/- 0.002). In conjunction with studies of the effect of added solutes on the rates of hydrolysis of various aldopyranosyl derivatives, which indicate such reactions are truly unimolecular, and model ring /sup 18/O and ..beta..-deuterium effects, it is possible to locate the dihedral angles about the O5-C1 and C1-C2 bonds at the transition state using these data. If the dihedral angles so derived are used as constraints in calculations using N.L. Allinger's MM2 molecular mechanics program, transition-state structures are obtained. The geometry of these transition states stands in contradiction to the theory of stereoelectronic control.

Bennet, A.J.; Sinnott, M.L.

1986-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

199

PROJECT-SPECIFIC TYPE A VERIFICATION FOR THE BROOKHAVEN GRAPHITE RESEARCH REACTOR ENGINEERED CAP, BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY UPTON, NEW YORK DCN 5098-SR-07-0  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) has reviewed the project documentation and data for the Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor (BGRR) Engineered Cap at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) in Upton, New York. The Brookhaven Science Associates (BSA) have completed removal of affected soils and performed as-left surveys by BSA associated with the BGRR Engineered Cap. Sample results have been submitted, as required, to demonstrate that remediation efforts comply with the cleanup goal of {approx}15 mrem/yr above background to a resident in 50 years (BNL 2011a).

Evan Harpenau

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

200

Evaluation of the neutron self-interrogation approach for assay of plutonium in high-. cap alpha. ,n materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron self-interrogation is a proposed method for assay of plutonium in bulk materials with very high ..cap alpha..,n activity. The simple assay approach assumes that neutron multiplication for the calibration standards is the same as that for the bulk items. Efforts to use bulk properties to determine corrections to the calibration for changing multiplication have been initiated. Self-interrogation assays of bulk pyrochemical residues have been performed. Comparison with tag values obtained by difference gives poor agreement. Comparison with tag values obtained by dissolution and destructive analysis gives agreement at the 10% (1sigma) level with no corrections for changing package dimensions or matrix amounts. The agreement improves by a factor of 2 or more if a bulk correction factor (derived from a packaging/matrix study with standards) is applied.

Russo, P.A.; Menlove, H.O.; Fife, K.W.; West, M.H.; Miller, B.L.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Managing Distributed UPS Energy for Effective Power Capping in Data Centers Vasileios Kontorinis*, Liuyi Zhang*, Baris Aksanli*, Jack Sampson*, Houman Homayoun*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BackupMain Bus-type power network Utility Diesel Generator ATS PDU Server Rack Server Rack Server RackManaging Distributed UPS Energy for Effective Power Capping in Data Centers Vasileios Kontorinis), ** Google GoalsGoals Reduce data center peak power using UPS-stored energy Increase servers supported

Simunic, Tajana

202

amount of CO2 ice in a martian polar cap can be set by the condition that it not liquefy at its base as a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

amount of CO2 ice in a martian polar cap can be set by the condition that it not liquefy at its-particle irradiation experiments with 2.5% H2O in CH4-NH3 atmospheres, organic sol- ids are also plentifully produced

Capone, Douglas G.

203

SmartCap: Flattening Peak Electricity Demand in Smart Homes Sean Barker, Aditya Mishra, David Irwin, Prashant Shenoy, and Jeannie Albrecht  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SmartCap: Flattening Peak Electricity Demand in Smart Homes Sean Barker, Aditya Mishra, David Irwin--Flattening household electricity demand reduces generation costs, since costs are disproportionately affected by peak demands. While the vast majority of household electrical loads are interactive and have little scheduling

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

204

Published in: Journal of Geophysical ResearchVOL.100E10 21,119--21,234, October 25, 1995. Low brightness temperatures of Martian Polar caps : CO 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the condensation of CO 2 in the atmosphere. We have used a combination of data analysis and modeling to compare to the frost point of CO 2 gas, CO 2 condenses, and polar ice caps are formed. The surface temperature which have directly condensed on the ground could have an emissivity close to unity and in any case much

Forget, François

205

Published in: Journal of Geophysical ResearchVOL.100-E10 21,11921,234, October 25, 1995. Low brightness temperatures of Martian Polar caps : CO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the condensation of CO¢ in the atmosphere. We have used a combination of data analysis and modeling to compare to the frost point of CO¤ gas, CO¤ condenses, and polar ice caps are formed. The surface temperature which have directly condensed on the ground could have an emissivity close to unity and in any case much

Forget, François

206

Sonochemical and hydrothermal synthesis of PbTe nanostructures with the aid of a novel capping agent  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: PbTe nanostructures were prepared with the aid of Schiff-base compound. Sonochemical and hydrothermal methods were employed to fabricate PbTe nanostrucrues. The effect of preparation parameters on the morphology of PbTe was investigated. - Abstract: In this work, a new Schiff-base compound derived from 1,8-diamino-3,6-dioxaoctane and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde marked as (2-HyNa)-(DaDo) was synthesized, characterized, and then used as capping agent for the preparation of PbTe nanostructures. To fabricate PbTe nanostructures, two different synthesis methods; hydrothermal and sonochemical routes, were applied. To further investigate, the effect of preparation parameters like reaction time and temperature in hydrothermal synthesis and sonication time in the presence of ultrasound irradiation on the morphology and purity of the final products was tested. The products were analyzed with the aid of SEM, TEM, XRD, FT-IR, and EDS. Based on the obtained results, it was found that pure cubic phased PbTe nanostructures have been obtained by hydrothermal and sonochemical approaches. Besides, SEM images showed that cubic-like and rod-like PbTe nanostructures have been formed by hydrothermal and sonochemical methods, respectively. Sonochemical synthesis of PbTe nanostructures was favorable, because the synthesis time of sonochemical method was shorter than that of hydrothermal method.

Fard-Fini, Shahla Ahmadian [Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University, P.O. Box 19395-3697, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Salavati-Niasari, Masoud, E-mail: salavati@kashanu.ac.ir [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Kashan, P.O. Box 87317-51167, Kashan, Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Institute of Nano Science and Nano Technology, University of Kashan, P.O. Box 87317-51167, Kashan, Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mohandes, Fatemeh [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Kashan, P.O. Box 87317-51167, Kashan, Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

High thermal stability and low Gilbert damping constant of CoFeB/MgO bilayer with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy by Al capping and rapid thermal annealing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate that the magnetic anisotropy of the CoFeB/MgO bilayer can be manipulated by adding an aluminum capping layer. After rapid thermal annealing, we can achieve large perpendicular magnetic anisotropy of CoFeB with a high thermal stability factor (??=?72) while the Gilbert damping constant can be reduced down to only 0.011 simultaneously. The boron and residual oxygen in the bulk CoFeB layer are properly absorbed by the Al capping layer during annealing, leading to the enhanced exchange stiffness and reduced damping. The interfacial Fe-O bonding can be optimized by tuning annealing temperature and thickness of Al, resulting in enhanced perpendicular anisotropy.

Wang, Ding-Shuo; Lai, Shu-Yu; Lin, Tzu-Ying; Wang, Liang-Wei; Liao, Jung-Wei; Lai, Chih-Huang, E-mail: chlai@mx.nthu.edu.tw [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Chien, Cheng-Wei; Wang, Yung-Hung [Electronics and Optoelectronics Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Chutung, Taiwan (China); Ellsworth, David; Lu, Lei; Wu, Mingzhong [Department of Physics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 (United States)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

208

Rocket borne solar eclipse experiment to measure the temperature structure of the solar corona via lyman-. cap alpha. line profile observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A rocket borne experiment to measure the temperature structure of the inner solar corona via the doppler broadening of the resonance hydrogen Lyman-..cap alpha.. (lambda1216A) radiation scattered by ambient neutral hydrogen atoms was attempted during the 16 Feb 1980 solar eclipse. Two Nike-Black Brant V sounding rockets carrying instrumented payloads were launched into the path of the advancing eclipse umbra from the San Marco satellite launch platform 3 miles off the east coast of Kenya.

Argo, H.V.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

/sup 194/ /sup 196/ /sup 198/Pt(t,. cap alpha. )/sup 193/ /sup 195/ /sup 197/Ir reactions with polarized tritons. [17 MeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The /sup 194/ /sup 196/ /sup 198/Pt(t vector, ..cap alpha..)/sup 193/ /sup 195/ /sup 197/Ir reactions were measured. Angular distributions of cross sections and analyzing powers for levels up to approx. 2.5 MeV in each residual nuclide were obtained, and comparisons with DWBA predictions allowed spins, parities, and pickup spectroscopic strengths to be determined. The results are being analyzed with the aim of testing the existence of supersymmmetric structures in nature. 2 figures.

Cizewski, J.A.; Flynn, E.R.; Sunier, J.W.; Brown, R.E.; Burke, D.G.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Field evaluation of two shallow land burial trench cap designs for long-term stabilization and closure of waste repositories at Los Alamos, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results from several field experiments on methods to control soil erosion, biointrusion, and water infiltration were used to design and test a burial site cover which improves the ability of the disposal site to isolate the wastes. The performance of the improved cover design in managing water and biota at the disposal site was compared with a more conventional design widely used in the industry. The conventional trench cover design consists of 15 cm of sandy loam topsoil over 75 cm of sandy silt backfill, whereas the improved trench cover design consists of 75 cm of topsoil over a minimum of 25 cm of gravel and 90 cm of river cobble. Each plot was lined with an impermeable liner to allow for mass balance calculation of water dynamics and contains hydrologic tracer ions (iodide and bromide) to demonstrate movement of water through the various zones of the trench cap. Cesium was emplaced beneath the trench cap to indicate root penetration through the trench cap, observed by sampling plant samples collected on the plots and assaying them for cesium. The field data are summarized and discussed in terms of its usefulness for waste management decisions. 67 refs., 44 figs., 4 tabs.

Nyhan, J.; Drennon, B.; Hakonson, T.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Structure-function relationships in the Na,K-ATPase. cap alpha. subunit: site-directed mutagenesis of glutamine-111 to arginine and asparagine-122 to aspartic acid generates a ouabain-resistant enzyme  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Na,K-ATPases from various species differ greatly in their sensitivity to cardiac glycosides such as ouabain. The sheep and human enzymes are a thousand times more sensitive than the corresponding ones from rat and mouse. To define the region of the ..cap alpha..1 subunit responsible for this differential sensitivity, chimeric cDNAs of sheep and rat were constructed and expressed in ouabain-sensitive HeLa cells. The construct containing the amino-terminal half of the rat ..cap alpha..1 subunit coding region and carboxyl-terminal half of the sheep conferred the ouabain-resistant phenotype to HeLa cells while the reverse construct did not. This indicates that the determinants involved in ouabain sensitivity are located in the amino-terminal half of the Na,K-ATPase ..cap alpha.. subunit. By use of site-directed mutagenesis, the amino acid sequence of the first extracellular domain (H1-H2) of the sheep ..cap alpha..1 subunit was changed to that of the rat. When expressed in HeLa cells, this mutated sheep ..cap alpha..1 construct, like the rat/sheep chimera, was able to confer ouabain resistance to these cells. Furthermore, similar results were observed when HeLa cells were transfected with a sheep ..cap alpha..1 cDNA containing only two amino acid substitutions. The resistant cells, whether transfected with the rat ..cap alpha..1 cDNA, the rat/sheep chimera, or the mutant sheep ..cap alpha..1 cDNAs, exhibited identical biochemical characteristics including ouabain-inhibitable cell growth, /sup 86/Rb/sup +/ uptake, and Na,K-ATPase activity. These results demonstrate that the presence of arginine and aspartic acid on the amino end and carboxyl end, respectively, of the H1-H2 extracellular domain of the Na,K-ATPase ..cap alpha.. subunit together is responsible for the ouabain-resistant character of the rat enzyme and the corresponding residues in the sheep ..cap alpha..1 subunit (glutamine and asparagine) are somehow involved in ouabain binding.

Price, E.M.; Lingrel, J.B.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

CAP Annual Rate Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation Sites Proposed Route Segments (notCAMD Cleanroom 2009Liquids

213

Investigation of the influence of. cap alpha. irradiation on the valence states of the actinides. IX. Behavior of curium, americium, and plutonium in solutions of sodium perchlorate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It was shown that during prolong intense ..cap alpha.. irradiation of concentrated weakly acid solutions of sodium perchlorate, containing curium(III), americium(III), and plutonium(IV), two types of precipitates are formed: amorphous and crystalline. It was established that in this case there is a substantial decrease in the acidity of the solution. It was found that the crystalline precipitate represents sodium chloride, while the amorphous precipitate consists of hydroxides of the actinides. In the amorphous precipitate neptunium is in the hexavalent state and americium in the tri- and pentavalent states.

Frolov, A.A.; Kornilov, A.S.; Vasil'ev, V.Ya.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Combatting Ionic Aggregation using Dielectric Forces Combining Modeling/Simulation and Experimental Results to Explain End-capping of Primary Amine Functionalized Polystyrene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chain-end functionalization of living poly(styryl)lithium using 1-(3-bromopropyl)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-1-aza-2,5-disilacyclo-pentane (BTDP) to generate primary amine end-functionalized polystyrene was investigated using high vacuum anionic polymerization techniques. 13C NMR spectroscopy and Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) were used to evaluate polymer end-groups and demonstrated that quantitative amine functionalized polymer was attained under appropriate reaction conditions. In general, the polymerization of styrene was conducted in benzene and the end-capping reaction was performed by adding tetrahydrofuran (THF) to the reaction prior to the addition of BTDP in THF at room temperature. Results indicated that approximately 20% THF by volume is required to obtain 100% end-capping free from side reactions. When too little or no THF was present, side reactions such as lithium halogen exchange followed by Wurtz coupling resulted in unfunctionalized head-to-head dimer as well as other byproducts. Modeling and simulation of the solvent effects using hybrid methods (the so-called QM/MM method) suggest that THF effectively dissociated the anionic chain-end aggregation, thereby resulting in the desired primary amine functionalized polymer. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were conducted to develop an understanding of the physics of counterions involved in the end-functionalization process.

Messman, Jamie M [ORNL; Goswami, Monojoy [ORNL; Pickel, Deanna L [ORNL; Uhrig, David [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Integrated Manhattan Project for Excellence in Radiochemistry (IMPER)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accomplishments are reported in these areas: single step radiolabeling of peptides with fluorine-18; photoreduction of 99Tc pertechnetate by nanometer-sized metal oxides for environmental remediation; synthesis and characterization of multi-modal CNT imaging constructs.

Lewis, Jason

2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

216

Advancing manufacturing technology that is imperative to prevent...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

industry is a cornerstone of the American economy and embodies the innovation and productivity that have allowed the United States to be the dominant leader in advanced...

217

The American college and its architecture : an institutional imperative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The architectural form of the American college campus is shaped by broader cultural and philosophical factors which themselves are based on the notion of an architectural environment able to control the intellectual growth ...

Taylor, Rives Trau

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Can Logic Programming Execute as Fast as Imperative Programming?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into ten sections. Section 2 documents the compiler's directives. Section 3 gives the compiler's options. Section 4 gives a short overview of the dataflow analysis done by the com- piler. Section 5 gives the type declarations accepted by the compiler. Section 6 summarizes the differ- ences between Aquarius Prolog

Bonaventure, Olivier

219

Ynot : Dependent Types for Imperative Programs Aleksandar Nanevski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Logic, Separation Logic, Monads 1. Introduction Two main properties make type systems an effective from more expressive logics, as implemented in ESC [26], JML [7], Spec# [2], Cyclone [21], Sage [14

Nanevski, Aleksandar

220

Equality saturation : using equational reasoning to optimize imperative functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the first screen in digital media. Copyrights for componentsthe first screen in digital media. Copyrights for componentsthe first screen in digital media. Copyrights for components

Tate, Ross; Tate, Ross

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Environment and Development Challenges: The Imperative to Act  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

§ Eliminate subsidies and create functioning markets to pay for ecosystem services § Address failures in the Atlantic #12;GHG emissions accelerate despite reduction efforts. Most emission growth is CO2 from fossil fuel combustion and industrial processes #12;Observed change in surface temperature 1901-2012 All

Maryland at College Park, University of

222

Advancing manufacturing technology that is imperative to prevent erosion of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout the BuildingInnovation PortalScienceScriptingAdvancingEnergyour

223

The Effects of Oxygen Plasma on the Chemical Composition and Morphology of the Ru Capping Layer of the Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) Mask Blanks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Contamination removal from extreme ultraviolet (EUV) mask surfaces is one of the most important aspects to improve reliability for the next generation of EUV lithography. We report chemical and morphological changes of the ruthenium (Ru) mask surface after oxygen plasma treatment using surface sensitive analytical methods: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Chemical analysis of the EUV masks shows an increase in the subsurface oxygen concentration, Ru oxidation and surface roughness. XPS spectra at various photoelectron takeoff angles suggest that the EUV mask surface was covered with chemisorbed oxygen after oxygen plasma treatment. It is proposed that the Kirkendall effect is the most plausible mechanism that explains the Ru surface oxidation. The etching rate of the Ru capping layer by oxygen plasma was estimated to be 1.5 {+-} 0.2 {angstrom}/min, based on TEM cross sectional analysis.

Belau, Leonid; Park, Jeong Y.; Liang, Ted; Somorjai, Gabor A.

2008-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

224

Effects of capping on GaN quantum dots deposited on Al{sub 0.5}Ga{sub 0.5}N by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The impact of the capping process on the structural and morphological properties of GaN quantum dots (QDs) grown on fully relaxed Al{sub 0.5}Ga{sub 0.5}N templates was studied by transmission electron microscopy. A morphological transition between the surface QDs, which have a pyramidal shape, and the buried ones, which have a truncated pyramid shape, is evidenced. This shape evolution is accompanied by a volume change: buried QDs are bigger than surface ones. Furthermore a phase separation into Al{sub 0.5}Ga{sub 0.5}N barriers was observed in the close vicinity of buried QDs. As a result, the buried QDs were found to be connected with the nearest neighbors by thin Ga-rich zones, whereas Al-rich zones are situated above the QDs.

Korytov, M. [CRHEA-CNRS, rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France) and University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Parc Valrose, 06103 Nice (France); Benaissa, M. [CNRST, angle Allal-Fassi/FAR, Madinat al-irfane, 10000 Rabat (Morocco); Brault, J.; Vennegues, P. [CRHEA-CNRS, rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France); Huault, T. [CRHEA-CNRS, rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne, France and RIBER S.A., 31 rue Casimir Perier, BP 70083, 95873 Bezons Cedex (France); Neisius, T. [CP2M, Faculte Saint Jerome, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20 (France)

2009-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

225

Implications of heavy-ion-induced satellite x-ray emission. III. Chemical effects in high resolution sulfur K/sub. cap alpha. / x-ray spectra  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High resolution (approx. 7 eV at 2.3 keV) sulfur K/sub ..cap alpha../ x-ray spectra have been obtained for a series of sulfur compound targets under heavy ion impact at the Holified Heavy Ion Facility. The spectra observed are dominated by a series of satellite peaks arising from varying degrees of L-shell ionization at the time of x-ray emission. Each spectral profile has been parameterized by a single variable p/sub L/, the apparent average L-shell ionization probability. Correlations are evident between p/sub L/ and the corresponding sulfur atom chemical environment. Much stronger correlations are however found for variations of some individual peak intensities with specific chemical parameters. Comparison of results for Ar/sup q+/ and Kr/sup q+/ projectiles shows that while L-shell ionization probability has increased, chemical sensitivity has apparently saturated.

Vane, C.R.; Hulett, L.D. Jr.; Kahane, S.; McDaniel, F.D.; Milner, W.T.; Raman, S.; Rosseel, T.M.; Slaughter, G.G.; Varghese, S.L.; Young, J.P.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Short and Long-Term Perspectives: The Impact on Low-Income Consumers of Forecasted Energy Price Increases in 2008 and A Cap & Trade Carbon Policy in 2030  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA) recently released its short-term forecast for residential energy prices for the winter of 2007-2008. The forecast indicates increases in costs for low-income consumers in the year ahead, particularly for those using fuel oil to heat their homes. In the following analysis, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory has integrated the EIA price projections with the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 2001 in order to project the impact of these price increases on the nation's low-income households by primary heating fuel type, nationally and by Census Region. The report provides an update of bill estimates provided in a previous study, "The Impact Of Forecasted Energy Price Increases On Low-Income Consumers" (Eisenberg, 2005). The statistics are intended for use by policymakers in the Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program and elsewhere who are trying to gauge the nature and severity of the problems that will be faced by eligible low-income households during the 2008 fiscal year. In addition to providing expenditure forecasts for the year immediately ahead, this analysis uses a similar methodology to give policy makers some insight into one of the major policy debates that will impact low-income energy expenditures well into the middle decades of this century and beyond. There is now considerable discussion of employing a cap-and-trade mechanism to first limit and then reduce U.S. emissions of carbon into the atmosphere in order to combat the long-range threat of human-induced climate change. The Energy Information Administration has provided an analysis of projected energy prices in the years 2020 and 2030 for one such cap-and-trade carbon reduction proposal that, when integrated with the RECS 2001 database, provides estimates of how low-income households will be impacted over the long term by such a carbon reduction policy.

Eisenberg, Joel Fred [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

In-situ subaqueous capping of mercury-contaminated sediments in a fresh-water aquatic system, Part IBench-scale microcosm study to assess methylmercury production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bench-scale microcosm experiments were designed to provide a better understanding of the potential for Hg methylation in sediments from an aquatic environment. Experiments were conducted to examine the function of sulfate concentration, lactate concentration, the presence/absence of an aqueous inorganic Hg spike, and the presence/absence of inoculums of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans, a strain of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) commonly found in the natural sediments of aquatic environments. Incubations were analyzed for both the rate and extent of (methylmercury) MeHg production. Methylation rates were estimated by analyzing MeHg and Hg after 2, 7, 14, 28, and 42 days. The production of metabolic byproducts, including dissolved gases as a proxy for metabolic utilization of carbon substrate, was also monitored. In all treatments amended with lactate, sulfate, Hg, and SRB, MeHg was produced (37 ng/g-sediment dry weight) after only 48 h of incubation and reached a maximum sediment concentration of 127 ng/g-sediment dry weight after the 42 day incubation period. Aqueous phase production of MeHg was observed to be 10 ng/L after 2 day, reaching a maximum observed concentration of 32.8 ng/L after 14 days, and declining to 10.8 ng/L at the end of the incubation period (42 day). The results of this study further demonstrates that, in the presence of an organic carbon substrate, sulfate, and the appropriate consortia of microorganisms, sedimentary Hg will be transformed into MeHg through bacterial metabolism. Further, this study provided the basis for evaluation of an in-situ subaqueous capping strategy that may limit (or potentially enhance) MeHg production. -- Highlights: Hg methylation by SRB is limited by the depletion of sulfate and carbon. Hg methylation is sensitive to competition by methanogens for carbon substrate. In high lactate environment, all lactate was utilized in the microcosms within seven days. In the absence of adequate metabolic fuel, MeHg levels decreased on the time scale of days to weeks. Capping materials should sequester MeHg produced and not contribute to the production of MeHg.

Randall, Paul M., E-mail: randall.paul@epa.gov [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, 26 W. Martin Luther King Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45268 (United States); Fimmen, Ryan [Geosyntec Consultants, 150 E. Wilson Bridge Road, Suite 232, Worthington, OH 43085 (United States)] [Geosyntec Consultants, 150 E. Wilson Bridge Road, Suite 232, Worthington, OH 43085 (United States); Lal, Vivek; Darlington, Ramona [Battelle, 505 King Ave., Columbus, OH 43201 (United States)] [Battelle, 505 King Ave., Columbus, OH 43201 (United States)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Case study of the 19 October 1989 polar-cap-absorption event using the imaging riometer for ionospheric studies. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A polar cap absorption (PCA) event, beginning on 19 October 1989, is examined using the Imaging Riometer for Ionospheric Studies (IRIS) developed at the Univ. of Maryland. IRIS is a 49-beam (7 x 7) phased-array 38.2 MHz radiowave imaging system and operating at Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica. After applying a low-pass (>10 minute) filter, we perform a cross-correlation between the central beam and the other beams in the array. From the cross-correlation analysis, we attempt to determine whether there is any delay of effects during event onset and early main phase (plateau) within the array. For most of the period studied, no delay was detected; i.e. features of each beam's absorption time series were essentially simultaneous. However, significant delays (approx. 2 minutes) occurred at the equatorward edge during a local absorption peak occurring just prior to magnetic local noon. The peak is coincident with short-term energetic particle flux enhancements detected by GOES-7. Two possible mechanisms are proposed: a local time variation of cutoff rigidities possibly associated with the relative position of the dayside cusp, and a short-term change in energetic particle rigidity spectrum.

Davis, T.C.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Integrated hydrothermal model for proposed deep crustal borehole on Texas Gulf Coast - origins of geopressured brines and lead-zinc, uranium, hydrocarbon, and cap-rock deposits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sediment accumulation over Jurassic salt in the Gulf coast has resulted in an interrelated sequential development of salt domes and diagenetic, hydrothermal, and hydrocarbon generation zones. Primary anhydrites within the salt with high /sup 87/Sr//sup 86/Sr ratios suggest early generation of underlying fluids rich in radiogenic strontium that were incorporated in the salt during its diapiric rise to the surface. Subsequently, late-stage, hydrocarbon-rich, saline hydrothermal fluids migrated up the margins of the salt domes, and caused precipitation of several generation of calcite cements, followed by uranium and Mississippi Valley-type lead-zinc-barite deposits near or at salt dome rims. Present fluids in the lower Frio (deeper than 4270 m or 14,000 ft) at the Pleasant Bayou geopressured-geothermal test well (Brazoria County, Texas) are highly saline and enriched in iron, manganese, lead, zinc, and carbon dioxide, and are saturated in methane. These lower Frio waters must have migrated into the area recently because they are not in isotopic equilibrium with diagenetic albite cements formed at temperatures greater than 120/sup 0/C (248/sup 0/F) less than 7.5 million years ago. Isotopic and geochemical data suggest that the fluids trapped by geopressure in the lower Frio at the Pleasant Bayou well are the parent fluids of those causing salt dome cap-rock mineralization.

Light, M.P.R.; Posey, H.H.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Net Metering Policy Development and Distributed Solar Generation in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the Minnesota net metering policy is to give the maximum possible encouragement to distributed generation assets, especially solar electric systems (MN 2008). However, according to a published set of best practices (NNEC 2008) that prioritize the maximum development of solar markets within states, the Minnesota policy does not incorporate many of the important best practices that may help other states transform their solar energy markets and increase the amount of grid-connected distributed solar generation assets. Reasons cited include the low system size limit of 40kW (the best practices document recommends a 2 MW limit) and a lack of language protecting generators from additional utility fees. This study was conducted to compare Minnesota's policies to national best practices. It provides an overview of the current Minnesota policy in the context of these best practices and other jurisdictions' net metering policies, as well as a qualitative assessment of the impacts of raising the system size cap within the policy based on the experiences of other states.

Doris, E.; Busche, S.; Hockett, S.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Intermixing of InGaAs/GaAs quantum wells and quantum dots using sputter-deposited silicon oxynitride capping layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Various approaches can be used to selectively control the amount of intermixing in III-V quantum well and quantum dot structures. Impurity-free vacancy disordering is one technique that is favored for its simplicity, however this mechanism is sensitive to many experimental parameters. In this study, a series of silicon oxynitride capping layers have been used in the intermixing of InGaAs/GaAs quantum well and quantum dot structures. These thin films were deposited by sputter deposition in order to minimize the incorporation of hydrogen, which has been reported to influence impurity-free vacancy disordering. The degree of intermixing was probed by photoluminescence spectroscopy and this is discussed with respect to the properties of the SiO{sub x}N{sub y} films. This work was also designed to monitor any additional intermixing that might be attributed to the sputtering process. In addition, the high-temperature stress is known to affect the group-III vacancy concentration, which is central to the intermixing process. This stress was directly measured and the experimental values are compared with an elastic-deformation model.

McKerracher, Ian; Fu Lan; Hoe Tan, Hark; Jagadish, Chennupati [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Use of CAP88 PC to infer differences in the chemical form of I-129 emitted from a fuel reprocessing facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Emissions of 129I from nuclear fuel separations conducted at the Hanford Site in Washington State have been occurring since the 1940s. Fuel separation on the Hanford Site stopped in 1988, but emissions of 129I have continued as venting of the building occurred. In this study, atmospheric measurements of 129I concentrations were coupled with an EPA approved plume dispersion model (CAP-88PC) to evaluate the effectiveness of the dispersion model for estimating ambient concentrations at the Hanford Site. This evaluation led to the hypothesis of different chemical forms of iodine being emitted over the years; this hypothesis was developed as an explanation for the model agreeing with measurements over some time periods, but not over all time periods. The model was then run with modified emissions to simulate the short atmospheric half-life of the suspected reactive chemical form of iodine being emitted. This modification resulted in good agreement between the modeled and measured concentrations over the entire 20 year study period, and provided evidence that the hypothesis of a reactive form of iodine being emitted was correct.

Fritz, Brad G.; Phillips, Nathan RJ

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

233

PROOF OF CONCEPT TEST OF A UNIQUE GASEOUS PERFLUROCARBON TRACER SYSTEM FOR VERIFICATION AND LONG TERM MONITORING OF CAPS AND COVER SYSTEMS CONDUCTED AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE BENTONITE MAT TEST FACILITY.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Engineered covers have been placed on top of buried/subsurface wastes to minimize water infiltration and therefore, release of hazardous contaminants. In order for the cover to protect the environment it must remain free of holes and breaches throughout its service life. Covers are subject to subsidence, erosion, animal intrusion, plant root infiltration, etc., all of which will affect the overall performance of the cover. The U.S. Department of Energy Environmental Management (DOE-EM) Program 2006 Accelerated Cleanup Plan is pushing for rapid closure of many of the DOE facilities. This will require a great number of new cover systems. Some of these new covers are expected to maintain their performance for periods of up to 1000 years. Long-term stewardship will require monitoring/verification of cover performance over the course of the designed lifetime. In addition, many existing covers are approaching the end of their design life and will need validation of current performance (if continued use is desired) or replacement (if degraded). The need for a reliable method of verification and long-term monitoring is readily apparent. Currently, failure is detected through monitoring wells downstream of the waste site. This is too late as the contaminants have already left the disposal area. The proposed approach is the use of gaseous Perfluorocarbon tracers (PFT) to verify and monitor cover performance. It is believed that PFTs will provide a technology that can verify a cover meets all performance objectives upon installation, be capable of predicting changes in cover performance and failure (defined as contaminants leaving the site) before it happens, and be cost-effective in supporting stewardship needs. The PFTs are injected beneath the cover and air samples taken above (either air samples or soil gas samples) at the top of the cover. The location, concentrations, and time of arrival of the tracer(s) provide a direct measure of cover performance. PFT technology can be used as a non-invasive method (if injection ports are emplaced prior to cover emplacement) on new covers or a minimally invasive method on existing covers. PFT verification will be useful at all buried waste sites using a cover system (e.g., treated or untreated chemical waste landfills) including DOE, commercial, and private sector sites. This paper discusses the initial field trial of the PFT cover monitoring system performed at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in FY01. The experiments provided a successful proof-of-principle test of the PFT technology in monitoring caps and covers. An injection and sampling array was installed in the Bentomat test cap at the SRS Caps Test Facility. This system contained 6 feet of sandy soil beneath a 1/2 inch geosynthetic clay liner covered by an HDPE liner which was covered by 2 feet of clayey top soil. PFTs were injected into the sandy soil though a pre-existing system of access pipes below the cap and soil gas samples were taken on top of the cap. Mid-way into the injection period a series of 1 1/2 inch holes were punched into the cap (through the geomembrane) to provide a positive breach in the cap. Data will be presented that shows the initial cap was fairly tight and leak free and that the artificially induced leaks were detectable within two hours of occurrence.

HEISER,J.; SULLIVAN,T.; SERRATO,M.

2002-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

234

Leach Capping | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey, Washington:Lakeville, MN)Lauderhill,5. ItLea Hill, Washington:

235

Mathematical modeling of cold cap  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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236

CAP88 WEB TRAININGCAP88 WEB TRAINING What is CAP88 ?What is CAP88 ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which predicts air concentrations, deposition rates, concentrations in food, and intake rates for people and ground surface irradiation exposure pathways. ! Dose and risk factors were generated from the computer

237

Effect of temperature on the optical and structural properties of hexadecylamine capped ZnS nanoparticles using Zinc(II) N-ethyl-N-phenyldithiocarbamate as single source precursor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? HDA-capped ZnS nanoparticles were synthesized via thermolysis of a single source precursor. ? Zinc(II) N-ethyl-N-phenyldithiocarbamate was used as the single source precursor. ? The growth temperature was varied to study the optical properties of the nanocrystals. ? Change in growth temperature affects the structural properties of the ZnS nanoparticles. ? Hexagonal wurtzite phase was obtained at lower temperatures while cubic sphalerite phase was obtained at higher growth temperatures. -- Abstract: Reported in this work is the synthesis of HDA (hexadecylamine)-capped ZnS nanoparticles by a single source route using Zinc(II) N-ethyl-N-phenyldithiocarbamate as a precursor. By varying the growth temperature, the temporal evolution of the optical properties and morphology of the nanocrystals were investigated. The as-synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using UVvis absorption and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). All the particles exhibited quantum confinement in their optical properties with band edge emission at the early stage of the reaction. The XRD showed transition from hexagonal wurtzite phase to cubic sphalerite phase as the growth temperature increases. The TEM image showed that the particles are small and spherical in shape while the HRTEM image confirmed the crystalline nature of the material.

Onwudiwe, Damian C., E-mail: dconwudiwe@webmail.co.za [Chemical Resource Beneficiation, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520 (South Africa); Strydom, Christien [Chemical Resource Beneficiation, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520 (South Africa)] [Chemical Resource Beneficiation, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520 (South Africa); Oluwafemi, Oluwatobi S., E-mail: oluwafemi.oluwatobi@gmail.com [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Walter Sisulu University, Mthatha Campus, Private Bag X1, Mthatha (South Africa); Songca, Sandile P. [Faculty of Science, Engineering and Technology, Walter Sisulu University, P.O. Box 19712, Tecoma, East London (South Africa)] [Faculty of Science, Engineering and Technology, Walter Sisulu University, P.O. Box 19712, Tecoma, East London (South Africa)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

Very low resistance alloyed Ni-based ohmic contacts to InP-capped and uncapped n{sup +}-In{sub 0.53} Ga{sub 0.47}As  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Successful application of the silicide-like Ni{sub x}InGaAs phase for self-aligned source/drain contacts requires the formation of low-resistance ohmic contacts between the phase and underlying InGaAs. We report Ni-based contacts to InP-capped and uncapped n{sup +}- In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As (N{sub D}?=?3??10{sup 19?}cm{sup ?3}) with a specific contact resistance (?{sub c}) of 4.0 10{sup ?8?}?7 10{sup ?9} ?cm{sup 2} and 4.6 10{sup ?8?}?9 10{sup ?9} ?cm{sup 2}, respectively, after annealing at 350?C for 60?s. With an ammonium sulfide pre-metallization surface treatment, ?{sub c} is further reduced to 2.1 10{sup ?8?}?2 10{sup ?9} ?cm{sup 2} and 1.8 10{sup ?8?}?1 10{sup ?9} ?cm{sup 2} on epilayers with and without 10?nm InP caps, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy reveals that the ammonium sulfide surface treatment results in more complete elimination of the semiconductor's native oxide at the contact interface, which is responsible for a reduced contact resistance both before and after annealing.

Abraham, Michael; Yu, Shih-Ying; Choi, Won Hyuck; Mohney, Suzanne E., E-mail: mohney@ems.psu.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Materials Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Lee, Rinus T. P. [SEMATECH, 257 Fuller Road, Suite 2200, Albany, New York 12203 (United States)

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

239

Towards a hermeneutics of life practice for welfare professionals in the age of the ecological imperative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Volz argues that the task of ethics can no longer be limited to the familiar questions of moral theory in the age of modernity: the questions of morality or right conduct for the autonomous individual (Volz, 1993; Kiesel ...

Clark, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Accelerating The Education Of Girls And Women In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Development Imperative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the University of Dar-es-Salaam, spearheaded by theAAU & University of Dar-es-Salaam (1999): COREVIP:

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Cleaning Up Non-Road Diesel Vehicles: A Public Health Imperative  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NH3 slip from SCR * Longer term: N2O from NOx slip cats at 250-300C Diesel Engines and Global Warming * Diesel releases about 25% less CO2 per mile traveled (based on VW Jetta)...

242

Cleaning Up Non-Road Diesel Vehicles: A Public Health Imperative |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth DayFuelsDepartmentPolicyClean,

243

BNL -66968 CAP-265-Muon-99C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stage of ionization cooling for the muon collider requires a multistage liquid lithium lens. This system on the Be window. We describe beam optics, the liquid lithium pressure vessel, pump options, power supplies stages of 1 cooling is obtained by passing the beam though a conducting light metal rod which acts

Harilal, S. S.

244

Cracking in reinforced concrete bent caps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. 2 Group It2 Response (Specimens 3C, 3D, 4C, 4E, 5D, 5E) . . . 4. 3 Group tt3 Response (Specimens 6F, 6G, 7F, 7H, 8G, 8H) . . . 4. 4 General Response 4. 5 Sununary. . . . . 49 . . . . 58 . . . . 64 70 . . . 75 5. STRUT-AND-TIE MODELING... be expressed as the product of the steel strain (s, ) at that level multiplied by the crack spacing (s, ); 20 w =z*s C S C (2. 6) a linear strain gradient can be used to project the maximum strain occurring at the level of the flexural reinforcement...

Young, Bradley S.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Thermal Neutron Capture y's (CapGam)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC) presents two tables showing energy and photon intensity with uncertainties of gamma rays as seen in thermal-neutron capture. One table is organized in ascending order of gamma energy, and the second is organized by Z, A of the target. In the energy-ordered table the three strongest transitions are indicated in each case. The nuclide given is the target nucleus in the capture reaction. The gamma energies given are in keV. The gamma intensities given are relative to 100 for the strongest transition. %I? (per 100 n-captures) for the strongest transition is given, where known. All data are taken from the Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File (ENSDF), a computer file of evaluated nuclear structure data and from the eXperimental Unevaluated Nuclear Data List (XUNDL). (Specialized Interface)

246

Cap tulo 7 Ecos en Otros Potenciales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;ametro A > 0. Sin embargo, debido a la dureza de la pared exponencial, el an#19;alisis num#19;erico de

Mejía-Monasterio, Carlos

247

Nuclear waste vitrification efficiency: Cold cap reactions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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248

ARM - Campaign Instrument - caps-pmex  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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249

CAP2002b_lasers.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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250

APowerCap Technologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWater Rights,InformationWind Energy Jump to:WindenergieAPP

251

What Turns CAP On? The catabolite activator protein (CAP) from E. coli holds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

identified were several tetrazole derivatives, and these were used to search for analogues in a second

Kalodimos, Charalampos "Babis"

252

The "Iron Cage" of Division I Athletics and Football as Status Imperatives: Constraint and Change Among American Universities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Gendered Sports Fandom, Social Psychology Quarterly,with masculinity. Sports fandom is not a gender-neutral

Fenex, Bart Lindy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Foundations for a sociological business performance paradigm based upon the fundamental reliance on and awareness of cultural imperatives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cultural expectations. I describe culture as an organizational attribute integral to behavior and strategy which represents a potentially powerful resource facilitating operational effectiveness, sustained competitive advantage, and increased business...

Marshall, Henry Samuel

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

254

July 28, 2010, Visiting Speaker Program, Science, Technology, and Innovation: Imperatives for National and Economic Security - Event Summary and Slideshow  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES7.pdfFuel2007 | Department7January 2015JimJulieand High21 stBrian0any

255

FORMULRIO DE SOLICITAO DE DEFESA Ao Conselho da CAP,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gilberto Câmara Haroldo Fraga de Campos Velho Horacio Hideki Yanasse Joaquim José Barroso de Castro

256

Microsoft Word - McNary_ShuntCapAddition_CX.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to prevent any erosion andor runoff from construction activities from entering these water resources. Federally Listed Species and Critical Habitat. Bull trout (Salvelinus...

257

CAP LTER 20042007 Central ArizonaPhoenix LTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conceptual framework 2 Research design and approach 4 IPA: Landuse and landcover change (LULCC) 4 IPA: Climateecosystem interactions (CLIMECOS) 6 IPA: Water policy, use, and supply (WATER) 9 IPA: Material fluxes and socioecosystem

Hall, Sharon J.

258

Proceedings of the CAP meetings, November 1990--February 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains viewgraph material on the following topics: on beam emittance -- application to ATF; a review of Brookhaven Accelerator Test Facility (AFT); on development of a superconducting RFQ at Stony Brook University; development of new methods for charged particle acceleration at Yerevan Physics Institute; theory of high gain free electron laser; on ultra violet free electron laser at BNL; high luminosity at SSC; and nonlinear dynamics studies of accelerators.

Parsa, Z. (ed.)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

National propane safety week caps fifth anniversary of GAS Check  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on National Propane Safety Week. The publicity encompassed everything from preventative maintenance to safe winter storage of cylinders. This campaign focused much of its attention on GAS (gas appliance system) Check, the propane industry's most well-known safety program.

Prowler, S.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Black carbon aerosols and the third polar ice cap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent thinning of glaciers over the Himalayas (sometimes referred to as the third polar region) have raised concern on future water supplies since these glaciers supply water to large river systems that support millions of people inhabiting the surrounding areas. Black carbon (BC) aerosols, released from incomplete combustion, have been increasingly implicated as causing large changes in the hydrology and radiative forcing over Asia and its deposition on snow is thought to increase snow melt. In India BC emissions from biofuel combustion is highly prevalent and compared to other regions, BC aerosol amounts are high. Here, we quantify the impact of BC aerosols on snow cover and precipitation from 1990 to 2010 over the Indian subcontinental region using two different BC emission inventories. New estimates indicate that Indian BC emissions from coal and biofuel are large and transport is expected to expand rapidly in coming years. We show that over the Himalayas, from 1990 to 2000, simulated snow/ice cover decreases by {approx}0.9% due to aerosols. The contribution of the enhanced Indian BC to this decline is {approx}36%, similar to that simulated for 2000 to 2010. Spatial patterns of modeled changes in snow cover and precipitation are similar to observations (from 1990 to 2000), and are mainly obtained with the newer BC estimates.

Menon, Surabi; Koch, Dorothy; Beig, Gufran; Sahu, Saroj; Fasullo, John; Orlikowski, Daniel

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

alpha hydroxy-5 cap: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

violating conversion mu + A rightarrow e + A, using tertiary muons from high-power pulsed proton beams. In these experiments the products of ordinary muon capture in...

262

assessment platform cap: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences Websites Summary: power delivery, and managing operational and cooling costs. Wholesale energy markets introduce a new ......

263

ammonium cap alpha: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

violating conversion mu + A rightarrow e + A, using tertiary muons from high-power pulsed proton beams. In these experiments the products of ordinary muon capture in...

264

alphavirus capping apparatus: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

present results of a model for the energetics of electrons accelerated by the large electric fields generated by a rotating highly magnetized neutron star. The energy loss...

265

aot capped cadmium: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

violating conversion mu + A rightarrow e + A, using tertiary muons from high-power pulsed proton beams. In these experiments the products of ordinary muon capture in...

266

Tuesday, March 24, 2009 MARS POLAR CAPS: PAST AND PRESENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Safaeinili A. Smrekar S. E. Milkovich S. M. Nunes D. C. Campbell B. A. Carter L. M. Holt J. W. Seu R. Orosei, and possible flow. 9:30 a.m. Winebrenner D. P. * Koutnik M. R. Waddington E. D. Pathare A. V. Byrne S. Murray B this stratigraphic framework, we discuss Planum Australe's geologic history. 10:45 a.m. Brown A. J. * Calvin W. M

Rathbun, Julie A.

267

Black carbon aerosols and the third polar ice cap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

matter, BC from fossil/bio-fuel and biomass sources for thegm ?3 for BC from fossil/bio-fuel over India (4 ? to 40 ? Nemissions for 1990, fossil/bio-fuel BC decreases over Europe

Menon, Surabi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Physics of Stratocumulus Top (POST): turbulent mixing across capping inversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8095(00)00054-5, 2000. Peltier, W. R. and Caulfield, C. P. :or the review paper by Peltier and Caufield, 2003). If

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

alpha cap alpha: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

present review provides an update on alphas measurements from the past year. W. J. Stirling 1997-09-23 3 ALPHA OMEGA ALPHA National Honor Medical Society Biology and Medicine...

270

McGill CAPS Guide to Planning Your Career Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hired: - Network with individuals working in your field of interest, and organizations you would like organizations that you may be interested in working for. Suggested Workshops Networking Cold Calling with individuals working in your field of interest. Take advantage of Panel Presentations and Career Fairs

Verbrugge, Clark

271

Magnetic actuation and transition shapes of a bistable spherical cap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shape has a lower stain energy content to overcome. 4. Concluding remarks PDMS, a material, common in fields such as microfluidics, flexible optics, soft lithography, and soft robotics, is suggested for multistable shells, such that remote actuation...

Loukaides, E. G.; Smoukov, S. K.; Seffen, K. A.

2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

272

Corrective Action Plan (CAP) Corner: Importance of Entering Project Data  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate EarthEnergyDistrict EnergyCensus,Core5into PARS |

273

EcoloCap Solutions Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37. It is classified asThisEcoGrid EU (Smart GridNantes Jump to:

274

The softer side of control without clumping or capping | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest RegionatSearchScheduled System BurstLong Term ScheduleProjectTheUniversity

275

ARM - What About Melting Polar Ice Caps and Sea Levels?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUCProductstwrmr

276

Effect of Capping Agents in Tin Nanoparticles on Electrochemical Cycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the particle surfaces. The cycling results using coin-type half cells confirmed that the hydrobenzamide, compared with the others. From Fourier transform magnitude FT of Sn LIII-edge energy dispersive X prepared by the decom- position of tin II amides, Sn NMe2 2 2, at 135°C in dry-anisole- produced particles

Cho, Jaephil

277

32 JANUARY 2005| cap in Greenland. For data collec-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a weatherstationtorelayobservations and dug fox holes and additional cylindrical columns in the snow to take measurements interdecadal sea level variations with 10­25-yr time scales and peak-to-trough changes of ~5 cm. The Hawaii

Hickey, Barbara

278

An Experimental Study and Analysis on Vent Cap Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The evaluation method was used to confirm that the variation in the products is significantly larger than the uncertainty in the measurements, which were 0.0077 in. w.c. for the pressure loss and 0.06 in the loss coefficient. It was also shown that the loss...

Escatel, Daniel Santiago

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

279

From Ultrafine Thiolate-Capped Copper Nanoclusters toward Copper Sulfide  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityFieldMinds"OfficeTour

280

Removing Strongly Adsorbed Surfactants and Capping Agents from  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared at 278, 298,NIST31 ORV 15051Soil Vapor Extraction

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Property:CapRockAge | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,InformationInformation PelletsParticipant Jump

282

CinCap V LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuoCatalystPathways Calculatorin UrbanCimetrics Inc Jump to:V

283

CinCap IV, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy InformationLake SouthChroma ATE IncCimarron Hills, Colorado:

284

Microsoft Word - 0Hrma ColdCap Final (2)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject QuarterlyDepartmentConducting basicThis1

285

Long-Term Engineered Cap Performance | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG | DepartmentEnergy InvitationLegaltoLiz Doris AboutLochinvarLong

286

talent and technology for the future Welcome CAP Executive Board  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-mentee program Strengthen tutoring program #12;Static Components · Cost Report · Design Presentation · Business women's FSAEFielded an all women's FSAE team in 2007team in 2007 #12;UCSD FSAE ProgressUCSD FSAE;Design Process #12;Fontana Practice Event May 2008 #12;Future PlansFuture Plans Hybrid power train

Hasty, Jeff

287

Physics of Stratocumulus Top (POST): turbulent mixing across capping inversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vertical water potential horizontal wind, and turbulentof potential components of horizontal wind, and buoyantwater potential temperature, horizontal wind, and turbulent

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Carbon Dioxide Sealing Capacity: Textural or Compositional Controls?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research project is aiming to assess the carbon dioxide sealing capacity of most common seal-rocks, such as shales and non-fractured limestones, by analyzing the role of textural and compositional parameters of those rocks. We hypothesize that sealing capacity is controlled by textural and/or compositional pa-rameters of caprocks. In this research, we seek to evaluate the importance of textural and compositional parameters affecting the sealing capacity of caprocks. The conceptu-al framework involves two testable end-member hypotheses concerning the sealing ca-pacity of carbon dioxide reservoir caprocks. Better understanding of the elements controlling sealing quality will advance our knowledge regarding the sealing capacity of shales and carbonates. Due to relatively low permeability, shale and non-fractured carbonate units are considered relatively imper-meable formations which can retard reservoir fluid flow by forming high capillary pres-sure. Similarly, these unites can constitute reliable seals for carbon dioxide capture and sequestration purposes. This project is a part of the comprehensive project with the final aim of studying the caprock sealing properties and the relationship between microscopic and macroscopic characteristics of seal rocks in depleted gas fields of Oklahoma Pan-handle. Through this study we examined various seal rock characteristics to infer about their respective effects on sealing capacity in special case of replacing reservoir fluid with super critical carbon dioxide (scCO{sub 2}). To assess the effect of textural and compositional properties on scCO{sub 2} maximum reten-tion column height we collected 30 representative core samples in caprock formations in three counties (Cimarron, Texas, Beaver) in Oklahoma Panhandle. Core samples were collected from various seal formations (e.g., Cherokee, Keys, Morrowan) at different depths. We studied the compositional and textural properties of the core samples using several techniques. Mercury Injection Porosimetry (MIP), Scanning Electron Microsco-py SEM, and Sedigraph measurements are used to assess the pore-throat-size distribu-tion, sorting, texture, and grain size of the samples. Also, displacement pressure at 10% mercury saturation (Pd) and graphically derived threshold pressure (Pc) were deter-mined by MIP technique. SEM images were used for qualitative study of the minerals and pores texture of the core samples. Moreover, EDS (Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spec-trometer), BET specific surface area, and Total Organic Carbon (TOC) measurements were performed to study various parameters and their possible effects on sealing capaci-ty of the samples. We found that shales have the relatively higher average sealing threshold pressure (Pc) than carbonate and sandstone samples. Based on these observations, shale formations could be considered as a promising caprock in terms of retarding scCO{sub 2} flow and leak-age into above formations. We hypothesized that certain characteristics of shales (e.g., 3 fine pore size, pore size distribution, high specific surface area, and strong physical chemical interaction between wetting phase and mineral surface) make them an effi-cient caprock for sealing super critical CO{sub 2}. We found that the displacement pressure at 10% mercury saturation could not be the ultimate representative of the sealing capacity of the rock sample. On the other hand, we believe that graphical method, introduced by Cranganu (2004) is a better indicator of the true sealing capacity. Based on statistical analysis of our samples from Oklahoma Panhandle we assessed the effects of each group of properties (textural and compositional) on maximum supercriti-cal CO{sub 2} height that can be hold by the caprock. We conclude that there is a relatively strong positive relationship (+.40 to +.69) between supercritical CO{sub 2} column height based on Pc and hard/ soft mineral content index (ratio of minerals with Mohs hardness more than 5 over minerals with Mohs hardness less than 5) in both shales and limestone samples. Average median pore rad

Cranganu, Constantin; Soleymani, Hamidreza; Sadiqua, Soleymani; Watson, Kieva

2013-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

289

Copyright National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Earth Science and Applications from Space: National Imperatives for the Next Decade and Beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Earth Science and Applications from of volcanic eruptions and landslides #12;Copyright National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Earth://www.nap.edu/catalog/11820.html #12;Copyright National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Earth Science

Christian, Eric

290

Copyright National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Earth Science and Applications from Space: National Imperatives for the Next Decade and Beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Earth Science and Applications from Forecasts of air quality #12;Copyright National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Earth Science.html #12;Copyright National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Earth Science and Applications

Christian, Eric

291

Ice cap meltdown to cause 22ft floods Ice cap meltdown to cause 22ft floods -Telegraph http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/earthnews/3303624/Ice-cap-meltdow...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of no return and it were to melt then global sea levels would rise by 22ft and swallow up most of the world sheet. Likewise, global warming may cause a near-permanent El Nino in the Pacific, which would also over animal souvenirs (/earth/main.jhtml?xml=/earth/2007/08/16/eatrade116.xml) Rise of sea levels

Stevenson, Paul

292

PSI activity, MuCap, MuSun 1. P. Winter and MuCap collaboration. Muon Capture on the Proton. International  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on 22 Apr 2011 arXiv:1104.4421. 15. R. Engels, R. Emmerich, K. Grigoryev, P. Kravtsov, L. Kochenda, M.Phys.Conf.Ser. 295 (2011) 012161 16. H. Seyfarth, V. Baryshevsky, C. Duweke, R. Emmerich, R. Engels, K. Grigoryev, A

Titov, Anatoly

293

FORMULRIO DE SOLICITAO DE EXAME DE QUALIFICAO Ao Conselho da CAP,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joaquim José Barroso de Castro Karine Reis Ferreira Lamartine Nogueira Frutuoso Guimarães Leila Maria

294

Electrochemical aspects of stress-corrosion cracking in. cap alpha. -brass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper considers a number of aspects of the stress-corrosion cracking of brass from the point of view of the localized electrochemical processes occurring at the tip of a propagating crack. The principal system examined is the intergranular SCC of 70-30 brass in near-neutral ammoniacal solutions, for which a detailed mechanism is developed. In addition, the effects of nitrite ions in promoting SCC of both brass and copper are considered.

Burstein, G T; Newman, R C

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Western Electricity Coordinat- ing Council (WECC).The WECC is the organization responsible for coordinatingof these regions. First The WECC periodically reports on the

Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2.4 Case Study: WECC 225-Bus2.4.1 Characteristics of the WECC 225-Bus3.2.1 Characteristics of the WECC 225-Bus System . . . . . .

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Market-based Groundwater Allocation: Considerations for Arizona from the Texas Edwards Aquifer Cap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

challenge, which is emerging conflict between urban and rural demands, "between those who have water and Trade System Zachary P. Sugg Ph.D. Student University of Arizona School of Geography and Development: The University of Arizona, Technology and Research Initiative Fund 2012/2013, Water Sustainability Graduate

Fay, Noah

298

Time and location differentiated NOX control in competitive electricity markets using cap-and-trade mechanisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to variations in weather and atmospheric chemistry, the timing and location of nitrogen oxide (NOX) reductions determine their effectiveness in reducing ground-level ozone, which adversely impacts human health. Electric ...

Martin, Katherine C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

On the importance of interplanetary magnetic field By on polar cap patch formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is a fundamental plasma process, resulting in energy and momentum transfer from the solar wind to the magnetosphere pointed nearly northward at low elevation. In this interval, simultaneous SuperDARN CUTLASS Finland radar) observed by the ESR and the VHF radar and the PMRAFs measured by the CUTLASS Finland radar

Lockwood, Mike

300

Modeling & learning from the design recommendations for California's Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change has become a Major issue beginning with our generation. Governments the world over are now recognizing that industry cannot continue to pollute in a business-as-usual manner. Emitting Greenhouse gases has a ...

Fernandes, Chester, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

CAP'S TOP TEN LIST OF TIPS FOR FACULTY PREPARING PERSONNEL FILES May 25, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

information if available) to help reviewers accurately assess your contributions and impact on your field. If you received an award, do not assume that higher reviewers will recognize the name and nature about the exact nature of the new work on this project you have done since the previous review. 4. Co

California at Santa Cruz, University of

302

Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1960) 1-44. [5] Dales, J. H. Pollution, Property and Prices.Lata. "Transaction costs in pollution markets: An empiricalJuan Pablo. "Marketable pollution permits with uncertainty

Fowlie, Meredith; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Cap-and-Trade Climate Policies with Price-Regulated Industries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of electricity production--comprising all 16,891 electric- ity generators in the contiguous U.S.--in a multi-and-trade allowance allocation designs in a model of the U.S. economy where price-regulated electric utilities generate 30% of total CO2 emissions. Our empir- ical model embeds a generator-level description

304

Pressure-induced Phase Transition in Thiol-capped CdTe Nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase transitions for CdTe nanoparticles (NPs) under high pressure up to 37.0 GPa have been studied using fluorescence measurements. The phase transition from cinnarbar to rocksalt phase has been observed in CdTe NPs solution at 5.8 GPa, which is much higher than the phase transition pressure of bulk CdTe (3.8 GPa) and that of CdTe NPs in solid form (0.8 GPa). CdTe NPs solution therefore shows elevated phase transition pressure and enhanced stability against pressure compared with bulk CdTe and CdTe NPs in solid forms. The enhanced stability of CdTe NPs solution has been attributed to possible shape change in the phase transition and/or inhomogeneous strains in nanoparticle solutions.

Wu, F; Zaug, J; Young, C; Zhang, J Z

2006-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

305

One-way implodable tag capsule with hemispherical beaded end cap for LWR fuel manufacturing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A capsule is disclosed containing a tag gas in a zircaloy body portion having a hemispherical top curved toward the bottom of the body portion. The hemispherical top has a rupturable portion upon exposure to elevated gas pressure and the capsule is positioned within a fuel element in a nuclear reactor. 3 figs.

Gross, K.; Lambert, J.

1999-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

306

Paper ID #9832 Using a Marketplace to Form Multidisciplinary Systems Engineering Cap-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum Extrusion Design Competition, the American Astronautical Society/von Braun Symposium student of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Ralph R. Teetor Educational Award recipient. Mr. Michael DeLorme, Stevens engineering positions in a number of companies, primarily in the automotive and aerospace fields, in Norway

Ardis, Mark

307

Synergistic Effect of Fullerene-Capped Gold Nanoparticles on Graphene Electrochemical Supercapacitors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid Filmsfor Supercapacitors, Journal of PhysicalGraphene Electrochemical Supercapacitors Virginia Yong * ,Nanoparticles; Graphene; Supercapacitors; Energy Storage;

Yong, Virginia; Hahn, H. Thomas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2011). CO2 emissions from fuel combustion highlights.fuel combustion. In 2009, generation of electricity and heat was the largest contributor of CO2 emissions

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

TMS320x2833x, 2823x Enhanced Capture (eCAP) Module  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................................................................................... 15 4.7 Shadow Load and Lockout Control

Chang, B. C.

310

Luminescent Silicon Nanoparticles Capped by Conductive Polyaniline through the Self-Assembly Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optoelectronic devices. These applications in- clude their use as chemical sensors,9 optoelectronic devices,10

Swihart, Mark T.

311

Effect of the (OH) Surface Capping on ZnO Quantum Dots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in air at different temperatures from 150500 C for 30 min. In comparison, highly purified bulk Zn is related to oxygen deficiency [1]; the other is a much narrower ultraviolet (UV) emission band at around, compared with good quality ZnO single crystals or ZnO powders, the UV bandgap luminescence in quantum dots

Nabben, Reinhard

312

THE SURFACE ALBEDO OF THE VATNAJ OKULL ICE CAP, ICELAND: A COMPARISON BETWEEN SATELLITE-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is composed for the summer of 1996 using satellite radiance measurements from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR). This time series is compared with ground measurements carried out during is usually to a large extent determined by the summer energy balance (see e.g. Ambach(1963) for the central

Haak, Hein

313

Page 1 of 1 Visit us online: www.mcgill.ca/caps 2014-01  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

http://www.ooaq.qc.ca/liens/index.html#haut Santé Montréal Portal ­ Links to health centres http://www.santemontreal.qc.ca/en/where-to-go/ Job Search Websites Canada ­ CALSPA Career Postings http://www.eluta.ca/Speech-Language-Pathologist-jobs Canada ­ indeed http://ca.indeed.com/Speech-Language-Pathologist-jobs USA - ASHA Career Postings http://careers.asha.org/search

Barthelat, Francois

314

The Need for Speed and Stability in Data Center Power Capping Arka A. Bhattacharya, David Culler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

because from the power generation standpoint, the cost and environmental impact for large scale power generation plants such as hydro-electric plants as well as green energy installations such as solar or wind by pro- visioning expensive electrical equipment (such as UPS, diesel generators, and cooling capacity

Hunt, Galen

315

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Philosophy in Engineering Industrial Engineering andof Philosophy in Engineering Industrial Engineering andCA Ph.D. in Industrial Engineering and Operations Research (

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

CAP'S TOP TEN LIST OF TIPS FOR PERSONNEL FILES* TIP ONE: Letters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and mentoring. Highlight student achievements and post- graduation trajectories for PhD and MA advisees-progress book, for example, to demonstrate ongoing work on a large project. However, subsequent reviews must

California at Santa Cruz, University of

317

Updated October 2012 CAP'S TOP TEN LIST OF TIPS FOR PERSONNEL FILES*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

teaching and mentoring. Highlight student achievements and post-graduation trajectories for PhD and MA of an in-progress book, for example, to demonstrate ongoing work on a large project. However, subsequent

California at Santa Cruz, University of

318

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 20632073 Implications of carbon cap-and-trade for US voluntary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity sources for their own energy consumption. This market is important in that it empowers consumers purchasers, including Fortune 500 companies and other businesses, universities, and government agencies

319

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas hadronic end-cap Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

First Result of Global Commissioning of the ATALS Endcap Muon Trigger System in ATLAS Cavern Summary: on the ATLAS commissioning run from the view point of the Thin Gap Chamber...

320

Enzyme mediated synthesis of phytochelatin-capped CdS nanocrystals Seung Hyun Kang,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emission spectra, good photostability and chemical sta- bility are ideal for light-emitting diodes, solar

Chen, Wilfred

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Philippe Quirion. Co2 abatement, competitiveness andDaniel Kahn. Allocation of co2 emissions al- lowances in theA short-run case analysis of co2 leakage and nox and so2

Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

policy- the RECLAIM emission trading policy." Environ.Incentives Market: a new emissions trading program for Lospolitical feasibility of emissions trading programs. See,

Fowlie, Meredith; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

competitiveness in the eu emissions trading scheme: Policyand-trade systems for emissions trading is the allocation orciency of the resulting emissions trading market. Certainly

Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Market power in emissions trading: strategically manipu-the European Unions emissions trading system? Ambio, 41 (pricing under carbon emissions trading: A dominant firm with

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Tutor di Medicina Generale PROVINCIA DI ROMA n. cognome nome indirizzo ambulatorio cap citta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monte Rotondo 28 Dott. Cimino Eugenio Donato Via Solferino 16 00015 Monterotondo 29 Dott. Cisano Rocco Via Folgarella 30 00043 Ciampino 33 Dott.ssa Corona Maria Enrichetta Via di Santo Stefano 11 00061

Di Pillo, Gianni

326

arabidopsis root-cap peripheral: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

occurring variation is an important alternative resource for functional genetics and genomics research.; In a well-characterized collection of Arabidopsis thaliana accessions, we...

327

A modified three-surface elasto-plastic cap model and its numerical implementation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Bosnia and Herzegovina b Ecole Normale Supe´rieure de Cachan, LMT, 61 avenue du pre´sident Wilson, 94235

328

Selective Chemical Vapor Deposition of Manganese Self-Aligned Capping Layer for Cu Interconnections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

could not be broken apart. This Mn-enhanced binding strength of Cu to insulators is observed for all and nitrides. An adhesive tape is usually sufficient to remove copper films from these surfaces. Quantitative reliability because cobalt on the dielectric can increase leakage and lower the breakdown voltage.4 Cobalt

329

Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by reducing output from coal generation in other states, andallocate twice as much to coal generation as it would to gasgeneration relative to coal-generation, and California has

Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Properties of soils in a toposequence on Cap Rouge Plateau, Haiti  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

saturation, organic carbon, CEC and coarse fragment contents. They were classified as loamy-skeletal, carbonatic, isohyperthermic, shallow, Eutropeptic Rendoll and clay-skeletal, carbonatic, isohyperthermic, Lithic Rendoll, respectively. Interpretations... Carbonate Equivalent Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) Echangeable Bases. Extractable Iron and Aluminum. 38 38 40 40 43 46 47 Soil Mineralogical Properties. S i 1 t Mine ra 1 ogy . Clay Mineralogy. Soil Micromorphology Classification of the Soils...

Louis, Pierre Antoine

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

E-Print Network 3.0 - absolute cap alpha Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences and Ecology 45 Alpha Backgrounds and Their Implications for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments Using HPGe Detectors Summary: Alpha Backgrounds and Their...

332

One-way implodable tag capsule with hemispherical beaded end cap for LWR fuel manufacturing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A capsule containing a tag gas in a zircaloy body portion having a hemispical top curved toward the bottom of the body portion. The hemispherical top has a rupturable portion upon exposure to elevated gas pressure and the capsule is positioned within a fuel element in a nuclear reactor.

Gross, Kenny (Bolingbrook, IL); Lambert, John (Wheaton, IL)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Competition in Emission Permits Oligopolistic Electricityscheme: proportions for initial permit allocation . . . . .strategically manipu- lating permit price through fringe

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

HIGHRESOLUTION SEISMIC CHARACTERIZATION IN A COMPLEX URBAN , FontCap, J.2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HIGHRESOLUTION SEISMIC CHARACTERIZATION IN A COMPLEX URBAN AREA Mart, D.1 , FontCap, J.2 is very difficult. The street geometry determined the geometry of the seismic data acquisition "weathered" layer of variable thickness (building fundations, sewage system, water supply conductions, etc

Politcnica de Catalunya, Universitat

335

Rapid dynamic activation of a marine-based Arctic ice cap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 8908 Meier, M. F., M. B. Dyurgerov, U. K. Rick, S. ONeel, W. Tad Pfeffer, R. S. Anderson, S. P. Anderson, and A. F. Glazovsky (2007), Glaciers dominate Eustatic sea-level rise in the 21st century, Science, 317(5841), 10641067. Moholdt, G., J. O. Hagen...

McMillan, Malcolm; Shepherd, Andrew; Gourmelen, Noel; Dehecq, Amaury; Leeson, Amber; Ridout, Andrew; Flament, Thomas; Hogg, Anna; Gilbert, Lin; Benham, Toby; van den Broeke, Michiel; Dowdeswell, Julian A.; Fettweis, Xavier; Nol, Brice; Strozzi, Tazio

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

336

Page 1 of 2 Visit us online: www.mcgill.ca/caps 2012-12-10  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/ Provincial Park Warden Naturalist Organic Food Grower Plant Breeding Production Supervisor Program and experience. Reference numbers correspond to career description on NOC (National Occupational Classification to explore your interests, identify your goals, and discover how to make the most of your education, we

Kambhampati, Patanjali

337

Managing Distributed UPS Energy for Effective Power Capping in Data Centers Vasileios Kontorinis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that are amortized over the lifetime of the data center (capital expenses, or capex) and monthly recur- ring operating expenses (opex) [22]. Capex costs are pro- portional to the provisioned IT power per facility examines the use of distributed batteries in the data center to reduce both capex and opex costs. Power

Tomkins, Andrew

338

Meeting NSPI's 2010 SO2 emission reduction cap Larry Hughes, Mandeep Dhaliwal, and Nikita Sheth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Canada-Wide Acid Rain Strategy for Post-2000. One of the objectives of the strategy is "to meet 141,750 108,750 2010 94,500 72,500 1 In the 2003 Annual Progress Report for The Canada-Wide Acid Rain the environmental threshold of critical loads for acid position across Canada" through a number of actions

Hughes, Larry

339

Economic evaluation of closure CAP barrier materials Volume I and Volume II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study prepared by the Site Geotechnical Services (SGS) and Environmental Restoration (ER) departments of the WSRC evaluates a generic closure cover system for a hazardous waste site, using 10 different surface areas, ranging from 0.1 acre to 80 acres, and 12 barrier materials. This study presents a revision to the previous study (Rev. 0) published in June 1993, under the same title. The objective of this study was to revise the previous study by incorporating four additional site sizes into the evaluation process and identifying the most cost-effective barrier material for a given closure cover system at the SRS.

Serrato, M.G.; Bhutani, J.S.; Mead, S.M.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Allocating emissions permits in cap-and-trade programs: Theory and evidence Preliminary.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emissions trading program are used to analyze these relationships empirically. I ...nd robust evidence an important a factor in the widespread adoption of emissions trading programs. More recently, a third design

Fowlie, Meredith

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Carbon tax is superior to cap-and-trade Jonas Nycander  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. #12;Figure 1. Market price in EUR/ton CO2 of emissions allowances in the European Emissions Trading that produce electricity mainly from coal. In 2005 the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) began. The emissions

Nycander, Jonas

342

E-Print Network 3.0 - absolute reduced cap Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Technologies and Information Sciences 69 Purdue Climate Change Research Center Emissions Trading Workshop Summary: manner. Workshop rather than conference. 12;What is Emissions...

343

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

firm 10 withholds hydroelectric power and completelyby increasing hydroelectric power. Nonetheless, firm 10slightly more of its hydroelectric power to fulfill firm 3s

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Synergistic Effect of Fullerene-Capped Gold Nanoparticles on Graphene Electrochemical Supercapacitors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based Materials as Supercapacitor Electrodes, Journal ofwhich was used to con- struct supercapacitor electrodes. Thegraphene sheets for supercapacitor electrodes. 2. Experiment

Yong, Virginia; Hahn, H. Thomas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Page 1 of 2 Visit us online: www.mcgill.ca/caps 2014-02-20  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, communities, human use, and land. Each profile includes job duties, salary and related careers. Green Energy Career Guide (Green Energy Jobs) http://www.greenenergyjobs.com/career-guide/ Career guides. Sectors-international/ Global ­ Renewable Energy Jobs http://www.renewableenergyjobs.com/jobs Volunteer / Apprenticeship

Barthelat, Francois

346

Analyzing the Regional Impact of a Fossil Energy Cap in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decoupling fossil energy demand from economic growth is crucial to Chinas sustainable development. In addition to energy and carbon intensity targets enacted under the Twelfth Five-Year Plan (20112015), a coal or fossil ...

Zhang, D.

347

Monomer-Capped Tin Metal Nanoparticles for Anode Materials in Lithium Secondary Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,3 In this regard, Fe, Pd, Co, Pt, or their alloys have been intensively investigated.4-7 On the other hand, Sn and dealloying, which causes cracking and crumbling of the electrode material and the consequent loss pulverization is much more important in a practical composite electrode.17 Obtaining good capacity retention

Cho, Jaephil

348

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the Spanish electricity sector. The Energy Journal, 27 (markets in the electricity sector The case of wholesaleregulations in the electricity sector: market interactions,

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

allocations to the electricity sector. Climate Policy, 6(1):which covers the electricity sector of the northeasternmodel re?ects only the electricity sector, and therefore the

Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Beyond Additionality in Cap-and-Trade Offset Policy Reuters/Nguyen Huy Kham  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), continues to cite additionality as the most important part of any offset for additionality rules. Ironically, even as programs such as RGGI have stopped rewarding higher emitters through gases (GHGs), including the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), the Western Climate Initiative

351

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) has targeted theeconomy. Gas Initiative (RGGI) on the East Coast, whichelectric power sector. The RGGI is a collaborative effort

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Root Cause Analysis (RCA) & Corrective Action Plan (CAP) | Department of  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles »ExchangeDepartmentResolve to Save Energy This

353

POLICY FLASH 2014-12 Executive Compensation Cap | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment ofOil's Impact on OurSempriusEnergyEnergy 8 RevisedJuly72

354

Primary Productivity at the CAP LTER Chris Martin, Thomas Day, John Briggs, Jean Stutz,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Lead Investigators Remote Sensing, Dr. John Briggs Abiotic impacts on terrestrial primary productivity and increased productivity during winter during to increased heat storage and re-radiation. 4. Trees were more long term monitoring at residential, commercial, industrial, and public sites 2. Using remote sensing

Hall, Sharon J.

355

Telomere Regulation in Arabidopsis thaliana by the CST Capping Complex and DNA Damage Response Proteins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). In the flowering plant, Arabidopsis thaliana telomeres are bound by the CST (CTC1/STN1/TEN1) heterotrimer. Loss of any CST component results in telomere shortening, telomere fusions, increased G-overhang length and telomere recombination. To understand...

Boltz, Kara A.

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

356

acid-capped cdse quantum-dot: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quantum Dot Arrays and Applications of Multiple Exciton Generation to Third-Generation Photovoltaic Solar Cells Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: to Third-Generation...

357

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and by the Power Systems Engineering Researchsystems in electric power markets. Operations Research, 58 (

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Geomechanical Simulation of CO{sub 2} Leakage and Cap Rock Remediation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CO{sub 2} sequestration into porous and permeable brine filled aquifers is seen as one of the most likely near-term solutions for reducing greenhouse gases. Safely storing injected CO{sub 2}, which is less dense than water, requires trapping the CO{sub 2} under an impermeable rock which would act as a seal. One of the concerns with CO{sub 2} sequestration is the generation of new fractures or reactivation of existing fractures and faults caused by CO{sub 2} injection into the sealing formation. Mitigation strategies must be developed to remediate potentially leaking faults or fractures. This project evaluated potential storage scenarios in the state of Missouri and developed coupled reservoir and geomechanic simulations to identify storage potential and leakage risks. Further, several injectable materials used to seal discontinuities were evaluated under subsurface conditions. The four sealant materials investigated were paraffin wax, silica based gel, polymer based gel, and micro-cement, which all significantly reduced the fracture permeability. However, the micro-cement was the most effective sealing agent and the only sealant able to withstand the large differential pressure caused by CO{sub 2} or brine injection and create a strong seal to prevent further fracturing.

Nygaard, Runar; Bai, Baojun; Eckert, Andreas

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

359

Festival Re-Cap: Energy Bikes, Levitated Trains and 3D Virtual Rides |  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit|Department ofofSeptember 12, 2011. Recovery ActSupply FeedstockDepartment

360

FY 2014 Q3 RCA CAP Performance Metrics Report 2014-09-05.xlsx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA5 &of EnergyOrganizationtotal FY 20106EnergyFY 2014

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

FY 2014 Q3 RCA CAP Performance Metrics Report 2014-09-05.xlsx  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit|Department ofof EnergyUnited States Department ofPaula A.FY 2014

362

POLICY FLASH 2014-12 Executive Compensation Cap | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energy from Elizabeth C. P - . . - - 4 v - rPOET ProjectIMPLEMENTATION OF ANA2

363

Microsoft PowerPoint - ESGCold Cap Melting (2) [Read-Only]  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject Quarterly ReportsMicrofluidicThis DOE10 -10T

364

Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBiSiteNeutron Scattering4 ByWatchingState ofDr. Donald6fromStatus

365

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of GHG emissions from coal-fired power plants through thecoal-fired power generation and the total CO 2 emissioncoal- fired power plants. One of the remarkable programs in combating global climate change is the emissions

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

The risk of induced seismicity: Is cap-rock integrity on shaky ground?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

injectionsites,oiland gasreservoirs,andevenlakesFurthermore,oilandgasreservoirsareoften foundin

Oldenburg, C.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Six Sigma in Design Engineering - A Case Study and Implementation of Typical Pile Cap Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..............................................................................11-4 11.4 Project Charter ..................................................................................11-5 11.5 Examples of tools used (CTQ tree, FMEA, CTQ Prioritization) .........11-6 11.6 ?As is? process map...

Hoog, Reggie

2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

368

Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Daniel Kahn. Allocation of co2 emissions al- lowances in theRasmussen. Allocation of co2 emissions permits: A generalthe aggregate annual CO2 emissions for each of the key

Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

E-Print Network 3.0 - aboriginal mental health Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

everyone on this campus to fulfill the aboriginal imperative at the University of Saskatchewan... be done and to take action to make the university's aboriginal imperative a...

370

Illegibility, Uncertainty and the Management of Street Vending in New York City  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

imperatives of the new public management necessitated theexample of the new public management. Fiscal austerity and

Devlin, Ryan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Production of Renewable Liquid Fuels for Diesel Engine Applications A Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. There is an imperative need to improve the existing biodiesel production methods from technological

unknown authors

372

Characterization and light-induced dynamics of alkanethiol-capped gold nanoparticles supracrystals by small-angle ultrafast electron diffraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metal nanoparticles (NPs) are promising candidates for applications from electronics to medicine. Their metallic core provides some key properties, e.g. magnetization, plasmonic response or conductivity, with the ligand molecules providing others like solubility, assembly or interaction with biomolecules. Even more properties can be engineered when these NPs are used as building blocks to form supracrystals. The formation of these supracrystals depends upon a complex interplay between many forces, some stemming from the core, some from the ligand. At present, there is no known approach to characterize the local order of ligand molecules in such complex supracrystals or their dynamics, with a spatial resolution ranging from the NPs cores and their ligands, to the larger scale domains arrangement. Here, we develop a methodology based on small-angle ultrafast electron diffraction to characterize different two-dimensional supracrystals of alkanethiol-coated gold nanoparticles with femtosecond time, sub-nanometer ...

Mancini, Giulia Fulvia; Pennacchio, Francesco; Reguera, Javier; Stellacci, Francesco; Carbone, Fabrizio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Top-emitting Organic Light-Emitting Diode with a Cap Layer Chengfeng Qiu, Huajun Peng, Haiying Chen, Zhilang Xie,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China ABSTRACT For top emitting Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (OLED), the study of top layer is very important aiming to acquire good device performance. In this report, Pt as anode for Cu coated on glass as anode, copper (II) phthalocyanine (CuPc) as organic buffer layer, N,N'- diphenyl

Kwok, Hoi S.

374

ARMA/NARMS 04-520 Bifurcation analysis of a three-invariant, isotropic/kinematic hardening cap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

construction, oil and natural gas production, and depleted reservoirs used for subsurface sequestration

Regueiro, Richard A.

375

Dynamics of microemulsions bridged with hydrophobically end-capped star polymers studied by neutron spin-echo  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mesoscopic dynamical properties of oil-in-water microemulsions (MEs) bridged with telechelic polymers of different number of arms and with different lengths of hydrophobic stickers were studied with neutron spin-echo (NSE) probing the dynamics in the size range of individual ME droplets. These results then were compared to those of dynamicic light scattering (DLS) which allow to investigate the dynamics on a much larger length scale. Studies were performed as a function of the polymer concentration, number of polymer arms, and length of the hydrophobic end-group. In general it is observed that the polymer bridging has a rather small influence on the local dynamics, despite the fact that the polymer addition leads to an increase of viscosity by several orders of magnitude. In contrast to results from rheology and DLS, where the dynamics on much larger length and time scales are observed, NSE shows that the linear polymer is more efficient in arresting the motion of individual ME droplets. This finding can be explained by a simple simulation, merely by the fact that the interconnection of droplets becomes more efficient with a decreasing number of arms. This means that the dynamics observed on the short and on the longer length scale depend in an opposite way on the number of arms and hydrophobic stickers.

Hoffmann, I., E-mail: ingo.hoffmann@tu-berlin.de [Stranski-Laboratorium fr Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Institut fr Chemie, Technische Universitt Berlin, Strae des 17. Juni 124, Sekr. TC 7, D-10623 Berlin (Germany); Institut Max von Laue-Paul Langevin (ILL), F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Malo de Molina, Paula; Gradzielski, M., E-mail: michael.gradzielski@tu-berlin.de [Stranski-Laboratorium fr Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Institut fr Chemie, Technische Universitt Berlin, Strae des 17. Juni 124, Sekr. TC 7, D-10623 Berlin (Germany); Farago, B.; Falus, P. [Institut Max von Laue-Paul Langevin (ILL), F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)] [Institut Max von Laue-Paul Langevin (ILL), F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Herfurth, Christoph; Laschewsky, Andr [Fraunhofer Institut fr Angewandte Polymerforschung IAP, Geiselbergstrae 69, 14476 Potsdam-Golm (Germany)] [Fraunhofer Institut fr Angewandte Polymerforschung IAP, Geiselbergstrae 69, 14476 Potsdam-Golm (Germany)

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

376

Sapovirus Translation Requires an Interaction Between VPg and the Cap Binding Protein eIF4E  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

protein production was performed in an autoinducible ZYP 153" media containing antibiotics, and cultured for 2 d at 37C with shaking. Cell 154" pellets from the bacterial culture were resuspended in a lysis buffer containing 20 155" mM Tris-HCl pH 7... .5 and 500 mM NaCl, and one tablet of EDTA-free protease 156" inhibitor (Roche). Following resuspension, the pellets were digested and 157" sonicated. The lysates were collected and loaded onto a 5 mL HisTRAP HP 158" column (GE Healthcare) and His-tagged VPg...

Hosmillo, Myra; Chaudhry, Yasmin; Kim, Deok-Song; Goodfellow, Ian; Cho, Kyoung-Oh

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

377

Spherical cap bubbles with a toroidal bubbly wake J. R. Landel, C. Cossu, and C. P. Caulfield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of applications ranging from carbon sequestration technology to chemical engineering or astrophysics. Single large­3 to chemical engineering4­6 or carbon sequestration technology. For instance, in problems related to CO2 natural or artificial sequestration in lakes or oceans, a fundamental concern is the possibility

Boyer, Edmond

378

Control of domain wall pinning by localised focused Ga?{sup +} ion irradiation on Au capped NiFe nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding domain wall pinning and propagation in nanowires are important for future spintronics and nanoparticle manipulation technologies. Here, the effects of microscopic local modification of the magnetic properties, induced by focused-ion-beam intermixing, in NiFe/Au bilayer nanowires on the pinning behavior of domain walls was investigated. The effects of irradiation dose and the length of the irradiated features were investigated experimentally. The results are considered in the context of detailed quasi-static micromagnetic simulations, where the ion-induced modification was represented as a local reduction of the saturation magnetization. Simulations show that domain wall pinning behavior depends on the magnitude of the magnetization change, the length of the modified region, and the domain wall structure. Comparative analysis indicates that reduced saturation magnetisation is not solely responsible for the experimentally observed pinning behavior.

Burn, D. M., E-mail: d.burn@imperial.ac.uk; Atkinson, D. [Department of Physics, Durham University, Durham (United Kingdom)

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

379

DuraCap: a Supercapacitor-Based, Power-Bootstrapping, Maximum Power Point Tracking Energy-Harvesting System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

type of solar panel but also for replacement panels of different sizes and types over the system of solar panels. Our approach is to dedi- cate a smaller supercapacitor to cold booting before handing over simple and effective, this static-table scheme is limited to a specific type of panel chosen befo

Chou, Pai H.

380

UW researcher Christian Bell wears an electrode cap that can send signals from his brain to the robot.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of technological change--it is a circle of prosperity. It's a round world, not a flat one. Japan is a leader will visit Fukuoka's Robosquare and meet with some of Japan's leading robotics companies (see cover story would guess when talking about a new technology, the Greater Seattle region is playing a big part in it

Anderson, Richard

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Study of heavy element structure with in-beam. cap alpha. /sup -/,. beta. /sup -/ and. gamma. -ray spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe our in-beam superconducting conversion electron spectrometer and its use in a (t,p) proton-conversion electron coincidence mode. Several examples of completed and on-going investigations are presented. These include: E0 strength from the /sup 238/U fission isomer; electromagnetic properties of the J/sup ..pi../ = 6/sup +/ and 8/sup +/ states of /sup 210/Pb; single particle and cluster states of /sup 213/Fr; the J/sup ..pi../ = 21/2/sup +/ isomer in /sup 197/Au and /sup 199/Au; and the cluster states of /sup 199/Au. Results of the study of odd-odd deformed /sup 244/Am are presented. The latter results performed using neutron-capture gamma-ray and conversion electron techniques are compared to recent developments in the modeling of deformed odd-odd nuclei. 23 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

Meyer, R.A.; Decman, D.J.; Henry, E.A.; Hoff, R.W.; Mann, L.G.; Struble, G.L.; Ussery, L.E.

1984-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

382

MacroCapTM SP is a cation exchanger designed for the purification of large biomolecules such as polyethylene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as polyethylene glycol (PEG)-modified proteins (i.e., PEGylated proteins) that are intended for use

Lebendiker, Mario

383

Development of a multistep parallel-plate chamber as time projection chamber end-cap or vertex detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the course of development of the multistep avalanche chamber the authors have realized several multiple electrode parallel-plate devices exhibiting stable gains well in excess of 10/sup 5/ which are thus capable of detecting minimum ionizing particles. This paper presents the design and discusses the performance of a two-step parallel-plate avalanche chamber. A region of moderate electric field --the drift region where charges are released by ionizing radiation--is followed by two layers of comparable and very high field where charge multiplication occurs. Owing to the choice of the electrodes--either cross-wire meshes or parallel thick-wire grids at small pitch--the electric field is uniform over most of the gaps, and charge multiplication proceeds through a parallel-plate avalanche mode. In order to obtain a fast signal and a reduced avalanche spread in their prototypes, the authors have adopted rather narrow typical gaps of 4 mm for the first amplification region and 1 mm for the second. To avoid edge sparking, they have used either a gap increase at the edges or the insertion of thin mylar foil around the frame's edges. The last electrode in the structure, made with a printed-circuit board, is the only one equipped with electronics and is conveniently operated at ground potential. At regular intervals, four rows of pads are used to determine the coordinates of tracks in selected positions. Argon (90%) and methane (10%) comprise the gas filling.

Peisert, A.; Charpak, G.; Sauli, F.; Viezzoli, G.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Not All Carbon Credits are Created Equal: The Constitutional and the Cost of Regional Cap-and-Trade Market Linkage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Intertemporal Emission Trading, Bank- ing, and Borrowing,based mechanisms, including emissions trading, provide an42. INTERNATIONAL EMISSIONS TRADING ASSOCIATION, IETA REPORT

Howland, Juliet

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

1428 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2000 Integration of Price Cap and Yardstick Competition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the introduction of reforms during the early 1980s in the electrical sector regulation. One of the fundamental reforms was the introduc- tion of market principles in electrical generation, thus reducing the economic fundamental reform in the Chilean case was the in- troduction of what could be called "pseudo" market

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

386

Not All Carbon Credits are Created Equal: The Constitutional and the Cost of Regional Cap-and-Trade Market Linkage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

could package their prod- ucts in non-plastic containers. 43caused by banning plastic containers fell on in-statetheir milk in plastic, nonreturnable containers, and the law

Howland, Juliet

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Phase-separated, epitaxial composite cap layers for electronic device applications and method of making the same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electronic component that includes a substrate and a phase-separated layer supported on the substrate and a method of forming the same are disclosed. The phase-separated layer includes a first phase comprising lanthanum manganate (LMO) and a second phase selected from a metal oxide (MO), metal nitride (MN), a metal (Me), and combinations thereof. The phase-separated material can be an epitaxial layer and an upper surface of the phase-separated layer can include interfaces between the first phase and the second phase. The phase-separated layer can be supported on a buffer layer comprising a composition selected from the group consisting of IBAD MgO, LMO/IBAD-MgO, homoepi-IBAD MgO and LMO/homoepi-MgO. The electronic component can also include an electronically active layer supported on the phase-separated layer. The electronically active layer can be a superconducting material, a ferroelectric material, a multiferroic material, a magnetic material, a photovoltaic material, an electrical storage material, and a semiconductor material.

Aytug, Tolga (Knoxville, TN); Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans (Knoxville, TN); Polat, Ozgur (Knoxville, TN)

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

388

Combining boron isotopes and carbamazepine to trace sewage in salinized groundwater: a case study in Cap Bon, Tunisia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

treatment and so recognized as a pertinent tracer of wastewater contamination. The system equilibrium of Research in Rural Engineering of Water and Forestry), rue Hédi Karray, B.P.10- 2080 Ariana, Tunisia based on a managed aquifer recharge with treated wastewater. Water quality monitoring was implemented

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

389

Time variations of Mars' gravitational field and seasonal changes in the masses of the polar ice caps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tracking of the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft has been used to measure changes in the long-wavelength gravity field of Mars and to estimate the seasonal mass of carbon dioxide that is deposited in the polar regions each ...

Smith, David E.

390

Power Capture (PowCap) Board for Non Intrusive Load Monitoring and Power Line Communication Exploration and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

including a) LED lamp, b) incandescent lamp, c) Macbook Pro,W) a LED Lamp 15W b Incandescent Lamp 25W c Macbook 200W dLED lamp (LED) from the incandescent lamp (Lamp) and the Fan

Balakrishnan, Vikram

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

UCSD Technical Report CS2012-0985, July, 2012 Battery Provisioning and Associated Costs for Data Center Power Capping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

expenses, or capex) and monthly recur- ring operating expenses (opex) [19]. Capex costs are pro- portional both capex and opex costs. Power infrastructure is commonly over-provisioned in data centers

Wang, Deli

392

Power Capture (PowCap) Board for Non Intrusive Load Monitoring and Power Line Communication Exploration and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in and notifies the smart meter, via wireless connection orcosts. Back to our smart meters, it is easy to see howdevelopment. Modern smart meters already incorporate FPGAs

Balakrishnan, Vikram

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Application of evolved gas analysis to cold-cap reactions of melter feeds for nuclear waste vitrification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the vitrification of nuclear wastes, the melter feed (a mixture of nuclear waste and glass-forming and modifying additives) experiences multiple gas-evolving reactions in an electrical glass-melting furnace. We employed the thermogravimetry-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (TGA-GC-MS) combination to perform evolved gas analysis (EGA). Apart from identifying the gases evolved, we performed quantitative analysis relating the weighed sum of intensities of individual gases linearly proportional with the differential themogravimetry. The proportionality coefficients were obtained by three methods based on the stoichiometry, least squares, and calibration. The linearity was shown to be a good first-order approximation, in spite of the complicated overlapping reactions.

Kruger, Albert A.; Chun, Jaehun; Hrma, Pavel R.; Rodriguez, Carmen P.; Schweiger, Michael J.

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

394

Analysis of the Black-Capped Vireo habitat at Kickapoo Caverns State Park, Texas using a Geographic Information System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

not reveal a strong association between BCV location and slope exposure (aspect). For six-sub-landscapes, with different percentages of BCV suitable habitat, a modified fractal dimension was computed inside the GIS. This fractal dimension calculation...

Castiaux, Nathalie

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

U.S. Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade Proposals: Application of a Forward-Looking Computable General Equilibrium Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a forward-looking version of the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, and apply it to examine the economic implications of proposals in the U.S. Congress to limit greenhouse gas (GHG) ...

Gurgel, Angelo C.

396

Effects of Habitat, Nest-site Selection, and Adult Behavior on Black-capped Vireo Nest and Fledgling Survival  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many factors affect the productivity of songbirds. Which vegetation types the birds inhabit, nest-site characteristics, and adult behavior at the nest may affect predation and parasitism frequencies, fecundity, and nest survival and fledgling...

Pope, Theresa

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

397

In-situ studies on the performance of landfill caps (compacted soil liners, geomembranes, geosynthetic clay liners, capillary barriers)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1986 different types of landfill covers have been studied in-situ on the Georgswerder landfill in Hamburg, Germany. Water balance data are available for eight years. The performance of different carriers has been measured by collecting the leakage on areas ranging from 100 m{sup 2} to 500 m{sup 2}. Composite liners with geomembranes performed best, showing no leakage. An extended capillary barrier also performed well. The performance of compacted soil liners, however, decreased severely within five years due to desiccation, shrinkage and plant root penetration (liner leakage now ranging from 150 mm/a to 200 mm/a). About 50 % of the water that reaches the surface of the liner is leaking through it. The maximum leakage rates have increased from 2 x 10{sup -10} m{sup 3} m{sup -2} s{sup -1} to 4 x 10{sup -8} m{sup 3} m{sup -2} s{sup -1}. Two types of geosynthetic clay liners (GCL) have been tested for two years now with disappointing results. The GCL desiccated during the first dry summer of the study. High percolation rates through the GCL were measured during the following winter (45 mm resp. 63 mm in four months). Wetting of the GCL did not significantly reduce the percolation rates.

Melchior, S. [IGB - Ingenieurbuero fuer Grundbau, Hamburg (Germany)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

398

TEM Characterization of InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots Capped by a GaSb/GaAs Layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is well known that there is intense interest in expanding the usable wavelength for electronic devices. This is one of the reasons to study new self-assembled semiconductor nanostructures. Telecommunication applications use InGaAsP/InP emitting at 1.3 and 1.55 m. Research efforts are dedicated to develop GaAs technology in order to achieve emission at the same range as InP, so GaAs could be used for optical fibre communications. Ga(As)Sb on InAs/GaAs quantum dots (QDs) is a promising nanostructure to be used in telecommunications. The introduction of antimony during or after the QDs growth is an effective solution to obtain a red shift in the emission wavelength, even at room temperature.

Beltran, AM [Universidad de Cadiz, Spain; Ben, Teresa [Universidad de Cadiz, Spain; Sanchez, AM [Universidad de Cadiz, Spain; Sales Lerida, David [ORNL; Chisholm, Matthew F [ORNL; Varela del Arco, Maria [ORNL; Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Galindo, Pedro [Universidad de Cadiz, Spain; Ripalda, JM [Instituto de Microelectronica de Madrid (CNM, CSIC); Molina Rubio, Sergio I [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

A magazine for alumni and friends of the School of Natural Resources & Environment BuildingCApACity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.5 million Department of Energy grant to continue his work on global carbon cycles, climate warming Foundation under its CAREERS program to study forest dynamics under global change. The highly competitive program recognizes early-career scientists for their abilities to advance the causes of science (see page

Awtar, Shorya

400

Not All Carbon Credits are Created Equal: The Constitutional and the Cost of Regional Cap-and-Trade Market Linkage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GAS INITIATIVE, OVERVIEW OF RGGI CO 2 BUDGET TRADING PROGRAMZealand, Switzerland, and RGGI. 37 It is uncertain whetherGas Initiative, About RGGI, http://www.rggi.org/about (last

Howland, Juliet

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Sapienza Universit di Roma Elenco Tutor di Medicina Generale -Rieti I sessione 2011 n. elenco cognome nome indirizzo cap citt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sapienza Università di Roma Elenco Tutor di Medicina Generale - Rieti I sessione 2011 n. elenco di Roma Elenco Tutor di Medicina Generale - Rieti I sessione 2011 #12;

Di Pillo, Gianni

402

Development and transfer of conservation agriculture production systems (CAPS) for small-holder farms in eastern Uganda and western Kenya  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-holder farms in eastern Uganda and western Kenya A proposal submitted to the SANREM CRSP Phase IV Long University, P.O. Box 1125 - 30100 Eldoret, Kenya Email: rokalebo@yahoo.com Tel: +254-(0)53-2063160 Fax: +254-00200 Nairobi, Kenya Email: emukhwan@uwyo.edu Tel: 307-460-1520 Fax: 307-766-6403 Emmanuel Omondi, Director

Norton, Jay B.

403

Summary Notes from 22 July 2008 Generic Technical Issue Discussion on Long-Term Engineered Cap Performance  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned Small Business WebinarSuitland Federal Center, Suitland,Summary Max56

404

Title of Presentation Goes Here 32 Point Arial- Initial Caps There is Room for Three Lines of Text  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layered NbS2 andThe1A:decisional. 1 B O N NUnlocking

405

Implementing greenhouse gas emissions caps: A case study of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our almost forty-year experience with landmark federal environmental statutes, demonstrates unequivocally that implementing grand and noble environmental goals is an arduous and difficult experience. California is now embarking on a similar project: implementing the country's most ambitious greenhouse gas emissions limitations, including rolling back the state's emissions to 1990 levels by 2020. The state's leadership on climate change legislation deserves significant praise. But the hard work in actually achieving emissions limits is just beginning. In this Essay, Professor Ann Carlson provides a case study of the country's largest municipally owned utility - the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (DWP) - and the challenges it will face in holding its emissions to 1990 levels by 2020. The case study is particularly useful to anticipate challenges utilities across the country will face if the federal government also mandates greenhouse gas emissions reductions. The DWP's energy mix, with its heavy reliance on coal, looks quite similar to the energy mix of the country as a whole (and quite different from the rest of California's electricity market). The challenges are daunting. They include shifting rapidly to renewable energy sources in the face of labor pressures to have DWP own its own sources; building miles of transmission lines to bring the renewable energy to DWP's customer base; repowering natural gas facilities while attempting to comply with stringent Clean Water Act requirements; and eliminating the utility's reliance on coal over the next two decades. These efforts will raise complex environmental and other value clashes, pitting those concerned about jobs, water pollution, species protection, and aesthetic harms against a utility admirably committed to cutting its greenhouse gas emissions significantly. Whether and how we resolve these clashes remains an open and contested question.

Carlson, A.E. [University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA (United States). School for Law

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

Global impact of ionospheric outflows on the dynamics of the magnetosphere and cross-polar cap potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

potential R. M. Winglee, D. Chua, M. Brittnacher, and G. K. Parks Geophysics Program, University potential due to the mass loading it produces on the magnetosphere; i.e., the heavy ions provide a major sink for momentum that is transferred from the solar wind to the magnetosphere. The derived values

California at Berkeley, University of

407

Application of evolved gas analysis to cold-cap reactions of melter feeds for nuclear waste vitrification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the vitrification of nuclear wastes, the melter feed (a mixture of nuclear waste and glass forming and modifying additives) experiences multiple gas-evolving reactions in an electrical glass-melting furnace. Foams from the residual gases can significantly alter the melting rate through mass and heat transfers. We employed the thermogravimetry-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (TGA-GC-MS) combination to perform quantitative evolved gas analysis (EGA) and developed a simple calibration model which correlates the overall mass loss rate with the evolution rates for individual gases. The model parameters are obtained from the least squares analysis, assuming that the gas-evolving reactions are independent. Thus, the EGA adds the chemical identity to the reactions indicated by the phenomenological kinetic model.

Rodriguez, Carmen P.; Chun, Jaehun; Schweiger, Michael J.; Kruger, Albert A.; Hrma, Pavel R.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Engineer  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Page 173 CAP Approval Verification of CAP * CAP approval criteria: - Thoroughness of root cause analysis - Adequacy of corrective action to prevent recurrence - Review for...

409

Arctic Ecologies: The Politics and Poetics of Northern Literary Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are writing about the melting of polar ice caps caused byice cap collapsing, glaciers shrinking, and permafrost melting

Athens, Allison Katherine

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Agricultural Soil Carbon Sequestration Offset Programs: Strengths, Difficulties, and Suggestions for Their Potential Use in AB 32's Cap and Trade Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pdf; Section 3: Emissions Trading/Offset Credits A Market1, 2013. 19 Under the Emissions Trading Program , L EGAL Pand-ab-32s- emissions-trading-program/. Additionally,

Bernadett, Lauren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

THE BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY PERFLUOROCARBON TRACER TECHNOLOGY: A PROVEN AND COST EFFECTIVE METHOD TO VERIFY INTEGRITY AND MONITOR LONG TERM PERFORMANCE OF WALLS, FLOORS, CAPS, AND COVER SYSTEMS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Currently, containment system failures are detected by monitoring wells downstream of the waste site. Clearly this approach is inefficient, as the contaminants will have migrated from the disposal area before they are detected. Methods that indicate early cover failure (prior to contaminant release) or predict impending cover failure are needed. The Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Perfluorocarbon Tracer (PFT) technology can measure performance changes and integrity losses as the cover ages. This allows early detection of cover failure or pending failure so that repair or replacement can be made before contaminants leave the disposal cell. The PFT technology has been successfully applied to four subsurface barrier problems, one leak detection problem from underground ducts, and one surface cover problem. Testing has demonstrated that the PFTs are capable of accurately detecting and locating leaks down to fractions of an inch. The PFT technology has several advantages over competing approaches. The ability to simultaneously use multiple PFTs separates it from other gas tracer technologies. Using multiple tracers provides independent confirmation of flaw location, helps to clearly define transport pathways, and can be used for confirmatory testing (e.g., repeat the test using a new tracer). The PFT tests provide a direct measure of flaws in a barrier, whereas other measurements (pressure, moisture content, temperature, subsidence) provide indirect measures that need interpretation. The focus of the six PFT demonstrations has been on engineering aspects of the technology with the intent of finding if a flaw existed in the barrier. Work remains to be done on the scientific basis for this technology. This includes determining PFT diffusion rates through various materials (soils and barrier) as a function of moisture content, determining the effects of barometric pumping on PFT flow for cover systems, and determining wind effects on side slopes of cover systems and their impact on PFT performance. It also includes application of models to assist in the design of the monitoring system and the interpretation of the data. The set of demonstrations was performed on small sites (< 1/4 acre). Future work also needs to consider scaling issues to develop and design optimal techniques for delivery and monitoring of the PFTs.

HEISER, J.; SULLIVAN, T.

2002-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

412

Clean Energy, Dirty Air: A Policy Coordination Problem between Renewable-Based Electricity Programs and Cap-and-Trade Pollution Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clean Energy, Dirty Air: A Policy Coordination Problem between Renewable-Based Electricity Programs) or an energy journal (Energy Policy). #12; of programs--utility-based green electricity programs and state-based renewable portfolio standards

Edwards, Paul N.

413

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 527 (2004) 166170 RatCAP: a small, head-mounted PET tomograph for imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electronics, as well as studies with live animals to evaluate their behavior when using the device. of an awake rat. This device will permit neurophysiological studies to be carried out on small animals without of the animal. In order to minimize the weight of the ring, and to keep all of the front end readout electronics

414

Spectroscopic Study of the Thermal Degradation of PVP-capped Rh and Pt Nanoparticles in H2 and O2 Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on a quartz window, and iii) reflectance of a film depositedcasted films deposited on a quartz window in transmission or

Borodko, Yuri

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Implementing a Time-and Location-Differentiated Cap-and-Trade Program: Flexible Nitrogen Oxide Abatement from Power Plants in the Eastern United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abatement from Power Plants in the Eastern United States by Katherine C. Martin B.A., Physics Reed College Oxide Abatement from Power Plants in the Eastern United States by Katherine C. Martin Submitted

de Weck, Olivier L.

416

Sack Goldman Sachs Cap-and-Trade The revolving door between Washington and Wall Street has produced a new scheme to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as tree planting on degraded land, avoided deforestation in Brazil, or investments in developing countries deforestation, for example, does not reduce demand for lumber or food growing area, so deforestation moves

Hansen, James E.

417

Copper-catalyzed arylation of 1,2-amino alcohols. Synthesis of N-terminal, peptide helix initiators, and characterization of highly helical, capped polyalanine peptides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I. An improved Ullmann reaction for N- or O-arylation of 1,2-aminoalcohols with aryl iodides is described. The procedures enjoy several advantages over traditional methods: a substoichiometric amount of copper catalyst is ...

Job, Gabriel Ethan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

RAGIONE_SOCIALE INDIRIZZO CITTA PROVINCIA CAP TELEFONO FAX ORARI REFERENTE RIZZO GIOVANNI VIA SAN POLO, 74 BRESCIA BS 25124 0303760446 0303379951  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MILANO MI 20151 0233496186 0238015380 09,30-12,30/ 15- 17,30 LUN/VEN LUSSONE STUDIO VILLA SNC DI STEFANO appuntamento DIQUATTRO STEFANO BASANISI MARCO VIA M. MACCHI 89 MILANO MI 20124 02/2822079 02/2827751 09-13/ 14 MONTE PENICE 6 ROZZANO MI 20089 0257500583 0257500583 09-13/ 14,30- 18,30 LUN/VEN FERRETTI DE LUCA

419

Sapienza Universit di Roma Elenco tutor di Medicina Generale -Provincia di Roma I sessione 2011 n. elenco cognome nome indirizzo cap citt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Olimpia 23 00015 Monte Rotondo 34 Dott. Dott. Cimino Eugenio Donato Via Solferino 16 00015 Monterotondo 35. Dott.ssa Corona Maria Enrichetta Via di Santo Stefano 11 00061 Anguillara Sabazia 39 Dott. Dott

Di Pillo, Gianni

420

Legislative Proposals to Control Carbon Emissions through Cap and Towards the end of 2007 the Climate Change Bill was introduced into the House of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· efficiency of energy use · carbon pricing through economic mechanisms (taxation or emissions trading on climate change are too dire to risk (N. Stern, Economic Impacts of Climate Change, Report to the Prime and trade, and offers some further thoughts on the potential wider implications of such a development

Martin, Ralph R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

CO2 isotopes as tracers of firn air diffusion and age in an Arctic ice cap with summer melting, Devon Island, Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the effects of summer melting. The 14 CO2 profile from the permeable firn includes the 1963 thermonuclear peak, and accumulation rates were calibrated with the depth of the 1963 thermonuclear 3 H peak. The average ages for CO2 and the ice matrix. Calibrated with the 1963 peak for thermonuclear 14 CO2, a 21.2-year reaction halftime

Chappellaz, Jérôme

422

Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy and Economic Impact in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The United States has adopted fuel economy standards that require increases in the on-road efficiency of new passenger vehicles, with the goal of reducing petroleum use, as well as (more recently) greenhouse gas (GHG) ...

Karplus, V.J.

423

Structures required for poly(A) tail-independent translation overlap with, but are distinct from, cap-independent translation and RNA replication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ruizhong Shen a,1 , W. Allen Miller a,b, a Interdepartmental Genetics Program and Department of Plant

Miller, W. Allen

424

Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Report 160  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.25 Natural Gas 1.00 1.11 1.27 1.48 1.66 1.95 2.31 2.73 3.12 3.55 Coal 1.00 1.04 1.07 1.09 1.13 1.16 1.20 1 indicators) Bio Liquids Production in US (EJ) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net Bio Liquids Imports (EJ) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net Bio Liquids Imports (billion 2005$) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0

425

Published in 39th International Symposium on Computer Architecture, June, 2012 Managing Distributed UPS Energy for Effective Power Capping in Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the lifetime of the data center (capital expenses, or capex) and monthly recur- ring operating expenses (opex) [22]. Capex costs are pro- portional to the provisioned IT power per facility, estimated at $10-20 per of distributed batteries in the data center to reduce both capex and opex costs. Power infrastructure is commonly

Wang, Deli

426

The Effects of Oxygen Plasma on the Chemical Composition and Morphology of the Ru Capping Layer of the Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) Mask Blanks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P-5B-03 The effects of oxygen plasma on the chemicalRu) mask surface after oxygen plasma treatment using surfacein the subsurface oxygen concentration, Ru oxidation and

Belau, Leonid

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Report 146  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coverage: 167 bmt 76 International emissions trading: 287 bmt 77 International emissions trading: 203 bmt 78 International emissions trading: 167 bmt 79 Developed countries only pursue mitigation: 287 bmt 80

428

A Conceptual Model of H2O/CO2 Frost Sublimation and Condensation Caused Albedo Change in Crater Interiors, Martian Seasonal Polar Cap Regions H. Xie1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Conceptual Model of H2O/CO2 Frost Sublimation and Condensation Caused Albedo Change in Crater.Xie@utsa.edu; 2 School of Chemistry, Physics and Earth Sciences, Flinders University, Australia; 3 Research Center are a major element of the current Mars' climate and circulation. Understanding the sublimation

Texas at San Antonio, University of

429

15th DoD HPC User Group Conference, June 2005, Nashville, TN. 1 CAP Phase II Simulations for the Air Force HEL-JTO Project: Atmospheric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's 2000-Processor Intel Xeon EM64T Cluster J. Werne(1) , T. Lund(1) , B.A. Pettersson-Reif(2) , P. Sullivan(3) , and D.C. Fritts(1) (1) Colorado Research Associates, NorthWest Research Associates, Inc., Boulder, CO, USA (2) Norwegian Defence Research Establishment, Kjeller, Norway (3) Meso and Microscale

Werne,Joseph

430

Constitutional Implications of Regional CO2 Cap-and-Trade Programs: The Northeast Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative as a Case in Point  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the purchase of out-of- RGGI electricity generating CO 2CONSTITUTIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF RGGI "(i) to study state andGas Initiative, About RGGI, http://www.rggi. org/about (last

Funk, William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Agricultural Soil Carbon Sequestration Offset Programs: Strengths, Difficulties, and Suggestions for Their Potential Use in AB 32's Cap and Trade Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be located within one of the RGGI states. ). JOURNAL OFGreenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), incorporate at least onecap and trade program. 46 RGGI, on the other hand, only

Bernadett, Lauren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Agricultural Soil Carbon Sequestration Offset Programs: Strengths, Difficulties, and Suggestions for Their Potential Use in AB 32's Cap and Trade Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

harms involved in agricultural soil carbon sequestration.land-management/soil-carbon- sequestration/en/ (last visitedet al. , Soil Carbon Sequestration Fundamentals , O HIO S

Bernadett, Lauren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Method of making dense, conformal, ultra-thin cap layers for nanoporous low-k ILD by plasma assisted atomic layer deposition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Barrier layers and methods for forming barrier layers on a porous layer are provided. The methods can include chemically adsorbing a plurality of first molecules on a surface of the porous layer in a chamber and forming a first layer of the first molecules on the surface of the porous layer. A plasma can then be used to react a plurality of second molecules with the first layer of first molecules to form a first layer of a barrier layer. The barrier layers can seal the pores of the porous material, function as a diffusion barrier, be conformal, and/or have a negligible impact on the overall ILD k value of the porous material.

Jiang, Ying-Bing (Albuquerque, NM); Cecchi, Joseph L. (Albuquerque, NM); Brinker, C. Jeffrey (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

434

Agricultural Soil Carbon Sequestration Offset Programs: Strengths, Difficulties, and Suggestions for Their Potential Use in AB 32's Cap and Trade Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

offset credits for installing a biogas control system thatemissions by installing biogas control systems (BCS), whichin exchange for installing biogas control systems (BCS), a

Bernadett, Lauren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Clouds, Aerosols and Precipitation in the Marine Boundary Layer (CAP-MBL) AMF Deployment Graciosa Island, Azores, NE Atlantic Ocean May 2009-December 2010  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationClean Communities of WesternVailCloisteredPresence3 Cloudiness Inter-

436

NASA'S CCiCAp pArtNerS Off tO A fASt StArt NASA's Return On Investment Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The production design review will establish the baseline plan, equipment, and infrastructure for the CST-100 on the flight control computer. The flight control actuators and actuator controls are in final qualification

Waliser, Duane E.

437

The social implications of ritual behavior in the Maya Lowlands : a perspective from Minanha, Belize  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plaza floor (AP-1 st ). The plaster cap was completelybuilding. The poorly preserved plaster cap was approximatelyThe level consisted of a plaster cap and ballast layer for

Schwake, Sonja Andrea

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, Emissions Allowances, and Green Power Programs in State Renewables Portfolio Standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to renewable energy is carbon cap-and-trade. This marketrenewable energy will receive allowances under cap-and-tradethe cap-and-trade program rules and whether renewable energy

Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the absence of a cap and trade program, energy consumptioncaps and a cap and trade system, the energy efficiencyIncluding energy efficiency in an emissions cap and trade

Schiller, Steven R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Uncertain Growth Cycles, Corporate Investment, and Dynamic Hedging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capital Expenditures CapEx + Acquisitions Cash Flow TobinsCapital Expenditures CapEx + Acquisitions Cash Flow TobinsCapital Expenditures CapEx + Acquisitions Cash Flow Tobins

Yonce, Adam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Financial Analysis of Incentive Mechanisms to Promote Energy Efficiency: Case Study of a Prototypical Southwest Utility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure E- 3. Reduction in earnings and CapEx for Low Growthand Abbreviations APS BAU CapEx CCGT CCS CPUC CT DSM DSR ECWCustomers Fuel Costs O&M Costs CapEx Costs Rate Base Energy

Cappers, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY OF NET ACCUMULATION FROM SHALLOW CORES FROM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY OF NET ACCUMULATION FROM SHALLOW CORES FROM VESTFONNA ICE CAP variability of net accumulation from shallow cores from Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. We analyse ice cores from Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard). Oxygen isoto- pic

Moore, John

443

A big wet kiss?, A barrel of laughs? : the 2000 presidential election TV talk show interviews with the candidates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to him about the polar ice cap melting, and turning to slushabout the, uh, polar ice cap melting, and turning to slushLETTERMAN: Polar ice cap is melting. Thats all I know.

Osborn, Barbara

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas sct endcap Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

modules and end-cap wheels... track recorded 2006: Installation of Barrel ID in ATLAS cavern 2007: Installation of ID end-caps... Sergei Smirnov National Research Nuclear...

445

Approaches for Radio Resource Management in Mobile Wireless Networks: Current Status and Future Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, it determines: required amount of spectrum (CapEx), required number of BSs (CapEx, OpEx), required number

New South Wales, University of

446

Potential of CDMA450 for Rural Network Connectivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capital expen- diture (CapEx), ideal for rural areas whereadditional savings in CapEx. E STABLISHED T ECHNOLOGY CDMA

Nedevschi, Sergiu; Surana, Sonesh; Du, Bowei; Patra, Rabin; Brewer, Eric; Stan, Victor

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Cold Culture: Polar Media and the Nazi Occult  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consequences of melting polar ice caps in the course of theconsequences of melting polar ice caps in the course of the

Krapp, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

E-Print Network 3.0 - aos dias atuais Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

possuem... Cap'itulo 9 Um Sistema de Animacao Baseado em Movimento Capturado Neste cap'itulo, apresentaremos... o prot'otipo do sistema de animacao desenvolvido no...

449

Micromagnetic modeling and analysis for memory and processing applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fields and SFDs that affects homogeneous BPM can be resolvedby the capped BPM structure. The solid and dashed linesequilibrium states for capped BPM. Equilibrium config-

Lubarda, Marko V.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Development of an Artificial ExpertSystem for Estimating the Rate ofGrowth of Gas Cone.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Oil bearing zones are often accompanied by a gas cap which may enhance oil recovery by gas cap drive mechanism. As the well starts producing, (more)

Sharma, Shashank

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Orbitrap Mass Spectrometer | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

acceptable approaches than presently employed is an imperative goal... Clinical Microfluidics for Neutrophil Genomics and Proteomics. Neutrophils play critical roles in...

452

TEC  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

is imperative to the success of this project and will be actively managed SNF Transfer Heavy Water Potential Shipment 7302007 20 Heavy Water Potential Shipment Heavy Water is...

453

Advanced Materials and Devices for Stationary Electrical Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

with the increasing demands for electricity arising from continued growth in U.S. productivity, shifts in and continued expansion of national cultural imperatives (e.g., the...

454

Oscillation of Capacitance inside Nanopores  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

increasingly imperative as more electricity is generated from renewable sources such as solar and wind at remote areas. Supercapacitors (also known as electric double layer...

455

Drop-in replacement biofuels : meeting the challenge .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents a discussion on the challenges that must be met to fulfill the U.S. Navy's strategic imperatives for its energy vision. It provides (more)

Bhargava, Alok (Alok Kishore)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Graphene Growth on Low Carbon Solubility Metals.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Advances in synthesis are imperative if graphene is to fulfill its scientific and technological potential. Single crystal graphene of is currently available only in the (more)

Wofford, Joseph Monroe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Modelling the impact of user behaviour on heat energy consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

come from space heating within homes (Boardman, 2007). If weassociated with heating the home must be an imperative. Theheating and hot water energy consumption of the homes (Zack

Combe, Nicola Miss; Harrison, David Professor; Way, Celia Miss

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Imperative for Accelerating the Advancement of Science OSTIblog Comment policy We welcome your comments and your submission of web links to the OSTIblog and look forward to civil...

459

Bioenergy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bioenergy Bioenergy Research into alternative forms of energy, especially energy security, is one of the major national security imperatives of this century. Get Expertise Babetta...

460

Solid-State 55Mn NMR Spectroscopy of bis(?-oxo)dimanganese...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a Model for the Oxygen Evolving Complex in Abstract: Given the obvious global energy needs, it has become imperative to develop a catalytic process for converting water to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Parallel Processing Letters World Scientific Publishing Company  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel Processing Letters © World Scientific Publishing Company THE OPERATIONS DASHBOARD essential operational services, it is imperative that grid administrators can troubleshoot the problems

Miller, Russ

462

Aligning your Enterprise Network to your Business Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Risk Reduction ­ Deployments, Upgrades, Operations, Security Cost Performance ­ Reduce your CapEx

Fisher, Kathleen

463

School of Computing Science Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capital expenditures (CapEx). The advent of virtualization enabled consolidation of several applications

Fedorova, Alexandra

464

Glacial and Periglacial Processes and Landforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated with mountain locations are ice caps and ice fields. An ice cap is roughly circular and covers is less than that of an ice cap). #12;Vatnajkull Ice Cap #12;Patagonian Ice Field #12;Learning Objective the winter snow and ice accumulation survived the summer melting season. #12;Glacial Movement and Crevasses

Pan, Feifei

465

Self-Organized Criticality as a Method of Procedural Modeling Computer Graphics Lab, David R. Cheriton School of Computer Science, University of Waterloo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

simulate the melting of the polar ice cap in a plausible way. I have used the following parameters in 1982. Simulation of ice cap melting. Polar ice cap in 2008. [1] H. Ahlenius. Arctic Sea Ice Minimum on the sampling density of the graph). POLAR ICE CAP The extended SOC-based procedural modeling method can

Waterloo, University of

466

The Climate Leadership Challenge Final Update 1/3/09  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

levels, and wide spread melting of glaciers and polar ice caps. Continued warming, and the potential

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

467

REMEDIATION OF HIGH WATER CONTENT GEOMATERIALS: A REVIEW OF GEOTEXTILE FILTER PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

costly remediation alternatives is capping of surface impoundments such as lagoons, ponds or old quarries

Aydilek, Ahmet

468

I strongly urge that the forecasts recognize the high oil prices and gas prices experienced in 2008 and not treat them as an unusual occurrence in the next 20 years. In the long term with cap and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I strongly urge that the forecasts recognize the high oil prices and gas prices experienced in 2008 and the development of carbon capture and storage applied to new coal fired generating stations, gas prices will only go up. Gas from the Rockies will move east as quickly as transport is available. To the extent

469

SGB Feb 07, 2007 Meeting Minutes -Announcements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

committee. SGB plans to hold an environmental seminar on Cal sustainability efforts during Earth Week. - The American Institute of Architecture and others are sponsoring a campaign, called the 2010 Imperative. More info can be found at www.2010imperative.org and www.architecture2030.org. There will be a live

Kammen, Daniel M.

470

Paper published in (1998) Applied Linguistics 19, 97-121 CONSIDER THIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of linguistic features that frequently occur in academic articles, such as nominalization (Dubois, 1982; West features of research articles, but none, to our knowledge, has examined the "fringe phenomenon" of imperatives. This study investigates the use of imperatives in research articles from ten disciplines. Five

Boyer, Edmond

471

INEEL/EXT-04-02506 2 Decision-Makers' Forum on a Unified Strategy for Nuclear Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INEEL/EXT-04-02506 #12;2 Decision-Makers' Forum on a Unified Strategy for Nuclear Energy The Need deliver new nuclear energy systems and reestablish U.S. leadership in nuclear energy development, or imperatives. Each imperative contributes to answer the following question: To advance nuclear energy

472

Statement on the Collection and Use of Social Security Numbers In accordance with the requirements of Florida law (Section 119.071, Florida Statutes), the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reporting; Establish UNF ID No. Sec. 119.071(5)(a)(2)(a)(II), Fla. Stat. Business Imperative Health, AUTHORIZED OR BUSINESS IMPERATIVEAdmissions Student record management Sec. 119.071(5)(a)(2)(a)(II), Fla. Stat.071(5)(a)(2)(a)(II), Fla. Stat. Business Imperative Controller's Office Garnishments; Collections; Tax

Asaithambi, Asai

473

MODIFICACI RLT PAS Acord nm.187/2011 del Consell de Govern pel qual s'aprova la modificaci de  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

000642 210 ETS Arquitectura de Barcelona ADM Cap 1b nivell 1 Cap dels Serveis de Gestió i Suport F JP 35h/s C Barcelona 183 UTG ?mbit Arquitectura Barcelona Cap de la UTG ?mbit Arquitectura Barcelona - - 2 012986 210 ETS Arquitectura de Barcelona ADM Cap 2 nivell 2 F Cap de l'Oficina de Documentació i Arxiu F

Casanellas, Marta

474

Melanocytotoxicity and antimelanoma effects of phenolic amine compounds in mice in vivo  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A phenolic amine compound, 4-S-cysteaminylphenol (4-S-CAP), is a potent depigmenting agent. To develop more efficacious antimelanoma agents, we synthesized four homologues of 4-S-CAP: N-acetyl-4-S-CAP (N-Ac-4-S-CAP), alpha-methyl-4-S-CAP, 4-S-homo-CAP, and N,N'-dimethyl-4-S-CAP. We tested these five compounds in mice in vivo. After s.c. or i.p. injection of saline solution (in control groups) or one of the compounds, follicular melanocytes were examined by light and electron microscopy to assess the degree of melanocytotoxicity; N-Ac-4-S-CAP induced the most depigmentation (98%), whether given i.p. or s.c. After injection of 4-S-CAP or N-Ac-4-S-CAP, the number of murine B16F10 melanoma colonies formed in the lungs was determined; 4-S-CAP and N-Ac-4-S-CAP were almost equally effective, reducing the colonies to 32 and 25% of mean control, respectively. Metabolic studies of the urine showed 9% of 4-S-CAP and 20% of N-Ac-4-S-CAP injected i.p. were excreted unchanged in 24 h; 1.3% of the N-Ac-4-S-CAP was excreted as 4-S-CAP, indicating some conversion. We conclude that N-Ac-4-S-CAP is a suitable model for developing chemotherapy to treat melanoma characterized by high tyrosinase activity and melanin synthesis.

Alena, F.; Jimbow, K.; Ito, S. (Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton (Canada))

1990-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Policy Options for Encouraging Energy Efficiency Best Practices in Shandong Province's Cement Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

developing its energy saving cap- and-trade pilot program indeveloping its energy saving cap-and-trade pilot program inNational Economic and Trade Commission (NETC), 1999. Energy

Price, Lynn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol DOI 10.1007/s10295-014-1548-7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-billion dollar capital expenditures (CapEx). These plants must produce upwards of 10,000 barrels of oil processes have the potential to avoid the need for very high CapEx through bypassing syngas forma- tion

Wood, Thomas K.

477

Abstract--Ever-increasing bandwidth demands and higher flexibility are the main challenges for the next generation optical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Capital Expenditure (CapEx) and Operational Expenditure (OpEx). The main contribution of the paper that takes into account both CapEx (optical cross ­ connect (OXC), regenerator and other equipment costs

Varvarigo, Emmanouel "Manos"

478

Optimal Design of Green Multi-layer Core Networks Filip Idzikowski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

explicitly targets the mini- mization of cost considered as either Capital Expenditures (CapEx) or power-layer core networks are in general designed with the objec- tive of CapEx minimization. Moreover, multi

Wichmann, Felix

479

Optical Switching and Networking (2011) 1 Abstract--Greening of the Internet has become one of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-mail: bhuiszoon@ieee.org). significant cost savings in terms of capital and operational expenditure (CapEx and Op change the configuration of their systems [2, 3]. The effect of dynamic and static operation in the CapEx

Aracil, Javier

480

Rethinking Wireless for the Developing World Lakshminarayan Subramanian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: The initial capital expenditure (CapEx) essential for a local entrepreneur to establish a wire- less by local entrepreneurs. Fiber-based solutions require a high CapEx with the risk of a very low return

Subramanian, Lakshminarayanan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Towards energy-efficient workload placement in Data Centers Rania Elnaggar (student & presenter) , Raj Yavatkar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; first, the cost of power, cooling and facilities provisioning in capital expenditure (CapEx); and secondEx). The CapEx cost component is proportional to peak power and set power budget, while the OpEx component

Walpole, Jonathan

482

Purdue Climate Change Research Center Emissions Trading Workshop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Purdue Climate Change Research Center Emissions Trading Workshop Introduction and Overview manner. Workshop rather than conference. #12;What is Emissions Trading? (or "Cap and Trade") · Cap & Enforcement · Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) mechanisms for reductions #12;Five Emissions

483

A New Model to Construct Ice Stream Surface Elevation Profiles and Calculate Contributions to Sea-Level Rise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

melting is responsible for, 60% comes from glaciers and ice caps.and ice caps will continue to be the dominant contributor to sea-level rise from the land ice-melting

Adachi, Yosuke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Challenges on the frontier of intracoronary imaging: atherosclerotic plaque macrophage measurement by optical coherence tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cellularity of the fibrous caps of coronary atheromas, manifested by the infiltration of macrophages (average size, 20 to 30 [micrometer]), is thought to weaken the structural integrity of the cap and predispose plaques ...

Bouma, Brett E.

485

E-Print Network 3.0 - atrativas na captura Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sistemas de Captura de Movimento Summary: Cap'itulo 6 Sistemas de Captura de Movimento Neste cap'itulo, faremos um relato sobre o est... 'agio atual da tecnologia e dos equipa-...

486

E-Print Network 3.0 - animal productivity analise Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 Cap'itulo 12 12.1 Conclusoes Summary: Cap'itulo 12 Conclusao 12.1 Conclusoes Neste trabalho abordamos o problema de an'alise, modifica... fizemos uma an'alise detalhada...

487

E-Print Network 3.0 - ao trabalho uma Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 Cap'itulo 12 12.1 Conclusoes Summary: Cap'itulo 12 Conclusao 12.1 Conclusoes Neste trabalho abordamos o problema de an'alise, modificacao... que tem Captura de...

488

BARABAN ET AL. VOL. XXX ' NO. XX ' 000000 ' XXXX www.acsnano.org  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

magnetic field is applied to induce thermophoretic motion of the objects via heating a magnetic cap vortex state in the cap structure of Janus motors. Realized here magnetically induced thermophoretic

Cuniberti, Gianaurelio

489

ascenso del nivel: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pel qual s'aprova la modificaci de Mathematics Websites Summary: 000642 210 ETS Arquitectura de Barcelona ADM Cap 1b nivell 1 Cap dels Serveis de Gesti i Suport F JP 35h JP...

490

E-Print Network 3.0 - antoine lacassagne institute Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vensac, cap. 42 pierre Fourcade, ng. Fourcade fils... Guillot. antoine Nestier, marchand, Larose. franois Labarriere, Barbeyre. dominique Laferriere Source:...

491

How Useful Is Relevance? Rich Caruana  

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THE CALENDAR APPRENTICE The Calendar Apprentice (CAP) (4)(9)(13) is an ap­ prentice system that learns

Caruana, Rich

492

Allan Sekula, Margarita Cabrera and Vik Muniz: Representations of the Social Conditions and Capital Relations of Labor  

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began to transform: plastic bottles end-on-end line thewhile thousands of plastic bottle caps follow the contour

Owen, Caroline Sara

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

neurons responded sluggishly to stimulation of a dopamine receptor known as D1. The  

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threading the axle through the ring, grinding the mixture up with a tetrazine caps the axle with pyridazine

Cai, Long

494

CONFIDENTIAL FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Six Trends That Define Gravity  

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Visibility and Reporting + IT is required for visibility, but most firms are unwilling to commit CapEx + Many

Minnesota, University of

495

OFC'13-Elastic Optical Networks Presented by Jiawei Zhang  

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: 37% p.a. (certain traffic growth) 3. Cost input: STRONGEST CapEx model [1] 4. Evaluation period: next

California at Davis, University of

496

Using Batteries to Reduce the Power Costs of Internet-scale Distributed  

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Cost of Running an Internet-Scale Network 4 Server Cost (CapEx) Bandwidth From network provider Example

Berger, Emery

497

Distrib Parallel Databases DOI 10.1007/s10619-007-7010-3  

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. Although datacenter capital expenses (CapEx) to procure hardware/software are non-trivial, over 80

Subhlok, Jaspal

498

IT Strategic Directions (and support of research)  

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Trends · IT as strategic partner in the business · Move to Cloud (External Services) o Reduces CapEx

499

Washington Post (Book World) Long Day's Journey into Night  

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. This is not breaking news. At least not to the environmentally attuned reader. To the litany of melting ice caps

Bou-Zeid, Elie

500

How will changes in global climate influence California?  

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melting of glaciers and polar ice. Above, the glacier Skaftafellsjkull, a spur of the Vatnajkull ice cap,

Weare, B C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z