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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 4: Identify Target...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

efficiency upgrade program. Primary Audience Influencers Gatekeepers Single-family homeowners Local media Electrical utilities Clubs and community organizations Environmental...

2

Non-Transgenic Cell Lines for Identifying Target Premalignant ...  

Biofuels; Biotechnology & Medicine. ... Non-Transgenic Cell Lines for Identifying Target Premalignant Genes IB-2023 : Berkeley Lab's S3 cell lines display partial

3

Defining computer documentation audiences  

SciTech Connect

The paper is intended to enlighten technical writers in the computer field to the importance of defining their audiences. Observations are made about audiences in general, realms of experience, levels of usage, numbers of documents, grouping audiences and writing for specific audiences.

Tanner, R.D.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Identifying human miRNA targets with a genetic algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in eukaryotic gene regulation. Although thousands of miRNAs have been identified in laboratories around the world, most of their targets still remain unknown. Different computational techniques exist to predict ... Keywords: genetic algorithms, miRNA targets, microRNAs

Kalle Karhu; Sami Khuri; Juho Mkinen; Jorma Tarhio

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Identifying transcription factor targets using enhanced Bayesian classifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finding transcription factors (TFs) to their target genes (TGs) is the first step to understand the transcriptional regulatory networks. Here we present a method which uses an enhanced Bayesian classifier to predict the TF-TG pairs in time-course expression ... Keywords: Bayesian classifier, Time-course expression data, Transcription factor targets

Dong He; Dao Zhou; Yanhong Zhou

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Catching fish in the stream: real time analysis of audience behavior in social media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this interactive poster, we describe a system we designed for identifying and tracking the behavior of distinct audiences in social media streams. Keywords: audience behavior, real-time analysis, social media

Yu-Ru Lin; Drew Margolin; Brian Keegan; Mauro Martino; Sasha Goodman; David Lazer

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Omen: identifying potential spear-phishing targets before the email is sent.  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a two year project focused on a common social engineering attack method called %22spear phishing%22. In a spear phishing attack, the user receives an email with information specifically focused on the user. This email contains either a malware-laced attachment or a link to download the malware that has been disguised as a useful program. Spear phishing attacks have been one of the most effective avenues for attackers to gain initial entry into a target network. This project focused on a proactive approach to spear phishing. To create an effective, user-specific spear phishing email, the attacker must research the intended recipient. We believe that much of the information used by the attacker is provided by the target organization's own external website. Thus when researching potential targets, the attacker leaves signs of his research in the webserver's logs. We created tools and visualizations to improve cybersecurity analysts' abilities to quickly understand a visitor's visit patterns and interests. Given these suspicious visitors and log-parsing tools, analysts can more quickly identify truly suspicious visitors, search for potential spear-phishing targeted users, and improve security around those users before the spear phishing email is sent.

Wendt, Jeremy Daniel

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

I-Vote: an audience voting system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe the I-Vote system for audience response voting at the Olympic Games. The audience members vote by using a $2 handheld device that they can keep as a souvenir. The devices are simple to use, come in multiple designs, and are ... Keywords: I-Vote, Olympics, ZigBee, active RFID, audience response system, design process, display-less device, handheld device, prototypes, scenarios, ubiquitous computing, visualization, voting, wireless

M. Cameron Jones; Karen E. Medina; Abhijit Rao; Dinesh Rathi; Vandana Singh

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Hyperaudience : designing performance systems for audience inclusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We define the concept of the Hyperaudience and a unique approach towards designing real-time interactive performance systems: the design of these systems encourages audience participation and augments the experience of ...

Van Troyer, Akito

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Identifying patients in target customer segments using a two-stage clustering-classification approach: A hospital-based assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Identifying patients in a Target Customer Segment (TCS) is important to determine the demand for, and to appropriately allocate resources for, health care services. The purpose of this study is to propose a two-stage clustering-classification model through ... Keywords: Customer relationship management (CRM), K-means clustering algorithm, Recency-Frequency-Monetary (RFM) analysis model, Rough set theory (RST), Target customer segment (TCS)

You-Shyang Chen; Ching-Hsue Cheng; Chien-Jung Lai; Cheng-Yi Hsu; Han-Jhou Syu

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Audience research for fun and profit : rediscovering the value of television audiences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The American television industry is in a moment of transition because of changes brought about by digital distribution and audience fragmentation. This thesis argues that the television industry can no longer adapt to the ...

Seles, Sheila Murphy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Quantitative Phosphoproteomics Identifies Filaggrin and other Targets of Ionizing Radiation in a Human Skin Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our objective here was to perform a quantitative phosphoproteomic study on a reconstituted human skin tissue to identify low and high dose ionizing radiation dependent signaling in a complex 3-dimensional setting. Application of an isobaric labeling strategy using sham and 3 radiation doses (3, 10, 200 cGy) resulted in the identification of 1113 unique phosphopeptides. Statistical analyses identified 151 phosphopeptides showing significant changes in response to radiation and radiation dose. Proteins responsible for maintaining skin structural integrity including keratins and desmosomal proteins (desmoglein, desmoplakin, plakophilin 1 and 2,) had altered phosphorylation levels following exposure to both low and high doses of radiation. A phosphorylation site present in multiple copies in the linker regions of human profilaggrin underwent the largest fold change. Increased phosphorylation of these sites coincided with altered profilaggrin processing suggesting a role for linker phosphorylation in human profilaggrin regulation. These studies demonstrate that the reconstituted human skin system undergoes a coordinated response to ionizing radiation involving multiple layers of the stratified epithelium that serve to maintain skin barrier functions and minimize the damaging consequences of radiation exposure.

Yang, Feng; Waters, Katrina M.; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Sowa, Marianne B.; Freiin von Neubeck, Claere H.; Aldrich, Joshua T.; Markillie, Lye Meng; Wirgau, Rachel M.; Gristenko, Marina A.; Zhao, Rui; Camp, David G.; Smith, Richard D.; Stenoien, David L.

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

13

Interactive stories and the audience: Why empathy is important  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interactive narratives have long been advocated as having the potential to create more immersive and transformative experiences for audiences by adding the pleasure of agency. In practice, however, finding the balance between sufficient interactivity ... Keywords: Interactive stories, audience entertainment, empathy and interactivity, interactive advertisements, interactive drama for television

Stacey Hand; Duane Varan

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Target  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lifetime measurements in Lifetime measurements in inverse kinematics Coulex Target e.g. C Stopper e.g. Cu Beam X X * C Si-Det. Yale Plunger 120 Te at 300 MeV Plunger foils Si-Detector Compton-suppressed Clover detectors (8) 50% Coulomb- barrier )] ( exp[ 1 ) ( 0 d d d P - - - = λ Probability of emitting gamma-ray while in-flight: From data: ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( d I d I d P total shifted γ γ = where ) ( ) ( γ γ γ γ θ ε W E N I = Lifetime analysis For example: Valence proton symmetry Data from NNDC, WNSL ( 120 Te), NBI group ( 116 Te), Cologne ( 114 Te) B(E2)up [e 2 b 2 ] N A.A. Pasternak et al., EPJA 13, 435 (2002) O. Möller et al., PRC 71, 064324 (2005) Study deviations from (collective) expectations -> needs a fast and easy way to obtain data -> inverse RDDS well suited! Important in inverse kinematics: Deorientation F I J Large v/c => except for relativistic

15

Targeting in Advertising Markets: Implications for Offline Versus Online Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a model with many advertisers (products) and many advertising markets (media). Each advertiser sells to a different segment of consumers, and each medium is targeting a different audience. We characterize the ...

Bergemann, Dirk

16

Presenting to Local and Remote Audiences: Design and Use of the TELEP System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, presumably for handling questions and the 15-second latency. x Speakers became aware of the remote audiencePresenting to Local and Remote Audiences: Design and Use of the TELEP System Gavin Jancke, Jonathan a lightweight system that creates greater awareness in the presentation room of remote viewers and allows remote

Narasayya, Vivek

17

Targeting Political Advertising on Television ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the targeting of political advertising by congressional candidates on television. Targeting strategies for television differ from targeting strategies for direct mail advertising or get out the vote efforts because candidates cannot target voters individually. Instead, candidates must target television programs with viewers most similar to the desired target voters. Thus, for targeted advertising to have value, the audiences for television programs must differ in meaningful ways and advertising must be effective. In this project, we develop and estimate a model of targeted advertising for U.S. congressional races. We study whether television shows segment potential voters sufficiently to allow for effective targeting and we consider the effect of television advertising- whether it persuades individuals to vote for a particular candidate or mobilizes them to vote in general. Our results suggest the function of television advertising is primarily to persuade. Moreover, we find that there is sufficient variation in the distribution of viewer characteristics across television programs to allow for effective targeting. The most effective targeting strategies therefore involve both parties adopting similar strategies of advertising primarily on programs with audiences containing many swing voters that are likely to vote. While

Mitchell Lovett; Michael Peress

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Numerical Simulation and Laboratory Testing of Time-Frequency MUSIC Beamforming for Identifying Continuous and Impulsive Ground Targets from a Mobile Aerial Platform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a microphone array is mounted on a mobile aerial platform, such as an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), most existing beamforming methods cannot be used to adequately identify continuous and impulsive ground. Here, numerical simulation results and laboratory experiments are presented that validate a proposed time-frequency beamforming method based on the Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC) algorithm to detect these acoustic sources from a mobile aerial platform. In the numerical simulations three parameters were varied to test the proposed algorithms location estimation performance: 1) the acoustic excitation types; 2) the moving receivers simulated flight conditions; and 3) the number of acoustic sources. Also, a distance and angle error analysis was done to quantify the proposed algorithms source location estimation accuracy when considering microphone positioning uncertainty. For experimental validation, three laboratory experiments were conducted. Source location estimations were done for: a 600 Hz sine source, a banded white noise source between 700-800 Hz, and a composite source combined simultaneously with both the sine and banded white noise sources. The proposed algorithm accurately estimates the simulated monopoles location coordinates no matter the excitation type or simulated trajectory. When considering simultaneously-excited, multiple monopoles at high altitudes, e.g. 50 m, the proposed algorithm had no error when estimating the sources locations. Finally, a distance and angle error analysis exposed how relatively small microphone location error, e.g. 1 cm maximum error, can propagate into large averaged distance error of about 10 m in the far-field for all monopole excitation types. For all simulations, however, the averaged absolute angle error remained small, e.g. less than 4 degrees, even when considering a 5 cm maximum microphone location error. For the laboratory experiments, the sine source had averaged distance and absolute angle errors of 0.9 m and 14.07 degrees from the sources true location, respectively. Similarly, the banded white noise sources averaged distance and absolute angle errors were 1.9 m and 47.14 degrees; and lastly, the averaged distance and absolute angle errors of 0.78 m and 8.14 degrees resulted when both the sources were simultaneously excited.

Silva, Ramon Alejandro

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Change What? Identifying Quality Improvement Targets by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 24, 2010 ... quality improvement recommendations based on existing data to improve the effectiveness of ... Adm Policy Ment Health (2010) 37:1526 ..... include higher doses of procedures that are common among. EB practices (Mueller...

20

An event-driven wearable systems for supporting pit-crew and audiences on motorbike races  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motorbike racing is one of the most popular motorsports and many fans visit circuits to watch races. However, since audiences and pit crews can only obtain limited information, it is difficult for them to get detailed information about teams except for ... Keywords: motorbike race, wearable computing

Tsutomu Terada; Masakazu Miyamae; Yasue Kishino; Takahito Fukuda; Masahiko Tsukamoto

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Keeping Up With Your Audience, So They Keep Up with Your Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Up With Your Audience, So Up With Your Audience, So They Keep Up with Your Program BBNP Program Implementation Snapshot Series Webinar May 17, 2012 Agenda 1. Introduction 2. EMT's Market Research Needs to Spur Energy Efficiency Program Demand 3. Role of Market Research In Spurring Demand 4. How EMT Utilized the Market Information 5. Q&A, Peer Exchange Discussion How to Participate Today Open and close your control panel Raise your hand Submit text questions The never ending mid-course correction Oil prices remain high. Last winter was mild. Will we be as lucky next winter? Be more comfortable in your home and take control of rising heating costs! LIVABLE FOR YEARS TO COME "I used to sit on the couch in a hat and fleece pullover. Now, this is the house I want to stay

22

A preliminary examination of audience-related communications issues for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project will estimate radiation doses people may have received from exposure to radioactive materials released during past operations at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Hanford Site near Richland, Washington. The HEDR Project was initiated in response to public concerns about possible health impacts from past releases of radioactive materials from Hanford. The TSP recognized early in the project that special mechanisms would be required to effectively communicate to the many different concerned audiences. Accordingly, the TSP directed PNL to examine methods for communicating causes and effects of uncertainties in the dose estimates. After considering the directive and discussing it with the Communications Subcommittee of the TSP, PNL undertook a broad investigation of communications methods to consider for inclusion in the TSP's current communications program. As part of this investigation, a literature review was conducted regarding risk communications. A key finding was that, in order to successfully communicate risk-related information, a thorough understanding of the knowledge level, concerns and information needs of the intended recipients (i.e., the audience) is necessary. Hence, a preliminary audience analysis was conducted as part of the present research. This report summarizes the results of this analysis. 1 ref., 9 tabs.

Holmes, C.W.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

MS/MS Libraries of Identified Peptides and Recurring Spectra ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Three Classes of Libraries. I. Conventional Target Identification. Peptides (Proteins). II. Identifiable. By unconventional searching. III. Not Identifiable. ...

2009-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

24

Participation - In what? Radio, convergence and the corporate logic of audience input through new media in Zambia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent literature has pointed to the way in which new media such as the internet and mobile phones have the capacity to enable more participatory and interactive communication, either through user-generated content or through a broader participation ... Keywords: Africa, Audiences, New media, Participation, Radio, Zambia

Wendy Willems

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Forest Products Marketing Workshop / Novi Sad / 3 6 April 2006 DAVID BILLS CBE FICFOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/ Novi Sad / 3 ­ 6 April 2006 Identify Target Audiences · End User ­ DIY, Women · Opinion Leaders

26

Production Targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hall (2005), Prices, Production, and Inventories over theProduction Targets ? Guillermo Caruana CEMFI caruana@cem?.esthe theory using monthly production targets of the Big Three

Caruana, Guillermo; Einav, Liran

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Modify targets identified in the pathways analysis to be specific...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assistance Network Geothermal Incentives and Policies International Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs...

28

PCCM's partnership with Liberty Science Center (LSC) has grown to improve awareness of materials science engineering among new audiences. In collaboration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Liberty Science Center Expand Partnership (DMR0819860) D. Steinberg, C. Arnold, M. McAlpine, R. RegisterPCCM's partnership with Liberty Science Center (LSC) has grown to improve awareness of materials science engineering among new audiences. In collaboration with Liberty Science Center, PCCM members

Petta, Jason

29

Metal alloy identifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

To identify the composition of a metal alloy, sparks generated from the alloy are optically observed and spectrographically analyzed. The spectrographic data, in the form of a full-spectrum plot of intensity versus wavelength, provide the "signature" of the metal alloy. This signature can be compared with similar plots for alloys of known composition to establish the unknown composition by a positive match with a known alloy. An alternative method is to form intensity ratios for pairs of predetermined wavelengths within the observed spectrum and to then compare the values of such ratios with similar values for known alloy compositions, thereby to positively identify the unknown alloy composition.

Riley, William D. (Avondale, MD); Brown, Jr., Robert D. (Avondale, MD)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Identifying heavy Higgs bosons  

SciTech Connect

Two techniques for identifying heavy Higgs bosons produced at SSC energies are discussed. In the first, the Higgs boson decays into ZZ, with one Z decaying into an e-pair or ..mu..-pair and the other into a neutrino pair. In the second, the production of the Higgs boson by WW fusion is tagged by detecting the quarks that produced the bremsstrahlung virtual W's. The associated Higgs decay is identified by one leptonic and one hadronic decay. Both methods appear capable of finding a heavy Higgs boson provided the SSC design parameters are achieved. 16 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Cahn, R.N.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Table Set-up with equipment Target Audience: Parents of elementary school students (grades 3-6), Middle and High School Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engineering measurement tool 2. Introduce the range of light bulb options available for home use. 3. Describe-on experience with the measurement of the time-dependence of light output from three or more light bulbs based on significantly different technology (e.g. incandescent, CFL, LED) as an example of information on light bulbs

Linhardt, Robert J.

32

Table Set-up with Materials Target Audience: Parents of elementary school students (grades 3-6) and Middle and High School Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

students. BOM: LED (Light Emitting Diode), breadboard, resistor, Wires, 9V battery, Potentiometer to manage

Linhardt, Robert J.

33

Most Commonly Identified Recommendations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Most Commonly Identified Recommendations Most Commonly Identified Recommendations DOE ITP In Depth ITP Energy Assessment Webcast Presented by: Dr. Bin Wu, Director, Professor of Industrial Engineering Dr. Sanjeev Khanna, Assistant Director, Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering With Contribution From MO IAC Student Engineers: Chatchai Pinthuprapa Jason Fox Yunpeng Ren College of Engineering, University of Missouri. April 16, 2009 Missouri Industrial Assessment Center Missouri IAC is one of the 26 centers founded by the U.S. DOE in the nation. Since its establishment in 2005, we have been working closely with the MoDNR, the MU University Extension, utility providers in the state, etc, to provide education, development and services in industrial energy efficiency. Our services (audits, workshops, etc), have already covered many locations across the state of Missouri.

34

ENHANCING RESERVOIR MANAGEMENT IN THE APPALACHIAN BASIN BY IDENTIFYING TECHNICAL BARRIER AND PREFERRED PRACTICES  

SciTech Connect

The Preferred Upstream Management Practices (PUMP) project, a two-year study sponsored by the United States Department of Energy (USDOE), had three primary objectives: (1) the identification of problems, problematic issues, potential solutions and preferred practices related to oil production; (2) the creation of an Appalachian Regional Council to oversee and continue this investigation beyond the end of the project; and (3) the dissemination of investigative results to the widest possible audience, primarily by means of an interactive website. Investigation and identification of oil production problems and preferred management practices began with a Problem Identification Workshop in January of 2002. Three general issues were selected by participants for discussion: Data Management; Reservoir Engineering; and Drilling Practices. At the same meeting, the concept of the creation of an oversight organization to evaluate and disseminated preferred management practices (PMP's) after the end of the project was put forth and volunteers were solicited. In-depth interviews were arranged with oil producers to gain more insight into problems and potential solutions. Project members encountered considerable reticence on the part of interviewees when it came to revealing company-specific production problems or company-specific solutions. This was the case even though interviewees were assured that all responses would be held in confidence. Nevertheless, the following production issues were identified and ranked in order of decreasing importance: Water production including brine disposal; Management of production and business data; Oil field power costs; Paraffin accumulation; Production practices including cementing. An number of secondary issues were also noted: Problems associated with Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) and Waterflooding; Reservoir characterization; Employee availability, training, and safety; and Sale and Purchase problems. One item was mentioned both in interviews and in the Workshop, as, perhaps, the key issue related to oil production in the Appalachian region - the price of a barrel of oil. Project members sought solutions to production problems from a number of sources. In general, the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) website, both regional and national, proved to be a fertile source of information. Technical issues included water production, paraffin accumulation, production practices, EOR and waterflooding were addressed in a number of SPE papers. Articles on reservoir characterization were found in both the AAPG Bulletin and in SPE papers. Project members extracted topical and keyword information from pertinent articles and websites and combined them in a database that was placed on the PUMP website. Because of difficulties finding potential members with the qualifications, interests, and flexibility of schedule to allow a long-term commitment, it was decided to implement the PMP Regional Council as a subcommittee of the Producer Advisory Group (PAG) sponsored by Appalachian Region PTTC. The advantages of this decision are that the PAG is in already in existence as a volunteer group interested in problem identification and implementation of solutions and that PAG members are unpaid, so no outside funds will be required to sustain the group. The PUMP website became active in October of 2002. The site is designed to evolve; as new information becomes available, it can be readily added to the site or the site can be modified to accommodate it. The site is interactive allowing users to search within the PUMP site, within the Appalachian Region PTTC site, or within the whole internet through the input of user-supplied key words for information on oil production problems and solutions. Since its inception in the Fall of 2002, the PUMP site has experienced a growing number of users of increasingly diverse nature and from an increasing geographic area. This indicates that the site is reaching its target audience in the Appalachian region and beyond. Following up on a commitment to technology transfer, a tota

Ronald R. McDowell; Khashayar Aminian; Katharine L. Avary; John M. Bocan; Michael Ed. Hohn; Douglas G. Patchen

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Accelerator target  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A target includes a body having a depression in a front side for holding a sample for irradiation by a particle beam to produce a radioisotope. Cooling fins are disposed on a backside of the body opposite the depression. A foil is joined to the body front side to cover the depression and sample therein. A perforate grid is joined to the body atop the foil for supporting the foil and for transmitting the particle beam therethrough. A coolant is circulated over the fins to cool the body during the particle beam irradiation of the sample in the depression.

Schlyer, David J. (Bellport, NY); Ferrieri, Richard A. (Patchogue, NY); Koehler, Conrad (Miller Place, NY)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Accelerator target  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A target includes a body having a depression in a front side for holding a sample for irradiation by a particle beam to produce a radioisotope. Cooling fins are disposed on a backside of the body opposite the depression. A foil is joined to the body front side to cover the depression and sample therein. A perforate grid is joined to the body atop the foil for supporting the foil and for transmitting the particle beam therethrough. A coolant is circulated over the fins to cool the body during the particle beam irradiation of the sample in the depression. 5 figs.

Schlyer, D.J.; Ferrieri, R.A.; Koehler, C.

1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

37

Microfluidic in vivo screen identifies compounds enhancing neuronal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compound screening is a powerful tool to identify new therapeutic targets, drug leads, and elucidate the fundamental mechanisms of biological processes. We report here the results of the first in vivo small-molecule screens ...

Haggarty, Stephen

38

Identifying Necessary Reactions in Metabolic Pathways by Minimal Model Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In systems biology, identifying vital functions like glycolysis from a given metabolic pathway is important to understand living organisms. In this paper, we focus on the problem of finding minimal sub-pathways producing target metabolites from source ...

Takehide Soh; Katsumi Inoue

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Sponsorship and the internal audience: examining how corporate sponsorship is related to organization identification and job satisfaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An investigation of the relationship between corporate sponsorship activities and human resource constructs was conducted through an online questionnaire with employees of a southern U.S. energy provider. Specifically, three sponsorship-related constructs, fan identification with a sponsored sport property, employee involvement with the sponsorship, and employee attitude toward the sponsorship were hypothesized to be positively related to employee organization identification and job satisfaction. Social identification theory (SIT) provided the theoretical foundation of this study. Through a series of hypotheses, the three sponsorship-related constructs were hypothesized to exert both direct and indirect effects on employee organizational identification and job satisfaction. Testing the process of missing data for approximately 80 of the total 427 respondents showed that data was missing at random (MAR). Thus, missing data values were imputed using regression techniques available in AMOS 16.0 software. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to evaluate the path of predicted relationships. Assessment of the measurement model fit for the entire model showed that all but one indicator, for involvement with the sponsorship, loaded on latent variables as expected. In addition to comparing the results of the SEM analysis of the imputed data set (n = 427) to the data set with only complete responses (n = 308), a random sample (n = 200) was also analyzed, in order to assess the impact of sample size on fitting the data to the models. A competing models approach to SEM analysis showed that four nested models differed only marginally on a couple goodness-of-fit indices. The principle of parsimony was thus utilized to select and evaluate the fit of the appropriate model. Evaluation of the hypotheses showed that fan identification and involvement with the sponsorship did not exert direct effects on employee organization identification and job satisfaction, but did influence these human resource constructs in an indirect manner. Additionally, an unpredicted, indirect relationship between organization prestige and job satisfaction was also established. Lastly, theoretical and managerial implications are discussed, along with the identification of several recommendations to guide future research relating corporate sponsorship with the internal audience.

Hall, Todd Kristopher

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Particle Data Group - PDG Identifiers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PDG Identifiers PDG Identifiers PDG Identifiers are references to items of PDG data such as particles, particle properties, decay modes and review articles. Once defined, a PDG Identifier is guaranteed to not change and can thus be used in other systems as a permanent reference to PDG data. Note that although the meaning of a given PDG Identifier will not change, there is no guarantee that the corresponding data will be included into future editions of the Review of Particle Physics. Each PDG Identifier consists of a single string without embedded spaces. PDG Identifiers are not case-sensitive. More details on PDG Identifiers can be found in this proposal. Future versions of pdgLive will directly support PDG Identifiers both for viewing and for downloading the data associated with a given PDG Identifier.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Ultra-low field nuclear magnetic resonance and magnetic resonance imaging to discriminate and identify materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-low magnetic field NMR system can non-invasively examine containers. Database matching techniques can then identify hazardous materials within the containers. Ultra-low field NMR systems are ideal for this purpose because they do not require large powerful magnets and because they can examine materials enclosed in conductive shells such as lead shells. The NMR examination technique can be combined with ultra-low field NMR imaging, where an NMR image is obtained and analyzed to identify target volumes. Spatial sensitivity encoding can also be used to identify target volumes. After the target volumes are identified the NMR measurement technique can be used to identify their contents.

Kraus, Robert H. (Los Alamos, NM); Matlashov, Andrei N. (Los Alamos, NM); Espy, Michelle A. (Los Alamos, NM); Volegov, Petr L. (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

42

Identify Employee Commuting Clusters for Greenhouse Gas Profile |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identify Employee Commuting Clusters for Greenhouse Gas Profile Identify Employee Commuting Clusters for Greenhouse Gas Profile Identify Employee Commuting Clusters for Greenhouse Gas Profile October 7, 2013 - 1:53pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 2 For evaluating a greenhouse gas profile for employee commuting, use survey data on employee home location and arrival/departure times to identify geographic areas to target for vanpool and carpool ride-matching efforts. Those who live in close proximity or en route to the workplace and with similar hours may be clustered to determine which locations might represent the best candidates for ride-share matching. As illustrated in Figure 1, areas with higher concentrations of employees that live farther from the worksite might be good candidate locations for targeted carpool and vanpool

43

Magnetically attached sputter targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved method and assembly for attaching sputtering targets to cathode assemblies of sputtering systems which includes a magnetically permeable material is described. The magnetically permeable material is imbedded in a target base that is brazed, welded, or soldered to the sputter target, or is mechanically retained in the target material. Target attachment to the cathode is achieved by virtue of the permanent magnets and/or the pole pieces in the cathode assembly that create magnetic flux lines adjacent to the backing plate, which strongly attract the magnetically permeable material in the target assembly. 11 figures.

Makowiecki, D.M.; McKernan, M.A.

1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

44

Latinas in the city: a discussion of how young Mexican women identify and engage with Sex and the City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Globalization trends and treaties, such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), have increased the access and flow of United States media and popular culture products in Mexico. Limited research has been done examining the exposure of Mexican audiences to U.S. media products and the possibility of mass medias impact on Mexican cultural identity. This qualitative study examines how twenty college-educated Mexican women identify and engage with the transnational popular culture text of Sex and the City (SATC). A multi-disciplinary theoretical approach, mainly from cultural studies and media studies, provides the backbone for my study of a foreign audiences identification and engagement with a U.S. popular culture text. Thematic categorization of my interview data showed that genre, gender, class and location all played a role in the media engagement process. SATC enabled these twenty women to examine their lived experiences in Mexican society and be exposed to alternative viewpoints. The women interviewed were active audience members that discussed their experiences as college-educated, career driven women associated with modernity but living in the traditional, patriarchal society of Mexico. The women interviewed preferred watching television from other countries, such as the U.S., because it resonated with their lived experiences more than the telenovelas, which are the most common form of television programming in Latin America. In terms of discussing the representation of women on SATC, women talked about the gender roles, myths and structural forces of Mexican society to engage in resistive pleasure and to talk about gender politics. For these Mexican women, discussing SATC allowed them to express concerns over the representation of women in telenovelas, the importance of having alternative viewpoints available to women, and the experiences that have allowed them to foster spaces for change based on SATCs content and characters. While factors, such as education, socioeconomics and geographic location framed the respondent comments, SATC was a source of strategic knowledge and cultural capital for women to open up new discussions with friends and family, new ways of looking and living out their sexuality, and ideas of the female body.

Cantu, Elizabeth Angelica

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Targets for Precision Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The general properties needed in targets (sources) for high precision, high accuracy measurements are reviewed. The application of these principles to the problem of developing targets for the Fission TPC is described. Longer term issues, such as the availability of actinide materials, improved knowledge of energy losses and straggling and the stability of targets during irradiation are also discussed.

W. Loveland; L. Yao; David M. Asner; R. G. Baker; J. Bundgaard; E. Burgett; M. Cunningham; J. Deaven; D. L. Duke; U. Greife; S. Grimes; M. Heffer; T. Hill; D. Isenhower; J. L. Klay; V. Kleinrath; N. Kornilov; A. B. Laptev; T. N. Massey; R. Meharchand; H. Qu; J. Ruz; S. Sangiorgio; B. Selhan; L. Snyder; S. Stave; G. Tatishvili; R. T. Thornton; F. Tovesson; D. Towell; R. S. Towell; S. Watson; B. Wendt; L. Wood

2013-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

46

Generalized integrability conditions and target space geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In some higher dimensional nonlinear field theories integrable subsectors with infinitely many conservation laws have been identified by imposing additional integrability conditions. Originally, the complex eikonal equation was chosen as integrability condition, but recently further generalizations have been proposed. Here we show how these new integrability conditions may be derived from the geometry of the target space and, more precisely, from the Noether currents related to a certain class of target space transformations.

C. Adam; J. Sanchez-Guillen

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Identifying targets of the Sox domain protein Dichaete in the Drosophila CNS via targeted expression of dominant negative proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abl -0.63 3.20E-02 0.48 2.76E-01 0.01 9.92E-01 CG3796-RA ac 0.07 7.19E-01 -0.74 3.30E-02 -0.66 3.01E-01 CG1966-RA Acf1 -0.6 1.00E-03 -0.06 8.26E-01 -0.35 7.70E-02 CG7899-RA Acph-1 -1.1 2.30E-02 0.78 9.80E-02 -0.01 9.95E-01 CG9127-RA ade2 -0.51 3.10E-02... 4032 FBgn0000022 ac achaete CG3796 FBgn0027620 Acf1 ATP-dependent chromatin assembly factor large subunit CG1966 FBgn0250816 AGO3 Argonaute 3 CG40300 FBgn0260972 alc alicorn CG8057 FBgn0010548 Aldh-III Aldehyde dehydrogenase type III CG11140 FBgn0259170...

Shen, Shih Pei; Aleksic, Jelena; Russell, Steven

2013-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

48

Target Database | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science & Engineering Applications Target Database The Target database and analytical pipeline provides bioinformatics support and selection of protein targets of biomedical...

49

HYDROGEN ISOTOPE TARGETS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The design of targets for use in the investigation of nuclear reactions of hydrogen isotopes by bombardment with accelerated particles is described. The target con struction eomprises a backing disc of a metal selected from the group consisting of molybdenunn and tungsten, a eoating of condensed titaniunn on the dise, and a hydrogen isotope selected from the group consisting of deuterium and tritium absorbed in the coatiag. The proeess for preparing these hydrogen isotope targets is described.

Ashley, R.W.

1958-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

50

Target Cost Management Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Target cost management (TCM) is an innovation of Japanese management accounting system and by common sense has been considered with great interest by practitioners. Nowadays, TCM related

Okano, Hiroshi

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Target | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Target Target Jump to: navigation, search Name Target Address 1000 Nicollet Mall Place Minneapolis, MN Zip 55440 Website http://www.target.com Coordinates 44.9739366°, -93.2750493° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.9739366,"lon":-93.2750493,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

52

Multiple shell fusion targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Multiple shell fusion targets for use with electron beam and ion beam implosion systems are described. The multiple shell targets are of the low-power type and use a separate relatively low Z, low density ablator at large radius for the outer shell, which reduces the focusing and power requirements of the implosion system while maintaining reasonable aspect ratios. The targets use a high Z, high density pusher shell placed at a much smaller radius in order to obtain an aspect ratio small enough to protect against fluid instability. Velocity multiplication between these shells further lowers the power requirements. Careful tuning of the power profile and intershell density results in a low entropy implosion which allows breakeven at low powers. For example, with ion beams as a power source, breakeven at 10-20 Terrawatts with 10 MeV alpha particles for imploding a multiple shell target can be accomplished.

Lindl, J.D.; Bangerter, R.O.

1975-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

53

Market oriented approach to energy conservation identifying disadvantaged families as target groups for energy assistance programs  

SciTech Connect

Energy expenditures, perceived family well-being, and energy conservation actions were analyzed by family composition and income level. Data were taken from a three state subsample (Arizona, Colorado, and Oregon; N = 2633) of a larger stratified random sample of households in the Western US. Data were collected by mail survey in spring 1981. Self-reported annual energy expenditures were correlated with scores on an Index of Well Being, measuring the extent of cut-backs in several areas of consumption. No significant correlation was found between energy expenditures and the Index of Well Being. The proportion of income spent on residential energy, the energy budget share, however, was significantly correlated with the Index of Well Being. Families were classified according to income and also according to a modernize family-life-cycle (FLC) model, using age of the head of household, marital status, and family size. Significant differences between family types and income groups existed for energy expenditures, the energy budget share, as well as the Index of Well Being. There was no interaction between the two grouping factors, family type and income category, in the case of energy expenditures and scores on the Index of Well Being. A relationship between energy expenditures and climate, measured by heating and cooling degree days, was not found. The inverse relationship between heating and cooling requirements, as well as systematic differences in per unit energy cost appeared to account for this fact.

Marganus, M.G.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Standoff Spectroscopy Using a Conditioned Target Identifies Hazardous Materials at a Distance  

A safer method for the standoff (long distance) detection and identification ofmolecules on a surface has been invented by researchers at ORNL and the Universityof Tennessee. This invention avoids the necessity of close and potentially ...

55

From worm to human: bioinformatics approaches to identify FOXO target genes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­29. Tiainen, M., Vaahtomeri, K., Ylikorkala, A., Makela, T.P., 2002. Growth arrest by the LKB1 tumor

56

Argus target chamber  

SciTech Connect

A target chamber for application in the laser fusion program must satisfy some very basic requirements. (1) Provide a vacuum on the order of 10$sup -6$ torr. (2) Support a microscopically small target in a fixed point in space and verify its location within 5 micrometers. (3) Contain an adjustable beam focusing system capable of delivering a number of laser beams onto the target simultaneously, both in time and space. (4) Provide access for diagnostics to evaluate the results of target irradiation. (5) Have flexibility to allow changes in targets, focusing optics and number of beams. The ARGUS laser which is now under construction at LLL will have a target chamber which meets these requirements in a simple economic manner. The chamber and auxiliary equipment are described, with reference to two double beam focusing systems; namely, lenses and ellipsoidal mirrors. Provision is made for future operation with four beams, using ellipsoidal mirrors for two-sided illumination and lens systems for tetragonal and tetrahedral irradiation. (auth)

Rienecker, F. Jr.; Glaros, S.S.; Kobierecki, M.

1975-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

57

Carbon Sequestration with Enhanced Gas Recovery: Identifying...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Berkeley CA 94720 Abstract Depleted natural gas reservoirs are promising targets for carbon dioxide sequestration. Although depleted, these reservoirs are not devoid of...

58

Identified Patent Waivers | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Identified Identified Patent Waivers Identified Patent Waivers June 18, 2013 Identified Patent Waiver W(I)2012-012 This is a request by DR. F. JEFFREY MARTIN for a DOE Identified patent waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights under agreement DE-AC52-06NA25396. March 1, 2013 Identified Patent Waiver W(I)2012-005 This is a request by UCHICAGO ARGONNE, LLC for a DOE Identified patent waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights under agreement DE-AC02-06CH11357. March 1, 2013 Identified Patent Waiver W(I)2012-004 This is a request by UCHICAGO ARGONNE, LLC for a DOE Identified patent waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights under agreement DE-AC02-06CH11357. March 1, 2013 Identified Patent Waiver W(I)2012-003 This is a request by UCHICAGO ARGONNE, LLC for a DOE Identified patent

59

Synchronous identification of friendly targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A synchronous communication targeting system for use in battle. The present invention includes a transceiver having a stabilizing oscillator, a synchronous amplifier and an omnidirectional receiver, all in electrical communication with each other. A remotely located beacon is attached to a blackbody radiation source and has an amplitude modulator in electrical communication with a optical source. The beacon's amplitude modulator is set so that the optical source transmits radiation frequency at approximately the same or lower amplitude than that of the blackbody radiation source to which the beacon is attached. The receiver from the transceiver is adapted to receive frequencies approximately at or below blackbody radiation signals and sends such signals to the synchronous amplifier. The synchronous amplifier then rectifies and amplifies those signals which correspond to the predetermined frequency to therefore identify whether the blackbody radiation source is friendly or not.

Telle, John M. (126 Shady Oak Cir., Tijeras, NM 87059); Roger, Stutz A. (5 Kiowa La., Los Alamos, NM 87544)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Foam encapsulated targets  

SciTech Connect

Foam encapsulated laser-fusion targets wherein a quantity of thermonuclear fuel is embedded in low density, microcellular foam which serves as an electron conduction channel for symmetrical implosion of the fuel by illumination of the target by one or more laser beams. The fuel, such as DT, is contained within a hollow shell constructed of glass, for example, with the foam having a cell size of preferably no greater than 2 .mu.m, a density of 0.065 to 0.6.times.10.sup.3 kg/m.sup.3, and external diameter of less than 200 .mu.m.

Nuckolls, John H. (Livermore, CA); Thiessen, Albert R. (Livermore, CA); Dahlbacka, Glen H. (Livermore, CA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

100-B/C Target Analyte List Development for Soil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the process used to identify source area target analytes in support of the 100-B/C remedial investigation/feasibility study addendum to DOE/RL-2008-46. This report also establishes the analyte exclusion criteria applicable for 100-B/C use and the analytical methods needed to analyze the target analytes.

R.W. Ovink

2010-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

62

Targeted radionuclide therapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Targeted radionuclide therapy (TRT) seeks molecular and functional targets within patient tumor sites. A number of agents have been constructed and labeled with beta, alpha, and Auger emitters. Radionuclide carriers spanning a broad range of sizes; e.g., antibodies, liposomes, and constructs such as nanoparticles have been used in these studies. Uptake, in percent-injected dose per gram of malignant tissue, is used to evaluate the specificity of the targeting vehicle. Lymphoma (B-cell) has been the primary clinical application. Extension to solid tumors will require raising the macroscopic absorbed dose by several-fold over values found in present technology. Methods that may effect such changes include multistep targeting, simultaneous chemotherapy, and external sequestration of the agent. Toxicity has primarily involved red marrow so that marrow replacement can also be used to enhance future TRT treatments. Correlation of toxicities and treatment efficiency has been limited by relatively poor absorbed dose estimates partly because of using standard (phantom) organ sizes. These associations will be improved in the future by obtaining patient-specific organ size and activity data with hybrid SPECT/CT and PET/CT scanners.

Williams, Lawrence E.; DeNardo, Gerald L.; Meredith, Ruby F. [Radiology Division, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California 91010 (United States); Internal Medicine, University of California Davis Medical Center, 1508 Alhambra Boulevard, Suite 3100, Sacramento, California 95816 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Wallace Tumor Institute WTI No. 117, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

63

First SNS Target Replacement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Replacement of the target module was accomplished using only remote handling tooling and procedures (hands operations. Remote Handling Control Room Manipulator Gallery #12;10 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U ­ Interim process fitting leak testing ­ Limitations on remote handling equipment reliability ­ Limitations

McDonald, Kirk

64

SNS Target Systems Operational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scheduling conflict with other remote handling work planned for the next shutdown. · The target and PBW integrated monolith and hot cell structures #12;32 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy based on testing at Riken to 1.8 x 105 Gy · Improved neutronic performance and reduced remote handling

McDonald, Kirk

65

Oak Ridge Isotope Production Cyclotron Facility and Target Handling  

SciTech Connect

Abstract The Nuclear Science Advisory Committee issued in August 2009 an Isotopes Subcommittee report that recommended the construction and operation of a variable-energy, high-current, multiparticle accelerator for producing medical radioisotopes. To meet the needs identified in the report, Oak Ridge National Laboratory is developing a technical concept for a commercial 70 MeV dual-port-extraction, multiparticle cyclotron to be located at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility. The conceptual design of the isotope production facility as envisioned would provide two types of targets for use with this new cyclotron. One is a high-power target cooled by water circulating on both sides, and the other is a commercial target cooled only on one side. The isotope facility concept includes an isotope target vault for target irradiation and a shielded transfer station for radioactive target handling. The targets are irradiated in the isotope target vault. The irradiated targets are removed from the target vault and packaged in an adjoining shielded transfer station before being sent out for postprocessing. This paper describes the conceptual design of the target-handling capabilities required for dealing with these radioactive targets and for minimizing the contamination potential during operations.

Bradley, Eric Craig [ORNL; Varma, Venugopal Koikal [ORNL; Egle, Brian [ORNL; Binder, Jeffrey L [ORNL; Mirzadeh, Saed [ORNL; Tatum, B Alan [ORNL; Burgess, Thomas W [ORNL; Devore, Joe [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Rennich, Mark [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Saltmarsh, Michael John [ORNL; Caldwell, Benjamin Cale [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Method of identifying plant pathogen tolerance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for identifying a plant having disease tolerance comprising administering to a plant an inhibitory amount of ethylene and screening for ethylene insensitivity, thereby identifying a disease tolerant plant, is described. Plants identified by the foregoing process are also described.

Ecker, Joseph R. (Erial, NJ); Staskawicz, Brian J. (Castro Valley, CA); Bent, Andrew F. (Piedmont, CA); Innes, Roger W. (Bloomington, IN)

1997-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

67

Method of identifying plant pathogen tolerance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for identifying a plant having disease tolerance comprising administering to a plant an inhibitory amount of ethylene and screening for ethylene insensitivity, thereby identifying a disease tolerant plant, is described. Plants identified by the foregoing process are also described. 7 figs.

Ecker, J.R.; Staskawicz, B.J.; Bent, A.F.; Innes, R.W.

1997-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

68

Targeted online advertising : persuasion in an era of massless communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the decline of the mass media and the growth of a participatory and fragmented audience online have forced advertisers, agencies, and publishers to revise their thinking about delivering marketing messages ...

Baird, Eleanor Coumont

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Learning to target: what works for behavioral targeting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding what interests and delights users is critical to effective behavioral targeting, especially in information-poor contexts. As users interact with content and advertising, their passive behavior can reveal their interests towards advertising. ... Keywords: advertising, behavioral targeting, user modeling

Sandeep Pandey; Mohamed Aly; Abraham Bagherjeiran; Andrew Hatch; Peter Ciccolo; Adwait Ratnaparkhi; Martin Zinkevich

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Solid tags for identifying failed reactor components  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid tag material which generates stable detectable, identifiable, and measurable isotopic gases on exposure to a neutron flux to be placed in a nuclear reactor component, particularly a fuel element, in order to identify the reactor component in event of its failure. Several tag materials consisting of salts which generate a multiplicity of gaseous isotopes in predetermined ratios are used to identify different reactor components.

Bunch, Wilbur L. (Richland, WA); Schenter, Robert E. (Richland, WA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Nanomechanical Sensor Detects and Identifies Chemical Analytes  

ORNL 2010-G00612/jcn UT-B ID 200802066 Nanomechanical Sensor Detects and Identifies Chemical Analytes Technology Summary ORNL researchers developed a ...

72

Identify energy-saving actions | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Identify energy-saving actions Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction...

73

Beam heating of target foils  

SciTech Connect

A target rotator, built to reduce the effects of beam spot heating, is fully adjustable, holds three targets, is chamber independent, and takes up limited space. The expected temperature rise in the target is calculated from the Stefan--Boltzmann law. (PMA)

Corwin, W.C.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Identifying Fracture Types and Relative Ages Using Fluid Inclusion Stratigraphy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) are designed to recover heat from the subsurface by mechanically creating fractures in subsurface rocks. Understanding the life cycle of a fracture in a geothermal system is fundamental to the development of techniques for creating fractures. Recognizing the stage of a fracture, whether it is currently open and transmitting fluids; if it recently has closed; or if it is an ancient fracture would assist in targeting areas for further fracture stimulation. Identifying dense fracture areas as well as large open fractures from small fracture systems will also assist in fracture stimulation selection. Geothermal systems are constantly generating fractures, and fluids and gases passing through rocks in these systems leave small fluid and gas samples trapped in healed microfractures. Fluid inclusions trapped in minerals as the fractures heal are characteristic of the fluids that formed them, and this signature can be seen in fluid inclusion gas analysis. Our hypothesis is that fractures over their life cycle have different chemical signatures that we can see in fluid inclusion gas analysis and by using the new method of fluid inclusion stratigraphy (FIS) the different stages of fractures, along with an estimate of fracture size can be identified during the well drilling process. We have shown with this study that it is possible to identify fracture locations using FIS and that different fractures have different chemical signatures however that signature is somewhat dependent upon rock type. Open, active fractures correlate with increase concentrations of CO2, N2, Ar, and to a lesser extent H2O. These fractures would be targets for further enhancement. The usefulness of this method is that it is low cost alternative to current well logging techniques and can be done as a well is being drilled.

Dilley, Lorie M.; Norman, David; Owens, Lara

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

75

PDFs for nuclear targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding nuclear effects in parton distribution functions (PDF) is an essential component needed to determine the strange and anti-strange quark contributions in the proton. In addition Nuclear Parton Distribution Functions (NPDF) are critically important for any collider experiment with nuclei (e.g. RHIC, ALICE). Here two next-to-leading order chi^2-analyses of NPDF are presented. The first uses neutral current charged-lepton Deeply Inelastic Scattering (DIS) and Drell-Yan data for several nuclear targets and the second uses neutrino-nucleon DIS data. We compare the nuclear corrections factors (F_2^Fe/F_2^D) for the charged-lepton data with other results from the literature. In particular, we compare and contrast fits based upon the charged-lepton DIS data with those using neutrino-nucleon DIS data.

Karol Kovarik

2010-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

76

ORION laser target diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

The ORION laser facility is one of the UK's premier laser facilities which became operational at AWE in 2010. Its primary mission is one of stockpile stewardship, ORION will extend the UK's experimental plasma physics capability to the high temperature, high density regime relevant to Atomic Weapons Establishment's (AWE) program. The ORION laser combines ten laser beams operating in the ns regime with two sub ps short pulse chirped pulse amplification beams. This gives the UK a unique combined long pulse/short pulse laser capability which is not only available to AWE personnel but also gives access to our international partners and visiting UK academia. The ORION laser facility is equipped with a comprehensive suite of some 45 diagnostics covering optical, particle, and x-ray diagnostics all able to image the laser target interaction point. This paper focuses on a small selection of these diagnostics.

Bentley, C. D.; Edwards, R. D.; Andrew, J. E.; James, S. F.; Gardner, M. D.; Comley, A. J.; Vaughan, K.; Horsfield, C. J.; Rubery, M. S.; Rothman, S. D.; Daykin, S.; Masoero, S. J.; Palmer, J. B.; Meadowcroft, A. L.; Williams, B. M.; Gumbrell, E. T.; Fyrth, J. D.; Brown, C. R. D.; Hill, M. P.; Oades, K. [Plasma Physics Department, Atomic Weapons Establishment, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire RG7 4PR (United Kingdom); and others

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

77

In silico identification of putative drug targets in pseudomonas aeruginosa through metabolic pathway analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Comparative genomic analysis between pathogens and the host Homo sapiens has led to identification of novel drug targets. Microbial drug target identification and validation has been the latest trend in pharmacoinformatics. In order to identify a suitable ... Keywords: KEGG, MODELLER, comparative microbial genomics, homo sapiens, homology, kdsA, kdsB, lpxC, potential drug targets, pseudomonas aeruginosa, waaG

Deepak Perumal; Chu Sing Lim; Meena K. Sakharkar

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Laser Weather Identifier: Present and Future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prototype Laser Weather Identifier (LWI) systems designed to detect fog, rain and snow were tested for several months at Stapleton International Airport in Denver, and at the AFGL Weather Test Facility at Otis Air Force Base, Massachusetts. We ...

Ting-I. Wang; R. Lataitis; R. S. Lawrence; G. R. Ochs

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Multiple target laser ablation system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A laser ablation apparatus and method are provided in which multiple targets consisting of material to be ablated are mounted on a movable support. The material transfer rate is determined for each target material, and these rates are stored in a controller. A position detector determines which target material is in a position to be ablated, and then the controller controls the beam trigger timing and energy level to achieve a desired proportion of each constituent material in the resulting film.

Mashburn, Douglas N. (Knoxville, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Inertial-confinement-fusion targets  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Inertial confinement fusion (ICF) targets are made as simple flat discs, as hollow shells or as complicated multilayer structures. Many techniques have been devised for producing the targets. Glass and metal shells are made by using drop and bubble techniques. Solid hydrogen shells are also produced by adapting old methods to the solution of modern problems. Some of these techniques, problems and solutions are discussed. In addition, the applications of many of the techniques to fabrication of ICF targets is presented.

Hendricks, C.D.

1981-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A method for identifying market power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ability to exercise market power by suppliers may significantly reduce market efficiency in restructured electricity markets. Many studies have been performed to develop an effective tool to identify market power based on indices. Most often it is ... Keywords: Dispatch sensitivity matrix, HHI, KKT, LI, LMP, MC, Market power, Null space, PTDF, Power transfer distribution factor (PTDF) matrix

Hyungseon Oh; Robert J. Thomas

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Diffraction gratings used as identifying markers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A finely detailed defraction grating is applied to an object as an identifier or tag which is unambiguous, difficult to duplicate, or remove and transfer to another item, and can be read and compared with prior readings with relative ease. The exact pattern of the defraction grating is mapped by diffraction moire techniques and recorded for comparison with future readings of the same grating.

Deason, Vance A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Ward, Michael B. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Embedded sensor having an identifiable orientation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method is described wherein a sensor, such as a mechanical strain sensor, embedded in a fiber core, is "flagged" to identify a preferred orientation of the sensor. The identifying "flag" is a composite material, comprising a plurality of non-woven filaments distributed in a resin matrix, forming a small planar tab. The fiber is first subjected to a stimulus to identify the orientation providing the desired signal response, and then sandwiched between first and second layers of the composite material. The fiber, and therefore, the sensor orientation is thereby captured and fixed in place. The process for achieving the oriented fiber includes, after identifying the fiber orientation, carefully laying the oriented fiber onto the first layer of composite, moderately heating the assembled layer for a short period in order to bring the composite resin to a "tacky" state, heating the second composite layer as the first, and assembling the two layers together such that they merge to form a single consolidated block. The consolidated block achieving a roughly uniform distribution of composite filaments near the embedded fiber such that excess resin is prevented from "pooling" around the periphery of the fiber.

Bennett, Thomas E. (31 Portola Ct., Danville, CA 94506); Nelson, Drew V. (840 Cabot Ct., San Carlos, CA 94070)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Identify the Problem: Reduce Waste By  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identify the Problem: Reduce Waste By Banning Plastic Bag Use Define Goal: Is the ban the most The 2008 EPA report asserts that while paper waste has remained relatively constant at approximately 31%, plastic waste has been rising from 0.4% in 1960 to the present value at 12%a. San Francisco sets the goal

Iglesia, Enrique

85

Identifying important concepts from medical documents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Automated medical concept recognition is important for medical informatics such as medical document retrieval and text mining research. In this paper, we present a software tool called keyphrase identification program (KIP) for identifying topical concepts ... Keywords: Document keyphrase, Keyphrase extraction, Medical concepts, Medical documents, Noun phrase extraction, Text mining

Quanzhi Li; Yi-Fang Brook Wu

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Extra-long PCR, an identifier of DNA adducts in single nematodes (Caenorhabditis elegans)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extra-long PCR, an identifier of DNA adducts in single nematodes (Caenorhabditis elegans) Deborah A elegans). An extra-long (XL)-PCR (16,144 bp) target amplicon, the 11 exon spanning ced-1, could was assessed by means of a second, fully quantitative PCR. Following the normalization with an invariant

Neher, Deborah A.

87

Personally Identifiable Information | Scientific and Technical Information  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Personally Identifiable Information Personally Identifiable Information Print page Print page Email page Email page PII is any information about an individual which can be used to distinguish or trace an individual's identity. PII is categorized as either Public PII or Protected PII. Public PII is available in public sources such as telephone books, public websites, business cards, university listings, etc. Public PII does not require redaction prior to document submission to OSTI. Some common examples of Public PII include: · First and last name · Address · Work telephone number · E-mail address · Home telephone number · General educational credentials (e.g., those credentials typically found in resumes) Protected PII is defined as an individual's first name or first initial

88

Ion Technique for Identifying Gamma Detector Candidates  

SciTech Connect

Recent demands for radiation detector materials with better energy resolution at room temperature have prompted research efforts on both accelerated material discovery and efficient analysis techniques. Ions can easily deposit their energy in thin films or small crystals and the radiation response can be used to identify material properties relevant to detector performance. In an effort to identify gamma detector candidates using small crystals or film samples, an ion technique is developed to measure relative light yield and energy resolution of candidate materials and to evaluate radiation detection performance. Employing a unique time-of-flight (TOF) telescope, light yield and energy resolution resulting from ion excitation are investigated over a continuous energy region. The efficiency of this ion technique is demonstrated using both organic (plastic scintillator) and inorganic (CaF2:Eu, YAP:Ce, CsI:Tl and BGO) scintillators.

Zhang, Yanwen; Xiang, Xia; Rausch, Julie L.; Zu, Xiaotao T.; Weber, William J.

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Guidelines for identifying suspect/counterfeit material  

SciTech Connect

These guidelines are intended to assist users of products in identifying: substandard, misrepresented, or fraudulently marked items. The guidelines provide information about such topics as: precautions, inspection and testing, dispositioning identified items, installed inspection and reporting suspect/counterfeit materials. These guidelines apply to users who are developing procurement documents, product acceptance/verification methods, company procedures, work instructions, etc. The intent of these SM guidelines in relation to the Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) and implementing company Management Control Procedures is not to substitute or replace existing requirements, as defined in either the QAPD or company implementing instructions (Management Control Procedures). Instead, the guidelines are intended to provide a consolidated source of information addressing the issue of Suspect/Counterfeit materials. These guidelines provide an extensive suspect component listing and suspect indications listing. Users can quickly check their suspect items against the list of manufacturers products (i.e., type, LD. number, and nameplate information) by consulting either of these listings.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Identifying Opportunities for Industrial Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Energy Productivity Center of the Mellon Institute is engaged in a 2-year study to identify opportunities for improved U.S. industrial energy productivity. A distinguishing feature is the focus on energy services provided when fuels are consumed. The paper describes the Center's Least-Cost Energy Strategy, the Industrial Energy Productivity Project, and presents least-cost results for 1978 and for energy markets over the next two decades.

Hoffman, A. R.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Diffraction gratings used as identifying markers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A finely detailed defraction grating is applied to an object as an identifier or tag which is unambiguous, difficult to duplicate, or remove and transfer to another item, and can be read and compared with prior readings with relative ease. The exact pattern of the defraction grating is mapped by diffraction moire techniques and recorded for comparison with future readings of the same grating. 7 figs.

Deason, V.A.; Ward, M.B.

1989-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

92

Diffraction gratings used as identifying markers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A finely detailed diffraction grating is applied to an object as an identifier or tag which is unambiguous, difficult to duplicate, or remove and transfer to another item, and can be read and compared with prior readings with relative ease. The exact pattern of the diffraction grating is mapped by diffraction moire techniques and recorded for comparison with future readings of the same grating. 7 figures.

Deason, V.A.; Ward, M.B.

1991-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

93

Interrogator system for identifying electrical circuits  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for interrogating electrical leads to correctly ascertain the identity of equipment attached to remote ends of the leads. The system includes a source of a carrier signal generated in a controller/receiver to be sent over the leads and an identifier unit at the equipment. The identifier is activated by command of the carrier and uses a portion of the carrier to produce a supply voltage. Each identifier is uniquely programmed for a specific piece of equipment, and causes the impedance of the circuit to be modified whereby the carrier signal is modulated according to that program. The modulation can be amplitude, frequency or phase modulation. A demodulator in the controller/receiver analyzes the modulated carrier signal, and if a verified signal is recognized displays and/or records the information. This information can be utilized in a computer system to prepare a wiring diagram of the electrical equipment attached to specific leads. Specific circuit values are given for amplitude modulation, and the system is particularly described for use with thermocouples.

Jatko, William B. (10601 Rivermist La., Knoxville, TN 37922); McNeilly, David R. (Rte. 12, Box 538, Maryville, TN 37801)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Interrogator system for identifying electrical circuits  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for interrogating electrical leads to correctly ascertain the identity of equipment attached to remote ends of the leads is disclosed. The system includes a source of a carrier signal generated in a controller/receiver to be sent over the leads and an identifier unit at the equipment. The identifier is activated by command of the carrier and uses a portion of the carrier to produce a supply voltage. Each identifier is uniquely programmed for a specific piece of equipment, and causes the impedance of the circuit to be modified whereby the carrier signal is modulated according to that program. The modulation can be amplitude, frequency or phase modulation. A demodulator in the controller/receiver analyzes the modulated carrier signal, and if a verified signal is recognized displays and/or records the information. This information can be utilized in a computer system to prepare a wiring diagram of the electrical equipment attached to specific leads. Specific circuit values are given for amplitude modulation, and the system is particularly described for use with thermocouples. 6 figs.

Jatko, W.B.; McNeilly, D.R.

1988-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

95

Poverty targeting : money attitudes and behaviours of women in the Philippine "Gawad Kalinga" (GK - Give Care) communities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The reduction of high poverty incidence in the Philippines is a major governance objective. Poverty targeting is a strategy to identify the factors that will (more)

Arawiran-Ramirez, Gilda

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Identifying news videos' ideological perspectives using emphatic patterns of visual concepts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Television news has become the predominant way of understanding the world around us, but individual news broadcasters can frame or mislead an audience's understanding of political and social issues. We are developing a computer system that can automatically ... Keywords: broadcast news, classification, ideological perspectives, machine learning, visual concept

Wei-Hao Lin; Alexander Haputmann

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Identifying Needed Capabilities in Multifamily Models  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identifying Needed Capabilities in Multifamily Models Building America Technical Update Meeting Eric Wilson April 30, 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Definitions Current definitions for HSP/BEopt: Single Family Attached = Townhouses, row houses, duplexes Multifamily Buildings = 5+ units; shared floors/ceilings 2 Single Family Attached - Rowhouses 3 Multifamily - Stacked Units * Enable Superinsulated Slab and Roof options in Option Manager 4 Multifamily Modeling Needs * Adiabatic shared walls, floors, and ceilings * Unit multipliers  Whole-Building Model * Corridors * Common Areas * Operating Conditions (Benchmark)

98

100-K Target Analyte List Development for Soil  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the process used to identify source area target analytes in support of the 100-K Area remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) addendum to the Integrated 100 Area Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study Work Plan (DOE/RL-2008-46, Rev. 0).

Ovink, R.

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

99

100-F Target Analyte List Development for Soil  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the process used to identify source area target analytes in support of the 100-F Area remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) addendum to the Integrated 100 Area Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study Work Plan (DOE/RL-2008-46, Rev. 0).

Ovink, R.

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

100

Countdown to Fixed Target INSIDE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

17, 1996 17, 1996 Number 10 Countdown to Fixed Target INSIDE 2 University Close-Up: The University of Illinois 4 Tollestrup Elected to National Academy 5 Bardeen Receives Sakurai Prize 6 Take Your Daughters and Sons to Work Day "At this moment," Fermilab Director John Peoples told the House Subcommittee on Energy and Environment in testimony deliv- ered in Washington on May 8, "Fermilab is in the midst of the transition from collider opera- tions to fixed-target operations. In June, we will begin extracting a beam of protons from the Tevatron, the highest-energy external beam in the world. By directing this beam onto eight targets we will create eight distinct particle beams that will in turn support 10 unique experiments. Although fixed-target experi- ments cannot explore the high-energy frontier

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Multiple agents moving target search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditional single-agent search algorithms usually make simplifying assumptions (single search agent, stationary target, complete knowledge of the state, and sufficient time). There are algorithms for relaxing one or two of these constraints; in this ...

Mark Goldenberg; Alexander Kovarsky; Xiaomeng Wu; Jonathan Schaeffer

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Targeted Advertising ... And Privacy Too  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Web presents a rich and powerful tool for aggregation of consumer information. A flurry of recent articles in the popular press has documented aggressive manipulation of such information by some companies for the purposes of targeted advertising. ...

Ari Juels

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Improving translation via targeted paraphrasing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Targeted paraphrasing is a new approach to the problem of obtaining cost-effective, reasonable quality translation that makes use of simple and inexpensive human computations by monolingual speakers in combination with machine translation. The key insight ...

Philip Resnik; Olivia Buzek; Chang Hu; Yakov Kronrod; Alex Quinn; Benjamin B. Bederson

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

National Ignition Facility Target Chamber  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

On June 11, 1999 the Department of Energy dedicated the single largest piece of the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in Livermore, California. The ten (10) meter diameter aluminum target high vacuum chamber will serve as the working end of the largest laser in the world. The output of 192 laser beams will converge at the precise center of the chamber. The laser beams will enter the chamber in two by two arrays to illuminate 10 millimeter long gold cylinders called hohlraums enclosing 2 millimeter capsule containing deuterium, tritium and isotopes of hydrogen. The two isotopes will fuse, thereby creating temperatures and pressures resembling those found only inside stars and in detonated nuclear weapons, but on a minute scale. The NIF Project will serve as an essential facility to insure safety and reliability of our nation's nuclear arsenal as well as demonstrating inertial fusion's contribution to creating electrical power. The paper will discuss the requirements that had to be addressed during the design, fabrication and testing of the target chamber. A team from Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and LLNL with input from industry performed the configuration and basic design of the target chamber. The method of fabrication and construction of the aluminum target chamber was devised by Pitt-Des Moines, Inc. (PDM). PDM also participated in the design of the chamber in areas such as the Target Chamber Realignment and Adjustment System, which would allow realignment of the sphere laser beams in the event of earth settlement or movement from a seismic event. During the fabrication of the target chamber the sphericity tolerances had to be addressed for the individual plates. Procedures were developed for forming, edge preparation and welding of individual plates. Construction plans were developed to allow the field construction of the target chamber to occur parallel to other NIF construction activities. This was necessary to achieve the overall schedule. Plans had to be developed for the precise location and alignment of laser beam ports. Upon completion of the fabrication of the aluminum target chamber in a temporary structure the 130 ton sphere was moved from the temporary construction enclosure to its final location in the target building. Prior to the installation of a concrete shield and after completion of the welding of the chamber penetrations vacuum leak checking was performed to insure the vacuum integrity of target chamber. The entire spherical chamber external surface supports a 40 cm thick reinforced concrete shield after installation in the target building. The final task is a total survey of the laser ports and the contour machining of spacer plates so that laser devices attached to these ports meet the alignment criteria.

Wavrik, R W; Cox, J R; Fleming, P J

2000-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

105

Los Alamos identifies internal material control issue  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Internal material control issue Internal material control issue Los Alamos identifies internal material control issue The error relates to internal inventory and accounting that documents movement of sensitive materials within a small portion of Technical Area 55. February 26, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

106

Identifying AFDC Regions: A Cluster Analysis Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this report identifies six distinct Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) regions. Among the more striking results is the emergence of two regions---Central Cities and Hispanic Rural---with unique patterns of welfare usage and demographic characteristics. Also, rural Minnesota is divided into four separate regions with unique characteristics. This information is intended to help policymakers and others interested in the welfare system to better understand the geographic pattern of AFDC recipiency. This report is the first in a series of working papers regarding welfare and welfare reform. This report was prepared by DON HIRASUNA, Legislative Analyst in the House Research Department. Questions may be addressed to DON at 651-296-8038. JULIE FRANTUM

Don Hirasuna; Series One

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Method of identifying features in indexed data  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a method of identifying features in indexed data, especially useful for distinguishing signal from noise in data provided as a plurality of ordered pairs. Each of the plurality of ordered pairs has an index and a response. The method has the steps of: (a) providing an index window having a first window end located on a first index and extending across a plurality of indices to a second window end; (b) selecting responses corresponding to the plurality of indices within the index window and computing a measure of dispersion of the responses; and (c) comparing the measure of dispersion to a dispersion critical value. Advantages of the present invention include minimizing signal to noise ratio, signal drift, varying baseline signal and combinations thereof.

Jarman, Kristin H. (Richland, WA); Daly, Don Simone (Richland, WA); Anderson, Kevin K. (Richland, WA); Wahl, Karen L. (Richland, WA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Targets and methods for target preparation for radionuclide production  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to nuclear technology, and to irradiation targets and their preparation. One embodiment of the present invention includes a method for preparation of a target containing intermetallic composition of antimony Ti--Sb, Al--Sb, Cu--Sb, or Ni--Sb in order to produce radionuclides (e.g., tin-117 m) with a beam of accelerated particles. The intermetallic compounds of antimony can be welded by means of diffusion welding to a copper backing cooled during irradiation on the beam of accelerated particles. Another target can be encapsulated into a shell made of metallic niobium, stainless steel, nickel or titanium cooled outside by water during irradiation. Titanium shell can be plated outside by nickel to avoid interaction with the cooling water.

Zhuikov, Boris L; Konyakhin, Nicolai A; Kokhanyuk, Vladimir M; Srivastava, Suresh C

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

109

Identifying Wind and Solar Ramping Events: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind and solar power are playing an increasing role in the electrical grid, but their inherent power variability can augment uncertainties in power system operations. One solution to help mitigate the impacts and provide more flexibility is enhanced wind and solar power forecasting; however, its relative utility is also uncertain. Within the variability of solar and wind power, repercussions from large ramping events are of primary concern. At the same time, there is no clear definition of what constitutes a ramping event, with various criteria used in different operational areas. Here the Swinging Door Algorithm, originally used for data compression in trend logging, is applied to identify variable generation ramping events from historic operational data. The identification of ramps in a simple and automated fashion is a critical task that feeds into a larger work of 1) defining novel metrics for wind and solar power forecasting that attempt to capture the true impact of forecast errors on system operations and economics, and 2) informing various power system models in a data-driven manner for superior exploratory simulation research. Both allow inference on sensitivities and meaningful correlations, as well as the ability to quantify the value of probabilistic approaches for future use in practice.

Florita, A.; Hodge, B. M.; Orwig, K.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Using PharmGKB to train text mining approaches for identifying potential gene targets for pharmacogenomic studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using PharmGKB, a pharmacogenomic database, as a source of training data in combination with text of MEDLINE abstracts for a text mining approach to identification of potential gene ... Keywords: Gene-drug associations, Pathway-driven analysis, PharmGKB, Pharmacogenomics, Support vector machine, Text mining

S. Pakhomov; B. T. Mcinnes; J. Lamba; Y. Liu; G. B. Melton; Y. Ghodke; N. Bhise; V. Lamba; A. K. Birnbaum

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Materials considerations in accelerator targets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future nuclear materials production and/or the burn-up of long lived radioisotopes may be accomplished through the capture of spallation produced neutrons in accelerators. Aluminum clad-lead and/or lead alloys has been proposed as a spallation target. Aluminum was the cladding choice because of the low neutron absorption cross section, fast radioactivity decay, high thermal conductivity, and excellent fabricability. Metallic lead and lead oxide powders were considered for the target core with the fabrication options being casting or powder metallurgy (PM). Scoping tests to evaluate gravity casting, squeeze casting, and casting and swaging processes showed that, based on fabricability and heat transfer considerations, squeeze casting was the preferred option for manufacture of targets with initial core cladding contact. Thousands of aluminum clad aluminum-lithium alloy core targets and control rods for tritium production have been fabricated by coextrusion processes and successfully irradiated in the SRS reactors. Tritium retention in, and release from the coextruded product was modeled from experimental and operational data. Newly produced tritium atoms were trapped by lithium atoms to form a lithium tritide. The effective tritium pressure required for trap or tritide stability was the equilibrium decomposition pressure of tritium over a lithium tritide-aluminum mixture. The temperature dependence of tritium release was determined by the permeability of the cladding to tritium and the local equilibrium at the trap sites. The model can be used to calculate tritium release from aluminum clad, aluminum-lithium alloy targets during postulated accelerator operational and accident conditions. This paper describes the manufacturing technologies evaluated and presents the model for tritium retention in aluminum clad, aluminum-lithium alloy tritium production targets.

Peacock, H.B. Jr.; Iyer, N.C.; Louthan, M.R. Jr. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States). Materials Technology Section

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Method for producing laser targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for producing deuterium targets or pellets of 25.mu. to 75.mu. diameter. The pellets are sliced from a continuously spun solid deuterium thread at a rate of up to 10 pellets/second. The pellets after being sliced from the continuous thread of deuterium are collimated and directed to a point of use, such as a laser activated combustion or explosion chamber wherein the pellets are imploded by laser energy or laser produced target plasmas for neutral beam injection.

Jarboe, Thomas R. (Oakland, CA); Baker, William R. (Orinda, CA)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Selection and optimization of gene targets for the metabolic engineering of E. coli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is about identifying genetic interventions that improve the performance of targeted pathways in the metabolism of the bacterium Escherichia coli. Three case studies illustrate three disparate approaches to ...

Fischer, Curt R., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Tracking highly maneuverable targets with unknown behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for maneuvering target tracking, IEEE Trans. Aerosp.converted measurements for tracking, IEEE Trans. Aerosp.particle filters for tracking a maneuvering target, in

Schell, C; Linder, S P; Zeidler, J R

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

EPA's Target Finder calculator | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sample in the nation, plus have it normalized for size, operating characteristics, and weather. Target Finder Access ENERGY STAR Target Finder When to use Portfolio Manager instead...

116

Energy Efficiency Targets | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Targets Energy Efficiency Targets Eligibility Utility Program Information Maine Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard In June 2009, Maine enacted the ''Act Regarding...

117

Evolutionary Drift Models for Moving Target Defense  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the biggest challenges faced by cyber defenders is that attacks evolve more rapidly than our ability to recognize them. We propose a moving target defense concept in which the means of detection is set in motion. This is done by moving away from static signature-based detection and instead adopting biological modeling techniques that describe families of related sequences. We present here one example for how to apply evolutionary models to cyber sequences, and demonstrate the feasibility of this technique on analysis of a complex, evolving software project. Specifically, we applied sequence-based and profile-based evolutionary models and report the ability of these models to recognize highly volatile code regions. We found that different drift models reliably identify different types of evolutionarily related code regions. The impact is that these (and possibly other) evolutionary models could be used in a moving target defense in which the "signature" being used to detect sequence-based behaviors is not a fixed signature but one that can recognize new variants of a known family based on multiple evolutionary models.

Oehmen, Christopher S.; Peterson, Elena S.; Teuton, Jeremy R.

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

118

Robust Vision-based Underwater Target Identification & Homing Using Self-Similar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robust Vision-based Underwater Target Identification & Homing Using Self-Similar Landmarks Amaury. Next generation Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) will be re- quired to robustly identify underwater targets for tasks such as inspection, locali- sation and docking. Given their often unstructured

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

119

Foam shell cryogenic ICF target  

SciTech Connect

A uniform cryogenic layer of DT fuel is maintained in a fusion target having a low density, small pore size, low Z rigid foam shell saturated with liquid DT fuel. Capillary action prevents gravitational slumping of the fuel layer. The saturated shell may be cooled to produce a solid fuel layer.

Darling, Dale H. (Pleasanton, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Property:Audience | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for this property are: Private Companies City and County Officials Municipal and Sustainability Planners Political Leaders Economic Development Officials Indian Tribes Community...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Customize the Message to the Audience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Awareness Increase the Security of the Classified Networks Develop a Government Wide Cyber Counterintelligence Plan Define ...

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

122

An Introduction for Business Audiences Executive Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solutions. Also, it explains how Microsoft® System Center Mobile Device Manager 2008 offers a security management tasks. Organizations need a single point of management to reduce IT costs and complexity. System of deployment and maintenance and boosting employee performance. Mobile Device Manager SP1 Enhancements Mobile

Narasayya, Vivek

123

Method for Non-Intrusively Identifying a Contained Material Utilizing Uncollided Nuclear Transmission Measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved nuclear diagnostic method identifies a contained target material by measuring on-axis, mono-energetic uncollided particle radiation transmitted through a target material for two penetrating radiation beam energies, and applying specially developed algorithms to estimate a ratio of macroscopic neutron cross-sections for the uncollided particle radiation at the two energies, where the penetrating radiation is a neutron beam, or a ratio of linear attenuation coefficients for the uncollided particle radiation at the two energies, where the penetrating radiation is a gamma-ray beam. Alternatively, the measurements are used to derive a minimization formula based on the macroscopic neutron cross-sections for the uncollided particle radiation at the two neutron beam energies, or the linear attenuation coefficients for the uncollided particle radiation at the two gamma-ray beam energies. A candidate target material database, including known macroscopic neutron cross-sections or linear attenuation coefficients for target materials at the selected neutron or gamma-ray beam energies, is used to approximate the estimated ratio or to solve the minimization formula, such that the identity of the contained target material is discovered.

Morrison, John L.; Stephens, Alan G.; Grover Blaine S.

1999-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

124

FY 2012 Highlighted Sustainable Targets and Initiatives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Joint Environmental Management System (EMS) GoalsFY 2012 Highlighted Sustainable Targets and Initiatives

125

Efficient search algorithms for RNAi target detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RNA interference (RNAi) is a posttranscriptional gene silencing mechanism used to study gene functions, inhibit viral activities, and treat diseases therapeutically. However, RNAi has off-target effects--non-target genes can be unintentionally silenced. ... Keywords: Off-target, RNAi target detection, Reverse string search, String inexact matching, String kernels, siRNA seed region

Shibin Qiu; Terran Lane; Cundong Yang

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Identify and Reward Green Meeting Space with Your Business |...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation Third-party resources Utilities Energy efficiency program administrators Sector-specific resources Auto dealer...

127

Identifying Cost-Effective Residential Energy Efficiency Opportunities...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identifying Cost-Effective Residential Energy Efficiency Opportunities for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative Identifying Cost-Effective Residential Energy Efficiency...

128

Identify and Protect Your Vital Records | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Your Vital Records IDENTIFY AND PROTECT YOUR VITAL RECORDS (2).pdf More Documents & Publications IDENTIFY AND PROTECT YOUR VITAL RECORDS Untitled (2).PDF Audit Report: DOEIG-0838...

129

Multishell inertial confinement fusion target  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of fabricating multishell fuel targets for inertial confinement fusion usage. Sacrificial hemispherical molds encapsulate a concentric fuel pellet which is positioned by fiber nets stretched tautly across each hemispherical mold section. The fiber ends of the net protrude outwardly beyond the mold surfaces. The joint between the sacrificial hemispheres is smoothed. A ceramic or glass cover is then deposited about the finished mold surfaces to produce an inner spherical surface having continuously smooth surface configuration. The sacrificial mold is removed by gaseous reactions accomplished through the porous ceramic cover prior to enclosing of the outer sphere by addition of an outer coating. The multishell target comprises the inner fuel pellet concentrically arranged within a surrounding coated cover or shell by fiber nets imbedded within the cover material.

Holland, James R. (Butler, PA); Del Vecchio, Robert M. (Vandergrift, PA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Multishell inertial confinement fusion target  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of fabricating multishell fuel targets for inertial confinement fusion usage. Sacrificial hemispherical molds encapsulate a concentric fuel pellet which is positioned by fiber nets stretched tautly across each hemispherical mold section. The fiber ends of the net protrude outwardly beyond the mold surfaces. The joint between the sacrificial hemispheres is smoothed. A ceramic or glass cover is then deposited about the finished mold surfaces to produce an inner spherical surface having continuously smooth surface configuration. The sacrificial mold is removed by gaseous reaction accomplished through the porous ceramic cover prior to enclosing of the outer sphere by addition of an outer coating. The multishell target comprises the inner fuel pellet concentrically arranged within a surrounding coated cover or shell by fiber nets imbedded within the cover material.

Holland, James R. (Butler, PA); Del Vecchio, Robert M. (Vandergrift, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Target preparations and thickness measurements  

SciTech Connect

A wide variety of isotope target preparative methods have been used, including rolling of metals, vapor deposition, electrodeposition, chemical vapor deposition, and sputtering, to obtain thin and thick films of most elements or compounds of elements in the Periodic Table. Most thin films prepared for use in self-supported form as well as those deposited on substrates require thickness measurement (atom count and distribution) and/or thickness uniformity determination before being used in nuclear research. Preparative methods are described together with thickness and uniformity determination procedures applicable to samples being prepared (in situ) and to completed samples. Only nondestructive methods are considered applicable to target samples prepared by the ORNL Solid State Division, Isotope Research Materials Laboratory. Thickness or areal density measurements of sufficient sophistication to yield errors of less than +-1 percent have been achieved with regularity. A statistical analysis procedure is applied which avoids error caused by balance zero-point drift in direct weight measurement methods. (auth)

Adair, H.L.; Kobisk, E.H.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Property:Geothermal/TargetsMilestones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TargetsMilestones TargetsMilestones Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Geothermal/TargetsMilestones Property Type Text Description Targets / Milestones Pages using the property "Geothermal/TargetsMilestones" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A 3D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the Seismic Response of Fractures and Permeable Zones Over a Known Geothermal Resource at Soda Lake, Churchill Co., NV Geothermal Project + The basics of this technology were developed by the oil and gas industry to discern petrologic characteristics of hydrocarbon reservoirs, but the techniques have never been applied to definition and characterization of permeable zones associated with geothermal resources. There is a substantial amount of existing geophysical and wellbore data for the area, and these data will be complemented with modern, state-of-the-art reflection seismic data. Three-component geophones will record full-fold compressional p-wave, converted-wave, and shear-wave data over the 2.5 square miles of proven geothermal resource. The proposed 3D seismic survey involves the generation of ground vibration by "vibroseis" equipment along source points and the recording of reflected sound waves and patterns arising from the different underground geologic strata along receiver lines. The proposed source points are arranged into source lines that run northeast to southwest and are oriented perpendicular to the receiver lines, which run northwest to southeast within the boundary of the project area. The data will be processed first in a conventional way to identify anomalous zones, to which specialized attribute processing will be applied. The results of the processing will be made accessible in a GIS format to facilitate visualization of interrelationships among the data and to build conceptual geologic and/or geothermal reservoir models and define drilling targets.

133

Coherent Communications, Imaging and Targeting  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory and field demonstration results obtained as part of the DARPA-sponsored Coherent Communications, Imaging and Targeting (CCIT) program are reviewed. The CCIT concept uses a Phase Conjugation Engine based on a quadrature receiver array, a hologram processor and a spatial light modulator (SLM) for high-speed, digital beam control. Progress on the enabling MEMS SLM, being developed by a consortium consisting of LLNL, academic institutions and small businesses, is presented.

Stappaerts, E; Baker, K; Gavel, D; Wilks, S; Olivier, S; Brase, J; Olivier, S; Brase, J

2003-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

134

source_target+_rev11.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4-1 - April 15 4-1 - April 15 th , 2000 4. Target System and Support Facility 4.1 Overview The target facility extends from the pre-target primary beam focusing to the end of the decay channel. Technical components include the target, beam absorber, and solenoid magnetic field focusing system. While the ultimate goal is to target approximately 4 MW of proton beam in the target area, smaller values and different target materials (low Z etc.) are considered for the first phase of operation. Chosen initially is a carbon target with incident primary beam power of 1.5 MW. The target is embedded in a high field solenoid magnet of 20 Tesla, and followed by a matching section channel, where the field tapers down to 1.25 T. An iterative design process has been carried out in optimizing Monte

135

LIFE Target Fabrication Research Plan Sept 2008  

SciTech Connect

The target-system for the baseline LIFE fast-ignition target was analyzed to establish a preliminary estimate for the costs and complexities involved in demonstrating the technologies needed to build a prototype LIFE plant. The baseline fast-ignition target upon which this analysis was developed is shown in Figure 1.0-1 below. The LIFE target-system incorporates requirements for low-cost, high throughput manufacture, high-speed, high accuracy injection of the target into the chamber, production of sufficient energy from implosion and recovery and recycle of the imploded target material residue. None of these functions has been demonstrated to date. Existing target fabrication techniques which lead to current 'hot spot' target costs of {approx}$100,000 per target and at a production rate of 2/day are unacceptable for the LIFE program. Fabrication techniques normally used for low-cost, low accuracy consumer products such as toys must be adapted to the high-accuracy LIFE target. This will be challenge. A research program resulting is the demonstration of the target-cycle technologies needed for a prototype LIFE reactor is expected to cost {approx}$51M over the course of 5 years. The effort will result in targets which will cost an estimated $0.23/target at a rep-rate of 20 Hz or about 1.73M targets/day.

Miles, R; Biener, J; Kucheyev, S; Montesanti, R; Satcher, J; Spadaccini, C; Rose, K; Wang, M; Hamza, A; Alexander, N; Brown, L; Hund, J; Petzoldt, R; Sweet, W; Goodin, D

2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

136

Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Identify Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional

137

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 3: Identify and Engage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: 3: Identify and Engage Financial Partners to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 3: Identify and Engage Financial Partners on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 3: Identify and Engage Financial Partners on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 3: Identify and Engage Financial Partners on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 3: Identify and Engage Financial Partners on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 3: Identify and Engage Financial Partners on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 3: Identify and Engage Financial Partners on AddThis.com... Getting Started Driving Demand Financing Assess the Market

138

Independent Oversight Targeted Review, Sandia National Laboratories -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Targeted Review, Sandia National Laboratories Targeted Review, Sandia National Laboratories - November 2013 Independent Oversight Targeted Review, Sandia National Laboratories - November 2013 December 2013 Targeted Review of Activity-Level Implementation of Radiological Controls at Sandia National Laboratories This report documents the results of an independent oversight targeted review of radiological protection program activity-level implementation for Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), Technical Area V facilities. SNL is managed by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, under contract to the Department of Energy (DOE) and is overseen by the National Nuclear Security Administration and its Sandia Field Office. This targeted review was performed at SNL September 23-27,

139

Nanoparticles for targeting the infarcted heart  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a nanoparticulate system capable of targeting the heart after myocardial infarction (MI). Targeting is based on overexpression of angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor in the infarcted heart. Liposomes 142 nm in ...

Dvir, Tal

140

Targets and processes for fabricating same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In particular embodiments, the present disclosure provides targets including a metal layer and defining a hollow inner surface. The hollow inner surface has an internal apex. The distance between at least two opposing points of the internal apex is less than about 15 .mu.m. In particular examples, the distance is less than about 1 .mu.m. Particular implementations of the targets are free standing. The targets have a number of disclosed shaped, including cones, pyramids, hemispheres, and capped structures. The present disclosure also provides arrays of such targets. Also provided are methods of forming targets, such as the disclosed targets, using lithographic techniques, such as photolithographic techniques. In particular examples, a target mold is formed from a silicon wafer and then one or more sides of the mold are coated with a target material, such as one or more metals.

Cowan, Thomas (Dresden, DE); Malekos, Steven (Reno, NV); Korgan, Grant (Reno, NV); Adams, Jesse (Reno, NV); Sentoku, Yasuhiko (Reno, NV); Le Galloudec, Nathalie (Reno, NV); Fuchs, Julien (Paris, FR)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

On target tracking with binary proximity sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the use of binary proximity sensors for tracking targets. Such sensors provide only 1-bit information regarding a target's presence or absence in their vicinity, albeit with less than 100% reliability. A novel tracking method employing such ...

Wooyoung Kim; Kirill Mechitov; Jeung-Yoon Choi; Soo Ham

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Range resolution of unequal strength targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the problem of resolving targets whose amplitudes may differ. A common metric used for resolution that assumes targets of equal strength is modified for the subject scenario. An expression for range ...

Carlson, Blair D.

143

Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rules for Sustainability to someone by E-mail Rules for Sustainability to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance

144

Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Roles for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Roles for Sustainability to someone by E-mail Roles for Sustainability to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Roles for Sustainability on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Roles for Sustainability on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Roles for Sustainability on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Roles for Sustainability on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Roles for Sustainability on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Roles for Sustainability on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance

145

Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Tools for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tools for Sustainability to someone by E-mail Tools for Sustainability to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Tools for Sustainability on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Tools for Sustainability on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Tools for Sustainability on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Tools for Sustainability on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Tools for Sustainability on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Tools for Sustainability on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance

146

Workshop on polarized targets and materials. Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Summaries are given of presentations of developments in: irradiated ammonia; polarized atomic hydrogen; polarized target technology; and chemical doping. (GHT)

Hill, D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Potential Prognostic Markers and Therapeutic Targets for ...  

Biofuels; Biotechnology & Medicine. Diagnostics and Therapeutics; ... A Fundamental Prognostic Marker and Therapeutic Target for Metastatic Breast Cancer, IB-2186;

148

The Target Market for Methanol Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be to place a surcharge on dirtier fuels (e g gasoline) as asurcharge specifically targeted to supporting cleaner fuels and

Sperling, Daniel

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Ninth target fabrication specialists` meeting: Proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains a collection of viewgraphs and short papers on target fabrication for inertial confinement purposes.

Not Available

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

150

Targeted Mutagenesis Tool in Mesophilic Cellulolytic ...  

Biomass and Biofuels Targeted Mutagenesis Tool in Mesophilic Cellulolytic Clostridia Species Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Contact ORNL About This ...

151

Target tracking with binary proximity sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We explore fundamental performance limits of tracking a target in a two-dimensional field of binary proximity sensors, and design algorithms that attain those limits while providing minimal descriptions of the estimated target trajectory. Using geometric ... Keywords: Sensor networks, binary sensing, distributed algorithms, fundamental limits, target tracking

Nisheeth Shrivastava; Raghuraman Mudumbai; Upamanyu Madhow; Subhash Suri

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Automated laser fusion target production concept  

SciTech Connect

A target production concept is described for the production of multilayered cryogenic spherical inertial confinement fusion targets. The facility is to deliver targets to the reactor chamber at rates up to 10 per second and at costs consistent with economic production of power.

Hendricks, C.D.

1977-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

153

Cortical-Hippocampal Auditory Processing Identified by Magnetoencephalography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We recorded magnetic and electrical responses simultaneously in an auditory detection task to elucidate the brain areas involved in auditory processing.Target stimuli evoked magnetic fields peaking at approximately the same latency of around about 400 ...

Nobuyuki Nishitani; Takashi Nagamine; Naohito Fujiwara; Shogo Yazawa; Hiroshi Shibasaki

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Identifying Infill Locations and Underperformer Wells in Mature Fields using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identifying Infill Locations and Underperformer Wells in Mature Fields using Monthly Production wells rather than the entire field. #12;Introduction Objective Methodology Results Conclusion Objective field. Identify opportunities in mature fields: Sweet spots for infill drilling. Underperformer wells

Mohaghegh, Shahab

155

Workshop to Identify Strategies to Get to Net Zero Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1 A Residential Energy Efficiency Meeting sponsored by DOE's Building America Building Technologies Program in July 2010 identified the ...

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

156

New Report Identifies Strategies to Achieve Net-Zero Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Report Identifies Strategies to Achieve Net-Zero Energy Homes. From NIST Tech Beat: May 14, 2013. ...

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

157

JGI - 2009 Genome Sequencing Targets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July 2, 2008 July 2, 2008 Pine Tree, Boat-Boring Bivalve "Bugs", Duck Weed, Oil-Producing Microalgae, Stinkbird Gut, 40 Others Top DOE Joint Genome Institute 2009 Genome Sequencing Targets WALNUT CREEK, CA-In the continuing effort to tap the vast, unexplored reaches of the earth's microbial and plant domains for bioenergy and environmental applications, the DOE Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) has announced its latest portfolio of DNA sequencing projects that it will undertake in the coming year. The 44 projects, culled from nearly 150 proposals received through the Community Sequencing Program (CSP), represent over 60 billion nucleotides of data to be generated through this biodiversity sampling campaign-roughly the equivalent of 20 human genomes. "The scientific and technological advances enabled by the information

158

Liquid Hydrogen Target Experience at SLAC  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Liquid hydrogen targets have played a vital role in the physics program at SLAC for the past 40 years. These targets have ranged from small ''beer can'' targets to the 1.5 m long E158 target that was capable of absorbing up to 800 W without any significant density changes. Successful use of these targets has required the development of thin wall designs, liquid hydrogen pumps, remote positioning and alignment systems, safety systems, control and data acquisition systems, cryogenic cooling circuits and heat exchangers. Detailed operating procedures have been created to ensure safety and operational reliability. This paper surveys the evolution of liquid hydrogen targets at SLAC and discusses advances in several of the enabling technologies that made these targets possible.

Weisend, J.G.; Boyce, R.; Candia, A.; Kaminskas, W.; Mark, J.; Racine, M.; St. Lorant, S.; Weber, T.; /SLAC; Arnold, R.; Bosted, P.; /Massachusetts U., Amherst; Carr, R.; Gao, J.; Jones, C.E.; McKeown, R.; /Caltech

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

159

Frequency-dependent processing and interpretation (FDPI) of seismic data for identifying, imaging and monitoring fluid-saturated underground reservoirs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for identifying, imaging and monitoring dry or fluid-saturated underground reservoirs using seismic waves reflected from target porous or fractured layers is set forth. Seismic imaging the porous or fractured layer occurs by low pass filtering of the windowed reflections from the target porous or fractured layers leaving frequencies below low-most corner (or full width at half maximum) of a recorded frequency spectra. Additionally, the ratio of image amplitudes is shown to be approximately proportional to reservoir permeability, viscosity of fluid, and the fluid saturation of the porous or fractured layers.

Goloshubin, Gennady M. (Sugar Land, TX); Korneev, Valeri A. (Lafayette, CA)

2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

160

© Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Successful Marketing Tactics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Successful Marketing Tactics for Government Contracts Beth Goldstein Gloria Berthold Larkin © Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Beth Goldstein * President, Sales & Marketing Consultant * Entrepreneurship Educator * Author and Trainer on Small Business Growth 2 © Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Gloria Berthold Larkin * President * Federal Business Development expert, recently quoted in the Wall Street Journal and TheStreet.com * -Author of The Basic Guide to Government Contracting: How to Build a Successful Business Selling Your Products and Services to the U.S. Federal Government 3 © Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Today's Agenda ü Identifying

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability October 8, 2013 - 11:43am Addthis Graphic showing 5 gears. They progress from Determine Goal to Identify Context-Rules, Roles and Tools to Develop Action Plan to Implement Plan to Measure and Evaluate. Institutional Change Continuous Improvement Cycle After determining your agency's institutional change sustainability goals, the next step is to analyze the context within which these goals are to be achieved. Start by identifying the organizational rules, roles, and tools that shape the current context and may influence success in achieving these goals. Identifying the linkages among rules, roles, and tools and how they

162

Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar April 30, 2014 11:00AM MDT Attendees will understand the components of identifying energy project potential and options. Presenters will discuss market considerations, initial site considerations, project savings or rate-of-return estimates, production potential, final site selection, tribal options, finance, partnerships, and participation processes. Attendees will also become familiar with data gathering and analysis procedures such as tribal facility electric cost data, regulations, and interconnection requirements; paths to market for project power; and renewable sales, risks; and utility rules. By following the steps outlined in the webinar, Tribes can determine

163

Report Identifies Three Key R&D Priorities for Future ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program. For more details, see Report Identifies Three Key R&D Priorities for ...

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

164

Step 3. Identify the Appropriate Adoption Process and Framework...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3. Identify the Appropriate Adoption Process and Framework Description Once the code support infrastructure has established clear, measurable goals for a new energy code or update,...

165

Step 2. Identify a Code Support Infrastructure | Building Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2. Identify a Code Support Infrastructure Utilities can play several roles in support of building energy codes. Examples include partnering with states and localities during code...

166

Managing Your Energy: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Identifying Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LBNL-3714E ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Managing Your Energy An ENERGY STAR Guide for Identifying Energy Savings in Manufacturing Plants Ernst Worrell...

167

MATTERS IDENTIFIED AT THE OAK RIDGE OPERATIONS OFFICE DURING...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home MATTERS IDENTIFIED AT THE OAK RIDGE OPERATIONS OFFICE DURING THE AUDIT OF THE DEPARTMENT'S CONSOLIDATEDFISCAL YEAR...

168

Microsoft Word - IDENTIFY AND PROTECT YOUR VITAL RECORDS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and priorities for the allocation of all energy resource requirements * Identify energy facilities essential to the mobilization, deployment and sustainment of resources to...

169

DOE O 475.2A, Identifying Classified Information  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The Order establishes the program to identify information classified under the Atomic Energy Act [Restricted Data (RD), Formerly Restricted Data (FRD), and ...

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Moller Polarimetry with Atomic Hydrogen Targets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A proposal to use polarized atomic hydrogen gas as the target for electron beam polarimetry based on the Moller scattering is described. Such a gas, stored in an ultra-cold magnetic trap, would provide a target of practically 100\\% polarized electrons. It is conceivable to reach a $\\sim$0.3\\% systematic accuracy of the beam polarimetry with such a target. Feasibility studies for the CEBAF electron beam have been performed.

Eugene Chudakov

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Application of NMR Methods to Identify Detection Reagents for Use in the Development of Robust Nanosensors  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a powerful technique for studying bi-molecular interactions at the atomic scale. Our NMR lab is involved in the identification of small molecules, or ligands that bind to target protein receptors, such as tetanus (TeNT) and botulinum (BoNT) neurotoxins, anthrax proteins and HLA-DR10 receptors on non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cancer cells. Once low affinity binders are identified, they can be linked together to produce multidentate synthetic high affinity ligands (SHALs) that have very high specificity for their target protein receptors. An important nanotechnology application for SHALs is their use in the development of robust chemical sensors or biochips for the detection of pathogen proteins in environmental samples or body fluids. Here, we describe a recently developed NMR competition assay based on transferred nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy (trNOESY) that enables the identification of sets of ligands that bind to the same site, or a different site, on the surface of TeNT fragment C (TetC) than a known ''marker'' ligand, doxorubicin. Using this assay, we can identify the optimal pairs of ligands to be linked together for creating detection reagents, as well as estimate the relative binding constants for ligands competing for the same site.

Cosman, M; Krishnan, V V; Balhorn, R

2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

172

ALT-3 target design and simulations  

SciTech Connect

ALT-3 is an experiment being designed in collaboration between Russian VNIIEF scientists and LANL that aims to conduct high velocity material experiments to measure shock velocities and pressures near 1 TPa. The DEMG (Disck Explosive Magnetic Generator) is used to drive> 60MA currents to accelerate an aluminum liner to speeds in excess of 20 km/s. 1-D and 2-D simulations of the aluminum target are presented with information on the free surface velocity profile, the state of the target, and the shock velocity in the target. 2-D simulations are presented showing the different targets available as well as a scenario with a perturbed liner impacter.

Peterson, Jeffrey H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

173

The Target Market for Methanol Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be to place a surcharge on dirtier fuels (e.g. gasoline) assurcharge was specifically targeted to supporting cleaner fuels and

Sperling, Daniel; Setiawan, Winardi; Hungerford, David

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

S&TR | Meeting the Target Challenge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with a cryogenic layering and characterization station and a target positioner. Scanning electron microscope images of polystyrene beads in copper foams. Scanning electron...

175

Project Plan Remote Target Fabrication Refurbishment Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In early FY2009, the DOE Office of Science - Nuclear Physics Program reinstated a program for continued production of {sup 252}Cf and other transcurium isotopes at the Radiochemical Engineering Development Center (REDC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The FY2009 major elements of the workscope are as follows: (1) Recovery and processing of seven transuranium element targets undergoing irradiation at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at ORNL; (2) Development of a plan to manufacture new targets for irradiation beginning in early- to mid-FY10 to supply irradiated targets for processing Campaign 75 (TRU75); and (3) Refurbishment of the target manufacturing equipment to allow new target manufacture in early FY10 The {sup 252}Cf product from processing Campaign 74 (recently processed and currently shipping to customers) is expected to supply the domestic demands for a period of approximately two years. Therefore it is essential that new targets be introduced for irradiation by the second quarter of FY10 (HFIR cycle 427) to maintain supply of {sup 252}Cf; the average irradiation period is {approx}10 HFIR cycles, requiring about 1.5 calendar years. The strategy for continued production of {sup 252}Cf depends upon repairing and refurbishing the existing pellet and target fabrication equipment for one additional target production campaign. This equipment dates from the mid-1960s to the late 1980s, and during the last target fabrication campaign in 2005- 2006, a number of component failures and operations difficulties were encountered. It is expected that following the target fabrication and acceptance testing of the targets that will supply material for processing Campaign 75 a comprehensive upgrade and replacement of the remote hot-cell equipment will be required prior to subsequent campaigns. Such a major refit could start in early FY 2011 and would take about 2 years to complete. Scope and cost estimates for the repairs described herein were developed, and authorization for the work was received in July 2009 under the Remote Target Fabrication Refurbishment Task of the Enhanced Utilization of Isotope Facilities project (Project Identification Code 2005230) funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. The goal of this project is to recover the capability to produce 4-5 curium targets for the irradiation period starting with HFIR cycle 427, currently scheduled to begin 2/17/10. Assuming success, the equipment would then be used to fabricate 6-7 additional targets to hold for the next irradiation campaign specified by the program. Specific objectives are the return to functionality of the Cubicle 3 Pellet Fabrication Line; Cubicle 2 Target Assembly equipment; and Cubicle 1 Target Inspection and Final Assembly system.

Bell, Gary L [ORNL; Taylor, Robin D [ORNL

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Zebrafish promoter microarrays identify actively transcribed embryonic genes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or Cy-3 (pM/l)) X. Chip hybridization Probe preparation. 1. For each array, combine 5g Cy3 with 5g Cy5 sample. 2. Make following 2 mixes: 1. 1l Herring Sperm DNA 10g/l 5ul tRNA 10g/l 40l 1X Agilent control targets (cat no: 5185...

Wardle, Fiona C; Odom, Duncan T; Bell, George W; Yuan, Bingbing; Danford, Timothy W; Wiellette, Elizabeth L; Herbolsheimer, Elizabeth; Sive, Hazel L; Young, Richard A; Smith, James C

2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

177

IDENTIFYING FRACTURES AND FLUID TYPES USING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IDENTIFYING FRACTURES AND FLUID TYPES USING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY IDENTIFYING FRACTURES AND FLUID TYPES USING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: IDENTIFYING FRACTURES AND FLUID TYPES USING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Fluid Inclusion Stratigraphy (FIS) is a method currently being developed for use in geothermal systems to identify fractures and fluid types. This paper is the third in a series of papers on the development of FIS. Fluid inclusion gas chemistry is analyzed and plotted on well log diagrams. The working hypothesis is that select gaseous species and species ratios indicate areas of groundwater and reservoir fluid flow and reservoir seals. Previously we showed that FIS analyses identify fluid types and

178

Polarized hydrogen gas target. Closeout report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the equipment was to produce a polarized gas target for use as an internal target in storage rings. The part funded under this grant was the construction of the atomic-beam apparatus. In addition to the $300,000 award, $13,267 from DOE operating funds and $19,700 provided by the University was spent on the construction of the atomic beam apparatus. Certain other parts required for the experiments, like the target cell, the target vacuum chamber, and the detectors, were funded by the University of Wisconsin. The cost for installation of the target in the cooler ring at the Indiana University Cyclotron Facility was $2,400. The equipment became operational for the first time in August 1992, after the sixpole magnets, the delivery of which was delayed by more than 6 months because of manufacturing problems, were delivered. There followed a period of measurements to optimize the atomic-beam intensity. In 1992, further work was done using other sources of funds to augment the performance of the polarized gas target by means of radiofrequency (RF) transitions intended to double the degree of polarization of the target. Immediately after the above tests, the polarized gas target equipment was shipped to Bloomington, Indiana where installation in the proton storage ring was completed in July 1993.

NONE

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

179

Moller Polarimetry with Atomic Hydrogen Targets  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A novel proposal of using polarized atomic hydrogen gas, stored in an ultra-cold magnetic trap, as the target for electron beam polarimetry based on Moller scattering is discussed. Such a target of practically 100% polarized electrons could provide a superb systematic accuracy of about 0.5% for beam polarization measurements. The feasibility studies for the CEBAF electron beam have been performed.

Eugene Chudakov; Vladimir Luppov

2003-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

180

Optimal Adaptive Waveform Selection for Target Tracking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal Adaptive Waveform Selection for Target Tracking Barbara La Scala Mohammad Rezaeian Bill algorithms. This paper describes an optimal adaptive waveform selection algorithm for target tracking. An adap- tive scheduling algorithm that selects the waveforms to be used in future epochs based on current

Rezaeian, Mohammad-Jafar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Target assistance for subtly balancing competitive play  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In games where skills such as targeting are critical to winning, it is difficult for players with different skill levels to have a competitive and engaging experience. Although several mechanisms for accommodating different skill levels have been proposed, ... Keywords: competition, game balance, game design, target assistance

Scott Bateman; Regan L. Mandryk; Tadeusz Stach; Carl Gutwin

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Liner target interaction experiments on Pegasus II  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos High Energy Density Physics program uses capacitively driven low voltage, inductive-storage pulse power to implode cylindrical targets for hydrodynamics experiments. Once a precision driver liner was characterized an experimental series characterizing the aluminum target dynamics was performed. The target was developed for shock-induced quasi-particle ejecta experiments including holography. The concept for the Liner shock experiment is that the driver liner is used to impact the target liner which then accelerates toward a collimator with a slit in it. A shock wave is set up in the target liner and as the shock emerges from the back side of the target liner, ejecta are generated. By taking a laser hologram the particle distribution of the ejecta are hoped to be determined. The goal for the second experimental series was to characterize the target dynamics and not to measure and generate the ejecta. Only the results from the third shot, Pegasus II-26 fired April 26th, 1994, from the series is discussed in detail. The second experimental series successfully characterized the target dynamics necessary to move forward towards the planned quasi-ejecta experiments.

Hockaday, M.P.; Chrien, R.E.; Bartsch, R. [and others

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Computer vision aided target linked radiation imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we demonstrated an application of video tracking to radiation detection, where a vision-based tracking system enables a traditional CZT (cadmium zinc telluride)-based radiation imaging device to detect radioactive targets that are in motion. ... Keywords: Vehicles,Target tracking,Detectors,Radiation imaging,Cameras,Streaming media

Yi Yao

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Polarized proton target-IV. Operations manual  

SciTech Connect

Standard operating procedures are presented for the vacuum, cryogenic, and electronic systems of a polarized proton target. The systems are comprised of (1) a target cryostat; (2) a $sup 4$He pumping system; (3) a $sup 3$He pumping system; (4) a microwave system; (5) a magnet and power supply; (6) a computerized polarization monitor; and (7) miscellaneous auxiliary equipment. (PMA)

Hill, D.; Fletcher, O.; Moretti, A.; Onesto, F.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Setting targets for surrogate-based optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the context of surrogate-based optimization (SBO), most designers have still very little guidance on when to stop and how to use infill measures with target requirements (e.g., one-stage approach for goal seeking and optimization); the reason: optimum ... Keywords: Extreme value theory, Minimum estimates from sample data, Setting targets, Surrogate-based optimization

Nestor V. Queipo; Salvador Pintos; Efrain Nava

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

You Are A Target | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You Are A Target You Are A Target You Are A Target November 6, 2013 1:00PM EST Course Title: You Are A Target Course Start/End Date: November 6, 2013 Start/End Time: 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm Course Type: Classrooom. The Meet-Me-Conference number for presentations on 11/6/2013 is 301-903-0117, reservation #447671. Both presentations on 11/6/2013 will be available via VTC. The Germantown room # is B-025. Please contact HQ DOE VTC at vtc@doe.gov or call 301-903-4555 to add your site to the bridge (i.e., 4600). Course Location: Forrestal Large Auditorium Course Description: "You Are A Target" presentation by Lance Spitzner, Training Director, SANS Securing the Human Program. Every October and November, the Department of Energy (DOE) joins the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and other federal, state and local agencies across the

187

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OBJECTIVES AND TARGETS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Objectives & Targets Rev. 7/17/13 Objectives & Targets Rev. 7/17/13 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OBJECTIVES AND TARGETS 2012 PROGRESS REPORT for SOUTHWESTERN POWER ADMINISTRATION Activity Legal Requirement Aspect Objective Target** see important note Target Achieved Details Real Estate Management DOE O 436.1 E.O. 13423 & 13514 EPAct 1992 and 2005 EISA 2007 NECPA 1978 Natural resource depletion and GHG emissions from resource intensive facilities Increase sustainability of facility resources, reduce energy and water consumption, reduce impacts to natural resources from facility usage 1) Meter 90% of electricity by September 2012 2) Meter 90% of gas, steam, and water by September 2015 3) 30% energy intensity reduction by 2015 from baseline 2003 4) Reduce water consumption intensity 2%

188

The Jefferson Lab Frozen Spin Target  

SciTech Connect

A frozen spin polarized target, constructed at Jefferson Lab for use inside a large acceptance spectrometer, is described. The target has been utilized for photoproduction measurements with polarized tagged photons of both longitudinal and circular polarization. Protons in TEMPO-doped butanol were dynamically polarized to approximately 90% outside the spectrometer at 5 T and 200-300 mK. Photoproduction data were acquired with the target inside the spectrometer at a frozen-spin temperature of approximately 30 mK with the polarization maintained by a thin, superconducting coil installed inside the target cryostat. A 0.56 T solenoid was used for longitudinal target polarization and a 0.50 T dipole for transverse polarization. Spin relaxation times as high as 4000 hours were observed. We also report polarization results for deuterated propanediol doped with the trityl radical OX063.

Christopher Keith, James Brock, Christopher Carlin, Sara Comer, David Kashy, Josephine McAndrew, David Meekins, Eugene Pasyuk, Joshua Pierce, Mikell Seely

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Target Dependent Score Normalization Techniques and . . .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Score normalization methods in biometric verification, which encompass the more traditional user-dependent decision thresholding techniques, are reviewed from a test hypotheses point of view. These are classified into test dependent and target dependent methods. The focus of the paper is on target dependent methods, which are further classified into impostor-centric, target-centric and target-impostor. These are applied to an on-line signature verification system on signature data from SVC 2004. In particular, a target-centric technique based on a variant of the cross-validation procedure provides the best relative performance improvement both for skilled (19%) and random forgeries (53%) as compared to the raw verification performance without score normalization (7.14% EER and 1.06% EER for skilled and random forgeries respectively).

J. Fierrez-Aguilar; J. Ortega-Garcia; J. Gonzalez-Rodriguez

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Multishell inertial-confinement-fusion target  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This disclosure relates to fusion targets. It deals particularly with the production of multishell inertial confinement fusion targets. The fuel pellet within such targets is designed to compress isentropically under laser or particle irradiation. When a short pulse at extremely high power density strikes the target containing deuterium-tritium fuel, the resulting plasma is confined briefly by its own inertia. Thermonuclear energy can be released in less time than it takes the fuel pellet to blow apart. However, efficient thermonuclear burn requires that the plasma must remain intact at extremely high temperatures and densities for a time sufficient to allow a large fraction of the nuclei to react. Development of multishell targets has been directed at this problem.

Holland, J.R.; Del Vecchio, R.M.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Moving Target Detection and Tracking in FLIR Image Sequences Based on Thermal Target Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moving target detection and tracking is an important research field of video processing for its great potential in Military and Civil applications. Motion compensation, motion detection and target tracking are the three fundamental parts of such applications; ... Keywords: FLIR, Maneuver Target, STIP, OTSU

Jiping Xu; Ikram-ul-haq; Jie Chen; Lihua Dou; Zaiwen Liu

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Center Update: Chemicals, Petroleum, and Natural Gas Target: A Quarterly Progress Report to Target Members  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides the "work-in-progress" on all activities under the Chemicals, Petroleum, & Natural Gas Target. It is intended to keep the members of the Target informed of all activities being conducted under this Target. The CPNG Center is a contracted office in Houston that maintains the progress on the projects cited in this document.

1999-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

193

Energy Targeting Scoping Study Using Pinch Analysis at Skeena Cellulose Inc. in Prince Rupert, BC, Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

American Process Inc. carried out an energy targeting scoping study using pinch analysis for the Skeena Mill at Prince Rupert, British Columbia, Canada. The maximum potential process steam savings identified by pinch analysis is 316 MMBtu/h. The total identified opportunity, based on a C$36/MWh marginal purchased power cost, for cogeneration is approximately 3.83MW, whioh equates to approximately C$2,000,000/year in power costs.

2001-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

194

Identifying distributed generation and demand side management investment opportunities  

SciTech Connect

Electric utilities have historically satisfied customer demand by generating electricity centrally and distributing it through an extensive transmission and distribution network. The author examines targeted demand side management programs as an alternative to system capacity investments once capacity is exceeded. The paper presents an evaluation method to determine how much a utility can afford to pay for distributed resources. 17 refs., 2 figs, 1 tab.

Hoff, T.E. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

195

Property:IdentifiedHydrothermalPotential | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IdentifiedHydrothermalPotential IdentifiedHydrothermalPotential Jump to: navigation, search Property Name IdentifiedHydrothermalPotential Property Type Quantity Description Conventional hydrothermal electricity generation potential from identified hydrothermal sites, as determined by the USGS 2008 Geothermal Resource Assessment (Williams et al, 2008). Use this property to express potential electric energy generation, such as Nameplate Capacity. The default unit is megawatts (MW). For spatial capacity, use property Volume. Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: 1 MW,MWe,megawatt,Megawatt,MegaWatt,MEGAWATT,megawatts,Megawatt,MegaWatts,MEGAWATT,MEGAWATTS 1000 kW,kWe,KW,kilowatt,KiloWatt,KILOWATT,kilowatts,KiloWatts,KILOWATT,KILOWATTS 1000000 W,We,watt,watts,Watt,Watts,WATT,WATTS

196

Identifying best practices for supporting broadband growth: Methodology and analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a methodology for identifying best practices followed by various countries worldwide for supporting broadband growth. It also investigates and analyzes these practices using data concerning broadband penetration, access technologies, ... Keywords: Best practices, Broadband, Telecommunications policies

C. Bouras; E. Giannaka; Thrasyvoulos Tsiatsos

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Identifying Non-Federal Cooperating Agencies in Implementing the Procedural  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identifying Non-Federal Cooperating Agencies in Implementing the Identifying Non-Federal Cooperating Agencies in Implementing the Procedural Requirements of NEPA Identifying Non-Federal Cooperating Agencies in Implementing the Procedural Requirements of NEPA The purpose of this Council on Environmental Quality Memorandum is to ensure that all federal and non-federal cooperating agencies are identified on the cover sheet of each Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) prepared by your agency. G-CEQ-IdentnonfedCooperatingAgencies.pdf More Documents & Publications Designation of Non-Federal Agencies as Cooperating Agencies Cooperating Agencies in Implementing the Procedural Requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act Reporting Cooperating Agencies in Implementing the Procedural Requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act

198

Identify Vehicle Usage Mission Constraints for Reducing Greenhouse Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identify Vehicle Usage Mission Constraints for Reducing Greenhouse Identify Vehicle Usage Mission Constraints for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Identify Vehicle Usage Mission Constraints for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 11:46am Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 2 As Federal agencies work to identify opportunities for right-sizing the fleet and replacing inefficient vehicles with new, efficient, and/or alternatively fueled models to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, they should flag potential mission constraints associated with vehicle usage. This may involve further data collection to understand the mission considerations associated with individual vehicles. For instance, in Figure 1, Vehicle 004 appears to be underutilized, having both a low user-to-vehicle ratio and a relatively low time in use per day. However,

199

Cold cases heat up through Lawrence Livermore approach to identifying  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10-03 10-03 For immediate release: 10/10/2012 | NR-12-10-03 Cold cases heat up through Lawrence Livermore approach to identifying remains Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Printer-friendly Bruce Buchholz loads a sample in the accelerator. High Resolution Image LIVERMORE, Calif. -- In an effort to identify the thousands of John/Jane Doe cold cases in the United States, a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researcher and a team of international collaborators have found a multidisciplinary approach to identifying the remains of missing persons. Using "bomb pulse" radiocarbon analysis developed at Lawrence Livermore, combined with recently developed anthropological analysis and forensic DNA techniques, the researchers were able to identify the remains of a missing

200

Photo of the Week: Identifying and Protecting Alaskan Fishery Habitats |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identifying and Protecting Alaskan Fishery Identifying and Protecting Alaskan Fishery Habitats Photo of the Week: Identifying and Protecting Alaskan Fishery Habitats September 27, 2013 - 3:08pm Addthis This aerial photo shows open water and floating ice on ponds, lakes and river channels in the Sagavanirktok River Delta in Alaska’s North Slope. PNNL scientists employed satellite technology to understand the impacts of oil development activities on the environment. Using satellite radar to “see” through the ice, scientists detected critical fish overwintering habitats by identifying where ice was grounded and where it was floating. Utilizing this information on critical habitats, fishery managers can suggest locations for energy development activities that increase the sustainability of fishery resources and minimize environmental impacts. Research was funded by the U.S. Department of the Interior. | Photo courtesy of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Report on Matters Identified at Strategic Petroleum Reserve During...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strategic Petroleum Reserve During Audit of Statement of Financial Position, CR-FS-96-03 Report on Matters Identified at Strategic Petroleum Reserve During Audit of Statement of...

202

Report on Matters Identified at the Richland Operations Office...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WR-FS-97-04 More Documents & Publications Report on Matters Identified at the Rocky Flats Field Office During the Audit of the Department's Consolidated Fiscal Year 1996...

203

Report on Matters Identified at the Rocky Flats Field Office...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rocky Flats Field Office During the Audit of the Department's Consolidated Fiscal Year 1996 Financial Statements, WR-FS-97-03 Report on Matters Identified at the Rocky Flats Field...

204

Report on Matters Identified at the Richland Operations Office...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Position (as of September 30, 1995), IG-FS-96-01 Report on Matters Identified at the Rocky Flats Field Office During the Audit of the Department's Consolidated Fiscal Year 1996...

205

IdentifyingWeather Systems from NumericalWeather Prediction Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather systems such as tropical cyclones, fronts, troughs and ridges affect our daily lives. Yet, they are often manually located and drawn on weather charts based on forecasters' experience. To identify them, multiple atmospheric elements need to be ...

WONG Ka Yan; YIP Chi Lap; LI Ping Wah

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Production and Flow of Identified Hadrons at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the production and flow of identified hadrons at RHIC with a main emphasis on the intermediate transverse momentum region ($2production and resolve the anomalously large baryon yields and elliptic flow observed in the experiments.

Julia Velkovska

2004-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

207

Simulations Identify Requirements for LANL's High Intensity Laser...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Identify Requirements for LANL's High Intensity Laser Lab cielo equip Fig. 1. Cielo is a 1.37 petaflops capability-class supercomputer installed at LANL, funded by the US DOE NNSA...

208

Identified Patent Waiver W(I)2012-002  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This is a request by BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE for a DOE Identified patent waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights under agreement DE-AC07-05ID14517.

209

AUDIT REPORT REPORT ON MATTERS IDENTIFIED AT THE IDAHO OPERATIONS...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REPORT ON MATTERS IDENTIFIED AT THE IDAHO OPERATIONS OFFICE DURING THE AUDIT OF THE DEPARTMENT'S CONSOLIDATED FISCAL YEAR 1998 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, WR-FS-99-01 AUDIT REPORT REPORT...

210

Zebrafish promoter microarrays identify actively transcribed embryonic genes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have designed a zebrafish genomic microarray to identify DNA-protein interactions in the proximal promoter regions of over 11,000 zebrafish genes. Using these microarrays, together with chromatin immunoprecipitation ...

Wardle, Fiona C

211

Atmospheric Issues Identified in State Water Resource Planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Illinois is completing a comprehensive statewide water plan. The plan selects three atmospheric issues, among the 11 identified as key issues facing the state's water resources. The issues selected include climate change and prediction, ...

Stanley A. Changnon Jr.; Richard G. Semonin

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Identified Patent Waiver W(I)2012-009  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This is a request by UNITED TECHNOLOGIES RESEARCH for a DOE Identified patent waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights under agreement DE-AC02-05CH11231.

213

Efficiently identifying significant associations in genome-wide association studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past several years, genome wide association studies (GWAS) have implicated hundreds of genes in common disease. More recently, the GWAS approach has been utilized to identify regions of the genome which harbor variation affecting gene expression ...

Emrah Kostem; Eleazar Eskin

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

SNS target reaches end-of-life  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On Sunday, April 3, 2011, the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) target reached an end-of-life condition, so user operations were shut down to change the stainless steel target housing the liquid mercury. This is the third change out of the target vessel; it is an expected event and took about two weeks. We took advantage of this time to do maintenance work that was planned for the longer summer shutdown. This will shorten that shutdown and recover the neutron production time. SNS restarted user operations on April 20.

Ekkebus, Allen E [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

100-N Area Decision Unit Target Analyte List Development for Soil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the process used to identify source area target analytes in support of the 100-N Area remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) addendum to the Integrated 100 Area Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study Work Plan (DOE/RL-2008-46, Rev. 0).

Ovink, R.

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

216

Strategic Project Grants Target Area Descriptions 1. Advanced Communications and Management of Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on their energy flows and material resources. Researchers are encouraged to identify and assess the industrial. Quality Foods and Novel Bioproducts 6. Safety and Security 7. Sustainable Energy Systems (Production an "exceptional opportunity" within the target area. Context Few fields have experienced the same rate of change

Handy, Todd C.

217

Energy Cost Reduction Measures Identified for Texas State Agencies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According t o energy auditors, state-owned facilities in Texas on the average consume over twice the energy of comparable facilities in the private sector. In 1984 and 1986 as part of the Texas Energy Cost Containment Program, two extensive energy audit programs examined a total of 35.3 million square feet of state-owned space. Energy cost reduction measures with paybacks of four years or less were identified. The purpose of this paper is to present the projects identified in 1986. Most relate to lighting, HVAC, and energy management systems. The type of facilities audited include colleges and universities, health science centers, state schools and centers, hospitals, and office buildings. The relation between the facility type and the energy cost reduction measures identified is discussed. In addition, the energy and dollar savings derived from the identified measures at the different facilities are presented. The total savings of the projects identified in both energy audit programs amount to $23.7 million annually.

Grigg, T. J.; Verdict, M. E.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Energy Efficiency Targets | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Targets Targets Energy Efficiency Targets < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard In December of 2010, the Arkansas Public Service Commission announced a [http://www.apscservices.info/pdf/08/08-144-U_153_1.pdf Sustainable Energy Resource Action Plan] for Arkansas. Along with this comprehensive plan, the Commission issued 10 Orders directing the state's four electric and three natural gas investor-owned utilities to implement the energy efficiency measures described in the Action Plan. These orders were passed on December 10, 2010. Order 17 in Docket 08-144-U sets sales reductions targets for both electric and gas utilities. The PSC directed these utilities to file comprehensive energy efficiency plans for 2011, 2012, and 2013 with incremental energy

219

Table II: Technical Targets for Membranes: Automotive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

II: Technical Targets for Membranes: Automotive II: Technical Targets for Membranes: Automotive All targets must be achieved simultaneously Characteristics Units Calendar year 2000 status a 2005 2010 Membrane conductivity, operating temperature Ω-cm -1 0.1 0.1 0.1 Room temperature Ω-cm -1 -20 o C Ω-cm -1 Oxygen cross-over b mA/cm 2 5 5 2 Hydrogen cross-over b mA/cm 2 5 5 2 Cost $/kW 50 5 Operating Temperature o C 80 120 120 Durability Hours 1000 d >4000 e >5000 f Survivability c o C -20 -30 -40 Thermal cyclability in presence of condensed water yes yes yes Notes: a) Status is present day 80 o C unless otherwise noted; targets are for new membranes/CCMs b) Tested in CCM c) Indicates temperature from which bootstrapping stack must be achieved

220

Perspectives on Global Change: the TARGETS Approach  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Perspectives on Global Change: the TARGETS Approach Perspectives on Global Change: the TARGETS Approach Speaker(s): Bert DeVries Date: February 6, 1998 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Richard Sextro TARGETS is a simulation model designed to help explore the future of the world innovatively and to search for adequate operationalization of the concept of sustainable development. It incorporates a unique approach to the study of long-term global change and sustainability issues. The model is distinguished by its treatment of uncertainties through explicit formulation of cultural perspectives on controversial issues, and by its inclusion of a visualisation tool to enable transparent and interactive presentation of scenario analyses. TARGETS embodies an interdisciplinary approach, deals explictly with both physical and socio-economic

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Analysis of Climate Policy Targets under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although policymaking in response to the climate change is essentially a challenge of risk management, most studies of the relation of emissions targets to desired climate outcomes are either deterministic or subject to a ...

Jacoby, Henry D.

222

A Prospective Target for Advanced Biofuel Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and P. D. Adams, "Structure of a three-domain sesquiterpene synthase: a prospective target for advanced biofuels production," Structure 19, 1876-1884 (2011). DOI: 10.1016...

223

Target Visualization at the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect

As the National Ignition Facility continues its campaign to achieve ignition, new methods and tools will be required to measure the quality of the targets used to achieve this goal. Techniques have been developed to measure target surface features using a phase-shifting diffraction interferometer and Leica Microsystems confocal microscope. Using these techniques we are able to produce a detailed view of the shell surface, which in turn allows us to refine target manufacturing and cleaning processes. However, the volume of data produced limits the methods by which this data can be effectively viewed by a user. This paper introduces an image-based visualization system for data exploration of target shells at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. It aims to combine multiple image sets into a single visualization to provide a method of navigating the data in ways that are not possible with existing tools.

Potter, D

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

224

Computer-Aided Drug Target Search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identification of the unknown targets of drugs, investigative drugs and herbal ingredients is an important task in drug discovery. It can potentially help in several aspects including: (1) determination of unknown therapeutic ...

Chen, Yuzong

225

Targeting cancer metabolism: a therapeutic window opens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Genetic events in cancer activate signalling pathways that alter cell metabolism. Clinical evidence has linked cell metabolism with cancer outcomes. Together, these observations have raised interest in targeting metabolic ...

Vander Heiden, Matthew G.

226

Targeted Observations with an Airborne Wind Lidar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the possibilities and limitations of airborne Doppler lidar for adaptive observations over the Atlantic Ocean. For the first time, a scanning 2-?m Doppler lidar was applied for targeted measurements during the Atlantic ...

M. Weissmann; R. Busen; A. Drnbrack; S. Rahm; O. Reitebuch

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Crosswalk of Sustainability Goals and Targets. Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) (Fact Sheet).  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

crosswalk was developed by the U.S. Department of crosswalk was developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Policy and Assistance and Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). FEMP facilitates the Federal Government's implementation of sound, cost-effective energy management and investment practices to enhance the nation's energy security and environmental stewardship. Executive Order (E.O.) 13514 establishes sustainability goals, targets, and requirements for Federal agencies. It builds on, but does not replace, E.O. 13423. This crosswalk aligns goals and targets from E.O. 13514 against E.O. 13423 and other statutes to Federal agencies in identifying current requirements. Crosswalk of Sustainability Goals and Targets Goal / Target E.O. 13514 E.O. 13423 Existing Statute

228

Cryostat including heater to heat a target  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cryostat is provided which comprises a vacuum vessel; a target disposed within the vacuum vessel; a heat sink disposed within the vacuum vesssel for absorbing heat from the detector; a cooling mechanism for cooling the heat sink; a cryoabsorption mechanism for cryoabsorbing residual gas within the vacuum vessel; and a heater for maintaining the target above a temperature at which the residual gas is cryoabsorbed in the course of cryoabsorption of the residual gas by the cryoabsorption mechanism.

Pehl, Richard H. (Berkeley, CA); Madden, Norman W. (Livermore, CA); Malone, Donald F. (Oakland, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Method and apparatus for producing cryogenic targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved method and apparatus are given for producing cryogenic inertially driven fusion targets in the fast isothermal freezing (FIF) method. Improved coupling efficiency and greater availability of volume near the target for diagnostic purposes and for fusion driver beam propagation result. Other embodiments include a new electrical switch and a new explosive detonator, all embodiments making use of a purposeful heating by means of optical fibers. 6 figs.

Murphy, J.T.; Miller, J.R.

1984-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

230

Method and apparatus for producing cryogenic targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved method and apparatus are given for producing cryogenic inertially driven fusion targets in the fast isothermal freezing (FIF) method. Improved coupling efficiency and greater availability of volume near the target for diagnostic purposes and for fusion driver beam propagation result. Other embodiments include a new electrical switch and a new explosive detonator, all embodiments making use of a purposeful heating by means of optical fibers.

Murphy, James T. (Los Alamos, NM); Miller, John R. (Penfield, NY)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Cryostat including heater to heat a target  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cryostat is provided which comprises a vacuum vessel; a target disposed within the vacuum vessel; a heat sink disposed within the vacuum vessel for absorbing heat from the detector; a cooling mechanism for cooling the heat sink; a cryoabsorption mechanism for cryoabsorbing residual gas within the vacuum vessel; and a heater for maintaining the target above a temperature at which the residual gas is cryoabsorbed in the course of cryoabsorption of the residual gas by the cryoabsorption mechanism. 2 figs.

Pehl, R.H.; Madden, N.W.; Malone, D.F.

1990-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

232

Method and apparatus for producing cryogenic targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved method and apparatus are given for producing cryogenic inertially driven fusion targets in the fast isothermal freezing (FIF) method. Improved coupling efficiency and greater availability of volume near the target for diagnostic purposes and for fusion driver beam propagation result. Other embodiments include a new electrical switch and a new explosive detonator, all embodiments making use of a purposeful heating by means of optical fibers.

Murphy, J.T.; Miller, J.R.

1981-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

233

TARGETED TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO US INDEPENDENTS  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of assisting U.S. independent oil and gas producers with timely, informed technology decisions during Fiscal Year 2004 (FY04). PTTC has active grassroots programs through its 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) and 2 satellite offices. They bring research and academia to the table via their association with geological surveys and engineering departments. The regional directors interact with independent oil and gas producers through technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, technical publications and other cooperative outreach efforts. PTTC's Headquarters (HQ) staff receives direction from a National Board of Directors predominantly comprised of American natural gas and oil producers to plan and manage the overall technology transfer program. PTTC HQ implements a comprehensive communications program by interconnecting the talents of the National Board, 10 Regional Producer Advisory Groups (PAG) and the RLOs with industry across the U.S. PTTC effectively combines federal funding through the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy, namely the Strategic Center for Natural Gas and Oil with state and industry contributions to share application of upstream technologies. Ultimately, these efforts factor in to provide a safe, secure and reliable energy supply for American consumers. This integrated resource base, combined with industry volunteers guiding PTTC's activities and the dedication of national and regional staff, are achieving notable results regarding domestic production figures. PTTC is increasingly recognized as a critical resource for information and access to technologies by providing direct contact with research, development and demonstration (RD&D) results. A key to the program is demonstrating proven technologies that can be applied broadly and rapidly. This technical progress report summarizes PTTC's accomplishments during FY04. Activities remained at high levels. Board and staff interaction has defined strategic thrusts to further outreach. Networking, involvement in technical activities and an active exhibit schedule are increasing PTTC's sphere of influence with both producers and the service sector. PTTC's reputation for unbiased bottom line information stimulates cooperative ventures with other organizations. Efforts to build the contact database and a growing E-mail Technology Alert service are expanding PTTC's audience.

Donald F. Duttlinger; E. Lance Cole

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

ORISE: Process and Program Evaluation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Process and Program Evaluation Process and Program Evaluation As an integral part of producing effective health and safety programs, the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) conducts scientific-based process and program evaluation to provide government agencies and organizations with the tools to improve the health of workers and the general public. Whether the goal is to change awareness, attitudes, beliefs, behaviors, policies or systems, ORISE helps determine the right evaluation methods based on specific needs and resources, including: Formative evaluations to assess the problem, target audience needs and guide successful process implementation Assessments to identify unmet needs in programs, organizations or communities Audience evaluations to learn about targeted populations

235

Sharing De-identified Data | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Information Center » Worker » Former Worker Program » Program Information Center » Worker » Former Worker Program » Program Implementation » Sharing De-identified Data Sharing De-identified Data Sharing De-identified Data: Use the collected information to implement new strategies for worker safety and health at DOE sites and to inform industry-specific researchers while still protecting sensitive participant information and confidentiality. The confidentiality and privacy rights of former workers are not only a legal requirement, they are crucial to establishing and maintaining credibility with the former worker community. All medical information that is collected as part of this program is treated as confidential and is used only as allowed by the Privacy Act of 1974. All FWP activities are conducted with the approval of the Institutional Review Boards, or Human

236

Protecting FWP Participant Personally Identifiable Information/Protected  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Protecting FWP Participant Personally Identifiable Protecting FWP Participant Personally Identifiable Information/Protected Health Information Protecting FWP Participant Personally Identifiable Information/Protected Health Information The confidentiality and privacy rights of former workers are not only a legal requirement, they are crucial to establishing and maintaining credibility with the former worker community. All medical information that is collected as part of this program is treated as confidential and is used only as allowed by the Privacy Act of 1974. All FWP activities are conducted with the approval of the Institutional Review Boards, or Human Subjects Committees, of DOE and involved universities. All individuals sign an informed consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

237

Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules for Sustainability Rules for Sustainability Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability October 8, 2013 - 11:45am Addthis It is important to analyze formal and informal workplace rules governing the behavior of individuals and organizations to meet a Federal agency's institutional change goals for sustainability. It is also important to determine how these rules actually affect people filling different roles in the organization, and how they mesh with the technologies, systems, and processes that constitute tools. Identify Formal and Informal Rules First, identify the formal and informal rules that shape current or desired behaviors. This includes checking the extent to which they align with one another in support of your agency's sustainability objectives. You may want

238

Waveform correlation methods for identifying populations of calibration events  

SciTech Connect

An approach for systematically screening large volumes of continuous data for repetitive events identified as mining explosions on basis of temporal and amplitude population characteristics. The method extends event clustering through waveform correlation with a new source-region-specific detector. The new signal subspace detector generalizes the matched filter and can be used to increase the number of events associated with a given cluster, thereby increasing the reliability of diagnostic cluster population characteristics. The method can be applied to obtain bootstrap ground truth explosion waveforms for testing discriminants, where actual ground truth is absent. The same events, if associated with to a particular mine, may help calibrate velocity models. The method may also assist earthquake hazard risk assessment by providing what amounts to blasting logs for identified mines. The cluster event lists can be reconciled against earthquake catalogs to screen explosions, otherwise hard to identify from the catalogs.

Harris, D.B.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) | Scientific and Technical Information  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) Print page Print page Email page Email page A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a permanent, unique name used in the web-based global naming and resolution system that provides for the identification, retrieval, exchange and maintenance of intellectual property. DOIs assist the publishing community with electronic commerce and copyright management of digital objects published on the Internet. Development of the DOI System was initiated in 1997 by the Association of American Publishers, and is now managed by the International DOI Foundation. The DOI System was initially developed by the publishing community but is now a non-profit collaboration to develop infrastructure for persistent identification and management of content. Approximately 2000

240

Identify energy-saving actions | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Identify energy-saving actions Identify energy-saving actions Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Learn the benefits Get started Use Portfolio Manager Save energy Stamp out energy waste Find cost-effective investments Engage occupants Provide a seat at the table Share energy goals and progress Identify energy-saving actions Spread the word about how to help

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Identify Institutional Change Tools for Sustainability | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tools for Sustainability Tools for Sustainability Identify Institutional Change Tools for Sustainability October 8, 2013 - 11:49am Addthis After identifying institutional change rules and roles, a Federal agency should identify the tools that create the infrastructural context within which it can achieve its sustainability goals. A tool is defined simply as a technology, system, or process used to meet a need. An example would be a time card, which is a system for tracking and verifying work hours. An organization's tools support its standard operations and ensure consistency over the long term; tools both allow and constrain behavior practices. Changes to institutional behavior must be supported by modified operational standards and tools. When an organization's tools are in opposition to

242

A Study of Scientometric Methods to Identify Emerging Technologies  

SciTech Connect

This work examines a scientometric model that tracks the emergence of an identified technology from initial discovery (via original scientific and conference literature), through critical discoveries (via original scientific, conference literature and patents), transitioning through Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs) and ultimately on to commercial application. During the period of innovation and technology transfer, the impact of scholarly works, patents and on-line web news sources are identified. As trends develop, currency of citations, collaboration indicators, and on-line news patterns are identified. The combinations of four distinct and separate searchable on-line networked sources (i.e., scholarly publications and citation, worldwide patents, news archives, and on-line mapping networks) are assembled to become one collective network (a dataset for analysis of relations). This established network becomes the basis from which to quickly analyze the temporal flow of activity (searchable events) for the example subject domain we investigated.

Abercrombie, Robert K [ORNL; Udoeyop, Akaninyene W [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Identifying and Indoctrinating Qualifying Officials - Nevada Site Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IDENTIFYING AND INDOCTRINATING QUALIFYING OFFICIALS (QO) QOs verify and certify Technical Qualification Program (TQP) participant qualifications. QOs are identified and indoctrinated as follows: QO IDENTIFICATION AND INDOCTRINATION PROCESS STEPS Process Steps/Work Instructions Step Who Does It What Happens 1 Designating Supervisor/Federal Technical Capability (FTC) Agent/TQP Manager NOMINATE an individual to serve as a QO. CONSIDER the nominee's technical and personal skills, knowledge, experience, and past performance, and ability to evaluate a TQP participant's attainment or equivalency of assigned competencies. 2 QO Nominee COMPLETE assigned QO orientation training and the expectations briefing with the FTC Agent. NOTE: The QO orientation training is provided by the

244

Draft Proposal for PDG Identifiers Purpose and Use Cases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposal for PDG Identifiers Proposal for PDG Identifiers Purpose and Use Cases PDG Identif iers are strings that can be used to ref erence items in PDG such as rev iew articles, particles, datablocks or decay modes. Currently env isaged use cases include: External ref erences to items in the PDG database. For example, giv en a PDG Identif ier one can directly go to a specif ic page in pdgLiv e. Tags that can be included into the meta data of publication databases (in particular INSPIRE).

245

Using Financial Ratios to Identify Romanian Distressed Companies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the context of the current financial crisis, when more companies are facing bankruptcy or insolvency, the paper aims to find methods to identify distressed firms by using financial ratios. The study will focus on identifying a group of Romanian listed companies, for which financial data for the year 2008 were available. For each company a set of 14 financial indicators was calculated and then used in a principal component analysis, followed by a cluster analysis, a logit model, and a CHAID classification tree.

Andreica, Madalina Ecaterina; Andreica, Marin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Analysis of Residential System Strategies Targeting Least-Cost Solutions Leading to Net Zero Energy Homes  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy's Building America residential systems research project uses an analysis-based systems research approach to identify research priorities, identify technology gaps and opportunities, establish a consistent basis to track research progress, and identify system solutions that are most likely to succeed as the initial targets for residential system research projects. This report describes the analytical approach used by the program to determine the most cost-effective pathways to achieve whole-house energy-saving goals. This report also provides an overview of design/technology strategies leading to net zero energy buildings as the basis for analysis of future residential system performance.

Anderson, R.; Christensen, C.; Horowitz, S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

A High Density Polarized Hydrogen Gas Target for Storage Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a storage ring to study the target characteristics (nuclear polarization, target thickness, radiation 10 13 ~ H/cm 2 . The target polarization was unaffected by prolonged exposure of the target to beams in the use of polarized gases as internal targets in particle storage rings 1 . The first application

248

Identifying Transformer Incipient Events for Maintaining Distribution System Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identifying Transformer Incipient Events for Maintaining Distribution System Reliability Karen L events in single-phase distribution transformers. This analysis will aid in the development of an automatic detection method for internal incipient faults in the transformers. The detection method can

249

Two hundred Energy Savings Assessments identified potential annual energy savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center (IAC) teams. The Industrial Technologies Program completed 200 SENAs at U.S. industrial plants3/20/09 Two hundred Energy Savings Assessments identified potential annual energy savings of $485 million Industrial Energy Efficiency The ORNL Industrial Energy Efficiency Team supports DOE's Best

250

Identifying spam link generators for monitoring emerging web spam  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we address the question of how we can identify hosts that will generate links to web spam. Detecting such spam link generators is important because almost all new spam links are created by them. By monitoring spam link generators, we can ... Keywords: information retrieval, link analysis, web spam

Young-joo Chung; Masashi Toyoda; Masaru Kitsuregawa

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Identifying Differences in Cultural Behavior in Online Groups  

SciTech Connect

We have developed methods to identify online communities, or groups, using a combination of structural information variables and content information variables from weblog posts and their comments to build a characteristic footprint for groups. We have worked with both explicitly connected groups and 'abstract' groups, in which the connection between individuals is in interest (as determined by content based features) and behavior (metadata based features) as opposed to explicit links. We find that these variables do a good job at identifying groups, placing members within a group, and helping determine the appropriate granularity for group boundaries. The group footprint can then be used to identify differences between the online groups. In the work described here we are interested in determining how an individual's online behavior is influenced by their membership in more than one group. For example, individuals belong to a certain culture; they may belong as well to a demographic group, and other 'chosen' groups such as churches or clubs. There is a plethora of evidence surrounding the culturally sensitive adoption, use, and behavior on the Internet. In this work we begin to investigate how culturally defined internet behaviors may influence behaviors of subgroups. We do this through a series of experiments in which we analyze the interaction between culturally defined behaviors and the behaviors of the subgroups. Our goal is to (a) identify if our features can capture cultural distinctions in internet use, and (b) determine what kinds of interaction there are between levels and types of groups.

Gregory, Michelle L.; Engel, David W.; Bell, Eric B.; Mcgrath, Liam R.

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

252

A taxonomy for identifying requirement interactions in software systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an interaction taxonomy for classifying and identifying requirement interactions in software systems. The proposed taxonomy is in the form of a four-layered pyramid that defines 6 Main Interaction Categories in the first layer, 17 ... Keywords: Interaction scenarios, Requirement engineering, Requirement interaction taxonomy

Mohamed Shehata; Armin Eberlein; Abraham O. Fapojuwo

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Using Frontogenesis to Identify Sting Jets in Extratropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sting jets, or surface wind maxima at the end of bent-back fronts in ShapiroKeyser cyclones, are one cause of strong winds in extratropical cyclones. Although previous studies identified the release of conditional symmetric instability as a cause ...

David M. Schultz; Joseph M. Sienkiewicz

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

IDENTIFYING COMMUNITIES ASSOCIATED WITH THE FISHING INDUSTRY IN LOUISIANA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-10). The Louisiana Offshore Oil Port, 18 miles from Lafourche, has been economically important to the parish sinceVolume II IDENTIFYING COMMUNITIES ASSOCIATED WITH THE FISHING INDUSTRY IN LOUISIANA - FINAL REPORT in the northern reaches of the parish, and saltwater wetlands predominate in the south. Lafourche Parish

255

IDENTIFYING COMMUNITIES ASSOCIATED WITH THE FISHING INDUSTRY IN LOUISIANA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.......................................................11 2.3 A Brief Cultural Geography of Coastal Louisiana of the offshore oil and gas industry to Louisiana, and the now lengthy history of economic and social interactionVolume I IDENTIFYING COMMUNITIES ASSOCIATED WITH THE FISHING INDUSTRY IN LOUISIANA - FINAL REPORT

256

Molecular and morphological methods for identifying plankton: what makes a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HORIZONS Molecular and morphological methods for identifying plankton: what makes a successful of planktologists in monographs or at the bench. Despite recent rapid growth of molecular methods, taxonomists have been slow to incorporate molecular information in a formal way into species descriptions. Likewise

Katz, Laura

257

An integrated framework for de-identifying unstructured medical data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While there is an increasing need to share medical information for public health research, such data sharing must preserve patient privacy without disclosing any information that can be used to identify a patient. A considerable amount of research in ... Keywords: Anonymization, Conditional random fields, Cost-proportionate sampling, Data linkage, Medical text, Named entity recognition

James Gardner; Li Xiong

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Online idea contests: identifying factors for user retention  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current literature about idea contests has emphasized individuals' motives for joining volunteer idea contests. However, explanation of why people stay or leave in the long run is rare. We identify factors that motivate users to participate repeatedly ... Keywords: motivation, multiple idea contests, open innovation, user retention

Stefan Richter, Stefan Perkmann Berger, Giordano Koch, Johann Fller

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Optimized Parameters for a Mercury Jet Target  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study of target parameters for a high-power, liquid mercury jet target system for a neutrino factory or muon collider is presented. Using the MARS code, we simulate particle production initiated by incoming protons with kinetic energies between 2 and 100 GeV. For each proton beam energy, we maximize production by varying the geometric parameters of the target: the mercury jet radius, the incoming proton beam angle, and the crossing angle between the mercury jet and the proton beam. The number of muons surviving through an ionization cooling channel is determined as a function of the proton beam energy. We optimize the mercury jet target parameters: the mercury jet radius, the incoming proton beam angle and the crossing angle between the mercury jet and the proton beam for each proton beam energy. The optimized target radius varies from about 0.4 cm to 0.6 cm as the proton beam energy increases. The optimized beam angle varies from 75 mrad to 120 mrad. The optimized crossing angle is near 20 mrad for energies above 5 GeV. These values differ from earlier choices of 67 mrad for the beam angle and 33 mrad for the crossing angle. These new choices for the beam parameters increase the meson production by about 20% compared to the earlier parameters. Our study demonstrates that the maximum meson production efficiency per unit proton beam power occurs when the proton kinetic energy is in the range of 5-15 GeV. Finally, the dependence on energy of the number of muons at the end of the cooling channel is nearly identical to the dependence on energy of the meson production 50 m from the target. This demonstrates that the target parameters can be optimized without the additional step of running the distribution through a code such as ICOOL that simulates the bunching, phase rotation, and cooling.

Ding, X.; Kirk, H.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Crosswalk of Target Capabilities to Core Capabilities The following table maps the target capabilities outlined in the former Target Capabilities List (TCL) version  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

capabilities outlined in the former Target Capabilities List (TCL) version 2.0, released in September 2007 was performed such that all thirty-seven target capabilities from the TCL were mapped; and each target target capability in the TCL. This crosswalk was created to support the transition that states

Harms, Kyle E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Technologies with Broad Impact Q1 What criteria should be ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... renewable energy / energy efficiency, next generation biofuel production, nano ... quarterly and annual status reports, whose target audience would ...

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

262

Divertor target for magnetic containment device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a plasma containment device of a type having superconducting field coils for magnetically shaping the plasma into approximately the form of a torus, an improved divertor target for removing impurities from a "scrape off" region of the plasma comprises an array of water cooled swirl tubes onto which the scrape off flux is impinged. Impurities reflected from the divertor target are removed from the target region by a conventional vacuum getter system. The swirl tubes are oriented and spaced apart within the divertor region relative to the incident angle of the scrape off flux to cause only one side of each tube to be exposed to the flux to increase the burnout rating of the target. The divertor target plane is oriented relative to the plane of the path of the scrape off flux such that the maximum heat flux onto a swirl tube is less than the tube design flux. The containment device is used to contain the plasma of a tokamak fusion reactor and is applicable to other long pulse plasma containment systems.

Luzzi, Jr., Theodore E. (Garden City, NY)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Magnetized target fusion and fusion propulsion.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Magnetized target fusion (MTF) is a thermonuclear fusion concept that is intermediate between the two mainline approaches, magnetic confinement and inertial confinement fusion (MCF and ICF). MTF incorporates some aspects of each and offers advantages over each of the mainline approaches. First, it provides a means of reducing the driver power requirements, thereby admitting a wider range of drivers than ICF. Second, the magnetic field is only used for insulation, not confinement, and the plasma is wall confined, so that plasma instabilities are traded in for hydrodynamic instabilities. However, the degree of compression required to reach fusion conditions is lower than for ICF, so that hydrodynamic instabilities are much less threatening. The standoff driver innovation proposes to dynamically form the target plasma and a gaseous shell that compresses and confines the target plasma. Therefore, fusion target fabrication is traded in for a multiplicity of plasma guns, which must work in synchrony. The standoff driver embodiment of MTF leads to a fusion propulsion system concept that is potentially compact and lightweight. We will discuss the underlying physics of MTF and some of the details of the fusion propulsion concept using the standoff driver approach. We discuss here the optimization of an MTF target design for space propulsion.

Kirkpatrick, R. C. (Ronald C.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Neutronic Characterization of the Megapie Target  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MEGAPIE project is one of the key experiments towards the feasibility of Accelerator Driven Systems. On-line operation and post-irradiation analysis will provide the scientific community with unique data on the behavior of a liquid spallation target under realistic irradiation conditions. A good neutronics performance of such a target is of primary importance towards an intense neutron source, where an extended liquid metal loop requires some dedicated verifications related to the delayed neutron activity of the irradiated PbBi. In this paper we report on the experimental characterization of the MEGAPIE neutronics in terms of the prompt neutron (PN) flux inside the target and the delayed neutron (DN) flux on the top of it. For the PN measurements, a complex detector, made of 8 microscopic fission chambers, has been built and installed in the central part of the target to measure the absolute neutron flux and its spatial distribution. Moreover, integral information on the neutron energy distribution as a function of the position along the beam axis could be extracted, providing integral constraints on the neutron production models implemented in transport codes such as MCNPX. For the DN measurement, we used a standard 3He counter and we acquired data during the start-up phase of the target irradiation in order to take sufficient statistics at variable beam power. Experimental results obtained on the PN flux characteristics and their comparison with MCNPX simulations are presented, together with a preliminary analysis of the DN decay time spectrum.

Stefano Panebianco; Olivier Bringer; Pavel Bokov; Sebastien Chabod; Frederic Chartier; Emmeric Dupont; Diane Dore; Xavier Ledoux; Alain Letourneau; Ludovic Oriol; Aurelien Prevost; Danas Ridikas; Jean-Christian Toussaint

2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

265

NIF sets records for target shots, wavelength changes | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Cebreros tests the activation of the target shroud The NIF team completed a record 28 laser shots on targets last month, along with two shots without targets. January also saw a...

266

Identifying Opportunities for Low-Carbon Supply Chains  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Identifying Opportunities for Low-Carbon Supply Chains Identifying Opportunities for Low-Carbon Supply Chains Speaker(s): Eric Masanet Date: April 11, 2011 - 1:30pm Location: 90-3075 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Barbara Adams There is growing interest in the development of tools and methods for calculating the supply chain energy and carbon "footprints" associated with products and services. Much of the activity has been in response to "low carbon" product reporting mandates by large global retailers, such as Wal-Mart and Tesco. However, relatively little attention has been paid to the development of models that allow decision makers to assess realistic opportunities for reducing such footprints once they've been established. This presentation will provide an overview of a new supply chain energy use

267

CEQ Memorandum - Identifying Cooperating Agencies - 09/25/2000  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2000 5, 2000 MEMORANDUM FOR DEPUTY/ASSISTANT HEADS OF FEDERAL AGENCIES FROM: HORST G. GRECZMIEL Associate Director for NEPA Oversight SUBJECT: IDENTIFYING NON-FEDERAL COOPERATING AGENCIES IN IMPLEMENTING THE PROCEDURAL REQUIREMENTS OF THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT The purpose of this Memorandum is to ensure that all federal and non- federal cooperating agencies are identified on the cover sheet of each Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) prepared by your agency. In his Memorandum of July 28, 1999 (attached below), George T. Frampton, Jr., the CEQ Chair, urged all agencies to more actively solicit the participation of state, tribal and local governments as cooperating agencies in implementing the environmental impact statement process under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). Agencies are

268

Short period eclipsing binary candidates identified using SuperWASP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present light curves and periods of 53 candidates for short period eclipsing binary stars identified by SuperWASP. These include 48 newly identified objects with periods <2x10^4 seconds (~0.23d), as well as the shortest period binary known with main sequence components (GSC2314-0530 = 1SWASP J022050.85+332047.6) and four other previously known W UMa stars (although the previously reported periods for two of these four are shown to be incorrect). The period distribution of main sequence contact binaries shows a sharp cut-off at a lower limit of around 0.22d, but until now, very few systems were known close to this limit. These new candidates will therefore be important for understanding the evolution of low mass stars and to allow investigation of the cause of the period cut-off.

Norton, A J; Evans, T; West, R G; Wheatley, P J; Anderson, D R; Barros, S C C; Butters, O W; Cameron, A Collier; Christian, D J; Enoch, B; Faedi, F; Haswell, C A; Hellier, C; Holmes, S; Horne, K D; Lister, T A; Maxted, P F L; Parley, N; Pollacco, D; Simpson, E K; Skillen, I; Smalley, B; Southworth, J; Street, R A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Evaluation of Methods to Identify Boiler Air Inleakage Sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The information contained in this technical update report represents a first-of-a-kind study to evaluate different methods used to identify boiler air inleakage. The study begins to outline the cost and benefits of using those different methods in addition to describing their application. The collection and assemblage of this information will provide a reference for plant engineering and management personnel as their units experience the problems associated with boiler air inleakage. Through the use of t...

2011-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

270

Methods for characterizing, classifying, and identifying unknowns in samples  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a method for taking the data generated from an array of responses from a multichannel instrument, and determining the characteristics of a chemical in the sample without the necessity of calibrating or training the instrument with known samples containing the same chemical. The characteristics determined by the method are then used to classify and identify the chemical in the sample. The method can also be used to quantify the concentration of the chemical in the sample.

Grate, Jay W [West Richland, WA; Wise, Barry M [Manson, WA

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

A Key Target for Diabetes Drugs | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molten Metal Solidifies into a New Kind of Glass Molten Metal Solidifies into a New Kind of Glass Organic Polymers Show Sunny Potential A New Family of Quasicrystals Cool Muscles: Storing Elastic Energy for Flight A Further Understanding of Superconductivity Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed A Key Target for Diabetes Drugs JULY 26, 2013 Bookmark and Share The structure of the human glucagon receptor, which could help scientists design new drugs for type 2 diabetes. (Image courtesy of Katya Kadyshevskaya, The Scripps Research Institute) The three-dimensional (3-D) atomic structure of the human glucagon receptor has been identified by an international team of researchers carrying out

272

Prototyping of the ILC Baseline Positron Target  

SciTech Connect

The ILC positron system uses novel helical undulators to create a powerful photon beam from the main electron beam. This beam is passed through a titanium target to convert it into electron-positron pairs. The target is constructed as a 1 m diameter wheel spinning at 2000 RPM to smear the 1 ms ILC pulse train over 10 cm. A pulsed flux concentrating magnet is used to increase the positron capture efficiency. It is cooled to liquid nitrogen temperatures to maximize the flatness of the magnetic field over the 1 ms ILC pulse train. We report on prototyping effort on this system.

Gronberg, J; Brooksby, C; Piggott, T; Abbott, R; Javedani, J; Cook, E

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

273

Neutron single target spin asymmetries in SIDIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The experiment E06-010 in Hall A at Jefferson Lab took data between November 2008 and February 2009 to directly measure, for the first time, the pion (and kaon) single "neutron" target-spin asymmetry (SSA) in semi-inclusive DIS from a polarized 3He target. Collins, Sivers (and Pretzelosity) neutron asymmetries are going to be extracted from the measured SSA. Details of the experiment are described together with the preliminary results of the ongoing analysis. Near future Hall A experiments on transverse nucleon spin structure are shorty reviewed.

Evaristo Cisbani

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Characteristics of Target Areas Selected by the Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter for Medium-Range Forecasts of High-Impact Winter Weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of target locations of tropospheric wind and temperature identified by a modified version of the ensemble transform Kalman filter (ETKF), in order to reduce 07-day forecast errors over North America, are explored from the ...

Sharanya J. Majumdar; Kathryn J. Sellwood; Daniel Hodyss; Zoltan Toth; Yucheng Song

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Table III: Technical Targets for Catalyst Coated Membranes ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

III: Technical Targets for Catalyst Coated Membranes (CCMs): Stationary All targets must be achieved simultaneously Characteristics Units Calendar year 2002 status a 2005 2010...

276

Table I: Technical Targets for Catalyst Coated Membranes (CCMs...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I: Technical Targets for Catalyst Coated Membranes (CCMs): Automotive All targets must be achieved simultaneously Characteristics Units Calendar year 2002 status a 2005 2010...

277

PARS II Process Document - Over Target Baseline (OTB) Reporting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Over Target Baseline (OTB) Reporting PARS II Process Document - Over Target Baseline (OTB) Reporting This document details the process by which contractors should conduct Over...

278

PARS II Process Document - Over Target Baseline (OTB) Reporting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PARS II Process Document - Over Target Baseline (OTB) Reporting PARS II Process Document - Over Target Baseline (OTB) Reporting This document details the process by which...

279

NIF Target Chamber Dedicated | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > NIF Target Chamber Dedicated NIF Target...

280

International Spine Radiosurgery Consortium Consensus Guidelines for Target Volume Definition in Spinal Stereotactic Radiosurgery  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Spinal stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is increasingly used to manage spinal metastases. However, target volume definition varies considerably and no consensus target volume guidelines exist. This study proposes consensus target volume definitions using common scenarios in metastatic spine radiosurgery. Methods and Materials: Seven radiation oncologists and 3 neurological surgeons with spinal radiosurgery expertise independently contoured target and critical normal structures for 10 cases representing common scenarios in metastatic spine radiosurgery. Each set of volumes was imported into the Computational Environment for Radiotherapy Research. Quantitative analysis was performed using an expectation maximization algorithm for Simultaneous Truth and Performance Level Estimation (STAPLE) with kappa statistics calculating agreement between physicians. Optimized confidence level consensus contours were identified using histogram agreement analysis and characterized to create target volume definition guidelines. Results: Mean STAPLE agreement sensitivity and specificity was 0.76 (range, 0.67-0.84) and 0.97 (range, 0.94-0.99), respectively, for gross tumor volume (GTV) and 0.79 (range, 0.66-0.91) and 0.96 (range, 0.92-0.98), respectively, for clinical target volume (CTV). Mean kappa agreement was 0.65 (range, 0.54-0.79) for GTV and 0.64 (range, 0.54-0.82) for CTV (P<.01 for GTV and CTV in all cases). STAPLE histogram agreement analysis identified optimal consensus contours (80% confidence limit). Consensus recommendations include that the CTV should include abnormal marrow signal suspicious for microscopic invasion and an adjacent normal bony expansion to account for subclinical tumor spread in the marrow space. No epidural CTV expansion is recommended without epidural disease, and circumferential CTVs encircling the cord should be used only when the vertebral body, bilateral pedicles/lamina, and spinous process are all involved or there is extensive metastatic disease along the circumference of the epidural space. Conclusions: This report provides consensus guidelines for target volume definition for spinal metastases receiving upfront SRS in common clinical situations.

Cox, Brett W., E-mail: coxb@mskcc.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Spratt, Daniel E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Lovelock, Michael [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Bilsky, Mark H. [Department of Surgery, Division of Neurosurgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Surgery, Division of Neurosurgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Lis, Eric [Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Ryu, Samuel [Department of Radiation Oncology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan (United States); Sheehan, Jason [Department of Neurosurgery, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia (United States)] [Department of Neurosurgery, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia (United States); Gerszten, Peter C. [Department of Neurological Surgery and Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, UPMC Presbyterian, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Neurological Surgery and Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, UPMC Presbyterian, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (United States); Chang, Eric [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Health Sciences Campus, Los Angeles, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Health Sciences Campus, Los Angeles, California (United States); Gibbs, Iris; Soltys, Scott [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California (United States); Sahgal, Arjun [Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital and the Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital and the Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Deasy, Joe [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Flickinger, John; Quader, Mubina [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, UPMC Presbyterian, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, UPMC Presbyterian, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (United States); Mindea, Stefan [Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California (United States)] [Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California (United States); and others

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Visualization of Target Inspection data at the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect

As the National Ignition Facility continues its campaign to achieve ignition, new methods and tools will be required to measure the quality of the target capsules used to achieve this goal. Techniques have been developed to measure capsule surface features using a phase-shifting diffraction interferometer and Leica Microsystems confocal microscope. These instruments produce multi-gigabyte datasets which consist of tens to hundreds of files. Existing software can handle viewing a small subset of an entire dataset, but none can view a dataset in its entirety. Additionally, without an established mode of transport that keeps the target capsules properly aligned throughout the assembly process, a means of aligning the two dataset coordinate systems is needed. The goal of this project is to develop web based software utilizing WebGL which will provide high level overview visualization of an entire dataset, with the capability to retrieve finer details on demand, in addition to facilitating alignment of multiple datasets with one another based on common features that have been visually identified by users of the system.

Potter, D; Antipa, N

2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

282

Target volume uncertainty and a method to visualize its effect on the target dose prescription  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To consider the uncertainty in the construction of target boundaries for optimization, and to demonstrate how the principles of mathematical programming can be applied to determine and display the effect on the tumor dose of making small changes to the target boundary. Methods: The effect on the achievable target dose of making successive small shifts to the target boundary within its range of uncertainty was found by constructing a mixed-integer linear program that automated the placement of the beam angles using the initial target volume. Results: The method was demonstrated using contours taken from a nasopharynx case, with dose limits placed on surrounding structures. In the illustrated case, enlarging the target anteriorly to provide greater assurance of disease coverage did not force a sacrifice in the minimum or mean tumor doses. However, enlarging the margin posteriorly, near a critical structure, dramatically changed the minimum, mean, and maximum tumor doses. Conclusion: Tradeoffs between the position of the target boundary and the minimum target dose can be developed using mixed-integer programming, and the results projected as a guide to contouring and plan selection.

McCormick, Traci [Radiation Oncology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Dink, Delal [Department of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN (United States); Orcun, Seza [Department of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN (United States); Pekny, Joseph [Department of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN (United States); Advanced Process Combinatorics, West Lafayette, IN (United States); Rardin, Ron [Department of Industrial Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN (United States); Baxter, Larry [Advanced Process Combinatorics, West Lafayette, IN (United States); Thai, Van [Radiation Oncology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Langer, Mark [Radiation Oncology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN (United States)]. E-mail: mlanger@iupui.edu

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

TARGET ENCLOSURE AND SYSTEM DESIGN FOR A MERCURY-TARGET NEUTRINO PRODUCING FACILITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for mercury target system components, and various remote handling equipment used for maintenance tasks; therefore, replacing components after start-up operations must be done using remote handling equipment for radioactive component handling. The major components include the target containment system, a high magnetic

McDonald, Kirk

284

Online scheduling of targeted advertisements for IPTV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Behavioral targeting of content to users is a huge and lucrative business, valued as a $20 billion industry that is growing rapidly. So far dominant players in this field like Google and Yahoo examine the user requests coming to their servers and place ...

Murali Kodialam; T. V. Lakshman; Sarit Mukherjee; Limin Wang

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Manufacturing complex silica aerogel target components  

SciTech Connect

Aerogel is a material used in numerous components in High Energy Density Physics targets. In the past these components were molded into the proper shapes. Artifacts left in the parts from the molding process, such as contour irregularities from shrinkage and density gradients caused by the skin, have caused LANL to pursue machining as a way to make the components.

Defriend Obrey, Kimberly Ann [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Day, Robert D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Espinoza, Brent F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hatch, Doug [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Patterson, Brian M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Feng, Shihai [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

High density laser-driven target  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high density target for implosion by laser energy composed of a central quantity of fuel surrounded by a high-Z pusher shell with a low-Z ablator-pusher shell spaced therefrom forming a region filled with low-density material.

Lindl, John D. (San Ramon, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Fixed-target option for the SSC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three questions addressed are: (1) is slow extraction technically and economically feasible at the SSC; (2) can gas jet targets be used parasitically to produce secondary beams; (3) how can parasitic test beams be obtained during collider operation. 15 references. (GHT)

Colton, E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Learning classification rules for multiple target attributes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among predictive models, 'if-then' rule sets are one of the most expressive and human readable model representations. Most of the existing approaches for rule learning focus on predicting a single target attribute/class. In practice, however, we encounter ...

Bernard enko; Sao Deroski

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Portable data collection device with self identifying probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a portable data collection device that has a variety of sensors that are interchangeable with a variety of input ports in the device. The various sensors include a data identification feature that provides information to the device regarding the type of physical data produced by each sensor and therefore the type of sensor itself. The data identification feature enables the device to locate the input port where the sensor is connected and self adjust when a sensor is removed or replaced. The device is able to collect physical data, whether or not a function of time. The sensor may also store a unique sensor identifier.

French, Patrick D. (Aurora, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Identifying Critical Pathways to High-Performance PV: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This conference paper describes the High-Performance Photovoltaic (HiPerf PV)Project was initiated by the U.S. Department of Energy to substantially increase the viability of photovoltaics (PV) for cost-competitive applications so that PV can contribute significantly to our energy supply and our environment in the 21st century. To accomplish this, the NCPV directs in-house and subcontracted research in high-performance polycrystalline thin-film and multijunction concentrator devices. Details of the subcontractor and in-house progress will be described toward identifying critical pathways of 25% polycrystalline thin-film tandem cells and developing multijunction concentrator modules to 33%.

Symko-Davies, M.; Noufi, R.; Kurtz, S.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Apparatus for controlling system state based on unique identifiers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus allows workers to assert and release control over the energization of a system. The apparatus does not require the workers to carry any additional paraphernalia, and is not be easily defeated by other workers. Users asserting and releasing control present tokens uniquely identifying each user to a reader, and the apparatus prevents transition of the system to an undesired state until an appropriate number of users are currently asserting control. For example, a dangerous manufacturing robot can be prevented from energizing until all the users that have asserted control when entering the robot's controlled space have subsequently released control when leaving the robot's controlled space.

Drotning, William D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Identifying Reference Objects by Hierarchical Clustering in Java Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently Java programming environment has become so popular. Java programming language is a language that is designed to be portable enough to be executed in wide range of computers ranging from cell phones to supercomputers. Computer programs written in Java are compiled into Java Byte code instructions that are suitable for execution by a Java Virtual Machine implementation. Java virtual Machine is commonly implemented in software by means of an interpreter for the Java Virtual Machine instruction set. As an object oriented language, Java utilizes the concept of objects. Our idea is to identify the candidate objects' references in a Java environment through hierarchical cluster analysis using reference stack and execution stack.

Saha, Rahul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

A Methodology for Identifying Retrofit Energy Savings in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measured energy savings resulting from energy conservation retrofits in commercial buildings can be used to verify the success of the retrofits, determine the payment schedule for the retrofits, and guide the selection of future retrofits. This paper presents a structured methodology, developed for buildings in the Texas LoanSTAR program, for measuring retrofit savings in commercial buildings. This methodology identifies the pre-retrofit construction and post-retrofit periods, normalizes energy consumption data, and quantifies the uncertainty associated with the measured savings. A case study from the Texas LoanSTAR program is presented as an example.

Kissock, K.; Reddy, A.; Claridge, D.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Identifying the unknown circuit breaker statuses in power networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an approach by which the circuit breaker status errors can be detected and identified in the presence of analog measurement errors. This is accomplished by using the least absolute value (LAV) state estimation method and applying the previously suggested two stage estimation approach. The ability of the LAV estimators to reject inconsistent measurements, is exploited in order to differentiate between circuit breaker status and analog measurement errors. The first stage of estimation uses a bus level network model as in conventional LAV estimators. Results of Stage 1 are used to draw a set of suspect buses whose substation configurations may be erroneous. In the second stage, the identified buses are modeled in detail using the bus sections and the circuit breaker models while keeping the bus level network models for the rest of the system. The LAV estimation is repeated for the expanded system model and any remaining significant normalized residuals are flagged as bad analog measurements, while the correct topology is determined based on the estimated flows through the modeled circuit breakers in the substations. The proposed approach is implemented and tested. Simulation results for cases involving circuit breaker status and/or analog measurement errors are provided.

Abur, A.; Kim, H. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Celik, M.K. [Celik (Mehmet K.), San Francisco, CA (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Exome sequencing identifies recurrent somatic RAC1 mutations in melanoma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We characterized the mutational landscape of melanoma, the form of skin cancer with the highest mortality rate, by sequencing the exomes of 147 melanomas. Sun-exposed melanomas had markedly more ultraviolet (UV)-like C>T somatic mutations compared to sun-shielded acral, mucosal and uveal melanomas. Among the newly identified cancer genes was PPP6C, encoding a serine/threonine phosphatase, which harbored mutations that clustered in the active site in 12% of sun-exposed melanomas, exclusively in tumors with mutations in BRAF or NRAS. Notably, we identified a recurrent UV-signature, an activating mutation in RAC1 in 9.2% of sun-exposed melanomas. This activating mutation, the third most frequent in our cohort of sun-exposed melanoma after those of BRAF and NRAS, changes Pro29 to serine (RAC1{sup P29S}) in the highly conserved switch I domain. Crystal structures, and biochemical and functional studies of RAC1{sup P29S} showed that the alteration releases the conformational restraint conferred by the conserved proline, causes an increased binding of the protein to downstream effectors, and promotes melanocyte proliferation and migration. These findings raise the possibility that pharmacological inhibition of downstream effectors of RAC1 signaling could be of therapeutic benefit.

Krauthammer, Michael; Kong, Yong; Ha, Byung Hak; Evans, Perry; Bacchiocchi, Antonella; McCusker, James P.; Cheng, Elaine; Davis, Matthew J.; Goh, Gerald; Choi, Murim; Ariyan, Stephan; Narayan, Deepak; Dutton-Regester, Ken; Capatana, Ana; Holman, Edna C.; Bosenberg, Marcus; Sznol, Mario; Kluger, Harriet M.; Brash, Douglas E.; Stern, David F.; Materin, Miguel A.; Lo, Roger S.; Mane, Shrikant; Ma, Shuangge; Kidd, Kenneth K.; Hayward, Nicholas K.; Lifton, Richard P.; Schlessinger, Joseph; Boggon, Titus J.; Halaban, Ruth (Yale-MED); (UCLA); (Queens)

2012-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

296

Influence of lateral target size on hot electron production and electromagnetic pulse emission from laser-irradiated metallic targets  

SciTech Connect

The influences of lateral target size on hot electron production and electromagnetic pulse emission from laser interaction with metallic targets have been investigated. Particle-in-cell simulations at high laser intensities show that the yield of hot electrons tends to increase with lateral target size, because the larger surface area reduces the electrostatic field on the target, owing to its expansion along the target surface. At lower laser intensities and longer time scales, experimental data characterizing electromagnetic pulse emission as a function of lateral target size also show target-size effects. Charge separation and a larger target tending to have a lower target potential have both been observed. The increase in radiation strength and downshift in radiation frequency with increasing lateral target size can be interpreted using a simple model of the electrical capacity of the target.

Chen Ziyu; Li Jianfeng; Yu Yong; Li Xiaoya; Peng Qixian; Zhu Wenjun [National Key Laboratory of Shock Wave and Detonation Physics, Institute of Fluid Physics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China); Wang Jiaxiang [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

297

Environmental Management System (EMS) objectives & targets : annual results summary %3CU%2B2013%3E FY10.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratory/New Mexico's (SNL/NM) Environmental Management System is the integrated approach for members of the workforce to identify and manage environmental risks. Each fiscal year (FY) significant environmental aspects are identified and the environmental programs associated with them are charged with the task of routinely monitoring and measuring the objectives and targets that are designed to mitigate the impact of SNL/NM's operations on the environment. An annual summary of the results achieved towards meeting established objectives and targets provides a connection to and rational for annually revised significant aspects. The purpose of this document is to summarize the results achieved and documented in FY2010.

Waffelaert, Pascale S.; Vetter, Douglas Walter

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Example Performance Targets and Efficiency Packages Greensburg, Kansas (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation shows the energy performance targets and efficiency packages for residential buildings in Greensburg, Kansas.

Anderson, R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Target Injection Placement Accuracy Improvement with Electrostatic Steering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technical Paper / The Technology of Fusion Energy - Inertial Fusion Technology: Targets and Chambers

Ron Petzoldt; Emanuil Valmianski; Lane Carlson; Phan Huynh

300

Longitudinal Tracking of Direct Drive Inertial Fusion Targets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technical Paper / The Technology of Fusion Energy - Inertial Fusion Technology: Targets and Chambers

J. D. Spalding; L. C. Carlson; M. S. Tillack; N. B. Alexander; D. T. Goodin; R. W. Petzoldt

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Indirect Drive Warm-Loaded Ignition Target Design  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the Indirect Drive Warm-Loaded Ignition Target design. These targets either use a fill tube or the capsule is strong enough to withstand the room temperature pressure of the DT fuel. Only features that affect the design of the NIF Cryogenic Target System (NCTS) are presented. The design presented is the current thinking and may evolve further. The NCTS should be designed to accommodate a range of targets and target scales, as described here. The interface location between the target and the NCTS cryostat is at the target base / gripper joint, the tamping gas gland/gland joint, and the electrical plug/receptacle joint.

Bernat, T P; Gibson, C R

2004-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

302

Target selection for the SUNS and DEBRIS surveys for debris discs in the solar neighbourhood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Debris discs - analogous to the Asteroid and Kuiper-Edgeworth belts in the Solar system - have so far mostly been identified and studied in thermal emission shortward of 100 um. The Herschel space observatory and the SCUBA-2 camera on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope will allow efficient photometric surveying at 70 to 850 um, which allow for the detection of cooler discs not yet discovered, and the measurement of disc masses and temperatures when combined with shorter wavelength photometry. The SCUBA-2 Unbiased Nearby Stars (SUNS) survey and the DEBRIS Herschel Open Time Key Project are complimentary legacy surveys observing samples of ~500 nearby stellar systems. To maximise the legacy value of these surveys, great care has gone into the target selection process. This paper describes the target selection process and presents the target lists of these two surveys.

Phillips, N M; Dent, W R F; Matthews, B C; Holland, W S; Wyatt, M C; Sibthorpe, B

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Identify Strategies to Reduce Business Travel for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strategies to Reduce Business Travel for Greenhouse Gas Strategies to Reduce Business Travel for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Identify Strategies to Reduce Business Travel for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation October 7, 2013 - 1:34pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE The tables below illustrate some of the more common strategies that can enable employees to travel less and travel more efficiently for business. The "Purpose of Travel" analysis in the previous step can be used with the guidance below to help determine what type of trips may be most appropriately substituted with each business travel alternative. Table 1. Strategies that Enable Employees to Travel Less Business Travel Strategy Best Potential Application Best Practices Web meetings/webinars, including option for video Purpose of travel: training, conferences.

304

Identify types of development and climate impacts that are country  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Identify types of development and climate impacts that are country priorities Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and

305

Identify Petroleum Reduction Strategies for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Petroleum Reduction Strategies for Vehicles and Mobile Petroleum Reduction Strategies for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Identify Petroleum Reduction Strategies for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment October 7, 2013 - 11:50am Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 3 As defined by the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction strategies for Federal vehicles and equipment are based on the three driving principles of petroleum reduction: Reduce vehicle miles traveled Improve fuel efficiency Use alternative fuels. These strategies provide a framework for an agency to use when developing a strategic plan that can be specifically tailored to match the agency's fleet profile and meet its mission. Agency fleet managers should evaluate petroleum reduction strategies and tactics for each fleet location, based on an evaluation of site-specific

306

Microsoft Word - IDENTIFY AND PROTECT YOUR VITAL RECORDS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

I I I D D E E N N T T I I F F Y Y A A N N D D P P R R O O T T E E C C T T Y Y O O U U R R V V I I T T A A L L R R E E C C O O R R D D S S July 2010 Records Management Division Office of IT Planning, Architecture, and E-Government Office of the Chief Information Officer 2 INTRODUCTION Each Federal agency is responsible for establishing a Vital Records Program for the identification and protection of those records needed for continuity of operations before, during, and after emergencies; and those records needed to protect the legal and financial rights of the Government and persons affected by Government activities. This means identifying, safeguarding, and having readily available documents, databases, and information systems that support an organization's performance of its essential functions

307

GAMQUEST, a Computer Program to Identify Gamma Rays  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GAMQUEST GAMQUEST A Computer Program to Identify Gamma Rays Edgardo Browne, Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 EBROWNE@LBL.Gov Table of Contents Introduction. Program Access and Output Files. How to Run GAMQUEST. From Individual Accounts. From Guest Account. Gamma-Ray Data. GAMQUEST, a Tool for Applied Research. Searching Strategies. Examples. Neutron Activation Analysis. Gamma-Ray Spectrum Between 100 and 800 keV. Gamma-Ray Spectrum Between 800 and 1600 keV. A List of X Rays and Gamma Rays from the Decay of 192Ir (74 hr). Run GAMQUEST from Guest Account Acknowledgments. References. 1. Introduction. The characteristic energies and intensities of gamma rays emitted by radioactive isotopes are commonly used as fingerprints for isotope

308

Identify Institutional Change Roles for Sustainability | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Roles for Sustainability Roles for Sustainability Identify Institutional Change Roles for Sustainability October 8, 2013 - 11:47am Addthis Example of How Roles Affect Sustainability Goals The following scenario is an example of how roles can affect the implementation of a sustainability goal despite best intentions. Policymakers mandate waste reduction. A waste manager determines that a solution is to recycle more. No one notices that the staff responsible for implementing the solution forgets to order enough recycling bins for a building. Office workers continue to put recyclable material in the trash instead of a recycling bin. Janitorial staff members don't have the time to sort the recyclable material from the trash. Municipal waste personnel dump recyclable material in a landfill. Lesson: It is important that action plans

309

Identifying Event Impacts by Monitoring the News Media  

SciTech Connect

Assessing the potential property and social impacts of an event, such as tornado or wildfire, continues to be a challenging research area. From financial markets to disaster management to epidemiology, the importance of understanding the impacts that events create cannot be understated. Our work describes an approach to fuse information from multiple sources, then to analyze the information cycles to identify prior temporal patterns related to the impact of an event. This approach is then applied to the analysis of news reports from multiple news sources pertaining to several different natural disasters. Results show that our approach can project the severity of the impacts of certain natural disasters, such as heat waves on droughts and wild fires. In addition, results show that specific types of disaster consistently produce similar impacts when each time they occur.

Patton, Robert M [ORNL; Potok, Thomas E [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Therapeutic Antibody Targeting of Individual Notch Receptors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Therapeutic Antibody Targeting of Individual Notch Receptors Print Therapeutic Antibody Targeting of Individual Notch Receptors Print Notch receptors are widely expressed transmembrane proteins through which mammalian cells communicate to regulate cell fate and growth, and defects in Notch signalling are linked to many cancers. Using phage display technology, a multi-department team at Genentech has produced synthetic antibodies that act as potent and specific antagonists of Notch1 and Notch2. The cover, by Gregóire Vion of Salamander Design Studios (www.grgwr.com), depicts communication between a ligand-expressing cell (right) stimulating Notch signalling in an adjacent cell. The receptor-cell membrane expresses Notches 1 and 2 (red and blue); action of a specific antagonist means that only the blue signal is transduced to the nucleus. Article Link (PDF)

311

Target Diagnostics Supports NIF's Path to Ignition  

SciTech Connect

The physics requirements derived from the National Ignition Facility (NIF) experimental campaigns are leading to a wide variety of target diagnostics. Software development for the control and analysis of these diagnostics is included in the NIF Integrated Computer Control System, Diagnostic Control System and Data Visualization. These projects implement the configuration, controls, data analysis and visual representation of most of these diagnostics. To date, over 40 target diagnostics have been developed to support NIF experiments. In 2011 diagnostics were developed or enhanced to measure Ignition performance in a high neutron yield environment. Performance is optimized around four key variables: Adiabat (a) which is the strength and timing of four shocks delivered to the target, Velocity (V) of the imploding target, Mix (M) is the uniformity of the burn, and the Shape (S) of the imploding Deuterium Tritium (DT) hot spot. The diagnostics used to measure each of these parameters is shown in figure 1. Adiabat is measured using the Velocity Interferometer System for Any Reflector (VISAR) diagnostic consisting of three streak cameras. To provide for more accurate adiabat measurements the VISAR streak cameras were enhanced in FY11 with a ten comb fiducial signal controller to allow for post shot correction of the streak camera sweep non-linearity. Mix is measured by the Neutron Time of Flight (NTOF) and Radiochemical Analysis of Gaseous Samples (RAGS) diagnostics. To accommodate high neutron yield shots, NTOF diagnostic controls are being modified to use Mach Zehnder interferometer signals to allow the digitizers to be moved from near the target chamber to the neutron shielded diagnostic mezzanine. In December 2011 the first phase of RAGS diagnostic commissioning will be completed. This diagnostic will analyze the tracers that are added to NIF target capsules that undergo nuclear reactions during the shot. These gases are collected and purified for nuclear counting by the RAGS system. Three new instrument controllers were developed and commissioned to support this diagnostic. A residual-gas analyzer (RGA) instrument measures the gas content at various points in the system. The Digital Gamma Spectrometer instrument measures the radiological spectrum of the decaying gas isotopes. A final instrument controller was developed to interface to a PLC based Gas collection system. In order to support the implosion velocity measurements an additional Gated X-ray Detector (GXD) diagnostic was tested and commissioned. This third GXD views the target through a slit contained in its snout and allows the other GXD diagnostics to be used for measuring the shape on the same shot. In order to measure the implosion shape in a high neutron environment, Actide Readout In A Neutron Environment (ARIANE) and Neutron Imaging (NI) diagnostics were commissioned. The controls for ARIANE, a fixed port gated x-ray imager, contain a neutron shielded camera and micro channel plate pulser with its neutron sensitive electronics located in the diagnostic mezzanine. The NI diagnostic is composed of two Spectral Instruments SI-1000 cameras located 20M from the target and provides neutron images of the DT hot spot for high yield shots. The development and commissioning of these new or enhanced diagnostics in FY11 have provided meaningful insight that facilitates the optimization of the four key Ignition variables. In FY12 they will be adding three new diagnostics and enhancing four existing diagnostics in support of the continuing optimization series of campaigns.

Shelton, R

2011-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

312

Recovery of niobium from irradiated targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for selective separation of niobium from proton irradiated molybdenum targets is provided and includes dissolving the molybdenum target in a hydrogen peroxide solution to form a first ion-containing solution, contacting the first ion-containing solution with a cationic resin whereby ions selected form the group consisting of molybdenum, biobium, technetium, selenium, vanadium, arsenic, germanium, zirconium and rubidium remain in a second ion-containing solution while ions selected from the group consisting of rubidium, zinc, beryllium, cobalt, iron, manganese, chromium, strontium, yttrium and zirconium are selectively adsorbed by the cationic resin; adjusting the pH of the second ion-containing solution to within a range of from about 5.0 to about 6.0; contacting the pH adjusting second ion-containing solution with a dextran-based material for a time to selectively separate niobium from the solution and recovering the niobium from the dextran-based material.

Phillips, Dennis R. (Los Alamos, NM); Jamriska, Sr., David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Hamilton, Virginia T. (Los Alamos, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Achromatic illumination system for small targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pair of light beams is directed to provide illumination that is substantially uniform from all directions on a small target by a system comprising a pair of corrector windows, a pair of planar reflecting surfaces, a pair of paraboloidal mirrors and a reflecting mirror cavity. The components are arranged so that each of the beams passes through a corrector and is reflected from the planar surface to the paraboloidal mirror, from which it is focused through a hole in the planar surface to the interior of the cavity. The surface of the interior portion of the cavity is shaped to reflect the focused beam three times before the focused reflected beam strikes the target.

Sigler, Robert D. (Ann Arbor, MI)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Machining, Assembly, and Characterization of a Meso-Scale Double Shell Target  

SciTech Connect

Several issues related to the manufacture of precision meso-scale assemblies have been identified as part of an effort to fabricate an assembly consisting of machined polymer hemispherical shells and machined aerogel. The assembly, a double shell laser target, is composed of concentric spherical layers that were machined on a lathe and then assembled. This production effort revealed several meso-scale manufacturing techniques that worked well, such as the machining of aerogel with cutting tools to form low density structures, and the development of an assembly manipulator that allows control of the assembly forces to within a few milliNewtons. Limitations on the use of vacuum chucks for meso-scale components were also identified. Many of the lessons learned in this effort are not specific to double shell targets and may be relevant to the production of other meso-scale devices.

Bono, M J; Hibbard, R L

2003-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

315

Environmental Management System (EMS) objectives and targets : annual results summary - FY2011.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico's (SNL/NM) Environmental Management System is the integrated approach for members of the workforce to identify and manage environmental risks. Each Fiscal Year (FY) SNL/NM performs an analysis to identify environmental aspects, and the environmental programs associated with them are charged with the task of routinely monitoring and measuring the objectives and targets that are established to mitigate potential impacts of SNL/NM's operations on the environment. An annual summary of the results achieved towards meeting established objectives and targets provides a connection to, and rational for, annually revised environmental aspects. The purpose of this document is to summarize the results achieved and documented in FY2011.

Vetter, Douglas Walter

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

In Beam Tests of Implanted Helium Targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Targets consisting of 3,4He implanted into thin aluminum foils (approximately 100, 200 or 600 ug/cm^2) were prepared using intense (a few uA) helium beams at low energy (approximately 20, 40 or 100 keV). Uniformity of the implantation was achieved by a beam raster across a 12 mm diameter tantalum collimator at the rates of 0.1 Hz in the vertical direction and 1 Hz in the horizontal direction. Helium implantation into the very thin (approximately 80-100 ug/cm^2) aluminum foils failed to produce useful targets (with only approximately 10% of the helium retained) due to an under estimation of the range by the code SRIM. The range of low energy helium in aluminum predicted by Northcliffe and Shilling and the NIST online tabulation are observed on the other hand to over estimate the range of low energy helium ions in aluminum. An attempt to increase the amount of helium by implanting a second deeper layer was also carried out, but it did not significantly increase the helium content beyond the blistering limit (approximately 6 x 10^17 helium/cm^2). The implanted targets were bombarded with moderately intense 4He and 16O beams of 50-100 particle nA . Rutherford Back Scattering of 1.0 and 2.5 MeV proton beams and recoil helium from 15.0 MeV oxygen beams were used to study the helium content and profile before, during and after bombardments. We observed the helium content and profile to be very stable even after a prolonged bombardment (up to two days) with moderately intense beams of 16O or 4He. Helium implanted into thin (aluminum) foils is a good choice for thin helium targets needed, for example, for a measurement of the 3he(a,g)7Be reaction and the associated S34 astrophysical cross section factor (S-factor).

J. E. McDonald; R. H. France III; R. A. Jarvis; M. W. Ahmed; M. A. Blackston; Th. Delbar; M. Gai; T. J. Kading; Y. Parpottas; B. A. Perdue; R. M. Prior; D. A. Rubin; M. C. Spraker; J. D. Yeomans; L. Weissman; H. R. Weller; E. L. Wilds Jr; ;; UHartford; GCSU; LNS/UConn; TUNL/Duke; UCL/LLN; Yale; NGCSU

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

317

Synthetic LDL as targeted drug delivery vehicle  

SciTech Connect

The present invention provides a synthetic LDL nanoparticle comprising a lipid moiety and a synthetic chimeric peptide so as to be capable of binding the LDL receptor. The synthetic LDL nanoparticle of the present invention is capable of incorporating and targeting therapeutics to cells expressing the LDL receptor for diseases associated with the expression of the LDL receptor such as central nervous system diseases. The invention further provides methods of using such synthetic LDL nanoparticles.

Forte, Trudy M. (Berkeley, CA); Nikanjam, Mina (Richmond, CA)

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

318

Targeted Radiotherapy of Estrogen Receptor Positive Tumors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall objectives of the proposal were to develop estrogen receptor (ER) binding small molecule radiopharmaceuticals for targeted radiotherapy of ER positive (ER+) tumors. In particular, this proposal focused on embedding a {sup 186,188}Re or a {sup 32}P radionuclide into an estrogen steroidal framework by isosteric substitution such that the resulting structure is topologically similar to the estrogen (estrogen mimic). The estrogen mimic molecules expected to bind to the ER and exhibit biodistribution akin to that of native estrogen due to structural mimicry. It is anticipated that the {sup 186,188}Re- or a {sup 32}P-containing estrogen mimics will be useful for targeted molecular radiotherapy of ER+ tumors. It is well established that the in vivo target tissue uptake of estrogen like steroidal molecules is related to the binding of the steroids to sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG). SHBG is important in the uptake of estrogens and testosterone in target tissues by SHBG receptors on the cell surface. However, hitherto the design of estrogen like small molecule radiopharmaceuticals was focused on optimizing ER binding characteristics without emphasis on SHBG binding properties. Consequently, even the molecules with good ER affinity in vitro, performed poorly in biodistribution studies. Based on molecular modeling studies the proposal focused on developing estrogen mimics 1-3 which were topologically similar to native estrogens, and form hydrogen bonds in ER and SHBG in the same manner as those of native estrogens. To this end the technical objectives of the proposal focused on synthesizing the rhenium-estrone and estradiol mimics 1 and 2 respectively, and phosphorous estradiol mimic 3 and to assess their stability and in vitro binding characteristics to ER and SHBG.

Raghavan Rajagopalan

2006-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

319

Improving Targeted Radionuclide Therapy Using Nuclear Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objectives of this thesis are to produce radioactive antibody-conjugated gold nanoparticles to improve the efficacy of targeted radionuclide therapy for the treatment of cancer, and to demonstrate that this product can be produced at Texas A&M University. We have proposed a method for determining the distribution of radioactive nuclei per nanoparticle, which is critical for determining radiotherapeutic efficacy. Using the distribution of radioactive nuclei per nanoparticle, we have produced methods for calculating the radiative dose to tissue using nano-improved targeted radionuclide therapy, but more importantly we propose procedures to experimentally determine the efficacy of targeted radionuclide therapy improved by application of radioactive nanomaterials in combination with immunotherapy, nanomaterial cytotoxicity, and other cancer therapies such as chemotherapy. These methods can also be used to determine the efficacy of combinatory treatments as a function of time. Characterization of the antibody-nanoparticle attachment is critical; we have demonstrated successful antibody-nanoparticle conjugation using atomic force microscopy, dynamic light scattering, and agarose gel electrophoresis, providing more conclusive evidence of successful conjugation compared to flow cytometry. We provide a mathematical derivation from basic electron-transport principles which demonstrates the theoretical dosimetric advantages of applying radioactive nanomaterials to targeted radionuclide therapy. The general formulae can be applied to any tumor size, any radionuclide, and any pharmacokinetic nanoparticle distribution throughout the body, ultimately allowing a quick method of approximating the necessary activation time and treatment dosage parameters for a specific patient without burdensome Monte Carlo computational simulations. We further demonstrated that nano-TRT dosage to tumors should be considered as a function of radial position rather than average, as the dose across the tumor may be noticeably non-uniform causing some portions of the tumor to receive (potentially) significantly less dose than average.

Evans, Jordan Andrew

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Method for foam encapsulating laser targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Foam encapsulated laser fusion targets are made by positioning a fusion fuel-filled sphere within a mold cavity of suitable configuration and dimensions, and then filling the cavity with a material capable of producing a low density, microcellular foam, such as cellulose acetate dissolved in an acetone-based solvent. The mold assembly is dipped into an ice water bath to gel the material and thereafter soaked in the water bath to leach out undesired components, after which the gel is frozen, then freeze-dried wherein water and solvents sublime and the gel structure solidifies into a low-density microcellular foam, thereafter the resulting foam encapsulated target is removed from the mold cavity. The fuel-filled sphere is surrounded by foam having a thickness of about 10 to 100 .mu.m, a cell size of less than 2 .mu.m, and density of 0.065 to 0.6 .times. 10.sup.3 kg/m.sup.3. Various configured foam-encapsulated targets capable of being made by this encapsulation method are illustrated.

Hendricks, Charles D. (Livermore, CA)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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321

OMEGA polar-drive target designs  

SciTech Connect

Low-adiabat polar-drive (PD) [Skupsky et al., Phys. Plasmas 11, 2763 (2004)] implosion designs for the OMEGA [Boehly et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997)] laser are described. These designs for cryogenic deuterium-tritium and warm plastic shells use a temporal laser pulse shape with three pickets followed by a main pulse [Goncharov et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 165001 (2010)]. The designs are at two different on-target laser intensities, with different in-flight aspect ratios (IFARs). These designs permit studies of implosion energetics and target performance closer to ignition-relevant intensities ({approx}7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} W/cm{sup 2} at the quarter-critical surface, where nonlocal heat conduction and laser-plasma interactions can play an important role) but at lower values of IFAR {approx} 22 or at lower intensity ({approx}3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} W/cm{sup 2}) but at a higher IFAR (IFAR {approx} 32, where shell instability can play an important role). PD geometry requires repointing of laser beams to improve shell symmetry. The higher-intensity designs optimize target performance by repointing beams to a lesser extent, compensating for the reduced equatorial drive by increasing the energies of the repointed beams. They also use custom beam profiles that improve equatorial illumination at the expense of irradiation at higher latitudes. These latter designs will be studied when new phase plates for the OMEGA Laser System, corresponding to the custom beam profiles, are obtained.

Radha, P. B.; Marozas, J. A.; Marshall, F. J.; Shvydky, A.; Collins, T. J. B.; Goncharov, V. N.; McKenty, P. W.; Sangster, T. C.; Skupsky, S. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 E. River Road, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); McCrory, R. L.; Meyerhofer, D. D. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 E. River Road, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering and Department of Physics, University of Rochester, 250 E. River Road, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

Performance Analysis: Work Control Events Identified January - August 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This performance analysis evaluated 24 events that occurred at LLNL from January through August 2010. The analysis identified areas of potential work control process and/or implementation weaknesses and several common underlying causes. Human performance improvement and safety culture factors were part of the causal analysis of each event and were analyzed. The collective significance of all events in 2010, as measured by the occurrence reporting significance category and by the proportion of events that have been reported to the DOE ORPS under the ''management concerns'' reporting criteria, does not appear to have increased in 2010. The frequency of reporting in each of the significance categories has not changed in 2010 compared to the previous four years. There is no change indicating a trend in the significance category and there has been no increase in the proportion of occurrences reported in the higher significance category. Also, the frequency of events, 42 events reported through August 2010, is not greater than in previous years and is below the average of 63 occurrences per year at LLNL since 2006. Over the previous four years, an average of 43% of the LLNL's reported occurrences have been reported as either ''management concerns'' or ''near misses.'' In 2010, 29% of the occurrences have been reported as ''management concerns'' or ''near misses.'' This rate indicates that LLNL is now reporting fewer ''management concern'' and ''near miss'' occurrences compared to the previous four years. From 2008 to the present, LLNL senior management has undertaken a series of initiatives to strengthen the work planning and control system with the primary objective to improve worker safety. In 2008, the LLNL Deputy Director established the Work Control Integrated Project Team to develop the core requirements and graded elements of an institutional work planning and control system. By the end of that year this system was documented and implementation had begun. In 2009, training of the workforce began and as of the time of this report more than 50% of authorized Integration Work Sheets (IWS) use the activity-based planning process. In 2010, LSO independently reviewed the work planning and control process and confirmed to the Laboratory that the Integrated Safety Management (ISM) System was implemented. LLNL conducted a cross-directorate management self-assessment of work planning and control and is developing actions to respond to the issues identified. Ongoing efforts to strengthen the work planning and control process and to improve the quality of LLNL work packages are in progress: completion of remaining actions in response to the 2009 DOE Office of Health, Safety, and Security (HSS) evaluation of LLNL's ISM System; scheduling more than 14 work planning and control self-assessments in FY11; continuing to align subcontractor work control with the Institutional work planning and control system; and continuing to maintain the electronic IWS application. The 24 events included in this analysis were caused by errors in the first four of the five ISMS functions. The most frequent cause was errors in analyzing the hazards (Function 2). The second most frequent cause was errors occurring when defining the work (Function 1), followed by errors during the performance of work (Function 4). Interestingly, very few errors in developing controls (Function 3) resulted in events. This leads one to conclude that if improvements are made to defining the scope of work and analyzing the potential hazards, LLNL may reduce the frequency or severity of events. Analysis of the 24 events resulted in the identification of ten common causes. Some events had multiple causes, resulting in the mention of 39 causes being identified for the 24 events. The most frequent cause was workers, supervisors, or experts believing they understood the work and the hazards but their understanding was incomplete. The second most frequent cause was unclear, incomplete or confusing documents directing the work. Together, these two causes were mentioned 17 times and co

De Grange, C E; Freeman, J W; Kerr, C E; Holman, G; Marsh, K; Beach, R

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

323

Efficient laser absorption and enhanced electron yield in the laser-target interaction by using a cone-nanolayer target  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cone-nanolayer target that combines the advantages of the conical and layered geometries for electron acceleration in laser-target interaction is proposed. Two-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations show that the cone-nanolayer target can enhance laser absorption and electron yield. With suitable choice of the laser and target parameters, the cone-nanolayer target can be a controllable source of hot electrons at desired energy ranges.

Cao Lihua; Cai Hongbao [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China); Center for Applied Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Chen Mo; Wu Sizhong [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China); Zhao Zongqing; Gu Yuqiu [Laser Fusion Research Center, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Yu Wei [Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Shanghai 201800 (China); Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Yu, M. Y. [Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Institute for Theoretical Physics I, Ruhr University, Bochum D-44780 (Germany); He, X. T. [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China); Center for Applied Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

324

Identified By: NRC Item Type: NCV NonCited Violation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inadequate measures to assure that accurate and conservative values were used to establish second level undervoltage relay setpoint. The measures established by the licensee for the translation of design requirements were not adequate to assure that the values used to establish the second level undervoltage relay setpoint were accurate and conservative with respect to the technical specifications. In addition, the measures for promptly identifying and correcting the adverse condition were not adequate as demonstrated by the length of time this condition has existed (since 1987). The failure to accurately translate design requirements was a violation of Criterion III of Appendix B to 10 CFR Part 50, and the untimely corrective actions was a violation of Criterion XVI of Appendix B to 10 CFR Part 50. This violation is noncited in accordance with Section VI.A of NRC's Enforcement Policy, and is in the licensee's corrective action program (Notification 10092429). (Section 1R21.5.b.1.) The finding was of very low safety significance because, although the calculated values were not conservative and were not consistent with the technical specification values, there were administrative procedures in place to prevent exceeding the correct analytical limit. Additionally, there was no actual loss of safety function.

unknown authors

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Identifying failure in a tree network of a parallel computer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods, parallel computers, and products are provided for identifying failure in a tree network of a parallel computer. The parallel computer includes one or more processing sets including an I/O node and a plurality of compute nodes. For each processing set embodiments include selecting a set of test compute nodes, the test compute nodes being a subset of the compute nodes of the processing set; measuring the performance of the I/O node of the processing set; measuring the performance of the selected set of test compute nodes; calculating a current test value in dependence upon the measured performance of the I/O node of the processing set, the measured performance of the set of test compute nodes, and a predetermined value for I/O node performance; and comparing the current test value with a predetermined tree performance threshold. If the current test value is below the predetermined tree performance threshold, embodiments include selecting another set of test compute nodes. If the current test value is not below the predetermined tree performance threshold, embodiments include selecting from the test compute nodes one or more potential problem nodes and testing individually potential problem nodes and links to potential problem nodes.

Archer, Charles J. (Rochester, MN); Pinnow, Kurt W. (Rochester, MN); Wallenfelt, Brian P. (Eden Prairie, MN)

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

326

Investigation to Discover Most Effective Method of Teaching Target Costing to Construction-Minded Individuals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The construction industry is in the midst of a progressive change in the way projects unfold from design and development to closeout and maintenance. There is a greater demand on contractors to build projects faster, with higher quality and an increased level of detail, while keeping costs lower than ever. Therefore, to meet such demands contractors must turn to an alternative approach of improving product and process with target costing. However, the adoption of target costing by the construction industry has been slow due to limitations in user understanding of the system. The objective of this paper is to identify an effective approach for teaching target costing to construction-focused individuals, by establishing improved user understanding with visual aids, and by determining if user comprehension is influenced by the complexity of the visual supports provided in the lessons. The study challenged the long-implied assumption that the construction community is composed of visual learners, while also differentiating between the levels of success for supporting figures based upon their degree of detail. Results of this study will provide the basis for the development of target costing material that is designed specifically for use in the education of construction industry professionals in Target Cost Estimating.

Hullum, Joshua James

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Binary electrokinetic separation of target DNA from background DNA primers.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the summary of LDRD project 91312, titled ''Binary Electrokinetic Separation of Target DNA from Background DNA Primers''. This work is the first product of a collaboration with Columbia University and the Northeast BioDefense Center of Excellence. In conjunction with Ian Lipkin's lab, we are developing a technique to reduce false positive events, due to the detection of unhybridized reporter molecules, in a sensitive and multiplexed detection scheme for nucleic acids developed by the Lipkin lab. This is the most significant problem in the operation of their capability. As they are developing the tools for rapidly detecting the entire panel of hemorrhagic fevers this technology will immediately serve an important national need. The goal of this work was to attempt to separate nucleic acid from a preprocessed sample. We demonstrated the preconcentration of kilobase-pair length double-stranded DNA targets, and observed little preconcentration of 60 base-pair length single-stranded DNA probes. These objectives were accomplished in microdevice formats that are compatible with larger detection systems for sample pre-processing. Combined with Columbia's expertise, this technology would enable a unique, fast, and potentially compact method for detecting/identifying genetically-modified organisms and multiplexed rapid nucleic acid identification. Another competing approach is the DARPA funded IRIS Pharmaceutical TIGER platform which requires many hours for operation, and an 800k$ piece of equipment that fills a room. The Columbia/SNL system could provide a result in 30 minutes, at the cost of a few thousand dollars for the platform, and would be the size of a shoebox or smaller.

James, Conrad D.; Derzon, Mark Steven

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Identifying Energy-Efficient Concurrency Levels using Machine Learning  

SciTech Connect

Multicore microprocessors have been largely motivated by the diminishing returns in performance and the increased power consumption of single-threaded ILP microprocessors. With the industry already shifting from multicore to many-core microprocessors, software developers must extract more thread-level parallelism from applications. Unfortunately, low power-efficiency and diminishing returns in performance remain major obstacles with many cores. Poor interaction between software and hardware, and bottlenecks in shared hardware structures often prevent scaling to many cores, even in applications where a high degree of parallelism is potentially available. In some cases, throwing additional cores at a problem may actually harm performance and increase power consumption. Better use of otherwise limitedly beneficial cores by software components such as hypervisors and operating systems can improve system-wide performance and reliability, even in cases where power consumption is not a main concern. In response to these observations, we evaluate an approach to throttle concurrency in parallel programs dynamically. We throttle concurrency to levels with higher predicted efficiency from both performance and energy standpoints, and we do so via machine learning, specifically artificial neural networks (ANNs). One advantage of using ANNs over similar techniques previously explored is that the training phase is greatly simplified, thereby reducing the burden on the end user. Using machine learning in the context of concurrency throttling is novel. We show that ANNs are effective for identifying energy-efficient concurrency levels in multithreaded scientific applications, and we do so using physical experimentation on a state-of-the-art quad-core Xeon platform.

Curtis-Maury, M; Singh, K; Blagojevic, F; Nikolopoulos, D S; de Supinski, B R; Schulz, M; McKee, S A

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

329

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 5: Create Effective Messages  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: Create 5: Create Effective Messages to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 5: Create Effective Messages on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 5: Create Effective Messages on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 5: Create Effective Messages on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 5: Create Effective Messages on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 5: Create Effective Messages on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 5: Create Effective Messages on AddThis.com... Getting Started Driving Demand Set Goals & Objectives Create an Evaluation Plan Conduct Audience Research Identify Target Audiences & Behavior Changes

330

Addressing colorectal cancer disparities: the identification of geographic targets for screening interventions in Miami-Dade County, Florida  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an analysis of spatial clustering of colorectal cancer (CRC) in Miami-Dade County, Florida. The objective was to identify geographically based targets for colorectal cancer screening interventions for Blacks and Hispanic Whites, ... Keywords: SaTScan, colorectal cancer clusters, public health significance, screening disparities, stage at diagnosis

Recinda Sherman; Kevin Henry; David Lee

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Comics for Girls? A Study of Shojo and American Girlhood Culture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

American entertainment often presents heroines who still conform to the confining stereotypes of passivity, docility, sexual objectification, and ultimate dependence on the hero, offering patriarchal narratives in popular culture. This thesis investigates American girlhood entertainment - a subset of popular culture - in comparison to the newly popular genre of Japanese comics, shojo manga, which also targets a girl audience. By focusing on gender issues - power distribution, agency, and gender roles - and utilizing a mixed methodology of rhetorical and quantitative analysis, my research explores the rhetorical devices and narrative structures that empower or constrain heroines, structure power distributions, and assign gender roles. To better understand shojo's recent popularity among teenage girls, this research provides 1) a close critical analysis of shojo texts to examine the messages and rhetorical devices featured in these narratives, and 2) an analysis of audience reception through a participant survey and an analysis of audience-generated message boards. This research participates in Girlhood Studies, Intercultural Studies, and Narrative Criticism as I analyze narratives that target an American girl audience and enact entertainment globalization. My analysis suggests that shojo develops from feminist motives, encourages a pro-feminist reality, and successfully markets itself to an audience of American girls, who form parasocial relationships and wishfully identify with the heroines because of their empowered characteristics and the portrayal of equality within romantic relationships.

Kornfield, Sarah

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A high power beam-on-target test of liquid lithium target for RIA.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments were conducted to demonstrate the stable operation of a windowless liquid lithium target under extreme thermal loads that are equivalent to uranium beams from the proposed Rare Isotope Accelerator (RIA) driver linac. The engineering and safety issues accompanying liquid lithium systems are first discussed. The liquid metal technology knowledge base generated primarily for fast reactors, and liquid metal cooled fusion reactors, was applied to the development of these systems in a nuclear physics laboratory setting. The use of a high energy electron beam for simulating a high power uranium beam produced by the RIA driver linac is also described. Calculations were performed to obtain energy deposition profiles produced by electron beams at up to a few MeV to compare with expected uranium beam energy deposition profiles. It was concluded that an experimental simulation using a 1-MeV electron beam would be a valuable tool to assess beam-jet interaction. In the experiments, the cross section of the windowless liquid lithium target was 5 mm x 10 mm, which is a 1/3rd scale prototype target, and the velocity of the liquid lithium was varied up to 6 m/s. Thermal loads up to 20 kW within a beam spot diameter of 1mm were applied on the windowless liquid lithium target by the 1-MeV electron beam. The calculations showed that the maximum power density and total power deposited within the target, from the electron beam, was equivalent to that of a 200-kW, 400-MeV/u uranium beam. It was demonstrated that the windowless liquid lithium target flowing at velocities as low as 1.8 m/s stably operated under beam powers up to 20 kW without disruption or excessive vaporization.

Nolen, J.; Reed, C.; Novick, V.; Specht, J.; Plotkin, P.; Momozaki,Y.; Gomes, I.

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

333

Recovery of germanium-68 from irradiated targets  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A process for selective separation of germanium-68 from proton irradiated molybdenum targets is provided and includes dissolving the molybdenum target in a hydrogen peroxide solution to form a first ion-containing solution, contacting the first ion-containing solution with a cationic resin whereby ions selected from the group consisting of molybdenum, niobium, technetium, selenium, vanadium, arsenic, germanium, zirconium and rubidium remain in a second ion-containing solution while ions selected from the group consisting of rubidium, zinc, beryllium, cobalt, iron, manganese, chromium, strontium, yttrium and zirconium are selectively adsorbed by the first resin, adjusting the pH of the second ion-containing solution to within a range of from about 0.7 to about 3.0, adjusting the soluble metal halide concentration in the second ion-containing solution to a level adapted for subsequent separation of germanium, contacting the pH-adjusted, soluble metal halide-containing second ion-containing solution with a dextran-based material whereby germanium ions are separated by the dextran-based material, and recovering the germanium from the dextran-based material, preferably by distillation.

Phillips, Dennis R. (Los Alamos, NM); Jamriska, Sr., David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Hamilton, Virginia T. (Los Alamos, NM)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Realizing Technologies for Magnetized Target Fusion  

SciTech Connect

Researchers are making progress with a range of magneto-inertial fusion (MIF) concepts. All of these approaches use the addition of a magnetic field to a target plasma, and then compress the plasma to fusion conditions. The beauty of MIF is that driver power requirements are reduced, compared to classical inertial fusion approaches, and simultaneously the compression timescales can be longer, and required implosion velocities are slower. The presence of a sufficiently large Bfield expands the accessibility to ignition, even at lower values of the density-radius product, and can confine fusion alphas. A key constraint is that the lifetime of the MIF target plasma has to be matched to the timescale of the driver technology (whether liners, heavy ions, or lasers). To achieve sufficient burn-up fraction, scaling suggests that larger yields are more effective. To handle the larger yields (GJ level), thick liquid wall chambers are certainly desired (no plasma/neutron damage materials problem) and probably required. With larger yields, slower repetition rates ({approx}0.1-1 Hz) for this intrinsically pulsed approach to fusion are possible, which means that chamber clearing between pulses can be accomplished on timescales that are compatible with simple clearing techniques (flowing liquid droplet curtains). However, demonstration of the required reliable delivery of hundreds of MJ of energy, for millions of pulses per year, is an ongoing pulsed power technical challenge.

Wurden, Glen A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

335

Die-target for dynamic powder consolidation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A die/target is disclosed for consolidation of a powder, especially an atomized rapidly solidified metal powder, to produce monoliths by the dynamic action of a shock wave, especially a shock wave produced by the detonation of an explosive charge. The die/target comprises a rectangular metal block having a square primary surface with four rectangular mold cavities formed therein to receive the powder. The cavities are located away from the geometrical center of the primary surface and are distributed around such center while also being located away from the geometrical diagonals of the primary surface to reduce the action of reflected waves so as to avoid tensile cracking of the monoliths. The primary surface is covered by a powder retention plate which is engaged by a flyer plate to transmit the shock wave to the primary surface and the powder. Spawl plates are adhesively mounted on other surfaces of the block to act as momentum traps so as to reduce reflected waves in the block. 4 figs.

Flinn, J.E.; Korth, G.E.

1985-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

336

Recovery of germanium-68 from irradiated targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a process for selective separation of germanium-68 from proton irradiated molybdenum targets is provided and includes dissolving the molybdenum target in a hydrogen peroxide solution to form a first ion-containing solution, contacting the first ion-containing solution with a cationic resin whereby ions selected from the group consisting of molybdenum, niobium, technetium, selenium,vanadium, arsenic, germanium, zirconium and rubidium remain in a second ion-containing solution while ions selected from the group consisting of rubidium, zinc, beryllium, cobalt, iron, manganese, chromium, strontium, yttrium and zirconium are selectively adsorbed by the first resin, adjusting the pH of the second ion-containing solution to within a range of from about 0.7 to about 3.0, adjusting the soluble metal halide concentration in the second ion-containing solution to a level adapted for subsequent separation of germanium, contacting the pH-adjusted, soluble metal halide-containing second ion-containing solution with a dextran-based material whereby germanium ions are separated by the dextran-based material, and recovering the germanium from the dextran-based material, preferably by distillation.

Phillips, D.R.; Jamriska, D.J. Sr.; Hamilton, V.T.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

337

An Efficient Message Passing Algorithm for Multi-Target Tracking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a new approach for multi-sensor multi-target tracking by constructing statistical models on graphs with continuous-valued nodes for target states and discrete-valued nodes for data association hypotheses. These ...

Chen, Zhexu (Michael)

338

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Target Finder | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Target Finder Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Target Finder Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Target Finder Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Partner: Energy Star Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings Phase: Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan Resource Type: Guide/manual, Online calculator User Interface: Website Website: www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=new_bldg_design.bus_target_finder Web Application Link: www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=target_finder. Cost: Free References: Target Finder[1] State and Local Legislation Leveraging ENERGY STAR[2] Target Finder is a no-cost online tool that enables architects and building owners to set energy targets and receive an EPA energy performance score

339

Operation of Target Diagnostics in a Petawatt Laser Environment (invited)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The operation of target diagnostics in a high-energy petawatt laser environment is made challenging by the large number of energetic electrons, hard x rays, and energetic particles produced in lasertarget interactions.

Stoeckl, C.; Glebov, V.Yu.; Jaanimagi, P.A.; Knauer, J.P.; Meyerhofer, D.D.; Sangster, T.C.; Storm, M.; Sublett, S.; Theoblad, W.; Key, M.H.; MacKinnon, A.J.; Patel, P.; Neely, D.; Norreys, P.A.

2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

340

Process-Based Cost Modeling to Support Target Value Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Designing to Target Cost. 12th Annual Conference of thethe Hurdle of First Cost: Action Research in TargetD.T. (1987). A Future for Cost Modelling: Building Cost

Nguyen, Hung Viet

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Beryllium Capsule Coating Development for NIF Targets (A25674)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proc. Of The 17th Target Fabrication Specialists Meeting, San Diego, California, 2006; To Be Published In Fusion Science And Technology17th Target Fabrication Specialists Meeting San Diego California, US, 2006999613495

Xu, H.W.

2006-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

342

Characterization Specifications for Baseline Indirect Drive NIF Targets (A23749)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proc. Of 14th Target Fabrication Specialists Meeting, West Point, New York, 2001, To Be Published In Fusion Technology14th Target Fabrication Specialists Meeting West Point New York, US, 2001999607160

Stephens, R.B.

2001-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

343

NIF sets records for target shots, wavelength changes | National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > NIF sets records for target shots, wavelength changes NIF sets records for target shots,...

344

Method for mounting laser fusion targets for irradiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods for preparing laser fusion targets of the ball-and-disk type are disclosed. Such targets are suitable for irradiation with one or two laser beams to produce the requisite uniform compression of the fuel material.

Fries, R. Jay (Los Alamos, NM); Farnum, Eugene H. (Los Alamos, NM); McCall, Gene H. (Los Alamos, NM)

1977-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

345

Targeting the Poor: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports an experiment in 640 Indonesian villages on three approaches to target the poor: proxy means tests (PMT), where assets are used to predict consumption; community targeting, where villagers rank everyone ...

Alatas, Vivi

346

International Experience with Key Program Elements of IndustrialEnergy Efficiency or Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Target-SettingPrograms  

SciTech Connect

Target-setting agreements, also known as voluntary ornegotiated agreements, have been used by a number of governments as amechanism for promoting energy efficiency within the industrial sector. Arecent survey of such target-setting agreement programs identified 23energy efficiency or GHG emissions reduction voluntary agreement programsin 18 countries. International best practice related to target-settingagreement programs calls for establishment of a coordinated set ofpolicies that provide strong economic incentives as well as technical andfinancial support to participating industries. The key program elementsof a target-setting program are the target-setting process,identification of energy-saving technologies and measures usingenergy-energy efficiency guidebooks and benchmarking as well as byconducting energy-efficiency audits, development of an energy-savingsaction plan, development and implementation of energy managementprotocols, development of incentives and supporting policies, monitoringprogress toward targets, and program evaluation. This report firstprovides a description of three key target-setting agreement programs andthen describes international experience with the key program elementsthat comprise such programs using information from the three keytarget-setting programs as well as from other international programsrelated to industrial energy efficiency or GHG emissionsreductions.

Price, Lynn; Galitsky, Christina; Kramer, Klaas Jan

2008-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

347

Optimization Studies for ISOL Type High-Powered Targets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The research studied one-step and two-step Isotope Separation on Line (ISOL) targets for future radioactive beam facilities with high driver-beam power through advanced computer simulations. As a target material uranium carbide in the form of foils was used because of increasing demand for actinide targets in rare-isotope beam facilities and because such material was under development in ISAC at TRIUMF when this project started. Simulations of effusion were performed for one-step and two step targets and the effects of target dimensions and foil matrix were studied. Diffusion simulations were limited by availability of diffusion parameters for UCx material at reduced density; however, the viability of the combined diffusion?effusion simulation methodology was demonstrated and could be used to extract physical parameters such as diffusion coefficients and effusion delay times from experimental isotope release curves. Dissipation of the heat from the isotope-producing targets is the limiting factor for high-power beam operation both for the direct and two-step targets. Detailed target models were used to simulate proton beam interactions with the targets to obtain the fission rates and power deposition distributions, which were then applied in the heat transfer calculations to study the performance of the targets. Results indicate that a direct target, with specification matching ISAC TRIUMF target, could operate in 500-MeV proton beam at beam powers up to ~40 kW, producing ~8 1013 fission/s with maximum temperature in UCx below 2200 C. Targets with larger radius allow higher beam powers and fission rates. For the target radius in the range 9-mm to 30-mm the achievable fission rate increases almost linearly with target radius, however, the effusion delay time also increases linearly with target radius.

Remec, Igor [Oak Ridge National Laboratory] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Ronningen, Reginald Martin [Michigan State University] [Michigan State University

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

348

Nuclear physics with internal targets in electron storage rings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two key experiments in nuclear physics will be discussed in order to illustrate the advantages of the internal target method and demonstrate the power of polarization techniques in electron scattering studies. The progress of internal target experiments will be discussed and the technology of internal polarized target development will be reviewed.

Roy J. Holt

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Geolocation of Multiple Targets from Airborne Video Without Terrain Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The task of geolocating targets from airborne video is required for many applications in surveillance, law enforcement, reconnaissance, etc. The usual approaches to target geolocation involve terrain data, single target tracking, gimbal control of camera ... Keywords: Geolocation, IMU-Camera calibration, Tracking, Unmanned aerial vehicle

Kyung Min Han; Guilherme N. Desouza

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Exploring underwater target detection by imaging polarimetry and correlation techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Exploring underwater target detection by imaging polarimetry and correlation techniques M *Corresponding author: ayman.al-falou@isen.fr Underwater target detection is investigated by combining active. This experimentally study illustrates the potential of polarization imaging for underwater target detection and opens

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

351

Method of making segmented pyrolytic graphite sputtering targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Anisotropic pyrolytic graphite wafers are oriented and bonded together such that the graphite's high thermal conductivity planes are maximized along the back surface of the segmented pyrolytic graphite target to allow for optimum heat conduction away from the sputter target's sputtering surface and to allow for maximum energy transmission from the target's sputtering surface.

McKernan, Mark A. (Livermore, CA); Alford, Craig S. (Tracy, CA); Makowiecki, Daniel M. (Livermore, CA); Chen, Chih-Wen (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

WP1: Targeted and informative forecast system design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WP1: Targeted and informative forecast system design Emma Suckling, Leonard A. Smith and David Stainforth EQUIP Meeting ­ August 2011 Edinburgh #12;Targeted and informative forecast system design Develop models to support decision making (1.4) #12;Targeted and informative forecast system design KEY QUESTIONS

Stevenson, Paul

353

Targets for the production of radioisotopes and method of assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A target for preparation of radioisotopes by nuclear bombardment, and a method for its assembly are provided. A metallic sample to be bombarded is enclosed within a metallic support structure and the resulting target subjected to heat and pressure to effect diffusion bonds therebetween. The bonded target is capable of withstanding prolonged exposure to nuclear bombardment without thermal damage to the sample.

Quinby, Thomas C. (Kingston, TN)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Analysis of Residential System Strategies Targeting Least-Cost Solutions Leading to Net Zero Energy Homes: Preprint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U. S. Department of Energy's Building America residential systems research project uses an analysis-based system research approach to identify research priorities, identify technology gaps and opportunities, establish a consistent basis to track research progress, and identify system solutions that are most likely to succeed as the initial targets for residential system research projects. This report describes the analysis approach used by the program to determine the most cost-effective pathways to achieve whole-house energy-savings goals. This report also provides an overview of design/technology strategies leading to net zero energy buildings as the basis for analysis of future residential system performance.

Anderson, R.; Christensen, C.; Horowitz, S.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 3: Conduct Audience...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

linking energy efficiency and other climate action to broader community concerns (e.g., crime and safety, cultural identity, youth development) Address significant cultural...

356

Audience Structure and the Failure of Institutional Entrepreneurship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purpose The broader aim of this research is twofold. First, we aim to better understand how the business computer was conceptualized and used within U.S. industry. Second, this research investigates the role of social ...

Kahl, Steven J.

357

Heat-activated cooling devices: A guidebook for general audiences  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Heat-activated cooling is refrigeration or air conditioning driven by heat instead of electricity. A mill or processing facility can us its waste fuel to air condition its offices or plant; using waste fuel in this way can save money. The four basic types of heat-activated cooling systems available today are absorption cycle, desiccant system, steam jet ejector, and steam turbine drive. Each is discussed, along with cool storage and biomass boilers. Steps in determining the feasibility of heat-activated cooling are discussed, as are biomass conversion, system cost and integration, permits, and contractor selection. Case studies are given.

Wiltsee, G.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Agricultural Advisors: A Receptive Audience for Weather and Climate Information?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the climate in the midwestern United States becomes increasingly variable because of global climate change, it is critical to provide tools to the agricultural community to ensure adaptability and profitability of agricultural cropping systems. ...

Linda Stalker Prokopy; Tonya Haigh; Amber Saylor Mase; Jim Angel; Chad Hart; Cody Knutson; Maria Carmen Lemos; Yun-Jia Lo; Jean McGuire; Lois Wright Morton; Jennifer Perron; Dennis Todey; Melissa Widhalm

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Magnetized Target Fusion With Centimeter-Size Liner  

SciTech Connect

The author concentrates on the version of magnetized target fusion (MTF) that involves 3D implosions of a wall-confined plasma with the density in the compressed state {approx} 10{sup 21}-10{sup 22} cm{sup -3}. Possible plasma configurations suitable for this approach are identified. The main physics issues are outlined (equilibrium, stability, transport, plasma-liner interaction, etc). Specific parameters of the experiment reaching the plasma Q{approx}1 are presented (Q is the ratio of the fusion yield to the energy delivered to the plasma). It is emphasized that there exists a synergy between the physics and technology of MTF and dense Z-pinches (DZP). Specific areas include the particle and heat transport in a high-beta plasma, plasma-liner interaction, liner stability, stand-off problem for the power source, reaching a rep-rate regime in the energy-producing reactor, etc. Possible use of existing pulsed-power facilities for addressing these issues is discussed.

Ryutov, D

2005-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

360

First Experiments with the Polarized Internal Gas Target (PIT) at ANKE/COSY  

SciTech Connect

For future few-nucleon interaction studies with polarized beams and targets at COSY-Juelich, a polarized internal storage-cell gas target was implemented at the magnet spectrometer ANKE in summer 2005. First commissioning of the polarized Atomic Beam Source (ABS) at ANKE was carried out and some improvements of the system have been done. Storage-cell tests to determine the COSY beam dimensions have been performed. Electron cooling combined with stacking and stochastic cooling have been studied. Experiments with N{sub 2} gas in the storage cell to simulate the background produced by beam interaction with the aluminum cell walls were performed to investigate the beam heating by the target gas. The analysis of the d-vector p-vector {yields}dp and d-vector p-vector{yields}(dp{sub sp}){pi}{sup 0} reactions showed that events from the extended target can be clearly identified in the ANKE detector system.The polarization of the atomic beam of the ABS, positioned close to the strong dipole magnet D2 of ANKE, was tuned with a Lamb-shift polarimeter (LSP) beneath the target chamber. With use of the known analyzing powers of the quasi-free np{yields}d{pi}{sup 0} reaction, the polarization in the storage cell was measured to be Q{sub y} = 0.79{+-}0.07 in the vertical stray field of the D2 magnet acting as a holding field. The achieved target thickness was 2x10{sup 13} atoms/cm{sup 2} for one hyperfine state populated in the ABS beam only. With a COSY beam intensity of 6x10{sup 9} stored polarized deuterons in the ring, the luminosity for double polarized experiments was 1x10{sup 29} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}.

Engels, R.; Lorentz, B.; Prasuhn, D.; Rathmann, F.; Sarkadi, J.; Schleichert, R.; Seyfarth, H.; Stroeher, H. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Forschungszentrum Juelich, Leo-Brandt-Str. 1, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Chiladze, D. [High Energy Physics Institute, Tbilisi State University, 380662 Tbilisi (Georgia); Dymov, S. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Grigoryev, K.; Mikirtychyants, M. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Forschungszentrum Juelich, Leo-Brandt-Str. 1, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Orlova Rosha 2, 188300 Gatchina (Russian Federation); Kacharava, A. [Physikalisches Institut II, Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, 91058 Erlangen (Germany); High Energy Physics Institute, Tbilisi State University, 380662 Tbilisi (Georgia); Klehr, F. [Zentralabt. Technologie, Forschungszentrum Juelich, Leo-Brandt-Str. 1, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Mikirtychyants, S.; Vasilyev, A. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Orlova Rosha 2, 188300 Gatchina (Russian Federation); Schieck, H. Paetz gen. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, 50937 Cologne (Germany); Steffens, E. [Physikalisches Institut II, Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)

2008-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

First Experiments with the Polarized Internal Gas Target (PIT) at ANKE/COSY  

SciTech Connect

For future few-nucleon interaction studies with polarized beams and targets at COSY-Juelich, a polarized internal storage-cell gas target was implemented at the magnet spectrometer ANKE. First commissioning of the polarized Atomic Beam Source (ABS) at ANKE was carried out and some improvements of the system have been done. Storage-cell tests to determine the COSY beam dimensions have been performed. Electron cooling combined with stacking and stochastic cooling have been studied. Experiments with N{sub 2} gas in the storage cell to simulate the background produced by beam interaction with the aluminum cell walls were performed to investigate the beam heating by the target gas. The analysis of the d-vectorp-vector->dp and d-vectorp-vector->(dp{sub sp})pi{sup 0} reactions showed that events from different positions of the extended target can be clearly identified in the ANKE detector system. The polarization of the atomic beam of the ABS, positioned close to the strong dipole magnet D2 of ANKE, was tuned with a Lamb-shift polarimeter (LSP) beneath the target chamber. With use of the known analyzing powers of the quasi-free np->dpi{sup 0} reaction, the polarization in the storage cell was measured to be Q{sub y} = 0.79+-0.07 in the vertical stray field of the D2 magnet acting as a holding field. The target thickness achieved was 2x10{sup 13} atoms/cm{sup 2} for one hyperfine state populated in the ABS beam only. With a COSY beam intensity of 6x10{sup 9} stored polarized deuterons in the ring, the luminosity for double polarized experiments was 1x10{sup 29} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}.

Engels, R.; Lorentz, B.; Prasuhn, D.; Rathmann, F.; Sarkadi, J.; Schleichert, R.; Seyfarth, H.; Stroeher, H. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Forschungszentrum Juelich, Leo-Brandt-Str. 1, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Chiladze, D. [High Energy Physics Institute, Tbilisi State University, 380662 Tbilisi (Georgia); Dymov, S. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Grigoryev, K.; Mikirtychyants, M. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Forschungszentrum Juelich, Leo-Brandt-Str. 1, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Orlova Rosha 2, 188300 Gatchina (Russian Federation); Kacharava, A. [Physikalisches Institut II, Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, 91058 Erlangen (Germany); High Energy Physics Institute, Tbilisi State University, 0186 Tbilisi, Georgia (United States); Klehr, F. [Zentralabt. Technologie, Forschungszentrum Juelich, Leo-Brandt-Str. 1, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Mikirtychyants, S.; Vasilyev, A. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Orlova Rosha 2, 188300 Gatchina (Russian Federation); Schieck, H. Paetz gen. [Institut fuer Kernphaysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str 77, 50937 Koeln (Germany); Steffens, E. [Physikalisches Institut II, Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

362

Use of Bullet Traps and Steel Targets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

USE OF BULLET TRAPS AND USE OF BULLET TRAPS AND STEEL TARGETS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Health, Safety and Security AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY: http://www.hss.energy.gov Office of Health, Safety and Security Notices This document is intended for the exclusive use of elements of the Department of Energy (DOE), to include the National Nuclear Security Administration, their contractors, and other government agencies/individuals authorized to use DOE facilities. DOE disclaims any and all liability for personal injury or property damage due to use of this document in any context by any organization, group, or individual, other than during official government activities. Local DOE management is responsible for the proper execution of firearms-related programs for

363

Cryogenic target formation using cold gas jets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus using cold gas jets for producing a substantially uniform layer of cryogenic materials on the inner surface of hollow spherical members having one or more layers, such as inertially imploded targets are disclosed. By vaporizing and quickly refreezing cryogenic materials contained within a hollow spherical member, a uniform layer of the materials is formed on an inner surface of the spherical member. Basically the method involves directing cold gas jets onto a spherical member having one or more layers or shells and containing the cryogenic material, such as a deuterium-tritium (DT) mixture, to freeze the contained material, momentarily heating the spherical member so as to vaporize the contained material, and quickly refreezing the thus vaporized material forming a uniform layer of cryogenic material on an inner surface of the spherical member. 4 figs.

Hendricks, C.D.

1980-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

364

Shallow magma targets in the western US  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Within the next few years a hole will be drilled into a shallow magma body in the western US for the purpose of evaluating the engineering feasibility of magma energy. This paper examines potential drilling sites for these engineering feasibility experiments. Target sites high on the list are ones that currently exhibit good geophysical and geological data for shallow magma and also have reasonable operational requirements. Top ranked sites for the first magma energy well are Long Valley, CA, and Coso/Indian Wells, CA. Kilauea, HI, also in the top group, is an attractive site for some limited field experiments. A number of additional sites offer promise as eventual magma energy sites, but sparsity of geophysical data presently prevents these sites from being considered for the first magma energy well.

Hardee, H.C.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Photometric Study of Kepler Asteroseismic Targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reported are UBV and uvbybeta observations of 15 candidates for Kepler primary astero- seismic targets and 14 other stars in the Kepler field, carried out at the M.G. Fracastoro station of the Catania Astrophysical Observatory. These data serve to plot the 29 stars in two-parameter diagrams with the photometric indices (such as B-V or delta m1 and the atmospheric parameters (such as the MK type or [Fe/H]) as coordinates. The two-parameter diagrams show no evidence of interstellar reddening. The photometric indices B-V and beta are then used to derive photometric effective temperatures, Teff(B-V) and Teff(beta). For Teff(B-V) > 6400 K, the photometric effective temperatures turn out to be systematically higher than spectroscopic effective temperatures by 311 +/- 34 K and 346 +/- 91 K for Teff(B-V) and Teff(beta), respectively. For T_eff(B-V) beta, show ...

Molenda-Zakowicz, J; Frasca, A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Tenth target fabrication specialists` meeting: Proceedings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This tenth meeting of specialists in target fabrication for inertial confinement is unique in that it is the first meeting that was completely unclassified. As a result of the new classification, we were able to invite more foreign participation. In addition to participants from the US, UK, and Canada, representatives from France, Japan, and two Russian laboratories attended, about 115 in all. This booklet presents full papers and poster sessions. Indirect and direct drive laser implosions are considered. Typical topics include: polymer or aluminium or resorcinol/formaldehyde shells, laser technology, photon tunneling microscopy as a characterization tool, foams, coatings, hohlraums, and beryllium capsules. Hydrogen, deuterium, tritium, and beryllium are all considered as fuels.

Foreman, L.R.; Stark, J.C. [comp.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Laser-fusion targets for reactors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A laser target comprising a thermonuclear fuel capsule composed of a centrally located quantity of fuel surrounded by at least one or more layers or shells of material for forming an atmosphere around the capsule by a low energy laser prepulse. The fuel may be formed as a solid core or hollow shell, and, under certain applications, a pusher-layer or shell is located intermediate the fuel and the atmosphere forming material. The fuel is ignited by symmetrical implosion via energy produced by a laser, or other energy sources such as an electron beam machine or ion beam machine, whereby thermonuclear burn of the fuel capsule creates energy for applications such as generation of electricity via a laser fusion reactor.

Nuckolls, John H. (Livermore, CA); Thiessen, Albert R. (Livermore, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Myanmar production meets first-gas targets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite scheduling complications caused by annual monsoons, the Yadana project to bring offshore Myanmar gas ashore and into neighboring Thailand has met it first-gas target of July 1, 1998. The Yadana field is a dry-gas reservoir in the reef upper Birman limestone formation t 1,260 m and a pressure of 174 bara (approximately 2,500 psi). It extends nearly 7 km (west to east) and 10 km (south to north). The water-saturated reservoir gas contains mostly methane mixed with CO{sub 2} and N{sub 2}. No production of condensate is anticipated. The Yadana field contains certified gas reserves of 5.7 tcf, calculated on the basis of 2D and 3D seismic data-acquisition campaigns and of seven appraisal wells. The paper discusses early interest, development sequences, offshore platforms, the gas-export pipeline, safety, environmental steps, and schedule constraints.

Lepage, A. [Total Myanmar Exploration and Production, Singapore (Singapore)

1998-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

369

Targeting NRF2 signaling for cancer chemoprevention  

SciTech Connect

Modulation of the metabolism and disposition of carcinogens through induction of cytoprotective enzymes is one of several promising strategies to prevent cancer. Chemopreventive efficacies of inducers such as dithiolethiones and sulforaphane have been extensively studied in animals as well as in humans. The KEAP1-NRF2 system is a key, but not unilateral, molecular target for these chemopreventive agents. The transcription factor NRF2 (NF-E2-related factor 2) is a master regulator of the expression of a subset of genes, which produce proteins responsible for the detoxication of electrophiles and reactive oxygen species as well as the removal or repair of some of their damage products. It is believed that chemopreventive enzyme inducers affect the interaction between KEAP1 and NRF2 through either mediating conformational changes of the KEAP1 protein or activating phosphorylation cascades targeting the KEAP1-NRF2 complex. These events in turn affect NRF2 stability and trafficking. Recent advances elucidating the underlying structural biology of KEAP1-NRF2 signaling and identification of the gene clusters under the transcriptional control of NRF2 are facilitating understanding of the potential pleiotropic effects of NRF2 activators and discovery of novel classes of potent chemopreventive agents such as the triterpenoids. Although there is appropriately a concern regarding a deleterious role of the KEAP1-NRF2 system in cancer cell biology, especially as the pathway affects cell survival and drug resistance, the development and the use of NRF2 activators as chemopreventive agents still holds a great promise for protection of normal cells from a diversity of environmental stresses that contribute to the burden of cancer and other chronic, degenerative diseases.

Kwak, Mi-Kyoung, E-mail: mkwak@ynu.ac.k [College of Pharmacy, Yeungnam University, 214-1 Dae-dong, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do 712-749 (Korea, Republic of); Kensler, Thomas W. [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD (United States)

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

A model for the ATW target region fluid dynamics  

SciTech Connect

In the Los Alamos National Laboratory's concept for the accelerator transmutation of waste (ATW), a lead-bismuth eutectic has been chosen as a spallation target for the proton beam. Because of the high local heat fluxes anticipated, the target is in liquid form to facilitate heat removal. The upper boundary of the target region is a hard vacuum. The primary purpose of the analysis is to determine the location of the flow boundary based on the target design parameters. This method of analysis should prove to be useful for performing preliminary scoping and design of the ATW target region's fluid dynamics. Eventually, this model should be tested against experimental data.

Rider, W.J.; Cappiello, M.W. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

The ATW target and blanket technologies and requirements  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos accelerator transmutation of waste (ATW) concept uses an accelerator to produce a beam of protons or deuterons that strike a spallation target. This interaction generates tens of neutrons per incident particle, resulting in an intense neutron source from the target. Material to be irradiated is located in a blanket region that surrounds the target. In this region, source neutrons are moderated to thermal energies to enhance their probability of capture and multiplied via the fission of transuranic waste. The ATW target blanket is a complex nuclear system, and performance depends strongly on the integrated performance of the target, blanket, and separations subsystems.

Davidson, J.W. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

The LANSCE (Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center) target system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During the summer of 1985, we replaced the WNR T-shaped target/moderator scheme with the LANSCE split-target/flux-trap-moderator design. The intent of this 'LANSCE upgrade' was to increase (to 12) the number of neutron beam lines serviced simultaneously, and to enhance the target area shielding and target system to accept 200 ..mu..A of 800-MeV protons. The four LANSCE moderators consist of three (chilled) water moderators, and a liquid hydrogen (20 K) moderator. The LANSCE target is machinable tungsten.

Russell, G.J.; Robinson, H.; Legate, G.L.; Woods, R.; Whitaker, E.R.; Bridge, A.; Hughes, K.J.

1986-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

373

Safety Aspects of the E158 Liquid Hydrogen Target System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The E158 experiment, currently underway at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) scatters a high power 45 GeV polarized electron beam off a large liquid hydrogen target. The total volume of liquid hydrogen in the target is 55 liters, which, if detonated, could produce an explosive yield corresponding to more than 10 kg of TNT. This paper describes the requirements, design and performance of the E158 hydrogen target safety system. The methodology of the design and the safety review process is also described. The experience with the E158 target may be valuable for other sizable liquid hydrogen target systems.

Weisend, John G.

2002-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

374

NLC Target Heating Tech note 6-01.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 June 2001 NLC Positron Target Heating D. C. Schultz, Y. K. Batygin, V. K. Bharadwaj, J.C. Sheppard Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford, CA Abstract: The NLC requires an intense beam with a large number of positrons. These positrons are produced by a high energy electron beam impinging on a solid tungsten-rhenium alloy target. The particle shower that develops in the solid target deposits significant energy in the material, leading to target stresses and potentially to target damage. The stresses can be analyzed once the magnitude and extent of the energy deposition is known. This note details the modeling of the energy deposition using EGS, performe d for the NLC and the SLC targets and for possible NLC targets made of copper or nickel instead of WRe

375

Establish Internal Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Targets | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Establish Internal Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Targets Establish Internal Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Targets Establish Internal Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Targets October 7, 2013 - 10:24am Addthis Question to Answer What are appropriate GHG emission reduction targets for specific agency programs and sites? Not all administrative units within the agency have the same potential to contribute to agency-level targets. This step aims to help agencies establish what each major administrative unit (e.g. program site) should contribute to the agency goal based on its planned growth trajectory and estimates of its cost and potential to reduce GHG emissions. As illustrated in the figure below, two sites may have equal potential to reduce GHG emissions. But a site expecting significant mission-related growth prior to the 2020 target year may have a lower reduction target

376

DOE O 471.3 Admin Chg 1, Identifying and Protecting Official Use Only Information  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The order establishes a program within DOE and NNSA to identify certain unclassified controlled information as Official Use Only (OUO) and to identify, mark, ...

2003-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

377

Identifying Options for Deep Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Emissions from California Transportation: Meeting an 80% Reduction Goal in 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sets minimum targets for the use of bioenergy and biofuels,biofuels with low GHG intensity to meet the emission reductions target.biofuels future, is unable to meet the 80% emission reductions target

Yang, Christopher; McCollum, David L; McCarthy, Ryan; Leighty, Wayne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Proceedings of the workshop on polarized targets in storage rings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polarization phenomena have played an increasingly important part in the study of nuclei and nucleons in recent years. Polarization studies have been hampered by the relatively few and rather fragile polarized targets which are presently available. The concept of polarized gas targets in storage rings opens a much wider range of possibilities than is available in the external target geometry. This novel method will represent a considerable advance in nuclear physics and will continue to receive much attention in plans for future facilities. An internal, polarized-target station is being planned for the cooler ring at the Indiana University Cyclotron Facility. Internal targets are compatible with recent designs of electron accelerators proposed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Southeastern Universities Research Association. The key to nuclear-science programs based on internal targets pivots on recent developments in polarized atomic beam methods, which include the more recent laser-driven polarized targets. The workshop drew together a unique group of physicists in the fields of high-energy, nuclear and atomic physics. The meeting was organized in a manner that stimulated discussion among the 58 participants and focused on developments in polarized target technology and the underlying atomic physics. An impressive array of future possibilities for polarized targets as well as current developments in polarized target technology were discussed at the workshop. Abstracts of individual items from the workshop were prepared separately for the data base.

Holt, R.J. (ed.)

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Construction of an unyielding target for large horizontal impacts.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories has constructed an unyielding target at the end of its 2000-foot rocket sled track. This target is made up of approximately 5 million pounds of concrete, an embedded steel load spreading structure, and a steel armor plate face that varies from 10 inches thick at the center to 4 inches thick at the left and right edges. The target/track combination will allow horizontal impacts at regulatory speeds of very large objects, such as a full-scale rail cask, or high-speed impacts of smaller packages. The load-spreading mechanism in the target is based upon the proven design that has been in use for over 20 years at Sandia's aerial cable facility. That target, with a weight of 2 million pounds, has successfully withstood impact forces of up to 25 million pounds. It is expected that the new target will be capable of withstanding impact forces of more than 70 million pounds. During construction various instrumentation was placed in the target so that the response of the target during severe impacts can be monitored. This paper will discuss the construction of the target and provide insights on the testing capabilities at the sled track with this new target.

Ammerman, Douglas James; Davie, Neil Thomas; Kalan, Robert J.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Transmission Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence Measurements of 238U in Thick Targets  

SciTech Connect

Transmission nuclear resonance fluorescence measurements were made on targets consisting of Pb and depleted U with total areal densities near 86 g/cm2. The 238U content n the targets varied from 0 to 8.5percent (atom fraction). The experiment demonstrates the capability of using transmission measurements as a non-destructive technique to identify and quantify the presence of an isotope in samples with thicknesses comparable to he average thickness of a nuclear fuel assembly. The experimental data also appear to demonstrate the process of notch refilling with a predictable intensity. Comparison of measured spectra to previous backscatter 238U measurements indicates general agreement in observed excited states. Two new 238U excited states and possibly a third state have also been observed.

Quiter, Brian J.; Ludewigt, Bernhard A.; Mozin, Vladimir V.; Wilson, Cody; Korbly, Steve

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Identification of novel ionizing radiation signaling targets in reconstituted human skin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of novel ionizing radiation signaling targets in reconstituted human skin of novel ionizing radiation signaling targets in reconstituted human skin Feng Yang, Katrina M. Waters, Bobbie-Jo Webb-Robertson, Lye-Meng Markillie, Rachel M. Wirgau, Shawna M. Hengel, Ljiljana Pasa-Tolic, and David L. Stenoien. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Our focus has been on identifying the early events that occur after low dose ionizing radiation exposure that precede and often regulate downstream events such as altered transcription, protein secretion and epigenetic regulation. Phosphorylation is one of the earliest detectible events that occurs following radiation exposure and plays important roles in multiple biological pathways including DNA damage repair, transcription, apoptosis, and cell cycle progression. Very robust

382

Computational Design of Proteins Targeting the Conserved Stem Region of Influenza Hemagglutinin  

SciTech Connect

We describe a general computational method for designing proteins that bind a surface patch of interest on a target macromolecule. Favorable interactions between disembodied amino acid residues and the target surface are identified and used to anchor de novo designed interfaces. The method was used to design proteins that bind a conserved surface patch on the stem of the influenza hemagglutinin (HA) from the 1918 H1N1 pandemic virus. After affinity maturation, two of the designed proteins, HB36 and HB80, bind H1 and H5 HAs with low nanomolar affinity. Further, HB80 inhibits the HA fusogenic conformational changes induced at low pH. The crystal structure of HB36 in complex with 1918/H1 HA revealed that the actual binding interface is nearly identical to that in the computational design model. Such designed binding proteins may be useful for both diagnostics and therapeutics.

Fleishman, Sarel J.; Whitehead, Timothy A.; Ekiert, Damian C.; Dreyfus, Cyrille; Corn, Jacob E.; Strauch, Eva-Maria; Wilson, Ian A.; Baker, David (UWASH); (Scripps)

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

383

Terminal phase vision-based target recognition and 3d pose estimation for a tail-sitter, vertical takeoff and landing unmanned air vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an approach to accurately identify landing targets and obtain 3D pose estimates for vertical takeoff and landing unmanned air vehicles via computer vision methods. The objective of this paper is to detect and recognize a pre-known ... Keywords: computer vision, moment invariants, parallel lines, perspective transformation and vision-based autonomous landing, tail-sitter vertical takeoff and landing unmanned air vehicle, target identification/detection, vanishing points, vision-based pose/attitude estimation

Allen C. Tsai; Peter W. Gibbens; R. Hugh Stone

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Owen Chamberlain, the Antiproton, and Polarized Targets  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Owen Chamberlain, the Antiproton, and Polarized Targets Resources with Additional Information · Patents Owen Chamberlain Photo Courtesy of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Owen Chamberlain is "most remembered for his role in the discovery of the antiproton in 1955, ... for which he shared the 1959 Nobel Prize in physics ... . The discovery of the antiproton, the mirror image counterpart to the proton in ordinary matter, was made possible through the combination of the Bevatron accelerator ... and a unique detector, designed by Chamberlain and his colleague, Clyde Wiegand, that was set off only by particles moving at the speed predicted for antiprotons. In early 1942, at the prompting of [Ernest O.] Lawrence, Chamberlain joined the Manhattan Project, the U.S. government's secret effort to build an atomic bomb. Working as an assistant to [Emilio] Segrè, first in Berkeley, and then at the laboratory in Los Alamos, New Mexico, he investigated nuclear cross sections for intermediate-energy neutrons and the spontaneous fission of heavy elements."1

385

Automatic target recognition apparatus and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An automatic target recognition apparatus (10) is provided, having a video camera/digitizer (12) for producing a digitized image signal (20) representing an image containing therein objects which objects are to be recognized if they meet predefined criteria. The digitized image signal (20) is processed within a video analysis subroutine (22) residing in a computer (14) in a plurality of parallel analysis chains such that the objects are presumed to be lighter in shading than the background in the image in three of the chains and further such that the objects are presumed to be darker than the background in the other three chains. In two of the chains the objects are defined by surface texture analysis using texture filter operations. In another two of the chains the objects are defined by background subtraction operations. In yet another two of the chains the objects are defined by edge enhancement processes. In each of the analysis chains a calculation operation independently determines an error factor relating to the probability that the objects are of the type which should be recognized, and a probability calculation operation combines the results of the analysis chains.

Baumgart, Chris W. (Santa Fe, NM); Ciarcia, Christopher A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Fuel Cell Technologies Program Record 12012: Fuel Cell Bus Targets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuel Cell Technologies Program Record Fuel Cell Technologies Program Record Record #: 12012 Date: March 2, 2012 Title: Fuel Cell Bus Targets Originator: Jacob Spendelow and Dimitrios Papageorgopoulos Approved by: Sunita Satyapal * Date: September 12, 2012 Item: Performance, cost, and durability targets for fuel cell transit buses are presented in Table 1. These market-driven targets represent technical requirements needed to compete with alternative technologies. They do not represent expectations for the status of the technology in future years. Table 1. Performance, cost, and durability targets for fuel cell transit buses. Units 2012 Status 2016 Target Ultimate Target Bus Lifetime years/miles 5/100,000 1 12/500,000 12/500,000 Power Plant Lifetime 2,3 hours 12,000 18,000 25,000

387

An effective loading method of americium targets in fast reactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, the development of target fuel with high americium (Am) content has been launched for the reduction of the overall fuel fabrication cost of the minor actinide (MA) recycling. In the framework of the development, this study proposes an effective loading method of Am targets in fast reactors. As a result of parametric survey calculations, we have found the ring-shaped target loading pattern between inner and outer core regions. This loading method is satisfactory both in core characteristics and in MA transmutation property. It should be noted that the Am targets can contribute to the suppression of the core power distribution change due to burnup. The major drawback of Am target is the production of helium gas. A target design modification by increasing the cladding thickness is found to be the most feasible measure to cope with the helium production. (authors)

Ohki, Shigeo; Sato, Isamu; Mizuno, Tomoyasu; Hayashi, Hideyuki; Tanaka, Kenya [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 4002, Narita-cho, O-arai-machi, Higashi-Ibaraki-gun, Ibaraki 311-1393 (Japan)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

NIF Target Chamber Dedicated | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NIF Target Chamber Dedicated | National Nuclear Security Administration NIF Target Chamber Dedicated | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > NIF Target Chamber Dedicated NIF Target Chamber Dedicated June 11, 1999 Livermore, CA NIF Target Chamber Dedicated Secretary Richardson dedicates the National Ignition Facility target

389

Independent Oversight Targeted Review, Y-12 National Security Complex -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Targeted Review, Y-12 National Security Targeted Review, Y-12 National Security Complex - February 2012 Independent Oversight Targeted Review, Y-12 National Security Complex - February 2012 February 2012 Targeted Review of Site Preparedness for Severe Natural Phenomena Events at the Y-12 National Security Complex This report documents the independent targeted review of the Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) preparedness for severe natural phenomena events, conducted by the Office of Enforcement and Oversight (Independent Oversight) within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS). The review was performed by the HSS Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations and was carried out as the pilot for similar reviews at other U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites. The purpose of the targeted review

390

Method of making segmented pyrolytic graphite sputtering targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Anisotropic pyrolytic graphite wafers are oriented and bonded together such that the graphite's high thermal conductivity planes are maximized along the back surface of the segmented pyrolytic graphite target to allow for optimum heat conduction away from the sputter target's sputtering surface and to allow for maximum energy transmission from the target's sputtering surface. 2 figures.

McKernan, M.A.; Alford, C.S.; Makowiecki, D.M.; Chen, C.W.

1994-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

391

Laser target fabrication, structure and method for its fabrication  

SciTech Connect

The disclosure is directed to a laser target structure and its method of fabrication. The target structure comprises a target plate containing an orifice across which a pair of crosshairs are affixed. A microsphere is affixed to the crosshairs and enclosed by at least one hollow shell comprising two hemispheres attached together and to the crosshairs so that the microsphere is juxtapositioned at the center of the shell.

Farnum, Eugene H. (Los Alamos, NM); Fries, R. Jay (Los Alamos, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

The target laboratory of the Pelletron Accelerator's facilities  

SciTech Connect

A short report on the activities developed in the Target Laboratory, since 1970, will be presented. Basic target laboratory facilities were provided to produce the necessary nuclear targets as well as the ion beam stripper foils. Vacuum evaporation units, a roller, a press and an analytical balance were installed in the Oscar Sala building. A brief historical report will be presented in commemoration of the 40{sup th} year of the Pelletron Accelerator.

Ueta, Nobuko; Pereira Engel, Wanda Gabriel [Nuclear Physics Department - University of Sao Paulo (Brazil)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

393

Inertial fusion energy target injection, tracking, and beam pointing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several cryogenic targets must be injected each second into a reaction chamber. Required target speed is about 100 m/s. Required accuracy of the driver beams on target is a few hundred micrometers. Fuel strength is calculated to allow acceleration in excess of 10,000 m/s{sup 2} if the fuel temperature is less than 17 K. A 0.1 {mu}m thick dual membrane will allow nearly 2,000 m/s{sup 2} acceleration. Acceleration is gradually increased and decreased over a few membrane oscillation periods (a few ms), to avoid added stress from vibrations which could otherwise cause a factor of two decrease in allowed acceleration. Movable shielding allows multiple targets to be in flight toward the reaction chamber at once while minimizing neutron heating of subsequent targets. The use of multiple injectors is recommended for redundancy which increases availability and allows a higher pulse rate. Gas gun, rail gun, induction accelerator, and electrostatic accelerator target injection devices are studied, and compared. A gas gun is the preferred device for indirect-drive targets due to its simplicity and proven reliability. With the gas gun, the amount of gas required for each target (about 10 to 100 mg) is acceptable. A revolver loading mechanism is recommended with a cam operated poppet valve to control the gas flow. Cutting vents near the muzzle of the gas gun barrel is recommended to improve accuracy and aid gas pumping. If a railgun is used, we recommend an externally applied magnetic field to reduce required current by an order of magnitude. Optical target tracking is recommended. Up/down counters are suggested to predict target arrival time. Target steering is shown to be feasible and would avoid the need to actively point the beams. Calculations show that induced tumble from electrostatically steering the target is not excessive.

Petzoldt, R.W.

1995-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

394

National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in China Title National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in China Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5253E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Zhou, Nan, Lynn K. Price, Nina Zheng, Jing Ke, and Ali Hasanbeigi Date Published 10/2011 Publisher Lawrence Berkerley National Laboratory ISBN Number LBNL-5253E Keywords china, china energy, co-control, energy intensity, industrial energy efficiency, iron and steel industry, Low Emission & Efficient Industry, policy studies, sulfur dioxide Abstract Since 2006, China has set goals of reducing energy intensity, emissions, and pollutants in multiple guidelines and in the Five Year Plans. Various strategies and measures have then been taken to improve the energy efficiency in all sectors and to reduce pollutants. Since controlling energy, CO2 emissions, and pollutants falls under the jurisdiction of different government agencies in China, many strategies are being implemented to fulfill only one of these objectives.Co-controls or integrated measures could simultaneously reduce greenhouse gas (GHG)emissions and criteria air pollutant emissions. The targets could be met in a more cost effective manner if the integrated measures can be identified and prioritized. This report provides analysis and insights regarding how these targets could be met via co-control measures focusing on both CO2 and SO2 emissions in the cement, iron & steel, and power sectors to 2030 in China. An integrated national energy and emission model was developed in order to establish a baseline scenario that was used to assess the impact of actions already taken by the Chinese government as well as planned and expected actions. In addition, CO2 mitigation scenarios and SO2 control scenarios were also established to evaluate the impact of each of the measures and the combined effects.

395

Regional performance targets for transparent near-infrared switching...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

glazings, NIR-switching, Performance targets, Solar heat gain Abstract With building heating and cooling accounting for nearly 14% of the national energy consumption, emerging...

396

Available Technologies: ANXA9: A Therapeutic Target and ...  

Biofuels; Biotechnology & Medicine. Diagnostics and Therapeutics; ... ANXA9: A Therapeutic Target and Predictive Marker for Early Detection of Aggressive Breast Cancer.

397

Available Technologies: Non-catalytic Domain Targets in MMPs ...  

Biofuels; Biotechnology & Medicine. Diagnostics and Therapeutics; Medical Devices; ... might be the correct target for drugs that would block tumor growth or metastases.

398

EV Everywhere Battery Workshop: Preliminary Target-Setting Framework  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Battery Workshop: Preliminary Target-Setting Framework Jacob Ward, Vehicle Technologies Senior Analyst July 26, 2012 Doubletree-Rosemont, Chicago, IL For this Analysis, Three "EV "...

399

Effectiveness of Shallow Temperatures Surveys to Target a Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy, 2010 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Effectiveness of Shallow Temperatures Surveys to Target a Geothermal...

400

Cyclotrons to Make Neutrons & Radioactive Targets for SBSS at...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

to Make Neutrons & Radioactive Targets for SBSS at LBNL Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Spinoff Applications...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Innovations in Target Fabrication Techniques at the University of Michigan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technical Paper / Selected papers from 20th Target Fabrication Meeting, May 20-24, 2012, Santa Fe, NM, Guest Editor: Robert C. Cook

S. R. Klein; E. J. Gamboa; C. M. Huntington; C. C. Kuranz; P. Susalla; S. Chadwick; B. Lairson; D. E. Hoover; F. Elsner; G. Malamud; C. Di Stefano; R. S. Gillespie; R. P. Drake

402

Protein engineering for targeted delivery of radionuclides to tumors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditional cancer treatment strategies include systemic chemotherapy, external beam radiation, and surgical excision. Chemotherapy is nonspecific, and targets all rapidly dividing cells. External beam radiation and surgery ...

Orcutt, Kelly Davis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Unveiling the Molecular Structure of the Target of Many Drugs...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Unveiling the Molecular Structure of the Target of Many Drugs DECEMBER 3, 2007 Bookmark and Share Structure...

404

Target Fabrication Industry Day - September 11, 2013 | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Office of Research, Development, Test Capabilities and Evaluation > Office of Inertial Confinement Fusion > Target...

405

Ion Beam Sputter Target and Method of Manufacture  

Disclosure Number 201002398 Technology Summary The invention relates to a sputtering target for carrying out a Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) coating ...

406

Polarized target with dilution refrigerator: why and how  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Polarized targets using dilution refrigerators have several advantages over targets of He/sup 3/ cryostats for some polarization experiments. One of the advantages is in the long nuclear spin lattice relaxation time in quite low temperatures. It permits holding the target polarization in a magnetic field different from the polarizing field. Another merit is in the fact that one can obtain higher polarization in a dilution refrigerator than in a He/sup 3/ cryostat, especially in the case of deuterons. These facts suggest various applications of the target with a dilution refrigerator, such as a spin-frozen target for spin-rotation parameter measurements, a target for spin effects in inelastic scattering, high polarized deuteron target, and so on. Furthermore, one can hopefully make a highly polarized HD target with further improvements of the dilution refrigerator. The possibility of the solid hydrogen polarization is also discussed. Finally, the principle of the dilution refrigerator and the special features of the refrigerator for the polarized target are briefly described. 7 figures.

Masaike, A.

1977-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Biotin compounds for targeting tumors and sites of infection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Novel biotin amide analogs that are useful for targeting therapeutic and imaging agents to sites of infection and tumors in vivo are disclosed.

Elmaleh, D.R.; Fischman, A.J.; Shoup, T.M.; Babich, J.W.

1998-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

408

Lessons Learned from the 2012 Targeted Reviews of Emergency Preparedne...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oversight Lessons Learned from the 2012 Targeted Reviews of Emergency Preparedness for Severe Natural Phenomena Events at Select Department of EnergyNational Nuclear Security...

409

Complete fabrication of target experimental chamber and implement initial target diagnostics to be used for the first target experiments in NDCX-1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in mind. For a W D M user facility the goal is to have afor any future WDM user facility in the HLFS-VNL. DI PULE 6.1. Especially for a user facility a robotic target handling

Bieniosek, F.M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Concepts for fabrication of inertial fusion energy targets  

SciTech Connect

Future inertial fusion energy (IFE) power plants will have a Target Fabrication Facility (TFF) that must produce approximately 500,000 targets per day. To achieve a relatively low cost of electricity, the cost to produce these targets will need to be less than approximately $0.25 per target. In this paper the status on the development of concepts for a TFF to produce targets for a heavy ion fusion (HIF) reactor, such as HYLIFE II, and a laser direct drive fusion reactor such as Sombrero, is discussed. The baseline target that is produced in the HIF TFF is similar to the close-coupled indirect drive target designed by Callahan-Miller and Tabak at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. This target consists of a cryogenic hohlraum that is made of a metal case and a variety of metal foams and metal-doped organic foams. The target contains a DT-filled CH capsule. The baseline direct drive target is the design developed by Bodner and coworkers at Naval Research Laboratory. HIF targets can be filled with DT before or after assembly of the capsule into the hohlraum. Assembly of targets before filling allows assembly operations to be done at room temperature, but tritium inventories are much larger due to the large volume that the hohlraum occupies in the fill system. Assembly of targets cold after filling allows substantial reduction in tritium inventory, but this requires assembly of targets at cryogenic temperature. A model being developed to evaluate the tritium inventories associated with each of the assembly and fill options indicates that filling targets before assembling the capsule into the hohlraum, filling at temperatures as high as possible, and reducing dead-volumes in the fill system as much as possible offers the potential to reduce tritium inventories to acceptable levels. Use of enhanced DT ice layering techniques, such as infrared layering can reduce tritium inventories significantly by reducing the layering time and therefore the number of capsules being layered. Current processes for fabrication of ICF capsules can most likely be easily scaled up to produce capsules at rates needed for an IFE plant.

Nobile, A. (Arthur), Jr.; Hoffer, J. K. (James K.); Gobby, P. L. (Peter L.); Steckle, W. P. (Warren P.), Jr.; Goodin, D. T. (Daniel T.); Besenbruch, G. E. (Gottfried E.); Schultz, K. R. (Kenneth R.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Some design considerations for pbar target sweeping station  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of some recent calculations useful to design the beam sweeping station to produce high intensity pbar beam at AP0. With various on-going and planned intensity upgrade at the accelerator including the main injector the primary beam intensity on the pbar target is expected to increase. But some complications would arise from the existing method of pbar production. A study of the heavy metal targets used when the beam intensity was about 1.0 {times} 10{sup 12}, has shown a clear indication of target destruction by the proton beam. Although the heavy metal has very high melting point temperature the thermoelastic property is not suitable for its use as a reliable pbar target. During 1989 collider run, the target material was changed over to copper because of its better thermoelastic properties. The pbar yield measurement did not show much indications of target destruction except for a small decrease in the pbar yield. However, the calculations showed that the target material along the beam might have had enough energy deposition to transform the target material from the solid state to the liquid state during the beam spill time. A further increase of the proton beam intensity might cause melting of the target and drill a hole. These problems stimulated this investigation of suitable target materials and a method to handle the high intensity proton beam. Properties of a number of target materials have been studied in terms of their mechanical strength/resistance to shock-waves i.e. their thermoelastic behaviour.

Bhat, C.M.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Effect of inactive impurities on the burning of ICF targets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The efficiency of thermonuclear burning of the spherical deuterium-tritium (DT) plasma of inertial confinement fusion (ICF) targets in the presence of low-Z impurities (such as lithium, carbon, or beryllium) with arbitrary concentrations is investigated. The effect of impurities produced due to the mixing of the thermonuclear fuel with the material of the structural elements of the target during its compression on the process of target burning is studied, and the possibility of using solid noncryogenic thermonuclear fuels in ICF targets is analyzed. Analytical dependences of the ignition energy and target thermonuclear gain on the impurity concentration are obtained. The models are constructed for homogeneous and inhomogeneous plasmas for the case in which the burning is initiated in the central heated region of the target and then propagates into the surrounding relatively cold fuel. Two possible configurations of an inhomogeneous plasma, namely, an isobaric configuration formed in the case of spark ignition of the target and an isochoric configuration formed in the case of fast ignition, are considered. The results of numerical simulations of the burning of the DT plasma of ICF targets in a wide range of impurity concentrations are presented. The simulations were performed using the TEPA one-dimensional code, in which the thermonuclear burning kinetics is calculated by the Monte Carlo method. It is shown that the strongest negative effect related to the presence of impurities is an increase in the energy of target ignition. It is substantiated that the most promising solid noncryogenic fuel is DT hydride of beryllium (BeDT). The requirements to the plasma parameters at which BeDT can be used as a fuel in noncryogenic ICF targets are determined. Variants of using noncryogenic targets with a solid thermonuclear fuel are proposed.

Gus'kov, S. Yu. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Physical Institute (Russian Federation); Il'in, D. V.; Sherman, V. E. [St. Petersburg State Engineering Institute (Russian Federation)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Computational and experimental investigation of magnetized target fusion  

SciTech Connect

In Magnetized Target Fusion (MTF), a preheated and magnetized target plasma is hydrodynamically compressed to fusion conditions. Because the magnetic field suppresses losses by electron thermal conduction in the fuel during the target implosion heating process, the compression may be over a much longer time scale than in traditional inertial confinement fusion (ICF). Bigger targets and much lower initial target densities than in ICF can be used, reducing radiative energy losses. Therefore, ``liner-on-plasma`` compressions, driven by relatively inexpensive electrical pulsed power, may be practical. Potential MTF target plasmas must meet minimum temperature, density, and magnetic field starting conditions, and must remain relatively free of high-Z radiation-cooling-enhancing contaminants. At Los Alamos National Laboratory, computational and experimental research is being pursued into MTF target plasmas, such as deuterium-fiber-initiated Z-pinches, and the Russian-originated MAGO plasma. In addition, liner-on-plasma compressions of such target plasmas to fusion conditions are being computationally modeled, and experimental investigation of such heavy liner implosions has begun. The status of the research will be presented.

Sheehey, P.T.; Guzik, J.A.; Kirkpatrick, R.C.; Lindemuth, I.R.; Scudder, D.W.; Shlachter, J.S.; Wysocki, F.J.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Microarchitecture support for improving the performance of load target prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presents a load target prediction scheme that mitigates the impact of load latency for modern microprocessors. The scheme uses a cache-like buffer to provide the base address, offset and operand size at the instruction fetching stage of a pipeline so ... Keywords: load target prediction, load-use stall, pipeline, speculative data access, superscalar procesor

Chung-Ho Chen; Akida Wu

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Moving target defense (MTD) in an adaptive execution environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes how adaptation support facilitated by an execution environment can be used to implement moving target defenses (MTD). Reactive and proactive use of adaptation, although beneficial for cyber defense, comes with additional cost, and ... Keywords: cost, moving target defense, proactive and reactive adaptation

A. Paulos; P. Pal; R. Schantz; B. Benyo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

An Empirical Analysis of Analysts' Target Prices: Short Term . . .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a large database of analysts' target prices, we examine short-term market reactions to target price announcements and long-term co-movement of target and stock prices. We find a significant market reaction to the information contained in analysts' target prices, both unconditional and conditional on contemporaneously issued stock recommendations and earnings forecast revisions. For example, the spread in average announcement day abnormal returns between positive and negative target price revisions is as high as 7 percent. We also find that stock recommendations and earnings forecast revisions are informative controlling for the information in target prices. Using a cointegration approach, we explore the long-term behavior of market and target prices and estimate the system's long-term equilibrium. In this equilibrium a typical firm's one-year ahead target price is 22 percent higher than its current market price. Finally, while market prices react to the information conveyed in analysts' reports, we show that any subsequent corrections towards the long-term equilibrium are, in effect, done by analysts alone.

Alon Brav; Reuven Lehavy

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

International Nuclear Target Development Society workshop 1983: proceedings  

SciTech Connect

Separate abstracts were prepared for 11 of the 19 papers presented. Eight papers were previously included in the data base. Discussion group session papers on carbon stripper foils, problems in producing heavy-ion targets, and problems in producing general type targets are included. (WHK)

Thomas, G. (ed.)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Target System and Support Facility 3.1 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the facility, a maintenance cell at the ground floor elevation for handling magnet components, a hot cell at the tunnel level for mercury target system components, and various remote-handling equipment used-Z targets, such as Inconel, or mercury. It would also be expected to get too hot with a 4 MW beam, which we

McDonald, Kirk

419

Prioritize Strategies and Set Internal Reduction Targets for Scope 3  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strategies and Set Internal Reduction Targets for Scope Strategies and Set Internal Reduction Targets for Scope 3 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Prioritize Strategies and Set Internal Reduction Targets for Scope 3 Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 10:22am Addthis The final steps in the greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation planning process for Scope 3 emissions include: Prioritizing strategies across all Scope 3 emission sources Setting internal Scope 3 reduction targets. Prioritizing All Scope 3 Strategies Once the Federal agency understands what Scope 3 reductions are feasible and at what costs, it should prioritize proposed GHG reduction activities across all Scope 3 emission sources. This prioritization will help agencies determine how to get the most out of limited resources for Scope 3 mitigation. It will also assist in developing more informed targets at the

420

Qualified Target Industry Tax Refund (Florida) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualified Target Industry Tax Refund (Florida) Qualified Target Industry Tax Refund (Florida) Qualified Target Industry Tax Refund (Florida) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Florida Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Sales Tax Incentive Provider Enterprise Florida The Qualified Target Industry Tax Refund incentive is available for companies that create high wage jobs in targeted high value-added industries. The incentive refunds up to $3,000 per new full-time employee, $6000 in an Enterprise Zone. More tax refunds are available if companies reach certain wage levels. This incentive also includes refunds on corporate income, sales, ad valorem, intangible personal property,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Effectiveness of Shallow Temperatures Surveys to Target a Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Effectiveness of Shallow Temperatures Surveys to Target a Geothermal Effectiveness of Shallow Temperatures Surveys to Target a Geothermal Reservoir at Previously Explored Site at Mcgee Mountain, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Effectiveness of Shallow Temperatures Surveys to Target a Geothermal Reservoir at Previously Explored Site at Mcgee Mountain, Nevada Author Richard Zehner Organization U.S. Department of Energy Published U.S. Department of Energy, 2010 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Effectiveness of Shallow Temperatures Surveys to Target a Geothermal Reservoir at Previously Explored Site at Mcgee Mountain, Nevada Citation Richard Zehner (U.S. Department of Energy). 2010. Effectiveness of Shallow Temperatures Surveys to Target a Geothermal Reservoir at Previously

422

Structure-Based Receptor MIMICS Targeted Against Bacterial Superantigen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure-Based Receptor MIMICS Targeted Against Bacterial Structure-Based Receptor MIMICS Targeted Against Bacterial Superantigen Toxins Structure-Based Receptor MIMICS Targeted Against Bacterial Superantigen Toxins The invention provides therapeutic compositions useful in the treatment of bacterial superantigen mediated conditions, such as Toxic Shock Syndrome. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Structure-Based Receptor MIMICS Targeted Against Bacterial Superantigen Toxins The invention provides therapeutic compositions useful in the treatment of bacterial superantigen mediated conditions, such as Toxic Shock Syndrome. The compositions comprise genetically engineered bifunctional polypeptides containing a specific T-cell receptor binding domain and a specific MHC class II receptor binding domain, each targeting non-overlapping epitopes

423

Comparing Target Finder and Portfolio Manager | ENERGY STAR Buildings &  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

» Comparing Target Finder and Portfolio Manager » Comparing Target Finder and Portfolio Manager Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Why you should design to earn the ENERGY STAR Follow EPA's step-by-step process Step 1: Assemble a team Step 2: Set an energy performance target Step 3: Evaluate your target using ENERGY STAR tools Comparing Target Finder and Portfolio Manager

424

Novel target configurations for selective ionization state studies in molybdenum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Details of experiments aimed at achieving low ionization state selectivity in molybdenum are presented. Targets are excited with a 10 J CO{sub 2} laser and the resultant VUV spectrum (300--700 {Angstrom}) has been studied. Combinations of focal spot size, target depth, and target geometries are compared. Simple attenuation of energy is shown not to vary ionization stage composition significantly. Experiments conducted with grazing incidence targets result only in a hot plasma. Modular targets with cooling cylinders of various radii demonstrated good selectivity of the ionization states, but with low absolute signals. Finally, results from combinations of focal spot adjustment and radiative cooling illustrate increased control over desired plasma temperature and density for spectroscopic studies of molybdenum. 7 refs., 14 figs.

Ilcisin, K.J.; Feldman, U.; Schwob, J.L.; Wouters, A. (Princeton Univ., NJ (USA). Plasma Physics Lab.); Suckewer, S. (Princeton Univ., NJ (USA). Plasma Physics Lab. Princeton Univ., NJ (USA). Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering)

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

A High Power Liquid Hydrogen Target for Parity Violation Experiments  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Parity-violating electron scattering measurements on hydrogen and deuterium, such as those underway at the Bates and CEBAF laboratories, require luminosities exceeding 10{sup 38} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}, resulting in large beam power deposition into cryogenic liquid. Such targets must be able to absorb 500 watts or more with minimal change in target density. A 40 cm long liquid hydrogen target, designed to absorb 500 watts of beam power without boiling, has been developed for the SAMPLE experiment at Bates. In recent tests with 40 {micro}A of incident beam, no evidence was seen for density fluctuations in the target, at a sensitivity level of better than 1%. A summary of the target design and operational experience will be presented.

Mark, John W.

2003-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

426

Inertial fusion target development for ignition and energy  

SciTech Connect

The target needs of the next ICF experiments that will lead toward ignition and energy are different from those of today`s experiments. The future experiments on OMEGA Upgrade, GEKKO XII Upgrade, the National Ignition Facility and Megajoule will need large, precise, cryogenic targets. Development is needed on a number of aspects of these targets, including shell fabrication, characterization, cryogenic layering and target handling. However, coordinated R and D programs are in place and work is in process to carry out the needed development. It is vital to the success of inertial fusion that this work be sustained. Coordinated effort, like the National Cryogenic Target Program in the USA, will help make the development activities as efficient and effective as possible, and should be encouraged.

Schultz, K.R. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Norimatsu, T. [Osaka Univ. (Japan). Inst. of Laser Engineering

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Laser-driven proton acceleration using a conical nanobrush target  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A conical nanobrush target is proposed to improve the total proton energy-conversion efficiency in proton beam acceleration and investigated by two-dimensional particle-in-cell (2D-PIC) simulations. Results indicate a significant enhancement of the number and energies of hot electrons through the target rear side of the conical nanobrush target. Compared with the plain target, the field increases several times. We observe enhancements of the average proton energy and total laser-proton energy conversion efficiency of 105%. This enhancement is attributed to both nanobrush and conical configurations. The proton beam is well collimated with a divergence angle less than 28{sup Degree-Sign }. The proposed target may serve as a new method for increasing laser to proton energy-conversion efficiency.

Yu Jinqing [Science and Technology on Plasma Physics Laboratory, Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Vacuum Electronics National Laboratory, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China); Zhao Zongqing; Yan Yonghong; Zhou Weimin; Cao Leifeng; Gu Yuqiu [Science and Technology on Plasma Physics Laboratory, Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Jin Xiaolin; Li Bin [Vacuum Electronics National Laboratory, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China); Wu Fengjuan [Science and Technology on Plasma Physics Laboratory, Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Laboratory of Extreme Conditions Matter Properties, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010 (China)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

Method for identifying subsurface fluid migration and drainage pathways in and among oil and gas reservoirs using 3-D and 4-D seismic imaging  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention utilizes 3-D and 4-D seismic surveys as a means of deriving information useful in petroleum exploration and reservoir management. The methods use both single seismic surveys (3-D) and multiple seismic surveys separated in time (4-D) of a region of interest to determine large scale migration pathways within sedimentary basins, and fine scale drainage structure and oil-water-gas regions within individual petroleum producing reservoirs. Such structure is identified using pattern recognition tools which define the regions of interest. The 4-D seismic data sets may be used for data completion for large scale structure where time intervals between surveys do not allow for dynamic evolution. The 4-D seismic data sets also may be used to find variations over time of small scale structure within individual reservoirs which may be used to identify petroleum drainage pathways, oil-water-gas regions and, hence, attractive drilling targets. After spatial orientation, and amplitude and frequency matching of the multiple seismic data sets, High Amplitude Event (HAE) regions consistent with the presence of petroleum are identified using seismic attribute analysis. High Amplitude Regions are grown and interconnected to establish plumbing networks on the large scale and reservoir structure on the small scale. Small scale variations over time between seismic surveys within individual reservoirs are identified and used to identify drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum to be recovered. The location of such drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum may be used to site wells. 22 figs.

Anderson, R.N.; Boulanger, A.; Bagdonas, E.P.; Xu, L.; He, W.

1996-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

429

Method for identifying subsurface fluid migration and drainage pathways in and among oil and gas reservoirs using 3-D and 4-D seismic imaging  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention utilizes 3-D and 4-D seismic surveys as a means of deriving information useful in petroleum exploration and reservoir management. The methods use both single seismic surveys (3-D) and multiple seismic surveys separated in time (4-D) of a region of interest to determine large scale migration pathways within sedimentary basins, and fine scale drainage structure and oil-water-gas regions within individual petroleum producing reservoirs. Such structure is identified using pattern recognition tools which define the regions of interest. The 4-D seismic data sets may be used for data completion for large scale structure where time intervals between surveys do not allow for dynamic evolution. The 4-D seismic data sets also may be used to find variations over time of small scale structure within individual reservoirs which may be used to identify petroleum drainage pathways, oil-water-gas regions and, hence, attractive drilling targets. After spatial orientation, and amplitude and frequency matching of the multiple seismic data sets, High Amplitude Event (HAE) regions consistent with the presence of petroleum are identified using seismic attribute analysis. High Amplitude Regions are grown and interconnected to establish plumbing networks on the large scale and reservoir structure on the small scale. Small scale variations over time between seismic surveys within individual reservoirs are identified and used to identify drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum to be recovered. The location of such drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum may be used to site wells.

Anderson, Roger N. (New York, NY); Boulanger, Albert (New York, NY); Bagdonas, Edward P. (Brookline, MA); Xu, Liqing (New Milford, NJ); He, Wei (New Milford, NJ)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Hybrid-drive implosion system for ICF targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Hybrid-drive implosion systems (20,40) for ICF targets (10,22,42) are described which permit a significant increase in target gain at fixed total driver energy. The ICF target is compressed in two phases, an initial compression phase and a final peak power phase, with each phase driven by a separate, optimized driver. The targets comprise a hollow spherical ablator (12) surroundingly disposed around fusion fuel (14). The ablator is first compressed to higher density by a laser system (24), or by an ion beam system (44), that in each case is optimized for this initial phase of compression of the target. Then, following compression of the ablator, energy is directly delivered into the compressed ablator by an ion beam driver system (30,48) that is optimized for this second phase of operation of the target. The fusion fuel (14) is driven, at high gain, to conditions wherein fusion reactions occur. This phase separation allows hydrodynamic efficiency and energy deposition uniformity to be individually optimized, thereby securing significant advantages in energy gain. In additional embodiments, the same or separate drivers supply energy for ICF target implosion.

Mark, James W. (Danville, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Hybrid-drive implosion system for ICF targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Hybrid-drive implosion systems for ICF targets are described which permit a significant increase in target gain at fixed total driver energy. The ICF target is compressed in two phases, an initial compression phase and a final peak power phase, with each phase driven by a separate, optimized driver. The targets comprise a hollow spherical ablator surroundingly disposed around fusion fuel. The ablator is first compressed to higher density by a laser system, or by an ion beam system, that in each case is optimized for this initial phase of compression of the target. Then, following compression of the ablator, energy is directly delivered into the compressed ablator by an ion beam driver system that is optimized for this second phase of operation of the target. The fusion fuel is driven, at high gain, to conditions wherein fusion reactions occur. This phase separation allows hydrodynamic efficiency and energy deposition uniformity to be individually optimized, thereby securing significant advantages in energy gain. In additional embodiments, the same or separate drivers supply energy for ICF target implosion. 3 figs.

Mark, J.W.K.

1987-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

432

Accelerator-based fusion with a low temperature target  

SciTech Connect

Neutron generators are in use in a number of scientific and commercial endeavors. They function by triggering fusion reactions between accelerated ions (usually deuterons) and a stationary cold target (e.g., containing tritium). This setup has the potential to generate energy. It has been shown that if the energy transfer between injected ions and target electrons is sufficiently small, net energy gain can be achieved. Three possible avenues are: (a) a hot target with high electron temperature, (b) a cold non-neutral target with an electron deficiency, or (c) a cold target with a high Fermi energy. A study of the third possibility is reported in light of recent research that points to a new phase of hydrogen, which is hypothesized to be related to metallic hydrogen. As such, the target is considered to be composed of nuclei and delocalized electrons. The electrons are treated as conduction electrons, with the average minimum excitation energy being approximately equal to 40% of the Fermi energy. The Fermi energy is directly related to the electron density. Preliminary results indicate that if the claimed electron densities in the new phase of hydrogen were achieved in a target, the energy transfer to electrons would be small enough to allow net energy gain.

Phillips, R. E.; Ordonez, C. A. [Department of Physics, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203-5017 (United States)

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

433

How to use Target Finder | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

use Target Finder use Target Finder Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

434

Beamed Energy Propulsion by Means of Target Ablation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes hundreds of pendulum tests examining the beamed energy conversion efficiency of different metal targets coated with multiple liquid enhancers. Preliminary testing used a local laser with photographic paper targets, with no liquid, water, canola oil, or methanol additives. Laboratory experimentation was completed at Wright-Patterson AFB using a high-powered laser, and ballistic pendulums of aluminum, titanium, or copper. Dry targets, and those coated with water, methanol and oil were repeatedly tested in laboratory conditions. Results were recorded on several high-speed digital video cameras, and the conversion efficiency was calculated. Paper airplanes successfully launched using BEP were likewise recorded.

Rosenberg, Benjamin A. [Hilton Head High School, Hilton Head Island, SC 29926 (United States)

2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

435

Magneized target fusion: An overview of the concept  

SciTech Connect

Magnetized target fusion (MTF) seeks to take advantage of the reduction of thermal conductivity through the application of a strong magneticfield and thereby ease the requirements for reaching fusion conditions in a thermonuclear (TN) fusion fuel. A potentially important benefit of the strong field in the partial trapping of energetic charged particles to enhance energy deposition by the TN fusion reaction products. The essential physics is described. MTF appears to lead to fusion targets that require orders of magnitude less power and intensity for fusion ignition than currently proposed (unmagnetized) inertial confinement fusion (ICF) targets do, making some very energetic pulsed power drivers attractive for realizing controlled fusion.

Kirkpatrick, R.C.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

Identified particle production, azimuthal anisotropy, and interferometry measurements in Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 9.2 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first measurements of identified hadron production, azimuthal anisotropy, and pion interferometry from Au+Au collisions below the nominal injection energy at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) facility. The data were collected using the large acceptance STAR detector at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 9.2 GeV from a test run of the collider in the year 2008. Midrapidity results on multiplicity density (dN/dy) in rapidity (y), average transverse momentum (), particle ratios, elliptic flow, and HBT radii are consistent with the corresponding results at similar $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ from fixed target experiments. Directed flow measurements are presented for both midrapidity and forward rapidity regions. Furthermore the collision centrality dependence of identified particle dN/dy, , and particle ratios are discussed. These results also demonstrate the readiness of the STAR detector to undertake the proposed QCD critical point search and the exploration of the QCD phase diagram at RHIC.

STAR Collaboration; B. I. Abelev

2009-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

437

Topo II: An Enzyme Target for Antibacterial and Cancer Drugs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Topo II: An Enzyme Target for Antibacterial and Cancer Drugs Print Topo II: An Enzyme Target for Antibacterial and Cancer Drugs Print The veil has finally been lifted on an enzyme that is critical to the process of DNA transcription and replication and is a prime target of antibacterial and anticancer drugs. Researchers at Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley, have produced the first three-dimensional structural images of a DNA-bound type II topoisomerase (topo II) that is responsible for untangling coiled strands of the chromosome during cell division. Preventing topo II from disentangling a cell's DNA is fatal to the cell, which is why drugs that target topo II serve as agents against bacterial infections and some forms of cancer. This first ever structural image of topo II should help in the development of future antibacterial and anticancer drugs that are even more effective and carry fewer potential side effects.

438

Measuring Energy Access: Supporting a Global Target | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measuring Energy Access: Supporting a Global Target Measuring Energy Access: Supporting a Global Target Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Measuring Energy Access: Supporting a Global Target Agency/Company /Organization: Columbia University Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications Website: www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Services/Energy_and_Climate_Change/ Cost: Free Language: English References: Measuring Energy Access: Supporting a Global Target[1] "This paper first describes the relevant context, definitions, data, and links to national policies and energy planning. Section 2 reviews relevant development and energy metrics. Several options for measuring energy access are then presented in section 3. Finally, Section 4 offers thoughts on

439

TARGET: Science and Engineering Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TARGET: Science and Engineering Program TARGET: Science and Engineering Program TARGET: Science and Engineering Program January 1, 2013 12:30PM EST to April 1, 2013 5:30PM EDT Fermilab This program at Fermilab is a highly competitive paid six-week summer internship opportunity for Illinois high school sophomores and juniors who have strong interest and demonstrated aptitude for mathematics and the sciences, physics, in particular. The program's goals are to encourage high school students to undertake college study and pursue careers grounded in physics, mathematics, engineering, and technology. TARGET aims to grow representation of underrepresented groups (Black, Hispanic, Native American and women) in the sciences and engineering at the college level and consequently the workforce. Each student is paid an hourly rate of $8.25 for 20 hours of work per week.

440

Simulation of sub-pixel thermal target detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectral unmixing is commonly used in the solar-reflective spectral regime to find materials down to abundances ('pixel fill factors' (PFFs) or 'target fractions') of (typically) ?10%.12 However, little is known about whether such spectral unmixing ...

Christoph C. Borel; Ronald F. Tuttle

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Signal selective DOA tracking for multiple moving targets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new algorithm for signal selective tracking of the directions-of-arrival (DOAs) of multiple moving targets with an array of passive sensors is presented. A new method based on the principles of maximum likelihood estimation and cyclostationarity is ...

J. Riba; J. Goldberg; G. Vazquez; M. A. Lagunas

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Homodyne target tracking for direct drive laser inertial fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Laboratory. Inertial Fusion Energy: How IFE Works,Tracking of Direct Drive Inertial Fusion Targets."Fusion Science and Technology 52.3 (2007): 435-439. Tillack,

Spalding, Jon David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Simulating Range Oversampled Doppler Radar Profiles of Inhomogeneous Targets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new technique for generating range oversampled profiles of Doppler radar signals that have been backscattered by distributed targets is presented in this paper. The technique was developed for spaceborne cloud radars, but it can just as well be ...

N. A. J. Schutgens

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Targeting Of Potential Geothermal Resources In The Great Basin From  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Targeting Of Potential Geothermal Resources In The Great Basin From Targeting Of Potential Geothermal Resources In The Great Basin From Regional To Basin-Scale Relationship Between Geodetic Strain And Geological Structures Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Targeting Of Potential Geothermal Resources In The Great Basin From Regional To Basin-Scale Relationship Between Geodetic Strain And Geological Structures Details Activities (9) Areas (3) Regions (0) Abstract: We apply a new method to target potential geothermal resources on the regional scale in the Great Basin by seeking relationships between geologic structures and GPS-geodetic observations of regional tectonic strain. First, we establish a theoretical basis for underst~dingh ow the rate of fracture opening can be related to the directional trend of faults

445

Topo II: An Enzyme Target for Antibacterial and Cancer Drugs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Topo II: An Enzyme Target for Antibacterial and Cancer Drugs Print Topo II: An Enzyme Target for Antibacterial and Cancer Drugs Print The veil has finally been lifted on an enzyme that is critical to the process of DNA transcription and replication and is a prime target of antibacterial and anticancer drugs. Researchers at Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley, have produced the first three-dimensional structural images of a DNA-bound type II topoisomerase (topo II) that is responsible for untangling coiled strands of the chromosome during cell division. Preventing topo II from disentangling a cell's DNA is fatal to the cell, which is why drugs that target topo II serve as agents against bacterial infections and some forms of cancer. This first ever structural image of topo II should help in the development of future antibacterial and anticancer drugs that are even more effective and carry fewer potential side effects.

446

Independent Oversight Targeted Review, Y-12 National Security Complex -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Y-12 National Security Y-12 National Security Complex - February 2012 Independent Oversight Targeted Review, Y-12 National Security Complex - February 2012 February 2012 Targeted Review of Site Preparedness for Severe Natural Phenomena Events at the Y-12 National Security Complex This report documents the independent targeted review of the Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) preparedness for severe natural phenomena events, conducted by the Office of Enforcement and Oversight (Independent Oversight) within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS). The review was performed by the HSS Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations and was carried out as the pilot for similar reviews at other U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites. The purpose of the targeted review

447

Matter wave optical techniques for probing many-body targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis reports on our investigation of the uses of matter waves to probe many-body targets. We begin by discussing decoherence in an atom interferometer, in which a free gas acts as a refractive medium for a matter ...

Sanders, Scott Nicholas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

The Cost of Kyoto Protocol Targets: The Case of Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper applies the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model to analysis of the cost of the Kyoto Protocol targets, with a special focus on Japan. The analysis demonstrates the implications of the use ...

Paltsev, Sergey.

449

Gold Coated Lanthanide Phosphate Nanoparticles for Targeted Alpha Generator Radiotherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Targeted radiotherapies maximize cytotoxicty to cancer cells. In vivo generators such as 225Ac, which emits four particles in its decay chain, can significantly amplify the radiation dose delivered to the target site. However, renal dose from unbound 213Bi escaping during the decay process limits the dose of 225Ac that can be administered. Traditional chelating moieties are unable to sequester the radioactive daughters because of the high recoil energy from alpha particle emission. To counter this, we demonstrate that an engineered multilayered nanoparticle-antibody conjugate can both deliver radiation and contain the decay daughters of the in vivo -generator 225Ac while targeting biologically relevant receptors. These multi-shell nanoparticles combine the radiation resistance of crystalline lanthanide phosphate to encapsulate and contain 225Ac and its radioactive decay daughters, the magnetic properties of gadolinium phosphate for easy separation, and established surface chemistry of gold for attachment of nanoparticles to targeting antibodies.

McLaughlin, Mark F [ORNL; Woodward, Jonathan [ORNL; Boll, Rose Ann [ORNL; Wall, Jonathan [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Rondinone, Adam Justin [ORNL; Kennel, Steve J [ORNL; Mirzadeh, Saed [ORNL; Robertson, David J. [University of Missouri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

A dynamically polarized hydrogen and deuterium target at Jefferson Lab  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Polarized electron beams have been successfully used at Jefferson Lab for over a year. The authors now report the successful achievement of polarized targets for nuclear and particle physics experiments using the dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP)technique. The technique involves initial irradiation of frozen ammonia crystals (NH{sub 3} and ND{sub 3}) using the electron beam from the new Free Electron Laser (FEL) facility at Jefferson Lab, and transferring the crystals to a special target holder for use in Experimental Halls. By subjecting the still ionized and frozen ammonia crystals to a strong magnetic field and suitably tuned RF, the high electron polarization is transmitted to the nucleus thus achieving target polarization. Details of the irradiation facility, the target holder, irradiation times, ionized crystal shelf life, and achieved polarization are discussed.

Boyce, J.R.; Keith, C.; Mitchell, J.; Seely, M.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Treatment of biomass to obtain a target chemical  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Target chemicals were produced using biocatalysts that are able to ferment sugars derived from treated biomass. Sugars were obtained by pretreating biomass under conditions of high solids and low ammonia concentration, followed by saccharification.

Dunson, Jr., James B. (Newark, DE); Tucker, III, Melvin P. (Lakewood, CO); Elander, Richard T. (Evergreen, CO); Hennessey, Susan Marie (Avondale, PA)

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

452

olants for Targeted Organ-Protective-Cooling During Surgery and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A U.S. Department of Energy laboratory managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC Medical Ice Slurry Coolants for Inducing Targeted- OrganTissue Protective Cooling by: Dr. Ken Kasza (PhD;...

453

An Architecture for Sensor Data Fusion Target Tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many geographic target trackingscenarios provide difficult geospatialenvironments for collecting reliable sensor data.As a result multiple sensor data sources must beintegrated together to rovide a reliable estimateof an object's position as it moves ...

Robert Bonneau; James Perretta; Brian Rahn; Mark D. Barnell

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Laser microdrilling in the fabrication of laser fusion targets  

SciTech Connect

A brief discussion on the use and performance of laser microdrilling is given. The fabrication of a ''ball-in-plate'' fusion target is described. (MOW)

Weinstein, B.W.; Hendricks, C.D.; Weir, J.T.

1975-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

455

Design of 4D treatment planning target volumes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: When using non-patient-specific treatment planning margins, respiratory motion may lead to geometric miss of the target while unnecessarily irradiating normal tissue. Imaging different respiratory states of a patient allows patient-specific target design. We used four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) to characterize tumor motion and create treatment volumes in 10 patients with lung cancer. These were compared with standard treatment volumes. Methods and Materials: Four-dimensional CT and free breathing helical CT data of 10 patients were acquired. Gross target volumes (GTV) were delineated on the helical scan as well as on each phase of the 4D data. Composite GTVs were defined on 4DCT. Planning target volumes (PTV) including clinical target volume, internal margin (IM), and setup margin were generated. 4DPTVs with different IMs and standard PTVs were compared by computing centroid positions, volumes, volumetric overlap, and bounding boxes. Results: Four-dimensional PTVs and conventional PTVs differed in volume and centroid positions. Overlap between 4DPTVs generated from two extreme tumor positions only compared with 10 respiratory phases was 93.7%. Comparing PTVs with margins of 15 mm (IM 5 mm) on composite 4D target volumes to PTVs with 20 mm (IM 10 mm) on helical CT data resulted in a decrease in target volume sizes by 23% on average. Conclusion: With patient-specific characterization of tumor motion, it should be possible to decrease internal margins. Patient-specific treatment volumes can be generated using extreme tumor positions on 4DCT. To date, more than 150 patients have been treated using 4D target design.

Rietzel, Eike [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States) and Abteilung Biophysik, Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany)]. E-mail: eike@rietzel.net; Liu, Arthur K. Ph.D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Doppke, Karen P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Wolfgang, John A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Chen, Aileen B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Chen, George T.Y. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Choi, Noah C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

EURISOL-DS Multi-Megawatt Target: Remote Handling Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design proposed within Task #2 of the EURISOL Design Study for the remote handling of the mercury converter target and its associated loop is presented with particular emphasis on achieving rapid turn-around during routine maintenance.The converter target needs to be completely exchanged every four months due to the high irradiation damage sustained. Other components are less susceptible to damage but may need periodic maintenance; in particular the on-line isotopic separation unit in the mercury loop.

Cyril Kharoua, Olivier Choisnet, Yacine Kadi, Karel Samec (CERN)

457

Whole-building energy targets ``A`` prototype, initial version  

SciTech Connect

The Whole-Building Energy Targets project, sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), is developing a methodology for generating energy performance targets for commercial buildings. The methodology and implementing software have potential applications to energy standards and guidelines, advanced building design tools, energy retrofit analysis, demand-side management programs, and the planning and assessment of building energy research. Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) is conducting the Targets project with assistance from three leading building-industry associations -- the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE); the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES); and the American Institute of Architects/Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture (AIA/ACSA) Council on Architectural Research. The project`s objective is to develop a methodology to generate energy performance targets for design, check the compliance of commercial-building designs with those targets, and evaluate design alternatives. Two previous phases of the project have been completed -- Phase 1 Planning and Phase 2 Concept Development. The current phase is called Phase 3 System Development. Key elements of the technical approach are that targets will be based on space functions (i.e., the collection of activities and corresponding areas within a building) rather than building types, generated using economic optimization methods, and custom-generated for specific building projects. Pacific Northwest Laboratory is developing computer software, referred to as the ``Targets software,`` that implements this methodology. The Targets software will enable the methodology to be demonstrated and tested and is intended to provide the basis for final computer applications incorporating the methodology.

Briggs, R.S.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Vacuum aperture isolator for retroreflection from laser-irradiated target  

SciTech Connect

The disclosure is directed to a vacuum aperture isolator for retroreflection of a laser-irradiated target. Within a vacuum chamber are disposed a beam focusing element, a disc having an aperture and a recollimating element. The edge of the focused beam impinges on the edge of the aperture to produce a plasma which refracts any retroreflected light from the laser's target.

Benjamin, Robert F. (Los Alamos, NM); Mitchell, Kenneth B. (Los Alamos, NM)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

NREL-Using RETScreen To Identify the Most Promising Clean Energy Projects  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL-Using RETScreen To Identify the Most Promising Clean Energy Projects NREL-Using RETScreen To Identify the Most Promising Clean Energy Projects Webinar Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Using RETScreen To Identify the Most Promising Clean Energy Projects Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner: United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Training materials, Software/modeling tools, Webinar User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/state_local_activities/webinar_2010 Cost: Free Using RETScreen To Identify the Most Promising Clean Energy Projects Screenshot References: Using RETScreen To Identify the Most Promising Clean Energy Projects[1] Logo: Using RETScreen To Identify the Most Promising Clean Energy Projects

460

Identifying and Remediating High Water Production Problems in Basin-Centered Formations  

SciTech Connect

Through geochemical analyses of produced waters, petrophysics, and reservoir simulation we developed concepts and approaches for mitigating unwanted water production in tight gas reservoirs and for increasing recovery of gas resources presently considered noncommercial. Only new completion research (outside the scope of this study) will validate our hypothesis. The first task was assembling and interpreting a robust regional database of historical produced-water analyses to address the production of excessive water in basin-centered tight gas fields in the Greater Green (GGRB ) and Wind River basins (WRB), Wyoming. The database is supplemented with a sampling program in currently active areas. Interpretation of the regional water chemistry data indicates most produced waters reflect their original depositional environments and helps identify local anomalies related to basement faulting. After the assembly and evaluation phases of this project, we generated a working model of tight formation reservoir development, based on the regional nature and occurrence of the formation waters. Through an integrative approach to numerous existing reservoir concepts, we synthesized a generalized development scheme organized around reservoir confining stress cycles. This single overarching scheme accommodates a spectrum of outcomes from the GGRB and Wind River basins. Burial and tectonic processes destroy much of the depositional intergranular fabric of the reservoir, generate gas, and create a rock volume marked by extremely low permeabilities to gas and fluids. Stress release associated with uplift regenerates reservoir permeability through the development of a penetrative grain bounding natural fracture fabric. Reservoir mineral composition, magnitude of the stress cycle and local tectonics govern the degree, scale and exact mechanism of permeability development. We applied the reservoir working model to an area of perceived anomalous water production. Detailed water analyses, seismic mapping, petrophysics, and reservoir simulation indicate a lithologic and structural component to excessive in situ water permeability. Higher formation water salinity was found to be a good pay indicator. Thus spontaneous potential (SP) and resistivity ratio approaches combined with accurate formation water resistivity (Rw) information may be underutilized tools. Reservoir simulation indicates significant infill potential in the demonstration area. Macro natural fracture permeability was determined to be a key element affecting both gas and water production. Using the reservoir characterization results, we generated strategies for avoidance and mitigation of unwanted water production in the field. These strategies include (1) more selective perforation by improved pay determination, (2) using seismic attributes to avoid small-scale fault zones, and (3) utilizing detailed subsurface information to deliberately target optimally located small scale fault zones high in the reservoir gas column. Tapping into the existing natural fracture network represents opportunity for generating dynamic value. Recognizing the crucial role of stress release in the natural generation of permeability within tight reservoirs raises the possibility of manmade generation of permeability through local confining stress release. To the extent that relative permeabilities prevent gas and water movement in the deep subsurface a reduction in stress around a wellbore has the potential to increase the relative permeability conditions, allowing gas to flow. For this reason, future research into cavitation completion methods for deep geopressured reservoirs is recommended.

R.L. Billingsley

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identify target audiences" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Multi-target tracking - linking identities using Bayesian network inference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-target tracking requires locating the targets and labeling their identities. The latter is a challenge when many targets, with indistinct appearances, frequently occlude one another, as in football and surveillance tracking. We present an approach to solving this labeling problem. When isolated, a target can be tracked and its identity maintained. While, if targets interact this is not always the case. This paper assumes a track graph exists, denoting when targets are isolated and describing how they interact. Measures of similarity between isolated tracks are defined. The goal is to associate the identities of the isolated tracks, by exploiting the graph constraints and similarity measures. We formulate this as a Bayesian network inference problem, allowing us to use standard message propagation to find the most probable set of paths in an efficient way. The high complexity inevitable in large problems is gracefully reduced by removing dependency links between tracks. We apply the method to a 10 min sequence of an international football game and compare results to ground truth. 1.

Peter Nillius; Josephine Sullivan; Stefan Carlsson

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Metrology Challenges for High Energy Density Science Target Manufacture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, High Energy Density Science (HEDS) experiments are used to support and qualify predictive physics models. These models assume ideal conditions such as energy (input) and device (target) geometry. The experiments rely on precision targets constructed from components with dimensions in the millimeter range, while having micrometer-scale, functional features, including planar steps, sine waves, and step-joint geometry on hemispherical targets. Future target designs will likely have features and forms that rival or surpass current manufacturing and characterization capability. The dimensional metrology of these features is important for a number of reasons, including qualification of sub-components prior to assembly, quantification of critical features on the as-built assemblies and as a feedback mechanism for fabrication process development. Variations in geometry from part to part can lead to functional limitations, such as unpredictable instabilities during an experiment and the inability to assemble a target from poorly matched sub-components. Adding to the complexity are the large number and variety of materials, components, and shapes that render any single metrology technique difficult to use with low uncertainty. Common materials include metal and glass foams, doped transparent and opaque plastics and a variety of deposited and wrought metals. A suite of metrology tools and techniques developed to address the many critical issues relevant to the manufacture of HEDS targets including interferometry, x-ray radiography and contact metrology are presented including two sided interferometry for absolute thickness metrology and low force probe technology for micrometer feature coordinate metrology.

Seugling, R M; Bono, M J; Davis, P

2009-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

463

Proposed generation and compression of a target plasma for MTF  

SciTech Connect

Magnetized target fusion (MTF), in which a magnetothermally insulated plasma is hydrodynamically compressed to fusion conditions, represents an approach to controlled fusion which avoids difficulties of both traditional inertial confinement and magnetic confinement approaches. The authors are proposing to demonstrate the feasibility of magnetized target fusion by: (1) creating a suitable magnetized target plasma, (2) performing preliminary liner compression experiments using existing pulsed power facilities and demonstrated liner performance. Once the target plasma and the means for its generation have been optimized, the authors plan to conduct preliminary liner compression experiments aimed at demonstrating the near-adiabatic compression of the target plasma desired for MTF. Relevant liner compression experiments have been performed at Los Alamos in the Scyllac Fast Liner Program and, more recently, in the Pegasus facility and the Procyon explosive pulsed power program. In a series of liner experiments they plan to map out the dependence of temperature and neutron production as functions of the initial plasma conditions and the liner compression achieved. With the above research program, they intend to demonstrate most of the key principles involved in magnetized target fusion, and develop the experimental and theoretical tools needed to design and execute fully integrated MTF ignition experiments.

Kirkpatrick, R.C.; Thurston, R.S.; Chrien, R.E. [and others

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Identifying and Resolving Issues in EnergyPlus and DOE-2 Window Heat Transfer Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Issues in building energy software accuracy are often identified by comparative, analytical, and empirical testing as delineated in the BESTEST methodology. As described in this report, window-related discrepancies in heating energy predictions were identified through comparative testing of EnergyPlus and DOE-2. Multiple causes for discrepancies were identified, and software fixes are recommended to better align the models with the intended algorithms and underlying test data.

Booten, C.; Kruis, N.; Christensen, C.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Carbon sequestration with enhanced gas recovery: Identifying candidate sites for pilot study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Process modeling of carbon sequestration with enhanced gas2001. Reichle, D. et al.. Carbon sequestration research andCarbon Sequestration with Enhanced Gas Recovery: Identifying

Oldenburg, C.M.; Benson, S.M.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Asthma patients with specific genotypes identified for fish oil treatment trial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

genotypes identified for fish oil treatment trial Thecommon chronic disease. Fish oils containing omega-3 fattyinflammatory diseases. Fish oil inhibits the production of

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Major carcinogenic pathways identified by gene expression analysis of peritoneal mesotheliomas following chemical treatment in F344 rats  

SciTech Connect

This study was performed to characterize the gene expression profile and to identify the major carcinogenic pathways involved in rat peritoneal mesothelioma (RPM) formation following treatment of Fischer 344 rats with o-nitrotoluene (o-NT) or bromochloracetic acid (BCA). Oligo arrays, with over 20,000 target genes, were used to evaluate o-NT- and BCA-induced RPMs, when compared to a non-transformed mesothelial cell line (Fred-PE). Analysis using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis software revealed 169 cancer-related genes that were categorized into binding activity, growth and proliferation, cell cycle progression, apoptosis, and invasion and metastasis. The microarray data were validated by positive correlation with quantitative real-time RT-PCR on 16 selected genes including igf1, tgfb3 and nov. Important carcinogenic pathways involved in RPM formation included insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), p38 MAPkinase, Wnt/{beta}-catenin and integrin signaling pathways. This study demonstrated that mesotheliomas in rats exposed to o-NT- and BCA were similar to mesotheliomas in humans, at least at the cellular and molecular level.

Kim, Yongbaek [Environmental Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, MD B3-08, 111 Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Thai-Vu Ton [Environmental Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, MD B3-08, 111 Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); De Angelo, Anthony B. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Morgan, Kevin [Aventis, Bridgewater, NJ 08807 (United States); Devereux, Theodora R. [Environmental Carcinogenesis Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Anna, Colleen [Environmental Carcinogenesis Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Collins, Jennifer B. [Microarray Group, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Paules, Richard S. [Microarray Group, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Crosby, Lynn M. [Wyeth Research, Chazy, NY 12921 (United States); Sills, Robert C. [Environmental Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, MD B3-08, 111 Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States)]. E-mail: sills@niehs.nih.gov

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

468

Final report SI 08-SI-004: Fusion application targets  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Complex target structures are necessary to take full advantage of the unique laboratory environment created by inertial confinement fusion experiments. For example, uses-of-ignition targets that contain a thin layer of a low density nanoporous material inside a spherical ablator shell allow placing dopants in direct contact with the DT fuel. The ideal foam for this application is a low-density hydrocarbon foam that is strong enough to survive wetting with cryogenic hydrogen, and low enough in density (density less than {approx}30 mg/cc) to not reduce the yield of the target. Here, we discuss the fabrication foam-lined uses-of-ignition targets, and the development of low-density foams that can be used for this application. Much effort has been directed over the last 20 years toward the development of spherical foam targets for direct-drive and fast-ignition experiments. In these targets, the spherical foam shell is used to define the shape of the cryogenic DT fuel layer, or acts as a surrogate to simulate the cryogenic fuel layer. These targets are fabricated from relatively high-density aerogels (>100 mg/cc) and coated with a few micron thick permeation barrier. With exception of the above mentioned fast ignition targets, the wall of these targets is typically larger than 100 microns. In contrast, the fusion application targets for indirect-drive experiments on NIF will require a much thinner foam shell surrounded by a much thicker ablator shell. The design requirements for both types of targets are compared in Table 1. The foam shell targets for direct-drive experiments can be made in large quantities and with reasonably high yields using an encapsulation technique pioneered by Takagi et al. in the early 90's. In this approach, targets are made by first generating unsupported foam shells using a triple-orifice droplet generator, followed by coating the dried foam shells with a thin permeation barrier. However, this approach is difficult, if not impossible, to transfer to the lower density and thinner wall foam shells required for indirect-drive uses-of-ignition targets for NIF that then would have to be coated with an at least hundred-micron-thick ablator film. So far, the thinnest shells that have been fabricated using the triple-orifice-droplet generator technique had a wall thickness of {approx}20 microns, but despite of being made from a higher-density foam formulation, the shells were mechanically very sensitive, difficult to dry, and showed large deviations from roundness. We thus decided to explore a different approach based on using prefabricated thick-walled spherical ablator shells as templates for the thin-walled foam shell. As in the case of the above mentioned encapsulation technique, the foam is made by sol-gel chemistry. However, our approach removes much the requirements on the mechanical stability of the foam shell as the foam shell is never handled in its free-standing form, and promises superior ablator uniformity and surface roughness. As discussed below, the success of this approach depends strongly on the availability of suitable aerogel chemistries (ideally pure hydrocarbon (CH)-based systems) with suitable rheological properties (high viscosity and high modulus near the gel point) that produce low-density and mechanically strong foams.

Biener, J; Kucheyev, S O; Wang, M Y; Dawedeit, C; Worsley, M A; Kim, S H; Walton, C; Gilmer, G; Zepeda-Ruiz, L; Chernov, A A; Lee, J I; Willey, T M; Biener, M M; van Buuren, T; Wu, K J; Satcher, J H; Hamza, A V

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

469

Final report SI 08-SI-004: Fusion application targets  

SciTech Connect

Complex target structures are necessary to take full advantage of the unique laboratory environment created by inertial confinement fusion experiments. For example, uses-of-ignition targets that contain a thin layer of a low density nanoporous material inside a spherical ablator shell allow placing dopants in direct contact with the DT fuel. The ideal foam for this application is a low-density hydrocarbon foam that is strong enough to survive wetting with cryogenic hydrogen, and low enough in density (density less than {approx}30 mg/cc) to not reduce the yield of the target. Here, we discuss the fabrication foam-lined uses-of-ignition targets, and the development of low-density foams that can be used for this application. Much effort has been directed over the last 20 years toward the development of spherical foam targets for direct-drive and fast-ignition experiments. In these targets, the spherical foam shell is used to define the shape of the cryogenic DT fuel layer, or acts as a surrogate to simulate the cryogenic fuel layer. These targets are fabricated from relatively high-density aerogels (>100 mg/cc) and coated with a few micron thick permeation barrier. With exception of the above mentioned fast ignition targets, the wall of these targets is typically larger than 100 microns. In contrast, the fusion application targets for indirect-drive experiments on NIF will require a much thinner foam shell surrounded by a much thicker ablator shell. The design requirements for both types of targets are compared in Table 1. The foam shell targets for direct-drive experiments can be made in large quantities and with reasonably high yields using an encapsulation technique pioneered by Takagi et al. in the early 90's. In this approach, targets are made by first generating unsupported foam shells using a triple-orifice droplet generator, followed by coating the dried foam shells with a thin permeation barrier. However, this approach is difficult, if not impossible, to transfer to the lower density and thinner wall foam shells required for indirect-drive uses-of-ignition targets for NIF that then would have to be coated with an at least hundred-micron-thick ablator film. So far, the thinnest shells that have been fabricated using the triple-orifice-droplet generator technique had a wall thickness of {approx}20 microns, but despite of being made from a higher-density foam formulation, the shells were mechanically very sensitive, difficult to dry, and showed large deviations from roundness. We thus decided to explore a different approach based on using prefabricated thick-walled spherical ablator shells as templates for the thin-walled foam shell. As in the case of the above mentioned encapsulation technique, the foam is made by sol-gel chemistry. However, our approach removes much the requirements on the mechanical stability of the foam shell as the foam shell is never handled in its free-standing form, and promises superior ablator uniformity and surface roughness. As discussed below, the success of this approach depends strongly on the availability of suitable aerogel chemistries (ideally pure hydrocarbon (CH)-based systems) with suitable rheological properties (high viscosity and high modulus near the gel point) that produce low-density and mechanically strong foams.

Biener, J; Kucheyev, S O; Wang, M Y; Dawedeit, C; Worsley, M A; Kim, S H; Walton, C; Gilmer, G; Zepeda-Ruiz, L; Chernov, A A; Lee, J I; Willey, T M; Biener, M M; van Buuren, T; Wu, K J; Satcher, J H; Hamza, A V

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

470

Functional genomic screening identifies dual leucine zipper kinase as a key mediator of retinal ganglion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Changchun 130000, China; d Department of Ophthalmology, Harbin Medical University, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150086, China; e National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences targets for the development of neuroprotective drugs, we developed a high-throughput RNA in- terference

Dong, Xinzhong

471

An ant colony optimization based algorithm for identifying gene regulatory elements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is one of the most important tasks in bioinformatics to identify the regulatory elements in gene sequences. Most of the existing algorithms for identifying regulatory elements are inclined to converge into a local optimum, and have high time complexity. ... Keywords: Ant colony optimization, Gene regulatory elements, Motif identification

Wei Liu, Hanwu Chen, Ling Chen

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Study to Identify Potential Improvements of Operation Tools and Support Systems - Non-Proprietary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project analyzed safety significant events (SSEs) in several nuclear power plants to identify where improvements in instrumentation and control (IC) and information technology (IT) could prevent or mitigate some of these events. This report identifies potential improvement paths that could enhance reliability and availability for implementation consideration by utilities where appropriate at their own plants.

2008-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

473

Final report : results of the 2007 targeted investigation at Hilton, Kansas.  

SciTech Connect

The Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), operated a grain storage facility in Hilton, Kansas, in 1954-1965. In 1992, carbon tetrachloride was first identified, at a concentration of 910 {micro}g/L, in groundwater from well GW01 at Hilton. This discovery occurred in association with the sale of the private grain storage facility on which well GW01 is located to the current owner, the Mid-Kansas Cooperative Association. The Kansas Department of Health and Environment conducted investigations at Hilton in 1992-1994. In 1996-1997, Argonne National Laboratory conducted Phase I and Phase II investigations on behalf of the CCC/USDA to characterize the distribution of the carbon tetrachloride contamination identified in well GW01, the stratigraphic units potentially hosting contaminant migration, and local hydrogeology in the Hilton area. The 2007 targeted investigation reported here focused specifically on the former CCC/USDA property at Hilton, west of the railroad tracks. (Until a property record search in 2005, the location of the CCC/USDA's former facility at Hilton was not known with certainty.) The objectives of the investigation, as implemented, were to (1) investigate for carbon tetrachloride contamination in the shallower soil and shallow aquifer units below the former CCC/USDA property and (2) investigate groundwater flow patterns. The key results of the 2007 targeted investigation are as follows: (1) No carbon tetrachloride or chloroform contamination was found in soil or groundwater below the former CCC/USDA facility. (2) The 2007 groundwater level data support a southwesterly direction for groundwater flow in the main Hilton aquifer (Equus Beds), consistent with findings of previous investigations. Contaminated well GW01 was confirmed to be upgradient from the former CCC/USDA facility. (3) The contaminants carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, and 1,2-dibromoethane (ethylene dibromide) were found in groundwater only at well GW01. No evidence of contamination was found in other monitoring wells and piezometers. This pattern is consistent with findings of previous investigations. The findings of the 2007 targeted investigation clearly demonstrate that the former CCC/USDA facility at Hilton was not the source of the carbon tetrachloride contamination persistently detected in well GW01. Well GW01 is approximately 300 ft upgradient from the former CCC/USDA facility. This well is the only sampling location at Hilton where carbon tetrachloride contamination in groundwater has ever been identified. The CCC/USDA never operated grain storage facilities on the property on which well GW01 is located.

LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division

2008-04-29T23:59:59.000Z