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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Part I Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) Enter your TIN in the appropriate box. The TIN provided must match the name given on the "Name" line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Part I Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) Enter your TIN in the appropriate box. The TIN provided). If you do not have a number, see How to get a TIN on page 3. Social security number Route are not required to sign the certification, but you must provide your correct TIN. See the instructions on page 4

He, Chuan

2

Physics 123 Identification Number _________________ Pressure in a Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

= ______________ = ______________ #12;#12;Physics 123 Identification Number _________________ Lab #2 Heat Capacity of a Solid will measure the density of an unknown liquid. You do this by forcing the liquid up a tube using a known amount of pressure (see figure). Pressurize the bottle of liquid by squeezing the hand pump repeatedly. The liquid

Hart, Gus

3

1. Identification Number: 2. Program/Project Title: 3. Recipient  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Personal Property Report Forms Family Other(see special instructions) Frequency Addressees1 1. Identification Number: 2. Program/Project Title: 3. Recipient: 4. Reporting Requirements: A. MANAGEMENT REPORTING Research Performance Progress Report (RPPR) (RD&D Projects) Progress Report (Non

4

Discovery of the Tin Isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thirty-eight tin isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

S. Amos; M. Thoennessen

2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

5

Sputtering of tin and gallium-tin clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tin and gallium-tin clusters have been produced by 4 keV Ar{sup +} ion bombardment of polycrystalline tin and the gallium-tin eutectic alloy and analyzed by time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The sputtered neutral species were photoionized with 193 nm (6.4 eV) excimer laser light. Neutral tin clusters containing up to 10 atoms and mixed gallium-tin clusters Ga{sub (n-m)}Sn{sub m} with n {<=} 4 for the neutrals and N {<=} 3 for the sputtered ionic species have been detected. Laser power density dependent intensity measurements, relative yields, and kinetic energy distributions have been measured. The abundance distributions of the mixed clusters have been found to be nonstatistical due to significant differences in the ionization efficiencies for clusters with equal nuclearity but different number of tin atoms. The results indicate that Ga{sub 2}Sn and Ga{sub 3}Sn like the all-gallium clusters have ionization potentials below 6.4 eV. In the case of Sn{sub 5}, Sn{sub 6}, GaSn and Ga{sub (n-m)}Sn{sub m} clusters with n=2 to 4 and m>1, the authors detect species that have sufficient internal energy to be one photon ionized despite ionization potentials that are higher 6.4 eV. The tin atom signal that is detected can be attributed to photofragmentation of dimers for both sputtering from polycrystalline tin and from the gallium-tin eutectic alloy.

Lill, T.; Calaway, W.F.; Ma, Z.; Pellin, M.J.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Size-Dependent Detachment-Limited Decay Kinetics of Two-Dimensional TiN Islands on TiN(111)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Size-Dependent Detachment-Limited Decay Kinetics of Two-Dimensional TiN Islands on TiN(111) S kinetics of two-dimensional TiN adatom and vacancy islands on atomically smooth TiN(111) terraces. We numbers: 68.35.Md, 68.35.Fx, 68.37.Ef, 82.45.Mp B1-NaCl structure TiN is widely used as a hard wear

Gall, Daniel

7

IDENTIFICATION NUMBER: 4ME20 Abstract--Artificial welding of melt-textured YBCO blocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 IDENTIFICATION NUMBER: 4ME20 Abstract--Artificial welding of melt-textured YBCO blocks opens the superconducting quality of the welds, we have developed a Hall probe mapping system, able to record the local to characterize welded samples prepared with a new Ag induced surface melting joining technique. The magnetization

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

8

CRADA Identification Number: CN-FY-XXXX Collaborator: [Insert Company Name  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CRADA Identification Number: CN-FY-XXXX Collaborator: [Insert Company Name] CRADA Template 10.21.13 Article 1. INTRODUCTION This Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between the National of the Parties in the course of this CRADA is detailed in the Technical Statement of Work (SoW) which is attached

9

Modeling tin whisker growth.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tin, lead, and lead-tin solders are the most commonly used solders due to their low melting temperatures. However, due to the toxicity problems, lead must now be removed from solder materials. This has lead to the re-emergence of the issue of tin whisker growth. Tin whiskers are a microelectronic packaging issue because they can lead to shorts if they grow to sufficient length. However, the cause of tin whisker growth is still not well understood and there is lack of robust methods to determine when and if whiskering will be a problem. This report summarizes some of the leading theories on whisker growth and attempts to provide some ideas towards establishing the role microstructure plays in whisker growth.

Weinberger, Christopher Robert

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Assigning unique identification numbers to new user accounts and groups in a computing environment with multiple registries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method, system, and program storage device for creating a new user account or user group with a unique identification number in a computing environment having multiple user registries is provided. In response to receiving a command to create a new user account or user group, an operating system of a clustered computing environment automatically checks multiple registries configured for the operating system to determine whether a candidate identification number for the new user account or user group has been assigned already to one or more existing user accounts or groups, respectively. The operating system automatically assigns the candidate identification number to the new user account or user group created in a target user registry if the checking indicates that the candidate identification number has not been assigned already to any of the existing user accounts or user groups, respectively.

DeRobertis, Christopher V. (Hopewell Junction, NY); Lu, Yantian T. (Round Rock, TX)

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

11

Characterization of Amorphous Zinc Tin Oxide Semiconductors....  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Amorphous Zinc Tin Oxide Semiconductors. Characterization of Amorphous Zinc Tin Oxide Semiconductors. Abstract: Amorphous zinc tin oxide (ZTO) was investigated to determine the...

12

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) < 1 A 13T CMOS Hardened Memory Cell for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) ray neutrons and -particles [1].These energy particles travel through the silicon bulk and create

Ayers, Joseph

13

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) < 1 Abstract--The aggressive scaling of CMOS into the deep  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) particles travelling through the silicon bulk can create minority carriers. These carriers may be collected

Ayers, Joseph

14

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) < 1 Analysis and Design of Nanoscale CMOS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) ray neutrons and -particles [1]. These energy particles travel through the silicon bulk and create

Ayers, Joseph

15

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) < 1 Abstract--Magnetic sensors capable of detecting tiny ac  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) , PA 16802 USA. temperature and ultra-sensitive magnetometers. Such bulk sensors constructed from ME

Yener, Aylin

16

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) < 1 Abstract--The smart grid paradigm is set to revolutionize  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) from tens of kilovolts to hundreds of kilovolts for transmission of bulk energy over long distances

Atkinson, Robert C

17

Service identification in TCP/IP : well-known versus random port numbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The sixteen-bit well-known port number is often overlooked as a network identifier in Internet communications. Its purpose at the most fundamental level is only to demultiplex flows of traffic. Several unintended uses of ...

Masiello, Elizabeth

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Service Identification in TCP/IP: Well-Known versus Random Port Numbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The sixteen-bit well-known port number is often overlooked as a network identifier in Internet communications. Its purpose at the most fundamental level is only to demultiplex flows of traffic. Several unintended uses of ...

Masiello, Elizabeth

2006-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

19

ACCOUNTS PAYABLE VENDOR NUMBER GUIDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACCOUNTS PAYABLE VENDOR NUMBER GUIDE FOR DEPARTMENTS W-9 AND W-8BEN FORMS TAXPAYER ID NUMBER (TIN), FEDERAL EMPLOYER ID NUMBER (FEIN), AND EMPLOYER'S ID NUMBER (EIN) HOW TO FIND A VENDOR'S ID NUMBER IN BANNER HOW TO DETERMINE IF A VENDOR IS IN BANNER UPDATED MAY 2013 #12;Vendor Number Guide

20

TIN--1998 78.1 By James F. Carlin, Jr.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be the world's largest producer of secondary tin. Tin metal recovered from new tinplate scrap and used tin cans from the various scrapped alloys of tin and recycled in those same alloy industries. Secondary tin from%; electrical, 22%; transportation, 13%; construction, 11%; and other, 32%. The estimated value of primary metal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Ion emission and expansion in laser-produced tin plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

scale length laser-produced tin plasmas, PhD dissertation,and Expansion in Laser-Produced Tin Plasma A dissertationof a CO 2 laser pulse with tin-based plasma for an extreme

Burdt, Russell Allen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Micropatterning of Proteins and Mammalian Cells on Indium Tin Oxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Micropatterning of Proteins and Mammalian Cells on Indium Tin Oxide Sunny S. Shah, Michael C and electrochemical activation to create micropatterned cocultures on indium tin oxide (ITO) substrates applications in tissue engineering and biosensing. KEYWORDS: indium tin oxide photolithography switchable

Revzin, Alexander

23

Viscoelastic DampingViscoelastic Damping Characteristics of Indium-Tin/Characteristics of Indium-Tin/SiCSiC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Viscoelastic DampingViscoelastic Damping Characteristics of Indium-Tin/Characteristics of Indium-Tin Approach: Based on past experience, indium-tin has well- characterized stiffness/damping. Fabricate

Swan Jr., Colby Corson

24

Thickness dependent self limiting 1-D tin oxide nanowire arrays...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

dependent self limiting 1-D tin oxide nanowire arrays by nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation. Thickness dependent self limiting 1-D tin oxide nanowire arrays by nanosecond pulsed...

25

Why is Tin so soft?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The distribution of isoscalar monopole strength in the neutron-even 112-124Sn-isotopes has been computed using a relativistic random-phase-approximation approach. The accurately-calibrated model used here (``FSUGold'') has been successful in reproducing both ground-state observables as well as collective excitations - including the giant monopole resonance (GMR) in 90Zr, 144Sm, and 208Pb. Yet this same model significantly overestimates the GMR energies in the Sn isotopes. It is argued that the question of ``Why is Tin so soft?'' becomes an important challenge to the field and one that should be answered without sacrificing the success already achieved by several theoretical models.

J. Piekarewicz

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

26

REVIEWS Drug Discovery Today Volume 12, Numbers 1/2 January 2007 Drug-target identification in Drosophila  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the combination of RNAi and small-molecule HTS can lead to effective identification of targets in drug discovery studies over the years has relied on the ease of growing this organism and the powerful genetic tools such as the insulin, epidermal growth factor, transforming growth factor b, Wnt, Hedgehog, JAK/STAT and Notch pathways

Perrimon, Norbert

27

TIN--2002 78.1 By James F. Carlin, Jr.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TIN--2002 78.1 TIN By James F. Carlin, Jr. Domestic survey data and tables were prepared by Elsie D, international data coordinator. Tin has not been mined in the United States since 1993; consequently, the country is mostly reliant on imports and recycling for its tin requirements. Twenty-five firms consumed 91

28

TIN--2003 77.1 By James F. Carlin, Jr.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TIN--2003 77.1 TIN By James F. Carlin, Jr. Domestic survey data and tables were prepared by Elsie D, international data coordinator. Tin has not been mined in the United States since 1993; consequently, the country is mostly reliant on imports and recycling for its tin needs. Twenty-five firms consumed 80

29

Nanostructured Tin Dioxide Materials for Gas Sensor Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHAPTER 30 Nanostructured Tin Dioxide Materials for Gas Sensor Applications T. A. Miller, S. D) levels for some species. Tin dioxide (also called stannic oxide or tin oxide) semi- conductor gas sensors undergone extensive research and development. Tin dioxide (SnO2) is the most important material for use

Wooldridge, Margaret S.

30

TIN--2000 79.1 By James F. Carlin, Jr.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TIN--2000 79.1 TIN By James F. Carlin, Jr. Domestic survey data and tables were prepared by Elsie D, international data coordinator. Tin was not mined in the United States during 2000. Twenty- five firms consumed 86% of reported primary tin used domestically. The major uses were as follows: electrical, 24%; cans

31

TIN--2001 78.1 By James F. Carlin, Jr.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TIN--2001 78.1 TIN By James F. Carlin, Jr. Domestic survey data and tables were prepared by Elsie D, international data coordinator. Tin has not been mined in the United States since 1993; consequently firms consumed 83% of the reported primary tin used domestically in 2001. The major uses were as follows

32

TIN--1999 78.1 By James F. Carlin, Jr.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of primary metal consumed domestically was about $310 million. Industry stocks remained steady (tables 2 secondary tin was produced from various scrapped alloys of tin and recycled in those same alloy industries. In 1999, however, tin metal recovered from new tinplate scrap and used tin cans was the only type

33

Therapeutic tin-117m compositions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides a method for the palliation of bone pain due to cancer by the administration of a unique dosage of a tin-117m (Sn-117m) stannic chelate complex in a pharmaceutically acceptable composition. In addition, the invention provides a method for simultaneous palliation of bone pain and radiotherapy in cancer patients using compositions containing Sn-117m chelates. The invention also provides a method for palliating bone pain in cancer patients using Sn-117m-containing compositions and monitoring patient status by imaging the distribution of the Sn-117m in the patients. Also provided are pharmaceutically acceptable compositions containing Sn-117m chelate complexes for the palliation of bone pain in cancer patients.

Srivastava, Suresh C. (Setauket, NY); Meinken, George E. (Middle Island, NY); Mausner, Leonard F. (Stony Brook, NY); Atkins, Harold L. (Setauket, NY)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

(Data in metric tons of tin content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

176 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms used about 92% of the primary tin consumed

35

(Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

174 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms used about 80% of the primary tin consumed

36

(Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1998, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

180 TIN (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1998, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms consumed about 85% of the primary tin. The major uses

37

(Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1997, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

178 TIN (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1997, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms consumed about 85% of the primary tin. The major uses

38

(Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1999, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

176 TIN (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1999, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms consumed about 97% of the primary tin. The major uses

39

(Data in metric tons of tin content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

174 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms used about 77% of the primary tin consumed

40

(Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1996, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

178 TIN (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1996, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms consumed about 85% of the primary tin. The major uses

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Tin electroplating/stripping evaluation. Topical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An evaluation was conducted to determine possible replacement chemistries for electroplating and stripping of tin-lead. The driver for this project was two-fold. Our first goal dealt with hazardous waste reduction. It was desired to eliminate lead (a heavy metal) from the electroplating process and thiourea (a known carcinogen) from the stripping process. We also sought to reduce the cost of nonconformance (CONC) realized by this process in the form of rough plating, broken paths, poor solderability, and overetching. Three suppliers` tin chemistries were evaluated as replacements for electroplating and stripping of tin-lead. Based on preliminary testing, one chemistry was chosen, evaluated, and approved for production use.

McHenry, M.R.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Infrared Images of Shock-Heated Tin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-resolution, gated infrared images were taken of tin samples shock heated to just below the 505 K melting point. Sample surfaces were either polished or diamond-turned, with grain sizes ranging from about 0.05 to 10 mm. A high explosive in contact with a 2-mm-thick tin sample induced a peak sample stress of 18 GPa. Interferometer data from similarly-driven tin shots indicate that immediately after shock breakout the samples spall near the free (imaged) surface with a scab thickness of about 0.1 mm.

Craig W. McCluskey; Mark D. Wilke; William D. Turley; Gerald D. Stevens; Lynn R. Veeser; Michael Grover

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Rank Extraction in Tin-Oxide Sensor Arrays Page 1 of 23 Rank Extraction in Tin-Oxide Sensor Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rank Extraction in Tin-Oxide Sensor Arrays Page 1 of 23 Rank Extraction in Tin-Oxide Sensor Arrays the amount of data to be processed. This work is a first example in feature extraction from tin-oxide sensors element array of tin-oxide sensors is presented. Results are extrapolated to other arrays of chemical

Roppel, Thaddeus A.

44

Atomic layer deposition of tin oxide films using tetrakis,,dimethylamino... tin Jeffrey W. Elam,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atomic layer deposition of tin oxide films using tetrakis,,dimethylamino... tin Jeffrey W. Elam dimethylamino tin and hydrogen peroxide. This method avoids problems of corrosion and agglomeration associated with the halogenated compound, SnCl4. Tin oxide films were successfully deposited on a variety of substrates using

45

Advanced Load Identification and Management for Buildings: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number: CRD-11-422  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this CRADA work is to support Eaton Innovation Center (Eaton) efforts to develop advanced load identification, management technologies, and solutions to reduce building energy consumption by providing fine granular visibility of energy usage information and safety protection of miscellaneous electric loads (MELs) in commercial and residential buildings. MELs load identification and prediction technology will be employed in a novel 'Smart eOutlet*' to provide critical intelligence and information to improve the capability and functionality of building load analysis and design tools and building power management systems. The work scoped in this CRADA involves the following activities: development and validation of business value proposition for the proposed technologies through voice of customer investigation, market analysis, and third-party objective assessment; development and validation of energy saving impact as well as assessment of environmental and economic benefits; 'smart eOutlet' concept design, prototyping, and validation; field validation of the developed technologies in real building environments. (*Another name denoted as 'Smart Power Strip (SPS)' will be used as an alternative of the name 'Smart eOutlet' for a clearer definition of the product market position in future work.)

Gentile-Polese, L.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Time-resolved visible and extreme ultraviolet spectroscopy of laser-produced tin plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterization of laser-produced tin plasma. Part I: XUVof laser-produced tin plasma. Part II: Radiation-expanding laser-produced tin plasma, Eighth International

O'Shay, Joseph Fred

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Extreme-ultraviolet radiation transport in small scale length laser-produced tin plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emissions from laser-produced tin plasmas. Proceedings ofRadiation from Laser- Produced Tin Plasmas. Physical Reviewspectra of xenon and tin discharges. Physical Review E,

Sequoia, Kevin Lamar Williams

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Design and fabrication of a tin-sulfide annealing furnace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A furnace was designed and its heat transfer properties were analyzed for use in annealing thin-film tins-ulfide solar cells. Tin sulfide has been explored as an earth abundant solar cell material, and the furnace was ...

Lewis, Raymond (Raymond A.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

T thong tin ve chat lng khong kh trong nha  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T thong tin ve chat lng khong kh trong nha Chat lng khong kh khong tot trong c song khoe manh. Neu muon biet them thong tin ve chat lng khong kh va sc khoe

50

TIN DOCT 2002 Issue 60 S$5.00 Anniversary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TIN DOCT 2002 Issue 60 S$5.00 Anniversary Special Feature- Egypt Calendar The Pyramids The Sphinx Andromeda Aristotle Ancient Greek astronomy #12;TIN D Content Editor: Kepler Letters Consultant: Newton

Aslaksen, Helmer

51

Microwave plasma CVD of NANO structured tin/carbon composites  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for forming a graphitic tin-carbon composite at low temperatures is described. The method involves using microwave radiation to produce a neutral gas plasma in a reactor cell. At least one organo tin precursor material in the reactor cell forms a tin-carbon film on a supporting substrate disposed in the cell under influence of the plasma. The three dimensional carbon matrix material with embedded tin nanoparticles can be used as an electrode in lithium-ion batteries.

Marcinek, Marek (Warszawa, PL); Kostecki, Robert (Lafayette, CA)

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

52

NISTIR 7078 TIN Techniques for Data Analysis and Surface Construction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NISTIR 7078 TIN Techniques for Data Analysis and Surface Construction Building and Fire Research Institute of Standards and Technology #12;NISTIR 7078 TIN Techniques for Data Analysis and Surface This report addresses the task of meshing point clouds by triangulated elevated surfaces referred to as TIN

Bernal, Javier

53

Growth behavior and properties of atomic layer deposited tin oxide on silicon from novel tin(II)acetylacetonate precursor and ozone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, a novel liquid tin(II) precursor, tin(II)acetylacetonate [Sn(acac){sub 2}], was used to deposit tin oxide films on Si(100) substrate, using a custom-built hot wall atomic layer deposition (ALD) reactor. Three different oxidizers, water, oxygen, and ozone, were tried. Resulting growth rates were studied as a function of precursor dosage, oxidizer dosage, reactor temperature, and number of ALD cycles. The film growth rate was found to be 0.1??0.01?nm/cycle within the wide ALD temperature window of 175300?C using ozone; no film growth was observed with water or oxygen. Characterization methods were used to study the composition, interface quality, crystallinity, microstructure, refractive index, surface morphology, and resistivity of the resulting films. X-ray photoelectron spectra showed the formation of a clean SnO{sub x}Si interface. The resistivity of the SnO{sub x} films was calculated to be 0.3?? cm. Results of this work demonstrate the possibility of introducing Sn(acac){sub 2} as tin precursor to deposit conducting ALD SnO{sub x} thin films on a silicon surface, with clean interface and no formation of undesired SiO{sub 2} or other interfacial reaction products, for transparent conducting oxide applications.

Kannan Selvaraj, Sathees [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States); Feinerman, Alan [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States); Takoudis, Christos G., E-mail: takoudis@uic.edu [Departments of Bioengineering and Chemical Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

54

Lithiation of Tin Oxide: A Computational Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest that the lithiation of pristine SnO forms a layered Li$_\\text{X}$O structure while the expelled tin atoms agglomerate into 'surface' planes separating the Li$_\\text{X}$O layers. The proposed lithiation model widely differs from the common assumption that tin segregates into nano-clusters embedded in the lithia matrix. With this model we are able to account for the various tin bonds that are seen experimentally and explain the three volume expansion phases that occur when SnO undergoes lithiation: (i) at low concentrations Li behaves as an intercalated species inducing small volume increases; (ii) for intermediate concentrations SnO transforms into lithia causing a large expansion; (iii) finally, as the Li concentration further increases a saturation of the lithia takes place until a layered Li$_2$O is formed. A moderate volume expansion results from this last process. We also report a 'zipper' nucleation mechanism that could provide the seed for the transformation from tin oxide to lithium oxide.

Pedersen, Andreas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Couplings between dipole and quadrupole vibrations in tin isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the couplings between collective vibrations such as the isovector giant dipole and isoscalar giant quadrupole resonances in tin isotopes in the framework of the time-dependent Hartree-Fock theory with a Skyrme energy density functional. These couplings are a source of anharmonicity in the multiphonon spectrum. In particular, the residual interaction is known to couple the isovector giant dipole resonance with the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance built on top of it, inducing a nonlinear evolution of the quadrupole moment after a dipole boost. This coupling also affects the dipole motion in a nucleus with a static or dynamical deformation induced by a quadrupole constraint or boost respectively. Three methods associated with these different manifestations of the coupling are proposed to extract the corresponding matrix elements of the residual interaction. Numerical applications of the different methods to 132Sn are in good agreement with each other. Finally, several tin isotopes are considered to investigate the role of isospin and mass number on this coupling. A simple 1/A dependence of the residual matrix elements is found with no noticeable contribution from the isospin. This result is interpreted within the Goldhaber-Teller model.

Cdric Simenel; Philippe Chomaz

2009-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

56

Supporting Information Hybrid Tin Oxide-SWNT Nanostructures Based Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S1 Supporting Information Hybrid Tin Oxide-SWNT Nanostructures Based Gas Sensor Syed Mubeen1 , Min) and (c) showing high magnification SEM images of bare SWNTs and SWNTs coated with tin oxide (-0.4 V vs of bare SWNTs and SWNTs coated with tin oxide (-0.4 V vs. Ag/AgCl wire, 5 C) towards a) H2S, b) acetone

57

State of the Art Power-in Tube Niobium-Tin Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of ECN-type Niobium-Tin wire towards smallerD. Elen, Development of Niobium-Tin conductors at ECN, Adv.Simulations of the effects of tin composition gradients on

Godeke, A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

DESIGN OF A 10-T SUPERCONDUCTING DIPOLE MAGNET USING NIOBIUM-TIN CONDUCTOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DIPOLE HAGNET USING NIOBIUM-TIN CONOOCTOR' C. Taylor, R.DIPOLE MAGNET USING NIOBIUM-TIN CONDUCTOR C. Taylor, R.slid tooling for the niobium- tin magnet .sre on halld, and

Taylor, C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Ambient gas effects on the dynamics of laser-produced tin plume expansion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mitigation in a laser-produced tin plasma is one of the mostambient pressure, the tin species with kinetic Downloaded 19Sn + species ejected by the tin plume exhibits a Downloaded

Harilal, S S; O'Shay, B; Tillac, M S; Tao, Y

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Influence of spot size on propagation dynamics of laser-produced tin plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?Color online? Images of the tin plume recorded with 280 ? mdynamics of laser-produced tin plasma S. S. Harilal a?dynamics of an expanding tin plume for various spot sizes

Harilal, S S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Proton elastic scattering from tin isotopes at 295 MeV and systematic change of neutron density distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cross sections and analyzing powers for proton elastic scattering from $^{116,118,120,122,124}$Sn at 295 MeV have been measured for a momentum transfer of up to about 3.5 fm$^{-1}$ to deduce systematic changes of the neutron density distribution. We tuned the relativistic Love-Franey interaction to explain the proton elastic scattering of a nucleus whose density distribution is well known. Then, we applied this interaction to deduce the neutron density distributions of tin isotopes. The result of our analysis shows the clear systematic behavior of a gradual increase in the neutron skin thickness of tin isotopes with mass number.

S. Terashima; H. Sakaguchi; H. Takeda; T. Ishikawa; M. Itoh; T. Kawabata; T. Murakami; M. Uchida; Y. Yasuda; M. Yosoi; J. Zenihiro; H. P. Yoshida; T. Noro; T. Ishida; S. Asaji; T. Yonemura

2008-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

62

Measurements of Modulus of Elasticity and Thermal Contraction of Epoxy Impregnated Niobium-Tin and Niobium-Titanium Composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Epoxy Impregnated Niobium-Tin and Niobium-Titaniumwith epoxy impregnated niobium tin and niobium titanium

Chow, K.P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Spectral Control of Emission from Tin Doped Targets for Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

control of emissions from tin doped targets for extremearray (UTA) emission around 13.5 nm from solid density tinand tin doped foam targets. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Sandia National Laboratories: indium tin oxide  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1developmentturbine blade manufacturing the viabilityindium tin oxide Sandian

65

Exhaust Gas Sensor Based On Tin Dioxide For Automotive Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exhaust Gas Sensor Based On Tin Dioxide For Automotive Application Arthur VALLERON a,b , Christophe, Engineering Materials Department The aim of this paper is to investigate the potentialities of gas sensor based on semi-conductor for exhaust gas automotive application. The sensing element is a tin dioxide

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

66

Amorphous tin-cadmium oxide films and the production thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tin-cadmium oxide film having an amorphous structure and a ratio of tin atoms to cadmium atoms of between 1:1 and 3:1. The tin-cadmium oxide film may have an optical band gap of between 2.7 eV and 3.35 eV. The film may also have a charge carrier concentration of between 1.times.10.sup.20 cm.sup.-3 and 2.times.10.sup.20 cm.sup.-3. The tin cadmium oxide film may also exhibit a Hall mobility of between 40 cm.sup.2V.sup.-1 s.sup.-1 and 60 cm.sup.2V.sup.-1 s.sup.-1. Also disclosed is a method of producing an amorphous tin-cadmium oxide film as described and devices using same.

Li, Xiaonan; Gessert, Timothy A

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

67

Molten tin reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel elements  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for reprocessing spent nuclear fuel is described. Within a containment vessel, a solid plug of tin and nitride precipitates supports a circulating bath of liquid tin therein. Spent nuclear fuel is immersed in the liquid tin under an atmosphere of nitrogen, resulting in the formation of nitride precipitates. The layer of liquid tin and nitride precipitates which interfaces the plug is solidified and integrated with the plug. Part of the plug is melted, removing nitride precipitates from the containment vessel, while a portion of the plug remains solidified to support the liquid tin and nitride precipitates remaining in the containment vessel. The process is practiced numerous times until substantially all of the precipitated nitrides are removed from the containment vessel.

Heckman, Richard A. (Castro Valley, CA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Modeling of EUV Emission and Conversion Efficiency from Laser-Produced Tin Plasmas for Nanolithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling of EUV Emission and Conversion Efficiency from Laser-Produced Tin Plasmas simulation tools. Here, we investigate the radiative properties of tin and tin-doped foam plasmas heated by 1 at intermediate focus (IF). Laser-generated plasmas containing lithium, xenon or tin are potentially good emission

Harilal, S. S.

69

Low-Energy Electron Microscopy Studies of Interlayer Mass Transport Kinetics on TiN(111)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-Energy Electron Microscopy Studies of Interlayer Mass Transport Kinetics on TiN(111) S annealing of three-dimensional (3D) TiN(111) mounds, consisting of stacked 2D islands, at temperatures-limited decay of 2D TiN islands on atomically-flat TiN(111) terraces [Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 (2002) 176102

Israeli, Navot

70

TiN for MEMS hotplate heaters J.F. Creemer1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TiN for MEMS hotplate heaters J.F. Creemer1 , P.M. Sarro2 , M. Laros2 , H. Schellevis2 , L, DIMES, ECTM, Mekelweg 4, 2628 CD Delft, Netherlands. Summary: Low-stress TiN has been investigated is required to protect the TiN against oxidation. Keywords: TiN thin films, micro heater, hot plate 1

Technische Universiteit Delft

71

Antimony-Doped Tin(II) Sulfide Thin Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thin-film solar cells made from earth-abundant, inexpensive, and nontoxic materials are needed to replace the current technologies whose widespread use is limited by their use of scarce, costly, and toxic elements. Tin ...

Chakraborty, Rupak

72

Tin-silver-bismuth solders for electronics assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A lead-free solder alloy for electronic assemblies composed of a eutectic alloy of tin and silver with a bismuth addition, x, of 0tin effective to depress the melting point of the tin-silver composition to a desired level. Melting point ranges from about 218.degree. C. down to about 205.degree. C. depending an the amount of bismuth added to the eutectic tin-silver alloy as determined by DSC analysis, 10.degree. C./min. A preferred alloy composition is 91.84Sn-3.33Ag-4.83Bi (weight percent based on total alloy weight).

Vianco, Paul T. (Albuquerque, NM); Rejent, Jerome A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Tin-silver-bismuth solders for electronics assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A lead-free solder alloy is disclosed for electronic assemblies composed of a eutectic alloy of tin and silver with a bismuth addition, x, of 0tin effective to depress the melting point of the tin-silver composition to a desired level. Melting point ranges from about 218 C down to about 205 C depending an the amount of bismuth added to the eutectic tin-silver alloy as determined by DSC analysis, 10 C/min. A preferred alloy composition is 91.84Sn-3.33Ag-4.83Bi (weight percent based on total alloy weight). 4 figs.

Vianco, P.T.; Rejent, J.A.

1995-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

74

(Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

168 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms accounted for about 90% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2013. The major uses for tin

75

Statistical identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical identification of critical, dependent and redundant articulators Veena D Singampalli of articulatory roles Evaluation by exhaustive search and trajectory generation Summary Statistical identification, Belgium #12;Statistical identification of critical, dependent and redundant articulators Veena D

Jackson, Philip JB

76

Statistical identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical identification of critical, dependent and redundant articulators Philip Jackson & Veena Statistical identification of critical, dependent and redundant articulators Philip Jackson & Veena Acoustics'08 Paris #12;Statistical identification of critical, dependent and redundant articulators Philip

Jackson, Philip JB

77

Extreme-ultraviolet spectral purity and magnetic ion debris mitigation by use of low-density tin targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The UTA obtained from full density tin and 0.5% Sn density.The UTA spectrum from tin doped foam targets showed distincta) and 0.5 % density (b) tin in the presence and absence of

Harilal, S S; Tillack, Mark S; O'Shay, Beau; Tao, Y; Paguio, R; Nikroo, A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Analysis of Bulk and Thin Film Model Samples Intended for Investigating the Strain Sensitivity of Niobium-Tin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensitivity of Niobium-Tin M. G. T. Mentink, A. Anders, D.Sensitivity of NiobiumTin M. G. T. Mentink, A. Anders, M.of the art powder-in-tube niobium-tin superconductors,"

Mentink, M. G. T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Room-Temperature Gas Sensing Based on Electron Transfer between Discrete Tin Oxide Nanocrystals and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Room-Temperature Gas Sensing Based on Electron Transfer between Discrete Tin Oxide Nanocrystals and the response time. Rutile-structured tin oxide (SnO2) is an n-type semiconducting material widely used in gas

Chen, Junhong

80

E-Print Network 3.0 - amorphous tin nitride Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TiN, are extensively used as wear... of transition metal nitrides (TiN, NbN) where reduction of the metal is necessary for the nitride formation... Layer Epitaxy in Deposition...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Nucleation kinetics during homoepitaxial growth of TiN(001) by reactive magnetron sputtering Marcel A. Wall, David G. Cahill, I. Petrov, D. Gall, and J. E. Greene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nucleation kinetics during homoepitaxial growth of TiN(001) by reactive magnetron sputtering Marcel to study the nucleation of homoepitaxial TiN layers grown on TiN(001) by ultrahigh vacuum reactive kinet- ics of TiN, a two-component refractory ceramic, on TiN 001 . TiN, typically deposited by reactive

Gall, Daniel

82

Reductive precipitation of metals photosensitized by tin and antimony porphyrins  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for reducing metals using a tin or antimony porphyrin by forming an aqueous solution of a tin or antimony porphyrin, an electron donor, such as ethylenediaminetetraaceticacid, triethylamine, triethanolamine, and sodium nitrite, and at least one metal compound selected from a uranium-containing compound, a mercury-containing compound, a copper-containing compound, a lead-containing compound, a gold-containing compound, a silver-containing compound, and a platinum-containing compound through irradiating the aqueous solution with light.

Shelnutt, John A.; Gong, Weiliang; Abdelouas, Abdesselam; Lutze, Werner

2003-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

83

Microstructure, residual stress, and fracture of sputtered TiN films Liqiang Zhang a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microstructure, residual stress, and fracture of sputtered TiN films Liqiang Zhang a , Huisheng Keywords: TiN films Residual stress Hardness Fracture toughness Morphology, structure, residual stress, hardness, and fracture toughness of magnetron sputtered titanium nitride (TiN) thin films, deposited at 300

Volinsky, Alex A.

84

-tin ! Imma ! sh Phase Transitions of Germanium Xiao-Jia Chen,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;-tin ! Imma ! sh Phase Transitions of Germanium Xiao-Jia Chen,1 Chao Zhang,2 Yue Meng,3 Rui March 2011) New paths were designed for the investigations of the #12;-tin ! Imma ! sh phase transitions in nanocrystalline Ge under conditions of hydrostatic stress. A second-order transition between the #12;-tin and Imma

85

Phase Transformations in Pulsed Laser Deposited Nanocrystalline Tin Oxide Thin Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phase Transformations in Pulsed Laser Deposited Nanocrystalline Tin Oxide Thin Films Haiyan Fan associated with high pressure. Kaplan et al. found this phase in films grown by deposition of ionized tin. In another study, Shek et al. ob- served o-SnO2 when tin particles with an average size of 6 nm were oxidized

Reid, Scott A.

86

P-31 / Schlott P-31: Nodule Formation on Indium-Oxide Tin-Oxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P-31 / Schlott P-31: Nodule Formation on Indium-Oxide Tin-Oxide Sputtering Targets M. Schlott, M from indium-oxide tin-oxide (ITO) targets [1]. Unfor- tunately, black growths, or nodules, commonly isostatic pressing partly reduced powder mixtures of 90 wt.% indium-oxide and 10 wt.% tin-oxide [4

87

Determination of Tin in Nickel-based Alloys by Electrothermal Laser-excited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determination of Tin in Nickel-based Alloys by Electrothermal Laser-excited Atomic Fluorescence. The determination of tin in nickel-based alloys by laser-excited sampling, has been the most frequently employed technique for the determination of tin in nickel-based alloys.35 The useatomic fluorescence in a graphite

Michel, Robert G.

88

Sputtered TiN films for superconducting coplanar waveguide resonators S. Ohya,1, a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sputtered TiN films for superconducting coplanar waveguide resonators S. Ohya,1, a) B. Chiaro,2 A of the properties of TiN films by varying the deposition conditions in an ultra-high-vacuum reactive magnetron changes to weak tensile in-plane strain. The TiN films absorb a high concentration of contaminants

Martinis, John M.

89

First-principles calculations of step formation energies and step interactions on TiN(001)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First-principles calculations of step formation energies and step interactions on TiN(001) Cristian the formation energies and repulsive interactions of monatomic steps on the TiN(001) surface, using den- sity studies on different aspects related to thin film growth on TiN surfaces, few atomistic studies have been

Ciobanu, Cristian

90

TiN surface dynamics: role of surface and bulk mass transport processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TiN surface dynamics: role of surface and bulk mass transport processes J. Bareoa , S. Kodambakab, USA Abstract. Transition-metal nitrides, such as TiN, have a wide variety of applications as hard/decay kinetics of two- and three-dimensional TiN(111) islands and the effect of surface-terminated dislocations

Khare, Sanjay V.

91

. The tin centre is responsible for the activation of the ketone substrate and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

procedure3 . The tin centre is responsible for the activation of the ketone substrate and increases catalysts, tin is substituted for some of the silicon or aluminium atoms facing the channel, and so is incorporated into the framework. Tin centres are responsible for the catalytic activity of these materials

Flanagan, Randy

92

Atomic layer deposition of TiN films Growth and electrical behavior down to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atomic layer deposition of TiN films Growth and electrical behavior down to sub-nanometer scale Hao Van Bui #12;ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION OF TiN FILMS GROWTH AND ELECTRICAL BEHAVIOR DOWN TO SUBD. Thesis - University of Twente, Enschede, the Netherlands Title: Atomic layer deposition of TiN films

93

The Electrical and Band-Gap Properties of Amorphous Zinc-Indium-Tin Oxide Thin Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MRSEC The Electrical and Band-Gap Properties of Amorphous Zinc-Indium-Tin Oxide Thin Films D Science & Engineering Center For zinc-indium-tin oxide (ZITO) films, grown by pulsed-laser deposition was replaced by substitution with zinc and tin in equal molar proportions (co-substitution). All ZITO films

Shahriar, Selim

94

Liquid-tin-jet laser-plasma extreme ultraviolet generation P. A. C. Jansson,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Liquid-tin-jet laser-plasma extreme ultraviolet generation P. A. C. Jansson,a) B. A. M. Hansson, O spectral signatures. The system is demonstrated using tin Sn as the target due to its strong emission materials with new spectral signatures. As an example we use tin, motivated by its current interest for EUV

95

Laser Direct Write Patterned Indium Tin Oxide Films for Photomasks and Anisotropic Resist Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser Direct Write Patterned Indium Tin Oxide Films for Photomasks and Anisotropic Resist bimetallic Sn/In film into a indium tin oxide layer. Sn over In films (15-120nm thick) with a 1:10 thickness mask, etch resist. 1. Introduction The transparent and conductive films like indium tin oxide (ITO

Chapman, Glenn H.

96

Effect of Plating Variables on Whisker Formation in Pure Tin Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Plating Variables on Whisker Formation in Pure Tin Films Stephanie Miller Advisors & Materials Engineering, Washington State University Introduction Tin whiskers are single-crystal filaments the effect of plating variables on whisker growth in tin-plated copper samples, with the goal of finding

Collins, Gary S.

97

Diffusion-driven extreme lithium isotopic fractionation in country rocks of the Tin Mountain pegmatite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diffusion-driven extreme lithium isotopic fractionation in country rocks of the Tin Mountain rocks (amphibolites and schists) of the Tin Mountain pegmatite show systematic changes with distance; fluid infiltration; Tin Mountain pegmatite 1. Introduction Lithium is a fluid-mobile, moderately

Mcdonough, William F.

98

Microstructure development in Nb3Sn(Ti) internal tin superconducting wire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microstructure development in Nb3Sn(Ti) internal tin superconducting wire I. Pong S. C. Hopkins have studied the phase formation sequences in a Nb3Sn `internal tin' process superconductor. Heat treatments were performed to convert the starting materials of tin, TiSn, copper and niobium, to bronze

Elliott, James

99

Ordering points for incremental TIN construction from James J. Little and Ping Shi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ordering points for incremental TIN construction from DEMs James J. Little and Ping Shi Department approximations to terrain surfaces (TINs) from dense digital elevation models(DEMs) adds points to an initial in the current TIN, the worst fitting point, in terms of vertical distance, is selected. The order of insertion

Little, Jim

100

Computers & Geosciences 32 (2006) 749766 A simple algorithm for the mapping of TIN data onto a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computers & Geosciences 32 (2006) 749766 A simple algorithm for the mapping of TIN data onto 2005 Abstract Triangulated irregular networks (TIN) in landscape evolution models have the advantage of TIN landscape nodes onto a static grid, facilitating the creation of a fixed stratigraphic record

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Mechanical properties of nanocrystalline and epitaxial TiN films on (100) silicon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical properties of nanocrystalline and epitaxial TiN films on (100) silicon H. Wang, A 2001) We investigated mechanical properties of TiN as a function of microstructure varying from nanocrystalline to single crystal TiN films deposited on (100) silicon substrates. By varying the substrate

Wei, Qiuming

102

Thermally Activated, Inverted Interfacial Electron Transfer Kinetics: High Driving Force Reactions between Tin Oxide Nanoparticles and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between Tin Oxide Nanoparticles and Electrostatically-Bound Molecular Reactants Dennis A. Gaal and Joseph: The kinetics and mechanism of fast electron transfer (ET) between tin oxide nanoparticles and electrostatically-order studies establish that, at least in the short time regime, electrons are transferred directly from the tin

103

A Comparison of Auger Electron Spectra from Stoichiometric Epitaxial TiN,,001...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Comparison of Auger Electron Spectra from Stoichiometric Epitaxial TiN,,001... After ,,1... UHV spectra from epitaxial B1-NaCl-structure TiN 001 layers grown on MgO 001 1 1 by ultrahigh vacuum magnetron backscattering spectroscopy RBS . AES spectra were obtained from clean TiN 100 surfaces by cleaving 5- m

Gall, Daniel

104

Interface Stability During Rapid Solidification of Silicon-Tin A thesis presented  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interface Stability During Rapid Solidification of Silicon-Tin A thesis presented by David Eric for the experiment were silicon and silicon-on-sapphire (SOS) wafers implanted with tin. The SOS samples were also/s, the interface might undergo breakdown at 0.3 atomic percent tin, resulting in a cellular structure with a cell

105

The Effects of pH Variation on Whisker Growth on Tin Plated Copper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Effects of pH Variation on Whisker Growth on Tin Plated Copper Jeffrey Wu Advisors: Uttara Engineering Introduction: Field Failure Caused by Tin Whisker Short 20 YEARS Whiskers Growing Inside://nepp.nasa.gov/whisker/photos/pom/index.htm) Tin is an element commonly desired to plate on electrical components because of it's corrosion

Collins, Gary S.

106

Effect of TiN coatings on the rolling contact fatigue behavior of M50 bearing steel. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is a continuing requirement for improved bearing performance for both commercial and military applications. Service temperatures are increasing steadily due to increased power requirements and corrosion of components remains a major concern as well, particularly for bearings in military systems. In our ongoing study, a number of different coatings were applied to VIM-VAR M50 bearing steel to improve both corrosion resistance and rolling contact fatigue behavior. This report deals specifically with coatings produced by the ion beam assisted deposition IBAD of TiN, details of the coating process, and test results obtained. The rolling contact fatigue performance of IBAD TiN coated M50 samples demonstrated increased lifetime performance and durability for a 1 micrometer thick coating. Preliminary data on corrosion properties is also presented.

Middleton, R.M.; Huang, P.J.; Wells, M.G.; Kant, R.A.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Peptide identification  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Peptides are identified from a list of candidates using collision-induced dissociation tandem mass spectrometry data. A probabilistic model for the occurrence of spectral peaks corresponding to frequently observed partial peptide fragment ions is applied. As part of the identification procedure, a probability score is produced that indicates the likelihood of any given candidate being the correct match. The statistical significance of the score is known without necessarily having reference to the actual identity of the peptide. In one form of the invention, a genetic algorithm is applied to candidate peptides using an objective function that takes into account the number of shifted peaks appearing in the candidate spectrum relative to the test spectrum.

Jarman, Kristin H [Richland, WA; Cannon, William R [Richland, WA; Jarman, Kenneth D [Richland, WA; Heredia-Langner, Alejandro [Richland, WA

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

108

Head Knowledge: Summary (Segment from the Tin Shed essay)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, a world of objectivity, and his method of deductive logical reasoning, of John Locke (1632-1704) and his and objectification, material reductionism, quantification, gradation and secularization (Frey 1994: 95-104, 123 of reliability and validity (Frey 1994:95-104). While traveling outside the Tin Shed, systematic analysis

O'Laughlin, Jay

109

(Data in metric tons of tin content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2001, no tin was mined domestically. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,770 6,640 6,800 Shipments from Government stockpile excesses 11,700 12,200 765 12,000 12,000 Consumption: cans and containers, 30%; electrical, 20%; construction, 10%; transportation, 10%; and other, 30: primary metal consumed, $278 million; imports for consumption, refined tin, $326 million; and secondary

110

(Data in metric tons of tin content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2000, no tin was mined domestically. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,020 6,770 7,000 Shipments from Government stockpile excesses 11,800 11,700 12,200 765 12,000 Consumption: cans and containers, 30%; electrical, 20%; construction, 10%; transportation, 10%; and other, 30: primary metal consumed, $318 million; imports for consumption, refined tin, $391 million; and secondary

111

Methane-assisted combustion synthesis of nanocomposite tin dioxide materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methane-assisted combustion synthesis of nanocomposite tin dioxide materials S.D. Bakrania *, C and flow conditions using methane as a supplemental fuel. The experiments were carried out at atmospheric-phase precursor for metal additives. In the methane-assisted (MA) system, the inert carrier gas was replaced

Wooldridge, Margaret S.

112

Effect of Capping Agents in Tin Nanoparticles on Electrochemical Cycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the particle surfaces. The cycling results using coin-type half cells confirmed that the hydrobenzamide, compared with the others. From Fourier transform magnitude FT of Sn LIII-edge energy dispersive X prepared by the decom- position of tin II amides, Sn NMe2 2 2, at 135°C in dry-anisole- produced particles

Cho, Jaephil

113

(Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

170 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 90% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2012. The major uses were as follows

114

(Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

172 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 81% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2006. The major uses were as follows

115

(Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

172 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 86% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2008. The major uses were as follows

116

(Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

176 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 81% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2005. The major uses were as follows

117

(Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

170 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 84% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2009. The major uses were as follows

118

(Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

170 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 91% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2010. The major uses were as follows

119

(Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

176 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 84% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2007. The major uses were as follows

120

Page 1 of 19 Examination Identification Number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, as established by a Copyright Board tariff (the "Tariff"). Suggested Time for Question 1: 5 Minutes (5) 1 that the Tariff was duly certified by the Copyright Board, that the Tariff sets out the bases for calculating

MacMillan, Andrew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

MEMS Hotplates with TiN as a Heater Material J.F. Creemer1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEMS Hotplates with TiN as a Heater Material J.F. Creemer1 , W. van der Vlist2 , C.R. de Boer2 , H investigated as a heater material for hotplates and microreactors. TiN is CMOS compatible, and has a higher melting point (2950 C) than conventional heaters of Pt and poly-Si. For the first time, TiN is tested

Technische Universiteit Delft

122

Leaching studies for tin recovery from waste e-scrap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Printed circuit boards (PCBs) are the most essential components of all electrical and electronic equipments, which contain noteworthy quantity of metals, some of which are toxic to life and all of which are valuable resources. Therefore, recycling of PCBs is necessary for the safe disposal/utilization of these metals. Present paper is a part of developing Indo-Korean recycling technique consists of organic swelling pre-treatment technique for the liberation of thin layer of metallic sheet and the treatment of epoxy resin to remove/recover toxic soldering material. To optimize the parameters required for recovery of tin from waste PCBs, initially the bench scale studies were carried out using fresh solder (containing 52.6% Sn and 47.3% Pb) varying the acid concentration, temperature, mixing time and pulp density. The experimental data indicate that 95.79% of tin was leached out from solder material using 5.5 M HCl at fixed pulp density 50 g/L and temperature 90 Degree-Sign C in mixing time 165 min. Kinetic studies followed the chemical reaction controlled dense constant size cylindrical particles with activation energy of 117.68 kJ/mol. However, 97.79% of tin was found to be leached out from solder materials of liberated swelled epoxy resin using 4.5 M HCl at 90 Degree-Sign C, mixing time 60 min and pulp density 50 g/L. From the leach liquor of solder materials of epoxy resin, the precipitate of sodium stannate as value added product was obtained at pH 1.9. The Pb from the leach residue was removed by using 0.1 M nitric acid at 90 Degree-Sign C in mixing time 45 min and pulp density 10 g/L. The metal free epoxy resin could be disposed-of safely/used as filling material without affecting the environment.

Jha, Manis Kumar, E-mail: maniskrjha@gmail.com [Metal Extraction and Forming Division, National Metallurgical Laboratory (NML), Jamshedpur 831 007 (India); Choubey, Pankaj Kumar; Jha, Amrita Kumari; Kumari, Archana [Metal Extraction and Forming Division, National Metallurgical Laboratory (NML), Jamshedpur 831 007 (India); Lee, Jae-chun, E-mail: jclee@kigam.re.kr [Mineral Resources Research Division, Korea Institute of Geosciences and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 305-350 (Korea, Republic of); Kumar, Vinay [Metal Extraction and Forming Division, National Metallurgical Laboratory (NML), Jamshedpur 831 007 (India); Jeong, Jinki [Mineral Resources Research Division, Korea Institute of Geosciences and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 305-350 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

123

P-28 / D. R. Cairns P-28: The Effect of Thermal Shrinkage on Indium Tin Oxide Coated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P-28 / D. R. Cairns P-28: The Effect of Thermal Shrinkage on Indium Tin Oxide Coated Polyethylene Tin Oxide (ITO) coated Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) for flexible display applications

Cairns, Darran

124

Selective Oxidative Degradation of Organic Pollutants by Singlet Oxygen-Mediated Photosensitization: Tin Porphyrin versus C60  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Tin Porphyrin versus C60 Aminofullerene Systems Heechan Kim, Wooyul Kim, Yuri Mackeyev, Gi-Seon Lee ABSTRACT: This study evaluates the potential application of tin porphyrin- and C60 aminofullerene

Alvarez, Pedro J.

125

VISUAL WORDS, TEXT ANALYSIS CONCEPTS FOR COMPUTER VISION Wang-Juh Chen, Hoi Tin Kong, Minah Oh,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VISUAL WORDS, TEXT ANALYSIS CONCEPTS FOR COMPUTER VISION By Wang-Juh Chen, Hoi Tin Kong, Minah Oh Report: Visual Words, Text Analysis Concepts for Computer Vision Wang-Juh Chen Hoi Tin Kong Minah Oh

126

Silicon-tin oxynitride glassy composition and use as anode for lithium-ion battery  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are silicon-tin oxynitride glassy compositions which are especially useful in the construction of anode material for thin-film electrochemical devices including rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, electrochromic mirrors, electrochromic windows, and actuators. Additional applications of silicon-tin oxynitride glassy compositions include optical fibers and optical waveguides.

Neudecker, Bernd J. (Knoxville, TN); Bates, John B. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Friday, April 13, 2005 Morning Session Chaired by Tin-Yau Tam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friday, April 13, 2005 Morning Session Chaired by Tin-Yau Tam 09:30 10:15 Raymond H. Chan Results on the Drazin Inverse 10:45 11:15 Tin-Yau Tam, Auburn University On Four Sets of Scalars

Li, Chi-Kwong

128

Femtosecond laser ablation of indium tin-oxide narrow grooves for thin film solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Femtosecond laser ablation of indium tin-oxide narrow grooves for thin film solar cells Qiumei Bian in the fabrication and assembly of thin film solar cells. Using a femtosecond (fs) laser, we selectively removed a unique scheme to ablate the indium tin-oxide layer for the fabrication of thin film solar cells

Van Stryland, Eric

129

P-7 / D. R. Cairns P-7: Wear Resistance of Indium Tin Oxide Coatings on Polyethylene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P-7 / D. R. Cairns P-7: Wear Resistance of Indium Tin Oxide Coatings on Polyethylene Terephthalate The wear mechanisms of the Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) coated Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) topsheet). The bottom substrate is typically glass and the top sheet a polyester such as Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET

Cairns, Darran

130

Molten tin reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel elements. [Patent application; continuous process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for reprocessing spent nuclear fuel is described. Within a containment vessel, a solid plug of tin and nitride precipitates supports a circulating bath of liquid tin therein. Spent nuclear fuel is immersed in the liquid tin under an atmosphere of nitrogen, resulting in the formation of nitride precipitates. The layer of liquid tin and nitride precipitates which interfaces the plug is solidified and integrated with the plug. Part of the plug is melted, removing nitride precipitates from the containment vessel, while a portion of the plug remains solidified to support te liquid tin and nitride precipitates remaining in the containment vessel. The process is practiced numerous times until substantially all of the precipitated nitrides are removed from the containment vessel.

Heckman, R.A.

1980-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

131

Abstract--Titanium nitride (TiN) has been investigated as a material for MEMS hotplate heaters operating at high  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TiN Bond pad TiN Figure 1. Schematic cross section of the hotplate. Titanium Nitride for MEMSAbstract--Titanium nitride (TiN) has been investigated as a material for MEMS hotplate heaters boundaries start to diffuse above one- third of the melting point. As a result, residual stresses relax [3

Technische Universiteit Delft

132

Absolute orientation-dependent TiN(001) step energies from two-dimensional equilibrium island shape and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absolute orientation-dependent TiN(001) step energies from two-dimensional equilibrium island shape and coarsening measurements on epitaxial TiN(001) layers S. Kodambaka *, S.V. Khare, V. Petrova, A. Vailionis 1 microscopy was used to determine the equilibrium shapes of two-dimensional TiN vacancy islands on atomically

Khare, Sanjay V.

133

Orientation-dependent mobilities from analyses of two-dimensional TiN(111) island decay J. Bareo,1*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Orientation-dependent mobilities from analyses of two-dimensional TiN(111) island decay kinetics J (T = 1550-1700 K) low-energy electron microscopy measurements of two-dimensional TiN island coarsening/decay kinetics on TiN(111) terraces for which ( ) values are known [Phys. Rev. B 67 (2003) 35409

Khare, Sanjay V.

134

The effect of axial strain cycling on the critical current density and n-value of ITER niobium-tin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of axial strain cycling on the critical current density and n-value of ITER niobium-tin niobium-tin VAC and EM-LMI strands and the detailed characterisation of the EM-LMI-TFMC strand at -0 current density and n-value of two ITER candidate niobium-tin strands (EM- LMI and VAC). The strands were

Hampshire, Damian

135

Epitaxial TiN,,001... Grown and Analyzed In situ by XPS and UPS. II. Analysis of Ar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Epitaxial TiN,,001... Grown and Analyzed In situ by XPS and UPS. II. Analysis of Ar Sputter Etched and UPS were used to study epitaxial TiN 001 layers grown in situ which were Ar sputter etched. The films Host Material: epitaxial TiN(001) thin film sputter etched Instrument: Physical Electronics, Inc. 5400

Gall, Daniel

136

EURODISPLAY 2002 631 P-64: A Comparative Study of Metal Oxide Coated Indium-tin Oxide Anodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EURODISPLAY 2002 631 P-64: A Comparative Study of Metal Oxide Coated Indium-tin Oxide Anodes and Technology Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong Abstract Indium-tin oxide anodes capped with certain oxides-emitting diodes (OLEDs). The oxides of tin, zinc, praseodymium, yttrium, gallium, terbium and titanium have been

137

Unifying the strain and temperature scaling laws for the pinning force density in superconducting niobium-tin multifilamentary wires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

niobium-tin multifilamentary wires Najib Cheggoura) and Damian P. Hampshire Superconductivity Group critical current density (Jc) tolerance to strain , performed on a bronze processed niobium-tin . 2 The power m was found to be about 1 for niobium-tin (Nb3Sn) although the power n in the Fietz

Hampshire, Damian

138

arXiv:condmat/0607335 Molecular dynamics of shock fronts and their transitions in Lennard-Jonesium and Tin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Lennard-Jonesium and Tin J. M. D. Lane #3; and M. P. Marder y Center for Nonlinear Dynamics, University for shocks in tin which agrees to within 6% with experimental data. We study the strong shock to elastic-plastic shock transition in tin and #12;nd that it is a continuous transition consistent with a transcritical

Texas at Austin. University of

139

MOSSBAUER STUDIES ON THE STATE OF TIN ATOMS SEGREGATED AT THE GRAIN BOUNDARY OF IRON AND IRON ALLOYS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MOSSBAUER STUDIES ON THE STATE OF TIN ATOMS SEGREGATED AT THE GRAIN BOUNDARY OF IRON AND IRON, Tokyo, Japan Abstract.- The binding state of tin atoms segregated at the grain boundary of fine grained state differs considerably from that of solid solution tin even though the average binding force itself

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

140

Epitaxial TiN,,001... Grown and Analyzed In situ by XPS and UPS. I. Analysis of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Epitaxial TiN,,001... Grown and Analyzed In situ by XPS and UPS. I. Analysis of As-deposited Layers used to characterize as- deposited epitaxial TiN 001 layers grown in situ. The films were deposited, while the UPS data was generated by He I and He II UV radiation. The spectra show that the TiN 001

Gall, Daniel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Pathways of atomistic processes on TiN,,001... and ,,111... surfaces during film growth: an ab initio study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pathways of atomistic processes on TiN,,001... and ,,111... surfaces during film growth: an ab used to calculate binding and diffusion energies of adatoms, molecules, and small clusters on TiN 001 and TiN 111 surfaces in order to isolate the key atomistic processes which determine texture evolution

Gall, Daniel

142

Absolute orientation-dependent anisotropic TiN,,111... island step energies and stiffnesses from shape fluctuation analyses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absolute orientation-dependent anisotropic TiN,,111... island step energies and stiffnesses from fluctuations about the anisotropic equilibrium shape of two-dimensional TiN 111 adatom and vacancy islands on atomically smooth TiN 111 terraces. The equilibrium island shape was found to be a truncated hexagon bounded

Khare, Sanjay V.

143

Patterning of indium tin oxide by projection photoablation and lift-off process for fabrication of flat-panel displays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Patterning of indium tin oxide by projection photoablation and lift-off process for fabrication online 25 June 2007 Indium tin oxide ITO , an important material used as a transparent conductive oxide in such fabrication. Therefore, innovations in patterning tech- nology, especially for materials such as indium tin

Jain, Kanti

144

A monopole-optimized effective interaction for tin isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a systematic configuration-interaction shell model calculation on the structure of light tin isotopes with a new global optimized effective interaction. The starting point of the calculation is the realistic CD-Bonn nucleon-nucleon potential. The unknown single-particle energies of the $1d_{3/2}$, $2s_{1/2}$ and $0h_{11/2}$ orbitals and the T=1 monopole interactions are determined by fitting to the binding energies of 157 low-lying yrast states in $^{102-132}$Sn. We apply the Hamiltonian to analyze the origin of the spin inversion between $^{101}$Sn and $^{103}$Sn that was observed recently and to explore the possible contribution from interaction terms beyond the normal pairing.

Chong Qi; Z. X. Xu

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

145

Effective interactions and shell model studies of heavy tin isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results from large-scale shell-model calculations of even and odd tin isotopes from 134Sn to 142}Sn with a shell-model space defined by the 1f7/2,2p3/2,0h9/2,2p1/2,1f5/2,0i13/2 single-particle orbits. An effective two-body interaction based on modern nucleon-nucleon interactions is employed. The shell-model results are in turn analyzed for their pairing content using a generalized seniority approach. Our results indicate that a pairing-model picture captures a great deal of the structure and the correlations of the lowest lying states for even and odd isotopes.

M. P. Kartamyshev; T. Engeland; M. Hjorth-Jensen; E. Osnes

2006-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

146

Enhanced superconducting pairing interaction in indium-doped tin telluride  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ferroelectric degenerate semiconductor Sn{sub 1-{delta}}Te exhibits superconductivity with critical temperatures, T{sub c}, of up to 0.3 K for hole densities of order 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3}. When doped on the tin site with greater than x{sub c} = 1.7(3)% indium atoms, however, superconductivity is observed up to 2 K, though the carrier density does not change significantly. We present specific heat data showing that a stronger pairing interaction is present for x > x{sub c} than for x < x{sub c}. By examining the effect of In dopant atoms on both T{sub c} and the temperature of the ferroelectric structural phase transition, T{sub SPT}, we show that phonon modes related to this transition are not responsible for this T{sub c} enhancement, and discuss a plausible candidate based on the unique properties of the indium impurities.

Erickson, A.S.

2010-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

147

Enhanced superconducting pairing interaction in indium-doped tin telluride  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ferroelectric degenerate semiconductor Sn{sub 1-{delta}}Te exhibits superconductivity with critical temperatures, T{sub c}, of up to 0.3 K for hole densities of order 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3}. When doped on the tin site with greater than x{sub c} = 1.7(3)% indium atoms, however, superconductivity is observed up to 2 K, though the carrier density does not change significantly. We present specific heat data showing that a stronger pairing interaction is present for x > x{sub c} than for x < x{sub c}. By examining the effect of In dopant atoms on both T{sub c} and the temperature of the ferroelectric structural phase transition, T{sub SPT}, we show that phonon modes related to this transition are not responsible for this T{sub c} enhancement, and discuss a plausible candidate based on the unique properties of the indium impurities.

Erickson, A.S.; Chu, J.-H.; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.; Toney, M.F.; Geballe, T.H.; Fisher, I.R.; /SLAC, SSRL /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

148

Film Coating Process Research and Characterization of TiN Coated Racetrack-type Ceramic Pipe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TiN film was coated on the internal face of racetrack-type ceramic pipe by three different methods: radio-frequency sputtering, DC sputtering and DC magnetron sputtering. The deposition rates of TiN film under different coating methods were compared. According to the AFM, SEM, XPS test results,these properties were analyzed, such as TiN film roughness and surface morphology. At the same time, the deposition rates were studied under two types' cathode, Ti wires and Ti plate. According to the SEM test results, Ti plate cathode can improve the TiN/Ti film deposition rate obviously.

Wang, Jie; Zhang, Bo; Wei, Wei; Fan, Le; Pei, Xiangtao; Hong, Yuanzhi; Wang, Yong

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Simulation studies for Tin Bolometer Array for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is important to identify and reduce the gamma radiation which can be a significant source of background for any double beta decay experiment. The TIN.TIN detector array, which is under development for the search of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in $^{124}$Sn, has the potential to utilize the hit multiplicity information to discriminate the gamma background from the events of interest. Monte Carlo simulations for optimizing the design of a Tin detector module has been performed by varying element sizes with an emphasis on the gamma background reduction capabilities of the detector array.

V. Singh; N. Dokania; S. Mathimalar; V. Nanal; R. G. Pillay

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

150

Simulation studies for Tin Bolometer Array for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is important to identify and reduce the gamma radiation which can be a significant source of background for any double beta decay experiment. The TIN.TIN detector array, which is under development for the search of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in $^{124}$Sn, has the potential to utilize the hit multiplicity information to discriminate the gamma background from the events of interest. Monte Carlo simulations for optimizing the design of a Tin detector module has been performed by varying element sizes with an emphasis on the gamma background reduction capabilities of the detector array.

Singh, V; Mathimalar, S; Nanal, V; Pillay, R G

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Electrochemical fabrication and optical properties of porous tin oxide films with structural colors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photonic crystals with porous features not only provide the capability to control light but also enable structural colors that are environmentally sensitive. Here, we report a novel kind of tin oxide-based photonic crystal featuring periodically arranged air pores fabricated by the periodic anodization of tin foil. The existence of a photonic band gap in the fabricated structure is verified by its vivid color, and its reflective spectra which are responsive to environmental stimuli. Furthermore, the sample colors (i.e., the photonic band gap positions) can be easily adjusted by manipulating the anodization parameters. The theoretical modeling results of these tin oxide photonic crystals agree well with the reported experimental ones.

Cheng, Hua; Shu, Shiwei; Lee, Chris; Zeng, Shanshan [Center of Super-Diamond and Advanced Films (COSDAF), City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Av. Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Centre for Functional Photonics, City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Av. Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Avenue (Hong Kong); Lu, Zhouguang [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, South University of Science and Technology of China, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518055 (China); Lu, Jian, E-mail: jianlu@cityu.edu.hk, E-mail: yangli@cityu.edu.hk [Department of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon (Hong Kong); Centre for Advanced Structural Materials, City University of Hong Kong Shenzhen Research Institute, 8 Yuexing 1st Road, Shenzhen Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Nanshan District, Shenzhen (China); Li, Yang Yang, E-mail: jianlu@cityu.edu.hk, E-mail: yangli@cityu.edu.hk [Center of Super-Diamond and Advanced Films (COSDAF), City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Av. Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Centre for Functional Photonics, City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Av. Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Avenue (Hong Kong); City University of Hong Kong Shenzhen Research Institute, 8 Yuexing 1st Road, Shenzhen Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Nanshan District, Shenzhen (China)

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

152

Three-dimensional defect characterization : focused ion beam tomography applied to tin sulfide thin films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Porosity is postulated to be one of the reasons for the low efficiency of tin sulfide-based devices. This work is a preliminary investigation of the effects of two film growth parameters deposition rate and substrate ...

Youssef, Amanda

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Transparent and Conductive Carbon Nanotube Multilayer Thin Films Suitable as an Indium Tin Oxide Replacement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transparent electrodes made from metal oxides suffer from poor flexibility and durability. Highly transparent and electrically conductive thin films based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were assembled as a potential indium tin oxide (ITO) replacement...

Park, Yong Tae

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

154

Measurement of light capture in solar cells from silver- and tin-plated patterned bus bars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bus bars on solar cells shade silicon from light. When the bus bars are patterned, they can reflect light back onto the silicon using total internal reflection. These patterned bus bars are tin plated and produce 1-2.5% ...

Winiarz, Christine Eve

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Permanent Home Number: Residential Number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Permanent Home Number: Residential Number: Mobile: Please update my contact details. Signature nominated correspondence address as indicated below. Permanent Home Adress Residential Address Other Address (Must not be a PO Box) Residential Address (Must not be a PO Box) Other - Postal/Optional Address

Viglas, Anastasios

156

Fabrication of heterojunction solar cells by improved tin oxide deposition on insulating layer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Highly efficient tin oxide-silicon heterojunction solar cells are prepared by heating a silicon substrate, having an insulating layer thereon, to provide a substrate temperature in the range of about 300.degree. C. to about 400.degree. C. and thereafter spraying the so-heated substrate with a solution of tin tetrachloride in a organic ester boiling below about 250.degree. C. Preferably the insulating layer is naturally grown silicon oxide layer.

Feng, Tom (Morris Plains, NJ); Ghosh, Amal K. (New Providence, NJ)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

UNIT NUMBER:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

193 UNIT NUMBER: 197 UNIT NAME: CONCRETE RUBBLE PILE (30) REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Outside plant security fence, north of the plant on Big Bayou Creek on private property....

158

SOFA Component Revision Identification 1 Premysl Brada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOFA Component Revision Identification 1 Premysl Brada Department of Computer Science versions, component revision numbers and change indications are derived as a well- founded version called "component revisions" and the basic fine-grained "type revisions", can subsequently be used

159

Online Identification and Stochastic Control for Autonomous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Online Identification and Stochastic Control for Autonomous Internal Combustion Engines Andreas A Advanced internal combustion engine technologies have afforded an increase in the number of controllable economy, pollutant emissions, and engine acceleration. In engine use, table values are interpo- lated

Papalambros, Panos

160

Extended and Revised Analysis of Singly Ionized Tin: Sn II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electronic structure of singly ionized tin (SnII) is partly a one-electron and partly a three-electron system with ground configuration 5s25p. The excited configurations are of the type 5s2nl in the one-electron part, and 5s5p2, 5p3 and 5s5pnl (nl = 6s, 5d) in the three-electron system with quartet and doublet levels. The spectrum analyzed in this work was recorded on a 3 m normal incidence vacuum spectrograph of the Antigonish laboratory (Canada) in the wavelength region 300 - 2080 {\\AA} using a triggered spark source. The existing interpretation of the one-electron level system was confirmed in this paper, while the 2S1/2 level of the 5s5p2 configuration has been revised. The analysis has been extended to include new configurations 5p3, 5s5p5d and 5s5p6s with the aid of superposition-of-configurations Hartree-Fock calculations with relativistic corrections. The ionization potential obtained from the ng series was found to be 118023.7(5) 1/cm (14.63307(6) eV). We give a complete set of critically evaluat...

Haris, K; Tauheed, A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

TIN2 Binds TRF1 and TRF2 Simultaneously and Stabilizes the TRF2 Complex on Telomeres*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TIN2 Binds TRF1 and TRF2 Simultaneously and Stabilizes the TRF2 Complex on Telomeres* Received interacting partner, TIN2, as well as PIP1 and POT1 and regulates telomere-length homeo- stasis. The TRF2 that TRF1, TIN2, PIP1, and POT1 are associated with the TRF2-hRap1 complex. Gel filtration identified a TRF

de Lange, Titia

162

SECTION E  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TIN Taxpayer Identification Number TPA Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (also known as Tri-Party Agreement) TRU Transuranic (waste) TSCA Toxic...

163

On-line coating of glass with tin oxide by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition (APCVD) of tin oxide is a very important manufacturing technique used in the production of low-emissivity glass. It is also the primary method used to provide wear-resistant coatings on glass containers. The complexity of these systems, which involve chemical reactions in both the gas phase and on the deposition surface, as well as complex fluid dynamics, makes process optimization and design of new coating reactors a very difficult task. In 2001 the U.S. Dept. of Energy Industrial Technologies Program Glass Industry of the Future Team funded a project to address the need for more accurate data concerning the tin oxide APCVD process. This report presents a case study of on-line APCVD using organometallic precursors, which are the primary reactants used in industrial coating processes. Research staff at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore, CA, and the PPG Industries Glass Technology Center in Pittsburgh, PA collaborated to produce this work. In this report, we describe a detailed investigation of the factors controlling the growth of tin oxide films. The report begins with a discussion of the basic elements of the deposition chemistry, including gas-phase thermochemistry of tin species and mechanisms of chemical reactions involved in the decomposition of tin precursors. These results provide the basis for experimental investigations in which tin oxide growth rates were measured as a function of all major process variables. The experiments focused on growth from monobutyltintrichloride (MBTC) since this is one of the two primary precursors used industrially. There are almost no reliable growth-rate data available for this precursor. Robust models describing the growth rate as a function of these variables are derived from modeling of these data. Finally, the results are used to conduct computational fluid dynamic simulations of both pilot- and full-scale coating reactors. As a result, general conclusions are reached concerning the factors affecting the growth rate in on-line APCVD reactors. In addition, a substantial body of data was generated that can be used to model many different industrial tin oxide coating processes. These data include the most extensive compilation of thermochemistry for gas-phase tin-containing species as well as kinetic expressions describing tin oxide growth rates over a wide range of temperatures, pressures, and reactant concentrations.

Allendorf, Mark D.; Sopko, J.F. (PPF Industries, Pittsburgh, PA); Houf, William G.; Chae, Yong Kee; McDaniel, Anthony H.; Li, M. (PPF Industries, Pittsburgh, PA); McCamy, J.W. (PPF Industries, Pittsburgh, PA)

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Coherent growth of superconducting TiN thin films by plasma enhanced molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the formation of titanium nitride (TiN) thin films on (001) MgO substrates by molecular beam epitaxy and radio frequency acitvated nitrogen plasma. Although cubic TiN is stabile over a wide temperature range, superconducting TiN films are exclusively obtained when the substrate temperature exceeds 710 Degree-Sign C. TiN films grown at 720 Degree-Sign C show a high residual resistivity ratio of approximately 11 and the superconducting transition temperature (T{sub c}) is well above 5 K. Superconductivity has been confirmed also by magnetiztion measurements. In addition, we determined the upper critical magnetic field ({mu}{sub 0}H{sub c2}) as well as the corresponding coherence length ({xi}{sub GL}) by transport measurements under high magnetic fields. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy data revealed full in plane coherency to the substrate as well as a low defect density in the film, in agreement with a mean-free path length Script-Small-L Almost-Equal-To 106 nm, which is estimated from the residual resistivity value. The observations of reflection high energy electron diffraction intensity oscillations during the growth, distinct Laue fringes around the main Bragg peaks, and higher order diffraction spots in the reciprocal space map suggest the full controlability of the thickness of high quality superconducting TiN thin films.

Krockenberger, Yoshiharu; Karimoto, Shin-ichi; Yamamoto, Hideki; Semba, Kouich [NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corporation, 3-1 Morinosato-Wakamiya, Atsugi, Kanagawa 243-0198 (Japan)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

Broad spectral response photodetector based on individual tin-doped CdS nanowire  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High purity and tin-doped 1D CdS micro/nano-structures were synthesized by a convenient thermal evaporation method. SEM, EDS, XRD and TEM were used to examine the morphology, composition, phase structure and crystallinity of as-prepared samples. Raman spectrum was used to confirm tin doped into CdS effectively. The effect of impurity on the photoresponse properties of photodetectors made from these as-prepared pure and tin-doped CdS micro/nano-structures under excitation of light with different wavelength was investigated. Various photoconductive parameters such as responsivity, external quantum efficiency, response time and stability were analyzed to evaluate the advantage of doped nanowires and the feasibility for photodetector application. Comparison with pure CdS nanobelt, the tin-doped CdS nanowires response to broader spectral range while keep the excellect photoconductive parameters. Both trapped state induced by tin impurity and optical whispering gallery mode microcavity effect in the doped CdS nanowires contribute to the broader spectral response. The micro-photoluminescence was used to confirm the whispering gallery mode effect and deep trapped state in the doped CdS nanowires.

Zhou, Weichang, E-mail: wchangzhou@gmail.com, E-mail: dstang@hunnu.edu.cn; Peng, Yuehua; Yin, Yanling; Zhou, Yong; Zhang, Yong; Tang, Dongsheng, E-mail: wchangzhou@gmail.com, E-mail: dstang@hunnu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Low-dimensional Quantum Structures and Quantum Control of Ministry of Education, College of Physics and Information Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081 (China)

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Release Path Temperatures of Shock-Compressed Tin from Dynamic Reflectance and Radiance Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dynamic reflectance and radiance measurements were conducted for tin samples shock compressed to 35 GPa and released to 15 GPa using high explosives. We determined the reflectance of the tin samples glued to lithium fluoride windows using an integrating sphere with an internal xenon flashlamp as an illumination source. The dynamic reflectance (R) was determined at near normal incidence in four spectral bands with coverage in visible and near-infrared spectra. Uncertainties in R/R0 are < 2%, and uncertainties in absolute reflectance are < 5%. In complementary experiments, thermal radiance from the tin/glue/lithium fluoride interface was recorded with similar shock stress and spectral coverage as the reflectance measurements. The two sets of experiments were combined to obtain the temperature history of the tin surface with an uncertainty of < 2%. The stress at the interface was determined from photonic Doppler velocimetry and combined with the temperatures to obtain temperature-stress release paths for tin. We discuss the relationship between the experimental release paths and release isentropes that begin on the principal shock Hugoniot.

La Lone, B. M. [NSTec; Stevens, G. D. [NSTec; Turley, W. D. [NSTec; Holtkamp, D. B. [LANL; Iverson, A. J. [NSTec; Hixson, R. S. [NSTec; Veeser, L. R. [NSTec

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Passivation and anodic oxidation of duplex TiN coating on stainless steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The passivation and anodic oxidation of duplex TiN coatings deposited by arc ion plating onto prenitrided AISI 304 stainless steel have been studied by potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and Mott-Schottky measurements in 0.1 M H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} + 0.05 M HCl. The chemical composition of the oxidized surface film atop TiN was analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Up to 1.2 V/SHE the TiN coating exhibits passive behavior, which is attributed to the formation of a TiO{sub 2}-like film of nanometer thickness which grows linearly with anodic potential at a rate of 2.4 nm/V. Above 1.2 V/SHE enhanced anodic oxidation of TiN is observed at a rate of 17.7 nm/V, and the overall corrosion performance is governed both by the oxidized TiN coating and by a metallic Ti interlayer atop the nitrided stainless steel substrate. At all potentials the TiO{sub 2} film is characterized by relatively high donor densities and is, furthermore, terminated by a hydroxylated surface.

Rudenja, S.; Pan, J.; Wallinder, I.O.; Leygraf, C.; Kulu, P.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

COLLEGE OF CHARLESTON POLICY AND PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the taxpayer identification number (TIN) of a U. S. person/organization (including a resident alien. The Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) issued by the IRS to resident aliens and nonresident aliens

Kasman, Alex

169

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplment au no 12, Tome 35, Dcembre 1974,page C6-393 SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND LATTICE DYNAMICS OF GRANULAR TIN (*)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-393 SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND LATTICE DYNAMICS OF GRANULAR TIN (*) S. AKSELROD, M. PASTERNAK Physics Department, Tel was measured in samples of 4 5 8 Sn grains embedded in a tin-oxide matrix. The Debye temperature of the same

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

170

Tin(II) alkoxide hydrolysis products for use as base catalysts  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Tin alkoxide compounds are provided with accessible electrons. The compounds are a polymeric tin alkoxide, [Sn(OCH.sub.2 C(CH.sub.3).sub.3).sub.2 ].sub.n, and the hydrolysis products Sn.sub.6 O.sub.4 (OCH.sub.2 C(CH.sub.3).sub.3).sub.4 and Sn.sub.5 O.sub.2 (OCH.sub.2 C(CH.sub.3).sub.3).sub.6. The hydrolysis products are formed by hydrolyzing the [Sn(OCH.sub.2 C(CH.sub.3).sub.3).sub.2 ].sub.n in a solvent with controlled amounts of water, between 0.1 and 2 moles of water per mole of the polymeric tin alkoxide.

Boyle, Timothy J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Tin-117m-labeled stannic (Sn.sup.4+) chelates  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The radiopharmaceutical reagents of this invention and the class of Tin-117m radiopharmaceuticals are therapeutic and diagnostic agents that incorporate gamma-emitting nuclides that localize in bone after intravenous injection in mammals (mice, rats, dogs, and rabbits). Images reflecting bone structure or function can then be obtained by a scintillation camera that detects the distribution of ionizing radiation emitted by the radioactive agent. Tin-117m-labeled chelates of stannic tin localize almost exclusively in cortical bone. Upon intravenous injection of the reagent, the preferred chelates are phosphonate compounds, preferable, PYP, MDP, EHDP, and DTPA. This class of reagents is therapeutically and diagnostically useful in skeletal scintigraphy and for the radiotherapy of bone tumors and other disorders.

Srivastava, Suresh C. (Setauket, NY); Meinken, George E. (Middle Island, NY); Richards, Powell (Bayport, NY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

State of the Art Power-in Tube Niobium-Tin Superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Powder-in-Tube (PIT) processed Niobium-Tin wires are commercially manufactured for nearly three decades and have demonstrated a combination of very high current density (presently up to 2500 A mm{sup -2} non-Cu at 12 T and 4.2 K) with fine (35 {micro}m), well separated filaments. We review the developments that have led to the present state of the art PIT Niobium-Tin wires, discuss the wire manufacturing and A15 formation processes, and describe typical superconducting performance in relation to magnetic field and strain. We further highlight successful applications of PIT wires and conclude with an outlook on possibilities for further improvements in the performance of PIT Niobium-Tin wires.

Godeke, A.; Ouden, A. Den; Nijhuis, A.; ten Kate, H.H.J.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Epitaxial TiN(001) wetting layer for growth of thin single-crystal Cu(001) J. S. Chawla, X. Y. Zhang, and D. Galla)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Epitaxial TiN(001) wetting layer for growth of thin single-crystal Cu(001) J. S. Chawla, X. Y.5-nm-thick TiN(001) buffer layer. X-ray diffraction and reflection indicate that the TiN(001) surface continuous Cu layer on MgO. The wet- ting of Cu on TiN is expected to be better, due to the surface energy

Gall, Daniel

174

714 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 38, NO. 4, APRIL 2010 Interaction of a CO2 Laser Pulse With Tin-Based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pulse With Tin-Based Plasma for an Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Source Yezheng Tao, Mark S. Tillack

Najmabadi, Farrokh

175

Nondestructive characterization of a TiN metal gate: Chemical and structural properties by means of standing-wave hard x-ray  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nondestructive characterization of a TiN metal gate: Chemical and structural properties by means (HXPS, HAXPES) is applied to a thick (100 A ) film of a metal gate TiN grown on top of a Si/MoSi2 of TiN, as well as the buried interface between TiN and the native oxide on top of the mirror

Fadley, Charles

176

Artificial fireball generation via an erosive discharge with tin alloy electrodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a method for generation of long-living autonomous fireball-like objects via a pulse erosive discharge between tin alloy electrodes. The objects are similar to the natural ball lightning in some properties, in particular, they have high energy density and are capable to burn through thin metal foils. The dynamics of the objects are studied using high speed videorecording. During their lifetime the fireballs generate aerogel threads. The studies of their structure by scanning electron microscopy reveal the presence of tin oxide nanoparticles and nanowhiskers.

Pirozerski, A L; Lebedeva, E L; Borisov, B F; Khomutova, A S; Mavlonazarov, I O

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Tridentate ligated heteronuclear tin(II) alkoxides for use as base catalysts  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Tin alkoxide compounds are provided with accessible electrons. The tin alkoxide compound have the general formula (THME).sub.2 Sn.sub.3 (M(L).sub.x).sub.y, where THME is (O--CH.sub.2).sub.3 C(CH.sub.3), M is a metal atom selected from Sn and Ti, L is an organic/inorganic ligand selected from an alkoxide, a phenoxide or an amide, x is selected from 2 and 4 and y is selected from 0 and 1. These compounds have applicability as base catalysts in reactions and in metal-organic chemical vapor depositions processes.

Boyle, Timothy J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Surface modification of indium tin oxide by plasma treatment: An effective method to improve the efficiency, brightness, and reliability of organic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface modification of indium tin oxide by plasma treatment: An effective method to improve; accepted for publication 7 January 1997 We demonstrate the improvement of an indium tin oxide anode contact conductivity, and effi- ciency as a hole injector into organic materials, indium tin oxide ITO has been widely

179

DETERMINATION OF THE SURFACE COMPOSITION OF BINARY ALLOYS BY AUGER ELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY: THE GOLD-SILVER AND GOLD-TIN SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE GOLD-SILVER AND GOLD-TIN SYSTEMS Steven Henry Overbury (GOLD-SILVER lu"JD GOLD-TIN SYSTEl1S Steven Henry Overburyat % Au,113 WEIGHT PERCENT TIN I I I I 133G. [5~ II I T L I

Overbury, S.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Intrinsic anomalous surface roughening of TiN films deposited by reactive sputtering M. A. Auger,1,5 L. Vzquez,1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intrinsic anomalous surface roughening of TiN films deposited by reactive sputtering M. A. Auger,1 manuscript received 1 December 2005; published 31 January 2006 We study surface kinetic roughening of TiN. The TiN films exhibit intrinsic anomalous scaling and multiscaling. The film kinetic roughening

Cuerno, Rodolfo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

arXiv:cond-mat/0607335v113Jul2006 Molecular dynamics of shock fronts and their transitions in Lennard-Jonesium and Tin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Lennard-Jonesium and Tin J. M. D. Lane and M. P. Marder Center for Nonlinear Dynamics, University of Texas for shocks in tin which agrees to within 6% with experimental data. We study the strong shock to elastic-plastic shock transition in tin and find that it is a continuous transition consistent with a transcritical

Texas at Austin. University of

182

Selective etching of TiN over TaN and vice versa in chlorine-containing Hyungjoo Shin,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selective etching of TiN over TaN and vice versa in chlorine-containing plasmas Hyungjoo Shin 1 April 2013; published 18 April 2013) Selectivity of etching between physical vapor-deposited TiN selectivity of etching TiN over TaN by adding small amounts (

Economou, Demetre J.

183

Indium tin oxide single-mode waveguide modulator Ray T. Chen, Dan Robinson, Huey Lu, Lev Sadovnik, and Zonh-Zen Ho  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Indium tin oxide single-mode waveguide modulator Ray T. Chen, Dan Robinson, Huey Lu, Lev Sadovnik containing an indium tin oxide waveguide, two holographic mirrors, two microprisms, and two ohmic contacts range of interest. The index of refraction of an indium tin oxide film can be represented by 362 / SPIE

Chen, Ray

184

Large-angle production of charged pions by 3 GeV/c - 12 GeV/c protons on carbon, copper and tin targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement of the double-differential $\\pi^{\\pm}$ production cross-section in proton--carbon, proton--copper and proton--tin collisions in the range of pion momentum $100 \\MeVc \\leq p < 800 \\MeVc$ and angle $0.35 \\rad \\le \\theta <2.15 \\rad$ is presented. The data were taken with the HARP detector in the T9 beam line of the CERN PS. The pions were produced by proton beams in a momentum range from 3 \\GeVc to 12 \\GeVc hitting a target with a thickness of 5% of a nuclear interaction length. The tracking and identification of the produced particles was done using a small-radius cylindrical time projection chamber (TPC) placed in a solenoidal magnet. An elaborate system of detectors in the beam line ensured the identification of the incident particles. Results are shown for the double-differential cross-sections at four incident proton beam momenta (3 \\GeVc, 5 \\GeVc, 8 \\GeVc and 12 \\GeVc).

HARP Collaboration

2007-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

185

Copper-silver-titanium-tin filler metal for direct brazing of structural ceramics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of joining ceramics and metals to themselves and to one another at about 800.degree. C. is described using a brazing filler metal consisting essentially of 35 to 50 at. % copper, 40 to 50 at. % silver, 1 to 15 at. % titanium, and 2 to 8 at. % tin. This method produces strong joints that can withstand high service temperatures and oxidizing environments.

Moorhead, Arthur J. (Knoxville, TN)

1988-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

186

DFTand k.p modellingof the phase transitions of lead and tin halideperovskites for photovoltaic cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DFTand k.p modellingof the phase transitions of lead and tin halideperovskites for photovoltaic Rennes, UMR 6226, 35042 Rennes, France KeywordsPerovskite, photovoltaic, first-principles calculations, k these hybrid semiconductor photovoltaic cells(HSPC) maydiffer from the one of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

187

Collapse of superconductivity in a hybrid tin-graphene Josephson junction array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Collapse of superconductivity in a hybrid tin-graphene Josephson junction array Zheng Han1 of the Josephson junction array into a zero-temperature metallic state. The suppression of proximity, models involving specific types of Josephson junction arrays in which superconducting disks are coupled

Boyer, Edmond

188

Spectroscopic characterization of laser-induced tin plasma S. S. Harilal,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to convert Nd:YAG yttrium aluminum gar- net radiation to 13.5-nm EUV radiation, achieving over 2% conversion and magnetic field13 on an expanding, laser-produced plasma. Most of the previous studies of fully dense tin

Harilal, S. S.

189

Influence of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet and ion emission features from tin plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studies showed that the EUV/x-ray emission from laser-heated clusters are strong function of laser pulseInfluence of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet and ion emission features from tin plasmasLASE Project, Department of Diode-Pumped Lasers, Institute of Physics of the ASCR, Na Slovance 2, 18221 Prague

Harilal, S. S.

190

Correlation between the Indium Tin Oxide morphology and the performances of polymer light-emitting diodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: This paper reports on performance enhancement of polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) based on poly(2,5-bis. Keywords : Polymer light emitting diode; Indium tin oxide; Atomic force microscopy; Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy 1. Introduction Polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) have received worldwide

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

191

Ambient gas effects on the dynamics of laser-produced tin plume expansion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ambient gas effects on the dynamics of laser-produced tin plume expansion S. S. Harilal,a Beau O in the development of an extreme ultraviolet lithographic light source. An ambient gas that is transparent to 13.5 nm and deceleration of plume species, the addition of ambient gas leads to other events such as double peak formation

Tillack, Mark

192

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C4, supplkment au no 5, Tome 35, Mai 1974,page C4-75 ON THE CPA IN A MUFFIN-TIN MODEL POTENTIAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IN A MUFFIN-TIN MODEL POTENTIAL THEORY OF RANDOM SUBSTITUTIONAL ALLOYS B. L. GYORFFY and G. M. STOCKS HH Wills se simplifient pour des puits de potentiel muffin-tin sans recouvrement, et nous pourrons deriver une scattering amplitude t;(&)in the CPA for non-overlapping muffin-tin potential wells is simplified and a new

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

193

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplkment au no 12, Tome 37, DPcembre 1976,page C6-897 M~SSBAUERSTUDIES OF' lZ9IATOMS IMPLANTED IN a-AND fl-TIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~SSBAUERSTUDIES OF' lZ9IATOMS IMPLANTED IN a- AND fl-TIN H. DE WAARD and G. J. KEMERINK Laboratorium voor Algemene on the basis of a simple model. Implants of 1291 in /3 tin yield two line spectra identicalto those found for implants in a tin converted to /3 tin by heating. Repeated phase transitions show that the impurity

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

194

Methods for chemical recovery of non-carrier-added radioactive tin from irradiated intermetallic Ti-Sb targets  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides a method of chemical recovery of no-carrier-added radioactive tin (NCA radiotin) from intermetallide TiSb irradiated with accelerated charged particles. An irradiated sample of TiSb can be dissolved in acidic solutions. Antimony can be removed from the solution by extraction with dibutyl ether. Titanium in the form of peroxide can be separated from tin using chromatography on strong anion-exchange resin. In another embodiment NCA radiotin can be separated from iodide solution containing titanium by extraction with benzene, toluene or chloroform. NCA radiotin can be finally purified from the remaining antimony and other impurities using chromatography on silica gel. NCA tin-117m can be obtained from this process. NCA tin-117m can be used for labeling organic compounds and biological objects to be applied in medicine for imaging and therapy of various diseases.

Lapshina, Elena V. (Troitsk, RU); Zhuikov, Boris L. (Troitsk, RU); Srivastava, Suresh C. (Setauket, NY); Ermolaev, Stanislav V. (Obninsk, RU); Togaeva, Natalia R. (Obninsk, RU)

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

195

Growth of CrO[subscript 2] coated single crystalline (SnO[subscript 2]) tin oxide nanowires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single crystalline tin oxide (SnO[subscript 2]) nanowires have been synthesized by carbothermal reduction of SnO[subscript 2] nanopowder followed by thermal evaporation of the reduced precursor and growth via the ...

Miao, Guo-Xing

196

Heat Source Identification Based on L1 Constrained Minimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

problem, which was shown to be very efficient for sparse recovery. For the heat source identificationHeat Source Identification Based on L1 Constrained Minimization Yingying Li Stanley Osher Richard to the heat equation is considered. The initial data is assumed to be a sum of an unknown but finite number

Soatto, Stefano

197

Optical fuel pin scanner. [Patent application; for reading identifications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This patent relates to an optical identification system developed for post-irradiation disassembly and analysis of fuel bundle assemblies. The apparatus is designed to be lowered onto a stationary fuel pin to read identification numbers or letters imprinted on the circumference of the top fuel pin and cap. (DLC)

Kirchner, T.L.; Powers, H.G.

1980-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

198

Hydrogen plasma treatment for improved conductivity in amorphous aluminum doped zinc tin oxide thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improving the conductivity of earth-abundant transparent conductive oxides (TCOs) remains an important challenge that will facilitate the replacement of indium-based TCOs. Here, we show that a hydrogen (H{sub 2})-plasma post-deposition treatment improves the conductivity of amorphous aluminum-doped zinc tin oxide while retaining its low optical absorption. We found that the H{sub 2}-plasma treatment performed at a substrate temperature of 50?C reduces the resistivity of the films by 57% and increases the absorptance by only 2%. Additionally, the low substrate temperature delays the known formation of tin particles with the plasma and it allows the application of the process to temperature-sensitive substrates.

Morales-Masis, M., E-mail: monica.moralesmasis@epfl.ch; Ding, L.; Dauzou, F. [Photovoltaics and Thin-Film Electronics Laboratory (PVLab), Institute of Microengineering (IMT), Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne - EPFL, Rue de la Maladire 71b, CH-2002 Neuchatel (Switzerland); Jeangros, Q. [Interdisciplinary Centre for Electron Microscopy, Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne (Switzerland); Hessler-Wyser, A. [Photovoltaics and Thin-Film Electronics Laboratory (PVLab), Institute of Microengineering (IMT), Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne - EPFL, Rue de la Maladire 71b, CH-2002 Neuchatel (Switzerland); Interdisciplinary Centre for Electron Microscopy, Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne (Switzerland); Nicolay, S. [Centre Suisse dElectronique et de Microtechnique (CSEM) SA, Rue Jaquet-Droz 1, CH-2002 Neuchatel (Switzerland); Ballif, C. [Photovoltaics and Thin-Film Electronics Laboratory (PVLab), Institute of Microengineering (IMT), Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne - EPFL, Rue de la Maladire 71b, CH-2002 Neuchatel (Switzerland); Centre Suisse dElectronique et de Microtechnique (CSEM) SA, Rue Jaquet-Droz 1, CH-2002 Neuchatel (Switzerland)

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Symmetry Energy and the Isoscaling in Reactions on Enriched Tin Isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The coefficients of symmetry energy term for fragments with Z=4,11,12 measured in multifragmentation reactions initiated by proton and deuteron with energy of 3.65A GeV on enriched tin isotopes 112,118,120,124Sn are determined. The dependence of isoscaling parameter on the excitation energy, the temperature of fragmenting systems and the density ratio for heavy mass products are analised.

A. S. Danagulyan; A. R. Balabekyan; G. H. Hovhannisyan

2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

200

INTERIM RESULTS FROM A STUDY OF THE IMPACTS OF TIN(II) BASED MERCURY TREATMENT IN A SMALL STREAM ECOSYSTEM: TIMS BRANCH, SAVANNAH RIVER SITE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mercury (Hg) has been identified as a 'persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic' pollutant with widespread impacts throughout North America and the world (EPA. 1997a, 1997b, 1998a, 1998b, 2000). Although most of the mercury in the environment is inorganic Hg, a small proportion of total Hg is transformed through the actions of aquatic microbes into methylmercury (MeHg). In contrast to virtually all other metals, MeHg biomagnifies or becomes increasingly concentrated as it is transferred through aquatic food chains so that the consumption of mercury contaminated fish is the primary route of this toxin to humans. For this reason, the ambient water quality criterion (AWQC) for mercury is based on a fish tissue endpoint rather than an aqueous Hg concentration, as the tissue concentration (e.g., < 0.3 {mu}g/g fillet) is considered to be a more consistent indicator of exposure and risk (EPA, 2001). Effective mercury remediation at point-source contaminated sites requires an understanding of the nature and magnitude of mercury inputs, and also knowledge of how these inputs must be controlled in order to achieve the desired reduction of mercury contamination in biota necessary for compliance with AWQC targets. One of the challenges to remediation is that mercury body burdens in fish are more closely linked to aqueous MeHg than to inorganic Hg concentrations (Sveinsdottir and Mason 2005), but MeHg production is not easily predicted or controlled. At point-source contaminated sites, mercury methylation is not only affected by the absolute mercury load, but also by the form of mercury loaded. In addition, once MeHg is formed, the hydrology, trophic structure, and water chemistry of a given system affect how it is transformed and transferred through the food chain to fish. Decreasing inorganic Hg concentrations and loading may often therefore be a more achievable remediation goal, but has led to mixed results in terms of responses in fish bioaccumulation. A number of source control measures have resulted in rapid responses in lake or reservoir fisheries (Joslin 1994, Turner and Southworth 1999; Orihel et al., 2007), but examples of similar responses in Hg-contaminated stream ecosystems are less common. Recent work suggests that stream systems may actually be more susceptible to mercury bioaccumulation than lakes, highlighting the need to better understand the ecological drivers of mercury bioaccumulation in stream-dwelling fish (Chasar et al. 2009, Ward et al. 2010). In the present study we examine the response of fish to remedial actions in Tims Branch, a point-source contaminated stream on the Department of Energy's (DOE) Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina. This second order stream received inorganic mercury inputs at its headwaters from the 1950s-2000s which contaminated the water, sediments, and biota downstream. In 2007, an innovative mercury removal system using tin (II) chloride (stannous chloride, SnCl{sub 2}) was implemented at a pre-existing air stripper. Tin(II) reduces dissolved Hg (II) to Hg (0), which is removed by the air stripper. During this process, tin(II) is oxidized to tin (IV) which is expected to precipitate as colloidal tin(IV) oxides and hydroxides, particulate materials with relatively low toxicity (Hallas and Cooney, 1981, EPA 2002, ATSDR, 2005). The objectives of the present research are to provide an initial assessment of the net impacts of the tin(II) based mercury treatment on key biota and to document the distribution and fate of inorganic tin in this small stream ecosystem after the first several years of operating a full scale system. To support these objectives, we collected fish, sediment, water, invertebrates, and biofilm samples from Tims Branch to quantify the general behavior and accumulation patterns for mercury and tin in the ecosystem and to determine if the treatment process has resulted in: (1) a measurable beneficial impact on (i.e., decrease of) mercury concentration in upper trophic level fish and other biota; this is a key environmental endpoint since reducing mercury concen

Looney, B.; Bryan, L.; Mathews, T.

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Studies of positron identification with the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and PAMELA has been acquiring data for approximately four years. The detector was designed and optimised production in hadronic cascades within the context of positron identification. The number of 0 s produced Collaboration in 2009 were applied to simulations in the energy range 20 - 100 GeV. Results of this analysis

Haviland, David

202

Thng tin pht t my ghi m v khon chi tr phc li Bo Him Tht Nghip gn nht c th tip cn 24 ting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thng tin pht t my ghi m v khon chi tr phc li Bo Him Tht Nghip gn nht c th tip cn 24 ting mt chiu, Th Hai n Th Su, hoc vo nhng ngy cui tun. Thng tin chi tr phc li UI c cp nht hng ngy, v phn nh sinh hot h s vo ngy lm vic trc . nhn c thng tin v khon chi tr ca mnh, xin lm nhng s la chn

203

Identification in Prediction Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identification in Prediction Theory Lars B¨aumer Bielefeld 2000 #12;Acknowledgment I wish to thank remarks. 1 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 Finite-State Predictability 7 2.1 A Universal Predictor Predictability and Identifiability . . . . . . 30 3.3 Markov Machines for Identification

Bielefeld, University of

204

Real-time X-ray Diffraction Measurements of Shocked Polycrystalline Tin and Aluminum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new, fast, single-pulse x-ray diffraction (XRD) diagnostic for determining phase transitions in shocked polycrystalline materials has been developed. The diagnostic consists of a 37-stage Marx bank high-voltage pulse generator coupled to a needle-and-washer electron beam diode via coaxial cable, producing line and bremsstrahlung x-ray emission in a 35-ns pulse. The characteristic K? lines from the selected anodes of silver and molybdenum are used to produce the diffraction patterns, with thin foil filters employed to remove the characteristic K? line emission. The x-ray beam passes through a pinhole collimator and is incident on the sample with an approximately 3-mm by 6-mm spot and 1 full-width-half-maximum (FWHM) angular divergence in a Bragg-reflecting geometry. For the experiments described in this report, the angle between the incident beam and the sample surface was 8.5. A Debye-Scherrer diffraction image was produced on a phosphor located 76 mm from the polycrystalline sample surface. The phosphor image was coupled to a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera through a coherent fiberoptic bundle. Dynamic single-pulse XRD experiments were conducted with thin foil samples of tin, shock loaded with a 1-mm vitreous carbon back window. Detasheet high explosive with a 2-mm-thick aluminum buffer was used to shock the sample. Analysis of the dynamic shock-loaded tin XRD images revealed a phase transformation of the tin beta phase into an amorphous or liquid state. Identical experiments with shock-loaded aluminum indicated compression of the face-centered-cubic (fcc) aluminum lattice with no phase transformation.

Dane V. Morgan, Don Macy, Gerald Stevens

2008-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

205

Excitation energy and strength of the pygmy dipole resonance in stable tin isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The $^{112,120}$Sn$(\\gamma,\\gamma')$ reactions have been studied at the S-DALINAC. Electric dipole (E1) strength distributions have been determined including contributions from unresolved strength extracted by a fluctuation analysis. Together with available data on $^{116,124}$Sn, an experimental systematics of the pygmy dipole resonance (PDR) in stable even-mass tin isotopes is established. The PDR centroid excitation energies and summed strengths are in reasonable agreement with quasiparticle-phonon model calculations based on a nonrelativistic description of the mean field but disagree with relativistic quasiparticle random-phase approximation predictions.

B. zel; J. Enders; H. Lenske; P. von Neumann-Cosel; I. Poltoratska; V. Yu. Ponomarev; A. Richter; D. Savran; N. Tsoneva

2009-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

206

Liquid crystal terahertz phase shifters with functional indium-tin-oxide nanostructures for biasing and alignment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) nanowhiskers (NWhs) obliquely evaporated by electron-beam glancing-angle deposition can serve simultaneously as transparent electrodes and alignment layer for liquid crystal (LC) devices in the terahertz (THz) frequency range. To demonstrate, we constructed a THz LC phase shifter with ITO NWhs. Phase shift exceeding ?/2 at 1.0 THz was achieved in a ?517??m-thick cell. The phase shifter exhibits high transmittance (?78%). The driving voltage required for quarter-wave operation is as low as 5.66?V (rms), compatible with complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) and thin-film transistor (TFT) technologies.

Yang, Chan-Shan [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Tang, Tsung-Ta [Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Pan, Ru-Pin [Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30078, Taiwan (China); Yu, Peichen [Department of Photonics and Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China); Pan, Ci-Ling, E-mail: clpan@phys.nthu.edu.tw [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Frontier Research Center on Fundamental and Applied Science of Matters, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

207

Suppression of tin precipitation in SiSn alloy layers by implanted carbon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By combining transmission electron microscopy and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, we have identified carbon related suppression of dislocations and tin precipitation in supersaturated molecular-beam epitaxial grown SiSn alloy layers. Secondary ion mass spectrometry has exposed the accumulation of carbon in the SiSn layers after high temperature carbon implantation and high temperature thermal treatment. Strain-enhanced separation of point defects and formation of dopant-defect complexes are suggested to be responsible for the effects. The possibility for carbon assisted segregation-free high temperature growth of heteroepitaxial SiSn/Si and GeSn/Si structures is argued.

Gaiduk, P. I., E-mail: gaiduk@phys.au.dk [Department of Physics and Astronomy/iNANO, Aarhus University, Gustav Wieds Vej 14, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Belarusian State University, prosp. Nezavisimosti 4, 220030 Minsk (Belarus); Lundsgaard Hansen, J., E-mail: johnlh@phys.au.dk; Nylandsted Larsen, A., E-mail: anl@phys.au.dk [Department of Physics and Astronomy/iNANO, Aarhus University, Gustav Wieds Vej 14, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Bregolin, F. L., E-mail: f.lipp-bregolin@hzdr.de; Skorupa, W., E-mail: W.Skorupa@hzdr.de [Department of Semiconductor Materials, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstrae 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany)

2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

208

Highly efficient inverted organic solar cells using amino acid modified indium tin oxide as cathode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we report that highly efficient inverted organic solar cells were achieved by modifying the surface of indium tin oxide (ITO) using an amino acid, Serine (Ser). With the modification of the ITO surface, device efficiency was significantly enhanced from 0.63% to 4.17%, accompanied with an open circuit voltage (Voc) that was enhanced from 0.30?V to 0.55?V. Ultraviolet and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies indicate that the work function reduction induced by the amino acid modification resulting in the decreased barrier height at the ITO/organic interface played a crucial role in the enhanced performances.

Li, Aiyuan; Nie, Riming; Deng, Xianyu, E-mail: xydeng@hitsz.edu.cn [Research Center for Advanced Functional Materials and Devices, Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenzhen Graduate School, Harbin Institute of Technology, Shenzhen 518055 (China); Wei, Huaixin; Li, Yanqing; Tang, Jianxin [Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China); Zheng, Shizhao; Wong, King-Young [Department of Physics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong (China)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

209

Indium tin oxide and indium phosphide heterojunction nanowire array solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heterojunction solar cells were formed with a position-controlled InP nanowire array sputtered with indium tin oxide (ITO). The ITO not only acted as a transparent electrode but also as forming a photovoltaic junction. The devices exhibited an open-circuit voltage of 0.436?V, short-circuit current of 24.8?mA/cm{sup 2}, and fill factor of 0.682, giving a power conversion efficiency of 7.37% under AM1.5?G illumination. The internal quantum efficiency of the device was higher than that of the world-record InP cell in the short wavelength range.

Yoshimura, Masatoshi, E-mail: yoshimura@rciqe.hokudai.ac.jp; Nakai, Eiji; Fukui, Takashi [Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, and Research Center for Integrated Quantum Electronics (RCIQE), Hokkaido University, Kita 13 Nishi 8, Sapporo 0608628 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, and Research Center for Integrated Quantum Electronics (RCIQE), Hokkaido University, Kita 13 Nishi 8, Sapporo 0608628 (Japan); Tomioka, Katsuhiro [Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, and Research Center for Integrated Quantum Electronics (RCIQE), Hokkaido University, Kita 13 Nishi 8, Sapporo 0608628 (Japan) [Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, and Research Center for Integrated Quantum Electronics (RCIQE), Hokkaido University, Kita 13 Nishi 8, Sapporo 0608628 (Japan); PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Honcho Kawaguchi, 3320012 Saitama (Japan)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

210

Tin City Long Range Radar Station Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark JumpDetective JumpInc., 2010)PtyO'reillyOpen EnergyTin City

211

Reduction And Stabilization (Immobilization) Of Pertechnetate To An Immobile Reduced Technetium Species Using Tin(II) Apatite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic tin(II)apatite reduces pertechnetate from the mobile +7 to a non-mobile oxidation state and sequesters the technetium, preventing re-oxidization to mobile +7 state under acidic or oxygenated conditions. Previous work indicated technetium reacted Sn(II)apatite can achieve an ANSI leachability index of 12.8 in Cast Stone. An effect by pH is observed on the distribution coefficient, the highest distribution coefficient being l70,900 observed at pH levels of 2.5 to 10.2. The tin apatite was resistant to releasing technetium under test conditions.

Duncan, J. B.

2012-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

212

Shell-model study of quadrupole collectivity in light tin isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A realistic shell-model study is performed for neutron-deficient tin isotopes up to mass A=108. All shell-model ingredients, namely two-body matrix elements, single-particle energies, and effective charges for electric quadrupole transition operators, have been calculated by way of the many-body perturbation theory, starting from a low-momentum interaction derived from the high-precision CD-Bonn free nucleon-nucleon potential. The focus has been put on the enhanced quadrupole collectivity of these nuclei, which is testified by the observed large B(E2;0+ -> 2+)s. Our results evidence the crucial role played by the Z=50 cross-shell excitations that need to be taken into account explicitly to obtain a satisfactory theoretical description of light tin isotopes. We find also that a relevant contribution comes from the calculated neutron effective charges, whose magnitudes exceed the standard empirical values. An original double-step procedure has been introduced to reduce effectively the model space in order to ov...

Coraggio, L; Gargano, A; Itaco, N; Kuo, T T S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Shell-model study of quadrupole collectivity in light tin isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A realistic shell-model study is performed for neutron-deficient tin isotopes up to mass A=108. All shell-model ingredients, namely two-body matrix elements, single-particle energies, and effective charges for electric quadrupole transition operators, have been calculated by way of the many-body perturbation theory, starting from a low-momentum interaction derived from the high-precision CD-Bonn free nucleon-nucleon potential. The focus has been put on the enhanced quadrupole collectivity of these nuclei, which is testified by the observed large B(E2;0+ -> 2+)s. Our results evidence the crucial role played by the Z=50 cross-shell excitations that need to be taken into account explicitly to obtain a satisfactory theoretical description of light tin isotopes. We find also that a relevant contribution comes from the calculated neutron effective charges, whose magnitudes exceed the standard empirical values. An original double-step procedure has been introduced to reduce effectively the model space in order to overcome the computational problem.

L. Coraggio; A. Covello; A. Gargano; N. Itaco; T. T. S. Kuo

2015-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

214

Optical generation of free charge carriers in thin films of tin oxide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The methods of infrared absorption spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy are used to study nanocrystalline SnO{sub x} films (1 {<=} x {<=} 2) prepared by thermal oxidation of metallic tin layers. A monotonic decrease in the transmittance of films in the infrared region has been observed as a result of exposure of the films to light with the wavelength of 380 nm at room temperature. The effect is at a maximum for the samples with x Almost-Equal-To 2 and is observed for {approx}10 min after switching off of illumination. The mentioned variations in optical properties, similarly to those observed in the case of heating of the samples in the dark, are accounted for by an increase in the concentration of free charge carriers (electrons) in nanocrystals of tin dioxide. The data of infrared spectroscopy and the Drude model are used to calculate the concentrations of photogenerated charge carriers ({approx}10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}); variations in these concentrations in the course of illumination and after switching off of illumination are determined. Mechanisms of observed photogeneration of charge carriers in SnO{sub x} films and possible applications of this effect to gas sensors are discussed.

Zhurbina, I. A., E-mail: zhurbina@vega.phys.msu.ru; Tsetlin, O. I.; Timoshenko, V. Yu. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplment au no 12, Tome 35, Dcembre 1974,page C6-379 DEBYE-WALLER FACTOR OF TIN-ANTIMONY SOLID SOLUTIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-WALLER FACTOR OF TIN-ANTIMONY SOLID SOLUTIONS J. SITEK, J. CIRAK and J. LIPKA Slovak Technical University at % and 10at %tin in antimony. Values of the forceconstantratio have been obtained. The Mossbauer effect recoilless fraction for the sample with 3 at % (sample 1) and 10 at % (sample 2) of tin in antimony became

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

216

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplkment au no 8, Tome 39, aozit 1978,page C6-1097 AN EXPERIMENTAL TEST OF THE RIGID-MUFFIN-TIN APPROXIMATION USED IN THE THEORY OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1097 AN EXPERIMENTAL TEST OF THE RIGID-MUFFIN-TIN APPROXIMATION USED IN THE THEORY OF ELECTRON-PHONON INTERACTION W electron-phonon et B T sont prdsentdes. Abstract.- The validity of the rigidmuffin-tin approximation theoreticalwork on electron-phonon interaction in transition metals makes use of the rigid-muffin-tin (RMT

Boyer, Edmond

217

(Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,410 9,800 3,170 5,630 6,200 Shipments from Government stockpile excesses 4,540 60 -- -- -- Consumption: electrical, 29%; cans and containers, 18%; construction, 13%; transportation, 12%; and other, 28 as follows: primary metal consumed, $980 million; imports for consumption, refined tin, $1.36 billion

218

Hyper Space Complex Number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new kind of numbers called Hyper Space Complex Numbers and its algebras are defined and proved. It is with good properties as the classic Complex Numbers, such as expressed in coordinates, triangular and exponent forms and following the associative and commutative laws of addition and multiplication. So the classic Complex Number is developed from in complex plane with two dimensions to in complex space with N dimensions and the number system is enlarged also.

Shanguang Tan

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

219

The New Element Californium (Atomic Number 98)  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

Definite identification has been made of an isotope of the element with atomic number 98 through the irradiation of Cm{sup 242} with about 35-Mev helium ions in the Berkeley Crocker Laboratory 60-inch cyclotron. The isotope which has been identified has an observed half-life of about 45 minutes and is thought to have the mass number 244. The observed mode of decay of 98{sup 244} is through the emission of alpha-particles, with energy of about 7.1 Mev, which agrees with predictions. Other considerations involving the systematics of radioactivity in this region indicate that it should also be unstable toward decay by electron capture. The chemical separation and identification of the new element was accomplished through the use of ion exchange adsorption methods employing the resin Dowex-50. The element 98 isotope appears in the eka-dysprosium position on elution curves containing berkelium and curium as reference points--that is, it precedes berkelium and curium off the column in like manner that dysprosium precedes terbium and gadolinium. The experiments so far have revealed only the tripositive oxidation state of eka-dysprosium character and suggest either that higher oxidation states are not stable in aqueous solutions or that the rates of oxidation are slow. The successful identification of so small an amount of an isotope of element 98 was possible only through having made accurate predictions of the chemical and radioactive properties.

Seaborg, G. T.; Thompson, S. G.; Street, K. Jr.; Ghiroso, A.

1950-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

220

Tin-Based Reactive Solders for Ceramic/Metal Joints RAKESH R. KAPOOR and THOMAS W . EAGAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

( { ) Tin-Based Reactive Solders for Ceramic/Metal Joints RAKESH R. KAPOOR and THOMAS W . EAGAR engine com- ponents), wear parts, tool materials, electrical feed- throughs, and metal contacts on ceramics. To overcome this problem, reactive metals are added to the filler metai.11- 181These reactive

Eagar, Thomas W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Graphene oxide oxidizes stannous ions to synthesize tin sulfidegraphene nanocomposites with small crystal size for high performance lithium ion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene oxide oxidizes stannous ions to synthesize tin sulfide­graphene nanocomposites with small September 2012 DOI: 10.1039/c2jm34864k This study reports a novel strategy of preparing graphene composites by employing graphene oxide as precursor and oxidizer. It is demonstrated that graphene oxide can oxidize

Cao, Guozhong

222

Enhancer Identification through Comparative Genomics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the availability of genomic sequence from numerousvertebrates, a paradigm shift has occurred in the identification ofdistant-acting gene regulatory elements. In contrast to traditionalgene-centric studies in which investigators randomly scanned genomicfragments that flank genes of interest in functional assays, the modernapproach begins electronically with publicly available comparativesequence datasets that provide investigators with prioritized lists ofputative functional sequences based on their evolutionary conservation.However, although a large number of tools and resources are nowavailable, application of comparative genomic approaches remains far fromtrivial. In particular, it requires users to dynamically consider thespecies and methods for comparison depending on the specific biologicalquestion under investigation. While there is currently no single generalrule to this end, it is clear that when applied appropriately,comparative genomic approaches exponentially increase our power ingenerating biological hypotheses for subsequent experimentaltesting.

Visel, Axel; Bristow, James; Pennacchio, Len A.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Identification of Novel Virulence Genes of Salmonella enterica Using an Array Based Analysis of Cistrons Under Selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the identification of genes required for Salmonella survival in many environments. Identification of Salmonella genes necessary for growth in different niches has made rapid progress in recent years, as the molecular biologic tools for their identification become... more sophisticated and are applied to study this organism in an increasing number of environments. In the following chapter I detail the identification of Salmonella genes required in niches that have been studied to date, and describe advances...

Reynolds, Mollie Megan

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

224

Elements of number theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dissertation argues for the necessity of a morphosemantic theory of number, that is, a theory of number serviceable both to semantics and morphology. The basis for this position, and the empirical core of the dissertation, ...

Harbour, Daniel, 1975-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Broad compositional tunability of indium tin oxide nanowires grown by the vapor-liquid-solid mechanism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Indium tin oxide nanowires were grown by the reaction of In and Sn with O{sub 2} at 800?C via the vapor-liquid-solid mechanism on 1 nm Au/Si(001). We obtain Sn doped In{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanowires having a cubic bixbyite crystal structure by using In:Sn source weight ratios > 1:9 while below this we observe the emergence of tetragonal rutile SnO{sub 2} and suppression of In{sub 2}O{sub 3} permitting compositional and structural tuning from SnO{sub 2} to In{sub 2}O{sub 3} which is accompanied by a blue shift of the photoluminescence spectrum and increase in carrier lifetime attributed to a higher crystal quality and Fermi level position.

Zervos, M., E-mail: zervos@ucy.ac.cy; Giapintzakis, J. [Nanotechnology Research Centre (NRC), University of Cyprus, P.O. Box 20537, Nicosia 1678 (Cyprus); Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Cyprus, P.O. Box 20537, Nicosia 1678 (Cyprus); Mihailescu, C. N. [Nanotechnology Research Centre (NRC), University of Cyprus, P.O. Box 20537, Nicosia 1678 (Cyprus); Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Cyprus, P.O. Box 20537, Nicosia 1678 (Cyprus); National Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation Physics, Str. Atomistilor, P.O. Box MG-36, 077125 Magurele (Romania); Luculescu, C. R. [Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Cyprus, P.O. Box 20537, Nicosia 1678 (Cyprus); National Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation Physics, Str. Atomistilor, P.O. Box MG-36, 077125 Magurele (Romania); Florini, N.; Komninou, Ph.; Kioseoglou, J. [Nanostructured Materials Microscopy Group (NMMG), Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 Thessaloniki (Greece); Othonos, A. [Nanotechnology Research Centre (NRC), University of Cyprus, P.O. Box 20537, Nicosia 1678 (Cyprus); Research Center of Ultrafast Science, Department of Physics, University of Cyprus, P.O. Box 20537, Nicosia 1678 (Cyprus)

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Orbital dependent nucleonic pairing in the lightest known isotopes of tin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By studying the 109Xe-->105Te-->101Sn superallowed alpha-decay chain, we observe low-lying states in 101Sn, the one-neutron system outside doubly magic 100Sn. We find that the spins of the ground state (J = 7=2) and first excited state (J = 5=2) in 101Sn are reversed with respect to the traditional level ordering postulated for 103Sn and the heavier tin isotopes. Through simple arguments and state-of-the-art shell model calculations we explain this unexpected switch in terms of a transition from the single-particle regime to the collective mode in which orbital-dependent pairing correlations, dominate.

Iain G. Darby; Robert K. Grzywacz; Jon C. Batchelder; Carrol R. Bingham; Lucia Cartegni; Carl J. Gross; Morten Hjorth-Jensen; David T. Joss; Sean N. Liddick; Witold Nazarewicz; Stephen Padgett; Robert D. Page; Thomas Papenbrock; Mustafa M. Rajabali; Jimmy Rotureau; Krzysztof P. Rykaczewski

2010-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

227

Spray coated indium-tin-oxide-free organic photodiodes with PEDOT:PSS anodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we report on Indium Tin Oxide (ITO)-free spray coated organic photodiodes with an active layer consisting of a poly(3-hexylthiophen) (P3HT) and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) blend and patterned poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) electrodes. External quantum efficiency and current voltage characteristics under illuminated and dark conditions as well as cut-off frequencies for devices with varying active and hole conducting layer thicknesses were measured in order to characterize the fabricated devices. 60% quantum efficiency as well as nearly four orders of magnitude on-off ratios have been achieved. Those values are comparable with standard ITO devices.

Schmidt, Morten, E-mail: morten.schmidt@nano.ei.tum.de; Falco, Aniello; Loch, Marius; Lugli, Paolo; Scarpa, Giuseppe [Institute for Nanoelectronics, Technical University of Munich, Arcisstr. 21, 80333 Munich (Germany)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Inkjet printed ambipolar transistors and inverters based on carbon nanotube/zinc tin oxide heterostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report ambipolar field-effect transistors (FETs) consisting of inkjet printed semiconductor bilayer heterostructures utilizing semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and amorphous zinc tin oxide (ZTO). The bilayer structure allows for electron transport to occur principally in the amorphous oxide layer and hole transport to occur exclusively in the SWCNT layer. This results in balanced electron and hole mobilities exceeding 2 cm{sup 2} V{sup ?1} s{sup ?1} at low operating voltages (<5?V) in air. We further show that the SWCNT-ZTO hybrid ambipolar FETs can be integrated into functional inverter circuits that display high peak gain (>10). This work provides a pathway for realizing solution processable, inkjet printable, large area electronic devices, and systems based on SWCNT-amorphous oxide heterostructures.

Kim, Bongjun; Jang, Seonpil; Dodabalapur, Ananth, E-mail: ananth.dodabalapur@engr.utexas.edu [Microelectronics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Geier, Michael L.; Prabhumirashi, Pradyumna L. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States); Hersam, Mark C. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States); Department of Medicine, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

2014-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

229

Optimisation of the material properties of indium tin oxide layers for use in organic photovoltaics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of indium tin oxide [(In{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Sn), ITO] material properties on the output performance of organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices has been modelled and investigated. In particular, the effect of altering carrier concentration (n), thickness (t), and mobility (?{sub e}) in ITO films and their impact on the optical performance, parasitic resistances and overall efficiency in OPVs was studied. This enables optimal values of these parameters to be calculated for solar cells made with P3HT:PC{sub 61}BM and PCPDTBT:PC{sub 71}BM active layers. The optimal values of n, t and ?{sub e} are not constant between different OPV active layers and depend on the absorption spectrum of the underlying active layer material system. Consequently, design rules for these optimal values as a function of donor bandgap in bulk-heterojunction active layers have been formulated.

Doggart, P.; Bristow, N.; Kettle, J., E-mail: j.kettle@bangor.ac.uk [School of Electronic Engineering, Bangor University, Dean St., Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales LL57 1UT (United Kingdom)

2014-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

230

Method for palliation of pain in human bone cancer using therapeutic tin-117m compositions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides a method for the palliation of bone pain due to cancer by the administration of a unique dosage of a tin-117m (Sn-117m) stannic chelate complex in a pharmaceutically acceptable composition. In addition, the invention provides a method for simultaneous palliation of bone pain and radiotherapy in cancer patients using compositions containing Sn-117m chelates. The invention also provides a method for palliating bone pain in cancer patients using Sn-117m-containing compositions and monitoring patient status by imaging the distribution of the Sn-117m in the patients. Also provided are pharmaceutically acceptable compositions containing Sn-117m chelate complexes for the palliation of bone pain in cancer patients.

Srivastava, Suresh C. (Setauket, NY); Meinken, George E. (Middle Island, NY); Mausner, Leonard F. (Stony Brook, NY); Atkins, Harold L. (Setauket, NY)

1998-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

231

Method for palliation of pain in human bone cancer using therapeutic tin-117m compositions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides a method for the palliation of bone pain due to cancer by the administration of a unique dosage of a tin-117m (Sn-117m) stannic chelate complex in a pharmaceutically acceptable composition. In addition, the invention provides a method for simultaneous palliation of bone pain and radiotherapy in cancer patients using compositions containing Sn-117m chelates. The invention also provides a method for palliating bone pain in cancer patients using Sn-117m-containing compositions and monitoring patient status by imaging the distribution of the Sn-117m in the patients. Also provided are pharmaceutically acceptable compositions containing Sn-117m chelate complexes for the palliation of bone pain in cancer patients. 5 figs.

Srivastava, S.C.; Meinken, G.E.; Mausner, L.F.; Atkins, H.L.

1998-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

232

Final Report for "Boron and Tin in Nuclear Medicien: The Development of Reactive Solid-State Reagents for PET and SPECT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research program was directed at the use of functionalized organometallic reagents that would rapidly react with radiolabeled agents generated by a medical cyclotron or reactor. The radioisotopes included fluorine-18, oxgygen-15, nitrogen-13, carbon-11 and iodine-123; all short lived nuclides of importantce in nuclear medicine imaging studies utilizing emission tomography techniques. The early studies led to the development of extensive new isotope incorporation chemistry. These studies validated the feasibility of using reactive intermediates, such as the organoboranes, and acted as a catalyst for others to investigate organometallic agents based on mercury, tin, and silicon. A large number of radiolabeling techniques and radiopharmaceuticals were developed. These included agents for use in oncology, neurology, and metabolism. The research resulted in the generation of one hundred and one journal articles, eighty seven refereed published abstracts and forty one invited lectures. Thirteen postdoctoral students, fourteen graduate students, and twenty eight undergraduate students were trained in the scientific aspects of nuclear medicine imaging under the asupices of this grant.

George W. Kabalka

2006-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

233

Definitions Numbered Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Definitions · Numbered Space ­ a single space marked with a number and reserved for a single permit 24/7 · Unnumbered Space ­ a space which can be used by any customer allowed to park in that lot. High Low Average Question 4: If I buy a staff permit for an UNNUMBERED* space in a non-gated surface

Behmer, Spencer T.

234

Synthesizing photovoltaic thin films of high quality copper-zinc-tin alloy with at least one chalcogen species  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for synthesizing a thin film of copper, zinc, tin, and a chalcogen species ("CZTCh" or "CZTSS") with well-controlled properties. The method includes depositing a thin film of precursor materials, e.g., approximately stoichiometric amounts of copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), tin (Sn), and a chalcogen species (Ch). The method then involves re-crystallizing and grain growth at higher temperatures, e.g., between about 725 and 925 degrees K, and annealing the precursor film at relatively lower temperatures, e.g., between 600 and 650 degrees K. The processing of the precursor film takes place in the presence of a quasi-equilibrium vapor, e.g., Sn and chalcogen species. The quasi-equilibrium vapor is used to maintain the precursor film in a quasi-equilibrium condition to reduce and even prevent decomposition of the CZTCh and is provided at a rate to balance desorption fluxes of Sn and chalcogens.

Teeter, Glenn; Du, Hui; Young, Matthew

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

235

In0,53Ga0.47Asp-i-n photodiodes with transparent cadmium tin oxide contacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In0,53Ga0.47Asp-i-n photodiodes with transparent cadmium tin oxide contacts Paul R. Berger,a) Niloy for publication 28 July 1992) A new type of p-i-n In,,,,GaO,,,As photodiode having an optically transparent into the i-region is not relevant avoiding an increased dark current. The photodiodes exhibited leakage

236

A METHOD FOR ESTIMATING THE CONFIDENCE IN THE IDENTIFICATION OF NUCLEAR TRANSIENTS BY A BAGGED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In this respect, a large number of diagnostic methods have been proposed in the past decade for application to NPP identification, which has been proposed by the authors in a previous work [11]. Bagging [12] is used to construct

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

237

DOE/ID-Number  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

performance and PSC in NPPs and the latest information on mobile devices and software technology in order to explore a number of usage scenarios. In their research, the team...

238

PINS Spectrum Identification Guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Portable Isotopic Neutron SpectroscopyPINS, for shortsystem identifies the chemicals inside munitions and containers without opening them, a decided safety advantage if the fill chemical is a hazardous substance like a chemical warfare agent or an explosive. The PINS Spectrum Identification Guide is intended as a reference for technical professionals responsible for the interpretation of PINS gamma-ray spectra. The guide is divided into two parts. The three chapters that constitute Part I cover the science and technology of PINS. Neutron activation analysis is the focus of Chapter 1. Chapter 2 explores PINS hardware, software, and related operational issues. Gamma-ray spectral analysis basics are introduced in Chapter 3. The six chapters of Part II cover the identification of PINS spectra in detail. Like the PINS decision tree logic, these chapters are organized by chemical element: phosphorus-based chemicals, chlorine-based chemicals, etc. These descriptions of hazardous, toxic, and/or explosive chemicals conclude with a chapter on the identification of the inert chemicals, e.g. sand, used to fill practice munitions.

A.J. Caffrey

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Enhancing the Lithiation Rate of Silicon Nanowires by the Inclusion of Tin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silicon (Si) has a very high lithium storage capacity and is being explored as a negative electrode material in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Si nanowires can exhibit relatively stable performance for many cycles of charging; however, conductive carbon must often be added to the electrode layer to improve the rate capability due to the relatively low electrical conductivity of Si. The added carbon lowers the capacity of the electrode. Here, we show that the rate capability of Si in LIBs can be substantially enhanced by incorporating tin (Sn) into Si nanowires. The solubility of Sn in Si is very low (0.015 at%); yet, Sn used as a seed for supercritical fluidliquidsolid (SFLS) growth can be trapped in Si nanowires with relatively high concentration (10 at%). Such Sn-containing Si nanowires and no added conductive carbon in the electrode layer, could be cycled in LIBs with high capacity (*1000 mA h g*1 over 100 cycles) at a current density of 2.8 A g*1 (1 C). Capacities exceeding that of graphite could still be reached at cycle rates as high as 2 C. Real-time in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that lithiation occurs five times faster in Si nanowires with significant amounts of Sn than in the Si nanowires without Sn, and twice as fast as in nanowires that were coated with carbon.

Bogart, Timothy D.; Lu, Xiaotang; Gu, Meng; Wang, Chong M.; Korgel, Brian A.

2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

240

In situ formation of tin nanocrystals embedded in silicon nitride matrix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tin (Sn) nanocrystals (NCs) embedded in a silicon nitride (Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}) matrix have been fabricated in a cosputtering process employing low temperature (100 deg. C) substrate heating. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed the formation of uniformly sized Sn NCs of 5.2+-0.9 nm evenly distributed in the Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} matrix. Both TEM and x-ray diffraction measurements showed that the Sn NCs adopted the semimetallic tetragonal beta-Sn structure rather than the cubic semiconducting alpha-Sn structure. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that the semimetallic state (Sn{sup 0}) is the major component of Sn in the sample films. Our investigation demonstrates a pronounced effect of the substrate temperature on the formation of Sn NCs. The mechanism of in situ formation of Sn NCs is discussed. We suggest that the formation of uniformly sized Sn NCs is correlated with lowering the surface mobility of the nuclei due to the presence of the cosputtered Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}.

Huang Shujuan; So, Yong Heng; Conibeer, Gavin; Green, Martin A. [ARC Photovoltaics Centre of Excellence, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Ultra thin indium tin oxide films on various substrates by pulsed laser deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) thin films with low resistivities of 0.1--0.2 m{Omega}-cm were deposited on various substrates such as YSZ, glass, and ZnO buffered glass by pulsed laser deposition (PLD). The X-ray rocking curve of crystalline (200) ITO films grown on (100) YSZ had a FWHM as narrow as 0.08{degree}. ITO films grown on ZnO (0001) buffered glass had an single (222) orientation and the X-ray rocking curve had a FWHM of 2.1{degree}. Ultrathin ITO films of 3.6nm were fabricated on YSZ and their electrical properties were measured from 10K--300K. ITO films fabricated on ZnO buffered glass and bare glass were characterized by Hall effect measurements as a function of temperature. The results indicate that the resistivity of ITO films grown by PLD does not depend on the orientation or the structure of the thin film. The resistivity is dominated by impurity scattering in the range of 10K--300K. The authors show that ZnO/glass is a good alternative to bare glass for producing commercial ITO films.

Sun, X.W.; Kwok, H.S. [Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology, Kowloon (Hong Kong). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Kim, D.H. [LG Electronics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

242

High-efficiency indium tin oxide/indium phosphide solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improvements in the performance of indium tin oxide/indium phosphide (ITO/InP) solar cells have been achieved by using dc magnetron sputter deposited /ital n/-ITO onto an epitaxial /ital p///ital p//sup +/ structure grown on good quality commercial /ital p//sup +/ bulk substrates. The composition of the sputtering gas has been investigated and the highest efficiency cells resulted when the surface of the epilayer was exposed to an Ar/H/sub 2/ plasma before depositing the bulk of the ITO in a more typical Ar/O/sub 2/ plasma. With H/sub 2/ processing, record efficiencies of 18.9% global, 1000 W m/sup /minus/2/, 25 /degree/C (17.0% air mass zero) were achieved. Without H/sub 2/ processing, the devices exhibited lower efficiencies and were unstable. Type conversion of the InP was shown to occur and was established as being associated with the ITO (possibly due to Sn donors) rather than sputter damage. These improvements in performance have resulted from the optimization of the doping, thickness, transport, and surface properties of the /ital p/-type base, as well as from better control over the ITO deposition procedure.

Li, X.; Wanlass, M. W.; Gessert, T. A.; Emery, K. A.; Coutts, T. J.

1989-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

243

Performance enhancement of organic light-emitting diodes by chlorine plasma treatment of indium tin oxide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The characteristics of green phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) fabricated on ITO/glass substrates pretreated with low-energy O{sub 2} and Cl{sub 2} plasma were compared. At 20 mA/cm{sup 2}, the OLEDs with O{sub 2} and Cl{sub 2} plasma-treated indium tin oxide (ITO) had voltages of 9.6 and 7.6 eV, and brightness of 9580 and 12380 cd/m{sup 2}, respectively. At {approx}10{sup 4} cd/m{sup 2}, the latter had a 30% higher external quantum efficiency and a 74% higher power efficiency. Photoelectron spectroscopies revealed that Cl{sub 2} plasma treatment created stable In-Cl bonds and raised the work function of ITO by up to 0.9 eV. These results suggest that the better energy level alignment at the chlorinated ITO/organic interface enhances hole injection, leading to more efficient and more reliable operation of the OLEDs. The developed plasma chlorination process is very effective for surface modification of ITO and compatible with the fabrication of various organic electronics.

Cao, X. A.; Zhang, Y. Q. [Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

244

Ag-Pd-Cu alloy inserted transparent indium tin oxide electrodes for organic solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report on the characteristics of Ag-Pd-Cu (APC) alloy-inserted indium tin oxide (ITO) films sputtered on a glass substrate at room temperature for application as transparent anodes in organic solar cells (OSCs). The effect of the APC interlayer thickness on the electrical, optical, structural, and morphological properties of the ITO/APC/ITO multilayer were investigated and compared to those of ITO/Ag/ITO multilayer electrodes. At the optimized APC thickness of 8?nm, the ITO/APC/ITO multilayer exhibited a resistivity of 8.55??10{sup ?5} ? cm, an optical transmittance of 82.63%, and a figure-of-merit value of 13.54??10{sup ?3} ?{sup ?1}, comparable to those of the ITO/Ag/ITO multilayer. Unlike the ITO/Ag/ITO multilayer, agglomeration of the metal interlayer was effectively relieved with APC interlayer due to existence of Pd and Cu elements in the thin region of the APC interlayer. The OSCs fabricated on the ITO/APC/ITO multilayer showed higher power conversion efficiency than that of OSCs prepared on the ITO/Ag/ITO multilayer below 10?nm due to the flatness of the APC layer. The improved performance of the OSCs with ITO/APC/ITO multilayer electrodes indicates that the APC alloy interlayer prevents the agglomeration of the Ag-based metal interlayer and can decrease the thickness of the metal interlayer in the oxide-metal-oxide multilayer of high-performance OSCs.

Kim, Hyo-Joong; Seo, Ki-Won; Kim, Han-Ki, E-mail: imdlhkkim@khu.ac.kr [Department of Advanced Materials Engineering for Information and Electronics, Kyung-Hee University, 1 Seocheon-dong, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of); Noh, Yong-Jin; Na, Seok-In [Graduate School of Flexible and Printable Electronics, Chonbuk National University, 664-14, Deokjin-dong, Jeonju-si, Jeollabuk-do 561-756 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Thng 9, 2011 Xu t b n b i O ce of International A airs M i thng tin trong t ri ny u c trn m ng. c thng tin chi ti t v c p nh t, xin vui lng  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thng 9, 2011 Xu t b n b i O ce of International A airs M i thng tin trong t ri ny u c trn m ng. c thng tin chi ti t v c p nh t, xin vui lng tra c u t i website c a chng ti : httpThng tin nhanh NTU, tr ng i h c t ng h p l n nh t v lu i nh t i Loan, thng bo cc chng trnh o

Wu, Yih-Min

246

SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION OF UNDERWATER VEHICLES Javier Pereira and Alec Duncan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.duncan@cmst.curtin.edu.au Abstract - Unmanned underwater vehicles (UUV's) are used in a number of applications such as pipelineSYSTEM IDENTIFICATION OF UNDERWATER VEHICLES Javier Pereira and Alec Duncan Australian Maritime hydrodynamic derivative measurements from sea trials using an underwater vehicle which is a half-scale model

247

Gas-phase transport of WF6 through annular nanopipes in TiN during chemical vapor deposition of W on TiN/Ti/SiO2 structures for integrated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gas-phase transport of WF6 through annular nanopipes in TiN during chemical vapor deposition of W through the 106-nm-thick TiN film. W piles up at the TiN/Ti interface, while F rapidly saturates the TiN-sectional and scanning transmission electron microscopy analyses demonstrate that WF6 penetrates into the TiN layer

Allen, Leslie H.

248

High-rate and low-temperature synthesis of TiO2, TiN, and TiO2/TiN/TiO2 thin films and study of their optical and interfacial characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-rate and low-temperature synthesis of TiO2, TiN, and TiO2/TiN/TiO2 thin films and study with unbalanced magnetrons, we deposited advanced inorganic functional thin films such as TiO2, TiN, and TiO2/Ti sputtering. The TiO2 101 and TiN 100 thin films were stoichiometric and polycrystalline but highly oriented

Boo, Jin-Hyo

249

Report number codes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication lists all report number codes processed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information. The report codes are substantially based on the American National Standards Institute, Standard Technical Report Number (STRN)-Format and Creation Z39.23-1983. The Standard Technical Report Number (STRN) provides one of the primary methods of identifying a specific technical report. The STRN consists of two parts: The report code and the sequential number. The report code identifies the issuing organization, a specific program, or a type of document. The sequential number, which is assigned in sequence by each report issuing entity, is not included in this publication. Part I of this compilation is alphabetized by report codes followed by issuing installations. Part II lists the issuing organization followed by the assigned report code(s). In both Parts I and II, the names of issuing organizations appear for the most part in the form used at the time the reports were issued. However, for some of the more prolific installations which have had name changes, all entries have been merged under the current name.

Nelson, R.N. (ed.)

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

ALARA notes, Number 8  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document contains information dealing with the lessons learned from the experience of nuclear plants. In this issue the authors tried to avoid the `tyranny` of numbers and concentrated on the main lessons learned. Topics include: filtration devices for air pollution abatement, crack repair and inspection, and remote handling equipment.

Khan, T.A.; Baum, J.W.; Beckman, M.C. [eds.] [eds.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

CHEMICAL SAFETY Emergency Numbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - CHEMICAL SAFETY MANUAL 2010 #12;- 2 - Emergency Numbers UNBC Prince George Campus Security Prince George Campus Chemstores 6472 Chemical Safety 6472 Radiation Safety 5530 Biological Safety 5530 use, storage, handling, waste and emergency management of chemicals on the University of Northern

Bolch, Tobias

252

A number of organizations,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

installed solar electric systems on a number of the city's buildings, including the Chicago Center for Green Technology shown here. CityofChicago Aggregated Purchasing--A Clean Energy Strategy SOLAR TODAY Aggregated Purchasing--A Clean Energy Strategy by Lori A. Bird and Edward A. Holt #12;November/December 2002 35 Power

253

Interim Results from a Study of the Impacts of Tin (II) Based Mercury Treatment in a Small Stream Ecosystem: Tims Branch, Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A research team is assessing the impacts of an innovative mercury treatment system in Tims Branch, a small southeastern stream. The treatment system, installed in 2007, reduces and removes inorganic mercury from water using tin(II) (stannous) chloride addition followed by air stripping. The system results in discharge of inorganic tin to the ecosystem. This screening study is based on historical information combined with measurements of contaminant concentrations in water, fish, sediment, biofilms and invertebrates. Initial mercury data indicate that first few years of mercury treatment resulted in a significant decrease in mercury concentration in an upper trophic level fish, redfin pickerel, at all sampling locations in the impacted reach. For example, the whole body mercury concentration in redfin pickerel collected from the most impacted pond decreased approximately 72% between 2006 (pre-treatment) and 2010 (post-treatment). Over this same period, mercury concentrations in the fillet of redfin pickerel in this pond were estimated to have decreased from approximately 1.45 {micro}g/g (wet weight basis) to 0.45 {micro}g/g - a decrease from 4.8x to 1.5x the current EPA guideline concentration for mercury in fillet (0.3 {micro}g/g). Thermodynamic modeling, scanning electron microscopy, and other sampling data for tin suggest that particulate tin (IV) oxides are a significant geochemical species entering the ecosystem with elevated levels of tin measured in surficial sediments and biofilms. Detectable increases in tin in sediments and biofilms extended approximately 3km from the discharge location. Tin oxides are recalcitrant solids that are relatively non-toxic and resistant to dissolution. Work continues to develop and validate methods to analyze total tin in the collected biota samples. In general, the interim results of this screening study suggest that the treatment process has performed as predicted and that the concentration of mercury in upper trophic level fish, as a surrogate for all of the underlying transport and transformation processes in a complex ecosystem, has declined as a direct result of the elimination of inorganic mercury inputs. Inorganic tin released to the ecosystem has been found in compartments where particles accumulate with notable levels measured in biofilms.

Looney, Brian [Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL); BryanJr., Larry [Savannah River Ecology Laboratory; Mathews, Teresa J [ORNL; Peterson, Mark J [ORNL; Roy, W Kelly [ORNL; Jett, Robert T [ORNL; Smith, John G [ORNL

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

LABORATORY REPORT ON THE REDUCTION AND STABILIZATION (IMMOBILIZATION) OF PERTECHNETATE TO TECHNETIUM DIOXIDE USING TIN(II)APATITE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This effort is part of the technetium management initiative and provides data for the handling and disposition of technetium. To that end, the objective of this effort was to challenge tin(II)apatite (Sn(II)apatite) against double-shell tank 241-AN-105 simulant spiked with pertechnetate (TcO{sub 4}{sup -}). The Sn(II)apatite used in this effort was synthesized on site using a recipe developed at and provided by Sandia National Laboratories; the synthesis provides a high quality product while requiring minimal laboratory effort. The Sn(II)apatite reduces pertechnetate from the mobile +7 oxidation state to the non-mobile +4 oxidation state. It also sequesters the technetium and does not allow for re-oxidization to the mo bile +7 state under acidic or oxygenated conditions within the tested period oftime (6 weeks). Previous work (RPP-RPT-39195, Assessment of Technetium Leachability in Cement-Stabilized Basin 43 Groundwater Brine) indicated that the Sn(II)apatite can achieve an ANSI leachability index in Cast Stone of 12.8. The technetium distribution coefficient for Sn(II)apatite exhibits a direct correlation with the pH of the contaminated media. Table A shows Sn(II)apatite distribution coefficients as a function of pH. The asterisked numbers indicate that the lower detection limit of the analytical instrument was used to calculate the distribution coefficient as the concentration of technetium left in solution was less than the detection limit. The loaded sample (200 mg of Sn(II)apatite loaded with O.311 mg of Tc-99) was subjected to different molarities of nitric acid to determine if the Sn(II)apatite would release the sequestered technetium. The acid was allowed to contact for 1 minute with gentle shaking ('1st wash'); the aqueous solution was then filtered, and the filtrate was analyzed for Tc-99. Table B shows the results ofthe nitric acid exposure. Another portion of acid was added, shaken for a minute, and filtered ('2nd wash'). The technetium-loaded Sn(II)apatite was also subjected to water leach tests. The loaded sample (0.2 g of Sn(II)apatite was loaded with 0.342 mg of Tc-99) was placed in a 200-mL distilled water column and sparged with air. Samples were taken weekly over a 6-week period, and the dissolved oxygen ranged from 8.4 to 8.7 mg/L (average 8.5 mg/L); all samples recorded less than the detection limit of 0.01 mg/L Tc-99. The mechanism by which TcO{sub 2} is sequestered and hence protected from re-oxidation appears to be an exchange with phosphate in the apatite lattice, as the phosphorus that appeared in solution after reaction with technetium was essentially the same moles of technetium that were taken up by the Sn(II)apatite (Table 6). Overall, the reduction of the mobile pertechnetate (+7) to the less mobile technetium dioxide (+4) by Sn(II)apatite and subsequent sequestration of the technetium in the material indicates that Sn(II)apatite is an excellent candidate for long-term immobilization of technetium. The indications are that the Sn(II)apatite will lend itself to sequestering and inhibiting the reoxidation to the mobile pertechnetate species, thus keeping the radionuclide out of the environment.

DUNCAN JB; HAGERTY K; MOORE WP; RHODES RN; JOHNSON JM; MOORE RC

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Noninvasive identification of fluids by swept-frequency acoustic interferometry  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for rapid, noninvasive identification and monitoring of chemicals in sealed containers or containers where direct access to the chemical is not possible is described. Multiple ultrasonic acoustic properties (up to four) of a fluid are simultaneously determined. The present invention can be used for chemical identification and for determining changes in known chemicals from a variety of sources. It is not possible to identify all known chemicals based on the measured parameters, but known classes of chemicals in suspected containers, such as in chemical munitions, can be characterized. In addition, a large number of industrial chemicals can be identified.

Sinha, Dipen N. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Rapid microbial identification by circular intensity differential scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Circular Intensity Differential Scattering (CIDS) is one of the few really new approaches to microbial identification to have come into existence in the past several decades. The CIDS spectra can be measured as a function of wavelength, scattering angle, and/or matrix element, and a number of matrix elements can be measured virtually simultaneously. This panoply of measurements potentially gives the method resolving power for microbial identification. Some representative data taken over the past couple of years on CIDS spectra of several anti-viral vaccines is presented. 17 references; 9 figures.

Gregg, C.T.; Salzman, G.C.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

July 28, 2013 Project Identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://ernd.mosti.gov.my/eScience/Appli/frmApp_App_ProjId... 2 of 2 28/07/2013 14:10 #12;July 28, 2013 Project to expense codes).Only direct project expenses are funded by ScienceFund. Expense Category Year 1 (2010) YearJuly 28, 2013 Project Identification Project Identification Project Objectives Research Background

Bargiela, Andrzej

258

July 28, 2013 Project Identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.gov.my/eScience/Appli/frmApp_App_ProjId... 1 of 1 28/07/2013 14:12 #12;July 28, 2013 Project Cost project expenses are funded by ScienceFund. Expense Category Year 1 (2008) Year 2 (2009) Year 3 (2010July 28, 2013 Project Identification Project Identification Project Objectives Research Background

Bargiela, Andrzej

259

Development of CdS/CdTe Tin Film Devices for St. Gobain Coated Glass: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-317  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research performed at NREL to produce CdS/CdTe devices on St. Gobain coated-glass material to establish a baseline CdS/CdTe device process and determine baseline device performance parameters on St. Gobain material. Performance of these baseline devices compared to similar devices produced by applying the established baseline CdS/CdTe process on alternative St. Gobain coated-glass materials.

Gessert, T.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Formation of Light Isotopes by Protons and Deuterons of 3.65 GeV/nucleon on Separated Tin Isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We measure cross sections for residual nuclide formation in the mass range 6 tin isotopes (112-Sn, 118-Sn, 120-Sn, 124-Sn). The experimental data are compared with calculations by the codes FLUKA, LAHET, CEM03, and LAQGSM03. Scaling behavior is observed for the whole mass region of residual nuclei, showing a possible multifragmentation mechanism for the formation of light products (6 < A < 31). Our analysis of the isoscaling dependence also shows a possible contribution of multifragmentation to the production of heavier nuclides, in the mass region 39 < A < 81.

A. R. Balabekyan; A. S. Danagulyan; J. R. Drnoyan; G. H. Hovhannisyan; J. Adam; V. G. Kalinnikov; M. I. Krivopustov; V. S. Pronskikh; V. I. Stegailov; A. A. Solnyshkin; P. Chaloun; V. M. Tsoupko-Sitnikov; S. G. Mashnik; K. K. Gudima

2005-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Evolution of optical properties of tin film from solid to liquid studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry and ab initio calculation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The temperature dependent optical properties of tin film from solid to liquid were studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. The dielectric function of liquid Sn was different from solid, and an interband transition near 1.5?eV was easily observed in solid while it apparently disappeared upon melting. From the evolution of optical properties with temperature, an optical measurement to acquire the melting point by ellipsometry was presented. From first principles calculation, we show that the local structure difference in solid and liquid is responsible for this difference in the optical properties observed in experiment.

Zhang, D. X.; Shen, B.; Zheng, Y. X.; Wang, S. Y.; Zhang, J. B.; Yang, S. D.; Zhang, R. J.; Chen, L. Y.; Wang, C. Z.; Ho, K. M.

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

262

Tin-117m-labeled stannic (Sn/sup 4 +/) chelate of diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) for application in diagnosis and therapy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The radiopharmaceutical reagents of this invention and the class of Tin-117m radiopharmaceuticals are therapeutic and diagnostic agents that incorporate gamma-emitting nuclides that localize in bone after intravenous injection in mammals (mice, rats, dogs, and rabbits). Images reflecting bone structure or function can then be obtained by a scintillation camera that detects the distribution of ionizing radiation emitted by the radioactive agent. Tin-117m-labeled chelates of stannic tin localize almost exclusively in cortical bone. Upon intravenous injection of the reagent, the preferred chelates are phosphonate compounds, preferable, PYP, MDP, EHDP, and DTPA. This class of reagents is therapeutically and diagnostically useful in skeletal scintigraphy and for the radiotherapy of bone tumors and other disorders.

Srivastava, S.C.; Meinken, G.E.; Richards, P.

1983-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

263

NAME: STUDENT NUMBER (PID): CITY, STATE ZIP: DAYTIME PHONE NUMBER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NAME: STUDENT NUMBER (PID): ADDRESS: CITY, STATE ZIP: DAYTIME PHONE NUMBER: CELL PHONE NUMBER of financial institution. 14 Cell Phone Expenses 15 Other ordinary and necessary living expenses. 16 TOTAL (add

264

Number | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico:CommunityNorthwest Basin andNsbowde's blog HomeNumber"

265

Portable Source Identification Device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is the primary enforcement agency protecting the nations ports of entry. CBP is enhancing its capability to interdict the illicit import of nuclear and radiological materials and devices that may be used by terrorists. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is providing scientific and technical support to CBP in their goal to enable rapid deployment of nuclear and radiation detection systems at U. S. ports of entry to monitor 100% of the incoming international traffic and cargo while not adversely impacting the operations or throughput of the ports. As the deployment of radiation detection systems proceeds, there is a need to adapt the baseline radiation portal monitor (RPM) system technology to operations at these diverse ports of entry. When screening produces an alarm in the primary inspection RPM, the alarming vehicle is removed from the flow of commerce and the alarm is typically confirmed in a secondary inspection RPM. The portable source identification device (PSID) is a radiation sensor panel (RSP), based on thallium-doped sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) scintillation detector and gamma spectroscopic analysis hardware and software, mounted on a scissor lift on a small truck. The lift supports a box containing a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) sodium iodide detector that provides real-time isotopic identification, including neutron detectors to interdict Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) and radiation dispersion devices (RDD). The scissor lift will lower the detectors to within a foot off the ground and raise them to approximately 24 feet in the air, allowing a wide vertical scanning range.

Andersen, Eric S.; Samuel, Todd J.; Gervais, Kevin L.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

PILOT_PROTEIN: Identification of Unmodified and Modified Proteins via High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry and Mixed-Integer Linear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

accuracy with a lower false positive rate. All materials are freely available to the scientific community and protein identification and can help reduce the number of false positive resulPILOT_PROTEIN: Identification of Unmodified and Modified Proteins via High-Resolution Mass

Shorter, James

267

Grant Application Package CFDA Number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grant Application Package CFDA Number: Opportunity Title: Offering Agency: Agency Contact: Opportunity Open Date: Opportunity Close Date: CFDA Description: Opportunity Number: Competition ID

Talley, Lynne D.

268

Identification of telomerase in dog  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the telomeres from diminishing during replication and ensures immortality to the cancerous cell. As the result, telomerase can be used as an identification test for malignant tissues. In humans, even though important, there are may other ways to determine...

Lyuksyutova, Anna

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

269

CONSULTANT REPORT IDENTIFICATION OF LOWIMPACT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSULTANT REPORT IDENTIFICATION OF LOWIMPACT INTERCONNECTION SITES FOR WHOLESALE electric power sources strains existing processes to safely interconnect wholesale distributed resources for wholesale photovoltaic systems on the grid. The model, which integrates transmission and distribution

270
271

Pileup Per Particle Identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new method for pileup mitigation by implementing "pileup per particle identification" (PUPPI). For each particle we first define a local shape $\\alpha$ which probes the collinear versus soft diffuse structure in the neighborhood of the particle. The former is indicative of particles originating from the hard scatter and the latter of particles originating from pileup interactions. The distribution of $\\alpha$ for charged pileup, assumed as a proxy for all pileup, is used on an event-by-event basis to calculate a weight for each particle. The weights describe the degree to which particles are pileup-like and are used to rescale their four-momenta, superseding the need for jet-based corrections. Furthermore, the algorithm flexibly allows combination with other, possibly experimental, probabilistic information associated with particles such as vertexing and timing performance. We demonstrate the algorithm improves over existing methods by looking at jet $p_T$ and jet mass. We also find an improvement on non-jet quantities like missing transverse energy.

Daniele Bertolini; Philip Harris; Matthew Low; Nhan Tran

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

272

Low-temperature beam-induced deposition of thin tin films H. 0. Funsten,a)J. W. Boring, and R. E. Johnson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nuclear energy deposition. Residual films are analyzed ex situ by scanningelectron microscopy, mechanicalLow-temperature beam-induced deposition of thin tin films H. 0. Funsten,a)J. W. Boring, and R. E K) BID in which the condensationrate of the precursor gas is well controlled. The residual metallic

Johnson, Robert E.

273

Growth and Properties of (001)-oriented Pb(Zr?.??Ti?.??)O?/LaNiO? Films on Si(001) Substrates with TiN Buffer Layers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pulsed laser deposition has been used to grow Pb(Zr?.??Ti?.??)O? (PZT)/LaNiO? (LNO) heterostructures with restricted crystallographic orientations on bare Si(001) and SiO?-coated Si(001) substrates, using TiN buffer layers. ...

Zhu, Tie-Jun

274

Characterization of TiN, TiC and TiCN coatings on Ti50.6 at.% Ni alloy deposited by PIII and deposition technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

high content of nickel [1]. In addition, its wear resistance is expected to be improved by transition-metal as nitride, carbide and carbonitride, respectively. Based on the electrochemical measurement and ion carbides and nitrides coatings at a rather broad composition range, such as TiN, TiC and TiC1-xNx (0b?b1

Zheng, Yufeng

275

formation of the main deposit. At lower current densities, it is possible to deposit only this extremely thin tin film: it is 5 nm thick  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Whereas the 200-nm copper and 300-nm tin films in Fig. 4 have a thickness close to that predicted. We propose the following mechan- istic explanation of this effect. First, in thin cells problems of Li rechargeable batteries. Indeed, cycling efficiency of Li batteries is drastically reduced

Stocker, Thomas

276

Mass and charge identification of fragments detected with the Chimera Silicon-CsI(Tl) telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mass and charge identification of charged products detected with Silicon-CsI(Tl) telescopes of the Chimera apparatus is presented. An identification function, based on the Bethe-Bloch formula, is used to fit empirical correlation between Delta E and E ADC readings, in order to determine, event by event, the atomic and mass numbers of the detected charged reaction products prior to energy calibration.

N. Le Neindre; for REVERSE collaboration

2001-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

277

The identification of mathematically gifted black students: an alternative approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Curriculum and Instruction THE IDENTIFICATION OF MATHEMATICALLY GIFTED BLACK STUDENTS: AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH A Thesis by MARGARET RUTH PETTEY HOBSON Approved as to style and content by: Clarenc J... CONCLUSIONS, LIMITATIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS Summary Results Limitations Implications and Recommendations. 38 38 43 44 REFERENCES. APPENDIX A. 47 51 APPENDIX B. VITA. 61 69 LIST OP TABLES TABLE 1 Number of Algebra and Geometry Courses Taken...

Hobson, Margaret Ruth Pettey

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

In Silico Identification Software (ISIS): A Machine Learning...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Silico Identification Software (ISIS): A Machine Learning Approach to Tandem Mass Spectral Identification of Lipids. In Silico Identification Software (ISIS): A Machine Learning...

279

The concrete theory of numbers: initial numbers and wonderful properties of numbers repunit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work initial numbers and repunit numbers have been studied. All numbers have been considered in a decimal notation. The problem of simplicity of initial numbers has been studied. Interesting properties of numbers repunit are proved: $gcd(R_a, R_b) = R_{gcd(a,b)}$; $R_{ab}/(R_aR_b)$ is an integer only if $gcd(a,b) = 1$, where $a\\geq1$, $b\\geq1$ are integers. Dividers of numbers repunit, are researched by a degree of prime number.

Boris V. Tarasov

2007-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

280

Low-cost electrochemical treatment of indium tin oxide anodes for high-efficiency organic light-emitting diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate a simple low-cost approach as an alternative to conventional O{sub 2} plasma treatment to modify the surface of indium tin oxide (ITO) anodes for use in organic light-emitting diodes. ITO is functionalized with F{sup ?} ions by electrochemical treatment in dilute hydrofluoric acid. An electrode with a work function of 5.2?eV is achieved following fluorination. Using this electrode, a maximum external quantum efficiency of 26.0% (91?cd/A, 102?lm/W) is obtained, which is 12% higher than that of a device using the O{sub 2} plasma-treated ITO. Fluorination also increases the transparency in the near-infrared region.

Hui Cheng, Chuan, E-mail: chengchuanhui@dlut.edu.cn; Shan Liang, Ze; Gang Wang, Li; Dong Gao, Guo; Zhou, Ting; Ming Bian, Ji; Min Luo, Ying [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Tong Du, Guo, E-mail: dugt@dlut.edu.cn [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Efficient Polymer Solar Cells Fabricated on Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):Poly(styrenesulfonate)-Etched Old Indium Tin Oxide Substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In organic electronic devices, indium tin oxide (ITO) and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) are the most common transparent electrode and anodic buffer layer materials, respectively. A widespread concern is that PEDOT:PSS is acidic and etches ITO. We show that this issue is not serious: only a few nanometers of ITO are etched in typical device processing conditions and storage thereafter; conductivity losses are affordable; and optical transmission gains further offset these losses. Organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices fabricated on old ITO (with PEDOT:PSS history) were similar or higher in efficiency than devices on fresh ITO. Poly[[4,8-bis[(2-ethylhexyl)oxy]benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b?]dithiophene-2,6-diyl][3-fluoro-2-[(2-ethylhexyl)carbonyl]thieno[3,4-b]thiophenediyl

Elshobaki, Moneim [Mansoura University; Anderegg, James [Ames Laboratory; Chaudhary, Sumit [Ames Laboratory

2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

282

Investigation of charge compensation in indium-doped tin dioxide by hydrogen insertion via annealing under humid conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The behavior of hydrogen (H) as an impurity in indium (In)-doped tin dioxide (SnO{sub 2}) was investigated by mass spectrometry analyses, with the aim of understanding the charge compensation mechanism in SnO{sub 2}. The H-concentration of the In-doped SnO{sub 2} films increased to (12)??10{sup 19}?cm{sup ?3} by annealing in a humid atmosphere (WET annealing). The electron concentration in the films also increased after WET annealing but was two orders of magnitude less than their H-concentrations. A self-compensation mechanism, based on the assumption that H sits at substitutional sites, is proposed to explain the mismatch between the electron- and H-concentrations.

Watanabe, Ken, E-mail: Watanabe.Ken@nims.go.jp [National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); International Center for Young Scientists (ICYS-MANA), NIMS, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Ohsawa, Takeo; Ross, Emily M., E-mail: emross@hmc.edu; Adachi, Yutaka; Haneda, Hajime [National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Sakaguchi, Isao; Takahashi, Ryosuke [National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Department of Applied Science for Electronics and Materials, Kyushu University, 6-1 Kasuga-kouen Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan); Bierwagen, Oliver, E-mail: bierwagen@pdi-berlin.de [Paul-Drude-Institute, Hausvogteiplatz 5-7, 10117 Berlin (Germany); Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); White, Mark E.; Tsai, Min-Ying; Speck, James S., E-mail: speck@ucsb.edu [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Ohashi, Naoki, E-mail: Ohashi.Naoki@nims.go.jp [National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Department of Applied Science for Electronics and Materials, Kyushu University, 6-1 Kasuga-kouen Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan); Materials Research Center for Element Strategy (MCES), Mailbox S2-13, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-0026 (Japan)

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

283

Enhancement in light emission and electrical efficiencies of a silicon nanocrystal light-emitting diode by indium tin oxide nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report an enhancement in light emission and electrical efficiencies of a Si nanocrystal (NC) light-emitting diode (LED) by employing indium tin oxide (ITO) nanowires (NWs). The formed ITO NWs (diameter?

Huh, Chul, E-mail: chuh@etri.re.kr; Kim, Bong Kyu; Ahn, Chang-Geun; Kim, Sang-Hyeob [IT Convergence Technology Research Laboratory, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, Daejeon 305-350 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Chel-Jong [Department of BIN Fusion Technology, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

284

Concealed identification symbols and nondestructive determination of the identification symbols  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The concealing of one or more identification symbols into a target object and the subsequent determination or reading of such symbols through non-destructive testing is described. The symbols can be concealed in a manner so that they are not visible to the human eye and/or cannot be readily revealed to the human eye without damage or destruction of the target object. The identification symbols can be determined after concealment by e.g., the compilation of multiple X-ray images. As such, the present invention can also provide e.g., a deterrent to theft and the recovery of lost or stolen objects.

Nance, Thomas A.; Gibbs, Kenneth M.

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

285

Data Compression with Prime Numbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A compression algorithm is presented that uses the set of prime numbers. Sequences of numbers are correlated with the prime numbers, and labeled with the integers. The algorithm can be iterated on data sets, generating factors of doubles on the compression.

Gordon Chalmers

2005-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

286

Parameters Identification for Motorcycle Simulator's Platform Characterization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parameters Identification for Motorcycle Simulator's Platform Characterization L. Nehaoua H modeling and parameters identification of a motorcycle simulator's platform. This model begins with some (cars and motorcycles) is possible by taking in care some characteristics of land vehicles. Indeed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

287

SECURING RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION (RFID)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

business process for an organization; as a result, the security risks for RFID systems and the controls for an organization; as a result, the security risks for RFID systems and the controls available to address themMay 2007 SECURING RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION (RFID) SYSTEMS SECURING RADIO FREQUENCY

288

Compendium of Experimental Cetane Numbers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is an updated version of the 2004 Compendium of Experimental Cetane Number Data and presents a compilation of measured cetane numbers for pure chemical compounds. It includes all available single compound cetane number data found in the scientific literature up until March 2014 as well as a number of unpublished values, most measured over the past decade at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. This Compendium contains cetane values for 389 pure compounds, including 189 hydrocarbons and 201 oxygenates. More than 250 individual measurements are new to this version of the Compendium. For many compounds, numerous measurements are included, often collected by different researchers using different methods. Cetane number is a relative ranking of a fuel's autoignition characteristics for use in compression ignition engines; it is based on the amount of time between fuel injection and ignition, also known as ignition delay. The cetane number is typically measured either in a single-cylinder engine or a constant volume combustion chamber. Values in the previous Compendium derived from octane numbers have been removed, and replaced with a brief analysis of the correlation between cetane numbers and octane numbers. The discussion on the accuracy and precision of the most commonly used methods for measuring cetane has been expanded and the data has been annotated extensively to provide additional information that will help the reader judge the relative reliability of individual results.

Yanowitz, J.; Ratcliff, M. A.; McCormick, R. L.; Taylor, J. D.; Murphy, M. J.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Number  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545*.MSE Cores" _ ,' ,:.'' , /v-i 2 -i 3

290

Stochastic modeling of sunshine number data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we will present a unified statistical modeling framework for estimation and forecasting sunshine number (SSN) data. Sunshine number has been proposed earlier to describe sunshine time series in qualitative terms (Theor Appl Climatol 72 (2002) 127-136) and since then, it was shown to be useful not only for theoretical purposes but also for practical considerations, e.g. those related to the development of photovoltaic energy production. Statistical modeling and prediction of SSN as a binary time series has been challenging problem, however. Our statistical model for SSN time series is based on an underlying stochastic process formulation of Markov chain type. We will show how its transition probabilities can be efficiently estimated within logistic regression framework. In fact, our logistic Markovian model can be relatively easily fitted via maximum likelihood approach. This is optimal in many respects and it also enables us to use formalized statistical inference theory to obtain not only the point estimates of transition probabilities and their functions of interest, but also related uncertainties, as well as to test of various hypotheses of practical interest, etc. It is straightforward to deal with non-homogeneous transition probabilities in this framework. Very importantly from both physical and practical points of view, logistic Markov model class allows us to test hypotheses about how SSN dependents on various external covariates (e.g. elevation angle, solar time, etc.) and about details of the dynamic model (order and functional shape of the Markov kernel, etc.). Therefore, using generalized additive model approach (GAM), we can fit and compare models of various complexity which insist on keeping physical interpretation of the statistical model and its parts. After introducing the Markovian model and general approach for identification of its parameters, we will illustrate its use and performance on high resolution SSN data from the Solar Radiation Monitoring Station of the West University of Timisoara.

Brabec, Marek, E-mail: mbrabec@cs.cas.cz [Department of Nonlinear Modeling, Institute of Computer Science, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Pod Vodarenskou vezi 2, 182 07 Prague 8 (Czech Republic); Paulescu, Marius [Physics Department, West University of Timisoara, V. Parvan 4, 300223 Timisoara (Romania); Badescu, Viorel [Candida Oancea Institute, Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Spl. Independentei 313, 060042 Bucharest (Romania)

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

291

Strong Sulfur Binding with Conducting Magneli-Phase TinO2n-1 Nanomaterials for Improving Lithium-Sulfur Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will go through a series of soluble intermediate higher-order polysulfides (Li2S8, Li2S6, and Li2S4 of Li2S2, Li2S, and sulfur.6-8 In order to solve these challenges, there have been recent developmentsStrong Sulfur Binding with Conducting Magneli-Phase TinO2n-1 Nanomaterials for Improving Lithium-Sulfur

Cui, Yi

292

Deposition of TiN and HfO{sub 2} in a commercial 200 mm remote plasma atomic layer deposition reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors describe a remote plasma atomic layer deposition reactor (Oxford Instruments FlexAL trade mark sign ) that includes an inductively coupled plasma source and a load lock capable of handling substrates up to 200 mm in diameter. The deposition of titanium nitride (TiN) and hafnium oxide (HfO{sub 2}) is described for the combination of the metal-halide precursor TiCl{sub 4} and H{sub 2}-N{sub 2} plasma and the combination of the metallorganic precursor Hf[N(CH{sub 3})(C{sub 2}H{sub 5})]{sub 4} and O{sub 2} plasma, respectively. The influence of the plasma exposure time and substrate temperature has been studied and compositional, structural, and electrical properties are reported. TiN films with a low Cl impurity content were obtained at 350 deg. C at a growth rate of 0.35 A /cycle with an electrical resistivity as low as 150 {mu}{omega} cm. Carbon-free (detection limit <2 at. %) HfO{sub 2} films were obtained at a growth rate of 1.0 A /cycle at 290 deg. C. The thickness and resisitivity nonuniformity was <5% for the TiN and the thickness uniformality was <2% for the HfO{sub 2} films as determined over 200 mm wafers.

Heil, S. B. S.; Hemmen, J. L. van; Hodson, C. J.; Singh, N.; Klootwijk, J. H.; Roozeboom, F.; Sanden, M. C. M. van de; Kessels, W. M. M. [Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); Oxford Instruments Plasma Technology, North End, Yatton BS49 4AP (United Kingdom); Philips Research Laboratories, High Tech Campus 4, 5656 AE Eindhoven (Netherlands); NXP Semiconductors Research, High Tech Campus 4, 5656 AE Eindhoven (Netherlands); Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Lithium intercalation in sputter deposited antimony-doped tin oxide thin films: Evidence from electrochemical and optical measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transparent conducting oxides are used as transparent electrical contacts in a variety of applications, including in electrochromic smart windows. In the present work, we performed a study of transparent conducting antimony-doped tin oxide (ATO) thin films by chronopotentiometry in a Li{sup +}-containing electrolyte. The open circuit potential vs. Li was used to investigate ATO band lineups, such as those of the Fermi level and the ionization potential, as well as the dependence of these lineups on the preparation conditions for ATO. Evidence was found for Li{sup +} intercalation when a current pulse was set in a way so as to drive ions from the electrolyte into the ATO lattice. Galvanostatic intermittent titration was then applied to determine the lithium diffusion coefficient within the ATO lattice. The electrochemical density of states of the conducting oxide was studied by means of the transient voltage recorded during the chronopotentiometry experiments. These measurements were possible because, as Li{sup +} intercalation took place, charge compensating electrons filled the lowest part of the conduction band in ATO. Furthermore, the charge insertion modified the optical properties of ATO according to the Drude model.

Montero, J., E-mail: jose.montero@angstrom.uu.se; Granqvist, C. G.; Niklasson, G. A. [Department of Engineering Sciences, The Angstrm Laboratory, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Guilln, C.; Herrero, J. [Department of Energy, Ciemat, Avda. Complutense 40, Ed. 42, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

294

Indium-tin-oxide-free tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) Al organic light-emitting diodes with 80% enhanced power efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient indium tin oxide (ITO)-free small molecule organic light-emitting diodes (SMOLEDs) with multilayered highly conductive poly(3,4-ethylenedioxy thiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) as the anode are demonstrated. PEDOT:PSS/MoO{sub 3}/N,N'-diphenyl- N,N'-bis(1-naphthylphenyl)-1,1'-biphenyl-4,4'-diamine (NPD)/tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) Al (Alq{sub 3})/4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (BPhen)/LiF/Al SMOLEDs exhibited a peak power efficiency of 3.82 lm/W, 81% higher than that of similar ITO-based SMOLEDs (2.11 lm/W). The improved performance is believed to be due to the higher work function, lower refractive index, and decreased surface roughness of PEDOT:PSS vs ITO, and to Ohmic hole injection from PEDOT:PSS to the NPD layer via the MoO{sub 3} interlayer. The results demonstrate that PEDOT:PSS can substitute ITO in SMOLEDs with strongly improved device performance.

Cai, Min; Xiao, Teng; Liu, Rui; Chen, Ying; Shinar, Ruth; Shinar, Joseph

2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

295

Skyrme-Hartree-Fock Description of the Dipole Strength in Neutron-Rich Tin Isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-energy E1 strength in neutron-rich $^{132-164}$Sn isotopes is analyzed in the framework of the Skyrme random phase approximation (RPA) with different Skyrme forces. A double folding procedure is applied to take into account the energy-dependent width effects beyond RPA. All the considered Skyrme forces indicate a soft prolate deformation in the open shell isotopes $^{142-164}$Sn. The integrated E1 strength in the energy region of the pygmy resonance grows with the neutron number. The influence of deformation on the integrated strength near the particle emission thresholds (which is of a keen astrophysical interest) is strictly suppressed by the mutual compensation effect for the branches of the giant dipole resonance. The results obtained are in a good agreement with the previous findings of the relativistic mean field model.

J. Kvasil; V. O. Nesterenko; W. Kleinig; D. Bozhik; P. -G. Reinhard

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

296

RNG: A Practitioner's Overview Random Number Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RNG: A Practitioner's Overview Random Number Generation A Practitioner's Overview Prof. Michael and Monte Carlo Methods Pseudorandom number generation Types of pseudorandom numbers Properties of these pseudorandom numbers Parallelization of pseudorandom number generators New directions for SPRNG Quasirandom

Mascagni, Michael

297

Motion at low Reynolds number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The work described in this thesis centers on inertialess motion at low Reynolds numbers at the crossroad between biofluids and microfluids. Here we address questions regarding locomotion of micro-swimmers, transport of ...

Tam, Daniel See Wai, 1980-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Departmental Business Instrument Numbering System  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To prescribe procedures for assigning identifying numbers to all Department of Energy (DOE), including the National Nuclear Security Administration, business instruments. Cancels DOE 1331.2B. Canceled by DOE O 540.1A.

2000-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

299

Departmental Business Instrument Numbering System  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order prescribes the procedures for assigning identifying numbers to all Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) business instruments. Cancels DOE O 540.1. Canceled by DOE O 540.1B.

2005-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

300

The Identification and Characterization of Copy Number Variants in the Bovine Genome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within and Flanking CNVs ............................................................. 114 5.4 Hierarchical Clustering of Cattle Using BovineHD SNP Genotypes ......... 116 5.5 Example of CNV that is Not Accurately Imputed by BovineHD SNP Array... .................................................................................................... 111 BovineHD BeadChip CNV Analysis ............................................................ 111 PLINK Analysis .......................................................................................... 112 CNV Imputation by SNPs...

Doan, Ryan

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Voluntary Self-Identification of Disability Form CC-305 OMB Control Number 1250-0005  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism inS-4500IIVasudhaSurface. | EMSLVisualizingwithshattersVoluntary

302

Identification of Hazards, 3/9/95  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The objective of this surveillance is to evaluate the effectiveness of the contractor's hazards identification programs. Surveillance activities encompass maintenance and implementation of safety...

303

Unspecified Journal Volume 00, Number 0, Pages 000000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0000 (copyright holder) 1 #12;2 W.S. CHEUNG, XUHUA LIU AND T.Y. TAM Theorem 1.1. ([9, p.50-51]) Let, BOUNDARY POINTS, AND JOINT NUMERICAL RANGES WAI-SHUN CHEUNG, XUHUA LIU AND TIN-YAU TAM Abstract

Tam, Tin-Yau

304

On rings of structural numbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structural numbers over the set X, and let B(X) have the operations defined above with equality also as before. Theorem I. l. If X is any set, then B(X) is a commutative ring with identity. Proof. The structural number 0 is the additive identity element... with identity g. Definition I. 7. If A, B e S(X) then A'B = (P U q ( p e A, q e B, p Il q = &f and p U q can be formed in an odd number of ways). ~E1 t. 4. L t A = (( . b), (bj. 7 )) 4 B = ((b, c), (b), (a)) be in S(X) for some X. Then AD B = {{b, a), {a...

Powell, Wayne Bruce

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

305

Identification of Learning Disabled Adolescents: A Bayesian Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The identification of learning disabled adolescents for program placement is a major concern of school personnel. The identification model discussed in this article addresses an array of problems associated with identification ...

Alley, Gordon R.; Deshler, Donald D.; Warner, Michael M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

A Method to Increase Current Density in a Mono Element Internal Tin Processed Superconductor Utilizing Zr Oxide to Refine Grain Size  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of Oxygen on (Nb1Zr)3Sn multifilament conductors manufactured by the Mono Element Internal Tin (MEIT) process was explored to improve the current density by refining the grain size. This followed work first done by General Electric on the Nb3Sn tape process. Techniques to fabricate the more difficult Nb1Zr composites are described and allowed fabrication of long lengths of .254 mm diameter wire from an 88.9 mm diameter billet. Oxygen was incorporated through the use of SnO2 mixed with tin powder and incorporated into the core. These were compared to samples with Ti+Sn and Cu+Sn cores. Heat treatments covered the range of 700 C to 1000 C. Current density vs. H, grain size, and reaction percentages are provided for the materials tested. The Oxygen gave superior results in the temperature range of 815-1000 C. It also stabilized the filament geometry of the array in comparison to the other additions at the higher temperatures. At 815 C a peak in layer Jc yielded values of 2537 A/mm2 at 12 T and 1353 A/mm2 at 15T, 8-22% and 30-73% greater respectively than 700 C values. Results with Oxygen at high temperature show the possibility of high speed continuous reaction of the composite versus the current batch or react in place methods. In general the Ti additions gave superior results at the lower reaction temperature. Future work is suggested to determine if the 815 C reaction temperature can lead to higher current density in high tin (Nb1Zr+Ox)3Sn conductors. A second technique incorporated oxygen directly into the Nb1Zr rods through heat treatment with Nb2O5 at 1100 C for 100 hours in vacuum prior to extrusion. The majority of the filaments reduced properly in the composite but some local variations in hardness led to breakage at smaller diameters.

Bruce A. Zeitlin, Eric Gregory

2008-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

307

Expert system for identification of simultaneous and sequential reactor fuel failures with gas tagging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Failure of a fuel element in a nuclear reactor core is determined by a gas tagging failure detection system and method. Failures are catalogued and characterized after the event so that samples of the reactor's cover gas are taken at regular intervals and analyzed by mass spectroscopy. Employing a first set of systematic heuristic rules which are applied in a transformed node space allows the number of node combinations which must be processed within a barycentric algorithm to be substantially reduced. A second set of heuristic rules treats the tag nodes of the most recent one or two leakers as background'' gases, further reducing the number of trial node combinations. Lastly, a fuzzy'' set theory formalism minimizes experimental uncertainties in the identification of the most likely volumes of tag gases. This approach allows for the identification of virtually any number of sequential leaks and up to five simultaneous gas leaks from fuel elements. 14 figs.

Gross, K.C.

1994-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

308

INVESTIGATION Allele Identification for Transcriptome-Based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVESTIGATION Allele Identification for Transcriptome-Based Population Genomics in the Invasive, and AllelePipe for clustering of loci and allele identification in assembled datasets with or without are now making bulk sequencing of the genome practical for allele discovery in nonmodel and outbred study

Rieseberg, Loren

309

Khi i hc k thut thng tin (Undergraduateds School of IES) http://www.uec.ac.jp/ies/faculty/index.html (Jpns)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lng Lng t hc Vt liu hc Cht bán dn - Siêu bán dn Thit b in t - Thit b quang in t - T - Vt liu quang Thông tin quang Vt lý rn Sinh hc - Thn kinh hc H thng sinh hc o lng sinh hc Tên thng qun lý doanh nghip... nh hng ngh nghip: K s h thng, K s qun lý sn xut - cht lng sn phm, Chuyên

Yanai, Keiji

310

Preparation, characterization and applications of novel carbon and nitrogen codoped TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles from annealing TiN under CO atmosphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Carbon and nitrogen codoped TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles were firstly fabricated by calcining TiN powder under CO atmosphere at different temperatures between 400 and 600 C, both the improved photocatalytic activity for degradation of methylene blue and enhanced photovoltaic performance for dye sensitized solar cells were demonstrated. - Highlights: CN-codoped TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles were prepared by calcining TiN under CO atmosphere. More visible light response was confirmed by UVvis DRS and photocatalytic results. Enhanced conversion efficiency was observed for the DSSCs from CN-TiO{sub 2} photoanode. CN-codoping played an important role to improve the photocatalytic performance. - Abstract: Carbon and nitrogen codoped titania (CN-TiO{sub 2}) nanoparticles were fabricated by calcining titanium nitride (TiN) nanoparticles under carbon monoxide (CO) atmosphere at four different temperatures in a range of 400600 C. The as-prepared samples were characterized with X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Enhanced light absorption in both the UV and visible light region was observed for the resulted CN-TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles in ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UVvis DRS). Improved photocatalytic activity toward the degradation of methylene blue by the CN-TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles was demonstrated under UV and visible light, respectively. The highest degradation rate was achieved for CN-TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles (13%) compared to N-TiO{sub 2} (10%) and the commercial P25 (5%) under visible light illumination for 40 min. Furthermore, the improved photocatalytic activity of CN-TiO{sub 2} was also confirmed by the degradation of colorless resorcinol under UVvis light irradiation. Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were fabricated using P25, N-TiO{sub 2} and CN-TiO{sub 2} photoanodes, respectively. The highest conversion efficiency of 3.31% was achieved by the DSSCs based on the CN-TiO{sub 2} photoanodes in comparison with the commercial P25 (1.61%) and N-TiO{sub 2} (2.44%) photoanodes. This work demonstrates that thermal treatment of TiN nanoparticles under CO atmosphere has shown to be a rapid, direct and clean approach to synthesize photocatalysts with enhanced photocatalytic and photovoltaic performance.

Sun, Mingxuan; Song, Peng; Li, Jing; Cui, Xiaoli, E-mail: xiaolicui@fudan.edu.cn

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

animal identification systems: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the performance of the new algorithm1 . I. Introduction Blind identification Reilly, James P. 178 Fuzzy membership function optimization for system identification using an...

312

aerosol source identification: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the performance of the new algorithm1 . I. Introduction Blind identification Reilly, James P. 60 Mid-Infrared Identification of Faint Submillimeter Sources Astrophysics...

313

STEPS: A Grid Search Methodology for Optimized Peptide Identification...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Grid Search Methodology for Optimized Peptide Identification Filtering of MSMS Database Search Results. STEPS: A Grid Search Methodology for Optimized Peptide Identification...

314

System identification for robust control design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

System identification for the purpose of robust control design involves estimating a nominal model of a physical system and the uncertainty bounds of that nominal model via the use of experimentally measured input/output data. Although many algorithms have been developed to identify nominal models, little effort has been directed towards identifying uncertainty bounds. Therefore, in this document, a discussion of both nominal model identification and bounded output multiplicative uncertainty identification will be presented. This document is divided into several sections. Background information relevant to system identification and control design will be presented. A derivation of eigensystem realization type algorithms will be presented. An algorithm will be developed for calculating the maximum singular value of output multiplicative uncertainty from measured data. An application will be given involving the identification of a complex system with aliased dynamics, feedback control, and exogenous noise disturbances. And, finally, a short discussion of results will be presented.

Dohner, J.L.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Arkansas Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved Reserves (Billion CubicCubic Feet)YearIndustrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

316

Kentucky Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 6330 0 14 15Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

317

Connecticut Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 633 622 56623 4623 42 180NumberDecadeCommercial

318

Identification of process suitable diluent  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Sigma Team for Minor Actinide Separation (STMAS) was formed within the USDOE Fuel Cycle Research and Development (FCRD) program in order to develop more efficient methods for the separation of americium and other minor actinides (MA) from used nuclear fuel. The development of processes for MA separations is driven by the potential benefits; reduced long-term radiotoxicty of waste placed in a geologic repository, reduced timeframe of waste storage, reduced repository heat load, the possibility of increased repository capacity, and increased utilization of energy potential of used nuclear fuel. The research conducted within the STMAS framework is focused upon the realization of significant simplifications to aqueous recycle processes proposed for MA separations. This report describes the research efforts focused upon the identification of a process suitable diluent for a flowsheet concept for the separation of MA which is based upon the dithiophosphinic acid (DPAH) extractants previously developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL).

Dean R. Peterman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Effect of oxidizer on grain size and low temperature DC electrical conductivity of tin oxide nanomaterial synthesized by gel combustion method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanocrystalline Tin oxide material with different grain size was synthesized using gel combustion method by varying the fuel (C{sub 6}H{sub 8}O{sub 7}) to oxidizer (HNO{sub 3}) molar ratio by keeping the amount of fuel as constant. The prepared samples were characterized by using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Energy Dispersive Analysis X-ray Spectroscopy (EDAX). The effect of fuel to oxidizer molar ratio in the gel combustion method was investigated by inspecting the grain size of nano SnO{sub 2} powder. The grain size was found to be reduced with the amount of oxidizer increases from 0 to 6 moles in the step of 2. The X-ray diffraction patterns of the calcined product showed the formation of high purity tetragonal tin (IV) oxide with the grain size in the range of 12 to 31 nm which was calculated by Scherer's formula. Molar ratio and temperature dependence of DC electrical conductivity of SnO{sub 2} nanomaterial was studied using Keithley source meter. DC electrical conductivity of SnO{sub 2} nanomaterial increases with the temperature from 80K to 300K. From the study it was observed that the DC electrical conductivity of SnO{sub 2} nanomaterial decreases with the grain size at constant temperature.

Rajeeva, M. P., E-mail: jayanna60@gmail.com; Jayanna, H. S., E-mail: jayanna60@gmail.com; Ashok, R. L.; Naveen, C. S. [Department of P.G. Studies and Research in Physics, Kuvempu University, Jnanasahyadri, Shankarghatta, Shimoga- 577451, Karnataka (India); Bothla, V. Prasad [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560012 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

320

Delaware Transportation Infrastructure Forum Problem Identification Statements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2013 Delaware Transportation Infrastructure Forum Problem Identification Statements Sponsored by The Delaware Center for Transportation and the Delaware Department of Transportation Delaware Center for Transportation Your main resource for transportation education and research Identifying Important Issues Related

Firestone, Jeremy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Identification and control of a flexible structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the identification and vibration ics. control of a cantilevered beam with piezoelectric material as actuators and sensors. The Euler-Bernoulli beam equation is used and gravity contribution to the stiffness matrix is included...

Huang, Haiming

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Ethnic identification among blacks and whites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two central questions drive this research: (1) Are there trends in ethnic identification among blacks and whites; and (2) Are there meaningful differences between groups that identify differently? I use descriptive and regression analysis...

Glass, Teresa Gail

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Feature identification framework and applications (FIFA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

collections that provides a general framework for applications while allowing decisions about the details of document representation and features identification to be deferred to domain specific implementations of that framework. These deferred decisions...

Audenaert, Michael Neal

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

324

Radio Frequency Identification : regulating information privacy protection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As applications of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) become more profuse, the technology itself is stirring up some controversy. Due to its potential for amassing large amounts of information about both people and ...

Laufer, Deanna (Deanna Raquel)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Security approaches for Radio Frequency Identification systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I explore the challenges related to the security of the Electronic Product Code (EPC) class of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags and associated data. RFID systems can be used to improve supply chain ...

Foley, Joseph Timothy, 1976-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Device Independent Random Number Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Randomness is an invaluable resource in today's life with a broad use reaching from numerical simulations through randomized algorithms to cryptography. However, on the classical level no true randomness is available and even the use of simple quantum devices in a prepare-measure setting suffers from lack of stability and controllability. This gave rise to a group of quantum protocols that provide randomness certified by classical statistical tests -- Device Independent Quantum Random Number Generators. In this paper we review the most relevant results in this field, which allow the production of almost perfect randomness with help of quantum devices, supplemented with an arbitrary weak source of additional randomness. This is in fact the best one could hope for to achieve, as with no starting randomness (corresponding to no free will in a different concept) even a quantum world would have a fully deterministic description.

Mataj Pivoluska; Martin Plesch

2015-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

327

Particle Number & Particulate Mass Emissions Measurements on...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Number & Particulate Mass Emissions Measurements on a 'Euro VI' Heavy-duty Engine using the PMP Methodologies Particle Number & Particulate Mass Emissions Measurements on a 'Euro...

328

Nonlinear system identification using the MRAS technique and hyperstability concepts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is presented. The algorithm is theoretically derived and proved hyperstable by extension of previous linear, hyperstabie response error MRAS identification techniques. Generalization and unification of pre- vious empirical nonlinear identification... Identification - Application of Hyperstability An important MRAS identification approach is known as "parallel MRAS" or response error (RE), Fig. 4. This method of identification was developed by Landau [17-18], Hang [15-16], and Johnson [19...

Schatte, Alvin Robert

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

ISSN 0957-4484 NANOTECHNOLOGYVolume 20 Number 18 6 may 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emitting diodes (LEDs) [13]. Recently, one-dimensional (1D) tin dioxide nanostructures have attracted dioxide has been used widely as transparent conductors in dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) and in light

330

Nanoscale Electrical Conductivity and Surface Spectroscopic Studies of Indium-Tin Oxide Yish-Hann Liau and Norbert F. Scherer*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

enabled the Electronic and optoelectronic devices impact many areas of society, from simple household and optoelectronic devices OCTOBER 2006 | VOLUME 9 | NUMBER 1018 #12;creation of a host of structures with modulated

Scherer, Norbert F.

331

PROBABILISTIC SITE IDENTIFICATION ANALYSIS USING NUPEC RECORDED FREE FIELD MOTIONS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

THIS PAPER DESCRIBES A PROBABILISTIC SITE IDENTIFICATION ANALYSIS PERFORMED BY BNL, USING THE FREE FIELD EARTHQUAKE MOTIONS RECORDED AT THE NUPEC TEST SITE. THE BNL ANALYSIS WAS INTENDED TO PROVIDE ADEQUATE CHARACTERIZATION OF THE SOIL PROPERTIES FOR THE TEST SITE TO BE USED FOR SSI ANALYSES. THE FREE FIELD DATA WERE PROVIDED BY NUPEC. THE METHODOLOGY EMPLOYED IN THE BNL PROBABILISTIC ANALYSIS OF SITE IDENTIFICATION INCLUDES THE MONTE CARLO PROCESS IN CONJUNCTION WITH EQUIVALENT LINEARCONVOLUTION ANALYSES FOR GENERATING A LARGE NUMBER OF SITE PROFILES FOR USE IN CONVOLUTION STUDIES FROM WHICH MEAN ESTIMATES OF RESPONSE CAN BE GENERATED. THE RANDOM VARIABLE SELECTED TO CHARACTERIZE THE SITE PROFILE IS THE SHEAR WAVE VELOCITY IN EACH SOIL LAYER OF THE SITE PROFILE. A LOGNORMAL DISTRIBUTION WAS ASSUMED WITH THE STANDARD DEVIATION DETERMINED FROM AVAILABLE SITE DATA AND APPLICABLE REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS. THE CONVOLUTION ANALYSES WERE PERFORMED USING AN APPROPRIATE SOILDEGRADATION MODEL AN D THE OUTCROP INPUT MOTIONS GENERATED FROM THE RECORDED IN ROCK MOTIONS. THE BNL ANALYSIS PRODUCED RESULTS IN TERMS OF THE MEAN, MEDIAN AND VARIOUS FRACTILES OF FREE FIELD SOIL PROPERTIES AT THE TEST SITE, AND THE CORRESPONDING SURFACE RESPONSE SPECTRA, WHICH ARE PRESENTED IN THIS PAPER.

XU,J.; COSTANTINO,C.; HOFMAYER,C.; MURPHY,A.; KITADA,Y.

2002-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

332

HOM identification by bead pulling in the Brookhaven ERL cavity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several past measurements of the Brookhaven ERL at superconducting temperature produced a long list of higher order modes (HOMs). The Niobium 5-cell cavity is terminated with HOM ferrite dampers that successfully reduce the Q-factors to tolerable levels. However, a number of undamped resonances with Q {ge} 10{sup 6} were found at 4 K and their mode identification remained as a goal for this paper. The approach taken here consists in taking different S{sub 21} measurements on a copper cavity replica of the ERL which can be compared with the actual data and also with Microwave Studio computer simulations. Several different S{sub 21} transmission measurements are used, including those taken from the fundamental input coupler to the pick-up probe across the cavity, between probes in a single cell, and between beam-position monitor probes in the beam tubes. Mode identification is supported by bead pulling with a metallic needle or a dielectric sphere that are calibrated in the fundamental mode. This paper presents results for HOMs in the first two dipole bands with the prototypical 958 MHz trapped mode, the lowest beam tube resonances, and high-Q modes in the first quadrupole band and beyond.

Hahn H.; Calaga, R.; Jain, P.; Johnson, E.C.; Xu, W.

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

333

Basophile: Accurate Fragment Charge State Prediction Improves Peptide Identification Rates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In shotgun proteomics, database search algorithms rely on fragmentation models to predict fragment ions that should be observed for a given peptide sequence. The most widely used strategy (Naive model) is oversimplified, cleaving all peptide bonds with equal probability to produce fragments of all charges below that of the precursor ion. More accurate models, based on fragmentation simulation, are too computationally intensive for on-the-fly use in database search algorithms. We have created an ordinal-regression-based model called Basophile that takes fragment size and basic residue distribution into account when determining the charge retention during CID/higher-energy collision induced dissociation (HCD) of charged peptides. This model improves the accuracy of predictions by reducing the number of unnecessary fragments that are routinely predicted for highly-charged precursors. Basophile increased the identification rates by 26% (on average) over the Naive model, when analyzing triply-charged precursors from ion trap data. Basophile achieves simplicity and speed by solving the prediction problem with an ordinal regression equation, which can be incorporated into any database search software for shotgun proteomic identification.

Wang, Dong; Dasari, Surendra; Chambers, Matthew C.; Holman, Jerry D.; Chen, Kan; Liebler, Daniel; Orton, Daniel J.; Purvine, Samuel O.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Chung, Chang Y.; Rose, Kristie L.; Tabb, David L.

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

334

INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY IDENTIFICATION, DEVELOPMENT, DEMONSTRATION, DEPLOYMENT AND EXCHANGE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cooperative Agreement (DE-FC21-95EW55101) between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Florida State University's Institute for International Cooperative Environmental Research (IICER) was designed to facilitate a number of joint programmatic goals of both the DOE and the IICER related to international technology identification, development, demonstration and deployment using a variety of mechanisms to accomplish these goals. These mechanisms included: laboratory and field research; technology demonstrations; international training and technical exchanges; data collection, synthesis and evaluation; the conduct of conferences, symposia and high-level meetings; and other appropriate and effective approaches. The DOE utilized the expertise and facilities of the IICER at Florida State University to accomplish its goals related to this cooperative agreement. The IICER has unique and demonstrated capabilities that have been utilized to conduct the tasks for this cooperative agreement. The IICER conducted activities related to technology identification, development, evaluation, demonstration and deployment through its joint centers which link the capabilities at Florida State University with collaborating academic and leading research institutions in the major countries of Central and Eastern Europe (e.g., Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland) and Russia. The activities and accomplishments for this five-year cooperative agreement are summarized in this Final Technical Report.

Roy C. Herndon

2001-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

335

Snapshot Identification of Gamma Ray Burst Optical Afterglows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma ray burst afterglows can be identified in single epoch observations using three or more optical filters. This method relies on color measurements to distinguish the power law spectrum of an afterglow from the curved spectra of stars. Observations in a fourth filter will further distinguish between afterglows and most galaxies up to redshifts z ~ 1. Many afterglows can also be identified with fewer filters using ultraviolet excess, infrared excess, or Lyman break techniques. By allowing faster identification of gamma ray burst afterglows, these color methods will increase the fraction of bursts for which optical spectroscopy and other narrow-field observations can be obtained. Because quasar colors can match those of afterglows, the maximum error box size where an unambiguous identification can be expected is set by the flux limit of the afterglow search and the quasar number-flux relation. For currently typical error boxes (10 -- 100 square arcminutes), little contamination is expected at magnitudes R < 21.5 +- 0.5. Archival data demonstrates that the afterglow of GRB 000301C could have been identified using this method. In addition to finding gamma ray burst counterparts, this method will have applications in ``orphan afterglow'' searches used to constrain gamma ray burst collimation.

James E. Rhoads

2001-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

336

MATH BATTLE Problem 1 A thin rectangular piece of tin is 26 inches long and 21 inches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this sequence. Problem 6 A biologist wants to calculate the number of fish in a lake. On May 1 she catches a random sample of 60 fish, tags them, and releases them. On September 1 she catches a random sample of 70 fish and finds that 3 of them are tagged. To calculate the number of fish in the lake on May 1, she

Bigelow, Stephen

337

A Fluorescent Aerogel for Capture and Identification of Interplanetary and Interstellar Dust  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contemporary interstellar dust has never been analyzed in the laboratory, despite its obvious astronomical importance and its potential as a probe of stellar nucleosynthesis and galactic chemical evolution. Here we report the discovery of a novel fluorescent aerogel which is capable of capturing hypervelocity dust grains and passively recording their kinetic energies. An array of these "calorimetric" aerogel collectors in low earth orbit would lead to the capture and identification of large numbers of interstellar dust grains.

Gerardo Dominguez; Andrew J. Westphal; Mark L. F. Phillips; Steven M. Jones

2003-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

338

Texas Rice, Volume IV, Number 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/ gallery.htm University of Georgia IPM Images www.ipmimages.org Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide http://www.ppws.vt.edu/weedindex.htm BASF Weed Guide http://www.agproducts.basf.com/Weedguide/ menu.asp Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants Univ...

339

Verification Challenges at Low Numbers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many papers have dealt with the political difficulties and ramifications of deep nuclear arms reductions, and the issues of Going to Zero. Political issues include extended deterrence, conventional weapons, ballistic missile defense, and regional and geo-political security issues. At each step on the road to low numbers, the verification required to ensure compliance of all parties will increase significantly. Looking post New START, the next step will likely include warhead limits in the neighborhood of 1000 . Further reductions will include stepping stones at1000 warheads, 100s of warheads, and then 10s of warheads before final elimination could be considered of the last few remaining warheads and weapons. This paper will focus on these three threshold reduction levels, 1000, 100s, 10s. For each, the issues and challenges will be discussed, potential solutions will be identified, and the verification technologies and chain of custody measures that address these solutions will be surveyed. It is important to note that many of the issues that need to be addressed have no current solution. In these cases, the paper will explore new or novel technologies that could be applied. These technologies will draw from the research and development that is ongoing throughout the national laboratory complex, and will look at technologies utilized in other areas of industry for their application to arms control verification.

Benz, Jacob M.; Booker, Paul M.; McDonald, Benjamin S.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Particle Identification The particle identification (PID) in BRAHMS is accomplished by a combination of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 7 Particle Identification The particle identification (PID) in BRAHMS is accomplished detectors. This chapter first gives an overview of the PID scheme in the forward and mid­rapidity armsV/c in the angular range 2 ffi ! ` ! 18 ffi , and is the only PID for 18 ffi ! ` ! 35 ffi where the measurements

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Enhancement of hole injection and electroluminescence by ordered Ag nanodot array on indium tin oxide anode in organic light emitting diode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the enhancement of hole injection and electroluminescence (EL) in an organic light emitting diode (OLED) with an ordered Ag nanodot array on indium-tin-oxide (ITO) anode. Until now, most researches have focused on the improved performance of OLEDs by plasmonic effects of metal nanoparticles due to the difficulty in fabricating metal nanodot arrays. A well-ordered Ag nanodot array is fabricated on the ITO anode of OLED using the nanoporous alumina as an evaporation mask. The OLED device with Ag nanodot arrays on the ITO anode shows higher current density and EL enhancement than the one without any nano-structure. These results suggest that the Ag nanodot array with the plasmonic effect has potential as one of attractive approaches to enhance the hole injection and EL in the application of the OLEDs.

Jung, Mi, E-mail: jmnano00@gmail.com, E-mail: Dockha@kist.re.kr [Sensor System Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 136-791 (Korea, Republic of); School of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Kookmin University, Seoul 136-702 (Korea, Republic of); Mo Yoon, Dang; Kim, Miyoung [Korea Printed Electronics Center, Korea Electronics Technology Institute, Jeollabuk-do, 561-844 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Chulki; Lee, Taikjin; Hun Kim, Jae; Lee, Seok; Woo, Deokha, E-mail: jmnano00@gmail.com, E-mail: Dockha@kist.re.kr [Sensor System Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 136-791 (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Si-Hyung [School of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Kookmin University, Seoul 136-702 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

342

X-ray absorption spectroscopy elucidates the impact of structural disorder on electron mobility in amorphous zinc-tin-oxide thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the correlation between the atomic structures of amorphous zinc-tin-oxide (a-ZTO) thin films grown by atomic layer deposition (ALD) and their electronic transport properties. We perform synchrotron-based X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the K-edges of Zn and Sn with varying [Zn]/[Sn] compositions in a-ZTO thin films. In extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) measurements, signal attenuation from higher-order shells confirms the amorphous structure of a-ZTO thin films. Both quantitative EXAFS modeling and X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) reveal that structural disorder around Zn atoms increases with increasing [Sn]. Field- and Hall-effect mobilities are observed to decrease with increasing structural disorder around Zn atoms, suggesting that the degradation in electron mobility may be correlated with structural changes.

Siah, Sin Cheng, E-mail: siahsincheng@gmail.com, E-mail: buonassisi@mit.edu; Lee, Yun Seog; Buonassisi, Tonio, E-mail: siahsincheng@gmail.com, E-mail: buonassisi@mit.edu [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Lee, Sang Woon; Gordon, Roy G. [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Heo, Jaeyeong [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757 (Korea, Republic of); Shibata, Tomohiro; Segre, Carlo U. [Physics Department and CSRRI, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois 606016 (United States)

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

343

Prime number generation and factor elimination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have presented a multivariate polynomial function termed as factor elimination function,by which, we can generate prime numbers. This function's mapping behavior can explain the irregularities in the occurrence of prime numbers on the number line. Generally the different categories of prime numbers found till date, satisfy the form of this function. We present some absolute and probabilistic conditions for the primality of the number generated by this method. This function is capable of leading to highly efficient algorithms for generating prime numbers.

Vineet Kumar

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

344

Grant Title: INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EXPERIENCES FOR STUDENTS AND TEACHERS (ITEST) Funding Opportunity Number: NSF 12-597. CFDA Number(s): 47.076.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Opportunity Number: NSF 12-597. CFDA Number(s): 47.076. Agency/Department: National Science Foundation

Farritor, Shane

345

Grant Title: RESEARCH EXPERIENCES FOR TEACHERS (RET) IN ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER Funding Opportunity Number: NSF 11-509. CFDA Number(s): 47.041.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Opportunity Number: NSF 11-509. CFDA Number(s): 47.041. Agency/Department: National Science Foundation

Farritor, Shane

346

Ordered transport and identification of particles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are provided for application of electrical field gradients to induce particle velocities to enable particle sequence and identification information to be obtained. Particle sequence is maintained by providing electroosmotic flow for an electrolytic solution in a particle transport tube. The transport tube and electrolytic solution are selected to provide an electroosmotic radius of >100 so that a plug flow profile is obtained for the electrolytic solution in the transport tube. Thus, particles are maintained in the same order in which they are introduced in the transport tube. When the particles also have known electrophoretic velocities, the field gradients introduce an electrophoretic velocity component onto the electroosmotic velocity. The time that the particles pass selected locations along the transport tube may then be detected and the electrophoretic velocity component calculated for particle identification. One particular application is the ordered transport and identification of labeled nucleotides sequentially cleaved from a strand of DNA.

Shera, E.B.

1993-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

347

Ordered transport and identification of particles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are provided for application of electrical field gradients to induce particle velocities to enable particle sequence and identification information to be obtained. Particle sequence is maintained by providing electroosmotic flow for an electrolytic solution in a particle transport tube. The transport tube and electrolytic solution are selected to provide an electroosmotic radius of >100 so that a plug flow profile is obtained for the electrolytic solution in the transport tube. Thus, particles are maintained in the same order in which they are introduced in the transport tube. When the particles also have known electrophoretic velocities, the field gradients introduce an electrophoretic velocity component onto the electroosmotic velocity. The time that the particles pass selected locations along the transport tube may then be detected and the electrophoretic velocity component calculated for particle identification. One particular application is the ordered transport and identification of labeled nucleotides sequentially cleaved from a strand of DNA.

Shera, E. Brooks (Los Alamos, NM)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

High performance robust F-doped tin oxide based oxygen evolution electro-catalysts for PEM based water electrolysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Identification and development of non-noble metal based electro-catalysts or electro-catalysts comprising compositions with significantly reduced amounts of expensive noble metal contents (e.g. IrO{sub 2}, Pt) with comparable electrochemical performance to the standard noble metal/metal oxide for proton exchange membrane (PEM) based water electrolysis would signify a major breakthrough in hydrogen generation via water electrolysis. Development of such systems would lead to two primary outcomes: first, a reduction in the overall capital costs of PEM based water electrolyzers, and second, attainment of the targeted hydrogen production costs (<$3.00/gge delivered by 2015) comparable to conventional liquid fuels. In line with these goals, by exploiting a two-pronged theoretical first principles and experimental approach herein, we demonstrate for the very first time a solid solution of SnO{sub 2}:10 wt% F containing only 20 at.% IrO{sub 2} [e.g. (Sn{sub 0.80}Ir{sub 0.20})O{sub 2}:10F] displaying remarkably similar electrochemical activity and comparable or even much improved electrochemical durability compared to pure IrO{sub 2}, the accepted gold standard in oxygen evolution electro-catalysts for PEM based water electrolysis. We present the results of these studies.

Datta, Moni Kanchan; Kadakia, Karan; Velikokhatnyi, Oleg I.; Jampani, Prashanth H.; Chung, Sung Jae; Poston, James A.; Manivannan, Ayyakkannu; Kumta, Prashant N.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Final Progress Report: Isotope Identification Algorithm for Rapid and Accurate Determination of Radioisotopes Feasibility Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of the project titled, 'Isotope Identification Algorithm for Rapid and Accurate Determination of Radioisotopes,' PMIS project number LA10-HUMANID-PD03. The goal of the work was to demonstrate principles of emulating a human analysis approach towards the data collected using radiation isotope identification devices (RIIDs). It summarizes work performed over the FY10 time period. The goal of the work was to demonstrate principles of emulating a human analysis approach towards the data collected using radiation isotope identification devices (RIIDs). Human analysts begin analyzing a spectrum based on features in the spectrum - lines and shapes that are present in a given spectrum. The proposed work was to carry out a feasibility study that will pick out all gamma ray peaks and other features such as Compton edges, bremsstrahlung, presence/absence of shielding and presence of neutrons and escape peaks. Ultimately success of this feasibility study will allow us to collectively explain identified features and form a realistic scenario that produced a given spectrum in the future. We wanted to develop and demonstrate machine learning algorithms that will qualitatively enhance the automated identification capabilities of portable radiological sensors that are currently being used in the field.

Rawool-Sullivan, Mohini [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bounds, John Alan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brumby, Steven P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Prasad, Lakshman [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sullivan, John P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

350

Turing's normal numbers: towards randomness Veronica Becher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

presumably in 1938 Alan Turing gave an algorithm that produces real numbers normal to every integer base- putable normal numbers, and this result should be attributed to Alan Turing. His manuscript entitled "A

351

A procedure for oscillatory parameter identification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A procedure is proposed where a power system is excited with a low-level pseduo-random probing signal and the frequency, damping, magnitude, and shape of oscillatory modes are identified using spectral density estimation and frequency-domain transfer-function identification. Attention is focussed on identifying system modes in the presence of noise. Two examples cases are studied: identification of electromechanical oscillation modes in a 16-machine power system; and turbine-generator shaft modes of a 3-machine power plant feeding a series-compensated 500-kV network.

Trudnowski, D.J.; Donnelly, M.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Hauer, J.F. [Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States)

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

High speed optical quantum random number generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.3351 (2009). 6. I. Reidler, Y. Aviad, M. Rosenbluh, and I. Kanter, "Ultrahigh-speed random number generation

Weinfurter, Harald

353

Sediment Toxicity Identification Evaluations San Francisco Bay Regional Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sediment Toxicity Identification Evaluations San Francisco Bay Regional Monitoring Program chemicals of concern that may impact the estuary's ecosystem. Toxicity Identification Evaluation (TIE identified weak associations between mortality and bulk-phase chlordane and silver concentrations at Redwood

354

EXPERIMENTAL IDENTIFICATION OF COHESIVE ZONE MODELS FROM THERMOMECHANICAL IMAGING TECHNIQUES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 EXPERIMENTAL IDENTIFICATION OF COHESIVE ZONE MODELS FROM THERMOMECHANICAL IMAGING TECHNIQUES S]. Although CZMs are becoming increasingly powerful, the identification of these models still remains of the ductile material into a purely elastoplastic behaviour related to the bulk response (hardening

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

355

Coordinated Searching and Target Identification Using Teams of Autonomous Agents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinated Searching and Target Identification Using Teams of Autonomous Agents Christopher Lum;#12;University of Washington Abstract Coordinated Searching and Target Identification Using Teams of Autonomous & Astronautics Many modern autonomous systems actually require significant human involvement. Often, the amount

Washington at Seattle, University of

356

Multichannel Blind Identification: From Subspace to Maximum Likelihood Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multichannel Blind Identification: From Subspace to Maximum Likelihood Methods LANG TONG, MEMBER, IEEE, AND SYLVIE PERREAU Invited Paper A review of recent blind channel estimation algorithms is pre-- Blind equalization, parameter estimation, system identification. I. INTRODUCTION A. What Is Blind

Tong, Lang

357

Comparative gene identification in mammalian, fly, and fungal genomes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An important step in genome interpretation is the accurate identification of protein-coding genes. One approach to gene identification is comparative analysis of the genomes of several related species, to find genes that ...

Lin, Michael F. (Michael Fong-Jay)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

The development of a speaker identification research facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

related research today is speaker identification Ll, 4]. Speaker identification is the process of identifying an individual by using only information derived from the person's voice. If speaker identification could be practically implemented, it would...THE DL'VELOPFU:NT Ol A SPEAKER IDENTIFICATION RESEARCH FACILITY A Thesis by DALE PETER RUSPINO Submitted to the Craduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August...

Ruspino, Dale Peter

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Notes 14. Experimental identification of bearing force coefficients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An example of system parameter identification (Hybrid Brush Seal) Luis San Andr?s (lecturer) Thanks to Adolfo Delgado, Jos? Baker (RAs) & support from Siemens Power Generation MEEN 617 - April 2008 Structural parameters K shaft = 243 lbf/in (42...Notes 14. IDENTIFICATION OF BEARING FORCE COEFFICIENTS. ? Dr. Luis San Andr?s (2009) 1 Handout # 14 (MEEN 626) Application example Experimental identification of bearing force coefficients Experimental identification of the dynamic force...

San Andres, Luis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Regulation of chloroplast number and DNA synthesis in higher plants. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The long term objective of this research is to understand the process of chloroplast development and its coordination with leaf development in higher plants. This is important because the photosynthetic capacity of plants is directly related to leaf and chloroplast development. This research focuses on obtaining a detailed description of leaf development and the early steps in chloroplast development including activation of plastid DNA synthesis, changes in plastid DNA copy number, activation of chloroplast transcription and increases in plastid number per cell. The grant will also begin analysis of specific biochemical mechanisms by isolation of the plastid DNA polymerase, and identification of genetic mutants which are altered in their accumulation of plastid DNA and plastid number per cell.

Mullet, J.E.

1995-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Regulation of chloroplast number and DNA synthesis in higher plants. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The long term objective of this research is to understand the process of chloroplast development and its coordination with leaf development in higher plants. This is important because the photosynthetic capacity of plants is directly related to leaf and chloroplast development. This research focuses on obtaining a detailing description of leaf development and the early steps in chloroplast development including activation of plastid DNA synthesis, changes in plastid DNA copy number, activation of chloroplast transcription and increases in plastid number per cell. The grant will also begin analysis of specific biochemical mechanisms by isolation of the plastid DNA polymerase, and identification of genetic mutants which are altered in their accumulation of plastid DNA and plastid number per cell.

Mullet, J.E.

1995-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

362

University of Michigan and NBER "Identification of Discrete Choice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Presenter: Jeremy Fox University of Michigan and NBER "Identification of Discrete Choice Models;Identification of Discrete Choice Models for Bundles and Binary Games Jeremy T. Fox University of Michigan and NBER Natalia Lazzati University of Michigan March 2014 Abstract We study nonparametric identification

363

Biografo: An Integrated Tool for Forensic Writer Identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biografo: An Integrated Tool for Forensic Writer Identification Javier Galbally, Santiago Gonzalez of a practical integrated tool for writer identification in forensic scenarios is presented. The tool has been designed to help forensic examiners along the complete identification process: from the data acquisition

Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

364

Louisiana State University Purchasing Office  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Louisiana State University Purchasing Office Vendor Enrollment Application Form Vendor Name changes to the LSU Purchasing Office. Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) Certification [required] Check-To Address [required; used by LSU Purchasing to send solicitations, addenda, purchase orders, change orders

Harms, Kyle E.

365

Thrips on Onions: Identification and Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L-5397 7-01 Thrips on Onions Identification and Management A.N. Sparks, Jr. and T.-X. Liu Extension Entomologist and Research Entomologist The Texas A&M University System T hrips are the major arthropod pests of onions throughout Texas. They can...

Liu, Tong-Xian; Sparks Jr., Alton N.

2001-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

366

System Identification: Time Varying and Nonlinear Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the choice of the generalized time varying ARX model (GTV-ARX) can be set to realize a time varying dead beat observer. Methods to use the developed algorithm(s) in this research are then considered for application to the identification of system models...

Majji, Manoranjan

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

367

Identification in Posthumanist Rhetoric: Trauma and Empathy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the rhetorical strategies used to build them have yet to be worked out. Identification, a key aim of rhetoric in the theory of Kenneth Burke and others, can persuade an audience to value others. However, it can also obscure the realities of who does and does...

Larsen, Amy Marie 1984-

2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

368

Identification for a Nonlinear Periodic Wave Equation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work is concerned with an approximation process for the identification of nonlinearities in the nonlinear periodic wave equation. It is based on the least-squares approach and on a splitting method. A numerical algorithm of gradient type and the numerical implementation are given.

Morosanu, C. [Department of Mathematics, University 'Al.I.Cuza', 6600 Iasi (Romania); Trenchea, C. [Institute of Mathematics of Romanian Academy, 6600 Iasi (Romania)

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

groundwater nitrogen source identification and remediation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

producer profits. This will, in turn, benefit water bodies in the area that receive stream baseflow fromgroundwater nitrogen source identification and remediation The Seymour Aquifer is a shallow aquifer water withdraws are used for irrigation while the cities of Vernon, Burk- burnett and Electra and many

370

Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) I. System Identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) I. System Identification 1. IT System Name: NPM Current Public editing done at the time of entry. 2. Why the information is being collected. The NPM Education Department of the current permanent NPM Education Department staff only. The file resides on a server and access

Mathis, Wayne N.

371

Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) I. System Identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) I. System Identification 1. IT System Name: NPM Public Program is being collected. The NPM Education Department manages numerous volunteers. A spreadsheet is required is shared with members of the current permanent NPM Education Department staff only. The file resides

Mathis, Wayne N.

372

Kaval: Cooperative Signature Identification on Mobile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kaval: Cooperative Signature Identification on Mobile Devices Kaval is an Android-based signature in near real-time to multiple users. How It worKS Technological advances have made mobile devices device. Using a mobile device allows users to capture data from a team of users and process that data

373

Tier identification (TID) for tiered memory characteristics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tier identification (TID) is to indicate a characteristic of a memory region associated with a virtual address in a tiered memory system. A thread may be serviced according to a first path based on the TID indicating a first characteristic. The thread may be serviced according to a second path based on the TID indicating a second characteristic.

Chang, Jichuan; Lim, Kevin T; Ranganathan, Parthasarathy

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

374

STEPS: A Grid Search Methodology for Optimized Peptide Identification Filtering of MS/MS Database Search Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For bottom-up proteomics there are a wide variety of database searching algorithms in use for matching peptide sequences to tandem MS spectra. Likewise, there are numerous strategies being employed to produce a confident list of peptide identifications from the different search algorithm outputs. Here we introduce a grid search approach for determining optimal database filtering criteria in shotgun proteomics data analyses that is easily adaptable to any search. Systematic Trial and Error Parameter Selection - referred to as STEPS - utilizes user-defined parameter ranges to test a wide array of parameter combinations to arrive at an optimal "parameter set" for data filtering, thus maximizing confident identifications. The benefits of this approach in terms of numbers of true positive identifications are demonstrated using datasets derived from immunoaffinity-depleted blood serum and a bacterial cell lysate, two common proteomics sample types.

Piehowski, Paul D.; Petyuk, Vladislav A.; Sandoval, John D.; Burnum, Kristin E.; Kiebel, Gary R.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Anderson, Gordon A.; Camp, David G.; Smith, Richard D.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Identification of a reversible quantum gate: assessing the resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We assess the resources needed to identify a reversible quantum gate among a finite set of alternatives, including in our analysis both deterministic and probabilistic strategies. Among the probabilistic strategies we consider unambiguous gate discrimination, where errors are not tolerated but inconclusive outcomes are allowed, and we prove that parallel strategies are sufficient to unambiguously identify the unknown gate with minimum number of queries. This result is used to provide upper and lower bounds on the query complexity and on the minimum ancilla dimension. In addition, we introduce the notion of generalized t-designs, which includes unitary t-designs and group representations as special cases. For gates forming a generalized t-design we give an explicit expression for the maximum probability of correct gate identification and we prove that there is no gap between the performances of deterministic strategies an those of probabilistic strategies. Hence, evaluating of the query complexity of perfect deterministic discrimination is reduced to the easier problem of evaluating the query complexity of unambiguous discrimination. Finally, we consider discrimination strategies where the use of ancillas is forbidden, providing upper bounds on the number of additional queries needed to make up for the lack of entanglement with the ancillas.

Giulio Chiribella; Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano; Martin Roetteler

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

376

Augmenting real data with synthetic data: an application in assessing radio-isotope identification algorithms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of Radio-Isotope Identification (RIID) algorithms using gamma spectroscopy is increasingly important. For example, sensors at locations that screen for illicit nuclear material rely on isotope identification to resolve innocent nuisance alarms arising from naturally occurring radioactive material. Recent data collections for RIID testing consist of repeat measurements for each of several scenarios to test RIID algorithms. Efficient allocation of measurement resources requires an appropriate number of repeats for each scenario. To help allocate measurement resources in such data collections for RIID algorithm testing, we consider using only a few real repeats per scenario. In order to reduce uncertainty in the estimated RIID algorithm performance for each scenario, the potential merit of augmenting these real repeats with realistic synthetic repeats is also considered. Our results suggest that for the scenarios and algorithms considered, approximately 10 real repeats augmented with simulated repeats will result in an estimate having comparable uncertainty to the estimate based on using 60 real repeats.

Burr, Tom L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hamada, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Graves, Todd [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Myers, Steve [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Harmonic resolution as a holographic quantum number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL- 57239 Harmonic resolution as a holographic quantumhep-th/0310223 UCB-PTH-03/26 Harmonic resolution as aquantum number, the harmonic resolution K. The Bekenstein

Bousso, Raphael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

GaN-based light-emitting diode with textured indium tin oxide transparent layer coated with Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} powder  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface-textured InGaN/GaN light-emitting diodes (LEDs) coated with transparent Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} powder were fabricated by natural lithography combined with inductively coupled plasma etching. For surface texturing, 300 nm size Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} powder is used as an etching mask by simply coating the surface using a spin-coating process. Also, the powders are left on the surface after surface texturing to further increase extraction efficiency. At 20 mA, the light output power of the textured indium tin oxide (ITO) InGaN/GaN LEDs coated with the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} powder is enhanced by {approx}112% compared with the conventional nontextured ITO LED. The enhanced light output power is attributed to the improved extraction efficiency resulting from an overall decrease in the total internal reflection due to the textured surface and the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} powder coating.

Kim, T. K.; Kim, S. H.; Yang, S. S.; Son, J. K.; Lee, K. H.; Hong, Y. G.; Shim, K. H.; Yang, J. W.; Lim, K. Y.; Yang, G. M. [Department of Semiconductor and Chemical Engineering and Semiconductor Physics Research Center, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756 (Korea, Republic of); Bae, S. J. [Optowell Co., Ltd., 308, Semiconductor Physics Research Center, 664-14, Dukjin-Dong, Dukjin-Gu, Jeonju 561-756 (Korea, Republic of)

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

379

Investigation of buried homojunctions in p -InP formed during sputter deposition of both indium tin oxide and indium oxide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although it is apparent that direct current (dc) magnetron sputter deposition of indium tin oxide (ITO) leads to the formation of a buried homojunction in single crystal {ital p}-type InP, the actual mechanism of type conversion of the InP surface is not clear, nor is it immediately obvious how further improvements may be achieved. Previously, we have suggested that type conversion is caused by indiffusion of Sn during the ITO deposition process and additionally demonstrated that this effect is strengthened by the presence of hydrogen in the sputtering gas. Recently, however, efficiencies of almost 17% (Global) have been achieved for cells fabricated by sputter depositing In{sub 2}O{sub 3}(IO) alone, strongly suggesting that the Sn may not be an essential part of type conversion. In this work, a variety of electrical and optical techniques has been used to assess the changes at the ITO/InP and IO/InP interfaces. From these, it is concluded that several mechanisms, including passivation of acceptors by hydrogen and sputter damage,'' occur simultaneously. This analysis suggests several directions for further improvement of these devices.

Gessert, T.A.; Li, X.; Wanlass, M.W.; Nelson, A.J.; Coutts, T.J. (Solar Energy Research Institute, Golden, CO (USA))

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Effect of ultraviolet radiation exposure on room-temperature hydrogen sensitivity of nanocrystalline doped tin oxide sensor incorporated into microelectromechanical systems device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure on the room-temperature hydrogen (H{sub 2}) sensitivity of nanocrystalline indium oxide (In{sub 2}O{sub 3})-doped tin oxide (SnO{sub 2}) thin-film gas sensor is investigated in this article. The present sensor is incorporated into microelectromechanical systems device using sol-gel dip-coating technique. The present sensor exhibits a very high sensitivity, as high as 65 000-110 000, at room temperature, for 900 ppm of H{sub 2} under the dynamic test condition without UV exposure. The H{sub 2} sensitivity is, however, observed to reduce to 200 under UV radiation, which is contrary to the literature data, where an enhanced room-temperature gas sensitivity has been reported under UV radiation. The observed phenomenon is attributed to the reduced surface coverage by the chemisorbed oxygen ions under UV radiation, which is in consonance with the prediction of the constitutive equation, proposed recently by the authors, for the gas sensitivity of nanocrystalline semiconductor oxide thin-film sensors.

Shukla, Satyajit; Agrawal, Rajnikant; Cho, Hyoung J.; Seal, Sudipta; Ludwig, Lawrence; Parish, Clyde [Advanced Materials Processing and Analysis Center (AMPAC) and Mechanical Materials Aerospace Engineering (MMAE) Department, Engineering 381, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Boulevard, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States); National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), John F. Kennedy Space Center, Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Florida 32899 (United States)

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Morphology and structure evolution of tin-doped indium oxide thin films deposited by radio-frequency magnetron sputtering: The role of the sputtering atmosphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The microstructure and morphology evolution of tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) thin films deposited by radio-frequency magnetron sputtering in different sputtering atmospheres were investigated by X-ray diffraction, X-ray reflectivity, and atomic force microscopy. The surface roughness w increases with increasing film thickness d{sub f}, and exhibits a power law behavior w???d{sub f}{sup ?}. The roughness decreases with increasing O{sub 2} flow, while it increases with increasing H{sub 2} flow. The growth exponent ? is found to be 0.35, 0.75, and 0.98 for depositions in Ar/10%O{sub 2}, pure Ar, and Ar/10%H{sub 2} atmospheres, respectively. The correlation length ? increases with film thickness also with a power law according to ????d{sub f}{sup z} with exponents z?=?0.36, 0.44, and 0.57 for these three different gas atmospheres, respectively. A combination of local and non-local growth modes in 2?+?1 dimensions is discussed for the ITO growth in this work.

Nie, Man, E-mail: man.nie@helmholtz-berlin.de; Mete, Tayfun; Ellmer, Klaus [Department of Solar Fuels and Energy Storage Materials, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fr Materialien und Energie GmbH, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, D14109 Berlin (Germany)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

382

Enhancement of conduction noise absorption by hybrid absorbers composed of indium-tin-oxide thin film and magnetic composite sheet on a microstrip line  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to develop wide-band noise absorbers with a focused design for low frequency performance, this study investigates hybrid absorbers that are composed of conductive indium-tin-oxide (ITO) thin film and magnetic composite sheets. The ITO films prepared via reactive sputtering exhibit a typical value of electrical resistivity of ?10{sup ?4} ? m. Rubber composites with flaky Fe-Si-Al particles are used as the magnetic sheet with a high permeability and high permittivity. For the ITO film with a low surface resistance and covered by the magnetic sheet, approximately 90% power absorption can be obtained at 1?GHz, which is significantly higher than that of the original magnetic sheet or ITO film. The high power absorption of the hybrid absorber is attributed to the enhanced ohmic loss of the ITO film through increased electric field strength bounded by the upper magnetic composite sheet. However, for the reverse layering sequence of the ITO film, the electric field experienced by ITO film is very weak due to the electromagnetic shielding by the under layer of magnetic sheet, which does not result in enhanced power absorption.

Kim, Sun-Hong; Kim, Sung-Soo, E-mail: sskim@chungbuk.ac.kr [Department of Advanced Materials Engineering, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361-763 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

383

Identification of Strategies to Leverage Public and Private Resources for National Security Workforce Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the identification of strategies to leverage public and private resources for the development of an adequate national security workforce as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP).There are numerous efforts across the United States to develop a properly skilled and trained national security workforce. Some of these efforts are the result of the leveraging of public and private dollars. As budget dollars decrease and the demand for a properly skilled and trained national security workforce increases, it will become even more important to leverage every education and training dollar. The leveraging of dollars serves many purposes. These include increasing the amount of training that can be delivered and therefore increasing the number of people reached, increasing the number and quality of public/private partnerships, and increasing the number of businesses that are involved in the training of their future workforce.

None

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Protocol Number: (IBC office use only)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protocol Number: (IBC office use only) 1 UNF Registration of Biosafety Level 2 (BSL-2) A-2 Form", describe the methods of inactivation. #12;Protocol Number: (IBC office use only) 2 10. Describe the mechanism for decontaminating lab waste prior to disposal. Yes No If "Yes", describe the methods

Asaithambi, Asai

385

enter part number BNC / RP-BNC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

enter part number Products 7/16 1.0/2.3 1.6/5.6 AFI AMC BNC / RP-BNC C FAKRA SMB FME HN MCX Mini ------- Product Search ------- Inventory Search Search Results for: 31-10152-RFX Results: 1 - 1 of 1 Part Number. All rights reserved. Copyright | Terms & Conditions | RF E-Mail Client | Contact Us | Amphenol

Berns, Hans-Gerd

386

GENERAL CHEMISTRY TEXTBOOK LIST ISBN Number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FALL 2013 GENERAL CHEMISTRY TEXTBOOK LIST Course Number ISBN Number Title of Text and/or Material Edition Author Publishers 11100 978-1-2591-9687-4 Introduction to Chemistry, 3rd ed. (packaged w 978-1-2591-6192-6 Chemistry, The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change, 6e (packaged w

Jiang, Wen

387

Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Annual Report and Financial Statements Year ended 30 September 2013 #12;Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Contents Page Directors Trust Finance plc Directors' Report For the year ended 30 September 2013 Report of the Directors

Rambaut, Andrew

388

Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Annual Report and Financial Statements Year ended 30 September 2012 #12;Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Contents Page Directors Trust Finance plc Directors' Report for the year ended 30 September 2012 Report of the Directors

Rambaut, Andrew

389

Structural system identification: Structural dynamics model validation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Structural system identification is concerned with the development of systematic procedures and tools for developing predictive analytical models based on a physical structure`s dynamic response characteristics. It is a multidisciplinary process that involves the ability (1) to define high fidelity physics-based analysis models, (2) to acquire accurate test-derived information for physical specimens using diagnostic experiments, (3) to validate the numerical simulation model by reconciling differences that inevitably exist between the analysis model and the experimental data, and (4) to quantify uncertainties in the final system models and subsequent numerical simulations. The goal of this project was to develop structural system identification techniques and software suitable for both research and production applications in code and model validation.

Red-Horse, J.R.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

A Very High Momentum Particle Identification Detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The construction of a new detector is proposed to extend the capabilities of ALICE in the high transverse momentum (pT) region. This Very High Momentum Particle Identification Detector (VHMPID) performs charged hadron identification on a track-by-track basis in the 5 GeV/c < p < 25 GeV/c momentum range and provides ALICE with new opportunities to study parton-medium interactions at LHC energies. The VHMPID covers up to 30% of the ALICE central barrel and presents sufficient acceptance for triggered- and tagged-jet studies, allowing for the first time identified charged hadron measurements in jets. This Letter of Intent summarizes the physics motivations for such a detector as well as its layout and integration into ALICE.

T. V. Acconcia; A. G. Agocs; F. Barile; G. G. Barnafoldi; R. Bellwied; G. Bencedi; G. Bencze; D. Berenyi; L. Boldizsar; S. Chattopadhyay; F. Cindolo; D. D. Chinellato; S. D'Ambrosio; D. Das; K. Das; L. Das-Bose; A. K. Dash; G. De Cataldo; S. De Pasquale; D. Di Bari; A. Di Mauro; E. Futo; E. Garcia; G. Hamar; A. Harton; G. Iannone; R. T. Jimenez; D. W. Kim; J. S. Kim; A. Knospe; L. Kovacs; P. Levai; E. Nappi; C. Markert; P. Martinengo; D. Mayani; L. Molnar; L. Olah; G. Paic; C. Pastore; G. Patimo; M. E. Patino; V. Peskov; L. Pinsky; F. Piuz; S. Pochybova; I. Sgura; T. Sinha; J. Song; J. Takahashi; A. Timmins; J. B. Van Beelen; D. Varga; G. Volpe; M. Weber; L. Xaplanteris; J. Yi; I. K. Yoo

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

391

PINS Testing and Modification for Explosive Identification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The INL's Portable Isotopic Neutron Spectroscopy System (PINS)1 non-intrusively identifies the chemical fill of munitions and sealed containers. PINS is used routinely by the U.S. Army, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, and foreign military units to determine the contents of munitions and other containers suspected to contain explosives, smoke-generating chemicals, and chemical warfare agents such as mustard and nerve gas. The objects assayed with PINS range from softball-sized M139 chemical bomblets to 200 gallon DOT 500X ton containers. INL had previously examined2 the feasibility of using a similar system for the identification of explosives, and based on this proof-of-principle test, the development of a dedicated system for the identification of explosives in an improvised nuclear device appears entirely feasible. INL has been tasked by NNSA NA-42 Render Safe Research and Development with the development of such a system.

E.H. Seabury; A.J. Caffrey

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Compendium of Experimental Cetane Number Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report, we present a compilation of reported cetane numbers for pure chemical compounds. The compiled database contains cetane values for 299 pure compounds, including 156 hydrocarbons and 143 oxygenates. Cetane number is a relative ranking of fuels based on the amount of time between fuel injection and ignition. The cetane number is typically measured either in a combustion bomb or in a single-cylinder research engine. This report includes cetane values from several different measurement techniques - each of which has associated uncertainties. Additionally, many of the reported values are determined by measuring blending cetane numbers, which introduces significant error. In many cases, the measurement technique is not reported nor is there any discussion about the purity of the compounds. Nonetheless, the data in this report represent the best pure compound cetane number values available from the literature as of August 2004.

Murphy, M. J.; Taylor, J. D.; McCormick, R. L.

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Grant Title: NIDCD PHASE I/II PRELIMINARY CLINICAL TRIALS IN COMMUNICATION DISORDERS Funding Opportunity Number: PAR-12-123. CFDA Number(s): 93.173.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Opportunity Number: PAR-12-123. CFDA Number(s): 93.173. Agency/Department: National Institutes of Health (NIH

Farritor, Shane

394

Grant Title: AHRQ HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH DEMONSTRATION AND DISSEMINATION GRANTS Funding Opportunity Number: PA-13-046. CFDA Number(s): 93.226.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Opportunity Number: PA-13-046. CFDA Number(s): 93.226. Agency/Department: Department of Health and Human

Farritor, Shane

395

Grant Title: INTELLECTUAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES RESEARCH CENTERS (P30) Funding Opportunity Number: RFA-HD-13-002. CFDA Number(s): 93.865.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Number: RFA-HD-13-002. CFDA Number(s): 93.865. Agency/Department: Department of Health and Human Services

Farritor, Shane

396

Grant Title: RESEARCH ON PSYCHOPATHOLOGY IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES (R01) Funding Opportunity Number: PA-12-219. CFDA Number(s): 93.242.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Number: PA-12-219. CFDA Number(s): 93.242. Agency/Department: Department of Health and Human Services

Farritor, Shane

397

Grant Title: MENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH DISSERTATION GRANT TO INCREASE DIVERSITY (R36) Funding Opportunity Number: PAR-12-103. CFDA Number(s): 93.242.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Opportunity Number: PAR-12-103. CFDA Number(s): 93.242. Agency/Department: Department of Health and Human

Farritor, Shane

398

Grant Title: RESEARCH GRANTS FOR PREVENTING VIOLENCE AND VIOLENCE-RELATED INJURY Funding Opportunity Number: RFA-CE-14-006. CFDA Number(s): 93.136.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Opportunity Number: RFA-CE-14-006. CFDA Number(s): 93.136. Agency/Department: Centers for Disease Control

Farritor, Shane

399

Grant Title: BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE TRACK AWARD FOR RAPID TRANSITION (B/START) (R03) Funding Opportunity Number: PAR-12-251. CFDA Number(s): 93.279.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Opportunity Number: PAR-12-251. CFDA Number(s): 93.279. Agency/Department: Department of Health and Human

Farritor, Shane

400

Grant Title: ARTS IN EDUCATION MODEL DEVELOPMENT AND DISSEMINATION PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: ED-GRANTS-022013-001. CFDA Number(s): 84.351D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Number: ED-GRANTS-022013-001. CFDA Number(s): 84.351D. Agency/Department: Department of Education, Office

Farritor, Shane

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

RCRA Permit for a Hazardous Waste Management Facility, Permit Number NEV HW0101, Annual Summary/Waste Minimization Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the EPA identification number of each generator from which the Permittee received a waste stream, a description and quantity of each waste stream in tons and cubic feet received at the facility, the method of treatment, storage, and/or disposal for each waste stream, a description of the waste minimization efforts undertaken, a description of the changes in volume and toxicity of waste actually received, any unusual occurrences, and the results of tank integrity assessments. This Annual Summary/Waste Minimization Report is prepared in accordance with Section 2.13.3 of Permit Number NEV HW0101.

Arnold, Patrick [NSTec] [NSTec

2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

402

Cascade Training Technique for Particle Identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cascade training technique which was developed during our work on the MiniBooNE particle identification has been found to be a very efficient way to improve the selection performance, especially when very low background contamination levels are desired. The detailed description of this technique is presented here based on the MiniBooNE detector Monte Carlo simulations, using both artifical neural networks and boosted decision trees as examples.

Yong Liu; Ion Stancu

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

403

* Corresponding author. : Primary student contributor. Folding-aware and Structure-conscious 3D Substructures in Folding Data: Identification and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

employed by biologists to study the protein folding problem. Such simulations have resulted in a large number of protein folding trajectories, each of which consists of a sequence of three, and cross-trajectory comparison. Key Words: protein folding trajectories, 3D substructure identification

Yang, Hui

404

In Silico Identification Software (ISIS): A Machine Learning Approach to Tandem Mass Spectral Identification of Lipids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-based metabolomics has gained importance in the life sciences, yet it is not supported by software tools for high throughput identification of metabolites based on their fragmentation spectra. An algorithm (ISIS: in silico identification software) and its implementation are presented and show great promise in generating in silico spectra of lipids for the purpose of structural identification. Instead of using chemical reaction rate equations or rules-based fragmentation libraries, the algorithm uses machine learning to find accurate bond cleavage rates in a mass spectrometer employing collision-induced dissocia-tion tandem mass spectrometry. A preliminary test of the algorithm with 45 lipids from a subset of lipid classes shows both high sensitivity and specificity.

Kangas, Lars J.; Metz, Thomas O.; Isaac, Georgis; Schrom, Brian T.; Ginovska-Pangovska, Bojana; Wang, Luning; Tan, Li; Lewis, Robert R.; Miller, John H.

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) vs. Sensory, Input-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Comparison of Local vs. Sensory, Input- Driven, Wide Area Reactive Power Control Jonathan W. Stahlhut, Member. J. W. Stahlhut is with the Electrical Engineering Department, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, 85287 USA (e-mail: jonathan.stahlhut@asu.edu). G. T. Heydt is with the Electrical Engineering Department

406

Abstract--Radio-frequency identification has a great number of unfulfilled prospects. Part of the problem until now has been  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, The University of Hong Kong; PR China. (email: gqhuang@hku.hk). Rajit Gadh is the Director of the Wireless

California at Los Angeles, University of

407

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) green-networking is raising  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Research in the field of green-networking is raising more and more interest, in particular driven by energy or management strategies for greening the Internet relies on an initial study of the energy consumption consumption, Router, Wattmeter, energy saving, Internet greening, Green Internet management I. INTRODUCTION

Boyer, Edmond

408

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) green-networking is raising  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Research in the field of green-networking is raising more and more interest, in particular driven by energy saving purposes. Recent research dealt on one hand to design new mechanisms to reduce the energy consumed in a network device and a second to establish protocols which take into account the energy profile

Boyer, Edmond

409

Grant Title: DECISION, RISK AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCES (DRMS) Funding Opportunity Number: PD-98-1321. CFDA Number(s): 47.075.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1321. CFDA Number(s): 47.075. Agency/Department: National Science Foundation. Area of Research: Research

Farritor, Shane

410

Grant Title: NIH DIRECTOR'S EARLY INDEPENDENCE AWARDS (DP5) Funding Opportunity Number: RFA-RM-12-018. CFDA Number(s): 93.310.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-018. CFDA Number(s): 93.310. Agency/Department: Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Strategic

Farritor, Shane

411

Grant Title: NIDCD CLINICAL RESEARCH CENTER GRANT (P50) Funding Opportunity Number: PAR-13-277. CFDA Number(s): 93.173.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-277. CFDA Number(s): 93.173. Agency/Department: National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute

Farritor, Shane

412

Grant Title: ACADEMIC-COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIP CONFERENCE SERIES (R13) Funding Opportunity Number: PAR-12-102. CFDA Number(s): 93.865.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-12-102. CFDA Number(s): 93.865. Agency/Department: Department of Health and Human Services, National

Farritor, Shane

413

Grant Title: ALCOHOL RESEARCH EDUCATION PROJECT GRANTS (R25) Funding Opportunity Number: PAR -11-205. CFDA Number(s) 93.273.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-205. CFDA Number(s) 93.273. Agency/Department: Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), National

Farritor, Shane

414

Grant Title: NIDA CORE CENTER OF EXCELLENCE GRANT PROGRAM (P30) Funding Opportunity Number: PAR-10-220. CFDA Number(s): 93.279.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-220. CFDA Number(s): 93.279. Agency/Department: Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes

Farritor, Shane

415

Grant Title: INITIATIVE FOR MAXIMIZING STUDENT DEVELOPMENT (IMSD) (R25) Funding Opportunity Number: PAR-13-082. CFDA Number(s): 93.859.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: PAR-13-082. CFDA Number(s): 93.859. Agency/Department: National Institutes of Health (NIH), National

Farritor, Shane

416

Contributions to Metric Number Technical Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contributions to Metric Number Theory Paul Rowe Technical Report RHULMA20022 5 December 2002, Professor Glyn Harman, for sug- gestions of problems to attempt, helpful advice on methods and help

Dent, Alexander W.

417

Estimating visitor and visit numbers to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................ 24 4.5 Monitoring and Evaluating Quality of Life for CRS'07 .......................................25 4.6 Quality of experience visitor, visit and total numbers of visits to woodlands. This document builds on guidance on visitor

418

Dynamical real numbers and living systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently uncovered second derivative discontinuous solutions of the simplest linear ordinary differential equation define not only an nonstandard extension of the framework of the ordinary calculus, but also provide a dynamical representation of the ordinary real number system. Every real number can be visualized as a living cell -like structure, endowed with a definite evolutionary arrow. We discuss the relevance of this extended calculus in the study of living systems. We also present an intelligent version of the Newton's first law of motion.

Dhurjati Prasad Datta

2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

419

Notes 15. Identification of parameters in mechanical systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Notes 15. Identification of bearing force coefficients. ? Dr. Luis San Andr?s (2008) 1 Handout # 15 (MEEN 617) Application example Experimental identification of bearing force coefficients Consider a test bearing or seal element as a point mass... for your self-study and further learning. References Diaz, S., and L. San Andr?s, 1999, "A Method for Identification of Bearing Force Coefficients and its Application to a Squeeze Film Damper with a Bubbly Lubricant,? STLE Tribology Transactions...

San Andres, Luis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

A shape identification problem in estimating time-dependent irregular boundary configurations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A transient inverse geometry heat conduction problem (shape identification problem) by using the conjugate gradient method (CGM) and boundary element method (BEM)-based inverse algorithm is solved in the present study to estimate the unknown irregular boundary shape. In the previous work by Huang and Chao (1997), the steady-state shape identification problem has been solved successfully by using both the Levenberg-Marquadt method and conjugate gradient method. They concluded that the conjugate gradient method is better than the Levenberg-Marquardt method especially when the number of unknowns are increased. In this present extended work only the conjugate gradient method is considered since the Levenberg-Marquardt method is of no hope to solve this inverse transient shape identification problem. Results obtained by using conjugate gradient to solve this inverse moving boundary problems are justified based on the numerical experiments. One concludes that the accurate configuration can be estimated by conjugate gradient method except for the initial and final time. The reason and improvement of this singularity will be addressed in text. Finally the effects of the measurement errors to the inverse solutions are discussed.

Huang, C.H.; Tsai, C.C.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Chemical kinetics of cetane number improving agents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The increasing demand for diesel fuels has resulted in the use of greater percentage of cracked distillates having poor ignition properties. The ignition properties of diesel fuels can be rated in terms of their cetane number and diesel fuels having low cetane number may have poor ignition properties such as diesel knock, difficulties to start engines in the cold weather and so on. Such diesel fuels need cetane number improving agents. In the 1940s and 1950s alkyl nitrates, alkyl nitrites and organic peroxides were found to be effective cetane number improving additives. Our recent study suggests that free radicals produced from thermal decomposition just before ignition should have an important role to improve their ignition properties. However no studies on the reaction mechanism for improving effect of these additives have been attempted because of complex nature of spontaneous ignition reaction of hydrocarbons. In order to clarify the reaction mechanism for improving effects of cetane number improving agents. We here have attempted to simulate the spontaneous ignition of n-butane as a model compound in the presence of alkyl nitrites as cetane number improving agents.

Hashimoto, K.; Akutsu, Y.; Arai, M.; Tamura, M. [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

422

The concrete theory of numbers : Problem of simplicity of Fermat number-twins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem of simplicity of Fermat number-twins $f_{n}^{\\pm}=2^{2^n}\\pm3$ is studied. The question for what $n$ numbers $f_{n}^{\\pm}$ are composite is investigated. The factor-identities for numbers of a kind $x^2 \\pm k $ are found.

Boris V. Tarasov

2007-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

423

Identification of Low Emissions Agricultural Pathways and Priorities...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling and Scenarios Jump to: navigation, search Name Identification of Low Emissions Agricultural Pathways and Priorities for Mitigation in Agricultural Landscapes using...

424

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternatives identification preconceptual...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(FIRE) Collection: Plasma Physics and Fusion 51 A Framework for an HSI Downselection Tool Phillip M. Cunio Summary: Tool identification Tool scores Tool database Rating weights...

425

Identification of a putative protein profile associating with...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a putative protein profile associating with tamoxifen therapy resistance in breast cancer. Identification of a putative protein profile associating with tamoxifen therapy...

426

Introduction Compound-specific identification, or biomarker analysis,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

269 Introduction Compound-specific identification, or biomarker analysis, in organic geochemistry cases highlighting subtle yet important details not revealed by bulk analyses alone. For example

Long, Bernard

427

Modeling and online parameter identification methods for Electrohydraulic Valvetrain Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bulk modulus which is dependent on pressure and temperature [29], which vary during operation we create an on-line parameter identification

Gray, James

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Chapter 31 Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste (Kentucky)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This administrative regulation establishes the general provisions necessary for identification and listing of a hazardous waste. The regulation also establishes the criteria for identifying the...

429

Identification and Characterization of Near-Term Direct Hydrogen...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Characterization of Near-Term Direct Hydrogen Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Markets Identification and Characterization of Near-Term Direct Hydrogen Proton Exchange...

430

Econometrica Supplementary Material SUPPLEMENTAL TO "SHARP IDENTIFICATION REGIONS IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Econometrica Supplementary Material SUPPLEMENTAL TO "SHARP IDENTIFICATION REGIONS IN MODELS also that by the positive homogeneity of the support function, our moment inequalities can be written

Molchanov, Ilya

431

accurate protein identification: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and examines common identification errors. It also illustrates that data integration in PIR supports exploration of protein relationships and may reveal protein functional...

432

New active set identification for general constrained optimization ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wright [5] used a hybrid geometric-algebraic viewpoint and considered convex ... Oberlin and Wright [13] focused on identification schemes that do not require...

2014-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

433

Identification of soybean proteins from a single cell type: The...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

soybean proteins from a single cell type: The root hair. Identification of soybean proteins from a single cell type: The root hair. Abstract: Root hairs are a terminally...

434

Technique for the identification of dominant delayed neutron precursors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A technique for the identification of delayed neutron precursors has been developed based on the product of cumulative yield and probability of neutron emission. The motivation behind this work is to fix the decay constants of delayed neutrons to those of the dominant delayed neutron precursors. The desirability of identifying a single set of decay constants that would apply to all fissionable isotopes and be independent of the neutron energy spectrum has been addressed by several authors. The main advantages of a fixed-decay constant representation are simplifying the analysis of epithemal and fast reactors with multiple fissioning isotopes, and improving the fit to experimental data while preserving the inferred positive reactivity scale associated with the original six-group representation. It is well known that 27 1 delayed neutron precursors exist, but only a select number of those precursors contribute significantly to the decay of delayed neutron. Using data compiled by England and Rider, which lists fission yield and probability of neutron emission values for the 27 1 known delayed neutron precursors in 32 fissioning systems, thirteen precursors were identified that are consistently dominant for alI fissioning systems.

Loaiza, D. J. (David J.); Haskin, E. (Eric)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Identification of host response signatures of infection.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biological weapons of mass destruction and emerging infectious diseases represent a serious and growing threat to our national security. Effective response to a bioattack or disease outbreak critically depends upon efficient and reliable distinguishing between infected vs healthy individuals, to enable rational use of scarce, invasive, and/or costly countermeasures (diagnostics, therapies, quarantine). Screening based on direct detection of the causative pathogen can be problematic, because culture- and probe-based assays are confounded by unanticipated pathogens (e.g., deeply diverged, engineered), and readily-accessible specimens (e.g., blood) often contain little or no pathogen, particularly at pre-symptomatic stages of disease. Thus, in addition to the pathogen itself, one would like to detect infection-specific host response signatures in the specimen, preferably ones comprised of nucleic acids (NA), which can be recovered and amplified from tiny specimens (e.g., fingerstick draws). Proof-of-concept studies have not been definitive, however, largely due to use of sub-optimal sample preparation and detection technologies. For purposes of pathogen detection, Sandia has developed novel molecular biology methods that enable selective isolation of NA unique to, or shared between, complex samples, followed by identification and quantitation via Second Generation Sequencing (SGS). The central hypothesis of the current study is that variations on this approach will support efficient identification and verification of NA-based host response signatures of infectious disease. To test this hypothesis, we re-engineered Sandia's sophisticated sample preparation pipelines, and developed new SGS data analysis tools and strategies, in order to pioneer use of SGS for identification of host NA correlating with infection. Proof-of-concept studies were carried out using specimens drawn from pathogen-infected non-human primates (NHP). This work provides a strong foundation for large-scale, highly-efficient efforts to identify and verify infection-specific host NA signatures in human populations.

Branda, Steven S.; Sinha, Anupama; Bent, Zachary

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Power system identification toolbox: Phase two progress  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes current progress on a project funded by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) to develop a set of state-of-the-art analysis software (termed the Power System Identification [PSI] Toolbox) for fitting dynamic models to measured data. The project is being conducted as a three-phase effort. The first phase, completed in late 1992, involved investigating the characteristics of the analysis techniques by evaluating existing software and developing guidelines for best use. Phase Two includes extending current software, developing new analysis algorithms and software, and demonstrating and developing applications. The final phase will focus on reorganizing the software into a modular collection of documented computer programs and developing user manuals with instruction and application guidelines. Phase Two is approximately 50% complete; progress to date and a vision for the final product of the PSI Toolbox are described. The needs of the power industry for specialized system identification methods are particularly acute. The industry is currently pushing to operate transmission systems much closer to theoretical limits by using real-time, large-scale control systems to dictate power flows and maintain dynamic stability. Reliably maintaining stability requires extensive system-dynamic modeling and analysis capability, including measurement-based methods. To serve this need, the BPA has developed specialized system-identification computer codes through in-house efforts and university contract research over the last several years. To make full integrated use of the codes, as well as other techniques, the BPA has commissioned Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to further develop the codes and techniques into the PSI Toolbox.

Trudnowski, D.J.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Identification Strategies in Survey Response Using Vignettes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the price of various identification assumptions. 4A common distributional assumption used in these models is normality. For M > 1 this gives rise to the multivariate ordered probit model. 7 assuming scale homogeneity in the form of constant threshold... -reported life satisfaction in Table 4 we note that in Italy and the Czech Republic only 7% of the respondents are Very Satisfied with their life while in Denmark this percentage is 41% and in Sweden is 31%. It is also interesting to note that in Italy...

Corrado, Luisa; Weeks, Melvyn

438

Protein Identification Using Top-Down. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - SeptemberMicroneedles for4-16HamadaBaO/Al2O3ProtectingIdentification Using

439

BLIND IDENTIFICATION OF UNDERDETERMINED MIXTURES BASED ON THE HEXACOVARIANCE AND HIGHER-ORDER CYCLOSTATIONARITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BLIND IDENTIFICATION OF UNDERDETERMINED MIXTURES BASED ON THE HEXACOVARIANCE AND HIGHER consider the problem of blind identification of un- derdetermined mixtures in a cyclostationary context hexacovariance. Two blind identification algorithms based on the proposed estima- tor are considered

Boyer, Edmond

440

Planning, Execution, and Analysis of the Meridian UAS Flight Test Program Including System and Parameter Identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this Master Thesis is to present the flight test procedures, planning, and analysis including system identification, parameter identification, and drag calculations of the Meridian UAS. The system identification is performed using...

Tom, Jonathan

2010-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

WEATHER, p. 2 Volume 132, Number 18 Friday, April 13, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

°f | 45°f Partly cloudy SAT: 69°f | 53°f Partly cloudy SuN: 72°f | 57°f Chance of showers puTIN, ROuNd THREE How did Putin get elected a third time? opinion, p. 5 HOW dId THE COSmOS START? Impey's new guide

442

Probing lepton number violation on three frontiers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutrinoless double beta decay constitutes the main probe for lepton number violation at low energies, motivated by the expected Majorana nature of the light but massive neutrinos. On the other hand, the theoretical interpretation of the (non-)observation of this process is not straightforward as the Majorana neutrinos can destructively interfere in their contribution and many other New Physics mechanisms can additionally mediate the process. We here highlight the potential of combining neutrinoless double beta decay with searches for Tritium decay, cosmological observations and LHC physics to improve the quantitative insight into the neutrino properties and to unravel potential sources of lepton number violation.

Deppisch, Frank F. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London (United Kingdom)

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

443

Compare Activities by Number of Employees  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 633 622 56623 4623 42 180Number of BuildingsNumber of

444

NEW DIRECTIONS IN RADIOISOTOPE SPECTRUM IDENTIFICATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent studies have found the performance of commercial handheld detectors with automatic RIID software to be less than acceptable. Previously, we have explored approaches rooted in speech processing such as cepstral features and information-theoretic measures. Scientific advances are often made when researchers identify mathematical or physical commonalities between different fields and are able to apply mature techniques or algorithms developed in one field to another field which shares some of the same challenges. The authors of this paper have identified similarities between the unsolved problems faced in gamma-spectroscopy for automated radioisotope identification and the challenges of the much larger body of research in speech processing. Our research has led to a probabilistic framework for describing and solving radioisotope identification problems. Many heuristic approaches to classification in current use, including for radioisotope classification, make implicit probabilistic assumptions which are not clear to the users and, if stated explicitly, might not be considered desirable. Our framework leads to a classification approach with demonstrable improvements using standard feature sets on proof-of-concept simulated and field-collected data.

Salaymeh, S.; Jeffcoat, R.

2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

445

System Identification and Modelling of a High Performance Hydraulic Actuator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

System Identification and Modelling of a High Performance Hydraulic Actuator Benoit Boulet, Laeeque with the experimental identification and modelling of the nonlinear dynamics ofa high performance hydraulic actuator. The actuator properties and performance are also discussed. 1 Introduction Hydraulic actuation used to be

Hayward, Vincent

446

Copyright 1997 Carnegie Mellon University Gas Identification System using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © 1997 Carnegie Mellon University Gas Identification System using Graded Temperature are observed. Emphasis is on identification, since quantitation of identified mixtures is straightforward by the sensor bulk is decreased. Thus if an SnO2 sensor is ramped through an appropriate temperature range

Siegel, Mel

447

Symbolic identification for fault detection in aircraft gas turbine engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Symbolic identification for fault detection in aircraft gas turbine engines S Chakraborty, S Sarkar and computationally inexpensive technique of component-level fault detection in aircraft gas-turbine engines identification, gas turbine engines, language-theoretic analysis 1 INTRODUCTION The propulsion system of modern

Ray, Asok

448

Comparison of four procedures for the identification of hybrid systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of four procedures for the identification of hybrid systems A.Lj. Juloski1 , W.niessen@nyquist.com Abstract. In this paper we compare four recently proposed procedures for the identification of PieceWise AutoRegressive eXogenous (PWARX) and switched ARX models. We consider the clustering-based procedure

449

A Quasilinearization Approach for Parameter Identification in a Nonlinear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(input), T = prescribed final time, 2, 4, 6, 1, are positive constants --depending on the material beingA Quasilinearization Approach for Parameter Identification in a Nonlinear Model of Shape Memory problem in an appropriate Hilbert Space. A quasilinearization-based algorithm for parameter identification

Morin, Pedro

450

Fast 3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast 3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification June 2011 Authors Anselmo., & Chen, A. (2011). Fast 3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification. (Prepared by RTI..................................................10 Summary and Findings for Integration of Imperceptible Structured Lighting and SIS's 3D Snapshot

McShea, Daniel W.

451

Blind channel identification and extraction of more sources than sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blind channel identification and extraction of more sources than sensors P. Comonba a I3S that a static system with more inputs (sources) than outputs (sensors, or channels) cannot be blindly identified blind identification problem. Here, in order to demonstrate its feasibility, the procedure is detailed

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

452

Blind Channel Identification for the Emitter Location Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a thesis entitled "Blind Channel Identification for the Emitter Location Problem: A Least Square ApproachBlind Channel Identification for the Emitter Location Problem: A Least Square Approach BY Cheung C. Chau B.S.E.E., Binghamton University, 2000 Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements

Fowler, Mark

453

A METHODOLOGY FOR IDENTIFICATION OF NARMAX MODELS APPLIED TO DIESEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A METHODOLOGY FOR IDENTIFICATION OF NARMAX MODELS APPLIED TO DIESEL ENGINES 1 Gianluca Zito ,2 Ioan is illustrated by means of an automotive case study, namely a variable geometry turbocharged diesel engine identification procedure is illustrated. In section 3 a diesel engine system, used to test the procedure

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

454

Weed Identification: Using Plant Structures as a Key  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paul A. Baumann Professor and Extension W eed Specialist, The T exas A&M University System. B-6079 3-99 U si n g P lan t S t r u ct u r e s a s a Ke y W eed Identification: eed identification is necessary to the success of any...

Baumann, Paul A.

2002-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

455

Video Source Identification in Lossy Wireless Networks Shaxun Chen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Video Source Identification in Lossy Wireless Networks Shaxun Chen , Amit Pande , Kai Zeng@ucdavis.edu, kzeng@umich.edu, pmohapatra@ucdavis.edu Abstract-- Video source identification is very important in valida- ting video evidence, tracking down video piracy crimes and regu- lating individual video sources

California at Davis, University of

456

Ris-R-1334(EN) Identification of Damage to Wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ris-R-1334(EN) Identification of Damage to Wind Turbine Blades by Modal Parameter Estimation April 2002 #12;Ris-R-1334(EN) Identification of Damage to Wind Turbine Blades by Modal Parameter condition monitoring of wind turbine blades (Phase I)". The goal of Phase I is to make a pre

457

Developing a SNP panel for forensic identification of individuals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developing a SNP panel for forensic identification of individuals Kenneth K. Kidd a,*, Andrew J) are likely in the near future to have a fundamental role in forensics in both human identification www.elsevier.com/locate/forsciint Forensic Science International 164 (2006) 20­32 * Corresponding

Kidd, Kenneth

458

Forensic identification: the Island Problem and its generalisations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forensic identification: the Island Problem and its generalisations Klaas Slooten and Ronald Meester April 26, 2010 Abstract In forensics it is a classical problem to determine, when a suspect by a likelihood ratio. Keywords: Island problem, Forensic identification, Weight of evidence, Posterior odds

Meester, Ronald

459

Ramanujan's Harmonic Number Expansion into Negative Powers of a Triangular Number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An algebraic transformation of the DeTemple-Wang half-integer approximation to the harmonic series produces the general formula and error estimate for the Ramanujan expansion for the nth harmonic number into negative powers of the nth triangular number. We also discuss the history of the Ramanujan expansion for the nth harmonic number as well as sharp estimates of its accuracy, with complete proofs, and we compare it with other approximative formulas.

Mark B. Villarino

2007-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

460

Mass-induced transition in fermion number  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that if we increase the mass of fermions in interaction with a topological (kink) scalar background in 1+1 dimensions, the fractional fermion number of the system will eventually vanish. The transition is sharp and corresponds to the disappearance of localized states from the spectrum of a Dirac operator which is exactly solvable. Possible applications to different physical systems are discussed.

Aragao de Carvalho, C.; Pureza, J. M.

1989-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Fast K System Generators of Pseudorandom Numbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest fast algorithm for the matrix generator of pseudorandom numbers based on Kolmogorov-Anosov K systems which has been earliar proposed in \\cite{savvidy1,akopov1}. This algorithm reduces $N^{2}$ operation of the matrix generator to $NlnN$ and essentially reduces the generation time. It also clarifies the algebraic structure of this type of K system generators.

Akopov, N Z; Nersessian, A B; Savvidy, G K; Greiner, W

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Fast K System Generators of Pseudorandom Numbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest fast algorithm for the matrix generator of pseudorandom numbers based on Kolmogorov-Anosov K systems which has been earliar proposed in \\cite{savvidy1,akopov1}. This algorithm reduces $N^{2}$ operation of the matrix generator to $NlnN$ and essentially reduces the generation time. It also clarifies the algebraic structure of this type of K system generators.

N. Z. Akopov; E. M. Madounts; A. B. Nersesian; G. K. Savvidy; W. Greiner

1993-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

463

Write your extension number on this card.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and slide it down. Press here to remove the stand. 1 Use the key hole slots on the stand to mark Press here jack. illustrations. for a secure fit. T7100 Telephone User Card 1-800-4 NORTEL www of your display. 1. Press . 2. Press / to to select a contrast level. The higher the number the higher

464

Estimate octane numbers using an enhanced method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An improved model, based on the Twu-Coon method, is not only internally consistent, but also retains the same level of accuracy as the previous model in predicting octanes of gasoline blends. The enhanced model applies the same binary interaction parameters to components in each gasoline cut and their blends. Thus, the enhanced model can blend gasoline cuts in any order, in any combination or from any splitting of gasoline cuts and still yield the identical value of octane number for blending the same number of gasoline cuts. Setting binary interaction parameters to zero for identical gasoline cuts during the blending process is not required. The new model changes the old model`s methodology so that the same binary interaction parameters can be applied between components inside a gasoline cut as are applied to the same components between gasoline cuts. The enhanced model is more consistent in methodology than the original model, but it has equal accuracy for predicting octane numbers of gasoline blends, and it has the same number of binary interaction parameters. The paper discusses background, enhancement of the Twu-Coon interaction model, and three examples: blend of 2 identical gasoline cuts, blend of 3 gasoline cuts, and blend of the same 3 gasoline cuts in a different order.

Twu, C.H.; Coon, J.E. [Simulation Sciences Inc., Brea, CA (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Student's Department: Course/Section Number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Student's Department: Course/Section Number: Course Title: Instructor: Explanation of why coursework has not yet been completed: Description of coursework remaining to be completed: Graduate Student is Requested: Arts & Sciences Students: Shriver Hall 28 (Graduate Affairs and Admissions Office) Engineering

Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

466

STUDENT HANDBOOK Table of Contents Page Number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDENT HANDBOOK Campus #12;Table of Contents Page Number Welcome 1 The School 1 Mission Statement Student Resources 8 Financial Aid and Funding Sources Writing Supports 9 Special Needs Computers Libraries RefWorks 10 Student Services 11 Administrative Information 14 Student ID, and Email Accounts U of R

Saskatchewan, University of

467

Policy Title: Policy Number: Facilities and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

been supported by the federal government since that time. Indirect costs are also called "Facilities and Administrative" or F&A costs. These costs include facilities costs such as electricity, heating and airPolicy Title: Policy Number: Facilities and Administrative Distribution 2.1.11 Category: Financial

Papautsky, Ian

468

Master Project Assessment Form Student: ID number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Master Project Assessment Form Student: ID number: Master Program: Graduation supervisor Graduation presentation Defense Execution of the project Grade Signature of supervisor Date * Hand in at the student administration (MF 3.068) together with an official result form (uitslagbon) #12;"Master Project

Franssen, Michael

469

Volume 53, Number 01 January 5, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Nos. 1,137,120--1,137,819 T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S Abstract Page Number GEOLOGY...................................................................53 ..............1,137,528 PRODUCING OIL & GAS/affirmative action institution. #12;GEOLOGY GEOLOGY ALASKA 1,137,120 DEVELOPMENT OF PETROLEUM SYSTEMS IN NORTHERN

Reynolds, Albert C.

470

Project Name Project Number Tagging Type  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Name Project Number Primary Tagging Type Secondary Tagging Type Fish Species Tagging/ Secondary Legal Driver (BiOp, MOA, Accord, etc.) Tagging Purpose Funded Entity Tagging Location Retrieval CWT Recovery Project 2010-036-00 CWT PIT Chinook, coho retrieval, analysis, address PSMFC sampling

471

Paper Number (Assigned by IFPE Staff)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paper Number (Assigned by IFPE Staff) Compressed Air Energy Storage for Offshore Wind Turbines pumped hydro, compressed air energy storage, a variety of battery chemistries, capacitors, flywheels of this paper, compressed air energy storage, is highly scalable, reasonably inexpensive, provides moderate ramp

Li, Perry Y.

472

Report Number: _____________ UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT HEALTH CENTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report Number: _____________ UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT HEALTH CENTER EMPLOYEE SAFETY HAZARD REPORT health, life or property are to be reported by phone to "7777" on campus and "911" off campus. Employees are to use this form to report other hazards. The employee is then to distribute copies of this completed

Kim, Duck O.

473

Reference number ISO 8601:2004(E)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reference number ISO 8601:2004(E) ISO 2004 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 8601 Third edition 2004'heure #12;ISO 8601:2004(E) PDF disclaimer This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance. The ISO Central Secretariat accepts no liability in this area. Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems

Wu, Shiliang

474

The New Element Curium (Atomic Number 96)  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

Two isotopes of the element with atomic number 96 have been produced by the helium-ion bombardment of plutonium. The name curium, symbol Cm, is proposed for element 96. The chemical experiments indicate that the most stable oxidation state of curium is the III state.

Seaborg, G. T.; James, R. A.; Ghiorso, A.

1948-00-00T23:59:59.000Z

475

Building Grassmann Numbers from PI-Algebras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This works deals with the formal mathematical structure of so called Grassmann Numbers applied to Theoretical Physics, which is a basic concept on Berezin integration. To achieve this purpose we make use of some constructions from relative modern Polynomial Identity Algebras (PI-Algebras) applied to the special case of the Grassmann algebra.

Ricardo M. Bentin; Sergio Mota

2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

476

Paper Number: 023084 An ASAE Meeting Presentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

applications. In these terms, quality comprehends all factors influencing the system like accuracy, speedPaper Number: 023084 An ASAE Meeting Presentation Spatio-Temporal Quality of Precision Farming and Land Management, Chair of Geodesy, Arcisstrasse 21, D 80290 Munich Written for presentation

477

EMPLACEMENT GANTRY ITS STANDARDS IDENTIFICATION STUDY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To date, the project has established ITS performance requirements for SSCs based on identification and categorization of event sequences that may result in a radiological release. These performance requirements are defined within the NSDB. Further, SSCs credited with performing safe functions are classified as ITS. In turn, perform confirmation for these SSCs is sought through the use of consensus code and standards. The purpose of this study is to identify applicable codes and standards for the WP Emplacement Gantry ITS SSCs. Further, this study will form the basis for selection and the extent of applicability of each code and standard. This study is based on the design development completed for LA only. Accordingly, identification of ITS SSCs beyond those defined within the NSDB are based on designs that may be subject to further development during detail design. Furthermore, several design alternatives may still be under consideration to satisfy certain safety functions, and that final selection will not be determined until further design development has occurred. Therefore, for completeness, throughout this study alternative designs currently under considered will be discussed. Further, the results of this study will be subject to evaluation as part of a follow-on GAP analysis study. Based on the results of this study the GAP analysis will evaluate each code and standard to ensure each ITS performance requirement is fully satisfied. When a performance requirement is not fully satisfied a ''gap'' is highlighted. Thereafter, the study will identify supplemental requirements to augment the code or standard to meet performance requirements. Further, the GAP analysis will identify non-standard areas of the design that will be subject to a Development Plan. Non-standard components and non-standard design configurations are defined as areas of the design that do not follow standard industry practices or codes and standards. Whereby, performance confirmation cannot be readily sought though use of consensus standards. The ITS codes and standards identified in this document were developed by the Yucca Mountain Project personnel from the Emplacement & Retrieval Project and are intended solely for the use of the Design and Engineering group in its work regarding the Emplacement and Retrieval system, specifically identification of Emplacement and Retrieval equipment codes and standards.

M. Voegele

2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

478

Number Plastic Type Common Items Number of Items (tally) 1 polyethylene terephthalate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

End Time: Number Plastic Type Common Items Number of Items (tally) 1 polyethylene terephthalate and vegetable oil containers; ovenable food trays. 2 high density polyethylene Milk jugs, juice bottles; bleach, piping, candy wrappers 4 low density polyethylene Squeezable bottles; bread, frozen food, dry cleaning

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

479

Sensitivity in risk analyses with uncertain numbers.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sensitivity analysis is a study of how changes in the inputs to a model influence the results of the model. Many techniques have recently been proposed for use when the model is probabilistic. This report considers the related problem of sensitivity analysis when the model includes uncertain numbers that can involve both aleatory and epistemic uncertainty and the method of calculation is Dempster-Shafer evidence theory or probability bounds analysis. Some traditional methods for sensitivity analysis generalize directly for use with uncertain numbers, but, in some respects, sensitivity analysis for these analyses differs from traditional deterministic or probabilistic sensitivity analyses. A case study of a dike reliability assessment illustrates several methods of sensitivity analysis, including traditional probabilistic assessment, local derivatives, and a ''pinching'' strategy that hypothetically reduces the epistemic uncertainty or aleatory uncertainty, or both, in an input variable to estimate the reduction of uncertainty in the outputs. The prospects for applying the methods to black box models are also considered.

Tucker, W. Troy; Ferson, Scott

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Riemann zeros, prime numbers and fractal potentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using two distinct inversion techniques, the local one-dimensional potentials for the Riemann zeros and prime number sequence are reconstructed. We establish that both inversion techniques, when applied to the same set of levels, lead to the same fractal potential. This provides numerical evidence that the potential obtained by inversion of a set of energy levels is unique in one-dimension. We also investigate the fractal properties of the reconstructed potentials and estimate the fractal dimensions to be $D=1.5$ for the Riemann zeros and $D = 1.8$ for the prime numbers. This result is somewhat surprising since the nearest-neighbour spacings of the Riemann zeros are known to be chaotically distributed whereas the primes obey almost poisson-like statistics. Our findings show that the fractal dimension is dependent on both the level-statistics and spectral rigidity, $\\Delta_3$, of the energy levels.

Brandon P. van Zyl; D. A. W. Hutchinson

2003-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "identification number tin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Finite-particle-number approach to physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Starting from a discrete, self-generating and self-organizing, recursive model and self-consistent interpretive rules we construct: the scale constants of physics (3,10,137,1.7x10/sup 38/); 3+1 Minkowski space with a discrete metric and the algebraic bound ..delta.. is an element of ..delta.. tau is greater than or equal to 1; the Einstein-deBroglie relation; algebraic double slit interference; a single-time momentum-space scattering theory connected to laboratory experience; an approximation to wave functions; local phase severance and hence both distant correlations and separability; baryon number, lepton number, charge and helicity; m/sub p//m/sub e/; a cosmology not in disagreement with current observations.

Noyes, H.P.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Identification marking by means of laser peening  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a method and apparatus for marking components by inducing a shock wave on the surface that results in an indented (strained) layer and a residual compressive stress in the surface layer. One embodiment of the laser peenmarking system rapidly imprints, with single laser pulses, a complete identification code or three-dimensional pattern and leaves the surface in a state of deep residual compressive stress. A state of compressive stress in parts made of metal or other materials is highly desirable to make them resistant to fatigue failure and stress corrosion cracking. This process employs a laser peening system and beam spatial modulation hardware or imaging technology that can be setup to impress full three dimensional patterns into metal surfaces at the pulse rate of the laser, a rate that is at least an order of magnitude faster than competing marking technologies.

Hackel, Lloyd A. (Livermore, CA); Dane, C. Brent (Livermore, CA); Harris, Fritz (Rocklin, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Identification of Metal Reductases using Proteomic Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Central to the NABIR goal to develop the scientific basis for in situ remediation of radioactive contaminants is the fundamental understanding of microorganisms with dissimilatory metal reducing activity. In order to effectively exploit these bacteria, it is necessary to know which enzymes and pathways are involved. Additionally, it would be advantageous to understand the similarities and differences of these pathways across different bacteria for effective deployment in bioremediation, as well as to identify new microbes capable of such activities. Most approaches to identify these enzymes or enzyme complexes rely on biochemical purification to homogeneity with subsequent Nterminal sequencing of digested peptides. However, loss of activity before achieving purity often necessitates repetition of the entire process. Newly developed proteomics capabilities at PNNL allow for the identification of many proteins from a single sample through mass spectrometry analysis.

Lipton, Mary

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Aquifer Structure Identification Using Stochastic Inversion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study presents a stochastic inverse method for aquifer structure identification using sparse geophysical and hydraulic response data. The method is based on updating structure parameters from a transition probability model to iteratively modify the aquifer structure and parameter zonation. The method is extended to the adaptive parameterization of facies hydraulic parameters by including these parameters as optimization variables. The stochastic nature of the statistical structure parameters leads to nonconvex objective functions. A multi-method genetically adaptive evolutionary approach (AMALGAM-SO) was selected to perform the inversion given its search capabilities. Results are obtained as a probabilistic assessment of facies distribution based on indicator cokriging simulation of the optimized structural parameters. The method is illustrated by estimating the structure and facies hydraulic parameters of a synthetic example with a transient hydraulic response.

Harp, Dylan R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dai, Zhenxue [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wolfsberg, Andrew V [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vrugt, Jasper A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Positive materials identification of existing equipment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Considerable engineering effort and expertise are expended for materials selection at refining and petrochemical facilities. However, the benefits of this effort are undermined if there is an inadvertent material substitution during construction. Although procedures have always been in place to reduce the chance of such substitutions, it is known that these errors have occurred. Accordingly, over the years the industry has periodically reviewed and improved quality control in this effort. However, many older facilities that did not benefit from today`s procedures are still in operation. As a consequence, some companies have conducted positive material identification (PMI) verification of existing equipment. This process is further complicated by the fact that the most susceptible components are typically insulated and must be located. Once located, accessibility and operating temperatures are complicating issues. This paper describes prioritization issues and hardware tradeoffs for conducting a PMI verification program.

Wolf, H.A. [Exxon Research and Engineering Co., Florham Park, NJ (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Model Identification for Optimal Diesel Emissions Control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we develop a model based con- troller for diesel emission reduction using system identification methods. Specifically, our method minimizes the downstream readings from a production NOx sensor while injecting a minimal amount of urea upstream. Based on the linear quadratic estimator we derive the closed form solution to a cost function that accounts for the case some of the system inputs are not controllable. Our cost function can also be tuned to trade-off between input usage and output optimization. Our approach performs better than a production controller in simulation. Our NOx conversion efficiency was 92.7% while the production controller achieved 92.4%. For NH3 conversion, our efficiency was 98.7% compared to 88.5% for the production controller.

Stevens, Andrew J.; Sun, Yannan; Song, Xiaobo; Parker, Gordon

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

487

Photometric Identification of Cool White Dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the use of a narrow-band DDO51 filter for photometric identification of cool white dwarfs. We report photometric observations of 30 known cool white dwarfs with temperatures ranging from 10,000 K down to very cool temperatures (<3500 K). Follow-up spectroscopic observations of a sample of objects selected using this filter and our photometric observations show that DDO51 filter photometry can help select cool white dwarf candidates for follow-up multi--object spectroscopy by rejecting 65% of main sequence stars with the same broad--band colors as the cool white dwarfs. This technique is not selective enough to efficiently feed single--object spectrographs. We present the white dwarf cooling sequence using this filter. Our observations show that very cool white dwarfs form a sequence in the r-DDO vs. r-z color--color diagram and demonstrate that significant improvements are needed in white dwarf model atmospheres.

M. Kilic; D. E. Winget; Ted von Hippel; C. F. Claver

2004-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

488

Small Ramsey Numbers Stanislaw P. Radziszowski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, March 25 ElJC revision #3 1997, July 11 ElJC revision #4 1998, July 9 ElJC revision #5 1999, July 5 El of Technology Rochester, NY 14623, spr@cs.rit.edu http://www.cs.rit.edu/~spr Submitted: June 11, 1994; Revision Subject Number 05C55 Revisions 1993, February preliminary version, RIT-TR-93-009 [Ra2] 1994, July 3 first

Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

489

Texas Rice, Volume VI, Number 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a large number of questions from the audience. The biofuels topic is so critical to Texas agriculture that it is likely that I will be discussing it from time to time during the next several issues. In many states, the biofuels boat is rapidly... gaining speed. Some states are providing monetary incentives for businesses to establish production plants. Some states see tremendous value in biofuels research, and are providing broad-based funding to foster research focusing on increasing ethanol...

490

Climate Zone Number 5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanicPower Address: 13615Boulder27. Logo: TheNumber

491

Texas Rice, Volume VI, Number 7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Texas A&M University System Agricultural Research and Extension Center Beaumont, Texas September 2006 Volume VI Number 7 Texas A Tribute to Henry M. Hank Beachell Henry Monroe Beachell, co- recipient of the 1996 World Food Prize... was the need for additional research, particularly addressing the development of rice varieties that compete more effectively with weed species, and the development of improved weed and fertilizer management options. The U.S. organic market is projected...

492

The number counts, luminosity functions and evolution of microwave-selected (WMAP) blazars and radio galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Abridged) We carried out an extensive search to identify the counterparts of all the sources listed in the WMAP 3-yr catalogue using literature and archival data. Our work led to the identification of 309 WMAP sources, 98% of which are blazars, radio quasars or radio galaxies. At present, 15 objects still remain without identification due to the lack of optical spectroscopic data or a clear radio counterpart. Our results allow us to define a flux limited sample of 203 high Galactic latitude microwave sources ($f_{41GHz} \\ge 1$ Jy, $|b_{\\rm II}| > 15^\\circ$) which is virtually completely identified (99%). The microwave band is ideally suited for blazar statistical studies since this is the part of the em spectrum that is least affected by the superposition of spectral components of different origin. Using this data-set we derived number counts, luminosity functions and cosmological evolution of blazars and radio galaxies at microwave frequencies. Our results are in good agreement with those found at radio fre...

Giommi, P; Padovani, P; Gasparrini, D; Cavazzuti, E; Cutini, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Identification of Small RNAs in Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Desulfovibrio vulgaris is an anaerobic sulfate-reducing bacterium capable of facilitating the removal of toxic metals such as uranium from contaminated sites via reduction. As such, it is essential to understand the intricate regulatory cascades involved in how D. vulgaris and its relatives respond to stressors in such sites. One approach is the identification and analysis of small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs); molecules ranging in size from 20-200 nucleotides that predominantly affect gene regulation by binding to complementary mRNA in an anti-sense fashion and therefore provide an immediate regulatory response. To identify sRNAs in D. vulgaris, a bacterium that does not possess an annotated hfq gene, RNA was pooled from stationary and exponential phases, nitrate exposure, and biofilm conditions. The subsequent RNA was size fractionated, modified, and converted to cDNA for high throughput transcriptomic deep sequencing. A computational approach to identify sRNAs via the alignment of seven separate Desulfovibrio genomes was also performed. From the deep sequencing analysis, 2,296 reads between 20 and 250 nt were identified with expression above genome background. Analysis of those reads limited the number of candidates to ~;;87 intergenic, while ~;;140 appeared to be antisense to annotated open reading frames (ORFs). Further BLAST analysis of the intergenic candidates and other Desulfovibrio genomes indicated that eight candidates were likely portions of ORFs not previously annotated in the D. vulgaris genome. Comparison of the intergenic and antisense data sets to the bioinformatical predicted candidates, resulted in ~;;54 common candidates. Current approaches using Northern analysis and qRT-PCR are being used toverify expression of the candidates and to further develop the role these sRNAs play in D. vulgaris regulation.

Burns, Andrew; Joachimiak, Marcin; Deutschbauer, Adam; Arkin, Adam; Bender, Kelly

2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

494

Radio-frequency identification could help reduce the spread of plant pathogens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

frequency identification could help reduce the spread ofeconomic losses. It also helps control the Plant Protection

Luvisi, Andrea; Panattoni, Alessandra; Triolo, Enrico

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Algorithms for the Automatic Identification of MARFEs and UFOs in JET Database of Visible Camera Videos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Algorithms for the Automatic Identification of MARFEs and UFOs in JET Database of Visible Camera Videos

496

Halo occupation numbers and galaxy bias  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a heuristic model that displays the main features of realistic theories for galaxy bias. We show that the low-order clustering statistics of the dark-matter distribution depend almost entirely on the locations and density profiles of dark-matter haloes. A hypothetical galaxy catalogue depends on (i) the efficiency of galaxy formation, as manifested by the halo occupation number -- the number of galaxies brighter than some sample limit contained in a halo of a given mass; (ii) the location of these galaxies within their halo. The first factor is constrained by the empirical luminosity function of groups. For the second factor, we assume that one galaxy marks the halo centre, with any remaining galaxies acting as satellites that trace the halo mass. These simple assumptions amount to a recipe for non-local bias, in which the probability of finding a galaxy is not a simple function of its local mass density. We have applied this prescription to some CDM models of current interest, and find that the predictions are close to the observed galaxy correlations for a flat $\\Omega=0.3$ model ($\\Lambda$CDM), but not for an $\\Omega=1$ model with the same power spectrum ($\\tau$CDM). This is an inevitable consequence of cluster normalization for the power spectra: cluster-scale haloes of given mass have smaller core radii for high $\\Omega$, and hence display enhanced small-scale clustering. Finally, the pairwise velocity dispersion of galaxies in the $\\Lambda$CDM model is lower than that of the mass, allowing cluster-normalized models to yield a realistic Mach number for the peculiar velocity field. This is largely due to the strong variation of galaxy-formation efficiency with halo mass that is required in this model.

J. A. Peacock; R. E. Smith

2000-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

497

Identification of threats using linguistics-based knowledge extraction.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the challenges increasingly facing intelligence analysts, along with professionals in many other fields, is the vast amount of data which needs to be reviewed and converted into meaningful information, and ultimately into rational, wise decisions by policy makers. The advent of the world wide web (WWW) has magnified this challenge. A key hypothesis which has guided us is that threats come from ideas (or ideology), and ideas are almost always put into writing before the threats materialize. While in the past the 'writing' might have taken the form of pamphlets or books, today's medium of choice is the WWW, precisely because it is a decentralized, flexible, and low-cost method of reaching a wide audience. However, a factor which complicates matters for the analyst is that material published on the WWW may be in any of a large number of languages. In 'Identification of Threats Using Linguistics-Based Knowledge Extraction', we have sought to use Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) and other similar text analysis techniques to map documents from the WWW, in whatever language they were originally written, to a common language-independent vector-based representation. This then opens up a number of possibilities. First, similar documents can be found across language boundaries. Secondly, a set of documents in multiple languages can be visualized in a graphical representation. These alone offer potentially useful tools and capabilities to the intelligence analyst whose knowledge of foreign languages may be limited. Finally, we can test the over-arching hypothesis--that ideology, and more specifically ideology which represents a threat, can be detected solely from the words which express the ideology--by using the vector-based representation of documents to predict additional features (such as the ideology) within a framework based on supervised learning. In this report, we present the results of a three-year project of the same name. We believe these results clearly demonstrate the general feasibility of an approach such as that outlined above. Nevertheless, there are obstacles which must still be overcome, relating primarily to how 'ideology' should be defined. We discuss these and point to possible solutions.

Chew, Peter A.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Texas Rice, Volume VI, Number 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

responsible for oversight of GM re- search. According to the report released in De- cember of 2005, the OIG found several shortcom- ings in the protocols APHIS had in place to monitor transgenic re- search. According to the re- port, the number of ap- proved..., causing widespread devastation of commercialized crops. Due, in part, to intense public concern regarding GMOs, the USDAs Office of the Inspector General (OIG) launched a review of the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), the agency...

499

Texas Rice, Volume VII, Number 7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Texas A&M University System Agricultural Research and Extension Center Beaumont, Texas September 2007 Volume VII Number 7 Texas Rice Nobel Peace Prize Recipient Dr. Norman Borlaug continued on page 4 September of 2003 was a time etched... Tabien, and Dr. Lee Tarpley. Four years ago this month, the Texas A&M Research and Exten- sion Center at Beaumont was hon- ored to welcome one of the most influential people in agriculture. Nobel Peace Prize recipient, Dr. Norman Borlaug, has a long...

500

Health Code Number (HCN) Development Procedure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides the detailed description of health code numbers (HCNs) and the procedure of how each HCN is assigned. It contains many guidelines and rationales of HCNs. HCNs are used in the chemical mixture methodology (CMM), a method recommended by the department of energy (DOE) for assessing health effects as a result of exposures to airborne aerosols in an emergency. The procedure is a useful tool for proficient HCN code developers. Intense training and quality assurance with qualified HCN developers are required before an individual comprehends the procedure to develop HCNs for DOE.

Petrocchi, Rocky; Craig, Douglas K.; Bond, Jayne-Anne; Trott, Donna M.; Yu, Xiao-Ying

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z