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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

C:\\ANNUAL\\Vol2chps.v8\\ANNUAL2.VP  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 Glossary Aquifer Field: A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an imper- meable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents...

2

The revenue imperative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I contend that the revenue imperative, the government's acute need for additional funds, governed Civil War fiscal policy. My thesis questions the prevalent "Beard-Hacker thesis" that asserts the Republican administration purposefully inaugurated an era of "industrial-capitalism" through its business-friendly policies. The Republicans reactively, rather than proactively, inaugurated a system of national internal taxation to meet the unexpected and unprecedented expenses incurred in fighting the war. Further, by reviewing the tariff history of the antebellum era, I find that the revenue imperative, more than a desire to impose a "protectionist" or "free trade" doctrine, motivated changes in antebellum tariff legislation.

Flaherty, Jane

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Unifying Execution of Imperative and Declarative Code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a unified environment for running declarative specifications in the context of an imperative object-Oriented programming language. Specifications are Alloy-like, written in first-order relational logic with ...

Milicevic, Aleksandar

4

Symbolic Analysis of Imperative Programming Languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We present a generic symbolic analysis framework for imperative programming languages. Our framework is capable of computing all valid variable bindings of a program at given program points. This information is invaluable for domain-specific static program analyses such as memory leak detection, program parallelisation, and the detection of superfluous bound checks, variable aliases and task deadlocks. We employ path expression algebra to model the control flow information of programs. A homomorphism maps path expressions into the symbolic domain. At the center of the symbolic domain is a compact algebraic structure called supercontext. A supercontext contains the complete control and data flow analysis information valid at a given program point. Our approach to compute supercontexts is based purely on algebra and is fully automated. This novel representation of program semantics closes the gap between program analysis and computer algebra systems, which makes supercontexts an ideal intermediate representation for all domainspecific static program analyses. Our approach is more general than existing methods because it can derive solutions for arbitrary (even intra-loop) nodes of reducible and irreducible control flow graphs. We prove the correctness of our symbolic analysis method. Our experimental results show that the problem sizes arising from real-world applications such as the SPEC95 benchmark suite are tractable for our symbolic analysis framework. 1

Bernd Burgstaller; Bernhard Scholz; Johann Blieberger

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

The Imperative of Hard Power The 2009 Defence White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Imperative of Hard Power The 2009 Defence White Paper Presented by National Security College Mr Michael Pezzullo was the Deputy Secretary (2009 White Paper) in the Department of Defence of force by states in the modern world was dealt with in the 2009 Defence White Paper, and in particular

6

ROTOR END CAP  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved end cap is described for the cylindrical rotor or bowl of a high-speed centrifugal separator adapted to permit free and efficient continuous counter current flow of gas therethrough for isotope separation. The end cap design provides for securely mounting the same to the hollow central shaft and external wall of the centrifuge. Passageways are incorporated and so arranged as to provide for continuous counter current flow of the light and heavy portions of the gas fed to the centrifuge.

Rushing, F.C.

1959-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

CENTRIFUGE END CAP  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An end cap for ultra-gas centrifuges is designed to impart or remove angular momentum to or from the gas and to bring the entering gas to the temperature of the gas inside the centrifuge. The end cap is provided with slots or fins for adjusting the temperature and the angular momentum of the entering gas to the temperature and momentum of the gas in the centrifuge and is constructed to introduce both the inner and the peripheral stream into the centrifuge.

Beams, J.W.; Snoddy, L.B.

1960-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Nuclear Hybrid Energy Systems: Imperatives, Prospects, and Challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As global population reaches an expected 8 billion people by 2030, primary energy consumption is expected to increase by almost 40% from approximately 520 exajoules consumed today to almost 740 exajoules. Much of this increase is expected to come from non-Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) nations, and Asia specifically. In these economies, energy used for transportation is expected to grow substantially, as is industrial, commercial and to a lesser degree residential energy use, creating considerable pressure on global and local energy markets. The magnitude and timing of growth in energy consumption likely will create a global imperative to deploy energy production technologies that balance the three pillars of energy security: • economic stability – related to the affordability of energy products, stability and predictability in their price, and the efficient and effective deployment of global capital resources in their development; • environmental sustainability – related to minimizing the negative impacts of energy production to air, land, and water systems and advancing the long-term viability of using a particular resource in a way that does not limit future generations ability to prosper; • resource security – related to the ability to access energy resources and products where and when necessary, in an affordable and predictable manner. One approach to meeting these objectives is hybrid energy systems (HES). Broadly described, HES are energy product production plants that take two or more energy resource inputs (typically includes both carbon and non-carbon based sources) and produce two or more energy products (e.g. electricity, liquid transportation fuels, industrial chemicals) in an integrated plant. Nuclear energy integration into HES offers intriguing potential, particularly if smaller (management (e.g. advanced heat exchangers, process design); • energy storage (e.g. H2 production, liquid fuels synthesis); • byproduct management (e.g. CO2 recycle approaches); • systems dynamics, integration and control (e.g. process dynamics analyses and optimization, advanced prognostics, diagnostics, variable time scale control and flow sheet optimization).

Steven E. Aumeier

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Combining functional and imperative programming for multicore software: an empirical study evaluating Scala and Java  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent multi-paradigm programming languages combine functional and imperative programming styles to make software development easier. Given today's proliferation of multicore processors, parallel programmers are supposed to benefit from this combination, ...

Victor Pankratius; Felix Schmidt; Gilda Garretón

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Nuclear Hybrid Energy Systems: Imperatives, Prospects, and Challenges  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As global population reaches an expected 8 billion people by 2030, primary energy consumption is expected to increase by almost 40% from approximately 520 exajoules consumed today to almost 740 exajoules. Much of this increase is expected to come from non-Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) nations, and Asia specifically. In these economies, energy used for transportation is expected to grow substantially, as is industrial, commercial and to a lesser degree residential energy use, creating considerable pressure on global and local energy markets. The magnitude and timing of growth in energy consumption likely will create a global imperative to deploy energy production technologies that balance the three pillars of energy security: • economic stability – related to the affordability of energy products, stability and predictability in their price, and the efficient and effective deployment of global capital resources in their development; • environmental sustainability – related to minimizing the negative impacts of energy production to air, land, and water systems and advancing the long-term viability of using a particular resource in a way that does not limit future generations ability to prosper; • resource security – related to the ability to access energy resources and products where and when necessary, in an affordable and predictable manner. One approach to meeting these objectives is hybrid energy systems (HES). Broadly described, HES are energy product production plants that take two or more energy resource inputs (typically includes both carbon and non-carbon based sources) and produce two or more energy products (e.g. electricity, liquid transportation fuels, industrial chemicals) in an integrated plant. Nuclear energy integration into HES offers intriguing potential, particularly if smaller (<300 MWe) reactors are available. Although the concept of using nuclear energy in a variety of non-electrical process applications is certainly not new, renewed interest in more tightly coupled energy product plants (such as HES) that meet the objectives outline above have gained additional interest recently, an interest likely sparked by sharpening energy security concerns. Studies have shown that non-nuclear integrated (hybrid) energy systems can have appealing attributes in terms of overall process efficiency, enhanced electric grid stability, renewable energy integration, and economic performance, and lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions. These attributes seem to be sufficiently compelling that several significant commercial investments in fossil-renewable HES are being made in the United States while the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has openly solicited information regarding nuclear energy integration schemes. The challenges of nuclear energy integration include myriad issues associated with the following RD&D areas, or “platforms”: • feedstock processing (e.g. bio-feedstock integration with coal, carbon feedstock extraction using nuclear energy); • heat / energy management (e.g. advanced heat exchangers, process design); • energy storage (e.g. H2 production, liquid fuels synthesis); • byproduct management (e.g. CO2 recycle approaches); • systems dynamics, integration and control (e.g. process dynamics analyses and optimization, advanced prognostics, diagnostics, variable time scale control and flow sheet optimization).

Steven E. Aumeier

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Long-Term Engineered Cap Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Summary Notes from 22 July 2008 Generic Technical Issue Discussion on Long-Term Engineered Cap Performance

12

CAP Program Guidance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CAP Program Guidance CAP Program Guidance CAP Program Guidance In 2002, the Department of Energy signed an interagency agreement with the Department of Defense's Computer/Electronic Accommodations Program (CAP) program to provide assistive/adaptive technology free of charge to DOE employees with disabilities. The following information regarding CAP is being provided to assist federal employees, managers and on- site disability coordinators with the CAP application process. CAP Program Guidance Responsible Contacts Suzanne Piper LEAD EMPLOYEE WORK LIFE SPECIALIST E-mail suzanne.piper@hq.doe.gov Phone 202-586-8515 More Documents & Publications DOE Reasonable Accommodation Procedures Desk Reference on DOE-Flex Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Disability Employment

13

CAP Program Guidance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CAP Program Guidance CAP Program Guidance CAP Program Guidance In 2002, the Department of Energy signed an interagency agreement with the Department of Defense's Computer/Electronic Accommodations Program (CAP) program to provide assistive/adaptive technology free of charge to DOE employees with disabilities. The following information regarding CAP is being provided to assist federal employees, managers and on- site disability coordinators with the CAP application process. CAP Program Guidance Responsible Contacts Suzanne Piper LEAD EMPLOYEE WORK LIFE SPECIALIST E-mail suzanne.piper@hq.doe.gov Phone 202-586-8515 More Documents & Publications DOE Reasonable Accommodation Procedures Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Disability Employment

14

C:\ANNUAL\Vol2chps.v8\ANNUAL2.VP  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Glossary Aquifer Field: A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an imper- meable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents differences between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences may be due to quantities lost or to the effects of data-reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and con- verted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data-reporting systems that vary in scope, format, definitions, and type of respondents. Biomass Gas: A medium Btu

15

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NewNGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Glossary Aquifer Storage Field: A sub-surface facility for storing nat- ural gas consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an imper- meable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents differences between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the com- ponents of natural gas disposition. These differences may be due to quantities lost or to the effects of data-reporting prob- lems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying tempera- ture and pressure bases and converted to a standard tempera- ture and pressure base; the effect of variations in company ac- counting and billing practices; differences between billing cy- cle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data-reporting systems that vary in scope, format, definitions, and type of respondents. Biomass

16

C:\Annual\VENTCHAP.V8\NGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 2002 Glossary Aquifer Storage Field: A sub-surface facility for storing nat- ural gas consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an imper- meable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents differences between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the com- ponents of natural gas disposition. These differences may be due to quantities lost or to the effects of data-reporting prob- lems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying tempera- ture and pressure bases and converted to a standard tempera- ture and pressure base; the effect of variations in company ac- counting and billing practices; differences between billing cy- cle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data-reporting systems that vary in scope,

17

Capping of Water Wells for Future Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water wells that are not being used, but that might be needed in the future, can be sealed with a cap that covers the top of the well casing pipe to prevent unauthorized access and contamination of the well. This publication explains how to cap a well safely and securely.

Lesikar, Bruce J.; Mechell, Justin

2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

18

Perfluorocarbon vapor tagging of blasting cap detonators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A plug for a blasting cap is made of an elastomer in which is dissolved a perfluorocarbon. The perfluorocarbon is released as a vapor into the ambient over a long period of time to serve as a detectable taggant.

Dietz, Russell N. (Shoreham, NY); Senum, Gunnar I. (Patchogue, NY)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Perfluorocarbon vapor tagging of blasting cap detonators  

SciTech Connect

A plug for a blasting cap is made of an elastomer in which is dissolved a perfluorocarbon. The perfluorocarbon is released as a vapor into the ambient over a long period of time to serve as a detectable taggant.

Dietz, R.N.; Senum, G.I.

1981-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

20

CapStar Health System Feedback Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and CapStar's daily briefings are patterned after those of a hotel industry leader. ... results on readmission rates shown in Figure 7.4-5, the utility of the ...

2013-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

CeCap LLP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name CeCap LLP Place London, United Kingdom Zip W1S 2LQ Product London-based investment boutique which provides investment advice to, and invests in, small to mediun size...

22

Will a Carbon Cap Undermine Standards?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Will a Carbon Cap Undermine Standards? Speaker(s): Steven Stoft Date: March 31, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Germany's Green Party realized over a year ago that "the EEG...

23

Clouds, Aerosols and Precipitation in the Marine Boundary Layer (CAP-MBL) AMF Deployment Graciosa Island, Azores, NE Atlantic Ocean May 2009-December 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Marine Boundary Layer (CAP-MBL) Graciosa Island, Azores, NE Atlantic Ocean May 2009-December 2010 Rob Wood, University of Washington CAP-MBL Proposal Team AMF Deployment Team Thanks to Mark Miller: AMF Site Scientist Kim Nitschke: AMF Site Manager Importance of Low-Clouds for Climate Imperative that we understand the processes controlling the formation, maintenance and dissipation of low clouds in order to improve their representation in climate models. Which clouds matter for climate sensitivity? Climate Feedbacks Model Intercomparison Project (CFMIP) 12 slab ocean models 2xCO 2 - control Correlation of global mean CRF with local values Mark Webb, Hadley Center 90 N 45 N 0 45 S 90S 0 90 E 180 90 W 0

24

Radioisotope Power Systems: An Imperative for Maintaining U.S. Leadership in Space Exploration (Free Executive Summary)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radioisotope Power Systems: An Imperative for Maintaining U.S. Leadership in Space Exploration (Free Executive Summary) Radioisotope Power Systems: An Imperative for Maintaining U.S. Leadership in Space Exploration (Free Executive Summary) http://www.nap.edu/catalog/12653.html Free Executive Summary ISBN: 978-0-309-13857-4, 74 pages, 8 1/2 x 11, paperback (2009) This executive summary plus thousands more available at www.nap.edu. Radioisotope Power Systems: An Imperative for Maintaining U.S. Leadership in Space Exploration Radioisotope Power Systems Committee, National Research Council This free executive summary is provided by the National Academies as part of our mission to educate the world on issues of science, engineering, and health. If you are interested in reading the full book, please visit us online at http://www.nap.edu/catalog/12653.html . You may browse and

25

Nuclear waste vitrification efficiency: cold cap reactions  

SciTech Connect

The cost and schedule of nuclear waste treatment and immobilization are greatly affected by the rate of glass production. Various factors influence the performance of a waste-glass melter. One of the most significant, and also one of the least understood, is the process of batch melting. Studies are being conducted to gain fundamental understanding of the batch reactions, particularly those that influence the rate of melting, and models are being developed to link batch makeup and melter operation to the melting rate. Batch melting takes place within the cold cap, i.e., a batch layer floating on the surface of molten glass. The conversion of batch to glass consists of various chemical reactions, phase transitions, and diffusion-controlled processes. These include water evaporation (slurry feed contains as high as 60% water), gas evolution, the melting of salts, the formation of borate melt, reactions of borate melt with molten salts and with amorphous oxides (Fe2O3 and Al2O3), the formation of intermediate crystalline phases, the formation of a continuous glass-forming melt, the growth and collapse of primary foam, and the dissolution of residual solids. To this list we also need to add the formation of secondary foam that originates from molten glass but accumulates on the bottom of the cold cap. This study presents relevant data obtained for a high-level-waste melter feed and introduces a one-dimensional (1D) mathematical model of the cold cap as a step toward an advanced three-dimensional (3D) version for a complete model of the waste glass melter. The 1D model describes the batch-to-glass conversion within the cold cap as it progresses in a vertical direction. With constitutive equations and key parameters based on measured data, and simplified boundary conditions on the cold-cap interfaces with the glass melt and the plenum space of the melter, the model provides sensitivity analysis of the response of the cold cap to the batch makeup and melter conditions. The model demonstrates that batch foaming has a decisive influence on the rate of melting. Understanding the dynamics of the foam layer at the bottom of the cold cap and the heat transfer through it appears crucial for a reliable prediction of the rate of melting as a function of the melter-feed makeup and melter operation parameters. Although the study is focused on a batch for waste vitrification, the authors expect that the outcome will also be relevant for commercial glass melting.

Hrma, Pavel R.; Kruger, Albert A.; Pokorny, Richard

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

Low flammability cap-sensitive flexible explosive composition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cap-sensitive flexible explosive composition of reduced flammability is provided by incorporating a finely divided, cap-sensitive explosive in a flame resistant polymeric binder system which contains a compatible flame retardant material.

Wagner, Martin G. (Wilmington, DE)

1992-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

27

Sediment Capping Resource Guide for Manufactured Gas Plant Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes tools and techniques applicable to design and implementation of sediment capping remedies at former manufactured gas plant (MGP) sites. It includes a number of practical case studies describing cap designs and cap construction experience. The report is intended as a sediment capping resource guide to be used with EPRI's 2007 Handbook of Remedial Alternatives for MGP Sites with Contaminated Sediments (EPRI report 1012592).

2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

28

Process for making surfactant capped nanocrystals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a process for making surfactant capped nanocrystals of transition metal oxides. The process comprises reacting a metal cupferron complex of the formula M Cup, wherein M is a transition metal, and Cup is a cupferron, with a coordinating surfactant, the reaction being conducted at a temperature ranging from about 250 to about 300 C., for a period of time sufficient to complete the reaction.

Alivisatos, A Paul (Berkeley, CA); Rockenberger, Joerg (Berkeley, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Cap May County Municipal Utilities Authority | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cap May County Municipal Utilities Authority Cap May County Municipal Utilities Authority Jump to: navigation, search Name Cap May County Municipal Utilities Authority Place Cape May Court House, New Jersey Zip 8210 Product The CMCMUA was created to design, construct and operate efficient wastewater treatment facilities. References Cap May County Municipal Utilities Authority[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Cap May County Municipal Utilities Authority is a company located in Cape May Court House, New Jersey . References ↑ "Cap May County Municipal Utilities Authority" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Cap_May_County_Municipal_Utilities_Authority&oldid=343207"

30

Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cap and trade programs are increasingly being used to reduce emissions from electricity generation in the United States. Cap and trade programs primarily target emitting generators, but programs have also included renewable generators, such as wind generators. States cite several reasons why they have considered the policy option of including renewable generators in cap and trade programs: to provide an incentive for lower-emitting generation, to achieve emissions reductions in non-capped pollutants, and to gain local economic benefits associated with renewable energy projects. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency also notes these rationales for considering this policy alternative, and the National Association of Regulatory Commissioners (NARUC) passed a resolution supporting the inclusion of renewable energy in cap and trade programs. This report explores why states consider this policy option, what participation could mean for wind generators, and how wind generation can most effectively be included in state, federal, and regional cap and trade programs.

Bluestein, J.; Salerno, E.; Bird, L.; Vimmerstedt, L.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Preform spar cap for a wind turbine rotor blade  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spar cap for a wind turbine rotor blade. The spar cap may include multiple preform components. The multiple preform components may be planar sheets having a swept shape with a first end and a second end. The multiple preform components may be joined by mating the first end of a first preform component to the second end of a next preform component, forming the spar cap.

Livingston, Jamie T. (Simpsonville, SC); Driver, Howard D. (Greer, SC); van Breugel, Sjef (Enschede, NL); Jenkins, Thomas B. (Cantonment, FL); Bakhuis, Jan Willem (Nijverdal, NL); Billen, Andrew J. (Daarlerveen, NL); Riahi, Amir (Pensacola, FL)

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

32

MFTF-. cap alpha. + T progress report  

SciTech Connect

Early in FY 1983, several upgrades of the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF-B) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) were proposed to the fusion community. The one most favorably received was designated MFTF-..cap alpha..+T. The engineering design of this device, guided by LLNL, has been a principal activity of the Fusion Engineering Design Center during FY 1983. This interim progress report represents a snapshot of the device design, which was begun in FY 1983 and will continue for several years. The report is organized as a complete design description. Because it is an interim report, some parts are incomplete; they will be supplied as the design study proceeds. As described in this report, MFTF-..cap alpha..+T uses existing facilities, many MFTF-B components, and a number of innovations to improve on the physics parameters of MFTF-B. It burns deuterium-tritium and has a central-cell Q of 2, a wall loading GAMMA/sub n/ of 2 MW/m/sup 2/ (with a central-cell insert module), and an availability of 10%. The machine is fully shielded, allows hands-on maintenance of components outside the vacuum vessel 24 h after shutdown, and has provisions for repair of all operating components.

Nelson, W.D. (ed.)

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Capital Access Program (CAP) (Michigan) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CAP) (Michigan) CAP) (Michigan) Capital Access Program (CAP) (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Michigan Program Type Loan Program The Capital Access Program (CAP), utilizes public resources to generate private financing for small business in Michigan seeking access to capital.

34

Blacks and the family cap: pregnancy, abortion, and spillovers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 29, 2006 ... reduction in nonmarital birth rates, particularly among black women. This .... rates are 21% lower among blacks impacted by the family cap.

35

Property:CapRockLithology | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CapRockLithology CapRockLithology Jump to: navigation, search Property Name CapRockLithology Property Type String Description Condensed description of the lithology of the cap rock. Subproperties This property has the following 6 subproperties: B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area D Desert Peak Geothermal Area E East Mesa Geothermal Area H Heber Geothermal Area S Salton Sea Geothermal Area Pages using the property "CapRockLithology" Showing 6 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + volcanic; lacustrine sediments + B Blue Mountain Geothermal Area + Hydrothermal alteration layer + G Geysers Geothermal Area + Hydrothermal alteration layer + K Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area + Overlapping a'a' and pahoehoe flows + L Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area + Metasedimentary Landslide Block; Hydrothermal Alteration Layer +

36

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concerning Cap and Trade Programs in Electricity: the CaseCap and Trade Regulation on Congested Electricity Marketcap and trade regu- lation on congested electricity market

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: EnergyCAP Professional  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Professional Professional EnergyCAP Professional logo. Online software for domestic public school districts (see EnergyCAP Enterprise and Express for other organizations) that need straightforward utility bill tracking, energy management reports and calculation of the cost avoidance attributable to energy management activities. A typical Professional client has 50–1,000 utility accounts and pays $500,000 to $10 million per year. Professional Online is primarily used from one energy management or utilities management office. It uses Microsoft's SQL Server database. Multiple users can access the data simultaneously. EnergyCAP Professional Online is perfect for school districts that need: Verification of utility bills. EnergyCAP's exclusive Bill Auditor checks each bill more than 50 ways for reasonableness.

38

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade Programs Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade Programs There are various methods of allocating allowances to renewable energy sources under cap and trade programs, such as renewable energy set asides and output-based approaches. Background materials and presentations from the January 12, 2006 Webcast below, provide information on why it is important to include wind and other renewables in cap and trade programs and how best to incorporate them. Implications of Carbon Regulation for Green Power Markets Bird, L.; Holt, E.; Carroll, G. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, April 2007. January 12, 2006 Webcast: Incorporating Renewable Energy under the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Co-Sponsors American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) U.S. DOE/NREL Wind Powering America

39

Property:Incentive/AggrCapLimit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AggrCapLimit AggrCapLimit Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/AggrCapLimit Property Type Text Description Aggregate Capacity Limit. Pages using the property "Incentive/AggrCapLimit" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A APS - Net Metering (Arizona) + 15 MW American Samoa - Net Metering (American Samoa) + 5% of utility's peak demand Ames Electric Department - Net Metering (Iowa) + Carried month to month at retail rate, granted to utility after 12 months Ashland Electric - Net Metering (Oregon) + No limit specified Aspen Electric - Net Metering (Colorado) + Credited to customer's next bill Austin Energy - Net Metering (Texas) + No limit specified (program will be re-evaluated after 1% of load is met) Avista Utilities - Net Metering (Idaho) + 0.1% of utility's peak demand in 1996 (in Idaho)

40

Assessment of U.S. cap-and-trade proposals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...

Paltsev, Sergey V.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...

Paltsev, Sergey

42

Wind blade spar cap and method of making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wind blade spar cap for strengthening a wind blade including an integral, unitary three-dimensional woven material having a first end and a second end, corresponding to a root end of the blade and a tip end of the blade, wherein the material tapers in width from the first to the second end while maintaining a constant thickness and decreasing weight therebetween, the cap being capable of being affixed to the blade for providing increased strength with controlled variation in weight from the root end to the tip end based upon the tapered width of the material thereof. The present inventions also include the method of making the wind blade spar cap and a wind blade including the wind blade spar cap.

Mohamed, Mansour H. (Raleigh, NC)

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

43

Cap-and-Trade Properties under Different Scheme Designs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the key design mechanisms of existing and proposed cap-and-trade markets. First, it is shown that the hybrid systems under investigation (safety-valve with offsets, price floor using a subsidy, price ...

Taschini, Luca

44

CinCap V LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name CinCap V LLC Place Indiana Utility Id 3539 Utility Location Yes Ownership W NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO NE Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes References...

45

Resource Adequacy Requirement: Reserve Margin, Contract Cover, and Price Caps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In setting RARs, some state agencies are proposing reserve margins greater than the pre-restructuring levels. But it would be a mistake to reach this conclusion unless other factors are explicitly considered. A simulation indicates that decisions on the reserve margin, the percentage of forward contract cover, and the level of price caps should not be made in isolation. The results support the conjecture that the higher the contract coverage, the less justifiable are high reserve margins or low price caps.

Rochlin, Cliff; Huang, Jeff

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

H/sub. cap alpha. / studies on TFTR  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

H/sub ..cap alpha../ emission is a useful indicator of hydrogen ionization since the energy required to excite hydrogen to the n = 3 level is approximately the same as to ionize the hydrogen atom. Other aspects of recycling, such as plasma scrape-off parameters, wall particle fluxes, and wall retention rates can be inferred from spatial distributions of H/sub ..cap alpha../ emission. There are two H/sub ..cap alpha../ diagnostics on TFTF observing the inner limiter: a relatively calibrated wide-angle TV camera, and the absolutely calibrated HAIFA diagnostic, both viewing the inner limiter. H/sub ..cap alpha../ observations by these instruments have been analyzed using the DEGAS neutral transport code. The core recycling rate, and ion and neutral particle limiter fluxes, have been deduced from the calculations. The results are very sensitive to the ion flux distribution, and therefore also provide information on the plasma scrape-off conditions. A survey was made of over 500 TFTR discharges. H/sub ..cap alpha../ emission appears to increase in proportion to /bar n//sub e//sup 2/. The ratio of core ionization to average H/sub ..cap alpha../ emission was calculated to be roughly constant over a large range of discharges. 9 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Heifetz, D.B.; Ehrhardt, A.B.; Ramsey, A.T.; Dylla, H.F.; Budny, R.; McNeill, D.; Medley, S.; Ulrickson, M.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Proceedings: In Situ Contaminated Sediment Capping Workshop: Cincinnati, Ohio, May 12-14, 2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The In Situ Contaminated Sediment Capping Workshop was designed to provide the most current information and bring about consensus in understanding of a technology that offers one of the few options for remediation of contaminated sediments. These electronic proceedings document workshop sessions on various capping issues, such as site assessment; cap suitability, performance, and design; site monitoring; and research and development in capping.

2004-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

48

Nuclear Energy R&D Imperative 3: Enable a Transition Away from Fossil Fuel in the Transportation and Industrial Sectors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As described in the Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy’s Nuclear Energy R&D Roadmap, nuclear energy can play a significant role in supplying energy for a growing economy while reducing both our dependence on foreign energy supplies and emissions from the burning of fossil fuels. The industrial and transportation sectors are responsible for more than half of the greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S., and imported oil supplies 70% of the energy used in the transportation sector. It is therefore important to examine the various ways nuclear energy can facilitate a transition away from fossil fuels to secure environmentally sustainable production and use of energy in the transportation and manufacturing industry sectors. Imperative 3 of the Nuclear Energy R&D Roadmap, entitled “Enable a Transition Away from Fossil Fuels by Producing Process Heat for use in the Transportation and Industrial Sectors”, addresses this need. This document presents an Implementation Plan for R&D efforts related to this imperative. The expanded use of nuclear energy beyond the electrical grid will contribute significantly to overcoming the three inter-linked energy challenges facing U.S. industry: the rising and volatile prices for premium fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas, dependence on foreign sources for these fuels, and the risks of climate change resulting from carbon emissions. Nuclear energy could be used in the industrial and transportation sectors to: • Generate high temperature process heat and electricity to serve industrial needs including the production of chemical feedstocks for use in manufacturing premium fuels and fertilizer products, • Produce hydrogen for industrial processes and transportation fuels, and • Provide clean water for human consumption by desalination and promote wastewater treatment using low-grade nuclear heat as a useful additional benefit. Opening new avenues for nuclear energy will significantly enhance our nation’s energy security through more effective utilization of our country’s resources while simultaneously providing economic stability and growth (through predictable energy prices and high value jobs), in an environmentally sustainable and secure manner (through lower land and water use, and decreased byproduct emissions). The reduction in imported oil will also increase the retention of wealth within the U.S. economy while still supporting economic growth. Nuclear energy is the only non-fossil fuel that has been demonstrated to reliably supply energy for a growing industrial economy.

David Petti; J. Stephen Herring

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Economic evaluation of closure cap barrier materials study  

SciTech Connect

Volume II of the Economic Evaluation of the Closure Cap Barrier Materials, Revision I contains detailed cost estimates for closure cap barrier materials. The cost estimates incorporate the life cycle costs for a generic hazardous waste seepage basin closure cap under the RCRA Post Closure Period of thirty years. The economic evaluation assessed six barrier material categories. Each of these categories consists of several composite cover system configurations, which were used to develop individual cost estimates. The information contained in this report is not intended to be used as a cost estimating manual. This information provides the decision makers with the ability to screen barrier materials, cover system configurations, and identify cost-effective materials for further consideration.

Serrato, M.G.; Bhutani, J.S.; Mead, S.M.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Price caps for standard offer service: A hidden stranded cost  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some utility commissions or legislatures, concerned about mis-estimating the market line when calculating stranded costs, are choosing to require a price-capped standard offer service (SOS) to be offered by utilities in the competitive marketplace. This grants to customers the flexibility to switch from a fixed-price alternative with the utility to (or even to and from) a non-utility power supplier. Given the enormous uncertainty in future power market prices, this flexibility, which is being bestowed free-of-charge to customers, may prove to be of considerable value. Valuation of this SOS flexibility using call option techniques shows that this can be a non-trivial fraction of total stranded costs. The costs of price-capped SOS can be ameliorated through the structure of the price cap. This article describes the option-based techniques for valuing SOS and some approaches to limiting its cost to utilities.

Graves, F.; Liu, P. [Brattle Group, Cambridge, MA (United States)]|[Brattle Group, Washington, DC (United States)]|[Brattle Group, London (United Kingdom)

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Equilibrium magnetic states in individual hemispherical permalloy caps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The magnetization distributions in individual soft magnetic permalloy caps on non-magnetic spherical particles with sizes ranging from 50 to 800 nm are investigated. We experimentally visualize the magnetic structures at the resolution limit of the x-ray magnetic circular dichroism photoelectron emission microscopy (XMCD-PEEM). By analyzing the so-called tail contrast in XMCD-PEEM, the spatial resolution is significantly enhanced, which allowed us to explore magnetic vortices and their displacement on curved surfaces. Furthermore, cap nanostructures are modeled as extruded hemispheres to determine theoretically the phase diagram of equilibrium magnetic states. The calculated phase diagram agrees well with the experimental observations.

Streubel, Robert; Schmidt, Oliver G. [Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, IFW Dresden, 01069 Dresden (Germany); Material Systems for Nanoelectronics, Chemnitz University of Technology, 09107 Chemnitz (Germany); Kravchuk, Volodymyr P.; Gaididei, Yuri [Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, 03143 Kiev (Ukraine); Sheka, Denis D. [Radiophysics Faculty, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kiev, 01601 Kiev (Ukraine); Makarov, Denys [Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, IFW Dresden, 01069 Dresden (Germany); Kronast, Florian [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie GmbH, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

52

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: EnergyCAP Enterprise  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enterprise Enterprise EnergyCAP Enterprise logo. Designed to be the foremost energy information software available for total integration and management of an organization's diverse utility bill and energy management needs. EnergyCAP offers the full range of capabilities: bill tracking, manual and EDI entry, interface to A/P for bill payment, ENERGY STAR® automated data submittal, workflow system for user-defined bill approval processes, automatic bill auditing system, correct "to-the-penny" rate schedules, interval data tracking and analysis, tracking of production (or any other independent variables), greenhouse gas emissions tracking, cost avoidance calculations (measurement and verification [M&V]), submeter tracking, virtual meter formulas, tenant

53

Cirriform Rotor Cloud Observed on a Canadian Arctic Ice Cap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thin rotor cloud was observed on the lee side of Penny Ice Cap in the Canadian Arctic on 21 April 1996. The cloud consisted of thin cirriform layers, so that its motion was clearly observed. By means of time-lapse camera photography, the ...

Hisashi Ozawa; Kumiko Goto-Azuma; Koyuru Iwanami; Roy M. Koerner

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Bringing Transportation into a Cap-and-Trade Regime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. may at some point adopt a national cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases, and if and when that happens the system of CAFE regulation of vehicle design very likely could still be in place. Imposed independently ...

Ellerman, A. Denny.

55

The Physics of the Marine Stratocumulus-Capped Mixed Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to simulate the stratocumulus-capped mixed layer, a one-dimensional stratocumulus model is developed. This model consists of five major points: 1) a one-dimensional (1D) option of the CSU Cloud/Mesoscale Model, 2) a partially diagnostic ...

Chaing Chen; William R. Cotton

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation presents an equilibrium framework for analyzing the impact of cap-and-trade regulation on transmission-constrained electricity market. The cap-and-trade regulation of greenhouse gas emissions has… (more)

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

"Case Name","CO2 Fees",,"Cap and Trade","Fee/Allowance Revenue...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 1. CO2 FeeCap and Trade Runs for AEO Supplement" "Case Name","CO2 Fees",,"Cap and Trade","FeeAllowance Revenue Treatment",,,"Offsets" ,"Start ()","Real Rate of...

58

EPA 402-R-00-004 CAP88-PC Version 2.0 UPDATED USER'S  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

radionuclide emissions to air. CAP-88 is composed of modified versions of AIRDOS- EPA (Mo79) and DARTAB (ORNL

59

Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Incorporating Wind Generation in Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs Joel Bluestein Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. Elizabeth Salerno American Wind Energy Association Lori Bird and Laura Vimmerstedt National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-500-40006 July 2006 Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs Joel Bluestein Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. Elizabeth Salerno American Wind Energy Association Lori Bird and Laura Vimmerstedt National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared under Task No. WER6 6006 Technical Report NREL/TP-500-4006 July 2006 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

60

Gamma-ray Pulsars in a Modified Polar Cap Scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a polar-cap model which incorporates a likely acceleration of Sturrock pairs with their subsequent contribution to gamma-ray luminosity L_gamma. This model reproduces L_gamma for seven pulsars detected with Compton Gamma Ray Observatory experiments, avoiding at the same time the problem of the empirical gamma-ray death line of Arons (1996). Also, we estimate the efficiency of reversing newly created positrons by residual longitudinal electric field. Over the wide range of spin-down luminosity values the predicted polar-cap X-ray luminosity L_X(pc) goes as L_sd^{0.6}. Model calculations for B0823+26, B0950+08, B1929+10, and J0437-4715 are compared with existing observational constraints on thermal X-ray components.

B. Rudak; J. Dyks

1997-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Bonneville Power Administration Communication Alarm Processor (CAP). Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power systems operations and maintenance currently face an ever-increasing need for a high level of computerized support. This paper is the final report of a research and development effort undertaken by the Bonneville Power Administration to develop a computerized decision support system to aid operations and maintenance personnel isolate and diagnose faults on a microwave communication system used for centralized dispatch operations. The system, called CAP for Communication Alarm Processor, provides statistical analysis of microwave communication system alarms, as well as an expert system capability for fault isolation and diagnosis. CAP is implemented on a DEC VAX Station 3100 computer, utilizing both knowledge-based programming principles as well as conventional programming techniques.

MacGregor, D.G. [MacGregor-Bates, Inc., Eugene, OR (United States); Goeltz, R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Evaluating possible cap and trade legislation on cellulosic feedstock availability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An integrated, socioeconomic biogeophysical model is used to analyze the interactions of cap-and-trade legislation and the Renewable Fuels Standard. Five alternative policy scenarios were considered with the purpose of identifying policies that act in a synergistic manner to reduce carbon emissions, increase economic returns to agriculture, and adequately meet ethanol mandates. We conclude that climate and energy policies can best be implemented together by offering carbon offset payments to conservation tillage, herbaceous grasses for biomass, and by constraining crop residue removal for ethanol feedstocks to carbon neutral level. When comparing this scenario to the Baseline scenario, the agricultural sector realizes an economic benefit of US$156 billion by 2030 and emissions are reduced by 135 Tg C-equivalent (Eq) yr 1. Results also indicate that geographic location of cellulosic feedstocks could shift significantly depending on the final policies implemented in cap and trade legislation. Placement of cellulosic ethanol facilities should consider these possible shifts when determining site location.

Hellwinckel, Chad [Agricultural Policy Analysis Center, University of Tennessee; de la Torre Ugarte, Daniel [University of Tennessee; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; West, T. O. [University of Maryland

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Are price caps the answer for electric utilities  

SciTech Connect

There is no widely acceptable alternative to traditional rate-base/rate-of-return regulation. The industry is keenly interested in the experiment currently unfolding in the telephone industry: the price cap approach being followed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in regulating AT and T, and by many states in regulating local telephone companies. This approach offers an interesting and possibly useful alternative to traditional utility regulation.

Silverman, L.P. (McKinsey and Co., Washington, DC (United States)); Wenner, D.L.; Peters, R.S. (McKinsey and Company, Atlanta, GA (United States))

1991-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Population Files for use with CAP88 at Los Alamos  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CAP88 (Clean Air Act Assessment Package 1988) is a computer model developed for the US Environmental Protection Agency to assess the potential dose from radionuclide emissions to air and to demonstrate compliance with the Clean Air Act. It has options to calculate either individual doses, in units of mrem, or a collective dose, also called population dose, in units of person-rem. To calculate the collective dose, CAP88 uses a population file such as LANL.pop, that lists the number of people in each sector (N, NNE, NE, etc.) as a function of distance (1 to 2 km, etc.) out to a maximum radius of 80 km. Early population files are described in the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Environmental Reports for 1985 (page 14) and subsequent years. LA-13469-MS describes a population file based on the 1990 census. These files have been updated several times, most recently in 2006 for CAP88 version 3. The 2006 version used the US census for 2000. The present paper describes the 2012 updates, using the 2010 census.

McNaughton, Michael W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brock, Burgandy R [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

65

ACTIVE CAPPING TECHNOLOGY - NEW APPROACHES FOR IN SITU REMEDIATION OF CONTAMINATED SEDIMENTS  

SciTech Connect

This study evaluated pilot-scale active caps composed of apatite, organoclay, biopolymers, and sand for the remediation of metal-contaminated sediments. The active caps were constructed in Steel Creek, at the Savannah River Site near Aiken, South Carolina. Monitoring was conducted for 12 months. Effectiveness of the caps was based on an evaluation of contaminant bioavailability, resistance to erosion, and impacts on benthic organisms. Active caps lowered metal bioavailability in the sediment during the one-year test period. Biopolymers reduced sediment suspension during cap construction, increased the pool of carbon, and lowered the release of metals. This field validation showed that active caps can effectively treat contaminants by changing their speciation, and that caps can be constructed to include more than one type of amendment to achieve multiple goals.

Knox, A.; Paller, M.; Roberts, J.

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

66

Evaluation of MerCAP for Power Plant Mercury Control  

SciTech Connect

This report is submitted to the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE-NETL) as part of Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-03NT41993, 'Evaluation of EPRI's MerCAP{trademark} Technology for Power Plant Mercury Control'. This project has investigated the mercury removal performance of EPRI's Mercury Capture by Amalgamation Process (MerCAP{trademark}) technology. Test programs were conducted to evaluate gold-based MerCAP{trademark} at Great River Energy's Stanton Station Unit 10 (Site 1), which fired both North Dakota lignite (NDL) and Power River Basin (PRB) coal during the testing period, and at Georgia Power's Plant Yates Unit 1 (Site 2) [Georgia Power is a subsidiary of The Southern Company] which fires a low sulfur Eastern bituminous coal. Additional tests were carried out at Alabama Power's Plant Miller, which fires Powder River Basin Coal, to evaluate a carbon-based MerCAP{trademark} process for removing mercury from flue gas downstream of an electrostatic precipitator [Alabama Power is a subsidiary of The Southern Company]. A full-scale gold-based sorbent array was installed in the clean-air plenum of a single baghouse compartment at GRE's Stanton Station Unit 10, thereby treating 1/10th of the unit's exhaust gas flow. The substrates that were installed were electroplated gold screens oriented parallel to the flue gas flow. The sorbent array was initially installed in late August of 2004, operating continuously until its removal in July 2006, after nearly 23 months. The initial 4 months of operation were conducted while the host unit was burning North Dakota lignite (NDL). In November 2004, the host unit switched fuel to burn Powder River Basin (PRB) subbituminous coal and continued to burn the PRB fuel for the final 19 months of this program. Tests were conducted at Site 1 to evaluate the impacts of flue gas flow rate, sorbent plate spacing, sorbent pre-cleaning and regeneration, and spray dryer operation on MerCAP{trademark} performance. At Site 2, a pilot-scale array was installed in a horizontal reactor chamber designed to treat approximately 2800 acfm of flue gas obtained from downstream of the plant's flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system. The initial MerCAP{trademark} array was installed at Plant Yates in January 2004, operating continuously for several weeks before a catastrophic system failure resulting from a failed flue gas fan. A second MerCAP{trademark} array was installed in July 2006 and operated for one month before being shut down for a reasons pertaining to system performance and host site scheduling. A longer-term continuous-operation test was then conducted during the summer and fall of 2007. Tests were conducted to evaluate the impacts of flue gas flow rate, sorbent space velocity, and sorbent rinsing frequency on mercury removal performance. Detailed characterization of treated sorbent plates was carried out in an attempt to understand the nature of reactions leading to excessive corrosion of the substrate surfaces.

Carl Richardson

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

67

MFTF-. cap alpha. +T end plug magnet design  

SciTech Connect

The conceptual design of the end-plug magnets for MFTF-..cap alpha..+T is described. MFTF-..cap alpha..+ T is a near-term upgrade of MFTF-B, which features new end plugs to improve performance. The Fusion Engineering Design Center has performed the engineering design of MFTF-..cap alpha..+T under the overall direction of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Each end plug consists of two Yin-Yang pairs, each with approx.2.5:1 mirror ratio and approx.5-T peak field on axis; two transition coils; and a recircularizing solenoid. This paper describes the end-plug magnet system functional requirements and presents a conceptual design that meets them. The peak field at the windings of the end-plug coils is approx.6-T. These coils are designed using the NbTi MFTF-B conductor and cooled by a 4.2K liquid helium bath. All the end-plug magnets are designed to operate in the cryostable mode with adequate quench protection for safety. Shielding requirements are stated and a summary of heat loads is provided. Field and force calculations are discussed. The field on axis is shown to meet the functional requirements. Force resultants are reported in terms of winding running loads and resultant coil forces are also given. The magnet structural support is described. A trade study to determine the optimum end-cell coil internal nuclear shield thickness and the resulting coil size based on minimizing the end-cell life cycle cost is summarized.

Srivastava, V.C.; O'Toole, J.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Evaluating possible cap and trade legislation on cellulosic feedstock availability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An integrated, socioeconomic biogeophysical model is used to analyze the interactions of cap-and-trade legislation and the Renewable Fuels Standard. Five alternative policy scenarios were considered with the purpose of identifying policies that act in a synergistic manner to reduce carbon emissions, increase economic returns to agriculture, and adequately meet ethanol mandates.We conclude that climate and energy policies can best be implemented together by offering carbon offset payments to conservation tillage, herbaceous grasses for biomass, and by constraining crop residue removal for ethanol feedstocks to carbon neutral level.

Hellwinckel, C.M.; West, Tristram O.; De La Torre Ugarte, D. G.; Perlack, Robert D.

2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

69

Assessment of soil capping for phosphogypsum stack reclamation at Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Phosphogypsum (PG), an acidic byproduct of phosphoric acid production during phosphate fertilizer manufacturing, is commonly stacked on the facilities and capped with soil at decommissioning.… (more)

Jackson, Mallory E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The bumpy road to federal CO{sub 2} caps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In January and February 2007 members of the US Congress introduced a number of carbon capture and trade bills that compete with each other to impose the most stringent standards possible. Soon after, the Speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi, called for consideration of a bill by the full House by the summer. Two issues have been resolved so far: any greenhouse gas reduction program almost certainly will be mandatory, and it appears likely that regulation of the electric power sector's CO{sub 2} emissions will be via a cap and trade system. Many other issues remain. Eight of these are discussed in the article. They include: where in the energy supply chain should greenhouse gas emissions be regulated? and, How should the burden of greenhouse gas reduction be shared with the electricity industry?

Gannett, C.; Adamson, D. [Davis Wright Tremaine LLP, Seattle, WA (United States)

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

Performance oriented packaging report for M6 electric blasting cap. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This POP report is for the M6 Electric Blasting Cap which is packaged 180/ Mil-B-2427 wood box. This report describes the results of testing conducted. Performance Oriented Packaging, POP, M6 Electric Blasting Cap, Mil-B-2427 wood box.

Sniezek, F.M.

1992-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

72

Performance oriented packaging report for M7 non-electric blasting cap. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This POP report is for the M7 Non-Electric Blasting Cap which is packaged 480/Mil-B-2427 wood box. This report describes the results of testing conducted. Performance Oriented Packaging, POP, M7 Non-Electric Blasting Cap, Mil-B-2427 Wood box.

Sniezek, F.M.

1992-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

73

Novel dielectric capping layer approach for advanced copper interconnects using chemical grafting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to its low bulk resistivity copper has become the material of choice for ULSI interconnects. However its high diffusivity in dielectrics and weak chemical bonding to low-k materials require a capping layer as diffusion barrier and to improve adhesion. ... Keywords: Adhesion, Capping, Chemical grafting, Electromigration

I. Bispo; B. Couturier; P. H. Haumesser; P. Mangiagalli; H. Monchoix; G. Passemard; C. Peyne; S. Roy; N. Thieriet; P. Rabinzohn; C. Bureau

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Carbon Emissions Caps and the Impact of a Radical Change in Nuclear  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Emissions Caps and the Impact of a Radical Change in Nuclear Carbon Emissions Caps and the Impact of a Radical Change in Nuclear Electricity Costs Title Carbon Emissions Caps and the Impact of a Radical Change in Nuclear Electricity Costs Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Leibowicz, Benjamin, Maria Roumpani, and Peter H. Larsen Journal International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy Volume 3 Start Page 60 Issue 1 Date Published 2013 Keywords foresight, MARKAL, nuclear electricity, value of information Abstract In this study we analyze the impact of a radical change in nuclear electricity costs on the optimal electricity generation technology mix (EGTM) and constrain the value of information (VOI) on future nuclear costs. We consider three nuclear cost events and four carbon emissions caps. We develop a two-stage framework for energy-economic model MARKAL to eliminate foresight of future nuclear cost movements. We examine how the EGTM responds to these movements under alternative caps and analyze how these movements affect the cost of each cap. We define the expected savings from perfect foresight (ESPF), an upper bound on the VOI. We found that with current technologies, carbon mitigation that does not rely heavily on nuclear electricity is economically insensible. The Strong Cap is extremely costly because it restricts flexibility to respond to cost signals in choosing among technologies. The ESPF is highest under the Medium Cap by a substantial margin.

75

Call Pre-Announcement for the first ERA-CAPS joint research call  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Call Pre-Announcement for the first ERA-CAPS joint research call: "Expanding the European Research in national policies whilst continuing to fund excellent research in this area by means of two joint calls. In this first joint ERA-CAPS call, 14 funding organisations from 14 countries are participating1

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

76

Combining a Renewable Portfolio Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: A General Equilibrium Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining a Renewable Portfolio Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: A General Equilibrium, Technology and Policy Program #12;#12;3 Combining a Renewable Portfolio Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy technologies? To investigate this question I focus on how a renewable portfolio standard (RPS) interacts

77

TurboCap: A Batteryless, Supercapacitor-based Power Supply for Mini-FDPM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TurboCap: A Batteryless, Supercapacitor-based Power Supply for Mini-FDPM Chulsung Park1 , KeunsikCap, a batteryless, supercapacitor-based power supply subsystem for a handheld, laser-based breast cancer detector on the selection of supercapacitor topology for conversion efficiency and for form- factor minimization

Shinozuka, Masanobu

78

Operational Compliance Levers, Environmental Performance, and Firm Performance Under Cap and Trade Regulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cap and trade programs impose limits on industry emissions but offer individual firms the flexibility to choose among different operational levers toward compliance, including inputs, process changes, and the use of allowances to account for emissions. ... Keywords: cap and trade, empirical research, environmental compliance, environmental operations, public policy

James Kroes; Ravi Subramanian; Ramanath Subramanyam

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

PGCapping: exploiting power gating for power capping and core lifetime balancing in CMPs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimizing the performance of a chip multiprocessor (CMP) within a power cap has recently received a lot of attention. However, most existing solutions rely solely on DVFS, which is anticipated to have only limited actuation ranges in the future. Power ... Keywords: chip multiprocessor, control theory, lifetime balancing, power capping, power control, power gating

Kai Ma; Xiaorui Wang

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

CO{sub 2} Cap-and-Trade: should industry speak up or sign on?  

SciTech Connect

Should the energy community support cap-and-trade and work for a common sense method of regulation? If cap-and-trade can be expected to be a major policy blunder, would the wiser course be to support a carbon tax rather than become enablers to a failure that later may be laid at the door of the energy community? (author)

Winters, Tobey

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Charge Transfer through Terthiophene End-Capped Poly(arylene ethynylene)s  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transfer through Terthiophene End-Capped Poly(arylene ethynylene)s Transfer through Terthiophene End-Capped Poly(arylene ethynylene)s Alison M. Funston, Eric E. Silverman, John R. Miller, and Kirk S. Schanze J. Phys. Chem. B, 108, 1544 - 1555 (2004). [Find paper at ACS Publications] Abstract: Two poly(arylene ethynylene)s (PAEs) that are end-capped with a-terthiophene (T3) groups were prepared and structurally characterized by proton NMR, GPC, and optical spectroscopy. One of the polymers (T3PPE13) features a backbone structure that alternates phenylene ethynylene and bis(alkoxy)phenylene ethynylene repeat units. The second T3 end-capped polymer (T3PBpE12) features an alternating structure with biphenylene ethynylene and bis(alkoxy)phenylene ethynylene repeats. The absorption spectra of the T3 end-capped polymers are almost the same as those of the

82

Incorporating Cold Cap Behavior in a Joule-heated Waste Glass Melter Model  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, an overview of Joule-heated waste glass melters used in the vitrification of high level waste (HLW) is presented, with a focus on the cold cap region. This region, in which feed-to-glass conversion reactions occur, is critical in determining the melting properties of any given glass melter. An existing 1D computer model of the cold cap, implemented in MATLAB, is described in detail. This model is a standalone model that calculates cold cap properties based on boundary conditions at the top and bottom of the cold cap. Efforts to couple this cold cap model with a 3D STAR-CCM+ model of a Joule-heated melter are then described. The coupling is being implemented in ModelCenter, a software integration tool. The ultimate goal of this model is to guide the specification of melter parameters that optimize glass quality and production rate.

Varija Agarwal; Donna Post Guillen

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Regulatory sequences within DQ. cap alpha. and DQ. beta  

SciTech Connect

The Class II Histocompatibility Antigen DQ is characterized by tissue specific expression, relatively late appearance in development and modulation of expression in response to gamma interferon, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), and prostaglandins of the E series. They have utilized the sensitive reporter function of chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) in transient expression assays to screen for the presence of regulatory regions within the DQ..cap alpha.. and DQ..beta.. genes. Two regions have been identified which stimulate CAT transcription in transfected cells. One region includes the first intron of DQ..beta.. and the other region brackets the first exon of DQ/sup 2/. These regions are both tissue specific in their stimulation of CAT transcription i.e., both regions stimulate transcription more effectively in a DQ expressing B cell line (BJAB) than in a DQ negative T cell line (Jurkat). Additionally, the CAT plasmids containing the first intron of DQ..beta.. appear to be gamma interferon responsive. Transfection of these plasmids into BJAB followed by treatment of the cells with gamma interferon for 24 hours results in a doubling of the CAT transcription. This increase is analogous to the endogenous DQ response to gamma interferon. These two regions undoubtedly contribute to the complex regulation of DQ expression.

Sullivan, K.; Peterlin, B.M.

1986-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

84

A sampling device with a capped body and detachable handle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a device for sampling radioactive waste and more particularly to a device for sampling radioactive waste which prevents contamination of a sampled material and the environment surrounding the sampled material. During vitrification of nuclear wastes, it is necessary to remove contamination from the surfaces of canisters filled with radioactive glass. After removal of contamination, a sampling device is used to test the surface of the canister. The one piece sampling device currently in use creates a potential for spreading contamination during vitrification operations. During operations, the one piece sampling device is transferred into and out of the vitrification cell through a transfer drawer. Inside the cell, a remote control device handles the sampling device to wipe the surface of the canister. A one piece sampling device can be contaminated by the remote control device prior to use. Further, the sample device can also contaminate the transfer drawer producing false readings for radioactive material. The present invention overcomes this problem by enclosing the sampling pad in a cap. The removable handle is reused which reduces the amount of waste material.

Jezek, Gerd-Rainer

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

MC4523 Sealed Cap: Component & characteristics development report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The MC4523 Sealed Cap is a WW42C1 Percussion Primer that is pressed into a steel cylinder. Hermaticity of the input end is then provided by welding a thin steel closure disk on the input end of the MC4523. Thus, the user is provided with a component that is prequalified in terms of ignition sensitivity and hermeticity. The first customer is the Thermal Battery Department (1522). The MC4523 will be used on the MC2736A Thermal Battery which in turn will be used on the W78 JTA. Attachment of the MC4523 to the battery is with a laser weld. Combined test results of four production lots at a commercial supplier (PPI, TMS, WR1, and WR2) show an all-fire ignition sensitivity (.999 @ 50%) of approximately 60 millijoules of mechanical energy with a 2.2 gram firing pin. The firing pin had an impact tip with a radius of 0.020 inch. This firing pin is like that to be used in the W78 JTA application. Approximately 112 millijoules of mechanical energy will be supplied in the application, thus the design margin is more than adequate.

Begeal, D.R.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Fine and Microstructure Observations on a Hydrographic Section from the Azores to the Flemish Cap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Continuous conductivity-temperature-depth-dissolved-oxygen (CTD) data are used to investigate the spatial distribution of fine and microstructure between the Azores and Flemish Cap. The CTD data are used to calculate a conductivity-microstructure ...

Daniel T. Georgi; Raymond W. Schmitt

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

CapLibrate: Self-Calibration of an Energy Harvesting Power Supply with Supercapacitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CapLibrate: Self-Calibration of an Energy Harvesting Power Supply with Supercapacitors Christian and assess models for a supercapacitor- based harvesting supply. The parameters of the models are discussed

Turau, Volker

88

Investigation of the Turbulent Structure of a Cloud-Capped Mixed Layer Using Doppler Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for retrieving air velocity fluctuations in the cloud-capped boundary layer (BL) using radar reflectivity and the Doppler velocity fields is proposed. The method was developed on the basis of data obtained by the Transportable ...

M. Pinsky; O. Krasnov; H. W. J. Russchenberg; A. Khain

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

A family of complete caps in PG(n,2) - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P. Lisonek, M. Khatirinejad, A family of complete caps in PG(n,2). Designs, Codes and Cryptography 35 (2005), 259-270. We give a combinatorial construction of ...

90

Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a cap-and-trade program which covers the electricity sectorcap and trade programs, by focusing on the electricityand-trade program that will initially encompass large stationary sources (primarily electricity) and

Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Combining a renewable portfolio standard with a cap-and-trade policy : a general equilibrium analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most economists see incentive-based measures such a cap-and-trade system or a carbon tax as cost effective policy instruments for limiting greenhouse gas emissions. In actuality, many efforts to address GHG emissions combine ...

Morris Jennifer F. (Jennifer Faye)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Combining a Renewable Portfolio Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: A General Equilibrium Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many efforts to address greenhouse gas emissions combine a cap-and-trade system with other measures such as a renewable portfolio standard. In this paper we use a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, the MIT Emissions ...

Morris, Jennifer

93

Evaluating Renewable Portfolio Standards and Carbon Cap Scenarios in the U.S. Electric Sector  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the impact of various renewable portfolio standards (RPS) and cap-and-trade policy options on the U.S. electricity sector, focusing mainly on renewable energy generation. The analysis uses the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model that simulates the least-cost expansion of electricity generation capacity and transmission in the United States to examine the impact of an emissions cap--similar to that proposed in the Waxman-Markey bill (H.R. 2454)--as well as lower and higher cap scenarios. It also examines the effects of combining various RPS targets with the emissions caps. The generation mix, carbon emissions, and electricity price are examined for various policy combinations to simulate the effect of implementing policies simultaneously.

Bird, L.; Chapman, C.; Logan, J.; Sumner, J.; Short, W.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Numerical Simulations of a Stratocumulus-Capped Boundary Layer Observed over Land  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detailed observations of both mean and turbulence fields of an anticyclonic, quasi-steady state, stratocumulus-capped boundary layer obtained with ground-based and balloonborne equipment during the night of 19/20 November 1976 at Cardington, ...

Chih-Yue Jim Kao; Tetsuji Yamada

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Signatures of Pulsar Polar-Cap Emission at the High-Energy Spectral Cut-off  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address four unique signatures in pulsar gamma-ray radiation as predicted by polar-cap models. These signatures are expected to be present nearby the spectral high-energy cutoff at around several GeV. Their magnitude and, therefore, their observability depends strongly on the orientational factors, the rotation, as well as on the details of the polar cap structure. These strong predictions are likely to be verified by the NASA's future gamma-ray mission GLAST.

J. Dyks; B. Rudak

2003-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

96

Evaluation of an Ecolotree TM CAP for Closure of Coal Ash Disposal Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Once they are filled or become inactive, coal ash disposal ponds at power plant sites must meet state and federal regulations for permanent closure. In-place closure of ash ponds typically requires an impermeable cover to protect groundwater from leachate generated by stormwater infiltration through the ash. This report documents the construction, maintenance, and performance of the EcolotreeTM Cap (Tree Cap) -- an ash pond closure alternative consisting of poplar trees, grasses, and surface soil amendme...

1999-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

97

MuCap: Muon capture on the proton to determine the pseudoscalar coupling, gp  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The MuCap collaboration has measured the capture rate of the muon on the proton and reported its first value for the weak pseudoscalar coupling: gp 7.3{+-}1.1. To achieve 5% uncertainty on gp, many hardware upgrades were implemented for the subsequent 2006-2007 running periods. These improvements are described and the outlook for MuCap and the followup experiment, MuSun, is discussed.

Kiburg, Brendan [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

98

Cold cap subsidence for in situ vitrification and electrodes therefor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrode for use in in situ vitrification of soil comprises a molybdenum rod received within a conductive sleeve or collar formed of graphite. Electrodes of this type are placed on either side of a region containing buried waste material and an electric current is passed therebetween for vitrifying the soil between the electrodes. The graphite collar enhances the thermal conductivity of the electrode, bringing heat to the surface, and preventing the formation of a cold cap of material above the ground surface. The annulus between the molybdenum rod electrode and the graphite collar is filled with a conductive ceramic powder of a type that sinters upon the molybdenum rod, protecting the same from oxidation as the graphite material is consumed, or a metal powder which liquifies at operating temperatures. The molybdenum rod in the former case may be coated with an oxidation protectant, e.g. of molybdenum disilicide. As insulative blanket is suitably placed on the surface of the soil during processing to promote subsidence by allowing off-gassing and reducing surface heat loss. In other embodiments, connection to vitrification electrodes is provided below ground level to avoid loss of connection due to electrodes deterioration, or a sacrificial electrode may be employed when operation is started. Outboard electrodes can be utilized to square up the vitrified area. Further, the center of the molybdenum rod can be made hollow and filled with a powdered metal, such as copper, which liquifies at operating temperatures. In one embodiment, the molybdenum rod and the graphite collar are physically joined at the bottom.

Buelt, James L. (Richland, WA); Carter, John G. (Richland, WA); Eschbach, Eugene A. (Richland, WA); FitzPatrick, Vincent F. (Richland, WA); Koehmstedt, Paul L. (Richland, WA); Morgan, William C. (Richland, WA); Oma, Kenton H. (Richland, WA); Timmerman, Craig L. (Richland, WA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Labyrinth for an ignition distributor cap and rotor assembly with atmospheric purging action  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an ignition distributor to work with spark plug electrodes, a rotor electrode, a coil electrode and a shaft for an internal combustion engine with cylinders, the ignition distributor comprising: a bowl shaped housing; a distributor cap comprising: a generally dome shape with a generally hollow interior and with a circular shaped bottom to mate with the bowl shaped housing; spark towers equal in number to the number of cylinders of the internal combustion engine, projecting up from the top of the dome shape and slotted to accept spark plug electrodes and allow them to protrude into the distributor cap interior for communication with the rotor electrode; a vent tower projecting up from the top of the dome shape and provided with a vent port through to the distributor cap interior to allow for the outward flow of the atmosphere inside the distributor cap and bowl shaped housing; a coil tower projecting up from the top of the dome shape and slotted to accept a coil electrode and allow it to protrude into the distributor cap interior for communication with the rotor electrode; an inner labyrinth of annular shape on the interior surface of the dome shape surround the coil electrode and protruding into the hollow interior of the dome shape; and an outer labyrinth of annular shape on the interior surface of the dome shape surrounding the inner labyrinth thereby forming an annular channel.

Kronberger, L.J.

1986-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

100

Festival Re-Cap: Energy Bikes, Levitated Trains and 3D Virtual Rides |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Festival Re-Cap: Energy Bikes, Levitated Trains and 3D Virtual Festival Re-Cap: Energy Bikes, Levitated Trains and 3D Virtual Rides Festival Re-Cap: Energy Bikes, Levitated Trains and 3D Virtual Rides October 27, 2010 - 5:29pm Addthis Students experiment with steel balls on a track as they learn about energy exchange during collisions during the USA Science and Engineering Festival held on the National Mall October 23-24. Students experiment with steel balls on a track as they learn about energy exchange during collisions during the USA Science and Engineering Festival held on the National Mall October 23-24. Director Brinkman Director Brinkman Director of the Office of Science I was delighted that the first ever USA Science and Engineering Festival on the National Mall Oct. 23-24 proved to be a fun-filled weekend event for

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101

Wind Developer's Perspective on Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade Program  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Developer's Perspective Developer's Perspective on Incorporating Wind in Cap & Trade Programs January 12, 2006 Kevin Rackstraw Clipper Windpower, Inc. Clipper Windpower, Inc. 301/263 301/263- -0028 0028 krackstraw@clipperwind.com krackstraw@clipperwind.com About Clipper Windpower * Founded by James Dehlsen, a wind energy pioneer and recognized world leader in the wind industry, and founder of the company that is now GE Wind * Team is one of the most experienced in the business * Both a developer of wind projects and manufacturer of large wind turbines * Over $1.5 billion of wind projects developed * Another $4 billion of wind projects in the development pipeline Motivations * Emissions reduction claims: * In cap and trade states, neither we nor our marketers can state that we reduce capped emissions w/out allowances

102

Capping the electricity cost of cloud-scale data centers with impacts on power markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a novel electricity cost capping algorithm that not only minimizes the electricity cost of operating cloud-scale data centers, but also enforces a cost budget on the monthly electricity bill. Our solution first explicitly models the impacts of power demands on electricity prices and the power consumption of cooling and networking in the minimization of electricity cost. In the second step, if the electricity cost exceeds a desired monthly budget due to unexpectedly high workloads, our solution guarantees the quality of service for premium customers and trades off the request throughput of ordinary customers. We formulate electricity cost capping as two related constrained optimization problems and propose an efficient algorithm based on mixed integer programming. Simulation results show that our solution outperforms the state-ofthe-art solutions by having lower electricity costs and achieves desired cost capping with maximized request throughput.

Yanwei Zhang; Yefu Wang; Xiaorui Wang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Root Cause Analysis (RCA) & Corrective Action Plan (CAP) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Root Cause Analysis Root Cause Analysis (RCA) & Corrective Action Plan (CAP) Root Cause Analysis (RCA) & Corrective Action Plan (CAP) Improving the Department of Energy's project and contract management continues to be one of the Department's management priorities. Excellence in this area helps ensure that DOE's programs and projects meet DOE's strategic objectives, provide value to the American taxpayer, and foster public confidence in DOE's ability to manage its responsibilities. As part of our effort to build a strong project and contract management foundation, a root cause analysis (RCA) was developed through extensive collaboration between DOE's Headquarters and field project, contract, and financial management professionals, and in coordination with the Office of

104

A cheap and effective CO{sub 2} cap-and-trade for electricity  

SciTech Connect

Now that debate has shifted from regional toward federal cap-and-trade policy, it's time to reintroduce the idea of using reduction credits rather than allowances to drive emission reductions. A credit system appears to work well to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions with minimal compliance cost - and without windfall, wealth transfer, or market power concerns. It also provides a strong incentive for renewable energy and energy efficiency, and a ready means to harmonize a federal cap-and-trade with state and federal renewable energy portfolio requirements. (author)

Michel, Steven

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

105

An oleic acid-capped CdSe quantum-dot sensitized solar cell  

SciTech Connect

In this letter, we report an oleic acid (OA)-capped CdSe quantum-dot sensitized solar cell (QDSSC) with an improved performance. The TiO{sub 2}/OA-CdSe photoanode in a two-electrode device exhibited a photon-to-current conversion efficiency of 17.5% at 400 nm. At AM1.5G irradiation with 100 mW/cm{sup 2} light intensity, the QDSSCs based on OA-capped CdSe showed a power conversion efficiency of about 1%. The function of OA was to increase QD loading, extend the absorption range and possibly suppress the surface recombination.

Chen Jing [School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China); School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Song, J. L.; Deng, W. Q. [Division of Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Science, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637616 (Singapore); Sun, X. W. [School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Institute of Microelectronics, 11 Science Park Road, Science Park II, Singapore 117685 (Singapore); Jiang, C. Y. [Institute of Microelectronics, 11 Science Park Road, Science Park II, Singapore 117685 (Singapore); Lei, W. [School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China); Huang, J. H.; Liu, R. S. [Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)

2009-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

106

DuraCap: a Supercapacitor-Based, Power-Bootstrapping, Maximum Power Point Tracking Energy-Harvesting System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DuraCap: a Supercapacitor-Based, Power-Bootstrapping, Maximum Power Point Tracking Energy that stores harvested energy in supercapacitors and is voltage-compatible with lithium-ion batteries. The use of supercapacitors instead of batter- ies enables DuraCap to extend the operational life time from tens of months

Shinozuka, Masanobu

107

Ex post evaluation of tradable permits : the U.S. SO? cap-and-trade program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. SO2 cap-and-trade program was established as a result of the enactment of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (1990 CAAA) under the authority granted by Title IV, which included several measures to reduce precursor ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy and Economic coordinated design of future climate and energy policy. In this work we use a computable general equilibrium No. 217 May 2012 #12;The MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change

109

Structure of the Antiviral Assembly Inhibitor CAP-1 Complex with the HIV-1 CA Protein  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The CA domain of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Gag polyprotein plays critical roles in both the early and late phases of viral replication and is therefore an attractive antiviral target. Compounds with antiviral activity were recently identified that bind to the N-terminal domain of CA (CA{sup N}) and inhibit capsid assembly during viral maturation. We have determined the structure of the complex between CA{sup N} and the antiviral assembly inhibitor N-(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)-N'-{l_brace}2-[({l_brace}5-[(dimethylamino)-methyl]-2-furyl{r_brace}-methyl)-sulfanyl]ethyl{r_brace}-urea (CAP-1) using a combination of NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. The protein undergoes a remarkable conformational change upon CAP-1 binding, in which Phe32 is displaced from its buried position in the protein core to open a deep hydrophobic cavity that serves as the ligand binding site. The aromatic ring of CAP-1 inserts into the cavity, with the urea NH groups forming hydrogen bonds with the backbone oxygen of Val59 and the dimethylamonium group interacting with the side-chains of Glu28 and Glu29. Elements that could be exploited to improve binding affinity are apparent in the structure. The displacement of Phe32 by CAP-1 appears to be facilitated by a strained main-chain conformation, which suggests a potential role for a Phe32 conformational switch during normal capsid assembly.

Kelly,B.; Kyere, S.; Kinde, I.; Tang, C.; Howard, B.; Robinson, H.; Sundquist, W.; Summers, M.; Hill, C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Numerical Simulations of the Marine Stratocumulus-Capped Boundary Layer and Its Diurnal Variation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-resolution one-dimensional version of a second-order turbulence radiative–convective model, developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory, is used to simulate the diurnal cycle of the marine stratocumulus cloud-capped boundary layer. The ...

W. S. Smith; C-Y. J. Kao

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

GPS tomography in the polar cap: comparison with ionosondes and in situ spacecraft data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tomographic 4D reconstructions of ionospheric anomalies appearing in the high-latitude polar cap region are compared with plasma density measurements by digital ionosonde located near the north magnetic pole at Eureka station and with in situ plasma ... Keywords: GPS tomography, Geomagnetic storms, Ionosphere

Dimitry Pokhotelov; P. T. Jayachandran; Cathryn N. Mitchell; John W. Macdougall; Michael H. Denton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Capping the Brown Energy Consumption of Internet Services at Low Cost  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy" (produced via carbon-intensive means) relative to renewable or "green" energy. This paper current efficiency trends, this gigantic amount of energy will have nearly doubled by 2011 for an overall-intensive energy as "brown" energy, in contrast with "green" or renewable energy.) We argue that placing caps

Martonosi, Margaret

113

Price-Cap Regulation for Transmission: Objectives and Tariffs Yong T. Yoon Marija D. Ilifi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) is the price for transmission portions of electric services. Qz[k] denotes the injection at bus i and V1[k the optimal possible, and the relative price for the transmission portion of electricity services are muchPrice-Cap Regulation for Transmission: Objectives and Tariffs Yong T. Yoon Marija D. Ilifi IEEE

Ilic, Marija D.

114

EPA 402-B-92-001 USER'S GUIDE FOR CAP88-PC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emissions to air. CAP-88 is composed of modified versions of AIRDOS-EPA (Mo79) and DARTAB (ORNL5692 of Radionuclides", (Reprint of ORNL-5532), EPA 520/1-79-009, U.S. EPA Office of Radiation Programs, Washington, D

115

Design document for landfill capping Prototype Decision Support System. Draft 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall objective of the Prototype Decision Support System for shallow land burial project is to ``Develop a Decision Support System tool which incorporates simulation modeling and multi-objective decision theory for the purpose of designing and evaluating alternative trench cap designs for mixed waste landfill covers. The goal is to improve the quality of technical information used by the risk manager to select landfill cover designs while taking into account technological, economical, and regulatory factors.`` The complexity of the technical and non-technical information, and how the information varies in importance across sites, points to the need for decision analysis tools that provide a common basis for integrating, synthesizing, and valuing the decision input. Because the cost of remediating thousands of contaminated DOE sites is projected to be in the 10`s--100`s of billions of dollars, methods will be needed to establish cleanup priorities and to help in the selection and evaluation of cost effective remediation alternatives. Even at this early stage in DOE`s cleanup program, it is certain that capping technologies will be heavily relied upon to remediate the 3000+ landfills on DOE property. Capping is favored in remediating most DOE landfills because, based on preliminary baseline risk assessments, human and ecological risks are considered to be low at most of these sites and the regulatory requirements for final closure of old landfills can be met using a well designed cap to isolate the buried waste. This report describes a program plan to design, develop, and test a decision support system (DSS) for assisting the DOE risk manager in evaluating capping alternatives for radioactive and hazardous waste landfills. The DOE DSS will incorporate methods for calculating, integrating and valuing technical, regulatory, and economic criteria.

Stone, J.J.; Paige, G.; Hakonson, T.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Lane, L.J. [USDA-ARS Southwest Watershed Research Center, Tucson, AZ (United State)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Preliminary assessment of high-resistivity cap-rock shale in the Frio Formation of the Texas Gulf Coast. Annual report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Mapping of high resistivity cap rock shales in the Frio Formation of the Texas Gulf Coast shows that few areas of thin cap rock occur in the upper Texas Gulf Coast, and more extensive, thicker cap rock occurs in the lower Texas Gulf Coast. Increases in (1) maximum shale resistivity, (2) unstable minerals (volcanic rock fragments, detrital carbonate grains), and (3) authigenic cementation parallel the increase in cap rock from the upper to the lower Gulf Coast. Similarity in cap rock distribution in two major Frio deltaic depocenters is not evident. Facies analysis of regional cross sections in the lower Texas Gulf Coast and of cross sections in Sarita East field, Kenedy County, shows preferential development of cap rock in the delta-front/slope facies of the Norias delta system. Sand content of the cap rock interval varies from 23 to 41 percent in part of Sarita East field, suggesting that if cap rock is due to authigenic cementation, such sands may act as fluid conduits during mineralization. Cap rock is rarely developed in the shale-rich prodelta and distal delta-front facies. High resistivity cap rock shales have been considered a result of authigenic calcite cementation, but definite evidence for this origin is lacking. Preliminary mineralogic analyses of well cuttings have not yielded satisfactory results. Analysis of core through cap rock and non-cap rock intervals will be required to determine the mineralogic variability within each interval and to accurately assess any mineralogic control of the high resistivity log response.

Finley, R.J.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Evaluating Renewable Portfolio Standards and Carbon Cap Scenarios in the U.S. Electric Sector  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

258 258 May 2010 Evaluating Renewable Portfolio Standards and Carbon Cap Scenarios in the U.S. Electric Sector Lori Bird, Caroline Chapman, Jeff Logan, Jenny Sumner, and Walter Short National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A2-48258 May 2010 Evaluating Renewable Portfolio Standards and Carbon Cap Scenarios in the U.S. Electric Sector Lori Bird, Caroline Chapman, Jeff Logan, Jenny Sumner, and Walter Short Prepared under Task No. SAO9.2038 NOTICE

118

Cap plasticity models and compactive and dilatant pre-failure deformation  

SciTech Connect

At low mean stresses, porous geomaterials fail by shear localization, and at higher mean stresses, they undergo strain-hardening behavior. Cap plasticity models attempt to model this behavior using a pressure-dependent shear yield and/or shear limit-state envelope with a hardening or hardening/softening elliptical end cap to define pore collapse. While these traditional models describe compactive yield and ultimate shear failure, difficulties arise when the behavior involves a transition from compactive to dilatant deformation that occurs before the shear failure or limit-state shear stress is reached. In this work, a continuous surface cap plasticity model is used to predict compactive and dilatant pre-failure deformation. During loading the stress point can pass freely through the critical state point separating compactive from dilatant deformation. The predicted volumetric strain goes from compactive to dilatant without the use of a non-associated flow rule. The new model is stable in that Drucker's stability postulates are satisfied. The study has applications to several geosystems of current engineering interest (oil and gas reservoirs, nuclear waste repositories, buried targets, and depleted reservoirs for possible use for subsurface sequestration of greenhouse gases).

FOSSUM,ARLO F.; FREDRICH,JOANNE T.

2000-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

119

SEQUESTRATION OF METALS IN ACTIVE CAP MATERIALS: A LABORATORY AND NUMERICAL EVALUATION  

SciTech Connect

Active capping involves the use of capping materials that react with sediment contaminants to reduce their toxicity or bioavailability. Although several amendments have been proposed for use in active capping systems, little is known about their long-term ability to sequester metals. Recent research has shown that the active amendment apatite has potential application for metals contaminated sediments. The focus of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of apatite in the sequestration of metal contaminants through the use of short-term laboratory column studies in conjunction with predictive, numerical modeling. A breakthrough column study was conducted using North Carolina apatite as the active amendment. Under saturated conditions, a spike solution containing elemental As, Cd, Co, Se, Pb, Zn, and a non-reactive tracer was injected into the column. A sand column was tested under similar conditions as a control. Effluent water samples were periodically collected from each column for chemical analysis. Relative to the non-reactive tracer, the breakthrough of each metal was substantially delayed by the apatite. Furthermore, breakthrough of each metal was substantially delayed by the apatite compared to the sand column. Finally, a simple 1-D, numerical model was created to qualitatively predict the long-term performance of apatite based on the findings from the column study. The results of the modeling showed that apatite could delay the breakthrough of some metals for hundreds of years under typical groundwater flow velocities.

Dixon, K.; Knox, A.

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

120

Wind Tunnel Study of Turbulent Flow Structure in the Convective Boundary Layer Capped by a Temperature Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments on simulating the atmospheric convective boundary layer (CBL), capped by a temperature inversion and affected by surface shear, were carried out in the thermally stratified wind tunnel of the Institute of Hydrology and Water Resources,...

Evgeni Fedorovich; Rolf Kaiser; Matthias Rau; Erich Plate

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Tuning of the optical properties of [11k] grown InAs quantum dots by the capping layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional k.p calculation including strain and piezoelectricity shows that for large [11k] grown QD, the presence of an (In,Ga)As capping layer leads to an increase of the optical transition energy, in contrast to the expected decrease. The ... Keywords: 71.35.Ji, 71.70.Gm, 73.21.La, 78.20.Ls, Capping, High index surfaces, K.p theory, Quantum dots

V. Mlinar; F. M. Peeters

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Energy Market and Economic Impacts Proposal to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Intensity with a Cap and Trade System  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), in response to a September 27, 2006, request from Senators Bingaman, Landrieu, Murkowski, Specter, Salazar, and Lugar. The Senators requested that EIA assess the impacts of a proposal that would regulate emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) through an allowance cap-and-trade system. The program would set the cap to achieve a reduction in emissions relative to economic output, or greenhouse gas intensity.

John J. Conti

2007-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

123

Interactions of Cost-Containment Measures and Linking of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap-and-Trade Programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many recent greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions cap-and-trade proposals in the United States0150including proposals in the Northeast, California, and at the national level0150include specific measures designed to contain the potential compliance costs of the proposed programs. These cost-containment measures include "new" provisions not included in existing emissions trading programs0150notably a "safety valve" that would cap the allowance price0150as well as provisions such as banking or the use of offsets t...

2006-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

124

Testing, Modeling, and Monitoring to Enable Simpler, Cheaper, Longer-Lived Surface Caps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Society has and will continue to generate hazardous wastes whose risks must be managed. For exceptionally toxic, long-lived, and feared waste, the solution is deep burial, e.g., deep geological disposal at Yucca Mtn. For some waste, recycle or destruction/treatment is possible. The alternative for other wastes is storage at or near the ground level (in someone’s back yard); most of these storage sites include a surface barrier (cap) to prevent downward water migration. Some of the hazards will persist indefinitely. As society and regulators have demanded additional proof that caps are robust against more threats and for longer time periods, the caps have become increasingly complex and expensive. As in other industries, increased complexity will eventually increase the difficulty in estimating performance, in monitoring system/component performance, and in repairing or upgrading barriers as risks are managed. An approach leading to simpler, less expensive, longer-lived, more manageable caps is needed. Our project, which started in April 2002, aims to catalyze a Barrier Improvement Cycle (iterative learning and application) and thus enable Remediation System Performance Management (doing the right maintenance neither too early nor too late). The knowledge gained and the capabilities built will help verify the adequacy of past remedial decisions, improve barrier management, and enable improved solutions for future decisions. We believe it will be possible to develop simpler, longer-lived, less expensive caps that are easier to monitor, manage, and repair. The project is planned to: a) improve the knowledge of degradation mechanisms in times shorter than service life; b) improve modeling of barrier degradation dynamics; c) develop sensor systems to identify early degradation; and d) provide a better basis for developing and testing of new barrier systems. This project combines selected exploratory studies (benchtop and field scale), coupled effects accelerated aging testing at the intermediate meso-scale, testing of new monitoring concepts, and modeling of dynamic systems. The emphasis on meso-scale (coupled) tests, accelerated effects testing, and dynamic modeling differentiates the project from other efforts, while simultaneously building on that body of knowledge. The performance of evapotranspiration, capillary, and grout-based barriers is being examined. To date, the project can report new approaches to the problem, building new experimental and modeling capabilities, and a few preliminary results.

Piet, Steven James; Breckenridge, Robert Paul; Burns, Douglas Edward

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Testing, Modeling, and Monitoring to Enable Simpler, Cheaper, Longer-lived Surface Caps  

SciTech Connect

Society has and will continue to generate hazardous wastes whose risks must be managed. For exceptionally toxic, long-lived, and feared waste, the solution is deep burial, e.g., deep geological disposal at Yucca Mtn. For some waste, recycle or destruction/treatment is possible. The alternative for other wastes is storage at or near the ground level (in someone's back yard); most of these storage sites include a surface barrier (cap) to prevent downward water migration. Some of the hazards will persist indefinitely. As society and regulators have demanded additional proof that caps are robust against more threats and for longer time periods, the caps have become increasingly complex and expensive. As in other industries, increased complexity will eventually increase the difficulty in estimating performance, in monitoring system/component performance, and in repairing or upgrading barriers as risks are managed. An approach leading to simpler, less expensive, longer-lived, more manageable caps is needed. Our project, which started in April 2002, aims to catalyze a Barrier Improvement Cycle (iterative learning and application) and thus enable Remediation System Performance Management (doing the right maintenance neither too early nor too late). The knowledge gained and the capabilities built will help verify the adequacy of past remedial decisions, improve barrier management, and enable improved solutions for future decisions. We believe it will be possible to develop simpler, longer-lived, less expensive caps that are easier to monitor, manage, and repair. The project is planned to: (a) improve the knowledge of degradation mechanisms in times shorter than service life; (b) improve modeling of barrier degradation dynamics; (c) develop sensor systems to identify early degradation; and (d) provide a better basis for developing and testing of new barrier systems. This project combines selected exploratory studies (benchtop and field scale), coupled effects accelerated aging testing at the intermediate meso-scale, testing of new monitoring concepts, and modeling of dynamic systems. The emphasis on meso-scale (coupled) tests, accelerated effects testing, and dynamic modeling differentiates the project from other efforts, while simultaneously building on that body of knowledge. The performance of evapotranspiration, capillary, and grout-based barriers is being examined. To date, the project can report new approaches to the problem, building new experimental and modeling capabilities, and a few preliminary results.

Piet, S. J.; Breckenridge, R. P.; Burns, D. E.

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

126

WORKINGPAPER SERIES Number 150CAP AND DIVIDEND: HOW TO CURB GLOBAL WARMING WHILE PROTECTING THE INCOMES OF AMERICAN FAMILIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This essay examines the distributional effects of a “cap-and-dividend ” policy for reducing carbon emission in the United States: a policy that auctions carbon permits and rebates the revenue to the public on an equal per capita basis. The aim of the policy is to reduce U.S. emissions of carbon dioxide, the main pollutant causing global warming, while at the same time protecting the real incomes of middle-income and lower-income American families. The number of permits is set by a statutory cap on carbon emissions that gradually diminishes over time. The sale of carbon permits will generate very large revenues, posing the critical question of who will get the money. The introduction of carbon permits – or, for that matter, any policy to curb emissions – will raise prices of fossil fuels, Key words: Global warming; fossil fuels; climate change; carbon permits; cap-and-dividend; cap-and-auction; cap-and-trade. and have a regressive impact on income distribution, since fuel expenditures represent a larger fraction of income for lower-income households than for upper-income households. The net effect of carbon emission-reduction policies depends on who gets the money that households pay in higher prices. We find that a cap-and-dividend policy would have a strongly progressive net effect. Moreover, the majority of U.S. households would be net winners in purely monetary terms: that is, their real incomes, after paying higher fuel prices and receiving their dividends, would rise. From the standpoints of both distributional equity and political feasibility, a cap-and-dividend policy is therefore an attractive way to curb carbon emissions. s s

James K. Boyce; Matthew Riddle; James K. Boyce; Matthew Riddle

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Basis and implications of the CAP88 age-specific dose coefficients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent versions of CAP88 incorporate age-specific dose coefficients based on biokinetic and dosimetric models applied in Federal Guidance Report 13, Cancer Risk Coefficients for Environmental Exposure to Radionuclides (EPA 1999). With a few exceptions the models are those recommended in a series of reports by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) on estimation of doses to the public from environmental radionuclides. This paper describes the basis for the ICRP s age-specific biokinetic and dosimetric models and examines differences with age in the derived dose coefficients and in estimates of dose per unit exposure based on those coefficients.

Leggett, Richard Wayne [ORNL; Scofield, Patricia A [ORNL; Eckerman, Keith F [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

NETL: Mercury Emissions Control Technologies - Evaluation of MerCAP for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation of MerCAP(tm) for Power Plant Mercury Control Evaluation of MerCAP(tm) for Power Plant Mercury Control URS Group and its test team will perform research to further develop the novel Mercury Control via Adsorption Process (MerCAP™). The general MerCAP™ concept is to place fixed structures into a flue gas stream to adsorb mercury and then periodically regenerate them and recover the captured mercury. EPRI has shown that gold-based sorbents can achieve high levels of mercury removal in scrubbed flue gases. URS is proposing tests at two power plants using gold MerCAP™, installed downstream of either a baghouse or wet scrubber, to evaluate mercury removal from flue gas over a period of 6 months. At Great River Energy’s Stanton Station, which burns North Dakota lignite, sorbent structures will be retrofitted into a single compartment in the Unit 10 baghouse enabling reaction with a 6 MWe equivalence of flue gas. At Southern Company Services’ Plant Yates, which burns Eastern bituminous coal, gold-coated plates will be configured as a mist eliminator (ME) located downstream of a 1 MWe pilot wet absorber , which receives flue gas from Unit 1.

129

Electron energy losses near pulsar polar caps: a Monte Carlo approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use Monte Carlo approach to study the energetics of electrons accelerated in a pulsar polar gap. As energy-loss mechanisms we consider magnetic Compton scattering of thermal X-ray photons and curvature radiation. The results are compared with previous calculations which assumed that changes of electron energy occurred smoothly according to approximations for the average energy loss rate due to the Compton scattering. We confirm a general dependence of efficiency of electron energy losses due to inverse Compton mechanism on the temperature and size of a thermal polar cap and on the pulsar magnetic field. However, we show that trajectories of electrons in energy-altitude space as calculated in the smooth way do not always coincide with averaged Monte Carlo behaviour. In particular, for pulsars with high magnetic field strength ($B_{pc} > 3\\times 10^{12}$ G) and low thermal polar cap temperatures ($T < 5\\times 10^6$ K) final electron Lorentz factors computed with the two methods may differ by a few orders of magnitude. We discuss consequences for particular objects with identified thermal X-ray spectral components like Geminga, Vela, and PSR B1055-52.

J. Dyks; B. Rudak

2000-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

130

Electric field screening by a proton counterflow in the pulsar polar cap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a new mechanism to screen the electric field in the pulsar polar cap. Previous studies have shown that if an electron beam from the stellar surface is accelerated to energies high enough to create electron-positron pairs, the required electric field parallel to the magnetic field lines is too strong to be screened out by the produced pairs. We argue here that if non-relativistic protons are supplied from the magnetosphere to flow towards the stellar surface, they can provide an anode to screen out such a strong electric field. Injected electron-positron pairs yield an asymmetry of the electrostatic potential around the screening point. The required pair creation rate in this model is consistent with the conventional models.

Katsuaki Asano; Fumio Takahara

2004-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

131

High Efficiency Thermionics (HET-IV) and Converter Advancement (CAP) programs. Final reports  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report contains the final report of the High Efficiency Thermionics (HET-IV) Program, Attachment A, performed at Rasor Associates, Inc. (RAI); and the final report of the Converter Advancement Program (CAP), performed at the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, Attachment B. The phenomenology of cesium-oxygen thermionic converters was elucidated in these programs, and the factors that had prevented the achievement of stable, enhanced cesium-oxygen converter performance for the previous thirty years were identified. Based on these discoveries, cesium-oxygen vapor sources were developed that achieved stable performance with factor-of-two improvements in power density and thermal efficiency, relative to conventional, cesium-only ignited mode thermionic converters. Key achievements of the HET-IV/CAP programs are as follows: a new technique for measuring minute traces of oxygen in cesium atmospheres; the determination of the proper range of oxygen partial pressures for optimum converter performance--10{sup {minus}7} to 10{sup {minus}9} torr; the discovery, and analysis of the cesium-oxygen liquid migration and compositional segregation phenomena; the successful use of capillary forces to contain the migration phenomenon; the use of differential heating to control compositional segregation, and induce vapor circulation; the development of mechanically and chemically stable, porous reservoir structures; the development of precise, in situ oxygen charging methods; stable improvements in emitter performance, up to effective emitter bare work functions of 5.4 eV; stable improvements in barrier index, to value below 1.8 Volts; the development of detailed microscopic models for cesium-oxygen reservoir dynamics and collector work function behavior; and the discovery of new relationships between electrode geometry and Schock Instability.

Geller, C.B.; Murray, C.S.; Riley, D.R. [Bettis Atomic Power Lab., West Mifflin, PA (United States)] [Bettis Atomic Power Lab., West Mifflin, PA (United States); Desplat, J.L.; Hansen, L.K.; Hatch, G.L.; McVey, J.B.; Rasor, N.S. [Rasor Associates, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States)] [Rasor Associates, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

High-energy emission from pulsars in polar-cap models with CR-induced cascades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For a subclass of polar-cap models based on electromagnetic cascades induced by curvature radiation (CR) we calculate broad-band high-energy spectra of pulsed emission expected for classical and millisecond pulsars. The spectra are a combination of curvature and synchrotron components. The spectrum of curvature component breaks at 150MeV, and neither its slope nor level below this energy are compatible with phase-averaged spectra of pulsed X-ray emission inferred from observations. Spectral properties in the combined energy range of ROSAT and ASCA (0.1 - 10 keV) depend upon the location of cyclotron turnover energy epsilon_ct=\\hbar{e B \\over m_e c} /sin(psi) in the synchrotron component. Unlike in outer-gap models, the available range of pitch angles psi is rather narrow and confined to low values. For classical pulsars, a gradual turnover begins already at 1MeV, and the level of the synchrotron spectrum decreases. At 10keV the curvature component eventually takes over, but with photon index alpha = 2/3, in disagreement with observations. For millisecond pulsars, the X-ray spectra are dominated by synchrotron component with alpha \\simeq 1.5, and a sharp turnover into alpha \\simeq -1 at epsilon_ct \\sim 100eV. Relations of pulsed luminosity L_X to spin-down luminosity \\edot are presented for classical and millisecond pulsars. We conclude that spectral properties and fluxes of pulsed non-thermal X-ray emission of some objects, like the Crab or the millisecond pulsar B1821-24, pose a challenge to the subclass of polar-cap models based on curvature and synchrotron radiation alone.

B. Rudak; J. Dyks

1998-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

133

Convergence and Disposal of Energy and Moisture on the Antarctic Polar Cap from ECMWF Reanalyses and Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diagnostics of energy and moisture transport and disposal over the Antarctic polar cap (70°S to the pole) and ice sheet are extracted from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) reanalysis archive over the 1979–93 period. ...

Christophe Genthon; Gerhard Krinner

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Effect of current density on thermodynamic properties of nanocrystalline palladium capped samarium hydride thin film switchable mirrors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 55 nm samarium film capped with a 10 nm palladium overlayer switched from a metallic reflecting to a semiconducting, transparent in visible state during ex-situ hydrogen loading via electrochemical means in 1 M KOH electrolytic aqueous solution at ...

Pushpendra Kumar; L. K. Malhotra

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Science, Technology, and Innovation: Imperatives for National...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Webinar Presentation: Energy Storage Solutions for Microgrids (November 2012) Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting Presentations June 2012 -...

136

Kinetics of Cold-Cap Reactions for Vitrification of Nuclear Waste Glass Based on Simultaneous Differential Scanning Calorimetry - Thermogravimetry (DSC-TGA) and Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For vitrifying nuclear waste glass, the feed, a mixture of waste with glass-forming and modifying additives, is charged onto the cold cap that covers 90?100% of the melt surface. The cold cap consists of a layer of reacting molten glass floating on the surface of the melt in an all-electric, continuous glass melter. As the feed moves through the cold cap, it undergoes chemical reactions and phase transitions through which it is converted to molten glass that moves from the cold cap into the melt pool. The process involves a series of reactions that generate multiple gases and subsequent mass loss and foaming significantly influence the mass and heat transfers. The rate of glass melting, which is greatly influenced by mass and heat transfers, affects the vitrification process and the efficiency of the immobilization of nuclear waste. We studied the cold-cap reactions of a representative waste glass feed using both the simultaneous differential scanning calorimetry-thermogravimetry (DSC-TGA) and the thermogravimetry coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (TGA-GC-MS) as complementary tools to perform evolved gas analysis (EGA). Analyses from DSC-TGA and EGA on the cold-cap reactions provide a key element for the development of an advanced cold-cap model. It also helps to formulate melter feeds for higher production rate.

Rodriguez, Carmen P.; Pierce, David A.; Schweiger, Michael J.; Kruger, Albert A.; Chun, Jaehun; Hrma, Pavel R.

2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

137

Dependence of the cross polar cap potential saturation on the type of solar wind streams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compare of the cross polar cap potential (CPCP) saturation during magnetic storms induced by various types of the solar wind drivers. By using the model of Siscoe-Hill \\citep{Hilletal1976,Siscoeetal2002a,Siscoeetal2002b,Siscoeetal2004,Siscoe2011} we evaluate criteria of the CPCP saturation during the main phases of 257 magnetic storms ($Dst_{min} \\le -50$ nT) induced by the following types of the solar wind streams: magnetic clouds (MC), Ejecta, the compress region Sheath before MC ($Sh_{MC}$) and before Ejecta ($Sh_{E}$), corotating interaction regions (CIR) and indeterminate type (IND). Our analysis shows that occurrence rate of the CPCP saturation is higher for storms induced by ICME ($13.2%$) than for storms driven by CIR ($3.5%$) or by IND ($3.5%$).The CPCP saturation was obtained more often for storms initiated by MC ($25%$) than by Ejecta ($2.9%$); it was obtained for $8.6%$ of magnetic storms induced by sum of MC and Ejecta, and for $21.5%$ magnetic storms induced by Sheath before them (sum of $Sh_...

Nikolaeva, N S; Lodkina, I G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Design studies of the PWO End-cap Calorimeter for PANDA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The PANDA detection system at FAIR, Germany, is designed to study antiproton-proton annihilations, in order to investigate among others the realm of charm-meson states and glueballs, which has still much to reveal. The yet unknown properties of this field are to be unraveled through studying QCD phenomena in the non-perturbative regime. The multipurpose PANDA detector will be capable of tracking, calorimetry, and particle identification, and is foreseen to run at high luminosities providing average reaction rates up to 20 Million interactions/s. The envisaged physics program requires measurements of photons and charged particles with excellent energy, position, and time resolutions. The electromagnetic calorimeter (EMC) will serve as one of the basic components of the detector setup and comprises cooled Lead-Tungstate (PbWO4) crystals. This paper presents the mechanical design of the Forward End-cap calorimeter and analyses the response of this detector component in conjunction with the full EMC and the complete PANDA detector. Results of the Monte Carlo simulations have been validated by data obtained from a prototype calorimeter.

Hossein Moeini; Mohammad Al-Turany; Mohammad Babai; Alexandra Biegun; Olga Bondarenko; Klaus Gotzen; Myroslav Kavatsyuk; Michel Lindemulder; Herbert Lohner; Dima Melnychuk; Johan Messchendorp; Henk Smit; Stefano Spataro; Rick Veenstra

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

139

Design studies of the PWO End-cap Calorimeter for PANDA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The PANDA detection system at FAIR, Germany, is designed to study antiproton-proton annihilations, in order to investigate among others the realm of charm-meson states and glueballs, which has still much to reveal. The yet unknown properties of this field are to be unraveled through studying QCD phenomena in the non-perturbative regime. The multipurpose PANDA detector will be capable of tracking, calorimetry, and particle identification, and is foreseen to run at high luminosities providing average reaction rates up to 20 Million interactions/s. The envisaged physics program requires measurements of photons and charged particles with excellent energy, position, and time resolutions. The electromagnetic calorimeter (EMC) will serve as one of the basic components of the detector setup and comprises cooled Lead-Tungstate (PbWO4) crystals. This paper presents the mechanical design of the Forward End-cap calorimeter and analyses the response of this detector component in conjunction with the full EMC and the compl...

Moeini, Hossein; Babai, Mohammad; Biegun, Alexandra; Bondarenko, Olga; Gotzen, Klaus; Kavatsyuk, Myroslav; Lindemulder, Michel; Lohner, Herbert; Melnychuk, Dima; Messchendorp, Johan; Smit, Henk; Spataro, Stefano; Veenstra, Rick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

A Circulating Hydrogen Ultra-High Purification System for the MuCap Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MuCap experiment is a high-precision measurement of the rate for the basic electroweak process of muon capture, mu- + p -> n + nu . The experimental approach is based on an active target consisting of a time projection chamber (TPC) operating with pure hydrogen gas. The hydrogen has to be kept extremely pure and at a stable pressure. A Circulating Hydrogen Ultrahigh Purification System was designed at the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI) to continuously clean the hydrogen from impurities. The system is based on an adsorption cryopump to stimulate the hydrogen flow and on a cold adsorbent for the hydrogen cleaning. It was installed at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in 2004 and performed reliably during three experiment runs. During several months long operating periods the system maintained the hydrogen purity in the detector on the level of 20 ppb for moisture, which is the main contaminant, and of better than 7 ppb and 5 ppb for nitrogen and oxygen, respectively. The pressure inside the TPC was stabilized to within 0.024% of 10 bar at a hydrogen flow rate of 3 standard liters per minute.

V. A. Ganzha; P. A. Kravtsov; O. E. Maev; G. N. Schapkin; G. G. Semenchuk; V. Trofimov; A. A. Vasilyev; M. E. Vznuzdaev; S. M. Clayton; P. Kammel; B. Kiburg; M. Hildebrandt; C. Petitjean; T. I. Banks; B. Lauss

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Summary Notes from 22 July 2008 Generic Technical Issue Discussion on Long-Term Engineered Cap Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Summary Notes from 22 July 2008 Generic Technical Issue Discussion on Long-Term Summary Notes from 22 July 2008 Generic Technical Issue Discussion on Long-Term Engineered Cap Performance Attendees: Representatives from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-Headquarters and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff met at the DOE offices in Germantown, Maryland on 22 July 2008. Representatives from South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, DOE-Savannah River, and DOE- Office of River Protection participated in the meeting via a teleconference link. Discussion: NRC staff prepared and disseminated agenda topics (listed in the next section) summarizing issues and considerations relative to estimating long-term engineered cover or cap performance. A summary of the discussion regarding each agenda topic is provided below. The purpose of this meeting was for DOE and NRC staff

142

Thermally oxidized formation of new Ge dots over as-grown Ge dots in the Si capping layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Si-capped Ge quantum dot sample was self-assembly grown via Stranski-Krastanov mode in a molecular beam epitaxy system with the Si capping layer deposited at 300 deg. C. After annealing the sample in an oxygen atmosphere at 1000 deg. C, a structure, namely two layers of quantum dots, was formed with the newly formed Ge-rich quantum dots embedded in the oxidized matrix with the position accurately located upon the as-grown quantum dots. It has been found that the formation of such nanostructures strongly depends upon the growth temperature and oxygen atmosphere. A growth mechanism was proposed to explain the formation of the nanostructure based on the Ge diffusion from the as-grown quantum dots, Ge segregation from the growing oxide, and subsequent migration/agglomeration.

Nie Tianxiao [State Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Materials Engineering, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland QLD 4072 (Australia); Lin Jinhui; Shao Yuanmin; Wu Yueqin; Yang Xinju; Fan Yongliang; Jiang Zuimin [State Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Chen Zhigang [Materials Engineering, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland QLD 4072 (Australia); Zou Jin [Materials Engineering, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland QLD 4072 (Australia); Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland QLD 4072 (Australia)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Evaluation of Borrowing as a Method to Contain Costs in a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap-and-Trade Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report evaluates the potential ability of "borrowing" to help reduce the costs and the cost volatility of cap-and-trade programs for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Borrowing allows sources to emit more than the number of current (or banked) allowances available in the current period by utilizing allowances that otherwise could not be used until future years. Borrowing may be on an individual or system basis and it may be explicit or implicit.

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

144

Experimental study on the effects of blast-cap configurations and charge patterns on coke descending in CDQ cooling shaft  

SciTech Connect

The coke descending behavior in a CDQ cooling shaft is studied experimentally by means of a tracing method with a digital camera. For three different blast-caps, the law of coke flow is studied under five conditions of coke charge. The experimental results show that, for the sake of the uniformity of the coke burden descending, a blast-cap with elliptical cross-section is a better choice than that with circular cross-section regardless of high or low placement. A coke charge pattern with a flat top burden surface is preferable to that with peak-valley surface, a double-peak superior to a one-peak. Trajectory and average velocity distribution of coke behavior depend weakly on whether the coke is continuously fed or not as the discharging began. The blast-caps have local effects on the descending coke and hardly affect whether the cokes flow smoothly or not in the case of coke burden with enough depth.

Y.H. Feng; X.X. Zhang; M.L. Wu [University of Science & Technology, Beijing (China). School of Mechanical Engineering

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Implementing a time- and location-differentiated cap-and-trade program : flexible nitrogen oxide abatement from power plants in the eastern United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies suggest that timing and location of emissions can change the amount of ozone formed from a given amount of nitrogen oxide (NOx) by a factor of five (Mauzerall et al. 2005). Yet existing NOx cap-and-trade programs ...

Martin, Katherine C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

In vivo dosimetry with optically stimulated luminescent dosimeters, OSLDs, compared to diodes; the effects of buildup cap thickness and fabrication material  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: For external beam in vivo measurements, the dosimeter is normally placed on the patient's skin, and the dose to a point of interest inside the patient is derived from surface measurements. In order to obtain accurate and reliable measurements, which correlate with the dose values predicted by a treatment planning system, a dosimeter needs to be at a point of electronic equilibrium. This equilibrium is accomplished by adding material (buildup) above the detector. This paper examines the use of buildup caps in a clinical setting for two common detector types: OSLDs and diodes. Clinically built buildup-caps and commercially available hemispherical caps are investigated. The effects of buildup cap thickness and fabrication material on field-size correction factors, C{sub FS}, are reported, and differences between the effects of thickness and fabrication material are explained based on physical parameters. Methods: Measurements are made on solid water phantoms for 6 and 15 MV x-ray beams. Two types of dosimeters are used: OSLDs, InLight/OSL Nanodot dosimeters (Landauer, Inc., Glenwood, IL) and a P-type surface diode (Standard Imaging, Madison, WI). Buildup caps for these detectors were fabricated out of M3, a water-equivalent material, and sheet-metal stock of Al, Cu, and Pb. Also, commercially available hemispherical buildup caps made of plastic water and brass (Landauer, Inc., Glenwood, IL) were used with Nanodots. OSLDs were read with an InLight microStar reader (Landauer, Inc., Glenwood, IL). Dose calculations were carried out with the XiO treatment planning system (CMS/Elekta, Stockholm) with tissue heterogeneity corrections. Results: For OSLDs and diodes, when measurements are made with no buildup cap a change in C{sub FS} of 200% occurs for a field-size change from 3 cm x 3 cm to 30 cm x 30 cm. The change in C{sub FS} is reduced to about 4% when a buildup cap with wall thickness equal to the depth of maximum dose is used. Buildup caps with larger wall thickness do not cause further reduction in C{sub FS}. The buildup cap fabrication material has little or no effect on C{sub FS}. The perturbation to the delivered dose caused by placing a detector with a buildup cap on the surface of a patient is measured to be 4%-7%. A comparison between calculated dose and dose measured with a Nanodot and a diode for 6 and 15 MV x-rays is made. When C{sub FS} factors are carefully determined and applied to measurements made on a phantom, the differences between measured and calculated doses were found to be between {+-}1.3%. Conclusions: OSLDs and diodes with appropriate buildup caps can be used to measure dose on the surface of a patient and predict the delivered dose to depth dmax in a range of {+-}1.3% for 100 cGy. The buildup cap: can be fabricated from any material examined in this work, is best with wall thickness dmax, and causes a perturbation to the delivered dose of 4%-7% when the wall thickness is dmax. OSLDs and diodes with buildup caps can both give accurate measurements of delivered dose.

Jursinic, Paul A.; Yahnke, Clifford J. [West Michigan Cancer Center, 200 North Park St. Kalamazoo, Michigan 49007 (United States); Landauer, Inc., 2 Science Road, Glenwood, Illinois 60425 (United States)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Exploring the Interaction Between California’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap-and-Trade Program and Complementary Emissions Reduction Policies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

California enacted Assembly Bill 32 (AB 32) to address climate change in 2006. It required the California Air Resources Board (ARB) to develop a plan to reduce the State’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 1990 levels by 2020. ARB developed a plan (i.e., the “Scoping Plan”) made up of a GHG emissions cap-and-trade program and regulatory measures known as “complementary policies” (CPs) to achieve the 2020 target. The CPs, which were designed to achieve climate policy and ...

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

148

TESTING AND ANALYSIS OF CAP CONCRETE STRESS AND STRAIN DUE TO SHRINKAGE, CREEP, AND EXPANSION FINAL REPORT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In-situ decommissioning of Reactors P- and R- at the Savannah River Site will require filling the reactor vessels with a special concrete based on materials such as magnesium phosphate, calcium aluminate or silica fume. Then the reactor vessels will be overlain with an 8 ft. thick layer of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) steel reinforced concrete, called the 'Cap Concrete'. The integrity of this protective layer must be assured to last for a sufficiently long period of time to avoid ingress of water into the reactor vessel and possible movement of radioactive contamination into the environment. During drying of this Cap Concrete however, shrinkage strains are set up in the concrete as a result of diffusion and evaporation of water from the top surface. This shrinkage varies with depth in the poured slab due to a non-uniform moisture distribution. This differential shrinkage results in restraint of the upper layers with larger shrinkage by lower layers with lesser displacements. Tensile stresses can develop at the surface from the strain gradients in the bulk slab, which can lead to surface cracking. Further, a mechanism called creep occurs during the curing period or early age produces strains under the action of restraining forces. To investigate the potential for surface cracking, an experimental and analytical program was started under TTQAP SRNL-RP-2009-01184. Slab sections made of Cap Concrete mixture were instrumented with embedded strain gages and relative humidity sensors and tested under controlled environmental conditions of 23 C and relative humidities (RH) of 40% and 80% over a period of 50 days. Calculation methods were also developed for predictions of stress development in the full-scale concrete placement over the reactor vessels. These methods were evaluated by simulating conditions for the test specimens and the calculation results compared to the experimental data. A closely similar test with strain gages was performed by Kim and Lee for a concrete mixture that did not employ humidity sensors and the admixtures used in this program. Yuan and Wan tried to predict the shrinkage strains and stresses in the Kim and Lee experiment, but did not include a creep analysis. Grasley and Lange conducted full restraint load tests on a concrete prism instrumented with humidity sensors over a 7 day curing period. The hypothetical case of full-scale placement of the Cap Concrete was also analyzed using the developed analytical methods. The calculation performed in this report is for scoping purposes only.

Guerrero, H.; Restivo, M.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Analysis of the Black-Capped Vireo habitat at Kickapoo Caverns State Park, Texas using a Geographic Information System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Geographic Information System (GIS) database was developed for Y,-ickapoo Cavern State Park, Tx. The digital database was used to characterize the Black-Capped Vireo ( Vireo Attricapillus Woodhouse) breeding habitat, and to produce a potential habitat map for the area. Relationships between Black-Capped Vireo (BCV) locations and topographic variables (slope and aspect) were investigated. When a chi-square test led to the rejection of a hypothesis inferring that a set of observations (territories) do not follow an expected occurrence pattern, a Bonferroni statistic test was used to evaluate preference or avoidance of a given slope or aspect category. In the park, BCV habitat is located on gentle slopes (012%); however, the analysis did not reveal a strong association between BCV location and slope exposure (aspect). For six-sub-landscapes, with different percentages of BCV suitable habitat, a modified fractal dimension was computed inside the GIS. This fractal dimension calculation describes diversity of a landscape, accounting for shape, patch juxtaposition, and eveness. GIS analysis helped in the proposition of camping sites and hiking trails to minimize the impact on BCV habitat and others preserved areas in the park.

Castiaux, Nathalie

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

SmartCap: Flattening Peak Electricity Demand in Smart Homes Sean Barker, Aditya Mishra, David Irwin, Prashant Shenoy, and Jeannie Albrecht  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SmartCap: Flattening Peak Electricity Demand in Smart Homes Sean Barker, Aditya Mishra, David Irwin--Flattening household electricity demand reduces generation costs, since costs are disproportionately affected by peak demands. While the vast majority of household electrical loads are interactive and have little scheduling

Shenoy, Prashant

151

The U.S. Acid rain program: Key insights from the design, operation, and assessment of a Cap-and-Trade program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors' 15 years of experience with the Acid Rain Program suggests that for regional or larger-scale air pollution problems, such as acid rain and pollution transport, a well-designed cap-and-trade program can be cost-effective, flexible, and easy to implement with clear benefits that can be sustained into the future. (author)

Napolitano, Sam; Schreifels, Jeremy; Stevens, Gabrielle; Witt, Maggie; LaCount, Melanie; Forte, Reynaldo; Smith, Kenon

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

152

Investigation of the surface chemical and electronic states of pyridine-capped CdSe nanocrystal films after plasma treatments using H{sub 2}, O{sub 2}, and Ar gases  

SciTech Connect

Surface chemical bonding and the electronic states of pyridine-capped CdSe nanocrystal films were evaluated using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy before and after plasma treatments using H{sub 2}, O{sub 2}, and Ar gases from the viewpoint of studying the effects of surface capping organic molecules and surface oxidation. Surface capping organic molecules could be removed during the plasma treatment due to the chemical reactivity, ion energy transfer, and vacuum UV (VUV) of the plasma gases. With O{sub 2} plasma treatment, surface capping organic molecules were effectively removed but substantial oxidation of CdSe occurred during the plasma treatment. The valence band maximum energy (E{sub VBM}) of CdSe nanocrystal films mainly depends on the apparent size of pyridine-capped CdSe nanocrystals, which controls the interparticle distance, and also on the oxidation of CdSe nanocrystals. Cd-rich surface in O{sub 2} and H{sub 2} plasma treatments partially would compensate for the decrease in E{sub VBM}. After Ar plasma treatment, the smallest value of E{sub VBM} resulted from high VUV photon flux, short wavelength, and ion energy transfer. The surface bonding states of CdSe had a strong influence on the electronic structure with the efficient strip of capping molecules as well as different surface oxidations and surface capping molecule contents.

Wang, Seok-Joo; Kim, Hyuncheol; Park, Hyung-Ho; Lee, Young-Su; Jeon, Hyeongtag; Chang, Ho Jung [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Materials Science and Technology Research Division, KIST, Seoul 130-650 (Korea, Republic of); Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Electronics Engineering, Dankook University, Cheonan-Si Chungnam 330-714 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

153

Transcription-dependent nucleolar cap localization and possible nuclear function of DExH RNA helicase RHAU  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RHAU (RNA helicase associated with AU-rich element) is a DExH protein originally identified as a factor accelerating AU-rich element-mediated mRNA degradation. The discovery that RHAU is predominantly localized in the nucleus, despite mRNA degradation occurring in the cytoplasm, prompted us to consider the nuclear functions of RHAU. In HeLa cells, RHAU was found to be localized throughout the nucleoplasm with some concentrated in nuclear speckles. Transcriptional arrest altered the localization to nucleolar caps, where RHAU is closely localized with RNA helicases p68 and p72, suggesting that RHAU is involved in transcription-related RNA metabolism in the nucleus. To see whether RHAU affects global gene expression transcriptionally or posttranscriptionally, we performed microarray analysis using total RNA from RHAU-depleted HeLa cell lines, measuring both steady-state mRNA levels and mRNA half-lives by actinomycin D chase. There was no change in the half-lives of most transcripts whose steady-state levels were affected by RHAU knockdown, suggesting that these transcripts are subjected to transcriptional regulation. We propose that RHAU has a dual function, being involved in both the synthesis and degradation of mRNA in different subcellular compartments.

Iwamoto, Fumiko; Stadler, Michael; Chalupnikova, Katerina; Oakeley, Edward [Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research, Maulbeerstrasse 66, CH-4058 Basel (Switzerland); Nagamine, Yoshikuni [Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research, Maulbeerstrasse 66, CH-4058 Basel (Switzerland)], E-mail: yoshikuni.nagamine@fmi.ch

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Net Metering Policy Development and Distributed Solar Generation in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 December 2009 Net Metering Policy Development in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap Elizabeth Doris, Sarah Busche, and Stephen Hockett National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A2-46670 December 2009 Net Metering Policy Development in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap

155

202-328-5000 www.rff.orgAllowance Allocation in a CO2 Emissions Cap-and-Trade Program for the Electricity Sector in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The regulation of greenhouse gas emissions from the electricity sector within a cap-and-trade system poses significant policy questions about how to allocate tradable emission allowances. Allocation conveys tremendous value and can have efficiency consequences. This research uses simulation modeling for the electricity sector to examine different approaches to allocation under a cap-and-trade program in California. The decision affects prices and other aspects of the electricity sector, as well as implications for the overall cost of climate policy. An important issue is the opportunity for emission reductions in California to be offset by emission increases in neighboring regions that supply electricity to the state. The amount of emission leakage (i.e. an increase in CO2 emissions outside of California as a result of the program) varies with the regulatory design of the program.

Karen Palmer Dallas Burtraw; Karen Palmer; Dallas Burtraw; Anthony Paul

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Plasmonic coupling of SiO{sub 2}-Ag 'post-cap' nanostructures and silver film for surface enhanced Raman scattering  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate a surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate consisting of SiO{sub 2}-Ag''post-cap'' nanostructures with an underlying silver film fabricated by the glancing angle deposition technique. Electromagnetic simulations predict that SERS enhancement is strongly polarization-dependent, consistent with experimental measurements. Optimized coupling between Ag cap nanoparticles and the underlying silver film can be achieved by controlling the thickness of SiO{sub 2} post sandwiched between them to significantly enhance local electric-field intensity and to increase the density of electromagnetic hot spots. A maximum SERS enhancement factor of 2.38x10{sup 9} within the hot spot region is demonstrated, providing sufficient sensitivity for many important applications.

Wu, Hsin-Yu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Cunningham, Brian T. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

157

A nuclear cap-binding complex binds Balbiani ring pre-mRNA cotranscriptionally and accompanies the ribonucleoprotein particle during nuclear export  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. In vertebrates, a nuclear cap-binding complex (CBC) formed by two cap-binding proteins, CBP20 and CBP80, is involved in several steps of RNA metabolism, including pre-mRNA splicing and nuclear export of some RNA polymerase II-transcribed U snRNAs. The CBC is highly conserved, and antibodies against human CBP20 cross-react with the CBP20 counterpart in the dipteran Chironomus tentans. Using immunoelectron microscopy, the in situ association of CBP20 with a specific pre-mRNP particle, the Balbiani ring particle, has been analyzed at different stages of pre-mRNA synthesis, maturation, and nucleo-cytoplasmic transport. We demonstrate that CBP20 binds to the nascent pre-mRNA shortly after transcription initiation, stays in the RNP particles after splicing has been completed, and remains attached to the 5 ' domain during translocation of the RNP through the nuclear pore complex (NPC). The rapid association of CBP20 with nascent RNA transcripts in situ is consistent with the role of CBC in splicing, and the retention of CBC on the RNP during translocation through the NPC supports its proposed involvement in RNA export. "~'N the nucleus of eukaryotic cells, messenger RNA pre-1 / cursors (pre-mRNAs) undergo a series of maturation- ~ reactions before they are exported to the cytoplasm where the mature messenger RNAs (mRNAs) can direct protein synthesis. One of these maturation events is the addition of a monomethylated guanosine residue to the first encoded nucleotide of the RNA via a 5'-5 ' triphosphate linkage (Shatkin, 1976). This reaction occurs on all transcripts synthesized by RNA polymerase II shortly after the start of transcription (Salditt-Georgieff et al., 1980; Rasmussen and Lis, 1993). The resulting cap structure is implicated in several aspects of pre-mRNA and mRNA metabolism. The cap structure increases RNA stability, and is required for efficient translation initiation, premRNA

Neus Visa; Elisa Izaurralde; Bertil Daneholt; Iain W. Mattaj

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

RNA Caps and Tails  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

when it leaves the nucleus. RNAs without this tail are quickly dismantled and with the string of A'sas many as 200, may last for 24 hours or more. The modified guanine...

159

A neutron powder diffraction study of. cap alpha. - and. beta. -PbO/sub 2/ in the positive electrode material of lead-acid batteries  

SciTech Connect

A neutron powder diffraction study of ..cap alpha..- and ..beta..-PbO/sub 2/, both chemically prepared and electrochemically formed in cycled battery plates, was carried out to correlate the electrochemical activity of the lead-acid battery with the atomic arrangement of the electrode constituents. Our results are consistent with the presence of hydrogen in the structure of ..beta..-PbO/sub 2/, but the departure of the occupancy factors from stoichiometric values are not large enough to unambiguously establish whether there are lead or oxygen deficiencies. If the Pb:O ratio corresponds to exact stoichiometry, any hydrogen which is present must be accompanied by a reduction of Pb/sup +4/. There is a significant increase in the lattice parameter ..cap alpha.. of ..beta..-PbO/sub 2/ in cycled battery electrodes relative to the value found in chemically prepared ..beta..-PbO/sub 2/. No change in the c parameter, however, was detected. These dimensional changes are consistent with a configuration for hydrogen similar to that observed in the rutile type structure of SnO/sub 2/, in which there are OH-ions oriented perpendicular to the c axis. The profile parameters obtained in this analysis show that the crystallites of ..beta..-PbO/sub 2/ in the positive plate material of a battery cycled three times (Y3) are smaller than those in the chemically prepared compound (about 450A vs. 800A), while there are no significant differences between the latter and ..beta..-PbO/sub 2/ in the positive plate material of a battery cycled 36 times (Y36). The average structure of ..cap alpha..-PbO/sub 2/ cannot be accurately determined by profile analysis, at the present time. The difficulties encountered in the refinement may be due to extensive defects, nonspherical crystallites of small size, and/or small departures of the structure from orthorhombic symmetry.

Santoro, A.; Caulder, S.M.; D' Antonio, P.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Report 160  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Net Crude Oil Imports (billion 2005$) 77.40 85.21 93.97 102.60 110Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global indicators) Bio Liquids Production in US (EJ) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net Bio Liquids Imports

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161

Characteristic formulae for the verification of imperative programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In previous work, we introduced an approach to program verification based on characteristic formulae. The approach consists of generating a higher-order logic formula from the source code of a program. This characteristic formula is constructed in such ... Keywords: characteristic formula, interactive verification, total correctness

Arthur Charguéraud

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

The American college and its architecture : an institutional imperative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The architectural form of the American college campus is shaped by broader cultural and philosophical factors which themselves are based on the notion of an architectural environment able to control the intellectual growth ...

Taylor, Rives Trau

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Costing the Earth: A Numbers Game or a Moral Imperative?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is a simple truism that public policy must be guided by an objective analysis of the physical and economic consequences of climate change. It is equally true that policy making is an inherently value-laden endeavor. While these two threads are ...

Gerard Roe

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

The declarative imperative: experiences and conjectures in distributed logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rise of multicore processors and cloud computing is putting enormous pressure on the software community to find solutions to the difficulty of parallel and distributed programming. At the same time, there is more--and more varied--interest in data-centric ...

Joseph M. Hellerstein

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Mobile ad hoc networking: imperatives and challenges Imrich Chlamtac a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with no pre-existing communication infrastructure, e.g., disaster re- covery environments. Ad hoc networking the Personal Computer age (i.e., a one computing device per person) to the Ubiqui- tous Computing age in which a user utilizes, at the same time, several electronic platforms through which he can access all

Xu, Wenyuan

166

Compete 2.0 Thrive.The Skills Imperative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. landscape & naval) Logisticians Nuclear Power Reactor Operators Police & Detectives Supervisors Radiation activity, will have neither good plumbing nor good philosophy. Neither its pipes nor its theories will hold Traffic Controllers General Operations Managers Airline Pilots & Copilots Nuclear & Chemical Engineers

167

Some Imperatives for Realizing Model-Based Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NNSA – PRIDE – ManTech – Advanced Manufacturing Enterprise ... Compressors and Turbines Page 20. ... Provides access to needed systems ...

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

168

Advancing manufacturing technology that is imperative to prevent...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industrial Partnerships Carbon Fiber Consortium Manufacturing Industrial Partnerships Staff Partnerships Home | Connect with ORNL | For Industry | Partnerships | Industrial...

169

A higher-order extension for imperative synchronous languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents the very first effective design of higher-order modules in the synchronous programming language Esterel. Higher-order modules, together with the robust separate compilation scheme that implements it, allow us to address a yet unexplored ...

Eric Vecchié; Jean-Pierre Talpin; Sébastien Boisgérault

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Costing the Earth: a numbers game or a moral imperative?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is a simple truism that public policy must be guided by an objective analysis of the physical and economic consequences of climate change. It is equally true that policy making is an inherently value-laden endeavor. While these two threads are ...

Gerard Roe

171

Short and Long-Term Perspectives: The Impact on Low-Income Consumers of Forecasted Energy Price Increases in 2008 and A Cap & Trade Carbon Policy in 2030  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA) recently released its short-term forecast for residential energy prices for the winter of 2007-2008. The forecast indicates increases in costs for low-income consumers in the year ahead, particularly for those using fuel oil to heat their homes. In the following analysis, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory has integrated the EIA price projections with the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 2001 in order to project the impact of these price increases on the nation's low-income households by primary heating fuel type, nationally and by Census Region. The report provides an update of bill estimates provided in a previous study, "The Impact Of Forecasted Energy Price Increases On Low-Income Consumers" (Eisenberg, 2005). The statistics are intended for use by policymakers in the Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program and elsewhere who are trying to gauge the nature and severity of the problems that will be faced by eligible low-income households during the 2008 fiscal year. In addition to providing expenditure forecasts for the year immediately ahead, this analysis uses a similar methodology to give policy makers some insight into one of the major policy debates that will impact low-income energy expenditures well into the middle decades of this century and beyond. There is now considerable discussion of employing a cap-and-trade mechanism to first limit and then reduce U.S. emissions of carbon into the atmosphere in order to combat the long-range threat of human-induced climate change. The Energy Information Administration has provided an analysis of projected energy prices in the years 2020 and 2030 for one such cap-and-trade carbon reduction proposal that, when integrated with the RECS 2001 database, provides estimates of how low-income households will be impacted over the long term by such a carbon reduction policy.

Eisenberg, Joel Fred [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Net Metering Policy Development and Distributed Solar Generation in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of the Minnesota net metering policy is to give the maximum possible encouragement to distributed generation assets, especially solar electric systems (MN 2008). However, according to a published set of best practices (NNEC 2008) that prioritize the maximum development of solar markets within states, the Minnesota policy does not incorporate many of the important best practices that may help other states transform their solar energy markets and increase the amount of grid-connected distributed solar generation assets. Reasons cited include the low system size limit of 40kW (the best practices document recommends a 2 MW limit) and a lack of language protecting generators from additional utility fees. This study was conducted to compare Minnesota's policies to national best practices. It provides an overview of the current Minnesota policy in the context of these best practices and other jurisdictions' net metering policies, as well as a qualitative assessment of the impacts of raising the system size cap within the policy based on the experiences of other states.

Doris, E.; Busche, S.; Hockett, S.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Intermixing of InGaAs/GaAs quantum wells and quantum dots using sputter-deposited silicon oxynitride capping layers  

SciTech Connect

Various approaches can be used to selectively control the amount of intermixing in III-V quantum well and quantum dot structures. Impurity-free vacancy disordering is one technique that is favored for its simplicity, however this mechanism is sensitive to many experimental parameters. In this study, a series of silicon oxynitride capping layers have been used in the intermixing of InGaAs/GaAs quantum well and quantum dot structures. These thin films were deposited by sputter deposition in order to minimize the incorporation of hydrogen, which has been reported to influence impurity-free vacancy disordering. The degree of intermixing was probed by photoluminescence spectroscopy and this is discussed with respect to the properties of the SiO{sub x}N{sub y} films. This work was also designed to monitor any additional intermixing that might be attributed to the sputtering process. In addition, the high-temperature stress is known to affect the group-III vacancy concentration, which is central to the intermixing process. This stress was directly measured and the experimental values are compared with an elastic-deformation model.

McKerracher, Ian; Fu Lan; Hoe Tan, Hark; Jagadish, Chennupati [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

PROOF OF CONCEPT TEST OF A UNIQUE GASEOUS PERFLUROCARBON TRACER SYSTEM FOR VERIFICATION AND LONG TERM MONITORING OF CAPS AND COVER SYSTEMS CONDUCTED AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE BENTONITE MAT TEST FACILITY.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Engineered covers have been placed on top of buried/subsurface wastes to minimize water infiltration and therefore, release of hazardous contaminants. In order for the cover to protect the environment it must remain free of holes and breaches throughout its service life. Covers are subject to subsidence, erosion, animal intrusion, plant root infiltration, etc., all of which will affect the overall performance of the cover. The U.S. Department of Energy Environmental Management (DOE-EM) Program 2006 Accelerated Cleanup Plan is pushing for rapid closure of many of the DOE facilities. This will require a great number of new cover systems. Some of these new covers are expected to maintain their performance for periods of up to 1000 years. Long-term stewardship will require monitoring/verification of cover performance over the course of the designed lifetime. In addition, many existing covers are approaching the end of their design life and will need validation of current performance (if continued use is desired) or replacement (if degraded). The need for a reliable method of verification and long-term monitoring is readily apparent. Currently, failure is detected through monitoring wells downstream of the waste site. This is too late as the contaminants have already left the disposal area. The proposed approach is the use of gaseous Perfluorocarbon tracers (PFT) to verify and monitor cover performance. It is believed that PFTs will provide a technology that can verify a cover meets all performance objectives upon installation, be capable of predicting changes in cover performance and failure (defined as contaminants leaving the site) before it happens, and be cost-effective in supporting stewardship needs. The PFTs are injected beneath the cover and air samples taken above (either air samples or soil gas samples) at the top of the cover. The location, concentrations, and time of arrival of the tracer(s) provide a direct measure of cover performance. PFT technology can be used as a non-invasive method (if injection ports are emplaced prior to cover emplacement) on new covers or a minimally invasive method on existing covers. PFT verification will be useful at all buried waste sites using a cover system (e.g., treated or untreated chemical waste landfills) including DOE, commercial, and private sector sites. This paper discusses the initial field trial of the PFT cover monitoring system performed at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in FY01. The experiments provided a successful proof-of-principle test of the PFT technology in monitoring caps and covers. An injection and sampling array was installed in the Bentomat test cap at the SRS Caps Test Facility. This system contained 6 feet of sandy soil beneath a 1/2 inch geosynthetic clay liner covered by an HDPE liner which was covered by 2 feet of clayey top soil. PFTs were injected into the sandy soil though a pre-existing system of access pipes below the cap and soil gas samples were taken on top of the cap. Mid-way into the injection period a series of 1 1/2 inch holes were punched into the cap (through the geomembrane) to provide a positive breach in the cap. Data will be presented that shows the initial cap was fairly tight and leak free and that the artificially induced leaks were detectable within two hours of occurrence.

HEISER,J.; SULLIVAN,T.; SERRATO,M.

2002-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

175

Chemically capping copper with cobalt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Amorphous cobalt-phosphorus alloy is grown on SiO"2 and Cu by chemical vapor deposition from dicobaltoctacarbonyl and trimethylphosphine at 250^oC, 300^oC, and 350^oC. Film properties most relevant to adoption into back-end chip fabrication have been ... Keywords: Chemical vapor deposition, Cobalt alloys, Selective deposition

Lucas B. Henderson; John G. Ekerdt

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Operational semantics of an imperative concurrent programming language on relaxed memory model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of programs. One important challenge for programming on such hardware is to make sure that a correctly written is available to them about the program (for example code hoisting). Many of these reorderings do not remain

Prasad, Sanjiva

177

The Technology Imperative and The Future of R&D Policy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... over technology life cycle Page 44. “Sooner or later, we sit down to a banquet of consequences” – Robert Louis Stevenson

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

178

The Atmospheric Sciences in the 1990s: Accomplishments, Challenges, and Imperatives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The atmospheric sciences, along with other disciplines, are today contemplating strong competition for resources, exciting scientific challenges, and the need to assess opportunities and priorities. This review is intended to stimulate thought, ...

John A. Dutton

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

New Mexico's nuclear enchantment| Local politics, national imperatives, and radioactive waste disposal.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The use of nuclear technologies has left an indelible mark on American society. The environmental, political, economic, and social costs of creating, producing, and… (more)

Richter, Jennifer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Cap Rock Energy Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas Utility Id 3109 Ownership I NERC Location ERCOTSPP NERC SPP Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

CapStar Health System Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), Occupational Safety and Health ... xiv Protection Agency, Nuclear Regulatory Agency, and Centers for ...

2012-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

182

50 ans pour changer de cap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abbreviations BWR Boiling water reactor CANDU Canadian Deuterium Uranium CRUD Chalk River unidentified deposits Uranium (CANDU) heavy water reactor. Since its employment in the first commercial nuclear power plant in the coolant), which are distinctly different in PWRs, BWRs, and CANDU (Table 1). In both BWRs and PWRs

Meunier, Michel

183

The TextCap semantic interpreter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The lack of large amounts of readily available, explicitly represented knowledge has long been recognized as a barrier to applications requiring semantic knowledge such as machine translation and question answering. This problem is analogous to that ...

Charles B. Callaway

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

COMPARISON OF /cap signma/$sup +$p AND /cap signma/$sup -$n SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

Assuming thai the nuclear interactions between EPSILON /sup -/n and EPSILON /sup +/p are charge-symmetric, the effect of the Coulomb potential in the EPSILON /sup +/p system on the binding energy and wave function of a possible bound state of the EPSILON /sup +/p system is calculated. Using a phenomenological (((((((((Unscannable))))))))))

Snow, G.A.

1958-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Numerical modeling of two-phase flow in heterogeneous permeable media with different capillarity pressures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, CA, USA b Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA Received 8 February 2007; received in revised form 15 in application to flow in per- meable media with capillary heterogeneity. In this work, we propose a new gradient is in terms of the total mobility which is smoother than the wetting mobility. We combine the MFE

Firoozabadi, Abbas

186

Causes and Control of Wood Decay,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the processes lead to different time scal- ing and different types of solutions. In the case of a thin tight corresponds to 6 weeks, whereas for a tight seal the respective time scale is of the order of hun- dreds be larger inside a low-permeability seal than in per- meable aquifer sand, due to the presence

187

July 28, 2010, Visiting Speaker Program, Science, Technology, and Innovation: Imperatives for National and Economic Security - Event Summary and Slideshow  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

any government is to ensure the safety of its people and the prosperity of its society. The conversation taking any government is to ensure the safety of its people and the prosperity of its society. The conversation taking place today is at the core of this thought. The U.S. won the Cold War not only on the capability of military power but also the vitality of our society and economy. The U.S. countered a quantitative superiority with qualitative superiority. We invested in new technologies (with military use) and put in place a regulatory structure to keep emerging technologies from falling into the hands of our opponents. Now we appear to have an inversion - limiting our industry from working with other nations is not working for our economy. Becoming active investors in our future through math, science, technology, and engineering should be a priority.

188

Communication imperatives for indigenous peoples' representation in policy making: Lessons from the IPRA (Indigenous Peoples Rights Act) experience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of communication in social development requires a keener eye to explore the fragile position of this marginalized sector: the indigenous peoples or IPs. With information and communication scholars taking an interest in new challenges towards ... Keywords: Advocacy, Indigenous peoples, Policymaking

Anne Marie Jennifer E. Eligio

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Microsoft Word - SWPA 06 Hum Cap Mgmt Plan.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(protgs) have received 5 promotions (4 females) and one was placed in an Upward Mobility Program (female minority). Southwestern is currently beginning its 4 th...

190

Black carbon aerosols and the third polar ice cap  

SciTech Connect

Recent thinning of glaciers over the Himalayas (sometimes referred to as the third polar region) have raised concern on future water supplies since these glaciers supply water to large river systems that support millions of people inhabiting the surrounding areas. Black carbon (BC) aerosols, released from incomplete combustion, have been increasingly implicated as causing large changes in the hydrology and radiative forcing over Asia and its deposition on snow is thought to increase snow melt. In India BC emissions from biofuel combustion is highly prevalent and compared to other regions, BC aerosol amounts are high. Here, we quantify the impact of BC aerosols on snow cover and precipitation from 1990 to 2010 over the Indian subcontinental region using two different BC emission inventories. New estimates indicate that Indian BC emissions from coal and biofuel are large and transport is expected to expand rapidly in coming years. We show that over the Himalayas, from 1990 to 2000, simulated snow/ice cover decreases by {approx}0.9% due to aerosols. The contribution of the enhanced Indian BC to this decline is {approx}36%, similar to that simulated for 2000 to 2010. Spatial patterns of modeled changes in snow cover and precipitation are similar to observations (from 1990 to 2000), and are mainly obtained with the newer BC estimates.

Menon, Surabi; Koch, Dorothy; Beig, Gufran; Sahu, Saroj; Fasullo, John; Orlikowski, Daniel

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

191

Evaluating Renewable Portfolio Standards and Carbon Cap Scenarios...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model that simulates the least-cost expansion of electricity generation capacity and transmission in the United States to examine...

192

POLICY FLASH 2014-12 Executive Compensation Cap  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Questions concerning this policy flash should be directed to Carol Jenkins, of the Office of Acquisition and Project Management Policy at 202-287-1827 or at Carol.Jenkins@hq.doe.gov.

193

Arctic Ocean Warming Contributes to Reduced Polar Ice Cap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of modern and historical observations demonstrates that the temperature of the intermediate-depth (150–900 m) Atlantic water (AW) of the Arctic Ocean has increased in recent decades. The AW warming has been uneven in time; a local 1°C ...

Igor V. Polyakov; Leonid A. Timokhov; Vladimir A. Alexeev; Sheldon Bacon; Igor A. Dmitrenko; Louis Fortier; Ivan E. Frolov; Jean-Claude Gascard; Edmond Hansen; Vladimir V. Ivanov; Seymour Laxon; Cecilie Mauritzen; Don Perovich; Koji Shimada; Harper L. Simmons; Vladimir T. Sokolov; Michael Steele; John Toole

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Root Cause Analysis (RCA) & Corrective Action Plan (CAP) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

prior to project approval, additional funding authorization, and project execution. Corrective Measure 2 Develop and implement a comprehensive staffing plan, with an...

195

EM RCA CAP Performance 2013-07-08.xlsx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Root Cause Analysis Corrective Action Plan Performance Performance Measure Target or Actual FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 Target 85% 90% 90% 90% Actual *Forecast NA 0 of 1...

196

Nighttime Offset and Capping Experiment Results of the Isothermal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is, as yet, no standard or reference for the measurement of the diffuse component of solar radiation. The 2001 Diffuse Shortwave intensive operational period (IOP) held at the...

197

Triplet Exciton in Terthiophene End-Capped Poly(PE)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

S. Schanze, and John R. Miller J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 17736-17742 (2006). Find paper at ACS Publications Abstract: Triplet states of poly(phenylene ethynylene), 3PPE*, not easily...

198

National propane safety week caps fifth anniversary of GAS Check  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on National Propane Safety Week. The publicity encompassed everything from preventative maintenance to safe winter storage of cylinders. This campaign focused much of its attention on GAS (gas appliance system) Check, the propane industry's most well-known safety program.

Prowler, S.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

The Origin of Ice in Mountain Cap Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ice crystal development in relatively simple layer clouds was studied using airborne instrumentation. The patterns in the development of ice in those clouds suggest that the ice originates in association with the initial condensation process, ...

William A. Cooper; Gabor Vali

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

95-GHz Polarimetric Radar Measurements of Orographic Cap Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of millimeter-wavelength radars for cloud microphysical research was investigated in experiments at the Elk Mountain Observatory near Laramie, Wyoming, between April 1990 and March 1992. The 95-GHz polarimetric radar used in these ...

Andrew Pazmany; James Mead; Robert McIntosh; Mark Hervig; Robert Kelly; Gabor Vali

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Title of Presentation Goes Here 32 Point Arial- Initial Caps...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-Gas Filter Correlation Radiometers (at 2.3 & 4.6 m) to separate biogenetic fluxes from biomass burning and fossil fuel combustion. Imager - Context 3 ITT's Laser Absorption...

202

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: EnergyCAP Professional  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

utilities management office. Professional uses Microsoft's SQL Server Desktop Edition database (MSDE) but it can also connect to SQL Server. Multiple users can access the data...

203

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: EnergyCAP Enterprise  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

bill approval processes, automatic bill auditing system, correct "to-the-penny" rate schedules, interval data tracking and analysis, tracking of production (or any other...

204

Microsoft Word - McNary_ShuntCapAddition_CX.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum Charla M. Burke Project Manager, TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: McNary Substation Shunt Capacitor Addition Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R....

205

Removing Strongly Adsorbed Surfactants and Capping Agents from ...  

This technique can be applied by manufacturers of nanoparticles and nanoparticle containing ... Vehicles and Fuels; Wind Energy; Partners (27) Visual Patent Search;

206

BottleCap: a credential manager for capability systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In distributed systems, capability-based security provides substantial performance and scalability advantages over traditional user-based authentication. Unfortunately, the usual implementation of this concept in a networked context, the password ... Keywords: capability-based security, distributed access control, drtm, flicker, tpm, trusted computing

Justin King-Lacroix; Andrew Martin

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

TITLE 44 POINT META NORMAL LF ALL CAPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... MILE: IODEF, RID, and new Extensions ... at the enterprise level increasing, driven by business ... of incidents and outsourcing (Cloud) is driving ...

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

208

Black carbon aerosols and the third polar ice cap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EASE-Grid weekly snow cover and sea ice extent version 3.USA, National Snow and Ice Data Center, Digital media, 2005.climate forcing via snow and ice albedos, Proc. Natl. Acad.

Menon, Surabi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Thermal Neutron Capture y's (CapGam)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC) presents two tables showing energy and photon intensity with uncertainties of gamma rays as seen in thermal-neutron capture.  One table is organized in ascending order of gamma energy, and the second is organized by Z, A of the target. In the energy-ordered table the three strongest transitions are indicated in each case. The nuclide given is the target nucleus in the capture reaction. The gamma energies given are in keV. The gamma intensities given are relative to 100 for the strongest transition. %I? (per 100 n-captures) for the strongest transition is given, where known. All data are taken from the Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File (ENSDF), a computer file of evaluated nuclear structure data and from the eXperimental Unevaluated Nuclear Data List (XUNDL). (Specialized Interface)

210

Black carbon aerosols and the third polar ice cap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate response of fossil fuel and biofuel soot accounting0.1 µgm ?3 ) from fossil and bio-fuel sources (left panel)organic matter, BC from fossil/bio-fuel and biomass sources

Menon, Surabi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

D-0 South End Cap Calorimeter Cold Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The South endcap calorimeter vessel was moved into Lab A on Sept. 18, 1990. A cooldown of the pressure vessel with liquid nitrogen was performed on Sept. 26 to check the vessel's integrity. With the pressure vessel cold, the insulating vacuum was monitored for leaks. Through out the testing, the insulating vacuum remained good and the vessel passed the test. The cold test was carried out per the procedures of D-Zero engineering note 3740.220-EN-250. The test was very similar to the cold test performed on the Central Calorimeter in October of 1987. The test of the ECS was performed in the same manner using the same equipment as the ECN cold test. Reference D-Zero engineering notes 3740.210-EN-122, 3740.000-EN-I07, and 3740.210-EN-II0 for information about the CC cold test. Reference EN-260 for the results of the ECN cold test. The insulating vacuum space was pumped on while equipment was being connected to the pressure vessel. Two hours after starting to pump with the blower the vacuum space pressure was at about 40 microns. The pumping continued overnight (another 16 hours). In the morning the pressure was 11.5 microns. A rate of rise test was performed. With the pump valved off, the pressure rose to 14 microns within 5 minutes and then rose to 16 microns in 6 hours (0.33 microns/hour). After all connections were made to the pressure vessel, a vacuum pump with an estimated effective pumping speed of about 70 scfm was valved on. After 18 hours, the pressure vessel was down to 270 microns. An additional day of pumping took the pressure down to only 250 microns. A leak was then found and fixed around the seal of the rupture disc. The pump was put on line again. The pressure vessel with pump on line was 27 microns after 16.5 hours. A rate of rise was then conducted. The pressure was 90 microns after valving out the pump. After 30 minutes the pressure increased to 107 microns. (34 microns/hr).

Rucinski, R.; /Fermilab

1990-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

212

A History of the Aluminum Cap of the Washington Monument  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The actual chronology of the letters can be found in an earlier paper.6 Frishmuth proposed that the pyramid be made of aluminum at a quoted price of $75, and if ...

213

EcoloCap Solutions Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

company with subsidiaries active in Korea, the US and Canada, in such areas as nano-material lithium and nano--tube carbon batteries, carbon credits and trading and and...

214

Black carbon aerosols and the third polar ice cap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

estimations in global aerosol models, Atmos. Chem. Phys. ,Cloud mi- crophysics and aerosol indirect efefcts in theuncertainties in assessing aerosol effects on climate, Ann.

Menon, Surabi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Microsoft Word - 20110811 Hamilton Sundstrand Hi Temp Cap-Final...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The "dc-link" capacitor is a fundamental building block of a voltage source inverter (VSI). Similarly, AC capacitors are required to be within close proximity of the...

216

Caps with free pairs of points - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Throughout the article let q denote a prime power. ... to a PG(2,q) by adjoining the line xy to it. ... ?1,...,?q+1 be the q + 1 distinct planes containing line xy.

217

Center for Advanced Power Systems CAPS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on advanced power system technologies with emphasis on the needs of the future naval ship power systems and electricity supply grid of the US. References Center for Advanced Power...

218

Clouds, Aerosols and Precipitation in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Marine Boundary Layer (CAP-MBL) Graciosa Island, Azores, NE Atlantic Ocean Graciosa Island, Azores, NE Atlantic Ocean May 2009-December 2010 May 2009-December 2010 Rob Wood, University of Washington Rob Wood, University of Washington AMF Deployment Team Thanks to Mark Miller: AMF Site Scientist Mark Miller: AMF Site Scientist Kim Nitschke: AMF Site Manager CAP-MBL Proposal Team Importance of Low-Clouds for Climate Imperative that we understand the processes controlling the formation, maintenance and dissipation of low clouds in order to formation, maintenance and dissipation of low clouds in order to improve their representation in climate models. Which clouds matter for climate sensitivity? Cli t F db k

219

Kinetic overshoot in actin network assembly induced jointly by branching and capping proteins Hyeran Kang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Depol Experiment Experimental Setup Measurement Principle Storage Method Complementary Method of a collaboration by PSI-TUM-GUMZ-ILL Technische Universität München 8th UCN Workshop, 2011 #12;Depol Experiment Investigation #12;Depol Experiment Experimental Setup Measurement Principle Storage Method Complementary Method

Tang, Jay X.

220

Detection system for a gas chromatograph. [. cap alpha. -methylnaphthalene,. beta. -methylnapthalene  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are described for the quantitative analysis of vaporizable compounds, and in particular of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons which may be induced to fluoresce. The sample to be analyzed is injected into a gas chromatography column and is eluted through a narrow orifice into a vacuum chamber. The free expansion of the eluted sample into the vacuum chamber creates a supersonic molecular beam in which the sample molecules are cooled to the extent that the excited vibrational and rotational levels are substantially depopulated. The cooled molecules, when induced to fluoresce by laser excitation, give greatly simplified spectra suitable for analytical purposes. The laser induced fluorimetry provides great selectivity, and the gas chromatograph provides quantitative transfer of the sample to the molecular beam. 3 figures, 2 tables.

Hayes, J.M.; Small, G.J.

1982-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The State of First Nations Education: Two Conversations About Education Post-CAP.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation is the product of both lifework and a 2007-2010 research study. Working, living and parenting in the largest First Nation community in Canada,… (more)

Redwing Saunders, Sabrina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

A Power Capping Controller for Multicore Processors N. Almoosa, W. Song, Y. Wardi and S. Yalamanchili  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is over- provisioned with a lower average performance per square foot. Similarly, the packaging cost of a multicore processor is determined by the target peak power dissipation. Higher package costs incurred by high peak power dissipation targets increases the cost of the processor even though peak loads may

Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

223

Microsoft Word - PoY13 Supplement no cap Sec 1 & 2 D10.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beacon Capital Partners | 200 State St, Boston MA 02109 | Attn: Alfred Scaramelli Beacon Capital Partners | 200 State St, Boston MA 02109 | Attn: Alfred Scaramelli 2013 ENERGY STAR Partner of the Year Award Application| Materials to Supplement Sections One and Two ENERGY POLICY ! ! ! ! Sustainable!buildings!provide!a!better!work!environment!for!tenants,!increase!building! efficiency!and!reduce!operating!expenses.!At!Beacon,!our!approach!to!sustainability!is! the!same!as!it!has!been!for!investing!in!commercial!real!estate!over!many!years!-! implement!smart,!proven,!cost?effective!solutions!that!provide!value!to!tenants!and!the! building!owner.!!! !! As!a!Founding!Member!of!the!Greenprint!Foundation,!a!worldwide!alliance!of!real! estate!owners,!investors,!and!financial!institutions,!Beacon!is!committed!to!sustainable! buildings!and!reducing!greenhouse!gas!emissions!at!its!properties.!To!meet!this!

224

The EU’s CAP, the Doha Round and Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Political Economy of Beef Liberalisation: A collection ofTrade: Effects of trade liberalisation and EU enlargement on

Halderman, Michael; Nelson, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

One-way implodable tag capsule with hemispherical beaded end cap for LWR fuel manufacturing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A capsule is described containing a tag gas in a zircaloy body portion having a hemispherical top curved toward the bottom of the body portion. The hemispherical top has a rupturable portion upon exposure to elevated gas pressure and the capsule is positioned within a fuel element in a nuclear reactor.

Gross, Kenny; Lambert, John

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

policy that fundamentally requires a minimum percentage of electricity generation from renewable energy resources, such as biomass, geothermal, solar energy, wind, and

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Signal Reconstruction in Module 0 of the End-Cap Electromagnetic Calorimeter and Presampler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This note describes signal reconstruction of the EMEC module 0. Two approaches have been tried to derive optimal filtering coefficients. The first one uses an electrical model of the signal path (detector-preamplifier-shaper) while the second approach is based on ad-hoc functions. The pros and the cons of each approach are discussed, and effects of the optimal filtering on noise and energy resolution are shown.

Barrillon, P; Hinz, L; Pralavorio, Pascal

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Cournot Equilibrium in Price-capped Two-Settlement Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-term Contracts and Imperfectly Competitive Spot Markets: A Study of UK Eletricity Industry, Memorandum no. 14

Oren, Shmuel S.

229

Cournot Equilibrium in Price-capped Two-Settlement Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Competitive Spot Markets: A Study of UK Eletricity Industry, Memorandum no. 14, Department of Economics

230

Investigation of Cold Cap Behavior in HLW Melter through an Array ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Materials Issues in Nuclear Waste Management in the 21st Century ... the batch-to-glass conversion as it occurs in high-level-waste glass processing melters. ... The Properties of Spent Nuclear Fuel under Waste Disposal Conditions ... UK Radioactive Waste: Classification, Sources and Management Strategies.

231

The EU’s CAP, the Doha Round and Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy and Food Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Paris Economist, InternationalAffairs, (DEFRA), London Director, Development Strategy and Governance Division, International Food Policy

Halderman, Michael; Nelson, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Developing Synoptic Analogs for Extreme Mass Balance Conditions on Queen Elizabeth Island Ice Caps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detailed synoptic and climate analyses were undertaken for summer seasons during which extreme mass balance conditions were recorded on glaciers in the Queen Elizabeth Islands in high Arctic Canada. Three types of mass balance extremes were ...

Bea Taylor Alt

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

permit prices to raise electricity prices:Evidence from thea¤ecting both RTC and electricity prices. In response to aWith the exception of electricity prices, none of the input

Fowlie, Meredith; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Implications of carbon cap-and-trade for electricity rate design, with examples from Florida  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The price of CO{sub 2} emissions allowances affects the structure of the utility's costs, which has implications for rate design and load management programs. Depending on the design of the program to recover these costs, utility total revenue requirements - and the rate design utilized to recover these requirements - may be impacted. A new way to think about rate design may be required. (author)

Parmesano, Hethie; Kury, Theodore J.

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

235

Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

produces relatively low electricity prices compared to anregulations on wholesale electricity prices in the variousScope of Regulation: Electricity Prices by Region (Average

Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Synergistic Effect of Fullerene-Capped Gold Nanoparticles on Graphene Electrochemical Supercapacitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based Materials as Supercapacitor Electrodes,” Journal ofwhich was used to con- struct supercapacitor electrodes. Thegraphene sheets for supercapacitor electrodes. 2. Experiment

Yong, Virginia; Hahn, H. Thomas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydroelectric and other renewable energy generators. Thehydroelectric and other renewable energy generators. Because

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

State-of-the-Practice Liners and Caps for Coal Combustion Product Management Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Approximately 40% of the coal combustion products (CCPs) generated in the United States are beneficially reused in applications such as concrete products, road construction, and wallboard, with the remaining volume managed in landfills and ponds. Most new management units since 1994 have been lined landfills; pending federal regulations are expected to accelerate that trend.The objective of this report is to provide environmental managers with an overview of the state of the practice for ...

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

239

Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EIX LADWP PW SALTRP SEMPRA XCEL Others Coal CCGT Gas St GasEIX LADWP PW SALTRP SEMPRA XCEL Others The results in tableEIX LADWP PW SALTRP SEMPRA XCEL Others Grand- fathering No

Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 20632073 Implications of carbon cap-and-trade for US voluntary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

converted to $/metric ton assuming average regional CO2 emissions rate from eGRID (US EPA, 2004). 6 Data

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Evaluation of MerCAP^TM for Power Plant Mercury Control  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation of MErCaP(tm) for PowEr Plant MErCury Control Background Several technologies are under development for removing mercury from power plant flue gas streams. The mercury...

242

Cluster Synthesis via Ligand-Arrested Solid Growth: Triethylphosphine-Capped Fragments of Binary Metal Chalcogenides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, an oil diffusion pump (Edwards Diffstak 63), and a turbomolecular pump (Edwards ETP63/80)sallows, all enclosed within a Pyrex chamber. Connection to a high vacuum linescomprising a roughing pump

243

Synergistic Effect of Fullerene-Capped Gold Nanoparticles on Graphene Electrochemical Supercapacitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1103-1169. doi:10.1021/cr0300789 ANP V. YONG, H. T. HAHN B.1-2, 1991, pp. 75-81. doi:10.1016/0009-2614(91)80143-L ANPhttp://www.scirp.org/journal/anp) Synergistic Effect of

Yong, Virginia; Hahn, H. Thomas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Convectivc Elements in the Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer. Part II: Entrainment at the Capping Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from two aircraft flights in the marine atmospheric boundary layer are analyzed in an investigation of entrainment processes at the top of the well-mixed layer. Both days had strong wind shear across the inversion, which is reflected in the ...

Siri Jodha Singh Khalsa; Gary K. Greenhut

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

The Need for Speed and Stability in Data Center Power Capping Arka A. Bhattacharya, David Culler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by pro- visioning expensive electrical equipment (such as UPS, diesel generators, and cooling capacity. A lower capacity saves on expenses in utility connection charges, diesel generators, backup batteries generation plants such as hydro-electric plants as well as green energy installations such as solar or wind

Hunt, Galen

246

Evaluation of Modeled Stratocumulus-Capped Boundary Layer Turbulence with Ship-Borne Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerically modeled turbulence simulated by the Advanced Research WRF model is evaluated with turbulence measurements from NOAA’s high resolution Doppler lidar on the NOAA Research Vessel Ronald H. Brown during the VOCALS-REx field program. A non-...

Takanobu Yamaguchi; W. Alan Brewer; Graham Feingold

247

SafeCap Domain Language for Reasoning about Safety and Capacity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The on-going UK SAFECAP project develops modeling techniques and tools for improving railway capacity while ensuring that safety standards are maintained. This paper reports recent SAFECAP results on designing a Domain Specific Language (DSL) that will ... Keywords: railway modelling, formal verification, domain language, route-based signalling, safety

Alexei Iliasov; Alexander Romanovsky

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Time and location differentiated NOX control in competitive electricity markets using cap-and-trade mechanisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to variations in weather and atmospheric chemistry, the timing and location of nitrogen oxide (NOX) reductions determine their effectiveness in reducing ground-level ozone, which adversely impacts human health. Electric ...

Martin, Katherine C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Electricity price impacts of alternative Greenhouse gas emission cap-and-trade programs  

SciTech Connect

Limits on greenhouse gas emissions would raise the prices of the goods and services that require such emissions for their production, including electricity. Looking at a variety of emission limit cases and scenarios for selling or allocating allowances to load-serving entities, the authors estimate how the burden of greenhouse gas limits are likely to be distributed among electricity consumers in different states. (author)

Edelston, Bruce; Armstrong, Dave; Kirsch, Laurence D.; Morey, Mathew J.

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

250

State Commission electricity regulation under Federal Greenhouse gas cap-and-trade policy  

SciTech Connect

Given the current uncertainty about the timing and severity of greenhouse gas constraints on electric generation that will result from a federal program, commissions need to begin crafting strategies and procedures to best serve the public interest in this new environment. (author)

Keeler, Andrew G.

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Influence of Soil Cap Depth and Vegetation on Reclamation of Phosphogypsum Stacks in Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study quantified environmental parameters to develop reclamation strategies for phosphogypsum stacks. Research was conducted on phosphogypsum stack experimental plots established in 2006 (6 soil… (more)

Turner, Elizabeth Lenore

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

The Effect of Slag CapThickness on the Pool Depth in Electroslag ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct Numerical Simulation of Inclusion Turbulent Deposition at Liquid ... Flow and Shrinkage Pipe Formation on Macrosegregation of Investment Cast -TiAl Alloys ... Numerical Modeling of the Interaction between a Foreign Particle an ...

253

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GHG Regulations in Electricity . . . . . . . . . . . . . .and Trade Programs in Electricity: the Case of Californiadown) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4.2 Electricity Analysis

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

High Operating Temperature Quantum-Dot Infrared Photodetector Using Advanced Capping Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate an improvement in the operating temperature of a quantum dot-in-a-well (DWELL)-based infrared photodetector with spectral response observable till 250 K. This improvement was achieved through engineering the dot geometry and the quantum ...

Jiayi Shao; Thomas E. Vandervelde; Woo-Yong Jang; Andreas Stintz; Sanjay Krishna

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

The impact of meridional circulation on stellar butterfly diagrams and polar caps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations of rapidly rotating solar-like stars show a significant mixture of opposite-polarity magnetic fields within their polar regions. To explain these observations, models describing the surface transport of magnetic flux demand the presence of fast meridional flows. Here, we link sub-surface and surface magnetic flux transport simulations to investigate (i) the impact of meridional circulations with peak velocities of <125m/s on the latitudinal eruption pattern of magnetic flux tubes and (ii) the influence of the resulting butterfly diagrams on polar magnetic field properties. Prior to their eruption, magnetic flux tubes with low field strengths and initial cross sections below about 300km experience an enhanced poleward deflection through meridional flows. In particular flux tubes which originate between low and intermediate latitudes within the convective overshoot region are strongly affected. This latitude-dependent poleward deflection of erupting magnetic flux renders the wings of stellar butterfly diagrams distinctively convex. The subsequent evolution of the surface magnetic field shows that the increased number of newly emerging bipoles at higher latitudes promotes the intermingling of opposite polarities of polar magnetic fields. The associated magnetic flux densities are about 20% higher than in the case disregarding the pre-eruptive deflection, which eases the necessity for fast meridional flows predicted by previous investigations. In order to reproduce the observed polar field properties, the rate of the meridional circulation has to be on the order of 100m/s, and the latitudinal range from which magnetic flux tubes originate at the base of the convective zone (<50degrees) must be larger than in the solar case (<35degrees).

V. Holzwarth; D. H. Mackay; M. Jardine

2006-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

256

Modeling & learning from the design recommendations for California's Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate Change has become a Major issue beginning with our generation. Governments the world over are now recognizing that industry cannot continue to pollute in a business-as-usual manner. Emitting Greenhouse gases has a ...

Fernandes, Chester, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Managing distributed ups energy for effective power capping in data centers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power over-subscription can reduce costs for modern data centers. However, designing the power infrastructure for a lower operating power point than the aggregated peak power of all servers requires dynamic techniques to avoid high peak power costs and, ...

Vasileios Kontorinis; Liuyi Eric Zhang; Baris Aksanli; Jack Sampson; Houman Homayoun; Eddie Pettis; Dean M. Tullsen; Tajana Simunic Rosing

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

High-Resolution Numerical Modeling of Thermally Driven Slope Winds in a Valley with Strong Capping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The complete day–night cycle of the circulation over a slope under simplified idealized boundary conditions is investigated by means of large-eddy simulations (LES). The thermal forcing is given with a time-varying law for the surface ...

Franco Catalano; Antonio Cenedese

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

The Relative Valuation of Caps and Swaptions: Theory and Empirical Evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prices; implied volatilities typically do not equal estimates of volatility based on historical data, and often provide more accurate forecasts

Longstaff, Francis A; Santa-Clara, Pedro; Schwartz, Eduardo S

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Geomechanical Simulation of CO{sub 2} Leakage and Cap Rock Remediation  

SciTech Connect

CO{sub 2} sequestration into porous and permeable brine filled aquifers is seen as one of the most likely near-term solutions for reducing greenhouse gases. Safely storing injected CO{sub 2}, which is less dense than water, requires trapping the CO{sub 2} under an impermeable rock which would act as a seal. One of the concerns with CO{sub 2} sequestration is the generation of new fractures or reactivation of existing fractures and faults caused by CO{sub 2} injection into the sealing formation. Mitigation strategies must be developed to remediate potentially leaking faults or fractures. This project evaluated potential storage scenarios in the state of Missouri and developed coupled reservoir and geomechanic simulations to identify storage potential and leakage risks. Further, several injectable materials used to seal discontinuities were evaluated under subsurface conditions. The four sealant materials investigated were paraffin wax, silica based gel, polymer based gel, and micro-cement, which all significantly reduced the fracture permeability. However, the micro-cement was the most effective sealing agent and the only sealant able to withstand the large differential pressure caused by CO{sub 2} or brine injection and create a strong seal to prevent further fracturing.

Nygaard, Runar; Bai, Baojun; Eckert, Andreas

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Cap and trade policies in the presence of monopoly and distortionary taxation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We extend an analytical general equilibrium model of environmental policy with pre-existing labor tax distortions to include pre-existing monopoly power as well. We show that the existence of monopoly power has two offsetting ...

Fullerton, Don.; Metcalf, Gilbert E.

262

Analyzing the Regional Impact of a Fossil Energy Cap in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decoupling fossil energy demand from economic growth is crucial to China’s sustainable development. In addition to energy and carbon intensity targets enacted under the Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011–2015), a coal or fossil ...

Zhang, D.

263

Organically Capped Silicon Nanoparticles with Blue Photoluminescence Prepared by Hydrosilylation Followed by Oxidation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-11 plasma decomposition of silane,12,13 and vapor-phase thermal decomposition of silane or disilane.14-16 Si

Swihart, Mark T.

264

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

can be applied: agent-based models and equilibrium models.its contributions. Agent-based Models. Agent-based modelingof agent-based wholesale electricity market models. Energy

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

A Model for a Shear-Free Convective Boundary Layer with Parameterized Capping Inversion Structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper extends Deardorff's general structure parameterization for a shear-free convective boundary layer. The model suggested employs the mixed layer hypothesis that the buoyancy (which is defined as b = g(?0 ? &rho)/?0, where ? is the density,...

E. E. Fedorovich; D. V. Mironov

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biomass nuclear hydro wind renewable geothermal CO2 rate Figure 2.3: Generation mix by firms in the WECC model As aforementioned, the price-prices is summarized as follows. When there is no carbon regulation, the MW Output gas biomass

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Response of a Subtropical Stratocumulus-Capped Mixed Layer to Climate and Aerosol Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an idealized framework based on a cloud-topped mixed layer model is developed for investigating feedbacks between subtropical stratocumulus (Sc) and global warming. The two principal control parameters are Sc-region sea surface ...

Peter Caldwell; Christopher S. Bretherton

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Capped ED-Mode AlN/GaN Inverters - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The demonstrated inverter is operating at VDD = 5 V and consists of an enhancement- and depletion-mode HEMT with 1.5 nm thin subcritical AlN ...

269

JOURNALDE PHYSIQUEIV Colloque C8, supplkmentau Journal de Physique111,Volume 6, dkcembre 1996  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-81, a transient contribution (LFtr) being recognized as imperative. This contribution exists only during cooling

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

270

Influence of Heat Treatment in /cap beta/ and $gamma$ Phases on the Microscopic Structure of Uranium; INFLUENCE DES TRAITEMENTS THERMIQUES EN PHASES /cap beta/ ET $gamma$ SUR LA STRUCTURE MICROGRAPHIQUE DE L'URANIUM  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new method of microscopic examination of uranium is described. Electrolytic polishing and etching are carried out in an acetic acid-chromic acid bath. Atmospheric or anodic oxidation of the polished surface produces films which follow exactly changes in the structure of the underlying metal. This method is very sensitive to small variations of orientation in polygonized crystals. Using this method of examination of uranium, it was found that annealing U in the {gamma} phase followed by a cooling at a rate dependent of the annealing temperature, causes the formation of substructures different from those due to the polygonization of {alpha}-U. The substructures are indicated by the concentration of impurities on the dislocations induced by the stresses accompanying the allotropic transformation {gamma} {yields} {beta}. Similar treatment of the U-1.4% Cr alloy in which the {beta} phase is stabilized at room temperature, confirms this explanation. In addition to the polygonization substructures, sharp discontinuities can be observed in the network of sub- boundaries as a fine white edging. The comparison of these with the structure revealed by thermal etching in vacuum suggest that there are traces of the grain boundaries of the {gamma} phase. The method of etching followed by oxidation shows a haloed phase identified as UH{sub 3}. The conditions of appearance and disappearance of this phase are studied. The sensitivity of this method of detecting the last traces of H in U is very high. The dependence of the hydrogen content on the tensile properties of uranium metal was also studied. (author)

Robillard, A.

1959-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Market Share Elasticities for Fuel and Technology Choice in Home Heating and Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Price Cap Cost Gas Heat Cap Cost Oil Heat Electric Share GasPrice Cap Cost Gas Heat Cap Cost Oil Heat 3. Summary of WorkEPRI [this study] Cap Cost Elec Heat Oil Price Income Gas

Wood, D.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Self-Assembly of Stimuli-Responsive Water-Soluble [60]Fullerene End-Capped Ampholytic Block Copolymer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Well-defined, water-soluble, pH and temperature stimuli-responsive [60]fullerene (C??) containing ampholytic block copolymer of poly((methacrylic acid)-block-(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate))-block–C?? (P(MAA-b-DMAEMA)-b-C??) ...

Ravi, P.

273

Power Capture (PowCap) Board for Non Intrusive Load Monitoring and Power Line Communication Exploration and Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ApplianceAppliance Features . . . . . . . . . . .data with 7 different appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Balakrishnan, Vikram

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Power Capture (PowCap) Board for Non Intrusive Load Monitoring and Power Line Communication Exploration and Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the appliances, we generate a lookup table containing thethe closest appliance feature in the lookup table. In other

Balakrishnan, Vikram

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Not All Carbon Credits are Created Equal: The Constitutional and the Cost of Regional Cap-and-Trade Market Linkage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California's Green Policies, Encourages More Investment (increased investments from venture capitalists and green jobClean, green technology is] one of the best investments out

Howland, Juliet

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

207_13 Use of Cellular Fatty Acids to Identify Food-Borne Pathogens by Infrared Spectroscopy and Cap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AOCS Press, Urbana, IL 61802 ©2006 by AOCS Press. All rights reserved. No part of this PDF may be repro-

277

The Saccharomyces cerevisiae nuclear cap binding complex regulates RNA synthesis and processing through interactions with RNA polymerase II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nrd1, and the putative helicase Sen1." Mol Cell Biol 16(12):The putative nucleic acid helicase Sen1p is required forrequire a functional Sen1 helicase, a component of the Nrd1

Chung, Christina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

A Leader-Follower Computational Learning Approach to the Study of Restructured Electricity Markets: Investigating Price Caps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the use of a computational learning approach based on a leader-follower multiagent framework in the study of regulation of restructured electricity markets. In a leader-follower multiagent system (LFMAS), a leader (regulator) determines ...

Kurian Tharakunnel; Siddhartha Bhattacharyya

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

On the response of polar cap dynamics to its solar wind and magnetotail drivers at high levels of geomagnetic activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based on solar wind parameters for the storm of 20 Novemberbased on solar wind parameters for the storm of 20 Novembersolar minimum. The source of the magnetic disturbances observed at the Earth's surface during geomagnetic storms

Gao, Ye

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

A multiapproach study of soil attributes under land use and cover change at the Cap de Creus Península, NE Spain.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The work presented in this Doctoral Thesis has studied the temporal and spatial patterns of the most relevant soil parameters with special attention posed to… (more)

Emran Khaled Abd El Aziz, Mohamed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

n. Numero POD N. Presa Indirizzo del punto di prelievo C.A.P. Comune Prov. Distributore Disponibile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

usi MT L 01/03/11 20 NO 7 IT001E00097953 10349128060481 Balbi (via), 5 16126 Genova GE ENEL 247 Multi001E00097951 10349128020022 Balbi (via), 22 16126 Genova GE ENEL 120 Mono Altri usi BT L 01/03/11 20 NO 24 IT001E11957555 1034912820238 Balbi (via), 30 int. 23 16126 Genova GE ENEL 5 Mono Altri usi BT L 01

Genova, UniversitĂ  degli Studi di

282

On the response of polar cap dynamics to its solar wind and magnetotail drivers at high levels of geomagnetic activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for many levels of geomagnetic activity, J. Geophys. Res. ,1988), IMF control of geomagnetic activity, Adv. Spacecontrol of auroral zone geomagnetic activity, Geophys. Res.

Gao, Ye

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Using Section 111 of the Clean Air Act for Cap-and-Trade of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Obstacles and Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

27 For fossil fuel-fired steam generators, for example, EPArequirements. 2 9 For the steam generators, the standard re-

Enion, Rhead M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

On the response of polar cap dynamics to its solar wind and magnetotail drivers at high levels of geomagnetic activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at lags of 13, 24, 37, and 48 months in ACF. Figure 4.7.Autocorrelation function (ACF) of the detrended monthly DURAn autocorrelation function (ACF) [e.g. Shumway and Stoffer,

Gao, Ye

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Boundary Layer Depth, Entrainment, and Decoupling in the Cloud-Capped Subtropical and Tropical Marine Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Estimates of marine boundary layer (MBL) depth and degree of decoupling for two regions of the subtropical and tropical east Pacific are presented using satellite observations from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and the ...

Robert Wood; Christopher S. Bretherton

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Generic medicines and regulatory policies : The effects of differentiated price caps and co-payments on drug prices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??When entering the market, pharmaceutical firms face various regulatory factors that will influence the producer prices for their products. Price competition occurs when generic medicines… (more)

Hofmann, Karen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Synthesis and characterization of sodium Bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfonsuccinate (AOT) capped pure and Mn-doped CdS nanoparticles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CdS nanoparticles and thin films are well known for their excellent semiconducting properties. When transition metal ions are doped into the CdS, it exhibits magnetic properties in addition to semiconducting properties and they are termed as dilute magnetic ...

D. Venkatesan; D. Deepan; J. Ramkumar; S. Moorthy Babu; R. Dhanasekaran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Boundary cap cells constrain spinal motor neuron somal migration at motor exit points by a semaphorin - plexin mechanism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

motor neuron cell body positioning. Targeting Npn-2 and Plexin-A2 by RNAi in the chick induces ectopic migration of motor neuron cell bodies To assess the involvement of these receptors we applied a loss-of-function strategy in the chick, with vectors... in regulating motor neuron cell body positioning, we next looked for possible common downstream cytoplasmic mediators. Members of the MICAL (molecule interacting with CasL) family of flavoprotein monooxygenases [34,35] are among an increasing number of molecules...

Bron, Romke; Vermeren, Matthieu; Kokot, Natalie; Little, Graham E; Mitchell, Kevin J; Andrews, William; Cohen, James

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

289

A comparison of three cap-and-trade market designs and incentives for new technologies to reduce Greenhouse gases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A source-based market design is preferable for its simplicity, lower costs, faster implementation, more accurate tracking and verification, and greater incentives for the adoption of lower-emitting technologies. (author)

Van Horn, Andrew; Remedios, Edward

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

290

MRAP MONTICELLO PROJECTS FEDERAL FACILITY AGREEMENT REPORT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

MRAP MRAP MONTICELLO PROJECTS FEDERAL FACILITY AGREEMENT REPORT May/June 2005 Report Period: May 1 -June 30, 2005 DOE Project Coordinator: Art Kleinrath HIGHLIGHTS DOE constmction, as identified in the Millsite Restoration Plan, was substantially completed on June 3. Seeding of disturbed areas was completed on June 15. MSG DOE completed constmction of the permeable reactive treatment cell and initiated operations in June. The cell is an enhancement to the existing pe1meable reactive ban·ier and was designed to alleviate ground water mounding. MVP Approximately one cubic yard of contaminated material was identified in a City of Monticello excavation near the golf course. This material was transferred to the Temporary Storage Facility located at the DOE Monticello Office.

291

The Implementation of California AB 32 and its Impact on Wholesale Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

implementing cap-and-trade in the electricity industry. Theimplementation of cap-and-trade in the electricity industryimplementing cap-and-trade in the electricity industry. The

Bushnell, Jim B

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Driving Oxygen Coordinated Ligand Exchange at Nanocrystal Surfaces using Trialkylsilylated Chalcogenides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spectra of phosphonate-capped CdSe NCs before (a) and andexchange and oleate-capped CdSe NCs before (c) and after (d)and alkylcarboxylate-capped CdSe and alkylcarboxylate-capped

Caldwell, Marissa A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Service Providers That Exchange Data with Portfolio Manager via...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

STAR Paige Kindell, 513-763-3129 44,145 EnergyCAP, Inc. Exit ENERGY STAR EnergyCAP Enterprise EnergyCAP Express GreenQuest EnergyCAP Professional Exit ENERGY STAR John Heinz,...

294

Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Carbon Cap-and-Trade for Electricity Rate Design, withmeet cap-and- trade regulations in the electricity sector:

Darghouth, Naim Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

PHYSICS, COMPUTER SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS DIVISION. ANNUAL REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it imperative that DOE's requirements be represented in therequirements of the San Francisco Operations Office of DOE.

Birge, Robert W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Making sense of experimental mathematics (MR1413248) - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hopelessly intractable given present mathematical technology. Unified .... some level, this isolation is inherent but it is imperative that communications between ...

297

Agricultural Soil Carbon Sequestration Offset Programs: Strengths, Difficulties, and Suggestions for Their Potential Use in AB 32's Cap and Trade Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

harms involved in agricultural soil carbon sequestration.land-management/soil-carbon- sequestration/en/ (last visitedet al. , Soil Carbon Sequestration – Fundamentals , O HIO S

Bernadett, Lauren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy and Economic Impact in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United States has adopted fuel economy standards that require increases in the on-road efficiency of new passenger vehicles, with the goal of reducing petroleum use, as well as (more recently) greenhouse gas (GHG) ...

Karplus, V.J.

299

Agricultural Soil Carbon Sequestration Offset Programs: Strengths, Difficulties, and Suggestions for Their Potential Use in AB 32's Cap and Trade Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

five times that of carbon dioxide. 63 Manure managementgreenhouse gas emissions. Carbon dioxide is perhaps the mostin millions of tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO 2

Bernadett, Lauren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Agricultural Soil Carbon Sequestration Offset Programs: Strengths, Difficulties, and Suggestions for Their Potential Use in AB 32's Cap and Trade Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

offset credits for installing “a biogas control system thatemissions by installing biogas control systems (BCS), whichin exchange for installing biogas control systems (BCS), a

Bernadett, Lauren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

WATER ICE AND CARBON DIOXIDE ICE INTERACTIONS: CRATER INVESTIGATIONS IN RESIDUAL NORTH POLAR ICE CAP. M.A. Thueson and H. Xie, Earth and Environmental Science, The Uni-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78249, U.S.A. (misti.thueson@gmail.com) (Hongjie.xie@utsa.edu). Introduction sublimes. As summer progresses the walls of the crater, though above the temperature of CO2 sublima- tion (as seen in figure 2), keep a high albedo. This would imply that the walls are water ice. Inuvik

Texas at San Antonio, University of

302

Popping the CO{sub 2}RC: an alternative Load-Based CO{sub 2} Cap-and-Trade instrument for the electricity Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The CO{sub 2}RC method proposed by the authors can effectively reduce CO{sub 2} emissions in electricity markets in a way that is easy to administer, avoids difficult allowance distribution issues, and eliminates leakage because it involves all generators. It provides strong and direct incentives for renewables and efficiency, and promises to work well in markets with incomplete participation. (author)

Michel, Steven; Nielsen, John

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

Emissions Offsets: The Key Role of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets in a U.S. Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For U.S. industries with operations that emit greenhouse gases (GHGs), climate policy is no longer a distant possibility it is being planned and, in some cases, implemented today. While debate on a federal GHG trade program continues in Congress, CO2 emission reduction requirements have been put in effect in Northeastern States (i.e., the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative RGGI), are being developed in California (to implement the state's "Global Warming Solutions Act" AB32), and are being designed in th...

2010-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

304

AUTORES/AS: D. Mart, R. Carbonell, I. Flecha , I. Palomeras, J. Font-Cap, E. Vzquez-Su,, and A. Prez-Estan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in an old abandoned uranium mine. 2D and 3D seismic experiments including VSP, surface seismic reflection

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

305

Wind energy systems application to regional utilities. [SERIES code; WINDS code; PHASES code; AVERAGE code; NETLOAD code; GENSYS code; PROCOST code; CAP6 code; EVEN code  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A methodology for analyzing the economic impact of WECS on a utility is described in Volume I of this report. The methodology requires extrapolating both historical utility load data and historical wind power into a year of analysis; calculating the total amount of funds made available in that year, as a result of the inclusion of wind power in the utility mix; and then estimating the present value of the total funds made available to the utility over the life of the WECS. To apply the methodology to a specific case, it was necessary to develop various computer programs. The following sections in this report list the programs developed for this study, briefly summarize their contents, and explain how they are used. Wherever possible, a typical input/output file is shown.

Not Available

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Copper-catalyzed arylation of 1,2-amino alcohols. Synthesis of N-terminal, peptide helix initiators, and characterization of highly helical, capped polyalanine peptides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I. An improved Ullmann reaction for N- or O-arylation of 1,2-aminoalcohols with aryl iodides is described. The procedures enjoy several advantages over traditional methods: a substoichiometric amount of copper catalyst is ...

Job, Gabriel Ethan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Effects Caused by Varying the Strength of the Capping Inversion Based on a Large Eddy Simulation Model of the Shear-Free Convective Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effects caused by variation of the potential temperature lapse rate ? in the free atmosphere are examined based on a “large eddy simulation” model of the shear-free convective atmospheric boundary layer. The obtained results show that only near ...

Zbigniew Sorbjan

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Constitutional Implications of Regional CO2 Cap-and-Trade Programs: The Northeast Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative as a Case in Point  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Northeast Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative as a CaseSee generally Reg'l Greenhouse Gas Initiative, About RGGI,18, 2009). 3. Reg'l Greenhouse Gas Initiative, Memorandum of

Funk, William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Relativistic shocks in electron-positron plasmas, and polar cap accretion onto neutron stars: Two non-linear problems in astrophysical plasma physics  

SciTech Connect

I outline particle simulations and theory of relativistic shock waves in an e/sup +-/ plasma. Magnetic reflection of particles is an essential role in the shock structure. Instability of the reflected particles in the shock front produces intense extraordinary mode radiation. Such shocks are candidates for the particle accelerator in plerions and in extragalactic jets only if the upstream Poynting flux composes no more than 10% of the total. I summarize analytical and numerical studies of radiation dominated accretion onto the magnetic poles of neutron stars. The upper limit to the photon luminosity depends upon magnetic confinement, not upon the dragging of photons into the star. Numerical solutions show the plasma forms large scale ''photon bubbles.'' I suggest the percolative loss of radiation controls the pressure and therefore the limits of magnetic confinement. Loss of magnetic confinement through resistive interchange instability is suggested as a means of generating TeV to PeV voltage drops along the magnetic field. 34 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Arons, J.

1988-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

Agreement between the California Association of Professional Scientists (CAPS), Bargaining Unit 10 Professional Scientific and the State of California, 2001-2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 105(b) of the Internal Revenue Code. All participants inagencies and/or the Internal Revenue Service. Each State

California Association of Professional Scientists (CAPS), Bargaining Unit 10 Professional Scientific

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Radiation Shielding Design and Orientation Considerations for a 1 kWe Heat Pipe Cooled Reactor Utilized to Bore Through the Ice Caps of Mars  

SciTech Connect

The goal in designing any space power system is to develop a system able to meet the mission requirements for success while minimizing the overall costs. The mission requirements for the this study was to develop a reactor (with Stirling engine power conversion) and shielding configuration able to fit, along with all the other necessary science equipment, in a Cryobot 3 m high with {approx}0.5 m diameter hull, produce 1 kWe for 5yrs, and not adversely affect the mission science by keeping the total integrated dose to the science equipment below 150 krad. Since in most space power missions the overall system mass dictates the mission cost, the shielding designs in this study incorporated Martian water extracted at the startup site in order to minimize the tungsten and LiH mass loading at launch. Different reliability and mass minimization concerns led to three design configuration evolutions. With the help of implementing Martian water and configuring the reactor as far from the science equipment as possible, the needed tungsten and LiH shield mass was minimized. This study further characterizes the startup dose and the necessary mission requirements in order to ensure integrity of the surface equipment during reactor startup phase.

Fensin, Michael L. [Department of Nuclear and Radiological Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Elliott, John O. [Jet Propulsion Laboratories, California Institute of Technology, Pasedena, Ca 91109 (United States); Lipinski, Ronald J. [Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, NM 87185 (United States); Poston, David I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

312

The Essential Role of State Enforcement in the Brave New World of Greenhouse Gas Emission Limits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cap-and- trade market for the electricity and industrialof a cap-and-trade market, in which electricity generatorsA cap-and-trade market, like an electricity market, will

Bogoshian, Matt; Alex, Ken

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

A multi-scale approach to statistical and model-based structural health monitoring with application to embedded sensing for wind energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

blade design that included a carbon fiber spar cap, with athe rotor blade’s carbon fiber spar cap, taking advantage ofpaths that lay along the carbon fiber spar cap A(spar). The

Taylor, Stuart Glynn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

COMPUTER PROGRAM CCC USER'S MANUAL VERSION II.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Average system temperature (TEMPAD). HEAT CAPACITY Totalsystem heat capacity (CAPS). Heat content of total system (2). TOT CAP Total heat capacity (CAPMS). TOT HEAT Total heat

Mangold, D.C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Microsoft PowerPoint - Proceedings Cover Sheets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Legislation * EIA asked to perform NEMS analysis on various carbon cap scenarios in the power generation sector * Caps initiated in 2010, slightly escalate beyond inflation (5%)...

316

From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of differentiated energy tariffs for CAPS whose waterof differentiated energy tariffs for CAPS (Art. 25); andinclude differentiated energy tariffs, tax exemptions for

Romano, Sarah T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Life Cycle Regulation of Transportation Fuels: Uncertainty and its Policy Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s cap-and-trade and its impact on electricity markets.of a cap-and-trade program. The Electricity Journal 20(7),

Plevin, Richard Jay

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Life of Sugar: Developing Lifecycle Methods to Evaluate the Energy and Environmental Impacts of Sugarcane Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s cap-and-trade and its impact on electricity markets.s planned cap-and-trade program for the electricity sector [

Gopal, Anand Raja

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Universal fluid droplet ejector - Energy Innovation Portal  

A droplet generator comprises a fluid reservoir having a side wall made of glass or quartz, and an end cap made from a silicon plate. The end cap ...

320

The Changing Climate of Cooperative Federalism: The Dynamic Role of the States in a National Strategy to Combat Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

state or regional cap-and- trade program, retiring allowances in a federal cap-and-trade sys- tem, requiring certain amounts of renewable energy production,

Snyder, Jared; Binder, Jonathan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Optimizing U.S. Mitigation Strategies for the Light-Duty Transportation Sector: What We Learn from a Bottom-Up Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

+ transportation cap without biofuel mandate after 2015 30%transportation cap without biofuel mandate after 2015 and noassumptions and improved biofuel characterization (see

Yeh, Sonia; Farrell, Alexander E.; Plevin, Richard J; Sanstad, Alan; Weyant, John

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Implementing Sustainability| The Factors That Drive It and the Perspectives That Thrive in It.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Numerous companies are accepting sustainability as an organizational imperative. There is, however, little convergence on how organizations become sustainable. Some researchers suggest that a… (more)

Stoughton, Anne Marie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

The Disruptive Dialogue Project: Crafting Critical Space in Higher Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

faculty work: Higher education’s strategic imperative. Sanfor the Study of Higher Education, Anaheim, CA. *Carducci,the public agenda for higher education. Symposium presented

Carducci, Rozana; Kuntz, Aaron M.; Gildersleeve, Ryan Evely; Pasque, Penny A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Renewable Hydrogen From Wind in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

owner might have to low electricity rates is fairly limited,to lower than retail electricity rates is imperative forsupplemental grid electricity rates. Sources 1. “Renewable

Bartholomy, Obadiah

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Modeling & Simulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling & Simulation Modeling & Simulation Research into alternative forms of energy, especially energy security, is one of the major national security imperatives of this...

326

Definition: Energy Poverty | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of the World Economic Forum, "Access to energy is fundamental to improving quality of life and is a key imperative for economic development. In the developing world, energy...

327

JGI - Why Sequence Seed Plant Mitochondria?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

properties of plant mtDNAs have now been revealed that comprehensive comparative genome sequencing is imperative. This work will provide a much deeper and richer...

328

Drop-in replacement biofuels : meeting the challenge.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a discussion on the challenges that must be met to fulfill the U.S. Navy's strategic imperatives for its energy vision. It provides… (more)

Bhargava, Alok (Alok Kishore)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Diversity, Discrimination, and Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

share their race. Age diversity predicts higher turnover (Working through diversity as a strategic imperative” (pp.in S. E. Jackson (Ed. ), Diversity in the workplace: Human

Leonard, Jonathan; Levine, David I.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Management Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Affordability of Nuclear Power 4.3. Imperative 3: Enable a Transition Away from Fossil Fuels by Producing Process Heat for Use in the Transportation and Industrial...

331

Hydropower cities : a new candidate for eco-utopia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The increasing need for water due to incessant growth of population of the world makes it imperative to build water reservoirs in different location of… (more)

Akbarzadeh, Masoud, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

CIRE Graduate Fellowships at UT/ORNL | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CIRE Graduate Fellowships at UTORNL CIRE Graduate Fellowships NScD recognizes a special imperative of contributing towards and augmenting strength and excellence in science and...

333

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modern Grid Strategy THE TRANSMISSION SMART GRID IMPERATIVE Developed for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability by the National Energy...

334

Risk Assessment using Image-Based Hemodynamic Modeling of Patients with Coronary Artery Aneurysms caused by Kawasaki Disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are – res_scale, cap_scale_cim and cap_scale_ca. The res_capacitance scaling cap_scale_cim and cap_scale_ca are usedL@) BA) C) AC) A) R) HNO) CIM) BIKB) CIBP) AIAK) KIAL) MB)

Sengupta, Dibyendu

335

femmina  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... chosen. choreography. chicon. cheltemham. chelt. chayefsky. chastenay. chastain. chalongphob. ceskoslovensko. cbu. caress. cap. camata. calmaquip ...

336

Offering Songs, Festive Songs, Processional Songs mGar-gLu, Khro-Glu, Phebsnga: Tashi Tsering's Music: Purudi Kangri Chockpa Da, 'From the innermost valley to the snow capped mountains'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the valley of hills The king of the klu is also happy to see us He’s happy to meet us in person ?????????????????????? Phayul tongyong tsam de ?????????????????????????? Lhamu go ladhen be ??????????????????????? Phyal me mangyel methu khala dee... the valley of hills The king of the klu is also happy to see us He’s happy to meet us in person ?????????????????????? Phayul tongyong tsam de ?????????????????????????? Lhamu go ladhen be ??????????????????????? Phyal me mangyel methu khala dee...

Blumenthal, Katey

337

OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The Science Knowledge Imperative: Making Non-Googleable Science Findable The Science Knowledge Imperative: Making Non-Googleable Science Findable Slide01 The Science Knowledge Imperative: Making Non-Googleable Science Findable Dr. Walter L. Warnick Director United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific & Technical Information Computers in Libraries Conference Arlington, Virginia March 30, 2009 walter.warnick@science.doe.gov The Science Knowledge Imperative: Making Non-Googleable Science Findable Slide02 Computers in Libraries 2009 Theme: "Creating Tomorrow: Spreading Ideas & Learning" * Science progresses as knowledge is shared * OSTI Corollary: Accelerating the sharing of knowledge accelerates the advancement of science The Science Knowledge Imperative: Making Non-Googleable Science Findable Slide03 But before we can accelerate the sharing of knowledge...

338

Techniques for assessing the performance of in situ bioreduction and immobilization of metals and radionuclides in contaminated subsurface environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Department of Energy (DOE) facilities within the weapons complex face a daunting challenge of remediating huge below inventories of legacy radioactive and toxic metal waste. More often than not, the scope of the problem is massive, particularly in the high recharge, humid regions east of the Mississippi river, where the off-site migration of contaminants continues to plague soil water, groundwater, and surface water sources. As of 2002, contaminated sites are closing rapidly and many remediation strategies have chosen to leave contaminants in-place. In situ barriers, surface caps, and bioremediation are often the remedial strategies of chose. By choosing to leave contaminants in-place, we must accept the fact that the contaminants will continue to interact with subsurface and surface media. Contaminant interactions with the geosphere are complex and investigating long term changes and interactive processes is imperative to verifying risks. We must be able to understand the consequences of our action or inaction. The focus of this manuscript is to describe recent technical developments for assessing the performance of in situ bioremediation and immobilization of subsurface metals and radionuclides. Research within DOE's NABIR and EMSP programs has been investigating the possibility of using subsurface microorganisms to convert redox sensitive toxic metals and radionuclides (e.g. Cr, U, Tc, Co) into a less soluble, less mobile forms. Much of the research is motivated by the likelihood that subsurface metal-reducing bacteria can be stimulated to effectively alter the redox state of metals and radionuclides so that they are immobilized in situ for long time periods. The approach is difficult, however, since subsurface media and waste constituents are complex with competing electron acceptors and hydrogeological conditions making biostimulation a challenge. Performance assessment of in situ biostimulation strategies is also difficult and typically requires detailed monitoring of coupled hydrological, geochemical/geophysical, and microbial processes. In the following manuscript we will (1) discuss contaminant fate and transport problems in humid regimes, (2) efforts to immobilize metals and radionuclides in situ via bioremediation, and (3) state-of-the-art techniques for assessing the performance of in situ bioreduction and immobilization of metals and radionuclides. These included (a) in situ solution and solid phase monitoring, (b) in situ and laboratory microbial community analysis, (c) noninvasive geophysical methods, and (d) solid phase speciation via high resolution spectroscopy.

Jardine, P.M.; Watson, D.B.; Blake, D.A.; Beard, L.P.; Brooks, S.C.; Carley, J.M.; Criddle, C.S.; Doll, W.E.; Fields, M.W.; Fendorf, S.E.; Geesey, G.G.; Ginder-Vogel, M.; Hubbard, S.S.; Istok, J.D.; Kelly, S.; Kemner, K.M.; Peacock, A.D.; Spalding, B.P.; White, D.C.; Wolf, A.; Wu, W.; Zhou, J.

2004-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

339

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CAP Program Guidance CAP Program Guidance In 2002, the Department of Energy signed an interagency agreement with the Department of Defense's Computer/Electronic Accommodations Program (CAP) program to provide assistive/adaptive technology free of charge to DOE employees with disabilities. The following information regarding CAP is being provided to assist federal employees, managers and on- site disability coordinators with the CAP application process. For more information, visit the CAP website at www.tricare.mil/cap/ or contact CAP's DOE point of contact: Suzanne K. Piper Accommodations Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy Room 4E-084 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0733 (202) 586-8515 Voice (202) 586-9375 Fax Suzanne.Piper@hq.doe.gov

340

Do Transportation and Communications Tend to Be Substitutes, Complements, or Neither? U.S. Consumer Expenditures Perspective, 1984–2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hicksian own-price elasticities for PV-cap in the weightedsigni?cant. Own-price elasticities for PV-cap in all otherprice. On the other hand, some positive, signi?cant results (PV

Choo, Sangho; Lee, Taihyeong; Mokhtarian, Patricia L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Emissions impacts of marginal electricity demand California hydrogen supply pathways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hicksian own-price elasticities for PV-cap in the weightedsigni?cant. Own-price elasticities for PV-cap in all otherprice. On the other hand, some positive, signi?cant results (PV

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Do Transportation and Communications Tend to Be Substitutes, Complements, or Neither? U.S. Consumer Expenditures Perspective, 1984-2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hicksian own-price elasticities for PV-cap in the weightedsigni?cant. Own-price elasticities for PV-cap in all otherprice. On the other hand, some positive, signi?cant results (PV

Choo, Sangho; Lee, Taihyeong; Mokhtarian, Patricia L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Putting downward pressure on natural gas prices: The impact of renewable energy and energy efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

increase in costs associated with renewable energy or energydesigned renewable energy program with less-binding costcost caps are reached, ensuring that consumers pay a capped price for some number of proxy renewable energy

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; St. Clair, Matthew

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Errata Corrections as of February 7, 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Errata Corrections as of February 7, 2012. 1. On Table 21 of the Scenario Case Data spreadsheet files for the Credit Cap 2.1 and Credit Cap 3.0 tables, data for ...

345

Incomplete Environmental Regulation, Imperfect Competition, and Emissions Leakage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nia’ electricity sector under a source-based cap-and-tradeand-trade program limiting GHG emissions from electricityelectricity markets represent the majority of emissions currently targeted by regional cap-and-trade

Fowlie, Meredith

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Capacity Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or to increase the energy price-cap in order to avoid thei.e. K + ? ? 1. A3 : The foreign energy price is higherthan the national energy price-cap, i.e. f > P. If recalled,

Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Hunting Goodwill: A History of the Concept of Goodwill in Trademark Law  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at 472. Boston Professional Hockey, Ass’n v. Dallas Cap &arguing that Boston Hockey relied on unjust enrichment).in Boston Professional Hockey, Ass’n v. Dallas Cap & Emblem

Bone, Robert G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Genetically Engineered Protein Modules: Development and Applications in Anti-Viral Agent Screening and Cancer Marker Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mattoussi, H. 2006. Capping of CdSe-ZnS quantum dots withMattoussi, H. 2006. Capping of CdSe-ZnS quantum dots withGerion, D. 2004. Fluorescent CdSe/ZnS nanocrystal-peptide

BISWAS, PAYAL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adopt, consisting of an energy market with price caps and adesign featuring an energy market with price If the TOU anddesigns (e.g. , an energy market with a price cap, combined

Darghouth, Naim Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Supporting Solar Power in Renewables Portfolio Standards: Experience from the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

communication providing data on solar hot water collectorwithout a separate cap for the solar set-aside. These statesseparate caps for their solar and DG set-asides. References

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Microsoft PowerPoint - Deepwater Horizon Containment - 30 JUN...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

450 500 Cumulative Recovered, Thousands Barrels Cum. LM RP Cap Cum. Q4000 Daily Total Oil Recovered: LMRP Cap + Q4000 (Approximate volumes) Does not include 22,000 barrels...

352

Ocean–Atmosphere Forcing of Summer Streamflow Drought in Great Britain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Droughts are high-impact events that have substantial implications for both human and natural systems. As such, improved understanding of the hydroclimatological processes involved in drought development is a major scientific imperative of direct ...

Daniel G. Kingston; Anne K. Fleig; Lena M. Tallaksen; David M. Hannah

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

The verge : transforming an insufficient edge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis considers a new edge strategy for an Insufficient waterfront. The shore of Bass Harbor poses a problem significant to the whole Maine coast, as the access and Infrastructure imperative to the fishing industries ...

Edson, Rebecca M. (Rebecca Monroe)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

MINERVA - A Dynamic Logic Programming Agent Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The agent paradigm, commonly implemented by means of imperative languages mainly for reasons of efficiency, has recently increased its influence in the research and development of computational logic based systems. Since efficiency is not always the ...

Joăo Alexandre Leite; José Júlio Alferes; Luís Moniz Pereira

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Slide10 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Site Usage Statistics More than 95% of your customers will use less than 5% of the features and functions of your site. Imperative that for a site to be successful it must...

356

Obtaining performance and programmability using reconfigurable hardware for media processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An imperative requirement in the design of a reconfigurable computing system or in the development of a new application on such a system is performance gains. However, such developments suffer from long-and-difficult ...

Kung, Ling-Pei, 1961-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

An experimental and numerical study of wind turbine seismic behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 1.1: White Water Wind Farm located near Palm Springs,testing at their active wind farm near Mojave, California.It is imperative that wind farms remain in operation

Prowell, I.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Using Functional Languages in Formal Methods: The Pet System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programming language TCL/TK. The interface between the two parts is done through a communication protocol minimal work left for the TCL/TK front­end (which is much slower than SML/NJ), besides the imperative

Peled, Doron A.

359

Feldspar: application and implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Feldspar project aims to develop a domain specific language for Digital Signal Processing algorithm design. From functional descriptions, imperative code (currently C) is generated. The project partners are Ericsson, Chalmers and ELTE, Budapest. ...

Emil Axelsson; Mary Sheeran

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Turbulent Flux Transfer over Bare-Soil Surfaces: Characteristics and Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Parameterization of turbulent flux from bare-soil and undercanopy surfaces is imperative for modeling land–atmosphere interactions in arid and semiarid regions, where flux from the ground is dominant or comparable to canopy-sourced flux. This ...

Kun Yang; Toshio Koike; Hirohiko Ishikawa; Joon Kim; Xin Li; Huizhi Liu; Shaomin Liu; Yaoming Ma; Jieming Wang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Reply to comment Slide02 Submitted by gibsone on Fri, 2013-08-30 07:13 FY2010-STIP-Warnick Slide02 Collaboration Is Imperative Info Age OSTI TIO STIM OR Info Age STIM TIO OSTI...

362

Slide05 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Is Our Culture Since 1997, collaboration has been imperative to the success of STIP DOE is still at forefront of the Information Age Our actions put DOE ahead of the E-gov...

363

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

to comment Slide05 Submitted by gibsone on Thu, 2013-09-12 12:11 quicktabs-title FY2005-stip Slide05 Collaboration Is Our Culture Since 1997, collaboration has been imperative to...

364

Energy at the Frontier : low carbon energy system transitions and innovation in four prime mover countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All too often, discussion about the imperative to change national energy pathways revolves around long timescales and least cost economics of near-term energy alternatives. While both elements certainly matter, they don't ...

Araújo, Kathleen M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Reverse hoare logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel Hoare-style logic, called Reverse Hoare Logic, which can be used to reason about state reachability of imperative programs. This enables us to give natural specifications to randomized (deterministic or nondeterministic) algorithms. ...

Edsko de Vries; Vasileios Koutavas

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

The Toppler Effect : irregular leader transitions and the rate of state failure recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

State failure is becoming increasingly prevalent across the globe, creating human suffering, black markets, lost economic opportunities, and safe havens for militant actors. It is imperative that the international community ...

Wahedi, Laila A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Drop-in replacement biofuels : meeting the challenge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a discussion on the challenges that must be met to fulfill the U.S. Navy's strategic imperatives for its energy vision. It provides an introduction to drop-in replacement biofuels, the options amongst ...

Bhargava, Alok (Alok Kishore)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Systematic Testing of Model-Based Code Generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unlike for conventional compilers for imperative programming languages such as C or ADA, no establishedmethods for safeguarding artifacts generated by model-based code generators exist despite progress in the field of formalverification. Several test ... Keywords: Testing and Debugging

Ingo Stuermer; Mirko Conrad; Heiko Doerr; Peter Pepper

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Deriving resource efficient designs using the REFLECT aspect-oriented approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the context of the REFLECT project[1] we have developed an aspect-oriented compilation and synthesis toolchain that aims at facilitating the mapping of applications described in high-level imperative programming languages, such as C, to heterogeneous ...

José G. F. Coutinho; Joăo M. P. Cardoso; Tiago Carvalho; Ricardo Nobre; Sujit Bhattacharya; Pedro C. Diniz; Liam Fitzpatrick; Razvan Nane

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

An Optimal Algorithm for Purging Regular Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A joint application of four optimizing transformations for purging imperative programs—elimination of useless statements, unwinding of degenerate loops, removal from loops, and removal from branch statements—is considered. A model of regular ...

D. L. Uvarov

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Executable specifications for Java programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we present a unified environment for running declarative specifications in the context of an imperative object-oriented programming language. Specifications are Alloy-like, written in first-order relational ...

Milicevic, Aleksandar, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Inventory systems with multi-class demands under continuous review: policies and algorithms.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ABSTRACT As the after-market service industry’s prospects grow, it is becoming imperative for the OEMs to satisfy their customer’s varying service requirements and do so… (more)

Ghosh, Sugoutam.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Diversity, Discrimination, and Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Working through diversity as a strategic imperative." In S.E. Jackson (Ed. ), Diversity in the workplace: HumanDiTomaso, J. “Myths about diversity: What managers need to

Levine, David I.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Trinity and NERSC-8 Draft Technical Requirements, Version 1.x  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

many-core architectures. This need is closely aligned with the US Department of Energy's 2011 strategic plan, which states an imperative to continue to advance the frontiers of...

375

Modeling uncertainty in the New York City no. 7 subway line extension project using Decision Aids for Tunnelling (DAT)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given the frequent cost overruns and schedule delays associated with underground construction projects, it is imperative that a detailed estimate of both be developed and considered prior to starting construction. The ...

Hung, Vinnie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Energy, power, and office buildings : design and analysis of an off-peak cooling system using structural mass storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the electric utilities face ever increasing peak power production requirements, (mostly from the commercial sector) scheduled "time-of-day" pricing schemes have become imperative. At present, most conservation strategies ...

Mathis, Rory Christopher

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Hydropower cities : a new candidate for eco-utopia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The increasing need for water due to incessant growth of population of the world makes it imperative to build water reservoirs in different location of the world. Water reservoirs most of the time are used as a mean to ...

Akbarzadeh, Masoud, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

SOUTENANCE DE THESE AYYAZ MAHMOOD PARACHA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fabrice VERJUS Examinateur Président Cap-VRF Jean-Marc LAHEURTE Examinateur Professeur, Université Paris

Baudoin, Geneviève

379

NIST Global Standards Information Standards Education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Curricula Development CAP provides financial assistance to support curriculum development for the undergraduate and/or graduate level to ...

380

Fully-depleted, back-illuminated charge-coupled devices fabricated on high-resistivity silicon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

layer capped by indium tin oxide and silicon dioxide. Thisand ? 600 ? of indium tin oxide (ITO) A is deposited [27].

Holland, Stephen E.; Groom, Donald E.; Palaio, Nick P.; Stover, Richard J.; Wei, Mingzhi

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Microsoft 2.4GHz Wireless Protocol White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to turn on the light-emitting diode in the keyboard's Caps Lock, or change the functions of the mouse

Narasayya, Vivek

382

monitoring talk 2.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas hydrate formation Wettability Pore Pressure or Insitu temperature - leakagesweep - pressure drop - permeability - permeability - permeability - formation integrity - cap...

383

Characterization of Current Production AOD+ESR Alloy 625 Plate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

corrosion resistance are bubble caps, reaction vessels, distillation columns ..... Actual and Simulated Gas Turbine Environments”, Materials and Manufacturing.

384

The Arabidopsis TRM1TON1 Interaction Reveals a Recruitment Network Common to Plant Cortical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

microtubules via its C-terminal TON1 interaction motif. Interestingly, three motifs of TRMs are found in CAP350, a human centrosomal protein interacting with FOP, and the C-terminal M2 motif of CAP350 is responsible., 2006). CAP350 has also been proposed to specifically stabilize Golgi-associated microtubules

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

385

PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Fourth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 9-11, 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: A REMOTE SENSING TOOL TO MONITOR STEAM CAP MIGRATIONS? Franklin G. Horowitz1,2 , Peter Hornby2 , Eric J deformations over an operating geothermal field is emerging that might serve to monitor steam cap migrations/supplement to microgravity surveying for monitoring the migration of steam caps in an operating geothermal field

Stanford University

386

Electronic firing systems and methods for firing a device  

SciTech Connect

An electronic firing system comprising a control system, a charging system, an electrical energy storage device, a shock tube firing circuit, a shock tube connector, a blasting cap firing circuit, and a blasting cap connector. The control system controls the charging system, which charges the electrical energy storage device. The control system also controls the shock tube firing circuit and the blasting cap firing circuit. When desired, the control system signals the shock tube firing circuit or blasting cap firing circuit to electrically connect the electrical energy storage device to the shock tube connector or the blasting cap connector respectively.

Frickey, Steven J. (Boise, ID); Svoboda, John M. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

387

System and method for reducing combustion dynamics in a combustor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system for reducing combustion dynamics in a combustor includes an end cap having an upstream surface axially separated from a downstream surface, and tube bundles extend through the end cap. A diluent supply in fluid communication with the end cap provides diluent flow to the end cap. Diluent distributors circumferentially arranged inside at least one tube bundle extend downstream from the downstream surface and provide fluid communication for the diluent flow through the end cap. A method for reducing combustion dynamics in a combustor includes flowing fuel through tube bundles that extend axially through an end cap, flowing a diluent through diluent distributors into a combustion chamber, wherein the diluent distributors are circumferentially arranged inside at least one tube bundle and each diluent distributor extends downstream from the end cap, and forming a diluent barrier in the combustion chamber between at least one pair of adjacent tube bundles.

Uhm, Jong Ho; Johnson, Thomas Edward; Zuo, Baifang; York, William David

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

388

Final Report for Ă?¢Ă?Â?Ă?Â?Cloud-Aerosol Physics in Super-Parameterized Atmospheric Regional Climate Simulations (CAP-SPARCS)Ă?¢Ă?Â?Ă?Âť (DE-SC0002003) for 8/15/2009 through 8/14/2012  

SciTech Connect

Improving the representation of local and non-local aerosol interactions in state-of-the-science regional climate models is a priority for the coming decade (Zhang, 2008). With this aim in mind, we have combined two new technologies that have a useful synergy: (1) an aerosol-enabled regional climate model (Advanced Weather Research and Forecasting Model with Chemistry WRF-Chem), whose primary weakness is a lack of high quality boundary conditions and (2) an aerosol-enabled multiscale modeling framework (PNNL Multiscale Aerosol Climate Model (MACM)), which is global but captures aerosol-convection-cloud feedbacks, and thus an ideal source of boundary conditions. Combining these two approaches has resulted in an aerosol-enabled modeling framework that not only resolves high resolution details in a particular region, but crucially does so within a global context that is similarly faithful to multi-scale aerosol-climate interactions. We have applied and improved the representation of aerosol interactions by evaluating model performance over multiple domains, with (1) an extensive evaluation of mid-continent precipitation representation by multiscale modeling, (2) two focused comparisons to transport of aerosol plumes to the eastern United States for comparison with observations made as part of the International Consortium for Atmospheric Research on Transport and Transformation (ICARTT), with the first being idealized and the second being linked to an extensive wildfire plume, and (3) the extension of these ideas to the development of a new approach to evaluating aerosol indirect effects with limited-duration model runs by �¢����nudging�¢��� to observations. This research supported the work of one postdoc (Zhan Zhao) for two years and contributed to the training and research of two graduate students. Four peer-reviewed publications have resulted from this work, and ground work for a follow-on project was completed.

Lynn M. Russell; Richard C.J. Somerville

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

389

Contract/Project Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fourth Quarter Fourth Quarter Overall Contract and Project Management Improvement Performance Metrics and Targets 1 Contract/Project Management Primary Performance Metrics FY 2011 Target FY 2011 Actual FY 2011 Pre- & Post-CAP Actual Comment 1a. Capital Asset Line Item Projects: (Pre-RCA/CAP) Projects completed within 110% of CD-2 TPC. 1b. Capital Asset Line Item Projects: (Post-RCA/CAP) 90% Line Item 84% Line Item 77% Pre-CAP 100% Post-CAP This is based on a 3-year rolling average (FY09 to FY11). TPC is Total Project Cost. 2a. EM Cleanup (Soil and Groundwater Remediation, D&D, and Waste Treatment and Disposal) Projects: (Pre- RAC/CAP) 90% of Projects completed within 110% of CD-2 TPC by FY12. 2b. EM Cleanup (Soil and Groundwater Remediation,

390

Contract/Project Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fourth Quarter Fourth Quarter Overall Contract and Project Management Performance Metrics and Targets 1 Contract/Project Management Primary Performance Metrics FY 2010 Target FY 2010 Actual FY 2010 Pre- & Post-CAP Comment 1a. Capital Asset Line Item Projects: (Pre-RCA/CAP) 90% of projects completed within 110% of CD-2 TPC by FY11. 1b. Capital Asset Line Item Projects: (Post-RCA/CAP) 85% Line Item 69% Line Item 67% Pre-CAP 100% Post-CAP This is based on a 3-year rolling average (FY08 to FY10). TPC is Total Project Cost. 2a. EM Cleanup (Soil and Groundwater Remediation, D&D, and Waste Treatment and Disposal) Projects: (Pre- RAC/CAP) 90% of projects completed within 110% of CD-2 TPC by FY11. 2b. EM Cleanup (Soil and Groundwater Remediation,

391

Contract/Project Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 st Quarter Overall Contract and Project Management Performance Metrics and Targets 1 Contract/Project Management Primary Performance Metrics FY 2010 Target 1st Qtr FY 2010 Actual FY 2010 Pre- & Post-CAP Comment 1a. Capital Asset Line Item Projects: (Pre-RCA/CAP) 90% of projects completed within 110% of CD-2 TPC by FY11. 1b. Capital Asset Line Item Projects: (Post-RCA/CAP) 85% Line Item 73% Line Item 70% Pre-CAP 100% Post-CAP This is a projection based on a 3-year rolling average (FY08 to FY10). TPC is Total Project Cost. 2a. EM Cleanup (Soil and Groundwater Remediation, D&D, and Waste Treatment and Disposal) Projects: (Pre- RAC/CAP) 90% of projects completed within 110% of CD-2 TPC by FY11. 2b. EM Cleanup (Soil and Groundwater Remediation,

392

Contract/Project Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Second Quarter Second Quarter Overall Contract and Project Management Improvement Performance Metrics and Targets 1 Contract/Project Management Primary Performance Metrics FY 2011 Target FY 2011 Forecast FY 2011 Pre- & Post-CAP Forecast Comment 1a. Capital Asset Line Item Projects: (Pre-RCA/CAP) Projects completed within 110% of CD-2 TPC. 1b. Capital Asset Line Item Projects: (Post-RCA/CAP) 90% Line Item 84% Line Item 78% Pre-CAP 100% Post-CAP This is based on a 3-year rolling average (FY09 to FY11). TPC is Total Project Cost. 2a. EM Cleanup (Soil and Groundwater Remediation, D&D, and Waste Treatment and Disposal) Projects: (Pre- RAC/CAP) 90% of Projects completed within 110% of CD-2 TPC by FY12. 2b. EM Cleanup (Soil and Groundwater Remediation,

393

Contract/Project Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Third Quarter Third Quarter Overall Contract and Project Management Performance Metrics and Targets 1 Contract/Project Management Primary Performance Metrics FY 2010 Target FY 2010 Forecast FY 2010 Pre- & Post-CAP Comment 1a. Capital Asset Line Item Projects: (Pre-RCA/CAP) 90% of projects completed within 110% of CD-2 TPC by FY11. 1b. Capital Asset Line Item Projects: (Post-RCA/CAP) 85% Line Item 71% Line Item 70% Pre-CAP 100% Post-CAP This is a projection based on a 3-year rolling average (FY08 to FY10). TPC is Total Project Cost. 2a. EM Cleanup (Soil and Groundwater Remediation, D&D, and Waste Treatment and Disposal) Projects: (Pre- RAC/CAP) 90% of projects completed within 110% of CD-2 TPC by FY11. 2b. EM Cleanup (Soil and Groundwater Remediation,

394

Contract/Project Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

First Quarter First Quarter Overall Contract and Project Management Performance Metrics and Targets 1 Contract/Project Management Primary Performance Metrics FY 2011 Target FY 2011 Actual & Forecast FY 2011 Pre- & Post-CAP Comment 1a. Capital Asset Line Item Projects: (Pre-RCA/CAP) Projects completed within 110% of CD-2 TPC. 1b. Capital Asset Line Item Projects: (Post-RCA/CAP) 90% Line Item 79% Line Item 71% Pre-CAP 100% Post-CAP This is based on a 3-year rolling average (FY09 to FY11). TPC is Total Project Cost. 2a. EM Cleanup (Soil and Groundwater Remediation, D&D, and Waste Treatment and Disposal) Projects: (Pre- RAC/CAP) 90% of Projects completed within 110% of CD-2 TPC by FY12. 2b. EM Cleanup (Soil and Groundwater Remediation,

395

Contract/Project Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Third Quarter Third Quarter Overall Contract and Project Management Improvement Performance Metrics and Targets 1 Contract/Project Management Primary Performance Metrics FY 2011 Target FY 2011 Forecast FY 2011 Pre- & Post-CAP Forecast Comment 1a. Capital Asset Line Item Projects: (Pre-RCA/CAP) Projects completed within 110% of CD-2 TPC. 1b. Capital Asset Line Item Projects: (Post-RCA/CAP) 90% Line Item 84% Line Item 78% Pre-CAP 100% Post-CAP This is based on a 3-year rolling average (FY09 to FY11). TPC is Total Project Cost. 2a. EM Cleanup (Soil and Groundwater Remediation, D&D, and Waste Treatment and Disposal) Projects: (Pre- RAC/CAP) 90% of Projects completed within 110% of CD-2 TPC by FY12. 2b. EM Cleanup (Soil and Groundwater Remediation,

396

Closure for milliliter scale bioreactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A closure for a microreactor includes a cap that is configured to be inserted into a well of the microreactor. The cap, or at least a portion of the cap, is compliant so as to form a seal with the well when the cap is inserted. The cap includes an aperture that provides an airway between the inside of the well to the external environment when the cap is inserted into the well. A porous plug is inserted in the aperture, e.g., either directly or in tube that extends through the aperture. The porous plug permits gas within the well to pass through the aperture while preventing liquids from passing through to reduce evaporation and preventing microbes from passing through to provide a sterile environment. A one-way valve may also be used to help control the environment in the well.

Klein, David L. (Palo Alto, CA); Laidlaw, Robert D. (Albany, CA); Andronaco, Gregory (Palo Alto, CA); Boyer, Stephen G. (Moss Beach, CA)

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

397

OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The Science Knowledge Imperative: Making Non-Googleable Science Findable The Science Knowledge Imperative: Making Non-Googleable Science Findable Slide01 Slide01 The Science Knowledge Imperative: Making Non-Googleable Science Findable Dr. Walter L. Warnick Director United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific & Technical Information Computers in Libraries Conference Arlington, Virginia March 30, 2009 walter.warnick@science.doe.gov Slide02 Slide02 Computers in Libraries 2009 Theme: "Creating Tomorrow: Spreading Ideas & Learning" * Science progresses as knowledge is shared * OSTI Corollary: Accelerating the sharing of knowledge accelerates the advancement of science Slide03 Slide03 But before we can accelerate the sharing of knowledge... ...we must dispel the misperception that popular search engines are already

398

Apparatuses for prestressing rod-type specimens in torsion for in-situ passive fracture toughness testing in an extremely high-pressure environment of hydrogen  

SciTech Connect

An in-situ specimen fixture particularly adapted for prestressing rod-type SNTT-type specimens comprising a tube and end cap wherein the specimen is secured at one end to the tube, and at the opposite end to the end cap. The end cap is rotatable relative to the tube, and may be fixedly secured for creating a torsional force prestressing the specimen enclosed within the tube.

Wang, Jy-an (Oak Ridge, TN); Liu, Ken C. (Oak Ridge, TN); Feng, Zhili (Knoxville, TN)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

Low Cost Emergency VAR Compensator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The barriers to commercialization of the Capacitor Bank Group Shorting (CAPS) concept were investigated in this study. Also, the application of mechanically switched CAPS systems was examined from the technical and cost points of view. In addition, a semiconductor (thyristor) switched or controlled CAPS arrangement was studied. Although only three utilities were surveyed in the market assessment part of the study, it was concluded that if there is a need for additional shunt compensation systems or a nee...

2000-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

400

P-64: A Comparative Study of Metal Oxide Coated Indium-tin Oxide Anodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indium-tin oxide anodes capped with certain oxides of metals enhance while other oxides degrade the hole-injection and quantum efficiencies of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). The oxides of tin, zinc, praseodymium, yttrium, gallium, terbium and titanium have been investigated. The power efficiency of an OLED with a 1nm thick praseodymium oxide cap is improved by 2.5 times over that of a conventional OLED without an oxide capped anode.

For Organic Light-Emitting; Chengfeng Qiu; Haiying Chen; Zhilang Xie; Man Wong; Hoi Sing Kwok

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Explosively actuated well tool having improved disarmed configuration  

SciTech Connect

There is disclosed a single wire multiple shot selective fire perforating gun for piercing oil field tubular goods, typically during the process of completing an oil or gas well. A switch in the gun electrically isolates an associated blasting cap and short circuits the terminals thereof until the associated blasting cap and perforating element are armed. A plurality of blasting cap-perforating element assemblages are vertically disposed on the tool with the detonation of one perforating element arming the next adjacent blasting cap. 12 claims, 5 figures.

Boop, G.T.

1977-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

402

Back yard blasting on the quiet  

SciTech Connect

Four different sequential blasting patterns for surface mining which produce successful fragmentation at significantly reduced noise levels are discussed. The advantages of electric blasting caps are considered.

Chironis, N.P.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Fundamentals of  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... work fine and reduce costs – No heat denaturation/snap ... denaturation of standard due to excessive salt in sample ... Vial caps will transfer low levels ...

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Capillary Electrophoresis Fundamentals and Troubleshooting ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and buffer problems – formamide, urea, water, salt concentration, free ... shift in temperature of the heat plate can ... Vial caps will transfer low levels of ...

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

405

Topics in Forensic DNA Analysis & Interpretation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Note higher RFU values due to salt reduction with spin columns ... 2 degree shift in temperature of the heat plate can ... Vial caps will transfer low levels ...

2011-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

406

Agenda for Utah DNA Training May 13-14, 2009 Salt Lake ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and buffer problems – formamide, urea, water, salt concentration, free ... shift in temperature of the heat plate can ... Vial caps will transfer low levels of ...

2009-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

407

Troubleshooting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Incomplete denaturation of standard due to excessive salt in sample or ... the samples better due to its heat plate and ... Vial caps will transfer low levels ...

2011-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

408

International Symposium on Site Characterization for CO2 Geological Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and A.M. Jessop, Hydraulic fracturing experiment at theor pressures at which hydraulic fracturing of the cap rocka high potential for hydraulic fracturing occurs in the case

Tsang, Chin-Fu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

CX-010590: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Kalispell Shunt Cap Addition Project CX(s) Applied: B4.11 Date: 07/01/2013 Location(s): Montana Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

410

Quantum theory of Synchronously Pumped type I Optical Parametric Oscillators: characterization of the squeezed supermodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

de un capĂ­tulo: (1a) quando don Pelayo sopo que aquella hueste yua contra el, acogiosse a una cueua

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

411

On leakage and seepage from geological carbon sequestration sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

than Domengine Nortonville • shale • gas cap Domengine •gas reservoir Capay • shale gas water gas water gas watersandstone / shale • marine • some gas • water less saline

Oldenburg, C.M.; Unger, A.J.A.; Hepple, R.P.; Jordan, P.D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

EERE: Roofus' Solar and Efficient Home Home Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Roofus' Solar and Efficient Home Illustration showing Roofus' home. Roofus, a golden retriever wearing a baseball cap, sunglasses, and large gold dog tag, is sitting on a couch...

413

Heat pipe with improved wick structures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved planar heat pipe wick structure having projections formed by micromachining processes. The projections form arrays of interlocking, semi-closed structures with multiple flow paths on the substrate. The projections also include overhanging caps at their tops to increase the capillary pumping action of the wick structure. The capped projections can be formed in stacked layers. Another layer of smaller, more closely spaced projections without caps can also be formed on the substrate in between the capped projections. Inexpensive materials such as Kovar can be used as substrates, and the projections can be formed by electrodepositing nickel through photoresist masks.

Benson, David A. (Albuquerque, NM); Robino, Charles V. (Albuquerque, NM); Palmer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM); Kravitz, Stanley H. (Placitas, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Penang, Palaysia -- Penang's Shophouse Culture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

support wires but also street lights, sig­ nals, pedestrianlights, banner lights, street lights, brackets and caps wererepair the walks, light the streets, improve the condition

Fels, Patricia Tusa

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Retail Unbundling - District of Columbia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The PSC removed the cap on the number of customers who can enroll in the choice pilot program so that all residential customers are eligible.

416

Electricity Merger Policy in the Shadow of Regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Caps to ?! #? #!? ,” The Electricity Journal, vol. 14, May,Analysis of the New Jersey Electricity Market ” New Jersey2005), “Regulating the Electricity Supply Industry in

Gilbert, Richard J; Newberry, David M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

No Slide Title  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Student Research Assistant - Chemical Splash to Eye - While attempting to lift a wash bottle by the stemcap from within a fume hood, the cap separated from the container...

418

California’s first greenhouse gas emissions auction sells ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Biofuels: Ethanol & Biodiesel ... The Cap and Trade program intends to limit GHG emissions to an annual target of 427 million metric tons (mmt) ...

419

van der Waals Corrected Density Functional Theory Calculations on Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

separation of methane and carbon dioxide. J. Mater. Chem. ,Synthesis, structure, and carbon dioxide capture propertiesstructure, and carbon dioxide cap- ture properties of

Ray, Keith G.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

EIR SOP Septmebr 2010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

have been satisfactory, or if respective items have significant issues associated. A Corrective Action Plan (CAP) shell will be attached to the report which summarized the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

varying retail electricity prices: Theory and practice.GENERATION ON WHOLESALE ELECTRICITY PRICES IN CALIFORNIA:4.4.1 Lower wholesale electricity price cap and volumetric

Darghouth, Naim Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Timeline of Events: 2001 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

hardest hit by the expanding power crisis ask the Bush administration to set temporary price caps for wholesale electricity. Secretary Abraham says that he has "grave concerns"...

423

NREL: Energy Analysis - Federal Policy Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

various RPS targets with the emissions caps. The generation mix, carbon emissions, and electricity price are examined for various policy combinations to simulate the effect of...

424

Computation of Stochastic Nash Equilibrium via Variable Sample ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 18, 2013 ... Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering,. Iowa State University ...... Two-settlement electricity markets with price caps.

425

IMEC Strategy Process Logic Devices (LD) Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 32 Page 30. © IMEC 2011 DRAM Capacitor scaling: EOT and physical thickness scaling at target leakage current ... LIB Ultra cap. Super-Capacitors ...

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

426

ferretti  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... cao. cap. capacity. capital. captain. car. carapace. care. carefully. caress. carli. carlo. ... hungry. hunkere. hunt. husband. hydro. idaho. idea. identity. ideology ...

427

The Effect on Electricity Consumption of the Commonwealth Edison Customer Applications Program: Phase 2 Final Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the final Phase 2 analysis of the effects on residential customers' energy consumption patterns of Commonwealth Edison's (ComEd's) Customer Application Program (CAP).

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

428

Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Borenstein, S. , 2007. Electricity Rate Structures and theEnvironmentally-Sound Electricity Rates for the Twenty-FirstCap-and-Trade for Electricity Rate Design, with Examples

Darghouth, Naim Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

The Distributional and Environmental Effects of Time-Varying Prices in Competitive Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

assumes that retail electricity rates are set once a yearmarkets, retail electricity rates have been capped fordimension along which electricity rates have sometimes

Holland, Stephen P.; MANSUR, ERIN T

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

IEEE P802.15 Wireless Personal Area Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and L2CAP protocols used above the RF channel. ... time reference tref erence until the start of a ... further assumptions on the network topology and the ...

2001-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

431

CBO PowerPoint Template (White background)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

to reduce greenhouse gas emissions Cap and Trade or Carbon Tax - Broad based; the costs of lowering emissions are not directly comparable Production Tax Credit on...

432

Birds in Winter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

some of them in considerable number. Crow Bluejay Tree sparrow Evening grosbeak Herring gull Junco Goldfinch Horned lark Pheasant Black-capped chickadee Redpoll Cardinal...

433

Fully depleted, back-illuminated charge-coupled devices ...  

silicon layer capped by indium tin oxide and silicon dioxide. ... supported by the Department of Energy under Contract DE ... silicon for solar cell applications ...

434

Microsoft Word - Glossary_May12.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Aquifer Storage Field: A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas, consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an impermeable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents the...

435

Microsoft Word - 25A1318 Continued  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FastCAP ultracapacitors, used in automotive, could dramatically reduce the costs of hybrid cars supporting their wide spreading in the US and leading to fuel consumption...

436

Low Carbon Fuel Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cap would be placed on oil refineries and would require themwith the fuels. The refineries would be able to tradeto improve the efficiency of refineries and introduce low-

Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Microbusiness Loan Program (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Loan Program Provider Montana Department of Commerce Businesses producing energy using an alternative renewable energy source are eligible for microbusiness loans, which are capped...

438

Forecast of thermal-hydrological conditions and air injection test results of the single heater test at Yucca Mountain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ESF Single Heater Test, Sandia National Laboratories Letterthe Single Heater Test by Sandia (Sobolik et al. , 1996).the Single Heater Test by Sandia (Sobolik etal. , 1996). cap

Birkholzer, J.T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 44 Glossary of Key Terms The glossary includes definitions of terms presented in SMALL CAPS in the Health Care Criteria and scoring guidelines. ...

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

440

Corrective Action Glossary  

SciTech Connect

The glossary of technical terms was prepared to facilitate the use of the Corrective Action Plan (CAP) issued by OSWER on November 14, 1986. The CAP presents model scopes of work for all phases of a corrective action program, including the RCRA Facility Investigation (RFI), Corrective Measures Study (CMS), Corrective Measures Implementation (CMI), and interim measures. The Corrective Action Glossary includes brief definitions of the technical terms used in the CAP and explains how they are used. In addition, expected ranges (where applicable) are provided. Parameters or terms not discussed in the CAP, but commonly associated with site investigations or remediations are also included.

Not Available

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

charset "UTF-8"  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... google search appliance keymatch code */. ... all-caps { text-transform: uppercase; }. .bold { font-weight:bold; }. .small-text { font-size:.80em; }. ...

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

442

Final_Tech_Session_Schedule_and_Location.xls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the cap rock, reservoir, & injection fluid Tends to enhance seal integrity of shale Geomechanical deformation Microfrac mobilization triggered by the pressure (effective...

443

Reactive transport modeling of geologic CO2 sequestration in...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sleipner facility, where properties of the waste stream, target saline aquifer, and shale cap rock are relatively well constrained. The principle goal has been to discover and...

444

Buildings Technology Research and Development Working ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... cap” on the allowable carbon emissions from a specified set of sources and industry sectors; primarily coal- fired power plants owned by utilities or ...

2009-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

445

Three Essays on Environmental and Development Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the US electricity sector under potential cap-and-tradeInput is electricity costs over sales, Trade exposure is theelectricity intensive industries, but not involved in international trade

Chong, Howard G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Shaking Up the Residential PV Market: Implications of Recent Changes to the ITC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E NERGY Shaking Up the Residential PV Market: Implicationsthe Revised Residential Credit ..ITC (capped at $2,000) for residential solar systems. Both

Bolinger, Mark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

NREL Industry Growth Forum - National Renewable Energy Laboratory  

How will potential regulatory changes related to carbon and climate change impact the ability of companies to attract capital – Carbon tax – Cap and trade

448

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Remove and replace the damaged Subsidence Monitor 122 at the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility (LLRWDF) closure cap. Subsidence Monitor Repair Savannah River Site...

449

NIST Fluid Metrology Calibration Services - Liquid Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Meters are rinsed with ethanol and then dried by capping off one end of the meter and applying vacuum to the other for approximately one hour. ...

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

450

EPA rule requires SO 2 emissions reduction from Texas coal ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Starting in 2012, power plants in 23 states must meet new sulfur dioxide (SO 2) emissions caps in order to comply with the Cross State Air Pollution ...

451

L1, Formation of Structural Defects in AlGaN/GaN High Electron ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transmission electron microscope (TEM) cross sectional image has shown that electrical degradation is closely related to structural damage in the GaN cap and  ...

452

Risk Aversion and Rights Accretion in IP Law  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rejection Boston Prof’l Hockey Ass’n v. Dallas Cap & EmblemApp. 1975). Boston Prof’l Hockey, 510 F.2d at 1011; Consumer

Gibson, James

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestme...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy April 28, 2010 CX-002121: Categorical Exclusion Determination Ingersoll Milling Machine Upgrade and Equipment For Windmill Rotor Hubs and Spar Caps CX(s) Applied:...

454

Illinois | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Office April 28, 2010 CX-002121: Categorical Exclusion Determination Ingersoll Milling Machine Upgrade and Equipment For Windmill Rotor Hubs and Spar Caps CX(s) Applied:...

455

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy April 28, 2010 CX-002121: Categorical Exclusion Determination Ingersoll Milling Machine Upgrade and Equipment For Windmill Rotor Hubs and Spar Caps CX(s) Applied:...

456

Independent Oversight Review of Management of Safety Systems...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Criticality Accident Alarm System CAP Corrective Action Plan CAR Corrective Action Report CAS Contractor Assurance System CBM Condition Based Maintenance CFR Code of Federal...

457

Microsoft Word - Glossary_2012.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Aquifer Storage Field: A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an impermeable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents...

458

Coal.... - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... offer low- and very low-sulfur products, and because they offer some supply diversity during concerns over CAP reserve base. Prices are up and ...

459

The Dark Energy Survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new proposed optical?near infrared survey of 5000 square degrees of the South Galactic Cap is presented. To perform it

E. Sánchez; Dark Energy Survey Collaboration

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Richard Cowart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lab staff member. Director, Regulatory Assistance Project (RAP) Former Chair of the Vermont Public Utility Commission This Speaker's Seminars Design of Cap-and-Trade Carbon...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

ATP participants garner industry recognition ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Metabolix was cited for its "unique and patented methods" to make and ... Evergreen Solar among the ten best-performing small-cap stocks of last ...

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

462

Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and Practices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

25 Metering and ControlSmart Meter and Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) andAMP Auto-DR BRA advanced metering infrastructure C&I CAP CEC

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Um Sistema de Animac~ao Baseado em Movimento Fernando Wagner Serpa Vieira da Silva  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a nitro-celulose. #12;CAP ITULO 1. INTRODUC ~AO 2 1895 Louis e Auguste Lumi#12;ere conseguem uma patente

464

What China Can Learn from International Experiences in Developing a Demand Response Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

supplies and rising coal prices combined with relativelycontrol of power prices coupled with coal supply shortagesprice of electricity in China is capped by the government. Tight coal

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Thermodynamic Quantities for the Ionization Reactions of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... CAPS in that all three substances are sulfonic acids that differ ... Other names acetic acid; athylic acid; glacial acetic acid; vinegar; methanecarboxylic ...

2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

466

New York Mercantile Exchange - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Coal News and Markets summaries spot coal prices by coal commodity regions (i.e., Central Appalachia (CAP), Northern Appalachia (NAP), Illinois Basin (ILB), Power ...

467

Capacity Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the prevailing PJM energy market price. The demand in thethe prevailing national energy market price. Last, suppliersraising the national energy market price cap P up to f, in

Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Would a North American monetary union protect Canada and Mexico against the ravages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(1924' N, 9212' W) oil well being drilled by Pemex blew out on June 3, 1979. It was not capped for 297

Lansky, Joshua

469

NETL Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capital) Today Tomorrow Limited grid information & minimal integration with asset management Deep integration of grid intelligence enabling reduction in O&M and CapEx 24 Trend...

470

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drainage channel located to the west side of the T-Area closure cap experiencing heavy erosion. Modification to the channel is required to satisfy flow conditions and...

471

Global warming  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the oceans will rise because the ice caps will melt. whole countries may disappear underwater. In addition, there will be drastic climate changes all over the world. Scientists...

472

Emissions allowance prices for SO 2 and NO X remained low in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Emissions allowances are a component of policy tools used to reduce emissions of air pollutants such as SO 2 or NO X. Such programs cap the total ...

473

Capacity Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ternative Approaches for Power Capacity Markets”, Papers andand Steven Stoft, “Installed Capacity and Price Caps: Oil onElectricity Markets Have a Capacity requirement? If So, How

Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Nanocrystal / Sol-Gel Nanocomposites  

The present invention includes a composition comprising nanophosphor particles capped with a ligand.  The nanophosphor particles have are less than or ...

475

SiC Power Devices and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PPG has been a supplier of power transistors and diodes to many market ... semi- cap, solar/wind, medical, military/aerospace, and data/communications.

476

Polymer/Layered Silicate Nanocomposites from Thermally ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... from a variety of polymers [polystyrene (PS), poly ... cap containing a 6.35-mm graphite rod counter ... 3-7-layer) tactoids with expanded layer spacings. ...

2004-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

477

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Black Carbon Aerosols and the Third Polar Ice Cap Submitter: Menon, S., Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models...

478

Metal nanoparticle inks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Stabilized silver particles comprise particles comprising silver, a short-chain capping agent adsorbed on the particles, and a long-chain capping agent adsorbed on the particles. The short-chain capping agent is a first anionic polyelectrolyte having a molecular weight (Mw) of at most 10,000, and the long-chain capping agent is a second anionic polyelectrolyte having a molecular weight (Mw) of at least 25,000. The stabilized silver particles have a solid loading of metallic silver of at least 50 wt %.

Lewis, Jennifer A. (Urbana, IL); Ahn, Bok Yeop (Champaign, IL); Duoss, Eric B. (Urbana, IL)

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

479

president's innovation strategy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The centerpiece of "catalyzing breakthroughs for national priorities" focuses on renewable and clean energy, the enactment of a cap-and-trade program, and ...

480

Electricity Costs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Emissions Caps and the Impact of a Radical Change in Nuclear Electricity Costs journal International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy volume year month chapter...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "imper meable cap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

well  as  oil  and  gas extraction  processes  [EIO?LCA  Summary  Table 34 summarizes the onroad CAP total and 

Chester, Mikhail V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

EIA Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gas & Electric Co. filed a request with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission for emergency price relief from the astronomical prices, asking for a price cap to be imposed...

483

Retail Unbundling - Georgia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

If so, PSC can intervene and issue price caps on an emergency basis and require AGL to resume selling gas to customers. The rules are ...

484

Retail Unbundling - Georgia - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

If so, PSC can intervene and issue price caps on an emergency basis and require AGL to resume selling gas to customers. The rules are required under ...

485

Potential Impacts of High Penetration of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Laboratory's GREET well-to-wheel model SOx from vehicles doubles: cap-and-trade will require investment in cleaner plants 9 Increased Sales of Electricity from...

486

Methods for generating and shaping a seismic energy pulse. [Primacord explosive under water  

SciTech Connect

A straight piece of Primacord is suspended in water and detonated by a blasting cap. The primary and surface-reflected pulses are combined to shape the seismic signal by choosing the length and depth of the Primacord and the position of the blasting cap. The effects of the bubble or secondary seismic pulses are reduced because of the elongated bubbles generated.

Itria, O.A.

1975-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

487

SITING HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES * KARL F. BIRNS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cap and are now under RCRA post-closure care and monitoring. Capping of the old ponds has lessened contaminated soils excavated during the RCRA closure of the OLF as well as soils excavated from the banks of NT. complete the RCRA closure of the K-1417-B Drum Storage Yard and will perform surveillance and maintenance

Columbia University

488

Reserves Project Breeding information is important  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

02165 ...... Kori Bustard 02177 ...... Ludwig's Bustard 02182 ...... Denham's Bustard 02196 ...... Karoo ...... Mountain Wheatear 05649 ...... Karoo Chat 05665 ...... Capped Wheatear 05682 ...... Buff-streaked Chat-capped Robin-Chat 05794 ...... Cape Robin-Chat 05817 ...... White-throated Robin-Chat 05829 ...... Karoo Scrub

de Villiers, Marienne

489

Graphoepitaxy by encapsulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improvements on the graphoepitaxial process for obtaining epitaxial or preferred orientation films are described wherein a cap of material is formed over the film to be oriented, artificial surface-relief structure may be present in the substrate, the cap, or both, and the film may be heated by irradiation with electromagnetic radiation.

Geis, Michael W. (Acton, MA); Smith, Henry I. (Sudbury, MA); Antoniadis, Dimitri A. (Brookline, MA); Flanders, Dale C. (Lexington, MA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Chilled Ammonia Process Product Validation Facility at American Electric Power Mountaineer Station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A CO2 capture and storage (CCS) pilot plant was constructed at American Electric Power’s (AEP’s) 1300-MWe Mountaineer station in New Haven, West Virginia, employing Alstom Power’s Chilled Ammonia Process (CAP). The CAP Product Validation Facility (PVF) treated a slipstream of flue gas from ...

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

491

Emissions trading to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the United States : the McCain-Lieberman Proposal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Climate Stewardship Act of 2003 (S. 139) is the most detailed effort to date to design an economy-wide cap-and-trade system for US greenhouse gas emissions reductions. The Act caps sectors at their 2000 emissions in ...

Paltsev, Sergey.

492

Efficient and Color-Tunable Oxyfluoride Solid Solution Phosphors for Solid-State White Lighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A solid solution strategy helps increase the efficiency of Ce{sup 3+} oxyfluoride phosphors for solid-state white lighting. The use of a phosphor-capping architecture provides additional light extraction. The accompanying image displays electroluminescence spectra from a 434-nm InGaN LED phosphor that has been capped with the oxyfluoride phosphor.

Im, Won Bin; George, Nathan; Kurzman, Joshua; Brinkley, Stuart; Mikhailovsky, Alexander; Hu, Jerry; Chmelka, Bradley F.; DenBaars, Steven P.; Seshadri, Ram (UCSB)

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

493

Battery construction. [miniaturized batteries  

SciTech Connect

A description is given of a battery having a battery cup and a battery cap which has a ridge portion to provide a battery chamber for accommodating a positive electrode, a negative electrode, and an electrolyte. The battery chamber has a contour at its outer periphery different from that of the sealing flanges of the battery cup and the battery cap. 11 figures.

Nishimura, H.; Nomura, Y.

1977-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

494

Influence of Surfactants and Charges on CdSe Quantum Dots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The chemistry between CdSe quantum dots and common surface capping ligands is invested using density functional theory. We will discuss the electronic structures and optical properties of CdSe QDs controlled by the size of particle, self-organization, capping ligands, and positive charges. Charges on quantum dots have profound effects on their structures, binding energies, and optical properties.

Yang, Ping; Tretiak, Sergei; Ivanov, Sergei

2011-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

495

Analyses of interface adhesion between porous SiO2 low-k film and SiC/SiN layers by nanoindentation and nanoscratch tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the interface adhesion between porous SiO"2 low-dielectric-constant film and SiN capping layer as well as SiC etch stop layer has been investigated. The SiN capping layer was found mostly composed of Si to N bonds, and the porous SiO"2 ... Keywords: Bonding configuration, Dielectrics, Interface adhesion

Shou-Yi Chang; Yi-Chung Huang

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Valuing the Treasury's Capital Assistance Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Capital Assistance Program (CAP) was created by the U.S. government in February 2009 to provide backup capital to large financial institutions unable to raise sufficient capital from private investors. Under the terms of the CAP, a participating ... Keywords: applications, banks, dynamic programming, finance, financial institutions, securities

Paul Glasserman; Zhenyu Wang

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Carbon permit prices in the European emissions trading system : a stochastic analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) is a cornerstone for European efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and in its test phase will operate from 2005-2007. It is a cap-and-trade system where an aggregate cap on emissions ...

See, Wee Chiang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Regulating Greenhouse Gas 'Leakage': How California Can Evade the Impending Constitutional Attacks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Federalist greenhouse gas regulation poses many constitutional pitfalls, and some fear that California's cap-and-trade and procurement cap proposals are vulnerable to constitutional challenge. An attack under the commerce clause seems to pose the biggest threat, but the author proposes an alternative that can eliminate this threat: market participation. (author)

Potts, Brian H.

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

499

Regulating greenhouse gas 'leakage': how California can evade the impending constitutional attacks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Federalist greenhouse gas regulation poses many constitutional pitfalls, and some fear that California's cap-and-trade and procurement cap proposals are vulnerable to constitutional challenge. An attack under the commerce clause seems to pose the biggest threat, but the author proposes an alternative that can eliminate this threat: market participation.

Brian H. Potts

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

500

David Kaiser The Physics of Spin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tests on science advisers, censor- ing scientific reports to better reflect political imperatives. On first blush, several areas of over- lap stand out: elite atomic diplomacy, low-brow domestic anticom" from the "science" in the circulation of cryogenics experts and factory- sized machinery from hydrogen-bomb

Kaiser, David