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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program, Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) Overview Jim Francfort AVTA Principle Investigator Local Climate Leadership Summit May...

2

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - PHEV and HEV Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne is a major player in the Department of Energy's (DOE's) plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) energy storage research and development (R&D) program. DOE has...

3

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - PHEV Modeling - Control Strategy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Control Strategy Assessment of PHEVs Control Strategy Assessment of PHEVs A generic global optimization algorithm for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) powertrain flows has been developed based on the Bellman optimality principle. Optimization results are used to isolate control patterns, both dependent and independent of the cycle characteristics, in order to develop real-time control strategies in Simulink/Stateflow. These controllers are then implemented in PSAT to validate their performances. Heuristic optimization algorithms (such as DIRECT or genetic algorithms) are then used to tune the parameters of the real-time controller implemented in PSAT. The control strategy development process is described below. PHEV control strategy development process diagram Control Strategy Development Process

4

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Plug-In Hybrid Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

5

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - PHEV Modeling - Component Requirement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Requirement Definition for PHEVs Requirement Definition for PHEVs One of the main objectives of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle R&D Plan (2.2Mb pdf) is to "determine component development requirements" through simulation analysis. PSAT has been used to design and evaluate a series of PHEVs to define the requirements of different components, focusing on the energy storage system's power and energy. Several vehicle classes (including midsize car, crossover SUV and midsize SUV) and All Electric Range (AER from 10 to 40 miles) were considered. The preliminary simulations were performed at Argonne using a pre-transmission parallel hybrid configuration with an energy storage system sized to run the Urban Dynanometer Driving Schedule (UDDS) in electric mode. Additional powertrain configurations and sizing algorithm are currently being considered. Trade-off studies are being performed as ways to achieve some level of performance while easing requirements on one area or another. As shown in the figure below, the FreedomCAR Energy Storage Technical Team selected a short term and a long term All Electric Range (AER) goals based on several vehicle simulations.

6

Learning from Consumers: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and Consumer Education, Outreach, and Market Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and thetechnology: California's electric vehicle program. Scienceand Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options for a Compact

Kurani, Kenneth S; Axsen, Jonn; Caperello, Nicolette; Davies, Jamie; Stillwater, Tai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - PHEV Modeling - Component Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technologies Impact on Fuel Efficiency Technologies Impact on Fuel Efficiency One of the main objectives of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) R&D Plan (2.2Mb pdf) is to "determine component development requirements" through simulation analysis. Overall fuel efficiency is affected by component technologies from a component sizing and efficiency aspect. To properly define component requirements, several technologies for each of the main components (energy storage, engine and electric machines) are being compared at Argonne using PSAT. Per the R&D plan, several Li-ion battery materials are being modeled to evaluate their impacts on fuel efficiency and vehicle mass. Different Power to Energy ratios are being considered to understand the relative impact of power and energy.

8

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Prototype Testing and Evaluation -- Data Collection and Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2003, EPRI and DaimlerChrysler initiated a collaborative effort to develop and demonstrate a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) version of DaimlerChrysler's Sprinter commercial van. PHEV Sprinters were subsequently developed and used in limited fleet testing at several locations within the United States. As part of this effort, EPRI took on the responsibility of managing data acquisition and analysis. This report describes the data analysis toolkit EPRI created as part of an ongoing effort to eval...

2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

9

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - PHEV Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

configurations for advanced vehicles. Thus, developing fuel cells and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) requires accurate, flexible simulation tools. Argonne undertook a...

10

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - PHEV Modeling - Model Validation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chevy Equinox, Ford Explorer) have been validated within 1% of fuel economy. Hybrid electric vehicles (e.g., Honda Insight, Toyota Prius, Lexus RX400h) have been validated...

11

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - PHEV Modeling - Powertrain Configuration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Impact of Powertrain Configuration on Fuel Efficiency To evaluate the fuel efficiency potential of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, it is necessary to compare the advantages and drawbacks of several powertrain configurations, ranging from power split to parallel and series. PSAT offers the unique ability to simulate and compare hundreds of powertrain configurations. The goal of the effort is to define the most promising configurations depending on the particular usage. Component sizes, fuel efficiency and cost will be used to make appropriate decisions. The configurations currently being considered include, but are not limited to: Pre-transmission parallel HEV Post-transmission parallel HEV Power split HEV (including THS II and GM 2 Mode) Series The figure below shows an example comparison of three powertrain configurations (parallel, series and power split).

12

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experiences with plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs). At theA.A. (2007) “Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles for a SustainableAssessment of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles on Electric Utilities

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Learning from Consumers: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and Consumer Education, Outreach, and Market Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity and actual electricity demand to recharge PHEVs.the Project households, electricity demand to recharge theirAs with weekday electricity demand, most actual weekend

Kurani, Kenneth S; Axsen, Jonn; Caperello, Nicolette; Davies, Jamie; Stillwater, Tai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

A rule-based energy management strategy for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) combine the power from an electric motor with that from an internal combustion engine to propel the vehicle. The HEV electric motor is typically powered by a battery pack through power electronics. The HEV battery is recharged ...

Harpreetsingh Banvait; Sohel Anwar; Yaobin Chen

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vehicles was the Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Act of 1976.for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications,and Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options EPRI, Palo

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rd International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exposition (Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications, Sandiaand Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options EPRI, Palo

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) Program is actively evaluating plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) technology and researching the most critical technical barriers to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for use in hybrid vehicles as well as electric-only vehicles · Hardware-in-the-loop evaluation of advanced is actively evaluating plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) technology and researching the most critical and capacitor scaling, thermal management, capacity, and power fade · Using hybrid electric vehicles in fleets

Kemner, Ken

18

Learning from Consumers: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and Consumer Education, Outreach, and Market Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Whys early market for hybrid electric vehicles. TransportationDriving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S.

Kurani, Kenneth S; Axsen, Jonn; Caperello, Nicolette; Davies, Jamie; Stillwater, Tai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of advanced batteries for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (Advanced Lithium-Ion Batteries for Plug- in Hybrid-Electric Vehicles,

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Learning from Consumers: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and Consumer Education, Outreach, and Market Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1) HEV to PHEV Conversions Toyota Priuses were purchased anddisplays based on the stock Toyota Prius Energy Monitor andin the 2007 and 2008 model Toyota Priuses converted to PHEVs

Kurani, Kenneth S; Axsen, Jonn; Caperello, Nicolette; Davies, Jamie; Stillwater, Tai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Electric Vehicles (PHEV and BEV) in the German Electricity System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

generation) or to use storage devices. Furthermore, it will be discussed whether the load profile of plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) can be controlled by an indirect energy...

22

PHEV and Other Electric Drive Testing Results and Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity PHEV and Other Electric Drive Testing Results and Resources Jim Francfort Electric Drive Session Alternative Fuels & Vehicles Las Vegas, Nevada -...

23

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early Market for Hybrid Electric Vehicles. ” TransportationVehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and WhyPower Assist Hybrid Electric Vehicles, and Plug-in Hybrid

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

A Multi Agent-Based Framework for Simulating Household PHEV Distribution and Electric Distribution Network Impact  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The variation of household attributes such as income, travel distance, age, household member, and education for different residential areas may generate different market penetration rates for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). Residential areas with higher PHEV ownership could increase peak electric demand locally and require utilities to upgrade the electric distribution infrastructure even though the capacity of the regional power grid is under-utilized. Estimating the future PHEV ownership distribution at the residential household level can help us understand the impact of PHEV fleet on power line congestion, transformer overload and other unforeseen problems at the local residential distribution network level. It can also help utilities manage the timing of recharging demand to maximize load factors and utilization of existing distribution resources. This paper presents a multi agent-based simulation framework for 1) modeling spatial distribution of PHEV ownership at local residential household level, 2) discovering PHEV hot zones where PHEV ownership may quickly increase in the near future, and 3) estimating the impacts of the increasing PHEV ownership on the local electric distribution network with different charging strategies. In this paper, we use Knox County, TN as a case study to show the simulation results of the agent-based model (ABM) framework. However, the framework can be easily applied to other local areas in the US.

Cui, Xiaohui [ORNL; Liu, Cheng [ORNL; Kim, Hoe Kyoung [ORNL; Kao, Shih-Chieh [ORNL; Tuttle, Mark A [ORNL; Bhaduri, Budhendra L [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Batteries - PHEV Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE has implemented a relatively new program to develop plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) technologies, with the goal of achieving the equivalent of a 40-mile...

26

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

detour? Presentation at SAE 2008 Hybrid Vehicle Technologiesdrive vehicles, including plug-in hybrid vehicles. -vi-including plug-in hybrid vehicles. 7.0 References Anderman,

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Learning from Consumers: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and Consumer Education, Outreach, and Market Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T. et al. (2006), Plug-in hybrid vehicle analysis, Milestonein conversions of hybrid vehicles are being made availablein Table 3: household hybrid vehicle ownership, respondents’

Kurani, Kenneth S; Axsen, Jonn; Caperello, Nicolette; Davies, Jamie; Stillwater, Tai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Summary of PHEV Systems Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report, a technical update, summarizes research on plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) impacts on the utility system. The update also provides an analysis of the costs of PHEVs to consumers.

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

29

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessment for Battery Electric Vehicles, PowerAssist Hybrid Electric Vehicles, and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles. EPRI: Palo Alto, CA.

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Advanced Batteries for PHEVs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes testing conducted on two different types of batteriesVARTA nickel-metal hydride and SAFT lithium ionused in the Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Sprinter program. EPRI and DaimlerChrysler developed a PHEV concept for the Sprinter Van to reduce the vehicle's emissions, fuel consumption, and operating costs while maintaining equivalent or superior functionality and performance. The PHEV Sprinter was designed to operate in both a pure electric mode and a charge-sustaining hybrid ...

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

31

Learning from Consumers: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and Consumer Education, Outreach, and Market Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production of further hybrid cars. ” Similarly, Larry Rhodesbuying Priuses as commute cars—hybrids were “fairly popularhybrid vehicles are being made available to (predominately new-car

Kurani, Kenneth S; Axsen, Jonn; Caperello, Nicolette; Davies, Jamie; Stillwater, Tai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Learning from Consumers: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and Consumer Education, Outreach, and Market Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and “turtles” displaying regenerative energy both perverselythe type of energy (Gas, Electric, Electric Regenerative) by

Kurani, Kenneth S; Axsen, Jonn; Caperello, Nicolette; Davies, Jamie; Stillwater, Tai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Semiotics and Advanced Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Why it Matters to Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Early Markets For Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Institute ofon Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Technology,and Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options. Electric

Heffner, Reid R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - Prototypes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prototypes Prototypes A PHEV prototype being prepared for testing. A plug-in electric vehicle (PHEV) prototype is prepared for testing at Argonne National Laboratory. What is a PHEV? A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, or PHEV, is similar to today's hybrid electric vehicles on the market today, but with a larger battery that is charged both by the vehicle's gasoline engine and from plugging into a standard 110 V electrical outlet for a few hours each day. PHEVs and HEVs both use battery-powered motors and gasoline-powered engines for high fuel efficiency, but PHEVs can further reduce fuel usage by employing electrical energy captured through daily charging. Prototype as Rolling Test Bed As part of Argonne's multifaceted PHEV research program, Argonne researchers have constructed a PHEV prototype that serves as a rolling test

35

Using GPS Travel Data to Assess the Real World Driving Energy Use of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Highlights opportunities using GPS travel survey techniques and systems simulation tools for plug-in hybrid vehicle design improvements, which maximize the benefits of energy efficiency technologies.

Gonder, J.; Markel, T.; Simpson, A.; Thornton, M.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Learning from Consumers: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and Consumer Education, Outreach, and Market Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contractor who pays the electricity bill] doesn’t even equalhow much their higher electricity bill was due to their ACshe would be checking her electricity bill to make sure. [It

Kurani, Kenneth S; Axsen, Jonn; Caperello, Nicolette; Davies, Jamie; Stillwater, Tai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Incorporation of plug in hybrid electric vehicle in the reactive power market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper incorporates plug in hybrid electric vehicle(PHEV) in the reactive power market. The PHEV capability curve is first extracted considering the operation limit of PHEV. In order to offer price in the reactive power market

H. Feshki Farahani; H. A. Shayanfar; M. S. Ghazizadeh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

District (2006) “PHEV Prius Test Program by SacramentoMotor Sales (2006) Photo: Toyota Prius Interior, Electronichttp://www.toyota.com/prius/interior.html Accessed 2 April

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Interpersonal Influence within Car Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Participants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Whyearly market for hybrid electric vehicles." TransportationPlug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Optimization of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) is a vehicle powered by a combination of an internal combustion engine and an electric motor with a battery… (more)

Golbuff, Sam

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Environmental Impacts of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The environmental and electric utility system impacts from plug?in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) infiltration in Michigan were examined from years 2010 to 2030 as part… (more)

Camere, Aaron; Schafer, Allison; de Monasterio, Caroline

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

PHEV_Report_#1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(GMC) officially launched the Plug'n Go initiative to assess the opportunity that plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) technology may represent here in Vermont. CVPS converted...

43

An Optimal Fuzzy Logic Power Sharing Strategy for Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Optimal Fuzzy Logic Power Sharing Strategy for Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicles F. Khoucha1 presents a fuzzy logic controller for a Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV). The PHEV required driving economy, and emissions. Index Terms--Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), Internal Combustion Engine

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

44

Electricity Demand of PHEVs Operated by Private Households and Commercial Fleets: Effects of Driving and Charging Behavior  

SciTech Connect

Automotive and energy researchers have made considerable efforts to predict the impact of plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV) charging on the electrical grid. This work has been done primarily through computer modeling and simulation. The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), in partnership with the University of California at Davis’s Institute for Transportation Stuides, have been collecting data from a diverse fleet of PHEVs. The AVTA is conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory for DOE’s Vehicle Technologies Program. This work provides the opportunity to quantify the petroleum displacement potential of early PHEV models, and also observe, rather than simulate, the charging behavior of vehicle users. This paper presents actual charging behavior and the resulting electricity demand from these PHEVs operating in undirected, real-world conditions. Charging patterns are examined for both commercial-use and personal-use vehicles. Underlying reasons for charging behavior in both groups are also presented.

John Smart; Matthew Shirk; Ken Kurani; Casey Quinn; Jamie Davies

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

PHEV Technology Analysis at Argonne  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

estimate the impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles estimate the impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) in the U.S., Argonne National Laboratory is analyzing typical travel behavior, new technology penetration patterns, and pathways for vehicle fuels. The analysis will lead to better understanding of: * Potential buyers of PHEVs, * Patterns of charging PHEV battery packs, * Potential for petroleum use reduction, and * Well-to-wheel energy and greenhouse gas emissions implications. Heart of the market concept Combining PHEV simulation results with evaluation of travel behavior from a national survey, Argonne researchers developed the "Heart of the Market" concept. This concept eliminates vehicles that travel less than a PHEV's electric range per day, since a PHEV is not

46

Optimal Charging of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles in Smart Grids Somayeh Sojoudi Steven H. Low  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Optimal Charging of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles in Smart Grids Somayeh Sojoudi Steven H. Low Abstract-- Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) play an important role in making a greener future-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are becoming more popular as we move toward a greener future. PHEVs

Low, Steven H.

47

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - Plug-in Hybrid ElectricVehicles...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

INL and testing partner Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) and Extended Range Electric Vehicle (EREV) testing as part...

48

Hybrid & electric vehicle technology and its market feasibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV), Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) technology and their sales forecasts are discussed. First, the current limitations and the future potential ...

Jeon, Sang Yeob

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Penetration Scenarios  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report examines the economic drivers, technology constraints, and market potential for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) in the U.S. A PHEV is a hybrid vehicle with batteries that can be recharged by connecting to the grid and an internal combustion engine that can be activated when batteries need recharging. The report presents and examines a series of PHEV market penetration scenarios. Based on input received from technical experts and industry representative contacted for this report and data obtained through a literature review, annual market penetration rates for PHEVs are presented from 2013 through 2045 for three scenarios. Each scenario is examined and implications for PHEV development are explored.

Balducci, Patrick J.

2008-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

50

Fault-Delayed Voltage Recovery Control with Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an investigation into the impact that plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) could have to mitigate the effects of fault-delayed voltage recovery. The energy storage and conversion system in PHEVs, given potentially high levels ...

Curtis Roe; Yousef M. Al-Abdullah; Dhwanil Desai; George K. Stefopoulos; George J. Cokkinides; A. P. Meliopoulos

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Nonlinear and linear models for losses of plug in hybrid electric vehicle: A computation approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents nonlinear and linear models for the losses of Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV). An accurate model to calculate the PHEV losses for just one vehicle is not remarkable. However

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Energy efficient navigation management for hybrid electric vehicles on highways  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) are gaining popularity due to their economical efficiency as well as their contribution to environmental preservation. PHEVs allow the driver to use exclusively electric power for 30-50 miles of driving, and switch ... Keywords: formal model, navigation plan, plug-in hybrid vehicle

Mohammad Ashiqur Rahman, Qi Duan, Ehab Al-Shaer

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Environmental Analysis--Electric Sector Modeling of CO2 Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Electric Power Research Institute has initiated a comprehensive collaborative study to quantify the environmental impacts of electric transportation, specifically with respect to plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). This technical update describes the adaptation of the EPRI electric sector model for the analysis of CO2 emissions from the charging on PHEVs on the electrical grid. A "PHEV Base Case" was developed using baseline assumptions from the "EPRI Base Case," a nominal set of key assumptio...

2006-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

54

Field Testing Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles with Charge Control...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

over future resource availability and the environmental impacts of continued fossil-fuel consumption. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), electric vehicles, and fuel cell...

55

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

42] Hakim, D. (2005) “Hybrid-Car Tinkerers Scoff at No-Plug-J. (1969) “…and a Commuter Car with Hybrid Drive. ” PopularCars Initiative (2007) Photo: Technical Photos of Plug-In Hybrids and

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Flex-Fuel Vehicles Including E85, Plug-in Hybrids Peakfor-flex-fuel-vehicles-including-e85-plug-in- hybrids-peak-

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

A STOCHASTIC OPTIMAL CONTROL APPROACH FOR POWER MANAGEMENT IN PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A STOCHASTIC OPTIMAL CONTROL APPROACH FOR POWER MANAGEMENT IN PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES.e., the engine and electric machines) in a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). Existing studies focus mostly. INTRODUCTION This paper examines plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), i.e., automobiles that can extract

Krstic, Miroslav

58

Oregon E.V. Road Map - Electric Drive Vehicle (PHEVs) Testing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oregon E.V. Road Map - Electric Drive Vehicle (PHEVs) Testing Activities and Results Jim Francfort E.V. Road Map - Preparing Oregon for the Introduction of Electric Vehicles...

59

Investigation of Enabling Wind Generations Employing Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Investigation of Enabling Wind Generations Employing Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Mahdi challenges such as mitigating variability. Plug-in hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) have been considered the variability in wind generation could be to use a fleet of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs

60

Design of a Lithium-ion Battery Pack for PHEV Using a Hybrid Optimization Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design of a Lithium-ion Battery Pack for PHEV Using a Hybrid Optimization Method Nansi Xue1 Abstract This paper outlines a method for optimizing the design of a lithium-ion battery pack for hy- brid, volume or material cost. Keywords: Lithium-ion, Optimization, Hybrid vehicle, Battery pack design

Papalambros, Panos

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Power System Level Impacts of PHEVs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents investigations into various aspects of how plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) could impact the electric power system. The investigation is focused on impacts on the power system infrastructure and impacts on the primary fuel ...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Residential Customer Rate Options for Electric Vehicles and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes results of a survey conducted in the summer of 2006 that examined residential electric rates available to Californias electric vehicle EV and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle PHEV customers.

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

63

Correlating Dynamometer Testing to In-Use Fleet Results of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Standard dynamometer test procedures are currently being developed to determine fuel and electrical energy consumption of plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEV). To define a repeatable test procedure, assumptions were made about how PHEVs will be driven and charged. This study evaluates these assumptions by comparing results of PHEV dynamometer testing following proposed procedures to actual performance of PHEVs operating in the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) North American PHEV Demonstration fleet. Results show PHEVs in the fleet exhibit a wide range of energy consumption, which is not demonstrated in dynamometer testing. Sources of variation in performance are identified and examined.

John G. Smart; Sera White; Michael Duoba

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrain Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the prospects for near-term commercialization of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) assuming that current commercial hybrid electric vehicle powertrains are scaled up to allow increased electric range. Based on the strict performance requirements of the automotive industry and the requirements for minimizing emissions, these near-term PHEVs will require the engine to be used, even during grid-powered operation. The reasons for this are explained by comparing the acceleration cap...

2006-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

65

PHEV Impacts on Regional Systems (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This poster, submitted for the CU Energy Initiative/NREL Symposium on October 3, 2006 in Boulder, Colorado, looks at the impacts, emissions, and avoided gasoline due to plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs).

Parks, K.; Denholm, P.; Markel, T.

2006-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

66

2010 Plug-In Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010 Plug-In Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Research Center TRANSPORTATION ENERGY RESEARCH PIER The PlugIn and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Researc Center conducts research in: · Battery second life applications. Plugin hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and electric vehicles (EVs) are promising

67

OR Forum---Modeling the Impacts of Electricity Tariffs on Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging, Costs, and Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have been touted as a transportation technology with lower fuel costs and emissions impacts than other vehicle types. Most analyses of PHEVs assume that the power system operator can either directly or indirectly ... Keywords: environment, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, pricing

Ramteen Sioshansi

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Argonne TTRDC - APRF - Research Activities - Benchmarking PHEVs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APRF Research Activities: Benchmarking of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) Argonne engineer Mike Duoba Engineer Mike Duoba evaluates a vehicle in Argonne's APRF. Now that plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are emerging, it is important to test, characterize and benchmark the wide variety of PHEV designs and control strategies. In the APRF, engineers benchmark PHEVs by combining testing and data analysis to characterize the vehicles' efficiency, performance, and emissions. The vehicles are evaluated over many cycles to find control strategies under a variety of operating conditions. Argonne researchers test PHEVs over cold-start and hot-start urban dynamometer driving schedule (UDDS) and highway cycles in both charge-depletion and charge-sustaining operation. Full-charge tests, as

69

Electricity Grid: Impacts of Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and battery electric vehicles (BEVs), are among the most promising of the advanced vehicle

Yang, Christopher; McCarthy, Ryan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Impact of Dynamic PHEVs Load on Renewable Sources based Distribution System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.Roy@student.adfa.edu.au Abstract--In this paper, charging effect of dynamic Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) is presented Plug in Hybrid Electrical Vehicles (PHEVs) can be a strong alternative to the conventional vehicle due to advances in bat- tery and hybrid-electric power technologies, coupled with the financial, energy security

Pota, Himanshu Roy

71

TransForum v8n2 - Drive Cycle Impact on PHEVs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

studied the impact of drive cycles on the component requirements of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Results showed that vehicles designed to satisy the urban...

72

Argonne TTRDC - APRF - Research Activities - Through-the-Road Parallel PHEV  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Through-the-Road (TTR) Parallel PHEV Through-the-Road (TTR) Parallel PHEV ttr on dyno Argonne engineers developed the TTR to be the Lab's own PHEV development platform. As the demand for affordable and efficient PHEVs grows, so does the need to develop cost-effective PHEV technologies and components that are optimized for efficiency and performance. Argonne researchers needed a test platform for evaluating PHEV components, so they created the Through-the-Road (TTR) parallel hybrid electric vehicle. Argonne engineers accomplished this by transforming a Saturn Vue into an in-house PHEV development platform. The TTR allows researchers to run performance tests on a wide variety of PHEV technologies. The TTR is used to test PHEV components and to develop test procedures for competitive evaluation of those technologies. The Argonne-developed control

73

Argonne Transportation - Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Research Capabilities at Argonne National Laboratory and Idaho National Laboratory Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Research Capabilities at Argonne National Laboratory and Idaho National Laboratory Prius testing by Argonne researchers. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) Program is actively evaluating plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) technology and researching the most critical technical barriers to commercializing PHEVs. Argonne National Laboratory, working together with Idaho National Laboratory, leads DOE's efforts to evaluate PHEVs and PHEV technology with the nation’s best vehicle technology evaluation tools and expertise. These two national laboratories are Centers for Excellence that combine state-of-the-art facilities; world-class expertise; long-term collaborative relationships with other DOE national laboratories, industry, and academia;

74

The Early U.S. Market for PHEVs: Anticipating Consumer Awareness, Recharge Potential, Design Priorities and Energy Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and theand Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options for a Compactof Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: Nationwide

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

The challenges and policy options for integrating plug-in hybrid electric vehicle into the electric grid  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle may be prime candidates for the next generation of vehicles, but they offer several technological and economical challenges. This article assesses current progress in PHEV technology, market trends, research needs, challenges ahead and policy options for integrating PHEVs into the electric grid. (author)

Srivastava, Anurag K.; Annabathina, Bharath; Kamalasadan, Sukumar

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

Plug-in-hybrid electric vehicles park as virtual DVR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plug-in-hybrid electric vehicles park as virtual DVR F.R. Islam and H.R. Pota Dynamic voltage in a real-life low voltage power system. Hybrid-electric power technologies and advances in batteries make electric vehicle (PHEV) batteries and their bidirectional charger in a charging station as virtual dynamic

Pota, Himanshu Roy

77

U.S. Hybrid and Lithium Technology Corporation GAIA Battery: Initial System Characterization for the Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Yard Tractor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diesel-powered tractors, called yard tractors, are used to shuttle cargo trailers from point to point within the confines of a port facility, terminal, or yard. A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) yard tractor design was proposed as a way to reduce operation emissions and diesel fuel use. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has designed and constructed a first-of-a-kind PHEV yard tractor. Southern California Edison's (SCE's) Electric Vehicle Technical Center performed PHEV yard tractor bat...

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Fuel Use Reporting Methods and Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Fuel Use Reporting Methods and Results report provides real world test results from PHEV operations and testing in 20 United States and Canada. Examples are given that demonstrate the significant variations operational parameters can have on PHEV petroleum use. In addition to other influences, PHEV mpg results are significantly impacted by driver aggressiveness, cold temperatures, and whether or not the vehicle operator has charged the PHEV battery pack. The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) has been testing plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) for several years. The AVTA http://avt.inl.gov/), which is part of DOE’s Vehicle Technology Program, also tests other advanced technology vehicles, with 12 million miles of total test vehicle and data collection experience. The Idaho National Laboratory is responsible for conducting the light-duty vehicle testing of PHEVs. Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation also supports the AVTA by conducting PHEV and other types of testing. To date, 12 different PHEV models have been tested, with more than 600,000 miles of PHEV operations data collected.

James E. Francfort

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

PHEV Market Introduction Workshop Summary Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Market Introduction Study Workshop was attended by approximately forty representatives from various stakeholder organizations. The event took place at the Hotel Helix in Washington, D.C. on December 1-2, 2008. The purpose of this workshop was to follow-up last year s PHEV Value Proposition Study, which showed that indeed, a viable and even thriving market for these vehicles can exist by the year 2030. This workshop aimed to identify immediate action items that need to be undertaken to achieve a successful market introduction and ensuing large market share of PHEVs in the U.S. automotive fleet.

Weber, Adrienne M [ORNL; Sikes, Karen R [ORNL

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

A simulation-based assessment of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle architectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are vehicles that utilize power from both an internal combustion engine and an electric battery that can be recharged from the grid. Simulations of series, parallel, and split-architecture ...

Sotingco, Daniel (Daniel S.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles A new study released on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) found there is enough electric capacity to power plug-in vehicles across much of the nation. The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability supported researchers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to develop this study that found "off-peak" electricity production and transmission capacity could fuel 84 percent of the 198 million cars, pickup trucks, and sport utility vehicles (SUVs) in the nation if they were plug-in hybrid electrics. This is the first review of what the impacts would be of very high market penetrations of PHEVs. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles More Documents & Publications

82

Interactions between Electric-drive Vehicles and the Power Sector in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: NationwideBEVs or plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) requirescell vehicle; HEV = Hybrid electric vehicle; ICE = Internal

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Advanced Battery Testing for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Sprinter van is a Plug-in Hybrid-Electric Vehicle (PHEV) developed by EPRI and Daimler for use in delivering cargo, carrying passengers, or fulfilling a variety of specialty applications. This report provides details of testing conducted on two different types of batteries used in these vehicles: VARTA nickel-metal hydride batteries and SAFT lithium ion batteries. Testing focused on long-term battery durability, using a test profile developed to simulate the battery duty cycle of a PHEV Sprinter

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

84

The Efficacy of Electric Vehicle Time-of-Use Rates in Guiding Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging Behavior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a series of analyses that seek to enhance understanding of the extent to which time-of-use (TOU) rates can economically incentivize off-peak charging of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV). The total cost of fueling a PHEV under modeled and real-world TOU rates is compared to the total cost of fueling a PHEV under constant rates. Time-resolved vehicle energy consumption and fueling costs for a variety of PHEV designs are derived from travel survey data and charging behavior models...

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

85

Research Experience with a Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This technical document reports on the exploratory research conducted by NREL on PHEV technology using a Toyota Prius that has been converted to a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle. The data includes both controlled dynamometer and on-road test results, particularly for hilly driving. The results highlight the petroleum savings and benefits of PHEV technology.

Markel, T.; Pesaran, A.; Kelly, K.; Thornton, M.; Nortman, P.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Stavanger, Norway, May 13-16, 2009 Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the charging of PHEV batteries. Keywords: Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, lithium battery, battery cost by examining the main technical, cost and infrastructure issues faced by PHEVs, and shows that these issues are yielding to progress. The paper concludes that this progress, in combination with the rising costs

California at Davis, University of

87

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Petroleum Displacement: A Regional Economic Impact Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interest in alternatives to conventional vehicles such as plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) has risen because of the environmental and energy security concerns associated with petroleum dependence, but what would be the economic impact of the widespread use of such vehicles? This study quantified the regional economic impacts associated with an increased market penetration of PHEVs in the household vehicle market.

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

88

Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? July 9, 2009 - 1:34am Addthis In Tuesday's entry, Francis X. Vogel from the Wisconsin Clean Cities coalition told us about his plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). He's one of the lucky few in the United States to drive one of these vehicles because factory-made PHEV's are not yet available to the public. Regular hybrid electric vehicles, however, are widely available and seem to be more and more common on the roads. Do you drive a hybrid electric vehicle? Please share your experience with it in the comments. Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a topic related to energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment with your answers, and also feel free to respond to other comments.

89

Analysis of Integration of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles in the Distribution Grid.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The new generation of cars are so-called Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) which has the grid connection capability. By the introduction of these vehicles,… (more)

Karnama, Ahmad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Prospects for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in the United States : a general equilibrium analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) could significantly contribute to reductions in carbon dioxide emissions from personal vehicle transportation in the United States over the next century, depending on the ...

Karplus, Valerie Jean

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyzed distribution of vehicles by last trip ending time for each region Generated PHEVs load profiles PSAT were adjusted to on-road values for this analysis PHEV miles driven by grid electricity and onWell-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Amgad

92

Description of a Basic Vehicle Control Strategy for a Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes development of a basic powertrain control strategy for a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV).

2007-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

93

Probabilistic Modelling of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Impacts on Distribution Networks in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probabilistic Modelling of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Impacts on Distribution Networks Committee Probabilistic Modelling of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Impacts on Distribution Networks) Departmental Member Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) represent a promising future direction

Victoria, University of

94

246 Int. J. Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2011 Copyright 2011 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

246 Int. J. Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2011 Copyright © 2011 Inderscience@ieee.org *Corresponding author Abstract: This paper studies the power management of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle-based strategy; quadratic programming; QP; plug-in hybrid electric vehicle; PHEV; electric and hybrid vehicles

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

95

Influence of driving patterns on life cycle cost and emissions of hybrid and plug-in electric vehicle powertrains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

assessment Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles a b s t r a c t We compare the potential of hybrid, extended-range plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles to reduce lifetime cost and life cycle greenhouse gas, 2009­04­11). Plug-in vehicles, including plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and battery electric

Michalek, Jeremy J.

96

TransForum v9n2 - PHEV Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PHEVs Need Further Research for Acceptable Payback PHEVs Need Further Research for Acceptable Payback Fuel Consumption as a Function of Distance PHEV graph In order to double the fuel displacement obtained with a 4kWh battery, the battery size had to be quadrupled to 16kWh. Aymeric Rousseau and his team at Argonne studied the impact of real-world drive cycles on the fuel efficiency and costs of different plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) configurations. They found that while different PHEV configurations all demonstrated great potential for replacing gasoline (with less gasoline consumed as more electricity was used), the benefit of adding a larger battery seemed to decrease with increasing battery pack size. "In general, the larger the battery, the more fuel saved," said Rousseau, principal investigator of the vehicle modeling and simulation

97

Prospects for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles in the United States and Japan: A General Equilibrium Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) may offer a potential near term, low carbon alternative to today's gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles. A representative vehicle technology that runs on electricity in addition ...

Reilly, John M.

98

Jing Jin Electric JJE | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (EV) and other electrically driven automobiles. References Jing-Jin Electric (JJE)1...

99

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 3: California Assessment Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

National interest in electric transportation, particularly plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), has increased dramatically in recent years. Much of this interest is based on the potential of PHEVs to reduce petroleum consumption, reduce greenhouse gases, and improve air quality. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) previously conducted a detailed assessment of the impacts on air quality and greenhouse gas emissions if significant numbers of Americans drove cars that were fueled by the power ...

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

100

Battery Test Manual For Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This battery test procedure manual was prepared for the United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Program. It is based on technical targets established for energy storage development projects aimed at meeting system level DOE goals for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV). The specific procedures defined in this manual support the performance and life characterization of advanced battery devices under development for PHEV’s. However, it does share some methods described in the previously published battery test manual for power-assist hybrid electric vehicles. Due to the complexity of some of the procedures and supporting analysis, a revision including some modifications and clarifications of these procedures is expected. As in previous battery and capacitor test manuals, this version of the manual defines testing methods for full-size battery systems, along with provisions for scaling these tests for modules, cells or other subscale level devices.

Not Available

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Battery Test Manual For Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This battery test procedure manual was prepared for the United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Program. It is based on technical targets established for energy storage development projects aimed at meeting system level DOE goals for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV). The specific procedures defined in this manual support the performance and life characterization of advanced battery devices under development for PHEV’s. However, it does share some methods described in the previously published battery test manual for power-assist hybrid electric vehicles. Due to the complexity of some of the procedures and supporting analysis, a revision including some modifications and clarifications of these procedures is expected. As in previous battery and capacitor test manuals, this version of the manual defines testing methods for full-size battery systems, along with provisions for scaling these tests for modules, cells or other subscale level devices.

Jeffrey R. Belt

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Battery Test Manual For Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This battery test procedure manual was prepared for the United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Program. It is based on technical targets established for energy storage development projects aimed at meeting system level DOE goals for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV). The specific procedures defined in this manual support the performance and life characterization of advanced battery devices under development for PHEV’s. However, it does share some methods described in the previously published battery test manual for power-assist hybrid electric vehicles. Due to the complexity of some of the procedures and supporting analysis, a revision including some modifications and clarifications of these procedures is expected. As in previous battery and capacitor test manuals, this version of the manual defines testing methods for full-size battery systems, along with provisions for scaling these tests for modules, cells or other subscale level devices.

Jeffrey R. Belt

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Optimizing and Diversifying the Electric Range of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles for U.S. Drivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To provide useful information for automakers to design successful plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) products and for energy and environmental analysts to understand the social impact of PHEVs, this paper addresses the question of how many of the U.S. consumers, if buying a PHEV, would prefer what electric ranges. The Market-oriented Optimal Range for PHEV (MOR-PHEV) model is developed to optimize the PHEV electric range for each of 36,664 sampled individuals representing U.S. new vehicle drivers. The optimization objective is the minimization of the sum of costs on battery, gasoline, electricity and refueling hassle. Assuming no battery subsidy, the empirical results suggest that: 1) the optimal PHEV electric range approximates two thirds of one s typical daily driving distance in the near term, defined as $450/kWh battery delivered price and $4/gallon gasoline price. 2) PHEVs are not ready to directly compete with HEVs at today s situation, defined by the $600/kWh battery delivered price and the $3-$4/gallon gasoline price, but can do so in the near term. 3) PHEV10s will be favored by the market over longer-range PHEVs in the near term, but longer-range PHEVs can dominate the PHEV market if gasoline prices reach as high as $5-$6 per gallon and/or battery delivered prices reach as low as $150-$300/kWh. 4) PHEVs can become much more attractive against HEVs in the near term if the electric range can be extended by only 10% with multiple charges per day, possible with improved charging infrastructure or adapted charging behavior. 5) the impact of a $100/kWh decrease in battery delivered prices on the competiveness of PHEVs against HEVs can be offset by about $1.25/gallon decrease in gasoline prices, or about 7/kWh increase in electricity prices. This also means that the impact of a $1/gallon decrease in gasoline prices can be offset by about 5/kWh decrease in electricity prices.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Yard Tractor: Field Demonstration Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fuel economy results for US Hybrid's plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) yard tractor, like all PHEVs, is sensitive to the manner in which the operator uses the vehicle and also to different duty cycles, terrain, temperature, and the frequency of charging. At three of the ports, the PHEV operated with a fuel consumption of 1.0 to 1.2 gallons per hour (gph) and 2.3 to 5.7 miles per gallon (mpg) in various duty modes. At the Port of Savannah, where it was solidly operated for only a week, it obtaine...

2011-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

105

Consumer Ready Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Andrew Shabashevich, Douglas Saucedo, Terrence Williams, Christian Reif, Cuyler Lattoraca,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Year 3 Consumer Ready Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Andrew Shabashevich, Douglas Saucedo as an all-electric vehicle, and a as a charge-sustaining, or a conventional Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) is developing a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) to participate in the 2007 Challenge X competition

California at Davis, University of

106

Advanced Batteries for Electric-Drive Vehicles: A Technology and Cost-Effectiveness Assessment for Battery Electric Vehicles, Power Assist Hybrid Electric Vehicles, and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Availability of affordable advanced battery technology is a crucial challenge to the growth of the electric-drive vehicle (EDV) market. This study assesses the state of advanced battery technology for EDVs, which include battery electric vehicles (BEVs), power assist hybrid electric vehicles (HEV 0s -- hybrids without electric driving range), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and fuel cell vehicles. The first part of this study presents assessments of current battery performance and cycle life ca...

2004-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

107

Preliminary Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Value Elements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) are expected to start production in late 2010. Their batteries are a potential energy storage resource that could supply power to the grid in peak hours or provide ancillary services by providing emergency reserves and helping regulate voltage and frequency during short-term variations in the power balance. This report estimates what the value of PHEV-supplied ancillary services and electric power would have been in the California Independent System Operator (ISO)...

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Yard Tractor: Performance Characterization Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diesel-powered tractors, called yard tractors, are used to shuttle cargo trailers from point to point within the confines of a port facility, terminal, or yard. A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) yard tractor design was proposed as a way to reduce operation emissions and diesel fuel use. In 2007, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) began work on the design and construction of a first-of-a-kind PHEV yard tractor. In 2009, Southern California Edison (SCE) tested the completed PHEV yard trac...

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

109

Effect of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles charging/discharging management on planning of smart microgrid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles(PHEVs) are recently being widely touted as a viable alternative to conventional vehicles due to their environment friendly and energy-wise features. Assuming that moving into the future

S. M. Hakimi; S. M. Moghaddas-Tafreshi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* Batteries * Batteries * Downloadable Dynanometer Database (D3) * Modeling * Prototypes * Testing * Assessment PSAT Smart Grid Student Competitions Technology Analysis Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC Argonne Leads DOE's Effort to Evaluate Plug-in Hybrid Technology aprf testing Argonne's Advanced Powertrain Research Facility (APRF) enables researchers to conduct vehicle benchmarking and testing activities that provide data critical to the development and commercialization of next-generation vehicles such as PHEVs. Argonne's Research Argonne National Laboratory is the U.S. Department of Energy's lead national laboratory for the simulation, validation and laboratory evaluation of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and the advanced

111

U.S. Department of Energy Vehicle Technologies Program -- Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity -- Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are under evaluation by various stake holders to better understand their capability and potential benefits. PHEVs could allow users to significantly improve fuel economy over a standard HEV and in some cases, depending on daily driving requirements and vehicle design, have the ability to eliminate fuel consumption entirely for daily vehicle trips. The cost associated with providing charge infrastructure for PHEVs, along with the additional costs for the on-board power electronics and added battery requirements associated with PHEV technology will be a key factor in the success of PHEVs. This report analyzes the infrastructure requirements for PHEVs in single family residential, multi-family residential and commercial situations. Costs associated with this infrastructure are tabulated, providing an estimate of the infrastructure costs associated with PHEV deployment.

Kevin Morrow; Donald Darner; James Francfort

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Deriving In-Use PHEV Fuel Economy Predictions from Standardized Test Cycle Results: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Explores the issue of how to apply an adjustment method to raw plug-in hybrid vehicle dynamometer test results to better estimate PHEVs' in-use fuel and electricity consumption.

Gonder, J.; Brooker, A.; Carlson, R.; Smart, J.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Demand response control for PHEV charging stations by dynamic price adjustments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of their economical operation and low environmental pollution, PHEVs (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles) are rapidly substituting gasoline vehicles. However, there still exist obstacles to proliferating their use, such as their relatively short ...

Daehyun Ban; George Michailidis; Michael Devetsikiotis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Tacomo Power/AVTA PHEV Demand and Energy Cost Demonstration ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

facility. This report provides results from charging of several PHEVs at the Tacoma Power facility as a preliminary assessment of how PHEVs will impact the electricity grid....

115

Technology Roadmap - Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Roadmap - Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Technology Roadmap - Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Technology Roadmap - Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Focus Area: Vehicles Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Resource Type: Reports, Journal Articles, & Tools Website: www.iea.org/papers/2011/EV_PHEV_Roadmap.pdf The primary role of this EV/PHEV Roadmap is to help establish a vision for technology deployment; set approximate, feasible targets; and identify steps required to get there. It also outlines the role for different stakeholders and how they can work together to reach common objectives, and the role for government policy to support the process. References

116

Assessing Energy Impact of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Significance of Daily Distance Variation over Time and Among Drivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate assessment of the impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) on petroleum and electricity consumption is a necessary step toward effective policies. Variations in daily vehicle miles traveled (VMT) over time and among drivers affect PHEV energy impact, but the significance is not well understood. This paper uses a graphical illustration, a mathematical derivation, and an empirical study to examine the cause and significance of such an effect. The first two methods reveal that ignoring daily variation in VMT always causes underestimation of petroleum consumption and overestimation of electricity consumption by PHEVs; both biases increase as the assumed PHEV charge-depleting (CD) range moves closer to the average daily VMT. The empirical analysis based on national travel survey data shows that the assumption of uniform daily VMT over time and among drivers causes nearly 68% underestimation of expected petroleum use and nearly 48% overestimation of expected electricity use by PHEVs with a 40-mi CD range (PHEV40s). Also for PHEV40s, consideration of daily variation in VMT over time but not among drivers similar to the way the utility factor curve is derived in SAE Standard SAE J2841 causes underestimation of expected petroleum use by more than 24% and overestimation of expected electricity use by about 17%. Underestimation of petroleum use and overestimation of electricity use increase with larger-battery PHEVs.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

High Power SiC Modules for HEVs and PHEVs Abstract--With efforts to reduce the cost, size, and thermal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and electric machinery (APEEM) activity is to develop technology towards achieving overall electric propulsion of these components. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) cost targets for the APEEM as established by DOE for PHEVs. Research in eliminating the low temperature loop and using the engine coolant for the APEEM shows

Tolbert, Leon M.

118

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Evaluation and Test Data Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2003, EPRI and DaimlerChrysler initiated a three-part collaborative effort to 1) develop and demonstrate a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) based on the Sprinter vehicle platform, 2) deliver prototype Sprinter PHEVs to fleets within the United States, and 3) explore these benefits in the context of commercial fleet use. As part of this effort, EPRI assumed the responsibility of managing data acquisition and analysis. This report focuses on evaluation of the PHEV Sprinter tested by the South Coas...

2009-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

119

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Sprinter Van Prototype: Initial Test Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI and DaimlerChrysler are collaborating on a major program to design and demonstrate plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) based on the Sprinter commercial van platform. This team developed a PHEV architecture and system design for the Sprinter Van. DaimlerChrysler is currently in the process of manufacturing six prototype PHEV Sprinters at its Competency Center for Emissions-Free Vehicles (KEN) in Mannheim, Germany. Four of these prototype vehicles will be demonstrated for a three-year period at f...

2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

120

NREL: Fleet Test and Evaluation - Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Drive Systems Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Drive Systems NREL's Fleet Test and Evaluation Team conducts performance evaluations of electric and plug-in hybrid electric drive systems in medium-duty trucks operated by fleets. Photo of medium-duty truck with the words "All Electric Vehicle" and "Plug-in" written on its side. NREL evaluates the performance of electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in fleet operation. All-electric vehicles (EVs) use batteries to store the electric energy that powers the motor. EV batteries are charged by plugging the vehicle into an electric power source. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are powered by an internal combustion engine that can run on conventional or alternative fuels and an electric motor that uses energy stored in batteries. The vehicle can be

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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121

Electricity Grid: Impacts of Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Regionalsuch as plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and batteryof Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles on Electric Utilities and

Yang, Christopher; McCarthy, Ryan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

An Activity-Based Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Energy and Emissions Using One-Day Travel Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

market, plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) are now consideredof Current Knowledge of Hybrid Vehicle Characteristics andalso called PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle) because they are

Recker, W. W.; Kang, J. E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Hybrid Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing Activities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) testing in order to provide benchmark data for technology modeling and research and development programs, and to be an independent source of test data for fleet managers and other early adaptors of advanced-technology vehicles. To date, the AVTA has completed baseline performance testing on 12 HEV models and accumulated 2.7 million fleet testing miles on 35 HEVs. The HEV baseline performance testing includes dynamometer and closed-track testing to document HEV performance in a controlled environment. During fleet testing, two of each HEV model accumulate 160,000 test miles within 36 months, during which maintenance and repair events and fuel use were recorded. Three models of PHEVs, from vehicle converters Energy CS and Hymotion and the original equipment manufacturer Renault, are currently in testing. The PHEV baseline performance testing includes 5 days of dynamometer testing with a minimum of 26 test drive cycles, including the Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule, the Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule, and the US06 test cycle, in charge-depleting and charge-sustaining modes. The PHEV accelerated testing is conducted with dedicated drivers for 4,240 miles, over a series of 132 driving loops that range from 10 to 200 miles over various combinations of defined 10-mile urban and 10-mile highway loops, with 984 hours of vehicle charging. The AVTA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program. These AVTA testing activities were conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory and Electric Transportation Applications, with dynamometer testing conducted at Argonne National Laboratory. This paper discusses the testing methods and results.

Donald Karner

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Anticipating PHEV Energy Impacts in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contribute to peak electricity demand (depending on a givenadditions to daytime electricity demand from PHEVs. However,Their higher peak electricity demand estimate is due to

Axsen, John; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Hybrid Electric Power Train and Control Strategies Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) offer societal benefits through their ability to displace the use of petroleum fuels. Petroleum fuels represent a polluting and politically destabilizing energy carrier. PHEV technologies can move transportation away from petroleum fuel sources by enabling domestically generated electricity and liquids bio-fuels to serve as a carrier for transportation energy. Additionally, the All-Electric-Range (AER) offered by PHEVs can significantly reduce demand for expensive and polluting liquid fuels. The GATE funding received during the 1998 through 2004 funding cycle by the UC Davis Hybrid Electric Vehicle Center (HEVC) was used to advance and train researchers in PHEV technologies. GATE funding was used to construct a rigorous PHEV curriculum, provide financial support for HEVC researchers, and provide material support for research efforts. A rigorous curriculum was developed through the UC Davis Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering Department to train HEVC researchers. Students' research benefited from this course work by advancing the graduate student researchers' understanding of key PHEV design considerations. GATE support assisted HEVC researchers in authoring technical articles and producing patents. By supporting HEVC researchers multiple Master's theses were written as well as journal articles and publications. The topics from these publications include Continuously Variable Transmission control strategies and PHEV cross platform controls software development. The GATE funding has been well used to advance PHEV systems. The UC Davis Hybrid Electric Vehicle Center is greatly appreciative for the opportunities GATE funding provided. The goals and objectives for the HEVC GATE funding were to nourish engineering research in PHEV technologies. The funding supplied equipment needed to allow researchers to investigate PHEV design sensitivities and to further optimize system components. Over a dozen PHEV researchers benefited from the GATE funding and produced journal articles and intellectual property as a result. The remainder of this document outlines the productivity resulting from GATE funds. The topics include the following: GATE Hybrid Vehicle Systems Related Courses; Students Supported; Publications; and Patents. A discussion regarding the HEVC accomplishments with respect to the GATE funding goals is provided in the conclusion.

Andrew Frank

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

126

Locating PHEV Exchange Stations in V2G  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are an environmentally friendly technology that is expected to rapidly penetrate the transportation system. Renewable energy sources such as wind and solar have received considerable attention as clean power options for future generation expansion. However, these sources are intermittent and increase the uncertainty in the ability to generate power. The deployment of PHEVs in a vehicle-to-grid (V2G) system provide a potential mechanism for reducing the variability of renewable energy sources. For example, PHEV supporting infrastructures like battery exchange stations that provide battery service to PHEV customers could be used as storage devices to stabilize the grid when renewable energy production is fluctuating. In this paper, we study how to best site these stations in terms of how they can support both the transportation system and the power grid. To model this problem we develop a two-stage stochastic program to optimally locate the stations prior to the realizat...

Pan, Feng; Berscheid, Alan; Izraelevitz, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Factors Affecting the Fuel Consumption of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Primary Factors that Impact the Fuel Consumption of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles RICHARD ‘BARNEY’ CARLSON, MATTHEW G. SHIRK Idaho National Laboratory 2525 N. Fremont Ave., Idaho Falls, ID 83415, USA richard.carlson@inl.gov Abstract Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) have proven to significantly reduce petroleum consumption as compared to conventional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICE) by utilizing electrical energy for propulsion. Through extensive testing of PHEV’s, analysis has shown that the fuel consumption of PHEV’s is more significantly affected than conventional vehicles by either the driver’s input or by the environmental inputs around the vehicle. Six primary factors have been identified that significantly affect the fuel consumption of PHEV’s. In this paper, these primary factors are analyzed from on-road driving and charging data from over 200 PHEV’s throughout North America that include Hymotion Prius conversions and Hybrids Plus Escape conversions. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) tests plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV) vehicles as part of its conduct of DOE’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA). In collaboration with its 75 testing partners located in 23 states and Canada, INL has collected data on 191 PHEVs, comprised of 12 different PHEV models (by battery manufacturer). With more than 1 million PHEV test miles accumulated to date, the PHEVs are fleet, track, and dynamometer tested. Six Primary Factors The six primary factors that significantly impact PHEV fuel consumption are listed below. Some of the factors are unique to plug-in vehicles while others are common for all types of vehicles. 1. Usable Electrical Energy is dictated by battery capacity, rate of depletion as well as when the vehicle was last plugged-in. With less electrical energy available the powertrain must use more petroleum to generate the required power output. 2. Driver Aggressiveness impacts the fuel consumption of nearly all vehicles but this impact is greater for high efficiency powertrains. 3. Accessory Utilization like air conditioner systems or defroster systems can use a significant amount of additional energy that is not contributing to the propulsion of the vehicle. 4. Route Type such as city, highway or mountainous driving can affect the fuel consumption since it can involve stop and go driving or ascending a step grade. 5. Cold Start / Key On includes control strategies to improve cold start emissions as well as control routines to quickly supply cabin heat. These control strategies are necessary for consumer acceptance even though fuel consumption is negatively impacted. 6. Ambient Temperature can reduce the efficiency of many powertrain components by significantly increasing fluid viscosity. For vehicles that utilize battery energy storage systems, the temperature of the battery system can greatly affect the power output capability therefore reducing its system effectiveness. The analysis of the six primary factors that impact fuel economy of PHEV’s helped to identify areas of potential further development as well as may assist in informing drivers of these effects in an effort to modify driving behavior to reduce petroleum consumption.

Richard "Barney" Carlson; Matthew G. Shirk; Benjamin M. Geller

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions 1015325 Final Report, July 2007 Each of the ... scenarios showed significant Greenhouse Gas reductions due to PHEV fleet penetration ... ... PHEVs adoption results in significant reduction in the consumption of petroleum fuels. ' ' DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITIES THIS DOCUMENT WAS PREPARED BY THE ORGANIZATION(S) NAMED BELOW AS AN ACCOUNT OF WORK SPONSORED OR COSPONSORED BY THE ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE, INC. (EPRI). NEITHER EPRI, ANY MEMBER OF EPRI, ANY COSPONSOR, THE ORGANIZATION(S) BELOW, NOR ANY PERSON ACTING

129

One Million PHEVs by 2015: Challenges for Advanced Battery Technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lithium-ion batteries for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) have recently reached commercialization. R&D focus remains on cost reduction and improved abuse tolerance. DOE's battery R&D program has evolved to focus on high-energy plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) systems. Li-ion represents the most promising chemistry for PHEVs because of its high energy density, high power capability and potential longer life & lower cost. Lack of domestic battery manufacturing remains a significant challenge. The 2009 Economic Recovery Act provides significant funding to address it. Long term success of PHEV & electric vehicle (EV) Li-ion batteries depends on further cost reduction and performance/life/safety improvements. Multi-physics CAE modeling is key enabler.

Smith, K.

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

130

FY12 annual Report: PHEV Engine Control and Energy Management Strategy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objectives are: (1) Investigate novel engine control strategies targeted at rapid engine/catalyst warming for the purpose of mitigating tailpipe emissions from plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) exposed to multiple engine cold start events; (2) Optimize integration of engine control strategies with hybrid supervisory control strategies in order to reduce cold start emissions and fuel consumption of PHEVs; and (3) Ensure that development of new vehicle technologies complies with existing emission standards.

Chambon, Paul H [ORNL

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Well-to-wheels analysis of energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are being developed for mass production by the automotive industry. PHEVs have been touted for their potential to reduce the US transportation sector's dependence on petroleum and cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by (1) using off-peak excess electric generation capacity and (2) increasing vehicles energy efficiency. A well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis - which examines energy use and emissions from primary energy source through vehicle operation - can help researchers better understand the impact of the upstream mix of electricity generation technologies for PHEV recharging, as well as the powertrain technology and fuel sources for PHEVs. For the WTW analysis, Argonne National Laboratory researchers used the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model developed by Argonne to compare the WTW energy use and GHG emissions associated with various transportation technologies to those associated with PHEVs. Argonne researchers estimated the fuel economy and electricity use of PHEVs and alternative fuel/vehicle systems by using the Powertrain System Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) model. They examined two PHEV designs: the power-split configuration and the series configuration. The first is a parallel hybrid configuration in which the engine and the electric motor are connected to a single mechanical transmission that incorporates a power-split device that allows for parallel power paths - mechanical and electrical - from the engine to the wheels, allowing the engine and the electric motor to share the power during acceleration. In the second configuration, the engine powers a generator, which charges a battery that is used by the electric motor to propel the vehicle; thus, the engine never directly powers the vehicle's transmission. The power-split configuration was adopted for PHEVs with a 10- and 20-mile electric range because they require frequent use of the engine for acceleration and to provide energy when the battery is depleted, while the series configuration was adopted for PHEVs with a 30- and 40-mile electric range because they rely mostly on electrical power for propulsion. Argonne researchers calculated the equivalent on-road (real-world) fuel economy on the basis of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency miles per gallon (mpg)-based formulas. The reduction in fuel economy attributable to the on-road adjustment formula was capped at 30% for advanced vehicle systems (e.g., PHEVs, fuel cell vehicles [FCVs], hybrid electric vehicles [HEVs], and battery-powered electric vehicles [BEVs]). Simulations for calendar year 2020 with model year 2015 mid-size vehicles were chosen for this analysis to address the implications of PHEVs within a reasonable timeframe after their likely introduction over the next few years. For the WTW analysis, Argonne assumed a PHEV market penetration of 10% by 2020 in order to examine the impact of significant PHEV loading on the utility power sector. Technological improvement with medium uncertainty for each vehicle was also assumed for the analysis. Argonne employed detailed dispatch models to simulate the electric power systems in four major regions of the US: the New England Independent System Operator, the New York Independent System Operator, the State of Illinois, and the Western Electric Coordinating Council. Argonne also evaluated the US average generation mix and renewable generation of electricity for PHEV and BEV recharging scenarios to show the effects of these generation mixes on PHEV WTW results. Argonne's GREET model was designed to examine the WTW energy use and GHG emissions for PHEVs and BEVs, as well as FCVs, regular HEVs, and conventional gasoline internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs). WTW results are reported for charge-depleting (CD) operation of PHEVs under different recharging scenarios. The combined WTW results of CD and charge-sustaining (CS) PHEV operations (using the utility factor method) were also examined and reported. According to the utility factor method, the share of veh

Elgowainy, A.; Han, J.; Poch, L.; Wang, M.; Vyas, A.; Mahalik, M.; Rousseau, A.

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

132

Costs and Emissions Associated with Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging in the Xcel Energy Colorado Service Territory  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The combination of high oil costs, concerns about oil security and availability, and air quality issues related to vehicle emissions are driving interest in plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). PHEVs are similar to conventional hybrid electric vehicles, but feature a larger battery and plug-in charger that allows electricity from the grid to replace a portion of the petroleum-fueled drive energy. PHEVs may derive a substantial fraction of their miles from grid-derived electricity, but without the range restrictions of pure battery electric vehicles. As of early 2007, production of PHEVs is essentially limited to demonstration vehicles and prototypes. However, the technology has received considerable attention from the media, national security interests, environmental organizations, and the electric power industry. The use of PHEVs would represent a significant potential shift in the use of electricity and the operation of electric power systems. Electrification of the transportation sector could increase generation capacity and transmission and distribution (T&D) requirements, especially if vehicles are charged during periods of high demand. This study is designed to evaluate several of these PHEV-charging impacts on utility system operations within the Xcel Energy Colorado service territory.

Parks, K.; Denholm, P.; Markel, T.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

TransForum v8n2 - U.S.-Sweden Joint PHEV Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PHEV Research The Argonne Smart Charge System Looking to jointly develop new plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV) technology and accelerate its consumer acceptance and...

134

Anticipating PHEV Energy Impacts in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas emissions from plug-in hybrid vehicles: Implications forMarkel et al. , Plug-in hybrid vehicle analysis, MilestoneU.S. market, plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) are touted as

Axsen, John; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Test Profile Development for the Evaluation of Battery Cycle Life for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI and DaimlerChrysler have developed a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) concept for the DaimlerChrysler Sprinter Van in an effort to reduce the emissions, fuel consumption, and operating costs of the vehicle while maintaining equivalent or superior functionality and performance. This report describes the development of a test profile to evaluate the life cycle of the batteries for the PHEV vehicle.

2004-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

136

DOE Announces $30 Million for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Projects |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 Million for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle 0 Million for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Projects DOE Announces $30 Million for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Projects June 12, 2008 - 1:30pm Addthis Adds Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle to Department's Fleet WASHINGTON - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Andy Karsner today announced up to $30 million in funding over three years for three cost-shared Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) demonstration and development projects. The selected projects will accelerate the development of PHEVs capable of traveling up to 40 miles without recharging, which includes most daily roundtrip commutes and satisfies 70 percent of the average daily travel in the U. S. The projects will also address critical barriers to achieving

137

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Interim Report: Phase I Scenario Evaluation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) offer significant improvements in fuel economy, convenient low-cost recharging capabilities, potential environmental benefits, and decreased reliance on imported petroleum. However, the cost associated with new components (e.g., advanced batteries) to be introduced in these vehicles will likely result in a price premium to the consumer. This study aims to overcome this market barrier by identifying and evaluating value propositions that will increase the qualitative value and/or decrease the overall cost of ownership relative to the competing conventional vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) of 2030 During this initial phase of this study, business scenarios were developed based on economic advantages that either increase the consumer value or reduce the consumer cost of PHEVs to assure a sustainable market that can thrive without the aid of state and Federal incentives or subsidies. Once the characteristics of a thriving PHEV market have been defined for this timeframe, market introduction steps, such as supportive policies, regulations and temporary incentives, needed to reach this level of sustainability will be determined. PHEVs have gained interest over the past decade for several reasons, including their high fuel economy, convenient low-cost recharging capabilities, potential environmental benefits and reduced use of imported petroleum, potentially contributing to President Bush's goal of a 20% reduction in gasoline use in ten years, or 'Twenty in Ten'. PHEVs and energy storage from advanced batteries have also been suggested as enabling technologies to improve the reliability and efficiency of the electric power grid. However, PHEVs will likely cost significantly more to purchase than conventional or other hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), in large part because of the cost of batteries. Despite the potential long-term savings to consumers and value to stakeholders, the initial cost of PHEVs presents a major market barrier to their widespread commercialization. The purpose of this project is to identify and evaluate value-added propositions for PHEVs that will help overcome this market barrier. Candidate value propositions for the initial case study were chosen to enhance consumer acceptance of PHEVs and/or compatibility with the grid. Potential benefits of such grid-connected vehicles include the ability to supply peak load or emergency power requirements of the grid, enabling utilities to size their generation capacity and contingency resources at levels below peak. Different models for vehicle/battery ownership, leasing, financing and operation, as well as the grid, communications, and vehicle infrastructure needed to support the proposed value-added functions were explored during Phase 1. Rigorous power system, vehicle, financial and emissions modeling were utilized to help identify the most promising value propositions and market niches to focus PHEV deployment initiatives.

Sikes, Karen R [ORNL; Markel, Lawrence C [ORNL; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Hinds, Shaun [Sentech, Inc.; DeVault, Robert C [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

NREL: Vehicle Systems Analysis - Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles NREL's vehicle systems analysts work to advance the technology of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), also known as grid-connected or grid-charged hybrids. Technology Targets and Metrics Analysis We use our Technical Targets Tool to determine pathways for maximizing the potential national impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. This assessment includes consideration of how consumers will value the new vehicle technology based on attributes such as: Acceleration Fuel economy and consumption Cargo capacity Cost. We use the resulting competitiveness index to predict the vehicle's market penetration rate. Then, we can create a total national benefits picture after adding in other factors such as: Existing fleet turnover

139

An innovation and policy agenda for commercially competitive plug-in hybrid electric vehicles This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on-peak charging uneconomical and off-peak charging very attractive. However, unless battery prices is smaller than the marginal vehicle costs, likely slowing PHEV market penetration in California. We also if PHEV adoption becomes mainstream. Keywords: plug-in, hybrid, electric vehicle, battery, charging

Kammen, Daniel M.

140

U.S. Department of Energy -- Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing and Demonstration Activities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) tests plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) in closed track, dynamometer and onroad testing environments. The onroad testing includes the use of dedicated drivers on repeated urban and highway driving cycles that range from 10 to 200 miles, with recharging between each loop. Fleet demonstrations with onboard data collectors are also ongoing with PHEVs operating in several dozen states and Canadian Provinces, during which trips- and miles-per-charge, charging demand and energy profiles, and miles-per-gallon and miles-per-kilowatt-hour fuel use results are all documented, allowing an understanding of fuel use when vehicles are operated in charge depleting, charge sustaining, and mixed charge modes. The intent of the PHEV testing includes documenting the petroleum reduction potential of the PHEV concept, the infrastructure requirements, and operator recharging influences and profiles. As of May 2008, the AVTA has conducted track and dynamometer testing on six PHEV conversion models and fleet testing on 70 PHEVs representing nine PHEV conversion models. A total of 150 PHEVs will be in fleet testing by the end of 2008, all with onboard data loggers. The onroad testing to date has demonstrated 100+ miles per gallon results in mostly urban applications for approximately the first 40 miles of PHEV operations. The primary goal of the AVTA is to provide advanced technology vehicle performance benchmark data for technology modelers, research and development programs, and technology goal setters. The AVTA testing results also assist fleet managers in making informed vehicle purchase, deployment and operating decisions. The AVTA is part of DOE’s Vehicle Technologies Program. These AVTA testing activities are conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory and Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation, with Argonne National Laboratory providing dynamometer testing support. The proposed paper and presentation will discuss PHEV testing activities and results. INL/CON-08-14333

James E. Francfort; Donald Karner; John G. Smart

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

An Optimization Model for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The necessity for environmentally conscious vehicle designs in conjunction with increasing concerns regarding U.S. dependency on foreign oil and climate change have induced significant investment towards enhancing the propulsion portfolio with new technologies. More recently, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have held great intuitive appeal and have attracted considerable attention. PHEVs have the potential to reduce petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the commercial transportation sector. They are especially appealing in situations where daily commuting is within a small amount of miles with excessive stop-and-go driving. The research effort outlined in this paper aims to investigate the implications of motor/generator and battery size on fuel economy and GHG emissions in a medium-duty PHEV. An optimization framework is developed and applied to two different parallel powertrain configurations, e.g., pre-transmission and post-transmission, to derive the optimal design with respect to motor/generator and battery size. A comparison between the conventional and PHEV configurations with equivalent size and performance under the same driving conditions is conducted, thus allowing an assessment of the fuel economy and GHG emissions potential improvement. The post-transmission parallel configuration yields higher fuel economy and less GHG emissions compared to pre-transmission configuration partly attributable to the enhanced regenerative braking efficiency.

Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

The future of electric two-wheelers and electric vehicles in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SAE Hybrid Vehicle Symposium, San Diego CA, 13–14 February.emissions from a plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV) in China has2008. Nissan’s Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Program.

Weinert, Jonathan X.; Ogden, Joan M.; Sperling, Dan; Burke, Andy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Microsoft Word - EVS25_Primary Factors Impact Fuel Consumption of PHEV_FINAL.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EVS-25 Shenzhen, China, Nov. 5-9, 2010 EVS-25 Shenzhen, China, Nov. 5-9, 2010 The 25th World Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium & Exhibition Factors Affecting the Fuel Consumption of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Richard 'Barney' Carlson, Matthew G. Shirk, and Benjamin M. Geller Energy Storage and Transportation Systems Department, Idaho National Laboratory 2525 N. Fremont Ave., Idaho Falls, ID 83401, USA E-mail: richard.carlson@inl.gov Abstract- Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have proven to significantly reduce petroleum consumption when compared to conventional internal combustion engine vehicles by utilizing onboard electrical energy storage for propulsion. Through extensive testing of PHEVs, analysis has shown that fuel consumption of PHEVs is more

144

Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel and gasoline fueling. HEV technologies also have potential to be combined with alternative fuels and fuel cells to provide additional benefits. Future offerings might also include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

145

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Bus Demonstration: Long Island, New York  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Initiated in 2003, this plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) bus program has three major phases: Odyne/EPRI Design and Build Phases coupled with Odyne/Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) Demonstration Phase. This interim report describes completion of an initial demonstration with Long Island Bus (LI Bus) Mass Transit Authority (MTA).

2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

146

Multi-information integrated trip specific optimal power management for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) are widely received as a promising means of green mobility by utilizing more battery power. Recently, we have proposed a scheme of two-scale spatial-domain dynamic programming (DP) as a nearly global optimization ...

Yang Bin; Yaoyu Li; Qiuming Gong; Zhong-Ren Peng

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Power management of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles using neural network based trip modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), utilizing more battery power, has become a next-generation HEV with great promise of higher fuel economy. Global optimization charge-depletion power management would be desirable. This has so far been hampered ...

Qiuming Gong; Yaoyu Li; Zhongren Peng

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Performance, Charging, and Second-use Considerations for Lithium Batteries for Plug-in Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals andE. , Plug-in Hybrid-Electric Vehicle Powertrain Design andUC Davis Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Research Center and

Burke, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Optimal Planning and Operation of Smart Grids with Electric Vehicle Interconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles as Grid Resources,” Theutilizing plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Wang etof Recharging Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Locational

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Evaluation of Utility System Impacts and Benefits of Optimally Dispatched Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Revised)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles with the capability of being recharged from the grid may provide a significant decrease in oil consumption. These ''plug-in'' hybrids (PHEVs) will affect utility operations, adding additional electricity demand. Because many individual vehicles may be charged in the extended overnight period, and because the cost of wireless communication has decreased, there is a unique opportunity for utilities to directly control the charging of these vehicles at the precise times when normal electricity demand is at a minimum. This report evaluates the effects of optimal PHEV charging, under the assumption that utilities will indirectly or directly control when charging takes place, providing consumers with the absolute lowest cost of driving energy. By using low-cost off-peak electricity, PHEVs owners could purchase the drive energy equivalent to a gallon of gasoline for under 75 cents, assuming current national average residential electricity prices.

Denholm, P.; Short, W.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Evaluation of Utility System Impacts and Benefits of Optimally Dispatched Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

Hybrid electric vehicles with the capability of being recharged from the grid may provide a significant decrease in oil consumption. These ''plug-in'' hybrids (PHEVs) will affect utility operations, adding additional electricity demand. Because many individual vehicles may be charged in the extended overnight period, and because the cost of wireless communication has decreased, there is a unique opportunity for utilities to directly control the charging of these vehicles at the precise times when normal electricity demand is at a minimum. This report evaluates the effects of optimal PHEV charging, under the assumption that utilities will indirectly or directly control when charging takes place, providing consumers with the absolute lowest cost of driving energy. By using low-cost off-peak electricity, PHEVs owners could purchase the drive energy equivalent to a gallon of gasoline for under 75 cents, assuming current national average residential electricity prices.

Denholm, P.; Short, W.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Microsoft PowerPoint - SAE Hybrid 2013_Fleet and Infra Results...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

loggers and cellular communications data transfer * Objective is to demonstrate plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) pickup trucks in diverse fleets to understand customer...

153

PHEV/EV Li-Ion Battery Second-Use Project, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and full electric vehicles (Evs) have great potential to reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil and emissions. Battery costs need to be reduced by ~50% to make PHEVs cost competitive with conventional vehicles. One option to reduce initial costs is to reuse the battery in a second application following its retirement from automotive service and offer a cost credit for its residual value.

Newbauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Microsoft Word - PHEV Charge Demand - Tacomo Power INL_EXT-10...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

facility. This report provides results from charging of several PHEVs at the Tacoma Power facility as a preliminary assessment of how PHEVs will impact the electricity grid....

155

A Fully Directional Universal Power Electronic Interface for EV, HEV, and PHEV Applications  

SciTech Connect

This study focuses on a universal power electronic interface that can be utilized in any type of the electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Basically, the proposed converter interfaces the energy storage device of the vehicle with the motor drive and the external charger, in case of PHEVs. The proposed converter is capable of operating in all directions in buck or boost modes with a noninverted output voltage (positive output voltage with respect to the input) and bidirectional power flow.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Energy Basics: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

a hybrid electric vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel...

157

2011 Chevrolet Volt VIN 0815 Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), including testing the PHEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 12,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2011 Chevrolet Volt PHEV (VIN 1G1RD6E48BU100815). The battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (eTec) dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the AVTA for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the DOE.

Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk; Jeffrey Wishart

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles on power systems with demand response and wind power.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper uses a new unit commitment model which can simulate the interactions among plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), wind power, and demand response (DR). Four PHEV charging scenarios are simulated for the Illinois power system: (1) unconstrained charging, (2) 3-hour delayed constrained charging, (3) smart charging, and (4) smart charging with DR. The PHEV charging is assumed to be optimally controlled by the system operator in the latter two scenarios, along with load shifting and shaving enabled by DR programs. The simulation results show that optimally dispatching the PHEV charging load can significantly reduce the total operating cost of the system. With DR programs in place, the operating cost can be further reduced.

Wang, J.; Liu, C.; Ton, D.; Zhou, Y.; Kim, J.; Vyas, A. (Decision and Information Sciences); ( ES); (ED); (Kyungwon Univ.)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Battery Requirements for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Analysis and Rationale (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Slide presentation to EVS-23 conference describing NREL work to help identify appropriate requirements for batteries to be useful for plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEVs). Suggested requirements were submitted to the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium, which used them for a 2007 request for proposals. Requirements were provided both for charge-depleting mode and charge-sustaining mode and for high power/energy ratio and hige energy/power ration batteries for each (different modes of PHEV operation), along with battery and system level requirements.

Pesaran, A.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Study Released on the Potential of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study Released on the Potential of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Study Released on the Potential of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Study Released on the Potential of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles January 19, 2007 - 10:44am Addthis Study Released on the Potential of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles A new study released on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) found there is enough electric capacity to power plug-in vehicles across much of the nation. The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability supported researchers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to develop this study that found "off-peak" electricity production and transmission capacity could fuel 84 percent of the 198 million cars, pickup trucks, and sport utility vehicles (SUVs) in the nation if they were plug-in hybrid electrics. This is the first review of what the impacts

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Study Released on the Potential of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study Released on the Potential of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Study Released on the Potential of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Study Released on the Potential of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles January 19, 2007 - 10:44am Addthis Study Released on the Potential of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles A new study released on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) found there is enough electric capacity to power plug-in vehicles across much of the nation. The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability supported researchers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to develop this study that found "off-peak" electricity production and transmission capacity could fuel 84 percent of the 198 million cars, pickup trucks, and sport utility vehicles (SUVs) in the nation if they were plug-in hybrid electrics. This is the first review of what the impacts

162

Cooperative Regulation of Emissions Using Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We exploit new types of vehicles, such as Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs), to control transport related emissions in urban environments. By appropriately choosing whether single power-split hybrid vehicles should be operated in fully electric ...

A. Schlote, F. Hausler, T. Hecker, A. Bergmann, E. Crisostomi, I. Radusch, R. Shorten

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Hybrid electric vehicles TOPTEC  

SciTech Connect

This one-day TOPTEC session began with an overview of hybrid electric vehicle technology. Updates were given on alternative types of energy storage, APU control for low emissions, simulation programs, and industry and government activities. The keynote speech was about battery technology, a key element to the success of hybrids. The TOPEC concluded with a panel discussion on the mission of hybrid electric vehicles, with a perspective from industry and government experts from United States and Canada on their view of the role of this technology.

1994-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

164

Design Optimization of PHEV and EREV Powertrain Architectures - Performance and Efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project investigates design optimization of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) and extended range electric vehicle (EREV) powertrain architectures in terms of performance and efficiency. The motivation behind this initial effort is to develop a comparative method for assessing design choices for a given vehicle class that can be used to test those design choices through sensitivity analysis in later investigations.

2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

165

Promoting the Market for Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles: Role of Recharge Availability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Much recent attention has been drawn to providing adequate recharge availability as a means to promote the battery electric vehicle (BEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) market. The possible role of improved recharge availability in developing the BEV-PHEV market and the priorities that different charging options should receive from the government require better understanding. This study reviews the charging issue and conceptualizes it into three interactions between the charge network and the travel network. With travel data from 3,755 drivers in the National Household Travel Survey, this paper estimates the distribution among U.S. consumers of (a) PHEV fuel-saving benefits by different recharge availability improvements, (b) range anxiety by different BEV ranges, and (c) willingness to pay for workplace and public charging in addition to home recharging. With the Oak Ridge National Laboratory MA3T model, the impact of three recharge improvements is quantified by the resulting increase in BEV-PHEV sales. Compared with workplace and public recharging improvements, home recharging improvement appears to have a greater impact on BEV-PHEV sales. The impact of improved recharging availability is shown to be amplified by a faster reduction in battery cost.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure), Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles Hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles use electricity as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicle designs. This new generation of vehicles, often called electric drive vehicles, can be divided into three cat- egories: hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (EVs). Together, they have great potential to reduce U.S. petroleum use. Hybrid Electric Vehicles HEVs are powered by an internal combus- tion engine or other propulsion source that runs on conventional or alternative fuel and an electric motor that uses energy stored in a battery. The extra power provided by the electric motor allows for a smaller engine, resulting in better fuel

167

Impact of Component Sizing in Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles for Energy Resource and Greenhouse Emissions Reduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Widespread use of alternative hybrid powertrains currently appears inevitable and many opportunities for substantial progress remain. The necessity for environmentally friendly vehicles, in conjunction with increasing concerns regarding U.S. dependency on foreign oil and climate change, has led to significant investment in enhancing the propulsion portfolio with new technologies. Recently, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have attracted considerable attention due to their potential to reduce petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the transportation sector. PHEVs are especially appealing for short daily commutes with excessive stop-and-go driving. However, the high costs associated with their components, and in particular, with their energy storage systems have been significant barriers to extensive market penetration of PEVs. In the research reported here, we investigated the implications of motor/generator and battery size on fuel economy and GHG emissions in a medium duty PHEV. An optimization framework is proposed and applied to two different parallel powertrain configurations, pre-transmission and post-transmission, to derive the Pareto frontier with respect to motor/generator and battery size. The optimization and modeling approach adopted here facilitates better understanding of the potential benefits from proper selection of motor/generator and battery size on fuel economy and GHG emissions. This understanding can help us identify the appropriate sizing of these components and thus reducing the PHEV cost. Addressing optimal sizing of PHEV components could aim at an extensive market penetration of PHEVs.

Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions In the most comprehensive environmental assessment of electric transportation to date, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) are examining the greenhouse gas emissions and air quality impacts of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV). Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions More Documents & Publications Asia/ITS Vehicle Electrification is Key to Reducing Petroleum Dependency and Greenhouse Gas Emission Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

169

Impact of SiC Devices on Hybrid Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of SiC devices (as battery interface, motor controller, etc.) in a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) will benefit from their high-temperature capability, high-power density, and high efficiency. Moreover, the light weight and small volume will affect the whole power train system in a HEV, and thus performance and cost. In this work, the performance of HEVs is analyzed using PSAT (powertrain system analysis tool, vehicle simulation software). Power loss models of a SiC inverter are incorporated into PSAT powertrain models in order to study the impact of SiC devices on HEVs. Two types of HEVs are considered. One is the 2004 Toyota Prius HEV, the other is a plug-in HEV (PHEV), whose powertrain architecture is the same as that of the 2004 Toyota Prius HEV. The vehicle-level benefits from the introduction of the SiC devices are demonstrated by simulations. Not only the power loss in the motor controller but also those in other components in the vehicle powertrain are reduced. As a result, the system efficiency is improved and the vehicles consume less energy and emit less harmful gases. It also makes it possible to improve the system compactness with simplified thermal management system. For the PHEV, the benefits are more distinct. Especially, the size of battery bank can be reduced for optimum design.

Zhang, Hui [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transportation Association Conference Transportation Association Conference Vancouver, Canada December 2005 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing Jim Francfort U.S. Department of Energy - FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program, Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity INL/CON-05-00964 Presentation Outline * Background & goals * Testing partners * Hybrid electric vehicle testing - Baseline performance testing (new HEV models) - 1.5 million miles of HEV fleet testing (160k miles per vehicle in 36 months) - End-of-life HEV testing (rerun fuel economy & conduct battery testing @ 160k miles per vehicle) - Benchmark data: vehicle & battery performance, fuel economy, maintenance & repairs, & life-cycle costs * WWW information location Background * Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - part of the

171

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Performance Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the performance testing of two configurations of the Plug-in Hybrid-Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Sprinter van developed by EPRI and Daimler for use in delivering cargo, carrying passengers, or fulfilling a variety of specialty applications. One configuration, California 1 (CA-1) has a Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) battery pack. The other, California 2 (CA-2) has a Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) battery pack. California 2 showed better fuel and energy economy in all aspects of testing.

2008-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

172

PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE EMISSIONS UNDER FTP AND US06 CYCLES AT HIGH, AMBIENT, AND LOW TEMPERATURES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept of a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) is to displace consumption of gasoline by using electricity from the vehicle’s large battery pack to power the vehicle as much as possible with minimal engine operation. This paper assesses the PHEV emissions and operation. Currently, testing of vehicle emissions is done using the federal standard FTP4 cycle on a dynamometer at ambient (75°F) temperatures. Research was also completed using the US06 cycle. Furthermore, research was completed at high (95°F) and low (20°F) temperatures. Initial dynamometer testing was performed on a stock Toyota Prius under the standard FTP4 cycle, and the more demanding US06 cycle. Each cycle was run at 95°F, 75°F, and 20°F. The testing was repeated with the same Prius retrofi tted with an EnergyCS Plug-in Hybrid Electric system. The results of the testing confi rm that the stock Prius meets Super-Ultra Low Emission Vehicle requirements under current testing procedures, while the PHEV Prius under current testing procedures were greater than Super-Ultra Low Emission Vehicle requirements, but still met Ultra Low Emission Vehicle requirements. Research points to the catalyst temperature being a critical factor in meeting emission requirements. Initial engine emissions pass through with minimal conversion until the catalyst is heated to typical operating temperatures of 300–400°C. PHEVs also have trouble maintaining the minimum catalyst temperature throughout the entire test because the engine is turned off when the battery can support the load. It has been observed in both HEVs and PHEVs that the catalyst is intermittently unable to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions, which causes further emission releases. Research needs to be done to combat the initial emission spikes caused by a cold catalyst. Research also needs to be done to improve the reduction of nitrogen oxides by the catalyst system.

Seidman, M.R.; Markel, T.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Performance, Charging, and Second-use Considerations for Lithium Batteries for Plug-in Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals andE. , Plug-in Hybrid-Electric Vehicle Powertrain Design andLithium Batteries for Plug-in Electric Vehicles Andrew Burke

Burke, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Hybrid Electric and Pure Electric vehicle testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric and Pure Electric Vehicle Testing (Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity) Jim Francfort Discovery Center of Idaho - September 2005 INLCON-05-00693 HEV & EV Testing...

175

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology Focus Area: Electricity Topics: Policy Impacts Website: www.nrel.gov/vehiclesandfuels/vsa/pdfs/40485.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/cost-benefit-analysis-plug-hybrid-ele Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. Regulations: Fuel Efficiency Standards This paper presents a comparison of the costs and benefits of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) relative to hybrid electric and conventional vehicles. A detailed simulation model is used to predict

176

Energy Basics: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Fuels Printable Version Share this resource Fuels Vehicles Electric Vehicles Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Propane...

177

Bi-Directional DC-DC Converter for PHEV Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) require high power density energy storage system (ESS) for hybrid operation and high energy density ESS for Electric Vehicle (EV) mode range. However, ESS technologies to maximize power density and energy density simultaneously are not commercially feasible. The use of bi-directional DC-DC converter allows use of multiple energy storage, and the flexible DC-link voltages can enhance the system efficiency and reduce component sizing. This will improve fuel consumption, increase the EV mode range, reduce the total weight, reduce battery initial and life cycle cost, and provide flexibility in system design.

Abas Goodarzi

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

178

Examination of a PHEV Bi-Directional Charger System for V2G Reactive Power Compensation  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) potentially have the capability to fulfill the energy storage needs of the electric grid by supplying ancillary services such as reactive power compensation. However, in order to allow bidirectional power transfer, the PHEV battery charger should be designed to manage such capability. While many different battery chargers have been available since the inception of the first electric vehicles (EVs), an on-board, conductive charger with bidirectional power transferring capability have recently drawn attention due to their inherent advantages in charging accessibility, ease of use and efficiency. In this study, a reactive power compensation case study using the inverter dc-link capacitor is given when a PHEV battery is under charging operation. Finally, the impact of providing these services on the batteries is also explained.

Kisacikoglu, Mithat C [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Integrating plug-in electric vehicles into the electric power system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation contributes to our understanding of how plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and plug-in battery-only electric vehicles (EVs)—collectively termed plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs)—could be… (more)

Wu, Di

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

PHEV Energy Use Estimation: Validating the Gamma Distribution for Representing the Random Daily Driving Distance  

SciTech Connect

The petroleum and electricity consumptions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are sensitive to the variation of daily vehicle miles traveled (DVMT). Some studies assume DVMT to follow a Gamma distribution, but such a Gamma assumption is yet to be validated. This study finds the Gamma assumption valid in the context of PHEV energy analysis, based on continuous GPS travel data of 382 vehicles, each tracked for at least 183 days. The validity conclusion is based on the found small prediction errors, resulting from the Gamma assumption, in PHEV petroleum use, electricity use, and energy cost. The finding that the Gamma distribution is valid and reliable is important. It paves the way for the Gamma distribution to be assumed for analyzing energy uses of PHEVs in the real world. The Gamma distribution can be easily specified with very few pieces of driver information and is relatively easy for mathematical manipulation. Given the validation in this study, the Gamma distribution can now be used with better confidence in a variety of applications, such as improving vehicle consumer choice models, quantifying range anxiety for battery electric vehicles, investigating roles of charging infrastructure, and constructing online calculators that provide personal estimates of PHEV energy use.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Dong, Jing [ORNL; Liu, Changzheng [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Batteries Deployment Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Hybrids Plug-In Hybrids All-Electric Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles

182

Argonne TTRDC - TransForum v10n1 - Taking PHEVs Farther on a Single Battery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charging Ahead: Taking PHEVs Farther on a Single Battery Charge Charging Ahead: Taking PHEVs Farther on a Single Battery Charge Ultracapacitors Ultracapacitors will dramatically boost the power of lithium-ion batteries, enabling plug-in vehicles to travel much further on a single charge. Every six months, we're reminded to change the batteries in our household appliances: smoke alarms, flashlights and radios. But what if you had to change the battery in your plugin hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) just as often? Fortunately, researchers at Argonne may have found a way to exponentially increase the calendar and cycle lifetimes of lithium-ion batteries. Electric double-layer capacitors- typically referred to as ultracapacitors-have an energy density thousands of times greater than conventional capacitors and a power density hundreds of times greater than

183

“Smart” Frequency-Sensing Charge Controller for Electric Vehicles  

As plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and battery electric vehicles (BEVs) become more popular, they create additional demand for electricity. Their emergence also raises a host of issues regarding how, where and when car batteries should be ...

184

Well-to-wheels energy use and greenhouse gas emissions analysis of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory expanded the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model and incorporated the fuel economy and electricity use of alternative fuel/vehicle systems simulated by the Powertrain System Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) to conduct a well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis of energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). The WTW results were separately calculated for the blended charge-depleting (CD) and charge-sustaining (CS) modes of PHEV operation and then combined by using a weighting factor that represented the CD vehicle-miles-traveled (VMT) share. As indicated by PSAT simulations of the CD operation, grid electricity accounted for a share of the vehicle's total energy use, ranging from 6% for a PHEV 10 to 24% for a PHEV 40, based on CD VMT shares of 23% and 63%, respectively. In addition to the PHEV's fuel economy and type of on-board fuel, the marginal electricity generation mix used to charge the vehicle impacted the WTW results, especially GHG emissions. Three North American Electric Reliability Corporation regions (4, 6, and 13) were selected for this analysis, because they encompassed large metropolitan areas (Illinois, New York, and California, respectively) and provided a significant variation of marginal generation mixes. The WTW results were also reported for the U.S. generation mix and renewable electricity to examine cases of average and clean mixes, respectively. For an all-electric range (AER) between 10 mi and 40 mi, PHEVs that employed petroleum fuels (gasoline and diesel), a blend of 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline (E85), and hydrogen were shown to offer a 40-60%, 70-90%, and more than 90% reduction in petroleum energy use and a 30-60%, 40-80%, and 10-100% reduction in GHG emissions, respectively, relative to an internal combustion engine vehicle that used gasoline. The spread of WTW GHG emissions among the different fuel production technologies and grid generation mixes was wider than the spread of petroleum energy use, mainly due to the diverse fuel production technologies and feedstock sources for the fuels considered in this analysis. The PHEVs offered reductions in petroleum energy use as compared with regular hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). More petroleum energy savings were realized as the AER increased, except when the marginal grid mix was dominated by oil-fired power generation. Similarly, more GHG emissions reductions were realized at higher AERs, except when the marginal grid generation mix was dominated by oil or coal. Electricity from renewable sources realized the largest reductions in petroleum energy use and GHG emissions for all PHEVs as the AER increased. The PHEVs that employ biomass-based fuels (e.g., biomass-E85 and -hydrogen) may not realize GHG emissions benefits over regular HEVs if the marginal generation mix is dominated by fossil sources. Uncertainties are associated with the adopted PHEV fuel consumption and marginal generation mix simulation results, which impact the WTW results and require further research. More disaggregate marginal generation data within control areas (where the actual dispatching occurs) and an improved dispatch modeling are needed to accurately assess the impact of PHEV electrification. The market penetration of the PHEVs, their total electric load, and their role as complements rather than replacements of regular HEVs are also uncertain. The effects of the number of daily charges, the time of charging, and the charging capacity have not been evaluated in this study. A more robust analysis of the VMT share of the CD operation is also needed.

Elgowainy, A.; Burnham, A.; Wang, M.; Molburg, J.; Rousseau, A.; Energy Systems

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

185

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid...

186

Personalized driving behavior monitoring and analysis for emerging hybrid vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emerging electric-drive vehicles, such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and plug-in HEVs (PHEVs), hold the potential for substantial reduction of fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. User driving behavior, which varies from person ...

Kun Li; Man Lu; Fenglong Lu; Qin Lv; Li Shang; Dragan Maksimovic

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

The potential of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles to reduce petroleum use issues involved in developing reliable estimates.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper delineates the various issues involved in developing reliable estimates of the petroleum use reduction that would result from the wide-spread introduction of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Travel day data from the 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) were analyzed to identify the share of vehicle miles of travel (VMT) that could be transferred to grid electricity. Various PHEV charge-depleting (CD) ranges were evaluated, and 100% CD mode and potential blended modes were analyzed. The NHTS data were also examined to evaluate the potential for PHEV battery charging multiple times a day. Data from the 2005 American Housing Survey (AHS) were analyzed to evaluate the availability of garages and carports for at-home charging of the PHEV battery. The AHS data were also reviewed by census region and household location within or outside metropolitan statistical areas. To illustrate the lag times involved, the historical new vehicle market share increases for the diesel power train in France (a highly successful case) and the emerging hybrid electric vehicles in the United States were examined. A new vehicle technology substitution model is applied to illustrate a historically plausible successful new PHEV market share expansion. The trends in U.S. light-duty vehicle sales and light-duty vehicle stock were evaluated to estimate the time required for hypothetical successful new PHEVs to achieve the ultimately attainable share of the existing vehicle stock. Only when such steps have been accomplished will the full oil savings potential for the nation be achieved.

Vyas, A. D.; Santini, D. J.; Johnson, L. R.; Energy Systems

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Virginia EV Road Show - PHEV Operations and Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Virginia EV Road Show - PHEV Operations and Performance Jim Francfort Virginia Clean Cities and Hampton Roads Clean Cities Coalition - Virginia Electric Drive Road Show Poquoson,...

189

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Interim Report: Phase I Scenario Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) offer significant improvements in fuel economy, convenient low-cost recharging capabilities, potential environmental benefits, and decreased reliance on imported petroleum. However, the cost associated with new components (e.g., advanced batteries) to be introduced in these vehicles will likely result in a price premium to the consumer. This study aims to overcome this market barrier by identifying and evaluating value propositions that will increase the qualitative value and/or decrease the overall cost of ownership relative to the competing conventional vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) of 2030 During this initial phase of this study, business scenarios were developed based on economic advantages that either increase the consumer value or reduce the consumer cost of PHEVs to assure a sustainable market that can thrive without the aid of state and Federal incentives or subsidies. Once the characteristics of a thriving PHEV market have been defined for this timeframe, market introduction steps, such as supportive policies, regulations and temporary incentives, needed to reach this level of sustainability will be determined. PHEVs have gained interest over the past decade for several reasons, including their high fuel economy, convenient low-cost recharging capabilities, potential environmental benefits and reduced use of imported petroleum, potentially contributing to President Bush's goal of a 20% reduction in gasoline use in ten years, or 'Twenty in Ten'. PHEVs and energy storage from advanced batteries have also been suggested as enabling technologies to improve the reliability and efficiency of the electric power grid. However, PHEVs will likely cost significantly more to purchase than conventional or other hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), in large part because of the cost of batteries. Despite the potential long-term savings to consumers and value to stakeholders, the initial cost of PHEVs presents a major market barrier to their widespread commercialization. The purpose of this project is to identify and evaluate value-added propositions for PHEVs that will help overcome this market barrier. Candidate value propositions for the initial case study were chosen to enhance consumer acceptance of PHEVs and/or compatibility with the grid. Potential benefits of such grid-connected vehicles include the ability to supply peak load or emergency power requirements of the grid, enabling utilities to size their generation capacity and contingency resources at levels below peak. Different models for vehicle/battery ownership, leasing, financing and operation, as well as the grid, communications, and vehicle infrastructure needed to support the proposed value-added functions were explored during Phase 1. Rigorous power system, vehicle, financial and emissions modeling were utilized to help identify the most promising value propositions and market niches to focus PHEV deployment initiatives.

Sikes, Karen R [ORNL; Markel, Lawrence C [ORNL; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Hinds, Shaun [Sentech, Inc.; DeVault, Robert C [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Secondary Use of PHEV and EV Batteries: Opportunities & Challenges (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

NREL and partners will investigate the reuse of retired lithium ion batteries for plug-in hybrid, hybrid, and electric vehicles in order to reduce vehicle costs and emissions and curb our dependence on foreign oil. A workshop to solicit industry feedback on the process is planned. Analyses will be conducted, and aged batteries will be tested in two or three suitable second-use applications. The project is considering whether retired PHEV/EV batteries have value for other applications; if so, what are the barriers and how can they be overcome?

Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.; Howell, D.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Preliminary Assessment of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Wind Energy Markets  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report examines a measure that may potentially reduce oil use and also more than proportionately reduce carbon emissions from vehicles. The authors present a very preliminary analysis of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) that can be charged from or discharged to the grid. These vehicles have the potential to reduce gasoline consumption and carbon emissions from vehicles, as well as improve the viability of renewable energy technologies with variable resource availability. This paper is an assessment of the synergisms between plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and wind energy. The authors examine two bounding cases that illuminate this potential synergism.

Short, W.; Denholm, P.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Deriving In-Use PHEV Fuel Economy Predictions from Standardized Test Cycle Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have potential to reduce or eliminate the U.S. dependence on foreign oil. Quantifying the amount of petroleum each uses, however, is challenging. To estimate in-use fuel economy for conventional vehicles the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducts chassis dynamometer tests on standard historic drive cycles and then adjusts the resulting “raw” fuel economy measurements downward. Various publications, such as the forthcoming update to the SAE J1711 recommended practice for PHEV fuel economy testing, address the challenges of applying standard test procedures to PHEVs. This paper explores the issue of how to apply an adjustment method to such “raw” PHEV dynamometer test results in order to more closely estimate the in-use fuel and electricity consumption characteristics of these vehicles. The paper discusses two possible adjustment methods, and evaluates one method by applying it to dynamometer data and comparing the result to in-use fleet data (on an aftermarket conversion PHEV). The paper will also present the methodologies used to collect the data needed for this comparison.

John Smart; Richard "Barney" Carlson; Jeff Gonder; Aaron Brooker

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Federal Tax Credits for Plug-in Hybrids Purchased in or after...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrids Photo of cash and keys Federal Tax Credit Up To 7,500 Plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEVs) purchased in or after 2010 may be eligible for a federal income tax...

194

Potential Impacts of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Regional Power Generation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are being developed around the world, with much work aiming to optimize engine and battery for efficient operation, both during discharge and when grid electricity is available for recharging. However, the general expectation has been that the grid will not be greatly affected by the use of PHEVs because the recharging will occur during off-peak hours, or the number of vehicles will grow slowly enough so that capacity planning will respond adequately. This expectation does not consider that drivers will control the timing of recharging, and their inclination will be to plug in when convenient, rather than when utilities would prefer. It is important to understand the ramifications of adding load from PHEVs onto the grid. Depending on when and where the vehicles are plugged in, they could cause local or regional constraints on the grid. They could require the addition of new electric capacity and increase the utilization of existing capacity. Usage patterns of local distribution grids will change, and some lines or substations may become overloaded sooner than expected. Furthermore, the type of generation used to meet the demand for recharging PHEVs will depend on the region of the country and the timing of recharging. This paper analyzes the potential impacts of PHEVs on electricity demand, supply, generation structure, prices, and associated emission levels in 2020 and 2030 in 13 regions specified by the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Energy Information Administration (EIA), and on which the data and analysis in EIA's Annual Energy Outlook 2007 are based (Figure ES-1). The estimates of power plant supplies and regional hourly electricity demand come from publicly available sources from EIA and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Electricity requirements for PHEVs are based on analysis from the Electric Power Research Institute, with an optimistic projection of 25% market penetration by 2020, involving a mixture of sedans and sport utility vehicles. The calculations were done using the Oak Ridge Competitive Electricity Dispatch (ORCED) model, a model developed over the past 12 years to evaluate a wide variety of critical electricity sector issues. Seven scenarios were run for each region for 2020 and 2030, for a total of 182 scenarios. In addition to a base scenario of no PHEVs, the authors modeled scenarios assuming that vehicles were either plugged in starting at 5:00 p.m. (evening) or at 10:00 p.m.(night) and left until fully charged. Three charging rates were examined: 120V/15A (1.4 kW), 120V/20A (2 kW), and 220V/30A (6 kW). Most regions will need to build additional capacity or utilize demand response to meet the added demand from PHEVs in the evening charging scenarios, especially by 2030 when PHEVs have a larger share of the installed vehicle base and make a larger demand on the system. The added demands of evening charging, especially at high power levels, can impact the overall demand peaks and reduce the reserve margins for a region's system. Night recharging has little potential to influence peak loads, but will still influence the amount and type of generation.

Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Tsvetkova, Alexandra A [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Potential Impacts of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Regional Power Generation  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are being developed around the world, with much work aiming to optimize engine and battery for efficient operation, both during discharge and when grid electricity is available for recharging. However, the general expectation has been that the grid will not be greatly affected by the use of PHEVs because the recharging will occur during off-peak hours, or the number of vehicles will grow slowly enough so that capacity planning will respond adequately. This expectation does not consider that drivers will control the timing of recharging, and their inclination will be to plug in when convenient, rather than when utilities would prefer. It is important to understand the ramifications of adding load from PHEVs onto the grid. Depending on when and where the vehicles are plugged in, they could cause local or regional constraints on the grid. They could require the addition of new electric capacity and increase the utilization of existing capacity. Usage patterns of local distribution grids will change, and some lines or substations may become overloaded sooner than expected. Furthermore, the type of generation used to meet the demand for recharging PHEVs will depend on the region of the country and the timing of recharging. This paper analyzes the potential impacts of PHEVs on electricity demand, supply, generation structure, prices, and associated emission levels in 2020 and 2030 in 13 regions specified by the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Energy Information Administration (EIA), and on which the data and analysis in EIA's Annual Energy Outlook 2007 are based (Figure ES-1). The estimates of power plant supplies and regional hourly electricity demand come from publicly available sources from EIA and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Electricity requirements for PHEVs are based on analysis from the Electric Power Research Institute, with an optimistic projection of 25% market penetration by 2020, involving a mixture of sedans and sport utility vehicles. The calculations were done using the Oak Ridge Competitive Electricity Dispatch (ORCED) model, a model developed over the past 12 years to evaluate a wide variety of critical electricity sector issues. Seven scenarios were run for each region for 2020 and 2030, for a total of 182 scenarios. In addition to a base scenario of no PHEVs, the authors modeled scenarios assuming that vehicles were either plugged in starting at 5:00 p.m. (evening) or at 10:00 p.m.(night) and left until fully charged. Three charging rates were examined: 120V/15A (1.4 kW), 120V/20A (2 kW), and 220V/30A (6 kW). Most regions will need to build additional capacity or utilize demand response to meet the added demand from PHEVs in the evening charging scenarios, especially by 2030 when PHEVs have a larger share of the installed vehicle base and make a larger demand on the system. The added demands of evening charging, especially at high power levels, can impact the overall demand peaks and reduce the reserve margins for a region's system. Night recharging has little potential to influence peak loads, but will still influence the amount and type of generation.

Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Tsvetkova, Alexandra A [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Solar thermal electric hybridization issues  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar thermal electric systems have an advantage over many other renewable energy technologies because the former use heat as an intermediate energy carrier. This is an advantage as it allows for a relatively simple method of hybridization by using heat from fossil-fuel. Hybridization of solar thermal electric systems is a topic that has recently generated significant interest and controversy and has led to many diverse opinions. This paper discusses many of the issues associated with hybridization of solar thermal electric systems such as what role hybridization should play; how it should be implemented; what are the efficiency, environmental, and cost implications; what solar fraction is appropriate; how hybrid systems compete with solar-only systems; and how hybridization can impact commercialization efforts for solar thermal electric systems.

Williams, T A; Bohn, M S; Price, H W

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Drive Cycle Analysis, Measurement of Emissions and Fuel Consumption of a PHEV School Bus: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) collected and analyzed real-world school bus drive cycle data and selected similar standard drive cycles for testing on a chassis dynamometer. NREL tested a first-generation plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) school bus equipped with a 6.4L engine and an Enova PHEV drive system comprising a 25-kW/80 kW (continuous/peak) motor and a 370-volt lithium ion battery pack. A Bluebird 7.2L conventional school bus was also tested. Both vehicles were tested over three different drive cycles to capture a range of driving activity. PHEV fuel savings in charge-depleting (CD) mode ranged from slightly more than 30% to a little over 50%. However, the larger fuel savings lasted over a shorter driving distance, as the fully charged PHEV school bus would initially operate in CD mode for some distance, then in a transitional mode, and finally in a charge-sustaining (CS) mode for continued driving. The test results indicate that a PHEV school bus can achieve significant fuel savings during CD operation relative to a conventional bus. In CS mode, the tested bus showed small fuel savings and somewhat higher nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions than the baseline comparison bus.

Barnitt, R.; Gonder, J.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)

199

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Market Introduction Study: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Sentech, Inc., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)/University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) have conducted a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Market Introduction Study to identify and assess the effect of potential policies, regulations, and temporary incentives as key enablers for a successful market debut. The timeframe over which market-stimulating incentives would be implemented - and the timeframe over which they would be phased out - are suggested. Possible sources of revenue to help fund these mechanisms are also presented. In addition, pinch points likely to emerge during market growth are identified and proposed solutions presented. Finally, modeling results from ORNL's Market Acceptance of Advanced Automotive Technologies (MA3T) Model and UMTRI's Virtual AutoMotive MarketPlace (VAMMP) Model were used to quantify the expected effectiveness of the proposed policies and to recommend a consensus strategy aimed at transitioning what begins as a niche industry into a thriving and sustainable market by 2030. The primary objective of the PHEV Market Introduction Study is to identify the most effective means for accelerating the commercialization of PHEVs in order to support national energy and economic goals. Ideally, these mechanisms would maximize PHEV sales while minimizing federal expenditures. To develop a robust market acceleration program, incentives and policies must be examined in light of: (1) clarity and transparency of the market signals they send to the consumer; (2) expenditures and resources needed to support them; (3) expected impacts on the market for PHEVs; (4) incentives that are compatible and/or supportive of each other; (5) complexity of institutional and regulatory coordination needed; and (6) sources of funding.

Sikes, Karen [Sentech, Inc.; Gross, Thomas [Sentech, Inc.; Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Sullivan, John [University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute; Cleary, Timothy [Sentech, Inc.; Ward, Jake [U.S. Department of Energy

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Market Introduction Study: Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Sentech, Inc., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)/University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) have conducted a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Market Introduction Study to identify and assess the effect of potential policies, regulations, and temporary incentives as key enablers for a successful market debut. The timeframe over which market-stimulating incentives would be implemented - and the timeframe over which they would be phased out - are suggested. Possible sources of revenue to help fund these mechanisms are also presented. In addition, pinch points likely to emerge during market growth are identified and proposed solutions presented. Finally, modeling results from ORNL's Market Acceptance of Advanced Automotive Technologies (MA3T) Model and UMTRI's Virtual AutoMotive MarketPlace (VAMMP) Model were used to quantify the expected effectiveness of the proposed policies and to recommend a consensus strategy aimed at transitioning what begins as a niche industry into a thriving and sustainable market by 2030. The primary objective of the PHEV Market Introduction Study is to identify the most effective means for accelerating the commercialization of PHEVs in order to support national energy and economic goals. Ideally, these mechanisms would maximize PHEV sales while minimizing federal expenditures. To develop a robust market acceleration program, incentives and policies must be examined in light of: (1) clarity and transparency of the market signals they send to the consumer; (2) expenditures and resources needed to support them; (3) expected impacts on the market for PHEVs; (4) incentives that are compatible and/or supportive of each other; (5) complexity of institutional and regulatory coordination needed; and (6) sources of funding.

Sikes, Karen [Sentech, Inc.; Gross, Thomas [Sentech, Inc.; Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Sullivan, John [University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute; Cleary, Timothy [Sentech, Inc.; Ward, Jake [U.S. Department of Energy

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

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201

NREL: Learning - Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Photo of the front and part of the side of a bus parked at the curb of a city street with tall buildings in the background. This diesel hybrid electric bus operated by the Metropolitan Transit Authority, New York City Transit, was part of a test study that recently investigated the fuel efficiency and reliability of these buses. Credit: Leslie Eudy Today's hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) range from small passenger cars to sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and large trucks. Though they often look just like conventional vehicles, HEVs usually include an electric motor as well as a small internal combustion engine (ICE). This combination provides greater fuel economy and fewer emissions than most conventional ICE vehicles do. HEVs are powered by two energy sources: an energy conversion unit, such as

202

Just the Basics - Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) offer reduced pollution and improved fuel economy. That's why the government and auto- makers are anxious to introduce a...

203

Semiotics and Advanced Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Why it Matters to Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Future Toyota Hybrids: Prius Times Three. Available from:S. (2003) “Toyota's Prius Hybrid Named Motor Trend's 'Car ofYork. MacCurdy (2006) PHEV Prius Test Program by Sacramento

Heffner, Reid R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Regulatory Influences That Will Likely Affect Success of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influences That Will Likely Influences That Will Likely Affect Success of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles By Dan Santini Argonne National Laboratory dsantini@anl.gov Clean Cities Coordinators' Webinar Sept. 16, 2010 Vehicle fuel use regulation/policy measures differ. Which should measure plug-in success?  Corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) ratings do not represent real world fuel use. However, the range ratings of EVs and PHEVs are based on CAFE tests.  "Window sticker" information on vehicle fuel use predicts more gasoline and electricity use than CAFE ratings. - The GREET model (basis of GHG saving estimates) is based on real world fuel use

205

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How would air quality and greenhouse gas emissions be affected if significant numbers of Americans drove cars that were fueled by the power grid? A recently completed assessment conducted by the Electric Power Research Institute and the Natural Resources Defense Council made a detailed study of the question looking at a variety of scenarios involving the U.S. fleet of power generation and its fleet of light-duty and medium-duty cars and trucks.The study focused on plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs)...

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

206

Efficiency and Loss Models for Key Electronic Components of Hybrid and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles' Electrical Propulsion Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Isolated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs) are widely used in power electronic applications including electric, hybrid electric, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (EVs, HEVs, and PHEVs). The trend towards more electric vehicles (MEVs) has demanded the need for power electronic devices capable of handling power in the range of 10-100 kW. However, the converter losses in this power range are of critical importance. Therefore, thermal management of the power electronic devices/converters is crucial for the reliability and longevity of the advanced vehicles. To aid the design of heat exchangers for the IGBT modules used in propulsion motor drives, a loss model for the IGBTs is necessary. The loss model of the IGBTs will help in the process of developing new heat exchangers and advanced thermal interface materials by reducing cost and time. This paper deals with the detailed loss modeling of IGBTs for advanced electrical propulsion systems. An experimental based loss model is proposed. The proposed loss calculation method utilizes the experimental data to reconstruct the loss surface of the power electronic devices by means of curve fitting and linear extrapolating. This enables the calculation of thermal losses in different voltage, current, and temperature conditions of operation. To verify the calculation method, an experimental test set-up was designed and built. The experimental set-up is an IGBT based bi-directional DC/DC converter. In addition, simulation results are presented to verify the proposed calculation method.

Cao, J.; Bharathan, D.; Emadi, A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles : How does one determine their potential for reducing U.S. oil dependence?  

SciTech Connect

Estimation of the potential of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV's) ability to reduce U.S. gasoline use is difficult and complex. Although techniques have been proposed to estimate the vehicle kilometers of travel (VKT) that can be electrified, these methods may be inadequate and/or inappropriate for early market introduction circumstances. Factors that must be considered with respect to the PHEV itself include (1) kWh battery storage capability; (2) kWh/km depletion rate of the vehicle (3) liters/km use of gasoline (4) average daily kilometers driven (5) annual share of trips exceeding the battery depletion distance (6) driving cycle(s) (7) charger location [i.e. on-board or off-board] (8) charging rate. Each of these factors is actually a variable, and many interact. Off the vehicle, considerations include (a) primary overnight charging spot [garage, carport, parking garage or lot, on street], (b) availability of primary and secondary charging locations [i.e. dwellings, workplaces, stores, etc] (c) time of day electric rates (d) seasonal electric rates (e) types of streets and highways typically traversed during most probable trips depleting battery charge [i.e. city, suburban, rural and high vs. low density]; (f) cumulative trips per day from charger origin (g) top speeds and peak acceleration rates required to make usual trips. Taking into account PHEV design trade-off possibilities (kW vs. kWh of battery, in particular), this paper attempts to extract useful information relating to these topics from the 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS), and the 2005 American Housing Survey (AHS). Costs per kWh of PHEVs capable of charge depleting (CD) all-electric range (CDE, or AER) vs. those CD in 'blended' mode (CDB) are examined. Lifetime fuel savings of alternative PHEV operating/utilization strategies are compared to battery cost estimates.

Vyas, A.; Santini, D.; Duoba, M.; Alexander, M.; Energy Systems; EPRI

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Hybrid electrical energy storage systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical energy is a high quality form of energy that can be easily converted to other forms of energy with high efficiency and, even more importantly, it can be used to control lower grades of energy quality with ease. However, building a cost-effective ... Keywords: charge, electrical storage, energy, energy storage, hybrid storage, management

Massoud Pedram; Naehyuck Chang; Younghyun Kim; Yanzhi Wang

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Electric Energy and Power Consumption by Light-Duty Plug-in Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.S. roads alone by 2015. PEVs-- either plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) or pure electric vehicles (EVs)--adopt similar drivetrain configurations as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) [21 Electric Energy and Power Consumption by Light-Duty Plug-in Electric Vehicles Di Wu, Student

Tesfatsion, Leigh

210

Implementations of electric vehicle system based on solar energy in Singapore assessment of lithium ion batteries for automobiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis report, both quantitative and qualitative approaches are used to provide a comprehensive analysis of lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) and battery electric vehicle ...

Fu, Haitao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

High Power SiC Modules for HEVs and PHEVs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

With efforts to reduce the cost, size, and thermal management systems for the power electronics drivetrain in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), wide band gap semiconductors including silicon carbide (SiC) have been identified as possibly being a partial solution. Research on SiC power electronics has shown their higher efficiency compared to Si power electronics due to significantly lower conduction and switching losses. This paper focuses on the development of a high power module based on SiC JFETs and Schottky diodes. Characterization of a single device, a module developed using the same device, and finally an inverter built using the modules is presented. When tested at moderate load levels compared to the inverter rating, an efficiency of 98.2% was achieved by the initial prototype.

Chinthavali, Madhu Sudhan [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Zhang, Hui [ORNL; Han, Jung H [ORNL; Barlow, Fred D. [University of Idaho; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Phase 1, Task 3: Technical Requirements and Procedure for Evaluation of One Scenario  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In Task 2, the project team designed the Phase 1 case study to represent the 'baseline' plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) fleet of 2030 that investigates the effects of seventeen (17) value propositions (see Table 1 for complete list). By creating a 'baseline' scenario, a consistent set of assumptions and model parameters can be established for use in more elaborate Phase 2 case studies. The project team chose southern California as the Phase 1 case study location because the economic, environmental, social, and regulatory conditions are conducive to the advantages of PHEVs. Assuming steady growth of PHEV sales over the next two decades, PHEVs are postulated to comprise approximately 10% of the area's private vehicles (about 1,000,000 vehicles) in 2030. New PHEV models introduced in 2030 are anticipated to contain lithium-ion batteries and be classified by a blended mileage description (e.g., 100 mpg, 150 mpg) that demonstrates a battery size equivalence of a PHEV-30. Task 3 includes the determination of data, models, and analysis procedures required to evaluate the Phase 1 case study scenario. Some existing models have been adapted to accommodate the analysis of the business model and establish relationships between costs and value to the respective consumers. Other data, such as the anticipated California generation mix and southern California drive cycles, have also been gathered for use as inputs. The collection of models that encompasses the technical, economic, and financial aspects of Phase 1 analysis has been chosen and is described in this deliverable. The role of PHEV owners, utilities (distribution systems, generators, independent system operators (ISO), aggregators, or regional transmission operators (RTO)), facility owners, financing institutions, and other third parties are also defined.

Sikes, Karen R [ORNL; Hinds, Shaun [Sentech, Inc.; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; McGill, Ralph N [ORNL; Markel, Lawrence C [ORNL; Ziegler, Richard E [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL; Smith, Richard L [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL; Brooks, Daniel L [ORNL; Wiegman, Herman [GE Global Research; Miller, Nicholas [GE; Marano, Dr. Vincenzo [Ohio State University

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Argonne TTRDC - TransForum v10n1 - Six Myths about PHEVs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Six Myths about Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Six Myths about Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Forrest Jehlik Forrest Jehlik Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) hold great promise as the key to weaning America from its dependence on imported oil, which represents nearly two-thirds of all the petroleum burned in the United States today. The U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory has taken a lead role in developing and testing plug-in hybrid technologies. At the Lab’s Center for Transportation Research (CTR), principal mechanical engineer Forrest Jehlik and his colleagues work to bring these cars to market quickly and cheaply. Here, Jehlik dispels some commonly held myths about plug-in hybrids. Myth #1: A significant number of plug-in hybrids are currently for sale. Although several major auto manufacturers—including General Motors,

214

Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 Sales data for various models of electric and hybrid electric vehicles from December 2010 through June 2013. 062010-092013_EV_HEV Sales.xlsx Description Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 (Excel) 062010-092013_EV_HEV Sales.csv Description Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 (CSV) 062010-092013_EV_HEV Sales.jpeg Description Chart of Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 (JPG) More Documents & Publications Federal Reporting Recipient Information Natural Gas Imports and Exports - Second Quarter Report 2013 Federal Reporting Recipient Information

215

Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 Sales data for various models of electric and hybrid electric vehicles from December 2010 through June 2013. 062010-092013_EV_HEV Sales.xlsx Description Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 (Excel) 062010-092013_EV_HEV Sales.csv Description Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 (CSV) 062010-092013_EV_HEV Sales.jpeg Description Chart of Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales: December 2010 - June 2013 (JPG) More Documents & Publications Federal Reporting Recipient Information Natural Gas Imports and Exports - Second Quarter Report 2013 Federal Reporting Recipient Information

216

1997 hybrid electric vehicle specifications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US DOE sponsors Advanced Vehicle Technology competitions to help educate the public and advance new vehicle technologies. For several years, DOE has provided financial and technical support for the American Tour de Sol. This event showcases electric and hybrid electric vehicles in a road rally across portions of the northeastern United States. The specifications contained in this technical memorandum apply to vehicles that will be entered in the 1997 American Tour de Sol. However, the specifications were prepared to be general enough for use by other teams and individuals interested in developing hybrid electric vehicles. The purpose of the specifications is to ensure that the vehicles developed do not present a safety hazard to the teams that build and drive them or to the judges, sponsors, or public who attend the competitions. The specifications are by no means the definitive sources of information on constructing hybrid electric vehicles - as electric and hybrid vehicles technologies advance, so will the standards and practices for their construction. In some cases, the new standards and practices will make portions of these specifications obsolete.

Sluder, S.; Larsen, R.; Duoba, M.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Role of Renewable Energy in a Sustainable Electric Generation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) Widely Available and Deployed After 2020 None Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Nuclear Generation 12.5 GWe by 2030 64 GWe by 2030

218

A Bidirectional High-Power-Quality Grid Interface With a Novel Bidirectional Noninverted Buck Boost Converter for PHEVs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) will play a vital role in future sustainable transportation systems due to their potential in terms of energy security, decreased environmental impact, improved fuel economy, and better performance. Moreover, new regulations have been established to improve the collective gas mileage, cut greenhouse gas emissions, and reduce dependence on foreign oil. This paper primarily focuses on two major thrust areas of PHEVs. First, it introduces a grid-friendly bidirectional alternating current/direct current ac/dc dc/ac rectifier/inverter for facilitating vehicle-to-grid (V2G) integration of PHEVs. Second, it presents an integrated bidirectional noninverted buck boost converter that interfaces the energy storage device of the PHEV to the dc link in both grid-connected and driving modes. The proposed bidirectional converter has minimal grid-level disruptions in terms of power factor and total harmonic distortion, with less switching noise. The integrated bidirectional dc/dc converter assists the grid interface converter to track the charge/discharge power of the PHEV battery. In addition, while driving, the dc/dc converter provides a regulated dc link voltage to the motor drive and captures the braking energy during regenerative braking.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Evaluation Of Potential Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications: Vol I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Potential Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications Volume IOF POTENTIAL HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE APPLICATIONS VOLUME IVIII International Electric Vehicle Symposium, "The Hybrid

Gris, Arturo E.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Ultracapacitor Technologies and Application in Hybrid and Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulations of hybrid and electric vehicles Simulation ofand Application in Hybrid and Electric Vehicles Andrew Burkemarketing of hybrid and electric vehicles of various types

Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

motor of an electric vehicle. Other hybrids combine a fuel cell with batteries to power electric propulsion motors. Fuel Cell Concept: Fuel passes through an anode, electrolyte,...

222

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EPRI and Argonne Assess Commercial Viability of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and Argonne National Laboratory are engaged in a...

223

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics August 20, 2013 - 9:13am Addthis Photo of hands holding a battery pack (grey rectangular box) for a hybrid electric vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel and gasoline fueling. HEV technologies also have potential to be combined with alternative fuels and fuel cells to provide additional benefits. Future offerings might also include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles typically combine the internal combustion engine of a conventional vehicle with the battery and electric motor of an electric vehicle. The combination offers low emissions and convenience-HEVs never need to be plugged in.

224

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics August 20, 2013 - 9:13am Addthis Photo of hands holding a battery pack (grey rectangular box) for a hybrid electric vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel and gasoline fueling. HEV technologies also have potential to be combined with alternative fuels and fuel cells to provide additional benefits. Future offerings might also include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles typically combine the internal combustion engine of a conventional vehicle with the battery and electric motor of an electric vehicle. The combination offers low emissions and convenience-HEVs never need to be plugged in.

225

Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Describes the basics of electric-drive vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, all-electric vehicles, and the various charging options.

Not Available

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Describes the basics of electric-drive vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, all-electric vehicles, and the various charging options.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Anticipating PHEV Energy Impacts in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: How does one determinerd International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exposition (of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: Nationwide

Axsen, John; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

NREL's PHEV/EV Li-Ion Battery Secondary-Use Project  

SciTech Connect

Accelerated development and market penetration of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and electric vehicles (EVs) is restricted at present by the high cost of lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries. One way to address this problem is to recover a fraction of the Li-ion battery's cost via reuse in other applications after it is retired from service in the vehicle, when the battery may still have sufficient performance to meet the requirements of other energy storage applications.

Newbauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Argonne TTRDC - APRF - Research Activities - Developing PHEV...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Developing PHEV Test Methods and Procedures (SAE J1711) Argonne tests a EnergyCS Prius PHEV Conversion The EnergyCS Prius PHEV Conversion is tested on the APRF's dynamometers....

230

Powertrain system for a hybrid electric vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid electric powertrain system is provided including an electric motor/generator drivingly engaged with the drive shaft of a transmission. The electric is utilized for synchronizing the rotation of the drive shaft with the driven shaft during gear shift operations. In addition, a mild hybrid concept is provided which utilizes a smaller electric motor than typical hybrid powertrain systems. Because the electric motor is drivingly engaged with the drive shaft of the transmission, the electric motor/generator is driven at high speed even when the vehicle speed is low so that the electric motor/generator provides more efficient regeneration. 34 figs.

Reed, R.G. Jr.; Boberg, E.S.; Lawrie, R.E.; Castaing, F.J.

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

231

Powertrain system for a hybrid electric vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid electric powertrain system is provided including an electric motor/generator drivingly engaged with the drive shaft of a transmission. The electric is utilized for synchronizing the rotation of the drive shaft with the driven shaft during gear shift operations. In addition, a mild hybrid concept is provided which utilizes a smaller electric motor than typical hybrid powertrain systems. Because the electric motor is drivingly engaged with the drive shaft of the transmission, the electric motor/generator is driven at high speed even when the vehicle speed is low so that the electric motor/generator provides more efficient regeneration.

Reed, Jr., Richard G. (Royal Oak, MI); Boberg, Evan S. (Hazel Park, MI); Lawrie, Robert E. (Whitmore Lake, MI); Castaing, Francois J. (Bloomfield Township, MI)

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

232

PHEV/EV Li-Ion Battery Second-Use Project (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Accelerated development and market penetration of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and electric vehicles (Evs) are restricted at present by the high cost of lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries. One way to address this problem is to recover a fraction of the battery cost via reuse in other applications after the battery is retired from service in the vehicle, if the battery can still meet the performance requirements of other energy storage applications. In several current and emerging applications, the secondary use of PHEV and EV batteries may be beneficial; these applications range from utility peak load reduction to home energy storage appliances. However, neither the full scope of possible opportunities nor the feasibility or profitability of secondary use battery opportunities have been quantified. Therefore, with support from the Energy Storage activity of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is addressing this issue. NREL will bring to bear its expertise and capabilities in energy storage for transportation and in distributed grids, advanced vehicles, utilities, solar energy, wind energy, and grid interfaces as well as its understanding of stakeholder dynamics. This presentation introduces NREL's PHEV/EV Li-ion Battery Secondary-Use project.

Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles - Status 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commercial availability of advanced battery systems that meet the cost, performance, and durability requirements of electric drive vehicles (EDVs) is a crucial challenge to the growth of markets for these vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are a subset of the family of EDVs, which include battery electric vehicles (BEVs), power assist hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and fuel cell vehicles. This study evaluates the state of advanced battery technology, presents u...

2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

234

PHEVs are More about the grid than the vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) could be used as an effective storage medium to absorb intermittent renewable energy when it is available. Charged vehicles can run on the stored energy when needed. A recent study by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory concluded that some 73 percent of U.S. light vehicles can be supplied with the existing utility infrastructure in place, provided the charging was restricted to off-peak periods. That would reduce U.S. oil imports by 6.2 million barrels per day, roughly 52 percent of U.S. oil imports. The limiting factors increasingly appear to be on the utility side, for example, making sure that the vehicles are charged during off-peak hours at discounted prices.

NONE

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

235

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Provides an overview on the current status, long-term prospects, and key challenges in the development of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle technology.

Markel, T.

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

236

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hyundai Sonata (4932) Battery Report 2010 Ultra-Battery Honda Civic Battery Report Some hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine a conventional internal combustion engine (using...

237

Ultracapacitor Technologies and Application in Hybrid and Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Moderate Hybrid-electric Vehicles. ESScap06, Switzerland,GH. SIMPLEV: A Simple Electric Vehicle Simulation Program-Ultracapacitors in Hybrid- electric Vehicle Applications.

Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle Analysis (Milestone Report)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL's plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) analysis activities made great strides in FY06 to objectively assess PHEV technology, support the larger U.S. Department of Energy PHEV assessment effort, and share technical knowledge with the vehicle research community and vehicle manufacturers. This report provides research papers and presentations developed in FY06 to support these efforts. The report focuses on the areas of fuel economy reporting methods, cost and consumption benefit analysis, real-world performance expectations, and energy management strategies.

Markel, T.; Brooker, A.; Gonder, J.; O'Keefe, M.; Simpson, A.; Thornton, M.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

The Early U.S. Market for PHEVs: Anticipating Consumer Awareness, Recharge Potential, Design Priorities and Energy Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas emissions from plug-in hybrid vehicles: Implications forU.S. market, plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) are touted asdesign your own plug-in hybrid vehicle. You will determine

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Hybrid electric vehicles take to the streets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors describe how, equipped with a gasoline engine and an electric motor, hybrid electric vehicles can now bridge the gap between vehicle range and environmental concerns

D. Hermance; S. Sasaki

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Anticipating PHEV Energy Impacts in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vyas et al. , Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: How does oneof Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: Nationwideuse of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, Transportation

Axsen, John; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

BEEST: Electric Vehicle Batteries  

SciTech Connect

BEEST Project: The U.S. spends nearly a $1 billion per day to import petroleum, but we need dramatically better batteries for electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles (EV/PHEV) to truly compete with gasoline-powered cars. The 10 projects in ARPA-E’s BEEST Project, short for “Batteries for Electrical Energy Storage in Transportation,” could make that happen by developing a variety of rechargeable battery technologies that would enable EV/PHEVs to meet or beat the price and performance of gasoline-powered cars, and enable mass production of electric vehicles that people will be excited to drive.

None

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Wenatchee PHEV Conversions Workshop - AVTA's PHEV Testing and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Economy Driving Schedule) dynamometer test cycles 7 Hymotion Prius - UDDS Fuel Use * 5 kWh A123Systems (Li) V1 and Prius packs (AC kWh) Hymotion PHEV Prius MPG & kWh - UDDS...

244

Interpersonal Influence within Car Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Participants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

perspectives. The PHEV is a Toyota Prius converted to allowconversion and a regular Toyota Prius, and none had a stronglight bulbs, and a hybrid Toyota Prius in their driveway.

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Economics of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (released in AEO2009)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

PHEVs have gained significant attention in recent years, as concerns about energy, environmental, and economic securityincluding rising gasoline prices have prompted efforts to improve vehicle fuel economy and reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector. PHEVs are particularly well suited to meet these objectives, because they have the potential to reduce petroleum consumption both through fuel economy gains and by substituting electric power for gasoline use.

Information Center

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

246

Charge It: The Promise of Plug-in Electric Hybrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Energy andthe plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, a variant of theknown self-charging hybrid electric vehicle, is fast gaining

Recker, W.W.; Kang, J.E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Charge It: The Promise of Plug-in Electric Hybrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Energy andthe plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, a variant of theknown self-charging hybrid electric vehicle, is fast gaining

Recker, W. W.; Kang, J. E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. HeffnerImage in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. Heffner,6, 2005 Abstract Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) have image,

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6, 2005 Abstract Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) have image,Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. HeffnerImage in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. Heffner,

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Determining PHEV Performance Potential – User and Environmental Influences on A123 Systems’ Hymotion™ Plug-In Conversion Module for the Toyota Prius  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A123Systems’s HymotionTM L5 Plug-in Conversion Module (PCM) is a supplemental battery system that converts the Toyota Prius hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) into a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). The Hymotion system uses a lithium ion battery pack with 4.5 kWh of useable energy capacity and recharges by plugging into a standard 110/120V outlet. The system is designed to more than double the Prius fuel efficiency for 30-50km of charge depleting range. This paper will cover efforts by A123 Systems and the Idaho National Laboratory in studying the on-road performance of this PHEV fleet. The performance potentials of various fleets will be compared in order to determine the major influences on overall performance.

John G. Smart; Huang Iu

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Phase 1, Task 2: Select Value Propositions/Business Model for Further Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Value Propositions Workshop held in Washington, D.C. in December 2007 served as the Task 1 Milestone for this study. Feedback from all five Workshop breakout sessions has been documented in a Workshop Summary Report, which can be found at www.sentech.org/phev. In this report, the project team compiled and presented a comprehensive list of potential value propositions that would later serve as a 'grab bag' of business model components in Task 2. After convening with the Guidance and Evaluation Committee and other PHEV stakeholders during the Workshop, several improvements to the technical approach were identified and incorporated into the project plan to present a more realistic and accurate case study and evaluation. The assumptions and modifications that will have the greatest impact on the case study selection process in Task 2 are described in more detail in this deliverable. The objective of Task 2 is to identify the combination of value propositions that is believed to be achievable by 2030 and collectively hold promise for a sustainable PHEV market by 2030. This deliverable outlines what the project team (with input from the Committee) has defined as its primary scenario to be tested in depth for the remainder of Phase 1. Plans for the second and third highest priority/probability business scenarios are also described in this deliverable as proposed follow up case studies in Phase 2. As part of each case study description, the proposed utility system (or subsystem), PHEV market segment, and facilities/buildings are defined.

Sikes, Karen R [ORNL; Markel, Lawrence C [ORNL; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Hinds, Shaun [Sentech, Inc.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Hybrid Electric Vehicles - HEV Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling Modeling Background Because of time and cost constraints, designers cannot build and test each of the many possible powertrain configurations for advanced vehicles. Thus, developing fuel cells and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) requires accurate, flexible simulation tools. Argonne undertook a collaborative effort to further develop Autonomie in collaboration with General Motors. Autonomie is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Program. Autonomie is a Plug-and-Play Powertrain and Vehicle Model Architecture and Development Environment to support the rapid evaluation of new powertrain/propulsion technologies for improving fuel economy through virtual design and analysis in a math-based simulation environment. Autonomie is an open architecture to support the rapid integration and analysis of powertrain/propulsion systems and technologies for rapid technology sorting and evaluation of fuel economy improvement under dynamic/transient testing conditions. The capability to sort technologies rapidly in a virtual design environment results in faster improvements in real-world fuel consumption by reducing the time necessary to develop and bring new technologies onto our roads.

253

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on AddThis.com...

254

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Honda Accord Hybrid Electric...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accord Hybrid Electric Vehicle Accelerated Reliability Testing - April 2008 to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Honda Accord Hybrid Electric Vehicle...

255

Mechanical and Regenerative Braking Integration for a Hybrid Electric Vehicle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hybrid electric vehicle technology has become a preferred method for the automotive industry to reduce environmental impact and fuel consumption of their vehicles. Hybrid electric… (more)

DeMers, Steven Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1:...

257

Within-Day Recharge of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Energy Impact of Public Charging Infrastructure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the role of public charging infrastructure in increasing PHEV s share of driving on electricity and the resulting petroleum use reduction. Using vehicle activity data obtained from the GPS-tracking household travel survey in Austin, Texas, gasoline and electricity consumptions of PHEVs in real world driving context are estimated. Driver s within-day recharging behavior, constrained by travel activities and public charger network, is modeled as a boundedly rational decision and incorporated in the energy use estimation. The key findings from the Austin dataset include: (1) public charging infrastructure makes PHEV a competitive vehicle choice for consumers without a home charger; (2) providing sufficient public charging service is expected to significantly reduce petroleum consumption of PHEVs; and (3) public charging opportunities offer greater benefits for PHEVs with a smaller battery pack, as within-day recharges compensate battery capacity.

Dong, Jing [ORNL; Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Simulated comparisons of emissions and fuel efficiency of diesel and gasoline hybrid electric vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents details and results of hybrid and plug-in hybrid electric passenger vehicle (HEV and PHEV) simulations that account for the interaction of thermal transients from drive cycle demands and engine start/stop events with aftertreatment devices and their associated fuel penalties. The simulations were conducted using the Powertrain Systems Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) software developed by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) combined with aftertreatment component models developed at Oak Ridge National Lab (ORNL). A three-way catalyst model is used in simulations of gasoline powered vehicles while a lean NOx trap model in used to simulated NOx reduction in diesel powered vehicles. Both cases also use a previously reported methodology for simulating the temperature and species transients associated with the intermittent engine operation and typical drive cycle transients which are a significant departure from the usual experimental steady-state engine-map based approach adopted often in vehicle system simulations. Comparative simulations indicate a higher efficiency for diesel powered vehicles but the advantage is lowered by about a third (for both HEVs and PHEVs) when the fuel penalty associated with operating a lean NOx trap is included and may be reduced even more when fuel penalty associated with a particulate filter is included in diesel vehicle simulations. Through these preliminary studies, it is clearly demonstrated how accurate engine and exhaust systems models that can account for highly intermittent and transient engine operation in hybrid vehicles can be used to account for impact of emissions in comparative vehicle systems studies. Future plans with models for other devices such as particulate filters, diesel oxidation and selective reduction catalysts are also discussed.

Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; Chakravarthy, Veerathu K [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

The Effect of Driving Intensity and Incomplete Charging on the Fuel Economy of a Hymotion Prius PHEV  

SciTech Connect

On-road testing was conducted on a Hymotion Prius plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) at the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation in Phoenix, Arizona. The tests were comprised of on-road urban and highway driving during charge-depleting and charge-sustaining operation. Determining real-world effectiveness of PHEVs at reducing petroleum consumption in real world driving was the main focus of the study. Throughout testing, several factors that affect fuel consumption of PHEVs were identified. This report discusses two of these factors: driving intensity (i.e., driving aggressiveness) and battery charging completeness. These two factors are unrelated, yet both significantly impact the vehicle’s fuel economy. Driving intensity was shown to decrease fuel economy by up to half. Charging completeness, which was affected by human factors and ambient temperature conditions, also showed to have great impact on fuel economy for the Hymotion Prius. These tests were performed for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technology Program, is conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation.

Richard Barney Carlson

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Evaluation and Test Data Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this analysis was to investigate the different impacts that driver behavior and environment can have on fuel economy and battery energy consumption in plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Specifically, the PHEVs studied were part of the Ford Escape Advanced Research Fleet, which is composed of over 20 vehicles used by utilities and government agencies during a multi-year project. Results of this analysis can be used to educate drivers with more optimal driving practices to maximize ...

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Feature - U.S.-Sweden Joint PHEV Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S.-Sweden Joint PHEV Research U.S.-Sweden Joint PHEV Research How the Smart Charge System Works How the Smart Charge System Works Looking to jointly develop new plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV) technology and accelerate its consumer acceptance and commercialization, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Sweden signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in July for a one year, $1 million cost-sharing agreement to be equally funded by DOE and the Swedish Energy Agency. Through contacts developed over many years conducting international technology assessment for the Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory initiated the MOU, which was signed by DOE Assistant Secretary Alexander Karsner and Director General of the Swedish Energy Agency Tomas KÃ¥berger, on the Swedish island of Gotland. The ceremony included comments

262

Evaluation of Emerging Battery Technologies for Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance, cycle life, and cost of available batteries are key issues in determining the marketability of plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEVs). The California Air Resources Board (CARB) initiated a project to evaluate emerging lithiumion battery technologies for PHEV applications. Work initially focused on the determination of the characteristics of one of the most interesting of the emerging lithium-ion batteries, the lithium titanate battery in commercial development by Altairnano, but other ...

2009-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

263

Fuel Savings from Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL's study shows that hybrid electric vehicles can significantly reduce oil imports for use in light-duty vehicles, particularly if drivers switch to smaller, more fuel-efficient vehicles overall.

Bennion, K.; Thornton, M.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles What's New 2012 Hyundai Sonata (4932) Battery Report (PDF 574KB) 2010 Ultra-Battery Honda Civic Battery Report (PDF 614KB) 2013 Chevrolet Malibu Baseline...

265

Knoxville Area Transit: Propane Hybrid Electric Trolleys  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A 2-page fact sheet summarizing the evaluation done by the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity on the Knoxville Area Transit's use of propane hybrid electric trolleys.

Not Available

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 2: United States Air Quality Analysis Based on AEO-2006 Assumptions for 2030  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How would air quality and greenhouse gas emissions be affected if significant numbers of Americans drove cars that were fueled by the power grid? A recently completed assessment conducted by the Electric Power Research Institute and the Natural Resources Defense Council made a detailed study of the question looking at a variety of scenarios involving the U.S. fleet of power generation and its fleet of light-duty and medium-duty cars and trucks. The study focused on plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs...

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

267

Electrochemical Capacitors as Energy Storage in Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: Present Status and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Storage in Hybrid- Electric Vehicles: Present Statusmarketing of hybrid-electric vehicles of various types arefor various types of hybrid-electric vehicles Type of hybrid

Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

PHEV-EV Charger Technology Assessment with an Emphasis on V2G Operation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

More battery powered electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) will be introduced to the market in 2011 and beyond. Since these vehicles have large batteries that need to be charged from an external power source or directly from the grid, their batteries, charging circuits, charging stations/infrastructures, and grid interconnection issues are garnering more attention. This report summarizes information regarding the batteries used in PHEVs, different types of chargers, charging standards and circuits, and compares different topologies. Furthermore, it includes a list of vehicles that are going to be in the market soon with information on their charging and energy storage equipment. A summary of different standards governing charging circuits and charging stations concludes the report. There are several battery types that are available for PHEVs; however, the most popular ones have nickel metal hydride (NiMH) and lithium-ion (Li-ion) chemistries. The former one is being used in current hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), but the latter will be used in most of the PHEVs and EVs due to higher energy densities and higher efficiencies. The chargers can be classified based on the circuit topologies (dedicated or integrated), location of the charger (either on or off the vehicle), connection (conductive, inductive/wireless, and mechanical), electrical waveform (direct current (dc) or alternating current (ac)), and the direction of power flow (unidirectional or bidirectional). The first PHEVs typically will have dedicated, on-board, unidirectional chargers that will have conductive connections to the charging stations or wall outlets and will be charged using either dc or ac. In the near future, bidirectional chargers might also be used in these vehicles once the benefits of practical vehicle to grid applications are realized. The terms charger and charging station cause terminology confusion. To prevent misunderstandings, a more descriptive term of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) is used instead of charging station. The charger is the power conversion equipment that connects the battery to the grid or another power source, while EVSE refers to external equipment between the grid or other power source and the vehicle. EVSE might include conductors, connectors, attachment plugs, microprocessors, energy measurement devices, transformers, etc. Presently, there are more than 40 companies that are producing EVSEs. There are several standards and codes regarding conductive and inductive chargers and EVSEs from the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), the Underwriter Laboratories (UL), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), and the National Electric Code (NEC). The two main standards from SAE describe the requirements for conductive and inductive coupled chargers and the charging levels. For inductive coupled charging, three levels are specified: Level 1 (120 V and 12 A, single-phase), Level 2 (208 V-240 V and 32 A, single-phase), and Level 3 (208-600 V and 400 A, three-phase) . The standard for the conductive-coupled charger also has similar charging ratings for Levels 1 and 2, but it allows higher current ratings for Level 2 charging up to 80 A. Level 3 charging for this standard is still under development and considers dc charging instead of three-phase ac. More details in these areas and related references can be found in this Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) report on PHEV-EV charger technology assessment.

Kisacikoglu, Mithat C [ORNL; Bedir, Abdulkadir [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

State Hybrid Electric State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Digg

270

Plug-in Hybrids  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Series PHEVs, also called Extended Range Electric Vehicles (EREVs). Only the electric motor turns the wheels; the gasoline engine is only used to generate electricity. Series...

271

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Installation Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the next five years, major automobile manufacturers are poised to deliver over a dozen electric vehicle (EV) and plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV) models. The cost savings to consumers and the positive impact on the environment will be significant. One of the chief remaining obstacles to widespread adoption of electric vehicles, however, is the scarcity of recharging facilities for PEVs.

2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

272

Powertrain system for a hybrid electric vehicle - Energy ...  

A hybrid electric powertrain system is provided including an electric motor/generator drivingly engaged with the drive shaft of a transmission. The electric is ...

273

Technical Challenges of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Impacts to the US Power System: Distribution System Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report documents work conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the Department of Energy (DOE) to address three basic questions concerning how typical existing electrical distribution systems would be impacted by the addition of PHEVs to residential loads.

Gerkensmeyer, Clint; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; DeSteese, John G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Interpersonal Influence within Car Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Participants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The PHEV is a Toyota Prius converted to allow the rechargingconversion and a regular Toyota Prius, and none had a strongattractive than the Prius. 4.3 Electric-drive enthusiasts

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Self-Learning Controller for Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Learns ...  

electric vehicles (PHEVs). This device improves PHEV performance and fuel efficiency by maintaining as high a state of battery charge as possible, given the ...

276

A mean field game analysis of electric vehicles in the smart grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A mean field game analysis of electric vehicles in the smart grid Romain Couillet1, Samir Medina electrical vehicles (EV) or electrical hybrid oil-electricity vehicles (PHEV) in the smart grid energy market to the smart grid and sell their energy surpluses, when needed. It is therefore an important economical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

277

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on AddThis.com... April 7, 2011 Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools " The hybrid school bus project not only serves as a means to improve

278

2007. Impacts Assessment of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles on Electric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. electric power infrastructure is a strategic national asset that is underutilized most of the time. With the proper changes in the operational paradigm, it could generate and deliver the necessary energy to fuel the majority of the U.S. light-duty vehicle (LDV) fleet. In doing so, it would reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve the economics of the electricity industry, and reduce the U.S. dependency on foreign oil. Two companion papers investigate the technical potential and economic impacts of using the existing idle capacity of the electric infrastructure in conjunction with the emerging plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) technology to meet the majority of the daily energy needs of the U.S. LDV fleet. This initial paper estimates the regional percentages of the energy requirements for the U.S. LDV stock that could potentially be supported by the existing infrastructure, based on the 12 modified North American Electric Reliability Council regions, as of 2002. For the United States as a whole, up to 84% of U.S. cars, pickup trucks, and sport utility vehicles (SUVs) could be supported by the existing infrastructure, although the local percentages vary by region. Using the LDV fleet classification, which includes cars, pickup trucks, SUVs, and vans, the technical potential is 73%. This has an estimated gasoline displacement potential of 6.5 million barrels of oil equivalent per day, or approximately 52 % of

Michael Kintner-meyer; Kevin Schneider; Robert Pratt

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Drive cycle analysis of the performance of hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a drive cycle analysis of hybrid electric vehicle power train configurations. Based on fuel economy and emissions factors, a tradeoff between conventional, series hybrid, parallel hybrid, and a parallel-series hybrid is drawn. The ... Keywords: emissions, fuel consumption, hybrid electric vehicles, modeling and simulation

Behnam Ganji; Abbas Z. Kouzani; H. M. Trinh

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Modeling and Simulation of Hybrid Electric Yuliang Leon Zhou  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling and Simulation of Hybrid Electric Vehicles By Yuliang Leon Zhou B. Eng., University and Simulation of Hybrid Electric Vehicles By Yuliang Leon Zhou B.Eng., University of Science and Technology and analysis of next generation hybrid electric vehicles, exploring the potentials of new hybrid powertrain

Victoria, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Vehicle Accelerated Reliability Testing - October 2007 to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid...

282

King County Metro Transit: Allison Hybrid Electric Transit Bus...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

advanced hybrid electric drivetrain. Both vehicles also incorporated an oxidizing diesel particulate filter. The fuel economy and emissions benefits of the hybrid vehicle were...

283

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Plug-In Hybrid Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Batteries Deployment Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Hybrids

284

Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Hybrid and for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines

285

Top 10 tech cars [hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of new hybrid electric vehicle owners have expressed their disappointment with their purchase because of poor mileage. Official ratings for fuel use, based on the outdated driving patterns of US government test, turned out to be a poor predictor ...

J. Voelcker

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

INNOVATIVE HYBRID GAS/ELECTRIC CHILLER COGENERATION  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Engine-driven chillers are quickly gaining popularity in the market place (increased from 7,000 tons in 1994 to greater than 50,000 tons in 1998) due to their high efficiency, electric peak shaving capability, and overall low operating cost. The product offers attractive economics (5 year pay back or less) in many applications, based on areas cooling requirements and electric pricing structure. When heat is recovered and utilized from the engine, the energy resource efficiency of a natural gas engine-driven chiller is higher than all competing products. As deregulation proceeds, real time pricing rate structures promise high peak demand electric rates, but low off-peak electric rates. An emerging trend with commercial building owners and managers who require air conditioning today is to reduce their operating costs by installing hybrid chiller systems that combine gas and electric units. Hybrid systems not only reduce peak electric demand charges, but also allow customers to level their energy load profiles and select the most economical energy source, gas or electricity, from hour to hour. Until recently, however, all hybrid systems incorporated one or more gas-powered chillers (engine driven and/or absorption) and one or more conventional electric units. Typically, the cooling capacity of hybrid chiller plants ranges from the hundreds to thousands of refrigeration tons, with multiple chillers affording the user a choice of cooling systems. But this flexibility is less of an option for building operators who have limited room for equipment. To address this technology gap, a hybrid chiller was developed by Alturdyne that combines a gas engine, an electric motor and a refrigeration compressor within a single package. However, this product had not been designed to realize the full features and benefits possible by combining an engine, motor/generator and compressor. The purpose of this project is to develop a new hybrid chiller that can (1) reduce end-user energy costs, (2) lower building peak electric load, (3) increase energy efficiency, and (4) provide standby power. This new hybrid product is designed to allow the engine to generate electricity or drive the chiller's compressor, based on the market price and conditions of the available energy sources. Building owners can minimize cooling costs by operating with natural gas or electricity, depending on time of day energy rates. In the event of a backout, the building owner could either operate the product as a synchronous generator set, thus providing standby power, or continue to operate a chiller to provide air conditioning with support of a small generator set to cover the chiller's electric auxiliary requirements. The ability to utilize the same piece of equipment as a hybrid gas/electric chiller or a standby generator greatly enhances its economic attractiveness and would substantially expand the opportunities for high efficiency cooling products.

Todd Kollross; Mike Connolly

2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

287

Impact of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles on the Electric Grid  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) are being developed around the world; much work is going on to optimize engine and battery operations for efficient operation, both during discharge and when grid electricity is available for recharging. However, there has generally been the expectation that the grid will not be greatly affected by the use of the vehicles, because the recharging would only occur during offpeak hours, or the number of vehicles will grow slowly enough that capacity planning will respond adequately. But this expectation does not incorporate that endusers will have control of the time of recharging and the inclination for people will be to plug in when convenient for them, rather than when utilities would prefer. It is important to understand the ramifications of introducing a number of plug-in hybrid vehicles onto the grid. Depending on when and where the vehicles are plugged in, they could cause local or regional constraints on the grid. They could require both the addition of new electric capacity along with an increase in the utilization of existing capacity. Local distribution grids will see a change in their utilization pattern, and some lines or substations may become overloaded sooner than expected. Furthermore, the type of generation used to recharge the vehicles will be different depending on the region of the country and timing when the PHEVs recharge. We conducted an analysis of what the grid impact may be in 2018 with one million PHEVs added to the VACAR sub-region of the Southeast Electric Reliability Council, a region that includes South Carolina, North Carolina, and much of Virginia. To do this, we used the Oak Ridge Competitive Electricity Dispatch model, which simulates the hourly dispatch of power generators to meet demand for a region over a given year. Depending on the vehicle, its battery, the charger voltage level, amperage, and duration, the impact on regional electricity demand varied from 1,400 to 6,000 MW. If recharging occurred in the early evening, then peak loads were raised and demands were met largely by combustion turbines and combined cycle plants. Nighttime recharging had less impact on peak loads and generation adequacy, but the increased use of coal-fired generation changed the relative amounts of air emissions. Costs of generation also fluctuated greatly depending on the timing. However, initial analysis shows that even charging at peak times may be less costly than using gasoline to operate the vehicles. Even if the overall region may have sufficient generating power, the region's transmission system or distribution lines to different areas may not be large enough to handle this new type of load. A largely residential feeder circuit may not be sized to have a significant proportion of its customers adding 1.4 to 6 kW loads that would operate continuously for two to six hours beginning in the early evening. On a broader scale, the transmission lines feeding the local substations may be similarly constrained if they are not sized to respond to this extra growth in demand. This initial analysis identifies some of the complexities in analyzing the integrated system of PHEVs and the grid. Depending on the power level, timing, and duration of the PHEV connection to the grid, there could be a wide variety of impacts on grid constraints, capacity needs, fuel types used, and emissions generated. This paper provides a brief description of plug-in hybrid vehicle characteristics in Chapter 2. Various charging strategies for vehicles are discussed, with a consequent impact on the grid. In Chapter 3 we describe the future electrical demand for a region of the country and the impact on this demand with a number of plug-in hybrids. We apply that demand to an inventory of power plants for the region using the Oak Ridge Competitive Electricity Dispatch (ORCED) model to evaluate the change in power production and emissions. In Chapter 4 we discuss the impact of demand increases on local distribution systems. In Chapter 5 we conclude and provide insights into the impacts of plug-ins. Future

Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Impact of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles on the Electric Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) are being developed around the world; much work is going on to optimize engine and battery operations for efficient operation, both during discharge and when grid electricity is available for recharging. However, there has generally been the expectation that the grid will not be greatly affected by the use of the vehicles, because the recharging would only occur during offpeak hours, or the number of vehicles will grow slowly enough that capacity planning will respond adequately. But this expectation does not incorporate that endusers will have control of the time of recharging and the inclination for people will be to plug in when convenient for them, rather than when utilities would prefer. It is important to understand the ramifications of introducing a number of plug-in hybrid vehicles onto the grid. Depending on when and where the vehicles are plugged in, they could cause local or regional constraints on the grid. They could require both the addition of new electric capacity along with an increase in the utilization of existing capacity. Local distribution grids will see a change in their utilization pattern, and some lines or substations may become overloaded sooner than expected. Furthermore, the type of generation used to recharge the vehicles will be different depending on the region of the country and timing when the PHEVs recharge. We conducted an analysis of what the grid impact may be in 2018 with one million PHEVs added to the VACAR sub-region of the Southeast Electric Reliability Council, a region that includes South Carolina, North Carolina, and much of Virginia. To do this, we used the Oak Ridge Competitive Electricity Dispatch model, which simulates the hourly dispatch of power generators to meet demand for a region over a given year. Depending on the vehicle, its battery, the charger voltage level, amperage, and duration, the impact on regional electricity demand varied from 1,400 to 6,000 MW. If recharging occurred in the early evening, then peak loads were raised and demands were met largely by combustion turbines and combined cycle plants. Nighttime recharging had less impact on peak loads and generation adequacy, but the increased use of coal-fired generation changed the relative amounts of air emissions. Costs of generation also fluctuated greatly depending on the timing. However, initial analysis shows that even charging at peak times may be less costly than using gasoline to operate the vehicles. Even if the overall region may have sufficient generating power, the region's transmission system or distribution lines to different areas may not be large enough to handle this new type of load. A largely residential feeder circuit may not be sized to have a significant proportion of its customers adding 1.4 to 6 kW loads that would operate continuously for two to six hours beginning in the early evening. On a broader scale, the transmission lines feeding the local substations may be similarly constrained if they are not sized to respond to this extra growth in demand. This initial analysis identifies some of the complexities in analyzing the integrated system of PHEVs and the grid. Depending on the power level, timing, and duration of the PHEV connection to the grid, there could be a wide variety of impacts on grid constraints, capacity needs, fuel types used, and emissions generated. This paper provides a brief description of plug-in hybrid vehicle characteristics in Chapter 2. Various charging strategies for vehicles are discussed, with a consequent impact on the grid. In Chapter 3 we describe the future electrical demand for a region of the country and the impact on this demand with a number of plug-in hybrids. We apply that demand to an inventory of power plants for the region using the Oak Ridge Competitive Electricity Dispatch (ORCED) model to evaluate the change in power production and emissions. In Chapter 4 we discuss the impact of demand increases on local distribution systems. In Chapter 5 we conclude and provide insights into the impacts of plug-ins. Future

Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

U.S.-Sweden Joint PHEV Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to jointly develop new plug-in to jointly develop new plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV) technology and accelerate its consumer acceptance and commercialization, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Sweden signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in July for a one year, $1 million cost-sharing agreement to be equally funded by DOE and the Swedish Energy Agency. Through contacts developed over many years conducting international technology assessment for the Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory initiated the MOU, which was signed by DOE Assistant Secretary Alexander Karsner and Director General of the Swedish Energy Agency Tomas KÃ¥berger, on the Swedish island of Gotland. The ceremony included comments by Swedish Deputy Prime Minister Maud Olofsson and U.S. Ambassador to Sweden Michael

290

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survey of Oregon Hybrid Gas-Electric Car Owners. Julysimilar disdain for non-hybrid compact cars. During her HEVefficient, non-hybrid compact or midsized car during their

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

similar disdain for non-hybrid compact cars. During her HEVSurvey of Oregon Hybrid Gas-Electric Car Owners. Julyefficient, non-hybrid compact or midsized car during their

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Ultracapacitor Technologies and Application in Hybrid and Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Battery for Hybrid Vehicle Applications. ProceedingsAF. Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Design and Performance.A, Thornton M. Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Analysis. NREL/MP-540-

Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Failure modes in high-power lithium-ion batteries for use in hybrid electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BATTERIES FOR USE IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES R. Kostecki,ion batteries for hybrid electric vehicles. Nine 18650-sizebatteries for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) applications.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Shuttle Buses Offer Free  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Shuttle Buses Offer Free Rides in Maryland to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Shuttle Buses Offer Free Rides in Maryland on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Shuttle Buses Offer Free Rides in Maryland on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Shuttle Buses Offer Free Rides in Maryland on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Shuttle Buses Offer Free Rides in Maryland on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Shuttle Buses Offer Free Rides in Maryland on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Shuttle Buses Offer Free Rides in Maryland on AddThis.com... June 18, 2010

295

Vehicle Technologies Office: Draft Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Draft Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle R&D Plan to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Draft Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle R&D Plan on Facebook Tweet about...

296

Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? July 9, 2009 - 1:34am Addthis In Tuesday's entry, Francis X. Vogel from the Wisconsin Clean Cities...

297

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle Testing...

298

Predictive energy management for hybrid electric vehicles -Prediction horizon and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predictive energy management for hybrid electric vehicles - Prediction horizon and battery capacity of a combined hybrid electric vehicle. Keywords: Hybrid vehicles, Energy Management, Predictive control, Optimal on a sliding window in order to minimize the hybrid vehicle fuel consumption. For real time implementation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

299

Microsoft Word - Plug-in Hybrids.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Released on the Potential of Plug- Released on the Potential of Plug- In Hybrid Electric Vehicles JANUARY 2007 A new study released on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) found there is enough electric capacity to power plug-in vehicles across much of the nation. The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability supported researchers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to develop this study that found "off-peak" electricity production and transmission capacity could fuel 84 percent of the 198 million cars, pickup trucks, and sport utility vehicles (SUVs) in the nation if they were plug-in hybrid electrics. This is the first review of what the impacts would be of very high market penetrations of PHEVs. Researchers also found that in the Midwest and East there is sufficient

300

Power Conversion Apparatus and Method for Hybrid Electric and ...  

ORNL 2010-G01079/jcn UT-B ID 200701874 Power Conversion Apparatus and Method for Hybrid Electric and Electric Vehicle Engines Technology Summary

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Ultracapacitor Applications and Evaluation for Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Describes the use of ultracapacitors in advanced hybrid and electric vehicles and discusses thermal and electrical testing of lithium ion capacitors for HEV applications.

Pesaran, A.; Gonder, J.; Keyser, M.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Modeling Grid-Connected Hybrid Electric Vehicles Using ADVISOR  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presents an electric utility grid-connected energy management strategy for a parallel hybrid electric vehicle using ADVISOR, a modeling tool.

Markel, T.; Wipke, K.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Energy control strategy for a hybrid electric vehicle - Energy ...  

An energy control strategy (10) for a hybrid electric vehicle that controls an electric motor during bleed and charge modes of operation. The control strategy (10 ...

304

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Oregon Hybrid Gas-Electric Car Owners. July 2003. [14]of electric vehicles and the lack of stylish small car

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Tempe Transportation Division: LNG Turbine Hybrid Electric Buses  

SciTech Connect

Fact sheet describes the performance of liquefied natural gas (LNG) turbine hybrid electric buses used in Tempe's Transportation Division.

Not Available

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Energy Management Strategies for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Summarizes and compares potential energy management strategies for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, accounting for duty cycle distance.

Gonder, J.; Markel, T.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Vehicle Technologies Office: Plug-in Electric Vehicle Basics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Basics Basics Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), which include both plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all-electric vehicles, use electricity as either their primary fuel or to improve efficiency. Commonly Used PEV Terms All-electric vehicle (AEV) - A vehicle with plug-in capability; driving energy comes entirely from its battery. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) - A vehicle with plug-in capability; driving energy can come from either its battery or a liquid fuel like gasoline, diesel, or biofuels. Plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) - Any vehicle with plug-in capability. This includes AEVs and PHEVs. Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) - A vehicle that has an electric drive system and battery but does not have plug-in capability; driving energy comes only from liquid fuel.

308

Design and Optimization of Future Hybrid and Electric Propulsion Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design and Optimization of Future Hybrid and Electric Propulsion Systems: An Advanced Tool and Optimization of Future Hybrid and Electric Propulsion Systems: An Advanced Tool Integrated in a Complete Hybrid Electric Vehicle ICE Internal Combustion Engine IM Induction Machine IPM Internal Permanent Magnet

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

309

Edmund G. Brown, Jr. PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Edmund G. Brown, Jr. Governor PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE RESEARCH ROADMAP Davis Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Research Center June 2011 CEC-500-2010-039 #12; #12; Prepared By: UC Davis Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Research Center Dr. Thomas Turrentine, University

310

Modeling and Simulation of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INVITED P A P E R Modeling and Simulation of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Tools that can model embedded software as well as components, and can automate the details of electric and hybrid vehicle design of electric and hybrid vehicles. Different modeling methods such as physics-based Resistive Companion Form

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

311

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Targeted battery costs are $200-$300 per kWh. We note thatbattery cost is commonly measured in dollars per total kWh (

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Abstract--Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) represent a promising pathway to reduce greenhouse gas emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. EPA (2007d) eGrid2006 Version 2.1, Year 2004 Summary Tables. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Accessed from http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy- resources/egrid/index.html on July 29, 2008. EPA (2008

Hines, Paul

313

Learning from Consumers: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and Consumer Education, Outreach, and Market Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dependency of the U.S. on foreign oil Figure 8: Comparingnation’s dependence on foreign oil, requires urgent action.impacts and dependence on foreign oil, as well as sending a

Kurani, Kenneth S; Axsen, Jonn; Caperello, Nicolette; Davies, Jamie; Stillwater, Tai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost. Third, lithium-ion (Li-Ion) battery designs are betterclass of advanced battery using lithium-ion chemistry. LMS –Li-Ion battery technologies as follows: LCO: Lithium cobalt

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and from regenerative braking, and passes energy to theor from regenerative braking and uses the energy in the

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5, Shirouzu, N. (2007). Toyota Puts Off New Type of Batteryof one battery, e.g. Toyota’s concerns about safety with itssuccess, typified by the Toyota Prius. Currently, interest

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Type of Battery for Next Prius, The Wall Street Journal,typified by the Toyota Prius. Currently, interest has turneda plug-in version of the Prius, General Motors is working

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Learning from Consumers: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and Consumer Education, Outreach, and Market Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based on the stock Toyota Prius Energy Monitor and Fuelof the Project. Another Prius (purchased with funding fromused than in a conventional Prius and it is easier, though

Kurani, Kenneth S; Axsen, Jonn; Caperello, Nicolette; Davies, Jamie; Stillwater, Tai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of “acceptability”. Targeted battery costs are $200-$300 persafety will increase battery cost. Table E-1: Comparing PHEVthis report. 3.5 Costs Battery cost is thought to be one of

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a battery to the battery’s maximum capacity. Total Energyversion of the battery, with total energy capacity of (0.057Mass Battery “Goals” kW Peak Power kWh Energy Capacity years

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Secretary Chu Announces up to $10 Million to Support Plug-In Hybrid  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 Million to Support Plug-In Hybrid 0 Million to Support Plug-In Hybrid Electric School Buses Secretary Chu Announces up to $10 Million to Support Plug-In Hybrid Electric School Buses April 17, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -- As part of the Department of Energy's commitment to advancing the next generation of electric vehicles in the United States, Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced the selection of a new demonstration and testing project to develop a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) school bus to be used in fleets across the country. Navistar Corporation (Fort Wayne, IN) has been selected by the Department of Energy (DOE) for negotiation of a cost-shared award of up to $10 million to develop, test, and deploy an electric hybrid school bus. PHEVs will play an important role in achieving America's energy independence by

322

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Zero  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Purchase Vouchers to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Purchase Vouchers on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Purchase Vouchers on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Purchase Vouchers on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Purchase Vouchers on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Purchase Vouchers on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid

323

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) High Occupancy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid

324

Choices and Requirements of Batteries for EVs, HEVs, PHEVs (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation describes the choices available and requirements for batteries for electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

Pesaran, A. A.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Amgad Elgowainy and Michael Wang Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory LDV Workshop July26, 2010 2 2 2 Team Members 2  ANL's Energy Systems (ES) Division  Michael Wang (team leader)  Dan Santini  Anant Vyas  Amgad Elgowainy  Jeongwoo Han  Aymeric Rousseau  ANL's Decision and Information Sciences (DIS) Division:  Guenter Conzelmann  Leslie Poch  Vladimir Koritarov  Matt Mahalik  Thomas Veselka  Audun Botterud  Jianhui Wang  Jason Wang 3 3 3 Scope of Argonne's PHEV WTW Analysis: Vehicle Powertrain Systems and Fuel Pathways 3  Vehicle powertrain systems:  Conventional international combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs)

326

PHEV and Grid Interfacing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerated Testing and Modeling of Accelerated Testing and Modeling of Utility-Scale Power Electronic Devices Annual DOE Peer Review Meeting - 2008 DOE Power Electronics Research Program Washington Fairmont Hotel Washington, DC 30 September 2008 A. A. Wereszczak* and B. Ozpineci** * Materials Science and Technology Division ** Energy and Transportation Science Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Oak Ridge, TN, 37831 Research sponsored by the Electric Delivery Technologies Program, DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 with UT-Battelle, LLC. Funded by the Power Electronics Program of the U.S. Department Of Energy (DOE/PE) through Oak Ridge National Laboratories 2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy System Reliability

327

Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems July 2, 2012 - 8:21pm Addthis Because the peak operating times for wind and solar systems occur at different times of the day and year, hybrid systems are more likely to produce power when you need it. Because the peak operating times for wind and solar systems occur at different times of the day and year, hybrid systems are more likely to produce power when you need it. How does it work? A small "hybrid" electric system that combines wind and solar technologies can offer several advantages over either single system. According to many renewable energy experts, a small "hybrid" electric system that combines home wind electric and home solar electric (photovoltaic or PV) technologies offers several advantages over either

328

Charge allocation for hybrid electrical energy storage systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid electrical energy storage (HEES) systems, composed of multiple banks of heterogeneous electrical energy storage (EES) elements with their unique strengths and weaknesses, have been introduced to efficiently store and retrieve electrical energy ... Keywords: charge allocation, charge management, hybrid electrical energy storage system

Qing Xie; Yanzhi Wang; Younghyun Kim; Naehyuck Chang; Massoud Pedram

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Towards Optimal Energy Store-Carry-and-Deliver for PHEVs via V2G System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electric vehicle (PHEV) with a realistic battery model, which is general for both battery electric cars, Weihua Zhuang, and Xuemin (Sherman) Shen Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University to enable bidirectional energy delivery between the power grid and plug- in electric vehicles. Communication

Zhuang, Weihua

330

Improving Petroleum Displacement Potential of PHEVs Using Enhanced Charging Scenarios: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5730 5730 May 2009 Improving Petroleum Displacement Potential of PHEVs Using Enhanced Charging Scenarios Preprint T. Markel, K. Smith, and A.A. Pesaran Presented at EVS-24 International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium Stavanger, Norway May 13-16, 2009 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (ASE), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and ASE retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

331

PHEV and Grid Interfacing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Materials and Processes for High Materials and Processes for High Temperature Packaging of Power Electronic Devices G. Muralidharan, A. Kercher, M. L. Santella, R. Battiste Materials Science and Technology Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN L. Seiber, and Burak Ozpineci Engineering Science and Technology Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sept. 30, 2008 Energy Storage and Power Electronics Peer Review 2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Power Electronics research needs are necessary at many levels System Reliability Next Generation Equipment Power Electronic Module Development Applied Materials Research This project addresses these two levels 3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Purpose of Work  Realization of the future electric grid depends on the availability of

332

Impact of SiC Devices on Hybrid Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the 2004 Toyota Prius HEV, the other is a plug-in HEV (PHEV), whose powertrain architecture is the same as that of the 2004 Toyota Prius HEV. The vehicle-level benefits from the introduction of the SiC devices is the 2004 Toyota Prius HEV, which has a split powertrain architecture shown in Fig. 1. The other is a plug

Tolbert, Leon M.

333

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles' Potential for Petroleum Use...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

battery and ICE energy use under several different driving patterns, varying in average speed and aggressiveness of driving. A DISCUSSION OF HEV, PHEV, and EV TYPES Parallel...

334

A Plug-in Hybrid Consumer Choice Model with Detailed Market Segmentation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes a consumer choice model for projecting U.S. demand for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) in competition among 13 light-duty vehicle technologies over the period 2005-2050. New car buyers are disaggregated by region, residential area, attitude toward technology risk, vehicle usage intensity, home parking and work recharging. The nested multinomial logit (NMNL) model of vehicle choice incorporates daily vehicle usage distributions, refueling and recharging availability, technology learning by doing, and diversity of choice among makes and models. Illustrative results are presented for a Base Case, calibrated to the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) 2009 Reference Updated Case, and an optimistic technology scenario reflecting achievement of U.S. Department of Energy s (DOE s) FreedomCAR goals. PHEV market success is highly dependent on the degree of technological progress assumed. PHEV sales reach one million in 2037 in the Base Case but in 2020 in the FreedomCARGoals Case. In the FreedomCARGoals Case, PHEV cumulative sales reach 1.5 million by 2015. Together with efficiency improvements in other technologies, petroleum use in 2050 is reduced by about 45% from the 2005 level. After technological progress, PHEV s market success appears to be most sensitive to recharging availability, consumers attitudes toward novel echnologies, and vehicle usage intensity. Successful market penetration of PHEVs helps bring down battery costs for electric vehicles (EVs), resulting in a significant EV market share after 2040.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Regional Economic Impacts of Electric Drive Vehicles and Technologies: Case Study of the Greater Cleveland Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), which combine desirable aspects of battery electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles, offer owners the advantages of increased fuel efficiency and lower annual fuel bills without concern for dead batteries, long recharge time, or limited range. This study examines the potential regional economic impacts due to increasing electric transportation in the Greater Cleveland Area (GCA). By applying regional input-output (RIO) analysis, the study determines the imp...

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

336

Testing Electric Vehicle Demand in "Hybrid Households" Using a Reflexive Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In contrast to a hybrid vehicle whichcombines multiple1994) "Demand Electric Vehicles in Hybrid for Households:or 180 mile hybrid electric vehicle. Natural gas vehicles (

Kurani, Kenneth S.; Turrentine, Thomas; Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

NREL: Fleet Test and Evaluation - Hybrid Electric Drive Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Drive Systems Hybrid Electric Drive Systems The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team conducts performance evaluations of hybrid electric drive systems in fleets of delivery vehicles and transit buses. Hybrid electric drive systems combine a primary power source, an energy storage system, and an electric motor to achieve a combination of emissions, fuel economy, and range benefits unattainable with any of these technologies alone. Hybrid electric drive systems use less petroleum-based fuel and capture energy created during breaking and idling. This collected energy is used to propel the vehicle during normal drive cycles. The batteries supply additional power for acceleration and hill climbing. Learn more about the team's hybrid electric drive system evaluations: Delivery Vehicles

338

Internal combustion electric power hybrid power plant  

SciTech Connect

An internal combustion-electric motor hybrid power plant for an automotive vehicle is disclosed. The power plant includes an internal combustion engine and a direct current electric motor generator which are connected to a drive shaft for the vehicle. A clutch mechanism is provided to connect the internal combustion engine, the direct current electric motor generator and the drive shaft for selectively engaging and disengaging the drive shaft with the internal combustion engine and the motor generator. A storage battery is electrically connected to the motor generator to supply current to and receive current therefrom. Thermoelectric semi-conductors are arranged to be heated by the waste heat of the internal combustion engine. These thermoelectric semi-conductors are electrically connected to the battery to supply current thereto. The thermoelectric semi-conductors are mounted in contact with the outer surfaces of the exhaust pipe of the internal combustion engine and also with the outer surfaces of the cylinder walls of the engine.

Cummings, T.A.

1979-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

339

NREL: Learning - Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Photo of a parked blue compact car with large decals on the doors stating that it is a plug-in hybrid achieving more than 120 miles per gallon....

340

Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Technology: TOPTEC  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Today, growing awareness of environmental and energy issues associated with the automobile has resulted in renewed interest in the electric vehicle. In recognition of this, the Society of Automotive Engineers has added a TOPTEC on electric vehicles to the series of technical symposia focused on key issues currently facing industry and government. This workshop on the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle provides an opportunity to learn about recent progress in these rapidly changing technologies. Research and development of both the vehicle and battery system has accelerated sharply and in fact, the improved technologies of the powertrain system make the performance of today's electric vehicle quite comparable to the equivalent gasoline vehicle, with the exception of driving range between refueling'' stops. Also, since there is no tailpipe emission, the electric vehicle meets the definition of Zero Emission Vehicle: embodied in recent air quality regulations. The discussion forum will include a review of the advantages and limitations of electric vehicles, where the technologies are today and where they need to be in order to get to production level vehicles, and the service and maintenance requirements once they get to the road. There will be a major focus on the status of battery technologies, the various approaches to recharge of the battery systems and the activities currently underway for developing standards throughout the vehicle and infrastructure system. Intermingled in all of this technology discussion will be a view of the new relationships emerging between the auto industry, the utilities, and government. Since the electric vehicle and its support system will be the most radical change ever introduced into the private vehicle sector of the transportation system, success in the market requires an understanding of the role of all of the partners, as well as the new technologies involved.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Technology: TOPTEC  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Today, growing awareness of environmental and energy issues associated with the automobile has resulted in renewed interest in the electric vehicle. In recognition of this, the Society of Automotive Engineers has added a TOPTEC on electric vehicles to the series of technical symposia focused on key issues currently facing industry and government. This workshop on the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle provides an opportunity to learn about recent progress in these rapidly changing technologies. Research and development of both the vehicle and battery system has accelerated sharply and in fact, the improved technologies of the powertrain system make the performance of today`s electric vehicle quite comparable to the equivalent gasoline vehicle, with the exception of driving range between ``refueling`` stops. Also, since there is no tailpipe emission, the electric vehicle meets the definition of ``Zero Emission Vehicle: embodied in recent air quality regulations. The discussion forum will include a review of the advantages and limitations of electric vehicles, where the technologies are today and where they need to be in order to get to production level vehicles, and the service and maintenance requirements once they get to the road. There will be a major focus on the status of battery technologies, the various approaches to recharge of the battery systems and the activities currently underway for developing standards throughout the vehicle and infrastructure system. Intermingled in all of this technology discussion will be a view of the new relationships emerging between the auto industry, the utilities, and government. Since the electric vehicle and its support system will be the most radical change ever introduced into the private vehicle sector of the transportation system, success in the market requires an understanding of the role of all of the partners, as well as the new technologies involved.

Not Available

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Testing Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Testing Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Testing Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Testing Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Testing Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Testing Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative

343

hybrid electric vehicle and lithium polymer nev testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

P1.2 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle and Lithium Polymer NEV Testing P1.2 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle and Lithium Polymer NEV Testing James Edward Francfort Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Idaho National Laboratory P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID. 83415-3830 james.francfort@inl.gov Abstract: The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity tests hybrid electric, pure electric, and other advanced technology vehicles. As part of this testing, 28 hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) are being tested in fleet, dynamometer, and closed track environments. This paper discusses some of the HEV test results, with an emphasis on the battery performance of the HEVs. It also discusses the testing results for a small electric vehicle with a lithium polymer traction battery. Keywords: hybrid; neighborhood; electric; battery; fuel;

344

Total Thermal Management System for Hybrid and Full Electric Vehicles  

Total Thermal Management System for Hybrid and Full Electric Vehicles Note: The technology described above is an early stage opportunity. Licensing rights to this ...

345

Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-- not connected to an electricity distribution system. For the times when neither the wind nor the solar system are producing, most hybrid systems provide power through...

346

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Procedures to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Specifications and Test Procedures on Facebook Tweet about Advanced...

347

United Parcel Service Evaluates Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fuel economy than comparable conventional vans. United Parcel Service Evaluates Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans Advanced Vehicle Testing This project is part of a series of...

348

DOE News Release - DOE Conducts Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

21, 2003 DOE conducts Hybrid Electric Vehicle testing The U.S. Department of Energy, through its Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, is Baseline Performance and Fleet testing the...

349

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - Hybrid Electric Vehicle and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

max speed, braking, & handling DOE - Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing * Fleet and accelerated reliability testing - 6 Honda Insights...

350

Case Study: Ebus Hybrid Electric Buses and Trolleys  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Evaluation focuses on the demonstration of hybrid electric buses and trolleys produced by Ebus Inc. at the Indianapolis Transportation Corporation and the Knoxville Area Transit.

Barnitt, R.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Flywheel Energy Storage Device for Hybrid and Electric ...  

Technology Marketing Summary This cost-effective technology stores and reuses what would otherwise be wasted energy inside a hybrid electric vehicle ...

352

An Ultracapacitor - Battery Energy Storage System for Hybrid Electric Vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The nickel metal hydride (NiMH) batteries used in most hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) provide satisfactory performance but are quite expensive. In spite of their lower… (more)

Stienecker, Adam W

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Control Strategy Based on Power Loss Calculations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Defining an operation strategy for a Split Parallel Architecture (SPA) Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) is accomplished through calculating powertrain component losses. The results of these… (more)

Boyd, Steven J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Advanced design and simulation of a hybrid electric vehicle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis illustrates the modeling of power electronics components for a two- mode hybrid electric vehicle. The model designed is for a Texas Tech University… (more)

Sidhanthi, Swathi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

ETA-HTP02 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Acceleration, Gradeability...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Revision 0 Effective November 1, 2004 Implementation of SAE Standard J1666 May93 "Hybrid Electric Vehicle Acceleration, Gradeability, and Deceleration Test Procedure" Prepared by...

356

Design, simulation, and construction of a series hybrid electric vehicle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis evaluates a series hybrid electric drivetrain design for use in parking patrol vehicles. Due to the particular attributes of this application, it is… (more)

Northcott, Daniel Ross

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing Reports to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing Reports on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity:...

358

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Review  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Technologies Program - Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Review Final Report Battelle Energy Alliance Contract...

359

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicle Specificati...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Test Procedures to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicle Specifications and Test Procedures on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle...

360

Electrochemical Capacitors as Energy Storage in Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: Present Status and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

batteries and ultracapacitors for electric vehicles. EVS24Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposiumpublications on electric and hybrid vehicle technology and

Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

NREL: Learning - Fuel Cell, Hybrid Electric, and Plug-In Hybrid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cell, Hybrid Electric, and Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles Photo of a small blue subcompact vehicle in a roadway with other vehicles and foothills in the background. Experimental fuel...

362

Computer Aided Design Tool for Electric, Hybrid Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research is focused on designing a new generation of CAD tools that could help a ”hybrid vehicle” designer with the design process to come up with better vehicle configurations. The conventional design process for any type of hybrid-electric vehicle would start from the vehicle performance criteria and continue by applying them to the physical models of di?erent components of the vehicle. The final result would be strict and precise characteristics of all components in the vehicle; this scenario gives only one option for the desired vehicle. A new perspective is introduced in developing a new methodology in the art of design. This new method enables the designer to see a wider picture of what he is designing and have access to all his options and capabilities. The method is designed to help the designer ask the right questions about his design options, intelligently guide him through the design process by squeezing the space of solutions and take him to the final designed product. The new methodology is implemented in this research with the following capabilities: 1. The proposed tool allows the designer to choose any arbitrary set of variable to be known and leave the rest as the ones to be solved for; either they are vehicle component characteristic variables or performance measures. This provides a great amount of flexibility and success in designing a vehicle from any available information about it. 2. Instead of starting from single values, the new tool can work with a range of possible values for the known variables and suggest range of feasible values for the unknown variables. This provides the capability of refining the design even further and performing sensitivity analysis. 3. The proposed tool is a package that o?ers both design and simulation capabilities. It includes analytical performance simulation as well as simulation with arbitrary drive cycles and engine controllers. 4. Capability of 1D, 2D and 3D representation of any arbitrary set of design variables in the solution space. The idea is implemented in a pilot version software package for vehicle design.

Eskandari Halvaii, Ali

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

A Comparative Evaluation of Candidate Plug-in Hybrid Powertrain Architectures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report evaluates three existing plug-in hybrid powertrain architecturespre-transmission, power-split, and series. Using simulation software, these powertrains were scaled so they could be compared side-to-side, each vehicle's components meeting the all-electric range targets for plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV) configurations. These powertrains were evaluated according to performance, emissions, fuel economy / fuel consumption, equivalent electric range, powertrain design, battery selection, and vehicl...

2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

364

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study - Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PHEVs have been the subject of growing interest in recent years because of their potential for reduced operating costs, oil displacement, national security, and environmental benefits. Despite the potential long-term savings to consumers and value to stakeholders, the initial cost of PHEVs presents a major market barrier to their widespread commercialization. The study Objectives are: (1) To identify and evaluate value-added propositions for PHEVs that will help overcome the initial price premium relative to comparable ICEs and HEVs and (2) to assess other non-monetary benefits and barriers associated with an emerging PHEV fleet, including environmental, societal, and grid impacts. Study results indicate that a single PHEV-30 on the road in 2030 will: (1) Consume 65% and 75% less gasoline than a comparable HEV and ICE, respectively; (2) Displace 7.25 and 4.25 barrels of imported oil each year if substituted for equivalent ICEs and HEVs, respectively, assuming 60% of the nation's oil consumed is imported; (3) Reduce net ownership cost over 10 years by 8-10% relative to a comparable ICE and be highly cost competitive with a comparable HEV; (4) Use 18-22% less total W2W energy than a comparable ICE, but 8-13% more than a comparable HEV (assuming a 70/30 split of E10 and E85 use in 2030); and (5) Emit 10% less W2W CO{sub 2} than equivalent ICEs in southern California and emits 13% more W2W CO{sub 2} than equivalent ICEs in the ECAR region. This also assumes a 70/30 split of E10 and E85 use in 2030. PHEVs and other plug-in vehicles on the road in 2030 may offer many valuable benefits to utilities, business owners, individual consumers, and society as a whole by: (1) Promoting national energy security by displacing large volumes of imported oil; (2) Supporting a secure economy through the expansion of domestic vehicle and component manufacturing; (3) Offsetting the vehicle's initial price premium with lifetime operating cost savings (e.g., lower fuel and maintenance costs); (4) Supporting the use of off-peak renewable energy through smart charging practices. However, smart grid technology is not a prerequisite for realizing the benefits of PHEVs; and (5) Potentially using its bidirectional electricity flow capability to aid in emergency situations or to help better manage a building's or entire grid's load.

Sikes, Karen [Sentech, Inc.; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; McGill, Ralph N [ORNL; Cleary, Timothy [Sentech, Inc.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Innovative hybrid gas/electric chiller cogeneration  

SciTech Connect

January Progress--A kick-off meeting was held in San Diego with Alturdyne on January 21st. The proposed hybrid gas/electric chiller/cogenerator design concept was discussed in detail. The requirements and functionality of the key component, a variable speed, constant frequency motor/generator was presented. Variations of the proposed design were also discussed based on their technical feasibility, cost and market potential. The discussion is documented in a Trip Report. February Progress--After significant GRI/Alturdyne discussion regarding alternative product design concepts, the team made a decision to continue with the proposed product design, a hybrid chiller capable of also providing emergency power. The primary benefits are: (a) the flexibility and operating cost savings associated with the product's dual fuel capability and (b) the emergency power feature. A variable speed, constant frequency motor/generator would significantly increase the cost of the product while providing marginal benefit. (The variable speed, constant frequency motor generator is estimated to cost $25,000 versus $4,000 for a constant speed version). In addition, the interconnection requirements to the electric grid would significantly limit market penetration of the product. We will proceed with a motor/generator design capable of serving as the electric prime mover for the compressor as well as the generator for emergency power needs. This component design is being discussed with two motor manufacturers. The first generation motor/generator will not be a variable speed, constant frequency design. The variable speed, constant frequency capability can be an advancement that is included at a later time. The induction motor/synchronous generator starts as a wound rotor motor with a brushless exciter and control electronics to switch between induction mode and synchronous mode. The exciter is a three-phase exciter with three phase rotating diode assembly. In the induction motor mode, the field windings are shorted out by SCRs located across the field. In the synchronous mode, a small ct on one of the exciter leads would power the rotating exciter electronics. Upon sensing exciter current, the electronics would automatically open the SCRs allowing synchronous operation. Quotes will be obtained from American Motor and Reuland, two motor/generator vendors. March Progress--A product layout was completed. The width is reduced significantly from the original hybrid design because the evaporator and condenser tube in shell heat exchangers are located below the engine/motor/compressor drive-line. Alturdyne is searching for a consultant to perform a drive-line torsional analysis. This analysis is necessary to ensure that the drive-line is not subject to undue vibrations operating through its entire speed range. Much effort was directed toward motor/generator selection. A decision was made to use Reuland Electric. A motor with double-end shafts will be purchased. The design effort which will be completed at Alturdyne will involve the modification of the wound rotor motor to also provide synchronous power. Work has been completed on developing the new controller which will be utilized for the original hybrid product as well as this advanced product. Work continues toward developing a manufacturing cost estimate. A detailed bill of material will be developed for the product. Key components include the engine, compressor and motor/generator.

Nowakowski, G.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Simulations of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Using Advanced Lithium Batteries and Ultracapacitors on Various Driving Cycles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Batteries for Hybrid Vehicle Applications, 23 rdSimulations of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles using Advancedultracapacitors in plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) with high

Burke, Andy; Zhao, Hengbing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Research on optimal control method of hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy saving and environmental protection are the two main themes of today's auto industry development. The hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) has become one of the most practical significant ways to solve energy and emission problems with good fuel economy ... Keywords: Hybrid electric vehicle, control strategy, energy efficiency, optimization method, system efficiency

Jing Lian, Hu Han, Linhui Li, Yafu Zhou, Jian Feng

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Hybrid or electric vehicles? A real options perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the decision of an automaker concerning the alternative promotion of a hybrid vehicle (HV) and a full electric vehicle (EV). We evaluate the HV project by considering the option to change promotion from the HV to the EV in the ... Keywords: Alternative projects, American options on multiple assets, Exercise region, Hybrid and electric vehicles, Real options

Michi Nishihara

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Computer aided design tool for electric, hybrid electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research is focused on designing a new generation of CAD tools that could help a ”hybrid vehicle” designer with the design process to come up with better vehicle configurations.The conventional design process for any type ...

Ali Eskandari Halvaii / Mehrdad Ehsani

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Ultracapacitors for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles - Performance Requirements, Status of the Technology, and R&D Needs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5. Burke, A.F. , Electric/Hybrid Vehicle Super Car Designsin Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, SAE Paper No. 951951,for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles - A Technology Update,

Burke, Andrew F

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Combining stated and revealed choice research to simulate the neighbor effect: The case of hybrid-electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s early market for hybrid electric vehicles. TransportationThe case of hybrid-electric vehicles Jonn Axsen a, *, Deanpreferences Hybrid-electric vehicles Discrete choice model

Axsen, Jonn; Mountain, Dean C.; Jaccard, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Symbolism in California’s Early Market for Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Why would anyone buy a hybrid electric vehicle? FirstUS in 1999, hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are a radicalearly market for hybrid electric vehicles Reid R. He?ner * ,

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Testing Electric Vehicle Demand in `Hybrid Households' Using a Reflexive Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or 180 mile hybrid electric vehicle. Natural gas vehicles (1994) Demand for Electric Vehicles in Hybrid Households: A nof Electric, Hybrid and Other Alternative Vehicles. A r t h

Kurani, Kenneth; Turrentine, Thomas; Sperling, Daniel

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR HYBRID-ELECTRIC VEHICLES 4.1Engines13. Burke, A.F. , Hybrid/Electric Vehicle Design Options andOperation for Hybrid/Electric Vehicles, SAE Paper 930042,

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Electrochemical Capacitors as Energy Storage in Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: Present Status and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ultracapacitors, fuel cells and hybrid vehicle design. Dr.on electric and hybrid vehicle technology and applicationssupervises testing in the Hybrid Vehicle Propulsion Systems

Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Comparison of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Life Across Geographies and Drive-Cycles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In a laboratory environment, it is cost prohibitive to run automotive battery aging experiments across a wide range of possible ambient environment, drive cycle and charging scenarios. Since worst-case scenarios drive the conservative sizing of electric-drive vehicle batteries, it is useful to understand how and why those scenarios arise and what design or control actions might be taken to mitigate them. In an effort to explore this problem, this paper applies a semi-empirical life model of the graphite/nickel-cobalt-aluminum lithium-ion chemistry to investigate impacts of geographic environments under storage and simplified cycling conditions. The model is then applied to analyze complex cycling conditions, using battery charge/discharge profiles generated from simulations of PHEV10 and PHEV40 vehicles across 782 single-day driving cycles taken from Texas travel survey data.

Smith, K.; Warleywine, M.; Wood, E.; Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents a comparison of the costs and benefits (reduced petroleum consumption) of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles relative to hybrid electric and conventional vehicles.

Markel, T.; Simpson, A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Forecasting electricity demand by hybrid machine learning model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a hybrid machine learning model for electricity demand forecasting, based on Bayesian Clustering by Dynamics (BCD) and Support Vector Machine (SVM). In the proposed model, a BCD classifier is firstly applied to cluster the input data ...

Shu Fan; Chengxiong Mao; Jiadong Zhang; Luonan Chen

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Flywheel Energy Storage Device for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles  

ORNL 2011-G00218/jcn UT-B ID 200701859 07.2011 Flywheel Energy Storage Device for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles Technology Summary This cost-effective technology ...

380

Optimally controlling hybrid electric vehicles using path forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) with path-forecasting belong to the class of fuel efficient vehicles, which use external sensory information and powertrains with multiple operating modes in order to increase fuel economy. ...

Katsargyri, Georgia-Evangelina

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

On Road Fuel Economy Performance of Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Road Fuel Economy Performance of Hybrid Electric Vehicles Lee Slezak Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies U.S. Department of Energy Jim Francfort Advanced Vehicle Testing...

382

Path dependent receding horizon control policies for hybrid electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Future hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) may use path-dependent operating policies to improve fuel economy. In our previous work, we developed a dynamic programming (DP) algorithm for prescribing the battery state of charge ...

Kolmanovsky, Ilya V.

383

Optimally Controlling Hybrid Electric Vehicles using Path Forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper examines path-dependent control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs). In this approach we seek to improve HEV fuel economy by optimizing charging and discharging of the vehicle battery depending on the forecasted ...

Kolmanovsky, Ilya V.

384

Toyota prius hybrid electric Fleet and Accelerated Reliability...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I (Gen I) Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Vehicle Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing (Model Years 2002 and 2003) - September 2006 A total of six Generation I (Model Years 2002...

385

Electric Vehicles, Hybrid Vehicles, and the California Zero Emission...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Vehicles, Hybrid Vehicles, and the California Zero Emission Mandate Speaker(s): Ron Chestnut Date: October 26, 2000 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 The California Air...

386

FedEx Express Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FedEx Express Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation: 12-Month Report R. Barnitt Technical Report NRELTP-5400-48896 January 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the...

387

Route-Based Control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Today's hybrid electric vehicle controls cannot always provide maximum fuel savings over all drive cycles. Route-based controls could improve HEV fuel efficiency by 2%-4% and help save nearly 6.5 million gallons of fuel annually.

Gonder, J. D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Performance Analysis of Photovoltaic Cell with Dynamic PHEV Loads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance Analysis of Photovoltaic Cell with Dynamic PHEV Loads F. R. Islam, H. R. Pota, M. S. Rahman and M. S. Ali Abstract--This paper presents the dynamics of photovoltaic (PV) cell with Plug for charging PHEVs with PV cell where PHEVs load are modelled based on third order battery model. System

Pota, Himanshu Roy

389

Improved layered mixed transition metal oxides for Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vehicles (EV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs),or hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). To reduce materialsapplications (plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and

Doeff, Marca M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

A Multi-Level Grid Interactive Bi-directional AC/DC-DC/AC Converter and a Hybrid Battery/Ultra-capacitor Energy Storage System with Integrated Magnetics for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study presents a bi-directional multi-level power electronic interface for the grid interactions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) as well as a novel bi-directional power electronic converter for the combined operation of battery/ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage systems (ESS). The grid interface converter enables beneficial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) interactions in a high power quality and grid friendly manner; i.e, the grid interface converter ensures that all power delivered to/from grid has unity power factor and almost zero current harmonics. The power electronic converter that provides the combined operation of battery/ultra-capacitor system reduces the size and cost of the conventional ESS hybridization topologies while reducing the stress on the battery, prolonging the battery lifetime, and increasing the overall vehicle performance and efficiency. The combination of hybrid ESS is provided through an integrated magnetic structure that reduces the size and cost of the inductors of the ESS converters. Simulation and experimental results are included as prove of the concept presenting the different operation modes of the proposed converters.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

2007 Nissan Altima-7982 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Nissan Altima hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number 1N4CL21E27C177982). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Grey; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

2007 Toyota Camry-6330 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Camry hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTNBB46K673006330). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The AVTA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct AVTA for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

2006 Toyota Highlander-5681 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Highlander hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTEDW21A860005681). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

2007 Toyota Camry-6330 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Camry hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTNBB46K673006330). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The AVTA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct AVTA for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

2007 Nissan Altima-7982 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Nissan Altima hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number 1N4CL21E27C177982). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Grey; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

2007 Toyota Camry-7129 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Camry hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTNBB46K773007129). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

2007 Toyota Camry-7129 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Camry hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTNBB46K773007129). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

2006 Toyota Highlander-5681 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Highlander hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTEDW21A860005681). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Electromagnetic gearing applications in hybrid-electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, the operation of electric machines as three port devices is studied in detail. Electric machines used in this manner are referred to as electromagnetic gears in this research. All possible steady-state operating modes of these three-port devices have been explained in this thesis. Mathematical models for operating a switched reluctance machine and a separately excited dc machine as electromagnetic gears have been derived. These models have been used for simulating the performance of electromagnetic gears under various operating conditions. Electromagnetic gears can be used in hybrid electric propulsion systems as power sharing devices. This thesis explains the detailed operation of a new hybrid propulsion system utilizing electromagnetic gears. This propulsion system was proposed by Dr. M. Ehsani and has been named the "Transmotor Hybrid". The limitation of this propulsion system has also been explained in this thesis. The application of electromagnetic gears in hybrid propulsion systems has been described in detail in this research.

Sodhi, Sameer

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Testing Electric Vehicle Demand in `Hybrid Households' Using a Reflexive Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

travel by electric and hybrid vehicles. SAE Technical PapersIn contrast to a hybrid vehicle which combines multipleElectric, Hybrid and Other Alternative Vehicles. A r t h u r

Kurani, Kenneth; Turrentine, Thomas; Sperling, Daniel

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Hybrid Cascaded H-bridges Multilevel Motor Drive Control for Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid Cascaded H-bridges Multilevel Motor Drive Control for Electric Vehicles Zhong Du1 , Leon M for electric/hybrid electric vehicles where each phase of a three-phase cascaded multilevel converter can vehicle motor drive applications and hybrid electric vehicle motor drive applications. Keywords: hybrid

Tolbert, Leon M.

402

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data for modeling the 2030 power system. The load forecasts, fuel price forecasts, and generation.37 Electrical Accessory Load (W) 260 260 260 A/C Load (W)8 1088 1088 1344 Engine Specific Power (W/kg) 920 920Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study Phase 1, Task 2: Select Value Propositions

Pennycook, Steve

403

Physical model of a hybrid electric drive train  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A motor and flywheel system was designed to simulate the dynamics of the electric drive train and inertial mass of a hybrid electric vehicle. The model will serve as a test bed for students in 2.672 to study the energy ...

Young, Brady W. (Brady William)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Hybrid energy storage systems and battery management for electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric vehicles (EV) are considered as a strong alternative of internal combustion engine vehicles expecting lower carbon emission. However, their actual benefits are not yet clearly verified while the energy efficiency can be improved in many ways. ... Keywords: battery-supercapacitor hybrid, charging/discharging asymmetry, electric vehicle, regenerative braking

Sangyoung Park, Younghyun Kim, Naehyuck Chang

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Testing hybrid electric vehicle emissions and fuel economy at the 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Challenge  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

From June 12--20, 1994, an engineering design competition called the 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Challenge was held in Southfield, Michigan. This collegiate-level competition, which involved 36 colleges and universities from across North America, challenged the teams to build a superior HEV. One component of this comprehensive competition was the emissions event. Special HEV testing procedures were developed for the competition to find vehicle emissions and correct for battery state-of-charge while fitting into event time constraints. Although there were some problems with a newly-developed data acquisition system, they were able to get a full profile of the best performing vehicles as well as other vehicles that represent typical levels of performance from the rest of the field. This paper will explain the novel test procedures, present the emissions and fuel economy results, and provide analysis of second-by-second data for several vehicles.

Duoba, M.; Quong, S.; LeBlanc, N.; Larsen, R.P.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Analysis of data from electric and hybrid electric vehicle student competitions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy sponsored several student engineering competitions in 1993 that provided useful information on electric and hybrid electric vehicles. The electrical energy usage from these competitions has been recorded with a custom-built digital meter installed in every vehicle and used under controlled conditions. When combined with other factors, such as vehicle mass, speed, distance traveled, battery type, and type of components, this information provides useful insight into the performance characteristics of electrics and hybrids. All the vehicles tested were either electric vehicles or hybrid vehicles in electric-only mode, and had an average energy economy of 7.0 km/kwh. Based on the performance of the ``ground-up`` hybrid electric vehicles in the 1993 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Challenge, data revealed a I km/kwh energy economy benefit for every 133 kg decrease in vehicle mass. By running all the electric vehicles at a competition in Atlanta at several different constant speeds, the effects of rolling resistance and aerodynamic drag were evaluated. On average, these vehicles were 32% more energy efficient at 40 km/h than at 72 km/h. The results of the competition data analysis confirm that these engineering competitions not only provide an educational experience for the students, but also show technology performance and improvements in electric and hybrid vehicles by setting benchmarks and revealing trends.

Wipke, K.B. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Hill, N.; Larsen, R.P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing (Batteries and Fuel Economies)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Hybrid Electric Vehicle Energy Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery and Fuel Economy Testing Donald Karner a , James Francfort b a Electric Transportation Applications 401 South 2nd Avenue, Phoenix, AZ 85003, USA b Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415, USA Abstract The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), part of the U.S. Department of Energy's FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program, has conducted testing of advanced technology vehicles since August, 1995 in support of the AVTA goal to provide benchmark data for technology modeling, and research and development programs. The AVTA has tested over 200 advanced technology vehicles including full size electric vehicles, urban electric vehicles, neighborhood electric vehicles, and hydrogen internal combustion engine powered vehicles.

408

Electric Vehicles: Characterizing Consumers' Interest and Infrastructure Expectations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI and Southern California Edison (SCE) undertook the design and implementation of a survey to characterize consumers' perceptions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and their expectations of their electric utility as the supplier of transportation energy and associated services. The objective was to develop and test a survey instrument and associated analytical methods that could subsequently be employed by utilities and other entities to inform local stakeholders about consumers' perspective...

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

409

Performance, Charging, and Second-use Considerations for Lithium Batteries for Plug-in Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

chemistries Simulations of Prius plug-in hybrids have beenSimulation results for Prius PHEVs using various lithium-ionSimulation results for Prius PHEVs using various lithium-ion

Burke, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

FY11 annual Report: PHEV Engine Control and Energy Management Strategy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Objectives are to: (1) Investigate novel engine control strategies targeted at rapid engine/catalyst warming for the purpose of mitigating tailpipe emissions from plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) exposed to multiple engine cold start events; and (2) Validate and optimize hybrid supervisory control techniques developed during previous and on-going research projects by integrating them into the vehicle level control system and complementing them with the modified engine control strategies in order to further reduce emissions during both cold start and engine re-starts. Approach used are: (1) Perform a literature search of engine control strategies used in conventional powertrains to reduce cold start emissions; (2) Develop an open source engine controller providing full access to engine control strategies in order to implement new engine/catalyst warm-up behaviors; (3) Modify engine cold start control algorithms and characterize impact on cold start behavior; and (4) Develop an experimental Engine-In-the-Loop test stand in order to validate control methodologies and verify transient thermal behavior and emissions of the real engine when combined with a virtual hybrid powertrain. Some major accomplishments are: (1) Commissioned a prototype engine controller on a GM Ecotec 2.4l direct injected gasoline engine on an engine test cell at the University of Tennessee. (2) Obtained from Bosch (with GM's approval) an open calibration engine controller for a GM Ecotec LNF 2.0l Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection engine. Bosch will support the bypass of cold start strategies if calibration access proves insufficient. The LNF engine and its open controller were commissioned on an engine test cell at ORNL. (3) Completed a literature search to identify key engine cold start control parameters and characterized their impact on the real engine using the Bosch engine controller to calibrate them. (4) Ported virtual hybrid vehicle model from offline simulation environment to real-time Hardware-In-the-Loop platform.

Chambon, Paul H [ORNL

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

The relative attractiveness of electric and hybrid passenger cars  

SciTech Connect

The relative attractiveness of electric and hybrid (electric/heat engine) subcompact passenger cars was studied by comparing the total vehicle weight, selling price, ownership cost, and total energy use of computer-synthesized designs having the same power-to-weight ratio and using batteries based on the same technology. It was found that in all respects the hybrid designs were more attractive than the all-electric designs, with the advantages of the hybrids increasing significantly as the power-to-weight ratio was increased. The comparisons were made for city driving, and the relative attractiveness of the hybrid designs was found to be independent of annual mileage up to 12,000 miles/yr. Both hybrid and electric vehicles benefit markedly from the use of an advanced battery such as sodium-sulfur. Such a battery is required before the hybrid passenger car can save both gasoline and total energy compared to a conventional ICE car of the same size.

Burke, A.F.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Modeling, simulation, and analysis of series hybrid electric vehicles for fuel economy improvement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) propulsion system with an electric propulsion system. In a series HEV, an electric… (more)

Khandaker, Masuma

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Semiotics and Advanced Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Why it Matters to Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Demand for Electric Vehicles. Transportation Research Ain Relation to the Electric Vehicle. Science, Technology,In Early Markets For Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Institute of

Heffner, Reid R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Testing Electric Vehicle Demand in `Hybrid Households' Using a Reflexive Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1994) Demand for Electric Vehicles in Hybrid Households: A nand the Household Electric Vehicle Market: A Constraintsthe mar- ket for electric vehicles in California. Presented

Kurani, Kenneth; Turrentine, Thomas; Sperling, Daniel

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Comparing the Benefits and Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Download report 1000349 for FREE. This project continues the Hybrid Electric Vehicle Working Group (WG) study, in which EPRI has brought together representatives from the utility and automotive industries, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), other regulatory agencies, and university research organizations. The first study, "Assessment of Current Knowledge of Hybrid Vehicle Characteristics and Impacts" (EPRI report TR-113201), defined some of the ground rules for studying HEV technology. This stu...

2001-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

416

Electric machine for hybrid motor vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power system for a motor vehicle having an internal combustion engine and an electric machine is disclosed. The electric machine has a stator, a permanent magnet rotor, an uncluttered rotor spaced from the permanent magnet rotor, and at least one secondary core assembly. The power system also has a gearing arrangement for coupling the internal combustion engine to wheels on the vehicle thereby providing a means for the electric machine to both power assist and brake in relation to the output of the internal combustion engine.

Hsu, John Sheungchun (Oak Ridge, TN)

2007-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

417

Pictorial characterization of worldwide electric and hybrid vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The presentation given is intended to fulfill the several objectives of (1) documenting the pictorial review presented during ERDA's March 1, 1977, Conference on the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Demonstration Project; (2) pictorially characterizing the present state of the electric and hybrid vehicle (EHV) art on an international scale; and (3) providing examples of the class of products expected to be available for the implementation of the early phases of Public Law 94-413. It is organized along national lines, with separate chapters for electric and hybrid vehicle programs in each of nine countries: Federal Republic of Germany, Israel, Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Japan and the United States. Each chapter (except for Chapter 3) is preceded by descriptive material on the program objectives, participants and/or milestones.

Kirk, R S; Barber, K F

1977-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

418

Interpersonal Influence within Car Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Participants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in relation to the electric vehicle." Science Technology &Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Whyearly market for hybrid electric vehicles." Transportation

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Ultracapacitors for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles - Performance Requirements, Status of the Technology, and R&D Needs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4. Burke, A.F. , Hybrid/Electric Vehicle Design Options andRequirements for Hybrid-Electric Vehicles, EG&G Reporton Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles NUTEK therefore has

Burke, Andrew F

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Power draw scheduling of electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles with unidirectional vehicle-to-grid benefits.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis addresses power scheduling aspects of electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles. The use of electric vehicles (EVs) as demand response resources and the unidirectional… (more)

Fasugba, McDavis A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Overview of electrochemical power sources for electric and hybrid-electric vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electric and hybrid-electric vehicles are being developed and commercialized around the world at a rate never before seen. These efforts are driven by the prospect of vehicles with lower emissions and higher fuel efficiencies. The widespread adaptation of such vehicles promises a cleaner environment and a reduction in the rate of accumulation of greenhouse gases, Critical to the success of this technology is the use of electrochemical power sources such as batteries and fuel cells, which can convert chemical energy to electrical energy more efficiently and quietly than internal combustion engines. This overview will concentrate on the work being conducted in the US to develop advanced propulsion systems for the electric and hybrid vehicles, This work is spearheaded by the US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) for electric vehicles and the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicle (PNGV) for hybrid-electric vehicles, both of which can be read about on the world wide web (www.uscar.tom). As is commonly known, electric vehicles rely strictly on batteries as their source of power. Hybrid-electric vehicles, however, have a dual source of power. An internal combustion engine or eventually a fuel cell supplies the vehicle with power at a relatively constant rate. A battery pack (much smaller than a typical electric-vehicle battery pack) provides the vehicle with its fast transient power requirements such as during acceleration. This hybrid arrangement maximizes vehicle fuel efficiency. Electric and hybrid-electric vehicles will also be able to convert the vehicle's change in momentum during braking into electrical energy and store it in its battery pack (instead of lose the energy as heat). This process, known as regenerative braking, will add to the vehicle's fuel efficiency in an urban environment.

Dees, D. W.

1999-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

422

The Impact of Electric Passenger Transport Technology under an Economy-Wide Climate Policy in the United States: Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Coal Use, and Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have the potential to be an economic means of reducing direct (or tailpipe) carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the transportation sector. However, without a climate policy that places a limit on CO2 emissions from the electric generation sector, the net impact of widespread deployment of PHEVs on overall U.S. CO2 emissions is not as clear. A comprehensive analysis must consider jointly the transportation and electricity sectors, along with feedbacks to the rest of the energy system. In this paper, we use the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s MiniCAM model to perform an integrated economic analysis of the penetration of PHEVs and the resulting impact on total U.S. CO2 emissions.

Wise, Marshall A.; Kyle, G. Page; Dooley, James J.; Kim, Son H.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

An agent-based model to study market penetration of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of fuel costs, to agent willingness to adopt the PHEV technology, to PHEV purchase price and rebates, to PHEV battery range, and to heuristic values related to gasoline usage. Our simulations indicate of expected lifetime fuel costs associated with different vehicles (e.g., on vehicle stickers

Vermont, University of

424

Transportation electric vehicles: hybrids to the rescue  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We've been told that electric cars would cure our passionate yet troubled relationship with the automobile. With their superior efficiency and cleaner emissions, we could keep the good things, freedom and mobility, and limit the bad, pollutants and oil ...

Willie D. Jones

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Shortest Path Stochastic Control for Hybrid Electric Vehicles , J.W. Grizzle2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 of 28 Shortest Path Stochastic Control for Hybrid Electric Vehicles Ed Tate1 , J.W. Grizzle2 , Huei Peng3 Abstract: When a Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) is certified for emissions and fuel economy this is the Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) which consists of an electric powertrain coupled to a conventional

Grizzle, Jessy W.

426

Scaling of hybrid-electric vehicle powertrain components for Hardware-in-the-loop simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scaling of hybrid-electric vehicle powertrain components for Hardware-in-the-loop simulation: Hardware-in-the-loop Hybrid electric vehicle Buckingham Pi Theorem Battery model a b s t r a c t Hardware between the highly coupled subsystems typically found in an electric or hybrid-electric vehicle

Brennan, Sean

427

Electric and Hybrid Vehicle System Research and Development Project: Hybrid Vehicle Potential Assessment. Volume 1. Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results of investigations conducted under Ce Hybrid Vehicle Potential Assessment Task are reported in 10 volumes. This volume contains an overview of the study and its results. The purpose of the overall study was to determine if the petroleum fuel savings achievable through the use of hybrid electric vehicles is worth the R and D expenditures needed to develop the hybrid vehicles and to determine R and D priorities. It was concluded that by the year 2010 hybrid vehicles could replace 80% of the automotive power that would otherwise be produced from petroleum fuels; the public should not suffer any mobility loss through the use of hybrid vehicles; high initial and life-cycle costs are a limiting factor; and R and D funds should be spent for systems design and the development of low-cost batteries and controllers. (LCL)

Surber, F.T.

1979-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

428

FreedomCAR :electrical energy storage system abuse test manual for electric and hybrid electric vehicle applications.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This manual defines a complete body of abuse tests intended to simulate actual use and abuse conditions that may be beyond the normal safe operating limits experienced by electrical energy storage systems used in electric and hybrid electric vehicles. The tests are designed to provide a common framework for abuse testing various electrical energy storage systems used in both electric and hybrid electric vehicle applications. The manual incorporates improvements and refinements to test descriptions presented in the Society of Automotive Engineers Recommended Practice SAE J2464 ''Electric Vehicle Battery Abuse Testing'' including adaptations to abuse tests to address hybrid electric vehicle applications and other energy storage technologies (i.e., capacitors). These (possibly destructive) tests may be used as needed to determine the response of a given electrical energy storage system design under specifically defined abuse conditions. This manual does not provide acceptance criteria as a result of the testing, but rather provides results that are accurate and fair and, consequently, comparable to results from abuse tests on other similar systems. The tests described are intended for abuse testing any electrical energy storage system designed for use in electric or hybrid electric vehicle applications whether it is composed of batteries, capacitors, or a combination of the two.

Doughty, Daniel Harvey; Crafts, Chris C.

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Plug-In Electric Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Road Impact Fee Study to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Road Impact Fee Study on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Road Impact Fee Study on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Road Impact Fee Study on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Road Impact Fee Study on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Road Impact Fee Study on Digg

430

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Plug-in Electric Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Registration Fees to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Registration Fees on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Registration Fees on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Registration Fees on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Registration Fees on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Registration Fees on Digg

431

United Parcel Service Evaluates Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes how the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Fleet Test and Evaluation team evaluated the 12-month, in-service performance of six Class 4 hybrid electric delivery vans - fueled by regular diesel - and six comparable conventional diesel vans operated by the United Parcel Service.

Not Available

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Use of a thermophotovoltaic generator in a hybrid electric vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Viking 29 is the World’s first thermophotovoltaic (TPV) powered automobile. The prototype was funded by the Department of Energy and designed and built by students and faculty at the Vehicle Research Institute (VRI) at Western Washington University. Viking 29 is a series hybrid electric vehicle that utilizes TPV generators to charge its battery pack. Acceleration

Orion Morrison; Michael Seal; Edward West; William Connelly

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

The Patriot's hybrid-electric drivetrain  

SciTech Connect

Hybrid powertrain concepts are not new. Sailing ships carried auxiliary steam power on trans-Atlantic trips in the 19th Century. The 1917 Woods dual power'' automobile had a small internal combustion engine and supplementary electric drive featuring regenerative braking. But hybrid automobiles have not been successful in the automotive marketplace. For such vehicles to be successful, Chrysler officials believe a hybrid powertrain must be designed for the specific duty cycle of the vehicle; the vehicle-performance compromise must be acceptable to the customer; component efficiency and durability will have to be improved; and major component cost reductions will be required. This article describes how Chrysler is using a road-racing vehicle in the development of hybrid powertrains.

Jost, K.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Symbolism in California’s Early Market for Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2006. The Dollars and Sense of Hybrid Cars. AvailableSurvey of Oregon Hybrid Gas-Electric Car Owners. Portland.cars/new-cars/ high-cost-of-hybrid-vehicles-406/overview.htm

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Electricity Electricity Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations

436

Microsoft PowerPoint - EnergyCS Altair Nano Prius PHEVs Fleet...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

North American PHEV Demonstration North American PHEV Demonstration Fleet Summary Report: EnergyCS Prius (Altairnano pack) Number of Vehicles: 2 (EnergyCS Data Loggers) Reporting...

437

Predicting the Market Potential of Plug-In Electric Vehicles Using Multiday GPS Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GPS data for a year’s worth of travel by 255 Seattle households illuminate how plug-in electric vehicles can match household needs. The results suggest that a battery-electric vehicle (BEV) with 100 miles of range should meet the needs of 50 % of one-vehicle households and 80 % of multiple-vehicle households, when charging once a day and relying on another vehicle or mode just 4 days a year. Moreover, the average one-vehicle Seattle household uses each vehicle 23 miles per day and should be able to electrify close to 80 % of its miles using a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) with 40-mile all-electric-range. Households owning two or more vehicles can electrify 50 to 70 % of their miles using a PHEV40, depending on how they assign the vehicle across drivers each day. Cost comparisons between the average single-vehicle household owning a Chevrolet Cruze versus a Volt PHEV suggest that when gas prices are $3.50 per gallon and electricity rates at 11.2 ct per kWh, the Volt will save the household $535 per year in operating costs. Similarly, the Toyota Prius PHEV will provide an annual savings of $538 per year over the Corolla.

Mobashwir Khan; Kara M. Kockelman; William J. Murray Jr. Fellow

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis--A Reflively Designed Survey of New-car-buying, Multi-vehicle California Households  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles, in addition toof range, and hybrid electric vehicles with 140 and 180possible designs of hybrid electric vehicles pose complex

Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis -- A Reflexively Designed Survey of New-Car-Buying Multi-Vehicle California Households  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas vebacles and hybrid electric vehicles, maddition tocontrast to a hybrid electric vehicle that combines electrichousehold.In contrast to a hybrid electric vehicle that of

Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Present Status and Marketing Prospects of the Emerging Hybrid-Electric and Diesel Technologies to Reduce CO2 Emissions of New Light-Duty Vehicles in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid-electric vehicles Hybrid -Electric Vehicles ..11 Figure 3 Sales of Hybrid Electric Vehicles in the U.S. to

Burke, Andy

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Availability of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Availability of Hybrid Availability of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Availability of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Availability of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Availability of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Availability of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Availability of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Availability of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations

442

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deployment of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Deployment of Hybrid Deployment of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deployment of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deployment of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deployment of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deployment of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deployment of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deployment of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations

443

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Batteries for Hybrid Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations

444

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid and Plug-In Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Conversions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Conversions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Conversions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Conversions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Conversions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Conversions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Conversions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles

445

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents a comparison of vehicle purchase and energy costs, and fuel-saving benefits of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles relative to hybrid electric and conventional vehicles.

Simpson, A.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Development of a Vehicle Stability Control Strategy for a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Equipped With Axle Motors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hybrid-electric vehicles have been available to consumers for over a decade, and plug-in hybrid and pure electric vehicles are rapidly becoming mainstream products with the… (more)

Bayar, Kerem

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions from Hybrid and Plug-In Electric  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Emissions from Hybrid Emissions from Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions from Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions from Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions from Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions from Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions from Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions from Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations

448

Modeling and Design Optimization of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrains.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) were introduced in response to rising environmental challenges facing the automotive sector. HEVs combine the benefits of electric vehicles and conventional… (more)

Chehresaz, Maryyeh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Speed-sensorless torque control of induction motors for hybrid electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) are exciting new additions to the car markets since they combine the best features of conventional and electric cars to improve… (more)

Fu, Tianjun

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Energy Storage System Considerations for Grid-Charged Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Provides an overview of a study regarding energy storage system considerations for a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle.

Markel, T.; Simpson, A.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-In Hybrid-Electric Vehicle Technology (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presents a cost-benefit of analysis of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle technology, including potential petroleum use reduction.

Pesaran, A.; Markel, T.; Simpson, A.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Project Startup: Evaluating Coca-Cola's Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Delivery Trucks (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fact sheet describing the project startup for evaluating Coca-Cola's Class 8 hybrid-electric delivery trucks.

Not Available

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Energy Storage Systems Considerations for Grid-Charged Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper calculates battery power and energy requirements for grid-charged hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) with different operating strategies.

Markel, T.; Simpson, A.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Benefits and Challenges of Achieving a Mainstream Market for Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

The Plug-in Hybrid electric Vehicle (PHEV) Market Introduction Study Final Report identified a range of policies, incentives and regulations designed to enhance the probability of success in commercializing PHEVs as they enter the automotive marketplace starting in 2010. The objective of the comprehensive PHEV Value Proposition study, which encompasses the PHEV Market Introduction Study, is to better understand the value proposition that PHEVs (as well as other plug-in electric vehicle platforms - PEVs) provide to the auto companies themselves, to the consumer and to the public at large as represented by the government and its public policies. In this report we use the more inclusive term PEVs, to include PHEVs, BEVs (battery electric vehicles that operate only on battery) and EREVs (extended range electric vehicles that combine battery electric vehicles with an internal combustion engine that charges the battery as needed). The objective of Taratec's contribution to Phase 2 of the PHEV Value Proposition Study is to develop a clear understanding of the benefits of PEVs to three stakeholders - auto original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), utilities, and the government - and of the technical and commercial challenges and risks to be overcome in order to achieve commercial success for these vehicles. The goal is to understand the technical and commercial challenges in moving from the 'early adopters' at the point of market introduction of these vehicles to a 'sustainable' mainstream market in which PEVs and other PEVs represent a normal, commercially available and attractive vehicle to the mainstream consumer. For the purpose of this study, that sustainable market is assumed to be in place in the 2030 timeframe. The principal focus of the study is to better understand the technical and commercial challenges in the transition from early adopters to a sustainable mainstream consumer market. Effectively, that translates to understanding the challenges to be overcome during the transition period - basically the middle years as the second and third generation of these vehicles are developed and come to market. The concern is to understand those things that in the near term would delay that transition. The study looked at identifying and then quantifying these technical and commercial risks and benefits from three perspectives: (1) The auto industry original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) themselves; (2) The utilities who will provide the electric 'fuel' that will fully or partially power the vehicles; and (3) The government, representing public policy interest in PEV success. By clarifying and quantifying these benefits and the technical and commercial risks that could delay the transition to a sustainable mainstream market, the study provides the basis for developing recommendations for government policies and support for PHEV and PEV development.

Ungar, Edward [Taratec Corporation; Mueller, Howard [Taratec Corporation; Smith, Brett [Center for Automotive Research

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Topology, design, analysis and thermal management of power electronics for hybrid electric vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for fuel cells and advanced heavy-duty hybrid electric vehicles. He also has experience with alternativeTopology, design, analysis and thermal management of power electronics for hybrid electric vehicle an important role in the success of electric, hybrid and fuel cell vehicles. Typical power electronics circuits

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

456

Optimization and Comparison of Heuristic Control Strategies for Parallel Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization and Comparison of Heuristic Control Strategies for Parallel Hybrid-Electric Vehicles independent. Thus, these control strategies are predestinated for the use in a real vehicle. Keywords: Hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV), control strategies, optimization. 1. Introduction Due to the structure of hybrid-electric

Noé, Reinhold

457

2001-01-1334 Integrated, Feed-Forward Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 2001-01-1334 Integrated, Feed-Forward Hybrid Electric Vehicle Simulation in SIMULINK and its Use of Automotive Engineers, Inc. ABSTRACT A hybrid electric vehicle simulation tool (HE-VESIM) has been developed global crude oil supplies stimulate research aimed at new, fuel-efficient vehicle technologies. Hybrid-electric

Peng, Huei

458

Optimal Control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles Based on Pontryagin's Minimum Principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal Control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles Based on Pontryagin's Minimum Principle Namwook Kim. INTRODUCTION he optimal control of HEVs (Hybrid Electric Vehicles) is an important topic not only because, Sukwon Cha, Huei Peng Abstract - A number of strategies for the power management of HEVs (Hybrid Electric

Peng, Huei

459

Argonne Has Lead Role in DOE's PHEV Technology Evaluation Effort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) · Economic Analysis · Energy & Emissions Lifecycle Analysis (GREET) Developing SAE PHEV Fuel Economy Test aftermarket retrofit battery module based upon its lithium-ion batteries. PHEV Market Potential Analysis of Energy laboratory managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC For more information: Argonne National Laboratory

Kemner, Ken

460

PH&EV Research Center Dr. Tom Turrentine Director  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction of Toyota Aqua Introduction of 3rd Toyota Prius #12;G eneration 3 HEVs 2014 Early core market: 6, Prius top selling vehicle 4 years : 2 million registered California: 10% 3rd quarter of 2013, Prius best by Model Accord PHEV Fusion PHEV C-MAX Energi Prius Plug-In Volt #12;12 Sept. YTD Top 10 selling PEVs

California at Davis, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid electric phev" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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461

PHEV Parcel Delivery Truck Model - Development and Preliminary Results (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Describes results of a study to determine the impact of drive cycles on the energy- and cost-effectiveness of plug-in hybrid electric delivery vans.

Barnitt, R

2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

462

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

news.cfm? newsid=8142 [30] Toyota Motor Sales (2006) Photo: Toyota Prius Interior, Electronic MultifunctionYork: 2 Apr. p. C 1 [43] Toyota Motor Corporation (2007) “

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Images of Hybrid Vehicles Each of the householdsbetween hybrid and non-hybrid vehicles was observed in smallowned Honda Civic Hybrids, vehicles that are virtually

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

2011 Hyundai Sonata 4932 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2011 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid HEV (VIN KMHEC4A43BA004932). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the AVTA for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the DOE.

Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk; Jeffrey Wishart

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Energy control strategy for a hybrid electric vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An energy control strategy (10) for a hybrid electric vehicle that controls an electric motor during bleed and charge modes of operation. The control strategy (10) establishes (12) a value of the power level at which the battery is to be charged. The power level is used to calculate (14) the torque to be commanded to the electric motor. The strategy (10) of the present invention identifies a transition region (22) for the electric motor's operation that is bounded by upper and lower speed limits. According to the present invention, the desired torque is calculated by applying equations to the regions before, during and after the transition region (22), the equations being a function of the power level and the predetermined limits and boundaries.

Phillips, Anthony Mark (Northville, MI); Blankenship, John Richard (Dearborn, MI); Bailey, Kathleen Ellen (Dearborn, MI); Jankovic, Miroslava (Birmingham, MI)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Energy control strategy for a hybrid electric vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An energy control strategy (10) for a hybrid electric vehicle that controls an electric motor during bleed and charge modes of operation. The control strategy (10) establishes (12) a value of the power level at which the battery is to be charged. The power level is used to calculate (14) the torque to be commanded to the electric motor. The strategy (10) of the present invention identifies a transition region (22) for the electric motor's operation that is bounded by upper and lower speed limits. According to the present invention, the desired torque is calculated by applying equations to the regions before, during and after the transition region (22), the equations being a function of the power level and the predetermined limits and boundaries.

Phillips, Anthony Mark (Northville, MI); Blankenship, John Richard (Dearborn, MI); Bailey, Kathleen Ellen (Dearborn, MI); Jankovic, Miroslava (Birmingham, MI)

2002-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

467

Electric and hybrid electric vehicles: A technology assessment based on a two-stage Delphi study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To address the uncertainty regarding future costs and operating attributes of electric and hybrid electric vehicles, a two stage, worldwide Delphi study was conducted. Expert opinions on vehicle attributes, current state of the technology, possible advancements, costs, and market penetration potential were sought for the years 2000, 2010, and 2020. Opinions related to such critical components as batteries, electric drive systems, and hybrid vehicle engines, as well as their respective technical and economic viabilities, were also obtained. This report contains descriptions of the survey methodology, analytical approach, and results of the analysis of survey data, together with a summary of other factors that will influence the degree of market success of electric and hybrid electric vehicle technologies. Responses by industry participants, the largest fraction among all the participating groups, are compared with the overall responses. An evaluation of changes between the two Delphi stages is also summarized. An analysis of battery replacement costs for various types is summarized, and variable operating costs for electric and hybrid vehicles are compared with those of conventional vehicles. A market penetration analysis is summarized, in which projected market shares from the survey are compared with predictions of shares on the basis of two market share projection models that use the cost and physical attributes provided by the survey. Finally, projections of market shares beyond the year 2020 are developed by use of constrained logit models of market shares, statistically fitted to the survey data.

Vyas, A.D.; Ng, H.K.; Santini, D.J.; Anderson, J.L.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Control system design for a parallel hybrid electric vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses the design of control systems for a parallel hybrid electric drive train which is an alternative to conventional passenger vehicles. The principle components of the drive train are a small internal combustion engine and an electric machine. In the parallel configuration, both devices can apply torque directly to the drive shaft for propelling the vehicle. A low order drive train model is developed which is used during the controller design and overall system simulations. The model is composed of sub-models for the engine, mechanical brake, electric machine, converter, battery, drive shaft with gears, and road load with wind resistance. The model yields results which are rough approximations of component performance and are appropriate for a top level drive train control study. In order to mimic the controls of a conventional car, the hybrid vehicle controller must insure that the torque command given by the user through the accelerator and brake pedal is tracked by the hybrid drive train without error. In this thesis two control systems are designed which enable the drive train to emulate conventional vehicle performance by meeting torque commands. The first control design maximizes the battery state-of-charge by minimizing the torque contribution of the electric machine. The second control design includes a cost parameter allowing the user to specify the appropriate tradeoff between a high state-of-charge and increased fuel savings. Simulation results verify that both controllers achieve the design objectives. Results also suggest that under proper control the parallel hybrid drive train can offer equal performance and range to a conventional passenger vehicle with improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions.

Buntin, David Leighton

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Power storage options for hybrid electric vehicles—A survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are the future transportation structure as they provide better fuel economy. Energy storage devices are therefore required for the HEVs. The problem for deciding the optimum combination of power storage is still unresolved. The power storage options in this regard must have a feasible weight/energy ratio for better performance. This survey is about the comparison of different power storage options for HEV including the batteries

Hadeed Ahmed Sher; Khaled E. Addoweesh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

NYCT Diesel Hybrid-Electric Buses Program Status Update  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Program status update focuses on the experiences gathered during New York City Transit's deployment of hybrid electric buses in its fleet. This report is part of an ongoing Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies program to study heavy-duty alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles in the United States. DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is conducting the Transit Bus Evaluation Project to compare alternative fuel or advanced technology and diesel fuel buses. Information for the comparison comes from data collected on the operational, maintenance, performance, and emissions characteristics of alternative fuel or advanced technology buses currently being used in vehicle fleets and comparable diesel fuel buses serving as controls within the same fleet. This report highlights the New York City Transit (NYCT) alternative fuel and advanced technology programs including its diesel hybrid-electric buses. As part of the NREL Transit Bus Evaluation Project, data collection and evaluation of the Orion VI diesel hybrid-electric buses at NYCT are nearly complete. Final reports from the evaluation are being prepared by NREL and Battelle (NREL's support contractor for the project) and will be available in early 2002. If you want to know more about this transit bus program, its components, advanced technology vehicles, or incentive programs, contact any of the following personnel or visit the Web sites listed.

Not Available

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Feasible Café Standard Increases Using Emerging Diesel and Hybrid-Electric Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C.J. , The Future of Hybrid- Electric Vehicles and FuelsWith the emergence of hybrid-electric vehicles from JapaneseTechnologies 2.1 Hybrid-electric vehicles Hybrid-electric

Burke, Andy; Abeles, Ethan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Feasible CAFE Standard Increases Using Emerging Diesel and Hybrid-Electric Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C.J. , The Future of Hybrid- Electric Vehicles and FuelsWith the emergence of hybrid-electric vehicles from JapaneseTechnologies 2.1 Hybrid-electric vehicles Hybrid-electric

Burke, Andy; Abeles, Ethan C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Optimal Energy Management for a Hybrid Energy Storage System for Electric Vehicles Based on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

}@lea.uni-paderborn.de Abstract--For electric and hybrid electric cars, commonly nickel-metal hydride and lithium-ion batteries. The BMW Mini-E is an all electric powered car field-tested in the United States, United KingdomOptimal Energy Management for a Hybrid Energy Storage System for Electric Vehicles Based

Noé, Reinhold

474

A Vehicle Systems Approach to Evaluate Plug-in Hybrid Battery Cold Start, Life and Cost Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The batteries used in plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) need to overcome significant technical challenges in order for PHEVs to become economically viable and have a large market penetration. The internship at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) involved two experiments which looked at a vehicle systems approach to analyze two such technical challenges: Battery life and low battery power at cold (-7 ?C) temperature. The first experiment, concerning battery life and its impact on gasoline savings due to a PHEV, evaluates different vehicle control strategies over a pre-defined vehicle drive cycle, in order to identify the control strategy which yields the maximum dollar savings (operating cost) over the life of the vehicle, when compared to a charge sustaining hybrid. Battery life degradation over the life of the vehicle, and fuel economy savings on every trip (daily) are taken into account when calculating the net present value of the gasoline dollars saved. The second experiment evaluates the impact of different vehicle control strategies in heating up the PHEV battery (due to internal ohmic losses) for cold ambient conditions. The impact of low battery power (available to the vehicle powertrain) due to low battery and ambient temperatures has been well documented in literature. The trade-off between the benefits of heating up the battery versus heating up the internal combustion engine are evaluated, using different control strategies, and the control strategy, which provided optimum temperature rise of each component, is identified.

Shidore, Neeraj Shripad

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Hybrid vehicle potential assessment. Volume 10. Electric and hybrid vehicle cost handbook  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this interim cost handbood is to provide a consistent single-point source of data and procedures for estimating the costs of electric and hybrid vehicles. These costs include manufacturing, acquisition (purchase price), operating, and life cycle. Each suggested Cost Estimating Relation (CER) presented herein is a result of the compilation of currently existing cost estimates and cost relationships. No independent cost analysis was performed for this handbook, nor was any analysis performed to rework existing cost data for consistency in all primary assumptions. The cost data is presented in terms of major component and subassembly costs so that any vehicle (electric, hybrid, or conventional) can be costed. The cost estimating relations presented in this handbook are subjective averages of the several independent estimates for each component.

Heft, R.C.; Heller, S.C.

1979-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

476

Investigation of Path Dependence in Commercial Li-ion Cells Chosen for PHEV Duty Cycle Protocols (paper)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Path dependence is emerging as a premier issue of how electrochemical cells age in conditions that are diverse and variable in the time domain. For example, lithium-ion cells in a vehicle configuration will experience a variable combination of usage and rest periods over a range of temperature and state of charge (SOC). This is complicated by the fact that some aging can actually become worse (or better) when a lithium-ion cell is idle for extended periods under calendar-life (calL) aging, as opposed to cycle-life (cycL) conditions where the cell is used within a predictable schedule. The purpose of this study is to bridge the gap between highly idealized and controlled laboratory test conditions and actual field conditions regarding PHEV applications, so that field-type aging mechanisms can be mimicked and quantified in a repeatable laboratory setting. The main parameters are the magnitude and frequency of the thermal cycling, looking at isothermal, mild, and severe scenarios. To date, little is known about Li-ion aging effects caused by thermal cycling superimposed onto electrochemical cycling, and related path dependence. This scenario is representative of what Li-ion batteries will experience in vehicle service, where upon the typical start of a HEV/PHEV, the batteries will be cool or cold, will gradually warm up to normal temperature and operate there for a time, then will cool down after the vehicle is turned off. Such thermal cycling will occur thousands of times during the projected life of a HEV/PHEV battery pack. We propose to quantify the effects of thermal cycling on Li-ion batteries using a representative chemistry that is commercially available. The secondary Li-ion cells used in this study are of the 18650 configuration, have a nominal capacity rating of 1.9 Ah, and consist of a {LiMn2O4 + LiMn(1/3)Ni(1/3)Co(1/3)O2} cathode and a graphite anode. Electrochemical cycling is based on PHEV-relevant cycle-life protocols that are a combination of charge depleting (CD) and charge sustaining (CS) modes discussed in the Battery Test Manual for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (INL, March 2008, rev0). A realistic duty cycle will involve both CD and CS modes, the proportion of each defined by the severity of the power demands. We assume that the cells will start each cycling day at 90% SOC, and that they will not be allowed to go below 35% SOC, with operation around 70% SOC being a nominal condition. The 35, 70, and 90% SOC conditions are also being used to define critical aspects of the related reference performance test (RPT) for this investigation. There are three primary components to the RPT, all assessed at room temperature: (A) static and residual capacity (SRC) over a matrix of current, (B) kinetics and pulse performance testing (PPT) over current for SOCs of interest, and (C) EIS for SOCs of interest. The RPT is performed on all cells every 30 day test interval, as well as a pulse-per-day to provide a quick diagnostic snapshot. Where feasible, we utilize various elements of Diagnostic Testing (DT) to characterize performance of the cells and to gain mechanistic-level knowledge regarding both performance features and limitations. We will present the rationale behind the experimental design, early data, and discuss the fundamental tools used to elucidate performance degradation mechanisms.

Kevin L. Gering

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Electricity Electricity Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Emissions Data Sources and Assumptions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Emissions Data Sources and Assumptions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Emissions Data Sources and Assumptions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Emissions Data Sources and Assumptions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Emissions Data Sources and Assumptions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicle Emissions Data Sources and Assumptions on Digg

478

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Plug-in Hybrid ElectricVehicles...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VehiclesExtended Range Electric Vehicles Testing Reports to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Plug-in Hybrid Electric VehiclesExtended Range Electric...

479

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR HYBRID-ELECTRIC VEHICLES 4.1EnginesG.H. , SIMPLEV: Simple Electric Vehicle Simulation Program-G.H, SIMPLEV: Simple Electric Vehicle Simulation Program-

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Low cost, compact, and high efficiency traction motor for electric and hybrid electric vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new motor drive, the switched reluctance motor drive, has been developed for hybrid-electric vehicles. The motor drive has been designed, built and tested in the test bed at a near vehicle scale. It has been shown that the switched reluctance motor drive is more suitable for traction application than any other motor drive.

Ehsani, Mark

2002-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

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