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  1. Other World Computing | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    World Computing Jump to: navigation, search Name Other World Computing Facility Other World Computing Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service...

  2. Scientists use world's fastest computer to model materials under...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials under extreme conditions Scientists use world's fastest computer to model materials under extreme conditions Materials scientists are for the first time attempting to...

  3. Scientists use world's fastest computer to model materials under extreme

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    conditions Materials under extreme conditions Scientists use world's fastest computer to model materials under extreme conditions Materials scientists are for the first time attempting to create atomic-scale models that describe how voids are created, grow, and merge. October 30, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable

  4. Scientists use world's fastest computer to simulate nanoscale material

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    failure Nanoscale material failure Scientists use world's fastest computer to simulate nanoscale material failure With this new tool, scientists can better study what nanowires do under stress. October 29, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National

  5. Scientists use world's fastest computer to understand nonlinear physics of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    high-power lasers Nonlinear physics of high-power lasers Scientists use world's fastest computer to understand nonlinear physics of high-power lasers To achieve fusion scientists must put as much laser energy on target as possible. October 28, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and

  6. Analysis of Radiological Consequences of Postulated Releases from the IEM Cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HIMES, D.A.

    2002-11-06

    The Interim Examination and Maintenance (IEM) Cell is located inside the Reactor Containment Building (RCB) at the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF). The IEM Cell is a shielded, hot-cell complex which houses the remotely operated equipment originally designed for the performance of nondestructive examination of core components and limited maintenance of reactor plant equipment. The cell is currently being used for preparation and packaging of fueled components into Core Component Containers (CCC) for transfer to dry storage. This analysis provides an assessment of radiological consequences onsite and at the site boundary for three bounding postulated accident scenarios.

  7. Calculation of dose rates during replacement of the 3CL seal tube in the FFTF IEM cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, J.V.

    1997-11-12

    In September 1996, the seal tube at the 3CL window of the Interim Examination and Maintenance (IEM) Cell at the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) failed. Replacement of the seal tube required removing the 3CL master slave manipulator (MSM) and shielding creating a streaming path for radiation from irradiated fuel and activated hardware in the IEM Cell. As a part of the preparation for the seal tube replacement, expected dose rates in the IEM Cell gallery outside the open 3CL penetration during the repair work were evaluated.

  8. Remote disassembly of the absorber open-test assembly at the FFTF/IEM cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramsey, E.B.

    1990-01-01

    The Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) interim examination and maintenance (IEM) cell is used for the remote disassembly of irradiated fuel and material experiments. The absorber open-test assembly (AOTA) is a 12-m (40-ft)-long instrumented absorber (control-rod-material) test assembly. Its primary purpose is to characterize the FFTF control-rod-material reaction rate during reactor operation. Instrumentation allowed temperature and pressure measurements at various locations in several absorber pins during reactor operation. After residing several months in the reactor, the assembly was transferred to the IEM cell by the closed-loop ex-vessel machine (CLEM) for separation of the irradiated portion of the experiment from the instrument stalk. After separation, the 3.6-m (12-ft)-long assembly was processed through the sodium removal system and shipped off-site for examination. This success allowed the timely completion of a major task on the FFTF operations schedule.

  9. Two of the World's Most Powerful Computers work for NNSA | National

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Nuclear Security Administration Two of the World's Most Powerful Computers work for NNSA Monday, January 4, 2016 - 12:00pm NNSA Blog Two NNSA supercomputers-Trinity and Sequoia-are among the top six systems in the world, according to the 46th edition of the twice-yearly TOP500 list of the most powerful supercomputers released this month. Sequoia has been the world's third most powerful computer since June 2013, while Trinity is new to the top-ten list this fall in sixth place. NNSA's newest

  10. A Computing Environment to Support Repeatable Scientific Big Data Experimentation of World-Wide Scientific Literature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlicher, Bob G; Kulesz, James J; Abercrombie, Robert K; Kruse, Kara L

    2015-01-01

    A principal tenant of the scientific method is that experiments must be repeatable and relies on ceteris paribus (i.e., all other things being equal). As a scientific community, involved in data sciences, we must investigate ways to establish an environment where experiments can be repeated. We can no longer allude to where the data comes from, we must add rigor to the data collection and management process from which our analysis is conducted. This paper describes a computing environment to support repeatable scientific big data experimentation of world-wide scientific literature, and recommends a system that is housed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in order to provide value to investigators from government agencies, academic institutions, and industry entities. The described computing environment also adheres to the recently instituted digital data management plan mandated by multiple US government agencies, which involves all stages of the digital data life cycle including capture, analysis, sharing, and preservation. It particularly focuses on the sharing and preservation of digital research data. The details of this computing environment are explained within the context of cloud services by the three layer classification of Software as a Service , Platform as a Service , and Infrastructure as a Service .

  11. Computing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computing /newsroom/_assets/images/computing-icon.png Computing Providing world-class high performance computing capability that enables unsurpassed solutions to complex problems of strategic national interest. Health Space Computing Energy Earth Materials Science Technology The Lab All Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable

  12. ORISE: Helping to Provide Rare Access to World-Class Computing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at DOE national laboratories. Proposals were evaluated for scientific merit, suitability of algorithms to perform well on a system's architecture, and computational...

  13. computers

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Each successive generation of computing system has provided greater computing power and energy efficiency.

    CTS-1 clusters will support NNSA's Life Extension Program and...

  14. When worlds collide - Mac to MS-DOS. [Data transfer to and from Apple Macintosh computers and MS-DOS based personal computers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busbey, A.B.

    1989-04-01

    A number of methods and products, both hardware and software, to allow data exchange between Apple Macintosh computers and MS-DOS based systems. These included serial null modem connections, MS-DOS hardware and/or software emulation, MS-DOS disk-reading hardware and networking.

  15. Computations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Software Computations Uncertainty Quantification Stochastic About CRF Transportation Energy Consortiums Engine Combustion Heavy Duty Heavy Duty Low-Temperature & Diesel Combustion ...

  16. Computer

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    I. INTRODUCTION This paper presents several computational tools required for processing images of a heavy ion beam and estimating the magnetic field within a plasma. The...

  17. computers

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    California.

    Retired computers used for cybersecurity research at Sandia National...

  18. Los Alamos supercomputer remains fastest in world

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    world Los Alamos supercomputer remains fastest in world The latest list of the TOP500 computers in the world continued to place the Roadrunner supercomputer as fastest in the world...

  19. Computing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research in the Department of Energy Office of Science under contract number DE-AC02-05CH11231. Application and System Memory Use, ...

  20. International Energy Module

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    self-contained units which are linked by an integrating mechanism. The NEMS International Energy Module (IEM) computes world oil prices, provides a set of crude oil and refined...

    1. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: World Electricity Model

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2011-01-01

      This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) World Electricity Model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

    2. Computations

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computations - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced Nuclear

    3. Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2015

      U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

      International Energy Module The National Energy Modeling System International Energy Module (IEM) simulates the interaction between U.S. and global petroleum markets. It uses assumptions of economic growth and expectations of future U.S. and world crude-like liquids production and consumption to estimate the effects of changes in U.S. liquid fuels markets on the international petroleum market. For each year of the forecast, the IEM computes Brent and WTI prices, provides a supply curve of world

    4. Computing Videos

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computing Videos Computing

    5. The world's first nuclear detonation

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      The world's first nuclear detonation The world's first nuclear detonation Trinity was the culmination of a fantastic effort of groundbreaking science and engineering by hundreds of men and women at Los Alamos National Laboratory (and other Manhattan Project sites). It took them less than two years to change the world. July 10, 2015 x x "Highly accurate 3D computing is a Holy Grail of the Stockpile Stewardship Program's supercomputing efforts. As the weapons age, 3D features tend to be

    6. Careers | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      At the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility, we are helping to redefine what's possible in computational science. With some of the most powerful supercomputers in the world and a ...

    7. Neal Lane: Science in a Flat World

      ScienceCinema (OSTI)

      Neal Lane

      2010-09-01

      Lane discusses the changes that have taken place in the world since World War II that have made it "flatter," referring to Thomas L. Friedman's book, The World is Flat. Friedman's main premise is that inexpensive telecommunications is bringing about unhampered international competition, the demise of economic stability, and a trend toward outsourcing services, such as computer programming, engineering and science research.

    8. Student's algorithm solves real-world problem

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Student's algorithm solves real-world problem Supercomputing Challenge: student's algorithm solves real-world problem Students learn how to use powerful computers to analyze, model, and solve real-world problems. April 3, 2012 Jordon Medlock of Albuquerque's Manzano High School won the 2012 Lab-sponsored Supercomputing Challenge Jordon Medlock of Albuquerque's Manzano High School won the 2012 Lab-sponsored Supercomputing Challenge by creating a computer algorithm that automates the process of

    9. World Natural Gas Model

      Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

      1994-12-01

      RAMSGAS, the Research and Development Analysis Modeling System World Natural Gas Model, was developed to support planning of unconventional gaseoues fuels research and development. The model is a scenario analysis tool that can simulate the penetration of unconventional gas into world markets for oil and gas. Given a set of parameter values, the model estimates the natural gas supply and demand for the world for the period from 1980 to 2030. RAMSGAS is based onmore » a supply/demand framwork and also accounts for the non-renewable nature of gas resources. The model has three fundamental components: a demand module, a wellhead production cost module, and a supply/demand interface module. The demand for gas is a product of total demand for oil and gas in each of 9 demand regions and the gas share. Demand for oil and gas is forecast from the base year of 1980 through 2030 for each demand region, based on energy growth rates and price-induced conservation. For each of 11 conventional and 19 unconventional gas supply regions, wellhead production costs are calculated. To these are added transportation and distribution costs estimates associated with moving gas from the supply region to each of the demand regions and any economic rents. Based on a weighted average of these costs and the world price of oil, fuel shares for gas and oil are computed for each demand region. The gas demand is the gas fuel share multiplied by the total demand for oil plus gas. This demand is then met from the available supply regions in inverse proportion to the cost of gas from each region. The user has almost complete control over the cost estimates for each unconventional gas source in each year and thus can compare contributions from unconventional resources under different cost/price/demand scenarios.« less

    10. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Industrial Model

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2011-01-01

      This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) World Industrial Model (WIM). It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

    11. About ALCF | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      discoveries and engineering breakthroughs for humanity by designing and providing world-leading computing facilities in partnership with the computational science community. ...

    12. World's First Printed Car

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Rogers, Jay

      2015-06-03

      Local Motors partnered with ORNL to print the worlds first 3D-printed car (Strati) at the 2014 International Manufacturing Technology Show.

    13. WORLD EDITOR TRAINING GUIDE

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      ... World Editor Training Guide April 2013 ii . ... several components, this class focuses on using the World ... red, but they should be black until the cable connects. ...

    14. WCI - World Consensus Initiative

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      World Consensus Initiative 2005 Workshop Recap WCI 2004 Website WCI Book Contributed Papers

    15. World Crude Oil Prices

      U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

      World Crude Oil Prices (Dollars per Barrel) The data on this page are no longer available.

    16. World Bio Markets

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      Held in Amsterdam, Netherlands, the 10th anniversary World Bio Markets convened from March 1– 4, 2015.

    17. Computational mechanics

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Goudreau, G.L.

      1993-03-01

      The Computational Mechanics thrust area sponsors research into the underlying solid, structural and fluid mechanics and heat transfer necessary for the development of state-of-the-art general purpose computational software. The scale of computational capability spans office workstations, departmental computer servers, and Cray-class supercomputers. The DYNA, NIKE, and TOPAZ codes have achieved world fame through our broad collaborators program, in addition to their strong support of on-going Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) programs. Several technology transfer initiatives have been based on these established codes, teaming LLNL analysts and researchers with counterparts in industry, extending code capability to specific industrial interests of casting, metalforming, and automobile crash dynamics. The next-generation solid/structural mechanics code, ParaDyn, is targeted toward massively parallel computers, which will extend performance from gigaflop to teraflop power. Our work for FY-92 is described in the following eight articles: (1) Solution Strategies: New Approaches for Strongly Nonlinear Quasistatic Problems Using DYNA3D; (2) Enhanced Enforcement of Mechanical Contact: The Method of Augmented Lagrangians; (3) ParaDyn: New Generation Solid/Structural Mechanics Codes for Massively Parallel Processors; (4) Composite Damage Modeling; (5) HYDRA: A Parallel/Vector Flow Solver for Three-Dimensional, Transient, Incompressible Viscous How; (6) Development and Testing of the TRIM3D Radiation Heat Transfer Code; (7) A Methodology for Calculating the Seismic Response of Critical Structures; and (8) Reinforced Concrete Damage Modeling.

    18. Information Science, Computing, Applied Math

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Information Science, Computing, Applied Math /science-innovation/_assets/images/icon-science.jpg Information Science, Computing, Applied Math National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos National Laboratory for the best of both. No place on Earth pursues a broader array of world-class scientific endeavors. Computer, Computational, and Statistical Sciences (CCS)» High Performance Computing (HPC)» Extreme Scale Computing, Co-design» supercomputing

    19. Oak Ridge 'Jaguar' Supercomputer is World's Fastest | Department of Energy

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Ridge 'Jaguar' Supercomputer is World's Fastest Oak Ridge 'Jaguar' Supercomputer is World's Fastest November 16, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC -An upgrade to a Cray XT5 high-performance computing system deployed by the Department of Energy has made the "Jaguar" supercomputer the world's fastest. Located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Jaguar is the scientific research community's most powerful computational tool for exploring solutions to some of today's most difficult

    20. A MATERIAL WORLD Tailoring Materials

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      WINTER* 2000-2001 A MATERIAL WORLD Tailoring Materials for the Future A QUARTERLY RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT JOURNAL VOLUME 2, NO. 4 ALSO: New Materials for Microsystems Predictive Modeling Meets the Challenge S A N D I A T E C H N O L O G Y ON THE COVER: Bonnie Mckenzie operates a dual beam Focused Ion Beam/Scanning Electron Microscope (FIB/SEM). The image on the computer screen shows a cross section of a radiation-hardened device. The cross section was rendered with the FIB/SEM and allowed the

    1. Magellan: A Cloud Computing Testbed

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Magellan News & Announcements Archive Petascale Initiative Exascale Computing APEX Home » R & D » Archive » Magellan: A Cloud Computing Testbed Magellan: A Cloud Computing Testbed Cloud computing is gaining a foothold in the business world, but can clouds meet the specialized needs of scientists? That was one of the questions NERSC's Magellan cloud computing testbed explored between 2009 and 2011. The goal of Magellan, a project funded through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oce

    2. Software and High Performance Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Software and High Performance Computing Software and High Performance Computing Providing world-class high performance computing capability that enables unsurpassed solutions to complex problems of strategic national interest Contact thumbnail of Kathleen McDonald Head of Intellectual Property, Business Development Executive Kathleen McDonald Richard P. Feynman Center for Innovation (505) 667-5844 Email Software Computational physics, computer science, applied mathematics, statistics and the

    3. Computing and Computational Sciences Directorate - Computer Science...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computer Science and Mathematics Division The Computer Science and Mathematics Division (CSMD) is ORNL's premier source of basic and applied research in high-performance computing, ...

    4. World Bio Markets

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      The World Bio Markets meeting will held from March 14-17, 2016 in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The meeting will gather experts in the bioenergy industry from all over the world. Bioenergy Technologies Office Demonstration and Market Transformation Program Manager Jim Spaeth will be giving a presentation entitled, “Policy updates and outlooks from key biofuel markets,” and will discuss technical, policy and investment developments, and success stories.

    5. Computation & Simulation > Theory & Computation > Research >...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      it. Click above to view. computational2 computational3 In This Section Computation & Simulation Computation & Simulation Extensive combinatorial results and ongoing basic...

    6. High Performance Computing at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      High Performance Computing at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility Go to Menu Page 2 Outline * Our Mission * Computer Systems: Present, Past, Future * Challenges Along the Way * Resources for Users Go to Menu Page 3 Our Mission Go to Menu Page 4 * World's most powerful computing facility * Nation's largest concentration of open source materials research * $1.3B budget * 4,250 employees * 3,900 research guests annually * $350 million invested in modernization * Nation's most diverse energy

    7. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Greenhouse Gases Model

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2011-01-01

      This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) Greenhouse Gases Model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

    8. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Residential Model

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2011-01-01

      This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) Residential Model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

    9. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Natural Gas Model

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2011-01-01

      This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) Natural Gas Model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

    10. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Main Model

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2011-01-01

      This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) Main Model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

    11. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Coal Model

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2011-01-01

      This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) Coal Model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

    12. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Refinery Model

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2011-01-01

      This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) Refinery Model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

    13. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Commercial Model

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2011-01-01

      This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) Commercial Model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

    14. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: District Heat Model

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2011-01-01

      This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) District Heat Model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

    15. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Transportation Model

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2011-01-01

      This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) International Transportation model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

    16. Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computing Computing is indispensable to science at Fermilab. High-energy physics experiments generate an astounding amount of data that physicists need to store, analyze and communicate with others. Cutting-edge technology allows scientists to work quickly and efficiently to advance our understanding of the world . Fermilab's Computing Division is recognized for its expertise in handling huge amounts of data, its success in high-speed parallel computing and its willingness to take its craft in

    17. DOE's Oak Ridge Supercomputer Now World's Fastest for Open Science |

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Department of Energy Supercomputer Now World's Fastest for Open Science DOE's Oak Ridge Supercomputer Now World's Fastest for Open Science November 10, 2008 - 4:47pm Addthis OAK RIDGE, Tenn. -- The latest upgrade to the Cray XT Jaguar supercomputer at the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has increased the system's computing power to a peak 1.64 "petaflops," or quadrillion mathematical calculations per second, making Jaguar the world's first

    18. World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ): Global Activity Module

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2013-01-01

      World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Global Activity Module Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the World Energy Projection Plus (WEPS ) Global Activity Module (GAM) used to develop the International Energy Outlook for 2013 (IEO2013). The report catalogues and describes the module assumptions, computations, methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and mainframe source code.

    19. World Energy | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      World Energy Name: World Energy Address: 2 Constitution Center Place: Boston, Massachusetts Zip: 02129 Region: Greater Boston Area Sector: Biofuels Product: Provider of biodiesel...

    20. Sunergy World | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      World Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sunergy World Place: Boise, Idaho Zip: 83707 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Idaho-based wind and solar project developer. References:...

    1. Computing and Computational Sciences Directorate - Computer Science...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computer Science and Mathematics Division Citation: For exemplary administrative secretarial support to the Computer Science and Mathematics Division and to the ORNL ...

    2. Once the World's Fastest Supercomputer; Central to

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      End of the road for Roadrunner March 29, 2013 Once the World's Fastest Supercomputer; Central to the Success of Stockpile Stewardship LOS ALAMOS, N. M., March 29, 2013-Roadrunner, the first supercomputer to break the once-elusive petaflop barrier-one million billion calculations per second-will be decommissioned on Sunday, March 31. During its five operational years, Roadrunner, part of the National Nuclear Security Administration's Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) program to provide key

    3. Computing and Computational Sciences Directorate - Computer Science...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Supercomputing Oak Ridge National Laboratory is home to several of the world's most powerful supercomputing resources. Each of these resources is dedicated to delivering ...

    4. Computers as tools

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Eriksson, I.V.

      1994-12-31

      The following message was recently posted on a bulletin board and clearly shows the relevance of the conference theme: {open_quotes}The computer and digital networks seem poised to change whole regions of human activity -- how we record knowledge, communicate, learn, work, understand ourselves and the world. What`s the best framework for understanding this digitalization, or virtualization, of seemingly everything? ... Clearly, symbolic tools like the alphabet, book, and mechanical clock have changed some of our most fundamental notions -- self, identity, mind, nature, time, space. Can we say what the computer, a purely symbolic {open_quotes}machine,{close_quotes} is doing to our thinking in these areas? Or is it too early to say, given how much more powerful and less expensive the technology seems destinated to become in the next few decades?{close_quotes} (Verity, 1994) Computers certainly affect our lives and way of thinking but what have computers to do with ethics? A narrow approach would be that on the one hand people can and do abuse computer systems and on the other hand people can be abused by them. Weli known examples of the former are computer comes such as the theft of money, services and information. The latter can be exemplified by violation of privacy, health hazards and computer monitoring. Broadening the concept from computers to information systems (ISs) and information technology (IT) gives a wider perspective. Computers are just the hardware part of information systems which also include software, people and data. Information technology is the concept preferred today. It extends to communication, which is an essential part of information processing. Now let us repeat the question: What has IT to do with ethics? Verity mentioned changes in {open_quotes}how we record knowledge, communicate, learn, work, understand ourselves and the world{close_quotes}.

    5. WATER-TRAPPED WORLDS

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Menou, Kristen [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, 550 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States)

      2013-09-01

      Although tidally locked habitable planets orbiting nearby M-dwarf stars are among the best astronomical targets to search for extrasolar life, they may also be deficient in volatiles and water. Climate models for this class of planets show atmospheric transport of water from the dayside to the nightside, where it is precipitated as snow and trapped as ice. Since ice only slowly flows back to the dayside upon accumulation, the resulting hydrological cycle can trap a large amount of water in the form of nightside ice. Using ice sheet dynamical and thermodynamical constraints, I illustrate how planets with less than about a quarter the Earth's oceans could trap most of their surface water on the nightside. This would leave their dayside, where habitable conditions are met, potentially dry. The amount and distribution of residual liquid water on the dayside depend on a variety of geophysical factors, including the efficiency of rock weathering at regulating atmospheric CO{sub 2} as dayside ocean basins dry up. Water-trapped worlds with dry daysides may offer similar advantages as land planets for habitability, by contrast with worlds where more abundant water freely flows around the globe.

    6. World Biofuels Study

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Alfstad,T.

      2008-10-01

      This report forms part of a project entitled 'World Biofuels Study'. The objective is to study world biofuel markets and to examine the possible contribution that biofuel imports could make to help meet the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA). The study was sponsored by the Biomass Program of the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), U.S. Department of Energy. It is a collaborative effort among the Office of Policy and International Affairs (PI), Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The project consisted of three main components: (1) Assessment of the resource potential for biofuel feedstocks such as sugarcane, grains, soybean, palm oil and lignocellulosic crops and development of supply curves (ORNL). (2) Assessment of the cost and performance of biofuel production technologies (NREL). (3) Scenario-based analysis of world biofuel markets using the ETP global energy model with data developed in the first parts of the study (BNL). This report covers the modeling and analysis part of the project conducted by BNL in cooperation with PI. The Energy Technology Perspectives (ETP) energy system model was used as the analytical tool for this study. ETP is a 15 region global model designed using the MARKAL framework. MARKAL-based models are partial equilibrium models that incorporate a description of the physical energy system and provide a bottom-up approach to study the entire energy system. ETP was updated for this study with biomass resource data and biofuel production technology cost and performance data developed by ORNL and NREL under Tasks 1 and 2 of this project. Many countries around the world are embarking on ambitious biofuel policies through renewable fuel standards and economic incentives. As a result, the global biofuel demand is expected to grow very rapidly over the next two decades, provided policymakers stay the course with their policy goals. This project relied on a scenario-based analysis to study global biofuel markets. Scenarios were designed to evaluate the impact of different policy proposals and market conditions. World biofuel supply for selected scenarios is shown in Figure 1. The reference case total biofuel production increases from 12 billion gallons of ethanol equivalent in 2005 to 54 billion gallons in 2020 and 83 billion gallons in 2030. The scenarios analyzed show volumes ranging from 46 to 64 billion gallons in 2020, and from about 72 to about 100 billion gallons in 2030. The highest production worldwide occurs in the scenario with high feedstock availability combined with high oil prices and more rapid improvements in cellulosic biofuel conversion technologies. The lowest global production is found in the scenario with low feedstock availability, low oil prices and slower technology progress.

    7. Wind World | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Wind World Place: Denmark Sector: Wind energy Product: WindWorld was a turbine manufacturer that was purchased by NEG Micon in 1998. NEG Micon was then purchased by Vestas in 2003....

    8. Compute nodes

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Compute nodes Compute nodes Click here to see more detailed hierachical map of the topology of a compute node. Last edited: 2016-04-29 11:35:0

    9. Computer System,

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      undergraduate summer institute http:isti.lanl.gov (Educational Prog) 2016 Computer System, Cluster, and Networking Summer Institute Purpose The Computer System,...

    10. Exascale Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      DesignForward FastForward CAL Partnerships Shifter: User Defined Images Archive APEX Home R & D Exascale Computing Exascale Computing Moving forward into the exascale era, ...

    11. World nuclear outlook 1994

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      1994-12-01

      As part of the EIA program to provide energy information, this analysis report presents the current status and projections through 2010 of nuclear capacity, generation, and fuel cycle requirements for all countries in the world using nuclear power to generate electricity for commercial use. It also contains information and forecasts of developments in the uranium market. Long-term projections of US nuclear capacity, generation, and spent fuel discharges for three different scenarios through 2040 are developed for the Department of Energy`s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM). In turn, the OCRWM provides partial funding for preparation of this report. The projections of uranium requirements are provided to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) for preparation of the Nuclear Energy Agency/OECD report, Summary of Nuclear Power and Fuel Cycle Data in OECD Member Countries.

    12. World nuclear outlook 1995

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      1995-09-29

      As part of the EIA program to provide energy information, this analysis report presents the current status and projections through 2015 of nuclear capacity, generation, and fuel cycle requirements for all countries in the world using nuclear power to generate electricity for commercial use. It also contains information and forecasts of developments in the uranium market. Long-term projections of US nuclear capacity, generation, and spent fuel discharges for two different scenarios through 2040 are developed for the Department of Energy`s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM). In turn, the OCRWM provides partial funding for preparation of this report. The projections of uranium requirements are provided to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) for preparation of the Nuclear Energy Agency/OECD report, Summary of Nuclear Power and Fuel Cycle Data in OECD Member Countries.

    13. Computing | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

      Office of Science (SC) Website

      Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Computing: the World Wide Web CERN scientist Tim Berners-Lee developed the World Wide Web to give particle physicists a tool to ...

    14. Computing Sciences

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computing Sciences Our Vision National User Facilities Research Areas In Focus Global Solutions ⇒ Navigate Section Our Vision National User Facilities Research Areas In Focus Global Solutions Computational Research Division The Computational Research Division conducts research and development in mathematical modeling and simulation, algorithm design, data storage, management and analysis, computer system architecture and high-performance software implementation. Scientific Networking

    15. Thematic World Wide Web Visualization System

      Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

      1996-10-10

      WebTheme is a system designed to facilitate world wide web information access and retrieval through visualization. It consists of two principal pieces, a WebTheme Server which allows users to enter in a query and automatocally harvest and process information of interest, and a WebTheme browser, which allows users to work with both Galaxies and Themescape visualizations of their data within a JAVA capable world wide web browser. WebTheme is an Internet solution, meaning that accessmore » to the server and the resulting visualizations can all be performed through the use of a WWW browser. This allows users to access and interact with SPIRE (Spatial Paradigm for Information Retrieval and Exploration) based visualizations through a web browser regardless of what computer platforms they are running on. WebTheme is specifically designed to create databases by harvesting and processing WWW home pages available on the Internet.« less

    16. Computing Information

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Information From here you can find information relating to: Obtaining the right computer accounts. Using NIC terminals. Using BooNE's Computing Resources, including: Choosing your desktop. Kerberos. AFS. Printing. Recommended applications for various common tasks. Running CPU- or IO-intensive programs (batch jobs) Commonly encountered problems Computing support within BooNE Bringing a computer to FNAL, or purchasing a new one. Laptops. The Computer Security Program Plan for MiniBooNE The

    17. Groundbreaking Leader of Computation at LLNL Retires | National...

      National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

      her retirement last week after 15 years of leading Livermore's Computation ... world-class organization for nearly 15 years," Crawford said. "I have the utmost ...

    18. INCITE grants awarded to 56 computational research projects ...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      "The INCITE program drives some of the world's most ambitious and groundbreaking computational research in science and engineering," said James Hack, director of the National ...

    19. Human-computer interface

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Anderson, Thomas G.

      2004-12-21

      The present invention provides a method of human-computer interfacing. Force feedback allows intuitive navigation and control near a boundary between regions in a computer-represented space. For example, the method allows a user to interact with a virtual craft, then push through the windshield of the craft to interact with the virtual world surrounding the craft. As another example, the method allows a user to feel transitions between different control domains of a computer representation of a space. The method can provide for force feedback that increases as a user's locus of interaction moves near a boundary, then perceptibly changes (e.g., abruptly drops or changes direction) when the boundary is traversed.

    20. Computing Resources

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Cluster-Image TRACC RESEARCH Computational Fluid Dynamics Computational Structural Mechanics Transportation Systems Modeling Computing Resources The TRACC Computational Clusters With the addition of a new cluster called Zephyr that was made operational in September of this year (2012), TRACC now offers two clusters to choose from: Zephyr and our original cluster that has now been named Phoenix. Zephyr was acquired from Atipa technologies, and it is a 92-node system with each node having two AMD

    1. National Energ y Research Scientific Computing Center

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Annual Report This work was supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC 03-76SF00098. LBNL-49186, December 2001 National Energ y Research Scientific Computing Center 2001 Annual Report NERSC aspires to be a world leader in accelerating scientific discovery through computation. Our vision is to provide high- performance computing tools to tackle science's biggest and most challenging

    2. Compute Nodes

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Compute Nodes Compute Nodes Quad CoreAMDOpteronprocessor Compute Node Configuration 9,572 nodes 1 quad-core AMD 'Budapest' 2.3 GHz processor per node 4 cores per node (38,288 total cores) 8 GB DDR3 800 MHz memory per node Peak Gflop rate 9.2 Gflops/core 36.8 Gflops/node 352 Tflops for the entire machine Each core has their own L1 and L2 caches, with 64 KB and 512KB respectively 2 MB L3 cache shared among the 4 cores Compute Node Software By default the compute nodes run a restricted low-overhead

    3. Our Teams | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      About Overview History Staff Directory Our Teams User Advisory Council Careers Margaret Butler Fellowship Visiting Us Contact Us Expert Teams World-Class Expertise Our talented and diverse staff help make the ALCF one of the world's premier centers for computational science and engineering. Catalysts Catalysts are computational scientists who work directly with project teams to maximize and accelerate their research efforts. With multidisciplinary domain expertise, a deep knowledge of the ALCF

    4. Sandia National Laboratories: Advanced Simulation and Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Facebook Twitter YouTube Flickr RSS Advanced Simulation and Computing Advanced Simulation and Computing Taking on the World's Complex Challenges Advancing Science Frontiers Our research is producing new scientific insights about the world in which we live and assists in certifying the safety and reliability of the nation's nuclear weapons stockpile. Technology Provides the Tools Growth in data and the software and hardware demands needed for physics-based answers and predictive capabilities are

    5. Solar World USA not SolarWorld AG | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      World USA not SolarWorld AG Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar World USA (not SolarWorld AG) Place: Colorado Springs, Colorado Zip: 80907 Sector: Solar Product: Solar World...

    6. Extensible Computational Chemistry Environment

      Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

      2012-08-09

      ECCE provides a sophisticated graphical user interface, scientific visualization tools, and the underlying data management framework enabling scientists to efficiently set up calculations and store, retrieve, and analyze the rapidly growing volumes of data produced by computational chemistry studies. ECCE was conceived as part of the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory construction to solve the problem of researchers being able to effectively utilize complex computational chemistry codes and massively parallel high performance compute resources. Bringing themore » power of these codes and resources to the desktops of researcher and thus enabling world class research without users needing a detailed understanding of the inner workings of either the theoretical codes or the supercomputers needed to run them was a grand challenge problem in the original version of the EMSL. ECCE allows collaboration among researchers using a web-based data repository where the inputs and results for all calculations done within ECCE are organized. ECCE is a first of kind end-to-end problem solving environment for all phases of computational chemistry research: setting up calculations with sophisticated GUI and direct manipulation visualization tools, submitting and monitoring calculations on remote high performance supercomputers without having to be familiar with the details of using these compute resources, and performing results visualization and analysis including creating publication quality images. ECCE is a suite of tightly integrated applications that are employed as the user moves through the modeling process.« less

    7. Computing Events

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Laboratory (pdf) DOENNSA Laboratories Fulfill National Mission with Trinity and Cielo Petascale Computers (pdf) Exascale Co-design Center for Materials in Extreme...

    8. Computational Science

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      ... Advanced Materials Laboratory Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies Combustion Research Facility Computational Science Research Institute Joint BioEnergy Institute About EC News ...

    9. Computer Science

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Cite Seer Department of Energy provided open access science research citations in chemistry, physics, materials, engineering, and computer science IEEE Xplore Full text...

    10. Computer Security

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computer Security All JLF participants must fully comply with all LLNL computer security regulations and procedures. A laptop entering or leaving B-174 for the sole use by a US citizen and so configured, and requiring no IP address, need not be registered for use in the JLF. By September 2009, it is expected that computers for use by Foreign National Investigators will have no special provisions. Notify maricle1@llnl.gov of all other computers entering, leaving, or being moved within B 174. Use

    11. Computing and Computational Sciences Directorate - Divisions

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      CCSD Divisions Computational Sciences and Engineering Computer Sciences and Mathematics Information Technolgoy Services Joint Institute for Computational Sciences National Center ...

    12. Computing and Computational Sciences Directorate - Contacts

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Home About Us Contacts Jeff Nichols Associate Laboratory Director Computing and Computational Sciences Becky Verastegui Directorate Operations Manager Computing and...

    13. World's Most Efficient Solar Cell

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Construction | Department of Energy World's Largest Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Project Begins Construction World's Largest Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Project Begins Construction July 15, 2014 - 9:55am Addthis News Media Contact 202-586-4940 Department of Energy Supported Project Will Capture 1.4 Million Tons of CO2 Annually Washington, D.C. - Today, the Department of Energy - in partnership with NRG Energy Inc. and JX Nippon - announced that construction has begun on the first

    14. Computer, Computational, and Statistical Sciences

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      ... Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) Research Applied Computer Science Co-design ...

    15. Compute Nodes

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Compute Nodes Compute Nodes There are currently 2632 nodes available on PDSF. The compute (batch) nodes at PDSF are heterogenous, reflecting the periodic procurement of new nodes (and the eventual retirement of old nodes). From the user's perspective they are essentially all equivalent except that some have more memory per job slot. If your jobs have memory requirements beyond the default maximum of 1.1GB you should specify that in your job submission and the batch system will run your job on an

    16. PV World Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      World Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: PV World Co Ltd Place: Singapore Product: Singapore-based PV module manufacturer. References: PV World Co Ltd1 This article is a...

    17. High Performance Computing Student Career Resources

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      HPC » Students High Performance Computing Student Career Resources Explore the multiple dimensions of a career at Los Alamos Lab: work with the best minds on the planet in an inclusive environment that is rich in intellectual vitality and opportunities for growth. Contact Us Student Liaison Josephine Kilde (505) 667-5086 Email High Performance Computing Capabilities The High Performance Computing (HPC) Division supports the Laboratory mission by managing world-class Supercomputing Centers. Our

    18. Jr. Computer Technician | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computer Technician Department: Information Technology Supervisor(s): Bill Davis Staff: TSS 03 Requisition Number: 1600256 Position Summary: The Princeton University Plasma Physics Laboratory, is a world-renowned fusion energy research center under contract with the U. S. Department of Energy. We are seeking a Junior Computer Technician to design, build and deploy computer systems meeting performance guidelines. To install diagnostic equipment and specialized data acquisitions equipment

    19. Compute Nodes

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Nodes Quad CoreAMDOpteronprocessor Compute Node Configuration 9,572 nodes 1 quad-core AMD 'Budapest' 2.3 GHz processor per node 4 cores per node (38,288 total cores) 8 GB...

    20. World`s LPG supply picture will change by 2000

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      True, W.R.

      1995-11-06

      Middle East LPG producers will continue to dominate world export markets in 1996. Led by Saudi Arabia, the Middle East will produce nearly 26 million metric tons of LPG in million metric tons of LPG in 1996, more than 54% of the world`s almost 48 million metric tons of export LPG. In 2000, however, with world exports of LPG expanding to 58.9 million metric tons, Middle East suppliers; share will have remained flat, making up 31.7 million metric tons, or 53.9%. Saudi Arabia`s contribution will exceed 15 million metric tons, reflecting essentially no growth since 1995. These and other patterns, from data compiled by Purvin and Gertz, Dallas, and published earlier this year, show other suppliers of LPG, especially African (Algeria/Nigeria), North Sea, and Latin American (Venezuela/Argentina), picking up larger shares in the last 5 years of this decade. This scenario assumes completion of several major supply projects that are either panned, under construction, or nearing start up in most of these areas. The paper discusses the global picture, the supply situation in the Middle East, Africa, the North Sea, and South America.

    1. LHC Computing

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Lincoln, Don

      2015-07-28

      The LHC is the world’s highest energy particle accelerator and scientists use it to record an unprecedented amount of data. This data is recorded in electronic format and it requires an enormous computational infrastructure to convert the raw data into conclusions about the fundamental rules that govern matter. In this video, Fermilab’s Dr. Don Lincoln gives us a sense of just how much data is involved and the incredible computer resources that makes it all possible.

    2. Save the World Air | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      the World Air Jump to: navigation, search Name: Save the World Air Place: Santa Barbara, California Zip: 93101 Product: California-based, device manufacturer for better fuel...

    3. World Health Organization (WHO) | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Health Organization (WHO) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: World Health Organization (WHO) Name: World Health Organization (WHO) Address: 20, avenue Appia 1211 Geneva, Switzerland...

    4. SolarWorld AG | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      SolarWorld AG Jump to: navigation, search Name: SolarWorld AG Place: Bonn, Germany Zip: 53113 Product: Vertically integrated PV manufacturer, with factories in Freiberg, Germany...

    5. Sustainable World Capital | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      World Capital Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sustainable World Capital Place: Atlanta, Georgia Zip: 30326 Product: Atlanta-based firm that connects companies with institutional...

    6. Renewed World Energies | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Renewed World Energies Jump to: navigation, search Name: Renewed World Energies Place: Georgetown, South Carolina Zip: 29440 Product: South Carolina-based closed loop...

    7. World Wind Energy Association | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Association Jump to: navigation, search Logo: World Wind Energy Association Name: World Wind Energy Association Address: Charles-de-Gaulle-Str. 5 Place: Bonn, Germany Phone Number:...

    8. 10 science highlights celebrating 10 years of Argonne Leadership Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Facility | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility 10 science highlights celebrating 10 years of Argonne Leadership Computing Facility Author: Louise Lerner February 2, 2016 Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Google E-mail Printer-friendly version This week, the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility, a DOE Office of Science User Facility, turns one decade old. ALCF is home to Mira, the world's fifth-fastest supercomputer, along with teams of experts that help researchers from all over the world perform

    9. Argonne pushing boundaries of computing in engine simulations | Argonne

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      National Laboratory The work will be conducted on MIRA, which is currently the fifth-fastest supercomputer in the world and serves as the epicenter of the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility. (Click image to view larger.) The work will be conducted on MIRA, which is currently the fifth-fastest supercomputer in the world and serves as the epicenter of the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility. (Click image to view larger.) Argonne pushing boundaries of computing in engine simulations By

    10. 3D World Building System

      ScienceCinema (OSTI)

      None

      2014-02-26

      This video provides an overview of the Sandia National Laboratories developed 3-D World Model Building capability that provides users with an immersive, texture rich 3-D model of their environment in minutes using a laptop and color and depth camera.

    11. World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      Held this year in Montreal, Quebec, the BIO World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology will bring together business leaders, investors, and policy makers in biofuels, biobased products, and renewable chemicals. BETO Demonstration and Market Transformation Program Manager Jim Spaeth and Support Specialist Natalie Roberts will be in attendance.

    12. The world`s first commercial iron carbide plant

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Prichard, L.C.; Schad, D.

      1995-12-01

      The paper traces the development of Nucor`s investigation of clean iron unit processes, namely, direct reduction, and the decision to build and operate the world`s first commercial iron carbide plant. They first investigated coal based processes since the US has abundant coal reserves, but found a variety of reasons for dropping the coal-based processes from further consideration. A natural gas based process was selected, but the failure to find economically priced gas supplies stopped the development of a US based venture. It was later found that Trinidad had economically priced and abundant supplies of natural gas, and the system of government, the use of English language, and geographic location were also ideal. The cost estimates required modification of the design, but the plant was begun in April, 1993. Start-up problems with the plant are also discussed. Production should commence shortly.

    13. Compute Nodes

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Compute Nodes Compute Nodes MC-proc.png Compute Node Configuration 6,384 nodes 2 twelve-core AMD 'MagnyCours' 2.1-GHz processors per node (see die image to the right and schematic below) 24 cores per node (153,216 total cores) 32 GB DDR3 1333-MHz memory per node (6,000 nodes) 64 GB DDR3 1333-MHz memory per node (384 nodes) Peak Gflop/s rate: 8.4 Gflops/core 201.6 Gflops/node 1.28 Peta-flops for the entire machine Each core has its own L1 and L2 caches, with 64 KB and 512KB respectively One 6-MB

    14. World`s developing regions provide spark for pipeline construction

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Koen, A.D.; True, W.R.

      1996-02-05

      This paper reviews the proposed construction of oil and gas pipelines which are underway or proposed to be started in 1996. It breaks down the projects by region of the world, type of product to be carried, and diameter of pipeline. It also provides mileage for each category of pipeline. Major projects in each region are more thoroughly discussed giving details on construction expenditures, construction problems, and political issues.

    15. Computational mechanics

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Raboin, P J

      1998-01-01

      The Computational Mechanics thrust area is a vital and growing facet of the Mechanical Engineering Department at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). This work supports the development of computational analysis tools in the areas of structural mechanics and heat transfer. Over 75 analysts depend on thrust area-supported software running on a variety of computing platforms to meet the demands of LLNL programs. Interactions with the Department of Defense (DOD) High Performance Computing and Modernization Program and the Defense Special Weapons Agency are of special importance as they support our ParaDyn project in its development of new parallel capabilities for DYNA3D. Working with DOD customers has been invaluable to driving this technology in directions mutually beneficial to the Department of Energy. Other projects associated with the Computational Mechanics thrust area include work with the Partnership for a New Generation Vehicle (PNGV) for ''Springback Predictability'' and with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for the ''Development of Methodologies for Evaluating Containment and Mitigation of Uncontained Engine Debris.'' In this report for FY-97, there are five articles detailing three code development activities and two projects that synthesized new code capabilities with new analytic research in damage/failure and biomechanics. The article this year are: (1) Energy- and Momentum-Conserving Rigid-Body Contact for NIKE3D and DYNA3D; (2) Computational Modeling of Prosthetics: A New Approach to Implant Design; (3) Characterization of Laser-Induced Mechanical Failure Damage of Optical Components; (4) Parallel Algorithm Research for Solid Mechanics Applications Using Finite Element Analysis; and (5) An Accurate One-Step Elasto-Plasticity Algorithm for Shell Elements in DYNA3D.

    16. Looking for Darwin's Footprints in the Microbial World

      Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

      Looking for Darwin's footprints in the microbial world B. Jesse Shapiro 1 , Lawrence A. David 1 , Jonathan Friedman 1 , & Eric J. Alm 1,2,3,4,5 1 Program in Computational and Systems Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 2 Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 3 Department of Civil Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 4 The Virtual Institute of Microbial Stress and Survival,

    17. Advanced Simulation and Computing Program

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Program Unstable intermixing of heavy (sulfur hexafluoride) and light fluid (air). Show Caption Turbulence generated by unstable fluid flow. Show Caption Examining the effects of a one-megaton nuclear energy source detonated on the surface of an asteroid. Show Caption Los Alamos National Laboratory is home to two of the world's most powerful supercomputers, each capable of performing more than 1,000 trillion operations per second. The newer one, Cielo, was

    18. Advanced Scientific Computing Research

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Advanced Scientific Computing Research Advanced Scientific Computing Research Discovering, ... The DOE Office of Science's Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) program ...

    19. Computationally Enhanced Mobility | Argonne National Laboratory

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computationally Enhanced Mobility Argonne's new integrated transportation modeling ecosystem provides the unprecedented ability to explore the widespread real-world impact of intelligent transportation systems on mobility, energy and the environment. Argonne's new integrated transportation modeling ecosystem provides the unprecedented ability to explore the widespread real-world impact of intelligent transportation systems on mobility, energy and the environment. The U.S. Department of Energy's

    20. Computing at JLab

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      JLab --- Accelerator Controls CAD CDEV CODA Computer Center High Performance Computing Scientific Computing JLab Computer Silo maintained by webmaster@jlab.org...

    1. CIA-The World Factbook | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Dataset Website: www.cia.govlibrarypublicationsthe-world-factbookindex.html Cost: Free CIA-The World Factbook Screenshot References: CIA-The World Factbook1 "The World...

    2. Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Computing | Grid Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Grid Computing Center interior. Grid Computing Center interior. Computing Grid Computing As high-energy physics experiments grow larger in scope, they require more computing power to process and analyze data. Laboratories purchase rooms full of computer nodes for experiments to use. But many experiments need even more capacity during peak periods . And some experiments do not need to use all of their computing power all of the time. In the early 2000s, members of Fermilab's Computing Division

    3. RATIO COMPUTER

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Post, R.F.

      1958-11-11

      An electronic computer circuit is described for producing an output voltage proportional to the product or quotient of tbe voltages of a pair of input signals. ln essence, the disclosed invention provides a computer having two channels adapted to receive separate input signals and each having amplifiers with like fixed amplification factors and like negatlve feedback amplifiers. One of the channels receives a constant signal for comparison purposes, whereby a difference signal is produced to control the amplification factors of the variable feedback amplifiers. The output of the other channel is thereby proportional to the product or quotient of input signals depending upon the relation of input to fixed signals in the first mentioned channel.

    4. Computer System,

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      System, Cluster, and Networking Summer Institute New Mexico Consortium and Los Alamos National Laboratory HOW TO APPLY Applications will be accepted JANUARY 5 - FEBRUARY 13, 2016 Computing and Information Technology undegraduate students are encouraged to apply. Must be a U.S. citizen. * Submit a current resume; * Offcial University Transcript (with spring courses posted and/or a copy of spring 2016 schedule) 3.0 GPA minimum; * One Letter of Recommendation from a Faculty Member; and * Letter of

    5. World frontiers beckon oil finders

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Not Available

      1991-09-01

      This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

    6. THE WORLD'S Biggest Fan Collection

      Energy Savers [EERE]

      WORLD'S Biggest Fan Collection If you only know the Big Ass Fan Company as the preeminent designer and manufacturer of high volume, low speed fans for factories and cows, it's time you get to know us better. While we continue to lead the way in industrial and agricultural air movement, we've also refined these designs to bring the same innovation and benefits of our famous fans to circulate an ocean of air in sound-sensitive commercial spaces and homes. And when our customers said they wanted

    7. ClearWorld Now | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Now Place: Beijing, China Zip: 100027 Product: China-based operational investment arm of ClearWorld Energy Ltd. References: ClearWorld Now1 This article is a stub. You can...

    8. SolarWorld Korea | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Korea-based JV set up by SolarWorld AG and SolarPark Engineering Co Ltd aimed at manufacturing solar modules and installing utility-scale PV projects. References: SolarWorld...

    9. STEO January 2013 - world oil prices

      U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

      Gap between U.S. and world oil prices to be cut by more than half over next two years The current wide price gap between a key U.S. and a world benchmark crude oil is expected to ...

    10. World Energy Projection System model documentation

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Hutzler, M.J.; Anderson, A.T.

      1997-09-01

      The World Energy Projection System (WEPS) was developed by the Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting within the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the independent statistical and analytical agency of the US Department of Energy. WEPS is an integrated set of personal computer based spreadsheets containing data compilations, assumption specifications, descriptive analysis procedures, and projection models. The WEPS accounting framework incorporates projections from independently documented models and assumptions about the future energy intensity of economic activity (ratios of total energy consumption divided by gross domestic product GDP), and about the rate of incremental energy requirements met by natural gas, coal, and renewable energy sources (hydroelectricity, geothermal, solar, wind, biomass, and other renewable resources). Projections produced by WEPS are published in the annual report, International Energy Outlook. This report documents the structure and procedures incorporated in the 1998 version of the WEPS model. It has been written to provide an overview of the structure of the system and technical details about the operation of each component of the model for persons who wish to know how WEPS projections are produced by EIA.

    11. Extreme Scale Computing, Co-design

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Extreme Scale Computing, Co-design Informing system design, ensuring productive and efficient code Project Description To address the increasingly complex problems of the modern world, scientists at Los Alamos are pushing the scale of computing to the extreme, forming partnerships with other national laboratories and industry to develop supercomputers that can achieve "exaflop" speeds-that is, a quintillion (a million trillion) calculations per second. To put such speed in perspective,

    12. Computing and Computational Sciences Directorate - Joint Institute...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      (JICS). JICS combines the experience and expertise in theoretical and computational science and engineering, computer science, and mathematics in these two institutions and ...

    13. High Performance Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      HPC INL Logo Home High-Performance Computing INL's high-performance computing center provides general use scientific computing capabilities to support the lab's efforts in advanced...

    14. Networks of the Future: Extending our senses into the physical world

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Extending our senses into the physical world Networks of the Future: Extending our senses into the physical world The picture of a future with wireless sensor networks is quickly coming into sharper focus through the work of Laboratory computer scientist Sami Ayyorgun. August 13, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable

    15. U.S. Department of Energy's New Supercomputer is Fastest in the World |

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Department of Energy New Supercomputer is Fastest in the World U.S. Department of Energy's New Supercomputer is Fastest in the World June 9, 2008 - 12:51pm Addthis Computer Breaks One Petaflop Barrier WASHINGTON, DC -U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman today announced that the new Roadrunner supercomputer is the first to achieve a petaflop of sustained performance. Roadrunner will be used by the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to perform calculations

    16. Computing for Finance

      ScienceCinema (OSTI)

      None

      2011-10-06

      The finance sector is one of the driving forces for the use of distributed or Grid computing for business purposes. The speakers will review the state-of-the-art of high performance computing in the financial sector, and provide insight into how different types of Grid computing ? from local clusters to global networks - are being applied to financial applications. They will also describe the use of software and techniques from physics, such as Monte Carlo simulations, in the financial world. There will be four talks of 20min each. The talk abstracts and speaker bios are listed below. This will be followed by a Q&A; panel session with the speakers. From 19:00 onwards there will be a networking cocktail for audience and speakers. This is an EGEE / CERN openlab event organized in collaboration with the regional business network rezonance.ch. A webcast of the event will be made available for subsequent viewing, along with powerpoint material presented by the speakers. Attendance is free and open to all. Registration is mandatory via www.rezonance.ch, including for CERN staff. 1. Overview of High Performance Computing in the Financial Industry Michael Yoo, Managing Director, Head of the Technical Council, UBS Presentation will describe the key business challenges driving the need for HPC solutions, describe the means in which those challenges are being addressed within UBS (such as GRID) as well as the limitations of some of these solutions, and assess some of the newer HPC technologies which may also play a role in the Financial Industry in the future. Speaker Bio: Michael originally joined the former Swiss Bank Corporation in 1994 in New York as a developer on a large data warehouse project. In 1996 he left SBC and took a role with Fidelity Investments in Boston. Unable to stay away for long, he returned to SBC in 1997 while working for Perot Systems in Singapore. Finally, in 1998 he formally returned to UBS in Stamford following the merger with SBC and has remained with UBS for the past 9 years. During his tenure at UBS, he has had a number of leadership roles within IT in development, support and architecture. In 2006 Michael relocated to Switzerland to take up his current role as head of the UBS IB Technical Council, responsible for the overall technology strategy and vision of the Investment Bank. One of Michael's key responsibilities is to manage the UBS High Performance Computing Research Lab and he has been involved in a number of initiatives in the HPC space. 2. Grid in the Commercial WorldFred Gedling, Chief Technology Officer EMEA and Senior Vice President Global Services, DataSynapse Grid computing gets mentions in the press for community programs starting last decade with "Seti@Home". Government, national and supranational initiatives in grid receive some press. One of the IT-industries' best-kept secrets is the use of grid computing by commercial organizations with spectacular results. Grid Computing and its evolution into Application Virtualization is discussed and how this is key to the next generation data center. Speaker Bio: Fred Gedling holds the joint roles of Chief Technology Officer for EMEA and Senior Vice President of Global Services at DataSynapse, a global provider of application virtualisation software. Based in London and working closely with organisations seeking to optimise their IT infrastructures, Fred offers unique insights into the technology of virtualisation as well as the methodology of establishing ROI and rapid deployment to the immediate advantage of the business. Fred has more than fifteen years experience of enterprise middleware and high-performance infrastructures. Prior to DataSynapse he worked in high performance CRM middleware and was the CTO EMEA for New Era of Networks (NEON) during the rapid growth of Enterprise Application Integration. His 25-year career in technology also includes management positions at Goldman Sachs and Stratus Computer. Fred holds a First Class Bsc (Hons) degree in Physics with Astrophysics from the University of Leeds and had the privilege of being a summer student at CERN.3. Opportunities for gLite in finance and related industriesAdam Vile, Head of Grid, HPC and Technical Computing, Excelian Ltd.gLite, the Grid software developed by the EGEE project, has been exceedingly successful as an enabling infrastructure, and has been a massive success in bringing together scientific and technical communities to provide the compute power to address previously incomputable problems. Not so in the finance industry. In its current form gLite would be a business disabler. There are other middleware tools that solve the finance communities compute problems much better. Things are moving on, however. There are moves afoot in the open source community to evolve the technology to address other, more sophisticated needs such as utility and interactive computing. In this talk, I will describe how Excelian is providing Grid consultancy services for the finance community and how, through its relationship to the EGEE project, Excelian is helping to identify and exploit opportunities as the research and business worlds converge. Because of the strong third party presence in the finance industry, such opportunities are few and far between, but they are there, especially as we expand sideways into related verticals such as the smaller hedge funds and energy companies. This talk will give an overview of the barriers to adoption of gLite in the finance industry and highlight some of the opportunities offered in this and related industries as the ideas around Grid mature. Speaker Bio: Dr Adam Vile is a senior consultant and head of the Grid and HPC practice at Excelian, a consultancy that focuses on financial markets professional services. He has spent many years in investment banking, as a developer, project manager and architect in both front and back office. Before joining Excelian he was senior Grid and HPC architect at Barclays Capital. Prior to joining investment banking, Adam spent a number of years lecturing in IT and mathematics at a UK University and maintains links with academia through lectures, research and through validation and steering of postgraduate courses. He is a chartered mathematician and was the conference chair of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications first conference in computational Finance.4. From Monte Carlo to Wall Street Daniel Egloff, Head of Financial Engineering Computing Unit, Zrich Cantonal Bank High performance computing techniques provide new means to solve computationally hard problems in the financial service industry. First I consider Monte Carlo simulation and illustrate how it can be used to implement a sophisticated credit risk management and economic capital framework. From a HPC perspective, basic Monte Carlo simulation is embarrassingly parallel and can be implemented efficiently on distributed memory clusters. Additional difficulties arise for adaptive variance reduction schemes, if the information content in a sample is very small, and if the amount of simulated date becomes huge such that incremental processing algorithms are indispensable. We discuss the business value of an advanced credit risk quantification which is particularly compelling in these days. While Monte Carlo simulation is a very versatile tool it is not always the preferred solution for the pricing of complex products like multi asset options, structured products, or credit derivatives. As a second application I show how operator methods can be used to develop a pricing framework. The scalability of operator methods relies heavily on optimized dense matrix-matrix multiplications and requires specialized BLAS level-3 implementations provided by specialized FPGA or GPU boards. Speaker Bio: Daniel Egloff studied mathematics, theoretical physics, and computer science at the University of Zurich and the ETH Zurich. He holds a PhD in Mathematics from University of Fribourg, Switzerland. After his PhD he started to work for a large Swiss insurance company in the area of asset and liability management. He continued his professional career in the consulting industry. At KPMG and Arthur Andersen he consulted international clients and implemented quantitative risk management solutions for financial institutions and insurance companies. In 2002 he joined Zurich Cantonal Bank. He was assigned to develop and implement credit portfolio risk and economic capital methodologies. He built up a competence center for high performance and cluster computing. Currently, Daniel Egloff is heading the Financial Computing unit in the ZKB Financial Engineering division. He and his team is engineering and operating high performance cluster applications for computationally intensive problems in financial risk management.

    17. Computing for Finance

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      2010-03-24

      The finance sector is one of the driving forces for the use of distributed or Grid computing for business purposes. The speakers will review the state-of-the-art of high performance computing in the financial sector, and provide insight into how different types of Grid computing – from local clusters to global networks - are being applied to financial applications. They will also describe the use of software and techniques from physics, such as Monte Carlo simulations, in the financial world. There will be four talks of 20min each. The talk abstracts and speaker bios are listed below. This will be followed by a Q&A; panel session with the speakers. From 19:00 onwards there will be a networking cocktail for audience and speakers. This is an EGEE / CERN openlab event organized in collaboration with the regional business network rezonance.ch. A webcast of the event will be made available for subsequent viewing, along with powerpoint material presented by the speakers. Attendance is free and open to all. Registration is mandatory via www.rezonance.ch, including for CERN staff. 1. Overview of High Performance Computing in the Financial Industry Michael Yoo, Managing Director, Head of the Technical Council, UBS Presentation will describe the key business challenges driving the need for HPC solutions, describe the means in which those challenges are being addressed within UBS (such as GRID) as well as the limitations of some of these solutions, and assess some of the newer HPC technologies which may also play a role in the Financial Industry in the future. Speaker Bio: Michael originally joined the former Swiss Bank Corporation in 1994 in New York as a developer on a large data warehouse project. In 1996 he left SBC and took a role with Fidelity Investments in Boston. Unable to stay away for long, he returned to SBC in 1997 while working for Perot Systems in Singapore. Finally, in 1998 he formally returned to UBS in Stamford following the merger with SBC and has remained with UBS for the past 9 years. During his tenure at UBS, he has had a number of leadership roles within IT in development, support and architecture. In 2006 Michael relocated to Switzerland to take up his current role as head of the UBS IB Technical Council, responsible for the overall technology strategy and vision of the Investment Bank. One of Michael's key responsibilities is to manage the UBS High Performance Computing Research Lab and he has been involved in a number of initiatives in the HPC space. 2. Grid in the Commercial WorldFred Gedling, Chief Technology Officer EMEA and Senior Vice President Global Services, DataSynapse Grid computing gets mentions in the press for community programs starting last decade with "Seti@Home". Government, national and supranational initiatives in grid receive some press. One of the IT-industries' best-kept secrets is the use of grid computing by commercial organizations with spectacular results. Grid Computing and its evolution into Application Virtualization is discussed and how this is key to the next generation data center. Speaker Bio: Fred Gedling holds the joint roles of Chief Technology Officer for EMEA and Senior Vice President of Global Services at DataSynapse, a global provider of application virtualisation software. Based in London and working closely with organisations seeking to optimise their IT infrastructures, Fred offers unique insights into the technology of virtualisation as well as the methodology of establishing ROI and rapid deployment to the immediate advantage of the business. Fred has more than fifteen years experience of enterprise middleware and high-performance infrastructures. Prior to DataSynapse he worked in high performance CRM middleware and was the CTO EMEA for New Era of Networks (NEON) during the rapid growth of Enterprise Application Integration. His 25-year career in technology also includes management positions at Goldman Sachs and Stratus Computer. Fred holds a First Class Bsc (Hons) degree in Physics with Astrophysics from the University of Leeds and had the privilege of being a summer student at CERN.3. Opportunities for gLite in finance and related industriesAdam Vile, Head of Grid, HPC and Technical Computing, Excelian Ltd.gLite, the Grid software developed by the EGEE project, has been exceedingly successful as an enabling infrastructure, and has been a massive success in bringing together scientific and technical communities to provide the compute power to address previously incomputable problems. Not so in the finance industry. In its current form gLite would be a business disabler. There are other middleware tools that solve the finance communities compute problems much better. Things are moving on, however. There are moves afoot in the open source community to evolve the technology to address other, more sophisticated needs such as utility and interactive computing. In this talk, I will describe how Excelian is providing Grid consultancy services for the finance community and how, through its relationship to the EGEE project, Excelian is helping to identify and exploit opportunities as the research and business worlds converge. Because of the strong third party presence in the finance industry, such opportunities are few and far between, but they are there, especially as we expand sideways into related verticals such as the smaller hedge funds and energy companies. This talk will give an overview of the barriers to adoption of gLite in the finance industry and highlight some of the opportunities offered in this and related industries as the ideas around Grid mature. Speaker Bio: Dr Adam Vile is a senior consultant and head of the Grid and HPC practice at Excelian, a consultancy that focuses on financial markets professional services. He has spent many years in investment banking, as a developer, project manager and architect in both front and back office. Before joining Excelian he was senior Grid and HPC architect at Barclays Capital. Prior to joining investment banking, Adam spent a number of years lecturing in IT and mathematics at a UK University and maintains links with academia through lectures, research and through validation and steering of postgraduate courses. He is a chartered mathematician and was the conference chair of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications first conference in computational Finance.4. From Monte Carlo to Wall Street Daniel Egloff, Head of Financial Engineering Computing Unit, Zürich Cantonal Bank High performance computing techniques provide new means to solve computationally hard problems in the financial service industry. First I consider Monte Carlo simulation and illustrate how it can be used to implement a sophisticated credit risk management and economic capital framework. From a HPC perspective, basic Monte Carlo simulation is embarrassingly parallel and can be implemented efficiently on distributed memory clusters. Additional difficulties arise for adaptive variance reduction schemes, if the information content in a sample is very small, and if the amount of simulated date becomes huge such that incremental processing algorithms are indispensable. We discuss the business value of an advanced credit risk quantification which is particularly compelling in these days. While Monte Carlo simulation is a very versatile tool it is not always the preferred solution for the pricing of complex products like multi asset options, structured products, or credit derivatives. As a second application I show how operator methods can be used to develop a pricing framework. The scalability of operator methods relies heavily on optimized dense matrix-matrix multiplications and requires specialized BLAS level-3 implementations provided by specialized FPGA or GPU boards. Speaker Bio: Daniel Egloff studied mathematics, theoretical physics, and computer science at the University of Zurich and the ETH Zurich. He holds a PhD in Mathematics from University of Fribourg, Switzerland. After his PhD he started to work for a large Swiss insurance company in the area of asset and liability management. He continued his professional career in the consulting industry. At KPMG and Arthur Andersen he consulted international clients and implemented quantitative risk management solutions for financial institutions and insurance companies. In 2002 he joined Zurich Cantonal Bank. He was assigned to develop and implement credit portfolio risk and economic capital methodologies. He built up a competence center for high performance and cluster computing. Currently, Daniel Egloff is heading the Financial Computing unit in the ZKB Financial Engineering division. He and his team is engineering and operating high performance cluster applications for computationally intensive problems in financial risk management.

    18. Computing for Finance

      ScienceCinema (OSTI)

      None

      2011-10-06

      The finance sector is one of the driving forces for the use of distributed or Grid computing for business purposes. The speakers will review the state-of-the-art of high performance computing in the financial sector, and provide insight into how different types of Grid computing ? from local clusters to global networks - are being applied to financial applications. They will also describe the use of software and techniques from physics, such as Monte Carlo simulations, in the financial world. There will be four talks of 20min each. The talk abstracts and speaker bios are listed below. This will be followed by a Q&A; panel session with the speakers. From 19:00 onwards there will be a networking cocktail for audience and speakers. This is an EGEE / CERN openlab event organized in collaboration with the regional business network rezonance.ch. A webcast of the event will be made available for subsequent viewing, along with powerpoint material presented by the speakers. Attendance is free and open to all. Registration is mandatory via www.rezonance.ch, including for CERN staff. 1. Overview of High Performance Computing in the Financial Industry Michael Yoo, Managing Director, Head of the Technical Council, UBS Presentation will describe the key business challenges driving the need for HPC solutions, describe the means in which those challenges are being addressed within UBS (such as GRID) as well as the limitations of some of these solutions, and assess some of the newer HPC technologies which may also play a role in the Financial Industry in the future. Speaker Bio: Michael originally joined the former Swiss Bank Corporation in 1994 in New York as a developer on a large data warehouse project. In 1996 he left SBC and took a role with Fidelity Investments in Boston. Unable to stay away for long, he returned to SBC in 1997 while working for Perot Systems in Singapore. Finally, in 1998 he formally returned to UBS in Stamford following the merger with SBC and has remained with UBS for the past 9 years. During his tenure at UBS, he has had a number of leadership roles within IT in development, support and architecture. In 2006 Michael relocated to Switzerland to take up his current role as head of the UBS IB Technical Council, responsible for the overall technology strategy and vision of the Investment Bank. One of Michael's key responsibilities is to manage the UBS High Performance Computing Research Lab and he has been involved in a number of initiatives in the HPC space. 2. Grid in the Commercial WorldFred Gedling, Chief Technology Officer EMEA and Senior Vice President Global Services, DataSynapse Grid computing gets mentions in the press for community programs starting last decade with "Seti@Home". Government, national and supranational initiatives in grid receive some press. One of the IT-industries' best-kept secrets is the use of grid computing by commercial organizations with spectacular results. Grid Computing and its evolution into Application Virtualization is discussed and how this is key to the next generation data center. Speaker Bio: Fred Gedling holds the joint roles of Chief Technology Officer for EMEA and Senior Vice President of Global Services at DataSynapse, a global provider of application virtualisation software. Based in London and working closely with organisations seeking to optimise their IT infrastructures, Fred offers unique insights into the technology of virtualisation as well as the methodology of establishing ROI and rapid deployment to the immediate advantage of the business. Fred has more than fifteen years experience of enterprise middleware and high-performance infrastructures. Prior to DataSynapse he worked in high performance CRM middleware and was the CTO EMEA for New Era of Networks (NEON) during the rapid growth of Enterprise Application Integration. His 25-year career in technology also includes management positions at Goldman Sachs and Stratus Computer. Fred holds a First Class Bsc (Hons) degree in Physics with Astrophysics from the University of Leeds and had the privilege of being a summer student at CERN.3. Opportunities for gLite in finance and related industriesAdam Vile, Head of Grid, HPC and Technical Computing, Excelian Ltd.gLite, the Grid software developed by the EGEE project, has been exceedingly successful as an enabling infrastructure, and has been a massive success in bringing together scientific and technical communities to provide the compute power to address previously incomputable problems. Not so in the finance industry. In its current form gLite would be a business disabler. There are other middleware tools that solve the finance communities compute problems much better. Things are moving on, however. There are moves afoot in the open source community to evolve the technology to address other, more sophisticated needs such as utility and interactive computing. In this talk, I will describe how Excelian is providing Grid consultancy services for the finance community and how, through its relationship to the EGEE project, Excelian is helping to identify and exploit opportunities as the research and business worlds converge. Because of the strong third party presence in the finance industry, such opportunities are few and far between, but they are there, especially as we expand sideways into related verticals such as the smaller hedge funds and energy companies. This talk will give an overview of the barriers to adoption of gLite in the finance industry and highlight some of the opportunities offered in this and related industries as the ideas around Grid mature. Speaker Bio: Dr Adam Vile is a senior consultant and head of the Grid and HPC practice at Excelian, a consultancy that focuses on financial markets professional services. He has spent many years in investment banking, as a developer, project manager and architect in both front and back office. Before joining Excelian he was senior Grid and HPC architect at Barclays Capital. Prior to joining investment banking, Adam spent a number of years lecturing in IT and mathematics at a UK University and maintains links with academia through lectures, research and through validation and steering of postgraduate courses. He is a chartered mathematician and was the conference chair of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications first conference in computational Finance.4. From Monte Carlo to Wall Street Daniel Egloff, Head of Financial Engineering Computing Unit, Zürich Cantonal Bank High performance computing techniques provide new means to solve computationally hard problems in the financial service industry. First I consider Monte Carlo simulation and illustrate how it can be used to implement a sophisticated credit risk management and economic capital framework. From a HPC perspective, basic Monte Carlo simulation is embarrassingly parallel and can be implemented efficiently on distributed memory clusters. Additional difficulties arise for adaptive variance reduction schemes, if the information content in a sample is very small, and if the amount of simulated date becomes huge such that incremental processing algorithms are indispensable. We discuss the business value of an advanced credit risk quantification which is particularly compelling in these days. While Monte Carlo simulation is a very versatile tool it is not always the preferred solution for the pricing of complex products like multi asset options, structured products, or credit derivatives. As a second application I show how operator methods can be used to develop a pricing framework. The scalability of operator methods relies heavily on optimized dense matrix-matrix multiplications and requires specialized BLAS level-3 implementations provided by specialized FPGA or GPU boards. Speaker Bio: Daniel Egloff studied mathematics, theoretical physics, and computer science at the University of Zurich and the ETH Zurich. He holds a PhD in Mathematics from University of Fribourg, Switzerland. After his PhD he started to work for a large Swiss insurance company in the area of asset and liability management. He continued his professional career in the consulting industry. At KPMG and Arthur Andersen he consulted international clients and implemented quantitative risk management solutions for financial institutions and insurance companies. In 2002 he joined Zurich Cantonal Bank. He was assigned to develop and implement credit portfolio risk and economic capital methodologies. He built up a competence center for high performance and cluster computing. Currently, Daniel Egloff is heading the Financial Computing unit in the ZKB Financial Engineering division. He and his team is engineering and operating high performance cluster applications for computationally intensive problems in financial risk management.

    19. Neutrino telescopes in the World

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Ernenwein, J.-P.

      2007-01-12

      Neutrino astronomy has rapidly developed these last years, being the only way to get specific and reliable information about astrophysical objects still poorly understood.Currently two neutrino telescopes are operational in the World: BAIKAL, in the lake of the same name in Siberia, and AMANDA, in the ices of the South Pole. Two telescopes of the same type are under construction in the Mediterranean Sea: ANTARES and NESTOR. All these telescopes belong to a first generation, with an instrumented volume smaller or equal to 0.02 km3. Also in the Mediterranean Sea, the NEMO project is just in its stag phase, within the framework of a cubic kilometer size neutrino telescope study. Lastly, the ICECUBE detector, with a volume reaching about 1 km3, is under construction on the site of AMANDA experiment, while an extension of the BAIKAL detector toward km3 is under study. We will present here the characteristics of these experiments, as well as the results of their observations.

    20. New Titan Supercomputer Named Fastest in the World | Department of Energy

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      4:37pm Addthis Oak Ridge National Laboratory is home to Titan, the world’s most powerful supercomputer for open science with a theoretical peak performance exceeding 20 petaflops (quadrillion calculations per second). That kind of computational capability—almost unimaginable—is on par with each of the world’s 7 billion people being able to carry out 3 million calculations per second. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is home to Titan, the world's most powerful supercomputer for

    1. Argonne's Laboratory computing center - 2007 annual report.

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Bair, R.; Pieper, G. W.

      2008-05-28

      Argonne National Laboratory founded the Laboratory Computing Resource Center (LCRC) in the spring of 2002 to help meet pressing program needs for computational modeling, simulation, and analysis. The guiding mission is to provide critical computing resources that accelerate the development of high-performance computing expertise, applications, and computations to meet the Laboratory's challenging science and engineering missions. In September 2002 the LCRC deployed a 350-node computing cluster from Linux NetworX to address Laboratory needs for mid-range supercomputing. This cluster, named 'Jazz', achieved over a teraflop of computing power (1012 floating-point calculations per second) on standard tests, making it the Laboratory's first terascale computing system and one of the 50 fastest computers in the world at the time. Jazz was made available to early users in November 2002 while the system was undergoing development and configuration. In April 2003, Jazz was officially made available for production operation. Since then, the Jazz user community has grown steadily. By the end of fiscal year 2007, there were over 60 active projects representing a wide cross-section of Laboratory expertise, including work in biosciences, chemistry, climate, computer science, engineering applications, environmental science, geoscience, information science, materials science, mathematics, nanoscience, nuclear engineering, and physics. Most important, many projects have achieved results that would have been unobtainable without such a computing resource. The LCRC continues to foster growth in the computational science and engineering capability and quality at the Laboratory. Specific goals include expansion of the use of Jazz to new disciplines and Laboratory initiatives, teaming with Laboratory infrastructure providers to offer more scientific data management capabilities, expanding Argonne staff use of national computing facilities, and improving the scientific reach and performance of Argonne's computational applications. Furthermore, recognizing that Jazz is fully subscribed, with considerable unmet demand, the LCRC has framed a 'path forward' for additional computing resources.

    2. Republic of Macedonia-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      World Bank Climate Projects Jump to: navigation, search Name Republic of Macedonia-World Bank Climate Projects AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus...

    3. Gabon-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      World Bank Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Gabon-World Bank Climate Activities AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics...

    4. Ukraine-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      World Bank Climate Projects Jump to: navigation, search Name Ukraine-World Bank Climate Projects AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency...

    5. Computing for Finance

      ScienceCinema (OSTI)

      None

      2011-10-06

      The finance sector is one of the driving forces for the use of distributed or Grid computing for business purposes. The speakers will review the state-of-the-art of high performance computing in the financial sector, and provide insight into how different types of Grid computing ? from local clusters to global networks - are being applied to financial applications. They will also describe the use of software and techniques from physics, such as Monte Carlo simulations, in the financial world. There will be four talks of 20min each. The talk abstracts and speaker bios are listed below. This will be followed by a Q&A; panel session with the speakers. From 19:00 onwards there will be a networking cocktail for audience and speakers. This is an EGEE / CERN openlab event organized in collaboration with the regional business network rezonance.ch. A webcast of the event will be made available for subsequent viewing, along with powerpoint material presented by the speakers. Attendance is free and open to all. Registration is mandatory via www.rezonance.ch, including for CERN staff. 1. Overview of High Performance Computing in the Financial Industry Michael Yoo, Managing Director, Head of the Technical Council, UBS Presentation will describe the key business challenges driving the need for HPC solutions, describe the means in which those challenges are being addressed within UBS (such as GRID) as well as the limitations of some of these solutions, and assess some of the newer HPC technologies which may also play a role in the Financial Industry in the future. Speaker Bio: Michael originally joined the former Swiss Bank Corporation in 1994 in New York as a developer on a large data warehouse project. In 1996 he left SBC and took a role with Fidelity Investments in Boston. Unable to stay away for long, he returned to SBC in 1997 while working for Perot Systems in Singapore. Finally, in 1998 he formally returned to UBS in Stamford following the merger with SBC and has remained with UBS for the past 9 years. During his tenure at UBS, he has had a number of leadership roles within IT in development, support and architecture. In 2006 Michael relocated to Switzerland to take up his current role as head of the UBS IB Technical Council, responsible for the overall technology strategy and vision of the Investment Bank. One of Michael's key responsibilities is to manage the UBS High Performance Computing Research Lab and he has been involved in a number of initiatives in the HPC space. 2. Grid in the Commercial WorldFred Gedling, Chief Technology Officer EMEA and Senior Vice President Global Services, DataSynapse Grid computing gets mentions in the press for community programs starting last decade with "Seti@Home". Government, national and supranational initiatives in grid receive some press. One of the IT-industries' best-kept secrets is the use of grid computing by commercial organizations with spectacular results. Grid Computing and its evolution into Application Virtualization is discussed and how this is key to the next generation data center. Speaker Bio: Fred Gedling holds the joint roles of Chief Technology Officer for EMEA and Senior Vice President of Global Services at DataSynapse, a global provider of application virtualisation software. Based in London and working closely with organisations seeking to optimise their IT infrastructures, Fred offers unique insights into the technology of virtualisation as well as the methodology of establishing ROI and rapid deployment to the immediate advantage of the business. Fred has more than fifteen years experience of enterprise middleware and high-performance infrastructures. Prior to DataSynapse he worked in high performance CRM middleware and was the CTO EMEA for New Era of Networks (NEON) during the rapid growth of Enterprise Application Integration. His 25-year career in technology also includes management positions at Goldman Sachs and Stratus Computer. Fred holds a First Class Bsc (Hons) degree in Physics with Astrophysics from the University of Leeds and had the privilege o

    6. World Biotechnology Leaders to Gather for Conference

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      private companies and research organizations, the annual event focuses on improving the economics of producing fuels and chemicals vital to the world's industrial sector. ...

    7. Energy Secretary Moniz Dedicates World's Largest Concentrating...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz will participate today in the opening of the Ivanpah Solar Energy Generating System, the world's largest concentrating solar power (CSP) plant. As ...

    8. World Fuel Cell Council | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      World Fuel Cell Council Place: Frankfurt, Germany Zip: D-60313 Product: Its objective is to promote the most rapid commercialisation of this benign technology worldwide....

    9. World Renewable Energy Congress Provides International Forum...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      World Renewable Energy Congress Provides International Forum Delegates to gather in Denver to share knowledge, ideas, on energy issues November 14, 2003 Denver, Colo. - Energy ...

    10. Keeping Tabs on the World's Dangerous Chemicals

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      Sandia chemical engineer Nancy Jackson has worked in laboratories around the world to help ensure that chemicals are used safely and kept secure.

    11. The World Bank - Transport | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      provides relevant information about transport, focusing on The World Bank Transport Strategy - Safe, Clean and Affordable - Transport for Development. The website includes...

    12. World Wildlife Fund | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      5 References About "For more than 45 years, WWF has been protecting the future of nature. The world's leading conservation organization, WWF works in 100 countries and is...

    13. World Waste Technologies | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Waste Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Name: World Waste Technologies Place: San Diego, California Sector: Biofuels Product: Technology developer that focuses on converting...

    14. World Wise Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Wise Technologies Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: World Wise Technologies Inc Place: Carson City, Nevada Zip: 89701 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Develops renewable...

    15. World Power Technologies | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Power Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Name: World Power Technologies Place: Edison, NJ Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type...

    16. Renewable Energy World | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Renewable Energy World Place: United Kingdom Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Bimonthly magazine, which used to be published by James & James on the renewable energy industry. Now...

    17. NERSC's Contribution to the World's Supercomputing Communitiy

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Bill Kramer NERSC's Contribution to the World's Supercomputing Communitiy February 5, 2014 Bill Kramer, NCSA Downloads NERSC-Contributions-NERSC-40th-Anniversary-kramer.pdf | Adobe Acrobat PDF file NERSC's Contribution to the World's Supercomputing Communitiy Last edited: 2014-02-14 16:31:09

    18. The Brave New World of Buckytubes

      ScienceCinema (OSTI)

      Richard Smalley

      2010-09-01

      In a talk titled "The Brave New World of Buckytubes," Smalley discusses the basic science underlying the exotic chemical and physical properties, as well as the methods of production, purification, analysis, and assembly of buckytubes for solving real-world technological problems.

    19. SunShot-Supported Companies to Build One of the Worlds Largest Module Factories

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      EERE SunShot partners, Silevo and SolarCity have announced plans to join forces to build one of the worlds largest module factories in Buffalo, New York.

    20. Intrepid/Challenger/Surveyor | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Documentation Feedback Please provide feedback to help guide us as we continue to build documentation for our new computing resource. [Feedback Form] Intrepid/Challenger/Surveyor The ALCF houses several several IBM Blue Gene/P supercomputers, one of the world's fastest computing platforms. Intrepid Intrepid has a highly scalable torus network, as well as a high-performance collective network that minimizes the bottlenecks common in simulations on large, parallel computers. Intrepid uses less

    1. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Haun, R.R.; Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C.

      1997-05-12

      Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

    2. Applications of Parallel Computers

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computers Applications of Parallel Computers UCB CS267 Spring 2015 Tuesday & Thursday, 9:30-11:00 Pacific Time Applications of Parallel Computers, CS267, is a graduate-level course...

    3. Computer hardware fault administration

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Archer, Charles J.; Megerian, Mark G.; Ratterman, Joseph D.; Smith, Brian E.

      2010-09-14

      Computer hardware fault administration carried out in a parallel computer, where the parallel computer includes a plurality of compute nodes. The compute nodes are coupled for data communications by at least two independent data communications networks, where each data communications network includes data communications links connected to the compute nodes. Typical embodiments carry out hardware fault administration by identifying a location of a defective link in the first data communications network of the parallel computer and routing communications data around the defective link through the second data communications network of the parallel computer.

    4. advanced simulation and computing

      National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

      Each successive generation of computing system has provided greater computing power and energy efficiency.

      CTS-1 clusters will support NNSA's Life Extension Program and...

    5. Applied & Computational Math

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      & Computational Math - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us ... Twitter Google + Vimeo GovDelivery SlideShare Applied & Computational Math HomeEnergy ...

    6. Computational Earth Science

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      6 Computational Earth Science We develop and apply a range of high-performance computational methods and software tools to Earth science projects in support of environmental ...

    7. Energy Aware Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Partnerships Shifter: User Defined Images Archive APEX Home R & D Energy Aware Computing Energy Aware Computing Dynamic Frequency Scaling One means to lower the energy ...

    8. Molecular Science Computing | EMSL

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      computational and state-of-the-art experimental tools, providing a cross-disciplinary environment to further research. Additional Information Computing user policies Partners...

    9. TORCH Computational Reference Kernels - A Testbed for Computer Science Research

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Kaiser, Alex; Williams, Samuel Webb; Madduri, Kamesh; Ibrahim, Khaled; Bailey, David H.; Demmel, James W.; Strohmaier, Erich

      2010-12-02

      For decades, computer scientists have sought guidance on how to evolve architectures, languages, and programming models in order to improve application performance, efficiency, and productivity. Unfortunately, without overarching advice about future directions in these areas, individual guidance is inferred from the existing software/hardware ecosystem, and each discipline often conducts their research independently assuming all other technologies remain fixed. In today's rapidly evolving world of on-chip parallelism, isolated and iterative improvements to performance may miss superior solutions in the same way gradient descent optimization techniques may get stuck in local minima. To combat this, we present TORCH: A Testbed for Optimization ResearCH. These computational reference kernels define the core problems of interest in scientific computing without mandating a specific language, algorithm, programming model, or implementation. To compliment the kernel (problem) definitions, we provide a set of algorithmically-expressed verification tests that can be used to verify a hardware/software co-designed solution produces an acceptable answer. Finally, to provide some illumination as to how researchers have implemented solutions to these problems in the past, we provide a set of reference implementations in C and MATLAB.

    10. Jefferson Lab is a world-leading ...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      to the study of the building blocks of matter that make up 98 percent of our visible universe. Scientists from across the nation and around the world use the lab's facilities to...

    11. Energy Secretary Moniz Dedicates World's Largest Concentrating...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      a world leader in solar energy," said Secretary Moniz. "As the President made clear in the State of the Union, we must continue to move toward a cleaner energy economy, and ...

    12. Berkeley Lab Particle Accelerator Sets World Record

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Berkeley Lab Particle Accelerator Sets World Record Berkeley Lab Particle Accelerator Sets World Record Simulations at NERSC Help Validate Experimental Laser-Plasma Design December 9, 2014 Contact: Kate Greene, kgreene@lbl.gov, 510-486-4404 particleaccelerator A 9 cm-long capillary discharge waveguide used in BELLA experiments to generate multi-GeV electron beams. The plasma plume has been made more prominent with the use of HDR photography. Image: Roy Kaltschmidt Using one of the most powerful

    13. World War II | National Nuclear Security Administration

      National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

      World War II Keeping the "Spirit of '45 Alive" in Kansas City National Security Campus employees commemorated the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II by sharing stories of their loved ones, viewing photographs and documents with Truman Library historians and listening to WWII veteran Max DeWeese reminisce about his experience in the war. The August

    14. Hybrid soft computing systems: Industrial and commercial applications

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Bonissone, P.P.; Chen, Y.T.; Goebel, K.; Khedkar, P.S.

      1999-09-01

      Soft computing (SC) is an association of computing methodologies that includes as its principal members fuzzy logic, neurocomputing, evolutionary computing and probabilistic computing. The authors present a collection of methods and tools that can be used to perform diagnostics, estimation, and control. These tools are a great match for real-world applications that are characterized by imprecise, uncertain data and incomplete domain knowledge. The authors outline the advantages of applying SC techniques and in particular the synergy derived from the use of hybrid SC systems. They illustrate some combinations of hybrid SC systems, such as fuzzy logic controllers (FLC's) tuned by neural networks (NN's) and evolutionary computing (EC), NN's tuned by EC or FLC's, and EC controlled by FLC's. The authors discuss three successful real-world examples of SC applications to industrial equipment diagnostics, freight train control, and residential property valuation.

    15. Misleading Performance Claims in Parallel Computations

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Bailey, David H.

      2009-05-29

      In a previous humorous note entitled 'Twelve Ways to Fool the Masses,' I outlined twelve common ways in which performance figures for technical computer systems can be distorted. In this paper and accompanying conference talk, I give a reprise of these twelve 'methods' and give some actual examples that have appeared in peer-reviewed literature in years past. I then propose guidelines for reporting performance, the adoption of which would raise the level of professionalism and reduce the level of confusion, not only in the world of device simulation but also in the larger arena of technical computing.

    16. Updated Hubbert curves analyze world oil supply

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Ivanhoe, L.F.

      1996-11-01

      The question is not whether, but when, world crude oil production will start to decline, ushering in the permanent oil shock era. While global information for predicting this event is not so straightforward as the data M. King Hubbert used in creating his famous Hubbert Curve that predicted the US (Lower 48 states, or US/48) 1970 oil production peak, there are strong indications that most of the world`s large exploration targets have now been found. Meanwhile, the earth`s population is exploding along with the oil needs of Asia`s developing nations. This article reviews Hubbert`s original analyses on oil discovery and production curves for the US/48 and projects his proven methodology onto global oil discoveries and production as of 1992. The world`s oil discovery curve peaked in 1962, and thence declined, as a Hubbert Curve predicts. However, global production was restricted after the 1973 Arab oil embargo. Otherwise, world production would have peaked in the mid-1990s. Two graphs show alternate versions of future global oil production.

    17. Computing and Computational Sciences Directorate - Information...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      cost-effective, state-of-the-art computing capabilities for research and development. ... communicates and manages strategy, policy and finance across the portfolio of IT assets. ...

    18. Computational Science and Engineering

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computational Science and Engineering NETL's Computational Science and Engineering competency consists of conducting applied scientific research and developing physics-based simulation models, methods, and tools to support the development and deployment of novel process and equipment designs. Research includes advanced computations to generate information beyond the reach of experiments alone by integrating experimental and computational sciences across different length and time scales. Specific

    19. Parallel computing works

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Not Available

      1991-10-23

      An account of the Caltech Concurrent Computation Program (C{sup 3}P), a five year project that focused on answering the question: Can parallel computers be used to do large-scale scientific computations '' As the title indicates, the question is answered in the affirmative, by implementing numerous scientific applications on real parallel computers and doing computations that produced new scientific results. In the process of doing so, C{sup 3}P helped design and build several new computers, designed and implemented basic system software, developed algorithms for frequently used mathematical computations on massively parallel machines, devised performance models and measured the performance of many computers, and created a high performance computing facility based exclusively on parallel computers. While the initial focus of C{sup 3}P was the hypercube architecture developed by C. Seitz, many of the methods developed and lessons learned have been applied successfully on other massively parallel architectures.

    20. Computational Fluid Dynamics

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      scour-tracc-cfd TRACC RESEARCH Computational Fluid Dynamics Computational Structural Mechanics Transportation Systems Modeling Computational Fluid Dynamics Overview of CFD: Video Clip with Audio Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) research uses mathematical and computational models of flowing fluids to describe and predict fluid response in problems of interest, such as the flow of air around a moving vehicle or the flow of water and sediment in a river. Coupled with appropriate and prototypical

    1. The World Renewable Energy Forum in Denver | Department of Energy

      Office of Environmental Management (EM)

      The World Renewable Energy Forum in Denver The World Renewable Energy Forum in Denver Addthis 1 of 12 Santiago Seage, CEO of Abengoa Solar speaks at the World Renewable Energy ...

    2. World NGL markets continue rapid expansion

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Otto, K.; Gist, R.; Whitley, C.; Haun, R.

      1998-06-08

      The international LPG industry has expanded rapidly during the 1990s and undergone significant changes. LPG consumption has expanded at nearly twice the rate of world petroleum demand. In particular, LPG use in residential and commercial markets has more than doubled in many developing countries. Markets for LPG and other petroleum products have been opened in many countries, accelerating demand growth and creating investment opportunities in all downstream segments. This has led to an overall strengthening of global LPG pricing and the development of many new export gas-processing projects. The paper discusses world LPG demand in residential and commercial markets and in petrochemicals, world LPG supply, regional increases, international trade, the US situation in natural gas, NGL supply, and NGL demand.

    3. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: World Learning Inc. | Department of

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Energy Learning Inc. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: World Learning Inc. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: World Learning Inc. Joined the Challenge: November 2014 Headquarters: Brattleboro, VT Charging Location: Brattleboro, VT Domestic Employees: 334 World Learning Inc. is a nonprofit organization advancing leadership in more than 60 countries. World Learning envisions a just world, driven by engaged citizens and thriving communities. SIT Graduate Institute is a program of World

    4. NREL Researcher is Top World Physicist

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      is Top World Physicist For more information contact: Kerry Masson, (303) 275-4083 e:mail: kerry_masson@nrel.gov Golden, Colo., March 17, 1998 — Dr. Alex Zunger, Institute Research Fellow at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), has been ranked as one of the top physicists in the world by the Institute of Scientific Information (ISI). The standing is based on the number of times his research has been cited by fellow scientists. Of the 517,111

    5. ANALYSIS OF DOSE RATES DURING REPLACEMENT OF MANIPULATORS IN THE FFTF INTERIM EXAMINATION & MAINTENANCE (IEM) CELL

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      NELSON, J.V.

      2002-01-23

      Replacement of a master-slave manipulator in the Interim Examination and Maintenance Cell at the Fast Flux Test Facility was carried out in August 2001. This operation created a 178-mm opening in the thick concrete wall of the hot cell. To aid in radiological work planning, dose rates outside the penetration in the wall were predicted using MCNP{trademark} photon transport calculations. The predicted dose rate was 7.7 mrem/h, which was reasonably close to the value of 10.4 mrem/h inferred from measurements.

    6. Polymorphous computing fabric

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Wolinski, Christophe Czeslaw; Gokhale, Maya B.; McCabe, Kevin Peter

      2011-01-18

      Fabric-based computing systems and methods are disclosed. A fabric-based computing system can include a polymorphous computing fabric that can be customized on a per application basis and a host processor in communication with said polymorphous computing fabric. The polymorphous computing fabric includes a cellular architecture that can be highly parameterized to enable a customized synthesis of fabric instances for a variety of enhanced application performances thereof. A global memory concept can also be included that provides the host processor random access to all variables and instructions associated with the polymorphous computing fabric.

    7. Comparison of Real World Energy Consumption to Models and DOE...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      PDF icon Comparison of Real World Energy Consumption to Models and Department of Energy ... Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Analyzing Real-World Light Duty ...

    8. Jefferson Lab Celebrates 2005: World Year of Physics | Jefferson...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      World Year of Physics Jefferson Lab Celebrates 2005: World Year of Physics January 24, 2005 Newport News, Va. - This year marks the 100th anniversary of Albert Einstein's ...

    9. Microsoft Word - Wireless Automation World for OE FINAL.doc

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security, Interviews Authors April 16, 2009 The April 2009 issue of Automation World magazine features the white paper ...

    10. Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress | Department of...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress April 6, 2006 - 10:12am Addthis Remarks Prepared for Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman ...

    11. Invention Factor: How Will The World Get Smaller | GE Global...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      is changing the manufacturing process for jet engines and opening up the world of air ... to the Real World in 10 Years primusenginefeaturedimage3 GE Innovation and ...

    12. Solar Junction Develops World Record Setting Concentrated Photovoltaic...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Junction Develops World Record Setting Concentrated Photovoltaic Solar Cell Solar Junction Develops World Record Setting Concentrated Photovoltaic Solar Cell April 18, 2013 - ...

    13. EERE Success Story-Solar Junction Develops World Record Setting...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Solar Junction Develops World Record Setting Concentrated Photovoltaic Solar Cell EERE Success Story-Solar Junction Develops World Record Setting Concentrated Photovoltaic Solar ...

    14. Agua Caliente, World's Largest Solar Photovoltaic Plant, Helps...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Agua Caliente, World's Largest Solar Photovoltaic Plant, Helps Advance America's Solar Leadership Agua Caliente, World's Largest Solar Photovoltaic Plant, Helps Advance America's ...

    15. India-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Name India-World Bank Climate Projects AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis...

    16. Philippines-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Philippines-World Bank Climate Projects AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Geothermal Topics Background...

    17. Fact #839: September 22, 2014 World Petroleum Consumption Continues...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      22, 2014 World Petroleum Consumption Continues to Rise despite Declines from the United States and Europe Fact 839: September 22, 2014 World Petroleum Consumption Continues to ...

    18. Competition Provides Students with Real-World Engineering Experience...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Competition Provides Students with Real-World Engineering Experience Competition Provides Students with Real-World Engineering Experience April 10, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis Fifteen...

    19. World Bank-Climate Change Knowledge Portal | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Climate Change Knowledge Portal Jump to: navigation, search Logo: World Bank-Climate Change Knowledge Portal Name World Bank-Climate Change Knowledge Portal AgencyCompany...

    20. Making Development Climate Resilient: A World Bank Strategy for...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Development Climate Resilient: A World Bank Strategy for Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Development Climate Resilient: A World...

    1. Entech Solar Inc formerly WorldWater Solar Technologies | Open...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Solar Inc formerly WorldWater Solar Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Name: Entech Solar Inc. (formerly WorldWater & Solar Technologies) Place: Fort Worth, Texas Zip: 76177...

    2. Chasing the Sun: Solar Adventures Around the World | Open Energy...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Chasing the Sun: Solar Adventures Around the World Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Chasing the Sun: Solar Adventures Around the World AgencyCompany...

    3. Secretary Chu Joins with World Leaders to Sign International...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Joins with World Leaders to Sign International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation Secretary Chu Joins with World Leaders to Sign International Partnership for Energy ...

    4. Visualization of World Energy Supply | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      isualizationofWorldEnergySupply Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Community Generated Language: English References: OECD1 Motion chart visualization of the world energy supply...

    5. Clean World Capital A S | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      World Capital A S Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clean World Capital AS Place: Lyngby, Denmark Sector: Carbon Product: A cleantech finance house based in Copenhagen and London....

    6. World's Largest Concentrating Solar Power Plant Opens in California...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      World's Largest Concentrating Solar Power Plant Opens in California World's Largest Concentrating Solar Power Plant Opens in California February 19, 2014 - 12:00am Addthis Ivanpah, ...

    7. World Energy Use; ISO Standards that Can Help

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Total world consumption of marketed energy is projected to increase by 49 % from 2007 to 2035. Source : " World Energy Demand and Economic Outlook ", in the International Energy ...

    8. Georgia-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Projects Jump to: navigation, search Name Georgia-World Bank Climate Projects AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Focus Area Renewable Energy, Hydro Topics Background analysis...

    9. Top of the World (Siemens) | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Siemens) Jump to: navigation, search Name Top of the World (Siemens) Facility Top of the World (Siemens) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

    10. Laser Focus World highlights Kaminski's home-grown ARPES spectroscopy...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Laser Focus World highlights Kaminski's home-grown ARPES spectroscopy system Laser Focus World senior editor Gail Overton wrote a story on angled-resolved photo-emission...

    11. Fact #840: September 29, 2014 World Renewable Electricity Consumption...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      40: September 29, 2014 World Renewable Electricity Consumption is Growing Fact 840: September 29, 2014 World Renewable Electricity Consumption is Growing Electricity generated ...

    12. World Geothermal Power Generation 2001-2005 | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      dismantled. Author Ruggero Bertani Conference World Geothermal Congress; Antalya, Turkey; 20050424 Published World Geothermal Congress, 2005 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI...

    13. Energy Advising Services in the Post-ARRA World | Department...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Energy Advising Services in the Post-ARRA World Energy Advising Services in the Post-ARRA World Better Buildings Residential Network Workforce Business Partners Peer Exchange ...

    14. Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Computing | High-performance Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Lattice QCD Farm at the Grid Computing Center at Fermilab. Lattice QCD Farm at the Grid Computing Center at Fermilab. Computing High-performance Computing A workstation computer can perform billions of multiplication and addition operations each second. High-performance parallel computing becomes necessary when computations become too large or too long to complete on a single such machine. In parallel computing, computations are divided up so that many computers can work on the same problem at

    15. Computation Directorate 2007 Annual Report

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Henson, V E; Guse, J A

      2008-03-06

      If there is a single word that both characterized 2007 and dominated the thoughts and actions of many Laboratory employees throughout the year, it is transition. Transition refers to the major shift that took place on October 1, when the University of California relinquished management responsibility for Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC (LLNS), became the new Laboratory management contractor for the Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). In the 55 years under the University of California, LLNL amassed an extraordinary record of significant accomplishments, clever inventions, and momentous contributions in the service of protecting the nation. This legacy provides the new organization with a built-in history, a tradition of excellence, and a solid set of core competencies from which to build the future. I am proud to note that in the nearly seven years I have had the privilege of leading the Computation Directorate, our talented and dedicated staff has made far-reaching contributions to the legacy and tradition we passed on to LLNS. Our place among the world's leaders in high-performance computing, algorithmic research and development, applications, and information technology (IT) services and support is solid. I am especially gratified to report that through all the transition turmoil, and it has been considerable, the Computation Directorate continues to produce remarkable achievements. Our most important asset--the talented, skilled, and creative people who work in Computation--has continued a long-standing Laboratory tradition of delivering cutting-edge science even in the face of adversity. The scope of those achievements is breathtaking, and in 2007, our accomplishments span an amazing range of topics. From making an important contribution to a Nobel Prize-winning effort to creating tools that can detect malicious codes embedded in commercial software; from expanding BlueGene/L, the world's most powerful computer, by 60% and using it to capture the most prestigious prize in the field of computing, to helping create an automated control system for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) that monitors and adjusts more than 60,000 control and diagnostic points; from creating a microarray probe that rapidly detects virulent high-threat organisms, natural or bioterrorist in origin, to replacing large numbers of physical computer servers with small numbers of virtual servers, reducing operating expense by 60%, the people in Computation have been at the center of weighty projects whose impacts are felt across the Laboratory and the DOE community. The accomplishments I just mentioned, and another two dozen or so, make up the stories contained in this report. While they form an exceptionally diverse set of projects and topics, it is what they have in common that excites me. They share the characteristic of being central, often crucial, to the mission-driven business of the Laboratory. Computational science has become fundamental to nearly every aspect of the Laboratory's approach to science and even to the conduct of administration. It is difficult to consider how we would proceed without computing, which occurs at all scales, from handheld and desktop computing to the systems controlling the instruments and mechanisms in the laboratories to the massively parallel supercomputers. The reasons for the dramatic increase in the importance of computing are manifest. Practical, fiscal, or political realities make the traditional approach to science, the cycle of theoretical analysis leading to experimental testing, leading to adjustment of theory, and so on, impossible, impractical, or forbidden. How, for example, can we understand the intricate relationship between human activity and weather and climate? We cannot test our hypotheses by experiment, which would require controlled use of the entire earth over centuries. It is only through extremely intricate, detailed computational simulation that we can test our theories, and simulating weather and climate over the entire globe requires the most massive high-performance computers that exist. Such extreme problems are found in numerous laboratory missions, including astrophysics, weapons programs, materials science, and earth science.

    16. developing-compute-efficient

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Developing Compute-efficient, Quality Models with LS-PrePost 3 on the TRACC Cluster Oct. ... with an emphasis on applying these capabilities to build computationally efficient models. ...

    17. Computers for Learning

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      Through Executive Order 12999, the Computers for Learning Program was established to provide Federal agencies a quick and easy system for donating excess and surplus computer equipment to schools...

    18. Cognitive Computing for Security.

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Debenedictis, Erik; Rothganger, Fredrick; Aimone, James Bradley; Marinella, Matthew; Evans, Brian Robert; Warrender, Christina E.; Mickel, Patrick

      2015-12-01

      Final report for Cognitive Computing for Security LDRD 165613. It reports on the development of hybrid of general purpose/ne uromorphic computer architecture, with an emphasis on potential implementation with memristors.

    19. Computers in Commercial Buildings

      U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

      Government-owned buildings of all types, had, on average, more than one computer per person (1,104 computers per thousand employees). They also had a fairly high ratio of...

    20. Carbon Smackdown: Cookstoves for the developing world

      ScienceCinema (OSTI)

      Ashok Gadgil, Kayje Booker, and Adam Rausch

      2010-09-01

      In this June 30, 2010 Berkeley Lab summer lecture, learn how efficient cookstoves for the developing world ? from Darfur to Ethiopia and beyond ? are reducing carbon dioxide emissions, saving forests, and improving health. Berkeley Lab's Ashok Gadgil, Kayje Booker, and Adam Rausch discuss why they got started in this great challenge and what's next.

    1. Advanced Scientific Computing Research

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Advanced Scientific Computing Research Advanced Scientific Computing Research Discovering, developing, and deploying computational and networking capabilities to analyze, model, simulate, and predict complex phenomena important to the Department of Energy. Get Expertise Pieter Swart (505) 665 9437 Email Pat McCormick (505) 665-0201 Email Dave Higdon (505) 667-2091 Email Fulfilling the potential of emerging computing systems and architectures beyond today's tools and techniques to deliver

    2. Computational Structural Mechanics

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      load-2 TRACC RESEARCH Computational Fluid Dynamics Computational Structural Mechanics Transportation Systems Modeling Computational Structural Mechanics Overview of CSM Computational structural mechanics is a well-established methodology for the design and analysis of many components and structures found in the transportation field. Modern finite-element models (FEMs) play a major role in these evaluations, and sophisticated software, such as the commercially available LS-DYNA® code, is

    3. Computing environment logbook

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Osbourn, Gordon C; Bouchard, Ann M

      2012-09-18

      A computing environment logbook logs events occurring within a computing environment. The events are displayed as a history of past events within the logbook of the computing environment. The logbook provides search functionality to search through the history of past events to find one or more selected past events, and further, enables an undo of the one or more selected past events.

    4. Mathematical and Computational Epidemiology

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Mathematical and Computational Epidemiology Search Site submit Contacts | Sponsors Mathematical and Computational Epidemiology Los Alamos National Laboratory change this image and alt text Menu About Contact Sponsors Research Agent-based Modeling Mixing Patterns, Social Networks Mathematical Epidemiology Social Internet Research Uncertainty Quantification Publications People Mathematical and Computational Epidemiology (MCEpi) Quantifying model uncertainty in agent-based simulations for

    5. BNL ATLAS Grid Computing

      ScienceCinema (OSTI)

      Michael Ernst

      2010-01-08

      As the sole Tier-1 computing facility for ATLAS in the United States and the largest ATLAS computing center worldwide Brookhaven provides a large portion of the overall computing resources for U.S. collaborators and serves as the central hub for storing,

    6. NETL Shares Computing Speed, Efficiency to Tackle Energy Technology

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Barriers | Department of Energy NETL Shares Computing Speed, Efficiency to Tackle Energy Technology Barriers NETL Shares Computing Speed, Efficiency to Tackle Energy Technology Barriers March 29, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - One of the world's fastest supercomputers will be installed at the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) this summer to help develop solutions to carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) technology barriers. NETL's new

    7. DOE Science Showcase - Quantum Computer Hardware | OSTI, US Dept of Energy,

      Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

      Office of Scientific and Technical Information Computer Hardware Building the Quantum Computer In the amazing world of quantum physics, DOE researchers and their partners are designing hardware for quantum computers that function by storing and using data on atoms and the subatomic particles inside of them. Major advances in this hardware development could ultimately accelerate the design of practical, full-scale quantum computers. Learn more about this hardware development in From "1

    8. Arthur B. (Barney) Maccabe Computer Science Department Center for High Performance Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Linux never has been and never will be "Extreme" Arthur B. (Barney) Maccabe Computer Science Department Center for High Performance Computing The University of New Mexico Salishan April 23, 2003 Salishan April 23, 2003 1 This talk was prepared on a Debain Linux box http://www.debian.org using OpenOffice http://www.openoffice.org Salishan April 23, 2003 1 Outline ● My background: lightweight operating systems ● Linux and world domination ● Adapting to innovative technologies ●

    9. 17th Edition of TOP500 List of World's Fastest SupercomputersReseased

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Strohmaier, Erich; Meuer, Hans W.; Dongarra, Jack J.; Simon,Horst D.

      2001-06-21

      17th Edition of TOP500 List of World's Fastest Supercomputers Released MANNHEIM, GERMANY; KNOXVILLE, TENN.; BERKELEY, CALIF. In what has become a much-anticipated event in the world of high-performance computing, the 17th edition of the TOP500 list of the world's fastest supercomputers was released today (June 21). The latest edition of the twice-yearly ranking finds IBM as the leader in the field, with 40 percent in terms of installed systems and 43 percent in terms of total performance of all the installed systems. In second place in terms of installed systems is Sun Microsystems with 16 percent, while Cray Inc. retained second place in terms of performance (13 percent). SGI Inc. was third both with respect to systems with 63 (12.6 percent) and performance (10.2 percent).

    10. Scalable optical quantum computer

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Manykin, E A; Mel'nichenko, E V [Institute for Superconductivity and Solid-State Physics, Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow (Russian Federation)

      2014-12-31

      A way of designing a scalable optical quantum computer based on the photon echo effect is proposed. Individual rare earth ions Pr{sup 3+}, regularly located in the lattice of the orthosilicate (Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}) crystal, are suggested to be used as optical qubits. Operations with qubits are performed using coherent and incoherent laser pulses. The operation protocol includes both the method of measurement-based quantum computations and the technique of optical computations. Modern hybrid photon echo protocols, which provide a sufficient quantum efficiency when reading recorded states, are considered as most promising for quantum computations and communications. (quantum computer)

    11. COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE CENTER

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      DAVENPORT, J.

      2005-11-01

      The Brookhaven Computational Science Center brings together researchers in biology, chemistry, physics, and medicine with applied mathematicians and computer scientists to exploit the remarkable opportunities for scientific discovery which have been enabled by modern computers. These opportunities are especially great in computational biology and nanoscience, but extend throughout science and technology and include, for example, nuclear and high energy physics, astrophysics, materials and chemical science, sustainable energy, environment, and homeland security. To achieve our goals we have established a close alliance with applied mathematicians and computer scientists at Stony Brook and Columbia Universities.

    12. How DARHT Works - the World's Most Powerful X-ray Machine

      ScienceCinema (OSTI)

      None

      2014-06-25

      The Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory is an essential scientific tool that supports Stockpile Stewardship at the Laboratory. The World's most powerful x-ray machine, it's used to take high-speed images of mock nuclear devices - data that is used to confirm and modify advanced computer codes in assuring the safety, security, and effectiveness of the U.S. nuclear deterrent.

    13. World War II role of Oak Ridge National

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      of Energy World Toilet Day: Celebrate Sanitation and Efficient Flushing! World Toilet Day: Celebrate Sanitation and Efficient Flushing! November 15, 2010 - 5:01pm Addthis Scott Minos Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Believe it or not, this Friday, November 19 is World Toilet Day, an annual event hosted by the World Toilet Organization since 2001 to raise awareness for proper sanitation world-wide. From outhouses to water closets, humans devising creative ways to relieve

    14. World Toilet Day: Celebrate Sanitation and Efficient Flushing! | Department

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      of Energy World Toilet Day: Celebrate Sanitation and Efficient Flushing! World Toilet Day: Celebrate Sanitation and Efficient Flushing! November 15, 2010 - 5:01pm Addthis Scott Minos Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Believe it or not, this Friday, November 19 is World Toilet Day, an annual event hosted by the World Toilet Organization since 2001 to raise awareness for proper sanitation world-wide. From outhouses to water closets, humans devising creative ways to relieve

    15. Bridging the Nano-World and the Real World in Polymer Solar Cells | U.S.

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      DOE Office of Science (SC) Bridging the Nano-World and the Real World in Polymer Solar Cells Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) Community Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: Email Us More Information »

    16. World energy: Building a sustainable future

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Schipper, L.; Meyers, S.

      1992-04-01

      As the 20th century draws to a close, both individual countries and the world community face challenging problems related to the supply and use energy. These include local and regional environmental impacts, the prospect of global climate and sea level change associated with the greenhouse effect, and threats to international relations in connection with oil supply or nuclear proliferation. For developing countries, the financial cost of providing energy to provide basic needs and fuel economic development pose an additional burden. To assess the magnitude of future problems and the potential effectiveness of response strategies, it is important to understand how and why energy use has changed in the post and where it is heading. This requires study of the activities for which energy is used, and of how people and technology interact to provide the energy services that are desired. The authors and their colleagues have analyzed trends in energy use by sector for most of the world`s major energy-consuming countries. The approach we use considers three key elements in each sector: the level of activity, structural change, and energy intensity, which expresses the amount of energy used for various activities. At a disaggregated level, energy intensity is indicative of energy efficiency. But other factors besides technical efficiency also shape intensity.

    17. The growing world LP-gas supply

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Hoare, M.C.

      1988-11-01

      The possible range of future (LPG) export availabilities is huge, but actual production levels depend on factors, many of which are beyond our direct control - world demand for crude oil and gas, developments in technology, and the price of both energy in general and LPG specifically. Although these factors limit some of the potential developments, a substantial increase in LPG supply is certain, and this is likely to depress its price relative to other products. Over the last few years, a dramatic expansion has taken place in the industry. From 1980 to 1987, non-Communist world production of LPG increased by close to 35%, to a total of 115 million tonnes. If this is set against the general energy scene, LPG represented 3.7% of crude oil production by weight in 1980, rising to 5.4% in 1987. This growth reflects rise in consciousness around the world of the value of the product. LPG is no longer regarded as a byproduct, which is flared or disposed of at low value, but increasingly as a co-product, and much of the growth in production has been due to the installation of tailored recovery systems. LPG markets historically developed around sources of supply, constrained by the costs of transportation. The major exceptions, of course, were the Middle East, the large exporter, and Japan, the large importer.

    18. Sandia Energy - High Performance Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      High Performance Computing Home Energy Research Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) High Performance Computing High Performance Computingcwdd2015-03-18T21:41:24+00:00...

    19. COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE CENTER

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      DAVENPORT, J.

      2006-11-01

      Computational Science is an integral component of Brookhaven's multi science mission, and is a reflection of the increased role of computation across all of science. Brookhaven currently has major efforts in data storage and analysis for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the ATLAS detector at CERN, and in quantum chromodynamics. The Laboratory is host for the QCDOC machines (quantum chromodynamics on a chip), 10 teraflop/s computers which boast 12,288 processors each. There are two here, one for the Riken/BNL Research Center and the other supported by DOE for the US Lattice Gauge Community and other scientific users. A 100 teraflop/s supercomputer will be installed at Brookhaven in the coming year, managed jointly by Brookhaven and Stony Brook, and funded by a grant from New York State. This machine will be used for computational science across Brookhaven's entire research program, and also by researchers at Stony Brook and across New York State. With Stony Brook, Brookhaven has formed the New York Center for Computational Science (NYCCS) as a focal point for interdisciplinary computational science, which is closely linked to Brookhaven's Computational Science Center (CSC). The CSC has established a strong program in computational science, with an emphasis on nanoscale electronic structure and molecular dynamics, accelerator design, computational fluid dynamics, medical imaging, parallel computing and numerical algorithms. We have been an active participant in DOES SciDAC program (Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing). We are also planning a major expansion in computational biology in keeping with Laboratory initiatives. Additional laboratory initiatives with a dependence on a high level of computation include the development of hydrodynamics models for the interpretation of RHIC data, computational models for the atmospheric transport of aerosols, and models for combustion and for energy utilization. The CSC was formed to bring together researchers in these areas and to provide a focal point for the development of computational expertise at the Laboratory. These efforts will connect to and support the Department of Energy's long range plans to provide Leadership class computing to researchers throughout the Nation. Recruitment for six new positions at Stony Brook to strengthen its computational science programs is underway. We expect some of these to be held jointly with BNL.

    20. NERSC Computer Security

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Security NERSC Computer Security NERSC computer security efforts are aimed at protecting NERSC systems and its users' intellectual property from unauthorized access or modification. Among NERSC's security goal are: 1. To protect NERSC systems from unauthorized access. 2. To prevent the interruption of services to its users. 3. To prevent misuse or abuse of NERSC resources. Security Incidents If you think there has been a computer security incident you should contact NERSC Security as soon as

    1. Edison Electrifies Scientific Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Edison Electrifies Scientific Computing Edison Electrifies Scientific Computing NERSC Flips Switch on New Flagship Supercomputer January 31, 2014 Contact: Margie Wylie, mwylie@lbl.gov, +1 510 486 7421 The National Energy Research Scientific Computing (NERSC) Center recently accepted "Edison," a new flagship supercomputer designed for scientific productivity. Named in honor of American inventor Thomas Alva Edison, the Cray XC30 will be dedicated in a ceremony held at the Department of

    2. Computational Earth Science

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Nucleosynthesis (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Computational Astrophysics Consortium 3 - Supernovae, Gamma-Ray Bursts and Nucleosynthesis Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Computational Astrophysics Consortium 3 - Supernovae, Gamma-Ray Bursts and Nucleosynthesis Final project report for UCSC's participation in the Computational Astrophysics Consortium - Supernovae, Gamma-Ray Bursts and Nucleosynthesis. As an appendix, the report of the entire Consortium is also appended.

    3. Computer Architecture Lab

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      FastForward CAL Partnerships Shifter: User Defined Images Archive APEX Home » R & D » Exascale Computing » CAL Computer Architecture Lab The goal of the Computer Architecture Laboratory (CAL) is engage in research and development into energy efficient and effective processor and memory architectures for DOE's Exascale program. CAL coordinates hardware architecture R&D activities across the DOE. CAL is a joint NNSA/SC activity involving Sandia National Laboratories (CAL-Sandia) and

    4. Ultra-Scale Computing for Emergency Evacuation

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Bhaduri, Budhendra L; Nutaro, James J; Liu, Cheng; Zacharia, Thomas

      2010-01-01

      Emergency evacuations are carried out in anticipation of a disaster such as hurricane landfall or flooding, and in response to a disaster that strikes without a warning. Existing emergency evacuation modeling and simulation tools are primarily designed for evacuation planning and are of limited value in operational support for real time evacuation management. In order to align with desktop computing, these models reduce the data and computational complexities through simple approximations and representations of real network conditions and traffic behaviors, which rarely represent real-world scenarios. With the emergence of high resolution physiographic, demographic, and socioeconomic data and supercomputing platforms, it is possible to develop micro-simulation based emergency evacuation models that can foster development of novel algorithms for human behavior and traffic assignments, and can simulate evacuation of millions of people over a large geographic area. However, such advances in evacuation modeling and simulations demand computational capacity beyond the desktop scales and can be supported by high performance computing platforms. This paper explores the motivation and feasibility of ultra-scale computing for increasing the speed of high resolution emergency evacuation simulations.

    5. 2011 Computation Directorate Annual Report

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Crawford, D L

      2012-04-11

      From its founding in 1952 until today, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has made significant strategic investments to develop high performance computing (HPC) and its application to national security and basic science. Now, 60 years later, the Computation Directorate and its myriad resources and capabilities have become a key enabler for LLNL programs and an integral part of the effort to support our nation's nuclear deterrent and, more broadly, national security. In addition, the technological innovation HPC makes possible is seen as vital to the nation's economic vitality. LLNL, along with other national laboratories, is working to make supercomputing capabilities and expertise available to industry to boost the nation's global competitiveness. LLNL is on the brink of an exciting milestone with the 2012 deployment of Sequoia, the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA's) 20-petaFLOP/s resource that will apply uncertainty quantification to weapons science. Sequoia will bring LLNL's total computing power to more than 23 petaFLOP/s-all brought to bear on basic science and national security needs. The computing systems at LLNL provide game-changing capabilities. Sequoia and other next-generation platforms will enable predictive simulation in the coming decade and leverage industry trends, such as massively parallel and multicore processors, to run petascale applications. Efficient petascale computing necessitates refining accuracy in materials property data, improving models for known physical processes, identifying and then modeling for missing physics, quantifying uncertainty, and enhancing the performance of complex models and algorithms in macroscale simulation codes. Nearly 15 years ago, NNSA's Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative (ASCI), now called the Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Program, was the critical element needed to shift from test-based confidence to science-based confidence. Specifically, ASCI/ASC accelerated the development of simulation capabilities necessary to ensure confidence in the nuclear stockpile-far exceeding what might have been achieved in the absence of a focused initiative. While stockpile stewardship research pushed LLNL scientists to develop new computer codes, better simulation methods, and improved visualization technologies, this work also stimulated the exploration of HPC applications beyond the standard sponsor base. As LLNL advances to a petascale platform and pursues exascale computing (1,000 times faster than Sequoia), ASC will be paramount to achieving predictive simulation and uncertainty quantification. Predictive simulation and quantifying the uncertainty of numerical predictions where little-to-no data exists demands exascale computing and represents an expanding area of scientific research important not only to nuclear weapons, but to nuclear attribution, nuclear reactor design, and understanding global climate issues, among other fields. Aside from these lofty goals and challenges, computing at LLNL is anything but 'business as usual.' International competition in supercomputing is nothing new, but the HPC community is now operating in an expanded, more aggressive climate of global competitiveness. More countries understand how science and technology research and development are inextricably linked to economic prosperity, and they are aggressively pursuing ways to integrate HPC technologies into their native industrial and consumer products. In the interest of the nation's economic security and the science and technology that underpins it, LLNL is expanding its portfolio and forging new collaborations. We must ensure that HPC remains an asymmetric engine of innovation for the Laboratory and for the U.S. and, in doing so, protect our research and development dynamism and the prosperity it makes possible. One untapped area of opportunity LLNL is pursuing is to help U.S. industry understand how supercomputing can benefit their business. Industrial investment in HPC applications has historically been limited by the prohibitive cost of entry, the inaccessibility of software to run the powerful systems, and the years it takes to grow the expertise to develop codes and run them in an optimal way. LLNL is helping industry better compete in the global market place by providing access to some of the world's most powerful computing systems, the tools to run them, and the experts who are adept at using them. Our scientists are collaborating side by side with industrial partners to develop solutions to some of industry's toughest problems. The goal of the Livermore Valley Open Campus High Performance Computing Innovation Center is to allow American industry the opportunity to harness the power of supercomputing by leveraging the scientific and computational expertise at LLNL in order to gain a competitive advantage in the global economy.

    6. Applied Computer Science

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Results from a climate simulation computed using the Model for Prediction Across Scales (MPAS) code. This visualization shows the temperature of ocean currents using a green and ...

    7. Computational Physics and Methods

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      ... for use in Advanced Strategic Computing codes Theory and modeling of dense plasmas in ICF and astrophysics environments Theory and modeling of astrophysics in support of NASA ...

    8. Personal Computer Inventory System

      Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

      1993-10-04

      PCIS is a database software system that is used to maintain a personal computer hardware and software inventory, track transfers of hardware and software, and provide reports.

    9. 60 Years of Computing | Department of Energy

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      60 Years of Computing 60 Years of Computing

    10. Argonne's Laboratory computing resource center : 2006 annual report.

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Bair, R. B.; Kaushik, D. K.; Riley, K. R.; Valdes, J. V.; Drugan, C. D.; Pieper, G. P.

      2007-05-31

      Argonne National Laboratory founded the Laboratory Computing Resource Center (LCRC) in the spring of 2002 to help meet pressing program needs for computational modeling, simulation, and analysis. The guiding mission is to provide critical computing resources that accelerate the development of high-performance computing expertise, applications, and computations to meet the Laboratory's challenging science and engineering missions. In September 2002 the LCRC deployed a 350-node computing cluster from Linux NetworX to address Laboratory needs for mid-range supercomputing. This cluster, named 'Jazz', achieved over a teraflop of computing power (10{sup 12} floating-point calculations per second) on standard tests, making it the Laboratory's first terascale computing system and one of the 50 fastest computers in the world at the time. Jazz was made available to early users in November 2002 while the system was undergoing development and configuration. In April 2003, Jazz was officially made available for production operation. Since then, the Jazz user community has grown steadily. By the end of fiscal year 2006, there were 76 active projects on Jazz involving over 380 scientists and engineers. These projects represent a wide cross-section of Laboratory expertise, including work in biosciences, chemistry, climate, computer science, engineering applications, environmental science, geoscience, information science, materials science, mathematics, nanoscience, nuclear engineering, and physics. Most important, many projects have achieved results that would have been unobtainable without such a computing resource. The LCRC continues to foster growth in the computational science and engineering capability and quality at the Laboratory. Specific goals include expansion of the use of Jazz to new disciplines and Laboratory initiatives, teaming with Laboratory infrastructure providers to offer more scientific data management capabilities, expanding Argonne staff use of national computing facilities, and improving the scientific reach and performance of Argonne's computational applications. Furthermore, recognizing that Jazz is fully subscribed, with considerable unmet demand, the LCRC has framed a 'path forward' for additional computing resources.

    11. Information Science, Computing, Applied Math

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Information Science, Computing, Applied Math science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Information Science, Computing, Applied Math National security depends on science ...

    12. Toward a nuclear weapons free world?

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Maaranen, S.A.

      1996-09-01

      Doubts about the wisdom of relying on nuclear weapons are as old as nuclear weapons themselves. But despite this questioning, nuclear weapons came to be seen as the indispensable element of American (indeed Western) security during the Cold War. By the 1970s and 1980s, however, discontent was growing about the intense US-Soviet nuclear arms competition, as it failed to provide any enduring improvement in security; rather, it was seen as creating ever greater risks and dangers. Arms control negotiations and limitations, adopted as a means to regulate the technical competition, may also have relieved some of the political pressures and dangers. But the balance of terror, and the fears of it, continued. The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) under President Reagan was a very different approach to escaping from the precarious protection of nuclear weapons, in that it sought a way to continue to defend the US and the West, but without the catastrophic risks of mutual deterrence. As such, SDI connoted unhappiness with the precarious nuclear balance and, for many, with nuclear weapons in general. The disappearance of the Warsaw Pact, the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and the sudden end of the Cold War seemed to offer a unique opportunity to fashion a new, more peaceful world order that might allow for fading away of nuclear weapons. Scholars have foreseen two different paths to a nuclear free world. The first is a fundamental improvement in the relationships between states such that nuclear weapons are no longer needed. The second path is through technological development, e.g., missile defenses which could provide effective protection against nuclear attacks. The paper discusses nuclear weapon policy in the US, views of other nuclear states, the future of nuclear weapons, and issues in a less-nuclear world.

    13. Toward a defense-dominated world

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Wood, L.

      1993-08-01

      Maintaining the large-scale peace in a defense-dominated world necessarily will require not only passive but also active defenses against large-scale aggression that are technically feasible, practical and easy to employ -- and robust against perversion into support of aggression. Such peace maintenance tool-sets will feature means for effectively rebuking aggression as well as providing timely and very widely available seaming of aggression underway anywhere. This report discusses the technology base which currently exists to provide world-wide, high-quality imagery at moderate (5--10 meter) spatial resolution or imagery of 1% of the Earth`s land surface at high ({le} 1 meter) resolution no less frequently than daily, at a total cost of the order of $1 B, with operational capability in the later `90s. Such systems could provide timely warning of aggressive actions anywhere. Similarly, space-based means of defeating aggression conducted with even quite short-range ballistic missiles anywhere in the world could be brought into existence by the end of the `90s for a total cost of about $10 B, and small high-altitude, long flight-duration robotic aircraft carrying high-performance sensors and interceptor missilery could provide both seaming and active defenses against attacks conducted with very short range ballistic missiles, as well as attacks launched with air-breathing threats such as bombers and cruise missiles, for a cost per defended area of the order of $10/km{sup 2}. It appears that all of the associated sensors can find apt dual-use as high-performance systems for monitoring physical aspects of the human environment.

    14. Anthropometry for WorldSID, a World-Harmonized Midsize Male Side Impact Crash Dummy

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      S. Moss; Z. Wang; M. Salloum; M. Reed; M. Van Ratingen; D. Cesari; R. Scherer; T. Uchimura; M. Beusenberg

      2000-06-19

      The WorldSID project is a global effort to design a new generation side impact crash test dummy under the direction of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The first WorldSID crash dummy will represent a world-harmonized mid-size adult male. This paper discusses the research and rationale undertaken to define the anthropometry of a world standard midsize male in the typical automotive seated posture. Various anthropometry databases are compared region by region and in terms of the key dimensions needed for crash dummy design. The Anthropometry for Motor Vehicle Occupants (AMVO) dataset, as established by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI), is selected as the basis for the WorldSID mid-size male, updated to include revisions to the pelvis bone location. The proposed mass of the dummy is 77.3kg with full arms. The rationale for the selected mass is discussed. The joint location and surface landmark database is appended to this paper.

    15. World Energy Projection System Plus: An Overview

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2011-01-01

      This report contains a summary description of the methodology and scope of WEPS and each of its component models. WEPS is a computer-based, energy modeling system of long-term international energy markets for the period through 2035. The system was used to produce the International Energy Outlook 2011.

    16. Theory, Simulation, and Computation

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      ADTSC Theory, Simulation, and Computation Supporting the Laboratory's overarching strategy to provide cutting-edge tools to guide and interpret experiments and further our fundamental understanding and predictive capabilities for complex systems. Theory, modeling, informatics Suites of experiment data High performance computing, simulation, visualization Contacts Associate Director John Sarrao Deputy Associate Director Paul Dotson Directorate Office (505) 667-6645 Email Applying the Scientific

    17. ELECTRONIC DIGITAL COMPUTER

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Stone, J.J. Jr.; Bettis, E.S.; Mann, E.R.

      1957-10-01

      The electronic digital computer is designed to solve systems involving a plurality of simultaneous linear equations. The computer can solve a system which converges rather rapidly when using Von Seidel's method of approximation and performs the summations required for solving for the unknown terms by a method of successive approximations.

    18. Computer Processor Allocator

      Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

      2004-03-01

      The Compute Processor Allocator (CPA) provides an efficient and reliable mechanism for managing and allotting processors in a massively parallel (MP) computer. It maintains information in a database on the health. configuration and allocation of each processor. This persistent information is factored in to each allocation decision. The CPA runs in a distributed fashion to avoid a single point of failure.

    19. Indirection and computer security.

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Berg, Michael J.

      2011-09-01

      The discipline of computer science is built on indirection. David Wheeler famously said, 'All problems in computer science can be solved by another layer of indirection. But that usually will create another problem'. We propose that every computer security vulnerability is yet another problem created by the indirections in system designs and that focusing on the indirections involved is a better way to design, evaluate, and compare security solutions. We are not proposing that indirection be avoided when solving problems, but that understanding the relationships between indirections and vulnerabilities is key to securing computer systems. Using this perspective, we analyze common vulnerabilities that plague our computer systems, consider the effectiveness of currently available security solutions, and propose several new security solutions.

    20. ACToR - Aggregated Computational Toxicology Resource

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Judson, Richard Richard, Ann; Dix, David; Houck, Keith; Elloumi, Fathi; Martin, Matthew; Cathey, Tommy; Transue, Thomas R.; Spencer, Richard; Wolf, Maritja

      2008-11-15

      ACToR (Aggregated Computational Toxicology Resource) is a database and set of software applications that bring into one central location many types and sources of data on environmental chemicals. Currently, the ACToR chemical database contains information on chemical structure, in vitro bioassays and in vivo toxicology assays derived from more than 150 sources including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Centers for Disease Control (CDC), U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), National Institutes of Health (NIH), state agencies, corresponding government agencies in Canada, Europe and Japan, universities, the World Health Organization (WHO) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). At the EPA National Center for Computational Toxicology, ACToR helps manage large data sets being used in a high-throughput environmental chemical screening and prioritization program called ToxCast{sup TM}.

    1. World energy: Building a sustainable future

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Schipper, L.; Meyers, S.

      1992-04-01

      As the 20th century draws to a close, both individual countries and the world community face challenging problems related to the supply and use energy. These include local and regional environmental impacts, the prospect of global climate and sea level change associated with the greenhouse effect, and threats to international relations in connection with oil supply or nuclear proliferation. For developing countries, the financial cost of providing energy to provide basic needs and fuel economic development pose an additional burden. To assess the magnitude of future problems and the potential effectiveness of response strategies, it is important to understand how and why energy use has changed in the post and where it is heading. This requires study of the activities for which energy is used, and of how people and technology interact to provide the energy services that are desired. The authors and their colleagues have analyzed trends in energy use by sector for most of the world's major energy-consuming countries. The approach we use considers three key elements in each sector: the level of activity, structural change, and energy intensity, which expresses the amount of energy used for various activities. At a disaggregated level, energy intensity is indicative of energy efficiency. But other factors besides technical efficiency also shape intensity.

    2. World crude output overcomes Persian Gulf disruption

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Not Available

      1992-02-01

      Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet output took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined output rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.

    3. World trends: Improving fortunes restore upstream health

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      1996-08-01

      After a decade of recovery from the oil price collapse of 1986, the global upstream industry appears headed for a period of renewed strength and growth. Underpinning the prosperity is steady unrelenting growth in crude demand. Stronger global crude demand and heavy natural gas usage in the US are driving higher prices. Operators are reacting to better prices with larger drilling programs. Also boosting drilling levels are crude production expansion projects that many countries have underway in response to perceived future demand. Not surprisingly, World Oil`s outlook calls for global drilling to rise 4.5% to 60,273 wells, a second straight annual increase. Better US activity is helping, but so are stronger-than-expected numbers in Canada. Meanwhile, World Oil`s 51st annual survey of governments and operators indicates that global oil production rose 1.4% last year, to 62,774 million bpd. That was not enough, however, to keep up with demand. The paper discusses financial performance, business practices, other factors, and operating outlook. A table lists the 1996 forecasts, estimated wells drilled in 1995, and total wells and footage drilled in 1994 by country. A second table lists global crude and condensate production and wells actually producing in 1995 versus 1994.

    4. American Road: Clean Diesels for the Real World | Department...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      American Road: Clean Diesels for the Real World American Road: Clean Diesels for the Real World Perspectives on clean diesels and public policy as it is developing in the US, as ...

    5. FutureWorld Energy Inc | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      search Name: FutureWorld Energy Inc Place: Florida Zip: 33701 Product: Florida-based marine energy project developer. References: FutureWorld Energy Inc1 This article is a...

    6. NewWorld Capital Group LLC | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      NewWorld Capital Group LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: NewWorld Capital Group LLC Place: New York, New York Zip: 10022 Sector: Efficiency Product: New York-based private...

    7. Better World Club Travel Cool | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      World Club Travel Cool Jump to: navigation, search Name: Better World Club Travel Cool Place: Portland, Oregon Zip: 97209 Product: Travel Cool is the eNewsletter of the Better...

    8. Top of the World (GE) | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      GE) Jump to: navigation, search Name Top of the World (GE) Facility Top of the World (GE) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner...

    9. What the World's Greatest Energy Managers Do Differently

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      intense pulsed neutron source and a world-class research reactor 1.4B budget ... U.S. ITER project I. DO Understand the GAME II. DO Build A Strong Coalition World's ...

    10. Secretary Chu at the World Renewable Energy Forum in Denver ...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      at the World Renewable Energy Forum in Denver Secretary Chu at the World Renewable Energy Forum in Denver May 16, 2012 - 6:26pm Addthis 1 of 12 Santiago Seage, CEO of Abengoa Solar ...

    11. World's largest single crystal of gold verified at Los Alamos

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      World's largest single crystal of gold verified at Los Alamos World's largest single crystal of gold verified at Los Alamos The SCD instrument is used to determine the periodic...

    12. Solar Junction Develops World Record Setting Concentrated Photovoltaic Solar Cell

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      EERE supported the development of Solar Junction's concentrated photovoltaic technology that set a world record for conversion efficiency.

    13. Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security | Department

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      of Energy Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security The April 2009 issue of Automation World magazine features the white paper Wireless Systems Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical Infrastructure Protection Standards. PDF icon Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security More Documents & Publications Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical Infrastructure

    14. Trinity Site - World's First Nuclear Explosion | Department of Energy

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Trinity Site - World's First Nuclear Explosion Trinity Site - World's First Nuclear Explosion Trinity Site - World's First Nuclear Explosion The world's first nuclear explosion occurred on July 16, 1945, when a plutonium implosion device was tested at a site located 210 miles south of Los Alamos on the barren plains of the Alamogordo Bombing Range, known as the Jornada del Muerto. Inspired by the poetry of John Donne, J. Robert Oppenheimer code-named the test Trinity. Hoisted atop a 150-foot

    15. World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      AgencyCompany Organization: World Bank Topics: Finance Resource Type: Guidemanual Website: siteresources.worldbank.orgINTRANETFINANCIALMGMTResourcesFMB-Notes...

    16. Taming the Wild World of Management, Performance and Communication - 13459

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Ford, Laurie

      2013-07-01

      Management has evolved a long way from its original meaning of 'governing a horse'. The industrial revolution fostered 'scientific management'; 1930's Hawthorne studies discovered that people's social interactions could alter productivity; and the dawn of the computer age in the post-war 1950's brought general systems theory into management thinking. Today, mobile wireless connectivity aims to transform ever-changing networks of players, mandates, and markets into something that can be 'managed'. So why is there no clear and simple recipe for how to practice management? We talk about financial management, safety management, and operations management, but surely the 'management' part of those endeavors will share the same set of practices. Instead, we are still arguing for 'management' to include everything from developing people to negotiating contracts. A manager's job may include many things, but one of them, the job of management, needs to be nailed down. Three standard practices for managing in a network are developed: (a) support the dialogues that connect people vital to accomplishing a goal or objective; (b) develop and sustain the scoreboards that serve as a road-map to reach the goal; and (c) control the feedback to 'govern the horse'. These three practices are useful for more than reaching goals, as they also support coordinating across boundaries and running productive meetings. The dialogues for productive relationships, scoreboards for goals and deliverables, and feedback for performance together constitute a recipe for managing in a networked world. (authors)

    17. World's First 3-D Printed Car | Department of Energy

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      World's First 3-D Printed Car World's First 3-D Printed Car Addthis Description The video is about a partnership between Local Motors and Oak Ridge National Laboratory to print the world's first 3-D printed car-the Strati-at the 2014 International Manufacturing Technology Show

    18. Building a World of Difference | Department of Energy

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Building a World of Difference Building a World of Difference Waste-to-Energy Roadmapping Workshop Building a World of Difference Presentation by Patricia Scanlan, Director of Residuals Treatment Technologies, Black & Veatch PDF icon scanlan_waste_to_energy_2014.pdf More Documents & Publications Waste-to-Energy Workshop Summary Report Biogas Opportunities Roadmap Biogas Opportunities Roadmap Progress Report

    19. Real-World Hydrogen Technology Validation: Preprint

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Sprik, S.; Kurtz, J.; Wipke, K.; Ramsden, T.; Ainscough, C.; Eudy, L.; Saur, G.

      2012-03-01

      The Department of Energy, the Department of Defense's Defense Logistics Agency, and the Department of Transportation's Federal Transit Administration have funded learning demonstrations and early market deployments to provide insight into applications of hydrogen technologies on the road, in the warehouse, and as stationary power. NREL's analyses validate the technology in real-world applications, reveal the status of the technology, and facilitate the development of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, manufacturing, and operations. This paper presents the maintenance, safety, and operation data of fuel cells in multiple applications with the reported incidents, near misses, and frequencies. NREL has analyzed records of more than 225,000 kilograms of hydrogen that have been dispensed through more than 108,000 hydrogen fills with an excellent safety record.

    20. MicrobeWorld Radio and Communications Initiative

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Barbara Hyde

      2006-11-22

      MicrobeWorld is a 90-second feature broadcast daily on more than 90 public radio stations and available from several sources as a podcast, including www.microbeworld.org. The feature has a strong focus on the use and adapatbility of microbes as alternative sources of energy, in bioremediation, their role in climate, and especially the many benefits and scientific advances that have resulting from decoding microbial genomes. These audio features are permanantly archived on an educational outreach site, microbeworld.org, where they are linked to the National Science Education Standards. They are also being used by instructors at all levels to introduce students to the multiple roles and potential of microbes, including a pilot curriculum program for middle-school students in New York.

    1. Lighting the World in a Different Way

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Wilber, Nicole; Houmpheng, Krista; Coltrin, Mike

      2013-07-18

      Representing the Solid State Lighting Science (SSLS), this document is one of the entries in the Ten Hundred and One Word Challenge. As part of the challenge, the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers were invited to represent their science in images, cartoons, photos, words and original paintings, but any descriptions or words could only use the 1000 most commonly used words in the English language, with the addition of one word important to each of the EFRCs and the mission of DOE: energy. The mission of the SSLS is to help build the scientific foundation that enables solid-state lighting to produce the most light for the least energy, both in the U.S. and, as a side-benefit, throughout the world.

    2. Present and Future Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      ... Important for DOE Energy Frontier Mission 2 * TH HEP is new ... & PDSF (studies based on usage for end of Sep 2012 - Nov ... framework (Sherpa), and a library for the computation of ...

    3. Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      a n n u a l r e p o r t 2 0 1 2 Argonne Leadership Computing Facility Director's Message .............................................................................................................................1 About ALCF ......................................................................................................................................... 2 IntroDuCIng MIrA Introducing Mira

    4. Cloud computing security.

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Shin, Dongwan; Claycomb, William R.; Urias, Vincent E.

      2010-10-01

      Cloud computing is a paradigm rapidly being embraced by government and industry as a solution for cost-savings, scalability, and collaboration. While a multitude of applications and services are available commercially for cloud-based solutions, research in this area has yet to fully embrace the full spectrum of potential challenges facing cloud computing. This tutorial aims to provide researchers with a fundamental understanding of cloud computing, with the goals of identifying a broad range of potential research topics, and inspiring a new surge in research to address current issues. We will also discuss real implementations of research-oriented cloud computing systems for both academia and government, including configuration options, hardware issues, challenges, and solutions.

    5. Quantum steady computation

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Castagnoli, G. )

      1991-08-10

      This paper reports that current conceptions of quantum mechanical computers inherit from conventional digital machines two apparently interacting features, machine imperfection and temporal development of the computational process. On account of machine imperfection, the process would become ideally reversible only in the limiting case of zero speed. Therefore the process is irreversible in practice and cannot be considered to be a fundamental quantum one. By giving up classical features and using a linear, reversible and non-sequential representation of the computational process - not realizable in classical machines - the process can be identified with the mathematical form of a quantum steady state. This form of steady quantum computation would seem to have an important bearing on the notion of cognition.

    6. Edison Electrifies Scientific Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      ... Deployment of Edison was made possible in part by funding from DOE's Office of Science and the DARPA High Productivity Computing Systems program. DOE's Office of Science is the ...

    7. Computing | Department of Energy

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Computing Computing Fun fact: Most systems require air conditioning or chilled water to cool super powerful supercomputers, but the Olympus supercomputer at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is cooled by the location's 65 degree groundwater. Traditional cooling systems could cost up to $61,000 in electricity each year, but this more efficient setup uses 70 percent less energy. | Photo courtesy of PNNL. Fun fact: Most systems require air conditioning or chilled water to cool super powerful

    8. Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Argonne National Laboratory | 9700 South Cass Avenue | Argonne, IL 60439 | www.anl.gov | September 2013 alcf_keyfacts_fs_0913 Key facts about the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility User support and services Skilled experts at the ALCF enable researchers to conduct breakthrough science on the Blue Gene system in key ways. Catalysts are computational scientist with domain expertise and work directly with project principal investigators to maximize discovery and reduce time-to- solution.

    9. New TRACC Cluster Computer

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      TRACC Cluster Computer With the addition of a new cluster called Zephyr that was made operational in September of this year (2012), TRACC now offers two clusters to choose from: Zephyr and our original cluster that has now been named Phoenix. Zephyr was acquired from Atipa technologies, and it is a 92-node system with each node having two AMD 16 core, 2.3 GHz, 32 GB processors. See also Computing Resources.

    10. Computational Modeling | Bioenergy | NREL

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computational Modeling NREL uses computational modeling to increase the efficiency of biomass conversion by rational design using multiscale modeling, applying theoretical approaches, and testing scientific hypotheses. model of enzymes wrapping on cellulose; colorful circular structures entwined through blue strands Cellulosomes are complexes of protein scaffolds and enzymes that are highly effective in decomposing biomass. This is a snapshot of a coarse-grain model of complex cellulosome

    11. Computational Physics and Methods

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      2 Computational Physics and Methods Performing innovative simulations of physics phenomena on tomorrow's scientific computing platforms Growth and emissivity of young galaxy hosting a supermassive black hole as calculated in cosmological code ENZO and post-processed with radiative transfer code AURORA. image showing detailed turbulence simulation, Rayleigh-Taylor Turbulence imaging: the largest turbulence simulations to date Advanced multi-scale modeling Turbulence datasets Density iso-surfaces

    12. Advanced Simulation and Computing

      National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

      NA-ASC-117R-09-Vol.1-Rev.0 Advanced Simulation and Computing PROGRAM PLAN FY09 October 2008 ASC Focal Point Robert Meisner, Director DOE/NNSA NA-121.2 202-586-0908 Program Plan Focal Point for NA-121.2 Njema Frazier DOE/NNSA NA-121.2 202-586-5789 A Publication of the Office of Advanced Simulation & Computing, NNSA Defense Programs i Contents Executive Summary ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 I. Introduction

    13. Compute Reservation Request Form

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Compute Reservation Request Form Compute Reservation Request Form Users can request a scheduled reservation of machine resources if their jobs have special needs that cannot be accommodated through the regular batch system. A reservation brings some portion of the machine to a specific user or project for an agreed upon duration. Typically this is used for interactive debugging at scale or real time processing linked to some experiment or event. It is not intended to be used to guarantee fast

    14. Applied Computer Science

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      7 Applied Computer Science Innovative co-design of applications, algorithms, and architectures in order to enable scientific simulations at extreme scale Leadership Group Leader Linn Collins Email Deputy Group Leader (Acting) Bryan Lally Email Climate modeling visualization Results from a climate simulation computed using the Model for Prediction Across Scales (MPAS) code. This visualization shows the temperature of ocean currents using a green and blue color scale. These colors were

    15. Hewlett and Anderson - New World | Department of Energy

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Anderson - New World Hewlett and Anderson - New World Richard G. Hewlett and Oscar E. Anderson, Jr. The New World, 1939-1946. Volume I: A History of the Atomic Energy Commission. 1962. Text in each PDF is fully searchable. PDF icon HewlettandAndersonNewWorldNoBookmarks.pdf PDF icon HewlettandAndersonNewWorldPicturesOnly.pdf More Documents & Publications The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb The Manhattan Project: Making of the Atomic Bomb Gosling, The Manhattan Project: Making the

    16. World's Most Sensitive Dark Matter Detector Gets an Upgrade

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      World's First 3-D Printed Car World's First 3-D Printed Car Addthis Description The video is about a partnership between Local Motors and Oak Ridge National Laboratory to print the world's first 3-D printed car-the Strati-at the 2014 International Manufacturing Technology Show Energy

      World's First Algae Surfboard Makes Waves in San Diego World's First Algae Surfboard Makes Waves in San Diego April 23, 2015 - 4:15pm Addthis On the eve of Earth Day, UCSD unveiled their new innovative and

    17. Intro to computer programming, no computer required! | Argonne...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      ... "Computational thinking requires you to think in abstractions," said Papka, who spoke to computer science and computer-aided design students at Kaneland High School in Maple Park about ...

    18. computing | National Nuclear Security Administration

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      computing NNSA Announces Procurement of Penguin Computing Clusters to Support Stockpile Stewardship at National Labs The National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA's) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory today announced the awarding of a subcontract to Penguin Computing - a leading developer of high-performance Linux cluster computing systems based in Silicon Valley - to bolster computing for stockpile

    19. Can Cloud Computing Address the Scientific Computing Requirements for DOE

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Researchers? Well, Yes, No and Maybe Can Cloud Computing Address the Scientific Computing Requirements for DOE Researchers? Well, Yes, No and Maybe Can Cloud Computing Address the Scientific Computing Requirements for DOE Researchers? Well, Yes, No and Maybe January 30, 2012 Jon Bashor, Jbashor@lbl.gov, +1 510-486-5849 Magellan1.jpg Magellan at NERSC After a two-year study of the feasibility of cloud computing systems for meeting the ever-increasing computational needs of scientists,

    20. Profile of World Uranium Enrichment Programs-2009

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Laughter, Mark D

      2009-04-01

      It is generally agreed that the most difficult step in building a nuclear weapon is acquiring fissile material, either plutonium or highly enriched uranium (HEU). Plutonium is produced in a nuclear reactor, whereas HEU is produced using a uranium enrichment process. Enrichment is also an important step in the civil nuclear fuel cycle, in producing low enriched uranium (LEU) for use as fuel for nuclear reactors to generate electricity. However, the same equipment used to produce LEU for nuclear reactor fuel can also be used to produce HEU for weapons. Safeguards at an enrichment plant are the array of assurances and verification techniques that ensure uranium is not diverted or enriched to HEU. There are several techniques for enriching uranium. The two most prevalent are gaseous diffusion, which uses older technology and requires a lot of energy, and gas centrifuge separation, which uses more advanced technology and is more energy efficient. Gaseous diffusion plants (GDPs) provide about 40% of current world enrichment capacity but are being phased out as newer gas centrifuge enrichment plants (GCEPs) are constructed. Estimates of current and future enrichment capacity are always approximate, due to the constant upgrades, expansions, and shutdowns occurring at enrichment plants, largely determined by economic interests. Currently, the world enrichment capacity is approximately 56 million kilogram separative work units (SWU) per year, with 22.5 million in gaseous diffusion and more than 33 million in gas centrifuge plants. Another 34 million SWU/year of capacity is under construction or planned for the near future, almost entirely using gas centrifuge separation. Other less-efficient techniques have also been used in the past, including electromagnetic and aerodynamic separations, but these are considered obsolete, at least from a commercial perspective. Laser isotope separation shows promise as a possible enrichment technique of the future but has yet to be demonstrated commercially. In the early 1980s, six countries developing gas centrifuge technology (United States, United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Japan, and Australia) along with the International Atomic Energy Agency and the European Atomic Energy Community began developing effective safeguards techniques for GCEPs. This effort was known as the Hexapartite Safeguards Project (HSP). The HSP had the goal of maximizing safeguards effectiveness while minimizing the cost to the operator and inspectorate, and adopted several recommendations, such as the acceptance of limited-frequency unannounced access inspections in cascade halls, and the use of nondestructive assay measurements and tamper-indicating seals. While only the HSP participants initially committed to implementing all the measures of the approach, it has been used as a model for the safeguards applied to GCEPs in additional states. Uranium enrichment capacity has continued to expand on all fronts in the last few years. GCEP capacity is expanding in anticipation of the eventual shutdown of the less-efficient GDPs, the termination of the U.S.-Russia HEU blend-down program slated for 2013, and the possible resurgence of nuclear reactor construction as part of an expected 'Nuclear Renaissance'. Overall, a clear trend in the world profile of uranium enrichment plant operation is the continued movement towards multinational projects driven by commercial and economic interests. Along this vein, the safeguards community is continuing to develop new safeguards techniques and technologies that are not overly burdensome to enrichment plant operators while delivering more effective and efficient results. This report provides a snapshot overview of world enrichment capacity in 2009, including profiles of the uranium enrichment programs of individual states. It is a revision of a 2007 report on the same topic; significant changes in world enrichment programs between the previous and current reports are emphasized. It is based entirely on open-source information, which is dependent on published sources and may therefore not be completely accurate or reflect the most recent developments. Consequently, readers should not assume that information cited here has the endorsement of either ORNL or the U.S. Department of Energy. We are merely reporting what's been reported. In addition, this report briefly describes some of the safeguards techniques being used at various enrichment plants, including implementation of HSP recommendations.

    1. in High Performance Computing Computer System, Cluster, and Networking...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      iSSH v. Auditd: Intrusion Detection in High Performance Computing Computer System, Cluster, and Networking Summer Institute David Karns, New Mexico State University Katy Protin,...

    2. Profile of World Uranium Enrichment Programs - 2007

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Laughter, Mark D

      2007-11-01

      It is generally agreed that the most difficult step in building a nuclear weapon is acquiring weapons grade fissile material, either plutonium or highly enriched uranium (HEU). Plutonium is produced in a nuclear reactor, while HEU is produced using a uranium enrichment process. Enrichment is also an important step in the civil nuclear fuel cycle, in producing low enriched uranium (LEU) for use in fuel for nuclear reactors. However, the same equipment used to produce LEU for nuclear fuel can also be used to produce HEU for weapons. Safeguards at an enrichment plant are the array of assurances and verification techniques that ensure uranium is only enriched to LEU, no undeclared LEU is produced, and no uranium is enriched to HEU or secretly diverted. There are several techniques for enriching uranium. The two most prevalent are gaseous diffusion, which uses older technology and requires a lot of energy, and gas centrifuge separation, which uses more advanced technology and is more energy efficient. Gaseous diffusion plants (GDPs) provide about 40% of current world enrichment capacity, but are being phased out as newer gas centrifuge enrichment plants (GCEPs) are constructed. Estimates of current and future enrichment capacity are always approximate, due to the constant upgrades, expansions, and shutdowns occurring at enrichment plants, largely determined by economic interests. Currently, the world enrichment capacity is approximately 53 million kg-separative work units (SWU) per year, with 22 million in gaseous diffusion and 31 million in gas centrifuge plants. Another 23 million SWU/year of capacity are under construction or planned for the near future, almost entirely using gas centrifuge separation. Other less-efficient techniques have also been used in the past, including electromagnetic and aerodynamic separations, but these are considered obsolete, at least from a commercial perspective. Laser isotope separation shows promise as a possible enrichment technique of the future, but has yet to be demonstrated commercially. In the early 1980s, six countries developing gas centrifuge technology (United States, United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Japan, and Australia) along with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) began developing effective safeguards techniques for GCEPs. This effort was known as the Hexapartite Safeguards Project (HSP). The HSP had the goal of maximizing safeguards effectiveness while minimizing the cost to the operator and inspectorate, and adopted several recommendations, such as the acceptance of limited-frequency unannounced access (LFUA) inspections in cascade halls, and the use of nondestructive assay (NDA) measurements and tamper-indicating seals. While only the HSP participants initially committed to implementing all the measures of the approach, it has been used as a model for the safeguards applied to GCEPs in additional states. This report provides a snapshot overview of world enrichment capacity in 2007, including profiles of the uranium enrichment programs of individual states. It is based on open-source information, which is dependent on unclassified sources and may therefore not reflect the most recent developments. In addition, it briefly describes some of the safeguards techniques being used at various enrichment plants, including implementation of HSP recommendations.

    3. World nuclear fuel cycle requirements 1990

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Not Available

      1990-10-26

      This analysis report presents the projected requirements for uranium concentrate and uranium enrichment services to fuel the nuclear power plants expected to be operating under three nuclear supply scenarios. Two of these scenarios, the Lower Reference and Upper Reference cases, apply to the United States, Canada, Europe, the Far East, and other countries with free market economies (FME countries). A No New Orders scenario is presented only for the United States. These nuclear supply scenarios are described in Commercial Nuclear Power 1990: Prospects for the United States and the World (DOE/EIA-0438(90)). This report contains an analysis of the sensitivities of the nuclear fuel cycle projections to different levels and types of projected nuclear capacity, different enrichment tails assays, higher and lower capacity factors, changes in nuclear fuel burnup levels, and other exogenous assumptions. The projections for the United States generally extend through the year 2020, and the FME projections, which include the United States, are provided through 2010. The report also presents annual projections of spent nuclear fuel discharges and inventories of spent fuel. Appendix D includes domestic spent fuel projections through the year 2030 for the Lower and Upper Reference cases and through 2040, the last year in which spent fuel is discharged, for the No New Orders case. These disaggregated projections are provided at the request of the Department of Energy's Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management.

    4. Total outlines world exploration, production challenges, approaches

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Not Available

      1992-07-27

      This paper describes the current international picture of exploration/production; expresses the most prominent challenges the author sees emerging from changing conditions, and discusses briefly how the industry can and does answer these challenges. Geologic status---first, oil and gas provinces are obviously maturing. The peak of discoveries in the U.K. North Sea is well past, and if yearly additions still appear more or less stable, this happens at the expense of a larger number of exploratory wells being drilled. This is going on with variations in a number of areas. Second, the world is shrinking in terms of new prospective basins. For instance, the Norwegian Barents Sea looked so promising a few years ago but has yet to yield a major field. The case is not unique, and everyone can make his own list of disappointments: East African rift basins, Paraguay, and so on. One article pointed out that the last decade's reserve addition from wildcat oil discoveries was down by almost 40% from additions registered during 1972-81. This excluded the USSR, Eastern Europe, China, Mexico, and a couple of Middle East countries.

    5. World enrichment services market 1990-2005

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      1990-08-01

      Growth in world enrichment capacity, already in oversupply, will lead to a very competitive enrichment services market by the second half of the 1990s. Three of the four primary enrichment suppliers (USDOE, Eurodif, and Urenco) already have the capacity to produce 33 million SWU per year. Explorts from the Soviet Union and the People`s Republic of China (PRC) currently make available an additional six million SWU per year, and that figure could rise substantially. With additional supply capability expected from China, the Soviet Union, Louisiana Energy Services (LES) and Isotope Technologies (ITI), and the increased capacity of Urenco, and possibly even AVLIS from DOE, enrichment supply capability could exceed 46 million SWU per year by the year 2000. Yet annual enrichment requirements are only estimated to grow from 23.5 million SWU in 1990, to 28.9 million SWU by 2000. Total unfilled enrichment requirements will rise significantly in the second half of the 1990s, particularly from US utilities, creating sales opportunities for which suppliers will compete aggressively. These factors foretell a very competitive market in which sellers will offer low prices and flexible contracts. The anticipation of such strong competition also raises the question of which enrichment technology will succeed, and puts tremendous pressure on all suppliers to find cost-effective means of production as quickly as possible.

    6. World-Wide Experience with SRF Facilities

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Andrew Hutton, Adam Carpenter

      2011-03-01

      The speaker will review and analyze the performance of existing SRF facilities in the world, addressing issues of usage and availability for different customers (HEP research, material sciences, ADS). Lessons learned should be summarized for proposed future facilities (ILC, Project X, Muon Collider). The first use of superconducting cavities for accelerating beams was at HEPL, Stanford University in the early sixties. Rather quickly, other laboratories followed suit, notably the University of Illinois at Champagne, Urbana and Cornell University. There were two main uses, which still persist today. The first is to provide accelerated particles as an injector or for fixed target experiments. The second is to maintain circulating beams, either for synchrotron light sources or for colliding beam experiments. Given the differing requirements, these two uses led to rather different implementations and, in particular, different average operating gradients. A second difference in the implementation is the speed of the particle being accelerated. Electrons are sufficiently relativistic at low beam energies (> {approx} 5 MeV) that cavities designed for relativistic beams can also function acceptably at low energy. This is not the case for protons or ion accelerators so, until recently, copper cavities were used to cover the first {approx} 100 MeV. Superconducting cavities are now also being proposed to cover this energy range as well using a series of superconducting cavities, each of which is matched to the particle velocity.

    7. World pipeline work set for rapid growth

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Not Available

      1992-08-01

      This paper reports on international pipeline construction which has entered a fast-growth period, accelerated by the new political and economic realities around the world and increasing demand for natural gas, crude oil and refined petroleum products. Many projects are under way or in planning for completion in the mid- to late 1990s in Europe, South America, Asia and the Middle East. Pipeline And Gas Journal's projection calls for construction or other work on 30,700 miles of new natural gas, crude oil and refined products pipelines in the 1992-93 period outside Canada and the U.S. These projects will cost an estimated $30 billion-plus. Natural gas pipelines will comprise most of the mileage, accounting for almost 23,000 miles at an estimated cost of $26.3 billion. Products pipelines, planned or under construction, will add another 5,800 miles at a cost of $2.8 billion. Crude oil pipelines, at a minimum, will total 1,900 new miles at a cost of slightly under $1 billion.

    8. NREL: Computational Science Home Page

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      high-performance computing, computational science, applied mathematics, scientific data management, visualization, and informatics. NREL is home to the largest high performance...

    9. computers | National Nuclear Security Administration

      National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

      Sandia donates 242 computers to northern California schools Sandia National Laboratories electronics technologist Mitch Williams prepares the disassembly of 242 computers for ...

    10. Computer simulation | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Computer simulation Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Computer simulation Author wikipedia Published wikipedia, 2013 DOI Not Provided...

    11. Super recycled water: quenching computers

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Super recycled water: quenching computers Super recycled water: quenching computers New facility and methods support conserving water and creating recycled products. Using reverse ...

    12. Computer-Based Energy Projects (4 Activities) | Department of Energy

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Computer-Based Energy Projects (4 Activities) Computer-Based Energy Projects (4 Activities) Below is information about the student activity/lesson plan from your search. Grades 5-8, 9-12 Subject Energy Basics Summary These four activities give students the opportunity to use the Internet as a research and learning tool. The projects are: Where are the best renewable and non-renewable energy resources in the U.S. and the world? How much energy do we consume while driving? How much energy do we

    13. Department of Energy Mathematical, Information, and Computational Sciences Division: High Performance Computing and Communications Program

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      1996-11-01

      This document is intended to serve two purposes. Its first purpose is that of a program status report of the considerable progress that the Department of Energy (DOE) has made since 1993, the time of the last such report (DOE/ER-0536, The DOE Program in HPCC), toward achieving the goals of the High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) Program. The second purpose is that of a summary report of the many research programs administered by the Mathematical, Information, and Computational Sciences (MICS) Division of the Office of Energy Research under the auspices of the HPCC Program and to provide, wherever relevant, easy access to pertinent information about MICS-Division activities via universal resource locators (URLs) on the World Wide Web (WWW).

    14. Department of Energy: MICS (Mathematical Information, and Computational Sciences Division). High performance computing and communications program

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      1996-06-01

      This document is intended to serve two purposes. Its first purpose is that of a program status report of the considerable progress that the Department of Energy (DOE) has made since 1993, the time of the last such report (DOE/ER-0536, {open_quotes}The DOE Program in HPCC{close_quotes}), toward achieving the goals of the High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) Program. The second purpose is that of a summary report of the many research programs administered by the Mathematical, Information, and Computational Sciences (MICS) Division of the Office of Energy Research under the auspices of the HPCC Program and to provide, wherever relevant, easy access to pertinent information about MICS-Division activities via universal resource locators (URLs) on the World Wide Web (WWW). The information pointed to by the URL is updated frequently, and the interested reader is urged to access the WWW for the latest information.

    15. Synchronizing compute node time bases in a parallel computer

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Chen, Dong; Faraj, Daniel A; Gooding, Thomas M; Heidelberger, Philip

      2015-01-27

      Synchronizing time bases in a parallel computer that includes compute nodes organized for data communications in a tree network, where one compute node is designated as a root, and, for each compute node: calculating data transmission latency from the root to the compute node; configuring a thread as a pulse waiter; initializing a wakeup unit; and performing a local barrier operation; upon each node completing the local barrier operation, entering, by all compute nodes, a global barrier operation; upon all nodes entering the global barrier operation, sending, to all the compute nodes, a pulse signal; and for each compute node upon receiving the pulse signal: waking, by the wakeup unit, the pulse waiter; setting a time base for the compute node equal to the data transmission latency between the root node and the compute node; and exiting the global barrier operation.

    16. Synchronizing compute node time bases in a parallel computer

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Chen, Dong; Faraj, Daniel A; Gooding, Thomas M; Heidelberger, Philip

      2014-12-30

      Synchronizing time bases in a parallel computer that includes compute nodes organized for data communications in a tree network, where one compute node is designated as a root, and, for each compute node: calculating data transmission latency from the root to the compute node; configuring a thread as a pulse waiter; initializing a wakeup unit; and performing a local barrier operation; upon each node completing the local barrier operation, entering, by all compute nodes, a global barrier operation; upon all nodes entering the global barrier operation, sending, to all the compute nodes, a pulse signal; and for each compute node upon receiving the pulse signal: waking, by the wakeup unit, the pulse waiter; setting a time base for the compute node equal to the data transmission latency between the root node and the compute node; and exiting the global barrier operation.

    17. Jefferson Lab Fall Lecture: Exploring Our World With Particle Accelerators

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      | Jefferson Lab Fall Lecture: Exploring Our World With Particle Accelerators Jefferson Lab Fall Lecture: Exploring Our World With Particle Accelerators NEWPORT NEWS, Va., Nov. 9, 2010 - Jefferson Lab's 2010 Fall Science Lecture Series concludes on Tuesday, Nov. 23, with James E. Brau, University of Oregon, presenting "The Mysterious Universe: Exploring Our World with Particle Accelerators." The universe is dark and mysterious, more so than even Einstein imagined, Brau says. While

    18. Looking for Darwin's footprints in the microbial world (Journal Article) |

      Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

      SciTech Connect Looking for Darwin's footprints in the microbial world Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Looking for Darwin's footprints in the microbial world As we observe the 200th anniversary of Charles Darwin's birthday, microbiologists interested in the application of Darwin's ideas to the microscopic world have a lot to celebrate: an emerging picture of the (mostly microbial) Tree of Life at ever-increasing resolution, an understanding of horizontal gene transfer as a driving

    19. What the World's GREATEST Energy Managers Do Differently | Department of

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Energy What the World's GREATEST Energy Managers Do Differently What the World's GREATEST Energy Managers Do Differently This presentation describes some tips and practices to help energy managers understand the goal, build a coalition, and sustain momentum. PDF icon What the World's GREATEST Energy Managers Do Differently (July 10, 2012) More Documents & Publications Energy Management and Financing Unveiling the Implementation Guide Communicating Success, Measuring Improvements, Sharing

    20. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: World Wildlife Fund | Department of

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Energy Wildlife Fund Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: World Wildlife Fund Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: World Wildlife Fund Joined the Challenge: April 2014 Headquarters: Washington, DC Charging Location: Washington, DC Domestic Employees: 470 World Wildlife Fun (WWF) works in 100 countries and is supported by 1.2 million members in the United States and close to 5 million globally in their conservation efforts. WWF's unique way of working combines global reach with a foundation

    1. Expanding the World's Largest Database of Elastic Properties

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Expanding the World's Largest Database of Elastic Properties Expanding the World's Largest Database of Elastic Properties NERSC, Materials Project Help Scientists Increase Available Data Almost Ten-Fold April 7, 2015 Contact: Julie Chao, jchao@lbl.gov, 510.486.6491 Scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have published the world's largest set of data on the complete elastic properties of inorganic compounds, increasing by an order of

    2. Department of Energy Announces Completion of World's Largest Laser |

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Department of Energy Completion of World's Largest Laser Department of Energy Announces Completion of World's Largest Laser March 31, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy today announced that the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has certified the completion of the historic effort to build the world's largest laser. Housed at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the National Ignition Facility (NIF) is expected to allow

    3. Secretary Chu Joins with World Leaders to Sign International Partnership

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      for Energy Efficiency Cooperation | Department of Energy Joins with World Leaders to Sign International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation Secretary Chu Joins with World Leaders to Sign International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation May 24, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis The Department of Energy announced today that U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu joined with top energy leaders from around the world to launch the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation

    4. Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world LANL statistical tools have helped create Reliability Technology (RT), which increases the overall fraction of productive manufacturing time, or "uptime," for its internal manufacturing lines. April 3, 2012 Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world Reliability Technology (RT) is a comprehensive reliability engineering

    5. World's Fastest Supercomputer Combination Unveiled For National Security at

      National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

      Lawrence Livermore Laborator | National Nuclear Security Administration World's Fastest Supercomputer Combination Unveiled For National Security at Lawrence Livermore Laborator October 27, 2005 World's Fastest Supercomputer Combination Unveiled For National Security at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory Pair to be used to ensure U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile is safe and reliable without testing~October 27, 2005 World's Fastest Supercomputer Combination Unveiled For National Security at Lawrence

    6. EERE Success Story-Solar Junction Develops World Record Setting

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Concentrated Photovoltaic Solar Cell | Department of Energy Solar Junction Develops World Record Setting Concentrated Photovoltaic Solar Cell EERE Success Story-Solar Junction Develops World Record Setting Concentrated Photovoltaic Solar Cell April 18, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis Partnering with Solar Junction of San Jose, EERE supported the development of the company's concentrated photovoltaic technology that also set a world record for conversion efficiency. The company's cell technology

    7. UK Energy Minister to Address World Renewable Energy Congress - News

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Releases | NREL UK Energy Minister to Address World Renewable Energy Congress Conference, Expo to Bring International 'Clean Energy' experts to Denver April 7, 2004 Golden, Colo. - Stephen Timms, energy minister for the United Kingdom will speak to delegates from as many as 100 nations at the opening ceremony of the eighth World Renewable Energy Congress (WREC VIII) in Denver on Aug. 30. Expected to be the world's largest gathering of renewable energy experts, WREC VIII will provide a forum

    8. INCITE grants awarded to 56 computational research projects | Argonne

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      National Laboratory INCITE grants awarded to 56 computational research projects November 13, 2015 Tweet EmailPrint This press release was co-published with Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Science announced 56 projects aimed at accelerating discovery and innovation to address some of the world's most challenging scientific questions. The projects will share 5.8 billion core hours on America's two most powerful supercomputers dedicated to open

    9. Computer Security Risk Assessment

      Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

      1992-02-11

      LAVA/CS (LAVA for Computer Security) is an application of the Los Alamos Vulnerability Assessment (LAVA) methodology specific to computer and information security. The software serves as a generic tool for identifying vulnerabilities in computer and information security safeguards systems. Although it does not perform a full risk assessment, the results from its analysis may provide valuable insights into security problems. LAVA/CS assumes that the system is exposed to both natural and environmental hazards and tomore » deliberate malevolent actions by either insiders or outsiders. The user in the process of answering the LAVA/CS questionnaire identifies missing safeguards in 34 areas ranging from password management to personnel security and internal audit practices. Specific safeguards protecting a generic set of assets (or targets) from a generic set of threats (or adversaries) are considered. There are four generic assets: the facility, the organization''s environment; the hardware, all computer-related hardware; the software, the information in machine-readable form stored both on-line or on transportable media; and the documents and displays, the information in human-readable form stored as hard-copy materials (manuals, reports, listings in full-size or microform), film, and screen displays. Two generic threats are considered: natural and environmental hazards, storms, fires, power abnormalities, water and accidental maintenance damage; and on-site human threats, both intentional and accidental acts attributable to a perpetrator on the facility''s premises.« less

    10. MHD computations for stellarators

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Johnson, J.L.

      1985-12-01

      Considerable progress has been made in the development of computational techniques for studying the magnetohydrodynamic equilibrium and stability properties of three-dimensional configurations. Several different approaches have evolved to the point where comparison of results determined with different techniques shows good agreement. 55 refs., 7 figs.

    11. World Institute of Sustainable Energy | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Sustainable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: World Institute of Sustainable Energy Place: Pune, Maharashtra, India Zip: 411 006. Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Works as...

    12. Secretary Chu's Remarks at the World Renewable Energy Forum Press...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      energy coupled with digital communication, management and manufacturing. A century ago, Albert Einstein showed the world that the mass of a particle has an intrinsic energy given...

    13. Jefferson Lab Fall Lecture: Exploring Our World With Particle...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Nov. 23, with James E. Brau, University of Oregon, presenting "The Mysterious Universe: Exploring Our World with Particle Accelerators." The universe is dark and...

    14. Transmission and Distribution World March 2007: DOE Focuses on...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Transmission and Distribution World March 2007: DOE Focuses on Cyber Security Energy sector owners, operators and system vendors team up to boost control system security with ...

    15. World Bank Climate Innovation Centers | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      America and the Caribbean) for this property. References Climate Innovation Center Business Plans1 InfoDev2 World Bank Climate Innovation Centers Screenshot "The CIC works...

    16. Key World Energy Statistics-2010 | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      World Energy Statistics-2010 AgencyCompany Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Maps Website: www.iea.org...

    17. BP Statistical Review of World Energy | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      OpenEI The BP Statistical Review of World Energy is an Excel spreadsheet which contains consumption and production data for Coal, Natural Gas, Nuclear, Oil, and Hydroelectric...

    18. Solar Junction Develops World Record Setting Concentrated Photovoltaic...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      the company's concentrated photovoltaic technology that also set a world record for conversion efficiency. The company's cell technology relies on inexpensive lenses to magnify...

    19. World Wind and Water Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      and Water Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: World Wind and Water Energy LLC Place: Delaware Sector: Wind energy Product: Delaware-based company focused on developing...

    20. World Wind Energy Association WWEA | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Zip: 53113 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: WWEA plays an active role in the World Council for Renewable Energies and cooperates with further international renewable energy...

    1. World Council for Renewable Energy | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      for Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: World Council for Renewable Energy Place: Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Zip: 53113 Sector: Renewable Energy Product:...

    2. TechConnect World Innovation Conference and Expo 2015

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      The TechConnect World Innovation Conference is an annual event uniquely designed to accelerate the commercialization of innovations out of the lab and into industry.

    3. Renewable Energy World Conference and Expo North America

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo North America will be co-located with Power Generation Week, providing networking opportunities with 20,000+ professionals and key decision makers.

    4. Sequoia Ranked as Fastest Supercomputer in the World | Department...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      it the world's fastest supercomputer. | Photo courtesy of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of ...

    5. World Renewable Energy Network WREN | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Renewable Energy Network WREN Jump to: navigation, search Name: World Renewable Energy Network (WREN) Place: Brighton, United Kingdom Zip: BN2 1YH Sector: Renewable Energy Product:...

    6. World's largest single crystal of gold verified by Los Alamos...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Los Alamos verifies largest single gold crystal World's largest single crystal of gold verified by Los Alamos instruments Using Lujan Center's HIPPO instrument, researchers probed...

    7. Sandia National Laboratories: Careers: Computer Science

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Advanced software research & development Collaborative technologies Computational science and mathematics High-performance computing Visualization and scientific computing Advanced ...

    8. Institutional Computing Executive Group Review of Multi-programmatic & Institutional Computing, Fiscal Year 2005 and 2006

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Langer, S; Rotman, D; Schwegler, E; Folta, P; Gee, R; White, D

      2006-12-18

      The Institutional Computing Executive Group (ICEG) review of FY05-06 Multiprogrammatic and Institutional Computing (M and IC) activities is presented in the attached report. In summary, we find that the M and IC staff does an outstanding job of acquiring and supporting a wide range of institutional computing resources to meet the programmatic and scientific goals of LLNL. The responsiveness and high quality of support given to users and the programs investing in M and IC reflects the dedication and skill of the M and IC staff. M and IC has successfully managed serial capacity, parallel capacity, and capability computing resources. Serial capacity computing supports a wide range of scientific projects which require access to a few high performance processors within a shared memory computer. Parallel capacity computing supports scientific projects that require a moderate number of processors (up to roughly 1000) on a parallel computer. Capability computing supports parallel jobs that push the limits of simulation science. M and IC has worked closely with Stockpile Stewardship, and together they have made LLNL a premier institution for computational and simulation science. Such a standing is vital to the continued success of laboratory science programs and to the recruitment and retention of top scientists. This report provides recommendations to build on M and IC's accomplishments and improve simulation capabilities at LLNL. We recommend that institution fully fund (1) operation of the atlas cluster purchased in FY06 to support a few large projects; (2) operation of the thunder and zeus clusters to enable 'mid-range' parallel capacity simulations during normal operation and a limited number of large simulations during dedicated application time; (3) operation of the new yana cluster to support a wide range of serial capacity simulations; (4) improvements to the reliability and performance of the Lustre parallel file system; (5) support for the new GDO petabyte-class storage facility on the green network for use in data intensive external collaborations; and (6) continued support for visualization and other methods for analyzing large simulations. We also recommend that M and IC begin planning in FY07 for the next upgrade of its parallel clusters. LLNL investments in M and IC have resulted in a world-class simulation capability leading to innovative science. We thank the LLNL management for its continued support and thank the M and IC staff for its vision and dedicated efforts to make it all happen.

    9. Extreme Scale Computing, Co-design

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Information Science, Computing, Applied Math Extreme Scale Computing, Co-design Extreme Scale Computing, Co-design Computational co-design may facilitate revolutionary designs ...

    10. SCC: The Strategic Computing Complex

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      SCC: The Strategic Computing Complex SCC: The Strategic Computing Complex The Strategic Computing Complex (SCC) is a secured supercomputing facility that supports the calculation, modeling, simulation, and visualization of complex nuclear weapons data in support of the Stockpile Stewardship Program. The 300,000-square-foot, vault-type building features an unobstructed 43,500-square-foot computer room, which is an open room about three-fourths the size of a football field. The Strategic Computing

    11. Argonne's Laboratory Computing Resource Center : 2005 annual report.

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Bair, R. B.; Coghlan, S. C; Kaushik, D. K.; Riley, K. R.; Valdes, J. V.; Pieper, G. P.

      2007-06-30

      Argonne National Laboratory founded the Laboratory Computing Resource Center in the spring of 2002 to help meet pressing program needs for computational modeling, simulation, and analysis. The guiding mission is to provide critical computing resources that accelerate the development of high-performance computing expertise, applications, and computations to meet the Laboratory's challenging science and engineering missions. The first goal of the LCRC was to deploy a mid-range supercomputing facility to support the unmet computational needs of the Laboratory. To this end, in September 2002, the Laboratory purchased a 350-node computing cluster from Linux NetworX. This cluster, named 'Jazz', achieved over a teraflop of computing power (10{sup 12} floating-point calculations per second) on standard tests, making it the Laboratory's first terascale computing system and one of the fifty fastest computers in the world at the time. Jazz was made available to early users in November 2002 while the system was undergoing development and configuration. In April 2003, Jazz was officially made available for production operation. Since then, the Jazz user community has grown steadily. By the end of fiscal year 2005, there were 62 active projects on Jazz involving over 320 scientists and engineers. These projects represent a wide cross-section of Laboratory expertise, including work in biosciences, chemistry, climate, computer science, engineering applications, environmental science, geoscience, information science, materials science, mathematics, nanoscience, nuclear engineering, and physics. Most important, many projects have achieved results that would have been unobtainable without such a computing resource. The LCRC continues to improve the computational science and engineering capability and quality at the Laboratory. Specific goals include expansion of the use of Jazz to new disciplines and Laboratory initiatives, teaming with Laboratory infrastructure providers to develop comprehensive scientific data management capabilities, expanding Argonne staff use of national computing facilities, and improving the scientific reach and performance of Argonne's computational applications. Furthermore, recognizing that Jazz is fully subscribed, with considerable unmet demand, the LCRC has begun developing a 'path forward' plan for additional computing resources.

    12. Exploratory Experimentation and Computation

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Bailey, David H.; Borwein, Jonathan M.

      2010-02-25

      We believe the mathematical research community is facing a great challenge to re-evaluate the role of proof in light of recent developments. On one hand, the growing power of current computer systems, of modern mathematical computing packages, and of the growing capacity to data-mine on the Internet, has provided marvelous resources to the research mathematician. On the other hand, the enormous complexity of many modern capstone results such as the Poincare conjecture, Fermat's last theorem, and the classification of finite simple groups has raised questions as to how we can better ensure the integrity of modern mathematics. Yet as the need and prospects for inductive mathematics blossom, the requirement to ensure the role of proof is properly founded remains undiminished.

    13. Computer Algebra System

      Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

      1992-05-04

      DOE-MACSYMA (Project MAC''s SYmbolic MAnipulation system) is a large computer programming system written in LISP. With DOE-MACSYMA the user can differentiate, integrate, take limits, solve systems of linear or polynomial equations, factor polynomials, expand functions in Laurent or Taylor series, solve differential equations (using direct or transform methods), compute Poisson series, plot curves, and manipulate matrices and tensors. A language similar to ALGOL-60 permits users to write their own programs for transforming symbolic expressions. Franzmore » Lisp OPUS 38 provides the environment for the Encore, Celerity, and DEC VAX11 UNIX,SUN(OPUS) versions under UNIX and the Alliant version under Concentrix. Kyoto Common Lisp (KCL) provides the environment for the SUN(KCL),Convex, and IBM PC under UNIX and Data General under AOS/VS.« less

    14. computational fluid dynamics

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      computational fluid dynamics - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste Management Programs

    15. GPU Computational Screening

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      GPU Computational Screening of Carbon Capture Materials J. Kim 1 , A Koniges 1 , R. Martin 1 , M. Haranczyk 1 , J. Swisher 2 , and B. Smit 1,2 1 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 2 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 E-mail: jihankim@lbl.gov Abstract. In order to reduce the current costs associated with carbon capture technologies, novel materials such as zeolites and metal-organic frameworks that are based on

    16. Cloud Computing Services

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computing Services - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced

    17. U.S., Canada continue dominance of world`s gas processing

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      True, W.R.

      1997-06-02

      Gas plants in the US and Canada continued to lead the rest of the world in processing capacity, throughput, and NGL production in 1996. The consolidation of gas-processing assets that has been rolling through US companies in recent years continued to limit growth in new capacity. Canadian liquids producers, on the other hand, will likely benefit from increased gas production and export sales to the US when a clutch of pipeline expansions in the next 18--30 months eases the capacity constraints on gas movements southward. And, markets and suppliers around the world continue to become more closely dependent on each other, stimulating new capacity and production. US capacity stood at slightly more than 678 bcfd as of January 1, 1997; throughput for 1996 averaged 48.8 bcfd; and NGL production exceeded 76,000 gpd. Canadian gas-processing capacity last year approached 40 bcfd. Gas-processing throughput there averaged more than 30.8 bcfd; NGL production fell to slightly more than 42,000 gpd. Oil and Gas Journal`s most recent exclusive, plant-by-plant, worldwide gas-processing survey and its international survey of petroleum-derived sulfur recovery reflect these trends. This report supplements operator-supplied capacity and production data for Alberta with figures from the (1) Alberta Energy and Utilities Board (AEUB), formerly the Energy Resources Conservation Board (ERBC), (2) British Columbia Ministry of Employment and Investment`s Engineering and Operations Branch, and (3) Saskatchewan Ministry of Energy and Mines.

    18. Energy Advising Services in the Post-ARRA World

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      Better Buildings Residential Network Workforce / Business Partners Peer Exchange Call: Energy Advising Services in the Post-ARRA World, Call Slides and Summary, June 27, 2013. This peer exchange call discussed energy advising services in the post­-ARRA world.

    19. Microsoft Word - Wireless Automation World for OE FINAL.doc

      Energy Savers [EERE]

      Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security, Interviews Authors April 16, 2009 The April 2009 issue of Automation World magazine features the white paper Wireless Systems Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical Infrastructure Protection Standards. The paper addresses wireless protection issues arising from requirements of the Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) Standards for the electricity sector, developed by the North American Electric Reliability Corporation

    20. Development of computer graphics

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Nuttall, H.E.

      1989-07-01

      The purpose of this project was to screen and evaluate three graphics packages as to their suitability for displaying concentration contour graphs. The information to be displayed is from computer code simulations describing air-born contaminant transport. The three evaluation programs were MONGO (John Tonry, MIT, Cambridge, MA, 02139), Mathematica (Wolfram Research Inc.), and NCSA Image (National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign). After a preliminary investigation of each package, NCSA Image appeared to be significantly superior for generating the desired concentration contour graphs. Hence subsequent work and this report describes the implementation and testing of NCSA Image on both an Apple MacII and Sun 4 computers. NCSA Image includes several utilities (Layout, DataScope, HDF, and PalEdit) which were used in this study and installed on Dr. Ted Yamada`s Mac II computer. Dr. Yamada provided two sets of air pollution plume data which were displayed using NCSA Image. Both sets were animated into a sequential expanding plume series.

    1. ASCR Cybersecurity for Scientific Computing Integrity

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Piesert, Sean

      2015-02-27

      The Department of Energy (DOE) has the responsibility to address the energy, environmental, and nuclear security challenges that face our nation. Much of DOE’s enterprise involves distributed, collaborative teams; a signi¬cant fraction involves “open science,” which depends on multi-institutional, often international collaborations that must access or share signi¬cant amounts of information between institutions and over networks around the world. The mission of the Office of Science is the delivery of scienti¬c discoveries and major scienti¬c tools to transform our understanding of nature and to advance the energy, economic, and national security of the United States. The ability of DOE to execute its responsibilities depends critically on its ability to assure the integrity and availability of scienti¬c facilities and computer systems, and of the scienti¬c, engineering, and operational software and data that support its mission.

    2. Computational models of intergroup competition and warfare.

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Letendre, Kenneth; Abbott, Robert G.

      2011-11-01

      This document reports on the research of Kenneth Letendre, the recipient of a Sandia Graduate Research Fellowship at the University of New Mexico. Warfare is an extreme form of intergroup competition in which individuals make extreme sacrifices for the benefit of their nation or other group to which they belong. Among animals, limited, non-lethal competition is the norm. It is not fully understood what factors lead to warfare. We studied the global variation in the frequency of civil conflict among countries of the world, and its positive association with variation in the intensity of infectious disease. We demonstrated that the burden of human infectious disease importantly predicts the frequency of civil conflict and tested a causal model for this association based on the parasite-stress theory of sociality. We also investigated the organization of social foraging by colonies of harvester ants in the genus Pogonomyrmex, using both field studies and computer models.

    3. EIA model documentation: World oil refining logistics demand model,``WORLD`` reference manual. Version 1.1

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Not Available

      1994-04-11

      This manual is intended primarily for use as a reference by analysts applying the WORLD model to regional studies. It also provides overview information on WORLD features of potential interest to managers and analysts. Broadly, the manual covers WORLD model features in progressively increasing detail. Section 2 provides an overview of the WORLD model, how it has evolved, what its design goals are, what it produces, and where it can be taken with further enhancements. Section 3 reviews model management covering data sources, managing over-optimization, calibration and seasonality, check-points for case construction and common errors. Section 4 describes in detail the WORLD system, including: data and program systems in overview; details of mainframe and PC program control and files;model generation, size management, debugging and error analysis; use with different optimizers; and reporting and results analysis. Section 5 provides a detailed description of every WORLD model data table, covering model controls, case and technology data. Section 6 goes into the details of WORLD matrix structure. It provides an overview, describes how regional definitions are controlled and defines the naming conventions for-all model rows, columns, right-hand sides, and bounds. It also includes a discussion of the formulation of product blending and specifications in WORLD. Several Appendices supplement the main sections.

    4. Computational Electronics and Electromagnetics

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      DeFord, J.F.

      1993-03-01

      The Computational Electronics and Electromagnetics thrust area is a focal point for computer modeling activities in electronics and electromagnetics in the Electronics Engineering Department of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Traditionally, they have focused their efforts in technical areas of importance to existing and developing LLNL programs, and this continues to form the basis for much of their research. A relatively new and increasingly important emphasis for the thrust area is the formation of partnerships with industry and the application of their simulation technology and expertise to the solution of problems faced by industry. The activities of the thrust area fall into three broad categories: (1) the development of theoretical and computational models of electronic and electromagnetic phenomena, (2) the development of useful and robust software tools based on these models, and (3) the application of these tools to programmatic and industrial problems. In FY-92, they worked on projects in all of the areas outlined above. The object of their work on numerical electromagnetic algorithms continues to be the improvement of time-domain algorithms for electromagnetic simulation on unstructured conforming grids. The thrust area is also investigating various technologies for conforming-grid mesh generation to simplify the application of their advanced field solvers to design problems involving complicated geometries. They are developing a major code suite based on the three-dimensional (3-D), conforming-grid, time-domain code DSI3D. They continue to maintain and distribute the 3-D, finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) code TSAR, which is installed at several dozen university, government, and industry sites.

    5. Scanning computed confocal imager

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      George, John S. (Los Alamos, NM)

      2000-03-14

      There is provided a confocal imager comprising a light source emitting a light, with a light modulator in optical communication with the light source for varying the spatial and temporal pattern of the light. A beam splitter receives the scanned light and direct the scanned light onto a target and pass light reflected from the target to a video capturing device for receiving the reflected light and transferring a digital image of the reflected light to a computer for creating a virtual aperture and outputting the digital image. In a transmissive mode of operation the invention omits the beam splitter means and captures light passed through the target.

    6. Computer generated holographic microtags

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Sweatt, W.C.

      1998-03-17

      A microlithographic tag comprising an array of individual computer generated holographic patches having feature sizes between 250 and 75 nanometers is disclosed. The tag is a composite hologram made up of the individual holographic patches and contains identifying information when read out with a laser of the proper wavelength and at the proper angles of probing and reading. The patches are fabricated in a steep angle Littrow readout geometry to maximize returns in the -1 diffracted order. The tags are useful as anti-counterfeiting markers because of the extreme difficulty in reproducing them. 5 figs.

    7. computational-hydraulics

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      and Aerodynamics using STAR-CCM+ for CFD Analysis March 21-22, 2012 Argonne, Illinois Dr. Steven Lottes This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. A training course in the use of computational hydraulics and aerodynamics CFD software using CD-adapco's STAR-CCM+ for analysis will be held at TRACC from March 21-22, 2012. The course assumes a basic knowledge of fluid mechanics and will make extensive use of hands on tutorials. CD-adapco will issue

    8. Computer generated holographic microtags

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Sweatt, William C.

      1998-01-01

      A microlithographic tag comprising an array of individual computer generated holographic patches having feature sizes between 250 and 75 nanometers. The tag is a composite hologram made up of the individual holographic patches and contains identifying information when read out with a laser of the proper wavelength and at the proper angles of probing and reading. The patches are fabricated in a steep angle Littrow readout geometry to maximize returns in the -1 diffracted order. The tags are useful as anti-counterfeiting markers because of the extreme difficulty in reproducing them.

    9. Multiprocessor computing for images

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Cantoni, V. ); Levialdi, S. )

      1988-08-01

      A review of image processing systems developed until now is given, highlighting the weak points of such systems and the trends that have dictated their evolution through the years producing different generations of machines. Each generation may be characterized by the hardware architecture, the programmability features and the relative application areas. The need for multiprocessing hierarchical systems is discussed focusing on pyramidal architectures. Their computational paradigms, their virtual and physical implementation, their programming and software requirements, and capabilities by means of suitable languages, are discussed.

    10. Announcement of Computer Software

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      F 241.4 (10-01) (Replaces ESTSC F1 and ESTSC F2) All Other Editions Are Obsolete UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ANNOUNCEMENT OF COMPUTER SOFTWARE OMB Control Number 1910-1400 (OMB Burden Disclosure Statement is on last page of Instructions) Record Status (Select One): New Package Software Revision H. Description/Abstract PART I: STI SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION A. Software Title SHORT NAME OR ACRONYM KEYWORDS IN CONTEXT (KWIC) TITLE B. Developer(s) E-MAIL ADDRESS(ES) C. Site Product Number 1. DOE

    11. Understanding Islamist political violence through computational social simulation

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Watkins, Jennifer H; Mackerrow, Edward P; Patelli, Paolo G; Eberhardt, Ariane; Stradling, Seth G

      2008-01-01

      Understanding the process that enables political violence is of great value in reducing the future demand for and support of violent opposition groups. Methods are needed that allow alternative scenarios and counterfactuals to be scientifically researched. Computational social simulation shows promise in developing 'computer experiments' that would be unfeasible or unethical in the real world. Additionally, the process of modeling and simulation reveals and challenges assumptions that may not be noted in theories, exposes areas where data is not available, and provides a rigorous, repeatable, and transparent framework for analyzing the complex dynamics of political violence. This paper demonstrates the computational modeling process using two simulation techniques: system dynamics and agent-based modeling. The benefits and drawbacks of both techniques are discussed. In developing these social simulations, we discovered that the social science concepts and theories needed to accurately simulate the associated psychological and social phenomena were lacking.

    12. Computer Wallpaper | The Ames Laboratory

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computer Wallpaper We've incorporated the tagline, Creating Materials and Energy Solutions, into a computer wallpaper so you can display it on your desktop as a constant reminder....

    13. Introduction to High Performance Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Introduction to High Performance Computing Introduction to High Performance Computing June 10, 2013 Photo on 7 30 12 at 7.10 AM Downloads Download File Gerber-HPC-2.pdf...

    14. Super recycled water: quenching computers

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Super recycled water: quenching computers Super recycled water: quenching computers New facility and methods support conserving water and creating recycled products. Using reverse osmosis to "super purify" water allows the system to reuse water and cool down our powerful yet thirsty computers. January 30, 2014 Super recycled water: quenching computers LANL's Sanitary Effluent Reclamation Facility, key to reducing the Lab's discharge of liquid. Millions of gallons of industrial

    15. World Cancer Day 2015: Not Beyond Us | GE Global Research

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      World Cancer Day 2015: Not Beyond Us Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) World Cancer Day 2015: Not Beyond Us Mark Frontera 2015.02.05 Yesterday, Feb. 4, marked World Cancer Day, a day set aside each year to raise awareness about cancer worldwide. This year's theme, "not beyond us," speaks to the

    16. Minerals Yearbook: Minerals in the world economy. 1988 International review

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Kimbell, C.L.; Zajac, W.L.

      1988-01-01

      In overview, 1988 appeared to be the best year for the world's mineral industry since 1980, although the all-important petroleum component suffered severely from low prices. With this notable exception, the traditional statistical measures of mineral industry performance, namely production, trade, and consumption, reflected growth in most elements of the world mineral industry from crude material extraction through the gamut of downstream processing. Moreover, the growth was reasonably well distributed geographically, with many countries sharing in the substantial upturn in activity. The report discusses production, trade, consumption, investment, transportation, prices, and statistical summary of world production and trade of major mineral commodities.

    17. High Performance Computing Facility Operational Assessment, FY 2010 Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Bland, Arthur S Buddy; Hack, James J; Baker, Ann E; Barker, Ashley D; Boudwin, Kathlyn J.; Kendall, Ricky A; Messer, Bronson; Rogers, James H; Shipman, Galen M; White, Julia C

      2010-08-01

      Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL's) Cray XT5 supercomputer, Jaguar, kicked off the era of petascale scientific computing in 2008 with applications that sustained more than a thousand trillion floating point calculations per second - or 1 petaflop. Jaguar continues to grow even more powerful as it helps researchers broaden the boundaries of knowledge in virtually every domain of computational science, including weather and climate, nuclear energy, geosciences, combustion, bioenergy, fusion, and materials science. Their insights promise to broaden our knowledge in areas that are vitally important to the Department of Energy (DOE) and the nation as a whole, particularly energy assurance and climate change. The science of the 21st century, however, will demand further revolutions in computing, supercomputers capable of a million trillion calculations a second - 1 exaflop - and beyond. These systems will allow investigators to continue attacking global challenges through modeling and simulation and to unravel longstanding scientific questions. Creating such systems will also require new approaches to daunting challenges. High-performance systems of the future will need to be codesigned for scientific and engineering applications with best-in-class communications networks and data-management infrastructures and teams of skilled researchers able to take full advantage of these new resources. The Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) provides the nation's most powerful open resource for capability computing, with a sustainable path that will maintain and extend national leadership for DOE's Office of Science (SC). The OLCF has engaged a world-class team to support petascale science and to take a dramatic step forward, fielding new capabilities for high-end science. This report highlights the successful delivery and operation of a petascale system and shows how the OLCF fosters application development teams, developing cutting-edge tools and resources for next-generation systems.

    18. Lessons Learned in Deploying the World s Largest Scale Lustre File System

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Dillow, David A; Fuller, Douglas; Wang, Feiyi; Oral, H Sarp; Zhang, Zhe; Hill, Jason J; Shipman, Galen M

      2010-01-01

      The Spider system at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) is the world's largest scale Lustre parallel file system. Envisioned as a shared parallel file system capable of delivering both the bandwidth and capacity requirements of the OLCF's diverse computational environment, the project had a number of ambitious goals. To support the workloads of the OLCF's diverse computational platforms, the aggregate performance and storage capacity of Spider exceed that of our previously deployed systems by a factor of 6x - 240 GB/sec, and 17x - 10 Petabytes, respectively. Furthermore, Spider supports over 26,000 clients concurrently accessing the file system, which exceeds our previously deployed systems by nearly 4x. In addition to these scalability challenges, moving to a center-wide shared file system required dramatically improved resiliency and fault-tolerance mechanisms. This paper details our efforts in designing, deploying, and operating Spider. Through a phased approach of research and development, prototyping, deployment, and transition to operations, this work has resulted in a number of insights into large-scale parallel file system architectures, from both the design and the operational perspectives. We present in this paper our solutions to issues such as network congestion, performance baselining and evaluation, file system journaling overheads, and high availability in a system with tens of thousands of components. We also discuss areas of continued challenges, such as stressed metadata performance and the need for file system quality of service alongside with our efforts to address them. Finally, operational aspects of managing a system of this scale are discussed along with real-world data and observations.

    19. Computing architecture for autonomous microgrids

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Goldsmith, Steven Y.

      2015-09-29

      A computing architecture that facilitates autonomously controlling operations of a microgrid is described herein. A microgrid network includes numerous computing devices that execute intelligent agents, each of which is assigned to a particular entity (load, source, storage device, or switch) in the microgrid. The intelligent agents can execute in accordance with predefined protocols to collectively perform computations that facilitate uninterrupted control of the microgrid.

    20. Computing architecture for autonomous microgrids

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Goldsmith, Steven Y.

      2015-09-29

      A computing architecture that facilitates autonomously controlling operations of a microgrid is described herein. A microgrid network includes numerous computing devices that execute intelligent agents, each of which is assigned to a particular entity (load, source, storage device, or switch) in the microgrid. The intelligent agents can execute in accordance with predefined protocols to collectively perform computations that facilitate uninterrupted control of the .

    1. NREL Selects Partners for New High Performance Computer Data Center - News

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Releases | NREL Selects Partners for New High Performance Computer Data Center NREL to work with HP and Intel to create one of the world's most energy efficient data centers. September 5, 2012 The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has selected HP and Intel to provide a new energy-efficient high performance computer (HPC) system dedicated to energy systems integration, renewable energy research, and energy efficiency technologies. The new center will

    2. Finding the next new tech material: the computational hunt for the weird

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      and unusual | The Ames Laboratory Finding the next new tech material: the computational hunt for the weird and unusual Scientists at U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are turning to the world of computation to guide their search for the next new material. Their program uses software code developed to map and predict the distinct structural, electronic, magnetic stable and metastable features that are often the source of an advanced material's unique capabilities. "It's the

    3. GATEWAY Demonstrations: Exploring SSL Product Performance in the Real World

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      2013-10-01

      Fact sheet that outlines DOE's GATEWAY technology demonstration program, which evaluates high-performance SSL products for general illumination in a variety of real-world exterior and interior applications.

    4. Green Energy World GmbH | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Energy World GmbH is a service provider in the field of renewable energies. As a marketing agency the company supports project developers and operators with the implementation...

    5. World Energy Congress Ministerial Forum | Department of Energy

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      The bottom line is this: the world needs a safe, reliable, clean, affordable, and diverse ... At the same time, we must recognize the realities of global climate change and develop ...

    6. NREL Supports Development of World's Largest Solar Electric Power...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Solar Electric Power Plant Project in 14 Years October 19, 2005 Golden, Colo. - ... built globally in the past 14 years and the third largest solar power plant in the world. ...

    7. Summary of nuclear fuel reprocessing activities around the world

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Mellinger, P.J.; Harmon, K.M.; Lakey, L.T.

      1984-11-01

      This review of international practices for nuclear fuel reprocessing was prepared to provide a nontechnical summary of the current status of nuclear fuel reprocessing activities around the world. The sources of information are widely varied.

    8. National Contract Management Association’s 2013 World Congress

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      The National Contract Management Association (NCMA) will hold its 2013 World Congress from July 21 to July 24, 2013, in Nashville, TN. The theme for this conference is "Collaborative Contract...

    9. Largest Cellulosic Ethanol Plant in the World Opened in October

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      TheDuPont cellulosic ethanol facility openedin Nevada, Iowa, last month and isthe largest cellulosic ethanol plant in the world. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office...

    10. Shining Some Light on the World Cup's Efficiency Efforts | Department...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      fans now have more to cheer for than their favorite teams. The 2014 World Cup host, Brazil, has been working hard to make its new stadiums energy efficient. In May, Brazil...

    11. World Induced Technical Change Hybrid (WITCH) | Open Energy Informatio...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      main economic and environmental policies in each world region as the outcome of a dynamic game. When to Use This Tool This tool is most useful for development impacts assessments...

    12. Future world oil supplies: There is a finite limit

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Ivanhoe, L.F.

      1995-10-01

      The question is not whether, but when, world crude productivity will start to decline, ushering in the permanent oil shock era. While global information for predicting this ``event`` is not so straightforward as the data M. King Hubbert used in creating his famous curve that predicted the US oil production peak, there are indications that most of the large exploration targets have been found, at the same time that the world`s population is exploding. This theme and a discussion of ``reserve`` and ``resource`` definitions and use, or abuse, are the subjects of this article. Discussions and illustrations give one indication of where the world is in crude production and reserves, and where it is headed.

    13. Financial Times-World Energy Council Energy Leaders Summit |...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Financial Times-World Energy Council Energy Leaders Summit September 16, 2008 - 3:43pm Addthis Remarks for (Acting) Deputy Energy Secretary Jeffrey F. Kupfer Thank you very much. ...

    14. Financial Times-World Energy Council Energy Leaders Summit |...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      aggressive action to achieve, is indeed critically important. First, let's look at our heavy reliance on oil. The growth in world oil consumption has been averaging about 1.8...

    15. Who Are the Major Players Supplying the World Oil Market?

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2013-01-01

      Energy in Brief article on the world supply of oil through ownership of national oil companies and, for some governments, their membership in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

    16. Noise tolerant spatiotemporal chaos computing

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Kia, Behnam; Kia, Sarvenaz; Ditto, William L.; Lindner, John F.; Sinha, Sudeshna

      2014-12-01

      We introduce and design a noise tolerant chaos computing system based on a coupled map lattice (CML) and the noise reduction capabilities inherent in coupled dynamical systems. The resulting spatiotemporal chaos computing system is more robust to noise than a single map chaos computing system. In this CML based approach to computing, under the coupled dynamics, the local noise from different nodes of the lattice diffuses across the lattice, and it attenuates each other's effects, resulting in a system with less noise content and a more robust chaos computing architecture.

    17. Coalition of World Energy Ministers Commit to Improvements in Energy

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Energy Access | Department of Energy Coalition of World Energy Ministers Commit to Improvements in Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Energy Access Coalition of World Energy Ministers Commit to Improvements in Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Energy Access April 26, 2012 - 5:15am Addthis LONDON, 26 April 2012 - Leaders from the 23-government Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) and the UN Secretary-General's Sustainable Energy for All initiative (SE4All) today

    18. Transmission and Distribution World March 2007: DOE Focuses on Cyber

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Security | Department of Energy Transmission and Distribution World March 2007: DOE Focuses on Cyber Security Transmission and Distribution World March 2007: DOE Focuses on Cyber Security Energy sector owners, operators and system vendors team up to boost control system security with national SCADA test bed. PDF icon Energy Secrtor Owners, operators and system vendors team up to boost control system security with national SCADA test bed More Documents & Publications ABB and Energy

    19. World's Largest Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Project Begins

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Construction | Department of Energy World's Largest Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Project Begins Construction World's Largest Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Project Begins Construction July 15, 2014 - 9:55am Addthis News Media Contact 202-586-4940 Department of Energy Supported Project Will Capture 1.4 Million Tons of CO2 Annually Washington, D.C. - Today, the Department of Energy - in partnership with NRG Energy Inc. and JX Nippon - announced that construction has begun on the first

    20. Practical Considerations for Analysis By Synthesis, a Real World Example

      Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

      using DARHT Radiography (Conference) | SciTech Connect Practical Considerations for Analysis By Synthesis, a Real World Example using DARHT Radiography Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Practical Considerations for Analysis By Synthesis, a Real World Example using DARHT Radiography Authors: Carroll, James L. [1] + Show Author Affiliations Los Alamos National Laboratory Publication Date: 2013-04-30 OSTI Identifier: 1078357 Report Number(s): LA-UR-13-23130 DOE Contract Number:

    1. World's largest single crystal of gold verified at Los Alamos

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      World's largest single crystal of gold verified at Los Alamos World's largest single crystal of gold verified at Los Alamos The SCD instrument is used to determine the periodic atomic arrangement or crystal structure of single crystals, both natural and synthetic. April 7, 2014 Neutron diffraction data collected on the single-crystal diffraction (SCD) instrument at the Lujan Center, from the Venezuelan gold sample, indicate that the sample is a single crystal. Neutron diffraction data collected

    2. Stories of Discovery & Innovation: Scientists Create World's Smallest

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Battery | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC Events DOE Announcements Publications History Contact BES Home 05.16.11 Stories of Discovery & Innovation: Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Effort yields insights that could improve battery performance. This work, featured

    3. Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing World

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Underfoot | Department of Energy Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing World Underfoot Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing World Underfoot August 13, 2012 - 2:33pm Addthis By developing a better understanding of the microbes that affect the growth of other plants (crops like corn or wheat) researchers may be able to improve their growth -- or provide better care for them in times of drought. By developing a better understanding of the

    4. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Attracts World Interest | Department of Energy

      Office of Environmental Management (EM)

      Attracts World Interest Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Attracts World Interest June 26, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Lights, Camera, Action! In May 2013, an INDIGO FILMS production crew prepares for an interview with EM's Carlsbad Field Office Chief Scientist Roger Nelson. INDIGO FILMS is producing a segment on WIPP for a program that highlights interesting, non-public locations that should air on the Travel Channel this fall. Lights, Camera, Action! In May 2013, an INDIGO FILMS production crew prepares

    5. International Energy Outlook 2016-World energy demand and economc outlook -

      Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

      Energy Information Administration Analysis & Projections International Energy Outlook 2016 Release Date: May 11, 2016 | Next Release Date: September 2017 | Complete PDF anticipated May 23 Chapter 1. World energy demand and economic outlook Overview The International Energy Outlook 2016 (IEO2016) Reference case projects significant growth in worldwide energy demand over the 28-year period from 2012 to 2040. Total world consumption of marketed energy expands from 549 quadrillion British

    6. Fusion Machines of the World | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Fusion Machines of the World NSTX-U IS ONE OF AN ELITE GROUP of magnetic fusion facilities scattered across the globe. These powerful and complex machines are advancing mankind's quest to harness fusion as a safe, clean and abundant source of energy for producing electricity. Here is a selection of major facilities. Publication File: PDF icon NSTX-U_presskit_print_FusionMachines-World

    7. AMRITA -- A computational facility

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Shepherd, J.E.; Quirk, J.J.

      1998-02-23

      Amrita is a software system for automating numerical investigations. The system is driven using its own powerful scripting language, Amrita, which facilitates both the composition and archiving of complete numerical investigations, as distinct from isolated computations. Once archived, an Amrita investigation can later be reproduced by any interested party, and not just the original investigator, for no cost other than the raw CPU time needed to parse the archived script. In fact, this entire lecture can be reconstructed in such a fashion. To do this, the script: constructs a number of shock-capturing schemes; runs a series of test problems, generates the plots shown; outputs the LATEX to typeset the notes; performs a myriad of behind-the-scenes tasks to glue everything together. Thus Amrita has all the characteristics of an operating system and should not be mistaken for a common-or-garden code.

    8. Computer memory management system

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Kirk, III, Whitson John

      2002-01-01

      A computer memory management system utilizing a memory structure system of "intelligent" pointers in which information related to the use status of the memory structure is designed into the pointer. Through this pointer system, The present invention provides essentially automatic memory management (often referred to as garbage collection) by allowing relationships between objects to have definite memory management behavior by use of coding protocol which describes when relationships should be maintained and when the relationships should be broken. In one aspect, the present invention system allows automatic breaking of strong links to facilitate object garbage collection, coupled with relationship adjectives which define deletion of associated objects. In another aspect, The present invention includes simple-to-use infinite undo/redo functionality in that it has the capability, through a simple function call, to undo all of the changes made to a data model since the previous `valid state` was noted.

    9. OECD NEA Benchmark Database of Spent Nuclear Fuel Isotopic Compositions for World Reactor Designs

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Gauld, Ian C; Sly, Nicholas C; Michel-Sendis, Franco

      2014-01-01

      Experimental data on the isotopic concentrations in irradiated nuclear fuel represent one of the primary methods for validating computational methods and nuclear data used for reactor and spent fuel depletion simulations that support nuclear fuel cycle safety and safeguards programs. Measurement data have previously not been available to users in a centralized or searchable format, and the majority of accessible information has been, for the most part, limited to light-water-reactor designs. This paper describes a recent initiative to compile spent fuel benchmark data for additional reactor designs used throughout the world that can be used to validate computer model simulations that support nuclear energy and nuclear safeguards missions. Experimental benchmark data have been expanded to include VVER-440, VVER-1000, RBMK, graphite moderated MAGNOX, gas cooled AGR, and several heavy-water moderated CANDU reactor designs. Additional experimental data for pressurized light water and boiling water reactor fuels has also been compiled for modern assembly designs and more extensive isotopic measurements. These data are being compiled and uploaded to a recently revised structured and searchable database, SFCOMPO, to provide the nuclear analysis community with a centrally-accessible resource of spent fuel compositions that can be used to benchmark computer codes, models, and nuclear data. The current version of SFCOMPO contains data for eight reactor designs, 20 fuel assembly designs, more than 550 spent fuel samples, and measured isotopic data for about 80 nuclides.

    10. Sandia National Laboratories: Advanced Simulation and Computing:

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computational Systems & Software Environment Computational Systems & Software Environment Advanced Simulation and Computing Computational Systems & Software Environment Integrated Codes Physics & Engineering Models Verification & Validation Facilities Operation & User Support Research & Collaboration Contact ASC Advanced Simulation and Computing Computational Systems & Software Environment Crack Modeling The Computational Systems & Software Environment

    11. Customizable Computing at Datacenter Scale | Argonne Leadership Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Facility Customizable Computing at Datacenter Scale Event Sponsor: Mathematics and Computer Science Division Seminar Start Date: May 2 2016 - 10:00am Building/Room: Building 240/Room 1416 Location: Argonne National Laboratory Speaker(s): Jason Cong Speaker(s) Title: UCLA Host: Marc Snir Customizable computing has been of interest to the research community for over three decades. The interest has intensified in the recent years as the power and energy become a significant limiting factor to

    12. Present and Future Computing Requirements for PETSc

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      and Future Computing Requirements for PETSc Jed Brown jedbrown@mcs.anl.gov Mathematics and Computer Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory Department of Computer Science, ...

    13. Paul C. Messina | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      He led the Computational and Computer Science component of Caltech's research project funded by the Academic Strategic Alliances Program of the Accelerated Strategic Computing ...

    14. CLAMR (Compute Language Adaptive Mesh Refinement)

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      CLAMR (Compute Language Adaptive Mesh Refinement) CLAMR (Compute Language Adaptive Mesh Refinement) CLAMR (Compute Language Adaptive Mesh Refinement) is being developed as a DOE...

    15. Computer_Vision

      Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

      2002-10-04

      The Computer_Vision software performs object recognition using a novel multi-scale characterization and matching algorithm. To understand the multi-scale characterization and matching software, it is first necessary to understand some details of the Computer Vision (CV) Project. This project has focused on providing algorithms and software that provide an end-to-end toolset for image processing applications. At a high-level, this end-to-end toolset focuses on 7 coy steps. The first steps are geometric transformations. 1) Image Segmentation. Thismore » step essentially classifies pixels in foe input image as either being of interest or not of interest. We have also used GENIE segmentation output for this Image Segmentation step. 2 Contour Extraction (patent submitted). This takes the output of Step I and extracts contours for the blobs consisting of pixels of interest. 3) Constrained Delaunay Triangulation. This is a well-known geometric transformation that creates triangles inside the contours. 4 Chordal Axis Transform (CAT) . This patented geometric transformation takes the triangulation output from Step 3 and creates a concise and accurate structural representation of a contour. From the CAT, we create a linguistic string, with associated metrical information, that provides a detailed structural representation of a contour. 5.) Normalization. This takes an attributed linguistic string output from Step 4 and balances it. This ensures that the linguistic representation accurately represents the major sections of the contour. Steps 6 and 7 are implemented by the multi-scale characterization and matching software. 6) Multi scale Characterization. This takes as input the attributed linguistic string output from Normalization. Rules from a context free grammar are applied in reverse to create a tree-like representation for each contour. For example, one of the grammar’s rules is L -> (LL ). When an (LL) is seen in a string, a parent node is created that points to the four child symbols ‘(‘ , ‘L’ , ‘L’, and ‘)‘ . Levels in the tree can then be thought of as coarser (towards the root) or finer (towards the leaves) representations of the same contours. 7.) Multi scale Matching. Having a multi-scale characterization allows us to compare objects at a coarser level before matching at finer levels of detail. Matching at a coarser level not only increases the speed of the matching process (you’re comparing fewer symbols) , but also increases accuracy since small variations along contours do not significantly detract from two objects’ similarity.« less

    16. Computational Fluid Dynamics Library

      Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

      2005-03-04

      CFDLib05 is the Los Alamos Computational Fluid Dynamics LIBrary. This is a collection of hydrocodes using a common data structure and a common numerical method, for problems ranging from single-field, incompressible flow, to multi-species, multi-field, compressible flow. The data structure is multi-block, with a so-called structured grid in each block. The numerical method is a Finite-Volume scheme employing a state vector that is fully cell-centered. This means that the integral form of the conservation lawsmore » is solved on the physical domain that is represented by a mesh of control volumes. The typical control volume is an arbitrary quadrilateral in 2D and an arbitrary hexahedron in 3D. The Finite-Volume scheme is for time-unsteady flow and remains well coupled by means of time and space centered fluxes; if a steady state solution is required, the problem is integrated forward in time until the user is satisfied that the state is stationary.« less

    17. Python and computer vision

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Doak, J. E.; Prasad, Lakshman

      2002-01-01

      This paper discusses the use of Python in a computer vision (CV) project. We begin by providing background information on the specific approach to CV employed by the project. This includes a brief discussion of Constrained Delaunay Triangulation (CDT), the Chordal Axis Transform (CAT), shape feature extraction and syntactic characterization, and normalization of strings representing objects. (The terms 'object' and 'blob' are used interchangeably, both referring to an entity extracted from an image.) The rest of the paper focuses on the use of Python in three critical areas: (1) interactions with a MySQL database, (2) rapid prototyping of algorithms, and (3) gluing together all components of the project including existing C and C++ modules. For (l), we provide a schema definition and discuss how the various tables interact to represent objects in the database as tree structures. (2) focuses on an algorithm to create a hierarchical representation of an object, given its string representation, and an algorithm to match unknown objects against objects in a database. And finally, (3) discusses the use of Boost Python to interact with the pre-existing C and C++ code that creates the CDTs and CATS, performs shape feature extraction and syntactic characterization, and normalizes object strings. The paper concludes with a vision of the future use of Python for the CV project.

    18. Bioinformatics Computing Consultant Position Available

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Bioinformatics Computing Consultant Position Available Bioinformatics Computing Consultant Position Available October 31, 2011 by Katie Antypas NERSC and the Joint Genome Institute (JGI) are searching for two individuals who can help biologists exploit advanced computing platforms. JGI provides production sequencing and genomics for the Department of Energy. These activities are critical to the DOE missions in areas related to clean energy generation and environmental characterization and

    19. computational-fluid-dynamics-training

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Table of Contents Date Location Advanced Hydraulic and Aerodynamic Analysis Using CFD March 27-28, 2013 Argonne TRACC Argonne, IL Computational Hydraulics and Aerodynamics using STAR-CCM+ for CFD Analysis March 21-22, 2012 Argonne TRACC Argonne, IL Computational Hydraulics and Aerodynamics using STAR-CCM+ for CFD Analysis March 30-31, 2011 Argonne TRACC Argonne, IL Computational Hydraulics for Transportation Workshop September 23-24, 2009 Argonne TRACC West Chicago, IL

    20. World Energy Resources program U. S. Geological Survey

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Masters, C.D.

      1986-05-01

      In 1973, with the OPEC embargo, the US was jarred into the world of insecure energy supplies - a harsh reality considering that throughout much of our history we had sufficient domestic supplies of oil and gas to meet all of our requirements. The US Government's response in 1973 was to assess domestic oil and gas potential, which was found to be substantial but nonetheless short of long-term requirements. Born of the need to become more certain about foreign as well has domestic resources, and working in conjunction with the Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program of the US Department of Energy, the US Geological Survey undertook a program to develop a technical understanding of the reserves and undiscovered recoverable resources of petroleum in every basin in the world with petroleum potential. The World Energy Resources Program prepared an assessment of ultimate resources of crude oil for the World Petroleum Congress (WPC) in 1983, and a revision and update (including nature gas, crude oil, extra heavy oil, and tar sands) are planned for WPC in 1987. This poster session attempts to engender awareness of our scenario of world ultimate petroleum occurrence and to show some elements of the geology that guided our thinking.

    1. Practical Considerations for Analysis By Synthesis, a Real World...

      Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

      Research Org: Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Sponsoring Org: DOELANL Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: Mathematics & Computing(97) Word Cloud ...

    2. United States Regains Lead with World's Fastest Supercomputer...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      ... universities to research a wide range of problems in combustion, climate modeling, fusion energy, materials science, physics, chemistry, computational biology, and other ...

    3. computation | National Nuclear Security Administration

      National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

      Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), announced her retirement last week after 15 years of leading Livermore's Computation Directorate. "Dona has successfully led a ...

    4. Parallel Computing Summer Research Internship

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      should have basic experience with a scientific computing language, such as C, C++, Fortran and with the LINUX operating system. Duration & Location The program will last ten...

    5. History | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      dedicated to enabling leading-edge computational capabilities to advance fundamental ... (ASCR) program within DOE's Office of Science, the ALCF is one half of the DOE ...

    6. Institutional computing (IC) information session

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Koch, Kenneth R; Lally, Bryan R

      2011-01-19

      The LANL Institutional Computing Program (IC) will host an information session about the current state of unclassified Institutional Computing at Los Alamos, exciting plans for the future, and the current call for proposals for science and engineering projects requiring computing. Program representatives will give short presentations and field questions about the call for proposals and future planned machines, and discuss technical support available to existing and future projects. Los Alamos has started making a serious institutional investment in open computing available to our science projects, and that investment is expected to increase even more.

    7. Bioinformatics Computing Consultant Position Available

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      You can read more about the positions and apply at jobs.lbl.gov: Bioinformatics High Performance Computing Consultant (job number: 73194) and Software Developer for High...

    8. DOE/ NREL Build One of the World's Most Energy Efficient Office Spaces

      ScienceCinema (OSTI)

      None

      2013-05-29

      Technology ? from sophisticated computer modeling to advanced windows that actually open ? will help the newest building at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) be one of the world's most energy efficient offices. Scheduled to open this summer, the 222,000 square-foot RSF will house more than 800 staff and an energy efficient information technology data center. Because 19 percent of the country's energy is used by commercial buildings, DOE plans to make this facility a showcase for energy efficiency. DOE hopes the design of the RSF will be replicated by the building industry and help reduce the nation's energy consumption by changing the way commercial buildings are designed and built.

    9. Synthetic graph generation for data-intensive HPC benchmarking: Scalability, analysis and real-world application

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Powers, Sarah S.; Lothian, Joshua

      2014-12-01

      The benchmarking effort within the Extreme Scale Systems Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory seeks to provide High Performance Computing benchmarks and test suites of interest to the DoD sponsor. The work described in this report is a part of the effort focusing on graph generation. A previously developed benchmark, SystemBurn, allows the emulation of a broad spectrum of application behavior profiles within a single framework. To complement this effort, similar capabilities are desired for graph-centric problems. This report described the in-depth analysis of the generated synthetic graphs' properties at a variety of scales using different generator implementations and examines their applicability to replicating real world datasets.

    10. Fact #578: July 6, 2009 World Oil Reserves, Production, and Consumption, 2007

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      The United States was responsible for 8% of the world's petroleum production, held 2% of the world's crude oil reserves, and consumed 24% of the world's petroleum consumption in 2007. The...

    11. Stochastic Energy Deployment System (SEDS) World Oil Model (WOM)

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      2009-08-07

      The function of the World Oil Market Model (WOMM) is to calculate a world oil price. SEDS will set start and end dates for the forecast period, and a time increment (assumed to be 1 year in the initial version). The WOMM will then randomly select an Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) oil price case and calibrate itself to that case. As it steps through each year, the WOMM will generate a stochastic supply shock to OPEC output and accept a new estimate of U.S. petroleum demand from SEDS. The WOMM will then calculate a new oil market equilibrium for the current year. The world oil price at the new equilibrium will be sent back to SEDS. When the end year is reached, the process will begin again with the selection of a new AEO forecast. Iterations over forecasts will continue until SEDS has completed all its simulation runs.

    12. Stochastic Energy Deployment System (SEDS) World Oil Model (WOM)

      Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

      2009-08-07

      The function of the World Oil Market Model (WOMM) is to calculate a world oil price. SEDS will set start and end dates for the forecast period, and a time increment (assumed to be 1 year in the initial version). The WOMM will then randomly select an Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) oil price case and calibrate itself to that case. As it steps through each year, the WOMM will generate a stochastic supply shock tomore » OPEC output and accept a new estimate of U.S. petroleum demand from SEDS. The WOMM will then calculate a new oil market equilibrium for the current year. The world oil price at the new equilibrium will be sent back to SEDS. When the end year is reached, the process will begin again with the selection of a new AEO forecast. Iterations over forecasts will continue until SEDS has completed all its simulation runs.« less

    13. Managing nuclear weapons in a changing world: Proceedings

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Not Available

      1992-12-31

      The Center for Security and Technology Studies was established at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to support long-range technical studies on issues of importance to US national security. An important goal of the Center is to bring together Laboratory staff and the broader outside community through a program of technical studies, visitors, symposia, seminars, workshops, and publications. With this in mind, the Center and LLNL`s Defense Systems Program sponsored a conference on Managing Nuclear Weapons in a Changing World held on November 17--18,1992. The first day of the meeting focused on nuclear weapons issues in the major geographical areas of the world. On the second day, the conference participants discussed what could be done to manage, control, and account for nuclear weapons in this changing world. Each of the talks and the concluding panel discussion are being indexed as separate documents.

    14. Semantic Interaction for Visual Analytics: Toward Coupling Cognition and Computation

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Endert, Alexander

      2014-07-01

      The dissertation discussed in this article [1] was written in the midst of an era of digitization. The world is becoming increasingly instrumented with sensors, monitoring, and other methods for generating data describing social, physical, and natural phenomena. Thus, data exist with the potential of being analyzed to uncover, or discover, the phenomena from which it was created. However, as the analytic models leveraged to analyze these data continue to increase in complexity and computational capability, how can visualizations and user interaction methodologies adapt and evolve to continue to foster discovery and sensemaking?

    15. Method and apparatus for managing transactions with connected computers

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Goldsmith, Steven Y.; Phillips, Laurence R.; Spires, Shannon V.

      2003-01-01

      The present invention provides a method and apparatus that make use of existing computer and communication resources and that reduce the errors and delays common to complex transactions such as international shipping. The present invention comprises an agent-based collaborative work environment that assists geographically distributed commercial and government users in the management of complex transactions such as the transshipment of goods across the U.S.-Mexico border. Software agents can mediate the creation, validation and secure sharing of shipment information and regulatory documentation over the Internet, using the World-Wide Web to interface with human users.

    16. Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) for Mg...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      More Documents & Publications Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) for Mg: International Pilot Project Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) for ...

    17. Celebrating the Completion of the World's Largest Concentrating Solar Power

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Plant | Department of Energy the Completion of the World's Largest Concentrating Solar Power Plant Celebrating the Completion of the World's Largest Concentrating Solar Power Plant February 13, 2014 - 9:21am Addthis Aerial view, Ivanpah 1 of 5 Aerial view, Ivanpah An aerial view of the Ivanpah Solar Power Facility at sunrise, with left to right Tower 1, 2 and 3. Image: Gilles Mingasson/Getty Images for Bechtel Harnessing the Power of the Sun 2 of 5 Harnessing the Power of the Sun The top of

    18. The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Gosling, F.G.

      1990-08-01

      The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War'' is a short history of the origins and development of the American atomic bomb program during World War II. Beginning with the scientific developments of the pre-war years, the monograph details of the role of the United States government in conducting a secret, nationwide enterprise that took science from the laboratory and into combat with an entirely new type of weapon. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the immediate postwar period, the debate over the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, and the founding of the Atomic Energy Commission.

    19. Meet the world's highest-performance single-molecule diode

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Meet the world's highest-performance single-molecule diode Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window) Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window) Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window) This is the world's highest-performance single-molecule diode using a combination of gold electrodes and an ionic solution. (Image: Latha Venkataraman, Columbia University) More » Nanotubes that Assemble Themselves Discover a new way to look at

    20. Jefferson Lab is a world-leading laboratory

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Jefferson Lab is a world-leading laboratory funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. The lab is devoted to the study of the building blocks of matter that make up 98 percent of our visible universe. Scientists from across the nation and around the world use the lab's facilities to probe the nucleus of the atom. Below: Magnets (red) focus electron beams as they speed to three experimental halls Front Cover: JLab nuclear physicists discuss particle structure equations Back

    1. World record neutron beam at Los Alamos National Laboratory

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      World oil inventories forecast to grow significantly in 2016 and 2017 Global oil inventories are expected to continue strong growth over the next two years which should keep oil prices low. In its new monthly forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said world oil stocks are likely to increase by 1.6 million barrels per day this year and by 600,000 barrels per day next year. The higher forecast for inventory builds are the result of both higher global oil production and less oil

    2. World Oil Price Cases (released in AEO2005)

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2005-01-01

      World oil prices in Annual Energy Outlook 2005 are set in an environment where the members of OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) are assumed to act as the dominant producers, with lower production costs than other supply regions or countries. Non-OPEC oil producers are assumed to behave competitively, producing as much oil as they can profitability extract at the market price for oil. As a result, the OPEC member countries will be able effectively to set the price of oil when they can act in concert by varying their aggregate production. Alternatively, OPEC members could target a fixed level of production and let the world market determine the price.

    3. World Oil Prices in AEO2006 (released in AEO2006)

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2006-01-01

      World oil prices in the Annual Energy Outlook 2006 (AEO) reference case are substantially higher than those in the AEO2005 reference case. In the AEO2006 reference case, world crude oil prices, in terms of the average price of imported low-sulfur, light crude oil to U.S. refiners, decline from current levels to about $47 per barrel (2004 dollars) in 2014, then rise to $54 per barrel in 2025 and $57 per barrel in 2030. The price in 2025 is approximately $21 per barrel higher than the corresponding price projection in the AEO2005 reference case.

    4. Computation Directorate 2008 Annual Report

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Crawford, D L

      2009-03-25

      Whether a computer is simulating the aging and performance of a nuclear weapon, the folding of a protein, or the probability of rainfall over a particular mountain range, the necessary calculations can be enormous. Our computers help researchers answer these and other complex problems, and each new generation of system hardware and software widens the realm of possibilities. Building on Livermore's historical excellence and leadership in high-performance computing, Computation added more than 331 trillion floating-point operations per second (teraFLOPS) of power to LLNL's computer room floors in 2008. In addition, Livermore's next big supercomputer, Sequoia, advanced ever closer to its 2011-2012 delivery date, as architecture plans and the procurement contract were finalized. Hyperion, an advanced technology cluster test bed that teams Livermore with 10 industry leaders, made a big splash when it was announced during Michael Dell's keynote speech at the 2008 Supercomputing Conference. The Wall Street Journal touted Hyperion as a 'bright spot amid turmoil' in the computer industry. Computation continues to measure and improve the costs of operating LLNL's high-performance computing systems by moving hardware support in-house, by measuring causes of outages to apply resources asymmetrically, and by automating most of the account and access authorization and management processes. These improvements enable more dollars to go toward fielding the best supercomputers for science, while operating them at less cost and greater responsiveness to the customers.

    5. Construction completed, PPPL is set to resume world-class fusion...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Construction completed, PPPL is set to resume world-class fusion research By John ... Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), world-leading fusion research resumes later this fall. ...

    6. EERE Success Story-Competition Provides Students with Real-World...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Competition Provides Students with Real-World Engineering Experience EERE Success Story-Competition Provides Students with Real-World Engineering Experience April 10, 2013 - ...

    7. Fact #578: July 6, 2009 World Oil Reserves, Production, and Consumptio...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      8: July 6, 2009 World Oil Reserves, Production, and Consumption, 2007 Fact 578: July 6, 2009 World Oil Reserves, Production, and Consumption, 2007 The United States was ...

    8. World War II role of Oak Ridge National Lab featured in second...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      70th anniversary lecture Talk by Ray Smith about that laboratory's role during World ... National Security Complex historian Ray Smith about that laboratory's role during World ...

    9. Sixties Counterculture and the Personal Computer (What the Dormouse Said: How the Sixties Counterculture Shaped the Personal Computer Industry)

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Markoff, John

      2006-01-30

      The Internet is arguably the largest accumulation of information in one place, yet its own beginnings remain largely undocumented. In researching his recent book, John Markoff collected oral histories from many of the Stanford-area researchers whose technological inventions defined the both modern internet and personal computer. In his talk, Markoff will explore the role that the counterculture and anti war movements of the 1960s and 1970s played in the work of these researchers as they created what would later be called the 'world's largest legal accumulation of wealth.'

    10. Peaking of world oil production: Impacts, mitigation, & risk management

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Hirsch, R.L.; Bezdek, Roger; Wendling, Robert

      2005-02-01

      The peaking of world oil production presents the U.S. and the world with an unprecedented risk management problem. As peaking is approached, liquid fuel prices and price volatility will increase dramatically, and, without timely mitigation, the economic, social, and political costs will be unprecedented. Viable mitigation options exist on both the supply and demand sides, but to have substantial impact, they must be initiated more than a decade in advance of peaking.... The purpose of this analysis was to identify the critical issues surrounding the occurrence and mitigation of world oil production peaking. We simplified many of the complexities in an effort to provide a transparent analysis. Nevertheless, our study is neither simple nor brief. We recognize that when oil prices escalate dramatically, there will be demand and economic impacts that will alter our simplified assumptions. Consideration of those feedbacks will be a daunting task but one that should be undertaken. Our aim in this study is to-- • Summarize the difficulties of oil production forecasting; • Identify the fundamentals that show why world oil production peaking is such a unique challenge; • Show why mitigation will take a decade or more of intense effort; • Examine the potential economic effects of oil peaking; • Describe what might be accomplished under three example mitigation scenarios. • Stimulate serious discussion of the problem, suggest more definitive studies, and engender interest in timely action to mitigate its impacts.

    11. Real-World PHEV Fuel Economy Prediction | Department of Energy

      Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

      11 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation PDF icon vss047_gonder_2011_o.pdf More Documents & Publications Light Duty Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Systems Analysis Defining Real World Drive Cycles to Support APRF Technology Evaluations Analysis of maximizing the Synergy between PHEVs/EVs and PV

    12. World ethylene and LPG past the 1980's

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Baldwin, R.L.

      1986-01-01

      This paper examines the future of the US ethylene/petrochemical industry by addressing several questions: What are the characteristics of this industry when viewed in a worldwide context. What does the future hold for this industry. How will it fare in the world. Will things get better or worse.

    13. Largest Cellulosic Ethanol Plant in the World Opens October 30

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      The DuPont cellulosic ethanol facility, opening in Nevada, Iowa, on October 30, will be the largest cellulosic ethanol plant in the world. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) Director, Jonathan Male, alongside senior government officials, DuPont leaders and staff, and local farmers will attend the grand opening ceremony and plant tour.

    14. World Oil Prices in AEO2007 (released in AEO2007)

      Reports and Publications (EIA)

      2007-01-01

      Over the long term, the Annual Energy Outlook 2007 (AEO) projection for world oil prices -- defined as the average price of imported low-sulfur, light crude oil to U.S. refiners -- is similar to the AEO2006 projection. In the near term, however, AEO2007 projects prices that are $8 to $10 higher than those in AEO2006.

    15. Can Cloud Computing Address the Scientific Computing Requirements...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      the ever-increasing computational needs of scientists, Department of Energy ... and as the largest funder of basic scientific research in the U.S., DOE was interested in ...

    16. Wanda Woods | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      of Scientific and Technical Information Walter L. Warnick, Ph.D., Former Director WorldWideScience Alliance Signing Ceremony, June 12, 2008 [Photograph by: Korean Institute of Science and Technology Information] The WorldWideScience Alliance was formalized on June 12, 2008, in Seoul, Korea, by officials from 11 organizations representing 38 countries. WorldWideScience.org is the online gateway to science information issued from nations around the world. The signing ceremony was the

    17. K-effective of the world: and other concerns for Monte Carlo Eigenvalue calculations

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Brown, Forrest B

      2010-01-01

      Monte Carlo methods have been used to compute k{sub eff} and the fundamental model eigenfunction of critical systems since the 1950s. Despite the sophistication of today's Monte Carlo codes for representing realistic geometry and physics interactions, correct results can be obtained in criticality problems only if users pay attention to source convergence in the Monte Carlo iterations and to running a sufficient number of neutron histories to adequately sample all significant regions of the problem. Recommended best practices for criticality calculations are reviewed and applied to several practical problems for nuclear reactors and criticality safety, including the 'K-effective of the World' problem. Numerical results illustrate the concerns about convergence and bias. The general conclusion is that with today's high-performance computers, improved understanding of the theory, new tools for diagnosing convergence (e.g., Shannon entropy of the fission distribution), and clear practical guidance for performing calculations, practitioners will have a greater degree of confidence than ever of obtaining correct results for Monte Carlo criticality calculations.

    18. Introduction to computers: Reference guide

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Ligon, F.V.

      1995-04-01

      The ``Introduction to Computers`` program establishes formal partnerships with local school districts and community-based organizations, introduces computer literacy to precollege students and their parents, and encourages students to pursue Scientific, Mathematical, Engineering, and Technical careers (SET). Hands-on assignments are given in each class, reinforcing the lesson taught. In addition, the program is designed to broaden the knowledge base of teachers in scientific/technical concepts, and Brookhaven National Laboratory continues to act as a liaison, offering educational outreach to diverse community organizations and groups. This manual contains the teacher`s lesson plans and the student documentation to this introduction to computer course.

    19. GPU Computing - Dirac.pptx

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      GPU Computing with Dirac Hemant Shukla 2 Architectural Differences 2 ALU Cache DRAM Control Logic DRAM CPU GPU 512 cores 10s t o 1 00s o f t hreads p er c ore Latency i s h idden b y f ast c ontext switching Less t han 2 0 c ores 1---2 t hreads p er c ore Latency i s h idden b y l arge c ache 3 Programming Models 3 CUDA (Compute Unified Device Architecture) OpenCL Microsoft's DirectCompute Third party wrappers are also available for Python, Perl, Fortran, Java, Ruby, Lua, MATLAB, IDL, and

    20. Power throttling of collections of computing elements

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Bellofatto, Ralph E.; Coteus, Paul W.; Crumley, Paul G.; Gara, Alan G.; Giampapa, Mark E.; Gooding; Thomas M.; Haring, Rudolf A.; Megerian, Mark G.; Ohmacht, Martin; Reed, Don D.; Swetz, Richard A.; Takken, Todd

      2011-08-16

      An apparatus and method for controlling power usage in a computer includes a plurality of computers communicating with a local control device, and a power source supplying power to the local control device and the computer. A plurality of sensors communicate with the computer for ascertaining power usage of the computer, and a system control device communicates with the computer for controlling power usage of the computer.

    1. SSRL Computer Account Request Form

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      SSRL/LCLS Computer Account Request Form August 2009 Fill in this form and sign the security statement mentioned at the bottom of this page to obtain an account. Your Name: __________________________________________________________ Institution: ___________________________________________________________ Mailing Address: ______________________________________________________ Email Address: _______________________________________________________ Telephone:

    2. Quantum Computing: Solving Complex Problems

      ScienceCinema (OSTI)

      DiVincenzo, David [IBM Watson Research Center

      2009-09-01

      One of the motivating ideas of quantum computation was that there could be a new kind of machine that would solve hard problems in quantum mechanics. There has been significant progress towards the experimental realization of these machines (which I will review), but there are still many questions about how such a machine could solve computational problems of interest in quantum physics. New categorizations of the complexity of computational problems have now been invented to describe quantum simulation. The bad news is that some of these problems are believed to be intractable even on a quantum computer, falling into a quantum analog of the NP class. The good news is that there are many other new classifications of tractability that may apply to several situations of physical interest.

    3. Present and Future Computing Requirements

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Cosmology SciDAC-3 Project Ann Almgren (LBNL) Nick Gnedin (FNAL) Dave Higdon (LANL) Rob Ross (ANL) Martin White (UC Berkeley LBNL) Large Scale Production Computing and Storage...

    4. Filtration theory using computer simulations

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Bergman, W.; Corey, I.

      1997-01-01

      We have used commercially available fluid dynamics codes based on Navier-Stokes theory and the Langevin particle equation of motion to compute the particle capture efficiency and pressure drop through selected two- and three- dimensional fiber arrays. The approach we used was to first compute the air velocity vector field throughout a defined region containing the fiber matrix. The particle capture in the fiber matrix is then computed by superimposing the Langevin particle equation of motion over the flow velocity field. Using the Langevin equation combines the particle Brownian motion, inertia and interception mechanisms in a single equation. In contrast, most previous investigations treat the different capture mechanisms separately. We have computed the particle capture efficiency and the pressure drop through one, 2-D and two, 3-D fiber matrix elements.

    5. Events | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      2:00 PM Finding Multiple Local Minima of Computationally Expensive Simulations Jeffery Larson Postdoctoral Appointee, MCS Building 240Room 4301 Pages 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ... next...

    6. SSRL Computer Account Request Form

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      SSRLLCLS Computer Account Request Form August 2009 Fill in this form and sign the security statement mentioned at the bottom of this page to obtain an account. Your Name:...

    7. Computing at SSRL Home Page

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      contents you are looking for have moved. You will be redirected to the new location automatically in 5 seconds. Please bookmark the correct page at http://www-ssrl.slac.stanford.edu/content/staff-resources/computer-networking-group

    8. Tukey | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Documentation Feedback Please provide feedback to help guide us as we continue to build documentation for our new computing resource. [Feedback Form] Tukey The primary purpose of Tukey is to analyze and visualize data produced on Mira. Equipped with state-of-the-art graphics processing units (GPUs), Tukey converts computational data from Mira into high-resolution visual representations. The resulting images, videos, and animations help users to better analyze and understand the data generated by

    9. Vesta | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Policies Documentation Feedback Please provide feedback to help guide us as we continue to build documentation for our new computing resource. [Feedback Form] Vesta Vesta is the ALCF's test and development platform, serving as a launching pad for researchers planning to use Mira. Vesta has the same architecture as Mira, but on a much smaller scale (two computer racks compared to Mira's 48 racks). This system enables researchers to debug and scale up codes for the Blue Gene/Q architecture in

    10. Automatic computation of transfer functions

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Atcitty, Stanley; Watson, Luke Dale

      2015-04-14

      Technologies pertaining to the automatic computation of transfer functions for a physical system are described herein. The physical system is one of an electrical system, a mechanical system, an electromechanical system, an electrochemical system, or an electromagnetic system. A netlist in the form of a matrix comprises data that is indicative of elements in the physical system, values for the elements in the physical system, and structure of the physical system. Transfer functions for the physical system are computed based upon the netlist.

    11. Parallel Computing Summer Research Internship

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      LaboratoryNational Security Education Center Menu About Contact Educational Prog Computer System, Cluster and Networking Summer Institute (CSCNSI) IS&T Data Science at Scale Summer School IS&T Co-Design Summer School Parallel Computing Summer Research Internship Univ Partnerships CMU/LANL Institute for Reliable High Performance Technology (IRHPIT) Missouri S&T/LANL Cyber Security Sciences Institute (CSSI) UC, Davis/LANL Institute for Next Generation Visualization and Analysis (INGVA)

    12. computational-hydraulics-for-transportation

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Transportation Workshop Sept. 23-24, 2009 Argonne TRACC Dr. Steven Lottes This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Announcement pdficon small The Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center at Argonne National Laboratory will hold a workshop on the use of computational hydraulics for transportation applications. The goals of the workshop are: Bring together people who are using or would benefit from the use of high performance cluster

    13. Computer Assisted Virtual Environment - CAVE

      ScienceCinema (OSTI)

      Erickson, Phillip; Podgorney, Robert; Weingartner, Shawn; Whiting, Eric

      2014-06-09

      Research at the Center for Advanced Energy Studies is taking on another dimension with a 3-D device known as a Computer Assisted Virtual Environment. The CAVE uses projection to display high-end computer graphics on three walls and the floor. By wearing 3-D glasses to create depth perception and holding a wand to move and rotate images, users can delve into data.

    14. Secure computing for the 'Everyman'

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Secure computing for the 'Everyman' Secure computing for the 'Everyman' If implemented on a wide scale, quantum key distribution technology could ensure truly secure commerce, banking, communications and data transfer. September 2, 2014 This small device developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory uses the truly random spin of light particles as defined by laws of quantum mechanics to generate a random number for use in a cryptographic key that can be used to securely transmit information

    15. Computational Sciences and Engineering Division

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      The Computational Sciences and Engineering Division is a major research division at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. CSED develops and applies creative information technology and modeling and simulation research solutions for National Security and National Energy Infrastructure needs. The mission of the Computational Sciences and Engineering Division is to enhance the country's capabilities in achieving important objectives in the areas of national defense, homeland

    16. Proposal for grid computing for nuclear applications

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Idris, Faridah Mohamad; Ismail, Saaidi; Haris, Mohd Fauzi B.; Sulaiman, Mohamad Safuan B.; Aslan, Mohd Dzul Aiman Bin.; Samsudin, Nursuliza Bt.; Ibrahim, Maizura Bt.; Ahmad, Megat Harun Al Rashid B. Megat; Yazid, Hafizal B.; Jamro, Rafhayudi B.; Azman, Azraf B.; Rahman, Anwar B. Abdul; Ibrahim, Mohd Rizal B. Mamat; Muhamad, Shalina Bt. Sheik; Hassan, Hasni; Abdullah, Wan Ahmad Tajuddin Wan; Ibrahim, Zainol Abidin; Zolkapli, Zukhaimira; Anuar, Afiq Aizuddin; Norjoharuddeen, Nurfikri; and others

      2014-02-12

      The use of computer clusters for computational sciences including computational physics is vital as it provides computing power to crunch big numbers at a faster rate. In compute intensive applications that requires high resolution such as Monte Carlo simulation, the use of computer clusters in a grid form that supplies computational power to any nodes within the grid that needs computing power, has now become a necessity. In this paper, we described how the clusters running on a specific application could use resources within the grid, to run the applications to speed up the computing process.

    17. Apparatus and method for interaction phenomena with world modules in data-flow-based simulation

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Xavier, Patrick G.; Gottlieb, Eric J.; McDonald, Michael J.; Oppel, III, Fred J.

      2006-08-01

      A method and apparatus accommodate interaction phenomenon in a data-flow-based simulation of a system of elements, by establishing meta-modules to simulate system elements and by establishing world modules associated with interaction phenomena. World modules are associated with proxy modules from a group of meta-modules associated with one of the interaction phenomenon. The world modules include a communication world, a sensor world, a mobility world, and a contact world. World modules can be further associated with other world modules if necessary. Interaction phenomenon are simulated in corresponding world modules by accessing member functions in the associated group of proxy modules. Proxy modules can be dynamically allocated at a desired point in the simulation to accommodate the addition of elements in the system of elements such as a system of robots, a system of communication terminals, or a system of vehicles, being simulated.

    18. The perfect heist : recipes from around the world.

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Lafleur, Jarret Marshall; Purvis, Liston Keith; Roesler, Alexander William; Westland, Paul

      2014-04-01

      Of the many facets of the criminal world, few have captured society's fascination as has that of high stakes robbery. The combination of meticulousness, cunning, and audacity required to execute a real-life Ocean's Eleven may be uncommon among criminals, but fortunately it is common enough to extract a wealth of lessons for the protection of high-value assets. To assist in informing the analyses and decisions of security professionals, this paper surveys 23 sophisticated and high-value heists that have occurred or been attempted around the world, particularly over the past three decades. The results, compiled in a Heist Methods and Characteristics Database, have been analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively, with the goals of both identifying common characteristics and characterizing the range and diversity of criminal methods used. The analysis is focused in six areas: (1) Defeated Security Measures and Devices, (2) Deception Methods, (3) Timing, (4) Weapons, (5) Resources, and (6) Insiders.

    19. World Institute for Nuclear Security Launch | Department of Energy

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Institute for Nuclear Security Launch World Institute for Nuclear Security Launch September 29, 2008 - 3:43pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Secretary Bodman Thank you. My thanks to Director General El Baradei and Senator Nunn for their opening remarks. I am pleased to be here with you this afternoon. Each nation has the responsibility to assist in the effort to make nuclear materials and facilities secure. This means we need cooperation at every level and every stage of the process: from

    20. Nuclear energy in a nuclear weapon free world

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Pilat, Joseph

      2009-01-01

      The prospect of a nuclear renaissance has revived a decades old debate over the proliferation and terrorism risks of the use of nuclear power. This debate in the last few years has taken on an added dimension with renewed attention to disarmament. Increasingly, concerns that proliferation risks may reduce the prospects for realizing the vision of a nuclear-weapon-free world are being voiced.

    1. Role of coal in the world and Asia

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Johnson, C.J.; Li, B.

      1994-10-01

      This paper examines the changing role of coal in the world and in Asia. Particular attention is given to the rapidly growing demand for coal in electricity generation, the importance of China as a producer and consumer of coal, and the growing environmental challenge to coal. Attention is given to the increasing importance of low sulfur coal and Clean Coal Technologies in reducing the environmental impacts of coal burning.

    2. Sandia Team Attends World Water Week in Stockholm

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Team Attends World Water Week in Stockholm - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste Management

    3. Gedanken Worlds without Higgs: QCD-Induced Electroweak Symmetry Breaking

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Quigg, Chris; Shrock, Robert; /YITP, Stony Brook

      2009-01-01

      To illuminate how electroweak symmetry breaking shapes the physical world, we investigate toy models in which no Higgs fields or other constructs are introduced to induce spontaneous symmetry breaking. Two models incorporate the standard SU(3){sub c} {circle_times} SU(2){sub L} {circle_times} U(1){sub Y} gauge symmetry and fermion content similar to that of the standard model. The first class--like the standard electroweak theory--contains no bare mass terms, so the spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry within quantum chromodynamics is the only source of electroweak symmetry breaking. The second class adds bare fermion masses sufficiently small that QCD remains the dominant source of electroweak symmetry breaking and the model can serve as a well-behaved low-energy effective field theory to energies somewhat above the hadronic scale. A third class of models is based on the left-right-symmetric SU(3){sub c} {circle_times} SU(2){sub L} {circle_times} SU(2){sub R} {circle_times} U(1)B?L gauge group. In a fourth class of models, built on SU(4){sub PS} {circle_times} SU(2){sub L} {circle_times} SU(2){sub R} gauge symmetry, lepton number is treated as a fourth color. Many interesting characteristics of the models stem from the fact that the effective strength of the weak interactions is much closer to that of the residual strong interactions than in the real world. The Higgs-free models not only provide informative contrasts to the real world, but also lead us to consider intriguing issues in the application of field theory to the real world.

    4. DOE Representative to World Institute of Nuclear Safety (WINS) | National

      National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

      Nuclear Security Administration DOE Representative to World Institute of Nuclear Safety (WINS) Lisa G. Hilliard Lisa Hilliard August 2009 NNSA Administrator's Silver Award Lisa G. Hilliard has received the NNSA Administrator's Silver Award for her sustained distinguished accomplishments as the Office Director of the DOE office to the U.S. Mission to International Organizations in Vienna from May 1993 to April 2009, serving four Ambassadors, two interim Representatives, and six Secretaries of

    5. Frontiers in Science lectures focus on imaging technology, world's

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      fastest camera Frontiers in Science imaging technology talk Frontiers in Science lectures focus on imaging technology, world's fastest camera Scott Watson talks about the history of imaging technology and the new fields of high-speed photography and flash radiography. March 5, 2012 Scott Watson Scott Watson Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, March 5, 2012-Los Alamos National Laboratory research and development engineer Scott Watson talks

    6. Scientists use world's fastest supercomputer to create the largest HIV

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      evolutionary tree HIV evolutionary tree Scientists use world's fastest supercomputer to create the largest HIV evolutionary tree Researchers are using the supercomputer to analyze vast quantities of genetic sequences from HIV infected people in the hope of zeroing in on possible vaccine target areas. October 27, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering

    7. Scientists use world's fastest supercomputer to explore magnetic

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      reconnection Supercomputer to explore magnetic reconnection Scientists use world's fastest supercomputer to explore magnetic reconnection The focus is to understand the three-dimensional evolution of thin electrical current layers where magnetic reconnection initially develops. October 30, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience,

    8. Resource demand growth and sustainability due to increased world consumption

      DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

      Balatsky, Alexander V.; Balatsky, Galina I.; Borysov, Stanislav S.

      2015-03-20

      The paper aims at continuing the discussion on sustainability and attempts to forecast the impossibility of the expanding consumption worldwide due to the planet’s limited resources. As the population of China, India and other developing countries continue to increase, they would also require more natural and financial resources to sustain their growth. We coarsely estimate the volumes of these resources (energy, food, freshwater) and the gross domestic product (GDP) that would need to be achieved to bring the population of India and China to the current levels of consumption in the United States. We also provide estimations for potentially neededmore » immediate growth of the world resource consumption to meet this equality requirement. Given the tight historical correlation between GDP and energy consumption, the needed increase of GDP per capita in the developing world to the levels of the U.S. would deplete explored fossil fuel reserves in less than two decades. These estimates predict that the world economy would need to find a development model where growth would be achieved without heavy dependence on fossil fuels.« less

    9. Resource demand growth and sustainability due to increased world consumption

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Balatsky, Alexander V.; Balatsky, Galina I.; Borysov, Stanislav S.

      2015-03-20

      The paper aims at continuing the discussion on sustainability and attempts to forecast the impossibility of the expanding consumption worldwide due to the planet’s limited resources. As the population of China, India and other developing countries continue to increase, they would also require more natural and financial resources to sustain their growth. We coarsely estimate the volumes of these resources (energy, food, freshwater) and the gross domestic product (GDP) that would need to be achieved to bring the population of India and China to the current levels of consumption in the United States. We also provide estimations for potentially needed immediate growth of the world resource consumption to meet this equality requirement. Given the tight historical correlation between GDP and energy consumption, the needed increase of GDP per capita in the developing world to the levels of the U.S. would deplete explored fossil fuel reserves in less than two decades. These estimates predict that the world economy would need to find a development model where growth would be achieved without heavy dependence on fossil fuels.

    10. Computational Quantum Chemistry at the RCC | Argonne Leadership Computing

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Facility Computational Quantum Chemistry at the RCC Start Date: May 12 2016 - 2:00pm to 3:30pm Building/Room: Kathleen A. Zar Room, John Crerar Library Location: University of Chicago Speaker(s): Jonathan Skone Speaker(s) Title: Scientific Programming Consultant, Research Computing Center Event Website: https://training.uchicago.edu/course_detail.cfm?course_id=1652 This workshop is meant to guide those less familiar with quantum chemistry software in setting themselves up quickly to begin

    11. Computer Accounts | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Computer Accounts Each user group must have a computer account. Additionally, all persons using these accounts are responsible for understanding and complying with the terms outlined in the "Use of SLAC Information Resources". Links are provided below for computer account forms and the computer security agreement which must be completed and sent to the appropriate contact person. SSRL does not charge for use of its computer systems. Forms X-ray/VUV Computer Account Request Form

    12. Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      based on molecular magnets that may make them suitable as qubits for quantum computers. Chemistry Aids Quantum Computing Quantum bits or qubits are the fundamental...

    13. Parallel Programming with MPI | Argonne Leadership Computing...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Parallel Programming with MPI Event Sponsor: Mathematics and Computer Science Division ...permalinksargonne16mpi.php The Mathematics and Computer Science division of ...

    14. Mathematics and Computer Science Division | Argonne National...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Mathematics and Computer Science Division To help solve some of the nation's most critical scientific problems, the Mathematics and Computer Science (MCS) Division at Argonne ...

    15. Thermoelectric Materials by Design, Computational Theory and...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      by Design, Computational Theory and Structure Thermoelectric Materials by Design, Computational Theory and Structure 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program...

    16. OCIO Technology Summit: High Performance Computing | Department...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      The summit explored how Energy is using high performance computing to address a number of ... Oak Ridge National Laboratory, National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center ...

    17. Predictive Capability Maturity Model for computational modeling...

      Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

      Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 97 MATHEMATICAL METHODS AND COMPUTING; 99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUSMATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, ...

    18. Predictive Capability Maturity Model for computational modeling...

      Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

      ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 97 MATHEMATICAL METHODS AND COMPUTING; 99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUSMATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, ...

    19. Computer Science and Information Technology Student Pipeline

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Divisions recruit and hire promising undergraduate and graduate students in the areas of Computer Science, Information Technology, Management Information Systems, Computer...

    20. Energy Storage Computational Tool | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Energy Storage Computational Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Storage Computational Tool AgencyCompany Organization: Navigant Consulting...