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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Landfill gas recovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Landfill gas recovery ... However, by referring to landfills as dumps, the article creates a misimpression. ... The answers revolve around the relative emissions from composting facilities and landfills and the degree to which either finished compost or landfill gas is used beneficially. ...

Morton A. Barlaz

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

2

Landfill Gas Resources and Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This page provides a brief overview of landfill gas energy resources and technologies supplemented by specific information to apply landfill gas energy within the Federal sector.

3

Landfill Gas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Landfill Gas Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleLandfillGas&oldid267173" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

4

Enhancing landfill gas recovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The landfilling of municipal solid waste (MSW) may cause potential environmental impacts like global warming (GW), soil contaminations, and groundwater pollution. The degradation of MSW in anaerobic circumstances generates methane emissions, and can hence contribute the GW. As the GW is nowadays considered as one of the most serious environmental threats, the mitigation of methane emissions should obviously be aimed at on every landfill site where methane generation occurs. In this study, the treatment and utilization options for the generated LFG at case landfills which are located next to each other are examined. The yearly GHG emission balances are estimated for three different gas management scenarios. The first scenario is the combined heat and power (CHP) production with a gas engine. The second scenario is the combination of heat generation for the asphalt production process in the summer and district heat production by a water boiler in the winter. The third scenario is the LFG upgrading to biomethane. The estimation results illustrate that the LFG collection efficiency affects strongly on the magnitudes of GHG emissions. According to the results, the CHP production gives the highest GHG emission savings and is hence recommended as a gas utilization option for case landfills. Furthermore, aspects related to the case landfills' extraction are discussed.

Antti Niskanen; Hanna Vrri; Jouni Havukainen; Ville Uusitalo; Mika Horttanainen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Landfill Gas Fueled HCCI Demonstration System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USA ICEF2006-1578 LANDFILL GAS FUELED HCCI DEMONSTRATIONengine that runs on landfill gas. The project team led bynatural gas and simulated landfill gas as a fuel source.

Blizman, Brandon J.; Makel, Darby B.; Mack, John Hunter; Dibble, Robert W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Landfill Gas Fueled HCCI Demonstration System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USA ICEF2006-1578 LANDFILL GAS FUELED HCCI DEMONSTRATIONengine that runs on landfill gas. The project team led bygas and simulated landfill gas as a fuel source. This

Blizman, Brandon J.; Makel, Darby B.; Mack, John Hunter; Dibble, Robert W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Landfill Gas Generation and Transport In Bioreactor Landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The activation gas and water flow each other in Bioreactor Landfill. Based on the porous media seepage and ... of water and waste components decomposition for describing landfill gas flow have been developed, and...

Qi-Lin Feng; Lei Liu; Qiang Xue; Ying Zhao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Monitoring of Gin Drinkers' Bay landfill, Hong Kong: I. Landfill gas on top of the landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present study centered on the composition of landfill gas and its effects on soil and ... at the Gin Drinkers' Bay (GDB) landfill in Hong Kong This first part of ... the study was a whole-year monitoring of landfill

M. H. Wong; C. T. Yu

9

LATERAL LANDFILL GAS MIGRATION: CHARACTERIZATION AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LATERAL LANDFILL GAS MIGRATION: CHARACTERIZATION AND PRELIMINARY MODELING RESULTS O.BOUR*, E,UniversitéLaval, Sainte-Foy, Canada SUMMARY: Lateral landfill gas migration occurs in the surroundings of a MSW landfill complementary physical measures were used to build a conceptual model of lateral landfill gas migration

Boyer, Edmond

10

Landfill Gas Sequestration in Kansas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Road Road P.O. Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26505-0880 304-285-4132 Heino.beckert@netl.doe.gov David newell Principal Investigator Kansas Geological Survey 1930 Constant Avenue Lawrence, KS 66045 785-864-2183 dnewall@kgs.uk.edu LandfiLL Gas sequestration in Kansas Background Municipal solid waste landfills are the largest source of anthropogenic methane emissions in the United States, accounting for about 34 percent of these emissions in 2004. Most methane (CH 4 ) generated in landfills and open dumps by anaerobic decomposition of the organic material in solid-waste-disposal landfills is either vented to the atmosphere or converted to carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) by flaring. The gas consists of about 50 percent methane (CH 4 ), the primary component of natural gas, about 50 percent carbon dioxide (CO

11

RCWMD Badlands Landfill Gas Project Biomass Facility | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RCWMD Badlands Landfill Gas Project Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name RCWMD Badlands Landfill Gas Project Biomass Facility Facility RCWMD Badlands Landfill Gas...

12

Penrose Landfill Gas Conversion LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Penrose Landfill Gas Conversion LLC Place: Los Angeles, California Product: Owner of landfill gas plant. References: Penrose Landfill Gas Conversion LLC1 This article is a stub....

13

Winnebago County Landfill Gas Biomass Facility | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Winnebago County Landfill Gas Biomass Facility Facility Winnebago County Landfill Gas Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Winnebago County, Wisconsin Coordinates...

14

List of Landfill Gas Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incentives Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 377 Landfill Gas Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 377) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active APS - Renewable Energy Incentive Program (Arizona) Utility Rebate Program Arizona Commercial Residential Anaerobic Digestion Biomass Daylighting Geothermal Electric Ground Source Heat Pumps Landfill Gas Other Distributed Generation Technologies Photovoltaics Small Hydroelectric Solar Pool Heating Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Process Heat Solar Water Heat Wind energy Yes Advanced Energy Fund (Ohio) Public Benefits Fund Ohio Commercial Industrial Institutional Residential Utility Biomass CHP/Cogeneration Fuel Cells Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Geothermal Electric

15

Landfill Gas | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Landfill Gas Landfill Gas Dataset Summary Description The UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) publishes annual renewable energy generation and capacity by region (9 regions in England, plus Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland). Data available 2003 to 2009. Data is included in the DECC Energy Trends: September 2010 Report (available: http://www.decc.gov.uk/assets/decc/Statistics/publications/trends/558-tr...) Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released September 30th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Energy Generation Hydro Landfill Gas Other Biofuels Renewable Energy Consumption Sewage Gas wind Data application/zip icon 2 Excel files, 1 for generation, 1 for capacity (zip, 24.9 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed

16

Occupational Safety at Landfill Sites - Hazards and Pollution Due to Landfill Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Landfill gas is formed on a large scale ... of methane gas which escapes every year from landfill sites in the Federal Republic of Germany ... about 2.5 million standard cubic metres. Landfill gas (LFG) with its ...

Volkmar Wilhelm

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Lessons from Loscoe: the uncontrolled migration of landfill gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the uncontrolled migration of landfill gas G. M. Williams 1 N. Aitkenhead...Environment, 1989. The Control of Landfill Gas. HMSO, London. Doelle, H...1988. Trace constituents in landfill gas. Gas Research Institute. Frost...

G. M. Williams; N. Aitkenhead

18

Landfill Gas Fueled HCCI Demonstration System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural Gas Nitric Oxide/Nitrogen Dioxide Neal Road LandfillThe methane, nitrogen and carbon dioxide concentrations ofmethane, 30% nitrogen and 30% carbon dioxide. The recorded

Blizman, Brandon J.; Makel, Darby B.; Mack, John Hunter; Dibble, Robert W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Influence assessment of landfill gas pumping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Changes in CH4 gas concentrations arising in a landfill as a consequence of a number of gas extraction pumping rates, are characterized. The field-monitored results indicate a fairly free flow of gas through the ...

Edward A. McBean; Anthony J. Crutcher; Frank A. Rovers

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Landfill Gas Fueled HCCI Demonstration System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 121:569-operations with natural gas: Fuel composition implications,USA ICEF2006-1578 LANDFILL GAS FUELED HCCI DEMONSTRATION

Blizman, Brandon J.; Makel, Darby B.; Mack, John Hunter; Dibble, Robert W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Federal Energy Management Program: Landfill Gas Resources and Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Landfill Gas Landfill Gas Resources and Technologies to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Landfill Gas Resources and Technologies on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Landfill Gas Resources and Technologies on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Landfill Gas Resources and Technologies on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Landfill Gas Resources and Technologies on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Landfill Gas Resources and Technologies on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Landfill Gas Resources and Technologies on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Technology Deployment Renewable Energy Federal Requirements Renewable Resources & Technologies

22

Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Landfill Gas-to-Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stories: Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects Webinar (text version) Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects Webinar (text version) Below is the text...

23

Development of Biochar-Amended Landfill Cover for Landfill Gas Mitigation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Development of Biochar-Amended Landfill Cover for Landfill Gas Mitigation Poupak Yaghoubi Department of Civil Engineering University of Illinois at Chicago Chicago, Illinois (2011) Dissertation Chairperson: (more)

Yaghoubi, Poupak

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Forecast and Control Methods of Landfill Emission Gas to Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main component of landfill gas is CH4, its release is a potential hazard to the environment. To understand the gas law and landfill gas production are the prerequisite for effective control of landfill gas. This paper selects three kinds of typical ... Keywords: Landfill gas, German model, IPCC model, Marticorena dynamic model

Wang Qi; Yang Meihua; Wang Jie

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Tapping Landfill Gas to Provide Significant Energy Savings and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Two Large Landfill Projects BroadRock Renewables, LLC built two high efficiency electricity generating facilities that utilize landfill gas in California and Rhode Island. The...

26

Landfill Gas: From Rubbish to Resource  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The prospects of using landfill gas (LFG) as a high-grade fuel...Kyoto Protocols, and energy prices, are discussed. Adsorption cycles suggested in the late 1980s by Sircar and co-workers for treating LFG are revi...

Kent S. Knaebel; Herbert E. Reinhold

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Landfill Gas Formation, Recovery and Emission in The Netherlands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Landfills are one of the main sources of methane in The Netherlands. Methane emissions from landfills are estimated to be about 180580 ... at a total of 7601730 ktonnes. Landfill gas recovery and utilization is...

Hans Oonk

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Capturing, Purifying, and Liquefying Landfill Gas for Transportation Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Capturing, Purifying, and Liquefying Landfill Gas for Transportation Fuel TRANSPORTATION ENERGY alternative fuel, and purified landfill gas could provide a renewable domestic source of it. Landfills from landfills and use it in natural gas applications such as fueling motor vehicles. Project

29

Characterization of Landfill Gas Composition at the Fresh Kills Municipal Solid-Waste Landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Characterization of Landfill Gas Composition at the Fresh Kills Municipal Solid-Waste Landfill ... The most common disposal method in the United States for municipal solid waste (MSW) is burial in landfills. ... Under the New Source Performance Standards and Emission Guidelines for MSW landfills, MSW operators are required to determine the nonmethane organic gas generation rate of their landfill through modeling and/or measurements. ...

Bart Eklund; Eric P. Anderson; Barry L. Walker; Don B. Burrows

1998-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

30

Landfill Gas Resources and Technologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Landfill Gas Resources and Technologies Landfill Gas Resources and Technologies Landfill Gas Resources and Technologies October 7, 2013 - 9:27am Addthis Photo of a bulldozer on top of a large trash mound in a landfill with a cloudy sky in the backdrop. Methane and other gases produced from landfill decomposition can be leveraged for energy. This page provides a brief overview of landfill gas energy resources and technologies supplemented by specific information to apply landfill gas energy within the Federal sector. Overview Landfill gases are a viable energy resource created during waste decomposition. Landfills are present in most communities. These resources can be tapped to generate heat and electricity. As organic waste decomposes, bio-gas is produced made up of roughly half methane, half carbon dioxide, and small amounts of non-methane organic

31

Using landfill gas for energy: Projects that pay  

SciTech Connect

Pending Environmental Protection Agency regulations will require 500 to 700 landfills to control gas emissions resulting from decomposing garbage. Conversion of landfill gas to energy not only meets regulations, but also creates energy and revenue for local governments.

NONE

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Modeling and simulation of landfill gas production from pretreated MSW landfill simulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cumulative landfill gas (LFG) production and its rate ... simulated for pretreated municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill using four models namely first order exponential ... . Considering the behavior of the p...

Rasool Bux Mahar; Abdul Razaque Sahito

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

DETERMINATION OF GUIDANCE VALUES FOR CLOSED LANDFILL GAS EMISSIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DETERMINATION OF GUIDANCE VALUES FOR CLOSED LANDFILL GAS EMISSIONS O. BOUR*, S. BERGER**, C Gambetta, 74 000 Annecy SUMMARY: In order to promote active landfill gas collection and treatment or natural attenuation, it is necessary to identify trigger values concerning landfill gas emissions

Boyer, Edmond

34

Soil gas investigations at the Sanitary Landfill  

SciTech Connect

A soil gas survey was performed at the 740-G Sanitary Landfill of Savannah River Plant during December, 1990. The survey monitored the presence and distribution of the C{sub 1}C{sub 4} hydrocarbons; the C{sub 5}-C{sub 10} normal paraffins; the aromatic hydrocarbons, BTXE; selected chlorinated hydrocarbons; and mercury. Significant levels of several of these contaminants were found associated with the burial site. In the northern area of the Landfill, methane concentrations ranged up to 63% of the soil gas and were consistently high on the western side of the access road. To the east of the access road in the northern and southern area high concentrations of methane were encountered but were not consistently high. Methane, the species found in highest concentration in the landfill, was generated in the landfill as the result of biological oxidation of cellulose and other organics to carbon dioxide followed by reduction of the carbon dioxide to methane. Distributions of other species are the result of burials in the landfill of solvents or other materials.

Wyatt, D.E.; Pirkle, R.J.; Masdea, D.J.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Soil gas investigations at the Sanitary Landfill  

SciTech Connect

A soil gas survey was performed at the 740-G Sanitary Landfill of Savannah River Plant during December, 1990. The survey monitored the presence and distribution of the C[sub 1]C[sub 4] hydrocarbons; the C[sub 5]-C[sub 10] normal paraffins; the aromatic hydrocarbons, BTXE; selected chlorinated hydrocarbons; and mercury. Significant levels of several of these contaminants were found associated with the burial site. In the northern area of the Landfill, methane concentrations ranged up to 63% of the soil gas and were consistently high on the western side of the access road. To the east of the access road in the northern and southern area high concentrations of methane were encountered but were not consistently high. Methane, the species found in highest concentration in the landfill, was generated in the landfill as the result of biological oxidation of cellulose and other organics to carbon dioxide followed by reduction of the carbon dioxide to methane. Distributions of other species are the result of burials in the landfill of solvents or other materials.

Wyatt, D.E.; Pirkle, R.J.; Masdea, D.J.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

landfill, landfill(ed) site, refuse dump, garbage dump ... depository, trash disposal site (US); sanitary landfill [Landfills may often release a toxic soup of...] ? Abfalldeponie f [Zur Endlagerung ...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Franklin County Sanitary Landfill - Landfill Gas (LFG) to Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) - Project  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

FRANKLIN COUNTY SANITARY FRANKLIN COUNTY SANITARY LANDFILL - LANDFILL GAS (LFG) TO LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) - PROJECT January/February 2005 Prepared for: National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 Table of Contents Page BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................1 SUMMARY OF EFFORT PERFORMED ......................................................................................2 Task 2B.1 - Literature Search and Contacts Made...................................................................2 Task 2B.2 - LFG Resource/Resource Collection System - Project Phase One.......................3 Conclusion.................................................................................................................................5

38

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Natural Gas From Landfill Powers  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Natural Gas Renewable Natural Gas From Landfill Powers Refuse Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Natural Gas From Landfill Powers Refuse Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Natural Gas From Landfill Powers Refuse Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Natural Gas From Landfill Powers Refuse Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Natural Gas From Landfill Powers Refuse Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Natural Gas From Landfill Powers Refuse Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Natural Gas From Landfill Powers Refuse Vehicles on AddThis.com... April 13, 2013

39

Methane Gas Utilization Project from Landfill at Ellery (NY)  

SciTech Connect

Landfill Gas to Electric Energy Generation and Transmission at Chautauqua County Landfill, Town of Ellery, New York. The goal of this project was to create a practical method with which the energy, of the landfill gas produced by the decomposing waste at the Chautauqua County Landfill, could be utilized. This goal was accomplished with the construction of a landfill gas to electric energy plant (originally 6.4MW and now 9.6MW) and the construction of an inter-connection power-line, from the power-plant to the nearest (5.5 miles) power-grid point.

Pantelis K. Panteli

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

40

Is converting landfill gas to energy the best option?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Is converting landfill gas to energy the best option? ... But when it comes to new discards, critics say that the hype over landfill-gas-to-energy(LFGTE) projects may have perverse outcomes, such as discouraging the diversion of organic waste from landfills and actually increasing the amount of methane being released. ... In the notice, EDF suggests that EPA tighten current controls, which require the capture and flaring of landfill gas at sites with more than 2.5 million metric tons of waste, by bringing regulation to smaller landfills and defining LFGTE projects as the best demonstrated technology (BDT). ...

Janet Pelley

2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Characteristics of vegetation and its relationship with landfill gas in closed landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An investigation was carried out to elucidate landfill gas (LFG) and the vegetation characteristics in closed landfill. The results indicate that the stabilization process of the landfill is an important factor influencing the components of landfill gases. The coverage, height and species of vegetation increase with the closed time of landfill. Fourteen species were observed in the investigated cells, dominated by Phragmites australis, an invasive perennial plant. The concentrations of methane and carbon dioxide from vegetated cover soil were lower than those from non-vegetated cover soil.

Chai Xiaoli; Zhao Xin; Lou Ziyang; Takayuki Shimaoka; Hirofumi Nakayama; Cao Xianyan; Zhao Youcai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Landfill gas emission prediction using Voronoi diagrams and importance sampling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills are among the nation's largest emitters of methane, a key greenhouse gas, and there is considerable interest in quantifying the surficial methane emissions from landfills. There are limitations in obtaining accurate ... Keywords: Air dispersion modeling, Delaunay tessellation, Kriging, Least squares, MSW landfill, Voronoi diagram

K. R. Mackie; C. D. Cooper

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual landfill gas Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

gas emissions and potential aqueous... Transfer Stations (MTS); Life Cycle Assessment (LCA); Landfill Gas (LFG): Geographic Wormation Systems (GIS... . Landfills generate gas...

44

List of Small Hydroelectric Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydroelectric Incentives Hydroelectric Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 1253 Small Hydroelectric Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-1000) CSV (rows 1001-1253) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active 401 Certification (Vermont) Environmental Regulations Vermont Utility Industrial Biomass/Biogas Coal with CCS Geothermal Electric Hydroelectric energy Small Hydroelectric Nuclear Yes APS - Renewable Energy Incentive Program (Arizona) Utility Rebate Program Arizona Commercial Residential Anaerobic Digestion Biomass Daylighting Geothermal Electric Ground Source Heat Pumps Landfill Gas Other Distributed Generation Technologies Photovoltaics Small Hydroelectric Solar Pool Heating Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Process Heat

45

Slippage solution of gas pressure distribution in process of landfill gas seepage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mathematical model of landfill gas migration was established under presumption of the ... a large impact on gas pressure distribution. Landfill gas pressure and pressure gradient considering slippage effect...

Qiang Xue; Xia-ting Feng; Bing Liang

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Migration of landfill gas and its control by groutinga case history  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Article Migration of landfill gas and its control by grouting-a...London. Parker, A. 1981. Landfill gas problems-case histories. Proceedings of Landfill Gas Symposium, UK AERE Harwell. Rees...

J. G. Raybould; D. J. Anderson

47

Analysis of Changes in Landfill Gas Output and the Economic Potential for Development of a Landfill Gas Control Prototype.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The relationship between changes in local atmospheric conditions and the performance of the landfill gas collection system installed at the Rockingham County (NC) municipal solid (more)

Harrill, David Justin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Capture and Utilisation of Landfill Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

about 955 landfills that recovered biogas. The largest number of such landfills were in the USA landfills in Denmark that in total captured 5,800Nm3 of biogas per hour, equivalent to 276.4MW of contained #12;Biomass US DATA ON GENERATION OF BIOGAS AT LANDFILLS Eileen Berenyi, a Research Associate of EEC

Columbia University

49

Lopez Landfill Gas Utilization Project Biomass Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lopez Landfill Gas Utilization Project Biomass Facility Lopez Landfill Gas Utilization Project Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Lopez Landfill Gas Utilization Project Biomass Facility Facility Lopez Landfill Gas Utilization Project Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Los Angeles County, California Coordinates 34.3871821°, -118.1122679° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.3871821,"lon":-118.1122679,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

50

UNFCCC-Consolidated baseline and monitoring methodology for landfill gas  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNFCCC-Consolidated baseline and monitoring methodology for landfill gas UNFCCC-Consolidated baseline and monitoring methodology for landfill gas project activities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNFCCC-Consolidated baseline and monitoring methodology for landfill gas project activities Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, - Landfill Gas Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: cdm.unfccc.int/public_inputs/meth/acm0001/index.html Cost: Free Language: English References: UNFCCC-Consolidated baseline and monitoring methodology for landfill gas project activities[1] This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. References

51

Balefill Landfill Gas Utilization Proj Biomass Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Balefill Landfill Gas Utilization Proj Biomass Facility Balefill Landfill Gas Utilization Proj Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Balefill Landfill Gas Utilization Proj Biomass Facility Facility Balefill Landfill Gas Utilization Proj Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Bergen County, New Jersey Coordinates 40.9262762°, -74.07701° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.9262762,"lon":-74.07701,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

52

Olinda Landfill Gas Recovery Plant Biomass Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Olinda Landfill Gas Recovery Plant Biomass Facility Olinda Landfill Gas Recovery Plant Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Olinda Landfill Gas Recovery Plant Biomass Facility Facility Olinda Landfill Gas Recovery Plant Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Orange County, California Coordinates 33.7174708°, -117.8311428° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.7174708,"lon":-117.8311428,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

53

Spadra Landfill Gas to Energy Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spadra Landfill Gas to Energy Biomass Facility Spadra Landfill Gas to Energy Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Spadra Landfill Gas to Energy Biomass Facility Facility Spadra Landfill Gas to Energy Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Los Angeles County, California Coordinates 34.3871821°, -118.1122679° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.3871821,"lon":-118.1122679,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

54

Hartford Landfill Gas Utilization Proj Biomass Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hartford Landfill Gas Utilization Proj Biomass Facility Hartford Landfill Gas Utilization Proj Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Hartford Landfill Gas Utilization Proj Biomass Facility Facility Hartford Landfill Gas Utilization Proj Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Hartford County, Connecticut Coordinates 41.7924343°, -72.8042797° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.7924343,"lon":-72.8042797,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

55

Woodland Landfill Gas Recovery Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Landfill Gas Recovery Biomass Facility Landfill Gas Recovery Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Woodland Landfill Gas Recovery Biomass Facility Facility Woodland Landfill Gas Recovery Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Kane County, Illinois Coordinates 41.987884°, -88.4016041° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.987884,"lon":-88.4016041,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

56

Bioenergy recovery from landfill gas: A case study in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Landfill gas (LFG) utilization which means a synergy...3/h and the methane concentration was above 90%. The process and optimization of the pilot-scale test were also reported in the paper. The product gas was of...

Wei Wang; Yuxiang Luo; Zhou Deng

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

The influence of air inflow on CH4 composition ratio in landfill gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When landfill gas is collected, air inflow into the landfill...4 productivity. The decline of CH4 content in landfill gas (LFG) negatively affects energy projects. We...2 was an effective indicator of air inflow ...

Seung-Kyu Chun

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

The Emissions of Major Aromatic Voc as Landfill Gas from Urban Landfill Sites in Korea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, concentrations of major aromatic VOCs were determined from landfill gas (LFG) at a total of five...?1 (WJ in wintertime). The LFG flux values of aromatic VOC, when compared to the contribution of n...

Ki-Hyun Kim; Sung Ok Baek; Ye-Jin Choi

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Landfill gas with hydrogen addition A fuel for SI engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recent quest to replace fossil fuels with renewable and sustainable energy sources has increased interest on utilization of landfill and bio gases. It is further augmented due to environment concerns and global warming caused by burning of conventional fossil fuels, energy security concerns and high cost of crude oil, and renewable nature of these gases. The main portion of landfill gas or biogas is comprised of methane and carbon dioxide with some other gases in small proportions. Methane if released directly to the atmosphere causes about 21 times global warming effects than carbon dioxide. Thus landfill gas is generally flared, where the energy recovery is not in place in practice. Using landfill gas to generate energy not only encourages more efficient collection reducing emissions into the atmosphere but also generates revenues for operators and local governments. However, use of landfill gases for energy production is not always perceived as an attractive option because of some disadvantages. Thus it becomes necessary to address these disadvantages involved by studying landfill gases in a technological perspective and motivate utilization of landfill gas for future energy needs. This paper discussed landfill gas as a fuel for a spark ignition engine to produce power in an effective way. It has been shown that though the performance and combustion characteristics of the landfill gas fueled engine deteriorated in comparison with methane operation, increasing compression ratio and advancing spark timing improved the performance of the landfill gas operation in par with methane operation. The effects due to composition changes in the landfill gas were found more pronounced at lean and rich mixture operation than at stoichiometry. In addition, the effects of additions of hydrogen up to 30% in the landfill gas were studied. Addition of even small quantities of hydrogen such as 35% delivered better performance improvement particularly at the lean and rich limit operations and extended the operational limits. Additions of hydrogen also improved the combustion characteristics and reduced cyclic variations of landfill gas operations especially at the lean and rich mixtures.

S.O. Bade Shrestha; G. Narayanan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

LANDFILL-GAS-TO-ENERGY PROJECTS: AN ANALYSIS OF NET PRIVATE AND SOCIAL BENEFITS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Materials Table A1: Model Results for West Lake Landfill WEST LAKE IC Engine Gas Turbine Steam Turbine Landfill WEST COUNTY IC Engine Gas Turbine Steam Turbine Average Landfill Gas Generation (mmcf/yr) 1,075 1,735 $1,250 Table A3: Model Results for Modern Landfill MODERN IC Engine Gas Turbine Steam Turbine Average

Jaramillo, Paulina

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Estimation of Landfill Gas Generation Rate and Gas Permeability Field of Refuse Using Inverse Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Landfill methane must be captured to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases; moreover it can be used as an alternative energy source. However, despite the widespread use of landfill gas (LFG) collection systems for...

Yoojin Jung; Paul Imhoff; Stefan Finsterle

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Passive drainage and biofiltration of landfill gas: behaviour and performance in a temperate climate.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Microbial oxidation of methane has attracted interest as an alternative process for treating landfill gas emissions. Approaches have included enhanced landfill cover layers and biocovers, (more)

Dever, Stuart Anthony

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide from Landfill Gas Using a Solar Regenerable Adsorbent.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Landfill gas is a complex mix of gases, containing methane, carbon dioxide, nitrogen and hydrogen sulfide, created by the action of microorganisms within the landfill. (more)

Kalapala, Sreevani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Effects of landfill gas on subtropical woody plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An account is given of the influence of landfill gas on tree growth in the field at...Acacia confusa, Albizzia lebbek, Aporusa chinensis, Bombax malabaricum, Castanopsis fissa, Liquidambar formosana, Litsea gluti...

G. Y. S. Chan; M. H. Wong; B. A. Whitton

65

July 17, 2012, Webinar: Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

This webinar, held July 17, 2012, provided information on the challenges and benefits of developing successful community landfill gas-to-energy projects in Will County, Illinois, and Escambia...

66

Feasibility study: utilization of landfill gas for a vehicle fuel system, Rossman's landfill, Clackamas County, Oregon  

SciTech Connect

In 1978, a landfill operator in Oregon became interested in the technical and economic feasibility of recovering the methane generated in the landfill for the refueling of vehicles. DOE awarded a grant for a site-specific feasibility study of this concept. This study investigated the expected methane yield and the development of a conceptual gas-gathering system; gas processing, compressing, and storage systems; and methane-fueled vehicle systems. Cost estimates were made for each area of study. The results of the study are presented. Reasoning that gasoline prices will continue to rise and that approximately 18,000 vehicles in the US have been converted to operate on methane, a project is proposed to use this landfill as a demonstration site to produce and process methane and to fuel a fleet (50 to 400) vehicles with the gas produced in order to obtain performance and economic data on the systems used from gas collection through vehicle operation. (LCL)

None

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Numerical Simulation of the Radius of Influence for Landfill Gas Wells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of the Radius of Influence for Landfill Gas Wells Harold Vigneault a * * Corresponding...used to quantify the efficiency of landfill gas recovery wells for unlined landfills...Results will help with the design of landfill gas recovery systems. In North America...

Harold Vigneault; Ren Lefebvre; Miroslav Nastev

68

Evaluating fugacity models for trace components in landfill gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fugacity approach was evaluated to reconcile loadings of vinyl chloride (chloroethene), benzene, 1,3-butadiene and trichloroethylene in waste with concentrations observed in landfill gas monitoring studies. An evaluative environment derived from fictitious but realistic properties such as volume, composition, and temperature, constructed with data from the Brogborough landfill (UK) test cells was used to test a fugacity approach to generating the source term for use in landfill gas risk assessment models (e.g. GasSim). SOILVE, a dynamic Level II model adapted here for landfills, showed greatest utility for benzene and 1,3-butadiene, modelled under anaerobic conditions over a 10year simulation. Modelled concentrations of these components (95?300?gm?3; 43?gm?3) fell within measured ranges observed in gas from landfills (24?300180?000?gm?3; 2070?gm?3). This study highlights the need (i) for representative and time-referenced biotransformation data; (ii) to evaluate the partitioning characteristics of organic matter within waste systems and (iii) for a better understanding of the role that gas extraction rate (flux) plays in producing trace component concentrations in landfill gas.

Sophie Shafi; Andrew Sweetman; Rupert L. Hough; Richard Smith; Alan Rosevear; Simon J.T. Pollard

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Diversity and activity of methanotrophs in landfill cover soils with and without landfill gas recovery systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Aerobic CH4 oxidation plays an important role in mitigating CH4 release from landfills to the atmosphere. Therefore, in this study, oxidation activity and community of methanotrophs were investigated in a subtropical landfill. Among the three sites investigated, the highest CH4 concentration was detected in the landfill cover soil of the site (A) without a landfill gas (LFG) recovery system, although the refuse in the site had been deposited for a longer time (?1415 years) compared to the other two sites (?611 years) where a LFG recovery system was applied. In April and September, the higher CH4 flux was detected in site A with 72.4 and 51.7gm?2d?1, respectively, compared to the other sites. The abundance of methanotrophs assessed by quantification of pmoA varied with location and season. A linear relationship was observed between the abundance of methanotrophs and CH4 concentrations in the landfill cover soils (R=0.827, P<0.001). The key factors influencing the methanotrophic diversity in the landfill cover soils were pH, the water content and the CH4 concentration in the soil, of which pH was the most important factor. Type I methanotrophs, including Methylococcus, Methylosarcina, Methylomicrobium and Methylobacter, and type II methanotrophs (Methylocystis) were all detected in the landfill cover soils, with Methylocystis and Methylosarcina being the dominant genera. Methylocystis was abundant in the slightly acidic landfill cover soil, especially in September, and represented more than 89% of the total terminal-restriction fragment abundance. These findings indicated that the LFG recovery system, as well as physical and chemical parameters, affected the diversity and activity of methanotrophs in landfill cover soils.

Yao Su; Xuan Zhang; Fang-Fang Xia; Qi-Qi Zhang; Jiao-Yan Kong; Jing Wang; Ruo He

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Meteorological parameters as an important factor on the energy recovery of landfill gas in landfills  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of meteorological factors on the composition and the energy recovery of the landfill gas (LFG) were evaluated in this study. Landfill gas data consisting of methane carbon dioxide and oxygen content as well as LFG temperature were collected from April 2009 to March 2010 along with meteorological data. The data set were first used to visualize the similarity by using self-organizing maps and to calculate correlation factors. Then the data was used with ANN to further analyze the impacts of meteorological factors. In both analysis it is seen that the most important meteorological parameter effective on LFG energy content is soil temperatures. Furthermore ANN was found to be successful in explaining variations of methane content and temperature of LFG with correlation coefficients of 0.706 and 0.984 respectively. ANN was proved itself to be a useful tool for estimating energy recovery of the landfill gas.

?brahim Uyanik; Bestamin zkaya; Selami Demir; Mehmet akmakci

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Toxic oxide deposits from the combustion of landfill gas and biogas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oxide deposits found in combustion systems of landfill gas fired power stations contain relatively high concentrations ... They are selectively transported as part of the landfill gas into the gas-burning devices...

Dietmar Glindemann; Peter Morgenstern

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Removal and determination of trimethylsilanol from the landfill gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The removal and determination of trimethylsilanol (TMSOH) in landfill gas has been studied before and after the special E3000-ITC System. The system works according to principle of temperature swing. The performance of TMSOH and humidity removal was 20% and more than 90%, respectively. The six of active carbons and impinger method were tested on the full-scale landfill in Poland for TMSOH and siloxanes determination. The extraction method and absorption in acetone were used. The concentration of TMSOH and siloxanes were found in range from 23.6 to 29.2mg/m3 and from 18.0 to 38.9mg/m3, respectively. The content of TMSOH in biogas originating from landfill was 41% out of all siloxanes. Moreover, the used system is alternative to other existing technique of landfill gas purification.

Grzegorz Piechota; Manfred Hagmann; Roman Buczkowski

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

The landfill gas activity of the IEA bioenergy agreement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Landfill gas (LFG) is a renewable source of useful energy. Its world wide annual energy potential is in the range of a few hundred TWh. Today it is only marginally exploited. LFG is also an important contributor to the atmospheres CH4-content, it can be estimated to contribute about 25% of the methane coming from anthropogenic sources. In comparison to many other sources of methane emissions such as peat bogs, rice paddies, termites and sheep, landfills can be considered to be point sources, i.e. they are stationary and of limited extension. For this reason landfill gas (LFG) utilisation is one of the most cost effective ways to combat the greenhouse effect. The aim of the IEA activity on LFG is to promote information exchange and co-operation between national programmes in order to promote the proliferation of landfill gas utilisation. During the period 19921994 the LFG activity has had six participating countries: Canada, Denmark, Norway, The Netherlands, Sweden, UK and USA. In the past three-year period, the activity has been mainly directed towards establishing networks and obtaining an over-view of data related to LFG in the member countries. Numerous contacts have been established and perhaps of most importance for the future of the activity are the links towards organisations involved in the development of landfill technology, such as ISWA and SWANA. The gathering and evaluation of data within the LFG area from the member countries has resulted in a number of documents that are to be published within the near future. These documents cover information on LFG utilisation, landfill research, landfill gas potentials, landfill emission assessment and also non-technical barriers to LFG utilisation.

A Lagerkvist

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

An Empirical Analysis of Gas Well Design and Pumping Tests for Retrofitting Landfill Gas Collection.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Retrofitting a landfill with a gas collection system is an expensive and time consuming endeavor. Such an undertaking usually consists of longer-term extraction testing programs (more)

Stevens, Derek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Albany Landfill Gas Utilization Project Biomass Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utilization Project Biomass Facility Utilization Project Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Albany Landfill Gas Utilization Project Biomass Facility Facility Albany Landfill Gas Utilization Project Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Albany County, New York Coordinates 42.5756797°, -73.9359821° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.5756797,"lon":-73.9359821,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

76

Landfill-Gas-to-Energy Projects:? Analysis of Net Private and Social Benefits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under these standards, large landfills (that is, those with the potential to emit more than 50 Mg/year of nonmethane volatile organic compounds) have to collect and combust the landfill gas. ... Since the 1996 enact ment of the New Source Performance Standard and Emission Guidelines for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills, the Landfill Methane Outreach Program has become a tool to help landfills meet the new regulations. ... The costs of a collection system depend on different site factors, such as landfill depth, number of wells required, etc. Table 1 provides average collection system costs for landfills of three different sizes. ...

Paulina Jaramillo; H. Scott Matthews

2005-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

77

Landfill Gas Cleanup for Carbonate Fuel Cell Power Generation: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Landfill gas represents a significant fuel resource both in the United States and worldwide. The emissions of landfill gas from existing landfills has become an environmental liability contributing to global warming and causing odor problems. Landfill gas has been used to fuel reciprocating engines and gas turbines, and may also be used to fuel carbonate fuel cells. Carbonate fuel cells have high conversion efficiencies and use the carbon dioxide present in landfill gas as an oxidant. There are, however, a number of trace contaminants in landfill gas that contain chlorine and sulfur which are deleterious to fuel cell operation. Long-term economical operation of fuel cells fueled with landfill gas will, therefore, require cleanup of the gas to remove these contaminants. The overall objective of the work reported here was to evaluate the extent to which conventional contaminant removal processes could be combined.

Steinfeld, G.; Sanderson, R.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Powering Microturbines With Landfill Gas, October 2002 | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7.4 Landfill Methane Utilization CHP and Bioenergy Systems for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants CHP and Bioenergy for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants:...

79

Hydroelectric Conventional | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydroelectric Conventional Hydroelectric Conventional Dataset Summary Description Provides annual consumption (in quadrillion Btu) of renewable energy by energy use sector (residential, commercial, industrial, transportation and electricity) and by energy source (e.g. solar, biofuel) for 2004 through 2008. Original sources for data are cited on spreadsheet. Also available from: www.eia.gov/cneaf/solar.renewables/page/trends/table1_2.xls Source EIA Date Released August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords annual energy consumption biodiesel Biofuels biomass energy use by sector ethanol geothermal Hydroelectric Conventional Landfill Gas MSW Biogenic Other Biomass renewable energy Solar Thermal/PV Waste wind Wood and Derived Fuels Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon RE Consumption by Energy Use Sector, Excel file (xls, 32.8 KiB)

80

Landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Landfill, also known as adump (US) or atip (UK), is asite for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment . Historically, landfills have been one of the most common...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Upgrading of Landfill Gas by Membranes Experiences with Operating a Pilot Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the last years the interest in using landfill gas as an energy source has risen ... has been constructed on the premises of a landfill dump in Neuss. In a two-stage-process, landfill gas is upgraded in order t...

R. Rautenbach; K. Welsch

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Modeling the final phase of landfill gas generation from long-term observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For waste management, methane emissions from landfills and their effect on climate change are of serious concern. Current models for biogas generation that focus on the economic use of the landfill gas are usuall...

Johannes Tintner; Manfred Khleitner; Erwin Binner; Norbert Brunner

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The solid wastes and refuse disposed of by burial in pits constructed for the purpose, natural depressions, or abandoned quarries or other artificial excavations. Localities used in this way are called landfill s...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Impact of using high-density polyethylene geomembrane layer as landfill intermediate cover on landfill gas extraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Clay is widely used as a traditional cover material for landfills. As clay becomes increasingly costly and scarce, and it also reduces the storage capacity of landfills, alternative materials with low hydraulic conductivity are employed. In developing countries such as China, landfill gas (LFG) is usually extracted for utilization during filling stage, therefore, the intermediate covering system is an important part in a landfill. In this study, a field test of LFG extraction was implemented under the condition of using high-density polyethylene (HDPE) geomembrane layer as the only intermediate cover on the landfill. Results showed that after welding the HDPE geomembranes together to form a whole airtight layer upon a larger area of landfill, the gas flow in the general pipe increased 25% comparing with the design that the HDPE geomembranes were not welded together, which means that the gas extraction ability improved. However as the heat isolation capacity of the HDPE geomembrane layer is low, the gas generation ability of a shallow landfill is likely to be weakened in cold weather. Although using HDPE geomembrane layer as intermediate cover is acceptable in practice, the management and maintenance of it needs to be investigated in order to guarantee its effective operation for a long term.

Zezhi Chen; Huijuan Gong; Mengqun Zhang; Weili Wu; Yu Liu; Jin Feng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Passive drainage and biofiltration of landfill gas: Results of Australian field trial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A field scale trial was undertaken at a landfill site in Sydney, Australia (20042008), to investigate passive drainage and biofiltration of landfill gas as a means of managing landfill gas emissions from low to moderate gas generation landfill sites. The objective of the trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of a passive landfill gas drainage and biofiltration system at treating landfill gas under field conditions, and to identify and evaluate the factors that affect the behaviour and performance of the system. The trial results showed that passively aerated biofilters operating in a temperate climate can effectively oxidise methane in landfill gas, and demonstrated that maximum methane oxidation efficiencies greater than 90% and average oxidation efficiencies greater than 50% were achieved over the 4years of operation. The trial results also showed that landfill gas loading was the primary factor that determined the behaviour and performance of the passively aerated biofilters. The landfill gas loading rate was found to control the diffusion of atmospheric oxygen into the biofilter media, limiting the microbial methane oxidation process. The temperature and moisture conditions within the biofilter were found to be affected by local climatic conditions and were also found to affect the behaviour and performance of the biofilter, but to a lesser degree than the landfill gas loading.

Stuart A. Dever; Gareth E. Swarbrick; Richard M. Stuetz

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Numerical Early Warning Model Research of Landfill Gas Permeation and Diffusion Considering Flow-Temperature Coupling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on seepage mechanics in porous medium gas and heat transfer theory, numerical early warning model is established, which is on quantitative description of migration and release of landfill gas and penetration and diffusion of energy, and dynamic ... Keywords: component, landfill gas, flow-temperature coupling, gas pressure and temperature distribution, numerical early warning model

Xue Qiang; Feng Xia-ting; Ma Shi-jin; Zhou Xiao-jun

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Effect of Hydrogen Sulfide in Landfill Gas on Anode Poisoning of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The world is facing an energy crisis and there is an immediate need to find a sustainable source of energy. Landfill gas has the potential (more)

Khan, Feroze

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects Webinar (text version)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Below is the text version of the Webinar titled "Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects," originally presented on July 17, 2012.

89

Application of landfill gas as a liquefied natural gas fuel for refuse trucks in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

truck operations. The purpose of this thesis is to develop a methodology that can be used to evaluate the use of LFG generated at landfills as a Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) fuel source for refuse trucks in Texas. The methodology simulates the gas...

Gokhale, Bhushan

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

90

Vapor phase transport at a hillside landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ambient density gradients. Post-landfill gas input reverses the direction of...landfill may explain observations of landfill gas found at depth. Post-landfill...of gas generation. Transport of landfill gas is shown to be dominated by diffusion...

P. H. Stauffer; N. D. Rosenberg

91

The modelling of biochemical-thermal coupling effect on gas generation and transport in MSW landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The landfill gas generation was investigated based on the theories of the thermodynamics, microbial dynamics and chemical dynamics. The coupling model was developed for describing the gas transport and heat release. And the relationship between the gas generation rate and the temperature was proposed. The parameters in the gas generation model were obtained by bioreactor test in order to evaluate the volume of gas production of the Erfeishan landfill in China. The simulation results shown that the operating life of the landfill will be overestimated if the model does not consider the thermal effect during degradation of the solid substrate.

Liu Lei; Liang Bing; Xue Qiang; Zhao Ying; Yang Chun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Landfill gas cleanup for carbonate fuel cell power generation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Landfill gas represents a significant fuel resource both in the US and worldwide. The emissions of landfill gas from existing landfills has become an environmental liability contributing to global warming and causing odor problems. Landfill gas has been used to fuel reciprocating engines and gas turbines, and may also be used to fuel carbonate fuel cells. Carbonate fuel cells have high conversion efficiencies and use the carbon dioxide present in landfill gas as an oxidant. There are, however, a number of trace contaminants in landfill gas that contain chlorine and sulfur which are deleterious to fuel cell operation. Long-term economical operation of fuel cells fueled with landfill gas will, therefore, require cleanup of the gas to remove these contaminants. The overall objective of the work reported here was to evaluate the extent to which conventional contaminant removal processes could be combined to economically reduce contaminant levels to the specifications for carbonate fuel cells. A pilot plant cleaned approximately 970,000 scf of gas over 1,000 hours of operation. The testing showed that the process could achieve the following polished gas concentrations: less than 80 ppbv hydrogen sulfide; less than 1 ppmv (the detection limit) organic sulfur; less than 300 ppbv hydrogen chloride; less than 20--80 ppbv of any individual chlorinated hydrocarbon; and 1.5 ppm sulfur dioxide.

Steinfield, G.; Sanderson, R.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Study on optimization model of energy collection efficiency and its power generation benefit evaluation of landfill gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An optimization model for joint biogas energy collection efficiency that targets the prediction model for landfill gas output dynamics and the optimization model for gas well output has been established. The model was used to comprehensively analyze and evaluate the collection efficiency of a landfill gas well together with the long-term monitoring the gas output of the gas well within Chenjiachong Landfill. The collection efficiency increased by more than 50% than the original collection of landfill biogas and the power generation efficiency increased more than two times after the reservoir area of the landfill was optimized and regulated.

Xue Qiang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

July 17, 2012, Webinar: Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 17, 2012, Webinar: Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects July 17, 2012, Webinar: Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects July 17, 2012, Webinar: Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects This webinar, held July 17, 2012, provided information on the challenges and benefits of developing successful community landfill gas-to-energy projects in Will County, Illinois, and Escambia County, Florida. Download the presentations below, watch the webinar (WMV 112 MB) or view the text version. Find more CommRE webinars. Prairie View RDF Gas to Energy Facility: A Public/Private Partnership Will County partnered with Waste Management, using a portion of the county's DOE Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) funding, to develop the Prairie View Recycling and Disposal Facility. A gas purchase agreement was executed in 2010 and the facility became operational

95

Tracer method to measure landfill gas emissions from leachate collection systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a method developed for quantification of gas emissions from the leachate collection system at landfills and present emission data measured at two Danish landfills with no landfill gas collection systems in place: Fakse landfill and AV Milj. Landfill top covers are often designed to prevent infiltration of water and thus are made from low permeable materials. At such sites a large part of the gas will often emit through other pathways such as the leachate collection system. These point releases of gaseous constituents from these locations cannot be measured using traditional flux chambers, which are often used to measure gas emissions from landfills. Comparing tracer measurements of methane (CH4) emissions from leachate systems at Fakse landfill and AV Milj to measurements of total CH4 emissions, it was found that approximately 47% (351kg CH4 d?1) and 27% (211kg CH4 d?1), respectively, of the CH4 emitting from the sites occurred from the leachate collection systems. Emission rates observed from individual leachate collection wells at the two landfills ranged from 0.1 to 76kg CH4 d?1. A strong influence on emission rates caused by rise and fall in atmospheric pressure was observed when continuously measuring emission from a leachate well over a week. Emission of CH4 was one to two orders of magnitude higher during periods of decreasing pressure compared to periods of increasing pressure.

Anders M. Fredenslund; Charlotte Scheutz; Peter Kjeldsen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Effects of a temporary HDPE cover on landfill gas emissions: Multiyear evaluation with the static chamber approach at an Italian landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to the European Landfill Directive 1999/31/EC and the related Italian Legislation (D. Lgs. No. 36/2003), monitoring and control procedures of landfill gas emissions, migration and external dispersions are clearly requested. These procedures could be particularly interesting in the operational circumstance of implementing a temporary cover, as for instance permitted by the Italian legislation over worked-out landfill sections, awaiting the evaluation of expected waste settlements. A possible quantitative approach for field measurement and consequential evaluation of landfill CO2, CH4 emission rates in pairs consists of the static, non-stationary accumulation chamber technique. At the Italian level, a significant and recent situation of periodical landfill gas emission monitoring is represented by the sanitary landfill for non-hazardous waste of the Fano town district, where monitoring campaigns with the static chamber have been annually conducted during the last 5years (20052009). For the entire multiyear monitoring period, the resulting CO2, CH4 emission rates varied on the whole up to about 13,100g CO2 m?2d?1 and 3800g CH4 m?2d?1, respectively. The elaboration of these landfill gas emission data collected at the Fano case-study site during the monitoring campaigns, presented and discussed in the paper, gives rise to a certain scientific evidence of the possible negative effects derivable from the implementation of a temporary HDPE cover over a worked-out landfill section, notably: the lateral migration and concentration of landfill gas emissions through adjacent, active landfill sections when hydraulically connected; and consequently, the increase of landfill gas flux velocities throughout the reduced overall soil cover surface, giving rise to a flowing through of CH4 emissions without a significant oxidation. Thus, these circumstances are expected to cause a certain increase of the overall GHG emissions from the given landfill site.

Bruno Capaccioni; Cristina Caramiello; Fabio Tatno; Alessandro Viscione

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Hollow fiber membrane process for the pretreatment of methane hydrate from landfill gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Landfill gas is major source of green house effect because it is mainly composed of CH4 and CO2. Especially, the separation of CH4 from landfill gas was studied actively due to its high heating value which can be used for energy resource. In this study, polymeric hollow fiber membrane was produced by drywet phase inversion method to separate CH4 from the landfill gas. The morphology of the membranes was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to understand and correlate the morphology with the performance of the membrane. Firstly, single gas permeation and mixed gas separation were performed in lab-scale. After then, a pilot scale membrane process was designed using a simulation program. The manufactured process settled in Gyeong-ju landfill site and operated at various conditions. As a result, CH4 was concentrated to 88vol.% and also CO2 removal efficiency increases up to 86.7%.

KeeHong Kim; WonKil Choi; HangDae Jo; JongHak Kim; Hyung Keun Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Tapping Landfill Gas to Provide Significant Energy Savings and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Case Study, 2013 BroadRock Renewables LLC, in collaboration with DCO Energy, operates combined cycle electric generating plants at the Central Landfill in Johnston, Rhode...

99

Landfill Gas Resources and Technologies | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Using methane in these applications helps keep it out of the atmosphere, reducing air pollution. Federal Application Before conducting an assessment or deploying landfill...

100

Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Landfill Gas-to-Energy Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects Webinar (text version) Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects Webinar (text version) Below is the text version of the Webinar titled "Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Landfill Gas-to-Energy Projects," originally presented on July 17, 2012. Recorded Voice: The broadcast is now starting. All attendees are in listen-only mode. Sarah Busche: Hello, everyone. Good afternoon and welcome to today's webinar. This is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy. My name is Sarah Busche, and I'm here with Devin Egan, and we're broadcasting live from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado. We're going to give folks

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Modified landfill gas generation rate model of first-order kinetics and two-stage reaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This investigation was carried out to establish a new domestic landfill gas (LFG) generation rate model that takes...L 0), the reaction rate constant in the first stage (K 1), and ...

Jiajun Chen; Hao Wang

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Renewable LNG: Update on the World's Largest Landfill Gas to LNG Plant  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Success story about LNG from landfill gas. Presented by Mike McGowan, Linde NA, Inc., at the NREL/DOE Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop held June 11-13, 2012, in Golden, Colorado.

103

Emission assessment at the Burj Hammoud inactive municipal landfill: Viability of landfill gas recovery under the clean development mechanism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines landfill gas (LFG) emissions at a large inactive waste disposal site to evaluate the viability of investment in LFG recovery through the clean development mechanism (CDM) initiative. For this purpose, field measurements of LFG emissions were conducted and the data were processed by geospatial interpolation to estimate an equivalent site emission rate which was used to calibrate and apply two LFG prediction models to forecast LFG emissions at the site. The mean CH4 flux values calculated through tessellation, inverse distance weighing and kriging were 0.1880.014, 0.2240.012 and 0.2370.008lCH4/m2hr, respectively, compared to an arithmetic mean of 0.24l/m2hr. The flux values are within the reported range for closed landfills (0.060.89l/m2hr), and lower than the reported range for active landfills (0.422.46l/m2hr). Simulation results matched field measurements for low methane generation potential (L0) values in the range of 19.8102.6m3/ton of waste. LFG generation dropped rapidly to half its peak level only 4yrs after landfill closure limiting the sustainability of LFG recovery systems in similar contexts and raising into doubt promoted CDM initiatives for similar waste.

Mutasem El-Fadel; Layale Abi-Esber; Samer Salhab

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Peer Reviewed: Experimenting with Hydroelectric Reservoirs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Peer Reviewed: Experimenting with Hydroelectric Reservoirs ... Researchers created reservoirs in Canada to explore the impacts of hydroelectric developments on greenhouse gas and methylmercury production. ...

R. A. Bodaly; Kenneth G. Beaty; Len H. Hendzel; Andrew R. Majewski; Michael J. Paterson; Kristofer R. Rolfhus; Alan F. Penn; Vincent L. St. Louis; Britt D. Hall; Cory J. D. Matthews; Katharine A. Cherewyk; Mariah Mailman; James P. Hurley; Sherry L. Schiff; Jason J. Venkiteswaran

2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

105

Emission assessment at the Burj Hammoud inactive municipal landfill: Viability of landfill gas recovery under the clean development mechanism  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer LFG emissions are measured at an abandoned landfill with highly organic waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Mean headspace and vent emissions are 0.240 and 0.074 l CH{sub 4}/m{sup 2} hr, respectively. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer At sites with high food waste content, LFG generation drops rapidly after site closure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The viability of LFG recovery for CDMs in developing countries is doubtful. - Abstract: This paper examines landfill gas (LFG) emissions at a large inactive waste disposal site to evaluate the viability of investment in LFG recovery through the clean development mechanism (CDM) initiative. For this purpose, field measurements of LFG emissions were conducted and the data were processed by geospatial interpolation to estimate an equivalent site emission rate which was used to calibrate and apply two LFG prediction models to forecast LFG emissions at the site. The mean CH{sub 4} flux values calculated through tessellation, inverse distance weighing and kriging were 0.188 {+-} 0.014, 0.224 {+-} 0.012 and 0.237 {+-} 0.008 l CH{sub 4}/m{sup 2} hr, respectively, compared to an arithmetic mean of 0.24 l/m{sup 2} hr. The flux values are within the reported range for closed landfills (0.06-0.89 l/m{sup 2} hr), and lower than the reported range for active landfills (0.42-2.46 l/m{sup 2} hr). Simulation results matched field measurements for low methane generation potential (L{sub 0}) values in the range of 19.8-102.6 m{sup 3}/ton of waste. LFG generation dropped rapidly to half its peak level only 4 yrs after landfill closure limiting the sustainability of LFG recovery systems in similar contexts and raising into doubt promoted CDM initiatives for similar waste.

El-Fadel, Mutasem, E-mail: mfadel@aub.edu.lb [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, American University of Beirut (Lebanon); Abi-Esber, Layale; Salhab, Samer [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, American University of Beirut (Lebanon)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Int. J. Environment and Pollution, V0/. IS, No.4, 2001 Economic evaluation of a landfill system with gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Int. J. Environment and Pollution, V0/. IS, No.4, 2001 Economic evaluation of a landfill system. Landfill technology, as it is the most widely employed and is regarded as the most suitable and simple and externalities are examined. A cost-benefit analysis of a landfill system with gas recovery (LFSGR) has been

Columbia University

107

A Multimedia Study of Hazardous Waste Landfill Gas Migration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hazardous waste landfills pose uniquely challenging environmental problems which arise as a result of the chemical complexity of waste sites, their involvement of many environmental media, and their very size ...

Robert D. Stephens; Nancy B. Ball; Danny M. Mar

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

DOE/EA-1624: Environmental Assessment for Auburn Landfill Gas Electric Generators and Anaerobic Digester Energy Facilities (December 2008)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Auburn Landfill Gas Electric Generators and Auburn Landfill Gas Electric Generators and Anaerobic Digester Energy Facilities Auburn, New York Final Environmental Assessment DOE/EA-1624 Prepared for: U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory January 2009 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK AUBURN LANDFILL GAS ELECTRIC GENERATORS AND ANAEROBIC DIGESTER ELECTRIC FACILITIES FINAL EA DOE/EA-1624 i Table of Contents 1.0 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................... 1 1.1 BACKGROUND............................................................................................................................................... 2 1.2 PURPOSE AND NEED ...................................................................................................................................... 4

109

upper (hydroelectric) development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

upper (hydroelectric) development, upper (hydroelectric) station, upstream (hydroelectric) development, upstream (hydroelectric) station ? Oberstufe f, oberes Wasserkraftwerk n, Oberliegerkraftwerk

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Landfill gas cleanup for carbonate fuel cell power generation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

To utilize landfill gas for power generation using carbonate fuel cells, the LFG must be cleaned up to remove sulfur and chlorine compounds. This not only benefits the operation of the fuel cell, but also benefits the environment by preventing the emission of these contaminants to the atmosphere. Commercial technologies for gas processing are generally economical in relatively large sizes (3 MMSCFD or larger), and may not achieve the low levels of contaminants required. To address the issue of LFG clean-up for fuel cell application, a process was developed utilizing commercially available technology. A pilot-scale test facility utilizing this process was built at a landfill site in Anoka, Minnesota using the EPRI fuel cell test facility used for coal gas testing. The pilot plant was tested for 1000 hours, processing 970,000 SCF (27,500 Nm{sup 3}) of landfill gas. Testing indicated that the process could achieve the following concentrations of contaminants in the clean gas: Less than 80 ppbv hydrogen sulfide; less than 1 ppm (the detection limit) organic sulfur; less than 300 ppbv hydrogen chloride; less than 20--80 ppbv if any individual chlorinated hydrocarbon; and 1.5 ppm (average) Sulfur Dioxide. The paper describes the LFG composition for bulk and trace compounds; evaluation of various methods to clean landfill gas; design of a LFG cleanup system; field test of pilot-scale gas cleanup process; fuel cell testing on simulated landfill gas; single cell testing on landfill gas contaminants and post test analysis; and design and economic analyses of a full scale gas cleanup system.

Steinfeld, G.; Sanderson, R.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Recovery Act: Brea California Combined Cycle Electric Generating Plant Fueled by Waste Landfill Gas  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of the Project was to maximize the productive use of the substantial quantities of waste landfill gas generated and collected at the Olinda Landfill near Brea, California. An extensive analysis was conducted and it was determined that utilization of the waste gas for power generation in a combustion turbine combined cycle facility was the highest and best use. The resulting Project reflected a cost effective balance of the following specific sub-objectives: Meeting the environmental and regulatory requirements, particularly the compliance obligations imposed on the landfill to collect, process and destroy landfill gas Utilizing proven and reliable technology and equipment Maximizing electrical efficiency Maximizing electric generating capacity, consistent with the anticipated quantities of landfill gas generated and collected at the Olinda Landfill Maximizing equipment uptime Minimizing water consumption Minimizing post-combustion emissions The Project produced and will produce a myriad of beneficial impacts. o The Project created 360 FTE construction and manufacturing jobs and 15 FTE permanent jobs associated with the operation and maintenance of the plant and equipment. o By combining state-of-the-art gas clean up systems with post combustion emissions control systems, the Project established new national standards for best available control technology (BACT). o The Project will annually produce 280,320 MWhs of clean energy o By destroying the methane in the landfill gas, the Project will generate CO2 equivalent reductions of 164,938 tons annually. The completed facility produces 27.4 MWnet and operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Galowitz, Stephen

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

112

Delivery and viability of landfill gas CDM projects in AfricaA South African experience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The eThekwini Municipality (Durban, South Africa) landfill gas Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project was the first to be registered and verified in Africa. The idea for the project was developed in 2002, yet it was not until the end of 2006 that the smaller Component One (1MW) was registered, while the larger Component Two (9MW) followed only in March 2009. Valuable lessons were learnt from Component One, and these were applied to Component Two. The paper describes the Durban CDM process, the lessons learnt, and assesses the viability of landfill gas to electricity CDM projects in Africa. It concludes that small to medium sized landfill gas to electricity CDM projects are not viable in Africa unless there is a renewable energy feed-in-tariff, or unless the gas is simply flared rather than being utilised for power generation.

R. Couth; C. Trois; J. Parkin; L.J. Strachan; A. Gilder; M. Wright

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Development of correction factors for landfill gas emission model suiting Indian condition to predict methane emission from landfills  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Methane emission from landfill gas emission (LandGEM) model was validated through the results of laboratory scale biochemical methane potential assay. Results showed that LandGEM model over estimates methane (CH4) emissions; and the true CH4 potential of waste depends on the level of segregation. Based on these findings, correction factors were developed to estimate CH4 emission using LandGEM model especially where the level of segregation is negligible or does not exist. The correction factors obtained from the study were 0.94, 0.13 and 0.74 for food waste, mixed un-segregated municipal solid waste (MSW) and vegetable wastes, respectively.

Avick Sil; Sunil Kumar; Jonathan W.C. Wong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Carbon dioxide removal and capture for landfill gas up-grading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Within the frame of an EC financially supported project - LIFE05 ENV/IT/000874 GHERL (Greenhouse Effect Reduction from Landfill)a pilot plant was set up in order to demonstrate the feasibility of applying chemical absorption to remove carbon dioxide from landfill gas. After proper upgrading - basically removal of carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulphide, ammonia and other trace gas compoundthe gas might be fed into the distribution grid for natural gas or used as vehicle fuel, replacing a fossil fuel thus saving natural resources and carbon dioxide emissions. Several experiences in Europe have been carried out concerning the landfill gas - and biogas from anaerobic digestion - quality up-grading through CO2 removal, but in all of them carbon dioxide was vented to the atmosphere after separation, without any direct benefit in terms of greenhouse gases reduction. With respect to those previous experiences, in this work the attention was focused on CO2 removal from landfill gas with an effective capture process, capable of removing carbon dioxide from atmosphere, through a globally carbon negative process. In particular, processes capable of producing final solid products were investigated, with the aim of obtaining as output solid compounds which can be either used in the chemical industry or disposed off. The adopted absorption process is based on using aqueous solutions of potassium hydroxide, with the final aim of producing potassium carbonate. Potassium carbonate is a product which has several applications in the chemical industry if obtained with adequate quality. It can be sold as a pulverised solid, or in aqueous solution. Several tests were carried out at the pilot plant, which was located at a landfill site, in order to feed it with a fraction of the on-site collected landfill gas. The results of the experimental campaign are reported, explained and commented in the paper. Also a discussion on economic issues is presented.

Lidia Lombardia; Andrea Corti; Ennio Carnevale; Renato Baciocchi; Daniela Zingaretti

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Suitability of Tedlar gas sampling bags for siloxane quantification in landfill gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Landfill or digester gas can contain man-made volatile methylsiloxanes (VMS), usually in the range of a few milligrams per normal cubic metre (Nm3). Until now, no standard method for siloxane quantification exists and there is controversy with respect to which sampling procedure is most suitable. This paper presents an analytical and a sampling procedure for the quantification of common VMS in biogas via GCMS and polyvinyl fluoride (Tedlar) bags. Two commercially available Tedlar bag models are studied. One is equipped with a polypropylene valve with integrated septum, the other with a dual port fitting made from stainless steel. Siloxane recovery in landfill gas samples is investigated as a function of storage time, temperature, surface-to-volume ratio and background gas. Recovery was found to depend on the type of fitting employed. The siloxanes sampled in the bag with the polypropylene valve show high and stable recovery, even after more than 30 days. Sufficiently low detection limits below 10?gNm?3 and good reproducibility can be achieved. The method is therefore well applicable to biogas, greatly facilitating sampling in comparison with other common techniques involving siloxane enrichment using sorption media.

M. Ajhar; B. Wens; K.H. Stollenwerk; G. Spalding; S. Yce; T. Melin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Des Plaines Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Des Plaines Landfill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Des Plaines Landfill Biomass Facility Facility Des Plaines Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas...

117

Lessons from Loscoe: the uncontrolled migration of landfill gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...was considered of fundamental importance in determining...making the situation safe, even though in...with coal mining operations. In 1983 smells...central heating boiler had been ignited...different landfill operation and completion scenarios...how to improve the operation and engineering...

G. M. Williams; N. Aitkenhead

118

Effects of Landfill Gas on Growth and Nitrogen Fixation of Two Leguminous Trees (Acacia Confusa, Leucaena Leucocephala)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A study was made on the effects of landfill gas on ARA (acetylene reducing activity) of ... The effects of the three main components of landfill gas, O2, CO2 and CH4, were first measured separately over a 1-hr pe...

Y. S. G. Chan; M. H. Wong; B. A. Whitton

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Performance of an Internal Combustion Engine Operating on Landfill Gas and the Effect of Syngas Addition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Performance of an Internal Combustion Engine Operating on Landfill Gas and the Effect of Syngas Addition ... The performance of a four-stroke Honda GC160E spark ignition (SI) internal combustion (IC) engine operating on landfill gas (LFG) was investigated, as well as the impact of H2 and CO (syngas) addition on emissions and engine efficiency. ... In addition, variation across both the syngas content (up to 15%) and the ratio of H2 to CO in the syngas (H2/CO = 0.5, 1, and 2) were tested. ...

McKenzie P. Kohn; Jechan Lee; Matthew L. Basinger; Marco J. Castaldi

2011-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

120

Tapping Landfill Gas to Provide Significant Energy Savings and Greenhouse Gas Reductions- Case Study, 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Case study overviewing two large landfill projects in California and Rhode Island funded by the Recovery Act

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrDigesterLandfillGas | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrDigesterLandfillGas SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrDigesterLandfillGas Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Digester / landfill gas Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrDigesterLandfillGas" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 +

122

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DigesterLandfillGas | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DigesterLandfillGas DigesterLandfillGas Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Digester / landfill gas Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DigesterLandfillGas" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 0.0 +

123

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyForPeriodMwhYrDigesterLandfillGas | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPPurchasedEngyForPeriodMwhYrDigesterLandfillGas SPPurchasedEngyForPeriodMwhYrDigesterLandfillGas Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Digester / landfill gas Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyForPeriodMwhYrDigesterLandfillGas" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 +

124

IEA-Renewable Energy Technologies, Bioenergy Agreement Task 37: Energy from Biogas and Landfill Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EFP-06 IEA- Renewable Energy Technologies, Bioenergy Agreement Task 37: Energy from Biogas-Bioenergy, Task 37- Energy from Biogas and Landfill Gas", via samarbejde, informationsudveksling, fælles analyser. biogas fra anaerob udrådning (AD) som en integreret gylle og affalds behandlings teknologi. Arbejdet

125

Landfill gas upgrading with pilot-scale water scrubber: Performance assessment with absorption water recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A pilot-scale counter current absorption process for upgrading municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill gas to produce vehicle fuel was studied using absorption, desorption and drying units and water as an absorbent. Continuous water recycling was used without adding new water to the system. The process parameters were defined by a previous study made with this pilot system. The effect of pressure (2025bar), temperature (1025C) and water flow speed (5.511l/min) on the upgrading performance, trace compounds (siloxanes, halogenated compounds) and water quality were investigated. Raw landfill gas flow was kept constant at 7.41Nm3/h. Methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) contents in the product gas were 8690% and 4.58.0% with all studied pressures and temperatures. The remaining fraction in product gas was nitrogen (N2) (from 1% to 7%). Organic silicon compounds (siloxanes) were reduced by 16.6% and halogenated compounds similarly by 90.1% by water absorption. From studied process parameters, only water flow speed affected the removal of siloxanes and halogen compounds. The absorbent water pH was between 4.44.9, sulphide concentration between 0.11.0mg/l and carbonate concentration between 5001000mg/l. The product gas drying system reduced the siloxane concentration by 99.1% and halogenated compounds by 99.9% compared to the raw landfill gas. In conclusion, the pilot-scale gas upgrading process studied appears to be able to produce gas with high energy content (approx 8690% methane) using a closed water circulation system. When using a standard gas drying system, all trace compounds can be removed by over 99% compared to raw landfill gas.

J. Lntel; S. Rasi; J. Lehtinen; J. Rintala

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Catalytically upgraded landfill gas as a cost-effective alternative for fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The potential use of landfill gas as feeding fuel for the so-called molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC) imposes the need for new upgrading technologies in order to meet the much tougher feed gas specifications of this type of fuel cells in comparison to gas engines. Nevertheless, MCFC has slightly lower purity demands than low temperature fuel cells. This paper outlines the idea of a new catalytic purification process for landfill gas conditioning, which may be supposed to be more competitive than state-of-the-art technologies and summarises some lab-scale results. This catalytic process transforms harmful landfill gas minor compounds into products that can be easily removed from the gas stream by a subsequent adsorption step. The optimal process temperature was found to be in the range 250400C. After a catalyst screening, two materials were identified, which have the ability to remove all harmful minor compounds from landfill gas. The first material was a commercial alumina that showed a high activity towards the removal of organic silicon compounds. The alumina protects both a subsequent catalyst for the removal of other organic minor compounds and the fuel cell. Due to gradual deactivation caused by silica deposition, the activated alumina needs to be periodically replaced. The second material was a commercial V2O5/TiO2-based catalyst that exhibited a high activity for the total oxidation of a broad spectrum of other harmful organic minor compounds into a simpler compound class acid gases (HCl, HF and SO2), which can be easily removed by absorption with, e.g. alkalised alumina. The encouraging results obtained allow the scale-up of this LFG conditioning process to test it under real LFG conditions.

W. Urban; H. Lohmann; J.I. Salazar Gmez

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

The Microbial Community of Landfill Soils and the Influence of Landfill Gas on Soil Recovery and Revegetation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An extensive database for soil microbiological and physicochemical conditions has been established from samples taken from restored landfill sites in South East England. The sites...

Sharon D. Wigfull; Paul Birch

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

ORIGINAL PAPER Photomineralization in a boreal hydroelectric reservoir  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL PAPER Photomineralization in a boreal hydroelectric reservoir: a comparison with natural dioxide Á Dissolved organic matter Á Boreal hydroelectric reservoir Á Greenhouse gas production

Long, Bernard

129

Instrumentation for the Measurement of Landfill Gas Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Where problems of gas emission are suspected, the reliable detection and measurement of the gas is essential if solutions to the problem are to be designed, constructed and monitored for their effectiveness. T...

D. Crowhurst

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Mechanics of biocell landfill settlements.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Prediction of landfill gas generation and settlements are of concerns in design and maintenance of biocell landfills. Accurate settlement prediction is essential for design of (more)

Hettiarachchi, Chamil Hiroshan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Integrated Combined Heat and Power/Advanced Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engine System for Landfill Gas to Power Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Landfill gas (LFG), composed largely of methane and carbon dioxide, is used in over 450 operational projects in 43 states. These projects convert a large source of greenhouse gases into a fuel that...

132

The reduction of greenhouse gas emissions using various thermal systems in a landfill site  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions from an uncontrolled landfill site filled with Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) are compared with those from controlled sites in which collected Landfill Gases (LFG) are utilised by various technologies. These technologies include flaring, conventional electricity generation technologies such as Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) and Gas Turbine (GT) and an emerging technology, Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC). The results show that SOFC is the best option for reducing the GHG emissions among the studied technologies. In the case when SOFC is used, GHG emissions from the controlled site are reduced by 63% compared to the uncontrolled site. This case has a specific lifetime GHG emission of 2.38 tonnes CO2 .eq/MWh when only electricity is produced and 1.12 tonnes CO2.eq/MWh for a cogeneration application.

C. Ozgur Colpan; Ibrahim Dincer; Feridun Hamdullahpur

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Hydroelectric Reservoirs -the Carbon Dioxide and Methane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydroelectric Reservoirs - the Carbon Dioxide and Methane Emissions of a "Carbon Free" Energy an overview on the greenhouse gas production of hydroelectric reservoirs. The goals are to point out the main how big the greenhouse gas emissions from hydroelectric reservoirs are compared to thermo-power plants

Fischlin, Andreas

134

Municipal solid waste degradation and landfill gas resources characteristics in self-recirculating sequencing batch bioreactor landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the degradation characteristics of municipal solid waste (MSW) in China, the traditional anaerobic sequencing batch bioreactor landfill (ASBRL) was optimized, and an improved anaerobic sequencing batch b...

Xiao-zhi Zhou ???; Shu-xun Sang ???; Li-wen Cao ???

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Global methane emissions from landfills: New methodology and annual estimates 19801996  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Change: Instruments and techniques; KEYWORDS: landfill, landfill gas, methane emissions, methanotrophy

136

Emerging technologies for the management and utilization of landfill gas. Final report, August 1994-August 1997  

SciTech Connect

The report gives information on emerging technologies that are considered to be commercially available (Tier 1), currently undergoing research and development (Tier 2), or considered as potentially applicable (Tier 3), for the management of landfill gas (LFG) emissions or for the utilization of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) from LFG. The emerging technologies that are considered to be Tier 1 are: (1) phosphoric acid fuel cells, (2) processes for converting CH4 from LFG to compressed LFG for vehicle fuel or other fuel uses, and (3) use of LFG as a fuel source for leachate evaporation systems. The Tier 2 technologies covered in the report are: (1) operation of landfills as anaerobic bioreactors, (2) operation of landfills are aerobic bioreactors, (3) production of ethanol from LFG, (4) production of commercial CO2 from LFG, and (5) use of LFG to provide fuel for heat and CO2 enhancement in greenhouses. Tier 3 technologies, considered as potentially applicable for LFG. include Stirling and Organic Rankine Cycle engines.

Roe, S.; Reisman, J.; Strait, R.; Doorn, M.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Adsorption characteristics of siloxanes in landfill gas by the adsorption equilibrium test  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Equilibrium test was attempted to evaluate adsorption characteristics of siloxane. L2 had higher removal efficiency in carbon compared to noncarbon adsorbents. Total adsorption capacity of siloxane was 300 mg/g by coal activated carbon. Adsorption characteristics rely on size of siloxane molecule and adsorbent pore. Conversion of siloxane was caused by adsorption of noncarbon adsorbents. - Abstract: Due to the increase in energy cost by constantly high oil prices and the obligation to reduce greenhouse effect gases, landfill gas is frequently used as an alternative energy source for producing heat and electricity. Most of landfill gas utility facilities, however, are experiencing problems controlling siloxanes from landfill gas as their catalytic oxidizers are becoming fouled by silicon dioxide dust. To evaluate adsorption characteristics of siloxanes, an adsorption equilibrium test was conducted and parameters in the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms were analyzed. Coconut activated carbon (CA1), coal activated carbon (CA2), impregnated activated carbon (CA3), silicagel (NCA1), and activated alumina (NCA2) were used for the adsorption of the mixed siloxane which contained hexamethyldisiloxane (L2), octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4), and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5). L2 had higher removal efficiency in noncarbon adsorbents compared to carbon adsorbents. The application of Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm demonstrated that coconut based CA1 and CA3 provided higher adsorption capacity on L2. And CA2 and NCA1 provided higher adsorption capacity on D4 and D5. Based on the experimental results, L2, D4, and D5 were converted by adsorption and desorption in noncarbon adsorbents. Adsorption affinity of siloxane is considered to be affect by the pore size distribution of the adsorbents and by the molecular size of each siloxane.

Nam, Sangchul; Namkoong, Wan [Department of Environmental Engineering, Konkuk University, Hwayang-Dong, Gwangjin-Gu, Seoul 143-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Jeong-Hee; Park, Jin-Kyu [Department of Environmental Engineering, Anyang University, Anyang 5-Dong, Manan-Gu, Anyang-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 430-714 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Namhoon, E-mail: nhlee@anyang.ac.kr [Department of Environmental Engineering, Anyang University, Anyang 5-Dong, Manan-Gu, Anyang-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 430-714 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Passive landfill gas emission Influence of atmospheric pressure and implications for the operation of methane-oxidising biofilters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A passively vented landfill site in Northern Germany was monitored for gas emission dynamics through high resolution measurements of landfill gas pressure, flow rate and composition as well as atmospheric pressure and temperature. Landfill gas emission could be directly related to atmospheric pressure changes on all scales as induced by the autooscillation of air, diurnal variations and the passage of pressure highs and lows. Gas flux reversed every 20h on average, with 50% of emission phases lasting only 10h or less. During gas emission phases, methane loads fed to a connected methane oxidising biofiltration unit varied between near zero and 247g CH4 h?1m?3 filter material. Emission dynamics not only influenced the amount of methane fed to the biofilter but also the establishment of gas composition profiles within the biofilter, thus being of high relevance for biofilter operation. The duration of the gas emission phase emerged as most significant variable for the distribution of landfill gas components within the biofilter.

Julia Gebert; Alexander Groengroeft

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Renewable LNG: Update on the World's Largest Landfill Gas to LNG Plant  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LNG LNG Update on the world's largest landfill gas to LNG plant Mike McGowan Head of Government Affairs Linde NA, Inc. June 12, 2012 $18.3 billion global sales A leading gases and engineering company Linde North America Profile $2.3 billion in gases sales revenue in North America in 2011 5,000 employees throughout the U.S., Canada and the Caribbean Supplier of compressed and cryogenic gases and technology Atmospheric gases - oxygen, nitrogen, argon Helium LNG and LPG Hydrogen Rare gases Plant engineering and supply LNG Petrochemicals Natural gas processing Atmospheric gases 3 Linde's alternative fuels portfolio Green hydrogen production - Magog, Quebec Renewable liquefied natural gas production - Altamont, CA Biogas fueling, LNG import terminal - Sweden

140

Pilot scale evaluation of the BABIU process Upgrading of landfill gas or biogas with the use of MSWI bottom ash  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biogas or landfill gas can be converted to a high-grade gas rich in methane with the use of municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash as a reactant for fixation of CO2 and H2S. In order to verify results previously obtained at a laboratory scale with 6590kg of bottom ash (BA), several test runs were performed at a pilot scale, using 5001000kg of bottom ash and up to 9.2Nm3/h real landfill gas from a landfill in the Tuscany region (Italy). The input flow rate was altered. The best process performance was observed at a input flow rate of 3.7Nm3/(htBA). At this flow rate, the removal efficiencies for H2S were approximately 99.599%.

P. Mostbauer; L. Lombardi; T. Olivieri; S. Lenz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

domestic refuse landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

domestic refuse landfill, domestic waste landfill, house waste landfill, house refuse landfill ? Hausmllaufschttung f

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Influence of Landfill Gas on the Microdistribution of Grass Establishment Through Natural Colonization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many revegetated landfills have poor cover including bare areas where plants do not grow. This study, on the Bisasar Road Landfill site in South Africa, assessed grass species preferences to microhabitat condi...

Douglas H. Trotter; John A. Cooke

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Landfill gas cleanup for carbonate fuel cell power generation. CRADA final report  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of the work reported here was to evaluate the extent to which conventional contaminant removal processes could be combined to economically reduce contaminant levels to the specifications for carbonate fuel cells. The technical effort was conducted by EPRI, consultant David Thimsen, Kaltec of Minnesota, Energy Research Corporation (ERC) and Interpoll Laboratories. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) made available two test skids originally used to test an ERC 30 kW carbonate fuel cell at the Destec Coal Gasification Plan in Plaquemine, LA. EPRI`s carbonate fuel cell pilot plant was installed at the Anoka County Regional Landfill in Ramsey, Minnesota. Additional gas cleaning equipment was installed to evaluate a potentially inexpensive, multi-stage gas cleaning process to remove sulfur and chlorine in the gas to levels acceptable for long-term, economical carbonate fuel cell operation. The pilot plant cleaned approximately 970,000 scf (27,500 Nm{sup 3}) of gas over 1,000 hours of operation. The testing showed that the process could achieve the following polished gas concentrations. Less than 80 ppbv hydrogen sulfide; less than 1 ppmv (the detection limit) organic sulfur; less than 300 ppbv hydrogen chloride; less than 20--80 ppbv of any individual chlorined hydrocarbon; and 1.5 ppm sulfur dioxide. These were the detection limits of the analytical procedures employed. It is probable that the actual concentrations are below these analytical limits.

Steinfeld, G.; Sanderson, R.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

INTEGRATED CRYOGENIC SYSTEM FOR CO 2 SEPARATION AND LNG PRODUCTION FROM LANDFILL GAS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An integrated cryogenic system to separate carbon dioxide ( CO 2 ) and produce LNG from landfill gas is investigated and designed. The main objective of this design is to eliminate the requirement of a standard CO 2 removal process in the liquefaction system such distillation or (temperature or pressure) swing adsorption and to directly separate carbon dioxide as frost at the liquefying channel of methane. Two identical sets of heat exchangers are installed in parallel and switched alternatively with a time period so that one is in separation?liquefaction mode while the other is in CO 2 clean?up mode. A thermal regeneration scheme is presented for the purpose of saving energy and avoiding the stoppage of LNG production followed by the flow switching. The switching period is determined from results of a combined heat and mass transfer analysis on the CO 2 freeze?out process.

H. M. Chang; M. J. Chung; S. B. Park

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

(sanitary) landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(sanitary) landfill, landfill(ed) site, refuse dump, garbage dump...Landfills may often release a toxic soup of...] ? Abfalldeponie f [Zur Endlagerung von Abfallstoffen oder von Industrieprodukten al...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Calcite precipitation in landfills: an essential product of waste stabilization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and carbon dioxide observed for landfill gas do not reflect the amount of bicarbonate...reactions within the waste) and landfill gas. Both of these are potentially...Brief summaries of leachate and landfill gas compositions and their evolution...

D. A. C. Manning

147

Chlorofluorocarbons as tracers of landfill leachate in surface and groundwater  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...considerably lower concentrations in landfill gas. CFCs and CCl4 in leachate may...all groundwater, leachate and landfill gas samples were taken on 6 April 2004...at the central site facility. Landfill gas was sampled by attaching a thick...

A. E. Foley; T. C. Atkinson; Y. Zhao

148

Landfill Gas Conversion to LNG and LCO{sub 2}. Phase II Final Report for January 25, 1999 - April 30, 2000  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes work on the development of a process to produce LNG (liquefied methane) for heavy vehicle use from landfill gas (LFG) using Acrion's CO{sub 2} wash process for contaminant removal and CO{sub 2} recovery.

Brown, W. R.; Cook, W. J.; Siwajek, L. A.

2000-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

149

Electric power generation using a phosphoric acid cell on a municipal solid waste landfill gas stream. Technology verification report, November 1997--July 1998  

SciTech Connect

The report gives results of tests to verify the performance of a landfill gas pretreatment unit (GPU) and a phosphoric acid fuel cell system. The complete system removes contaminants from landfill gas and produces electricity for on-site use or connection to an electric grid. Performance data were collected at two sites determined to be representative of the U.S. landfill market. The Penrose facility, in Los Angeles, CA, was the first test site. The landfill gas at this site represented waste gas recovery from four nearby landfills, consisting primarily of industrial waste material. It produced approximately 3000 scf of gas/minute, and had a higher heating value of 446 Btu/scf at about 44% methane concentration. The second test site, in Groton, CT, was a relatively small landfill, but with greater heat content gas (methane levels were about 57% and the average heating value was 585 Btu/scf). The verification test addressed contaminant removal efficiency, flare destruction efficiency, and the operational capability of the cleanup system, and the power production capability of the fuel cell system.

Masemore, S.; Piccot, S.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Phase equilibrium conditions for simulated landfill gas hydrate formation in aqueous solutions of tetrabutylammonium nitrate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Hydrate phase equilibrium conditions for the simulated landfill gas (LFG) of methane and carbon dioxide (50mol% methane, 50mol% carbon dioxide) were investigated with the pressure range of (1.90 to 13.83)MPa and temperature range of (280.0 to 288.3)K at (0.050, 0.170, 0.340, and 0.394) mass fraction (w) of tetrabutylammonium nitrate (TBANO3). The phase boundary between liquidvaporhydrate (LVH) phases and liquidvapor (LV) phases was determined by employing an isochoric pressure-search method. The phase equilibrium data measured showed that TBANO3 appeared a remarkable promotion effect at w TBANO 3 =0.394, corresponding to TBANO326H2O, but inhibition effect at w TBANO 3 =(0.050, or 0.170) on the semiclathrate hydrate formation. In addition, the application of TBANO3 at 0.340 mass fraction, corresponding to TBANO332H2O, displayed promotion effect at lower pressures (below 6.38MPa) and inhibition effect at higher pressures (above 6.38MPa).

Ling-Li Shi; De-Qing Liang; Dong-Liang Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

slag landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

slag landfill [Context: the impacts of Cu 2+ emissions from the slag landfill to the groundwater were assessed to be...] ? Schlackendeponie f ...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Small Hydroelectric | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydroelectric Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description List of Small Hydroelectric Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSmallHydroelectric&ol...

153

Metal-modified and vertically aligned carbon nanotube sensors array for landfill gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vertically aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) layers were synthesized on Fe-coated low-cost alumina substrates using radio-frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition (RF-PECVD) technology. A miniaturized CNT-based gas sensor array was developed for monitoring landfill gas (LFG) at a temperature of 150??C. The sensor array was composed of 4 sensing elements with unmodified CNT, and CNT loaded with 5?nm nominally thick sputtered nanoclusters of platinum (Pt), ruthenium (Ru) and silver (Ag). Chemical analysis of multicomponent gas mixtures constituted of CO2, CH4, H2, NH3, CO and NO2 has been performed by the array sensor responses and pattern recognition based on principal component analysis (PCA). The PCA results demonstrate that the metal-decorated and vertically aligned CNT sensor array is able to discriminate the NO2 presence in the multicomponent mixture LFG. The NO2 gas detection in the mixture LFG was proved to be very sensitive, e.g.: the CNT:Ru sensor shows a relative change in the resistance of 1.50% and 0.55% for NO2 concentrations of 3.3?ppm and 330?ppb dispersed in the LFG, respectively, with a wide NO2 gas concentration range measured from 0.33 to 3.3?ppm, at the sensor temperature of 150??C. The morphology and structure of the CNT networks have been characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Raman spectroscopy. A forest-like nanostructure of vertically aligned CNT bundles in the multi-walled form appeared with a height of about 10 ?m and a single-tube diameter varying in the range of 5?35?nm. The intensity ratio of the Raman spectroscopy D-peak and G-peak indicates the presence of disorder and defects in the CNT networks. The size of the metal (Pt, Ru, Ag) nanoclusters decorating the CNT top surface varies in the range of 5?50?nm. Functional characterization based on electrical charge transfer sensing mechanisms in the metal-modified CNT-chemoresistor array demonstrates high sensitivity by providing minimal sub-ppm level detection, e.g., download up to 100?ppb NO2, at the sensor temperature of 150??C. The gas sensitivity of the CNT sensor array depends on operating temperature, showing a lower optimal temperature of maximum sensitivity for the metal-decorated CNT sensors compared to unmodified CNT sensors. Results indicate that the recovery mechanisms in the CNT chemiresistors can be altered by a rapid heating pulse from room temperature to about 110??C. A comparison of the NO2 gas sensitivity for the chemiresistors based on disorderly networked CNTs and vertically aligned CNTs is also reported. Cross-sensitivity towards relative humidity of the CNT sensors array is investigated. Finally, the sensing properties of the metal-decorated and vertically aligned CNT sensor arrays are promising to monitor gas events in the LFG for practical applications with low power consumption and moderate sensor temperature.

M Penza; R Rossi; M Alvisi; E Serra

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Evaluation of landfill gas production and emissions in a MSW large-scale Experimental Cell in Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Landfill gas (LFG) emissions from municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills are an important environmental concern in Brazil due to the existence of several uncontrolled disposal sites. A program of laboratory and field tests was conducted to investigate gas generation in and emission from an Experimental Cell with a 36,659-ton capacity in Recife/PE Brazil. This investigation involved waste characterisation, gas production and emission monitoring, and geotechnical and biological evaluations and was performed using three types of final cover layers. The results obtained in this study showed that waste decomposes 45 times faster in a tropical wet climate than predicted by traditional first-order models using default parameters. This fact must be included when considering the techniques and economics of projects developed in tropical climate countries. The design of the final cover layer and its geotechnical and biological behaviour proved to have an important role in minimising gas emissions to the atmosphere. Capillary and methanotrophic final cover layers presented lower CH4 flux rates than the conventional layer.

Felipe Juc Maciel; Jos Fernando Thom Juc

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Well-to-Wheels analysis of landfill gas-based pathways and their addition to the GREET model.  

SciTech Connect

Today, approximately 300 million standard cubic ft/day (mmscfd) of natural gas and 1600 MW of electricity are produced from the decomposition of organic waste at 519 U.S. landfills (EPA 2010a). Since landfill gas (LFG) is a renewable resource, this energy is considered renewable. When used as a vehicle fuel, compressed natural gas (CNG) produced from LFG consumes up to 185,000 Btu of fossil fuel and generates from 1.5 to 18.4 kg of carbon dioxide-equivalent (CO{sub 2}e) emissions per million Btu of fuel on a 'well-to-wheel' (WTW) basis. This compares with approximately 1.1 million Btu and 78.2 kg of CO{sub 2}e per million Btu for CNG from fossil natural gas and 1.2 million Btu and 97.5 kg of CO{sub 2}e per million Btu for petroleum gasoline. Because of the additional energy required for liquefaction, LFG-based liquefied natural gas (LNG) requires more fossil fuel (222,000-227,000 Btu/million Btu WTW) and generates more GHG emissions (approximately 22 kg CO{sub 2}e /MM Btu WTW) if grid electricity is used for the liquefaction process. However, if some of the LFG is used to generate electricity for gas cleanup and liquefaction (or compression, in the case of CNG), vehicle fuel produced from LFG can have no fossil fuel input and only minimal GHG emissions (1.5-7.7 kg CO{sub 2}e /MM Btu) on a WTW basis. Thus, LFG-based natural gas can be one of the lowest GHG-emitting fuels for light- or heavy-duty vehicles. This report discusses the size and scope of biomethane resources from landfills and the pathways by which those resources can be turned into and utilized as vehicle fuel. It includes characterizations of the LFG stream and the processes used to convert low-Btu LFG into high-Btu renewable natural gas (RNG); documents the conversion efficiencies and losses of those processes, the choice of processes modeled in GREET, and other assumptions used to construct GREET pathways; and presents GREET results by pathway stage. GREET estimates of well-to-pump (WTP), pump-to-wheel (PTW), and WTW energy, fossil fuel, and GHG emissions for each LFG-based pathway are then summarized and compared with similar estimates for fossil natural gas and petroleum pathways.

Mintz, M.; Han, J.; Wang, M.; Saricks, C.; Energy Systems

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

156

Byxbee Park Sanitary Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facility Facility Byxbee Park Sanitary Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Santa Clara County, California Coordinates 37.2938907, -121.7195459...

157

Renewable Energy 32 (2007) 12431257 Methane generation in landfills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Some of the modern regulated landfills attempt to capture and utilize landfill biogas, a renewable collecting landfill biogas worldwide. The landfills that capture biogas in the US collect about 2.6 million. All rights reserved. Keywords: Landfill gas; Renewable energy; Municipal solid waste; Biogas; Methane

Columbia University

158

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual international landfill Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-end of lifetime average collection efficiencies for international greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories for landfills... t h e U . S i THE IMPORTANCE OF LANDFILL GAS CAPTURE AND...

159

A renewable energy plan for the Oak Grove Sanitary Landfill In Winder, Georgia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Oak Grove Sanitary Landfill in Winder, Georgia is already refining its landfill gas (LFG) and sending it through the natural gas pipeline. This is more (more)

Hambrick, Tracy L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Landfills Convert Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas on AddThis.com... May 25, 2013 Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Kingairloch Hydroelectric Scheme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Worldwide today the installed capacity of hydroelectric power stations is of the order of...9) supplying some 3,000TWh (where T = 1012).

Dr. Reginald W. Herschy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Repurposing a Hydroelectric Plant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis project explores repurposing a hydroelectric plant along Richmond Virginia's Canal Walk. The building has been redesigned to create a community-oriented space programmed as (more)

Pritcher, Melissa

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

HYDROELECTRIC SYSTEM DESIGN.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hydroelectric power generation is not a viable option as a prime source of electrical energy for the Pico Blanco Boy Scout Camp, as determined by (more)

Brown, Timothy McDonnell

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Optimizing Profits from Hydroelectricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing Profits from Hydroelectricity Production Daniel De Ladurantaye Michel Gendreau Jean the profits obtained by the stochastic model. Keywords: Hydroelectricity, electricity market, prices, dams countries deregulate their electricity market, new challenges appear for hydroelectricity producers

Potvin, Jean-Yves

165

Small Hydroelectric | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Small)) Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description List of Small Hydroelectric Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSmallHydroelectric&oldid26...

166

Hydroelectric energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydroelectric) Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description List of Hydroelectric Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleHydroelectricenergy&oldid...

167

(sanitary) landfill reclamation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(sanitary) landfill reclamation, reclamation of (sanitary) landfills [For industrial and commercial development] ? Deponielandgewinnung f, Kippenlandgewinnung

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Preliminary Estimates of Combined Heat and Power Greenhouse Gas Abatement Potential for California in 2020  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

renewables, including hydroelectric. For this analysis, itin 2010 and 33% in 2020. Hydroelectric generation follows aGas Cogeneration Hydroelectric New Renewables Existing

Firestone, Ryan; Ling, Frank; Marnay, Chris; Hamachi LaCommare, Kristina

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Ni catalysts derived from MgAl layered double hydroxides for hydrogen production from landfill gas conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A layered double hydroxide (LDH) precursor with a hydrotalcite-like structure containing Ni/Mg/Al cations was prepared. A series of Ni catalysts containing mixed-oxides and spinel phases were then obtained through thermal treatment of the LDH precursor. X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) revealed that the LDH derived Ni catalysts have well-dispersed nickel phases upon reduction. The thermal treatment temperatures have noticeable effects on the specific surface area, pore volume, phase transformation, particle size, and reducibility of the catalysts. Thermal treatment temperatures up to 700C promote the generation of mesopores which facilitate an increase in specific area and pore volume. Beyond 700C sintering occurs, mesopores collapse, and specific area and pore volume decrease. High thermal treatment temperatures favor the phase transformation to spinel solid solutions and the particle size growth. Metal-support interaction is enhanced but reducibility is hindered due to the formation of spinel solid solution phases. The LDH derived Ni catalysts were tested for landfill gas conversion at 750C and have shown excellent activity and stability in terms of methane conversion. At gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) of 240,000h?1 and pressure of 1atm, 81% methane conversion was achieved during a 48h test period without apparent catalyst deactivation.

Qingsong Wang; Wei Ren; Xueliang Yuan; Ruimin Mu; Zhanlong Song; Xiaolin Wang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Hydroelectric energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydroelectric Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleHydroelectricenergy&oldid277908...

171

Underground pumped hydroelectric storage  

SciTech Connect

Underground pumped hydroelectric energy storage was conceived as a modification of surface pumped storage to eliminate dependence upon fortuitous topography, provide higher hydraulic heads, and reduce environmental concerns. A UPHS plant offers substantial savings in investment cost over coal-fired cycling plants and savings in system production costs over gas turbines. Potential location near load centers lowers transmission costs and line losses. Environmental impact is less than that for a coal-fired cycling plant. The inherent benefits include those of all pumped storage (i.e., rapid load response, emergency capacity, improvement in efficiency as pumps improve, and capacity for voltage regulation). A UPHS plant would be powered by either a coal-fired or nuclear baseload plant. The economic capacity of a UPHS plant would be in the range of 1000 to 3000 MW. This storage level is compatible with the load-leveling requirements of a greater metropolitan area with population of 1 million or more. The technical feasibility of UPHS depends upon excavation of a subterranean powerhouse cavern and reservoir caverns within a competent, impervious rock formation, and upon selection of reliable and efficient turbomachinery - pump-turbines and motor-generators - all remotely operable.

Allen, R.D.; Doherty, T.J.; Kannberg, L.D.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Hydroelectric Plants (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A permit is required from the Executive Council of Iowa for the construction, maintenance, or operation of any hydroelectric facility. All applications will be subject to a public hearing.

173

Scottish Hydroelectric Schemes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... completed his study of the report into the Enquiry into the Fado-Fionn and Laidon hydroelectric schemes. The report concluded that neither scheme was needed, at least up to 1975 ...

1965-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

174

Burbank Water and Power SBX1 2 Compliance Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

impact hydroelectric generation, digester gas, municipal solid waste, landfill gas, ocean wave, ocean

175

"1. John Day","Hydroelectric","USCE-North Pacific Division",2160  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oregon" Oregon" "1. John Day","Hydroelectric","USCE-North Pacific Division",2160 "2. The Dalles","Hydroelectric","USCE-North Pacific Division",1823 "3. Bonneville","Hydroelectric","USCE-North Pacific Division",1093 "4. McNary","Hydroelectric","USCE-North Pacific Division",991 "5. Hermiston Power Partnership","Gas","Hermiston Power Partnership",615 "6. Boardman","Coal","Portland General Electric Co",585 "7. Beaver","Gas","Portland General Electric Co",487 "8. Klamath Cogeneration Plant","Gas","Pacific Klamath Energy Inc",470

176

COMBUSTIVE APPROACH FOR MEASURING TOTAL VOLATILE PHOSPHORUS CONTENT IN LANDFILL GAS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A technique was developed to measure the total gaseous phosphorus content in biogas. The amount of air needed for a neutral to oxidising flame was mixed with the biogas. The gas mixture was burnt in a closed quar...

JORIS ROELS; FRANK VANHAECKE; WILLY VERSTRAETE

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Landfill Bioreactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modern waste disposal has evolved from open dumping to the current practice of sanitary landfilling. Although this approach has proved to be a good alternative for preventing a variety of negative human healt...

Dr. J. Patrick A. Hettiaratchi PhD; PEng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

R&D Research/Demonstration Greenhouse Using Methane Gas from a Landfill for Co-Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A research/demonstration greenhouse for the production of greenhouse tomatoes using the single truss tomato production ... from landfills or other sources for heating and lighting to maximize crop production whil...

William J. Roberts

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

(sanitary) landfill operator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(sanitary) landfill operator, Mllkippenbetreiber m, Mlldeponiebetreiber, Kippenbetreiber, Deponiebetreiber

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Hydroelectric | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydroelectric Hydroelectric Dataset Summary Description This dataset presents summary information related to world hydropower. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R. Source Earth Policy Institute Date Released January 12th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Hydro Hydroelectric Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon book_wote_energy_hydro.xls (xls, 83.5 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Attribution License Comment "Reuse of our data is permitted. We merely ask that wherever it is listed, it be appropriately cited" Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

LANDFILL OPERATION FOR CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND MAXIMUM METHANE EMISSION CONTROL  

SciTech Connect

''Conventional'' waste landfills emit methane, a potent greenhouse gas, in quantities such that landfill methane is a major factor in global climate change. Controlled landfilling is a novel approach to manage landfills for rapid completion of total gas generation, maximizing gas capture and minimizing emissions of methane to the atmosphere. With controlled landfilling, methane generation is accelerated and brought to much earlier completion by improving conditions for biological processes (principally moisture levels) in the landfill. Gas recovery efficiency approaches 100% through use of surface membrane cover over porous gas recovery layers operated at slight vacuum. A field demonstration project's results at the Yolo County Central Landfill near Davis, California are, to date, highly encouraging. Two major controlled landfilling benefits would be the reduction of landfill methane emissions to minuscule levels, and the recovery of greater amounts of landfill methane energy in much shorter times than with conventional landfill practice. With the large amount of US landfill methane generated, and greenhouse potency of methane, better landfill methane control can play a substantial role in reduction of US greenhouse gas emissions.

Don Augenstein

1999-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

182

Evaluation of air injection and extraction tests in a landfill site in Korea: implications for landfill management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Air extraction and injection were evaluated for extracting hazardous landfill gas and enhancing degradation of organic materials in a landfill in Korea. From the pilot and full ... pressure radius of influence wa...

J. Lee; C. Lee; K. Lee

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Estimating Policy-Driven Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trajectories in California: The California Greenhouse Gas Inventory Spreadsheet (GHGIS) Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

decision support tool for landfill gas-to energy projects,industrial emissions e. Landfills f. Solid waste treatmentreductions Forests, dairy, landfills 75% overall savings HFC

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Ground Gas Handbook  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...pathways of least resistance to gas transport, and applications are discussed, such as migrating landfill gas emissions, also from leaking landfill gas collection systems, as well as natural gas and oil-field gas leakage from abandoned production...

Allen W Hatheway

185

Chapter 21 - Hydroelectric Power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydroelectric power (hydropower) is a renewable energy source where electrical power is derived from the energy of water moving from higher to lower elevations. It is a proven, mature, predictable and price competitive technology. Hydropower has the best conversion efficiencies among all known energy sources (about 90% efficiency, water to wire). It requires relatively high initial investment, but has a long lifespan with very low operation and maintenance costs. The existing hydropower system has an annual generation capacity of 3500TWha?1 and contributes to 16% of the annual electricity generation worldwide. There is still a large potential for further development, as the total technical potential has been estimated to be roughly 15000TWh. Out of this, about 8000TWh has been classified as economical potential. In Europe close to 50% of technical potential has already been developed, in Asia 25% and in Africa only 8%. Significant potential can also be found in existing infrastructure that currently lacks generating units (e.g. existing barrages, weirs, dams, canal fall structures, water supply schemes) by adding new hydropower facilities. Only 25% of the existing 45000 large dams in the world are currently used for hydropower, the other 75% are used exclusively for other purposes (e.g. irrigation, flood control, navigation and urban water supply schemes). Hydropower offers significant potential for carbon emissions reductions, since greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are generally very low, typically less than 1% of that from coal power plants. Hydropower is cost competitive, with levelised cost of energy (LCOE) typically in the range (3 to 5) USc(kWh)?1, which is comparable to the cost of energy from thermal power plants. Hydropower has an energy payback ratio (EPR) of 200300, highest of all types of renewable energies. Hydropower can provide both energy and water management services and also help to support other variable renewable energy sources like wind and solar, by providing storage and load balancing services.

nund Killingtveit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

salt-water pumped-storage hydroelectric plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

salt-water pumped-storage hydroelectric plant, saltwater pumped-storage hydroelectric station, seawater pumped-storage hydroelectric plant, seawater pumped-storage hydroelectric station ? Salzwasser-...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES PROCUREMENT PLAN This Renewable Energy Resources Procurement Plan ("RPS Procurement Plan" or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and tidal current Biogas Geothermal Photovoltaic Biomass Hydroelectric incremental generation from efficiency improvements Small hydroelectric (30 megawatts or less) Conduit hydroelectric Landfill gas Solar

188

The world's largest landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The world's largest landfill ... GeoChip-Based Analysis of Microbial Functional Gene Diversity in a Landfill Leachate-Contaminated Aquifer ... GeoChip-Based Analysis of Microbial Functional Gene Diversity in a Landfill Leachate-Contaminated Aquifer ...

Joseph M. Suflita; Charles P. Gerba; Robert K. Ham; Anna C. Palmisano; William L. Rathje; Joseph A. Robinson

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

AngaraYenisei Hydroelectric Schemes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the Rivers Angara and Yenisei will have 'cascades' of six dams, providing power for hydroelectric stations. The largest of these, situated at Bratsk, on the River Angara, was ...

1961-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

190

The northeast Georgia hydroelectric plants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Northeast Georgia hydroelectric plants are important cultural resources to the state of Georgia and the communities immediately adjacent. If the early technology of these (more)

Kelly, Nancy Elizabeth

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Landfill Methane Project Development Handbook | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Landfill Methane Project Development Handbook Landfill Methane Project Development Handbook Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Landfill Methane Project Development Handbook Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Biomass, - Landfill Gas Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Get Feedback Resource Type: Guide/manual User Interface: Website Website: www.epa.gov/lmop/publications-tools/handbook.html Cost: Free References: Project Development Handbook[1] The handbook describes the process of implementing a waste-to-energy landfill gas project. Overview "Approximately 250 million tons of solid waste was generated in the United States in 2008 with 54 percent deposited in municipal solid waste (MSW)

192

Environmental Impacts of Increased Hydroelectric Development...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Environmental Impacts of Increased Hydroelectric Development at Existing Dams Environmental Impacts of Increased Hydroelectric Development at Existing Dams This report describes...

193

"1. Brownlee","Hydroelectric","Idaho Power Co",744 "2. Dworshak","Hydroelectric","USCE-North Pacific Division",400  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Idaho" Idaho" "1. Brownlee","Hydroelectric","Idaho Power Co",744 "2. Dworshak","Hydroelectric","USCE-North Pacific Division",400 "3. Cabinet Gorge","Hydroelectric","Avista Corp",255 "4. Rathdrum Power LLC","Gas","Rathdrum Operating Services Co., Inc.",248 "5. Evander Andrews Power Complex","Gas","Idaho Power Co",247 "6. Palisades","Hydroelectric","U S Bureau of Reclamation",176 "7. Bennett Mountain","Gas","Idaho Power Co",164 "8. Rathdrum","Gas","Avista Corp",132 "9. Goshen Phase II","Other Renewables","AE Power Services LLC",125

194

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Photovoltaics, Landfill Gas, Wind, Biomass, Hydroelectric, Geothermal Electric, Geothermal Heat Pumps, CHP, Small Hydroelectric, Tidal, Wave, Ocean Thermal, Biodiesel, Fuel Cells Using Renewable Fuels September% by 2020 Solar Thermal Electric, Photovoltaics, Landfill Gas, Wind, Biomass, Hydroelectric, Geothermal

195

UNFCCC-Consolidated baseline and monitoring methodology for landfill...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TOOL Name: UNFCCC-Consolidated baseline and monitoring methodology for landfill gas project activities AgencyCompany Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on...

196

Colton Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colton Landfill Biomass Facility Colton Landfill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Colton Landfill Biomass Facility Facility Colton Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location San Bernardino County, California Coordinates 34.9592083°, -116.419389° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.9592083,"lon":-116.419389,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

197

Girvin Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Girvin Landfill Biomass Facility Girvin Landfill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Girvin Landfill Biomass Facility Facility Girvin Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Duval County, Florida Coordinates 30.3500511°, -81.6035062° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.3500511,"lon":-81.6035062,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

198

Acme Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Landfill Biomass Facility Landfill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Acme Landfill Biomass Facility Facility Acme Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Contra Costa County, California Coordinates 37.8534093°, -121.9017954° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.8534093,"lon":-121.9017954,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

199

BKK Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BKK Landfill Biomass Facility BKK Landfill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name BKK Landfill Biomass Facility Facility BKK Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Los Angeles County, California Coordinates 34.3871821°, -118.1122679° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.3871821,"lon":-118.1122679,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

200

Dane County Landfill | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dane County Landfill Dane County Landfill Jump to: navigation, search Name Dane County Landfill Facility Dane County Landfill #2 Rodefeld Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Dane County, Wisconsin Coordinates 43.0186073°, -89.5497632° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.0186073,"lon":-89.5497632,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Westchester Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Landfill Biomass Facility Landfill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Westchester Landfill Biomass Facility Facility Westchester Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Cook County, Illinois Coordinates 41.7376587°, -87.697554° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.7376587,"lon":-87.697554,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

202

Kiefer Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kiefer Landfill Biomass Facility Kiefer Landfill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Kiefer Landfill Biomass Facility Facility Kiefer Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Sacramento County, California Coordinates 38.47467°, -121.3541631° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.47467,"lon":-121.3541631,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

203

Milliken Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Milliken Landfill Biomass Facility Milliken Landfill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Milliken Landfill Biomass Facility Facility Milliken Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location San Bernardino County, California Coordinates 34.9592083°, -116.419389° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.9592083,"lon":-116.419389,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

204

Potential for hydroelectric development in Alaska  

SciTech Connect

Testimony concerning Alaskan hydroelectricity development is presented. Various public and private organizations were represented.

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

An alternative methodology for the analysis of electrical resistivity data from a soil gas study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......causes a problem, especially in landfill gas models. The uncertainties originate...the gas in the soil pores. In landfill gas models, several authors (e...Lamborn J. , 2007. Developing a landfill gas model, inTenth International Waste......

Sara Johansson; Hkan Rosqvist; Mats Svensson; Torleif Dahlin; Virginie Leroux

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Carbonates and oxalates in sediments and landfill: monitors of death and decay in natural and artificial systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...intermediate stage in the production of landfill gas and as a sink for ammonia as ammonium...waste are monitored by analysis of landfill gas and leachate. Gas compositional...years. Fig. 3. Evolution in landfill gas composition with time, showing...

DAVID A. C. MANNING

207

LANDFILL GAS CONVERSION TO LNG AND LCO{sub 2}. PHASE 1, FINAL REPORT FOR THE PERIOD MARCH 1998-FEBRUARY 1999  

SciTech Connect

Process designs and economics were developed to produce LNG and liquid carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) from landfill gas (LFG) using the Acrion CO{sub 2} wash process. The patented Acrion CO{sub 2} wash process uses liquid CO{sub 2} to absorb contaminants from the LFG. The process steps are compression, drying, CO{sub 2} wash contaminant removal and CO{sub 2} recovery, residual CO{sub 2} removal and methane liquefaction. Three flowsheets were developed using different residual CO{sub 2} removal schemes. These included physical solvent absorption (methanol), membranes and molecular sieves. The capital and operating costs of the flowsheets were very similar. The LNG production cost was around ten cents per gallon. In parallel with process flowsheet development, the business aspects of an eventual commercial project have been explored. The process was found to have significant potential commercial application. The business plan effort investigated the economics of LNG transportation, fueling, vehicle conversion, and markets. The commercial value of liquid CO{sub 2} was also investigated. This Phase 1 work, March 1998 through February 1999, was funded under Brookhaven National laboratory contract 725089 under the research program entitled ``Liquefied Natural Gas as a Heavy Vehicle Fuel.'' The Phase 2 effort will develop flowsheets for the following: (1) CO{sub 2} and pipeline gas production, with the pipeline methane being liquefied at a peak shaving site, (2) sewage digester gas as an alternate feedstock to LFG and (3) the use of mixed refrigerants for process cooling. Phase 2 will also study the modification of Acrion's process demonstration unit for the production of LNG and a market site for LNG production.

COOK,W.J.; NEYMAN,M.; SIWAJEK,L.A.; BROWN,W.R.; VAN HAUWAERT,P.M.; CURREN,E.D.

1998-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

208

Landfill Leachate Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Leachate refers to the liquid, contaminated water, that results from the interaction between any water in a landfill, e.g., as the result of rainwater infiltration, and the waste emplaced in the landfill. Lea...

Dr. Haluk Akgn; Jaak J. K. Daemen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Landfill Methane Oxidation Across Climate Types in the U.S.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Methane oxidation in landfill covers was determined by stable isotope analyses over 37 seasonal sampling events at 20 landfills with intermediate covers over four years. Values were calculated two ways: by assuming no isotopic fractionation during gas ...

Jeffrey Chanton; Tarek Abichou; Claire Langford; Gary Hater; Roger Green; Doug Goldsmith; Nathan Swan

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

210

"1. Oahe","Hydroelectric","USCE-Missouri River District",714  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dakota" Dakota" "1. Oahe","Hydroelectric","USCE-Missouri River District",714 "2. Big Bend","Hydroelectric","USCE-Missouri River District",520 "3. Big Stone","Coal","Otter Tail Power Co",476 "4. Fort Randall","Hydroelectric","USCE-Missouri River District",360 "5. Angus Anson","Gas","Northern States Power Co - Minnesota",338 "6. Buffalo Ridge II LLC","Other Renewables","Iberdrola Renewables Inc",210 "7. Groton Generating Station","Gas","Basin Electric Power Coop",169 "8. MinnDakota Wind LLC","Other Renewables","Iberdrola Renewables Inc",150

211

Modelling the GHG emission from hydroelectric reservoirs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mechanistic model has been constructed to compute the fluxes of CO2 and CH4 emitted from the surface of hydroelectric reservoirs. The structure of the model has been designed to be adaptable to hydroelectric re...

Normand Thrien; Ken Morrison

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Optimization Online - Managing Hydroelectric Reservoirs over an ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 7, 2013 ... Managing Hydroelectric Reservoirs over an Extended Planning Horizon using a Benders Decomposition Algorithm Exploiting a Memory Loss...

Pierre-Luc Carpentier

2013-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

213

EIS-0456: Cushman Hydroelectric Project, Tacoma, Washington  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS is for the design and construction of certain components of the Cushman Hydroelectric Project in Mason County, Washington.

214

Landfill site selection and landfill liner design for Ankara, Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Considering the high population growth rate of Ankara, it is inevitable that landfill(s) will be required in the area ... scope of this study is to select alternative landfill sites for Ankara based on the growin...

Gzde P?nar Yal; Haluk Akgn

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

British Hydro-Electric Development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and availability of skilled labour also enter into the problem. The interconnexion of steam and hydroelectric power plants will, in certain cases, promote the best economic results by utilising the ... England and Wales. They state that the technical difficulties in obtaining efficient results from water turbines operating under the onerous conditions of a widely fluctuating head of water have now been ...

1934-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

216

Technical Note Methane gas migration through geomembranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Fick's law. This chart can be used by landfill designers to evaluate the methane gas transmission rate for a selected geomembrane type and thickness and expected methane gas pressure in the landfill. KEYWORDS landfill usually consists, from bottom to top, of: graded landfill surface; a gas-venting layer; a low

217

Illinois Turning Landfill Trash into Future Cash | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turning Landfill Trash into Future Cash Turning Landfill Trash into Future Cash Illinois Turning Landfill Trash into Future Cash September 28, 2010 - 5:35pm Addthis Illinois Turning Landfill Trash into Future Cash Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Will County, Illinois officials yesterday formally broke ground on a new $7 million project (that includes $1 million of Energy Efficiency Conservation Block Grant funds) to turn methane gas from the Prairie View Landfill into electricity in a partnership with Waste Management. Will County will receive revenue from the sale of the gas created from decomposing garbage which will be harnessed and converted to generate 4.8 megawatts of green electrical power and used to power up to 8,000 homes. The future revenue generated from the sale of the gas and the sale of the

218

List of Hydroelectric Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydroelectric Incentives Hydroelectric Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 1298 Hydroelectric Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-1000) CSV (rows 1001-1298) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active 401 Certification (Vermont) Environmental Regulations Vermont Utility Industrial Biomass/Biogas Coal with CCS Geothermal Electric Hydroelectric energy Small Hydroelectric Nuclear Yes Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide Emissions/Carbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program (Connecticut) Environmental Regulations Connecticut Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government

219

Landfill Bioreactor Financial AnalysisMonterey Peninsula Landfill, Marina, California  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Monterey Peninsula Landfill, owned and operated by the Monterey Regional ... that is permitted under the State of California landfill regulations. In order to evaluate the potential...

S. Purdy; R. Shedden

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

University of Washington Montlake Landfill Oversight Committee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Washington Montlake Landfill Oversight Committee Montlake Landfill Project Guide Department with the review and approval of the Montlake Landfill Oversight Committee. #12;Montlake Landfill ...................................................................................................................................3 Figure 1 ­ Approximate Boundaries of the Montlake Landfill

Wilcock, William

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Aerobic landfill bioreactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention includes a method of decomposing municipal solid waste (MSW) within a landfill by converting the landfill to aerobic degradation in the following manner: (1) injecting air via the landfill leachate collection system (2) injecting air via vertical air injection wells installed within the waste mass; (3) applying leachate to the waste mass using a pressurized drip irrigation system; (4) allowing landfill gases to vent; and (5) adjusting air injection and recirculated leachate to achieve a 40% to 60% moisture level and a temperature between 120.degree. F. and 140.degree. F. in steady state.

Hudgins, Mark P (Aiken, SC); Bessette, Bernard J (Aiken, SC); March, John (Winterville, GA); McComb, Scott T. (Andersonville, SC)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Aerobic landfill bioreactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention includes a system of decomposing municipal solid waste (MSW) within a landfill by converting the landfill to aerobic degradation in the following manner: (1) injecting air via the landfill leachate collection system (2) injecting air via vertical air injection wells installed within the waste mass; (3) applying leachate to the waste mass using a pressurized drip irrigation system; (4) allowing landfill gases to vent; and (5) adjusting air injection and recirculated leachate to achieve a 40% to 60% moisture level and a temperature between 120.degree. F. and 140.degree. F. in steady state.

Hudgins, Mark P (Aiken, SC); Bessette, Bernard J (Aiken, SC); March, John C (Winterville, GA); McComb, Scott T. (Andersonville, SC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Leachate Free Hazardous Waste Landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiences of the past few decades have shown that controlling leachate cannot be done by sealing only the landfill bed, but rather by sealing landfill top cover.

Dipl.Ing. Karl Rohrhofer; Dr.Techn. Fariar Kohzad

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydroelectric, digester gas, electrolysis, eligibility, fuel cell, gasification, geothermal, hydrogen, landfill, retail sales, small hydroelectric, Self- Generation Incentive Program, solar thermal, supplemental energy

225

Automation of hydroelectric power plants  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes how the author's company has been automating its hydroelectric generating plants. The early automations were achieved with a relay-type supervisory control system, relay logic, dc tachometer, and a pneumatic gate-position controller. While this system allowed the units to be started and stopped from a remote location, they were operated at an output that was preset by the pneumatic control at the generating site. The supervisory control system at the site provided such information as unit status, generator breaker status, and a binary coded decimal (BCD) value of the pond level. The generating units are started by energizing an on-site relay that sets the pneumatic gate controller to a preset value above the synchronous speed of the hydroelectric generator. The pneumatic controller then opens the water-wheel wicket gates to the preset startup position. As the hydroelectric generator starts to turn, the machine-mounted dc tachometer produces a voltage. At a dc voltage equivalent to synchronous speed, the generator main breaker closes, and a contact from the main breaker starts a field-delay timer. Within a few seconds, the field breaker closes. Once the cycle is complete, a relay changes the pneumatic setpoint to a preset operating point of about 8/10 wicket gate opening.

Grasser, H.S. (Consolidated Papers, Inc., Wisconsin Rapids, WI (US))

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing landfill performance Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and WTE waste management options... Transfer Stations (MTS); Life Cycle Assessment (LCA); Landfill Gas (LFG): Geographic Wormation Systems (GIS... . Care has been taken to...

227

E-Print Network 3.0 - areas treating landfill Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conference COMPARISON OF AIR EMISSIONS FROM WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Summary: .K. dioxins emissions have been reported in the fugitive gas emissions from landfills as well as...

228

Sorption model of trichloroethylene (TCE) and benezene in municipal landfill materials.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research is intended to establish a mathematical model describing the mass transfer of trace gas in landfill. Experimental data used for calibration were reported (more)

Chuang, Yuh-Lin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Marine Hydroelectric Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydroelectric Company Address: 24040 Camino Del Avion A 107 Place: Monarch Beach Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Year Founded: 1983 Phone Number: (949) 361-6474 Website: http:...

230

Hydroelectric Webinar Presentation Slides and Text Version  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Download presentation slides and a text version of the audio from the DOE Office of Indian Energy webinar onhydroelectric renewable energy.

231

I 95 Landfill Phase II Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Landfill Phase II Biomass Facility Landfill Phase II Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name I 95 Landfill Phase II Biomass Facility Facility I 95 Landfill Phase II Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Fairfax County, Virginia Coordinates 38.9085472°, -77.2405153° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.9085472,"lon":-77.2405153,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

232

Prima Desheha Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Prima Desheha Landfill Biomass Facility Prima Desheha Landfill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Prima Desheha Landfill Biomass Facility Facility Prima Desheha Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Orange County, California Coordinates 33.7174708°, -117.8311428° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.7174708,"lon":-117.8311428,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

233

Four Hills Nashua Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Four Hills Nashua Landfill Biomass Facility Four Hills Nashua Landfill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Four Hills Nashua Landfill Biomass Facility Facility Four Hills Nashua Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Coordinates 42.8334794°, -71.6673352° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.8334794,"lon":-71.6673352,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

234

Ocean County Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Landfill Biomass Facility County Landfill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Ocean County Landfill Biomass Facility Facility Ocean County Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Ocean County, New Jersey Coordinates 39.9652553°, -74.3118212° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.9652553,"lon":-74.3118212,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

235

Cuyahoga Regional Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Landfill Biomass Facility Landfill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Cuyahoga Regional Landfill Biomass Facility Facility Cuyahoga Regional Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Cuyahoga County, Ohio Coordinates 41.7048247°, -81.7787021° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.7048247,"lon":-81.7787021,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

236

Miramar Landfill Metro Biosolids Center Biomass Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Miramar Landfill Metro Biosolids Center Biomass Facility Miramar Landfill Metro Biosolids Center Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Miramar Landfill Metro Biosolids Center Biomass Facility Facility Miramar Landfill Metro Biosolids Center Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location San Diego County, California Coordinates 33.0933809°, -116.6081653° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.0933809,"lon":-116.6081653,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

237

Mid Valley Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Landfill Biomass Facility Landfill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Mid Valley Landfill Biomass Facility Facility Mid Valley Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location San Bernardino County, California Coordinates 34.9592083°, -116.419389° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.9592083,"lon":-116.419389,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

238

Blackburn Landfill Co-Generation Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Blackburn Landfill Co-Generation Biomass Facility Blackburn Landfill Co-Generation Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Blackburn Landfill Co-Generation Biomass Facility Facility Blackburn Landfill Co-Generation Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Catawba County, North Carolina Coordinates 35.6840748°, -81.2518833° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.6840748,"lon":-81.2518833,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

239

Pearl Hollow Landfil Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pearl Hollow Landfil Biomass Facility Pearl Hollow Landfil Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Pearl Hollow Landfil Biomass Facility Facility Pearl Hollow Landfil Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Hardin County, Kentucky Coordinates 37.6565708°, -86.0121573° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.6565708,"lon":-86.0121573,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

240

COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pipeline, conduit hydroelectric, digester gas, electrolysis, eligibility, energy storage, fuel cell, gasification, geothermal, hydroelectric, hydrogen, incremental generation, landfill gas, multifuel, municipal Standard, repowered, retail sales, small hydroelectric, SelfGeneration Incentive Program, solar, solar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

STAFF FINAL GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydroelectric, digester gas, electrolysis, eligibility, energy storage, fuel cell, gasification, geothermal, hydroelectric, hydrogen, incremental generation, landfill gas, multifuel, municipal solid waste, ocean wave, retail sales, small hydroelectric, SelfGeneration Incentive Program, solar, solar thermal, supplemental

242

Final Guidance for EPAct 2005 Section 242 Hydroelectric Incentive...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Final Guidance for EPAct 2005 Section 242 Hydroelectric Incentive Program Final Guidance for EPAct 2005 Section 242 Hydroelectric Incentive Program This document contains the Final...

243

Energy Department Seeks Feedback on Draft Guidance for the Hydroelectr...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Feedback on Draft Guidance for the Hydroelectric Production Incentive Program Energy Department Seeks Feedback on Draft Guidance for the Hydroelectric Production Incentive Program...

244

Microsoft PowerPoint - AECC Hydroelectric Generation 2010.pptx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Electric Cooperative Corporation Cooperative Corporation AECC H d l i AECC Hydroelectric Generation Facilities Generation Facilities Arkansas Electric Cooperative Corporation Cooperative Corporation * Generation and Transmission Cooperative headquartered in Little Rock * Wholesale power provider for 16 distribution cooperatives * Serves about 62% of Arkansas with over 400,000 consumers O b 2 600 MW f i 12 * Owns about 2,600 MW of generation at 12 different facilities. Arkansas Electric Cooperative Corporation Cooperative Corporation 2009 G i b S f A CC 2009 Generation by Energy Source for AECC Owned and Co-Owned Plants * Natural Gas and Oil 4.0% * Wyoming Coal 88.8% * Water 7.2% Water 7.2% Arkansas Electric Cooperative Corporation Cooperative Corporation E i ti H d l t i Existing Hydroelectric Generating Resources

245

Hydro-Electric Development Works1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Institution of Electrical Engineers by Mr. J. W. Meares, chief engineer of the Hydroelectric Service of India, dealing with the general principles of the development and storage of ... 's paper is a general survey of the various problems connected with the inception of hydroelectric installations; it outlines the conditions essential to the satisfactory development of any scheme of ...

BRYSSON CUNNINGHAM

1919-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

246

Hungarian establishment now opposes hydroelectric project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... permission to publish its three reports on the probable environmental effect of the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros hydroelectric project. This is the latest in a sequence of events that, since the conference ... , north from its present channel, and the construction of two major 'peak-hour' hydroelectric plants at Gabcikovo in Slovakia and Nagymaros in Hungary, was originally intended as a ...

Vera Rich

1988-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

247

Energy 101: Hydroelectric Power | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Hydroelectric Power Energy 101: Hydroelectric Power Energy 101: Hydroelectric Power August 13, 2013 - 2:27pm Addthis Learn how hydroelectric power, or hydropower, captures the kinetic energy of flowing water and turns it into electricity for our homes and businesses. Humans have been using water to generate power for thousands of years. Hydroelectric power, or hydropower, captures the kinetic energy of flowing water and turns it into electricity, which is then fed into the electrical grid to be used in homes and businesses. This edition of Energy 101 shows how the Energy Department is supporting the development of new hydropower technologies to produce clean, renewable, and reliable power here in the United States. For more information on hydropower from the Office of Energy Efficiency and

248

Unusual calcite stromatolites and pisoids from a landfill leachate collection system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with leachate. The remaining void space is filled with landfill gas, which is composed mainly of methane and carbon dioxide...with leachate. The remaining void space is filled with landfill gas, which is composed mainly of methane and carbon dioxide...

249

5341 sanitary landfill [n] (1)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

envir....(Process of controlled dumping [US]/tipping [UK] of industrial or domestic waste material on a landfill site by dumping/tipping in layers, each... sanitary landfill [US]2 ...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Fish and hydroelectricity; Engineering a better coexistence  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the problems that hydroelectric plants have regarding fish populations. The utilities that operate these plants are finding that accommodating migrating fish presents unique engineering challenges, not the least of which involves designing and building systems to protect fish species whose migratory behavior remains something of a mystery. Where such systems cannot be built, the status of hydroelectric dams may be in doubt, as is now the case with several dams in the United States. A further twist in some regions in the possibility that certain migratory fish will be declared threatened or endangered-a development that could wreak havoc on the hydroelectric energy supply in those regions.

Zorpette, G.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Tribal Renewable Energy Foundational Course: Hydroelectric  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Watch the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy foundational course webinar on hydroelectric renewable energy by clicking on the .swf link below. You can also download the PowerPoint...

252

Hydroelectric Resources on State Lands (Montana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This chapter authorizes the leasing of state lands for the development of hydroelectric resources. It provides regulations for the granting and duration of leases, as well as for the inspection of...

253

Indian River Hydroelectric Project Grant  

SciTech Connect

This Final Technical Report provides a concise retrospective and summary of all facets of the Sheldon Jackson College electrical Infrastructure Renovation portion of the Indian River Hydroelectric Project Grant of the City and Borough of Sitka, Alaska. The Project Overview describes the origins of the project, the original conditions that provided the impetus for the grant funding, how the grant amendment was developed, the conceptual design development, and the actual parameters of the final project as it went out to bid. The Project Overview also describes the ''before and after'' conditions of the project. The Objectives division of this Final Technical Report describes the amendment-funded goals of the project. It also describes the milestones of project development and implementation, as well as, the rationale behind the milestone array. The Description of Activities Performed division of this report provides an in-depth chronological analysis of progressive project implementation. Photographs will provide further illustration of particular functional aspects of the renovation project within project parameters. The Conclusions and Recommendations division of this report provides a comprehensive retrospective analysis of the project.

Rebecca Garrett

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

254

Hydrologic evaluation of landfill performance (HELP) modeling in bioreactor landfill design and permitting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The practice of operating municipal solid waste landfills as bioreactor landfills has become more common over the past ... balance and flow is more critical in such landfills than in dry landfills, researchers ha...

Qiyong Xu; Hwidong Kim; Pradeep Jain

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessment uri hydroelectric Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

uri hydroelectric Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: assessment uri hydroelectric Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 FUTURE HYDROELECTRIC...

256

Update on Hilo Landfill Leachate TUpdate on Hilo Landfill Leachate TUpdate on Hilo Landfill Leachate TUpdate on Hilo Landfill Leachate TUpdate on Hilo Landfill Leachate Treatment Studyreatment Studyreatment Studyreatment Studyreatment Study continued on p  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Update on Hilo Landfill Leachate TUpdate on Hilo Landfill Leachate TUpdate on Hilo Landfill Leachate TUpdate on Hilo Landfill Leachate TUpdate on Hilo Landfill Leachate Treatment Studyreatment, the County of Hawaii is considering an expansion of the South Hilo Sanitary Landfill (SHSL

257

GEOSYNTHETIC REINFORCEMENT IN LANDFILL DESIGN: US PERSPECTIVES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GEOSYNTHETIC REINFORCEMENT IN LANDFILL DESIGN: US PERSPECTIVES Jorge G. Zornberg1 , M. ASCE Abstract: Geosynthetic reinforcement in landfill applications in the US has involved conventional reinforced soil structures and veneer stabilization with reinforcements placed along the landfill slope

Zornberg, Jorge G.

258

Definition: Hydroelectric power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

power power Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Hydroelectric power The use of flowing water to power a turbine to produce electrical energy.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Hydroelectricity is the term referring to electricity generated by hydropower; the production of electrical power through the use of the gravitational force of falling or flowing water. It is the most widely used form of renewable energy, accounting for 16 percent of global electricity generation - 3,427 terawatt-hours of electricity production in 2010, and is expected to increase about 3.1% each year for the next 25 years. Hydropower is produced in 150 countries, with the Asia-Pacific region generating 32 percent of global hydropower in 2010. China is the largest hydroelectricity producer, with 721 terawatt-hours of production in 2010,

259

Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Generation Toolkit-Hydroelectric | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Generation Toolkit-Hydroelectric Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Generation Toolkit-Hydroelectric Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Generation Toolkit-Hydroelectric Agency/Company /Organization: United States Agency for International Development Sector: Energy Resource Type: Training materials Website: www.energytoolbox.org/gcre/mod_4/index.shtml Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Generation Toolkit-Hydroelectric Screenshot References: Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Generation Toolkit-Hydroelectric[1] Logo: Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Generation Toolkit-Hydroelectric GCREhydro.JPG References ↑ "Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Generation Toolkit-Hydroelectric" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Grid-Connected_Renewable_Energy_Generation_Toolkit-Hydroelectric&oldid=375082

260

Stochastic Co-optimization for Hydro-Electric Power Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in three hydroelectric power plants and is currently constructing a fourth, earns income from power sales and maintain stable towns close to the river. We both get the benefits of improved hydroelectric power

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

International Energy Outlook 1999 - Hydroelectricity and Other Renewable  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

hydroelectricty.gif (7905 bytes) hydroelectricty.gif (7905 bytes) Renewable energy use is projected to increase by 62 percent between 1996 and 2020. Almost half the increase is expected in the developing world, where large-scale hydroelectric projects still are being undertaken. Low prices for oil and natural gas in world energy markets continued to diminish the potential for rapid development of renewable energy sources worldwide. Oil prices hit 20-year lows in 1998, in part because the Asian economic crisis resulted in lower worldwide demand. Even production cut agreements by some major oil producers, such as Saudi Arabia, Mexico, and Venezuela, failed to provide measurable price recovery during 1998. On the positive side, the Kyoto Climate Change Protocol proposals to cut greenhouse gas emissions levels may provide an opportunity for growth in

262

Displacing Natural Gas Consumption and Lowering Emissions  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

fuels and thereby reduce their natural gas consumption. Opportunity gas fuels include biogas from animal and agri- cultural wastes, wastewater plants, and landfills, as well as...

263

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ecosystem services and hydroelectricity in Central America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ecosystem services and hydroelectricity in Central America: modelling service services provided to the Costa Rican and Nicaraguan hydroelectric sectors, which are crucial sectors for the conservation and restoration of forests for the services they provide to the hydroelectric sector. As such

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

264

Hybrid Modeling and Control of a Hydroelectric Power Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid Modeling and Control of a Hydroelectric Power Plant Giancarlo Ferrari-Trecate, Domenico,mignone,castagnoli,morari}@aut.ee.ethz.ch Abstract In this work we present the model of a hydroelectric power plant in the framework of Mixed Logic with a model predictive control scheme. 1 Introduction The outflow control for hydroelectric power plants

Ferrari-Trecate, Giancarlo

265

Canadian Hydro-Electric Power Development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... to investigate more widely, though admittedly in a superficial manner, the present stage of hydroelectric power development in the province of Quebec, where he visited power-sites and waterfalls ... Out of the impressive total, whatever it may be, so far the actual utiHsable turbine installations established at the present time yield only 4| million h.p.-a very ...

BRYSSON CUNNINGHAM

1927-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

266

Market Offering Strategies for Hydroelectric Generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper considers the problem of offering electricity produced by a series of hydroelectric reservoirs to a pool-type central market. The market model is a simplified version of the New Zealand wholesale electricity market, with prices modelled by ... Keywords: Dynamic programming: finite state, markov, Natural resources: energy, water resources, Probability: markov processes

G. Pritchard; G. Zakeri

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

7.4 Landfill Methane Utilization  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A chapter on Landfill Methane Utilization from the Clean Energy Strategies for Local Governments publication.

268

IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF THE OLD QUESNEL LANDFILL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF THE OLD QUESNEL LANDFILL FINAL REPORT DOE FRAP 1995-05 Prepared for List of Figures Site Location/Legal Boundary Old Quesnel Landfill .....................................2 Schematic of Source Pathway Receptor Model at Old Quesnel Landfill .......4 Landfill Extent

269

An impact analysis of landfill for waste disposal on climate change: Case study of Sudokwon Landfill Site 2nd Landfill in Korea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The impact of waste landfill on climate change was analyzed by comparing...4 emission from landfill with the potential energy conversion. For this...4 were used against Sudokwon Landfill Site 2nd Landfill, which ...

Seung Kyu Chun; Young Shin Bae

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Livingston Parish Landfill Methane Recovery Project (Feasibility Study)  

SciTech Connect

The Woodside Landfill is owned by Livingston Parish, Louisiana and is operated under contract by Waste Management of Louisiana LLC. This public owner/private operator partnership is commonplace in the solid waste industry today. The landfill has been in operation since approximately 1988 and has a permitted capacity of approximately 41 million cubic yards. Based on an assumed in-place waste density of 0.94 ton per cubic yard, the landfill could have an expected design capacity of 39.3 million tons. The landfill does have an active landfill gas collection and control system (LFGCCS) in place because it meets the minimum thresholds for the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS). The initial LFGCS was installed prior to 2006 and subsequent phases were installed in 2007 and 2010. The Parish received a grant from the United States Department of Energy in 2009 to evaluate the potential for landfill gas recovery and utilization at the Woodside Landfill. This includes a technical and economic feasibility study of a project to install a landfill gas to energy (LFGTE) plant and to compare alternative technologies. The LFGTE plant can take the form of on-site electrical generation, a direct use/medium Btu option, or a high-Btu upgrade technology. The technical evaluation in Section 2 of this report concludes that landfill gas from the Woodside landfill is suitable for recovery and utilization. The financial evaluations in sections 3, 4, and 5 of this report provide financial estimates of the returns for various utilization technologies. The report concludes that the most economically viable project is the Electricity Generation option, subject to the Parishs ability and willingness to allocate adequate cash for initial capital and/or to obtain debt financing. However, even this option does not present a solid return: by our estimates, there is a 19 year simple payback on the electricity generation option. All of the energy recovery options discussed in this report economically stressed. The primary reason for this is the recent fundamental shift in the US energy landscape. Abundant supplies of natural gas have put downward pressure on any project that displaces natural gas or natural gas substitutes. Moreover, this shift appears long-term as domestic supplies for natural gas may have been increased for several hundred years. While electricity prices are less affected by natural gas prices than other thermal projects, they are still significantly affected since much of the power in the Entergy cost structure is driven by natural gas-fired generation. Consequently, rates reimbursed by the power company based on their avoided cost structure also face downward pressure over the near and intermediate term. In addition, there has been decreasing emphasis on environmental concerns regarding the production of thermal energy, and as a result both the voluntary and mandatory markets that drive green attribute prices have softened significantly over the past couple of years. Please note that energy markets are constantly changing due to fundamental supply and demand forces, as well as from external forces such as regulations and environmental concerns. At any point in the future, the outlook for energy prices may change and could deem either the electricity generation or pipeline injection project more feasible. This report is intended to serve as the primary background document for subsequent decisions made at Parish staff and governing board levels.

White, Steven

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

Microsoft Word - Final TTR Landfill Extension EA--December 2006...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

continue until the landfill is closed. Once the landfill reaches capacity, sources of air pollution associated with the landfill would no longer be present. Waste transport...

272

Landfill Cover Revegetation at the Rocky Flats Environmental...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Landfill Cover Revegetation at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Landfill Cover Revegetation at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Landfill Cover...

273

HMDC Kingsland Landfill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HMDC Kingsland Landfill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name HMDC Kingsland Landfill Biomass Facility Facility HMDC Kingsland Landfill Sector Biomass Facility Type...

274

Risk assessment of gaseous emissions from municipal solid waste landfill: case study Rafah landfill, Palestine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article describes the risk assessment of gaseous emissions from the municipal solid waste at Rafah landfill, Palestine. In this study, Gas-Sim model was used to quantify the gaseous emissions from the landfill and the Land-Gem model was used to verify the results. Risk assessment of both carcinogens and non-carcinogens were performed. Two scenarios were conducted namely with plant uptake and without plant uptake. The scenario with plant uptake revealed that the risk to residents is acceptable for non-carcinogens (risk value 0.45 > 1.0), while the risk to residents is not acceptable for carcinogens (risk value 2.69 10?6 risk to residents is acceptable for non-carcinogens (risk value 0.42 > 1.0), while the risk to residents is acceptable for carcinogens (risk value 2.855 10?7 > 10?6).

Ahmad A. Foul; Mazen Abualtayef; Basel Qrenawi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

The Venezuelan natural gas industry  

SciTech Connect

Venezuela's consumption energy of comes from three primary sources: hydroelectricity, liquid hydrocarbons and natural gas. In 1986, the energy consumption in the internal market was 95.5 thousand cubic meters per day of oil equivalent, of which 32% was natural gas, 46% liquid hydrocarbons and 22% hydroelectricity. The Venezuelan energy policy established natural gas usage after hydroelectricity, as a substitute of liquid hydrocarbons, in order to increase exports of these. This policy permits a solid development of the natural gas industry, which is covered in this paper.

Silva, P.V.; Hernandez, N.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Risk assessment of landfill disposal sites - State of the art  

SciTech Connect

A risk assessment process can assist in drawing a cost-effective compromise between economic and environmental costs, thereby assuring that the philosophy of 'sustainable development' is adhered to. Nowadays risk analysis is in wide use to effectively manage environmental issues. Risk assessment is also applied to other subjects including health and safety, food, finance, ecology and epidemiology. The literature review of environmental risk assessments in general and risk assessment approaches particularly regarding landfill disposal sites undertaken by the authors, reveals that an integrated risk assessment methodology for landfill gas, leachate or degraded waste does not exist. A range of knowledge gaps is discovered in the literature reviewed to date. From the perspective of landfill leachate, this paper identifies the extent to which various risk analysis aspects are absent in the existing approaches.

Butt, Talib E. [Sustainability Centre in Glasgow (SCG), George Moore Building, 70 Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow G4 0BA, Scotland (United Kingdom)], E-mail: t_e_butt@hotmail.com; Lockley, Elaine [Be Environmental Ltd. Suite 213, Lomeshaye Business Village, Turner Road, Nelson, Lancashire, BB9 7DR, England (United Kingdom); Oduyemi, Kehinde O.K. [Built and Natural Environment, Baxter Building, University of Abertay Dundee, Bell Street, Dundee DD1 1HG, Scotland (United Kingdom)], E-mail: k.oduyemi@abertay.ac.uk

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

LANDFILL OPERATION FOR CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND MAXIMUM METHANE EMISSION CONTROL  

SciTech Connect

The work described in this report, to demonstrate and advance this technology, has used two demonstration-scale cells of size (8000 metric tons [tonnes]), sufficient to replicate many heat and compaction characteristics of larger ''full-scale'' landfills. An enhanced demonstration cell has received moisture supplementation to field capacity. This is the maximum moisture waste can hold while still limiting liquid drainage rate to minimal and safely manageable levels. The enhanced landfill module was compared to a parallel control landfill module receiving no moisture additions. Gas recovery has continued for a period of over 4 years. It is quite encouraging that the enhanced cell methane recovery has been close to 10-fold that experienced with conventional landfills. This is the highest methane recovery rate per unit waste, and thus progress toward stabilization, documented anywhere for such a large waste mass. This high recovery rate is attributed to moisture, and elevated temperature attained inexpensively during startup. Economic analyses performed under Phase I of this NETL contract indicate ''greenhouse cost effectiveness'' to be excellent. Other benefits include substantial waste volume loss (over 30%) which translates to extended landfill life. Other environmental benefits include rapidly improved quality and stabilization (lowered pollutant levels) in liquid leachate which drains from the waste.

Don Augenstein

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Lessons Learned: Pangue Hydroelectric | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lessons Learned: Pangue Hydroelectric Lessons Learned: Pangue Hydroelectric Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Lessons Learned: Pangue Hydroelectric Agency/Company /Organization: International Finance Corporation Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Hydro Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.ifc.org/ifcext/sustainability.nsf/AttachmentsByTitle/p_pangue_summ Country: Chile UN Region: Latin America and the Caribbean Coordinates: -35.675147°, -71.542969° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-35.675147,"lon":-71.542969,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

279

I 95 Municipal Landfill Phase I Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Municipal Landfill Phase I Biomass Facility Municipal Landfill Phase I Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name I 95 Municipal Landfill Phase I Biomass Facility Facility I 95 Municipal Landfill Phase I Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Fairfax County, Virginia Coordinates 38.9085472°, -77.2405153° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.9085472,"lon":-77.2405153,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

280

Environmental Impacts of Landfill Bioreactorcells in Comparison to Former Landfill Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Former and present landfill techniques at the Filbornaplant in Helsingborg, South ... the waste residue. The results showthat optimised landfill bioreactor-cells have a higherturn-over rate...

Michael Binder; Torleif Bramryd

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Recirculation of municipal landfill leachate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RECIRCULATION OF MUNICIPAL LANDFILL LEACHATE A Thesis by BRIAN JUDE PINKO4ISKI Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1987 Major Subject...: Civil Engineering RECIRCULATION OF MUNICIPAL LANDFILL LEACHATE A Thesis by BRIAN JUDE PINKOWSKI Approved as to style and content by: Charles P. Giammona (Chair of Committee) Roy . Harm, (Member) Kirk W. Brown (Member) Donald A. Maxwel...

Pinkowski, Brian Jude

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

282

Alternative Fuels Data Center: DeKalb County Turns Trash to Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

reductions Related Links Natural Gas Fuel Basics Natural Gas Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions Landfills Convert Biogas into RNG (video) DeKalb County Clean Cities Georgia...

283

Microsoft Word - DOE QER meeting on Gas-Electric interdependency...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

purchase agreements with coal and lignite fired generation plants, as well as a hydroelectric facility. Brazos, as well as ERCOT, is heavily dependent upon natural gas for...

284

Environmental factors influencing methanogenesis from refuse in landfill samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Environmental factors influencing methanogenesis from refuse in landfill samples ... Biodegradability of Municipal Solid Waste Components in Laboratory-Scale Landfills ...

K. Rao Gurijala; Joseph M. Suflita

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Final Guidance for EPAct 2005 Section 242 Hydroelectric Incentive Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document contains the Final Guidance for the EPAct 2005 Section 242 Hydroelectric Incentive Program. Applications are due February 20, 2015.

286

Lost films chronicle dawn of hydroelectric power in the Northwest  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lost-films-chronicle-dawn-of-hydroelectric-power-in-the-Northwest Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects &...

287

Electromagnetic Analysis of Rotating Permanent Magnet Exciters for Hydroelectric Generators.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this project is to analyse different design possibilities for a rotating permanent magnet exciter for a hydroelectric generator. This is done through (more)

Nland, Jonas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Asia Power Leibo Hydroelectricity Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sichuan Province, China Sector: Hydro Product: China-based developer and operator of small hydro plants. References: Asia Power (Leibo) Hydroelectricity Co Ltd1 This article...

289

An assessment of remediation measures and effects on groundwater quality at the Oneida County Sanitary Landfill  

SciTech Connect

The Oneida County Sanitary Landfill has operated from 1979 to the present. The four existing landfill cells were constructed based on standards that existed at their time of development from 1979 to 1995. The landfill was initially permitted as a natural attenuation landfill with a silt soil base liner and top cover. Groundwater sampling at the site showed that many constituents exceeded Wisconsin Administrative Code Chapter NR 140 (NR 140) standards throughout the 1980s. Measures that were implemented to remediate landfill impacts on groundwater quality included installation of a leachate/gas extraction system in 1990 and construction of a composite final cover over completed cells in 1994. In 1994, an Environmental Contamination Assessment (ECA) was conducted in accordance with NR 140 to evaluate landfill performance, groundwater quality trends, and future monitoring/remediation measures. Since implementation of the gas/leachate extraction system, there has been a reduction in detected volatile organic compounds in leachate, gas, gas condensate, and groundwater quality samples. Continued monitoring is necessary to evaluate remediation measures.

McGuire, P.; Otterson, S. [Rust Environment & Infrastructure, Sheboygan, WI (United States); Welhouse, G. [Environmental Compliance Consultants, Oshkosh, WI (United States)] [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

290

The hydroelectric problem of porous rocks: thermodynamic approach and introduction of a percolation threshold  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Research Notes The hydroelectric problem of porous rocks: thermodynamic...layer. In this note, I take the hydroelectric problem back to its thermodynamic roots by showing how the hydroelectric equations can be derived from the......

Andr Revil

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Municipal Solid WasteMunicipal Solid Waste Landfills In CitiesLandfills In Cities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Municipal Solid WasteMunicipal Solid Waste Landfills In CitiesLandfills In Cities ArunArun PurandarePurandare Eco Designs India Pvt. Ltd.Eco Designs India Pvt. Ltd. #12;What is a Landfill? A sanitary landfill refers to an engineered facility for the disposal of MSW designed and operated

Columbia University

292

Municipal Solid Waste Landfills The following Oklahoma landfills currently accept dead livestock. As each facility has different guidelines and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Municipal Solid Waste Landfills The following Oklahoma landfills currently accept dead livestock Adair Cherokee Nation Landfill 918-696-5342 Canadian OEMA Landfill 405-262-0161 Call ahead Carter Southern Okla. Regional Disposal Landfill 580-226-1276 Comanche City of Lawton Landfill 580

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

293

T2LBM Version 1.0: Landfill bioreactor model for TOUGH2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7 2. LANDFILL BIODEGRADATIONof methanogenic activities in a landfill bioreactor treatingmethane production from landfill bioreactor, J. Env. Eng. ,

Oldenburg, Curtis M.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

GRADUATE RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES IN APPLIED SCIENCE Effects of Hydroelectric Operations in Canadian Aquatic Ecosystems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GRADUATE RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES IN APPLIED SCIENCE Effects of Hydroelectric Operations in Canadian with Fisheries and Oceans Canada (6 scientists) and 3 major hydroelectric companies (Nalcor, Manitoba Hydro

Cooke, Steven J.

295

Cleanup Agreed on for Niagara Landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cleanup Agreed on for Niagara Landfill ... The U.S., New York state, and Occidental Chemical finally have reached agreement on how to clean up toxic liquid wastes at the Hyde Park landfill in Niagara, N.Y. ... The cleanup program is a multifaceted scheme designed to remove and destroy the most concentrated of the hazardous liquids buried in the landfill. ...

LOIS EMBER

1985-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

296

New instruments for measuring landfill gases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New instruments for measuring landfill gases ... The legislation mandates that landfill operators monitor more than 1200 active sites for specific pollution products. ... According to Varian, the instrumentation systems can be adapted easily to meet landfill testing requirements that might be enacted in states other than California. ...

RUDY BAUM

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Nitrous Oxide Emissions from a Municipal Landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nitrous Oxide Emissions from a Municipal Landfill ... Due to the small area of landfills as compared to other land-use classes, the total N2O emissions from landfills are estimated to be of minor importance for the total emissions from Finland. ...

Janne Rinne; Mari Pihlatie; Annalea Lohila; Tea Thum; Mika Aurela; Juha-Pekka Tuovinen; Tuomas Laurila; Timo Vesala

2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

298

Forced response analysis of hydroelectric systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At off-design operating points, Francis turbines develop cavitation vortex rope in the draft tube which may interact with the hydraulic system. Risk resonance assessment by means of eigenmodes computation of the system is usually performed. However, the system response to the excitation source induced by the cavitation vortex rope is not predicted in terms of amplitudes and phase. Only eigenmodes shapes with related frequencies and dampings can be predicted. Besides this modal analysis, the risk resonance assessment can be completed by a forced response analysis. This method allows identifying the contribution of each eigenmode into the system response which depends on the system boundary conditions and the excitation source location. In this paper, a forced response analysis of a Francis turbine hydroelectric power plant including hydraulic system, rotating train, electrical system and control devices is performed. First, the general methodology of the forced response analysis is presented and validated with time domain simulations. Then, analysis of electrical, hydraulic and hydroelectric systems are performed and compared to analyse the influence of control structures on pressure fluctuations induced by cavitation vortex rope.

S Allign; P C O Silva; A Bguin; B Kawkabani; P Allenbach; C Nicolet; F Avellan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Methane Emissions  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

credit for renewable energy, including waste-to-energy and landfill gas combustion. Wastewater treatment, including both domestic wastewater (about two-thirds) and industrial...

300

Performance evaluation of synthetically lined landfills  

SciTech Connect

Landfill design and performance standards for new facilities frequently require the use of geomembrane composite and double liners. Performance data from synthetically lined landfill sites have not been widely available. This report presents data obtained by monitoring three recently constructed synthetically lined landfill sites. Quantities of leachate removed by the primary and secondary collection systems from these landfills were tabulated. The data show that properly designed and constructed synthetic landfill liners provide effective containment of leachate. The environmental protection provided by synthetic liners is equivalent or superior to that of typical clay-lined facilities.

Maule, J. [Champion International Corp., Norway, MI (United States); Lowe, R.K. [STS Consultants Ltd., Green Bay, WI (United States); McCulloch, J.L. [Cross Pointe Paper Co., Park Falls, WI (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Fluxes of methane between landfills and the atmosphere: Natural and engineered controls  

SciTech Connect

Field measurement of landfill methane emissions indicates natural variability spanning more than 2 seven orders of magnitude, from approximately 0.0004 to more than 4000 g m{sub -2} day{sup -1}. This wide range reflects net emissions resulting from production (methanogenesis), consumption (methanotrophic oxidation), and gaseous transport processes. The determination of an {open_quotes}average{close_quotes} emission rate for a given field site requires sampling designs and statistical techniques which consider spatial and temporal variability. Moreover, particularly at sites with pumped gas recovery systems, it is possible for methanotrophic microorganisms in aerated cover soils to oxidize all of the methane from landfill sources below and, additionally, to oxidize methane diffusing into cover soils from atmospheric sources above. In such cases, a reversed soil gas concentration gradient is observed in shallow cover soils, indicating bidirectional diffusional transport to the depth of optimum methane oxidation. Rates of landfill methane oxidation from field and laboratory incubation studies range up to 166 g m{sup -2} day{sup -1} among the highest for any natural setting, providing an effective natural control on net emissions. Estimates of worldwide landfill methane emissions to the atmosphere have ranged from 9 to 70 Tg yr{sup -1}, differing mainly in assumed methane yields from estimated quantities of landfilled refuse. At highly controlled landfill sites in developed countries, landfill methane is often collected via vertical wells or horizontal collectors. Recovery of landfill methane through engineered systems can provide both environmental and energy benefits by mitigating subsurface migration, reducing surface emissions, and providing an alternative energy resource for industrial boiler use, on-site electrical generation, or upgrading to a substitute natural gas.

Bogner, J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Meadows, M. [ETSU, Harwell, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Czepiel, P. [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

FAQs for Survey Forms EIA-861  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(CHP), Landfill Gas, Biomass, Geothermal Electric, Fuel Cells, Municipal Solid Waste, Biogas, Small Hydroelectric, Tidal Energy, Wave Energy, and Ocean Thermal, but should be...

303

FAQs for Survey Forms EIA-826  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(CHP), Landfill Gas, Biomass, Geothermal Electric, Fuel Cells, Municipal Solid Waste, Biogas, Small Hydroelectric, Tidal Energy, Wave Energy, and Ocean Thermal, but should be...

304

Short Mountain Landfill gas recovery project  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), a Federal power marketing agency, has statutory responsibilities to supply electrical power to its utility, industrial, and other customers in the Pacific Northwest. BPA's latest load/resource balance forecast, projects the capability of existing resources to satisfy projected Federal system loads. The forecast indicates a potential resource deficit. The underlying need for action is to satisfy BPA customers' demand for electrical power.

Not Available

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Landfill Gas Fueled HCCI Demonstration System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coupled to an induction generator, this HCCI genset allowspowered by the induction generator acting as a motor. OnceGenerator Size Weight Specification 6 (In-line) 6.6 L 21 Quart Air-Liquid (DEAC) 1.5 ATM 1800 RPM 35 kW Induction

Blizman, Brandon J.; Makel, Darby B.; Mack, John Hunter; Dibble, Robert W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Landfill Gas Fueled HCCI Demonstration System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

chemical- kinetic model of propane HCCI combustion, SAEof a four-cylinder 1.9 l propane- fueled homogeneous chargethe fuel line can use propane from a tank and NG from the

Blizman, Brandon J.; Makel, Darby B.; Mack, John Hunter; Dibble, Robert W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

"1. Robert Moses Niagara","Hydroelectric","New York Power Authority",2353  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

York" York" "1. Robert Moses Niagara","Hydroelectric","New York Power Authority",2353 "2. Ravenswood","Gas","TC Ravenswood LLC",2330 "3. Nine Mile Point Nuclear Station","Nuclear","Nine Mile Point Nuclear Sta LLC",1773 "4. Oswego Harbor Power","Petroleum","NRG Oswego Harbor Power Operations Inc",1648 "5. Northport","Gas","National Grid Generation LLC",1569 "6. Astoria Generating Station","Gas","U S Power Generating Company LLC",1315 "7. Roseton Generating Station","Gas","Dynegy Northeast Gen Inc",1212 "8. Blenheim Gilboa","Pumped Storage","New York Power Authority",1160

308

Landfill reduction experience in The Netherlands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Modern waste legislation aims at resource efficiency and landfill reduction. This paper analyses more than 20years of landfill reduction in the Netherlands. The combination of landfill regulations, landfill tax and landfill bans resulted in the desired landfill reduction, but also had negative effects. A fierce competition developed over the remaining waste to be landfilled. In 2013 the Dutch landfill industry generated 40 million of annual revenue, had 58 million annual costs and therefore incurred an annual loss of 18 million. It is not an attractive option to prematurely end business. There is a risk that Dutch landfill operators will not be able to fulfil the financial obligations for closure and aftercare. Contrary to the polluter pays principle the burden may end up with society. EU regulations prohibiting export of waste for disposal are in place. Strong differentials in landfill tax rate between nations have nevertheless resulted in transboundary shipment of waste and in non-compliance with the self-sufficiency and proximity principles. During the transformation from a disposal society to a recycling society, it is important to carefully plan required capacity and to guide the reorganisation of the landfill sector. At some point, it is no longer profitable to provide landfill services. It may be necessary for public organisations or the state to take responsibility for the continued operation of a safety net in waste management. Regulations have created a financial incentive to pass on the burden of monitoring and controlling the impact of waste to future generations. To prevent this, it is necessary to revise regulations on aftercare and create incentives to actively stabilise landfills.

Heijo Scharff

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

EA-1707: Closure of Nonradioactive Dangerous Waste Landfill and Solid Waste Landfill, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the potential environmental impacts of closing the Nonradioactive Dangerous Waste Landfill and the Solid Waste Landfill. The Washington State Department of Ecology is a cooperating agency in preparing this EA.

310

Indicating landfill stabilization state by using leachate property from Laogang Refuse Landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Variation and evolution process of leachate can be applied as a reference for landfill stabilization phase. In this work, leachates ... with different ages were collected from Laogang Refuse Landfill, and charact...

Ziyang Lou; Xiaoli Chai; Youcai Zhao

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Unusual Condition Mining for Risk Management of Hydroelectric Power Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Kyushu Electric Power Co.,Inc. collects different sensor data and weather information to maintain the safety of hydroelectric power plants while the plants are running. In this paper, we consider that the abnormal condition sign may be unusual condition. ...

Takashi Onoda; Norihiko Ito; Hironobu Yamasaki

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Health and environmental impacts of the hydroelectric fuel cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The impacts on health and the environment and the associated damage costs caused by the hydroelectric fuel cycle are assessed in this paper. To this purpose, a large hydroelectric project along the Nestos river in northern Greece has been selected as an example. A large number of impacts have been identified. Occupational accidents, impacts on agriculture and forests, noise produced during the operation of the plant, impacts on biodiversity due to the physical presence of the dams, and alterations to the local water balance are the most important of them. The results of the analysis show that the major contributors to the damage cost of the hydroelectric fuel cycle are impacts on biodiversity and fatal occupational accidents, especially those that occur during the construction phase of the project. Nonetheless hydroelectricity is an environmentally-friendly energy source that exhibits lower damage values compared to other electricity generating technologies.

I.G. Kollas; S. Mirasgedis

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Electrochemical treatment of landfill leachate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrochemical methods can offer an elegant contribution towards environmental control as electrons provide a means of removing pollutants by redox reactions. In the process of electrochemical oxidation the main aim has been to convert oxidisable species into carbon dioxide. Leachate originating in landfills is complex wastewater that could exert high environmental impact. This study aims to treat the landfill leachate in order to meet the inland disposal standards. The removal of pollutants was studied with different anode materials in electrochemical process. The treatment of leachate by electrochemical oxidation was carried out in a batch electrolytic parallel plate reactor. The electrochemical process was carried out separately with stainless steel as cathode and anode materials aluminium and titanium/platinum electrodes. The effects of the operating factors such as current density, reaction time, chloride ion concentration, additional electrolyte such as sulphuric acid that influence the removal of pollutant from leachate electrochemically were studied.

C. Ramprasad; A. Navaneetha Gopalakrishnan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

DOE/EIS-0456 CUSHMAN HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT MASON COUNTY, WASHINGTON  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 CUSHMAN HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT MASON COUNTY, WASHINGTON (FERC PROJECT NO. 460) FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT (FERC/EIS-0095F, ADOPTED AS DOE/EIS-0456) US Department of Energy OCTOBER 2010 Lead Agency: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Title: Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) for the Cushman Hydroelectric Project, Mason County, Washington (Adopted) Contact: For additional copies or more information on this final environmental impact statement (EIS), please

315

Long-term behavior of municipal solid waste landfills  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method is presented to predict the long-term behavior of element concentrations (non-metals and metals) in the leachate of a municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill. It is based on water flux and concentration measurements in leachates over one year, analysis of drilled cores from MSW landfills and leaching experiments with these samples. A mathematical model is developed to predict the further evolution of annual flux-weighted mean element concentrations in leachates after the intensive reactor phase, i.e. after the gas production has dropped to a very low level. The results show that the organic components are the most important substances to control until the leachate is compatible with the environment. This state of low emissions, the so-called final storage quality, will take many centuries to be achieved in a moderate climate.

H. Belevi; P. Baccini

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Gravity data as a tool for landfill study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper shows the potential of gravity data to map a buried landfill bottom topography. To this end, a ... gravity inversion method is presented for estimating the landfills bottom depths at discrete points a...

Joo B. C. Silva; Wlamir A. Teixeira; Valria C. F. Barbosa

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Acute and Genetic Toxicity of Municipal Landfill Leachate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills have been found to contain many of the same hazardous constituents as found in hazardous waste landfills. Because of the large number of MSW landfills, these sites pose a serious environmental threat...

Brown, K.W.; Schrab, G.E.; Donnelly, K.C.

318

Cost assessment of efficiency losses in hydroelectric plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Some important real-time tasks of the independent system operator (ISO) are the monitoring and control of power system events (load deviations and contingencies). These events are usually managed by the ISO using operating reserve ancillary services. These services represent an additional capacity (MW) available in generators and some interruptible loads. Generators must change their operating points in order that this capacity can remain available. These changes might lead to efficiency losses in energy production. In systems with a high percentage of hydroelectric production, hydroelectric plants need to know the impact of ancillary services on their profits. This work therefore analyzes the cost of efficiency losses due to operating reserve availability in hydroelectric generators. A method to calculate this cost component is proposed using a unit commitment dispatch for a single hydroelectric plant. This dispatch is performed without considering the operating reserve availability and is compared with the traditional dispatch, which takes into account the availability of operating reserve. The proposal is used to calculate the cost of efficiency losses on a Brazilian hydroelectric generator. We found that the cost of efficiency losses can be considerable when compared to the incomes of a hydroelectric plant in the short-term market.

J.C. Galvis; A. Padilha-Feltrin; J.M. Yusta Loyo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Bioreactor Landfill Research and Demonstration Project Northern Oaks Landfill, Harrison, MI  

SciTech Connect

A bioreactor landfill cell with 1.2-acre footprint was constructed, filled, operated, and monitored at Northern Oaks Recycling and Disposal Facility (NORDF) at Harrison, MI. With a filled volume of 74,239 cubic yards, the cell contained approximately 35,317 tons of municipal solid waste (MSW) and 20,777 tons of cover soil. It was laid on the slope of an existing cell but separated by a geosynthetic membrane liner. After the cell reached a design height of 60 feet, it was covered with a geosynthetic membrane cap. A three-dimensional monitoring system to collect data at 48 different locations was designed and installed during the construction phase of the bioreactor cell. Each location had a cluster of monitoring devices consisting of a probe to monitor moisture and temperature, a leachate collection basin, and a gas sampling port. An increase in moisture content of the MSW in the bioreactor cell was achieved by pumping leachate collected on-site from various other cells, as well as recirculation of leachate from the bioreactor landfill cell itself. Three types of leachate injection systems were evaluated in this bioreactor cell for their efficacy to distribute pumped leachate uniformly: a leachate injection pipe buried in a 6-ft wide horizontal stone mound, a 15-ft wide geocomposite drainage layer, and a 60-ft wide geocomposite drainage layer. All leachate injection systems were installed on top of the compacted waste surface. The distribution of water and resulting MSW moisture content throughout the bioreactor cell was found to be similar for the three designs. Water coming into and leaving the cell (leachate pumped in, precipitation, snow, evaporation, and collected leachate) was monitored in order to carry out a water balance. Using a leachate injection rate of 26 30 gal/yard3, the average moisture content increased from 25% to 35% (wet based) over the period of this study. One of the key aspects of this bioreactor landfill study was to evaluate bioreactor start up and performance in locations with colder climate. For lifts filled during the summer months, methane generation started within three months after completion of the lift. For lifts filled in winter months, very little methane production occurred even eight months after filling. The temperature data indicated that subzero or slightly above zero (oC) temperatures persisted for unusually long periods (more than six months) in the lifts filled during winter months. This was likely due to the high thermal insulation capability of the MSW and the low level of biological activity during start up. This observation indicates that bioreactor landfills located in cold climate and filled during winter months may require mechanisms to increase temperature and initiate biodegradation. Thus, besides moisture, temperature may be the next important factor controlling the biological decomposition in anaerobic bioreactor landfills. Spatial and temporal characterization of leachate samples indicated the presence of low levels of commonly used volatile organic compounds (including acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and toluene) and metals (including arsenic, chromium, and zinc). Changes and leachate and gaseous sample characteristics correlated with enhanced biological activity and increase in temperature. Continued monitoring of this bioreactor landfill cell is expected to yield critical data needed for start up, design, and operation of this emerging process.

Zhao, Xiando; Voice, Thomas; and Hashsham, Syed A.

2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

320

Hydrogeological studies on the mechanical behavior of landfill gases and leachate of the Nanjido Landfill in Seoul, Korea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

?The Nanjido Landfill is the largest uncontrolled landfill in Korea and it causes various kinds of environmental problems. Landfill gases and leachate are recognized as the most serious environmental problems ass...

K. K. Lee; Y. Y. Kim; H. W. Chang; S. Y. Chung

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Hoopa Valley Small Scale Hydroelectric Feasibility Project  

SciTech Connect

This study considered assessing the feasibility of developing small scale hydro-electric power from seven major tributaries within the Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation of Northern California (http://www.hoopa-nsn.gov/). This study pursued the assessment of seven major tributaries of the Reservation that flow into the Trinity River. The feasibility of hydropower on the Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation has real potential for development and many alternative options for project locations, designs, operations and financing. In order to realize this opportunity further will require at least 2-3 years of intense data collection focusing on stream flow measurements at multiple locations in order to quantify real power potential. This also includes on the ground stream gradient surveys, road access planning and grid connectivity to PG&E for sale of electricity. Imperative to this effort is the need for negotiations between the Hoopa Tribal Council and PG&E to take place in order to finalize the power rate the Tribe will receive through any wholesale agreement that utilizes the alternative energy generated on the Reservation.

Curtis Miller

2009-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

322

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- West Lake Landfill - MO...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Lake Landfill - MO 05 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: West Lake Landfill (MO.05) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition:...

323

Monitoring the Performance of an Alternative Landfill Cover at...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Monitoring the Performance of an Alternative Landfill Cover at the Monticello, Utah, Uranium Mill Tailings Disposal Site Monitoring the Performance of an Alternative Landfill Cover...

324

CHP and Bioenergy Systems for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Systems for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants CHP and Bioenergy Systems for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants There are important issues to consider when selecting...

325

CHP and Bioenergy for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants: Market Opportunities CHP and Bioenergy for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants: Market Opportunities This document explores...

326

Models for Hydrologic Design of Evapotranspiration Landfill Covers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Models for Hydrologic Design of Evapotranspiration Landfill Covers ... The focus of the HELP model is on the man-made features of landfills. ...

Victor L. Hauser; Dianna M. Gimon; James V. Bonta; Terry A. Howell; Robert W. Malone; Jimmy R. Williams

2005-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

327

Briefing: DOE EM Landfill Workshop & Path Forward | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Landfill Workshop & Path Forward Briefing: DOE EM Landfill Workshop & Path Forward By: Office of Groundwater and Soil Remediation Where: SSAB Teleconference 2 Subject: DOE EM...

328

Briefing: Summary and Recommendations of EM Landfill Workshop...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Briefing: Summary and Recommendations of EM Landfill Workshop Briefing: Summary and Recommendations of EM Landfill Workshop The briefing is an independent technical review report...

329

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Woburn Landfill - MA 07  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Woburn Landfill - MA 07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Woburn Landfill (MA.07) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name:...

330

Leaching of cadmium from pigmented plastics in a landfill site  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Leaching of cadmium from pigmented plastics in a landfill site ... Plastics ending up in soil or landfill environment will eventually be degraded. ...

David C. Wilson; Peter J. Young; Brinley C. Hudson; Grant. Baldwin

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Data Summary of Municipal Solid Waste Management Alternatives. Volume VIII: Appendix F - Landfills  

SciTech Connect

While the preceding appendices have focused on the thermochemical approaches to managing municipal solid waste (MSW), this appendix and those that follow on composting and anaerobic digestion address more of the bioconversion process technologies. Landfilling is the historical baseline MSW management option central to every community's solid waste management plan. It generally encompasses shredfills, balefills, landfill gas recovery, and landfill mining. While landfilling is virtually universal in use, it continues to undergo intense scrutiny by the public and regulators alike. Most recently, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued its final rule on criteria for designing, operating, monitoring, and closing municipal solid waste landfills. While the Federal government has established nationwide standards and will assist the States in planning and developing their own practices, the States and local governments will carry out the actual planning and direct implementation. The States will also be authorized to devise programs to deal with their specific conditions and needs. While the main body of this appendix and corresponding research was originally prepared in July of 1991, references to the new RCRA Subtitle D, Part 258 EPA regulations have been included in this resubmission (908). By virtue of timing, this appendix is, necessarily, a transition'' document, combining basic landfill design and operation information as well as reference to new regulatory requirements. Given the speed with which landfill practices are and will be changing, the reader is encouraged to refer to Part 258 for additional details. As States set additional requirements and schedules and owners and operators of MSW landfills seek to comply, additional guidance and technical information, including case studies, will likely become available in the literature.

None

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Data summary of municipal solid waste management alternatives. Volume 8, Appendix F, Landfills  

SciTech Connect

While the preceding appendices have focused on the thermochemical approaches to managing municipal solid waste (MSW), this appendix and those that follow on composting and anaerobic digestion address more of the bioconversion process technologies. Landfilling is the historical baseline MSW management option central to every community`s solid waste management plan. It generally encompasses shredfills, balefills, landfill gas recovery, and landfill mining. While landfilling is virtually universal in use, it continues to undergo intense scrutiny by the public and regulators alike. Most recently, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued its final rule on criteria for designing, operating, monitoring, and closing municipal solid waste landfills. While the Federal government has established nationwide standards and will assist the States in planning and developing their own practices, the States and local governments will carry out the actual planning and direct implementation. The States will also be authorized to devise programs to deal with their specific conditions and needs. While the main body of this appendix and corresponding research was originally prepared in July of 1991, references to the new RCRA Subtitle D, Part 258 EPA regulations have been included in this resubmission (908). By virtue of timing, this appendix is, necessarily, a ``transition`` document, combining basic landfill design and operation information as well as reference to new regulatory requirements. Given the speed with which landfill practices are and will be changing, the reader is encouraged to refer to Part 258 for additional details. As States set additional requirements and schedules and owners and operators of MSW landfills seek to comply, additional guidance and technical information, including case studies, will likely become available in the literature.

none,

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

State bans dumping of chemicals in landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

State bans dumping of chemicals in landfill ... California governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. has begun a program aimed at eliminating most hazardous-waste chemicals from landfills in that statea goal that will be difficult and costly to achieve. ...

1981-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

334

The hydroelectric problem of porous rocks: inversion of the position of the water table from self-potential data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Potential Field and Applied Geophysics The hydroelectric problem of porous rocks: inversion...Green's functions for the coupled hydroelectric problem yields an integral equation...water flow through the electrokinetic (hydroelectric) coupling (e.g. Jouniaux et al......

A. Revil; V. Naudet; J. D. Meunier

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

The dependence of the methylation of mercury on the landfill stabilization process and implications for the landfill management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Mercury species and other chemical characteristics of the leachate from anaerobic and semi-aerobic landfills were analyzed to investigate the factors that control mercury methylation during the landfill stabilization process. At the early landfill stage, the total mercury (THg) and the monomethyl mercury (MMHg) released rapidly and significantly, the \\{THg\\} concentration of the semi-aerobic landfill leachate was obviously higher than that of the anaerobic landfill leachate, while compared with the semi-aerobic landfill, the \\{MMHg\\} concentration in the anaerobic landfill was higher. As the landfill time increased, both of \\{THg\\} and \\{MMHg\\} concentration decreased quickly, the \\{THg\\} concentration in the anaerobic landfill was much higher than that in semi-aerobic landfill, while the \\{MMHg\\} concentration in the anaerobic landfill was lower than that in the semi-aerobic landfill. Generally, the concentrations of dimethyl mercury (DMHg) in the anaerobic landfill leachate were slightly higher than in the semi-aerobic landfill leachate during the stabilization process. A significant positive correlation was found between the \\{DMHg\\} concentrations and the pH value in anaerobic landfill leachate, but this correlation was opposite in the semi-aerobic landfill. The oxidativereductive potential (ORP) condition was found to be the controlling factor of the methylation process during the early stage. However, the chemical characteristics, especially the TOC concentration, appeared to be the dominant factor affecting the methylation process as the landfill time increased.

Xiaoli Chai; Yongxia Hao; Zhonggen Li; Wei Zhu; Wentao Zhao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Landfill Instability and Its Implications Operation, Construction, and Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Landfill Instability and Its Implications for Operation, Construction, and Design By: W. Douglas landfill waste slide, a 300,000 cubic yard landfill failure involving a geosynthetic clay liner, and a 100,000 cubic yard landfill failure involving leachate recirculation. Other failures of lesser magnitude also

337

Bangor Hydro-Electric Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangor Hydro-Electric Co Bangor Hydro-Electric Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Bangor Hydro-Electric Co Place Maine Service Territory Maine Website www.bhe.com/ Green Button Landing Page secure.bhe.com/webPortal/ Green Button Reference Page www.bhe.com/about-us/news Green Button Implemented Yes Utility Id 1179 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes ISO NE Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 9 (General Service Rate) Commercial Commercial space heating- Single meter Commercial

338

Metal speciation in landfill leachates with a focus on the influence of organic matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fractions of leachates, a cascade filtration protocol was applied directly in the field, under a nitrogen gas atmosphere to avoid metal oxidation. The results of analyses performed on the leachates suggest mobility and natural attenuation in a context of landfill risk assessment are discussed. hal-00605888

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

339

Industrial Solid Waste Landfill Facilities (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Solid Waste Landfill Facilities (Ohio) Industrial Solid Waste Landfill Facilities (Ohio) Industrial Solid Waste Landfill Facilities (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Utility Program Info State Ohio Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Ohio Environmental Protection Agency This chapter of the law establishes that the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency provides rules and guidelines for landfills, including those that treat waste to generate electricity. The law provides information for permitting, installing, maintaining, monitoring, and closing landfills. There are no special provisions or exemptions for landfills used to generate electricity. However, the law does apply to landfills that do

340

Public health assessment for Seattle Municipal Landfill/Kent Highlands, Kent, King County, Washington, Region 10. Cerclis No. WAD980639462. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Seattle Municipal Landfill, better known as the Kent Highlands Landfill, is located in the City of Kent, approximately 14 miles south of the City of Seattle, Washington, at 23076 Military Road South. Surface water settling ponds, a leachate collection system, and gas collection system have been constructed. Only one completed pathway exists, which is the use of Midway Creek by recreationists. However, worst case scenarios were evaluated and there did not appear to be a human health threat. Two potential pathways were analyzed, for landfill gas and ground water. Again the worst case scenarios did not reveal any imminent human health threat.

Not Available

1994-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Impact of High Wind Power Penetration on Hydroelectric Unit Operations in the WWSIS  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the impact of this large amount of wind penetration on hydroelectric unit operations. Changes in hydroelectric unit operating patterns are examined both for an aggregation of all hydro generators and for select individual plants.

Hodge, B.-M.; Lew, D.; Milligan, M.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Rent sharing in the Clean Development Mechanism The Case of the Tahumanu Hydroelectric Project in Bolivia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rent sharing in the Clean Development Mechanism The Case of the Tahumanu Hydroelectric Project a hydroelectric power plant instead of subsidized diesel plants in the Bolivian Pando Province. Simulations show

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

343

Impact of High Wind Power Penetration on Hydroelectric Unit Operations: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the impact of this large amount of wind penetration on hydroelectric unit operations. Changes in hydroelectric unit operating unit patterns are examined for an aggregation of all hydro generators.

Hodge, B. M.; Lew, D.; Milligan, M.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

DOE Office of Indian Energy Foundational Course: Hydroelectric  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydroelectric Hydroelectric Presented by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Course Outline What we will cover...  About the DOE Office of Indian Energy Education Initiative  Course Introduction  Resource Map & Project Scales  Technology Overview: - Siting - Costs  Successful Project Examples  Policies Relevant to Project Development  Additional Information & Resources Introduction The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs is responsible for assisting Tribes with energy planning and development, infrastructure, energy costs, and electrification of Indian lands and homes. As part of this commitment and on behalf of DOE, the Office of Indian Energy is leading education and capacity building efforts in

345

Impact of High Wind Power Penetration on Hydroelectric Unit Operations  

SciTech Connect

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) investigated the operational impacts of very high levels of variable generation penetration rates (up to 35% by energy) in the western United States. This work examines the impact of this large amount of wind penetration on hydroelectric unit operations. Changes in hydroelectric unit operating unit patterns are examined for an aggregation of all hydro generators. The cost impacts of maintaining hydro unit flexibility are assessed and compared for a number of different modes of system operation.

Hodge, B. M.; Lew, D.; Milligan, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Federal Register Notice EPAct 2005 Section 242 Hydroelectric Incentive Program: January 2015  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Federal Register Notice for the EPAct 2005 Section 242 Hydroelectric Incentive Program application period announcement: January, 2015.

347

Once more concerning the matter of energy-storage hydroelectric stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy-storage hydroelectric stations proposed by P. P. Khlopenkov can be regarded as an alternative to...

G. L. Sarukhanov

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Reverse osmosis module successfully treats landfill leachate  

SciTech Connect

By law, modern landfills are to be constructed with double liners to prevent contaminants from leaching into surface and ground water. Despite this design feature, however, both hazardous and non-hazardous compounds do leach from the waste disposed in landfills. The resulting contaminated water, or leachate, must be collected and treated. Rochem Environmental, Inc. (Houston, Texas) has developed a new membrane process, known as the Disc Tube{trademark} system, to remove a variety of contaminants from landfill leachate. 1 ref., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Hydroelectric Voltage Generation Based on Water-Filled Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydroelectric Voltage Generation Based on Water-Filled Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes ... The hydroelectric voltage generator can be expressed by the model illustrated in Figure 6a and b. ... Individual water-filled single-walled carbon nanotubes as hydroelectric power converters ...

Quanzi Yuan; Ya-Pu Zhao

2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

350

Search for non-Newtonian gravitationa gravimetric experiment in a hydroelectric lake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......gravitation-a gravimetric experiment in a hydroelectric lake G. Muller 1 W. Zurn 2 K. Lindner...gravitation-a gravimetric experiment in a hydroelectric lake G. Muller', W. Zurn2, K...are moved in dry rocks, locks and hydroelectric lakes, they often have a well-defined......

G. Mller; W. Zrn; K. Lindner; N. Rsch

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 31 JULY 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1211 Carbon emission from hydroelectric reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LETTERS PUBLISHED ONLINE: 31 JULY 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1211 Carbon emission from hydroelectric * Hydroelectric reservoirs cover an area of 3.4 ? 105 km2 and comprise about 20% of all reservoirs. In addition dioxide and methane from hydroelectric reservoirs, on the basis of data from 85 globally distributed

352

THE LOW-TEMPERATURE THRESHOLD FOR PINK SALMON EGGS IN RELATION TO A PROPOSED HYDROELECTRIC INSTALLATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE LOW-TEMPERATURE THRESHOLD FOR PINK SALMON EGGS IN RELATION TO A PROPOSED HYDROELECTRIC INSTALLATION JACK E. BAILEY' AND DALE R. EVANS' ABSTRACT A proposed hydroelectric installation in southeastern hydroelectric installation could result in temperatures as low as 4.5 0 C during spawning and initial incubation

353

RETURN TO THE RIVER -2000 Chapter 6 Hydroelectric System Development187  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RETURN TO THE RIVER - 2000 Chapter 6 Hydroelectric System Development187 Return to Table of Contents Go to Next Chapter CHAPTER 6. HYDROELECTRIC SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT: EFFECTS ON JUVENILE AND ADULT of the Hydroelectric System Development of the hydropower system in the Columbia River basin began in the late

354

FUTURE HYDROELECTRIC DEVELOPMENT SECTION 12 FISH AND WILDLIFE PROGRAM 12-1 September 13, 1995  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FUTURE HYDROELECTRIC DEVELOPMENT SECTION 12 FISH AND WILDLIFE PROGRAM 12-1 September 13, 1995 Section 12 FUTURE HYDROELECTRIC DEVELOPMENT Much of this program has focused on mitigating damage done for additional federal hydroelectric projects and to plan for new development in the basin. The Federal Energy

355

The net carbon footprint of a newly created boreal hydroelectric reservoir  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The net carbon footprint of a newly created boreal hydroelectric reservoir Cristian R. Teodoru,1 of a boreal hydroelectric reservoir (Eastmain-1 in northern Québec, Canada). This is the result of a large. Citation: Teodoru, C. R., et al. (2012), The net carbon footprint of a newly created boreal hydroelectric

Long, Bernard

356

Medial design of blades for hydroelectric turbines and ship propellers M. Rossgatterera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medial design of blades for hydroelectric turbines and ship propellers M. Rossgatterera , B. J Abstract We present a method for constructing blades of hydroelectric turbines and ship propellers based. Keywords: CAD-model, B-spline representation, hydroelectric turbine blade, propeller blade, medial axis

Jüttler, Bert

357

The Impacts of Wind Speed Trends and Long-term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Impacts of Wind Speed Trends and Long- term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric Reservoir and Long-term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric Reservoir Inflows on Wind Power in the Pacific through diversification. In hydroelectric dominated systems, like the PNW, the benefits of wind power can

Kohfeld, Karen

358

Primal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Primal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including that minimizes losses in the transmission and costs in the generation of a hydroelectric power system, formulated such perturbing parameter. Keywords-- Hydroelectric power system, Network flow, Predispatch, Primal-dual interior

Oliveira, Aurélio R. L.

359

Model-Free Based Water Level Control for Hydroelectric Power Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model-Free Based Water Level Control for Hydroelectric Power Plants Cédric JOIN Gérard ROBERT for hydroelectric run-of-the river power plants. To modulate power generation, a level trajectory is planned, the set-point is followed even in severe operating conditions. Keywords: Hydroelectric power plants

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

360

An Approximate Method to Assess the Peaking Capability of the NW Hydroelectric System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRAFT 1 An Approximate Method to Assess the Peaking Capability of the NW Hydroelectric System September 26, 2005 The best way to assess the hydroelectric system's peaking capability is to simulate its. This model simulates the operation of the major hydroelectric projects over a one-week (168 hour) period

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Pricing Hydroelectric Power Plants with/without Operational Restrictions: a Stochastic Control Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pricing Hydroelectric Power Plants with/without Operational Restrictions: a Stochastic Control of Waterloo, Waterloo ON, Canada N2L 3G1 Abstract. In this paper, we value hydroelectric power plant cash operational constraints may considerably overestimate the value of hydroelectric power plant cashflows. 1

Forsyth, Peter A.

362

CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON HYDROELECTRIC POWER G.P. Harrison(1),  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON HYDROELECTRIC POWER G.P. Harrison(1), H.W. Whittington(1) and S.W. Gundry implications for the design, operation and viability of hydroelectric power stations. This describes attempts to predict and quantify these impacts. It details a methodology for computer based modelling of hydroelectric

Harrison, Gareth

363

Waste management health risk assessment: A case study of a solid waste landfill in South Italy  

SciTech Connect

An integrated risk assessment study has been performed in an area within 5 km from a landfill that accepts non hazardous waste. The risk assessment was based on measured emissions and maximum chronic population exposure, for both children and adults, to contaminated air, some foods and soil. The toxic effects assessed were limited to the main known carcinogenic compounds emitted from landfills coming both from landfill gas torch combustion (e.g., dioxins, furans and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, PAHs) and from diffusive emissions (vinyl chloride monomer, VCM). Risk assessment has been performed both for carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic effects. Results indicate that cancer and non-cancer effects risk (hazard index, HI) are largely below the values accepted from the main international agencies (e.g., WHO, US EPA) and national legislation ( and ).

Davoli, E., E-mail: enrico.davoli@marionegri.i [Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche 'Mario Negri', Environmental Health Sciences Department, Via Giuseppe La Masa 19, 20156 Milano (Italy); Fattore, E.; Paiano, V.; Colombo, A.; Palmiotto, M. [Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche 'Mario Negri', Environmental Health Sciences Department, Via Giuseppe La Masa 19, 20156 Milano (Italy); Rossi, A.N.; Il Grande, M. [Progress S.r.l., Via Nicola A. Porpora 147, 20131 Milano (Italy); Fanelli, R. [Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche 'Mario Negri', Environmental Health Sciences Department, Via Giuseppe La Masa 19, 20156 Milano (Italy)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Geohydrology and groundwater geochemistry at a sub-arctic landfill, Fairbanks, Alaska  

SciTech Connect

The Fairbanks-North Star Borough, Alaska, landfill is located on silt, sand, and gravel deposits of the Tanana River flood plain, about 3 miles south of the city of Fairbanks water supply wells. The landfill has been in operation for about 25 years in this sub-arctic region of discontinuous permafrost. The cold climate limits biological activity within the landfill with corresponding low gas and leachate production. Chloride concentrations, specific conductance, water temperature, and earth conductivity measurements indicate a small plume of leachate flowing to the northwest from the landfill. The leachate remains near the water table as it flows northwestward toward a drainage ditch. Results of computer modeling of this local hydrologic system indicate that some of the leachate may be discharging to the ditch. Chemical data show that higher-than-background concentrations of several ions are present in the plume. However, the concentrations appear to be reduced to background levels within a short distance along the path of groundwater flow from the landfill, and thus the leachate is not expected to affect the water supply wells. 11 refs., 21 figs., 2 tabs.

Downey, J.S.; Sinton, P.O.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Potential Climate Change Impacts to the NW Hydroelectric System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page 1 Potential Climate Change Impacts to the NW Hydroelectric System NW Power and Conservation Council Symposium on Greenhouse Gases June 4, 2013 1 Source of Data · 2009 International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-4) data but prior to River Management Joint Operating Committee's (RMJOC) processing

366

EIS-0184: South Fork Tolt River Hydroelectric Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS analyzes the Seattle City Light, a Department of the City of Seattle proposal to construct a hydroelectric project with an installed capacity of 15 MW on the South Fork Tolt River near the town of Carnation located in King County in the State of Washington.

367

Landfill Leachate Treatment by Reverse Osmosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Leachate from landfill sites represents a highly polluted waste water. It containes biodegradable compounds but also inorganic salts and trace recalcitrant pollutants. The reverse osmosis process with or without ...

B. Weber; F. Holz

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Landfill Closure and Reuse of Land  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This section examines the sustainable reuse of existing landfill sites . Sustainability is examined in the context of the existing regulatory authority of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US...

Dr. Joseph J. Lifrieri Ph.D; PE; CPG

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

If current capacity were to be expanded so that all of the non-recycled municipal solid waste that is currently sent to U.S. landfills each year could instead be converted to energy, we could generate enough electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

so that we could convert our non-recycled waste to alternative energy instead of landfilling it, we-recycled waste into energy instead of landfilling it, we could reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by nearly our roads. The Power of Waste GARBAGE ENERGY REDUCES 123M TONS CO2 = 23M LESS CARS PLASTICS 5.7B

370

Reducing Open Cell Landfill Methane Emissions with a Bioactive Alternative Daily  

SciTech Connect

Methane and carbon dioxide are formed in landfills as wastes degrade. Molecule-for-molecule, methane is about 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide at trapping heat in the earth's atmosphere, and thus, it is the methane emissions from landfills that are scrutinized. For example, if emissions composed of 60% methane and 40% carbon dioxide were changed to a mix that was 40% methane and 60% carbon dioxide, a 30% reduction in the landfill's global warming potential would result. A 10% methane, 90% carbon dioxide ratio will result in a 75% reduction in global warming potential compared to the baseline. Gas collection from a closed landfill can reduce emissions, and it is sometimes combined with a biocover, an engineered system where methane oxidizing bacteria living in a medium such as compost, convert landfill methane to carbon dioxide and water. Although methane oxidizing bacteria merely convert one greenhouse gas (methane) to another (carbon dioxide), this conversion can offer significant reductions in the overall greenhouse gas contribution, or global warming potential, associated with the landfill. What has not been addressed to date is the fact that methane can also escape from a landfill when the active cell is being filled with waste. Federal regulations require that newly deposited solid waste to be covered daily with a 6 in layer of soil or an alternative daily cover (ADC), such as a canvas tarp. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of immobilizing methane oxidizing bacteria into a tarp-like matrix that could be used for alternative daily cover at open landfill cells to prevent methane emissions. A unique method of isolating methanotrophs from landfill cover soil was used to create a liquid culture of mixed methanotrophs. A variety of prospective immobilization techniques were used to affix the bacteria in a tarp-like matrix. Both gel encapsulation of methanotrophs and gels with liquid cores containing methanotrophs were readily made but prone to rapid desiccation. Bacterial adsorption onto foam padding, natural sponge, and geotextile was successful. The most important factor for success appeared to be water holding capacity. Prototype biotarps made with geotextiles plus adsorbed methane oxidizing bacteria were tested for their responses to temperature, intermittent starvation, and washing (to simulate rainfall). The prototypes were mesophilic, and methane oxidation activity remained strong after one cycle of starvation but then declined with repeated cycles. Many of the cells detached with vigorous washing, but at least 30% appeared resistant to sloughing. While laboratory landfill simulations showed that four-layer composite biotarps made with two different types of geotextile could remove up to 50% of influent methane introduced at a flux rate of 22 g m{sup -2} d{sup -1}, field experiments did not yield high activity levels. Tests revealed that there were high hour-to-hour flux variations in the field, which, together with frequent rainfall events, confounded the field testing. Overall, the findings suggest that a methanotroph embedded biotarp appears to be a feasible strategy to mitigate methane emission from landfill cells, although the performance of field-tested biotarps was not robust here. Tarps will likely be best suited for spring and summer use, although the methane oxidizer population may be able to shift and adapt to lower temperatures. The starvation cycling of the tarp may require the capacity for intermittent reinoculation of the cells, although it is also possible that a subpopulation will adapt to the cycling and become dominant. Rainfall is not expected to be a major factor, because a baseline biofilm will be present to repopulate the tarp. If strong performance can be achieved and documented, the biotarp concept could be extended to include interception of other compounds beyond methane, such as volatile aromatic hydrocarbons and chlorinated solvents.

Helene Hilger; James Oliver; Jean Bogner; David Jones

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

371

MHK Projects/Deception Pass Tidal Energy Hydroelectric Project | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Deception Pass Tidal Energy Hydroelectric Project Deception Pass Tidal Energy Hydroelectric Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.4072,"lon":-122.643,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

372

A Study of United States Hydroelectric Plant Ownership  

SciTech Connect

Ownership of United States hydroelectric plants is reviewed from several perspectives. Plant owners are grouped into six owner classes as defined by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. The numbers of plants and the corresponding total capacity associated with each owner class are enumerated. The plant owner population is also evaluated based on the number of owners in each owner class, the number of plants owned by a single owner, and the size of plants based on capacity ranges associated with each owner class. Plant numbers and corresponding total capacity associated with owner classes in each state are evaluated. Ownership by federal agencies in terms of the number of plants owned by each agency and the corresponding total capacity is enumerated. A GIS application that is publicly available on the Internet that displays hydroelectric plants on maps and provides basic information about them is described.

Douglas G Hall

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

International Energy Outlook 2000 - Hydroelectricity and Other Renewable  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The renewable energy share of total world energy consumption is expected to continue at a level of about 8 percent from 1997 through 2020, despite a projected 54-percent increase in consumption of hydroelectricity and other renewable resources. The renewable energy share of total world energy consumption is expected to continue at a level of about 8 percent from 1997 through 2020, despite a projected 54-percent increase in consumption of hydroelectricity and other renewable resources. The development of renewable energy sources is constrained in the International Energy Outlook 2000 (IEO2000) reference case projections by expectations that fossil fuel prices will remain low and, as a result, renewables will have a difficult time competing. Although energy prices rebounded in 1999 from 1998 lows, it remains unlikely that renewable energy can compete economically over the projection period. Failing a strong worldwide commitment to environmental considerations, such as the limitations and reductions of carbon emissions outlined in the Kyoto

374

Hydroelectric Developments and Engineering A Practical and Theoretical Treatise on the Development, Design, Construction, Equipment, and Operation of Hydroelectric Transmission Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... HYDROELECTRIC power plants do not call for the same attention in this country as in America ... The mountains and the forests, the streams and the waterfallsfor the generating stations of hydroelectric plants are usually away out among the beauties of natureall bring back memories of ...

STANLEY P. SMITH

1910-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

FRASER BASIN LANDFILL INVENTORY DOE FRAP 1997-19  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-term sustainability of the Fraser River Basin. Inventories of point and non-point sources of pollution from both's WASTE database, Federal Indian Band Landfill investigations, and BC Environment's Municipal Landfill

376

Wasting Time : a leisure infrastructure for mega-landfill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Landfills are consolidating into fewer, taller, and more massive singular objects in the exurban landscape.This thesis looks at one instance in Virginia, the first regional landfill in the state to accept trash from New ...

Nguyen, Elizabeth M. (Elizabeth Margaret)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Briefing: DOE EM ITR Landfill Assessment Project Lessons Learned...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Briefing: DOE EM ITR Landfill Assessment Project Lessons Learned Briefing: DOE EM ITR Landfill Assessment Project Lessons Learned By: Craig H. Benson, PhD, PE Where: EM SSAB...

378

Shawmut hydroelectric redevelopment project. Final technical and construction cost report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the major steps undertaken by the Central Maine Power Company to redevelop an old existing lowhead (19 to 23 ft) hydroelectric station and, at the same time, demonstrate the commercial viability of such a venture. The report addresses the process of site selection, preliminary conceptual design for determining economic viability, licensing and the regulatory process, final design, and project construction with the objective of presenting to the reader a technical and economical guide useful for a similar undertaking.

None

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Karnataka power sector: a case for hydroelectric power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Karnataka, a southern state in India, flanked by the rich tropical forests of the Western Ghats, has a large potential for hydroelectric power, only a third of which has been harnessed so far. Only about two decades back, this state had surplus power/energy. The state has of late been going through an acute power crisis due to the unplanned growth of industry, unmetered energy supply to the agricultural sector, large losses in transmission, distribution and inefficient utilisation of electrical energy. Stalling of some hydroelectric projects on environmental issue and delaying the completion of some due to shortage of funds have aggravated the crisis. Coal-based thermal generators are already providing 630 MW of power and more are to be installed soon. A 470 MW nuclear generating station is about to be completed. While this drive for increasing power generation is on, the sustainability of this effort from the economic and environmental view point is being seriously questioned. An alternative end-use-oriented approach to energy planning has been proposed which is described as an 'environmentally sound development pathway'. It seems unlikely, however, that this path will be followed to its end, not at least in the near future. A prudent combination of: (a) hydroelectric power generation, large and small, (b) energy conservation and end-use-oriented energy utilisation to the extent feasible, may be the most economically and environmentally suitable option for some time to come - particularly for Karnataka State.

D.P. Sen Gupta

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

1 INTRODUCTION The use of geosynthetics in modern landfills involves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 INTRODUCTION The use of geosynthetics in modern landfills involves important roles because systems for landfills typically include both geosynthetics and earthen material components, (e-established components of the landfill industry. The state of the art on the use of geosynthetics in waste containment

Zornberg, Jorge G.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Anaerobic Methane Oxidation in a Landfill-Leachate Plume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anaerobic Methane Oxidation in a Landfill-Leachate Plume E T H A N L . G R O S S M A N , * , L U I Landfill, OK, provides an excellent natural laboratory for the study of anaerobicprocessesimpactinglandfill enrichment indicated that 80-90% of the original landfill methane was oxidized over the 210-m transect. First

Grossman, Ethan L.

382

ORIGINAL PAPER The conservation value of restored landfill sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL PAPER The conservation value of restored landfill sites in the East Midlands, UK landfill sites. However, this potential largely remains unexplored. In this study, birds were counted using point sampling on nine restored landfill sites in the East Midlands region of the UK during 2007

Northampton, University of

383

LESSONS LEARNED FROM A LANDFILL SLOPE FAILURE INVOLVING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LESSONS LEARNED FROM A LANDFILL SLOPE FAILURE INVOLVING GEOSYTNTHETICS Virginia L. Wilson.L. Soderman and G.P. Raymond November 12, 1998 #12;LESSONS LEARNED FROM A LANDFILL SLOPE FAILURE INVOLVING slopes at waste containment facilities. The Geneva Landfill is located near Geneva, Ohio which

384

Aluminum Waste Reaction Indicators in a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aluminum Waste Reaction Indicators in a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Timothy D. Stark, F.ASCE1 landfills may contain aluminum from residential and commercial solid waste, industrial waste, and aluminum, may react with liquid in a landfill and cause uncontrolled temperature increases, significant changes

385

Geosynthetics in Landfills Prepared by M. Bouazza and J. Zornberg  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geosynthetics in Landfills Prepared by M. Bouazza and J. Zornberg Geosynthetics are extensively used in the design of both base and cover liner systems of landfill facilities. This includes that can be used as an infiltration/hydraulic barrier; · geopipes, which can be used in landfill

Zornberg, Jorge G.

386

Aluminum Reactions and Problems in Municipal Solid Waste Landfills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aluminum Reactions and Problems in Municipal Solid Waste Landfills G. Vincent Calder, Ph.D.1 ; and Timothy D. Stark, Ph.D., P.E., F.ASCE2 Abstract: Aluminum enters municipal solid waste MSW landfills from problematic for landfill operations by generating undesirable heat, liquid leachate, and gases

387

Review Paper/ Biogeochemical Evolution of a Landfill Leachate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review Paper/ Biogeochemical Evolution of a Landfill Leachate Plume, Norman, Oklahoma by I Abstract Leachate from municipal landfills can create groundwater contaminant plumes that may last in the configuration of redox zones downgradient from the Norman Landfill were studied for more than a decade

388

Analysis and Design of Evapotranspirative Cover for Hazardous Waste Landfill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis and Design of Evapotranspirative Cover for Hazardous Waste Landfill Jorge G. Zornberg, M, Inc. OII Superfund landfill in southern California. This cover system constitutes the first ET cover:6 427 CE Database subject headings: Evapotranspiration; Coating; Landfills; Hazardous waste; Design

Zornberg, Jorge G.

389

Agencies plan continued DOE landfill remediation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agencies plan continued DOE landfill remediation Agencies plan continued DOE landfill remediation The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Idaho Department of Environmental Quality and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency have released a planning document that specifies how DOE will continue to remediate a landfill containing hazardous and transuranic waste at DOE's Idaho Site located in eastern Idaho. The Phase 1 Remedial Design/Remedial Action Work Plan for Operable Unit 7-13/14 document was issued after the September 2008 Record of Decision (ROD) and implements the retrieval of targeted waste at the Subsurface Disposal Area (SDA) within the Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC). The SDA began receiving waste in 1952 and contains radioactive and chemical waste in approximately 35 acres of disposal pits, trenches and soil vaults.

390

Landfill stabilization focus area: Technology summary  

SciTech Connect

Landfills within the DOE Complex as of 1990 are estimated to contain 3 million cubic meters of buried waste. The DOE facilities where the waste is predominantly located are at Hanford, the Savannah River Site (SRS), the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR), the Nevada Test Site (NTS), and the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP). Landfills include buried waste, whether on pads or in trenches, sumps, ponds, pits, cribs, heaps and piles, auger holes, caissons, and sanitary landfills. Approximately half of all DOE buried waste was disposed of before 1970. Disposal regulations at that time permitted the commingling of various types of waste (i.e., transuranic, low-level radioactive, hazardous). As a result, much of the buried waste throughout the DOE Complex is presently believed to be contaminated with both hazardous and radioactive materials. DOE buried waste typically includes transuranic-contaminated radioactive waste (TRU), low-level radioactive waste (LLW), hazardous waste per 40 CFR 26 1, greater-than-class-C waste per CFR 61 55 (GTCC), mixed TRU waste, and mixed LLW. The mission of the Landfill Stabilization Focus Area is to develop, demonstrate, and deliver safer,more cost-effective and efficient technologies which satisfy DOE site needs for the remediation and management of landfills. The LSFA is structured into five technology areas to meet the landfill remediation and management needs across the DOE complex. These technology areas are: assessment, retrieval, treatment, containment, and stabilization. Technical tasks in each of these areas are reviewed.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Suitability of Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model of the US Environmental Protection Agency for the simulation of the water balance of landfill cover systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

?Cover systems are widely used to safeguard landfills and contaminated sites. The evaluation of the ... water balance is crucial for the design of landfill covers. The Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performanc...

K. Berger; S. Melchior; G. Miehlich

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Life cycle assessment (LCA) of solid waste management strategies in Tehran: landfill and composting plus landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As circumstances of operating and maintenance activities for landfilling and composting in Tehran metropolis differ from those of cities in developed countries, it was concluded to have an environmental impact co...

M. A. Abduli; Abolghasem Naghib; Mansoor Yonesi

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Full Scale Bioreactor Landfill for Carbon Sequestration and Greenhouse Emission Control  

SciTech Connect

The Yolo County Department of Planning and Public Works constructed a full-scale bioreactor landfill as a part of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Project XL program to develop innovative approaches for carbon sequestration and greenhouse emission control. The overall objective was to manage landfill solid waste for rapid waste decomposition and maximum landfill gas generation and capture for carbon sequestration and greenhouse emission control. Waste decomposition is accelerated by improving conditions for either the aerobic or anaerobic biological processes and involves circulating controlled quantities of liquid (leachate, groundwater, gray water, etc.), and, in the aerobic process, large volumes of air. The first phase of the project entailed the construction of a 12-acre module that contained a 6-acre anaerobic cell, a 3.5-acre anaerobic cell, and a 2.5-acre aerobic cell at the Yolo County Central Landfill near Davis, California. The cells were highly instrumented to monitor bioreactor performance. Liquid addition commenced in the 3.5-acre anaerobic cell and the 6-acre anaerobic cell. Construction of the 2.5-acre aerobic cell and biofilter has been completed. The current project status and preliminary monitoring results are summarized in this report.

Ramin Yazdani; Jeff Kieffer; Kathy Sananikone; Don Augenstein

2005-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

394

Energy Department Accepting Applications for a $3.6 Million Hydroelectric Production Incentive Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Department today announced an incentive program for developers adding hydroelectric power generating capabilities to existing non-powered dams throughout the United States.

395

Illuminating The Irish Free State: Nationalism, National Identity, And The Promotion Of The Shannon Hydroelectric Scheme.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation focuses on the ways in which the Shannon Hydroelectric Scheme influenced perceptions of Irishness in the fraught context of postcolonial nation building. The (more)

Sutton, McKayla Kay

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

The Nelson River hydroelectric development : a public utility investment affecting both regional and national development.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This is a study of the decision to develop hydroelectric power on the Nelson River. An historical account is given of the events leading to (more)

Cline, John Alexander

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Maximizing Gross Margin of a Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Facility Under Uncertainty in Price and Water Inflow.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The operation of a pumped storage hydroelectric facility is subject to uncertainty. This is especially true in todays energy markets. Published models to achieve optimal (more)

Ikudo, Akina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

E-Print Network 3.0 - alto hydroelectric power Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

; Renewable Energy 17 RENEWABLE RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT REPORT Summary: hydroelectric, and solar (photovoltaic and concentrated solar power) in California is more than 262,000...

399

Design and hydraulic characteristics of the hydromechanical equipment of an energy-storage hydroelectric station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. The energy-storage hydroelectric station (ESHES) can provide a 1.52-fold increase in peak capacity with a si...

P. R. Khlopenkov

1976-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

"1. Grand Coulee","Hydroelectric","U S Bureau of Reclamation",7079  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Washington" Washington" "1. Grand Coulee","Hydroelectric","U S Bureau of Reclamation",7079 "2. Chief Joseph","Hydroelectric","USCE-North Pacific Division",2456 "3. Transalta Centralia Generation","Coal","TransAlta Centralia Gen LLC",1596 "4. Rocky Reach","Hydroelectric","PUD No 1 of Chelan County",1254 "5. Columbia Generating Station","Nuclear","Energy Northwest",1097 "6. Wanapum","Hydroelectric","PUD No 2 of Grant County",1059 "7. Boundary","Hydroelectric","Seattle City of",1040 "8. Priest Rapids","Hydroelectric","PUD No 2 of Grant County",932

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Turning waste into energy beats landfilling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, not incineration. Miller and others also refer to incineration as a source of dioxins, and they're right. But let's put things in perspective. In Sweden, which has 30 incineration plants, the total amount of dioxins that the landfills throughout Ontario and Michigan release fewer dioxins than that, he needs to hire better advisers

Columbia University

402

Behavior of Engineered Nanoparticles in Landfill Leachate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This research sought to understand the behavior of engineered nanoparticles in landfill leachate by examining the interactions between nanoparticles and leachate components. The primary foci of this paper are the effects of ZnO, TiO2, and Ag nanoparticles ...

Stephanie C. Bolyard; Debra R. Reinhart; Swadeshmukul Santra

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

403

BACK-ANALYSES OF LANDFILL SLOPE FAILURES Nejan Huvaj-Sarihan Timothy D. Stark  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BACK-ANALYSES OF LANDFILL SLOPE FAILURES Nejan Huvaj-Sarihan Timothy D. Stark University strength of MSW. The back-analysis of failed waste slopes in the Gnojna Grora landfill in Poland, Istanbul Landfill in Turkey, Hiriya Landfill in Israel, and Payatas Landfill in Philippines are presented

404

Geohydrology and ground-water geochemistry at a sub-Arctic Landfill, Fairbanks, Alaska. Water resources investigation  

SciTech Connect

The Fairbanks-North Star Borough landfill is located on silt, sand, and gravel deposits of the Tanana River flood plain, about 3 miles south of the city of Fairbanks water-supply wells. The landfill has been in operation for about 25 years in this sub-arctic region of discontinuous permafrost. The cold climate limits biological activity within the landfill with corresponding low gas and leachate production. Chloride concentrations, specific conductance, water temperatures, and earth conductivity measurements indicate a small plume of leachate flowing to the northwest from the landfill. The leachate remains near the water table as it flows northwestward toward a drainage ditch. Results of computer modeling of this local hydrologic system indicate that some of the leachate may be discharging to the ditch. Chemical data show that higher-than-background concentrations of several ions are present in the plume. However, the concentrations appear to be reduced to background levels within a short distance along the path of ground-water flow from the landfill, and thus the leachate is not expected to affect the water-supply wells.

Downey, J.S.; Sinton, P.O.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Holocene versus modern catchment erosion rates at 300 MW Baspa II hydroelectric power plant (India, NW Himalaya)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Holocene versus modern catchment erosion rates at 300 MW Baspa II hydroelectric power plant (India private hydroelectric facility, located at the Baspa River which is an important left-hand tributary

Bookhagen, Bodo

406

Dam and Hydroelectric Powerplant University of Hawai`i CEE 491University of Hawai`i CEE 491  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Karun 3 Dam and Hydroelectric Powerplant University of Hawai`i ­ CEE 491University of Hawai`i ­ CEE;Location #12;Description/Background Hydroelectric dam on Karun River Help with national energy needs

Prevedouros, Panos D.

407

Real-Time Visualization of Hydroelectric Project Based on Multilayer Object-Oriented Graphics Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to realize the real-time visualization of hydroelectric project. Based on the object-oriented graphics modeling technology, we construct the three kinds of graphics models sorted by hierarchy---unit model, process model, ... Keywords: visualization, hydroelectric project, simulation, object-oriented graphics modeling technology, interaction

Yuan Huang; Xian-Jia Wang; Zhi-Xiu Cheng

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Hydroelectric power: Technology and planning. (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning hydroelectric power technology and planning. Reservoir, dam, water tunnel, and hydraulic gate design, construction, and operation are discussed. Water supply, flood control, irrigation programs, and environmental effects of hydroelectric power plants are presented. Mathematical modeling and simulation analysis are also discussed. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Hydroelectric power: Technology and planning. (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning hydroelectric power technology and planning. Reservoir, dam, water tunnel, and hydraulic gate design, construction, and operation are discussed. Water supply, flood control, irrigation programs, and environmental effects of hydroelectric power plants are presented. Mathematical modeling and simulation analysis are also discussed. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Draft Guidance for Section 242 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005- Hydroelectric Production Incentive Program- July 2014  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document contains draft guidance for Section 242 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the "Hydroelectric Production Incentive Program"

411

51-Mile Hydroelectric Power Project Demonstration of new methodologies to reduce the LCOE for small, hydropower development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

51-Mile Hydroelectric Power Project Demonstration of new methodologies to reduce the LCOE for small, hydropower development

412

Economic effectiveness of using temporary runners on the turbines of the first line of the Nurek hydroelectric station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The installation of temporary runners at high-head hydroelectric stations provides: shortening of the station startup...

S. N. Ostroumov; K. A. Lyubitskii; V. F. Ilyushin

1972-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

DOE Office of Indian Energy Foundational Course on Hydroelectric Renewable Energy Text Version  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydroelectric Webinar Hydroelectric Webinar (text version) Below is the text version of the Webinar titled "DOE Office of Indian Energy Foundational Courses Renewable Energy Technologies: Hydroelectric." Amy Hollander: Hello. I'm Amy Hollander with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Welcome to today's webinar on hydroelectricity as a renewable energy, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs. This webinar is being recorded from DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory's brand new, state of the art, net zero energy research support facility in Golden, Colorado. Our hydroelectricity presentation today is one of nine foundational webinars in the series from the DOE Office of Indian Energy Education Initiative, designed to assist tribes with

414

Sources and fluxes of carbon in a large boreal hydroelectric reservoir of eastern Canada: an isotopic approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sources and fluxes of carbon in a large boreal hydroelectric reservoir of eastern Canada Hydroelectric reservoirs emit greenhouse gases (GHGs). Although a few hypothesis have been put forward at the surface of a large boreal hydroelectric reservoir of eastern Canada (Robert-Bourassa) as well

Long, Bernard

415

14 Diffusive CO2 Flux at the Air-Water Interface of the Robert-Bourassa Hydroelectric Reservoir in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

14 Diffusive CO2 Flux at the Air-Water Interface of the Robert-Bourassa Hydroelectric Reservoir Hydroelectric reservoirs and lakes in boreal Québec produce greenhouse gases (GHG) mainly in the form of CO2 of the interface. When applied to the Robert- Bourassa hydroelectric reservoir in boreal Québec, this model

Long, Bernard

416

Proceedings of: ''Formal Methods Europe'', March 1996, Oxford, UK, LNCS 1051, Springer Automatic Verification of a Hydroelectric Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Verification of a Hydroelectric Power Plant 1 Rosario Pugliese Enrico Tronci Dip. di Scienze dell@univaq.it Abstract. We analyze the specification of a hydroelectric power plant by ENEL (the Italian Electric Company we report on the analysis of a hydroelectric power plant by ENEL (the Italian Electric Company). Our

Tronci, Enrico

417

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Shpack Landfill - MA 06  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Shpack Landfill - MA 06 Shpack Landfill - MA 06 FUSRAP Considered Sites Shpack Landfill, NY Alternate Name(s): Attleboro, MA Metals and Controls Site Norton Landfill area MA.06-2 MA.06-3 Location: 68 Union Road, Norton, Massachusetts MA.06-2 Historical Operations: No AEC activities were conducted on site. Contamination was suspected from disposal of materials containing uranium and zirconium ash. MA.06-2 MA.06-3 Eligibility Determination: Eligible MA.06-1 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys MA.06-4 MA.06-5 MA.06-6 Site Status: Cleanup in progress by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. MA.06-7 MA.06-8 USACE Website Long-term Care Requirements: To be determined upon completion. Also see Documents Related to Shpack Landfill, NY MA.06-1 - DOE Memorandum; Meyers to Hart; Subject: Shpack Landfill,

418

Request for Qualifications for Sacramento Landfill  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Request for Qualifications (RFQ) solicits experienced companies to design, permit, finance, build, and operate a solar photovoltaic farm (SPV Farm) on the City of Sacramentos 28th Street Landfill. Respondents to this RFQ must demonstrate experience and capacity to design, permit, finance, build, and operate a SPV Farm that generates electricity that can be sold for electrical use through a power-purchase agreement. Submittals must be prepared and delivered in accordance with the requirements set forth in this document.

419

Hydrogeological Environmental Assessment of Sanitary Landfill Project at Jammu City, India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRASTIC Method The prepared landfill project is supposed toAssessment of Sanitary Landfill Project at Jammu City, Indiaimpact of a proposed landfill facility for the city of Jammu

Nagar, Bharat Bhushan; Mirza, Umar Karim

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Multiphase Modeling of Flow, Transport, and Biodegradation in a Mesoscale Landfill Bioreactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1179. Popov, V. ; Power, H. Landfill emission of gases intoC.M. T2LBM Version 1.0: Landfill bioreactor model forand recovery from landfills, Ann Arbor Science Publishers,

Oldenburg, Curtis M.; Borglin, Sharon E.; Hazen, Terry C.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Enhanced Landfill Mining Symposium EEC/WTERT Participation at ELFM Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enhanced Landfill Mining Symposium EEC/WTERT Participation at ELFM Conference of Enhanced Landfill Mining. Held at the Greenville (Center of Cleantech of old landfills, each containing valuable resources that are untapped

422

Subsurface characterization of groundwater contaminated by landfill leachate using microbial community profile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subsurface characterization of groundwater contaminated by landfill leachate using microbial from groundwater monitoring wells located within and around an aquifer contaminated with landfill. In this landfill leachate application, the weighted SOM assembles the microbial community data from monitoring

Vermont, University of

423

GeoChip-based Analysis of Groundwater Microbial Diversity in Norman Landfill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diversity in Norman Landfill Zhenmei Lu 1,2 , Zhili He 2,4 ,projects/norlan / ABSTRACT The Norman Landfill is a closedmunicipal solid waste landfill located on an alluvium

Lu, Zhenmei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

The UK landfill tax and the landfill tax credit scheme: operational weaknesses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The UK Landfill Tax and the related Landfill Tax Credit Scheme have now been in operation since October 1996. There have been a number of reviews to assess its operation and effectiveness that have led to some minor amendments. However, there continue to be concerns about operational weaknesses of the tax and the credit scheme. In particular, there is the risk that the tax may be evaded and there are fears that a lack of transparency and independence may undermine the fundamental principles of the Landfill Tax Credit Scheme. Following a recent report, the Secretary of State for the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions has set up an inquiry. This paper looks at some of the specific concerns that have been raised and the implications for waste management.

John R. Morris; Adam D. Read

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

E-Print Network 3.0 - ardeer landfill scotland Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

...28 Are there risks associated with landfilling of air pollution control residues... . 79% went to landfill sites, 21% to ash processors to make into...

426

On the Fatigue Reliability of Hydroelectric Francis Runners  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The reliability assessment of large rotating structures like hydroelectric Francis runners is often limited by our capacity to define a proper limit state combined with a relevant degradation model. In this paper, we propose that the proper limit state for fatigue reliability of such structures is the onset of high cycle fatigue (HCF). Based on this premise, a prior interval for our limit state based on available literature is presented. The prior assumptions are believed to be the first step toward validation of the applicability and suitability of the proposed model. The paper includes an overview of the theoretical background for reliability assessment of Francis turbine runners, the methodology used, and the results obtained from the information gathered from the available literature.

Martin Gagnon; Antoine Tahan; Philippe Bocher; Denis Thibault

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Optimization of Technical Diagnostics Procedures for Hydroelectric Power Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a mathematical model is proposed for determination of the optimal solution for the maintenance system of a specific steel structure the hydraulic power plant. The aim is to obtain the maximum efficiency of the plant within existing conditions and limitations. The objective of a mathematical model is to select the diagnostics parameters, which define knowledge of the permissible reliability level and certain analytic expression, which corresponds to precisely described state of hydroelectric power plant components assembly. Model of technical diagnostics procedures optimization represents a specific approach to problems of preventive maintaining according to state. It is related to the concept of state parameters change, which represents a basis for obtaining the optimal solution for procedures of technical diagnostics. It also creates direct relations between the law of the state parameter changes and reliability of the considered power plant components.

D. Nikoli?; R.R. Nikoli?; B. Krsti?; V. Lazi?; I.. Nikoli?; I. Krsti?; V. Krsti?

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Productivity growth and biased technological change in hydroelectric dams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyses productivity growth and the nature of technical change in a sample of Portuguese hydroelectric generating plants over the period 2001 to 2008. In a first step, we employ the Luenberger productivity indicator to estimate and decompose productivity change. A Malmquist productivity index is also used for a comparative purpose. The results paint a picture of mixed productivity performance in the Portuguese energy sector. The first decomposition underlines that, in average, the productivity variation is explained by the technological change. Then, in a second step, we analyse the nature of this technical change by using the recent concept of parallel neutrality (Briec et al., 2006). We observe a global shift in the best practice frontier as well as in the evidence of input bias in technical change.

Walter Briec; Nicolas Peypoch; Hermann Ratsimbanierana

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Development of an HTS hydroelectric power generator for the hirschaid power station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the development and manufacture of a 1.7MW, 5.25kV, 28pole, 214rpm hydroelectric power generator consisting of superconducting HTS field coils and a conventional stator. The generator is to be installed at a hydro power station in Hirschaid, Germany and is intended to be a technology demonstrator for the practical application of superconducting technology for sustainable and renewable power generation. The generator is intended to replace and uprate an existing conventional generator and will be connected directly to the German grid. The HTS field winding uses Bi-2223 tape conductor cooled to about 30K using high pressure helium gas which is transferred from static cryocoolers to the rotor via a bespoke rotating coupling. The coils are insulated with multi-layer insulation and positioned over laminated iron rotor poles which are at room temperature. The rotor is enclosed within a vacuum chamber and the complete assembly rotates at 214rpm. The challenges have been significant but have allowed Converteam to develop key technology building blocks which can be applied to future HTS related projects. The design challenges, electromagnetic, mechanical and thermal tests and results are presented and discussed together with applied solutions.

Ruben Fair; Clive Lewis; Joseph Eugene; Martin Ingles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

"Maximum recycling of Material and Energy, Minimum of Landfilling"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in "Recycling". "Waste-to-Energy" is now defined as Recycling, when energy efficiency is > 0,65 Prevention Reuse Recycling and Waste-to Energy? #12;6 European Policies on Landfill Ban The EU Landfill Directive The amount Ban decided upon in 2000, in force in 2005. A very strong effect, with a strong increase of Waste-to-Energy

Columbia University

431

Seismic Response Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste Landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to the engineering practice of municipal solid waste landfill, the dynamic response of landfill based on the finite element method is implemented. The equivalent linearization method is used to consider the non-linear dynamic response characteristics. ... Keywords: Dynamic response, Ground motion input, Finite element method

Zhang Guodong; Li Yong; Jin Xing; Li Rongbin; Chen Fei

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Landfill Disposal of CCA-Treated Wood with Construction and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Landfill Disposal of CCA-Treated Wood with Construction and Demolition (C&D) Debris: Arsenic phased out of many residential uses in the United States, the disposal of CCA-treated wood remains. Catastrophic events have also led to the concentrated disposal of CCA-treated wood, often in unlined landfills

Florida, University of

433

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Pfohl Brothers Landfill - NY 66  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Pfohl Brothers Landfill - NY 66 Pfohl Brothers Landfill - NY 66 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Pfohl Brothers Landfill (NY.66 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Five-Year Review Report Pfohl Brothers Landfill Superfund Site Erie County Town of Cheektowaga, New York EPA REGION 2 Congressional District(s): 30 Erie Cheektowaga NPL LISTING HISTORY Documents Related to Pfohl Brothers Landfill Historical documents may contain links which are no longer valid or to outside sources. LM can not attest to the accuracy of information provided by these links. Please see the Leaving LM Website page for more details.

434

Sandia National Laboratories: No More Green Waste in the Landfill  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

No More Green Waste in the Landfill No More Green Waste in the Landfill June 09, 2011 Dump Truck Image On the heels of Sandia National Laboratories' successful food waste composting program, Pollution Prevention (P2) has teamed with the Facilities' Grounds and Roads team and the Solid Waste Transfer Facility to implement green waste composting. Previously, branches and logs were being diverted and mulched by Kirtland Air Force Base at their Construction & Demolition Landfill that is on base and utilized under contract by Sandia. The mulch is available to the Air Force and Sandia for landscaping uses. However, grass clippings, leaves, and other green waste were being disposed in the landfill. In an initiative to save time and trips by small trucks with trailers to the landfill carrying organic debris, two 30 cubic yard rolloffs were

435

Municipal landfill leachate treatment by SBBGR technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper reports the results of a laboratory-scale investigation aimed at evaluating the performance of a periodic biofilter with granular biomass (SBBGR) for treating leachate coming from a mature municipal landfill. The results show that the SBBGR was able to remove roughly 80% of COD in leachate. The remaining 20% of COD were, therefore, presumably owing to the presence in the leachate of recalcitrant compounds. Ammonia removal efficiency was low because of the presence of high salinity and inhibitory compounds in the investigated leachate. The process was characterised by very low sludge production (lower than 0.02 kg TSS/kg CODremoved).

Claudio Di Iaconi; Guido Del Moro; Michele Pagano; Roberto Ramadori

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Influence of Modern Hydro-Electric Power Development on the British Coal Trade  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... rise to a pertinent and interesting inquiry as to the influence this widespread creation of hydroelectric energy is having, and is likely to have, upon the output and use of ... abroad.

BRYSSON CUNNINGHAM

1931-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

437

Energy Department Seeks Additional Feedback on Draft Guidance for the Hydroelectric Production Incentive Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy is currently inviting comments from the general public on revised guidance relating to the implementation of Section 242 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Hydroelectric Production Incentive Program.

438

Energy Department Seeks Feedback on Draft Guidance for the Hydroelectric Production Incentive Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy is currently inviting comments from the general public on guidance relating to the implementation of Section 242 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Hydroelectric Production Incentive Program.

439

Pumped Hydroelectricity and Utility-Scale Batteries for Reserve Electricity Generation in New Zealand.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Non-pumped hydroelectricity-based energy storage in New Zealand has only limited potential to expand to meet projected growth in electricity demand. Seasonal variations of hydro inflows (more)

Kear, Gareth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Small-Hydroelectricity and Landscape Change in the Bitterroot Mountains: Public Perceptions and Attitudes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Newman, Chad, M.A. December 2007 Geography Small-Hydroelectricity and Landscape Change in the Bitterroot Mountains: Public Perceptions and Attitudes Chairperson: Dr. David D. Shively The development (more)

Newman, Chad E

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Hydroelectricity and landscape protection in the Highlands of Scotland, 1919 - 1980 .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis employs twentieth-century hydroelectric development ventures in the Highlands of Scotland as a means of exploring conflicting demands of socio-economic development and landscape protection (more)

Payne, Jill

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Environmental mitigation at hydroelectric projects. Volume 2, Benefits and costs of fish passage and protection  

SciTech Connect

This study examines envirorunental mitigation practices that provide upstream and downstream fish passage and protection at hydroelectric projects. The study includes a survey of fish passage and protection mitigation practices at 1,825 hydroelectric plants regulated by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to determine frequencies of occurrence, temporal trends, and regional practices based on FERC regions. The study also describes, in general terms, the fish passage/protection mitigation costs at 50 non-Federal hydroelectric projects. Sixteen case studies are used to examine in detail the benefits and costs of fish passage and protection. The 16 case studies include 15 FERC licensed or exempted hydroelectric projects and one Federally-owned and-operated hydroelectric project. The 16 hydroelectric projects are located in 12 states and range in capacity from 400 kilowatts to 840 megawatts. The fish passage and protection mitigation methods at the case studies include fish ladders and lifts, an Eicher screen, spill flows, airburst-cleaned inclined and cylindrical wedgewire screens, vertical barrier screens, and submerged traveling screens. The costs, benefits, monitoring methods, and operating characteristics of these and other mitigation methods used at the 16 case studies are examined.

Francfort, J.E.; Rinehart, B.N.; Sommers, G.L. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Cada, G.F.; Jones, D.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Dauble, D.D. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Hunt, R.T. [Hunt (Richard) Associates, Inc., Concord, NH (United States); Costello, R.J. [Northwest Water Resources Advisory Services (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Short Mountain Landfill Gas Recovery Project : Stage 1 Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), a Federal power marketing agency, has statutory responsibilities to supply electrical power to its utility, industrial, and other customers in the Pacific Northwest. BPA`s latest load/resource balance forecast, projects the capability of existing resources to satisfy projected Federal system loads. The forecast indicates a potential resource deficit. The underlying need for action is to satisfy BPA customers` demand for electrical power.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

In-situ Removal of Hydrogen Sulphide from Landfill Gas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This project was compiled in co-operation with the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm and Veolia Environmental Services (Australia) at the Woodlawn Bioreactor in NSW, (more)

Lazarevic, David Andrew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Fordonsgas frn deponier; Vehicle fuel from landfill gas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The demand for biogas as vehicle fuel has risen sharply and there is a great need for increased production. A possible addition of vehicle (more)

Willn, Jessica

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Simulation of Landfill Gas Performance in a Spark Ignited Engine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Computer simulations were performed using KIVA-4 code to determine performance of a spark ignited engine fueled by methane diluted with carbon dioxide to approximate (more)

Swain, Daniel P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

CHP and Bioenergy for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants: Market Opportunities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Overview of market opportunities for CHP and bioenergy for landfills and wastewater treatment plants

448

The Municipal Solid Waste Landfill as a Source of Montreal Protocol-restricted Halocarbons in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Municipal Solid Waste Landfill as a Source of Montreal Protocol-restricted Halocarbons of Geophysics #12;2 #12;The Municipal Solid Waste Landfill as a Source of Montreal Protocol municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills. With several hundred MSW landfills in both the US and UK, estimating

449

Micrometeorological Measurements of Methane and Carbon Dioxide Fluxes at a Municipal Landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Micrometeorological Measurements of Methane and Carbon Dioxide Fluxes at a Municipal Landfill ... Of the global anthropogenic CH4 emissions, more than 10% originates from landfills (1). ... Landfills are the largest source of anthropogenic CH4 emissions to the atm. in the US; however, few measurements of whole landfill CH4 emissions have been reported. ...

Annalea Lohila; Tuomas Laurila; Juha-Pekka Tuovinen; Mika Aurela; Juha Hatakka; Tea Thum; Mari Pihlatie; Janne Rinne; Timo Vesala

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

PREFERENTIAL FLOW THROUGH EARTHEN LANDFILL COVERS: FIELD EVALUATION OF ROOT ZONE WATER QUALITY MODEL (RZWQM) AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract PREFERENTIAL FLOW THROUGH EARTHEN LANDFILL COVERS: FIELD EVALUATION OF ROOT ZONE WATER into the waste, earthen landfill covers are constructed once a landfill reaches its capacity. Formation earthen landfill covers during service. Most commonly used water balance models that are used

451

Development of a Wireless Sensor Network for Monitoring a Bioreactor Landfill Asis Nasipuri,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Development of a Wireless Sensor Network for Monitoring a Bioreactor Landfill Asis Nasipuri,1 treatment and disposal costs of leachate, and increasing landfill capacity. Such aerobic decomposition engineered containment structures i.e. landfilling. The goal of a conventional landfill (typically referred

Nasipuri, Asis

452

Bulletin of Entomological Research (1999) 89, 493498 493 Fly populations associated with landfill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bulletin of Entomological Research (1999) 89, 493­498 493 Fly populations associated with landfill at the following sites in Hampshire, UK during August to November 1998: a landfill and composting site (Paulsgrove), a site adjacent to this landfill (Port Solent), a site with no landfill nearby (Gosport

453

Sardinia 2007, Eleventh International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium Potential for Reducing Global Methane Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sardinia 2007, Eleventh International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium 1 Potential for Reducing Global Methane Emissions From Landfills, 2000-2030 E. MATTHEWS1 , N. J. THEMELIS2 1 NASA Goddard ~1200 Tg/yr (1 Tg = 1012 g), >70% of which is landfilled. Landfilling of waste contributes ~30-35 Tg

Columbia University

454

Microsoft Word - Roosevelt-HW-Hill_Landfill-G0335-I0019-CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, 2009 1, 2009 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum James Hall Customer Service Engineer - TPC-TPP-4 Proposed Action: H.W. Hill / Roosevelt Landfill Gas Generation Expansion Project (#I0019 and #G0335) Budget Information: Work Order # 244620, Task # 03 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.7: "Acquisition, installation, operation, and removal of communication systems..." B4.6: "Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area..." Location: Klickitat County, Washington Proposed by: Klickitat County Public Utility District No.1 (KPUD) and Bonneville Power

455

Biomass gasification project gets funding to solve black liquor safety and landfill problems  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on biomass gasifications. The main by-product in pulp making is black liquor from virgin fiber; the main by-product in paper recycling is fiber residue. Although the black liquor is recycled for chemical and energy recovery, safety problems plague the boilers currently used to do this. The fiber residue is usually transported to a landfill. The system being developed by MTCI will convert black liquor and fiber residue into a combustible gas, which can then be used for a wide variety of thermal or power generation applications.

Black, N.P.

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Strategic analysis of the Great Canadian Hydroelectric Power Conflict  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The contract negotiation that led to the 1969 agreement between Newfoundland and Labrador,and Quebec, is systemically analyzed within the framework of Graph Model for Conflict Resolution. The Great Canadian Hydroelectric Power Conflict has been ongoing since 1963 and shows no signs of ending. In this dispute, the Province of Quebec has the right to buy almost all of the power generated from the Upper Churchill Falls, which is located in the Labrador territory in Newfoundland and Labrador, at a very low price. Originally, the contract was signed by Churchill Falls Labrador Corporation to secure finances for the Upper Churchill Falls development. The unpopularity of the contract led to several unsuccessful attempts by the Newfoundland and Labrador Government to escape its provisions. Newfoundland and Labrador is currently negotiating to develop the Lower Churchill Project and seeking to avoid the mistakes of the first contract. Furthermore, the automatic renewal clause of the original contract is expected to cause another round of conflict in 2016. The analysis shows that, given the circumstances in which the agreement was signed, the outcome was almost inevitable. Athird party intervener rule could have remediated the damage caused by the conflict.

Yasser T. Matbouli; Keith W. Hipel; D. Marc Kilgour

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Final Technical Report - Modernization of the Boulder Canyon Hydroelectric Project  

SciTech Connect

The Boulder Canyon Hydroelectric Project (BCH) was purchased by the City of Boulder, CO (the city) in 2001. Project facilities were originally constructed in 1910 and upgraded in the 1930s and 1940s. By 2009, the two 10 MW turbine/generators had reached or were nearing the end of their useful lives. One generator had grounded out and was beyond repair, reducing plant capacity to 10 MW. The remaining 10 MW unit was expected to fail at any time. When the BCH power plant was originally constructed, a sizeable water supply was available for the sole purpose of hydroelectric power generation. Between 1950 and 2001, that water supply had gradually been converted to municipal water supply by the city. By 2001, the water available for hydroelectric power generation at BCH could not support even one 10 MW unit. Boulder lacked the financial resources to modernize the facilities, and Boulder anticipated that when the single, operational historical unit failed, the project would cease operation. In 2009, the City of Boulder applied for and received a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) grant for $1.18 million toward a total estimated project cost of $5.155 million to modernize BCH. The federal funding allowed Boulder to move forward with plant modifications that would ensure BCH would continue operation. Federal funding was made available through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009. Boulder determined that a single 5 MW turbine/generator would be the most appropriate capacity, given the reduced water supply to the plant. Average annual BCH generation with the old 10 MW unit had been about 8,500 MW-hr, whereas annual generation with a new, efficient turbine could average 11,000 to 12,000 MW-hr. The incremental change in annual generation represents a 30% increase in generation over pre-project conditions. The old turbine/generator was a single nozzle Pelton turbine with a 5-to-1 flow turndown and a maximum turbine/generator efficiency of 82%. The new unit is a double nozzle Pelton turbine with a 10-to-1 flow turndown and a maximum turbine/generator efficiency of 88%. This alone represents a 6% increase in overall efficiency. The old turbine operated at low efficiencies due to age and non-optimal sizing of the turbine for the water flow available to the unit. It was shut down whenever water flow dropped to less than 4-5 cfs, and at that flow, efficiency was 55 to 60%. The new turbine will operate in the range of 70 to 88% efficiency through a large portion of the existing flow range and would only have to be shut down at flow rates less than 3.7 cfs. Efficiency is expected to increase by 15-30%, depending on flow. In addition to the installation of new equipment, other goals for the project included: ?¢???¢ Increasing safety at Boulder Canyon Hydro ?¢???¢ Increasing protection of the Boulder Creek environment ?¢???¢ Modernizing and integrating control equipment into Boulder?¢????s municipal water supply system, and ?¢???¢ Preserving significant historical engineering information prior to power plant modernization. From January 1, 2010 through December 31, 2012, combined consultant and contractor personnel hours paid for by both the city and the federal government have totaled approximately 40,000. This equates roughly to seven people working full time on the project from January 2010 through December 2012. This project also involved considerable material expense (steel pipe, a variety of valves, electrical equipment, and the various components of the turbine and generator), which were not accounted for in terms of hours spent on the project. However, the material expense related to this project did help to create or preserve manufacturing/industrial jobs throughout the United States. As required by ARRA, the various components of the hydroelectric project were manufactured or substantially transformed in the U.S. BCH is eligible for nomination to

Joe Taddeucci, P E

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

458

Appendix B Landfill Inspection Forms and Survey Data  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

B B Landfill Inspection Forms and Survey Data This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank Original Landfill January 2012 Monthly Inspection-Attachment 1 The monthly inspection of the OLF was completed on January 30. The Rocky Flats Site only received .15 inches of precipitation during the month of January. The cover was dry at the time of the inspection. The slump in the East Perimeter Channel (EPC) remained unchanged. Berm locations that were re-graded during the OLF Maintenance 2011 Project remained in good condition. Vegetation on the landfill cover including the seep areas remains dormant. OLF Cover Lower OLF Cover Facing East Upper OLF Cover Facing East

459

US EPA Landfill Methane Outreach Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Landfill Methane Outreach Program Landfill Methane Outreach Program Jump to: navigation, search Name US EPA Landfill Methane Outreach Program Agency/Company /Organization United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Biomass Topics Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Workshop Website http://www.epa.gov/lmop/intern Country China, Ecuador, Mexico, Philippines, Thailand, Ukraine, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama Eastern Asia, South America, Central America, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America References LMOP[1]

460

Full-Scale Practice of Ecologically Based Landfill of Municipal Solid Waste: to Accecelerate The Biological Conversion Inside Landfill and Cover Layers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The application of bioreactor landfill with leachate recirculation was usually confronted with ... leachate. A modified operation called ecologically based landfill was induced by recycling the pre-treated fres...

Pin-Jing He

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

USING BALD EAGLES TO MONITOR HYDROELECTRIC PROJECTS LISCENSE REQUIREMENTS ALONG THE AU SABLE, MANISTEE AND MUSKEGON RIVER, MICHIGAN.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Consumers Energy operated hydroelectric projects located along the Au Sable, Manistee, and Muskegon Rivers underwent environmental studies in the late 1980s and early 1990s as (more)

Datema, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Underwater noise generated by Columbia River hydroelectric dams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low?frequency (101000 Hz) underwater noise measurements have been made in water within and upstream from four Columbia River hydroelectric dams. The motivation for these measurements was to map out the sound field within and upstream from the power dams as a first step in understanding the effect of this field on the behavior of migrating salmonids that must choose between the bypass system or intakes to the turbines. Eventually sound may be used to guide the juvenile fish safely past the turbine intakes and into the bypass system. Thus far single hydrophonemeasurements have been made in the bypass slots within the dam and at a number of locations upstream from the dam. The noise level varies with location decreasing as the hydrophone is moved upsteam from the dam and as the hydrophone is moved closer to the water surface immediately upstream of the dam as well as in the bypass slot. The noise spectra below 200 Hz are highly modulated displaying one or more sharp peaks which indicates resonances in the structural generating mechanism or propagation path. The spectrum level and modulation vary significantly from one dam to another and sometimes from one configuration to another (e.g. when one of the turbines is on or off). A final set of measurements will be made at the Bonneville Dam using several hydrophones placed at a number of locations in the vicinity of the intake channel and these may help identify sources and propagation paths to the hydrophone. [Work sponsored by U. S. Army Corps of Engineers.

Robert T. Miyamoto; Steven O. McConnell; James J. Anderson; Blake E. Feist

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Sandia National Laboratories: No More Green Waste in the Landfill  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

No More Green Waste in the Landfill June 09, 2011 Dump Truck Image On the heels of Sandia National Laboratories' successful food waste composting program, Pollution Prevention (P2)...

464

http://ndep.nv.gov/bwm/landfill.htm  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Story County Ely Landfill City of Ely Operating - Class I & III Permitted City of Ely White Pine County White Pine Energy Station (WPES) Class III disposal site White Pine County...

465

Modeling of leachate generation in municipal solid waste landfills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parameters specified by the user. Ultimately, this model will strive to replace the time the user requires to generate and fill a given landfill geometry with time spent running and evaluating trials to yield the best design....

Beck, James Bryan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

466

"1. Seabrook","Nuclear","NextEra Energy Seabrook LLC",1247 "2. Granite Ridge","Gas","Granite Ridge Energy LLC",678  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Hampshire" Hampshire" "1. Seabrook","Nuclear","NextEra Energy Seabrook LLC",1247 "2. Granite Ridge","Gas","Granite Ridge Energy LLC",678 "3. NAEA Newington Power","Gas","NAEA Newington Energy LLC",525 "4. Merrimack","Coal","Public Service Co of NH",485 "5. Newington","Gas","Public Service Co of NH",400 "6. S C Moore","Hydroelectric","TransCanada Hydro Northeast Inc.,",194 "7. Schiller","Coal","Public Service Co of NH",156 "8. Comerford","Hydroelectric","TransCanada Hydro Northeast Inc.,",145 "9. Berlin Gorham","Hydroelectric","Great Lakes Hydro America LLC",30

467

EA-1707: Closure of Nonradioactive Dangerous Waste Landfill and Solid Waste  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

07: Closure of Nonradioactive Dangerous Waste Landfill and 07: Closure of Nonradioactive Dangerous Waste Landfill and Solid Waste Landfill, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington EA-1707: Closure of Nonradioactive Dangerous Waste Landfill and Solid Waste Landfill, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington Summary This EA evaluates the potential environmental impacts of closing the Nonradioactive Dangerous Waste Landfill and the Solid Waste Landfill. The Washington State Department of Ecology is a cooperating agency in preparing this EA. Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download August 26, 2011 EA-1707: Revised Draft Environmental Assessment Closure of Nonradioactive Dangerous Waste Landfill and Solid Waste Landfill, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington May 13, 2010 EA-1707: Draft Environmental Assessment

468

How does landfill leachate affect the chemical processes in a lake system downgradient from a landfill site?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A field study on the geochemical properties of a chemically-stressed limnic environment was performed in Lake Silbersee, which receives leachate water of high inorganic loading from an upgradient landfill site. T...

Thomas Striebel; Wolfgang Schfer; Stefan Peiffer

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Water-Power Development, Conservation of Hydroelectric Power Dams and Works  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water-Power Development, Conservation of Hydroelectric Power Dams Water-Power Development, Conservation of Hydroelectric Power Dams and Works (Virginia) Water-Power Development, Conservation of Hydroelectric Power Dams and Works (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info State Virginia Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Virginia State Corporation Commission It is the policy of the Commonwealth of Virginia to encourage the utilization of its water resources to the greatest practicable extent, to control the waters of the Commonwealth, and also to construct or reconstruct dams in any rivers or streams within the Commonwealth for the

470

Effects of Climate Change on the Hydroelectric The Council is not tasked, nor does it have the resources to resolve existing uncertainties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of Climate Change on the Hydroelectric System SUMMARY The Council is not tasked, nor does at hydroelectric dams when Northwest demands and power market values are likely to grow due to higher air

471

Vibrant fault diagnosis for hydroelectric generator units with a new combination of rough sets and support vector machine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fault diagnosis for hydroelectric generator unit (HGU) is significant to prevent dangerous accidents from occurring and to improve economic efficiency. The faults of HGU involve overlapping fault patterns which may denote a kind of faults in the ... Keywords: Fault diagnosis, Hydroelectric generator unit, Rough sets, Support vector machine

Xiaoyuan Zhang; Jianzhong Zhou; Jun Guo; Qiang Zou; Zhiwei Huang

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Metal speciation in landfill leachates with a focus on the influence of organic matter  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: > This study characterises the heavy-metal content in leachates collected from eight landfills in France. > Most of the metals are concentrated in the <30 kDa fraction, while Pb, Cu and Cd are associated with larger particles. > Metal complexation with OM is not sufficient to explain apparent supersaturation of metals with sulphide minerals. - Abstract: This study characterises the heavy-metal content in leachates collected from eight landfills in France. In order to identify heavy metal occurrence in the different size fractions of leachates, a cascade filtration protocol was applied directly in the field, under a nitrogen gas atmosphere to avoid metal oxidation. The results of analyses performed on the leachates suggest that most of the metals are concentrated in the <30 kDa fraction, while lead, copper and cadmium show an association with larger particles. Initial speciation calculations, without considering metal association with organic matter, suggest that leachate concentrations in lead, copper, nickel and zinc are super-saturated with respect to sulphur phases. Speciation calculations that account for metal complexation with organic matter, considered as fulvic acids based on C1(s) NEXAFS spectroscopy, show that this mechanism is not sufficient to explain such deviation from equilibrium conditions. It is therefore hypothesized that the deviation results also from the influence of biological activity on the kinetics of mineral phase precipitation and dissolution, thus providing a dynamic system. The results of chemical analyses of sampled fluids are compared with speciation calculations and some implications for the assessment of metal mobility and natural attenuation in a context of landfill risk assessment are discussed.

Claret, Francis, E-mail: f.claret@brgm.fr [BRGM, 3 avenue C. Guillemin, BP 6009, 45060 Orleans (France); Tournassat, Christophe; Crouzet, Catherine; Gaucher, Eric C. [BRGM, 3 avenue C. Guillemin, BP 6009, 45060 Orleans (France); Schaefer, Thorsten [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Nuclear Waste Disposal (INE), P.O. Box 3640, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Freie Universitaet Berlin, Institute of Geological Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Hydrogeology Group, D-12249 Berlin (Germany); Braibant, Gilles; Guyonnet, Dominique [BRGM, 3 avenue C. Guillemin, BP 6009, 45060 Orleans (France)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Image courtesy of the Image Science & Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center (ISS006-E-42326). The hydroelectrical potential of North-Western  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-42326). #12;The hydroelectrical potential of North-Western Patagonia ­ balancing economic development and ecological protection axel borsdorf #12;156 The hydroelectrical potential of North-Western Patagonia the rest an expansion of the hydroelectric potential, first proposed 30 years ago (Borsdorf 1987: 156ff), can

Borsdorf, Axel

474

Intelligent Bioreactor Management Information System (IBM-IS) for Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

SciTech Connect

Methane is an important contributor to global warming with a total climate forcing estimated to be close to 20% that of carbon dioxide (CO2) over the past two decades. The largest anthropogenic source of methane in the US is 'conventional' landfills, which account for over 30% of anthropogenic emissions. While controlling greenhouse gas emissions must necessarily focus on large CO2 sources, attention to reducing CH4 emissions from landfills can result in significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions at low cost. For example, the use of 'controlled' or bioreactor landfilling has been estimated to reduce annual US greenhouse emissions by about 15-30 million tons of CO2 carbon (equivalent) at costs between $3-13/ton carbon. In this project we developed or advanced new management approaches, landfill designs, and landfill operating procedures for bioreactor landfills. These advances are needed to address lingering concerns about bioreactor landfills (e.g., efficient collection of increased CH4 generation) in the waste management industry, concerns that hamper bioreactor implementation and the consequent reductions in CH4 emissions. Collectively, the advances described in this report should result in better control of bioreactor landfills and reductions in CH4 emissions. Several advances are important components of an Intelligent Bioreactor Management Information System (IBM-IS).

Paul Imhoff; Ramin Yazdani; Don Augenstein; Harold Bentley; Pei Chiu

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

475

Methane production during the anaerobic decomposition of composted and raw organic refuse in simulated landfill cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production from landfills if organic waste is composted prior to. The quantities and rates of methane production were measured from simulated landfill cells containing composted and raw simulated refuse. The refuse was composted in an open pile...

West, Margrit Evelyn

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

E-Print Network 3.0 - air force landfill Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving Forces towards Materials... lack of Waste-to-Energy capacity. 12;9 Austria As Germany, but Ban in force already in 2002. Landfill... Landfill Ban in force already in...

477

11. GEOELECTRICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF COVERED LANDFILL SITES: A PROCESS-ORIENTED MODEL AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in disused quarries or special purpose-built structures but not all past landfill operations were adequately

Meju, Max

478

Water development for hydroelectric in southeastern Anatolia project (GAP) in Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP) region in Turkey is rich in water for irrigation and hydroelectric power. The Euphrates and Tigris rivers represent over 28% of the nations water supply by rivers, and the economically irrigable areas in the region make up 20% of those for the entry country. On the other hand, 85% of the total hydro capacity in operation has been developed by DSI, corresponding to 9931MW (49 hydro plants) and 35,795GWh/year respectively. The largest and most comprehensive regional development project ever implemented by DSI in Turkey is The Southeast Anatolian (GAP) Project, which is located in the region of Southeast Anatolia on the Euprates and Tigris rivers and their tributaries, which originate in Turkey. The energy potential of the Tigris and Euphrates is estimated as 12,000GWh and 35,000GWh, respectively. These two rivers constitute 10% and 30% of the total hydroelectric energy potential. The GAP region will be an important electric power producer with 1000MW installed capacity from the Karakaya dam, 2400MW installed capacity from the Atatrk dam and 1360MW installed capacity from the Keban dam. The GAP region has a 22% share of the countrys total hydroelectric potential, with plans for 22 dams and 19 hydroelectric power plants. Once completed, 27 billionkWh of electricity will be generated annually.

Ibrahim Yuksel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Pumped storage for hydroelectric power. (Latest citations from Fluidex (Fluid Engineering Abstracts) database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, development, construction, and characteristics of surface and underground pumped storage for hydroelectric power. Pumped storage projects and facilities worldwide are referenced. There is some consideration of research and experimental results of pumped storage studies, as well as modeling. (Contains a minimum of 198 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Pumped storage for hydroelectric power. (Latest citations from Fluidex data base). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, development, construction, and characteristics of surface and underground pumped storage for hydroelectric power. Pumped storage projects and facilities worldwide are referenced. There is some consideration of research and experimental results of pumped storage studies, as well as modeling. (Contains a minimum of 192 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hydroelectricity landfill gas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Status Review of Wildlife Mitigation, Columbia Basin Hydroelectric Projects, Columbia River Mainstem Facilities, 1984 Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews the status of past, present, and proposed future wildlife planning and mitigation programs at existing hydroelectric projects in the Columbia River Basin. The project evaluations will form the basis for determining any needed remedial measures or additional project analysis. Each hydropower facility report is abstracted separately for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

Howerton, Jack; Hwang, Diana

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

What is the role of hydroelectric power in the United States?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The importance of hydropower as a source of electricity generation varies by geographic region. While hydropower accounted for 6% of total U.S. electricity generation in 2010, it provided over half of the electricity in the Pacific Northwest. Because hydroelectric generation relies on precipitation, it varies widely from month to month and year to year.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Improvement of the effectiveness of spillway operation of high-head hydroelectric stations  

SciTech Connect

This article formulates the hydraulics and energetics involved in the aerated two-phase flow of water over and down the spillway of a high-head hydroelectric power plant into the receiving pools and constructs a flow model describing kinetic energy transfer and losses and air bubble compression forces for different configurations and inclinations of the spillway surface for purposes of spillway design.

Khlopenkov, P.R.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

"1. Beluga","Gas","Chugach Electric Assn Inc",344 "2. George M Sullivan Generation Plant 2","Gas","Anchorage Municipal Light and Power",220  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alaska" Alaska" "1. Beluga","Gas","Chugach Electric Assn Inc",344 "2. George M Sullivan Generation Plant 2","Gas","Anchorage Municipal Light and Power",220 "3. North Pole","Petroleum","Golden Valley Elec Assn Inc",144 "4. Bradley Lake","Hydroelectric","Homer Electric Assn Inc",126 "5. Anchorage 1","Gas","Anchorage Municipal Light and Power",88 "6. Snettisham","Hydroelectric","Alaska Electric Light&Power Co",78 "7. Bernice Lake","Gas","Chugach Electric Assn Inc",62 "8. Lemon Creek","Petroleum","Alaska Electric Light&Power Co",58

485

Results of Hazardous and Mixed Waste Excavation from the Chemical Waste Landfill  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the results of the excavation of a 1.9-acre hazardous and mixed waste landfill operated for 23 years at Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Excavation of the landfill was completed in 2 1/2 years without a single serious accident or injury. Approximately 50,000 cubic yards of soil contaminated with volatile and semi-volatile organics, metals, polychlorinated biphenyl compounds, and radioactive constituents was removed. In addition, over 400 cubic yards of buried debris was removed, including bulk debris, unknown chemicals, compressed gas cylinders, thermal and chemical batteries, explosive and ordnance debris, pyrophoric materials and biohazardous waste. Removal of these wastes included negotiation of multiple regulations and guidances encompassed in the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), and risk assessment methodology. RCRA concepts that were addressed include the area of contamination, permit modification, emergency treatment provision, and listed waste designation. These regulatory decisions enabled the project to overcome logistical and programmatic needs such as increased operational area, the ability to implement process improvements while maintaining a record of decisions and approvals.

Young, S. G.; Schofield, D. P.; Kwiecinski, D.; Edgmon, C. L.; Methvin, R.

2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

486

Metal Speciation in Landfill Leachates with a Focus on the Influence of Organic Matter  

SciTech Connect

This study characterizes the heavy-metal content in leachates collected from eight landfills in France. In order to identify heavy metal occurrence in the different size fractions of leachates, a cascade filtration protocol was applied directly in the field, under a nitrogen gas atmosphere to avoid metal oxidation. The results of analyses performed on the leachates suggest that most of the metals are concentrated in the <30 kDa fraction, while lead, copper and cadmium show an association with larger particles. Initial speciation calculations, without considering metal association with organic matter, suggest that leachate concentrations in lead, copper, nickel and zinc are super-saturated with respect to sulphur phases. Speciation calculations that account for metal complexation with organic matter, considered as fulvic acids based on C1(s) NEXAFS spectroscopy, show that this mechanism is not sufficient to explain such deviation from equilibrium conditions. It is therefore hypothesized that the deviation results also from the influence of biological activity on the kinetics of mineral phase precipitation and dissolution, thus providing a dynamic system. The results of chemical analyses of sampled fluids are compared with speciation calculations and some implications for the assessment of metal mobility and natural attenuation in a context of landfill risk assessment are discussed.

F Claret; C Tournassat; C Crouzet; E Gaucher; T Schfer; G Braibant; D Guyonnet

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

487

Review of state of the art methods for measuring water in landfills  

SciTech Connect

In recent years several types of sensors and measurement techniques have been developed for measuring the moisture content, water saturation, or the volumetric water content of landfilled wastes. In this work, we review several of the most promising techniques. The basic principles behind each technique are discussed and field applications of the techniques are presented, including cost estimates. For several sensors, previously unpublished data are given. Neutron probes, electrical resistivity (impedance) sensors, time domain reflectometry (TDR) sensors, and the partitioning gas tracer technique (PGTT) were field tested with results compared to gravimetric measurements or estimates of the volumetric water content or moisture content. Neutron probes were not able to accurately measure the volumetric water content, but could track changes in moisture conditions. Electrical resistivity and TDR sensors tended to provide biased estimates, with instrument-determined moisture contents larger than independent estimates. While the PGTT resulted in relatively accurate measurements, electrical resistivity and TDR sensors provide more rapid results and are better suited for tracking infiltration fronts. Fiber optic sensors and electrical resistivity tomography hold promise for measuring water distributions in situ, particularly during infiltration events, but have not been tested with independent measurements to quantify their accuracy. Additional work is recommended to advance the development of some of these instruments and to acquire an improved understanding of liquid movement in landfills by application of the most promising techniques in the field.

Imhoff, Paul T. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States)], E-mail: imhoff@udel.edu; Reinhart, Debra R. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816-2450 (United States); Englund, Marja [Fortum Service Ltd., P.O. Box 10, FIN-00048, Fortum (Finland); Guerin, Roger [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR 7619 Sisyphe, case courrier 105, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris cedex 05 (France); Gawande, Nitin [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816-2450 (United States); Han, Byunghyun [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Jonnalagadda, Sreeram; Townsend, Timothy G. [Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences Department, Gainesville, FL 32609 (United States); Yazdani, Ramin [Planning, Resources, and Public Works Department, Division of Integrated Waste Management, 292 West Beamer Street, Woodland, CA 95695 (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

REACTION AND COMBUSTION INDICATORS IN MSW LANDFILLS Jeffrey W. Martin1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REACTION AND COMBUSTION INDICATORS IN MSW LANDFILLS Jeffrey W. Martin1 ,P.G., R.S., Timothy D, Ohio. ABSTRACT Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) landfills may contain aluminum from residential, particularly aluminum production wastes, may react exothermically with liquid within a landfill and cause

489

Nitrogen removal via nitrite in a sequencing batch reactor treating sanitary landfill leachate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nitrogen removal via nitrite in a sequencing batch reactor treating sanitary landfill leachate, for the automation of a bench-scale SBR treating leachate generated in old landfills. Attention was given 20­30% due to the low biodegradability of organic matter in the leach- ate from old landfills

490

Beneficial Use of Shredded Tires as Drainage Material in Cover Systems for Abandoned Landfills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beneficial Use of Shredded Tires as Drainage Material in Cover Systems for Abandoned Landfills in cover systems for abandoned landfills. The research study included extensive laboratory testing and field demonstration at an abandoned landfill in Carlinville, Ill. Laboratory testing was conducted using

491

Geosynthetics International, 2010, 17, No.3 Design of a landfill final cover system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geosynthetics International, 2010, 17, No.3 Design of a landfill final cover system T. D. Stark containment, Strength, Stability, Shearbox test, Failure, Final cover system, Landfill REFERENCE: Stark, T. D. & Newman, E. J. (20 I0). Design of a landfill final cover systcm. Geosynthetics [ntemational17, No.3, 124

492

Sepiolite as an Alternative Liner Material in Municipal Solid Waste Landfills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sepiolite as an Alternative Liner Material in Municipal Solid Waste Landfills Yucel Guney1 ; Savas in municipal solid waste landfills. However, natural clays may not always provide good contaminant sorption necessitates addition of kaolinite before being used as a landfill material. The valence of the salt solutions

Aydilek, Ahmet

493

Application of Bayesian inference methods to inverse modeling for contaminant source identification at Gloucester Landfill, Canada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

identification at Gloucester Landfill, Canada Anna M. Michalak and Peter K. Kitanidis Department of Civil plume at the Gloucester landfill site in Ontario, Canada. This work constitutes the first application]. In this paper, we infer the 1,4-dioxane release history from the Gloucester landfill in Ontario, Canada, based

Michalak, Anna M.

494

Clogging Potential of Tire Shred-Drainage Layer in Landfill Cover Systems Krishna R. Reddy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Clogging Potential of Tire Shred-Drainage Layer in Landfill Cover Systems Krishna R. Reddy of shredded scrap tire drainage layers in landfill covers. Laboratory clogging tests were conducted using soil to 50 cm. The soil layer consisted of silty clay that is commonly used as cover soil in landfill cover

495

Comparison of four composite landfill liner systems considering leakage rate and mass flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of four composite landfill liner systems considering leakage rate and mass flux T, Seoul, Republic of Korea ABSTRACT: Performance of four different municipal solid waste landfill liner to evaluate the performance of municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill liner systems. A liner system that allows

496

Stability Analysis for a Landfill Experiencing Elevated Temperatures Timothy D. Stark1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stability Analysis for a Landfill Experiencing Elevated Temperatures Timothy D. Stark1 , F. ASCE, P and stability analyses for a municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill experiencing elevated temperatures due wastes can be disposed of in MSW landfills because this waste is not categorized as hazardous under 40

497

Hanford Landfill Reaches 15 Million Tons Disposed - Waste Disposal Mark  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Landfill Reaches 15 Million Tons Disposed - Waste Disposal Landfill Reaches 15 Million Tons Disposed - Waste Disposal Mark Shows Success Cleaning Up River Corridor Hanford Landfill Reaches 15 Million Tons Disposed - Waste Disposal Mark Shows Success Cleaning Up River Corridor July 9, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Cameron Hardy, DOE, (509) 376-5365 Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov Mark McKenna, WCH, (509) 372-9032 media@wch-rcc.com RICHLAND, Wash. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its contractors have disposed of 15 million tons of contaminated material at the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF) since the facility began operations in 1996. Removing contaminated material and providing for its safe disposal prevents contaminants from reaching the groundwater and the Columbia River. ERDF receives contaminated soil, demolition debris, and solid waste from

498

Radioactive material in the West Lake Landfill: Summary report  

SciTech Connect

The West Lake Landfill is located near the city of St. Louis in Bridgeton, St. Louis County, Missouri. The site has been used since 1962 for disposing of municipal refuse, industrial solid and liquid wastes, and construction demolition debris. This report summarizes the circumstances of the radioactive material in the West Lake Landfill. The radioactive material resulted from the processing of uranium ores and the subsequent by the AEC of processing residues. Primary emphasis is on the radiological environmental aspects as they relate to potential disposition of the material. It is concluded that remedial action is called for. 8 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

none,

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Sanitary Landfill groundwater monitoring report. First quarter 1993  

SciTech Connect

This report contains analytical data for samples taken during first quarter 1993 from wells of the LFW series located at the Sanitary Landfill at the Savannah River Site. The data are submitted in reference to the Sanitary Landfill Operating Permit (DWP-087A). The report presents monitoring results that equaled or exceeded the Safe Drinking Water Act final Primary Drinking Water Standards (PDWS) or screening levels, established by the US Environmental Protection Agency, the South Carolina final Primary Drinking Water Standards for lead or the SRS flagging criteria.

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Parameters for landfill-liner leak-rate model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PARAMETERS FOR LANDFILL-LINER LEAK-RATE MODEL A Thesis by STEVEN CARLTON BAHRT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University i n partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985 Major... Subject: Civil Engineering PARAMETERS FOR LANDFILL-LINER LEAK-RATE MODEL A Thesis by STEVEN CARLTON BAHRT Approved as to style and content by: Rob nt Lytto (Co-Cha' man of C mmittee) ayne Dunl p (Member) Kink W. Brown (Co-Chairman of Committee...

Bahrt, Steven Carlton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z