National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for iecc post pre

  1. 2012 IECC 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, B.

    2012-01-01

    ) In 2009 code all zones were 7 ACH Significant Changes 2009 2012 IECC CATEE 2012 Conference R403.2.2 - Sealing ? Mandatory Ducts, air handlers and filter boxes shall be sealed. Joints and seams shall comply with either the IMC or IRC... must be ? 4 cfm per 100 sq. ft. of conditioned floor area across the entire system including the manufacturer?s air handler enclosure Duct Sealing ? Mandatory - R403.2.2 Significant Changes 2009 2012 IECC CATEE 2012 Conference...

  2. 2009 IECC Recommendations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yazdani, Bahman; Culp, Charles; Haberl, Jeff

    2009-01-01

    .D. Jeff Haberl, P.E., Ph.D. Associate Director Associate Director Associate Director cc: David Claridge, P.E., Ph.D., Director ? ESL Table 1: 2000/2001 IECC Performance Path vs. 2009 IECC Performance Path County IECC 2009 Weather Zones Energy...

  3. Energy Exchange Pre- and Post-Trainings and Agency Meetings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Several pre- and post-trainings and agency meetings are held in conjunction with the Energy Exchange and are unaffiliated with the training provided through the Energy Exchange.

  4. Real-Time Particulate Mass Measurements Pre and Post Diesel Particulat...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Pre and Post Diesel Particulate Filters for LIght-Duty Diesel Vehicles Real-Time Particulate Mass Measurements Pre and Post Diesel Particulate Filters for LIght-Duty...

  5. A Comparison of Building Energy Code Stringency: 2009 IECC Versus 2012 IECC for Commercial Construction in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J.; Haberl, J.; Yazdani, B.; Ellis, S.

    2011-01-01

    to Section 502 of the 2009 IECC ............................................. 6 Table 5: Comparing Section C403 of the 2012 IECC to Section 503 of the 2009 IECC .............................................. 7 Table 6: Comparing Section C403 of the 2012... IECC to Section 503 of the 2009 IECC… .......................................... 8 Table 7: Comparing Section C403 of the 2012 IECC to Section 503 of the 2009 IECC… ......................................... 9 Table 8: Comparing Section C403...

  6. Recent advances in nuclear fission theory: pre- and post-scission...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: Recent advances in nuclear fission theory: pre- and post-scission physics Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Recent advances in nuclear fission theory: pre- and...

  7. Post-Test for Physics 123 All engineering students are taking Pre and Post Tests in physics this year. At the beginning of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glashausser, Charles

    Post-Test for Physics 123 All engineering students are taking Pre and Post Tests in physics this year. At the beginning of the semester you took a Pre-Test in recitation. The Post-Test the four parts (pre- test, pre-test online survey, post-test, post-test online survey) must be taken to get

  8. Ambulatory infusion suite: pre- and post-occupancy evaluation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepley, Mardelle McCuskey; Rybkowski, Zofia; Aliber, Jennifer; Lange, Cathleen

    2015-02-08

    dans ce contexte. Mots cle´s: e´tablissement de lutte contre le cancer, e´valuation d’e´tablissement, soins de sante´, centre de perfusion, occupation, vie prive´e, interaction sociale Introduction This study focuses on an evaluation of infusion suites... facility, facility evaluation, healthcare, infusion suite, post-occupancy, privacy, social interaction Il est pre´sente´ une e´valuation de l’expe´rience ve´cue par les patients, les familles et les employe´s dans deux centres de perfusion. L’un des centres...

  9. Comparison of 2006 IECC and 2009 IECC Commercial Energy Code Requirements for Kansas City, MO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Yunzhi; Gowri, Krishnan

    2011-03-22

    This report summarizes code requirements and energy savings of commercial buildings in climate zone 4 built to the 2009 IECC when compared to the 2006 IECC. In general, the 2009 IECC has higher insulation requirements for exterior walls, roof, and windows and have higher efficiency requirements for HVAC equipment (HVAC equipment efficiency requirements are governed by National Appliance Conversion Act of 1987 (NAECA), and are applicable irrespective of the IECC version adopted). The energy analysis results show that residential and nonresidential commercial buildings meeting the 2009 IECC requirements save between 6.1% and 9.0% site energy, and between 6.4% and 7.7% energy cost when compared to 2006 IECC. Analysis also shows that semiheated buildings have energy and cost savings of 3.9% and 5.6%.

  10. Energy Use Savings for a Typical New Residential Dwelling Unit Based on the 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2006 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-06-01

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) require a substantial improvement in energy efficiency compared to the 2006 IECC. This report averages the energy use savings for a typical new residential dwelling unit based on the 2009 and 2012 IECC compared to the 2006 IECC. Results are reported by the eight climate zones in the IECC and for the national average.

  11. Iowa Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2009 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-06-15

    The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yields positive benefits for Iowa homeowners. Moving to the 2012 IECC from the 2009 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Iowa homeowners will save $7,573 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $454 for the 2012 IECC.

  12. Idaho Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2009 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-07-03

    The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yields positive benefits for Idaho homeowners. Moving to the 2012 IECC from the 2009 IECC is cost-effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Idaho homeowners will save $4,057 with the 2012 IECC. Each year, the reduction to energy bills will significantly exceed increased mortgage costs. After accounting for up-front costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $285 for the 2012 IECC.

  13. Nevada Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2009 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-07-03

    The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yields positive benefits for Nevada homeowners. Moving to the 2012 IECC from the 2009 IECC is cost-effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Nevada homeowners will save $4,736 with the 2012 IECC. Each year, the reduction to energy bills will significantly exceed increased mortgage costs. After accounting for up-front costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 2 years for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $360 for the 2012 IECC.

  14. Ohio Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2009 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-07-03

    The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yields positive benefits for Ohio homeowners. Moving to the 2012 IECC from the 2009 IECC is cost-effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Ohio homeowners will save $5,151 with the 2012 IECC. Each year, the reduction to energy bills will significantly exceed increased mortgage costs. After accounting for up-front costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $330 for the 2012 IECC.

  15. Massachusetts Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2009 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-04-01

    The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yields positive benefits for Massachusetts homeowners. Moving to the 2012 IECC from the 2009 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Massachusetts homeowners will save $10,848 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $621 for the 2012 IECC.

  16. Delaware Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2009 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-04-01

    The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yields positive benefits for Delaware homeowners. Moving to the 2012 IECC from the 2009 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Delaware homeowners will save $10,409 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $616 for the 2012 IECC.

  17. Texas Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2009 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-06-15

    The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yields positive benefits for Texas homeowners. Moving to the 2012 IECC from the 2009 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Texas homeowners will save $3,456 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 2 years for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $259 for the 2012 IECC.

  18. Rhode Island Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2009 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-04-01

    The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yields positive benefits for Rhode Island homeowners. Moving to the 2012 IECC from the 2009 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Rhode Island homeowners will save $11,011 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $629 for the 2012 IECC.

  19. 2015 IECC: What's new in next edition? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, S.

    2013-01-01

    stream_source_info ESL-KT-13-12-32.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 3909 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name ESL-KT-13-12-32.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 2015 IECC What’s new...

  20. 2015 IECC: What's new in next edition? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, S.

    2014-01-01

    stream_source_info ESL-KT-14-11-11.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 3961 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name ESL-KT-14-11-11.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 2015 IECC What’s new...

  1. Pre- and post-emergence weed control in bermudagrass turf 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duble, Richard L

    1965-01-01

    Station, Texas, 1963. 34 10 Effects of arsenicals on common bermudagrass and nutsedge after 3 applications, College Station, Texas. 1964. 35 v Table Page An evaluation of the phytotoxicity of arseniqals to Tifgreen bermudagrass pnder golf green... to arsenic, College Station, Texas, 1964. 45 16 The analysis of variance of pre-emergence crabgrass control data under field conditions with 4-hydroxy- 3-nitrobenzene ar sonic acid, College Station, Texas, 1963. 59 17 The analysis of variance...

  2. West Virginia Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2006 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-06-15

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) yield positive benefits for West Virginia homeowners. Moving to either the 2009 or 2012 IECC from the 2006 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, West Virginia homeowners will save $1,996 over 30 years under the 2009 IECC, with savings still higher at $7,301 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for both the 2009 and 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $135 for the 2009 IECC and $480 for the 2012 IECC.

  3. Missouri Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2006 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-06-15

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) yield positive benefits for Missouri homeowners. Moving to either the 2009 or 2012 IECC from the 2006 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Missouri homeowners will save $2,229 over 30 years under the 2009 IECC, with savings still higher at $7,826 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for both the 2009 and 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $143 for the 2009 IECC and $507 for the 2012 IECC.

  4. Kansas Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2006 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-06-15

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) yield positive benefits for Kansas homeowners. Moving to either the 2009 or 2012 IECC from the 2006 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Kansas homeowners will save $2,556 over 30 years under the 2009 IECC, with savings still higher at $8,828 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for both the 2009 and 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $155 for the 2009 IECC and $543 for the 2012 IECC.

  5. Arkansas Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2006 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-06-15

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) yield positive benefits for Arkansas homeowners. Moving to either the 2009 or 2012 IECC from the 2006 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Arkansas homeowners will save $1,948 over 30 years under the 2009 IECC, with savings still higher at $6,679 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 2 years for the 2009 and 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $147 for the 2009 IECC and $466 for the 2012 IECC.

  6. Tennessee Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2006 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-06-15

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) yield positive benefits for Tennessee homeowners. Moving to either the 2009 or 2012 IECC from the 2006 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Tennessee homeowners will save $1,809 over 30 years under the 2009 IECC, with savings still higher at $6,102 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for both the 2009 and 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $123 for the 2009 IECC and $415 for the 2012 IECC.

  7. Alabama Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2006 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-06-15

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) yield positive benefits for Alabama homeowners. Moving to either the 2009 or 2012 IECC from the 2006 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Alabama homeowners will save $2,117 over 30 years under the 2009 IECC, with savings still higher at $6,182 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 2 years for both the 2009 and 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $168 for the 2009 IECC and $462 for the 2012 IECC.

  8. Louisiana Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2006 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-06-15

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) yield positive benefits for Louisiana homeowners. Moving to either the 2009 or 2012 IECC from the 2006 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Louisiana homeowners will save $1,663 over 30 years under the 2009 IECC, with savings still higher at $4,107 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 2 years for both the 2009 and 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $149 for the 2009 IECC and $358 for the 2012 IECC.

  9. Mississippi Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2006 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-06-15

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) yield positive benefits for Mississippi homeowners. Moving to either the 2009 or 2012 IECC from the 2006 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Mississippi homeowners will save $2,022 over 30 years under the 2009 IECC, with savings still higher at $5,400 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 2 years for both the 2009 and 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $164 for the 2009 IECC and $422 for the 2012 IECC.

  10. Colorado Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2006 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-07-04

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) yield positive benefits for Colorado homeowners. Moving to either the 2009 or 2012 IECC from the 2006 IECC is cost-effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Colorado homeowners will save $1,528 over 30 years under the 2009 IECC, with savings still higher at $5,435 under the 2012 IECC. Each year, the reduction to energy bills will significantly exceed increased mortgage costs. After accounting for up-front costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 2 years for the 2009 and 2 years with the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $119 for the 2009 IECC and $392 for the 2012 IECC.

  11. Arizona Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2006 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-04-01

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) yield positive benefits for Arizona homeowners. Moving to either the 2009 or 2012 IECC from the 2006 IECC is cost-effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Arizona homeowners will save $3,245 over 30 years under the 2009 IECC, with savings still higher at $6,550 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for the 2009 and 2 years with the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $231 for the 2009 IECC and $486 for the 2012 IECC.

  12. Effect of pre-harvest and post-harvest conditions and treatments on plum fruit quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisosto, Carlos H.

    include heat treatment, ozone, polyamine and calcium treatments, as well as fumigationReview Effect of pre-harvest and post-harvest conditions and treatments on plum fruit quality G. A ethylene, which is a key ripening regulator, while treatments with 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP

  13. The Fat Body Transcriptomes of the Yellow Fever Mosquito Aedes aegypti, Pre-and Post-Blood Meal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houde, Peter

    @nmsu.edu Introduction The yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti, is the primary vector for dengue fever, severalThe Fat Body Transcriptomes of the Yellow Fever Mosquito Aedes aegypti, Pre- and Post- Blood Meal Transcriptomes of the Yellow Fever Mosquito Aedes aegypti, Pre- and Post- Blood Meal. PLoS ONE 6(7): e22573. doi

  14. National Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of the Residential Provisions of the 2015 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendon, Vrushali V.; Selvacanabady, Abinesh; Zhao, Mingjie; Taylor, Zachary T.

    2015-06-10

    This PNNL technical report summarizes the results of the national cost-effectiveness analysis of the residential provisions of the 2015 IECC compared to those of the 2012 and 2009 IECC.

  15. Comparing the Residential Provisions on the 2015 IECC with the Corresponding Previsions of the 2015 IECC for Single-Family Residential Construction in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Ellis, S.; Haberl, J.S.; Yazdani, B.

    2014-01-01

    -08-01 COMPARING THE RESIDENTIAL PROVISIONS OF THE 2015 IECC WITH THE CORRESPONDING PROVISIONS OF THE 2012 IECC FOR SINGLE-FAMILY RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION IN TEXAS A Report Jaya Mukhopadhyay, PhD Juan-Carlos Baltazar, PhD., P.E. Shirley... Ellis Jeff S. Haberl, PhD, P.E. Bahman Yazdani. P.E. August 2014 August 2014 Assessing Residential Provisions in the 2015 IECC Energy Systems Laboratory...

  16. Comparing the Commercial Provisions for the 2015 IECC with the Corresponding Provisions in the 2012 IECC for Commercial Construction in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltazar, J. C.; Ellis, S.; Haberl, J.S.; Yazdani, B.

    2014-01-01

    -11-02 COMPARING THE COMMERCIAL PROVISIONS OF THE 2015 IECC WITH THE CORRESPONDING PROVISIONS IN THE 2012 IECC FOR COMMERCIAL CONSTRUCTION IN TEXAS A Report Jaya Mukhopadhyay, PhD Juan-Carlos Baltazar, PhD, P.E. Shirley Ellis Jeff S.... Haberl, PhD, P.E. Bahman Yazdani. P.E. November 2014 ii November 2014 Assessing Commercial Provisions in the 2015 IECC Energy Systems Laboratory...

  17. Survey of Recipients of WAP Services Assessment of Household Budget and Energy Behaviors Pre to Post Weatherization DOE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tonn, Bruce Edward; Rose, Erin M.; Hawkins, Beth A.

    2015-10-01

    This report presents results from the national survey of weatherization recipients. This research was one component of the retrospective and Recovery Act evaluations of the U.S. Department of Energy s Weatherization Assistance Program. Survey respondents were randomly selected from a nationally representative sample of weatherization recipients. The respondents and a comparison group were surveyed just prior to receiving their energy audits and then again approximately 18 months post-weatherization. This report focuses on budget issues faced by WAP households pre- and post-weatherization, whether household energy behaviors changed from pre- to post, the effectiveness of approaches to client energy education, and use and knowledge about thermostats.

  18. Analysis of Pre- and Post-Monsoon Suspended Sediments in the Gulf of Kachchh, India Using Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Mukesh

    2015-01-01

    A comprehensive study of satellite-derived suspended sediment concentration (SSC) during pre- and post-monsoon has been conducted with full-month cycles of tidal responses to study the suspended sediment dynamics in the Gulf of Kachchh. Tidal data were interpreted in conjunction with the OCEANSAT-1 ocean color monitor (OCM)-derived SSC for pre- and post-monsoon. The analysis of the data shows that the Gulf is predominantly affected by the tidal changes. The average SSC during pre-monsoon were 30.8 mg/l (high tide) and 24.1 mg/l (low tide); and during post-monsoon 19.7 mg/l (high tide) and 21.8 mg/l (low tide). The only little monsoonal influence is seen when Indus River discharges sediments during pre-monsoon due to increased sediment flux from its origin, Himalayas in spring (February-April) as compared to less sediment discharge observed during winter (November-December). The pre-monsoon SSC images show overall high suspended sediments whereas post-monsoon SSC images show comparatively low SSC. The use of e...

  19. Genetic variation in post-epidemic and pre-epidemic live oak populations subject to oak wilt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellamy, Brenda Kay

    1992-01-01

    GENETIC VARIATION IN POST-EPIDEMIC AND PRE-EPIDEMIC LIVE OAK POPULATIONS SUBJECT TO OAR WILT A Thesis by BRENDA KAY BELLAMY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1992 Major Subject: Plant Pathology GENETIC VARIATION XN POST-EPIDEMIC AND PRE-EPXDENIC LIVE OAK POPULATXONS SUBJECT TO OAE WILT A Thesis by BRENDA KAY BELLAMY Approved as to style and content by: David N. Ap...

  20. PrePro2004: a data model with pre and post-processor for HEC-HMS 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agrawal, Ashish

    2005-11-01

    This thesis presents the design concepts and development of an interface (Pre- Pro2004) utilizing geodatabases for the Hydrologic Modeling System (HMS) of the Hydrologic Engineering Center (HEC). HMS is a rainfall-runoff ...

  1. Automatic segmentation of cortical vessels in pre-and post-tumor resection laser range scan images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miga, Michael I.

    Automatic segmentation of cortical vessels in pre- and post- tumor resection laser range scan have developed a method, which permits this registration using vessels visible in the images. But, vessel segmentation required the localization of starting and ending points for each vessel segment. Here

  2. Plasticity in the adrenocortical response of a free-living vertebrate: The role of pre-and post-natal developmental stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plasticity in the adrenocortical response of a free-living vertebrate: The role of pre- and post of both the pre- and post-natal developmental environment to examine programming and plasticity of the HPA axis in fledglings, apparently through direct effects on nestling body condition. The plasticity

  3. Delineation of spall zone from pre/post shot reflections studies: Preliminary results from BEXAR. Los Alamos Source Region Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, S.R.; Cogbill, A.H.; Weaver, T.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Miller, R.; Steeples, D. [Kansas Univ., Lawrence, KS (United States)

    1992-12-31

    In order to delineate the lateral and depth extent of spall from a buried nuclear explosion, we have performed a high-resolution pre- and post-shot seismic reflection survey from BEXAR. Although the data quality were marginal due to poor wave propagation through the volcanic tuffs of Pahute Mesa, a number of interesting differences are observed on the pre- and post-shot surveys. On the pre-shot survey, a reflector (reflector `` 1 ``) is observed at 250 ms (or about 150 m depth) using a stacking velocity of 1300 m/s. On the post-shot survey two reflectors are observed and a stacking velocity of 1150 m/s was used representing a 12% reduction in compressional velocity. With this stacking velocity, reflector `` 1 `` is recorded at 290 ms (still at about 150 m depth) and a new reflector ``2`` is observed at 210 ms (or about 100 m depth). These stacking velocities correspond well with available uphole travel times collected in U19ba and nearby U19ax (BEXAR and KEARSARGE emplacement holes, respectively). The cause for the differences observed in the pre- and post-shot surveys may be due to one of two reasons. First, it is possible that the near-surface rocks were damaged as part of the spallation process (thus reducing the in situ velocities) and reflector ``2`` represents a spall detachment surface. However, analysis of acceleration data collected close to the reflection line suggests that the ground motions were probably inadequate to damage the tuffs. Also, no evidence of actual spallation was actually observed. The second hypothesis is that the near-surface velocities of the tuffs were altered by the change in saturation state due to extensive rains occurring between the pre- and postshot surveys. Although the dependence of seismic velocity on saturation state is controlled by a number of complex factors, it cannot be ruled out.

  4. Oklahoma Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2009 IRC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-06-15

    The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yields positive benefits for Oklahoma homeowners. Moving to the 2012 IECC from Chapter 11 of the 2009 International Residential Code (IRC) is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Oklahoma homeowners will save $5,786 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $408 for the 2012 IECC.

  5. Pennsylvania Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2009 IRC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-07-03

    The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yields positive benefits for Pennsylvania homeowners. Moving to the 2012 IECC from Chapter 11 of the 2009 International Residential Code (IRC) is cost-effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Pennsylvania homeowners will save $8,632 with the 2012 IECC. Each year, the reduction to energy bills will significantly exceed increased mortgage costs. After accounting for up-front costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $515 for the 2012 IECC.

  6. Interactive pre- and post-processing tools for finite-difference time-domain codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabral, B.K.; Laguna, G.W.; McLeod, R.R.; Ray, S.L.; Pennock, S.T.; Berger, R.L.; Bland, M.F.

    1989-01-12

    Practical three-dimensional electromagnetic modeling has traditionally been hampered by insufficient computing power. Recent advances in computer hardware are beginning to remove this difficulty, and one can expect that this trend will continue for the foreseeable future. To exploit this increased computer power and to solve more realistic problems, researchers have developed numerous algorithms appropriate for 3-D calculations and have built large general-purpose computer codes around them. In spite of this technical and theoretical progress, two practical difficulties remain: providing the computer code with an accurate description of a particular problem and viewing the end results of the calculation. Researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have been developing and using a new finite-difference, time-domain (FDTD) code over the last few years. This code, TSAR, is currently being used on a wide range of electromagnetic scattering, coupling, and propagation problems. Some of the geometries of interest are large and quite detailed, requiring meshes with more than a million cells. To efficiently deal with these large problems, we have developed a set of pre and post-processing tools to be used in conjunction with the TSAR FDTD code. This set of utilities consists of a solid-model based mesh generator, a mesh verifier, and a color/surface plotter. These tools all run on graphics workstations and, due to their highly interactive nature, are quite easy to use. For added convenience, some of the workstations are connected to a videotape system. With this arrangement, users can record complex time-varying results in a convenient and portable format. We anticipate that the poster talk associated with this paper will include a videotape demonstration of these capabilities.

  7. Challenges of Achieving 2012 IECC Air Sealing Requirements in Multifamily Dwellings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klocke, S.; Faakye, O.; Puttagunta, S.

    2014-10-01

    ?While previous versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) have included provisions to improve the air tightness of dwellings, for the first time, the 2012 IECC mandates compliance verification through blower door testing. Simply completing the Air Barrier and Insulation Installation checklist through visual inspection is no longer sufficient by itself. In addition, the 2012 IECC mandates a significantly stricter air sealing requirement. In Climate Zones 3 through 8, air leakage may not exceed 3 ACH50, which is a significant reduction from the 2009 IECC requirement of 7 ACH50. This requirement is for all residential buildings, which includes low-rise multifamily dwellings. While this air leakage rate requirement is an important component to achieving an efficient building thermal envelope, currently, the code language doesn't explicitly address differences between single family and multifamily applications. In addition, the 2012 IECC does not provide an option to sample dwellings for larger multifamily buildings, so compliance would have to be verified on every unit. With compliance with the 2012 IECC air leakage requirements on the horizon, several of CARB's multifamily builder partners are evaluating how best to comply with this requirement. Builders are not sure whether it is more practical or beneficial to simply pay for guarded testing or to revise their air sealing strategies to improve compartmentalization to comply with code requirements based on unguarded blower door testing. This report summarizes CARB's research that was conducted to assess the feasibility of meeting the 2012 IECC air leakage requirements in 3 multifamily buildings.

  8. Measuring retrofit savings in commercial buildings with pre-retrofit utility billing data and post-retrofit sub-metered data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yue

    1993-01-01

    Methodologies to measure energy and dollar savings resulting from energy conserving retrofits in commercial buildings when both pre-retrofit and post-retrofit monitored data are available at an hourly or daily level have ...

  9. National Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: A Comparison of the 2006, 2009, and 2012 Editions of the IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-04-01

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yield positive benefits for U.S. homeowners and significant energy savings for the nation. Moving from a baseline of the 2006 IECC to the 2009 IECC reduces average annual energy costs by 10.8%, while moving from the same baseline to the 2012 IECC reduces them by 32.1%. These reductions amount to annual energy cost savings of $168 and $497, respectively. The 2012 IECC saves $329 in energy costs compared to the 2009 IECC.

  10. Presented at the 2010 Rocky Mountain AAPG Section Meeting in Durango Colorado 1 Pre-and Post-injection Vertical Seismic Profiling over the Southwest Regional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Thomas H.

    -injection Vertical Seismic Profiling over the Southwest Regional Partnership's Phase II Fruitland Coal CO2 Pilot Tom of pre and post injection vertical seismic profiles collected at the Southwest Regional Partnership (SWP into the Fruitland coals. The pre-injection vertical seismic profiles were completed on June 2nd and 3rd of 2008

  11. Recommendations for 2009 IECC 15% Above Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Residential Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Montgomery, C.

    2010-01-01

    , lighting, equipment, and DHW were considered for emissions reductions determination. The recommendations were developed for three 2009 IECC climate zones in Texas along with simple payback calculations. This information is useful to homebuilders, utility...

  12. Statewide Electricity and Demand Capacity Savings from the Implementation of IECC Code in Texas: Analysis for Single-Family Residences 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.; Lewis, C.; Yazdani, B.

    2011-01-01

    ELECTRICITY AND DEMAND CAPACITY SAVINGS FROM THE IMPLEMENTATION OF IECC CODE IN TEXAS: ANALYSIS FOR SINGLE?FAMILY RESIDENCES 11th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations New York City, October 18 ? 20, 2011 Hyojin Kim Research... Statewide Electricity and Demand Savings from the IECC Code in TX 11th ICEBO Conference Oct. 18 ? 20, 2011 2 Outline Introduction Methodology Base?Case Building Results Summary Statewide Electricity and Demand Savings from the IECC Code in TX 11th...

  13. A Comparative Analysis of Residential Energy Use for 2009 IECC Compliance and 2001 IECC Compliance for Selected Climate Zones in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Liu, Z.; Malhotra, M.; Kota, S.; Blake, S.; Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

    2011-01-01

    capacity For 2009 IECC Efficiency is THE SAME as proposed design THE BASE CASE Energy Systems Laboratory @2010 S o u rc e: h tt p :/ /w w w .a ll ie d b o il er s. co m /i n d ir ec t_ fi re d _ w at er _ h ea te r. p h p 20 Assumptions based... for the State of Texas C o n cl u si o n s R es u lt s B as e- ca se C li m at e Z o n es S im u la ti o n B ac k g ro u n d Three sets of simulation models : ? 2001 IECC code-compliant house ? 2001 IECC code-compliant house with modifications...

  14. Minnesota Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the Minnesota Residential Energy Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-04-01

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) yield positive benefits for Minnesota homeowners. Moving to either the 2009 or 2012 IECC from the current Minnesota Residential Energy Code is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Minnesota homeowners will save $1,277 over 30 years under the 2009 IECC, with savings still higher at $9,873 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceed cumulative cash outlays) in 3 years for the 2009 IECC and 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $122 for the 2009 IECC and $669 for the 2012 IECC.

  15. Data Analysis, Pre-Ignition Assessment, and Post-Ignition Modeling of the Large-Scale Annular Cookoff Tests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. Terrones; F.J. Souto; R.F. Shea; M.W.Burkett; E.S. Idar

    2005-09-30

    In order to understand the implications that cookoff of plastic-bonded explosive-9501 could have on safety assessments, we analyzed the available data from the large-scale annular cookoff (LSAC) assembly series of experiments. In addition, we examined recent data regarding hypotheses about pre-ignition that may be relevant to post-ignition behavior. Based on the post-ignition data from Shot 6, which had the most complete set of data, we developed an approximate equation of state (EOS) for the gaseous products of deflagration. Implementation of this EOS into the multimaterial hydrodynamics computer program PAGOSA yielded good agreement with the inner-liner collapse sequence for Shot 6 and with other data, such as velocity interferometer system for any reflector and resistance wires. A metric to establish the degree of symmetry based on the concept of time of arrival to pin locations was used to compare numerical simulations with experimental data. Several simulations were performed to elucidate the mode of ignition in the LSAC and to determine the possible compression levels that the metal assembly could have been subjected to during post-ignition.

  16. Analysis of IECC (2003, 2006, 2009) and ASHRAE 90.1-2007 Commercial Energy Code Requirements for Mesa, AZ.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Yunzhi; Gowri, Krishnan

    2011-02-28

    This report summarizes code requirements and energy savings of commercial buildings in Climate Zone 2B built to the 2009 IECC and ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 when compared to the 2003 IECC and the 2006 IECC. In general, the 2009 IECC and ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 have higher insulation requirements for exterior walls, roof, and windows and have higher efficiency requirements for HVAC equipment. HVAC equipment efficiency requirements are governed by National Appliance Conversion Act of 1987 (NAECA), and are applicable irrespective of the IECC version adopted. The energy analysis results show that commercial buildings meeting the 2009 IECC requirements save 4.4% to 9.5% site energy and 4.1% to 9.9% energy cost when compared to the 2006 IECC; and save 10.6% to 29.4% site energy and 10.3% to 29.3% energy cost when compared to the 2003 IECC. Similar analysis comparing ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 requirements to the 2006 IECC shows that the energy savings are in the 4.0% to 10.7% for multi-family and retail buildings, but less than 2% for office buildings. Further comparison of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 requirements to the 2003 IECC show site energy savings in the range of 7.7% to 30.6% and energy cost savings range from 7.9% to 30.3%. Both the 2009 IECC and ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 have the potential to save energy by comparable levels for most building types.

  17. Pre-decisional - For Discussion Purposes Only Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document w1.½tank | PrincetonPre-Combustion Carbon

  18. Pre-decisional - For Discussion Purposes Only Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document w1.½tank | PrincetonPre-Combustion Carbon

  19. Pre-decisional - For Discussion Purposes Only Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document w1.½tank | PrincetonPre-Combustion Carbon

  20. Pre-decisional - For Discussion Purposes Only Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document w1.½tank | PrincetonPre-Combustion

  1. Challenges of Achieving 2012 IECC Air Sealing Requirements in Multifamily Dwellings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klocke, S.; Faakye, O.; Puttagunta, S.

    2014-10-01

    While previous versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) have included provisions to improve the air tightness of dwellings, for the first time, the 2012 IECC mandates compliance verification through blower door testing. Simply completing the Air Barrier and Insulation Installation checklist through visual inspection is no longer sufficient by itself. In addition, the 2012 IECC mandates a significantly stricter air sealing requirement. In Climate Zones 3 through 8, air leakage may not exceed 3 ACH50, which is a significant reduction from the 2009 IECC requirement of 7 ACH50. This requirement is for all residential buildings, which includes low-rise multifamily dwellings. While this air leakage rate requirement is an important component to achieving an efficient building thermal envelope, currently, the code language doesn't explicitly address differences between single family and multifamily applications. In addition, the 2012 IECC does not provide an option to sample dwellings for larger multifamily buildings, so compliance would have to be verified on every unit. With compliance with the 2012 IECC air leakage requirements on the horizon, several of Consortium for Advanced Residential Building's (CARB’s) multifamily builder partners are evaluating how best to comply with this requirement. Builders are not sure whether it is more practical or beneficial to simply pay for guarded testing or to revise their air sealing strategies to improve compartmentalization to comply with code requirements based on unguarded blower door testing. This report summarizes CARB's research that was conducted to assess the feasibility of meeting the 2012 IECC air leakage requirements in 3 multifamily buildings.

  2. Virginia Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2009 Virginia Construction Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-06-15

    The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yields positive benefits for Virginia homeowners. Moving to the 2012 IECC from the current Virginia Construction Code is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Virginia homeowners will save $5,836 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $388 for the 2012 IECC.

  3. Michigan Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2012 IECC as Compared to the Michigan Uniform Energy Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-07-03

    The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yields positive benefits for Michigan homeowners. Moving to the 2012 IECC from the Michigan Uniform Energy Code is cost-effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Michigan homeowners will save $10,081 with the 2012 IECC. Each year, the reduction to energy bills will significantly exceed increased mortgage costs. After accounting for up-front costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $604 for the 2012 IECC.

  4. Wisconsin Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-04-01

    The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) yield positive benefits for Wisconsin homeowners. Moving to either the 2009 or 2012 IECC from the current Wisconsin state code is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Wisconsin homeowners will save $2,484 over 30 years under the 2009 IECC, with savings still higher at $10,733 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for both the 2009 and 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $149 for the 2009 IECC and $672 for the 2012 IECC.

  5. Energy and Energy Cost Savings Analysis of the IECC for Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Jian; Athalye, Rahul A.; Hart, Philip R.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Xie, YuLong; Goel, Supriya; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Liu, Bing

    2013-08-30

    The purpose of this analysis is to assess the relative energy and energy cost performance of commercial buildings designed to meet the requirements found in the commercial energy efficiency provisions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). Section 304(b) of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA), as amended, requires the Secretary of Energy to make a determination each time a revised version of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 is published with respect to whether the revised standard would improve energy efficiency in commercial buildings. As many states have historically adopted the IECC for both residential and commercial buildings, PNNL has evaluated the impacts of the commercial provisions of the 2006, 2009, and 2012 editions of the IECC. PNNL also compared energy performance with corresponding editions of ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1 to help states and local jurisdictions make informed decisions regarding model code adoption.

  6. Identification of RESNET HERS Index Values Corresponding to Minimal Complicance with the IECC Performance Path

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.

    2014-05-01

    This analysis provides a limited evaluation of the relationship between the Residential Energy Services Network (RESNET) Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Index and the simulation-based performance approach used in the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). Not all differences between the approaches are analyzed here; only a subset of the distinctions considered likely to result in quantifiable differences in the outcomes of the two approaches or otherwise believed to be of interest to code developers and policy makers are considered. This analysis evaluates, for a single-family residence with various characteristics, the ranges of HERS Index values that would result in compliance with the 2012 IECC.

  7. Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Cole, Pamala C.

    2009-10-01

    This report examines the requirements of the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code® (IECC) on residential buildings on a state-by-state basis with a separate, stand-alone chapter for each state. A summary of the requirements of the code is given for each state. The 2009 IECC is then compared to the current state code for most states or typical current construction practice for the states that do not have a residential energy efficiency code. This is the final version of a draft report by the same name that was previously cleared for release (ERICA # PNNL-18545).

  8. SU-E-T-222: Investigation of Pre and Post Irradiation Fading of the TLD100 Thermoluminescence Dosimetry for Photon Beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sina, S; Sadeghi, M; Faghihi, R

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: The pre-irradiation and post-irradiation fading of the Thermoluminescense dosimeter signals were investigated in this study. Methods: Two groups of TLD chips with pre-determined ECC values were used in this study. The two groups were divided into 6 series, each composing of 5 TLD chips.The first group was used for pre-irradiation fading. 5 TLDs were exposed to a known amount of radiation from Cs-137 source, and were read out the next day. After seven days, the other 5 TLDs were exposed to the same amount of radiation and were read out after a day. The other series of 5 TLDs were also exposed after 7,19,28, 59, and 90 days, and were read out a day after irradiation. The loss in TLD signal were obtained for all the above cases. The second group, was used for postirradiation fading. All the TLDs of this group were exposed to a known amount of radiation from Cs-137 source. The 6 series composed of 5 TLDs were read out after 1,7,19,28,59, and 90 days. The above-mentioned procedures for obtaining pre-irradiation, and post-irradiation fading were performed for three storage temperatures (25°C, 4°C, and ?18°C). Results: According to the results obtained in this study, in case of pre-irradiation fading study, the signal losses after 90 days are 12%, 24%, and 17% for 25°C, 4°C, and ?18°C respectively. In case of post-irradiation fading study, the sensitivity losses after 90 days are 25%, 216%, and 20% for 25°C, 4°C, and ?18°C respectively. Conclusion: The results indicate that the optimized time between exposing and reading out, and also the optimized time between annealing and exposing is 1 day.The reduction of Storage temperature will reduce the post-irradiation fading, While temperature reduction does not have any effect on pre-irradiation fading.

  9. Building America Case Study: Challenges of Achieving 2012 IECC Air Sealing Requirements in Multifamily Dwellings, Upstate New York (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-11-01

    While previous versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) have included provisions to improve the air tightness of dwellings, for the first time, the 2012 IECC mandates compliance verification through blower door testing. Simply completing the Air Barrier and Insulation Installation checklist through visual inspection is no longer sufficient by itself. In addition, the 2012 IECC mandates a significantly stricter air sealing requirement. In Climate Zones 3 through 8, air leakage may not exceed 3 ACH50, which is a significant reduction from the 2009 IECC requirement of 7 ACH50. This requirement is for all residential buildings, which includes low-rise multifamily dwellings. While this air leakage rate requirement is an important component to achieving an efficient building thermal envelope, currently, the code language doesn't explicitly address differences between single family and multifamily applications. In addition, the 2012 IECC does not provide an option to sample dwellings for larger multifamily buildings, so compliance would have to be verified on every unit. With compliance with the 2012 IECC air leakage requirements on the horizon, several of CARB's multifamily builder partners are evaluating how best to comply with this requirement. Builders are not sure whether it is more practical or beneficial to simply pay for guarded testing or to revise their air sealing strategies to improve compartmentalization to comply with code requirements based on unguarded blower door testing. This report summarizes CARB's research that was conducted to assess the feasibility of meeting the 2012 IECC air leakage requirements in 3 multifamily buildings.

  10. Energy and Energy Cost Savings Analysis of the 2015 IECC for Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Jian; Xie, YuLong; Athalye, Rahul A.; Zhuge, Jing Wei; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Hart, Philip R.; Liu, Bing

    2015-06-01

    As required by statute (42 USC 6833), DOE recently issued a determination that ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2013 would achieve greater energy efficiency in buildings subject to the code compared to the 2010 edition of the standard. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted an energy savings analysis for Standard 90.1-2013 in support of its determination . While Standard 90.1 is the model energy standard for commercial and multi-family residential buildings over three floors (42 USC 6833), many states have historically adopted the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) for both residential and commercial buildings. This report provides an assessment as to whether buildings constructed to the commercial energy efficiency provisions of the 2015 IECC would save energy and energy costs as compared to the 2012 IECC. PNNL also compared the energy performance of the 2015 IECC with the corresponding Standard 90.1-2013. The goal of this analysis is to help states and local jurisdictions make informed decisions regarding model code adoption.

  11. Energy and Energy Cost Savings Analysis of the 2015 IECC for Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Jian; Xie, YuLong; Athalye, Rahul A.; Zhuge, Jing Wei; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Hart, Philip R.; Liu, Bing

    2015-09-01

    As required by statute (42 USC 6833), DOE recently issued a determination that ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2013 would achieve greater energy efficiency in buildings subject to the code compared to the 2010 edition of the standard. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted an energy savings analysis for Standard 90.1-2013 in support of its determination . While Standard 90.1 is the model energy standard for commercial and multi-family residential buildings over three floors (42 USC 6833), many states have historically adopted the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) for both residential and commercial buildings. This report provides an assessment as to whether buildings constructed to the commercial energy efficiency provisions of the 2015 IECC would save energy and energy costs as compared to the 2012 IECC. PNNL also compared the energy performance of the 2015 IECC with the corresponding Standard 90.1-2013. The goal of this analysis is to help states and local jurisdictions make informed decisions regarding model code adoption.

  12. Comparison of Standard 90.1-2007 and the 2009 IECC with Respect to Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conover, David R.; Bartlett, Rosemarie; Halverson, Mark A.

    2009-12-11

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) has been asked by some states and energy code stakeholders to address the comparability of the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code® (IECC) as applied to commercial buildings and ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007 (hereinafter referred to as Standard 90.1-07). An assessment of comparability will help states respond to and implement conditions specified in the State Energy Program (SEP) Formula Grants American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Funding Opportunity, Number DE-FOA-0000052, and eliminate the need for the states individually or collectively to perform comparative studies of the 2009 IECC and Standard 90.1-07. The funding opportunity announcement contains the following conditions: (2) The State, or the applicable units of local government that have authority to adopt building codes, will implement the following: (A) A residential building energy code (or codes) that meets or exceeds the most recent International Energy Conservation Code, or achieves equivalent or greater energy savings. (B) A commercial building energy code (or codes) throughout the State that meets or exceeds the ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007, or achieves equivalent or greater energy savings . (C) A plan to achieve 90 percent compliance with the above energy codes within eight years. This plan will include active training and enforcement programs and annual measurement of the rate of compliance. With respect to item (B) above, many more states, regardless of the edition date, directly adopt the IECC than Standard 90.1-07. This is predominately because the IECC is a model code and part of a coordinated set of model building codes that state and local government have historically adopted to regulate building design and construction. This report compares the 2009 IECC to Standard 90.1-07 with the intent of helping states address whether the adoption and application of the 2009 IECC for commercial buildings can be considered equivalent to the adoption and application of Standard 90.1-07. Based on this document, states adopting the 2009 IECC, which is the document cited in (A), above, for residential construction, can also determine if they are in compliance with the above provisions for commercial buildings in (B) above and if their code meets or exceeds the ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-07.

  13. Statewide Electricity and Demand Capacity Savings from the Implementation of IECC Code in Texas: Analysis for Single-Family Residences 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents estimates of the statewide electricity and electric demand savings achieved from the adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) for single-family residences in Texas and includes the corresponding increase...

  14. Energy Provisions of the ICC-700, LEED for Homes, and ENERGY STAR Mapped to the 2009 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Britt, Michelle L.; Sullivan, Robin S.; Kora, Angela R.; Makela, Eric J.; Makela, Erin

    2011-05-06

    This document provides the results of a comparison of building energy efficient elements of the ICC-700 National Green Building Standard, LEED for Homes, and ENERGY STAR versions 2, 2.5, and 3.0 to the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (2009 IECC). This comparison will provide a tool for states and local municipalities as they consider adoption of these programs. The comparison is presented in a series of appendices. The first appendix provides a summary chart that visually represents the comprehensive comparison of the programs to the 2009 IECC topic areas. Next there are a series of individual tables (one appendix for each program) that include the specific program mapping to the 2009 IECC elements with comments that briefly discuss how well the elements mapped. Finally, a comprehensive table is included that shows all five of the programs mapped to the 2009 IECC elements to allow a detailed comparison.

  15. Estimates of Energy Cost Savings Achieved from 2009 IECC Code-Compliant, Single Family Residences in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.

    2011-01-01

    -01-01 ESTIMATES OF ENERGY COST SAVINGS ACHIEVED FROM 2009 IECC CODE-COMPLIANT, SINGLE-FAMILY RESIDENCES IN TEXAS Hyojin Kim Juan-Carlos Baltazar, Ph.D. Jeff Haberl, Ph.D., P.E. January 2011 (Revised...) ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas A&M University System 2009 IECC Cost Savings Report, p.i January 2011 Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report presents estimates...

  16. Factors Affecting Strategic Choices of the European Union Maritime Shipping Industry: Pre and Post European Union Anti-Trust Exemption 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Samuel R.

    2010-07-14

    This research is to explore the factors that affect the strategic decision to use or not use pools and conferences within the European Union (“EU”) maritime industry. The following research questions will be explored: What were the differences pre...

  17. The Factors Affecting the Location of Foreign Direct Investment by U.S. Companies Pre and Post 9-11 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newton, Brent Alexander; Mileski, Joan P.

    2008-08-19

    This research examines the motivational factors that influence the location of U.S. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in a post 9-11 world. Market factors, in the past, have been a dominant motivation in choosing a location ...

  18. Detailed Analysis of the Thermal Mass Credits in a Code-Traceable DOE-2 Simulation of the 2001 IECC for a Single-Family Residence in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, S.; Haberl, J.

    2008-01-01

    performance analysis procedures (NREL 2001). For the DHW- EIR, the EF (Energy Factor=0.55) was calculated from the 2001 IECC, Table 504.2. Since the 2001 IECC requires a thermostat setback (6 hours setup and setback to 63?F from 68?F winter set- point... report. Upper Marlboro, MD: NAHB Research Center. NREL. 2001. Building America house performance anaysis procedures (NREL/TP-550- 27754). Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Winkelmann, F. 1998. Underground surfaces: How to get a...

  19. Statewide Electrical Energy Cost Savings and Peak Demand Reduction from the IECC Code-Compliant, Single-Family Residences in Texas (2002-2009) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.

    2011-01-01

    -02-01 STATEWIDE ELECTRICITY AND DEMAND CAPACITY SAVINGS FROM THE INTERNATIONAL ENERGY CONSERVATION CODE (IECC) ADOPTION FOR SINGLE-FAMILY RESIDENCES IN TEXAS (2002-2009) Hyojin Kim Juan-Carlos Baltazar, Ph.D. Jeff Haberl, Ph.D., P... SUMMARY Statewide electricity and electric demand savings achieved from the adoption of the different International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) versions for single-family residences in Texas and the corresponding construction cost increases over...

  20. Detailed Analysis of Thermal Mass Effects in a Code-Traceable DOE-2 Simulation of the 2000 IECC for a Single-Family Residence in Texas: A Project for Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Nonattainment and Affected Areas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, S.; Haberl, J. S.

    2008-07-18

    Case DOE-2e Model (IECC1105.inp) ....................................................... 7 2.1.1 House Dimension / Heating and Cooling Controls..................................... 7 2.1.2 Thermal Properties of IECC1105.inp... ......................................................... 7 2.2 Refined Base Case DOE-2e Model (IECC1303.inp).......................................... 8 2.2.1 Thermal properties of wall construction..................................................... 8 2.2.2 The comparison of original IECC1105.inp...

  1. Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of the 2009 and 2012 IECC Residential Provisions – Technical Support Document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendon, Vrushali V.; Lucas, Robert G.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-12-04

    This analysis was conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in support of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP). DOE supports the development and adoption of efficient residential and commercial building energy codes. These codes set the minimum requirements for energy efficient building design and construction and ensure energy savings on a national level. This analysis focuses on one and two family dwellings, townhomes, and low-rise multifamily residential buildings. For these buildings, the basis of the energy codes is the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). This report does not address commercial and high-rise residential buildings, which reference ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1.

  2. A Preliminary Feasibility Assessment of the RESNET HERS Index as an Alternative Compliance Path for the IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, Zachary T.; Goel, Supriya

    2013-12-02

    This analysis provides a limited evaluation of the relationship between the Residential Energy Services Network (RESNET) Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Index and the simulation-based performance approach used in the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). Not all differences between the approaches are analyzed here; only a few distinctions considered likely to result in quantifiable differences in the outcomes of the two approaches and for which available studies have not quantified those differences. This analysis establishes, for a single-family residence with gas heat and a crawlspace foundation, a set of climate-zone-specific, complying HERS Index values that could be used to inform the development of a HERS-based compliance path in the IECC.

  3. Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of the Residential Provisions of the 2015 IECC for the State of New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendon, Vrushali V.; Selvacanabady, Abinesh

    2014-12-01

    This analysis was conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in support of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP). DOE supports the development and adoption of energy efficient and cost-effective residential and commercial building energy codes. These codes set the minimum requirements for energy-efficient building design and construction and ensure energy savings on a national level. The basis of the residential building energy codes is the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) published by the International Code Council (ICC). The IECC is developed and published on a three-year cycle, with a new edition published at the end of each cycle.

  4. New Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Challenges of Achieving 2012 IECC Air Sealing Requirements in Multifamily Dwellings, Upstate New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-11-01

    While previous versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) have included provisions to improve the air tightness of dwellings, for the first time, the 2012 IECC mandates compliance verification through blower door testing. Simply completing the Air Barrier and Insulation Installation checklist through visual inspection is no longer sufficient; the 2012 IECC mandates a significantly stricter air sealing requirement. In Climate Zones 3 through 8, air leakage may not exceed 3 ACH50, which is a significant reduction from the 2009 IECC requirement of 7 ACH50. This requirement is for all residential buildings, which includes low-rise multifamily dwellings. While this air leakage rate requirement is an important component to achieving an efficient building thermal envelope, currently, the code language doesn't explicitly address differences between single family and multifamily applications. In addition, the 2012 IECC does not provide an option to sample dwellings for larger multifamily buildings, so compliance would have to be verified on every unit. With compliance with the 2012 IECC air leakage requirements on the horizon, several of Building America team Consortium for Advanced Residential Building's (CARB) multifamily builder partners are evaluating how best to comply with this requirement. Builders are not sure whether it is more practical or beneficial to simply pay for guarded testing or to revise their air sealing strategies to improve compartmentalization to comply with code requirements based on unguarded blower door testing. This report summarizes CARB's research that was conducted to assess the feasibility of meeting the 2012 IECC air leakage requirements in three multifamily buildings.

  5. 2012 IECC 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutman, M.

    2013-01-01

    -18 COMMERCIAL BUILDING EFFICIENCY IS STAGNANT Commercial Building Energy Efficiency ESL-KT-13-12-30 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 AND, AFTER WORSENING LAST DECADE, HOME EFFICIENCY IS NOW SAME AS 1990s... LEVELS Residential Building Energy Efficiency ESL-KT-13-12-30 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 THE SIMPLE FACT . . . BUILDINGS ARE THE ELEPHANT IN THE ROOM America’s Homes & Commercial Buildings...

  6. Calculation of NOx Emission Reduction from Implementation of the 2000 IECC/IRC Conservation Code in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, W. D.; Yazdani, B.; Im, P.; Verdict, M.; Bryant, J.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.

    2003-01-01

    OF NOx EMISSIONS REDUCTION FROM IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 2000 IECC/IRC CONSERVATION CODE IN TEXAS Jeff S. Haberl Ph.D., P.E Professor/ Assc. Director Charles Culp Ph.D., P.E. Assc. Director Bahman Yazdani P.E. Assc. Director Tom Fitzpatrick... and passed Senate Bill 5 to reduce ozone levels by encouraging the reduction of emissions of NOx by sources that are currently not regulated by the state2. An important part of this legislation is the State?s energy efficiency program, which includes...

  7. Assessment of the Proposed Amendments to the 2012 IECC Provided by the North Central Texas Council of Governments (NCTCOG) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J.; Haberl, J.; Yazdani, B.; Zilbershtein, G.

    2012-01-01

    house. 8. Section R403.2.2; Amend to read as follows: R403.2.3 Building cavities (Mandatory). Building framing cavities shall not be used as supply ducts and plenums. Building framing wall cavities in the exterior thermal envelope shall... not be used as return ducts COMPLIANCE W/ CURRENT TBEPS*: Both the 2009 IRC (Section N1103.2.3) and the 2009 IECC (Section 403.2.3) allow the use of cavities as return ducts. Therefore, this suggested amendment is as stringent as the TBEPS...

  8. Comparison of the National Green Building Standard (ICC 700-2008) and LEED for Homes to the Residential Provisions of the 2009 IECC for the Delaware Green for Green Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Britt, Michelle L.; Makela, Eric J.

    2011-01-30

    Adhering to Delaware’s Green for Green program specifications results in homes being built to more energy-efficient levels than the 2009 IECC levels. Specifically: • Certifying at the Silver Performance Level for the ICC 700 standard using either the Prescriptive or Performance Paths will result in a residential building that is more efficient than if the building only complied with the 2009 IECC. • Certifying at the Silver level under LEED for Homes standard, including mandatory compliance with ENERGY STAR 2006 and earning two additional energy points will result in a residential building that is more efficient than if the building only complied with the 2009 IECC.

  9. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Challenges of Achieving 2012 IECC Air Sealing Requirements in Multifamily Dwellings, Upstate New York

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In this project, the Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings team sought to create a well-documented design and implementation strategy for air sealing in low-rise multifamily buildings that would assist in compliance with new building infiltration requirements of the 2012 IECC.

  10. Detailed Stringency Analysis of Suggested Amendments to Chapter 11 of the 2015 IRC and the 2015 IECC that were Submitted to the Texas State Energy Conservation Office (SECO) during March 30-April 30, 2014 Comment Period 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Zilbershtein, G.; Ellis, S.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.S.; Yazdani, B.

    2014-01-01

    -11-01 Detailed Stringency Analysis of Proposed Amendments to Chapter 11 of the 2015 IRC and the Residential Provisions in the 2015 IECC that were Submitted to the Texas State Energy Conservation Office (SECO) During July 4 – August 4, 2014 Comment Period... ii November 2014 Review of Comments: Chapter 11, 2015 IRC & 2015 IECC Energy Systems Laboratory Disclaimer This report is provided by the Texas A...

  11. The use of pre- and post-stimulation well test analysis in the evaluation of stimulation effectiveness in the Devonian Shales of the Appalachian Basin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lancaster, David Earl

    1988-01-01

    gas wells throughout the Appalachian Basin. The analysis of pre-stimulation well tests from four wells in Pike County, KY illustrates the practical difficulties in obtaining analyzable data from Devonian Shale wells. Fig. 1 shows the location... and requires that the flow periods prior to shut-in be even longer. The Martin 1 well located in Martin County, KY illustrates the problem of an insufficient flow period in a more typical Devonian Shale well test. The Martin 1 well was studied as part...

  12. Comparison of ASHRAE Standard 90.1, 189.1 and IECC Codes for Large Office Buildings in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J.C.; Kim, H.; Haberl, J.

    2011-01-01

    ASHRAE 90.1 2007 IECC 2009 ASHRAE 90.1 2010 ASHRAE 189.1 2009 ELEC 14655.7 12743.3 11565.5 11246.4 11207.4 8454.0 8364.2 13.0 21.1 23.3 23.5 42.3 42.9 GAS 1389.1 973.4 1016.7 667.8 704.0 749.1 534.4 29.9 26.8 51.9 49.3 46.1 61.5 TOTAL 16044.... 2009. Infiltration Modeling Guidelines for Commercial Building Energy Analysis. PNNL Report PNNL- 18898, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Grondzik, W., Kwok, A., Stien, B., Reynolds, J. 2010. Mechanical and Electrical Equipment...

  13. Poster — Thur Eve — 51: An analysis of the effectiveness of automated pre-, post- and intra-treatment auditing of electronic health records

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joseph, A.; Seuntjens, J.; Parker, W.; Kildea, J.; Freeman, C.

    2014-08-15

    We describe development of automated, web-based, electronic health record (EHR) auditing software for use within our paperless radiation oncology clinic. By facilitating access to multiple databases within the clinic, each patient's EHR is audited prior to treatment, regularly during treatment, and post treatment. Anomalies such as missing documentation, non-compliant workflow and treatment parameters that differ significantly from the norm may be monitored, flagged and brought to the attention of clinicians. By determining historical trends using existing patient data and by comparing new patient data with the historical, we expect our software to provide a measurable improvement in the quality of radiotherapy at our centre.

  14. Cost Effectiveness of Home Energy Retrofits in Pre-Code Vintage Homes in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fairey, Philip

    2012-11-01

    This analytical study examines the opportunities for cost-effective energy efficiency and renewable energy retrofits in residential archetypes constructed prior to 1980 (Pre-Code) in fourteen U.S. cities. These fourteen cities are representative of each of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) climate zones in the contiguous United States. The analysis is conducted using an in-house version of EnergyGauge USA v.2.8.05 named CostOpt that has been programmed to perform iterative, incremental economic optimization on a large list of residential energy efficiency and renewable energy retrofit measures. The principle objectives of the study are to determine the opportunities for cost effective source energy reductions in this large cohort of existing residential building stock as a function of local climate and energy costs; and to examine how retrofit financing alternatives impact the source energy reductions that are cost effectively achievable.

  15. Comparison of ASHRAE Standard- 90.1, 189.1 and IECC Codes for Large Office Buildings in Texas, ICEBO Presentation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, Jaya; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Kim, Hyojin; Haberl, Jeff; Lewis, Cyndi; Bahman, Yazdani

    2011-01-01

    2009 ASHRAE 90.1 2010 ASHRAE 189.1 2009 ASHRAE 90.1 1999 ASHRAE 90.1 2004 ASHRAE 90.1 2007 IECC 2009 ASHRAE 90.1 2010 ASHRAE 189.1 2009 Climate Zone 2A ELEC 14655.7 12743.3 11565.5 11246.4 11207.4 8454.0 8364.2 13.0 21... ASHRAE 90.1 2007 IECC 2009 ASHRAE 90.1 2010 ASHRAE 189.1 2009 Climate Zone 2A ELEC 14655.7 12743.3 11565.5 11246.4 11207.4 8454.0 8364.2 13.0 21.1 23.3 23.5 42.3 42.9 GAS 1389.1 973.4 1016.7 667.8 704.0 749.1 534.4 29.9 26.8 51.9 49.3 46...

  16. Cost-Effectiveness of Home Energy Retrofits in Pre-Code Vintage Homes in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fairey, P.; Parker, D.

    2012-11-01

    This analytical study examines the opportunities for cost-effective energy efficiency and renewable energy retrofits in residential archetypes constructed prior to 1980 (Pre-Code) in fourteen U.S. cities. These fourteen cities are representative of each of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) climate zones in the contiguous U.S. The analysis is conducted using an in-house version of EnergyGauge USA v.2.8.05 named CostOpt that has been programmed to perform iterative, incremental economic optimization on a large list of residential energy efficiency and renewable energy retrofit measures. The principle objectives of the study are as follows: to determine the opportunities for cost effective source energy reductions in this large cohort of existing residential building stock as a function of local climate and energy costs; and to examine how retrofit financing alternatives impact the source energy reductions that are cost effectively achievable.

  17. INTEGRATED APPROACH FOR THE PETROPHYSICAL INTERPRETATION OF POST- AND PRE-STACK 3-D SEISMIC DATA, WELL-LOG DATA, CORE DATA, GEOLOGICAL INFORMATION AND RESERVOIR PRODUCTION DATA VIA BAYESIAN STOCHASTIC INVERSION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlos Torres-Verdin; Mrinal K. Sen

    2004-03-01

    The present report summarizes the work carried out between September 30, 2002 and August 30, 2003 under DOE research contract No. DE-FC26-00BC15305. During the third year of work for this project we focused primarily on improving the efficiency of inversion algorithms and on developing algorithms for direct estimation of petrophysical parameters. The full waveform inversion algorithm for elastic property estimation was tested rigorously on a personal computer cluster. For sixteen nodes on the cluster the parallel algorithm was found to be scalable with a near linear speedup. This enabled us to invert a 2D seismic line in less than five hours of CPU time. We were invited to write a paper on our results that was subsequently accepted for publication. We also carried out a rigorous study to examine the sensitivity and resolution of seismic data to petrophysical parameters. In other words, we developed a full waveform inversion algorithm that estimates petrophysical parameters such as porosity and saturation from pre-stack seismic waveform data. First we used a modified Biot-Gassmann equation to relate petrophysical parameters to elastic parameters. The transformation was validated with a suite of well logs acquired in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico. As a part of this study, we carried out a sensitivity analysis and found that the porosity is very well resolved while the fluid saturation remains insensitive to seismic wave amplitudes. Finally we conducted a joint inversion of pre-stack seismic waveform and production history data. To overcome the computational difficulties we used a simpler waveform modeling algorithm together with an efficient subspace approach. The algorithm was tested on a realistic synthetic data set. We observed that the use of pre-stack seismic data helps tremendously to improve horizontal resolution of porosity maps. Finally, we submitted four publications to refereed technical journals, two refereed extended abstracts to technical conferences, and delivered two oral presentation at a technical forum. All of these publications and presentations stemmed from work directly related to the goals of our DOE project.

  18. Detailed Stringency Analysis of Suggested Amendements to Chapter ll of the 2012 IRC and the 2012 IECC that were Submitted to SECO During March 30-April 30, 2012 Comment Period 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.S.; Yazdani, B.

    2012-01-01

    and heat-pump operated heating systems (All-electric). The space cooling system is operated using 18 Table R405.5.2(1), Specifications for thermostat settings, IECC 2012. Table R405... an efficiency of 0.78 AFUE 27 . The space heating system using an electric heat-pump has an efficiency of 7.7 HSPF 28 . For the base-case house, the ducts are positioned in the attic. For the TBEPS compliant base-case the duct leakage is modeled as leakage...

  19. Comparison of the Performance Redictions of a 2009 IECC Code-Compliant House Using IC3 (Ver.3.12.1), REM/Rate (Ver.13.00), EnergyGauge (Ver. 2.8.05) and ResCHECK (Ver. 4.4.3.1) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.

    2013-01-01

    This report compares the performance of a 2009 IECC compliant house using IC3 (Ver. 3.12.1), REM/Rate (Ver. 13.00), REScheck (Ver. 4.4.3.1) and EnergyGauge (Ver. 2.8.05). The analysis was conducted for Houston, Dallas and ...

  20. PRE-FIGHT DETECTION Classification of Fighting Situations Using Heirachical AdaBoost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Bob

    PRE-FIGHT DETECTION Classification of Fighting Situations Using Heirachical AdaBoost Scott J@inf.ed.ac.uk Keywords: Fight, Pre Fight, Cuboid, AdaBoost. Abstract: Abstract: This paper investigates the detection and classification of fighting and pre and post fighting events when viewed from a video camera. Specifically we

  1. Lesson Summary Pre/post assessment of student knowledge and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    of that heat coming from the Solar energy. Also Solar radiation. 6. You've heard people talk about the word Knowledge & Skills Not applicable Science Benchmarks & Standards Not applicable Teaching Time: One 45-minute period Materials per Student · Copy of the assessment · Pencil/pen Advanced Planning Preparation Time: 20

  2. Post Retort, Pre Hydro-treat Upgrading of Shale Oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, John

    2012-09-30

    Various oil feedstocks, including oil from oil shale, bitumen from tar sands, heavy oil, and refin- ery streams were reacted with the alkali metals lithium or sodium in the presence of hydrogen or methane at elevated temperature and pressure in a reactor. The products were liquids with sub- stantially reduced metals, sulfur and nitrogen content. The API gravity typically increased. Sodi- um was found to be more effective than lithium in effectiveness. The solids formed when sodium was utilized contained sodium sulfide which could be regenerated electrochemically back to so- dium and a sulfur product using a "Nasicon", sodium ion conducting membrane. In addition, the process was found to be effective reducing total acid number (TAN) to zero, dramatically reduc- ing the asphaltene content and vacuum residual fraction in the product liquid. The process has promise as a means of eliminating sulfur oxide and carbon monoxide emissions. The process al- so opens the possibility of eliminating the coking process from upgrading schemes and upgrad- ing without using hydrogen.

  3. Pre- and Post-Full-Application General Information

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Only those applicants that submit an LOI through the DOE PAMS system by the due date at 5 p.m. Eastern time (ET) are eligible to submit a full application.

  4. Lesson Summary Pre/post assessment of student knowledge and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    friendly aliens who don't understand some things about your language, but they know a lot about astronomy" and a "year." Define "day" and "year" in a way that you think the aliens will understand. 5. Think of a way to draw a "day," and use the space below to show the idea to the aliens. (hint: Don't forget that a full

  5. Postings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Publications Postings Postings SSL IN AMERICA, A growing number of companies are working hard to create and strengthen an SSL manufacturing base here in the U. This page...

  6. USING COGNITIVE MODELING TO STUDY BEHAVIOR MODERATORS: PRE-TASK APPRAISAL AND ANXIETY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritter, Frank

    evaluation of the situation. Task appraisals can be further specified as pre-task or post-task appraisals moderators: Pre-task appraisal and anxiety. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. 2121-2125. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. #12;processor, some working memory or activation

  7. From: Post 2011 Review

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    09, 2013 11:06 AM To: Post 2011 Review Subject: BPA Post-2011 Energy Efficiency Review Update 1 - Request for Public Comment and Interest in Workgroups Dear CustomerStakeholder,...

  8. From: Post 2011 Review

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    16, 2013 12:51 PM To: Post 2011 Review Subject: BPA Post-2011 Energy Efficiency Review Update 2 - Reminder: Request for Public Comment and Interest in Workgroups Dear Customer...

  9. Pre-alternative algebras and pre-alternative bialgebras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiang Ni; Chengming Bai

    2009-07-20

    We introduce a notion of pre-alternative algebra which may be seen as an alternative algebra whose product can be decomposed into two pieces which are compatible in a certain way. It is also the "alternative" analogue of a dendriform dialgebra or a pre-Lie algebra. The left and right multiplication operators of a pre-alternative algebra give a bimodule structure of the associated alternative algebra. There exists a (coboundary) bialgebra theory for pre-alternative algebras, namely, pre-alternative bialgebras, which exhibits all the familiar properties of the famous Lie bialgebra theory. In particular, a pre-alternative bialgebra is equivalent to a phase space of an alternative algebra and our study leads to what we called $PA$-equations in a pre-alternative algebra, which are analogues of the classical Yang-Baxter equation.

  10. Pre-Arrival

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document w1.½tank | Princeton PlasmaPre-Arrival

  11. Post-Show Tips

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These guidelines are designed to help you with the post-show process. This page includes tips for tearing down your exhibit, shipping the exhibit, and collecting your bills.

  12. Pre-big bang scenario and the WZW model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcel Jacon

    2015-06-09

    Extensive studies of pre-big bang scenarios for Bianchi-I type universe have been made, at various approximation levels. Knowing the solution of the equations for the post-big bang universe, the symmetries of the equations (time reversal and scale dual transformations) allow the study of pre-big bang solutions. However, the proposed solutions are unable to explain the actually observed acceleration of the expantion of the universe.Calculating the $\\beta $ equations for the Non-Linear Sigma model, at the first loop approximation and imposing conformal invariance at this level, lead to equations of motion that simply state that the curvature must be nil, which in turn allows the utilization of groups to solve the $\\beta $ equations. This is what is done in the Weiss-Zumino-Witten (WZW) model. In this article, I will show that using the WZW model on $SU_2$, some of the difficulties encountered in the determination of the pre and post big-bang solutions are eliminated. Combining the general results obtained with the $\\Lambda $CDM parameters lead to realistic solutions for the evolution of the universe, giving an explanation to the actually observed acceleration of the expansion in terms ot the dilation field $\\phi $(t).

  13. Post Doctoral Fellows Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access|Post-PolymerizationRequirements CURRENT DOE OProgram Post

  14. POSITION POSTING Liaison Librarians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    POSITION POSTING Liaison Librarians Humanities and Social Sciences Library Assistant LibrarianGill Library seeks two innovative, autonomous and resourceful librarians to assist in the provision of a range of library and information services and collections to support teaching, learning, research and outreach

  15. Spot restoration for GPR image post-processing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Paglieroni, David W; Beer, N. Reginald

    2014-05-20

    A method and system for detecting the presence of subsurface objects within a medium is provided. In some embodiments, the imaging and detection system operates in a multistatic mode to collect radar return signals generated by an array of transceiver antenna pairs that is positioned across the surface and that travels down the surface. The imaging and detection system pre-processes the return signal to suppress certain undesirable effects. The imaging and detection system then generates synthetic aperture radar images from real aperture radar images generated from the pre-processed return signal. The imaging and detection system then post-processes the synthetic aperture radar images to improve detection of subsurface objects. The imaging and detection system identifies peaks in the energy levels of the post-processed image frame, which indicates the presence of a subsurface object.

  16. Pre-Cast Gel Electrophoresis Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirschner, Marc W.

    Novex® Pre-Cast Gel Electrophoresis Guide Version B January 27, 2003 IM-1002 Novex® Pre-Cast Gel Electrophoresis Guide General information and protocols for using Novex® pre-cast gels www.invitrogen.com tech.....................................................................................................................1 Novex® Pre-Cast Gels

  17. Fifth Annual Report: 2008 Pre-Construction Eelgrass Monitoring and Propagation for King County Outfall Mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodruff, Dana L.; Judd, Chaeli; Thom, Ronald M.; Sather, Nichole K.; Kaufmann, Ronald M.

    2010-01-01

    This is the fifth and final report in a series documenting progress of the pre-construction eelgrass restoration and mitigation activities for the proposed King County Brightwater marine outfall, discharging to Puget Sound near Point Wells, Washington. King County began implementing a multiyear eelgrass monitoring and restoration program in 2004, with the primary goal of returning intertidal and shallow subtidal habitat and eelgrass to pre-construction conditions, after construction of the outfall. Major eelgrass mitigation program elements include: a) pre-construction monitoring, i.e., documenting initial eelgrass conditions and degree of fluctuation over a 5 year period prior to construction, b) eelgrass transplanting, including harvesting, offsite propagation and stockpiling of local plants for post-construction planting, and c) post-construction planting and subsequent monitoring, occurring in 2009 and beyond. The overall program is detailed in the Eelgrass Restoration and Biological Resources Implementation Workplan (King County 2008).

  18. Pre-election JACK PEZZEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pezzey, Jack

    Pre-election greenhouse grab is on JACK PEZZEY and FRANK JOTZO Emissions trading can create vast an emissions trading scheme to do so at least cost - debate has rightly focused on emission targets to pin down either party on the second big question about emissions trading: its fairness' Will either

  19. Postings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyAprilEnergyPartnershipSitePost-Closure BenefitsPublications »

  20. Pre-commercial demonstration of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills andOrderNATIONAL CHAIRS MEETING DeerStudies of LeanPre-commercial

  1. LLNL-POST-411531

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResource and JobLCLS Operating3ledp/POST-411531 This work

  2. Pre-Award Costs Pre-award costs are incurred at the risk of the University.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammack, Richard

    Pre-Award Costs Pre-award costs are incurred at the risk of the University. The principal supply an alternate index number to charge in the event the project is not funded. Note: Pre-award costs are costs incurred prior to the beginning date of a budget period. Pre-award cost incurred more than 90 days

  3. Aug. 2, 2010, 9:00 a.m. EDT Recommend Post: PRESS RELEASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , for a savings of nearly 942,000 gallons; nearly 70 percent of power purchased as Green Power; and the use of lowAug. 2, 2010, 9:00 a.m. EDT · Recommend · Post: PRESS RELEASE Element Hotels, Starwood's "Green Trailblazer," Earns LEED "Volume Pre-certification" From U.S. Green Building Council New Building Prototype

  4. Special Report Post-project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudowsky, Ira

    128 Special Report Post-project appraisals pay Frank R. Gulliver li your company is like most, you- nal auditor with the British Petroleum Company He was a founding member of its post-project appraisal. The Rotterdam proj- ect's success taught top managers at BP a valuable lesson: the planners needed to improve

  5. Radar signal pre-processing to suppress surface bounce and multipath

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Paglieroni, David W; Mast, Jeffrey E; Beer, N. Reginald

    2013-12-31

    A method and system for detecting the presence of subsurface objects within a medium is provided. In some embodiments, the imaging and detection system operates in a multistatic mode to collect radar return signals generated by an array of transceiver antenna pairs that is positioned across the surface and that travels down the surface. The imaging and detection system pre-processes that return signal to suppress certain undesirable effects. The imaging and detection system then generates synthetic aperture radar images from real aperture radar images generated from the pre-processed return signal. The imaging and detection system then post-processes the synthetic aperture radar images to improve detection of subsurface objects. The imaging and detection system identifies peaks in the energy levels of the post-processed image frame, which indicates the presence of a subsurface object.

  6. Pre-Screening for Solar Projects on Federal Sites | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyAprilEnergyPartnershipSitePost-ClosurePowerPre-Screening for

  7. Pre-In-Plant Training Webinar (Steam)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This pre-In-Plant training webinar for the Better Plants Program covers how to find energy savings in steam systems.

  8. Pre- and post-contrast three-dimensional double inversion-recovery MRI in human glioblastoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    lesions in multiple sclerosis: improved detection with 3Da presenting symptom of multiple sclerosis: a clinical caseof cortical lesions in multiple sclerosis using double

  9. Establishment of a Rating Program for Pre- and Post-Fabricated Windows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Graham B.; Mapes, Terry S.; Shah, B.; Bloyd, Cary N.

    2011-08-01

    This document was prepared to support the Smart Buildings-Material Testing and Rating Centres (SB-2) activity of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Energy Smart Communities Initiative (ESCI). The ESCI was put forward by APEC Leaders at the 2010 meeting in Japan. APEC is the premier forum for facilitating economic growth, cooperation, trade and investment in the Asia-Pacific region. This document addresses the testing and certification of building products and equipment to support building energy codes, focusing specifically on energy-efficient factory-built windows. It sets forth a proposed structure for an APEC economy to establish a testing, rating, certification, and labeling program for efficient factory-built windows. In the context of this document, efficient windows would be windows made with insulating glass (IG) and an efficient frame assembly. The minimum efficiency metric (or thermal performance) for these windows is not quantified in this document and would generally be established by a governmental agency.

  10. Pre- and Post-burst Radio Observations of the Class 0 Protostar HOPS 383 in Orion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galván-Madrid, Roberto; Liu, Hauyu B; Costigan, Gráinne; Palau, Aina; Zapata, Luis A; Loinard, Laurent; .,

    2015-01-01

    There is increasing evidence that episodic accretion is a common phenomenon in Young Stellar Objects (YSOs). Recently, the source HOPS 383 in Orion was reported to have a $\\times 35$ mid-infrared -- and bolometric -- luminosity increase between 2004 and 2008, constituting the first clear example of a class 0 YSO (a protostar) with a large accretion burst. The usual assumption that in YSOs accretion and ejection follow each other in time needs to be tested. Radio jets at centimeter wavelengths are often the only way of tracing the jets from embedded protostars. We searched the Very Large Array archive for the available observations of the radio counterpart of HOPS 383. The data show that the radio flux of HOPS 383 varies only mildly from January 1998 to December 2014, staying at the level of $\\sim 200$ to 300 $\\mu$Jy in the X band ($\\sim 9$ GHz), with a typical uncertainty of 10 to 20 $\\mu$Jy in each measurement. We interpret the absence of a radio burst as suggesting that accretion and ejection enhancements d...

  11. Gluten-free bread : characterization and development of pre- and post- baked gluten free bread

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Rebecca Y. (Rebecca Yi-chia)

    2014-01-01

    The study was conducted to characterize the effects of xanthan gum on gluten-free bread formulations. An improved gluten-free flour blend consisting of brown rice flour, quinoa flour, and sorghum flour was used with the ...

  12. Effect of Pre and Post-Harvest Treatments on Characteristics of ‘Pawnee’ Pecan Kernels 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mansur, Zainab J

    2014-04-17

    harvesting practices (‘Direct’, early harvest and brought to the lab; ‘Cluster’, late harvest; and ‘Ground’, early harvest and kept on the ground of the orchard), four storage temperature combinations [oven at 80 °C for 48 h then ambient temperature (‘OA...

  13. Sensitivity to Growth over Time in Pre-Post Norm-Referenced Tests 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Wole

    2013-01-10

    There is very little in the literature about the sensitivity of norm-referenced tests to growth of diverse groups of test takers, particularly low-achieving test takers, who operate at the lowest 15 percentile of their ...

  14. Post-Combustion and Pre-Combustion CO2 Capture Solid Sorbents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siriwardane, R.V.; Stevens, R.W.; Robinson, Clark

    2007-11-01

    Combustion of fossil fuels is one of the major sources of the greenhouse gas CO2. Pressure swing adsorption/sorption (PSA/PSS) and temperature swing adsorption/sorption (TSA/TSS) are some of the potential techniques that could be utilized for removal of CO2 from fuel gas streams. It is very important to develop sorbents to remove CO2 from fuel gas streams that are applicable for a wide range of temperatures. NETL researchers have developed novel CO2 capture sorbents for low, moderate, and high temperature applications. A novel liquid impregnated solid sorbent was developed for CO2 removal in the temperature range of ambient to 60 °C. The sorbent is regenerable at 60 – 80 °C. The sorbent formulations were prepared to be suitable for various reactor configurations (i.e., fixed and fluidized bed). Minimum fluidization gas velocities were also determined. Multi-cycle tests conducted in an atmospheric bench scale reactor with simulated flue gas indicated that the sorbent retains its CO2 sorption capacity with a CO2 removal efficiency of approximately 99% and was unaffected by presence of water vapor. The sorbent was subsequently commercially prepared by Süd Chemie to determine the viability of the sorbent for mass production. Subsequent testing showed that the commercially-synthesized sorbent possesses the same properties as the lab-synthesized equivalent. An innovative solid sorbent containing mixture of alkali earth and alkali compounds was developed for CO2 removal at 200 – 315°C from high pressure gas streams suitable for IGCC systems. The sorbent showed very high capacity for CO2 removal from a gas streams containing 28% CO2 at 200 °C and at 20 atm during a lab scale reactor test. This sorbent can be regenerated at 20 atm and at 375 °C utilizing a gas stream containing steam. High pressure enhanced the CO2 sorption process. Bench scale testing showed consistent capacities and regenerability. A unique high temperature solid sorbent was developed for CO2 capture at temperatures of 500 – 700°C. Bench scale testing of the sorbent yielded very high CO2 capture capacity from a gas stream containing 10% CO2, 30% H2, 15% H2O, and 25% He. Regeneration of the sorbent is possible at 800 – 900 °C.

  15. The Effects of Pre and Post Hatch LED Lighting on Development and Behavior in Chickens 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huth, Jesse C

    2015-05-08

    consisting of 4 hatches: 2 using a commercial white leghorn (W-36), and 2 using commercial broiler strains (Cobb 500 and Ross 308) eggs. Each trial consisted of 3 lighted (12L:12D) and 3 dark (0L:24D) incubators containing 288 eggs each. Hatchability...

  16. DSM savings verification through short-term pre-and-post energy monitoring at 90 facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Misuriello, H.

    1994-12-31

    This paper summarizes the DSM impact results obtained from short-term energy measurements performed at sites monitored as part of the Commercial, Industrial and Agricultural (CIA) Retrofit Incentives Evaluation Program sponsored by the Pacific Gas & Electric Company. The DSM measures include those typically found in these sectors; i.e., lighting, motors, irrigation pumps and HVAC modifications. The most important findings from the site measurements are the estimated annual energy and demand savings. Although there may be large differences of projected energy savings for individual sites, when viewed in the aggregate the total energy savings for the program were found to be fairly comparable to engineering estimates. This paper describes the lessons learned from attempting in-situ impact evaluations of DSM savings under both direct and custom rebate approaches. Impact parameters of interest include savings under both direct and custom rebate approaches. Impact parameters of interest include gross first-year savings and load shape impacts. The major method discussed in this paper is short-term before/after field monitoring of affected end-uses; however, the complete impact evaluation method also includes a billing analysis component and a hybrid statistical/engineering model component which relies, in part, on the short-term end-use data.

  17. Review of Pre- and Post-1980 Buildings in CBECS - HVAC Equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winiarski, David W.; Jiang, Wei; Halverson, Mark A.

    2006-12-01

    PNNL was tasked by DOE to look at HVAC systems and equipment for Benchmark buildings based on 2003 CBECS data. This white paper summarizes the results of PNNL’s analysis of 2003 CBECS data and provides PNNL’s recommendations for HVAC systems and equipment for use in the Benchmark buildings.

  18. Recent advances in nuclear fission theory: pre- and post-scission physics

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding access toSmall ReactorRaymond Davis, Jr., Solar

  19. Recent advances in nuclear fission theory: pre- and post-scission physics

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTech ConnectSpeedingConnect(Conference) | SciTech Connect Conference: Recent

  20. Post loss/profit announcement drift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balakrishnan, K; Bartov, E; Faurel, L

    2010-01-01

    sectional variation in the post-earnings announcement drift.V. , Thomas, J. , 1989. Post-earnings-announcement drift:ciency perspective on the post-earnings-announcement drift.

  1. TETTERSTO NATURE Pre-industrial atmospheric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    for pre-industrial atmospherictrace-metalcontaminationt''it is commonlyassumed that air pollution motor vehicles.Here we report analysesof lake sedimentsfrom Sweden showing that atmosphericlead that this pre-industrial airborne pollution was derived from extensive production and use of lead in Europe

  2. Flashback resistant pre-mixer assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Laster, Walter R. (Oviedo, FL); Gambacorta, Domenico (Oviedo, FL)

    2012-02-14

    A pre-mixer assembly associated with a fuel supply system for mixing of air and fuel upstream from a main combustion zone in a gas turbine engine. The pre-mixer assembly includes a swirler assembly disposed about a fuel injector of the fuel supply system and a pre-mixer transition member. The swirler assembly includes a forward end defining an air inlet and an opposed aft end. The pre-mixer transition member has a forward end affixed to the aft end of the swirler assembly and an opposed aft end defining an outlet of the pre-mixer assembly. The aft end of the pre-mixer transition member is spaced from a base plate such that a gap is formed between the aft end of the pre-mixer transition member and the base plate for permitting a flow of purge air therethrough to increase a velocity of the air/fuel mixture exiting the pre-mixer assembly.

  3. PRE-DESIGN INVESTIGATION SUMMARY REPORT FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program #12;#12;REVISION 0 PRE-DESIGN INVESTIGATION SUMMARY REPORT.S. Army Corps of Engineers, St. Louis District Office, Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action ProgramREVISION 0 PRE-DESIGN INVESTIGATION SUMMARY REPORT FOR COLDWATER CREEK FROM McDONNELL BOULEVARD

  4. A Comparison of the Stringency of the 2001 IECC Versus the 2009 IECC and 2009 IRC 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Zi; Mukhopadhyay, Jaya; Haberl, Jeff; Yazdani, Bahman; Culp, Charles

    2010-01-01

    R - 0 R - 0 R - 0 R - 0 R - 0 R - 0 R - 0 R - 0 R - 0 R - 6 R - 0 R - 0 R - 0 R - 0 R - 0 R - 0 R - 0 R - 0 R - 0 R - 6 A t t i c - I nf i l t r atio n N ote B 1.5 A C H D oo r s - Lo catio n and ar ea N ote B D oo r s - U Fa ct or S ec. 40 2... al m ass N ote B H ea t i ng an d cool i ng sy st em - S i z e N ote B H ea t i ng an d cool i ng sy st em - E f f i ci en cy T ab l e 503.2 S erv i ce w ater he atin g S ec. 40 2.1. 3.7 g al / da y =30*a+ ( 10 *b) T emp. : 12 0 F S erv i...

  5. Montana State University 1 Pre-Veterinary Curriculum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 Pre-Veterinary Curriculum MSU offers pre-veterinary coursework. MSU's pre-veterinary curriculum is not a major from which students will graduate, and `pre done, but it is an option. CHMY 121IN is not required for the pre-veterinary curriculum and does

  6. Pre-Ship Review November 13 &14, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pre-Ship Review November 13 &14, 2001 #12;Pre Ship Review- November 2001 2 Nov 11 Agenda 1 Issues (Sandy) 16. Future Plans (Sandy) #12;Pre Ship Review- November 2001 3 Nov 11 DEIMOS Front View #12;Pre Ship Review- November 2001 4 Nov 11 DEIMOS- Side View #12;Pre Ship Review- November 2001 5 Nov 11

  7. RCRA post-closure permits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-01

    The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) requires that hazardous waste management facilities operate in accordance with permits granted by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or a State authorized to carry out the RCRA Subtitle C program. Several categories of permits (including treatment, storage, and disposal permits; research, development, and demonstration permits; post-closure permits; emergency permits; permits-by-rule; and trial burn and land treatment demonstration permits) are issued under the RCRA Subtitle C program. This Information Brief focuses on post-closure permitting requirements under 40 CFR 270.1(c).

  8. PRE-MEDICAL PROFESSIONS Medical professional schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRE-MEDICAL PROFESSIONS Medical professional schools encourage students to develop the broadest medical professions include: English Composition (English 101 and 102) Public Speaking (Comm 111 different from the other medical professions. The Optometry Admissions Test is required. Students should

  9. Inventory pre-positioning for humanitarian operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akkihal, Anup Roop

    2006-01-01

    This research examines the impact of inventory pre-positioning on humanitarian operations. The study identifies optimal locations for warehousing non-consumable inventories required for initial deployment of aid. These ...

  10. PRE-PRECIPITATION PHENOMENA AT GRAIN BOUNDARIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briceno-Valero, J.

    2010-01-01

    13820 DE82 0 1 2 7 9 4 PRE-PRECIPITATION PHENOMENA AT GRAINof any evidence suggesting precipitation has occurred. Theand grain boundary precipitation have shown (1) that there

  11. Pre-engagement process improvement in IBM PC services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuo, Jie, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    The front end of the IBM PC factory integration & deployment process is a pre-engagement process. In this study, the pre-engagement process, was analyzed. The organizational structure in the pre-engagement process and the ...

  12. POST-EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE ASSESSMENT USING SATELLITE AND AIRBORNE DATA IN THE CASE OF THE 1999 KOCAELI EARTHQUAKE, TURKEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EARTHQUAKE, TURKEY D. Ozisika , N. Kerleb a General Directorate of Bank of Provinces, Ataturk Bulvari, No:21 Opera/Ankara/TURKEY (dozisik@ilbank.gov.tr) b Dept. of Earth Observation Sciences, International to improve damage assessment in the case of the 1999 Kocaeli earthquake, Turkey. Pre and post-earthquake Spot

  13. Competencies: a cure for pre-med curriculum.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    under- graduate science curriculum. The prescribed courseCompetencies: A Cure for Pre-Med Curriculum Downloaded fromto a competency-based curriculum for pre- medical education.

  14. Characterization of Pre-Commercial Gasoline Engine Particulates...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Pre-Commercial Gasoline Engine Particulates Through Advanced Aerosol Methods Characterization of Pre-Commercial Gasoline Engine Particulates Through Advanced Aerosol Methods...

  15. POSITION POSTING Librarian-Cataloguer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Patanjali

    for Research Libraries (CRL), and is the first Canadian member of the HathiTrust Digital Library. INFORMATION for renewal Salary: Commensurate with experience Posting number: 14-AL9923-01 The McGill Library seeks activities of the Library. THE McGILL LIBRARY The Library is committed to the delivery of innovative

  16. Spatially assisted down-track median filter for GPR image post-processing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Paglieroni, David W; Beer, N Reginald

    2014-10-07

    A method and system for detecting the presence of subsurface objects within a medium is provided. In some embodiments, the imaging and detection system operates in a multistatic mode to collect radar return signals generated by an array of transceiver antenna pairs that is positioned across the surface and that travels down the surface. The imaging and detection system pre-processes the return signal to suppress certain undesirable effects. The imaging and detection system then generates synthetic aperture radar images from real aperture radar images generated from the pre-processed return signal. The imaging and detection system then post-processes the synthetic aperture radar images to improve detection of subsurface objects. The imaging and detection system identifies peaks in the energy levels of the post-processed image frame, which indicates the presence of a subsurface object.

  17. Revising partial pre-orders with partial pre-orders: A unit-based revision framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Weiru

    ). However, in some real-world applications, a new input can be a partial pre-order where each unit by another partial pre-order (the new input) from a different per- spective, where the revision is conducted that characterizes the pro- cess of belief change in order to revise an agent's current beliefs to accommodate new

  18. POSTED

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700 GJO-2003-411-TAC GJO-PIN~$7-K 1 l+-L3-+. I/

  19. Third Annual Post Competition Accountability Report | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Report - Office of Legacy Management's High Performing Organization: Fiscal Year (FY) 2014 Third Annual Post Competition Accountability Report More Documents &...

  20. Structure of the Newcastle disease virus F protein in the post-fusion conformation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swanson, Kurt; Wen, Xiaolin; Leser, George P.; Paterson, Reay G.; Lamb, Robert A.; Jardetzky, Theodore S. (Stanford-MED); (NWU); (HHMI)

    2010-11-17

    The paramyxovirus F protein is a class I viral membrane fusion protein which undergoes a significant refolding transition during virus entry. Previous studies of the Newcastle disease virus, human parainfluenza virus 3 and parainfluenza virus 5 F proteins revealed differences in the pre- and post-fusion structures. The NDV Queensland (Q) F structure lacked structural elements observed in the other two structures, which are key to the refolding and fusogenic activity of F. Here we present the NDV Australia-Victoria (AV) F protein post-fusion structure and provide EM evidence for its folding to a pre-fusion form. The NDV AV F structure contains heptad repeat elements missing in the previous NDV Q F structure, forming a post-fusion six-helix bundle (6HB) similar to the post-fusion hPIV3 F structure. Electrostatic and temperature factor analysis of the F structures points to regions of these proteins that may be functionally important in their membrane fusion activity.

  1. East Carolina University Pre-Professional Advising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalakrishnan, K.

    East Carolina University Pre-Professional Advising Health Professions Manual 2014-2015 East://www.ecu.edu/ppac #12;Health Professions Advising Manual 1) Introduction 3 2) Deciding on a health profession 4 3) Health professions requirement four years or more of education 8 4) Fastest growing health professions

  2. 20% Discount PrePub Offer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sørensen, Michael

    20% Discount Pre­Pub Offer List Price: $69.95 (tent.) Special Price: $55.96 + shipping & handling Please mention reference #Y402 when placing your order! Offer Valid Until August 31, 2002 Table. 2002 / Approx. 400 pp. / Hardcover ISBN 0­8176­4201­3/ List Price US$69.95 (tent.) SPECIAL PRICE: US$55

  3. Karen Geren* Pre-Award Manager

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, James S.

    Support Assistant IV James Mendez III Office Support Assistant II Chase Bunger, JD Sr. Compliance Manager White, MAcc Senior Accountant Jeremy Cox, MBA* Senior Accountant Melissa Old, CRA Post-Award Lead Team 3 Address: 115 Business Loop 70W 5th Floor Mizzou North Columbia, MO 65211-830 Email Address: Compliance

  4. Third Annual Report: 2006 Pre-Construction Eelgrass Monitoring and Propagation for King County Outfall Mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodruff, Dana L.; Southard, Susan S.; Cullinan, Valerie I.; Kohn, Nancy P.; Anderson, Michael G.; Vavrinec, John

    2007-02-01

    King County proposes to build a new sewer outfall discharging to Puget Sound near Point Wells, Washington. Construction is scheduled for 2008. The Point Wells site was selected to minimize effects on the nearshore marine environment, but unavoidable impacts to eelgrass (Zostera marina) beds are anticipated during construction. To mitigate for these impacts and prepare for post-construction restoration, King County began implementation of a multi-year eelgrass monitoring and restoration program in 2004, with the primary goal of returning intertidal and shallow subtidal habitat and eelgrass to pre-construction conditions. Major program elements are a) pre-construction monitoring, i.e., documenting initial eelgrass conditions and degree of fluctuation over 5 years prior to construction, b) eelgrass transplanting, including harvesting, offsite propagating and stockpiling of local plantstock, and post-construction planting, and c) post-construction monitoring. The program is detailed in the Eelgrass Restoration and Biological Resources Implementation Workplan (King County 2006). This report describes calendar year 2006 pre-construction activities conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in support of King County. Activities included continued propagation of eelgrass shoots and monitoring of the experimental harvest plots in the marine outfall corridor area to evaluate recovery rates relative to harvest rates. Approximately 1500 additional shoots were harvested from the marine outfall corridor in August 2006 to supplement the plants in the propagation tank at the PNNL Marine Sciences Laboratory in Sequim, Washington, bringing the total number of shoots to 4732. Eelgrass densities were monitored in the five experimental harvest plots established in the marine outfall corridor. Changes in eelgrass density were evaluated in year-to-year comparisons with initial harvest rates. Net eelgrass density decreased from 2004 post-harvest to 2006 in all plots, despite density increases observed in 2005 in some plots and at some harvest rates. Eelgrass densities within individual subplots were highly variable from year to year, and the change in density in any interannual period did not correlate to the initial 2004 harvest rate. Continued monitoring should help project managers determine an optimum harvest rate that supports rapid recovery of donor eelgrass beds.

  5. FBI officer accepts LANL counterintelligence post

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LANL counterintelligence FBI officer accepts LANL counterintelligence post Cloyd has most recently served as assistant director of the Counterintelligence Division of the Federal...

  6. Associate Research Physicist (Post Doc, Experimental Research...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Post Doc, Experimental Research, NSTX-U, Radio Frequency Waves) Department: Research Staff: RM1 Requisition Number: 1500421 The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) seeks to...

  7. Fourth Annual Report: 2007 Pre-Construction Eelgrass Monitoring and Propagation for King County Outfall Mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodruff, Dana L.; Kohn, Nancy P.; Cullinan, Valerie I.; Southard, Susan S.; Vavrinec, John

    2007-10-04

    King County proposes to build a new sewer outfall discharging to Puget Sound near Point Wells, Washington. Construction is scheduled for 2008. The Point Wells site was selected to minimize effects on the nearshore marine environment, but unavoidable impacts to eelgrass (Zostera marina) beds are anticipated during construction. To mitigate these impacts and prepare for post-construction restoration, King County began implementing a multiyear eelgrass monitoring and restoration program in 2004, with the primary goal of returning intertidal and shallow subtidal habitat and eelgrass to pre-construction conditions. Major program elements related to eelgrass are (a) pre-construction monitoring, i.e., documenting initial eelgrass conditions and degree of fluctuation over 5 years prior to construction, (b) eelgrass transplanting, including harvesting, offsite propagating, and stockpiling of local plants for post-construction planting, and (c) post-construction planting and subsequent monitoring. The program is detailed in the Eelgrass Restoration and Biological Resources Implementation Workplan (King County 2006). This report describes calendar year 2007 pre-construction activities conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for King County. Activities included continued propagation of eelgrass shoots at the PNNL Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) in Sequim, Washington, and monitoring of the experimental harvest plots in the marine outfall corridor area to evaluate recovery rates relative to harvest rates. In addition, 490 eelgrass shoots were also harvested from the Marine Outfall Corridor in July 2007 to supplement the plants in the propagation tank at the MSL, bringing the total number of shoots to 1464. Eelgrass densities were monitored in four of five experimental harvest plots established in the Marine Outfall Corridor. Changes in eelgrass density were evaluated in year-to-year comparisons with initial harvest rates. A net increase in eelgrass density from 2004 post-harvest to 2007 was observed in all plots, despite density decreases observed in 2006 in all plots and at most harvest rates. Eelgrass densities within individual subplots were highly variable from year to year, and the change in density in any interannual period was not related to initial 2004 harvest rate. Harvest rates of neighboring subplots did not appear to affect subplot eelgrass density (Woodruff et al. 2007). Three years post-harvest, eelgrass shoot densities were not significantly different from pre-harvest shoot densities at any harvest level. Additional plans are being discussed with King County to harvest all eelgrass from the construction corridor and hold in the propagation tanks at the MSL for post-construction planting. Under this plan, plants that would have been lost to construction will be held offsite until construction is completed. This strategy reduces and possibly eliminates the need to harvest eelgrass from donor beds located south of the construction area, allowing them to remain undisturbed. However, if eelgrass is harvested from donor beds, the monitoring of eelgrass growth at different harvest rates should help determine an optimum harvest rate that supports rapid recovery of donor eelgrass beds.

  8. Hydrogen Storage Pre-Solicitation Meeting Attendee List

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A list of attendees for the Hydrogen Storage Pre-Solicitation Meeting held June 19, 2003 in Washington, DC.

  9. Questions and Answers from Storage Pre-Solicitation Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Questions and Answers from "Grand Challenge" Hydrogen Storage Pre-Solicitation Meeting held June 19, 2003 in Washington, DC

  10. Prunus persica (Cultivated) 3 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James R. Manhart

    2011-08-10

    . This suggested amendment removes the option for post- construction tests for duct leakage. 6. Modifications to N1103.2.3, 2012 IRC and R403.2.3 – The 2009 code allows using building cavities for return air, and prohibits their use for supply air. The 2012 code....1.3, 2012 IECC – This suggested amendment reverts to the 2006 IECC specifications for Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC). 8. A modification to Section R403.5, 2012 IECC – This suggested amendment is to add the IRC requirements for specifications...

  11. Pre-Inca mining in the Southern Nasca Region, Peru

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pre-Inca mining in the Southern Nasca Region, Peru Jelmer W. Eerkens1 , Kevin J. Vaughn2 & Moises Linares Grados3 Guided by modern miners of the region the authors track down pre-Inca mining sites, extraction or production. Keywords: Peru, Nasca, pre-Hispanic, mining Introduction Godoy (1985) has suggested

  12. AnonyFacebook -Liking Facebook Posts Anonymously

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferreira, Paulo

    AnonyFacebook - Liking Facebook Posts Anonymously Pedro Alves1 and Paulo Ferreira2 1 Opensoft the simple act of liking (on Facebook) an anti-government article or video can be (and has already been) used to anonymously "like" any post. In this paper we present anonyFacebook, a system that allows Face- book users

  13. Probing Pre-Protosellar Cores with Formaldehyde

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaisa E. Young; Jeong-Eun Lee; Neal J. Evans II; Paul F. Goldsmith; Steven D. Doty

    2004-06-23

    We present maps of the 6 cm and 1.3 mm transitions of formaldehyde toward three cold, dense pre-protostellar cores: L1498, L1512, and L1544. The 6 cm transition is a unique probe of high density gas at low temperature. However, our models unequivocally indicate that H2CO is depleted in the interiors of PPCs, and depletion significantly affects how H2CO probes the earliest stages of star formation. Multi-stage, self-consistent models, including gas--dust energetics, of both H2CO transitions are presented, and the implications of the results are discussed.

  14. ARM - Spring 2002 Pre-Workshop Evaluations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska OutreachCalendarPressExtendedPre-Workshop Evaluations Outreach Home

  15. Pre-Packaged Commercial PACE Financing Solutions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills andOrderNATIONAL CHAIRS MEETING DeerStudies of Lean NOxPre-Packaged

  16. Pre-decisional - For Discussion Purposes Only

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document w1.½tank | PrincetonPre-Combustion Carbon

  17. Pre-decisional - For Discussion Purposes Only

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document w1.½tank | PrincetonPre-Combustion Carbon

  18. Post-Remediation Biomonitoring of Pesticides in Marine Waters Near the United Heckathorn Site, Richmond, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Antrim, Liam D.; Kohn, Nancy P.

    2000-09-05

    Marine sediment remediation at the United Heckathorn Superfund Site was completed in April 1997. Water and mussel tissues were sampled in January 1998 from four stations near Lauritzen Canal in Richmond, California, for the first post-remediation monitoring of marine areas near the United Heckathorn Site. Dieldrin and DDT were analyzed in water samples, tissue samples from resident mussels, and tissue samples from transplanted mussels deployed for 4 months. Concentrations of dieldrin and total DDT in water and total DDT in tissue were compared to pre-remediation data available from the California State Mussel Watch program (tissues) and the Ecological Risk Assessment for the United Heckathorn Superfund Site (tissues and water). Biomonitoring results indicated that pesticides were still bioavailable in the water column, and have not been reduced from pre-remediation levels. Annual biomonitoring will continue to assess the effectiveness of remedial actions at the United Heckathorn Site.

  19. POST-CONFLICT LAND ADMINISTRATION WITHIN THE PROCESS OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    POST-CONFLICT LAND ADMINISTRATION WITHIN THE PROCESS OF POST-CONFLICT STATE BUILDING; CASE KOSOVO and Post-Conflict Environment Land Administration in Post-Conflict Environment Post-Conflict State Building-conflict state building Figure 1: Conceptual Research design #12;KOSOVO ­ MAIN CASE STUDY Field work ­ 2 weeks

  20. Post-Retrofit Residential Assessments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lancaster, Ross; lutzenhiser, Loren; Moezzi, Mithra; Widder, Sarah H.; Chandra, Subrato; Baechler, Michael C.

    2012-04-30

    This study examined a range of factors influencing energy consumption in households that had participated in residential energy-efficiency upgrades. The study was funded by a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and was conducted by faculty and staff of Portland State University Center for Urban Studies and Department of Economics. This work was made possible through the assistance and support of the Energy Trust of Oregon (ETO), whose residential energy-efficiency programs provided the population from which the sample cases were drawn. All households in the study had participated in the ETO Home Performance with Energy Star (HPwES) program. A number of these had concurrently pursued measures through other ETO programs. Post-retrofit energy outcomes are rarely investigated on a house-by-house basis. Rather, aggregate changes are ordinarily the focus of program impact evaluations, with deviation from aggregate expectations chalked up to measurement error, the vagaries of weather and idiosyncrasies of occupants. However, understanding how homes perform post-retrofit on an individual basis can give important insights to increase energy savings at the participant and the programmatic level. Taking a more disaggregated approach, this study analyzed energy consumption data from before and after the retrofit activity and made comparisons with engineering estimates for the upgrades, to identify households that performed differently from what may have been expected based on the estimates. A statistical analysis using hierarchal linear models, which accounted for weather variations, was performed looking separately at gas and electrical use during the periods before and after upgrades took place. A more straightforward comparison of billing data for 12-month periods before and after the intervention was also performed, yielding the majority of the cases examined. The later approach allowed total energy use and costs to be assessed but did not account for weather variation. From this statistical analysis, 18 study participants were selected and interviewed. The participants completed an in-home interview covering a range of topics, including changes in occupancy and additional changes to the homes that may have affected energy use. The goal of the interviews was to identify factors that may have contributed to unusual energy performance. These factors were identified by their frequency of occurrence in outperforming or underperforming homes, or simply by identifying factors that had the largest impact on overall savings. The motivations and levels of satisfaction with the outcomes of the upgrades were covered in detail, as well as extensive discussions of behaviors pertaining to thermal control, lighting, water, and appliance use. Most of cases studied achieved substantial energy savings, although it was more common for the projected savings to be greater than the demonstrated savings. Two factors that played a very large role in savings variation were 1) changes in occupancy and 2) fenestration improvements outside of the incentive programs. Motivation for pursuing the upgrades (e.g., environmental sustainability vs. comfort or cost savings) did not seem to play any role in achieving savings. Participants generally were more concerned with maintaining aesthetics through lighting than comfort through heating or cooling. They also seemed more likely to turn the lights off when leaving a room than to turn the heat off when leaving the home.

  1. Complex geometry and pre-metric electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. H. Delphenich

    2004-12-10

    The intimate link between complex geometry and the problem of the pre-metric formulation of electromagnetism is explored. In particular, the relationship between 3+1 decompositions of R4 and the decompositions of the vector space of bivectors over R4 into real and imaginary subspaces relative to a choice of complex structure is emphasized. The role of the various scalar products on the space of bivectors that are defined in terms of a volume element on R4 and a complex structure on the space of bivectors that makes it C-linear isomorphic to C3 is discussed in the context of formulation of a theory of electromagnetism in which the Lorentzian metric on spacetime follows as a consequence of the existence of electromagnetic waves, not a prior assumption.

  2. Non-equilibrated post freeze out distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. K. Magas; A. Anderlik; Cs. Anderlik; L. P. Csernai

    2003-07-03

    We discuss freeze out on the hypersurface with time-like normal vector, trying to answer how realistic is to assume thermal post freeze out distributions for measured hadrons. Using simple kinetic models for gradual freeze out we are able to generate thermal post FO distribution, but only in highly simplified situation. In a more advanced model, taking into account rescattering and re-thermalization, the post FO distribution gets more complicated. The resulting particle distributions are in qualitative agreement with the experimentally measured pion spectra. Our study also shows that the obtained post FO distribution functions, although analytically very different from the Juttner distribution, do look pretty much like thermal distributions in some range of parameters.

  3. Posted 10/18/11 MANUFACTURING ENGINEER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    manufacturing processes in our Metal Fabrication and Assembly departments. Additional responsibilities includePosted 10/18/11 MANUFACTURING ENGINEER Kenall Manufacturing Gurnee, IL Kenall, a leading manufacturer of advanced lighting solutions for specialized environments, has exceptional opportunities

  4. Supply Chain Logistics Post Recovery Landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    1 Supply Chain Logistics ­ Post Recovery Landscape Freight and Logistics Symposium Center.... · Logistics Perspective · Transportation · Trucking, Rail, Ocean, River, Fuel · Global Sourcing & U.S. Logistics · Land Bridges, Inland ports, Import Warehouses, Plant Locations · Domestic Logistics · Retail

  5. Technical Note Post hoc Bayesian model selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    Technical Note Post hoc Bayesian model selection Karl Friston , Will Penny The Wellcome Trust and Raftery, 1995; Penny et al., 2004). We will try to illustrate this perspective with a few toy examples

  6. Magnetic Nanostructures for post-CMOS Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -high density storage devices. Moreover, the semiconductor industry is looking beyond conventional CMOSMagnetic Nanostructures for post-CMOS Electronics NANOMATERIALS Our goal is to address storage technologies, notably magnetoresistive random access memory and bit-patterned media for ultra

  7. Motivation Matters: Differing Effects of Pre-Goal and Post-Goal Emotions on Attention and Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaplan, Robin L; Van Damme, Ilse; Levine, Linda J

    2012-01-01

    8, 521–535. Emotion, motivation, and memory Knutson, B. ,Adcock, R. A. (2011). Is all motivation good for learning?of approach and avoidance motivation in declarative memory.

  8. JOURNAL OF LATEX CLASS FILES, VOL. 11, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2012 1 Pre vs Post State Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burmester, Mike

    no power of their own and get power from the radio waves of the reader. Such tags are unable to perform resources at least comparable to those of a cellphone. Readers implement a radio interface to the tags

  9. Ibuprofen Administered Pre- or Post- Simulated Resistance Exercise Training Does Not Diminsh Gains in Bone Formation or Bone Mass 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, David

    2012-02-14

    Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been shown to suppress bone formation when administered before, but not if administered after, an acute bout of mechanical load in rats. The NSAID ibuprofen inhibits ...

  10. Pre-operative and Post-operative Weight Trends of Total Joint Arthroplasty Patients and Outcomes Associated with Weight Change /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inacio, Maria Carolina Secorun

    2013-01-01

    and interpretation of anthropometry. Geneva, Switzerland:and interpretation of anthropometry. Geneva, Switzerland:

  11. The influence of temperatures and mechanical treatments on pre- and post-emergence growth of peach and plum seedlings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsalih, Kamil Khidher

    1961-01-01

    , the possibility of variation between speoies SCAPI ICI ~ ~ IA NI A ~ ~ ~ 0 0 0 ~ ~ O IO Ch 33m R R CII CII CII ~ ~ A 4 SI S 0 0 0 '4l Q 4l Q s CII r 0 O ~ ~ as ~8 ~gA ICI IO 0 N Ill OE 0 CIA CIN Ch CO ~ ~ ~ t N ~ ~ 0 CCI ICI 0 0 0...W goeio4 oo ~. f As ooe ~ oero. eheea&eriheIL Q aeero%o areae ia i' piIaoale. Q4e oeaooivagg coal, 4 have hoea oaaee4 Q %he high O~erafeee, '()IIkaeee 4; ea4 0)? . gheee eee4lxlwge 4L4 aos groo ee sapL41p ehoa tirei Osaaeferro4 4e ~ gro hoaa? ?e 4L4...

  12. Postings Archives-2010 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics AndBeryllium Disease | DepartmentOLEDEnergy Political Activity atPost-Combustion0 Postings

  13. Postings Archives-2011 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics AndBeryllium Disease | DepartmentOLEDEnergy Political Activity atPost-Combustion0 Postings1

  14. Postings Archives-2012 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics AndBeryllium Disease | DepartmentOLEDEnergy Political Activity atPost-Combustion0 Postings12

  15. Postings Archives-2013 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics AndBeryllium Disease | DepartmentOLEDEnergy Political Activity atPost-Combustion0 Postings123

  16. Postings Archives-2014 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics AndBeryllium Disease | DepartmentOLEDEnergy Political Activity atPost-Combustion0 Postings1234

  17. Post-Closure Benefits | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyAprilEnergyPartnershipSitePost-Closure Benefits Post-Closure

  18. Commodity Money in a Convex Trading Post Sequence Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2008-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:signal its supply. The trading post sequence economy modelin a Walrasian trading post example,” Economics Letters,

  19. Language Modeling with Tree Substitution Matt Post and Daniel Gildea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gildea, Daniel

    Language Modeling with Tree Substitution Grammars Matt Post and Daniel Gildea Department framework (Cohn et al., 2009; Post and Gildea, 2009). Compared to past heuristic approaches, these grammars

  20. Post-Review Feedback Questionnaire for Evaluating the Peer Review...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Post-Review Feedback Questionnaire for Evaluating the Peer Review Process Post-Review Feedback Questionnaire for Evaluating the Peer Review Process EERE is committed to continuous...

  1. Advanced Post-Combustion CO2 Capture Prepared for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Advanced Post-Combustion CO2 Capture Prepared for the Clean Air Task Force under a grant from...................................................................................... 3 2. Current Status of Post-Combustion Capture

  2. DOE Site Facility Management Contracts Internet Posting | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    DOE Site Facility Management Contracts Internet Posting DOE Site Facility Management Contracts Internet Posting PDF icon DOE NNSA Site Facility Management Contracts - November...

  3. Methods for Post Irradiation Examination of Tritium Producing...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Methods for Post Irradiation Examination of Tritium Producing Burnable Absorber Rods Methods for Post Irradiation Examination of Tritium Producing Burnable Absorber Rods...

  4. Post Irradiation Examination of Stainless Steel Cladding from...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Post Irradiation Examination of Stainless Steel Cladding from In-Reactor Permeation Experiment Post Irradiation Examination of Stainless Steel Cladding from In-Reactor Permeation...

  5. Matrix multiplication operations with data pre-conditioning in...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    operations with data pre-conditioning in a high performance computing architecture Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Matrix multiplication operations with...

  6. Matrix multiplication operations with data pre-conditioning in...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Matrix multiplication operations with data pre-conditioning in a high performance computing architecture Eichenberger, Alexandre E; Gschwind, Michael K; Gunnels, John A Mechanisms...

  7. Post Irradiation Capabilities at the Idaho National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schulthess, J.L.; Robert D. Mariani; Rory Kennedy; Doug Toomer

    2011-08-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) oversees the research, development, and demonstration activities that ensure nuclear energy remains a viable energy option for the United States. Fuel and material development through fabrication, irradiation, and characterization play a significant role in accomplishing the research needed to support nuclear energy. All fuel and material development requires the understanding of irradiation effects on the fuel performance and relies on irradiation experiments ranging from tests aimed at targeted scientific questions to integral effects under representative and prototypic conditions. The DOE recently emphasized a solution-driven, goal-oriented, science-based approach to nuclear energy development. Nuclear power systems and materials were initially developed during the latter half of the 20th century and greatly facilitated by the United States’ ability and willingness to conduct large-scale experiments. Fifty-two research and test reactors with associated facilities for performing fabrication and pre and post irradiation examinations were constructed at what is now Idaho National Laboratory (INL), another 14 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and a few more at other national laboratory sites. Building on the scientific advances of the last several decades, our understanding of fundamental nuclear science, improvements in computational platforms, and other tools now enable technological advancements with less reliance on large-scale experimentation.

  8. Post Irradiation Capabilities at the Idaho National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schulthess, J.L.

    2011-08-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) oversees the research, development, and demonstration activities that ensure nuclear energy remains a viable energy option for the United States. Fuel and material development through fabrication, irradiation, and characterization play a significant role in accomplishing the research needed to support nuclear energy. All fuel and material development requires the understanding of irradiation effects on the fuel performance and relies on irradiation experiments ranging from tests aimed at targeted scientific questions to integral effects under representative and prototypic conditions. The DOE recently emphasized a solution-driven, goal-oriented, science-based approach to nuclear energy development. Nuclear power systems and materials were initially developed during the latter half of the 20th century and greatly facilitated by the United States ability and willingness to conduct large-scale experiments. Fifty-two research and test reactors with associated facilities for performing fabrication and pre and post irradiation examinations were constructed at what is now Idaho National Laboratory (INL), another 14 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and a few more at other national laboratory sites. Building on the scientific advances of the last several decades, our understanding of fundamental nuclear science, improvements in computational platforms, and other tools now enable technological advancements with less reliance on large-scale experimentation.

  9. Lysine carboxylation: unveiling a spontaneous post-translational modification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jimenez-Morales, David; Adamian, Larisa; Shi, Dashuang; Liang, Jie

    2014-01-01

    A computational method for the prediction of lysine carboxylation (KCX) in protein structures is described. The method accurately identifies misreported KCXs and predicts previously unknown KCX sites. The carboxylation of lysine residues is a post-translational modification (PTM) that plays a critical role in the catalytic mechanisms of several important enzymes. It occurs spontaneously under certain physicochemical conditions, but is difficult to detect experimentally. Its full impact is unknown. In this work, the signature microenvironment of lysine-carboxylation sites has been characterized. In addition, a computational method called Predictor of Lysine Carboxylation (PreLysCar) for the detection of lysine carboxylation in proteins with available three-dimensional structures has been developed. The likely prevalence of lysine carboxylation in the proteome was assessed through large-scale computations. The results suggest that about 1.3% of large proteins may contain a carboxylated lysine residue. This unexpected prevalence of lysine carboxylation implies an enrichment of reactions in which it may play functional roles. The results also suggest that by switching enzymes on and off under appropriate physicochemical conditions spontaneous PTMs may serve as an important and widely used efficient biological machinery for regulation.

  10. Augmented Vessels for Pre-operative Preparation in Endovascular Treatments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Albert C. S.

    Augmented Vessels for Pre-operative Preparation in Endovascular Treatments Wilbur C.K. Wong1 to construct imaginary disease-free vessel lumens, namely augmented vessels, and demarcate the abnormalities;Augmented Vessels for Pre-operative Preparation 603 Several researchers have suggested to detach a saccular

  11. Dynamic Modelling and Control Design of Pre-combustion Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foss, Bjarne A.

    principles. The pre- combustion gas power cycle plants consist of reformers and separation units, com and control design of two pre-combustion power cycles, i.e., a hydro- gen membrane reformer (HMR) based power- pressors, gas and steam turbines and a heat recovery system. Analysis of dynamic models at an early stage

  12. Pre-1970 transuranic solid waste at the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenhalgh, W.O.

    1995-05-23

    The document is based on a search of pre-1970 Hanford Solid Waste Records. The available data indicates seven out of thirty-one solid waste burial sites used for pre-1970 waste appear to be Transuranic (TRU). A burial site defined to be TRU contains >100 nCi/gm Transuranic nuclides.

  13. FICHE DE POSTE Intitul du poste : Secrtaire Gnral de Centre de Recherche Inserm-Universit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arleo, Angelo

    oeuvre la politique d'achats et les procédures d'appels d'offres. Il contribue à la bonne mise en oeuvre recherche est également requise. Une expérience de management d'équipe (administrative et/ou de gestionFICHE DE POSTE Intitulé du poste : Secrétaire Général de Centre de Recherche Inserm

  14. VARIABILITY OF DISK EMISSION IN PRE-MAIN SEQUENCE AND RELATED STARS. III. EXPLORING STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN THE PRE-TRANSITIONAL DISK IN HD 169142

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, Kevin R.; Sitko, Michael L.; Swearingen, Jeremy R.; Champney, Elizabeth H.; Johnson, Alexa N.; Werren, Chelsea; Grady, Carol A.; Whitney, Barbara A.; Russell, Ray W.; Schneider, Glenn H.; Momose, Munetake; Muto, Takayuki; Inoue, Akio K.; Lauroesch, James T.; Hornbeck, Jeremy; Brown, Alexander; Fukagawa, Misato; Currie, Thayne M.; Wisniewski, John P.; Woodgate, Bruce E. E-mail: sitkoml@ucmail.uc.edu E-mail: ehchampney@gmail.com E-mail: ccwerren@yahoo.com E-mail: bwhitney@astro.wisc.edu

    2015-01-10

    We present near-IR (NIR) and far-UV observations of the pre-transitional (gapped) disk in HD 169142 using NASA's Infrared Telescope Facility and Hubble Space Telescope. The combination of our data along with existing data sets into the broadband spectral energy distribution reveals variability of up to 45% between ?1.5-10 ?m over a maximum timescale of 10 yr. All observations known to us separate into two distinct states corresponding to a high near-IR state in the pre-2000 epoch and a low state in the post-2000 epoch, indicating activity within the ?1 AU region of the disk. Through analysis of the Pa ? and Br ? lines in our data we derive a mass accretion rate in 2013 May of M-dot ? (1.5-2.7) × 10{sup –9} M {sub ?} yr{sup –1}. We present a theoretical modeling analysis of the disk in HD 169142 using Monte-Carlo radiative transfer simulation software to explore the conditions and perhaps signs of planetary formation in our collection of 24 yr of observations. We find that shifting the outer edge (r ? 0.3 AU) of the inner disk by 0.05 AU toward the star (in simulation of accretion and/or sculpting by forming planets) successfully reproduces the shift in NIR flux. We establish that the ?40-70 AU dark ring imaged in the NIR by Quanz et al. and Momose et al. and at 7 mm by Osorio et al. may be reproduced with a 30% scaled density profile throughout the region, strengthening the link to this structure being dynamically cleared by one or more planetary mass bodies.

  15. Generator stator core vent duct spacer posts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Griffith, John Wesley (Schenectady, NY); Tong, Wei (Clifton Park, NY)

    2003-06-24

    Generator stator cores are constructed by stacking many layers of magnetic laminations. Ventilation ducts may be inserted between these layers by inserting spacers into the core stack. The ventilation ducts allow for the passage of cooling gas through the core during operation. The spacers or spacer posts are positioned between groups of the magnetic laminations to define the ventilation ducts. The spacer posts are secured with longitudinal axes thereof substantially parallel to the core axis. With this structure, core tightness can be assured while maximizing ventilation duct cross section for gas flow and minimizing magnetic loss in the spacers.

  16. Post-industrial-revolution HCI Colin Johnson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    Post-industrial-revolution HCI Colin Johnson University of Kent Computing Laboratory Canterbury is akin to the state of manufacturing prior to the industrial revolution. It is suggested that eventually an industrial revolution will occur in programming through the use of automated program generation tools, which

  17. Home | Register Web Search: Post Archives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Derek Charles

    Home | Register Web Search: Search News Post Archives Advanced Search Related Links Oh Canada Maps Web Links News Home Page News Digest OnPolitics Nation World Africa Americas Asia/Pacific Europe Former USSR Middle East Columnists Search the World Special Reports Canada - Key Stories - Maps - Web

  18. Impact Cratering and Post-impact Sedimentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torsvik, Trond Helge

    Chapter 5 Impact Cratering and Post-impact Sedimentation Henning Dypvik, Morten Smelror, Atle Mørk; Dypvik and Attrep 1999; Sandbakken 2002) (see Figs. 6.2 and 6.3). In this chapter the Mjølnir core (7329-0316 Oslo, Norway e-mail: henning.dypvik@geo.uio.no 139H. Dypvik et al. (eds.), The Mjølnir Impact

  19. AVIS DE POSTE VACANT TEMPORAIRE (3 mois)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charette, André

    inclusivement Réf. no TS 13-09-04 Titre du poste : Technicien infirmier Technicienne infirmière Échelle de salaires : 23,43 $ à 30,55 $ Description de la fonction Dispense des soins infirmiers aux patients et aux'expérience pertinente Autres : Membre de l'Ordre des Infirmiers et Infirmières du Québec. Procédure de mises en

  20. THE EFFECT OF THE PRE-DETONATION STELLAR INTERNAL VELOCITY PROFILE ON THE NUCLEOSYNTHETIC YIELDS IN TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Yeunjin; Jordan, G. C. IV; Graziani, Carlo; Lamb, D. Q.; Truran, J. W.; Meyer, B. S.

    2013-07-01

    A common model of the explosion mechanism of Type Ia supernovae is based on a delayed detonation of a white dwarf. A variety of models differ primarily in the method by which the deflagration leads to a detonation. A common feature of the models, however, is that all of them involve the propagation of the detonation through a white dwarf that is either expanding or contracting, where the stellar internal velocity profile depends on both time and space. In this work, we investigate the effects of the pre-detonation stellar internal velocity profile and the post-detonation velocity of expansion on the production of {alpha}-particle nuclei, including {sup 56}Ni, which are the primary nuclei produced by the detonation wave. We perform one-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations of the explosion phase of the white dwarf for center and off-center detonations with five different stellar velocity profiles at the onset of the detonation. In order to follow the complex flows and to calculate the nucleosynthetic yields, approximately 10,000 tracer particles were added to every simulation. We observe two distinct post-detonation expansion phases: rarefaction and bulk expansion. Almost all the burning to {sup 56}Ni occurs only in the rarefaction phase, and its expansion timescale is influenced by pre-existing flow structure in the star, in particular by the pre-detonation stellar velocity profile. We find that the mass fractions of the {alpha}-particle nuclei, including {sup 56}Ni, are tight functions of the empirical physical parameter {rho}{sub up}/v{sub down}, where {rho}{sub up} is the mass density immediately upstream of the detonation wave front and v{sub down} is the velocity of the flow immediately downstream of the detonation wave front. We also find that v{sub down} depends on the pre-detonation flow velocity. We conclude that the properties of the pre-existing flow, in particular the internal stellar velocity profile, influence the final isotopic composition of burned matter produced by the detonation.

  1. PRE-ACD VOTE National Institutes of Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ungerleider, Leslie G.

    Committee to the Director National Library of Medicine (NLM) Working Group FINAL Director charged the National Library of Medicine (NLM) Working Group, hereafterPRE-ACD VOTE 1 National Institutes of Health Advisory

  2. Characterization and Pre-treatment of LLW in Turkey - 12572

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osmanlioglu, Ahmet Erdal

    2012-07-01

    Pre-treatment of radioactive waste is the first step in waste management program that occurs after waste generation from various applications in Turkey. Pre-treatment and characterization practices are carried out in Radioactive Waste Management Unit (RWMU) at Cekmece Nuclear Research and Training Center (CNRTC) in Istanbul. This facility has been assigned to take all low-level radioactive wastes generated by nuclear applications in Turkey. The wastes are generated from research and nuclear applications mainly in medicine, biology, agriculture, quality control in metal processing and construction industries. These wastes are classified as low- level radioactive wastes. Pre-treatment practices cover several steps. In this paper, main steps of pre-treatment and characterization are presented. Basically these are; collection, segregation, chemical adjustment, size reduction and decontamination operations. (author)

  3. Laser plasma formation assisted by ultraviolet pre-ionization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yalin, Azer P., E-mail: ayalin@engr.colostate.edu; Dumitrache, Ciprian [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 (United States); Wilvert, Nick [Sandia Laboratory, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States); Joshi, Sachin [Cummins Inc., Columbus, Indiana 47201 (United States); Shneider, Mikhail N. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

    2014-10-15

    We present experimental and modeling studies of air pre-ionization using ultraviolet (UV) laser pulses and its effect on laser breakdown of an overlapped near-infrared (NIR) pulse. Experimental studies are conducted with a 266?nm beam (fourth harmonic of Nd:YAG) for UV pre-ionization and an overlapped 1064?nm NIR beam (fundamental of Nd:YAG), both having pulse duration of ?10?ns. Results show that the UV beam produces a pre-ionized volume which assists in breakdown of the NIR beam, leading to reduction in NIR breakdown threshold by factor of >2. Numerical modeling is performed to examine the ionization and breakdown of both beams. The modeled breakdown threshold of the NIR, including assist by pre-ionization, is in reasonable agreement with the experimental results.

  4. NANOTECHNOLOGY CERTIFICATE PROGRAM PRE-SURVEY What is Nanotechnology?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Gisele

    NANOTECHNOLOGY CERTIFICATE PROGRAM PRE-SURVEY What is Nanotechnology? Nanotechnology is the engineering of functional systems at length scales spanning 1 ­ 100 nm.nano.gatech.edu Why should I study Nanotechnology? Nanotechnology education will prepare you for exciting career

  5. Evaluation of pre-packaged agricultural drip irrigation kits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Shen, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to conduct user testing and performance evaluation of two different agricultural pre-packaged drip irrigation kit (PDIK) systems: Chapin Bucket Kit and International Design Enterprises (IDE) ...

  6. Covered Product Category: Pre-Rinse Spray Valves | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Using the Cost-Effectiveness Table In Table 2 above, the Required pre-rinse spray valve is cost-effective if its purchase price is no more than 435 above that of the Base...

  7. Pre-stressed Morphing Bistable and Neutrally Stable Shells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guest, Simon

    be a different material: bending the disk manually achieves the same end-point and stiff paper card materials, specifically, those which have a shear modulus different from the isotropic value. Finally, pre

  8. Pre-Combustion Carbon Capture Research | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    to 40tonne of CO2. Research focuses on three key separation technologies - advanced solvents, sorbents, and membranes - in order to meet this goal. The pre-combustion capture...

  9. Pre-In-Plant Training Webinar (Compressed Air)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This pre-In-Plant training webinar for the Better Plants Program covers the basics of finding energy savings in Compressed Air systems and introduces the AIRMaster+ software tool.

  10. A pre-introduction to algebraic geometry by pictures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-07-20

    A pre-introduction to algebraic geometry by pictures. Donu Arapura. A complex algebraic plane curve is the set of complex solutions to a polynomial equation f(x,

  11. Pre-service Teachers' Knowledge of Algebra Teaching for Equity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Latoya

    2013-12-09

    This study examined validity and reliability of an instrument used to measure the cultural awareness beliefs and problem-solving strategies of pre-service mathematics teachers created by the Knowledge for Teaching Algebra Equitably (KATE) project...

  12. Ultrafast carrier capture in InGaAs quantum posts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talbayev, Diyar; Taylor, Antoinette J; Stehr, D; Morris, C M; Wagner, M; Kim, H C; Schneider, H; Petroff, P M; Sherwin, M S

    2009-01-01

    To explore the capture dynamics of photoexcited carriers in semiconductor quantum posts, optical pump - THz probe and time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy were performed. The results of the THz experiment show that after ultrafast excitation, electrons relax within a few picoseconds into the quantum posts, which are acting as efficient traps. The saturation of the quantum post states, probed by photoluminescence, was reached approximately at ten times the quantum post density in the samples. The results imply that quantum posts are posts highly attractive nanostructures for future device applications.

  13. Rapid induction of IgE responses to a worm cysteine protease during murine pre-patent schistosome infection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    protease during murine pre-patent schistosome infection. BMCprotease during murine pre-patent schistosome infectionBackground: During the pre-patent stage of infection,

  14. Tumor Response and Survival Predicted by Post-Therapy FDG-PET/CT in Anal Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwarz, Julie K.; Siegel, Barry A.; Dehdashti, Farrokh; Myerson, Robert J.; Fleshman, James W.; Grigsby, Perry W.

    2008-05-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the response to therapy for anal carcinoma using post-therapy imaging with positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography and F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and to compare the metabolic response with patient outcome. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of 53 consecutive patients with anal cancer. All patients underwent pre- and post-treatment whole-body FDG-PET/computed tomography. Patients had been treated with external beam radiotherapy and concurrent chemotherapy. Whole-body FDG-PET was performed 0.9-5.4 months (mean, 2.1) after therapy completion. Results: The post-therapy PET scan did not show any abnormal FDG uptake (complete metabolic response) in 44 patients. Persistent abnormal FDG uptake (partial metabolic response) was found in the anal tumor in 9 patients. The 2-year cause-specific survival rate was 94% for patients with a complete vs. 39% for patients with a partial metabolic response in the anal tumor (p = 0.0008). The 2-year progression-free survival rate was 95% for patients with a complete vs. 22% for patients with a partial metabolic response in the anal tumor (p < 0.0001). A Cox proportional hazards model of survival outcome indicated that a complete metabolic response was the most significant predictor of progression-free survival in our patient population (p = 0.0003). Conclusions: A partial metabolic response in the anal tumor as determined by post-therapy FDG-PET is predictive of significantly decreased progression-free and cause-specific survival after chemoradiotherapy for anal cancer.

  15. A Pre-Treatment Model for Ethanol Production Using a Colorimetric...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A Pre-Treatment Model for Ethanol Production Using a Colorimetric Analysis of Starch Solutions (1 Activity) A Pre-Treatment Model for Ethanol Production Using a Colorimetric...

  16. Post-Baccalaureate Health Professions Program Application Form 2015 Cohort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post-Baccalaureate Health Professions Program Application Form 2015 Cohort-0178 Thank you for your interest in the Post-Baccalaureate Health Professions Program to a graduate medical, or other health profession, program. Students must have completed

  17. Connect Postings to Move Applicants to Pool Position April 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsymbal, Evgeny Y.

    Connect Postings to Move Applicants to Pool Position April 2013 To move applicants from the posted requisition to the Approved ­ Pool Position requisition requisition at any time, but you must leave the pool position at the state

  18. Reviewing Post-Installation and Annual Reports for Federal ESPC...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Reviewing Post-Installation and Annual Reports for Federal ESPC Projects Reviewing Post-Installation and Annual Reports for Federal ESPC Projects The purpose of this document is to...

  19. New Membrane Technology for Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Begins...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    New Membrane Technology for Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Begins Pilot-Scale Test New Membrane Technology for Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Begins Pilot-Scale Test January 26,...

  20. Modeling Dynamics of Post Disaster Recovery 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nejat, Ali

    2012-10-19

    : Civil Engineering MODELING DYNAMICS OF POST DISASTER RECOVERY A Dissertation by ALI NEJAT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR... OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, Ivan Damnjanovic Committee Members, Stuart D. Anderson Kenneth F. Reinschmidt Sergiy Butenko Arnold Vedlitz Head of Department, John Niedzwecki August 2011 Major Subject: Civil Engineering...

  1. OCTOBER 2015 POSTINGS | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics AndBeryllium Disease | Department of0DOEDepartmentDepartmentEnergyOCTOBER 2015 POSTINGS

  2. Postings Archives-2009 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics AndBeryllium Disease | DepartmentOLEDEnergy Political Activity atPost-Combustion

  3. Radio Observations of Masers in Post-AGB Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. M. Deacon; A. J. Green; J. M. Chapman

    2003-10-02

    We present observations of 86 post-Asymptotic Giant Branch (post-AGB) stars of OH maser transitions, taken with the Parkes Telescope between September 2002 and August 2003. Post-AGB stars are the precursors of planetary nebulae, which have a wide range of morphologies that are not well explained. By studying the circumstellar envelopes of post-AGB stars through the masers produced in them, we hope to shed light on the origin of planetary nebula morphologies.

  4. Faculty Competition for PostDoctoral Fellows 2014 Recipients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    with Probiotics and Grape Skin Extract #12;Faculty Competition for PostDoctoral Fellows 2013 Recipients MAY Robert

  5. Microfabricated Silicone Elastomeric Post Arrays for Measuring Traction Forces of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Christopher S.

    CHAPTER 13 Microfabricated Silicone Elastomeric Post Arrays for Measuring Traction Forces developed a device consisting of an array of flexible, microfabricated posts capable of measuring these forces under an adherent cell. Functionalizing the top of each post with ECM protein allows cells

  6. Evaluation of Station Post Porcelain Insulators with Room Temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaluation of Station Post Porcelain Insulators with Room Temperature Vulcanized (RTV) Silicone to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12;Evaluation of Station Post Porcelain Insulators with Room and analysis of porcelain post insulators that were coated with a room temperature vulcanized (RTV) silicone

  7. Post-Combustion CO2 Capture 11 -13 July 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post-Combustion CO2 Capture Workshop 11 - 13 July 2010 Tufts European Center Talloires, France Institute | | Clean Air Task Force | | Asia Clean Energy Innovation Initiative | #12;Post-Combustion CO2 Capture Workshop 11 - 13 July 2010 Talloires, France PROCEEDINGS: Post-Combustion CO2 Capture Workshop

  8. Post-Emergence Behavior of Hatchling Western Pond Turtles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Daniel K.

    Behavior of Hatchling Western Pond Turtles Final Report August 2010 Daniel K. Rosenberg Oregon Wildlife............................................................................................................ 29 APPENDIX I. LIFE-CYCLE SUMMARY FOR WESTERN POND TURTLE HATCHLINGS ............ 33 #12;Post-EmergencePost-Emergence Behavior of Hatchling Western Pond Turtles www.oregonwildlife.org #12;2 Post-Emergence

  9. The Post Anachronism: The Temporal Dimension of Facebook Privacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauer, Lujo

    The Post Anachronism: The Temporal Dimension of Facebook Privacy Lujo Bauer , Lorrie Faith Cranor the audience and emphasis of Facebook posts change over time. In a 63-participant longitudinal study, par- ticipants gave their audience and emphasis preferences for up to ten of their Facebook posts in the week

  10. Performance-Based Decision-Making in Post-Earthquake Highway Bridge Repair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordin, Eugene

    2010-01-01

    the Northridge Earthquake. Post Earthquake Highway ResponseLoma Prieta Quake. Post Earthquake Highway Response andand ShakeMap for Lifeline Post-Earthquake Response and

  11. Ex post analysis of economic impacts from wind power development in U.S. counties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Jason P

    2014-01-01

    some time. This workapplies ex post econometric evaluationby analyzing the ex post impacts of past developments usingEstimation We use an ex post econometric approach relying on

  12. Major in Anything and be Pre-Radiation Science at NEBRASKA! Pre-Radiation Science is one of fifteen advising categories in Pre-Health indicating your interest in pursuing coursework to prepare for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Bo

    of technologies, and human cadavers to provide you with an interactive learning experience. You can even applyPRE-HEALTH Major in Anything and be Pre-Radiation Science at NEBRASKA! Pre-Radiation Science is one, business, in the humanities, or even the arts? The options are HERE and the choice is YOURS! Why NEBRASKA

  13. Major in Anything and be Pre-Radiation Science at NEBRASKA! Pre-Radiation Science is one of sixteen advising categories in Pre-Health indicating your interest in pursuing coursework to prepare for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Bo

    of technologies, and human cadavers to provide you with an interactive learning experience. You can even apply PRE-HEALTH Major in Anything and be Pre-Radiation Science at NEBRASKA! Pre-Radiation Science, engineering, business, humanities, or even the arts? The options are HERE and the choice is YOURS! Why

  14. Pre-treating Seed to Enhance Germination of Desert Shrubs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W. K. Ostler; D. C. Anderson; D. J. Hansen

    2002-06-01

    Creosotebush [Larrea tridentata (D.C.) Cav.] and white bursage [Ambrosia dumosa (A. Gray) W.W. Payne] seeds were subjected to pre-treatments of rinsing and soaking in water and thiourea to enhance germination in laboratory experiments. The effects of darkness, temperature, seed source, and soil moisture were also evaluated in the laboratory. The best pre-treatment from the laboratory experiments, rinsing with water for 36 hours followed by drying, was field-tested at Fort Irwin, California. Two sites and two seeding dates (early March and mid April) were determined for each site. Five mulch treatments (no mulch, straw, gravel, chemical stabilizer, and plastic) were evaluated in combination with the seed pre-treatments. Field emergence was greatly enhanced with the seed pre-treatment for white bursage during the March (18-42% increase in germination) and April seedings (16-23% increase in germination). Creosotebush showed poor germination during March (2-5%) when soil temperatures averaged 15 C, but germination increased during the April trials (6-43%) when soil temperatures averaged 23 C. The seed pre-treatment during the April trials increased germination from 16-23%. The plastic mulch treatment increased germination dramatically during both the March and April trials. The plastic mulch increased soil temperatures (8-10 C)and maintained high humidity during germination. Both the chemical stabilizer and the gravel mulches improved germination over the control while the straw mulch decreased germination. These results suggest that seed pre-treatments combined with irrigation and mulch are effective techniques to establish these two dominant Mojave Desert species from seed.

  15. The critical roles of pre-replicative complex (pre-RC) component, Cdc6, in DNA replication and checkpoint response in human cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Eric Kirk

    2008-01-01

    W. ; Pre-RC Proteins & Oncogenesis. FASEB, May 2007. Lau,proteins in tumors & oncogenesis………………13 A. Lau et al. (pre-RC) components in oncogenesis. FASEB J. 2007 Dec;21(14):

  16. System and method for pre-cooling of buildings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Springer, David A.; Rainer, Leo I.

    2011-08-09

    A method for nighttime pre-cooling of a building comprising inputting one or more user settings, lowering the indoor temperature reading of the building during nighttime by operating an outside air ventilation system followed, if necessary, by a vapor compression cooling system. The method provides for nighttime pre-cooling of a building that maintains indoor temperatures within a comfort range based on the user input settings, calculated operational settings, and predictions of indoor and outdoor temperature trends for a future period of time such as the next day.

  17. Post Doctoral and Advanced Study Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAboutXuRod Hunt (208) 386-5254 Washington575 SandColleaguesPost

  18. December 2015 Postings | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And StatisticsProgramof Energy12-98 DOE-STD-1112-98| DepartmentDecember 2015 Postings December

  19. Post 2012 Climate Regime | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC JumpPhono SolarPlexusJump to:Solar Services PvtPost

  20. Post-2011 Phase 2 Public Comments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access|Post-PolymerizationRequirements CURRENT DOE OProgramSeptember

  1. Pre-College Programs Summer Staff Application: 2015 Graduate Head Counselors (GHC) and Pre-College Counselors (PCC) are vital to the success of our programs.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portman, Douglas

    -College Counselors (PCC) are vital to the success of our programs. The pre-college staff is responsible

  2. Post-mitotic role of nucleostemin as a promoter of skeletal muscle cell differentiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirai, Hiroyuki; Romanova, Liudmila; Kellner, Steven; Verma, Mayank; Rayner, Samuel; Asakura, Atsushi; Kikyo, Nobuaki

    2010-01-01

    Nucleostemin (NS) is a nucleolar protein abundantly expressed in a variety of proliferating cells and undifferentiated cells. Its known functions include cell cycle regulation and the control of pre-rRNA processing. It also has been proposed that NS has an additional role in undifferentiated cells due to its downregulation during stem cell differentiation and its upregulation during tissue regeneration. Here, however, we demonstrate that skeletal muscle cell differentiation has a unique expression profile of NS in that it is continuously expressed during differentiation. NS was expressed at similar levels in non-proliferating muscle stem cells (satellite cells), rapidly proliferating precursor cells (myoblasts) and post-mitotic terminally differentiated cells (myotubes and myofibers). The sustained expression of NS during terminal differentiation is necessary to support increased protein synthesis during this process. Downregulation of NS inhibited differentiation of myoblasts to myotubes, accompanied by striking downregulation of key myogenic transcription factors, such as myogenin and MyoD. In contrast, upregulation of NS inhibited proliferation and promoted muscle differentiation in a p53-dependent manner. Our findings provide evidence that NS has an unexpected role in post-mitotic terminal differentiation. Importantly, these findings also indicate that, contrary to suggestions in the literature, the expression of NS cannot always be used as a reliable indicator for undifferentiated cells or proliferating cells.

  3. Gomez's Hamburger (IRAS 18059-3211): A pre main-sequence A-type star

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Bujarrabal; K. Young; D. Fong

    2008-04-28

    We study the nature of Gomez's Hamburger (IRAS 18059-3211), a nebula that has been proposed to be a post-AGB object. Such a classification is not confirmed; instead, we argue that it will be a key object in the study of disks rotating around young stars. We present high resolution SMA maps of CO J=2--1 in Gomez's Hamburger. The data are analyzed by means of a code that simulates the emission of a nebula showing a variety of physical conditions and kinematics. Our observations clearly show that the CO emitting gas in Gomez's Hamburger forms a spectacular disk in keplerian rotation. Model calculations undoubtly confirm this result. The central (mainly stellar) mass is found to be high, ~ 4 Mo for a distance of 500 pc. The mass and (relatively low) luminosity of the source are, independent of the assumed distance, very different from those possible in evolved stars. Gomez's Hamburger is probably a transitional object between the pre-MS and MS phases, still showing interstellar material around the central star or stellar system.

  4. R Coronae Borealis Stars are Viable Factories of Pre-solar Grains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karakas, Amanda I; Hampel, Melanie

    2015-01-01

    We present a new theoretical estimate for the birthrate of R Coronae Borealis (RCB) stars that is in agreement with recent observational data. We find the current Galactic birthrate of RCB stars to be $\\approx$ 25% of the Galactic rate of Type Ia supernovae, assuming that RCB stars are formed through the merger of carbon-oxygen and helium-rich white dwarfs. Our new RCB birthrate ($1.8 \\times 10^{-3}$ yr$^{-1}$) is a factor of 10 lower than previous theoretical estimates. This results in roughly 180--540 RCB stars in the Galaxy, depending on the RCB lifetime. From the theoretical and observational estimates, we calculate the total dust production from RCB stars and compare this rate to dust production from novae and born-again asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars. We find that the amount of dust produced by RCB stars is comparable to the amounts produced by novae or born-again post-AGB stars, indicating that these merger objects are a viable source of carbonaceous pre-solar grains in the Galaxy. There are graph...

  5. Pre-Disaster Mitigation Plan Montana State University -Bozeman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    ) - Bozeman PDM Plan identifies the potential hazards that the campus faces and assesses the vulnerability Projects Database and FCI Reports as they relate to life safety issues #12;Pre-Disaster Mitigation Plan-structural mitigation practices. Install seismic shut-off valves on buildings with natural gas. Develop plans

  6. The pre-Lie operad as a deformation of NAP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saidi, Abdellatif

    2010-01-01

    We define a family of multigraded operads $O_\\lambda$ depending on a scalar parameter, such that forgetting the multigraduation gives back the pre-Lie operad when the parameter $\\lambda$ is equal to one, and the NAP operad governing Non-Associative Permutative algebras when $\\lambda$ is equal to zero.

  7. From Antiquity to the Pre-Industrial World Archaeology, Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantlon, Jessica F.

    and interdepartmental · Integrates archaeology,architecture,classics,art history,history of technology,and engineeringFrom Antiquity to the Pre-Industrial World Archaeology, Technology and Historical Structures of History, Chair,History Joan Saab, Associate Professor of Art and Art History, Chair, Art and Art History

  8. PreHeat: Controlling Home Heating Using Occupancy Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krumm, John

    with a static program over an average 61 days per house, alternating days between these conditions time that the house was occupied but not warm). In US homes, PreHeat decreased MissTime by a factor goal for saving money and reducing our ecological footprint. Although programmable thermostats provide

  9. Analysis of Pre-Retrofit Building and Utility Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prahl, D.; Beach, R.

    2014-12-01

    IBACOS analyzed pre-retrofit daily utility data to sort homes by energy consumption, allowing for better targeting of homes for physical audits. Following ASHRAE Guideline 14 normalization procedures, electricity consumption of 1,166 all electric production-built homes was modeled. The homes were in two communities—one built in the 1970s and the other in the mid-2000s.

  10. Analysis of Pre-Retrofit Building and Utility Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prahl, D.; Beach, R.

    2014-12-01

    IBACOS analyzed pre-retrofit daily utility data to sort homes by energy consumption, allowing for better targeting of homes for physical audits. Following ASHRAE Guideline 14 normalization procedures, electricity consumption of 1,166 all electric production-built homes' was modeled. The homes were in two communities -- one built in the 1970s and the other in the mid-2000s.

  11. FIRE Plasma Facing Components Pre-Conceptual Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. #12FIRE Plasma Facing Components Pre-Conceptual Design Michael Ulrickson Presented at Fusion Summer rate required for He removal ­ Fusion burn rate 1 x 1020/s (200 MW) ­ He fraction in the divertor 0

  12. Covered Product Category: Pre-Rinse Spray Valves

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including pre-rinse spray valves, which are a FEMP-designated product category. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

  13. Final report for the Pre-Freshman Enrichment Program (PREP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This project reflected cooperation across the disciplines in the physical sciences, engineering, mathematics and computer science. The University of the Pacific served as the center for this pre-college program. The idea was to use this link as a pilot program.

  14. Pre-PrintIn-Press June 25 20071

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naugle, Dave

    and Montana have experienced rapid, widespread20 changes to their habitat due to recent coal-bed natural gas39 Keywords: agriculture, Centrocercus urophasianus, coal-bed natural gas, coal-bed methane,40 energy in vegetation structure and composition associated with disturbance (Trombulak and Frissell51 #12;Pre

  15. CHEMISTRY, B.S. CHEMISTRY PRE-DENTAL (CHPD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburger, Peter

    CHEMISTRY, B.S. CHEMISTRY PRE-DENTAL (CHPD) (Fall 2015-Summer 2016) IPFW Residency Requirements in Gen Ed CHEMISTRY BS COURSES & SUPPORTING COURSES (81 credits) *Note: 2.0 CHM GPA required/2.0 CHM GPA in 300+ courses *The Bachelor of Science with a major in chemistry program is appropriate for premedical

  16. CHEMISTRY, B. S. CHEMISTRY PRE-MEDICINE (CHPM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburger, Peter

    CHEMISTRY, B. S. CHEMISTRY PRE-MEDICINE (CHPM) (Fall 2015-Summer 2016) IPFW Residency Requirements in Gen Ed CHEMISTRY BS COURSES & SUPPORTING COURSES (85 credits) *Note: 2.0 CHM GPA required/2.0 CHM GPA in 300+ courses *The Bachelor of Science with a major in chemistry program is appropriate for premedical

  17. The design of a pre-collector for cyclone collectors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mihalski, Karl Duane

    1996-01-01

    Tests were conducted on small laboratory scale ID-3D and 2D-2D cyclones to demonstrate the reduction in emission concentrations resulting when a pre-cyclone collector is used to collect large trash particles prior to cyclone fine dust collection...

  18. Health Career Preparation Pre-Health Careers Checklist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    Health Career Preparation Pre-Health Careers Checklist The College of Continuing Education and the Health Careers Center have created a helpful checklist on how to explore and get started completing prerequisites for a health-related degree program (i.e. medical school, nursing, etc.). We recommend that you

  19. pre or co-requisite Geology Course Prerequisite Chart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thaxton, Christopher S.

    pre or co-requisite Geology Course Prerequisite Chart 1101, 1102, 1103,1104, 1105 2250 3160 2500 hours geology junior standing; six hours geology depends on course senior standing, permission hours geology six hours geology Evolution of the Earth Geophysics Physical Geology , Historical Geology

  20. Signal optimization at isolated intersections using pre-signals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palekar, Trishul Ajit

    2006-10-30

    This research proposes a new signal operation strategy aimed at efficient utilization of green time by cutting down on the start up and response loss times. The idea is to have a "pre-signal" on each main approach a few ...

  1. Heavy ion collisions and the pre-equilibrium exciton model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Betak, E.

    2012-10-20

    We present a feasible way to apply the pre-equilibrium exciton model in its masterequation formulation to heavy-ion induced reactions including spin variables. Emission of nucleons, {gamma}'s and also light clusters is included in our model.

  2. Health and Pre-Professional Health care is currently Canada's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Health and Pre-Professional Health care is currently Canada's second-largest service industry. In addition to traditional health-related roles (e.g., physician, nurse, dentist, pharmacist), a wealth of new health care careers are opening as a result of recent scientific, medical and technological advances

  3. Post-treatment control of HIV infection

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Conway, Jessica M.; Perelson, Alan S.

    2015-04-13

    Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV is not a cure. However, recent studies suggest that ART, initiated early during primary infection, may induce post-treatment control (PTC) of HIV infection with HIV RNA maintained at more »cells, virus, and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). Analysis of our model reveals a range in CTL response strengths where a patient may show either VR or PTC, depending on the size of the latent reservoir at treatment termination. Below this range, patients will always rebound, whereas above this range, patients are predicted to behave like elite controllers. As a result, using data on latent reservoir sizes in patients treated during primary infection, we also predict population-level VR times for non-controllers consistent with observations.« less

  4. CHP at Post Street in Downtown Seattle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gent, Stan

    2012-04-12

    The Post Street project had four (4), 7.960 MW, Solar Taurus-70-10801S natural gas combustion turbines. Each turbine equipped with a 40,000 lb/hr heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). The dual-fuel HRSGs was capable of generating steam using gas turbine exhaust heat or surplus electric power. The generation capacity was nominally rated at 29.2 MW. The project as proposed had a fuel rate chargeable to power of 4,900 - 5,880 Btu/kWh dependent on time of year. The CHP plant, when operating at 29.2 MW, can recycle turbine exhaust into supply 145 kpph of steam to SSC per hour. The actual SSC steam loads will vary based on weather, building occupation, plus additions / reductions of customer load served. SSC produces up to 80 kpph of steam from a biomass boiler, which is currently base loaded all year.

  5. Post pulse shutter for laser amplifier

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bradley, Laird P. [Livermore, CA; Carder, Bruce M. [Antioch, CA; Gagnon, William L. [Berkeley, CA

    1981-03-17

    Apparatus and method for quickly closing off the return path for an amplified laser pulse at the output of an amplifier so as to prevent damage to amplifiers and other optical components appearing earlier in the chain by the return of an amplified pulse. The apparatus consists of a fast retropulse or post pulse shutter to suppress target reflection and/or beam return. This is accomplished by either quickly placing a solid across the light transmitting aperture of a component in the chain, such as a spatial filter pinhole, or generating and directing a plasma with sufficiently high density across the aperture, so as to, in effect, close the aperture to the returning amplified energy pulse.

  6. Post pulse shutter for laser amplifier

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bradley, L.P.; Carder, B.M.; Gagnon, W.L.

    1981-03-17

    Disclosed are an apparatus and method for quickly closing off the return path for an amplified laser pulse at the output of an amplifier so as to prevent damage to amplifiers and other optical components appearing earlier in the chain by the return of an amplified pulse. The apparatus consists of a fast retropulse or post pulse shutter to suppress target reflection and/or beam return. This is accomplished by either quickly placing a solid across the light transmitting aperture of a component in the chain, such as a spatial filter pinhole, or generating and directing a plasma with sufficiently high density across the aperture, so as to, in effect, close the aperture to the returning amplified energy pulse. 13 figs.

  7. Post Canonical System: Examples First The definition follows some examples.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stansifer, Ryan

    : N Nx Nx | Ny +y = y x +y = z x | +y = z | A Post system for Hoftstadter's MU puzzle: MI xI xIU Mx is equivalent to all the others. #12;Post System: Tally Notation Two productions: N Nx Nx | This Post system, and z, and the signs {N,|,+,=}. N Nx Nx | Ny +y = y x +y = z x | +y = z | The last two rules reflect

  8. Roadmapping Engine Technology for Post-2020 Heavy Duty Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Discusses Detroit Diesel collaborative multi-year technology program which includes systematic experimental and analytical assessment of enabling technologies for post-2020 NAFTA line haul trucks

  9. Post-Shred Materials Recovery Technology Development and Demonstration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Shred Materials Recovery Technology Development and Demonstration Post-Shred Materials Recovery Technology Development and Demonstration 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle...

  10. Graduate & Post-doctoral Programs | Neutron Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Graduate & Post-doctoral Programs SHARE Facilitating Education of Future Neutron Users ORNL's neutron science education programs promote strong partnerships between neutron...

  11. Enter the Post-Doc: The Untapped Sourcing Pipeline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boscow, Ryan B.

    2011-07-30

    This article addresses the potential formulation and utilization of an industry-based Post-Doc program in order to create workforce candidate pipelines with targeted universities.

  12. Linton Brooks Assumes Post as Deputy Administrator for NNSA Defense...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Administrator for NNSA Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Office Press Release Oct 30, 2001 Linton Brooks Assumes Post as Deputy Administrator for NNSA Defense Nuclear...

  13. Application Submittal Guidance for Stormwater Permits andPost...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: Application Submittal Guidance for Stormwater Permits and Post-Authorization...

  14. Post Competition Accountability Report: Second Quarter, FY 2013

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Post Competition Accountability Quarterly Report: High Performing Organization Proposal 2012Fiscal Years (FY) 2012–2016: Reporting Period: Second Quarter, FY 2013

  15. Post Competition Accountability Report: Third Quarter, FY 2013

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Post Competition Accountability Quarterly Report: High Performing Organization Proposal 2012Fiscal Years (FY) 2012–2016: Reporting Period: Third Quarter, FY 2013

  16. Subject: BPA Post-2011 Energy Efficiency Review Update #5 - ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    242014 Subject: BPA Post-2011 Energy Efficiency Review Update 5 - Information for Upcoming Workgroups and Meetings Dear CustomerStakeholder, Thank you to those who have been...

  17. Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    please let BPA know in your submitted comments. I. Overview and Timeline The "Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review" (Review) is a public process to review and consider improvements...

  18. Nuclear Safety Workshop Agenda - Post Fukushima Initiatives and...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Agenda Post Fukushima Initiatives and Results In response to the March 2011 accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, Secretary Chu initiated a series of actions to...

  19. Roadmapping Engine Technology for Post-2020 Heavy Duty Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicles Roadmapping Engine Technology for Post-2020 Heavy Duty Vehicles Discusses Detroit Diesel collaborative multi-year technology program which includes systematic...

  20. Cutaneous fusariosis developing in a post-irradiation site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    developing in a post-irradiation site WeiWei Dai DO 1 ,irradiated site. Irradiation led to atrophy, contraction,radiotherapy. Following irradiation, which had eradicated

  1. Parameterized post-Newtonian limit of Horndeski's gravity theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel Hohmann

    2015-08-20

    We present a recent result on the parameterized post-Newtonian (PPN) limit of Horndeski's gravity theory and its consistency with solar system observations.

  2. Pre-Oxidized and Nitrided Stainless Steel Foil for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Bipolar Plates: Part 2- Single-Cell Fuel Cell Evaluation of Stamped Plates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toops, Todd J [ORNL; Brady, Michael P [ORNL; Tortorelli, Peter F [ORNL; Pihl, Josh A [ORNL; EstevezGenCell, Francisco [GenCell Corp; Connors, Dan [GenCell Corp; Garzon, Fernando [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Rockward, Tommy [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Gervasio, Don [Arizona State University; Kosaraju, S.H. [Arizona State University

    2010-01-01

    Thermal (gas) nitridation of stainless steel alloys can yield low interfacial contact resistance (ICR), electrically conductive and corrosion-resistant nitride containing surface layers (Cr{sub 2}N, CrN, TiN, V{sub 2}N, VN, etc.) of interest for fuel cells, batteries, and sensors. This paper presents results of proton exchange membrane (PEM) single-cell fuel cell studies of stamped and pre-oxidized/nitrided developmental Fe-20Cr-4V weight percent (wt.%) and commercial type 2205 stainless steel alloy foils. The single-cell fuel cell behavior of the stamped and pre-oxidized/nitrided material was compared to as-stamped (no surface treatment) 904L, 2205, and Fe-20Cr-4V stainless steel alloy foils and machined graphite of similar flow field design. The best fuel cell behavior among the alloys was exhibited by the pre-oxidized/nitrided Fe-20Cr-4V, which exhibited {approx}5-20% better peak power output than untreated Fe-20Cr-4V, 2205, and 904L metal stampings. Durability was assessed for pre-oxidized/nitrided Fe-20Cr-4V, 904L metal, and graphite plates by 1000+ h of cyclic single-cell fuel cell testing. All three materials showed good durability with no significant degradation in cell power output. Post-test analysis indicated no metal ion contamination of the membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) occurred with the pre-oxidized and nitrided Fe-20Cr-4V or graphite plates, and only a minor amount of contamination with the 904L plates.

  3. Is Post Selection Physical: A Device Independent Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anubhav Chaturvedi; Tushant Jha; Indranil Chakrabarty

    2015-04-17

    The basic motivation behind this work is to raise the question that whether post selection can be considered a valid physical transformation (on probability space) or not. We study the consequences of both answers set in a device (theory) independent framework, based only on observed statistics. We start with taking up post-selection as an assumption and model the same using independent devices governed by Boolean functions. We establish analogy between the post selection functions and the general probabilistic games in a two party binary input-output scenario. As an observation, we categorize all possible post-selection functions based on the effect on a uniform input probability distribution. We find that post-selection can transform simple no signaling probability distributions to signaling. Similarly, solving NP complete problems is easy independent of classical or quantum computation (in particular we prove that Post RP = NP). Finally, we demonstrate an instance of the violation of the pigeon hole principle independent of underlying theory. As result of our theory independent modeling we conclude that post-selection as an assumption adds power to the underlying theory. In particular, quantum mechanics benefits more with the post-selection assumption, only because it admits a more general set of allowed probabilities as compared to the local hidden variable model. Without the assumption we associate a device independent efficiency factor to quantify the cost of post selection. Our study shows that in the real world post-selection is not efficient enough to be of any advantage. But from an adversarial perspective it is still of significance. As an application, we obtain robust bounds on faking the bell violation in terms of minimum efficiency required using post selection.

  4. Manufacturing Pre-Solicitation Transcript | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecial Report Management Challenges atEnergyPerspectivePre-Solicitation

  5. Pre-explosion companion stars in Type Iax supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Zheng-Wei; Abate, Carlo; Wang, Bo

    2015-01-01

    Type Iax supernovae (SNe Iax) are proposed as one new sub-class of SNe Ia since they present sufficiently distinct observational properties from the bulk of SNe Ia. SNe Iax are the most common of all types of peculiar SNe by both number and rate, with an estimated rate of occurrence of about 5-30% of the total SN Ia rate. However, the progenitor systems of SNe Iax are still uncertain. Analyzing pre-explosion images at SN Iax positions provides a direct way to place strong constraints on the nature of progenitor systems of SNe Iax. In this work, we predict pre-explosion properties of binary companion stars in a variety of potential progenitor systems by performing detailed binary evolution calculations with the one-dimensional stellar evolution code STARS. This will be helpful for constraining progenitor systems of SNe Iax from their pre-explosion observations. With our binary evolution calculations, it is found that the non-degenerate helium (He) companion star to both a massive C/O WD (> 1.1 solar mass) and ...

  6. Post-doc positions Mathematics and Computer Science in Lyon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maume-Deschamps, Véronique

    Post-doc positions Mathematics and Computer Science in Lyon (labex MILYON) MILYON (the Laboratoire d'Excellence « Mathématiques et Informatique à Lyon ») offers 4 post-doctoral positions Lyon), or at the Institut Camille Jordan (Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1). These are research

  7. Categorizing Blogger's Interests Based on Short Snippets of Blog Posts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Categorizing Blogger's Interests Based on Short Snippets of Blog Posts Jiahui Liu, Larry Birnbaum.edu, {birnbaum, pardo}@cs.northwestern.edu ABSTRACT Blogs have become an important medium for people to express their blog posts. Experiments were conducted on a list of bloggers collected from blog directories

  8. Post-Training Support for Learning Technology Sam Snoddy, Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novick, David G.

    Post-Training Support for Learning Technology Sam Snoddy, Jr. Cloudcroft Schools P.O. Box 198 the effects of post-training support, we studied the introduction of new gradebook software in a public high school. The school's 108 faculty members received training on the software, and approximately half

  9. An Observational Study of Post-Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    helium-normal or helium-rich photospheres. 2. the detection and measurement of s-process element-AGB stars. We detected helium enrichment in the post-AGB stars Hen3-1428 and LSS4331. We did not detect any such as that seen in the extreme helium stars (EHes). High-resolution ´echelle spectra of several post-AGB stars

  10. List of Attendees at the Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstation and Pre-Solicitation Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This list of attendees represents those that attended the Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstation and Pre-Solicitation Meeting pre-solicitation meeting in Detroit, Michigan, on March 19, 2003.

  11. DOE Makes Available $8 Million for Pre-Conceptual Design of Next...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Makes Available 8 Million for Pre-Conceptual Design of Next Generation Nuclear Plants DOE Makes Available 8 Million for Pre-Conceptual Design of Next Generation Nuclear Plants...

  12. CATALYTIC LIQUEFACTION BY ZINC CHLORIDE MELTS AT PRE-PYROLYSIS TEMPERATURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermeulen, T.

    2012-01-01

    CHLORIDE MELTS AT PRE-PYROLYSIS TEMPERATURE T. Vermeulen, C.CHLORIDE MELTS AT PRE-PYROLYSIS TEMPERATURE T. Vermeulen, C.rather than by thermal pyrolysis which requires appreciably

  13. DOE Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop - Breakout Group 4: Low...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    & Publications DOE Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop - Breakout Group 3: HIGH TEMP (SOFC) SYSTEM AND BOP DOE Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop - Breakout Group 5: Long-Term...

  14. Pre-Colombian Mercury Pollution Associated with the Smelting of Argentiferous Ores in the Bolivian Andes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Alexander P.

    long histo- ries predating the industrial revolution, raising the possi- bility that pre-industrial activities generated large-scale Hg emissions. Pre-industrial emissions of heavy metals associated

  15. Pilot Testing of WRI'S Novel Mercury Control Technology by Pre-Combustion Thermal Treatment of Coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alan Bland; Jesse Newcomer; Kumar Sellakumar

    2008-08-17

    The challenges to the coal-fired power industry continue to focus on the emission control technologies, such as mercury, and plant efficiency improvements. An alternate approach to post-combustion control of mercury, while improving plant efficiency deals with Western Research Institute's (WRI)'s patented pre-combustion mercury removal and coal upgrading technology. WRI was awarded under the DOE's Phase III Mercury program, to evaluate the effectiveness of WRI's novel thermal pretreatment process to achieve >50% mercury removal, and at costs of <$30,000/lb of Hg removed. WRI has teamed with Etaa Energy, Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC), Foster Wheeler North America Corp. (FWNA), and Washington Division of URS (WD-URS), and with project co-sponsors including Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Southern Company, Basin Electric Power Cooperative (BEPC), Montana-Dakota Utilities (MDU), North Dakota Industrial Commission (NDIC), Detroit Edison (DTE), and SaskPower to undertake this evaluation. The technical objectives of the project were structured in two phases: Phase I--coal selection and characterization, and bench-and PDU-scale WRI process testing and; and Phase II--pilot-scale pc combustion testing, design of an integrated boiler commercial configuration, its impacts on the boiler performance and the economics of the technology related to market applications. This report covers the results of the Phase I testing. The conclusion of the Phase I testing was that the WRI process is a technically viable technology for (1) removing essentially all of the moisture from low rank coals, thereby raising the heating value of the coal by about 30% for subbituminous coals and up to 40% for lignite coals, and (2) for removing volatile trace mercury species (up to 89%) from the coal prior to combustion. The results established that the process meets the goals of DOE of removing <50% of the mercury from the coals by pre-combustion methods. As such, further testing, demonstration and economic analysis as described in the Phase II effort is warranted and should be pursued.

  16. Request for Proposals for Final Energy Service Company Selection from Pre-Qualified Pool Documents

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Information and documents about the Request for Proposals to select an Energy Service Company from a pre-qualified pool.

  17. Pre-Stressed Viscoelastic Composites: Effective Incremental Moduli and Band-Gap Tuning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parnell, William J. [School of Mathematics, Alan Turing Building, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom)

    2010-09-30

    We study viscoelastic wave propagation along pre-stressed nonlinear elastic composite bars. In the pre-stressed state we derive explicit forms for the effective incremental storage and loss moduli with dependence on the pre-stress. We also derive a dispersion relation for the effective wavenumber in the case of arbitrary frequency, hence permitting a study of viscoelastic band-gap tuning via pre-stress.

  18. Pre-construction Activities for Phase 1 of Shu'luuk Wind Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Connolly, Michael

    2015-07-01

    Final Report on pre-construction activities grant for the Shu'luuk Wind project on the Campo Indian Reservation

  19. Field Testing of Pre-Production Prototype Residential Heat Pump Water Heaters

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides and overview of field testing of 18 pre-production prototype residential heat pump water heaters

  20. Post-Newtonian reference-ellipsoid for relativistic geodesy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergei Kopeikin; Wenbiao Han; Elena Mazurova

    2015-10-12

    We apply general relativity to construct the post-Newtonian background manifold that serves as a reference level surface in relativistic geodesy for conducting calculation of geoid's undulation. We chose the perfect homogeneous fluid uniformly rotating around a fixed axis as a source of the background manifold. We, then, reformulate and extend rotating-fluid calculations done by a number of previous researchers for astrophysical applications to the realm of relativistic geodesy to find out the algebraic equation of the post-Newtonian reference-ellipsoid. We explicitly perform all integrals characterizing gravitational potentials inside the fluid body and represent them in terms of elementary functions depending on the body's eccentricity. We fully explore the coordinate freedom of the equations describing the post-Newtonian ellipsoid and demonstrate that the fractional deviation of the post-Newtonian level surface from the Maclaurin ellipsoid can be made much smaller than the previously anticipated estimate advocated by Bardeen and Chandrasekhar. We also derive the relations of the post-Newtonian mass and angular velocity of the rotating fluid to the parameters of the post-Newtonian ellipsoid. We find out the gauge-invariant expressions for the post-Newtonian mass and angular momentum of the rotating fluid body as well as the gauge-invariant post-Newtonian formulations of the canonical Pizzetti and Clairaut theorems that are used in geodesy to connect the parameters of the reference ellipsoid to the force of gravity at its pole and on equator. Finally, we expand the post-Newtonian geodetic equations characterizing the post-Newtonian ellipsoid into the Taylor series with respect to the eccentricity of the ellipsoid and discuss them with regard to future practical applications by the International Earth Rotation Service (IERS) and the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG).

  1. BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM WET OXIDSED CORN STOVER USING PRE-TREATED MANURE AS A NUTRIENT SOURCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and oxygen addition) were also applied for pre-treatment of manure. The manure was blended with water for the production of bioethanol. This pre-treatment method, similar to other hot water pre-treatments, acts, Roskilde, Denmark ABSTRACT: In the present study ethanol was produced from wet oxidised corn stover

  2. SOFTWARE ENGINEERING Page 1 of 4 SEMESTER OFFERED COURSE PRE-and/or CO-REQUISITES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOFTWARE ENGINEERING Page 1 of 4 1st Year SEMESTER OFFERED COURSE PRE- and/or CO-REQUISITES FALL 1-req: AMAT 219 2nd Year Software Engineering: Regular Program SEMESTER OFFERED COURSE PRE- and/or CO Software Engineering - Biomedical Specialization SEMESTER OFFERED COURSE PRE- and/or CO-REQUISITES FALL 1

  3. The Hopf algebra of Fliess operators and its dual pre-Lie Loc Foissy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Hopf algebra of Fliess operators and its dual pre-Lie algebra Loïc Foissy Laboratoire de.foissy@univ-reims.fr ABSTRACT. We study the Hopf algebra H of Fliess operators coming from Control Theory in the one space R x0, x1 is both a pre-Lie algebra for the pre-Lie product dual of the coproduct of H

  4. AdAlyze Redux: Post-Click and Post-Conversion Text Feature Attribution for Sponsored Search Ads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    AdAlyze Redux: Post-Click and Post-Conversion Text Feature Attribution for Sponsored Search Ads In this paper, we present our ongoing research on an ads quality testing tool that we call AdAlyze Redux of textual ads features, tailored to exactly the ads in an advertiser's set of accounts. This lets them

  5. Analysis of RHIC beam dump pre-fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, W.; Ahrens, L.; Fischer, W.; Hahn, H.; Mi, J.; Sandberg, J.; Tan, Y.

    2011-03-28

    It has been speculated that the beam may cause instability of the RHIC Beam Abort Kickers. In this study, we explore the available data of past beam operations, the device history of key modulator components, and the radiation patterns to examine the correlations. The RHIC beam abort kicker system was designed and built in the 90's. Over last decade, we have made many improvements to bring the RHIC beam abort kicker system to a stable operational state. However, the challenge continues. We present the analysis of the pre-fire, an unrequested discharge of kicker, issues which relates to the RHIC machine safety and operational stability.

  6. ARM - Evaluation Product - SACR2 pre-CGA Ingested Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments? WeDatastreamstps DocumentationAtlanticENA ContactsProductsSACR2 pre-CGA Ingested Data ARM Data Discovery

  7. Pre-Combustion Carbon Capture Research | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document w1.½tank | PrincetonPre-Combustion Carbon

  8. Post World War II missions emerge for Y-12

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access|Post-PolymerizationRequirements CURRENT DOE OProgram PostPost

  9. Determination of post-DNB and post-BT fuel design limits. [PWR; BWR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Croucher, D.W.; Loyd, R.J.

    1980-01-01

    Categories of light water reactor transients and the departure from nucleate boiling (DNB) and boiling transition (BT) fuel design limits in light water reactors are reviewed. These fuel design limits for reactor licensing may be overly conservative because experiments have shown that fuel rods do not fail and may not experience damage as a result of momentary operation in film boiling or dryout conditions. Damage to the fuel rod is strongly dependent on the peak cladding temperature and the length of time at that temperature durng the transient. Testing of two potential licensing fuel design limits is suggested: (a) fuel rod functional capabilities are retained and fuel system dimensions remain within operational telerances; and (b) cladding deformation is permitted, but no significant oxidation is allowed. Damage mechanisms which may affect post-DNB or post-BT operation of fuel rods are permanent rod bowing and pellet-cladding interaction. The data necessary to support a fuel design limit and a means of obtaining these data are outlined.

  10. Double Auctions, Ex-Post Participation Constraints, and the Hold-Up Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Troger, Thomas

    2002-01-01

    Double Auctions, Ex-Post Participation Constraints, and theFirstly, we demonstrate how ex-post negotiations via doubleSecondly, we show that ex-post participation constraints

  11. Re-Branding Post 1945 Paris: Exhibiting Powers and Contemporary Art

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiso, Elisabeth

    2010-01-01

    Press, 1983. Re-Branding Post 1945 Paris Le Grand Palais.Re-Branding Post 1945 Paris: Exhibiting Powers andas the ultimate ‘brand. ’ Post- World War II Paris however,

  12. Mengerian Saleableness and Commodity Money in a Walrasian Trading Post Example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2008-01-01

    Money in a Walrasian Trading Post Example Ross M. Starr ?commodity-pairwise trading posts and transac- tion costs,C62, E40 Keywords: trading post, transaction cost, commodity

  13. Technology recommendations for pre-screening of IAEA swipe samples

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steeb, Jennifer L. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Smith, Nicholas A. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Lee, Denise L. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Huckabay, Heath A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Ticknor, Brian W. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Argonne and Oak Ridge National Laboratories have prepared an analysis of recommended, possible, and not recommended technologies for pre-screening and prioritizing IAEA swipes. The analytical techniques listed under the recommended technology list are the most promising techniques available to date. The recommended list is divided into two sections: Argonne’s recommended techniques and Oak Ridge’s recommended techniques. This list was divided based upon the expertise of staff in each subject area and/or the instrumentation available at each laboratory. The following section, titled Possible Techniques, is a list of analytical techniques that could be used for pre-screening and prioritizing swipes if additional instrumentation and effort were provided. These techniques are not necessarily top priority, but should not be discounted for future or expanded efforts. Lastly, a list of not recommended techniques is provided to outline the analytical methods and instrumentation that were investigated by each lab but deemed not suitable for this task. In addition to the recommendation list, a short procedure is provided outlining the steps followed for destructive analysis by the Network of Analytical Laboratories (NWAL) for determination of uranium concentrations, isotopic content of sample and swipe. Swipes generated for this project will be given to ORNL’s NWAL laboratory for analysis after analysis by other techniques at both laboratories.

  14. RAMGEN ROTOR CARTRIDGE FOR THE PRE-PROTOTYPE RAMGEN ENGINE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aaron Koopman

    2003-09-01

    The research and development of a unique combustion engine is presented. The engine converts the thrust from ramjet modules located on the rim of a disk into shaft torque, which in turn can be used for electrical power generation or mechanical drive applications. A test program was undertaken that included evaluation of the pre-prototype engine and incorporation of improvements to the thrust modules and supporting systems. Fuel mixing studies with vortex generators and bluff body flame holders demonstrated the importance of increasing the shear-layer area and spreading angle to augment flame volume. Evaluation of flame-holding configurations (with variable fuel injection methods) concluded that the heat release zone, and therefore combustion efficiency, could be manipulated by judicious selection of bluff body geometry, and is less influenced by fuel injection distribution. Finally, successful operation of novel fuel and cooling air delivery systems have resolved issues of gas (fuel and air) delivery to the individual rotor segments. The lessons learned from the pre-prototype engine are currently being applied to the development of a 2.8MW engine.

  15. Post-transcriptional coordination by an RNA-binding protein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Joshua Jaeger

    2010-01-01

    RNA-binding proteins can regulate the stability, localization, and translation of their target mRNAs. Post-transcriptional regulation can orchestrate dynamic changes in gene expression, and can coordinate multiple cellular ...

  16. Envisioning Parking Strategies for the Post-Automobile City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Circella, Giovanni

    2010-01-01

    Press. potential integration of parking policies into moreTeMA SP.09 Researches The Role of Parking in a Framework forrights reserved Envisioning Parking Strategies for the Post-

  17. Born powerful? Post-Liberation Politics in Eritrea and Zimbabwe 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorman, Sara Rich

    2004-06-17

    The paper is a comparative analysis of post-liberation politics in Zimbabwe and Eritrea. It proposes that insufficient attention has been paid to the impact of negotiated transitions and inherited state forms in analysing ...

  18. FY 2013 Summary Report: Post-Irradiation Examination of Zircaloy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    FY13SumRprtPostIrradiationExaminatZircaloy4Samples.pdf More Documents & Publications Neutron Irradiation of Hydrided Cladding Material in HFIR Summary of Initial Activities FY14...

  19. Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FINAL: January 7, 2014 1 Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process Approach NOTE TO READER: The September 16 th version of the scoping document has been...

  20. Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FINALDRAFT: January 7December 6, 2013, 2014 1 Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process Approach NOTE TO READER: The September 16 th version of the scoping...

  1. THE INVO PROCESS FOR INVENTORS POST-DISCLOSURE/PROVISIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ottino, Julio M.

    THE INVO PROCESS FOR INVENTORS POST-DISCLOSURE/PROVISIONAL · Within 2-3 days of your disclosure INVO invo@northwestern.edu (847) 467-2097 As an inventor, an invention disclosure is just the beginning

  2. Post-Formative Ceramics in the Eastern Grat Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forsyth, Donald W

    1986-01-01

    Great Salt Lake Fremont Ceramics. In: The Levee Site and the1986). Post-Formative Ceramics in the Eastern Great Basin: A1977 Prehistoric Ceramics of the Fremont. Museiun of

  3. Vacancy Announcements Posted for Hydrogen Production and Delivery Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Fuel Cell Technologies Office has posted two vacancy announcements for a position to serve as Program Manager for the Hydrogen Production and Delivery Program in the DOE EERE Fuel Cell Technologies Office. The closing date is October 28, 2014.

  4. Washington Post, Sept. 15, 2005 Communication Challenges After the Hurricane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peha, Jon M.

    Washington Post, Sept. 15, 2005 Communication Challenges After the Hurricane Jon M. Peha Many survivors of Hurricane Katrina who tried to call for rescue or medical assistance found that their cell

  5. Petra Nova Project Breaks Ground on World's Largest Post-Combustion...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Petra Nova Project Breaks Ground on World's Largest Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Project Petra Nova Project Breaks Ground on World's Largest Post-Combustion Carbon Capture...

  6. A model of material removal and post process surface topography for copper CMP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Seungchoun; Doyle, Fiona M.; Dornfeld, David

    2011-01-01

    post process surface topography for copper CMP Seungchounis due to the uneven surface topography generated during theand the post CMP topography. Two synergistic mechanisms were

  7. Career Services at Virginia Tech | Post-Graduation Report FIRST DESTINATION, post-undergraduate degree: CONTINUING EDUCATION or EMPLOYED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -undergraduate degree: CONTINUING EDUCATION or EMPLOYED a.k.a. "firm plans" Source: PostGraduation Report by Career: 1/14/2015 Total BOTH: continuing education + employed percentages | a.k.a. "firm plans" 2013

  8. Pre- and post-synchronization methodologies to enhance the efficiency of fixed timed artificial insemination in pharmacologically-controlled breeding systems with Bos indicus-influenced cattle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuluaga Velez, Juan Federico

    2007-04-25

    follicle at TAI, and 4) Compare serum concentrations of progesterone in ovariectomized cows bearing new or previously used CIDR devices with or without autoclaving. 6 CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW The Estrous Cycle The...

  9. An analysis of selected pre- and post-admission variables as they relate to the retention of new freshmen at a large, research, public university 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Kriss Hope

    2004-09-30

    Texas A&M University changed the criteria for freshman admission after a legal decision in 1996 removed ethnicity from the list of possible admission criteria. The process now includes subjective criteria such as activities, leadership, service...

  10. “I Don’t Want to Grow Old and Weak Like You!”: Conceptions of Idealized Masculinity in Pre- and Post-Revolutionary Iranian Cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ale-Ebrahim, Benjamin

    2015-10-01

    dynamics in a predominantly gender-segregated country like Iran. While most literature on the subject of gender in Iranian cinema focuses on women, little has been written explicitly about men and masculinity. This paper will attempt to close some...

  11. Multiple Pre/Post Specifications for HeapManipulating Methods WeiNgan Chin 1,2 Cristina David 1 Huu Hai Nguyen 2 Shengchao Qin 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Wei Ngan

    in the head of the predicate, and define a non­empty circular list, as follows: clist#n# # #p · root of inductive shape predicate and separating con­ junction. For example, a list segment of length n can

  12. Grapefruit-drug interaction: isolation, synthesis, and biological activities of furocoumarins and their variation due to pre- and post-harvest factors. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girennavar, Basavaraj

    2009-05-15

    The health maintaining properties of citrus consumption are attributed to the wide assortment of bioactive compounds. Consumption of grapefruit along with certain medications, however, is posing a risk of drug toxicity and side reactions. The first...

  13. Validation of chemical and non-chemical antimicrobial interventions applied pre- and post-chilling to reduce microbial populations in broiler carcasses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molina, Veronica Alejandra

    2009-05-15

    chemical rinses such as chlorine/chlorine dioxide, ozonated or electrolyzed water, tri-sodium phosphate, acidified calcium sulfate, and organic acid rinses with or without surfactants. Significant bacterial attachment and accumulation occurs during...

  14. The influence of temperatures and mechanical treatments on pre- and post-emergence growth of plum seedlings and the role of seed coats in germination inhibition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipe, W. N

    1962-01-01

    =-Prunue~' ? '- To overcome the contamination observed by Alsalih and othex's, aseptic methods . of embx'yo culture described by Cilmoxe f15) were used, Cilmore found phenol to be an effe'ctive agent for sterilisation of pits. A 'solution of 150 ml of phenol in three...' liters of water was found to be satisfactory. Pits wexe soaked in this solution fox, five minutes. before, cracking. To sterilise: seeds, . Gilmore found merthiolate in alcohol to'be superior 'to ". . all other chemicals tried. A solution of 1:RGOO...

  15. MRI T2 RELAXATION TIME EVALUATION OF WRIST CARTILAGE WITH SCAPHOLUNATE LIGAMENT INJURY IN THE PRE-OPERATIVE AND POST-OPERATIVE STATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sturgeon, Dannica Leigh

    2011-04-27

    (GAG) concentration in cartilage by observing the amount of contrast agent uptake over a period of time in the cartilage and calculating the T1 relaxation time (6). Article submitted to the Journal of Orthopaedic Research 34 T2-weighted MRI has... been extensively used in clinical setting to characterize alterations of tissue in injury or diseases because T2 is sensitive to the alterations of biophysical and biochemical environment of water molecules in tissue. Compared to other MRI...

  16. Constraining primordial magnetic fields with distortions of the black-body spectrum of the cosmic microwave background: pre- and post-decoupling contributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kunze, Kerstin E. [Departamento de Física Fundamental and IUFFyM, Universidad de Salamanca, Plaza de la Merced s/n, 37008 Salamanca (Spain); Komatsu, Eiichiro, E-mail: kkunze@usal.es, E-mail: komatsu@mpa-garching.mpg.de [Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild Str. 1, 85741 Garching (Germany)

    2014-01-01

    Primordial magnetic fields that exist before the photon-baryon decoupling epoch are damped on length scales below the photon diffusion and free-streaming scales. The energy injected into the plasma by dissipation of magnetosonic and Alfv and apos;en waves heats photons, creating a y-type distortion of the black-body spectrum of the cosmic microwave background. This y-type distortion is converted into a ?-type distortion when elastic Compton scattering is efficient. Therefore, we can use observational limits on y- and ?-type distortions to constrain properties of magnetic fields in the early universe. Assuming a Gaussian, random, and non-helical field, we calculate ? and y as a function of the present-day strength of the field, B{sub 0}, smoothed over a certain Gaussian width, k{sub c}{sup ?1}, as well as of the spectral index of the power spectrum of fields, n{sub B}, defined by P{sub B}(k)?k{sup n{sub B}}. For a nearly scale-invariant spectrum with n{sub B} = ?2.9 and a Gaussian smoothing width of k{sub c}{sup ?1} = 1Mpc, the existing COBE/FIRAS limit on ? yields B{sub 0} < 40 nG, whereas the projected PIXIE limit on ? would yield B{sub 0} < 0.8 nG. For non-scale-invariant spectra, constraints can be stronger. For example, for B{sub 0} = 1 nG with k{sub c}{sup ?1} = 1Mpc, the COBE/FIRAS limit on ? excludes a wide range of spectral indices given by n{sub B} > ?2.6. After decoupling, energy dissipation is due to ambipolar diffusion and decaying MHD turbulence, creating a y-type distortion. The distortion is completely dominated by decaying MHD turbulence, and is of order y ? 10{sup ?7} for a few nG field smoothed over the damping scale at the decoupling epoch, k{sub d,} {sub dec} ? 290(B{sub 0}/1nG){sup ?1}Mpc{sup ?1}. The projected PIXIE limit on y would exclude B{sub 0} > 1.0 and 0.6 nG for n{sub B} = ?2.9 and -2.3, respectively, and B{sub 0} > 0.6 nG for n{sub B} ? 2. Finally, we find that the current limits on the optical depth to Thomson scattering restrict the predicted y-type distortion to be y?<10{sup ?8}.

  17. Post Waterflood CO2 Miscible Flood in Light Oil, Fluvial-Dominated Deltaic Reservoir (Pre-Work and Project Proposal - Appendix)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bou-Mikael, Sami

    2002-02-05

    The main objective of the Port Neches Project was to determine the feasibility and producibility of CO2 miscible flooding techniques enhanced with horizontal drilling applied to a Fluvial Dominated Deltaic reservoir. The second was to disseminate the knowledge gained through established Technology Transfer mechanisms to support DOE's programmatic objectives of increasing domestic oil production and reducing abandonment of oil fields.

  18. Post Waterflood CO2 Miscible Flood in Light Oil, Fluvial-Dominated Deltaic Reservoir (Pre-Work and Project Proposal), Class I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bou-Mikael, Sami

    2002-02-05

    This project outlines a proposal to improve the recovery of light oil from waterflooded fluvial dominated deltaic (FDD) reservoir through a miscible carbon dioxide (CO2) flood. The site is the Port Neches Field in Orange County, Texas. The field is well explored and well exploited. The project area is 270 acres within the Port Neches Field.

  19. Page 1Classroom Visit Pre/Post Materials1 C L A S S R O O M V I S I T

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    have about magnets and magnetism. Once the misconceptions are identified, have students design a way to discover the types of materials that magnets attract. The students can prepare a chart listing the objects magnets and magnetism. There are no right or wrong answers. Keep the chart accessible so that you

  20. Optically Visible Post-AGB Stars, Post-RGB Stars and Young Stellar Objects in the Large Magellanic Cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamath, Devika; Van Winckel, Hans

    2015-01-01

    We have carried out a search for optically visible post-Asymptotic Giant Branch (post-AGB) stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). First, we selected candidates with a mid-IR excess and then obtained their optical spectra. We disentangled contaminants with unique spectra such as M-stars, C-stars, planetary nebulae, quasi-stellar objects and background galaxies. Subsequently, we performed a detailed spectroscopic analysis of the remaining candidates to estimate their stellar parameters such as effective temperature, surface gravity (log g), metallicity ([Fe/H]), reddening and their luminosities. This resulted in a sample of 35 likely post-AGB candidates with late-G to late-A spectral types, low log g, and [Fe/H] < -0.5. Furthermore, our study confirmed the existence of the dusty post-Red Giant Branch (post-RGB) stars, discovered previously in our SMC survey, by revealing 119 such objects in the LMC. These objects have mid-IR excesses and stellar parameters (Teff, log g, [Fe/H]) similar to those of post-A...

  1. Pre-Tiger Team Self-Assessment report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    The Sandia National Laboratories Pre-Tiger Team Self-Assessment Report contains an introduction that describes the three sites in Albuquerque, New Mexico, Kauai, Hawaii, and Tonopah, Nevada, and the activities associated therewith. The self-assessment was performed October 1990 through December 1990. The paper discusses key findings and root causes associated with problem areas; environmental protection assessment with respect to the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act and the Superfund amendments, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act; and other regulatory documents; safety and health assessment with respect to organization administration, quality assurance, maintenance, training, emergency preparedness, nuclear criticality safety, security/safety interface, transportation, radiation protection, occupational safety, and associated regulations; and management practices assessment. 5 figs. (MHB)

  2. Pre-conceptual Design Assessment of DEMO Remote Maintenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loving, A; Sykes, N; Iglesias, D; Coleman, M; Thomas, J; Harman, J; Fischer, U; Sanz, J; Siuko, M; Mittwollen, M; others,

    2013-01-01

    EDFA, as part of the Power Plant Physics and Technology programme, has been working on the pre-conceptual design of a Demonstration Power Plant (DEMO). As part of this programme, a review of the remote maintenance strategy considered maintenance solutions compatible with expected environmental conditions, whilst showing potential for meeting the plant availability targets. A key finding was that, for practical purposes, the expected radiation levels prohibit the use of complex remote handling operations to replace the first wall. In 2012/13, these remote maintenance activities were further extended, providing an insight into the requirements, constraints and challenges. In particular, the assessment of blanket and divertor maintenance, in light of the expected radiation conditions and availability, has elaborated the need for a very different approach from that of ITER. This activity has produced some very informative virtual reality simulations of the blanket segments and pipe removal that are exceptionally ...

  3. Hydraulic External Pre-Isolator System for LIGO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wen, S; Mason, K; Giaime, J; Abbott, R; Kern, J; O'Reilly, B; Bork, R; Hammond, M; Hardham, C; Lantz, B; Hua, W; Coyne, D; Traylor, G; Overmier, H; Evans, T; Hanson, J; Spjeld, O; Macinnis, M; Mailand, K; Sellers, D; Carter, K; Sarin, P

    2013-01-01

    The Hydraulic External Pre-Isolator (HEPI) is the first 6 degrees of freedom active seismic isolation system implemented at the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO). Implementation was first completed at the LIGO Livingston Observatory (LLO) prior to LIGO's 5th science run, successfully cutting down the disturbance seen by LLO's suspended optics in the two most prominent seismic disturbance bands, the microseism (0.1-0.3Hz) and the anthropogenic (1-3Hz) bands, by a factor of a few to tens. The improvement in seismic isolation contributed directly to LLO's much improved duty cycle of 66.7% and LIGO's triple coincident duty cycle of 53%. We report the design, control scheme, and isolation performance of HEPI at LLO in this paper. Aided with this success, funding for incorporating HEPI into the LIGO Hanford Observatory was approved and installation is currently underway.

  4. Pre-mixing apparatus for a turbine engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lacy, Benjamin Paul (Greer, SC); Varatharajan, Balachandar (Cincinnati, OH); Ziminsky, Willy Steve (Simpsonville, SC); Kraemer, Gilbert Otto (Greer, SC); Yilmaz, Ertan (Albany, NY); Melton, Patrick Benedict (Horse Shoe, NC); Zuo, Baifang (Simpsonville, SC); Stevenson, Christian Xavier (Inman, SC); Felling, David Kenton (Greenville, SC); Uhm, Jong Ho (Simpsonville, SC)

    2012-04-03

    A pre-mixing apparatus for a turbine engine includes a main body having an inlet portion, an outlet portion and an exterior wall that collectively establish at least one fluid delivery plenum, and a plurality of fluid delivery tubes extending through at least a portion of the at least one fluid delivery plenum. Each of the plurality of fluid delivery tubes includes at least one fluid delivery opening fluidly connected to the at least one fluid delivery plenum. With this arrangement, a first fluid is selectively delivered to the at least one fluid delivery plenum, passed through the at least one fluid delivery opening and mixed with a second fluid flowing through the plurality of fluid delivery tubes prior to being combusted in a combustion chamber of a turbine engine.

  5. Pre-conceptual design study of ASTRID core

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Varaine, F.; Marsault, P.; Chenaud, M. S.; Bernardin, B.; Conti, A.; Sciora, P.; Venard, C.; Fontaine, B.; Devictor, N.; Martin, L.; Scholer, A. C.; Verrier, D.

    2012-07-01

    In the framework of the ASTRID project at CEA, core design studies are performed at CEA with the AREVA and EDF support. At the stage of the project, pre-conceptual design studies are conducted in accordance with GEN IV reactors criteria, in particularly for safety improvements. An improved safety for a sodium cooled reactor requires revisiting many aspects of the design and is a rather lengthy process in current design approach. Two types of cores are under evaluation, one classical derived from the SFR V2B and one more challenging called CFV (low void effect core) with a large gain on the sodium void effect. The SFR V2b core have the following specifications: a very low burn-up reactivity swing (due to a small cycle reactivity loss) and a reduced sodium void effect with regard to past designs such as the EFR (around 2$ minus). Its performances are an average burn-up of 100 GWd/t, and an internal conversion ratio equal to one given a very good behavior of this core during a control rod withdrawal transient). The CFV with its specific design offers a negative sodium void worth while maintaining core performances. In accordance of ASTRID needs for demonstration those cores are 1500 MWth power (600 MWe). This paper will focus on the CFV pre-conceptual design of the core and S/A, and the performances in terms of safety will be evaluated on different transient scenario like ULOF, in order to assess its intrinsic behavior compared to a more classical design like V2B core. The gap in term of margin to a severe accident due to a loss of flow initiator underlines the potential capability of this type of core to enhance prevention of severe accident in accordance to safety demonstration. (authors)

  6. Purchasing Water-Efficient Faucets, Pre-Rinse Spray Valves, Showerhead...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Products & Technologies Energy-Efficient Products Purchasing Water-Efficient Faucets, Pre-Rinse Spray Valves, Showerheads, Toilets, and Urinals Purchasing Water-Efficient...

  7. Smart Teaching and Learning Strategies in Pre-writing Activities in Bahasa Melayu (Malay Language)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baba, Suria; Aziz, Zahara Abdul

    2009-01-01

    Collaborative monitoring on smart school teaching andSmart Teaching and Learning Strategies in Pre-writingqualitative case study of four smart schools’ teachers using

  8. Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project Pre-Solicitation Meeting: Questions and Answers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Questions and answers from the pre-solicitation meeting for the Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project held March 19, 2003, in Southfield, Michigan.

  9. DOE Seeks Public Input on an Integrated, Interagency Pre-Application...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Integrated, Interagency Pre-Application Process for Transmission Authorizations August 29, 2013 - 9:09am Addthis A Request for Information (RFI) seeking public input for a draft...

  10. A Simple/Short Introduction to Pre-Big-Bang Physics/Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Veneziano

    1998-03-02

    A simple, non-technical introduction to the pre-big bang scenario is given, emphasizing physical motivations, considerations, and consequences over formalism.

  11. Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project Pre-Solicitation Meeting: Supporting Information

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Supporting information and objectives for the pre-solicitation meeting for the Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project held March 19, 2003 in Southfield, Michigan.

  12. Alternative pre-mRNA splicing switches modulate gene expression in late erythropoiesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Miki L.

    2009-01-01

    Alternative Pre-mRNA Splicing Switches Modulate GeneErythroid Stage-Specific Alternative Splicing Number ofin promoter use and alternative splicing that have important

  13. Global Warming Politics in a Post-Environmental World 1 Global Warming Politics in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global Warming Politics in a Post-Environmental World 1 Global Warming Politics in a Post Warming Politics in a Post-Environmental World 3 Global Warming Politics in a Post-Environmental World Worry About Global Warming.. 14 Everybody Loses on Fuel Efficiency

  14. An Extreme High-Velocity Bipolar Outflow in the Pre-Planetary Nebula IRAS 08005-2356

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahai, R

    2015-01-01

    We report interferometric mapping of the bipolar pre-planetary nebula IRAS 08005-2356 with an angular-resolution of ~1"-5", using the Submillimeter Array (SMA), in the 12CO J=2-1, 3-2, 13CO J=2-1 and SiO J=5-4 (v=0) lines. Single-dish observations, using the SMT 10-m, were made in these lines as well as in the CO J=4-3 and SiO J-6-5 (v=0) lines. The lines profiles are very broad, showing the presence of a massive (>0.1 Msun), extreme high-velocity outflow (V~200 km/s) directed along the nebular symmetry axis derived from the HST imaging of this object. The outflow's scalar momentum far exceeds that available from radiation pressure of the central post-AGB star, and it may be launched from an accretion disk around a main-sequence companion. We provide indirect evidence for such a disk from its previously published, broad H-alpha emission profile, which we propose results from Ly-beta emission generated in the disk followed by Raman-scattering in the innermost regions of a fast, neutral wind.

  15. The pre-merger impact velocity of the binary cluster A1750 from X-ray, lensing, and hydrodynamical simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molnar, Sandor M. [Leung Center for Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Chiu, I-Non Tim [Department of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich (Germany); Broadhurst, Tom [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain); Stadel, Joachim G., E-mail: sandor@phys.ntu.edu.tw [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich (Switzerland)

    2013-12-10

    Since the discovery of the 'Bullet Cluster', several similar cases have been uncovered that suggest relative velocities well beyond the tail of high speed collisions predicted by the concordance ?CDM model. However, quantifying such post-merger events with hydrodynamical models requires a wide coverage of possible initial conditions. Here, we show that it is simpler to interpret pre-merger cases, such as A1750, where the gas between the colliding clusters is modestly affected, so that the initial conditions are clear. We analyze publicly available Chandra data confirming a significant increase in the projected X-ray temperature between the two cluster centers in A1750 consistent with our expectations for a merging cluster. We model this system with a self-consistent hydrodynamical simulation of dark matter and gas using the FLASH code. Our simulations reproduce well the X-ray data and the measured redshift difference between the two clusters in the phase before the first core passage viewed at an intermediate projection angle. The deprojected initial relative velocity derived using our model is 1460 km s{sup –1}, which is considerably higher than the predicted mean impact velocity for simulated massive haloes derived by recent ?CDM cosmological simulations, but is within the allowed range. Our simulations demonstrate that such systems can be identified using a multi-wavelength approach and numerical simulations, for which the statistical distribution of relative impact velocities may provide a definitive examination of a broad range of dark matter scenarios.

  16. NaIrO3—A Pentavalent Post-perovskite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M Bremholm; S Dutton; P Stephens; R Cava

    2011-12-31

    Sodium iridium (V) oxide, NaIrO{sub 3}, was synthesized by a high pressure solid state method and recovered to ambient conditions. It is found to be isostructural with CaIrO{sub 3}, the much-studied structural analog of the high-pressure post-perovskite phase of MgSiO{sub 3}. Among the oxide post-perovskites, NaIrO{sub 3} is the first example with a pentavalent cation. The structure consists of layers of corner- and edge-sharing IrO{sub 6} octahedra separated by layers of NaO{sub 8} bicapped trigonal prisms. NaIrO{sub 3} shows no magnetic ordering and resistivity measurements show non-metallic behavior. The crystal structure, electrical and magnetic properties are discussed and compared to known post-perovskites and pentavalent perovskite metal oxides.

  17. A Comparative Analysis of Residential Energy Use for 2009 IECC Code Compliance and 2001 IECC Compliance with 2006 NAECA Appliance Standards for Selected Climate Zones in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Liu, Z.; Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

    2010-01-01

    Amendments house. The models were prepared for a house with electric heat-pump heating and domestic hot water (DHW) and a house with natural gas heating and DHW. Table 1 provides a list of input parameters for the base-case simulation models...

  18. Rate of Post-Hurricane Barrier Island Recovery 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammond, Brianna

    2015-06-03

    that is reinforced if there is a sufficient recovery period. This study examines the resiliency of Assateague Island National Seashore, MD through its ability to return to its pre-storm condition following a hurricane. The primary hypothesis of this study...

  19. Energy savings from indirect evaporative pre-cooling: Control strategies and commissioning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Felts, D.; Jump, D.A.

    1998-07-01

    Package rooftop air conditioning units (RTU) with evaporative pre-cooling systems were installed at an Agricultural History Museum and conference center in the northern Sacramento Valley in California, a hot and dry summer climate region. The evaporative pre-coolers serve to extend the economizer range of the RTU's. A commissioning team monitored the performance of the RTU evaporative pre-coolers. The purpose of the monitoring was to determine if changes were warranted to optimize the system's energy efficiency. The commissioning process revealed that the RTU evaporative pre-coolers were being controlled by the economizer control cycle. With this control cycle, the evaporative pre-cooler operates when the outdoor air temperature is falling below the space return air temperature. This means that the pre-cooler will never operate at peak load conditions. The conference center is an assembly occupancy. Building codes require significant levels of outdoor air for ventilation. The evaporative pre-cooler system provides the means to significantly offset the energy requirements for cooling down and heating up this ventilation air. A DOE2 energy simulation analysis indicated that the evaporative pre-cooler could cut energy use by over 50% if it were working correctly. Investigation concludes that in buildings with high outdoor air requirements, evaporative pre-cooling, using building exhaust air as the indirect evaporative cooling source, significantly reduce building energy consumption. This evaporative pre-cooling technology works in any climate, regardless of outdoor conditions, since the return air stream exhausted from the building provides a relatively constant temperature and humidity source for evaporative cooling. An added benefit is that the evaporative pre-cooler heat exchanger recovers heat from the exhausted air stream in cold weather.

  20. RCRA post-closure permits. RCRA Information Brief

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coalgate, J.

    1993-02-01

    The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) requires that hazardous waste management facilities operate in accordance with permits granted by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or a State authorized to carry out the RCRA Subtitle C program. Several categories of permits, including treatment,storage, and disposal permits; research, development and demonstration permits; post-closure permits; emergency permits; permits-by-rule; and trial burn and land treatment demonstration permits are issued under the RCRA Subtitle C program. This Information Brief focuses on post-closure permitting requirements under 40 CFR 270.1(c).

  1. Pre-Amplifier Module for Laser Inertial Confinement Fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heebner, J E; Bowers, M W

    2008-02-06

    The Pre-Amplifier Modules (PAMs) are the heart of the National Ignition Facility (NIF), providing most of the energy gain for the most energetic laser in the world. Upon completion, NIF will be the only laboratory in which scientists can examine the fusion processes that occur inside stars, supernovae, and exploding nuclear weapons and that may someday serve as a virtually inexhaustible energy source for electricity. Consider that in a fusion power plant 50 cups of water could provide the energy comparable to 2 tons of coal. Of paramount importance for achieving laser-driven fusion ignition with the least energy input is the synchronous and symmetric compression of the target fuel--a condition known as laser power balance. NIF's 48 PAMs thus must provide energy gain in an exquisitely stable and consistent manner. While building one module that meets performance requirements is challenging enough, our design has already enabled the construction and fielding of 48 PAMs that are stable, uniform, and interchangeable. PAM systems are being tested at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics, and the Atomic Weapons Enterprise of Great Britain has purchased the PAM power system.

  2. Radon induced background processes in the KATRIN pre-spectrometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fränkle, F M; Drexlin, G; Glück, F; Görhardt, S; Käfer, W; Mertens, S; Wandkowsky, N; Wolf, J

    2011-01-01

    The KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment is a next generation, model independent, large scale tritium beta-decay experiment to determine the effective electron anti-neutrino mass by investigating the kinematics of tritium beta-decay with a sensitivity of 200 meV/c2 using the MAC-E filter technique. In order to reach this sensitivity, a low background level of 0.01 counts per second (cps) is required. This paper describes how the decay of radon in a MAC-E filter generates background events, based on measurements performed at the KATRIN pre-spectrometer test setup. Radon (Rn) atoms, which emanate from materials inside the vacuum region of the KATRIN spectrometers, are able to penetrate deep into the magnetic flux tube so that the alpha-decay of Rn contributes to the background. Of particular importance are electrons emitted in processes accompanying the Rn alpha-decay, such as shake-off, internal conversion of excited levels in the Rn daughter atoms and Auger electrons. While low-energy electrons (<...

  3. Pre-release plastic packaging of MEMS and IMEMS devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peterson, Kenneth A. (Albuquerque, NM); Conley, William R. (Tijeras, NM)

    2002-01-01

    A method is disclosed for pre-release plastic packaging of MEMS and IMEMS devices. The method can include encapsulating the MEMS device in a transfer molded plastic package. Next, a perforation can be made in the package to provide access to the MEMS elements. The non-ablative material removal process can include wet etching, dry etching, mechanical machining, water jet cutting, and ultrasonic machining, or any combination thereof. Finally, the MEMS elements can be released by using either a wet etching or dry plasma etching process. The MEMS elements can be protected with a parylene protective coating. After releasing the MEMS elements, an anti-stiction coating can be applied. The perforating step can be applied to both sides of the device or package. A cover lid can be attached to the face of the package after releasing any MEMS elements. The cover lid can include a window for providing optical access. The method can be applied to any plastic packaged microelectronic device that requires access to the environment, including chemical, pressure, or temperature-sensitive microsensors; CCD chips, photocells, laser diodes, VCSEL's, and UV-EPROMS. The present method places the high-risk packaging steps ahead of the release of the fragile portions of the device. It also provides protection for the die in shipment between the molding house and the house that will release the MEMS elements and subsequently treat the surfaces.

  4. AGC-1 Pre-Irradiation Data Report Status

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William Windes

    2011-08-01

    The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Graphite R&D program is currently measuring irradiated material property changes in several grades of nuclear graphite for predicting their behavior and operating performance within the core of new Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) designs. The Advanced Graphite Creep (AGC) experiment consisting of six irradiation capsules will generate this irradiated graphite performance data for NGNP reactor operating conditions. All samples in the experiment will be fully characterized before irradiation, irradiated in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), and then re-examined to determine the irradiation induced changes to key materials properties in the different graphite grades. The information generated during the AGC experiment will be utilized for NRC licensing of NGNP reactor designs, shared with international collaborators in the Generation IV Information Forum (GIF), and eventually utilized in ASME design code for graphite nuclear applications. This status report will describe the process the NGNP Graphite R&D program has developed to record the AGC1 pre-irradiation examination data.

  5. Pre-Health Professions Alex Gambero, Taylor Brinkman, Marshall Wallace, Program Directors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    1 Pre-Health Professions Alex Gambero, Taylor Brinkman, Marshall Wallace, Program Directors OVERVIEW The objective of the Pre-Health Professions Living/Learning Community is to foster an environment for this such as the requirements, pathway, and explanation of the profession. Secondly, returning members will present

  6. ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Page 1 of 7 Pre-and/or Co-Requisites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Page 1 of 7 1st Year Pre- and/or Co-Requisites FALL 1 AMAT 217 Calculus 259 Electricity and Magnetism AMAT 217; MATH 211 2nd Year Electrical Engineering: Regular Program Pre #12;ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Page 2 of 7 2nd Year (continued) Electrical Engineering: Energy

  7. ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Page 1 of 7 SEMESTER OFFERED COURSE PRE-and/or CO-REQUISITES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Page 1 of 7 1st YEAR SEMESTER OFFERED COURSE PRE- and/or CO-REQUISITES FALLnd Year Electrical Engineering: Regular Program SEMESTER OFFERED COURSE PRE- and/or CO ENEL 300 Electrical and Computer Engineering Professional Skills ENGG 225; ENGG 233; and ENEL 353 Note

  8. Contributed article Fractional Fourier transform pre-processing for neural networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barshan, Billur

    Contributed article Fractional Fourier transform pre-processing for neural networks and its This study investigates fractional Fourier transform pre-processing of input signals to neural networks. Judicious choice of this parameter can lead to overall improvement of the neural network performance

  9. Gaussian packet pre--stack depth migration the Marmousi data Karel Zacek*, Department Geophysics, Faculty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Gaussian packet pre--stack depth migration the Marmousi data Karel Zacek*, Department Geophysics--stack depth migration. method on Marmousi data (Versteeg & 1991). advantage over methods Gaussian beams. Thus, Gaussian packet pre--stack depth migration is especially suitable target--oriented imaging

  10. OIL and GAS ENGINEERING Page 1 of 2 Pre-and/or Co-Requisites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OIL and GAS ENGINEERING Page 1 of 2 1st Year Pre- and/or Co-Requisites FALL 1 AMAT 217 Calculus 259 Electricity and Magnetism AMAT 217; MATH 211 2nd Year Oil and Gas Engineering: Regular Program Pre 12 ENGG 317 Mechanics of Solids ENGG 202 or 205; AMAT 217 3rd Year Oil and Gas Engineering: Regular

  11. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Page 1 of 7 Pre-and/or Co-Requisites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Page 1 of 7 1st YEAR Pre- and/or Co-Requisites FALL 1 AMAT 217 Calculus 202 or 205; AMAT 217 9 ENCH 315 Chemical Engineering Process Calculations Pre-req or co-req: ENGG 311 ENGG 317 Mechanics of Solids ENGG 202 or 205; AMAT 217 10 ENCH 315 Chemical Engineering Process

  12. SOFTWARE ENGINEERING Page 1 of 4 Pre-and/or Co-Requisites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOFTWARE ENGINEERING Page 1 of 4 1st Year Pre- and/or Co-Requisites FALL 1 AMAT 217 Calculus 259 Electricity and Magnetism AMAT 217; MATH 211 2nd Year Software Engineering: Regular Program Pre 301 9 SENG 403 Team Software Development SENG 301 10 SENG 471 Software Requirements Engineering SENG

  13. Virtual Secure Circuit: Porting Dual-Rail Pre-charge Technique into Software on Multicore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Virtual Secure Circuit: Porting Dual-Rail Pre-charge Technique into Software on Multicore Zhimin}@vt.edu Abstract. This paper discusses a novel direction for multicore crypto- graphic software, namely the use on the princi- ple of dual-rail pre-charge, but which can be completely implemented in software. The resulting

  14. Dry low NOx combustion system with pre-mixed direct-injection secondary fuel nozzle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zuo, Baifang; Johnson, Thomas; Ziminsky, Willy; Khan, Abdul

    2013-12-17

    A combustion system includes a first combustion chamber and a second combustion chamber. The second combustion chamber is positioned downstream of the first combustion chamber. The combustion system also includes a pre-mixed, direct-injection secondary fuel nozzle. The pre-mixed, direct-injection secondary fuel nozzle extends through the first combustion chamber into the second combustion chamber.

  15. Post-doctoral Fellow Soil and Water Conservation Position specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , especially the assessment of the impact of soil conservation and water harvesting interventions. - DesignPost-doctoral Fellow Soil and Water Conservation Position specification Internationally Recruited Position (PDF Level) Director, Integrated Water and Land Management Program (IWLMP) Reports to: 20 October

  16. Michigan Technological University Post Hire Equal Employment Opportunity Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless Voluntary Post Offer Self-Disclosure of Veteran Status Michigan Technological University is a Government for Veterans Act of 2002, 38 U.S.C. 4212 (VEVRAA), which requires Government contractors to take affirmative

  17. Research Positions Post-Doctoral Positions in Sheet Metal Forming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bone, Gary

    research encompassing aspects of materials science, solid mechanics, experimental plasticity, constitutive for automotive stamping applications. Two post-doctoral fellowships are available for 2013-2014, with a possible extensions up to 3 years, for researchers with a strong background in experimental solid mechanics

  18. A framework for assessing the political economy of post-2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    A framework for assessing the political economy of post-2012 global climate regime Bettina Centre for Climate Change Research Working Paper 80 #12;A framework for assessing the political economy, Environment, Energy 3: Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences

  19. Capturing Post-Silicon Variations using a Representative Critical Path

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sapatnekar, Sachin

    1 Capturing Post-Silicon Variations using a Representative Critical Path Qunzeng Liu and Sachin S on measurements on a replica of the nominal critical path, whose variations are intended to reflect those of the entire circuit after manufacturing. For realistic circuits, where the number of critical paths can

  20. Post-doc: Uncertainty Quantification of Offshore Wind Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansen, Erik

    Post-doc: Uncertainty Quantification of Offshore Wind Farms Faculty/department Aerospace systems, from small wind turbines to large offshore wind farms, are the focus of research in the Wind research activities there is a focus on large, multimegawatt offshore wind turbines and offshore wind farms

  1. Virtual Reality-based System for Ankle Rehabilitation Post Stroke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Chan-Su

    Virtual Reality-based System for Ankle Rehabilitation Post Stroke R.F. Boian* ­ C.S. Lee* ­ J-platform type robot used in ankle rehabilitation. It can measure displacements and apply forces/torques in six degrees of freedom. Two rehabilitation simulations resembling video games have been developed. One

  2. Posted 3/2/13 Medline Industries Industrial Engineer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    Posted 3/2/13 Medline Industries ­ Industrial Engineer Medline Industries, Inc. has an immediate opening for an Industrial Engineer for our SPT Division located in Waukegan, IL. We are seeking a hard-working, detail-oriented professional with experience in industrial engineering and lean manufacturing within

  3. Sediment fluxes and bufferingin the post-glacial Indus Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clift, Peter

    Sediment fluxes and bufferingin the post-glacial Indus Basin P. D. Clift*, and L. Giosan and compositions of the sediment reaching the ocean since that time. We here present a comprehensive first-order source-to-sink budget spanning the time since the LGM. We show that buffering of sediment

  4. Teaching Programming Languages in a Post-Linnaean Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamurthi, Shriram

    Teaching Programming Languages in a Post-Linnaean Age Shriram Krishnamurthi Brown University sk@cs.brown.edu Abstract Programming language "paradigms" are a moribund and tedious legacy of a bygone age. Modern split in programming language education, and describes a textbook that explores these matters

  5. Prediction of Membrane Proteins in Post-Genomic Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kihara, Daisuke

    by the report that the human genome sequencing project has been completed [1,2]. Beyond the human genome, a surge of world-wide genome projects in the last decade have been producing complete genome sequences1 Prediction of Membrane Proteins in Post-Genomic Era Daisuke Kihara1* & Minoru Kanehisa2 1) Donald

  6. Post-Receptor Adaptation: Lighting Up the Details

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Robert G.

    Post-Receptor Adaptation: Lighting Up the Details The very first rays of the rising sun enrich our ambient light conditions. A number of previous studies have documented light-dependent functional changes evidence that light-dependent changes may originate in excitatory bipolar cells and offers clear

  7. UPMC -DRH Bureau du recrutement Fiche de poste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arleo, Angelo

    action (marchés publics et appels d'offres) · Evaluer les résultats et effets des dispositifs de descriptive du poste Catégorie : A Corps : IGR - Ingénieur de Recherche Nature : recrutement réservé (loi n pédagogiques et de recherche des composantes et des laboratoires, des actions de formation continue. · Conduire

  8. Analysis of PostProcessing for Nonconforming Finite Element Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schieweck, Friedhelm

    Analysis of Post­Processing for Nonconforming Finite Element Solutions F. Schieweck \\Lambda of a conforming finite element function v C h 2 V C h . One ``nice'' feature of our analysis­processing procedure where a conforming approximation is computed from a nonconforming finite element solution

  9. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS POSTING DATE: MARCH 31, 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machel, Hans

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS POSTING DATE: MARCH 31, 2015 POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP IN SPACE PHYSICS and participate in an active research program studying the dynamics of the coupled solar-terrestrial system, with specific focus on ultra-low frequency waves and their role in substorm and radiation belt dynamics

  10. Guiding Principles for U.S. Post-Conflict Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Guiding Principles for U.S. Post-Conflict Policy in Iraq Report of an Independent Working Group for Public Policy. #12;CONTENTS Foreword v Working Group Report 1 Addendum: Oil & Iraq: Opportunities with Iraq. This report takes no position on that overarching question. However, it is difficult to imagine

  11. Linkping University Post Print Vision-Based Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doherty, Patrick

    Linköping University Post Print Vision-Based Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Navigation Using Geo. Original Publication: Gianpaolo Conte and Patrick Doherty, Vision-Based Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Navigation.1155/2009/387308 Research Article Vision-Based Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Navigation Using Geo-Referenced Information Gianpaolo

  12. Post Production Heavy Oil Operations: A Case for Partial Upgrading 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lokhandwala, Taher

    2012-12-05

    The transportation of heavy oil is a pressing problem. Various methods have been devised to mitigate the reluctance to flow of these highly dense and viscous oils. This study is focused on evaluating a case for post-production partial upgrading...

  13. Multivariate Protein Signatures of Pre-Clinical Alzheimer's Disease in the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) Plasma Proteome Dataset

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnstone, Daniel; Milward, Elizabeth A.; Berretta, Regina; Moscato, Pablo

    2012-01-01

    Multivariate Protein Signatures of Pre-Clinical Alzheimer’s= 2.3610 213 ). We applied a multivariate approach based onInitiative (2012) Multivariate Protein Signatures of Pre-

  14. An examination of the pre-design process documentation and the impact on the renovations of three historic theaters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rozmarek, Lesa Andrea

    2008-10-10

    This thesis examines the pre-design documentation from the renovation of three historic theaters located in Detroit, Michigan. Two theaters hired architectural firms to produce a pre-design document. The third theater utilized a design...

  15. GEO 101N General geology Kathleen M. Harper (Pre or co) with any geo course below 130 GEO 101N General geology TBA Pre or co with any geo course below 131

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vonessen, Nikolaus

    W. or GEO 101N General geology Kathleen M. Harper (Pre or co) with any geo course below 130 GEO 101N General geology TBA Pre or co with any geo course below 131 GEO 102N General geology Laboratory TA TBA none GEO 207 Geological Hazards and Disasters Pre - min C in any 100-level geosciences course

  16. Models for the Prediction of Fouling in Crude Oil Pre-Heat Trains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeap, B. L.; Wilson, D. I.; Polley, G. T.

    2002-01-01

    for the Prediction of Fouling in Crude Oil Pre-Heat Trains B.L. Yeap D.I. Wilson G.T. PoUey Dept. of Chern. Engng. Dept. of Chern. Engng. ESDU International Ltd University of Cambridge University of Cambridge Fouling has two significant effects upon pre heat.... Extended fouling can affect the throughput of the train. The impetus behind exchanger cleaning is often the need to maintain throughput rather than save energy. If we are to be able to consider fouling in the design of crude oil pre-heat trains, we...

  17. Influence of mechanical-biological waste pre-treatment methods on the gas formation in landfills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bockreis, A. [Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Darmstadt University of Technology, Institute for Water Supply and Groundwater Protection, Wastewater Technology, Waste Management, Industrial Material Flows and Environmental Planning (Institute WAR), Chair of Waste Management and Waste Technology, Darmstadt (Germany)]. E-mail: a.bockreis@iwar.tu-darmstadt.de; Steinberg, I. [Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Darmstadt University of Technology, Institute for Water Supply and Groundwater Protection, Wastewater Technology, Waste Management, Industrial Material Flows and Environmental Planning (Institute WAR), Chair of Waste Management and Waste Technology, Darmstadt (Germany)

    2005-07-01

    In order to minimise emissions and environmental impacts, only pre-treated waste should be disposed of. For the last six years, a series of continuous experiments has been conducted at the Institute WAR, TU Darmstadt, in order to determine the emissions from pre-treated waste. Different kinds of pre-treated waste were incubated in several reactors and various data, including production and composition of the gas and the leachate, were collected. In this paper, the interim results of gas production and the gas composition from different types of waste after a running time of six years are presented and discussed.

  18. Sub-crop geologic map of pre-Tertiary rocks in the Yucca Flat and northern Frenchman Flat areas, Nevada Test Site, southern Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, J.C.; Harris, A.G.; Wahl, R.R.

    1997-10-02

    This map displays interpreted structural and stratigraphic relations among the Paleozoic and older rocks of the Nevada Test Site region beneath the Miocene volcanic rocks and younger alluvium in the Yucca Flat and northern Frenchman Flat basins. These interpretations are based on a comprehensive examination and review of data for more than 77 drillholes that penetrated part of the pre-Tertiary basement beneath these post-middle Miocene structural basins. Biostratigraphic data from conodont fossils were newly obtained for 31 of these holes, and a thorough review of all prior microfossil paleontologic data is incorporated in the analysis. Subsurface relationships are interpreted in light of a revised regional geologic framework synthesized from detailed geologic mapping in the ranges surrounding Yucca Flat, from comprehensive stratigraphic studies in the region, and from additional detailed field studies on and around the Nevada Test Site. All available data indicate the subsurface geology of Yucca Flat is considerably more complicated than previous interpretations have suggested. The western part of the basin, in particular, is underlain by relics of the eastward-vergent Belted Range thrust system that are folded back toward the west and thrust by local, west-vergent contractional structures of the CP thrust system. Field evidence from the ranges surrounding the north end of Yucca Flat indicate that two significant strike-slip faults track southward beneath the post-middle Miocene basin fill, but their subsurface traces cannot be closely defined from the available evidence. In contrast, the eastern part of the Yucca Flat basin is interpreted to be underlain by a fairly simple north-trending, broad syncline in the pre-Tertiary units. Far fewer data are available for the northern Frenchman Flat basin, but regional analysis indicates the pre-Tertiary structure there should also be relatively simple and not affected by thrusting. This new interpretation has implications for ground water flow through pre-Tertiary rocks beneath the Yucca Flat and northern Frenchman Flat areas, and has consequences for ground water modeling and model validation. Our data indicate that the Mississippian Chainman Shale is not laterally extensive confining unit in the western part of the basin because it is folded back onto itself by the convergent structures of the Belted Range and CP thrust systems. Early and Middle Paleozoic limestone and dolomite are present beneath most of both basins and, regardless of structural complications, are interpreted to form a laterally continuous and extensive carbonate aquifer. Structural culmination that marks the French Peak accommodation zone along the topographic divide between the two basins provides a lateral pathway through highly fractured rock between the volcanic aquifers of Yucca Flat and the regional carbonate aquifer. This pathway may accelerate the migration of ground-water contaminants introduced by underground nuclear testing toward discharge areas beyond the Nevada Test Site boundaries. Predictive three-dimensional models of hydrostratigraphic units and ground-water flow in the pre-Tertiary rocks of subsurface Yucca Flat are likely to be unrealistic due to the extreme structural complexities. The interpretation of hydrologic and geochemical data obtained from monitoring wells will be difficult to extrapolate through the flow system until more is known about the continuity of hydrostratigraphic units. 1 plate

  19. Simulation of the Pre-Thermal Quench Stage of Disruptions During Massive Gas Injection and Projections for ITER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simulation of the Pre-Thermal Quench Stage of Disruptions During Massive Gas Injection and Projections for ITER

  20. Parameterized post-Newtonian formalism for multimetric gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel Hohmann

    2014-06-14

    We discuss the post-Newtonian limit of multimetric gravity theories with $N \\geq 2$ metric tensors and a corresponding number of standard model copies, and construct an extension of the parameterized post-Newtonian (PPN) formalism. This extended formalism allows a characterization of multimetric gravity theories by a set of constant parameters. The multimetric PPN parameters we derive are a superset of the standard PPN parameters, which have been measured using high-precision experiments in the solar system. We apply our formalism to a class of theories which we previously discussed in the context of cosmology and gravitational waves, and which feature an accelerating expansion of the universe. A comparison between our results and the measured PPN parameters shows that multimetric gravity is fully compatible with solar system observations.

  1. Free energy reconstruction from steered dynamics without post-processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel Athènes; Mihai-Cosmin Marinica

    2010-06-30

    Various methods achieving importance sampling in ensembles of nonequilibrium trajectories enable to estimate free energy differences and, by maximum-likelihood post-processing, to reconstruct free energy landscapes. Here, based on Bayes theorem, we propose a more direct method in which a posterior likelihood function is used both to construct the steered dynamics and to infer the contribution to equilibrium of all the sampled states. The method is implemented with two steering schedules. First, using non-autonomous steering, we calculate the migration barrier of the vacancy in Fe-alpha. Second, using an autonomous scheduling related to metadynamics and equivalent to temperature-accelerated molecular dynamics, we accurately reconstruct the two-dimensional free energy landscape of the 38-atom Lennard-Jones cluster as a function of an orientational bond-order parameter and energy, down to the solid-solid structural transition temperature of the cluster and without maximum-likelihood post-processing.

  2. Advanced Post-Irradiation Examination Capabilities Alternatives Analysis Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeff Bryan; Bill Landman; Porter Hill

    2012-12-01

    An alternatives analysis was performed for the Advanced Post-Irradiation Capabilities (APIEC) project in accordance with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order DOE O 413.3B, “Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets”. The Alternatives Analysis considered six major alternatives: ? No Action ? Modify Existing DOE Facilities – capabilities distributed among multiple locations ? Modify Existing DOE Facilities – capabilities consolidated at a few locations ? Construct New Facility ? Commercial Partnership ? International Partnerships Based on the alternatives analysis documented herein, it is recommended to DOE that the advanced post-irradiation examination capabilities be provided by a new facility constructed at the Materials and Fuels Complex at the Idaho National Laboratory.

  3. General Relativistic Rotation Curves in a Post-Newtonian Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleksandar Rakic; Dominik J. Schwarz

    2008-11-10

    The missing of a Keplerian fall-off in the observed galaxy rotation curves represents classical evidence for the existence of dark matter on galactic scales. There has been some recent activity concerning the potential of modelling galactic systems with the help of general relativity. This was motivated by claims that by the use of full general relativity dark matter could be made superfluous. Here we focus on possible axisymmetric and stationary solutions of Einstein's equations with rotating dust. After a short review of the current debate we pursue the idea of approaching such relativistic models in a Newtonian language. We analyse rigidly as well as differentially rotating Newtonian and Post-Newtonian spacetimes and find that it is necessary to incorporate a Post-Newtonian term in order to make physical sense.

  4. Gaussian packet pre{stack depth migration Department of Geophysics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 3, 121 16 Praha 2, Czech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Gaussian packet pre{stack depth migration Karel #20; Z#19;a#20;cek Department of Geophysics method | the Gaussian packet pre{stack depth migration. The advantages over the methods based on Gaussian pre{stack depth migration is especially suitable for a target{oriented imaging. Key words Gaussian

  5. Sacrificial-Post Templating Method for Block Copolymer Self-Assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander-Katz, Alfredo

    A sacrificial-post templating method is presented for directing block copolymer self-assembly to form nanostructures consisting of monolayers and bilayers of microdomains. In this approach, the topographical post template ...

  6. Mechanisms of post-myocardial infarction healing : from acute survival to chronic remodeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Darlene L.

    2009-01-01

    Biol 2002;3(8):566-574. 110. Poss KD, Wilson LG, Keating MT.AM, Du X-J. Mouse model of post-infarct ventricular rupture:therapy for symptomatic post infarction pericarditis.

  7. Equilibrium and Media of Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with transaction Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STARR, ROSS M

    2005-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the the- orist is this:Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction2 commodity-pairwise trading posts. Bid and ask prices are

  8. Equilibrium and Media of Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy With Transaction Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2007-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:equilibrium. The trading post model endogenously generates aExchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction

  9. Convergence to monetary equilibrium: computational simulation of a trading post economy with transaction costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Xue; Whang, Yu-Jung; Zhang, Qiaoxi

    2010-01-01

    by Household [i,j] at Trading Pose {k,w} vol(i,j): Totalin a Walrasian Trading Post Example”, Economics Letters,simulation of a trading post economy with transaction costs

  10. Equilibrium and Media of Exchange in A Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2007-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with TransactionExchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction

  11. 328Post shot analysis of plasma conditions of Au Spheres illuminated...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    328Post shot analysis of plasma conditions of Au Spheres illuminated by the URLLE Omega laser, as measured via Thomson scattering Citation Details In-Document Search Title: 328Post...

  12. Unbonded Post Tensioned Concrete in Fire: A Review of Data from Furnace Tests and Real Fires 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gales, John; Bisby, Luke; Gillie, Martin

    The fire-safe design of concrete structures which incorporate post-tensioned prestressing tendons has recently been the subject of debate within the structural engineering community, particularly when unbonded post-tensioned ...

  13. Year in Review: Top Five EERE Blog Posts of 2014 | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Year in Review: Top Five EERE Blog Posts of 2014 Year in Review: Top Five EERE Blog Posts of 2014 December 30, 2014 - 10:07am Addthis Paul Lester Paul Lester Digital Content...

  14. Comrades still struggling: class, nationalism and the Tripartite Alliance in post-apartheid South Africa. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beresford, Alexander Roy

    2011-07-04

    This thesis examines the trajectories of class politics in post-apartheid South Africa. It investigates whether we can witness South African politics entering into a post-nationalist era characterised by the increasing salience of class struggles...

  15. Comparison of solvents for post-combustion capture of CO2 by chemical absorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kothandaraman, Anusha

    Post combustion absorption technologies represent one of the most commercially ready technologies for CO2 capture. Solvent selection is the critical consideration in post-combustion absorption capture technology. In order ...

  16. Effect of Warming and Precipitation Distribution on Soil Respiration and Mycorrhizal Abundance in Post Oak Savannah 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cartmill, Andrew David

    2012-07-16

    , and precipitation distribution on soil CO2 efflux, its underlying components, and mycorrhizal abundance in southern post oak savannah. Post oak savannah in the south-central US are dominated by three contrasting plant functional types: Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx...

  17. Economic Perceptions and Economic Voting in Post Communist Countries of East Central Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tverdova, Yuliya V.

    2007-01-01

    of ‘Party’ in Post-Communist Europe. ” Party Politics 1 (4):in Poland, 1990–1995. ” Europe-Asia Studies 49(7): 1263–91.Transformation in Post-communist Europe. New York: Palgrave

  18. Communism on Trial: The Slansky Affair and Anti-Semitism in Post-WWII Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumenthal, Helaine

    2009-01-01

    Anti-Semitism in Post-WWII Europe Helaine Blumenthal Summerwell as post-war Eastern Europe. I will explore how Jews, inthe majority of interwar Europe’s states, Czechoslovakia

  19. Optimized post Gaussian approximation in the background field method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Rakhimov; Jae Hyung Yee

    2003-08-11

    We have extended the variational perturbative theory based on the back ground field method to include the optimized expansion of Okopinska and the post Gaussian effective potential of Stansu and Stevenson. This new method provides much simpler way to compute the correction terms to the Gausssian effective action (or potential). We have also renormalized the effective potential in 3+1 dimensions by introducing appropriate counter terms in the lagrangian

  20. Post Office Building, Rancho Mirage, California | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics AndBeryllium Disease | DepartmentOLEDEnergy Political Activity at DOERemovalHarmless7951Post

  1. Second Annual Post Competition Accountability Report | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1 SECTIONEnergy Scientists AssessSecond Annual Post

  2. Post-Remediation Biomonitoring of Pesticides in Marine Waters Near the United Heckathorn Superfund Site, Richmond, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LD Antrim; NP Kohn

    2000-09-05

    This report, PNNL-11911 Rev. 1, was published in July 2000 and replaces PNNL-11911, which was published in September 1998. The revision corrects tissue concentration units that were reported as dry weight but were actually wet weight, and updates conclusions based on the correct reporting units. Marine sediment remediation at the United Heckathorn Superfund Site was completed in April 1997. Water and mussel tissues were sampled in January 1998 from four stations near Lauritzen Canal in Richmond, California, for the first post-remediation monitoring of marine areas near the United Heckathorn Site. Dieldrin and DDT were analyzed in water samples, tissue samples from resident mussels, and tissue samples from transplanted mussels deployed for 4 months. Concentrations of dieldrin and total DDT in water and total DDT in tissue were compared to pre-remediation data available from the California State Mussel Watch program (tissues) and the Ecological Risk Assessment for the United Heckathorn Superfund Site (tissues and water). Chlorinated pesticide concentrations in water samples were similar to pre-remediation levels and did not meet remediation goals. Mean dieldrin concentrations in water ranged from 0.65 ng/L to 18.1 ng/L and were higher than the remediation goal (0.14 ng/L) at all stations. Mean total DDT concentrations in water ranged from 0.65 ng/L to 103 ng/L and exceeded the remediation goal of 0.59 ng/L. The highest concentrations of both pesticides were found in Lauritzen Canal, and the lowest levels were from the Richmond Inner Harbor Channel water. Unusual amounts of detritus in the water column at the time of sampling, particularly in Lauritzen Canal, could have contributed to the elevated pesticide concentrations and poor analytical precision.

  3. Filtering post-Newtonian gravitational waves from coalescing binaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. S. Sathyaprakash

    1994-11-15

    Gravitational waves from inspiralling binaries are expected to be detected using a data analysis technique known as {\\it matched filtering.} This technique is applicable whenever the form of the signal is known accurately. Though we know the form of the signal precisely, we will not know {\\it a priori} its parameters. Hence it is essential to filter the raw output through a host of search templates each corresponding to different values of the parameters. The number of search templates needed in detecting the Newtonian waveform characterized by three independent parameters is itself several thousands. With the inclusion of post-Newtonian corrections the inspiral waveform will have four independent parameters and this, it was thought, would lead to an increase in the number of filters by several orders of magnitude---an unfavorable feature since it would drastically slow down data analysis. In this paper I show that by a judicious choice of signal parameters we can work, even when the first post-Newtonian corrections are included, with as many number of parameters as in the Newtonian case. In other words I demonstrate that the effective dimensionality of the signal parameter space does not change when first post-Newtonian corrections are taken into account.

  4. Sentence based semantic similarity measure for blog-posts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aziz, Mehwish

    2012-01-01

    Blogs-Online digital diary like application on web 2.0 has opened new and easy way to voice opinion, thoughts, and like-dislike of every Internet user to the World. Blogosphere has no doubt the largest user-generated content repository full of knowledge. The potential of this knowledge is still to be explored. Knowledge discovery from this new genre is quite difficult and challenging as it is totally different from other popular genre of web-applications like World Wide Web (WWW). Blog-posts unlike web documents are small in size, thus lack in context and contain relaxed grammatical structures. Hence, standard text similarity measure fails to provide good results. In this paper, specialized requirements for comparing a pair of blog-posts is thoroughly investigated. Based on this we proposed a novel algorithm for sentence oriented semantic similarity measure of a pair of blog-posts. We applied this algorithm on a subset of political blogosphere of Pakistan, to cluster the blogs on different issues of political...

  5. Backflow in Post-Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noam Soker

    2001-03-07

    We derive the conditions for a backflow toward the central star(s) of circumstellar material to occur during the post-asymptotic giant branch (AGB) phase. The backflowing material may be accreted by the post-AGB star and/or its companion, if such exists. Such a backflow may play a significant role in shaping the descendant planetary nebula, by, among other things, slowing down the post-AGB evolution, and by forming an accretion disk which may blow two jets. We consider three forces acting on a slowly moving mass element: the gravity of the central system, radiation pressure, and fast wind ram pressure. We find that for a significant backflow to occur, a slow dense flow should exsist, such that the relation between the total mass in the slow flow, M, and the solid angle it covers, Omega, is given by (4*pi*M/Omega)>0.1Mo. The requirement for both high mass loss rate per unit solid angle and a very slow wind, such that it can be decelerated and flow back, probably requires close binary interaction.

  6. Assessment of LED Technology in Ornamental Post-Top Luminaires. Sacramento, CA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuenge, J. R.; Bryan, M. M.; Bisbee, D. A.

    2011-12-01

    GATEWAY program report on a demonstration of LED ornamental post-top luminaires in a residential part of Sacramento, CA.

  7. U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management Post Competitio...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Annual 2. Publish Post Competition Accountability Report on the LM internet. Quarterly 3. Conduct independent evaluations of key programs, projects,...

  8. Pre-solicitation Meeting for the Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was given to attendees of the Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project pre-solicitation meeting held in Detroit, Michigan, on March 19, 2003.

  9. Alternative pre-mRNA splicing switches modulate gene expression in late erythropoiesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Miki L.

    2009-01-01

    Pre-mRNA Splicing Switches Modulate Gene Expression in Lateto discovery of many additional switches in promoter use andJ, et al. Differentiation-associated switches in protein 4.1

  10. Evaluation of Salmonella disinfection strategies for pre-slaughter broiler crop decontamination 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnhart, Eric Thomas

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of the following studies was to evaluate selected potential decontamination methods for ability to reduce the incidence of Salmonella recovery from broiler crops during pre-slaughter feed withdrawal. The efficacy of prolonged lactose...

  11. Teaching the Writing Process through Digital Storytelling in Pre-service Education 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Martha Robison

    2012-07-16

    This study used a mixed-methods design to determine instructional strategies that best enhance pre-service teachers’ valuing of digital storytelling as a method to teach the narrative writing process; to consider how digital ...

  12. Innovative Energy Conservation Through Scrao Pre-heating in an Electric Arc Furnace 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dicion, A.

    2013-01-01

    This paper will present an innovative energy conservation technology for scrap pre-heating in an Electric Arc Furnace that is being implemented in an industrial facility in Ontario. The objective of the paper is to examine the electrical...

  13. Occupational Medicine Open House/Pre Tailgate Sept. 9 | The Ames...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    some new employees, the start of a new school year and the upcoming Iowa State-Iowa football game, Ames Lab's Occupation Medicine department is holding an open housePre Tailgate...

  14. Use of encapsulated live microalgae to investigate pre-ingestive selection in the oyster Crassostrea gigas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Use of encapsulated live microalgae to investigate pre-ingestive selection in the oyster, this study clearly demonstrate that extracellular metabolites produced by microalgae play a crucial role reserved. Keywords: Alginate; Beads; Bivalve; Feeding; Microalgae; Particle processing 1. Introduction

  15. Purchasing Water-Efficient Faucets, Pre-Rinse Spray Valves, Showerheads, Toilets, and Urinals

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Federal agencies are required to purchase U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) WaterSense-labeled products where applicable. Faucets, pre-rinse spray valves, showerheads, toilets, and urinals are covered under the WaterSense program.

  16. Techniques For Injection Of Pre-Charaterized Dust Into The Scrape...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    For Injection Of Pre-Charaterized Dust Into The Scrape Off Layer Of Fusion Plasma Introduction of micron-sized dust into the scrape-off layer (SOL) of a plasma has recently...

  17. DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF PRE-SERVICE TRAINING METHODS FOR ANIMAL SHELTER VOLUNTEERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Veronica J.

    2013-08-31

    The current studies aim to develop a cost-effective pre-service training package for animal shelter volunteers. Study 1 compared the cost and effectiveness of three training package variations on student volunteer integrity ...

  18. A Pre-treatment Model for Ethanol Production Using a Colorimetric...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A Pre-treatment Model for Ethanol Production Using a Colorimetric Analysis of Starch Solutions AUTHORS: Eric Benson and Chris Ederer E-mail Addresses: eric.benson@theloganschool.o...

  19. DOE Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop - Breakout Group 3: HIGH...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3: HIGH TEMP (SOFC) SYSTEM AND BOP DOE Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop - Breakout Group 3: HIGH TEMP (SOFC) SYSTEM AND BOP Report from Breakout Group 3 of the DOE Fuel Cell...

  20. DOE Hydrogen Program Manufacturing R&D Pre-Solicitation Meeting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Preliminary Fuel Cell Manufacturing R&D Topics PEM Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop Questions & Answers Solid Oxide Fuel Cell System (SOFC) Technology R&D Needs (Presentation)...

  1. THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE HEALTH SCIENCE CENTER (UTHSC) 2014 NURSING PRE-MATRICULATION PROGRAM APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yan

    1 THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE HEALTH SCIENCE CENTER (UTHSC) 2014 NURSING PRE-MATRICULATION PROGRAM: _________________________________________________________________________________ CITIZENSHIP: Are you a U.S. Citizen, non-citizen national, or foreign national who possesses a visa permitting

  2. Pre-Service Teachers' and Students' (Mis)Conceptions About the Equal Sign 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vela, Katherine

    2012-02-14

    -SERVICE TEACHERS? AND STUDENTS? (MIS)CONCEPTIONS ABOUT THE EQUAL SIGN A Thesis by KATHERINE NICOLE VELA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 2011 Major Subject: Curriculum and Instruction Pre-Service Teachers? and Students? (Mis)Conceptions About the Equal Sign Copyright 2011 Katherine Nicole Vela PRE...

  3. DOI: 10.1002/adma.200701956 Geometric Considerations of Micro-to Nanoscale Elastomeric Post

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Christopher S.

    DOI: 10.1002/adma.200701956 Geometric Considerations of Micro- to Nanoscale Elastomeric Post Arrays cultured on this substrate deflect underlying posts as they contract. Trac- tion forces could be calculated from these post deflections using a simple force-displacement relationship for pure bend- ing

  4. The post-Gutenberg open access journal The Future of the Academic Journal Chapter 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carr, Leslie

    The post-Gutenberg open access journal The Future of the Academic Journal Chapter 6 The post-Gutenberg open access journal Stevan Harnad Some think the most radical feature of post-Gutenberg journals. The classical learned journal To understand the journal of the future, however, we must first understand

  5. ORIGINAL PAPER Thermal equation of state of CaIrO3 post-perovskite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Thomas S.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Thermal equation of state of CaIrO3 post-perovskite Wei Liu · Matthew L. Whitaker-Verlag 2011 Abstract The pressure­volume­temperature (P­V­T) relation of CaIrO3 post-perovskite (ppv for several oxide post-perovskites can be described approximately by the relationship KT0 = 5406.0/ V

  6. Reconciling the Post-Perovskite Phase With Seismological Observations of Lowermost Mantle Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garnero, Ed

    Reconciling the Post-Perovskite Phase With Seismological Observations of Lowermost Mantle Structure of post-perovskite (pPv), the high pressure polymorph of (Mgx,Fe1-x)SiO3 perovskite (Pv), may have in the lower mantle are suggested. 129 Post-Perovskite: The Last Mantle Phase Transition Geophysical Monograph

  7. Geophysically consistent values of the perovskite to post-perovskite transition Clapeyron slope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geophysically consistent values of the perovskite to post-perovskite transition Clapeyron slope J February 2007; published 15 March 2007. [1] The double-crossing hypothesis posits that post- perovskite in Earth's deep mantle and the temperature of Earth's inner core boundary, we show that a post-perovskite

  8. Mantle dynamics in super-Earths: Post-perovskite rheology and self-regulation of viscosity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tackley, Paul J.

    Mantle dynamics in super-Earths: Post-perovskite rheology and self-regulation of viscosity P we evaluate this. First, as the mantle of a super-Earth is made mostly of post-perovskite we here extend the density functional theory (DFT) calculations of post- perovskite activation enthalpy

  9. THE DYNAMICAL INFLUENCES FROM PHYSICAL PROPERTIES IN THE LOWER MANTLE AND POST-PEROVSKITE PHASE TRANSITION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    1 THE DYNAMICAL INFLUENCES FROM PHYSICAL PROPERTIES IN THE LOWER MANTLE AND POST-PEROVSKITE PHASE, Yokohama 236-0001, Japan ABSTRACT The discovery of post-perovskite phase transition near the core conductivity together with the post-perovskite transition within the framework of isochemical models We have

  10. A Post-Perovskite Lens and D Heat Flux Beneath the Central Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garnero, Ed

    A Post-Perovskite Lens and Dµ Heat Flux Beneath the Central Pacific Thorne Lay,1 * John Hernlund,2 are attributed to a phase change from perovskite to post-perovskite and then back to perovskite as the temperature increases with depth. Iron enrichment could explain the occurrence of post-perovskite several

  11. Influence of the Post-Perovskite Transition on Thermal and Thermo-Chemical Mantle Convection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tackley, Paul J.

    Influence of the Post-Perovskite Transition on Thermal and Thermo-Chemical Mantle Convection Paul J Physique du Globe de Paris, France Several studies have focused on the post-perovskite (PPV) transition, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Post-Perovskite: The Last Mantle Phase Transition

  12. TS13 Land Administration in Post-Conflict Areas Paul van der Molen and Christiaan Lemmen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TS13 ­ Land Administration in Post-Conflict Areas Paul van der Molen and Christiaan Lemmen TS13.1 Land Administration in Post-Conflict Areas 3rd FIG Regional Conference Jakarta, Indonesia, October 3-7, 2004 1/12 Land Administration in Post-Conflict Areas Paul van der MOLEN and Christiaan LEMMEN

  13. Relating Modernity, Conflict and Sexual Violence: Discourses of Violence Against Women in Post-War Sierra Leone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer-Walters, Dayo T.

    2010-01-01

    and Men in Partnership for Post-Conflict Reconstruction Heldof Violence Against Women in Post –War Sierra Leone Dayo T.against the backdrop of post war Sierra Leone. Within the

  14. Method of producing a diesel fuel blend having a pre-determined flash-point and pre-determined increase in cetane number

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Waller, Francis Joseph; Quinn, Robert

    2004-07-06

    The present invention relates to a method of producing a diesel fuel blend having a pre-determined flash-point and a pre-determined increase in cetane number over the stock diesel fuel. Upon establishing the desired flash-point and increase in cetane number, an amount of a first oxygenate with a flash-point less than the flash-point of the stock diesel fuel and a cetane number equal to or greater than the cetane number of the stock diesel fuel is added to the stock diesel fuel in an amount sufficient to achieve the pre-determined increase in cetane number. Thereafter, an amount of a second oxygenate with a flash-point equal to or greater than the flash-point of the stock diesel fuel and a cetane number greater than the cetane number of the stock diesel fuel is added to the stock diesel fuel in an amount sufficient to achieve the pre-determined increase in cetane number.

  15. Post-Industrial Engineering: Computer Science and the Organization of White-Collar Work, 1945-1975

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mamo, Andrew Benedict

    2011-01-01

    automation, and industrial engineering. Looking over thePost-Industrial Engineering: Computer Science and theSpring 2011 Post-Industrial Engineering: Computer Science

  16. Performance of High-Performance Glazing in IECC Compliant Building Simulation Model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Haberl, J. S.

    2006-01-01

    . The TMY2 weather file (NREL, 1995) for Houston is used to carry out simulations. ? Selection of high-performance glazing Six glazing options were selected for this set of simulations to represent a range of current and potential window types... in hot and humid climates. Masters thesis, Department of Architecture, Texas A&M University. NREL. 1995. Users Manual for TMY2's. NRELlSP? 463-7668, and TMY2s, Typical Meteorological Years Derived from the 1961-1990. National Solar Radiation Data...

  17. Development of a Web-Based, Code-Compliant 2001 IECC Residential Simulator for Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

    2009-01-01

    is attached to the DOE-2 legacy software running on a cluster of servers attached to the web. Additional information is included about how a residence is dynamically updated by the web-page, using macro commands and a flexible yet fixed-schematic input file...

  18. Top 10 Considerations of 2012 IECC and IgCC in Dallas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basora, Z.

    2013-01-01

    , TX December 18, 2013 ESL-KT-13-12-31 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 This presentation is protected by US and International copyright laws. Reproduction, distribution, display, or use... of the presentation without written permission of the speaker is prohibited ESL-KT-13-12-31 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 This presentation is a collaboration between Zaida Basora, FAIA, Assistant Director...

  19. Analysis of Above-Code (2009 IECC) Residential Energy Efficiency Measures in ONCOR Service Area 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verdict, Malcolm; Haberl, Jeff S.; Liu, Zi; Kim, Hyojin

    2009-01-01

    were selected. These measures include Renewable Power Options, Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC), Fenestration, Envelope, Lighting and Domestic Hot Water (DHW) options. Individual measures were then categorized into four groups: 0 to 5%, 5...

  20. Assessing Savings from Group Measures Proposed by Houston Ammendments for the 2009 IECC (Residential Provisions) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.

    2011-01-01

    Gain: 75% Energy Star CFL Indoor Lamps Improved DHW System Efficiency: Tankless Water Heater, Energy Factor: 0.748 Measures Solar Domestic Hot Water System (32 sq.ft. collector area/unit) Photovoltaic Array for 6kW Improved Windows: Decreased U...-Factor (U-0.35) Groups Group 1 13% Group 2 22% Group 3 11% Group 4 10% Group 5 3% Group 6 9% Group 7 14% Site Energy Reduced Internal Heat Gain: 75% Energy Star CFL Indoor Lamps Improved DHW System Efficiency: Tankless water heater, Energy Factor: 0...

  1. An analysis of International Energy Conservation Code (IECC)-compliant single-family residential energy use 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Seongchan

    2009-06-02

    In 2001, the Texas State Senate passed Senate Bill 5 to reduce ozone levels by encouraging the reduction of emissions of NOx that were not regulated by the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission, including point ...

  2. Post-2012 Climate Instruments in the transport sector | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) |Texas: EnergyOklahoma:Ewen,RiskInformation Post-2012

  3. Post Award Auditing of Cost Reimbursable Subcontracts Policy | The Ames

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access|Post-PolymerizationRequirements CURRENT DOE O

  4. Post-2006 Renewable Energy Program (contracts/rd)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access|Post-PolymerizationRequirements CURRENT DOE OProgram

  5. Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Research | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access|Post-PolymerizationRequirements CURRENT

  6. Post-Doc Researchers Needed | Critical Materials Institute

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access|Post-PolymerizationRequirements CURRENTPost-Doc Researchers

  7. Post Secondary Project Performance Benchmarks | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuilding energyDepartment of Energy PortsmouthWasteDepartmentPost

  8. Development of a dynamic simulator for a natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) power plant with post-combustion carbon capture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liese, E.; Zitney, S.

    2012-01-01

    The AVESTAR Center located at the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory and West Virginia University is a world-class research and training environment dedicated to using dynamic process simulation as a tool for advancing the safe, efficient and reliable operation of clean energy plants with CO{sub 2} capture. The AVESTAR Center was launched with a high-fidelity dynamic simulator for an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plant with pre-combustion carbon capture. The IGCC dynamic simulator offers full-scope Operator Training Simulator (OTS) Human Machine Interface (HMI) graphics for realistic, real-time control room operation and is integrated with a 3D virtual Immersive Training Simulator (ITS), thus allowing joint control room and field operator training. The IGCC OTS/ITS solution combines a “gasification with CO{sub 2} capture” process simulator with a “combined cycle” power simulator into a single high-performance dynamic simulation framework. This presentation will describe progress on the development of a natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) dynamic simulator based on the syngas-fired combined cycle portion of AVESTAR’s IGCC dynamic simulator. The 574 MW gross NGCC power plant design consisting of two advanced F-class gas turbines, two heat recovery steam generators (HRSGs), and a steam turbine in a multi-shaft 2x2x1 configuration will be reviewed. Plans for integrating a post-combustion carbon capture system will also be discussed.

  9. Stabilization of Fast Pyrolysis Oil: Post Processing Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, Douglas C.; Lee, Suh-Jane; Hart, Todd R.

    2012-03-01

    UOP LLC, a Honeywell Company, assembled a comprehensive team for a two-year project to demonstrate innovative methods for the stabilization of pyrolysis oil in accordance with DOE Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) DE-PS36-08GO98018, Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Oil (Bio-oil) Stabilization. In collaboration with NREL, PNNL, the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Pall Fuels and Chemicals, and Ensyn Corporation, UOP developed solutions to the key technical challenges outlined in the FOA. The UOP team proposed a multi-track technical approach for pyrolysis oil stabilization. Conceptually, methods for pyrolysis oil stabilization can be employed during one or both of two stages: (1) during the pyrolysis process (In Process); or (2) after condensation of the resulting vapor (Post-Process). Stabilization methods fall into two distinct classes: those that modify the chemical composition of the pyrolysis oil, making it less reactive; and those that remove destabilizing components from the pyrolysis oil. During the project, the team investigated methods from both classes that were suitable for application in each stage of the pyrolysis process. The post processing stabilization effort performed at PNNL is described in this report. The effort reported here was performed under a CRADA between PNNL and UOP, which was effective on March 13, 2009, for 2 years and was subsequently modified March 8, 2011, to extend the term to December 31, 2011.

  10. Power spectrum of post-inflationary primordial magnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hector J. Hortua; Leonardo Castañeda

    2014-12-16

    The origin of large scale magnetic fields is one of the most puzzling topics in cosmology and astrophysics. It is assumed that the observed magnetic fields result from the amplification of an initial field produced in the early universe. In this paper we compute the exact power spectrum of magnetic fields created after inflation best known as post inflationary magnetic fields, using the first order cosmological perturbation theory. Our treatment differs from others works because we include an infrared cutoff which encodes only causal modes in the spectrum. The cross-correlation between magnetic energy density with Lorentz force and the anisotropic part of the electromagnetic field are exactly computed. We compare our results with previous works finding agreement in cases where the ratio between lower and upper cutoff is very small. However, we found that spectrum is strongly affected when this ratio is greater than 0.2. Moreover, the effect of a post inflationary magnetic field with a lower cutoff on the angular power spectrum in the temperature distribution of CMB was also exactly calculated. The main feature is a shift of the spectrum's peak as function of the infrared cutoff, therefore analyzing this effect we could infer the value of this cutoff and thus constraining the primordial magnetic fields generation models.

  11. The one and only official Santa Claus' Main Post Office is located in the heart of Santa's Workshop Village on the Arctic Circle, eight kilometres north from the centre of Rovaniemi. Santa Claus' Main Post Office is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartholdi III, John J.

    The one and only official Santa Claus' Main Post Office is located in the heart of Santa's Workshop Village on the Arctic Circle, eight kilometres north from the centre of Rovaniemi. Santa Claus' Main Post Office is under the responsibility of Finland's post company, Itella Corporation. Santa Claus' Main Post

  12. Reducing Residential Peak Electricity Demand with Mechanical Pre-Cooling of Building Thermal Mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turner, Will; Walker, Iain; Roux, Jordan

    2014-08-01

    This study uses an advanced airflow, energy and humidity modelling tool to evaluate the potential for residential mechanical pre-cooling of building thermal mass to shift electricity loads away from the peak electricity demand period. The focus of this study is residential buildings with low thermal mass, such as timber-frame houses typical to the US. Simulations were performed for homes in 12 US DOE climate zones. The results show that the effectiveness of mechanical pre-cooling is highly dependent on climate zone and the selected pre-cooling strategy. The expected energy trade-off between cooling peak energy savings and increased off-peak energy use is also shown.

  13. An evaluation of a pre-charging pulse-jet filter for small combustor particulate control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helfritch, D.J.; Quimby, J.M.

    1991-04-01

    The objective of this test program was the performance and economic evaluation of a pre-charged pulse-jet filter as the principal particulate control device for a commercial- or industrial-scale coal-fired combustor. Performance factors that were considered were the effects of particle charge, air/cloth ratio, pulse frequency, pulse pressure, fabric types, humidity, and inlet particulate loading on fine particle collection efficiency and pressure drop. Economic factors that were considered included capital costs, energy requirements, and operating and maintenance costs. The program resulted in a recommendation regarding the relative suitability of the pre-charged pulse-jet filter for small combustor particulate control, as compared to a pulse-jet filter without pre-charging. Fine particle control capability, ease of operation, and overall economics were taken into consideration in making comparisons. 23 refs., 16 figs., 10 tabs.

  14. Comparison of transition densities in the DDHMS model of pre-equilibrium emission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brito, L.; Carlson, B. V.

    2014-11-11

    The DDHMS (double differential hybrid Monte Carlo simulation) model treats nucleon-induced pre-equilibrium reactions as a series of particle-particle and particle-hole interactions in the space of energy and angle. This work compares spectra obtained within the model using diferent approximations to the density of accessible states. The calculations are performed with the EMPIRE reaction model code, a modular system containing several nuclear reaction models that permits a fairly complete descritpion of the reaction, from elastic scattering and absorption through the pre-equilbrium stage to the final decay by statistical emission.

  15. Selective catalytic reduction system and process using a pre-sulfated zirconia binder

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sobolevskiy, Anatoly; Rossin, Joseph A.

    2010-06-29

    A selective catalytic reduction (SCR) process with a palladium catalyst for reducing NOx in a gas, using hydrogen as a reducing agent is provided. The process comprises contacting the gas stream with a catalyst system, the catalyst system comprising (ZrO.sub.2)SO.sub.4, palladium, and a pre-sulfated zirconia binder. The inclusion of a pre-sulfated zirconia binder substantially increases the durability of a Pd-based SCR catalyst system. A system for implementing the disclosed process is further provided.

  16. Fuel electrode containing pre-sintered nickel/zirconia for a solid oxide fuel cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ruka, Roswell J. (Pittsburgh, PA); Vora, Shailesh D. (Monroeville, PA)

    2001-01-01

    A fuel cell structure (2) is provided, having a pre-sintered nickel-zirconia fuel electrode (6) and an air electrode (4), with a ceramic electrolyte (5) disposed between the electrodes, where the pre-sintered fuel electrode (6) contains particles selected from the group consisting of nickel oxide, cobalt and cerium dioxide particles and mixtures thereof, and titanium dioxide particles, within a matrix of yttria-stabilized zirconia and spaced-apart filamentary nickel strings having a chain structure, and where the fuel electrode can be sintered to provide an active solid oxide fuel cell.

  17. University of Southern California, USC Dornsife Office of Pre-Health Advisement, 3641 Watt Way, HNB 120, Los Angeles, CA 90089 (213) 740-4844, E-mail: prehealth@dornsife.usc.edu; Website: http://dornsife.usc.edu/pre-health; FB: www.facebook.com/USCPreHeal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xianghong Jasmine

    ://dornsife.usc.edu/pre-health; FB: www.facebook.com/USCPreHealth The mission of the Office of Pre-Health Advisement, within the Dana

  18. High prevalence of lipoatrophy in pre-pubertal South African children on antiretroviral therapy: a cross-sectional study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    36% (95% CI: 27%–45%). Anthropometry and DXA measurementsand comprehensive anthropometry are not commonly available.model. Although DXA and anthropometry may be more pre- cise

  19. Linear media in classical electrodynamics and the Post constraint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedrich W. Hehl; Yuri N. Obukhov

    2004-11-03

    The Maxwell equations are formulated in a generally covariant and metric-free way in 1+3 and subsequently in 4 dimensions. For this purpose, we use the excitations $\\cal D$, $\\cal H$ and the field strengths $E,B$. A local and linear constitutive law between excitations and field strengths is assumed, with a constitutive tensor $\\chi^{ijkl}=-\\chi^{jikl}=-\\chi^{ijlk}$ of 36 components. The properties of this tensor are discussed. In particular, we address the validity of the Post constraint, a subject that is very much under discussion. In this connection, the Tellegen gyrator, the axion field, and the ``perfect electromagnetic conductor'' of Lindell & Sihvola are compared with each other.

  20. Magnetised cosmological perturbations in the post-recombination era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasiliou, Hera

    2015-01-01

    We study inhomogeneous magnetised cosmologies through the post-recombination era in the framework of Newtonian gravity and the ideal-magnetohydrodynamic limit. The nonlinear kinematic and dynamic equations are derived and linearised around the Newtonian counterpart of the Einstein-de Sitter universe. This allows for a direct comparison with the earlier relativistic treatments of the issue. Focusing on the evolution of linear density perturbations, we provide new analytic solutions which include the effects of the magnetic pressure as well as those of the field's tension. We find that the extra pressure the magnetic field introduces into the system inhibits the growth of density distortions and also induces a purely magnetic Jeans length. On scales larger than the aforementioned characteristic length the inhomogeneities grow, though slower than in non-magnetised universes. Wavelengths smaller than the magnetic Jeans length, on the other hand, typically oscillate with decreasing amplitude. In all cases, the eff...