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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law January 29, 2013 - 9:54am Addthis What are the key facts? Empirical models are generally most useful in describing conditions close to the experiments used to develop or calibrate them. Predictive tools are essential to understanding phenomena that can not be described experimentally, like used fuel behavior over thousands of years in a repository. Predictability is measured by understanding errors where they are introduced as well as to what degree they are quantified. To appreciate the distinction between curve fitting and what it means for a tool to be truly predictive it might help to consider how the ideal gas law was developed. In 1663, Robert Boyle performed a series of experiments at room temperature

2

Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law January 29, 2013 - 9:54am Addthis What are the key facts? Empirical models are generally most useful in describing conditions close to the experiments used to develop or calibrate them. Predictive tools are essential to understanding phenomena that can not be described experimentally, like used fuel behavior over thousands of years in a repository. Predictability is measured by understanding errors where they are introduced as well as to what degree they are quantified. To appreciate the distinction between curve fitting and what it means for a tool to be truly predictive it might help to consider how the ideal gas law was developed. In 1663, Robert Boyle performed a series of experiments at room temperature

3

OBTAINING LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS FOR IDEAL GASES USING ELASTIC COLLISIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OBTAINING LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS FOR IDEAL GASES USING ELASTIC COLLISIONS STEPHEN MONTGOMERY law of expansion of ideal gases. 1. The Second Law of Thermodynamics A thermally isolated container-SMITH AND HANNAH MORGAN Abstract. The purpose of this note is to see to what extent ideal gas laws can be obtained

Montgomery-Smith, Stephen

4

First Law of Thermodynamics Two closed thermodynamic cycles for an ideal gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

positive because W is negative and U = W + Q = 0 Demo:steam engine #12;2 A cylinder with initial volume V convertible has an eight-cylinder engine. At the beginning of its compression stroke, one of the cylinders.72 x 106 Pa. What is the final temperature of the gas in an engine cylinder after the compression

Winokur, Michael

5

Ideal-Modified Bosonic Gas Trapped in an Arbitrary Three Dimensional Power-Law Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the effects caused by an anomalous single-particle dispersion relation suggested in several quantum-gravity models, upon the thermodynamics of a Bose-Einstein condensate trapped in a generic 3-dimensional power-law potential. We prove that the shift in the condensation temperature, caused by a deformed dispersion relation, described as a non-trivial function of the number of particles and the shape associated to the corresponding trap, could provide bounds for the parameters associated to such deformation. Additionally, we calculate the fluctuations in the number of particles as a criterium of thermodynamic stability for these systems. We show that the apparent instability caused by the anomalous fluctuations in the thermodynamic limit can be suppressed considering the lowest energy associated to the system in question.

E. Castellanos; C. Laemmerzahl

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

6

Thermodynamics of Ideal Gas in Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The equation of state and the state functions for the gravitational source are necessary conditions for solving cosmological model and stellar structure. The usual treatments are directly based on the laws of thermodynamics, and the physical meanings of some concepts are obscure. This letter show that, we can actually derive all explicit fundamental state functions for the ideal gas in the context of cosmology via rigorous dynamical and statistical calculation. These relations have clear physical meanings, and are valid in both non-relativistic and ultra-relativistic cases. Some features of the equation of state are important for a stable structure of a star with huge mass.

Ying-Qiu Gu

2007-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

7

Ideal gas matching for thermal Galilean holography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We exhibit a nonrelativistic ideal gas with a Kaluza-Klein tower of species, featuring a singular behavior of thermodynamic functions at zero chemical potential. In this way, we provide a qualitative match to the thermodynamics of recently found black holes in backgrounds with asymptotic nonrelativistic conformal symmetry.

Jose L. F. Barbon; Carlos A. Fuertes

2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

8

College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law New LLM in Oil and Gas Law launched to complement our other internationally acclaimed LLM degrees NEW Holman Fenwick Willan is proud to sponsor the LLM Prize in Oil and Gas impressive range of courses on maritime and commercial law, the new LLM in Oil and Gas Law will allow

Martin, Ralph R.

9

On the ideal gas law Jacques Arnaud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on their container walls". Lastly, Carnot wrote more precisely circa 1830: "Heat is nothing else but motive power, or rather another form of motion. When motive power is destroyed, heat is generated precisely in proportion of the motive power destroyed. Likewise, when heat is destroyed, motive power is generated ". Experimental

10

Gas Safety Law (Florida)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This law authorizes the establishment of rules and regulations covering the design, fabrication, installation, inspection, testing and safety standards for installation, operation and maintenance...

11

Scaling Dynamics of a Massive Piston in a Cube Filled With Ideal Gas: Exact Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scaling Dynamics of a Massive Piston in a Cube Filled With Ideal Gas: Exact Results N. Chernov 1 of a piston in a cubical container of large size L filled with an ideal gas. The piston has mass M # L 2 heuristically that the motion of the piston and the one particle distribution of the gas satisfy autonomous

12

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Laws and Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas » Laws & Incentives Natural Gas » Laws & Incentives Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Laws and Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Laws and Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Laws and Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Laws and Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Laws and Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Laws and Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Laws and Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations

13

Scaling Dynamics of a Massive Piston in a Cube Filled With Ideal Gas: Exact Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scaling Dynamics of a Massive Piston in a Cube Filled With Ideal Gas: Exact Results N. Chernov1 65th birthday Abstract We continue the study of the time evolution of a system consisting of a piston in a cubical container of large size L filled with an ideal gas. The piston has mass M L2 and undergoes

Lebowitz, Joel

14

Dynamics of a Massive Piston in an Ideal Gas N. Chernov1,4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamics of a Massive Piston in an Ideal Gas N. Chernov1,4 , J. L. Lebowitz2,4 , and Ya. Sinai3 January 1, 2003 Abstract We study a dynamical system consisting of a massive piston in a cubical con- tainer of large size L filled with an ideal gas. The piston has mass M L2 and undergoes elastic

15

A kinetic beam scheme for ideal quantum gas dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...profiles at most stations are close to Gaussian...Example 2 Boson gas in nearly degenerate...limit case at several stations at time t=0.3...Example 3 Fermion gas in near classical...profiles at most stations are close to Gaussian...Example 4 Fermion gas in nearly degenerate...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Simulation of single acting natural gas Reciprocating Expansion Engine based on ideal gas model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The potential energy of high pressure gas destroyed in natural gas pressure reduction stations during pressure reduction when it passes through throttling valves. One way to recover this energy is to use a Reciprocating Expansion Engine coupled with a generator. The expansion engine is able to produce electricity as pressure decreases by recovering the potential energy. Although the expansion engine has been utilized in pressure reduction points for some time but it has not been analyzed for performance enhancement yet. In this work an advanced numerical simulation has been presented for the thermodynamic modeling of Natural Gas Single Acting Reciprocating Expansion Engine under various working conditions for high pressure ranges. The simulation has been carried out to understand the effects of various parameters and to improve performance of the engine. A range of geometric parameters such as suction diameter, piston diameter, crank radius, connecting rod length, speed were covered in this research. Because of the physical and numerical difficulties of the problem, the natural gas is assumed as an ideal gas.

Mahmood Farzaneh Gord; Mohsen Jannatabadi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

OGEL (Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence): Focussing on recent developments in the area of oil-gas-energy law,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

About OGEL OGEL (Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence): Focussing on recent developments in the area of oil-gas-energy law, regulation, treaties, judicial and arbitral cases, voluntary guidelines, tax and contracting, including the oil-gas- energy geopolitics. For full Terms & Conditions and subscription rates

Dixon, Juan

18

Dynamics of a Massive Piston in an Ideal Gas: Oscillatory Motion and Approach to Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamics of a Massive Piston in an Ideal Gas: Oscillatory Motion and Approach to Equilibrium N confined to a cube of size L3 divided into two parts by a piston with mass ML L2 which can only move and a stationary piston, we find that (a) after an initial quiescent period the system becomes unstable

Chernov, Nikolai

19

Dynamics of a Massive Piston in an Ideal Gas: Oscillatory Motion and Approach to Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamics of a Massive Piston in an Ideal Gas: Oscillatory Motion and Approach to Equilibrium N confined to a cube of size L 3 divided into two parts by a piston with mass ML # L 2 which can only move and a stationary piston, we find that (a) after an initial quiescent period the system becomes unstable

20

LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law I and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

international investment law regulating the main activities of both these industries; 3. the knowledge and understanding of international and domestic case law relating to investment disputes involving petroleum to Public International Law & International/Transnational Investment Law: Actors, Sources, Principles

Evans, Paul

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

On a slow drift of a massive piston in an ideal gas that remains at mechanical equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On a slow drift of a massive piston in an ideal gas that remains at mechanical equilibrium N@math.uab.edu Fax: 1-205-934-9025 February 18, 2004 Abstract We consider a heavy piston in an infinite cylinder surrounded by ideal gases on both sides. The piston moves under elastic collisions with gas atoms. We assume

Chernov, Nikolai

22

Gaussian fluctuations in an ideal bose-gas -- a simple model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the canonical ensemble, we suggested the simple scheme for taking into account Gaussian fluctuations in a finite system of ideal boson gas. Within framework of scheme we investigated the influence of fluctuations on the particle distribution in Bose -gas for two cases - with taking into account the number of particles in the ground state and without this assumption. The temperature and fluctuation parameter dependences of the modified Bose- Einstein distribution have been determined. Also the dependence of the condensation temperature on the fluctuation distribution parameter has been obtained.

A Petrova; O Nedopekin; D Tayurskii; Q A Wang

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

23

State law equation of a real gas and simulation of electrical arc/gas flow interaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modeling of gas movements in a circuit breaker arc chamber requires an accurate knowledge of thermodynamic functions. The proposed method gives a simplified form of the law of state, in close agreement with the tables. This law has been implemented in the NS2 code developed at Merlin Gerin, France. This code allows detailed investigation of gas flows in circuit breakers.

P Chevrier; J Maftoul

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Condensation of N bosons. II. Nonequilibrium analysis of an ideal Bose gas and the laser phase-transition analogy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A nonequilibrium approach to the dynamics and statistics of the condensate of an ideal N-atom Bose gas cooling via interaction with a thermal reservoir using the canonical ensemble is developed. We derive simple analytical expressions...

Kocharovsky, VV; Scully, Marlan O.; Zhu, S. Y.; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

A complete theory for the magnetism of an ideal gas of electrons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have explored Pauli paramagnetism, Landau diamagnetism, and de Haas-van Alphen effect in a single framework, and unified these three effects for all temperatures as well as for all strengths of magnetic field. Our result goes beyond Pauli-Landau result on the magnetism of the 3-D ideal gas of electrons, and is able to describe crossover of the de Haas-van Alphen oscillation to the saturation of magnetization. We also have obtained a novel asymptotic series expansion for the low temperature properties of the system.

Biswas, Shyamal; Jana, Debnarayan [Department of Physics, University of Calcutta, 92 APC Road, Kolkata 700009 (India)] [Department of Physics, University of Calcutta, 92 APC Road, Kolkata 700009 (India); Sen, Swati [Department of Physical Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research-Kolkata, Mohanpur 741252 (India)] [Department of Physical Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research-Kolkata, Mohanpur 741252 (India)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ohio Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Ohio laws and incentives related

27

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Hawaii laws and incentives related

28

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alabama Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Alabama laws and incentives

29

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Colorado Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Colorado laws and incentives

30

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Vermont Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Vermont laws and incentives

31

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Wyoming laws and incentives

32

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Michigan Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Michigan laws and incentives

33

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Kansas laws and incentives related

34

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Kentucky laws and incentives

35

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Virginia laws and incentives

36

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Texas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Texas laws and incentives related

37

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alaska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Alaska laws and incentives related

38

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Nebraska laws and incentives

39

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Illinois Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Illinois laws and incentives

40

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Montana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Montana laws and incentives

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Florida Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Florida laws and incentives

42

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nevada Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Nevada laws and incentives related

43

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maryland Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Maryland laws and incentives

44

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Delaware Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Delaware laws and incentives

45

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Oklahoma laws and incentives

46

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Indiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Indiana laws and incentives

47

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Iowa Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Iowa laws and incentives related

48

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Missouri Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Missouri laws and incentives

49

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Federal Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Federal laws and incentives

50

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Utah Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Utah laws and incentives related

51

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arizona Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Arizona laws and incentives

52

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Arkansas laws and incentives

53

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oregon Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Oregon laws and incentives related

54

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Georgia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Georgia laws and incentives

55

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maine Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Maine laws and incentives related

56

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New York Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all New York laws and incentives

57

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idaho Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas The list below contains summaries of all Idaho laws and incentives related

58

Second law analysis of a natural gas-fired steam boiler and cogeneration plant.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A second law thermodynamic analysis of a natural gas-fired steam boiler and cogeneration plant at Rice University was conducted. The analysis included many components of (more)

Conklin, Eric D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Dynamics of the electric current in an ideal electron gas: a sound mode inside the quasi-particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the equation of motion for the Noether current in an electron gas within the framework of the Schwinger-Keldysh Closed-Time-Path formalism. The equation is shown to be highly non-linear and irreversible even for a non-interacting, ideal gas of electrons at non-zero density. We truncate the linearised equation of motion, written as the Laurent series in Fourier space, so that the resulting expressions are local in time, both at zero and at small finite temperatures. Furthermore, we show that the one-loop Coulomb interactions only alter the physical picture quantitatively, while preserving the characteristics of the dynamics that the electric current exhibits in the absence of interactions. As a result of the composite nature of the Noether current, composite sound waves are found to be the dominant IR collective excitations at length scales between the inverse Fermi momentum and the mean free path that would exist in an interacting electron gas. We also discuss the difference and the transition between the hydrodynamical regime of an ideal gas, defined in this work, and the hydrodynamical regime in phenomenological hydrodynamics, which is normally used for the description of interacting gases.

Sao Grozdanov; Janos Polonyi

2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

60

NIST Standard Reference Database 88 NIST/TRC Ideal Gas Database  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: "Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds in the Gas State", vol. 1 and ,2. by Michael Frenkel, G. J. Kabo, K. N. Marsh, G. N. Roganov and R. C. Wilhoit: TRC, College Station, TX, 1994 VERSION 2.0 This package contains

Magee, Joseph W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Stability of gas-bubble equilibrium shape in uniform flow of an ideal fluid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Steady-state motion of a bubble in the shape of an ellipsoid of ... this paper, possible equilibrium shapes of a bubble in the form of a triaxial ellipsoid ... at the stagnation point and within the gas bubble on...

A. G. Petrov

62

Dynamics of the electric current in an ideal electron gas: a sound mode inside the quasi-particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the equation of motion for the Noether current in an electron gas within the framework of the Schwinger-Keldysh Closed-Time-Path formalism. The equation is shown to be highly non-linear and irreversible even for a non-interacting, ideal gas of electrons at non-zero density. We truncate the linearised equation of motion, written as the Laurent series in Fourier space, so that the resulting expressions are local in time, both at zero and at small finite temperatures. Furthermore, we show that the one-loop Coulomb interactions only alter the physical picture quantitatively, while preserving the characteristics of the dynamics that the electric current exhibits in the absence of interactions. As a result of the composite nature of the Noether current, composite sound waves are found to be the dominant IR collective excitations at length scales between the inverse Fermi momentum and the mean free path that would exist in an interacting electron gas. We also discuss the difference and the transition betwee...

Grozdanov, Sao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Ideal quantum gas in expanding cavity: nature of non-adiabatic force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a quantum gas of non-interacting particles confined in the expanding cavity, and investigate the nature of the non-adiabatic force which is generated from the gas and acts on the cavity wall. Firstly, with use of the time-dependent canonical transformation which transforms the expanding cavity to the non-expanding one, we can define the force operator. Secondly, applying the perturbative theory which works when the cavity wall begins to move at time origin, we find that the non-adiabatic force is quadratic in the wall velocity and thereby does not break the time-reversal symmetry, in contrast with the general belief. Finally, using an assembly of the transitionless quantum states, we obtain the nonadiabatic force exactly. The exact result justifies the validity of both the definition of force operator and the issue of the perturbative theory. The mysterious mechanism of nonadiabatic transition with use of transitionless quantum states is also explained. The study is done on both cases of the hard-wall and soft-wall confinement with the time-dependent confining length.

K. Nakamura; S. K. Avazbaev; Z. A. Sobirov; D. U. Matrasulov; T. Monnai

2011-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

64

Apparent violation of thermodynamics second law under Van der Waals gas expansion in vacuum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Examining textbooks of thermodynamics we have not able to find a proof of increasing of entropy under free adiabatic expansion in vacuum based on the state equation of the Van der Waals gas. This communication remedies the situation. During proving we faced with an amusing example of apparent violation of thermodynamics second law.

Yury A. Koksharov

2006-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

65

CHEMISTRY 223: Introductory Physical Chemistry I. Kinetics 1: Gas laws, kinetic theory of collisions. Thermodynamics: Zeroth law of thermodynamics. First law of thermodynamics, heat capacity,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of collisions. Thermodynamics: Zeroth law of thermodynamics. First law of thermodynamics, heat capacity, enthalpy, thermochemistry, bond energies. Second law of thermodynamics; the entropy and free energy functions. Third law of thermodynamics, absolute entropies, free energies, Maxwell relations and chemical

Ronis, David M.

66

Critical Temperature of an Interacting Bose Gas in a Generic Power-Law Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the critical temperature of an interacting Bose gas confined in a trap described by a generic isotropic power-law potential. We compare the results with respect to the non-interacting case. In particular, we derive an analytical formula for the shift of the critical temperature holding to first order in the scattering length. We show that this shift scales as $N^{n\\over 3(n+2)}$, where $N$ is the number of Bosons and $n$ is the exponent of the power-law potential. Moreover, the sign of the shift critically depends on the power-law exponent $n$. Finally, we find that the shift of the critical temperature due to finite-size effects vanishes as $N^{-{2n\\over 3(n+2)}}$.

Luca Salasnich

2002-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

67

A general concept of natural information equilibrium: from the ideal gas law to the K-Trumpler effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information theory provides shortcuts which allow one to deal with complex systems. The basic idea one uses for this purpose is the maximum entropy principle developed by Jaynes. However, an extension of this maximum entropy principle to systems far from thermodynamic equilibrium or even to non-physical systems is problematic because it requires an adequate choice of constraints. In this paper we discuss a general concept of natural information equilibrium which does not require any choice of adequate constraints. It is, therefore, directly applicable to systems far from thermodynamic equilibrium and to non-physical systems/processes (e.g. biological processes and economical processes). We demonstrate the validity and the applicability of the concept by three well understood physical processes. As an interesting astronomical application we will show that the concept of natural information equilibrium allows one to rationalize and to quantify the K-Trumpler effect.

P. Fielitz; G. Borchardt

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

68

Statistical mechanics problem sheet 3 1. Does an ideal gas satisfy the third law of thermodynamics? Explain.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a solar furnace (h is hour). 3. Calculate the pressure and density profile for an isothermal atmosphere

Dettmann, Carl

69

Problems: Gas Laws & Solubility 1. You accept a position in a laboratory that is located on ground level on the planet Mars.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Problems: Gas Laws & Solubility 1. You accept a position. Gas % Composition Partial Pressure Oxygen 70 CO2 3 Nitrogen Argon 2. Calculate how much humidifier holds the water vapor tension within the chamber at 10 mm Hg

Prestwich, Ken

70

''Averaged'' statistical thermodynamics, energy equipartition and the third law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arguments are presented that the assumption, implicit to traditional statistical thermodynamics, that at zero temperature all erratic motions cease, should be dispensed with. Assuming instead a random ultrarelativistic unobservable motion, similar to zitterbewegung, it is demonstrated that in an ideal gas of classical particles the energy equipartition fails in a way that complies with the third law of thermodynamics.

Vesselin I. Dimitrov

1997-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

71

Gas Law and Solubility Problems --Solutions 1. You accept a position in a laboratory that is located on ground level on the planet Mars.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gas Law and Solubility Problems -- Solutions 1. You accept a position. Gas % Composition Partial Pressure Oxygen 70 CO2 3 Nitrogen 18 Argon 9 N2 + Ar (except water vapor) are always given as either F or % on a dry gas

Prestwich, Ken

72

Steady-state nonequilibrium temperature gradients in hydrogen gasmetal systems: challenging the second law of thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differences in gas reaction rates between disparate surfaces have been proposed as a means to achieve steady-state pressure and temperature gradients within a single blackbody cavity, thereby challenging the second law of thermodynamics (Sheehan 1998 Phys. Rev. E 57 6660; Sheehan 2001 Phys. Lett. A 280 185; Capek and Sheehan 2005 Challenges to the Second Law of Thermodynamics (Theory and Experiment) (Fundamental Theories of Physics Series vol 146) (Dordrecht: Springer)). This paper reports on laboratory tests of this hypothesis; specifically, molecular hydrogen is found to dissociate preferentially on rhenium surfaces versus tungsten at identical elevated temperatures and reduced pressures (T?2100K; ). Steady-state nonequilibrium H/H2 ratios over the surfaces suggest that temperature gradients could be maintained under blackbody cavity conditions. Preliminary results from bimetallic blackbody cavity experiments are discussed.

D P Sheehan; J T Garamella; D J Mallin; W F Sheehan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

CARMA SURVEY TOWARD INFRARED-BRIGHT NEARBY GALAXIES (STING): MOLECULAR GAS STAR FORMATION LAW IN NGC 4254  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study explores the effects of different assumptions and systematics on the determination of the local, spatially resolved star formation law. Using four star formation rate (SFR) tracers (H{alpha} with azimuthally averaged extinction correction, mid-infrared 24 {mu}m, combined H{alpha} and mid-infrared 24 {mu}m, and combined far-ultraviolet and mid-infrared 24 {mu}m), several fitting procedures, and different sampling strategies, we probe the relation between SFR and molecular gas at various spatial resolutions (500 pc and larger) and surface densities ({Sigma}{sub H{sub 2}})approx. 10-245 M{sub sun} pc{sup -2}) within the central {approx}6.5 kpc in the disk of NGC 4254. We explore the effect of diffuse emission using an unsharp masking technique with varying kernel size. The fraction of diffuse emission, f{sub DE}, thus determined is a strong inverse function of the size of the filtering kernel. We find that in the high surface brightness regions of NGC 4254 the form of the molecular gas star formation law is robustly determined and approximately linear ({approx}0.8-1.1) and independent of the assumed fraction of diffuse emission and the SFR tracer employed. When the low surface brightness regions are included, the slope of the star formation law depends primarily on the assumed fraction of diffuse emission. In such a case, results range from linear when the fraction of diffuse emission in the SFR tracer is f{sub DE} {approx}< 30% (or when diffuse emission is removed in both the star formation and the molecular gas tracer) to super-linear ({approx}1.4) when f{sub DE} {approx}> 50%. We find that the tightness of the correlation between gas and star formation varies with the choice of star formation tracer. The 24 {mu}m SFR tracer by itself shows the tightest correlation with the molecular gas surface density, whereas the H{alpha} corrected for extinction using an azimuthally averaged correction shows the highest dispersion. We find that for R < 0.5R{sub 25} the local star formation efficiency is constant and similar to that observed in other large spirals, with a molecular gas depletion time {tau}{sub dep} {approx} 2 Gyr.

Rahman, Nurur; Bolatto, Alberto D.; Herrera-Camus, Rodrigo; Jameson, Katherine; Vogel, Stuart N. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Wong, Tony; Xue Rui [Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL 61801 (United States); Leroy, Adam K. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Walter, Fabian [Max-Planck-Institute fur Astronomie, Konigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Rosolowsky, Erik [I. K. Barber School of the Arts and Science, University of British Columbia, Kelowna, BC V1V1V7 (Canada); West, Andrew A. [Department of Astronomy, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Bigiel, Frank; Blitz, Leo [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Ott, Juergen, E-mail: nurur@astro.umd.edu [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Modified Bosonic Gas Trapped in a Generic 3-dim Power Law Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the consequences caused by an anomalous single-particle dispersion relation suggested in several quantum-gravity models, upon the thermodynamics of a Bose-Einstein condensate trapped in a generic 3-dimensional power-law potential. We prove that the condensation temperature is shifted as a consequence of such deformation and show that this fact could be used to provide bounds on the deformation parameters. Additionally, we show that the shift in the condensation temperature, described as a non-trivial function of the number of particles and the trap parameters, could be used as a criterion to analyze the effects caused by a deformed dispersion relation in weakly interacting systems and also in finite size systems.

E. Castellanos; C. Laemmerzahl

2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

75

Primary Components of Binomial Ideals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for primary components of special binomial ideals. A feature of this work is that our results are independent of the characteristic of the field. First of all, we analyze the primary decomposition of a special class of binomial ideals, lattice ideals...

Eser, Zekiye

2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

76

Instituto Ideal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ideal Ideal Jump to: navigation, search Name Instituto Ideal Place Brazil Sector Solar Product Brazilian research institute that focuses on solar energy. References Instituto Ideal[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Instituto Ideal is a company located in Brazil . References ↑ "Instituto Ideal" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Instituto_Ideal&oldid=346997" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 1862990351

77

Third Law of Thermodynamics and Electromagnetic Zero-Point Radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is pointed out that the third law of thermodynamics, which has been verified experimentally for systems with electromagnetic interactions, is not part of traditional classical theory, and indeed is violated by hypothetical systems, such as an ideal gas, which exhibit equipartition of energy. In the context of quantum theory, the law may be understood from the description of thermodynamic systems as quantum systems having discrete energy levels. Along the same lines as a recent derivation of the blackbody radiation spectrum from classical theory involving classical electromagnetic zero-point radiation, it is shown that the third law holds in classical theory for all thermodynamic systems which interact (no matter how weakly) with electromagnetic radiation.

Timothy H. Boyer

1970-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

78

1. A tank of volume V is to be filled with an ideal gas. Initially the tank is at P1and T1.the port is regulated with a valve, and the port properties are constant at Tin.The tank is well  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. A tank of volume V is to be filled with an ideal gas. Initially the tank is at P1and T1.the port is regulated with a valve, and the port properties are constant at Tin.The tank is well insulated so the process is adiabatic. If the final pressure of the tank is Pz,determine the finaltemperature of the tank T

Huang, Haimei

79

A note on monomial ideals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the number of elements generating a squarefree monomial ideal up to radical can always be bounded above in terms of the number of its minimal monomial generators and the maximal height of its minimal primes.

Margherita Barile

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Reconnection and the Ideal Evolution of Magnetic Fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A magnetic evolution is ideal if it is consistent with the field being embedded in a perfectly conducting fluid. Faraday's law implies the evolution is ideal when the parallel component of the electric field is the derivative of a scalar potential, a condition that generically holds in any local region of space. Reconnection requires the non-existence of such a potential. In systems with two periodic directions, non-existence focuses reconnection onto the surfaces in which the magnetic field lines close on themselves, the rational surfaces. This rational surface effect does not arise in astrophysics but does appear in periodic simulation codes. Effects that could give astrophysical reconnection are discussed.

Allen H. Boozer

2002-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

ALMA Observations of Warm Dense Gas in NGC 1614 --- Breaking of Star Formation Law in the Central kpc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present ALMA Cycle-0 observations of the CO (6-5) line emission and of the 435um dust continuum emission in the central kpc of NGC 1614, a local luminous infrared galaxy (LIRG) at a distance of 67.8 Mpc (1 arcsec = 329 pc). The CO emission is well resolved by the ALMA beam (0".26 x 0".20) into a circum-nuclear ring, with an integrated flux of f_{CO(6-5)} = 898 (+-153) Jy km/s, which is 63(+-12)% of the total CO(6-5) flux measured by Herschel. The molecular ring, located between 100pc dispersion of 40 km/s. These knots are associated with strong star formation regions with \\Sigma_{SFR} 100 M_\\sun/yr/kpc^{2} and \\Sigma_{Gas} 1.0E4 M_\\sun/pc^{2}. The non-detections of the nucleus in both the CO (6-5) line emission and the 435um continuum rule out, with relatively high confidence, a Compton-thick AGN in NGC 1614. Comparisons with radio continuum emission show a strong deviation fro...

Xu, C K; Lu, N; Gao, Y; Diaz-Santos, T; Herrero-Illana, R; Meijerink, R; Privon, G; Zhao, Y -H; Evans, A S; Knig, S; Mazzarella, J M; Aalto, S; Appleton, P; Armus, L; Charmandaris, V; Chu, J; Haan, S; Inami, H; Murphy, E J; Sanders, D B; Schulz, B; van der Werf, P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Multi-Symplectic Lagrangian, One-Dimensional Gas Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The equations of Lagrangian, ideal, one-dimensional (1D), compressible gas dynamics are written in a multi-symplectic form using the Lagrangian mass coordinate $m$ and time $t$ as independent variables, and in which the Eulerian position of the fluid element $x=x(m,t)$ is one of the dependent variables. This approach differs from the Eulerian, multi-symplectic approach using Clebsch variables. Lagrangian constraints are used to specify equations for $x_m$, $x_t$ and $S_t$ consistent with the Lagrangian map, where $S$ is the entropy of the gas. We require $S_t=0$ corresponding to advection of the entropy $S$ with the flow. We show that the Lagrangian Hamiltonian equations are related to the de Donder-Weyl multi-momentum formulation. The pullback conservation laws and the symplecticity conservation laws are discussed. The pullback conservation laws correspond to invariance of the action with respect to translations in time (energy conservation) and translations in $m$ in Noether's theorem. The conservation law due to $m$-translation invariance gives rise to a novel nonlocal conservation law involving the Clebsch variable $r$ used to impose $\\partial S(m,t)/\\partial t=0$. Translation invariance with respect to $x$ in Noether's theorem is associated with momentum conservation. We obtain the Cartan-Poincar\\'e form for the system, and use it to obtain a closed ideal of two-forms representing the equation system.

G. M. Webb

2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

83

Multi-Symplectic Lagrangian, One-Dimensional Gas Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The equations of Lagrangian, ideal, one-dimensional (1D), compressible gas dynamics are written in a multi-symplectic form using the Lagrangian mass coordinate $m$ and time $t$ as independent variables, and in which the Eulerian position of the fluid element $x=x(m,t)$ is one of the dependent variables. This approach differs from the Eulerian, multi-symplectic approach using Clebsch variables. Lagrangian constraints are used to specify equations for $x_m$, $x_t$ and $S_t$ consistent with the Lagrangian map, where $S$ is the entropy of the gas. We require $S_t=0$ corresponding to advection of the entropy $S$ with the flow. We show that the Lagrangian Hamiltonian equations are related to the de Donder-Weyl multi-momentum formulation. The pullback conservation laws and the symplecticity conservation laws are discussed. The pullback conservation laws correspond to invariance of the action with respect to translations in time (energy conservation) and translations in $m$ in Noether's theorem. The conservation law due to $m$-translation invariance gives rise to a novel nonlocal conservation law involving the Clebsch variable $r$ used to impose $\\partial S(m,t)/\\partial t=0$. Translation invariance with respect to $x$ in Noether's theorem is associated with momentum conservation. We obtain the Cartan-Poincar\\'e form for the system, and use it to obtain a closed ideal of two-forms representing the equation system.

G. M. Webb

2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

84

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

85

Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

86

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

87

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

88

Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

89

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

90

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

91

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

92

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Washington Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

93

Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type California Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

94

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

95

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

96

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

97

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

98

Ideal strength of doped graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While the mechanical distortions change the electronic properties of graphene significantly, the effects of electronic manipulation on its mechanical properties have not been known. Using first-principles calculation methods, we show that when graphene expands isotropically under equibiaxial strain, both the electron and hole doping can maintain or improve its ideal strength slightly and enhance the critical breaking strain dramatically. Contrary to the isotropic expansions, the electron doping decreases the ideal strength as well as critical strain of uniaxially strained graphene while the hole doping increases both. Distinct failure mechanisms depending on type of strains are shown to be origins of the different doping induced mechanical stabilities. Our findings may resolve a contradiction between recent experimental and theoretical results on the strength of graphene.

S. J. Woo and Young-Woo Son

2013-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

99

Representation of Ideal Magnetohydrodynamic Modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the most fundamental properties of ideal magnetohydrodynamics is the condition that plasma motion cannot change magnetic topology. The conventional representation of ideal magnetohydrodynamic modes by perturbing a toroidal equilibrium field through ? ? = ? X (xi X B) ensures that ? B ? ? = 0 at a resonance, with ? labelling an equilibrium flux surface. Also useful for the analysis of guiding center orbits in a perturbed field is the representation ? ? = ? X ?B. These two representations are equivalent, but the vanishing of ? B ?? at a resonance is necessary but not sufficient for the preservation of field line topology, and a indiscriminate use of either perturbation in fact destroys the original equilibrium flux topology. It is necessary to find the perturbed field to all orders in xi to conserve the original topology. The effect of using linearized perturbations on stability and growth rate calculations is discussed

Roscoe B. White

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

conservation laws  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Conservation Laws Conservation Laws Conservation Laws - Data Analysis Using Graphs - Histograms - Units or Vectors in Particle Physics In all of physics there are only six conservation laws. Each describes a quantity that is conserved, that is, the total amount is the same before and after something occurs. These laws have the restriction that the system is closed, that is, the system is not affected by anything outside it. Conservation of charge Conservation of momentum Conservation of mass/energy Conservation of angular momentum Conservation of baryons Conservation of leptons Let's review the conservation laws that you know from classical physics. Then, we will describe two particle physics conservation laws. Conservation of Charge This is used all the time in chemistry. The total charge in the system is

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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101

Modules over principal ideal rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

need to note, however, , the difference between the two types of "union" of a set of submodules N 1 of a module N, The first is the "set-theoretic union" con- sisting of representatives of all the distinct elements to be found in the Ni... ideal R, which cons1sts of the elements of the ring. Consider the subset B of R of all elements of the form ra + na, where r and a are ring ele- ments and n is an integer. If rla + nla, r2a + n2a s B, then la + nla 2 2a la r2a + la 2 = (rl - r2)a...

Vieaux, Jules Bellin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

102

Rheology of nearly ideal 3d foams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We probe the complex rheology of nearly ideal 3d foam by flowing through a narrow column. The foams we investigate have large bubble size, to minimize the effects of coarsening, and are very dry. Foams of this type cannot be studied via conventional rheometry. The foam flows upward through a vertical rectangular column with a 4:1 cross-sectional aspect ratio, by bubbling gas through a soapy solution at the base of our apparatus. At the column's narrow surfaces are sticky boundaries, which create shear due to the zero velocity boundary condition. As expected, the flow profile between the adjacent slippery broad faces is flat, however the profile between the narrow, sticky faces exhibits a curved velocity profile that is dependent on gas flow rate. We are able to analyze a 2d velocity profile from a 3d bulk system. We employ particle image velocimetry to measure the strain rate, and compute the stress from the pressure drop along the channel, to investigate the local stress-strain relationships in a flowing foam. We find these dry foams to have a Hershel-Bulkley exponent of 0.21, which is significantly lower (more shear thinning) than other results shown in the literature for much wetter foams.

C. D. Jones; K. N. Nordstrom; D. J. Durian

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

103

Unique irredundant intersections of completely irreducible ideals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 25, 2005 ... Let R denote throughout a commutative ring with 1. An ideal of R ..... M = mR, then P ? mR, so that P = mA for some proper ideal A of R. Since P.

2005-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

104

Application of Planck's law to thermionic conversion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simple, highly accurate, mathematical model of heat-to-electricity conversion is developed from Planck's law for the distribution of the radiant exitance of heat at a selected temperature. An electrical power curve is calculated by integration of the heat law over a selected range of electromagnetic wavelength corresponding to electrical voltage. A novel wavelength-voltage conversion factor, developed from the known wavelength-electron volt conversion factor, establishes the wavelength ({lambda}) for the integration. The Planck law is integrated within the limits {lambda} to 2{lambda}. The integration provides the ideal electrical power that is available from heat at the emitter temperature. When multiplied by a simple ratio, the calculated ideal power closely matches published thermionic converter experimental data. The thermal power model of thermionic conversion is validated by experiments with thermionic emission of ordinary electron tubes. A theoretical basis for the heat law based model of thermionic conversion is found in linear oscillator theory.

Caldwell, F.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Property Law  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rights play an important role in private law. The owner of a car who has been damaged unlawfully by someone else has a right against the tortfeasor to be compensated (see Chap. 6 ...

Bram Akkermans

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

The Energy Transformation Limit Theorem for Gas Flow Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The limit energy theorem which determines the possibility of transformation the energy flow in power systems in the absence of technical work is investigated and proved for such systems as gas lasers and plasmatrons, chemical gas reactors, vortex tubes, gas-acoustic and other systems, as well as a system of close stars. In the case of the same name ideal gas in the system the maximum ratio of energy conversion effectiveness is linked to the Carnot theorem, which in its turn is connected with the Nernst theorem. However, numerical analyses show that the class of flow energy systems is non-carnot one. The ratio of energy conversion effectiveness depends on the properties of the working medium; a conventional cycle in open-circuit is essentially irreversible. The proved theorem gives a more strongly worded II law of thermodynamics for the selected class of flow energy systems. Implications for astrophysical thermodynamic systems and the theory of a strong shock wave are discussed.

Volov, V T

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Office of Enforcement and Oversight's Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Activity Report for Observation of Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant LAW Melter and Melter Off-gas Process System Hazards Analysis _Oct 21-31  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HSS Independent Activity Report - HSS Independent Activity Report - Rev. 0 Report Number: HIAR-WTP-2013-10-21 Site: Hanford Site Subject: Office of Enforcement and Oversight's Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Activity Report for Observation of Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant Low Activity Waste Melter and Melter Off-gas Process System Hazards Analysis Activities Dates of Activity : 10/21/13 - 10/31/13 Report Preparer: James O. Low Activity Description/Purpose: The Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS), Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations (Independent Oversight) reviewed the Insight software hazard evaluation (HE) tables for hazard analysis (HA) generated to date for the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) Low Activity Waste (LAW) Melter and Off-gas systems, observed a

108

Monomial Ideals Serkan Hosten and Gregory G. Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monomial Ideals Serkan Ho¸sten and Gregory G. Smith Monomial ideals form an important link between. G. Smith 1 The Basics of Monomial Ideals Creating monomial ideals in Macaulay 2 is analogous

Smith, Gregory G.

109

The Ideal Transformer Description and Circuit Symbol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Ideal Transformer Description and Circuit Symbol As with all the other circuit elements, there is a physical transformer commonly used in circuits whose behavior can be discussed in great detail. However, in many cases the practical transformer can be adequately approximated by the "ideal transformer," which

King, Roger

110

A GffiIDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A GffiIDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY that there is a Gffioe-ideal of compact sets which is strictly above NWD in the Tukey order. Here NWD partial orders (P, P ) and (Q, Q ), we say that P is Tukey reducible to Q, in symbols P T Q

Moore, Justin Tatch

111

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

112

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

113

Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

114

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

115

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

116

Persistent Ring Currents in an Ideal Bose Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......density of supercurrent, is, to applied electric and magnetic fields, namely curl (Ajs...would die down quickly, due to Ohmic resistance, and the :flux through the ring would...attributed to the impossibility of creating elementary excitations which would slow down this......

J. M. Blatt

1961-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

SOME IDEALS WITH LARGE PROJECTIVE DIMENSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. For an ideal I in a polynomial ring over a field, a monomial support of I is the set of monomials that appear as terms in a set of minimal generators of I. Craig Huneke asked whether the size of a monomial support is a bound for the projective dimension of the ideal. We construct an example to show that, if the number of variables and the degrees of the generators are unspecified, the projective dimension of I grows at least exponentially with the size of a monomial support. The ideal we construct is generated by monomials and binomials. 1.

Giulio Caviglia; Manoj Kummini

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Precipitation Banding in Idealized Baroclinic Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Moist idealized baroclinic-wave simulations show the development of precipitation bands from a zonally uniform initial midlatitude jet. For a frictionless lower boundary, and with no latent-heat release or surface heat and moisture fluxes, warm ...

Jesse Norris; Geraint Vaughan; David M. Schultz

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Ideals and flexibility in close relationships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two studies examined the roles that ideal standards aphics. for a romantic partner, and the flexibility of these standards, play in relationships. In the first study, 239 men and women involved in dating relationships were asked to rate themselves...

Campbell, Lorne John

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Stepwise Development from Ideal Specifications Graeme Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stepwise Development from Ideal Specifications Graeme Smith Software Verification Research Centre University of Queensland, Australia smith@svrc.uq.edu.au Abstract The stepwise development of a program using

Smith, Graeme

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Guiding Center Equations for Ideal Magnetohydrodynamic Modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Guiding center simulations are routinely used for the discovery of mode-particle resonances in tokamaks, for both resistive and ideal instabilities and to find modifications of particle distributions caused by a given spectrum of modes, including large scale avalanches during events with a number of large amplitude modes. One of the most fundamental properties of ideal magnetohydrodynamics is the condition that plasma motion cannot change magnetic topology. The conventional representation of ideal magnetohydrodynamic modes by perturbing a toroidal equilibrium field through ?~B = ? X (? X B) however perturbs the magnetic topology, introducing extraneous magnetic islands in the field. A proper treatment of an ideal perturbation involves a full Lagrangian displacement of the field due to the perturbation and conserves magnetic topology as it should. In order to examine the effect of ideal magnetohydrodynamic modes on particle trajectories the guiding center equations should include a correct Lagrangian treatment. Guiding center equations for an ideal displacement ? are derived which perserve the magnetic topology and are used to examine mode particle resonances in toroidal confinement devices. These simulations are compared to others which are identical in all respects except that they use the linear representation for the field. Unlike the case for the magnetic field, the use of the linear field perturbation in the guiding center equations does not result in extraneous mode particle resonances.

Roscoe B. White

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

122

Quantum refrigerators and the third law of thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rate of temperature decrease of a cooled quantum bath is studied as its temperature is reduced to absolute zero. The third law of thermodynamics is then quantified dynamically by evaluating the characteristic exponent ? of the cooling process dT(t)dt??T? when approaching absolute zero, T?0. A continuous model of a quantum refrigerator is employed consisting of a working medium composed either by two coupled harmonic oscillators or two coupled two-level systems. The refrigerator is a nonlinear device merging three currents from three heat baths: a cold bath to be cooled, a hot bath as an entropy sink, and a driving bath which is the source of cooling power. A heat-driven refrigerator (absorption refrigerator) is compared to a power-driven refrigerator. When optimized, both cases lead to the same exponent ?, showing a lack of dependence on the form of the working medium and the characteristics of the drivers. The characteristic exponent is therefore determined by the properties of the cold reservoir and its interaction with the system. Two generic heat bath models are considered: a bath composed of harmonic oscillators and a bath composed of ideal Bose/Fermi gas. The restrictions on the interaction Hamiltonian imposed by the third law are discussed. In the Appendices, the theory of periodically driven open systems and its implication for thermodynamics are outlined.

Amikam Levy; Robert Alicki; Ronnie Kosloff

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

123

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: IDEAL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IDEAL IDEAL Designed to read electronic data records of facility electrical energy use--data recorded by electric utility companies, and normally used internally only for billing purposes. Upon request, the utility will release this data to the customer for analysis purposes. The format of these data record formats number over 25 distinct file types identified thus far. IDEAL (Interval Data Evaluation and Analysis of Load) translates all these formats into a common database and produces informative graphs and reports to assist the user and his energy management team or consultants to quickly identifying periods of serious power mismanagement. Extensions to the basic program will perform power bill calculations, time-of-use analysis, temperature and humidity plots, and optimum standby

124

Analysis of an idealized Stirling thermocompressor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermocompressor uses thermal energy to increase the pressure of a fluid without the intermediate production of mechanical work. The thermocompressor described here is essentially a cold-connected Gamma Stirling engine with the power cylinder replaced by inlet and discharge check valves. It is analyzed based on assumptions similar to those made in the analysis of an ideal Stirling engine. The analysis gives closed form predictions for thermocompressor thermal efficiency, volumetric efficiency, and non-dimensional heat input as functions of pressure and temperature ratio. It is also used to compare thermocompressor performance to that of an ideal Otto engine-driven mechanical compressor.

Kornhauser, A.A. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

125

Lecture by John F. Nash Jr. Ideal Money and Asymptotically Ideal Money  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lecture by John F. Nash Jr. Ideal Money and Asymptotically Ideal Money The special commodity or medium that we call money has a long and interesting history. And since we are so dependent on our use teaches, in effect, that "less is more" or that (in other words) "bad money is better than good money

Babu, G. Jogesh

126

A G IDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY ORDER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A G IDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY ORDER JUSTIN TATCH above NWD in the Tukey order. Here NWD is the collection of all compact nowhere dense subsets directed partial orders (P, P ) and (Q, Q), we say that P is Tukey reducible to Q, in symbols P T Q

Solecki, Slawomir

127

A G # IDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A G # IDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY ORDER JUSTIN TATCH is strictly above NWD in the Tukey order. Here NWD is the collection of all compact nowhere dense subsets directed partial orders (P, # P ) and (Q, #Q ), we say that P is Tukey reducible to Q, in symbols P # T Q

Moore, Justin Tatch

128

A G IDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A G IDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY ORDER JUSTIN TATCH above NWD in the Tukey order. Here NWD is the collection of all compact nowhere dense subsets directed partial orders (P, P ) and (Q, Q), we say that P is Tukey reducible to Q, in symbols P T Q

Moore, Justin Tatch

129

Linear Transformer Ideal Transformer Consider linear and ideal transformers attached to Circuit 1 and Circuit 2.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linear Transformer Ideal Transformer I1 + V2 _ + V1 _ Consider linear and ideal transformers in linear transformer equations for :MLL ,, 21 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 12212212 2 1 112 2 12 2 1 2212 2 PP Now solve the linear transformer equations for the currents: 1 212 2 22 2 1 2 1 212 2 22 12 2 2 2

Kozick, Richard J.

130

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

131

Idealized Test Cases for Dynamical Core Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Idealized Test Cases for Dynamical Core Experiments Christiane Jablonowski (University of Michigan-13/2006 #12;Motivation · Test cases for 3D dynamical cores on the sphere ­ are hard to find in the literature groups ­ lack standardized & easy-to-use analysis techniques · Idea: Establish a collection of test cases

Jablonowski, Christiane

132

Homological Invariants of Monomial and Binomial Ideals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It is known, due to G. Lyubeznik, that arithmetic rank of a square-free monomial ideal I is at least the projective dimension of R/I. As an application of the results in Chapter 2, we show in Chapter 4 that the multiplicity conjectures of J. Herzog, C. Huneke...

Kummini, Neelakandhan Manoj

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

133

The minimal number of generators of an invertible ideal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The minimal number of generators of an invertible ideal Bruce Olberding1 and Moshe Roitman2 1 New of an integral ideal). We denote the minimal number of generators of an ideal I of R by R(I). If R is a Dedekind ideal I; moreover, I is strongly 2- generated, in the sense that one of the generators can

Olberding, Bruce

134

What's an ideal energy efficiency project?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What?s an ideal energy efficiency project? 1 The Supermarket Industry 2 Supermarket Industry ? The?Project ? The?Challenges ? The?Benefits 3 How it started 4 The Project ? Supermarkets?? built?to?waste ?No...?natural?lighting?or?poor?design ? Excessive?artificial?lighting ?Open?refrigerated?cabinets ?Massive?heat/cool?fighting 5 What does this cause? ?Very?large?lighting?loads ? Increased?glare ?Huge?refrigeration?loads ?Cold?customers ? Increased?space?heating ?Poor...

Dazeley, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Dark energy from cosmological fluids obeying a Shan-Chen non-ideal equation of state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe with a fluid source obeying a non-ideal equation of state with "asymptotic freedom," namely ideal gas behavior (pressure changes directly proportional to density changes) both at low and high density regimes, following a fluid dynamical model due to Shan and Chen. It is shown that, starting from an ordinary energy density component, such fluids naturally evolve towards a universe with a substantial "dark energy" component at the present time, with no need of invoking any cosmological constant. Moreover, we introduce a quantitative indicator of darkness abundance, which provides a consistent picture of the actual matter-energy content of the universe.

Bini, Donato; Gregoris, Daniele; Succi, Sauro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Dark energy from cosmological fluids obeying a Shan-Chen non-ideal equation of state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe with a fluid source obeying a non-ideal equation of state with "asymptotic freedom," namely ideal gas behavior (pressure changes directly proportional to density changes) both at low and high density regimes, following a fluid dynamical model due to Shan and Chen. It is shown that, starting from an ordinary energy density component, such fluids naturally evolve towards a universe with a substantial "dark energy" component at the present time, with no need of invoking any cosmological constant. Moreover, we introduce a quantitative indicator of darkness abundance, which provides a consistent picture of the actual matter-energy content of the universe.

Donato Bini; Andrea Geralico; Daniele Gregoris; Sauro Succi

2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

137

Ideal pre-conceptual design development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A preconceptual design has been produced for a plasma device to further divertor concepts and validate technology in support of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor program. The ITER Diverter Experiment and Laboratory (IDEAL) design effort is to develop a reliable, maintainable and robust facility for steady-state divertor simulation experiments. The configuration includes a 30 meter vacuum vessel, enclosed within a set of 30 high field superconducting solenoid modules, a resistive quadrupole coil set, a radio-frequency heating system and a complement of diagnostics. It is planned to utilize existing facilities, and off-the-shelf hardware, wherever possible to maximize technological return on investment.

Gentzlinger, R.; Mendelsohn, S.; Abel, B. [Grumman Corp., Princeton, NJ (United States)] [and others

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

138

Concerning the Nature of the Cosmic Ray Power Law Exponents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have recently shown that the cosmic ray energy distributions as detected on earthbound, low flying balloon or high flying satellite detectors can be computed by employing the heats of evaporation of high energy particles from astrophysical sources. In this manner, the experimentally well known power law exponents of the cosmic ray energy distribution have been theoretically computed as 2.701178 for the case of ideal Bose statistics, 3.000000 for the case of ideal Boltzmann statistics and 3.151374 for the case of ideal Fermi statistics. By "ideal" we mean virtually zero mass (i.e. ultra-relativistic) and noninteracting. These results are in excellent agreement with the experimental indices of 2.7 with a shift to 3.1 at the high energy ~ PeV "knee" in the energy distribution. Our purpose here is to discuss the nature of cosmic ray power law exponents obtained by employing conventional thermal quantum field theoretical models such as quantum chromodynamics to the cosmic ray sources in a thermodynamic scheme wherein gamma and zeta function regulation is employed. The key reason for the surprising accuracy of the ideal boson and ideal fermion cases resides in the asymptotic freedom or equivalently the Feynman "parton" structure of the ultra-high energy tails of spectral functions.

A. Widom; J. Swain; Y. N. Srivastava

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

139

Global invariants in ideal magnetohydrodynamic turbulence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence is an important though incompletely understood factor affecting the dynamics of many astrophysical, geophysical, and technological plasmas. As an approximation, viscosity and resistivity may be ignored, and ideal MHD turbulence may be investigated by statistical methods. Incompressibility is also assumed and finite Fourier series are used to represent the turbulent velocity and magnetic field. The resulting model dynamical system consists of a set of independent Fourier coefficients that form a canonical ensemble described by a Gaussian probability density function (PDF). This PDF is similar in form to that of Boltzmann, except that its argument may contain not just the energy multiplied by an inverse temperature, but also two other invariant integrals, the cross helicity and magnetic helicity, each multiplied by its own inverse temperature. However, the cross and magnetic helicities, as usually defined, are not invariant in the presence of overall rotation or a mean magnetic field, respectively. Although the generalized form of the magnetic helicity is known, a generalized cross helicity may also be found, by adding terms that are linear in the mean magnetic field and angular rotation vectors, respectively. These general forms are invariant even in the presence of overall rotation and a mean magnetic field. We derive these general forms, explore their properties, examine how they extend the statistical theory of ideal MHD turbulence, and discuss how our results may be affected by dissipation and forcing.

Shebalin, John V. [Astromaterials Research Office, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas 77058-3696 (United States)] [Astromaterials Research Office, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas 77058-3696 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

An ideal sealed source life-cycle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the last 40 years, barriers to compliant and timely disposition of radioactive sealed sources have become apparent. The story starts with the explosive growth of nuclear gauging technologies in the 1960s. Dozens of companies in the US manufactured sources and many more created nuclear solutions to industrial gauging problems. Today they do not yet know how many Cat 1, 2, or 3 sources there are in the US. There are, at minimum, tens of thousands of sources, perhaps hundreds of thousands of sources. Affordable transportation solutions to consolidate all of these sources and disposition pathways for these sources do not exist. The root problem seems to be a lack of necessary regulatory framework that has allowed all of these problems to accumulate with no national plan for solving the problem. In the 1960s, Pu-238 displaced Pu-239 for most neutron and alpha source applications. In the 1970s, the availability of inexpensive Am-241 resulted in a proliferation of low energy gamma sources used in nuclear gauging, well logging, pacemakers, and X-ray fluorescence applications for example. In the 1980s, rapid expansion of worldwide petroleum exploration resulted in the expansion of Am-241 sources into international locations. Improvements of technology and regulation resulted in a change in isotopic distribution as Am-241 made Pu-239 and Pu-238 obsolete. Many early nuclear gauge technologies have been made obsolete as they were replaced by non-nuclear technoogies. With uncertainties in source end of life disposition and increased requirements for sealed source security, nuclear gauging technology is the last choice for modern process engineering gauging solutions. Over the same period, much was learned about licensing LLW disposition facilities as evident by the closure of early disposition facilities like Maxey Flats. The current difficulties in sealed source disposition start with adoption of the NLLW policy act of 1985, which created the state LLW compact system they we have today. This regulation created a new regulatory framework seen as promising at the time. However, now they recognize that, despite the good intentions, the NIJWP/85 has not solved any source disposition problems. The answer to these sealed source disposition problems is to adopt a philosophy to correct these regulatory issues, determine an interim solution, execute that solution until there is a minimal backlog of sources to deal with, and then let the mechanisms they have created solve this problem into the foreseeable future. The primary philosophical tenet of the ideal sealed source life cycle follows. You do not allow the creation (or importation) of any source whose use cannot be justified, which cannot be affordably shipped, or that does not have a well-delinated and affordable disposition pathway. The path forward dictates that we fix the problem by embracing the Ideal Source Life cycle. In figure 1, we can see some of the elements of the ideal source life cycle. The life cycle is broken down into four portions, manufacture, use, consolidation, and disposition. These four arbitrary elements allow them to focus on the ideal life cycle phases that every source should go through between manufacture and final disposition. As we examine the various phases of the sealed source life cycle, they pick specific examples and explore the adoption of the ideal life cycle model.

Tompkins, Joseph Andrew [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

AVOIDING FAMILIES AND TUKEY FUNCTIONS ON THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AVOIDING FAMILIES AND TUKEY FUNCTIONS ON THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL SLAWOMIR SOLECKI AND STEVO TODORCEVIC Abstract. We investigate Tukey functions from the ideal of all closed nowhere dense subsets of 2N . In particular, we answer an old question of Isbell and Fremlin by showing that this ideal is not Tukey reducible

Solecki, Slawomir

142

AVOIDING FAMILIES AND TUKEY FUNCTIONS ON THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AVOIDING FAMILIES AND TUKEY FUNCTIONS ON THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL S_LAWOMIR SOLECKI AND STEVO TODORCEVIC Abstract. We investigate Tukey functions from of Isbell and Fremlin by showing that this ideal is not Tukey reducible to the ideal of density zero

Solecki, Slawomir

143

Gas-dynamic characteristics of a noise and heat insulating jacket on a gas turbine in a gas pumping plant on emergency disconnection of the cooling fans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper discusses the operation of a gas turbine plant (GTP) when the fans in ... NHJ by a fan. The operation of gas-pumping plant involves working with brief (10 ... describing the motion of an ideal thermally...

P. V. Trusov; D. A. Charntsev; I. R. Kats

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

The Gas Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the total output of towns' gas in Great Britain, distributes annually approximately as much energy as the whole of the electrical undertakings in the country. The industry has reason ... any actual thermal process, and the operations of the gas industry are not outside the ambit of the second law of thermodynamics, high though the efficiency of the carbonising process ...

J. S. G. THOMAS

1924-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

145

A GffiIDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY ORDER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A GffiIDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY ORDER-ideal of compact sets which is strictly above NWD in the Tukey order. Here NWD is the collection orders (P, P ) and (Q, Q ), we say that P is Tukey reducible to Q, in symbols P T Q

Solecki, Slawomir

146

Beijing Ideal land Technology Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Beijing Ideal land Technology Development Co Ltd Beijing Ideal land Technology Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Beijing Ideal-land Technology Development Co Ltd Place China Sector Biofuels Product Biofuels ( Private / family-controlled ) References Beijing Ideal-land Technology Development Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Beijing Ideal-land Technology Development Co Ltd is a company located in China . References ↑ "Beijing Ideal-land Technology Development Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Beijing_Ideal_land_Technology_Development_Co_Ltd&oldid=342614" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs

147

Chinese Business Law Postgraduate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intellectual property law 4 2 · Explanation of IPR basics · Strategic considerations · Avoiding IPR problems

Einmahl, Uwe

148

SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES San Diego, California, USA 14 ­ 15 June 2011 The First Law of energy conservation was even known (Joule 1843) and long before Thermodynamic concepts were, including this one. The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance

Kostic, Milivoje M.

149

Tax Treatment of Natural Gas The "landowner" referred to in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. There are a number of oil and gas regulations and laws such as the Oil and Gas Act, Coal and Gas Resource Coor OGM, including the Clean Streams Law, the Dam Safety and Encroach- ments Act, the Solid Waste Manage advances in drilling technology and rising natural gas prices have attracted new interest

Boyer, Elizabeth W.

150

On properties of Velikhov-Chandrasekhar MRI in ideal and non-ideal plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conditions of Velikhov-Chandrasekhar magneto-rotational instability in ideal and non-ideal plasmas are examined. Linear WKB analysis of hydromagnetic axially symmetric flows shows that in the Rayleigh-unstable hydrodynamic case where the angular momentum decreases with radius, the MRI branch becomes stable, and the magnetic field suppresses the Rayleigh instability at small wavelengths. We investigate the limiting transition from hydromagnetic flows to hydrodynamic flows. The Rayleigh mode smoothly transits to the hydrodynamic case, while the Velikhov-Chandrasekhar MRI mode completely disappears without the magnetic field. The effects of viscosity and magnetic diffusivity in plasma on the MRI conditions in thin accretion discs are studied. We find the limits on the mean free-path of ions allowing MRI to operate in such discs.

Shakura, N I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Rate Reduction - SoCalGas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Rate Natural Gas Rate Reduction - SoCalGas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Rate Reduction - SoCalGas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Rate Reduction - SoCalGas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Rate Reduction - SoCalGas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Rate Reduction - SoCalGas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Rate Reduction - SoCalGas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Rate Reduction - SoCalGas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Rate Reduction - SoCalGas Southern California Gas Company (SoCalGas) offers natural gas at discounted

152

Measuring the Entropy and Testing the Second Law of Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evidence implies that basic laws of thermodynamics must be tested by experiments. In this paper, an experiment is designed to measure the entropy of a system with at least one known (measurable) equation of state, especially the gas systems. Since the entropy can be measured now, the formulae related to the second law of thermodynamics can be examined by other experiments.

Bin Zhou

2002-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

153

On F p-ideals. . . . . . and Tukey reducibility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On F p-ideals. . . . . . and Tukey reducibility Tam´as M´atrai Highland Park Florida February 28, 2010 #12;The result (P(), ) {F § ¦ ¤ ¥ p-ideals partially ordered by § ¦ ¤ ¥ Tukey reducibility } #12;The result (P(), ) {F § ¦ ¤ ¥ p-ideals partially ordered by § ¦ ¤ ¥ Tukey reducibility } I (P

Mátrai, Tamás

154

Optimizing Nanoparticle Designs to Reach Ideal Light Absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ideal absorption describes a particular means of optimizing light-matter interactions with a host of potential applications. This work presents new analytic formulas and describes semi-analytical methods for the design of electric or magnetic ideal absorption in nanoparticles. These formulas indicate that ideal absorption is attainable in homogeneous spheres with known materials at specific sizes and frequencies. They also provide a means of designing core-shell particles to produce ideal absorption at virtually any frequency in the visible and near infrared range.

Grigoriev, Victor; Wenger, Jerome; Stout, Brian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Water, law, science  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.

Narasimhan, T.N.

2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

156

Efficient Heat Engines and Heat Pumps (10 credits) The aim of the module is to introduce the various ideal thermodynamic cycles that form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient Heat Engines and Heat Pumps (10 credits) The aim of the module is to introduce the various ideal thermodynamic cycles that form the basis for power generation, heat pumping and IC Engines performance. Syllabus Heat Engines and Heat Pumps · Second Law of Thermodynamics, Concept

Miall, Chris

157

Scattering of Slow Neutrons from Propane Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of the partial differential neutron scattering cross sections for room-temperature propane gas are reported. These measurements were made at incident energies of 0.0101, 0.0254, 0.0736, and 0.102 ev at seven scattering angles between 16.3 and 84.7 using the Materials Testing Reactor phased chopper velocity selector. The data are converted to the scattering-law presentation and compared with three theoretical calculations: (a) The ideal gas, using an effective mass obtained from an average of the mass tensors for the three types of H atoms in propane, gives poor agreement. (b) The Krieger-Nelkin approximation, which includes the effect of zero-point vibrations, gives limited agreement for energy transfer less than 0.5kBT at intermediate momentum transfers. At large momentum transfers where vibrational effects become important it underestimates the cross section. (c) A modification of the Krieger-Nelkin theory that includes the effects of single-quantum transitions from the three lowest vibrational states gives better agreement. The discrepancies still present at large momentum and energy transfers are attributed to an uncertainty in the methyl-group barrier height for the three lowest energy modes, to the harmonic oscillator approximation for these modes, and to the approximate molecular orientation averaging used in the calculation.

K. A. Strong; G. D. Marshall; R. M. Brugger; P. D. Randolph

1962-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Reviving Telecommunications Surveillance Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2:27:00 PM Reviving Telecommunications Surveillance Law Paulif there was too much telecommunications surveillance in thewe can think of each telecommunications surveillance statute

Schwartz, Paul M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

third law of thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

third law of thermodynamics [The statement that the entropy of any perfect crystalline substance becomes zero at the absolute zero of temperature] ? dritter thermodynamischer Hauptsatz m, Nernstscher...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Benefits  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Benefits Benefits to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Benefits on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Benefits on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Benefits on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Benefits on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Benefits on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Benefits on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Benefits and Considerations Compressed and liquefied natural gas are clean, domestically produced alternative fuels. Using these fuels in natural gas vehicles increases

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Graphene Oxide as an Ideal Substrate for Hydrogen Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Graphene Oxide as an Ideal Substrate for Hydrogen Storage ... Organometallic nanomaterials hold the promise for molecular hydrogen (H2) storage by providing nearly ideal binding strength to H2 for room-temperature applications. ... graphene oxide; titanium anchoring; hydrogenation; hydrogen storage; first-principles computations ...

Lu Wang; Kyuho Lee; Yi-Yang Sun; Michael Lucking; Zhongfang Chen; Ji Jun Zhao; Shengbai B. Zhang

2009-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

162

Second Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... One of the best, because most general, of the conventional statements of the Second Law is that the only processes that can happen spontaneously are those in which the entropy ... Is anything gained by yet another addition to the anthology of statements of the Second Law ? I believe that it is illuminating to see that the arcane world of ...

D. R. WILKIE

1973-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

163

Second Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... SIR,-In a recent article1 Hillel proposes a statement of the Second Law of Thermodynamics which he claims is consistent with the time reversal symmetry of the microscopic laws of ... physical processes (such as K meson decay) which are asymmetric in time independently of thermodynamics. Hillel's remarks are thus a statement about time and not about ...

P. C. W. DAVIES

1974-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

164

Partial Understanding Idealization and the Aims of Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

describe nearly any actual systems. Cartwright gives as an example Newton's law of universal gravitation generalization achieved by the human mind" (1967, p.14). Yet the law of universal gravitation ignores laws, understood as exceptionless regularities that are universal in scope. One influential critic

Machery, Edouard

165

LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

provide the arena in which the petroleum and mining conduct their operations, including the specific

Evans, Paul

166

Concerning the Nature of the Cosmic Ray Power Law Exponents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have recently shown that the cosmic ray energy distributions as detected on earthbound, low flying balloon or high flying satellite detectors can be computed by employing the heats of evaporation of high energy particles from astrophysical sources. In this manner, the experimentally well known power law exponents of the cosmic ray energy distribution have been theoretically computed as 2.701178 for the case of ideal Bose statistics, 3.000000 for the case of ideal Boltzmann statistics and 3.151374 for the case of ideal Fermi statistics. By "ideal" we mean virtually zero mass (i.e. ultra-relativistic) and noninteracting. These results are in excellent agreement with the experimental indices of 2.7 with a shift to 3.1 at the high energy ~ PeV "knee" in the energy distribution. Our purpose here is to discuss the nature of cosmic ray power law exponents obtained by employing conventional thermal quantum field theoretical models such as quantum chromodynamics to the cosmic ray sources in a thermodynamic scheme w...

Widom, A; Srivastava, Y N

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Aerosol Effects on Idealized Supercell Thunderstorms in Different Environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Idealized supercell thunderstorms are simulated with the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model at 15 cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentrations (10010 000 cm?3) using four environmental soundings with different low-level relative ...

Evan A. Kalina; Katja Friedrich; Hugh Morrison; George H. Bryan

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Mathematics Ethics in German Idealism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kant Aesthetics Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Mathematics Ethics in German Idealism Social of Historical Capital Ottoman Paleography Turkish Folk Literature History and Technology Philosophy in the Islamic World Philosophy of Art Philosophy of Cognitive Science Philosophy of Education Education

169

Ideal Configuration For Nanoscale Solar Cells - Energy Innovation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SummaryThe standard design of excitonic solar cells, which includes most organic-based solar cells, is ideal in only two out of three dimensions. In other words, excitons can...

170

Warm Conveyor Belts in Idealized Moist Baroclinic Wave Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This idealized modeling study of moist baroclinic waves addresses the formation of moist ascending airstreams, so-called warm conveyor belts (WCBs), their characteristics, and their significance for the downstream flow evolution. Baroclinic wave ...

Sebastian Schemm; Heini Wernli; Lukas Papritz

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

The Structure of Idealized Upper-Tropospheric Shear Lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure of idealized two-dimensional shear lines has been calculated for specified tropopause potential temperature anomalies. A cold anomaly corresponds to an intrusion of stratospheric air into the troposphere. A balanced hydrostatic ...

Martin Juckes

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Eddy Influences on Hadley Circulations: Simulations with an Idealized GCM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An idealized GCM is used to investigate how the strength and meridional extent of the Hadley circulation depend on the planet radius, rotation rate, and thermal driving. Over wide parameter ranges, the strength and meridional extent of the Hadley ...

Christopher C. Walker; Tapio Schneider

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Chapter 3 - The First Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter briefly reviews the history of some of the key experiments and ideas that led to the development of the first law of thermodynamics. Then the first law is presented and some of its implications discussed. At this time several new variables are introduced: internal energy (E), which is a state function; work (w) and heat (q), which are path-dependent functions; enthalpy (H), which is a state function; and the constant-pressure and constant-volume heat capacities (CP and CV). Pressure-volume work, indicator diagrams, and the concept of reversibility are described. Then the first law is applied to reversible processes involving ideal gases (e.g., isothermal, isobaric, isochoric, and adiabatic changes of state). The different amounts of work done by reversible and irreversible processes are described. The thermal structure of convective regions of planetary atmospheres is described and the dry (i.e., cloud-free) adiabatic lapse rate is derived. The chapter closes with a discussion of other types of work (e.g., chemical, electrochemical, gravitational, magnetic, and mechanical).

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Second Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... In fact this is not original; nor is it a statement of the Second Law. A similar but more extensive statement, made more meaningful by an additional sentence* ... is happening can be made to do useful work.

A. C. LEGON

1973-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

175

Strip Mine Law (Missouri)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This law authorizes the Land Reclamation Commission of the Department of Natural Resources to adopt and promulgate rules and regulations pertaining to strip mining of coal and reclamation, review...

176

Robot task planning in a non-ideal blocks world  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ROBOT TASK PLANNING IN A NON-IDEAL BLOCKS WORLD A Thesis by VASUDEV RANGADASS Submitted to the Graduate College Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1988 Major Subject...: Computer Science ROBOT TASK PLANNING IN A NON-IDEAL BLOCKS WORLD A Thesis by VASUDEV RANGADASS Approved as to style and content by: Amitabha Mu ee (Chairman of Committee) Glen Williams (Member) Arun Sen (Member) Glen Williams (Head...

Rangadass, Vasudev

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

177

On a -ideal of compact sets Tamas Matrai,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

subsets of 2 and prove that it is not Tukey reducible to the ideal I1/n = {H : hH 1/h , Tukey reducibility 2000 MSC: 03E15, 54H05, 28A05 1. Complexity of -ideals of compact sets Let X". The notion of complexity we are concerned with in the present note is Tukey reducibility, i.e. the comparison

Mátrai, Tamás

178

Forecast and Control Methods of Landfill Emission Gas to Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main component of landfill gas is CH4, its release is a potential hazard to the environment. To understand the gas law and landfill gas production are the prerequisite for effective control of landfill gas. This paper selects three kinds of typical ... Keywords: Landfill gas, German model, IPCC model, Marticorena dynamic model

Wang Qi; Yang Meihua; Wang Jie

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

MathematicalGeology, Vol. 11,No. I,1979 Modeling and Optimizing a Gas-Water Reservoir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of gas in psia pressure of gas in psia at time t constant production rate of gas in moles per year production rate at time t in moles per year ideal gas constant constant rate of water injection in cubic feet of the reservoir in cubic feet, below which gas production ceases initial reservoir volume in cubic feet reservoir

Waterman, Michael S.

180

Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law (Tennessee) | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law (Tennessee) Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law (Tennessee) Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law (Tennessee) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Transportation Utility Program Info State Tennessee Program Type Fees Rebate Program Siting and Permitting Provider Tennessee Department of Revenue The Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law is relevant to all natural gas and/or biofuel projects. Compressed Natural Gas CNG, petroleum product and/or alternative dealers must apply for and obtain a permit from the Tennessee Department of Revenue. The permit authorizes the dealer to collect and remit taxes on CNG delivered to motor vehicles by means of a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Technical Note Methane gas migration through geomembranes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Fick's law. This chart can be used by landfill designers to evaluate the methane gas transmission rate for a selected geomembrane type and thickness and expected methane gas pressure in the landfill. KEYWORDS landfill usually consists, from bottom to top, of: graded landfill surface; a gas-venting layer; a low

182

Chapter 3 Property Law  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter examines the economics of property rights and property law. It shows how the economics of property rights can be used to understand fundamental features of property law and related extra-legal institutions. The chapter examines both the rationale for legal doctrine, and the effects of legal doctrine regarding the exercise, enforcement, and transfer of rights. It also examines various property rights regimes including open access, private ownership, common property, and state property. The guiding questions are: How are property rights established? What explains the variation in the types of property rights? What governs the use and transfer of rights? And, how are property rights enforced? In answering these questions we argue that property rights and property law can be best understood as a system of societal rules designed to maximize social wealth. They do this by creating incentives for people to maintain and invest in assets, which leads to specialization and trade.

Dean Lueck; Thomas J. Miceli

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Natural Gas Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Fuel Prices Find natural gas fuel prices and trends. Natural gas is a domestically produced gaseous fuel, readily available

184

PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS, & LAW& LAW& LAW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS, & LAW& LAW& LAW This interdisciplinary major combines, in a systematic and structured way, basic education in philosophy, political by the rigor of philosophy and its attention to foundational issues who are also interested in politics and law

Krylov, Anna I.

185

Some remarks on black hole temperature and the second law of thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I present a formulation of the second law of thermodynamics in the presence of black holes which makes use of the efficiency of an ideal machine extracting heat cyclically from a black hole. The Carnot coefficient is found and it is shown to be a simple function of the mass.

M. Scandurra

2001-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

186

Bose-Einstein condensation in finite noninteracting systems: A relativistic gas with pair production. II  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An asymptotic evaluation of the specific heat of an ideal relativistic Bose gas confined to a cuboidal enclosure (L1L2L3) is carried out, under periodic boundary conditions, taking into account the possibility of particle-antiparticle pair production in the system. Finite-size corrections to the standard bulk behavior are calculated explicitly in the regions t>0 and t0 finite-size corrections turn out to be exponential for all geometries, for t<0 this is true only in the case of a film; for other geometries, such as a cuboid or a rectangular channel, these corrections conform to a power law instead. Finally, we consider the situation in the core region, where | Lit |=O(1), and examine the location t* and the height c?* of the specific-heat maximum; finite-size corrections in this region turn out to be O(L<-1), where L< denotes the shortest side of the enclosure.

Surjit Singh and R. K. Pathria

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

A Lattice Boltzmann model for diffusion of binary gas mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

used. This is fundamentally unsuitable for extension to multi-component systems containing gases of differing molecular masses that are modelled with the ideal gas equation of state. Also, existing methods for implementing boundary conditions...

Bennett, Sam

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

188

Performance Assessment of a Recuperative Helium Gas Turbine System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Helium is considered an ideal working fluid for closed cycle gas turbines powered by the heat of nuclear reactors or solar concentrators. Energetic and exergetic based thermodynamic analyses ... applied to an act...

Rami Salah El-Emam; Ibrahim Dincer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Third Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new formulation of the third law is proposed stating a universal connection between the lower limits of the energy and the entropy of any physical system. As consequences of the new theorem are derived the Nernst heat theorem, a theorem concerning the lowest energy state of mixtures, and the nondegeneracy of the energetic ground state of physical systems.

Gottfried Falk

1959-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

Natural Gas Exports from Iran  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This assessment of the natural gas sector in Iran, with a focus on Irans natural gas exports, was prepared pursuant to section 505 (a) of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law No: 112-158). As requested, it includes: (1) an assessment of exports of natural gas from Iran; (2) an identification of the countries that purchase the most natural gas from Iran; (3) an assessment of alternative supplies of natural gas available to those countries; (4) an assessment of the impact a reduction in exports of natural gas from Iran would have on global natural gas supplies and the price of natural gas, especially in countries identified under number (2); and (5) such other information as the Administrator considers appropriate.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Metering  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Metering Natural Gas Metering to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Metering on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Metering on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Metering on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Metering on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Metering on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Metering on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Metering Individuals who use natural gas for residential or other tax-free purposes may not use natural gas in motor vehicles unless the natural gas is obtained through a separate meter installed by the alternative fuels

192

The Thermodynamics Laws from The Law of Stable Equilibrium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics and the Two Property Rule are derived from the Law of Stable Equilibrium. The treatment is simpler ... Haywood (2). It is aimed at thermodynamics courses for engineerin...

P. H. Brazier

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Local Energetics of an Idealized Baroclinic Wave Using Extended Exergy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of local extended exergy is here applied to an idealized, dry, and reversible-adiabatic cyclone development. The extended exergy as well as the kinetic energy are decomposed into a mean part, defined by a zonal average, and into a ...

Fred Kucharski; Alan J. Thorpe

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

An ideal independent source as an equivalent 1-port  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a 1-port, not necessarily linear, with a dependent source, appearing at the port. The control of the source is entirely internal for the 1-port. If this source is a parallel voltage source, then the equivalent circuit is an ideal independent voltage source, and if it is a series current source, then the equivalent circuit is an ideal independent current source. (As usual, "ideal" source is defined as a source whose proposed function is independent of the load.) In the simple LTI case, these results can be obtained, respectively, by either taking RTh zero in the Thevenin equivalent, or taking RN infinite in the Norton equivalent; however the very fact that the final circuits do not include any linear elements indicates the possibility of generalization to nonlinear 1-ports. Some limitations on the circuit's structure (functional dependencies in it) are required, and the clearness of these limitations, i.e. clearness of the conditions for the 1-port to be an ideal source for any load, is the aesthetical point.

Emanuel Gluskin; Anatoly Patlakh

2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

195

Multiple Steady States in Ideal Two-Product Distillation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiple Steady States in Ideal Two-Product Distillation Elling W. Jacobsen and Sigurd Skogestad Chemical Engineering Dept., University of Trondheim-NTH, N-7034 Trondheim, Norway Simple distillation and compositions in the column. Introduction Multiple steady states (multiplicity) in distillation columns have

Skogestad, Sigurd

196

A new shock-capturing numerical scheme for ideal hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new algorithm for solving ideal relativistic hydrodynamics based on Godunov method with an exact solution of Riemann problem for an arbitrary equation of state. Standard numerical tests are executed, such as the sound wave propagation and the shock tube problem. Low numerical viscosity and high precision are attained with proper discretization.

Zuzana Feckova; Boris Tomasik

2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

197

A new shock-capturing numerical scheme for ideal hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new algorithm for solving ideal relativistic hydrodynamics based on Godunov method with an exact solution of Riemann problem for an arbitrary equation of state. Standard numerical tests are executed, such as the sound wave propagation and the shock tube problem. Low numerical viscosity and high precision are attained with proper discretization.

Feckova, Zuzana

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

[1987] On complete ideals in regular local rings.pdf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

since L59 is an S-ideal, we have. L25 c L15 (1 3375". As above, then ..... Let y E f_'{m,,,} be such that (9x,sf = (11. Since cal/paw is artinian (2.2)(ii), there exists a...

199

FEM3C, An improved three-dimensional heavy-gas dispersion model: User`s manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

FEM3C is another upgraded version of FEM3 (a three-dimensional Finite Element Model), which was developed primarily for simulating the atmospheric dispersion of heavier-than-air gas (or heavy gas) releases, based on solving the fully three-dimensional, time-dependent conservation equations of mass, momentum, energy, and species of an inert gas or a pollutant in the form of vapor/droplets. A generalized anelastic approximation, together with the ideal gas law for the density of the gas/air mixture, is invoked to preclude sound waves and allow large density variations in both space and time. Thee numerical algorithm utilizes a modified Galerkin finite element method to discretize spatially the time-dependent conservation equations of mass, momentum, energy, and species. A consistent pressure Poisson equation is formed and solved separately from the time-dependent equations, which are sequentially solved and integrated in time via a modified forward Euler method. The model can handle instantaneous source, finite-duration, and continuous releases. Also, it is capable of treating terrain and obstructions. Besides a K-theory model using similarity functions, an advanced turbulence model based on solving the k - {var_epsilon} transport equations is available as well. Imbedded in the code are also options for solving the Boussinesq equations. In this report, an overview of the model is given, user`s guides for using the model are provided, and example problems are presented to illustrate the usage of the model.

Chan, S.T.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

FACULTY OF LAW Centre for Commercial Law Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACULTY OF LAW Centre for Commercial Law Studies SEMINAR ON FINANCIAL REGULATORY REFORM Obama recently signed into law a package of financial regulatory reforms unparalleled in scope and depth since the 1930s. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act is intended

Tan, Chew Lim

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Law Behind Second Law of Thermodynamics --Unification with Cosmology--  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In an abstract setting of a general classical mechanical system as a model for the universe we set up a general formalism for a law behind the second law of thermodynamics, i.e. really for "initial conditions". We propose a unification with the other laws by requiring similar symmetry and locality properties.

Holger B. Nielsen; Masao Ninomiya

2006-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

202

Bound on viscosity and the generalized second law of thermodynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a new paradox for ideal fluids. It arises in the accretion of an ideal fluid onto a black hole, where, under suitable boundary conditions, the flow can violate the generalized second law of thermodynamics. The paradox indicates that there is in fact a lower bound to the correlation length of any real fluid, the value of which is determined by the thermodynamic properties of that fluid. We observe that the universal bound on entropy, itself suggested by the generalized second law, puts a lower bound on the correlation length of any fluid in terms of its specific entropy. With the help of a new, efficient estimate for the viscosity of liquids, we argue that this also means that viscosity is bounded from below in a way reminiscent of the conjectured Kovtun-Son-Starinets lower bound on the ratio of viscosity to entropy density. We conclude that much light may be shed on the Kovtun-Son-Starinets bound by suitable arguments based on the generalized second law.

Fouxon, Itzhak; Betschart, Gerold; Bekenstein, Jacob D. [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

203

Bound on viscosity and the generalized second law of thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe a new paradox for ideal fluids. It arises in the accretion of an ideal fluid onto a black hole, where, under suitable boundary conditions, the flow can violate the generalized second law of thermodynamics. The paradox indicates that there is in fact a lower bound to the correlation length of any real fluid, the value of which is determined by the thermodynamic properties of that fluid. We observe that the universal bound on entropy, itself suggested by the generalized second law, puts a lower bound on the correlation length of any fluid in terms of its specific entropy. With the help of a new, efficient estimate for the viscosity of liquids, we argue that this also means that viscosity is bounded from below in a way reminiscent of the conjectured Kovtun-Son-Starinets lower bound on the ratio of viscosity to entropy density. We conclude that much light may be shed on the Kovtun-Son-Starinets bound by suitable arguments based on the generalized second law.

Itzhak Fouxon; Gerold Betschart; Jacob D. Bekenstein

2008-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

204

The Second Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents the second law of thermodynamics. This law will conform to your intuitiononce you understand its significance and can apply it properly to both closed and open systems.

Dwight C. Look Jr.; Harry J. Sauer Jr.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

APSUO By-laws  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advanced Photon Source Users Organization By-laws Advanced Photon Source Users Organization By-laws Name This organization will be called the Advanced Photon Source Users Organization (APSUO). Purpose The purpose of this Organization is to facilitate the availability and effective use of the Advanced Photon Source by the synchrotron radiation research community so that the greatest overall scientific and technical benefits are realized. Organization Membership All badged APS users are APSUO members. Meetings Annual User Meetings will be held at the APS site. The APSUO Steering Committee shall be responsible for the programs of the User Meetings. APSUO members shall receive appropriate advance notice of the Meetings. Steering Committee A Steering Committee will conduct the business of the APSUO. Four members

206

Exergy Analysis of Exhaust-Gas of Burning Liquefied-Gas in a Chinese Kitchen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The research analyzes distribution laws of exhaust-gas of burning liquefied-gas in closed kitchen without any kitchen hood or fan with the exergy indicator; and compares the distribution results from the exergy analysis with those from the concentration ... Keywords: Exhaust-gas, exergy distribution, CFD simulation, tecplot fitting

Ao Yong-an; Gao Xing-quan; Shen Lin; Wang Yue-ren; Feng Guo-hui

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Ethics and Law  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ethics are the set of moral rules that govern human conduct. Hegel for his part asserted that ethicity implied the full realization of freedom as well as the suppression of it as arbitrariness. In this paper we point out that through the relation between Law and Ethics we can discover how high are the Ethics of a society as well as the adherence of its members to it.

Andrs Vilacoba Ramos

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Covered Product Category: Commercial Gas Water Heaters  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including commercial gas water heaters, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

209

Covered Product Category: Residential Gas Furnaces  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential gas furnaces, which are an ENERGY STAR-qualified product category. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

210

Laws and Requirements | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Laws and Requirements Laws and Requirements To help agencies comply with federal laws and requirements, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) analyzes energy management...

211

Fisher info and thermodynamics' first law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

theory, that thermodynamics ?rst law (TFL) can bewhich is a Fishers thermodynamics ?rst-law: note that theone can derive thermodynamics ?rst law for the Fisher

Plastino, A; Plastino, A R; Soffer, Bernard H

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Natural Gas Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Vehicles

213

Numerical study of unsteady, thermally stratified flow in an idealized thermoacoustic stack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A computational model for the simulation of unsteady thermally stratified flow within an idealized thermoacoustic stack is developed. The model is based on a vorticity?based formulation of the low?Mach?number conservation equations. The numerical scheme combines fast Poisson solvers with domain decomposition/boundary Greens?function techniques. The model is applied to analyze the response of the stack to imposed finite?amplitude acoustic oscillations. Computed results are used to visualize the essential features of the vorticity field and temperature distribution quantify the heat transfer between the gas and plates and analyze thermal and mechanical energy losses. [The work of A.S.W. and O.M.K. is supported by the Office of Naval Research. R.K. is partially supported by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG).

Aniruddha S. Worlikar; Omar M. Knio; Rupert Klein

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Symmetry group analysis of an ideal plastic flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we study the Lie point symmetry group of a system describing an ideal plastic plane flow in two dimensions in order to find analytical solutions. The infinitesimal generators that span the Lie algebra for this system are obtained. We completely classify the subalgebras of up to codimension two in conjugacy classes under the action of the symmetry group. Based on invariant forms, we use Ansatzes to compute symmetry reductions in such a way that the obtained solutions cover simultaneously many invariant and partially invariant solutions. We calculate solutions of the algebraic, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric and elliptic type. Some solutions depending on one or two arbitrary functions of one variable have also been found. In some cases, the shape of a potentially feasible extrusion die corresponding to the solution is deduced. These tools could be used to thin, curve, undulate or shape a ring in an ideal plastic material.

Vincent Lamothe

2011-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

215

THE STAR FORMATION LAW AT LOW SURFACE DENSITY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the nature of the star formation law at low gas surface densities using a sample of 19 low surface brightness (LSB) galaxies with existing H I maps in the literature, UV imaging from the Galaxy Evolution Explorer satellite, and optical images from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. All of the LSB galaxies have (NUV - r) colors similar to those for higher surface brightness star-forming galaxies of similar luminosity indicating that their average star formation histories are not very different. Based upon four LSB galaxies with both UV and far-infrared (FIR) data, we find FIR/UV ratios significantly less than 1, implying low amounts of internal UV extinction in LSB galaxies. We use the UV images and H I maps to measure the star formation rate (SFR) and hydrogen gas surface density within the same region for all the galaxies. The LSB galaxy star formation rate surface densities lie below the extrapolation of the power law fit to the SFR surface density as a function of the total gas density for higher surface brightness galaxies. Although there is more scatter, the LSB galaxies also lie below a second version of the star formation law in which the SFR surface density is correlated with the gas density divided by the orbital time in the disk. The downturn seen in both star formation laws is consistent with theoretical models that predict lower star formation efficiencies in LSB galaxies due to the declining molecular fraction with decreasing density.

Wyder, Ted K.; Martin, D. Christopher; Barlow, Tom A.; Foster, Karl; Friedman, Peter G.; Morrissey, Patrick; Neill, James D. [California Institute of Technology, MC 278-17, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Neff, Susan G. [Laboratory for Astronomy and Solar Physics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, 20771 (United States); Schiminovich, David [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Seibert, Mark; Madore, Barry F. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Bianchi, Luciana [Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Donas, Jose; Milliard, Bruno [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, BP 8, Traverse du Siphon, 13376 Marseille Cedex 12 (France); Heckman, Timothy M.; Szalay, Alex S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Homewood Campus, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Lee, Young-Wook; Yi, Sukyoung K. [Center for Space Astrophysics, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Rich, R. Michael [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

2009-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

216

Nonaxisymmetric magnetorotational instability in ideal and viscous plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The excitation of magnetorotational instability (MRI) in rotating laboratory plasmas is investigated. In contrast to astrophysical plasmas, in which gravitation plays an important role, in laboratory plasmas it can be neglected and the plasma rotation is equilibrated by the pressure gradient. The analysis is restricted to the simple model of a magnetic confinement configuration with cylindrical symmetry, in which nonaxisymmetric perturbations are investigated using the local approximation. Starting from the simplest case of an ideal plasma, the corresponding dispersion relations are derived for more complicated models including the physical effects of parallel and perpendicular viscosities. The Friemann-Rotenberg approach used for ideal plasmas is generalized for the viscous model and an analytical expression for the instability boundary is obtained. It is shown that, in addition to the standard effect of radial derivative of the rotation frequency (the Velikhov effect), which can be destabilizing or stabilizing depending on the sign of this derivative in the ideal plasma, there is a destabilizing effect proportional to the fourth power of the rotation frequency, or, what is the same, to the square of the plasma pressure gradient, and to the square of the azimuthal mode number of the perturbations. It is shown that the instability boundary also depends on the product of the plasma pressure and density gradients, which has a destabilizing effect when it is negative. In the case of parallel viscosity, the MRI looks like an ideal instability independent of viscosity, while, in the case of strong perpendicular viscosity, it is a dissipative instability with the growth rate inversely proportional to the characteristic viscous decay rate. We point out, however, that the modes of the continuous range of the magnetohydrodynamics spectrum are not taken into account in this paper, and they can be more dangerous than those that are considered.

Mikhailovskii, A. B.; Erokhin, N. N. [Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, 1, Kurchatov Sq., Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); Lominadze, J. G. [Kharadze Abastumani National Astrophysical Observatory, 2a, Kazbegi Ave., Tbilisi 0160, Georgia (United States); Galvao, R. M. O. [Physics Institute, University of Sao Paulo, Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Brazilian Center for Physics Research, Rua Xavier Sigaud, 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Churikov, A. P. [Syzran Branch of Samara Technical University, 45, Sovetskaya Str., Syzran, Samara Region 446001 (Russian Federation); Smolyakov, A. I. [Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, 1, Kurchatov Sq., Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); University of Saskatchewan, 116 Science Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5E2 (Canada); Tsypin, V. S. [Brazilian Center for Physics Research, Rua Xavier Sigaud, 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Viscosity of an ideal relativistic quantum fluid: A perturbative study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that a quantized ideal fluid will generally exhibit a small but non-zero viscosity due to the backreaction of quantum soundwaves on the background. We use an effective field theory expansion to estimate this viscosity to first order in perturbation theory. We discuss our results, and whether this estimate can be used to obtain a more model-independent estimate of the "quantum bound" on the viscosity of physical systems

Giorgio Torrieri

2011-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

218

Utility Energy Service Contracts Laws and Regulations | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Contracts Laws and Regulations Contracts Laws and Regulations Utility Energy Service Contracts Laws and Regulations October 7, 2013 - 2:19pm Addthis The Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992 authorizes and encourages Federal agencies to participate in utility energy efficiency programs. Legislation authorizing utility energy service contracts (UESCs) is outlined below, along with legal opinions outlining the use of UESCs by Federal agencies. Laws and Regulations 42 USC Section 8256 (Energy Policy Act of 1992): Incentives for Federal agencies, legislation addressing contracts, the Federal Energy Efficiency Fund, utility incentive programs, and the Financial Incentive Program for Facility Energy Managers. 10 USC Section 2913: Outlines energy savings contracts and related activities, shared energy savings contracts, participation in gas or

219

Numerical solutions of ideal quantum gas dynamical flows governed by semiclassical ellipsoidal-statistical distribution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to cover the high-energy tail of the distribution...mass, momentum and energy, but differs from the...2000 Fundamentals of carrier transport, 2nd edn...G . 2005 Nanoscale energy transport and conversion : a parallel treatment...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Reynolds and Favre-averaged rapid distortion theory for compressible, ideal-gas turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conditions. Plotted for a range of gradient Mach numbers Mg: ?: 0.01; +: 0.29; ?: 0.72; ?:1.00; triangle: 1.44; ?: 2.88; square: 5.76; ?: 14.4; trianglesolid: 28.8; diamondsolid: 288; squaresolid: 2880. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23... represent - solid line: pressure-released limit; squaresolid: Mg = 2880. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 xi FIGURE Page 8 Normalized solenoidal (ks/k) and dilatational (kd/k) kinetic energy plots with solenoidal initial...

Lavin, Tucker Alan

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Henry's law, surface tension, and surface adsorption in dilute binary mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Henry's law, surface tension, and surface adsorption in dilute binary mixtures Akira Onukia. The solute partitioning between gas and liquid Henry's law and the surface tension change are discussed fraction X and the temperature-derivative / T cx,p of the surface tension at fixed pressure p

222

Everyday Environmentalism: Law, Nature & Individual Behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review: Everyday Environmentalism: Law, Nature & IndividualJason J . Everyday Environmentalism: Law, Nature &this book to "promote environmentally conscious decision-

Anderson, Byron P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation

224

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement

225

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation

226

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation

227

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Requirement

228

2-D numerical simulation of digital rock experiments with lattice gas automation for electrical properties of reservoir formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......41074103 from National Natural Science Foundation...law from lattice-gas hydrodynamics, Phys...equation using a lattice gas Boltzmann method...1991b. Lattice gas automata for flow...Logging Analysist, Corpus Christi, TX, 1982 July......

Wenzheng Yue; Guo Tao; Shangxu Wang; Bin Tian

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Gas Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Liquefied Gas Tax to Liquefied Gas Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Gas Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Gas Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Gas Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Gas Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Gas Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Gas Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Liquefied Gas Tax A use tax of $0.14 per gallon is imposed on liquefied gas used for operating motor vehicles on public highways in addition to a pre-paid annual vehicle tax according to the following: Maximum Gross Vehicle Weight Rating Tax

230

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Tax to Natural Gas Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Tax Operators of motor vehicles capable of using compressed or liquefied natural gas must pay an annual flat rate privilege tax if the vehicle has a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,000 pounds (lbs.) or less. Natural

231

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Tax to Natural Gas Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Tax Natural gas used to propel a motor vehicle is not subject to the state gasoline tax, but is subject to sales and use tax. (Reference Vermont Statutes Title 32, Chapter 233, Section 9741, and Title 23, Chapter 28,

232

Methodology for Predicting Water Content in Supercritical Gas Vapor and Gas Solubility in Aqueous Phase for Natural Gas Process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The streams in the natural gas process contain light hydrocarbons, mainly methane and ethane, associated with non-hydrocarbon supercritical gases (nitrogen, hydrogen, argon, etc.). ... For system that contains supercritical gases, the gas solubility in water can be related to the Henry's law constant. ...

Chorng H. Twu; Suphat Watanasiri; Vince Tassone

2007-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

233

On Hacks law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. Hacks law is reviewed, emphasizing its implications for the elongation of river basins as well as its connections with their fractal characteristics. The relation between Hacks law and the internal structure of river basins is investigated experimentally through digital elevation models. It is found that Hacks exponent, elongation, and some relevant fractal characters are closely related. The self-affine character of basin boundaries is shown to be connected to the power law decay of the probability of total contributing areas at any link and to Hacks law. An explanation for Hacks law is derived from scaling arguments. From the results we suggest that a statistical framework referring to the scaling invariance of the entire basin structure should be used in the interpretation of Hacks law.

Riccardo Rigon; Ignacio Rodriguez-iturbe; Amos Maritan; Achille Giacometti; David G. Tarboton; Andrea Rinaldo

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Ideal MHD stability calculations in axisymmetric toroidal coordinate systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A scalar form of the ideal MHD energy principle is shown to provide a more accurate and efficient numerical method for determining the stability of an axisymmetric toroidal equilibrium than the usual vector form. Additional improvement is obtained by employing a class of straight magnetic field line flux coordinates which allow for an optimal choice of the poloidal angle in the minor cross section of the torus. The usefulness of these techniques is illustrated by a study (using a new code, PEST 2) of the convergence properties of the finite element Galerkin representation in tokamak and spheromak geometries, and by the accurate determination of critical ? values for ballooning modes.

R.C Grimm; R.L Dewar; J Manickam

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Attitudes toward gun control laws.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Recently, empirical attention has been directed toward understanding public opinion about gun control laws. Despite this focus, three gaps are evident in extant scholarship. First, (more)

Borkowski, Elizabeth.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Solar Easements and Rights Laws  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Solar access provisions in the General Laws of Massachusetts allow for the creation of voluntary solar easements to protect solar exposure and authorizes zoning rules that prohibit unreasonable...

237

The Second Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Is it not true that the Second Law of ... of Thermodynamics is contradicted by the known facts of diffusion? When, for instance, masses of ...

M. A. BROWNE

1905-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

238

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid dynamo operator and of the corresponding group it generates for an ideally conducting fluid, 2001 Abstract The spectrum of the kinematic dynamo operator

Montgomery-Smith, Stephen

239

Idealized annually averaged Macroturbulent Hadley 3 Circulation in a Shallow Water Model 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 1 2 Idealized annually averaged Macroturbulent Hadley 3 Circulation driven Hadley 25 circulation is studied using an idealized shallow water model, is predicted by an effective macroturbulent Hadley circulation 32 Prandtl number, Pr

Harnik, Nili

240

Natural Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

30 May 1974 research-article Natural Gas C. P. Coppack This paper reviews the world's existing natural gas reserves and future expectations, together with natural gas consumption in 1972, by main geographic...

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

An Energy Principle for Ideal MHD Equilibria with Flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the standard ideal MHD energy principle for equilibria with no flows, the stability criterion, which is the defi niteness of the perturbed potential energy, is usually constructed from the linearized equation of motion. Equivalently while more straightforwardly, it can also be obtained from the second variation of the Hamiltonian calculated with proper constraints. For equilibria with flows, a stability criterion was proposed from the linearized equation of motion, but not explained as an energy principle1. In this paper, the second variation of the Hamiltonian is found to provide a stability criterion equivalent to, while more straightforward than, what was constructed from the linearized equation of motion. To calculate the variations of the Hamiltonian, a complete set of constraints on the dynamics of the perturbations is derived from the Euler-Poincare structure of the ideal MHD. In addition, a previous calculation of the second variation of the Hamiltonian was claimed to give a different stability criterion2, and in this paper we argue such a claim is incorrect.

Yao Zhou and Hong Qin

2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

242

Gas Storage Act (Illinois) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Gas Storage Act (Illinois) Gas Storage Act (Illinois) Gas Storage Act (Illinois) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Utility Program Info State Illinois Program Type Environmental Regulations Safety and Operational Guidelines Siting and Permitting Provider Illinois Commerce Commission Any corporation which is engaged in or desires to engage in, the distribution, transportation or storage of natural gas or manufactured gas, which gas, in whole or in part, is intended for ultimate distribution to the public in the State of Illinois, if the said business of such corporation is regulated or subject to regulation under either the laws of the State of Illinois or the laws of the United States, shall have the right to enter upon, take or damage private property or any interest

243

Global lateral buckling analysis of idealized subsea pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to avoid the curing effects of paraffin on the transport process and reduce the transport difficulty, usually high temperature and high pressure are used in the transportation of oil and gas. The differe...

Run Liu ??; Wen-bin Liu ???; Xin-li Wu ???

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid C. Chicone #3; , Y, magnetohydrodynam- ics, ideally conducting uid, spectral mapping theorems, weighted composition operators, USA June 16, 2001 Abstract The spectrum of the kinematic dynamo operator for an ideally con- ducting

Montgomery-Smith, Stephen

245

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid C. Chicone , Y, magnetohydrodynam- ics, ideally conducting fluid, spectral mapping theorems, weighted composition operators, USA June 16, 2001 Abstract The spectrum of the kinematic dynamo operator for an ideally con- ducting

Montgomery-Smith, Stephen

246

Vehicle Technologies Office: Natural Gas Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Natural Gas Research Natural Gas Research Natural gas offers tremendous opportunities for reducing the use of petroleum in transportation. Medium and heavy-duty fleets, which have significant potential to use natural gas, currently consume more than a third of the petroleum in transportation in the U.S. Natural gas is an excellent fit for a wide range of heavy-duty applications, especially transit buses, refuse haulers, and Class 8 long-haul or delivery trucks. In addition, natural gas can be a very good choice for light-duty vehicle fleets with central refueling. See the Alternative Fuels Data Center for a description of the uses and benefits of natural gas vehicles or its Laws and Incentives database for information on tax incentives. The Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) supports the development of natural gas engines and research into renewable natural gas production.

247

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Tax to Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Tax Effective September 1, 2013, compressed natural gas and liquefied natural gas dispensed into a motor vehicle will be taxed at a rate of $0.15 per gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) or diesel gallon equivalent (DGE),

248

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Liquefied Petroleum Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License

249

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Gas Vehicle Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

250

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Production and Distribution  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Production Production and Distribution to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Production and Distribution on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Production and Distribution on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Production and Distribution on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Production and Distribution on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Production and Distribution on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Production and Distribution on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Production & Distribution Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Production and Distribution

251

A New Polyethylene Scattering Law Determined Using Inelastic Neutron Scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monte Carlo neutron transport codes such as MCNP rely on accurate data for nuclear physics cross-sections to produce accurate results. At low energy, this takes the form of scattering laws based on the dynamic structure factor, S (Q, E). High density polyethylene (HDPE) is frequently employed as a neutron moderator at both high and low temperatures, however the only cross-sections available are for T =300 K, and the evaluation has not been updated in quite some time. In this paper we describe inelastic neutron scattering measurements on HDPE at 5 and 300 K which are used to improve the scattering law for HDPE. We describe the experimental methods, review some of the past HDPE scattering laws, and compare computations using these models to the measured S (Q, E). The total cross-section is compared to available data, and the treatment of the carbon secondary scatterer as a free gas is assessed. We also discuss the use of the measurement itself as a scattering law via the 1 phonon approximation. We show that a scattering law computed using a more detailed model for the Generalized Density of States (GDOS) compares more favorably to this experiment, suggesting that inelastic neutron scattering can play an important role in both the development and validation of new scattering laws for Monte Carlo work.

Lavelle, Christopher M [ORNL; Liu, C [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Stone, Matthew B [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Compressed natural gas measurement issues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition`s Measurement and Metering Task Group (MMTG) was established on July 1st, 1992 to develop suggested revisions to National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) Handbook 44-1992 (Specifications, Tolerances, and Other Technical Requirements for Weighing and Measuring Devices) and NIST Handbook 130-1991 (Uniform Laws & Regulations). Specifically, the suggested revisions will address the sale and measurement of compressed natural gas when sold as a motor vehicle fuel. This paper briefly discusses the activities of the MMTG and its interaction with NIST. The paper also discusses the Institute of Gas Technology`s (IGT) support of the MMTG in the area of natural gas composition, their impact on metering technology applicable to high pressure fueling stations as well as conversion factors for the establishment of ``gallon gasoline equivalent`` of natural gas. The final portion of this paper discusses IGT`s meter research activities and its meter test facility.

Blazek, C.F.; Kinast, J.A.; Freeman, P.M.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

253

Path-Integral Monte Carlo And The Squeezed Trapped Bose-Einstein Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Path-Integral Monte Carlo And The Squeezed Trapped Bose-Einstein Gas Juan Pablo Fernández1 the gas becomes effectively two-dimensional (2D). We confirm the plausibility of this result by performing different estimates for the condensate fraction. For the ideal gas, we find that the PIMC column density

Mullin, William J.

254

A one-dimensional model of vertical gas plume migration through a heterogeneous porous medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A one-dimensional model of vertical gas plume migration through a heterogeneous porous medium and consequent global warming. Ideally, the injected greenhouse gas stays in the injection zone for a geologic or inadvertently created conduits in the cap rock may result in a gas leakage from primary storage. Even

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

255

E-Print Network 3.0 - argon gas pressure Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pressure of each gas in the chamber atmosphere... Bio390 Problem: Gas Laws thanks to Dr. J.F. Anderson, Dept. ... Source: Prestwich, Ken - Biology Department, College of the Holy...

256

Law-066812 - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence Division  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Law-066812 Law-066812 MATERIALS SCIENCE COLLOQUIUM SPEAKER: PROF. MATT LAW University of California - Irvine TITLE: "Developing Earth Abundant and Quantum Dot Materials for Thin-Film Photovoltaics" DATE: Thursday, June 28, 2012 TIME: 11:00 a.m. PLACE: Building 212 / A-157 HOST: TBA Refreshments will be served at 10:45 a.m. ABSTRACT: This talk describes projects in our group to develop thin-film photovoltaics based on earth-abundant iron pyrite (FeS2) active layers and PbSe quantum dot (QD) solids. I will first introduce the promise and challenge of pyrite, describe solution- and gas-phase syntheses of pyrite films, and present preliminary electrical characterization of pyrite layers and device stacks. Then I will switch gears to highlight several projects

257

Technetium Retention During LAW Vitrification  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Technetium Retention During Technetium Retention During LAW Vitrification Ian L. Pegg Vitreous State Laboratory The Catholic University of America Washington, DC November 18, 2010 Overview * Tc in borosilcate glass structure * Re as a surrogate for Tc * Summary of previous data on Tc incorporation into LAW glass * Summary of results from ongoing test program * Single-pass retention vs. retention with recycle * Tc volatilization during container filling Tc in LAW Glass Structure * Tc is present as Tc 7+ and Tc 4+ * Tc 7+ is dominant in more oxidized glasses and Tc 4+ is dominant in reduced glasses * Strongly reducing conditions produce Tc 0 * The structure and local environment of Tc in WTP LAW glasses has been investigated by: * Synchrotron X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy * Lukens, McKeown, Buechele, Muller, Shuh, and Pegg, Chem. Mater., 19, 559 (2007)

258

Louisiana Air Control Law (Louisiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This law states regulations for air quality control and states the powers and duties of the secretary of environmental quality. It provides information about permits and licenses, air quality...

259

Missouri Air Conservation Law (Missouri)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This law's purpose is to maintain the purity of the air resources of the state to protect the health, general welfare and physical property of the people, maximum employment and the full industrial...

260

Risk assessment and the law  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Risk assessment and the law ... I am not at all sure that federal judges, immune from the political process, should ever be involved, under any circumstances, as arbiters of the degree of risk acceptable to the public. ...

1980-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The Second Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... be faced by every student attempting to grasp for himself the significance of the second law of ... of thermodynamics. As I, with difficulty and without much help from the text-books, extricated ...

F. SODDY

1905-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

262

The Third Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... 1956, the late Sir Francis Simon gives a historical and critical survey of the third law of ... of thermodynamics. In 1906, in a paper entitled "On the Calculation of Chemical Equilibria from ...

S. WEINTROUB

1957-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

263

The Second Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In our qualitative description of processes we have already emphasized the trend of any isolated system towards an unique and stable equilibrium state. The Second Law of Thermodynamics is the quantitative formula...

Henning Struchtrup

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Public Law 104-134  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4-134 4-134 Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-134) Updated April 30, 1999 The President has signed into law historic legislation having a major impact on the way the Federal Government makes payments and collects its debts. Within the Omnibus Consolidated Rescissions and Appropriations Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-134) is the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996. The legislation provides an excellent opportunity for the Federal Government to move toward its goal of increased electronic commerce and improved cash and debt collection management. It is our intent to expeditiously implement the law to fulfill the Congressional mandate. The Act will enhance debt collection Government-wide, as well as mandate the use of electronic funds transfer (EFT) for Federal payments, allow Federal Reserve Bank

265

Commutation Relations and Conservation Laws  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The response of a physical system to external electromagnetic and gravitational fields, as embodied in the electric current and stress tensor conservation laws, is used to derive the equal-time commutation relations for charge density and energy density.

Julian Schwinger

1963-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Securities Law Issues Relating to Community Solar Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The law firm Stoel Rives has analyzed the issues related to Securities Law and Community Solar both in the context of Washington state law and federal law.

267

Louisiana Hazardous Waste Control Law (Louisiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality is responsible for administering the Louisiana Hazardous Waste Control Law and the regulations created under that law.

268

Laws & Legal Resources | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Laws & Legal Resources Laws & Legal Resources Library Books | Credit: GC Photographer Daniel Zazueta Library Books | Credit: GC Photographer Daniel Zazueta Looking for... Online...

269

PBMR as an Ideal Heat Source for High-Temperature Process Heat Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR) is an advanced helium-cooled, graphite-moderated High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR). A 400 MWt PBMR Demonstration Power Plant (DPP) for the production of electricity is being developed in South Africa. This PBMR technology is also an ideal heat source for process heat applications, including Steam Methane Reforming, steam for Oil Sands bitumen recovery, Hydrogen Production and co-generation (process heat and/or electricity and/or process steam) for petrochemical industries. The cycle configuration used to transport the heat of the reactor to the process plant or to convert the reactor's heat into electricity or steam directly influences the cycle efficiency and plant economics. The choice of cycle configuration depends on the process requirements and is influenced by practical considerations, component and material limitations, maintenance, controllability, safety, performance, risk and cost. This paper provides an overview of the use of a PBMR reactor for process applications and possible cycle configurations are presented for applications which require high temperature process heat and/or electricity. (authors)

Correia, Michael; Greyvenstein, Renee [PBMR - Pty Ltd., 1279 Mike Crawford Avenue, Centurion, 0046 (South Africa); Silady, Fred; Penfield, Scott [Technology Insights, 6540 Lusk Blvd, Suite C-102, San Diego, California 92121 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Detonation shock dynamics calibration for non-ideal HE: ANFO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Linear D{sub n}-{kappa} detonation shock dynamics (DSD) filling forms are obtained for four ammonium nitrate-fuel oil (ANFO) mixtures involving variations in the ammonium nitrate prill properties and ANFO stoichiometries. The detonation of ammonium nitrate-fuel oil (ANFO) mixtures is considered to be highly nonideal involving long reaction zones ({approx} several cms), low detonation energies and large failure diameters ({approx} 10s-100s cms). A number of experimental programs have been undertaken to understand ANFO detonation properties as a function of the AN properties [1]-[7]. Given the highly heterogeneous nature of ANFO mixtures (typical high explosive (HE) grade AN prills are porous with a range of diameters) a predictive reactive flow simulation of ANFO detonation will present significant challenges. At Los Alamos, a simulation capability has been developed for predicting the propagation of detonation in non-ideal HE and the work conducted on surrounding materials via a combination of a detonation shock dynamics (DSD) approach and a modified programmed burn method known as the pseudo-reaction-zone (or PRZ) method that accounts for the long detonation reaction zone. In the following, linear D{sub n}-{kappa} DSD fitting forms are obtained for four ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixtures involving variation in the ammonium nitrate prill properties and ANFO stoichiometries. A detonation shock dynamics calibration for ANFO consisting of regular porous HE grade AN in a 94/6 wt.% AN to FO mix has been obtained in [7].

Short, Mark [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Salyer, Terry R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Aslam, Tariq D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kiyanda, Charles B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morris, John S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zimmerley, Tony [NEW MEXICO TECH

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Ideal magnetohydrodynamic equilibrium in a non-symmetric topological torus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An alternative representation of an ideal magnetohydrodynamic equilibrium is developed. The representation is a variation of one given by A. Salat, Phys. Plasmas 2, 1652 (1995). The system of equations is used to study the possibility of non-symmetric equilibria in a topological torus, here an approximate rectangular parallelopiped, with periodicity in two of the three rectangular coordinates. An expansion is carried out in the deviation of pressure surfaces from planes. Resonances are manifest in the process. Nonetheless, provided the magnetic shear is small, it is shown that it is possible to select the magnetic fields and flux surfaces in such a manner that no singularities appear on resonant surfaces. One boundary surface of the parallelopiped is not arbitrary but is dependent on the equilibrium in question. A comparison of the solution sets of axisymmetric and non-axisymmetric equilibria suggests that the latter have a wider class of possible boundary shapes but more restrictive rotational transform profiles. No proof of convergence of the series is given.

Weitzner, Harold [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10012 (United States)] [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10012 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

Gas Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When the gas turbine generator was introduced to the power generation ... fossil-fueled power plant. Twenty years later, gas turbines were established as an important means of ... on utility systems. By the early...

Jeffrey M. Smith

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Gas Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the time to separate out the essentials and the irrelevancies in a text-book. The gas ...gasturbine ...

H. CONSTANT

1950-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

274

GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CONSORTIUM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. To accomplish this objective, the project is divided into three phases that are managed and directed by the GSTC Coordinator. Base funding for the consortium is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). In addition, funding is anticipated from the Gas Technology Institute (GTI). The first phase, Phase 1A, was initiated on September 30, 2003, and is scheduled for completion on March 31, 2004. Phase 1A of the project includes the creation of the GSTC structure, development of constitution (by-laws) for the consortium, and development and refinement of a technical approach (work plan) for deliverability enhancement and reservoir management. This report deals with the second 3-months of the project and encompasses the period December 31, 2003, through March 31, 2003. During this 3-month, the dialogue of individuals representing the storage industry, universities and the Department of energy was continued and resulted in a constitution for the operation of the consortium and a draft of the initial Request for Proposals (RFP).

Robert W. Watson

2004-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

275

Covered Product Category: Residential Gas Storage Water Heaters  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including gas storage water heaters, which are an ENERGY STAR-qualified product category. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

276

Nonequivalence of the Nernst-Simon and unattainability statements of the third law of thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ideal quantum gases satisfying Bose-Einstein statistics in d dimensions (d=1,2,3,. . .) provide illuminating apparent counterexamples to the often-supposed equivalence of the Nernst-Simon and unattainability statements of the third law of thermodynamics. These gases satisfy the second law of thermodynamics and the Nernst-Simon and Planck statements of the third law but appear to violate, at least in a technical sense, the unattainability statement. They do so by virtue of the fact that their entropy vanishes at nonzero temperature and bounded pressure. Possible objections to the counterexamples are examined and additional counterexamples are produced with the same mechanism. An interpretation of this nonequivalence is proposed in terms of a statement about the kinds of Hamiltonians found in nature.

John C. Wheeler

1991-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

It's a Gas Robert D. Pike Literate Software Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It's a Gas Robert D. Pike 1 16 19 22 27 33 41 46 49 67 71 76 79 2 34 52 59 3 35 60 4 31 61 5 28 53. Cholesterol drugs 8. Acidic gas 11. Roundabouts 16. Fertilizer gas 17. Just like 18. It's called a "tall" at Starbucks 19. Excited 20. Caught 21. Hues 22. Deep sleep cycles 23. Law suit goal sometimes 26. Unfixed gas

Pike, Robert D.

278

Deviations from chain ideality : are they detectable in simulations and neutron scattering of polyisobutylene ?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The Flory ideality hypothesis states that flexible polymer chains in a melt assume the shape of three-dimensional random walks leading to so called Gaussian coils. (more)

Zabel, Julia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Kepler's Laws The equation of motion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a gravitational field created by point mass that is fixed at the origin. FIGURE Newton's laws give the basic. By Newton's law on gravition, the force exerted by the fixed mass on the movable mass is in the direction and Kepler's laws imply the universal law on gravitation. See ??? 2 #12;the the semimajor axis of the ellipse

Knörrer, Horst

280

SMITH IDEALS OF STRUCTURED RING SPECTRA Abstract. Pursuing ideas of Jeff Smith, we develop a homotopy theory of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SMITH IDEALS OF STRUCTURED RING SPECTRA MARK HOVEY Abstract. Pursuing ideas of Jeff Smith, we develop a homotopy theory of ideals of monoids in a symmetric monoidal model category. This includes Smith ideals of structured ring spectra and of differential graded algebras. Such Smith ideals

Hovey, Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Colorado Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells ...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Colorado Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

282

California Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) California Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

283

Louisiana Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Louisiana Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

284

Michigan Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells ...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Michigan Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

285

Oklahoma Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Oklahoma Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

286

Virginia Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells ...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Virginia Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

287

Tennessee Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Tennessee Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

288

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

289

Arkansas Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells ...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Arkansas Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

290

Maryland Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells ...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Maryland Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

291

Illinois Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Illinois Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

292

Missouri Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells ...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Missouri Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

293

Mississippi Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Mississippi Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

294

Nebraska Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells ...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Nebraska Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

295

A statistical review of the oxygen data from the gas generation tests supporting the revision of the 9975 SARP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Chemical and Hydrogen Technology Section (CHT) of the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) has conducted a series of gas generation tests in support of the revision of the safety analysis report for packaging (SARP) for the 9975 container, developed at the Savannah River Site (SRS). The Packaging and Transportation Group of SRTC is coordinating the revision to this SARP. A Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan directing this work was issued by CHT in February 1999. Initially, the primary interest in this testing was hydrogen generation. From these ``gas generation tests can be tracked in real-time by measuring the pressure of a sealed container of the materials being studied. Because multiple gas phase reactions are produced in the radiation field of the sample, material pressure measurements do not necessarily define the quantity of H{sub 2} generated. However, the change in total molecules of gas can be calculated using the ideal gas law from the pressure measurement, known container volume and sample temperature. A measurement of the actual headspace gases must be completed to calculate the H{sub 2} generation rate for a particular sample.'' As the results from these tests were reviewed, however, questions arose regarding the oxygen in the headspace gases. Specifically, do the data from some tests indicate that oxygen was generated for those tests? And do the data for other tests indicate that the oxygen was depleted for them? A statistical analysis of the oxygen data derived from these tests is provided in this report to help answer these questions.

Edwards, T.B.

2000-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

296

Star Formation in Isolated Disk Galaxies. II. Schmidt Laws and Efficiency of Gravitational Collapse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Abridged). We model gravitational instability in a wide range of isolated disk galaxies, using GADGET, a three-dimensional, smoothed particle hydrodynamics code. The model galaxies include a dark matter halo and a disk of stars and isothermal gas. The global Schmidt law observed in disk galaxies is quantitatively reproduced by our models. We find that the surface density of star formation rate directly correlates with the strength of local gravitational instability. The local Schmidt laws of individual galaxies in our models show clear evidence of star formation thresholds. Our results suggest that the non-linear development of gravitational instability determines the local and global Schmidt laws, and the star formation thresholds.

Yuexing Li; Mordecai-Mark Mac Low; Ralf S. Klessen

2006-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

297

Direct Discovery Prospects for the Light CP-odd Higgs Boson of NMSSM Ideal Higgs Scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct Discovery Prospects for the Light CP-odd Higgs Boson of NMSSM Ideal Higgs Scenarios Jack on the following papers with R. Dermisek: · New constraints on a light CP-odd Higgs boson and related NMSSM Ideal CP-odd Higgs boson at the Tevatron and LHC. Published in Phys.Rev.D81:055001,2010, arXiv:0911

California at Santa Cruz, University of

298

Phenomenological study of parabolic and spherical indentation of elastic-ideally plastic material  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenomenological study of parabolic and spherical indentation of elastic-ideally plastic material O ideally plastic materials was carried out by using precise results of finite elements calculations behaviour is found. Two elastic-plastic regimes and two plastic regimes are observed for materials of very

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

299

Nuclear and Trace Ideals in Tensored \\LambdaCategories Samson Abramsky \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear and Trace Ideals in Tensored \\Lambda­Categories Samson Abramsky \\Lambda Department of his 60th birthday. Abstract We generalize the notion of nuclear maps from functional analysis by defining nuclear ideals in tensored \\Lambda­categories. The motivation for this study came from attempts

Blute, Richard

300

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid C. Chicone \\Lambda operator and of the corresponding group it generates for an ideally conducting fluid in the space Columbia, MO 65211, USA April 25, 1997 Abstract The spectrum of the kinematic dynamo operator

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Graded Betti numbers of the path ideals of cycles and lines Ali Alilooee Sara Faridi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graded Betti numbers of the path ideals of cycles and lines Ali Alilooee Sara Faridi February 19 above gives partial information on Betti numbers of path ideals. In this paper we use purely combinatorial arguments based on our results in [1] to give an explicit formula for all the graded Betti numbers

Faridi, Sara

302

Introduction Idealized Moist Jet/Front Waves Ray Tracing Momentum Flux/Forcing Conclusion Gravity Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Idealized Moist Jet/Front Waves Ray Tracing Momentum Flux/Forcing Conclusion Gravity Waves in Moist Baroclinic Jet-Front Systems Junhong Wei, Fuqing Zhang Department of Meteorology The Pennsylvania State University Tuesday 19th August, 2014 #12;Introduction Idealized Moist Jet/Front Waves Ray

Thompson, Anne

303

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Inspection  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Vehicle Vehicle (NGV) Inspection Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Inspection Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Inspection Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Inspection Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Inspection Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Inspection Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Inspection Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

304

Revolution in European nuclear law  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Until now, there has been no European Community Law about nuclear safety. According to decisions of the European Court of Justice (ECJ), the community has the right to regulate this field, but the former policy neglected this. Now, a draft has been published that seems to revolutionise the standards of nuclear safety in Europe.

Wolf-Georg Scharf

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

COLLEGE OF LAW UNDERGRADUATE STUDIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and staff from over forty countries, including countries in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and North and South America. You will make enduring friendships here and build lasting memories of your time with us university research centres in the areas of Environmental and Energy Law and Policy, Criminal Justice

Martin, Ralph R.

306

Philadelphia University Faculty of law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contracts that have economic aspects such as information and technology transfer contracts; also, a brief/2008 Course Syllabus Course code: 410331 Course Title: International Trade Law Course prerequisite (s) and-tarawneh@philadelphia.edu.jo313 Assistant professor Dr. Bassam Tarawneh Course module description: Module name: International

307

Wind Access and Permitting Law  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In July 2009, the Delaware legislature enacted a law ([http://www.legis.delaware.gov/LIS/LIS145.NSF/bfa9b1a8c49c444f852568c0005... HS 1 for H.B. 70]) prohibiting unreasonable public and private...

308

Philadelphia University Faculty of law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of investiture, the theory of adaptation and assignment, and what the Jordanian civil code contains for international judicial competence, the rules of confession, the enforcement of judicial decisions and the foreign arbitration decisions in accordance with the Jordanian law for enforcing foreign decisions

309

The Second Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... CLAUSIUS' supposed deduction of the second law from the ordinary equations of dynamics in the form has been discussed at length by ... form has been discussed at length by Messrs. Larmor and Bryan in their Report on Thermodynamics for the British Association. They accept the deduction on condition that the system be ...

S. H. BURBURY

1893-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

310

Federal Energy Management Program: Laws and Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laws and Laws and Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Laws and Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Laws and Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Laws and Regulations on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Laws and Regulations on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Laws and Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Laws and Regulations on AddThis.com... Requirements by Subject Requirements by Regulation Notices & Rules Guidance Facility Reporting Fleet Reporting Laws and Regulations EISA 432 Compliance Tracking Track Federal agency progress toward Section 432 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 using FEMP's EISA 432 Compliance Tracking

311

Set-valued solutions for non-ideal detonation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The existence and structure of steady gaseous detonation propagating in a packed bed of solid inert particles are analyzed in the one-dimensional approximation by taking into consideration frictional and heat losses between the gas and the particles. A new formulation of the governing equations is introduced that eliminates the well-known difficulties with numerical integration across the sonic singularity in the reactive Euler equations. The new algorithm allows us to determine that the detonation solutions as the loss factors are varied have a set-valued nature at low detonation velocities when the sonic constraint disappears from the solutions. These set-valued solutions correspond to a continuous spectrum of the eigenvalue problem that determines the velocity of the detonation.

Semenko, Roman; Kasimov, Aslan; Ermolaev, Boris

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Motor Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion An eight member Natural Gas Fuel Board (Board) was created to advise the

313

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Retailer License to someone by E-mail Retailer License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License Compressed natural gas, liquefied natural gas, or liquefied petroleum gas

314

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Tax to someone by E-mail Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Tax Effective January 1, 2019, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), compressed natural gas, and liquefied natural gas will be subject to an excise tax at

315

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion The New Jersey Senate urges automobile manufacturers to commercially develop and sell compressed natural gas vehicles in New Jersey and

316

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas and Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax Any individual using or selling compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied

317

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Related Links  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Natural Gas Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Related Links on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Related Links on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Related Links on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Related Links on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Related Links on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Production & Distribution Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives

318

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Safety  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Fuel Natural Gas Fuel Safety to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Safety on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Safety on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Safety on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Safety on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Safety on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Safety on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Maintenance & Safety Fuel System & Cylinders Fuel Safety Traffic Accident Filling CNG Tanks Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Fuel Safety

319

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fueling Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Fueling Fueling Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Fueling Stations Photo of a compressed natural gas fueling station. Hundreds of compressed natural gas (CNG) fueling stations are available in

320

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations Vehicles converted to operate on compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Basics  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Fuel Fuel Basics to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Basics on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Basics on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Basics on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Basics on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Basics on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Basics on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Production & Distribution Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Fuel Basics Photo of a natural gas fuel pump. Natural gas is an odorless, nontoxic, gaseous mixture of hydrocarbons-predominantly methane (CH4). It accounts for about a quarter

322

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate Citizens Gas & Coke Utility (Citizens) offers rebates for qualified

323

The Mathematical Structure of the Second Law of Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The essence of the second law of classical thermodynamics is the `entropy principle' which asserts the existence of an additive and extensive entropy function, S, that is defined for all equilibrium states of thermodynamic systems and whose increase characterizes the possible state changes under adiabatic conditions. It is one of the few really fundamental physical laws (in the sense that no deviation, however tiny, is permitted) and its consequences are far reaching. This principle is independent of models, statistical mechanical or otherwise, and can be understood without recourse to Carnot cycles, ideal gases and other assumptions about such things as `heat', `temperature', `reversible processes', etc., as is usually done. Also the well known formula of statistical mechanics, S = -\\sum p log p, is not needed for the derivation of the entropy principle. This contribution is partly a summary of our joint work (Physics Reports, Vol. 310, 1--96 (1999)) where the existence and uniqueness of S is proved to be a consequence of certain basic properties of the relation of adiabatic accessibility among equilibrium states. We also present some open problems and suggest directions for further study.

Elliott H. Lieb; Jakob Yngvason

2002-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

324

Diffusive limit for the random Lorentz gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review some recent results concerning the derivation of the diffusion equation and the validation of Fick's law for the microscopic model given by the random Lorentz Gas. These results are achieved by using a linear kinetic equation as an intermediate level of description between our original mechanical system and the diffusion equation.

Alessia Nota

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

325

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

,366 ,366 95,493 1.08 0 0.00 1 0.03 29,406 0.56 1,206 0.04 20,328 0.64 146,434 0.73 - Natural Gas 1996 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: South Carolina South Carolina 88. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas South Carolina, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ...........................................

326

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0,216 0,216 50,022 0.56 135 0.00 49 1.67 85,533 1.63 8,455 0.31 45,842 1.45 189,901 0.95 - Natural Gas 1996 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: M a r y l a n d Maryland 68. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Maryland, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 9 7 7 7 8 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 33 28 26 22 135 From Oil Wells ...........................................

327

General Counsel Law Library | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

online legal resources. The doors to the Law Library remain open as long as the Forrestal Building is accessible, however, the lights are turned off at 5:30 each night. The Law...

328

Private Security and the Law, 4 edition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Private Security and the Law, 4th Edition, is a unique resource that provides analysis of practices in the security industry as they relate to law, regulation, licensure, and constitutional questions of case and statutory authority.This ...

Charles Nemeth

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

EU competition law on electricity sector liberalisation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims to study how competition law helps facilitate the process of EU electricity liberalisation and study the use of competition law on the liberalised EU energy market. This paper provides an overview of competition law regarding to purposes of EU competition law and articles 101, 102 and 106 of EC Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The paper explores the role of competition law on EU electricity market liberalisation and focuses on the three main directive packages that transform EU electricity market towards competition. It further explores competition law enforcement that facilitates the structural change in EU electricity sector and discusses how the EU Competition Commission utilise the competition law to decrease market barriers in EU electricity sector. Finally the paper focuses on possible issues for competition law on EU electricity sector, especially on merger and acquisition cases. The last part provides conclusion of the paper.

Pornchai Wisuttisak

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

"Thermodynamics", Temporal Correlations and Scaling Laws  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Articles Thermodynamics, Temporal Correlations and Scaling Laws Hirokazu Fujisaka * Department...equilibrium statistical-thermodynamics, and the temporal correlation...static and dynamic scaling laws of relevant functions characteristic......

Hirokazu Fujisaka

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

checkpoints · Motorcycle helmet mandate · Graduated driver's licenses · Automated speed Belt Law 71% 73% 73% Sobriety Checkpoints 83% 82% 82% Motorcycle Helmet Belt Law 77% 77% 70% Sobriety Checkpoints 91% 91% 90% Motorcycle Helmet

Minnesota, University of

332

Law of Conservation of Muons  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

A multiplicative selection rule for mu meson-electron transitions is proposed. A "muon parity" = -1 is considered for the muon and its neutrino, while the "muon parity" for all other particles is +1. The selection rule then states that (-1) exp(no. of initial (-1) parity particles) = (-1) exp(no. of final (-1) parity particles). Several reactions that are forbidden by an additive law but allowed by the multiplicative law are suggested; these reactions include mu{sup +} .> e{sup +} + nu{sub mu} + {ovr nu}{sub e}, e{sup -} + e{sup -} .> mu{sup -} + mu{sup -}, and muonium .> antimuonium (mu{sup +} + e{sup -} .> mu{sup -} + e{sup +}). An intermediate-boson hypothesis is suggested. (T.F.H.)

Feinberg, G.; Weinberg, S.

1961-02-00T23:59:59.000Z

333

Analyze Data to Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Once the relevant data have been collected, the next step is to identify the biggest building energy users and their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions contribution. Ideally would be done at the program level using actual building characteristic and performance data. However, assumptions may be established about energy performance of buildings based on general location and building type.

334

The Gas Turbine and Its Significance as a Prime Mover  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1885; the Diesel engine, 1895...relating to heat cycles, such as regeneration...reheating came into general application...an ideal power cycle first found an...gas turbines for general prime mover purposes...type of power cycle which followed...turbine, the Diesel engine and the...

C. Richard Soderberg

1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

The Second Law and Statistical Mechanics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The beginning of thermodynamics was around 1850 when both the first and the second law were formulated. The first law is often formulated as: the energy of the world is conserved and the second law as: the entropy of the world increases. These formulations caught general attention. A lot of what happened until 1912 in understanding these two laws is described in a little book by Paul and Tatania Ehrenfest on The conceptual foundation of the statistical approach in mechanics [1].

Dick Bedeaux

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Author Autonomy and Atomism in Copyright Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Law of Property: The Numerus Clausus Principle, 110 Y ALEand Verification: The Numerus Clausus Problem and the

Van Houweling, Molly S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Mechanical Instability and Ideal Shear Strength of Transition Metal Carbides and Nitrides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ideal shear strength of transition metal carbides and nitrides is calculated with the use of the ab initio pseudopotential density functional method. The microscopic mechanism that limits the ideal strength is studied using full atomic and structural relaxation and the results of electronic structure calculations. It is shown that plasticity in perfect crystals can be triggered by electronic instabilities at finite strains. Our study explicitly demonstrates that the ideal strength in these materials is limited by the elastic instability which is in turn initiated by electronic instabilities. The potential application of alloy hardening due to the onset of instabilities at different strains is also discussed.

Jhi, Seung-Hoon; Louie, Steven G.; Cohen, Marvin L.; Morris, J. W.

2001-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

338

Solar access: it's the law  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The contents of the California Solar Rights Act and the California Solar Shade Control Act which may have an impact on the way in which development, particularly housing, is designed and constructed in California, are reviewed. The Solar Rights Act establishes the state government of California as supporting and encouraging solar energy implementation at the local level. The law sets parameters for establishing solar easements, amends the Solar Tax Credit to include costs of easements, prohibits ordinances and private covenants which restrict solar systems, and requires communities to consider passive solar and natural heating and cooling opportunities in new construction. The Solar Rights Act is binding on all charter cities, and is thus applicable to all California cities and counties. The Solar Shade Control Act prohibits the blockage of solar radiation by vegetation to solar collectors which meet certain specific qualifications. Owners of property with unlawful vegetation are subject to criminal charges and fines of up to $500 per day of continued infraction. However, cities and counties may elect to exempt themselves from provisions of the Solar Shade Control Act. This manuscript explains solar access concepts, interprets the legal language of the laws for lay readers, and offers specific planning and design guidelines for use by developers, planners, and government officials in reviewing or developing plans to ensure solar access to structures. Twenty-four illustrations, a glossary, and several practical appendices are offered to assist the reader in understanding and complying with the laws.

Thayer, R.L. Jr.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

A Guide to Careers in Administrative Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? In his work with the Southern Environmental Law Center, Blan Holman advocates preserving, have in common? All of them use the tools of administrative law to effect positive change in policies from food labels to public benefits to nuclear waste disposal. Administrative law refers generally

Wolfe, Patrick J.

340

Today's Material Gauss' Law and Flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the contents of the box, the box must contain zero net electric charge. Slide 27-31 #12;Gauss' Law and Flux: · The Concept of Flux · Calculating Electric Flux · Symmetry · Gauss's Law · Using Gauss's Law · Conductors that the box must contain net positive electric charge. Slide 27-29 #12;© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc

Ashlock, Dan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Kozminski University Warsaw School of Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Conference Co-Chair Professor Christopher Forsyth, Centre for Public Law, University of Cambridge Osnabrück in Domestic Courts Chair: Professor Christopher Forsyth, Centre for Public Law, University of Cambridge Professor Keith Uff, Faculty of Law, University of Birmingham: The recognition of foreign arbitral awards

Steinhoff, Heinz-Jürgen

342

,"Missouri Natural Gas Summary"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas Wells (MMcf)","Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (MMcf)","Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)","Missouri Natural...

343

Oil and Gas Program (Tennessee) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Oil and Gas Program (Tennessee) Oil and Gas Program (Tennessee) Oil and Gas Program (Tennessee) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Tennessee Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Department Of Environment and Conservation The Oil and Gas section of the Tennessee Code, found in Title 60, covers all regulations, licenses, permits, and laws related to the production of natural gas. The laws create the Oil and Gas Board, composed of the commissioner of environment and conservation or the commissioner's designee, who shall act as chair, the designee of the commissioner of

344

E-commerce law Course No.421122U002 Level: Master Department of Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protection Law - Current State and Future Perspectives", High Level Conference (14 pages INTO THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION'S PROPOSAL FOR A NEW EUROPEAN UNION DATA PROTECTION LAW. In: Journal of Internet Law?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/923304727?accountid=14468 3. Moerel, Lokke. (1-5-2011). Back to basics: when does EU data protection law

345

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit

346

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Emissions to someone by E-mail Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions Natural gas burns cleaner than conventional gasoline or diesel due to its

347

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Measurement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Liquefied Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Measurement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Measurement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Measurement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Measurement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Measurement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Measurement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Measurement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Measurement LNG is taxed based on the gasoline gallon equivalent, or 6.6 pounds of LNG

348

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Infrastructure Loans  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Gas Gas Infrastructure Loans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Infrastructure Loans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Infrastructure Loans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Infrastructure Loans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Infrastructure Loans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Infrastructure Loans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Infrastructure Loans on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Infrastructure Loans Effective July 1, 2013, the Wyoming Partnership Challenge (Challenge) may issue loans to businesses for the cost of the engineering, design, real

349

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Study  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Study to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Study on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Study on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Study on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Study on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Study on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Study on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Study By October 13, 2013, the Washington Office of Financial Management must

350

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Station Property Tax Reduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Station Natural Gas Station Property Tax Reduction to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Station Property Tax Reduction on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Station Property Tax Reduction on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Station Property Tax Reduction on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Station Property Tax Reduction on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Station Property Tax Reduction on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Station Property Tax Reduction on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Station Property Tax Reduction

351

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection administers the

352

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates National Grid rebates on a case-by-case basis to customers who purchase

353

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax CNG is taxed at a rate of $0.10 per gallon when used as a motor fuel. CNG

354

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane and Natural Propane and Natural Gas Safety to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane and Natural Gas Safety The Railroad Commission of Texas regulates the safety of the natural gas and propane industries. (Reference Texas Statutes, Natural Resources Code

355

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Availability  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Availability to someone by E-mail Availability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Availability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Availability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Availability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Availability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Availability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Availability on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Vehicle Availability There are limited light- and heavy-duty natural gas vehicles (NGVs)

356

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals Any person operating a vehicle that is capable of using compressed or

357

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans

358

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Tax Credit Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Tax Credit Effective January 1, 2014, a carrier operating a commercial natural gas vehicle (NGV) in Indiana may claim a credit equal to 12% of the road taxes imposed on its consumption of compressed natural gas in the previous year.

359

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit Anyone dispensing CNG for use in vehicles must obtain a permit from the

360

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

68,747 68,747 34,577 0.39 0 0.00 34 1.16 14,941 0.29 0 0.00 11,506 0.36 61,058 0.31 I d a h o Idaho 60. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Idaho, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation.......................... 0 0 0 0 0 Vented

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 540 0.01 0 0.00 2,132 0.07 2,672 0.01 H a w a i i Hawaii 59. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Hawaii, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation.......................... 0 0 0 0 0 Vented and Flared

362

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

483,052 483,052 136,722 1.54 6,006 0.03 88 3.00 16,293 0.31 283,557 10.38 41,810 1.32 478,471 2.39 F l o r i d a Florida 57. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Florida, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 47 50 98 92 96 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 7,584 8,011 8,468 7,133 6,706 Total.............................................................. 7,584 8,011 8,468 7,133 6,706 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ...............

363

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

291,898 291,898 113,995 1.29 0 0.00 4 0.14 88,078 1.68 3,491 0.13 54,571 1.73 260,140 1.30 I o w a Iowa 63. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Iowa, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation.......................... 0 0 0

364

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: New England New England 36. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas New England, 1992-1996 Table 691,089 167,354 1.89 0 0.00 40 1.36 187,469 3.58 80,592 2.95 160,761 5.09 596,215 2.98 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................

365

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

29,693 29,693 0 0.00 0 0.00 6 0.20 17,290 0.33 0 0.00 16,347 0.52 33,644 0.17 District of Columbia District of Columbia 56. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas District of Columbia, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

366

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

42,980 42,980 14,164 0.16 0 0.00 1 0.03 9,791 0.19 23,370 0.86 6,694 0.21 54,020 0.27 D e l a w a r e Delaware 55. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Delaware, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

367

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-49,536 -49,536 7,911 0.09 49,674 0.25 15 0.51 12,591 0.24 3 0.00 12,150 0.38 32,670 0.16 North Dakota North Dakota 82. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas North Dakota, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 496 525 507 463 462 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 104 101 104 99 108 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 12,461 18,892 19,592 16,914 16,810 From Oil Wells ........................................... 47,518 46,059 43,640 39,760 38,906 Total.............................................................. 59,979 64,951 63,232 56,674 55,716 Repressuring ................................................

368

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

21,547 21,547 4,916 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 7,012 0.13 3 0.00 7,099 0.22 19,031 0.10 N e w H a m p s h i r e New Hampshire 77. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas New Hampshire, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

369

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

139,881 139,881 26,979 0.30 463 0.00 115 3.92 27,709 0.53 19,248 0.70 28,987 0.92 103,037 0.52 A r i z o n a Arizona 50. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Arizona, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 6 6 6 7 7 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 721 508 711 470 417 From Oil Wells ........................................... 72 110 48 88 47 Total.............................................................. 794 618 759 558 464 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease

370

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Middle Middle Atlantic Middle Atlantic 37. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Middle Atlantic, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,857 1,981 2,042 1,679 1,928 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 36,906 36,857 26,180 37,159 38,000 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 161,372 152,717 140,444 128,677 152,494 From Oil Wells ........................................... 824 610 539 723 641 Total.............................................................. 162,196 153,327 140,982 129,400 153,134 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed

371

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

386,690 386,690 102,471 1.16 0 0.00 43 1.47 142,319 2.72 5,301 0.19 98,537 3.12 348,671 1.74 M i n n e s o t a Minnesota 71. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Minnesota, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

372

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,108,583 1,108,583 322,275 3.63 298 0.00 32 1.09 538,749 10.28 25,863 0.95 218,054 6.90 1,104,972 5.52 I l l i n o i s Illinois 61. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Illinois, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 382 385 390 372 370 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 337 330 323 325 289 From Oil Wells ........................................... 10 10 10 10 9 Total.............................................................. 347 340 333 335 298 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ...............

373

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

286,485 286,485 71,533 0.81 25 0.00 31 1.06 137,225 2.62 5,223 0.19 72,802 2.31 286,814 1.43 M i s s o u r i Missouri 73. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Missouri, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 5 8 12 15 24 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 27 14 8 16 25 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 27 14 8 16 25 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

374

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

411,951 411,951 100,015 1.13 0 0.00 5 0.17 114,365 2.18 45,037 1.65 96,187 3.05 355,609 1.78 Massachusetts Massachusetts 69. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Massachusetts, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

375

Gas vesicles.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in the suspending water, of concentration...MPa and balances the atmospheric pressure. Note that...versely, liquid water could not form by condensation inside the gas vesicle...presumably surrounded by water on all sides. At...

A E Walsby

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

226,798 226,798 104,124 1.17 0 0.00 0 0.00 58,812 1.12 2,381 0.09 40,467 1.28 205,783 1.03 North Carolina North Carolina 81. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas North Carolina, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

377

Simulation and visualization of fields and energy flows in electric circuits with idealized geometries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis develops a method to simulate and visualize the fields and energy flows in electric circuits, using a simplified physical model based on an idealized geometry. The physical models combine and extend previously ...

Ohannessian, Mesrob I., 1981-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Super stable garnet ceramics may be ideal for high-energy lithium...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Super stable garnet ceramics may be ideal for high-energy lithium batteries ORNL researchers used scanning transmission electron microscopy to take an atomic-level look at a cubic...

379

The Leading Ideal of a Complete Intersection of Height Two in a 2 ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Goto, W. Heinzer, and M.-K. Kim, The leading ideal of a complete intersection of height two, J. Algebra, 298 (206), 238-247. [GHK2]GHK2S. Goto, W. Heinzer...

380

An idealized molecular geometry library for refinement of poorly behaved molecular fragments with constraints  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An idealized molecular geometry library has been created as a web site to be used for refinement of difficult structures with constrained fragment geometries. The library application is illustrated with a practical example.

Guzei, I.A.

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The Linkage between the Warm and the Cold Conveyor Belts in an Idealized Extratropical Cyclone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study continues the investigation of airstreams in idealized moist baroclinic waves and addresses the formation of the cold conveyor belt (CCB), its linkage to the warm conveyor belt (WCB), and their impact on the development of a midlatitude ...

Sebastian Schemm; Heini Wernli

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Historical and idealized model experiments: an intercomparison of Earth system models of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Historical and idealized model experiments: an intercomparison of Earth system models: an intercomparison of Earth system models of intermediate complexity M. Eby1, A. J. Weaver1, K. Alexander1, K

383

Historical and idealized climate model experiments: an intercomparison of Earth system models of intermediate complexity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Both historical and idealized climate model experiments are performed with a variety of Earth system models of intermediate complexity (EMICs) as part of a community contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ...

Monier, Erwan

384

The Influence of Hadley Circulation Intensity Changes on Extratropical Climate in an Idealized Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiments have been performed using a simple global model with idealized physics and zonally symmertrical forcings to investigate the influence of Hadley circulation intensity changes on extratropical climate. The heating within the Tropics is ...

Edmund K. M. Chang

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Scaling of Precipitation Extremes over a Wide Range of Climates Simulated with an Idealized GCM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extremes of precipitation are examined in a wide range of climates simulated with an idealized aquaplanet GCM. The high percentiles of daily precipitation increase as the climate warms. Their fractional rate of increase ...

O'Gorman, Paul Ambrose

386

First Law of Thermodynamics First Law of Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An adiabatic process changes the temperature of the gas without heating it. #12;DC A steam engine and a Ferrari by hot water or steam. This problem compares the heat input to your skin from steam as opposed to hot water at the same temperature. Assume that water and steam, initially at 100°C, are cooled down to skin

Winokur, Michael

387

Dark Energy and Search for the Generalized Second Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The discovery of accelerated Hubble expansion in the SNIa data and the observed power spectrum of the microwave background radiation provide an ample support for Dark energy and Dark matter. Except for the so far well-known facts that cold dark matter (or simply dark matter) is pressureless, and dark energy has a negative pressure, the nature of these two still remains a complete mystery. The mystery facilitates different consideration. In one hand, dark matter and dark energy are assumed as distinct entities, and other interpretation is that both are different manifestation of a common structure, often referred as quartessence. Chaplygin gas, a perfect fluid also favours the second interpretation. Here, we consider modified chaplygin gas as dark energy candidate. Taking into account the existence of the observer's event horizon in accelerated universe, we find the condition where the generalized second law of gravitational thermodynamics is valid and the positivity of the temperature of the phantom fluid remains intact.

Balendra Kr. Dev Choudhury; Julie Saikia

2009-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

388

An effective quintessence field with a power-law potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we consider an effective quintessence scalar field with a power-law potential interacting with a $P_{b}=\\xi q\\rho_{b}$ barotropic fluid as a first model, where $q$ is a deceleration parameter. For the second model we assume viscous polytropic gas interacting with the scalar field. We investigate problem numerically and analyze behavior of different cosmological parameter concerning to components and behavior of Universe. We also compare our results with observational data to fix parameters of the models. We find some instabilities in the first model which may disappear in the second model for the appropriate parameters. Therefore, we can propose interacting quintessence dark energy with viscous polytropic gas as a successful model to describe Universe.

M. Khurshudyan; B. Pourhassan; R. Myrzakulov; S. Chattopadhyay

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

389

GP-8 LAWS AND REGULATIONS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DOP (5-2011) DOP (5-2011) Supersedes (7-2010) issue DECLARATION of OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE PROVIDER GENERAL INFORMATION PURPOSE All Contractors and their lower-tier subcontractors must comply with the Department of Energy's Worker Safety and Health Program regulation, 10 CFR 851, "Worker Safety and Health Program (WSHP). The WSHP enforces worker safety and health requirements including, but not limited to, standards of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and Workers Compensation Laws as incorporated in the SNL WSHP. APPLICABILITY Contractors at all tiers which meet the applicability criteria must establish and provide comprehensive

390

Challenging the generalized second law  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The generalized second law (GSL) of black hole thermodynamics states that the sum of changes in black hole entropy and the ordinary entropy of matter and fields outside the hole must be non-negative. In the classical limit, the GSL reduces to Hawking's area theorem. Neither law identifies the specific effects that make it work in particular situations. Motivated by Davies' recent gedanken experiment he used to infer a bound on the size of the fine structure constant from the GSL, we study a series of variants in which an electric test charge is lowered to a finite radius and then dropped into a Schwarzschild, a near-extremal magnetic Reissner-Nordstroem or a near-extremal Kerr black hole. For a classical charge, we demonstrate that a specific 'backreaction' effect is responsible for protecting the area theorem in the near-extremal examples. For the magnetically charged Reissner-Nordstroem hole an area theorem violation is defused by taking into account a subtle source of repulsion of the charge: the spinning up of the black hole in the process of bringing the charge down to its dropping point. In Kerr hole case, the electric self-force on the charge is sufficient to right matters. However, in all experiments involving an elementary charge, the full GSL would apparently be violated were the fine structure constant greater than about order unity. We argue that in this case a quantum effect, the Unruh-Wald quantum buoyancy, may protect the GSL.

Eling, Christopher; Bekenstein, Jacob D. [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

Ground Gas Handbook  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...pathways of least resistance to gas transport, and applications are discussed, such as migrating landfill gas emissions, also from leaking landfill gas collection systems, as well as natural gas and oil-field gas leakage from abandoned production...

Allen W Hatheway

392

Purification of Natural Gases with High CO2 Content Using Gas Hydrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purification of Natural Gases with High CO2 Content Using Gas Hydrates ... The feed was separated using a cascade of continuously stirred tank crystallizer vessels, which can also be regarded as an ideal crystallizer column resembling a gas-hydrate-based scrubbing process. ... Pressurized gas scrubbing, pressure swing adsorption, chemical absorption, and membrane and cryogenic processes are some examples of well-established technologies for the removal of CO2 from gaseous products. ...

Nena Dabrowski; Christoph Windmeier; Lothar R. Oellrich

2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

393

Gas Delivered  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. Average . Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers, 1980-1996 Figure 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet Dollars per Thousand Cubic Meters Nominal Dollars Constant Dollars Sources: Nominal dollars: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Constant dollars: Prices were converted to 1995 dollars using the chain-type price indexes for Gross Domestic Product (1992 = 1.0) as published by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Residential: Prices in this publication for the residential sector cover nearly all of the volumes of gas delivered. Commercial and Industrial: Prices for the commercial and industrial sectors are often associated with

394

Second Law Analysis of a Solar Methane Reforming System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, we present the results of a Second Law analysis of a highly efficient, solar thermochemical reaction system for the production of syngas using micro- and meso-channel process technology. The evaluation includes the initial conversion of solar energy/exergy into physical energy/exergy and its subsequent conversion into chemical energy/exergy through the catalytic, endothermic reforming reaction, including quantifications of exergy destruction for components and the overall system. Possible applications include the combustion of the product syngas in a hybrid, solar/natural gas power plant, providing an efficient solar augment to the natural gas fuel; the thermochemical storage of solar energy, as part of an open or closed-cycle storage process; the production of hydrogen for use in fuel cells and for other purposes; and the production of synthetic fuels such as methanol or long-chain hydrocarbons. The analyses show that the overall process is exergetically-efficient and consistent with First Law and economic analyses. Finally, opportunities for improving the exergetic efficiency of the process are identified and discussed

Robert Wegeng; Richard Diver; Paul Humble

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Negative Compressibility and Inverse Problem for Spinning Gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A spinning ideal gas in a cylinder with a smooth surface is shown to have unusual properties. First, under compression parallel to the axis of rotation, the spinning gas exhibits negative compressibility because energy can be stored in the rotation. Second, the spinning breaks the symmetry under which partial pressures of a mixture of gases simply add proportional to the constituent number densities. Thus, remarkably, in a mixture of spinning gases, an inverse problem can be formulated such that the gas constituents can be determined through external measurements only.

Vasily Geyko and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

396

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility Evaluation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility Evaluation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility Evaluation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility Evaluation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility Evaluation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility Evaluation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility Evaluation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

397

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Conversions to someone by E-mail Conversions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions Related Information Conversion Basics

398

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Compressed Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study At the direction of the Alaska Legislature, the Department of

399

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Rate and Cost Recovery  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Rate and Natural Gas Rate and Cost Recovery Authorization to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Rate and Cost Recovery Authorization on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Rate and Cost Recovery Authorization on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Rate and Cost Recovery Authorization on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Rate and Cost Recovery Authorization on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Rate and Cost Recovery Authorization on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Rate and Cost Recovery Authorization on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

400

A method to simulate linear stability of impulsively accelerated density interfaces in ideal-MHD and gas dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a numerical method to solve the linear stability of impulsively accelerated density interfaces in two dimensions such as those arising in the Richtmyer-Meshkov instability. The method uses an Eulerian approach, and is based on an upwind method ... Keywords: 02.60.Cb, 04.30.Nk, 47.11.Df, 47.20.Cq, 52.57.Fg, Numerical linear stability, Richtmyer-Meshkov, Upwind method

Ravi Samtaney

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Third millenium ideal gas and condensed phase thermochemical database for combustion (with update from active thermochemical tables).  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermochemical database of species involved in combustion processes is and has been available for free use for over 25 years. It was first published in print in 1984, approximately 8 years after it was first assembled, and contained 215 species at the time. This is the 7th printed edition and most likely will be the last one in print in the present format, which involves substantial manual labor. The database currently contains more than 1300 species, specifically organic molecules and radicals, but also inorganic species connected to combustion and air pollution. Since 1991 this database is freely available on the internet, at the Technion-IIT ftp server, and it is continuously expanded and corrected. The database is mirrored daily at an official mirror site, and at random at about a dozen unofficial mirror and 'finger' sites. The present edition contains numerous corrections and many recalculations of data of provisory type by the G3//B3LYP method, a high-accuracy composite ab initio calculation. About 300 species are newly calculated and are not yet published elsewhere. In anticipation of the full coupling, which is under development, the database started incorporating the available (as yet unpublished) values from Active Thermochemical Tables. The electronic version now also contains an XML file of the main database to allow transfer to other formats and ease finding specific information of interest. The database is used by scientists, educators, engineers and students at all levels, dealing primarily with combustion and air pollution, jet engines, rocket propulsion, fireworks, but also by researchers involved in upper atmosphere kinetics, astrophysics, abrasion metallurgy, etc. This introductory article contains explanations of the database and the means to use it, its sources, ways of calculation, and assessments of the accuracy of data.

Burcat, A.; Ruscic, B.; Chemistry; Technion - Israel Inst. of Tech.

2005-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

402

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

73,669 73,669 141,300 1.59 221,822 1.12 3 0.10 46,289 0.88 33,988 1.24 31,006 0.98 252,585 1.26 A r k a n s a s Arkansas 51. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Arkansas, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,750 1,552 1,607 1,563 1,470 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 3,500 3,500 3,500 3,988 4,020 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 171,543 166,273 161,967 161,390 182,895 From Oil Wells ........................................... 39,364 38,279 33,446 33,979 41,551 Total.............................................................. 210,906 204,552 195,413 195,369 224,446 Repressuring ................................................

403

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-1,080,240 -1,080,240 201,024 2.27 1,734,887 8.78 133 4.54 76,629 1.46 136,436 4.99 46,152 1.46 460,373 2.30 O k l a h o m a Oklahoma 84. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Oklahoma, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 13,926 13,289 13,487 13,438 13,074 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 28,902 29,118 29,121 29,733 29,733 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 1,674,405 1,732,997 1,626,858 1,521,857 1,467,695 From Oil Wells ........................................... 342,950 316,945 308,006 289,877 267,192 Total.............................................................. 2,017,356 2,049,942 1,934,864

404

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7,038,115 7,038,115 3,528,911 39.78 13,646,477 69.09 183 6.24 408,861 7.80 1,461,718 53.49 281,452 8.91 5,681,125 28.40 West South Central West South Central 42. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West South Central, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 87,198 84,777 88,034 88,734 62,357 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 92,212 95,288 94,233 102,525 102,864 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 11,599,913 11,749,649 11,959,444 11,824,788 12,116,665 From Oil Wells ........................................... 2,313,831 2,368,395 2,308,634 2,217,752 2,151,247 Total..............................................................

405

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

77,379 77,379 94,481 1.07 81,435 0.41 8 0.27 70,232 1.34 1,836 0.07 40,972 1.30 207,529 1.04 K e n t u c k y Kentucky 65. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Kentucky, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,084 1,003 969 1,044 983 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 12,483 12,836 13,036 13,311 13,501 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 79,690 86,966 73,081 74,754 81,435 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 79,690 86,966 73,081 74,754 81,435 Repressuring ................................................

406

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-67,648 -67,648 75,616 0.85 480,828 2.43 0 0.00 16,720 0.32 31,767 1.16 29,447 0.93 153,549 0.77 Pacific Noncontiguous Pacific Noncontiguous 45. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Pacific Noncontiguous, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 9,638 9,907 9,733 9,497 9,294 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 112 113 104 100 102 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 198,603 190,139 180,639 179,470 183,747 From Oil Wells ........................................... 2,427,110 2,588,202 2,905,261 3,190,433 3,189,837 Total.............................................................. 2,625,713 2,778,341

407

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-310,913 -310,913 110,294 1.24 712,796 3.61 2 0.07 85,376 1.63 22,607 0.83 57,229 1.81 275,508 1.38 K a n s a s Kansas 64. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Kansas, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 9,681 9,348 9,156 8,571 7,694 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 18,400 19,472 19,365 22,020 21,388 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 580,572 605,578 628,900 636,582 629,755 From Oil Wells ........................................... 79,169 82,579 85,759 86,807 85,876 Total.............................................................. 659,741 688,157 714,659 723,389 715,631 Repressuring ................................................

408

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

819,046 819,046 347,043 3.91 245,740 1.24 40 1.36 399,522 7.62 32,559 1.19 201,390 6.38 980,555 4.90 M i c h i g a n Michigan 70. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Michigan, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,223 1,160 1,323 1,294 2,061 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 3,257 5,500 6,000 5,258 5,826 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 120,287 126,179 136,989 146,320 201,123 From Oil Wells ........................................... 80,192 84,119 91,332 97,547 50,281 Total.............................................................. 200,479 210,299 228,321 243,867 251,404 Repressuring ................................................

409

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W W y o m i n g -775,410 50,253 0.57 666,036 3.37 14 0.48 13,534 0.26 87 0.00 9,721 0.31 73,609 0.37 Wyoming 98. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Wyoming, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 10,826 10,933 10,879 12,166 12,320 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 3,111 3,615 3,942 4,196 4,510 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 751,693 880,596 949,343 988,671 981,115 From Oil Wells ........................................... 285,125 142,006 121,519 111,442 109,434 Total.............................................................. 1,036,817 1,022,602 1,070,862 1,100,113 1,090,549 Repressuring

410

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-67,648 -67,648 75,616 0.85 480,828 2.43 0 0.00 16,179 0.31 31,767 1.16 27,315 0.86 150,877 0.75 A l a s k a Alaska 49. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Alaska, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 9,638 9,907 9,733 9,497 9,294 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 112 113 104 100 102 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 198,603 190,139 180,639 179,470 183,747 From Oil Wells ........................................... 2,427,110 2,588,202 2,905,261 3,190,433 3,189,837 Total.............................................................. 2,625,713 2,778,341 3,085,900 3,369,904 3,373,584 Repressuring

411

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

628,189 628,189 449,511 5.07 765,699 3.88 100 3.41 528,662 10.09 39,700 1.45 347,721 11.01 1,365,694 6.83 West North Central West North Central 39. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West North Central, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 10,177 9,873 9,663 9,034 8,156 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 18,569 19,687 19,623 22,277 21,669 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 594,551 626,728 651,594 655,917 648,822 From Oil Wells ........................................... 133,335 135,565 136,468 134,776 133,390 Total.............................................................. 727,886 762,293

412

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,048,760 1,048,760 322,661 3.64 18,131 0.09 54 1.84 403,264 7.69 142,688 5.22 253,075 8.01 1,121,742 5.61 N e w Y o r k New York 80. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas New York, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 329 264 242 197 232 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 5,906 5,757 5,884 6,134 6,208 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 22,697 20,587 19,937 17,677 17,494 From Oil Wells ........................................... 824 610 539 723 641 Total.............................................................. 23,521 21,197 20,476 18,400 18,134 Repressuring ................................................

413

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,554,530 1,554,530 311,229 3.51 3,094,431 15.67 442 15.08 299,923 5.72 105,479 3.86 210,381 6.66 927,454 4.64 Mountain Mountain 43. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Mountain, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 38,711 38,987 37,366 39,275 38,944 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 30,965 34,975 38,539 38,775 41,236 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 2,352,729 2,723,393 3,046,159 3,131,205 3,166,689 From Oil Wells ........................................... 677,771 535,884 472,397 503,986 505,903 Total.............................................................. 3,030,499 3,259,277 3,518,556

414

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,592,465 1,592,465 716,648 8.08 239,415 1.21 182 6.21 457,792 8.73 334,123 12.23 320,153 10.14 1,828,898 9.14 South Atlantic South Atlantic 40. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas South Atlantic, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 3,307 3,811 4,496 4,427 4,729 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 39,412 35,149 41,307 37,822 36,827 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 206,766 208,892 234,058 236,072 233,409 From Oil Wells ........................................... 7,584 8,011 8,468 7,133 6,706 Total.............................................................. 214,349 216,903 242,526 243,204 240,115

415

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,999,161 1,999,161 895,529 10.10 287,933 1.46 1,402 47.82 569,235 10.86 338,640 12.39 308,804 9.78 2,113,610 10.57 Pacific Contiguous Pacific Contiguous 44. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Pacific Contiguous, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 3,896 3,781 3,572 3,508 2,082 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 1,142 1,110 1,280 1,014 996 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 156,635 124,207 117,725 96,329 88,173 From Oil Wells ........................................... 294,800 285,162 282,227 289,430 313,581 Total.............................................................. 451,435 409,370

416

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-122,394 -122,394 49,997 0.56 178,984 0.91 5 0.17 37,390 0.71 205 0.01 28,025 0.89 115,622 0.58 West Virginia West Virginia 96. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West Virginia, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 2,356 2,439 2,565 2,499 2,703 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 38,250 33,716 39,830 36,144 35,148 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... E 182,000 171,024 183,773 186,231 178,984 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. E 182,000 171,024 183,773 186,231 178,984 Repressuring ................................................

417

Gas vesicles.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the gas vesicles simply reduce their sinking rates and...remaining suspended in the water column. A microorganism...phenomena as stratification, water- bloom formation, and...the many proteins that make up the phycobilisome (73...flagellate bacteria in natural waters. The natural selection...

A E Walsby

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Gas vesicles.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...these costs can be compared is in units of energy expenditure per time (joules per second...requires 7.24 x 10-18 kg of Gvp. The energy cost of making this protein, Eg, is...Eg = 2.84 x 101- o J. The rate of energy expenditure in gas vesicle synthesis then...

A E Walsby

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Gas sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas sensor is described which incorporates a sensor stack comprising a first film layer of a ferromagnetic material, a spacer layer, and a second film layer of the ferromagnetic material. The first film layer is fabricated so that it exhibits a dependence of its magnetic anisotropy direction on the presence of a gas, That is, the orientation of the easy axis of magnetization will flip from out-of-plane to in-plane when the gas to be detected is present in sufficient concentration. By monitoring the change in resistance of the sensor stack when the orientation of the first layer's magnetization changes, and correlating that change with temperature one can determine both the identity and relative concentration of the detected gas. In one embodiment the stack sensor comprises a top ferromagnetic layer two mono layers thick of cobalt deposited upon a spacer layer of ruthenium, which in turn has a second layer of cobalt disposed on its other side, this second cobalt layer in contact with a programmable heater chip.

Schmid, Andreas K.; Mascaraque, Arantzazu; Santos, Benito; de la Figuera, Juan

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

420

Corporate Board By-Laws  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

May 2011 May 2011 By-Laws Office of Environmental Management Quality Assurance Corporate Board Article 1 Name The name shall be the Environmental Management (EM) Quality Assurance (QA) Corporate Board (hereafter referred to as the Board). Article 2 Mission The Board will serve a leadership role within EM for facilitating, championing, and overseeing the effectiveness of a consistent and graded approach to implementing the corporate QA program, policies and requirements, and disseminating lessons learned and best practices such that a consistent and effective approach to quality is obtained through independently managed federal and contractor QA Programs. The Board will serve as a consensus-building body to facilitate institutionalization of a streamlined and efficient QA

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Laws and Regulations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Laws and Regulations Laws and Regulations Laws and Regulations Federal laws and regulations set multiple energy management requirements for Federal agencies spanning energy efficiency, renewable energy, water conservation, and alternative fuel use. This section outlines Federal energy management authorities through: Requirements by Subject Requirements by Regulation. The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) analyzes energy management authorities and develops rules and guidance to help Federal agencies comply with applicable requirements. Reporting requirements and Federal Government performance reports are also available through: Notices and Rules Facility Reporting Fleet Reporting. EISA 432 Compliance Tracking Track Federal agency progress toward Section 432 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 using FEMP's EISA 432

422

The Snell law for quaternionic potentials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By using the analogy between optics and quantum mechanics, we obtain the Snell law for the planar motion of quantum particles in the presence of quaternionic potentials.

De Leo, Stefano, E-mail: deleo@ime.unicamp.br [Department of Applied Mathematics, State University of Campinas, So Paulo (Brazil); Ducati, Gisele C., E-mail: ducati@ufabc.edu.br [CMCC, Universidade Federal do ABC, So Paulo (Brazil)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

Law, Sustainability, and the Pursuit of Happiness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Revisited: Federalism, Green Building Codes, and ApplianceHowe, Overview of Green Buildings, 41 E NV . L. R EP .Reflections on Green Building Laws and the Transformation of

Farber, Daniel A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Laws and Regulations Applicable to Geothermal Energy Development webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Tribal Energy and...

425

The Law and Economics of Costly Contracting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Markets, Relational Contracting, New York: Free Press (and the Value of Contracting, 89 American Economic ReviewLAW AND ECONOMICS OF COSTLY CONTRACTING BY ALAN SCHWARTZ AND

Schwartz, Alan; Watson, Joel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

PUBLIC LAW 111-5?FEB  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

or other chief executive, as appropriate, shall certify that the infrastructure investment has received the full review and vetting required by law and that the chief...

427

Chapter 9 - The Third Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter discusses the third law of thermodynamics. The historical development of the Nernst heat theorem, which is the forerunner of the third law, is described first. The third law is presented and its consequences are discussed. The different possible contributions to the entropy of a material (e.g., configurational, electronic, isotopic, magnetic, nuclear, orderdisorder, Schottky, thermal) are also described. The calculation of absolute entropies from heat capacity data is described and the Gibbs function is introduced. The use of the third law for computing Gibbs free energies of reaction from calorimetric data is illustrated with worked examples.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Liquid Natural Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Liquid Natural Gas ... IN A new technique for storing natural gas at the East Ohio Gas Co. plant, Cleveland, Ohio, the gas is liquefied before passing to the gas holders. ... Natural gas contains moisture and carbon dioxide, both of which liquefy before the natural gas and are somewhat of a nuisance because upon solidification they clog the pipes. ...

W. F. SCHAPHORST

1941-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

429

Ideal balance of work, play makes outdoor enthusiast's James Miller life  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ideal balance of work, play makes outdoor enthusiast's life enviable Ideal balance of work, play makes outdoor enthusiast's life enviable Ideal balance of work, play makes outdoor enthusiast's James Miller life enviable Nuclear engineer graduate research assistant gets valueable experience while taking advantage of local outdoor recreational activities. August 2, 2012 James Miller Miller first came to the Laboratory in 2006 as a summer student. His college advisor, a former LANL employee, found him an internship through the student programs office. Miller highly recommends LANL as a place to start a career, "The student programs are very mentor-driven, allowing you to gain phenomenal experience and build a professional network that will set you up for the rest of your life." "I have access to top-level scientists in the world, doing some of the best

430

Marine low cloud sensitivity to an idealized climate change: The CGILS LES intercomparison  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

low low cloud sensitivity to an idealized climate change: The CGILS LES intercomparison Peter N. Blossey, 1 Christopher S. Bretherton, 1 Minghua Zhang, 2 Anning Cheng, 3 Satoshi Endo, 4 Thijs Heus, 5 Yangang Liu, 4 Adrian P. Lock, 6 Stephan R. de Roode, 7 and Kuan-Man Xu 8 Received 31 July 2012; revised 4 February 2013; accepted 20 February 2013. [1] Subtropical marine low cloud sensitivity to an idealized climate change is com- pared in six large-eddy simulation (LES) models as part of CGILS. July cloud cover is simulated at three locations over the subtropical northeast Pacific Ocean, which are typified by cold sea surface temperatures (SSTs) under well-mixed stratocumulus, cool SSTs under decoupled stratocumulus, and shallow cumulus clouds overlying warmer SSTs. The idealized climate change includes a uniform 2 K SST increase with corre- sponding moist-adiabatic warming aloft and

431

Multi-objective optimization of Stirling engine using non-ideal adiabatic method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the recent years, remarkable attention is drawn to Stirling engine due to noticeable advantages, for instance a lot of resources such as biomass, fossil fuels and solar energy can be applied as heat source. Great numbers of studies are conducted on Stirling engines and non-ideal adiabatic method is one of them. In the present study, the efficiency and the power loss due to pressure drop into the heat exchangers are optimized for a Stirling system using non-ideal adiabatic analysis and the second-version Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm. The optimized answers are chosen from the results using three decision-making methods. The applied methods were compared at last and the best results were obtained for the technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution decision making method.

Somayeh Toghyani; Alibakhsh Kasaeian; Mohammad H. Ahmadi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Supplying CO2 to photosynthetic algal cultures by diffusion through gas-permeable membranes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method of supplying CO2 to photosynthetic algal cultures by diffusion through a gas-permeable membrane was developed. The diffusion of CO2 across a silicone membrane could be described by Fick's Laws of Diffusi...

Yuan-Kun Lee; Huey-Kwan Hing

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

An ideal program for an M.A. and Ph.D specialization in technical communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN IDEAL PROGRAM FOR AN M. A. AND PH. D. SPECIALIZATION IN TECHNICAL COMMUNICATION A Thesis by Alison Kay Paggi Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF ARTS December 1979 Major Subject: English AN IDEAL PROGRAM FOR AN M. A. AND PH. D. SPECIALIZATION IN TECHNICAL COMMUNICATION A Thesis by Alison Kay Paggi Approved as to style and content by: 4AM hai rman of Committee Head of e artment...

Paggi, Alison Kay

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

434

NATURAL GAS MARKET ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION NATURAL GAS MARKET ASSESSMENT PRELIMINARY RESULTS In Support.................................................................................... 6 Chapter 2: Natural Gas Demand.................................................................................................. 10 Chapter 3: Natural Gas Supply

435

,"Missouri Natural Gas Summary"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)","Missouri Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)","Missouri Natural Gas Price Sold to...

436

Natural Gas Weekly Update  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

natural gas production output. Rigs Natural Gas Transportation Update Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company yesterday (August 4) said it is mobilizing equipment and manpower for...

437

Water Quality and Water Law Headline UNL's Fifth Annual Water Law, Policy and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Quality and Water Law Headline UNL's Fifth Annual Water Law, Policy and Science Conference "Water Quality Challenges in the Great Plains" is the theme of this year's University of Nebraska-Lincoln Water, Law, Policy and Science conference. The fifth annual UNL conference is April 22 and 23 at Lincoln

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

438

Shale gas is natural gas trapped inside  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Shale gas is natural gas trapped inside formations of shale - fine grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas. Just a few years ago, much of...

439

Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Researchers from the University of Missouri and ICx Nomadics have reported on the use of a optofluidic ring resonator (OFRR) sensor for on-column detection ?. ... Although substantial differences were noted between fresh and aged (or oxidized) oils, many of the compounds in the oxidized oil went unidentified due to lack of library mass spectral data. ... A high resolution MEMS based gas chromatography column for the analysis of benzene and toluene gaseous mixtures ...

Frank L. Dorman; Joshua J. Whiting; Jack W. Cochran; Jorge Gardea-Torresdey

2010-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

440

Hack's law of debris-flow basins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hack's law was originally derived from basin statistics for varied spatial scales and regions. The exponent value of the law has been shown to vary between 0.47 and 0.70, causing uncertainty in its application. This paper focuses on the emergence of Hack's law from debris-flow basins in China. Over 5,000 debris-flow basins in different regions of China with drainage areas less than 100km2 are included in this study. Basins in the different regions are found to present similar distributions. Hack's law is derived from maximum probability and conditional distributions, suggesting that the law should describe some critical state of basin evolution. Results suggest the exponent value is approximately 0.5. Further analysis indicates that Hack's law is related to other scaling laws underlying the evolution of a basin and that the exponent is not dependent on basin shape but rather on the evolutionary stage. A case study of a well known debris-flow basin further confirms Hack's law and its implications in basin evolution.

Yong LI; Z.Q. YUE; C.F. LEE; R.E. BEIGHLEY; Xiao-Qing CHEN; Kai-Heng HU; Peng CUI

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Political Science: Law and Politics Specialization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Political Science: Law and Politics Specialization If you are considering law school, or wish.uwindsor.ca/polsci A Rigorous, Enriching Program Political scientists at UWindsor carry out cutting-edge research in a range, international political economy, media studies, Middle Eastern and Islamic politics, and religion and politics

442

CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS FIRE DEPARTMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of lives, and the protection of property endangered by fires and other disasters, and to promote the teaching and practice of fire prevention and protection. ARTICLE II Section 1. The OfficersSAMPLE CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WHEREAS, Certain laws and regulations

443

Compensation Law in Thermodynamics and Thermal Death  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Objections raised to the validity of a compensation law fall into four categories, namely, (1) that there are inadequate data for a ... and number of Arrhenius lines; (2) that logarithmic compression accidentally produces an apparent compensation law; (3) that biased sets of data are chosen; and (4) that such ...

GABOR KEMENY; BARNETT ROSENBERG

1973-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

Status of the Fundamental Laws of Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe recent progress towards deriving the Fundamental Laws of thermodynamics (the 0th, 1st and 2nd Law) from nonequilibrium quantum statistical mechanics in simple, yet physically relevant models. Along the way, we clarify some basic thermodynamic notions and discuss various reversible and irreversible thermodynamic processes from the point of view of quantum statistical mechanics.

Walid K. Abou Salem; Juerg Froehlich

2006-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

445

Irreversibility and the second law of thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Irreversibility and the second law of thermodynamics Jos Uffink July 5, 2001 1 INTRODUCTION The second law of thermodynamics has a curious status. Many modern physicists regard it as an obsolete relic thermodynamics, in which the state does not con- tain velocity-like parameters, one may take R to be the identity

Seevinck, Michiel

446

Laws DOE Administers | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laws DOE Administers Laws DOE Administers Laws DOE Administers The Department of Energy's (DOE) overarching mission is to advance the national, economic, and energy security of the United States; to promote scientific and technological innovation in support of that mission; and to ensure the environmental cleanup of the national nuclear weapons complex. Laws passed by Congress and signed by the President both define DOE's authorities and set forth DOE's responsibilities. Additionally, a number of Executive Orders issued by the President play a central role in guiding DOE's activities. In the space below, we have provided links to key statutes and executive orders which affect the Department of Energy. For every law, we provide a link to the United States Code (U.S.C.) , which is the codification by

447

PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS (SI UNITS) Table A1 Molar mass, gas constant, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.0943 Carbon monoxide CO 28.011 0.2968 133 3.50 0.0930 Carbon tetrachloride CCl4 153.82 0.05405 556.4 4.56 0 Table A­20 Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide, CO2 Table A­21 Ideal-gas properties of carbon.1355 n-Butane C4H10 58.124 0.1430 425.2 3.80 0.2547 Carbon dioxide CO2 44.01 0.1889 304.2 7.39 0

Kostic, Milivoje M.

448

Oil and gas drilling despoils Alaska environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oil and gas drilling despoils Alaska environment ... Oil and gas development on Alaska's North Slope is causing "alarming environmental problems," accompanied by "a disturbing record of industry compliance with environmental laws and regulations," charges a report just released jointly by Trustees for Alaska, the Natural Resources Defense Council, and the National Wildlife Federation. ... Further oil development in the Arctic should be frozen until the environment is safeguarded, NRDC says, rather than yielding to lobbying in Congress to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to drilling. ...

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

8 - Turbogenerators in gas turbine systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: The functioning of turbogenerators is explained as the final link between the turbine and the grid. Basic physical laws are given, and principles to calculate the performance and application of generators to gas turbines are derived. It is shown how generators developed with the progress of gas turbines. Modern designs are described and latest test results of generators are reported. Finally, an outlook is given about the future trends in technology and products. The chapter utilizes the authors in-house experience, and describes also achievements of other manufacturers.

B. Gellert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Vehicle Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption

451

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Vehicle Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit Effective January 1, 2014, individual and entities that place into service

452

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane and Compressed Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

453

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Reports to someone by E-mail Reports to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Reports The Florida Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability (Office) must complete a report that analyzes the taxation and use of

454

Gas Sampling Considerations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gas sampling is carried out to measure the quality of a gas. Gas samples are sometimes acquired by in situ observation within the main gas body by using remote or visual observation for specific properties. A mor...

Alvin Lieberman

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Georgia Tech Dangerous Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Georgia Tech Dangerous Gas Safety Program March 2011 #12;Georgia Tech Dangerous Gas Safety.......................................................................................................... 5 6. DANGEROUS GAS USAGE REQUIREMENTS................................................. 7 6.1. RESTRICTED PURCHASE/ACQUISITION RULES: ................................................ 7 7. FLAMMABLE GAS

Sherrill, David

456

An idealized assessment of the economics of air capture of carbon dioxide in mitigation policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An idealized assessment of the economics of air capture of carbon dioxide in mitigation policy- ture,'' which refers to the direct removal of carbon dioxide from the ambient air. Air capture has to be changing (e.g., Jones, 2008). By contrast, the capture and storage of carbon dioxide from power plants has

Colorado at Boulder, University of

457

The Impact of Horizontal Model Grid Resolution on the Boundary Layer Structure over an Idealized Valley  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The role of horizontal model grid resolution on the development of the daytime boundary layer over mountainous terrain is studied. A simple idealized valley topography with a cross-valley width of 20 km, a valley depth of 1.5 km, and a constant ...

Johannes S. Wagner; Alexander Gohm; Mathias W. Rotach

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

The Information System The ideal system manager has the curiosity of a cat,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 2 The Information System Manager #12;The ideal system manager has the curiosity of a cat manage? As a property level information system manager, you may manage the following 3 types of computer #12;Who should manage the information system? O Patience and good communication skills O Hands

459

On the Dynamics of Batch Distillation : A Study of Parametric Sensitivity in Ideal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Dynamics of Batch Distillation : A Study of Parametric Sensitivity in Ideal Binary Columns sensitivity in batch distillation processes. By considering the effect of small changes in the operating #12; 1 Introduction Batch distillation has become of increasing importance in industry during the last

Skogestad, Sigurd

460

Comparison of Alternative Control Structures for an Ideal Two-Product Reactive Distillation Column  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of Alternative Control Structures for an Ideal Two-Product Reactive Distillation Column distillation columns have been explored in many papers, very few papers have dealt with closed-loop control. Most of these control papers consider reactive distillation columns in which there is only one product

Al-Arfaj, Muhammad A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

On the Dynamics of Batch Distillation : A Study of Parametric Sensitivity in Ideal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Dynamics of Batch Distillation : A Study of Parametric Sensitivity in Ideal Binary Columns distillation processes. By considering the e ect of small changes in the operating parameters, e.g., initial-mail: jacobsen@elixir.e.kth.se 1 #12;1 Introduction Batch distillation has become of increasing importance

Skogestad, Sigurd

462

Extremal Betti Numbers and Applications to Monomial Ideals Dave Bayer Hara Charalambous Sorin Popescu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extremal Betti Numbers and Applications to Monomial Ideals Dave Bayer Hara Charalambous Sorin. As usual, we define the associated (graded) Betti numbers i,j = i,j(M) by the formula Fi = j is the number of rows in the diagram produced by the "betti" command. A Betti number i,j = 0 will be called

Bayer, David

463

On the current conditions along the Ormen Lange pipeline path during an extreme, idealized storm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the current conditions along the Ormen Lange pipeline path during an extreme, idealized storm-shore for processing by means of a pipeline. Due to the abrupt topography this pipeline will have many long free spans along a possible path for the pipeline, and in a simulation study the effects on the flow due

Avlesen, Helge

464

FVCOM validation experiments: Comparisons with ROMS for three idealized barotropic test  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FVCOM validation experiments: Comparisons with ROMS for three idealized barotropic test problems are also made between FVCOM and the structured-grid Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) for these test implemented in ROMS if the horizontal resolution is relatively high. FVCOM has taken advantage of the new

Winant, Clinton D.

465

FVCOM Validation Experiments: Comparisons with ROMS for Three Idealized Barotropic Test Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Validation Experiments: Comparisons with ROMS for Three Idealized Barotropic Test Problems Haosheng Huang1-grid Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) for these test cases. For the linear problem in a simple rectangular is almost as accurate as the fourth-order advection scheme implemented in ROMS if the horizontal resolution

Chen, Changsheng

466

The robust dynamical contribution to precipitation extremes in idealized warming simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The robust dynamical contribution to precipitation extremes in idealized warming simulations across shift under climate warming on the distribution of precipitation extremes and the associated sensitivity in the frequency of the most extreme categories of the precipitation events at the poleward side of the midlatitude

Chen, Gang

467

Loop Current Mixed Layer Energy Response to Hurricane Lili (2002). Part II: Idealized Numerical Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loop Current Mixed Layer Energy Response to Hurricane Lili (2002). Part II: Idealized Numerical horizontal pressure gradient, wind energy transfer to the mixed layer can be more efficient in such a regime as compared to the case of an initially horizontally homogeneous ocean. However, nearly all energy is removed

Miami, University of

468

Market Digest: Natural Gas  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Energy Information Administration's Natural Gas Market Digest provides information and analyses on all aspects of natural gas markets.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Magneto-convection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...magnetic pressure (plus a small gas pressure) inside the flux concentration equals the gas pressure outside, giving rise...these calculations, an ideal gas equation of state is assumed...well-defined global properties: Hale's polarity law (same polarities...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

He received his B.S. degree in 1970 from Rhodes College in Memphis, TN, his M.S. degree in 1973 from the University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, and his Ph.D. degree in 1975 from Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... A review (with 145 references) on the role of carrier gases on the separation process (A4) demonstrates that carrier gas interactions are integral to the chromatographic process. ... In another report, activity coefficients for refrigerants were evaluated with a polyol ester oil stationary phase (C22). ...

Gary A. Eiceman; Herbert H. Hill, Jr.; Jorge Gardea-Torresdey

2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

471

Covered Product Category: Residential Gas Furnaces | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Gas Furnaces Gas Furnaces Covered Product Category: Residential Gas Furnaces October 7, 2013 - 10:39am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential gas furnaces, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for

472

Covered Product Category: Gas Storage Water Heaters | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Gas Storage Water Heaters Gas Storage Water Heaters Covered Product Category: Gas Storage Water Heaters October 7, 2013 - 10:43am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including gas storage water heaters, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for

473

How the Law Responds to Self-Help  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lichtman, How the Law Responds to Self-Help (December 2004)the Law Responds to Self-Help secrecy is surely attractive,the Law Responds to Self-Help of illegitimate acts without

Lichtman, Douglas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Continuum mechanics beyond the second law of thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mechanics beyond the second law of thermodynamics M. Ostoja-Starzewski 1...thermoviscous fluid|second law of thermodynamics|fluctuation theorem|submartingale...developed subject to the second law of thermodynamics, requiring a non-negative...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Theories of Corporate Law and Corporations: Past Approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We can now move on to theories of corporate law. Corporate law belongs to the traditional branches of commercial law in continental Europe. Both the Napoleonic Code de commerce and the German Handelsgesetzbuch...

Prof. Dr. Petri Mntysaari

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Ariel Ezrachi (ed.), Research Handbook on International Competition Law  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The number of jurisdictions with competition laws and competition law enforcement agencies proliferates; so does the number of networks and platforms that ... approach to competition law scholarship. The Research...

Andreas P. Reindl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Gas-Phase Diffusion in Porous Media: Comparison of Models Stephen W. Webb  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Gas-Phase Diffusion in Porous Media: Comparison of Models Gas-Phase Diffusion in Porous Media: Comparison of Models Stephen W. Webb Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87 185 ABSTRACT Two models are commonly used to analyze gas- phase diffusion in porous media in the presence of advection, the Advective-Dispersive Model (ADM) and the Dusty-gas Model (DGM). The ADM, which is used in TOUGH2, is based on a simple linear addition of advection calculated by Darcy's law and ordinary diffusion using Fick's law with a porosity- tortuosity-gas saturation multiplier to account for the porous medium. Another approach for gas-phase transport in porous media is the Dusty-Gas Model. This model applies the kinetic theory of gases to the gaseous components and the porous media (or "dust") to combine transport due to diffusion and

478

No Moores Law for batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...natures ideal fuel. A full tank of gasoline...ourselves from powering cars with gasoline. There...is still a fossil fuel, and hydrogen can presently be produced...why not power our cars this way? We already...electrolytes. A D-cell battery stores more...

Fred Schlachter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Hamilton-Jacobi formalism for string gas thermodynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that the thermodynamics of a system of strings at high energy densities under the ideal gas approximation has a formulation in terms of the Hamilton-Jacobi theory. The two parameters of the system, which have dimensions of energy density and number density, respectively, define a family of hypersurfaces of a codimension one, which can be described by the vanishing of a function F that plays the role of a Hamiltonian.

Joseph, Anosh [Department of Physics, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244-1130 (United States); Rajeev, Sarada G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Department of Mathematics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627-0171 (United States)

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

480

Hamilton-Jacobi formalism for string gas thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the thermodynamics of a system of strings at high energy densities under the ideal gas approximation has a formulation in terms of Hamilton-Jacobi theory. The two parameters of the system, which have dimensions of energy density and number density, respectively, define a family of hypersurfaces of co-dimension one, which can be described by the vanishing of a function F that plays the role of a Hamiltonian.

Anosh Joseph; S. G. Rajeev

2008-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ideal gas law" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Federal Energy Management Program: Laws & Regulations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laws and Regulations Laws and Regulations EISA 432 Compliance Tracking Track Federal agency progress toward Section 432 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 using FEMP's EISA 432 Compliance Tracking System. Federal laws and regulations set multiple energy management requirements for Federal agencies spanning energy efficiency, renewable energy, water conservation, and alternative fuel use. This section outlines Federal energy management authorities through: Requirements by Subject: Find regulatory requirements and related guidance by topic area. Requirements by Regulation: Take an in-depth look at individual laws and regulations. The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) analyzes energy management authorities and develops rules and guidance to help Federal agencies comply with applicable requirements. Reporting requirements and Federal Government performance reports are also available through:

482

Risk and benefit in environmental law  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...67 : 729 ( 1979 ). RODGERS, W.H., HARD LOOK AT VERMONT YANKEE - ENVIRONMENTAL-LAW UNDER CLOSE SCRUTINY, GEORGETOWN...Cir., 1975) (low-level radiation from Maine Yankee plant acceptable). 16. Ethyl Corp. v. EPA, 541...

PF Ricci; LS Molton

1981-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

483

PUBLIC LAW 111-5?FEB  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PUBLIC LAW 111-5-FEB. 17,2009 123 STAT. 145 Sec. 406. RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ELECTRIC POWER TRANSMISSION LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM. (a) AMENDMENT.--Title XVII of the Energy Policy Act...

484

Centenary of the Second Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... IT is almost exactly a hundred years since what is now known as the second law of ... of thermodynamics was formulated. The honour of first making the general statement that "heat cannot of ...

J. A. V. Butler

1950-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

485

NEPA and Other Laws | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NEPA and Other Laws NEPA and Other Laws NEPA and Other Laws Selected documents providing guidance on the relationship between NEPA and other laws. March 5, 2013 NEPA and CEQA: Integrating State and Federal Environmental Reviews (Draft) The Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ), in collaboration with the California Governor's Office of Planning and Research, issued on March 5, 2013, a draft handbook on integrating NEPA and California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) review processes. The guide provides practitioners with an overview of NEPA and CEQA as well as valuable suggestions for developing a single environmental review process that can meet the requirements of both statutes. March 5, 2013 NEPA and NHPA: A Handbook for Integrating NEPA and Section 106 In this document the Council on Environmental Quality and the Advisory

486

Corporate Board By-Laws | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the by-laws of the EM QA Corporate Board. By-Laws Office of Environmental Management Quality Assurance Corporate Board More Documents & Publications ORSSAB Bylaws High Level...

487

Improved Engine Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics Improved Engine Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...

488

Montana Streamside Management Zone Law Webpage | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zone Law Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Montana Streamside Management Zone Law Webpage Abstract Provides information on...

489

Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the American...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Emergency Order and allow federal and state regulators the discretion to enforce binding air pollution control laws. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the...

490

Testing the Newton law at long distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental tests of Newton law put stringent constraints on potential deviations from standard theory with ranges from the millimeter to the size of planetary orbits. Windows however remain open for short range deviations, below the millimeter, as well as long range ones, of the order of or larger than the size of the solar system. We discuss here the relation between long range tests of the Newton law and the anomaly recorded on Pioneer 10/11 probes.

Serge Reynaud; Marc-Thierry Jaekel

2005-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

491

Fuel gas conditioning process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for conditioning natural gas containing C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons and/or acid gas, so that it can be used as combustion fuel to run gas-powered equipment, including compressors, in the gas field or the gas processing plant. Compared with prior art processes, the invention creates lesser quantities of low-pressure gas per unit volume of fuel gas produced. Optionally, the process can also produce an NGL product.

Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws and Local Option Solar Rights Law  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws and Local Option Solar Rights Law Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws and Local Option Solar Rights Law < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Wind Program Info State Oregon Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Oregon has several laws that protect access to solar and wind resources and the use of solar energy systems. Oregon's solar access laws date back to 1979 and state that no person conveying or contracting to convey a property title can include provisions that prohibit the use of solar energy systems

493

OpenEI:Projects/Improvements Oil and Gas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improvements Oil and Gas Improvements Oil and Gas Jump to: navigation, search This page is used to coordinate plans for creating content for the Oil and Gas Gateway. Contents 1 Oil | Energy Basics 2 Oil | General Classification 3 Oil | Uses 3.1 Fuels 3.2 Derivatives 3.3 Agriculture 4 Natural Gas | Energy Basics 5 Natural Gas | General Classification 5.1 Biogas 6 Natural Gas | Uses 6.1 Power Generation 6.2 Domestic Use 6.3 Transportation 6.4 Fertilizers 6.5 Aviation 6.6 Creation of Hydrogen 6.7 Additional Uses 7 State Oil and Gas Boards, Commissions, etc. 8 Federal Statutes, Laws, Regulations related to Oil and Gas 9 International Oil and Gas Boards, Commissions, etc. 10 Private Datasets 11 Oil and Gas Companies 12 Other Notes 12.1 Definitely Helpful 12.2 Possibly Helpful 13 Project Participants Oil | Energy Basics

494

Analysis of three idealized reactor configurations: plate, pin, and homogeneous. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detailed Monte Carlo calculations have been performed for three distinct configurations of an idealized fast critical assembly. This idealized assembly was based on the LMFBR benchmark critical assembly ZPR-6/7. In the first configuration, the entire core was loaded with the plate unit cell of ZPR-6/7. In the second configuration, the entire core was loaded with the ZPR sodium-filled pin calandria. The actual ZPR pin calandria are loaded with mixed (U,Pu) oxide pins which closely match the composition of the ZPR-6/7 plate unit cell. For the present study, slight adjustments were made in the atom concentrations and the length of the pin calandria in order to make the core boundaries and average composition for the pin-cell configuration identical to those of the plate-cell configuration. In the third configuration, the core was homogeneous, again with identical core boundaries and average composition as the plate and pin configurations.

McKnight, R.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

A UNIVERSAL, LOCAL STAR FORMATION LAW IN GALACTIC CLOUDS, NEARBY GALAXIES, HIGH-REDSHIFT DISKS, AND STARBURSTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Star formation laws are rules that relate the rate of star formation in a particular region, either an entire galaxy or some portion of it, to the properties of the gas, or other galactic properties, in that region. While observations of Local Group galaxies show a very simple, local star formation law in which the star formation rate per unit area in each patch of a galaxy scales linearly with the molecular gas surface density in that patch, recent observations of both Milky Way molecular clouds and high-redshift galaxies apparently show a more complicated relationship in which regions of equal molecular gas surface density can form stars at quite different rates. These data have been interpreted as implying either that different star formation laws may apply in different circumstances, that the star formation law is sensitive to large-scale galaxy properties rather than local properties, or that there are high-density thresholds for star formation. Here we collate observations of the relationship between gas and star formation rate from resolved observations of Milky Way molecular clouds, from kpc-scale observations of Local Group galaxies, and from unresolved observations of both disk and starburst galaxies in the local universe and at high redshift. We show that all of these data are in fact consistent with a simple, local, volumetric star formation law. The apparent variations stem from the fact that the observed objects have a wide variety of three-dimensional size scales and degrees of internal clumping, so even at fixed gas column density the regions being observed can have wildly varying volume densities. We provide a simple theoretical framework to remove this projection effect, and we use it to show that all the data, from small solar neighborhood clouds with masses {approx}10{sup 3} M{sub Sun} to submillimeter galaxies with masses {approx}10{sup 11} M{sub Sun }, fall on a single star formation law in which the star formation rate is simply {approx}1% of the molecular gas mass per local free-fall time. In contrast, proposed star formation laws in which the star formation timescale is set by the galactic rotation period are inconsistent with the data from the Milky Way and the Local Group, while those in which the star formation rate is linearly proportional to the gas mass above some density threshold fail both in the Local Group and for starburst galaxies.

Krumholz, Mark R. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Dekel, Avishai [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel); McKee, Christopher F., E-mail: krumholz@ucolick.org, E-mail: dekel@phys.huji.ac.il, E-mail: cmckee@astro.berkeley.edu [Departments of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

496

Introducing Chaos in Economic Gas-like Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper considers ideal gas-like models of trading markets, where each agent is identified as a gas molecule that interacts with others trading in elastic or money-conservative collisions. Traditionally, these models introduce different rules of random selection and exchange between pair agents. Unlike these traditional models, this work introduces a chaotic procedure able of breaking the pairing symmetry of agents (i,j)->(j,i). Its results show that, the asymptotic money distributions of a market under chaotic evolution can exhibit a transition from Gibbs to Pareto distributions, as the pairing symmetry is progressively broken.

C. Pellicer-Lostao; R. Lopez-Ruiz

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

497

Shockwave-driven, non-ideal plasmas for interaction experiments with heavy-ion beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plasma targets for measuring energy loss and charge-state distribution of heavy ions in non-ideal plasmas have been developed. Ar plasmas with ?-parameters 0.551.5 could be realized and the interaction with several ion species studied. Here, the results for 5.9 MeV/u C ions are presented. The energy loss in plasma was reproduced in different experiments.

K Weyrich; H Wahl; D H H Hoffmann; A A Golubev; A V Kantsyrev; B Yu Sharkov; M Kulish; S Dudin; V B Mintsev; V E Fortov; V Gryaznov

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Vehicle Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

499

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Dealer License to someone by E-mail Dealer License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

500

The genius of Roman law from a law and economics perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Law of Property: The Numerus Clausus Principle. Yale Lawto see that the numerus clausus principle also operates inAsymmetric information and numerus clausus in Roman private

Granado, Juan Javier del

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z