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1

Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? July 9, 2009 - 1:34am Addthis In Tuesday's entry, Francis X. Vogel from the Wisconsin Clean Cities coalition told us about his plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). He's one of the lucky few in the United States to drive one of these vehicles because factory-made PHEV's are not yet available to the public. Regular hybrid electric vehicles, however, are widely available and seem to be more and more common on the roads. Do you drive a hybrid electric vehicle? Please share your experience with it in the comments. Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a topic related to energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment with your answers, and also feel free to respond to other comments.

2

Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? July 9, 2009 - 1:34am Addthis In Tuesday's entry, Francis X. Vogel from the Wisconsin Clean Cities...

3

Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Hybrid and for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines

4

NREL: Fleet Test and Evaluation - Hybrid Electric Drive Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Drive Systems Hybrid Electric Drive Systems The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team conducts performance evaluations of hybrid electric drive systems in fleets of delivery vehicles and transit buses. Hybrid electric drive systems combine a primary power source, an energy storage system, and an electric motor to achieve a combination of emissions, fuel economy, and range benefits unattainable with any of these technologies alone. Hybrid electric drive systems use less petroleum-based fuel and capture energy created during breaking and idling. This collected energy is used to propel the vehicle during normal drive cycles. The batteries supply additional power for acceleration and hill climbing. Learn more about the team's hybrid electric drive system evaluations: Delivery Vehicles

5

Drive cycle analysis of the performance of hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a drive cycle analysis of hybrid electric vehicle power train configurations. Based on fuel economy and emissions factors, a tradeoff between conventional, series hybrid, parallel hybrid, and a parallel-series hybrid is drawn. The ... Keywords: emissions, fuel consumption, hybrid electric vehicles, modeling and simulation

Behnam Ganji; Abbas Z. Kouzani; H. M. Trinh

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Personalized driving behavior monitoring and analysis for emerging hybrid vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emerging electric-drive vehicles, such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and plug-in HEVs (PHEVs), hold the potential for substantial reduction of fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. User driving behavior, which varies from person ...

Kun Li; Man Lu; Fenglong Lu; Qin Lv; Li Shang; Dragan Maksimovic

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

NREL: Fleet Test and Evaluation - Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Systems Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Systems NREL's Fleet Test and Evaluation Team conducts performance evaluations of hydraulic hybrid drive systems in delivery vehicles. Because hydraulic hybrids feature highly efficient regenerative braking systems and "engine off at idle" capabilities, they are ideal for parcel delivery applications where stop-and-go traffic is common. Hydraulic hybrid systems can capture up to 70% of the kinetic energy that would otherwise be lost during braking. This energy drives a pump, which transfers hydraulic fluid from a low-pressure reservoir to a high-pressure accumulator. When the vehicle accelerates, fluid in the high-pressure accumulator moves to the lower-pressure reservoir, which drives a motor and provides extra torque. This process can improve the vehicle's fuel economy

8

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s Largest Purchase of Wind Power,” September 17, 2001.FACTORS DRIVING WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT IN THE UNITED STATESthe United States third in wind power capacity globally,

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Highway vehicle electric drive in the United States : 2009 status and issues.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The status of electric drive technology in the United States as of early 2010 is documented. Rapidly evolving electric drive technologies discussed include hybrid electric vehicles, multiple types of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and battery electric vehicles. Recent trends for hybrids are quantified. Various plug-in vehicles entering the market in the near term are examined. The technical and economic requirements for electric drive to more broadly succeed in a wider range of highway vehicle applications are described, and implications for the most promising new markets are provided. Federal and selected state government policy measures promoting and preparing for electric drive are discussed. Taking these into account, judgment on areas where increased Clean Cities funds might be most productively focused over the next five years are provided. In closing, the request by Clean Cities for opinion on the broad range of research needs providing near-term support to electric drive is fulfilled.

Santini, D. J.; Energy Systems

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

10

Hybrid Cascaded H-bridges Multilevel Motor Drive Control for Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid Cascaded H-bridges Multilevel Motor Drive Control for Electric Vehicles Zhong Du1 , Leon M for electric/hybrid electric vehicles where each phase of a three-phase cascaded multilevel converter can vehicle motor drive applications and hybrid electric vehicle motor drive applications. Keywords: hybrid

Tolbert, Leon M.

11

Physical model of a hybrid electric drive train  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A motor and flywheel system was designed to simulate the dynamics of the electric drive train and inertial mass of a hybrid electric vehicle. The model will serve as a test bed for students in 2.672 to study the energy ...

Young, Brady W. (Brady William)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Lower-hybrid heating and current drive on PLT  

SciTech Connect

Steady currents up to 165 kA for 3.5 seconds and 420 kA for 0.3 seconds have been maintained by 800 MHz lower hybrid waves. For line-averaged densities up to 7 x 10/sup 12/ cm/sup -3/ the current is maintained with no input power from the ohmic heating transformer. The waves are launched with an array of six waveguides. Measurements of X rays and electron cyclotron radiation show that the rf power produces and maintains a suprathermal tail of electrons apparently independent of the number of fast electrons in the plasma prior to turning on the rf power. Measurements of current-drive efficiency and the electron tail provide direct evidence for a resonant wave-particle interaction. The radial profile of the rf-sustained current inferred from x-ray measurements is peaked in the center of the plasma and appears to obey the same q-value restraints as the inductively driven ohmic heating current. Current drive is observed to be accompanied always by radiation at frequencies greater than or equal to ..omega../sub ce/ and less than or equal to ..omega../sub pe/. The connection between this radiation and the current-drive mechanism is under study.

Hooke, W.; Bernabei, S.; Boyd, D.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Lower Hybrid Current Drive Experiments in Alcator C-Mod  

SciTech Connect

A Lower Hybrid Current Drive (LHCD) system has been installed on the Alcator C-MOD tokamak at MIT. Twelve klystrons at 4.6 GHz feed a 4x22 waveguide array. This system was designed for maximum flexibility in the launched parallel wave-number spectrum. This flexibility allows tailoring of the lower hybrid deposition under a variety of plasma conditions. Power levels up to 900 kW have been injected into the tokomak. The parallel wave number has been varied over a wide range, n|| ~ 1.6–4. Driven currents have been inferred from magnetic measurements by extrapolating to zero loop voltage and by direct comparison to Fisch-Karney theory, yielding an efficiency of n20IR/P ~ 0.3. Modeling using the CQL3D code supports these efficiencies. Sawtooth oscillations vanish, accompanied with peaking of the electron temperature (Te0 rises from 2.8 to 3.8 keV). Central q is inferred to rise above unity from the collapse of the sawtooth inversion radius, indicating off-axis cd as expected. Measurements of non-thermal x-ray and electron cyclotron emission confirm the presence of a significant fast electron population that varies with phase and plasma density. The x-ray emission is observed to be radialy broader than that predicted by simple ray tracing codes. Possible explanations for this broader emission include fast electron diffusion or broader deposition than simple ray tracing predictions (perhaps due to diffractive effects).

J.R. Wilson, S. Bernabei, P. Bonoli, A. Hubbard, R. Parker, A. Schmidt, G. Wallace, J. Wright, and the Alcator C-Mod Team

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

14

Study on Regenerative Brake Method of Hybrid Electric Drive System of Armored Vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aiming at characteristics of regenerative brake of hybrid electric drive system of tracked armored vehicle, mechanism of regenerative brake by pulse width modulation is in-depth analyzed, motor speed, brake current, feedback current, feedback energy ... Keywords: hybrid electric drive, motor, regenerative brake

Li Hua; Zhong Meng-chun; Zhang Jian; Xu Da; Lin Hai

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Paper Number Development of a Hydro-Mechanical Hydraulic Hybrid Drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a passenger car. The developed hydro-mechanical drive train enables independent control of the torque at eachPaper Number Development of a Hydro-Mechanical Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Train with Independent Wheel for the Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power at the University of Minnesota. The hydro-mechanical hybrid

Li, Perry Y.

16

A Multiphase Traction/Fast-Battery-Charger Drive for Electric or Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Multiphase Traction/Fast-Battery-Charger Drive for Electric or Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Solutions and torque ripples. Keywords- Electric Vehicle, Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle, On-board Battery Charger, H on an original electric drive [1]-[3] dedicated to the vehicle traction and configurable as a battery charger

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

17

Evaluation of 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Drive System  

SciTech Connect

The 2004 Toyota Prius is a hybrid automobile equipped with a gasoline engine and a battery- and generator-powered electric motor. Both of these motive-power sources are capable of providing mechanical-drive power for the vehicle. The engine can deliver a peak-power output of 57 kilowatts (kW) at 5000 revolutions per minute (rpm) while the motor can deliver a peak-power output of 50 kW over the speed range of 1200-1540 rpm. Together, this engine-motor combination has a specified peak-power output of 82 kW at a vehicle speed of 85 kilometers per hour (km/h). In operation, the 2004 Prius exhibits superior fuel economy compared to conventionally powered automobiles. To acquire knowledge and thereby improve understanding of the propulsion technology used in the 2004 Prius, a full range of design characterization studies were conducted to evaluate the electrical and mechanical characteristics of the 2004 Prius and its hybrid electric drive system. These characterization studies included (1) a design review, (2) a packaging and fabrication assessment, (3) bench-top electrical tests, (4) back-electromotive force (emf) and locked rotor tests, (5) loss tests, (6) thermal tests at elevated temperatures, and most recently (7) full-design-range performance testing in a controlled laboratory environment. This final test effectively mapped the electrical and thermal results for motor/inverter operation over the full range of speeds and shaft loads that these assemblies are designed for in the Prius vehicle operations. This testing was undertaken by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) program through its vehicle systems technologies subprogram. The thermal tests at elevated temperatures were conducted late in 2004, and this report does not discuss this testing in detail. The thermal tests explored the derating of the Prius motor design if operated at temperatures as high as is normally encountered in a vehicle engine. The continuous ratings at base speed (1200 rpm) with different coolant temperatures are projected from test data at 900 rpm. A separate, comprehensive report on this thermal control study is available [1].

Staunton, Robert H [ORNL; Ayers, Curtis William [ORNL; Chiasson, J. N. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Burress, Timothy A [ORNL; Marlino, Laura D [ORNL

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Evaluation of 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Drive System  

SciTech Connect

The 2004 Toyota Prius is a hybrid automobile equipped with a gasoline engine and a battery- and generator-powered electric motor. Both of these motive-power sources are capable of providing mechanical-drive power for the vehicle. The engine can deliver a peak-power output of 57 kilowatts (kW) at 5000 revolutions per minute (rpm) while the motor can deliver a peak-power output of 50 kW over the speed range of 1200-1540 rpm. Together, this engine-motor combination has a specified peak-power output of 82 kW at a vehicle speed of 85 kilometers per hour (km/h). In operation, the 2004 Prius exhibits superior fuel economy compared to conventionally powered automobiles. To acquire knowledge and thereby improve understanding of the propulsion technology used in the 2004 Prius, a full range of design characterization studies were conducted to evaluate the electrical and mechanical characteristics of the 2004 Prius and its hybrid electric drive system. These characterization studies included (1) a design review, (2) a packaging and fabrication assessment, (3) bench-top electrical tests, (4) back-electromotive force (emf) and locked rotor tests, (5) loss tests, (6) thermal tests at elevated temperatures, and most recently (7) full-design-range performance testing in a controlled laboratory environment. This final test effectively mapped the electrical and thermal results for motor/inverter operation over the full range of speeds and shaft loads that these assemblies are designed for in the Prius vehicle operations. This testing was undertaken by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) program through its vehicle systems technologies subprogram. The thermal tests at elevated temperatures were conducted late in 2004, and this report does not discuss this testing in detail. The thermal tests explored the derating of the Prius motor design if operated at temperatures as high as is normally encountered in a vehicle engine. The continuous ratings at base speed (1200 rpm) with different coolant temperatures are projected from test data at 900 rpm. A separate, comprehensive report on this thermal control study is available [1].

Staunton, R.H.; Ayers, C.W.; Chiasson, J.N. (U Tennessee-Knoxville); Burress, B.A. (ORISE); Marlino, L.D.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Hybrid-drive implosion system for ICF targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Hybrid-drive implosion systems (20,40) for ICF targets (10,22,42) are described which permit a significant increase in target gain at fixed total driver energy. The ICF target is compressed in two phases, an initial compression phase and a final peak power phase, with each phase driven by a separate, optimized driver. The targets comprise a hollow spherical ablator (12) surroundingly disposed around fusion fuel (14). The ablator is first compressed to higher density by a laser system (24), or by an ion beam system (44), that in each case is optimized for this initial phase of compression of the target. Then, following compression of the ablator, energy is directly delivered into the compressed ablator by an ion beam driver system (30,48) that is optimized for this second phase of operation of the target. The fusion fuel (14) is driven, at high gain, to conditions wherein fusion reactions occur. This phase separation allows hydrodynamic efficiency and energy deposition uniformity to be individually optimized, thereby securing significant advantages in energy gain. In additional embodiments, the same or separate drivers supply energy for ICF target implosion.

Mark, James W. (Danville, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Hybrid-drive implosion system for ICF targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Hybrid-drive implosion systems for ICF targets are described which permit a significant increase in target gain at fixed total driver energy. The ICF target is compressed in two phases, an initial compression phase and a final peak power phase, with each phase driven by a separate, optimized driver. The targets comprise a hollow spherical ablator surroundingly disposed around fusion fuel. The ablator is first compressed to higher density by a laser system, or by an ion beam system, that in each case is optimized for this initial phase of compression of the target. Then, following compression of the ablator, energy is directly delivered into the compressed ablator by an ion beam driver system that is optimized for this second phase of operation of the target. The fusion fuel is driven, at high gain, to conditions wherein fusion reactions occur. This phase separation allows hydrodynamic efficiency and energy deposition uniformity to be individually optimized, thereby securing significant advantages in energy gain. In additional embodiments, the same or separate drivers supply energy for ICF target implosion. 3 figs.

Mark, J.W.K.

1987-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

United Parcel Service Evaluates Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fuel economy than comparable conventional vans. United Parcel Service Evaluates Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans Advanced Vehicle Testing This project is part of a series of...

22

Interim Project Results: United Parcel Service's Second-Generation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Application for Each Engine and Truck Manufacturer Hybrid Drive Unit Transmission InverterControls Partners Brakes (ABS) Eaton Hybrid Electric System UPS' hybrid-electric...

23

1946 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 54, NO. 4, AUGUST 2007 Implementation of Hybrid Control for Motor Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a hybrid- control strategy applied to a permanent-magnet synchronous- motor (PMSM) drive. Hybrid control with a finite discrete-event controller. The HS under consideration is a permanent-magnet synchronous motor of Hybrid Control for Motor Drives Xuefang Lin-Shi, Florent Morel, Student Member, IEEE, Ana M. Llor, Bruno

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

24

Evaluation of the 2007 Toyota Camry Hybrid Syneregy Drive System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and American automotive manufacturers General Motors, Ford, and DaimlerChrysler began a five-year, cost-shared partnership in 1993. Currently, hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) research and development is conducted by DOE through its FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) program. The mission of the FCVT program is to develop more energy efficient and environmentally friendly highway transportation technologies. Program activities include research, development, demonstration, testing, technology validation, and technology transfer. These activities are aimed at developing technologies that can be domestically produced in a clean and cost-competitive manner. Under the FCVT program, support is provided through a three-phase approach [1] which is intended to: • Identify overall propulsion and vehicle-related needs by analyzing programmatic goals and reviewing industry’s recommendations and requirements, then develop the appropriate technical targets for systems, subsystems, and component research and development activities; • Develop and validate individual subsystems and components, including electric motors, emission control devices, battery systems, power electronics, accessories, and devices to reduce parasitic losses; and • Determine how well the components and subassemblies work together in a vehicle environment or as a complete propulsion system and whether the efficiency and performance targets at the vehicle level have been achieved. The research performed in this area will help remove technical and cost barriers to enable technology for use in such advanced vehicles as hybrid electric, plug-in hybrid electric, electric, and fuel-cell-powered vehicles.

Burress, T.A.; Coomer, C.L.; Campbell, S.L.; Seiber, L.E.; Marlino, L.D.; Staunton, R.H.; Cunningham, J.P.

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

25

A Hybrid Model for Hydroturbine Generating Unit Trend Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to the nonlinear and nonstationary characteristics of hydroelectricity systems, an hybrid prediction model based on wavelet transform and support vector machines is proposed in this paper for the trend analysis of hydroturbine generating unit ...

Min Zou; Jianzhong Zhou; Zhong Liu; Liangliang Zhan

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Evaluation of the 2010 Toyota Prius Hybrid Synergy Drive System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Subsystems of the 2010 Toyota Prius hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) were studied and tested as part of an intensive benchmarking effort carried out to produce detailed information concerning the current state of nondomestic alternative vehicle technologies. Feedback provided by benchmarking efforts is particularly useful to partners of the Vehicle Technologies collaborative research program as it is essential in establishing reasonable yet challenging programmatic goals which facilitate development of competitive technologies. The competitive nature set forth by the Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) not only promotes energy independence and economic stability, it also advocates the advancement of alternative vehicle technologies in an overall global perspective. These technologies greatly facilitate the potential to reduce dependency on depleting natural resources and mitigate harmful impacts of transportation upon the environment.

Burress, Timothy A [ORNL; Campbell, Steven L [ORNL; Coomer, Chester [ORNL; Ayers, Curtis William [ORNL; Wereszczak, Andrew A [ORNL; Cunningham, Joseph Philip [ORNL; Marlino, Laura D [ORNL; Seiber, Larry Eugene [ORNL; Lin, Hua-Tay [ORNL

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Evaluation of 2005 Honda Accord Hybrid Electric Drive System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) program officially began in 1993 as a five-year, cost-shared partnership between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and American auto manufacturers: General Motors, Ford, and Daimler Chrysler. Currently, HEV research and development is conducted by DOE through its FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) program. The mission of the FCVT program is to develop more energy efficient and environmentally friendly highway transportation technologies. Program activities include research, development, demonstration, testing, technology validation, and technology transfer. These activities are aimed at developing technologies that can be domestically produced in a clean and cost-competitive manner. The vehicle systems technologies subprogram, which is one of four subprograms under the FCVT program, supports the efforts of the FreedomCAR through a three-phase approach [1] intended to: (1) Identify overall propulsion and vehicle-related needs by analyzing programmatic goals and reviewing industry's recommendations and requirements, then develop the appropriate technical targets for systems, subsystems, and component research and development activities; (2) Develop and validate individual subsystems and components, including electric motors, emission control devices, battery systems, power electronics, accessories, and devices to reduce parasitic losses; and (3) Determine how well the components and subassemblies work together in a vehicle environment or as a complete propulsion system and whether the efficiency and performance targets at the vehicle level have been achieved. The research performed under the vehicle systems subprogram will help remove technical and cost barriers to enable technology for use in such advanced vehicles as hybrid electric, plug-in electric, and fuel-cell-powered vehicles.

Staunton, R.H.; Burress, T.A.; Marlino, L.D.

2006-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

28

Modeling of the electron distribution based on bremsstrahlung emission during lower hybrid current drive on PLT  

SciTech Connect

Lower hybrid current drive requires the generation of a high energy electron tail anisotropic in velocity. Measurements of bremsstrahlung emission produced by this tail are compared with the calculated emission from reasonable model distributions. The physical basis and the sensitivity of this modeling process are described and the plasma properties of current driven discharges which can be derived from the model are discussed.

Stevens, J.E.; von Goeler, S.; Bernabei, S.; Bitter, M.; Chu, T.K.; Efthimion, P.; Fisch, N.; Hooke, W.; Hosea, J.; Jobes, F.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Lower hybrid current drive at plasma densities required for thermonuclear reactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Driving current in high-density plasmas is essential for the progress of thermonuclear fusion energy research based on the tokamak concept. The lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) effect, is potentially the most suitable tool for driving current at large plasma radii, consistent with the needs of ITER steady state scenario. Unfortunately, experiments at reactor grade high plasma densities with kinetic profiles approaching those required for ITER, have shown problems in penetration of the LH power into the core plasma. These plasmas represent a basic reference for designing possible methods useful for assessing the LHCD concept in ITER. On the basis of the phenomenology observed during LHCD experiments carried out in different machines, and model of the spectral broadening effect due to parametric instability, an interpretation and possible solution of the related important problem is presented.

Cesario, R.; Cardinali, A.; Castaldo, C.; Tuccillo, A. A.; Amicucci, L. [Associazione EURATOM/ENEA sulla Fusione, Centro Ricerche Frascati, 00044 Frascati (Italy)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

30

United Parcel Service Evaluates Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes how the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Fleet Test and Evaluation team evaluated the 12-month, in-service performance of six Class 4 hybrid electric delivery vans - fueled by regular diesel - and six comparable conventional diesel vans operated by the United Parcel Service.

Not Available

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

42] Hakim, D. (2005) “Hybrid-Car Tinkerers Scoff at No-Plug-J. (1969) “…and a Commuter Car with Hybrid Drive. ” PopularCars Initiative (2007) Photo: Technical Photos of Plug-In Hybrids and

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Simulated fuel economy and emissions performance during city and interstate driving for a heavy-duty hybrid truck  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We compare simulated fuel economy and emissions for both conventional and hybrid class 8 heavy-duty diesel trucks operating over multiple urban and highway driving cycles. Both light and heavy freight loads were considered, and all simulations included full aftertreatment for NOx and particulate emissions controls. The aftertreatment components included a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), urea-selective catalytic NOx reduction (SCR), and a catalyzed diesel particulate filter (DPF). Our simulated hybrid powertrain was configured with a pre-transmission parallel drive, with a single electric motor between the clutch and gearbox. A conventional HD truck with equivalent diesel engine and aftertreatment was also simulated for comparison. Our results indicate that hybridization can significantly increase HD fuel economy and improve emissions control in city driving. However, there is less potential hybridization benefit for HD highway driving. A major factor behind the reduced hybridization benefit for highway driving is that there are fewer opportunities to utilize regenerative breaking. Our aftertreatment simulations indicate that opportunities for passive DPF regeneration are much greater for both hybrid and conventional trucks during highway driving due to higher sustained exhaust temperatures. When passive DPF regeneration is extensively utilized, the fuel penalty for particulate control is virtually eliminated, except for the 0.4%-0.9% fuel penalty associated with the slightly higher exhaust backpressure.

Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Pihl, Josh A [ORNL; Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Hybridization of multi-objective evolutionary algorithms and artificial neural networks for optimizing the performance of electrical drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Performance optimization of electrical drives implies a lot of degrees of freedom in the variation of design parameters, which in turn makes the process overly complex and sometimes impossible to handle for classical analytical optimization approaches. ... Keywords: Electrical drives, Feed-forward artificial neural networks, Hybridization, Multi-objective evolutionary algorithms, Performance optimization, Surrogate fitness evaluation

Alexandru-Ciprian Zvoianu, Gerd Bramerdorfer, Edwin Lughofer, Siegfried Silber, Wolfgang Amrhein, Erich Peter Klement

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Measured Laboratory and In-Use Fuel Economy Observed over Targeted Drive Cycles for Comparable Hybrid and Conventional Package Delivery Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In-use and laboratory-derived fuel economies were analyzed for a medium-duty hybrid electric drivetrain with 'engine off at idle' capability and a conventional drivetrain in a typical commercial package delivery application. Vehicles studied included eleven 2010 Freightliner P100H hybrids in service at a United Parcel Service facility in Minneapolis during the first half of 2010. The hybrids were evaluated for 18 months against eleven 2010 Freightliner P100D diesels at the same facility. Both vehicle groups use the same 2009 Cummins ISB 200-HP engine. In-use fuel economy was evaluated using UPS's fueling and mileage records, periodic ECM image downloads, and J1939 CAN bus recordings during the periods of duty cycle study. Analysis of the in-use fuel economy showed 13%-29% hybrid advantage depending on measurement method, and a delivery route assignment analysis showed 13%-26% hybrid advantage on the less kinetically intense original diesel route assignments and 20%-33% hybrid advantage on the more kinetically intense original hybrid route assignments. Three standardized laboratory drive cycles were selected that encompassed the range of real-world in-use data. The hybrid vehicle demonstrated improvements in ton-mi./gal fuel economy of 39%, 45%, and 21% on the NYC Comp, HTUF Class 4, and CARB HHDDT test cycles, respectively.

Lammert, M. P.; Walkowicz, K.; Duran, A.; Sindler, P.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

SciTech Connect

In the United States, there has been substantial recent growth in wind energy generating capacity, with growth averaging 24 percent annually during the past five years. About 1,700 MW of wind energy capacity was installed in 2001, while another 410 MW became operational in 2002. This year (2003) shows promise of significant growth with more than 1,500 MW planned. With this growth, an increasing number of states are experiencing investment in wind energy projects. Wind installations currently exist in about half of all U.S. states. This paper explores the key factors at play in the states that have achieved a substantial amount of wind energy investment. Some of the factors that are examined include policy drivers, such as renewable portfolio standards (RPS), federal and state financial incentives, and integrated resource planning; as well as market drivers, such as consumer demand for green power, natural gas price volatility, and wholesale market rules.

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

36

Evaluation of 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Drive System Interim Report  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory tests were conducted to evaluate the electrical and mechanical performance of the 2004 Toyota Prius and its hybrid electric drive system. As a hybrid vehicle, the 2004 Prius uses both a gasoline-powered internal combustion engine and a battery-powered electric motor as motive power sources. Innovative algorithms for combining these two power sources results in improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions compared to traditional automobiles. Initial objectives of the laboratory tests were to measure motor and generator back-electromotive force (emf) voltages and determine gearbox-related power losses over a specified range of shaft speeds and lubricating oil temperatures. Follow-on work will involve additional performance testing of the motor, generator, and inverter. Information contained in this interim report summarizes the test results obtained to date, describes preliminary conclusions and findings, and identifies additional areas for further study.

Ayers, C.W.

2004-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

37

Evaluation of 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electic Drive System Interim Report - Revised  

SciTech Connect

The 2004 Toyota Prius is a hybrid automobile equipped with a gasoline engine and a battery-powered electric motor. Both of these motive power sources are capable of providing mechanical drive power for the vehicle. The engine can deliver a peak power output of 57 kilowatts (kW) at 5000 revolutions per minute (rpm) while the motor can deliver a peak power output of 50 kW at 1300 rpm. Together, this engine-motor combination has a specified peak power output of 82 kW at a vehicle speed of 85 kilometers per hour (km/h). In operation, the 2004 Prius exhibits superior fuel economy compared to conventionally powered automobiles. Laboratory tests were conducted to evaluate the electrical and mechanical performance of the 2004 Toyota Prius and its hybrid electric drive system. As a hybrid vehicle, the 2004 Prius uses both a gasoline-powered internal combustion engine and a battery-powered electric motor as motive power sources. Innovative algorithms for combining these two power sources results in improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions compared to traditional automobiles. Initial objectives of the laboratory tests were to measure motor and generator back-electromotive force (emf) voltages and determine gearbox-related power losses over a specified range of shaft speeds and lubricating oil temperatures. Follow-on work will involve additional performance testing of the motor, generator, and inverter. Information contained in this interim report summarizes the test results obtained to date, describes preliminary conclusions and findings, and identifies additional areas for further study.

Ayers, C.W.; Hsu, J.S.; Marlino, L.D.; Miller, C.W.; Ott, G.W., Jr.; Oland, C.B.; Burress, T.A.

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

38

Lower Hybrid Heating and Current Drive on the Alcator C-Mod Tokamak  

SciTech Connect

On the Alcator C-Mod tokamak, lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) is being used to modify the current profile with the aim of obtaining advanced tokamak (AT) performance in plasmas with parameters similar to those that would be required on ITER. To date, power levels in excess of 1 MW at a frequency of 4.6 GHz have been coupled into a variety of plasmas. Experiments have established that LHCD on C-Mod behaves globally as predicted by theory. Bulk current drive efficiencies, n20IlhR/Plh ~ 0.25, inferred from magnetics and MSE are in line with theory. Quantitative comparisons between local measurements, MSE, ECE and hard x-ray bremsstrahlung, and theory/simulation using the GENRAY, TORIC-LH CQL3D and TSC-LSC codes have been performed. These comparisons have demonstrated the off-axis localization of the current drive, its magnitude and location dependence on the launched n|| spectrum, and the use of LHCD during the current ramp to save volt-seconds and delay the peaking of the current profile. Broadening of the x-ray emission profile during ICRF heating indicates that the current drive location can be controlled by the electron temperature, as expected. In addition, an alteration in the plasma toroidal rotation profile during LHCD has been observed with a significant rotation in the counter current direction. Notably, the rotation is accompanied by peaking of the density and temperature profiles on a current diffusion time scale inside of the half radius where the LH absorption is taking place.

R. Wilson, R. Parker, M. Bitter, P.T. Bonoli, C. Fiore, R.W. Harvey, K. Hill, A.E. Hubbard, J.W. Hughes, A. Ince-Cushman, C. Kessel, J.S. Ko, O. Meneghini, C.K. Phillips, M. Porkolab, J. Rice, A.E. Schmidt, S. Scott,S. Shiraiwa, E. Valeo, G.Wallace, J.C. Wright and the Alcator C-Mod Team

2009-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

39

Modeling, Simulation Design and Control of Hybrid-Electric Vehicle Drives  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ohio State University (OSU) is uniquely poised to establish such a center, with interdisciplinary emphasis on modeling, simulation, design and control of hybrid-electric drives for a number of reasons, some of which are: (1) The OSU Center for Automotive Research (CAR) already provides an infrastructure for interdisciplinary automotive research and graduate education; the facilities available at OSU-CAR in the area of vehicle and powertrain research are among the best in the country. CAR facilities include 31,000 sq. feet of space, multiple chassis and engine dynamometers, an anechoic chamber, and a high bay area. (2) OSU has in excess of 10 graduate level courses related to automotive systems. A graduate level sequence has already been initiated with GM. In addition, an Automotive Systems Engineering (ASE) program cosponsored by the mechanical and electrical engineering programs, had been formulated earlier at OSU, independent of the GATE program proposal. The main objective of the ASE is to provide multidisciplinary graduate education and training in the field of automotive systems to Masters level students. This graduate program can be easily adapted to fulfill the spirit of the GATE Center of Excellence. (3) A program in Mechatronic Systems Engineering has been in place at OSU since 1994; this program has a strong emphasis on automotive system integration issues, and has emphasized hybrid-electric vehicles as one of its application areas. (4) OSU researchers affiliated with CAR have been directly involved in the development and study of: HEV modeling and simulation; electric drives; transmission design and control; combustion engines; and energy storage systems. These activities have been conducted in collaboration with government and automotive industry sponsors; further, the same researchers have been actively involved in continuing education programs in these areas with the automotive industry. The proposed effort will include: (1) The development of a laboratory facility that will include: electric drive and IC engine test benches; a test vehicle designed for rapid installation of prototype drives; benches for the measurement and study of HEV energy storage components (batteries, ultra-capacitors, flywheels); hardware-in-the-loop control system development tools. (2) The creation of new courses and upgrades of existing courses on subjects related to: HEV modeling and simulation; supervisory control of HEV drivetrains; engine, transmission, and electric drive modeling and control. Specifically, two new courses (one entitled HEV Component Analysis: and the other entitled HEV System Integration and Control) will be developed. Two new labs, that will be taught with the courses (one entitled HEV Components Lab and one entitled HEV Systems and Control lab) will also be developed. (3) The consolidation of already existing ties among faculty in electrical and mechanical engineering departments. (4) The participation of industrial partners through: joint laboratory development; internship programs; continuing education programs; research project funding. The proposed effort will succeed because of the already exceptional level of involvement in HEV research and in graduate education in automotive engineering at OSU, and because the PIs have a proven record of interdisciplinary collaboration as evidenced by joint proposals, joint papers, and co-advising of graduate students. OSU has been expanding its emphasis in Automotive Systems for quite some time. This has led to numerous successes such as the establishment of the Center of Automotive Research, a graduate level course sequence with GM, and numerous grants and contracts on automotive research. The GATE Center of Excellence is a natural extension of what educators at OSU already do well.

Giorgio Rizzoni

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

40

Comparative urban drive cycle simulations of light-duty hybrid vehicles with gasoline or diesel engines and emissions controls  

SciTech Connect

Electric hybridization is a very effective approach for reducing fuel consumption in light-duty vehicles. Lean combustion engines (including diesels) have also been shown to be significantly more fuel efficient than stoichiometric gasoline engines. Ideally, the combination of these two technologies would result in even more fuel efficient vehicles. However, one major barrier to achieving this goal is the implementation of lean-exhaust aftertreatment that can meet increasingly stringent emissions regulations without heavily penalizing fuel efficiency. We summarize results from comparative simulations of hybrid electric vehicles with either stoichiometric gasoline or diesel engines that include state-of-the-art aftertreatment emissions controls for both stoichiometric and lean exhaust. Fuel consumption and emissions for comparable gasoline and diesel light-duty hybrid electric vehicles were compared over a standard urban drive cycle and potential benefits for utilizing diesel hybrids were identified. Technical barriers and opportunities for improving the efficiency of diesel hybrids were identified.

Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A Hybrid Unit Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for Electricity and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Series connection of two types of cells leads to a hybrid unit capable of delivering electricity and clean hydrogen. The role of electrodes on the operation of the ...

42

Advanced Batteries for Electric-Drive Vehicles: A Technology and Cost-Effectiveness Assessment for Battery Electric Vehicles, Power Assist Hybrid Electric Vehicles, and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Availability of affordable advanced battery technology is a crucial challenge to the growth of the electric-drive vehicle (EDV) market. This study assesses the state of advanced battery technology for EDVs, which include battery electric vehicles (BEVs), power assist hybrid electric vehicles (HEV 0s -- hybrids without electric driving range), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and fuel cell vehicles. The first part of this study presents assessments of current battery performance and cycle life ca...

2004-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

43

A hybrid fluid simulation on the Graphics Processing Unit (GPU).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a method to implement a hybrid particle/grid uid simulation on graphics hardware. The goal is to speed up the simulation by exploiting… (more)

Flannery, Rebecca Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Highway Vehicle Electric Drive in the United States: 2009 Status and Issues  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ANL/ESD/10-9 ANL/ESD/10-9 Highway Vehicle Electric Drive in the United States: 2009 Status and Issues Energy Systems Division About Argonne National Laboratory Argonne is a U.S. Department of Energy laboratory managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC under contract DE-AC02-06CH11357. The Laboratory's main facility is outside Chicago, at 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439. For information about Argonne and its pioneering science and technology programs, see www.anl.gov. Availability of This Report This report is available, at no cost, at http://www.osti.gov/bridge. It is also available on paper to the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, for a processing fee, from: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information

45

Economic Assessment of Electric-Drive Vehicle Operation in California and the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Chapter Nine incompetitive plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Eviron. Res.of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: Nationwide

Lidicker, Jeffrey R.; Lipman, Timothy E.; Shaheen, Susan A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Prospects for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in the United States : a general equilibrium analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) could significantly contribute to reductions in carbon dioxide emissions from personal vehicle transportation in the United States over the next century, depending on the ...

Karplus, Valerie Jean

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Proceedings of the 2002 Advanced Vehicle Control Conference, Hiroshima, Japan, September 2002 Control of a Hybrid Electric Truck Based on Driving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and found to work satisfactorily. Keywords / Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Powertrain Control, Heavy DutyProceedings of the 2002 Advanced Vehicle Control Conference, Hiroshima, Japan, September 2002 Control of a Hybrid Electric Truck Based on Driving Pattern Recognition Chan-Chiao Lin, Huei Peng Soonil

Peng, Huei

48

Evaluation of a Current Source Active Power Filter to Reduce the DC Bus Capacitor in a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science Knoxville, TN, 37996, USA tolbert@utk.edu Abstract ­ In hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), a battery-source inverter, dc bus capacitor, Electric vehicle, Harmonic current, Hybrid electric vehicle. I. INTRODUCTION Electric Vehicle Traction Drive Shengnan Li Student Member, IEEE The University of Tennessee Department

Tolbert, Leon M.

49

Policies and Market Factors Driving Wind Power Development in the United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the United States, there has been substantial recent growth in wind energy generating capacity, with growth averaging 24% annually during the past five years. With this growth, an increasing number of states are experiencing investment in wind energy. Wind installations currently exist in about half of all U.S. states. This paper explores the policies and market factors that have been driving utility-scale wind energy development in the United States, particularly in the states that have achieved a substantial amount of wind energy investment in recent years. Although there are federal policies and overarching market issues that are encouraging investment nationally, much of the recent activity has resulted from state-level policies or localized market drivers. In this paper, we identify the key policies, incentives, regulations, and markets affecting development, and draw lessons from the experience of leading states that may be transferable to other states or regions. We provide detailed discussions of the drivers for wind development in a dozen leading states-California, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Washington, West Virginia, and Wyoming.

Bird, L.; Parsons, B.; Gagliano, T.; Brown, M.; Wiser, R.; Bolinger, M.

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Comparison of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Life Across Geographies and Drive-Cycles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In a laboratory environment, it is cost prohibitive to run automotive battery aging experiments across a wide range of possible ambient environment, drive cycle and charging scenarios. Since worst-case scenarios drive the conservative sizing of electric-drive vehicle batteries, it is useful to understand how and why those scenarios arise and what design or control actions might be taken to mitigate them. In an effort to explore this problem, this paper applies a semi-empirical life model of the graphite/nickel-cobalt-aluminum lithium-ion chemistry to investigate impacts of geographic environments under storage and simplified cycling conditions. The model is then applied to analyze complex cycling conditions, using battery charge/discharge profiles generated from simulations of PHEV10 and PHEV40 vehicles across 782 single-day driving cycles taken from Texas travel survey data.

Smith, K.; Warleywine, M.; Wood, E.; Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Research on Fault Diagnosis of Hydropower Unit Based on Expert System and Hybrid Reasoning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the rapid development of computer and monitoring technologies in recent years, more and more online monitoring equipment of hydropower units have been installed and applied in hydropower plants, and so began the long-term accumulation of data. Although ... Keywords: fault diagnosis, hydropower unit, expert system, hybrid reasoning

Ye Zhou; Luoping Pan

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Economic Assessment of Electric-Drive Vehicle Operation in California and the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Chapter Nine inD.B. (editor) Plug-In Electric Vehicles: What Role Forplug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Eviron. Res. Lett. 2008,

Lidicker, Jeffrey R.; Lipman, Timothy E.; Shaheen, Susan A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Investigation of lower hybrid wave coupling and current drive experiments at different configurations in experimental advanced superconducting tokamak  

SciTech Connect

Using a 2 MW 2.45 GHz lower hybrid wave (LHW) system installed in experimental advanced superconducting tokamak, we have systematically carried out LHW-plasma coupling and lower hybrid current drive experiments in both divertor (double null and lower single null) and limiter plasma configuration with plasma current (I{sub p}) {approx} 250 kA and central line averaged density (n{sub e}) {approx} 1.0-1.3 x 10{sup 19} m{sup -3} recently. Results show that the reflection coefficient (RC) first is flat up to some distance between plasma and LHW grill, and then increases with the distance. Studies indicate that with the same plasma parameters, the best coupling is obtained in the limiter case (with plasma leaning on the inner wall), followed by the lower single null, and the one with the worst coupling is the double null configuration, explained by different magnetic connection length. The RCs in the different poloidal rows show that they have different coupling characteristics, possibly due to local magnetic connection length. Current drive efficiency has been investigated by a least squares fit with N{sub //}{sup peak}=2.1, where N{sub //}{sup peak} is the peak value of parallel refractive index of the launched wave. Results show that there is no obvious difference in the current drive efficiency between double null and lower single null cases, whereas the efficiency is somewhat small in the limiter configuration. This is in agreement with the ray tracing/Fokker-Planck code simulation by LUKE/C3PO and can be interpreted by the power spectrum up-shift factor in different plasma configurations. A transformer recharge is realized with {approx}0.8 MW LHW power and the energy conversion efficiency from LHW to poloidal field energy is about 2%.

Ding, B. J.; Qin, Y. L.; Li, W. K.; Li, M. H.; Kong, E. H.; Zhang, L.; Wang, M.; Xu, H. D.; Hu, H. C.; Xu, G. S.; Shan, J. F.; Liu, F. K.; Zhao, Y. P.; Wan, B. N.; Li, J. G.; Group, EAST [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Ekedahl, A.; Peysson, Y.; Decker, J. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint Paul-Lez-Durance (France)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

54

Analysis of Lower Hybrid Current Drive Scenario on Alcator C-Mod with a Full Wave  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power deposition. 2 CompX #12;LHRF waves have simple dispersion relation For LHRF Physics Regime we useX #12;For wavelength estimation, look at slab dispersion. Consider the lower hybrid dispersion relation done. Full Wave Annulus Plasma Parameters: Deuterium gas, n =1.5, f0 = 4.6 GHz, B0 = 5.3 T, Te=3.5 ke

Wright, John C.

55

Project Overview: United Parcel Service's Second-Generation Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes UPS second generation hybrid-electric delivery vehicles as compared to conventional delivery vehicles. Medium-duty commercial vehicles such as moving trucks, beverage-delivery trucks, and package-delivery vans consume almost 2,000 gal of fuel per year on average. United Parcel Service (UPS) operates hybrid-electric package-delivery vans to reduce the fuel use and emissions of its fleet. In 2008, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) Fleet Test and Evaluation Team evaluated the first generation of UPS' hybrid delivery vans. These hybrid vans demonstrated 29%-37% higher fuel economy than comparable conventional diesel vans, which contributed to UPS' decision to add second-generation hybrid vans to its fleet. The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team is now evaluating the 18-month, in-service performance of 11 second-generation hybrid vans and 11 comparable conventional diesel vans operated by UPS in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The evaluation also includes testing fuel economy and emissions at NREL's Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) Laboratory and comparing diesel particulate filter (DPF) regeneration. In addition, a followup evaluation of UPS' first-generation hybrid vans will show how those vehicles performed over three years of operation. One goal of this project is to provide a consistent comparison of fuel economy and operating costs between the second-generation hybrid vans and comparable conventional vans. Additional goals include quantifying the effects of hybridization on DPF regeneration and helping UPS select delivery routes for its hybrid vans that maximize the benefits of hybrid technology. This document introduces the UPS second-generation hybrid evaluation project. Final results will be available in mid-2012.

Not Available

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Simulations of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Using Advanced Lithium Batteries and Ultracapacitors on Various Driving Cycles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Batteries for Hybrid Vehicle Applications, 23 rdSimulations of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles using Advancedultracapacitors in plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) with high

Burke, Andy; Zhao, Hengbing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Evaluation of the 2008 Lexus LS 600H Hybrid Synergy Drive System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subsystems of the 2008 Lexus 600h hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) were studied and tested as part of an intensive benchmarking effort carried out to produce detailed information concerning the current state of nondomestic alternative vehicle technologies. Feedback provided by benchmarking efforts is particularly useful to partners of the Vehicle Technologies collaborative research program as it is essential in establishing reasonable yet challenging programmatic goals which facilitate development of competitive technologies. The competitive nature set forth by the Vehicle Technologies program not only promotes energy independence and economic stability, it also advocates the advancement of alternative vehicle technologies in an overall global perspective. These technologies greatly facilitate the potential to reduce dependency on depleting natural resources and mitigate harmful impacts of transportation upon the environment.

Burress, T.A.; Coomer, C.L.; Campbell, S.L.; Wereszczak, A.A.; Cunningham, J.P.; Marlino, L.D.; Seiber, L.E.; Lin, H.T.

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

Feasible Café Standard Increases Using Emerging Diesel and Hybrid-Electric Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003 7. Hermance, D. , Toyota Hybrid System, 1999SAE TOPTECGasoline Engine for the Toyota Hybrid System, JSAE Papervehicles being marketed by Toyota and Honda in the United

Burke, Andy; Abeles, Ethan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Feasible CAFE Standard Increases Using Emerging Diesel and Hybrid-Electric Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003 7. Hermance, D. , Toyota Hybrid System, 1999SAE TOPTECGasoline Engine for the Toyota Hybrid System, JSAE Papervehicles being marketed by Toyota and Honda in the United

Burke, Andy; Abeles, Ethan C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

A Soft-Switching Inverter for High-Temperature Advanced Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Motor Drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The state-of-the-art hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) require the inverter cooling system to have a separate loop to avoid power semiconductor junction over temperatures because the engine coolant temperature of 105?C does not allow for much temperature rise in silicon devices. The proposed work is to develop an advanced soft-switching inverter that will eliminate the device switching loss and cut down the power loss so that the inverter can operate at high-temperature conditions while operating at high switching frequencies with small current ripple in low inductance based permanent magnet motors. The proposed tasks also include high-temperature packaging and thermal modeling and simulation to ensure the packaged module can operate at the desired temperature. The developed module will be integrated with the motor and vehicle controller for dynamometer and in-vehicle testing to prove its superiority. This report will describe the detailed technical design of the soft-switching inverters and their test results. The experiments were conducted both in module level for the module conduction and switching characteristics and in inverter level for its efficiency under inductive and dynamometer load conditions. The performance will be compared with the DOE original specification.

None, None

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

PM Motor Parametric Design Analyses for Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Drive Application: Interim Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR (Cooperative Automotive Research) and Vehicle Technologies has a strong interest in making rapid progress in permanent magnet (PM) machine development. The program is directing various technology development projects that will advance the technology and lead to request for proposals (RFP) for manufacturer prototypes. This aggressive approach is possible because the technology is clearly within reach and the approach is deemed essential, based on strong market demand, escalating fuel prices, and competitive considerations. In response, this study began parallel development paths that included a literature search/review, development and utilization of multiple parametric models to determine the effects of design parameters, verification of the modeling methodology, development of an interior PM (IPM) machine baseline design, development of alternative machine baseline designs, and cost analyses for several candidate machines. This interim progress report summarizes the results of these activities as of June 2004. This report provides background and summary information for recent machine parametric studies and testing programs that demonstrate both the potential capabilities and technical limitations of brushless PM machines (axial gap and radial gap), the IPM machine, the surface-mount PM machines (interior or exterior rotor), induction machines, and switched reluctance machines. The FreedomCAR program, while acknowledging the progress made by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Delphi, Delco-Remy International, and others in these programs, has redirected efforts toward a ''short path'' to a marketable and competitive PM motor for hybrid electric vehicle traction applications. The program has developed a set of performance targets for the type of traction machine desired. The short-path approach entails a comprehensive design effort focusing on the IPM machine and meeting the performance targets. The selection of the IPM machine reflects industry's confidence in this market-proven design that exhibits a power density surpassed by no other machine design.

Staunton, R.H.

2004-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

62

Simulations of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Using Advanced Lithium Batteries and Ultracapacitors on Various Driving Cycles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gelder E. Plug-in Hybrid-Electric Vehicle Powertrain DesignIntegration for Hybrid Electric Vehicles, IEEE Transactionsmodels [1-3] of hybrid-electric vehicles using Advisor have

Burke, Andy; Zhao, Hengbing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Economic Assessment of Electric-Drive Vehicle Operation in California and the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity rates in California and across the United States (STATES ABSTRACT This study examines the relative economics of electric vehicle operation in the context of current electricity rates

Lidicker, Jeffrey R.; Lipman, Timothy E.; Shaheen, Susan A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Interim Project Results: United Parcel Service's Second-Generation Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes the performance evaluation of United Parcel Service's second-generation hybrid-electric delivery vans. The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is evaluating the 18-month, in-service performance of 11 of these vans along with 11 comparable conventional diesel vans operating in Minneapolis, Minnesota. As a complement to the field study, the team recently completed fuel economy and emissions testing at NREL's Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) laboratory.

Not Available

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Influence of driving patterns on life cycle cost and emissions of hybrid and plug-in electric vehicle powertrains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

assessment Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles a b s t r a c t We compare the potential of hybrid, extended-range plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles to reduce lifetime cost and life cycle greenhouse gas, 2009­04­11). Plug-in vehicles, including plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and battery electric

Michalek, Jeremy J.

66

Optimal sizing study of hybrid wind/PV/diesel power generation unit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a methodology of sizing optimization of a stand-alone hybrid wind/PV/diesel energy system is presented. This approach makes use of a deterministic algorithm to suggest, among a list of commercially available system devices, the optimal number and type of units ensuring that the total cost of the system is minimized while guaranteeing the availability of the energy. The collection of 6 months of data of wind speed, solar radiation and ambient temperature recorded for every hour of the day were used. The mathematical modeling of the main elements of the hybrid wind/PV/diesel system is exposed showing the more relevant sizing variables. A deterministic algorithm is used to minimize the total cost of the system while guaranteeing the satisfaction of the load demand. A comparison between the total cost of the hybrid wind/PV/diesel energy system with batteries and the hybrid wind/PV/diesel energy system without batteries is presented. The reached results demonstrate the practical utility of the used sizing methodology and show the influence of the battery storage on the total cost of the hybrid system. (author)

Belfkira, Rachid; Zhang, Lu; Barakat, Georges [Groupe de Recherche en Electrotechnique et Automatique du Havre, University of Le Havre, 25 rue Philippe Lebon, BP 1123, 76063 Le Havre (France)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

67

What Drives the Variability of Evaporative Demand across the Conterminous United States?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To understand the sources of temporal and spatial variability of atmospheric evaporative demand across the conterminous United States (CONUS), a mean-value, second-moment uncertainty analysis is applied to a spatially distributed dataset of daily ...

Michael Hobbins; Andrew Wood; David Streubel; Kevin Werner

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Wind/hybrid power system test facilities in the United States and Canada  

SciTech Connect

By 1995, there will be four facilities available for testing of wind/hybrid power systems in the United States and Canada. This paper describes the mission, approach, capabilities, and status of activity at each of these facilities. These facilities have in common a focus on power systems for remote, off-grid locations that include wind energy. At the same time, these facilities have diverse, yet complimentary, missions that range from research to technology development to testing. The first facility is the test facility at the Institut de Recherche d`Hydro-Quebec (IREQ), Hydro-Quebec`s research institute near Montreal, Canada. This facility, not currently in operation, was used for initial experiments demonstrating the dynamic stability of a high penetration, no-storage wind/diesel (HPNSWD) concept. The second facility is located at the Atlantic Wind Test Site (AWTS) on Prince Edward Island, Canada, where testing of the HPNSWD concept developed by Hydro-Quebec is currently underway. The third is the Hybrid Power Test Facility planned for the National Wind Technology Center at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, which will focus on testing commercially available hybrid power systems. The fourth is the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Conservation and Production Research Laboratory in Bushland, Texas, where a test laboratory is being developed to study wind-energy penetration and control strategies for wind/hybrid systems. The authors recognize that this summary of test facilities is not all inclusive; for example, at least one US industrial facility is currently testing a hybrid power system. Our intent, though, is to describe four facilities owned by nonprofit or governmental institutions in North America that are or will be available for ongoing development of wind/hybrid power systems.

Green, H J [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Clark, R N [USDA Conservation and Production Research Laboratory, Bushland, TX (United States); Brothers, C [Atlantic Wind Test Site, North Cape, PE (Canada); Saulnier, B [Institut de Recherche d`Hydro-Quebec, Varennes, PQ (Canada)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Subcontract Report: Final Report on Assessment of Motor Technologies for Traction Drives of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (Subcontract #4000080341)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Currently, interior permanent magnet (IPM) motors with rare-earth (RE) magnets are almost universally used for hybrid and electric vehicles (EVs) because of their superior properties, particularly power density. However, there is now a distinct possibility of limited supply or very high cost of RE magnets that could make IPM motors unavailable or too expensive. Because development of electric motors is a critical part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Power Electronics and Motors activity, DOE needs to determine which options should be investigated and what barriers should be addressed. Therefore, in order to provide a basis for deciding which research topics should be pursued, an assessment of various motor technologies was conducted to determine which, if any, is potentially capable of meeting FreedomCAR 2015 and 2020 targets. Highest priority was given to IPM, surface mounted permanent magnet (SPM), induction, and switched reluctance (SR) motors. Also of interest, but with lesser emphasis, were wheel motors, multiple-rotor motors, motors with external excitation, and several others that emerged from the assessment. Cost and power density (from a design perspective, the power density criterion translates to torque density) are emerging as the two most important properties of motors for traction drives in hybrid and EVs, although efficiency and specific power also are very important. The primary approach for this assessment involved interviews with original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), their suppliers, and other technical experts. For each technology, the following issues were discussed: (1) The current state-of-the-art performance and cost; (2) Recent trends in the technology; (3) Inherent characteristics of the motor - which ones limit the ability of the technology to meet the targets and which ones aid in meeting the target; (4) What research and development (R&D) would be needed to meet the targets; and (5) The potential for the technology to meet the targets. The interviews were supplemented with information from past Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) reports, previous assessments that were conducted in 2004, and literature on magnet technology. The results of the assessment validated the DOE strategy involving three parallel paths: (1) there is enough of a possibility that RE magnets will continue to be available, either from sources outside China or from increased production in China, that development of IPM motors using RE magnets should be continued with emphasis on meeting the cost target. (2) yet the possibility that RE magnets may become unavailable or too expensive justifies efforts to develop innovative designs for permanent magnet (PM) motors that do not use RE magnets. Possible other magnets that may be substituted for RE magnets include samarium-cobalt (Sm-Co), Alnico, and ferrites. Alternatively, efforts to develop motors that do not use PMs but offer attributes similar to IPM motors also are encouraged. (3) New magnet materials using new alloys or processing techniques that would be less expensive or have comparable or superior properties to existing materials should be developed if possible. IPM motors are by far the most popular choice for hybrid and EVs because of their high power density, specific power, and constant power-speed ratio (CPSR). Performance of these motors is optimized when the strongest possible magnets - i.e., RE neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) magnets - are used.

Fezzler, Raymond [BIZTEK Consulting, Inc.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Using GPS Travel Data to Assess the Real World Driving Energy Use of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Highlights opportunities using GPS travel survey techniques and systems simulation tools for plug-in hybrid vehicle design improvements, which maximize the benefits of energy efficiency technologies.

Gonder, J.; Markel, T.; Simpson, A.; Thornton, M.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Simulations of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Using Advanced Lithium Batteries and Ultracapacitors on Various Driving Cycles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in and Batttery Electric Vehicles, The 5 th IEEE VehiclePlug-in and Battery Electric Vehicles, The 1 st IEEE EnergyE. Plug-in Hybrid-Electric Vehicle Powertrain Design and

Burke, Andy; Zhao, Hengbing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early Market for Hybrid Electric Vehicles. ” TransportationVehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and WhyPower Assist Hybrid Electric Vehicles, and Plug-in Hybrid

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Electric-Drive Vehicle Basics (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Describes the basics of electric-drive vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, all-electric vehicles, and the various charging options.

Not Available

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Hybrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

may prove to be a limitation for realizing technologies for very high gradient accelerators. In this article, we present a scheme that uses a hybrid dielectric and iris-loaded...

75

Study of the Advantages of Internal Permanent Magnet Drive Motor with Selectable Windings for Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This report describes research performed on the viability of changing the effectively active number of turns in the stator windings of an internal permanent magnet (IPM) electric motor to strengthen or weaken the magnetic fields in order to optimize the motor's performance at specific operating speeds and loads. Analytical and simulation studies have been complemented with research on switching mechanisms to accomplish the task. The simulation studies conducted examine the power and energy demands on a vehicle following a series of standard driving cycles and the impact on the efficiency and battery size of an electrically propelled vehicle when it uses an IPM motor with turn-switching capabilities. Both full driving cycle electric propulsion and propulsion limited starting from zero to a set speed have been investigated.

Otaduy, P.J.; Hsu, J.S.; Adams, D.J.

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

76

Simulations of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Using Advanced Lithium Batteries and Ultracapacitors on Various Driving Cycles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

weight, volume, and the cost of the battery unit. It is alsoweight, volume, and the cost of the battery unit. It is alsoCost-Effective Combinations of Ultracapacitors and Batteries for Vehicle Applications, Proceedings of the Second International Advanced Battery

Burke, Andy; Zhao, Hengbing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Company Adds Commercial Trucks to List of Hybrids | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Company Adds Commercial Trucks to List of Hybrids Company Adds Commercial Trucks to List of Hybrids Company Adds Commercial Trucks to List of Hybrids August 30, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis Allison’s bus hybrid drive unit for transit buses can be found in 164 cities around the world. The company will use similar technology in the commercial truck hybrid system. | Photo courtesy of Allison Transmission Allison's bus hybrid drive unit for transit buses can be found in 164 cities around the world. The company will use similar technology in the commercial truck hybrid system. | Photo courtesy of Allison Transmission Lindsay Gsell Allison Transmission uses $62.8 million in Recovery Act funding for commercial truck hybrid system Project will create or retain close to 100 manufacturing-related jobs in Indiana Hybrid systems could reduce diesel consumption by 35 percent in

78

Design and experience with the WS/HS assembly movement using labview VIS, national instrument motion controllers, and compumotor electronic drive units and motors  

SciTech Connect

The Low-Energy Demonstration Accelerator (LEDA), designed and built at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, is part of the Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) program and provides a platform for measuring high-power proton beam-halo formation. The technique used for measuring the beam halo employs nine combination Wire Scanner and Halo Scraper (WS/HS) devices. This paper will focus on the experience gained in the use of National Instrument (NI) LabVIEW VIs and motion controllers, and Compumotor electronic drive units and motors. The base configuration couples a Compumotor motor driven by a Parker-Hannifin Gemini GT Drive unit. The drive unit is controlled by a NI PXI-7344 controller card, which in turn is controlled by a PC running custom built NI LabVIEW VIs. The function of the control VI's is to interpret instructions from the main control system, the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS), and carry out the corresponding motion commands. The main control VI has to run all nineteen WS/HS motor axes used in the accelerator. A basic discussion of the main accelerator control system, EPICs which is hosted on a VXI platform, and its interface with the PC based LabVIEW motion control software will be included.

Day, L. A. (Lisa A.); Gilpatrick, J. D. (John Douglas); Gruchalla, M. (Michael); Martinez, D. G. (Derwin G.); O' Hara, J. F. (James F.); Shurter, R. B. (Robert B.); Stettler, M. W. (Matthew W.); Valdiviez, R. (Robert); Barr, D. S. (Dean S.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Overview of the Safety Issues Associated with the Compressed Natural Gas Fuel System and Electric Drive System in a Heavy Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report evaluates the hazards that are unique to a compressed-natural-gas (CNG)-fueled heavy hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) design compared with a conventional heavy vehicle. The unique design features of the heavy HEV are the CNG fuel system for the internal-combustion engine (ICE) and the electric drive system. This report addresses safety issues with the CNG fuel system and the electric drive system. Vehicles on U. S. highways have been propelled by ICEs for several decades. Heavy-duty vehicles have typically been fueled by diesel fuel, and light-duty vehicles have been fueled by gasoline. The hazards and risks posed by ICE vehicles are well understood and have been generally accepted by the public. The economy, durability, and safety of ICE vehicles have established a standard for other types of vehicles. Heavy-duty (i.e., heavy) HEVs have recently been introduced to U. S. roadways, and the hazards posed by these heavy HEVs can be compared with the hazards posed by ICE vehicles. The benefits of heavy HEV technology are based on their potential for reduced fuel consumption and lower exhaust emissions, while the disadvantages are the higher acquisition cost and the expected higher maintenance costs (i.e., battery packs). The heavy HEV is more suited for an urban drive cycle with stop-and-go driving conditions than for steady expressway speeds. With increasing highway congestion and the resulting increased idle time, the fuel consumption advantage for heavy HEVs (compared with conventional heavy vehicles) is enhanced by the HEVs' ability to shut down. Any increase in fuel cost obviously improves the economics of a heavy HEV. The propulsion system for a heavy HEV is more complex than the propulsion system for a conventional heavy vehicle. The heavy HEV evaluated in this study has in effect two propulsion systems: an ICE fueled by CNG and an electric drive system with additional complexity and failure modes. This additional equipment will result in a less reliable vehicle with a lower availability than a conventional heavy vehicle. Experience with heavy HEVs to date supports this observation. The key safety concern for the electric drive system is the higher voltages and currents that are required in the electric drive system. Faults that could expose personnel to these electric hazards must be considered, addressed, and minimized. The key issue for the CNG-fueled ICE is containment of the high-pressure natural gas. Events that can result in a release of natural gas with the possibility of subsequent ignition are of concern. These safety issues are discussed. The heavy HEV has the potential to have a safety record that is comparable to that of the conventional vehicle, but adequate attention to detail will be required.

Nelson, S.C.

2002-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

80

Drive reconfiguration mechanism for tracked robotic vehicle  

SciTech Connect

Drive reconfiguration apparatus for changing the configuration of a drive unit with respect to a vehicle body may comprise a guide system associated with the vehicle body and the drive unit which allows the drive unit to rotate about a center of rotation that is located at about a point where the drive unit contacts the surface being traversed. An actuator mounted to the vehicle body and connected to the drive unit rotates the drive unit about the center of rotation between a first position and a second position.

Willis, W. David (Idaho Falls, ID)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experiences with plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs). At theA.A. (2007) “Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles for a SustainableAssessment of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles on Electric Utilities

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Flex-Fuel Vehicles Including E85, Plug-in Hybrids Peakfor-flex-fuel-vehicles-including-e85-plug-in- hybrids-peak-

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessment for Battery Electric Vehicles, PowerAssist Hybrid Electric Vehicles, and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles. EPRI: Palo Alto, CA.

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

PHEV Energy Storage and Drive Cycle Impacts (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plug-in Hybrid vehicles energy storage and drive cycle impacts, presented at the 7th Advanced Automotive Battery Conference.

Markel, T.; Pesaran, A.

2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

85

Hybrid simulation and optimization-based capacity planner for integrated photovoltaic generation with storage units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unlike fossil-fueled generation, solar energy resources are geographically distributed and highly intermittent, which makes their direct control difficult and requires storage units. The goal of this research is to develop a flexible capacity planning ...

Esfandyar M. Mazhari; Jiayun Zhao; Nurcin Celik; Seungho Lee; Young-Jun Son; Larry Head

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Ultrasonic Phased Array Assessment of the Interference Fit and Leak Path of the North Anna Unit 2 Control Rod Drive Mechanism Nozzle 63 with Destructive Validation  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonic testing (UT) for primary water leak path assessments of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) upper head penetrations. Operating reactors have experienced leakage when stress corrosion cracking of nickel-based alloy penetrations allowed primary water into the annulus of the interference fit between the penetration and the low-alloy steel RPV head. In this investigation, UT leak path data were acquired for an Alloy 600 control rod drive mechanism nozzle penetration, referred to as Nozzle 63, which was removed from the North Anna Unit 2 reactor when the RPV head was replaced in 2002. In-service inspection prior to the head replacement indicated that Nozzle 63 had a probable leakage path through the interference fit region. Nozzle 63 was examined using a phased-array UT probe with a 5.0-MHz, eight-element annular array. Immersion data were acquired from the nozzle inner diameter surface. The UT data were interpreted by comparing to responses measured on a mockup penetration with known features. Following acquisition of the UT data, Nozzle 63 was destructively examined to determine if the features identified in the UT examination, including leakage paths and crystalline boric acid deposits, could be visually confirmed. Additional measurements of boric acid deposit thickness and low-alloy steel wastage were made to assess how these factors affect the UT response. The implications of these findings for interpreting UT leak path data are described.

Crawford, Susan L.; Cinson, Anthony D.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Hanson, Brady D.; Mathews, Royce

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

New York City Transit Drives Hybrid Electric Buses into the Future; Advanced Technology Vehicles in Service, Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (Fact Sheet)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY HYBRID DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY HYBRID ELECTRIC TRANSIT BUS EVALUATIONS The role of AVTA is to bridge the gap between R&D and commercial availability of advanced vehicle technologies that reduce U.S. petroleum use while improving air quality. AVTA supports the U.S. Department of Energy's FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program in moving these technologies from R&D to market deployment by examining market factors

88

Hybrid automobile  

SciTech Connect

The invention discloses a parallel hybrid drive system for self propelled vehicles including a direct current motor-generator having a drive shaft in common with an internal combustion engine leading to a variable speed transmission and a final drive train. The motor-generator has a no-load speed, established by a separate field exciter, below which it drives the shaft as a motor and above which it is driven by the shaft as a generator. Storage batteries are operatively connected to the motor-generator to supply power to it below the no-load speed. The internal combustion engine operates over a small RPM range around its most efficient speed at a power level established by a fixed throttle setting. The transmission is operatively connected to an accelerator and direction selector switch to vary the speed and direction of the vehicle.

Lynch, T.E.; Eastman, D.P.; Price, R.P.

1979-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

89

Upgrading coal plant damper drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The replacement of damper drives on two coal-fired units at the James H. Miller Jr. electric generating plant by Intelligent Contrac electric rotary actuators is discussed. 2 figs.

Hood, N.R.; Simmons, K. [Alamaba Power (United States)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Anticipating plug-in hybrid vehicle energy impacts in California: Constructing consumer-informed recharge profiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, vol. 1. Nationwidecompetitive plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. EnvironmentalDriving plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: reports from US

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Powertrain system for a hybrid electric vehicle - Energy ...  

A hybrid electric powertrain system is provided including an electric motor/generator drivingly engaged with the drive shaft of a transmission. The electric is ...

92

GenDrive Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GenDrive Limited GenDrive Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name GenDrive Limited Place Cambridge, United Kingdom Zip CB23 3GY Sector Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product Developing a range of grid-connected inverters, 'Plug & Play', for renewable energy (mostly solar and wind) systems. These are intended to improve ease of installation. Coordinates 43.003745°, -89.017499° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.003745,"lon":-89.017499,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

93

An Assessment of High Performance AC Motor Drives Versus DC Motor Drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In today's rapidly changing market place, drive users are applying AC and DC drives in applications that require more demanding speed and torque performance. Properly matching a drive's rating and unit characteristics to an application are two very effective ways of managing unit cost and cost reduction.

1998-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

94

Prospects for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles in the United States and Japan: A General Equilibrium Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) may offer a potential near term, low carbon alternative to today's gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles. A representative vehicle technology that runs on electricity in addition ...

Reilly, John M.

95

Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Describes the basics of electric-drive vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, all-electric vehicles, and the various charging options.

Not Available

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Describes the basics of electric-drive vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, all-electric vehicles, and the various charging options.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Current drive, anticurrent drive, and balanced injection  

SciTech Connect

In lower hybrid (LH) discharges, the number of suprathermal electrons is limited by the upper bound on the current density from the q = 1 condition, which is caused by the onset of the m = 1 MHD instability. The stored energy of suprathermal electrons, measured in terms of a poloidal beta, scales with plasma current as I/sub p//sup -1/. Potentially, these bounds represent very restrictive conditions for heating in larger machines. Consequently, it seems necessary to perform experiments where the electrons are driven in both directions, parallel and antiparallel to the magnetic field, i.e., bidirectional scenarios like anticurrent drive or balanced injection. Data from PLT relevant to these ideas are discussed. 6 refs., 4 figs.

von Goeler, S.; Stevens, J.; Beiersdorfer, P.; Bell, R.; Bernabei, S.; Bitter, M.; Cavallo, A.; Chu, T.K.; Fishman, H.; Hill, K.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Prospects for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in the United States and Japan: A general equilibrium analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- line chicken, pigs and cattle), biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel), and to drive these products around fossil fuels are coal, conventional crude oil, and conventional natural gas. 7 China's wholesale of bioenergy, but a large part of it will be used to produce biofuels. So the ultimate sustained biofuel

99

Feasible Café Standard Increases Using Emerging Diesel and Hybrid-Electric Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C.J. , The Future of Hybrid- Electric Vehicles and FuelsWith the emergence of hybrid-electric vehicles from JapaneseTechnologies 2.1 Hybrid-electric vehicles Hybrid-electric

Burke, Andy; Abeles, Ethan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Feasible CAFE Standard Increases Using Emerging Diesel and Hybrid-Electric Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C.J. , The Future of Hybrid- Electric Vehicles and FuelsWith the emergence of hybrid-electric vehicles from JapaneseTechnologies 2.1 Hybrid-electric vehicles Hybrid-electric

Burke, Andy; Abeles, Ethan C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

United States Department of Energy`s electric and hybrid vehicle site operator program. Final report, April 1991--September 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Drivers in San Juan County, which, is comprised of islands making for short distances on rural (low speed limits) roads, found that present day electric vehicle technology can work in certain applications. An honest, accurate appraisal of the expectations of the vehicle is essential. When needs and capabilities are able to match up, then successful ownership and operation can occur. Today`s EV technology can accomplish certain driving tasks. Careful, honest analysis what is expected of the car can lead to a rewarding EV driving experience. Providing recharge locations in the community proved essential of the peace of mind of the EV driver. Since heating and air conditioning represent electric loads whose reduces range, a moderate to warm year round climate is best for today`s EV. Also, even limited solar recharging has been determined to improve battery pack life.

NONE

1997-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

102

Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles - Status 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commercial availability of advanced battery systems that meet the cost, performance, and durability requirements of electric drive vehicles (EDVs) is a crucial challenge to the growth of markets for these vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are a subset of the family of EDVs, which include battery electric vehicles (BEVs), power assist hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and fuel cell vehicles. This study evaluates the state of advanced battery technology, presents u...

2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

103

1997 hybrid electric vehicle specifications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US DOE sponsors Advanced Vehicle Technology competitions to help educate the public and advance new vehicle technologies. For several years, DOE has provided financial and technical support for the American Tour de Sol. This event showcases electric and hybrid electric vehicles in a road rally across portions of the northeastern United States. The specifications contained in this technical memorandum apply to vehicles that will be entered in the 1997 American Tour de Sol. However, the specifications were prepared to be general enough for use by other teams and individuals interested in developing hybrid electric vehicles. The purpose of the specifications is to ensure that the vehicles developed do not present a safety hazard to the teams that build and drive them or to the judges, sponsors, or public who attend the competitions. The specifications are by no means the definitive sources of information on constructing hybrid electric vehicles - as electric and hybrid vehicles technologies advance, so will the standards and practices for their construction. In some cases, the new standards and practices will make portions of these specifications obsolete.

Sluder, S.; Larsen, R.; Duoba, M.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Feasible CAFE Standard Increases Using Emerging Diesel and Hybrid-Electric Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Toyota and Honda Hybrid Cars (2003) V e h i c l e Hondavehicles Full Hybrid Vehicle class Compact car Mid-size carthe hybrid powertrain technologies in the new car fleet

Burke, Andy; Abeles, Ethan C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Feasible Café Standard Increases Using Emerging Diesel and Hybrid-Electric Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Toyota and Honda Hybrid Cars (2003) V e h i c l e Hondavehicles Full Hybrid Vehicle class Compact car Mid-size carthe hybrid powertrain technologies in the new car fleet

Burke, Andy; Abeles, Ethan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Feasible CAFE Standard Increases Using Emerging Diesel and Hybrid-Electric Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R&D Co. at the SAE Hybrid Vehicle Symposium in San Diego,already being utilized in hybrid vehicles being marketed byfirst marketed their hybrid vehicles in Japan before doing

Burke, Andy; Abeles, Ethan C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Feasible Café Standard Increases Using Emerging Diesel and Hybrid-Electric Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R&D Co. at the SAE Hybrid Vehicle Symposium in San Diego,already being utilized in hybrid vehicles being marketed byfirst marketed their hybrid vehicles in Japan before doing

Burke, Andy; Abeles, Ethan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Powertrain system for a hybrid electric vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid electric powertrain system is provided including an electric motor/generator drivingly engaged with the drive shaft of a transmission. The electric is utilized for synchronizing the rotation of the drive shaft with the driven shaft during gear shift operations. In addition, a mild hybrid concept is provided which utilizes a smaller electric motor than typical hybrid powertrain systems. Because the electric motor is drivingly engaged with the drive shaft of the transmission, the electric motor/generator is driven at high speed even when the vehicle speed is low so that the electric motor/generator provides more efficient regeneration. 34 figs.

Reed, R.G. Jr.; Boberg, E.S.; Lawrie, R.E.; Castaing, F.J.

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

109

Powertrain system for a hybrid electric vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid electric powertrain system is provided including an electric motor/generator drivingly engaged with the drive shaft of a transmission. The electric is utilized for synchronizing the rotation of the drive shaft with the driven shaft during gear shift operations. In addition, a mild hybrid concept is provided which utilizes a smaller electric motor than typical hybrid powertrain systems. Because the electric motor is drivingly engaged with the drive shaft of the transmission, the electric motor/generator is driven at high speed even when the vehicle speed is low so that the electric motor/generator provides more efficient regeneration.

Reed, Jr., Richard G. (Royal Oak, MI); Boberg, Evan S. (Hazel Park, MI); Lawrie, Robert E. (Whitmore Lake, MI); Castaing, Francois J. (Bloomfield Township, MI)

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

110

Dynamic performance analysis for the solar hybrid repowering of the El Paso Electric Company Newman Unit Number 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to aid in the investigation of the feasibility of solar repowering of the reheat turbine using existing technologies. The dynamic response of the system to various cloud shadow velocities and cloud sizes was investigated. This analysis indicated that acceptable control of the reheat unit could be achieved for the cloud caused transients. 1 ref.

Hofer, D.A.; Pierce, B.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Distribution Drive | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Drive Drive Jump to: navigation, search Name Distribution Drive Place Dallas, Texas Zip 75205 Product Biodiesel fuel distributor. Coordinates 32.778155°, -96.795404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.778155,"lon":-96.795404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

112

Probing into hybrid organic-molecule and InAs quantum-dots nanosystem with multistacked dots-in-a-well units  

SciTech Connect

Hybridizing air-stable organic-molecules with advanced III-V semiconductor quantum-dots (QDs) structures can be utilized to create a new generation of biochemical sensing devices. In order to enhance their optical performances, the active regions in these QDs structures commonly consist of multistacked dots-in-a-well (DWELL) units. The effects of grafted molecules on the performances of the QDs structures with multistacked DWELLs, however, still remain unclear. Here, we show the significant improvements in the optical properties of InAs QDs in a hybrid nanosystem obtained by grafting biocompatible diazonium salt compound (amine donor) atop InAs QDs structure. Since its interface between the QDs structure and molecular monolayer retains an uncontaminated and non-oxidized condition, the nanosystem is an ideal platform to study the intrinsic properties of charge-carrier transport inside the system. Because of the complexity of the energy-levels in the QDs structure due to the existing surface QDs and DWELLs, selective excitation wavelengths (400, 633, and 885 nm, respectively) with different photo-energies are used to exactly analyze the complete charging mechanism in these QDs. A clear view of charge-carrier transfer inside the nanosystem is revealed by employing photoluminescence technique under selective-wavelength excitations. The present work provides new quantitative evidences for exploiting inorganic QDs applications in complex biological systems.

Chen Miaoxiang [Department of Micro- and Nano technology, Technical University of Denmark, Orsteds Plads, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Kobashi, Kazufumi [Nanotube Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

Energy sensitivity and variability analysis of Populus hybrid short-rotation plantations in northeastern United States. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Production of biomass by corn-like plantations has been demonstrated by a number of researchers. These forest analogs of agronomic cropping systems have the potential to yield substantially more biomass per unit area than traditional forests. Care is needed in choosing the appropriate sites, species, spacing, and harvesting strategies. Opportunities for increased yields have been suggested for fertilization and irrigation. Utilization of the biomass from these dense plantations for energy was the focus of this study. Although the amount of energy potential of the biomass is important, the energy output must be greater than the energy input for biomass to have a positive benefit to society. Further, in order to completely evaluate the net energy of the system it is necessary to examine the energy out-to-in ratios on the basis of usable energy (for example, usable heat, process steam and electricity), as well as all of the energies expended in producing, harvesting, transporting and processing the biomass. The objective of this study is to establish and analyze the energy inputs for selected management strategies in order to evaluate the sensitivity and variability of the energy inputs in the net energy analysis, and based on the net energy analysis to recommend a management strategy that minimizes energy inputs while maximizing biomass yield for short-rotation systems of Populus spp. in the northeastern United States.

Bowersox, T.W.; Blankenhorn, P.R.

1979-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

114

Modeling and Analysis of Hydraulic Energy Storage System for Hybrid Locomotives.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hybrid locomotive have more than one power source to provide driving power. The prime power source of a hybrid locomotive can be a diesel engine… (more)

Zhang, Boya

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Diesel hybridization and emissions.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The CTR Vehicle Systems and Fuels team a diesel hybrid powertrain. The goal of this experiment was to investigate and demonstrate the potential of diesel engines for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) in a fuel economy and emissions. The test set-up consisted of a diesel engine coupled to an electric motor driving a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT). This hybrid drive is connected to a dynamometer and a DC electrical power source creating a vehicle context by combining advanced computer models and emulation techniques. The experiment focuses on the impact of the hybrid control strategy on fuel economy and emissions-in particular, nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) and particulate matter (PM). The same hardware and test procedure were used throughout the entire experiment to assess the impact of different control approaches.

Pasquier, M.; Monnet, G.

2004-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

116

How Plug-in Hybrids Save Money  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How Plug-in Hybrids Save Money How Plug-in Hybrids Save Money Plug-in hybrid recharging Plug-in hybrids reduce fuel costs by Using high-capacity batteries that allow them to operate on electricity from the outlet for significant distances-electricity typically costs less than half as much as gasoline Using a larger electric motor that typically allows the vehicle to use electricity at higher speeds than regular hybrids Using regenerative braking to recover energy typically wasted when you apply the brakes Plug-in hybrid designs differ, and your driving habits, especially the distance you drive between re-charging, can have a big effect on your fuel bill. My Plug-in Hybrid Calculator estimates gasoline and electricity costs for any available plug-in hybrid using your driving habits and fuel costs.

117

Hydromechanical transmission with hydrodynamic drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This transmission has a first planetary gear assembly having first input means connected to an input shaft, first output means, and first reaction means, and a second planetary gear assembly having second input means connected to the first input means, second output means, and second reaction means connected directly to the first reaction means by a reaction shaft. First clutch means, when engaged, connect the first output means to an output shaft in a high driving range. A hydrodynamic drive is used; for example, a torque converter, which may or may not have a stationary case, has a pump connected to the second output means, a stator grounded by an overrunning clutch to the case, and a turbine connected to an output member, and may be used in a starting phase. Alternatively, a fluid coupling or other type of hydrodynamic drive may be used. Second clutch means, when engaged, for connecting the output member to the output shaft in a low driving range. A variable-displacement hydraulic unit is mechanically connected to the input shaft, and a fixed-displacement hydraulic unit is mechanically connected to the reaction shaft. The hydraulic units are hydraulically connected together so that when one operates as a pump the other acts as a motor, and vice versa. Both clutch means are connected to the output shaft through a forward-reverse shift arrangement. It is possible to lock out the torque converter after the starting phase is over.

Orshansky, Jr., deceased, Elias (LATE OF San Francisco, CA); Weseloh, William E. (San Diego, CA)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Super Energy Saver Heat Pump with Dynamic Hybrid Phase Change ...  

Super Energy Saver Heat Pump with Dynamic Hybrid Phase Change Material United States Patent Application

119

TransForum v8n2 - Drive Cycle Impact on PHEVs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

studied the impact of drive cycles on the component requirements of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Results showed that vehicles designed to satisy the urban...

120

HybriDrive Propulsion System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HybriDrive HybriDrive ® Propulsion System Cleaner, smarter power for transit DOE/FTA Fuel Cell Research Priorities Workshop Washington, DC 7 June 2010 Bart W. Mancini Sr. Principal Systems Engineer BAE Systems Ph: 607-770-4103 bart.mancini@baesystems.com 2 Overview 3 * BAE Systems FC Experience / Deployments * Technology gaps/barriers to full commercialization of fuel cell buses * Well-to-wheels energy efficiency and emissions * Cost metrics * Bus integration issues * Fuel cell bus R&D needs * Future plans BAE Systems FC Experience / Deployments 4 * 1998 - Georgetown/FTA/DOE Fuel Cell Bus #1 (still serviceable) * UTC 100 kW Phosphoric Acid FC using on-board Methanol Reformate, Hybrid propulsion & Electric accessories * 2000 - Georgetown/FTA/DOE Fuel Cell Bus #2 (retired) *

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Full Hybrid: Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

highlighted Stop/Start button banner graphic: blue bar highlighted Stop/Start button banner graphic: blue bar subbanner graphic: gray bar Overview Button highlighted Starting button Low Speed button Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button OVERVIEW Full hybrids use a gasoline engine as the primary source of power, and an electric motor provides additional power when needed. In addition, full hybrids can use the electric motor as the sole source of propulsion for low-speed, low-acceleration driving, such as in stop-and-go traffic or for backing up. This electric-only driving mode can further increase fuel efficiency under some driving conditions. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

122

Full Hybrid: Overview  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

highlighted Starting button Low Speed button Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button highlighted Starting button Low Speed button Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button OVERVIEW Full hybrids use a gasoline engine as the primary source of power, and an electric motor provides additional power when needed. In addition, full hybrids can use the electric motor as the sole source of propulsion for low-speed, low-acceleration driving, such as in stop-and-go traffic or for backing up. This electric-only driving mode can further increase fuel efficiency under some driving conditions. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

123

Brake blending strategy for a hybrid vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid electric powertrain system is provided including a transmission for driving a pair of wheels of a vehicle and a heat engine and an electric motor/generator coupled to the transmission. A friction brake system is provided for applying a braking torque to said vehicle. A controller unit generates control signals to the electric motor/generator and the friction brake system for controllably braking the vehicle in response to a drivers brake command. The controller unit determines and amount of regenerative torque available and compares this value to a determined amount of brake torque requested for determining the control signals to the electric motor/generator and the friction brake system.

Boberg, Evan S. (Hazel Park, MI)

2000-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

124

Holiday Food Drive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Food Drive Food Drive Holiday Food Drive During the recent holiday food drive, employees donated enough food to provide about 23,604 holiday meals for Northern New Mexico families. More than 432 frozen turkeys were donated this year by employees and other donors during 'Bring a Turkey to Work Day,' an annual Lab event that takes places Thanksgiving week. September 16, 2013 LANL employees organize food for the Holiday Food Drive. Contacts Giving Drives Ed Vigil Community Programs Office (505) 665-9205 Email Giving Drives Enrique Trujillo Community Programs Office (505) 665-6384 Email Helping feed Northern New Mexico families Community partners The Food Depot (Santa Fe) Del Norte Credit Union Smith's Food and Drug Giving Holiday Food Drive Holiday Gift Drive LANL Laces Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund

125

Optimization of Driving Styles for Fuel Economy Improvement  

SciTech Connect

Modern vehicles have sophisticated electronic control units, particularly to control engine operation with respect to a balance between fuel economy, emissions, and power. These control units are designed for specific driving conditions and testing. However, each individual driving style is different and rarely meets those driving conditions. In the research reported here we investigate those driving style factors that have a major impact on fuel economy. An optimization framework is proposed with the aim of optimizing driving styles with respect to these driving factors. A set of polynomial metamodels are constructed to reflect the responses produced by changes of the driving factors. Then we compare the optimized driving styles to the original ones and evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the optimization formulation.

Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL; Aguilar, Juan P. [Georgia Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

AOCS USB Flash Drive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

1 GB flash drive. AOCS logo printed on aluminum cover. AOCS USB Flash Drive Membership Merchandise Membership Merchandise 7F95621DF44FEA960BA8EE1D1E39CED4 1 GB USB flash drive. AOCS logo printed on aluminum cover. M-USB 17770

127

Drill drive mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A drill drive mechanism is especially adapted to provide both rotational drive and axial feed for a drill of substantial diameter such as may be used for drilling holes for roof bolts in mine shafts. The drill shaft is made with a helical pattern of scroll-like projections on its surface for removal of cuttings. The drill drive mechanism includes a plurality of sprockets carrying two chains of drive links which are arranged to interlock around the drill shaft with each drive link having depressions which mate with the scroll-like projections. As the chain links move upwardly or downwardly the surfaces of the depressions in the links mate with the scroll projections to move the shaft axially. Tangs on the drive links mate with notch surfaces between scroll projections to provide a means for rotating the shaft. Projections on the drive links mate together at the center to hold the drive links tightly around the drill shaft. The entire chain drive mechanism is rotated around the drill shaft axis by means of a hydraulic motor and gear drive to cause rotation of the drill shaft. This gear drive also connects with a differential gearset which is interconnected with a second gear. A second motor is connected to the spider shaft of the differential gearset to produce differential movement (speeds) at the output gears of the differential gearset. This differential in speed is utilized to drive said second gear at a speed different from the speed of said gear drive, this speed differential being utilized to drive said sprockets for axial movement of said drill shaft.

Dressel, Michael O. (Englewood, CO)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Low cost, compact, and high efficiency traction motor for electric and hybrid electric vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new motor drive, the switched reluctance motor drive, has been developed for hybrid-electric vehicles. The motor drive has been designed, built and tested in the test bed at a near vehicle scale. It has been shown that the switched reluctance motor drive is more suitable for traction application than any other motor drive.

Ehsani, Mark

2002-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

129

Holiday Gift Drive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Holiday Gift Drive Holiday Gift Drive Holiday Gift Drive Every year, Laboratory employees help fulfill the holiday wishes of children and seniors in our communities. In 2012, our employees helped more than 1,030 Northern New Mexico children, senior citizens and families have a brighter holiday season. September 16, 2013 Every holiday season, employees of Los Alamos National Laboratory donate and distribute gifts to families in need throughout Northern New Mexico. Contacts Giving Drives Ed Vigil Community Programs Office (505) 665-9205 Email Giving Drives Enrique Trujillo Community Programs Office (505) 665-6384 Email Helping New Mexico families feel the holiday spirit The 2013 campaign runs from November 21-December 18. 2012 Holiday Gift Drive partners Boys and Girls Club Del Norte (Abiquiu Site)

130

Quantifying the benefits of hybrid vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

per month; one model, the Toyota Prius has reached salesand their halo effect on Toyota and Honda have spurred abattery. Blending power Toyota’s Hybrid Synergy Drive™ uses

Turrentine, Tom; Delucchi, Mark; Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Sun, Yongling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Heating and current drive systems for TPX  

SciTech Connect

The heating and current drive (H and CD) system proposed for the TPX tokamak will consist of ion cyclotron, neutral beam, and lower hybrid systems. It will have 17.5 MW of installed H and CD power initially, and can be upgraded to 45 MW. It will be used to explore advanced confinement and fully current-driven plasma regimes with pulse lengths of up to 1,000 s.

Swain, D.; Goranson, P. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Halle, A. von; Bernabei, S.; Greenough, N. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Plasma Physics Lab.

1994-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

132

United States Geological Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Survey Survey Jump to: navigation, search Logo: United States Geological Survey Name United States Geological Survey Address USGS National Center 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive Place Reston, VA Zip 20192 Region Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Year founded 1879 Phone number 703-648-5953 Website http://www.usgs.gov/ Coordinates 38.947077°, -77.370315° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.947077,"lon":-77.370315,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

133

Adjustable Speed Drive Industrial Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric motors are significant users of electricity in the United States. Approximately 66 percent of the total electricity in the U.S. is used by electric motors. Electronic adjustable speed drives (ASDs) can save energy, lower maintenance cost and improve product quality. By providing a variable frequency output to ac motors the speed of the motors can be controlled and matched to the process requirements. The benefits that may be derived from using ASDs are described and the type of ASDs, applications and specific case studies of ASD installations are also discussed.

Poole, J. N.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

DistributionDrive | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DistributionDrive DistributionDrive Jump to: navigation, search Name DistributionDrive Place Addison, Texas Zip 75001 Product Supplier of Biodiesel, Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO), Recycled Vegetable Oil (WVO) and Engine Conversion Kits to use this fuels. Coordinates 38.477365°, -80.412149° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.477365,"lon":-80.412149,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

135

Learning from Consumers: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and Consumer Education, Outreach, and Market Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and Whys early market for hybrid electric vehicles. TransportationDriving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S.

Kurani, Kenneth S; Axsen, Jonn; Caperello, Nicolette; Davies, Jamie; Stillwater, Tai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Piezoelectric drive circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor drive circuit is provided which utilizes the piezoelectric elements as oscillators and a Meacham half-bridge approach to develop feedback from the motor ground circuit to produce a signal to drive amplifiers to power the motor. The circuit automatically compensates for shifts in harmonic frequency of the piezoelectric elements due to pressure and temperature changes.

Treu, Jr., Charles A. (Raymore, MO)

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

137

Piezoelectric drive circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor drive circuit is provided which utilizes the piezoelectric elements as oscillators and a Meacham half-bridge approach to develop feedback from the motor ground circuit to produce a signal to drive amplifiers to power the motor. The circuit automatically compensates for shifts in harmonic frequency of the piezoelectric elements due to pressure and temperature changes. 7 figs.

Treu, C.A. Jr.

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

138

Traction Drive Systems Breakout  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Traction Drive Systems Breakout Traction Drive Systems Breakout John M. Miller, PhD, PE, F.IEEE, F.SAE Oak Ridge National Laboratory Facilitator July 24, 2012 EV Everywhere Grand Challenge Vehicle Technologies Program - Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors eere.energy.gov EV Everywhere Traction Drive System * DOE goals for Electric Traction Drive System (TDS) innovations must be disruptive innovation focused to meet the CY2022 price target ($20,000 $25,000) for a mid-sized 5 passenger sedan having 5 year simple payback. Enhanced Efficiency Reduced Cost Traction Drive System EETT Roadmap: "Therefore, research is needed to develop technologies that are less expensive and, at the same time, smaller, lighter, more efficient, and equally reliable as conventional automotive technologies. "

139

Hybrid electric vehicles TOPTEC  

SciTech Connect

This one-day TOPTEC session began with an overview of hybrid electric vehicle technology. Updates were given on alternative types of energy storage, APU control for low emissions, simulation programs, and industry and government activities. The keynote speech was about battery technology, a key element to the success of hybrids. The TOPEC concluded with a panel discussion on the mission of hybrid electric vehicles, with a perspective from industry and government experts from United States and Canada on their view of the role of this technology.

1994-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

140

Traction drive automatic transmission for gas turbine engine driveline  

SciTech Connect

A transaxle driveline for a wheeled vehicle has a high speed turbine engine and a torque splitting gearset that includes a traction drive unit and a torque converter on a common axis transversely arranged with respect to the longitudinal centerline of the vehicle. The drive wheels of the vehicle are mounted on a shaft parallel to the turbine shaft and carry a final drive gearset for driving the axle shafts. A second embodiment of the final drive gearing produces an overdrive ratio between the output of the first gearset and the axle shafts. A continuously variable range of speed ratios is produced by varying the position of the drive rollers of the traction unit. After starting the vehicle from rest, the transmission is set for operation in the high speed range by engaging a first lockup clutch that joins the torque converter impeller to the turbine for operation as a hydraulic coupling.

Carriere, Donald L. (Livonia, MI)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Thermal Modeling of Hybrid Storage Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a lack of thermal models for storage clusters; most existing thermal models do not take into account the utilization of hard drives (HDDs) and solid state disks (SSDs). To address this problem, we build a thermal model for hybrid storage clusters ... Keywords: Cluster, Hybrid, Model, Storage, Thermal

Xunfei Jiang; Maen M. Al Assaf; Ji Zhang; Mohammed I. Alghamdi; Xiaojun Ruan; Tausif Muzaffar; Xiao Qin

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Battery Wear from Disparate Duty-Cycles: Opportunities for Electric-Drive Vehicle Battery Health Management; Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Electric-drive vehicles utilizing lithium-ion batteries experience wholly different degradation patterns than do conventional vehicles, depending on geographic ambient conditions and consumer driving and charging patterns. A semi-empirical life-predictive model for the lithium-ion graphite/nickel-cobalt-aluminum chemistry is presented that accounts for physically justified calendar and cycling fade mechanisms. An analysis of battery life for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles considers 782 duty-cycles from travel survey data superimposed with climate data from multiple geographic locations around the United States. Based on predicted wear distributions, opportunities for extending battery life including modification of battery operating limits, thermal and charge control are discussed.

Smith, K.; Earleywine, M.; Wood, E.; Pesaran, A.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Intrusions: What Drives Them?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The driving mechanism for the observed interleaving of water masses is generally assumed to be double-diffusive mixing. However, some observations of intrusions have been made in regions where the mean stratification is stable to double-diffusive ...

Dave Hebert

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Control rod drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A control rod drive uses gravitational forces to insert one or more control rods upwardly into a reactor core from beneath the reactor core under emergency conditions. The preferred control rod drive includes a vertically movable weight and a mechanism operatively associating the weight with the control rod so that downward movement of the weight is translated into upward movement of the control rod. The preferred control rod drive further includes an electric motor for driving the control rods under normal conditions, an electrically actuated clutch which automatically disengages the motor during a power failure and a decelerator for bringing the control rod to a controlled stop when it is inserted under emergency conditions into a reactor core.

Hawke, Basil C. (Solana Beach, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

CONTROL ROD DRIVE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

BS>A drive mechanism was invented for the control rod of a nuclear reactor. Power is provided by an electric motor and an outside source of fluid pressure is utilized in conjunction with the fluid pressure within the reactor to balance the loadings on the motor. The force exerted on the drive mechanism in the direction of scramming the rod is derived from the reactor fluid pressure so that failure of the outside pressure source will cause prompt scramming of the rod.

Chapellier, R.A.

1960-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

146

School supply drive winding down  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

submit School supply drive winding down The drive is collecting materials for schools throughout Northern New Mexico and will be distributed by the Lab and Self Help, Inc....

147

Electric Drive Status and Challenges  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Achieve Traction Drive Cost Target * Inverter: cold plate, drive boards, thermal interface material, bus bar, current sensors, housing, control board, etc. Motor:...

148

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 2: United States Air Quality Analysis Based on AEO-2006 Assumptions for 2030  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How would air quality and greenhouse gas emissions be affected if significant numbers of Americans drove cars that were fueled by the power grid? A recently completed assessment conducted by the Electric Power Research Institute and the Natural Resources Defense Council made a detailed study of the question looking at a variety of scenarios involving the U.S. fleet of power generation and its fleet of light-duty and medium-duty cars and trucks. The study focused on plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs...

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

149

Electrical motor/generator drive apparatus and method  

SciTech Connect

The present disclosure includes electrical motor/generator drive systems and methods that significantly reduce inverter direct-current (DC) bus ripple currents and thus the volume and cost of a capacitor. The drive methodology is based on a segmented drive system that does not add switches or passive components but involves reconfiguring inverter switches and motor stator winding connections in a way that allows the formation of multiple, independent drive units and the use of simple alternated switching and optimized Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) schemes to eliminate or significantly reduce the capacitor ripple current.

Su, Gui Jia

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

150

Ceramic vane drive joint  

SciTech Connect

A variable geometry gas turbine has an array of ceramic composition vanes positioned by an actuating ring coupled through a plurality of circumferentially spaced turbine vane levers to the outer end of a metallic vane drive shaft at each of the ceramic vanes. Each of the ceramic vanes has an end slot of bow tie configuration including flared end segments and a center slot therebetween. Each of the vane drive shafts has a cross head with ends thereof spaced with respect to the sides of the end slot to define clearance for free expansion of the cross head with respect to the vane and the cross head being configured to uniformly distribute drive loads across bearing surfaces of the vane slot.

Smale, Charles H. (Indianapolis, IN)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Battery Choices and Potential Requirements for Plug-In Hybrids (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plug-in Hybrid vehicles energy storage and drive cycle impacts presentation given at the 7th Advanced Automotive Battery Conference.

Pesaran, A.

2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

152

Konceptuell design och utveckling av hybridfordon; Conceptual design and development of a hybrid vehicle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This report covers the conceptual design of a new one person hybrid vehicle that is to be fast and convenient to drive on the… (more)

Magnéli, Rickard; Seving, Staffan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

LCLS Injector Drive Laser  

SciTech Connect

Requirements for the LCLS injector drive laser present significant challenges to the design of the system. While progress has been demonstrated in spatial shape, temporal shape, UV generation and rep-rate, a laser that meets all of the LCLS specifications simultaneously has yet to be demonstrated. These challenges are compounded by the stability and reliability requirements. The drive laser and transport system has been installed and tested. We will report on the current operational state of the laser and plans for future improvements.

Dowell, D.H.; Castro, J.; Emma, P.; Frisch, J.; Gilevich, A.; Hays, G.; Hering, P.; Limborg-Deprey, C.; Loos, H.; Miahnahri, A.; White, W.; /SLAC

2007-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

154

CONTROL ROD DRIVE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Accurate and controlled drive for the control rod is from an electric motor. A hydraulic arrangement is provided to balance a piston against which a control rod is urged by the application of fluid pressure. The electric motor drive of the control rod for normal operation is made through the aforementioned piston. In the event scramming is required, the fluid pressure urging the control rod against the piston is relieved and an opposite fluid pressure is applied. The lack of mechanical connection between the electric motor and control rod facilitates the scramming operation.

Chapellier, R.A.; Rogers, I.

1961-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

155

Drive5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Drive5 Drive5 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Drive5 Agency/Company /Organization: Drive5 Sector: Energy Focus Area: Vehicles Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website, Mobile Device Website: www.drive5.us Web Application Link: www.drive5.us Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Challenge Generated Drive5 Screenshot References: Drive5[1] Challenge.gov[2] Challenge.gov Submission Page[3] Measure your fuel economy real time with five metrics to save on fuel costs. Overview Drive1: Fuel Economy Drive5 gives you real time fuel economy feedback for any car 1984 and newer by simply utilizing the sensors embedded in your phone or tablet. It uses a statistical algorithm which leverages the fueleconomy.gov's open dataset along with data from thousands of automobile trips. No connections to the

156

Multilevel converters for large electric drives  

SciTech Connect

Traditional two-level high frequency pulse width modulation (PWM) inverters for motor drives have several problems associated with their high frequency switching which produces common-mode voltage and high voltage change (dV/dt) rates to the motor windings. Multilevel inverters solve these problems because their devices can switch at a much lower frequency. Two different multilevel topologies are identified for use as a converter for electric drives, a cascade inverter with separate dc sources and a back-to-back diode clamped converter. The cascade inverter is a natural fit for large automotive all electric drives because of the high VA ratings possible and because it uses several levels of dc voltage sources which would be available from batteries or fuel cells. The back to back diode damped converter is ideal where a source of ac voltage is available such as a hybrid electric vehicle. Simulation and experimental results show the superiority of these two converters over PWM based drives.

Tolbert, L.M.; Peng, F.Z.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Integrated Inverter For Driving Multiple Electric Machines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric machine drive (50) has a plurality of inverters (50a, 50b) for controlling respective electric machines (57, 62), which may include a three-phase main traction machine (57) and two-phase accessory machines (62) in a hybrid or electric vehicle. The drive (50) has a common control section (53, 54) for controlling the plurality of inverters (50a, 50b) with only one microelectronic processor (54) for controlling the plurality of inverters (50a, 50b), only one gate driver circuit (53) for controlling conduction of semiconductor switches (S1-S10) in the plurality of inverters (50a, 50b), and also includes a common dc bus (70), a common dc bus filtering capacitor (C1) and a common dc bus voltage sensor (67). The electric machines (57, 62) may be synchronous machines, induction machines, or PM machines and may be operated in a motoring mode or a generating mode.

Su, Gui-Jia [Knoxville, TN; Hsu, John S [Oak Ridge, TN

2006-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

158

Hybrid powertrain controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid powertrain for a vehicle comprising a diesel engine and an electric motor in a parallel arrangement with a multiple ratio transmission located on the torque output side of the diesel engine, final drive gearing connecting drivably the output shaft of transmission to traction wheels of the vehicle, and an electric motor drivably coupled to the final drive gearing. A powertrain controller schedules fuel delivered to the diesel engine and effects a split of the total power available, a portion of the power being delivered by the diesel and the balance of the power being delivered by the motor. A shifting schedule for the multiple ratio transmission makes it possible for establishing a proportional relationship between accelerator pedal movement and torque desired at the wheels. The control strategy for the powertrain maintains drivability of the vehicle that resembles drivability of a conventional spark ignition vehicle engine powertrain while achieving improved fuel efficiency and low exhaust gas emissions.

Jankovic, Miroslava (Birmingham, MI); Powell, Barry Kay (Belleville, MI)

2000-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

159

Chinese demand drives global deforestation Chinese demand drives global deforestation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chinese demand drives global deforestation Chinese demand drives global deforestation By Tansa Musa zones and do not respect size limits in their quest for maximum financial returns. "I lack words economy. China's demand for hardwood drives illegal logging says "Both illegal and authorized

160

INNOVATIVE HYBRID GAS/ELECTRIC CHILLER COGENERATION  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Engine-driven chillers are quickly gaining popularity in the market place (increased from 7,000 tons in 1994 to greater than 50,000 tons in 1998) due to their high efficiency, electric peak shaving capability, and overall low operating cost. The product offers attractive economics (5 year pay back or less) in many applications, based on areas cooling requirements and electric pricing structure. When heat is recovered and utilized from the engine, the energy resource efficiency of a natural gas engine-driven chiller is higher than all competing products. As deregulation proceeds, real time pricing rate structures promise high peak demand electric rates, but low off-peak electric rates. An emerging trend with commercial building owners and managers who require air conditioning today is to reduce their operating costs by installing hybrid chiller systems that combine gas and electric units. Hybrid systems not only reduce peak electric demand charges, but also allow customers to level their energy load profiles and select the most economical energy source, gas or electricity, from hour to hour. Until recently, however, all hybrid systems incorporated one or more gas-powered chillers (engine driven and/or absorption) and one or more conventional electric units. Typically, the cooling capacity of hybrid chiller plants ranges from the hundreds to thousands of refrigeration tons, with multiple chillers affording the user a choice of cooling systems. But this flexibility is less of an option for building operators who have limited room for equipment. To address this technology gap, a hybrid chiller was developed by Alturdyne that combines a gas engine, an electric motor and a refrigeration compressor within a single package. However, this product had not been designed to realize the full features and benefits possible by combining an engine, motor/generator and compressor. The purpose of this project is to develop a new hybrid chiller that can (1) reduce end-user energy costs, (2) lower building peak electric load, (3) increase energy efficiency, and (4) provide standby power. This new hybrid product is designed to allow the engine to generate electricity or drive the chiller's compressor, based on the market price and conditions of the available energy sources. Building owners can minimize cooling costs by operating with natural gas or electricity, depending on time of day energy rates. In the event of a backout, the building owner could either operate the product as a synchronous generator set, thus providing standby power, or continue to operate a chiller to provide air conditioning with support of a small generator set to cover the chiller's electric auxiliary requirements. The ability to utilize the same piece of equipment as a hybrid gas/electric chiller or a standby generator greatly enhances its economic attractiveness and would substantially expand the opportunities for high efficiency cooling products.

Todd Kollross; Mike Connolly

2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Hybrid Vehicle Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Links Hybrid Links Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov Web site. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Hybrid Vehicles and Manufacturers Acura ILX Hybrid Audi Q5 Hybrid BMW ActiveHybrid 3 ActiveHybrid 5 ActiveHybrid 7 Buick LaCrosse eAssist* Regal eAssist* Chevrolet Malibu Eco* Impala eAssist* Ford Fusion Hybrid Honda Accord Hybrid Civic Hybrid Honda CR-Z Honda Insight Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Infiniti M Hybrid Q50 Hybrid Q50 S Hybrid QX60 Hybrid Kia Optima Hybrid Lexus CT 200h Lexus ES 300h GS 450h LS 600h L RX 450h Lincoln MKZ Hybrid Mercedes-Benz Mercedes E400 Hybrid Nissan Pathfinder Hybrid Porsche Cayenne S Hybrid Subaru XV Crosstrek Hybrid Toyota Avalon Hybrid

162

Driving on "Green" Electrons | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driving on "Green" Electrons Driving on "Green" Electrons Driving on "Green" Electrons September 6, 2011 - 7:30am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program So you've decided you want to drive on electricity. You've considered your commute, how often you could plug in your car, and whether you want a plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV) or all-electric vehicle (EV) . But you have one more decision to make - your electricity source. Although electricity is cleaner than petroleum once it gets to your car, not all electricity is created equal. Greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change and smog-forming emissions can come from two different sources in cars - the vehicle's tailpipe and the production of the fuel. The total of these sources is the

163

Intelligent Energy Management Based on the Driving Cycle Sensitivity Identification Using SVM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) offer the ability to significantly reduce fuel consumptions and emission. Management of energy is one of essential elements in the implementation of hybrid electric vehicles. Engine and motor should satisfy the driver’s ... Keywords: driving cycle sensitivity, support vector machine, control strategy, genetic

Zhang Liang; Zhang Xin; Tian Yi; Zhang Xinn

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Route-Based Control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Today's hybrid electric vehicle controls cannot always provide maximum fuel savings over all drive cycles. Route-based controls could improve HEV fuel efficiency by 2%-4% and help save nearly 6.5 million gallons of fuel annually.

Gonder, J. D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Energetic Drives LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energetic Drives LLC Energetic Drives LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Energetic Drives LLC Place Gresham, Oregon Zip 97030 Sector Efficiency, Wind energy Product Oregon-based engineering firm that conducts industrial efficiency improvements, as well as repair and maintenance work for grid-tie inverters and wind turbines ranging from 10kW to 1.2MW. Coordinates 44.84866°, -88.786959° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.84866,"lon":-88.786959,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

166

Gas Mileage Tips - Driving More Efficiently  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving More Efficiently Drive Sensibly frustrated driver Aggressive driving (speeding, rapid acceleration and braking) wastes gas. It can lower your gas mileage by 33 percent at...

167

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #230: August 19, 2002 Hybrid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: August 19, 2002 Hybrid Electric Vehicles in the United States to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 230: August 19, 2002 Hybrid Electric Vehicles in the...

168

Effect of Temperature on Lithium-Iron Phosphate Battery Performance and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Range.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Increasing pressure from environmental, political and economic sources are driving the development of an electric vehicle powertrain. The advent of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in… (more)

Lo, Joshua

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Winding Control Improvement of Drive Motor for Hybrid Electric ...  

This invention uses winding connection control and bidirectional on/off switches to supply reasonable level voltage to a motor without a booster. This invention also ...

170

Equivalent circuit modeling of hybrid electric vehicle drive train  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main goals of the advanced vehicles designer are to improve efficiency, to decrease emissions and to meet customer's requirements. The design of such vehicles is challenging and cannot efficiently be achieved without an appropriate tool. The objective of this work is to develop and validate a modeling and design method adapted to advanced vehicles conception. The designer, as a system engineer, needs performances predictions and physical understanding of the system dynamics. In order to achieve this objective, a methodology based on electrical analogies and transducers theory is presented in this work. Using the powerful circuit theory to solve multi-disciplinary problems is not revolutionary, but applied to the design of advanced vehicles, it brings a strong insight and a visual, intuitive interpretation of the set of differential equations. The equivalent circuit obtained from this method offers an elegant alternative to traditional methods and is especially adapted to the study of the interactions between the mechanical and the electrical side of any electromechanical system.

Routex, Jean-Yves

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Control rod drive hydraulic system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydraulic system for a control rod drive (CRD) includes a variable output-pressure CR pump operable in a charging mode for providing pressurized fluid at a charging pressure, and in a normal mode for providing the pressurized fluid at a purge pressure, less than the charging pressure. Charging and purge lines are disposed in parallel flow between the CRD pump and the CRD. A hydraulic control unit is disposed in flow communication in the charging line and includes a scram accumulator. An isolation valve is provided in the charging line between the CRD pump and the scram accumulator. A controller is operatively connected to the CRD pump and the isolation valve and is effective for opening the isolation valve and operating the CRD pump in a charging mode for charging the scram accumulator, and closing the isolation valve and operating the CRD pump in a normal mode for providing to the CRD through the purge line the pressurized fluid at a purge pressure lower than the charging pressure.

Ose, Richard A. (San Jose, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

NREL: Vehicles and Fuels Research - DRIVE: Drive-Cycle Rapid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

representative drive cycles from raw data, the tool is capable of comparing vehicle operation to industry standard test cycles and can even select a representative...

173

Rotary drive mechanism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes a rotary drive mechanism which includes a rotary solenoid having a stator and multi-poled rotor. A moving member rotates with the rotor and is biased by a biasing device. The biasing device causes a further rotational movement after rotation by the rotary solenoid. Thus, energization of the rotary solenoid moves the member in one direction to one position and biases the biasing device against the member. Subsequently, de- energization of the rotary solenoid causes the biasing device to move the member in the same direction to another position from where the moving member is again movable by energization and de-energization of the rotary solenoid. Preferably, the moving member is a multi-lobed cam having the same number of lobes as the rotor has poles. An anti- overdrive device is also preferably provided for preventing overdrive in the forward direction or a reverse rotation of the moving member and for precisely aligning the moving member.

Kenderdine, E.W.

1991-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

174

Rotary drive mechanism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A rotary drive mechanism includes a rotary solenoid having a stator and multi-poled rotor. A moving member rotates with the rotor and is biased by a biasing device. The biasing device causes a further rotational movement after rotation by the rotary solenoid. Thus, energization of the rotary solenoid moves the member in one direction to one position and biases the biasing device against the member. Subsequently, de-energization of the rotary solenoid causes the biasing device to move the member in the same direction to another position from where the moving member is again movable by energization and de-energization of the rotary solenoid. Preferably, the moving member is a multi-lobed cam having the same number of lobes as the rotor has poles. An anti-overdrive device is also preferably provided for preventing overdrive in the forward direction or a reverse rotation of the moving member and for precisely aligning the moving member.

Kenderdine, Eugene W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

QUICK RELEASABLE DRIVE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A quick releasable mechanical drive system suitable for use in a nuclear reactor is described. A small reversible motor positions a control rod by means of a worm and gear speed reducer, a magnetic torque clutch, and a bell crank. As the control rod is raised to the operating position, a heavy coil spring is compressed. In the event of an emergency indicated by either a''scram'' signal or a power failure, the current to the magnetic clutch is cut off, thereby freeing the coil spring and the bell crank positioner from the motor and speed reduction gearing. The coil spring will immediately act upon the bell crank to cause the insertion of the control rod. This arrangement will allow the slow, accurate positioning of the control rod during reactor operation, while providing an independent force to rapidly insert the rod in the event of an emergency.

Dickson, J.J.

1958-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Energy efficient navigation management for hybrid electric vehicles on highways  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) are gaining popularity due to their economical efficiency as well as their contribution to environmental preservation. PHEVs allow the driver to use exclusively electric power for 30-50 miles of driving, and switch ... Keywords: formal model, navigation plan, plug-in hybrid vehicle

Mohammad Ashiqur Rahman, Qi Duan, Ehab Al-Shaer

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Unit Conversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unit Conversion. ... Unit Conversion Example. "If you have an amount of unit of A, how much is that in unit B?"; Dimensional Analysis; ...

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

178

Hydrogen--electric power drives  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogen--electric power drives would consist of most or all of these: chilled hydrogen gas tank, liquid oxygen tank, a bank of fuel cells, dc/ac inverter, ac drive motors, solid state ac speed control, dc sputter-ion vacuum pumps, steam turbine generator set and steam condenser. Each component is described. Optional uses of low pressure extraction steam and warm condensate are listed. Power drive applications are listed. Impact on public utilities, fuel suppliers, and users is discussed.

Hall, F.F.

1978-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Driving the Future  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Future the Future A r g o n n e ' s v e h i c l e s ys t e m s r e s e A r c h 3 2 v e h i c l e s y s t e m s r e s e a r c h At Argonne National Laboratory's Center for Transportation Research, our goal is to accelerate the development and deployment of vehicle technologies that help reduce our nation's petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Our Vehicle Systems research focuses on maximizing vehicle performance and efficiency through in-depth studies of the interactions and integration of components and controls in a large, complex vehicle system. Working with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the automotive industry, we investigate the potential of vehicle technologies ranging from alternative fuels to advanced powertrains, such as plug-in hybrids and electric vehicles. Funding

180

Top 10 tech cars [hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of new hybrid electric vehicle owners have expressed their disappointment with their purchase because of poor mileage. Official ratings for fuel use, based on the outdated driving patterns of US government test, turned out to be a poor predictor ...

J. Voelcker

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Analysis of a diesel-electric hybrid urban bus system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A hybrid bus powered by a diesel engine and a battery pack has been analyzed over an idealized bus-driving cycle in Chicago. Three hybrid configurations, two parallel and one series, have been evaluated. The results indicate that the fuel economy of a hybrid bus, taking into account the regenerative braking, is comparable with that of a conventional diesel bus. Life-cycle costs are slightly higher because of the added weight and cost of the battery.

Marr, W.W.; Sekar, R.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Ahlheim, M.C. [Regional Transportation Authority, Chicago, IL (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

united stadium. united station.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??DC United is one of Major League Soccerâs most decorated franchises, yet it still plays its home games within the crumbling confines of RFK Stadium.… (more)

Groff, David R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Direct Drive Systems DDS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Systems DDS Systems DDS Jump to: navigation, search Name Direct Drive Systems (DDS) Place Cerritos, California Zip CA 90703 Product Manufactures high speed, permanent magnet (PM), high-power motors, generators and power electronics. Coordinates 33.868545°, -118.063704° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.868545,"lon":-118.063704,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

184

Poulsen Hybrid, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Poulsen Hybrid, LLC Poulsen Hybrid, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Poulsen Hybrid, LLC Address 6 Waterview Drive Place Shelton, Connecticut Zip 06615 Sector Vehicles Product Poulsen Hybrid Year founded 2007 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 203-954-0050 Website http://www.poulsenhybrid.com Coordinates 41.2940567°, -73.0830626° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.2940567,"lon":-73.0830626,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

185

Intergral Drive Systems AG IDS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Intergral Drive Systems AG IDS Intergral Drive Systems AG IDS Jump to: navigation, search Name Intergral Drive Systems AG (IDS) Place Zurich, Swaziland Zip CH-8005 Sector Wind energy Product Zurich based producer of power electronics systems for wind turbines, PV plants, and propulsion systems. Coordinates 47.37706°, 8.53955° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.37706,"lon":8.53955,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

186

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and even buyers of hybrid vehicles. The interviews unfoldedarticles contended that hybrid vehicles cost $2,000 to $Our small group of hybrid vehicle buyers confessed they had

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and even buyers of hybrid vehicles. The interviews unfoldedarticles contended that hybrid vehicles cost $2,000 to $Our small group of hybrid vehicle buyers confessed they had

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and WhyEarly Market for Hybrid Electric Vehicles,” Transportationof the Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Research Center and

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and WhyEarly Market for Hybrid Electric Vehicles,” Transportationof the Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Research Center and

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

TTRDC - Light Duty E-Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), and all electric vehicles (AEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and AEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and AEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models. Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne's Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technology Program Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3. Figure 1 shows monthly new PHEV and AEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows yearly new HEV sales by model. Figure 3 shows electric drive vehicles sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 1999. Figure 4 shows HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price..

191

A hybrid face recognition approach using GPUMLib  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a hybrid face recognition approach which relies on a Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) Machine Learning (ML) Library (GPUMLib). The library includes a high-performance implementation of the Non-Negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) and the Multiple ... Keywords: GPU computing, face recognition, hybrid systems, multiple back-propagation, non-negative matrix factorization

Noel Lopes; Bernardete Ribeiro

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

An Optimal Fuzzy Logic Power Sharing Strategy for Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Optimal Fuzzy Logic Power Sharing Strategy for Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicles F. Khoucha1 presents a fuzzy logic controller for a Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV). The PHEV required driving economy, and emissions. Index Terms--Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), Internal Combustion Engine

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

193

36 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 35, NO. 1, JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1999 Multilevel Converters for Large Electric Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

voltage is available, such as in a hybrid electric vehicle. Simulation and experimental results show vehicles (EV's) that have large electric drives will require advanced power electronic inverters to meet--Cascade inverter, common-mode voltage, diode- clamped inverter, electric vehicle, motor drive, multilevel con

Tolbert, Leon M.

194

NREL: Learning - Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Photo of the front and part of the side of a bus parked at the curb of a city street with tall buildings in the background. This diesel hybrid electric bus operated by the Metropolitan Transit Authority, New York City Transit, was part of a test study that recently investigated the fuel efficiency and reliability of these buses. Credit: Leslie Eudy Today's hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) range from small passenger cars to sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and large trucks. Though they often look just like conventional vehicles, HEVs usually include an electric motor as well as a small internal combustion engine (ICE). This combination provides greater fuel economy and fewer emissions than most conventional ICE vehicles do. HEVs are powered by two energy sources: an energy conversion unit, such as

195

Impact of battery weight and charging patterns on the economic and environmental benefits of plug-in hybrid vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incentives. The federal Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit is available for PEV. Advances in electric-drive technologies enabled commercializa- tion of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs That Affect All-Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Efficiency and Range section). The time required to fully

Michalek, Jeremy J.

196

An Activity-Based Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Energy and Emissions Using One-Day Travel Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options for Compact Sedan and Sport Utility Vehicles, Report Electric Power Research Institute (2004) Advanced Batteries for Electric-Drive Vehicles,

Recker, W. W.; Kang, J. E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the future, wind energy developers may benefit from twofunds System benefits funds can also promote wind energyWind energy projects have been supported through a combination of systems benefits

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and emerging in-state renewable energy sources during thedevelopment, so State Renewable Energy News, Volume 10,03-002F.PDF State Renewable Energy News, Volume 11, No. 3,

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the above-market costs of renewable energy. 50 In its firstterm, lower-cost existing renewable energy sources in therenewable energy facilities, which further reduces the cost

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1: CUMULATIVE U.S. WIND ENERGY CAPACITY policies and broadof wind energy development, resource potential, and policythe state’s tax policy, the Mountaineer Wind Energy Center

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a property tax exemption for wind farms that helps lower theto assess property tax on wind farms at a special discountedlocated at the Gray County Wind Farm in southwest Kansas.

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

news release, “PUC Approves Xcel Resource Plan with AdditionPublic Utility Commission’s Xcel Wind Decision. ” Papera settlement requiring Xcel Energy to develop or purchase

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

state’s relatively low-cost wind energy resources have beens RPS requirement; low-cost wind energy; and, to a lesserthat helps lower the cost of wind energy generation. A law

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incentives, and integrated resource planning; as well as market drivers, such as consumer demand for green power, natural gas

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in natural gas prices made wind energy more economic. In aprices, also played a significant roll in advancing wind energynatural gas at prices of $3.50/Mcf. Wind energy generation

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

able to move forward in the PJM ISO because scheduling andresources. For example, the PJM market operates withoutmarket. 75 In addition, PJM is a relatively liquid spot

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inventory of State Incentives for Wind Energy in the U.S. :Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy, accessedenergy mandates, state tax and financial incentives,

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for green power, natural gas price volatility, and wholesalethe past several years, natural gas prices have experiencedonly from inflated natural gas prices but also from supply-

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Hybrid: Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar OVERVIEW Hybrid-electric vehicles combine the benefits of gasoline engines and electric motors to provide improved fuel economy. The engine provides most of the vehicle's power, and the electric motor provides additional power when needed, such as for accelerating and passing. This allows a smaller, more-efficient engine to be used. The electric power for the motor is generated from regenerative braking and from the gasoline engine, so hybrids don't have to be "plugged in" to an electrical outlet to recharge. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

210

Hybrid: Overview  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar OVERVIEW Hybrid-electric vehicles combine the benefits of gasoline engines and electric motors to provide improved fuel economy. The engine provides most of the vehicle's power, and the electric motor provides additional power when needed, such as for accelerating and passing. This allows a smaller, more-efficient engine to be used. The electric power for the motor is generated from regenerative braking and from the gasoline engine, so hybrids don't have to be "plugged in" to an electrical outlet to recharge. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

211

ARM - SGP Rural Driving Hazards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rural Driving Hazards Rural Driving Hazards SGP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Central Facility Boundary Facility Extended Facility Intermediate Facility Radiometric Calibration Facility Geographic Information ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts SGP Rural Driving Hazards The rural location of the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site facilities requires that visitors travel on unpaved, dirt and gravel, roads. Visitors should be aware of the driving hazards this presents by taking the following precautions: Proceed cautiously: Many rural roads have unmarked and blind intersections. Slow down: Sanded and gravel raods can cause a vehicle to swerve. Maintain a safe following distance: During the dry season, vehicles

212

Direct drive field actuator motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A positive-drive field actuator motor is described which includes a stator carrying at least one field actuator which changes in dimension responsive to application of an energy field, and at least one drive shoe movable by the dimensional changes of the field actuator to contact and move a rotor element with respect to the stator. Various embodiments of the motor are disclosed, and the rotor element may be moved linearly or arcuately. 62 figs.

Grahn, A.R.

1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

213

Mechanical drive for blood pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent relates to a highly efficient blood pump to be used as a replacement for a ventricle of the human heart to restore people disabled by heart disease. The mechanical drive of the present invention is designed to operate in conjunction with a thermoelectric converter power source. The mechanical drive system essentially converts the output of a rotary power into pulsatile motion so that the power demand from the thermoelectric converter remains essentially constant while the blood pump output is pulsed. (auth)

Bifano, N.J.; Pouchot, W.D.

1975-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

214

Traction sheave elevator, hoisting unit and machine space  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Traction sheave elevator consisting of an elevator car moving along elevator guide rails, a counterweight moving along counterweight guide rails, a set of hoisting ropes (3) on which the elevator car and counterweight are suspended, and a drive machine unit (6) driving a traction sheave (7) acting on the hoisting ropes (3) and placed in the elevator shaft. The drive machine unit (6) is of a flat construction. A wall of the elevator shaft is provided with a machine space with its open side facing towards the shaft, the essential parts of the drive machine unit (6) being placed in the space. The hoisting unit (9) of the traction sheave elevator consists of a substantially discoidal drive machine unit (6) and an instrument panel (8) mounted on the frame (20) of the hoisting unit.

Hakala, Harri (Hyvinkaa, FI); Mustalahti, Jorma (Hyvinkaa, FI); Aulanko, Esko (Kerava, FI)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Low backlash direct drive actuator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low backlash direct drive actuator is described which comprises a motor such as a stepper motor having at least 200 steps per revolution; a two part hub assembly comprising a drive hub coaxially attached to the shaft of the motor and having a plurality of drive pins; a driven hub having a plurality of bores in one end thereof in alignment with the drive pins in the drive hub and a threaded shaft coaxially mounted in an opposite end of the driven hub; and a housing having a central bore therein into which are fitted the drive hub and driven hub, the housing having a motor mount on one end thereof to which is mounted the stepper motor, and a closed end portion with a threaded opening therein coaxial with the central bore in the housing and receiving therein the threaded shaft attached to the driven hub. Limit switches mounted to the housing cooperate with an enlarged lip on the driven hub to limit the lateral travel of the driven hub in the housing, which also acts to limit the lateral travel of the threaded shaft which functions as a lead screw.

Kuklo, Thomas C. (Oakland, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Cone Drive Operations Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

worm gear technology. The company supplies azimuth and elevation drives for solar tracking applications. References Cone Drive Operations Inc1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

217

Electric vehicle drive train with contactor protection ...  

A drive train for an electric vehicle includes a traction battery, a power drive circuit, a main contactor for connecting and disconnecting the ...

218

Driving Green com | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

| Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Driving Green com Jump to: navigation, search Name Driving Green.com Place Melbourne, Florida Zip...

219

Control system design for a parallel hybrid electric vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses the design of control systems for a parallel hybrid electric drive train which is an alternative to conventional passenger vehicles. The principle components of the drive train are a small internal combustion engine and an electric machine. In the parallel configuration, both devices can apply torque directly to the drive shaft for propelling the vehicle. A low order drive train model is developed which is used during the controller design and overall system simulations. The model is composed of sub-models for the engine, mechanical brake, electric machine, converter, battery, drive shaft with gears, and road load with wind resistance. The model yields results which are rough approximations of component performance and are appropriate for a top level drive train control study. In order to mimic the controls of a conventional car, the hybrid vehicle controller must insure that the torque command given by the user through the accelerator and brake pedal is tracked by the hybrid drive train without error. In this thesis two control systems are designed which enable the drive train to emulate conventional vehicle performance by meeting torque commands. The first control design maximizes the battery state-of-charge by minimizing the torque contribution of the electric machine. The second control design includes a cost parameter allowing the user to specify the appropriate tradeoff between a high state-of-charge and increased fuel savings. Simulation results verify that both controllers achieve the design objectives. Results also suggest that under proper control the parallel hybrid drive train can offer equal performance and range to a conventional passenger vehicle with improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions.

Buntin, David Leighton

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Airport Drive, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Drive, Missouri: Energy Resources Drive, Missouri: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 37.1425588°, -94.5107824° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.1425588,"lon":-94.5107824,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Behavior of lower hybrid waves in the scrape off layer of a diverted tokamak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of the Lower Hybrid Current Drive (LHCD) system on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak is to investigate current profile control under plasma conditions relevant to future devices such as ITER and DEMO. This thesis addresses ...

Wallace, Gregory M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Current Hybrid Electric Vehicle performance based on temporal data from the world`s largest HEV fleet  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) procured new data collection equipment for the 42 vehicles registered to compete in the 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Challenge, increasing the amount of information gathered from the worlds largest fleet of HEVs. Data were collected through an on-board data storage device and then analyzed to determine effects of different hybrid control strategies on energy efficiency and driving performance. In this paper, the results of parallel hybrids versus series hybrids with respect to energy usage and acceleration performance are examined, and the efficiency and performance of the power-assist types are compared to that of the range-extender types. Because on-board and off-board electrical charging performance is critical to an efficient vehicle energy usage cycle, charging performance is presented and changes and improvements from the 1993 HEV Challenge are discussed. Peak power used during acceleration is presented and then compared to the electric motor manufacturer ratings. Improvements in data acquisition methods for the 1995 HEV Challenge are recommended.

Wipke, K.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

decisions around cars, fuel economy, and hybrid vehiclesfuel-ef?cient compact cars. The hybrid buyers in this studycar models are often small. So it’s unsurprising that even hybrid

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

decisions around cars, fuel economy, and hybrid vehiclesfuel-ef?cient compact cars. The hybrid buyers in this studycar models are often small. So it’s unsurprising that even hybrid

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

laura.schewel@berkeley.edu 1 VIRTUAL EV TEST DRIVE: INTRODUCTION AND PROJECT SUMMARY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and battery electric vehicles (4) (5). · Many consumers are not interested in strict economic rationality when costs? Her fundamental question: "What does an EV mean for me?" Virtual EV Test Drive helps answer all a plug-in hybrid probably would switch into gasoline mode, and if/where a battery electric would have run

Kammen, Daniel M.

226

Study of Shifting without Driving Force Interrupt for Double Electric Motor HEV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For traditional gearbox, the engine power is cut off while shifting, which will interrupt the power of power-train, make velocity down, affect the acceleration of up gear and lower the vehicle dynamic. A double electric motor hybrid electric vehicle ... Keywords: Double Electric Motor HEV, Shifting Without Driving Force Interrupt (SWDFI), Integrated Power-train

Wang Jiaxue; Wang Qingnian; Wang Weihua; Zeng Xiaohua; Li Chuan

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Legend Units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Syntax: LEGEND UNIT units> where is an integer number or parameter in the range 1 to 100 that specifies the legend identifier; and ...

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

228

Water drives peptide conformational transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transitions between metastable conformations of a dipeptide are investigated using classical molecular dynamics simulation with explicit water molecules. The distribution of the surrounding water at different moments before the transitions and the dynamical correlations of water with the peptide's configurational motions indicate that water is the main driving force of the conformational changes.

Nerukh, Dmitry

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Anomalous-viscosity current drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for maintaining a steady-state current for magnetically confining the plasma in a toroidal magnetic confinement device using anomalous viscosity current drive. A second aspect of this invention relates to an apparatus and method for the start-up of a magnetically confined toroidal plasma.

Stix, T.H.; Ono, M.

1986-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

230

NREL: Fleet Test and Evaluation - Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Drive Systems Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Drive Systems NREL's Fleet Test and Evaluation Team conducts performance evaluations of electric and plug-in hybrid electric drive systems in medium-duty trucks operated by fleets. Photo of medium-duty truck with the words "All Electric Vehicle" and "Plug-in" written on its side. NREL evaluates the performance of electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in fleet operation. All-electric vehicles (EVs) use batteries to store the electric energy that powers the motor. EV batteries are charged by plugging the vehicle into an electric power source. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are powered by an internal combustion engine that can run on conventional or alternative fuels and an electric motor that uses energy stored in batteries. The vehicle can be

231

Twelve-Month Evaluation of UPS Diesel Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Results of an NREL study of a parallel hybrid electric-diesel propulsion system in United Parcel Service-operated delivery vans show that the hybrids had higher fuel economy than standard diesel vans.

Lammert, M.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Battery control system for hybrid vehicle and method for controlling a hybrid vehicle battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A battery control system for hybrid vehicle includes a hybrid powertrain battery, a vehicle accessory battery, and a prime mover driven generator adapted to charge the vehicle accessory battery. A detecting arrangement is configured to monitor the vehicle accessory battery's state of charge. A controller is configured to activate the prime mover to drive the generator and recharge the vehicle accessory battery in response to the vehicle accessory battery's state of charge falling below a first predetermined level, or transfer electrical power from the hybrid powertrain battery to the vehicle accessory battery in response to the vehicle accessory battery's state of charge falling below a second predetermined level. The invention further includes a method for controlling a hybrid vehicle powertrain system.

Bockelmann, Thomas R. (Battle Creek, MI); Hope, Mark E. (Marshall, MI); Zou, Zhanjiang (Battle Creek, MI); Kang, Xiaosong (Battle Creek, MI)

2009-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

233

Model-Based Analysis of Electric Drive Options for Medium-Duty Parcel Delivery Vehicles: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Medium-duty vehicles are used in a broad array of fleet applications, including parcel delivery. These vehicles are excellent candidates for electric drive applications due to their transient-intensive duty cycles, operation in densely populated areas, and relatively high fuel consumption and emissions. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducted a robust assessment of parcel delivery routes and completed a model-based techno-economic analysis of hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle configurations. First, NREL characterized parcel delivery vehicle usage patterns, most notably daily distance driven and drive cycle intensity. Second, drive-cycle analysis results framed the selection of drive cycles used to test a parcel delivery HEV on a chassis dynamometer. Next, measured fuel consumption results were used to validate simulated fuel consumption values derived from a dynamic model of the parcel delivery vehicle. Finally, NREL swept a matrix of 120 component size, usage, and cost combinations to assess impacts on fuel consumption and vehicle cost. The results illustrated the dependency of component sizing on drive-cycle intensity and daily distance driven and may allow parcel delivery fleets to match the most appropriate electric drive vehicle to their fleet usage profile.

Barnitt, R. A.; Brooker, A. D.; Ramroth, L.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Hybrid options for light-duty vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) offer great promise in improving fuel economy. In this paper, we analyze why, how, and by how much vehicle hybridization can reduce energy consumption and improve fuel economy. Our analysis focuses on efficiency gains associated solely with vehicle hybridization. We do not consider such other measures as vehicle weight reduction or air- and tire-resistance reduction, because such measures would also benefit conventional technology vehicles. The analysis starts with understanding the energy inefficiencies of light-duty vehicles associated with different operation modes in US and Japanese urban and highway driving cycles, with the corresponding energy-saving potentials. The potential for fuel economy gains due to vehicle hybridization can be estimated almost exclusively on the basis of three elements: the reducibility of engine idling operation, the recoverability of braking energy losses, and the capability of improving engine load profiles to gain efficiency associated with specific HEV configurations and control strategies. Specifically, we evaluate the energy efficiencies and fuel economies of a baseline MY97 Corolla-like conventional vehicle (CV), a hypothetical Corolla-based minimal hybrid vehicle (MHV), and a MY98 Prius-like full hybrid vehicle (FHV). We then estimate energy benefits of both MHVs and FHVs over CVs on a performance-equivalent basis. We conclude that the energy benefits of hybridization vary not only with test cycles, but also with performance requirements. The hybrid benefits are greater for ''Corolla (high) performance-equivalent'' vehicles than for ''Prius (low) performance-equivalent'' vehicles. An increasing acceleration requirement would result in larger fuel economy benefits from vehicle hybridization.

An, F., Stodolsky, F.; Santini, D.

1999-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

235

US DRIVE Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle Efficiency and Energy Sustainability Partnership Plan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Partnership Plan Partnership Plan March 2013 U.S. DRIVE Partnership Plan Table of Contents Foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 2 Definition ...................................................................................................................................................... 3 Partners ......................................................................................................................................................... 3 U.S. DRIVE Vision ........................................................................................................................................... 3 U.S. DRIVE Mission ........................................................................................................................................ 4

236

Measurements and modeling of Lower Hybrid Driven fast electrons on Alcator C-Mod  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Lower Hybrid Current Drive (LHCD) system has been implemented on Alcator C-Mod with successful coupling to the plasma of up to 1 MW of power. Nearly fully non-inductive current drive has been achieved for several current ...

Schmidt, Andréa E. W. (Andréa Elizabeth Wilhelm)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Magnetically Coupled Adjustable Speed Drive Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Adjustable speed drive (ASD) technologies have the ability to precisely control motor sytems output and produce a numbr of benefits including energy and demand savings. This report examines the performance and cost effectiveness of a specific class of ASDs called magnetically-coupled adjustable speed drives (MC-ASD) which use the strength of a magnetic field to control the amount of torque transferred between motor and drive shaft. The MagnaDrive Adjustable Speed Coupling System uses fixed rare-earth magnets and varies the distance between rotating plates in the assembly. the PAYBACK Variable Speed Drive uses an electromagnet to control the speed of the drive

Chvala, William D.; Winiarski, David W.

2002-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

238

U.S. DRIVE Highlights of Technical Accomplishments 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 February 2012 Preface The U.S. DRIVE Partnership is a voluntary government-industry partnership focused on precompetitive, advanced automotive and related infrastructure technology research and development (R&D). Partners are the United States Department of Energy (DOE); the United States Council for Automotive Research LLC (USCAR), a consortium composed of Chrysler Group LLC, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors Company; Tesla Motors; five energy companies (BP America, Chevron Corporation, ConocoPhillips, ExxonMobil Corporation, and Shell Oil Products US); two electric utilities, DTE Energy and Southern California Edison; and the Electric Power Research Institute.

239

Intelligent energy management agent for a parallel hybrid vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation proposes an Intelligent Energy Management Agent (IEMA) for parallel hybrid vehicles. A key concept adopted in the development of an IEMA is based on the premise that driving environment would affect fuel consumption and pollutant emissions, as well as the operating modes of the vehicle and the driver behavior do. IEMA incorporates a driving situation identification component whose role is to assess the driving environment, the driving style of the driver, and the operating mode (and trend) of the vehicle using long and short term statistical features of the drive cycle. This information is subsequently used by the torque distribution and charge sustenance components of IEMA to determine the power split strategy, which is shown to lead to improved fuel economy and reduced emissions.

Won, Jong-Seob

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Granular gases under extreme driving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study inelastic gases in two dimensions using event-driven molecular dynamics simulations. Our focus is the nature of the stationary state attained by rare injection of large amounts of energy to balance the dissipation due to collisions. We find that under such extreme driving, with the injection rate much smaller than the collision rate, the velocity distribution has a power-law high energy tail. The numerically measured exponent characterizing this tail is in excellent agreement with predictions of kinetic theory over a wide range of system parameters. We conclude that driving by rare but powerful energy injection leads to a well-mixed gas and constitutes an alternative mechanism for agitating granular matter. In this distinct nonequilibrium steady-state, energy cascades from large to small scales. Our simulations also show that when the injection rate is comparable with the collision rate, the velocity distribution has a stretched exponential tail.

W. Kang; J. Machta; E. Ben-Naim

2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Formula Hybrid International Competition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

challenge. We are delighted that they are directing their ingenuity and creativity to advancing hybrid with a traditional combustion engine into a hybrid vehicle, overcoming numerous technical challenges along the way of the hybrid gasoline engine, there are more components to a hybrid drivetrain, including the electric motor

Carver, Jeffrey C.

242

Scenario analysis of hybrid class 3-7 heavy vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The effects of hybridization on heavy-duty vehicles are not well understood. Heavy vehicles represent a broader range of applications than light-duty vehicles, resulting in a wide variety of chassis and engine combinations, as well as diverse driving conditions. Thus, the strategies, incremental costs, and energy/emission benefits associated with hybridizing heavy vehicles could differ significantly from those for passenger cars. Using a modal energy and emissions model, they quantify the potential energy savings of hybridizing commercial Class 3-7 heavy vehicles, analyze hybrid configuration scenarios, and estimate the associated investment cost and payback time. From the analysis, they conclude that (1) hybridization can significantly reduce energy consumption of Class 3-7 heavy vehicles under urban driving conditions; (2) the grid-independent, conventional vehicle (CV)-like hybrid is more cost-effective than the grid-dependent, electric vehicle (EV)-like hybrid, and the parallel configuration is more cost-effective than the series configuration; (3) for CV-like hybridization, the on-board engine can be significantly downsized, with a gasoline or diesel engine used for SUVs perhaps being a good candidate for an on-board engine; (4) over the long term, the incremental cost of a CV-like, parallel-configured Class 3-4 hybrid heavy vehicle is about %5,800 in the year 2005 and $3,000 in 2020, while for a Class 6-7 truck, it is about $7,100 in 2005 and $3,300 in 2020; and (5) investment payback time, which depends on the specific type and application of the vehicle, averages about 6 years under urban driving conditions in 2005 and 2--3 years in 2020.

An, F.; Stodolsky, F.; Vyas, A.; Cuenca, R.; Eberhardt, J. J.

1999-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

243

#LabChat Recap: Innovations Driving More Efficient Vehicles | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovations Driving More Efficient Vehicles Innovations Driving More Efficient Vehicles #LabChat Recap: Innovations Driving More Efficient Vehicles December 21, 2012 - 10:47am Addthis Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs #LabChat Recap: Innovations Driving More Efficient Vehicles The #LabChat on Dec. 13 sparked an engaging discussion about technologies that are improving vehicle fuel economy. Three researchers answered questions about advanced combustion, lightweighting and hybridization. Here is an overview of some of the conversations. Storified by Energy Department · Fri, Dec 21 2012 08:19:22 We kicked off the #LabChat with introductions from all the researchers. Each researcher focuses on a different vehicle technology that is expected to make great strides in improving vehicle

244

BNL Blood Drives: Iron-rich foods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BNL Blood Drives: Iron-Rich Foods Blood Drive Home Seafood: Fish (cod, sardines, tuna, clams, oysters, shrimp) Poultry: Chicken, eggs, yolk Lean Red Meats: Beef, lamb, veal, pork,...

245

Development of Integrated Motor Assist Hybrid System: Development of the 'Insight', a Personal Hybrid Coupe  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents the technical approach used to design and develop the powerplant for the Honda Insight, a new motor assist hybrid vehicle with an overall development objective of just half the fuel consumption of the current Civic over a wide range of driving conditions. Fuel consumption of 35km/L (Japanese 10-15 mode), and 3.4L/100km (98/69/EC) was realized. To achieve this, a new Integrated Motor Assist (IMA) hybrid power plant system was developed, incorporating many new technologies for packaging and integrating the motor assist system and for improving engine thermal efficiency. This was developed in combination with a new lightweight aluminum body with low aerodynamic resistance. Environmental performance goals also included the simultaneous achievement of low emissions (half the Japanese year 2000 standards, and half the EU2000 standards), high efficiency, and recyclability. Full consideration was also given to key consumer attributes, including crash safety performance, handling, and driving performance.

Kaoru Aoki; Shigetaka Kuroda; Shigemasa Kajiwara; Hiromitsu Sato; Yoshio Yamamoto

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

246

English Units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

English Units. A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J. 1, Steam Point Calculator: English Units, ... 6, Height of steam point apparatus above ground (ft.), 0, ft. ...

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

247

Unit Conversions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... volume flow units, which contain "atm", assume that the gas is: ideal; at a pressure of 101325 Pa; at a temperature of 0 °C. Be aware that the unit "atm ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

248

Hybrid Control of a Truck and Trailer Vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hybrid control scheme is proposed for the stabilization of backward driving along simple paths for a miniature vehicle composed of a truck and a two-axle trailer. When reversing, the truck and trailer can be modelled as an unstable nonlinear system ...

Claudio Altafini; Alberto Speranzon; Karl Henrik Johansson

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Hybrid checkpointing using emerging nonvolatile memories for future exascale systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scalability of future Massively Parallel Processing (MPP) systems is being severely challenged by high failure rates. Current centralized Hard Disk Drive (HDD) checkpointing results in overhead of 25% or more at petascale. Since systems become ... Keywords: Checkpoint, background checkpoint, checkpoint prototype, exascale, hybrid checkpoint, in-disk checkpoint, in-memory checkpoint, incremental checkpoint, optimum checkpoint model, petascale, phase-change memory

Xiangyu Dong; Yuan Xie; Naveen Muralimanohar; Norman P. Jouppi

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Hybrid Electric Vehicle with Permanent Magnet Traction Motor: A Simulation Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simulation model for a hybrid electric vehicle is developed. Permanent magnet synchronous motor is considered for the drive part of the hybrid electric vehicle which comprises three energy sources: (i) a fuel cell, (ii) a battery bank, and (iii) a super capacitor. Rotor-oriented speed controller is designed, and also verified by simulation results, to achieve trajectory tracking requirements of the hybrid electric vehicle within the inverter voltage and current limits.

Levent U. Gökdere; Khalid Benlyazid; Enrico; Enrico Santi; Charles W. Brice; Roger A. Dougal

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Drive Cycle Analysis, Measurement of Emissions and Fuel Consumption of a PHEV School Bus: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) collected and analyzed real-world school bus drive cycle data and selected similar standard drive cycles for testing on a chassis dynamometer. NREL tested a first-generation plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) school bus equipped with a 6.4L engine and an Enova PHEV drive system comprising a 25-kW/80 kW (continuous/peak) motor and a 370-volt lithium ion battery pack. A Bluebird 7.2L conventional school bus was also tested. Both vehicles were tested over three different drive cycles to capture a range of driving activity. PHEV fuel savings in charge-depleting (CD) mode ranged from slightly more than 30% to a little over 50%. However, the larger fuel savings lasted over a shorter driving distance, as the fully charged PHEV school bus would initially operate in CD mode for some distance, then in a transitional mode, and finally in a charge-sustaining (CS) mode for continued driving. The test results indicate that a PHEV school bus can achieve significant fuel savings during CD operation relative to a conventional bus. In CS mode, the tested bus showed small fuel savings and somewhat higher nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions than the baseline comparison bus.

Barnitt, R.; Gonder, J.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Energy Department Announces $19 Million to Drive Down Solar Soft Costs,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 Million to Drive Down Solar Soft 9 Million to Drive Down Solar Soft Costs, Increase Hardware Efficiency Energy Department Announces $19 Million to Drive Down Solar Soft Costs, Increase Hardware Efficiency November 20, 2013 - 2:17pm Addthis In support of the Obama Administration's effort to advance our clean energy economy and support American innovation, the Energy Department today announced $19 million to reduce both hardware and non-hardware costs of solar and to drive greater solar energy deployment in the United States. This funding builds on the Energy Department's broader SunShot Initiative investments that are driving down the cost of solar and making solar affordable for more American families and companies. Since the beginning of 2010, the price of a solar electric system has dropped by more than 70%.

253

Energy Department Announces $19 Million to Drive Down Solar Soft Costs,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Announces $19 Million to Drive Down Solar Soft Energy Department Announces $19 Million to Drive Down Solar Soft Costs, Increase Hardware Efficiency Energy Department Announces $19 Million to Drive Down Solar Soft Costs, Increase Hardware Efficiency November 20, 2013 - 2:17pm Addthis In support of the Obama Administration's effort to advance our clean energy economy and support American innovation, the Energy Department today announced $19 million to reduce both hardware and non-hardware costs of solar and to drive greater solar energy deployment in the United States. This funding builds on the Energy Department's broader SunShot Initiative investments that are driving down the cost of solar and making solar affordable for more American families and companies. Since the beginning of 2010, the price of a solar electric system has dropped by more than 70%.

254

Electric and Hybrid Vehicle System Research and Development Project: Hybrid Vehicle Potential Assessment. Volume VI. Cost analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the cost analysis is to determine the economic feasibility of a variety of hybrid vehicles with respect to conventional vehicles specifically designed for the same duty cycle defined by the mission analysis. Several different hybrid configurations including parallel, parallel-flywheel, and series vehicles were evaluated. The ramifications of incorporating examples of advanced batteries, these being the advanced lead-acid, nickel-zinc, and sodium sulfur were also investigated. Vehicles were specifically designed with these batteries and for the driving cycles specified by the mission. Simulated operation on the missions yielded the energy consumption (petroleum and/or electricity) over the driving cycles. It was concluded that: in the event that gasoline prices reach $2.50 to $3.00/gal, hybrid vehicles in many applications will become economically competitive with conventional vehicles without subsidization; in some commercial applications hybrid vehicles could be economically competitive, when the gasoline price ranges from $1.20 to $1.50/gal. The cost per kWh per cycle of the advanced batteries is much more important economically than the specific energy; the series hybrid vehicles were found to be more expensive in comparison to the parallel or parallel-flywheel hybrids when designed as passenger vehicles; and hybrid vehicles designed for private use could become economically competitive and displace up to 50% of the fuel normally used on that mission if subsidies of $500 to $2000 were supplied to the owner/operator. (LCL)

Hardy, K.S.

1979-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

255

Small Businesses Helping Drive Economy: Clean Energy, Clean Sites...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Businesses Helping Drive Economy: Clean Energy, Clean Sites Small Businesses Helping Drive Economy: Clean Energy, Clean Sites A memo on small businesses helping drive the...

256

Condensing Hybrid Water Heater Monitoring Field Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the Mascot home, an abandoned property that was extensively renovated. Several efficiency upgrades were integrated into this home, of particular interest, a unique water heater (a Navien CR240-A). Field monitoring was performed to determine the in-use efficiency of the hybrid condensing water heater. The results were compared to the unit's rated efficiency. This unit is Energy Star qualified and one of the most efficient gas water heaters currently available on the market.

Maguire, J.; Earle, L.; Booten, C.; Hancock, C. E.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Towards dense linear algebra for hybrid GPU accelerated manycore systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We highlight the trends leading to the increased appeal of using hybrid multicore+GPU systems for high performance computing. We present a set of techniques that can be used to develop efficient dense linear algebra algorithms for these systems. We illustrate ... Keywords: Dense linear algebra, Graphics processing units, Hybrid computing, Multicore processors, Parallel algorithms

Stanimire Tomov; Jack Dongarra; Marc Baboulin

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

ANALYSIS OF CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLE HYBRID POWERTRAINS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Ecological and socioeconomic factors determine high interest in the development of pollution-free vehicles. At present use of electro-vehicles is suppressed by a number of technological factors. Vehicles with alternative powertrains are transitional stage between development of pollution-free vehicles and vehicles with conventional internal combustion engine. According to these aspects the investigation on conventional hybrid drives and their control systems is carried out in the article. The equations that allow evaluating effectiveness of regenerative braking for different variants of hybrid drive are given. The AMESim software is used as the modeling environment, in which models of hybrid vehicles are developed and the results of virtual simulation are analyzed. Also a number of recommendations for increasing of regenerative braking effectiveness are given.

Siarhei Kliauzovich

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Integrated Testing, Simulation and Analysis of Electric Drive Options for Medium-Duty Parcel Delivery Vehicles: Preprint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory verified diesel-conventional and diesel-hybrid parcel delivery vehicle models to evaluate petroleum reduction and cost implications of plug-in hybrid gasoline and diesel variants. These variants are run on a field-data-derived design matrix to analyze the effects of drive cycle, distance, battery replacements, battery capacity, and motor power on fuel consumption and lifetime cost. Two cost scenarios using fuel prices corresponding to forecasted highs for 2011 and 2030 and battery costs per kilowatt-hour representing current and long-term targets compare plug-in hybrid lifetime costs with diesel conventional lifetime costs. Under a future cost scenario of $100/kWh battery energy and $5/gal fuel, plug-in hybrids are cost effective. Assuming a current cost of $700/kWh and $3/gal fuel, they rarely recoup the additional motor and battery cost. The results highlight the importance of understanding the application's drive cycle, daily driving distance, and kinetic intensity. For instances in the current-cost scenario where the additional plug-in hybrid cost is regained in fuel savings, the combination of kinetic intensity and daily distance travelled does not coincide with the usage patterns observed in the field data. If the usage patterns were adjusted, the hybrids could become cost effective.

Ramroth, L. A.; Gonder, J.; Brooker, A.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Fishbone-like internal kink instability driven by supra-thermal electrons on FTU generated by lower hybrid radiofrequency power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hybrid current drive (LHCD) is of strong interest for the burning plasma research, as the trapped heating (ECRH) is of strong interest for the burning plasma research. The charged fusion product effects

Zonca, Fulvio

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Mesoscale hybrid calibration artifact  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mesoscale calibration artifact, also called a hybrid artifact, suitable for hybrid dimensional measurement and the method for make the artifact. The hybrid artifact has structural characteristics that make it suitable for dimensional measurement in both vision-based systems and touch-probe-based systems. The hybrid artifact employs the intersection of bulk-micromachined planes to fabricate edges that are sharp to the nanometer level and intersecting planes with crystal-lattice-defined angles.

Tran, Hy D. (Albuquerque, NM); Claudet, Andre A. (Albuquerque, NM); Oliver, Andrew D. (Waltham, MA)

2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

262

Hybrid armature projectile  

SciTech Connect

A projectile for a railgun that uses a hybrid armature and provides a seed block around part of the outer surface of the projectile to seed the hybrid plasma brush. In addition, the hybrid armature is continuously vaporized to replenish plasma in a plasma armature to provide a tandem armature and provides a unique ridge and groove to reduce plasama blowby.

Hawke, Ronald S. (Livermore, CA); Asay, James R. (Los Lunas, NM); Hall, Clint A. (Albuquerque, NM); Konrad, Carl H. (Albuquerque, NM); Sauve, Gerald L. (Berthoud, CO); Shahinpoor, Mohsen (Albuquerque, NM); Susoeff, Allan R. (Pleasanton, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

DOE Drives Big Data Push  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Volume 9 Issue 2 2 Volume 9 Issue 2 From YAGS to Planetary Biology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 DOE Drives Big Data Push . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Sweating Small Scale Genomics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 The Future of the DOE JGI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Save the Date for Meeting 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 also in this issue With a record 488 genomics researchers and bioinformaticians sitting in the Marriott Walnut Creek ballroom, New York Times science writer Carl Zimmer opened the DOE Joint Genome Institute's 7th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 20, 2012. Sharing his thoughts about being "On the Genome Beat," he informed the audience that he was worn down by seeing news about scientists successfully sequencing yet another genome sequence, and that "maybe some genomes shouldn't be written about." Zimmer's words engaged the audience in a discussion that

264

Current Drive in Recombining Plasma  

SciTech Connect

The Langevin equations describing the average collisional dynamics of suprathermal particles in nonstationary plasma remarkably admit an exact analytical solution in the case of recombining plasma. The current density produced by arbitrary particle fluxes is derived including the effect of charge recombination. Since recombination has the effect of lowering the charge density of the plasma, thus reducing the charged particle collisional frequencies, the evolution of the current density can be modified substantially compared to plasma with fixed charge density. The current drive efficiency is derived and optimized for discrete and continuous pulses of current, leading to the discovery of a nonzero "residual" current density that persists indefinitely under certain conditions, a feature not present in stationary plasmas.

P.F. Schmit and N.J. Fisch

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

265

Current drive in recombining plasma  

SciTech Connect

The Langevin equations describing the average collisional dynamics of suprathermal particles in nonstationary plasma remarkably admit an exact analytical solution in the case of recombining plasma. The current density produced by arbitrary particle fluxes is derived including the influence of charge recombination. Since recombination has the effect of lowering the charge density of the plasma, thus reducing the charged particle collisional frequencies, the evolution of the current density can be modified substantially compared to plasma with fixed charge density. The current drive efficiency is derived and optimized for discrete and continuous pulses of current, leading to the discovery of a nonzero ''residual'' current density that persists indefinitely under certain conditions, a feature not present in stationary plasmas.

Schmit, P. F.; Fisch, N. J. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

266

Fuel and emission impacts of heavy hybrid vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hybrid powertrains for certain heavy vehicles may improve fuel economy and reduce emissions. Of particular interest are commercial vehicles, typically in Classes 3-6, that travel in urban areas. Hybrid strategies and associated energy/emissions benefits for these classes of vehicles could be significantly different from those for passenger cars. A preliminary analysis has been conducted to investigate the energy and emissions performance of Class 3 and 6 medium-duty trucks and Class 6 school buses under eight different test cycles. Three elements are associated with this analysis: (1) establish baseline fuel consumption and emission scenario's from selected, representative baseline vehicles and driving schedules; (2) identify sources of energy inefficiency from baseline technology vehicles; and (3) assess maximum and practical potentials for energy savings and emissions reductions associated with heavy vehicle hybridization under real-world driving conditions. Our analysis excludes efficiency gains associated with such other measures as vehicle weight reduction and air resistance reduction, because such measures would also benefit conventional technology vehicles. Our research indicates that fuel economy and emission benefits of hybridization can be very sensitive to different test cycles. We conclude that, on the basis of present-day technology, the potential fuel economy gains average about 60-75% for Class 3 medium-duty trucks and 35% for Class 6 school buses. The fuel economy gains can be higher in the future, as hybrid technology continues to improve. The practical emissions reduction potentials associated with vehicle hybridization are significant as well.

An, F.; Eberhardt, J. J.; Stodolsky, F.

1999-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

267

Vehicle Technologies Office: U.S. DRIVE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S. DRIVE U.S. DRIVE Logo for U.S. DRIVE - Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle efficiency and Energy sustainability. U.S. DRIVE stands for Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle efficiency and Energy sustainability. It is a non-binding and voluntary government-industry partnership focused on advanced automotive and related infrastructure technology research and development (R&D). Specifically, the Partnership is a forum for pre-competitive technical information exchange among partners to discuss R&D needs, develop joint goals and technology roadmaps, and evaluate R&D progress for a broad range of technical areas. By providing a framework for frequent and regular interaction among technical experts in a common area of expertise, the Partnership -

268

Electric vehicle drive train with contactor protection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A drive train for an electric vehicle includes a traction battery, a power drive circuit, a main contactor for connecting and disconnecting the traction battery and the power drive circuit, a voltage detector across contacts of the main contactor, and a controller for controlling the main contactor to prevent movement of its contacts to the closed position when the voltage across the contacts exceeds a predetermined threshold, to thereby protect the contacts of the contactor. The power drive circuit includes an electric traction motor and a DC-to-AC inverter with a capacitive input filter. The controller also inhibits the power drive circuit from driving the motor and thereby discharging the input capacitor if the contacts are inadvertently opened during motoring. A precharging contactor is controlled to charge the input filter capacitor prior to closing the main contactor to further protect the contacts of the main contactor. 3 figures.

Konrad, C.E.; Benson, R.A.

1994-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

269

Electric vehicle drive train with contactor protection  

SciTech Connect

A drive train for an electric vehicle includes a traction battery, a power drive circuit, a main contactor for connecting and disconnecting the traction battery and the power drive circuit, a voltage detector across contacts of the main contactor, and a controller for controlling the main contactor to prevent movement of its contacts to the closed position when the voltage across the contacts exceeds a predetermined threshold, to thereby protect the contacts of the contactor. The power drive circuit includes an electric traction motor and a DC-to-AC inverter with a capacitive input filter. The controller also inhibits the power drive circuit from driving the motor and thereby discharging the input capacitor if the contacts are inadvertently opened during motoring. A precharging contactor is controlled to charge the input filter capacitor prior to closing the main contactor to further protect the contacts of the main contactor.

Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA); Benson, Ralph A. (Roanoke, VA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Fuel Economy and Passenger Experience  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Fuel Economy and Passenger Experience Background The standard, 40-foot diesel- powered transit bus is noisy, consumes a gallon of fuel for every three miles it travels, weighs 28,000 pounds, and contributes significantly to ur- ban air pollution. While hybrid electric buses do exist, they are very expensive, and typi- cally get just four miles to the gallon. Autokinetics and the Department of Energy Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program saw sig- nificant room for improvement in hybrid electric buses-in terms of weight and noise reduction, better fuel economy, lower cost, and rider percep- tion-using lightweight body

271

The hydrogen hybrid option  

SciTech Connect

The energy efficiency of various piston engine options for series hybrid automobiles are compared with conventional, battery powered electric, and proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell hybrid automobiles. Gasoline, compressed natural gas (CNG), and hydrogen are considered for these hybrids. The engine and fuel comparisons are done on a basis of equal vehicle weight, drag, and rolling resistance. The relative emissions of these various fueled vehicle options are also presented. It is concluded that a highly optimized, hydrogen fueled, piston engine, series electric hybrid automobile will have efficiency comparable to a similar fuel cell hybrid automobile and will have fewer total emissions than the battery powered vehicle, even without a catalyst.

Smith, J.R.

1993-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

Marketing & Driving Demand: Social Media Tools & Strategies ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marketing & Driving Demand: Social Media Tools & Strategies January 16, 2011 Maryanne Fuller (MF): Hi there. This is Maryanne Fuller from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory....

273

Electric Drive Vehicles and Their Infrastructure Issues  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Clean Cities Webinar - Electric Drive Vehicles and Their Infrastructure Issues (March 2010) Jim Francfort and Don Karner Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity March 24, 2010 This...

274

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy, vol. 35, 2007.Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMyou think about fuel economy? ” Rather, we listened closely

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy, vol. 35, 2007.Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMyou think about fuel economy? ” Rather, we listened closely

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Wind Turbine Design Innovations Drive Industry Transformation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Turbine Design Innovations Drive Industry Transformation For more than 20 years, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has helped GE and its predecessors achieve...

277

High-megawatt Electric Drive Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Page 2. © ABB BU Machines April 10, 2009 | Slide 2 High-megawatt Electric Drive Motors ... motor concept ... A selection of compressor motors >30MW. ...

2012-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

278

Commercial viability of hybrid vehicles : best household use and cross national considerations.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Japanese automakers have introduced hybrid passenger cars in Japan and will soon do so in the US. In this paper, we report how we used early computer simulation model results to compare the commercial viability of a hypothetical near-term (next decade) hybrid mid-size passenger car configuration under varying fuel price and driving patterns. The fuel prices and driving patterns evaluated are designed to span likely values for major OECD nations. Two types of models are used. One allows the ''design'' of a hybrid to a specified set of performance requirements and the prediction of fuel economy under a number of possible driving patterns (called driving cycles). Another provides an estimate of the incremental cost of the hybrid in comparison to a comparably performing conventional vehicle. In this paper, the models are applied to predict the NPV cost of conventional gasoline-fueled vehicles vs. parallel hybrid vehicles. The parallel hybrids are assumed to (1) be produced at high volume, (2) use nickel metal hydride battery packs, and (3) have high-strength steel bodies. The conventional vehicle also is assumed to have a high-strength steel body. The simulated vehicles are held constant in many respects, including 0-60 time, engine type, aerodynamic drag coefficient, tire rolling resistance, and frontal area. The hybrids analyzed use the minimum size battery pack and motor to meet specified 0-60 times. A key characteristic affecting commercial viability is noted and quantified: that hybrids achieve the most pronounced fuel economy increase (best use) in slow, average-speed, stop-and-go driving, but when households consistently drive these vehicles under these conditions, they tend to travel fewer miles than average vehicles. We find that hours driven is a more valuable measure than miles. Estimates are developed concerning hours of use of household vehicles versus driving cycle, and the pattern of minimum NPV incremental cost (or benefit) of selecting the hybrid over the conventional vehicle at various fuel prices is illustrated. These results are based on data from various OECD motions on fuel price, annual miles of travel per vehicle, and driving cycles assumed to be applicable in those nations. Scatter in results plotted as a function of average speed, related to details of driving cycles and the vehicles selected for analysis, is discussed.

Santini, D. J.; Vyas, A. D.

1999-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

279

How Hybrids Work  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How Hybrids Work How Hybrids Work Diagram of full hybrid vehicle components, including (1) an internal combustion engine, (2) an electric motor, (3) a generator, (4) a power split device, and (5) a high-capacity battery. Flash Animation: How Hybrids Work (Requires Flash 6.0 or higher) HTML Version: How Hybrids Work Hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of gasoline engines and electric motors and can be configured to obtain different objectives, such as improved fuel economy, increased power, or additional auxiliary power for electronic devices and power tools. Some of the advanced technologies typically used by hybrids include Regenerative Braking. The electric motor applies resistance to the drivetrain causing the wheels to slow down. In return, the energy from the

280

Third Annual DOE/U.N. Hybrid Conference and Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Third Annual DOE/U.N. Hybrid Conference and Workshop Third Annual DOE/U.N. Hybrid Conference and Workshop May 13-15, 2003 Table of Contents Disclaimer Papers and Presentations Welcome and Introduction Keynote Addresses Session I - Test Results from Sub-MW Hybrids Session II - Hybrid System Studies Session III - Renewable Hybrid Systems Session IV - Hybrid Component Studies Session V - Hybrid Evolution and Deployment Session VI - Market Applications Results from Workshop Break Out Groups [PDF-36KB] Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government or any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Integrated Vehicle Thermal Management - Combining Fluid Loops in Electric Drive Vehicles (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and electric vehicles have increased vehicle thermal management complexity, using separate coolant loop for advanced power electronics and electric motors. Additional thermal components result in higher costs. Multiple cooling loops lead to reduced range due to increased weight. Energy is required to meet thermal requirements. This presentation for the 2013 Annual Merit Review discusses integrated vehicle thermal management by combining fluid loops in electric drive vehicles.

Rugh, J. P.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Close Look at Hybrid Vehicle Loyalty and Ownership  

SciTech Connect

In a news release dated April 9, 2012, Polk stated that only 35% of hybrid owners bought a hybrid again when they returned to market in 2011. These findings were based on an internal study conducted by Polk. The study also indicated that if repurchase behavior among the high volume audience of Toyota Prius owners wasn t factored in; hybrid loyalty would drop to under 25%. This news release has generated a lot of interest and concern by the automobile industry as well as consumers, since it was published, and caused many to think about the idea of hybrid loyalty as well as factors that influence consumers. Most reactions to the 35% hybrid loyalty dealt with concerns of the viability of hybrid technology as part of the solution to address transportation energy challenges. This paper attempts to shed more light on Polk s hybrid loyalty study as well as explore several information sources concerning hybrid loyalty status. Specifically, major factors that might impact the selection and acquisition of hybrid vehicles are addressed. This includes investigating the associations between hybrid market shares and influencing factors like fuel price and hybrid incentives, as well as the availability of hybrid models and other highly fuel efficient vehicle options. This effort is not in-depth study, but rather a short study to see if Polk s claim could be validated. This study reveals that Polk s claim was rather misleading because its definition of loyalty was very narrow. This paper also suggests that Polk s analysis failed to account for some very important factors, raising the question of whether it is fair to compare a vehicle drive train option (which hybrids are) with a vehicle brand in terms of loyalty and also raises the question of whether hybrid loyalty is even a valid point to consider. This report maintains that Polk s study does not prove that hybrid owners were dissatisfied with their vehicles, which was a common theme among reporting news agencies when Polk initially released their findings. In this brief review, the team has looked at factors that might contribute to a consumer choosing to not purchase a hybrid; including the increase in manufacture s overall vehicle mpg and the percentage of the vehicle market owned by hybrids.

Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL; Chin, Shih-Miao [ORNL; Wilson, Daniel W [ORNL; Oliveira Neto, Francisco Moraes [ORNL; Taylor, Rob D [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

A B S T R AC T Starting with Houtkoop and Mazeland's (1985) study of discourse units, and touching upon recent studies aimed at detailing unit projection in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A B S T R AC T Starting with Houtkoop and Mazeland's (1985) study of discourse units, and touching upon recent studies aimed at detailing unit projection in interaction, this article argues that the drive toward abstract and discrete models for units and unit projection is potentially misleading. While

Sheridan, Jennifer

284

Autonomous induction generator/rectifier as regulated DC power supply for hybrid renewable energy systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present article deals with the wind power-generating unit of a Hybrid Photovoltaic-Wind Renewable Energy System (HPVWRES). The dynamic flux model of the self-excited induction generator used in the wind power-generating unit is given. This model, ... Keywords: experimental investigation, hybrid, induction generator, modeling, rectifier, regulation, renewable Energy

A. Nesba; R. Ibtiouen; S. Mekhtoub; O. Touhami; N. Takorabet

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Optimal Energy Management for a Hybrid Energy Storage System for Electric Vehicles Based on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

}@lea.uni-paderborn.de Abstract--For electric and hybrid electric cars, commonly nickel-metal hydride and lithium-ion batteries. The BMW Mini-E is an all electric powered car field-tested in the United States, United KingdomOptimal Energy Management for a Hybrid Energy Storage System for Electric Vehicles Based

Noé, Reinhold

286

An Inverter Packaging Scheme for an Integrated Segmented Traction Drive System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The standard voltage source inverter (VSI), widely used in electric vehicle/hybrid electric vehicle (EV/HEV) traction drives, requires a bulky dc bus capacitor to absorb the large switching ripple currents and prevent them from shortening the battery s life. The dc bus capacitor presents a significant barrier to meeting inverter cost, volume, and weight requirements for mass production of affordable EVs/HEVs. The large ripple currents become even more problematic for the film capacitors (the capacitor technology of choice for EVs/HEVs) in high temperature environments as their ripple current handling capability decreases rapidly with rising temperatures. It is shown in previous work that segmenting the VSI based traction drive system can significantly decrease the ripple currents and thus the size of the dc bus capacitor. This paper presents an integrated packaging scheme to reduce the system cost of a segmented traction drive.

Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL; Tang, Lixin [ORNL; Ayers, Curtis William [ORNL; Wiles, Randy H [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

In-Use Performance Comparison of Hybrid Electric, CNG, and Diesel Buses at New York City Transit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) evaluated the performance of diesel, compressed natural gas (CNG), and hybrid electric (equipped with BAE Systems? HybriDrive propulsion system) transit buses at New York City Transit (NYCT). CNG, Gen I and Gen II hybrid electric propulsion systems were compared on fuel economy, maintenance and operating costs per mile, and reliability.

Barnitt, R. A.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Metric Units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J. 1, Steam Point Calculator: Metric Units, Elevation Converter, ... 6, Height of steam point apparatus above ground (m), 0, m, ...

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

289

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

- I - I United States Department of Energy D lSCk Al M E R "This book was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency

290

The Patriot's hybrid-electric drivetrain  

SciTech Connect

Hybrid powertrain concepts are not new. Sailing ships carried auxiliary steam power on trans-Atlantic trips in the 19th Century. The 1917 Woods dual power'' automobile had a small internal combustion engine and supplementary electric drive featuring regenerative braking. But hybrid automobiles have not been successful in the automotive marketplace. For such vehicles to be successful, Chrysler officials believe a hybrid powertrain must be designed for the specific duty cycle of the vehicle; the vehicle-performance compromise must be acceptable to the customer; component efficiency and durability will have to be improved; and major component cost reductions will be required. This article describes how Chrysler is using a road-racing vehicle in the development of hybrid powertrains.

Jost, K.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

UCDavis University of California Learning By Driving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% 29% 0% 2% 10% 37% 39% 71% Solar Wind Hydro Nuclear Natural Gas Coal The electricity for charging fun with it. "I love the regenerative braking. In fact, I miss it when I drive my other cars." ­ Household 8 "It is like driving a slot car. It is exciting; it is as much fun as accelerating" ­ Survey

California at Davis, University of

292

Electric top drives gain wide industry acceptance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since its introduction, the top drive drilling system has gained acceptance as a productive and safe method for drilling oil and gas wells. Originally, the system was used mostly for offshore and higher cost land drilling, and it had to be installed as a permanent installation because of its enormous weight and size. Essentially, a top drive replaces the kelly and rotary table as the means of rotating drillpipe on oil, gas and geothermal rigs and is considered to be 15% to 40% more efficient than a kelly drive. Top drive systems allow the operator to drill and maintain directional orientation for triple stands and provide tripping efficiency because of the ability to ream and circulate with triple stands, to reduce the risk of stuck pipe or lost wells, and to improve well control and pipe handling safety. The paper describes electric top drives with DC motors, top drives with AC motors, top drives with permanent magnet motors, and top drives with permanent magnet brushless synchronous motors.

Riahi, M.L.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

DRIVE Analysis Tool Generates Custom Vehicle Drive Cycles Based on Real-World Data (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory describes the Drive-Cycle Rapid Investigation, Visualization, and Evaluation (DRIVE) analysis tool, which uses GPS and controller area network data to characterize vehicle operation and produce custom vehicle drive cycles, analyzing thousands of hours of data in a matter of minutes.

Not Available

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Battery Electric Vehicle Driving and Charging Behavior Observed Early in The EV Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As concern about society's dependence on petroleum-based transportation fuels increases, many see plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) as enablers to diversifying transportation energy sources. These vehicles, which include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), range-extended electric vehicles (EREV), and battery electric vehicles (BEV), draw some or all of their power from electricity stored in batteries, which are charged by the electric grid. In order for PEVs to be accepted by the mass market, electric charging infrastructure must also be deployed. Charging infrastructure must be safe, convenient, and financially sustainable. Additionally, electric utilities must be able to manage PEV charging demand on the electric grid. In the Fall of 2009, a large scale PEV infrastructure demonstration was launched to deploy an unprecedented number of PEVs and charging infrastructure. This demonstration, called The EV Project, is led by Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (eTec) and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. eTec is partnering with Nissan North America to deploy up to 4,700 Nissan Leaf BEVs and 11,210 charging units in five market areas in Arizona, California, Oregon, Tennessee, and Washington. With the assistance of the Idaho National Laboratory, eTec will collect and analyze data to characterize vehicle consumer driving and charging behavior, evaluate the effectiveness of charging infrastructure, and understand the impact of PEV charging on the electric grid. Trials of various revenue systems for commercial and public charging infrastructure will also be conducted. The ultimate goal of The EV Project is to capture lessons learned to enable the mass deployment of PEVs. This paper is the first in a series of papers documenting the progress and findings of The EV Project. This paper describes key research objectives of The EV Project and establishes the project background, including lessons learned from previous infrastructure deployment and PEV demonstrations. One such previous study was a PHEV demonstration conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), led by the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). AVTA's PHEV demonstration involved over 250 vehicles in the United States, Canada, and Finland. This paper summarizes driving and charging behavior observed in that demonstration, including the distribution of distance driven between charging events, charging frequency, and resulting proportion of operation charge depleting mode. Charging demand relative to time of day and day of the week will also be shown. Conclusions from the PHEV demonstration will be given which highlight the need for expanded analysis in The EV Project. For example, the AVTA PHEV demonstration showed that in the absence of controlled charging by the vehicle owner or electric utility, the majority of vehicles were charged in the evening hours, coincident with typical utility peak demand. Given this baseline, The EV Project will demonstrate the effects of consumer charge control and grid-side charge management on electricity demand. This paper will outline further analyses which will be performed by eTec and INL to documenting driving and charging behavior of vehicles operated in a infrastructure-rich environment.

John Smart; Stephen Schey

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Gas Mileage Tips - Driving More Efficiently  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving More Efficiently Driving More Efficiently Personalize Fuel Prices Select the fuel type and enter your fuel price to personalize savings estimates. Regular Midgrade Premium Diesel E85 CNG LPG $ 3.33 /gal Save My Prices Use Default Prices Click "Save My Prices" to apply your prices to other pages, or click "Use Default Prices" use national average prices. Drive Sensibly frustrated driver Aggressive driving (speeding, rapid acceleration and braking) wastes gas. It can lower your gas mileage by 33% at highway speeds and by 5% around town. Sensible driving is also safer for you and others, so you may save more than gas money. Fuel Economy Benefit: 5%-33% Equivalent Gasoline Savings: $0.17-$1.10/gallon Observe the Speed Limit (New Information) Graph showing MPG decreases rapidly at speeds above 50 mph

296

Electrifying Your Drive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrifying Your Drive Electrifying Your Drive Electrifying Your Drive April 27, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program For anyone who grew up watching The Jetsons (or Back to the Future, depending on your generation), the "Car of the Future!" flew through the skies with the greatest of ease. Although most of us have given up on our hopes of a flying car, anything beyond the internal combustion engine has seemed hopelessly out of reach until recently. However, with several manufacturers planning on producing plug-in and all-electric vehicles, the Car of the Future will be available soon! But before you put down a deposit, it's helpful to understand the different types of electric drive technologies. The most basic form of electric drive

297

Electrifying Your Drive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrifying Your Drive Electrifying Your Drive Electrifying Your Drive April 27, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program For anyone who grew up watching The Jetsons (or Back to the Future, depending on your generation), the "Car of the Future!" flew through the skies with the greatest of ease. Although most of us have given up on our hopes of a flying car, anything beyond the internal combustion engine has seemed hopelessly out of reach until recently. However, with several manufacturers planning on producing plug-in and all-electric vehicles, the Car of the Future will be available soon! But before you put down a deposit, it's helpful to understand the different types of electric drive technologies. The most basic form of electric drive

298

Look to the Right, Kids: Five Solar/Wind Hybrids | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Look to the Right, Kids: Five Solar/Wind Hybrids Look to the Right, Kids: Five Solar/Wind Hybrids Look to the Right, Kids: Five Solar/Wind Hybrids September 1, 2010 - 2:16pm Addthis Genoa Township, Mich., installed five wind/solar hybrid units that will supply up to 20 percent of the township hall’s electrical needs. | Photo Courtesy of Genoa Township Genoa Township, Mich., installed five wind/solar hybrid units that will supply up to 20 percent of the township hall's electrical needs. | Photo Courtesy of Genoa Township Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What are the key facts? Genoa Township in Michigan uses Recovery Act funds to deploy wind-solar units. Five units to supply up to 20% of township hall's electricity. The highly visible Michigan-manufactured units were installed along

299

Modular PM Motor Drives for Automotive Traction Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents modular permanent magnet (PM) motor drives for automotive traction applications. A partially modularized drive system consisting of a single PM motor and multiple inverters is described. The motor has multiple three-phase stator winding sets and each winding set is driven with a separate three-phase inverter module. A truly modularized inverter and motor configuration based on an axial-gap PM motor is then introduced, in which identical PM motor modules are mounted on a common shaft and each motor module is powered by a separate inverter module. The advantages of the modular approach for both inverter and motor include: (1) power rating scalability--one design meets different power requirements by simply stacking an adequate number of modules, thus avoiding redesigning and reducing the development cost, (2) increased fault tolerance, and (3) easy repairing. A prototype was constructed by using two inverters and an axial-gap PM motor with two sets of three-phase stat or windings, and it is used to assist the diesel engine in a hybrid electric vehicle converted from a Chevrolet Suburban. The effect of different pulse-width-modulation strategies for both motoring and regenerative modes on current control is analyzed. Torque and regenerative control algorithms are implemented with a digital signal processor. Analytical and initial testing results are included in the paper.

Su, G.J.

2001-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

300

Hybrid Cooling Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water consumption by power plants has become an increasingly contentious siting issue. In nearly all fossil-fired and nuclear plants, water for plant cooling is by far the greatest water requirement. Therefore, the use of water-conserving cooling systems such as dry or hybrid cooling is receiving increasing attention. This technology overview from the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) provides a brief introduction to hybrid cooling systems. As defined in the report, the term "hybrid cooling" refer...

2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Effects of battery technologies, driving patterns, and climate comfort control on the performance of electric vehicles  

SciTech Connect

A computer software package, EAGLES, has been developed at Argonne National Laboratory to analyze electric vehicle (EV) performance. In this paper, we present EAGLES predictions of EV driving range, acceleration rate, and energy consumption under various driving patterns, with different battery technologies, and with assumptions concerning use of air conditioners and/or heaters for climate comfort control. The specifications of a baseline, four-passenger EV for given design performance requirements are established, assuming urban driving conditions represented by the Los Angeles 92 (LA-92) driving cycle and using battery characteristics similar to those of the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) midterm battery performance goals. To examine the impacts of driving patterns, energy consumption is simulated under three different driving cycles: the New York City Cycle, the Los Angeles 92 Cycle, and the ECE-15 Cycle. To test the impacts of battery technologies, performance attributes of an advanced lead-acid battery, the USABC midterm battery goals, and the USABC long-term battery goals are used. Finally, EV energy consumption from use of air conditioners and/or heaters under different climates is estimated and the associated driving range penalty for one European city (Paris) and two United States cities (Chicago and Los Angeles) is predicted. The results of this paper show the importance of considering various effects, such as battery technology, driving pattern, and climate comfort control, in the determination of EV performances. Electric vehicle energy consumption decreases more than 20% when a battery with characteristics similar to the USABC long-term goals is used instead of an advanced lead-acid battery.

Marr, W.W.; Wang, M.Q.; Santini, D.J.

1994-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

2011 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sonata Hybrid Test cell location 2WD Vehicle Setup Information Downloadable Dynamometer Database (D 3 )- Test Summary Sheet Vehicle architecture P2 HEV Vehicle Dynamometer Input...

303

Test des Systèmes hybrides.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Les systèmes hybrides, systèmes combinant à la fois une dynamique continue et discrète, s'avèrent être un modèle mathématique utile pour différents phénomènes physiques, technologiques, biologiques… (more)

Nahhal, Tarik

304

HYBRID2 -- A versatile model of the performance of hybrid power systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1993, the National Renewable Laboratory (NREL) made an assessment of the available tools from the United States and Europe for predicting the long-term performance of hybrid power systems. By hybrid power the authors mean combinations of two or more power sources wind turbines, photovoltaics (PV), diesel gensets, or other generators into integrated systems for electric power generation in remote locations. Their conclusion was that there was no single, user-friendly tool capable of modeling the full range of hybrid power technologies being considered for the 1990s and beyond. The existing tools were, in particular, lacking flexibility in system configuration and in dispatch of components. As a result, NREL developed a specification for a model, called HYBRID2, for making comparisons of competing technology options on a level playing field. This specification was prepared with a range of potential users in mind including not only the US Department of Energy (DOE) renewable energy programs, but also the US wind industry, technical consultants, international development institutions/banks, and rural electrification programs in developing countries. During 1994, NREL and subcontractor, the University of Massachusetts (UMass), began development of HYBRID2 with funding from the DOE Wind Energy Program. It builds on the wind/diesel model, HYBRID1, developed previously by UMass, and expands that model to accommodate the wider array of technologies used in hybrid power systems. This paper will provide an overview of the model`s features, functions, and status.

Green, H.J. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Manwell, J. [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

New & Upcoming Hybrid Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New & Upcoming Hybrids New & Upcoming Hybrids 2014 Model Year Vehicle EPA MPG Estimates Price (MSRP) Chevrolet Impala eAssist Large Car Chevrolet Impala eAssist Chart: City, 25; Highway, 35; Combined, 29 NA Infiniti Q50 Hybrid Compact Car Infiniti Q50 Hybrid Chart: City, 29; Highway, 36; Combined, 31 $43,950 Infiniti Q50 Hybrid AWD Compact Car Infiniti Q50 Hybrid AWD Chart: City, 28; Highway, 35; Combined, 30 $45,750 Infiniti Q50S Hybrid Compact Car Infiniti Q50S Hybrid Chart: City, 28; Highway, 34; Combined, 30 $46,350 Infiniti Q50S Hybrid AWD Compact Car Infiniti Q50S Hybrid AWD Chart: City, 27; Highway, 31; Combined, 28 $48,150 Infiniti QX60 Hybrid AWD Standard SUV Infiniti QX60 Hybrid AWD Chart: City, 25; Highway, 28; Combined, 26 NA Infiniti QX60 Hybrid FWD

306

Recent Analysis of UCAPs in Mild Hybrids (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents the analysis of ultracapacitors for mild/moderate hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) performance. The objectives of this report are to: (1) review the fuel economy improvement trends of today's HEVs with respect to degree of hybridization; (2) perform analysis to see the extent of fuel economy improvement possible with various strategies in mild/moderate HEVs, with no engine downsizing, using either batteries or ultracapacitors; (3) identify energy requirements of various driving events/functions--what matches a limited ucap's energy; and (4) discuss potential roles for high-voltage ultracapacitors in HEVs, if any.

Pesaran, A.; Gonder, J.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Efficient Driving Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Idle Reduction Parts & Equipment Maintenance Driving Behavior Management Strategies

308

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BP Energy Company BP Energy Company OE Docket No. EA- 3 14 Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Mexico Order No. EA-3 14 February 22,2007 BP Energy Company Order No. EA-314 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 301(b) and 402(Q of the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7 15 l(b), 7172(f)) and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C.S24a(e)) . On May 22,2006, BP Energy Company (BP Energy) applied to DOE for an authorization to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico as a power marketer. BP Energy proposes to purchase surplus electric energy from electric utilities and other suppliers within the United States and to export that energy to ~Mexico. The cnergy

309

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Office of Research and EPA 600/R-941209 Environmental Protection Development January 1993 Agency Washington, DC 20460 Offsite Environmental 57,,7 Monitoring Report Radiation Monitoring Around United States Nuclear Test Areas, Calendar Year 1992 UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING SYSTEMS LABORATORY-LAS VEGAS P.O. BOX 93478 LAS VEGAS. NEVADA 891 93-3478 702/798-2100 Dear Reader: Since 1954, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its predecessor the U.S, Public Health Service (PHs) has conducted radiological monitoring in the offsite areas around United States nuclear test areas. The primary objective of this monitoring has been the protection of the health and safety of

310

Control rod drive for reactor shutdown  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A means for rapidly shutting down or scramming a nuclear reactor, such as a liquid metal-cooled fast breeder reactor, and serves as a backup to the primary shutdown system. The control rod drive consists basically of an in-core assembly, a drive shaft and seal assembly, and a control drive mechanism. The control rod is driven into the core region of the reactor by gravity and hydraulic pressure forces supplied by the reactor coolant, thus assuring that common mode failures will not interfere with or prohibit scramming the reactor when necessary.

McKeehan, Ernest R. (Los Gatos, CA); Shawver, Bruce M. (San Jose, CA); Schiro, Donald J. (San Jose, CA); Taft, William E. (Los Gatos, CA)

1976-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

311

Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel and gasoline fueling. HEV technologies also have potential to be combined with alternative fuels and fuel cells to provide additional benefits. Future offerings might also include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

312

High Energy Batteries for Hybrid Buses  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

EnerDel batteries have already been employed successfully for electric vehicle (EV) applications. Compared to EV applications, hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) bus applications may be less stressful, but are still quite demanding, especially compared to battery applications for consumer products. This program evaluated EnerDel cell and pack system technologies with three different chemistries using real world HEV-Bus drive cycles recorded in three markets covering cold, hot, and mild climates. Cells were designed, developed, and fabricated using each of the following three chemistries: (1) Lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide (NMC) - hard carbon (HC); (2) Lithium manganese oxide (LMO) - HC; and (3) LMO - lithium titanium oxide (LTO) cells. For each cell chemistry, battery pack systems integrated with an EnerDel battery management system (BMS) were successfully constructed with the following features: real time current monitoring, cell and pack voltage monitoring, cell and pack temperature monitoring, pack state of charge (SOC) reporting, cell balancing, and over voltage protection. These features are all necessary functions for real-world HEV-Bus applications. Drive cycle test data was collected for each of the three cell chemistries using real world drive profiles under hot, mild, and cold climate conditions representing cities like Houston, Seattle, and Minneapolis, respectively. We successfully tested the battery packs using real-world HEV-Bus drive profiles under these various climate conditions. The NMC-HC and LMO-HC based packs successfully completed the drive cycles, while the LMO-LTO based pack did not finish the preliminary testing for the drive cycles. It was concluded that the LMO-HC chemistry is optimal for the hot or mild climates, while the NMC-HC chemistry is optimal for the cold climate. In summary, the objectives were successfully accomplished at the conclusion of the project. This program provided technical data to DOE and the public for assessing EnerDel technology, and helps DOE to evaluate the merits of underlying technology. The successful completion of this program demonstrated the capability of EnerDel battery packs to satisfactorily supply all power and energy requirements of a real-world HEV-Bus drive profile. This program supports green solutions to metropolitan public transportation problems by demonstrating the effectiveness of EnerDel lithium ion batteries for HEV-Bus applications.

Bruce Lu

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

313

Hybrid Vapor Compression Adsorption System: Thermal Storage Using Hybrid Vapor Compression Adsorption System  

SciTech Connect

HEATS Project: UTRC is developing a new climate-control system for EVs that uses a hybrid vapor compression adsorption system with thermal energy storage. The targeted, closed system will use energy during the battery-charging step to recharge the thermal storage, and it will use minimal power to provide cooling or heating to the cabin during a drive cycle. The team will use a unique approach of absorbing a refrigerant on a metal salt, which will create a lightweight, high-energy-density refrigerant. This unique working pair can operate indefinitely as a traditional vapor compression heat pump using electrical energy, if desired. The project will deliver a hot-and-cold battery that provides comfort to the passengers using minimal power, substantially extending the driving range of EVs.

None

2012-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

314

Image fusion for a nighttime driving display  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An investigation into image fusion for a nighttime driving display application was performed. Most of the image fusion techniques being investigated in this application were developed for other purposes. When comparing the ...

Herrington, William Frederick

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Driving Efficiencies Track | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driving Efficiencies Track Driving Efficiencies Track Driving Efficiencies Track Driving Efficiencies Track Tuesday April 17, 2012 From E-Mail to "The Stream" by Don Burke Taking Records Inventory Into the 21st Century by Lorie A. Robb Engineering and Operations Control: Embrace the Culture by Cheryl Bolen IT Project Management Framework by Denise Hill Wednesday April 18, 2012 Records Warehouse Operations and Records Storage for External Customers by Karen Hatch Preservation of Long-Term Temporary Records by Jeanie Gueretta Mobile Initiatives Effecting Change at Hanford by Don Stewart DOE's CIO's EWA by Sarah Gamage, Don Schade and Alan Andon Green IT 2012: Sustainable Electronics by Edwin Luevanos and Jeff Eagan Thursday April 19, 2012 Document Management and Control System by Melissa Ruth

316

Direct drive wind turbine - Energy Innovation Portal  

A wind turbine is provided that minimizes the size of the drive train and nacelle while maintaining the power electronics and transformer at the top of the tower. The ...

317

Consider Steam Turbine Drives for Rotating Equipment  

SciTech Connect

This revised ITP tip sheet on steam turbine drives for rotating equipment provides how-to advice for improving the system using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Driving Demand  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

even know they have. This section explains how you can use effective marketing to drive demand for energy upgrades in your community. Following the lead of many Better Buildings...

319

Frequency modulation drive for a piezoelectric motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor has peak performance at a specific frequency f.sub.1 that may vary over a range of frequencies. A drive system is disclosed for operating such a motor at peak performance without feedback. The drive system consists of the motor and an ac source connected to power the motor, the ac source repeatedly generating a frequency over a range from f.sub.1 -.DELTA.x to f.sub.1 +.DELTA.y.

Mittas, Anthony (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Modeling and Validation of a Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the design and construction of a fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle based on the conversion of a five passenger production sedan. The vehicle uses a relatively small fuel cell stack to provide average power demands, and a battery pack to provide peak power demands for varied driving conditions. A model of this vehicle was developed using ADVISOR, an A__dvanced Vehicle Simulator that tracks energy flow and fuel usage within the vehicle drivetrain and energy conversion components.

Michael J. Ogburn; Douglas J. Nelson; Keith Wipke; Tony Markel

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Internal combustion electric power hybrid power plant  

SciTech Connect

An internal combustion-electric motor hybrid power plant for an automotive vehicle is disclosed. The power plant includes an internal combustion engine and a direct current electric motor generator which are connected to a drive shaft for the vehicle. A clutch mechanism is provided to connect the internal combustion engine, the direct current electric motor generator and the drive shaft for selectively engaging and disengaging the drive shaft with the internal combustion engine and the motor generator. A storage battery is electrically connected to the motor generator to supply current to and receive current therefrom. Thermoelectric semi-conductors are arranged to be heated by the waste heat of the internal combustion engine. These thermoelectric semi-conductors are electrically connected to the battery to supply current thereto. The thermoelectric semi-conductors are mounted in contact with the outer surfaces of the exhaust pipe of the internal combustion engine and also with the outer surfaces of the cylinder walls of the engine.

Cummings, T.A.

1979-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

322

Hybrid Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing Activities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) testing in order to provide benchmark data for technology modeling and research and development programs, and to be an independent source of test data for fleet managers and other early adaptors of advanced-technology vehicles. To date, the AVTA has completed baseline performance testing on 12 HEV models and accumulated 2.7 million fleet testing miles on 35 HEVs. The HEV baseline performance testing includes dynamometer and closed-track testing to document HEV performance in a controlled environment. During fleet testing, two of each HEV model accumulate 160,000 test miles within 36 months, during which maintenance and repair events and fuel use were recorded. Three models of PHEVs, from vehicle converters Energy CS and Hymotion and the original equipment manufacturer Renault, are currently in testing. The PHEV baseline performance testing includes 5 days of dynamometer testing with a minimum of 26 test drive cycles, including the Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule, the Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule, and the US06 test cycle, in charge-depleting and charge-sustaining modes. The PHEV accelerated testing is conducted with dedicated drivers for 4,240 miles, over a series of 132 driving loops that range from 10 to 200 miles over various combinations of defined 10-mile urban and 10-mile highway loops, with 984 hours of vehicle charging. The AVTA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program. These AVTA testing activities were conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory and Electric Transportation Applications, with dynamometer testing conducted at Argonne National Laboratory. This paper discusses the testing methods and results.

Donald Karner

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Optimizing Energy Management Strategy and Degree of Hybridization for a Hydrogen Fuel Cell SUV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous work examined degree of hybridization on the fuel economy of a hybrid electric sport utility vehicle. It was observed that not only was the vehicle control strategy important, but that its definition should be coupled with the component sizing process. Both degree of hybridization and the energy management strategy have been optimized simultaneously in this study. Simple mass scaling algorithms were employed to capture the effect of component and vehicle mass variations as a function of degree of hybridization. Additionally, the benefits of regenerative braking and power buffering have been maximized using optimization methods to determine appropriate battery pack sizing. Both local and global optimization routines were applied to improve the confidence in the solution being close to the true optimum. An optimal configuration and energy management strategy that maximizes the benefit of hybridization for a hydrogen fuel cell hybrid SUV was derived. The optimal configuration was explored, and sensitivity to drive cycle in the optimization process was studied.

Keith Wipke Tony; Tony Markel; Doug Nelson

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

United Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Energy United Energy Name United Energy Address 284, Old Deal Rd Place Eatontown, New Jersey Zip 07722 Sector Solar Product Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Year founded 2009 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 201-697-8770 Website http://www.unitedenergypro.com Coordinates 40.2785975°, -74.0359722° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.2785975,"lon":-74.0359722,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

325

Energy Basics: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

a hybrid electric vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel...

326

Symmetric and asymmetric hybridization in citrus spp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United States is the second largest producer of oranges and grapefruit. However, the US citrus industry experiences constraints in production due to pests, diseases and environmental concerns. Furthermore, due to the low diversity in current commercial scion cultivars any exotic diseases, if introduced into any of the producing states could be devastating. To maintain the US industry competitiveness it is necessary to improve cold, pest and disease resistance to allow expansion of citrus production areas in the US, and to improve fruit quality characteristics such as sweetness, vitamins and phytochemical contents and seedlessness. Sexual hybridization in most Citrus species is complicated because they are highly apomictic. Polyembryony makes it difficult to create large segregating populations for selection. Somatic hybridization by protoplast fusion circumvents sexual incompatibilities and is a powerful tool in genetic improvement. Symmetric and asymmetric hybdridization (gamma irradiation plus iodoacetamide) via protoplast fusion were performed with the objective of producing somatic hybrids of Citrus paradisi with C. sinensis and C. reticulata with C. sinensis. These hybrids could be used for grapefruit improvement and to create genetic diversity. Furthermore, irradiated Swinglea glutinosa microprotoplasts were fused with ‘Ruby Red’ grapefruit and ‘Mucott’ tangor to assess the possibility of introgression of pieces of S. glutinosa chromosomes into the recipient protoplasts, a possible first step for radiation hybrid mapping. Double-inactivated fusions (irradiation + iodoacetamide) produced tetraploid and aneuploid plants, and hybridity was confirmed by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis. This is the first report of obtaining rooted Citrus asymmetric hybrid plants, produced by irradiation plus iodoacetamide. AFLP confirmed presence of S. glutinosa into the receptor genomes, showing a possible donor introgression.

Bona, Claudine M.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

E-T Global Energy, LLC E-T Global Energy, LLC OE Docket No. EA-381 Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Mexico Order No. EA-381 June 10, 2011 I. BACKGROUND E-T Global Energy, LLC Order No. EA-381 Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 301(b) and 402(f) of the Department ofEnergy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7151(b), 7172(f)) and require authorization under section 202(e) ofthe Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C.824a(e)) 1 * On May 10,2011, DOE received an application from E-T Global Energy, LLC (E-T Global) for authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico for five years as a power marketer using existing international transmission facilities. E-

328

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

WASHINGTON, TUESDAY, JUNE 28, 1983 @nngmeional Ruord United States of America .__ -- . . ,- PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE 9@ CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION United States Government Printing Office SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS Washmgton, D C 20402 OFFICIAL BUSINESS Penalty Ior pwate use. $xX Congresstonal Record (USPS 087-390) Postage and Fees Pad U S Government Prlnhng 0ffv.X 375 SECOND CLASS NEWSPAPER H.4578 ' C.QNGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE June 28, 1983 H.J. Res. 273: Mr. BOUND. Mr. W~.XMAN. Mr. OBERSTAR, Mr. BEDELL. Mr. BONER of Tennessee, Mr. OWENS. Mr. DAUB, Mr. CONTE. Mr. RAHALL; Mr. GRAY, Mr. VANDER JACT. Mr. TRAKLER, and Mr. Vxrrro. H. Con. Res. 107: Mr. KASICH. Mr. AUCOIN. Mr. CARPER, and Mr. SIZHFIJER. H. Con. Res. 118: Mr. FISH. Mr. LANTOS.

329

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ongrees;ional Record ongrees;ional Record United States of America __._ -.. I. :- PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE 9tth CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION United States Government Printing Office SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS Washmcqton. Cl C 20402 OFFICIAL BUSINESS Penalty Ior pwate use. $300 Congressmal Record (USPS 087-390) Postage and Fees Pad U S Governme3n:jPnntmg OfIce SECOND CLASS NEWSPAPER H.4578 ' June 28, 1983 -: I H.J. Res. 273: Mr. BOLAND, Mr. WA-. Mr. OBERSTAFC, M' r. BEDELL, Mr. BONER of Tennessee, Mr. OWENS. Mr. DAUB. Mr. CONTE. Mr. RAHALL,. Mr. GRAY, Mr. VANDER JAGT. Mr. TRAKLER. and Mr. VENTO. H. Con. Res. iO7: Mr. KASICH. Mr. ALCOIN. Mr. CARPER. and Mr. SCHEUER. H. Con. Res. 118: Mr. FISH, Mr. LANTOS. Mr. KILDEE. Mr. SOLARZ Mr. Bmrr, Mr. BELWLL, Mr. RANG~L, Mr. DYMALLY. Mr.

330

Gasoline-fueled hybrid vs. conventional vehicle emissions and fuel economy.  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the relative fuel economy and emissions behavior, both measured and modeled, of technically comparable, contemporary hybrid and conventional vehicles fueled by gasoline, in terms of different driving cycles. Criteria pollutants (hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides) are discussed, and the potential emissions benefits of designing hybrids for grid connection are briefly considered. In 1997, Toyota estimated that their grid-independent hybrid vehicle would obtain twice the fuel economy of a comparable conventional vehicle on the Japan 10/15 mode driving cycle. This initial result, as well as the fuel economy level (66 mpg), made its way into the U.S. press. Criteria emissions amounting to one-tenth of Japanese standards were cited, and some have interpreted these results to suggest that the grid-independent hybrid can reduce criteria emissions in the U.S. more sharply than can a conventional gasoline vehicle. This paper shows that the potential of contemporary grid-independent hybrid vehicle technology for reducing emissions and fuel consumption under U.S. driving conditions is less than some have inferred. The importance (and difficulty) of doing test and model assessments with comparable driving cycles, comparable emissions control technology, and comparable performance capabilities is emphasized. Compared with comparable-technology conventional vehicles, grid-independent hybrids appear to have no clear criteria pollutant benefits (or disbenefits). (Such benefits are clearly possible with grid-connectable hybrids operating in zero emissions mode.) However, significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions (i.e., fuel consumption) are possible with hybrid vehicles when they are used to best advantage.

Anderson, J.; Bharathan, D.; He, J.; Plotkin, S.; Santini, D.; Vyas, A.

1999-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

331

PHEV and Other Electric Drive Testing Results and Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity PHEV and Other Electric Drive Testing Results and Resources Jim Francfort Electric Drive Session Alternative Fuels & Vehicles Las Vegas, Nevada -...

332

Microsoft Word - Compare Driving Styles_ ETEC Hymotion Prius...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving intensity is the energy at the wheels used for propulsion. Recaptured energy through regenerative braking is not considered when calculating driving intensity....

333

Energy Department Announces $60 Million to Drive Affordable,...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

60 Million to Drive Affordable, Efficient Solar Power Energy Department Announces 60 Million to Drive Affordable, Efficient Solar Power October 22, 2013 - 11:45am Addthis News...

334

Energy Department Announces $60 Million to Drive Affordable,...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 Million to Drive Affordable, Efficient Solar Power Energy Department Announces 60 Million to Drive Affordable, Efficient Solar Power October 22, 2013 - 11:45am Addthis News...

335

The Transportation Leapfrog: Using Smart Phones to Collect Driving...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transportation Leapfrog: Using Smart Phones to Collect Driving Data and Model Fuel Economy in India Title The Transportation Leapfrog: Using Smart Phones to Collect Driving Data...

336

Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions, Technological Breakthroughs Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions, Technological...

337

Energy Department Invests to Drive Down Costs of Carbon Capture...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Drive Down Costs of Carbon Capture, Support Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Pollution Energy Department Invests to Drive Down Costs of Carbon Capture, Support Reductions in...

338

Solar air-conditioning-active, hybrid and passive  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

After a discussion of summer air conditioning requirements in the United States, active, hybrid, and passive cooling systems are defined. Active processes and systems include absorption, Rankine cycle, and a small variety of miscellaneous systems. The hybrid solar cooling and dehumidification technology of desiccation is covered as well as evaporative cooling. The passive solar cooling processes covered include convective, radiative and evaporative cooling. Federal and state involvement in solar cooling is then discussed. (LEW)

Yellott, J. I.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Fuzzy modeling of fluidized catalytic cracking unit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper deals with the fuzzy system identification of reactor-regenerator-stripper-fractionator's (RRSF) section of a fluidized catalytic cracking unit (FCCU). The fuzzy system identification based on the data collected from an operating refinery of ... Keywords: Dynamic fuzzy model, FCCU models, Fuzzy clustering, Fuzzy inference systems, Fuzzy models, Hybrid learning, Mountain clustering, Supervised learning, Unsupervised learning

Mohammad Fazle Azeem; Nesar Ahmad; M. Hanmandlu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Hybrid Vehicle Technology - Home  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* Batteries * Batteries * Modeling * Testing Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Materials Modeling, Simulation & Software Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles PSAT Smart Grid Student Competitions Technology Analysis Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC Hybrid Vehicle Technology revolutionize transportation Argonne's Research Argonne researchers are developing and testing various hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and their components to identify the technologies, configurations, and engine control strategies that provide the best combination of high fuel economy and low emissions. Vehicle Validation Argonne also serves as the lead laboratory for hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) and technology validation for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). HIL is a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Artificial mismatch hybridization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved nucleic acid hybridization process is provided which employs a modified oligonucleotide and improves the ability to discriminate a control nucleic acid target from a variant nucleic acid target containing a sequence variation. The modified probe contains at least one artificial mismatch relative to the control nucleic acid target in addition to any mismatch(es) arising from the sequence variation. The invention has direct and advantageous application to numerous existing hybridization methods, including, applications that employ, for example, the Polymerase Chain Reaction, allele-specific nucleic acid sequencing methods, and diagnostic hybridization methods.

Guo, Zhen (Madison, WI); Smith, Lloyd M. (Madison, WI)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Optimized control studies of a parallel hybrid electric vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses the development of a control scheme to maximize automobile fuel economy and battery state-of-charge (SOC) while meeting exhaust emission standards for parallel hybrid electric vehicles, which are an alternative to conventional passenger vehicles. The principle components of the drive train are a small internal combustion engine and an electric motor, both of them applying torque directly to the drive shaft for propelling the vehicle. Each component of the parallel hybrid vehicle is modeled, and throttle angle, motor current and brake torque command chosen as the control inputs. A performance index describing the total fuel and battery charge used, as well as pollutants emitted over the federal drive cycle, is defined. The problem is to find the optimal control inputs, as a function of time, that minimize the performance index under the chosen drive cycle while satisfying lower and upper bounds on the controls as well as the torque command constraint, derived from the drive cycle speed that the vehicle must follow. The problem is formulated so that optimal control theory can be used by defining the Hamiltonian of the system and deriving the Euler-Lagrange equations. Four special cases for the control bounds which are of practical importance are considered. But, because of the complicated analytical derivatives, solving the general analytical problem is not tractable. The alternate approach that is chosen is a numerical optimization method that solves the constrained optimization problem using the Recursive Quadratic Programming Method.'To evaluate various control schemes, a set of selected performance measures are studied: only SOC performance, and balanced fuel and SOC performance. Simulations under the federal drive cycle show that we achieve the design objectives while getting better results than with a simple logic controller. The optimum control results suggest that the throttle should always be kept wide open for the SOC to be maximized. This should be accomplished with Buntin's logic controller and would allow us to keep his easy control implementation while improving his performance.

Bougler, Benedicte Bernadette

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Dual-Mode Hybrid/Two-Mode Hybrid Accomplishment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dual-Mode Hybrid/Two-Mode Hybrid Accomplishment Dual-Mode Hybrid/Two-Mode Hybrid Accomplishment DOE-funded research, in collaboration with Allison Buses and General Motors Corporation has led to the commercialization of a dramatically different hybrid transmission system for heavy-duty and light-duty applications. The Dual-Mode or Two-Mode hybrid system is an infinitely variable speed hybrid transmission that works with the engine and battery system and automatically chooses to operate in a parallel or series hybrid path to maximize efficiency and minimize emissions, fuel consumption and noise. Parallel and Series hybrid configurations are found on most hybrid vehicles today, both with their own pluses and minuses. The Dual- Mode/Two-Mode systems uses the positive characteristics from both systems to maximize fuel

344

Biomolecular hybrid material and process for preparing same and uses for same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a composition and method for fabricating novel hybrid materials comprised of, e.g., carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and crosslinked enzyme clusters (CECs). In one method, enzyme-CNT hybrids are prepared by precipitation of enzymes which are subsequently crosslinked, yielding crosslinked enzyme clusters (CECs) on the surface of the CNTs. The CEC-enzyme-CNT hybrids exhibit high activity per unit area or mass as well as improved enzyme stability and longevity over hybrid materials known in the art. The CECs in the disclosed materials permit multilayer biocatalytic coatings to be applied to surfaces providing hybrid materials suitable for use in, e.g., biocatalytic applications and devices as described herein.

Kim, Jungbae [Richland, WA

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

345

Hybrid matrix geometric algebra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structures of matrix algebra and geometric algebra are completely compatible and in many ways complimentary, each having their own advantages and disadvantages. We present a detailed study of the hybrid 2 × 2 matrix geometric algebra M(2,IG) ...

Garret Sobczyk; Gordon Erlebacher

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Hybrid Systems Diagnosis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on an on-going project to investigate techniques to diagnose complex dynamical systems that are modeled as hybrid systems. In particular, we examine continuous systems with embedded supervisory controllers that experience abrupt, partial ...

Sheila A. McIlraith; Gautam Biswas; Dan Clancy; Vineet Gupta

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Assimilating hybridized architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis searches for means of operation to deal with hybridized architecture. As a conceptual framework, sociology theory appears to be an insightful precedent, for it analyzes and classifies how multiple constituents ...

Wu, Jane C., 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CC-1-I Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives served through the facilities of Carolina Power & Light Company, Western Division (hereinafter called the Customers). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and sold in wholesale quantities. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three-phase alternating

349

The relative attractiveness of electric and hybrid passenger cars  

SciTech Connect

The relative attractiveness of electric and hybrid (electric/heat engine) subcompact passenger cars was studied by comparing the total vehicle weight, selling price, ownership cost, and total energy use of computer-synthesized designs having the same power-to-weight ratio and using batteries based on the same technology. It was found that in all respects the hybrid designs were more attractive than the all-electric designs, with the advantages of the hybrids increasing significantly as the power-to-weight ratio was increased. The comparisons were made for city driving, and the relative attractiveness of the hybrid designs was found to be independent of annual mileage up to 12,000 miles/yr. Both hybrid and electric vehicles benefit markedly from the use of an advanced battery such as sodium-sulfur. Such a battery is required before the hybrid passenger car can save both gasoline and total energy compared to a conventional ICE car of the same size.

Burke, A.F.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Portable top drive cuts horizontal drilling costs  

SciTech Connect

Economic analysis of a seven-well, long-reach horizontal drilling program into an unconsolidated, heavy-oil-bearing reservoir in Winter field near the Alberta/Saskatchewan border in Canada reveals that -- in the right application -- renting a portable top drive drilling system can reduce total drilling costs. Use of the portable top drive combined with other cost-saving measures enabled Saskoil, one of Canada`s larger independents, to drill more cheaply, on a cost-per-meter basis, in 1993 than in 1992. This was despite significant rental rates for drilling rigs and directional drilling services caused by increased demand in Western Canada. Total cost savings of 10% on wells that would otherwise cost in the (C) $500,000 range are believed realistic. Based on this year`s performance, Saskoil recommends top drive for the company`s future horizontal wells in this area. This article describes the operator`s horizontal well program, advantages of top drive in that program and how it was installed and applied. Estimated time savings for six wells, plus other ways top drive can cut costs and improve operations are discussed.

Jackson, B. [Saskoil, Regina, Saskatchewan (Canada); Yager, D. [Tesco Drilling Tech., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Development and Testing of an UltraBattery-Equipped Honda Civic Hybrid  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The UltraBattery Retrofit Project DP1.8 and Carbon Enriched Project C3, performed by ECOtality North America (ECOtality) and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and the Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC), are established to demonstrate the suitability of advanced lead battery technology in hybrid electrical vehicles (HEVs). A profile, termed the “Simulated Honda Civic HEV Profile” (SHCHEVP) has been developed in Project DP1.8 in order to provide reproducible laboratory evaluations of different battery types under real-world HEV conditions. The cycle is based on the Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule and Highway Fuel Economy Test cycles and simulates operation of a battery pack in a Honda Civic HEV. One pass through the SHCHEVP takes 2,140 seconds and simulates 17.7 miles of driving. A complete nickel metal hydride (NiMH) battery pack was removed from a Honda Civic HEV and operated under SHCHEVP to validate the profile. The voltage behavior and energy balance of the battery during this operation was virtually the same as that displayed by the battery when in the Honda Civic operating on the dynamometer under the Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule and Highway Fuel Economy Test cycles, thus confirming the efficacy of the simulated profile. An important objective of the project has been to benchmark the performance of the UltraBatteries manufactured by both Furukawa Battery Co., Ltd., Japan (Furakawa) and East Penn Manufacturing Co., Inc. (East Penn). Accordingly, UltraBattery packs from both Furakawa and East Penn have been characterized under a range of conditions. Resistance measurements and capacity tests at various rates show that both battery types are very similar in performance. Both technologies, as well as a standard lead-acid module (included for baseline data), were evaluated under a simple HEV screening test. Both Furakawa and East Penn UltraBattery packs operated for over 32,000 HEV cycles, with minimal loss in performance; whereas the standard lead-acid unit experienced significant degradation after only 6,273 cycles. The high-carbon, ALABC battery manufactured in Project C3 also was tested under the advanced HEV schedule. Its performance was significantly better than the standard lead-acid unit, but was still inferior compared with the UltraBattery. The batteries supplied by Exide as part of the C3 Project performed well under the HEV screening test, especially at high temperatures. The results suggest that higher operating temperatures may improve the performance of lead-acid-based technologies operated under HEV conditions—it is recommended that life studies be conducted on these technologies under such conditions.

Sally (Xiaolei) Sun; Tyler Gray; Pattie Hovorka; Jeffrey Wishart; Donald Karner; James Francfort

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Objective methods of assessment of influence of alcohol on driving safety: study performed driving simulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper is focused on an introduction of a set of experiments focused on objective methods used for detection of driving impairment caused by influence of different level of alcohol in blood. It introduces the initial experiments which were performed ... Keywords: alcohol, driver's impairment, driving simulation

Roman Piekník; Stanislav Novotny; Petr Bouchner

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tenaslta Power Services Co. Tenaslta Power Services Co. OE Docket No. EA-243-A Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Canada Order No. EA-243-A March 1,2007 Tenaska Power Services Co. Order No. EA-243-A I. BACKGROUND Exports of elcctricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 30 I(b) and 402(f) of the Departrncnt of' Energy Organizatio~l Act (42 U, S.C. 7 15 1 (b), 7 1 72Cf)) and rcquirc authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) ( Z 6 U. s.c.824a(e)j1. On August 16,2001, DOE issued Order No. EA-243 authorizing Tenaska Power Scrvices Co. (Tenaska) to transmit electric cncrgy from the United States to Canada as a power marketer. That authority expired on August 16,2003. On August 14,2006, Teilaska applied to renew the electricity export authority

354

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TexMex Energy, LLC TexMex Energy, LLC OE Docket No. EA-294-A Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Mexico Order No. EA-294-A February 22, 2007 TexMex Energy, LLC Order No. EA-294-A I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign count~y are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 301(b) and 402(f) of the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7 15 1 (b), 71 72(f)) and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C.824a(e)) . On August 25,2004, DOE issued Order No. EA-294 authorizing TexMex Energy LLC (TexMex) to transmit electric energy fiom the United States to Mexico as a power marketer. That authority expired on August 25, 2006. On September 8, 2006, TexMex applied to renew the electricity export authority

355

United States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

United States United States Coal ................................................ 4,367 4,077 4,747 4,181 4,473 4,125 4,983 4,330 4,414 4,003 4,796 4,178 4,344 4,479 4,348 Natural Gas .................................... 2,802 2,843 3,694 2,863 2,713 2,880 3,636 2,707 2,792 2,972 3,815 2,849 3,052 2,986 3,109 Petroleum (a) .................................. 74 73 81 67 73 70 75 66 75 70 76 66 74 71 71 Other Gases ................................... 32 33 36 32 32 34 37 33 33 35 39 34 33 34 35 Nuclear ........................................... 2,176 2,044 2,257 2,170 2,106 2,037 2,167 2,010 2,144 2,074 2,206 2,055 2,162 2,080 2,120 Renewable Energy Sources: Conventional Hydropower ........... 736 886 716 633 765 887 708 646 767 919 729 659 742 751 768 Wind ............................................ 491 520 353 449 477 521 379 475

356

Drive Less, Save More | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drive Less, Save More Drive Less, Save More Drive Less, Save More May 24, 2011 - 12:31pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program For someone who works in the Vehicle Technologies Program, I actually don't spend that much time in my automobile. I usually get around using a combination of public transit, my bike, and my own two feet. But I'm an exception. In the U.S., the vehicle miles travelled per person is actually twice as high as it is in Western Europe and three times higher than in Japan. However, alternatives to using your car have a wealth of benefits. In addition to reducing petroleum consumption, they can lower greenhouse gas emissions, improve air quality, decrease stress, and bring communities together. Fortunately, there are a variety of ways to minimize the distance

357

Drive Less, Save More | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drive Less, Save More Drive Less, Save More Drive Less, Save More May 24, 2011 - 12:31pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program For someone who works in the Vehicle Technologies Program, I actually don't spend that much time in my automobile. I usually get around using a combination of public transit, my bike, and my own two feet. But I'm an exception. In the U.S., the vehicle miles travelled per person is actually twice as high as it is in Western Europe and three times higher than in Japan. However, alternatives to using your car have a wealth of benefits. In addition to reducing petroleum consumption, they can lower greenhouse gas emissions, improve air quality, decrease stress, and bring communities together. Fortunately, there are a variety of ways to minimize the distance

358

Microsoft Word - ORNL Hard Drives Final 08132010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Inspections and Special Inquires Inspections and Special Inquires Inspection Report Internal Controls over Computer Hard Drives at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory INS-O-10-03 August 2010 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 August 16, 2010 MEMORANDUM FOR THE DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF SCIENCE FROM: Sandra D. Bruce Assistant Inspector General for Inspections and Special Inquiries SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Inspection Report on "Internal Controls over Computer Hard Drives at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory" BACKGROUND The Department of Energy's (Department) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak

359

Photo of the Week: A Driving Force for Natural Gas | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Photo of the Week: A Driving Force for Natural Gas Photo of the Week: A Driving Force for Natural Gas Photo of the Week: A Driving Force for Natural Gas September 28, 2012 - 3:04pm Addthis Since 1977, the people of the U.S. Department of Energy have been delivering the science, innovation and expertise required to advance America's energy, economic and national security. In this photo taken in June 1988, former Secretary of Energy John Herrington takes the wheel of a clean natural gas vehicle in front of the Energy Department in Washington, DC. Today, natural gas powers over 112,000 vehicles in the United States and roughly 14.8 million vehicles worldwide. Natural gas vehicles, which can run on compressed natural gas, are a good option for high-mileage, centrally-fueled fleets that operate within a limited area. | Photo courtesy of the Department of Energy.

360

Photo of the Week: A Driving Force for Natural Gas | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Driving Force for Natural Gas A Driving Force for Natural Gas Photo of the Week: A Driving Force for Natural Gas September 28, 2012 - 3:04pm Addthis Since 1977, the people of the U.S. Department of Energy have been delivering the science, innovation and expertise required to advance America's energy, economic and national security. In this photo taken in June 1988, former Secretary of Energy John Herrington takes the wheel of a clean natural gas vehicle in front of the Energy Department in Washington, DC. Today, natural gas powers over 112,000 vehicles in the United States and roughly 14.8 million vehicles worldwide. Natural gas vehicles, which can run on compressed natural gas, are a good option for high-mileage, centrally-fueled fleets that operate within a limited area. | Photo courtesy of the Department of Energy.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Bangor Hydro-Electric Company OE Docket No. PP-89-1 Amendment to Presidential Permit Order No. PP-89-1 December 30,2005 PRESIDENTIAL PERMIT AMENDMENT Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Order No. PP-89-1 I. BACKGROUND The Department of Energy (DOE) has responsibility for implementing Executive Order (E.O.) 10485, as amended by E.O. 12038, which requires the issuance of a Presidential permit by DOE before electric trans~nission facilities may be constructed, operated, maintained, or connected at the borders of the United States. DOE may issue such a permit if it determines that the permit is in the public interest and after obtaining favorable recommendations from the U.S. Departments of State and Defense. On December 16, 1988, Bangor Hydro-Electric Company (BHE) applied to DOE

362

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CTV-1-H Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to the Tennessee Valley Authority (hereinafter called TVA). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy generated at the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Old Hickory, Cheatham, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and the Laurel Project sold under agreement between the Department of Energy and TVA. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three-phase alternating current at a frequency of approximately 60 hertz at the outgoing terminals of the Cumberland

363

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CTVI-1-A Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to customers (hereinafter called the Customer) who are or were formerly in the Tennessee Valley Authority (hereinafter called TVA) service area. Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy generated at the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Old Hickory, Cheatham, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and the Laurel Project sold under agreement between the Department of Energy and the Customer. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three-phase alternating

364

UNITED STATES  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

f).~<~~ \--\c :y-,ai F p"- KG f).~<~~ \--\c :y-,ai F p"- KG WASHINOTDN 28.0. C. ' -lr ' \ ' ' --- ".I ?--" ' z I. .~;-4.' J frr*o& 2 ii, - - -4 70-147 LRL:JCD JAN !! 8 1958 Oregon Metallurgical Corporation P. 0. Box 484 Albany, Oregon Attention: Mr. Stephen M. Shelton General Manager Gentlemen: Enclosed is Special Nuclear Material License No. SNM-144, as amended. Very 33uly yours, r:; I,;, ll)~gQ""d".- Lyall Johnson Chief, Licensing Branch Division of Licensing & Regulation Enclosure: SNM-144, as amended Distribution: bRO0 Attn: Dr. H.M.Roth DFMusser NMM MMMann INS JCRyan FIN (2) HSteele LRL SRGustavson LRL Document room Formal file Suppl. file Br & Div rf's ' .b liwwArry s/VW- ' q+ ' yj/ 2; 2-' , COP' 1 J JAM01958 -- UNITED STATES ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION

365

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule JW-2-F Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to the Florida Power Corporation (or Progress Energy Florida, hereinafter called the Company). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric energy generated at the Jim Woodruff Project (hereinafter called the Project) and sold to the Company in wholesale quantities. Points of Delivery: Power sold to the Company by the Government will be delivered at the connection of the Company's transmission system with the Project bus. Character of Service: Electric power delivered to the Company will be three-phase alternating current at a nominal frequency of 60 cycles per second.

366

MHK Projects/OSU Direct Drive Power Generation Buoys | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OSU Direct Drive Power Generation Buoys OSU Direct Drive Power Generation Buoys < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.6472,"lon":-124.127,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

367

Evaluation of Range Estimates for Toyota FCHV-adv Under Open Road Driving Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SRNS-STI-2009-00446 Evaluation of Range Estimates for Toyota FCHV-adv Under Open Road Driving Conditions Keith Wipke 1 , Donald Anton 2 , Sam Sprik 1 August 10, 2009 PTS-05 of SRNS CRADA No. CR-04-003 1 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 2 Savannah River National Laboratory Page 1 of 17 SRNS-STI-2009-00446 Objective: The objective of this evaluation was to independently and objectively verify driving ranges of >400 miles announced by Toyota for its new advanced Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicle (FCHV-adv) utilizing 70 MPa compressed hydrogen. To accomplish this, participants from both Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) witnessed and participated in a 2-vehicle evaluation with Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc. (TEMA) over a typical

368

The United States of America Meets the Planet Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, U.C. Berkeley August 23, 2005, National Press Club #12;We Burn More Than Plants Produce Hydro Inputs Ethanol Energy Fuel Cell Car Hybrid Car Average Car Energy per unit area and unit time, W/m2 Bill 082305 NPC ­ p.6/13 #12;U.S. Ethanol Inflated Car Tires 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

369

FedEx Express Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation: 12-Month Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the data obtained in a 12-month comparison of three gasoline hybrid electric delivery vehicles with three comparable diesel vehicles. The data show that there was no statistical difference between operating cost per mile of the two groups of vehicles. As expected, tailpipe emissions were considerably lower across all drive cycles for the gHEV than for the diesel vehicle.

Barnitt, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Research Experience with a Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This technical document reports on the exploratory research conducted by NREL on PHEV technology using a Toyota Prius that has been converted to a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle. The data includes both controlled dynamometer and on-road test results, particularly for hilly driving. The results highlight the petroleum savings and benefits of PHEV technology.

Markel, T.; Pesaran, A.; Kelly, K.; Thornton, M.; Nortman, P.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

EVALUATION OF RANGE ESTIMATES FOR TOYOTA FCHV-ADV UNDER OPEN ROAD DRIVING CONDITIONS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this evaluation was to independently and objectively verify driving ranges of >400 miles announced by Toyota for its new advanced Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicle (FCHV-adv) utilizing 70 MPa compressed hydrogen. To accomplish this, participants from both Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) witnessed and participated in a 2-vehicle evaluation with Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc. (TEMA) over a typical open road route for over 11 hours in one day with all relevant data recorded. SRNL and TEMA first entered into discussions of verifying the range of the advanced Toyota Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicle (FCHV-adv) in August 2008 resulting from reported 400+ mile range by Toyota. After extended negotiations, a CRADA agreement, SRNS CRADA No. CR-04-003, was signed on May 6, 2009. Subsequently, on June 30, 2009 SRNL and NREL participated in an all-day evaluation of the FCHV-adv with TEMA to determine the real-world driving range of this vehicle through on-road driving on an extended round-trip drive between Torrance and San Diego, California. SRNL and NREL observed the vehicles being refueled at Toyota's headquarters the day before the evaluation in Torrance, CA on June 29. At 8:00 AM on June 30, the vehicles departed Torrance north toward downtown Los Angeles, then west to the Pacific Coast Highway, and down to San Diego. After lunch the vehicles retraced their route back to Torrance. The traffic encountered was much heavier than anticipated, causing the vehicles to not return to Torrance until 9 PM. Each vehicle was driven by the same Toyota driver all day, with one SRNL/NREL observer in each vehicle the entire route. Data was logged by Toyota and analyzed by NREL. The maximum range of the FCHV-adv vehicles was calculated to be 431 miles under these driving conditions. This distance was calculated from the actual range of 331.5 miles during over 11 hours driving, plus 99.5 miles of additional range calculated from the average fuel economy from the day times the remaining usable hydrogen. Driving range results were independently calculated for each vehicle, and these results averaged together to achieve the final 431-mile range estimate. The uncertainty on these results is relatively low due to eight independent measurements of distance and six separate measurements of hydrogen usage, with a resulting uncertainty of {+-} 7 miles ({+-} 1.7%) based on spread between the low and high values from all of the multiple measurements. The average fuel economy resulting from the day's driving was 68.3 miles/kg and the total hydrogen stored on-board at 70 MPa was calculated to be 6.31 kg. The speed profiles were analyzed and compared to standard driving cycles, and were determined to be of moderate aggressiveness. The city segments of the route had average speeds slightly greater than the UDDS cycle and the highway segments were close to the HWFET & US06 cycles. The average acceleration for the highway driving was very close to the HWFET cycle, and the city portions had average accelerations lower than the UDDS and US06 cycles. We feel that the route accurately reflects realistic driving behaviors in southern California on a typical weekday, and is an appropriate benchmark to use in the verification of a fuel cell vehicle's range.

Anton, D.; Wipke, K.; Sprik, S.

2009-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

372

A Novel Current Angle Control Scheme in a Current Source Inverter Fed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive for Automotive Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes a novel speed control scheme to operate a current source inverter (CSI) driven surface-mounted permanent magnet synchronous machine (SPMSM) for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) applications. The idea is to use the angle of the current vector to regulate the rotor speed while keeping the two dc-dc converter power switches on all the time to boost system efficiency. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme was verified with a 3 kW CSI-SPMSM drive prototype.

Tang, Lixin [ORNL; Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

PCTS Local Driving Directions Princeton University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PCTS Local Driving Directions Princeton University Princeton Center for Theoretical Science Jadwin to Jadwin Hall, there are several parking options. a) There are limited visitors' parking spots directly, in the first aisle, after you turn into the parking lot, which is located on Ivy Lane. (Use the directions

374

Conditions driving chemical freeze-out  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose the entropy density as the thermodynamic condition driving best the chemical freeze-out in heavy-ion collisions. Taking its value from lattice calculations at zero chemical potential, we find that it is excellent in reproducing the experimentally estimated freeze-out parameters. The two characteristic endpoints in the freeze-out diagram are reproduced as well.

A. Tawfik

2004-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

375

Query processing techniques for solid state drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solid state drives perform random reads more than 100x faster than traditional magnetic hard disks, while offering comparable sequential read and write bandwidth. Because of their potential to speed up applications, as well as their reduced power consumption, ... Keywords: columnar storage, flash memory, join index, late materialization, semi-join reduction, ssd

Dimitris Tsirogiannis; Stavros Harizopoulos; Mehul A. Shah; Janet L. Wiener; Goetz Graefe

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Oscillation control system for electric motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A feedback system for controlling mechanical oscillations in the torsionally complaint drive train of an electric or other vehicle. Motor speed is converted in a processor to estimate state signals in which a plant model which are used to electronically modify the torque commands applied to the motor. 5 figs.

Slicker, J.M.; Sereshteh, A.

1988-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

377

Oscillation control system for electric motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A feedback system for controlling mechanical oscillations in the torsionally complaint drive train of an electric or other vehicle. Motor speed is converted in a processor to estimate state signals in which a plant model which are used to electronically modify thetorque commands applied to the motor.

Slicker, James M. (Union Lake, MI); Sereshteh, Ahmad (Union Lake, MI)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Plug-in Hybrid Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plug-in Hybrid Links Plug-in Hybrid Links Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov Web site. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles and Manufacturers Chevrolet Volt Official site for the Chevrolet Volt Cadillac ELR Official site for the Cadillac ELR (arriving early 2014) Ford C-MAX Energi Plug-in Hybrid Official site for the C-MAX Energi Plug-in Hybrid Ford Fusion Energi Plug-in Hybrid Official site for the Fusion Energi Plug-in Hybrid Honda Accord Plug-in Official site for the Honda Accord Plug-in Hybrid Toyota Prius Plug-in Official site for the Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Plug-in-Related Information and Tools

379

Green Means Go for Hybrid and Alternative Fuel Taxis | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Means Go for Hybrid and Alternative Fuel Taxis Means Go for Hybrid and Alternative Fuel Taxis Green Means Go for Hybrid and Alternative Fuel Taxis August 24, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program The taxi, the icon of the bustling city, is getting a makeover. Cities nationwide are encouraging taxi fleets to turn over a new leaf and reduce their petroleum consumption. As taxis average more than 55,000 miles a year, reducing one taxi's gasoline consumption can make a big difference. Fortunately, there are a number of ways fleets can improve their sustainability, including adopting hybrid, natural gas, or propane vehicles. Although many people associate the Ford Crown Victoria with taxis, an increasing number of taxi operators are driving hybrid Toyota Priuses,

380

Green Means Go for Hybrid and Alternative Fuel Taxis | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Means Go for Hybrid and Alternative Fuel Taxis Green Means Go for Hybrid and Alternative Fuel Taxis Green Means Go for Hybrid and Alternative Fuel Taxis August 24, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program The taxi, the icon of the bustling city, is getting a makeover. Cities nationwide are encouraging taxi fleets to turn over a new leaf and reduce their petroleum consumption. As taxis average more than 55,000 miles a year, reducing one taxi's gasoline consumption can make a big difference. Fortunately, there are a number of ways fleets can improve their sustainability, including adopting hybrid, natural gas, or propane vehicles. Although many people associate the Ford Crown Victoria with taxis, an increasing number of taxi operators are driving hybrid Toyota Priuses,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure), Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles Hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles use electricity as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicle designs. This new generation of vehicles, often called electric drive vehicles, can be divided into three cat- egories: hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (EVs). Together, they have great potential to reduce U.S. petroleum use. Hybrid Electric Vehicles HEVs are powered by an internal combus- tion engine or other propulsion source that runs on conventional or alternative fuel and an electric motor that uses energy stored in a battery. The extra power provided by the electric motor allows for a smaller engine, resulting in better fuel

382

United Illuminating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Illuminating Illuminating Jump to: navigation, search Logo: United Illuminating Name United Illuminating Address 157 Church St Place New Haven, Connecticut Zip 06510 Sector Services Product Green Power Marketer Website http://www.uinet.com/ Coordinates 41.3073289°, -72.9247896° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.3073289,"lon":-72.9247896,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

383

United Nations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nations Nations Jump to: navigation, search Logo: United Nations Name United Nations Address UN Headquarters 1st Ave & 46th Street Place New York, NY Zip 10017 Region Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Year founded 1945 Website http://www.un.org/ Coordinates 40.7143528°, -74.0059731° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.7143528,"lon":-74.0059731,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

384

Hybrid Systems Architectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ion suppression of lower-level information not relevant for the current task Encapsulation (information hiding) implementation details are hidden, only interface information is visible F. Kurfeß Hybrid System Architectures ASHS '96 37 Inheritance common characteristics are derived from ancestors Polymorphism appropriate instances of classes and operators can be selected at runtime Advantages ffl very flexible ffl suitable for large systems ffl support reuse Problems ffl handling of new and atypical situations ffl quite complex ffl formal verification F. Kurfeß Hybrid System Architectures ASHS '96 38 Expert System What is an Expert System? Basic concepts ffl designer / user supplies facts and information ffl user asks queries and receives expert advice ffl limited to a problem domain (knowledge domain) Components ffl user interface ffl knowledge base ffl inference mechanism Synonyms: knowledge-based system, knowledge-based expert system F. Kurfeß Hybrid System Archi...

Franz J. Kurfeß

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transportation Association Conference Transportation Association Conference Vancouver, Canada December 2005 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing Jim Francfort U.S. Department of Energy - FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program, Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity INL/CON-05-00964 Presentation Outline * Background & goals * Testing partners * Hybrid electric vehicle testing - Baseline performance testing (new HEV models) - 1.5 million miles of HEV fleet testing (160k miles per vehicle in 36 months) - End-of-life HEV testing (rerun fuel economy & conduct battery testing @ 160k miles per vehicle) - Benchmark data: vehicle & battery performance, fuel economy, maintenance & repairs, & life-cycle costs * WWW information location Background * Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - part of the

386

Diagnostics for hybrid reactors  

SciTech Connect

The Hybrid Reactor(HR) can be considered an attractive actinide-burner or a fusion assisted transmutation for destruction of transuranic(TRU) nuclear waste. The hybrid reactor has two important subsystems: the tokamak neutron source and the blanket which includes a fuel zone where the TRU are placed and a tritium breeding zone. The diagnostic system for a HR must be as simple and robust as possible to monitor and control the plasma scenario, guarantee the protection of the machine and monitor the transmutation.

Orsitto, Francesco Paolo [ENEA Unita' Tecnica Fusione , Associazione ENEA-EURATOM sulla Fusione C R Frascati v E Fermi 45 00044 Frascati (Italy)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

387

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid...

388

Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Associates. (2002). Hybrid Vehicle Consumer Acceptancedefinitely” consider a hybrid vehicle, and any of these werepercent or more for a hybrid vehicle. O THER V ARIATIONS IN

Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Quantifying the benefits of hybrid vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the last century. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) reduceon their design, hybrid electric vehicles employ electricof this paper, hybrid electric vehicles are a broad set of

Turrentine, Tom; Delucchi, Mark; Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Sun, Yongling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

391

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

392

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

393

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

394

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

395

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

396

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

397

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

398

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

399

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

400

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

402

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

403

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

404

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

405

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

406

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

407

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: January 15, 2: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on AddThis.com... Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences Those living in the center city drive fewer miles in a day than those in

408

Drive piston assembly for a valve actuator assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A drive piston assembly is provided that is operable to selectively open a poppet valve. The drive piston assembly includes a cartridge defining a generally stepped bore. A drive piston is movable within the generally stepped bore and a boost sleeve is coaxially disposed with respect to the drive piston. A main fluid chamber is at least partially defined by the generally stepped bore, drive piston, and boost sleeve. First and second feedback chambers are at least partially defined by the drive piston and each are disposed at opposite ends of the drive piston. At least one of the drive piston and the boost sleeve is sufficiently configured to move within the generally stepped bore in response to fluid pressure within the main fluid chamber to selectively open the poppet valve. A valve actuator assembly and engine are also provided incorporating the disclosed drive piston assembly.

Sun, Zongxuan (Troy, MI)

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

409

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

410

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

411

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

412

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

413

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

414

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

415

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

416

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

417

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

418

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

419

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

420

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

422

Proceedings of the 35th conference on Winter simulation: driving innovation: driving innovation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 2003 Winter Simulation Conference (WSC) continues a thirty-six year tradition as the premier event in discrete-event and combined discrete-continuous simulation. The conference theme, Driving Innovation, invites you to push the boundaries and find ...

David Ferrin; Douglas J. Morrice

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

HAVE you ever noticed a friend or neighbour driving a new hybrid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as the Toyota Prius have recognisable designs, advertising their driver's commitment to cleaner energy for all

Rand, David G.

424

Eighteen-Month Final Evaluation of UPS Second Generation Diesel Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A parallel hybrid-electric diesel delivery van propulsion system was evaluated at a UPS facility in Minneapolis using on-vehicle data logging, fueling, and maintenance records. Route and drive cycle analysis showed different duty cycles for hybrid vs. conventional delivery vans; routes were switched between the study groups to provide a valid comparison. The hybrids demonstrated greater advantage on the more urban routes; the initial conventional vans' routes had less dense delivery zones. The fuel economy of the hybrids on the original conventional group?s routes was 10.4 mpg vs. 9.2 mpg for the conventional group on those routes a year earlier. The hybrid group's fuel economy on the original hybrid route assignments was 9.4 mpg vs. 7.9 mpg for the conventional group on those routes a year later. There was no statistically significant difference in total maintenance cost per mile or for the vehicle total cost of operation per mile. Propulsion-related maintenance cost per mile was 77% higher for the hybrids, but only 52% more on a cost-per-delivery-day basis. Laboratory dynamometer testing demonstrated 13%-36% hybrid fuel economy improvement, depending on duty cycle, and up to a 45% improvement in ton-mi/gal. NOx emissions increased 21%-49% for the hybrids in laboratory testing.

Lammert, M.; Walkowicz, K.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Efficient simulation of hybrid systems: A hybrid bond graph approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate and efficient simulations facilitate cost-effective design and analysis of large, complex, embedded systems, whose behaviors are typically hybrid, i.e. continuous behaviors interspersed with discrete mode changes. In this paper we present an ... Keywords: component-oriented modeling, dynamic causal assignment, hybrid bond graphs, modeling and simulation environments, simulation of hybrid systems

Indranil Roychoudhury; Matthew J Daigle; Gautam Biswas; Xenofon Koutsoukos

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Pictorial characterization of worldwide electric and hybrid vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The presentation given is intended to fulfill the several objectives of (1) documenting the pictorial review presented during ERDA's March 1, 1977, Conference on the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Demonstration Project; (2) pictorially characterizing the present state of the electric and hybrid vehicle (EHV) art on an international scale; and (3) providing examples of the class of products expected to be available for the implementation of the early phases of Public Law 94-413. It is organized along national lines, with separate chapters for electric and hybrid vehicle programs in each of nine countries: Federal Republic of Germany, Israel, Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Japan and the United States. Each chapter (except for Chapter 3) is preceded by descriptive material on the program objectives, participants and/or milestones.

Kirk, R S; Barber, K F

1977-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

427

Energy Secretary Bodman Showcases Advanced Clean Diesel and Hybrid Trucks,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bodman Showcases Advanced Clean Diesel and Hybrid Bodman Showcases Advanced Clean Diesel and Hybrid Trucks, Buses Energy Secretary Bodman Showcases Advanced Clean Diesel and Hybrid Trucks, Buses May 10, 2005 - 12:45pm Addthis Says Energy Bill Essential to Develop Clean Diesel Technology WASHINGTON, D.C. - Highlighting the promise of alternative fuel trucks and buses, Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today opened an exhibition of energy-efficient, clean diesel and advanced hybrid commercial vehicles at a press conference in Washington, D.C. Secretary Bodman also underscored the need to pass an energy bill that encourages the use of renewable fuels and new technologies to provide the United States with greater energy independence. "Industry and government are working hand-in-hand to develop technologies

428

Merging photovoltaic hardware development with hybrid applications in the USA  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The use of multi-source power systems, ``hybrids,`` is one of the fastest growing, potentially significant markets for photovoltaic (PV) system technology today. Cost-effective applications today include remote facility power, remote area power supplies, remote home and village power, and power for dedicated electrical loads such as communications systems. This market sector is anticipated to be one of the most important growth opportunities for PV over the next five years. The US Department of Energy (USDOE) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) are currently engaged in an effort to accelerate the adoption of market-driven PV hybrid power systems and to effectively integrate PV with other energy sources. This paper provides details of this development and the ongoing hybrid activities in the United States. Hybrid systems are the primary focus of this paper.

Bower, W.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Research on the Hybrid Clean Energy Power System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper aims to design a hybrid clean energy power system with 3kW by utilizing the complementarities between the clean energies, or with and other energies. It unites the solar photovoltaic (PV) , the wind power, batteries and the diesel generator ... Keywords: clean energy, DC-DC controller, power management, BMS

Chun Wang, Zuhua Fang, Tingting Hong, Wen Lv, Ying Sun, Hongbing Xu, Jiajia Li, Younan Wang, Peiying Han

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A hybrid system model of seasonal snowpack water balance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is estimated that seasonal snow cover is the primary source of water supply for over 60 million people in the western United States. Informed decision making, which ensures reliable and equitable distribution of this limited water resource, thus needs ... Keywords: hybrid systems, hydrology, snowmelt, water resources

Branko Kerkez; Steven D. Glaser; John A. Dracup; Roger C. Bales

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Standards Development as Hybridization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While users in the rest of the World have been offered 3G mobile phones based on either the CDMA2000 or W-CDMA standards, users in China have the additional option of using phones based on the TD-SCDMA standard. As a technology largely developed by Chinese ... Keywords: Global, Hybridization, Indigenous, Innovation, Mobile Phones, National, Technology

Xiaobai Shen, Ian Graham, James Stewart, Robin Williams

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Federal Tax Credits for Hybrids  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrids Hybrids Hybrid Vehicle Photo Federal tax credit up to $3,400! Hybrids purchased or placed into service after December 31, 2005 may be eligible for a federal income tax credit of up to $3,400. Credit amounts begin to phase out for a given manufacturer once it has sold over 60,000 eligible vehicles. Vehicles purchased after December 31, 2010 are not eligible for this credit. The information below is provided for those filing amended tax returns for previous years. BMW Chrysler/Dodge Ford Brands GM Brands Honda Mazda Mercedes Nissan Porsche Toyota/Lexus 2011 Vehicle Make & Model Full Credit Phase Out No Credit 50% 25% BMW Jan. 1, 2006 TBD TBD Jan. 1, 2011 BMW ActiveHybrid 750i 2011 BMW ActiveHybrid 750i $900 -- -- $0 BMW ActiveHybrid 750Li 2011 BMW ActiveHybrid 750Li $900 -- -- $0

433

New Plug-in Hybrids  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cars 2014 Midsize Cars Fuel Economy Specs 2013 Chevrolet Volt 2012 Fisker Karma Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle 2012 Chevy Volt Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle 2012 Karma Fisker Configuration...

434

Mirror fusion--fission hybrids  

SciTech Connect

The fusion-fission concept and the mirror fusion-fission hybrid program are outlined. Magnetic mirror fusion drivers and blankets for hybrid reactors are discussed. Results of system analyses are presented and a reference design is described.

Lee, J.D.

1978-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Argonne's GREET Model - Driving Transportation Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving Driving Transportation Solutions Model Argonne's GREET D r i v i n g Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n S o l u t i o n s ARGONNE'S GREET Argonne's GREET model is widely recognized as the "gold standard" for evaluating and comparing the energy and environmental impacts of transportation fuels and advanced vehicles. The Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model is a one-of-a-kind analytical tool that simulates the energy use and emissions output of various vehicle and fuel combinations. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, the free software program gives researchers the unique ability to analyze technologies over an entire life cycle - from well to wheels and from raw material mining to vehicle disposal.

436

Enhancing cavity cooling with cavity driving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cavity-mediated cooling has the potential to become one of the most efficient techniques to cool molecular species down to very low temperatures. However, theoretical schemes with single-laser driving require relatively strong trapping potentials and relatively long cavity photon life times which are hard to realise experimentally. In this paper we therefore consider an alternative cavity cooling scenario with double-laser driving. It is shown that the second laser can enhance the phonon-photon coherence which governs the time evolution of the mean phonon number, thereby resulting in higher cooling rates and a lower final temperature, when the cavity decay rate kappa is four or more times larger than the phonon frequency nu of the trapped particle.

Blake, Tony; Beige, Almut

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Hybrid and Hierarchical Composite Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chang Soo Kim, University of Wisconsin -Milwaukee. Scope, Hybrid and hierarchical composite materials have several advantageous characteristics that  ...

438

NEUTRONIC REACTOR CONTROL ROD DRIVE APPARATUS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

ABS>A suspension mechanism between a vertically movable nuclear reactor control rod and a rod extension, which also provides information for the operator or an automatic control signal, is described. A spring connects the rod extension to a drive shift. The extension of the spring indicates whether (1) the rod is at rest on the reactor, (2) the rod and extension are suspended, or (3) the extension alone is suspended, the spring controlling a 3-position electrical switch.

Oakes, L.C.; Walker, C.S.

1959-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Quasi-spherical direct drive fusion.  

SciTech Connect

The authors present designs of quasi-spherical direction drive z-pinch loads for machines such as ZR at 28 MA load current with a 150 ns implosion time (QSDDI). A double shell system for ZR has produced a 2D simulated yield of 12 MJ, but the drive for this system on ZR has essentially no margin. A double shell system for a 56 MA driver at 150 ns implosion has produced a simulated yield of 130 MJ with considerable margin in attaining the necessary temperature and density-radius product for ignition. They also represent designs for a magnetically insulated current amplifier, (MICA), that modify the attainable ZR load current to 36 MA with a 28 ns rise time. The faster pulse provided by a MICA makes it possible to drive quasi-spherical single shell implosions (QSDD2). They present results from 1D LASNEX and 2D MACH2 simulations of promising low-adiabat cryogenic QSDD2 capsules and 1D LASNEX results of high-adiabat cryogenic QSDD2 capsules.

VanDevender, J. Pace; Abbott, Lucas M.; Langston, William L.; McDaniel, Dillon Heirman; Nash, Thomas J.; Roderick, Norman Frederick; Silva, M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Electrostatics and Flexibility Drive Membrane Recognition and Early Penetration by Antimicrobial Peptide Dendrimer bH1  

SciTech Connect

Molecular dynamics simulation of polycationic antimicrobial peptide dendrimer bH1 (Leu)8(DapLeu)4(DapPhe)2DapLys- NH2 binding to membranes suggest that electrostatic 10 interactions with the polyanionic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and conformational flexibility of the 2,3-diaminopropanoic acid (Dap) branching units drive its selective insertion into microbial membranes.

Ravi, Harish Kumar; Stach, Michaela; Soares, Thereza A.; Darbre, Tamis; Reymond, Jean-Louis; Cascella, Michele

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

SolarHybrid AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SolarHybrid AG Jump to: navigation, search Name SolarHybrid AG Place Germany Sector Solar Product Germany-based solar thermal hybrid product manufacturer References SolarHybrid...

442

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Batteries Deployment Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Hybrids Plug-In Hybrids All-Electric Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles

443

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

444

Secrets of the Motor That Drives Archaea Revealed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secrets of the Motor That Drives Archaea Revealed Secrets of the Motor That Drives Archaea Revealed Print Thursday, 14 February 2013 00:00 An international team led by John Tainer...

445

Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

446

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

447

DIRECT-DRIVE AND EDDY-CURRENT SEPTUM MAGNETS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

laminations and leakage fields are summarized in Appendices A and B, respectively. 2. Direct-Drive Septum For the upper half of the 2-D direct-drive septum magnet in Fig. 1 the...

448

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #420: April 17, 2006 Driving...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: April 17, 2006 Driving Less Due to Gasoline Prices to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 420: April 17, 2006 Driving Less Due to Gasoline Prices on...

449

Driving Battery Production in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driving Battery Production in Ohio Driving Battery Production in Ohio November 1, 2010 - 6:19pm Addthis Randy Turk, Elyria Site Manager; Rep. Betty Sutton (OH); Frank Bozich,...

450

Driving Home to a Clean Energy Future | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driving Home to a Clean Energy Future Driving Home to a Clean Energy Future June 7, 2011 - 10:57am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy...

451

NREL: News Feature - NREL Drives Toward the Future with Fuel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Drives Toward the Future with Fuel Cell EVs June 21, 2013 A hydrogen fuel cell powered Toyota sport utility vehicle emblazoned with an NREL logo drives past a building on the NREL...

452

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Driving Training  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel-Efficient Driving Training to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Driving Training on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center:...

453

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

454

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

455

Hybrids for Photovoltaics - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Organic: Inorganic Materials for Alternative Energy: Hybrids for Photovoltaics Program Organizers: Andrei Jitianu, Lehman College, City University of ...

456

Hybrids for Batteries and Fuel Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Organic: Inorganic Materials for Alternative Energy: Hybrids for Batteries and Fuel Cells Program Organizers: Andrei Jitianu, Lehman College, City ...

457

Electricity use by machine drives varies significantly by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions. ... Fossil fuels may be used to drive turbines, reciprocating engines, ...

458

Clean Cities 2011 Stakeholders Summit - Electric Drive Vehicles...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program Vehicle Technologies Program - Clean Cities 2011 Stakeholders Summit - Electric Drive Vehicles and Charging Infrastructure...

459

DC Drive Ride-Through Technology Alternatives and Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adjustable speed drive (ASD) ride-through issues have caused increased concerns due to drive susceptibility to power disturbances and the costly results of process disruptions. Losses incurred due to DC drive trips can be avoided for critical production processes by employing ride-through alternatives. The purpose of this study is to determine the DC drive ride-through requirements of industrial customers and match those ride-through needs with possible solutions.

1998-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

460

Electrical Motor Drive Apparatus and Method - Energy Innovation Portal  

Vehicles and Fuels Industrial Technologies Electrical ... Auto manufacturers ; Industrial motor drive manufacturers; Patents and Patent Applications. ID Number.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hybrid drive unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

New aggregation programs drive consumer participation in Illinois ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

New aggregation programs drive consumer participation ... Ameren Energy Marketing, Direct Energy ... (buying their electricity from renewable generators) ...

462

The Effect of Driving Intensity and Incomplete Charging on the Fuel Economy of a Hymotion Prius PHEV  

SciTech Connect

On-road testing was conducted on a Hymotion Prius plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) at the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation in Phoenix, Arizona. The tests were comprised of on-road urban and highway driving during charge-depleting and charge-sustaining operation. Determining real-world effectiveness of PHEVs at reducing petroleum consumption in real world driving was the main focus of the study. Throughout testing, several factors that affect fuel consumption of PHEVs were identified. This report discusses two of these factors: driving intensity (i.e., driving aggressiveness) and battery charging completeness. These two factors are unrelated, yet both significantly impact the vehicle’s fuel economy. Driving intensity was shown to decrease fuel economy by up to half. Charging completeness, which was affected by human factors and ambient temperature conditions, also showed to have great impact on fuel economy for the Hymotion Prius. These tests were performed for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technology Program, is conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation.

Richard Barney Carlson

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Can a Hybrid Save Me Money?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Can a Hybrid Save Me Money? Can a Hybrid Save Me Money? Step 1: Show me a hybrid. I want to compare... 2013 Acura ILX Hybrid 2013 Acura ILX Hybrid Tech Pkg 2014 Buick LaCrosse eAssist 2013 Cadillac Escalade Hybrid 2WD 2013 Cadillac Escalade Hybrid 4WD 2013 Chevrolet Malibu Eco 2SA 2013 Ford Fusion Hybrid 2013 Ford Fusion Hybrid Titanium 2013 GMC Yukon Denali Hybrid 2WD 2013 GMC Yukon Denali Hybrid 4WD 2013 Honda Insight 2013 Honda Civic Hybrid 2013 Honda Civic Hybrid w/ Nav 2013 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid 2013 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Limited 2013 Infiniti M35h 2014 Infiniti Q50 Hybrid Premium 2014 Infiniti Q50 Hybrid Premium AWD 2013 Kia Optima Hybrid 2013 Lexus ES 300h 2013 Lexus GS 450h 2013 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid 2013 Toyota Avalon Hybrid XLE Touring 2013 Toyota Avalon Hybrid Limited 2014 Toyota Camry Hybrid LE 2014 Toyota Camry Hybrid XLE 2013 Toyota Highlander Hybrid 4WD 2013 Toyota Prius c One 2013 Toyota Prius Two

464

A Development of Design and Control Methodology for Next Generation Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercially available Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) have been around for more than ten years. However, their market share remains small. Focusing only on the improvement of fuel economy, the design tends to reduce the size of the internal combustion engine in the HEV, and uses the electrical drive to compensate for the power gap between the load demand and the engine capacity. Unfortunately, the low power density and the high cost of the combined electric motor drive and battery packs dictate that the HEV has either worse performance or much higher price than the conventional vehicle. In this research, a new design philosophy for parallel HEV is proposed, which uses a full size engine to guarantee the vehicle performance at least as good as the conventional vehicle, and hybridizes with an electrical drive in parallel to improve the fuel economy and performance beyond the conventional cars. By analyzing the HEV fuel economy versus the increasing of the electrical drive power on typical driving conditions, the optimal hybridization electric power capacity is determined. Thus, the full size engine HEV shows significant improvement in fuel economy and performance, with relatively short cost recovery period. A new control strategy, which optimizes the fuel economy of parallel configured charge sustained hybrid electric vehicles, is proposed in the second part of this dissertation. This new approach is a constrained engine on-off strategy, which has been developed from the two extreme control strategies of maximum SOC and engine on-off, by taking their advantages and overcoming their disadvantages. A system optimization program using dynamic programming algorithm has been developed to calibrate the control parameters used in the developed control strategy, so that the control performance can be as close to the optimal solution as possible. In order to determine the sensitivity of the new control strategy to different driving conditions, a passenger car is simulated on different driving cycles. The performances of the vehicle with the new control strategy are compared with the optimal solution obtained on each driving condition with the dynamic programming optimization. The simulation result shows that the new control strategy always keeps its performance close to the optimal one, as the driving condition changes.

Lai, Lin

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Innovative hybrid gas/electric chiller cogeneration  

SciTech Connect

January Progress--A kick-off meeting was held in San Diego with Alturdyne on January 21st. The proposed hybrid gas/electric chiller/cogenerator design concept was discussed in detail. The requirements and functionality of the key component, a variable speed, constant frequency motor/generator was presented. Variations of the proposed design were also discussed based on their technical feasibility, cost and market potential. The discussion is documented in a Trip Report. February Progress--After significant GRI/Alturdyne discussion regarding alternative product design concepts, the team made a decision to continue with the proposed product design, a hybrid chiller capable of also providing emergency power. The primary benefits are: (a) the flexibility and operating cost savings associated with the product's dual fuel capability and (b) the emergency power feature. A variable speed, constant frequency motor/generator would significantly increase the cost of the product while providing marginal benefit. (The variable speed, constant frequency motor generator is estimated to cost $25,000 versus $4,000 for a constant speed version). In addition, the interconnection requirements to the electric grid would significantly limit market penetration of the product. We will proceed with a motor/generator design capable of serving as the electric prime mover for the compressor as well as the generator for emergency power needs. This component design is being discussed with two motor manufacturers. The first generation motor/generator will not be a variable speed, constant frequency design. The variable speed, constant frequency capability can be an advancement that is included at a later time. The induction motor/synchronous generator starts as a wound rotor motor with a brushless exciter and control electronics to switch between induction mode and synchronous mode. The exciter is a three-phase exciter with three phase rotating diode assembly. In the induction motor mode, the field windings are shorted out by SCRs located across the field. In the synchronous mode, a small ct on one of the exciter leads would power the rotating exciter electronics. Upon sensing exciter current, the electronics would automatically open the SCRs allowing synchronous operation. Quotes will be obtained from American Motor and Reuland, two motor/generator vendors. March Progress--A product layout was completed. The width is reduced significantly from the original hybrid design because the evaporator and condenser tube in shell heat exchangers are located below the engine/motor/compressor drive-line. Alturdyne is searching for a consultant to perform a drive-line torsional analysis. This analysis is necessary to ensure that the drive-line is not subject to undue vibrations operating through its entire speed range. Much effort was directed toward motor/generator selection. A decision was made to use Reuland Electric. A motor with double-end shafts will be purchased. The design effort which will be completed at Alturdyne will involve the modification of the wound rotor motor to also provide synchronous power. Work has been completed on developing the new controller which will be utilized for the original hybrid product as well as this advanced product. Work continues toward developing a manufacturing cost estimate. A detailed bill of material will be developed for the product. Key components include the engine, compressor and motor/generator.

Nowakowski, G.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

CONTROL ROD DRIVE MECHANISM FOR A NUCLEAR REACTOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A lead-screw-type control rod drive featuring an electric motor and a fluid motor arranged to provide a selectably alternative driving means is described. The electric motor serves to drive the control rod slowly during normal operation, while the fluid motor, assisted by an automatic declutching of the electric motor, affords high-speed rod insertion during a scram. (AEC)

Hawke, B.C.; Liederbach, F.J.; Lones, W.

1963-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

467

Pulsed hybrid field emitter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid emitter exploits the electric field created by a rapidly depoled ferroelectric material. Combining the emission properties of a planar thin film diamond emitter with a ferroelectric alleviates the present technological problems associated with both types of emitters and provides a robust, extremely long life, high current density cathode of the type required by emerging microwave power generation, accelerator technology and display applications. This new hybrid emitter is easy to fabricate and not susceptible to the same failures which plague microstructure field emitter technology. Local electrode geometries and electric field are determined independently from those for optimum transport and brightness preservation. Due to the large amount of surface charge created on the ferroelectric, the emitted electrons have significant energy, thus eliminating the requirement for specialized phosphors in emissive flat-panel displays. 11 figs.

Sampayan, S.E.

1998-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

468

Pulsed hybrid field emitter  

SciTech Connect

A hybrid emitter exploits the electric field created by a rapidly depoled ferroelectric material. Combining the emission properties of a planar thin film diamond emitter with a ferroelectric alleviates the present technological problems associated with both types of emitters and provides a robust, extremely long life, high current density cathode of the type required by emerging microwave power generation, accelerator technology and display applications. This new hybrid emitter is easy to fabricate and not susceptible to the same failures which plague microstructure field emitter technology. Local electrode geometries and electric field are determined independently from those for optimum transport and brightness preservation. Due to the large amount of surface charge created on the ferroelectric, the emitted electrons have significant energy, thus eliminating the requirement for specialized phosphors in emissive flat-panel displays.

Sampayan, Stephen E. (Manteca, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

United Nations Foundation (UNF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Nations Foundation (UNF) United Nations Foundation (UNF) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: United Nations Foundation Name United Nations Foundation Address 1800 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Suite 400 Place Washington, DC Zip 20036 Region Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Coordinates 38.90879°, -77.042271° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.90879,"lon":-77.042271,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

470

Good Energies (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Kingdom) United Kingdom) Name Good Energies (United Kingdom) Address 2-5 Old Bond Street Place London, United Kingdom Zip W1S 4PD Product Global investor in renewable energy and energy efficiency industries Year founded 2001 Phone number +44 20 7659 3300 Website http://www.goodenergies.com/ Coordinates 51.5083291°, -0.1403335° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.5083291,"lon":-0.1403335,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

471

Hybrid electroluminescent devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid electroluminescent (EL) device comprises at least one inorganic diode element and at least one organic EL element that are electrically connected in series. The absolute value of the breakdown voltage of the inorganic diode element is greater than the absolute value of the maximum reverse bias voltage across the series. The inorganic diode element can be a power diode, a Schottky barrier diode, or a light-emitting diode.

Shiang, Joseph John (Niskayuna, NY); Duggal, Anil Raj (Niskayuna, NY); Michael, Joseph Darryl (Schenectady, NY)

2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

472

Mirror hybrid reactors  

SciTech Connect

The fusion-fission hybrid is a combination of the fusion and fission processes, having features which are complementary. Fission energy is running out of readily available fuel, and fusion has extra neutrons which can be used to breed that fission fuel. Fusion would have to take on an extra burden of radioactivity, but this early application would give fusion, which does not work well enough now to make power, practical experience which may accelerate development of pure fusion.

Moir, R.W.

1978-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

473

Hybrid and electric advanced vehicle systems (heavy) simulation. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computer program to simulate hybrid and electric advanced vehicle systems (HEAVY) is described. It is intended for use early in the design process: concept evaluation, alternative comparison, preliminary design, control and management strategy development, component sizing, and sensitivity studies. It allows the designer to quickly, conveniently, and economically predict the performance of a proposed drive train. The user defines the system to be simulated using a library of predefined component models that may be connected to represent a wide variety of propulsion systems. The development of three models are discussed as examples.

Hammond, R.A.; McGehee, R.K.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Greenhouse gas emission impacts of electric vehicles under varying driving cycles in various counties and US cities  

SciTech Connect

Electric vehicles (EVs) can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, relative to emissions from gasoline-fueled vehicles. However, those studies have not considered all aspects that determine greenhouse gas emissions from both gasoline vehicles (GVs) and EVs. Aspects often overlooked include variations in vehicle trip characteristics, inclusion of all greenhouse gases, and vehicle total fuel cycle. In this paper, we estimate greenhouse gas emission reductions for EVs, including these important aspects. We select four US cities (Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Washington, D.C.) and six countries (Australia, France, Japan, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and analyze greenhouse emission impacts of EVs in each city or country. We also select six driving cycles developed around the world (i.e., the US federal urban driving cycle, the Economic Community of Europe cycle 15, the Japanese 10-mode cycle, the Los Angeles 92 cycle, the New York City cycle, and the Sydney cycle). Note that we have not analyzed EVs in high-speed driving (e.g., highway driving), where the results would be less favorable to EVs; here, EVs are regarded as urban vehicles only. We choose one specific driving cycle for a given city or country and estimate the energy consumption of four-passenger compact electric and gasoline cars in the given city or country. Finally, we estimate total fuel cycle greenhouse gas emissions of both GVs and EVs by accounting for emissions from primary energy recovery, transportation, and processing; energy product transportation; and powerplant and vehicle operations.

Wang, M.Q.; Marr, W.W.

1994-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

475

High efficiency compressor uses direct drive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article focuses on the high efficiency of a compressor which uses only direct drive. This compressor was evaluated by judges and won Top Honors in the 1982 Chemical Processing magazine Vaaler Awards category of compressors, blowers and fans. Applications for the compressor include combustion air, process air and gas booster, incineration, fermentation, and vacuum filtration systems. In addition to a 50% reduction in power comsumption, the use of the compressor eliminated the need for a water seal, thus saving 200 gpm of water. And, since the elimination of the water seal reduced the necessary downtime for seal maintenance, on stream time was increased by 5%.

Not Available

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Oscillatory nonhmic current drive for maintaining a plasma current  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method of the invention maintain a plasma current with an oscillatory nonohmic current drive. Each cycle of operation has a generation period in which current driving energy is applied to the plasma, and a relaxation period in which current driving energy is removed. Plasma parameters, such as plasma temperature or plasma average ionic charge state, are modified during the generation period so as to oscillate plasma resistivity in synchronism with the application of current driving energy. The invention improves overall current drive efficiencies.

Fisch, Nathaniel J. (Princeton, NJ)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Oscillatory nonohomic current drive for maintaining a plasma current  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and methods are described for maintaining a plasma current with an oscillatory nonohmic current drive. Each cycle of operation has a generation period in which current driving energy is applied to the plasma, and a relaxation period in which current driving energy is removed. Plasma parameters, such as plasma temperature or plasma average ionic charge state, are modified during the generation period so as to oscillate plasma resistivity in synchronism with the application of current driving energy. The invention improves overall current drive efficiencies.

Fisch, N.J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Adjustable speed drives: Applications and R&D needs  

SciTech Connect

The largest opportunity for the growth of adjustable speed drives (ASDs) during the next 5-6 years is in pump, fan and compressor (PFC) applications where a constant, fixed speed operation is converted to adjustable speed in order to realize energy savings. Inverter supplied induction motors are and will continue to be predominately used in these applications. Over the long term (10-15 years), the greatest ASD growth is expected in large volume consumer applications: first in hybrid electric vehicles (EVs) and in residential heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC). Both induction and a variety of AC Permanent Magnet motors are expected to be the dominant technology in this new field. The traditional ASD applications in industries which require adjustable speed (such as machine tools, robotics, steel rolling, extruders, paper mill finishing lines, etc.) offer a relatively limited potential for above average ASD growth since most of these applications have already converted to electronic speed control. As a result, ASD growth in this sector will essentially track the growth of the corresponding industries. If realized, both short and long term ASD growth opportunities will result in significant advancements of ASD technology, which will then substantially affect all other, more fragmented, ASD applications. In fact, any single large volume ASD application will serve as a catalyst for improving ASD characteristics in all other ASD applications with the same voltage rating. ASD cost and reliability (defined in the context of application compatibility) are the two most important factors which will determine whether the ASD growth opportunities are realized. Conversely, any technological improvement which carries a cost increase will be restricted to niche applications, at best. Consequently, future R & D efforts should be directed to secure reduction in ASD cost and improvement in ASD reliability. A specific action plan is outlined in this report.

Stefanovic, V.R.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Hybrid2: The hybrid power system simulation model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There is a large-scale need and desire for energy in remote communities, especially in the developing world; however the lack of a user friendly, flexible performance prediction model for hybrid power systems incorporating renewables hindered the analysis of hybrids (including wind turbines, PV, diesel generators, AC/DC energy storage) as options to conventional solutions. A user friendly model was needed with the versatility to simulate the many system locations, widely varying hardware configurations, and differing control options for potential hybrid power systems. To meet these ends, NREL and U. Mass. researchers developed the Hybrid2 software. This paper provides an overview of the capabilities, features, and functionality of the Hybrid2 code, discusses its validation and future plans. Model availability and technical support provided to Hybrid2 users are also discussed.

Baring-Gould, E I; Green, H J; van Dijk, V A.P. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Manwell, J F [Massachusetts Univ., Amherst, MA (United States). Renewable Energy Research Lab.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Upgrade Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborho