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1

Bons Ventos Geradora de Energia S A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bons Ventos Geradora de Energia S A Bons Ventos Geradora de Energia S A Jump to: navigation, search Name Bons Ventos Geradora de Energia S.A. Place Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil Sector Wind energy Product Brazilian-based wind project developer, subsidiary of Grupo Servtec. Coordinates -3.718404°, -38.542924° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-3.718404,"lon":-38.542924,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

2

Bon Homme County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bon Homme County, South Dakota: Energy Resources Bon Homme County, South Dakota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 42.9814835°, -97.87216° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.9814835,"lon":-97.87216,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

3

Bon Bibliography : An Annotated List of Recent Publications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Bel-gtam Nyan-pai Bskul-ma. Bgres-poi Bel-gtam, issue 1 (2001), pp. 73-74. Poetry. Bon Bibliography 65 CHOS-NGAG Stod Mnga-ris-kyi Dgon-sdei Lo-rgyus Dag-gsal Mthong-bai Me-long, Bod-ljongs Mi-dmangs Dpe-skrun-khang (Lhasa 1999). This book... -bai Bca-yig Pad-dkar Chun Pheng. Contained in: Bca-yig Phyogs-bsgrigs [Bod Sa-gnas-kyi Lo-rgyus Dpe-tshogs Bca-yig Phyogs-bsgrigs], Bod-ljongs Mi-dmangs Dpe-skrun- khang (Lhasa 2001), pp. 504-507. Issued in 1926, this is a charter for the Bon...

Martin, Dan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Yankton El Assn, Inc Yankton El Assn, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Place South Dakota Utility Id 1898 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Coincidental Peak Billing Industrial Demand & Energy Billing 75-350 kva Commercial Farm Single-Phase Residential Interruptible Commercial Irrigation Single-Phase Uncontrolled Industrial Irrigation, Off Season Industrial Irrigation, Single-Phase Controlled Industrial Irrigation, Single-Phase Controlled Pivot Energy Only Commercial

5

Microsoft PowerPoint - UTSRWorkshop-Oct2010-Bons.pptx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DESIGNING TURBINE ENDWALLS DESIGNING TURBINE ENDWALLS DESIGNING TURBINE ENDWALLS DESIGNING TURBINE ENDWALLS FOR DEPOSITION RESISTANCE WITH 1400C COMBUSTOR EXIT TEMPERATURES AND SYNGAS WATER VAPOR LEVELS Ch i S ith B tt B k P h th Sh k Chris Smith, Brett Barker, Prashanth Shankaran Josh Webb, Brian Casaday Dr. Ali Ameri, Dr. Jeffrey Bons "THE" OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY Robert Laycock, Dr. Thomas Fletcher "THE" BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY "THE" BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY (3-year grant awarded Oct 2009) 1 MOTIVATION/NEED * Operational Issues -Fuel flexibility (range of feedstock heat release) y ( g ) -Diluent use (e.g. steam) -Filtration requirements * Technical Challenges - Higher firing temperature I d h t t f ( t dil t) - Increased heat transfer (steam diluent) - Potential for increased levels of airborne contaminants

6

A propos d'un premier inventaire des monasteres bon po du Tibet et de l'Himalaya. Notes de lecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bon po au Gansu (p. 504 et 506) et 10 au Qinghai (p.497-500, de faon plus dtaille). Revue dEtudes Tibtaines44 Bon po, la grande statue de Buddha du Bingling si (Gansu) est celle degShen rab mi bo. Il cite galement des relevs chinois des annes... 'dition de 1982 (Lanzhou,Kan su'u mi rigs dpe skrun khang), le numro de ligne est celui o apparat lenom du monastre ; sa dfinition ou localisation sommaire telle qu'elle peut tredduite des brves mentions du texte ou du contexte ; ventuellement...

Chayet, Anne

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Use of SiBN and SiBON films prepared by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition from borazine as interconnection dielectrics  

SciTech Connect

Thin films of silicon boron nitride (SiBN) of typical composition Si{sub 0.09}B{sub 0.39}N{sub 0.51} and silicon boron oxynitride (SiBON) of typical composition Si{sub 0.16}B{sub 0.29}O{sub 0.41}N{sub 0.14} were prepared by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition and the properties of these films were evaluated with respect to their suitability as interconnection dielectrics in microelectronic fabrication. Films were deposited on 125 mm silicon substrates in a parallel-plate reactor at a substrate temperature of 400 C and a plasma power of 0.5 W/cm{sup 2}. Boron nitride, for comparison of electrical properties, was deposited from borazine (B{sub 3}N{sub 3}H{sub 6}); silicon boron nitride was deposited from borazine, disilane (Si{sub 2}H{sub 6}), and ammonia (NH{sub 3}); silicon boron oxynitride was deposited from borazine, disilane, ammonia, and nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O). Metal-insulator-metal capacitors were fabricated and electrical measurements indicated that all three films had excellent dielectric properties with dielectric constants of 4.1, 4.7, and 3.9 for BN, SiBN, and SiBON, respectively. Tests of conformality indicated that deposition into trenches with an aspect ratio of 4:1 gave conformality greater than 70%. Silicon boron oxynitride was shown to be an excellent barrier to the diffusion of copper. A planar, single level metal-insulator structure was constructed using a SiBN/SiBON insulator with copper metallization.

Kane, W.F.; Cohen, S.A.; Hummel, J.P.; Luther, B. [IBM Research Div., Yorktown Heights, NY (United States). T.J. Watson Research Center; Beach, D.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Chemical and Analytical Sciences Div.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

EIA - Voluntary Reporting of the Greenhouse Gases 2004 - 6. HFCs ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The reductions were accomplished, respectively, by replacing SF 6 with helium in test procedures ...

9

Bon MOT: Innovative Atom Trap Catches Highly Magnetic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of a cloud of erbium atoms trapped and cooled and a ... all the while extracting energy and cooling them ... only a single laser and can cool erbium atoms ...

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

10

Name that compound: The numbers game for CFCs, HFCs, HCFCs, and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

chemical formula, given the number: first add 90 to the abc number, to obtain a 3-digit def number, where: d is the number of carbon atoms; e is the number of hydrogen atoms; f...

11

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

solvents solvents B-6 Pre-Combustion solvents u.s. DePartment of energy aDvanCeD Carbon DioxiDe CaPture r&D Program: teChnology uPDate, may 2013 Co 2 CaPture from igCC gas streams using aC-abC ProCess primary project goals SRI International is developing, for integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC)-based power plants, a carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture technology based on the use of a high-ca- pacity and low-cost aqueous ammoniated solution containing ammonium carbonate (AC), which reacts with CO 2 to form ammonium bicarbonate (ABC).

12

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

solvents solvents B-198 Post-Combustion solvents u.s. DePartment of energy aDvanCeD Carbon DioxiDe CaPture r&D Program: teChnology uPDate, may 2013 DeveloPment anD Demonstration of Waste heat integration With solvent ProCess for more effiCient Co 2 removal from Coal-fireD flue gas primary project goals Southern Company Services is developing viable heat integration methods for the capture of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) produced from pulverized coal (PC) combustion. The project will quantify energy-efficiency improvements to the CO 2 capture process by utilizing a waste heat recovery technology, High-Efficiency System (HES). technical goals * Reduction of the amount of extraction steam required for sensible heat load in the

13

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sorbents sorbents B-302 Post-Combustion sorbents u.s. DePartment of energy aDvanCeD Carbon DioxiDe CaPture r&D Program: teChnology uPDate, may 2013 benCh-sCale DeveloPment anD testing of raPiD Pressure swing absorPtion for Carbon DioxiDe CaPture primary project goals WR Grace and the University of South Carolina are developing a rapid pressure swing adsorption (PSA) process to evaluate concept cost and performance benefits by testing a bench-scale system using a low-cost, structured adsorbent with low-pressure drop, high mass-transfer rates, high capacity, and high availability that will enable large feed through- puts. technical goals * Develop an attrition-resistant and low-pressure drop structured adsorbent based on a

14

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sorbents sorbents B-14 Pre-Combustion sorbents u.s. DePartment of energy aDvanCeD Carbon DioxiDe CaPture r&D Program: teChnology uPDate, may 2013 aDvanCeD Carbon DioxiDe CaPture teChnology for low-rank Coal integrateD gasifiCation CombineD CyCle (igCC) systems primary project goals TDA will investigate the technical and economic advantages of using an integrated carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) sorbent and water-gas shift (WGS) catalyst system in an integrated gasifi- cation combined cycle (IGCC) power plant, fueled with low-rank coal, and designed to capture more than 90% of the CO 2 emissions. technical goals * TDA will evaluate the physical mix of the sorbent and catalyst pellets within the same

15

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

membranes membranes B-370 Post-Combustion membranes u.s. DePartment of energy aDvanCeD Carbon DioxiDe CaPture r&D Program: teChnology uPDate, may 2013 eleCtroChemiCal membrane for Carbon DioxiDe CaPture & Power generation primary project goals FuelCell Energy, Inc. (FCE) is developing an electrochemical membrane (ECM)-based Combined Electric Power and Carbon Dioxide Separation (CEPACS) system for carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture that also provides additional electrical power generation. The project includes bench-scale testing of an 11.7 m 2 -area ECM (molten carbonate fuel cell) system for CO 2 capture, purification, and compression. technical goals * Perform contaminant effect testing to establish maximum permissible concentrations of

16

Exorcising the Illusion of Bon Shamans: A Critical Genealogy of Shamanism in Tibetan Religions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shamans 11 Tibet while posing as a Buddhist pilgrim.10 Equipped with survey tools anda sextant, with a compass secretly stashed inside his prayer wheel, Dasvisited Tibet twice and managed to reach Lhasa undetected in 1882. Thedisguise worked for a while... state,when it could be labeled as shamanism.Another early pioneer in the study of Tibetan religion, who followed inthe footsteps of Sarat Chandra Das, was a Japanese Buddhist pilgrim andscholar named Ekai Kawaguchi. Like so many other Buddhist...

Bjerken, Zeff

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

URRAQUE, BON AMOUR ET AUTRES PETITS NOMS CHARMANTS (observations littraires et historiques aux strophes 910 949  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ponçoña, o algund adamar,/ mucho la sopo de su seso sacar ». Il n'empêche : il s'agit bien de sorcellerie

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

18

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

using commercial zeolite pellets. Although it could be retrofitted to a coal-fired power plant today, the columns would be exceedingly large and thus capital-intensive. A rapid...

19

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plus models of oxy-combustion coal power plants to simulate the effects of different thermal integration options on power plant efficiency and net power output. technical...

20

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

teChnology uPDate, may 2013 eleCtroChemiCal membrane for Carbon DioxiDe CaPture & Power generation primary project goals FuelCell Energy, Inc. (FCE) is developing an...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydrofluorocar bons hfcs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the development of an advanced chemical looping combustion (CLC) system for coal-fired power generation that removes greater than 90 percent of the carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) with a...

22

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

solvents B-6 Pre-Combustion solvents u.s. DePartment of energy aDvanCeD Carbon DioxiDe CaPture r&D Program: teChnology uPDate, may 2013 Co 2 CaPture from igCC gas streams using...

23

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

B-54 Pre-Combustion membranes u.s. DePartment of energy aDvanCeD Carbon DioxiDe CaPture r&D Program: teChnology uPDate, may 2013 aDvanCeD hyDrogen transPort membranes for Coal...

24

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DioxiDe CaPture teChnology sheets national energy teChnology laboratory aDvanCeD aCiD gas seParation teChnology for the utilization of low-rank Coals primary project goals Air...

25

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

stream consists of K 2 CO 3 salts and biodegradable enzyme, which could be used as compost or boiler fuel. B-214 Post-Combustion solvents u.s. DePartment of energy aDvanCeD...

26

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AdvAnced compression AdvAnced compression B-540 AdvAnced compression U.s. depArtment of energy AdvAnced cArbon dioxide cAptUre r&d progrAm: technology UpdAte, mAy 2013 novel concepts for the compression of lArge volUmes of co 2 primary project goals Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) is developing novel compression technology concepts to reduce carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) compression power requirements by 10% compared to conventional compressor designs. The basic concept is a semi-isothermal compression pro- cess where the CO 2 is continually cooled using an internal cooling jacket rather than using conventional interstage cooling. The project has completed thermodynamic (Phase I) and prototype testing (Phase II). A full-scale demonstration of a multi-stage, internally cooled

27

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS R&D CollaboRations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R&D CollaboRations R&D CollaboRations B-556 R&D CollaboRations U.s. DepaRtment of eneRgy aDvanCeD CaRbon DioxiDe CaptURe R&D pRogRam: teChnology UpDate, may 2013 paRtneRship foR Co 2 CaptURe primary project goals The University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center (UNDEERC) is conducting pilot-scale testing to demonstrate and evaluate a range of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture technologies to develop key technical and economic information that can be used to examine the feasibility of capture technologies as a function of fuel type and system configuration. technical goals * Integrate a high-efficiency flexible capture system with existing pilot-scale combustion

28

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS Oxygen PrOductiOn  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxygen PrOductiOn Oxygen PrOductiOn B-500 Oxygen PrOductiOn u.S. dePartment Of energy advanced carbOn diOxide caPture r&d PrOgram: technOlOgy uPdate, may 2013 itm Oxygen technOlOgy fOr integratiOn in igcc and Other advanced POwer generatiOn SyStemS primary project goals Air Products and Chemicals set out to design and develop an ion transport membrane (ITM) based on ceramics that selectively transport oxygen (O 2 ) ions when operated at high temperature. This high-temperature process may be integrated with advanced power genera- tion processes that require O 2 as a feedstock, such as integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and other clean energy and industrial applications. technical goals * Design, construct, and operate a 0.1-ton/day (TPD) technology development unit

29

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS Oxy-COmbustiOn  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* For new construction, this technology can use a smaller boiler, which provides the same thermal output as larger, existing power plant boilers. r&d challenges Design, build, and...

30

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS Oxygen PrOductiOn  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxygen PrOductiOn B-500 Oxygen PrOductiOn u.S. dePartment Of energy advanced carbOn diOxide caPture r&d PrOgram: technOlOgy uPdate, may 2013 itm Oxygen technOlOgy fOr integratiOn...

31

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS R&D CollaboRation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R&D CollaboRations B-556 R&D CollaboRations U.s. DepaRtment of eneRgy aDvanCeD CaRbon DioxiDe CaptURe R&D pRogRam: teChnology UpDate, may 2013 paRtneRship foR Co 2 CaptURe primary...

32

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS Oxy-COmbustiOn  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxy-COmbustiOn Oxy-COmbustiOn B-424 Oxy-COmbustiOn u.s. Department Of energy aDvanCeD CarbOn DiOxiDe Capture r&D prOgram: teChnOlOgy upDate, may 2013 Oxygen transpOrt membranes fOr inDustrial appliCatiOns primary project goals Praxair is optimizing oxygen transport membrane (OTM) performance, materials, and process configurations leading to subsequent development-scale testing of OTM technology for synthesis gas (syngas) production applications, providing valuable experience needed to develop commercial OTM technology in industrial applications and future utility-scale

33

Interview du Recteur C. Conti : "Le projet du ministre Marcourt va dans le bon sens pour l'enseignement suprieur" (P7)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LINGUISTIQUE Faculté des arts 5-278 Répertoire 2012 Linguistique Les séquences de cours pour les linguistique ­ 120 crédits (4 ans) Total 1re année 2e année 3e année 4e année Total 120 crédits (40 cours) 30 60 crédits (20 cours) LIN1710 Introduction à la linguistique I : Des mots aux énoncés LIN1720

Glineur, François

34

Steam Generator Management Program: PWR Steam Generator Tube Wear - Alloy 690/Foreign Objects, Alloy 600/Carbon Steel, Alloy 690/Car bon Steel Support  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wear at tube support plates and wear resulting from foreign objects (FOs) can damage tubes in replacement steam generators. To date, however, limited data have been available on wear rates for Alloy 690 tubing. Under the Steam Generator Management Program, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has sponsored a series of experiments to determine the wear coefficients between combinations of Alloy 690 steam generator tube material and relevant support and FO materials. This report describes the test ...

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

35

Carbon Capital: The Political Ecology of Carbon Forestry and Development in Chiapas, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fuel switching; LFG = landfill gas; CMM = coal mine methane;HFCs) and landfill methane gas (LFG) (which do not transform

Osborne, Tracey Muttoo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Contribution aux nombrables de la tradition Bon po : l'Appendive de bsTan 'dzin Rin chen rgyal mtshan a la Sphere de Cristal des Dieux et des Demons de Shar rdza rin po che  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lettre Ha) ; 2. lessence fminine manifeste sous la forme du a shad etlocalise lextrmit infrieure du canal central ; et 3. le thig le indestructi-ble (mi shig pai thig le) localise dans le cur et exprime en fonction duneEssence vide (ngo bo... familiarisation avec les principes de lapratique, lors de la fusion des essences conscutive au Brasier et lEcoulement (bar dzag)44, il entre alors dans des expriences contemplativesde Dlice (bde ba), de Clart (gsal ba) et de Non-discursivit (mi rtog pa...

Achard, Jean-Luc

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

For Refrigeration Problems, a Magnetically Attractive Solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... cycles use different physical effects to cool ... The effect can be used in a classic ... commonly use hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), greenhouse gases that ...

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

38

Reference Tools  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Tools Current Greenhouse Gas Concentrations Name that compound: The numbers game for CFCs, HFCs, HCFCs, and Halons Conversion Tables and More Glossary Acronyms CDIAC's...

39

Laminar burning speed and flame structure of 1,1-difluoroethane (HFC-152a)/air and difluoromethane (HFC-32)/air mixtures.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Of recent importance is the laminar burning speed of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) used in the refrigerant industry. Since the adoption of the Montreal Protocol in 1989 (more)

Bennett, Casey Paul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

to 150 GPa, consistent with the modulus values of large SWNT bundles (22). Al-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Thiophene and ferrocene were dissolved in the car- bon source (liquid n-hexane), sprayed into the hydro- gen

Devoret, Michel H.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydrofluorocar bons hfcs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Book of Bodies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bon Appetite Recipe for Ambrosia Theology of Meat Wineme from myself. Recipe For Ambrosia Shucking the tomatoes

Emilio, Gregory Allyn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Study on the Interaction Coefficients in PR Equation with VdW ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The values of ki for HFCs and HCs, including Propane, Isobutane, n-butane, HFC32, HFC125, HFC134a, HFC143a, HFC152a and HFC227ea ...

2006-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

43

An Analysis of Government Policy Impacts in the Ethanol and Sugar Markets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ABSTRACT This study determines the impact of U.S. government policies on U.S. ethanol market and its consequences for the U.S. corn, sugar, and HFCS markets. (more)

Marzoughi_Ardakani, Hassan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Revue dEtudes Tibtaines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

according to Bon History of Bon Followers of Bon maintain that their teachings were first taught as the everlasting Bon (g.yung drung bon) by the great teacher gShen rab Mi bo che in the legendary land called Olmo Lungring (Ol mo lung ring) in Tazik... and were later brought to the country of Zhang-zhung in Western and Northern Tibet.8 gShen rab Mi bo che, the ruler of Tazik, is considered by Bonpos to have been a fully enlightened Buddha; his name means the great human being who is the supreme Shen...

Achard, Jean-Luc

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

degj0196 19..34  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are contributing to global climate change has led to a search for economical and environmentally sound ways to reduce car- bon dioxide...

46

d'ordre : D 05 -10 presentee devant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tcl/Tk. Je te souhaite bon courage pour ta th`ese et suis convaincu que tout se passera pour le mieux

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

47

Intermediate Species Profiles in LowPressure Premixed ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... kinetics are relatively sparse in comparison to the analogous hydro- carbon reactions ... the H/C/O chemistry for one-carbon and two-car- bon species ...

2013-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

48

Control of electroosmotic flow in laser-ablated and chemically ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Chemical modification of hydro- lyzed and ablated PETG channels to produce ... carbon tape and coated with approximately 10 nm car- bon before ...

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

49

Towards large eddy simulations of flame extinction and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... products of incomplete combustion (carbon monoxide, unburnt hydro- carbons, hydrogen ... to play a role in the net emission of car- bon monoxide ...

2007-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

50

Demographic Pathways of Intergenerational Effects: Fertility, Mortality, Marriage and Women's Schooling in Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

education distribution of the mothers generation; and (b)on the educational distribution of the next generation. Someeducation distribution of the next generation by increasing

Maralani, Vida J.; Mare, Robert D.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Impact of U.S. Nuclear Generation on Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

electric power industry that EIA projects continued reliance on them for at least two decades. ... energy-related car bon emissions will be about 550 million

52

SUBMISSION BY FINLAND ON BEHALF OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY AND ITS MEMBER STATES OF INFORMATION ON AVAILABLE AND POTENTIAL WAYS AND MEANS OF LIMITING HFC, PFC AND SF 6 EMISSIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF 6) are used in a wide variety of applications ranging from aerosol cans to industrial refrigeration and electrical systems which may contain thousands of kilograms of these substances. The paper at hand describes the uses and emission sources of these gases

unknown authors

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the greenhouse gas and atmospheric aerosol assumptions underlying climate analysis need to be related for the greenhouse gas and urban gas emissions. The GTAP5 dataset aggregates all the different types of petroleum for greenhouse gas (CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, and SF6) and urban gas emissions (SO2, NOx, CO, black carbon

54

Transportation and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Measurement, Causation and Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Measurement, Causation and Mitigation Oak Ridge sector is believed to be responsible for 28.4% of our greenhouse gas emissions (see figure), including 33% of the carbon dioxide we produce. As such it is a leading candidate for greenhouse gas ((GHG) (CO2, NH4, HFCs

55

Multi-gas assessment of the Kyoto protocol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement aimed at limiting emissions of several greenhouse gases (GHGs; specifically: CO2, CH4, N2O, PFCs, HFCs, and SF6), and allows credit for approved sinks for CO2. It does not ...

Reilly, John M.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Harnisch, Jochen.; Fitzmaurice, Jean.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Kicklighter, David W.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Wang, Chien.

56

Computational Geosciences 1 (1997) 271288 271 Pulsing of multiple nutrients as a strategy to achieve large  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bioremediation of Petroleum Hydrocar- bon and Other Organic Compounds, Vol. 3 (pp 3­18). Battelle Press, Columbus sources of MTBE in groundwater in the United-States, 1993­1994. Environ. Sci. Technol. 30: 1721

Clement, Prabhakar

57

Modelica-based Modeling and Simulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

humidity, dry bulb temperature, wet bulb temperature, species concentration, such as water vapor, and trace substances, such as car- bon dioxide. 3.3.7 Package Fluid.Sources...

58

The Guy at the Controls: Labor Quality and Power Plant Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Controls: Labor Quality and Power Plant Efficiency July 2007Controls: Labor Quality and Power Plant E ciency James B.on the fuel e ciency of power plants. Although electricity

Bushnell, Jim B; Wolfram, Catherine D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

INFORMS Journal on Computing Articles in Advance, pp. 118  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

car- bon emissions and reduced dependence on unreliable supplies. This process requires significant such as bat- teries and pumped hydro. The dynamics of our system are driven by exoge- nous factors (wind

Powell, Warren B.

60

Chemical characterization of the ambient organic aerosol soluble in water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the water-soluble organic car- bon (WSOC) components of ambient aerosol particles into hydrophilic and Weber [2006]. In the XAD-8 method, the WSOC components that penetrate the column are hydro- philic

Weber, Rodney

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydrofluorocar bons hfcs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Isotopic study of the formation of the azide radical (N3) Corey S. Jamieson, Ralf I. Kaiser *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's moons) to find that the radiation-induced decay of water can produce hydro- gen peroxide [1]. This technique works well for water, car- bon dioxide, and other molecules that are in reach of spacecraft

Kaiser, Ralf I.

62

The reaction of benzene with a ground state carbon atom, C,,3 Holger F. Bettingera)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­hydrogen exchange channel, i.e., a carbon atom is incorporated into the molecule and a hydro- gen atom is ejected. With ethylene, the incoming triplet car- bon atom is known to attack the electrons to form triplet

Kaiser, Ralf I.

63

Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 187188 (2001) 539568  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reinforcement in composites or filters. The presence of water in graphitic and activated car- bons can severely different from that of non-associating simple fluids, such as nitrogen, carbon dioxide, or hydro- carbons [3

64

High magnification image of gut fluid and spiro-chetes, several of which are H2-consumers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with domicile destruction, they play important roles in the turnover of plant material into car- bon dioxide of the hydro- gen gas is converted into methane, a potent green- house gas with zero nutri- tional value

65

Hallmark of Perfect Graphene Elizabeth J. Duplock,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

themselves [5]. A parallel concern is the chemical reactivity of car- bon nanostructures and structure gap state associated with hydro- gen adsorbed on graphene is found to be very sensitive

66

Ab Initio Study of C4H3 Potential Energy Surface and Reaction of Ground-State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

car- bon in its C(3 Pj) electronic ground state with unsaturated hydrocarbon molecules are of major own. Diacetylene (butadiyne) is the simplest hydro- carbon with conjugated triple bonds and its elec

Kaiser, Ralf I.

67

Biogeosciences, 5, 171201, 2008 www.biogeosciences.net/5/171/2008/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research, GKSS Research Center, Geesthacht, Max-Planck-Str., 21502 Geesthacht, Germany 7Center for Hydro the surface concentration of particulate organic car- bon, POC, from optical measurements of spectral remote

Beaumont, Christopher

68

Pamela L. Dickrell Department of Mechanical and Aerospace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surface bonds of carbon atoms and reduce the friction coefficient; when the hydro- gen is removed envi- ronments 1­3,5,6 . In contrast, hydrogen-free diamondlike car- bon films show their lowest

Sawyer, Wallace

69

Regression-based estimates of the rate of accumulation of anthropogenic CO2 in the ocean: A fresh look  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

those from repeated hydro- graphic surveys, such as might be provided by appropriately instrumented, as oceanic car- bon's natural spatial and temporal variability is larger than the expected anthropogenic

70

Comment on "Arsenic Mobility and Groundwater Extraction in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solids accompanying the influx of fresh, labile car- bon-laden recharge water. They further con- cluded and hydro- gen isotope compositions of shallow groundwaters between 1979 and 1999. This indicates

Basu, Asish R.

71

G  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

B me p rogrammers 2012 INTERNATIONAL O PEN G OVERNMENT D ATA C ONFERENCE Structure o f C API S ystem * Tablet---based D ata E ntry A pplicaBon - Users: I nterviewers - Main F...

72

Amoeba-Based Fuzzy Computing for Uncertain Knowledge Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(e.g., car- bon nanotube transistors), molecular (e.g., or- ganic), DNA, optical, micro-Aciego, J.L. Verdegay (eds): Proceedings of IPMU'08, pp. 792­797 Torremolinos (M´alaga), June 22­27, 2008

Munakata, Toshinori

73

EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - High-GWP gases  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5. High-GWP gases 5. High-GWP gases 5.1. Total emissions Greenhouse gases with high global warming potential (high-GWP gases) are hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), which together represented 3 percent of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions in 2009. Emissions estimates for the high-GWP gases are provided to EIA by the EPA's Office of Air and Radiation. The estimates for emissions of HFCs not related to industrial processes or electric transmission are derived from the EPA Vintaging Model. Emissions from manufacturing and utilities are derived by the EPA from a mix of public and proprietary data, including from the EPA's voluntary emission reduction partnership programs. For this year's EIA inventory, 2008 values for HFC-23 from HCFC-22

74

New concepts for refrigerant leak detection and mixture measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the discovery that chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) destroy the ozone layer, the need to reduce the release of these refrigerants into the environment has become critical. A total ban of ozone-depleting CFCs is expected within a few years, and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and fluorocarbons (FCs) and their mixtures are expected to be used during a transition period. Several HFC and FC refrigerants are currently being considered as CFC substitutes. The electronic refrigerant leak detectors currently being considered as CFC substitutes. The electronic refrigerant leak detectors currently on the market were developed to detect CFCs and are not as sensitive to HFCs. Although incremental improvement can be made to these devices to detect HFCs, they often lead to increased false signals. Also, there is no simple device available to measure the composition of a refrigerant mixture. The authors present two new concepts to aid in the development of two portable instruments that can be used for HFC leak detection and for quantitative measurement of refrigerant mixture compositions. The development of simple, easy-to-use portable leak detectors and refrigerant mixture meters is essential to the wide use of alternative refrigerants in industry.

Chen, F.C.; Allman, S.L.; Chen, C.H.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

75

Design and Analysis of Salmonid Tagging Studies in the Columbia Basin, Volume XVI; Alternative Designs for Future Adult PIT-Tag Detection Studies, 2000 Technical Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the advent of the installation of a PIT-tag interrogation system in the Cascades Island fish ladder at Bonneville Dam (BON), and other CRB dams, this overview describes in general terms what can and cannot be estimated under seven different scenarios of adult PIT-tag detection capabilities in the CRB. Moreover, this overview attempted to identify minimal adult PIT-tag detection configurations required by the ten threatened Columbia River Basin (CRB) chinook and steelhead ESUs. A minimal adult PIT-tag detection configuration will require the installation of adult PIT-tag detection facilities at Bonneville Dam and another dam above BON. Thus, the Snake River spring/summer and fall chinook salmon, and the Snake River steelhead will require a minimum of three dams with adult PIT-tag detection capabilities to guarantee estimates of ''ocean survival'' and at least of one independent, in-river returning adult survival (e.g., adult PIT-tag detection facilities at BON and LGR dams and at any other intermediary dam such as IHR). The Upper Columbia River spring chinook salmon and steelhead will also require a minimum of three dams with adult PIT-tag detection capabilities: BON and two other dams on the BON-WEL reach. The current CRB dam system configuration and BPA's and COE's commitment to install adult PIT-tag detectors only in major CRB projects will not allow the estimation of an ''ocean survival'' and of any in-river adult survival for the Lower Columbia River chinook salmon and steelhead. The Middle Columbia River steelhead ESU will require a minimum of two dams with adult PIT-tag detection capabilities: BON and another upstream dam on the BON-McN reach. Finally, in spite of their importance in terms of releases, PIT-tag survival studies for the Upper Willamette chinook and Upper Willamette steelhead ESUs cannot be perform with the current CRB dam system configuration and PIT-tag detection capabilities.

Perez-Comas, Jose A.; Skalski, John R. (University of Washington, School of Fisheries, Seattle, WA)

2000-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

76

Donald Frederick, LLNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Donald Donald Frederick, LLNL - Presented at Supercomputing '11 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P. O. Box 808, Livermore, CA 94551! Case Study: Beyond Homogeneous Decomposition with Qbox Scaling Long-Range Forces on Massively Parallel Systems LLNL---PRES---508651 Case S tudy: O utline * Problem D escripBon * ComputaBonal A pproach * Changes f or S caling LLNL---PRES---508651 Computer s imulaBons o f m aterials Computer s imulaBons a re w idely used t o p redict t he p roperBes o f new m aterials o r u nderstand t he properBes o f e xisBng o nes LLNL---PRES---508651 SimulaBon o f M aterials f rom F irst--- Principles First---principles m ethods: Calculate p roperBes o f a g iven m aterial d irectly f rom fundamental p hysics e quaBons. * No e mpirical p arameters Can m ake p redic-ons a bout c

77

Revue dEtudes Tibtaines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 1992), p. v. Exorcising the Illusion of Bon Shamans 11 Tibet while posing as a Buddhist pilgrim.10 Equipped with survey tools and a sextant, with a compass secretly stashed inside his prayer wheel, Das visited Tibet twice and managed to reach Lhasa... or revealed Bon in its raw state, when it could be labeled as shamanism. Another early pioneer in the study of Tibetan religion, who followed in the footsteps of Sarat Chandra Das, was a Japanese Buddhist pilgrim and scholar named Ekai Kawaguchi. Like so many...

Achard, Jean-Luc

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 17 Number 4 : Full issue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the country. Dr. Hoffmann 1 writes 'that followers of Bon religion are still using the blood of cocks to conjure peace', According to Chos-kyi-ni-ma, a famous Tibetan scholar. there are three stages in the history of Bon religion. The first stage, i. e... East Tibet popularly known as Tsong Khapa, Je Rinpoche, Lobsang dakpa (Sumatikirti), he was the founder of yellow- hat sect (Gelukpa). He reformed the monasteries and prohi bited the monks to marry or to drink wine. He also founded three big...

Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

1981-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

79

Le Corps d'Arc-en-ciel ('ja' lus) de Shardza Rinpoche illustrant la perfection de la Voie rDzogs chen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

celui-ci in Bon chos kyi rnam par dbye ba mdor bsdus, p. 89-112. 28 sPrul sku Blo ldan snying po (1360-1385), Mi shig rdo rje (qui est, supposment, lincarnation immdiate de sPrul sku Blo ldan), Sangs rgyas gling pa (1705-1735), et Kun grol grags... . Rappelons cependant que, comme toutes choses, lenseignement du Buddha est considr comme un phno- mne impermanent (bon mi rtag pa) et donc vou la destruction. La prsence ou prnnit de lenseignement est lun des lments clefs entrant dans les...

Achard, Jean-Luc

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

"By 2020, fuel cells will be intimately integrated in buildings, part of a flexible portfolio of options for meeting energy needs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

deposition use either a plug flow reactor or a solid catalyst in a fixed or fluidized bed reactor and carbon monoxide over a silica supported cobalt­molybdenum catalyst (CoMoCAT reactor). Purification of the car- bon reaction Á Cobalt­molybdenum catalyst Á Iron pentacarbonyl catalyst Á Profitability analysis Á Purification

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydrofluorocar bons hfcs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Electromagnetic at Scripps Institution of Oceanography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dipole, 100-1000 amps 25-100 m CSEM Transmitter Oil, Gas (resistive) Seawater (very conductive) Air-receiver offset, km In-lineelectricfield,V/m/(Am) oil, gas no oil, gas 1000 m, 0.3 m 1000 m, 1 m 100 m, 100 m E of offshore hydrocar- bon exploration. Consortium support since 1996 has funded several marine EM graduate

Constable, Steve

82

The Mad Sea Phenomenon in the Strait of Sicily  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sea level observations at Cape Bon, Tunisia, and Mazara del Vallo, Sicily, show that large, coherent oscillations exist across the Strait of Sicily with significant energy bands centered at periods of 35.3, 41.6, 50.6, 75.8, and 134.5 min, whose ...

Julio Candela; Salvatore Mazzola; Chrif Sammari; Richard Limeburner; Carlos J. Lozano; Bernardo Patti; Angelo Bonanno

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

108 Jurenka and Subchev Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 43:108115 (2000)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

identified including a series of tetramethylalkanes with chain lengths of 30, 32, and 34 car- bons, and alcohols. Several families of moths utilize hydro- carbons or epoxides of hydrocarbons as the sex pheromone all insects have at least some hydro- carbon on their surface. For those moths that uti- lize

Jurenka, Russell A.

84

EXTRASOLAR PLANETS Awhiffofmethane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

correspond to respective car- bon/hydrogen ratios of 3, 7 and ~30­40 times the C/H ratio in the Sun/H ratio (as well as the ratio of other heavy elements to hydro- gen) to provide a crucial probe of how

85

Author's personal copy Reaction dynamics of the phenyl radical with 1,2-butadiene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C1 atom of the 1,2-butadiene reactant. The initial reaction intermediate decomposed via atomic hydro such as circumstellar envelopes of car- bon stars like IRC + 10 216 and planetary nebulae. Unfortunately, despite a systematic study of the reactions of phenyl radicals with unsaturated hydro- carbons classified as olefines

Kaiser, Ralf I.

86

Modern Observations of Interstellar Dust in Galaxies B. T. Draine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- phous silicates · 3.4 µm: C-H stretch in hydro- carbons · 0.2175 µm: "2200 °A bump". Probably electronic transition in sp2 -bonded car- bon (e.g., graphite or PAH) · > 4

Draine, Bruce T.

87

adVancing frontiers in energy and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Carbon emissions threaten environmental quality worldwide. Growing cities wonder where they'll acquire, nuclear energy, improvements to the electricity infrastruc- ture, and energy efficiency and renewable from today's energy economy to renewable, nuclear, and near-zero-emission hydrocar- bon energy systems

88

Appendix B:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CApture teChnology SheetS Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS nAtionAl energy teChnology lABorAtory pre-ComBuStion SolventS B-6 SRI International - CO 2 Capture...

89

Division of Economics and Business Working Paper Series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;1 Introduction Thermal electricity from fossil sources generates CO2 emissions as a by-product, and car- bonDivision of Economics and Business Working Paper Series Carbon content of electricity futures of electricity futures in Phase II of the EU ETS Author(s): Harrison Fell Division of Economics and Business

90

VOL 314 24 NOVEMBER 2006 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org1256 A visitor to Earth during most of the planet's his-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of car- bon and nitrogen. But in many cases, he said, scientists still don't know which populations electricity. The 26 October seminar "Microbes, Minerals and the Environment" honored the late Philip Abelson electrons. They can harvest electricity from aquatic environments and may prove useful as power sources

Lovley, Derek

91

R E W E DE PHYSIQUE APPLIQUEE Colloque C4, Supplbment au n04, Tome 24, Avril 1989  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXCITATIONS IN SILICA AEROGELS R. MAYNARD, R. CALEMCZUK*, A.M. DE GOER*, B. SALCE*, J. BON*, E. BONJOUR* and A son ont bte mesur&s entre 0.1 K e t 10 K sur des aerogels de s i l i c e de f a i b l e densite ( p density s i l i c a aerogels ( p

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

92

Pressure-driven confinement of hydrogen molecules between graphene sheets in the regime of van der Waals repulsion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Storage of hydrogen in carbon materials,1,2 with its poten- tial application in hydrogen in the interactions between H2 and hosts in solid lattices,2,3 although mechanism for hydrogen storage in car- bon a serious challenge for trap- ping hydrogen, which is governed by the free energy change G H T S E p V T S

Gong, Xingao

93

Mann LED Elevator Ligh ng: ECI Savings Table Cost (billed)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost (billed) Annual Savings $ Equivalent # Homes Electric 63 12 51 81% 1,300 200 1,000 2 tons/per year car bon equivalent annually. Benefits: The new lamps are much cooler, lower energy usage, and will last up to 5 years versus the old lamps that re quired changing many mes per year

Lipson, Michal

94

Characterization of single wall carbon nanotubes by nonane preadsorption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­25 A° range; however nanotubes with $10­16 A° diameters make the main fraction. Nano- tubes are bundled measurement. A filler rod was utilized to decrease the dead volume of the adsorption tube and to enhance be very helpful for determining a fraction of opened tubes for car- bon nanotube materials with tube

Liu, Jie

95

Turbine Surface Degradation with Service and Its Effects on Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jeffrey Bons Jeffrey Bons Co-PIs: Iowa State University - Drs. Tom Shih and ZJ Wang University of Cincinnati - Drs. Tafi Hamed and Widen Tabakoff Air Force Research Lab - Dr. Richard Rivir SCIES Project 02- 01- SR104 DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT DE-FC26-02NT41431 Tom J. George, Program Manager, DOE/NETL Richard Wenglarz, Manager of Research, SCIES Project Awarded (06/01/02, 36 Month Duration) $563,712 Total Contract Value Turbine Surface Degradation with Service and Its Effects on Performance Brigham Young University JPB/BYU/29Oct2003 BYU-UTSR-Oct03, 29 Oct 2003, JPB The Gas Turbine Community NEEDS adequate tools to estimate the associated loss in engine performance with service time. ROUGH! ARE TURBINES Surface Degradation - Increases Heat Transfer - Reduces Efficiency GAS TURBINE NEED

96

Carbon Capture Innovation: Making an IMPACCT on Coal | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Carbon Capture Innovation: Making an IMPACCT on Coal Carbon Capture Innovation: Making an IMPACCT on Coal Carbon Capture Innovation: Making an IMPACCT on Coal February 16, 2012 - 4:48pm Addthis The ICES team from Alliant Techsystems and ACENT Laboratories (L to R): Fred Gregory, Andy Robertson, Tony Castrogiovanni, Florin Girlea, Vincenzo Verrelli, Bon Calayag, Vladimir Balepin, Kirk Featherstone. | Courtesy of the ICES team. The ICES team from Alliant Techsystems and ACENT Laboratories (L to R): Fred Gregory, Andy Robertson, Tony Castrogiovanni, Florin Girlea, Vincenzo Verrelli, Bon Calayag, Vladimir Balepin, Kirk Featherstone. | Courtesy of the ICES team. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Over the past 20 years, nearly three-fourths of human-caused emissions came

97

Turbine Surface Degradation with Service and Its Effects on Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Peer Review Workshop III Peer Review Workshop III 18-20 October 2005 Jeffrey Bons BYU Z.J. Wang (3-D) Tom Shih (2-D) Iowa State University IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY Aerospace Engineering Turbine Surface Degradation with Service and Its Effects on Performance - 2-D/3-D CFD Simulations of Rough Surfaces- * Perform detailed CFD simulations to generate understanding of flow and heat transfer phenomena over rough surfaces. * Use understanding generated to develop engineering models to predict heat transfer and friction on rough surfaces. Objectives IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY Aerospace Engineering Accomplishments * Performed 2-D and 3-D CFD simulations. * Generated a preliminary engineering model. 3-D CFD: Z.J. Wang * 1/6 -1/3 of the span (from Jeffrey Bons' experiment) selected for the computational domain; * 2 mm, 1 mm and 0.5 mm resolutions for coarse, medium and

98

Mkha' 'gro dbang mo'i rnam that, the biography of the gter ston ma bde chen chos kyi dbang mo (1868-1927?)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, for example, A 'dzom 'Brug pa 'Gro 'dul dPa' bo rDo rje (1842-1924), a famous rdzogs chen master and treasure revealer (see Namkhai 1986, p. 153), who bestowed upon her a long life empowerment when she was 26 (1893); see dBang mo'i rnam thar, p. 824, passim... , Kvrne and Nagano eds., 2003, p. 323), gCod, A khrid (see Kvrne and Rikey, 1996), Phur pa (see Bon Kanjur, op.cit., pp. 295-297), rDzogs chen Yang rtse Klong chen (Sherab Wangyal, TBMC, New Delhi, 1973), Khro bo rGyud drug gSang ba bSen thub (see Bon...

Rossi, Donatella

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Carbon Capture Innovation: Making an IMPACCT on Coal | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Carbon Capture Innovation: Making an IMPACCT on Coal Carbon Capture Innovation: Making an IMPACCT on Coal Carbon Capture Innovation: Making an IMPACCT on Coal February 16, 2012 - 4:48pm Addthis The ICES team from Alliant Techsystems and ACENT Laboratories (L to R): Fred Gregory, Andy Robertson, Tony Castrogiovanni, Florin Girlea, Vincenzo Verrelli, Bon Calayag, Vladimir Balepin, Kirk Featherstone. | Courtesy of the ICES team. The ICES team from Alliant Techsystems and ACENT Laboratories (L to R): Fred Gregory, Andy Robertson, Tony Castrogiovanni, Florin Girlea, Vincenzo Verrelli, Bon Calayag, Vladimir Balepin, Kirk Featherstone. | Courtesy of the ICES team. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Over the past 20 years, nearly three-fourths of human-caused emissions came

100

Clio & Crimen n 7 (2010), pp. 52/84  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

un miembro más lazrado; pero, quanto en esso, fue pobre muy menguado: ¡non se sopo guardar del lazo del pecado! Omnes de raíz mala asmaron malvestat: por matar al bon rëy fizieron hermandat. Sopo de encubierta que en cabo de cosa a mal non se revierta, sopo por otras partes Alexandre la çierta: ¡parçir non

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydrofluorocar bons hfcs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Asian Age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suggested that geo-engineering could be used to remove carbon dioxide from the atmos- phere. A range of potential geo- engineering options avail- able for reducing carbon dioxide from atmosphere include artificial trees, algae-coated buildings... change group, Dr Tim Fox, said. Recommending use of algae to reduce carbon diox- ide, the institute said that algae naturally absorb car- bon dioxide through photo- synthesis. Strips of algae can be fitted to the outside of buildings and then peri...

Anon.

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

102

Carbon Sequestration 101  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Field Efforts Field Efforts Sequestering CO 2 in Geologic Formations SPE 2003 Eastern Section Meeting of AAPG September 6 - 10, 2003 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Scott M. Klara - National Energy Technology Laboratory What's All The Fuss About? CO 2 Concentrations On The Rise (~280 ppm to 370 ppm over last 100 years) Temperature Change from Present ( o C) CO 2 Concentration (ppmv) 200 150 50 350 300 250 200 100 0 ∆T atm (Vostok) CO 2 (Vostok) 2 0 -2 -4 Time Before Present (kyr) CO 2 & CH 4 - The Primary GHG Contributors Methane 9% Nitrous Oxide 5% HFCs, PFCs, SF 6 2% CO 2 from Energy 81% Other CO 2 3% "EIA Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the U.S.: 2000" United States Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Equivalent Global Warming Basis) All Fossil Fuels & Energy Sectors Contribute CO 2 Emissions Industry 32% Industry 32% Commercial

103

Microsoft PowerPoint - Sequestration Briefing - October-07.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Sequestration R&D Overview Carbon Sequestration R&D Overview Office of Fossil Energy Carbon Sequestration Briefing October 2007 Sean Plasynski, PhD Sequestration Technology Manager Office of Fossil Energy R&D Focus is on Coal & Electricity Oil 43% Oil 43% Coal 36% Coal 36% Natural Gas 21% Electricity 39% Electricity 39% Other 30% Other 30% Transportation 32% Transportation 32% United States CO2 Emissions 36% Emissions From Coal 39% Emissions From Electricity Office of Fossil Energy R&D Focus is on CO 2 Methane 9% Nitrous Oxide 5% HFCs, PFCs, SF 6 2% CO 2 from Energy 81% Other CO 2 3% "EIA Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the U.S.: 2000" United States Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Equivalent Global Warming Basis) Office of Fossil Energy Annual CO 2 Emissions Extremely Large 6,300,000,000 Carbon Dioxide (CO

104

Super Building Insulation by CO2 Foaming Process Research Project |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emerging Technologies » Super Building Insulation by CO2 Foaming Emerging Technologies » Super Building Insulation by CO2 Foaming Process Research Project Super Building Insulation by CO2 Foaming Process Research Project The Department of Energy is currently researching the development of building superinsulation through a carbon dioxide (CO2) foaming process. Project Description This project seeks to develop building super insulation through a carbon dioxide foaming process that does not use hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), and which produces insulation with a high R-value. Project Partners Research is being undertaken between the Department of Energy and The Industrial Science & Technology Network. Project Goals The goal of this project is to develop advanced insulation without HFC, and to achieve a competitive processing cost for CO2 foaming technology.

105

Atmospheric Measurements of Climate-Relevant Species  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Measurements of Climate-Relevant Species Atmospheric Measurements of Climate-Relevant Species CDIAC's data collection includes measurements of the following climate-relevant chemical species. A summary of recent greenhouse gas concentrations is also available. To determine how compounds are named, see the CDIAC "Name that compound" page. Butane (C4H10) Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Carbon Isotopes Carbon Monoxide (CO) Carbon Tetrachloride (CCl4) Chlorofluorocarbons Chloroform (CHCl3) Deuterium (2H) Ethane (C2H6) Ethyl Nitrate (C2H5ONO2) Ethyne (C2H2) Fluoroform (CHF3) Halogenated Compounds (modern records) Halons (fluorocarbons) Hydrogen (H2) Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) i-Propyl Nitrate (C3H7ONO2) Methane (CH4) Methyl Bromide (CH3Br) Methyl Chloride (CH3Cl) Methyl Chloroform (CH3CCl3)

106

The ALE/GAGE/AGAGE Network (DB1001)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Trace Gases » ALE/GAGE/AGAGE Network Atmospheric Trace Gases » ALE/GAGE/AGAGE Network The ALE / GAGE / AGAGE Network (DB1001) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/atg.db1001 Links to Additional Sources Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE) home page How halocarbons (CFCs, HFCs, HCFCs, and halons) are named CDIAC data base including some of the same compounds, and a tabulation of their uses and atmospheric lifetimes Investigators R.G. Prinn, R.F. Weiss, P.J. Fraser, P.G. Simmonds, S. O'Doherty, P. Salameh, L. Porter, P. Krummel, R.H.J. Wang, B. Miller, C. Harth, B. Greally, F.A. Van Woy, L.P. Steele, J. Müehle, G. Sturrock, F.N. Alyea, J. Huang, and D.E. Hartley Description In the ALE/GAGE/AGAGE global network program, continuous high frequency gas chromatographic measurements of four biogenic/anthropogenic gases (methane,

107

Sandeman-012113 - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sandeman-012113 Sandeman-012113 JOINT PSE/MSD SEMINAR SPEAKER: Karl G. Sandeman Department of Physics TITLE: "(Tri)critical Phase Transitions in Magnetocaloric Materials " DATE: Monday, January 21, 2013 TIME: 3:00 p.m. PLACE: Building 223 / S-105 HOST: Seungbum Hong ABSTRACT: Much of today's research in so-called functional materials is driven by the quest for technologies that use energy more efficiently and reduce our impact on the environment. Such pressures drive a renewed investigation of some of the most fundamental properties of condensed matter. Solid-state phase transitions are one good example. In order to find an energy efficient solution to the problem of reducing our use of HFCs in a variety of cooling applications, a new field has been defined.

108

Kyoto Protocol | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kyoto Protocol Kyoto Protocol Jump to: navigation, search http://www.wired.com/thisdayintech/tag/climate-change/ Kyoto protocol negotiation The Kyoto Protocol, negotiated in 1997 and into force in 2005, is a binding agreement in which industrialized nations will seek emission-reducing strategies for the future years to come. "The Kyoto Protocol is a legally binding agreement under which industrialized countries will reduce their collective emissions of greenhouse gases by 5.2% compared to the year 1990 (but note that, compared to the emissions levels that would be expected by 2010 without the Protocol, this target represents a 29% cut). The goal is to lower overall emissions from six greenhouse gases - carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, sulfur hexafluoride, HFCs, and PFCs - calculated as an average over

109

From fire to ice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Absorption chillers are heat-operate refrigeration without harmful environmental emissions (CFCs, HCFCS, and HFCS). The machine uses either steam or a gas-fired burner as the energy source and utilizes endothermic evaporation to provide refrigeration to an external process fluid, usually chilled water. In the United States, absorption chillers are used in regions where the cost of electricity is high relative to natural gas. Absorption chillers are also used in applications where steam is readily available or in areas where seasonal load peaks cause utilities to subsidize gas cooling. This paper will describe the history of absorption, the basic absorption refrigeration cycle and some advanced high efficiency cycles. Practical applications of absorption refrigeration to commercial end uses will also be discussed.

Adcock, P.W.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Word Pro - S12  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Note 1. Emissions of Carbon Dioxide and Other Green- Note 1. Emissions of Carbon Dioxide and Other Green- house Gases. Greenhouse gases are those gases-such as water vapor, carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride-that are transparent to solar (short- wave) radiation but opaque to long-wave (infrared) radiation, thus preventing long-wave radiant energy from leaving Earth's atmosphere. The net effect is a trapping of absorbed radiation and a tendency to warm the planet's surface. Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions account for about 98 percent of U.S. CO 2 emissions. The vast majority of CO 2 emissions come from fossil fuel combustion, with smaller amounts from the nonfuel use of fossil fuels, as well as from electricity generation using geothermal energy and non-

111

Demonstration of High Efficiency Elastocaloric Cooling with Large Delta- T Using NiTi Wires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vapor compression (VC) is by far the most dominant technology for meeting all cooling and refrigeration needs around the world. It is a mature technology with the efficiency of modern compressors approaching the theoretical limit, but its envi-ronmental footprint remains a global problem. VC refrigerants such as hydrochlo-roflurocarbons (HCFCs) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are a significant source of green house gas (GHG) emissions, and their global warming potential (GWP) is as high as 1000 times that of CO2. It is expected that building space cooling and re-frigeration alone will amount to {approx} 5% of primary energy consumption and {approx}5% of all CO2 emission in U.S. in 2030 . As such, there is an urgent need to develop an al-ternative high-efficiency cooling technology that is affordable and environmentally friendly. Among the proposed candidates, magnetocaloric cooling (MC) is currently received a lot of attention because of its high efficiency. However, MC is inherently expensive because of the requirement of large magnetic field and rare earth materi-als. Here, we demonstrate an entirely new type of solid-state cooling mechanism based on the latent heat of reversible martensitic transformation. We call it elasto-caloric cooling (EC) after the superelastic transformation of austenite it utilizes. The solid-state refrigerant of EC is cost-effective, and it completely eliminates the use of any refrigerants including HCFCs/HFCs. We show that the COP (coefficient of per-formance) of a jugular EC with optimized materials can be as high as > 10 with measured {Delta}T of 17 C.

Cui, Jun; Wu, Yiming; Muehlbauer, Jan; Hwang, Yunho; Radermacher, Reinhard; Fackler, Sean; Wuttig, Manfred; Takeuchi, Ichiro

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Energy and global warming impacts of HFC refrigerants and emerging technologies: TEWI-III  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of hydrofluorocarbons (BFCs) which were developed as alternative refrigerants and insulating foam blowing agents to replace chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) is now being affected by scientific investigations of greenhouse warming and questions about the effects of refrigerants and blowing agents on global warming. A Total Equivalent Warming Impact (TEWI) assessment analyzes the environmental affects of these halogenated working fluids in energy consuming applications by combining a direct effect resulting from the inadvertent release of HFCs to the atmosphere with an indirect effect resulting from the combustion of fossil fuels needed to provide the energy to operate equipment using these compounds as working fluids. TEWI is a more balanced measure of environmental impact because it is not based solely on the global warming potential (GWP) of the working fluid. It also shows the environmental benefit of efficient technologies that result in less CO{sub 2} generation and eventual emission to the earth`s atmosphere. The goal of TEWI is to assess total global warming impact of all the gases released to the atmosphere, including CO{sub 2} emissions from energy conversion. Alternative chemicals and technologies have been proposed as substitutes for HFCs in the vapor-compression cycle for refrigeration and air conditioning and for polymer foams in appliance and building insulations which claim substantial environmental benefits. Among these alternatives are: (1) Hydrocarbon (HC) refrigerants and blowing agents which have zero ozone depleting potential and a negligible global warming potential, (2) CO{sub 2} as a refrigerant and blowing agent, (3) Ammonia (NH{sub 3}) vapor compression systems, (4) Absorption chiller and heat pumping cycles using ammonia/water or lithium bromide/water, and (5) Evacuated panel insulations. This paper summarizes major results and conclusions of the detailed final report on the TEWI-111 study.

Sand, J.R.; Fischer, S.K.; Baxter, V.D.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Evaluation of the 2008 Predictions of Run-Timing and Survival of Wild Migrant Yearling Chinook and Steelhead on the Columbia and Snake Rivers.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Columbia Basin Research uses the COMPASS model on a daily basis during the outmigration of Snake River Chinook and steelhead smolts to predict downstream passage and survival. Fish arrival predictions and observations from program RealTime along with predicted and observed environmental conditions are used to make in-season predictions of arrival and survival to various dams in the Columbia and Snake Rivers. For 2008, calibrations of travel and survival parameters for two stocks of fish-Snake River yearling PIT-tagged wild chinook salmon (chin1pit) and Snake River PIT-tagged steelhead (lgrStlhd)-were used to model travel and survival of steelhead and chinook stocks from Lower Granite Dam (LWG) or McNary Dam (MCN) to Bonneville Dam (BON). This report summarizes the success of the COMPASS/RealTime process to model these migrations as they occur. We compared model results on timing and survival to data from two sources: stock specific counts at dams and end-of-season control survival estimates (Jim Faulkner, NOAA, pers. comm. Dec. 16, 2008). The difference between the predicted and observed day of median passage and the Mean Absolute Deviation (MAD) between predicted and observed arrival cumulative distributions are measures of timing accuracy. MAD is essentially the average percentage error over the season. The difference between the predicted and observed survivals is a measure of survival accuracy. Model results and timing data were in good agreement from LWG to John Day Dam (JDA). Predictions of median passage days for the chin1pit and lgrStlhd stocks were 0 and 2 days (respectively) later than observed. MAD for chin1pit and lgrStlhd stocks at JDA were 2.3% and 5.9% (respectively). Between JDA and BON modeling and timing data were not as well matched. At BON, median passage predictions were 6 and 10 days later than observed and MAD values were 7.8% and 16.0% respectively. Model results and survival data were in good agreement from LWG to MCN. COMPASS predicted survivals of 0.77 and 0.69 for chin1pit and lgrStlhd, while the data control's survivals were 0.79 and 0.68. The differences are 0.02 and 0.01 (respectively), nearly identical. However, from MCN to BON, COMPASS predicted survivals of 0.74 and 0.69 while the data controls survivals were 0.47 and 0.53 respectively. Differences of 0.27 and 0.16. In summary: Travel and survival of chin1pit and lgrStlhd stocks were well modeled in the upper reaches. Fish in the lower reaches down through BON suffered unmodeled mortality, and/or passed BON undetected. A drop in bypass fraction and unmodeled mortality during the run could produce such patterns by shifting the observed median passage day to appear artificially early.

Beer, W. Nicholas; Iltis, Susannah; Anderson, James J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Tamang jatibare sangkshipta sabda citra Traite sur l'origine de la caste tamang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

de vie dans le monde, le Tamba dit shar lho nub byang phyogs mchams ri gro ba rigs drug mi chags cim En direction de lEst, du Sud, de lOuest, du Nord Six sortes dtres vivants ont t crs ( mngal skyes: tous les animaux ns de la... ;may#7;na, le Singe qui incarnait la force, Hanum#7;n, serait arriv chez Avalokite vara, sur la colline du Potala. Avalokite vara envoya le singe mditer dans lHimalaya. Pour la thologie du Bon, Avalokite vara est incarn dans Gen rab mi...

Lama, Thubten

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Survival Rates of Juvenile Salmonids Passing Through the Bonneville Dam and Spillway in 2008  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes a 2008 acoustic telemetry survival study conducted by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the Portland District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The study estimated the survival of juvenile Chinook salmon and steelhead passing Bonneville Dam (BON) and its spillway. Of particular interest was the relative survival of smolts detected passing through end spill bays 1-3 and 16-18, which had deep flow deflectors immediately downstream of spill gates, versus survival of smolts passing middle spill bays 4-15, which had shallow flow deflectors.

Ploskey, Gene R.; Weiland, Mark A.; Faber, Derrek M.; Deng, Zhiqun; Johnson, Gary E.; Hughes, James S.; Zimmerman, Shon A.; Monter, Tyrell J.; Cushing, Aaron W.; Wilberding, Matthew C.; Durham, Robin E.; Townsend, R. L.; Skalski, J. R.; Buchanan, Rebecca A.; Kim, Jina; Fischer, Eric S.; Meyer, Matthew M.; McComas, Roy L.; Everett, Jason

2009-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

116

Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Climate Change 2001: Climate Change 2001: Working Group I: The Scientific Basis Get Javascript Other reports in this collection 4. Atmospheric Chemistry and Greenhouse Gases Contents Executive Summary 4.1 Introduction 4.1.1 Sources of Greenhouse Gases 4.1.2 Atmospheric Chemistry and Feedbacks 4.1.3 Trace Gas Budgets and Trends 4.1.4 Atmospheric Lifetimes and Time-Scales 4.2 Trace Gases: Current Observations, Trends and Budgets 4.2.1 Non-CO2 Kyoto Gases 4.2.1.1 Methane (CH4) 4.2.1.2 Nitrous oxide (N2O) 4.2.1.3 Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) 4.2.1.4 Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) 4.2.2 Montreal Protocol Gases and Stratospheric Ozone (O3) 4.2.3 Reactive Gases 4.2.3.1 Carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2) 4.2.3.2 Volatile organic compounds (VOC) 4.2.3.3 Nitrogen oxides (NOx)

117

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.1 National Legislation  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

5 5 Phase Out Schedule of Halocarbons in the U.S. (1) Gas % By % By Chlorofluorocarbons 75% 1994 75% 1994 (CFCs) 100% 1996 (4) 100% 1996 Bromofluorocarbons 100% 1994 (4) 100% 1994 (Halons) Hydrochlorofluorocarbons 35.0% 2004 35% 2003 (HCFCs) 75.0% 2010 75% 2010 90.0% 2015 90% 2015 99.5% 2020 99.5% 2020 100% 2030 (4) 100% 2030 Hydrofluorocarbons N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. (HFCs) Note(s): Source(s): 1989 HCFC consumption + 2.8 % of 1989 CFC consumption 1996 N.A. N.A. 1) The phase out of halocarbons is consistent with Title VI of the Clean Air Act and is in accordance with the Montreal Protocol and Amendments. 2) The amount of gas produced and consumed in this year is established and defined as the base level. To meet basic domestic needs, levels of production are allowed to exceed the base level by up to 10%. 3) After this year, levels of production are no longer

118

Energy and global warming impacts of next generation refrigeration and air conditioning technologies  

SciTech Connect

Significant developments have occurred in hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) and the application of ammonia and hydrocarbons as refrigerant working fluids since the original TEWI (Total Equivalent Warming Impact) report in 1991. System operating and performance data on alternative refrigerants and refrigeration technologies justify and updated evaluation of these new alternative refrigerants and competing technologies in well-characterized applications. Analytical and experimental results are used to show quantitative comparisons between HFCS, HFC blends, hydrocarbons, and ammonia, used as refrigerants. An objective evaluation is presented for commercial and near commercial non-CFC refrigerants/blowing agents and alternative refrigeration technologies. This information is needed for objective and quantitative decisions on policies addressing greenhouse gas emissions from refrigeration and air conditioning equipment. The evaluation assesses the energy use and global warming impacts of refrigeration and air conditioning technologies that could be commercialized during the phase out of HCFCS. Quantitative comparison TEWI for two application areas are presented. Opportunities for significant reductions in TEWI are seen with currently known refrigerants through improved maintenance and servicing practices and improved product designs.

Sand, J.R.; Fischer, S.K.; Baxter, V.D.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Global warming and end-use efficiency implications of replacing CFCs  

SciTech Connect

The direct contribution of CFCs to calculated global warming has been recognized for some time. As a result of the international agreement to phase out CFCs due to stratospheric ozone and the ensuing search for suitable alternatives, there has recently been increased attention on the DIRECT global warming potential (GWP) of the fluorocarbon alternatives as greenhouse gases. However, to date there has been little focus on the INDIRECT global warming effect arising from end-use efficiency changes and associated CO{sub 2} emissions. A study being conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) addresses this combined or total global warming impact of viable options to replace CFCs in their major energy-related applications. This paper reviews selected results for air-conditioning, refrigeration, and heat pump applications. The analysis indicates that the CFC user industries have made substantial progress in approaching near-equal energy efficiency with the HCFC/HFC alternative refrigerants. The findings also bring into question the relative importance of the DIRECT (chemical-related) effect in many applications. Replacing CFCs is an important step in reducing the total global warming impact, and at present the HCFC and HFCS appear to offer the best efficiency and lowest total impact of options available in the relatively short time period required for the transition away from CFCs.

Fairchild, P.D.; Fischer, S.K.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

120

Global warming implications of non-fluorocarbon technologies as CFC replacements  

SciTech Connect

Many technologies could be developed for use in place of conventional compression systems for refrigeration and air conditioning. Comparisons of the global warming impacts using TEWI (Total Equivalent Warming Impact) can be used to identify alternatives that have the potential for lower environmental impacts than electric-driven vapor compression systems using HCFCs and HFCs. Some options, such as secondary heat transfer loops in commercial refrigeration systems to reduce refrigerant charge and emission rates, could be useful in reducing the losses of refrigerants to the atmosphere. Use of ammonia instead of a fluorocarbon in a system with a secondary loop offers only a small potential for decreasing TEWI, and this may not warrant the increased complexity and risks of using ammonia in a retail sales environment. A few technologies, such as adsorption heat pumps, have efficiency levels that show reduced TEWI levels compared to conventional and state of the art compression systems, and further development could lead to an even more favorable comparison. Health and safety risks of the alternative technologies and the materials they employ must also be considered.

Fischer, S.K.; Tomlinson, J.J.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydrofluorocar bons hfcs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

DOE/ORNL heat pump design model, overview and application to R-22 alternatives  

SciTech Connect

This computer program is a public-domain system design tool for application to air-to-air heat pumps. The main aspects of the program are reviewed with emphasis on the newest features of the current fifth-generation version (Mark V) and an upcoming more fully HFC-capable release (Mark VI). Current model predictions are compared to test data for a leading HFC alternative to HCFC-22 in heat pumps. Examples are shown of some user interfaces that have been recently developed for the program. To demonstrate the design capabilities of the model for R-22 alternatives, a refrigerant-side optimization was conducted to find the best balance of heat transfer versus pressure drop for HCFC R-22, HFCs R-134a and R-410A, and the natural refrigerant propane. COP was maximized while refrigerant charge and tube size were minimized. Independent design parameters were fraction of total area in the outdoor coil, tube diameter and number of circuits for each heat exchanger, and condenser subcooling. Heat exchanger design tradeoffs are discussed for a heat pump relative to air conditioners and heating-only units. A design optimized for heating-only operation is presented.

Rice, C.K.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Emissions of greenhouse gases in the United States 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the fourth Energy Information Administration (EIA) annual report on US emissions of greenhouse gases. This report presents estimates of US anthropogenic (human-caused) emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and several other greenhouse gases for 1988 through 1994. Estimates of 1995 carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and halocarbon emissions are also provided, although complete 1995 estimates for methane are not yet available. Emissions of carbon dioxide increased by 1.9% from 1993 to 1994 and by an additional 0.8% from 1994 to 1995. Most carbon dioxide emissions are caused by the burning of fossil fuels for energy consumption, which is strongly related to economic growth, energy prices, and weather. The US economy grew rapidly in 1994 and slowed in 1995. Estimated emissions of methane increased slightly in 1994, as a result of a rise in emissions from energy and agricultural sources. Estimated nitrous oxide emissions increased by 1.8% in 1995, primarily due to increased use of nitrogen fertilizers and higher output of chemicals linked to nitrous oxide emissions. Estimated emissions of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs), which are known to contribute to global warming, increased by nearly 11% in 1995, primarily as a result of increasing substitution for chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). With the exception of methane, the historical emissions estimates presented in this report are only slightly revised from those in last year`s report.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Data:3a32114d-1809-4573-8a7c-a2a0230d041c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d-1809-4573-8a7c-a2a0230d041c d-1809-4573-8a7c-a2a0230d041c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation, Single-Phase Controlled Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

124

untitled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UNIVERSIT UNIVERSIT Y OF CALIFORNIA Lawrence Radiation Laboratory Berkeley, California Contract No. W -740S-eng -48 UCRL-9966 I THE PATH OF CARBON IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS Melvin Calvin Nobel Prize Lecture December 11, 1961 ) Nobel Prize Lecture December 11, 1961 UCRL-9966 THE PATH OF Ck'1BON IN PHOI'CBYHTHESIS Melvin Calvin Department of Chemistry and Lawrence Radiation Laboratory University of California, Berkeley 4, California ll'JTRODUCTION It is almost sixty years since Emil Fischer was describing on 8 platform such as this one some of the work Which led to the basic know- ledge of the structure of glucose and its relatives. l Today we "ill be concerned ,.itha description of the experiments "lhich have led to a know- ledge of the principal reactions by which those carbohydrate structures are created by photos~rnthetic organisms from carbon dioxide and water,

125

Data:37c6cd1a-15f1-407a-ac2c-4d3136741f29 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a-15f1-407a-ac2c-4d3136741f29 a-15f1-407a-ac2c-4d3136741f29 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rural Residential Single-Phase Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

126

degj0196 19..34  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

critical critical role of monitoring, verification, and accounting for geologic carbon dioxide storage projects Sean I. Plasynski, John T. Litynski, Howard G. McIlvried, Derek M. Vikara, and Rameshwar D. Srivastava A B S T R A C T A growing concern that increasing levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are contributing to global climate change has led to a search for economical and environmentally sound ways to reduce car- bon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions. One promising approach is CO 2 cap- ture and permanent storage in deep geologic formations, such as depleted oil and gas reservoirs, unminable coal seams, and deep brine-containing (saline) formations. However, successful implemen- tation of geologic storage projects will require robust monitoring, veri- fication, and accounting (MVA) tools. This article deals with all aspects of MVA activities associated with such geologic CO 2 storage

127

Deposition of Alternative (Syngas) Fuels on Turbine Blades with Film Cooling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ACERC ACERC Dr. Jeffrey Bons and Dr. Thomas Fletcher BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY SCIES Project 05-01-SR-120 with support from General Electric, Siemens-Westinghouse, Solar Turbines, Praxair UTSR Peer Workshop III, Clemson University, SC Oct. 18-20, 2005 Deposition of Alternative ( Deposition of Alternative ( Syngas Syngas ) Fuels on ) Fuels on Turbine Blades with Film Cooling Turbine Blades with Film Cooling Alternate fuels (e.g. coal, petcoke, and biomass) are being cons Alternate fuels (e.g. coal, petcoke, and biomass) are being cons idered to idered to produce produce syngas syngas fuels to replace natural gas in power turbines fuels to replace natural gas in power turbines Despite gas cleanup, small levels of airborne particulate (e.g. Despite gas cleanup, small levels of airborne particulate (e.g. 0.1 0.1 ppmw

128

Data:E18d89b7-56cd-42d4-91fa-8327da7d25ba | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b7-56cd-42d4-91fa-8327da7d25ba b7-56cd-42d4-91fa-8327da7d25ba No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Farm Single-Phase Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

129

AOScomments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alternate Operations Study Alternate Operations Study 2013 Meeting Comments A F N Aces Flandreau Municipal Electric Northwest Iowa Power Cooperative Argus Media H O B Heartland Consumers Power District Otter Tail Power Company Basin Electric Cooperative Otter Tail Power Company 2 Basin Electric Cooperative 2 I Bon Homme Yankton Electric Assoc Irrigation & Electrical Districts Association S Sanborn Electric C L Sioux Valley Energy Central Iowa Power Cooperative L & O Power Cooperative South Dakota Municipal League Central Power Electric Cooperative Lake Region Electric South Dakota Municipal League 2 City of Beresford Lyon Rural Electric Cooperative South Eastern Electric Coop City of Cavalier Lyon-Lincoln Elect Coop City of Henning T City of Laurel M Town of Pickstown City of Melrose Marshall Municipal

130

Microsoft PowerPoint - UTSR-2010-Pennst-UNDOSU-comb.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Workshop - Aerodynamics/Heat Transfer Breakout Workshop - Aerodynamics/Heat Transfer Breakout Oct 20 2010 Oct. 20,2010 Forrest Ames, UND Jeffrey Bons, OSU Motivation ot at o Turbine design considerations: Ash Deposition on F-100 Vane Leading Edge - Higher T T4 - LE Clogging Potential C b g (Ref: Kim et al., 1993) - Combustors: - High turbulence levels - Non-uniformities - Non uniformities - Film cooling - Larger leading edge diam. g g g - Better TBC coatings Ash Deposition on Better tools for turbine vane LE heat l d li i d 2 p CFM56-5B Vane Leading Edge (Ref: Smith et al., 2010) load, cooling requirements, and potential for deposition??? Critical Unanswered Questions Critical Unanswered Questions  What is the effect of increased LE radius on d iti ? deposition?  What is the effect of increased inlet turbulence on

131

Data:945188fc-2394-46e9-b4e0-471f63d3fed5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fc-2394-46e9-b4e0-471f63d3fed5 fc-2394-46e9-b4e0-471f63d3fed5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation Single-Phase Uncontrolled Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

132

Academic Advisory Board Activities and Perspectives  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advisory Board Advisory Board Activities and Perspectives Karen A. Thole, Chair Academic Advisory Board Virginia Tech, Mechanical Engineering Department Peer Review Workshop October 20, 2005 * Review of the Academic Advisory Board * Activities since 2004 Peer Review Workshop * Open discussion Discussion Topics Chair: Karen Thole, Virginia Tech Co-Chair: Tim Lieuwen, Georgia Tech Secretary: Vince McDonell, U of California-Irvine Education: Yongho Sohn, U of Central Florida Combustion: Dom Santavicca, Penn State Materials: Eric Jordan, U of Connecticut Aero / Ht Transfer: Jeffrey Bons, Brigham Young Diagnostics: Scott Sanders, U. of Wisconsin Academic Advisory Board (AAB) Contact any of us with your concerns/issues!!! Goals for the AAB * Provide guidance to the UTSR Program

133

Data:6793dbb6-203f-4fec-b734-2aebaee98017 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dbb6-203f-4fec-b734-2aebaee98017 dbb6-203f-4fec-b734-2aebaee98017 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Small Commercial Single-Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

134

Data:68947f56-5be5-474a-9246-2dca88e83a7d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-5be5-474a-9246-2dca88e83a7d -5be5-474a-9246-2dca88e83a7d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Demand & Energy Billing 75-350 kva Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

135

Contribution of organic carbon to wood smoke particulate matter absorption  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contribution of organic carbon to wood smoke particulate matter absorption Contribution of organic carbon to wood smoke particulate matter absorption of solar radiation Title Contribution of organic carbon to wood smoke particulate matter absorption of solar radiation Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Kirchstetter, Thomas W., and Tracy L. Thatcher Journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Volume 12 Pagination 6067-6072 Abstract A spectroscopic analysis of 115 wintertime partic- ulate matter samples collected in rural California shows that wood smoke absorbs solar radiation with a strong spectral se- lectivity. This is consistent with prior work that has demon- strated that organic carbon (OC), in addition to black car- bon (BC), appreciably absorbs solar radiation in the visible and ultraviolet spectral regions. We apportion light absorp-

136

DOE/EIS-0397: Lyle Falls Fish Passage Project Final Environmental Impact Statement (November 2008)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lyle Falls Fish Passage Project Lyle Falls Fish Passage Project Final Environmental Impact Statement DOE/EIS-0397 November 2008 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N BON N E V I L L E POW E R AD M I N I S T R A T I O N DOE/BP-3957 November 2008 Lyle Falls Fish Passage Facility Lyle Falls Fish Passage Project Final Environmental Impact Statement Bonneville Power Administration Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife U.S.D.A. Forest Service November 2008 Lyle Falls Fish Passage Facility Lyle Falls Fish Passage Project Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) DOE/EIS-0397

137

Data:D4b211c5-938e-45ab-a5b8-edc53ed137e1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c5-938e-45ab-a5b8-edc53ed137e1 c5-938e-45ab-a5b8-edc53ed137e1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation, Three-Phase Controlled Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

138

Data:350aa617-2f1b-4069-907e-0c40fe10a1e3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

17-2f1b-4069-907e-0c40fe10a1e3 17-2f1b-4069-907e-0c40fe10a1e3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation, Single-Phase Controlled Pivot Energy Only Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

139

Data:A1033a3d-3ede-44fd-b543-8d8c7d856c76 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a3d-3ede-44fd-b543-8d8c7d856c76 a3d-3ede-44fd-b543-8d8c7d856c76 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Coincidental Peak Billing Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

140

Data:44fb2115-d097-4078-b11e-cde48f1f7da9 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fb2115-d097-4078-b11e-cde48f1f7da9 fb2115-d097-4078-b11e-cde48f1f7da9 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Load 350-1500kva Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

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141

Data:D9dbd362-cb4e-4007-91f7-9fd58ec6182c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dbd362-cb4e-4007-91f7-9fd58ec6182c dbd362-cb4e-4007-91f7-9fd58ec6182c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Town Residential Single-Phase Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

142

Microsoft Word - 2006FactSR120.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deposition of Alternative (Syngas) Fuels on Turbine Blades with Film Cooling Deposition of Alternative (Syngas) Fuels on Turbine Blades with Film Cooling FACT SHEET I. PROJECT PARTICIPANTS Drs. Jeffrey Bons and Thomas Fletcher, Brigham Young University, 435 CTB, PO Box 24201, Provo, Utah 84602 (801) 422-8036 jbons@byu.edu Tom George, National Energy Technology Laboratory, P O Box 880, 3610 Collins Ferry Rd, Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 (304) 285-4825 tgeorg@netl.doe.gov Richard Wenglarz, South Carolina Institute for Energy Studies, 386-2 College Ave., Clemson, SC 29634 (864) 656-2267 rwnglrz@clemson.edu II. PROJECT DESCRIPTION A. Objectives This effort will address three critical technical issues associated with syngas use in gas turbines: (1) The effects of syngas deposition, erosion, and corrosion at elevated temperatures

143

TEWI Analysis: Its Utility, Its Shortcomings, and Its Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The past decade has been a challenging time for the refrigeration and air conditioning industry worldwide. Provisions of the Montreal Protocol and its amendments require the phaseout of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) and hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) compounds that have been used extensively as insulating foam blowing agents and refrigerants in refrigeration systems, heat pumps, and air conditioners. In response, hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) compounds were proposed, developed, and are starting to be used as the primary alternatives to CFCs and HCFCs. However, in 1997 under the Kyoto Protocol, industrialized nations have agreed to roll back emissions of HCFCs, carbon dioxide (CO*), and four other greenhouse gases which threaten to cause excessive global warming. The US. Department of Energy and the Alternative Fluorocarbon Environmental Acceptability Study (AFEAS) jointly sponsored research projects to identify the major applications of CFCs, HCFCs, and HFCs and to examine the impacts of these compounds and the energy use of applications employing these compounds on global warming. The five major uses of fluorocarbons based on sales were automobile air conditioning, supermarket refrigeration, unitary heat pumps and air conditioning, chillers for cooling large office buildings, and household refrigeration. Almost all of the refrigerants used in these applications are global warming gases, and if the refrigerant leaks out of the system during operation, is lost during maintenance or is not recovered when the system is scraped, it contributes to global warming. But, it is also true that the energy consumed by refrigeration and air conditioning systems, in the form of electricity or the direct combustion of fossil fuel, results in the release of CO*, the primary cause of atmospheric global warming.

Baxter, V.D.; Fischer, S.K.; Sand, J.R.

1999-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

144

Global warming impacts of ozone-safe refrigerants and refrigeration, heating, and air-conditioning technologies  

SciTech Connect

International agreements mandate the phase-out of many chlorine containing compounds that are used as the working fluid in refrigeration, air-conditioning, and heating equipment. Many of the chemical compounds that have been proposed, and are being used in place of the class of refrigerants eliminated by the Montreal Protocol are now being questioned because of their possible contributions to global warming. Natural refrigerants are put forth as inherently superior to manufactured refrigerants because they have very low or zero global warming potentials (GWPs). Questions are being raised about whether or not these manufactured refrigerants, primarily hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), should be regulated and perhaps phased out in much the same manner as CFCs and HCFCs. Several of the major applications of refrigerants are examined in this paper and the results of an analysis of their contributions to greenhouse warming are presented. Supermarket refrigeration is shown to be an application where alternative technologies have the potential to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) significantly with no clear advantage to either natural or HFC refrigerants. Mixed results are presented for automobile air conditioners with opportunities to reduce GHG emissions dependent on climate and comfort criteria. GHG emissions for hermetic and factory built systems (i.e. household refrigerators/freezers, unitary equipment, chillers) are shown to be dominated by energy use with much greater potential for reduction through efficiency improvements than by selection of refrigerant. The results for refrigerators also illustrate that hydrocarbon and carbon dioxide blown foam insulation have lower overall effects on GHG emissions than HFC blown foams at the cost of increased energy use.

Fischer, S.; Sand, J.; Baxter, V.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Greenhouse Gas Management Program Overview (Fact Sheet)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Program fact sheet highlighting federal requirements for GHG emissions management, FEMP services to help agencies reduce emissions, and additional resources. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) assists Federal agencies with managing their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. GHG management entails measuring emissions and understanding their sources, setting a goal for reducing emissions, developing a plan to meet this goal, and implementing the plan to achieve reductions in emissions. FEMP provides the following services to help Federal agencies meet the requirements of inventorying and reducing their GHG emissions: (1) FEMP offers one-on-one technical assistance to help agencies understand and implement the Federal Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Reporting Guidance and fulfill their inventory reporting requirements. (2) FEMP provides training, tools, and resources on FedCenter to help agencies complete their annual inventories. (3) FEMP serves a leadership role in the interagency Federal Working Group on Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Reporting that develops recommendations to the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) for the Federal Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Reporting Guidance. (4) As the focus continues to shift from measuring emissions (completing inventories) to mitigating emissions (achieving reductions), FEMP is developing a strategic planning framework and resources for agencies to prioritize among a variety of options for mitigating their GHG emissions, so that they achieve their reduction goals in the most cost-effective manner. These resources will help agencies analyze their high-quality inventories to make strategic decisions about where to use limited resources to have the greatest impact on reducing emissions. Greenhouse gases trap heat in the lower atmosphere, warming the earth's surface temperature in a natural process known as the 'greenhouse effect.' GHGs include carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), methane (CH{sub 4}), nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}). Human activities have caused a rapid increase in GHG concentrations. This rising level contributes to global climate change, which contributes to environmental and public health problems.

Not Available

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

G - COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS SYSTEM OPERATIONS G - COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS SYSTEM OPERATIONS Rev. 0, July 9, 2001 G.1 NORMAL STARTUP To conduct normal startup, proceed as follows: 1. Open the supply from Southwest Gas (V-101) and activate AOV-102. a. Open one filter (V-105/V-108 or V-109/V-112), with the other filter line closed and filter drains closed. b. Verify that the SWG supply pressure is 30 psi (PI 104 and PI 118). c. Verify that the blowdown filter is set to drain. 2. Open the by-pass supply to Gemini V-119 and V-18. 3. Gemini discharge valve configuration: a. Open V-19, -20, -20A. b. Valve into operation one set of coalescening filters: Open V-21 and V-22 and Close V-23 and V-24 Or Close V-21 and V-22 and Open V-23 and V-24. 4. Open V-25 at fill and dispenser cabinet 1. 5. Optional the booster blower or Hy-Bon compressor:

147

Data:7b859fcd-47b5-4102-ab05-3fe1364c5be5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fcd-47b5-4102-ab05-3fe1364c5be5 fcd-47b5-4102-ab05-3fe1364c5be5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Farm, Single-Phase Sector: Residential Description: * Applicable to large farm and rural residential 37.5 to 100kva. Additional transformer fee 37.5 kva $2.75/month. Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage

148

SWERA borrador051110  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

informe nacional informe nacional GEF MEM DGE Preparado por: Ing. Norbert Bons Borrador 14-11-05 SWERA borrador 14-11-2005 1 2 MEM DGE - Fundación Solar Contenido Prefacio 5 Resumen ejecutivo 6 Introducción 7 Datos socioeconómicos 7 Geografía y clima de Guatemala 7 Las energías renovables en Guatemala 9 La situación energética del país 13 Balance de energía de Guatemala 13 Marco institucional del sub-sector eléctrico 14 Ministerio de Energía y Minas 14 Comisión Nacional de Energía 15 Administrador del Mercado Mayorista 15 Autoridad designada para los créditos de carbono 16 Marco regulatorio del sub-sector eléctrico 16 Ley general de electricidad 17 Ley de incentivos para el desarrollo de proyectos de energía renovable 17 Sistema eléctrico 17 Generación 17 Transporte 18 Distribución 19 Mercado eléctrico

149

Data:02c3db94-dc82-47c7-8f9d-d4c57e9fc8ae | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-dc82-47c7-8f9d-d4c57e9fc8ae 4-dc82-47c7-8f9d-d4c57e9fc8ae No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Load Voluntary Load Control Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

150

Shane Canon, David Skinner and Jay Srinivasan! NUG2013  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Canon, David Skinner and Canon, David Skinner and Jay Srinivasan! NUG2013 NERSC and HTC --- 1 --- February 1 2, 2 013 Science Strategies @ NERSC Science at Scale P etascale t o E xascale Science through Volume Thousands t o M illions o f S imula6ons Science in Data Petabytes t o Exabytes 2 3 Materials (Genome) Project * Need to gather slides 4 5 Common T hemes * Throughput O riented / E mbarrassingly p arallel * Rapidly I ncreasing d emand f or c omputaBon (outpacing M oore's L aw) * OIen D ata I ntensive * Scaling f rom d esktop o r m id---range s ystems t o HPC c lass s ystems Approaches * Throughput Q ueues * Private/User A llocaFon - Task F armer ( NERSC D eveloped o r C ray P rovided) - MyHadoop - MySGE * Shared - CCM/Torque * Hybrid? - High---Throughput Q ueue S ystems 6 Throughput Queues * Serial Q ueue o n C

151

Data:F56db83d-b034-41af-a4da-a91d395f7fdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

db83d-b034-41af-a4da-a91d395f7fdf db83d-b034-41af-a4da-a91d395f7fdf No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Interruptible Sector: Commercial Description: * Coincident demand is $ 17.80. Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

152

Acoustic Telemetry Studies of Juvenile Chinook Salmon Survival at the Lower Columbia Projects in 2006  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Portland District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers contracted with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to conduct three studies using acoustic telemetry to estimate detection probabilities and survival of juvenile Chinook salmon at three hydropower projects on the lower Columbia River. The primary goals were to estimate detection and survival probabilities based on sampling with JSATS equipment, assess the feasibility of using JSATS for survival studies, and estimate sample sizes needed to obtain a desired level of precision in future studies. The 2006 JSATS arrays usually performed as well or better than radio telemetry arrays in the JDA and TDA tailwaters, and underperformed radio arrays in the BON tailwater, particularly in spring. Most of the probabilities of detection on at least one of all arrays in a tailwater exceeded 80% for each method, which was sufficient to provide confidence in survival estimates. The probability of detection on one of three arrays includes survival and detection probabilities because fish may die or pass all three arrays undetected but alive.

Ploskey, Gene R.; Weiland, Mark A.; Hughes, James S.; Zimmerman, Shon A.; Durham, Robin E.; Fischer, Eric S.; Kim, Jina; Townsend, Richard L.; Skalski, John R.; McComas, Roy L.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Data:776691a8-8f15-4a1d-8750-9fc4b3d9132c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

91a8-8f15-4a1d-8750-9fc4b3d9132c 91a8-8f15-4a1d-8750-9fc4b3d9132c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation, Off Season Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

154

Data:43b429eb-2d1c-4b3f-91e7-f5a71dda9dae | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9eb-2d1c-4b3f-91e7-f5a71dda9dae 9eb-2d1c-4b3f-91e7-f5a71dda9dae No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Small Commercial, Single-Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

155

Evaluation of metrics and baselines for tracking greenhouse gas emissions trends: Recommendations for the California climate action registry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Executive Summary: The California Climate Action Registry, which was initially established in 2000 and began operation in Fall 2002, is a voluntary registry for recording annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The purpose of the Registry is to assist California businesses and organizations in their efforts to inventory and document emissions in order to establish a baseline and to document early actions to increase energy efficiency and decrease GHG emissions. The State of California has committed to use its ''best efforts'' to ensure that entities that establish GHG emissions baselines and register their emissions will receive ''appropriate consideration under any future international, federal, or state regulatory scheme relating to greenhouse gas emissions.'' Reporting of GHG emissions involves documentation of both ''direct'' emissions from sources that are under the entity's control and indirect emissions controlled by others. Electricity generated by an off-site power source is consider ed to be an indirect GHG emission and is required to be included in the entity's report. Registry participants include businesses, non-profit organizations, municipalities, state agencies, and other entities. Participants are required to register the GHG emissions of all operations in California, and are encouraged to report nationwide. For the first three years of participation, the Registry only requires the reporting of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, although participants are encouraged to report the remaining five Kyoto Protocol GHGs (CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, and SF6). After three years, reporting of all six Kyoto GHG emissions is required. The enabling legislation for the Registry (SB 527) requires total GHG emissions to be registered and requires reporting of ''industry-specific metrics'' once such metrics have been adopted by the Registry. The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) was asked to provide technical assistance to the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission) related to the Registry in three areas: (1) assessing the availability and usefulness of industry-specific metrics, (2) evaluating various methods for establishing baselines for calculating GHG emissions reductions related to specific actions taken by Registry participants, and (3) establishing methods for calculating electricity CO2 emission factors. The third area of research was completed in 2002 and is documented in Estimating Carbon Dioxide Emissions Factors for the California Electric Power Sector (Marnay et al., 2002). This report documents our findings related to the first areas of research. For the first area of research, the overall objective was to evaluate the metrics, such as emissions per economic unit or emissions per unit of production that can be used to report GHG emissions trends for potential Registry participants. This research began with an effort to identify methodologies, benchmarking programs, inventories, protocols, and registries that u se industry-specific metrics to track trends in energy use or GHG emissions in order to determine what types of metrics have already been developed. The next step in developing industry-specific metrics was to assess the availability of data needed to determine metric development priorities. Berkeley Lab also determined the relative importance of different potential Registry participant categories in order to asses s the availability of sectoral or industry-specific metrics and then identified industry-specific metrics in use around the world. While a plethora of metrics was identified, no one metric that adequately tracks trends in GHG emissions while maintaining confidentiality of data was identified. As a result of this review, Berkeley Lab recommends the development of a GHG intensity index as a new metric for reporting and tracking GHG emissions trends.Such an index could provide an industry-specific metric for reporting and tracking GHG emissions trends to accurately reflect year to year changes while protecting proprietary data. This GHG intensity index changes

Price, Lynn; Murtishaw, Scott; Worrell, Ernst

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z