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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Environmental impact for offshore wind farms: Geolocalized Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental impact for offshore wind farms: Geolocalized Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach an approach for Environmental Impact Assessment through the use of geolocalized LCA approach, for fixed of environmental impacts of different sources of energy. This paper described the geolocalized LCA approach

Boyer, Edmond

2

Stakeholder participation in health impact assessment: A multicultural approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The literature on impact assessment (HIA) registers the importance of stakeholder participation in the assessment process, but still lacks a model for engaging stakeholders of diverse ethnic, professional and sectorial backgrounds. This paper suggests that the multicultural approach can contribute to HIA through a revision of the generic 5-step HIA model, and its implementation in a metropolitan plan in Southern Israel. The health issue scoped by the stakeholders in the HIA is related to land uses in the vicinity of the national hazardous industry and hazardous waste site. The stakeholders were representatives of the diverse populations at stake, including rural Bedouins and Jewish city dwellers, as well as representatives from the public sector, private sector, non-governmental organizations and academia. The case study revealed that a multicultural stakeholder participation process helps to uncover health issues known to the community which were not addressed in the original plan, and provides local knowledge regarding health conditions that is especially valuable when scientific data is uncertain or absent. It enables diverse stakeholders to prioritize the health issues that will be assessed. The case study also reveals ways in which the model needs revisions and improvements such as in recruitment of diverse participants. This paper presents a multicultural model of HIA and discusses some of the challenges that are faced when HIA is implemented in the context of current decision-making culture. -- Highlights: • We revised the generic HIA model in light of the multicultural approach. • We tested the model in a case study of zoning a hazardous industry site. • Multicultural stakeholder participation uncovers health issues known to communities. • It enables community prioritization of health issues. • We present a model for multicultural stakeholder participation in HIA.

Negev, Maya, E-mail: mayane@tau.ac.il [Hartog School of Government and Policy, Faculty of Social Sciences, Tel Aviv University, P.O.B. 39040, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel)] [Hartog School of Government and Policy, Faculty of Social Sciences, Tel Aviv University, P.O.B. 39040, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Davidovitch, Nadav, E-mail: nadavd@bgu.ac.il [Department of Health Systems Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University, P.O.B. 653, Be'er Sheva 84105 (Israel)] [Department of Health Systems Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University, P.O.B. 653, Be'er Sheva 84105 (Israel); Garb, Yaakov, E-mail: ygarb@bgu.ac.il [Swiss Institute for Dryland Environmental Research, The Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer 84990 (Israel)] [Swiss Institute for Dryland Environmental Research, The Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer 84990 (Israel); Tal, Alon, E-mail: alontal@bgu.ac.il [Mitrani Department of Dryland Ecology, Swiss Institute for Dryland Environmental Research, The Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer 84990 (Israel)] [Mitrani Department of Dryland Ecology, Swiss Institute for Dryland Environmental Research, The Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer 84990 (Israel)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

3

A new approach for environmental justice impact assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

President Clinton`s Executive Order 12898 calls for examination of disproportionately high and adverse impacts to minority and low-income communities. In addition to demographic mapping, environmental justice analyses should also include quantitative impact assessment to show presence or absence of disproportionate impacts. This study demonstrates use of a geographic information system (GIS) and a computer model. For this demonstration, a safety analysis report and a computer code were used to develop impact assessment data from a hypothetical facility accident producing a radiological airborne plume. The computer code modeled the plume, plotted dose contours, and provided latitude and longitude coordinates for transfer to the GIS. The GIS integrated and mapped the impact and demographic data toprovide a graphical representation of the plume with respect to the population. Impacts were then analyzed. The GIS was used to estimate the total dose to the exposed population under the plume, the dose to the low-income population under the plume, and the dose to the minority population under the plume. Impacts among the population groups were compared to determine whether a dispropotionate share of the impacts were borne by minority or low-income populations.

Wilkinson, C.H.; Brumburgh, G.P.; Edmunds, T.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Kay, D. [Science Applications International Corp., San Diego, CA (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Paducah DUF6 Conversion Final EIS - Chapter 4: Environmental Impact Assessment Approach, Assumptions, and Methodology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Paducah DUF Paducah DUF 6 Conversion Final EIS 4 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT APPROACH, ASSUMPTIONS, AND METHODOLOGY This EIS evaluates potential impacts on human health and the natural environment from building and operating a DUF 6 conversion facility at three alternative locations at the Paducah site and for a no action alternative. These impacts might be positive, in that they would improve conditions in the human or natural environment, or negative, in that they would cause a decline in those conditions. This chapter provides an overview of the methods used to estimate the potential impacts associated with the EIS alternatives, summarizes the major assumptions that formed the basis of the evaluation, and provides some background information on human health

5

numerical models & information Systems, Nice: France (2013)" Environmental impact for offshore wind farms: Geolocalized Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. This paper presents an approach for Environmental Impact Assessment through the use of geolocalized LCA approach, for fixed and floating offshore wind farms. This work was undertaken within the EUsponsored EnerGEO project, aiming at providing a versatile modeling platform for stakeholders allowing calculation, forecasting and monitoring of environmental impacts of different sources of energy. This paper described the geolocalized LCA approach, and its use for the evaluation of environmental impacts of wind energy. The effects of offshore wind farms on global environnemental impacts are evaluated though the LCA approach. It takes into account the type of wind farm, the construction phase, all technical aspects, the operation and maintenance scheme and the decommissioning. It also includes geolocalized information such as wind resources, bathymetry, accessibility … Environmental impact parameters are accessible through a web service helping the decision makers in assessing the environnemental impacts. 1

Catherine Guermont; Lionel Ménard; Isabelle Blanc

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

A multi-scale qualitative approach to assess the impact of urbanization on natural habitats and their connectivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Habitat loss and fragmentation are often concurrent to land conversion and urbanization. Simple application of GIS-based landscape pattern indicators may be not sufficient to support meaningful biodiversity impact assessment. A review of the literature reveals that habitat definition and habitat fragmentation are frequently inadequately considered in environmental assessment, notwithstanding the increasing number of tools and approaches reported in the landscape ecology literature. This paper presents an approach for assessing impacts on habitats on a local scale, where availability of species data is often limited, developed for an alpine valley in northern Italy. The perspective of the methodology is multiple scale and species-oriented, and provides both qualitative and quantitative definitions of impact significance. A qualitative decision model is used to assess ecological values in order to support land-use decisions at the local level. Building on recent studies in the same region, the methodology integrates various approaches, such as landscape graphs, object-oriented rule-based habitat assessment and expert knowledge. The results provide insights into future habitat loss and fragmentation caused by land-use changes, and aim at supporting decision-making in planning and suggesting possible ecological compensation. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Many environmental assessments inadequately consider habitat loss and fragmentation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Species-perspective for defining habitat quality and connectivity is claimed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Species-based tools are difficult to be applied with limited availability of data. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We propose a species-oriented and multiple scale-based qualitative approach. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Advantages include being species-oriented and providing value-based information.

Scolozzi, Rocco, E-mail: rocco.scolozzi@fmach.it [Sustainable Agro-ecosystems and Bioresources Department, IASMA Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach, Via E. Mach 1, 38010 San Michele all& #x27; Adige, (Italy); Geneletti, Davide, E-mail: geneletti@ing.unitn.it [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Trento, Trento (Italy)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

A framework for combining social impact assessment and risk assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An increasing focus on integrative approaches is one of the current trends in impact assessment. There is potential to combine impact assessment with various other forms of assessment, such as risk assessment, to make impact assessment and the management of social risks more effective. We identify the common features of social impact assessment (SIA) and social risk assessment (SRA), and discuss the merits of a combined approach. A hybrid model combining SIA and SRA to form a new approach called, ‘risk and social impact assessment’ (RSIA) is introduced. RSIA expands the capacity of SIA to evaluate and manage the social impacts of risky projects such as nuclear energy as well as natural hazards and disasters such as droughts and floods. We outline the three stages of RSIA, namely: impact identification, impact assessment, and impact management. -- Highlights: • A hybrid model to combine SIA and SRA namely RSIA is proposed. • RSIA can provide the proper mechanism to assess social impacts of natural hazards. • RSIA can play the role of ex-post as well as ex-ante assessment. • For some complicated and sensitive cases like nuclear energy, conducting a RSIA is necessary.

Mahmoudi, Hossein, E-mail: mahmoudi@uni-hohenheim.de [Department of Social Sciences in Agriculture, University of Hohenheim (Germany) [Department of Social Sciences in Agriculture, University of Hohenheim (Germany); Environmental Sciences Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C. (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Renn, Ortwin [Department of Technology and Environmental Sociology (and DIALOGIK), University of Stuttgart (Germany)] [Department of Technology and Environmental Sociology (and DIALOGIK), University of Stuttgart (Germany); Vanclay, Frank [Department of Cultural Geography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands)] [Department of Cultural Geography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Hoffmann, Volker [Department of Social Sciences in Agriculture, University of Hohenheim (Germany)] [Department of Social Sciences in Agriculture, University of Hohenheim (Germany); Karami, Ezatollah [College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Office  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office Office of Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextineword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Departmental Element & Site August 1, 2009 U.S. Department of Energy; Office of Science; Office of Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists (WDTS) System location - Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA Name of Information iPASS System for DOE Office of Science laboratory fellowship programs, including

9

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Office  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office Office of Information Resources - FOIAXpress Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetext/neword/206/02061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Depamnf!l1tal Elel1l~nt&$ite july 23, 2009 Office of Information Resources Office of Management DOE Headquarters, Germantown, Germantown Computer Center Server Room Nameonl1fol'l11i1tion Sysleijlprl'f 'Project FOIAXpress ExhibitProj~tUID TBD NeWPIA ~ Update D Please indicate whether this is a new

10

Forestry Commission Equality Impact Assessment 1 Equality Impact Assessment summary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forestry Commission Equality Impact Assessment 1 Equality Impact Assessment summary Step 10 Name · Accessibility of woodlands and natural spaces: Addressing crime and safety issues. O'Brien and Tabbush, Forest. Forestry Commission Wales #12;Forestry Commission Equality Impact Assessment 2 DISABILITY · Forestry

11

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/ REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/ REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/ FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS Juneau, AK 99802 (907) 586-7228 Abstract: This Environmental Assessment/Regulatory Impact Review For Amendment 89 to the Fishery Management Plan for Groundfish of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Management

12

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW FOR FISHERY PLAN AMENDMENTS TO PROHIBIT USE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.0 REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF THE ALTERNATIVES / Aleutian Islands Plan Amendment 33 and Gulf of Alaska Plan Amendment 37 Prepared by Staff of the North

13

Environmental Impact Assessment in Canadian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy projects/pipelines) Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (for uranium mining, nuclear facilities26/02/2014 1 Environmental Impact Assessment in Canadian Mine/Energy Development The Purpose

Boisvert, Jeff

14

Impact Assessments | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Impact Assessments Impact Assessments Impact Assessments PIA Template with Guidance (MS Word) Management and Administration (MA) Open Gov User Voice System (3WP) (pdf) DOE Open Government Plan Comment Box (pdf) Energy Contractor Registration System (EnCoRe) (pdf) Hiring Management Enterprise Solutions (HMES) (pdf) Foreign Travel Management System (FTMS) (pdf) FOIAXpress (pdf) Electronic Document Online Correspondence and Concurrence (eDOCS) (pdf) DOE Jobs Online (Hiring Management) (pdf) FORM EIA 457-A/G Residential Energy Consumption Survey (pdf) Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Tracking System (pdf) Corporate Human Resources Information System (CHRIS) (pdf) Energy Inspector General Project Tracking System (EIGPT) (pdf) Electronic DOE Information Security System (eDISS) (pdf)

15

Microsoft Word - Fish Impact Assessment 070512.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

K Fish Habitat and Fish Population Impacts ASSESSMENT OF RELATIVE FISH HABITAT AND FISH POPULATION IMPACTS OF I-5 CORRIDOR REINFORCEMENT PROJECT ALTERNATIVES AND OPTIONS Report to:...

16

Risk Assessment Approaches for Nanomaterials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

%) with extrapolation to lower "acceptable" risk 3. Analogy or comparative toxicity to other substances with similar7/3/2013 1 Risk Assessment Approaches for Nanomaterials Eileen D. Kuempel, PhD Nanotechnology to Nanomaterials Risk Assessment 1. No observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) or lowest (LOAEL) with uncertainty

Farritor, Shane

17

DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/ REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/ REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/ INITIAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS: This Environmental Assessment/Regulatory Impact Review/Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis (EA For Amendments to the Fishery Management Plan (FMP) for Groundfish of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands

18

Assessing the Environmental Impacts of Freshwater Consumption in LCA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assessing the Environmental Impacts of Freshwater Consumption in LCA ... Therefore, the consideration of water consumption is crucial in life-cycle assessment (LCA) studies that include water-intensive products, such as agricultural goods. ... Despite the relevance of freshwater to human health and ecosystem quality, the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology is lacking comprehensive approaches to evaluate the environmental impacts associated with water use (e.g., ref 2). ...

Stephan Pfister; Annette Koehler; Stefanie Hellweg

2009-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

19

Screening assessment and requirements for a comprehensive assessment: Volume 1, Draft. Columbia River comprehensive impact assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To evaluate the impact to the Columbia River from the Hanford Site-derived contaminants, the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and Washington State Department of Ecology initiated a study referred to as the Columbia River Comprehensive Impact Assessment (CRCIA). To address concerns about the scope and direction of CRCIA as well as enhance regulator, tribal, stockholder, and public involvement, the CRCIA Management Team was formed in August 1995. The Team agreed to conduct CRCIA using a phased approach. The initial phase, includes two components: 1) a screening assessment to evaluate the potential impact to the river, resulting from current levels of Hanford-derived contaminants in order to support decisions on Interim Remedial Measures, and 2) a definition of the essential work remaining to provide an acceptable comprehensive river impact assessment. The screening assessment is described in Part I of this report. The essential work remaining is Part II of this report. The objective of the screening assessment is to identify areas where the greatest potential exists for adverse effects on humans or the environment. Part I of this report discusses the scope, technical approach, and results of the screening assessment. Part II defines a new paradigm for predecisional participation by those affected by Hanford cleanup decisions.

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Simplified Approach for Estimating Impacts of Electricity Generation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Simplified Approach for Estimating Impacts of Electricity Generation Simplified Approach for Estimating Impacts of Electricity Generation (SIMPACTS) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Simplified Approach for Estimating Impacts of Electricity Generation (SIMPACTS) Agency/Company /Organization: International Atomic Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Agriculture, Energy Efficiency, Forestry Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health Resource Type: Software/modeling tools Complexity/Ease of Use: Advanced Website: www.iaea.org/OurWork/ST/NE/Pess/PESSenergymodels.shtml References: Overview of IAEA PESS Models [1] Related Tools DNE21+ Integrated Global System Modeling Framework Prospective Outlook on Long-Term Energy Systems (POLES) ... further results Find Another Tool FIND DEVELOPMENT IMPACTS ASSESSMENT TOOLS

22

New Pilot Study on Sea Level Rise Offers Approach That Can Help Communities Assess Possible Impact of Sea Level Rise on Energy Assets  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

As part of our commitment to improve the resilience of our electric grid in the face of extreme weather events, OE has released findings of a pilot study that explores the feasibility of assessing the impacts of sea level rise on energy infrastructure. The goal of our study was to develop a method to identify energy facilities exposed to sea level rise (SLR) through 2100 that is flexible and scalable, uses existing and robust data sources, accounts for global and local sea level changes, and can incorporate results from regional studies.

23

Environmental Impact and Sustainability Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As already mentioned, electricity is one of the energy inputs for hydrogen production; therefore, its generation cost, efficiency, and environmental impact become important parameters for environmentally benign a...

Ibrahim Dincer; Anand S. Joshi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT & REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/INITIAL REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT & REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/INITIAL REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSIS OF A REGULATORY AMENDMENT TO THE FISHERY MANAGEMENT PLANS FOR GROUNDFISH OF THE GULF OF ALASKA and the GROUNDFISH Islands Area (BSAI) are managed under the Fishery Management Plans for Groundfish of the Gulf of Alaska

25

Impact Assessment Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Impact Assessment Toolkit Impact Assessment Toolkit (Redirected from Gateway:International/Economic and Environmental Impacts) Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

26

Impact assessment: Eroding benefits through streamlining?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper argues that Governments have sought to streamline impact assessment in recent years (defined as the last five years) to counter concerns over the costs and potential for delays to economic development. We hypothesise that this has had some adverse consequences on the benefits that subsequently accrue from the assessments. This hypothesis is tested using a framework developed from arguments for the benefits brought by Environmental Impact Assessment made in 1982 in the face of the UK Government opposition to its implementation in a time of economic recession. The particular benefits investigated are ‘consistency and fairness’, ‘early warning’, ‘environment and development’, and ‘public involvement’. Canada, South Africa, the United Kingdom and Western Australia are the jurisdictions tested using this framework. The conclusions indicate that significant streamlining has been undertaken which has had direct adverse effects on some of the benefits that impact assessment should deliver, particularly in Canada and the UK. The research has not examined whether streamlining has had implications for the effectiveness of impact assessment, but the causal link between streamlining and benefits does sound warning bells that merit further investigation. -- Highlights: • Investigation of the extent to which government has streamlined IA. • Evaluation framework was developed based on benefits of impact assessment. • Canada, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and Western Australia were examined. • Trajectory in last five years is attrition of benefits of impact assessment.

Bond, Alan, E-mail: alan.bond@uea.ac.uk [School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia (United Kingdom) [School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia (United Kingdom); School of Geo and Spatial Sciences, North-West University (South Africa); Pope, Jenny, E-mail: jenny@integral-sustainability.net [Integral Sustainability (Australia) [Integral Sustainability (Australia); Curtin University Sustainability Policy Institute (Australia); Morrison-Saunders, Angus, E-mail: A.Morrison-Saunders@murdoch.edu.au [School of Geo and Spatial Sciences, North-West University (South Africa) [School of Geo and Spatial Sciences, North-West University (South Africa); Environmental Science, Murdoch University (Australia); Retief, Francois, E-mail: francois.retief@nwu.ac.za [School of Geo and Spatial Sciences, North-West University (South Africa)] [School of Geo and Spatial Sciences, North-West University (South Africa); Gunn, Jill A.E., E-mail: jill.gunn@usask.ca [Department of Geography and Planning and School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan (Canada)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

27

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT INITIAL REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND INITIAL REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW FOR PACIFIC COAST SALMON PLAN AND ACCOUNTABILITY MEASURES, AND DE MINIMIS FISHING PROVISIONS REGULATORY IDENTIFIER NUMBER 0648-BA55 PREPARED........................................................................................................1 1.3 Plan Development Schedule and Council Advisory Committee Participation

28

Project Impact Assessments: Building America FY14 Field Test...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Project Impact Assessments: Building America FY14 Field Test Technical Support - 2014 BTO Peer Review Project Impact Assessments: Building America FY14 Field Test Technical Support...

29

Manager's Signature Log Privacy Impact Assessment, Office of...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Manager's Signature Log Privacy Impact Assessment, Office of Science Chicago Office Manager's Signature Log Privacy Impact Assessment, Office of Science Chicago Office Manager's...

30

Environmental Impact Assessment Biologist Biologist R24  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in environmental impact monitoring and assessment related to point and non-point sources of water, land and air in Environmental Management Act Permits and Approvals, Environmental Assessment Act Project Approval Certificates makers by recommending effluent management and monitoring requirements for Environmental Management Act

Northern British Columbia, University of

31

Impact Assessment Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Impact Assessment Toolkit Impact Assessment Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development

32

JC3 High Impact Assessment Bulletins  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

high-impact-assessment-bulletins high-impact-assessment-bulletins Office of the Chief Information Officer 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 202-586-0166 en V-215: NetworkMiner Directory Traversal and Insecure Library Loading Vulnerabilities http://energy.gov/cio/articles/v-215-networkminer-directory-traversal-and-insecure-library-loading-vulnerabilities V-215: NetworkMiner Directory Traversal and Insecure Library Loading Vulnerabilities

33

JC3 Low Impact Assessment Bulletins  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

low-impact-assessment-bulletins low-impact-assessment-bulletins Office of the Chief Information Officer 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 202-586-0166 en V-207: Wireshark Multiple Denial of Service Vulnerabilities http://energy.gov/cio/articles/v-207-wireshark-multiple-denial-service-vulnerabilities V-207: Wireshark Multiple Denial of Service Vulnerabilities

34

IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF THE OLD QUESNEL LANDFILL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF THE OLD QUESNEL LANDFILL FINAL REPORT DOE FRAP 1995-05 Prepared for List of Figures Site Location/Legal Boundary Old Quesnel Landfill .....................................2 Schematic of Source Pathway Receptor Model at Old Quesnel Landfill .......4 Landfill Extent

35

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Occupational Medicine Assistant PIA  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Medicine Medicine - Assistant PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Deparlment of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT iDafe 'Depauwerltal El.ment& iSlte June 10, 2009 Idaho National Laboratory Name :of,lnfonnation Systetnol"'ITiPtoJect Occupational Medicine - Assistant Exhlblt;ProJect UID Indirect funded Occupational Safety and Health NewPIA 0 Update D N T 'tl I Contact Information arne I e . , Phone, Email System Owner Local Privacy Act Offtcer

36

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: INL E-IDR  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

INL INL E-IDR (Invention Disclosure Record) PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. I MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date O..parlmental Element & Site 6/10/09 Idaho National Laboratory Building: 654 BUilding Name: EROS Name of Information System or IT Project E-IDR (Invention Disclosure Record) Exhibit Project UID 61104 NewPIA GJ Update D N T 'tl I Contact Information arne, I e Ph E ' I one, mal System Owner Wendy Skinner Local Privacy Act

37

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Visitor Dosimeter Badge Tracking  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Visitor Visitor Dosimeter Badge Tracking PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetexUneword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date June 11, 2009 Deparbnental Idaho National Laboratory Element & Site Building 616 Willow Creek Building Name of Information Visitor Dosimeter Badge Tracking System or IT Project Exhibit Project UID 217975 New PIA ~ Update D Name, Title I Contact Information Phone, Email Lynn Rockhold System Owner I' 1\ I \ \ ( y P II 114 I' "I

38

Environmental Assessment Fact Sheet - Potential Impacts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DOE has prepared a draft Environmental Assessment for Conducting Astrophysics and Other Basic Science Experiments at the WIPP Site. It examines the potential environmental consequences from conducting particular types of scientific experiments in an area of the WIPP underground called the experiment gallery. The environmental assessment also looks at the potential cumulative impacts of conducting experiments and operating the WIPP as a transuranic waste repository. This fact sheet presents questions and answers about potential impacts to human health and the environment and proposed protections and mitigations, based on the draft environmental assessment. The deep geologic repository at the WIPP could be the most favorable U.S. environment currently available for experiments in many scientific disciplines, including particle astro-

39

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: INL Energy Employees' Occupational  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

INL INL Energy Employees' Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act (EEOICPA) Tracking Database PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance Is provided In the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Departmental Element &Site June 11, 2009 Idaho National Laboratory Building 616 Willow Creek Building Name of Information Energy Employees' Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act (EEOICPA) System or IT ProJect Tracking Database Exhibit Project

40

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE- INL OCCUPATIONAL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OCCUPATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE- INL OCCUPATIONAL MEDICAL SUVEILLANCE SYSTEM (OMSS) PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Dllte DepartmentAll Element~&Slte 06-16-2009 Idaho National Laboratory Building Number: WCB Building Name: WCB Name of Information System!«)r IT Project Occupational Medical Surveillance System (OMSS) ExhlbllProJect UIO 72 NewPIA D Update 0 DOE PIA - OMSS Finallxw.doc

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Occupational Safety Health Occupational  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Occupational Occupational Safety & Health - Occupational Injury & Illness System PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1 J Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date June 12, 2009 Departmental Idaho National Laboratory Element & Site Name of Infonnatlon Occupational Injury & Illness System (01&15) System or IT Project Exhibit Project UID 136 New PIA ~ Update D Name, Title Contact Information Phone, Email Anthony J. Kavran (208) 526-5826

42

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Integrated Safety Management Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Integrated Integrated Safety Management Workshop Registration PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Departmental Element&·Slte 16/Jun/09 Idaho National Laboratory Engineering Research Office Building (EROB) Name of-Information System or IT Project Integrated Safety Management Workshop Registration Exhibit Project UID 207765 NewPIA D Update 0 DOE PIA - ISMS Workshop Finallxw.doc N T "tl I

43

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Human Resources Personal Information  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Human Human Resources - Personal Information Change Request PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetext/neword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Departmental Element & Site Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Engineering Research Office Building (EROB) Name of Information Human Resources - Personal Information Change Request System or IT Project Business Enclave Exhibit Project UID 106800 NewPIA ~ Update D N T 'tl I Contact Information arne,

44

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: INL Manchester Software  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Manchester Manchester Software 1099 Reporting PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program. Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date 06/09/09 Departmental Idaho National Laboratory Element &Site Building Name: lAB Name of Infonnatlon Manchester Software 1099 Reporting System or IT Project Exhibit Project UID 202021 New PIA GJ Update D Name, Title I Contact Information Phone, Email Bryan Larson, System Owner 208-526-8685 Technical Lead, Manchester

45

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: OCIO HSPD-12 Physical  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OCIO OCIO - HSPD-12 Physical and Logical System PIA Template Version 4- June, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Departmental Element & Site August 27,2009 Office of the Chief Information Officer DOE Headquarters, Forrestal, 8H-065 Name of Information System or IT Project HSPD-12 Physical and Logical Access System Exhibit Project UID Project's Unique 10: 019-60-01-17-01-8062-04-404-140 (2010 UID) NewPIA D Update ~ HSPD-12

46

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: IDAHO NATIONAL LABORATORY-TRAIN PIA  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

IDAHO IDAHO NATIONAL LABORATORY-TRAIN PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetext/neword/206/02061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-wrltten submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Departmental Element &Site June 11, 2009 Idaho National Laboratory Name of Infonnatlon SY8tem or IT Project Training Records and Information Network (TRAIN) Exhibit Project UID 70 NewPIA [!J Update D N T Otl I Contact Information ame, I e Ph E " I one, mal SY8tem Owner Carla J. Drake, Manager (208) 526-0841 Systems Approach

47

Suggested Approaches for Probabilistic Flooding Hazard Assessment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Suggested Approaches for Probabilistic Flooding Hazard Assessment Ahmed “Jemie” Dababneh, Ph.D., P.E. and Jeffrey Oskamp, E.I.T. Presentation for U.S. Department of Energy Natural Phenomena Hazards Meeting October 22, 2014

48

ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of Condition Assessment on Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of Condition Assessment on Energy Use: Selected Applications in Chemicals Processing and Petroleum Refining ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of...

49

JC3 Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

medium-impact-assessment-bulletins medium-impact-assessment-bulletins Office of the Chief Information Officer 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 202-586-0166 en V-237: TYPO3 Security Bypass Vulnerabilities http://energy.gov/cio/articles/v-237-typo3-security-bypass-vulnerabilities V-237: TYPO3 Security Bypass Vulnerabilities

50

Species for the screening assessment. Columbia River Comprehensive Impact Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because of past nuclear production operations along the Columbia River, there is intense public and tribal interest in assessing any residual Hanford Site related contamination along the river from the Hanford Reach to the Pacific Ocean. The Columbia River Comprehensive Impact Assessment was proposed to address these concerns. The assessment of the Columbia River is being conducted in phases. The initial phase is a screening assessment of the risk, which addresses current environmental conditions for a range of potential uses. One component of the screening assessment estimates the risk from contaminants in the Columbia River to the environment. The objective of the ecological risk assessment is to determine whether contaminants from the Columbia River pose a significant threat to selected receptor species that exist in the river and riparian communities of the study area. This report (1) identifies the receptor species selected for the screening assessment of ecological risk and (2) describes the selection process. The species selection process consisted of two tiers. In Tier 1, a master species list was developed that included many plant and animal species known to occur in the aquatic and riparian systems of the Columbia River between Priest Rapids Dam and the Columbia River estuary. This master list was reduced to 368 species that occur in the study area (Priest Rapids Dam to McNary Dam). In Tier 2, the 181 Tier 1 species were qualitatively ranked based on a scoring of their potential exposure and sensitivity to contaminants using a conceptual exposure model for the study area.

Becker, J.M.; Brandt, C.A.; Dauble, D.D.; Maughan, A.D.; O`Neil, T.K.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Computable General Equilibrium Models for Sustainability Impact Assessment:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Computable General Equilibrium Models for Sustainability Impact Assessment: Computable General Equilibrium Models for Sustainability Impact Assessment: Status quo and prospects Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Computable General Equilibrium Models for Sustainability Impact Assessment: Status quo and prospects Agency/Company /Organization: DG Joint Research Centre, European Commission, University of Heidelberg Topics: Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Publications, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Other Website: iatools.jrc.ec.europa.eu/docs/ecol_econ_2006.pdf Computable General Equilibrium Models for Sustainability Impact Assessment: Status quo and prospects Screenshot References: Computable general equilibrium models[1] Abstract "Sustainability Impact Assessment (SIA) of economic, environmental, and

52

Environmental Impact Assessment (New Brunswick, Canada) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Environmental Impact Assessment (New Brunswick, Canada) Environmental Impact Assessment (New Brunswick, Canada) Environmental Impact Assessment (New Brunswick, Canada) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Environmental Regulations Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process through which the environmental impacts potentially resulting from a proposed project are identified and assessed early in the planning process. EIA identifies steps

53

Final Regulatory Impact Review/ Final Environmental Assessment/Initial Regulatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Final Regulatory Impact Review/ Final Environmental Assessment/Initial Regulatory Flexibility................................................................................................. 1 2 REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW................................................................. 2 2 Analysis Amendment 97 to the Fishery Management Plan for Groundfish of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands

54

Environmental Assessment/ Regulatory Impact Review/ Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DRAFT Environmental Assessment/ Regulatory Impact Review/ Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Impact Review/Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis analyzes alternatives to include three species For Amendment 100 to the Fishery Management Plan for Groundfish of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands

55

Secretarial Review Draft Regulatory Impact Review/Environmental Assessment/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Secretarial Review Draft Regulatory Impact Review/Environmental Assessment/ Initial Regulatory............................................................................................................................. 1 2.0 REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW Flexibility Analysis for Proposed Amendment 92 to the Fishery Management Plan for Groundfish of the Bering Sea

56

Impact Assessment Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Impact Assessment Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png

57

Impact Assessment of Abiotic Resources in LCA: Quantitative Comparison of Selected Characterization Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Impact Assessment of Abiotic Resources in LCA: Quantitative Comparison of Selected Characterization Models ... Resources have received significant attention in recent years resulting in development of a wide range of resource depletion indicators within life cycle assessment (LCA). ... Finally, we classify the existing methods into three groups, according to method focus and modeling approach, to aid method selection within LCA. ...

Jakob T. Rørbech; Carl Vadenbo; Stefanie Hellweg; Thomas F. Astrup

2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

58

REVIEW Open Access Assessing environmental impacts of offshore wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEW Open Access Assessing environmental impacts of offshore wind farms: lessons learned and recommendations for the future Helen Bailey1* , Kate L Brookes2 and Paul M Thompson3 Abstract Offshore wind power literature and our experience with assessing impacts of offshore wind developments on marine mammals

Aberdeen, University of

59

Economic Impact Assessment: Laser and Fiberoptic Power and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

00-3 Planning Report Economic Impact Assessment: NIST-EEEL Laser and Fiberoptic Power Office Strategic Planning and Economic Analysis Group August 2000 U.S Department of Commerce Technology Administration #12;FINAL REPORT ECONOMIC IMPACT ASSESSMENT: NIST-EEEL LASER AND FIBEROPTIC POWER AND ENERGY

60

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/ FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/ FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.0 REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW: ECONOMIC AND SOCIOECONOMIC IMPACTS OF THE ALTERNATIVES FOR AMENDMENT 47 TO THE FISHERY MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE GROUNDFISH FISHERY OF THE BERING SEA AND ALEUTIAN

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Agency/Company /Organization World Agroforestry Centre Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment Resource Type Publications Website http://www.worldagroforestry.o Country Philippines UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed[1] Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Screenshot This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it.

62

Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Status Chart  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Status Chart Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Status Chart This chart represents anticipated activity and is not a commitment for documentation or dates. October 21, 2011 EIS-0426: Notice of Extension of Public Comment Period for the Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement Continued Operation of the Nevada National Security Site and Off-Site Locations in the State of Nevada September 26, 2011 EA-1792: Finding of No Significant Impact University of Maine's Deepwater Offshore Floating Wind Turbine Testing and Demonstration Project, Gulf of Maine September 26, 2011 EA-1792: Final Environmental Assessment University of Maine's DeepWater Offshore Floating Wind Turbine Testing and

63

European Commission Impact Assessment Tools | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

European Commission Impact Assessment Tools European Commission Impact Assessment Tools Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: IPTS-IA Tools Agency/Company /Organization: European Commission Joint Research Centre Sector: Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Publications, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Other Website: iatools.jrc.ec.europa.eu/bin/view/IQTool/WebHome.html IPTS-IA Tools Screenshot References: IPTS-IA Tools[1] Overview "IA TOOLS is an online platform that provides Commission policy actors and impact assessment practitioners throughout Europe with a repository of guidance, information and best practices for the impact assessment of new policies and legislative measures. At one click, the IA TOOLS website provides expert and non-expert with guidance on the main steps to be

64

LEDSGP/analysis/impacts/DIAWebinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LEDSGP/analysis/impacts/DIAWebinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low LEDSGP/analysis/impacts/DIAWebinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low Emissions Development < LEDSGP‎ | analysis/impacts Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Webinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low Emissions Development Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), Joint Implementation Network, German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, People and Policy Phase: Bring the Right People Together Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Training materials, Webinar Cost: Free Language: English Webinar Summary Constructing a LEDS requires a tool that enables governments to evaluate

65

Impacts assessment for the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the economic and other impacts that will be created by the National Ignition Facility (NIF) construction and ongoing operation, as well as the impacts that may be created by new technologies that may be developed as a result of NIF development and operation.

Bay Area Economics

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Ministry of Environment for Government of Nepal Sector Climate Focus Area Agriculture, Forestry, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Low emission development planning Website http://cdkn.org/2011/11/call-f Country Nepal Southern Asia References Nepal Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment[1] CDKN is providing support to the GoN through a number of projects to design and deliver climate compatible development (CCD) plans and policies. To

67

Category:LEDSGP Development Impacts Assessment Toolkits | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:LEDSGP Development Impacts Assessment Toolkits Jump to: navigation, search Development Impacts Assessment Tools help country, regional, and local policymakers find tools and online resources to assess the impacts of low-emission development strategies (LEDS). These tools equip decision makers with information to explore policy options and build consensus with stakeholders to acheive low-emission development. LEDSGP/DIA-Toolkit Pages in category "LEDSGP Development Impacts Assessment Toolkits" The following 65 pages are in this category, out of 65 total.

68

Nepal Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Ministry of Environment for Government of Nepal Sector Climate Focus Area Agriculture, Forestry, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Low emission development planning Website http://cdkn.org/2011/11/call-f Country Nepal Southern Asia References Nepal Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment[1] CDKN is providing support to the GoN through a number of projects to design and deliver climate compatible development (CCD) plans and policies. To

69

Assessments of biofuel sustainability: air pollution and health impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fossil fuels and conventional ethanol, would cause significant air pollution and healthHealth Impacts Assessments of Brazilian Ethanol 4.1 Introduction Each year, around a quarter of total world energy use, dominated by conventional fossil fuels,

Tsao, Chi-Chung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT / REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW / FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT / REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW / FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS for Modifying existing Chinook and chum salmon savings areas AMENDMENT 84 to the Fishery Management Plan by the current regulatory closure regulations, as much higher salmon bycatch rates are reportedly encountered

71

Integrated Economic and Climate Projections for Impact Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We designed scenarios for impact assessment that explicitly address policy choices and uncertainty in climate response. Economic projections and the resulting greenhouse gas emissions for the “no climate policy” scenario ...

Paltsev, Sergey

72

Sustainability Impact Assessments: limits, thresholds and the Sustainability Choice Space  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sustainability impact assessments (SIA) are inherently difficult ... of policy proposals or options across the ‘three pillars’ of economy, society and environment. In ... are made in relation to questions about t...

Marion Potschin; Roy Haines-Young

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

COMPARATIVE HEALTH IMPACT ASSESSMENTS ON FECAL SLUDGE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i COMPARATIVE HEALTH IMPACT ASSESSMENTS ON FECAL SLUDGE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES: A CASE STUDY OF KLONG Fecal sludge (FS) is widely acknowledged as a major source of infectious pathogens. However, the proper

Richner, Heinz

74

The impact and effectiveness of health impact assessment: A conceptual framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of health impact assessment (HIA) has expanded rapidly and there are increasing demands for it to demonstrate its effectiveness. This paper presents a conceptual framework for evaluating HIA and describes its development through (i) a review of the literature, (ii) a review of work undertaken as part of a major HIA capacity building project and (iii) an in-depth study of seven completed HIAs. The framework emphasises context, process and impacts as key domains in understanding and evaluating the effectiveness of an HIA. This new framework builds upon the existing approaches to evaluating HIA and extends them to reflect the broad range of factors that comprise and influence the effectiveness of HIAs. It may be of use in evaluating completed HIAs and in planning HIAs that are yet to be undertaken. -- Highlights: ? The first empirically-derived conceptual framework for evaluating HIA ? It may also be useful for planning and reporting on HIAs. ? The framework emphasises context, process and impacts as key domains. ? A broad range of factors influence the effectiveness of HIAs.

Harris-Roxas, Ben, E-mail: ben@harrisroxashealth.com; Harris, Elizabeth, E-mail: e.harris@unsw.edu.au

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

SECRETARIAL REVIEW DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT / REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SECRETARIAL REVIEW DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT / REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW / INITIAL REGULATORY RIR Regulatory Impact Review RP Central GOA Rockfish Program RP CV Rockfish Program Catcher Vessel RPA FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS For a proposed Amendment to the Fishery Management Plan for Groundfish of the Gulf

76

Assessing the Vegetation Condition Impacts of the 2011 Drought Across the U.S. Southern Great Plains Using the Vegetation Drought Response Index (VegDRI)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Vegetation Drought Response Index (VegDRI), which combines traditional climate- and satellite-based approaches for assessing vegetation conditions, offers new insights into assessing the impacts of drought from local to regional scales. In ...

Tsegaye Tadesse; Brian D. Wardlow; Jesslyn Brown; Michael Hayes; Mark Svoboda; Brian Fuchs; Denise Gutzmer

77

Applying a weed risk assessment approach to GM crops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Current approaches to environmental risk assessment of genetically modified (GM) plants are modelled on chemical risk assessment methods, which have a strong focus on toxicity. There are additional types of ha...

Paul K. Keese; Andrea V. Robold; Ruth C. Myers; Sarah Weisman…

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Framework for Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection for Nonproliferation Impact Assessments.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a framework for proliferation resistance and physical protection evaluation for the fuel cycle systems envisioned in the expansion of nuclear power for electricity generation. The methodology is based on an approach developed as part of the Generation IV technical evaluation framework and on a qualitative evaluation approach to policy factors similar to those that were introduced in previous Nonproliferation Impact Assessments performed by DOE.

Bari,R.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

JC3 Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Medium Impact Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins JC3 Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins RSS December 4, 2012 V-039: Samsung and Dell printers Firmware Backdoor Unauthorized Access Vulnerability Samsung has issued a security advisory and an optional firmware update for all current Samsung networked laser printers and multifunction devices to enhance Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) security. November 30, 2012 V-037: Wireshark Multiple Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service Several vulnerabilities were reported in Wireshark. November 29, 2012 V-036: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database Authentication Bypass Vulnerability Two vulnerabilities were reported in EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager. November 27, 2012 V-034: RSA Adaptive Authentication (On-Premise) Input Validation Flaws

80

DOE (Department of Energy) risk assessment worksheets: A structured approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume consists of the worksheets for each step in completing the guideline. This guideline outlines the approach to conducting risk assessments of computer security. (JEF)

Not Available

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The EqIA Publishing Template Impact Assessment Summary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The EqIA Publishing Template Impact Assessment Summary 1. Name of policy, function or service. Bedgebury 5 year strategy and development plan. This is a partial assessment. 2. Purpose and aims with ETWF: Sustainable Resource, Climate Change, Natural Environment, Quality of Life, Business and Markets

82

Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History Academic Program Appointment Request of the system: The application form supports the application process at Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural to the Museum. The information is used to assess the applicants' suitability for placement in an academic

Mathis, Wayne N.

83

Groundwater impact assessment report for the 284-WB Powerplant Ponds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As required by the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement Milestone M-17-00A), this report assesses the impact of wastewater discharged to the 284-WB Powerplant Ponds on groundwater quality. The assessment reported herein expands upon the initial analysis conducted between 1989 and 1990 for the Liquid Effluent Study Final Project Plan.

Alexander, D.J.; Johnson, V.G.; Lindsey, K.A.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Sustainable Land-use Impact Assessment Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sustainable Land-use Impact Assessment Toolkit Sustainable Land-use Impact Assessment Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development

85

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: OFFICE OF LEGACY MANAGEMENT: RECORDS  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

-. -. ., ,-- -.' * PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: OFFICE OF LEGACY MANAGEMENT: RECORDS HANDLING SYSTEM: ELECTRONIC RECORDS KEEPING SYSTEM PIA Template Version - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1. Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A. Privacy Impact Assessments. for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetext/neword/206/02061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Deparbnental Element & Site . June 4, 2009 Office of Legacy Management, Morgantown, WV :;:~:f~~r~;;:reC: LM Records Handling System (LMRHS01) - Electronic Records Keeping System exhibit Project UID 019-10-01-31-02-1014-00

86

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: INL INGSM2009 PIA Template Version  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

* * PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: INL INGSM2009 PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetext/neword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT D.. June 16, 2009 Deparlnient~", Element &Site Idaho National Laboratory N.....,e,df'llnformatlon 10th International Nuclear Graphite Specialists Meeting registration web site. ,SY8tem,orIT Project exhibit Project UID Enterprise Architecture Application 10 - 223419 NewPIA D Update 0 System

87

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: OFFICE OF LEGACY MANAGEMENT: RECORDS  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

* PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: OFFICE OF LEGACY MANAGEMENT: RECORDS HANDLING SYSTEM ROCKY FLATS ENVIRONMENTAL RECORDS DATABASE PIA Template Version - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Departmental Element & Site June 4,2009 Office of Legacy Management, Morgantown, WV Name of Information LM Records Handling System (LMRHS01) - Rocky Flats Environmental Records System or IT Project Database exhibit Project UID 019-10-01-31-02-1014-00

88

Webinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low Emissions Development |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Webinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low Emissions Development Webinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low Emissions Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Webinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low Emissions Development Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), Joint Implementation Network, German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, People and Policy Phase: Bring the Right People Together Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Training materials, Webinar Cost: Free Language: English Webinar Summary Constructing a LEDS requires a tool that enables governments to evaluate and prioritize policies across an economy and clearly explain the process

89

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: OFFICE OF LEGACY MANAGEMENT: RECORDS  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

,. - -i * PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: OFFICE OF LEGACY MANAGEMENT: RECORDS HANDLING SYSTEM: FERNALD HISTORICAL RECORDS SYSTEM PIA Template Version - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/02061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written slibmisslons will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Departmental Element & SIte· June 4, 2009 Office of Legacy Management, Morgantown, WV Name of Information System or IT Project LM Records Handling System (LMRHS01) - Fernald Historical Records System exhIbit Project UIO 019-10-01-31-02-1014-00

90

RIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: SPRO Business Operations General Support  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

RIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: SPRO - Business Operations General Support System PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 iiiiiiiiiiiiiii Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/02061.pdf MODULE I - PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Departmental Element & Site July 21, 2009 Office of Fossil Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office - New Orleans, LA 70123 Name of Information System or IT Project Unclassified Business Operations General Support System (GSS) exhibit Project UID UPI Code: 019-20-01-16-02-3612-00 NewPIA 0 Update D N T 'tl I Contact Information arne, I e Ph E 'I one, mal System Owner Local Privacy

91

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: OFFICE OF LEGACY MANAGEMENT: RECORDS  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

'" '" " * .1 * PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: OFFICE OF LEGACY MANAGEMENT: RECORDS HANDLING SYSTEM: FREEDOM OF INFORMAnON ACT/ PRIVACY ACT PIA Template Version - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/02061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Oeparbn~ntal Element" Site June 4, 2009 Office of Legacy Management, Morgantown, WV Name of Information System or IT Project LM Records Handling System (LMRHS01) - Freedom of Information Act/Privacy

92

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Shaw Areva MOX Services, LLC MOX  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

. . ,-) ')7 73?Â¥i5": )~"'f"YC-:;'~dt?f(~"'f9'FrrZ , . PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Shaw Areva MOX Services, LLC MOX Services Unclassified Information System Template - January 30, 2009, Version 2 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (pIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: hltp:llwww.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. (803) 819-22700 Dstlnson@moxprolect.com Dave Stinson, President and Chief Executive Officer, Shaw AREVA MOX Services, LLC NNSA Shaw AREVA MOX Services Savannah River Site, Aiken SC .. .. . ": .' . ' .... .- ...: ......

93

ADOPTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT and FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT;  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ADOPTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT and FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT; ADOPTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT and FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT; DETERMINATION OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT DOE/EA-1868: MANHATTAN PROJECT SITES Los Alamos, New Mexico; Hanford, Washington; Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Dayton, Ohio BACKGROUND: 'The National Park Service (NPS) issued an Environmental Assessment (September 2010) in consultation with DOE for a proposed action of recommending that Congress authorize an innovative Manhattan Project National Historical Park. The Park Service selected an alternative for the proposed park that includes publicly and privately owned facilities in Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Los Alamos, New Mexico; and the Hanford, Washington area. 'The boundaries of the national historical park would be defined by enabling legislation and refined by the general management planning

94

Groundwater impact assessment report for the 216-U-14 Ditch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Groundwater impact assessments are conducted at liquid effluent receiving sites on the Hanford Site to determine hydrologic and contaminant impacts caused by discharging wastewater to the soil column. The assessments conducted are pursuant to the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement) Milestone M-17-00A and M-17-00B, as agreed by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology), and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (Ecology et al. 1992). This report assesses impacts on the groundwater and vadose zone from wastewater discharged to the 216-U-14 Ditch. Contemporary effluent waste streams of interest are 242-S Evaporator Steam Condensate and UO{sub 3}/U Plant wastewater.

Singleton, K.M.; Lindsey, K.A.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Status Chart  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Status Chart Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Status Chart The Status Chart provides the status of ongoing NEPA documents at the Department of Energy, including the dates of important milestones in the NEPA process and references to more information (updated monthly). This chart represents anticipated activity and is not a commitment for documentation or date. Last Revised: 12/19/2013 StatusChart_December2013revised.pdf More Documents & Publications 2013 Annual Planning Summary for the Western Area Power Administration 2012 Annual Planning Summary for Western Area Power Administration 2011 ANNUAL PLANNING SUMMARY FOR ADVANCED RESEARCH AND PROJECTS AGENCY WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION

96

Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversity assessments of land use: Part 2: Impact assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in life cycle assessment (LCA). Some production processes,support impacts of land use in LCA. J Clean Prod 8(4):313–010-0199-9 LAND USE IN LCA Coupling GIS and LCA for

Geyer, Roland; Lindner, Jan P.; Stoms, David M.; Davis, Frank W.; Wittstock, Bastian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Risk Analysis and Probabilistic Survivability Assessment (RAPSA): An Assessment Approach for Power Substation Hardening1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or infrastructure system, and cause widespread fear from a major or prolonged service disruption [8]. In assessingRisk Analysis and Probabilistic Survivability Assessment (RAPSA): An Assessment Approach for Power System Analysis (SSA) with Probability Risk Assessment (PRA). The method adds quantitative information

Krings, Axel W.

98

An Information Visualization Approach to Intelligent Building Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

approach can be applied to support IB assessment. Key words: Intelligent building; Assessment; Methodology; Model; Information visualization 1. INTRODUCTION For building assessment, the currently most popular way is to use rating method...-assessment of IBs. 2. METHODOLOGY The methodology adopted in this research comprises several methods focusing on detailed objectives mentioned above. First of all, an extensive literature review is required to explore achievements in the areas of information...

Hong, J.; Chen, Z.; Li, H.; Xu, Q.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Finding of No Significant Impact Issued on Environmental Assessment for  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Finding of No Significant Impact Issued on Environmental Assessment for Remote-handled Waste Disposition Project at DOE�s Idaho Site Finding of No Significant Impact Issued on Environmental Assessment for Remote-handled Waste Disposition Project at DOE�s Idaho Site The U.S. Department of Energy has issued a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) on the Final Environmental Assessment for the Remote-handled Waste Disposition Project. The environmental assessment analyzed potential environmental impacts of processing for disposition approximately 322 cubic meters of remote-handled waste currently stored at the department�s Idaho Site near Idaho Falls, Idaho. An additional five cubic meters of waste stored at the Hanford Site near Richland, Washington was also evaluated, since it is possible that waste may come to Idaho for treatment. Under the Department�s preferred alternative, workers will use sealed rooms called hot cells at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) to process the waste, treat it as necessary and repackage it so that it is ready for disposal. The document includes a description of modifications necessary to the hot cells to perform the work.

100

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/ INITIAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/ INITIAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS to the Fisheries Management Plan (FMP) for the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands (BSAI) area, approved on March 4. The structure of the FMP allows certain measures to be changed by regulatory amendments without amending the FMP

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

DRAFT FOR SECRETARIAL REVIEW ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DRAFT FOR SECRETARIAL REVIEW ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/ FINAL REGULATORY an Amendment to the Fishery Management Plan for the Groundfish Fishery of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Area including a Regulatory Amendment to rescind regulations (� 675.22, paragraphs c,d,e) that allow

102

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT / REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW / FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT / REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW / FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS Management Plan for Groundfish of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Management Area October 2007 Prepared that bycatch may be exacerbated by the current regulatory closure regulations, as much higher salmon bycatch

103

Privacy Impact Assessment OFEO Facilities Management System Facilities Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Privacy Impact Assessment OFEO Facilities Management System ­ Facilities Center I. System Identification 1. IT System Name: Facilities Management System - FacilityCenter 2. IT System Sponsor: Office. IT System Manager: Michelle T. Gooch, Facilities Management Systems Manager 5. PIA Author: Michelle T. Gooch

Mathis, Wayne N.

104

Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History Paleobiology Training Program I usually begins in March and continues into July and meets once a week in the Natural History Museum. The following information will be collected and stored in the PTP database: Full applicant name, mailing address

Mathis, Wayne N.

105

Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History Archives Visitor Registration Request. The visitor database is controlled with respect to access, authority to modify, and ability to operate it. The visitor database requires users to authenticate their identity through the entry of a user ID and password

Mathis, Wayne N.

106

Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History Botanical Symposium Registration I collected are stored in a database for the purpose of printing receipts, badges, sending e-mail messages Server database or using Web-based administrative tools that are only available inside the firewall

Mathis, Wayne N.

107

Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History Anthropology Collections Visitor in electronic form, and protects data from unauthorized alteration or modification. The visitor database is controlled with respect to access, authority to modify, and ability to operate it. The visitor database

Mathis, Wayne N.

108

Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History Botanical Symposium Tour collected are stored in a SQL Server database for the purpose of confirming registration, notifying in a database at the Smithsonian. Web users have no direct access to the database. The tour registration records

Mathis, Wayne N.

109

Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History Friends of the Archives Mailing List I or modification. The visitor database is controlled with respect to access, authority to modify, and ability to operate it. The visitor database requires users to authenticate their identity through the entry of a user

Mathis, Wayne N.

110

Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the Raiser's Edge fundraising database. Raiser's Edge is used by National Museum of Natural History staff1 Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History Office of External Affairs Online provides National Museum of Natural History supporters with the ability to make a credit card donation

Mathis, Wayne N.

111

JC3 High Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High Impact High Impact Assessment Bulletins JC3 High Impact Assessment Bulletins RSS August 9, 2013 V-215: NetworkMiner Directory Traversal and Insecure Library Loading Vulnerabilities The vulnerabilities are reported in versions 1.4.1 and prior August 8, 2013 V-214: Mozilla Firefox Multiple Vulnerabilities The vulnerabilities are reported in versions prior to 23.0. August 5, 2013 V-211: IBM iNotes Multiple Vulnerabilities IBM iNotes has two cross-site scripting vulnerabilities and an ActiveX Integer overflow vulnerability August 2, 2013 V -209:Cisco WAAS (Wide Area Application Services) Arbitrary Code Execution Vulnerabilities Cisco Wide Area Application Services (WAAS) when configured as Central Manager (CM), contains a vulnerability that could allow an unauthenticated,

112

JC3 High Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

High Impact High Impact Assessment Bulletins JC3 High Impact Assessment Bulletins RSS June 28, 2013 V-188: Apache XML Security XPointer Expressions Processing Buffer Overflow Vulnerability The vulnerability addresses the possibility of a heap overflow condition June 27, 2013 V-187: Mozilla Firefox Multiple Vulnerabilities These vulnerabilities can be exploited by malicious people to conduct cross-site scripting and spoofing attacks, disclose potentially sensitive information, bypass certain security restrictions, and compromise a user's system. June 19, 2013 V-181: Oracle Java SE Critical Patch Update Advisory - June 2013 Multiple vulnerabilities were reported in Oracle Java. June 14, 2013 V-178: IBM Data Studio Web Console Java Multiple Vulnerabilities IBM Data Studio Web Console uses the IBM Java Runtime Environment (JRE) and

113

JC3 High Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

High Impact High Impact Assessment Bulletins JC3 High Impact Assessment Bulletins RSS November 7, 2012 V-018: Adobe Flash Player Buffer Overflows and Memory Corruption Errors Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code Several vulnerabilities were reported in Adobe Flash Player. November 5, 2012 V-016: HP Performance Insight Bugs with Sybase Database Let Remote Users Deny Service and Take Full Control of the Target System Two vulnerabilities were reported in HP Performance Insight. November 2, 2012 V-015: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code, Local Users Bypass the Screen Lock, and Applications Obtain Kernel Address Information Three vulnerabilities were reported in Apple iOS. November 1, 2012 V-014: Cisco Prime Data Center Network Manager JBoss RMI Services Let

114

JC3 Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Medium Impact Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins JC3 Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins RSS September 9, 2013 V-237: TYPO3 Security Bypass Vulnerabilities TYPO3 comes with the possibility to restrict editors to certain file actions (copy, delete, move etc.) and to restrict these actions to be performed in certain locations September 4, 2013 V-234: EMC RSA Archer GRC Open Redirection Weakness and Security Bypass Security Issue This fixes multiple vulnerabilities, which can be exploited to bypass certain security restrictions and to conduct spoofing attacks September 3, 2013 V-233: Red Hat update for JBoss Fuse This fixes multiple vulnerabilities, which can be exploited by malicious people to bypass certain security restrictions and cause a DoS. August 28, 2013 V-229: IBM Lotus iNotes Input Validation Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting

115

JC3 Low Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Low Impact Low Impact Assessment Bulletins JC3 Low Impact Assessment Bulletins RSS July 31, 2013 V-207: Wireshark Multiple Denial of Service Vulnerabilities Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow execution of arbitrary code. July 30, 2013 V-206: Apache HTTP Server mod_rewrite and "httpOnly" Cookie Disclosure Vulnerabilities Two vulnerabilities have been reported in Apache HTTP Server July 29, 2013 V-205: IBM Tivoli System Automation for Multiplatforms Java Multiple Vulnerabilities The weakness and the vulnerabilities are caused due to a bundled vulnerable version of Java. November 30, 2011 U-048: HP LaserJet Printers Unspecified Flaw Lets Remote Users Update Firmware with Arbitrary Code A remote user can upgrade the printer's firmware with arbitrary code

116

Should different impact assessment instruments be integrated? Evidence from English spatial planning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper aims at providing empirical evidence to the question as to whether integration of different instruments is achieving its aim in supporting sustainable decision making, focusing on SEA inclusive sustainability appraisal (SA) and other impact assessments (IAs) currently used in English spatial planning. Usage of IAs in addition to SA is established and an analysis of the integration approach (in terms of process, output, and assessor) as well as its effectiveness is conducted. It is found that while integration enhances effectiveness to some extent, too much integration, especially in terms of the procedural element, appears to diminish the overall effectiveness of each IA in influencing decisions as they become captured by the balancing function of SA. -- Highlights: ? The usage of different impact assessments in English spatial planning is clarified. ? The relationship between integration approach and effectiveness is analyzed. ? Results suggest that integration does not necessarily lead to more sustainable decisions. ? Careful consideration is recommended upon process integration.

Tajima, Ryo, E-mail: tajima.ryo@nies.go.jp [Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259-G5-9 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokoyama City, Kanagawa, 226-8502 (Japan)] [Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259-G5-9 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokoyama City, Kanagawa, 226-8502 (Japan); Fischer, Thomas B., E-mail: fischer@liverpool.ac.uk [Department of Geography and Planning, School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool, 74 Bedford Street South, Liverpool L69 7ZQ (United Kingdom)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

Research Summary Sustainability impact assessment: tools for environmental, social and economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Summary Sustainability impact assessment: tools for environmental, social and economic to produce Sustainability Impact Assessment Tools (SIATs) that will be used to predict the impacts of sustainability issues in European regions, and has developed a `Framework for Participatory Impact Assessment

118

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: INL PERSONNEL SECURITY SECIMS PIA  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PERSONNEL PERSONNEL SECURITY - SECIMS PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Departmental Element;& Site Name of Infonnatlon Syetemor Ilf Project Exhibit ProJect UIO NewPIA D Update ~ June 11, 2009 Idaho National Laboratory Willow Creek Building RIOT-Center INL SECURITY INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM BUSINESS ENCLAVE 311 DOE PIA - SECIMS Finallxw.doc N T 'tl I Contact Information arne I e . , Phone, Email

119

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: OFFICE OF LEGACY MANAGEMENT: RECORDS  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OFFICE OFFICE OF LEGACY MANAGEMENT: RECORDS HANDLING SYSTEM: ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT PIA Template Version - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance Is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/02061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE I - PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Departmental Element &Site June 4, 2009 Office of Legacy Management, Morgantown, WV Name of Information LM Records Handling System (LMRHS01) - Energy Employees Occupational Illness System or IT Project Compensation Program Act exhibit

120

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: INL Education Programs PIA Template  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Education Education Programs PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE I - PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT Date Departmental Elernent'& (Site 24/Jun/09 Idaho National Laboratory Information Operations and Research Center (IORC) Nameofll,f..,rrnatlon INL Education Programs System or IfPi'()ject Business Enclave Exhibit Proj.ctlUO NA NewPIA D Update [~] DOE PIA - INL Education Program Finallxw.doc N T "tl I Contact Information arne,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Assess Potential Changes in Business Travel that Impact Greenhouse Gas  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Changes in Business Travel that Impact Greenhouse Changes in Business Travel that Impact Greenhouse Gas Emissions Assess Potential Changes in Business Travel that Impact Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 1:22pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 1 For a Federal agency, changes in the demand for business travel can be difficult to predict. Changes in the nature of the agency's work may have a substantial impact on the demand for business travel. It is therefore important to account for these changes when planning for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction. Conditions that may contribute to a significant increase or decrease in the agency's business travel, beyond specific efforts to reduce business travel demand, include: Significant changes in the agency's budget Addition or completion of major program activities that require

122

Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Status Chart  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

May 28, 2010 May 28, 2010 EIS-0419: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Whistling Ridge Energy Project, Construction and Operation of a 75-megawatt Wind Turbine Facility, City of White Salmon, Skamania County, WA May 13, 2010 EA-1707: Draft Environmental Assessment Closure of Nonradioactive Dangerous Waste Landfill and Solid Waste Landfill, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington April 9, 2010 EIS-0404: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Los Vaqueros Reservoir Expansion Project, California April 9, 2010 EIS-0455: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Genesis Solar Energy Project, Riverside County, CA April 9, 2010 EIS-0455: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Genesis Solar Energy Project, Riverside County, CA

123

Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Status Chart  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

August 5, 2011 August 5, 2011 EIS-0444: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Texas Clean Energy Project, Ector, Texas August 3, 2011 EA-1840: Final Environmental Assessment California Valley Solar Ranch Project in San Luis Obispo and Kern Counties, California August 3, 2011 EA-1840: Finding of No Significant Impact Loan Guarantee to High Plains II, LLC for the California Valley Solar Ranch Project in San Luis Obispo County and Kern County, California July 29, 2011 EIS-0426: Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement Continued Operation of the Nevada National Security Site and Off-Site Locations in the State of Nevada July 29, 2011 EIS-0426: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement and Notice of Public Hearings

124

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessment environmental impact Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(see Impact assessment). The notion of an environmental impact due... . An ... Source: Smith, Eric P. - Department of Statistics, Virginia Tech Collection: Environmental...

125

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing environmental impacts Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(see Impact assessment). The notion of an environmental impact due... . An ... Source: Smith, Eric P. - Department of Statistics, Virginia Tech Collection: Environmental...

126

Developing a Modeling Framework for Assessing Population Impacts of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Developing a Modeling Framework for Assessing Population Impacts of Developing a Modeling Framework for Assessing Population Impacts of Residential Air Quality Policies Speaker(s): Jennifer Logue Date: November 13, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Brett Singer People spend the majority of their time in residences and the health burden of indoor air is significant. However, the definitions of "acceptable" and "good" indoor air quality (IAQ), and the most effective, energy efficient methods for achieving various levels of IAQ are still matters of research and debate. Current ventilation standards focus on minimum requirements for overall and mechanically provided ventilation rates, and vented combustion equipment, and require only the installation of kitchen and bath exhaust fans for source control. These standards generally are

127

Emerging approaches, challenges and opportunities in life cycle assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- rable. For instance, CO2 and CH4 emissions can both be expressed as CO2-equivalent emissions by using in the life cycle and sums them across the whole system. Typically, several hundreds of emissions and resources are quantified. In the third phase, life-cycle impact assessment (LCIA), emissions and resources

Napp, Nils

128

Assessment Of Bacterial Sources Impacting Lake Waco And Belton Lake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

time for sample delivery to the laboratory and initiation of analysis was maintained. Following incubation and enumeration using USEPA Method 1603, the Assessment of Bacterial Sources Impacting Lake Waco & Belton Lake Executive Summary J:\\742... of Contents J:\\742\\742880_TX_Farm_Bureau\\Reports\\Final_Report_2-2006\\TXFB_ReportFinal_020806.doc i February 2006 TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................................ ES-1 SECTION 1...

Giovanni, G.

129

Human scenarios for the screening assessment. Columbia River Comprehensive Impact Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because of past nuclear production operations along the Columbia River, there is intense public and tribal interest in assessing any residual Hanford Site related contamination along the river from the Hanford Reach to the Pacific Ocean. The Columbia River Impact Assessment (CRCIA) was proposed to address these concerns. The assessment of the Columbia River is being conducted in phases. The initial phase is a screening assessment of risk, which addresses current environmental conditions for a range of potential uses. One component of the screening assessment estimates the risk from contaminants in the Columbia River to humans. Because humans affected by the Columbia river are involved in a wide range of activities, various scenarios have been developed on which to base the risk assessments. The scenarios illustrate the range of activities possible by members of the public coming in contact with the Columbia River so that the impact of contaminants in the river on human health can be assessed. Each scenario illustrates particular activity patterns by a specific group. Risk will be assessed at the screening level for each scenario. This report defines the scenarios and the exposure factors that will be the basis for estimating the potential range of risk to human health from Hanford-derived radioactive as well as non-radioactive contaminants associated with the Columbia River.

Napier, B.A.; Harper, B.L.; Lane, N.K.; Strenge, D.L.; Spivey, R.B.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

The United Nations' Approach To Geothermal Resource Assessment | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Nations' Approach To Geothermal Resource Assessment United Nations' Approach To Geothermal Resource Assessment Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: The United Nations' Approach To Geothermal Resource Assessment Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Although the emphasis of United Nations' assisted geothermal projects has been on demonstrating the feasibility of producing geothermal fluids, the potential capacity of individual fields has been estimated by both the energy in place and decline curve methods. The energy in place method has been applied to three geothermal fields resulting in total resource estimates ranging from 380 to 16,800 MW-yr. The results of these studies must be considered highly tentative, however, due to inadequate reservoir data and a poor knowledge of producing mechanisms. The decline

131

The 6/94 gap in health impact assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Health impact assessment (HIA), a methodology that aims to facilitate the mitigation of negative and enhancement of positive health effects due to projects, programmes and policies, has been developed over the past 20-30 years. There is an underlying assumption that HIA has become a full fledged critical piece of the impact assessment process with a stature equal to both environmental and social impact assessments. This assumption needs to be supported by evidence however. Within the context of projects in developing country settings, HIA is simply a slogan without a clearly articulated and relevant methodology, offered by academia and having little or no salience in the decision-making process regarding impacts. This harsh assertion is supported by posing a simple question: 'Where in the world have HIAs been carried out?' To answer this question, we systematically searched the peer-reviewed literature and online HIA-specific databases. We identified 237 HIA-related publications, but only 6% of these publications had a focus on the developing world. What emerges is, therefore, a huge disparity, which we coin the 6/94 gap in HIA, even worse than the widely known 10/90 gap in health research (10% of health research funding is utilized for diseases causing 90% of the global burden of disease). Implications of this 6/94 gap in HIA are discussed with pointed emphasis on extractive industries (oil/gas and mining) and water resources development. We conclude that there is a pressing need to institutionalize HIA in the developing world, as a consequence of current predictions of major extractive industry and water resources development, with China's investments in these sectors across Africa being particularly salient.

Erlanger, Tobias E. [Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, CH-4002 Basel (Switzerland)], E-mail: tobias.erlanger@unibas.ch; Krieger, Gary R. [NewFields, LLC, Denver, CO 80202 (United States)], E-mail: gkrieger@newfields.com; Singer, Burton H. [Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)], E-mail: singer@princeton.edu; Utzinger, Juerg [Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, CH-4002 Basel (Switzerland)], E-mail: juerg.utzinger@unibas.ch

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

132

Software system reliability and safety assessment: an extended FMEA approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a methodology for assessing the reliability and safety of a software based on an extended Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) approach. The methodology is described in steps with illustrative examples. The analysis starts from initial phase of the software development and evolves during the subsequent phases of software development providing valuable information to each phases. Finally, the analysis yields a quantitative assessment of reliability and safety of the software system. The paper's main objective is to support Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) in assessing risk. Risk is a function of severity and failure frequency/probability. The severity is characteristic of failure effects. Failures may be analysed as functional or component failure. In this paper, it is proposed to consider severity levels at functional failure level as it is easier to understand failure effects at functional level. Moreover, various logical combinations of different functional failures can also be formed and analysed using the proposed approach.

Sinda Rebello; Neeraj Kumar Goyal

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Total System Performance Assessment - License Application Methods and Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

''Total System Performance Assessment-License Application (TSPA-LA) Methods and Approach'' provides the top-level method and approach for conducting the TSPA-LA model development and analyses. The method and approach is responsive to the criteria set forth in Total System Performance Assessment Integration (TSPAI) Key Technical Issues (KTIs) identified in agreements with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the ''Yucca Mountain Review Plan'' (YMRP), ''Final Report'' (NRC 2003 [163274]), and the NRC final rule 10 CFR Part 63 (NRC 2002 [156605]). This introductory section provides an overview of the TSPA-LA, the projected TSPA-LA documentation structure, and the goals of the document. It also provides a brief discussion of the regulatory framework, the approach to risk management of the development and analysis of the model, and the overall organization of the document. The section closes with some important conventions that are used in this document.

J. McNeish

2003-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

134

Geothermal power production: impact assessments and environmental monitoring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The role that baseline and postoperational environmental monitoring plays in assessing impacts of geothermal power production is emphasized. Based on experience in the Imperial Valley, where substantial geothermal resources exist, the important characteristics of monitoring programs involving subsidence, seismicity, and air and water quality are examined. The importance of environmental monitoring for situations where predictive models either do not exist (e.g., seismicity), or are still being developed (e.g., land subsidence) are discussed. In these cases the need for acquiring and analyzing data that can provide timely information on changes caused by geothermal operations are emphasized. Monitoring is also useful in verifying predictions of air quality changes - in particular, violations of ambient standards after control technologies are implemented. Water quality can be monitored with existing sampling programs where the potential for geothermal impacts is thought to be rather small. The significant issues in these environmental areas, the status of baseline data and predictive capability that currently exists, and the need for future monitoring and modeling programs to assess the impacts of geothermal development are summarized.

Layton, D.W.; Pimentel, K.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Assess Potential Agency Size Changes that Impact Greenhouse Gases from  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Assess Potential Agency Size Changes that Impact Greenhouse Gases from Vehicles and Mobile Equipment October 7, 2013 - 11:31am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 1 Planned changes in a Federal agency's size, missions, transportation needs, and vehicle inventory all impact the strategic portfolio planning efforts that target greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions mitigation for vehicles and mobile equipment. Under Section 142 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) and Section 8 of Executive Order (E.O.) 13514, agencies are required to develop a plan that will reduce fleet GHG emissions to meet Federally mandated petroleum reduction and alternative fuel increase targets. Agencies can use these plans as a basis for determining potential changes in fleet size and

136

Assess Potential Agency Size Changes that Impact Greenhouse Gas Emissions |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Emissions Emissions Assess Potential Agency Size Changes that Impact Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 10:12am Addthis Federal agencies should establish planned changes in operations that could have a substantial impact on emissions for each greenhouse gas (GHG) emission source: Buildings Vehicles and mobile equipment Business travel Employee commuting. Such changes could represent either an additional significant hurdle to overcome or a significant reduction in the effort required to drive emissions down-in the absence of any direct GHG mitigation reduction strategies. This will help each organization establish its "business as usual" emission profile in 2020, the year agencies are expected to meet their Scope 1 and 2 and Scope 3 GHG emission-reduction goals.

137

Assessments of biofuel sustainability: air pollution and health impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainability: Air Pollution and Health Impacts By Chi-and indirect air-pollution and health impacts throughout theparticularly air pollution and health impacts. In this

Tsao, Chi-Chung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW NORTH PACIFIC FISHERIES RESEARCH PLAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW FOR THE NORTH PACIFIC FISHERIES RESEARCH PLAN environmental assessment/regulatory impact review (EA/RIR) for the Research Plan was initially reviewed . . . . . . . . 4 1.2.2 Regulatory Impact Review . . . . . . . . 5 1.3 Description of the Domestic Fishing Fleet

139

SQA Site Assessments and Criteria Review and Approach Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SQA Site Assessments and Criteria Review and Approach Documents SQA Site Assessments and Criteria Review and Approach Documents DOE G 414.1-4, Safety Software Guide for use with 10 CFR 830, Subpart A, Quality Assurance Requirements, and DOE O 414.1C, Quality Assurance, was issued June 17. 2005. This Guide, referred to as the DOE Safety Software Quality Assurance (SSQA) Guide, includes Appendix F, a Criteria Review and Approach Document (CRAD) associated with the SSQA requirements in DOE O 414.1C. The criteria in the CRAD apply to all safety software regardless of the safety software definition or software type (acquired or custom). The Lines of Inquiry associated with the CRAD should be customized to fit the DOE approved graded approach and ASME NQA-1-2000 or a standard with an equivalent level of SQA requirements approved by DOE. Since the graded approach and standard(s) approved can vary from site-to-site, there is no single set of Lines of Inquiry that could be developed that would be applicable to all sites.

140

Considering Time in LCA: Dynamic LCA and Its Application to Global Warming Impact Assessments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The lack of temporal information is an important limitation of life cycle assessment (LCA). A dynamic LCA approach is proposed to improve the accuracy of LCA by addressing the inconsistency of temporal assessment. This approach consists of first computing ...

Annie Levasseur; Pascal Lesage; Manuele Margni; Louise Deschênes; Réjean Samson

2010-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The impacts of climate change across the globe: A multi-sectoral assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The overall global-scale consequences of climate change are dependent on the distribution of impacts across regions, and there are multiple dimensions to these impacts. This paper presents a global assessment ...

N. W. Arnell; S. Brown; S. N. Gosling; P. Gottschalk; J. Hinkel…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT / FINAL REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW / INITIAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT / FINAL REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW / INITIAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ..............................................................................................16 2 REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW ANALYSIS for Amendment 83 to the Fishery Management Plan for Groundfish of the Gulf of Alaska ALLOCATION

143

Assess Potential Agency Size Changes that Impact Greenhouse Gases from  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Employee Commuting Employee Commuting Assess Potential Agency Size Changes that Impact Greenhouse Gases from Employee Commuting October 7, 2013 - 1:42pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 1 For employee commuting, it is important to account for any planned or expected changes in a Federal agency's size when estimating the greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction potential for different operating units or worksites. Considerations include: Are employment levels expected to change in the next decade at specific facilities or agency-wide? Are there any planned facility moves at major worksites? Employee commute coordinators may want to engage human resources and strategic planners in this effort to establish likely changes in employment numbers. Facility planners may be engaged to understand changes in commutes

144

The Environmental Style: Writing Environmental Assessments And Impact Statements  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

STYLE STYLE WRITING ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS AND IMPACT STATEMENTS R.P. Detwiler NNSA Office of General Counsel October 2005 In his introduction to William Strunk's classic on writing, The Elements of Style, E. B. White described the plight of those who read many of our NEPA documents: Will [Strunk] felt that the reader was in serious trouble most of the time, a man foundering in a swamp, and that it was the duty of anyone attempting to write English to drain this swamp quickly and get this man on dry ground, or at least throw him a rope. In revising text, I have tried to hold steadily in mind a belief of his, this concern for the bewildered reader. The Department and its contractors need to hold in their minds the women and men - decision makers, citizens, regulators and judges - who slog through our environmental

145

High efficiency motor program impact assessment: Load analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Incentive programs that encourage customers to purchase new or replacement high efficiency motors (HEM) are an element of many utilities DSM efforts. Such a program has been in place at Ontario Hydro since late 1989. The program was expected to rebate up to 800,000 HP over its five year duration. This paper reports on the results of a recently completed load analysis study to assess the load impacts of the program. The findings are based on field metering of integral HP, three-phase induction motors up to 500HP in size, at thirty industrial sites. Using a database of manufacturers`reported effiiencies, loadings and operating times for each of 181 standard and high efficiency motors are estimated. The results will be used as part of program impact evaluation. They indicate lower motor loadings and longer operating hours than had been assumed for interim evaluation. The paper provides detailed estimates of loading by HP group, industrial segment, and end-use. Issues in sample design, field metering and extrapolation to the rebated motor population are also discussed.

Whiting, R. Sr.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

146

Preliminary Assessment of the Impact of 2014 Seismic Study on WTP Design  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Preliminary Assessment of the Impact of 2014 Seismic Study on WTP Design Carl Costantino, Consultant to DOE Raman Venkata, DOE-WTP-WED,Richland,WA Farhang Ostadan, BNI

147

Text Alternative Version: Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED Lighting Products  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Below is the text-alternative version of the "Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED Lighting Products" webcast, held March 28, 2013.

148

Assessing resilience of water supply systems under the impacts of climate change.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This project was a step forward in developing the scientific basis for a methodology to assess the resilience of water supply systems under the impacts… (more)

Jofreh, Venus

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing cumulative impact Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Act, (CEPA), Canadian... -researched student summaries in class. Text: Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment, Bram Noble, 2006... . Read text chapters 1-2 Jan 16 a)...

150

Recommendations for the Preparation of Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements, Second Edition  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Recommendations Recommendations for the Preparation of Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements Second Edition December 2004 U.S. Department of Energy Environment, Safety and Health Office of NEPA Policy and Compliance Recommendations for the Preparation of Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements Second Edition December 2004 U.S. Department of Energy Environment, Safety and Health Office of NEPA Policy and Compliance printed on recycled paper Recommendations for the Preparation of Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements, Second Edition Preface This document provides recommendations for the Department of Energy's (DOE's) preparation of environmental assessments and environmental impact statements under the National Environmental

151

Assessment of California reformulated gasoline impact on vehicle fuel economy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fuel economy data contained in the 1996 California Air Resources Board (CAROB) report with respect to the introduction of California Reformulated Gasoline (CaRFG) has been examined and reanalyzed by two additional statistical methodologies. Additional data has also been analyzed by these two statistical approaches. Within the assumptions of the analysis, point estimates for the reduction in fuel economy using CaRFG as compared to conventional, non-reformulated gasoline were 2-4 %, with a 95% upper confidence bound of 6 %. Substantial variations in fuel economy are routine and inevitable due to additional factors which affect mileage, even if there is no change in fuel reformulation. This additional analysis confirms the conclusion reached by CAROB with respect to the impact of CaRFG on fuel economy.

Aceves, S.; Glaser, R.; Richardson, J.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Assessment of California reformulated gasoline impact on vehicle fuel economy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fuel economy data contained in the 1996 California Air Resources Board (CARB) report with respect to the introduction of California Reformulated Gasoline (CaRFG) has been examined and reanalyzed by two additional statistical methodologies. Additional data has also been analyzed by these two statistical approaches. Within the assumptions of the analysis, point estimates for the reduction in fuel economy using CaRFG as compared to conventional, non-reformulated gasoline were 2-4%, with a 95% upper confidence bound of 6%. Substantial variations in fuel economy are routine and inevitable due to additional factors which affect mileage, even if there is no change in fuel reformulation. This additional analysis confirms the conclusion reached by CARB with respect to the impact of CaRFG on fuel economy.

Aceves, S., LLNL

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

The role of Health Impact Assessment in the setting of air quality standards: An Australian perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The approaches used for setting or reviewing air quality standards vary from country to country. The purpose of this research was to consider the potential to improve decision-making through integration of HIA into the processes to review and set air quality standards used in Australia. To assess the value of HIA in this policy process, its strengths and weaknesses were evaluated aligned with review of international processes for setting air quality standards. Air quality standard setting programmes elsewhere have either used HIA or have amalgamated and incorporated factors normally found within HIA frameworks. They clearly demonstrate the value of a formalised HIA process for setting air quality standards in Australia. The following elements should be taken into consideration when using HIA in standard setting. (a) The adequacy of a mainly technical approach in current standard setting procedures to consider social determinants of health. (b) The importance of risk assessment criteria and information within the HIA process. The assessment of risk should consider equity, the distribution of variations in air quality in different locations and the potential impacts on health. (c) The uncertainties in extrapolating evidence from one population to another or to subpopulations, especially the more vulnerable, due to differing environmental factors and population variables. (d) The significance of communication with all potential stakeholders on issues associated with the management of air quality. In Australia there is also an opportunity for HIA to be used in conjunction with the NEPM to develop local air quality standard measures. The outcomes of this research indicated that the use of HIA for air quality standard setting at the national and local levels would prove advantageous. -- Highlights: • Health Impact Assessment framework has been applied to a policy development process. • HIA process was evaluated for application in air quality standard setting. • Advantages of HIA in the air quality standard setting process are demonstrated.

Spickett, Jeffery, E-mail: J.Spickett@curtin.edu.au [WHO Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Impact Assessment (Australia) [WHO Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Impact Assessment (Australia); Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia (Australia); Katscherian, Dianne [WHO Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Impact Assessment (Australia) [WHO Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Impact Assessment (Australia); Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia (Australia); Harris, Patrick [CHETRE — UNSW Research Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, University of New South Wales (Australia)] [CHETRE — UNSW Research Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, University of New South Wales (Australia)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

Socio-economic and climate change impacts on agriculture: an integrated assessment, 1990–2080  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...agriculture: an integrated assessment, 1990-2080 Gunther Fischer...NY, USA A comprehensive assessment of the impacts of climate...Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO...al. 1997). The Canadian Center for Climate Modelling and...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Treatment of biodiversity issues in impact assessment of electricity power transmission lines: A Finnish case review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process concerning the route of a 400 kV power transmission line between Loviisa and Hikiä in southern Finland was reviewed in order to assess how biodiversity issues are treated and to provide suggestions on how to improve the effectiveness of treatment of biodiversity issues in impact assessment of linear development projects. The review covered the whole assessment process, including interviews of stakeholders, participation in the interest group meetings and review of all documents from the project. The baseline studies and assessment of direct impacts in the case study were detailed but the documentation, both the assessment programme and the assessment report, only gave a partial picture of the assessment process. All existing information, baseline survey and assessment methods should be addressed in the scoping phase in order to promote interaction between all stakeholders. In contrast to the assessment of the direct effects, which first emphasized impacts on the nationally important and protected flying squirrel but later expanded to deal with the assessment of impacts on ecologically important sites, the indirect and cumulative impacts of the power line were poorly addressed. The public was given the opportunity to become involved in the EIA process. However, they were more concerned with impacts on their properties and less so on biodiversity and species protection issues. This suggests that the public needs to become more informed about locally important features of biodiversity.

Tarja Söderman

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Assessment of Algal Farm Designs using a Dynamic Modular Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The notion of renewable energy provides an importantmechanism for diversifying an energy portfolio,which ultimately would have numerous benefits including increased energy resilience, reduced reliance on foreign energysupplies, reduced GHG emissions, development of a green energy sector that contributes to economic growth,and providing a sustainable energy supply. The conversion of autotrophic algae to liquid transportation fuels is the basis of several decades of research to competitively bring energy-scale production into reality; however, many challenges still remain for making algal biofuels economically viable. Addressing current challenges associatedwith algal production systems, in part, requires the ability to assess spatial and temporal variability, rapidly evaluate alternative algal production system designs, and perform large-scale assessments considering multiple scenarios for thousands of potential sites. We introduce the development and application of the Algae Logistics Model (ALM) which is tailored to help address these challenges. The flexible nature of the ALM architecture allows the model to: 1) interface with external biomass production and resource assessment models, as well as other relevant datasets including those with spatiotemporal granularity; 2) interchange design processes to enable operational and economic assessments ofmultiple design configurations, including the integration of current and new innovative technologies; and 3) conduct trade-off analysis to help understand the site-specific techno-economic trade-offs and inform technology decisions. This study uses the ALM to investigate a baseline open-pond production system determined by model harmonization efforts conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy. Six sites in the U.S. southern-tierwere sub-selected and assessed using daily site-specific algaebiomass productivity data to determine the economic viability of large-scale open-pond systems. Results show that costs can vary significantly depending on location and biomass productivity and that integration of novel dewatering equipment, order of operations, and equipment scaling can also have significant impacts on economics.

Jared M. Abodeely; Daniel M. Stevens; Allison E. Ray; Deborah T. Newby; Andre M. Coleman; Kara G. Cafferty

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Assessment of Algal Farm Designs Using a Dynamic Modular Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The notion of renewable energy provides an important mechanism for diversifying an energy portfolio, which ultimately would have numerous benefits including increased energy resilience, reduction of foreign energy supplies, reduced GHG emissions, development of a green energy sector that contributes to economic growth, and providing a sustainable energy supply. The conversion of autotrophic algae to liquid transportation fuels is the basis of several decades of research to competitively bring energy-scale production into reality; however, many challenges still remain for making algal biofuels economically viable. Addressing current challenges associated with algal production systems, in part, requires the ability to assess spatial and temporal variability, rapidly evaluate alternative algal production system designs, and perform large-scale assessments considering multiple scenarios for thousands of potential sites. We introduce the Algae Logistics Model (ALM) which helps to address these challenges. The flexible nature of the ALM architecture allows the model to: 1) interface with external biomass production and resource assessment models, as well as other relevant datasets including those with spatiotemporal granularity; 2) interchange design processes to enable operational and economic assessments of multiple design configurations, including the integration of current and new innovative technologies; and 3) conduct trade-off analysis to help understand the site-specific techno-economic trade-offs and inform technology decisions. This study uses the ALM to investigate a baseline open-pond production system determined by model harmonization efforts conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy. Six sites in the U.S. southern-tier were sub-selected and assessed using daily site-specific algae biomass productivity data to determine the economic viability of large-scale open-pond systems. Results show that costs can vary significantly depending on location and biomass productivity and that integration of novel dewatering equipment, order of operations, and equipment scaling can also have significant impacts on economics.

Abodeely, Jared; Coleman, Andre M.; Stevens, Daniel M.; Ray, Allison E.; Cafferty, Kara G.; Newby, Deborah T.

2014-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

158

Manual for Social Impact Assessment of Land-Based Carbon Projects | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Manual for Social Impact Assessment of Land-Based Carbon Projects Manual for Social Impact Assessment of Land-Based Carbon Projects Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Manual for Social Impact Assessment of Land-Based Carbon Projects Agency/Company /Organization: Forest Trends, The Climate, Community and Biodiversity (CCB) Alliance, The Rainforest Alliance, Flora and Fauna International Partner: United Nations Development Programme, U.S. Agency for International Development Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture, Forestry Topics: Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual Complexity/Ease of Use: Simple Website: www.forest-trends.org/documents/files/doc_2436.pdf Cost: Free Manual for Social Impact Assessment of Land-Based Carbon Projects Screenshot References: Manual for Social Impact Assessment of Land-Based Carbon Projects[1]

159

An Inspector's Assessment of the New Model Safeguards Approach for Enrichment Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This conference paper assesses the changes that are being made to the Model Safeguards Approach for Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants.

Curtis, Michael M.

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

160

Groundwater impact assessment report for the 100-D Ponds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 183-D Water Treatment Facility (WTF) discharges effluent to the 120-0-1 Ponds (100-D Ponds) located north of the 100-D Area perimeter fence. This report satisfies one of the requirements of the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement) Milestone M-17-00B as agreed by the US Department of Energy, Washington State Department of Ecology, and the US Environmental Protection Agency. Tri-Party Agreement Milestone M-17-00B includes a requirement to assess impacts to groundwater from disposal of the 183-D WTF effluent to the 100-D Ponds. In addition, the 100-D Ponds are a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 treatment, storage, and disposal facility covered by the 100-D Ponds Closure Plan (DOE-RL 1993a). There is evidence of groundwater contamination, primarily nitrate, tritium, and chromium, in the unconfined aquifer beneath the 100-D Area and 100 Areas in general. The contaminant plumes are area wide and are a result of past-practice reactor and disposal operations in the 100-D Area currently being investigated as part of the 100-DR-1 and 100-HR-3 Operable Units (DOE-RL 1992b, 1992a). Based on current effluent conditions, continued operation of the 100-D Ponds will not adversely affect the groundwater quality in the 100-D Area. Monitoring wells near the pond have slightly higher alkaline pH values than wells in the rest of the area. Concentrations of known contaminants in these wells are lower than ambient 100-D Area groundwater conditions and exhibit a localized dilution effect associated with discharges to the pond. Hydraulic impact to the local groundwater system from these discharges is minor. The groundwater monitoring well network for the 100-D Ponds is adequate.

Alexander, D.J.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

An approach for assessing ALWR passive safety system reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many advanced light water reactor designs incorporate passive rather than active safety features for front-line accident response. A method for evaluating the reliability of these passive systems in the context of probabilistic risk assessment has been developed at Sandia National Laboratories. This method addresses both the component (e.g. valve) failure aspect of passive system failure, and uncertainties in system success criteria arising from uncertainties in the system's underlying physical processes. These processes provide the system's driving force; examples are natural circulation and gravity-induced injection. This paper describes the method, and provides some preliminary results of application of the approach to the Westinghouse AP600 design.

Hake, T M

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Accounting for Parameter Uncertainty in Reservoir Uncertainty Assessment: The Conditional Finite-Domain Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An important aim of modern geostatistical modeling is to quantify uncertainty in geological systems. Geostatistical modeling requires many input parameters. The input univariate distribution or histogram is perhaps the most important. A new method for assessing uncertainty in the histogram, particularly uncertainty in the mean, is presented. This method, referred to as the conditional finite-domain (CFD) approach, accounts for the size of the domain and the local conditioning data. It is a stochastic approach based on a multivariate Gaussian distribution. The CFD approach is shown to be convergent, design independent, and parameterization invariant. The performance of the CFD approach is illustrated in a case study focusing on the impact of the number of data and the range of correlation on the limiting uncertainty in the parameters. The spatial bootstrap method and CFD approach are compared. As the number of data increases, uncertainty in the sample mean decreases in both the spatial bootstrap and the CFD. Contrary to spatial bootstrap, uncertainty in the sample mean in the CFD approach decreases as the range of correlation increases. This is a direct result of the conditioning data being more correlated to unsampled locations in the finite domain. The sensitivity of the limiting uncertainty relative to the variogram and the variable limits are also discussed.

Babak, Olena, E-mail: obabak@ualberta.ca; Deutsch, Clayton V. [University of Alberta, Centre for Computational Geostatistics, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (Canada)], E-mail: cdeutsch@ualberta.ca

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Socio-economic and climate change impacts on agriculture: an integrated assessment, 19902080  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,b). A consensus has emerged that developing countries are more vulnerable to climate change than developedSocio-economic and climate change impacts on agriculture: an integrated assessment, 1990­2080 Gu University, NY, USA A comprehensive assessment of the impacts of climate change on agro-ecosystems over

164

Groundwater impact assessment for the 216-U-17 Crib, 200 West Area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As required by the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement milestone M-17-00A), this report assesses the impact to groundwater from discharge of process condensate to the ground at the 216-U-17 Crib. The assessment considers impacts associated with moisture movement through soil beneath the crib and the potential transport of contaminants to the groundwater.

Reidel, S.P.; Johnson, V.G.; Kline, N.W.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Socio-economic futures in climate change impact assessment: using scenarios as  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate impact assessment requires a clear picture of two intimately interrelated processes: socio #12;2 Abstract Climate impact assessment requires a clear picture of two intimately interrelated processes: socio-economic change and climate change. To date, future change in socio- economic systems has

Watson, Andrew

166

Challenges in using probabilistic climate change information for impact assessments: an example from the water sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...periods for the GCM grid box that covers...radiation and wind speed) with the...many previous impacts assessments...climate change impact on the flood regime...Barthelmie2005Climate change impacts on wind speeds and wind energy density in northern...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

(Environmental impact assessment as applied to policies, plans and programs)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A proposal to study the application of the principles of environmental impact assessment (EIA) to policy, plans, and programs was submitted by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the Senior Advisors on Environmental and Water Problems of the United Nations Economic Commission. On approval, EPA asked Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to support its efforts as lead participant on an international task force. ORNL is responsible for overall project management, including development of the report. At the first meeting in Geneva on June 18--19, there were representatives from Austria, Canada, Finland, Norway, Poland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. The administrative/legal setting for EIA in each country was reviewed. The objectives of the task force were defined, and issues related to the application of EIA at the policy level were discussed. At the second meeting, in addition to those countries represented at the first meeting the Commission of Economic Communities, Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, Remark, Federal Republic of Germany, Hungary, and The Netherlands were represented. A brief review was given by the new participants of legal/administrative requirements for EIA in their countries. Case studies were presented by Canada, Finland, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and the United States.

Sigal, L.L.

1990-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

168

The COSI Framework -Carbon Offsets with SD Impacts (COSI)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Choice of scale & approach (quantitative and/or qualitative assessment of impacts and processes are interrelated but possible to differentiate) #12;Scope of assessment · Direct vs indirect impacts: Impacts need

169

A Review of Quantitative Approaches to Intelligent Building Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper provides a review of the assessment methods of intelligent buildings (IBs). Based on a review of rating method currently used for building assessment, 6 rating systems for IB assessment are compared according to assessment clusters...

Chen, Z.; Clements-Croome, D. J.; Hong, J.; Li, H.; Xu, Q.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Comparative Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of passenger seats and their impact on different vehicle models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main purpose of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to date has been to evaluate life cycle impacts of different design solutions and materials for a car, its sub-systems and components. Considerable number of publications are available on LCA of automotive components. This research aims to extend the LCA approach by evaluating and comparing the effects of mass reduction of passenger seats for different vehicle models in order to provide strategic support for decision making in the development process and to validate the environmental benefits of design alternatives under investigation. For this purpose, the paper presents a comprehensive LCA of passenger seats with detailed consideration of alternative scenarios for the use phase for different vehicle models.

Aleksandar Subic; Francesco Schiavone; Martin Leary; Jack Manning

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

New Zealand-Climate Change Effects and Impacts Assessment | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zealand-Climate Change Effects and Impacts Assessment Zealand-Climate Change Effects and Impacts Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Change Effects and Impacts Assessment: A Guidance Manual for Local Government in New Zealand Agency/Company /Organization New Zealand Ministry of the Environment Sector Energy, Climate Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.mfe.govt.nz/publica Country New Zealand Australia and New Zealand References Climate Change Effects and Impacts Assessment: A Guidance Manual for Local Government in New Zealand [1] "This Guidance Manual: provides projections of future climate change around New Zealand compares these projections with present climate extremes and variations identifies potential effects on local government functions and

172

Environmental impact assessment of abnormal events: a follow-up study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Impact analyses included in environmental assessments for a selected nuclear power plant, petroleum storage facility, crude oil pipeline, and geopressure well that have experienced operational, abnormal events are compared with the data quantifying the environmental impacts of the events. Comparisons of predicted vs actual impacts suggests that prediction of the types of events and associated impacts could be improved; in some instances, impacts have been underestimated. Analysis of abnormal events is especially important in environmental assessment documents addressing a technology that is novel or unique to a particular area. Incorporation of abnormal event impact analysis into project environmental monitoring and emergency response plans can help improve these plans and can help reduce the magnitude of environmental impacts resulting from said events.

Hunsaker, D.B. Jr.; Lee, D.W.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Status Chart  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

September 23, 2009 September 23, 2009 EIS-0407: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Abengoa Biorefinery Project near Hugoton, Stevens County, Kansas September 21, 2009 EIS-0435: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement and Conduct a Scoping Meeting Modification of the Groton Generation Station Interconnection Agreement, Brown County, South Dakota September 15, 2009 EIS-0434: Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement and to Conduct Scoping Meetings Hualapai Valley Solar Interconnection Project in Mohave County, Arizona July 30, 2009 EIS-0425: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Bonneville Power Administration Mid-Columbia Coho Restoration Project, Chelan and Okanogan Counties, WA

174

Assessment of Energy Impact of Window Technologies for Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.2 quads. Future window technologies offer energy savingsImpact of Window Technologies for Commercial BuildingsEnvironmental Energy Technologies Division October 2009 This

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Assess Potential Agency Size Changes that Impact Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Federal agencies should establish planned changes in operations that could have a substantial impact on emissions for each greenhouse gas (GHG) emission source.

176

Assessing Impact of Biofuel Production on Regional Water Resource...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Wu, ANL, 81512 webinar presentation on the environmental impacts attributable to wastewater from biofuels production. wuwebinar.pdf More Documents & Publications Breaking the...

177

Geographically Differentiated Life-cycle Impact Assessment of Human Health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

economic allocation of less than 1% of the impacts from the coal-economic allocation should be used to allocate part of the impacts of the coal-economic system associated with fly ash should be set up in a way that will avoid any incentive to increase the coal-

Humbert, Sebastien

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Simplified Approach for Estimating Impacts of Electricity Generation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integrated Model to Access the Global Environment Simple Interactive Models for better air quality (SIM-air) ... further results SIMPACTS is a user-friendly, simplified approach...

179

Cumulative impact assessments and bird/wind farm interactions: Developing a conceptual framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The wind power industry has grown rapidly in the UK to meet EU targets of sourcing 20% of energy from renewable sources by 2020. Although wind power is a renewable energy source, there are environmental concerns over increasing numbers of wind farm proposals and associated cumulative impacts. Individually, a wind farm, or indeed any action, may have minor effects on the environment, but collectively these may be significant, potentially greater than the sum of the individual parts acting alone. EU and UK legislation requires a cumulative impact assessment (CIA) as part of Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA). However, in the absence of detailed guidance and definitions, such assessments within EIA are rarely adequate, restricting the acquisition of basic knowledge about the cumulative impacts of wind farms on bird populations. Here we propose a conceptual framework to promote transparency in CIA through the explicit definition of impacts, actions and scales within an assessment. Our framework requires improved legislative guidance on the actions to include in assessments, and advice on the appropriate baselines against which to assess impacts. Cumulative impacts are currently considered on restricted scales (spatial and temporal) relating to individual development EIAs. We propose that benefits would be gained from elevating CIA to a strategic level, as a component of spatially explicit planning.

Masden, Elizabeth A., E-mail: e.masden.1@research.gla.ac.u [Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom) and Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom); Fox, Anthony D., E-mail: tfo@dmu.d [Department of Wildlife Ecology and Biodiversity, National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus, Kalo, Grenavej 14, 8410 Ronde (Denmark); Furness, Robert W., E-mail: r.furness@bio.gla.ac.u [Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom); Bullman, Rhys, E-mail: rhys.bullman@rpsgroup.co [Scottish Natural Heritage, The Beta Centre, Innovation Park, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4NF (United Kingdom); Haydon, Daniel T., E-mail: d.haydon@bio.gla.ac.u [Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom); Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Status Chart  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

November 8, 2007 November 8, 2007 EIS-0382: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Mesaba Energy Project, Itasca, Minnesota October 17, 2007 EIS-0402: Advance Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Remediation of Area IV of the Santa Susana Field Laboratory August 10, 2007 EIS-0400: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO July 23, 2007 EIS-0375: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Disposal of Greater-Than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste August 31, 2006 EIS-0380: Notice to Extend Comment Period on the Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement Continued Operation of Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Status Chart  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

June 3, 2011 June 3, 2011 EIS-0435: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Groton Generation Station Interconnection Agreement, Brown County, South Dakota May 23, 2011 EIS-0460: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement FutureGen 2.0 Project, Morgan County, Illinois May 20, 2011 EIS-0471: Final Environmental Impact Statement Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility in Bonneville County, Idaho May 20, 2011 EIS-0471: Notice of Adoption of an Environmental Impact Statement Eagle Rock Enrichment Facility in Bonneville County, Idaho May 20, 2011 EIS-0468: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement American Centrifuge Plant, Piketon, OH April 29, 2011 EIS-0350-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental

182

Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments Status Chart  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

January 12, 2011 January 12, 2011 EIS-0407: Record of Decision Abengoa Biorefinery Project Near Hugoton, Stevens County, Kansas January 4, 2011 EIS-0450: Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement TransWest Express 600 kV Direct Current Transmission Project in Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada December 17, 2010 EIS-0455: Notice of Adoption of an Environmental Impact Statement Genesis Solar Energy Project, Riverside County, CA December 17, 2010 EIS-0403: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States December 14, 2010 EIS-0459: Notice of Intent to Prepare a Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Hawai'i Interisland Renewable Energy Program December 10, 2010 EIS-0421: Draft Environmental Impact Statement

183

An Assessment Of The External Radiological Impact In Areas Of Greece With  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessment Of The External Radiological Impact In Areas Of Greece With Assessment Of The External Radiological Impact In Areas Of Greece With Elevated Natural Radioactivity Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Assessment Of The External Radiological Impact In Areas Of Greece With Elevated Natural Radioactivity Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: In the present study, the radiological impact assessment in three selected areas of elevated natural radioactivity in Greece is attempted, based on measurements, theoretical relations, and simple model application. These areas are Milos - an island of volcanic origin in Cyclades Archipelago, Ikaria - an island in the Eastern Aegean Sea and Loutraki - a coastal area in mainland Greece. These areas are characterized by their

184

Assessing environmental impacts of offshore wind farms: lessons learned and recommendations for the future  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Offshore wind power provides a valuable source of renewable ... literature and our experience with assessing impacts of offshore wind developments on marine mammals and seabirds, and ... for future monitoring and...

Helen Bailey; Kate L Brookes; Paul M Thompson

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Social impact assessment of regional plans: a review of methods and issues and a recommended process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Social impact assessment (SIA) is defined and related to other policy analysis techniques. Conceptual problems in conducting SIA are reviewed. Various SIA methods are identified and evaluated for their probable e...

James C. Cramer; Thomas Dietz; Robert A. Johnston

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

The role of Life Cycle Assessment in identifying and reducing environmental impacts of CCS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M, Deschênes L, Samson R. 2010. Considering time in LCA:Dynamic LCA and its application to global warming impactLife Cycle Assessment (LCA) should be used to assist carbon

Sathre, Roger

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Development of techniques for rapidly assessing the local air quality impacts of airports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The combustion of fossil fuels for aviation activity harms air quality and human health near airports through the production of PM2.5. Currently, dispersion models can assess these local-scale (distances ~10 km) impacts, ...

Lee, Gideon (Gideon Luther)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

ASSESSING REGIONAL CLIMATE AND LOCAL LANDCOVER IMPACTS ON VEGETATION WITH REMOTE SENSING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Landcover change alters not only the surface landscape but also regional carbon and water cycling. The objective of this study was to assess the potential impacts of landcover change across the Kansas River Basin (KRB) by ...

Lin, Pei-Ling

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

189

Life cycle assessment of UK pig production systems: the impact of dietary protein source   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was developed to evaluate the environmental impacts of producing 1 kg pig live weight. A comparison was made between dietary protein sources, i.e. imported soybean meal with the UK protein ...

Stephen, Katie Louise

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

190

Valuing Climate Impacts in Integrated Assessment Models: The MIT IGSM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a strategy for investigating the impacts of climate change on Earth’s physical, biological and human resources and links to their socio-economic consequences. The features of the integrated global system framework ...

Reilly, John

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

191

Economic Damages from Climate Change: An Assessment of Market Impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

damage induced by sea level rise in the United States. InImpacts on Water Sea Level Rise Temperature-Related Extremewater supply and sea level rise and the costs of adjustment

Hanemann, W Michael; Dale, Larry

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Quantifying the Total Environmental Impacts of an Industrial Symbiosis - a Comparison of Process-, Hybrid and Input?Output Life Cycle Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, we compared process, hybrid and input?output life cycle assessment (LCA) approaches in quantifying the overall environmental impacts of a forest industrial symbiosis, situated in Kymenlaakso, Finland. ... Starch is a product of the grain milling industry, which has embodied pesticide emissions from agriculture. ...

Tuomas J. Mattila; Suvi Pakarinen; Laura Sokka

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

193

Transportation risk assessment for the US Department of Energy Environmental Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In its Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS), the Office of Environmental Management (EM) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) is considering a broad range of alternatives for the future management of radioactive and hazardous waste at the facilities of the DOE complex. The alternatives involve facilities to be used for treatment, storage, and disposal of various wastes generated from DOE`s environmental restoration activities and waste management operation. Included in the evaluation are six types of waste (five types of radioactive waste plus hazardous waste), 49 sites, and numerous cases associated with each different alternative for waste management. In general, the alternatives are evaluated independently for each type of waste and reflect decentralized, regionalized, and centralized approaches. Transportation of waste materials is an integral component of the EM PEIS alternatives for waste management. The estimated impact on human health that is associated with various waste transportation activities is an important element leading to a complete appraisal of the alternatives. The transportation risk assessment performed for the EM PEIS is designed to ensure -- through uniform and judicious selection of models, data, and assumptions -- that relative comparisons of risk among the various alternatives are meaningful and consistent.

Chen, S.Y.; Monette, F.A.; Biwer, B.M.; Lazaro, M.A.; Hartmann, H.M.; Policastro, A.J.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

An assessment of governmental wind power programmes in Sweden—using a systems approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to assess the effects, the cost efficiency, and the goal achievement of policy instruments aimed for the development and deployment of wind power in Sweden during the period 1975 to 2000. The paper presents an empirical example of a socio-technical system-based approach for impact assessment, in which changes in the wind power system are described and analysed with respect to technology development, cost development and actors’ involvement. The results show that the policy instruments were not designed to have a broad, system-oriented perspective but targeted and included restricted technology concepts—i.e. large, two-bladed turbines—and limited involvement of actors. The assessment shows that early inflexible steering of technology and market development, together with a lack of comprehensive, long-term strategy, lack of continuity in policy interventions and weak combinations of policy programmes and measures have contributed to a very limited wind power development in Sweden. A rough cost efficiency analysis reveals that Sweden has much less wind power installed in relation to expenditures on various support than Germany and Spain. The Swedish policy instruments did, however, achieve the Government's goals to increase wind energy production.

K. Åstrand; L. Neij

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

A statistical approach to assess measurement reliability of functional DOT for brain imaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A statistical approach, based on six forms of the intraclass correlation coefficient, is reviewed, interpreted, and used to assess measurement reliability of functional DOT for brain...

LI, LIN; Zeng, Li; Cazzell, Mary A; Liu, Hanli

196

Planning for Hazards and Climate Change Impacts: One County's Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sustainable, livable community. #12;Getting Started Finding ways to get the county to focus on climate change and information into ongoing assessment and planning processes. Another challenge: figuring out where it makes organizations and administrative processes. To meet this issue head-on, Miami-Dade thought it best to focus all

197

Validating health impact assessment: Prediction is difficult (especially about the future)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Health impact assessment (HIA) has been recommended as a means of estimating how policies, programmes and projects may impact on public health and on health inequalities. This paper considers the difference between predicting health impacts and measuring those impacts. It draws upon a case study of the building of a new hypermarket in a deprived area of Glasgow, which offered an opportunity to reflect on the issue of the predictive validity of HIA, and to consider the difference between potential and actual impacts. We found that the actual impacts of the new hypermarket on diet differed from that which would have been predicted based on previous studies. Furthermore, they challenge current received wisdom about the impact of food retail outlets in poorer areas. These results are relevant to the validity of HIA as a process and emphasise the importance of further research on the predictive validity of HIA, which should help improve its value to decision-makers.

Petticrew, Mark [MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, G12 8RZ (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: mark@msoc.mrc.gla.ac.uk; Cummins, Steven [Department of Geography, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London, E1 4NS (United Kingdom); Sparks, Leigh [Institute for Retail Studies, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA (United Kingdom); Findlay, Anne [Institute for Retail Studies, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA (United Kingdom)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

Life Cycle Assessment to Evaluate the Environmental Impact of Biochar Implementation in Conservation Agriculture in Zambia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life Cycle Assessment to Evaluate the Environmental Impact of Biochar Implementation in Conservation Agriculture in Zambia ... This paper applies life cycle assessment (LCA) on agricultural biochar use in sub-Saharan Africa, perhaps one of the most feasible areas for biochar as a means of climate change mitigation and adaptation. ...

Magnus Sparrevik; John L. Field; Vegard Martinsen; Gijs D. Breedveld; Gerard Cornelissen

2012-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

199

Reducing Onshore Natural Gas and Oil Exploration and Production Impacts Using a Broad-Based Stakeholder Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Never before has the reduction of oil and gas exploration and production impacts been as important as it is today for operators, regulators, non-governmental organizations and individual landowners. Collectively, these stakeholders are keenly interested in the potential benefits from implementing effective environmental impact reducing technologies and practices. This research project strived to gain input and insight from such a broad array of stakeholders in order to identify approaches with the potential to satisfy their diverse objectives. The research team examined three of the most vital issue categories facing onshore domestic production today: (1) surface damages including development in urbanized areas, (2) impacts to wildlife (specifically greater sage grouse), and (3) air pollution, including its potential contribution to global climate change. The result of the research project is a LINGO (Low Impact Natural Gas and Oil) handbook outlining approaches aimed at avoiding, minimizing, or mitigating environmental impacts. The handbook identifies technical solutions and approaches which can be implemented in a practical and feasible manner to simultaneously achieve a legitimate balance between environmental protection and fluid mineral development. It is anticipated that the results of this research will facilitate informed planning and decision making by management agencies as well as producers of oil and natural gas. In 2008, a supplemental task was added for the researchers to undertake a 'Basin Initiative Study' that examines undeveloped and/or underdeveloped oil and natural gas resources on a regional or geologic basin scope to stimulate more widespread awareness and development of domestic resources. Researchers assessed multi-state basins (or plays), exploring state initiatives, state-industry partnerships and developing strategies to increase U.S. oil and gas supplies while accomplishing regional economic and environmental goals.

Amy Childers

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

200

DOE issues Finding of No Significant Impact on Environmental Assessment for  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

issues Finding of No Significant Impact on Environmental issues Finding of No Significant Impact on Environmental Assessment for Replacement Capability for Disposal of Remote-Handled Low Level Radioactive Waste Generated at Idaho Site DOE issues Finding of No Significant Impact on Environmental Assessment for Replacement Capability for Disposal of Remote-Handled Low Level Radioactive Waste Generated at Idaho Site December 21, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Tim Jackson 208-526-8484 Idaho Falls, ID - After completing a careful assessment, the U.S. Department of Energy has determined that building a new facility at its Idaho National Laboratory site for continued disposal of remote-handled low level radioactive waste generated by operations at the site will not have a significant impact on the environment. "A new disposal facility at INL for this type of waste will be built in a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Economic Assessment and Impacts Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles on Electric Utilities And Regional U.S. Power Grids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Part 2 provides an economic assessment of the impacts of PHEV adoption on vehicle owners and on electric utilities. The paper finds favorable impacts on LCC to vehicle owners, and average costs of power for both types of utilities.

Scott, Michael J.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Elliott, Douglas B.; Warwick, William M.

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

202

Economic Assessment And Impacts Assessment Of Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles On Electric Utilities And Regional U.S. Power Grids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Part 2 provides an economic assessment of the impacts of PHEV adoption on vehicle owners and on electric utilities. The paper finds favorable impacts on LCC to vehicle owners, and average costs of power for both types of utilities.

Scott, Michael J.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Elliott, Douglas B.; Warwick, William M.

2007-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

203

Negotiating river ecosystems: Impact assessment and conflict mediation in the cases of hydro-power construction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss how the legitimacy of the impact assessment process is a key issue in conflict mediation in environmental impact assessment. We contrast two EIA cases in hydro-power generation plans made for the Ii River, Finland in different decades, and evaluate how impact assessment in these cases has contributed to the creation, mediation and resolution of conflicts. We focus on the elements of distributional and procedural justice that made the former EIA process more legitimate and consensual and the latter more conflictual. The results indicate that it is crucial for conflict mediation to include all the values and interests of the parties in the goal-setting process and in the definition and assessment of alternatives. The analysis also indicates that procedural justice is the most important to help the people and groups involved to accept the legitimacy of the impact assessment process: how different parties and their values and interests are recognized, and how participation and distribution of power are organized in an impact assessment process. It is confirmed in this article that SIA may act as a mediator or a forum providing a process through which competing knowledge claims, various values and interests can be discussed and linked to the proposed alternatives and interventions.

Karjalainen, Timo P., E-mail: timopauli.karjalainen@oulu.f [Thule Institute, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 7300, FI-90014 University of Oulu (Finland); Jaervikoski, Timo, E-mail: timo.jarvikoski@oulu.f [Unit of Sociology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 2000, FI-90014 University of Oulu (Finland)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

204

EI04~ PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: INL PeopleSoft Human Resource  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EI04~ PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: INL PeopleSoft - Human Resource System PIA Template Version 3 - May, 2009 Department of Energy Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Guidance is provided in the template. See DOE Order 206.1, Department of Energy Privacy Program, Appendix A, Privacy Impact Assessments, for requirements and additional guidance for conducting a PIA: http://www.directives.doe.gov/pdfs/doe/doetextlneword/206/o2061.pdf Please complete electronically: no hand-written submissions will be accepted. This template may not be modified. MODULE 1- PRIVACY NEEDS ASSESSMENT June 11, 2009 oep"rtrnental Element &Site Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Building Number: REC 608 Building Name: IORC Name 'of Infonnatlon System, or IT Project INL PeopleSoft - Human Resource System exhibit ProJect UID 157044 NewPIA D Update ~ _____ i DOE PIA - Peoplesoft Final.doc

205

ASSESSING CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION WITH A HYBRID ENERGY-ECONOMY APPROACH FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASSESSING CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION WITH A HYBRID ENERGY-ECONOMY APPROACH FOR AFRICA, THE MIDDLE Management Title of Thesis: Assessing Climate Change Mitigation with a Hybrid Energy-Economy Approach create a hybrid energy-economy model for developing countries in Africa, the Middle East and Latin

206

Assessing the Radiative Impact of Clouds of Low Optical Depth  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Radiative Impact of Clouds of the Radiative Impact of Clouds of Low Optical Depth W. O'Hirok and P. Ricchiazzi Institute for Computational Earth System Science University of California Santa Barbara, California C. Gautier Department of Geography and Institute for Computational Earth System Science University of California Santa Barbara, California Introduction Analysis from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) reveals that the global mean cloud optical depth is surprisingly low (i.e., Ï„ = 3.8). While this value is probably dominated by extensive fields of cirrus, the average for liquid water clouds is also likely smaller than expected. It is in this regime (Ï„ <10) where remote measurements of cloud optical thickness or liquid water path (LWP)

207

Visual impact assessment of offshore wind farms and prior experience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy planners have shifted their attention towards offshore wind power generation and the decision is supported by the public in general, which in the literature has a positive attitude towards offshore wind generation. However, globally only a few offshore wind farms are operating. As more wind farms start operating and more people become experienced with especially the visual impacts from offshore wind farms, the public positive attitude could change if the experienced impacts are different from the initially perceived visual interference. Using a binary logit model, the present paper investigates the relation between different levels of prior experience with visual disamenities from offshore wind farms and perception of visual impacts from offshore wind farms. The differences in prior experience are systematically controlled for sampling respondents living in the areas close to the large scale offshore wind farms Nysted and Horns Rev and by sampling the a group of respondents representing the Danish population, which has little experience with offshore wind farms. Compared to previous results in the literature, the present paper finds that perception of wind power generation is influenced by prior experience. More specifically, the results show that people with experience from offshore wind farms located far from the coast have a significant more positive perception of the visual impacts from offshore wind farms than people with experience from wind farms located closer to the coast. These results are noteworthy on two levels. First of all, the results show that perceptions of offshore wind generation are systematically significantly influenced by prior experience with offshore wind farms. Secondly, and in a policy context, the results indicate that the future acceptance of future offshore wind farms is not independent of the location of existing and new offshore wind farms. This poses for caution in relation to locating offshore wind farms too close to the coast.

Jacob Ladenburg

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

OBJECTIVE QUALITY ASSESSMENT FOR IMAGE SUPER-RESOLUTION: A NATURAL SCENE STATISTICS APPROACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OBJECTIVE QUALITY ASSESSMENT FOR IMAGE SUPER-RESOLUTION: A NATURAL SCENE STATISTICS APPROACH assessment methods are useful and reliable, but are expensive, time-consuming, and difficult to be embedded attempts to de- velop an objective quality assessment method of a given resolution- enhanced image using

Wang, Zhou

209

A residence-time-based transport approach for the groundwater pathway in performance assessment models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the theoretical development and numerical implementation of a new modeling approach for representing the groundwater pathway in risk assessment or performance assessment model of a contaminant transport system. The model developed ... Keywords: Groundwater pathway, Mixing model, Performance assessment, Residence time distribution

Bruce A. Robinson; Shaoping Chu

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

JC3 High Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

October 17, 2012 October 17, 2012 V-004: Oracle Critical Patch Update Advisory - October 2012 October 2012 Critical Patch Update, security vulnerability fixes for proprietary components of Oracle Linux will be announced in Oracle Critical Patch Updates. October 16, 2012 V-003: Suse Update For Mozillafirefox - Critical An update that fixes 25 vulnerabilities is now available. October 12, 2012 V-001: Mozilla Security vulnerabilities Mozilla Firefox / Thunderbird / SeaMonkey Multiple Vulnerabilities October 10, 2012 U-278: Microsoft Security Bulletin Advance Notification for October 2012 Microsoft Security Bulletin Advance Notification for October 2012. Microsoft has posted 1 Critical Bulletins and 6 Important Bulletins. Bulletins with the Maximum Severity Rating and Vulnerability Impact of

211

POLICY ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH USING SIMULATION TO ASSESS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines the relationship between simulation-based science and judicial assessments of simulations or models supporting evaluations of environmental harms or risks, considering both how it exists currently and how it might be shaped in the future. This report considers the legal standards relevant to judicial assessments of simulation-based science and provides examples of the judicial application of those legal standards. Next, this report discusses the factors that inform whether there is a correlation between the sophistication of a challenged simulation and judicial support for that simulation. Finally, this report examines legal analysis of the broader issues that must be addressed for simulation-based science to be better understood and utilized in the context of judicial challenge and evaluation. !

Uchitel, Kirsten; Tanana, Heather

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Dosimetric and epidemiological approaches to assessing radon doses?can the differences be reconciled?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......reconcile the two approaches. This is of importance...INTRODUCTION The management of the risk of...based on one of two approaches. The first uses...National Academy of Sciences and National Research...Amsterdam: Elsevier Science) (2003). Dosimetric...epidemiological approaches to assessing radon......

John W. Stather

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Preliminary study assesses potential impact of seismic event at Los Alamos  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Preliminary study assesses potential impact of seismic event at Los Preliminary study assesses potential impact of seismic event at Los Alamos Preliminary study assesses potential impact of seismic event at Los Alamos New or proposed facilities are designed to meet the latest seismic response criteria. April 15, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

214

Ground water impact assessment report for the 216-B-3 Pond system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ground water impact assessments were required for a number of liquid effluent receiving sites according to the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order Milestones M-17-00A and M-17-00B, as agreed upon by the US Department of Energy. This report is one of the last three assessments required and addresses the impact of continued discharge of uncontaminated wastewater to the 216-B-3C expansion lobe of the B Pond system in the 200 East Area until June 1997. Evaluation of past and projected effluent volumes and composition, geohydrology of the receiving site, and contaminant plume distribution patterns, combined with ground water modeling, were used to assess both changes in ground water flow regime and contaminant-related impacts.

Johnson, V.G.; Law, A.G.; Reidel, S.P.; Evelo, S.D.; Barnett, D.B.; Sweeney, M.D.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

JC3 High Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

September 13, 2012 September 13, 2012 U-259: RSA BSAFE SSL-C Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic and SSL Buffer Overflow Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code RSA BSAFE SSL-C Multiple Vulnerabilities September 12, 2012 U-258: Adobe Flash Player Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system. September 11, 2012 U-256: Microsoft Security Bulletin Advance Notification for September 2012 Microsoft Security Bulletin Advance Notification for September 2012. Microsoft has posted 0 Critical Bulletins and 2 Important Bulletins. Bulletins with the Maximum Severity Rating and Vulnerability Impact of "Critical" may allow remote execution of code. Microsoft is hosting a webcast to address customer questions on these bulletins on September 12,

216

JC3 Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

February 24, 2011 February 24, 2011 T-564: Vulnerabilities in Citrix Licensing administration components The vulnerabilities impact all current versions of the Citrix Licensing Administration Console, formerly known as the License Management Console. February 23, 2011 T-563: Red Hat Directory Server Bugs Let Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges and Remote and Local Users Deny Service Several vulnerabilities were reported in Red Hat Directory Server. A local user can obtain elevated privileges on the target system. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions. A local user can cause denial of service conditions. February 22, 2011 T-562: Novell ZENworks Configuration Management novell-tftp.exe Buffer Overflow A vulnerability has been reported in Novell ZENworks Configuration

217

JC3 High Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

July 10, 2012 July 10, 2012 U-209: Microsoft Security Bulletin Advance Notification for July 2012 Microsoft Security Bulletin Advance Notification for July 2012. Microsoft has posted 3 Critical Bulletins and 6 Important Bulletins. Bulletins with the Maximum Severity Rating and Vulnerability Impact of "Critical" may allow remote execution of code. Microsoft is hosting a webcast to address customer questions on these bulletins on July 11, 2012, at 11:00 AM Pacific Time (US & Canada). July 10, 2012 U-208: HP Operations Agent Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code Two vulnerabilities were reported in HP Operations Agent. A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system July 2, 2012 U-203: HP Photosmart Bug Lets Remote Users Deny Service A vulnerability was reported in HP Photosmart. A remote user can cause

218

JC3 High Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

12, 2011 12, 2011 U-058: Apache Struts Conversion Error OGNL Expression Injection Vulnerability Apache Struts Conversion Error OGNL Expression Injection Vulnerability. December 9, 2011 U-057: Microsoft Security Bulletin Advance Notification for December 2011 Microsoft Security Bulletin Advance Notification for December 2011. Microsoft has posted 3 Critical Bulletins and 11 Important bulletins. Bulletins with the Maximum Severity Rating and Vulnerability Impact of "Critical" may allow propagation of Internet worm without user action. Microsoft will host a webcast to address customer questions on the security bulletins on December 14, 2011, at 11:00 AM Pacific Time (US & Canada). December 8, 2011 U-055: Adobe Flash Player Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code

219

A stochastic approach to risk assessment of hazardous waste sites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A deterministic risk assessment model was evaluated for the variability in its input parameters, Information on these variables was gathered to characterize the variability. Statistical distributions were assigned to the variables based...

Arangath, Vishwanathan Vasu

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

An efficient Bayesian approach to history matching and uncertainty assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conditioning reservoir models to production data and assessment of uncertainty can be done by Bayesian theorem. This inverse problem can be computationally intensive, generally requiring orders of magnitude more computation time compared...

Yuan, Chengwu

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

10 - Assessing the environmental impact of conventional and ‘green’ cement production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: With the current focus on sustainability, it is necessary to evaluate cement’s environmental impact properly, especially when developing new ‘green’ concrete types. Therefore, this chapter investigates the available literature on every process involved during the production of cement and its alternatives. A detailed study of ordinary Portland cement’s environmental impacts is followed by an assessment of improvement potentials which can be achieved with the use of supplementary cementitious materials. Finally, the environmental impacts of alternative binders such as sulfoaluminate or magnesia cements as well as alkali activated binders are studied.

G. Habert

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Emerging approaches, challenges and opportunities in life cycle assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...on environmental benefits and costs before money is invested in new...Acidification impacts of hydro and nuclear are not shown because they were negligible...1021/es2030577 16 BSI, BS EN 15804:2012 + A1:2013 Sustainability...mass, fuel consumption and costs of energy conversion equipments...

Stefanie Hellweg; Llorenç Milà i Canals

2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

223

The Impact of Assessment Procedures and Need for Cognition on Fraud Risk Assessments .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Due to the increasing awareness of fraudulent financial reporting, auditors' responsibility to conduct quality fraud risk assessments has been raised by a current audit standard,… (more)

Trongmateerut, Pailin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Assessment of transportation risk for the U.S. Department of Energy Environmental Management programmatic environmental impact statement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In its Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS), the Office of Environmental Management (EM) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is considering a broad range of alternatives for the future management of radioactive and hazardous waste at the facilities of the DOE complex. The alternatives involve facilities to be used for treatment, storage, and disposal of various wastes generated from DOE environmental restoration activities and waste management operations. The evaluation includes five types of waste (four types of radioactive waste plus hazardous waste), 49 sites, and numerous cases associated with each alternative for waste management. In general, the alternatives are evaluated independently for each type of waste and reflect decentralized, regionalized, and centralized approaches. Transportation of waste materials is an integral component of the EM PEIS alternatives for waste management. The estimated impact on human health that is associated with various waste transportation activities is an important component of a complete appraisal of the alternatives. The transportation risk assessment performed for the EM PEIS is designed to ensure through uniform and judicious selection of models, data, and assumptions that relative comparisons of risk among the various alternatives are meaningful and consistent. Among other tasks, Argonne National Laboratory is providing technical assistance to the EM PEIS on transportation risk assessment. The objective is to perform a human health risk assessment for each type of waste relative to the EM PEIS alternatives for waste management. The transportation risk assessed is part of the overall impacts being analyzed for the EM PEIS to determine the safest, most environmentally and economically sound manner in which to satisfy requirements for waste management in the coming decades.

Chen, S.Y.; Monette, F.A.; Biwer, B.M.; Lazaro, M.A.; Hartmann, H.M.; Policastro, A.J.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

A Protocol for Lifetime Energy and Environmental Impact Assessment of Building Insulation Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes a proposed protocol that is intended to provide a comprehensive list of factors to be considered in evaluating the direct and indirect environmental impacts of building insulation materials, as well as detailed descriptions of standardized calculation methodologies to determine those impacts. The energy and environmental impacts of insulation materials can generally be divided into two categories: (1) direct impact due to the embodied energy of the insulation materials and other factors, and (2) indirect or environmental impacts avoided as a result of reduced building energy use due to addition of insulation. Standards and product category rules exist that provide guidelines about the life cycle assessment (LCA) of materials, including building insulation products. However, critical reviews have suggested that these standards fail to provide complete guidance to LCA studies and suffer from ambiguities regarding the determination of the environmental impacts of building insulation and other products. The focus of the assessment protocol described here is to identify all factors that contribute to the total energy and environmental impacts of different insulation products and, more importantly, provide standardized determination methods that will allow comparison of different insulation material types. Further, the intent is not to replace current LCA standards but to provide a well-defined, easy-to-use comparison method for insulation materials using existing LCA guidelines.

Shrestha, Som S [ORNL] [ORNL; Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL] [ORNL; Desjarlais, Andre Omer [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

A knowledge-driven approach to cluster validity assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......other APPLICATIONS NOTE Gene expression A knowledge-driven approach to cluster validity...cluster validity based on similarity knowledge extracted from the Gene Ontology. Availability...The automated integration of background knowledge is fundamental to support the generation......

Nadia Bolshakova; Francisco Azuaje; Pádraig Cunningham

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Privacy Impact Assessment Full Entry Name: Social Networking Use at NASA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Privacy Impact Assessment Full Entry Name: Social Networking Use at NASA NASA Center: NASA Headquarters Office/Mission Program/Project Supported: Public Affairs Office NASA Point of Contact: ROBERT JACOBS Phone Number: 202.358.1760 E-mail: bob.jacobs@nasa.gov #12;System Overview: National Aeronautics

Christian, Eric

228

Environmental Assessment/Regulatory Impact Review AMENDMENT 45 TO THE FISHERY MANAGEMENT PLAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Assessment/Regulatory Impact Review FOR AMENDMENT 45 TO THE FISHERY MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR GROUNDFISH OF THE GULF OF ALASKA AND THE ASSOCIATED REGULATORY AMENDMENT TO COMBINE THE THIRD AND FOURTH QUARTERLY POLLOCK ALLOWANCES IN THE WESTERN AND CENTRAL REGULATORY AREAS OF THE GULF OF ALASKA Prepared

229

Final Environmental Assessment/ Regulatory Impact Review/ Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis for Amendment 93 to the Fishery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Final Environmental Assessment/ Regulatory Impact Review/ Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Review/Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis analyzing proposed management measures that would apply for Amendment 93 to the Fishery Management Plan for Groundfish of the Gulf of Alaska Chinook Salmon Prohibited

230

Assessing the prospective environmental impacts of photovoltaic systems based on a simplified LCA model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessing the prospective environmental impacts of photovoltaic systems based on a simplified LCA cycle analysis (LCA). However, LCA requires the collection of a large amount of data and is thus time-consuming. Besides, LCA results found in the literature corresponding to the photovoltaic energy pathway show a large

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

231

Soil trampling in an Antarctic Specially Protected Area: tools to assess levels of human impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soil trampling in an Antarctic Specially Protected Area: tools to assess levels of human impact P. TEJEDO1 , A. JUSTEL2 , J. BENAYAS3 *, E. RICO3 , P. CONVEY4 and A. QUESADA5 1 School of Biology, IE recognized within the Antarctic Treaty by designating protected areas. Since 1991 three classes of protected

Justel Eusebio, Ana

232

A Method for Impact Assessment of Faults on the Performance of Field-Oriented Control Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, reliability of a motor drive can be explored via the emerging field of thermo- electrical analysis [3A Method for Impact Assessment of Faults on the Performance of Field-Oriented Control Drives Grainger Center for Electric Machinery and Electromechanics Department of Electrical and Computer

Liberzon, Daniel

233

Techno-Economic Assessment and Environmental Impact of Shale Gas Alternatives to Methanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Techno-Economic Assessment and Environmental Impact of Shale Gas Alternatives to Methanol ... Recent discoveries of shale gas reserves have promoted a renewed interest in gas-to-liquid technologies for the production of fuels and chemicals. ... In this work, an economic and environmental analysis for the production of methanol from shale gas is presented. ...

Laura M. Julián-Durán; Andrea P. Ortiz-Espinoza; Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi; Arturo Jiménez-Gutiérrez

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

234

Clark and Clegg 1 ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF UNITED KINGDOM FUEL PRICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clark and Clegg 1 ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF UNITED KINGDOM FUEL PRICE PROTEST ACTIONS IN THE CITY of dissatisfaction amongst the haulier and farming communities in Europe over the price of fuel was shown In early September 2000 protests about high levels of taxation on fuel took place in Europe. In the United

Clegg, Richard G.

235

A new approach to assess the positional accuracy of maps generated by GIS overlay operations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes a new approach to assess the positional accuracy of maps generated by overlaying multi-scale spatial data layers with different levels of positional accuracy. The existing techniques for as...

Liu Wenbao; Xia Zongguo; Dai Honglei

2002-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

236

A model-based fuzzy set-OWA approach for integrated air pollution risk assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a fuzzy set—ordered weighted averaging (FSOWA) approach for the integrated health risk assessment associated with multiple air pollution factors and evaluation criteria. A number of ... the sa...

Baozhen Wang; Zhi Chen

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

New Approach to Assess Volatile Contamination in Vadose Zone Provides Path  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Approach to Assess Volatile Contamination in Vadose Zone Approach to Assess Volatile Contamination in Vadose Zone Provides Path Forward for Site Closure New Approach to Assess Volatile Contamination in Vadose Zone Provides Path Forward for Site Closure April 24, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Conceptual site model for evaluating soil vapor extraction system performance to determine if the system should be optimized, terminated, or transitioned to another approach. Conceptual site model for evaluating soil vapor extraction system performance to determine if the system should be optimized, terminated, or transitioned to another approach. RICHLAND, Wash. and LOS ALAMOS, N.M. - Through the Deep Vadose Zone-Applied Field Research Initiative (DVZ-AFRI), scientists and engineers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation

238

Facility Representative Program Assessment Criteria, Review, and Approach Document (CRAD)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

STD-1063-2011 STD-1063-2011 Appendix B B-1 FACILITY REPRESENTATIVE PROGRAM ASSESSMENT GUIDE The DOE has implemented its FR Program, and is looking to continuously improve the program's effectiveness DOE-wide. An effective FR Program has many elements, as described in this Standard. These elements are intended to yield a program that provides DOE facilities with well-trained FRs who spend appropriate amounts of time in their facilities and can work effectively with their contractor management counterparts. The program, to be effective, needs the functional support of management. To maintain the continued support of DOE management, the FR program needs to demonstrate its continued performance and effectiveness, which is to be assessed periodically using

239

Risk Assessment of Engineered Nanomaterials: A Survey of Industrial Approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thus, voluntary industrial risk assessment initiatives can be considered vital to the environmental health and safety issues associated with engineered nanomaterials. ... However, given that NPM may cause harm (3-6) and that there are currently no regulations that take the specific properties of NPM into account, the responsibility for safe production and products is mostly left with industry. ... The prodn. of significant quantities of engineered nanomaterials will inevitably result in the introduction of these materials to the environment. ...

Aasgeir Helland; Martin Scheringer; Michael Siegrist; Hans G. Kastenholz; Arnim Wiek; Roland W. Scholz

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

240

FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE FUTURE LOCATION  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

30, 2002 DOEIEA-1438 . 30, 2002 DOEIEA-1438 . FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE FUTURE LOCATION OF HEAT SOURCEfRADIOISOTOPE POWER SYSTEM: ASSEMBLY AND TEST OPERATIONS CURRENTLY LOCATED AT THE MOUND SITE AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy ACTION: Finding of No Significant Impact SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (the Department) has completed an Environmental Assessment for the Future Location of the Reat SourcelRadioisotope Power System Assembly and Test Operations Currently Located at the Mound Site. Based on the analysis in the environmental assessment, the Department has determined that the proposed action, the relocation of the Department's heat source and radioisotope power system operations, does not constitute' a major Federal action significantly affecting the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A practical approach to the assessment of quality in use of corporate web sites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The paper presents a practical approach to web site quality, based on a novel perspective that considers the relationships between the web site and its stakeholders. This perspective leads to identify four fundamental concepts of quality: final quality, quality in use, basic quality and internal quality. This paper focuses on quality in use, and proposes a new quality model including a well structured and balanced set of characteristics and sub-characteristics, which aim at capturing the main dimensions that impact on the quality of a web site. The distinction between actual and expected quality is then introduced and a practical assessment methodology for expected quality (EQ-EVAL) is proposed, which employs expert evaluators instead of actual users in order to make the evaluation less expensive, without sacrificing, however, accuracy and reliability. The results of the application of the methodology in the evaluation of a sample set of corporate web sites are finally discussed, showing how the model and the methodology can indeed meet the stated requirements.

Daniela Fogli; Giovanni Guida

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Approach to proliferation risk assessment based on multiple objective analysis framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The approach to the assessment of proliferation risk using the methods of multi-criteria decision making and multi-objective optimization is presented. The approach allows the taking into account of the specifics features of the national nuclear infrastructure, and possible proliferation strategies (motivations, intentions, and capabilities). 3 examples of applying the approach are shown. First, the approach has been used to evaluate the attractiveness of HEU (high enriched uranium)production scenarios at a clandestine enrichment facility using centrifuge enrichment technology. Secondly, the approach has been applied to assess the attractiveness of scenarios for undeclared production of plutonium or HEU by theft of materials circulating in nuclear fuel cycle facilities and thermal reactors. Thirdly, the approach has been used to perform a comparative analysis of the structures of developing nuclear power systems based on different types of nuclear fuel cycles, the analysis being based on indicators of proliferation risk.

Andrianov, A.; Kuptsov, I. [Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering of NNRU MEPhI (Russian Federation); Studgorodok 1, Obninsk, Kaluga region, 249030 (Russian Federation)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Electric vehicles and the electric grid: A review of modeling approaches, Impacts, and renewable energy integration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electric vehicles (EVs) and renewable energy sources offer the potential to substantially decrease carbon emissions from both the transportation and power generation sectors of the economy. Mass adoption of \\{EVs\\} will have a number of impacts and benefits, including the ability to assist in the integration of renewable energy into existing electric grids. This paper reviews the current literature on EVs, the electric grid, and renewable energy integration. Key methods and assumptions of the literature are discussed. The economic, environmental and grid impacts of \\{EVs\\} are reviewed. Numerous studies assessing the ability of \\{EVs\\} to integrate renewable energy sources are assessed; the literature indicates that \\{EVs\\} can significantly reduce the amount of excess renewable energy produced in an electric system. Studies on wind–EV interaction are much more detailed than those on solar photovoltaics (PV) and EVs. The paper concludes with recommendations for future research.

David B. Richardson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Reactor technology assessment and selection utilizing systems engineering approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first Nuclear power plant (NPP) deployment in a country is a complex process that needs to consider technical, economic and financial aspects along with other aspects like public acceptance. Increased interest in the deployment of new NPPs, both among newcomer countries and those with expanding programs, necessitates the selection of reactor technology among commercially available technologies. This paper reviews the Systems Decision Process (SDP) of Systems Engineering and applies it in selecting the most appropriate reactor technology for the deployment in Malaysia. The integrated qualitative and quantitative analyses employed in the SDP are explored to perform reactor technology assessment and to select the most feasible technology whose design has also to comply with the IAEA standard requirements and other relevant requirements that have been established in this study. A quick Malaysian case study result suggests that the country reside with PWR (pressurized water reactor) technologies with more detailed study to be performed in the future for the selection of the most appropriate reactor technology for Malaysia. The demonstrated technology assessment also proposes an alternative method to systematically and quantitatively select the most appropriate reactor technology.

Zolkaffly, Muhammed Zulfakar; Han, Ki-In [KEPCO International Nuclear Graduate School, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

245

Using Fuzzy Integral Approach to Enhance Site Selection Assessment – A Case Study of the Optoelectronics Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The policies deployed by the government in Taiwan determine dramatically affect the development of a sector. In the past three decades, the high-tech industry has contributed to the prosperity of the economy for Taiwan. The focus of potential sectors includes green energy, optoelectronics, biotechnology industry, and agricultural science and technology industries. This study is to develop an enhanced assessment approach to evaluate candidate sites for building an optoelectronics factory. Traditionally, the assessment approach was conducted by ignoring the multiplicative effects of explored selection criteria in the real world. In order to resolve the above inadequacy on site selection assessment, fuzzy integral method (FIM) and consistent fuzzy preference relations (CFPR) were integrated to the proposed assessment approach to enhance the site selection assessment. Two optoelectronics sites were evaluated by employing the proposed assessment approach. The results through implementing the proposed approach not only could benefit decision makers to facilitate the site selection but also be more effective in real operations than tradition additive aggregate method. The results of the sensitivity analysis on FIM results were also more effective to plan the improvement strategies for the targeted site.

Yao-Chen Kuo; Shih-Tong Lu; Gwo-Hshiung Tzeng; Ying-Chieh Lin; Yu-Shyang Huang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Impact ionization in GaAs: A screened exchange density-functional approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results are presented of a fully ab initio calculation of impact ionization rates in GaAs within the density functional theory framework, using a screened-exchange formalism and the highly precise all-electron full-potential linearized augmented plane wave method. The calculated impact ionization rates show a marked orientation dependence in k space, indicating the strong restrictions imposed by the conservation of energy and momentum. This anisotropy diminishes as the impacting electron energy increases. A Keldysh type fit performed on the energy-dependent rate shows a rather soft edge and a threshold energy greater than the direct band gap. The consistency with available Monte Carlo and empirical pseudopotential calculations shows the reliability of our approach and paves the way to ab initio calculations of pair production rates in new and more complex materials.

Picozzi, S., Asahi, R., Geller, C.B., Continenza, A., and Freeman, A.J.

2001-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

247

Groundwater impact assessment report for the 216-Z-20 Crib, 200 West Area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As required by the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order ([Tri-Party Agreement] Milestone M-17-00A), this report assesses the impact of wastewater discharges to the 216-Z-20 Crib on groundwater quality. The assessment reported herein extends the initial analysis conducted from 1989 through 1990 for the Liquid Effluent Study Final Project Report. Three primary issues are addressed in response to regulator concerns with the initial analysis: The magnitude and status of the soil column transuranic inventory. Potential interactions of wastewater with carbon tetrachloride from adjacent facilities. Preferential pathways created by unsealed monitoring wells.

Johnson, V.G.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Privacy Impact Assessment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Privacy Impact Assessment Privacy Impact Assessment Name of Project: Web Domains Maintained by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) Bureau: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science Project's Unique ID: N/A Contact Information: [Mailing address for 1 through 5 below is: DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831.] Who is the person completing this document? (Name, title, organization, and contact information.) Valerie S. Allen, Technical Information Specialist allenv@osti.gov, Telephone 865-576-3469 Who is the system owner? (Name, organization, and contact information.) Judy C. Gilmore, OSTI Acting Assistant Director for Program Integration gilmorej@osti.gov, Telephone 865-576-5600 Who is the system manager for this system or application? (Name,

249

Methodology for the Assessment of the Macroeconomic Impacts of Stricter CAF. Standards  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

For For a full documentation of the macroeconomic linkage refer to "Model Documentation Report: Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM) of the National Energy Modeling System," January 2002 found on the EIA web site at http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/FTPROOT/modeldoc/m065(2002).pdf Methodology for the Assessment of the Macroeconomic Impacts of Stricter CAFÉ Standards This assessment of the economic impacts of CAFÉ standards marks the first time EIA has used the new direct linkage of the DRI-WEFA Macroeconomic Model to NEMS in a policy setting. This methodology assures an internally consistent solution between the energy market concepts forecast by NEMS and the aggregate economy as forecast by the DRI-WEFA Macroeconomic Model of the U.S. Economy. While we refer to DRI- WEFA model as a macro model, the full DRI-WEFA model forecasts more than 1600 detailed concepts covering

250

The need for health impact assessment in China: Potential benefits for public health and steps forward  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Health impact assessment (HIA) is a useful tool to predict and estimate the potential health impact associated with programs, projects, and policies by comprehensively identifying relevant health determinants and their consequences. China is undergoing massive and rapid socio-economic changes leading to environment and population health challenges such as a large increase in non-communicable diseases, the emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases, new health risks associated with environmental pollutants and escalating health inequality. These health issues are affected by multiple determinants which can be influenced by planned policies, programs, and projects. This paper discusses the needs for health impact assessment in China in order to minimize the negative health consequences from projects, programs and policies associated with rapid social and economic development. It first describes the scope of China's current impact assessment system and points out its inadequacy in meeting the requirements of population health protection and promotion. It then analyses the potential use of HIA and why China needs to develop and apply HIA as a tool to identify potential health impacts of proposed programs, projects and policies so as to influence decision-making early in the planning process. Thus, the paper recommends the development of HIA as a useful tool in China to enhance decision-making for the protection and promotion of population health. For this to happen, the paper outlines steps necessary for the establishment and successful implementation of HIA in China: beginning with the establishment of a HIA framework, followed by workforce capacity building, methodology design, and intersectoral collaboration and stakeholder engagement.

Wu Liming, E-mail: lmwu@scdc.sh.c [Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai 200336 (China); Center for Environment and Population Health, Griffith University, Nathan 4111 (Australia); Rutherford, Shannon; Chu, Cordia [Center for Environment and Population Health, Griffith University, Nathan 4111 (Australia)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Assessing Impacts of Climate Change on Forests: The State of Biological Modeling  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

Models that address the impacts to forests of climate change are reviewed by four levels of biological organization: global, regional or landscape, community, and tree. The models are compared as to their ability to assess changes in greenhouse gas flux, land use, maps of forest type or species composition, forest resource productivity, forest health, biodiversity, and wildlife habitat. No one model can address all of these impacts, but landscape transition models and regional vegetation and land-use models consider the largest number of impacts. Developing landscape vegetation dynamics models of functional groups is suggested as a means to integrate the theory of both landscape ecology and individual tree responses to climate change. Risk assessment methodologies can be adapted to deal with the impacts of climate change at various spatial and temporal scales. Four areas of research development are identified: (1) linking socioeconomic and ecologic models, (2) interfacing forest models at different scales, (3) obtaining data on susceptibility of trees and forest to changes in climate and disturbance regimes, and (4) relating information from different scales.

Dale, V. H.; Rauscher, H. M.

1993-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

252

Thermodynamic investigation and environment impact assessment of hydrogen production from steam reforming of poultry tallow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this research, various assessment tools are applied to comprehensively investigate hydrogen production from steam reforming of poultry tallow (PT). These tools investigate the chemical reactions, design and simulate the entire hydrogen production process, study the energetic performance and perform an environment impact assessment using life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology. The chemical reaction investigation identifies thermodynamically optimal operating conditions at which PT may be converted to hydrogen via the steam reforming process. The synthesis gas composition was determined by simulations to minimize the Gibbs free energy using the Aspen Plus™ 10.2 software. These optimal conditions are, subsequently, used in the design and simulation of the entire PT-to-hydrogen process. LCA is applied to evaluate the environmental impacts of PT-to-hydrogen system. The system boundaries include rendering and reforming along with the required transportation process. The reforming inventories data are derived from process simulation in Aspen Plus™, whereas the rendering data are adapted from a literature review. The life cycle inventories data of PT-to-hydrogen are computationally implemented into SimaPro 7.3. A set of seven relevant environmental impact categories are evaluated: global warming, abiotic depletion, acidification, eutrophication, ozone layer depletion, photochemical oxidant formation, and cumulative non-renewable fossil and nuclear energy demand. The results are subject to a systematic sensitivity analysis and compared to those calculated for hydrogen production from conventional steam methane reforming. The LCA results indicate that the thermal energy production process is the main contributor to the selected environmental impact categories. Improvement actions to minimize the reforming thermal energy and the transport distance are strongly recommended as they would lead to relevant environmental improvements.

Noureddine Hajjaji

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Effects of offshore wind farms on marine wildlife—a generalized impact assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marine management plans over the world express high expectations to the development of offshore wind energy. This would obviously contribute to renewable energy production, but potential conflicts with other usages of the marine landscape, as well as conservation interests, are evident. The present study synthesizes the current state of understanding on the effects of offshore wind farms on marine wildlife, in order to identify general versus local conclusions in published studies. The results were translated into a generalized impact assessment for coastal waters in Sweden, which covers a range of salinity conditions from marine to nearly fresh waters. Hence, the conclusions are potentially applicable to marine planning situations in various aquatic ecosystems. The assessment considered impact with respect to temporal and spatial extent of the pressure, effect within each ecosystem component, and level of certainty. Research on the environmental effects of offshore wind farms has gone through a rapid maturation and learning process, with the bulk of knowledge being developed within the past ten years. The studies showed a high level of consensus with respect to the construction phase, indicating that potential impacts on marine life should be carefully considered in marine spatial planning. Potential impacts during the operational phase were more locally variable, and could be either negative or positive depending on biological conditions as well as prevailing management goals. There was paucity in studies on cumulative impacts and long-term effects on the food web, as well as on combined effects with other human activities, such as the fisheries. These aspects remain key open issues for a sustainable marine spatial planning.

Lena Bergström; Lena Kautsky; Torleif Malm; Rutger Rosenberg; Magnus Wahlberg; Nastassja Åstrand Capetillo; Dan Wilhelmsson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Energy, emissions and environmental impact analysis of wind turbine using life cycle assessment technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wind turbine used for electricity generation is known as clean and renewable energy technology. The worldwide increasing trend of wind turbine installation present and future projection addressing the issue of energy required for manufacture and environmental impact due to energy consumption. The life cycle energy and environmental impact of wind turbine has been studied in many literature, but some studies are based on average data, the life cycle stages are incomplete of some study, most of the literature are horizontal axis type and the literature for Asian developing countries are rare. In addition, the life cycle study of vertical axis wind turbine is unusual. Since, the life cycle assessment (LCA) study varied from location to location due to industrial performance, countries energy mix and related issues, a life cycle embodied energy, emissions and environmental impacts analysis were undertaken for two grid connected rooftop wind turbines (vertical axis and horizontal axis) considering the industrial performance, applications and related issues in Thailand. The life cycle assessment was done using SimaPro 7.3.3 software from cradle to grave for base case and for alternative cases. The result showed that, wind turbine installation in Thailand at Chiangmai is reliable to deliver wind energy over the year compared to Phuket and Surat Thani Island. The vertical axis wind turbine is energy and emission intensive per kWh/year energy delivered compared to horizontal axis wind turbine for base case system. The embodied energy and environmental impact could be possible to reduce by more than 60% and 50% respectively using reuse of materials strategy. The embodied energy of vertical axis wind turbine could be possible to reduce by 36% with thermoplastic and 40% with fiberglass plastic turbine instead of aluminum turbine, while the environmental impact reduction more than 15% has been observed. The energy intensity, CO2 emission intensity and energy payback time found to be lower when compared with literature.

Md. Shazib Uddin; S. Kumar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Preliminary assessment of the impact of commercial aircraft on local air quality in the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines the impact of aircraft emissions on local air quality by performing two analyses: an assessment of U.S. commercial aircraft contribution to county budgets of primary pollutants in nonattainment areas, ...

Ratliff, Gayle L. (Gayle Lois)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Assessment of cathode active materials from the perspective of integrating environmental impact with electrochemical performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A method was brought forward for assessing cathode active materials from a perspective that accounts for the environmental impact and the electrochemical performance. Then the integrated performance, referred to as the “final environmental impact”, was quantified into a dimensionless score, \\{EIc\\} (see Eq. (2)). Subsequently, four types of cathode active materials– LiFePO4/C, LiFe0.98Mn0.02PO4/C, LiFe0.98Ti0.02PO4/C, and FeF3(H2O)3/C– were assessed. The results were: (1) the \\{EIc\\} sequence was LiFePO4/C (1.76E-02Pt) > LiFe0.98Ti0.02PO4/C (1.74E-02 Pt) > LiFe0.98Ti0.02PO4/C (1.66E-02Pt) >FeF3(H2O)3/C (4.98E-03 Pt), which meant FeF3(H2O)3/C was the optimal material and had the minimal final environmental impact. (2) With regard to the eleven impact categories, the category respiratory effects exerted by inorganics made up the largest percentage of the \\{EIc\\} for the four materials. (3) In the aspects of \\{EIm\\} (EI (Eco-indicator) value of a 1 kg cathode active material), average specific discharge capacity, and cycle life, the sub-optimal materials' sequence of theoretical potential for optimization was as follows: LiFe0.98Ti0.02PO4/C > LiFe0.98Mn0.02PO4/C > LiFePO4/C. This meant that the final environmental impact of LiFePO4/C was the most difficult to reduce, and the impact of LiFe0.98Ti0.02PO4/C could not be reduced very easily. (4) To reduce the final environmental impact, the following concrete measures were recommended: (a) the optimization of the synthesis processes for smaller particle diameters; (b) the adoption of other surface-coating agents, utilizing (other) dopants; (c) the substitution of the energy-efficient instruments for the energy-intensive instruments; (d) the optimization of the synthesis processes to contain fewer electricity-intensive steps.

Yajuan Yu; Dong Wang; Kai Huang; Xiang Wang; Yuhan Liang; Weijun Sun; Bo Chen; Shi Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Climate Extremes, Uncertainty and Impacts Climate Change Challenge: The Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Extremes, Uncertainty and Impacts Climate Change Challenge: The Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, AR4) has resulted in a wider acceptance of global climate change climate extremes and change impacts. Uncertainties in process studies, climate models, and associated

258

Assessing noise impacts on wildlife under the National Environmental Policy Act.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under the National Environmental Policy Act authors must address environmental impacts of various anthropogenic actions on wildlife. One such impact of increasing awareness and concern is effectnoise on wildlife both during construction and operation of the project. However biologists often have difficulty in understanding the fundamentals of acoustics and noiseanalysts often have difficulty in understanding the biological implications of increased noise on wildlife. As a result inappropriate weighting metrics (such as A?weighted decibel) or time descriptors (e.g. community noise equivalent level) are often used erroneously to assess noiseimpacts on wildlife.Noise exposure thresholds on wildlife exist for marine mammals and fish as mandated by the National Marine Fisheries Service. However no such thresholds exist for terrestrial wildlife. This talk provides specific examples of how noiseimpacts on wildlife have been assessed using GIS?based technology industry?accepted noise propagation models and peer?reviewed literature in the absence of management guidelines. Examples include assessing construction noiseimpacts on the California coastal gnatcatcher in southern California aircraft noiseimpacts on sage grouse in central California and helicopter disturbance on caribou in Alaska.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

The soundscape of nature areas: assessment and review of research approaches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The soundscape of nature areas: assessment and review of research approaches M. Weber DCMR requires authorities to delineate (nature) areas where the acoustic quality is good, and to protect as maximum allowed levels (e.g. 40 dB Lday) and specific activities near or in these nature areas were

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

260

The role of Life Cycle Assessment in identifying and reducing environmental impacts of CCS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) should be used to assist carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) planners to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and avoid unintended environmental trade-offs. LCA is an analytical framework for determining environmental impacts resulting from processes, products, and services. All life cycle stages are evaluated including raw material sourcing, processing, operation, maintenance, and component end-of-life, as well as intermediate stages such as transportation. In recent years a growing number of LCA studies have analyzed CCS systems. We reviewed 50+ LCA studies, and selected 11 studies that compared the environmental performance of 23 electric power plants with and without CCS. Here we summarize and interpret the findings of these studies. Regarding overall climatemitigation effectiveness of CCS, we distinguish between the capture percentage of carbon in the fuels, the net carbon dioxide (CO2) emission reduction, and the net GHG emission reduction. We also identify trade-offs between the climate benefits and the potential increased non-climate impacts of CCS. Emissions of non-CO2 flue gases such as NOx may increase due to the greater throughput of fuel, and toxicity issues may arise due to the use of monoethanolamine (MEA) capture solvent, resulting in ecological and human health impacts. We discuss areas where improvements in LCA data or methods are needed. The decision to implement CCS should be based on knowledge of the overall environmental impacts of the technologies, not just their carbon capture effectiveness. LCA will be an important tool in providing that knowledge.

Sathre, Roger; Masanet, Eric; Cain, Jennifer; Chester, Mikhail

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Super-Efficient Refrigerator Program (SERP) evaluation volume 2: Preliminary impact and market transformation assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Super Efficient Refrigerator Program (SERP) is a collaborative utility program intended to transform the market for energy-efficient and environmentally friendly refrigerators. It is one of the first examples of a large-scale {open_quotes}market transformation{close_quotes} energy efficiency program. This report documents the preliminary impact and market transformation evaluation of SERP ({open_quotes}the Program{close_quotes}). Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted this evaluation for the U.S. Department of Energy. This study focuses on the preliminary impact evaluation and market transformation assessment, but also presents limited process evaluation information. It is based on interviews with refrigerator dealers and manufacturers, interviews with utility participants, industry data, and information from the Program administrators. Results from this study complement those from prior process evaluation also conducted by PNNL. 42 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

Lee, A.D.; Conger, R.L.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Tucannon River Spring Chinook Captive Broodstock Program Final Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is proposing to fund the Tucannon River Spring Chinook Captive Broodstock Program, a small-scale production initiative designed to increase numbers of a weak but potentially recoverable population of spring chinook salmon in the Tucannon River in the State of Washington. BPA has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-l326) evaluating the proposed project. Based on the analysis in the EA, BPA has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is not required, and BPA is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).

N /A

2000-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

263

Billy Shaw Dam and Reservoir : Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impacts.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This notice announces BPA`s decision to fund the construction, operation, and maintenance of the Billy Shaw Dam and Reservoir on the Duck Valley Reservation. This project is part of a continuing effort to address system-wide fish and wildlife losses caused by the development of the hydropower system in the Columbia River Basin. BPA has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) evaluating the potential environmental impacts of the proposed project. Based on the analysis in the EA, BPA has determined that the Proposed Action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is not required and BPA is issuing this FONSI.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration; Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Nevada.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Knowledge brokerage - potential for increased capacities and shared power in impact assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Constructive and collaborative planning theory has exposed the perceived limitations of public participation in impact assessment. At strategic levels of assessment the established norm can be misleading and practice is illusive. For example, debates on SEA effectiveness recognize insufficiencies, but are often based on questionable premises. The authors of this paper argue that public participation in strategic assessment requires new forms of information and engagement, consistent with the complexity of the issues at these levels and that strategic assessments can act as knowledge brokerage instruments with the potential to generate more participative environments and attitudes. The paper explores barriers and limitations, as well as the role of knowledge brokerage in stimulating the engagement of the public, through learning-oriented processes and responsibility sharing in more participative models of governance. The paper concludes with a discussion on building and inter-change of knowledge, towards creative solutions to identified problems, stimulating learning processes, largely beyond simple information transfer mechanisms through consultative processes. The paper argues fundamentally for the need to conceive strategic assessments as learning platforms and design knowledge brokerage opportunities explicitly as a means to enhance learning processes and power sharing in IA. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Debates on SEA recognize insufficiencies on public participation Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We propose new forms of engagement consistent with complex situations at strategic levels of decision-making Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Constructive and collaborative planning theories help explain how different actors acquire knowledge and the value of knowledge exchange Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Strategic assessments can act as knowledge brokerage instruments Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The paper argues for strategic assessments as learning platforms as a means to enhance learning processes and power sharing in IA.

Rosario Partidario, Maria, E-mail: mrp@civil.ist.utl.pt [Instituto Superior Tecnico, Lisbon, Portugal, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 LISBOA (Portugal); Sheate, William R., E-mail: w.sheate@imperial.ac.uk [Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Collingwood Environmental Planning Ltd, London, 1E, The Chandlery, 50 Westminster Bridge Road, London SE1 7QY (United Kingdom)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

265

Habitat Evaluation: Guidance for the Review of Environmental Impact Assessment Documents  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HABITAT EVALUATION: HABITAT EVALUATION: GUIDANCE FOR THE REVIEW OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT DOCUMENTS EPA Contract No. 68-C0-0070 work Assignments B-21, 1-12 January 1993 Submitted to: Jim Serfis U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Federal Activities 401 M Street, SW Washington, DC 20460 Submitted by: Mark Southerland Dynamac Corporation The Dynamac Building 2275 Research Boulevard Rockville, MD 20850 CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION ... ...... .... ... ................................................. 1 Habitat Conservation .......................................... 2 Habitat Evaluation Methodology ................................... 2 Habitats of Concern ........................................... 3 Definition of Habitat ..................................... 4

266

A novel approach for efficiency assessment of conventional power plants based on principal component analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The investigation of performance efficiency and productivity in power generation sector has become a need due to the importance of energy consumption in the world. Several studies have concentrated on the performance assessment of conventional power plants through mathematical and statistical methods. This paper presents a novel approach based on principal component analysis (PCA) for efficiency assessment of conventional power plants. This study considers the previous approaches, namely: data envelopment analysis (DEA) and PCA for ranking of decision-making units (DMUs). The applicability and superiority of the proposed approach is shown for 15 actual conventional power plants. We also applied the proposed approach to other datasets in previous studies to show its advantages. The numerical results showed that the proposed approach provides better solution than previous studies. It has been shown that in some cases the effect of the number of efficient units is contrary to what previous studies have already predicted. Moreover, the results of the novel approach provide better rankings than previous studies.

Ali Azadeh; Mahmoud Ghiasi Moaser

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Improving the Assessment and Valuation of Climate Change Impacts for Policy and Regulatory Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The social cost of carbon (SCC) is a monetized metric for evaluating the benefits associated with marginal reductions in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. It represents the expected welfare loss from the future damages caused by the release of one tonne of CO2 in a given year, expressed in consumption equivalent terms. It is intended to be a comprehensive measure, taking into account changes in agricultural productivity, human health risks, loss of ecosystem services and biodiversity, and the frequency and severity of flooding and storms, among other possible impacts. Estimating the SCC requires long-term modeling of global economic activity, the climate system, and the linkages between the two through anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the effects of changing climatic conditions on economic activity and human well-being. The United States government currently uses the SCC in regulatory benefit-cost analyses to assess the welfare effects of changes in CO2 emissions. Consistent application of the SCC to federal rulemaking analyses began in 2009-2010 with the development of a set of global SCC estimates that employed three prominent integrated assessment models (IAMs) -- DICE, FUND, and PAGE. The U.S. government report identified a number of limitations associated with SCC estimates in general and its own assumptions in particular: an incomplete treatment of damages, including potential “catastrophic” impacts; uncertainty regarding the extrapolation of damage functions to high temperatures; incomplete treatment of adaptation and technological change; and the evaluation of uncertain outcomes in a risk-neutral fashion. External experts have identified other potential issues, including how best to model long-term socio-economic and emissions pathways, oversimplified physical climate and carbon cycle modeling within the IAMs, and an inconsistency between non-constant economic growth scenarios and constant discount rates. The U.S. government has committed to updating the estimates regularly as modeling capabilities and scientific and economic knowledge improves. To help foster further improvements in estimating the SCC, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy hosted a pair of workshops on “Improving the Assessment and Valuation of Climate Change Impacts for Policy and Regulatory Analysis.” The first focused on conceptual and methodological issues related to integrated assessment modeling and the second brought together natural and social scientists to explore methods for improving damage assessment for multiple sectors. These two workshops provide the basis for the 13 papers in this special issue.

Marten, Alex; Kopp, Robert E.; Shouse, Kate C.; Griffiths, Charles; Hodson, Elke L.; Kopits, Elizabeth; Mignone, Bryan K.; Moore, Chris; Newbold, Steve; Waldhoff, Stephanie T.; Wolverton, Ann

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Assessing the Thermal Environmental Impacts of an Groundwater Heat Pump in Southeastern Washington State  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermal analysis of a large-scale (e.g., 1900 gpm), open-loop ground source heat pump (GSHP) installed on the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) campus in southeastern Washington State has been performed using a numerical modeling approach. Water temperature increases at the upgradient extraction wells in the system and at the downgradient Columbia River are potential concerns, especially since heat rejection to the subsurface will occur year-round. Hence, thermal impacts of the open-loop GSHP were investigated to identify operational scenarios that minimized downgradient environmental impacts at the river, and upgradient temperature drift at the production wells. Simulations examined the sensitivity of the system to variations in pumping rates and injected water temperatures, as well as to hydraulic conductivity estimates of the aquifer. Results demonstrated that both downgradient and upgradient thermal impacts were more sensitive to injection flow rates than estimates of hydraulic conductivity. Higher injection rates at lower temperatures resulted in higher temperature increases at the extraction wells but lower increases at the river. Conversely, lower pumping rates and higher injected water temperatures resulted in a smaller temperature increase at the extraction wells, but higher increases at the river. The scenario with lower pumping rates is operationally more efficient, but does increase the likelihood of a thermal plume discharging into the Columbia River. However, this impact would be mitigated by mixing within the hyporheic zone and the Columbia River. The impact under current operational conditions is negligible, but future increases in heat rejection could require a compromise between maximizing operational efficiency and minimizing temperature increases at the shoreline.

Freedman, Vicky L.; Waichler, Scott R.; Mackley, Rob D.; Horner, Jacob A.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Comparing Environmental Impacts of Additive Manufacturing vs. Traditional Machining via Life-Cycle Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impacts of Additive Manufacturing vs. Traditional Machiningcutting! Impacts of Additive Manufacturing in LiteratureSocial Impacts of Additive Manufacturing vs CNC Machining

Faludi, Jeremy; Bayley, Cindy; Bhogal, Suraj; Iribarne, Myles

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Comparison of methodologies estimating emissions of aircraft pollutants, environmental impact assessment around airports  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Air transportation growth has increased continuously over the years. The rise in air transport activity has been accompanied by an increase in the amount of energy used to provide air transportation services. It is also assumed to increase environmental impacts, in particular pollutant emissions. Traditionally, the environmental impacts of atmospheric emissions from aircraft have been addressed in two separate ways; aircraft pollutant emissions occurring during the landing and take-off (LTO) phase (local pollutant emissions) which is the focus of this study, and the non-LTO phase (global/regional pollutant emissions). Aircraft pollutant emissions are an important source of pollution and directly or indirectly harmfully affect human health, ecosystems and cultural heritage. There are many methods to asses pollutant emissions used by various countries. However, using different and separate methodology will cause a variation in results, some lack of information and the use of certain methods will require justification and reliability that must be demonstrated and proven. In relation to this issue, this paper presents identification, comparison and reviews of some of the methodologies of aircraft pollutant assessment from the past, present and future expectations of some studies and projects focusing on emissions factors, fuel consumption, and uncertainty. This paper also provides reliable information on the impacts of aircraft pollutant emissions in short term and long term predictions.

Kurniawan, Jermanto S., E-mail: Jermanto.kurniawan@inrets.fr; Khardi, S., E-mail: Salah.khardi@inrets.f

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

Assessing environmental impacts on stream water quality: deforestation in mid-Wales Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 6(3), 421431 (2002) EGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the environmental sciences, there are major management issues over the impact of man on the water qualityAssessing environmental impacts on stream water quality: deforestation in mid-Wales 421 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 6(3), 421­431 (2002) © EGS Assessing environmental impacts on stream water

Boyer, Edmond

272

Carbon sequestration and riparian zones: Assessing the impacts of changing regulatory practices in Southern Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Despite the consensus that riparian zones are important for the conservation of biological diversity and many other ecosystem services, there are no consistent regulations for how, or if, riparian areas should be used and the size of buffer zones required. Recently, controversial revisions to the Forest Code in Brazil have been implemented which include a reduction in the width of protected riparian buffer zones required along rivers. In order to model the impact of legislative changes on ecosystem services, we used the integrated valuation of environmental services and tradeoffs (InVEST) tool to assess a 30,000 ha watershed in southern Brazil and carbon sequestration as an indicator for ecosystem services. The results demonstrate that the adoption of improved agriculture practices, development of secondary forests and especially the conversion of land into more restrictive types of land-use has a significant and positive impact on the levels of carbon sequestered. On the other hand, the easing of riparian zone requirements shows an important potential loss in carbon sequestration. More importantly, reducing the size of the buffer zone might result in land-conversion into agriculture or pasture, impacting both carbon sequestration and other ecosystem services. However, the easing of restrictions on riparian areas under the revised Forest Code might be overshadowed by changes to Legal Forest Reserve provisions which could have a much greater impact on carbon sequestration. Despite the restrictions imposed by various pieces of legislation, the loss of ecosystem services due to a reduction in the protected riparian area, as well as possible land conversion due to changes in Legal Forest Reserves, are possible unless efforts involving narrowing the gap between research and policy, effective law enforcement, and implementing attractive payment for ecosystem services programs, are put in place. We believe that introducing incentives to farmers to maintain the protection of riparian areas by implementing agroforestry systems, such as erva-mate (Ilex paraguariensis), would be beneficial socioeconomically and ecologically and should be integrated into the Forest Code.

Marilice C. Garrastazú; Sabina D. Mendonça; Teçá T. Horokoski; Denise J. Cardoso; Maria A.D. Rosot; Evelyn R. Nimmo; André E.B. Lacerda

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Pollution prevention opportunity assessment approach, training, and technical assistance for DOE contractors. FY 1995 report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy and its contractors are faced with environmental concerns and large waste management costs. Federal legislation and DOE Orders require sites to develop waste minimization/pollution prevention programs. In response to these requirements, the Kansas City Plant developed a pollution prevention tool called a pollution prevention opportunity assessment (PPOA). Pilot assessments resulted in the development of a graded approach to reduce the amount of effort required for activities that utilized nonhazardous and/or low-volume waste streams. The project`s objectives in FY95 were to validate DOE`s PPOA Graded Approach methodology, provide PPOA training and technical assistance to interested DOE personnel and DOE contractors, enhance the methodology with energy analysis and tools for environmental restoration activities, implement a DOE-wide PPOA database, and provide support to DOE EM-334 in the completion of a report which estimates the future potential for pollution prevention and waste minimization in the DOE complex.

Pemberton, S.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

The microenvironmental modelling approach to assess children's exposure to air pollution – A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Exposures to a wide spectrum of air pollutants were associated to several effects on children's health. Exposure assessment can be used to establish where and how air pollutants' exposures occur. However, a realistic estimation of children's exposures to air pollution is usually a great ethics challenge, especially for young children, because they cannot intentionally be exposed to contaminants and according to Helsinki declaration, they are not old enough to make a decision on their participation. Additionally, using adult surrogates introduces bias, since time–space–activity patterns are different from those of children. From all the different available approaches for exposure assessment, the microenvironmental (ME) modelling (indirect approach, where personal exposures are estimated or predicted from microenvironment measurements combined with time–activity data) seemed to be the best to assess children's exposure to air pollution as it takes into account the varying levels of pollution to which an individual is exposed during the course of the day, it is faster and less expensive. Thus, this review aimed to explore the use of the ME modelling approach methodology to assess children's exposure to air pollution. To meet this goal, a total of 152 articles, published since 2002, were identified and titles and abstracts were scanned for relevance. After exclusions, 26 articles were fully reviewed and main characteristics were detailed, namely: (i) study design and outcomes, including location, study population, calendar time, pollutants analysed and purpose; and (ii) data collection, including time–activity patterns (methods of collection, record time and key elements) and pollution measurements (microenvironments, methods of collection and duration and time resolution). The reviewed studies were from different parts of the world, confirming the worldwide application, and mostly cross-sectional. Longitudinal studies were also found enhancing the applicability of this approach. The application of this methodology on children is different from that on adults because of data collection, namely the methods used for collecting time–activity patterns must be different and the time–activity patterns are itself different, which leads to select different microenvironments to the data collection of pollutants' concentrations. The most used methods to gather information on time–activity patterns were questionnaires and diaries, and the main microenvironments considered were home and school (indoors and outdoors). Although the ME modelling approach in studies to assess children’s exposure to air pollution is highly encouraged, a validation process is needed, due to the uncertainties associated with the application of this approach.

P.T.B.S. Branco; M.C.M. Alvim-Ferraz; F.G. Martins; S.I.V. Sousa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Disorders of Fluids and Electrolytes: Physiological Approach to Assessment of Acid–Base Disturbances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...alcoholism may be an important clue for the diagnosis of alcoholic ketoacidosis. This diagnosis may be missed because the test widely used to assess ketonuria (the nitroprusside test) reacts only with acetoacetate, not with ?-hydroxybutyrate, the primary keto acid seen in alcoholic ketoacidosis. The pH... Acid–base homeostasis is fundamental for maintaining life. This article reviews a stepwise method for the physiological approach to evaluation of acid–base status.

Berend K.de Vries A.P.J.Gans R.O.B.

2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

276

An integrated multivariate approach for performance assessment and optimisation of electricity transmission systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article introduces an integrated approach based on data envelopment analysis (DEA) and principal component analysis (PCA) for efficiency assessment, and optimisation in transmission systems that have been responsible for the transmission of electricity in Iran to show its applicability and superiority. Performance of 16 regional electricity companies was evaluated using the non-parametric technique of DEA. The result indicates that the performance of several companies is sub-optimal, suggesting the potential for significant cost reduction and reduction in employee number. The optimisation procedure in this article is followed from two different viewpoints, i.e. input efficiency and -cost. The result of DEA model is verified and validated by PCA through Spearman correlation experiment. Moreover, the proposed approach uses the measure-specific super-efficiency DEA model for sensitivity analysis to determine the critical inputs based on efficiency and cost allocation super-efficiency DEA model to determine the critical inputs based on cost. The unique feature of this study is utilisation of DEA model for assessment and determination of critical inputs and optimisation for the critical inputs from two different viewpoints, i.e. input-efficiency and -cost. This is the first study that introduces a total approach for performance assessment and optimisation of electricity transmission companies.

Ali Azadeh; Somayeh Ahmadi Movaghar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

PARAGON - An Integrated Approach for Characterizing Aerosol Climate Impacts and Environmental Interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aerosols exert myriad influences on the Earth?s environment and climate and on human health. The complexity of aerosol-related processes requires that information gathered to improve our understanding of climate change must originate from multiple sources, and that effective strategies for data integration need to be established. Currently, the aerosol community lacks the necessary tools and infrastructure to reap maximum scientific benefit from a vast array of observed and modeled data. Spatial and temporal sampling differences among a diverse set of sensors, nonuniform data qualities, aerosol mesoscale variabilities, and difficulties in separating cloud effects are some of the challenges that need to be addressed. A sustained, long-term program also requires maintaining consistently well-understood accuracies as measurement approaches evolve and improve. Achieving a comprehensive understanding of how aerosol physical, chemical, and radiative processes impact the Earth system can only be achieved through a multidisciplinary, interagency, and international initiative capable of dealing with these issues. A systematic approach, capitalizing on modern measurement and modeling techniques, geospatial statistics methodologies, and high-performance information technologies can provide the necessary machinery to support this objective. We outline a framework for integrating and interpreting observations and models and establishing an accurate, consistent and cohesive long-term record, following a strategy whereby information and tools of progressively greater sophistication are incorporated as problems of increasing complexity are tackled. This concept is named the Progressive Aerosol Retrieval and Assimilation Global Observing Network (PARAGON). To encompass the breadth of effort required, we present a set of recommendations dealing with data interoperability, integration, synergy, summarization and mining, model evaluation, calibration and validation, augmentation of surface and in situ measurements, advances in passive and active remote sensing, and design of satellite missions. Without an initiative of this nature, the scientific and policy communities will continue to struggle with understanding the quantitative impact of complex aerosol processes on regional and global climate change and air quality.

Diner, David J.; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Anderson, Theodore L.; Bosenberg, Jens; Braverman, Amy J.; Charlson, Robert J.; Collins, William D.; Davies, Roger; Holben, B. N.; Hostetler, Chris A.; Kahn, Ralph A.; Martonchik, John V.; Menzies, Robert T.; Miller, Mark A.; Ogren, J. A.; Penner, Joyce E.; Rasch, P; Schwartz, Stephen E.; Seinfeld, John H.; Stephens, Graeme L.; Torres, Omar; Travis, Larry D.; Wielicki, Bruce A.; Yu, Bin

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

A Review of the Property Value Approach to Measuring the Welfare Impact of an Externality Excerpt from NUREG/CR-0989, PNL-2952 Vol. II Appendix B  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews 1) the quantitative measurement of the welfare impact due to an externality and 2) the empirical estimation of the welfare impact of an externality using the property value approach.

RC. Adams

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

An approach for assessing engineering risk from shale gas wells in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In response to a series of “energy crises” in the 1970s, the United States government began investigating the potential of unconventional, domestic sources of energy to offset imported oil. Hydraulic fracturing applied to vertical tight sand and coal bed methane wells achieved some degree of success during a period of high energy prices in the early 1980s, but shale gas remained largely untapped until the late 1990s with the application of directional drilling, a mature technology adapted from deepwater offshore platforms that allowed horizontal wells to penetrate kilometers of organic-rich shale, and staged hydraulic fracturing, which created high permeability flowpaths from the horizontal wells into a much greater volume of the target formations than previous completion methods. These new engineering techniques opened up vast unconventional natural gas and oil reserves, but also raised concerns about potential environmental impacts. These include short-term and long-term impacts to air and water quality from rig operations, potential migration of gas, fluids and chemicals through the ground, and effects on small watersheds and landscapes from roads, pads and other surface structures. Engineering risk assessment commonly uses integrated assessment models (IAMs), which define sources of risk from features, events and processes. The risk from each system element is assessed using high-fidelity models. Output from these is simplified into reduced-order models, so that a large, integrated site performance assessment can be run using the IAM. The technique has been applied to engineered systems in geologic settings for sequestering carbon dioxide, and it is also applicable to shale gas, albeit with some modifications of the various system elements. Preliminary findings indicate that shale gas well drilling and hydraulic fracturing techniques are generally safe when properly applied. Incident reports recorded by state environmental agencies suggest that human error resulting from the disregard of prescribed practices is the greatest cause of environmental incidents. This can only be addressed through education, regulations and enforcement.

Daniel J. Soeder; Shikha Sharma; Natalie Pekney; Leslie Hopkinson; Robert Dilmore; Barbara Kutchko; Brian Stewart; Kimberly Carter; Alexandra Hakala; Rosemary Capo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Environmental Assessment/Regulatory Impact Review/Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis for Proposed Amendment 86 to the Fishery Management Plan for Groundfish of the Bering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Assessment/Regulatory Impact Review/Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis......................................................................................................................................... 1 2 Regulatory Impact Review for Proposed Amendment 86 to the Fishery Management Plan for Groundfish of the Bering sea/Aleutian Islands

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

SR/OIAF/2000-04 Accelerated Depletion: Assessing Its Impacts  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Accelerated Depletion: Assessing Its Impacts on Domestic Oil and Natural Gas Prices and Production July 2000 Energy Information Administration Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or of any other organization. Service Reports are prepared by the Energy Information Administration upon special request and are based on assumptions specified by the requester. Contacts This report was prepared by the staff of the Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting of the Energy

282

Assessment of the radiological impact of a decommissioning nuclear power plant in Italy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The assessment of the radiological impact of a decommissioning Nuclear Power Plant is presented here through the results of an environmental monitoring survey carried out in the area surrounding the Garigliano Power Plant. The levels of radioactivity in soil, water, air and other environmental matrices are shown, in which {\\alpha}, {\\beta} and {\\gamma} activity and {\\gamma} equivalent dose rate are measured. Radioactivity levels of the samples from the Garigliano area are analyzed and then compared to those from a control zone situated more than 100 km away. Moreover, a comparison is made with a previous survey held in 2001. The analyses and comparisons show no significant alteration in the radiological characteristics of the area surroundings the plant, with an overall radioactivity depending mainly from the global fallout and natural sources.

A. Petraglia; C. Sabbarese; M. De Cesare; N. De Cesare; F. Quinto; F. Terrasi; A. D'Onofrio; P. Steier; L. K. Fifield; A. M. Esposito

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

283

Assessment of the radiological impact of a decommissioning nuclear power plant in Italy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The assessment of the radiological impact of a decommissioning Nuclear Power Plant is presented here through the results of an environmental monitoring survey carried out in the area surrounding the Garigliano Power Plant. The levels of radioactivity in soil, water, air and other environmental matrices are shown, in which {\\alpha}, {\\beta} and {\\gamma} activity and {\\gamma} equivalent dose rate are measured. Radioactivity levels of the samples from the Garigliano area are analyzed and then compared to those from a control zone situated more than 100 km away. Moreover, a comparison is made with a previous survey held in 2001. The analyses and comparisons show no significant alteration in the radiological characteristics of the area surroundings the plant, with an overall radioactivity depending mainly from the global fallout and natural sources.

Petraglia, A; De Cesare, M; De Cesare, N; Quinto, F; Terrasi, F; D'Onofrio, A; Steier, P; Fifield, L K; Esposito, A M; 10.1051/radiopro/2012010

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Sustainability impact assessment of transportation policies – A case study for Bangalore city  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The first part of the current study proposes a model for assessing the impact of various transportation policies and projects based on the variation in three pillars of sustainability – environmental, economic and social. The methodology consists of determination of different indicators of sustainability pillars and thus the Composite Sustainability Index (CSI) before and after introduction of a transportation policy. Indicators include air pollution indicators, natural resource consumption indicators, health indicators, accessibility indicators, mobility indicators, commute indicators, and cost indicators. CSI is obtained by summing all these indicators after weighing them using an Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). The indicator value under a transportation policy scenario is obtained using the mode shift found using a mode choice model incorporated with the policy variable. The second part consists of a case study for the city of Bangalore where the sustainability impact due to introduction of congestion pricing in the CBD, during peak hour, is tested. A choice model developed from Revealed Preference data (RP) is used in the study. The choice model estimated a reduction of 14.11% and 2.4% respectively in the total trip distance travelled by car and bike trips after introduction of congestion charging. There was also an increase of 1.7% in CSI because of congestion pricing.

Ashish Verma; T.M. Rahul; Malvika Dixit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Strategic approaches and assessment techniques-Potential for knowledge brokerage towards sustainability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The role of science in policy and decision-making has been an issue of intensive debate over the past decade. The concept of knowledge brokerage has been developing in this context contemplating issues of communication, interaction, sharing of knowledge, contribution to common understandings, as well as to effective and efficient action. For environmental and sustainability policy and decision-making the discussion has addressed more the essence of the issue rather than the techniques that can be used to enable knowledge brokerage. This paper aims to contribute to covering this apparent gap in current discussion by selecting and examining empirical cases from Portugal and the United Kingdom that can help to explore how certain environmental and sustainability assessment approaches can contribute, if well applied, to strengthen the science-policy link. The cases show that strategic assessment approaches and techniques have the potential to promote knowledge brokerage, but a conscious effort will be required to design in genuine opportunities to facilitate knowledge exchange and transfer as part of assessment processes.

Sheate, William R., E-mail: w.sheate@imperial.ac.u [Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London, SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Collingwood Environmental Planning, London (United Kingdom); Partidario, Maria Rosario, E-mail: mrp@civil.ist.utl.p [Instituto Superior Tecnico, Lisbon (Portugal)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF TOA PARTITIONING ON DWPF MELTER OFF-GAS FLAMMABILITY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An assessment has been made to evaluate the impact on the DWPF melter off-gas flammability of increasing the amount of TOA in the current solvent used in the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Process Unit (MCU) process. The results of this study showed that the concentrations of nonvolatile carbon of the current solvent limit (150 ppm) in the Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) product would be about 7% higher and the nonvolatile hydrogen would be 2% higher than the actual current solvent (126 ppm) with an addition of up to 3 ppm of TOA when the concentration of Isopar? L in the effluent transfer is controlled below 87 ppm and the volume of MCU effluent transfer to DWPF is limited to 15,000 gallons per Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT)/SME cycle. Therefore, the DWPF melter off-gas flammability assessment is conservative for up to an additional 3 ppm of TOA in the effluent based on these assumptions. This report documents the calculations performed to reach this conclusion.

Daniel, G.

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

287

Safety System Oversight Program Assessment Criteria and Review Approach Document (CRAD), Revision 0  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of 7 of 7 Safety System Oversight (SSO) Program Implementation Assessment Criteria and Review Approach Documents (CRADs) Revision 0 PROGRAM (PGM) OBJECTIVE PGM.1 An effective SSO Program is established by the Field Element Manager to apply engineering expertise to maintain safety system configuration and to assess system condition and effectiveness of safety management program implementation. Criteria PGM.1.1 The SSO Qualification Program is part of the Technical Qualification Program (DOE M 426.1-1A, Chapter III, Section 1, 2.b (1)). PGM.1.2 The SSO Program establishes appropriate training, qualification, and performance requirements for SSO personnel and the supervisors are held accountable for achieving them (DOE M 426.1-1A, Chapter III, Section 1, 2.b

288

Wildlife Impact Assessment and Summary of Previous Mitigation Related to Hydroelectric Projects in Montana, Volume One, Libby Dam Project, Operator, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This assessment addresses the impacts to the wildlife populations and wildlife habitats due to the Libby Dam project on the Kootenai River and previous mitigation of these losses. The current assessment documents the best available information concerning the impacts to the wildlife populations inhabiting the project area prior to construction of the dam and creation of the reservoir. Many of the impacts reported in this assessment differ from those contained in the earlier document compiled by the Fish and Wildlife Service; however, this document is a thorough compilation of the available data (habitat and wildlife) and, though conservative, attempts to realistically assess the impacts related to the Libby Dam project. Where appropriate the impacts resulting from highway construction and railroad relocation were included in the assessment. This was consistent with the previous assessments.

Yde, Chris A.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions with Enhanced Oil Recovery Projects:? A Life Cycle Assessment Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions with Enhanced Oil Recovery Projects:? A Life Cycle Assessment Approach ... This capacity corresponds approximately to storing the emissions of a 5 MW power plant emitting 65 tons of CO2 per day for almost 1800 years27 or 14 years from a 300 MW coal power plant where 8000 tons of CO2 is captured per day. ... To overcome this CO2 emission problem, there is great interest, esp. in Canada, to capture carbon dioxide and utilize it as a flooding agent for the enhanced oil recovery (EOR) process. ...

Anne-Christine Aycaguer; Miriam Lev-On; Arthur M. Winer

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Environmental impacts of residual Municipal Solid Waste incineration: A comparison of 110 French incinerators using a life cycle approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: • 110 French incinerators are compared with LCA based on plant-specific data. • Environmental impacts vary as a function of plants energy recovery and NO{sub x} emissions. • E.g. climate change impact ranges from ?58 to 408 kg CO{sub 2}-eq/tonne of residual MSW. • Implications for LCA of waste management in a decision-making process are detailed. - Abstract: Incineration is the main option for residual Municipal Solid Waste treatment in France. This study compares the environmental performances of 110 French incinerators (i.e. 85% of the total number of plants currently in activity in France) in a Life Cycle Assessment perspective, considering 5 non-toxic impact categories: climate change, photochemical oxidant formation, particulate matter formation, terrestrial acidification and marine eutrophication. Mean, median and lower/upper impact potentials are determined considering the incineration of 1 tonne of French residual Municipal Solid Waste. The results highlight the relatively large variability of the impact potentials as a function of the plant technical performances. In particular, the climate change impact potential of the incineration of 1 tonne of waste ranges from a benefit of ?58 kg CO{sub 2}-eq to a relatively large burden of 408 kg CO{sub 2}-eq, with 294 kg CO{sub 2}-eq as the average impact. Two main plant-specific parameters drive the impact potentials regarding the 5 non-toxic impact categories under study: the energy recovery and delivery rate and the NO{sub x} process-specific emissions. The variability of the impact potentials as a function of incinerator characteristics therefore calls for the use of site-specific data when required by the LCA goal and scope definition phase, in particular when the study focuses on a specific incinerator or on a local waste management plan, and when these data are available.

Beylot, Antoine, E-mail: a.beylot@brgm.fr; Villeneuve, Jacques

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

IMPACTS ASSESSMENT OF PLUG-IN HYBRID VEHICLES ON ELECTRIC UTILITIES AND REGIONAL U.S. POWER GRIDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPACTS ASSESSMENT OF PLUG-IN HYBRID VEHICLES ON ELECTRIC UTILITIES AND REGIONAL U.S. POWER GRIDS National Laboratory(a) ABSTRACT The U.S. electric power infrastructure is a strategic national asset with the emerging plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) technology to meet the majority of the daily energy needs

292

Don't bite the hand that feeds: assessing ecological impacts of provisioning ecotourism on an apex marine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Don't bite the hand that feeds: assessing ecological impacts of provisioning ecotourism on an apex from concerns of potential behaviourally medi- ated ecosystem effects because of ecotourism ecotourism have generated conflicting conclusions, where the confidence in such results may suffer from

Miami, University of

293

Assessment of Basin-Scale Hydrologic Impacts of CO2 Sequestration, Illinois Basin1 Mark Person*1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Mount Simon, Illinois Basin, CO2, earthquakes, pressure, brine transport69 #12;Page | 3 1. IntroductionPage | 1 Assessment of Basin-Scale Hydrologic Impacts of CO2 Sequestration, Illinois Basin1 2 3 4 sharp-interface models of CO2 injection were constructed for the Illinois49 Basin in which porosity

Gable, Carl W.

294

An Assessment of the Impact of Demand Management Strategies for Efficient Allocation of Airport Capacity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-time performance is also found to have a negative impact on airfares (Januszewski, 2002). Airlines engage

Entekhabi, Dara

295

Finding of No Significant Impact Environmental Assessment for The Ohio State University, Ohio 4-H center with Green Building Technologies  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Golden Golden Field Office 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 December 27, 2006 DOE/EA 1571 FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT For The Ohio State University, Ohio 4-H Center with Green Building Technologies AGENCY: Department of Energy, Golden Field Office ACTION: Finding of No Significant Impact SUMMARY: The US Department of Energy (DOE) conducted an Environmental Assessment (EA) that analyzed the potential environmental impacts associated with the construction and operation of the Ohio State University (OSU) 4-H Center with Green Building Technologies in Franklin County, Ohio. Based on action by the U.S. Congress, DOE has funding available to support the construction phase of two features within the Ohio 4-H Center designed for energy efficiency: 1) A hybrid geothermal/cooling tower heating, ventilating, and cooling (HVAC) system, and,

296

Impact assessment and remediation strategies for roadway construction in acid-bearing media: case study from Mid-Appalachia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The likelihood of encountering land impacted by current and/or historic coal mining activities is high when constructing roadways in the Mid-Appalachian region. Through additional disturbance of these lands, environmental impacts such as acid and dissolved metals loading and subsequent impacts to aquatic flora and fauna will ensue. Consequently, it is necessary to affect a paradigm shift in roadway design and construction to account for the presence of factors that compound the already difficult task of working in a region characterized by steep topography and aggressive geochemistry. In this study, assessments of the water chemistry and biological impacts of a waste pile containing spoils from previous mining and the presence of an exposed coal mine bench were made as representative microcosmic examples of typical conditions found in the region. Based on quantitative measurements of water quality and biological conditions, recommendations are presented for the assessment and avoidance of impacts prior to construction through acid-bearing materials and suggestions are offered for postconstruction remediation at previously impacted sites.

Viadero, R.C.; Fortney, R.H.; Creel, A.T. [Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL (United States)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

297

Impact of Coal-Coking Effluent on Sediment Microbial Communities: a Multivariate Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...General Microbial Ecology Impact of Coal-Coking Effluent on Sediment Microbial...response to and recovery from coal-coking waste effluent was evaluated for...community response. Impact of coal-coking effluent on sediment microbial...

Gary S. Sayler; Timothy W. Sherrill; Richard E. Perkins; Lawrence M. Mallory; Michael P. Shiaris; Deana Pedersen

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Understanding Life Cycle Social Impacts in Manufacturing: A processed-based approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

impacts from all three pillars of sustainability – society,of all three pillars of sustainability are necessary in

Hutchins, Margot J.; Robinson, Stefanie L.; Dornfeld, David

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Approaches for Establishing Predicted-No-Effect Concentrations for Population-Level Ecological Risk Assessment in the Context of Chemical Substances Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Approaches for Establishing Predicted-No-Effect Concentrations for Population-Level Ecological Risk Assessment in the Context of Chemical Substances Management ... Research Center for Chemical Risk Management, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 16-1 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture 305-8569, Japan ... The results of our case study demonstrate that it has three useful implications for performing PLERA in the context of chemical risk management:? (1) the approach shown here is a practical way of establishing a target value for population-level impacts; (2) it is able to exploit currently available toxicity test data; and (3) it provides useful information on how to design future toxicity tests for PLERA. ...

Bin-le Lin; Akihiro Tokai; Junko Nakanishi

2005-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

300

Assessment of the impact of the next generation solvent on DWPF melter off-gas flammability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An assessment has been made to evaluate the impact on the DWPF melter off-gas flammability of replacing the current solvent used in the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Process Unit (MCU) process with the Next Generation Solvent (NGS-MCU) and blended solvent. The results of this study showed that the concentrations of nonvolatile carbon and hydrogen of the current solvent in the Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) product would both be about 29% higher than their counterparts of the NGS-MCU and blended solvent in the absence of guanidine partitioning. When 6 ppm of guanidine (TiDG) was added to the effluent transfer to DWPF to simulate partitioning for the NGS-MCU and blended solvent cases and the concentration of Isopar{reg_sign} L in the effluent transfer was controlled below 87 ppm, the concentrations of nonvolatile carbon and hydrogen of the NGS-MCU and blended solvent were still about 12% and 4% lower, respectively, than those of the current solvent. It is, therefore, concluded that as long as the volume of MCU effluent transfer to DWPF is limited to 15,000 gallons per Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT)/SME cycle and the concentration of Isopar{reg_sign} L in the effluent transfer is controlled below 87 ppm, using the current solvent assumption of 105 ppm Isopar{reg_sign} L or 150 ppm solvent in lieu of NGS-MCU or blended solvent in the DWPF melter off-gas flammability assessment is conservative for up to an additional 6 ppm of TiDG in the effluent due to guanidine partitioning. This report documents the calculations performed to reach this conclusion.

Daniel, W. E.

2013-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Simplified life cycle approach: GHG variability assessment for onshore wind electricity based on Monte-Carlo simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simplified life cycle approach: GHG variability assessment for onshore wind electricity based in the literature. In the special case of greenhouses gases (GHG) from wind power electricity, the LCA results performances with a simplified life cycle approach. Variability of GHG performances of onshore wind turbines

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

302

A model for assessing the impact of vessel noise on odontocete communication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Offshore industrial noisesources ensonify marine mammal habitat and may mask detection of social signals and important environmental sounds. A probabilistic model of sound detection was developed for assessing the impact of underwater icebreaker noise on signal detection by beluga whales and narwhals. The probability of detecting sample signals in the absence of vessel noise was compared to that of detecting the same signals in ship noise using the MV arctic as a sample noisesource.Analysis of signal detection probabilities showed that loud signals centered on the 5?kHz critical band were more severely masked by ship noise than were quiet 5?kHz signals or loud 2?kHz signals. Thus long?range calls seem to be more susceptible to masking by ship noise than are short?range calls. The model could also be applied to other critical bands of interest. Changes in the probability of detecting vessel noise as estimated by the model were also correlated with changes in beluga and narwhal behavior observed in response to the vessel in operation.

Susan E. Cosens

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Nuclear Risk Assessment for the Mars 2020 Mission Environmental Impact Statement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the summer of 2020, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) plans to launch a spacecraft as part of the Mars 2020 mission. One option for the rover on the proposed spacecraft uses a Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG) to provide continuous electrical and thermal power for the mission. An alternative option being considered is a set of solar panels for electrical power with up to 80 Light-Weight Radioisotope Heater Units (LWRHUs) for local component heating. Both the MMRTG and the LWRHUs use radioactive plutonium dioxide. NASA is preparing an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act. The EIS will include information on the risks of mission accidents to the general public and on-site workers at the launch complex. This Nuclear Risk Assessment (NRA) addresses the responses of the MMRTG or LWRHU options to potential accident and abort conditions during the launch opportunity for the Mars 2020 mission and the associated consequences. This information provides the technical basis for the radiological risks of both options for the EIS.

None

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Utilizing geographic information systems technology in the Wyoming cumulative hydrologic impact assessment modeling process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The coal-permitting process places heavy demands on both permit applicants and regulatory authorities with respect to the management and analysis of hydrologic data. Currently, this correlation is being addressed for the Powder River Basin, Wyoming by the ongoing Cumulative Hydrologic Impact Assessment (CHIA) efforts at the University of Wyoming. One critical component of the CHIA is the use of a Geographic Information System (GIS) for support, management, manipulation, pre-analysis, and display of data associated with the chosen groundwater and surface water models. This paper will discuss the methodology in using of GIS technology as an integrated tool with the MODFLOW and HEC-1 hydrologic models. Pre-existing GIS links associated with these two models served as a foundation for this effort. However, due to established standards and site specific factors, substantial modifications were performed on existing tools to obtain adequate results. The groundwater-modeling effort required the use of a refined grid in which cell sizes varied based on the relative locations of ongoing mining activities. Surface water modeling was performed in a semi-arid region with very limited topographic relief and predominantly ephemeral stream channels. These were substantial issues that presented challenges for effective GIS/model integration.

Hamerlinck, J.D.; Oakleaf, J.R. [Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

305

An economic assessment of the impact of two crude oil price scenarios on households  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The impact of two possible future crude oil price scenarios -- high and low price cases -- is assessed for three population groups: majority (non-Hispanic and nonblack), black, and Hispanic. The two price scenarios were taken from the energy security'' report published by the US Department of Energy in 1987. Effects of the two crude oil price scenarios for the 1986--95 period are measured for energy demand and composition and for share of income spent on energy by the three population groups at both the national and census-region levels. The effects on blacks are marginally more adverse than on majority householders, while effects on Hispanics are about the same as those on the majority. Little change is seen in percentage of income spent on energy over the forecast period. Both Hispanic and black households would spend a larger share of their incomes on energy than would majority households. The relatively adverse effects in the higher price scenario shift from the South and West Census regions to the Northeast and Midwest. 24 refs., 7 figs., 22 tabs.

Poyer, D.A.; Teotia, A.P.S.; Hemphill, R.C.; Hill, L.G.; Marinelli, J.L.; Rose, K.J.; Santini, D.J.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Life cycle assessment of TV sets in China: A case study of the impacts of CRT monitors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Along with the rapid increase in both production and use of TV sets in China, there is an increasing awareness of the environmental impacts related to the accelerating mass production, electricity use, and waste management of these sets. This paper aims to describe the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) to investigate the environmental performance of Chinese TV sets. An assessment of the TV set device (focusing on the Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) monitor) was carried out using a detailed modular LCA based on the international standards of the ISO 14040 series. The LCA was constructed using SimaPro software version 7.2 and expressed with the Eco-indicator' 99 life cycle impact assessment method. For a sensitivity analysis of the overall LCA results, the CML method was used in order to estimate the influence of the choice of the assessment method on the results. Life cycle inventory information was compiled by Ecoinvent 2.2 databases, combined with literature and field investigations on the current Chinese situation. The established LCA study shows that the use stage of such devices has the highest environmental impact, followed by the manufacturing stage. In the manufacturing stage, the CRT and the Printed Circuit Board (PCB) are those components contributing the most environmental impacts. During the use phase, the environmental impacts are due entirely to the methods of electricity generation used to run them, since no other aspects were taken into account for this phase. The final processing step-the end-of-life stage-can lead to a clear environmental benefit when the TV sets are processed through the formal dismantling enterprises in China.

Song Qingbin [Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau (Macao); Wang Zhishi, E-mail: zswang@umac.mo [Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau (Macao); Li Jinhui; Zeng Xianlai [School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Comparing Environmental Impacts of Additive Manufacturing vs. Traditional Machining via Life-Cycle Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AM"! or!" 3D! printing")! is! revolutionizing! prototyping!impacts! of! 3D! printing! are! not! adequately! Another!impacts! change! from! 3D! printing! to! CNC! milling,! the!

Faludi, Jeremy; Bayley, Cindy; Bhogal, Suraj; Iribarne, Myles

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Air quality resolution for health impact assessment: influence of regional characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We evaluate how regional characteristics of population and background pollution might impact the selection of optimal air quality model resolution when calculating the human health impacts of changes to air quality. Using ...

Thompson, T. M.

309

Uncertainties in NDE Reliability and Assessing the Impact on RI-ISI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A major thrust in the past 20 years has been to upgrade nondestructive examinations (NDE) for use in inservice inspection (ISI) programs to more effectively manage degradation at operating nuclear power plants. Risk-informed ISI (RI-ISI) is one of the outcomes of this work, and this approach relies heavily on the reliability of NDE, when properly applied, to detect sources of expected degradation. There have been a number of improvements in the reliability of NDE, specifically in ultrasonic testing (UT), through training of examiners, and improved equipment and procedure development. However, the most significant improvements in UT were derived by moving from prescriptive requirements to performance based requirements. Even with these substantial improvements, NDE contains significant uncertainties and RI-ISI programs need to address and accommodate this factor. As part of the work that PNNL is conducting for the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, we are examining the impact of these uncertainties on the effectiveness of RI-ISI programs.

Doctor, Steven R.; Anderson, Michael T.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Assessing Impact of Biofuel Production on Regional Water Resource Use and Availability  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Dr. May Wu, ANL, 8/15/12 webinar presentation on the environmental impacts attributable to wastewater from biofuels production.

311

Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact: Implementation of the Wetland Mitigation Bank Program at the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an environmental assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-1205) for the proposed implementation of a wetland mitigation bank program at the Savannah River Site (SRS), located near Aiken, South Carolina. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). Therefore, the preparation of an environmental impact statement (EIS) is not required, and DOE is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) and Floodplain Statement of Findings.

N /A

1999-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

312

Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact: Pond B Dam Repair Project at the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an environmental assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-1285) for the proposed repair of the Pond B dam at the Savannah River Site (SRS), located near Aiken, South Carolina. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). Therefore, the preparation of an environmental impact statement (EIS) is not required, and DOE is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) and Floodplain Statement of Findings.

N /A

1999-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

313

Evaluation of Groundwater Impacts to Support the National Environmental Policy Act Environmental Assessment for the INL Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The groundwater impacts have been analyzed for the proposed RH-LLW disposal facility. A four-step analysis approach was documented and applied. This assessment compared the predicted groundwater ingestion dose to the more restrictive of either the 25 mrem/yr all pathway dose performance objective, or the maximum contaminant limit performance objective. The results of this analysis indicate that the groundwater impacts for either proposed facility location are expected to be less than the performance objectives. The analysis was prepared to support the NEPA-EA for the top two ranking of the proposed RH-LLW sites. As such, site-specific conditions were incorporated for each set of results generated. These site-specific conditions were included to account for the transport of radionuclides through the vadose zone and through the aquifer at each site. Site-specific parameters included the thickness of vadose zone sediments and basalts, moisture characteristics of the sediments, and aquifer velocity. Sorption parameters (Kd) were assumed to be very conservative values used in Track II analysis of CERCLA sites at INL. Infiltration was also conservatively assumed to represent higher rates corresponding to disturbed soil conditions. The results of this analysis indicate that the groundwater impacts for either proposed facility location are expected to be less than the performance objectives.

Annette Schafer; Arthur S. Rood; A. Jeffrey Sondrup

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Evaluation of Groundwater Impacts to Support the National Environmental Policy Act Environmental Assessment for the INL Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The groundwater impacts have been analyzed for the proposed RH-LLW disposal facility. A four-step analysis approach was documented and applied. This assessment compared the predicted groundwater ingestion dose to the more restrictive of either the 25 mrem/yr all pathway dose performance objective, or the maximum contaminant limit performance objective. The results of this analysis indicate that the groundwater impacts for either proposed facility location are expected to be less than the performance objectives. The analysis was prepared to support the NEPA-EA for the top two ranking of the proposed RH-LLW sites. As such, site-specific conditions were incorporated for each set of results generated. These site-specific conditions were included to account for the transport of radionuclides through the vadose zone and through the aquifer at each site. Site-specific parameters included the thickness of vadose zone sediments and basalts, moisture characteristics of the sediments, and aquifer velocity. Sorption parameters (Kd) were assumed to be very conservative values used in Track II analysis of CERCLA sites at INL. Infiltration was also conservatively assumed to represent higher rates corresponding to disturbed soil conditions. The results of this analysis indicate that the groundwater impacts for either proposed facility location are expected to be less than the performance objectives.

Annette Schafer; Arthur S. Rood; A. Jeffrey Sondrup

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Epidemiologic approaches to assessing human cancer risk from consuming aquatic food resources from chemically contaminated water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Epidemiologic approaches to assessing human cancer risk from contaminated waters must confront the problems of long latency and rarity of the end point (cancer). The latency problem makes determination of diet history more difficult, while the low frequency of cancer as an end point reduces the statistical power of the study. These factors are discussed in relation to the study designs most commonly employed in epidemiology. It is suggested that the use of biomarkers for persistent chemicals may be useful to mitigate the difficulty of determining exposure, while the use of more prevalent and timely end points, such as carcinogen-DNA adducts or oncogene proteins, may make the latency and rarity problems more tractable.

Ozonoff, D. (Boston Univ. School of Public Health, MA (United States)); Longnecker, M.P. (UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

A multi-level approach to understanding the impact of cyber crime on the financial sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper puts forward a multi-level model, based on system dynamics methodology, to understand the impact of cyber crime on the financial sector. Consistent with recent findings, our results show that strong dynamic relationships, amongst tangible ... Keywords: Causal loop diagram, Cyber crime, Economic impact, Financial sector, System dynamics

Monica Lagazio, Nazneen Sherif, Mike Cushman

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Quantifying the health and economic impacts of mercury : an integrated assessment approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mercury is a toxic pollutant that endangers human and ecosystem health. Especially potent in the form of methyl mercury, exposure is known to lead to adverse neurological effects, and, a growing body of evidence suggests, ...

Giang, Amanda (Amanda Chi Wen)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Supporting conflict management in collaborative design: An approach to assess engineering change impacts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is characteristic of collaborative engineering design that precedence relationships among design activities contain information flow conflicts. Due to multi-actors interaction, conflicts can emerge from disagreements between designers about proposed ... Keywords: Collaborative process, Conflict management, Design process traceability, Engineering change, Engineering data dependencies, Process coordination strategies

M. Z. Ouertani

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Approaches for assessing the presence and impact of thyroid hormone disrupting chemicals in Delphinid cetaceans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cetacean blubber is a primary site for lipid storage, which the animal utilizes during periods of energetic stress. It is important to understand how the blubber responds to factors such as ontogeny, water temperature, ...

Montie, Eric Wilson

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Economic analysis and assessment of syngas production using a modeling approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Economic analysis and modeling are essential and important issues for the development of current feedstock and process technology for bio-gasification. The objective of this study was to develop an economic model and apply to predict the unit cost of syngas production from a micro-scale bio-gasification facility. An economic model was programmed in C++ computer programming language and developed using a parametric cost approach, which included processes to calculate the total capital costs and the total operating costs. The model used measured economic data from the bio-gasification facility at Mississippi State University. The modeling results showed that the unit cost of syngas production was $1.217 for a 60 Nm-3 h-1 capacity bio-gasifier. The operating cost was the major part of the total production cost. The equipment purchase cost and the labor cost were the largest part of the total capital cost and the total operating cost, respectively. Sensitivity analysis indicated that labor costs rank the top as followed by equipment cost, loan life, feedstock cost, interest rate, utility cost, and waste treatment cost. The unit cost of syngas production increased with the increase of all parameters with exception of loan life. The annual cost regarding equipment, labor, feedstock, waste treatment, and utility cost showed a linear relationship with percent changes, while loan life and annual interest rate showed a non-linear relationship. This study provides the useful information for economic analysis and assessment of the syngas production using a modeling approach.

Kim, Hakkwan; Parajuli, Prem B.; Yu, Fei; Columbus, Eugene P.

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Assessment of Biodiversity Impacts in Swedish Forestry - Attitudes and Experiences in the Product Chain.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Biodiversity is decreasing and is expected to decrease even more in the future. The fundamental roles of biodiversity make this decrease critical and impacts on… (more)

Arn, Kristina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Assessment of the Impacts of Standards and Labeling Programs in Mexico (four products).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

impacts include the avoided cost of production, revenueAmortización MW avoided Avoided cost by generation Cost bymarginal demand, that is, the avoided cost of new generation

Sanchez, Itha; Pulido, Henry; McNeil, Michael A.; Turiel, Isaac; della Cava, Mirka

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

NWCC Guidelines for Assessing the Economic Development Impacts of Wind Power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

OAK-B135 The primary objective of this study is to provide examples of thorough and consistent analysis and documentation of economic impacts from wind power development.

Michael Taylor, Northwest Economic Associates Alan Fox, Northwest Economic Associates Jill Chilton, Northwest Economic Associates NWCC Economic Development Work Group Contributors Steve Clemmer, Lisa Daniels, Ed DeMeo, Rick Halet, Ron Lehr, Michael Milligan Vince Robinson

2002-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

324

Finding of No Significant Impact and Final Environmental Assessment for the Y-12 Potable Water System Upgrade (03/29/06)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT AND FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE Y-12 POTABLE WATER SYSTEM UPGRADE U.S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Y-12 Site Office National Nuclear Security Administration DOE/EA - 1548 March 2006 DOE/EA-1548 Finding of No Significant Impact and Final Environmental Assessment for the Y-12 Potable Water System Upgrade U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration March 2006 Final Environmental Assessment for the Y-12 Potable Water System Upgrade

325

The application of local approach to assess the influence of in-plane constraint on cleavage fracture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The assessment of real or postulated flaws within critical components is conventionally carried out using methods based on single parameter fracture mechanics. For low constraint configurations (e.g. shallow cracks) such methods can provide highly conservative assessments. Two-parameter (J-T, J-Q) fracture mechanics has been developed to quantify the influence of crack-tip constraint on fracture and this development has been incorporated into a modified R6 framework to reduce the conservatisms associated with the assessment of low constraint configurations. This framework requires that the constraint of the structure is quantified (with respect to T or Q) and that the materials fracture response to constraint is measured by testing a number of cracked specimens which sample a range of constraint levels. An alternative method of assessment, which may be used in situations where fracture data are unavailable over the full range of constraint, is the so-called local approach to fracture. In this Paper, the local approach has been used alongside the modified R6 framework to assess the cleavage fracture behavior of a well characterized mild steel plate at {minus}50 C. The local approach method predicts: (i) an upswing in cleavage fracture toughness as a function of decreasing crack-tip constraint which is conservative with respect to the actual materials response, (ii) an increase in the scatter of cleavage fracture toughness as a function of decreasing crack-tip constraint. This is a direct consequence of framing the local approach model within two-parameter Weibull statistics. Finally it is shown that the local approach may be used successfully alongside the modified R6 framework to assess low constraint geometries: resultant failure assessment curves reduce the conservatism of the conventional Option 1 curve.

Sherry, A.H.; Sanderson, D.J.; Lidbury, D.P.G. [AEA Technology, Risley (United Kingdom); Ainsworth, R.A. [Nuclear Electric, Berkeley (United Kingdom); Kikuchi, K. [JAERI, Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Distributional Impacts of Carbon Pricing: A General Equilibrium Approach with Micro-Data for Households  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many policies to limit greenhouse gas emissions have at their core efforts to put a price on carbon emissions. Carbon pricing impacts households both by raising the cost of carbon intensive products and by changing factor ...

Rausch, Sebastian

327

Assessment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Genetic Genetic Variability of Cell Wall Degradability for the Selection of Alfalfa with Improved Saccharification Efficiency Marc-Olivier Duceppe & Annick Bertrand & Sivakumar Pattathil & Jeffrey Miller & Yves Castonguay & Michael G. Hahn & Réal Michaud & Marie-Pier Dubé # Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada 2012 Abstract Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) has a high potential for sustainable bioethanol production, particularly because of its low reliance on N fertilizer. We assessed near-infrared reflec- tance spectroscopy (NIRS) as a high-throughput technique to measure cell wall (CW) degradability in a large number of lignified alfalfa stem samples. We also used a powerful immu- nological approach, glycome profiling, and chemical analyses to increase our knowledge of the composition of CW poly- saccharides of alfalfa stems with various levels

328

Assessing the Impact of Heat Rejection Technology on CSP Plant Revenue: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper explores the impact of cooling technology on revenue for hybrid-cooled plants with varying wet cooling penetration for four representative locations in the American Southwest. The impact of ACC design-point initial temperature difference (ITD - the difference between the condensing steam temperature and ambient dry-bulb) is also included in the analysis.

Wagner, M. J.; Kutscher, C. F.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Assess Potential Agency Size Changes that Impact Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Significant changes in agency size and operations can impact future energy demand and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at an agency, program, and worksite level. It is recommended that agencies estimate the impact of the following types of changes may have on energy demand.

330

Economic costs and environmental impacts of alternative fuel vehicle fleets in local government: An interim assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic costs and environmental impacts of alternative fuel vehicle fleets in local government. This paper examines the cost effectiveness and environmental impact of the conversion of a 180 plus vehicle of Civil and Materials Engineering, and Institute for Environmental Science and Policy, University

Illinois at Chicago, University of

331

Tools for sustainability impact assessment of forestry policies: what role for social science?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

constructive way forward... is likely to involve a careful tailoring of different forms of appraisal by: ZALF, Germany #12;Impacts of CAP reform #12;SENSOR: Institutional analysis of European Commission modelling of policy impacts #12;-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 Cultural Health and Recreation Provision of work Land Use

332

The Application of Traits-Based Assessment Approaches to Estimate the Effects of Hydroelectric Turbine Passage on Fish Populations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the most important environmental issues facing the hydropower industry is the adverse impact of hydroelectric projects on downstream fish passage. Fish that migrate long distances as part of their life cycle include not only important diadromous species (such as salmon, shads, and eels) but also strictly freshwater species. The hydropower reservoirs that downstream-moving fish encounter differ greatly from free-flowing rivers. Many of the environmental changes that occur in a reservoir (altered water temperature and transparency, decreased flow velocities, increased predation) can reduce survival. Upon reaching the dam, downstream-migrating fish may suffer increased mortality as they pass through the turbines, spillways and other bypasses, or turbulent tailraces. Downstream from the dam, insufficient environmental flow releases may slow downstream fish passage rates or decrease survival. There is a need to refine our understanding of the relative importance of causative factors that contribute to turbine passage mortality (e.g., strike, pressure changes, turbulence) so that turbine design efforts can focus on mitigating the most damaging components. Further, present knowledge of the effectiveness of turbine improvements is based on studies of only a few species (mainly salmon and American shad). These data may not be representative of turbine passage effects for the hundreds of other fish species that are susceptible to downstream passage at hydroelectric projects. For example, there are over 900 species of fish in the United States. In Brazil there are an estimated 3,000 freshwater fish species, of which 30% are believed to be migratory (Viana et al. 2011). Worldwide, there are some 14,000 freshwater fish species (Magurran 2009), of which significant numbers are susceptible to hydropower impacts. By comparison, in a compilation of fish entrainment and turbine survival studies from over 100 hydroelectric projects in the United States, Winchell et al. (2000) found useful turbine passage survival data for only 30 species. Tests of advanced hydropower turbines have been limited to seven species - Chinook and coho salmon, rainbow trout, alewife, eel, smallmouth bass, and white sturgeon. We are investigating possible approaches for extending experimental results from the few tested fish species to predict turbine passage survival of other, untested species (Cada and Richmond 2011). In this report, we define the causes of injury and mortality to fish tested in laboratory and field studies, based on fish body shape and size, internal and external morphology, and physiology. We have begun to group the large numbers of unstudied species into a small number of categories, e.g., based on phylogenetic relationships or ecological similarities (guilds), so that subsequent studies of a few representative species (potentially including species-specific Biological Index Testing) would yield useful information about the overall fish community. This initial effort focused on modifying approaches that are used in the environmental toxicology field to estimate the toxicity of substances to untested species. Such techniques as the development of species sensitivity distributions (SSDs) and Interspecies Correlation Estimation (ICE) models rely on a considerable amount of data to establish the species-toxicity relationships that can be extended to other organisms. There are far fewer studies of turbine passage stresses from which to derive the turbine passage equivalent of LC{sub 50} values. Whereas the SSD and ICE approaches are useful analogues to predicting turbine passage injury and mortality, too few data are available to support their application without some form of modification or simplification. In this report we explore the potential application of a newer, related technique, the Traits-Based Assessment (TBA), to the prediction of downstream passage mortality at hydropower projects.

Cada, Glenn F [ORNL; Schweizer, Peter E [ORNL

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

A STRUCTURAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF FLAWS DETECTED DURING ULTRASONIC EXAMINATION OF TANK 15  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultrasonic (UT) inspection of Tank 15 was conducted between April and July 2007 in accordance with the Tank 15 UT inspection plan. This was a planned re-inspection of this tank, the previous one was performed in 2002. Ten cracks were characterized in the previous examination. The re-inspection was performed to verify the present models and understanding for stress corrosion cracking. During this re-examination, one indication that was initially reported as a 'possible perpendicular crack <25% through wall' in 2002, was clearly shown not to be a crack. Additionally, examination of a new area immediately adjacent to other cracks along a vertical weld revealed three new cracks. It is not known when these new cracks formed as they could very well have been present in 2002 as well. Therefore, a total of twelve cracks were evaluated during the re-examination. A critical review of the information describing stress corrosion crack behavior for the SRS waste tanks, as well as a summary review of the service history of Tank 15, was performed. Each crack was then evaluated for service exposure history, consistency of the crack behavior with the current understanding of stress corrosion cracking, and present and future impact to the structural integrity of the tank. Crack instability calculations were performed on each crack for a bounding waste removal loading condition in Tank 15. In all cases, the crack behavior was determined to be consistent with the previous understanding of stress corrosion cracking in the SRS waste tank environment. The length of the cracks was limited due to the short-range nature of the residual stresses near seam, repair and attachment welds. Of the twelve cracks, nine were located in the vapor space above the sludge layer, including the three new cracks. Comparison of the crack lengths measured in 2002 and 2007 revealed that crack growth had occurred in four of the six previously measured vapor space cracks. However, the growth remained within the residual stress zone. None of the three cracks beneath the sludge showed evidence of growth. The impact of the cracks that grew on the future service of Tank 15 was also assessed. Tank 15 is expected to undergo closure activities including sludge waste removal. A bounding loading condition for waste removal of the sludge at the bottom of Tank 15 was considered for this analysis. The analysis showed that the combination of hydrostatic, seismic, pump and weld residual stresses are not expected to drive any of the cracks identified during the Tank 15 UT inspection to instability. Wall thickness mapping for general thinning and pitting was also performed. No significant wall thinning was observed. The average wall thickness values were well above nominal. Two isolated pit-like indications were observed. Both were approximately 30 mils deep. However, the remaining wall thickness was still greater than nominal specified for the original construction plate material. It was recommended that a third examination of selected cracks in Tank 15 be performed in 2014. This examination would provide information to determine whether any additional detectable degradation is occurring in Tank 15 and to supplement the basis for characterization of conditions that are non-aggressive to tank corrosion damage. The in-service inspection program is re-evaluated on a three year periodicity. The Type I and II tanks are not active receipt tanks at present, and are therefore not a part of the In-Service Inspection Program for the Type III Tanks [1]. Changes to the mission for Tank 15 and other Type I and II tanks may be considered by the In-Service Inspection Review Committee (ISIRC) and the program adjusted accordingly.

Wiersma, B; James Elder, J

2008-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

334

Impacts Analyses Supporting the National Environmental Policy Act Environmental Assessment for the Resumption of Transient Testing Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document contains the analysis details and summary of analyses conducted to evaluate the environmental impacts for the Resumption of Transient Fuel and Materials Testing Program. It provides an assessment of the impacts for the two action alternatives being evaluated in the environmental assessment. These alternatives are (1) resumption of transient testing using the Transient Reactor Test Facility (TREAT) at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and (2) conducting transient testing using the Annular Core Research Reactor (ACRR) at Sandia National Laboratory in New Mexico (SNL/NM). Analyses are provided for radiologic emissions, other air emissions, soil contamination, and groundwater contamination that could occur (1) during normal operations, (2) as a result of accidents in one of the facilities, and (3) during transport. It does not include an assessment of the biotic, cultural resources, waste generation, or other impacts that could result from the resumption of transient testing. Analyses were conducted by technical professionals at INL and SNL/NM as noted throughout this report. The analyses are based on bounding radionuclide inventories, with the same inventories used for test materials by both alternatives and different inventories for the TREAT Reactor and ACRR. An upper value on the number of tests was assumed, with a test frequency determined by the realistic turn-around times required between experiments. The estimates provided for impacts during normal operations are based on historical emission rates and projected usage rates; therefore, they are bounding. Estimated doses for members of the public, collocated workers, and facility workers that could be incurred as a result of an accident are very conservative. They do not credit safety systems or administrative procedures (such as evacuation plans or use of personal protective equipment) that could be used to limit worker doses. Doses estimated for transportation are conservative and are based on transport of the bounding radiologic inventory that will be contained in any given test. The transportation analysis assumes all transports will contain the bounding inventory.

Annette L. Schafer; LLoyd C. Brown; David C. Carathers; Boyd D. Christensen; James J. Dahl; Mark L. Miller; Cathy Ottinger Farnum; Steven Peterson; A. Jeffrey Sondrup; Peter V. Subaiya; Daniel M. Wachs; Ruth F. Weiner

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Environmental impact assessment of radionuclides and trace elements at the Kurday U mining site, Kazakhstan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Kurday uranium mining site in Kazakhstan operated from 1954 to 1965 as part of the USSR nuclear weapon programme. To assess the environmental impact of radionuclides and trace elements associated with the Kurday mining site, field expeditions were performed in 2006. In addition to in situ gamma and 220Rn dose rate measurements, sampling included at site fractionation of water as well as sampling of water, fish, sediment, soils and vegetation. The concentrations of U and associated trace metals were enriched in the Pit Lake and in the artesian water (U exceeding the WHO guideline value for drinking water), and decreased downstream from the mining area. Uranium, As, Mo and Ni were predominantly present as mobile low molecular mass species in waters, while a significant proportion of Cr, Mn and Fe were associated with colloids and particles. Due to oxidation of divalent iron in the artesian ground water upon contact with air, Fe served as scavenger for other elements, and peak concentrations of U-, Ra-isotopes, As and Mn were seen. Most radionuclides and trace elements were contained in minerals in soils and sediments, and good correlations were obtained between U and As, Cd, Mo and 226Ra. Based on sequential extractions, a significant fraction of U, Pb and Cd could be considered mobile. Radioactive particles carrying significant amount of trace metals may represent a hazard during strong wind events. The transfer of radionuclides and metals from soils or sediments to water was in general low. The Kd levels varied with the element in question, ranging from 0.5 to 3 × 102 L/kg d.w. for 238U being relatively mobile, 103 for 226Ra, As, Cd, Ni, to 104 L/kg d.w. for Cu, Cr and Pb being rather inert The transfer of radionuclides and metals from soils to vegetation (TF) was low, while higher if the transfer to vegetation, especially underwater mosses, occurred via water (e.g., BCF 37 L/kg w.w. for 238U and 3 × 103 L/kg w.w. for 226Ra). The transfer of Cd, Pb and As from water to fish liver (BCF) was rather high, showing \\{BCFs\\} in the range of 102–103 L/kg w.w., and may, if eaten, represent a health risk. Furthermore, the high Hg level in fish filet reaching 0.3 mg/kg w.w. muscle and the tendency of biomagnification call for dietary restrictions. Total gamma and Rn dose rate to man amounted to about 6 mSv/y, while the highest calculated dose rate for non-human species based on the ERICA Assessment Tool were obtained in aquatic plants, with calculated mean doses of 700 ?Gy/hr, mostly due to the U exposure. Overall, it is concluded that measures such as restricted access to the Pit Lake as well as dietary restrictions with respect to drinking water and intake of fish should be taken to reduce the environmental risk to man and biota.

B. Salbu; M. Burkitbaev; G. Strømman; I. Shishkov; P. Kayukov; B. Uralbekov; B.O. Rosseland

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Transportation radiological risk assessment for the programmatic environmental impact statement: An overview of methodologies, assumptions, and input parameters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy is considering a broad range of alternatives for the future configuration of radioactive waste management at its network of facilities. Because the transportation of radioactive waste is an integral component of the management alternatives being considered, the estimated human health risks associated with both routine and accident transportation conditions must be assessed to allow a complete appraisal of the alternatives. This paper provides an overview of the technical approach being used to assess the radiological risks from the transportation of radioactive wastes. The approach presented employs the RADTRAN 4 computer code to estimate the collective population risk during routine and accident transportation conditions. Supplemental analyses are conducted using the RISKIND computer code to address areas of specific concern to individuals or population subgroups. RISKIND is used for estimating routine doses to maximally exposed individuals and for assessing the consequences of the most severe credible transportation accidents. The transportation risk assessment is designed to ensure -- through uniform and judicious selection of models, data, and assumptions -- that relative comparisons of risk among the various alternatives are meaningful. This is accomplished by uniformly applying common input parameters and assumptions to each waste type for all alternatives. The approach presented can be applied to all radioactive waste types and provides a consistent and comprehensive evaluation of transportation-related risk.

Monette, F.; Biwer, B.; LePoire, D.; Chen, S.Y.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

The Western Airborne Contaminant Assessment Project (WACAP): An Interdisciplinary Evaluation of the Impacts of Airborne Contaminants in Western U.S. National Parks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Western Airborne Contaminant Assessment Project (WACAP): An Interdisciplinary Evaluation of the Impacts of Airborne Contaminants in Western U.S. National Parks ... U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado ...

Dixon H. Landers; Staci Massey Simonich; Daniel Jaffe; Linda Geiser; Donald H. Campbell; Adam Schwindt; Carl Schreck; Michael Kent; Will Hafner; Howard E. Taylor; Kimberly Hageman; Sascha Usenko; Luke Ackerman; Jill Schrlau; Neil Rose; Tamara Blett; Marilyn Morrison Erway

2010-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

338

Coal mining and the resource community cycle: A longitudinal assessment of the social impacts of the Coppabella coal mine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two social impact assessment (SIA) studies of Central Queensland's Coppabella coal mine were undertaken in 2002-2003 and 2006-2007. As ex post studies of actual change, these provide a reference point for predictive assessments of proposed resource extraction projects at other sites, while the longitudinal element added by the second study illustrates how impacts associated with one mine may vary over time due to changing economic and social conditions. It was found that the traditional coupling of local economic vitality and community development to the life cycle of resource projects - the resource community cycle - was mediated by labour recruitment and social infrastructure policies that reduced the emphasis on localised employment and investment strategies. and by the cumulative impacts of multiple mining projects within relative proximity to each other. The resource community cycle was accelerated and local communities forced to consider ways of attracting secondary investment and/or alternative industries early in the operational life of the Coppabella mine in order to secure significant economic benefits and to guard against the erosion of social capital and the ability to cope with future downturns in the mining sector.

Lockie, S.; Franettovich, M.; Petkova-Timmer, V.; Rolfe, J.; Ivanova, G. [CQUniversity of Australia, Rockhampton, Qld. (Australia). Inst. of Health & Social Science Research

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

Finding of No Significant Impact and Final Environmental Assessment for the Y-12 Steam Plant Life Extenstion Project - Steam Plant Replacement Subproject  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

93 93 Finding of No Significant Impact and Final Environmental Assessment for the Y-12 Steam Plant Life Extension Project - Steam Plant Replacement Subproject U.S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Y-12 Site Office National Nuclear Security Administration August 2007 DOE/EA-1593 Finding of No Significant Impact and Final Environmental Assessment for the Y-12 Steam Plant Life Extension Project - Steam Plant Replacement Subproject U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration

340

Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED Lighting Products  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This March 28, 2013 webcast reviewed DOE's recently completed three-part study of the life-cycle energy and environmental impacts of LED lighting products relative to incandescent and CFL...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Key Elements in a Framework for Land Use Impact Assessment Within LCA (11 pp)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Land use by agriculture, forestry, mining, house-building or industry leads to substantial impacts, particularly on biodiversity and on soil quality as a supplier of life support functions. Unfortunately ther...

Llorenç Milà i Canals; Christian Bauer…

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Impact of Virioplankton on Archaeal and Bacterial Community Richness as Assessed in Seawater Batch Cultures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Sigmon. 1999. Activity of marine bacteria under incubated and...cooccurring phages enables marine Synechococcus communities to...Herndl. 2001. Impact of UV radiation on bacterioplankton community...2003. Bicarbonate uptake by marine Crenarchaeota. FEMS Microbiol...

Christian Winter; Arjan Smit; Gerhard J. Herndl; Markus G. Weinbauer

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Environmental impact assessment of commercial aircraft operations in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this thesis was to evaluate the environmental trade-offs inherent in multi-criteria objectives of an integrated environmental policy. A probabilistic multi-attribute impact pathway analysis (MAIPA) was ...

Lukachko, Stephen P. (Stephen Paul)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Assessing the regional impacts of Mexico City emissions on air quality and chemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of Mexico City (MCMA) emissions is examined by studying its effects on air quality, photochemistry, and on ozone production regimes by combining model products and aircraft observations from the MILAGRO experiment ...

Mena-Carrasco, Marcelo

345

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing health impacts Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in a study intended... or management analysis unrelated to improved health or health care (e.g., the impact of the health-care industry... into ... Source: MacMillan, Andrew -...

346

Assessing the Socio-Economic Impacts of Mining: Case Study of the Landau Colliery, South Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter analyses the socio-economic impacts of the Landau Colliery in South Africa, an operation of Anglo Coal. The aim is to contribute to an ... low and middle income countries can enhance socio-economic d...

Anthony Dane

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Siting of Subsidized Housing in Neighborhoods: Assessing Economic, Neighborhood, and Social Equity Impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inequitable opportunities for subsidized households through pushing them into the vicious circle of residential segregation and inequality. This paper also explores impacts of the LIHTC program on nearby property values and neighborhood stability...

Woo, Ayoung

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

348

Status Update on Action 2c: Criteria Review and Approach Document (CRAD) for Performing Assessments of Activity-level Work Planning and Control  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Slide Presentation by Bradley K. Davy, Director, Office of Worker Safety and Health Assistance, HS. Criteria Review and Approach Document (CRAD) for Performing Assessments of Activity- Level Work Planning and Control. DOE CRAD Development Approach.

349

MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO AUTOMOBILE DRIVING COMFORT: THE INFLUENCE OF VISUAL SETTING ON ASSESSMENTS OF VIBRO-ACOUSTIC COMFORT IN SIMULATORS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO AUTOMOBILE DRIVING COMFORT: THE INFLUENCE OF VISUAL SETTING ON ASSESSMENTS of an automobile cabin. Incorporating a visual scene with vibration and sound stimuli is one possible way to make the situation appear more realistic? Most of the studies available on automobile driving comfort

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

350

Final report on the use of the modular-logic-nomenclature approach for the N-reactor probabilistic risk assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The N-Reactor probabilistic risk assessment adaption of the modular logic approach for fault tree modeling has led to the update of the master logic diagram (MLD) nomenclature to conform with a standard modular-logic-model-nomeclature format. This report describes the MLD nomenclature system and provides a listing of the updated MLD label codes, along with the original codes.

NONE

1986-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

351

Radon releases from Australian uranium mining and milling projects: assessing the UNSCEAR approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The release of radon gas and progeny from the mining and milling of uranium-bearing ores has long been recognised as a potential radiological health hazard. The standards for exposure to radon and progeny have decreased over time as the understanding of their health risk has improved. In recent years there has been debate on the long-term releases (10,000 years) of radon from uranium mining and milling sites, focusing on abandoned, operational and rehabilitated sites. The primary purpose has been estimates of the radiation exposure of both local and global populations. Although there has been an increasing number of radon release studies over recent years in the USA, Australia, Canada and elsewhere, a systematic evaluation of this work has yet to be published in the international literature. This paper presents a detailed compilation and analysis of Australian studies. In order to quantify radon sources, a review of data on uranium mining and milling wastes in Australia, as they influence radon releases, is presented. An extensive compilation of the available radon release data is then assembled for the various projects, including a comparison to predictions of radon behaviour where available. An analysis of cumulative radon releases is then developed and compared to the UNSCEAR approach. The implications for the various assessments of long-term releases of radon are discussed, including aspects such as the need for ongoing monitoring of rehabilitation at uranium mining and milling sites and life-cycle accounting.

Gavin M. Mudd

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Integrating Human Indoor Air Pollutant Exposure within Life Cycle Impact Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Chemicals with LCA: The Examples of Trichloroethylene andin Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), may result in product orand outdoor exposure in LCA, within the UNEP/SETAC Life

Hellweg, Stefanie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

The role of Life Cycle Assessment in identifying and reducing environmental impacts of CCS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cockerill T. 2008. Life cycle GHG assessment of fossil fuelreduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and avoid unintendedemission reduction, and the net GHG emission reduction. We

Sathre, Roger

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

The role of Life Cycle Assessment in identifying and reducing environmental impacts of CCS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Power Plant.Analysis: Natural Gas Combined Cycle (NGCC) Power Plant.assessment of natural gas combined cycle power plant with

Sathre, Roger

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

A method of assessment of environmental impacts on remote campsites at Lake Ouachita  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Scope of Investigation This study examined recreational activity and the resulting changes in the environment (impacts) at a water based recreation area. The findings of this study are~ generalizable only to areas where conditions, both physically.... Scope of Investigation This study examined recreational activity and the resulting changes in the environment (impacts) at a water based recreation area. The findings of this study are~ generalizable only to areas where conditions, both physically...

Kuhl, Jeffrey James

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

356

An assessment of the potential environmental impact of electric and hybrid-electric vehicles in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Automobile Emissions. . . . . . . . Emission Control Technologies IMPACT STUDY DESCRIPTION Impact Study Methodology Scope of Study RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Baseline Scenario (Tier I) Emissions . CAL-ZEV Program Scenario . CAL-LEV Program Scenario. NLEV... . . . Implementation Schedule for CAL-LEV Program. . . . . Implementation Schedule for Massachusetts and New York. . . Implementation Schedule for Connecticut Emission Benefits from NLEV Program. . Results of the NLEV Program for Dallas and Houston . . . Power...

Kim, Jung-Woo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

357

Assessing health impacts of CO2 leakage from a geological storage site into buildings: role of attenuation in the unsaturated zone and building foundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a) Title Assessing health impacts of CO2 leakage from a geological storage site into buildings of the greenhouse gas CO2 has the potential to be a widespread and effective option to mitigate climate change. As any industrial activity, CO2 storage may lead to adverse impact on human health and the environment

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

358

Review of Evaluation, Measurement and Verification Approaches Used to Estimate the Load Impacts and Effectiveness of Energy Efficiency Programs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LBNL-3277E LBNL-3277E ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Review of Evaluation, Measurement and Verification Approaches Used to Estimate the Load Impacts and Effectiveness of Energy Efficiency Programs Mike Messenger*, Ranjit Bharvirkar*, Bill Golemboski*, Charles A. Goldman**, Steven R. Schiller*** *Itron, Inc., **Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, ***Schiller Consulting, Inc. Environmental Energy Technologies Division April 2010 The work described in this report was funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE); Permitting, Siting, and Analysis Division of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United

359

An assessment of the quality and educational adequacy of educational facilities and their perceived impact on the learning environment as reported by middle school administrators and teachers in Humble Independent School District, Humble, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an assessment of the impact that these facilities have on the learning environment. This study also assesses the quality and adequacy of these middle school facilities through a purely quantitative evaluation conducted by an unbiased assessment team. Humble ISD...

Monk, Douglas Matthew

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

360

Volume 9: A Review of Socioeconomic Impacts of Oil Shale Development WESTERN OIL SHALE DEVELOPMENT: A TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of an oil shale industry in northwestern Colorado and northeastern Utah has been forecast at various times since early this century, but the comparatively easy accessibility of other oil sources has forestalled development. Decreasing fuel supplies, increasing energy costs, and the threat of a crippling oil embargo finally may launch a commercial oil shale industry in this region. Concern for the possible impacts on the human environment has been fostered by experiences of rapid population growth in other western towns that have hosted energy resource development. A large number of studies have attempted to evaluate social and economic impacts of energy development and to determine important factors that affect the severity of these impacts. These studies have suggested that successful management of rapid population growth depends on adequate front-end capital for public facilities, availability of housing, attention to human service needs, long-range land use and fiscal planning. This study examines variables that affect the socioeconomic impacts of oil shale development. The study region is composed of four Colorado counties: Mesa, Moffat, Garfield and Rio Blanco. Most of the estimated population of 111 000 resides in a handful of urban areas that are separated by large distances and rugged terrain. We have projected the six largest cities and towns and one planned company town (Battlement Mesa) to be the probable centers for potential population impacts caused by development of an oil shale industry. Local planners expect Battlement Mesa to lessen impacts on small existing communities and indeed may be necessary to prevent severe regional socioeconomic impacts. Section II describes the study region and focuses on the economic trends and present conditions in the area. The population impacts analyzed in this study are contingent on a scenario of oil shale development from 1980-90 provided by the Department of Energy and discussed in Sec. III. We recognize that the rate of development, the magnitude of development, and the technology mix that will actually take place remain uncertain. Although we emphasize that other energy and mineral resources besides oil shale may be developed, the conclusions reached in this study reflect only those impacts that would be felt from the oil shale scenario. Socioeconomic impacts in the region reflect the uneven growth rate implied by the scenario and will be affected by the timing of industry developments, the length and magnitude of the construction phase of development, and the shift in employment profiles predicted in the scenario. The facilities in the southern portion of the oil shale region, those along the Colorado River and Parachute Creek, show a peak in the construction work force in the mid-1980s, whereas those f acil it i es in the Piceance Creek Bas into the north show a construction peak in the late 1980s. Together, the facilities will require a large construction work force throughout the decade, with a total of 4800 construction workers required in 1985. Construction at the northern sites and second phase construction in the south will require 6000 workers in 1988. By 1990, the operation work force will increase to 7950. Two important characteristics of oil shale development emerge from the work force estimates: (1) peak-year construction work forces will be 90-120% the size of the permanent operating work force; and (2) the yearly changes in total work force requirements will be large, as much as 900 in one year at one facility. To estimate population impacts on individual communities, we devised a population distribution method that is described in Sec. IV. Variables associated with the projection of population impacts are discussed and methodologies of previous assessments are compared. Scenario-induced population impacts estimated by the Los Alamos method are compared to projections of a model employed by the Colorado West Area Council of Governments. Oil shale development in the early decade, as defined by the scenario, will produce growth primarily

Rotariu,, G. J.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Comparative environmental impact and efficiency assessment of selected hydrogen production methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The environmental impacts of various hydrogen production processes are evaluated and compared, considering several energy sources and using life cycle analysis. The results indicate that hydrogen produced by thermochemical water decomposition cycles are more environmentally benign options compared to conventional steam reforming of natural gas. The nuclear based four-step Cu–Cl cycle has the lowest global warming potential (0.559 kg CO2-eq per kg hydrogen production), mainly because it requires the lowest quantity of energy of the considered processes. The acidification potential results show that biomass gasification has the highest impact on environment, while wind based electrolysis has the lowest. The relation is also investigated between efficiency and environmental impacts.

Ahmet Ozbilen; Ibrahim Dincer; Marc A. Rosen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

New Pilot Study on Sea Level Rise Offers Approach That Can Help...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pilot Study on Sea Level Rise Offers Approach That Can Help Communities Assess Possible Impact of Sea Level Rise on Energy Assets New Pilot Study on Sea Level Rise Offers Approach...

363

Toward a Life Cycle-Based, Diet-level Framework for Food Environmental Impact and Nutritional Quality Assessment: A Critical Review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life cycle assessment (LCA) has been used effectively to evaluate the environmental impacts of food production value chains and to identify opportunities for targeted improvement strategies. ... Additional research needs include development of regionally specific life cycle inventory databases for food and agriculture and expansion of the scope of assessments beyond the current focus on greenhouse gas emissions. ...

Martin C. Heller; Gregory A. Keoleian; Walter C. Willett

2013-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

364

Assessment of Future Vehicle Transportation Options and their Impact on the Electric Grid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Future Vehicle Transportation Future Vehicle Transportation Options and Their Impact on the Electric Grid January 10, 2010 New Analysis of Alternative Transportation Technologies 3 What's New? * Additional Alternative Transportation Vehicles - Compressed Air Vehicles (CAVs) * Use electricity from the grid to power air compressor that stores compressed air - Natural Gas Vehicles (NGVs) * Connection to grid is in competing demand for fuel * Still an internal combustion engine (ICE) - Hydrogen Vehicles * Use fuel cell technology, no connection to electricity grid 4 General Takeaways * CAVs - Unproven technology - Poor environmental performance - High cost * NGVs - Poor environmental performance - Lack of refueling infrastructure - Cheaper fuel cost than ICEs - No direct impact on electric power grid * Hydrogen - Unproven technology

365

Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact: Wind Energy Center Edgeley/Kulm Project, North Dakota  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proposed Edgeley/Kulm Project is a 21-megawatt (MW) wind generation project proposed by Florida Power and Light (FPL) Energy North Dakota Wind LLC (Dakota Wind) and Basin Electric Power Cooperative (Basin). The proposed windfarm would be located in La Moure County, south central North Dakota, near the rural farming communities of Kulm and Edgeley. The proposed windfarm is scheduled to be operational by the end of 2003. Dakota Wind and other project proponents are seeking to develop the proposed Edgeley/Kulm Project to provide utilities and, ultimately, electric energy consumers with electricity from a renewable energy source at the lowest possible cost. A new 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission line would be built to transmit power generated by the proposed windfarm to an existing US Department of Energy Western Area Power Administration (Western) substation located near Edgeley. The proposed interconnection would require modifying Western's Edgeley Substation. Modifying the Edgeley Substation is a Federal proposed action that requires Western to review the substation modification and the proposed windfarm project for compliance with Section 102(2) of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969, 42 U.S.C. 4332, and Department of Energy NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR Part 1021). Western is the lead Federal agency for preparation of this Environmental Assessment (EA). The US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) is a cooperating agency with Western in preparing the EA. This document follows regulation issued by the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) for implementing procedural provisions of NEPA (40 CFR 1500-1508), and is intended to disclose potential impacts on the quality of the human environment resulting from the proposed project. If potential impacts are determined to be significant, preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement would be required. If impacts are determined to be insignificant, Western would complete a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI). Environmental protection measures that would be included in the design of the proposed project are included.

N /A

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

Assessing the impact of marine wind farms on birds through movement modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...post-construction of the Danish Nysted offshore wind farm were used to parameterize competing...Somateria mollissima |Nysted offshore wind farm| 1. Introduction Many countries...post-construction assessment of an offshore wind farm, and to quantitatively describe...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Impact assessment of nuclear and thermal power plants on zooplankton in cooling ponds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current state of assessment of nuclear and thermal power plant toxic effects on zooplankton entrained in ... particular emphasis is given to specific features of cooling reservoirs and their ecosystems. Compl...

N. V. Kartasheva; D. V. Fomin; A. V. Popov…

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

System level assessment of uncertainty in aviation environmental policy impact analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis demonstrates the assessment of uncertainty of a simulation model at the system level, which takes into account the interaction between the modules that comprise the system. Results from this system level ...

Liem, Rhea Patricia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Pilot plant assessment of blend properties and their impact on critical power plant components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of tests were performed to determine the effects of blending eastern bituminous coals with western subbituminous coals on utility boiler operation. Relative to the baseline bituminous coal, the testing reported here indicated that there were significant impacts to boiler performance due to the blending of the eastern and western coals. Results indicated that fuel blending can be used to adequately control flue gas emissions of both SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} at the expense of reduced milling efficiency, increased sootblowing in the high-temperature and low-temperature regions of the boiler and, to a lesser extent, decreased collection efficiency for an electrostatic precipitator. The higher reactivity of the subbituminous coal increased the overall combustion efficiency, which may tend to decrease the impact of milling efficiency losses. The extent of these impacts was directly related to the percentage of subbituminous coal in the blends. At the lowest blend ratios of subbituminous coal, the impacts were greatly reduced.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Title of Project: Systemwide Information for Transportation Assessment: Economic Impacts and ITS Deployment Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Northeastern Illinois area are to improve safety, improve service level (efficiency), reduce energy Deployment Planning Sponsors: Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) and Federal Highway Administration plans with a complete economic impact. Using this tool, the six-county Northeastern Illinois region

Illinois at Chicago, University of

371

Assess Potential Changes in Business Travel that Impact Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

For a Federal agency, changes in the demand for business travel can be difficult to predict. Changes in the nature of the agency's work may have a substantial impact on the demand for business travel. It is therefore important to account for these changes when planning for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction.

372

Life cycle assessment of 50 MW wind firms and strategies for impact reduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The world today is continuously striving toward a carbon neutral clean energy technology. Hence, renewable wind power systems are increasingly receiving the attention of mankind. Energy production with structurally more promising and economically more competitive design is no more the sole criterion while installing new megawatt (MW) range of turbines. Rather important life cycle analysis (LCA) issues like climate change, ozone layer depletion, effect on surrounding environments e.g. eco-system quality, natural resources and human health emerge as dominant factors from green energy point of view. Hence, the study covers life cycle impact analysis (LCIA) of three wind farms: one onshore horizontal, one offshore horizontal, another vertical axis. It appears that vertical axis wind farm generates per unit electricity with lowest impact followed by horizontal offshore and horizontal onshore farms. The study, henceforward, discovers most adverse impact contributing materials in today's multi megawatt wind turbines and subsequently substitutes copper, the topmost impact contributor, with more eco-friendly aluminum alloys and its corresponding process routes. In this process, it reduces overall life cycle impacts up to 30% for future greener wind farms. In later stages, it compares all major electricity production technologies, viz., oil, diesel, coal, natural gas, wind, solar, biomass, nuclear, hydro plant in a common platform which demonstrates the wind farms performing the best except the hydro-kinetic ones. However, as the study suggests, offshore VAWT farm may even perform better than hydro-kinetic farms because of higher capacity factors in the high sea. Findings from the study can be deployed to harness massive scale green electricity from environmentally more clean and green turbines.

A. Rashedi; I. Sridhar; K.J. Tseng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Defining and determining the impact of a freshman engineering student's approach to learning (surface versus deep)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When an engineering student attends four or five years of college to become a professional engineer one makes the assumption that they approach this learning process in such a way to gain the most knowledge possible. The purpose of this study...

Fowler, Debra Anne

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

374

Noise impact assessment by utilizing noise map and GIS: A case study in the city of Chungju, Republic of Korea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, a scheme to develop a noise map and noise impact assessment method using GIS has been suggested. After developing a road-traffic noise map for the city of Chungju, Republic of Korea, noise impact assessment was performed through analyzing the map. A 3-dimensional terrain model was generated using digital maps and building models were prepared using the information from draft and digital maps. To develop a noise evaluation model, a noise-source map for each road was generated. The noise levels at 25 locations close to roads were measured and compared with the expected noise levels to verify the developed noise map. An excess noise map was generated by comparing the road-traffic noise map with a noise-standard map. Using the excess noise map, the areas exceeding environmental noise standards were effectively evaluated through a GIS space analysis. The 3-dimensional facade noise map was generated to calculate the number of people exposed to a certain noise level.

Joon Hee Ko; Seo Il Chang; Byung Chan Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessment integrated approaches Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

composite applications that automate and integrate... , 60 2009 Sofia Service Oriented Architecture of Assessment Model1 Adelina Aleksieva... the principles of Service...

376

Why and How Should We Assess Occupational Health Impacts in Integrated Product Policy?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

However, in an attempt to consider other sustainability criteria and to avoid a shift from environmental health impacts to occupational health impacts one may want to include occupational health in IPP. ... Integrated product policy (IPP) has emerged as an area of intense research and debate among policy makers in order to better consider the “world behind the product” (1) and to deal with the many dimensions of sustainable development (2?4). ... Viscusi and Zeckhauser (20) estimate for 1987 the number of workdays lost due to injuries per million dollars output for a 38 sector model of the United States economy to be 0.1 (real estate) to 1.2 (furniture and fixtures). ...

Patrick Hofstetter; Gregory A. Norris

2003-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

377

Re-assessing the impact of desalination plants brine discharges on eroding beaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sea outfall discharge is a practical way to dispose of brine waste stream from a coastal desalination plant. However, sandy beaches are changing as a result of coastal erosion. Coastline urban developments are the manmade permanent changing of beaches, where the coastlines are being dredged and reclaimed as artificial land. Therefore, if a plant is built and operated with an outfall to satisfy the imposed site's environmental regulation compliance but the beach is subsequently being eroded, what action needs to be done to make sure the imposed criteria that minimize the impact on the marine environment can still be met? A mathematical model is presented that accounts the effect of beach erosion for estimating the brine's outfall adverse impact on the environment.

H.H. Al-Barwani; Anton Purnama

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Identification of Submarine Landslide for Tsunami Hazard Assessment in the Gulf of Mexico Using a Probabilistic Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDENTIFICATION OF SUBMARINE LANDSLIDE FOR TSUNAMI HAZARD ASSESSMENT IN THE GULF OF MEXICO USING A PROBABILISTIC APPROACH A Thesis by LISHA LOHITHAKSHAN PARAMBATH Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2.8 Probability of observed length of landslide having lognormal distribution 13 2.9 GOM location and identification of publicly available borehole data . 16 2.10 Classification and characteristics of soil at transect A, (IODP), red : indicate data...

Lohithakshan Parambath, Lisha

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

379

A Set-Theoretic Framework to Assess the Impact of Variable Generation on the Power Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

´inguez-Garc´ia, Member, IEEE Abstract--The increased penetration of renewable resources, such as wind and solar penetration of renewable resources of electricity, such as wind and solar, into existing power systems. Since to assess whether power system static state vari- ables, i.e., bus voltage magnitudes and angles, remain

Liberzon, Daniel

380

Assessing the impact of feral hog populations on the natural resources of Big Thicket National Preserve  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

second only to white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Since The format and style of this thesis follows Journal of Wildlife Management. * Parts of this chapter, appearing in ?A landscape... harvest data, however, shows a consistent positive increase in growth rate and nearly a ? Part of this chapter is reprinted with permission from ?An assessment of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus...

Chavarria, Pedro Mazier

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Data requirement comparison between the fixed site upgrade rule guidance compendium and the Structured Assessment Approach Licensee Submittal Document  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We compared the Structured Assessment Approach's (SAA) Licensee Submittal Document (LSD) with the Fixed Site Physical Protection Upgrade Rule Guidance Compendium Standard Format and Content (SFC) Guide using correlation matrices to see how well the data requirements of the SFC Guide coincided with those of a specific automated vulnerability assessment technique for fixed-site nuclear fuel cycle facilities, namely, SAA. We found that a limited SAA assessment is possible using the SFC Guide, but significant and critical safeguards vulnerabilities might be missed. Also, it was found that in some cases the organization and format of the SFC Guide input data and information made the preparation of data for the SAA somewhat awkward. 2 refs., 2 tabs.

Parziale, A.A.; Sacks, I.J.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Key criteria for sustainable wind energy planning—lessons from an institutional perspective on the impact assessment literature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An increasing number of researchers stress the importance of national planning institutions? role with respect to promoting an “effective” decision-making process in terms of bringing about sustainable energy. Impact assessment (IA) procedures are seen as having strong potential in supporting environmentally conscious energy production. This article discusses criteria for sustainable wind power planning and compares the centralised planning systems for wind energy in two countries – Norway and Scotland – as illustrating cases. We ask the following: What key criteria should be present to secure sustainable wind energy planning, and what are the critical institutional conditions to fulfil these criteria? A review of relevant IA literature reveals four key criteria for promoting sustainable wind planning: (i) clear and integrated political priorities, (ii) stakeholder involvement, (iii) strategic environmental assessment (SEA) and (iv) stringent permission and assessment requirements. We also determined that critical institutional conditions exist that effectively promote sustainable energy production: (a) coordinated energy policy institutions, (b) legitimate planning procedures, (c) that \\{SEAs\\} are followed in the decision-making process and (d) statutory planning regulations.

Janne Thygesen; Abhishek Agarwal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Project Impact Assessments: Building America FY14 Field Test Technical Support- 2014 BTO Peer Review  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presenter: Lieko Earle, National Renewable Energy Laboratory The goal of this project is for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to provide extensive, hands-on technical support to Building America teams in the areas of experiment design, provision of research-grade measurement hardware, energy modeling, and analysis. Building America’s field tests—regularly conducted by both Building America teams and national laboratories—demonstrate the program’s best house system innovations. The tests enable cost-effective evaluation of real-world performance and help ensure that all Building America field tests result in high-impact findings that push builders and homeowners to higher levels of savings.

384

Replacement of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) at the DOE gaseous diffusion plants: An assessment of global impacts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) formerly operated two gaseous diffusion plants (GDPs) for enriching uranium and maintained a third shutdown GDP. These plants maintain a large inventory of dichlorotetrafluorethane (CFC-114), a cholorofluorocarbon (CFC), as a coolant. The paper evaluates the global impacts of four alternatives to modify GDP coolant system operations for a three-year period beginning in 1996. Interim modification of GDP coolant system operations has the potential to reduce stratospheric ozone depletion from GDP coolant releases while a permanent solution is studied.

Socolof, M.L.; Saylor, R.E.; McCold, L.N.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Integrating Human Indoor Air Pollutant Exposure within Life Cycle Impact Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the work of an international expert group on the integration of human indoor and outdoor exposure in LCA, within the UNEP/SETAC Life Cycle Initiative. ... In a later stage, indoor exposure to radioactive gases such as radon can also be incorporated within the impact category “radiation” in LCIA methods such as Eco-Indicator 99, similarly to the framework shown in this paper. ... The work for this project was carried out on a voluntary basis and financed by in-kind contributions from the home institutions of the authors and scientists mentioned above, which are therefore gratefully acknowledged. ...

Stefanie Hellweg; Evangelia Demou; Raffaella Bruzzi; Arjen Meijer; Ralph K. Rosenbaum; Mark A. J. Huijbregts; Thomas E. McKone

2009-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

386

Impact of approach used to determine removal levels of drugs of abuse during wastewater treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study the levels of 19 drugs of abuse were estimated throughout a wastewater treatment plant using polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCIS), 24 h composite samples and grab samples. Overall removal efficiencies and removals in between each treatment unit were calculated using load data for each sampling technique as well as removals that take into account the hydraulic residence time distribution of the treatment plant (time-shifted mass balancing approach). Amphetamine-type stimulants, cocaine and its major metabolite, benzoylecgonine and opioid levels determined with 24 h composite samples were generally comparable to those obtained with POCIS and grab samples. Negative mass balances resulting from the estimation of overall removal efficiencies by POCIS, day-to-day mass balancing of 24 h composite and grab sample data did not occur when the hydraulic retention time (HRT) distributions of the plant were taken into account for calculation. Among the compounds investigated, cocaine exhibited the highest overall removal (90%) while codeine had the lowest with 13%, respectively. Sampling between the treatment units revealed that highest removal occurs during biological treatment as compared to primary or secondary clarification. Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), fentanyl, dihydrocodeine and heroin were not detected in wastewater at any of the sampling locations at the treatment plant regardless of the sampling technique. The study demonstrates the benefits of applying the time-shifted mass balancing approach to the calculation of removals of drugs of abuse during wastewater treatment.

Angela Rodayan; Marius Majewsky; Viviane Yargeau

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

CFD modeling of two-stage ignition in a rapid compression machine: Assessment of zero-dimensional approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In modeling rapid compression machine (RCM) experiments, zero-dimensional approach is commonly used along with an associated heat loss model. The adequacy of such approach has not been validated for hydrocarbon fuels. The existence of multi-dimensional effects inside an RCM due to the boundary layer, roll-up vortex, non-uniform heat release, and piston crevice could result in deviation from the zero-dimensional assumption, particularly for hydrocarbons exhibiting two-stage ignition and strong thermokinetic interactions. The objective of this investigation is to assess the adequacy of zero-dimensional approach in modeling RCM experiments under conditions of two-stage ignition and negative temperature coefficient (NTC) response. Computational fluid dynamics simulations are conducted for n-heptane ignition in an RCM and the validity of zero-dimensional approach is assessed through comparisons over the entire NTC region. Results show that the zero-dimensional model based on the approach of 'adiabatic volume expansion' performs very well in adequately predicting the first-stage ignition delays, although quantitative discrepancy for the prediction of the total ignition delays and pressure rise in the first-stage ignition is noted even when the roll-up vortex is suppressed and a well-defined homogeneous core is retained within an RCM. Furthermore, the discrepancy is pressure dependent and decreases as compressed pressure is increased. Also, as ignition response becomes single-stage at higher compressed temperatures, discrepancy from the zero-dimensional simulations reduces. Despite of some quantitative discrepancy, the zero-dimensional modeling approach is deemed satisfactory from the viewpoint of the ignition delay simulation. (author)

Mittal, Gaurav [Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325 (United States); Raju, Mandhapati P. [General Motor R and D Tech Center, Warren, MI 48090 (United States); Sung, Chih-Jen [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 (United States)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

388

Integrating Human Indoor Air Pollutant Exposure within Life Cycle Impact Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neglecting health effects from indoor pollutant emissions and exposure, as currently done in Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), may result in product or process optimizations at the expense of workers? or consumers? health. To close this gap, methods for considering indoor exposure to chemicals are needed to complement the methods for outdoor human exposure assessment already in use. This paper summarizes the work of an international expert group on the integration of human indoor and outdoor exposure in LCA, within the UNEP/SETAC Life Cycle Initiative. A new methodological framework is proposed for a general procedure to include human-health effects from indoor exposure in LCA. Exposure models from occupational hygiene and household indoor air quality studies and practices are critically reviewed and recommendations are provided on the appropriateness of various model alternatives in the context of LCA. A single-compartment box model is recommended for use as a default in LCA, enabling one to screen occupational and household exposures consistent with the existing models to assess outdoor emission in a multimedia environment. An initial set of model parameter values was collected. The comparison between indoor and outdoor human exposure per unit of emission shows that for many pollutants, intake per unit of indoor emission may be several orders of magnitude higher than for outdoor emissions. It is concluded that indoor exposure should be routinely addressed within LCA.

Hellweg, Stefanie; Demou, Evangelia; Bruzzi, Raffaella; Meijer, Arjen; Rosenbaum, Ralph K.; Huijbregts, Mark A.J.; McKone, Thomas E.

2008-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

389

Integrated approaches to the optimal design of multiscale systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work is aimed at development of systematic approaches to the design of multiscale systems. Specifically four problems are addressed: environmental impact assessment (EIA) of new and retrofitted industrial processes, integration of process...

Lovelady, Eva Marie

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

Risk assessment for the on-site transportation of radioactive wastes for the U.S. Department of Energy Waste Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the risk assessment performed for the on-site transportation of radioactive wastes in the US Department of Energy (DOE) Waste Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (WM PEIS). Risks for the routine shipment of wastes and the impacts from potential accidental releases are analyzed for operations at the Hanford Site (Hanford) near Richland, Washington. Like other large DOE sites, hanford conducts waste management operations for all wastes types; consequently, the impacts calculated for Hanford are expected to be greater than those for smaller sites. The risk assessment conducted for on-site transportation is intended to provide an estimate of the magnitude of the potential risk for comparison with off-site transportation risks assessed for the WM PEIS.

Biwer, B.M.; Monette, F.A.; Chen, S.Y. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment Div.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessment approaches cementitious Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Keoleian found that due to a lack of calibration across LEED... cycle assessment (LCA) models that are used to both evaluate final system designs and guide iterative Source:...

392

Technology assessment of biomass ethanol : a multi-objective, life cycle approach under uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A methodology is presented for assessing the current and future utilization of agricultural crops as feedstocks for the production of transportation fuels, specifically, the use of corn grain and stover for ethanol production. ...

Johnson, Jeremy C. (Jeremy Clayton)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

The impact of trade costs on rare earth exports : a stochastic frontier estimation approach.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study develops a novel stochastic frontier modeling approach to the gravity equation for rare earth element (REE) trade between China and its trading partners between 2001 and 2009. The novelty lies in differentiating betweenbehind the border' trade costs by China and theimplicit beyond the border costs' of China's trading partners. Results indicate that the significance level of the independent variables change dramatically over the time period. While geographical distance matters for trade flows in both periods, the effect of income on trade flows is significantly attenuated, possibly capturing the negative effects of financial crises in the developed world. Second, the total export losses due tobehind the border' trade costs almost tripled over the time period. Finally, looking atimplicit beyond the border' trade costs, results show China gaining in some markets, although it is likely that some countries are substituting away from Chinese REE exports.

Sanyal, Prabuddha; Brady, Patrick Vane; Vugrin, Eric D.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Microsoft Word - NETL-TRS-4-2012_Integration of Spatial Data to Support Risk and Impact Assessments_20121221.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Integration of Spatial Data to Support Integration of Spatial Data to Support Risk and Impact Assessments for Deep and Ultra-deepwater Hydrocarbon Activities in the Gulf of Mexico 21 December 2012 Office of Fossil Energy NETL-TRS-4-2012 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name,

395

Production of High Purity Hydrogen from Domestic Coal: Assessing the Techno-Economic Impact of Emerging Technologies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Production of High Purity Production of High Purity Hydrogen from Domestic Coal: Assessing the Techno-Economic Impact of Emerging Technologies August 30, 2010 DOE/NETL-2010/1432 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States (U.S.) government. Neither the U.S., nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily

396

Environmental assessment and finding of no significant impact: Biorecycling Technologies, Inc., Noble Biogas and Fertilizer Plant, Fresno County, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is considering a proposal from the California Energy Commission for partial funding up to $1,500,000 of the construction of the biorecycling Technologies, Inc., (BTI) Noble Biogas and Fertilizer Plant in Fresno County, California. BTI along with its contractors and business partners would develop the plant, which would use manure and green waste to produce biogas and a variety of organic fertilizer products. The California Energy Commission has requested funding from the DOE Commercialization Ventures program to assist in the construction of the plant, which would produce up to one megawatt of electricity by burning biogas in a cogeneration unit. The purpose of this environmental assessment (EA) is to provide DOE and the public with information on potential environmental impacts associated with funding development of the proposed project.

NONE

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Burlington Bottoms Wildlife Mitigation Project. Final Environmental Assessment/Management Plan and Finding of No Significant Impact.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) proposes to fund wildlife management and enhancement activities for the Burlington bottoms wetlands mitigation site. Acquired by BPA in 1991, wildlife habitat at Burlington bottoms would contribute toward the goal of mitigation for wildlife losses and inundation of wildlife habitat due to the construction of Federal dams in the lower Columbia and Willamette River Basins. Target wildlife species identified for mitigation purposes are yellow warbler, great blue heron, black-capped chickadee, red-tailed hawk, valley quail, spotted sandpiper, wood duck, and beaver. The Draft Management Plan/Environmental Assessment (EA) describes alternatives for managing the Burlington Bottoms area, and evaluates the potential environmental impacts of the alternatives. Included in the Draft Management Plan/EA is an implementation schedule, and a monitoring and evaluation program, both of which are subject to further review pending determination of final ownership of the Burlington Bottoms property.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Assessment of PNGV fuels infrastructure. Phase 1 report: Additional capital needs and fuel-cycle energy and emissions impacts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the methodologies and results of Argonne`s assessment of additional capital needs and the fuel-cycle energy and emissions impacts of using six different fuels in the vehicles with tripled fuel economy (3X vehicles) that the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles is currently investigating. The six fuels included in this study are reformulated gasoline, low-sulfur diesel, methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether, and hydrogen. Reformulated gasoline, methanol, and ethanol are assumed to be burned in spark-ignition, direct-injection engines. Diesel and dimethyl ether are assumed to be burned in compression-ignition, direct-injection engines. Hydrogen and methanol are assumed to be used in fuel-cell vehicles. The authors have analyzed fuels infrastructure impacts under a 3X vehicle low market share scenario and a high market share scenario. The assessment shows that if 3X vehicles are mass-introduced, a considerable amount of capital investment will be needed to build new fuel production plants and to establish distribution infrastructure for methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether, and hydrogen. Capital needs for production facilities will far exceed those for distribution infrastructure. Among the four fuels, hydrogen will bear the largest capital needs. The fuel efficiency gain by 3X vehicles translates directly into reductions in total energy demand, fossil energy demand, and CO{sub 2} emissions. The combination of fuel substitution and fuel efficiency results in substantial petroleum displacement and large reductions in emissions of nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, sulfur oxide, and particulate matter of size smaller than 10 microns.

Wang, M.; Stork, K.; Vyas, A.; Mintz, M.; Singh, M.; Johnson, L.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Assessment of Future Vehicle Transportation Options and Their Impact on the Electric Grid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Future Vehicle Future Vehicle Transportation Options and Their Impact on the Electric Grid January 10, 2011 DOE/NETL-2010/1466 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,

400

Assess Potential Agency Size Changes that Impact Greenhouse Gases from Vehicles and Mobile Equipment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Planned changes in a Federal agency's size, missions, transportation needs, and vehicle inventory all impact the strategic portfolio planning efforts that target greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions mitigation for vehicles and mobile equipment. Under Section 142 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) and Section 8 of Executive Order (E.O.) 13514, agencies are required to develop a plan that will reduce fleet GHG emissions to meet Federally mandated petroleum reduction and alternative fuel increase targets. Agencies can use these plans as a basis for determining potential changes in fleet size and composition and should attempt to harmonize the ongoing development for these plans with GHG strategic portfolio planning efforts. FEMP's E.O. 13514 Section 12 Federal Fleet Management Guidance for Federal Agencies describes in detail the required plan components and strategies for meeting these requirements.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Rapid assessment of infill drilling potential using a simulation-based inversion approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effort, time and costs. Thus, the method provides a consistent basis for transition from screening studies to conventional reservoir studies.The proposed approach is demonstrated to be more accurate than moving window statistical methods in synthetic...

Gao, Hui

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

402

Assessing Energy Impact of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Significance of Daily Distance Variation over Time and Among Drivers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate assessment of the impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) on petroleum and electricity consumption is a necessary step toward effective policies. Variations in daily vehicle miles traveled (VMT) over time and among drivers affect PHEV energy impact, but the significance is not well understood. This paper uses a graphical illustration, a mathematical derivation, and an empirical study to examine the cause and significance of such an effect. The first two methods reveal that ignoring daily variation in VMT always causes underestimation of petroleum consumption and overestimation of electricity consumption by PHEVs; both biases increase as the assumed PHEV charge-depleting (CD) range moves closer to the average daily VMT. The empirical analysis based on national travel survey data shows that the assumption of uniform daily VMT over time and among drivers causes nearly 68% underestimation of expected petroleum use and nearly 48% overestimation of expected electricity use by PHEVs with a 40-mi CD range (PHEV40s). Also for PHEV40s, consideration of daily variation in VMT over time but not among drivers similar to the way the utility factor curve is derived in SAE Standard SAE J2841 causes underestimation of expected petroleum use by more than 24% and overestimation of expected electricity use by about 17%. Underestimation of petroleum use and overestimation of electricity use increase with larger-battery PHEVs.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Dominance-based rough set approach and analytic network process for assessing urban transformation scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper shows the contribution that two different multiple criteria decision aiding (MCDA) methods could provide in the field of strategic decisions and urban and territorial planning. In particular, the analytic network process and the dominance-based rough set approach have been considered and discussed in the work with reference to their role in supporting such decision-making processes, trying to compare the different contributions given by the two approaches in this specific domain of application.

Francesca Abastante; Marta Bottero; Salvatore Greco; Isabella M. Lami

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Methodological approach towards sustainability by integration of environmental impact in production system models through life cycle analysis: Application to the Rioja wine sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes the integration of life cycle analysis within the production system models as a tool for decision making (whether at the strategic, tactical or operational levels) attending not only economic and technical criteria but also the environmental ... Keywords: decision making, environmental impact, life cycle assessment, modeling and simulation, production systems, sustainability

Emilio Jiménez; Eduardo Martínez; Julio Blanco; Mercedes Pérez; Charmery Graciano

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Assessment of the impact on crops of effluent gases from geothermal energy development in the Imperial Valley, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have assessed the potential impact of regionally dispersed sources of geothermal gaseous effluents on crops in the Imperial Valley. We used a detailed model of the photosynthesis and growth of sugar beets fumigated by H/sub 2/S and CO/sub 2/ and generalized from the model calculations to other crops. Model calculations were made with estimates of time series of expected ground-level concentrations of H/sub 2/S and CO/sub 2/ calculated by the Air Quality Assessment element of the Imperial Valley Environmental Project (IVEP) at 22 locations around the valley. Results indicate that in the absence of interactions with other ambient pollutant gases, all locations would experience an increase (from slight to significant) in total growth of sugar beets. Seven locations will experience an increase of at least 10%. We calculated the emissions rate at which negative effects cancel out the benefits of H/sub 2/S fertilization; in the worst case, emission rates are expected to be no more than 1/13 this crossover rate. The expected emission rate will be less than that necessary for negative effects on the most sensitive species (such as alfalfa) by a factor of 4. Similar results for other crops are summarized in the report. If CO/sub 2/ emissions are increased proportionately, the dominance of deleterious effects is not expected to occur even under maximum development as set forth in IVEP scenario projections. 23 references, 8 figures, 6 tables.

Kercher, J.R.

1981-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

406

Assessment of Aerosol Radiative Impact over Oceanic Regions Adjacent to Indian Subcontinent using Multi-Satellite Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using data from Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instruments, we have retrieved regional distribution of aerosol column single scattering albedo (parameter indicative of the relative dominance of aerosol absorption and scattering effects), a most important, but least understood aerosol property in assessing its climate impact. Consequently we provide improved assessment of short wave aerosol radiative forcing (ARF) (on both regional and seasonal scales) estimates over this region. Large gradients in north-south ARF were observed as a consequence of gradients in single scattering albedo as well as aerosol optical depth. The highest ARF (-37 W m-2 at the surface) was observed over the northern Arabian Sea during June to August period (JJA). In general, ARF was higher over northern Bay of Bengal (NBoB) during winter and pre-monsoon period, whereas the ARF was higher over northern Arabian Sea (NAS) during the monsoon and post- monsoon period. The largest forcing observed over NAS during JJA is the consequence of large amounts of desert dust transported from the west Asian dust sources. High as well as seasonally invariant aerosol single scattering albedos (~0.98) were observed over the southern Indian Ocean region far from continents. The ARF estimates based on direct measurements made at a remote island location, Minicoy (8.3°N, 73°E) in the southern Arabian Sea are in good agreement with the estimates made following multisatellite analysis.

Satheesh, S. K.; Vinoj, V.; Krishnamoorthy, K.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Failure Impact Analysis of Key Management in AMI Using Cybernomic Situational Assessment (CSA)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In earlier work, we presented a computational framework for quantifying the security of a system in terms of the average loss a stakeholder stands to sustain as a result of threats to the system. We named this system, the Cyberspace Security Econometrics System (CSES). In this paper, we refine the framework and apply it to cryptographic key management within the Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) as an example. The stakeholders, requirements, components, and threats are determined. We then populate the matrices with justified values by addressing the AMI at a higher level, rather than trying to consider every piece of hardware and software involved. We accomplish this task by leveraging the recently established NISTR 7628 guideline for smart grid security. This allowed us to choose the stakeholders, requirements, components, and threats realistically. We reviewed the literature and selected an industry technical working group to select three representative threats from a collection of 29 threats. From this subset, we populate the stakes, dependency, and impact matrices, and the threat vector with realistic numbers. Each Stakeholder s Mean Failure Cost is then computed.

Abercrombie, Robert K [ORNL] [ORNL; Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL] [ORNL; Hauser, Katie R [ORNL] [ORNL; Lantz, Margaret W [ORNL] [ORNL; Mili, Ali [New Jersey Insitute of Technology] [New Jersey Insitute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Development of a new technology product evaluation model for assessing commercialization opportunities using Delphi method and fuzzy AHP approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As the number of new products developed by new technologies has increased, the importance of the commercialization of new technology products has become crucial to manufactures in the successful delivery of valuable new products and services. This study classified success factors for commercialization of new products and analyzed which factors should be primarily considered. Based on the literature review and Delphi method, we identified four decision areas and further prioritized the sixteen factors under a hierarchy model structured by fuzzy AHP (analytic hierarchy process) approach. The FAHP is conducted by 111 R&D and business experts working at the world’s major players in machinery industry; using the priorities of success factors derived by FAHP, we devise an example of commercialization assessment model. The paper drives the assessment initiatives of the new product development in manufactures and provides them with practical implications about the commercialization of new technology product.

Jaemin Cho; Jaeho Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Evaluation of Groundwater Impacts to Support the National Environmental Policy Act Environmental Assessment for the INL Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Groundwater impacts have been analyzed for the proposed remote-handled low-level waste disposal facility. The analysis was prepared to support the National Environmental Policy Act environmental assessment for the top two ranked sites for the proposed disposal facility. A four-phase screening and analysis approach was documented and applied. Phase I screening was site independent and applied a radionuclide half-life cut-off of 1 year. Phase II screening applied the National Council on Radiation Protection analysis approach and was site independent. Phase III screening used a simplified transport model and site-specific geologic and hydrologic parameters. Phase III neglected the infiltration-reducing engineered cover, the sorption influence of the vault system, dispersion in the vadose zone, vertical dispersion in the aquifer, and the release of radionuclides from specific waste forms. These conservatisms were relaxed in the Phase IV analysis which used a different model with more realistic parameters and assumptions. Phase I screening eliminated 143 of the 246 radionuclides in the inventory from further consideration because each had a half-life less than 1 year. An additional 13 were removed because there was no ingestion dose coefficient available. Of the 90 radionuclides carried forward from Phase I, 57 radionuclides had simulated Phase II screening doses exceeding 0.4 mrem/year. Phase III and IV screening compared the maximum predicted radionuclide concentration in the aquifer to maximum contaminant levels. Of the 57 radionuclides carried forward from Phase II, six radionuclides were identified in Phase III as having simulated future aquifer concentrations exceeding maximum contaminant limits. An additional seven radionuclides had simulated Phase III groundwater concentrations exceeding 1/100th of their respective maximum contaminant levels and were also retained for Phase IV analysis. The Phase IV analysis predicted that none of the thirteen remaining radionuclides would exceed the maximum contaminant levels for either site location. The predicted cumulative effective dose equivalent from all 13 radionuclides also was less than the dose criteria set forth in Department of Energy Order 435.1 for each site location. An evaluation of composite impacts showed one site is preferable over the other based on the potential for commingling of groundwater contamination with other facilities.

Annette Schafer, Arthur S. Rood, A. Jeffrey Sondrup

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

410

Review of Evaluation, Measurement and Verification Approaches Used to Estimate the Load Impacts and Effectiveness of Energy Efficiency Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Evaluation, Measurement and Verification Approaches Usedof Evaluation, Measurement and Verification Approaches UsedEvaluation, measurement, and verification National Action

Messenger, Mike

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Kalispell Maintenance Headquarters Project : Environmental Assessment and Findings of No Significant Impact.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The facilities needed to maintain and repair Bonneville Power Administration (BPA`s) electrical equipment in northwest Montana are currently in two locations: A maintenance headquarters at the Kalispell Substation, and a temporary leased facility south of Kalispell. The present situation is not efficient. There is not enough space to accommodate the equipment needed at each site, and coordination and communication between the two sites is difficult. Also, two sites means duplication of equipment and facilities. BPA needs a single, centralized facility that would efficiently accommodate all the area`s maintenance activities and equipment. BPA proposes to build a maintenance headquarters facility consisting of 2 to 4 single-story buildings totaling about 35,000 square feet (office spaces and workshop areas); an open-ended vehicle storage building (carport style); a fenced-in storage year; a storage building for flammables, herbicides, and hazardous wastes; and a parking lot. The facility would require developing about 6 to 10 acres of land. Two sites are being considered for the proposed project (see the attached map for locations). This report is the environmental assessment of the two options.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Surface water drainage system. Environmental assessment and finding of no significant impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Environmental Assessment (EA) is written pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The document identifies and evaluates the action proposed to correct deficiencies in, and then to maintain, the surface water drainage system serving the Department of Energy`s Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Site), located north of Golden, Colorado. Many of the activities proposed would not normally be subject to this level of NEPA documentation. However, in many cases, maintenance of the system has been deferred to the point that wetlands vegetation has become established in some ditches and culverts, creating wetlands. The proposed activities would damage or remove some of these wetlands in order to return the drainage system to the point that it would be able to fully serve its intended function - stormwater control. The Department of Energy (DOE) regulations require that activities affecting environmentally sensitive areas like wetlands be the subject of an EA. Most portions of the surface water drainage system are presently inadequate to convey the runoff from a 100-year storm event. As a result, such an event would cause flooding across much of the Site and possibly threaten the integrity of the dams at the terminal ponds. Severe flooding would not only cause damage to facilities and equipment, but could also facilitate the transport of contaminants from individual hazardous substance sites (IHSSs). Uncontrolled flow through the A- and B-series ponds could cause contaminated sediments to become suspended and carried downstream. Additionally, high velocity flood flows significantly increase erosion losses.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Regional-Scale Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Emissions within the US Corn Belt: The Impact of Precipitation and Agricultural Drainage on Indirect Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regional-Scale Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Emissions within the US Corn Belt: The Impact of Precipitation and Agricultural Drainage on Indirect Emissions Tim Griffis1, Xuhui Lee2, John Baker3, Peter, but mitigation strategies have been limited by the large uncertainties in both direct and indirect emission

Minnesota, University of

414

Thomson, H. and Kearns, A. and Petticrew, M. (2003) Assessing the health impact of local amenities: a qualitative study of contrasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: a qualitative study of contrasting experiences of local swimming pool and leisure provision in two areas amenities: a qualitative study of contrasting experiences of local swimming pool and leisure provision: Study objective: To assess the health impacts of local public swimming pool and leisure provision

Glasgow, University of

415

Poster sessions as an authentic assessment approach in an open-Ended University general chemistry laboratory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to explore the views of Pre-service Science Teachers (PSTs) on their posters as an authentic assessment tool in an open-ended chemistry laboratory course. Forty-three \\{PSTs\\} set up their research questions, designed and performed laboratory investigations, obtained results of their experiments and prepared their posters as an alternative to traditional laboratory reports. They engaged in the process of assessment in the course as both self and peer evaluators. At the end of each laboratory session, each group of the \\{PSTs\\} presented posters of their laboratory investigations to their peers and instructors. Results of the PSTs’ interview analyses indicated that most \\{PSTs\\} expressed many benefits to the presentation of laboratory investigations using posters in comparison to the traditional laboratory reports.

Alev Do?an; Osman Naf?z Kaya

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Assessing the Impact of the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster on Policy Dynamics and the Public Sphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Social and political fallout following the March 2011 Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear disaster permanently altered the zeitgeist of global public attitude towards nuclear power and towards energy technology in general. This area of public policy, which in Japan is particularly opaque and stagnant, was forced into a period of energy sector review amid domestic and worldwide debate. This study explores novel methodologies for measuring these developments, covering the 1) framing effects of traditional media and the 2) user-sourced content of social media. This quantitative approach yielded the following hypothesis verifications; 1) in an AHP-style online survey, exposure to real and simulated nuclear-related disaster headlines reduced collective partiality towards nuclear power by 3% and 4% respectively, and 2) retrospective opinion mining of Twitter procured an relative increase in negative nuclear-related posts of 38% and 134% in Japanese and English respectively, from the pre to post-Fukushima world. Using nuclear power and Fukushima as a case study, this paper attempts to elucidate both the influence of media on the public sphere, and the influence of the public sphere on policy and policymakers. From the results it is possible to make the conjecture that a lack of scientific education with regard to energy issues increases the former influence, and similarly reduces the latter.

Harry A. Hassard; Joshua K.Y. Swee; Moustafa Ghanem; Hironobu Unesaki

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

(Application of the principles of environmental impact assessment to policy, plans, and programs)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A proposal to study the application of the principles of EIA to policy, plans, and programs was submitted by the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) to the Senior Advisors on Environmental and Water Problems of the United Nations Economic Commission. Upon approval, US EPA asked Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to support its efforts as lead country on an international task force. Representatives from Austria, Canada, Finland, Norway, Poland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom attended the first meeting; additional countries are expected to participate at the next meeting. The administrative/legal setting for EIA in each country was reviewed. The objectives of the task force were defined, and issues related to the application of EIA at the policy level were discussed. The investigation will focus on a review and summary of case studies to determine applicable methods and approaches from which conclusions can be drawn and recommendations can be made. ORNL is responsible for overall project management, including development of the report.

Sigal, L.L.

1990-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

418

Assessing the Importance and Impact of Glycomics and Glycosciences Phase II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Glycans form one of the four basic classes of macromolecules in living systems, along with nucleic acids, proteins, and lipids. They are composed of individual sugar units that can be linked to one another in multiple ways, enabling them to form complex three-dimensional structures. In living systems, glycans are involved in myriad processes that are part of normal cellular physiology, development, and signaling, as well as in the development of both chronic and infectious diseases. Because of their ubiquity on cell surfaces, they are key components of biological interfaces and are involved in molecular recognition and signaling. They are also important molecules in cell adhesion and cell movement. Meanwhile, glycans on proteins inside cells participate in the cell’s responses to incoming signals, for example by helping to modulate gene expression and protein functions. Glycan polymers such as cellulose are important components of plant cell walls. Understanding how such walls are assembled and how they can be deconstructed is fundamental to basic plant biology, but also in the development of applications such as efficient conversion of biomass into fuels. Glycan polymers derived from plants and other organisms can also serve as sources of new materials with wide-ranging applications from tissue engineering scaffolds to flexible electronic displays. Achieving an understanding of the structures and functions of glycans is fundamental to understanding biology. The National Research Council report resulting from this project, Transforming Glycoscience: A Roadmap for the Future, discusses the impact glycoscience can have across health, energy, and materials science and lays out a roadmap of research goals whose achievement could help the field become a widely-recognized and integrated discipline rather than a niche area studied by a small number of specialists. Despite advances, gaps remain in the current suite of tools for investigating glycans and these tools often require expert users and facilities, presenting a barrier for many investigators. The field is poised to benefit from the pursuit of the framework laid out in the study, which incorporates not only human physiology and health but also plant, animal, and microbial research and efforts to improve tools for synthesis, analysis, data management, and other fundamental research infrastructure.

Zolandz, Dorothy

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

419

Socio-Technical Approaches to Risk Assessment in National Critical Infrastructures Deregulation has created new market pressures for innovation across many national infrastructures.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Socio-Technical Approaches to Risk Assessment in National Critical Infrastructures Deregulation has on socio-technical issues in risk assessment in infrastructure systems. For instance, Chozos presents upon vertical integration. The same companies that generated the power were also, typically

Johnson, Chris

420

Risk assessment for the off-site transportation of high-level waste for the U.S. Department of Energy waste management programmatic environmental impact statement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the human health risk assessment conducted for the transportation of high-level waste (HLW) in support of the US Department of Energy Waste Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (WM PEIS). The assessment considers risks to collective populations and individuals under both routine and accident transportation conditions for truck and rail shipment modes. The report discusses the scope of the HLW transportation assessment, describes the analytical methods used for the assessment, defines the alternatives considered in the WM PEIS, and details important assessment assumptions. Results are reported for five alternatives. In addition, to aid in the understanding and interpretation of the results, specific areas of uncertainty are described, with an emphasis on how the uncertainties may affect comparisons of the alternatives.

Monette, F.A.; Biwer, B.M.; LePoire, D.J.; Chen, S.Y. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment Div.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Biodiesel Production in a Semiarid Environment: A Life Cycle Assessment Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life cycle assessment (LCA) of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from biodiesel production has mainly focused on biodiesel production from soybean and rapeseed (or canola) oils produced in Argentina, Brazil, China, South Africa, and the USA,(1-5) with very few studies conducted for semiarid climates. ... Approximately 1 kg of canola seeds was required to produce 0.44 L of canola oil,(16) with an oil expeller efficiency of 75%; in turn 1 L of canola oil produced 1 L of biodiesel (BE Bioenergy, Victoria, Stephen Hobb, Pers. ...

Wahidul K. Biswas; Louise Barton; Daniel Carter

2011-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

422

Assessment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Assessment of the Surveillance Program of the High-Level Waste Storage Tanks at Hanford :.I LALI iE REJ 163 ROOM 1t 4 F77L. -77 .:earmn OfEeg Asitn Sertr fo niomn 4 z. r...

423

Assessment of the impact on crops of effluent gases from geothermal energy development in the Imperial Valley, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential impact of regionally dispersed sources of geothermal gaseous effluents on crops in the Imperial Valley was assessed. A detailed model of the photosynthesis and growth of sugar beets fumigated by H/sub 2/S and CO/sub 2/ and generalized from the model calculations to other crops was used. Model calculations were made with estimates of time series of expected ground-level concentrations of H/sub 2/S and CO/sub 2/ calculated by the air quality assessment element of the Imperial Valley Environmental Project (IVEP) at 22 locations around the valley. The model calculations also used time series data of meteorological variables such as air temperature, solar radiation, and relative humidity, which were measured by the air quality baseline element in the field of the Imperial Valley. Results indicate that, in the absence of interactions with other ambient pollutant gases, all location would experience an increase (from slight to significant) in total growth of sugar beets. Seven locations will experience an increase of at least 10%. The emissions rate at which negative effects cancel out the benefits of H/sub 2/S fertilization was calculated; in the worst case, emission rates are expected to be no more than 1/13 of this crossover rate. The expected emission rate will be less than that necessary for negative effects on the most sensitive species (such as alfalfa) by a factor of 4. Similar results for other crops are summarized in the report. If CO/sub 2/ emissions are increased proportionately, the dominance of deleterious effects is not expected to occur, even under maximum development as set forth in IVEP scenario projections. 8 figures, 6 tables.

Kercher, J.R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

New approach to risk assessment of central neurotoxicity induced by 1-bromopropane using animal models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1-Bromopropane (1-BP) induces central as well as peripheral neurotoxicity in workers. We have reported the dysfunction of feedback inhibition (i.e. disinhibition) in the rat hippocampus following exposure to 1-BP at concentrations of 1500 and 700 ppm. For risk assessment, we studied disinhibition of the CA1 region and the dentate gyrus in hippocampal slices obtained from control and 1-BP-exposed (200 and 400 ppm) rats, and determined the bromide concentration in the brain. Granule cell disinhibition was observed after inhalation exposure to 400 ppm 1-BP for 8 or 12 weeks, suggesting that the dentate gyrus was more sensitive than the CA1 region to 1-BP exposure. The lowest observed adverse effect level and the no observed adverse effect level of 1-BP inhalation for disinhibition were 400 and 200 ppm, respectively. The concentration of bromides in the brain increased from 2.9 ± 1.5 to 85.0 ± 25.4 ?g/g-wet brain at week 4 of 400 ppm inhalation, and no further increase was observed even when the exposure period was extended for up to 12 weeks. The relationship between total dose (ppm-h) and the exposure concentration of 1-BP was investigated at different exposure concentrations. Disinhibition and death by inhalation depended on the total dose, and their occurrence appeared earlier as the exposure concentration increased. The results demonstrated a novel model for risk assessment of central neurotoxicity induced by 1-BP inhalation.

Yukiko Fueta; Toru Ishidao; Susumu Ueno; Yasuhiro Yoshida; Naoki Kunugita; Hajime Hori

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Impacts of light shading and nutrient enrichment geo-engineering approaches on the productivity of a stratified, oligotrophic ocean ecosystem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...geo-engineering approaches on the productivity...Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido...geo-engineering approaches on ocean ecosystem...solar radiation management|South Atlantic...geo-engineering approaches, solar radiation management (SRM), could...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Categorization of residential electricity consumption as a basis for the assessment of the impacts of demand response actions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In a smart(er) grid context, the existence of dynamic tariffs and bidirectional communications will simultaneously allow and require an active role from the end-user concerning electricity management. However, the residential end-user will not be always available to manage energy resources and decide, based on price signals and preferences/needs, the best response actions to implement or the best usage of the electricity produced locally. Therefore, energy management systems are required to monitor consumption/generation/storage and to make the best decisions according to input signals and the user's needs and preferences. The design of adequate algorithms to be implemented in those systems require the prior characterization of domestic electricity demand and categorization of loads, according to availability, typical usage patterns, working cycles and technical constraints. Automated demand response actions must be tailored and chosen according to this previous analysis of load characteristics. In this paper, a characterization of household electricity consumption is presented and an operational categorization of end-use loads is proposed. The existing potential for demand response to a diversified set of management actions is described and a tool to assess the impact of implementing several actions with different rates of penetration of energy management systems is presented. The results obtained show the potential savings for the end-user and expected changes in the load diagram with a decrease of the aggregated peak electricity demand and a smoothed valley.

Ana Soares; Álvaro Gomes; Carlos Henggeler Antunes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Assessing the impacts of future demand for saline groundwater on commercial deployment of CCS in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides a preliminary assessment of the potential impact that future demand for groundwater might have on the commercial deployment of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) technologies within the United States. A number of regions within the U.S. have populations, agriculture and industries that are particularly dependent upon groundwater. Moreover, some key freshwater aquifers are already over-utilized or depleted, and others are likely to be moving toward depletion as demand grows. The need to meet future water demands may lead some parts of the nation to consider supplementing existing supplies with lower quality groundwater resources, including brackish waters that are currently not considered sources of drinking water but which could provide supplemental water via desalination. In some areas, these same deep saline-filled geologic formations also represent possible candidate carbon dioxide (CO2) storage reservoirs. The analysis presented here suggests that future constraints on CCS deployment due to potential needs to supplement conventional water supplies by desalinating deeper and more brackish waters are likely to be necessary only in limited regions across the country, particularly in areas that are already experiencing water stress.

Davidson, Casie L.; Dooley, James J.; Dahowski, Robert T.

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

428

Assessment of energy and economic impacts of particulate-control technologies in coal-fired power generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under contract to Argonne National Laboratory, Midwest Research Institute has derived models to assess the economic and energy impacts of particulate-control systems for coal-fired power plants. The models take into account the major functional variables, including plant size and location, coal type, and applicable particulate-emission standards. The algorithms obtained predict equipment and installation costs, as well as operating costs (including energy usage), for five control devices: (1) cold-side electrostatic precipitators, (2) hot-side electrostatic precipitators, (3) reverse-flow baghouses, (4) shake baghouses, and (5) wet scrubbers. A steam-generator performance model has been developed, and the output from this model has been used as input for the control-device performance models that specify required design and operating parameters for the control systems under study. These parameters then have been used as inputs to the cost models. Suitable guideline values have been provided for independent variables wherever necessary, and three case studies are presented to demonstrate application of the subject models. The control-equipment models aggregate the following cost items: (1) first costs (capital investment), (2) total, first-year annualized costs, and (3) integrated cost of ownership and operation over any selected plant lifetime. Although the models have been programmed for rapid computation, the algorithms can be solved with a hand calculator.

Not Available

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Pollution prevention opportunity assessment approach, training, and technical assistance for DOE contractors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the tools used in a successful pollution prevention program is a pollution prevention opportunity assessment (PPOA). PPOAs can be used to identify the nature and amounts of waste and energy usage from processes and projects within a site`s operations, identify the opportunities that exist for pollution prevention and energy conservation, and then evaluate those opportunities for feasible implementation. The purpose of this project is to share the Kansas City Plant`s (KCP`s) PPOA methodology and experience with other DOE personnel and DOE contractors. This consisted of three major activities in FY96: (1) completing the PPOA training module specific to Environmental Restoration activities; (2) providing PPOA training and technical assistance to interested DOE personnel and DOE contractors, and (3) implementing and maintaining the DOE-wide PPOA database. This report documents the FY96 efforts, lessons learned, and future plans for all of the PPOA-related activities.

Pemberton, S.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Public participation in strategic environmental assessment (SEA): Critical review and the Quebec (Canada) approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is widely accepted that public participation must be a part of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) procedures, and yet few studies have been conducted on the implementation of SEA public participation procedures. Accordingly, the theoretical and practical aspects of public participation in SEA remain research priorities for environmental policy-making. This paper presents a review of the Quebec (Canada) model of public participation in SEA through an evaluation of six public hearings on proposed directions and policies concerning, respectively, hazardous waste, forest protection, residual materials, energy, water management and pig farming. First, the authors examine the theoretical dimensions of SEA and public participation in the process. Second, they give a summary of the lessons that can be learned from the few Canadian and international experiences. Third, they outline the Quebec experience. Finally, they conclude by evaluating the opportunities and limitations of the Quebec experience and make some recommendations to improve its application.

Gauthier, Mario, E-mail: mario.gauthier@uqo.c [Department of Social Work and Social Sciences, Universite du Quebec en Outaouais, P.O. Box 1250, Station Hull, Gatineau, Quebec, J8X 3X7 (Canada); Simard, Louis, E-mail: lsimard@uottawa.c [School of Political Studies, University of Ottawa, 55 Laurier Street East, room 1964, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5 (Canada); Waaub, Jean-Philippe, E-mail: waaub.jean-philippe@uqam.c [Department of Geography, Groupe d'etudes interdisciplinaires en geographie et environnement regional (GEIGER), Universite du Quebec a Montreal, P.O. Box 8888, Station Centre-Ville, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3P8 (Canada)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

Review of Evaluation, Measurement and Verification Approaches Used to Estimate the Load Impacts and Effectiveness of Energy Efficiency Programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Public and private funding for end-use energy efficiency actions is expected to increase significantly in the United States over the next decade. For example, Barbose et al (2009) estimate that spending on ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs in the U.S. could increase from $3.1 billion in 2008 to $7.5 and 12.4 billion by 2020 under their medium and high scenarios. This increase in spending could yield annual electric energy savings ranging from 0.58% - 0.93% of total U.S. retail sales in 2020, up from 0.34% of retail sales in 2008. Interest in and support for energy efficiency has broadened among national and state policymakers. Prominent examples include {approx}$18 billion in new funding for energy efficiency programs (e.g., State Energy Program, Weatherization, and Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants) in the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). Increased funding for energy efficiency should result in more benefits as well as more scrutiny of these results. As energy efficiency becomes a more prominent component of the U.S. national energy strategy and policies, assessing the effectiveness and energy saving impacts of energy efficiency programs is likely to become increasingly important for policymakers and private and public funders of efficiency actions. Thus, it is critical that evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) is carried out effectively and efficiently, which implies that: (1) Effective program evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) methodologies and tools are available to key stakeholders (e.g., regulatory agencies, program administrators, consumers, and evaluation consultants); and (2) Capacity (people and infrastructure resources) is available to conduct EM&V activities and report results in ways that support program improvement and provide data that reliably compares achieved results against goals and similar programs in other jurisdictions (benchmarking). The National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (2007) presented commonly used definitions for EM&V in the context of energy efficiency programs: (1) Evaluation (E) - The performance of studies and activities aimed at determining the effects and effectiveness of EE programs; (2) Measurement and Verification (M&V) - Data collection, monitoring, and analysis associated with the calculation of gross energy and demand savings from individual measures, sites or projects. M&V can be a subset of program evaluation; and (3) Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification (EM&V) - This term is frequently seen in evaluation literature. EM&V is a catchall acronym for determining both the effectiveness of program designs and estimates of load impacts at the portfolio, program and project level. This report is a scoping study that assesses current practices and methods in the evaluation, measurement and verification (EM&V) of ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs, with a focus on methods and practices currently used for determining whether projected (ex-ante) energy and demand savings have been achieved (ex-post). M&V practices for privately-funded energy efficiency projects (e.g., ESCO projects) or programs where the primary focus is greenhouse gas reductions were not part of the scope of this study. We identify and discuss key purposes and uses of current evaluations of end-use energy efficiency programs, methods used to evaluate these programs, processes used to determine those methods; and key issues that need to be addressed now and in the future, based on discussions with regulatory agencies, policymakers, program administrators, and evaluation practitioners in 14 states and national experts in the evaluation field. We also explore how EM&V may evolve in a future in which efficiency funding increases significantly, innovative mechanisms for rewarding program performance are adopted, the role of efficiency in greenhouse gas mitigation is more closely linked, and programs are increasingly funded from multiple sources often with multiple program administrators and in

Messenger, Mike; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Golemboski, Bill; Goldman, Charles A.; Schiller, Steven R.

2010-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

432

Assessing the cumulative impacts of surface mining and coal bed methane development on shallow aquifers in the Powder River Basin, Wyoming  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large scale surface coal mining taken place along the cropline of the Wyodak-Anderson coal seam since approximately 1977. Groundwater impacts due to surface mining of coal and other energy-related development is a primary regulatory concern and an identified Office of Surface Mining deficiency in the Wyoming coal program. The modeled aquifers are the upper unit (coal) of the Paleocene Fort Union Formation and the overlying Eocene Wasatch Formation. A regional groundwater model covering 790 square miles was constructed using MODFLOW, to simulate the impacts from three surface coal mines and coal bed methane development occurring downdip. Assessing anisotropy of the coal aquifer, quality checking of in situ aquifer tests and database quality control were precursors to modelling. Geologic data was kriged to develop the structural model of the aquifers. A Geographic Information System (GIS) was utilized to facilitate storage, analysis, display, development of input modelling arrays and assessment of hydrologic boundaries. Model output presents the predicted impacts of likely development scenarios, including impacts from coal bed methane development and surface coal mining through anticipated life of mining, and surface mining impacts independent of gas development.

Peacock, K. [Dept. of Interior, Casper, WY (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

433

An optimization-based approach to scheduling residential battery storage with solar PV: Assessing customer benefit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Several studies have suggested that battery storage co-located with solar photovoltaics (PV) benefits electricity distributors in maintaining system voltages within acceptable limits. However, without careful coordination, these potential benefits might not be realized. In this paper we propose an optimization-based algorithm for the scheduling of residential battery storage co-located with solar PV, in the context of PV incentives such as feed-in tariffs. Our objective is to maximize the daily operational savings that accrue to customers, while penalizing large voltage swings stemming from reverse power flow and peak load. To achieve this objective we present a quadratic program (QP)-based algorithm. To complete our assessment of the customer benefit, the QP-based scheduling algorithm is applied to measured load and generation data from 145 residential customers located in an Australian distribution network. The results of this case study confirm the QP-based scheduling algorithm significantly penalizes reverse power flow and peak loads corresponding to peak time-of-use billing. In the context of feed-in tariffs, the majority of customers exhibited operational savings when QP energy-shifting.

Elizabeth L. Ratnam; Steven R. Weller; Christopher M. Kellett

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Assessing the cleanliness of surfaces: Innovative molecular approaches vs. standard spore assays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A bacterial spore assay and a molecular DNA microarray method were compared for their ability to assess relative cleanliness in the context of bacterial abundance and diversity on spacecraft surfaces. Colony counts derived from the NASA standard spore assay were extremely low for spacecraft surfaces. However, the PhyloChip generation 3 (G3) DNA microarray resolved the genetic signatures of a highly diverse suite of microorganisms in the very same sample set. Samples completely devoid of cultivable spores were shown to harbor the DNA of more than 100 distinct microbial phylotypes. Furthermore, samples with higher numbers of cultivable spores did not necessarily give rise to a greater microbial diversity upon analysis with the DNA microarray. The findings of this study clearly demonstrated that there is not a statistically significant correlation between the cultivable spore counts obtained from a sample and the degree of bacterial diversity present. Based on these results, it can be stated that validated state-of-the-art molecular techniques, such as DNA microarrays, can be utilized in parallel with classical culture-based methods to further describe the cleanliness of spacecraft surfaces.

Cooper, M.; Duc, M.T. La; Probst, A.; Vaishampayan, P.; Stam, C.; Benardini, J.N.; Piceno, Y.M.; Andersen, G.L.; Venkateswaran, K.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

An approach to energy saving assessment of solar assisted heat pumps for swimming pool water heating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A steady state off-design model of a Water Solar Assisted Heat Pump (W-SAHP) and the results of monthly based averaged simulations are presented. The W-SAHP system is arranged with a commercial water-to-water heat pump, coupled with unglazed flat plate solar collectors. The study is purposely developed for swimming pools, however most of the analysis criteria and outcomes are valid for any building (user) having hot water needs. Calculations are made for given thermal load and user operating temperatures with reference to the climatic data of all Italian Municipalities, that is degree days (DD) in the range from 700 to 3000, altitude from 0 to 1500 m (above sea level), and latitude from 36.5°N to 46.3°N. The primary energy saving capability of the W-SAHP solution, compared to a traditional gas-boiler plant, is analyzed as a function of the DD index of each site. Despite the large spread of climatic and altitude data, the results show that the W-SAHP performance is usually well correlated to DD, which can therefore be assumed as the main independent variable for the energy saving assessment of these systems, and make the results easily extended to other possible geographical locations.

Luca A. Tagliafico; Federico Scarpa; Giulio Tagliafico; Federico Valsuani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Assessing plantation biomass for co-firing with coal in northern Indiana: A linear programming approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tightening environmental regulations and the signing of the Kyoto Protocol have prompted electric utilities to consider co-firing biomass with coal to reduce the levels of CO2, SO2, and \\{NOx\\} in stack emissions. This analysis examines the cost competitiveness of plantation produced woody biomass and waste wood with coal in electricity production. A case study of woody biomass production and co-firing in northern Indiana is presented. A Salix (willow) production budget was created to assess the feasibility of plantation tree production to supply biomass to the utility for fuel blending. Co-firing with waste wood from primary and secondary wood processing activities and local municipalities also is considered. A linear programming model was developed to examine the optimal co-firing blend of coal and biomass while minimizing variable cost, including the cost of ash disposal and material procurement costs. This model was used to examine situations where coal is the primary fuel and waste wood, willow trees, or both are available for fuel blending. The results indicate that co-firing woody biomass is cost-effective for the power plant. Sensitivity analysis explored the effect of waste wood prices on co-firing cost.

Sara Nienow; Kevin T McNamara; Andrew R Gillespie

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

The impact of maintenance and rehabilitation strategies on the pavement network value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

strategy. However, these benefits do not necessarily translate into funds available to the agency. An asset management approach to assess the impact of pavement maintenance and rehabilitation scenarios on the pavement network value is presented...

Chang Albitres, Carlos Martin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

438

An Approach for Assessing the Signature Quality of Various Chemical Assays when Predicting the Culture Media Used to Grow Microorganisms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate an approach for assessing the quality of a signature system designed to predict the culture medium used to grow a microorganism. The system was comprised of four chemical assays designed to identify various ingredients that could be used to produce the culture medium. The analytical measurements resulting from any combination of these four assays can be used in a Bayesian network to predict the probabilities that the microorganism was grown using one of eleven culture media. We evaluated combinations of the signature system by removing one or more of the assays from the Bayes network. We measured and compared the quality of the various Bayes nets in terms of fidelity, cost, risk, and utility, a method we refer to as Signature Quality Metrics

Holmes, Aimee E.; Sego, Landon H.; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Kreuzer, Helen W.; Anderson, Richard M.; Unwin, Stephen D.; Weimar, Mark R.; Tardiff, Mark F.; Corley, Courtney D.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Assessment of reaction-rate predictions of a collision-energy approach for chemical reactions in atmospheric flows.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recently proposed approach for the Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method to calculate chemical-reaction rates is assessed for high-temperature atmospheric species. The new DSMC model reproduces measured equilibrium reaction rates without using any macroscopic reaction-rate information. Since it uses only molecular properties, the new model is inherently able to predict reaction rates for arbitrary non-equilibrium conditions. DSMC non-equilibrium reaction rates are compared to Park's phenomenological nonequilibrium reaction-rate model, the predominant model for hypersonic-flow-field calculations. For near-equilibrium conditions, Park's model is in good agreement with the DSMC-calculated reaction rates. For far-from-equilibrium conditions, corresponding to a typical shock layer, significant differences can be found. The DSMC predictions are also found to be in very good agreement with measured and calculated non-equilibrium reaction rates, offering strong evidence that this is a viable and reliable technique to predict chemical reaction rates.

Gallis, Michail A.; Bond, Ryan Bomar; Torczynski, John Robert

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Assessing National Employment Impacts of Investment in Residential and Commercial Sector Energy Efficiency: Review and Example Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) modeled the employment impacts of a major national initiative to accelerate energy efficiency trends at one of two levels: • 15 percent savings by 2030. In this scenario, efficiency activities save about 15 percent of the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) Reference Case electricity consumption by 2030. It is assumed that additional energy savings in both the residential and commercial sectors begin in 2015 at zero, and then increase in an S-shaped market penetration curve, with the level of savings equal to about 7.0 percent of the AEO 2014 U.S. national residential and commercial electricity consumption saved by 2020, 14.8 percent by 2025, and 15 percent by 2030. • 10 percent savings by 2030. In this scenario, additional savings begin at zero in 2015, increase to 3.8 percent in 2020, 9.8 percent by 2025, and 10 percent of the AEO reference case value by 2030. The analysis of the 15 percent case indicates that by 2030 more than 300,000 new jobs would likely result from such policies, including an annual average of more than 60,000 jobs directly supporting the installation and maintenance of energy efficiency measures and practices. These are new jobs resulting initially from the investment associated with the construction of more energy-efficient new buildings or the retrofit of existing buildings and would be sustained for as long as the investment continues. Based on what is known about the current level of building-sector energy efficiency jobs, this would represent an increase of more than 10 percent from the current estimated level of over 450,000 such jobs. The more significant and longer-lasting effect comes from the redirection of energy bill savings toward the purchase of other goods and services in the general economy, with its attendant influence on increasing the total number of jobs. This example analysis utilized PNNL’s ImSET model, a modeling framework that PNNL has used over the past two decades to assess the economic impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) energy efficiency programs in the buildings sector.

Anderson, David M.; Belzer, David B.; Livingston, Olga V.; Scott, Michael J.

2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "impact assessment approach" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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441

Economic Assessment Environmental impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were: I. The Uranium Fuel Cycle Facilities 2. Underground Uranium Mines 3. Inactive Uranium Mill Uranium Mines The data regarding the control options was developed for Vol Tailings 4. Licensed Uranium Mill Tailings 5. High-Level Waste Disposal Facilities 6. Department of Energy

442

Poverty Social Impact Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Poverty Social Impact Analysis Poverty Social Impact Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Poverty Social Impact Analysis Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Climate Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTPSIA/0,,contentMDK:2041525 Related Tools Poverty Social Impact Analysis Intertemporal Computable Equilibrium System (ICES) Partnership for Economic Policy Modeling and Policy Impact Analysis (MPIA) ... further results Find Another Tool FIND DEVELOPMENT IMPACTS ASSESSMENT TOOLS An ex-ante or ex-post analysis that predicts the distributional social impacts of public policies, with particular emphasis on the poor and vulnerable. This approach generates evidence to inform policy dialogue, debate and decision-making. In climate change mitigation projects, PSIA can

443

DOE/EA-1371; Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan, Environmental Assessment, and Finding of No Significant Impacts for Rock Creek Reserve (5/2001)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

INTEGRATED NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PLAN, ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT and Finding Of No Significant Impacts for ROCK CREEK RESERVE 2001-Closure DOE/EA - 1371 Department of Energy Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site and The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service May, 2001 Dear Stakeholder: Enclosed is the Final Rock Creek Reserve Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan (Plan), Environmental Assessment (EA), and Finding Of No Significant Impacts (FONSI). The Rock Creek Reserve was dedicated on May 17, 1999, to be jointly managed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and US Department of Energy. This Plan/EA was developed in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process. Through cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for joint

444

DOE/EA-1371; Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan, Environmental Assessment, and Finding of No Significant Impacts for Rock Creek Reserve (5/2001)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan and Environmental Assessment for Rock Creek Reserve Summary: The Department of Energy (DOE) with the assistance and cooperation of the US. Fish and Wildlife Service, prepared an Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan and Environmental Assessment (Plan)(DOE/EA-1371) for the Rock Creek Reserve at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Site) located north of Golden, Colorado. The Rock Creek Reserve was established in May 1999 in recognition of the area's biological significance. Although still under the ownership of the DOE, the Rock Creek Reserve will be co- managed with the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service as part of an interagency agreement signed by these two

445

DOE/EA-1342: Shelton-Kitsap Transmission Line Rebuild Final Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact (01/17/01)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A N U A R Y 2 0 0 1 A N U A R Y 2 0 0 1 SHELTON-KITSAP TRANSMISSION LINE REBUILD Final Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact DOE/EA-1342 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Bonneville Power Administration Shelton-Kitsap Transmission Line Rebuild Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) and Floodplain Statement of Findings. Summary: This notice announces Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) proposal to rebuild its existing Shelton-Kitsap No. 2 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission line as a double-circuit 230-kV line in the existing right-of-way, in order to improve system capability and reliability. BPA has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-1342) evaluating the proposed project. Based on the analysis in the EA, BPA has determined that the proposed action is not a major

446

Integrating Safety Assessment Methods using the Risk Informed Safety Margins Characterization (RISMC) Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Safety is central to the design, licensing, operation, and economics of nuclear power plants (NPPs). As the current light water reactor (LWR) NPPs age beyond 60 years, there are possibilities for increased frequency of systems, structures, and components (SSC) degradations or failures that initiate safety significant events, reduce existing accident mitigation capabilities, or create new failure modes. Plant designers commonly “over-design” portions of NPPs and provide robustness in the form of redundant and diverse engineered safety features to ensure that, even in the case of well-beyond design basis scenarios, public health and safety will be protected with a very high degree of assurance. This form of defense-in-depth is a reasoned response to uncertainties and is often referred to generically as “safety margin.” Historically, specific safety margin provisions have been formulated primarily based on engineering judgment backed by a set of conservative engineering calculations. The ability to better characterize and quantify safety margin is important to improved decision making about LWR design, operation, and plant life extension. A systematic approach to characterization of safety margins and the subsequent margin management options represents a vital input to the licensee and regulatory analysis and decision making that will be involved. In addition, as research and development (R&D) in the LWR Sustainability (LWRS) Program and other collaborative efforts yield new data, sensors, and improved scientific understanding of physical processes that govern the aging and degradation of plant SSCs needs and opportunities to better optimize plant safety and performance will become known. To support decision making related to economics, readability, and safety, the RISMC Pathway provides methods and tools that enable mitigation options known as margins management strategies. The purpose of the RISMC Pathway R&D is to support plant decisions for risk-informed margin management with the aim to improve economics, reliability, and sustain safety of current NPPs. As the lead Department of Energy (DOE) Laboratory for this Pathway, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is tasked with developing and deploying methods and tools that support the quantification and management of safety margin and uncertainty.

Curtis Smith; Diego Mandelli

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Quantifying the Environmental Impact of an Integrated Human/Industrial-Natural System Using Life Cycle Assessment; A Case Study on a Forest and Wood Processing Chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantifying the Environmental Impact of an Integrated Human/Industrial-Natural System Using Life Cycle Assessment; A Case Study on a Forest and Wood Processing Chain ... For example a forest provides wood but can also emit quantities of NO, CO2, and other compounds, requires solar energy, and occupies a piece of land. ... The net electricity generated is a product of the wood disposal through burning. ...

Thomas Schaubroeck; Rodrigo A. F. Alvarenga; Kris Verheyen; Bart Muys; Jo Dewulf

2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

448

Use of GIS software to map contaminant distributions and determine integrated dose for purposes of assessing impact to biota.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The objective of this research was to estimate the radiological impact on various non-human biotas by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear power plant radiation release resulting… (more)

Myers, Margaret C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Grid Impacts of Wind Power Variability: Recent Assessments from a Variety of Utilities in the United States (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presentation for the European Wind Energy Conference held February 27--March 2, 2006, in Athens, Greece, showing grid impacts of wind power variability.

Parsons, B.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Final Systems Development Report for the Clark County Socioeconomic Impact Assessment of the Proposed High-Level Nuclear Waste Repository at Yucca Mountain, NV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Systems Development Report represents the third major step in the Clark County Socioeconomic Impact Assessment of the Proposed High-Level Nuclear Waste Repository at Yucca Mound Nevada. The first of these steps was to forge a Research Design that would serve as a guide for the overall research process. The second step was the construction of the Base Case, the purpose of which was to describe existing conditions in Clark County in the specified analytic areas of Economic-Demographic/Fiscal, Emergency Planning and Management, Transportation and Sociocultural analysis. The base case description will serve as a basis for assessing changes in these topic areas that might result from the Yucca Mountain project. These changes will be assessed by analyzing conditions with and without repository development in the county. Prior to performing such assessments, however, the snapshot type of data found in the base case must be operationalized or systematized to allow for more dynamic data utilization. In other words, a data system that can be used to analyze the consequences of the introduction of different variables (or variable values) in the Clark County context must be constructed. Such a system must be capable of being updated through subsequent data collection and monitoring efforts to both provide a rolling base case and supply information necessary to construct trend analyses. For example, during the Impact Assessment phase of the study process, the without repository analysis is accomplished by analyzing growth for the county given existing conditions and likely trends. These data are then compared to the with Yucca Mountain project conditions anticipated for the county. Similarly, once the emergency planning management and response needs associated with the repository are described, these needs will be juxtaposed against existing (and various future) capacity(ies) in order to determine the nature and magnitude of impacts in this analytic area. Analogous tasks will be performed for the other analytic areas detailed in the Base Case and outlined below.

NONE

1992-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

451

Report to Congress on Assessment of Potential Impact of Concentrating Solar Power for Electriicty Generation (EPACT 2005--Section 934(c))  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summary of DOE's assessment of issues regarding EPAct 2005, which requires the Secretary of Energy to assess conflicting guidance on the economic potential of concentrating solar power for electricity production.

Wilkins, F.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

The application of a mathematical model of sustainability to the results of an environmental impact assessment of the Russeifa landfill, Jordan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The question of whether landfills are or could be sustainable is somewhat unanswered within the sphere of waste management. This is partly due to two key issues: the ambiguities concerning what is sustainability?; and how to effectively assess the potential or actual sustainability of a landfill? It has been argued in the literature that this is a difficult task, however it is not impossible. This paper consequently presents the application of a mathematical model of sustainability to the results obtained for the environmental impact assessment (EIA) of the Russeifa landfill in Jordan using the rapid impact assessment matrix (RIAM) methodology. This paper demonstrates the methodology necessary to apply the model to the RIAM evaluation made at the time of assessment with respect to potential mitigation options. A determination of the level and nature of sustainability (if appropriate) for the project options were obtained for the Russeifa landfill. The results indicated that all of project options evaluated could be considered as unsustainable. This paper concludes by stating that the application of the model to the RIAM analysis offers a potential mechanism in evaluating sustainability through the use of a common and increasingly regarded technique of EIA.

Jason Phillips

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Exploring the relation between evidence and decision-making A political-administrative approach to health impact assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Like any policy-relevant research, HIA faces the risk of not being used by decisions-makers. This article addresses the questions: 'How do policy decisions come about?' and 'How does this affect HIA?' Current literature in political-administrative sciences identifies three ways for decision-making: rational, incremental and mixed model. These models define the relationship between the policy process at stake and the HIA. In incremental or mixed model decision-making, use of HIA evidence by policy-makers is heavily dependent on their values in the context, which may result in conceptual utilization or may extend to strategic utilization. In rational decision-making, HIA provides information independent from the context, which results in instrumental utilization. HIA practitioners need to optimise utilization and produce an appropriate HIA by mapping the policy process. They can do this by asking the questions 'What? How? Who? and What context? and by maintaining continuous communication with the decision-makers. An appropriate HIA is policy-, time- and place-specific: reflecting the decision-making of the policy at stake. Furthermore, HIA concerns two policy fields with two different contexts and, in some cases, two different decision-making models. The administrative requirements for an appropriate HIA need further exploration.

Bekker, Marleen P.M.; Putters, Kim; Grinten, Tom E.D. van der

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

A retail sampling approach to assess impact of geographic concentrations on probative value of comparative bullet lead analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......00-buckshot shells in eastern Tennessee (Oneida, Cookville, Crossville, Jamestown and...of other caliber ammunition in Orange County, CA. Researchers went to ammunition...case for neighbouring stores in Orange County, CA, which is served by a variety of......

Simon A. Cole; William A. Tobin; Lyndsay N. Boggess; Hal S. Stern

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

55Environmental futures research: experiences, approaches, and opportunities GTR-NRS-P-107 LINKING GLOBAL SCENARIOS TO NATIONAL ASSESSMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and trends in domestic natural resources. The 2010 RPA Assessment is framed around a set of future scenarios of natural resources broadened to include both ecological and socioeconomic values, the RPA Assessment GLOBAL SCENARIOS TO NATIONAL ASSESSMENTS: EXPERIENCES FROM THE RESOURCES PLANNING ACT (RPA) ASSESSMENT

456

Pinole Creek Watershed Sediment Source Assessment: A sediment budget approach highlighting watershed-scale sediment-related processes and supply to the Bay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pinole Creek Watershed Sediment Source Assessment: A sediment budget approach highlighting watershed-scale sediment-related processes and supply to the Bay Pearce,S.1 ,McKee,L.1 ,Arnold,C.2 ,and,landowners,stakeholders,agencies and regula- tors are facing many watershed-scale sediment-related issues such as erosion,degraded water

457

Assessment of the impacts on health due to the emissions of Cuban power plants that use fossil fuel oils with high content of sulfur. Estimation of external costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fossil fuel electricity generation has been demonstrated to be a main source of atmospheric pollution. The necessity of finding out a balance between the costs of achieving a lower level of environmental and health injury and the benefits of providing electricity at a reasonable cost have lead to the process of estimating the external costs derived from these impacts and not included in the electricity prices as a quantitative measure of it that, even when there are large uncertainties involved, can be used by decision makers in the process of achieving a global sustainable development. The external costs of the electricity generation in three Cuban power plants that use fossil fuel oils with high sulfur content have been assessed. With that purpose a specific implementation of the Impact Pathways Methodology for atmospheric emissions was developed. Dispersion of atmospheric pollutants is modeled at local and regional scales in a detailed way. Health impacts include mortality and those morbidity effects that showed relation with the increment of selected pollutant concentration in national studies. The external cost assessed for the three plants was 40,588,309 USD yr?1 (min./max.: 10,194,833/169,013,252), representing 1.06 USD Cent kWh?1. Costs derived from sulfur species (SO2 and sulfate aerosol) stand for 93% of the total costs.

L. Turtós Carbonell; E. Meneses Ruiz; M. Sánchez Gácita; J. Rivero Oliva; N. Díaz Rivero

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Comparison of environmental impacts of steel and concrete as building materials using the Life Cycle Assessment method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the United States, the construction industry accounts for almost 75% of total raw material used. This is an obvious drain on natural resources and has a major impact on the surrounding environment. Construction materials ...

Johnson, Timothy Werner

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of Condition Assessment on Energy Use: Selected Applications in Chemicals Processing and Petroleum Refining  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Condition assessment refers to inspection of equipment for conditions such as corrosion, fatigue, metal wear, wall loss, cracking, and degradation of material linings, coatings, and claddings.

460

Assessment of the impact of renewable energy and energy efficiency policies on the Macedonian energy sector development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main goal of this paper is to examine and quantify how the development of the energy system in Macedonia could be influenced by policies and programs that promote energy efficiency and renewable energy in terms of energy security and diversification economic competitiveness and CO2 mitigation. For this purpose the MARKAL-Macedonia national energy planning model was used. These policies are explored by comparing a reference (business-as-usual) development of energy system with three alternative policy scenarios: (1) Renewable Energy (RE) Scenario—introducing a renewable energy target by 2020 in line with that proposed by the Energy Community; (2) Energy Efficiency (EE) Scenario—exploring the range of energy efficiency measures that are the most cost-effective means to meet national targets aimed at reducing final energy consumption; and (3) Combined RE and EE Scenario—a combination of supply-side and demand-side approaches that examine the resulting synergies of these policy goals. For each scenario the implications of least-cost investment options for new capacity builds investment spending requirements electricity prices fuel expenditures and carbon dioxide emissions were assessed. The analyses have shown that even under the Reference scenario the reliance on electricity import will be reduced as a result of increased gas import. The RE scenario further reduces the overall import by 3% while the EE scenario by 12%. Total discounted costs of the energy system in the Reference scenario is estimated to nearly €36 billion with investment of €3.773 billion for 2.803?GW of new electricity generation capacity needed to meet the increased demand by 2030. The proposed RE target increases the cost of the energy system only by 0.13% due to the availability of additional renewables particularly hydro biomass and biofuels. The combination of the policies that promote increased energy efficiency will decrease the discounted energy system costs of 0.24% (€87 million net present value). The baseline evolution of the energy system results in 59% increase of CO2 emissions over the planning horizon. The analyzed RE and EE policies show strong synergies with a move to a lower carbon economy resulting in cumulative CO2 emissions reduction of 3.7% triggered by an overall drop in consumption and less use of fossil fuels.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z