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Sample records for iceland dynamic land

  1. ARTICLE IN PRESS Volcano geodesy and magma dynamics in Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Rikke

    ARTICLE IN PRESS Volcano geodesy and magma dynamics in Iceland Erik Sturkell a,*, Pa´ll Einarsson b-van Dalfsen d , Alan T. Linde e , Selwyn I. Sacks e , Ragnar Stefa´nsson a a Icelandic Meteorological Office, Reykjavi´k, Bu´staðavegur 9, 150 Reykjavi´k, Iceland b Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland

  2. ICELANDIC RHYTHMICS: ANNUAL MODULATION OF LAND ELEVATION AND PLATE SPREADING BY SNOW LOAD (AGU G33B-0055)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grapenthin, Ronni

    ICELANDIC RHYTHMICS: ANNUAL MODULATION OF LAND ELEVATION AND PLATE SPREADING BY SNOW LOAD (AGU ­ G Volcanological Center, Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland 2 Icelandic Meteorological Office, Reykjavik, Iceland 3 IRD, UMR5559, Laboratoire de Geophysique Interne et Tectonophysique

  3. Icelandic rhythmics: Annual modulation of land elevation and plate spreading by snow load

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grapenthin, Ronni

    Icelandic rhythmics: Annual modulation of land elevation and plate spreading by snow load Ronni to annual snow load in Iceland. The load is modeled using Green's functions for an elastic halfspace and a simple sinusoidal load history on Iceland's four largest ice caps. We derive E = 40 ± 15 GPa as a minimum

  4. Iceland is one of the most dynamic geologic places on Earth, and the only place where a Mid-Ocean Ridge vol-canism can be seen on land and coexists with mantle plume activity (hotspot). Students will be able to witness first

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iceland is one of the most dynamic geologic places on Earth, and the only place where a Mid and observation in Iceland. In addition to the spectacular geology, Iceland also provides a great opportunity, and travel on-campus and while in Iceland. For More Information, Visit - http://ees.furman.edu or http

  5. Since Iceland was settled 1100 y ago, declines in vegetated land cover has been accompanied by severe wind and water erosion. Interaction of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archer, Steven R.

    Since Iceland was settled 1100 y ago, declines in vegetated land cover has been accompanied microtopography (i.e. hummock shape and size). DEGRADATION OF ICELANDIC RANGELANDS: PROCESSESS AND PROPERTIES J&M University, College Station, 2Soil Conservation Service, Gunnarsholt, Iceland, 3Agricultural Research

  6. Geology and geodynamics of Iceland R.G. Trnnes, Nordic volcanological Institute, University of Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingólfsson, Ólafur

    Geology and geodynamics of Iceland R.G. Trønnes, Nordic volcanological Institute, University of Iceland Iceland is located where the asthenosperic flow under the the NE Atlantic plate boundary interacts and mixes with a deep-seated mantle plume. The buoyancy of the Iceland plume leads to dynamic uplift

  7. IcelandIc for Fall and Spring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    IcelandIc for foreIgners Fall and Spring SemeSterS #12;I- 103 Icel IcelandIc for fore to introduce the basic structure of icelandic as well as increasing the cultural awareness of the participants or no knowledge of icelandic. Main emphasis will be on the basic grammar structures and vocabulary used in common

  8. High-latitude vegetation dynamics: 850 years of vegetation development on Mt Hekla, Iceland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cutler, Nick

    2008-01-01

    on Mt Hekla in south-central Iceland. The chronosequence approach was used to infer 850 years of vegetation development from a suite of 14 lava flows (five of which had been disturbed by the deposition of volcanic tephra). The thesis is organised around...

  9. University of Iceland Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bristol, University of

    University of Iceland __________________________________________________________________________________________ Description The University of Iceland (Háskóli Íslands) is a state university founded in 1911. Today, the University of Iceland serves a nation of approximately 320,000 people and provides instruction for some 15

  10. The Icelandic Power Situation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    #12;The Icelandic Power Situation #12;Iceland generates the most electricity in Europe per capita plants and customers 52 MWh per capita #12;Electrical usage in Iceland Low cost reliable and renewable energy attracts power intensive industry to Iceland Households use only 5% 90% of district heating

  11. Eruption dynamics within an emergent subglacial setting: a case study of the 2004 eruption of Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jude-Eton, Tanya Chantal; Eton, Tanya Chantal Jude

    2013-07-01

    The November 2004 explosive eruption of Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland (G2004) commenced as a subglacial event within the interior of the Vatnajökull ice cap before breaking through the ice cover to generate a 6-10 km high ...

  12. Iceland Pre-cruIse OPtIOn August 11 to 13, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iceland Pre-cruIse OPtIOn August 11 to 13, 2013 $630 per person, double occupancy. $830 per person, single occupancy. Iceland is a land of unparalleled geological riches and home to some of the most is a combination of intense energy and total calm. The country of Iceland as we know it continues to take shape

  13. Ice-volcano interactions Eyjafjallajkull volcano, Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berthier, Etienne

    Ice-volcano interactions in Eyjafjallajökull volcano, Iceland Eyjólfur Magnússon1, Magnús Tumi Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland 2. Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland 3. Icelandic Coast Guard SPIRIT workshop 29&30 April 2010, Toulouse Picture by Eyjólfur

  14. Interactions among bioenergy feedstock choices, landscape dynamics, and land use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Wright, Lynn L [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Downing, Mark [ORNL; Graham, Robin Lambert [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    Landscape implications of bioenergy feedstock choices are significant and depend on land-use practices and their environmental impacts. Although land-use changes and carbon emissions associated with bioenergy feedstock production are dynamic and complicated, lignocellulosic feedstocks may offer opportunities that enhance sustainability when compared to other transportation fuel alternatives. For bioenergy sustainability, major drivers and concerns revolve around energy security, food production, land productivity, soil carbon and erosion, greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, air quality, and water quantity and quality. The many implications of bioenergy feedstock choices require several indicators at multiple scales to provide a more complete accounting of effects. Ultimately, the long-term sustainability of bioenergy feedstock resources (as well as food supplies) throughout the world depends on land-use practices and landscape dynamics. Land-management decisions often invoke trade-offs among potential environmental effects and social and economic factors as well as future opportunities for resource use. The hypothesis being addressed in this paper is that sustainability of bioenergy feedstock production can be achieved via appropriately designed crop residue and perennial lignocellulosic systems. We find that decision makers need scientific advancements and adequate data that both provide quantitative and qualitative measures of the effects of bioenergy feedstock choices at different spatial and temporal scales and allow fair comparisons among available options for renewable liquid fuels.

  15. Reviewed research article An Iceland hotspot saga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bjarnason, Ingi

    Reviewed research article An Iceland hotspot saga Ingi Þorleifur Bjarnason Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, Sturlugata 7, IS-101 Reykjavík, Iceland ingib@raunvis.hi.is Abstract -- Is Iceland a hotspot, with ridge-centered plume? In Iceland vigorous volcanism has built up a plateau 3.0 km

  16. Name Law and Gender in Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willson, Kendra

    2009-01-01

    in early nineteenth-century Iceland. ” History of the FamilyMA thesis, University of Iceland. Guðrún Kvaran and SigurðurName Law and Gender in Iceland by Kendra Willson CSW JUN09

  17. HYDROCARBON CONSTITUENTS OF ICELAND LEAF FOSSIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jerry; Calvin, Melvin.

    2008-01-01

    Survey for supplies of Iceland Leaf Fossils. part by Theof the Tertiary History of Iceland, North Atl anti c Bi otaFigure 1 A small slab of Iceland leaf fossil. 20cm long and

  18. Asymmetric pedestrian dynamics on a staircase landing from continuous measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corbetta, Alessandro; Muntean, Adrian; Toschi, Federico

    2015-01-01

    We investigate via extensive experimental data the dynamics of pedestrians walking in a corridor-shaped landing in a building at Eindhoven University of Technology. With year-long automatic measurements employing a Microsoft KinectTM 3D-range sensor and ad hoc tracking techniques, we acquired few hundreds of thousands pedestrian trajectories in real-life conditions. Here we discuss the asymmetric features of the dynamics in the two walking directions with respect to the flights of stairs (i.e. ascending or descending). We provide a detailed analysis of position and speed fields for the cases of pedestrians walking alone undisturbed and for couple of pedestrians in counter-flow. Then, we show average walking velocities exploring all the observed combinations in terms of numbers of pedestrians and walking directions.

  19. Relative Sea-Level Chanhes in Iceland 25 3. Relative Sea-Level Changes in Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingólfsson, Ólafur

    Relative Sea-Level Chanhes in Iceland 25 3. Relative Sea-Level Changes in Iceland: new Aspects of the Weichselian Deglaciation of Iceland Hreggviður Norðdahl1 and Halldór G. Pétursson2 1 University of Iceland, Science Institute, Dunhagi 3, IS-107 Reykjavik 2 Icelandic Institute of Natural History, IS-600 Akureyri 3

  20. Asymmetric plume-ridge interaction around Iceland: The Kolbeinsey Ridge Iceland Seismic Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hooft, Emilie

    Asymmetric plume-ridge interaction around Iceland: The Kolbeinsey Ridge Iceland Seismic Experiment of Iceland, O¨skju, Sturlugo¨ta 7, IS-101 Reykjavi´k, Iceland Rolf Mjelde Department of Earth Science and Tjo¨rnes Fracture Zone and thus quantifies the influence of the Iceland hot spot on melt flux

  1. Will Iceland be an island forever?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    Will Iceland be an island forever? Potential interconnection of the Icelandic power system. Germany and energy security is going to be a bigger issue in energy policy than before. Iceland, Qatar and other countries with stranded power are far off the trend line due to hydro and geothermal in Iceland and gas

  2. The Eyjafjallajkull volcanic system, Iceland: insights from electromagnetic measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    The Eyjafjallajökull volcanic system, Iceland: insights from electromagnetic measurements Journal; Iceland Geosurvey, Vilhjálmsson, Arnar; Iceland Geosurvey, Keywords: Magnetotellurics system, Iceland: insights from1 electromagnetic measurements2 Marion P. Miensopust1,2, , Alan G. Jones1

  3. Agricultural land use dynamics in the Brazilian Amazon based on remote sensing and census data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camara, Gilberto

    that carbon dioxide (CO2) from land use change contributed to 12% (in terms of CO2 equivalents) of the totalAgricultural land use dynamics in the Brazilian Amazon based on remote sensing and census data of biodiversity, erosion, floods, lowered water tables, as well as increased release of carbon into the atmosphere

  4. RIDGE JUMP PROCESS IN ICELAND Sebastian GARCIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 RIDGE JUMP PROCESS IN ICELAND Sebastian GARCIA Freie Universität Berlin ­ Department of Geologie, sgarcia@zedat.fu-berlin.de Abstract Eastward ridge jumps bring the volcanic zones of Iceland back pulses triggers these ridge jumps. One of them is occurring in Southern Iceland, whereas the exact

  5. Reviewed research article Crustal deformation in Iceland: Plate spreading and earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Árnadóttir, Þóra

    Reviewed research article Crustal deformation in Iceland: Plate spreading and earthquake, Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, IS-101 Reykjavík, Iceland 2 Physics Department, Icelandic Meteorological Office, Reykjavík, Iceland 3 GPS Research Center, Wuhan University 129 Luoyu Road

  6. Observing Iceland's Eyjafjallajkull 2010 eruptions with the autonomous NASA Volcano Sensor Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Robert

    Observing Iceland's Eyjafjallajökull 2010 eruptions with the autonomous NASA Volcano Sensor Web, the Hyperion hyperspectral imager and Advanced Land Imager (ALI) on NASA's Earth Observing 1 (EO-1) spacecraft by using the autonomously operating NASA Volcano Sensor Web (VSW). The VSW incorporates notifications

  7. Iceland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    infrastructure. The advantages of Icelandic biodiesel production and use are twofold: lower carbon emissions and domestic production, both of which result in increased energy...

  8. Iceland Geothermal Conference 2013 - Geothermal Policies and...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Iceland Geothermal Conference presentation on March 7, 2013 by Chief Engineer Jay Nathwani of the U.S. Department of Energys Geothermal Technologies Office. icelandgeothermalco...

  9. International Conference on Software Development, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland May 27 -June 1, 2005. Initiating Software Process Improvement in Small Enterprises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Québec, Université du

    International Conference on Software Development, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland May 27, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland May 27 - June 1, 2005. A solution to this problem was needed

  10. A Testbed for Mars Precision Landing Experiments by Emulating Spacecraft Dynamics on a Model Helicopter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukhatme, Gaurav S.

    Helicopter Srikanth Saripalli and Gaurav S. Sukhatme Robotics Embedded Systems Laboratory Department,gaurav}@robotics.usc.edu Abstract We propose the use of a model helicopter to emulate the landing dynamics of a spacecraft. Our controller accepts thruster inputs (like those on a spacecraft) and converts them into appropriate helicopter

  11. Surges of glaciers in Iceland Helgi BJO RNSSON,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flowers, Gwenn

    Surges of glaciers in Iceland Helgi BJO« RNSSON,1 Finnur PA¨ LSSON,1 Oddur SIGUROESSON,2 Gwenn E. FLOWERS1* 1 Science Institute, University of Iceland, Dunhaga 3, IS-107 ReykjavõÂk, Iceland E-mail: hb@raunvis.hi.is 2 National Energy Authority, Grensa¨ svegi 9, IS-108 ReykjavõÂk, Iceland ABSTRACT. Surges are common

  12. Subglacial lakes and jokulhlaups in Iceland Helgi Bjornsson*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingólfsson, Ólafur

    Subglacial lakes and jo¨kulhlaups in Iceland Helgi Bjo¨rnsson* Science Institute, University of Iceland, Hagi, Hofsvallagata 53, 107 Reykjavi´k, Iceland Accepted 1 March 2002 Abstract Active volcanoes and hydrothermal systems underlie ice caps in Iceland. Glacier­volcano interactions produce meltwater that either

  13. Visualisation of historic earthquakes in Iceland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irigaki, Yuima

    2012-11-29

    Iceland is subject to variety of geological phenomena due to the intense plate-boundary processes, driven by tectonics and magmatism from the mantle below. Such volcanism can have serious social and economic costs: the 2010 eruption...

  14. Seismic evidence for a tilted mantle plume and north^south mantle ow beneath Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Yang

    Seismic evidence for a tilted mantle plume and north^south mantle £ow beneath Iceland Yang Shen a.W., Washington, DC 20015, USA c Science Institute, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland d Department, Grensasvegi 9, Reykjavik, Iceland f Meteorological O/ce of Iceland, Bustadavegi 9, Reykjavik, Iceland g US

  15. STA4000 Final Report -Detailed Analysis Investigation on Iceland Population Growth and Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

    STA4000 Final Report - Detailed Analysis Investigation on Iceland Population Growth and Climate of Iceland Population Growth and Climate Change. 2 Data Source 2.1 Population of Iceland Iceland settler to Iceland is around 9th century. Iceland has a relative stable and simple population structure

  16. Icelandic Data Driven Part of Speech Tagging Mark Dredze

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dredze, Mark

    Icelandic Data Driven Part of Speech Tagging Mark Dredze Department of Computer and Information tagger to han- dle fine grained tagsets and improve over the best Icelandic POS tagger. Additionally, we. In this work we consider Icelandic, a language for which a linguistic rule-based method is the current state

  17. Explosive silicic eruptions in Iceland: from vent to peat bog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Explosive silicic eruptions in Iceland: from vent to peat bog OUTLINE Microtephra horizons, found in soils across Scotland, contain fine ash produced by explosive eruptions in Iceland. They represent presented by the eruptions that produce them. ASHFALL IN SCOTLAND Ash from numerous volcanoes in Iceland can

  18. Reinterpretation of the RRISP-77 Iceland Shear Wave Profiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menke, William

    Reinterpretation of the RRISP-77 Iceland Shear Wave Profiles William Menke , Bryndís Brandsdóttir Sciences of Columbia University, Palisades NY 10964 USA £ Science Institute, University of Iceland Dunhagi 5, Reykjavík IS-107 Iceland SUMMARY Two shear wave profiles, E and G, collected during the 1977

  19. Reservation Form: University of Maryland / Iceland & the North Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Benjamin

    Reservation Form: University of Maryland / Iceland & the North Sea Send form by mail or fax,mysticbeautyoftheNorthSea.Highlightsinclude GeirangerFjord,thefairyislandsofShetland,ScotlandandFaroeIslands inDenmark,andtwoportsinIceland.SettleinwithadramofScotch inthelivelyoldseaportofLerwick,thenenjoyarelaxingdayatseabefore reachingthevolcaniclandscapesofAkureyri,Iceland

  20. Hengill geothermal volcanic complex (Iceland) characterized by integrated geophysical observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Hengill geothermal volcanic complex (Iceland) characterized by integrated geophysical observations Cedex 02, France. 2 GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam - Section 2.2, 14473 Potsdam, Germany. 3 Iceland GeoSurvey - ISOR , 108 Reykjavík, Iceland Abstract Structural features of volcanic and hydrothermal systems can

  1. Reinterpretation of the RRISP77 Iceland Shear Wave Profiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menke, William

    Reinterpretation of the RRISP­77 Iceland Shear Wave Profiles William Menke 1 , Bryndís Brandsdóttir. of Geological Sciences of Columbia University, Palisades NY 10964 USA 2 Science Institute, University of Iceland Dunhagi 5, Reykjavík IS­107 Iceland SUMMARY Two shear wave profiles, E and G, collected during the 1977

  2. Land cover change and remote sensing: Examples of quantifying spatiotemporal dynamics in tropical forests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krummel, J.R.; Su, Haiping; Fox, J.; Yarnasan, S.; Ekasingh, M.

    1995-06-01

    Research on human impacts or natural processes that operate over broad geographic areas must explicitly address issues of scale and spatial heterogeneity. While the tropical forests of Southeast Asia and Mexico have been occupied and used to meet human needs for thousands of years, traditional forest management systems are currently being transformed by rapid and far-reaching demographic, political, economic, and environmental changes. The dynamics of population growth, migration into the remaining frontiers, and responses to national and international market forces result in a demand for land to produce food and fiber. These results illustrate some of the mechanisms that drive current land use changes, especially in the tropical forest frontiers. By linking the outcome of individual land use decisions and measures of landscape fragmentation and change, the aggregated results shows the hierarchy of temporal and spatial events that in summation result in global changes to the most complex and sensitive biome -- tropical forests. By quantifying the spatial and temporal patterns of tropical forest change, researchers can assist policy makers by showing how landscape systems in these tropical forests are controlled by physical, biological, social, and economic parameters.

  3. Keller et al. -IMAGING ICELAND HOTSPOT -03/08/00 -page 1 of 12 Difficulties in Seismically Imaging the Icelandic Hotspot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Don L.

    ____________________________________________________________ Keller et al. - IMAGING ICELAND HOTSPOT - 03/08/00 - page 1 of 12 Difficulties in Seismically Imaging the Icelandic Hotspot William R@gps.caltech.edu #12;____________________________________________________________ Keller et al. - IMAGING ICELAND

  4. A Dynamic Simulation of the Indirect Land Use Implications of Recent Biofuel Production and Use in the United States.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oladosu, Gbadebo A; Kline, Keith L

    2013-01-01

    The global indirect land use change (ILUC) implications of biofuel use in the United States of America (USA) from 2001 to 2010 are evaluated with a dynamic general equilibrium model. The effects of biofuels production on agricultural land area vary by year; from a net expansion of 0.17 ha per 1000 gallons produced (2002) to a net contraction of 0.13 ha per 1000 gallons (2018) in Case 1 of our simulation. In accordance with the general narrative about the implications of biofuel policy, agricultural land area increased in many regions of the world. However, oil-export dependent economies experienced agricultural land contraction because of reductions in their revenues. Reducing crude oil imports is a major goal of biofuel policy, but the land use change implications have received little attention in the literature. Simulations evaluating the effects of doubling supply elasticities for land and fossil resources show that these parameters can significantly influence the land use change estimates. Therefore, research that provides empirically-based and spatially-detailed agricultural land-supply curves and capability to project future fossil energy prices is critical for improving estimates of the effects of biofuel policy on land use.

  5. Pro-Rector Rector's Office University of Iceland Saemundargata 2 101 Reykjavik Iceland www.hi.is Jn Atli Benediktsson Tel: +354 525 4047

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Chein-I

    Pro-Rector · Rector's Office · University of Iceland · Saemundargata 2 · 101 Reykjavik ·Iceland · www.hi.is Jón Atli Benediktsson Tel: +354

  6. The Impact of Divergence Time on the Nature of Population Structure: An Example from Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, David

    The Impact of Divergence Time on the Nature of Population Structure: An Example from Iceland Alkes, Reykjavik, Iceland, 5 University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland, 6 Department of Mental Health, University The Icelandic population has been sampled in many disease association studies, providing a strong motivation

  7. Seismic tomography shows that upwelling beneath Iceland is confined to the upper mantle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Richard M.

    Seismic tomography shows that upwelling beneath Iceland is confined to the upper mantle G. R of Iceland, Bustadavegi 9, Reykjavik, Iceland 5 National Energy Authority, Grensasvegi 9, Reykjavik, Iceland of the highest-resolution teleseismic tomography study yet performed of the upper mantle beneath Iceland

  8. Rethinking secondary state formation in medieval Iceland : trade and social connectivity in the Norse economic territory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Tara Dawn

    2010-01-01

    Háskóli Íslands (University of Iceland). Zoëga, Guðný. 2003.13-28. Reykjavík: University of Iceland. -------. 2005. “WhyCentres: Church Centres in Iceland from the 11 th to the 13

  9. A summary of modeling studies of the Krafla Geothermal Field, Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodvarsson, Gudmundur S.; Pruess, Karsten; Stefansson, Valgardur; Eliasson, Einar T.

    1983-01-01

    geothermal f i e l d i n Iceland: Proceedings of t h egeothermal f i e l d , Iceland, j o i n t report by LawrenceEnergy Authority of Iceland. Sigurdsson, O . , 1978,

  10. Power and Political Communication. Feasting and Gift Giving in Medieval Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palsson, Vidar

    2010-01-01

    of Marriage in Medieval Iceland 1200-1600. Aarhus: AarhusByock, Jesse L. Medieval Iceland. Society, Sagas, and Power.Byock, Jesse L. Viking Age Iceland. Harmondsworth: Penguin

  11. New paleointensity results from rapidly cooled Icelandic lavas: Implications for Arctic geomagnetic field strength

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cromwell, G; Tauxe, L; Halldõrsson, SA

    2015-01-01

    age uncertainties. Absolute geochronology is rare becauseIceland, Quaternary Geochronology, 5, 10–19, doi:10.1016/j.Magnetostratigraphy and geochronology of Northwest iceland,

  12. Helium isotopes in geothermal systems- Iceland, The Geysers,...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    mixing, U-Th series alpha production and weathering release of crustal He, magma aging and tritiugenic addition of 3 He). Using this interpretational scheme, Iceland is...

  13. Decadal variability of sea surface temperatures off North Iceland over the last Marie-Alexandrine Sicrea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Decadal variability of sea surface temperatures off North Iceland over the last 2000 yrs Marie@lsce.cnrsgif.fr; Yiou@cea.fr b University of Iceland, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland. jeir@hi.is c Department of Earth millennia at unprecedented temporal resolution (2 to 5 years), from a marine core located off North Iceland

  14. INTRODUCTION The marine hydroids of Iceland have been the subject of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuchert, Peter

    SARSIA INTRODUCTION The marine hydroids of Iceland have been the subject of a number of systematic (1938). Three systematic studies treated the Icelandic hydroids in particular depth, namely Broch (1916 found around Iceland. Kramp (1938) esti- mated that about 96 hydroid species were known from Iceland

  15. Silicic magma petrogenesis in Iceland by remelting of hydrothermally altered crust based on oxygen isotope diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bindeman, Ilya N.

    Silicic magma petrogenesis in Iceland by remelting of hydrothermally altered crust based on oxygen, University of Iceland, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland; 6 Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, CNRS-Universite´ Blaise rocks (e.g. Gillis and Coogan, 2002; Jonasson, 2007; Wanless et al., 2010). Iceland represents the only

  16. Page | 1 International Office, University of Iceland, November 2012 General website www.hi.is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petriu, Emil M.

    Page | 1 International Office, University of Iceland, November 2012 General website www University of Iceland International Office Háskólatorg, Sæmundargata 4 101 Reykjavík Iceland Tel: +354 525, University of Iceland, November 2012 One passport photograph Transcript of records. Original in English

  17. Page | 1 International Office, University of Iceland, December 2014 General website www.hi.is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrmann, Samuel

    Page | 1 International Office, University of Iceland, December 2014 General website www University of Iceland International Office Háskólatorg, Sæmundargata 4 101 Reykjavík Iceland Tel: +354 525 (signed by the student and his/her coordinator) #12;Page | 2 International Office, University of Iceland

  18. Laboratory and field-based instrumentation developments and noble gas-stable isotope systematics of Rungwe Volcanic Province, Iceland and the Central Indian Ridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barry, Peter Hagan; Barry, Peter Hagan

    2012-01-01

    in Icelandic geothermal systems: I. 3 He, gas chemistry, andisotopes in Icelandic geothermal systems: II. Helium–heatfrom Icelandic geothermal systems: geological constraints

  19. New insights into the origin, transport and behavior of noble gases : examples from Monterey Bay, Costa Rica, Iceland, and the Central Indian Ridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fueri, Evelyn

    2010-01-01

    Figure IV.1: Map of Iceland showing the neovolcanic zonesfluids from Iceland . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table IV.3:a palaeo-rift in northwest Iceland. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.

  20. Styles of surface rupture accompanying the June 17 and 21, 2000 earthquakes in the South Iceland Seismic Zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clifton, Amy Elizabeth

    Styles of surface rupture accompanying the June 17 and 21, 2000 earthquakes in the South Iceland, University of Iceland, Sturlugata 7, IS-101 Reykjavi´k, Iceland b Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, Sturlugata 7, IS-101, Reykjavi´k, Iceland Received 22 September 2003; accepted 22 November 2004

  1. Shrink-Swell Dynamics of Vertisol Catenae under Different Land Uses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dinka, Takele Mitiku

    2012-02-14

    of the shrinkage of a Vertisol under different land uses; and 3) determine the relationship between specific volume and water content of soils, particularly between saturation and field capacity. The research was conducted in Vertisol catenae of the Houston Black...

  2. Land use change in Maasailand drivers, dynamics and impacts on largeherbivores and agro-pastoralism 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Msoffe, Fortunata Urban

    2010-11-24

    The Maasailand of Kenya and Tanzania supports one of the richest wildlife populations remaining on Earth. However, over the last century, Maasailand has experienced land transformation notably through conversion of former ...

  3. Integrated Dynamic Gloabal Modeling of Land Use, Energy and Economic Growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atul Jain, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL Brian O'Neill, NCAR, Boulder, CO

    2009-10-14

    The overall objective of this collaborative project is to integrate an existing general equilibrium energy-economic growth model with a biogeochemical cycles and biophysical models in order to more fully explore the potential contribution of land use-related activities to future emissions scenarios. Land cover and land use change activities, including deforestation, afforestation, and agriculture management, are important source of not only CO2, but also non-CO2 GHGs. Therefore, contribution of land-use emissions to total emissions of GHGs is important, and consequently their future trends are relevant to the estimation of climate change and its mitigation. This final report covers the full project period of the award, beginning May 2006, which includes a sub-contract to Brown University later transferred to the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) when Co-PI Brian O'Neill changed institutional affiliations.

  4. Mulitdimensional reactive transport modeling of CO2 minreal sequestration in basalts at the Helllisheidi geothermal field, Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aradottir, E.S.P.

    2013-01-01

    Hengill area, Southwestern Iceland. Transp. Porous Med. 90,CO 2 capture in Hellisheidi, Iceland. In: Proceedings, TOUGHfor Windows. A User’s Manual. Iceland GeoSurvey Report ISOR-

  5. Tectonic and stratigraphic evolution of the tectonic and stratigraphic evolution of the Tjörnes Fracture Zone, Northern Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fenwick, Rebecca Ann

    2010-01-01

    rifting zone in Northern Iceland, Geol. Soc. of Am. Bull. ,J.P.M. , 2000, The N and W Iceland Shelf: insights into Lastsediments, northwest Iceland. Journal of Quaternary Science

  6. Deploying a wireless sensor network in Iceland Kirk Martinez1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    Deploying a wireless sensor network in Iceland Kirk Martinez1 , Jane K. Hart2 , Royan Ong3 1-School network was used rather than our more complex TDMA-based protocol [7] in order to simplify debugging

  7. Seismic tomography and surface deformation in Krýsuvík, SW Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jing, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    The Krýsuvík region of southwestern Iceland is a region of high potential for geothermal energy that is currently experiencing seismic swarm activity and active surface deformation. Understanding the subsurface structure ...

  8. Eruptions of volcanoes in Iceland: Katla and Eyjafjallojokull P.M.E.Altham, University of Cambridge.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Altham, Pat

    Eruptions of volcanoes in Iceland: Katla and Eyjafjalloj¨okull P.M.E.Altham, University to Iceland). Comment. Does the Duration of an eruption increase as the corresponding ReposeTime increases

  9. Feeding large eruptions : crystallisation, mixing and degassing in Icelandic magma chambers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Passmore, Emma

    Iceland straddles the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and overlies a mantle hotspot. This tectonic setting produces voluminous tholeiitic magmas. Volcanism in Iceland is focussed along three neovolcanic spreading ridges. During the ...

  10. Evolution of vertical faults at an extensional plate boundary, southwest Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kattenhorn, Simon

    Evolution of vertical faults at an extensional plate boundary, southwest Iceland James V. Grant1 Abstract Vertical faults having both opening and vertical displacements are common in southwest Iceland of both oblique and normal spreading in southwest Iceland. Individual fracture segments are commonly

  11. Origin of stratified basal ice in outlet glaciers of Vatnaj okull and O rfaj okull, Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Origin of stratified basal ice in outlet glaciers of Vatnaj ¨okull and O¨ ræfaj ¨okull, Iceland, Iceland. Boreas, Vol. 39, pp. 457­470. 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2009.00134.x. ISSN 0300-9483. During the period ice from warm-based outlet glaciers of Vatnaj ¨okull and O¨ ræfaj ¨okull, Iceland, and analysed them

  12. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Exploring gender factors related to PISA 2003 results in Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sriraman, Bharath

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Exploring gender factors related to PISA 2003 results in Iceland: a youth August 2008 Ã? FIZ Karlsruhe 2008 Abstract Students' mathematical achievement in Iceland, as reported in PISA 2003, showed significant and (by comparison) unusual gender differences in mathematics: Iceland

  13. High-Resolution Regional Climate Simulations over Iceland Using Polar MM5* DAVID H. BROMWICH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    High-Resolution Regional Climate Simulations over Iceland Using Polar MM5* DAVID H. BROMWICH Polar, Environmental and Food Agency, Reykjavik, Iceland (Manuscript received 9 August 2004, in final form 23 June 2005) ABSTRACT High-resolution regional climate simulations of Iceland for 1991­2000 have been performed using

  14. Holocene tephra from Iceland and Alaska in SE Greenland Shelf Sediments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoner, Joseph

    Holocene tephra from Iceland and Alaska in SE Greenland Shelf Sediments ANNE JENNINGS1*, THORVALDURJW, UK 3 Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, Askja, Sturlugata 7, Reykjavi´k 101, Iceland 4 College of Earth Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University 104 COAS Admin Building

  15. LONG TERM AND RECENT CLIMATE CHANGES RECORDED IN NORTH ATLANTIC OCEANIC ARCHIVES AROUND ICELAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 LONG TERM AND RECENT CLIMATE CHANGES RECORDED IN NORTH ATLANTIC OCEANIC ARCHIVES AROUND ICELAND natural variability and the underlying forcing mechanisms. A focus will be made on peri-icelandic marine of the Icelandic sector 1.1. A "hot spot" for oceanographers! The North Atlantic Ocean has always been the focus

  16. STA4000 Final Report -Summary Investigation on Iceland Population Growth and Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

    STA4000 Final Report - Summary Investigation on Iceland Population Growth and Climate Change CHEN is to investigate the relationship between the Iceland population growth and the climate change before the industrialization. The reason we choose Iceland is it has a relative stable and simple population structure (Most

  17. Mathematics Education in Iceland: Explaining the Non-homogeneity in a Homogenous System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bardsley, John

    Mathematics Education in Iceland: Explaining the Non-homogeneity in a Homogenous System Guðný Helga Gunnarsdóttir, Guðbjörg Pálsdóttir University of Iceland, School of Education & Bharath Sriraman The University of Montana Abstract: In this opening salvo to the Icelandic section, we synthesize some

  18. Plume-driven plumbing and crustal formation in Iceland Richard M. Allen,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Richard M.

    Plume-driven plumbing and crustal formation in Iceland Richard M. Allen,1,2 Guust Nolet,1 W. Jason- dimensional (3-D) crustal S velocity model and Moho map for Iceland. It reveals a vast plumbing system feeding Iceland. The low-velocity structure is interpreted as the thermal halo of pipe work which connects

  19. ECOLE THEMATIQUE CNRS SPRING SCHOOL Plouzan 11 14 May 2010 Iceland in the Central Northern Atlantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huck, Thierry

    #12;ECOLE THEMATIQUE ­ CNRS ­ SPRING SCHOOL ­ Plouzané ­ 11 ­14 May 2010 Iceland in the Central Northern Atlantic 2 #12;ECOLE THEMATIQUE ­ CNRS ­ SPRING SCHOOL ­ Plouzané ­ 11 ­14 May 2010 Iceland COMMUNICATIONS Recent and present-day tectonics near a hot spot : the transform zones of Iceland 12 Jökylhlaups

  20. Genesis of the Iceland Melt Anomaly by Plate Tectonic G. R. Foulger1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Don L.

    Genesis of the Iceland Melt Anomaly by Plate Tectonic Processes G. R. Foulger1 , James H. Natland3 252-21, Pasadena, CA 91125, dla@gps.caltech.edu Abstract Iceland is the best-studied, currently erupted in Iceland has geochemistry little different from normal mid-ocean ridge basalt and the detailed

  1. Abrupt climate changes for Iceland during the last millennium: evidence from high resolution sea ice reconstructions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abrupt climate changes for Iceland during the last millennium: evidence from high resolution sea, Norway Abstract A high resolution account of Icelandic sea ice over the last millennium has been ice and/or climate conditions around Iceland during the Little Ice Age. Author for correspondence

  2. Volume and mass balance changes of ice caps in Iceland deduced from elevation data and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berthier, Etienne

    Volume and mass balance changes of ice caps in Iceland deduced from elevation data and in-situ mass Guðmundsson, Þórdís Högnadóttir Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland (IES) Etienne Berthier LEGOS, Toulouse, France Tómas Jóhannesson, Oddur Sigurðsson, Þorsteinn Þorsteinsson The Icelandic

  3. Imaging seismic velocity structure beneath the Iceland hot spot: A finite frequency approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Yang

    Imaging seismic velocity structure beneath the Iceland hot spot: A finite frequency approach Shu and S wave speeds extending from shallow mantle to 400 km depth beneath Iceland. In reality, seismic waves anomaly beneath Iceland and its geodynamic implications. We developed a tomographic method that utilizes

  4. Variation in the crustal structure across central Iceland and G. R. Foulger2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    Variation in the crustal structure across central Iceland Zhijun Du1 and G. R. Foulger2 1 Institute in a swath across central Iceland along and around the ICEMELT explosion seismic profile by combining in Iceland. By using teleseisms that approach from different backazimuths, we study lateral structural

  5. A cool model for the Iceland hotspot G.R. Foulgera,*, Don L. Andersonb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    A cool model for the Iceland hotspot G.R. Foulgera,*, Don L. Andersonb a Department of Earth October 2004 Abstract Several primary features of the Iceland region require a posteriori adaptions that attributes the enhanced magmatism in the Iceland region to high local mantle fertility from subducted Iapetus

  6. Water masses and circulation pathways through the Iceland Basin during Vivaldi 1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water masses and circulation pathways through the Iceland Basin during Vivaldi 1996 R. T. Pollard through the middle of the Iceland Basin as far as 60°N, 20°W. A second branch (the Northern Branch or Sub into the northern Iceland Basin between Rockall and Lousy Banks. This saline, weakly stratified tongue can be traced

  7. Genetic heterogeneity of Atlantic bluefin tuna caught in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean south of Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Michael C.

    of Iceland Jens Carlsson, Jan R. McDowell, Jeanette E. L. Carlsson, Droplaug O´ lafsdo´ttir, and John E. Genetic heterogeneity of Atlantic bluefin tuna caught in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean south of Iceland, more recent studies south of Iceland reported only small differences in size of tuna caught

  8. THERE IS NO PLUME UNDER ICELAND an address to the Royal Astronomical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    THERE IS NO PLUME UNDER ICELAND an address to the Royal Astronomical Society London, 10th May, 2002 where he suggested that major volcanic areas on Earth such as Iceland, Yellowstone and Hawaii, which talk I am going to challenge the plume hypothesis in the case of Iceland, which is probably the best

  9. IcelandTravelandStudyAward The Iceland Travel and Study Award was created to reward academic achievement and to encourage and support student research about and/or research-related travel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peak, Derek

    IcelandTravelandStudyAward The Iceland Travel and Study Award was created to reward academic achievement and to encourage and support student research about and/or research-related travel to Iceland. There will be one award valued at $2,000 for 2014-2015. The Iceland Travel and Study Award is open to undergraduate

  10. New insights into the subglacial and periglacial hydrology of Vatnajo kull, Iceland, from a distributed physical model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flowers, Gwenn

    New insights into the subglacial and periglacial hydrology of Vatnajo« kull, Iceland, from, University of Iceland, Dunhaga 3, IS-107 ReykjavõÂk, Iceland E-mail: flowers@geop.ubc.ca ABSTRACT. We apply a time-dependent distributed glaciohydraulic model to Vatna- jo« kull ice cap, Iceland, aiming

  11. Primitive off-rift basalts from Iceland and Jan Mayen: Os-isotopic evidence for a mantle source containing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

    Primitive off-rift basalts from Iceland and Jan Mayen: Os-isotopic evidence for a mantle source Volcanological Center, Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland d Natural History elements, are presented for basalts from the three volcanic flank zones in Iceland and from Jan Mayen

  12. A LARGE ROCK AVALANCHE ONTO MORSRJKULL GLACIER, SOUTH-EAST ICELAND. ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR ICE-SURFACE EVOLUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 A LARGE ROCK AVALANCHE ONTO MORSÁRJ�KULL GLACIER, SOUTH-EAST ICELAND. ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR ICE 6042, GEOLAB, F-63057 Clermont-Ferrand, France (3) Natural Research Centre of Northwestern Iceland, Aðalgata 2, IS-550 Sauðárkrókur, Iceland (4) Icelandic Institute of Natural History, Borgum við Norðurslóð

  13. Three-dimensional mechanical models for the June 2000 earthquake sequence in the south Iceland seismic zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Komatitsch, Dimitri

    Three-dimensional mechanical models for the June 2000 earthquake sequence in the south Iceland, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland A B S T R A C TA R T I C L E I N F O Article history: Received 11 Keywords: South Iceland seismic zone Lithospheric heterogeneity influences Finite-element method Co

  14. Fire dynamics during the 20th century simulated by the Community Land Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kloster, Silvia [Cornell University; Mahowald, Natalie [Cornell University; Randerson, Jim [University of California, Irvine; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL; Levis, Sam [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Lawrence, Peter J. [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Feddema, Johan J. [University of Kansas; Oleson, Keith [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Lawrence, David M. [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

    2011-01-01

    Fire is an integral Earth System process that interacts with climate in multiple ways. Here we assessed the parametrization of fires in the Community Land Model (CLM-CN) and improved the ability of the model to reproduce contemporary global patterns of burned areas and fire emissions. In addition to wildfires we extended CLM-CN to account for fires related to deforestation. We compared contemporary fire carbon emissions predicted by the model to satellite-based estimates in terms of magnitude and spatial extent as well as interannual and seasonal variability. Long-term trends during the 20th century were compared with historical estimates. Overall we found the best agreement between simulation and observations for the fire parametrization based on the work by Arora and Boer (2005). We obtained substantial improvement when we explicitly considered human caused ignition and fire suppression as a function of population density. Simulated fire carbon emissions ranged between 2.0 and 2.4 Pg C/year for the period 1997 2004. Regionally the simulations had a low bias over Africa and a high bias over South America when compared to satellite-based products. The net terrestrial carbon source due to land use change for the 1990s was 1.2 Pg C/year with 11% stemming from deforestation fires. During 2000 2004 this flux decreased to 0.85 Pg C/year with a similar relative contribution from deforestation fires. Between 1900 and 1960 we predicted a slight downward trend in global fire emissions caused by reduced fuels as a consequence of wood harvesting and also by increases in fire suppression. The model predicted an upward trend during the last three decades of the 20th century as a result of climate variations and large burning events associated with ENSO-induced drought conditions.

  15. Earth is a dynamic, living oasis in the desolation of space. The land, oceans, and air interact in complex ways to give our planet a unique set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Earth is a dynamic, living oasis in the desolation of space. The land, oceans, and air interact in this process. In the mid 1980s, NASA developed a systems-based approach to studying the Earth and called it "Earth System Science" to advance the knowledge of Earth as a planet. Space-based observations

  16. Research on human genetics in Iceland. Progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-10-31

    Records of the Icelandic Population are being used to investigate the possible inheritance of disabilities and diseases as well as other characters and the effect of environment on man. The progress report of research covers the period 1977 to 1980. The investigation was begun in 1965 by the Genetical Committee of the University of Iceland and the materials used are demographic records from the year 1840 to present and various medical information. The records are being computerized and linked together to make them effective for use in hereditary studies.

  17. Progress report on research on human genetics in Iceland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-10-31

    Records of the Icelandic population are being used to investigate the possible inheritance of disabilities and diseases as well as other characteristics and the effect of environment on man. The progress report of research covers the period from 1977 to 1980. The investigation was begun in 1965 by the Genetical Committee of the University of Iceland and the materials used are demographic records from the year 1840 to present and various medical information. The records are being computerized and linked together to make them effective for use in hereditary studies.

  18. Imaging the mantle beneath Iceland using integrated seismological techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    head, this study presents a tomographic image of the mantle structure beneath Iceland to 400 km depth of the body wave and surface wave information reveals a predominantly horizontal low-velocity anomaly extending from the Moho down to $250 km depth, interpreted as a plume head. Below the plume head a near

  19. SUSTAINABLE GENERATION AND UTILIZATION OF ENERGY THE CASE OF ICELAND.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valfells, Ágúst

    ­hydro and geothermal energy. It has been estimated that the total potential energy of all precipitation Director, National Power Company #12;Figure I. Hydro Energy Derived from Precipitation in Iceland/annum of hydro- and geothermal energy may be used for generation of electricity in a sustainable manner

  20. Dynamics of Energy Transfer and Soft-Landing in Collisions of Protonated Dialanine with Perfluorinated Self-Assembled Monolayer Surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pratihar, Subha; Kohale, Swapnil C.; Bhakta, Dhruv G.; Laskin, Julia; Hase, William L.

    2014-11-21

    Chemical dynamics simulations are reported which provide atomistic details of collisions of protonated dialanine, ala2-H+, with a perfluorinateted octanethiolate self-assembled monolayer (F-SAM ) surface. The simulations are performed at collisions energy Ei of 5.0, 13.5, 22.5, 30.00, and 70 eV, and incident angles 0o 0 (normal) and grazing 45o. Excellent agreement with experiment (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 9703-9714) is found for both the average fraction and distribution of the collision energy transferred to the ala2-H+ internal degrees of freedom. The dominant pathway for this energy transfer is to ala2-H+ vibration, but for Ei = 5.0 eV ~20% of the energy transfer is to ala2-H+ rotation. Energy transfer to ala2-H+ rotation decreases with increase in Ei and becomes negligible at high Ei. Three types of collisions are observed in the simulations: i.e. those for which ala2-H+ (1) directly scatters off the F-SAM surface; (2) sticks/physisorbs on//in the surface, but desorbs within the 10 ps numerical integration of the simulations; and (3) remains trapped (i.e. soft-landed) on/in the surface when the simulations are terminated. Penetration of the F-SAM by ala2-H+ is important for the latter two types of events. The trapped trajectories are expected to have relatively long residence times on the surface, since a previous molecular dynamics simulation (J. Phys. Chem. B 2014, 118, 5577-5588) shows that thermally accommodated ala2-H+ ions have an binding energy with the F-SAM surface of at least ~15 kcal/mol.

  1. Laboratory and field-based instrumentation developments and noble gas-stable isotope systematics of Rungwe Volcanic Province, Iceland and the Central Indian Ridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barry, Peter Hagan; Barry, Peter Hagan

    2012-01-01

    an intrinsic part of the Iceland plume? Geochem. Geophys.whole mantle plume below Iceland, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. ,boundary in southwestern Iceland. J. Geophys. Res. 98 (B4),

  2. Jefferson Lab Hosts Series of Public Lectures in the Coming Months...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fire." Iceland is a land of great contrasts, especially in its physical geography and geology. Glaciers and volcanoes abound in this geologically dynamic land that sits astride...

  3. Rethinking secondary state formation in medieval Iceland : trade and social connectivity in the Norse economic territory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Tara Dawn

    2010-01-01

    Process,” In Bloomery Ironmaking During 2000 Years: InVolume I, Ancient Ironmaking in a Local and GeneralAudardóttir. 1992. “Ironmaking in Iceland,” In Bloomery

  4. Enhanced Land Subsidence and Seidment Dynamics in Galveston Bay- Implications for Geochemical Processes and Fate and Transport of Contaminants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almukaimi, Mohammad E

    2013-07-05

    of the San Jacinto River/Houston Ship Channel (SJR/HSC). Extensive groundwater has been withdrawn to support these industries and an expanding population has resulted elevated land subsidence, with the highest land subsidence in the lower SJR/HSC, of over 3 m...

  5. Evidence from P-to-S mantle converted waves for a flat b660-kmQ discontinuity beneath Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    Evidence from P-to-S mantle converted waves for a flat b660-kmQ discontinuity beneath Iceland Z. Du; accepted 19 September 2005 Available online 22 November 2005 Editor: R.D. van der Hilst Abstract Iceland discontinuity beneath central Iceland is shallow relative to peripheral regions and this was interpreted

  6. P. Schuchert 2001a. Hydroids of Greenland and Iceland (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa). Meddelelser om Grnland 53: 1-184.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuchert, Peter

    P. Schuchert 2001a. Hydroids of Greenland and Iceland (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa). Meddelelser om Grønland 53: 1-184. Errata During the printing process, the Icelandic letter ð (eth) was occasionally changed be replaced by "C, BIOICE 2516..." page 172: "Material of Icelandic Museum of Natural History BIOICE material

  7. Iceland is a country of breathtaking natural beauty, geothermal activity and volcanoes that, as we all know by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Iceland is a country of breathtaking natural beauty, geothermal activity and volcanoes that, as we. Después de la presentación habrá un pequeño refrigerio en la Sala de reuniones. Iceland: Glaciers Reykjavik University, Iceland SEMINARIO Departamento de Sistemas Informáticos y Computación Facultad de

  8. B u L m i m OF THE, UNITED STATES FISH COMMISSION. 301 91.-TRE ICELAND BflhRIC-FISHERIES.'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B u L m i m OF THE, UNITED STATES FISH COMMISSION. 301 91.-TRE ICELAND BflhRIC-FISHERIES.' The kind the entire Arctic Ocean, near Greenland and Iceland, and, though in smaller numbers, in the North Sea . in the Arctic Ocean between Beeren (Iceland)and Spitzbergen, where .these fish are called liuu7da

  9. RIDGE 2000 Integrated Study Site Proposal for Hotspot-Influenced Oceanic Spreading Centers: Iceland and the Reykjanes and Kolbeinsey Ridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menke, William

    RIDGE 2000 Integrated Study Site Proposal for Hotspot-Influenced Oceanic Spreading Centers: Iceland and the Reykjanes and Kolbeinsey Ridges Summary We propose that the Reykjanes Ridge, Iceland, and the Kolbeinsey efforts have focused on spreading rate as the primary variable, the Iceland-MAR system offers

  10. Constraints on crustal and mantle structure of the oceanic plate south of Iceland from ocean bottom recorded Rayleigh waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tilmann, Frederik

    Constraints on crustal and mantle structure of the oceanic plate south of Iceland from ocean bottom- drophones in the North Atlantic south of Iceland. During the deployment period we recorded clear Rayleigh curve is sensitive to the structure just south of Iceland (average plate age 33 Myr). Both dispersion

  11. Generation region of pulsating aurora obtained simultaneously by the FAST satellite and a Syowa-Iceland conjugate pair of observatories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Generation region of pulsating aurora obtained simultaneously by the FAST satellite and a Syowa-Iceland), with reference to simultaneous data obtained by a Syowa-Iceland conjugate pair of observatories. The aurora simultaneously by the FAST satellite and a Syowa-Iceland conjugate pair of observatories, J. Geophys. Res., 109

  12. Coulomb stress changes in the South Iceland Seismic Zone due to two large earthquakes in June 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Rikke

    Coulomb stress changes in the South Iceland Seismic Zone due to two large earthquakes in June 2000 Iceland Seismic Zone experienced the largest earthquakes for 88 years in June 2000, with a MS = 6.6 event of the next large earthquake in South Iceland. INDEX TERMS: 1242 Geodesy and Gravity: Seismic deformations

  13. Adaptation to Climate Change in Preindustrial Iceland By Matthew A. Turner, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Jian Chen, and Chunyan Hao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

    Adaptation to Climate Change in Preindustrial Iceland By Matthew A. Turner, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal and 19th century Iceland. We find that a year 1 C cooler than average drives down popu- lation growthth century Icelanders adapt to prolonged changes in climate: these adaptations take about 20 years

  14. Reply to comments by H. Bjornsson et al. on ``Iceland as a heat island'' D. H. Douglass, V. Patel,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglass, David H.

    Reply to comments by H. Bjornsson et al. on ``Iceland as a heat island'' D. H. Douglass, V. Patel,1., V. Patel, and R. S. Knox (2005), Reply to comments by H. Bjornsson et al. on ``Iceland as a heat] (hereinafter referred to as BJJ) make two critical points about our paper on Iceland [Douglass et al., 2005

  15. Theodora Volti and Stuart Crampin Shear-wave splitting in Iceland: 1 1 3/6.02 V1a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theodora Volti and Stuart Crampin Shear-wave splitting in Iceland: 1 1 3/6.02 ­ V1a TITLE PAGE A four-year study of shear-wave splitting in Iceland: 1 ­ background and preliminary analysis THEODORA. Received..... Page heading: Shear-wave splitting in Iceland: 1 Intended for publication in J. Geol. Soc

  16. Comparative study of the breeding success of Whooper Swans Cygnus cygnus nesting in upland and lowland regions of Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Jeff

    and lowland regions of Iceland E. C. REES*, J. M. BLACK*, C. J. SPRAYt & S. THORISSONS * Wildfowl and Wetlands of the breeding season of Whooper Swans Cygnus cygnus from two geographically distinct areas of Iceland, one that breeds at latitudes ofbetween 45'N and 70°N, extending from Iceland and northern Scandinavia across

  17. P-wave velocity structure of the crust and uppermost mantle beneath Iceland from local earthquake tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Yang

    P-wave velocity structure of the crust and uppermost mantle beneath Iceland from local earthquake and uppermost mantle beneath Iceland, the keys to understanding the magma plumbing system of the hotspot develop a three-dimensional P-wave velocity model of the Icelandic crust and uppermost mantle from

  18. The Kamikatsura event and the MatuyamaBrunhes reversal recorded in lavas from Tjrnes Peninsula, northern Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    , northern Iceland P. Camps a, , B.S. Singer b , C. Carvallo c , A. Goguitchaichvili d , G. Fanjat a , B Brunhes reversal paleointensity Ar­Ar dating Iceland Tjörnes We report paleomagnetic results from four overlapping stratigraphic sections (55 flows) through the lava pile in Tjörnes peninsula (North Iceland

  19. Rayleigh wave tomography in the North Atlantic: high resolution images of the Iceland, Azores and Eifel mantle plumes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rayleigh wave tomography in the North Atlantic: high resolution images of the Iceland, Azores, but to improve the path coverage a number of instruments at coastal sites in northwest Europe, Iceland three major hotspots: Iceland, the Azores and Eifel. The best depth resolution in the model occurs in NW

  20. Fracture populations on the Reykjanes Peninsula, Iceland: Comparison with experimental clay models of oblique rifting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fracture populations on the Reykjanes Peninsula, Iceland: Comparison with experimental clay models have used high-resolution scanned air photos and field measurements to analyze fracture population on the evolution of fracture populations on the Reykjanes Peninsula, SW Iceland. The peninsula is oriented

  1. Adaptation to Climate Change: Evidence from 18th and 19th Century Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

    to resources and technology. The effect of climate change on human populations can be explored from many anglesAdaptation to Climate Change: Evidence from 18th and 19th Century Iceland § Matthew A. Turner: We investigate the effect of climate change on population growth in 18th and 19th century Iceland. We

  2. F A S T -T R A C K P A P E R The seismic anomaly beneath Iceland extends down to the mantle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Richard M.

    F A S T - T R A C K P A P E R The seismic anomaly beneath Iceland extends down to the mantle, NJ 08544±5807, USA 4 Meteorological Of®ce of Iceland, Bustadavegi 9, Reykjavik, Iceland 5 National Energy Authority, Grensasvegi 9, Reykjavik, Iceland Accepted 2000 June 15. Received 2000 June 8

  3. Abstract, Rift to Ridge '07 workshop, Southampton, 28-29 June, 2007. Iceland: What we know and what we don't

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    Abstract, Rift to Ridge '07 workshop, Southampton, 28-29 June, 2007. Iceland: What we know and what for temperature anomalies associated with the North Atlantic Igneous Province or Iceland higher than a few 10s, there is no evidence that the source of magma at Iceland is a localised conduit beneath SE Iceland. Numerical models

  4. AlongStrike Seismic Structure of the Northern Volcanic Zone, Iceland William Menke (1,2), Michael West (1,2), Brynds Brandsdttir (3) and David Sparks (1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menke, William

    1 Along­Strike Seismic Structure of the Northern Volcanic Zone, Iceland William Menke (1 Insitute, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland (Revised for Geophysical Journal International) SUMMARY Seismic data from the B96 array in northern Iceland are used to constrain the compressional and shear

  5. Icelandic Control Is Not A-Movement: The Case from Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landau, Idan

    A rich literature on Icelandic syntax has established that infinitival complements of obligatory control verbs constitute a case assignment domain independent from the matrix clause, and in this differ systematically from ...

  6. Post glacial volcanism and magmatism on the Askja volcanic system, North Iceland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartley, Margaret Elizabeth

    2012-06-25

    Postglacial activity on the Askja volcanic system, north Iceland, has been dominated by basaltic volcanism. Over 80% of Askja's postglacial basalts fall within a relatively narrow compositional range containing between 4 and 8 wt.% MgO. The 'main...

  7. Tectonic and stratigraphic evolution of the tectonic and stratigraphic evolution of the Tjörnes Fracture Zone, Northern Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fenwick, Rebecca Ann

    2010-01-01

    content, and the geothermal gradient is high resulting inof dip slip motion. The geothermal gradient in Iceland is onhead. This increased geothermal gradient decreases the depth

  8. The Extremes of the Extremes: Extraordinary Floods (Proceedings of a symposium held at Reykjavik, Iceland, July 2000). IAHS Publ. no. 271, 2002. 101

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perfect, Ed

    , Iceland, July 2000). IAHS Publ. no. 271, 2002. 101 Recent extreme floods on Mars DEVON BURR Department

  9. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 denominado "Movilidad alumnos y #12;Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through

  10. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism;Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e

  11. Iceland is a small democratic state of nearly 300,000 inhabitants that sits in the North Atlantic between the continents of Europe, America, and the Arctic.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    Iceland is a small democratic state of nearly 300,000 inhabitants that sits in the North Atlantic for innovation of global significance, the small island nation of Iceland has assumed near iconic status in one entrepreneurial vision, Iceland's genomic innovations have helped transform med- ical and genealogical information

  12. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism, ICELAND AND LIECHTENSTEIN CALL UCM-EEA-MUNCH-01-2009 The UCM-EEA MUNCH Extraordinary Chair is created, Iceland and Liechtenstein", which aims to strengthen academic and research relations between the last

  13. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism APPLICATION FORM #12;Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial;Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary

  14. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism;Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary Bachelor Centre Date Ph.D. Centre Thesis Supervisor Date #12;Supported by a grant from Iceland

  15. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism. Secretary: +34 91 394 4385 e-mail: imi@mat.ucm.es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism IN UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE MADRID (MADRID, SPAIN) AND IN RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS IN NORWAY, ICELAND of the "Improving student, researchers and artists mobility and cooperation between Spain, Norway, Iceland

  16. A reduced-order modeling approach to represent subgrid-scale hydrological dynamics for land-surface simulations: application in a polygonal tundra landscape

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Pau, G. S. H.; Bisht, G.; Riley, W. J.

    2014-09-17

    Existing land surface models (LSMs) describe physical and biological processes that occur over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. For example, biogeochemical and hydrological processes responsible for carbon (CO2, CH4) exchanges with the atmosphere range from the molecular scale (pore-scale O2 consumption) to tens of kilometers (vegetation distribution, river networks). Additionally, many processes within LSMs are nonlinearly coupled (e.g., methane production and soil moisture dynamics), and therefore simple linear upscaling techniques can result in large prediction error. In this paper we applied a reduced-order modeling (ROM) technique known as "proper orthogonal decomposition mapping method" that reconstructs temporally resolvedmore »fine-resolution solutions based on coarse-resolution solutions. We developed four different methods and applied them to four study sites in a polygonal tundra landscape near Barrow, Alaska. Coupled surface–subsurface isothermal simulations were performed for summer months (June–September) at fine (0.25 m) and coarse (8 m) horizontal resolutions. We used simulation results from three summer seasons (1998–2000) to build ROMs of the 4-D soil moisture field for the study sites individually (single-site) and aggregated (multi-site). The results indicate that the ROM produced a significant computational speedup (> 103) with very small relative approximation error (« less

  17. A reduced order modeling approach to represent subgrid-scale hydrological dynamics for regional- and climate-scale land-surface simulations: application in a polygonal tundra landscape

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Pau, G. S. H.; Bisht, G.; Riley, W. J.

    2014-04-04

    Existing land surface models (LSMs) describe physical and biological processes that occur over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. For example, biogeochemical and hydrological processes responsible for carbon (CO2, CH4) exchanges with the atmosphere range from molecular scale (pore-scale O2 consumption) to tens of kilometer scale (vegetation distribution, river networks). Additionally, many processes within LSMs are nonlinearly coupled (e.g., methane production and soil moisture dynamics), and therefore simple linear upscaling techniques can result in large prediction error. In this paper we applied a particular reduced-order modeling (ROM) technique known as "Proper Orthogonal Decomposition mapping method" that reconstructs temporally-resolvedmore »fine-resolution solutions based on coarse-resolution solutions. We applied this technique to four study sites in a polygonal tundra landscape near Barrow, Alaska. Coupled surface-subsurface isothermal simulations were performed for summer months (June–September) at fine (0.25 m) and coarse (8 m) horizontal resolutions. We used simulation results from three summer seasons (1998–2000) to build ROMs of the 4-D soil moisture field for the four study sites individually (single-site) and aggregated (multi-site). The results indicate that the ROM produced a significant computational speedup (> 103) with very small relative approximation error (« less

  18. Phylogenetic characterization of the blue lamentous bacterial community from an Icelandic geothermal spring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reysenbach, Anna-Louise

    geothermal spring Cristina Danielle Takacs a , Marissa Ehringer b , Rene¨e Favre c , Michaele Cermola c phylotypes within the Aqui¢cales that were closely related to organisms detected in YNP geothermal springs [7 of the neutral-alkaline geothermal springs in Iceland. These or- ganisms have also been targets for cultivation

  19. Wind Turbine Selection: A case-study for Brfell, Iceland Samuel Perkin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    , Reykjavík University, Iceland Margrét Arnardóttir, Co-Supervisor Project Manager (Wind Power), Landsvirkjun. The model identified an optimum wind turbine design for Búrfell which decreases the Levelized Cost of Energy by 10.4% when compared to the existing E-44 turbines. The power curve of the optimum turbine design

  20. SIMULATION OF THE ICELAND VOLCANIC ERUPTION OF APRIL 2010 USING THE ENSEMBLE SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buckley, R.

    2011-05-10

    The Eyjafjallajokull volcanic eruption in Iceland in April 2010 disrupted transportation in Europe which ultimately affected travel plans for many on a global basis. The Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC) is responsible for providing guidance to the aviation industry of the transport of volcanic ash clouds. There are nine such centers located globally, and the London branch (headed by the United Kingdom Meteorological Office, or UKMet) was responsible for modeling the Iceland volcano. The guidance provided by the VAAC created some controversy due to the burdensome travel restrictions and uncertainty involved in the prediction of ash transport. The Iceland volcanic eruption provides a useful exercise of the European ENSEMBLE program, coordinated by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) in Ispra, Italy. ENSEMBLE, a decision support system for emergency response, uses transport model results from a variety of countries in an effort to better understand the uncertainty involved with a given accident scenario. Model results in the form of airborne concentration and surface deposition are required from each member of the ensemble in a prescribed format that may then be uploaded to a website for manipulation. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) is the lone regular United States participant throughout the 10-year existence of ENSEMBLE. For the Iceland volcano, four separate source term estimates have been provided to ENSEMBLE participants. This paper focuses only on one of those source terms. The SRNL results in relation to other modeling agency results along with useful information obtained using an ensemble of transport results will be discussed.

  1. Iceland as a heat island D. H. Douglass, V. Patel,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglass, David H.

    2004; accepted 30 December 2004; published 12 February 2005. [1] Iceland is a strong localized source] Earth's average surface temperature has been stud- ied extensively over the last 25 years. While of the local geothermal fluxes. This is an unresolved puzzle. 2. Data [4] The data used in our analysis were

  2. The Puzzle of the 1996 Brdarbunga, Iceland, Earthquake: No Volumetric Component in the Source Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    Short Note The Puzzle of the 1996 Bárdarbunga, Iceland, Earthquake: No Volumetric Component, and a statistically insignificant (2%) volumetric (isotropic) con- traction. This indicates the absence of a net volumetric component, which is puzzling in the case of a large volcanic earthquake that apparently

  3. High-resolution data of the Iceland Basin geomagnetic excursion from ODP sites 1063 and 983: Existence of intense flux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niocaill, Conall Mac

    -resolution records of the 185 kyr Iceland Basin (IB) geomagnetic excursion from Ocean Drilling Project (ODP) Site conventional palaeointensity proxies (NRM/ARM and NRM/) to recover relative palaeointensity (RPI) estimates

  4. Land use and land cover change: the effects of woody plant encroachment and prescribed fire on biodiversity and ecosystem carbon dynamics in a southern great plains mixed grass savanna 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollister, Emily Brooke

    2009-05-15

    treatments. Whole community estimates of herbaceous ANPP were obtained by summing individual functional group ANPP values. This approach was used to capture small, but important periods of productivity which might otherwise be masked by functional groups... stream_source_info HOLLISTER-DISSERTATION.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 280672 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name HOLLISTER-DISSERTATION.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 LAND...

  5. Terry Land

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired Solar FuelTechnologyTel: Name: Rm. Tel: Location:TerrachanicsTerry Land

  6. Land Use and Land Cover Change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Daniel; Polsky, Colin; Bolstad, Paul V.; Brody, Samuel D.; Hulse, David; Kroh, Roger; Loveland, Thomas; Thomson, Allison M.

    2014-05-01

    A contribution to the 3rd National Climate Assessment report, discussing the following key messages: 1. Choices about land-use and land-cover patterns have affected and will continue to affect how vulnerable or resilient human communities and ecosystems are to the effects of climate change. 2. Land-use and land-cover changes affect local, regional, and global climate processes. 3. Individuals, organizations, and governments have the capacity to make land-use decisions to adapt to the effects of climate change. 4. Choices about land use and land management provide a means of reducing atmospheric greenhouse gas levels.

  7. New insights into the origin, transport and behavior of noble gases : examples from Monterey Bay, Costa Rica, Iceland, and the Central Indian Ridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fueri, Evelyn

    2010-01-01

    isotope disequilibrium and geochronology of glassy submarineMcDougall I. (1971) Geochronology and evolution of youngMagnetostratigraphy and geochronology of northwest Iceland.

  8. Modeling Land Biogeochemistry Term Spring 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    :30 pm or by appointment Course Description Dynamic land models are widely used as part of Earth system models and serve to represent exchange of energy (heat radiation momentum), water, carbon, and nutrients

  9. Tkalcic, H., D.S. Dreger, G.R. Foulger, B.R. Julian, A. Fichtner, A seismological portrait of the anomalous 1996 Bardarbunga volcano, Iceland, earthquake (invited poster), EOS Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    of the anomalous 1996 Bardarbunga volcano, Iceland, earthquake (invited poster), EOS Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S21B-1710, 2009. A Seismological Portrait of the Anomalous 1996 Bardarbunga Volcano, Iceland was recorded well by the regional-scale Iceland Hotspot Project seismic experiment. Several hypotheses were

  10. This is a draft of the text of a talk given in Iceland in June of 2009. A slightly edited version appears in Dig Where You Stand: Proceedings of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siu, M.K.

    This is a draft of the text of a talk given in Iceland in June of 2009. A slightly edited version of Mathematics Education, Gardabaer, Iceland, June 20-24, 2009, edited by K. Bjarnadottir, F. Furinghetti, G minutes! (The talk was given on Summer Solstice Day of 2009 in Iceland.) The author can only hope to share

  11. The NAO is a large-scale see-saw in atmospheric mass between the subtropical high located near the Azores and the sub-polar low near Iceland. An index can be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Azores and the sub-polar low near Iceland. An index can be derived that tracks the behavior of the NAO is defined as the anomalous pressure difference between the Icelandic Low and the Azores High. The figure at right shows the measured sea level pressure difference between Stykkishomur, Iceland and Lisbon

  12. F A S T -T R A C K P A P E R The seismic anomaly beneath Iceland extends down to the mantle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    of the upper mantle yet performed in Iceland, which reveals details of the morphology, temperature and melt distribution beneath the Iceland hotspot and the adjacent oceanic plate boundaries. T H E T O M O G R A P H Y E in size. Timing was provided by GPS, and the data were downloaded to SUN workstations. We hand

  13. The influence of vegetation on frost dynamics, infiltration rate and surface stability in Icelandic Andisolic rangelands 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orradottir, Berglind

    2002-01-01

    . When snow cover was present soil temperature fluctuations were negligible. Incidence of frost heaving of wooden pegs in sparsely vegetated plant community was 3x greater than that observed in well-vegetated communities. Heaving of willow seedlings...

  14. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 65 ( 1995 ) 119-133 The Hengill geothermal area, Iceland: Variation of temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 65 ( 1995 ) 119-133 The Hengill geothermal area. These conditions are approached at the Hengill geothermal area, S. Iceland, a dominantly basaltic area. The likely measurements from four drill sites within the area indicate average, near-surface geothermal gradients of up

  15. GREEN PROGRAM This summer GREEN is launching a new program in Iceland, the "greenest" country in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    academic credit upon completion of the 10-day program. The GREEN Program enhances your understandingGREEN PROGRAM This summer GREEN is launching a new program in Iceland, the "greenest" country will receive the hands-on experience you need to accelerate your career. The GREEN Program is a short

  16. Analyses of in-situ airborne volcanic ash from the February 2000 eruption of Hekla Volcano, Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Chi

    Analyses of in-situ airborne volcanic ash from the February 2000 eruption of Hekla Volcano, Iceland-8 NASA research aircraft inadvertently flew into an airborne volcanic ash plume from the 26 February spectrophotometer analyses. These analyses confirm that the DC-8 encountered airborne volcanic ash from Hekla

  17. Primitive Land Plants 37 PRIMITIVE LAND PLANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koptur, Suzanne

    appeared at this time. Both of these groups of plants had life cycles, involving two generations. One of the year these mosses will produce tiny sporophytes. Prior to this generation, the tiny plants producedPrimitive Land Plants 37 PRIMITIVE LAND PLANTS These are the plants that were present soon after

  18. An investigation of bentonite-organic complexes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seymour, Keith Goldin

    1954-01-01

    of Icelandic rangelands. Specific objectives were to characterize and quantify soil temperature and frost dynamics, water infiltration, and surface stability in contrasting land cover types. The modulating influence of vegetation on soil temperature...

  19. Environment and energy in Iceland: A comparative analysis of values and impacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thorhallsdottir, Thora Ellen . E-mail: theth@hi.is

    2007-08-15

    Within an Icelandic framework plan for energy, environmental values and impacts were estimated in multicriteria analyses for 19 hydroelectric and 22 geothermal developments. Four natural environment classes were defined (geology + hydrology, species, ecosystems + soils, landscape + wilderness) with cultural heritage as the fifth class. Values and impacts were assessed through 6 agglomerated attributes: richness/diversity, rarity, size/continuity/pristineness, information/symbolic value, international responsibility and visual value. The project offers a unique opportunity for comparing environmental values and impacts within a large sample of sites and energy alternatives treated within a common methodological framework. Total values were higher in hydroelectric than in geothermal areas. Hydroelectric areas scored high for cultural heritage (particularly in rarity and information value), landscape and wilderness. Geothermal areas had high bedrock and hydrological diversity and information values, and a high landscape visual value but little cultural heritage. High values were correlated among some classes of the natural environment, all of which are likely to reflect functional relationships. In contrast, cultural heritage values were not related to natural environment values. Overall, landscape and wilderness had the highest mean value and were also most affected by energy development. Over 40% of the hydroelectric development had a predicted mean impact value of > 4 (out of a maximum of 10), compared with 10% of the geothermal projects. Excluding two outsized hydropower options, there was a significant correlation between plant capacity and impact on geology and hydrology but not with other environmental variables.

  20. Title: Canada Land Inventory: Land Capability for Agriculture Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan Keywords (Subject): Land Use, Soils, Agriculture

  1. Title: Canada Land Inventory: Land Capability for Forestry Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan #12;Keywords (Subject): Land Use, Soils, Vegetation

  2. Future land use plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-31

    The US Department of Energy`s (DOE) changing mission, coupled with the need to apply appropriate cleanup standards for current and future environmental restoration, prompted the need for a process to determine preferred Future Land Uses for DOE-owned sites. DOE began the ``Future Land Use`` initiative in 1994 to ensure that its cleanup efforts reflect the surrounding communities` interests in future land use. This plan presents the results of a study of stakeholder-preferred future land uses for the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), located in central Long Island, New York. The plan gives the Laboratory`s view of its future development over the next 20 years, as well as land uses preferred by the community were BNL ever to cease operations as a national laboratory (the post-BNL scenario). The plan provides an overview of the physical features of the site including its history, topography, geology/hydrogeology, biological inventory, floodplains, wetlands, climate, and atmosphere. Utility systems and current environmental operations are described including waste management, waste water treatment, hazardous waste management, refuse disposal and ground water management. To complement the physical descriptions of the site, demographics are discussed, including overviews of the surrounding areas, laboratory population, and economic and non-economic impacts.

  3. Land-use Leakage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calvin, Katherine V.; Edmonds, James A.; Clarke, Leon E.; Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Kim, Son H.; Wise, Marshall A.; Thomson, Allison M.; Kyle, G. Page

    2009-12-01

    Leakage occurs whenever actions to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in one part of the world unleash countervailing forces elsewhere in the world so that reductions in global emissions are less than emissions mitigation in the mitigating region. While many researchers have examined the concept of industrial leakage, land-use policies can also result in leakage. We show that land-use leakage is potentially as large as or larger than industrial leakage. We identify two potential land-use leakage drivers, land-use policies and bioenergy. We distinguish between these two pathways and run numerical experiments for each. We also show that the land-use policy environment exerts a powerful influence on leakage and that under some policy designs leakage can be negative. International “offsets” are a potential mechanism to communicate emissions mitigation beyond the borders of emissions mitigating regions, but in a stabilization regime designed to limit radiative forcing to 3.7 2/m2, this also implies greater emissions mitigation commitments on the part of mitigating regions.

  4. Energy and land use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-12-01

    This report addresses the land use impacts of past and future energy development and summarizes the major federal and state legislation which influences the potential land use impacts of energy facilities and can thus influence the locations and timing of energy development. In addition, this report describes and presents the data which are used to measure, and in some cases, predict the potential conflicts between energy development and alternative uses of the nation's land resources. The topics section of this report is divided into three parts. The first part describes the myriad of federal, state and local legislation which have a direct or indirect impact upon the use of land for energy development. The second part addresses the potential land use impacts associated with the extraction, conversion and combustion of energy resources, as well as the disposal of wastes generated by these processes. The third part discusses the conflicts that might arise between agriculture and energy development as projected under a number of DOE mid-term (1990) energy supply and demand scenarios.

  5. A framework for benchmarking land models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luo, Yiqi; Randerson, J.; Abramowitz, G.; Bacour, C.; Blyth, E.; Carvalhais, N.; Ciais, Philippe; Dalmonech, D.; Fisher, J.B.; Fisher, R.; Friedlingstein, P.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Hoffman, F. M.; Huntzinger, Deborah; Jones, C.; Koven, C.; Lawrence, David M.; Li, D.J.; Mahecha, M.; Niu, S.L.; Norby, Richard J.; Piao, S.L.; Qi, X.; Peylin, P.; Prentice, I.C.; Riley, William; Reichstein, M.; Schwalm, C.; Wang, Y.; Xia, J. Y.; Zaehle, S.; Zhou, X. H.

    2012-10-09

    Land models, which have been developed by the modeling community in the past few decades to predict future states of ecosystems and climate, have to be critically evaluated for their performance skills of simulating ecosystem responses and feedback to climate change. Benchmarking is an emerging procedure to measure performance of models against a set of defined standards. This paper proposes a benchmarking framework for evaluation of land model performances and, meanwhile, highlights major challenges at this infant stage of benchmark analysis. The framework includes (1) targeted aspects of model performance to be evaluated, (2) a set of benchmarks as defined references to test model performance, (3) metrics to measure and compare performance skills among models so as to identify model strengths and deficiencies, and (4) model improvement. Land models are required to simulate exchange of water, energy, carbon and sometimes other trace gases between the atmosphere and land surface, and should be evaluated for their simulations of biophysical processes, biogeochemical cycles, and vegetation dynamics in response to climate change across broad temporal and spatial scales. Thus, one major challenge is to select and define a limited number of benchmarks to effectively evaluate land model performance. The second challenge is to develop metrics of measuring mismatches between models and benchmarks. The metrics may include (1) a priori thresholds of acceptable model performance and (2) a scoring system to combine data–model mismatches for various processes at different temporal and spatial scales. The benchmark analyses should identify clues of weak model performance to guide future development, thus enabling improved predictions of future states of ecosystems and climate. The near-future research effort should be on development of a set of widely acceptable benchmarks that can be used to objectively, effectively, and reliably evaluate fundamental properties of land models to improve their prediction performance skills.

  6. Finding GIS data: Land cover and land use in Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houser, Rhonda

    2006-12-08

    classes with no key to indicate class descriptions. The student understands how human actions modify the physical environment. The student helps create both a hard copy and digital pie chart that shows relative land cover class areas. The student... helps create a digital pie chart that shows relative land cover class areas. The student helps create a pie chart by hand that shows relative land cover class areas. The student creates e a pie chart by hand that shows relative land cover class...

  7. Issues in using landscape indicators to assess land changes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    Landscape indicators, when combined with information about environmental conditions (such as habitat potential, biodiversity, carbon and nutrient cycling, and erosion) and socioeconomic forces, can provide insights about changing ecosystem services. They also provide information about opportunities for improving natural resources management. Landscape indicators rely on data regarding land cover, land management and land functionality. Challenges in using landscape indicators to assess change and effects include (1) measures of land management and attributes that are reliable, robust and consistent for all areas on the Earth do not exist, and thus land cover is more frequently utilized; (2) multiple types of land cover and management are often found within a single landscape and are constantly changing, which complicates measurement and interpretation; and (3) while causal analysis is essential for understanding and interpreting changes in indicator values, the interactions among multiple causes and effects over time make accurate attribution among many drivers of change particularly difficult. Because of the complexity, sheer number of variables, and limitations of empirical data on land changes, models are often used to illustrate and estimate values for landscape indicators, and those models have several problems. Recommendations to improve our ability to assess the effects of changes in land management include refinement of questions to be more consistent with available information and the development of data sets based on systematic measurement over time of spatially explicit land qualities such as carbon and nutrient stocks, water and soil quality, net primary productivity, habitat and biodiversity. Well-defined and consistent land-classification systems that are capable of tracking changes in these and other qualities that matter to society need to be developed and deployed. Because landscapes are so dynamic, it is crucial to develop ways for the scientific community to work together to collect data and develop tools that will enable better analysis of causes and effects and to develop robust management recommendations that will increases land s capacity to meet societal needs in a changing world.

  8. Stumped by Detroit's Vacant Land Process?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Lucia; Kiani, Naria; O'Brien-Kovari, Lilly; Ordower, Aaron

    2014-01-01

    Stumped by Detroit's Vacant Land Process?Illustrating the Role of the Detroit Land Bank AuthorityLos Angeles STUMPED BY DETROIT’S VACANT LAND PROCESS?

  9. Sandia Energy - Bureau of Land Management

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bureau of Land Management Home Climate & Earth Systems Sustainable Subsurface Energy Development Program Leadership Bureau of Land Management Bureau of Land ManagementMaelyn...

  10. Chennai Urban Land Market Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dowall, David E; Monkkonen, Paavo

    2007-01-01

    for 2003 and 2004 land price data (Tables 13 and 14), adding25 Table 12: Price Gradient Regression Results for35 Table 15: Average Price of Land in Residential Plots and

  11. Aggressive landing maneuvers for unmanned aerial vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bayraktar, Selcuk

    2006-01-01

    VTOL (Vertical Take Off and Landing) vehicle landing is considered to be a critically difficult task for both land, marine, and urban operations. This thesis describes one possible control approach to enable landing of ...

  12. A Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) model for the energy usage and reproduction of the Icelandic capelin (Mallotus villosus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einarsson, Baldvin; Birnir, Bjorn; Sigurðsson, Sven Þ.

    2010-01-01

    work on integrating a bioenergetics model into a spawning2008), who proposed a bioenergetics model to be integratedclosely related to bioenergetics that focuses on molecular

  13. Rich land Operations Office

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100Nationalquestionnaires 0serialIndustrial ConsumptionRibbon The|Rich land

  14. Land Management - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse Bergkamp Graduate studentScienceLaboratory program Labs and Field SiteLand

  15. From land use to land cover: Restoring the afforestation signal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    integrated assessment - earth system model and the implications for CMIP5 RCP simulations Climate projections depend on scenarios of fossil fuel emissions and land use change, and...

  16. Land use politics southern style : the case of cash proffers in Virginia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKay, Shannon Ashley

    2012-01-01

    The linkage between the political dynamics at the state level and actual implementation of land use regulations at the local level is the focus of this dissertation. This focus is explored through the genesis and efficacy ...

  17. Contribution of ocean, fossil fuel, land biosphere, and biomass burning carbon fluxes to seasonal and interannual variability in atmospheric CO 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    Storhofdi Iceland Canary Islands Jubany Antarctica KeyGuam Halley Bay Antarctica Canary Islands Key Biscayne FL

  18. Research priorities in land use and land-cover change for the Earth system and integrated assessment modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hibbard, Kathy; Janetos, Anthony; van Vuuren, Detlef P.; Pongtatz, Julia; Rose, Steven K.; Betts, Richard; Herold, Martin; Feddema, Johannes J.

    2010-01-01

    for integration into ESMs and IAMs. A key application will be for the detection and attribution of historical climate change; previous detection and attribution studies have been unable to include land-cover change credibly in their range of potential drivers... Index time series, fire observations, night-time lights, hot-spot detection, etc.), a new level of data products and information on land dynamics will soon become available for different time periods since about 1990 (Herold et al., 2008b). 4. Moving...

  19. National Land Cover Data National Land Cover Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    _Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data Other_Citation_Details: Classification and processing of the orginal remote sensing (NLCD). The NLCD is a 21-class land cover classification of the entire United States. It is derived from

  20. Land and Facility Use Planning

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1996-07-09

    The Land and Facility Use Planning process provides a way to guide future site development and reuse based on the shared long-term goals and objectives of the Department, site and its stakeholders. Does not cancel other directives.

  1. NASA Cold Land Processes Field Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NASA Cold Land Processes Field Experiment Overview and Preliminary Results NASA Cold Land Processes Field Experiment Overview and Preliminary Results NASA Cold Land ProcessesNASA Cold Land Processes Field properties using active and passive microwave remote sensing. NASA DC-8 Airborne Laboratory with AIRSAR

  2. The Effect of War and Its Aftermath on Land Use and Land Cover in Jinotega, Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeledon, Esther Beatriz

    2010-01-01

    Lughod, D. 2000. Failed Buyout: Land Rights for the ContraLughod, D. 2000. Failed Buyout: Land Rights for the Contra

  3. Coupling Terrestrial and Atmospheric Water Dynamics to Improve Prediction in a Changing Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyon, Steve W.; Dominguez, Francina; Gochis, David J.; Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Castro, Christopher; Chow, Fotini K.; Fan, Ying; Fuka, Daniel; Hong, Yang; Kucera, Paul A.; Nesbitt, Stephen W.; Salzmann, Nadine; Schmidli, Juerg; Snyder, Peter K.; Teuling, Adriaam J.; Twine, Tracy E.; Levis, Samuel; Lundquist, Jessica D.; Salvucci, Guido D.; Sealy, Andrea M.; Walter, M. Todd

    2008-09-01

    Fluxes across the land surface directly influence predictions of ecological processes, atmospheric dynamics, and terrestrial hydrology. However, many simplifications are made in numerical models when considering ...

  4. Civil Engineering & Land Surveying Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviedo, Néstor J.

    Civil Engineering & Land Surveying Services May 6, 2014 COMPANY NAME DATE CONTACT PERSON MAILING ADDRESS PHONE / CELL # 1 Bedrock Engineering 5/6/14 David O. Hartley PO Box 25783 Fresno, CA 93729 559 North Star Engineering Group, Inc. 5/6/14 John Mensonides 620 12th St. Modesto, CA 95354 209-524-3525 4

  5. 2011LandesBioscience. Donotdistribute.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hay, Bruce A.

    fever, malaria, medea, merea, mosquitoes, pink bollworms, population replacement, population sup such as malaria and dengue fever. Advances in insect transgenesis are mak- ing it increasingly feasible Bugs 2:5, 1-6; September/October 2011; © 2011 Landes Bioscience COMMENTARY COMMENTARY Key words: dengue

  6. 2011LandesBioscience. Donotdistribute.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lasalde Dominicc, Jose A. - Department of Biology, Universidad de Puerto Rico

    -12; July/August 2011; © 2011 Landes Bioscience ReseARCh pApeR ReseARCh pApeR Introduction- and open-channel states can be explained by the structural effects caused by the presence of a bending scanning mutagenesis identifies a bending point on the lipid-exposed M3 transmembrane domain of the Torpedo

  7. Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Office of Conservation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resources Office of Conservation and Coastal Lands Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Office of Conservation and Coastal Lands From...

  8. Webtrends Archives by Fiscal Year - Topic Landing Pages | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Landing Pages Webtrends Archives by Fiscal Year - Topic Landing Pages From the EERE Web Statistics Archive: Corporate sites, Webtrends archives for the topic landing pages by...

  9. Pollution on the Federal Lands II: Water Pollution Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glicksman, Robert L.

    1993-01-01

    text. FEDERAL LANDS WATER POLLUTION nonpoint sources. 19at 622. FEDERAL LANDS WATER POLLUTION The third requirement,n.25. FEDERAL LANDS WATER POLLUTION form a nondiscretionary

  10. Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Department - Forest...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Land Protectio Program Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Department - Forest Land Protectio...

  11. A SOAP Web Service for accessing MODIS land product subsets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SanthanaVannan, Suresh K; Cook, Robert B; Pan, Jerry Yun; Wilson, Bruce E

    2011-01-01

    Remote sensing data from satellites have provided valuable information on the state of the earth for several decades. Since March 2000, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor on board NASA s Terra and Aqua satellites have been providing estimates of several land parameters useful in understanding earth system processes at global, continental, and regional scales. However, the HDF-EOS file format, specialized software needed to process the HDF-EOS files, data volume, and the high spatial and temporal resolution of MODIS data make it difficult for users wanting to extract small but valuable amounts of information from the MODIS record. To overcome this usability issue, the NASA-funded Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) for Biogeochemical Dynamics at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) developed a Web service that provides subsets of MODIS land products using Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP). The ORNL DAAC MODIS subsetting Web service is a unique way of serving satellite data that exploits a fairly established and popular Internet protocol to allow users access to massive amounts of remote sensing data. The Web service provides MODIS land product subsets up to 201 x 201 km in a non-proprietary comma delimited text file format. Users can programmatically query the Web service to extract MODIS land parameters for real time data integration into models, decision support tools or connect to workflow software. Information regarding the MODIS SOAP subsetting Web service is available on the World Wide Web (WWW) at http://daac.ornl.gov/modiswebservice.

  12. Land-ocean contrasts under climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrne, Michael P

    2015-01-01

    Observations and climate models show a pronounced land-ocean contrast in the responses of surface temperature and the hydrological cycle to global warming: Land temperatures increase more than ocean temperatures, low-level ...

  13. Addressing land-based discrimination in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    , feudalism was based on ownership of land, the dominant mode of production. Political power was dominated by absolute kings and feudal overlords. Wealth and position in society was derived from the land ownership

  14. Land and Atmospheric Science GRAD STUDENT HANDBOOK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Land and Atmospheric Science GRAD STUDENT HANDBOOK 20142015 WELCOME Welcome to the Graduate Program in Land and Atmospheric Science at the University of Minnesota. It is a sciencebased interdisciplinary program focused on the fundamentals of Earth system processes related

  15. Presented by LandScan Population Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Bhaduri_LandScan_SC10 Kosovo Refugee Crisis 1998 May 25 of Energy Bhaduri_LandScan_SC10 What is LandScan? Population distribution model, database, and tool people are located #12;3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Bhaduri_LandScan_SC10

  16. Marine One Landing Exercise at Argonne

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-03-20

    Marine One and its support helicopters conduct a landing exercise at Argonne prior to the President's visit.

  17. Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Department - Forest Land

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program | Open Energy Information Oregon Department of Land

  18. SPECIES COMPOSITION OF INDUSTRIAL TRAWL LANDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SPECIES COMPOSITION OF INDUSTRIAL TRAWL LANDINGS IN NEW ENGLAND, 1957 Marine Biological Laboratory;#12;ABSTRACT This report presents data on the species composition of the industrial trawl fish catch landed OF TABLES Page Table 1. 1957 landings and number of trips of industrial trawl fish vessels at Pt. Judith

  19. Land-Use Change and Bioenergy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-07-01

    This publication describes the Biomass Program’s efforts to examine the intersection of land-use change and bioenergy production. It describes legislation requiring land-use change assessments, key data and modeling challenges, and the research needs to better assess and understand the impact of bioenergy policy on land-use decisions.

  20. Land Information Systems in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Land Information Systems in Developing Countries: Bibliography Compiled by: Harlan Onsrud Jeff Acknowledgments Articles on land information systems and cadastral systems in developing countries are spread SES 88-10917. #12;1 References Abdul, Majid Bin Mohamed (1984). Proposed Land Information System

  1. FIT-FOR-PURPOSE LAND ADMINISTRATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FIT-FOR-PURPOSE LAND ADMINISTRATION AND THE POST-2015 DEVELOPMENT AGENDA ANNUAL WORLD BANK the coalescence the yardstick 3 #12;Methodology fit-for-purpose land administration urban and rural; it will influence land administration design 2. Fit-for-purpose is happening; but, needs purpose, stages, and future

  2. Monitoring urban land cover change: An expert system approach to land cover classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, Michael

    such as land use data, spatial texture, and digital elevation models (DEMs) to obtain greater classificationMonitoring urban land cover change: An expert system approach to land cover classification with Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data to derive a land cover classification for the semiarid Phoenix

  3. Land capability classification of minesoils in East Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, Amy Kristen

    2002-01-01

    for the post-mine land. A land capability classification specific to minesoils will facilitate the design of appropriate land uses or alternative uses for reclaimed mine areas based on observed limitations. The proposed system is similar to the Land...

  4. Effect of water table dynamics on land surface hydrologic memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Min-Hui; Famiglietti, James S

    2010-01-01

    Theory and observations, Water Resour. Res. , 34, 765–776.and macroscale models of water and energy balance, Ph.D.of capillary flux on the soil water balance in a stochastic

  5. Capacitive microelectromechanical switches with dynamic soft-landing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jain, Ankit; Alam, Muhammad Ashraful; Nair, Pradeep R.

    2015-10-13

    A microelectromechanical system (MEMS)-based electrical switch. The electrical switch includes a moveable electrode, a dielectric layer positioned adjacent the moveable electrode on a first side of the dielectric layer and spaced apart from the moveable electrode when the moveable electrode is in an inactivated position and in contact with the moveable electrode when the moveable electrode is in an activated position, and a substrate attached to the dielectric layer on a second side opposite to the first side, the moveable electrode is configured to brake prior to coming in contact with the dielectric layer when the moveable electrode is switched between the inactivated state and the activated state.

  6. Wind Development on Tribal Lands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ken Haukaas; Dale Osborn; Belvin Pete

    2008-01-18

    Background: The Rosebud Sioux Tribe (RST) is located in south central South Dakota near the Nebraska border. The nearest community of size is Valentine, Nebraska. The RST is a recipient of several Department of Energy grants, written by Distributed Generation Systems, Inc. (Disgen), for the purposes of assessing the feasibility of its wind resource and subsequently to fund the development of the project. Disgen, as the contracting entity to the RST for this project, has completed all the pre-construction activities, with the exception of the power purchase agreement and interconnection agreement, to commence financing and construction of the project. The focus of this financing is to maximize the economic benefits to the RST while achieving commercially reasonable rates of return and fees for the other parties involved. Each of the development activities required and its status is discussed below. Land Resource: The Owl Feather War Bonnet 30 MW Wind Project is located on RST Tribal Trust Land of approximately 680 acres adjacent to the community of St. Francis, South Dakota. The RST Tribal Council has voted on several occasions for the development of this land for wind energy purposes, as has the District of St. Francis. Actual footprint of wind farm will be approx. 50 acres. Wind Resource Assessment: The wind data has been collected from the site since May 1, 2001 and continues to be collected and analyzed. The latest projections indicate a net capacity factor of 42% at a hub height of 80 meters. The data has been collected utilizing an NRG 9300 Data logger System with instrumentation installed at 30, 40 and 65 meters on an existing KINI radio tower. The long-term annual average wind speed at 65-meters above ground level is 18.2 mph (8.1 mps) and 18.7 mph (8.4 mps) at 80-meters agl. The wind resource is excellent and supports project financing.

  7. POPULATION, MULTI-SCALE PROCESSES, AND LAND USE TRANSITIONSIN WilliamKY Pan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    POPULATION, MULTI-SCALE PROCESSES, AND LAND USE TRANSITIONSIN THE AMAZON WilliamKY Pan DavidL. Carr focusedon anddebatedthe drivers of LUCC, such as the influence of population dynamics (Carr et al 2006; Allen andBarnes 1985; Barbieri andCarr 2005; Mather andNeedle 2000; Pan et al. 2007; Armenterasaet al

  8. Mesoscale energetics and ows induced by sea-land and mountain-valley contrasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Mesoscale energetics and ¯ows induced by sea-land and mountain-valley contrasts S. Federico1 , G. A in determining the development of thermally forced mesoscale circula- tions (TFMCs) over a mountainous peninsula dynamics (climatology; mesoscale meteorology) 1 Introduction In the early hours of the morning the sun

  9. A multilevel analysis of effects of land use policy on land-cover change and local land use decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

    2014 Available online Keywords: Desertification Household Multi-scale drivers Multilevel statistical (Reynolds et al., 2007). Land degradation, which is often referred to as desertification in drylands (Dregne

  10. A framework for benchmarking land models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    processes (exchanges of water and energy) and biogeochemicalsimulation of the water and energy balance (Pitman, 2003).models. Exchange of water and energy between land sur- face

  11. DEPARTMENT OF LAND RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    of invasive plant species, soil nutrient management, bioremediation, land reclamation ecology of natural systems, chemical fate and transport, water quality, crop

  12. Bureau of Land Management - Final Programmatic Environmental...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bureau of Land Management - Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Geothermal Leasing in the Western United States Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

  13. Renewable Energy Development on Tribal Lands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2006-10-01

    Brochure describes the Tribal Energy Program, which provides American Indian tribes with financial and technical assistance for developing renewable energy projects on tribal land.

  14. Renewable Energy Development on Tribal Lands (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-01-18

    Brochure describes the Tribal Energy Program, which provides American Indian tribes with financial and technical assistance for developing renewable energy projects on tribal land.

  15. Navajo Hopi Land Commission Office (NHLCO): Navajo Hopi Land Commission Office (NHLCO)- 2012 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Navajo Hopi Land Commission (NHLCO), together with its partners, will conduct a feasibility study (FS) of a program to develop renewable energy on the Paragon-Bisti ranch lands in northwestern New Mexico, which were set aside under the Navajo-Hopi Land Settlement Act for the benefit of relocatees (defined as Navajo families living on Hopi Partitioned Lands as of December 22, 1974).

  16. Land Tenure and Land Administration Issues in Guatemala Danielle Kelly Donovan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Onsrud, Harlan J.

    Land Tenure and Land Administration Issues in Guatemala Danielle Kelly Donovan danielle.donovan@spatial.maine.edu May 2002 1. Abstract The evolution of land tenure in Guatemala is a mix of the native Mayan implementation stage, when the CIA began "Operation Success". The operation sent mercenaries into Guatemala

  17. Interaction effects of climate and land use/land cover change on soil organic carbon sequestration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grunwald, Sabine

    Interaction effects of climate and land use/land cover change on soil organic carbon sequestration carbon sequestration Climate change Soil carbon change Historically, Florida soils stored the largest in Florida (FL) have acted as a sink for carbon (C) over the last 40 years. · Climate interacting with land

  18. TS 10 Developing Land Administration Systems Paul van der Molen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TS 10 ­ Developing Land Administration Systems Paul van der Molen TS10.5 Some Microeconomic Aspects Microeconomic Aspects of Land Ownership Paul VAN DER MOLEN, The Netherlands Key words: land administration, microeconomics, institutions, property rights, transaction costs, land markets SUMMARY Land administration ('the

  19. Land Use Planning (3cr.) Spring 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Gregory G.

    , as well as the use of geographic information systems. The environmental approach to land use planning, ENV 2011. Students should also have taken ENV 2010, Geographic Information Systems, or alternatively information system · The ability to do a land suitability analysis Class expectations: This class is designed

  20. LAND USE AND WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;LAND USE AND WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN THE BRIDGE CREEK BASIN Prepared for: Water Quality Branch Environmental Protection Dept. BC Environment Victoria, B.C. and Fraser Pollution Abatement Office ..................................................... WATER QUALITY OF UNDISTURBED AREAS ....................... LAND USE EFFECTS ON WATER QUALITY

  1. Oak Ridge reservation land-use plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bibb, W. R.; Hardin, T. H.; Hawkins, C. C.; Johnson, W. A.; Peitzsch, F. C.; Scott, T. H.; Theisen, M. R.; Tuck, S. C.

    1980-03-01

    This study establishes a basis for long-range land-use planning to accommodate both present and projected DOE program requirements in Oak Ridge. In addition to technological requirements, this land-use plan incorporates in-depth ecological concepts that recognize multiple uses of land as a viable option. Neither environmental research nor technological operations need to be mutually exclusive in all instances. Unique biological areas, as well as rare and endangered species, need to be protected, and human and environmental health and safety must be maintained. The plan is based on the concept that the primary use of DOE land resources must be to implement the overall DOE mission in Oak Ridge. This document, along with the base map and overlay maps, provides a reasonably detailed description of the DOE Oak Ridge land resources and of the current and potential uses of the land. A description of the land characteristics, including geomorphology, agricultural productivity and soils, water courses, vegetation, and terrestrial and aquatic animal habitats, is presented to serve as a resource document. Essentially all DOE land in the Oak Ridge area is being fully used for ongoing DOE programs or has been set aside as protected areas.

  2. The Resurgence of Land Reform Policy and Agrarian Movements in Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rachman, Noer Fauzi

    2011-01-01

    2006. Tafsir(an) Land Reform dalam Alur Sejarah Indonesia:Bibingka Strategy in Land Reform Implementation: Autonomous2006a. “Redistributive Land Reform in ‘Public (Forest) Land?

  3. NUMERICAL MODEL FOR LAND SUBSIDENCE IN SHALLOW GROUNDWATER SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasimhan, T.N.

    2010-01-01

    and R. L. Klausing, 1969, Land subsidence due to groundwater7612-10874 Fig. S. Land subsidence at Pixley, California:Symposium on Land Subsidence, Anaheim, CA, December 10-

  4. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Land Management Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-01

    To reflect the requirement of section 4 of the Wastes Isolation Pilot Plant Land Withdrawal Act (the Act) (Public Law 102-579), this land management plan has been written for the withdrawal area consistent with the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976. The objective of this document, per the Act, is to describe the plan for the use of the withdrawn land until the end of the decommissioning phase. The plan identifies resource values within the withdrawal area and promotes the concept of multiple-use management. The plan also provides opportunity for participation in the land use planning process by the public and local, State, and Federal agencies. Chapter 1, Introduction, provides the reader with the purpose of this land management plan as well as an overview of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Chapter 2, Affected Environment, is a brief description of the existing resources within the withdrawal area. Chapter 3, Management Objectives and Planned Actions, describes the land management objectives and actions taken to accomplish these objectives.

  5. EA-2000: Proposed Land Transfer to Develop a General Aviation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2000: Proposed Land Transfer to Develop a General Aviation Airport at the East Tennessee Technology Park Heritage Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee EA-2000: Proposed Land Transfer to...

  6. Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Historic Preservation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Historic...

  7. Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Division of Forestry...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Division of Forestry and Wildlife Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Division of...

  8. Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Commission on...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Commission on Water Resource Management Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Commission...

  9. Clean Cities: Land of Sky Clean Vehicles coalition (Western North...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Land of Sky Clean Vehicles Coalition (Western North Carolina) The Land of Sky Clean Vehicles coalition (Western North Carolina) works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community...

  10. Land Acquisition Prepared by: Ben Floyd, Economic & Engineering Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Land Acquisition Prepared by: Ben Floyd, Economic & Engineering Services May 2004 Introduction Land economy. This may also require that existing agricultural producers need to travel farther

  11. Land Transport Sector in Bangladesh: An Analysis Toward Motivating...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Land Transport Sector in Bangladesh: An Analysis Toward Motivating GHG Emission Reduction Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Name Land Transport Sector in Bangladesh: An...

  12. Sustainable Land Management Through Market-Oriented Commodity...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sustainable Land Management Through Market-Oriented Commodity Development: Case studies from Ethiopia Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Sustainable Land...

  13. The Public Lands Commission of 1879 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odom, Danna Evelyn

    1971-01-01

    primary sources for a study of' the Public Lands Commission of i879 are the 2 1 ' rl ~Rt (46 Cong. , 2 . , Ron Rxee tt Document 06), and Thomas Donaldson's The Public Domain. Important background material for the formation of the commission... is provided. by A Letter from the ~Actin Presi- 6* t 8 th Nt' 1~Ad. f S ' ~7?'tt' sess. , House Miscellaneous Document 5), and by the ~Re ort on the Lands of the Arid ~Re ion of the United. States with a Kore Detailecl Account of the Lands of Utah, by John...

  14. Making land fly : the institutionalization of China's land quota markets and its implications for urbanization, property rights, and intergovernmental politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Yuan, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation investigates China's land quota markets, a recent land policy innovation that virtually transfers urbanization permission from the countryside to cities. To circumvent national government's quota restrictions ...

  15. Dynamics of Protein Hydration Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Wolf; S. Emmert; R. Gulich; P. Lunkenheimer; A. Loidl

    2014-12-08

    We present the frequency- and temperature-dependent dielectric properties of lysozyme solutions in a broad concentration regime, measured at subzero temperatures and compare the results with measurements above the freezing point of water and on hydrated lysozyme powder. Our experiments allow examining the dynamics of unfreezable hydration water in a broad temperature range including the so-called No Man's Land (160 - 235 K). The obtained results prove the bimodality of the hydration shell dynamics and are discussed in the context of the highly-debated fragile-to-strong transition of water.

  16. Land system architecture: Using land systems to adapt and mitigate global environmental change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turner, B.L.; Janetos, Anthony C.; Verbug, Peter H.; Murray, Alan T.

    2013-04-01

    Land systems (mosaics of land use and cover) are human environment systems, the changes in which drive and respond to local to global environmental changes, climate to macro-economy (Foley et al., 2005). Changes in land systems have been the principal proximate cause in the loss of habitats and biota globally, long contributed to atmospheric greenhouse gases, and hypothesized to have triggered climate changes in the early Holocene (Ruddiman, 2003). Land use, foremost agriculture, is the largest source of biologically active nitrogen to the atmosphere, critical to sources and sinks of carbon, and a major component in the hydrologic cycle (e.g., Bouwman et al., 2011). Changes in land systems also affect regional climate (Feddema et al., 2005; Pielke, 2005), ecosystem functions, and the array of ecosystem services they provide. Land systems, therefore, are a central feature of how humankind manages its relationship with nature-intended or not, or whether this relationship proceeds sustainably or not.

  17. 2015 Tribal Lands and Environment Forum

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals (ITEP) are hosting the annual Tribal Lands and Environment Forum. The four-day forum will feature special trainings, field trips, and breakout sessions focused on tribal water programs.

  18. 2015 Tribal Lands and Environment Forum

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals (ITEP) are hosting the annual Tribal Lands and Environment Forum. The four-day forum will feature special trainings, field trips, and breakout...

  19. A framework for benchmarking land models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    their inclu- sion in Earth system models (ESMs). State-of-land models cou- pled to Earth system models should simulateland models within Earth system models, however, can help

  20. Northeast Regional Land Cover Change Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . To learn more about the C-CAP data products used in this report and to access the data sets, please visit% of the total land area. The region has significant coastal-dependent industries, including tourism

  1. Biomass Energy and Competition for Land

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reilly, John

    We describe an approach for incorporating biomass energy production and competition for land into the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy, ...

  2. Paul van der Molen Good Administration of Land in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul van der Molen Good Administration of Land in Europe UN, FIG, PC IDEA Inter-regional Special 2004 1/14 Good Administration of Land in Europe Paul van der MOLEN, The Netherlands Keywords: land administration, spatial data infrastructures, land policy, Europe ABSTRACT Europe's history resulted in a variety

  3. Global Climate Change,Global Climate Change, Land Cover Change, andLand Cover Change, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Global Climate Change,Global Climate Change, Land Cover Change, andLand Cover Change, and HydrologyHydrology Steven Fassnacht Watershed Science Colorado State University The Importance of Climate · Climate affects the environment and us ­ Ecology: vegetation and animals ­ Water Systems ­ People

  4. Carbon Density and Anthropogenic Land Use Influences on Net Land-Use Change Emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Steven J.; Rothwell, Andrew J.

    2013-10-08

    We examine historical and future land-use emissions using a simple mechanistic carbon-cycle model with regional and ecosystem specific parameterizations. Our central estimate of net terrestrial land-use change emissions, exclusive of climate feedbacks, is 250 GtC over the last three hundred years. This estimate is most sensitive to assumptions for preindustrial forest and soil carbon densities. We also find that estimates are sensitive to the treatment of crop and pasture lands. These sensitivities also translate into differences in future terrestrial uptake in the RCP4.5 land-use scenario. This estimate of future uptake is lower than the native values from the GCAM integrated assessment model result due to lower net reforestation in the RCP4.5 gridded land-use data product

  5. Results from KamLAND-Zen

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Asakura, K.; Gando, A.; Gando, Y.; Hachiya, T.; Hayashida, S.; Ikeda, H.; Inoue, K.; Ishidoshiro, K.; Ishikawa, T.; Ishio, S.; et al

    2015-07-15

    KamLAND-Zen reports on a preliminary search for neutrinoless double-beta decay with 136Xe based on 114.8 live-days after the purification of the xenon loaded liquid scintillator. In this data, the problematic 110mAg background peak identified in previous searches is reduced by more than a factor of 10. By combining the KamLAND-Zen pre- and post-purification data, we obtain a preliminary lower limit on the 0??? decay half-life of T0?1/2 > 2.6×1025 yr at 90% C.L. The search sensitivity will be enhanced with additional low background data after the purification. As a result, prospects for further improvements with future KamLAND-Zen upgrades are alsomore »presented.« less

  6. Sandia Energy - Scattering Dynamics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scattering Dynamics Home Transportation Energy Predictive Simulation of Engines Combustion Chemistry Chemical Dynamics Scattering Dynamics Scattering DynamicsAshley...

  7. Remediation and management of degraded lands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong, M.H.; Wong, J.W.C.; Baker, A.J.M. [eds.

    1999-11-01

    This book presents the program of the first International Conference on the Remediation and Management of Degraded lands. The book has three sections: mine management and rehabilitation, the management of derelict lands, and soil contamination and reclamation. The 34 chapters present a proactive, solution based approach to the rehabilitation of natural resources. Topics of discussions include the following: the multidisciplinary approach practiced by the Australian Center for Minesite Rehabilitation Research; the relationship between biofuel harvesting and Hong Kong`s continuing upland degradation; and experiments with the effectiveness of EDTA/HCI to remove contaminants from soil.

  8. Recent Trends in Land Tenure in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motheral, Joe

    1944-01-01

    IN TEXAS JOE MOTHERAL Division of Farm and Ranch Economics [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] Public interest in the subject of land tenure has been height- ened by the swift changes, in the tenure pattern of the Southwest during the last decade.... In Texas, Common methods of renting farm land such as the "third-and-fourth" system, which is adapted to the growing of annual cash crops, proved to be inadequate in numerous instances where cotton acreage was reduced and a live- stock program...

  9. Ecological perspectives of land use history: The Arid Lands Ecology (ALE) Reserve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hinds, N R; Rogers, L E

    1991-07-01

    The objective of this study was to gather information on the land use history of the Arid Land Ecology (ALE) Reserve so that current ecological research could be placed within a historical perspective. The data were gathered in the early 1980s by interviewing former users of the land and from previously published research (where available). Interviews with former land users of the ALE Reserve in Benton County, Washington, revealed that major land uses from 1880 to 1940 were homesteading, grazing, oil/gas production, and road building. Land use practices associated with grazing and homesteading have left the greatest impact on the landscape. Disturbed sites where succession is characterized by non-native species, plots where sagebrush was railed away, and sheep trails are major indications today of past land uses. Recent estimates of annual bunchgrass production do ALE do not support the widespread belief that bunchgrass were more productive during the homesteading era, though the invasion of cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum), Jim Hill mustard (Sisymbrium altissium), and other European alien plant species has altered pre-settlement succession patterns. 15 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  10. Climate Effects of Global Land Cover Change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibbard, S G; Caldeira, K; Bala, G; Phillips, T; Wickett, M

    2005-08-24

    There are two competing effects of global land cover change on climate: an albedo effect which leads to heating when changing from grass/croplands to forest, and an evapotranspiration effect which tends to produce cooling. It is not clear which effect would dominate in a global land cover change scenario. We have performed coupled land/ocean/atmosphere simulations of global land cover change using the NCAR CAM3 atmospheric general circulation model. We find that replacement of current vegetation by trees on a global basis would lead to a global annual mean warming of 1.6 C, nearly 75% of the warming produced under a doubled CO{sub 2} concentration, while global replacement by grasslands would result in a cooling of 0.4 C. These results suggest that more research is necessary before forest carbon storage should be deployed as a mitigation strategy for global warming. In particular, high latitude forests probably have a net warming effect on the Earth's climate.

  11. THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. Paterson's Land.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    . Page 9. Internal Access. Page 13. Reception. Page 14. Lift. Page 14. Platform Lifts. Page 15. Stairs staff, students, visitors and contractors. The main Holyrood Campus car park is located off St John Street, to the rear of Paterson's Land (see location map). This is a one way car park which is accessed

  12. State Agency Land Leases Prepared for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Energy Reliability Under Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-06NT42847 Hawai`i Distributed Energy Resource: This material is based upon work supported by the United States Department of Energy under Cooperative AgreementState Agency Land Leases Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery

  13. Accuracy Requirements for Rural Land Parcel Boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    Accuracy Requirements for Rural Land Parcel Boundaries Kristin M. Stock School of Planning accuracy of about +/-0.2m. Utilities companies and local authorities in rural areas have more relaxed of Planning, Landscape Architecture and Surveying at Queensland University of Technology, and the Geodetic

  14. Bureau of Land Management Oil Shale Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    Bureau of Land Management Oil Shale Development Unconventional Fuels Conference University of Utah May 17, 2011 #12;#12;Domestic Oil Shale Resources Primary oil shale resources in the U.S. are in the Green River Formation in Wyoming, Utah, and Colorado. 72 % of this oil shale resource is on Federal

  15. Arid Lands Ecology Facility management plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1993-02-01

    The Arid Lands Ecology (ALE) facility is a 312-sq-km tract of land that lies on the western side of the Hanford Site in southcentral Washington. The US Atomic Energy Commission officially set aside this land area in 1967 to preserve shrub-steppe habitat and vegetation. The ALE facility is managed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the US Department of Energy (DOE) for ecological research and education purposes. In 1971, the ALE facility was designated the Rattlesnake Hills Research Natural Area (RNA) as a result of an interagency federal cooperative agreement, and remains the largest RNA in Washington. it is also one of the few remaining large tracts of shrub-steppe vegetation in the state retaining a predominant preeuropean settlement character. This management plan provides policy and implementation methods for management of the ALE facilities consistent with both US Department of Energy Headquarters and the Richland Field Office decision (US Congress 1977) to designate and manage ALE lands as an RNA and as a component of the DOE National Environmental Research Park System.

  16. INTERAGENCY REPORT APOLLO 17 LANDING SITE GEOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    INTERAGENCY REPORT APOLLO 17 LANDING SITE GEOLOGY UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GEOLOGICAL SURVEY ASTROGEOLOGY #73 JUNE 1975 Prepared under NASA Contract T-5874A and W13,130 NATIONAL STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INTERAGENCY REPORT: ASTROGEOLOGY 73 Part I

  17. Influenza A Virus Infections in Land

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    Influenza A Virus Infections in Land Birds, People's Republic of China A. Townsend Peterson, Sarah for avian in- fluenza viruses. We examined this assumption by sampling and real-time reverse transcription migratory species. Surveillance programs for monitoring spread of these viruses need to be redesigned. Avian

  18. Land Use Baseline Report Savannah River Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noah, J.C.

    1995-06-29

    This document is to serve as a resource for Savannah River Site managers, planners, and SRS stakeholders by providing a general description of the site and land-use factors important to future use decisions and plans. The intent of this document is to be comprehensive in its review of SRS and the surrounding area.

  19. Modification ofregional groundwater regimes by land reclamation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiao, Jiu Jimmy

    Modification ofregional groundwater regimes by land reclamation Jiu Jimmy Jiao Department of groundwater regime, in tum causing similar problems. This paper represents the first attempt to address the impact ofreclamation on groundwater regimes. It will be demonstrated that large-scale of reclamation

  20. Land Condition -Trend Analysis Data Dictionary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and wildlife resources to characterize an installation's natural resources in a cost- and time-effective manner (USACERL) developed the Land Condition Trend Analysis (LCTA) program to meet the need for natural resources of natural resources data collection, analysis, and reporting designed to meet multiple goals and objectives

  1. Soil erosion and conservation as affcted by land use and land tenure, El Pital Watershed, Nicaragua 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Somarriba-Chang, Matilde de los Angeles

    1997-01-01

    . This trend is associated with increased fragmentation of farms associated with the agrarian reform activities of the 1980's, during which many of the large land-holdings were confiscated and redistributed to many peasant families. Also the increasing...

  2. November 2009 Land-Use/Land Cover Transitions in Delaware, 2002-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    of Agriculture & Natural Resources University of Delaware Newark, DE 19717 Abstract: This report quantifies land are distributed as GIS shapefiles from the Office of Statewide Planning Coordination website at http://stateplanning.delaware.gov/info

  3. Land Use and Wildfire: A Review of Local Interactions and Teleconnections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Maggi

    2015-01-01

    to coordinate land change and fire management across largeof land use change and fire management—Such as land useland use change through fire management. Often, increased

  4. Symposium Essay: The Energy-Land Use Nexus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Outka, Uma

    2012-01-01

    This Symposium Essay explores the contours of the 'energy-land use nexus' – the rich set of interrelationships between land use and energy production and consumption. This underexplored nexus encapsulates barriers and opportunities as the trajectory...

  5. Land Snail Ecology and Biogeography of Eastern Maine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nekola, Jeffrey C.

    Land Snail Ecology and Biogeography of Eastern Maine Vertigo bollesiana Vertigo nylanderi Vertigo & Invertebrate Group Maine Department of Inland Fisheries & Wildlife and the Aroostook Hills and Lowlands ......................................................................................................... 75 Appendix I: Taxonomic Key for Maine Land Snails ............................................... 78

  6. Energy Department Releases New Land-Based/Offshore Wind Resource...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Releases New Land-BasedOffshore Wind Resource Map Energy Department Releases New Land-BasedOffshore Wind Resource Map May 1, 2012 - 2:23pm Addthis This is an excerpt from the...

  7. Spectral behavior of the coupled land-atmosphere system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gentine, Pierre

    2010-01-01

    The main objective of this thesis is to understand the daily cycle of the energy coupling between the land and the atmosphere in response to a forcing of incoming radiation at their common boundary, the land surface. This ...

  8. Geothermal Power Plants — Minimizing Land Use and Impact

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For energy production and development, geothermal power plants don't use much land compared to coal and nuclear power plants. And the environmental impact upon the land they use is minimal.

  9. Relative efficiency of land surface energy balance components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateni, S. M.

    [1] The partitioning of available energy into dissipative fluxes over land surfaces is dependent on the state variable of the surface energy balance (land surface temperature) and the state variable of the surface water ...

  10. Title 16 USC 818 Public Lands Included in Project - Reservation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Lands From Entry Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Title 16 USC 818 Public Lands Included in Project...

  11. Regulatory Impacts for Renewable Energy Projects on Indian Lands...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Regulatory Impacts for Renewable Energy Projects on Indian Lands Webinar Regulatory Impacts for Renewable Energy Projects on Indian Lands Webinar June 24, 2015 11:00AM to 12:30PM...

  12. Grout treatment facility land disposal restriction management plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendrickson, D.W.

    1991-04-04

    This document establishes management plans directed to result in the land disposal of grouted wastes at the Hanford Grout Facilities in compliance with Federal, State of Washington, and Department of Energy land disposal restrictions. 9 refs., 1 fig.

  13. Bureau of Land Management - Techniques for Documenting a No Action...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bureau of Land Management - Techniques for Documenting a No Action Alternative in an EA Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Bureau of Land...

  14. Conditions and effectiveness of land use as a mobility tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Ming, 1963 Apr. 22-

    2002-01-01

    This dissertation examines the potential of land use as a mobility tool to affect travel, a subject of long and ongoing policy debate. Land use strategies such as densification, mixed-use development, and non-driving-oriented ...

  15. Precipitation, Recycling, and Land Memory: An Integrated Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dirmeyer, Paul A.

    A synthesis of several approaches to quantifying land–atmosphere interactions is presented. These approaches use data from observations or atmospheric reanalyses applied to atmospheric tracer models and stand-alone land ...

  16. Aircraft Landing Gear Thermo-Tribomechanical Model and Sensitivity Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aircraft Landing Gear Thermo-Tribomechanical Model and Sensitivity Study Laurent Heirendt and Hugh-tribomechanical response of an aircraft landing gear shock absorber is presented. Structural damage has been reported sources and sinks in the landing gear shock absorber is developed. The thermo-tribomechanical model

  17. Towards vision-based safe landing for an autonomous helicopter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukhatme, Gaurav S.

    Towards vision-based safe landing for an autonomous helicopter Pedro J. Garcia-Pardoa;, Gaurav S from real test ights on a helicopter testbed demonstrate the robustness of the approach under widely di-performance embedded com- puters. Key words: autonomous helicopter, vision-based landing, safe landing, contrast

  18. Montana State University 1 M.S. in Land Rehabilitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 M.S. in Land Rehabilitation Course work in land rehabilitation is designed to serve students new to the rehabilitation field, as well as to experienced individuals or those already working in land rehabilitation or restoration ecology and who desire further education

  19. PETROLEUM LAND MANAGEMENT (PLMA) Bachelor of Commerce Degree

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    PETROLEUM LAND MANAGEMENT (PLMA) Bachelor of Commerce Degree The Haskayne School of Business offers a Bachelor of commerce degree with a concentration in Petroleum Land Management that prepares graduates average, and other documentation. Two third-year courses, PLMA 475 (Introduction to Petroleum Land

  20. Bioenergy and land-use competition in Northeast Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bioenergy and land-use competition in Northeast Brazil Christian Azar Department of Physical of Brazil on "good" versus "bad" lands is investigated. It is shown that the value of the higher yields) lands. The focus of the analysis is on the Northeast of Brazil (NE), where the prospects for dedicated

  1. AUTOMATED LANDING SITE EVALUATION FOR SEMI-AUTONOMOUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kochersberger, Kevin

    AUTOMATED LANDING SITE EVALUATION FOR SEMI-AUTONOMOUS UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES Dylan Klomparens for a vertical-takeoff-and- landing (VTOL) semi-autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) from point cloud data Evaluation © 2008, Dylan Klomparens #12;AUTOMATED LANDING SITE EVALUATION FOR SEMI-AUTONOMOUS UNMANNED AERIAL

  2. Tuesday, March 14, 2006 POSTER SESSION I: PHOENIX LANDING SITE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Tuesday, March 14, 2006 POSTER SESSION I: PHOENIX LANDING SITE 7:00 p.m. Fitness Center Guinn J. The Engineering Behind Mars Exploration Program 2007 Phoenix Mission Landing Site Selection [#2051] This abstract Characterization of the 2007 Phoenix Mission Landing Sites in the Northern Plains of Mars [#2166] Geomorphology

  3. Tuesday, March 14, 2006 SPECIAL SESSION: PHOENIX LANDING SITE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Tuesday, March 14, 2006 SPECIAL SESSION: PHOENIX LANDING SITE 5:30 p.m. Marina Plaza Ballroom of the Phoenix Mission Landing Site [#1910] The Phoenix mission will study the subsurface ice discovered in 2002 L. Tyler D. Overview of Mars Exploration Program 2007 Phoenix Mission Landing Site Selection [#1328

  4. Project Reports for Navajo Hopi Land Commission Office (NHLCO): Navajo Hopi Land Commission Office (NHLCO)- 2012 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Navajo Hopi Land Commission (NHLCO), together with its partners, will conduct a feasibility study (FS) of a program to develop renewable energy on the Paragon-Bisti ranch lands in northwestern New Mexico, which were set aside under the Navajo-Hopi Land Settlement Act for the benefit of relocatees (defined as Navajo families living on Hopi Partitioned Lands as of December 22, 1974).

  5. Spatial Scaling of Land Cover Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    Spatial networks of land cover are well-described by power law rank-size distributions. Continuous field proxies for human settlements, agriculture and forest cover have similar spatial scaling properties spanning 4 to 5 orders of magnitude. Progressive segmentation of these continuous fields yields spatial networks with rank-size distributions having slopes near -1 for a wide range of thresholds. We consider a general explanation for this scaling that does not require different processes for each type of land cover. The same conditions that give rise to scale-free networks in general can produce power law distributions of component sizes for bounded spatial networks confined to a plane or surface. Progressive segmentation of a continuous field naturally results in growth of the network while the increasing perimeters of the growing components result in preferential attachment to the larger components with the longer perimeters. Progressive segmentation of two types of random continuous field results in progr...

  6. Impacts of Land-use Changes on Biofuels ORNL History of Exploring Changes in Land Use in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Impacts of Land-use Changes on Biofuels ORNL History of Exploring Changes in Land Use in the United. Building from their work on environmental costs and benefits associated with biofuel production, ORNL positively impact the sustainability of the biofuels industry. Building understanding of land-use change from

  7. NEEC RESEARCH: GPS-DENIED LANDING OF UAVS ON SHIPS 1 NEEC Research: Toward GPS-denied Landing of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    . The UAV estimates its relative-pose to the landing platform through observations of fiducial markers detections, estimated poses of the UAV and landing platform, and an embedded stream of the UAV's onboard-build-test project focused on the development of a fully autonomous system for landing Navy unmanned aerial vehicles

  8. State Land Commission FAQ | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jumpand Maintenance Geothermal Project | OpenStateLand

  9. Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) program overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-04-01

    The Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) enacted in 1984 required the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to evaluate all listed and characteristic hazardous wastes according to a strict schedule and to develop requirements by which disposal of these wastes would be protective of human health and the environment. The implementing regulations for accomplishing this statutory requirement are established within the Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) program. The LDR regulations (40 CFR Part 268) impose significant requirements on waste management operations and environmental restoration activities at DOE sites. For hazardous wastes restricted by statute from land disposal, EPA is required to set levels or methods of treatment that substantially reduce the waste`s toxicity or the likelihood that the waste`s hazardous constituents will migrate. Upon the specified LDR effective dates, restricted wastes that do not meet treatment standards are prohibited from land disposal unless they qualify for certain variances or exemptions. This document provides an overview of the LDR Program.

  10. Structural analysis of three global land models on carbon cycle simulations using a traceability framework

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rafique, R.; Xia, J.; Hararuk, O.; Luo, Y.

    2014-06-27

    Modeled carbon (C) storage capacity is largely determined by the C residence time and net primary productivity (NPP). Extensive research has been done on NPP dynamics but the residence time and their relationships with C storage are much less studied. In this study, we implemented a traceability analysis to understand the modeled C storage and residence time in three land surface models: CSIRO's Atmosphere Biosphere Land Exchange (CABLE) with 9 C pools, Community Land Model (version 3.5) combined with Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach (CLM3.5-CASA) with 12 C pools and Community Land Model (version 4) (CLM4) with 26 C pools. The globally averagedmore »C storage and residence time was computed at both individual pool and total ecosystem levels. The spatial distribution of total ecosystem C storage and residence time differ greatly among the three models. The CABLE model showed a closer agreement with measured C storage and residence time in plant and soil pools than CLM3.5-CASA and CLM4. However, CLM3.5-CASA and CLM4 were close to each other in modeled C storage but not with measured data. CABLE stores more C in root whereas CLM3.5-CASA and CLM4 store more C in woody pools, partly due to differential NPP allocation in respective pools. The C residence time in individual C pools is greatly different among models, largely because of different transfer coefficient values among pools. CABLE had higher bulk residence time for soil C pools than the other two models. Overall, the traceability analysis used in this study can help fully characterizes the behavior of complex land models.« less

  11. On the connection between continental-scale land surface processes and the tropical climate in a coupled ocean-atmosphere-land system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Hsi-Yen; Mechoso, C. R.; Xue, Yongkang; Xiao, Heng; Neelin, David; Ji, Xuan

    2013-11-15

    The impact of global tropical climate to perturbations in land surface processes (LSP) are evaluated using perturbations given by different LSP representations of continental-scale in a global climate model that includes atmosphere-ocean interactions. One representation is a simple land scheme, which specifies climatological albedos and soil moisture availability. The other representation is the more comprehensive Simplified Simple Biosphere Model, which allows for interactive soil moisture and vegetation biophysical processes. The results demonstrate that LSP processes such as interactive soil moisture and vegetation biophysical processes have strong impacts on the seasonal mean states and seasonal cycles of global precipitation, clouds, and surface air temperature. The impact is especially significant over the tropical Pacific. To explore the mechanisms for such impact, different LSP representations are confined to selected continental-scale regions where strong interactions of climate-vegetation biophysical processes are present. We find that the largest impact is mainly from LSP perturbations over the tropical African continent. The impact is through anomalous convective heating in tropical Africa due to changes in the surface heat fluxes, which in turn affect basinwide teleconnections in the Pacific through equatorial wave dynamics. The modifications in the equatorial Pacific climate are further enhanced by strong air-sea coupling between surface wind stress and upwelling, as well as effect of ocean memory. Our results further suggest that correct representations of land surface processes, land use change and the associated changes in the deep convection over tropical Africa are crucial to reducing the uncertainty when performing future climate projections under different climate change scenarios.

  12. Green Lands Blue Water 2014 Fall Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Green Lands Blue Water 2014 Fall Conference will be held from November 19–20, 2014, at the Richland Community College in Decatur, Illinois. The event will focus on bioenergy and sustainable agriculture and explore topics ranging from logistics, energy conversion technologies, and markets for grass biomass. BETO Sustainability Program Technology Manager Kristen Johnson will be speaking about the Energy Department’s perspective on sustainable bioenergy landscapes and will focus on BETO’s recent work with landscape design. The conference will be November 19–20 only. On November 18, participants may choose to participate in a pre-conference field tour.

  13. Ewing Land Development Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville,PowerEvaporative Coolers Jumpin theVillages,Ewing Land

  14. AG Land 1 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu,Information onAD HydroCompanyAG Land 1

  15. LDK Uni Land JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar HydroElectric Cooperative(Redirected fromUni Land JV Jump

  16. Montana State Land Board | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to: navigation, searchsource History ViewMoe WindJump to:VistaLand Board

  17. pv land use | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan)data book Homefuelleasingoutages Homeplanningpowerpv land

  18. solar land use | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan)data bookresult formats Home Jweers'ssmartsolar land use

  19. California State Lands Commission | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County, California: EnergyNatural Resources Agency Jump to:Assembly JumpLands

  20. Quantifying the effect of land use and land cover changes on green water and blue water in northern part of China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Ren, L.; Yuan, F.; Singh, V. P.; Fang, X.; Yu, Z.; Zhang, W.

    2009-06-12

    ) and runoff. The LULC data showed that from 1980 to 1996 grass land and water body had decreased and forest land and crop land had increased. This change caused the evaporation from vegetation interception and vegetation transpiration to increase, whereas...

  1. SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY OF REPORTS ON BIOFUELS, LAND RIGHTS IN AFRICA & GLOBAL LAND GRABBING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    functional at todays date. The majority of the reports are by FAO, GRAIN, SCI-DEV NET, Pambazuka News, IIED, 13 December 2009 http://farmlandgrab.org/9723/print/ Feeding the world in 2050, World Summit on Food investment ­ win-win or land grab?, World Summit on Food Security, Rome, 16-18 November 2009 ftp

  2. Characterizing the Impact of Land Use and Land Cover Change on Freshwater Inflows 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferijal, Teuku

    2009-05-15

    . This study proposed to characterize the impact of land use/cover change in the Guadalupe River Watershed on freshwater inflows to the Guadalupe Estuary. Pre-whitening, Mann-Kendall and bootstrap techniques were used to test for significant trends...

  3. RAPID/Geothermal/Land Access/Washington | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado < RAPID‎ |RAPID/Geothermal/LandRAPID/Geothermal/LandRAPID/Geothermal/Land

  4. Dynamic Reconstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horn, Berthold Klaus Paul

    Dynamic reconstruction is a method for generating images or image sequences from data obtained using moving radiation detection systems. While coded apertures are used as examples of the underlying information collection ...

  5. Analysis of Impacts on Prime or Unique Agricultural Lands in...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    on Analysis of Impacts on Prime or Unique Agricultural Lands in Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act was developed in cooperation with the Department of Agriculture....

  6. Energy Corridors on Federal Lands | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lands throughout the United States. Energy corridors would help address growing energy demand by facilitating future siting of oil, gas, and hydrogen pipelines and electricity...

  7. Coordination of Federal Transmission Permitting on Federal Lands...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    federal agencies, states and tribes involved in the siting and permitting process for electric transmission facilities on Federal land. The MOU will improve uniformity,...

  8. Land use regulation and intraregional population-employment interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, JH; Hewings, GJD

    2013-01-01

    Levine J (2006) Zoned out: Regulation, markets, and choicesprices, externalities, and regulation in U.S. metropolitanCT (2000) Land use regulation and new construction. Regional

  9. Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development - Farmland...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development - Farmland Protection...

  10. Geothermal Direct-Use — Minimizing Land Use and Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    With geothermal direct-use applications, land use issues usually only arise during exploration and development when geothermal reservoirs are located in or near urbanized areas, critical habitat...

  11. Bureau of Land Management, Colorado collaborate to advance efficient...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bureau of Land Management, Colorado collaborate to advance efficient geothermal development Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Memorandum: Bureau of...

  12. Bureau of Land Management - Notice of Intent to Conduct Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bureau of Land Management - Notice of Intent to Conduct Geothermal Resource Exploration Operations Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: Bureau...

  13. Texas General Land Office Construction Certificate and Dune Protection...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - Checklist: Texas General Land Office Construction Certificate and Dune Protection Permit Requirements...

  14. Wind Power Siting: Public Acceptance and Land Use

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Wind Power Siting: Public Acceptance and Land Use Suzanne Tegen WINDExchange Webinar June 17, 2015 2 Overview * Current NREL Research *...

  15. Moving towards pro-poor systems of land administration: Challenges for land and asset distribution in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deininger, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    and Management in Africa." IIED Issues Paper 120. London:Custom and commonage in Africa: Rethinking the orthodoxies."Land Registration in Africa: The Impact on Agricultural

  16. Integrated Assessment Modeling of Carbon Sequestration and Land Use Emissions Using Detailed Model Results and Observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Atul Jain

    2005-04-17

    This report outlines the progress on the development and application of Integrated Assessment Modeling of Carbon Sequestrations and Land Use Emissions supported by the DOE Office of Biological and Environmental Research (OBER), U.S. Department of Energy, Grant No. DOE-DE-FG02-01ER63069. The overall objective of this collaborative project between the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was to unite the latest advances in carbon cycle research with scientifically based models and policy-related integrated assessment tools that incorporate computationally efficient representations of the latest knowledge concerning science and emission trajectories, and their policy implications. As part of this research we accomplished the following tasks that we originally proposed: (1) In coordination with LLNL and ORNL, we enhanced the Integrated Science Assessment Model's (ISAM) parametric representation of the ocean and terrestrial carbon cycles that better represent spatial and seasonal variations, which are important to study the mechanisms that influence carbon sequestration in the ocean and terrestrial ecosystems; (2) Using the MiniCAM modeling capability, we revised the SRES (IPCC Special Report on Emission Scenarios; IPCC, 2000) land use emission scenarios; and (3) On the application front, the enhanced version of ISAM modeling capability is applied to understand how short- and long-term natural carbon fluxes, carbon sequestration, and human emissions contribute to the net global emissions (concentrations) trajectories required to reach various concentration (emission) targets. Under this grant, 21 research publications were produced. In addition, this grant supported a number of graduate and undergraduate students whose fundamental research was to learn a disciplinary field in climate change (e.g., ecological dynamics and ocean circulations) and then complete research on how this field could be linked to the other factors we need to consider in its dynamics (e.g., land use, ocean and terrestrial carbon sequestration and climate change).

  17. WILDLAND FIRE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    products and services to assist military land managers and range operations personnel in protecting against is already in place. Fire Management Planning CEMML provides high quality fire management planning adviceWILDLAND FIRE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML | 1490 Campus

  18. Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milbrandt, A.; Overend, R. P.

    2009-08-01

    The goal of this study is to examine the marginal lands in Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) economies and evaluate their biomass productivity potential. Twelve categories of marginal lands are identified using the Global Agro-Ecological Zones system of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.

  19. Analysis of Land Suitable for Algae State of Hawaii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analysis of Land Suitable for Algae Production State of Hawaii Prepared for the U.S. Department agency thereof. #12;Analysis of Land Suitable for Algae Production State of Hawaii Prepared by Mele University of Hawaii at Manoa August 2011 #12;i Executive Summary Algae are considered to be a viable crop

  20. Can land management and biomass utilization help mitigate global warming?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlamadinger, B.; Lauer, M.

    1996-12-31

    With rising concern about the increase of the CO{sub 2} concentration in the earth`s atmosphere there is considerable interest in various land-use based mitigation options, like afforestation of surplus agricultural land with or without subsequent harvest; improved forest management; strategies that rely on wood plantations managed in short rotation or agricultural crops with high yields to produce bioenergy, timber and other biomass products. In the first step of this study, the net carbon benefits of such strategies will be calculated per unit of land, i.e., per hectare, because it is assumed that land is the limiting resource for such strategies in the future, and thus, the benefits per unit land need to be optimized. For these calculations a computer model has been developed. The results take into account the time dependence of carbon storage in the biosphere and are shown graphically both for land and for plantation systems with constant output of biomass over time. In the second step, these results will be combined with data on available land for Austria. The potential contribution of each of the above strategies towards mitigating the Austrian CO{sub 2} emissions will be demonstrated. A comparison to other renewable mitigation options, like solar thermal or photovoltaics, will be drawn in terms of available land resources and overall CO{sub 2} reductions.

  1. Costs of Land Subsidence Due to Groundwater Withdrawal 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, J. P.; Jones, L. L.; Griffin, W. L.; Lacewell, R. D.

    1974-01-01

    In recent years the area around Houston and Baytown, Texas, has been affected to an increasing degree by land subsidence. Sinking of the land surface has reached critical proportions in many areas, and subsidence of as much as eight feet has...

  2. Gulf of Mexico Regional Land Cover Change Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gulf of Mexico Regional Land Cover Change Report 1996­2010 #12;About This Report The Gulf of Mexico at www.coast.noaa.gov. #12;GULF OF MEXICO REGIONAL LAND COVER CHANGE REPORT, 1996­2010 THE GULF OF MEXICO REGION covers over 200,400 square miles and extends from Texas'border with Mexico in the west to the tip

  3. Hawaii Bioenergy Master Plan Land and Water Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with phytoremediation and bioremediation processes; · Document methods to increase water use efficiency for bioenergyHawaii Bioenergy Master Plan Land and Water Resources Submitted to Hawaii Natural Energy Institute of any bioenergy crops in Hawaii is the availability of the land and water necessary to produce

  4. Views of Private-Land Stewardship among Latinos on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    predictors of private-land steward- ship (PLS), its definitions, and what people feel they owe stewardship Sciences, Texas A&M University. Jianguo Liu, Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability, Department to voluntarily promote sustainable land-use practices. Such voluntary protection is often labeled stewardship

  5. POST-CONFLICT LAND ADMINISTRATION WITHIN THE PROCESS OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    POST-CONFLICT LAND ADMINISTRATION WITHIN THE PROCESS OF POST-CONFLICT STATE BUILDING; CASE KOSOVO and Post-Conflict Environment Land Administration in Post-Conflict Environment Post-Conflict State Building-conflict state building Figure 1: Conceptual Research design #12;KOSOVO ­ MAIN CASE STUDY Field work ­ 2 weeks

  6. Global Consequences of Land Use Jonathan A. Foley,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    , fiber, water, and shelter to more than six billion people. Global croplands, pastures, plantations in atmospheric composition to the extensive modification of Earth_s ecosystems (3­6). For example, land and ecosystem services, such as food, fiber, shelter, and fresh- water. On the other hand, some forms of land

  7. The Impact of Biofuel Mandates on Land Use Suhail Ahmad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Impact of Biofuel Mandates on Land Use by Suhail Ahmad B.E., Avionics Engineering National, Technology and Policy Program #12;#12;3 The Impact of Biofuel Mandates on Land Use by Suhail Ahmad Submitted of Master of Science in Technology and Policy ABSTRACT The use of biofuels in domestic transportation sector

  8. Climate change and land use in Florida: Interdependencies and opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    Climate change and land use in Florida: Interdependencies and opportunities Stephen Mulkey, Ph June 2007 Revised 30 September 2007 #12;Climate change and land use ­ Report to the Century Commission - S. Mulkey, June 2007 2 Executive summary Over this century anthropogenic climate change will present

  9. Geospatial Analysis of Renewable Energy Technical Potential on Tribal Lands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doris, E.; Lopez, A.; Beckley, D.

    2013-02-01

    This technical report uses an established geospatial methodology to estimate the technical potential for renewable energy on tribal lands for the purpose of allowing Tribes to prioritize the development of renewable energy resources either for community scale on-tribal land use or for revenue generating electricity sales.

  10. Technical Note/ Impact of Coastal Land Reclamation on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiao, Jiu Jimmy

    of fresh ground water resource because the reclaimed land can be an additional aquifer and rain rechargeTechnical Note/ Impact of Coastal Land Reclamation on Ground Water Level and the Sea Water a significant effect on local ground water systems. Steady-state analytic solutions based on Dupuit and Ghyben

  11. Urban Land Use and Transportation Center University of California, Davis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Urban Land Use and Transportation Center University of California, Davis The Urban Land Use and Transportation Center (ULTRANS) at the UC Davis Institute of Transportation Studies (ITS-Davis) is tackling-Davis researchers have provided strong input to the design and analysis of the entire array of California's proposed

  12. ORIGINAL PAPER Comparing land surface phenology derived from satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Eric

    ORIGINAL PAPER Comparing land surface phenology derived from satellite and GPS network microwave, a normalized mi- crowave reflectance index (NMRI) derived from GPS base station measurements is sensitive, and their derived SOS metrics for a subset of 24 homogenous land cover sites to investigate VOD and NMRI

  13. Idaho National Laboratory Comprehensive Land Use and Environmental Stewardship Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    No name listed on publication

    2011-08-01

    Land and facility use planning and decisions at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Site are guided by a comprehensive site planning process in accordance with Department of Energy Policy 430.1, 'Land and Facility Use Policy,' that integrates mission, economic, ecologic, social, and cultural factors. The INL Ten-Year Site Plan, prepared in accordance with Department of Energy Order 430.1B, 'Real Property Asset Management,' outlines the vision and strategy to transform INL to deliver world-leading capabilities that will enable the Department of Energy to accomplish its mission. Land use planning is the overarching function within real property asset management that integrates the other functions of acquisition, recapitalization, maintenance, disposition, real property utilization, and long-term stewardship into a coordinated effort to ensure current and future mission needs are met. All land and facility use projects planned at the INL Site are considered through a formal planning process that supports the Ten-Year Site Plan. This Comprehensive Land Use and Environmental Stewardship Report describes that process. The land use planning process identifies the current condition of existing land and facility assets and the scope of constraints across INL and in the surrounding region. Current land use conditions are included in the Comprehensive Land Use and Environmental Stewardship Report and facility assets and scope of constraints are discussed in the Ten-Year Site Plan. This report also presents the past, present, and future uses of land at the INL Site that are considered during the planning process, as well as outlining the future of the INL Site for the 10, 30, and 100-year timeframes.

  14. Mapping the Potential for Biofuel Production on Marginal Lands: Differences in Definitions, Data and Models across Scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Sarah M

    2014-01-01

    D. Land availability for biofuel production. Environ. Sci.of land available for biofuel production. Environ. Sci.so marginal land for biofuel crops is limited. Energy Policy

  15. Land Use and Land Cover Analyses from the North Coast of Puerto Rico Using AVIRIS Images: from Arecibo to Quebradillas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    1 Land Use and Land Cover Analyses from the North Coast of Puerto Rico Using AVIRIS Images: from INTRODUCTION Image spectroscopy is the practice that collects images with a sensor that measures the energy and reflectance characteristics from the different materials. This new tool is used to map specific material

  16. Numerical Simulation of Land Subsidence in the Los Banos-Kettleman City Area, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Keith J; Basagaoglu, Hakan; Marino, Miguel A

    1999-01-01

    risk assessment of land subsidence in Shanhai. EnvironmentalF. and Riley, F. S. 1984. Land Subsidence in the San Joaquinand Miller, R. E. 1975. Land subsidence due to ground water

  17. Numerical Simulation of Land Subsidence in the Los Banos-Kettleman City Area, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Keith J; Basagaoglu, Hakan; Marino, Miguel

    2001-01-01

    risk assessment of land subsidence in Shanhai. EnvironmentelObserved and simulated land subsidence for extenso meter 1 .and Miller, R. E. 1975. land subsidence due to ground water

  18. Surface Water Chemistry in White Oak Creek, North-East Texas: Effect of Land Use 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Eliza

    2012-02-14

    Over the last few decades increasing attention has been paid to the effects of land use activities and land management on stream water quality. Recent research has largely focused on dominant land uses such as urban development and agricultural...

  19. EPAct 2005, Indian Lands Rights-of-Way | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPAct 2005, Indian Lands Rights-of-Way EPAct 2005, Indian Lands Rights-of-Way Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section 1813, Indian Land Rights-of-Way Study, Report to Congress EPAct...

  20. Redefining the typology of land use in the age of big data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Liqun, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    Land use classification is important as a standard for land use description and management. However, current land use classification systems are problematic. Labels such as "residential use" and "commercial use" do not ...

  1. Soil suitability index identifies potential areas for groundwater banking on agricultural lands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    the Department of Land, Air and Water Resources at UC Davis;the Department of Land, Air and Water Resources at UC Davis;the Department of Land, Air and Water Resources at UC Davis;

  2. Using land value capture to fund rail transit extensions in Mexico City and Santiago de Chile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Covarrubias, Alvaro, 1973-

    2004-01-01

    The effects of rail rapid transit on land uses and land values are discussed. Rail transit can enhance accessibility, and can raise the demand for locating in areas around stations, increasing land value, and in some cases ...

  3. TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT IN THE DRYLANDS: SCIENTIFIC CONNECTIONS IN MONITORING AND ASSESSING DRYLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Johannes

    ; Accepted 29 November 2010 ABSTRACT The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification and its sister in land management undertaken to address dryland degradation and desertification can simultaneously reduce words: resilience; sustainable land management; desertification; land degradation; climate change

  4. Vectorizing the Community Land Model (CLM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL; Vertenstein, Mariana [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Kitabata, Hideyuki [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Japan; White III, James B [ORNL

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we describe our extensive efforts to rewrite the Community Land Model (CLM) so that it provides good vector performance on the Earth Simulator in Japan and the Cray X1 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. We present the technical details of the old and new internal data structures, the required code reorganization, and the resulting performance improvements. We describe and compare the performance and scaling of the final CLM Version 3.0 (CLM3.0) on the IBM Power4, the Earth Simulator, and the Cray X1. At 64 processors, the performance of the model is similar on the IBM Power4, the Earth Simulator, and the Cray X1. However, the Cray X1 offers the best performance of all three platforms tested from 4 to 64 processors when OpenMP is used. Moreover, at low processor counts (16 or fewer), the model performs significantly better on the Cray X1 than on the other platforms. The vectorized version of CLM was publicly released by the National Center for Atmospheric Research as the standalone CLM3.0, as a part of the new Community Atmosphere Model Version 3.0 (CAM3.0), and as a component of the Community Climate System Model Version 3.0 (CCSM3.0) on June 23, 2004.

  5. CARBON SEQUESTRATION ON SURFACE MINE LANDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donald H. Graves; Christopher Barton; Richard Sweigard; Richard Warner

    2003-10-30

    The 2002-2003 Department of Energy plantings amounted to 164 acres containing 111,520 tree seedlings in eastern and western Kentucky. Data gathered on these trees included an inventory to determine survival of all planted species. A sub-sample of seedlings was selected to assess the height and diameter of individual species of seedlings established. Additional efforts involved collection of soil sample and litter samples, analysis of herbaceous ground cover from vegetation clip plots and leaf area on each tree species, and development of tissue collections. All areas were sampled for penetration resistance, penetration depth (or depth to refusal), and bulk density at various depths. Rain fall events and flow rates were recorded. The water quality of runoff samples involved the determination of total and settleable solids and particle size distribution. A study was initiated that will focus on the colonization of small mammals from forest edges to various areas located on reclaimed surface mines. This effort will provide a better understanding of the role small mammals and birds have in the establishment of plant communities on mine lands that will be useful in developing and improving reclamation techniques.

  6. Parking Management and Downtown Land Development: The Case of Downtown Berkeley, CA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deakin, Elizabeth

    2006-01-01

    Parking to deter spillover parking in neighborhoods TRB 2004Parking Management and Downtown Land Development: The Casefrom a study of land use, parking, mode choice, and housing

  7. Reforming the Nation: Law and Land in Post-Soviet Ukraine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eppinger, Monica Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    lab.net) Arel , Dominique. “Ukraine: The Muddle Way. ” InLand Relations in Ukraine: Organizational – Legal Mechanism]Resursakh [State Committee of Ukraine for Land Resources

  8. Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversity assessments of land use: Part 2: Impact assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geyer, Roland; Lindner, Jan P.; Stoms, David M.; Davis, Frank W.; Wittstock, Bastian

    2010-01-01

    Evenness . Geographic information systems (GIS) .GIS-based inventory modeling . Habitats . Hemeroby . Land0199-9 LAND USE IN LCA Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversity

  9. Converting Limbo Lands to Energy-Generating Stations: Renewable Energy Technologies on Underused, Formerly Contaminated Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosey, G.; Heimiller, D.; Dahle, D.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Brady-Sabeff, L.

    2007-10-01

    This report addresses the potential for using 'Limbo Lands' (underused, formerly contaminated sites, landfills, brownfields, abandoned mine lands, etc. ) as sites for renewable energy generating stations.

  10. Fuel Cell Hybrid Bus Lands at Hickam AFB: Hydrogen Fuel Cell...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hybrid Bus Lands at Hickam AFB: Hydrogen Fuel Cell & Infrastructure Technologies Program, Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration Project (Fact Sheet) Fuel Cell Hybrid Bus Lands at Hickam AFB:...

  11. Multiobjective calibration and sensitivity of a distributed land surface water and energy balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houser, Paul R; Gupta, Hoshin V; Shuttleworth, W. James; Famiglietti, James S

    2001-01-01

    distributed land surface water and energy balance model Pauldistributed land surface water and energy balance model (because models of water and energy balance, Ph.D.

  12. Trends in the Texas Farm and Ranch Land Market. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, F. B.; Wooten, Alvin B.

    1967-01-01

    total acreage. TABLE I. AVERAGE SALES PRICE OF FARM AND RANCH LAND, BY TYPE-OF-FARMING AREAS IN TEXAS, 1947-49, 1954, 1960, 1963, 1965 Type-of-farming areas' 1947-49 1954- 1960- 1963- 1947-49 1954 1960 1963 1965 to 1965 1965 1965 1965 Dollars per.... TABLE 2. RATIO OF FARM AND RANCH LAND PRICE TO NET FARM INCOME, EXPRESSED IN NUMBER OF YEARS OF NET INCOME REQUIRED TO PAY FOR LAND 1947-49, 1960, 1963 AND 1965' I tems 1947-49 1960 1963 1965 - - - - Years - - - - Cotton farms, Blackland Prairie 4...

  13. Final Land Configuration for the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stegen, R. L.; Kapinos, J. M.; Wehner, J. P.; Snyder, B.; Davis, R. W.

    2006-07-01

    Closure of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) has been completed. The future land use of the site is designated as a National Wildlife Refuge. A joint effort between Kaiser-Hill, Department of Energy, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Environmental Protection Agency, State of Colorado, and other stakeholders was initiated to provide direction for developing the final land configuration. Through early identification of issues and developing mutually agreeable solutions, the final land configuration of the site was successfully completed. (authors)

  14. Harmonization of Land-Use Scenarios for the Period 1500-2100: 600 Years of Global Gridded Annual Land-Use Transitions, Wood Harvest, and Resulting Secondary Lands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hurtt, George; Chini, Louise Parsons; Frolking, Steve; Betts, Richard; Feddema, Johannes; Fischer, Gavin M.; Fisk, J.P.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Houghton, R. A.; Janetos, Anthony C.; Jones, C.; Kindermann, G.; Kinoshita, Tsuguki; Goldeweijk, Kees K.; Riahi, Keywan; Shevliakova, Elena; Smith, Steven J.; Stehfest, Eike; Thomson, Allison M.; Thornton, P.; Van Vuuren, Detlef; Wang, Y.

    2011-08-08

    In preparation for the fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the international community is developing new advanced Earth System Models (ESM) to assess the combined effects of human activities (e.g. land use and fossil fuel emissions) on the carbon-climate system. In addition, four Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) scenarios of the future (2005-2100) are being provided by four Integrated Assessment Model (IAM) teams to be used as input to the ESMs for future carbon-climate projections (Moss et al., 2010). The diversity of approaches and requirements among IAMs and ESMs for tracking land-use change, along with the dependence of model projections on land-use history, presents a challenge for effectively passing data between these communities and for smoothly transitioning from the historical estimates to future projections. Here, a harmonized set of land-use scenarios are presented that smoothly connects historical reconstructions of land use with future projections, in the format required by ESMs.

  15. Evaluating runoff simulations from the Community Land Model 4.0 using observations from flux towers and a mountainous watershed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Land Model (CLM) is the land component within the Community Earth System Model (CESM) (formerly known earth system model b

  16. Hierarchical Dynamic Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    Hierarchical Dynamic Models Will Penny OU Processes Embedding OU(2) process Dynamic Models Hierarchical Dynamic Models Will Penny 26th May 2011 #12;Hierarchical Dynamic Models Will Penny OU Processes Dynamic Models Will Penny OU Processes Embedding OU(2) process Dynamic Models Generalised coordinates

  17. Assessing the effect of modified accessibility on land cover change 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, James E

    2009-11-26

    Policies taken towards transportation influence patterns of land cover change and in recent years, significant investments have been made in rail infrastructure in England. The introduction of high speed rail services, ...

  18. Pollution on the Federal Lands I: Air Pollution Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glicksman, Robert L.

    1993-01-01

    818-19. FEDERAL LANDS AIR POLLUTION I. Interstate PollutionKay M. Crider, Interstate Air Pollution: Over A Decade ofKramer, Transboundary Air Pollution and the Clean Air Act:

  19. Sustainable treatment of hydrocarbon-contaminated industrial land 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Colin John

    2012-06-25

    Land contamination by petroleum hydrocarbons is a widespread and global environmental pollution issue from recovery and refining of crude oil and the ubiquitous use of hydrocarbons in industrial processes and applications. ...

  20. Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced from Federal and Indian Lands...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    8 Table 6. Sales of fossil fuel production from federal and Indian lands by statearea, FY 2003-13 trillion Btu State 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Alabama...

  1. A robust guidance system for aircraft approach and landing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Ren-Jye

    1999-01-01

    system (GS) to assist pilots during approach and landing. This GS consists of three modules: the Guidance Manager (GM), the Guidance Executive (GE) and the Guidance Display (GD). Modular design allows parallel development of these modules and the GS...

  2. City growth and community-owned land in Mexico City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz, Rodrigo, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    Sixteen years after the promulgation of the reforms to Article 27 that regulates land tenure in Mexico, there is consensus among political authorities, public officials, private investors, and scholars that the outcomes ...

  3. Siting Renewable Energy: Land Use and Regulatory Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Outka, Uma

    2010-01-01

    This article takes up the increasingly important land use question of siting for renewable energy. As concern over climate change grows, new policies are being crafted at all levels of government to support renewable energy as a way of reducing...

  4. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML | 1490@cemml.colostate.edu | http://www.cemml.colostate.edu A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a necessary tool for effective

  5. 7Be Solar Neutrino Measurement with KamLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gando, A.

    2014-01-01

    Be Solar Neutrino Measurement with KamLAND A. Gando, 1 Y.light on the question of solar metallicity. ACKNOWLEDGMENTSscattering rate of 862 keV 7 Be solar neutrinos based on a

  6. BPA land conservation efforts play role in Oregon chub's delisting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the minnow has rebounded to more than 140,000, leading to the decision to delist the fish. (Courtesy of Rick Swart, ODFW) Four land acquisitions in the Willamette Valley funded...

  7. Is Florida's Growth Management Act protecting agricultural lands?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lloyd, Stephen (Stephen Charles Rhys)

    2011-01-01

    Florida has experienced more population growth over the past half century than any other state, which has led to some of the most extensive urban development on valuable agricultural lands. To address this and other impacts ...

  8. China's food production under water and land limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoisungwan, Piyatida

    2010-01-01

    The future availability of the natural resources (water and land) needed for food production is highly uncertain. Evidence shows diminishing natural resources and growing food demand throughout many parts of the world. ...

  9. An ecological perceptual aid for precision vertical landings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Cristin Anne

    2006-01-01

    Pilots of vertical landing vehicles face numerous control challenges which often involve the loss of outside visual perceptual cues or the control of flight parameters within tight constraints. These challenges are often ...

  10. Ownership Patterns on Hardwood Lands1 Sam C. Doak2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Demand for land for residential and commercial develop- ment has been a major force of change across (Doak and Stewart 1986). The process of changing ownerships, decreasing parcel sizes, and residential

  11. Local Company Purchases William & Mary Land Near Jefferson Lab...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    articles.dailypress.com2010-06-14newsdp-nws-wm-land-20100614-11jefferson-lab-mary-real-estate-foundation-new... Submitted: Tuesday, June 15, 2010 - 12...

  12. MSU at Work in Africa: Land Use, Strategic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , construction, and finance of which are related to land tenure, use, and planning. Africans need rural economic areas of Africa, excessive extraction of resources, including oil, coal, and natural gas, has resulted

  13. The Bureau of Land Management's Well Information System (WIS...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bureau of Land Management's Well Information System (WIS) How-To Guide Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - Guide...

  14. Land Tenure and Reform in Haiti Amber Bethell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Onsrud, Harlan J.

    struggles with poverty and environmental degradation. The political system is far from stable. Most Haitians per year. Many theorize that securing tenure in land is one method for combating poverty and hunger

  15. LAND REFORM IN NAMIBIA: AN ANALYSIS OF MEDIA COVERAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelbrecht, Petrus J.

    2014-08-31

    in ensuring that land reform is successfully designed and executed. The media informs the public, sets the public and political agenda, holds the government accountable, and serves as a public sphere. This project analyses Namibia's three primary daily...

  16. Energy Consumption and Renewable Energy Development Potential on Indian Lands

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2000-01-01

    Includes information on the electricity use and needs of Indian households and tribes, the comparative electricity rates that Indian households are paying, and the potential for renewable resources development of Indian lands.

  17. Privatization of buildings and land : the case of El Salvador

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chamberlain, Fernando Adolfo

    1992-01-01

    Privatization lS a concern, in the world transition to market economies and management of real property portfolios (RPP) --- t.he building and land stock of a government. For political and technical reasons the Government ...

  18. LanguageLand : a multimodal conversational spoken language learning system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Vivienne C. (Vivienne Catherine)

    2004-01-01

    LanguageLand is a multimodal conversational spoken language learning system whose purpose is to help native English users learn Mandarin Chinese. The system is centered on a game that involves navigation on a simulated ...

  19. Town of Chapel Hill- Land-Use Management Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2003, the Town of Chapel Hill adopted a land-use management ordinance that includes prohibitions against neighborhood or homeowners association covenants or other conditions of sale that...

  20. Community Land Model Version 3.0 (CLM3.0) Developer's Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, FM

    2004-12-21

    This document describes the guidelines adopted for software development of the Community Land Model (CLM) and serves as a reference to the entire code base of the released version of the model. The version of the code described here is Version 3.0 which was released in the summer of 2004. This document, the Community Land Model Version 3.0 (CLM3.0) User's Guide (Vertenstein et al., 2004), the Technical Description of the Community Land Model (CLM) (Oleson et al., 2004), and the Community Land Model's Dynamic Global Vegetation Model (CLM-DGVM): Technical Description and User's Guide (Levis et al., 2004) provide the developer, user, or researcher with details of implementation, instructions for using the model, a scientific description of the model, and a scientific description of the Dynamic Global Vegetation Model integrated with CLM respectively. The CLM is a single column (snow-soil-vegetation) biogeophysical model of the land surface which can be run serially (on a laptop or personal computer) or in parallel (using distributed or shared memory processors or both) on both vector and scalar computer architectures. Written in Fortran 90, CLM can be run offline (i.e., run in isolation using stored atmospheric forcing data), coupled to an atmospheric model (e.g., the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM)), or coupled to a climate system model (e.g., the Community Climate System Model Version 3 (CCSM3)) through a flux coupler (e.g., Coupler 6 (CPL6)). When coupled, CLM exchanges fluxes of energy, water, and momentum with the atmosphere. The horizontal land surface heterogeneity is represented by a nested subgrid hierarchy composed of gridcells, landunits, columns, and plant functional types (PFTs). This hierarchical representation is reflected in the data structures used by the model code. Biophysical processes are simulated for each subgrid unit (landunit, column, and PFT) independently, and prognostic variables are maintained for each subgrid unit. Vertical heterogeneity is represented by a single vegetation layer, 10 layers for soil, and up to five layers for snow, depending on the snow depth. For computational efficiency, gridcells are grouped into ''clumps'' which are divided in cyclic fashion among distributed memory processors. Additional parallel performance is obtained by distributing clumps of gridcells across shared memory processors on computer platforms that support hybrid Message Passing Interface (MPI)/OpenMP operation. Significant modifications to the source code have been made over the last year to support efficient operation on newer vector architectures, specifically the Earth Simulator in Japan and the Cray X1 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Homan et al., 2004). These code modifications resulted in performance improvements even on the scalar architectures widely used for running CLM presently. To better support vectorized processing in the code, subgrid units (columns and PFTs) are grouped into ''filters'' based on their process-specific categorization. For example, filters (vectors of integers) referring to all snow, non-snow, lake, non-lake, and soil covered columns and PFTs within each clump are built and maintained when the model is run. Many loops within the scientific subroutines use these filters to indirectly address the process-appropriate subgrid units.

  1. Penobscot Indian Nation's Strategic Energy Planning Efficiency on tribal Lands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sockalexis, Mike; Fields, Brenda

    2006-11-30

    The energy grant provided the resources to evaluate the wind, hydro, biomass, geothermal and solar resource potential on all Penobscot Indian Naiton's Tribal lands. The two objectives address potential renewable energy resources available on tribal lands and energy efficiency measures to be taken after comprehensive energy audits of commercial facilities. Also, a Long Term Strategic Energy Plan was developed along with a plan to reduce high energy costs.

  2. Recreation land policies of Texas river authorities operating reservoirs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruesink, Lou Ellen

    1979-01-01

    RECREATION LAND POLICIES OF TEXAS RIVER AUTHORITIES OPERATING RESERVOIRS A Thesis by LOU ELLEN RUESINK Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A1IM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1979 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Developmenr. RECREATION LAND POLICIES OF TEXAS RIVER AUTHORITIES OPERATING RESERVOIRS A Thesis by LOU ELLEN RUESINK Approved as to sty1e and content by: (Chairman of o ittee) (Member...

  3. Sources of plant materials for land rehabilitation. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, S.D.; Howard, G.L.; White, S.J.

    1994-12-01

    Military land managers and trainers are charged with planning and implementing land rehabilitation and maintenance to minimize environmental degradation and improve the safety and realism of the training mission. One step in the rehabilitation and maintenance process is to purchase appropriate plant materials, particularly locally endemic or adapted species. This report contains a list of plant material vendors in each state. Managers and trainers can contact these vendors for solicitation of bids.

  4. The Impacts of Land Cover Change on Climate over China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Liang

    2015-06-22

    experienced significant land cover changes, such as urbanization (Hua et al. 2008; Zhou et al. 2004), agricultural expansion (Zhang 2000), and desertification (Wang et al. 2006a; Xue 1996). Even though there have been several studies focusing on land... processes (Kalnay and Cai 2003). By using the OMR method, Zhang et al. (2005) suggest that urbanization in southern China, deforestation, and desertification in northern China may increase surface temperature, while vegetation cover increases may decrease...

  5. RAPID/Geothermal/Land Access/Idaho | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado < RAPID‎ |RAPID/Geothermal/Land Access/California <RAPID/Geothermal/Land

  6. RAPID/Geothermal/Land Access/Nevada | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado < RAPID‎ |RAPID/Geothermal/Land Access/CaliforniaRAPID/Geothermal/Land

  7. RAPID/Geothermal/Land Access/Oregon | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado < RAPID‎ |RAPID/Geothermal/LandRAPID/Geothermal/Land Access/Oregon <

  8. RAPID/Geothermal/Land Access/Texas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado < RAPID‎ |RAPID/Geothermal/LandRAPID/Geothermal/Land Access/Oregon

  9. RAPID/Geothermal/Land Access/Utah | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado < RAPID‎ |RAPID/Geothermal/LandRAPID/Geothermal/Land

  10. Potential influence of climate-induced vegetation shifts on future land use and associated land carbon fluxes in Northern Eurasia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kicklighter, David

    Climate change will alter ecosystem metabolism and may lead to a redistribution of vegetation and changes in fire regimes in Northern Eurasia over the 21st century. Land management decisions will interact with these ...

  11. Land Takings in the Private Interest: Comparisons of Urban Land Development Controversies in the United States, China, and Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Annette M.

    2009-01-01

    Land-taking controversies around the globe have been making headline news recently. This article examines the similarities, differences, and ironies in what has been happening in China, Vietnam, and the United States. Even ...

  12. Understanding the drivers affecting land use change in Ecuador: an application of the Land Change Modeler software 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishna Rajan, Dhruva

    2010-01-01

    deforestation and degradation) and related policy mechanisms has accelerated the need for modelling deforestation. This project looks at developing a methodology for modelling deforestation using the Land Change Modeler software. To generate the model of change...

  13. An update on modeling land-ice/ocean interactions in CESM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Asay-davis, Xylar

    2011-01-24

    This talk is an update on ongoing land-ice/ocean coupling work within the Community Earth System Model (CESM). The coupling method is designed to allow simulation of a fully dynamic ice/ocean interface, while requiring minimal modification to the existing ocean model (the Parallel Ocean Program, POP). The method makes use of an immersed boundary method (IBM) to represent the geometry of the ice-ocean interface without requiring that the computational grid be modified in time. We show many of the remaining development challenges that need to be addressed in order to perform global, century long climate runs with fully coupled ocean and ice sheet models. These challenges include moving to a new grid where the computational pole is no longer at the true south pole and several changes to the coupler (the software tool used to communicate between model components) to allow the boundary between land and ocean to vary in time. We discuss benefits for ice/ocean coupling that would be gained from longer-term ocean model development to allow for natural salt fluxes (which conserve both water and salt mass, rather than water volume).

  14. Carbon Sequestration on Surface Mine Lands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donald Graves; Christopher Barton; Richard Sweigard; Richard Warner; Carmen Agouridis

    2006-03-31

    Since the implementation of the federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) in May of 1978, many opportunities have been lost for the reforestation of surface mines in the eastern United States. Research has shown that excessive compaction of spoil material in the backfilling and grading process is the biggest impediment to the establishment of productive forests as a post-mining land use (Ashby, 1998, Burger et al., 1994, Graves et al., 2000). Stability of mine sites was a prominent concern among regulators and mine operators in the years immediately following the implementation of SMCRA. These concerns resulted in the highly compacted, flatly graded, and consequently unproductive spoils of the early post-SMCRA era. However, there is nothing in the regulations that requires mine sites to be overly compacted as long as stability is achieved. It has been cultural barriers and not regulatory barriers that have contributed to the failure of reforestation efforts under the federal law over the past 27 years. Efforts to change the perception that the federal law and regulations impede effective reforestation techniques and interfere with bond release must be implemented. Demonstration of techniques that lead to the successful reforestation of surface mines is one such method that can be used to change perceptions and protect the forest ecosystems that were indigenous to these areas prior to mining. The University of Kentucky initiated a large-scale reforestation effort to address regulatory and cultural impediments to forest reclamation in 2003. During the three years of this project 383,000 trees were planted on over 556 acres in different physiographic areas of Kentucky (Table 1, Figure 1). Species used for the project were similar to those that existed on the sites before mining was initiated (Table 2). A monitoring program was undertaken to evaluate growth and survival of the planted species as a function of spoil characteristics and reclamation practice. In addition, experiments were integrated within the reforestation effort to address specific questions pertaining to sequestration of carbon (C) on these sites.

  15. NEW JERSEY MOSQUITO EXTERMINATION ASSOCIATION 137 THE USE OF PAROUS LANDING RATES AS A SURVEILLANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of surveillance techniques to detect potential nuisance. Light traps, truck traps and landing rates jusfa

  16. Runoff characteristics and the influence of land cover in drylands of western Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yun

    2009-06-02

    In dryland regions, where water is a limited resource, land use/land cover has undergone and continues to undergo significant change mainly due to human activities. The nature of runoff from dryland regions and the influence of land use/land cover...

  17. Land Rehabilitation programs1 teach individuals how to monitor, protect, and restore disturbed landscapes to natural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Land Rehabilitation programs1 teach individuals how to monitor, protect, and restore disturbed knowledge of land rehabilitation processes, are able to critically analyze and solve problems, and can work in teams to develop and implement effective land management strategies. Studies in Land Rehabilitation

  18. Bioenergy crop productivity and potential climate change mitigation from marginal lands in the United States: An

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuang, Qianlai

    ÀChampaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA Abstract Growing biomass feedstocks from marginal lands is becoming an increasingly

  19. Use of airborne laser scanning to characterise land degradation processes the Dead Sea as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco, Shmuel "Shmulik"

    . Keywords: Airborne laser scanning, Geomorphology, Dead Sea, Land degradation, Channel incision, Sinkholes

  20. Assessment of model estimates of land-atmosphere CO2 exchange across Northern Eurasia

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rawlins, M. A.; McGuire, A. D.; Kimball, J. S.; Dass, P.; Lawrence, D.; Burke, E.; Chen, X.; Delire, C.; Koven, C.; MacDougall, A.; et al

    2015-07-28

    A warming climate is altering land-atmosphere exchanges of carbon, with a potential for increased vegetation productivity as well as the mobilization of permafrost soil carbon stores. Here we investigate land-atmosphere carbon dioxide (CO2) cycling through analysis of net ecosystem productivity (NEP) and its component fluxes of gross primary productivity (GPP) and ecosystem respiration (ER) and soil carbon residence time, simulated by a set of land surface models (LSMs) over a region spanning the drainage basin of Northern Eurasia. The retrospective simulations cover the period 1960–2009 at 0.5° resolution, which is a scale common among many global carbon and climate modelmore »simulations. Model performance benchmarks were drawn from comparisons against both observed CO2 fluxes derived from site-based eddy covariance measurements as well as regional-scale GPP estimates based on satellite remote-sensing data. The site-based comparisons depict a tendency for overestimates in GPP and ER for several of the models, particularly at the two sites to the south. For several models the spatial pattern in GPP explains less than half the variance in the MODIS MOD17 GPP product. Across the models NEP increases by as little as 0.01 to as much as 0.79 g C m?² yr?², equivalent to 3 to 340 % of the respective model means, over the analysis period. For the multimodel average the increase is 135 % of the mean from the first to last 10 years of record (1960–1969 vs. 2000–2009), with a weakening CO2 sink over the latter decades. Vegetation net primary productivity increased by 8 to 30 % from the first to last 10 years, contributing to soil carbon storage gains. The range in regional mean NEP among the group is twice the multimodel mean, indicative of the uncertainty in CO2 sink strength. The models simulate that inputs to the soil carbon pool exceeded losses, resulting in a net soil carbon gain amid a decrease in residence time. Our analysis points to improvements in model elements controlling vegetation productivity and soil respiration as being needed for reducing uncertainty in land-atmosphere CO2 exchange. These advances will require collection of new field data on vegetation and soil dynamics, the development of benchmarking data sets from measurements and remote-sensing observations, and investments in future model development and intercomparison studies.« less

  1. Wind Generation on Winnebago Tribal Lands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Multiple

    2009-09-30

    The Winnebago Wind Energy Study evaluated facility-scale, community-scale and commercial-scale wind development on Winnebago Tribal lands in northeastern Nebraska. The Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska has been pursuing wind development in various forms for nearly ten years. Wind monitoring utilizing loaned met towers from NREL took place during two different periods. From April 2001 to April 2002, a 20-meter met tower monitored wind data at the WinnaVegas Casino on the far eastern edge of the Winnebago reservation in Iowa. In late 2006, a 50-meter tower was installed, and subsequently monitored wind data at the WinnaVegas site from late 2006 through late 2008. Significant challenges with the NREL wind monitoring equipment limited the availability of valid data, but based on the available data, average wind speeds between 13.6 – 14.3 miles were indicated, reflecting a 2+/3- wind class. Based on the anticipated cost of energy produced by a WinnaVegas wind turbine, and the utility policies and rates in place at this time, a WinnaVegas wind project did not appear to make economic sense. However, if substantial grant funding were available for energy equipment at the casino site, and if either Woodbury REC backup rates were lower, or NIPCO was willing to pay more for wind power, a WinnaVegas wind project could be feasible. With funding remaining in the DOE-funded project budget,a number of other possible wind project locations on the Winnebago reservation were considered. in early 2009, a NPPD-owned met tower was installed at a site identified in the study pursuant to a verbal agreement with NPPD which provided for power from any ultimately developed project on the Western Winnebago site to be sold to NPPD. Results from the first seven months of wind monitoring at the Western Winnebago site were as expected at just over 7 meters per second at 50-meter tower height, reflecting Class 4 wind speeds, adequate for commercial development. If wind data collected in the remaining months of the twelve-month collection period is consistent with that collected in the first seven months, the Western Winnebago site may present an interesting opportunity for Winnebago. Given the distance to nearby substations, and high cost of interconnection at higher voltage transmission lines, Winnebago would likely need to be part of a larger project in order to reduce power costs to more attractive levels. Another alternative would be to pursue grant funding for a portion of development or equipment costs, which would also help reduce the cost of power produced. The NREL tower from the WinnaVegas site was taken down in late 2008, re-instrumented and installation attempted on the Thunderway site south of the Winnebago community. Based on projected wind speeds, current equipment costs, and the project’s proximity to substations for possible interconnection, a Thunderway community-scale wind project could also be feasible.

  2. Fire dynamics during the 20th century simulated by the Community Land Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    G. R. , and Pyne, S. J. : Fire in the Earth System, Science,area using MODIS active fire observations, Atmos. Chem.Skinner, W. R. : Large forest fires in Canada, 1959–1997, J.

  3. Lunar landing : dynamic operator interaction with multi-modal automation systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hainley, Christopher James, Jr

    2011-01-01

    The ability of operators to "gracefully transition" (maintaining control and awareness of the system without excessive workload or decrements in flight performance) between levels of automation (LOA) in several case studies ...

  4. Fire dynamics during the 20th century simulated by the Community Land Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    contemporary fire car- bon emissions to satellite-basedon the simulated fire car- bon emissions to explain thedeforestation) fire car- bon emissions were between 2.0 and

  5. Fire dynamics during the 20th century simulated by the Community Land Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kloster, S.; Mahowald, N. M.; Randerson, J. T.; Thornton, P. E.; Hoffman, F. M.; Levis, Samuel; Lawrence, Peter J.; Feddema, Johannes J.; Oleson, Keith W.; Lawrence, David M.

    2010-01-01

    on the work by Arora and Boer (2005). We obtained substantial improvement when we explicitly considered human caused ignition and fire suppression as a function of population density. Simulated fire carbon emissions ranged between 2.0 and 2.4 Pg C...

  6. Urban Development and Land and Housing Market Dynamics in Bogotá, Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David E. Dowall; P. Alan Treffeisen

    1990-01-01

    o r a productive f a c t o r and the i n d u s t r y supply1974-1978, using l i n e a r and l o g - l i n e a r forms.we expect to see t a l l e r and/or b u l k i e r b u i l d

  7. Urban Development and Land and Housing Market Dynamics in Bogotá, Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David E. Dowall; P. Alan Treffeisen

    1990-01-01

    n s (Corporaciones and de Ahorro y Vivienda [CAVs]) was t hthe Corporaciones de Ahorro y Vivienda. Another decree I tnewly-created Corporaciones de Ahorro y Vivienda (CAVs, the

  8. Interactions between climate and land use which drive dynamics in treeline ecotone scrub in Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Diana

    2011-06-28

    Treeline ecotone scrub, the suite of tall woody plant communities that bridge the boundary between tall forest and higher altitude open summit heaths, is a rare and little studied transition habitat in the UK. Individual ...

  9. Observation of Fair-weather Cumuli over Land Dynamical Factors Controlling Cloud Size and Cover

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access to scienceSpeedingLightweight MaterialsGas andof Fair-weather

  10. Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric JumpAtlas for SolarInvestors

  11. US Fish and Wildlife Service lands biomonitoring operations manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rope, R.C.; Breckenridge, R.P.

    1993-08-01

    This is Volume 1 of an operations manual designed to facilitate the development of biomonitoring strategies for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Lands. It is one component of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Lands Biomonitoring Operations Manual. The Volume contains the Introduction to the Manual, background information on monitoring, and procedures for developing a biomonitoring strategy for Service lands. The purpose of the Biomonitoring Operations Manual is to provide an approach to develop and implement biomonitoring activities to assess the status and trends of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service trust resources. It also provides field sampline methods and documentation protocols for contaminant monitoring activities. The strategy described in the Manual has been designed as a stand alone process to characterize the presence of contaminants on lands managed by the Service. This process can be sued to develop a monitoring program for any tract of real estate with potential threats from on- or off-site contaminants. Because the process was designed to address concerns for Service lands that span the United States from Alaska to the Tropical Islands, it has a generic format that can be used in al types of ecosystems, however, significant site specific informtion is required to complete the Workbook and make the process work successfully.

  12. On linking an Earth system model to the equilibrium carbon representation of an economically optimizing land use model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Calvin, Katherine V.; Jones, Andrew D.; Mao, Jiafu; Patel, Pralit L.; Shi, Xiaoying; Thomson, Allison M.; Thornton, Peter E.; Zhou, Yuyu

    2014-01-01

    Human activities are significantly altering biogeochemical cycles at the global scale, posing a significant problem for earth system models (ESMs), which may incorporate static land-use change inputs but do not actively simulate policy or economic forces. One option to address this problem is a to couple an ESM with an economically oriented integrated assessment model. Here we have implemented and tested a coupling mechanism between the carbon cycles of an ESM (CLM) and an integrated assessment (GCAM) model, examining the best proxy variables to share between the models, and quantifying our ability to distinguish climate- and land-use-driven flux changes. CLM’s net primary production and heterotrophic respiration outputs were found to be the most robust proxy variables by which to manipulate GCAM’s assumptions of long-term ecosystem steady state carbon, with short-term forest production strongly correlated with long-term biomass changes in climate-change model runs. By leveraging the fact that carbon-cycle effects of anthropogenic land-use change are short-term and spatially limited relative to widely distributed climate effects, we were able to distinguish these effects successfully in the model coupling, passing only the latter to GCAM. By allowing climate effects from a full earth system model to dynamically modulate the economic and policy decisions of an integrated assessment model, this work provides a foundation for linking these models in a robust and flexible framework capable of examining two-way interactions between human and earth system processes.

  13. Navajo-Hopi Land Commission Renewable Energy Development Project (NREP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas Benally, Deputy Director,

    2012-05-15

    The Navajo Hopi Land Commission Office (NHLCO), a Navajo Nation executive branch agency has conducted activities to determine capacity-building, institution-building, outreach and management activities to initiate the development of large-scale renewable energy - 100 megawatt (MW) or larger - generating projects on land in Northwestern New Mexico in the first year of a multi-year program. The Navajo Hopi Land Commission Renewable Energy Development Project (NREP) is a one year program that will develop and market a strategic business plan; form multi-agency and public-private project partnerships; compile site-specific solar, wind and infrastructure data; and develop and use project communication and marketing tools to support outreach efforts targeting the public, vendors, investors and government audiences.

  14. Sandia Energy - Chemical Dynamics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemical Dynamics Home Transportation Energy Predictive Simulation of Engines Combustion Chemistry Chemical Dynamics Chemical DynamicsAshley Otero2015-10-28T02:45:37+00:00...

  15. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.; Gaston, G.; Daniels, R.C.

    1996-06-01

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  16. Chapters in the Legislative History of Land Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brook, Elizabeth Cable

    1913-06-01

    with the lands in accordance with their gen­ eral powers over the property of the United States. Benton and Robinson made the principal speeches in oppo­ sition. Benton's was in his usual rabid manner, devel­ oping two points: that the bill was in reality a... personal approval, he pocketed the distribution bill. He had declared in 6. hl8 message at the opening of Congress that the lands were subject to the disposal of Congress , (23) hut at the same time pointed out that he thought the price should he...

  17. An investigation of minimum distance landing over a barrier 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filburn, Ralph Bernard, III

    1968-01-01

    in barrier height over the standard height of fifty feet was only 1. 1 feet. However, by decrcasinq the tail length by a similar amount the barrier height over wh ich the airplane could land is reduced by 9. 6 feet. This indicated that there was a limit... engine , jet, supersonic f igh ter Minos: Ta1 1 Dimensions: Low wing monoplane, swept, wing area-385. 2 ft2 Nonoplane cantilever, fu]1 flying, area-67. 2 ft 2 Span-38. 5 f t, length-47. 4 ft, hei ght- 16. 22 ft2 Me1ghts and E, oadiings: landing...

  18. Montana - Land Use License Application | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: Energy ResourcesDec(Pritchett, 2004)Michigan: EnergyNew York:Lands | OpenLand

  19. Sustainable Land Lab Tour | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With LivermoreSustainable Land Lab Tour Sustainable Land Lab Tour PARC

  20. Spatial pattern and temporal dynamics of northern bobwhite abundance and agricultural landuse, and potential casual factors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okay, Atiye Zeynep

    2006-04-12

    recognizable periods in the spatial and temporal dynamics of NBW abundance between 1920 and 1990. Severe weather conditions and habitat loss due to land use change appeared to be the most important factors influencing the long-term trends and spatial patterns...

  1. Floating Offshore Wind Turbine Dynamics: Large-Angle Motions in Euler-Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweetman, Bert

    Floating Offshore Wind Turbine Dynamics: Large-Angle Motions in Euler-Space Bert Sweetman Texas A offshore wind turbines beyond sight of land, where waters tend to be deeper, and use of floating structures&M University Lei Wang Texas A&M University Abstract: Floating structures have been proposed to support offshore

  2. Holocene vegetation and fire dynamics in the supra-mediterranean belt of the Nebrodi Mountains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bern, Universität

    Holocene vegetation and fire dynamics in the supra-mediterranean belt of the Nebrodi Mountains, a small lake in the supra-mediterranean belt in the Nebrodi Mountains of Sicily (Italy). The data suggest from Sicily. In the thermo-mediterranean belt (i.e. broadleaved evergreen wood- lands

  3. Temporal dynamics of blue and green virtual water trade networks N. Hanasaki,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konar, Megan

    is predominantly rain-fed (i.e., produced using ``green'' water). Approximately 60%­70% of the global food supply is produced on rain-fed lands [Falkenmark and Rockstrom, 2004]. Green water supplies remain important evenTemporal dynamics of blue and green virtual water trade networks M. Konar,1 C. Dalin,1 N. Hanasaki

  4. New Technologies to Reclaim Arid Lands User's Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W. K. Ostler

    2002-10-01

    Approximately 70 percent of all U.S. military training lands are located in arid and semi-arid areas. Training activities in such areas frequently adversely affect vegetation, damaging plants and reducing the resilience of vegetation to recover once disturbed. Fugitive dust resulting from a loss of vegetation creates additional problems for human health, increasing accidents due to decreased visibility, and increasing maintenance costs for roads, vehicles, and equipment. Under conventional technologies to mitigate these impacts, it is estimated that up to 35 percent of revegetation projects in arid areas will fail due to unpredictable natural environmental conditions, such as drought, and reclamation techniques that were inadequate to restore vegetative cover in a timely and cost-effective manner. New reclamation and restoration techniques are needed in desert ranges to help mitigate the adverse effects of military training and other activities to arid-land environments. In 1999, a cooperative effort between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the US. Department of Defense (DoD), and selected university scientists was undertaken to focus on mitigating military impacts in arid lands. As arid lands are impacted due to DoD and DOE activities, biological and soil resources are gradually lost and the habitat is altered. A conceptual model of that change in habitat quality is described for varying levels of disturbance in the Mojave Desert. As the habitat quality degrades and more biological and physical resources are lost from training areas, greater costs are required to return the land to sustainable levels. The purpose of this manual is to assist land managers in recognizing thresholds associated with habitat degradation and provide reclamation planning and techniques that can reduce the costs of mitigation for these impacted lands to ensure sustainable use of these lands. The importance of reclamation planning is described in this manual with suggestions about establishing project objectives, scheduling, budgeting, and selecting cost-effective techniques. Reclamation techniques include sections describing: (1) erosion control (physical, chemical, and biological), (2) site preparation, (3) soil amendments, (4) seeding, (5) planting, (6) grazing and weed control, (7) mulching, (8) irrigation, and (9) site protection. Each section states the objectives of the technique, the principles, an in-depth look at the techniques, and any special considerations as it relates to DoD or DOE lands. The need for monitoring and remediation is described to guide users in monitoring reclamation efforts to evaluate their cost-effectiveness. Costs are provided for the proposed techniques for the major deserts of the southwestern U.S. showing the average and range of costs. A set of decision tools are provided in the form of a flow diagram and table to guide users in selecting effective reclamation techniques to achieve mitigation objectives. Recommendations are provided to help summarize key reclamation principles and to assist users in developing a successful program that contributes to sustainable uses of DoD and DOE lands. The users manual is helpful to managers in communicating to installation management the needs and consequences of training decisions and the costs required to achieve successful levels of sustainable use. This users manual focuses on the development of new reclamation techniques that have been implemented at the National Training Center at Fort Irwin, California, and are applicable to most arid land reclamation efforts.

  5. LANDS WITH WILDERNESS CHARACTERISTICS, RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PLAN CONSTRAINTS, AND LAND EXCHANGES: CROSS-JURISDICTIONAL MANAGEMENT AND IMPACTS ON UNCONVENTIONAL FUEL DEVELOPMENT IN UTAH’S UINTA BASIN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keiter, Robert; Ruple, John; Holt, Rebecca; Tanana, Heather; McNeally, Phoebe; Tribby, Clavin

    2012-10-01

    Utah is rich in oil shale and oil sands resources. Chief among the challenges facing prospective unconventional fuel developers is the ability to access these resources. Access is heavily dependent upon land ownership and applicable management requirements. Understanding constraints on resource access and the prospect of consolidating resource holdings across a fragmented management landscape is critical to understanding the role Utah’s unconventional fuel resources may play in our nation’s energy policy. This Topical Report explains the historic roots of the “crazy quilt” of western land ownership, how current controversies over management of federal public land with wilderness character could impact access to unconventional fuels resources, and how land exchanges could improve management efficiency. Upon admission to the Union, the State of Utah received the right to title to more than one-ninth of all land within the newly formed state. This land is held in trust to support public schools and institutions, and is managed to generate revenue for trust beneficiaries. State trust lands are scattered across the state in mostly discontinuous 640-acre parcels, many of which are surrounded by federal land and too small to develop on their own. Where state trust lands are developable but surrounded by federal land, federal land management objectives can complicate state trust land development. The difficulty generating revenue from state trust lands can frustrate state and local government officials as well as citizens advocating for economic development. Likewise, the prospect of industrial development of inholdings within prized conservation landscapes creates management challenges for federal agencies. One major tension involves whether certain federal public lands possess wilderness character, and if so, whether management of those lands should emphasize wilderness values over other uses. On December 22, 2010, Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar issued Secretarial Order 3310, Protecting Wilderness Characteristics on Lands Managed by the Bureau of Land Management. Supporters argue that the Order merely provides guidance regarding implementation of existing legal obligations without creating new rights or duties. Opponents describe Order 3310 as subverting congressional authority to designate Wilderness Areas and as closing millions of acres of public lands to energy development and commodity production. While opponents succeeded in temporarily defunding the Order’s implementation and forcing the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to adopt a more collaborative approach, the fundamental questions remain: Which federal public lands possess wilderness characteristics and how should those lands be managed? The closely related question is: How might management of such resources impact unconventional fuel development within Utah? These questions remain pressing independent of the Order because the BLM, which manages the majority of federal land in Utah, is statutorily obligated to maintain an up-to-date inventory of federal public lands and the resources they contain, including lands with wilderness characteristics. The BLM is also legally obligated to develop and periodically update land use plans, relying on information obtained in its public lands inventory. The BLM cannot sidestep these hard choices, and failure to consider wilderness characteristics during the planning process will derail the planning effort. Based on an analysis of the most recent inventory data, lands with wilderness characteristics — whether already subject to mandatory protection under the Wilderness Act, subject to discretionary protections as part of BLM Resource Management Plan revisions, or potentially subject to new protections under Order 3310 — are unlikely to profoundly impact oil shale development within Utah’s Uinta Basin. Lands with wilderness characteristics are likely to v have a greater impact on oil sands resources, particularly those resources found in the southern part of the state. Management requirements independent of l

  6. Meta-analysis of high-latitude nitrogen-addition and warming studies imply ecological mechanisms overlooked by land models

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bouskill, N. J.; Riley, W. J.; Tang, J.

    2014-08-18

    Accurate representation of ecosystem processes in land models is crucial for reducing predictive uncertainty in energy and greenhouse gas feedbacks with the atmosphere. Here we describe an observational and modeling meta-analysis approach to benchmark land models, and apply the method to the land model CLM4.5 with two versions of belowground biogeochemistry. We focused our analysis on the above and belowground high-latitude ecosystem responses to warming and nitrogen addition, and identified mechanisms absent, or poorly parameterized in CLM4.5. While the two model versions predicted similar trajectories for soil carbon stocks following both types of perturbation, other variables (e.g., belowground respiration) differedmore »from the observations in both magnitude and direction, indicating the underlying mechanisms are inadequate for representing high-latitude ecosystems. The observational synthesis attribute these differences to missing representations of microbial dynamics, characterization of above and belowground functional processes, and nutrient competition. We use the observational meta-analyses to discuss potential approaches to improving the current models (e.g., the inclusion of dynamic vegetation or different microbial functional guilds), however, we also raise a cautionary note on the selection of data sets and experiments to be included in a meta-analysis. For example, the concentrations of nitrogen applied in the synthesized field experiments (average =72 kg ha-1 yr-1) are many times higher than projected soil nitrogen concentrations (from nitrogen deposition and release during mineralization), which preclude a rigorous evaluation of the model responses to nitrogen perturbation. Overall, we demonstrate here that elucidating ecological mechanisms via meta-analysis can identify deficiencies in both ecosystem models and empirical experiments.« less

  7. Analysis of Land Suitable for Algae State of Hawaii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analysis of Land Suitable for Algae Production State of Hawaii Prepared by Mele Chillingworth Scott of Hawaii at Manoa August 2011 #12;i Executive Summary Algae are considered to be a viable crop for biofuel for biofuels has increased interest in growing algae in Hawaii for biofuels. An analysis of algae production

  8. Information Analysis of a Spatial Database for Ecological Land classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dozier, Jeff

    Information Analysis of a Spatial Database for Ecological Land classification Frank W. Davis:An ecologicalland classification was developed for a complex region in southern California using geographic. The analysis was weakened by map errors, especially errors in the digital elevation data. Nevertheless

  9. Environment and Land Use Committee Minutes of Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable Development Action Plan #12;2 There was discussion about the need to move forward with Sustainable Committee" to the "Sustainable Development and Land Use Committee" which is in keeping with today for Sustainable Development: Michel Caron read from the Sustainable Development Action Plan prepared by Benoit

  10. Adventures in Vectorizing the Community Land Model Forrest M. Hoffman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Forrest M.

    Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI) James B. White III, Patrick Worley, and John Drake Oak Ridge) on the IBM Power4, the Earth Simulator, and the Cray X1 are compared. #12;1 Introduction The Community Land-based scalar multi-processor computer platforms and re- sulted in code which would not vectorize. The avail

  11. Neutrino geophysics with KamLAND and future prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Enomoto; E. Ohtani; K. Inoue; A. Suzuki

    2005-10-20

    The Kamioka liquid scintillator anti-neutrino detector (KamLAND) is a low-energy and low-background neutrino detector which could be a useful probe for determining the U and Th abundances of the Earth. We constructed a model of the Earth in order to evaluate the rate of geologically produced anti-neutrinos (geo-neutrinos) detectable by KamLAND. We found that KamLAND can be used to determine the absolute abundances of U and Th in the Earth with an accuracy sufficient for placing important constraints on Earth's accretional process and succeeding thermal history. The present observation of geo-neutrinos with KamLAND is consistent with our model prediction based on the bulk silicate Earth (BSE) composition within the uncertainty of the measurement. If a neutrino detector were to be built in Hawaii, where effects of the continental crust would be negligible, it could be used to estimate the U and Th content in the lower mantle and the core. Our calculation of the geo-neutrino event rate on the Earth's surface indicates that geo-neutrino observation can provide key information for testing the current models for the content and distribution of U and Th in the Earth.

  12. Predicting Ground Water Nitrate Concentration from Land Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vogel, Richard M.

    to assess the effects of land use on ground water quality. Exploratory data analysis was applied to historic-foot radius of a well are reliable predictors of nitrate concentration in ground water. Similarly with highly permeable materials to evaluate potential effects of development on ground water quality

  13. MAPPING HIGH-RESOLUTION LAND SURFACE RADIATIVE FLUXES FROM MODIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Shunlin

    Chapter 6 MAPPING HIGH-RESOLUTION LAND SURFACE RADIATIVE FLUXES FROM MODIS: ALGORITHMS.1007/978-1-4419-0050-0_6, #12;142 Mapping Radiative Fluxes There are several global radiative flux data sets derived from either. For example, the CERES team uses the predefined albedo and emissivity maps to calculate surface radiative

  14. Analysis of Land Suitable for Algae State of Hawaii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analysis of Land Suitable for Algae Production State of Hawaii Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Under Award No. DE-FC26-06NT42847 Hawai`i on Bioenergy Analyses By the Hawai`i Natural Energy Institute School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology

  15. GIS IN LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Distance Education Section

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    1 GIS IN LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SWS 5721C Distance Education Section [GIS: Geographic Information, reading material, library of GIS video clips, and GIS resources) Email and discussion board are used communication): Chat sessions: Thursday 8-9 p.m. US Eastern Time. A virtual computer lab is used for GIS

  16. GIS IN LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT On-Campus Section

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    1 GIS IN LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SWS 5721C On-Campus Section [GIS: Geographic Information System Power Point slides with audio recording, reading material, library of GIS video clips, and GIS resources for GIS assignments and project. Students are not required to purchase GIS software. The virtual computer

  17. MICROSIMULATION OF RESIDENTIAL LAND DEVELOPMENT AND HOUSEHOLD LOCATION CHOICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    maximization and bid-rent theory, this paper investigates single-family residential location choices of new distribution). On the demand side, individual households (characterized by size, income, and presence and land owners maximize profits and/or rents. The simulation analysis offers insights into key features

  18. The Un-Quantifiable Values of Conservation Lands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demers, Nora Egan

    The Un-Quantifiable Values of Conservation Lands Win Everham Marine and Ecological Sciences Florida there are no values that are not economic (i.e it's the economy stupid!) #12;An economist "knows the price inappropriate #12;An economist "knows the price of everything and the value of nothing" "there is more

  19. Understanding Participation in Wildlife Conservation Programs on Private Lands 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorice, Michael G.

    2010-01-14

    One major lesson derived from the implementation of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) over the past 30 years is that direct regulation is not the only nor the optimal way to protect endangered species on working lands because of an undue burden...

  20. CHAPTER ELEVEN The microbial ecology of land and water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Ian

    CHAPTER ELEVEN The microbial ecology of land and water contaminated with radioactive waste: towards the development of bioremediation options for the nuclear industry A N D R E A G E I S S L E R , S O N J A S E L E via a number of mechanisms which are potentially useful for scalable, cost-effective bioremediation

  1. 22 WHOI 1999 Annual Report Landing Marine Laboratory) pur-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buesseler, Ken

    fertilization as a proxy for car- bon export from the surface to the deep sea. Thorium is a naturally oc and a chemical drawdown of carbon di- oxide in the water column. But what was the fate of this car- bon? We know- lations. In the 1980s, the late John Martin (Moss Landing Marine Labo- ratory) advanced the idea that car

  2. Bishop's University Minutes Sustainable Development & Land Use Committee Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bishop's University Minutes Sustainable Development & Land Use Committee Meeting Meeting held called: Sustainable development residence challenge to compete to reduce the Residence's ecological foot the momentum gained by the committee up to now. The SD&LU is a student driven committee and sustainability

  3. Sustainable Development and Land Use Committee Minutes of Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Sustainable Development and Land Use Committee Minutes of Meeting 10 March 2008 7:00 p.m. - 9 will coordinate with a student the Sustainable Development Audit before Dr. Bardati leaves Bishop's University. Motion: Proceed with the Sustainable Development Audit in accordance with the CREPUQ guidelines. Proposed

  4. What's Happening in the Texas Farm and Ranch Land Market. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, F. B.; Wooten, A. B.

    1965-01-01

    by sales from Blanco and Gillespie counties only. The large amount of lower-priced range land in Sutton County probably is responsible for the decline in the 1960 price. Considering Blanco and (,illespie counties onlv, the average price for 1960 would...

  5. Electrochromic Window Demonstration- Donna Land Port of Entry

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Donna Project Plan: Electrochrome Window Demonstration Measurement and Verification Report This report details the measurement and verification tools and methods used to evaluate the effectiveness of electrochromic windows at the Donna Land Port of Entry, an international border crossing between the United States and Mexico located in Texas.

  6. Afforestation in China cools local land surface temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    Afforestation in China cools local land surface temperature Shu-Shi Penga , Shilong Piaoa,b,1) and to increase nighttime LST by about 0.2 ± 0.5 °C, on aver- age. The observed daytime cooling is a result of increased evapo- transpiration. The nighttime warming is found to increase with latitude and decrease

  7. Reduction of tropical land region precipitation variability via transpiration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gentine, Pierre

    plants through open stomata: this process (transpiration) cools the plant and facilitates transportReduction of tropical land region precipitation variability via transpiration Jung-Eun Lee,1 in observations and models. In the present study, the potential role of transpiration for this difference

  8. Land Use Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Conventional Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turetsky, Merritt

    Land Use Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Conventional Oil Production and Oil Sands S O N I A Y E H received September 12, 2010. Accepted September 14, 2010. Debates surrounding the greenhouse gas (GHG emissions of California crude and in situ oil sands production (

  9. Categorization of Display Ads using Image and Landing Page Features

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Categorization of Display Ads using Image and Landing Page Features Andrew Kae Department the problem of automatically categorizing display ad images into a taxonomy of relevant interest categories. In particu- lar, we focus on the efficacy of using image features extracted by OCR techniques from the ad

  10. A Methodology for Decisionmaking in Project Evaluation in Land

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Methodology for Decisionmaking in Project Evaluation in Land Management Planning A. Weintraub Abstract: In order to evaluate alternative plans, wildland management planners must consider many the evaluation of plans under alternative value systems. Alternatives are compared through a small set of values

  11. forEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands Guide to Sampling Soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    forEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands Guide to Sampling Soil Compaction Using Hand-Held Soil Fort Collins, CO 80523-1490 January 2004 #12;#12;1 Guide to Sampling Soil Compaction Using Hand-Held Soil Penetrometers1 Prepared by Dave Jones and Matt Kunze Center for Environmental Management

  12. LAND ADMINISTRATION AND POST-CONFLICT STATE BUILDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the factors Broad factors: social, economic and political discrimination Other factors: Ethnic envy Struggle for political and economic control, etc. Causes of conflicts are not because land itself Sociologists definition of conflicts: social situation in which a minimum of two actors (parties) strive

  13. Employment and land-use impacts of resource program elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shankle, S A; Baechler, M C; Blondin, D W; Grover, S E

    1992-03-01

    The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) evaluated several power resource alternatives under consideration by the Bonneville Power Administration in its Resource Program Environmental Impact Statement (RPEIS). The purpose of this evaluation was to determine the potential impacts of each alternative in terms of land use and employment. We reviewed the literature that describes land-use and employment impacts to derive estimates of each type of effect. These estimates were scaled to a per-megawatt basis for use as multipliers in the RPEIS analysis. Multipliers for employment were taken from the literature and developed from power plant capital cost estimates. Land-use multipliers were taken from the literature or estimated from existing plants. In this report we compared information sources and estimates to develop the most applicable multipliers. Employment levels required (in terms of employee years per MW of plant capacity) for the construction and operation phases of each energy-generating resource alternative analyzed are shown. The amounts of land required (in terms of acres per MW capacity) for the construction and operation phases of each energy-generating resource alternatives analyzed are also shown.

  14. Land, Food & Community III LFS 450 -W2009 Term 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Land, Food & Community III LFS 450 - W2009 Term 2 Wednesdays 2:00-5:00 pm Classrooms: MCML 166-822-9607 UBC Food System Project Coordinator Sophia Baker-French sophiabakerfrench@yahoo.com Teaching Office, Campus and Community Planning Additional Resource Persons: Art Bomke, Agroecology, Food

  15. Land reform, regional planning and socioeconomic development in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Souza, Saulo

    2011-01-11

    : i) The scope for plan-led strategies towards sustainable development in the countryside has been given less than sufficient emphasis in the land reform literature; ii) There is not clear evidence that the market-based approach leads to higher...

  16. DECEMBER 2005|1738 Coupling between Land Ecosystems and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Litvak, Marcy

    Biogenic Aerosol Pathways BY MARY BARTH, JOSEPH P. MCFADDEN, JIELUN SUN, CHRISTINE WIEDINMYER, PATRICK to Earth, in turn, affects many of the key properties of the land surface. Terrestrial ecosystems also incorporated into quantitative numerical models describing the interac- tions between the terrestrial

  17. LAND MINE DETECTION IN BARE SOILS USING THERMAL INFRARED SENSORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Brian

    LAND MINE DETECTION IN BARE SOILS USING THERMAL INFRARED SENSORS Sung-ho Hong, Timothy W. Miller, The Netherlands. lensen@fel.tno.nl ABSTRACT Soil surface temperatures not only exhibit daily and annual cycles of soil surface temperatures, it will be difficult to determine what times of day are most suitable

  18. Probability distributions of land surface wind speeds over North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Aiguo

    Probability distributions of land surface wind speeds over North America Yanping He,1 Adam Hugh of the probability distributions of surface wind speeds (SWS) is essential for surface flux estimation, wind power estimation, and wind risk assessments. The two-parameter Weibull distribution is the most widely used

  19. REVIEW PAPER Watershed land use as a determinant of metal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazumder, Asit

    REVIEW PAPER Watershed land use as a determinant of metal concentrations in freshwater systems- lating concentrations and behavior of metals in freshwater systems. Results from the review suggest metal­DOM­pH interactions) affect the metal concentrations in freshwater systems. Among the watershed

  20. URBAN/INDUSTRIAL LAND PRIVATIZATION The Republic of Georgia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Onsrud, Harlan J.

    's economic transformation to a market economy. This is also true of Georgia. By securing title to their land reviewed overall market reform prospects in the Republic of Georgia. The findings indicate that Georgia's market reform lags behind several other New Independent State (NIS) countries. This is largely due

  1. ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML@cemml.colostate.edu | http://www.cemml.colostate.edu Environmental compliance and pollution prevention are critical aspects of any successful environmental program. The Center provides technical support in these key areas. CEMML

  2. Linking Oil Prices, Gas Prices, Economy, Transport, and Land Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Linking Oil Prices, Gas Prices, Economy, Transport, and Land Use A Review of Empirical Findings/Fuel Price Travel Cost Macro-Economy Passenger: VMT or VKT Freight: Ton-Mile or Ton-KM Passenger Mode-run Short and Long-run #12;Topics covered by this presentation: Oil price and macro-economy Gas price

  3. FLORISTICS LABORATORY CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -1961) Effective management of natural resources requires basic knowledge of the components of an ecosystem of the defense job is protecting the land, waters, and wildlife the priceless natural resources that make identication by natural resources staff and field crews. The Center propagates rare plants for population

  4. Sustainable bioenergy production from marginal lands in the US Midwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelfand, Ilya; Sahajpal, Ritvik; Zhang, Xuesong; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Gross, Katherine L.; Robertson, G. P.

    2013-01-24

    Long-term measurements of global warming impact coupled with spatially explicit modeling suggests that both climate benefits and the production potential of cellulosic crops grown on marginal lands of the US North Central region are substantial but will be insufficient to meet long-term biofuel needs.

  5. Land Use Policy 22 (2005) 103114 Policy impact on desertification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oñate, Juan J.

    2005-01-01

    Land Use Policy 22 (2005) 103­114 Policy impact on desertification: stakeholders' perceptions) as one of the most severe cases of desertification in Europe: (1) expansion of highly productive the issue of desertification. Given this experience, it is estimated that only strict environmental policy

  6. Phoenix Landing Mission to the Martian Polar North

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kounaves, Samuel P.

    Phoenix Landing Mission to the Martian Polar North Press Kit/MAY 2008 #12;#12;Media Contacts Dwayne Phoenix Mars Lander Mission 818-354-5011 Jet Propulsion Laboratory guy.webster@jpl.nasa.gov Pasadena Channel, access to NASA TV's Public Channel on the Web and a schedule of programming for Phoenix Mars

  7. Radio tracking of Phoenix during its landing on Mars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Withers, Paul

    Radio tracking of Phoenix during its landing on Mars Paul Withers Center for Space Physics, Boston University (withers@bu.edu) MEX/VEX Radio Science Meeting 2010.03.18-19 Bonn, Germany #12;Phoenix atmospheric for a-aero using known quantities Re-arrange: #12;Next steps · Find f(t) for Phoenix direct

  8. Manual of Best Management Practices for Land Application of Biosolids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    as "wastewater solids" or "sewage sludge" as a fertilizer. Through decades of research, the scientific is not raw sewage or sewage sludge. According to federal regulations, only sewage sludge that is treated "biosolids"1. Nationwide, most (~55%) of the 7.18 million U. S. dry tons of sewage sludge produced is land

  9. Biomechanics and Control of Landing in Toads Gary Gillis,1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azizi, Manny

    Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA From the symposium ``Terrestrial Locomotion landing behavior. Introduction Terrestrial locomotion requires organisms to transi- tion from periods of stance is charac- terized by increases in kinetic and potential energy as the body re

  10. Modeling the interaction between land surface and groundwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    Modeling the interaction between land surface and groundwater Geng-Xin Ou Xun-Hong Chen School-ground water models Irrigation efficiency Materials and methods Development of SGWM #12;Background Groundwater in Nebraska. #12;Background Groundwater in Nebraska. decline 100 ft by 1980, 40 ft by 1999; 87% population

  11. Bioenergy to Biodiversity: Downscaling scenarios of land use change 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacKenzie, Ian

    2009-11-26

    Bioenergy crops are a key component of Scotland’s strategy to meet 2050 carbon emissions targets. The introduction of these crops could have large scale impacts on the biodiversity of lowland farmland. These impacts depend on the change in land use...

  12. Attributing land-use change carbon emissions to exported biomass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saikku, Laura, E-mail: laura.saikku@helsinki.fi [University of Helsinki, P.O Box 65, 00014 University of Helsinki (Finland); Soimakallio, Sampo, E-mail: sampo.soimakallio@vtt.fi [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O. Box 1000, 02044 VTT (Finland); Pingoud, Kim, E-mail: kim.pingoud@vtt.fi [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O. Box 1000, 02044 VTT (Finland)

    2012-11-15

    In this study, a simple, transparent and robust method is developed in which land-use change (LUC) emissions are retrospectively attributed to exported biomass products based on the agricultural area occupied for the production. LUC emissions account for approximately one-fifth of current greenhouse gas emissions. Increasing agricultural exports are becoming an important driver of deforestation. Brazil and Indonesia are used as case studies due to their significant deforestation in recent years. According to our study, in 2007, approximately 32% and 15% of the total agricultural land harvested and LUC emissions in Brazil and Indonesia respectively were due to exports. The most important exported single items with regard to deforestation were palm oil for Indonesia and bovine meat for Brazil. To reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions effectively worldwide, leakage of emissions should be avoided. This can be done, for example, by attributing embodied LUC emissions to exported biomass products. With the approach developed in this study, controversial attribution between direct and indirect LUC and amortization of emissions over the product life cycle can be overcome, as the method operates on an average basis and annual level. The approach could be considered in the context of the UNFCCC climate policy instead of, or alongside with, other instruments aimed at reducing deforestation. However, the quality of the data should be improved and some methodological issues, such as the allocation procedure in multiproduct systems and the possible dilution effect through third parties not committed to emission reduction targets, should be considered. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer CO{sub 2} emissions from land use changes are highly important. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Attribution of land use changes for products is difficult. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Simple and robust method is developed to attribute land use change emissions.

  13. The glacier and land ice surface topography interferometer: An airborne proof-of-concept demonstration of high-precision Ka-band single-pass elevation mapping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    and Land Ice Surface Topography Interferometer (GLISTIN): AAND LAND ICE SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY INTERFEROMETER application,”AND LAND ICE SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY INTERFEROMETER Fig. 2.

  14. Streptophyte Algae and the Origin of Land Plants Revisited Using Heterogeneous Models with Three New Algal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Charles

    Letter Streptophyte Algae and the Origin of Land Plants Revisited Using Heterogeneous Models algae, but different lineages of streptophytes have been suggested to be the sister group of land plants chloroplast genomes from streptophyte algae: Coleochaetae orbicularis (Coleochaetales), Nitella hookeri

  15. SPECIAL REPORT 298: EFFECTS OF LAND DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS ON MOTORIZED TRAVEL, ENERGY, AND CO2 EMISSIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    SPECIAL REPORT 298: EFFECTS OF LAND DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS ON MOTORIZED TRAVEL, ENERGY, AND CO2 land use changes, biofuels (especially advanced biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol) are a good

  16. GIZ Sourcebook Module 2a: Land Use Planning and Urban Transport...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GIZ Sourcebook Module 2a: Land Use Planning and Urban Transport (Espaol) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: GIZ Sourcebook Module 2a: Land Use Planning...

  17. Attoyac Bayou GIS Inventory, Source Survey and Land Use Cover Report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boitnott, N.; Castilaw, A.; Gregory, L.; Wagner, K.

    2014-01-01

    will be developed and will integrate numerous existing information resources into a single location. Generally, the GIS will illustrate waterbodies, roadways, permitted point-source dischargers, and other points of concern. Additionally, current land use/land cover...

  18. Governing urban land : the political economy of the ULCRA in Mumbai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqi, Faizan Jawed

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis, I look at the political economy of the Urban Land (Ceiling and Regulation) Act (ULCRA) in Mumbai, India. Enacted in 1976, the stated aim of this legislation was to prevent speculation in the urban land ...

  19. Development of a total landed cost and risk analysis model for global strategic sourcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feller, Brian (Brian C.)

    2008-01-01

    Total landed cost and supply chain risk analysis are methods that many companies use to assess strategic sourcing decisions. For this project, landed cost is defined as those costs associated with material movement from a ...

  20. Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversity assessments of land use: Part 1: Inventory modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geyer, Roland; Stoms, David M.; Lindner, Jan P.; Davis, Frank W.; Wittstock, Bastian

    2010-01-01

    scenarios were developed with GIS modeling. Current land use0170-9 LAND USE IN LCA Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversityGeographic information systems (GIS) are adept at modeling

  1. Integrating the principles of strategic environmental assessment into local comprehensive land use plans in California 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Zhenghong

    2009-05-15

    of integrating strategic environmental assessment into local comprehensive land use plans. A random sample of 40 California local comprehensive land use plans and associated planning processes is evaluated based on this plan quality evaluation protocol...

  2. The gift of good, vacant land : urban agriculture and redevelopment in the city of Baltimore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Andrew (Andrew John)

    2014-01-01

    Urban agriculture in US cities has historically been treated as an interim land use, deemed only appropriate when real estate markets do not support the development of vacant land. However, urban agriculture in the 21st ...

  3. Impacts of Land Use and Biofuels Policy on Climate: Temperature and Localized Impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hallgren, Willow

    2012-08-06

    The impact on climate of future land use and energy policy scenarios is explored using two landuse frameworks: (i) Pure Cost Conversion Response (PCCR), or 'extensification', where the price of land is the only constraint ...

  4. Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversity assessments of land use: Part 1: Inventory modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geyer, Roland; Stoms, David M.; Lindner, Jan P.; Davis, Frank W.; Wittstock, Bastian

    2010-01-01

    467 DOI 10.1007/s11367-010-0170-9 LAND USE IN LCA CouplingGIS and LCA for biodiversity assessments of land use Part 1:while life cycle assessment (LCA) does not conventionally

  5. Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversity assessments of land use: Part 2: Impact assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geyer, Roland; Lindner, Jan P.; Stoms, David M.; Davis, Frank W.; Wittstock, Bastian

    2010-01-01

    in life cycle assessment (LCA). Some production processes,support impacts of land use in LCA. J Clean Prod 8(4):313–010-0199-9 LAND USE IN LCA Coupling GIS and LCA for

  6. A Global Land System Framework for Integrated Climate-Change Assessments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlosser, C. Adam

    Land ecosystems play a major role in the global cycles of energy, water, carbon and nutrients. A Global Land System (GLS) framework has been developed for the Integrated Global Systems Model Version 2 (IGSM2) to simulate ...

  7. Page 1 of 10 SWS 5234: ENVIRONMENTAL SOIL, WATER, AND LAND USE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    Page 1 of 10 SWS 5234: ENVIRONMENTAL SOIL, WATER, AND LAND USE: SYLLABUS AND SCHEDULE 2012 Table of Contents SWS 5234: Environmental Soil, Water, and Land Use: Syllabus and Schedule 2012 ........... 1: .................................................................................................................... 3 DISTANCE EDUCATION PARTICIPATION

  8. Hydrogeologic Assessment of the 4-S Land and Cattle Company Ranch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, Nigel W.T.

    2006-01-01

    Assessment of the 4-S Land and Cattle Company Ranch Preparedof the 4-S Land and Cattle Company (4-S Ranch) was conductedirrigated pasture for beef cattle by an active program of

  9. Refugee Reintegration in Rural Areas: Land Distribution in Ban Pha Thao, Lao PDR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballard, Brett M.

    The successful reintegration of refugee groups in rural areas often depends on people’s access to and control over productive land resources. The acquisition of land and the preservation of secure use rights depend on ...

  10. Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 cemml@cemml.colostate.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and frequency · Woody plant density and basal area · Plant productivity · Disturbance and land uses, disturbance, soil erosion, and wildlife on military installations as part of the Land Condition-Trend Analysis

  11. Hydro-Ecologic Responses to Land Use in Small Urbanizing Watersheds Within the Chesapeake Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruner, Daniel S.

    Hydro-Ecologic Responses to Land Use in Small Urbanizing Watersheds Within the Chesapeake Bay. The consequences for both the hydrology and 41 #12;42 HYDRO-ECOLOGIC RESPONSES TO LAND USE IN SMALL URBANIZING

  12. Identifying mistakes to discipline a New State : the rectification campaigns in China's land reform, 1946-1952

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Jiangsui

    2008-01-01

    de tudi gaige [The land reform during the war of liberation,Projects…………………………………..84 Chapter Three Land Reform andMistakes: Land Reform in Xigou………………………………87 I. Xigou and

  13. United States- Land Based and Offshore Annual Average Wind Speed at 100 Meters

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Full-size, high resolution version of the 100-meter land-based and offshore wind speed resource map.

  14. Water balance in the amazon basin from a land surface model ensemble

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    land surface and Earth system models. J. Hydro- meteor. ,of the Community Earth System Model (CESM; Vertenstein et

  15. MODIS Collection 5 global land cover: Algorithm refinements and characterization of new datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    information is required to parameterize land surface processes in regional-to-global scale Earth system models

  16. Carbon Accounting and Economic Model Uncertainty of Emissions from Biofuels-Induced Land Use Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plevin, Richard J; Beckman, Jayson; Golub, Alla A; Witcover, Julie; O'??Hare, Michael

    2015-01-01

    distributions for soybean biodiesel (food fixed) . . . . . .distributions for soybean biodiesel (food not fixed) . . .land use from expanded biodiesel production. Technical

  17. Land Tenure History and Issues in the Republic of Korea Justin Maloney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Onsrud, Harlan J.

    agrarian, with a feudal land system. Peasant unrest over land rights and high rents was common, and many, but remained a feudal system. Following World War II, the country was split into North and South, with both a feudal land tenure system to a modern open-market system and the large- scale industrialization

  18. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Land-Contamination Compensation for QuikSCAT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Land-Contamination Compensation for Quik) resolutions. In near-coastal regions, land contamination of measurements results in inaccurate wind estimates using current techniques. Here, we show that identifying land-contaminated measurements allows wind

  19. Passive Viscoelastic Constrained Layer Damping Application for a Small Aircraft Landing Gear System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kochersberger, Kevin

    Passive Viscoelastic Constrained Layer Damping Application for a Small Aircraft Landing Gear System. Ferris 9/30/2008 Blacksburg, VA Keywords: Viscoelastic, Damping, Loss Factor, Landing Gear, Aircraft #12;Passive Viscoelastic Constrained Layer Damping Application for a Small Aircraft Landing Gear System

  20. The Landing Gear Case Study in Hybrid Event-B Richard Banach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banach, Richard

    The Landing Gear Case Study in Hybrid Event-B Richard Banach School of Computer Science, University on a set of aircraft landing gear is ex- amined in Hybrid Event-B (an extension of Event-B that includes of novel coordination mechanisms. 1 Introduction This paper reports on a treatment of the landing gear case