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Sample records for ieee photonics technology

  1. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 6, JUNE 2005 1253 High Sensitivity Evanescent Field Fiber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dagenais, Mario

    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 6, JUNE 2005 1253 High Sensitivity Evanescent Field, IEEE, and Mario Dagenais, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Increased sensitivity to change in surrounding

  2. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 14, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2002 1605 Multichannel 1.1-kV Arbitrary Waveform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalan, Venkatraman

    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 14, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2002 1605 Multichannel 1.1-k Chandramani, Student Member, IEEE, Jeremy Ekman, Student Member, IEEE, Fouad Kiamilev, Member, IEEE, David Scrymgeour, Student Member, IEEE, Venkatraman Gopalan, Member, IEEE, Eric Moore, and Margaret Weiler, Member

  3. 668 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 19, NO. 9, MAY 1, 2007 Photonic Generation of Microwave Signals Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    668 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 19, NO. 9, MAY 1, 2007 Photonic Generation of Microwave, IEEE Abstract--A novel approach to generating microwave signals based on optical pulse shaping generation is developed. Experimental results agree well with the theoretical analysis. Index Terms--Microwave

  4. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 4, APRIL 2005 899 All-Optical Microwave Mixing and Bandpass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 4, APRIL 2005 899 All-Optical Microwave Mixing is an electrooptic phase modulator which performs all-optical mi- crowave mixing. The microwave bandpass filtering is realized by passing the mixed microwave signals through a length of single- mode fiber, acting

  5. 1438 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 16, NO. 6, JUNE 2004 First Demonstration of a MEMS Tunable

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    MacDonald, Noel C.

    1438 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 16, NO. 6, JUNE 2004 First Demonstration of a MEMSB of device gain through 11 nm of tuning. Index Terms--Laser amplifiers, microelectromechanical (MEMS) devices been investigated [4], but a more promising method is microelectromechanical (MEMS) tuning

  6. 258 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 20, NO. 4, FEBRUARY 15, 2008 Optimization-Based Analysis of Modulation

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    Fainman, Yeshaiahu

    .1109/LPT.2007.913240 the set adjusted to lower the error. The energy transfer between the waves in MI258 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 20, NO. 4, FEBRUARY 15, 2008 Optimization showing the effects of the cavity modes on the gain curves. Index Terms--Nonlinear optics, nonlinear wave

  7. 1472 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 19, NO. 19, OCTOBER 1, 2007 A Tunable Photonic Microwave Filter With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    Microwave Filter With a Complex Coefficient Using an Optical RF Phase Shifter Yu Yan and Jianping Yao, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--A novel tunable photonic microwave filter with complex coefficients modulators, and the phase shift remains constant over the microwave spectral region of interest. A two

  8. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 25, NO. 19, OCTOBER 1, 2013 1889 A Nonuniformly Spaced Microwave Photonic Filter

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    Yao, Jianping

    Microwave Photonic Filter Using a Spatially Discrete Chirped FBG Chao Wang, Member, IEEE, and Jianping Yao microwave delay-line filter imple- mented using an incoherent broadband optical source and a spatially response is achieved. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, a flat-top bandpass microwave

  9. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 22, NO. 17, SEPTEMBER 1, 2010 1285 Continuously Tunable Photonic Microwave

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    Yao, Jianping

    Photonic Microwave Frequency Multiplication by Use of an Unbalanced Temporal Pulse Shaping System Chao Wang approach to achieving microwave frequency multiplication with a continuously tunable multiplication factor dispersive element for a second real-time Fourier transformation. The microwave frequency multiplication

  10. 882 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 20, NO. 11, JUNE 1, 2008 Photonic Generation of Chirped Microwave Pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    Microwave Pulses Using Superimposed Chirped Fiber Bragg Gratings Chao Wang, Student Member, IEEE, and Jianping Yao, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--A novel approach to generating linearly chirped microwave or decreased free spectral range is generated. A chirped microwave pulse with the pulse shape identical

  11. 504 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 23, NO. 8, APRIL 15, 2011 Broadband Silicon Photonic Electrooptic Switch for

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    Bergman, Keren

    Padmaraju, Noam Ophir, Johnnie Chan, Student Member, IEEE, Michal Lipson, Senior Member, IEEE, and Keren, has fostered the ever-growing computational parallelism associated with chip multiprocessors (CMPs@ee.columbia.edu; johnnie@ee.columbia.edu; bergman@ee.columbia.edu). H. L. R. Lira and M. Lipson are with the School

  12. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 25, NO. 10, MAY 15, 2013 899 Photonic Generation of a Phase-Coded Microwave

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    Yao, Jianping

    -Coded Microwave Waveform With Ultrawide Frequency Tunable Range Liang Gao, Student Member, IEEE, Xiangfei Chen-coded microwave waveform with ultrawide frequency tunable range using two polarization modulators (Pol signal with a switching voltage of V to PolM1, a phase-coded microwave waveform is generated. The key

  13. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 23, NO. 2, JANUARY 15, 2011 73 Continuous Wavelength Conversion of 40-Gb/s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Keren

    Member, IEEE, Johnnie Chan, Student Member, IEEE, Kishore Padmaraju, Student Member, IEEE, Aleksandr Biberman, Student Member, IEEE, Amy C. Foster, Member, IEEE, Mark A. Foster, Member, IEEE, Michal Lipson-mail: ophir@ee.columbia.edu; johnnie@ee.columbia.edu; kpad- mara@ee.columbia.edu; biberman

  14. 544 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 22, NO. 8, APRIL 15, 2010 Photonic Device Layout Within the Foundry CMOS

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    Ram, Rajeev J.

    the Foundry CMOS Design Environment Jason S. Orcutt and Rajeev J. Ram Abstract--A design methodology to layout photonic devices within standard electronic complementary metal­oxide­semicon- ductor (CMOS) foundry data preparation flows is described. This platform has enabled the fabrication of designs in three foundry scaled

  15. 314 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 23, NO. 5, MARCH 1, 2011 Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating for Chirped Microwave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    for Chirped Microwave Waveform Generation Ming Li, Member, IEEE, Li-Yang Shao, Jacques Albert, Member, IEEE shaper to generate a chirped microwave waveform in a spectral-shaping and wavelength-to-time (SS a TFBG into an SS-WTT system, a chirped microwave waveform is generated with the chirp rate determined

  16. 1694 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 23, NO. 22, NOVEMBER 15, 2011 A Continuously Tunable Microwave Fractional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    Microwave Fractional Hilbert Transformer Based on a Photonic Microwave Delay-Line Filter Using--A continuously tunable microwave fractional Hilbert transformer (FHT) implemented based on a photonic microwave the pass- band is achieved. Index Terms--Hilbert transform, microwave photonics, optical signal processing

  17. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 20, NO. 23, DECEMBER 1, 2008 1989 An Optical Approach to Microwave Frequency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    to Microwave Frequency Measurement With Adjustable Measurement Range and Resolution Xihua Zou and Jianping Yao, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--We propose an approach for the measurement of microwave frequency wavelengths with a large wavelength spacing are modulated by an unknown microwave signal in a Mach

  18. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 20, NO. 14, JULY 15, 2008 1249 An Approach to the Measurement of Microwave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    to the Measurement of Microwave Frequency Based on Optical Power Monitoring Hao Chi, Xihua Zou, and Jianping Yao, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--A novel approach to the measurement of microwave frequency based on optical power monitoring is proposed and demonstrated. The microwave signal with its frequency to be mea- sured

  19. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2005 2733 Width and Wavelength-Tunable Optical RZ Pulse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purdue University

    -Tunable Optical RZ Pulse Generation and RZ-to-NRZ Format Conversion at 10 GHz Using Spectral Line-by-Line Control, IEEE Abstract--We demonstrate a method for tunable optical return- to-zero (RZ) pulse generation on spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of a wavelength- tunable mode-locked laser. All-optical RZ

  20. 2496 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 16, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2004 Soft Lithography Replica Molding of Critically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yanyi

    Molding of Critically Coupled Polymer Microring Resonators Joyce K. S. Poon, Student Member, IEEE, Yanyi lithography replica molding to fabricate unclad polystyrene (PS) and clad SU-8 microring resonator filters of the microring resonator filters show the practicality of soft-lithography replica molding for the fabrication

  1. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 24, NO. 6, MARCH 15, 2012 473 40-Gb/s DPSK Data Transmission Through

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Keren

    Transmission Through a Silicon Microring Switch Lin Xu, Wenjia Zhang, Qi Li, Johnnie Chan, Student Member, IEEE-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) compatible platform enables low-cost mass production. These advantages have fostered many high; johnnie@ee.columbia.edu; bergman@ee.columbia.edu). H. L. R. Lira and M. Lipson are with the School

  2. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2005 2029 Linewidth Measurements of MEMS-Based Tunable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Joseph M.

    and the frequency noise spectrum method--to measure linewidths of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)-based tun) based on microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). We find that the two methods yield similar results of MEMS-Based Tunable Lasers for Phase-Locking Applications Ezra Ip, Joseph M. Kahn, Fellow, IEEE, Doug

  3. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 23, NO. 16, AUGUST 15, 2011 1103 DPSK Transmission Through Silicon Microring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Keren

    Silicon Microring Switch for Photonic Interconnection Networks Lin Xu, Johnnie Chan, Aleksandr Biberman provides the potential for low-cost mass pro- duction. These advantages have fostered a new generation

  4. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 20, NO. 4, FEBRUARY 15, 2008 315 Power Distribution of Phase-Modulated Microwave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    of Phase-Modulated Microwave Signals in a Dispersive Fiber-Optic Link Hao Chi and Jianping Yao, Senior the transmission of a phase-modulated microwave signal in a dispersive radio-over-fiber (RoF) link is presented. The presented model helps simplify the design and analysis of a phase-modulation-based microwave photonic link

  5. 898 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 19, NO. 12, JUNE 15, 2007 10-Gb/s Wavelength Transparent Optically Controlled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wai, Ping-kong Alexander

    Transparent Optically Controlled Buffer Using Photonic-Crystal-Fiber-Based Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror C. C they are stored in the memory for 2;4;. . . ; and 12 round-trips. Indepen- dent bit-error-rate (BER) measurements is wavelength transparent. For data packets stored in the C-band, the maximum power penalty after the data

  6. 1628 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 19, NO. 20, OCTOBER 15, 2007 Room-Temperature Operation of Buffer-Free

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jalali. Bahram

    for a hybrid As­Sb approach to devices operating between 1.6 and 3 m that might vastly im- prove heat spreading@chtm.unm.edu). Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/LPT.2007.904928 pumped GaSb­AlGaSb edge emitters and VCSELs grown on Si development of hybrid As-Sb VCSELs, avalanche photodiodes, and photonic integrated circuits. II. DEVICE DESIGN

  7. MScPhotonic Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molinari, Marc

    :none,butearlyapplicationadvised Funding:scholarshipsavailable: www.orc.southampton.ac.uk/sponsoredphd.html Fees Materials MEMS Sensors and Actuators Forfurtherinformationonthiscourse,pleasesearch:ORC MSc Photonics www.orc

  8. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 58, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2010 3259 Investigation of Photonically Assisted Microwave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 58, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2010 3259 Investigation of Photonically Assisted Microwave Frequency Multiplication Based on External Modulation Wangzhe Li, Student Member, IEEE, and Jianping Yao, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Microwave frequency

  9. 1790 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 20, NO. 21, NOVEMBER 1, 2008 Interrogation of a Long-Period Grating Sensor by a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    , and Jianping Yao, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--An interrogation technique for a long-period grating (LPG grating (AWG), the center wavelength of the LPG sensor is successfully measured using the linear--Arrayed waveguide grating (AWG), long-period grating (LPG), sensor interrogation. I. INTRODUCTION LONG

  10. 1914 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 24, NO. 21, NOVEMBER 1, 2012 Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Guifang

    Richardson, Jesús Liñares, Carlos Montero, Eduardo Mateo, Xiang Zhou, and Guifang Li, Senior Member, IEEE_may_arrioja@hotmail.com). J. Liñares and C. Montero are with the Faculty of Physics and the School of Optics and Optometry.linares.beiras@usc.es; carlos.montero@usc.es). E. Mateo is with the NEC Laboratory America, Princeton, NJ 08540 USA (e

  11. 3470 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 61, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2013 Photonic-Assisted Microwave Channelizer With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    3470 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 61, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2013 Photonic-Assisted Microwave Channelizer With Improved Channel Characteristics Based on Spectrum-Controlled Stimulated, Senior Member, IEEE, and Jianping Yao, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--A photonic-assisted microwave channelizer

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VT-2007-00572.R2 1 Exploiting Spectral Reuse in Routing,

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    Tseng, Yu-Chee

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VT-2007-00572.R2 1 Exploiting Spectral Reuse in Routing, Resource Allocation, and Scheduling for IEEE 802.16 Mesh Networks Lien-Wu Chen, Yu-Chee Tseng, Senior Member, IEEE, You-Chiun Wang, Member, IEEE, Da-Wei Wang, Member, IEEE, and Jan-Jan Wu Member, IEEE

  13. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 58, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2010 3269 Tunable Programmable Microwave Photonic Filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purdue University

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 58, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2010 3269 Tunable Programmable Microwave Photonic Filters Based on an Optical Frequency Comb Ehsan Hamidi, Student Member, IEEE the application of optical combs to implement tunable programmable microwave photonic filters. We design well

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 62, NO. 7, SEPTEMBER 2013 2919 Optimizing Electric Vehicle Charging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Jian "Neil"

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 62, NO. 7, SEPTEMBER 2013 2919 Optimizing Electric Vehicle Charging: A Customer's Perspective Chenrui Jin, Student Member, IEEE, Jian Tang, Member, IEEE, and Prasanta Ghosh, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Electric vehicles (EVs) are considered to be a promis- ing

  15. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 59, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2011 3531 Photonic Generation of Continuously Tunable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 59, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2011 3531 Photonic Generation of Continuously Tunable Chirped Microwave Waveforms Based on a Temporal Interferometer, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--A novel approach to generating a chirped microwave waveform

  16. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 58, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2010 3279 Nonuniformly Spaced Photonic Microwave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 58, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2010 3279 Nonuniformly Spaced Photonic Microwave Delay-Line Filters and Applications Yitang Dai and Jianping Yao, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--A finite impulse response (FIR) filter for microwave signal processing implemented

  17. 4002 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 54, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2006 Programmable Photonic Microwave Filters With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purdue University

    4002 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 54, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2006 Programmable Photonic Microwave Filters With Arbitrary Ultra-Wideband Phase Response Shijun Xiao, Member, IEEE for synthesis of programmable microwave phase filters over an ultra-wideband. Our scheme relies

  18. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 61, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2013 4275 Ultrahigh-Resolution Photonic-Assisted Microwave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 61, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2013 4275 Ultrahigh-Resolution Photonic-Assisted Microwave Frequency Identification Based on Temporal Channelization Chao Wang, Member, IEEE, and Jianping Yao, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Real-time ultrahigh-resolution microwave frequency

  19. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 4, MAY 2010 1779 Voice-Service Capacity Analysis for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Hai

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 4, MAY 2010 1779 Voice-Service Capacity Analysis for Cognitive Radio Networks Ping Wang, Member, IEEE, Dusit Niyato, Member, IEEE, and Hai Jiang, Member, IEEE Abstract--In this paper, quality-of-service (QoS) provisioning for voice service

  20. 1546 IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, VOL. 8, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2008 High Sensitivity Plastic-Substrate Photonic Crystal Biosensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Brian

    ]. Previously, photonic crystal optical biosensors have been fabricated on continuous sheets of plastic film1546 IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, VOL. 8, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2008 High Sensitivity Plastic-Substrate Photonic Crystal Biosensor Ian D. Block, Maria Pineda, Charles J. Choi, and Brian T. Cunningham Abstract

  1. Center for Photonic Communication and Computing Laboratory for Atomic and Photonic Technology L. A. P. T.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasio, Frederic A.

    . P. T. L. A. P. T. L. A. P. T. L. A. P. T. Manifestation of General Relativity in Practical for Atomic and Photonic Technology L. A. P. T. L. A. P. T. L. A. P. T. L. A. P. T. #12;Center for Photonic Communication and Computing Laboratory for Atomic and Photonic Technology L. A. P. T. L. A. P. T. L. A. P. T. L

  2. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 8, OCTOBER 2010 4043 A Generic Framework for Optimal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Hai

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 8, OCTOBER 2010 4043 A Generic Framework for Optimal Mobile Sensor Redeployment Zhong Shen, Yilin Chang, Hai Jiang, Member, IEEE, Yanling Wang

  3. Hybrid Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuit Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon evanescent devices,”and J. E. Bowers, “A hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescentColdren, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid III/V sili- con photonic

  4. 804 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 54, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2006 Photonic Generation of Microwave Signal Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    804 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 54, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2006 Photonic Generation of Microwave Signal Using a Dual-Wavelength Single-Longitudinal-Mode Fiber Ring Laser Xiangfei of high-fre- quency microwave signals using a dual-wavelength single-longitu- dinal-mode fiber ring laser

  5. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 54, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2006 763 Photonic Generation of Microwave Signal Using a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 54, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2006 763 Photonic Generation of Microwave Signal Using a Rational Harmonic Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Laser Zhichao Deng and Jianping Yao, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--A novel method for microwave signal generation using a rational

  6. IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linninger, Andreas A.

    belongs to the most challenging phases of the life- cycle of a process model [3]. Enabling technologies to sup- port life-cycle considerations are also analyzed in [4]. Com- puter-aided approaches for improved tools for supporting the work flow in model development. The MODELLER project [21] proposed a formal

  7. IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillespie, Brent

    , and light emitting diode brake- light messaging. These technologies all focus on improving the signal- ance, sensor, radar, fluorescence, light emitting diode. I. INTRODUCTION As a compromise between · Radar reflection-enhanced license plates · Vehicle-to-vehicle light emitting diode (LED) brake- light

  8. Preprint from: 2012 3rd IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe (ISGT Europe) Copyright 2012, IEEE Preprint page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    an option for slow refuel, at a convenient location and at a lower cost (e.g. a plug adjacent to one's homePreprint from: 2012 3rd IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe (ISGT Europe) Copyright energy transferred (in watt-hours), minimization of component costs, long lifetime and safety

  9. Published in the Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Information and Communications Technology, 2007, IEEE Press, December 2007, Cairo, Egypt, pp 309 -314.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Javed I.

    and Communications Technology, 2007, IEEE Press, December 2007, Cairo, Egypt, pp 309 -314. 1 Abstract-- In virtual

  10. Text of article published in IEEE Smart Grid, March 2012. http://smartgrid.ieee.org/march-2012/527-microgrids-an-emerging-technology-to-enhance-power-system-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Text of article published in IEEE Smart Grid, March 2012. http://smartgrid.ieee.org/march-2012/527-microgrids-an-emerging-technology-to-enhance-power-system- reliability Title: Microgrids: An emerging solution to combat reduced power reliability Authors: Siddharth Suryanarayanan, Elias Kyriakides

  11. 0018-9162/02/$17.00 2002 IEEE42 Computer 2001 Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahng, Andrew B.

    0018-9162/02/$17.00 © 2002 IEEE42 Computer 2001 Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors F or the past" of its R&D needs out to a 15-year horizon. As such, the Roadmap provides a guide to the efforts. Since its inception in 1992 as the National Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (NTRS), the Roadmap

  12. IEEE Vehicular Technology Chapter Presentation Recent Advances in Body Area Networks and Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Min

    Applications for Internet of Things Professor Min Chen School of Computer Science and Technology Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China Abstract: The Internet of Things (IoT), the ultimate communications and Internet of Things, etc. He is an IEEE Senior Member since 2009. DATE: Monday, April 16, 2012

  13. IEEE Dallas Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jian

    2007 IEEE Dallas Engineering in Medicine and Biology Workshop #12; 2007 IEEE Dallas Engineering in Medicine and Biology Workshop Emerging Technologies for Healthcare OF THE IEEE ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY SOCIETY i #12;Abstract- The lack of suitable scaffolding

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY 1 Generalized B Pictures and the Draft H.264/AVC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flierl, Markus

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY 1 Generalized B Pictures, IEEE Invited Paper Abstract-- This paper reviews recent advances in using B pictures in the context of the draft H.264/AVC video com- pression standard. We focus on reference picture selection and linearly

  15. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, 2008 (to appear). 1 Vertical Handoff Decision Algorithms for Providing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    future, vehicular and other mobile applications will expect seamless vertical handoff between (APs)) but also to maximize the collective battery lifetime of Mobile Nodes (MNs). In addition, when adIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, 2008 (to appear). 1 Vertical Handoff Decision Algorithms

  16. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY (TO APPEAR) 1 Energy-Efficient Cooperative Communication in A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY (TO APPEAR) 1 Energy-Efficient Cooperative Communication-cluster distances. Comparisons with direct (non-cooperative) transmission schemes demonstrate a significant energy-saving advantage of the proposed cooperative scheme. Index Terms-- Cooperative communication, energy efficiency

  17. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 58, NO. 4, MAY 2009 2103 Fig. 2. MSEs of the two methods versus Eb/N0.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 58, NO. 4, MAY 2009 2103 Fig. 2. MSEs of the two to carrier frequency offset and Wiener phase noise," IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 43, no. 234, pp. 191­193, Feb-band systems using OFDM--Part I," IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 1668­1677, Nov. 1999. [3] M. Speth

  18. IEEE 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    -State Kalman and Alpha-Beta Filter Design JOHN H. PAINTER, Senior Member, IEEE Xxas A & M University DAVID KERSTETTER, Member, IEEE General Dynamics, Pomona Division STEVE JOWERS McDonnell-Douglas Astronautics Co. The deterministic design of the ?Alpha... October 12, 1989. IEEE Log No. 39260. Authors? addresses: J. H. Painter, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, ?Exas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3128; D. Kerstetter, MZ 50-6, Dept. 6-257, General Dynamics, Pomona Div., P.O. Box 2507, Pomona...

  19. New solar cell technology captures high-energy photons more efficientl...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (click to enlarge) Argonne's Center for Nanoscale Materials (click to enlarge) New solar cell technology captures high-energy photons more efficiently By Jared Sagoff *...

  20. IEEE 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    pointwise sum or pointwise Max{.) functions. Bellman and Zadehf3] early examined both representations. 0191-2216/93/$3.00 (0 1993 IEEE 1767 Bayes Form of Fuzzy Control Considering multiple-input, single-output control, define the input sensor variables.... Downloaded on February 18,2010 at 14:19:43 EST from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply. I 'I boundaries are fuzzy. As designers, we will choose the events to be unique and then do our best to model the Ai as vector-space subsets. Equation-(1...

  1. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EDUCATION, VOL. 44, NO. 2, MAY 2001 203 Technology Education Challenges and Solutions in Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EDUCATION, VOL. 44, NO. 2, MAY 2001 203 Technology Education Challenges--Information technology education, Latin America, technology education I. SUMMARY The world has become dependent (IT&T), a term that encompasses the fields of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Computer

  2. 1120 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 64, NO. 3, MARCH 2015 Feel Bored? Join Verse! Engineering Vehicular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

    1120 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 64, NO. 3, MARCH 2015 Feel Bored? Join Verse on highways. Verse enables passengers onboard vehicles to share the content information, such as travel blogs was coordinated by Dr. P. Lin. T. H. Luan is with the School of Information Technology, Deakin University, Burwood

  3. Web Portal for Photonic Technologies Using Grid Infrastructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. V. Astsatryan; T. V. Gevorgyan; A. R. Shahinyan

    2013-01-09

    The modeling of physical processes is an integral part of scientific and technical research. In this area, the Extendible C++ Application in Quantum Technologies (ECAQT) package provides the numerical simulations and modeling of complex quantum systems in the presence of decoherence with wide applications in photonics. It allows creating models of interacting complex systems and simulates their time evolution with a number of available time-evolution drivers. Physical simulations involving massive amounts of calculations are often executed on distributed computing infrastructures. It is often difficult for non expert users to use such computational infrastructures or even to use advanced libraries over the infrastructures, because they often require being familiar with middleware and tools, parallel programming techniques and packages. The P-RADE Grid Portal is a Grid portal solution that allows users to manage the whole life-cycle for executing a parallel application on the computing Grid infrastructures. The article describes the functionality and the structure of the web portal based on ECAQT package.

  4. 314 JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 27, NO. 3, FEBRUARY 1, 2009 Microwave Photonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    314 JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 27, NO. 3, FEBRUARY 1, 2009 Microwave Photonics Jianping and distribution of microwave and millimeter-wave signals for applications such as broadband wireless access. In this tutorial, techniques developed in the last few years in microwave photonics are reviewed with an emphasis

  5. Time resolved single photon imaging in Nanometer Scale CMOS technology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Justin Andrew

    2010-06-28

    Time resolved imaging is concerned with the measurement of photon arrival time. It has a wealth of emerging applications including biomedical uses such as fluorescence lifetime microscopy and positron emission tomography, ...

  6. The Importance of Photonics Technology | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at Global Research. I would like to further highlight the importance of Photonics and Optics by pointing to a recent report written by the US National Academies with the help of...

  7. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 58, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2009 865 Vertical Handoff Decision Algorithms for Providing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and other mobile applications will be expected to have seamless VHO between heterogeneous access networks.g., base stations and access points) but also maximize the collective battery lifetime of mobile nodes (MNsIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 58, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2009 865 Vertical Handoff

  8. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPONENTS AND PACKAGING TECHNOLOGIES, VOL. 28, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2005 615 Parameterized Physical Compact Thermal Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPONENTS AND PACKAGING TECHNOLOGIES, VOL. 28, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2005 615 properties. While most compact modeling approaches facilitate thermal characteriza- tion of existing package level and the package level. We show that our modeling method achieves reasonable boundary condition

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 7, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 1999 567 Centrifugal Compressor Surge and Speed Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 7, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 1999 567 Centrifugal of the compressor. First a low-order centrifugal compressor model is presented where the states are mass flow] showed that it is also applicable to centrifugal compressors. The model has two states, normalized mass

  10. 2120 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 5, JUNE 2010 Outage Probability of Multiuser Relay Networks in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkashlan, Maged

    2120 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 5, JUNE 2010 Outage Probability and exact analysis is conducted to analyze the outage probability of MRNs under dissimilar Nakagami-m fading conditions. More specifically, we derive new closed-form expressions for the outage probability and the prob

  11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY 1 Feed-Forward Control of Open Channel Flow Using Differential Flatness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ] or simplified versions of these equations to describe 1-D hydraulic systems. Water level regulation and controlIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY 1 Feed-Forward Control of Open Channel Flow Using--This brief derives a method for open-loop control of open channel flow, based on the Hayami model

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 64, NO. 1, JANUARY 2015 303 A Practical PSM Scheme for Varying Server Delay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiao, Daji

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 64, NO. 1, JANUARY 2015 303 A Practical PSM Scheme such as the 802.11 power saving mode (PSM) have been used to limit the amount of time a NIC is awake, PSM may negatively impact packet delay. These delays are also unbounded and can significantly increase

  13. 1154 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 48, NO. 4, JULY/AUGUST 2012 A Comparison of Smart Grid Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simões, Marcelo Godoy

    of Smart Grid Technologies and Progresses in Europe and the U.S. Marcelo Godoy Simões, Senior Member, IEEE the electric power grid. The U.S. federal government has ratified the "smart grid initiative" as the official. This paper presents the development of smart grids and an analysis of the methodologies, milestones

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 1, NO. 1, JUNE 2010 99 Security Technology for Smart Grid Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Fei

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 1, NO. 1, JUNE 2010 99 Security Technology for Smart Grid for a smart grid system, including public key infrastructures and trusted computing. Index Terms--Attestation, public key infrastructure (PKI), Su- pervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA), security, smart grid

  15. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 54, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 2005 1623 An Ultra-Wideband Transceiver Architecture for Low

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    Terms--Digital radio, impulse radio, low power, transceiver, ultra-wideband. I. INTRODUCTION.2005.854021 ultra-wideband signaling suitable for low power operation uses short pulses, on the orderIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 54, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 2005 1623 An Ultra

  16. 1664 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 64, NO. 5, MAY 2015 Real-Time Path Planning Based on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

    utilization and drivers' travel cost. Index Terms--Hybrid VANETs, path planning, spatial utiliza- tion, travel1664 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 64, NO. 5, MAY 2015 Real-Time Path Planning planning can efficiently relieve traffic congestion in urban scenarios. However, how to design an efficient

  17. IEEE TRANSACTION ON CONTROL SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY, VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 2003 1 Control of Natural Gas Catalytic Partial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng, Huei

    IEEE TRANSACTION ON CONTROL SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY, VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 2003 1 Control of Natural Gas that reforms natural gas to hydrogen-rich mixture to feed the anode field of fuel cell stack is considered partial oxidation of the methane in the natural gas. We present a model-based control analysis and design

  18. 3290 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 60, NO. 7, SEPTEMBER 2011 Itinerary Planning for Energy-Efficient Agent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Min

    , under the Information Technology Research Center support program supervised by the National IT Industry Council of Canada; and by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean for Energy-Efficient Agent Communications in Wireless Sensor Networks Min Chen, Senior Member, IEEE, Laurence

  19. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 58, NO. 6, JULY 2009 2909 On Balancing Energy Consumption in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boutaba, Raouf

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 58, NO. 6, JULY 2009 2909 On Balancing Energy--Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) require protocols that make judicious use of the limited energy capacity of the sensor nodes. In this paper, the potential performance improve- ment gained by balancing the traffic

  20. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 62, NO. 3, MARCH 2013 1065 Electromagnetic Energy-Harvesting Shock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuo, Lei

    in part by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority and in part by the State the electrical demand to the car alternators and, thus, reduce the engine's workload (see Fig. 1). EnergyIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 62, NO. 3, MARCH 2013 1065 Electromagnetic Energy

  1. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN BIOMEDICINE, VOL. 00, NO. 00, 2011 1 ISWLS: Novel Algorithm for Image

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lambropoulou, Sofia

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN BIOMEDICINE, VOL. 00, NO. 00, 2011 1 ISWLS: Novel Algorithm for Image Reconstruction in PET E. Karali, S. Pavlopoulos, S. Lambropoulou, and D. Koutsouris least- squares (WLS) acceleration of the reconstruction process. We used phantom data from a prototype

  2. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, VOL. 25, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2006 211 Microfluidics-Based Biochips: Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

    , FEBRUARY 2006 211 Microfluidics-Based Biochips: Technology Issues, Implementation Platforms, and Design, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Microfluidics-based biochips are soon expected to revolutionize clinical diagnosis microfluidics offers a scalable system architecture and dynamic reconfigurability; groups of unit cells

  3. IEEE Spectrum, Vol. 38, No. 9, Sept. 2001 Congress Needs Nonpartisan Advice on Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peha, Jon M.

    1 IEEE Spectrum, Vol. 38, No. 9, Sept. 2001 Congress Needs Nonpartisan Advice on Science-conveners included the IEEE, and other large professional societies, top universities, and prestigious think tanks. 1 Technologists and Policy-makers," IEEE Spectrum, Vol. 38, No. 3, March 2001, pp. 15­17. #12;2 Workshop attendees

  4. Photonics.com Spectra Home Technology World Innovative Products Business World Presstime Bulletin Article Abstracts Accent on Applications Photonics Research Subs Accent on Applications | September 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suslick, Kenneth S.

    Article Enter search term Entire SiteExplore Photonics.com Page 1 of 4Testing (and Tasting) Beer on Sight of Kenneth S. Suslick. "This technology might be termed an `optoelectronic nose' or an `optoelectronic tongue

  5. Ultra-fast heralded single photon source based on telecom technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutfi Arif Ngah; Olivier Alibart; Laurent Labonté; Virginia D'Auria; Sébastien Tanzilli

    2014-12-17

    The realization of an ultra-fast source of heralded single photons emitted at the wavelength of 1540 nm is reported. The presented strategy is based on state-of-the-art telecom technology, combined with off-the-shelf fiber components and waveguide non-linear stages pumped by a 10 GHz repetition rate laser. The single photons are heralded at a rate as high as 2.1 MHz with a heralding efficiency of 42%. Single photon character of the source is inferred by measuring the second-order autocorrelation function. For the highest heralding rate, a value as low as 0.023 is found. This not only proves negligible multi-photon contributions but also represents the best measured value reported to date for heralding rates in the MHz regime. These prime performances, associated with a device-like configuration, are key ingredients for both fast and secure quantum communication protocols.

  6. Precision X-Band Linac Technologies for Nuclear Photonics Gamma-Ray Sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartemann, F V; Albert, F; Anderson, S G; Bayramian, A J; Cross, R R; Ebbers, C A; Gibson, D J; Houck, T L; Marsh, R A; Messerly, M J; Siders, C W; McNabb, D P; Barty, C J; Adolphsen, C E; Chu, T S; Jongewaard, E N; Tantawi, S G; Vlieks, A E; Wang, F; Wang, J W; Raubenheimer, T O; Ighigeanu, D; Toma, M; Cutoiu, D

    2011-08-31

    Nuclear photonics is an emerging field of research requiring new tools, including high spectral brightness, tunable gamma-ray sources; high photon energy, ultrahigh-resolution crystal spectrometers; and novel detectors. This presentation focuses on the precision linac technology required for Compton scattering gamma-ray light sources, and on the optimization of the laser and electron beam pulse format to achieve unprecedented spectral brightness. Within this context, high-gradient X-band technology will be shown to offer optimal performance in a compact package, when used in conjunction with the appropriate pulse format, and photocathode illumination and interaction laser technologies. The nascent field of nuclear photonics is enabled by the recent maturation of new technologies, including high-gradient X-band electron acceleration, robust fiber laser systems, and hyper-dispersion CPA. Recent work has been performed at LLNL to demonstrate isotope-specific detection of shielded materials via NRF using a tunable, quasi-monochromatic Compton scattering gamma-ray source operating between 0.2 MeV and 0.9 MeV photon energy. This technique is called Fluorescence Imaging in the Nuclear Domain with Energetic Radiation (or FINDER). This work has, among other things, demonstrated the detection of {sup 7}Li shielded by Pb, utilizing gamma rays generated by a linac-driven, laser-based Compton scattering gamma-ray source developed at LLNL. Within this context, a new facility is currently under construction at LLNL, with the goal of generating tunable {gamma}-rays in the 0.5-2.5 MeV photon energy range, at a repetition rate of 120 Hz, and with a peak brightness in the 10{sup 20} photons/(s x mm{sup 2} x mrad{sup 2} x 0.1% bw).

  7. , Member, IEEE , Member, IEEE , Student Member, IEEE , Fellow, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajimiri, Ali

    , Member, IEEE , Member, IEEE , Student Member, IEEE , Fellow, IEEE Abstract-- Index Terms-- #12;et Measurements Under Stress #12;et al. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits et al. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits et al. IEEE A-SSCC Tech. Dig. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuits Conf. Tech. Dig

  8. EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES Two-photon excitation chlorophyll fluorescence lifetime imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Jianan

    at higher Cd concentration was clearly identified. The decay of chlorophyll fluorescence extracted from) toxicity Abbreviations Cd Cadmium PS Photosystem LHCII Light-harvesting complex II PAM Pulse and Computer Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), Clear Water Bay, Kowloon

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 20, NO. Y, MONTH 2012 1 Motion Control of the CyberCarpet Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 20, NO. Y, MONTH 2012 1 Motion Control", Roma, Italy; MPI for Biological Cybernetics, T¨ubingen, Germany; # Institute for Applied Mechanics, Tech- nical University of Munich, M¨unchen, Germany; Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Z

  10. Development of the Pixelated Photon Detector Using Silicon on Insulator Technology for TOF-PET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koyama, Akihiro; Takahashi, Hiroyuki; Orita, Tadashi; Arai, Yasuo; Kurachi, Ikuo; Miyoshi, Toshinobu; Nio, Daisuke; Hamasaki, Ryutaro

    2015-01-01

    To measure light emission pattern in scintillator, higher sensitivity and faster response are required to photo detector. Such as single photon avalanche diode (SPAD), conventional pixelated photo detector is operated at Geiger avalanche multiplication. However higher gain of SPAD seems very attractive, photon detection efficiency per unit area is low. This weak point is mainly caused by Geiger avalanche mechanism. To overcome these difficulties, we designed Pixelated Linear Avalanche Integration Detector using Silicon on Insulator technology (SOI-Plaid). To avoid dark count noise and dead time comes from quench circuit, we are planning to use APD in linear multiplication mode. SOI technology enables laminating readout circuit and APD layer, and high-speed and low-noise signal reading regardless smaller gain of linear APD. This study shows design of linear APD by using SOI fabrication process. We designed test element group (TEG) of linear APD and inspected optimal structure of linear APD.

  11. JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 25, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2007 3283 Tunable Photonic Microwave Bandpass Filter With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 25, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2007 3283 Tunable Photonic Microwave, Member, OSA Abstract--A continuously tunable photonic microwave band- pass filter with positive at different physical locations in the LCFBGs. A two-tap microwave bandpass filter with a free spectral range

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 52, NO. 3, MARCH 2005 305 Hydrogen Sensitivity of InP HEMTs With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Alamo, Jesús A.

    P HEMTs With WSiN-Based Gate Stack Samuel D. Mertens, Jesús A. del Alamo, Tetsuya Suemitsu, Member, IEEE. A. del Alamo is with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cam- bridge, MA 02138 USA (e-mail: alamo@mit.edu). T. Suemitsu and T. Enoki are with the Photonics Laboratory, Nippon Tele- graph

  13. 226 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 19, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2009 A Hardware Architecture for Real-Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lunds Universitet

    226 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 19, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2009 A Hardware Architecture for Real-Time Video Segmentation Utilizing Memory Reduction Techniques Hongtu Jiang results and hardware efficiency. In addition, to achieve real-time performance with high resolution video

  14. 2 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPONENTS, PACKAGING, AND MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY--PART B, VOL. 20, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 1997 A Novel Test Technique for MCM Substrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swaminathan, Madhavan

    2 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPONENTS, PACKAGING, AND MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY--PART B, VOL. 20, NO. 1 packages provide a means for interconnect- ing, powering, cooling, and protecting integrated circuit (IC chips or between other discrete components, mounted on the package. Since semiconductor chips

  15. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 20, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2010 223 Object Tracking in Structured Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Yuan F.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 20, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2010 223 Object Tracking in Structured Environments for Video Surveillance Applications Junda Zhu, Student Member tracking method for effec- tively tracking objects in structured environments. The tracking method finds

  16. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 11, NO. 5, MAY 2001 603 Semantic Video Object Extraction Using Four-Band

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gatica-Perez, Daniel

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 11, NO. 5, MAY 2001 603 the problem of multiple semantic video object (SVO) extraction as an issue of designing extensive opera- tors- rates an edge-driven marker extraction algorithm and a growing method which integrates both color

  17. 86 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPONENTS, PACKAGING AND MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 3, NO. 1, JANUARY 2013 Performance of Online and Offset Micro Pin-Fin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandlikar, Satish

    design temperature (thermal energy generated by them should be up to 288 W. This implies86 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPONENTS, PACKAGING AND MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 3, NO. 1, JANUARY in these configurations. The bottom wall temperature profile along the flow length, overall thermal resistances, pressure

  18. in Integrated Passive Component Technology, R. Ulrich and L. Schaper editors, Wiley-IEEE Press, 2003. 13. The Economics of Embedded Passives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandborn, Peter

    1 in Integrated Passive Component Technology, R. Ulrich and L. Schaper editors, Wiley-IEEE Press, 2003. 13. The Economics of Embedded Passives Peter A. Sandborn CALCE Electronic Products and Systems, testing, marketing, sustainment, and end-of-life of the product. The decision to convert discrete passives

  19. IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, pp. 2048-2052, October 2001, Atlantic City, New Jersey Performance of Smart Antennas with Adaptive Combining at Handsets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Dong S.

    IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, pp. 2048-2052, October 2001, Atlantic City, New Jersey 2048 Performance of Smart Antennas with Adaptive Combining at Handsets for the 3GPP WCDMA System Suk Won Kim1 the performance gain of dual smart antennas with an adaptive combining at handsets for the 3GPP WCDMA system

  20. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 22, NO. 19, OCTOBER 1, 2010 1449 Photonic Implementation of Quantum Relay and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Djordjevic, Ivan B.

    states and quantum relay. We describe how to implement them in integrated op- tics. Finally, we study-qubit quantum gate in integrated op- tics based on single: (a) Mach-Zehnder interferometer and (b) optical

  1. 2568 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 16, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2004 Automatic Tunable Chromatic Dispersion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noé, Reinhold

    -to-zero amplitude-shift keying (NRZ-ASK), carrier-suppressed return-to-zero (CSRZ)-ASK, NRZ differential phase formats including nonreturn-to-zero amplitude-shift keying (NRZ-ASK), carrier- suppressed return. numerically in [10] at 43 Gb/s. To our knowledge, we report for the first time an automatic CD compensation

  2. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2005 483 Synchronously Pumped Optical Parametric Oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Ursula

    , and D. J. Richardson are with the Optoelec- tronics Research Center (ORC), University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, U.K. (e-mail: anm@orc.soton.ac.uk; djr@orc.soton.ac.uk). Digital Object Identifier 10

  3. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING 1 Image Sensor Noise Parameter Estimation by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hesser, Jürgen

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING 1 Image Sensor Noise Parameter Estimation by Variance-independent electric and thermal noise is decreasing [4], and photon noise is becoming the main Copyright (c) 2014 IEEE must be obtained from the IEEE by sending a request to pubs-permissions@ieee.org. This work

  4. 2012 IEEE. Reprinted, with permission, from B.J. Williamson, M.A. Redfern and R.K. Aggarwal, Project Edison: SMART-DC, IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT-EUROPE 2011) December 2011. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    , intelligent demand management, micro-generation, smart grid. I. INTRODUCTION N the late 19th century, Nikola, Project Edison: SMART-DC, IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT-EUROPE 2011) December 2011 of a DC network. Demand offsetting using the flexibility of energy storage has been demonstrated with real

  5. Photon Physics and Plasma Research, WILGA 2012; EuCARD Sessions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romaniuk, R S

    2012-01-01

    Wilga Sessions on HEP experiments, astroparticle physica and accelerator technology were organized under the umbrella of the EU FP7 Project EuCARD – European Coordination for Accelerator Research and Development. This paper is the third part (out of five) of the research survey of WILGA Symposium work, May 2012 Edition, concerned with Photon Physics and Plasma Research. It presents a digest of chosen technical work results shown by young researchers from different technical universities from this country during the Jubilee XXXth SPIE-IEEE Wilga 2012, May Edition, symposium on Photonics and Web Engineering. Topical tracks of the symposium embraced, among others, nanomaterials and nanotechnologies for photonics, sensory and nonlinear optical fibers, object oriented design of hardware, photonic metrology, optoelectronics and photonics applications, photonics-electronics co-design, optoelectronic and electronic systems for astronomy and high energy physics experiments, JET tokamak and pi-of-the sky experiments ...

  6. Photons & Fusion Newsletter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    June 2013 Photons & Fusion is a monthly review of science and technology at the National Ignition Facility & Photon Science Directorate. For more information, submit a question....

  7. Membrane technology for the fabrication of three-dimensional photonic crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Amil Ashok, 1979-

    2010-01-01

    Three-dimensional photonic crystals hold tremendous promise toward the realization of truly integrated photonic circuits on a single substrate. Nanofabrication techniques currently limit the ability to create the multilayer ...

  8. 368 IEEE JOURNAL OF PHOTOVOLTAICS, VOL. 4, NO. 1, JANUARY 2014 The Impact of Silicon CCD Photon Spread on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be achieved. Short-pass filtering provides partial correction of the photon spread with the advantage material at all stages of fabrication, from bricks and as-cut wafers to complete solar cells for Sustainable Energy Systems, Australian National University, Canberra, A.C.T. 2602, Australia (e-mail: daniel

  9. 1166 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT, VOL. 48, NO. 6, DECEMBER 1999 A Multichannel Photon Counting System for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Athens, University of

    of which are in the fields of medical electronics (confocal microscopy) and bio-electronics, air pollution. Index Terms-- Air pollution, laser gas sensor, multichannel gas monitoring, optoelectronic measurement a multichannel photon- counting system for the in situ quantitative monitoring of up to five air pollutants

  10. 4182 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 28, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2013 A Technology Overview of the PowerChip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Alamo, Jesús A.

    Alamo, Fellow, IEEE, Gary DesGroseilliers, Florian Herrault, Member, IEEE, Jeffrey H. Lang, Fellow, IEEE Editor C. O'Mathuna. M. Araghchini, D. Jin, S. Lim, B. Lu, D. Piedra, M. Sun, J. A. del Alamo, G. Des.edu; dpiedra@mit.edu; minsun@mit.edu; alamo@mit.edu; gjd@mit.edu; lang@mit.edu; otten@mit.edu; tpalacios

  11. Linear, Low Noise Microwave Photonic Systems using Phase and Frequency Modulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyrwas, John Michael

    2012-01-01

    ii List of Figures Microwave photonics frequencies ofof signal propagation in a microwave photonic link. The out-optical FM-FDM Gb/s microwave PSK signals,” IEEE Photonics

  12. IEEE Builds Better Young Professionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Honor 2013 Co-founder, Qualcomm, Inc. B. Jayant Baliga IEEE Medal of Honor 2013 Transformed Power;RENEWABLE ENERGY How we've grown: IEEE covers all areas of technology SMART GRID AEROSPACECOMMUNICATIONS agencies · Communications and energy labs · Patent offices and scientific councils · Government R&D centers

  13. PHOTONIC NANOJET PHOTONIC NANOJET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poon, Andrew Wing On

    PHOTONIC NANOJET SCANNING MICROSCOPY PHOTONIC NANOJET SCANNING MICROSCOPY Project Members: LEE Yi Final Year Project (2004 ­ 2005) #12;OVERVIEW Photonic nanojet Photonic nanojet measurement Conventional Photonic Nanojet Scanning MicroscopePhotonic Nanojet Scanning Microscope AFM tip scanning AFM tip scanning

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 16, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2008 1265 Sensor Fusion for Improved Control of Piezoelectric

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    Fleming, Andrew J.

    for Improved Control of Piezoelectric Tube Scanners Andrew J. Fleming, Member, IEEE, Adrian G. Wills, and S. O. Reza Moheimani, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--In nanopositioning applications, capacitive or in is required. In this study, a capacitive displacement sensor is used with a piezoelectric strain voltage

  15. 4976 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 58, NO. 9, NOVEMBER 2009 Hybrid Geographic Routing for Flexible

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    Chen, Min

    Routing for Flexible Energy-Delay Tradeoff Min Chen, Member, IEEE, Victor C. M. Leung, Fellow, IEEE in a flexible manner. To further facilitate a tradeoff between energy consumption and end- to-end delay, we constraints on the average end-to-end delay of specific applications while minimizing energy consumption

  16. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN BIOMEDICINE, VOL. 14, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2010 1397 Trustworthy Data Collection From Implantable

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    Hu, Fei

    hardware description language is studied based on industry Standard IEEE 1363 to increase the speed of key access trust model. Index Terms--Implantable medical devices (IMDs), industry Standard IEEE 1363, medical such as pacemak- ers, insulin pump, and brain neurostimulators can be used for a Manuscript received January 29

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    Sessler, Andrew M.

    2008-01-01

    diverse pairs of particles are produced. In photon-photon colliders. the intensity of the light is so strongunpolarized electrons or photons and fully polarized photons

  18. Multitap Microwave Photonic Filter With Negative Coefficients Based on the Inherent

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    Yao, Jianping

    Multitap Microwave Photonic Filter With Negative Coefficients Based on the Inherent Birefringence, IEEE DOI: 10.1109/JPHOT.2013.2265981 1943-0655/$31.00 Ó2013 IEEE #12;Multitap Microwave Photonic Filter 2 Microwave Photonics Research Laboratory, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

  19. JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 32, NO. 20, OCTOBER 15 2014 3637 Photonic Generation of Microwave Waveforms Based

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    Yao, Jianping

    of Microwave Waveforms Based on a Polarization Modulator in a Sagnac Loop Weilin Liu, Student Member, IEEE, and Jianping Yao, Fellow, IEEE, Fellow, OSA Abstract--An optical microwave waveform generator using a polarization modulator (PolM) in a Sagnac loop is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Microwave waveforms

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    Lischinski, Dani

    Photon Maps Photon Tracing Simulating light propagation by shooting photons from the light sources. Photon Tracing Storing the incidences of photon's path. Implementing surface properties statistically. Russian Roulette. Photon Tracing Photon maps keep: Incidence point (in 3D). The normal at that point

  1. Non-pollutingAutomobiles IEEE transactions on Vehicular TechnologY, VOL 43, No 4, Nov 94

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    salt heat storage A high speed flywheel with a small permanent magnet motor/generator has more. A flywheel/motor/generator system for automobiles becomes now practical, because of the technological) does cause pollution during its generation. However the centrally generated pollutants can

  2. Dong, A. and A.M. Agogino, "Designing an Untethered Educational Digital Library" (with A. Dong), Proceedings of the IEEE International Workshop on Wireless and Mobile Technologies in Education (WMTE 2003).

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    Agogino, Alice M.

    for "anytime, anywhere" access to resources from educational digital libraries, the reality is that learners an Untethered Educational Digital Library" (with A. Dong), Proceedings of the IEEE International Workshop on Wireless and Mobile Technologies in Education (WMTE 2003). Designing an Untethered Educational Digital

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    Cai, Long

    is that it can be used to generate 2- or 3D subsurface images of many materials that are otherwise opaque electronic sources and lower in frequency than most optical sources. However, recent advances in photonics, new semiconductor growth structures have yielded continuous wave (CW) lasers -- specifically quantum

  4. IEEE Workshop on Emergent Technologies and Virtual Systems for Instrumentation and Measurement

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    Siegel, Mel

    inspection well before any risk to flight safety is deemed to exist. Nevertheless there have been mishaps the risk of an Aloha­type failure is now regarded as neutralized by new procedures and technologies. Never­ theless, there is room for improvement: current human labor­intensive inspection methods are expensive

  5. 34 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 16, NO. 1, JANUARY 2008 Coordinate Control of Energy Saving

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    Yao, Bin

    increasingly widespread: is it possible to reduce the energy usage while keeping the desired control of Energy Saving Programmable Valves Song Liu and Bin Yao, Member, IEEE Abstract--As applications of electro and significant energy saving schemes gets stronger and stronger. The recently developed energy-saving pro

  6. 1554 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 61, NO. 4, MAY 2012 Analytical Approach for the Power Management of

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    Mi, Chunting "Chris"

    the minimum system loss for a given mechanical power output, and a piecewise linear fuel consumption model for the Power Management of Blended-Mode Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Menyang Zhang, Member, IEEE, Yan Yang for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and plug-in HEVs (PHEV). A vehicle power distribution density function

  7. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 49, NO. 3, MAY 2000 1029 Performance Analysis of a Downlink MAC Protocol

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    Chamzas, Christodoulos

    of a Downlink MAC Protocol with Power-Saving Support Apostolis K. Salkintzis, Member, IEEE, and Christodoulos protocol, which features power-saving character- istics and has been previously proposed [3], [7 makes it different from the other power-saving alternatives, is that it does not require system

  8. 74 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 5, NO. 1, JANUARY 1997 Robust Wide-Range Control of

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    Ray, Asok

    -6536(97)02249-5. government regulations on the emission standard and intense competition by independent power producers-Range Control of Steam-Electric Power Plants Chen-Kuo Weng and Asok Ray, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract-range robust control of commercial-scale steam-electric power plants. In the proposed methodology

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 50, NO. 1, JANUARY 2001 125 The Application of Neural Networks to Fuel

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    Stengel, Robert F.

    , IEEE Abstract--Passenger vehicles fueled by hydrocarbons or alco- hols and powered by proton exchange than, but retains the reliability and ease of use of, conventional industrial controllers. The proposed in parallel with a conventional proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller. A computer simulation

  10. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 63, NO. 4, MAY 2014 1581 Design Methodology of LLC Resonant Converters

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    Mi, Chunting "Chris"

    Resonant Converters for Electric Vehicle Battery Chargers Junjun Deng, Student Member, IEEE, Siqi Li-ion battery charger of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) is presented. Unlike traditional resistive of 250­450 V at 3.3 kW with a peak efficiency of 98.2%. Index Terms--Battery charger, DC­DC converter

  11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 61, NO. 1, JANUARY 2012 111 Reducing Greenhouse Effects via Fuel

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    Chuah, Chen-Nee

    Effects via Fuel Consumption-Aware Variable Speed Limit (FC-VSL) Bojin Liu, Dipak Ghosal, Member, IEEE of climate change and the ever-increasing demand for fossil fuels, the ability to reduce vehicular carbon a carbon- footprint/fuel-consumption-aware variable-speed limit (FC-VSL) traffic control scheme

  12. 496 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 57, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2009 Chirped Microwave Pulse Compression Using

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    Yao, Jianping

    496 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 57, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2009 Chirped Microwave Pulse Compression Using a Photonic Microwave Filter With a Nonlinear Phase Response Chao Wang, Student Member, IEEE, and Jianping Yao, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Chirped microwave pulse compression

  13. Microwave andTerahertz Generation Based on Photonically Assisted Microwave Frequency

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    Yao, Jianping

    Microwave andTerahertz Generation Based on Photonically Assisted Microwave Frequency Twelvetupling Member, IEEE DOI: 10.1109/JPHOT.2010.2084993 1943-0655/$26.00 ©2010 IEEE #12;Microwave and Terahertz Generation Based on Photonically Assisted Microwave Frequency Twelvetupling With Large Tunability Wangzhe Li

  14. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 20, NO. 23, DECEMBER 1, 2008 1905 A Magnetically Actuated Resonant Mass Sensor With

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    Alaca, B. Erdem

    of the resonating structure and the diffraction grating by electroplating of Ni, which also brings about motion. The typical surface roughness associated with the electroplating of Ni as the moving reflector

  15. 16 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 18, NO. 1, JANUARY 1, 2006 Crosstalk-Minimized Polymeric 2 2

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    Chen, Ray

    because they can be easily manipulated by methods such as molding, sawing, and dry etching. Additionally SPAWAR under Contract N00039-03-C-0057. X. Wang, B. Howley, and R. Chen are with the Microelectronics

  16. 1280 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 23, NO. 18, SEPTEMBER 15, 2011 Four-Dimensional Nonbinary LDPC-Coded

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    Djordjevic, Ivan B.

    /100 Gigabit Ethernet (40/100 GbE) was ratified in June 2010 as a response to the ever-increasing demands formats to achieve high aggregate bit rates and nonbinary LDPC codes for forward error correction (FEC to meet the pro- jected demand, some advocate a more conservative upgrade to 400 GbE first. Regardless

  17. 714 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 12, NO. 6, JUNE 2000 Skew and Jitter Removal Using Short Optical Pulses

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    Miller, David A. B.

    , and retransmission of digital data. Index Terms--CMOS integrated circuits, optical intercon- nections, optical pulses, system design, and timing issues. Here, we define short pulse optical interconnects as those using-98-1-0002, and a subaward from the University of New Mexico. The authors are with the Departments of Applied Physics

  18. 486 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 23, NO. 8, APRIL 15, 2011 Chromatic Dispersion Monitoring Based on Variance

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    Wai, Ping-kong Alexander

    in a transparent environment and permitting monitoring at optical nodes without coherent reception. Various optical Monitoring Based on Variance of Received Optical Power Linghao Cheng, Zhaohui Li, Chao Lu, Alan Pak Tao Lau dispersion monitoring based on average variance of optical power has been demonstrated. Theoretical analyses

  19. 660 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 3, MARCH 2005 Optical Generation of Linearly Chirped Microwave

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    Horowitz, Moshe

    Chirped Microwave Pulses Using Fiber Bragg Gratings Avi Zeitouny, Sander Stepanov, Oren Levinson, and Moshe Horowitz Abstract--We demonstrate a new method to generate broad spectrum chirped microwave pulses to generate pulses with a linear frequency chirp. The bandwidth of the microwave pulses can be significantly

  20. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 18, NO. 21, NOVEMBER 1, 2006 2245 160-Gb/s Polarization-Independent Optical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Thomas E.

    of Computer and Electrical Engi- neering, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250 USA, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250 USA, and also with the UMBC, CSEE Department, Baltimore, MD 21250 USA

  1. 480 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 12, NO. 5, MAY 2000 Coupled Structure for Wide-Band EDFA with Gain

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    Park, Namkyoo

    of over 2.6 dB and 0.6 dB, respectively, at 3 5 dBm of L-band input signal power. Spatially resolvedB and 0.6 dB, respectively, at dBm L-EDFA input signal) in ad- dition to the limiting amplifier behavior-band injection source in the evolution dynamics of the pri- mary pump, L-EDFA backward ASE, C-band injection

  2. 1604 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 19, NO. 20, OCTOBER 15, 2007 Pulse Energy Probability Density Functions for

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    Djordjevic, Ivan B.

    for this problem. We demonstrate the approach on an example of a specific submarine transmission system. Index the auspices of the National Nuclear Security Administration of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at Los

  3. 422 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 15, NO. 3, MARCH 2003 A Collimation Mirror in Polymeric Planar Waveguide

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    Chen, Ray

    waveguide. A parabola-shaped cavity is etched in fluorinated polyimide using oxygen reactive ion etching of the demonstrated device is 2.4 dB or less. Index Terms--Integrated optics, optical waveguides, polyimides, polymers in fluorinated polyimide using oxygen reactive ion etching (RIE). It will become a cornerstone for an integrated

  4. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 24, NO. 6, MARCH 15, 2012 497 Feedback Effects in Plasmonic Slot Waveguides

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    the potential to replace the electrical interconnect buses in integrated circuits due to their beneficial. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Institute of Optical Sciences, University of Toronto Cairo 11835, Egypt (e-mail: m.swillam@aucegypt.edu). A. S. Helmy is with the Edward S. Rogers Sr

  5. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 12, NO. 4, APRIL 2000 395 A Time-Domain Algorithm for the Analysis

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    Masoudi, Husain M.

    was supported by the British Council. M. A. Alsunaidi and H. M. Masoudi are with the Department of Electrical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261 Saudi Arabia (e-mail: msunaidi

  6. 1382 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 9, NO. 10, OCTOBER 1997 Spurious Modes in the DuFortFrankel

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    Masoudi, Husain M.

    Manuscript received October 17, 1996; revised May 14, 1997. This work was supported by the British Council. The work of H. M. Masoudi was supported by King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. J. M. Arnold

  7. 1274 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 11, NO. 10, OCTOBER 1999 Time-Domain Finite-Difference

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    Masoudi, Husain M.

    , 1999. This work was supported by the British Council and by the U.K. Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and by the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. H. M of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. J. M. Arnold is with the Department of Electronics

  8. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 22, NO. 10, MAY 15, 2010 715 Optical Arbitrary Waveform Generation-Based

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    Kolner, Brian H.

    -bit 40-Gb/s label in nonreturn-to-zero and return-to- zero on­off keying formats indicate Generation-Based Packet Generation and All-Optical Separation for Optical-Label Switching Tingting He--This letter introduces a versatile modulation-format transparent optical-label switching (OLS) transmitter

  9. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 22, NO. 7, APRIL 1, 2010 477 Differential Monitoring of AWG-Filtered Reflection

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    Park, Namkyoo

    in lightwave communication systems, its direct application to injection-locked, wavelength-divi- sion-Filtered Reflection Signal for Accurate Transmitter Power Control of Injection-Locked WDM PON Systems Kyoungmin Kim control architecture for the injection-locked, wavelength- division-multiplexed passive optical network

  10. 434 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 22, NO. 6, MARCH 15, 2010 Nonbinary Quasi-Cyclic LDPC-Based Coded

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    Djordjevic, Ivan B.

    . Marcoccia are with Opnext, Inc., Los Gatos, CA 95032 USA (e-mail: rsaunders@opnext.com; rmarcoccia

  11. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 20, NO. 6, MARCH 15, 2008 443 VCSEL Optoelectronic Biosensor for Detection of

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    Cunningham, Brian

    for developing countries. It often requires sensi- tive tools that can detect and quantify interactions, 2007. This work was developed under the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Center, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA. B. T. Cunningham is with the Department of Electrical

  12. Photonics.com Spectra Home Technology World Innovative Products Business World Presstime Bulletin Article Abstracts Accent on Applications Photonics Research Subscribe Accent on Applications | March 2007

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    Suslick, Kenneth S.

    Save Article About Us | Our Publications | Contact Us Enter search term Entire SiteExplore Photonics. Sample enters the inlet tube, then causes changes in a colorimetric array (inset) that is mounted

  13. 1052 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 53, NO. 4, JULY 2004 Real-Time Nonintrusive Monitoring

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    categories [21]. · Readiness-to-perform and fitness-for-duty technologies: These technologies [10] attempt

  14. Thermal Issues in Emerging Technologies, ThETA 3, Cairo, Egypt, Dec 19-22nd 978-1-61284-266-0/10/$26.00 2010 IEEE ThETA3_056 283

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    ]. There is a recent micropower demonstration by Amatya and Ram [8]. The incident solar energy flux is around 1000W/m2Thermal Issues in Emerging Technologies, ThETA 3, Cairo, Egypt, Dec 19-22nd 2010 978-1-61284-266-0/10/$26.00 ©2010 IEEE ThETA3_056 283 SYSTEM OPTIMIZTION OF HOT WATER CONCENTRATED SOLAR THERMOELECTRIC GENERATION

  15. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL NETWORKS. VOL. 2, NO. 2, MARCH 1991 231 A Real-Time Neural System for Color Constancy

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    Allman, John M.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL NETWORKS. VOL. 2, NO. 2, MARCH 1991 231 A Real-Time Neural System for Color Constancy Andrew Moore, Student Member, IEEE, John Allman, and Rodney M. Goodman, Member, IEEE and Neural Systems Program at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125. IEEE Log Number

  16. 2012 IEEE 4th International Conference on Cloud Computing Technology and Science 978-1-4673-4510-1/12/$31.00 2012 IEEE

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    Carloni, Luca

    in 2010 and this trend is expected to continue to grow "as more and more embedded systems pump their bits available from Yahoo, Google, and Amazon. Meanwhile, the Information Technology industry is ex- periencing

  17. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 9, NO. 1, JANUARY 2001 5 Passivity-Based Stability and Control of Hysteresis

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    Morris, Kirsten

    -Based Stability and Control of Hysteresis in Smart Actuators Robert B. Gorbet, Kirsten A. Morris, Member, IEEE, and David W. L. Wang, Member, IEEE Abstract--The past decade has seen an increase in the use of smart or vibration-controlled buildings. Materials such as shape memory alloys (SMAs), piezo- ceramics

  18. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 61, NO. 4, MAY 2012 1779 Numerical Analysis of the Power Saving in 3GPP

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    Qiao, Daji

    of the Power Saving in 3GPP LTE Advanced Wireless Networks Sunggeun Jin, Member, IEEE, and Daji Qiao, Member, IEEE Abstract--We analyze the power-saving operation in Third­ Generation Partnership Project (3GPP and complicated job to numerically analyze the perfor- mance of power-saving operations since it is necessary

  19. IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, VOL. 10, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2004 1025 Tunable Narrow-Linewidth Photonic Microwave

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    Chan, Sze-Chun

    Tunable Narrow-Linewidth Photonic Microwave Generation Using Semiconductor Laser Dynamics Sze-Chun Chan narrow-linewidth microwave subcarrier on an optical wave by exploiting the nonlinear dynamics is experimentally demonstrated. The microwave frequency is generated by the period-one oscillation of an optically

  20. IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, VOL. 19, NO. 6, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2013 3401115 Polymer-Based Hybrid-Integrated Photonic

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    Chen, Ray

    , cost-effective roll-to-roll fabrication of electronic and photonic sys- tems on flexible substrates has-board optical interconnects using microlens integrated 45 mir- ror couplers compatible with the roll-to-roll-temperature process and wet- coating process of large areas suitable for almost all kinds of substrates are key

  1. CASAS: A Smart Home in a Box Diane J. Cook, IEEE Fellow, Aaron S. Crandall, IEEE Member, Brian L. Thomas, IEEE Member,

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    Cook, Diane J.

    CASAS: A Smart Home in a Box Diane J. Cook, IEEE Fellow, Aaron S. Crandall, IEEE Member, Brian L,acrandal,bthomas,ckn}@eecs.wsu.edu Abstract. While the potential benefits of smart home technology are widely recognized, a lightweight design is needed for the benefits to be realized at a large scale. We introduce the CASAS "smart home in a box

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    Fan, Shanhui

    crystals, as well as the properties of the defect states, have also been studied in great detail one to mold the spectrum of a photon pulse almost at will while completely preserving coherent infor

  3. Photonics.com Spectra Home Technology World Innovative Products Business World Presstime Bulletin Article Abstracts Microscopy Focus | June 2007

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    Rogers, John A.

    -Optical Science and Email Article Printer Friendly Save Article Enter search term Entire SiteExplore Photonics microscopy offers the highest resolution possible for this search, but the technique has difficulty imaging

  4. International Advisory Committee M. Elena Valcher, President, IEEE CSS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenato, Luca

    Technology Bikash Pal, EiC, IEEE Tran. Sustainable Energy Huijun Gao, Co-EiC, IEEE Tran. Industrial, India General Co-Chairs Madhubanti Maitra, Jadavpur University, India Amitava Chatterjee, Jadavpur University, India Finance Chair Sanjoy Kumar Saha, Jadavpur University, India Technical Program Co

  5. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 55, NO. 7, JULY 2007 1467 Monolithic Integration of a Folded Dipole Antenna

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    , IEEE, Ertugrul Sönmez, Sébastien Chartier, Student Member, IEEE, Peter Lindberg, Christoph Schick Technologies AB, SE-184 25 Åkersberga, Sweden. C. Schick is with the Mixed Signal Integrated Circuit Design

  6. Photon-photon collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodsky, S.J.

    1988-07-01

    Highlights of the VIIIth International Workshop on Photon-Photon Collisions are reviewed. New experimental and theoretical results were reported in virtually every area of ..gamma gamma.. physics, particularly in exotic resonance production and tests of quantum chromodynamics where asymptotic freedom and factorization theorems provide predictions for both inclusive and exclusive ..gamma gamma.. reactions at high momentum transfer. 73 refs., 12 figs.

  7. 654 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 18, NO. 3, MAY 2010 Model-Based Electrochemical Estimation and

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    -Based Electrochemical Estimation and Constraint Management for Pulse Operation of Lithium Ion Batteries Kandler A. Smith Technologies, Graduate Automotive Technology Education Pro- gram. This work was performed at the Pennsylvania-mail: kandlers@hotmail.com; kandler_smith@nrel.gov). C. D. Rahn and C.-Y. Wang are with the Department

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    Einat, Aharonov

    Experience IEEE Xplore @ HUJI Get more from your IEEE research !!! IEEE Xplore !!! Join IEEE and your library staff to learn about advanced research tips and new features of the IEEE Xplore digital library. IEEE Xplore, a digital library providing full text access to the world's highest quality

  9. IEEE Copyright Statement: Copyright 2006 IEEE. Reprinted from Proceedings of the IEEE PES General Meeting,

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    Ilic, Marija D.

    IEEE Copyright Statement: Copyright © 2006 IEEE. Reprinted from Proceedings of the IEEE PES General Meeting, Montreal, Canada, June 2006. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of Carnegie Mellon University

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    Ilic, Marija D.

    IEEE Copyright Statement: Copyright © 2007 IEEE. Reprinted from IEEE Special Issue on "Modeling. 95, No. 5, May 2007. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of Carnegie Mellon University's products

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    Sun, Jie, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    Silicon photonics, emerging from the interface of silicon technology and photonic technology, is expected to inherit the incredible integration ability of silicon technology that has boomed the microelectronic industry for ...

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    Ray, Asok

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS 1 Supervised Self advances in sensor technology and the affordable miniaturization of mobile computing plat- forms, swarms

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    voltage power supply as Woods was cleaning out their spectrometer), Saykally was at the right place and Electrical Engineering at the California Institute of Technology, and the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory]. It was at this time that Dave Buhl and Lew Snyder had just begun millimeter-wave spectroscopy measurements

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 56, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 2007 2941 Enhancing Closed-Loop Wireless Systems Through

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    Waterloo, University of

    (WCDMA), joint source­channel coding, mode 1 of the Third Generation Partner- ship Project (3GPP). I by Bell Mobility, Com- munications and Information Technology Ontario (CITO), and by the Nat- ural, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada (e

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    Bystroff, Chris

    77JANUARY 2010 WEB TECHNOLOGIES Published by the IEEE Computer Society0018-9162/10/$26.00 © 2010 IEEE Web 3.0: The Dawn of Semantic Search I n the past two January edi- tions of this Computer column, I've had the pleasure of writ- ing about the status of the Semantic Web, and particularly of its

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    Ilic, Marija D.

    * Conference or Journal Yr/Mo Citation J 2013.00 Distributed Energy Resources Integration Challenges in Low, L.A.F.M. ; Ilic, M.D. IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, Volume: 4 , Issue: 1, 2013, Page Transactions on Smart Grid, Volume: 3 , Issue: 3, 2012, Page(s): 1203 - 1212 J 2011.00 Wind Integration

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavallaro, Andrea

    Agency (FPA n 2010-0012). This work was partially supported by the Artemis JU and UK Technology Strategy-time operation and energy efficiency [3], [4]. Data reduction can be achieved by using image com- pression [5 are with the Centre for Intelligent Sensing, Queen Mary Univer- sity of London, E1 4NS, London, UK. (email: s.fahad.tahir@eecs.qmul.ac.uk

  18. 1614 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 63, NO. 4, MAY 2014 The State of Charge Estimation of Lithium-Ion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mi, Chunting "Chris"

    Estimation of Lithium-Ion Batteries Based on a Proportional-Integral Observer Jun Xu, Student Member, IEEE--With the development of electric drive vehicles (EDVs), the state-of-charge (SOC) estimation for lithium-ion (Li of lithium-ion batteries in EDVs. The structure of the proposed PI observer is analyzed, and the con

  19. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 21, NO. 4, JULY 2013 1207 A Model-Free Approach to Wind Farm Control Using Game Theoretic Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marden, Jason R.

    -Free Approach to Wind Farm Control Using Game Theoretic Methods Jason R. Marden, Member, IEEE, Shalom D. Ruben provably maximize energy production in wind farms without explicitly modeling the aerodynamic interaction amongst the turbines. Index Terms--Cooperative systems, networked control systems, wind farms. I

  20. Proceedings of the Work-in-Progress Session of the 20th IEEE Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ungerer, Theo

    of the individual articles remains with their authors. Cover photo: B. Brandenburg. #12;RTAS 2014: 20th IEEE Real, on the other hand, air data estimation in UAVs, a novel kernel design for mixed-criticality systems, and Christopher A. Healy 3 Thread Migration for Mixed-Criticality Systems Alexander Zuepke 5 What if we would

  1. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPONENTS, PACKAGING, AND MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY--PART C, VOL. 21, NO. 2, APRIL 1998 97 Material-Centric Modeling of PWB Fabrication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandborn, Peter

    processes. Index Terms-- Cost modeling, design-for-environment (DFE), design-to-cost, material, Associate Member, IEEE Abstract--This paper presents an activity-based cost model for printed wiring board-based manufacturing cost models, activities are based on equipment and facilities ("equipment

  2. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 22, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2012 1471 Stereo Visual Tracking Within Structured

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Yuan F.

    alternative to active sensors. A camera emits no energy and is not easily detectable by the target. A vehicle Stereo Visual Tracking Within Structured Environments for Measuring Vehicle Speed Junda Zhu, Student, IEEE Abstract--We present a novel visual tracking method for measuring the speed of a moving vehicle

  3. 590 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 16, NO. 5, MAY 2006 Resource Allocation and Performance Analysis of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Dapeng Oliver

    server and router for data transmission [3], [26]. In a wireless video sensor network (WVSN), each sensor, and Dapeng Wu, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Wireless video sensor networks (WVSNs) have been envisioned operates under a set of unique resource constraints, including limitations with respect to energy supply

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE A N D REMOTE SENSING, VOL 32. NO 2. MARCH I Y W 353 Evaluating the Type and State of Alaska Taiga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Ram

    , IEEE, Eric J. M. Rignot, Member, IEEE, Kyle C. McDonald, Member, IEEE, Ram Oren, Ronald Kwok, Gordon , 1993. This work was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Califomia Institute of TechnologyDonald, R. Oren, and R. Kwok are with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena. CA 91 109. G. Bonan

  5. Photon management in thermal and solar photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Lu

    2008-01-01

    Photovoltaics is a technology that directly converts photon energy into electrical energy. Depending on the photon source, photovoltaic systems can be categorized into two groups: solar photovoltaics (PV) and thermophotovoltaics ...

  6. Efficiency enhancement of luminescent solar concentrations for photovoltaic technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Chunhua

    2011-01-01

    and V.U. Ho?mann. Photovoltaic Solar Energy Gen- eration.Concentrations for Photovoltaic Technologies A dissertationThirteenth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference- 1978—

  7. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, VOL. ?, NO.?,MONTH 2004 1 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, VOL. ?, NO.?,MONTH 2004 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bystroff, Chris

    ON SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, VOL. ?, NO.?,MONTH 2004 2 Robustness Testing of Java Server Applications Chen Fu, Ana minutes of down time per year from its software. New testing technologies are needed to address the issue ofIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, VOL. ?, NO.?,MONTH 2004 1 1 234 #12;IEEE TRANSACTIONS

  8. JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 28, NO. 4, FEBRUARY 15, 2010 1 Fiber-Wireless Networks and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bakaul, Masuduzzaman

    IEEE Proof W eb Version JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 28, NO. 4, FEBRUARY 15, 2010 1 Fiber-Wireless Novak, Fellow, IEEE, and Rod Waterhouse, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Hybrid fiber-wireless networks incorporating WDM technology for fixed wireless access operating in the sub-mil- limeter-wave and millimeter

  9. Photonic Generation of Millimeter-Wave Signals With Tunable Phase Shift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    Photonic Generation of Millimeter-Wave Signals With Tunable Phase Shift Volume 4, Number 3, June.2199481 1943-0655/$31.00 ©2012 IEEE #12;Photonic Generation of Millimeter-Wave Signals With Tunable Phase Shift approach to generating a frequency-quadrupled millimeter-wave (mm-wave) signal with a tunable phase shift

  10. Copyright (c) 2011 IEEE. Personal use is permitted. For any other purposes, permission must be obtained from the IEEE by emailing pubs-permissions@ieee.org. This article has been accepted for publication in a future issue of this journal, but has not been

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virtanen, Tuomas

    by the graduate school of Tampere University of Technology. #12;Copyright (c) 2011 IEEE. Personal use is permitted University of Technology, Korkeakoulunkatu 1, 33720 Tampere, Finland, e-mail: (elina.helander@tut.fi, hanna a request to pubs-permissions@ieee.org. The authors are with the Department of Signal Processing, Tampere

  11. 1154 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 19, NO. 15, AUGUST 1, 2007 10 10 Gb/s DWDM Transmission Through 2.2-km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Joseph M.

    Transmission Through 2.2-km Multimode Fiber Using Adaptive Optics Rahul A. Panicker, Jeffrey P. Wilde, Joseph M. Kahn, David F. Welch, and Ilya Lyubomirsky Abstract--Transmitter-based adaptive optics and receiver-crystal spatial light modulator controls the launched field pattern for ten 10-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero channels

  12. 42 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 12, NO. 1, JANUARY 2000 All-Optical Switching in Phase-Shifted Fiber Bragg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melloni, Andrea

    Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy and also with CoreCom, Consorzio Elabo- razione e Commutazione Ottica Milano

  13. Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors : new detector architectures and integration with photonic chips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najafi, Faraz

    2015-01-01

    Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) are a promising technology for long-distance optical communication and quantum information processing. Recent advances in single-photon generation, storage and ...

  14. FUNDAMENTALS OF PHOTONICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faure, Claudie

    . It is the basis of the technology that allows computers and telephones to be connected to one another over fiber units. · Define the following properties of light: - Speed - Frequency - Wavelength - Energy · Describe the dual nature of light, as a continuous wave and a discrete particle (photon), and give examples of light

  15. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 60, NO. 6, JUNE 2012 1735 A Wideband Frequency Tunable Optoelectronic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 60, NO. 6, JUNE 2012 1735 A Wideband Frequency Tunable Optoelectronic Oscillator Incorporating a Tunable Microwave Photonic Filter Based on Phase frequency tunable range incorporating a tunable microwave photonic filter implemented based on phase

  16. IEEE Copyright Statement: Copyright 2005 IEEE. Reprinted from Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 93, No. 11, November

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilic, Marija D.

    IEEE Copyright Statement: Copyright © 2005 IEEE. Reprinted from Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 93, No. 11, November 2005. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of Carnegie Mellon University's products

  17. Quantum Photonic Interconnect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jianwei Wang; Damien Bonneau; Matteo Villa; Joshua W. Silverstone; Raffaele Santagati; Shigehito Miki; Taro Yamashita; Mikio Fujiwara; Masahide Sasaki; Hirotaka Terai; Michael G. Tanner; Chandra M. Natarajan; Robert H. Hadfield; Jeremy L. O'Brien; Mark G. Thompson

    2015-09-26

    Integrated photonics has enabled much progress towards quantum technologies. Many applications, including quantum communication, sensing, and distributed and cloud quantum computing, will require coherent photonic interconnection between separate chip-based sub-systems. Large-scale quantum computing systems and architectures may ultimately require quantum interconnects to enable scaling beyond the limits of a single wafer and towards "multi-chip" systems. However, coherently interconnecting separate chips is challenging due to the fragility of these quantum states and the demanding challenges of transmitting photons in at least two media within a single coherent system. Distribution and manipulation of qubit entanglement between multiple devices is one of the most stringent requirements of the interconnected system. Here, we report a quantum photonic interconnect demonstrating high-fidelity entanglement distribution and manipulation between two separate chips, implemented using state-of-the-art silicon photonics. Path-entangled states are generated and manipulated on-chip, and distributed between the chips by interconverting between path-encoding and polarisation-encoding. We use integrated state analysers to confirm a Bell-type violation of $S$=2.638+-0.039 between two chips. With improvements in loss, this quantum interconnect will provide new levels of flexible systems and architectures for quantum technologies.

  18. Technolog

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    focuses on multi-scale, multiphysics approaches to understanding natural systems, "engineering the earth" with sensing and drilling technologies and characterizing geomaterials...

  19. Single-photon frequency upconversion for long-distance quantum teleportation and communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albot?, Marius A., 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Entanglement generation, single-photon detection, and frequency translation that preserves the polarization quantum state of the photons are essential technologies for long distance quantum communication protocols. This ...

  20. Photon Linear Collider Gamma-Gamma Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gronberg, J

    2012-02-27

    High energy photon - photon collisions can be achieved by adding high average power short-pulse lasers to the Linear Collider, enabling an expanded physics program for the facility. The technology required to realize a photon linear collider continues to mature. Compton back-scattering technology is being developed around the world for low energy light source applications and high average power lasers are being developed for Inertial Confinement Fusion.

  1. Folding Photons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gregg, B. A.; van de Lagemaat, J.

    2012-05-01

    Scientists have shown that wrinkles and folds can be used to maximize the absorption of low-energy photons by efficiently redirecting them into a thin absorbing film. This inexpensive technique for structuring photonic substrates could be used to increase the efficiency of many organic photovoltaic cells.

  2. 1012 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 19, NO. 3, JUNE 2009 Microwave Packaging for Voltage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popovic, Zoya

    of circuits based upon superconductor-normal metal-superconductor (SNS) Josephson junction (JJ) technology1012 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 19, NO. 3, JUNE 2009 Microwave Packaging, Josephson device packaging, supercon- ducting device packaging, superconducting integrated circuits

  3. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 47, NO. 10, OCTOBER 1999 2845 Correspondence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nehorai, Arye

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 47, NO. 10, OCTOBER 1999 2845 Correspondence for Signal Processing, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University Estimating Directions of Arrival of Completely and Incompletely Polarized Signals with Electromagnetic Vector

  4. Active Temporal Multiplexing of Photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabriel J. Mendoza; Raffaele Santagati; Jack Munns; Elizabeth Hemsley; Mateusz Piekarek; Enrique Martin-Lopez; Graham D. Marshall; Damien Bonneau; Mark G. Thompson; Jeremy L. O'Brien

    2015-08-12

    Photonic qubits constitute a leading platform to disruptive quantum technologies due to their unique low-noise properties. The cost of the photonic approach is the non-deterministic nature of many of the processes, including single-photon generation, which arises from parametric sources and negligible interaction between photons. Active temporal multiplexing - repeating a generation process in time and rerouting to single modes using an optical switching network - is a promising approach to overcome this challenge and will likely be essential for large-scale applications with greatly reduced resource complexity and system sizes. Requirements include the precise synchronization of a system of low-loss switches, delay lines, fast photon detectors, and feed-forward. Here we demonstrate temporal multiplexing of 8 'bins' from a double-passed heralded photon source and observe an increase in the heralding and heralded photon rates. This system points the way to harnessing temporal multiplexing in quantum technologies, from single-photon sources to large-scale computation.

  5. Active Temporal Multiplexing of Photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabriel J. Mendoza; Raffaele Santagati; Jack Munns; Elizabeth Hemsley; Mateusz Piekarek; Enrique Martin-Lopez; Graham D. Marshall; Damien Bonneau; Mark G. Thompson; Jeremy L. O'Brien

    2015-03-04

    Quantum information science promises powerful new technologies and fundamental scientific discoveries. Photonic qubits are appealing for their low noise properties-the cost is the non-deterministic nature of many processes, including photon generation and entanglement. Active multiplexing can increase the success probability of such processes above a required threshold, and spatial multiplexing of up to four heralded photon sources shows great promise. The cost is a proliferation of hardware. Temporal multiplexing-repeated use of the same hardware components-has been proposed as an alternative and is likely to be essential to greatly reduce resource complexity and system sizes. Requirements include the precise synchronization of a system of low-loss switches, delay lines, fast photon detectors, and feed-forward. Here we demonstrate multiplexing of 8 'bins'-four temporal and two spatial-from a heralded photon source. We show enhanced photon emission statistics, observing an increase in both the triggering and heralded photon rates. Despite its current limitations due to extrinsic sources of loss, this system points the way to harnessing temporal multiplexing in quantum technologies, from single-photon sources to large-scale computation.

  6. A preliminary study of current multimedia information technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, J.C.

    1997-03-01

    This paper surveys more than 70 articles published in the IEEE Multimedia journal and other journals. The survey summarizes aspects of multimedia information technology and categorizes application areas of multimedia information technology and interesting research areas related to it.

  7. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS MAN AND CYBERNETICS -PART A., VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 1999 100 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS MAN AND CYBERNETICS -PART A., VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 1999 101

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertsekas, Dimitri

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS MAN AND CYBERNETICS - PART A., VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 1999 100 1234 #12;IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS MAN AND CYBERNETICS - PART A., VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 1999 101 Missile, Dimitri Bertsekas is with Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Laboratory for Information and Decision

  8. 1314 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 6, NO. 3, MAY 2015 A Framework for Exploring Social Network and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nehorai, Arye

    1314 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 6, NO. 3, MAY 2015 A Framework for Exploring Social Network and Personality-Based Predictors of Smart Grid Diffusion Alex Cassidy, Student Member, IEEE the diffusion of basic smart grid technologies using a social-network-based model to study demand response

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 4, NO. 2, JUNE 2013 1087 Reliability Modeling and Evaluation of Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Yong

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 4, NO. 2, JUNE 2013 1087 Reliability Modeling and Evaluation, and Mirrasoul J. Mousavi, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Smart grid technologies leveraging advancements of smart grid monitoring and proposes a mathemat- ical model to assess its impact on power grid reliability

  10. Copyright 2013 IEEE. Reprinted, with permission from: Real-world Performance of a CERTS Microgrid in Manhattan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright © 2013 IEEE. Reprinted, with permission from: Real-world Performance of a CERTS Microgrid to Special Section on Microgrids for Sustainable Energy: IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy microgrid technology enabled the Brevoort, a 1950's era luxury co-op tower in Greenwich Village, NY

  11. Copyright 2014 IEEE. Reprinted, with permission from: Real-world Performance of a CERTS Microgrid in Manhattan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright © 2014 IEEE. Reprinted, with permission from: Real-world Performance of a CERTS Microgrid for publication in Special Section on Microgrids for Sustainable Energy: IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy Microgrid technology enabled the Brevoort, a 1950's era luxury co-op tower in Greenwich Village, NY

  12. 1560 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 47, NO. 8, AUGUST 2000 Physical Mechanisms Limiting the Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Alamo, Jesús A.

    , Member, IEEE, M. H. Somerville, Jesus A. del Alamo, Senior Member, IEEE, K. G. Duh, and P. C. Chao. H. Somerville is with Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY 12604 USA. J. A. del Alamo is with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cam- bridge, MA 02139 USA (e-mail: alamo@mit.edu). K. G. Duh and P. C

  13. IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, VOL. 8, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2008 2027 A High-Resolution MEMS Piezoelectric Strain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horowitz, Roberto

    IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, VOL. 8, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2008 2027 A High-Resolution MEMS Piezoelectric strain sensor. Using microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology, ZnO piezo- electric microsensors Strain Sensor for Structural Vibration Detection Stanley Kon, Member, IEEE, and Roberto Horowitz, Member

  14. IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 45, NO. 1, JANUARY 2010 235 Optical I/O Technology for Tera-Scale Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palermo, Sam

    and in multi-processor systems. Near-term projections estimate the CPU-to-memory bandwidth to be 100 GB term optical interconnect solution, the first based on a packaging architecture and the second based on a monolithic photonic CMOS architecture. The packaging-based optical I/O architec- ture implemented with 90 nm

  15. Tutorial Part II Outline: Current technologies: Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    ­ Biological and Environmental Research ­ Fusion Energy Sciences ­ Nuclear Physics ­ Advanced Scientific to a single technology? · Several benefits: ­less space, less heat, less electricity, less knowledge, less control, congestion control · Subnet manager & Routing IEEE ANTS 2012 Tutorial Data Center Networking 108

  16. Photon generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Srinivasan-Rao, Triveni (Shoreham, NY)

    2002-01-01

    A photon generator includes an electron gun for emitting an electron beam, a laser for emitting a laser beam, and an interaction ring wherein the laser beam repetitively collides with the electron beam for emitting a high energy photon beam therefrom in the exemplary form of x-rays. The interaction ring is a closed loop, sized and configured for circulating the electron beam with a period substantially equal to the period of the laser beam pulses for effecting repetitive collisions.

  17. Smart Grid The New and Improved Power Grid: A Survey Xi Fang, Student Member, IEEE, Satyajayant Misra, Member, IEEE, Guoliang Xue, Fellow, IEEE,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Satyajayant

    Smart Grid ­ The New and Improved Power Grid: A Survey Xi Fang, Student Member, IEEE, Satyajayant--The Smart Grid, regarded as the next generation power grid, uses two-way flows of electricity the literature till 2011 on the enabling technologies for the Smart Grid. We explore three major systems, namely

  18. Technologies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired Solar Fuel ProductionRecoverable15/2008Technologies Technologies

  19. Technology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired Solar FuelTechnology /newsroom/_assets/images/s-icon.png Technology

  20. IEEE Smart Grid Series of Standards IEEE 2030 (Interoperability) and IEEE 1547 (Interconnection) Status: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basso, T.; DeBlasio, R.

    2012-04-01

    The IEEE American National Standards smart grid publications and standards development projects IEEE 2030, which addresses smart grid interoperability, and IEEE 1547TM, which addresses distributed resources interconnection with the grid, have made substantial progress since 2009. The IEEE 2030TM and 1547 standards series focus on systems-level aspects and cover many of the technical integration issues involved in a mature smart grid. The status and highlights of these two IEEE series of standards, which are sponsored by IEEE Standards Coordinating Committee 21 (SCC21), are provided in this paper.

  1. Photonics 2014, 1, 1-8; doi:10.3390/photonics1010001 ISSN 2304-6732

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    has resulted in the development of physical optics [1,2], and its impact has penetrated areas in other, environmental and sustainable living, among others. Advances in photonics and optics encompass both experimental and progressive technologies in photonics and optics have enabled the development of new technologies which have

  2. OE Contributors Named IEEE Fellows

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dr. Ram Adapa, technical leader for transmission systems, and Mark McGranaghan, vice president of Power Delivery & Utilization for EPRI were name IEEE Fellows in recognition of their contributions to IEEE fields of interest.

  3. IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, VOL. 10, NO. 3, MAY/JUNE 2004 629 The Application of MEMS Technology for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Application of MEMS Technology for Adaptive Optics in Vision Science Nathan Doble and David R. Williams using microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) has been actively pursued. This paper explains the chal- lenges in high-resolution imaging of the human eye and details how MEMS technology has been used

  4. Technologies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S. CoalMexico IndependentMatter and Technologies R&D

  5. 1084 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 7, NO. 3, MARCH 2008 Multiple Access Performance of Balanced UWB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Dong In

    Technology Assessment). This paper was presented in part at the IEEE GlobeCom'06 Conference, San Francsico), ultra-wideband (UWB). I. INTRODUCTION RCENTLY, there have been renewed interests on the transmitted

  6. 2298 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 13, NO. 2, JUNE 2003 Cryogenic Cooling Temperature of HTS Transformers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Ho-Myung

    2298 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 13, NO. 2, JUNE 2003 Cryogenic Cooling grant from the Center for Applied Superconductivity Technology (CAST) under the 21st Century Frontier R

  7. TO APPEAR IN IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS, PART B: CYBERNETICS, 1999. 1 Spatial Representation of Symbolic Sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tino, Peter

    TO APPEAR IN IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS, PART B: CYBERNETICS, 1999. 1 University of Technology, Ilkovicova 3, 812 19 Bratislava, Slo­ vakia DNA sequence is represented by points

  8. IEEE MICROWAVE AND WIRELESS COMPONENTS LETTERS, VOL. 12, NO. 4, APRIL 2002 117 A Broadband 800 GHz Schottky Balanced Doubler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEEE MICROWAVE AND WIRELESS COMPONENTS LETTERS, VOL. 12, NO. 4, APRIL 2002 117 A Broadband 800 GHz Wireless Technologies, West Covina, CA 91791 USA. Publisher Item Identifier S 1531-1309(02)03962-4. Fig. 1

  9. Ultra-low power fiber-coupled gallium arsenide photonic crystal cavity electro-optic modulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vuckovic, Jelena

    -induced change in refractive index of InP, GaAs, and InGaAsP," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(1), 113­122 (1990). 7, "Ultra-low threshold, electrically pumped quantum dot photonic crystal nanocavity laser," to be published

  10. A photonic transistor device based on photons and phonons in a cavity electromechanical system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng Jiang; Ka-Di Zhu

    2012-09-21

    We present a scheme for photonic transistors based on photons and phonons in a cavity electromechanical system, which is consisted of a superconducting microwave cavity coupled to a nanomechanical resonator. Control of the propagation of photons is achieved through the interaction of microwave field (photons) and nanomechanical vibrations (phonons). By calculating the transmission spectrum of the signal field, we show that the signal field can be efficiently attenuated or amplified, depending on the power of a second `gating'(pump) field. This scheme may be a promising candidate for single-photon transistors and pave the way for numerous applications in telecommunication and quantum information technologies.

  11. A photonic transistor device based on photons and phonons in a cavity electromechanical system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Cheng

    2012-01-01

    We present a scheme for photonic transistors based on photons and phonons in a cavity electromechanical system, which is consisted of a superconducting microwave cavity coupled to a nanomechanical resonator. Control of the propagation of photons is achieved through the interaction of microwave field (photons) and nanomechanical vibrations (phonons). By calculating the transmission spectrum of the signal field, we show that the signal field can be efficiently attenuated or amplified, depending on the power of a second `gating'(pump) field. This scheme may be a promising candidate for single-photon transistors and pave the way for numerous applications in telecommunication and quantum information technologies.

  12. 318 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 41, NO. 2, APRIL 2011 Fast Eigenspace Decomposition of Images of Objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Anthony A. "Tony"

    318 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 41, NO. 2, APRIL of this paper were presented in part at the IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, San is with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, SD

  13. Silicon Photonics: The Inside Story

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jalali, Bahram

    2008-01-01

    The electronic chip industry embodies the height of technological sophistication and economics of scale. Fabricating inexpensive photonic components by leveraging this mighty manufacturing infrastructure has fueled intense interest in silicon photonics. If it can be done economically and in an energy efficient manner, empowering silicon with optical functionality will bring optical communications to the realm of computers where limitations of metallic interconnects are threatening the industry's future. The field is making stunning progress and stands to have a bright future, as long as the community recognizes the real challenges, and maintains an open mind with respect to its applications. This talk will review recent 'game changing' developments and discuss promising applications beyond data communication. It will conclude with recent observation of extreme-value statistical behavior in silicon photonics, a powerful example of how scientific discoveries can unexpectedly emerge in the course of technology d...

  14. IEEE Policy Against Discrimination and Harassment (IEEE Policies, Section 9.27)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaski, Samuel

    IEEE Policy Against Discrimination and Harassment (IEEE Policies, Section 9.27) IEEE, consistent with the purposes articulated in Article I of the IEEE Constitution, is committed to the realization and maintenance of an environment in which members may have full and productive careers free from Discrimination or Harassment. IEEE

  15. IEEE Std 1394bTM-2002 (Amendment to IEEE Std 1394TM-1995)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgonovo, Flaminio

    IEEE Std 1394bTM-2002 (Amendment to IEEE Std 1394TM-1995) IEEEStandards 1394bTM IEEE Standard Engineers, Inc. 3 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5997, USA 14 December 2002 IEEE Computer Society Sponsored. Published 14 December 2002. Printed in the United States of America. IEEE is a trademark in the U.S. Patent

  16. Photon antibunching

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul, H.

    1982-10-01

    A review is given of recent theoretical studies devoted to the problem of generating radiation fields that exhibit the opposite of the well-known bunching of photons observed in light from thermal sources, the so-called antibunching effect. It is made clear that this phenomenon reflects the corpuscular nature of light and, hence, cannot be interpreted in terms of classical electrodynamics, needing, instead, the quantum-mechanical formalism for its description. It is shown in some detail that nonlinear interaction mechanisms like multiphoton absorption and parametric three-wave interaction are suited to change the photon statistical properties of incident (in most cases coherent) light such that the output field will be endowed with antibunching properties. Special emphasis is given to the problem of correctly specifying the dimensions of the mode volume occurring in the usual single-mode treatment of the field, which is, in fact, of great practical interest, since the magnitude of the antibunching effect is determined by the inverse average number of photons contained in that volume. In a later section it is pointed out that destructive interference with a coherent reference beam provides a means of (a) effectively enhancing photon antibunching that is already present in a high-intensity field, through reduction of the intensity, and (b) transforming phase fluctuations produced in a Kerr medium into antibunching-type intensity fluctuations. On the other hand, there exists a way of directly generating light with antibunching properties, the physical mechanism being resonance fluorescence from a single atom. The main features of this technique, both theoretical and experimental, are outlined, including a discussion of the first experimental results obtained a few years ago.

  17. Photon Science for renewable energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, David William

    Photon Science for renewable energy at Light-Source Facilities of Today andTomorrow Lawrence revolution in renewable and carbon- neutral energy technologies. in these pages, we outline and illustrate is causing potentially catastrophic changes to our planet.The quest for renewable, nonpolluting sources

  18. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 19, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2009 1549 Scheduling and Resource Allocation for SVC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, Mung

    bitstreams. It provides flexible solutions for transmission over heterogeneous networks and allows easyMAX and wireless LANs). The resource allocation in OFDM can be flexibly performed over power, frequency, and time that offers both quality and temporal scalabilities. The OFDM technology provides the flexibility of resource

  19. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 52, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2005 2911 Acceptance Tests and Criteria of the ATLAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eerola, Paula

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 52, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2005 2911 Acceptance Tests and Criteria of the ATLAS Transition Radiation Tracker P. Cwetanski, T. Akesson, F. Anghinolfi, E. Arik, O. K of xenonfilled straw tubes with periodic radiator foils or fibers providing TR photon emission. The design

  20. Photon Calorimeter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chow, Tze-Show (Hayward, CA)

    1989-01-01

    A photon calorimeter (20, 40) is provided that comprises a laminar substrate (10, 22, 42) that is uniform in density and homogeneous in atomic composition. A plasma-sprayed coating (28, 48, 52), that is generally uniform in density and homogeneous in atomic composition within the proximity of planes that are parallel to the surfaces of the substrate, is applied to either one or both sides of the laminar substrate. The plasma-sprayed coatings may be very efficiently spectrally tailored in atomic number. Thermocouple measuring junctions (30, 50, 54) are positioned within the plasma-sprayed coatings. The calorimeter is rugged, inexpensive, and equilibrates in temperature very rapidly.

  1. Photon calorimeter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chow, Tze-Show

    1988-04-22

    A photon calorimeter is provided that comprises a laminar substrate that is uniform in density and homogeneous in atomic composition. A plasma-sprayed coating, that is generally uniform in density and homogeneous in atomic composition within the proximity of planes that are parallel to the surfaces of the substrate, is applied to either one or both sides of the laminar substrate. The plasma-sprayed coatings may be very efficiently spectrally tailored in atomic number. Thermocouple measuring junctions, are positioned within the plasma-sprayed coatings. The calorimeter is rugged, inexpensive, and equilibrates in temperature very rapidly. 4 figs.

  2. Photon Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen Generation | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to CleanPhoton

  3. In Proceedings of IEEE 9th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amaral, Luis A.N.

    In Proceedings of IEEE 9th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, 2005 Page 1 of 6 and rehabilitation are low weight, low power consumption and safety. We propose cobotic technology as a transmission mentioned requirements of robotics for prosthetics and rehabilitation. Cobotic technology provides a highly

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS 1 Fast Local Histogram Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Longbing

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS 1 Fast Local Histogram are with the School of Computer Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China (e-mail: h.d.liew@gmail.com; m.yang@njnu.edu.cn). Yang Gao is with the State Key Laboratory for Novel Software Technology

  5. IEEE P1363.3 D1 IBKAS January 29, 2008 Copyright 2008 IEEE. All rights reserved.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yongge

    IEEE P1363.3 D1 IBKAS January 29, 2008 1 Copyright © 2008 IEEE. All rights reserved. This is an unapproved IEEE Standards Draft, subject to change. IEEE P1363.3 Standard Specifications for Public Key............................................................................................................. 9 #12;IEEE P1363.3 D1 IBKAS January 29, 2008 2 Copyright © 2008 IEEE. All rights reserved

  6. Physics at high energy photon photon colliders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chanowitz, M.S.

    1994-06-01

    I review the physic prospects for high energy photon photon colliders, emphasizing results presented at the LBL Gamma Gamma Collider Workshop. Advantages and difficulties are reported for studies of QCD, the electroweak gauge sector, supersymmetry, and electroweak symmetry breaking.

  7. Summary of Photon 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Böhrer, A; CERN. Geneva

    2002-01-01

    This article summarizes the experimental and theoretical results presented and discussed at the International Conference on the Structure and Interactions of the Photon, PHOTON 2001, in Ascona.

  8. 566 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 34, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2004 An Interactive Framework for Acquiring Vision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motai, Yuichi

    566 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 34, NO. 1 by the Advanced Manufacturing Technology Development, Ford Motor Company. This paper was recommended by Associate

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 41, NO. 3, JUNE 2011 783 Statistical-Mechanics-Inspired Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 41, NO. 3, JUNE 2011. INTRODUCTION RECENT advances in sensor technology and the develop- ment of powerful mobile computational

  10. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 29, NO. 4, AUGUST 1999 525 Function Approximation Based on Fuzzy Rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thawonmas, Ruck

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 29, NO. 4, AUGUST Systems Engineering, Kochi University of Technology, Kochi 782-8502, Japan. S. Abe is with the Department

  11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 34, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2004 77 Algorithmic Mechanism Design for Load Balancing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chronopoulos, Anthony T.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 34, NO. 1, FEBRUARY Board under the Texas Advanced Research/Advanced Technology Program ATP 003658-0442-1999, and the Center

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 35, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2005 1041 Homography-Based Visual Servo Regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Warren

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 35, NO. 5, OCTOBER- niques, visual servo. I. INTRODUCTION BASED on the success of image extraction/interpretation technology

  13. 154 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 37, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 The Ideal Free Distribution: Theory and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    154 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 37, NO. 1 and Technology and in part by The Ohio State University Office of Research via an interdisciplinary research

  14. Single-photon decision maker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naruse, Makoto; Drezet, Aurelien; Huant, Serge; Aono, Masashi; Hori, Hirokazu; Kim, Song-Ju

    2015-01-01

    Decision making is critical in our daily lives and for society in general and is finding evermore practical applications in information and communication technologies. Herein, we demonstrate experimentally that single photons can be used to make decisions in uncertain, dynamically changing environments. Using a nitrogen-vacancy in a nanodiamond as a single-photon source, we demonstrate the decision-making capability by solving the multi-armed bandit problem. This capability is directly and immediately associated with single-photon detection in the proposed architecture, leading to adequate and adaptive autonomous decision making. This study makes it possible to create systems that benefit from the quantum nature of light to perform practical and vital intelligent functions.

  15. A JOINT PROGRAM OF Photonics and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    placements can be in government agencies; laser, photonics and optics companies; or other private firms you a clear advantage in this area. You will also take a number of courses in the humanities, business. Are you fascinated by display technologies, solar energy, laser technologies (such as surgery

  16. Proceedings IEEE Symposium on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    the University of Toronto. He is a professor of mathematics, computer science, and electrical engineering. But the 7094 was soon supplanted by the IBM 360 series. Kahan first began to restore to computer arithmeticProceedings 17th IEEE Symposium on Computer Arithmetic ARITH-17 2005 27-29 June 2005 Cape Cod

  17. Photonic Quantum Logic with Narrowband Light from Single Atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Annemarie Holleczek; Oliver Barter; Allison Rubenok; Jerome Dilley; Peter B. R. Nisbet-Jones; Gunnar Langfahl-Klabes; Graham D. Marshall; Chris Sparrow; Jeremy L. O'Brien; Konstantinos Poulios; Axel Kuhn; Jonathan C. F. Matthews

    2015-08-13

    Increasing control of single photons enables new applications of photonic quantum-enhanced technology and further experimental exploration of fundamental quantum phenomena. Here, we demonstrate quantum logic using narrow linewidth photons that are produced under nearly perfect quantum control from a single ^87Rb atom strongly coupled to a high-finesse cavity. We use a controlled- NOT gate integrated into a photonic chip to entangle these photons, and we observe non-classical correlations between events separated by periods exceeding the travel time across the chip by three orders of magnitude. This enables quantum technology that will use the properties of both narrowband single photon sources and integrated quantum photonics, such as networked quantum computing, narrow linewidth quantum enhanced sensing and atomic memories.

  18. This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE JOURNAL OF PHOTOVOLTAICS 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atwater, Harry

    as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE JOURNAL OF PHOTOVOLTAICS 1 Wafer-Scale Growth of Silicon Microwire Arrays for Photovoltaics and Solar Fuel Generation Adele C. Tamboli, Member, IEEE, Christopher T-efficiency photovoltaics and pho- toelectrochemical fuel generation. A remaining challenge to mak- ing this technology

  19. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EMERGING TOPICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

    communication and computation costs. INDEX TERMS Range query, privacy, smart grid, encrypted data, metering data Metering Data for Smart Grid MI WEN1,2 (Member, IEEE), RONGXING LU3 (Member, IEEE), KUAN ZHANG2, JINGSHENG under Grant 12510500700. ABSTRACT Smart grid, envisioned as an indispensable power infrastructure

  20. Direct Photons at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klaus Reygers; for the PHENIX Collaboration

    2009-08-17

    A brief overview of direct-photon measurements in p+p and Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV with the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is given. Direct-photon yields for pT > 4 GeV/c and photon-hadron azimuthal correlations were determined with the aid of an electromagnetic calorimeter. By detecting e+e- pairs from the internal conversion of virtual photons direct-photon yields were measured between 1 photons from a quark-gluon plasma (QGP) are expected to contribute significantly to the total direct-photon yield in this range.

  1. Direct generation of photon triplets using cascaded photon-pair sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Hübel; D. R. Hamel; A. Fedrizzi; S. Ramelow; K. J. Resch; T. Jennewein

    2010-07-28

    Non-classical states of light, such as entangled photon pairs and number states, are essential for fundamental tests of quantum mechanics and optical quantum technologies. The most widespread technique for creating these quantum resources is the spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC) of laser light into photon pairs. Conservation of energy and momentum in this process, known as phase-matching, gives rise to strong correlations which are used to produce two-photon entanglement in various degrees of freedom. It has been a longstanding goal of the quantum optics community to realise a source that can produce analogous correlations in photon triplets, but of the many approaches considered, none have been technically feasible. In this paper we report the observation of photon triplets generated by cascaded down-conversion. Here each triplet originates from a single pump photon, and therefore quantum correlations will extend over all three photons in a way not achievable with independently created photon pairs. We expect our photon-triplet source to open up new avenues of quantum optics and become an important tool in quantum technologies. Our source will allow experimental interrogation of novel quantum correlations, the post-selection free generation of tripartite entanglement without post- selection and the generation of heralded entangled-photon pairs suitable for linear optical quantum computing. Two of the triplet photons have a wavelength matched for optimal transmission in optical fibres, ideally suited for three-party quantum communication. Furthermore, our results open interesting regimes of non-linear optics, as we observe spontaneous down-conversion pumped by single photons, an interaction also highly relevant to optical quantum computing.

  2. IEEE Wireless Communications February 200630 1536-1284/06/$20.00 2006 IEEE Gateway router

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Hai

    IEEE Wireless Communications · February 200630 1536-1284/06/$20.00 © 2006 IEEE Gateway router-exempt 2.4 GHz industri- al, scientific, and medical (ISM) frequency band, the IEEE 802.11b WLAN offers a data rate up to 11 Mb/s, while IEEE 802.11a WLAN and European Telecommunications Standard Insti- tute

  3. Photon-Photon Collisions -- Past and Future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC

    2005-12-02

    I give a brief review of the history of photon-photon physics and a survey of its potential at future electron-positron colliders. Exclusive hadron production processes in photon-photon and electron-photon collisions provide important tests of QCD at the amplitude level, particularly as measures of hadron distribution amplitudes. There are also important high energy {gamma}{gamma} and e{gamma} tests of quantum chromodynamics, including the production of jets in photon-photon collisions, deeply virtual Compton scattering on a photon target, and leading-twist single-spin asymmetries for a photon polarized normal to a production plane. Since photons couple directly to all fundamental fields carrying the electromagnetic current including leptons, quarks, W's and supersymmetric particles, high energy {gamma}{gamma} collisions will provide a comprehensive laboratory for Higgs production and exploring virtually every aspect of the Standard Model and its extensions. High energy back-scattered laser beams will thus greatly extend the range of physics of the International Linear Collider.

  4. A Reconfigurable Microwave Photonic Channelized Receiver Based on Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing Using an Optical Comb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    A Reconfigurable Microwave Photonic Channelized Receiver Based on Dense Wavelength Division, Hangzhou, 310027 China b Microwave Photonics Research Laboratory, School of Information Technology: Received 27 September 2011 Accepted 13 January 2012 Available online 30 January 2012 Keywords: Microwave

  5. GeSi photodetectors and electro-absorption modulators for Si electronic-photonic integrated circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jifeng, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    The silicon electronic-photonic integrated circuit (EPIC) has emerged as a promising technology to break through the interconnect bottlenecks in telecommunications and on-chip interconnects. High performance photonic ...

  6. Photonics Research and Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pookpanratana, Sujitra; Shlayan, Neveen; Venkat, Rama; Das, Bisjwajit; Boehm, Bob; Heske, Clemens; Fraser, Donald; Moustakas, Theodore

    2010-01-15

    During the period August 2005 through October 2009, the UNLV Research Foundation (UNLVRF), a non-profit affiliate of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), in collaboration with UNLVâ??s Colleges of Science and Engineering; Boston University (BU); Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); and Sunlight Direct, LLC, has managed and conducted a diverse and comprehensive research and development program focused on light-emitting diode (LED) technologies that provide significantly improved characteristics for lighting and display applications. This final technical report provides detailed information on the nature of the tasks, the results of the research, and the deliverables. It is estimated that about five percent of the energy used in the nation is for lighting homes, buildings and streets, accounting for some 25 percent of the average homeâ??s electric bill. However, the figure is significantly higher for the commercial sector. About 60 percent of the electricity for businesses is for lighting. Thus replacement of current lighting with solid-state lighting technology has the potential to significantly reduce this nationâ??s energy consumption â?? by some estimates, possibly as high as 20%. The primary objective of this multi-year R&D project has been to develop and advance lighting technologies to improve national energy conversion efficiencies; reduce heat load; and significantly lower the cost of conventional lighting technologies. The UNLVRF and its partners have specifically focused these talents on (1) improving LED technologies; (2) optimizing hybrid solar lighting, a technology which potentially offers the benefits of blending natural with artificial lighting systems, thus improving energy efficiency; and (3) building a comprehensive academic infrastructure within UNLV which concentrates on photonics R&D. Task researchers have reported impressive progress in (1) the development of quantum dot laser emitting diodes (QDLEDs) which will ultimately improve energy efficiency and lower costs for display and lighting applications (UNLV College of Engineering); (2) advancing green LED technology based on the Indium-Gallium-Nitride system (BU), thus improving conversion efficiencies; (3) employing unique state-of-the-art X-ray, electron and optical spectroscopies with microscopic techniques to learn more about the electronic structure of materials and contacts in LED devices (UNLV College of Science); (4) establishing a UNLV Display Lighting Laboratory staffed with a specialized team of academic researchers, students and industrial partners focused on identifying and implementing engineering solutions for lighting display-related problems; and (5) conducting research, development and demonstration for HSL essential to the resolution of technological barriers to commercialization.

  7. Two-photon spectroscopy of excitons with entangled photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlawin, F; Schlawin, F; Mukamel, S

    2013-01-01

    probe experiment with entangled photons. The two beams arethe light state changes from twin photons to squeezed light.139, 244110 (2013) Two-photon spectroscopy of excitons with

  8. A Diamond Nanowire Single Photon Antenna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Babinec; Birgit J. M. Hausmann; Mughees Khan; Yinan Zhang; Jero Maze; Philip R. Hemmer; Marko Loncar

    2009-10-28

    The development of a robust light source that emits one photon at a time is an outstanding challenge in quantum science and technology. Here, at the transition from many to single photon optical communication systems, fully quantum mechanical effects may be utilized to achieve new capabilities, most notably perfectly secure communication via quantum cryptography. Practical implementations place stringent requirements on the device properties, including stable photon generation, room temperature operation, and efficient extraction of many photons. Single photon light emitting devices based on fluorescent dye molecules, quantum dots, and carbon nanotube material systems have all been explored, but none have simultaneously demonstrated all criteria. Here, we describe the design, fabrication, and characterization of a bright source of single photons consisting of an individual Nitrogen-vacancy color center (NV center) in a diamond nanowire operating in ambient conditions. The nanowire plays a positive role in increasing the number of single photons collected from the NV center by an order of magnitude over devices based on bulk diamond crystals, and allows operation at an order of magnitude lower power levels. This result enables a new class of nanostructured diamond devices for room temperature photonic and quantum information processing applications, and will also impact fields as diverse as biological and chemical sensing, opto-mechanics, and scanning-probe microscopy.

  9. 617IEEE TRANSACTlONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING. YOL. 16. NO. S. OCTOBER 1997 Y. Ziya Ider,* Member,IEEE,and L. Tugan Muftuler, Member,IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ider, Yusuf Ziya

    617IEEE TRANSACTlONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING. YOL. 16. NO. S. OCTOBER 1997 Y. Ziya Ider,* Member,IEEE,and L. Tugan Muftuler, Member,IEEE Abstract-Electric currents are applied to body in numerous

  10. Effect of Loss on Multiplexed Single-Photon Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damien Bonneau; Gabriel J. Mendoza; Jeremy L. O'Brien; Mark G. Thompson

    2015-04-29

    An on-demand single-photon source is a key requirement for scaling many optical quantum technologies. A promising approach to realize an on-demand single-photon source is to multiplex an array of heralded single-photon sources using an active optical switching network. However, the performance of multiplexed sources is degraded by photon loss in the optical components and the non-unit detection efficiency of the heralding detectors. We provide a theoretical description of a general multiplexed single-photon source with lossy components and derive expressions for the output probabilities of single-photon emission and multi-photon contamination. We apply these expressions to three specific multiplexing source architectures and consider their tradeoffs in design and performance. To assess the effect of lossy components on near- and long-term experimental goals, we simulate the multiplexed sources when used for many-photon state generation under various amounts of component loss. We find that with a multiplexed source composed of switches with ~0.2-0.4 dB loss and high efficiency number-resolving detectors, a single-photon source capable of efficiently producing 20-40 photon states with low multi-photon contamination is possible, offering the possibility of unlocking new classes of experiments and technologies.

  11. Nuclear Photonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Habs; M. M. Guenther; M. Jentschel; P. G. Thirolf

    2012-01-21

    With new gamma-beam facilities like MEGa-ray at LLNL (USA) or ELI-NP at Bucharest with 10^13 g/s and a bandwidth of Delta E_g/E_g ~10^-3, a new era of g-beams with energies <=20 MeV comes into operation, compared to the present world-leading HIGS facility (Duke Univ., USA) with 10^8 g/s and Delta E_g/E_g~0.03. Even a seeded quantum FEL for g-beams may become possible, with much higher brilliance and spectral flux. At the same time new exciting possibilities open up for focused g-beams. We describe a new experiment at the g-beam of the ILL reactor (Grenoble), where we observed for the first time that the index of refraction for g-beams is determined by virtual pair creation. Using a combination of refractive and reflective optics, efficient monochromators for g-beams are being developed. Thus we have to optimize the system of the g-beam facility, the g-beam optics and g-detectors. We can trade g-intensity for band width, going down to Delta E_g/E_g ~ 10^-6 and address individual nuclear levels. 'Nuclear photonics' stresses the importance of nuclear applications. We can address with g-beams individual nuclear isotopes and not just elements like with X-ray beams. Compared to X rays, g-beams can penetrate much deeper into big samples like radioactive waste barrels, motors or batteries. We can perform tomography and microscopy studies by focusing down to micron resolution using Nucl. Reson. Fluorescence for detection with eV resolution and high spatial resolution. We discuss the dominating M1 and E1 excitations like scissors mode, two-phonon quadrupole octupole excitations, pygmy dipole excitations or giant dipole excitations under the new facet of applications. We find many new applications in biomedicine, green energy, radioactive waste management or homeland security. Also more brilliant secondary beams of neutrons and positrons can be produced.

  12. IEEE JOURNAL OCEANIC ENGINEERING 1 Visually Augmented Navigation for Autonomous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Hanumant

    IEEE JOURNAL OCEANIC ENGINEERING 1 Visually Augmented Navigation for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Ryan M. Eustice, Member, IEEE, Oscar Pizarro, Member, IEEE, and Hanumant Singh, Member, IEEE Abstract was presented in part at the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, New Orleans, USA, April

  13. IEEE 1547 and 2030 Standards for Distributed Energy Resources Interconnection and Interoperability with the Electricity Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basso, T.

    2014-12-01

    Public-private partnerships have been a mainstay of the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (DOE/NREL) approach to research and development. These partnerships also include technology development that enables grid modernization and distributed energy resources (DER) advancement, especially renewable energy systems integration with the grid. Through DOE/NREL and industry support of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) standards development, the IEEE 1547 series of standards has helped shape the way utilities and other businesses have worked together to realize increasing amounts of DER interconnected with the distribution grid. And more recently, the IEEE 2030 series of standards is helping to further realize greater implementation of communications and information technologies that provide interoperability solutions for enhanced integration of DER and loads with the grid. For these standards development partnerships, for approximately $1 of federal funding, industry partnering has contributed $5. In this report, the status update is presented for the American National Standards IEEE 1547 and IEEE 2030 series of standards. A short synopsis of the history of the 1547 standards is first presented, then the current status and future direction of the ongoing standards development activities are discussed.

  14. 136 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ADVANCED PACKAGING, VOL. 25, NO. 2, MAY 2002 Integrated RF Architectures in Fully-Organic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    136 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ADVANCED PACKAGING, VOL. 25, NO. 2, MAY 2002 Integrated RF Architectures generation technology of choice for electronic packaging. It uses a cost effective process, while offering on package (SOP) technology. Compact, high inductors, and embedded filter designs for wireless module

  15. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 59, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2012 2667 Strain and Temperature Dependence of Defect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Alamo, Jesús A.

    -Han Lin, Student Member, IEEE, Tyler A. Merz, Daniel R. Doutt, Jungwoo Joh, Jesús A. del Alamo, Fellow. del Alamo is with the Microsystems Technology Laboratories, Mas- sachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 02139 USA (email: alamo@mit.edu). U. K. Mishra is with the Department of Electrical

  16. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 39, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2009 3 Guest Editorial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theune, Mariët

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 39, NO. 1, FEBRUARY that people simply cannot live without them. We use this technology to work, to communicate, to shop, to seek-centered technologies capable of seamless interac- tion with people) is realizing machine understanding of human

  17. IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, VOL. 12, NO. 12. DECEMBER 1991 An InAlAs/InAs MODFET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Alamo, Jesús A.

    -behaved characteristics, showing sharp pinch-off ( V,, = -0.8 V) and small output con- ductance (5 mS/mm) at 300 K's that only contain arsenides because of their well-established growth and pro- cessing technologies of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139. IEEE

  18. Optimize Storage Placement in Sensor Bo Sheng, Member, IEEE, Qun Li, Member, IEEE, and Weizhen Mao, Member, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mao, Weizhen

    1 Optimize Storage Placement in Sensor Networks Bo Sheng, Member, IEEE, Qun Li, Member, IEEE, and Weizhen Mao, Member, IEEE Abstract--Data storage has become an important issue in sensor networks as a large amount of collected data need to be archived for future information retrieval. Storage nodes

  19. Energy-Aware MPEG-4 FGS Streaming Kihwan Choi, Member IEEE, Kwanho Kim, Member IEEE, and Massoud Pedram, Fellow IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Energy-Aware MPEG-4 FGS Streaming Kihwan Choi, Member IEEE, Kwanho Kim, Member IEEE, and Massoud Pedram, Fellow IEEE Abstract -- In this paper, we propose an energy-aware MPEG-4 FGS video streaming-aware. Index Terms -- MPEG-4 FGS, video streaming, communication energy, computation energy. I. INTRODUCTION

  20. IEEE Wireless Communications December 200582 1536-1284/05/$20.00 2005 IEEE (d) MAC level version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yuanzhu Peter

    IEEE Wireless Communications · December 200582 1536-1284/05/$20.00 © 2005 IEEE MAC frame 1 PHY a new standardization effort, IEEE 802.11n, an amendment to IEEE 802.11 standards that it is capable networks (WLANs) are becoming more popular and increasingly relied on. The IEEE 802.11 WLAN is accepted

  1. 1540-7977/11/$26.002011 IEEE2 ieee power & energy magazine september/october 2011 Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Sumit

    , india, and rus- sia). clearly, while incorporating a wide variety of renewable (non-fossil-fuel) sourcesIEEE 1540-7977/11/$26.00©2011 IEEE2 ieee power & energy magazine september/october 2011 Lines of publication: #12;IEEE september/october 2011 ieee power & energy magazine 3 F

  2. R. Neches, R. Fikes, T. Finin, T. Gruber, R. Patil, T. Senator, and W. Swartout. Enabling technology for knowledge sharing.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finin, Tim

    technology for knowledge sharing. AI Magazine, 12(3):36 -- 56, Fall 1991. Jeff Y-C Pan and Jay M. Tenenbaum. An intelligent agent framework for enterprise integration. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, 21 for cooperation in distributed problem solving. IEEE Transactions on System, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC-11

  3. 1092 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 39, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2009 A New Approach for Analyzing Average Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Xin

    1092 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 39, NO. 5 and Technology Department under Grant 08080703016, and by an Engineering and Physical Science Research Council, Department of Computer Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027

  4. 20153IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Control Sysems Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    20153IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Control Sysems Society President-Elect, President, Past President32014 Q: IEEE Control Systems Society IEEE A IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) 42 IEEE41 IEEE 802.11aLAN IEEE Computer, ComSoc (Communications Society), SP

  5. Cylindrical photonic crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ibanescu, Mihai, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    In this thesis, we explore the properties of cylindrical photonic crystal waveguides in which light is confined laterally by the band gap of a cylindrically-layered photonic crystal. We show in particular that axially-uniform ...

  6. Battery Emulation 150 0740-7475/05/$20.00 2005 IEEE Copublished by the IEEE CS and the IEEE CASS IEEE Design & Test of Computers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    Battery Emulation 150 0740-7475/05/$20.00 © 2005 IEEE Copublished by the IEEE CS and the IEEE CASS in portable devices such as PDAs and celluar phones, batteries are quickly becoming a lim- iting factor. Recently, researchers have started develop- ing battery-aware power management techniques that exploit

  7. Exploration of photon-number entangled states using weak nonlinearities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yingqiu He; Dong Ding; Fengli Yan; Ting Gao

    2015-04-03

    A method for exploring photon-number entangled states with weak nonlinearities is described. We show that it is possible to create and detect such entanglement at various scales, ranging from microscopic to macroscopic systems. In the present architecture, we suggest that the maximal phase shift induced in the process of interaction between photons is proportional to photon numbers. Also, in the absence of decoherence we analyze maximum error probability and show its feasibility with current technology.

  8. Composite Photon Theory Versus Elementary Photon Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walton A. Perkins

    2015-03-02

    The purpose of this paper is to show that the composite photon theory measures up well against the Standard Model's elementary photon theory. This is done by comparing the two theories area by area. Although the predictions of quantum electrodynamics are in excellent agreement with experiment (as in the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron), there are some problems, such as the difficulty in describing the electromagnetic field with the four-component vector potential because the photon has only two polarization states. In most areas the two theories give similar results, so it is impossible to rule out the composite photon theory. Pryce's arguments in 1938 against a composite photon theory are shown to be invalid or irrelevant. Recently, it has been realized that in the composite theory the antiphoton does not interact with matter because it is formed of a neutrino and an antineutrino with the wrong helicity. This leads to experimental tests that can determine which theory is correct.

  9. Improving IEEE 802.15.4 for Low-latency Energy-efficient Industrial Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breu, Ruth

    &D" of Siemens AG is currently evaluating wireless technology in the field of industrial automation.1 An Industrial Case Study The typical application scenario for automation environments to be studiedImproving IEEE 802.15.4 for Low-latency Energy-efficient Industrial Applications Feng Chen Computer

  10. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 61, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2013 4381 Importance of Symbol Equity in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chee, Yeow Meng

    . 1. INTRODUCTION POWER line communications (PLC) is a technology that enables the transmission of data over electric power lines. It was started in the 1910's for voice communication [2], and used in Coded Modulation for Power Line Communications Yeow Meng Chee, Senior Member, IEEE, Han Mao Kiah

  11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 57, NO. 6, JUNE 2010 1261 Fabrication and Characterization of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Alamo, Jesús A.

    and Characterization of Through-Substrate Interconnects Joyce H. Wu and Jesús A. del Alamo, Fellow, IEEE Abstract. She is now with Pixtronix, Inc., Andover, MA 01810 USA (e-mail: jowu@mit.edu). J. A. del Alamo is with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA (e-mail: alamo@mit.edu). Color versions of one

  12. 370 IEEE/ASME TRANSACTIONS ON MECHATRONICS, VOL. 13, NO. 3, JUNE 2008 Short Papers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavroidis, Constantinos

    370 IEEE/ASME TRANSACTIONS ON MECHATRONICS, VOL. 13, NO. 3, JUNE 2008 Short Papers MRI in the class of MRI-compatible mechatronic systems. Index Terms--Actuator, contractile, dielectric elastomer imaging. Recently, robotic technologies and mechatronic systems that utilize MRI have in- creasingly

  13. IEEE COMMUNICATIONS MAGAZINE, SPECIAL ISSUE MULTIACCESS FOR BROADBAND WIRELESS 100 Wireless Bandwidth in the Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verdú, Sergio

    IEEE COMMUNICATIONS MAGAZINE, SPECIAL ISSUE MULTIACCESS FOR BROADBAND WIRELESS 100 Wireless to approaching the information theoretic limits of wireless multiple­access channels. This article offers a brief review of those technologies and their promise to meet future demand for wireless data rate. Keywords

  14. 136 IEEE POWER ELECTRONICS LETTERS, VOL. 3, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2005 Modeling of Capacitor Impedance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Jonathan W.

    as alternatives to traditional, inductor-based switching power converters. Proper design of SC converters requires. Compar- isons to inductor-based switching power converters are made. A number of capacitor technologies136 IEEE POWER ELECTRONICS LETTERS, VOL. 3, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2005 Modeling of Capacitor Impedance

  15. 6068 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 8, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2009 Optimality of Diagonalization of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    6068 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 8, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2009 Optimality) wireless communication techniques enhance sys- tem reliability and increase system capacity. To efficiently) is with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Curtin University of Technology, Bentley, WA 6102

  16. Photon Physics in ALICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Peressounko; Y. Kharlov; for the ALICE collaboration

    2009-09-17

    We give an overview of photon physics which will be studied by the ALICE experiment in proton-proton and heavy ion collisions at LHC. We compare properties of ALICE photon detectors and estimate their ability to measure neutral meson and direct photon spectra as well as gamma-hadron and gamma-jet correlations in pp and Pb+Pb collisions.

  17. How far can one send a photon?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas Gisin

    2015-08-03

    The answer to the question {\\it How far can one send a photon?} depends heavily on what one means by {\\it a photon} and on what one intends to do with that photon. For direct quantum communication the limit is of about 500 km. For terrestrial quantum communication, near future technologies based on quantum teleportation and quantum memories will soon enable quantum repeaters that will turn the development of a world-wide-quantum-web (WWQW) into a (highly non-trivial) engineering problem. For Device Independent Quantum Information Processing, near future qubit amplifiers (i.e. probabilistic heralded amplification of the probability amplitude of presence of photonic qubits) will soon allow demonstrations over a few tens of km.

  18. How far can one send a photon?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas Gisin

    2015-09-03

    The answer to the question {\\it How far can one send a photon?} depends heavily on what one means by {\\it a photon} and on what one intends to do with that photon. For direct quantum communication the limit is of about 500 km. For terrestrial quantum communication, near future technologies based on quantum teleportation and quantum memories will soon enable quantum repeaters that will turn the development of a world-wide-quantum-web (WWQW) into a (highly non-trivial) engineering problem. For Device Independent Quantum Information Processing, near future qubit amplifiers (i.e. probabilistic heralded amplification of the probability amplitude of presence of photonic qubits) will soon allow demonstrations over a few tens of km.

  19. Photon: history, mass, charge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. B. Okun

    2006-02-13

    The talk consists of three parts. ``History'' briefly describes the emergence and evolution of the concept of photon during the first two decades of the 20th century. ``Mass'' gives a short review of the literature on the upper limit of the photon's mass. ``Charge'' is a critical discussion of the existing interpretation of searches for photon charge. Schemes, in which all photons are charged, are grossly inconsistent. A model with three kinds of photons (positive, negative and neutral) seems at first sight to be more consistent, but turns out to have its own serious problems.

  20. Single-photon nonlinear optics with a quantum dot in a waveguide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Javadi, A; Arcari, M; Hansen, S L; Midolo, L; Mahmoodian, S; Kiršansk?, G; Pregnolato, T; Lee, E H; Song, J D; Stobbe, S; Lodahl, P

    2015-01-01

    Strong nonlinear interactions between photons enable logic operations for both classical and quantum-information technology. Unfortunately, nonlinear interactions are usually feeble and therefore all-optical logic gates tend to be inefficient. A quantum emitter deterministically coupled to a propagating mode fundamentally changes the situation, since each photon inevitably interacts with the emitter, and highly correlated many-photon states may be created . Here we show that a single quantum dot in a photonic-crystal waveguide can be utilized as a giant nonlinearity sensitive at the single-photon level. The nonlinear response is revealed from the intensity and quantum statistics of the scattered photons, and contains contributions from an entangled photon-photon bound state. The quantum nonlinearity will find immediate applications for deterministic Bell-state measurements and single-photon transistors and paves the way to scalable waveguide-based photonic quantum-computing architectures.

  1. Single-photon nonlinear optics with a quantum dot in a waveguide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Javadi; I. Söllner; M. Arcari; S. L. Hansen; L. Midolo; S. Mahmoodian; G. Kiršansk?; T. Pregnolato; E. H. Lee; J. D. Song; S. Stobbe; P. Lodahl

    2015-04-26

    Strong nonlinear interactions between photons enable logic operations for both classical and quantum-information technology. Unfortunately, nonlinear interactions are usually feeble and therefore all-optical logic gates tend to be inefficient. A quantum emitter deterministically coupled to a propagating mode fundamentally changes the situation, since each photon inevitably interacts with the emitter, and highly correlated many-photon states may be created . Here we show that a single quantum dot in a photonic-crystal waveguide can be utilized as a giant nonlinearity sensitive at the single-photon level. The nonlinear response is revealed from the intensity and quantum statistics of the scattered photons, and contains contributions from an entangled photon-photon bound state. The quantum nonlinearity will find immediate applications for deterministic Bell-state measurements and single-photon transistors and paves the way to scalable waveguide-based photonic quantum-computing architectures.

  2. Studies of advanced integrated nano-photonic devices in silicon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahlem, Marcus

    2011-01-01

    Electronic-photonic integrated circuits (EPICs) are a promising technology for overcoming bandwidth and power-consumption bottlenecks of traditional integrated circuits. Silicon is a good candidate for building such devices, ...

  3. Science at the Speed of Light: Advanced Photon Source

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Murray Gibson

    2010-01-08

    An introduction and overview of the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory, the technology that produces the brightest x-ray beams in the Western Hemisphere, and the research carried out by scientists using those x-rays.

  4. Session 1626 PRIDE: Photonics Research in Interdisciplinary Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract A new combined research-curriculum development (CRCD) program at Boston University titled from standard curricular development. This approach reduces the barriers to entry for cross, reliability, and cost ." A. Technological Challenge The photonics industry is increasingly characterized

  5. The Implementation of Photon Polarization into the Mercury Transport Code 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Windsor, Ethan

    2014-06-04

    Polarization effects have been ignored in most photon transport codes to date, but new technology has created a need for portable, massively parallel, versatile transport codes that include the effects of polarization. In ...

  6. 7 2 IEEE SOFTWARE Published by the IEEE Computer Society 0740-7459/06/$20.00 2006 IEEE Aggregating experimental results derived

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    7 2 IEEE SOFTWARE Published by the IEEE Computer Society 0740-7459/06/$20.00 © 2006 IEEE practitioners make decisions. We made an extensive search in IEEE Xplore and ACM digital libraries looking). Some other experiments study the quality of test-case sets according to dif- ferent criteria

  7. CREOL & FPCE, THE COLLEGE OF OPTICS AND PHOTONICS Industrial Affiliates Day April 13, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Stryland, Eric

    CREOL & FPCE, THE COLLEGE OF OPTICS AND PHOTONICS Industrial Affiliates Day ­ April 13, 2007 Theme Dean, College of Optics and Photonics 9:05 "High power lasers, some applications, and their future of Optics & Photonics 9:40 "Attosecond Science and Technology" Dr. Paul Corkum Program Leader, Atomic

  8. Fiber Bragg gratings for microwave photonics Chao Wang and Jianping Yao*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    Fiber Bragg gratings for microwave photonics subsystems Chao Wang and Jianping Yao* Microwave, Ontario K1N 6N5, Canada *jpyao@eecs.uottawa.ca Abstract: Microwave photonics (MWP) is an emerging filed in which photonic technologies are employed to enable and enhance functionalities in microwave systems

  9. Wireless mesh networks have emerged as a promising technology for providing ubiquitous access to mobile users, and quick and easy extension of local area net-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hou, Y. Thomas

    Abstract Wireless mesh networks have emerged as a promising technology for providing ubiquitous for multiple-description video communications in wireless mesh networks. We aim to answer the following in wireless mesh 190890-8044/08/$25.00 © 2008 IEEE TT IEEE Network · January/February 2008 Shiwen Mao, Auburn

  10. Photon Power Technologies PPT | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC JumpPhono Solar Jump to: navigation, search

  11. Report on the first VLHC photon stop cryogenic design experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Geynisman et al.

    2003-09-15

    As part of Fermilab's study of a Very Large Hadron Collider, a water-cooled photon stop was proposed as a device to intercept the synchrotron radiation emitted by the high-energy proton beams in the high field superconducting magnets with minimal plug-cooling power. Photon stops are radiation absorbers operating at room temperature that protrude into the beam tube at the end of each bending magnet to scrape the synchrotron light emitted by the beam one magnet up-stream. Among the technological challenges regarding photon stops is their cryo-design. The photon stop is water-cooled and operates in a cryogenic environment. A careful cryo-design is therefore essential to enable operation at minimum heat transfer between the room temperature sections and the cryogenic parts. A photon stop cryo-design was developed and a prototype was built. This paper presents the results of the cryogenic experiments conducted on the first VLHC photon stop prototype.

  12. Curves and The Photon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Stodolsky

    2005-11-28

    The study of the number of photons leads to a new way of characterizing curves and to a novel integral invariant over curves.

  13. Photons & Fusion Newsletter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Photons & Fusion Newsletter May 2012 Reducing the Time to Grow Good Cryogenic Layers One of the most demanding aspects of preparing targets for NIF ignition experiments is...

  14. Photons & Fusion Newsletter - 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    news Photons & Fusion Newsletter - 2014 May ARC Beamlet Profiles NIF Petawatt Laser Is on Track to Completion The Advanced Radiographic Capability (ARC), a petawatt-class laser now...

  15. 36 IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine December 2004 1094-6969/04/$20.002004IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alippi, Cesare

    36 IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine December 2004 1094-6969/04/$20.00©2004IEEE P arks, and Giorgio Vassena © ARTVILLE #12;December 2004 IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine 37 Before GPS, and bridges. With the availability of GPS in more recent years, this trend is changing. Cartographers now

  16. Deterministic photon-emitter coupling in chiral photonic circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Immo Söllner; Sahand Mahmoodian; Sofie Lindskov Hansen; Leonardo Midolo; Alisa Javadi; Gabija Kiršansk?; Tommaso Pregnolato; Haitham El-Ella; Eun Hye Lee; Jin Dong Song; Søren Stobbe; Peter Lodahl

    2015-01-12

    The ability to engineer photon emission and photon scattering is at the heart of modern photonics applications ranging from light harvesting, through novel compact light sources, to quantum-information processing based on single photons. Nanophotonic waveguides are particularly well suited for such applications since they confine photon propagation to a 1D geometry thereby increasing the interaction between light and matter. Adding chiral functionalities to nanophotonic waveguides lead to new opportunities enabling integrated and robust quantum-photonic devices or the observation of novel topological photonic states. In a regular waveguide, a quantum emitter radiates photons in either of two directions, and photon emission and absorption are reverse processes. This symmetry is violated in nanophotonic structures where a non-transversal local electric field implies that both photon emission and scattering may become directional. Here we experimentally demonstrate that the internal state of a quantum emitter determines the chirality of single-photon emission in a specially engineered photonic-crystal waveguide. Single-photon emission into the waveguide with a directionality of more than 90\\% is observed under conditions where practically all emitted photons are coupled to the waveguide. Such deterministic and highly directional photon emission enables on-chip optical diodes, circulators operating at the single-photon level, and deterministic quantum gates. Based on our experimental demonstration, we propose an experimentally achievable and fully scalable deterministic photon-photon CNOT gate, which so far has been missing in photonic quantum-information processing where most gates are probabilistic.

  17. www.uml.edu/physics Investigating Emerging Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    www.uml.edu/physics Investigating Emerging Technologies The Applied Physics Programs established the University of Massachusetts Lowell's Physics Department as a leader in materials science, photonics device fabrication techniques, biomedical photonics applications, atmospheric and space physics

  18. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 61, NO. 9, MAY 2013 1 Fast Directional Spatially Localized

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEwen, Jason

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 61, NO. 9, MAY 2013 1 Fast Directional Spatially Localized Spherical Harmonic Transform Zubair Khalid, Student Member, IEEE, Rodney A. Kennedy, Fellow, IEEE, Salman Durrani, Senior Member, IEEE, Parastoo Sadeghi, Senior Member, IEEE, Yves Wiaux, Member, IEEE

  19. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, August 1998, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 459 -467. AUDITORY GUIDANCE WITH THE NAVBELT -A COMPUTERIZED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Johann

    IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, August 1998, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 459 - 467. The transfer of mobile robot technology is a new approach in the development of ETA's for the blind. Robots., 1983]). However, in these applications mobile robot technology is applied (rather then transferred

  20. 490 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 31, NO. 4, AUGUST 2001 Neural Dynamic Optimization for Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Widrow, Bernard

    490 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 31, NO. 4, AUGUST, most real-world dynamical systems are inherently nonlinear. Second, modern technology, such as high in such technology. The challenge for control design is to fully utilize this additional information and degrees

  1. 2 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART A: SYSTEMS AND HUMANS, VOL. 39, NO. 1, JANUARY 2009 Guest Editorial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowyer, Kevin W.

    IEEEProof 2 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART A: SYSTEMS AND HUMANS, VOL. 39 Biometrics: Theory, Applications, and Systems Conference THE SYSTEMS, Man, and Cybernetics Society sponsored Research, Booz Allen Hamilton, IBM, Thales Research & Technology, ID Technology, France Telecom, GE Global

  2. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART A: SYSTEMS AND HUMANS, VOL. 39, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 2009 1007 Metasynthesis: M-Space, M-Interaction, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Longbing

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART A: SYSTEMS AND HUMANS, VOL. 39, NO. 5 and technology. Open complex giant systems (OCGSs) are a family of specially complex systems with system current and future science and technology [2], [7], [50], [51], [55], [65]. They seriously affect

  3. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 35, NO. 4, AUGUST 2005 801 Euler Vector for Search and Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundu, Malay Kumar

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 35, NO. 4, AUGUST Corporation. This paper was presented in part at the International Conference on Information Technology. Sarkar. A. Bishnu is with the Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Ishikawa, Nomi

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 39, NO. 3, JUNE 2009 723 A Global Repair Operator for Capacitated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Xin

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 39, NO. 3, JUNE 2009 are with the Nature Inspired Computation and Appli- cations Laboratory, Department of Computer Science and Technology, Uni- versity of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China (e-mail: meiyi

  5. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 31, NO. 3, JUNE 2001 341 Adaptive Tracking Control of a Wheeled Mobile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Warren

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 31, NO. 3, JUNE 2001 for Advanced Technology. This paper was recommended by Associate Editor R. A. Hess. W. E. Dixon, Bell Laboratory Innovations, Lucent Technologies, Sturbridge, MA 01566 USA. Publisher Item Identifier

  6. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 39, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2009 1393 Cooperative Control and Potential Games

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslan, Gürdal

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 39, NO. 6, DECEMBER, California Institute of Technology, by the Army Research Office under Grant W911NF04316, by the Air Force. R. Marden is with the Social and Information Sciences Laboratory, California Institute of Technology

  7. 1590 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 39, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2009 A New Constructive Algorithm for Architectural and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Xin

    1590 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 39, NO. 6 of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh, and also with the Department of Human and Artificial- neering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh. Md. F. Amin

  8. 1654 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 41, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2011 A Memetic Algorithm for Periodic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Xin

    1654 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 41, NO. 6 Inspired Computation and Appli- cations Laboratory, School of Computer Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China (e-mail: meiyi@ mail.ustc.edu.cn; ketang

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART A: SYSTEMS AND HUMANS, VOL. 35, NO. 1, JANUARY 2005 121 Control and Learning of Ambience by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutishauser, Ueli

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART A: SYSTEMS AND HUMANS, VOL. 35, NO. 1 Engineering at the California Institute of Technology. This paper was recommended by Guest Editor G. L of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA (e-mail: urut@easc.ch). J. Joller is with the Department of Computer

  10. 482 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 31, NO. 4, AUGUST 2001 Neural Dynamic Optimization for Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Widrow, Bernard

    482 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 31, NO. 4, AUGUST, most real-world dynamical systems are inherently nonlinear. Second, modern technology, such as high in such technology. The challenge for control design is to fully utilize this additional information and degrees

  11. Photon beam position monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuzay, T.M.; Shu, D.

    1995-02-07

    A photon beam position monitor is disclosed for use in the front end of a beamline of a high heat flux and high energy photon source such as a synchrotron radiation storage ring detects and measures the position and, when a pair of such monitors are used in tandem, the slope of a photon beam emanating from an insertion device such as a wiggler or an undulator inserted in the straight sections of the ring. The photon beam position monitor includes a plurality of spaced blades for precisely locating the photon beam, with each blade comprised of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) diamond with an outer metal coating of a photon sensitive metal such as tungsten, molybdenum, etc., which combination emits electrons when a high energy photon beam is incident upon the blade. Two such monitors are contemplated for use in the front end of the beamline, with the two monitors having vertically and horizontally offset detector blades to avoid blade ''shadowing''. Provision is made for aligning the detector blades with the photon beam and limiting detector blade temperature during operation. 18 figs.

  12. Photonic layered media

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Lin, Shawn-Yu (Albuquerque, NM)

    2002-01-01

    A new class of structured dielectric media which exhibit significant photonic bandstructure has been invented. The new structures, called photonic layered media, are easy to fabricate using existing layer-by-layer growth techniques, and offer the ability to significantly extend our practical ability to tailor the properties of such optical materials.

  13. Function Photonic Crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiang-Yao Wu; Bai-Jun Zhang; Jing-Hai Yang; Xiao-Jing Liu; Nuo Ba; Yi-Heng Wu; Qing-Cai Wang; Guang-Huai Wang

    2012-12-01

    In the paper, we present a new kind of function photonic crystals, which refractive index is a function of space position. Unlike conventional PCs, which structure grow from two materials, A and B, with different dielectric constants $\\epsilon_{A}$ and $\\epsilon_{B}$. By Fermat principle, we give the motion equations of light in one-dimensional, two-dimensional and three-dimensional function photonic crystals. For one-dimensional function photonic crystals, we study the dispersion relation, band gap structure and transmissivity, and compare them with conventional photonic crystals. By choosing various refractive index distribution function $n(z)$, we can obtain more width or more narrow band gap structure than conventional photonic crystals.

  14. Ion photon emission microscope

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Doyle, Barney L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2003-04-22

    An ion beam analysis system that creates microscopic multidimensional image maps of the effects of high energy ions from an unfocussed source upon a sample by correlating the exact entry point of an ion into a sample by projection imaging of the ion-induced photons emitted at that point with a signal from a detector that measures the interaction of that ion within the sample. The emitted photons are collected in the lens system of a conventional optical microscope, and projected on the image plane of a high resolution single photon position sensitive detector. Position signals from this photon detector are then correlated in time with electrical effects, including the malfunction of digital circuits, detected within the sample that were caused by the individual ion that created these photons initially.

  15. ACCEPTED VERSION, IEEE TRANS. ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS, PART B: CYBERNETICS. FINAL PUBLICATION AVAILABLE AT IEEEXPLORE.IEEE.ORG 1 Human-Centered Design and Evaluation of Haptic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ACCEPTED VERSION, IEEE TRANS. ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS, PART B: CYBERNETICS. FINAL and Technology through the National Research Foundation of Korea (R31-10008), and a Korea Research Foundation. Robuffo Giordano are with the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Spemannstraße 38, 72076 T

  16. Photons at PHENIX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldo Sahlmueller; for the PHENIX collaboration

    2010-02-01

    Direct photons are a powerful probe to study the properties of the unique matter created in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. They carry information on the various stages of a heavy-ion collision. At different transverse momenta (pT), different production processes dominate the direct photon yield in heavy-ion collisions. Photons at high pT can be used to study initial hard scattering processes while photons at low and intermediate pT provide direct information on the hot and dense medium created in such collisions since they origin predominantly from jet-medium interactions and from thermal radiation from the medium itself. PHENIX has measured direct-photon yields over a broad pT and energy range in different collision systems such as Au+Au and Cu+Cu, allowing systematic studies of the behavior of direct photons in heavy-ion collisions. Two different methods have been used to measure the direct photons. An excess of direct photons in Au+Au collisions at low pT beyond the expectation from p+p collisions was measured for the first time via internal conversion. Furthermore, the azimuthal anisotropy parameter v2 has been measured. The direct photon v2 sheds light on the different processes contributing to the production of direct photons. The p+p data at the same energy provide a baseline for understanding the heavy-ion data, but are also interesting in their own right, e.g. for testing pQCD calculations or - as RHIC collides polarized protons - for constraining models on the gluon contribution to the proton spin.

  17. Multi-Photon Interference and Temporal Distinguishability of Photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Y. Ou

    2007-08-24

    A number of recent interference experiments involving multiple photons are reviewed. These experiments include generalized photon bunching effects, generalized Hong-Ou-Mandel interference effects and multi-photon interferometry for demonstrations of multi-photon de Broglie wavelength. The multi-photon states used in these experiments are from two pairs of photons in parametric down-conversion. We find that the size of the interference effect in these experiments, characterized by the visibility of interference pattern, is governed by the degree of distinguishability among different pairs of photons. Based on this discovery, we generalize the concept of multi-photon temporal distinguishability and relate it to a number of multi-photon interference effects. Finally, we make an attempt to interpret the coherence theory by the multi-photon interference via the concept of temporal distinguishability of photons.

  18. Indistinguishability of independent single photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. W. Sun; C. W. Wong

    2009-02-02

    The indistinguishability of independent single photons is presented by decomposing the single photon pulse into the mixed state of different transform limited pulses. The entanglement between single photons and outer environment or other photons induces the distribution of the center frequencies of those transform limited pulses and makes photons distinguishable. Only the single photons with the same transform limited form are indistinguishable. In details, the indistinguishability of single photons from the solid-state quantum emitter and spontaneous parametric down conversion is examined with two-photon Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometer. Moreover, experimental methods to enhance the indistinguishability are discussed, where the usage of spectral filter is highlighted.

  19. Near optimal single photon sources in the solid state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Somaschi; V. Giesz; L. De Santis; J. C. Loredo; M. P. Almeida; G. Hornecker; S. L. Portalupi; T. Grange; C. Anton; J. Demory; C. Gomez; I. Sagnes; N. D. Lanzillotti Kimura; A. Lemaitre; A. Auffeves; A. G. White; L. Lanco; P. Senellart

    2015-10-26

    Single-photons are key elements of many future quantum technologies, be it for the realisation of large-scale quantum communication networks for quantum simulation of chemical and physical processes or for connecting quantum memories in a quantum computer. Scaling quantum technologies will thus require efficient, on-demand, sources of highly indistinguishable single-photons. Semiconductor quantum dots inserted in photonic structures are ultrabright single photon sources, but the photon indistinguishability is limited by charge noise induced by nearby surfaces. The current state of the art for indistinguishability are parametric down conversion single-photon sources, but they intrinsically generate multiphoton events and hence must be operated at very low brightness to maintain high single photon purity. To date, no technology has proven to be capable of providing a source that simultaneously generates near-unity indistinguishability and pure single photons with high brightness. Here, we report on such devices made of quantum dots in electrically controlled cavity structures. We demonstrate on-demand, bright and ultra-pure single photon generation. Application of an electrical bias on deterministically fabricated devices is shown to fully cancel charge noise effects. Under resonant excitation, an indistinguishability of $0.9956\\pm0.0045$ is evidenced with a $g^{2}(0)=0.0028\\pm0.0012$. The photon extraction of $65%$ and measured brightness of $0.154\\pm0.015$ make this source $20$ times brighter than any source of equal quality. This new generation of sources open the way to a new level of complexity and scalability in optical quantum manipulation.

  20. Quantum teleportation on a photonic chip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjamin J. Metcalf; Justin B. Spring; Peter C. Humphreys; Nicholas Thomas-peter; Marco Barbieri; W. Steven Kolthammer; Xian-min Jin; Nathan K. Langford; Dmytro Kundys; James C. Gates; Brian J. Smith; Peter G. R. Smith; Ian A. Walmsley

    2014-09-15

    Quantum teleportation is a fundamental concept in quantum physics which now finds important applications at the heart of quantum technology including quantum relays, quantum repeaters and linear optics quantum computing (LOQC). Photonic implementations have largely focussed on achieving long distance teleportation due to its suitability for decoherence-free communication. Teleportation also plays a vital role in the scalability of photonic quantum computing, for which large linear optical networks will likely require an integrated architecture. Here we report the first demonstration of quantum teleportation in which all key parts - entanglement preparation, Bell-state analysis and quantum state tomography - are performed on a reconfigurable integrated photonic chip. We also show that a novel element-wise characterisation method is critical to mitigate component errors, a key technique which will become increasingly important as integrated circuits reach higher complexities necessary for quantum enhanced operation.

  1. 228 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL 35, NO 1, JANUARY 1999 Theoretical Analysis of an External Pulsed Plas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raja, Laxminarayan L.

    228 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL 35, NO 1, JANUARY 1999 Theoretical Analysis of an External, the specific heat ratio is allowed to be pressure and temperature dependent and the gas constant is a function of the plasma on the propellant burn rate is a crucial issue for developing this technology [11. A research

  2. 1176 IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics , Vol. 58, No. 4, November 2012 Two Hybrid Positioning System Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavehrad, Mohsen

    Positioning System Design Techniques with Lighting LEDs and Ad-hoc Wireless Network Yong Up Lee, IEEE Senior in various fields, in order to contrive a new service from a hybrid of LED lighting and wireless technology lighting LEDs and indoor wireless networking has recently started [7-8]. Positioning is mostly used

  3. 250 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ADVANCED PACKAGING, VOL. 27, NO. 2, MAY 2004 The SOP for Miniaturized, Mixed-Signal Computing,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Zhaoran "Rena"

    250 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ADVANCED PACKAGING, VOL. 27, NO. 2, MAY 2004 The SOP for Miniaturized and consumer functions. The concept of system-on-package (SOP) originated in the mid-1990s at the NSF-funded Packaging Research Center at the Georgia Institute of Technology. This can be thought of as a conceptual

  4. 304 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING, VOL. 4, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 1991 A Process Control Methodology Applied to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Alamo, Jesús A.

    by the Leaders for Manufacturing Program at the Mas- sachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Leaders for Manufacturing is a partnership between the MIT School of Engineering. the MIT Sloan School of Management304 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING, VOL. 4, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 1991 A Process

  5. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 6, NO. 4, JULY 2007 451 Computing Division Using Single-Electron Tunneling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotofana, Sorin

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 6, NO. 4, JULY 2007 451 Computing Division Using Single--Emerging nanotechnologies, like single-electron tun- neling (SET) technology, possesses properties that are fundamen- tally exists and which cannot be directly simulated, it demonstrates the possibilities that nanotechnology

  6. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 9, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 1999 4591 Toward a Systematic Design Methodology for Large

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Eby G.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 9, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 1999 4591 Toward implementation, RSFQ superconducting electronics, synthesis, timing. I. INTRODUCTION ONE of the primary problems for the development of new tools specific to this superconducting technology. It is controversial whether

  7. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 14, NO. 2, JUNE 2004 883 Design and Cooling Characteristic Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Ho-Myung

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 14, NO. 2, JUNE 2004 883 Design and Cooling-cooled cryogenic cooling system for 1.2 kV/80 A inductive Superconducting Fault Current Limiter (SFCL was supported by a grant from the Center for Applied Superconductivity Technology of the 21st Century Frontier R

  8. Copyright 2013 IEEE. Reprinted, with permission from: CERTS Microgrid Demonstration with Large-Scale Energy Storage and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright © 2013 IEEE. Reprinted, with permission from: CERTS Microgrid Demonstration with Large Technology Solutions (CERTS) Microgrid concept captures the emerging potential of using a system approach to distributed generation. CERTS views generation and associated loads as a subsystem or a "Microgrid

  9. 12 IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 13, NO. 1, JANUARY 1995 Predictive Dynamic Bandwidth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Joydeep

    transmission of real-time video traffic. I. INTRODUCTION TM technology offers a great flexibility of transmis, Member, IEEE, and Joydeep Ghosh Abstract- This paper presents a novel approach to dynamic transmission bandwidth allocation for transport of real-time variable-bit-rate video in ATM networks. Video traffic

  10. 150 IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 39, NO. 1, JANUARY 2004 Synchronous Mirror Delay for Multiphase Locking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jong Duk

    is fabricated using 0.13- m CMOS technology. To measure the synchronizing error of the clock generation circuit, many synchronous clock generation circuits in which internal signal synchronizes with external signal150 IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 39, NO. 1, JANUARY 2004 Synchronous Mirror Delay

  11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS, TPDS-2007-04-0119.R2 1 Distributed Deployment Schemes for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tseng, Yu-Chee

    , with the rapid progress in embedded micro-sensing MEMS and wireless communication technologies, wireless sensor Deployment Schemes for Mobile Wireless Sensor Networks to Ensure Multi-level Coverage You-Chiun Wang and Yu-Chee Tseng, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract-- One of the key research issues in wireless sensor networks (WSNs

  12. 608 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ADVANCED PACKAGING, VOL. 23, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2000 MEMS Post-Packaging by Localized Heating and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Liwei

    608 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ADVANCED PACKAGING, VOL. 23, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2000 MEMS Post of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Establishing a versatile post-packaging process not only advances the field technologies of MEMS packaging and wafer bonding is followed by an innovative post-packaging approach

  13. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 24, NO. 2, APRIL 2009 961 Estimates of Comparative Costs for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldick, Ross

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 24, NO. 2, APRIL 2009 961 Estimates of Comparative Costs, we estimate the costs of increasing trans- mission system capability through technologies for uprating trans- mission capacity without expanding the transmission footprint. We compare costs

  14. 6756 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 13, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2014 On the Reception of Concurrent Transmissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lenders, Vincent

    of Concurrent Transmissions in Wireless Sensor Networks Matthias Wilhelm, Student Member, IEEE, Vincent Lenders of Kaiserslautern, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany (e-mail: wilhelm@cs.uni-kl.de; jschmitt@cs.uni-kl.de). V. Lenders is with armasuisse Science and Technology, 3602 Thun, Switzerland (e-mail: vincent.lenders@armasuisse.ch). Color

  15. Direct Photons at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. David; for the PHENIX Collaboration

    2008-10-21

    Direct photons are ideal tools to investigate kinematical and thermodynamical conditions of heavy ion collisions since they are emitted from all stages of the collision and once produced they leave the interaction region without further modification by the medium. The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured direct photon production in p+p and Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV over a wide transverse momentum ($p_T$) range. The $p$ + $p$ measurements allow a fundamental test of QCD, and serve as a baseline when we try to disentangle more complex mechanisms producing high $p_T$ direct photons in Au+Au. As for thermal photons in Au+Au we overcome the difficulties due to the large background from hadronic decays by measuring "almost real" virtual photons which appear as low invariant mass $e^+e^-$ pairs: a significant excess of direct photons is measured above the above next-to-leading order perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculations. Additional insights on the origin of direct photons can be gained with the study of the azimuthal anisotropy which benefits from the increased statistics and reaction plane resolution achieved in RHIC Year-7 data.

  16. Harnessing Smart Sensor Technology for Industrial Energy Efficiency- Making Process-Specific Efficiency Projects Cost Effective with a Broadly Configurable, Network-Enabled Monitoring Tool 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiczer, J. J.; Wiczer, M. B.

    2011-01-01

    To improve monitoring technology often re-quired by industrial energy efficiency projects, we have developed a set of power and process monitoring tools based on the IEEE 1451.2 smart sensor interface standard. These tools enable a wide...

  17. Copyright 2008 IEEE. Reprinted from Lin Xu, Student Member, IEEE, and Ross Baldick, Fellow, IEEE. "Transmission-Constrained Residual Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . "Transmission-Constrained Residual Demand Derivative in Electricity Markets." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems Transmission-Constrained Residual Demand Derivative in Electricity Markets Lin Xu, Student Member, IEEE function with respect to price. However, in an electricity market, the market is embedded in a transmission

  18. On Energy Security of Server Systems Zhenyu Wu, Member, IEEE, Mengjun Xie, Member, IEEE, and Haining Wang, Senior Member, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Haining

    On Energy Security of Server Systems Zhenyu Wu, Member, IEEE, Mengjun Xie, Member, IEEE and achieve energy proportional computing. However, the security perspective of server power management has and evaluate its effectiveness. Index Terms--Energy attack, server security, energy-aware programming Ç 1

  19. Targeted Specular Photons Michelle Laprade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montréal, Université de

    Targeted Specular Photons Michelle Laprade Département d'Informatique et de Recherche in the resulting image which are not captured using traditional photon map- ping algorithms. This method uses a separate group of photons ­ targeted specular photons ­ which are shot specifically towards

  20. 836 IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 24, NO. 4, APRIL 2006 Optimal ACK Mechanisms of the IEEE 802.15.3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Hai

    836 IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 24, NO. 4, APRIL 2006 Optimal ACK Mechanisms of the IEEE 802.15.3 MAC for Ultra-Wideband Systems Yang Xiao, Senior Member, IEEE, Xuemin (Sherman) Shen, Senior Member, IEEE, and Hai Jiang, Student Member, IEEE Abstract--Ultra-wideband (UWB

  1. IEEE-ETA KAPPA NU New Member Application Students and Graduate Students pay a one-time fee of US$60.00 to be inducted into IEEE-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobelman, Gerald E.

    IEEE-ETA KAPPA NU New Member Application Students and Graduate Students pay a one-time fee of US$60.00 to be inducted into IEEE- HKN. This includes a free one-year IEEE Student Membership for the year in which are required to pay their annual IEEE dues to remain active IEEE-HKN Members. Please fill out the information

  2. Superconducting single photon detectors integrated with diamond nanophotonic circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rath, Patrik; Ferrari, Simone; Sproll, Fabian; Lewes-Malandrakis, Georgia; Brink, Dietmar; Ilin, Konstantin; Siegel, Michael; Nebel, Christoph; Pernice, Wolfram

    2015-01-01

    Photonic quantum technologies promise to repeat the success of integrated nanophotonic circuits in non-classical applications. Using linear optical elements, quantum optical computations can be performed with integrated optical circuits and thus allow for overcoming existing limitations in terms of scalability. Besides passive optical devices for realizing photonic quantum gates, active elements such as single photon sources and single photon detectors are essential ingredients for future optical quantum circuits. Material systems which allow for the monolithic integration of all components are particularly attractive, including III-V semiconductors, silicon and also diamond. Here we demonstrate nanophotonic integrated circuits made from high quality polycrystalline diamond thin films in combination with on-chip single photon detectors. Using superconducting nanowires coupled evanescently to travelling waves we achieve high detection efficiencies up to 66 % combined with low dark count rates and timing resolu...

  3. A photonics design tool for advanced CMOS nodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alloatti, Luca; Stojanovic, Vladimir; Popovic, Milos; Ram, Rajeev Jagga

    2015-01-01

    Recently, we have demonstrated large-scale integrated systems with several million transistors and hundreds of photonic elements. Yielding such large-scale integrated systems requires a design-for-manufacture rigor that is embodied in the 10000 to 50000 design rules that these designs must comply within advanced CMOS manufacturing. Here, we present a photonic design automation (PDA) tool which allows automatic generation of layouts without design-rule violations. Our tool is written in SKILL, the native language of the mainstream electric design automation (EDA) software, Cadence. This allows seamless integration of photonic and electronic design in a single environment. The tool leverages intuitive photonic layer definitions, allowing the designer to focus on the physical properties rather than on technology-dependent details. Removal of design-rule violations - based on Manhattan discretization, Boolean and sizing operations - occurs during data preparation from the initial photonic layers to the final mask...

  4. Analog integrated photonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorace-Agaskar, Cheryl M. (Cheryl Marie)

    2015-01-01

    Silicon photonics promises to revolutionize the field of optics by allowing for cheap, compact, low-power and low-noise optical systems on chip. In the past decade and a half, the basic functionality and acceptable performance ...

  5. Photon Storage Cavities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, K.-J.

    2008-01-01

    Sessler, "Analysis of Photon Storage Cavities for a Free-configuration of coupled storage cavity and PEL cavity. TheFig. 2. A ring resonator storage cavity coupled through a

  6. Sandia`s photonic program and its changing national role

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carson, R.F.; Meyer, W.J.

    1994-03-01

    Photonics activities at Sandia National Laboratories are founded on an extensive materials research program. In 1988, the Compound Semiconductor Research Laboratory (CSRL) was established at Sandia to bring together device and materials research and development, in support of Sandia`s role in weapons technologies. Recently, industrial competitiveness has been added as a major mission for the national laboratories. As a result, present photonics programs are not only directed towards internal applications-driven projects, but are increasingly tied to the Department Of Energy`s (DOE`s) Technology Transfer Initiatives (TTIs), Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs), and participation in partnerships and consortia. This evolution yields a full range of photonics programs, ranging from materials synthesis and device fabrication to packaging, test, and subsystem development. This paper presents an overview of Sandia`s photonics-program directions, using three applications as examples.

  7. Photon Clusters in Thermal Radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleksey Ilyin

    2014-10-30

    Within the framework of Bose-Einstein statistics, it is shown that the blackbody radiation, in addition to single photons, contains photon clusters, or coalescent photons. The probability to find a k-photon cluster versus radiation frequency and temperature is found, as well as the statistics of clusters. Spectra of photon-cluster radiation are calculated as functions of blackbody temperature. The Planck's radiation law is derived based on the existence of photon clusters. The possibility of experimental observation of photon clusters in thermal radiation is discussed.

  8. Photons without vectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilhan, Ibrahim Burak

    2015-01-01

    In this note we continue to pursue the question whether gauge theories can be represented in terms of effective "scalar" degrees of freedom. We provide such a consistent representation for a free photon theory in 3+1 dimensions. Building on results of [1] we construct a Lagrangian with a four derivative kinetic term, and demonstrate that despite seeming nonlinearity of the theory it is equivalent to a theory of a free photon.

  9. IEEE ANTS 2012 Tutorial Data Center Networking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    ­ Virtual Machine support · Example: Google and its Services 6IEEE ANTS 2012 Tutorial Data Center Networking Cooling Plant in Google's Douglas County, GA Data Center 9IEEE ANTS 2012 Tutorial Data Center Networking, memory, disk ~25% Power infrastructure UPS, cooling, power distribution ~15% Power draw Electrical

  10. IEEE Communications Magazine May 2001108 Internet Accounting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pras, Aiko

    IEEE Communications Magazine · May 2001108 Internet Accounting 0163-6804/01/$10.00 © 2001 IEEE ABSTRACT This article provides an introduction to Internet accounting and discusses the status of related work within the IETF and IRTF, as well as certain research projects. Internet accounting is different

  11. Photon trap for neutralization of negative ions beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popov, S S; Ivanov, A A; Kotelnikov, I A

    2015-01-01

    For effectively neutralization of the powerful negative ions beams of hydrogen and deuterium the photon target is considered in long time. The attractiveness of the traditional approach (Fabry-Perot resonators) to their creation is limited to a number of stringent technical requirements and large economic costs. In this paper we propose a new concept of non-resonant photon trap (storage) for creation more technologically simple optical neutralizers.

  12. Combined photonics and MEMs function demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blum, O.; Warren, M.E.; Hou, H.Q.; Choquette, K.D.; Rogers, M.S.; Sniegowski, J.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Carson, R.F. [Microoptical Devices, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1998-01-01

    The authors have recently demonstrated two prototypes where photonics and microelectromechanical system (MEMs) technologies have been integrated to show proof-of-principle functionality for weapon surety functions. These activities are part of a program which is exploring the miniaturization of electromechanical components for making weapon systems safer. Such miniaturization can lead to a low-cost, small, high-performance ``systems-on-a-chip``, and have many applications ranging from advanced military systems to large-volume commercial markets like automobiles, rf or land-based communications networks and equipment, or commercial electronics. One of the key challenges in realization of the microsystem is integration of several technologies including digital electronics; analog and rf electronics, optoelectronics (light emitting and detecting devices and circuits), sensors and actuators, and advanced packaging technologies. In this work the authors describe efforts in integrating MEMs and photonic functions and the fabrication constraints on both system components. Here, they discuss two examples of integration of MEMs and a photonic device. In the first instance, a MEMs locking device pin is driven by a voltage generated by photovoltaic cells connected in series, which are driven by a laser. In the second case, a VCSEL emitting at 1.06 {micro}m is packaged together with a metallized MEMs shutter. By appropriate alignment to the opening in the shutter, the VCSEL is turned on and off by the movement of the Si chopper wheel.

  13. Photon Science for Renewable Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussain, Zahid; Tamura, Lori; Padmore, Howard; Schoenlein, Bob; Bailey, Sue

    2010-03-31

    Our current fossil-fuel-based system is causing potentially catastrophic changes to our planet. The quest for renewable, nonpolluting sources of energy requires us to understand, predict, and ultimately control matter and energy at the electronic, atomic, and molecular levels. Light-source facilities - the synchrotrons of today and the next-generation light sources of tomorrow - are the scientific tools of choice for exploring the electronic and atomic structure of matter. As such, these photon-science facilities are uniquely positioned to jump-start a global revolution in renewable and carbonneutral energy technologies. In these pages, we outline and illustrate through examples from our nation's light sources possible scientific directions for addressing these profound yet urgent challenges.

  14. Large-area metallic photonic lattices for military applications.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luk, Ting Shan

    2007-11-01

    In this project we developed photonic crystal modeling capability and fabrication technology that is scaleable to large area. An intelligent optimization code was developed to find the optimal structure for the desired spectral response. In terms of fabrication, an exhaustive survey of fabrication techniques that would meet the large area requirement was reduced to Deep X-ray Lithography (DXRL) and nano-imprint. Using DXRL, we fabricated a gold logpile photonic crystal in the <100> plane. For the nano-imprint technique, we fabricated a cubic array of gold squares. These two examples also represent two classes of metallic photonic crystal topologies, the connected network and cermet arrangement.

  15. Efficient room-temperature source of polarized single photons

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lukishova, Svetlana G. (Honeoye Falls, NY); Boyd, Robert W. (Rochester, NY); Stroud, Carlos R. (Rochester, NY)

    2007-08-07

    An efficient technique for producing deterministically polarized single photons uses liquid-crystal hosts of either monomeric or oligomeric/polymeric form to preferentially align the single emitters for maximum excitation efficiency. Deterministic molecular alignment also provides deterministically polarized output photons; using planar-aligned cholesteric liquid crystal hosts as 1-D photonic-band-gap microcavities tunable to the emitter fluorescence band to increase source efficiency, using liquid crystal technology to prevent emitter bleaching. Emitters comprise soluble dyes, inorganic nanocrystals or trivalent rare-earth chelates.

  16. On the Capacity of k-MPR Wireless Networks Ming-Fei Guo, Member, IEEE, Xinbing Wang, Member, IEEE, Min-You Wu, Senior Member, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xinbing

    1 On the Capacity of k-MPR Wireless Networks Ming-Fei Guo, Member, IEEE, Xinbing Wang, Member, IEEE, Min-You Wu, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--The capacity of wireless ad hoc networks is mainly the capacity of 2-D wireless networks wherein each node can decode at most k simultaneous transmis- sions

  17. 1 6 IEEE SOFTWARE Published by the IEEE Computer Society 0740-7459/06/$20.00 2006 IEEE RE 05: Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wieringa, Roel

    's Daniel Jackson gave a highly acclaimed keynote on the state of the practice and trends in software safety management Software engineers often view requirements as a technical artifact that is produced early in (or1 6 IEEE SOFTWARE Published by the IEEE Computer Society 0740-7459/06/$20.00 © 2006 IEEE focus RE

  18. 80 Published by the IEEE Computer Society 1089-7801/08/$25.00 2008 IEEE IEEE INTERNET COMPUTING Editor: Charles Petrie petrie@stanford.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petrie, Charles

    is Internet-based and product service is outsourced. A chassis might be as- sembled in Mexico and shippedPeering 80 Published by the IEEE Computer Society 1089-7801/08/$25.00 © 2008 IEEE IEEE INTERNET and oppor- tunities -- and if the Internet could tell us. Future Scenarios To see this idea's potential

  19. Approaches to Creating and Controlling Motion in MRI Gregory S. Fischer, Member, IEEE, Gregory Cole, Student Member, IEEE and Hao Su, Student Member, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camesano, Terri

    Approaches to Creating and Controlling Motion in MRI Gregory S. Fischer, Member, IEEE, Gregory Cole, Student Member, IEEE and Hao Su, Student Member, IEEE Abstract-- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can is complicated by factors including: the high magnetic field strength, the requirement that such devices should

  20. 10 Published by the IEEE Computer Society 1089-7801/10/$26.00 2010 IEEE IEEE INTERNET COMPUTING GuestEditors'Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and technical challenges inherent to this "Internet of Things," of which privacy is the most compelling10 Published by the IEEE Computer Society 1089-7801/10/$26.00 © 2010 IEEE IEEE INTERNET COMPUTING GuestEditors'Introduction Internet Predictions Vinton G. Cerf Google Munindar P. Singh North Carolina

  1. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 2, MAY 2000 535 Stability-Constrained Optimal Power Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 2, MAY 2000 535 Stability-Constrained Optimal Power Flow Deqiang Gan, Member, IEEE, Robert J. Thomas, Fellow, IEEE, and Ray D. Zimmerman, Member, IEEE

  2. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CYBERNETICS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig R. RIeger; David H. Scheidt; William D. Smart

    2014-11-01

    MODERN societies depend on complex and critical infrastructures for energy, transportation, sustenance, medical care, emergency response, communications security. As computers, automation, and information technology (IT) have advanced, these technologies have been exploited to enhance the efficiency of operating the processes that make up these infrastructures

  3. Higher-order photon correlations in pulsed photonic crystal nanolasers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elvira, D.

    We report on the higher-order photon correlations of a high-? nanolaser under pulsed excitation at room temperature. Using a multiplexed four-element superconducting single-photon detector we measured g(n)(0[superscript ...

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 43, NO. 5, MAY 1995 Backscattering Enhancement and Clustering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Guifu

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 43, NO. 5, MAY 1995 Backscattering Enhancement on Monte-Carlo Simulations Leung Tsang, Fellow, IEEE, Kung-Hau Ding, Member, IEEE, Guifu Zhang, c.C. Hsu, Student Member, IEEE, and Jin Au Kong, Fellow, IEEE Abstract-Backscattering enhancement can exist

  5. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL, VOL. 59, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2014 3373 Special Issue Technical Note

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yüksel, Serdar

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL, VOL. 59, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2014 3373 Special Issue Technical Note Stochastic Stability of Event-Triggered Anytime Control Daniel E. Quevedo, Senior Member, IEEE, Vijay Gupta, Member, IEEE, Wann-Jiun Ma, Student Member, IEEE, and Serdar Yüksel, Member, IEEE Abstract

  6. ieee-usa eBooks presents RFIDTHE STATE OF RADIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ieee-usa eBooks presents RFIDTHE STATE OF RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION (RFID) Implementation and Policy Implications 21 November 2005 An IEEE-USA White Paper Developed by IEEE-USA's Committee of America (IEEE-USA), and represents the considered judgment of a group of U.S. IEEE members with expertise

  7. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 36, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 1998 1675 Inverse Electromagnetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golden, Kenneth M.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 36, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 1998 1675 Inverse Electromagnetic Scattering Models for Sea Ice K. M. Golden, D. Borup, Member, IEEE, M. Cheney, E. Cherkaeva, M. S. Dawson, Member, IEEE, Kung-Hau Ding, A. K. Fung, Fellow, IEEE, D. Isaacson, Member, IEEE, S. A. Johnson

  8. IEEE Fellow Hing Cheung So (1990 B.Eng. in Electronic Engineering)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    So, Hing-Cheung

    IEEE Fellow Hing Cheung So (1990 B.Eng. in Electronic Engineering) Concord CityU EE? City Prof. Pak Chung Ching ­ presentation () Prof. Yiu Tong Chan M.Phil. Ph.D. Prof. Ching : IEEE Fellow IEEE FellowsIEEE Fellow Electrical/Electronics IEEE Fellow? Ph.D. Signal Processing

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 54, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2006 423 Underdetermined Blind Source Separation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cichocki, Andrzej

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 54, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2006 423 Underdetermined Blind Source Separation Based on Sparse Representation Yuanqing Li, Shun-Ichi Amari, Fellow, IEEE, Andrzej Cichocki, Member, IEEE, Daniel W. C. Ho, Senior Member, IEEE, and Shengli Xie, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract

  10. IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 40, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2005 559 Correspondence________________________________________________________________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galton, Ian

    IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 40, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2005 559 Correspondence Pamarti, Member, IEEE, Lars Jansson, Member, IEEE, and Ian Galton, Member, IEEE A technique was presented techniques," in Proc. IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf., Sep. 2003, pp. 463­466. [2] S. Pamarti, L

  11. IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 10, NO. 5, MAY 2006 353 On the Performance Analysis of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rontogiannis, Athanasios A.

    IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 10, NO. 5, MAY 2006 353 On the Performance Analysis of Digital Communications over Generalized-K Fading Channels Petros S. Bithas, Student Member, IEEE, Nikos C. Sagias, Member, IEEE, P. Takis Mathiopoulos, Senior Member, IEEE, George K. Karagiannidis, Senior Member, IEEE

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 11, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2012 3829 Cascaded TAS/MRC in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkashlan, Maged

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 11, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2012 3829 Cascaded TAS/MRC in MIMO Multiuser Relay Networks Nan Yang, Member, IEEE, Phee Lep Yeoh, Member, IEEE, Maged Elkashlan, Member, IEEE, Jinhong Yuan, Senior Member, IEEE, and Iain B. Collings, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract

  13. This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CYBERNETICS 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Mary "Missy"

    as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CYBERNETICS 1 Comparing the Performance of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA (e-mail: jcryan13@mit.edu; missyc@mit.edu; nickroy@mit.edu). A. G of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA (e-mail: ashis@csail.mit.edu). Color versions of one or more

  14. Active materials in photonic crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermel, Peter (Peter A.)

    2007-01-01

    I analyze new phenomena arising from embedding active materials inside of photonic crystal structures. These structures strongly modify the photonic local density of states (LDOS), leading to quantitative and qualitative ...

  15. Hybrid laser with CMOS photonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chong, Johanna S

    2014-01-01

    In this thesis, an interesting approach for a photonic laser source is presented. By using integrated photonic resonators with an external gain medium, we are able to build a laser that offers a number of advantages including ...

  16. Energy-tunable entangled photon sources on a III-V/Silicon chip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yan; Zopf, Michael; Jung, Kyubong; Zhang, Yang; Ding, Fei; Schmidt, Oliver G

    2015-01-01

    Many of the envisioned quantum photonic technologies, e.g. a quantum repeater, rely on an energy- (wavelength-) tunable source of polarization entangled photon pairs. The energy tunability is a fundamental requirement to perform two-photon-interference between different sources and to swap the entanglement. Parametric-down-conversion and four-wave-mixing sources of entangled photons have shown energy tunability, however the probabilistic nature of the sources limits their applications in complex quantum protocols. Here we report a silicon-based hybrid photonic chip where energy-tunable polarization entangled photons are generated by deterministic and scalable III-V quantum light sources. This device is based on a micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) incorporating InAs/GaAs quantum dots (QDs) on a PMNPT-on-silicon substrate. The entangled photon emissions from single QDs can be tuned by more than 3000 times of the radiative linewidth without spoiling the entanglement. With a footprint of several hundred micro...

  17. Advanced Photon Source Upgrade Project

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Mitchell, John; Gibson, Murray; Young, Linda; Joachimiak, Andrzej

    2013-04-19

    Upgrade to Advanced Photon Source announced by Department Of Energy. Read more: http://go.usa.gov/ivZ

  18. Photon collider at TESLA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valery Telnov

    2001-03-06

    High energy photon colliders (gamma-gamma, gamma-electron) based on backward Compton scattering of laser light is a very natural addition to e+e- linear colliders. In this report we consider this option for the TESLA project. Recent study has shown that the horizontal emittance in the TESLA damping ring can be further decreased by a factor of four. In this case the gamma-gamma luminosity luminosity in the high energy part of spectrum can reach (1/3)L_{e+e-}. Typical cross sections of interesting processes in gamma-gamma collisions are higher than those in e+e- collisions by about one order of magnitude, so the number of events in gamma-gamma collisions will be more than that in e+e- collisions. Photon colliders can, certainly, give additional information and they are the best for the study of many phenomena. The main question is now the technical feasibility. The key new element in photon colliders is a very powerful laser system. An external optical cavity is a promising approach for the TESLA project. A free electron laser is another option. However, a more straightforward solution is ``an optical storage ring (optical trap)'' with diode pumped solid state laser injector which is today technically feasible. This paper briefly reviews the status of a photon collider based at TESLA, its possible parameters and existing problems.

  19. Hidden Photons from the Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davide Cadamuro; Javier Redondo

    2010-10-22

    A brief account of the phenomenon of photon oscillations into sub-eV mass hidden photons is given and used to estimate the flux and properties of these hypothetical particles from the Sun. A new generation of dedicated helioscopes, the Solar Hidden Photon Search (SHIPS) in the Hamburg Observatory amongst them, will cover a vast region of parameter space.

  20. Early photons from the early universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trimble, V; Trimble, V

    2006-01-01

    locate/newastrev Early photons from the early universevery far through such a photon sea. This remains, of course,

  1. Two-photon spectroscopy of excitons with entangled photons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlawin, Frank, E-mail: Frank.Schlawin@physik.uni-freiburg.de [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-2025 (United States) [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-2025 (United States); Physikalisches Institut, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Hermann-Herder-Straße 3, 79108 Freiburg (Germany); Mukamel, Shaul, E-mail: smukamel@uci.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-2025 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-2025 (United States)

    2013-12-28

    The utility of quantum light as a spectroscopic tool is demonstrated for frequency-dispersed pump-probe, integrated pump-probe, and two-photon fluorescence signals which show Ramsey fringes. Simulations of the frequency-dispersed transmission of a broadband pulse of entangled photons interacting with a three-level model of matter reveal how the non-classical time-bandwidth properties of entangled photons can be used to disentangle congested spectra, and reveal otherwise unresolved features. Quantum light effects are most pronounced at weak intensities when entangled photon pairs are well separated, and are gradually diminished at higher intensities when different photon pairs overlap.

  2. Anti-photon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacques Moret-Bailly

    2010-11-11

    Quantum electrodynamics corrects miscalculations of classical electrodynamics, but by introducing the pseudo-particle "photon" it is the source of errors whose practical consequences are serious. Thus W. E. Lamb disadvises the use of the word "photon" in an article whose this text takes the title. The purpose of this paper is neither a compilation, nor a critique of Lamb's paper: It adds arguments and applications to show that the use of this concept is dangerous while the semi-classical theory is always right provided that common errors are corrected: in particular, the classical field of electromagnetic energy is often, wrongly, considered as linear, so that Bohr's electron falls on the nucleus and photon counting is false. Using absolute energies and radiances avoids doing these errors. Quantum electrodynamics quantizes "normal modes" chosen arbitrarily among the infinity of sets of orthogonal modes of the electromagnetic field. Changing the choice of normal modes splits the photons which are pseudo-particles, not physical objects. Considering the photons as small particles interacting without pilot waves with single atoms, astrophysicists use Monte-Carlo computations for the propagation of light in homogeneous media while it works only in opalescent media as clouds. Thus, for instance, two theories abort while, they are validated using coherence and Einstein theories, giving a good interpretation of the rings of supernova remnant 1987A, and the spectrum found inside. The high frequency shifts of this spectrum can only result from a parametric interaction of light with excited atomic hydrogen which is found in many regions of the universe.

  3. IEEE Communications Magazine April 20146 THE PRESIDENT'S PAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bregni, Stefano

    for the Member Relations Council, namely: ·Formulating strategic directions for serv- ing members as a tenured Assistant Professor in 1999. Stefano is an IEEE Senior Member (1999). He has been an active IEEE Telecommunications Networks (Wiley, 2002). THE MEMBER RELATIONS COUNCIL In the IEEE Communications Society

  4. Double-layered P2P IEEE 802.11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Sung-Bong

    * (KOSEF) (2011-0002851) . 2011 . IEEE 802.11 Power Saving Mode (PSM) . PSM PSM . IEEE 802.11 . Active Mode , . PSM 6 8% . Abstract IEEE 802.11 Power Save Mode (PSM) was proposed for effective energy usage on a mobile network. One

  5. Introduction to the IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    Introduction to the IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing Rajkumar Buyya Welcome to the IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing (TCC). It is my privilege and honor to serve as the inaugural Editor-in-Chief of TCC. I would like to thank the IEEE and the world-wide Cloud Computing community for giving me

  6. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Correspondence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Correspondence Correction to "Estimation of the OSCAT Spatial Response Function Using Island Targets" Joshua P. Bradley and David G. Long, Fellow, IEEE, "Estimation of the OSCAT spatial response function using island targets," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens

  7. IEEE Software Defined Network Initiative Mehmet Ulema, Manhattan College, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boutaba, Raouf

    IEEE Software Defined Network Initiative A Proposal Mehmet Ulema, Manhattan College, USA Nirant, Italy Abstract -- This paper outlines a proposal for setting up an IEEE initiative on software defined, IEEE, Abstraction. I. INTRODUCTION Software Defined Networking (SDN) has become one of the most active

  8. OCTOBER 2013 IEEE CONTROL SYSTEMS MAGAZINE 23 PEOPLE IN CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benmei, Chen

    OCTOBER 2013 « IEEE CONTROL SYSTEMS MAGAZINE 23 PEOPLE IN CONTROL « I n this issue of IEEE Control Systems Magazine, we speak with six IEEE Fellows in the control systems field. Ben M. Chen is a professor and area director of Control, Intelligent Systems, and Robotics in the Department of Elec- trical

  9. ACM(AIS and IEEE) 2013 NSFCS 10K

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    () () CNCC 2011 #12; IT IT NSF: 21 ACM: ACM(AIS and IEEE) 2013 CNCC 16 NSFCS 10K 201310,000 AP AP : (CTE) CNCC 2011 #12;ACM: ACM: (CSTA) (CSTA) ACM K-12 5) , , , , , . X- X- CNCC 2011 #12;ACM (AIS and IEEE) ACM (AIS and IEEE) 65 05 68 78

  10. IEEE Network Special Issue on Network Systems Architecture The last two decades have been characterized by significant advances in networking. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldi, Mario

    IEEE Network Special Issue on Network Systems Architecture Editorial The last two decades have been the development of a wide range of high- speed networks in the wide and local area, while the advances in access. The prevalence of Internet technology has brought its services to a very large population, which has been growing

  11. To appear in the procdeedings of 2004 IEEE International Conference on Web Services, July, 2004, San Diego Team-based Agents for Proactive Failure Handling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    To appear in the procdeedings of 2004 IEEE International Conference on Web Services, July, 2004, San Diego Team-based Agents for Proactive Failure Handling in Dynamic Composition of Web Services and Technology Penn State University University Park, PA 16802 ABSTRACT Currently web services composition

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 7, No. 2, JUNE 1997 3564 Fabrication of High-Tc Hot-Electron Bolometric Mixers for Terahertz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Michael J.

    receivers based on superconductor-insulator- superconductor (SIS) junctions are used in submillimeterIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 7, No. 2, JUNE 1997 3564 Fabrication of High Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA Abstract Superconducting

  13. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART A: SYSTEMS AND HUMANS, VOL. 30, NO. 3, MAY 2000 251 Constrained Motion Control Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masoud, Ahmad A.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART A: SYSTEMS AND HUMANS, VOL. 30, NO. 3, MAY are with the Mechanical Engineering Department, Jordan Uni- versity of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan. Publisher, AND CYBERNETICS--PART A: SYSTEMS AND HUMA

  14. 612 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 40, NO. 3, JUNE 2010 Attack and Flee: Game-Theory-Based Analysis on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    612 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 40, NO. 3, JUNE of Engineering and Technology, Indiana University- Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46022 USA (e-mail: fengli@ iupui.edu). Y. Yang is with the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Florida Atlantic

  15. 978-1-4577-1221-0/11/$26.00 2011 IEEE QuARES: Quality-aware Data Collection in Energy Harvesting Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkatasubramanian, Nalini

    978-1-4577-1221-0/11/$26.00 ©2011 IEEE QuARES: Quality-aware Data Collection in Energy Harvesting Irvine, USA email: ntdang, eli, nalini @ics.uci.edu Nalini Venkatasubramanian Abstract--Renewable energy technology has become a promising solution to reduce energy concerns due to limited battery in wireless

  16. Super-GZK Photons from Photon-Axion Mixing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Csáki, C; Peloso, M; Terning, J; Csaki, Csaba; Kaloper, Nemanja; Peloso, Marco; Terning, John

    2003-01-01

    We show that photons with energies above the GZK cutoff can reach us from very distant sources if they mix with light axions in extragalactic magnetic fields. The effect which enables this is the conversion of photons into axions, which are sufficiently weakly coupled to travel large distances unimpeded. These axions then convert back into high energy photons close to the Earth. We show that photon-axion mixing facilitates the survival of super-GZK photons most efficiently with a photon-axion coupling scale of order 10^11 GeV, which is in the same range as the scale for the photon-axion mixing explanation for the dimming of supernovae without cosmic acceleration. We discuss possible observational consequences of this effect.

  17. Finite Element Modeling of Micromachined MEMS Photon Devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Datskos, P.G.; Evans, B.M.; Schonberger, D.

    1999-09-20

    The technology of microelectronics that has evolved over the past half century is one of great power and sophistication and can now be extended to many applications (MEMS and MOEMS) other than electronics. An interesting application of MEMS quantum devices is the detection of electromagnetic radiation. The operation principle of MEMS quantum devices is based on the photoinduced stress in semiconductors, and the photon detection results from the measurement of the photoinduced bending. These devices can be described as micromechanical photon detectors. In this work, we have developed a technique for simulating electronic stresses using finite element analysis. We have used our technique to model the response of micromechanical photon devices to external stimuli and compared these results with experimental data. Material properties, geometry, and bimaterial design play an important role in the performance of micromechanical photon detectors. We have modeled these effects using finite element analysis and included the effects of bimaterial thickness coating, effective length of the device, width, and thickness.

  18. Identifying Modulators of Protein-Protein Interactions Using Photonic Crystal Biosensors James T. Heeres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Brian

    Identifying Modulators of Protein-Protein Interactions Using Photonic Crystal Biosensors James T or untagged version of the cognate partner. This assay, based on photonic crystal (PC) biosensor technology or fluorescence measurements. PC biosensors are surface structures comprised of a subwavelength polymer grating

  19. Quantum key distribution with high-speed superconducting single-photon detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum key distribution with high-speed superconducting single-photon detectors Robert H. Hadfield Abstract: We explore the potential of high-speed nanowire superconducting single-photon detectors, gating is essential to reduce the high dark count rate. Emerging superconducting detector technologies

  20. IEEE Wireless Communications December 20022 1070-9916/02/$17.00 2002 IEEE SMART HOMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holder, Lawrence B.

    IEEE Wireless Communications · December 20022 1070-9916/02/$17.00 © 2002 IEEE Agent A SMART HOMES INTRODUCTION The MavHome smart home project is a multidis- ciplinary research project at the University inhabitants. In particular, a smart home agent must be able to accurately predict mobility and other

  1. Quasi-Output-Buffered Switches Cheng-Shang Chang, Fellow, IEEE, Jay Cheng, Senior Member, IEEE,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Cheng-Shang

    1 Quasi-Output-Buffered Switches Cheng-Shang Chang, Fellow, IEEE, Jay Cheng, Senior Member, IEEE-buffered switches have better performance than other switch architectures. However, output-buffered switches also-buffered switches are difficult. In this paper, we study the problem of constructing scalable switches that have

  2. Bootstrapping Ontologies for Web Services Aviv Segev, Member, IEEE, and Quan Z. Sheng, Member, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheng, Michael

    Bootstrapping Ontologies for Web Services Aviv Segev, Member, IEEE, and Quan Z. Sheng, Member, IEEE textual sources, such as web services, must address the problem of multiple, largely unrelated concepts. In this paper, we propose an ontology bootstrapping process for web services. We exploit the advantage that web

  3. 32 0885-9000/97/$10 .00 1997 IEEE IEEE EXPERT Using Qualitative Physics ft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forbus, Kenneth D.

    32 0885-9000/97/$10 .00 © 1997 IEEE IEEE EXPERT Using Qualitative Physics ft Create Articulate kinds of educational software has been a motivation for qualitative physics since its inception. 1,2 This goal is now begin- ning to be realized, thanks to advances in qualitative physics

  4. 12 1092-3063/00/$10.00 2000 IEEE IEEE Concurrency Wisconsin Wind Tunnel II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, David A.

    12 1092-3063/00/$10.00 © 2000 IEEE IEEE Concurrency Wisconsin Wind Tunnel II: A Fast, Portable been painfully obvious to us as developers of two generations of parallel direct- execution simulators the Wisconsin Wind Tunnel II-- the successor to the original Wisconsin Wind Tunnel5--to a range of platforms

  5. IEEE Wireless Communications April 200710 1536-1284/07/$20.00 2007 IEEE Cellular device

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Zygmunt J.

    IEEE Wireless Communications · April 200710 1536-1284/07/$20.00 © 2007 IEEE AP Cellular device Cellular RAN BS HSS: Home subscriber HLR: Home location register FUTURE CONVERGED WIRELESS AND MOBILITY PLATFORM INTRODUCTION The ever-increasing demand of users for various wireless communication services has

  6. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTERS, VOL. C-26, NO. 4, APRIL 1977 351 Maxcimum Entropy Image Reconstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTERS, VOL. C-26, NO. 4, APRIL 1977 351 Maxcimum Entropy Image Reconstruction STEPHEN J. WERNECKE, STUDENT MEMBER, IEEE, AND LARRY R. D'ADDARIO, MEMBER, IEEE Abstract

  7. IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering Compensation of Scanner Creep and Hysteresis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering Compensation of Scanner Creep and Hysteresis for AFM Nanomanipulation Babak Mokaberi Student Member, IEEE, and Aristides A. G. Requicha, Life Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Nanomanipulation with Atomic Force Microscopes (AFMs) for nanoparticles

  8. IEEE TRANS. ON COMPUTERS, IN REVIEW, REVISED JUNE 23, 2015. 1 SHIELD: Scalable Homomorphic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    IEEE TRANS. ON COMPUTERS, IN REVIEW, REVISED JUNE 23, 2015. 1 SHIELD: Scalable Homomorphic Implementation of Encrypted Data-Classifiers Alhassan Khedr, Member, IEEE, Glenn Gulak, Senior Member, IEEE

  9. 0740-7459/06/$20.00 2006 IEEE July/August 2006 IEEE SOFTWARE 1 9 Software Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundu, Sukhamay

    effort in re- searching new testing approaches. Promising ap- proaches have started to find acceptance such experi- ences can be useful to other organizations. The IEEE defines unit testing as "the testing0740-7459/06/$20.00 © 2006 IEEE July/August 2006 IEEE SOFTWARE 1 9 focus Software Testing Practices

  10. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 4, NO. 1, JANUARY 2005 1 THIS Special Issue contains papers from the 2004 IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Privman, Vladimir

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 4, NO. 1, JANUARY 2005 1 Foreword THIS Special Issue contains papers from the 2004 IEEE Nanotechnology Council (NTC) Quantum Device Tech- nology Workshop, which of IEEE, and was funded by the National Science Founda- tion (under Grant DMR-0121146) and by the National

  11. Hidden Photons in Extra Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chris J. Wallace; Joerg Jaeckel; Sabyasachi Roy

    2013-11-25

    Additional U(1) gauge symmetries and corresponding vector bosons, called hidden photons, interacting with the regular photon via kinetic mixing are well motivated in extensions of the Standard Model. Such extensions often exhibit extra spatial dimensions. In this note we investigate the effects of hidden photons living in extra dimensions. In four dimensions such a hidden photon is only detectable if it has a mass or if there exists additional matter charged under it. We note that in extra dimensions suitable masses for hidden photons are automatically present in form of the Kaluza-Klein tower.

  12. Photon + jets at D0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lars Sonnenschein

    2009-06-15

    Photon plus jet production has been studied by the D0 experiment in Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at a centre of mass energy of sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV. Measurements of the inclusive photon, inclusive photon plus jet, photon plus heavy flavour jet cross sections and double parton interactions in photon plus three jet events are presented. They are based on integrated luminosities between 0.4 fb$^-1 and 1.0 fb^-1. The results are compared to perturbative QCD calculations in various approximations.

  13. Photonic-powered cable assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sanderson, Stephen N.; Appel, Titus James; Wrye, IV, Walter C.

    2013-01-22

    A photonic-cable assembly includes a power source cable connector ("PSCC") coupled to a power receive cable connector ("PRCC") via a fiber cable. The PSCC electrically connects to a first electronic device and houses a photonic power source and an optical data transmitter. The fiber cable includes an optical transmit data path coupled to the optical data transmitter, an optical power path coupled to the photonic power source, and an optical feedback path coupled to provide feedback control to the photonic power source. The PRCC electrically connects to a second electronic device and houses an optical data receiver coupled to the optical transmit data path, a feedback controller coupled to the optical feedback path to control the photonic power source, and a photonic power converter coupled to the optical power path to convert photonic energy received over the optical power path to electrical energy to power components of the PRCC.

  14. Photonic-powered cable assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sanderson, Stephen N; Appel, Titus James; Wrye, IV, Walter C

    2014-06-24

    A photonic-cable assembly includes a power source cable connector ("PSCC") coupled to a power receive cable connector ("PRCC") via a fiber cable. The PSCC electrically connects to a first electronic device and houses a photonic power source and an optical data transmitter. The fiber cable includes an optical transmit data path coupled to the optical data transmitter, an optical power path coupled to the photonic power source, and an optical feedback path coupled to provide feedback control to the photonic power source. The PRCC electrically connects to a second electronic device and houses an optical data receiver coupled to the optical transmit data path, a feedback controller coupled to the optical feedback path to control the photonic power source, and a photonic power converter coupled to the optical power path to convert photonic energy received over the optical power path to electrical energy to power components of the PRCC.

  15. Development of high-speed two-photon microscopy for biological and medical applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Ki Hean

    2005-01-01

    Two-photon microscopy (TPM) is one of the most powerful microscopic technologies for in-vivo 3D tissue imaging up to a few hundred micrometers. It has been finding important applications in neuronal imaging, tumor physiology ...

  16. Mid-Infrared Single-Photon Detection Using Superconducting Nanowires Integrated with Nano-Antennae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berggren, Karl K.

    We present some major challenges of mid-infrared superconducting nanowire single-photon detector technology and our device design with nano-antenna integration to address these challenges.

  17. Ge-on-Si light-emitting materials and devices for silicon photonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Xiaochen

    2009-01-01

    The rapid growing needs for high data transmission bandwidth challenge the metal interconnection technology in every area from chip-level interconnects to long distance communication. Silicon photonics is an ideal platform ...

  18. High-speed silicon electro-optic modulator for electronic photonic integrated circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gan, Fuwan

    2007-01-01

    The development of future electronic-photonic integrated circuits (EPIC) based on silicon technology critically depends on the availability of CMOS-compatible high-speed modulators that enable the interaction of electronic ...

  19. Nanostructured photon management for high performance solar cells Jia Zhu, Zongfu Yu, Shanhui Fan, Yi Cui *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    research efforts for renewable energy technologies. Solar cells, which harvest energy directly fromNanostructured photon management for high performance solar cells Jia Zhu, Zongfu Yu, Shanhui FanCullough Building 343, Stanford, CA 94305, USA Contents 1. Introduction

  20. PHOTON: A user's manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chapman, D.

    1988-01-01

    PHOTON has proven very useful in the development of the X17 superconducting wiggler beamline. Its use has determined the shielding required from the wiggler device to the very end of the beamline in the hutches and angiography section. Doses calculated by this program have been compared with experimental results from conventional bending magnet beamline with great success. In each case the program consistently overestimated the dose by factors ranging from 2 to 10. The reason for this overestimation is understood and was not refined further in the program in order to maintain some level of safety in the shielding calculations. PHOTON should prove useful in the design of any beamline. Its ability to calculate power deposited and spectra transmitted through nearly arbitrary beamline configurations as well as the scattered radiation doses through shielding walls make it a very powerful tool.

  1. Variable frequency photonic crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Xiang-Yao; Liu, Xiao-Jing; Yang, Jing-Hai; Li, Hong; Chen, Wan-Jin

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we have firstly proposed a new one-dimensional variable frequency photonic crystals (VFPCs), and calculated the transmissivity and the electronic field distribution of VFPCs with and without defect layer, and considered the effect of defect layer and variable frequency function on the transmissivity and the electronic field distribution. We have obtained some new characteristics for the VFPCs, which should be help to design a new type optical devices.

  2. Saeed, N., Yang, Y., & Sinnappan, S. (2009). Emerging Web Technologies in Higher Education: A Case of Incorporating Blogs, Podcasts and Social Bookmarks in a Web Programming Course based on Students' Learning Styles and Technology Preferences.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yun

    2009-01-01

    at kinshuk@ieee.org. Emerging Web Technologies in Higher Education: A Case of Incorporating Blogs, PodcastsSaeed, N., Yang, Y., & Sinnappan, S. (2009). Emerging Web Technologies in Higher Education: A Case of Incorporating Blogs, Podcasts and Social Bookmarks in a Web Programming Course based on Students' Learning

  3. IEEE ICC 2014 -Ad-hoc and Sensor Networking Symposium 978-1-4799-2003-7/14/$31.00 2014 IEEE 305

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahk, Saewoong

    IEEE ICC 2014 - Ad-hoc and Sensor Networking Symposium 978-1-4799-2003-7/14/$31.00 ©2014 IEEE 305 Ds Data packet of sequence number s A L Acknowledgement Channel sensing Forwarding data packet IEEE ICC 2014 - Ad-hoc and Sensor Networking Symposium 306 #12;IEEE ICC 2014 - Ad-hoc and Sensor Networking

  4. IEEE PAPER COPYRIGHT FORM The IEEE has developed this form with great care and with the best interests of its members and contributing authors in mind. Therefore, in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chi, Ed Huai-hsin

    IEEE PAPER COPYRIGHT FORM The IEEE has developed this form with great care and with the best of this form be changed. This form is intended for original, previously unpublished material submitted to IEEE publications. This form, when completed, must accompany any such material in order to be published by IEEE

  5. IEEE WOMEN IN ENGINEERING NEWSLETTER FEBRUARY 2013 Pleas e vis it our webs ite at http://www.ieee.org/women

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasik-Duncan, Bozenna

    IEEE WOMEN IN ENGINEERING NEWSLETTER FEBRUARY 2013 Pleas e vis it our webs ite at http://www.ieee Group of the Month Highlights The joint IEEE WIE/Google Event: Enhancing the Sustainability of Women is to facilitate the recruitment and retention of women in technical disciplines globally. IEEE WIE envisions

  6. Technology Assessment TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Technology Assessment 10/14/2004 1 TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT STRATEGIC PLAN MISSION STATEMENT Support the Mission of Texas Tech University and the TTU Information Technology Division by providing timely and relevant information and assistance in current and emerging technologies and their practical applications

  7. Bioscience Technology Bioscience Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    Bioscience Technology Bioscience Technology Advantage Business Media 100 Enterprise Drive Rockaway, co-director of George Washington University's Institute for Proteomics Technology and Applications-by-point. Manufacturers have stampeded to offer the new technology. Applied Biosystems got out in front in 2004 when

  8. Characterization of single photons using two-photon interference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Legero; T. Wilk; A. Kuhn; G. Rempe

    2005-12-02

    Adiabatic passage techniques allow the generation of single photons which are very long compared to the typical detector time resolution. Therefore the detection time of a photon can be measured within the duration of the single-photon wavepacket. As a consequence, two-photon interference can be investigated in a time-resolved manner, i.e., the coincidence rate can be measured as a function of the time between photodetections. The theoretical analysis shows that this method not only gives information about the duration of single photons, but also about their coherence time. Here we discuss how to use this method for a spectral or temporal characterization of a single-photon source.

  9. Advanced Solar Photonics | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolar Energy LLCAdema TechnologiesRenewableEnergyPhotonics Jump

  10. Optics of globular photonic crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gorelik, V S

    2007-05-31

    The results of experimental and theoretical studies of the optical properties of globular photonic crystals - new physical objects having a crystal structure with the lattice period exceeding considerably the atomic size, are presented. As globular photonic crystals, artificial opal matrices consisting of close-packed silica globules of diameter {approx}200 nm were used. The reflection spectra of these objects characterising the parameters of photonic bands existing in these crystals in the visible spectral region are presented. The idealised models of the energy band structure of photonic crystals investigated in the review give analytic dispersion dependences for the group velocity and the effective photon mass in a globular photonic crystal. The characteristics of secondary emission excited in globular photonic crystals by monochromatic and broadband radiation are presented. The results of investigations of single-photon-excited delayed scattering of light observed in globular photonic crystals exposed to cw UV radiation and radiation from a repetitively pulsed copper vapour laser are presented. The possibilities of using globular photonic crystals as active media for lasing in different spectral regions are considered. It is proposed to use globular photonic crystals as sensitive sensors in optoelectronic devices for molecular analysis of organic and inorganic materials by the modern methods of laser spectroscopy. The results of experimental studies of spontaneous and stimulated globular scattering of light are discussed. The conditions for observing resonance and two-photon-excited delayed scattering of light are found. The possibility of accumulation and localisation of the laser radiation energy inside a globular photonic crystal is reported. (review)

  11. Optics and photonics research in the Lasers, Optics and Remote Sensing Department at Sandia National Laboratories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simmons-Potter, K.; Meister, D.C.

    1997-04-01

    Photonic system and device technologies have claimed a significant share of the current high-tech market. In particular, laser systems and optical devices impact a broad range of technological areas including telecommunications, optical computing, optical data storage, integrated photonics, remote environmental sensing and biomedical applications. Below we present an overview of photonics research being conducted within the Lasers, Optics and Remote Sensing department of the Physical and Chemical Sciences Center at Sandia National Laboratories. Recent results in the fields of photosensitive materials and devices, binary optics device applications, wavelength generation using optical parametric oscillators, and remote sensing are highlighted. 11 refs., 6 figs.

  12. Quantum state fusion in photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiara Vitelli; Nicolò Spagnolo; Lorenzo Aparo; Fabio Sciarrino; Enrico Santamato; Lorenzo Marrucci

    2012-09-17

    Photons are the ideal carriers of quantum information for communication. Each photon can have a single qubit or even multiple qubits encoded in its internal quantum state, as defined by optical degrees of freedom such as polarization, wavelength, transverse modes, etc. Here, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a physical process, named "quantum state fusion", in which the two-dimensional quantum states (qubits) of two input photons are combined into a single output photon, within a four-dimensional quantum space. The inverse process is also proposed, in which the four-dimensional quantum state of a single photon is split into two photons, each carrying a qubit. Both processes can be iterated, and hence may be used to bridge multi-particle protocols of quantum information with the multi-degree-of-freedom ones, with possible applications in quantum communication networks.

  13. Media Center | Advanced Photon Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    distributed to all APS users and others interested in the APS. Research Highlights Books Articles on Advanced Photon Source research and engineering highlights that are...

  14. National Ignition Facility & Photon Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is an acronym for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. If the electrons in special glasses, crystals, or gases are energized, they will emit light photons...

  15. Thermodynamics of quantum photon spheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. C. Baldiotti; Walace S. Elias; C. Molina; Thiago S. Pereira

    2014-11-21

    Photon spheres, surfaces where massless particles are confined in closed orbits, are expected to be common astrophysical structures surrounding ultracompact objects. In this paper a semiclassical treatment of a photon sphere is proposed. We consider the quantum Maxwell field and derive its energy spectra. A thermodynamic approach for the quantum photon sphere is developed and explored. Within this treatment, an expression for the spectral energy density of the emitted radiation is presented. Our results suggest that photon spheres, when thermalized with their environment, have nonusual thermodynamic properties, which could lead to distinct observational signatures.

  16. Dirac tensor with heavy photon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bytev, V. V.; Kuraev, E. A., E-mail: kuraev@theor.jinr.ru [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics (Russian Federation); Scherbakova, E. S., E-mail: scherbak@mail.desy.de [Hamburg University (Germany)

    2013-03-15

    For the large-angle hard-photon emission by initial leptons in the process of high-energy annihilation of e{sup +}e{sup -} to hadrons, the Dirac tensor is obtained by taking the lowest-order radiative corrections into account. The case of large-angle emission of two hard photons by initial leptons is considered. In the final result, the kinematic case of collinear emission of hard photons and soft virtual and real photons is included; it can be used for the construction of Monte-Carlo generators.

  17. Photon Science for Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hussain, Zahid

    2010-01-01

    Photon Science for renewable Energy at Light-Sourceour planet. The quest for renewable, nonpolluting sources ofa global revolution in renewable and carbon- neutral energy

  18. The Sun in Hidden Photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Javier Redondo

    2012-02-22

    We present some aspects and first results of the emission of sub-eV mass hidden photons from the Sun. The contribution from a resonant region below the photosphere can be quite significant, raising previous estimates. This is relevant for the Telescope for Hidden Photon Search, TSHIPS I, currently targeting at meV-mass hidden photons with O(10^-6) kinetic mixing with the photon. These particles could account for the large effective number of neutrinos pointed at by the cosmic microwave background and other large-scale structure probes, and are motivated in some scenarios of string theory.

  19. Photon Source Parameters

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen Generation | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant toPhoton

  20. Photon Source Parameters

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access| DepartmentPeerFederal FleetUp in thePhoton Source Parameters Print

  1. Photon Source Parameters

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access| DepartmentPeerFederal FleetUp in thePhoton Source Parameters

  2. Photonics | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access| DepartmentPeerFederal FleetUp in thePhoton SourceHome > Impact

  3. Photon Source Parameters

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEYI/OPerformance andAreaPhotoinduced electron transferPhoton Source

  4. Photon Source Parameters

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEYI/OPerformance andAreaPhotoinduced electron transferPhoton

  5. IEEE COMSOC MMTC E-Letter http://www.comsoc.org/~mmc/ 1/32 Vol.4, No.11, December 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Min

    IEEE COMSOC MMTC E-Letter http://www.comsoc.org/~mmc/ 1/32 Vol.4, No.11, December 2009 IEEE..................................................................... 3 IEEE GLOBECOM 2010 Call for Tutorial Proposals.............................................. 3 IEEE GLOBECOM 2010 Call for Workshop Proposals.......................................... 4 SPECIAL

  6. Photon and di-photon production at ATLAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Delmastro

    2011-11-09

    The latest ATLAS measurements of the cross section for the inclusive production of isolated prompt photons in $pp$ collisions at a centre-of-mass energy $\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV at the LHC are presented, as well as the measurement of the di-photon production cross section.

  7. Three-dimensional array foci of generalized Fibonacci photon sieves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junyong; Zhu, Jianqiang; Lin, Zunqi

    2015-01-01

    We present a new kind of photon sieves on the basis of the generalized Fibonacci sequences. The required numbers and locations of axial foci can be designed by generalized Fibonacci photon sieves (GFiPS). Furthermore, the three-dimensional array foci can be controllable and adjustable by the optical path difference scaling factor (OPDSF) when the amplitude modulation is replaced with the phase modulation. Multi-focal technologies can be applied to nano-imaging, THZ, laser communications, direct laser writing, optical tweezers or atom trapping, etc.

  8. Barry DuVal and Virginia's Center for Innovative Technology Announce...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Virginia's Center for Innovative Technology Announce Selection of the Center for Plasma and Photon Processing August 11, 1998 Secretary of Commerce and Trade, Barry E....

  9. Photon 2001 -Ascona, 3rd September 2001 Charm and the virtual photon B. West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Photon 2001 - Ascona, 3rd September 2001 Charm and the virtual photon ­ B. West Charm and the Virtual Photon Ben West Photon 2001, Ascona 3rd September · Photon structure · Charm in photoproduction 2001 - Ascona, 3rd September 2001 Charm and the virtual photon ­ B. West Introduction Two kinematic

  10. Spin photonics and spin-photonic devices with dielectric metasurfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yachao; Ke, Yougang; Zhou, Xinxing; Luo, Hailu; Wen, Shuangchun

    2015-01-01

    Dielectric metasurfaces with spatially varying birefringence and high transmission efficiency can exhibit exceptional abilities for controlling the photonic spin states. We present here some of our works on spin photonics and spin-photonic devices with metasurfaces. We develop a hybrid-order Poincare sphere to describe the evolution of spin states of wave propagation in the metasurface. Both the Berry curvature and the Pancharatnam-Berry phase on the hybrid-order Poincare sphere are demonstrated to be proportional to the variation of total angular momentum. Based on the spin-dependent property of Pancharatnam-Berry phase, we find that the photonic spin Hall effect can be observed when breaking the rotational symmetry of metasurfaces. Moreover, we show that the dielectric metasurfaces can provide great flexibility in the design of novel spin-photonic devices such as spin filter and spin-dependent beam splitter.

  11. Photon-Atom Coupling with Parabolic Mirrors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Sondermann; Gerd Leuchs

    2015-07-23

    Efficient coupling of light to single atomic systems has gained considerable attention over the past decades. This development is driven by the continuous growth of quantum technologies. The efficient coupling of light and matter is an enabling technology for quantum information processing and quantum communication. And indeed, in recent years much progress has been made in this direction. But applications aside, the interaction of photons and atoms is a fundamental physics problem. There are various possibilities for making this interaction more efficient, among them the apparently 'natural' attempt of mode-matching the light field to the free-space emission pattern of the atomic system of interest. Here we will describe the necessary steps of implementing this mode-matching with the ultimate aim of reaching unit coupling efficiency. We describe the use of deep parabolic mirrors as the central optical element of a free-space coupling scheme, covering the preparation of suitable modes of the field incident onto these mirrors as well as the location of an atom at the mirror's focus. Furthermore, we establish a robust method for determining the efficiency of the photon-atom coupling.

  12. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 11, No. 1, January 1996 SF6 Dielectric Behaviour in a High Voltage Circuit Breaker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    presented. 95 SM 495-2 PWRD A paper recommended and approved by the IEEE Switchgear Committee of the IEEE

  13. Broadband terahertz photonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burghoff, David Patrick

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, quantum cascade lasers have emerged as mature semiconductor sources of light in the terahertz range, the frequency range spanning 1 to 10 THz. Though technological development has pushed their operating ...

  14. Photons & Fusion Newsletter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A technology designed to improve NIF's flexibility and efficiency and a technique to boost the power of fiber lasers have received 2013 R&D 100 Awards. Awarded annually by R&D...

  15. DIRECT PHOTONS FROM Y(3100) DECAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronan, M.T.

    2010-01-01

    to search for direct photons from 0(3100) decay. V* havedecay, but a sianal of high energy direct photons remains.this excess of direct photons wi*h OCD predictions and

  16. 2562 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 58, NO. 8, AUGUST 2010 Multi-Frequency Synthetic Thinned Array Antenna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruf, Christopher

    , Ruba A. Amarin, Member, IEEE, James W. Johnson, Senior Member, IEEE, Paul Nelson, Student Member, IEEE, Mark W. James, David E. Simmons, Christopher S. Ruf, Fellow, IEEE, W. Linwood Jones, Life Fellow, IEEE with Applied EM, Hampton, VA 23666 USA (e-mail: m.c.bailey@cox.net). R. A. Amarin, J. W. Johnson, P. Nelson, W

  17. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 55, NO. 7, JULY 2008 1733 Investigation of Thermal Crosstalk Between SOI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 55, NO. 7, JULY 2008 1733 Investigation of Thermal Crosstalk Between SOI FETs by the Subthreshold Sensing Technique Manu Shamsa, Student Member, IEEE, Paul M. Solomon, Fellow, IEEE, Keith A. Jenkins, Senior Member, IEEE, Alexander A. Balandin, Senior Member, IEEE

  18. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 51, NO. 5, MAY 2004 693 Effect of Stochastic Dead Space on Noise in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teich, Malvin C.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 51, NO. 5, MAY 2004 693 Effect of Stochastic Dead Space on Noise in Avalanche Photodiodes Oh-Hyun Kwon, Majeed M. Hayat, Senior Member, IEEE, Joe C. Campbell, Fellow, IEEE, Bahaa E. A. Saleh, Fellow, IEEE, and Malvin Carl Teich, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--A stochastic

  19. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 51, NO. 3, MARCH 2004 371 Effects of Mechanical Strain on TFTs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suo, Zhigang

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 51, NO. 3, MARCH 2004 371 Effects of Mechanical Strain on TFTs on Spherical Domes Pai-hui Iris Hsu, Student Member, IEEE, M. Huang, H. Gleskova, Member, IEEE, Z. Xi, Z. Suo, S. Wagner, Fellow, IEEE, and James C. Sturm, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--In this paper

  20. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS, VOL. 25, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2009 1319 Exoskeletal Force-Sensing End-Effectors With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Yong-Lae

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS, VOL. 25, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2009 1319 Exoskeletal Force-Sensing End-Effectors With Embedded Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating Sensors Yong-Lae Park, Student Member, IEEE, Seok Chang Ryu, Richard J. Black, Member, IEEE, Kelvin K. Chau, Member, IEEE, Behzad Moslehi, Member, IEEE, and Mark R. Cutkosky

  1. 372 IEEE INTERNET OF THINGS JOURNAL, VOL. 1, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2014 Sybil Attacks and Their Defenses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

    372 IEEE INTERNET OF THINGS JOURNAL, VOL. 1, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2014 Sybil Attacks and Their Defenses in the Internet of Things Kuan Zhang, Student Member, IEEE, Xiaohui Liang, Member, IEEE, Rongxing Lu, Member, IEEE, and Xuemin Shen, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--The emerging Internet-of-Things (IoT) are vulnera- ble to Sybil

  2. IEEE Radio Communications March 2005S22 0163-6804/05/$20.00 2005 IEEE Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yuanzhu Peter

    for the CTS frame and adopts the binary exponential backoff (BEB) algorithm to compute a new random backoff tool to model and analyze the IEEE 802.11 DCF. In addition, the BEB algorithm causes the fair- ness

  3. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATION SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING 1 A Survey of Research on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbeel, Pieter

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATION SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING 1 A Survey of Research on Cloud Robotics and Automation Ben Kehoe Student Member, IEEE, Sachin Patil Member, IEEE, Pieter Abbeel Senior Member, IEEE, Ken-accessible resources, has potential to provide significant benefits to robots and automation systems. This survey

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 A Simplified Formulation for Rough Surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEEEProof IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 A Simplified Formulation for Rough paper. To download the IEEE Taxonomy, go to http://www.30 ieee.org/documents/taxonomy_v101.pdf.31 I, OH 43210 USA. Color versions of one or more of the figures in this paper are available online at http://ieeexplore.ieee

  5. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS 1 MAP Decoding for Multi-Antenna Systems with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehlau, David

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS 1 MAP Decoding for Multi-Antenna Systems with Non-Uniform Sources: Exact Pairwise Error Probability and Applications Firouz Behnamfar, Member, IEEE, Fady Alajaji, Senior Member, IEEE, and Tam´as Linder, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract We study the maximum a posteriori

  6. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 59, NO. 3, MARCH 2011 689 Impact of Opportunistic Scheduling on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkashlan, Maged

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 59, NO. 3, MARCH 2011 689 Impact of Opportunistic Scheduling on Cooperative Dual-Hop Relay Networks Nan Yang, Student Member, IEEE, Maged Elkashlan, Member, IEEE, and Jinhong Yuan, Member, IEEE Abstract--This letter advocates the performance of a multiuser

  7. IEEE 1451 standard and wireless sensor networks: An over view of fault tolerant algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    227 IEEE 1451 standard and wireless sensor networks: An over view of fault tolerant algorithms Shubha Kher Senior member IEEE, Jinran Chen and Arun K Somani, Fellow IEEE Dependable Computing Lab, Iowa state University, Ames, IA 50011 tshubhajrchen,arun @,iastate. edu Abstract The IEEE 1451 standards

  8. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING 1 3D Discrete Shearlet Transform and Video

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labate, Demetrio

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING 1 3D Discrete Shearlet Transform and Video Processing Pooran , as M . Copyright (c) 2010 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to use this material for any other purposes must be obtained from the IEEE by sending a request to pubs-permissions@ieee

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING 1 Image Noise Level Estimation by Principal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hesser, Jürgen

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING 1 Image Noise Level Estimation by Principal Component IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to use this material for any other purposes must be obtained from the IEEE by sending a request to pubs-permissions@ieee.org. S

  10. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 36, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 1998 1655 Forward Electromagnetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golden, Kenneth M.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 36, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 1998 1655 Forward Electromagnetic Scattering Models for Sea Ice K. M. Golden, M. Cheney, Kung-Hau Ding, A. K. Fung, Fellow, IEEE, Thomas C. Grenfell, Associate Member, IEEE, D. Isaacson, Jin Au Kong, Fellow, IEEE, Son V. Nghiem, Member

  11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 23, NO. 4, JULY 2008 2201 Scalable Digital Multiphase Modulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 23, NO. 4, JULY 2008 2201 Scalable Digital Multiphase Modulator Tony Carosa, Member, IEEE, Regan Zane, Senior Member, IEEE, and Dragan Maksimovic´, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--An architecture is presented for digital multiphase modulators (MPM) that leads

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS 1 An Efficient Algorithmic Lower Bound for the

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    Wehlau, David

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