Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Human Reliability Program Overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation covers the high points of the Human Reliability Program, including certification/decertification, critical positions, due process, organizational structure, program components, personnel security, an overview of the US DOE reliability program, retirees and academia, and security program integration.

Bodin, Michael

2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

2

Human Reliability | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Human Reliability SHARE Human Reliability The Structured Trusted Employee Program (STEP) Evaluation is an example of a method for identifying, assessing, and retaining reliable and...

3

Human Reliability Program Workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Human Reliability Program (HRP) is designed to protect national security as well as worker and public safety by continuously evaluating the reliability of those who have access to sensitive materials, facilities, and programs. Some elements of a site HRP include systematic (1) supervisory reviews, (2) medical and psychological assessments, (3) management evaluations, (4) personnel security reviews, and (4) training of HRP staff and critical positions. Over the years of implementing an HRP, the Department of Energy (DOE) has faced various challenges and overcome obstacles. During this 4-day activity, participants will examine programs that mitigate threats to nuclear security and the insider threat to include HRP, Nuclear Security Culture (NSC) Enhancement, and Employee Assistance Programs. The focus will be to develop an understanding of the need for a systematic HRP and to discuss challenges and best practices associated with mitigating the insider threat.

Landers, John; Rogers, Erin; Gerke, Gretchen

2014-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

4

Lessons Learned on Benchmarking from the International Human Reliability Analysis Empirical Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) Empirical Study is a comparative benchmark of the prediction of HRA methods to the performance of nuclear power plant crews in a control room simulator. There are a number of unique aspects to the present study that distinguish it from previous HRA benchmarks, most notably the emphasis on a method-to-data comparison instead of a method-to-method comparison. This paper reviews seven lessons learned about HRA benchmarking from conducting the study: (1) the dual purposes of the study afforded by joining another HRA study; (2) the importance of comparing not only quantitative but also qualitative aspects of HRA; (3) consideration of both negative and positive drivers on crew performance; (4) a relatively large sample size of crews; (5) the use of multiple methods and scenarios to provide a well-rounded view of HRA performance; (6) the importance of clearly defined human failure events; and (7) the use of a common comparison language to “translate” the results of different HRA methods. These seven lessons learned highlight how the present study can serve as a useful template for future benchmarking studies.

Ronald L. Boring; John A. Forester; Andreas Bye; Vinh N. Dang; Erasmia Lois

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Culture Representation in Human Reliability Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding human-system response is critical to being able to plan and predict mission success in the modern battlespace. Commonly, human reliability analysis has been used to predict failures of human performance in complex, critical systems. However, most human reliability methods fail to take culture into account. This paper takes an easily understood state of the art human reliability analysis method and extends that method to account for the influence of culture, including acceptance of new technology, upon performance. The cultural parameters used to modify the human reliability analysis were determined from two standard industry approaches to cultural assessment: Hofstede’s (1991) cultural factors and Davis’ (1989) technology acceptance model (TAM). The result is called the Culture Adjustment Method (CAM). An example is presented that (1) reviews human reliability assessment with and without cultural attributes for a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system attack, (2) demonstrates how country specific information can be used to increase the realism of HRA modeling, and (3) discusses the differences in human error probability estimates arising from cultural differences.

David Gertman; Julie Marble; Steven Novack

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Individual Differences in Human Reliability Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While human reliability analysis (HRA) methods include uncertainty in quantification, the nominal model of human error in HRA typically assumes that operator performance does not vary significantly when they are given the same initiating event, indicators, procedures, and training, and that any differences in operator performance are simply aleatory (i.e., random). While this assumption generally holds true when performing routine actions, variability in operator response has been observed in multiple studies, especially in complex situations that go beyond training and procedures. As such, complexity can lead to differences in operator performance (e.g., operator understanding and decision-making). Furthermore, psychological research has shown that there are a number of known antecedents (i.e., attributable causes) that consistently contribute to observable and systematically measurable (i.e., not random) differences in behavior. This paper reviews examples of individual differences taken from operational experience and the psychological literature. The impact of these differences in human behavior and their implications for HRA are then discussed. We propose that individual differences should not be treated as aleatory, but rather as epistemic. Ultimately, by understanding the sources of individual differences, it is possible to remove some epistemic uncertainty from analyses.

Jeffrey C. Joe; Ronald L. Boring

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Human Reliability Analysis for Digital Human-Machine Interfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses the fact that existing human reliability analysis (HRA) methods do not provide guidance on digital human-machine interfaces (HMIs). Digital HMIs are becoming ubiquitous in nuclear power operations, whether through control room modernization or new-build control rooms. Legacy analog technologies like instrumentation and control (I&C) systems are costly to support, and vendors no longer develop or support analog technology, which is considered technologically obsolete. Yet, despite the inevitability of digital HMI, no current HRA method provides guidance on how to treat human reliability considerations for digital technologies.

Ronald L. Boring

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Advancing Usability Evaluation through Human Reliability Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper introduces a novel augmentation to the current heuristic usability evaluation methodology. The SPAR-H human reliability analysis method was developed for categorizing human performance in nuclear power plants. Despite the specialized use of SPAR-H for safety critical scenarios, the method also holds promise for use in commercial off-the-shelf software usability evaluations. The SPAR-H method shares task analysis underpinnings with human-computer interaction, and it can be easily adapted to incorporate usability heuristics as performance shaping factors. By assigning probabilistic modifiers to heuristics, it is possible to arrive at the usability error probability (UEP). This UEP is not a literal probability of error but nonetheless provides a quantitative basis to heuristic evaluation. When combined with a consequence matrix for usability errors, this method affords ready prioritization of usability issues.

Ronald L. Boring; David I. Gertman

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Human Reliability Analysis for Small Modular Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because no human reliability analysis (HRA) method was specifically developed for small modular reactors (SMRs), the application of any current HRA method to SMRs represents tradeoffs. A first- generation HRA method like THERP provides clearly defined activity types, but these activity types do not map to the human-system interface or concept of operations confronting SMR operators. A second- generation HRA method like ATHEANA is flexible enough to be used for SMR applications, but there is currently insufficient guidance for the analyst, requiring considerably more first-of-a-kind analyses and extensive SMR expertise in order to complete a quality HRA. Although no current HRA method is optimized to SMRs, it is possible to use existing HRA methods to identify errors, incorporate them as human failure events in the probabilistic risk assessment (PRA), and quantify them. In this paper, we provided preliminary guidance to assist the human reliability analyst and reviewer in understanding how to apply current HRA methods to the domain of SMRs. While it is possible to perform a satisfactory HRA using existing HRA methods, ultimately it is desirable to formally incorporate SMR considerations into the methods. This may require the development of new HRA methods. More practicably, existing methods need to be adapted to incorporate SMRs. Such adaptations may take the form of guidance on the complex mapping between conventional light water reactors and small modular reactors. While many behaviors and activities are shared between current plants and SMRs, the methods must adapt if they are to perform a valid and accurate analysis of plant personnel performance in SMRs.

Ronald L. Boring; David I. Gertman

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Issues in benchmarking human reliability analysis methods : a literature review.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is a diversity of human reliability analysis (HRA) methods available for use in assessing human performance within probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). Due to the significant differences in the methods, including the scope, approach, and underlying models, there is a need for an empirical comparison investigating the validity and reliability of the methods. To accomplish this empirical comparison, a benchmarking study is currently underway that compares HRA methods with each other and against operator performance in simulator studies. In order to account for as many effects as possible in the construction of this benchmarking study, a literature review was conducted, reviewing past benchmarking studies in the areas of psychology and risk assessment. A number of lessons learned through these studies are presented in order to aid in the design of future HRA benchmarking endeavors.

Lois, Erasmia (US Nuclear Regulatory Commission); Forester, John Alan; Tran, Tuan Q. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt; Boring, Ronald L. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

HUMAN RELIABILITY ANALYSIS FOR COMPUTERIZED PROCEDURES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides a characterization of human reliability analysis (HRA) issues for computerized procedures in nuclear power plant control rooms. It is beyond the scope of this paper to propose a new HRA approach or to recommend specific methods or refinements to those methods. Rather, this paper provides a review of HRA as applied to traditional paper-based procedures, followed by a discussion of what specific factors should additionally be considered in HRAs for computerized procedures. Performance shaping factors and failure modes unique to computerized procedures are highlighted. Since there is no definitive guide to HRA for paper-based procedures, this paper also serves to clarify the existing guidance on paper-based procedures before delving into the unique aspects of computerized procedures.

Ronald L. Boring; David I. Gertman; Katya Le Blanc

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

The SACADA database for human reliability and human performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lack of appropriate and sufficient human performance data has been identified as a key factor affecting human reliability analysis (HRA) quality especially in the estimation of human error probability (HEP). The Scenario Authoring, Characterization, and Debriefing Application (SACADA) database was developed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to address this data need. An agreement between NRC and the South Texas Project Nuclear Operating Company (STPNOC) was established to support the SACADA development with aims to make the SACADA tool suitable for implementation in the nuclear power plants' operator training program to collect operator performance information. The collected data would support the STPNOC's operator training program and be shared with the NRC for improving HRA quality. This paper discusses the SACADA data taxonomy, the theoretical foundation, the prospective data to be generated from the SACADA raw data to inform human reliability and human performance, and the considerations on the use of simulator data for HRA. Each SACADA data point consists of two information segments: context and performance results. Context is a characterization of the performance challenges to task success. The performance results are the results of performing the task. The data taxonomy uses a macrocognitive functions model for the framework. At a high level, information is classified according to the macrocognitive functions of detecting the plant abnormality, understanding the abnormality, deciding the response plan, executing the response plan, and team related aspects (i.e., communication, teamwork, and supervision). The data are expected to be useful for analyzing the relations between context, error modes and error causes in human performance.

Y. James Chang; Dennis Bley; Lawrence Criscione; Barry Kirwan; Ali Mosleh; Todd Madary; Rodney Nowell; Robert Richards; Emilie M. Roth; Scott Sieben; Antonios Zoulis

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Procedure for conducting a human-reliability analysis for nuclear power plants. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes in detail a procedure to be followed in conducting a human reliability analysis as part of a probabilistic risk assessment when such an analysis is performed according to the methods described in NUREG/CR-1278, Handbook for Human Reliability Analysis with Emphasis on Nuclear Power Plant Applications. An overview of the procedure describing the major elements of a human reliability analysis is presented along with a detailed description of each element and an example of an actual analysis. An appendix consists of some sample human reliability analysis problems for further study.

Bell, B.J.; Swain, A.D.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

E-Print Network 3.0 - actions human reliability Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

human reliability Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: actions human reliability Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Reformulating Human...

15

Qualitative human reliability analysis for spent fuel handling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Human reliability analysis (HRA) methods have been developed primarily to provide information for use in probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) that analyze nuclear power plant (NPP) operations. Given the original emphasis of these methods, it is understandable that many HRAs have not ventured far from NPP control room applications. Despite this historical focus on the control room, there has been growing interest and discussion regarding the application of HRA methods to other NPP activities such as spent fuel handling (SFH) or operations in different types of facilities. One recently developed HRA method, 'A Technique for Human Event Analysis' (ATHEANA) has been proposed as a promising candidate for diverse applications due to its particular approach for systematically uncovering the dynamic, contextual conditions influencing human performance. This paper describes one successful test of this proposition by presenting portions of a recently completed project in which a scoping study was performed to accomplish the following goals: (1) investigate what should be included in a qualitative HRA for spent fuel and cask handling operations; and (2) demonstrate that the ATHEANA HRA technique can be usefully applied to these operations. The preliminary, scoping qualitative HRA examined, in a generic manner, how human performance of SFH and dry cask storage operations (DCSOs) can plausibly lead to radiological consequences that impact the public and the environment. The study involved the performance of typical, qualitative HRA tasks such as collecting relevant information and the preliminary identification of human failure events or unsafe actions, relevant influences (e.g., performance shaping factors, other contextual factors), event scenario development and categorization of human failure event (HFE) scenario groupings. Information from relevant literature sources was augmented with subject matter expert interviews and analysis of an edited video of selected operations. Elements of NUREG-1792, Good Practices for Implementing Human Reliability Analyses (HRA) and NUREG-1624, Rev. 1, Technical Basis and Implementation Guidelines for A Technique for Human Event Analysis (ATHEANA) formed critical parts of the technical basis for the preliminary analysis. Mis-loading of spent fuel into a cask and dropping of a loaded cask were the two human failure event groupings of primary interest, although all human performance aspects of DCSOs were considered to some extent. Of important note is that HRA is typically performed in the context of a plant-specific PRA study. This analysis was performed without the benefit of the context provided by a larger PRA study, nor was it plant specific, and so it investigated only generic HRA issues relevant to SFH. However, the improved understanding of human performance issues provided by the study will likely enhance the ability to carry out a detailed qualitative HRA for a specific NPP at some point in the future. Furthermore, support was obtained regarding the potential for applying ATHEANA beyond NPP settings. This paper provides a description of the process followed during the analysis, a description of the HFE scenario groupings, discussion regarding general human performance vulnerabilities, and a detailed examination of one HFE scenario developed in the study. (authors)

Brewer, J. D. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185-0748 (United States); Amico, P. [Science Applications International Corporation (United States); Cooper, S. E. [United Stated Nuclear Regulatory Commission (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Nuclear Power - Control, Reliability and Human Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Instrumentation and Control 49 H.M. Hashemian Chapter 4 Design Considerations for the Implementation of a Mobile IP Telephony System in a Nuclear Power Plant 67 J. Garc?a-Hern?ndez, J. C. Vel?zquez- Hern?ndez, C. F. Garc?a-Hern?ndez and M. A. Vallejo-Alarc?n... Reliability K s e n i i a Sapoz h n i k o v a and Roald Tayma n o v D.I.Mendeleyev Institute for Metrology, Russia 1. Introduction At present, a great number of embedded sens o r devi c es provi d e monito r i n g of operat i n g condi t io n...

17

MODELING HUMAN RELIABILITY ANALYSIS USING MIDAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes an emerging collaboration between Idaho National Laboratory and NASA Ames Research Center regarding the utilization of high-fidelity MIDAS simulations for modeling control room crew performance at nuclear power plants. The key envisioned uses for MIDAS-based control room simulations are: (i) the estimation of human error with novel control room equipment and configurations, (ii) the investigative determination of risk significance in recreating past event scenarios involving control room operating crews, and (iii) the certification of novel staffing levels in control rooms. It is proposed that MIDAS serves as a key component for the effective modeling of risk in next generation control rooms.

Ronald L. Boring; Donald D. Dudenhoeffer; Bruce P. Hallbert; Brian F. Gore

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Fifty Years of THERP and Human Reliability Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1962 at a Human Factors Society symposium, Alan Swain presented a paper introducing a Technique for Human Error Rate Prediction (THERP). This was followed in 1963 by a Sandia Laboratories monograph outlining basic human error quantification using THERP and, in 1964, by a special journal edition of Human Factors on quantification of human performance. Throughout the 1960s, Swain and his colleagues focused on collecting human performance data for the Sandia Human Error Rate Bank (SHERB), primarily in connection with supporting the reliability of nuclear weapons assembly in the US. In 1969, Swain met with Jens Rasmussen of Risř National Laboratory and discussed the applicability of THERP to nuclear power applications. By 1975, in WASH-1400, Swain had articulated the use of THERP for nuclear power applications, and the approach was finalized in the watershed publication of the NUREG/CR-1278 in 1983. THERP is now 50 years old, and remains the most well known and most widely used HRA method. In this paper, the author discusses the history of THERP, based on published reports and personal communication and interviews with Swain. The author also outlines the significance of THERP. The foundations of human reliability analysis are found in THERP: human failure events, task analysis, performance shaping factors, human error probabilities, dependence, event trees, recovery, and pre- and post-initiating events were all introduced in THERP. While THERP is not without its detractors, and it is showing signs of its age in the face of newer technological applications, the longevity of THERP is a testament of its tremendous significance. THERP started the field of human reliability analysis. This paper concludes with a discussion of THERP in the context of newer methods, which can be seen as extensions of or departures from Swain’s pioneering work.

Ronald L. Boring

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

DOE Human Reliability Program Removals Report 2004-2006  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents results of the comprehensive data analysis and assessment of all U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) facilities that have positions requiring workers to be certified in the Human Reliability Program (HRP). Those facilities include: Albuquerque, Amarillo, DOE Headquarters, Hanford, Idaho, Nevada, Oak Ridge, Oakland, and Savannah River. The HRP was established to ensure, through continuous review and evaluation, the reliability of individuals who have access to the DOE’s most sensitive facilities, materials, and information.

Center for Human Reliability Studies

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

IDHEAS – A NEW APPROACH FOR HUMAN RELIABILITY ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a method, IDHEAS (Integrated Decision-Tree Human Event Analysis System) that has been developed jointly by the US NRC and EPRI as an improved approach to Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) that is based on an understanding of the cognitive mechanisms and performance influencing factors (PIFs) that affect operator responses. The paper describes the various elements of the method, namely the performance of a detailed cognitive task analysis that is documented in a crew response tree (CRT), and the development of the associated time-line to identify the critical tasks, i.e. those whose failure results in a human failure event (HFE), and an approach to quantification that is based on explanations of why the HFE might occur.

G. W. Parry; J.A Forester; V.N. Dang; S. M. L. Hendrickson; M. Presley; E. Lois; J. Xing

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Current Human Reliability Analysis Methods Applied to Computerized Procedures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Computerized procedures (CPs) are an emerging technology within nuclear power plant control rooms. While CPs have been implemented internationally in advanced control rooms, to date no US nuclear power plant has implemented CPs in its main control room (Fink et al., 2009). Yet, CPs are a reality of new plant builds and are an area of considerable interest to existing plants, which see advantages in terms of enhanced ease of use and easier records management by omitting the need for updating hardcopy procedures. The overall intent of this paper is to provide a characterization of human reliability analysis (HRA) issues for computerized procedures. It is beyond the scope of this document to propose a new HRA approach or to recommend specific methods or refinements to those methods. Rather, this paper serves as a review of current HRA as it may be used for the analysis and review of computerized procedures.

Ronald L. Boring

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

EPRI/NRC-RES fire human reliability analysis guidelines.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the 1990s, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) developed methods for fire risk analysis to support its utility members in the preparation of responses to Generic Letter 88-20, Supplement 4, 'Individual Plant Examination - External Events' (IPEEE). This effort produced a Fire Risk Assessment methodology for operations at power that was used by the majority of U.S. nuclear power plants (NPPs) in support of the IPEEE program and several NPPs overseas. Although these methods were acceptable for accomplishing the objectives of the IPEEE, EPRI and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) recognized that they required upgrades to support current requirements for risk-informed, performance-based (RI/PB) applications. In 2001, EPRI and the USNRC's Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES) embarked on a cooperative project to improve the state-of-the-art in fire risk assessment to support a new risk-informed environment in fire protection. This project produced a consensus document, NUREG/CR-6850 (EPRI 1011989), entitled 'Fire PRA Methodology for Nuclear Power Facilities' which addressed fire risk for at power operations. NUREG/CR-6850 developed high level guidance on the process for identification and inclusion of human failure events (HFEs) into the fire PRA (FPRA), and a methodology for assigning quantitative screening values to these HFEs. It outlined the initial considerations of performance shaping factors (PSFs) and related fire effects that may need to be addressed in developing best-estimate human error probabilities (HEPs). However, NUREG/CR-6850 did not describe a methodology to develop best-estimate HEPs given the PSFs and the fire-related effects. In 2007, EPRI and RES embarked on another cooperative project to develop explicit guidance for estimating HEPs for human failure events under fire generated conditions, building upon existing human reliability analysis (HRA) methods. This document provides a methodology and guidance for conducting a fire HRA. This process includes identification and definition of post-fire human failure events, qualitative analysis, quantification, recovery, dependency, and uncertainty. This document provides three approaches to quantification: screening, scoping, and detailed HRA. Screening is based on the guidance in NUREG/CR-6850, with some additional guidance for scenarios with long time windows. Scoping is a new approach to quantification developed specifically to support the iterative nature of fire PRA quantification. Scoping is intended to provide less conservative HEPs than screening, but requires fewer resources than a detailed HRA analysis. For detailed HRA quantification, guidance has been developed on how to apply existing methods to assess post-fire fire HEPs.

Lewis, Stuart R. (Electric Power Research Institute, Charlotte, NC); Cooper, Susan E. (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD); Najafi, Bijan (SAIC, Campbell, CA); Collins, Erin (SAIC, Campbell, CA); Hannaman, Bill (SAIC, Campbell, CA); Kohlhepp, Kaydee (Scientech, Tukwila, WA); Grobbelaar, Jan (Scientech, Tukwila, WA); Hill, Kendra (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD); Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt; Forester, John Alan; Julius, Jeff (Scientech, Tukwila, WA)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Dynamic Human Reliability Analysis: Benefits and Challenges of Simulating Human Performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To date, there has been considerable work on dynamic event trees and other areas related to dynamic probabilistic safety assessment (PSA). The counterpart to these efforts in human reliability analysis (HRA) has centered on the development of specific methods to account for the dynamic nature of human performance. In this paper, the author posits that the key to dynamic HRA is not in the development of specific methods but in the utilization of cognitive modeling and simulation to produce a framework of data that may be used in quantifying the likelihood of human error. This paper provides an overview of simulation approaches to HRA; reviews differences between first, second, and dynamic generation HRA; and outlines potential benefits and challenges of this approach.

R. L. Boring

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Thermal Reliability Study of Bypass Diodes in Photovoltaic Modules (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the result of high-temperature durability and thermal cycling testing and analysis for the selected diodes to study the detail of the thermal design and relative long-term reliability of the bypass diodes used to limit the detrimental effects of module hot-spot susceptibility.

Zhang, Z.; Wohlgemuth, J.; Kurtz, S.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

2014 Human Reliability Program Workshop | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3 Beryllium-Associated Worker2014 House Nuclear Cleanup Caucus Oak Ridge AugustHuman

26

Human Reliability Program (HRP) - HPMC Occupational Health Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinement plasmas inPortalAllBPAHydrazide Chemistry, and MassHuman

27

Using Information from Operating Experience to Inform Human Reliability Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on efforts being sponsored by the U.S. NRC and performed by INEEL to develop a technical basis and perform work to extract information from sources for use in HRA. The objectives of this work are to: 1) develop a method for conducting risk-informed event analysis of human performance information that stems from operating experience at nuclear power plants and for compiling and documenting the results in a structured manner; 2) provide information from these analyses for use in risk-informed and performance-based regulatory activities; 3) create methods for information extraction and a repository for this information that, likewise, support HRA methods and their applications.

Bruce P. Hallbert; David I. Gertman; Julie Marble; Erasmia Lois; Nathan Siu

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Handbook of human-reliability analysis with emphasis on nuclear power plant applications. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary purpose of the Handbook is to present methods, models, and estimated human error probabilities (HEPs) to enable qualified analysts to make quantitative or qualitative assessments of occurrences of human errors in nuclear power plants (NPPs) that affect the availability or operational reliability of engineered safety features and components. The Handbook is intended to provide much of the modeling and information necessary for the performance of human reliability analysis (HRA) as a part of probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) of NPPs. Although not a design guide, a second purpose of the Handbook is to enable the user to recognize error-likely equipment design, plant policies and practices, written procedures, and other human factors problems so that improvements can be considered. The Handbook provides the methodology to identify and quantify the potential for human error in NPP tasks.

Swain, A D; Guttmann, H E

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Microworlds, Simulators, and Simulation: Framework for a Benchmark of Human Reliability Data Sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a method to improve the data basis of human reliability analysis (HRA) by extending the data sources used to inform HRA methods. Currently, most HRA methods are based on limited empirical data, and efforts to enhance the empirical basis behind HRA methods have not yet yielded significant new data. Part of the reason behind this shortage of quality data is attributable to the data sources used. Data have been derived from unrelated industries, from infrequent risk-significant events, or from costly control room simulator studies. We propose a benchmark of four data sources: a simplified microworld simulator using unskilled student operators, a full-scope control room simulator using skilled student operators, a full-scope control room simulator using licensed commercial operators, and a human performance modeling and simulation system using virtual operators. The goal of this research is to compare findings across the data sources to determine to what extent data may be used and generalized from cost effective sources.

Ronald Boring; Dana Kelly; Carol Smidts; Ali Mosleh; Brian Dyre

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Crucial role of detailed function, task, timeline, link and human vulnerability analyses in HRA. [Human Reliability Analysis (HRA)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses one major cause for large uncertainties in human reliability analysis (HRA) results, that is, an absence of detailed function, task, timeline, link and human vulnerability analyses. All too often this crucial step in the HRA process is done in a cursory fashion using word of mouth or written procedures which themselves may incompletely or inaccurately represent the human action sequences and human error vulnerabilities being analyzed. The paper examines the potential contributions these detailed analyses can make in achieving quantitative and qualitative HRA results which are: (1) creditable, that is, minimize uncertainty, (2) auditable, that is, systematically linking quantitative results and qualitative information from which the results are derived, (3) capable of supporting root cause analyses on human reliability factors determined to be major contributors to risk, and (4) capable of repeated measures and being combined with similar results from other analyses to examine HRA issues transcending individual systems and facilities. Based on experience analyzing test and commercial nuclear reactors, and medical applications of nuclear technology, an iterative process is suggested for doing detailed function, task, timeline, link and human vulnerability analyses using documentation reviews, open-ended and structured interviews, direct observations, and group techniques. Finally, the paper concludes that detailed analyses done in this manner by knowledgeable human factors practitioners, can contribute significantly to the credibility, auditability, causal factor analysis, and combining goals of the HRA.

Ryan, T.G.; Haney, L.N.; Ostrom, L.T.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

The NUCLARR databank: Human reliability and hardware failure data for the nuclear power industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the sponsorship of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), the Nuclear Computerized Library for Assessing Reactor Reliability (NUCLARR) was developed to provide human reliability and hardware failure data to analysts in the nuclear power industry. This IBM-compatible databank is contained on a set of floppy diskettes which include data files and a menu-driven system for locating, reviewing, sorting, and retrieving the data. NUCLARR contains over 2500 individual data records, drawn from more, than 60 sources. The system is upgraded annually, to include additional human error and hardware component failure data and programming enhancements (i.e., increased user-friendliness). NUCLARR is available from the NRC through project staff at the INEL.

Reece, W.J.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Human Reliability Program 10 CFR, part 712 Subpart B Medical Standards  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

HRP Policy is the responsibility of the Office of Departmental Personnel Security Policy (HS-1.4). The Office of Worker Safety and Health Assistance (HS-12), has responsibility within the DOE Human Reliability Programs (HRP) to ensure appropriate policies and procedures are in place and used at HQ and the DOE sites to monitor HRP-designated worker's health and fitness-for-duty.

33

Bridging Human Reliability Analysis and Psychology, Part 2: A Cognitive Framework to Support HRA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the second of two papers that discuss the literature review conducted as part of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) effort to develop a hybrid human reliability analysis (HRA) method in response to Staff Requirements Memorandum (SRM) SRM-M061020. This review was conducted with the goal of strengthening the technical basis within psychology, cognitive science and human factors for the hybrid HRA method being proposed. An overview of the literature review approach and high-level structure is provided in the first paper, whereas this paper presents the results of the review. The psychological literature review encompassed research spanning the entirety of human cognition and performance, and consequently produced an extensive list of psychological processes, mechanisms, and factors that contribute to human performance. To make sense of this large amount of information, the results of the literature review were organized into a cognitive framework that identifies causes of failure of macrocognition in humans, and connects those proximate causes to psychological mechanisms and performance influencing factors (PIFs) that can lead to the failure. This cognitive framework can serve as a tool to inform HRA. Beyond this, however, the cognitive framework has the potential to also support addressing human performance issues identified in Human Factors applications.

April M. Whaley; Stacey M. L. Hendrickson; Ronald L. Boring; Jing Xing

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

How Many Performance Shaping Factors are Necessary for Human Reliability Analysis?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been argued that human reliability analysis (HRA) has expended considerable energy on creating detailed representations of human performance through an increasingly long list of performance shaping factors (PSFs). It is not clear, however, to what extent this refinement and expansion of PSFs has enhanced the quality of HRA. Indeed, there is considerable range in the number of PSFs provided by individual HRA methods, ranging from single factor models such as time-reliability curves, up to 50 or more PSFs in some current HRA models. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission advocates 15 PSFs in its HRA Good Practices (NUREG-1792), while its SPAR-H method (NUREG/CR-6883) espouses the use of eight PSFs and its ATHEANA method (NUREG-1624) features an open-ended number of PSFs. The apparent differences in the optimal number of PSFs can be explained in terms of the diverse functions of PSFs in HRA. The purpose of this paper is to explore the role of PSFs across different stages of HRA, including identification of potential human errors, modeling of these errors into an overall probabilistic risk assessment, quantifying errors, and preventing errors.

Ronald L. Boring

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

HUMAN RELIABILITY ANALYSIS FOR COMPUTERIZED PROCEDURES, PART TWO: APPLICABILITY OF CURRENT METHODS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Computerized procedures (CPs) are an emerging technology within nuclear power plant control rooms. While CPs have been implemented internationally in advanced control rooms, to date no U.S. nuclear power plant has implemented CPs in its main control room. Yet, CPs are a reality of new plant builds and are an area of considerable interest to existing plants, which see advantages in terms of easier records management by omitting the need for updating hardcopy procedures. The overall intent of this paper is to provide a characterization of human reliability analysis (HRA) issues for computerized procedures. It is beyond the scope of this document to propose a new HRA approach or to recommend specific methods or refinements to those methods. Rather, this paper serves as a review of current HRA as it may be used for the analysis and review of computerized procedures.

Ronald L. Boring; David I. Gertman

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE TREATMENT OF COMPUTERIZED PROCEDURES IN HUMAN RELIABILITY ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Computerized procedures (CPs) are an emerging technology within nuclear power plant control rooms. While CPs have been implemented internationally in advanced control rooms, to date no US nuclear power plant has implemented CPs in its main control room. Yet, CPs are a reality of new plant builds and are an area of considerable interest to existing plants, which see advantages in terms of easier records management by omitting the need for updating hardcopy procedures. The overall intent of this paper is to provide a characterization of human reliability analysis (HRA) issues for computerized procedures. It is beyond the scope of this document to propose a new HRA approach or to recommend specific methods or refinements to those methods. Rather, this paper serves as a review of current HRA as it may be used for the analysis and review of computerized procedures.

Ronald L. Boring; David I. Gertman

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Final report for CCS cross-layer reliability visioning study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The geometric rate of improvement of transistor size and integrated circuit performance known as Moore's Law has been an engine of growth for our economy, enabling new products and services, creating new value and wealth, increasing safety, and removing menial tasks from our daily lives. Affordable, highly integrated components have enabled both life-saving technologies and rich entertainment applications. Anti-lock brakes, insulin monitors, and GPS-enabled emergency response systems save lives. Cell phones, internet appliances, virtual worlds, realistic video games, and mp3 players enrich our lives and connect us together. Over the past 40 years of silicon scaling, the increasing capabilities of inexpensive computation have transformed our society through automation and ubiquitous communications. Looking forward, increasing unpredictability threatens our ability to continue scaling integrated circuits at Moore's Law rates. As the transistors and wires that make up integrated circuits become smaller, they display both greater differences in behavior among devices designed to be identical and greater vulnerability to transient and permanent faults. Conventional design techniques expend energy to tolerate this unpredictability by adding safety margins to a circuit's operating voltage, clock frequency or charge stored per bit. However, the rising energy costs needed to compensate for increasing unpredictability are rapidly becoming unacceptable in today's environment where power consumption is often the limiting factor on integrated circuit performance and energy efficiency is a national concern. Reliability and energy consumption are both reaching key inflection points that, together, threaten to reduce or end the benefits of feature size reduction. To continue beneficial scaling, we must use a cross-layer, Jull-system-design approach to reliability. Unlike current systems, which charge every device a substantial energy tax in order to guarantee correct operation in spite of rare events, such as one high-threshold transistor in a billion or one erroneous gate evaluation in an hour of computation, cross-layer reliability schemes make reliability management a cooperative effort across the system stack, sharing information across layers so that they only expend energy on reliability when an error actually occurs. Figure 1 illustrates an example of such a system that uses a combination of information from the application and cheap architecture-level techniques to detect errors. When an error occurs, mechanisms at higher levels in the stack correct the error, efficiently delivering correct operation to the user in spite of errors at the device or circuit levels. In the realms of memory and communication, engineers have a long history of success in tolerating unpredictable effects such as fabrication variability, transient upsets, and lifetime wear using information sharing, limited redundancy, and cross-layer approaches that anticipate, accommodate, and suppress errors. Networks use a combination of hardware and software to guarantee end-toend correctness. Error-detection and correction codes use additional information to correct the most common errors, single-bit transmission errors. When errors occur that cannot be corrected by these codes, the network protocol requests re-transmission of one or more packets until the correct data is received. Similarly, computer memory systems exploit a cross-layer division of labor to achieve high performance with modest hardware. Rather than demanding that hardware alone provide the virtual memory abstraction, software page-fault and TLB-miss handlers allow a modest piece of hardware, the TLB, to handle the common-case operations on a cyc1e-by-cycle basis while infrequent misses are handled in system software. Unfortunately, mitigating logic errors is not as simple or as well researched as memory or communication systems. This lack of understanding has led to very expensive solutions. For example, triple-modular redundancy masks errors by triplicating computations in either time or area. T

Quinn, Heather M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dehon, Andre [U. PENN; Carter, Nicj [INTEL

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

38

Bridging Human Reliability Analysis and Psychology, Part 1: The Psychological Literature Review for the IDHEAS Method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to Staff Requirements Memorandum (SRM) SRM-M061020, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is sponsoring work to update the technical basis underlying human reliability analysis (HRA) in an effort to improve the robustness of HRA. The ultimate goal of this work is to develop a hybrid of existing methods addressing limitations of current HRA models and in particular issues related to intra- and inter-method variabilities and results. This hybrid method is now known as the Integrated Decision-tree Human Event Analysis System (IDHEAS). Existing HRA methods have looked at elements of the psychological literature, but there has not previously been a systematic attempt to translate the complete span of cognition from perception to action into mechanisms that can inform HRA. Therefore, a first step of this effort was to perform a literature search of psychology, cognition, behavioral science, teamwork, and operating performance to incorporate current understanding of human performance in operating environments, thus affording an improved technical foundation for HRA. However, this literature review went one step further by mining the literature findings to establish causal relationships and explicit links between the different types of human failures, performance drivers and associated performance measures ultimately used for quantification. This is the first of two papers that detail the literature review (paper 1) and its product (paper 2). This paper describes the literature review and the high-level architecture used to organize the literature review, and the second paper (Whaley, Hendrickson, Boring, & Xing, these proceedings) describes the resultant cognitive framework.

April M. Whaley; Stacey M. L. Hendrickson; Ronald L. Boring; Jeffrey C. Joe; Katya L. Le Blanc; Jing Xing

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Modeling and Quantification of Team Performance in Human Reliability Analysis for Probabilistic Risk Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) and Human Reliability Assessment (HRA) are important technical contributors to the United States (U.S.) Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s (NRC) risk-informed and performance based approach to regulating U.S. commercial nuclear activities. Furthermore, all currently operating commercial NPPs in the U.S. are required by federal regulation to be staffed with crews of operators. Yet, aspects of team performance are underspecified in most HRA methods that are widely used in the nuclear industry. There are a variety of "emergent" team cognition and teamwork errors (e.g., communication errors) that are 1) distinct from individual human errors, and 2) important to understand from a PRA perspective. The lack of robust models or quantification of team performance is an issue that affects the accuracy and validity of HRA methods and models, leading to significant uncertainty in estimating HEPs. This paper describes research that has the objective to model and quantify team dynamics and teamwork within NPP control room crews for risk informed applications, thereby improving the technical basis of HRA, which improves the risk-informed approach the NRC uses to regulate the U.S. commercial nuclear industry.

Jeffrey C. JOe; Ronald L. Boring

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

A mid-layer model for human reliability analysis : understanding the cognitive causes of human failure events.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES) at the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) is sponsoring work in response to a Staff Requirements Memorandum (SRM) directing an effort to establish a single human reliability analysis (HRA) method for the agency or guidance for the use of multiple methods. As part of this effort an attempt to develop a comprehensive HRA qualitative approach is being pursued. This paper presents a draft of the method's middle layer, a part of the qualitative analysis phase that links failure mechanisms to performance shaping factors. Starting with a Crew Response Tree (CRT) that has identified human failure events, analysts identify potential failure mechanisms using the mid-layer model. The mid-layer model presented in this paper traces the identification of the failure mechanisms using the Information-Diagnosis/Decision-Action (IDA) model and cognitive models from the psychological literature. Each failure mechanism is grouped according to a phase of IDA. Under each phase of IDA, the cognitive models help identify the relevant performance shaping factors for the failure mechanism. The use of IDA and cognitive models can be traced through fault trees, which provide a detailed complement to the CRT.

Shen, Song-Hua (US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC); Chang, James Y. H. (US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC); Boring,Ronald L. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Whaley, April M. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Lois, Erasmia (US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC); Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt; Oxstrand, Johanna H. (Vattenfall Ringhals AB, Varobacka, Sweden); Forester, John Alan; Kelly, Dana L. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Mosleh, Ali (University of Maryland, College Park, MD)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Reliability of Current Biokinetic and Dosimetric Models for Radionuclides: A Pilot Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the results of a pilot study of the reliability of the biokinetic and dosimetric models currently used by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) as predictors of dose per unit internal or external exposure to radionuclides. The study examines the feasibility of critically evaluating the accuracy of these models for a comprehensive set of radionuclides of concern to the NRC. Each critical evaluation would include: identification of discrepancies between the models and current databases; characterization of uncertainties in model predictions of dose per unit intake or unit external exposure; characterization of variability in dose per unit intake or unit external exposure; and evaluation of prospects for development of more accurate models. Uncertainty refers here to the level of knowledge of a central value for a population, and variability refers to quantitative differences between different members of a population. This pilot study provides a critical assessment of models for selected radionuclides representing different levels of knowledge of dose per unit exposure. The main conclusions of this study are as follows: (1) To optimize the use of available NRC resources, the full study should focus on radionuclides most frequently encountered in the workplace or environment. A list of 50 radionuclides is proposed. (2) The reliability of a dose coefficient for inhalation or ingestion of a radionuclide (i.e., an estimate of dose per unit intake) may depend strongly on the specific application. Multiple characterizations of the uncertainty in a dose coefficient for inhalation or ingestion of a radionuclide may be needed for different forms of the radionuclide and different levels of information of that form available to the dose analyst. (3) A meaningful characterization of variability in dose per unit intake of a radionuclide requires detailed information on the biokinetics of the radionuclide and hence is not feasible for many infrequently studied radionuclides. (4) The biokinetics of a radionuclide in the human body typically represents the greatest source of uncertainty or variability in dose per unit intake. (5) Characterization of uncertainty in dose per unit exposure is generally a more straightforward problem for external exposure than for intake of a radionuclide. (6) For many radionuclides the most important outcome of a large-scale critical evaluation of databases and biokinetic models for radionuclides is expected to be the improvement of current models. Many of the current models do not fully or accurately reflect available radiobiological or physiological information, either because the models are outdated or because they were based on selective or uncritical use of data or inadequate model structures. In such cases the models should be replaced with physiologically realistic models that incorporate a wider spectrum of information.

Leggett, Richard Wayne [ORNL; Eckerman, Keith F [ORNL; Meck, Robert A. [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

237Poverty and Human Capability Studies Poverty and Human  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

237Poverty and Human Capability Studies Poverty and Human CaPability StudieS (Pov) Core FaCulty: PROFESSORS beCKley*, GOLDSMITH, MARGAND The Shepherd Program for the interdisciplinary Study of Poverty and graduate studies can prepare them as futureprofessionalsandcitizenstoaddresstheproblems of poverty and how

Dresden, Gregory

43

227Poverty and Human Capability Studies Poverty AND HUMAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

227Poverty and Human Capability Studies Poverty AND HUMAN CAPABILIty StUDIeS (Pov) Core FACULty: PROFESSORS BeCKLey*, GOLDSMITH, MARGAND The Shepherd Program for the Interdisciplinary Study of Poverty studies can prepare them as future professionals and citizens to address the problems of poverty

Dresden, Gregory

44

Medical Aspects of Reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation covers the medical evaluation as part of a human reliability program, particularly the various medical qualifications and potential disqualifiers.

Atencio, Julian J.

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

45

Framework for Human-Automation Collaboration: Conclusions from Four Studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Human Automation Collaboration (HAC) research project is investigating how advanced technologies that are planned for Advanced Small Modular Reactors (AdvSMR) will affect the performance and the reliability of the plant from a human factors and human performance perspective. The HAC research effort investigates the consequences of allocating functions between the operators and automated systems. More specifically, the research team is addressing how to best design the collaboration between the operators and the automated systems in a manner that has the greatest positive impact on overall plant performance and reliability. Oxstrand et al. (2013 - March) describes the efforts conducted by the researchers to identify the research needs for HAC. The research team reviewed the literature on HAC, developed a model of HAC, and identified gaps in the existing knowledge of human-automation collaboration. As described in Oxstrand et al. (2013 – June), the team then prioritized the research topics identified based on the specific needs in the context of AdvSMR. The prioritization was based on two sources of input: 1) The preliminary functions and tasks, and 2) The model of HAC. As a result, three analytical studies were planned and conduced; 1) Models of Teamwork, 2) Standardized HAC Performance Measurement Battery, and 3) Initiators and Triggering Conditions for Adaptive Automation. Additionally, one field study was also conducted at Idaho Falls Power.

Johanna Oxstrand; Katya L. Le Blanc; John O'Hara; Jeffrey C. Joe; April M. Whaley; Heather Medema

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

A reliability and availability sensitivity study of a large photovoltaic system.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A reliability and availability model has been developed for a portion of the 4.6 megawatt (MWdc) photovoltaic system operated by Tucson Electric Power (TEP) at Springerville, Arizona using a commercially available software tool, GoldSim{trademark}. This reliability model has been populated with life distributions and repair distributions derived from data accumulated during five years of operation of this system. This reliability and availability model was incorporated into another model that simulated daily and seasonal solar irradiance and photovoltaic module performance. The resulting combined model allows prediction of kilowatt hour (kWh) energy output of the system based on availability of components of the system, solar irradiance, and module and inverter performance. This model was then used to study the sensitivity of energy output as a function of photovoltaic (PV) module degradation at different rates and the effect of location (solar irradiance). Plots of cumulative energy output versus time for a 30 year period are provided for each of these cases.

Stein, Joshua S.; Granata, Jennifer E.; Mundt, Michael Joseph; Miller, Steven P.; Quintana, Michael A.; Collins, Elmer W.; Sorensen, Neil Robert

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Short-term and long-term reliability studies in the deregulated power systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-term reliability in deregulated power systems. Short-term reliability is for operational purposes and is mainly concerned with security. Thus the way energy is dispatched and the actions the system operator takes to remedy an insecure system state...

Li, Yishan

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

48

Scoping study on trends in the economic value of electricity reliability to the U.S. economy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the past three years, working with more than 150 organizations representing public and private stakeholders, EPRI has developed the Electricity Technology Roadmap. The Roadmap identifies several major strategic challenges that must be successfully addressed to ensure a sustainable future in which electricity continues to play an important role in economic growth. Articulation of these anticipated trends and challenges requires a detailed understanding of the role and importance of reliable electricity in different sectors of the economy. This report is intended to contribute to that understanding by analyzing key aspects of trends in the economic value of electricity reliability in the U.S. economy. We first present a review of recent literature on electricity reliability costs. Next, we describe three distinct end-use approaches for tracking trends in reliability needs: (1) an analysis of the electricity-use requirements of office equipment in different commercial sectors; (2) an examination of the use of aggregate statistical indicators of industrial electricity use and economic activity to identify high reliability-requirement customer market segments; and (3) a case study of cleanrooms, which is a cross-cutting market segment known to have high reliability requirements. Finally, we present insurance industry perspectives on electricity reliability as an example of a financial tool for addressing customers' reliability needs.

Eto, Joseph; Koomey, Jonathan; Lehman, Bryan; Martin, Nathan; Mills, Evan; Webber, Carrie; Worrell, Ernst

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Power as a function of reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many studies employ multiple measurement instruments such as human raters, observers, judges, or mechanical gauges to record subject data. It is well known that the consistency of these instruments, commonly called rater reliability, limits the extent to which conclusions should be drawn from the observed data. However, the degree to which rater reliability limits conclusions has traditionally been assessed in only subjective manners. In this paper, a method is developed for objectively quantifying the impact of rate reliability on the statistical analysis of data from a commonly used collection scheme. This method allows the inclusion of a reliability index in statistical power calculations and is an invaluable tool in the planning of experiments.

Abate, M.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); McCabe, G.P.; Lynch, M.P. [Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Use of Melt Flow Rate Test in Reliability Study of Thermoplastic Encapsulation Materials in Photovoltaic Modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Use of thermoplastic materials as encapsulants in photovoltaic (PV) modules presents a potential concern in terms of high temperature creep, which should be evaluated before thermoplastics are qualified for use in the field. Historically, the issue of creep has been avoided by using thermosetting polymers as encapsulants, such as crosslinked ethylene-co-vinyl acetate (EVA). Because they lack crosslinked networks, however, thermoplastics may be subject to phase transitions and visco-elastic flow at the temperatures and mechanical stresses encountered by modules in the field, creating the potential for a number of reliability and safety issues. Thermoplastic materials investigated in this study include PV-grade uncured-EVA (without curing agents and therefore not crosslinked); polyvinyl butyral (PVB); thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU); and three polyolefins (PO), which have been proposed for use as PV encapsulation. Two approaches were used to evaluate the performance of these materials as encapsulants: module-level testing and a material-level testing.

Moseley, J.; Miller, D.; Shah, Q.-U.-A. S. J.; Sakurai, K.; Kempe, M.; Tamizhmani, G.; Kurtz, S.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Human-reliability data bank for nuclear-power-plant operations. Volume 2. A data-bank concept and system description  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is conducting a research program to determine the need for a human-reliability data bank unique to the nuclear industry. This report, in describing a proposed data bank, focuses primarily on four requirements: human-performance data collection, treatment, structuring (storage), and retrieval. Four data-collection methods are proposed: three are extensions to existing systems (i.e., Licensee Event Reports (LER), Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System (NPRDS), and Plant Incident Reports (PIR)); the fourth is a new system called the Nuclear Safety Reporting System (NSRS). Data treatment involves evaluating raw field data and data from other sources (e.g., training simulator, expert judgment, and performance modeling), and preparing them for entry into the data bank. Data structuring involves storage of data by equipment characteristics and human actions at the system, component, and individual control/display levels. Data retrieval uses a set of matrices based on the data-structuring taxonomy.

Comer, M.K.; Kozinsky, E.J.; Eckel, J.S.; Miller, D.P.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Nuclear Computerized Library for Assessing Reactor Reliability (NUCLARR): Data manual. Part 2: Human error probability (HEP) data; Volume 5, Revision 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This data manual contains a hard copy of the information in the Nuclear Computerized Library for Assessing Reactor Reliability (NUCLARR) Version 3.5 database, which is sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. NUCLARR was designed as a tool for risk analysis. Many of the nuclear reactors in the US and several outside the US are represented in the NUCLARR database. NUCLARR includes both human error probability estimates for workers at the plants and hardware failure data for nuclear reactor equipment. Aggregations of these data yield valuable reliability estimates for probabilistic risk assessments and human reliability analyses. The data manual is organized to permit manual searches of the information if the computerized version is not available. Originally, the manual was published in three parts. In this revision the introductory material located in the original Part 1 has been incorporated into the text of Parts 2 and 3. The user can now find introductory material either in the original Part 1, or in Parts 2 and 3 as revised. Part 2 contains the human error probability data, and Part 3, the hardware component reliability data.

Reece, W.J.; Gilbert, B.G.; Richards, R.E. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Electricity & Energy Reliability (WFP) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electricity & Energy Reliability (WFP) Electricity & Energy Reliability (WFP) The purpose of the workforce Plan is to provide focus and direction to Human Resources (HR) strategy....

54

Fast and reliable automated ventriculography for gated blood-pool studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A set of algorithms, requiring only one single operator-interaction and minimal running time, has been generated to analyze left-ventricular function from cardiac gated Tc-99m Blood-pool Nuclear Medicine scintigrams (CBPS). The process depends mainly on an optimal edge enhancement filter derived in the frequency domain and applied to the study via FFT. The bandpass filter is based on Prolate Spheroidal wave functions and was described by Shanmugam et al in 1979. It maximizes output in the vicinity of edges, and is adapted here to enhance the ventricular region of interest (ROI) yielding images with sharp edges and good signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). This procedure does not require previous background subtraction from initial images in order to adequately define left-ventricular contours. A filter format has been chosen which will allow successful performance of the technique over a wide range of CBPS. The filtered image is then scanned and, on the original frame edges around ROI are marked and counts within ROI are defined. It will automatically run for any allowed number or size of frames. Processing time averages less than one minute when employing an Array Processor for a set of 32 64x64 pixel frames. Nuclear Medicine image processing applications of such filter have not been reported to date. This process has been tested on variable rate, variable ejection fraction, known volume Vanderbilt cardiac phantom; with maximum deviation of 3.5% and estimated standard deviation (SD) of 1.7%. When compared to other processes currently available, this technique is clearly more reliable due to its accuracy, speed and simplicity. It has also been used to determine ventricular volumes from gated SPECT images, with a respectable SD of 2.8%.

Lima, M.G.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

French Studies The School of Humanities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 French Studies The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD Courses in this department hone language skills in French while placing a diverse, generalized knowledge of French literature within a broad spectrum of cultural, historical, philosophical, and theoretical concerns. Students also

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

56

French Studies The School of Humanities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

181 French Studies The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD Courses in this department hone language skills in French while placing a diverse, generalized knowledge of French literature within a broad spectrum of cultural, historical, philosophical, and theoretical concerns. Students also

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

57

French Studies The School of Humanities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

164 French Studies The School of Humanities Chair Bernard Aresu Professors Madeleine Alcover Jean in this department hone language skills in French while placing a diverse, generalized knowledge of French literature within a broad spectrum of cultural, histori- cal, philosophical, and theoretical concerns. Students

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

58

French Studies The School of Humanities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of French literature within a broad spectrum of cultural, histori- cal, philosophical, and theoretical179 French Studies The School of Humanities Chair Michel Achard Professors Madeleine Alcover.D. Courses in this department hone language skills in French while placing a diverse, generalized knowledge

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

59

French Studies The School of Humanities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

174 French Studies The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD Courses in this department hone language skills in French while placing a diverse, generalized knowledge of French literature within a broad spectrum of cultural, historical,philosophical,and theoretical concerns.Students are also

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

60

French Studies The School of Humanities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

189 French Studies The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD Courses in this department hone language skills in French while placing a diverse, generalized knowledge of French literature within a broad spectrum of cultural, historical, philosophical, and theoretical concerns. Students also

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

French Studies The School of Humanities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

176 French Studies The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD Courses in this department hone language skills in French while placing a diverse, generalized knowledge of French literature within a broad spectrum of cultural, historical,philosophical,and theoretical concerns.Students are also

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

62

A study of the performance and reliability of microprocessor based controls  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The microprocessor based distribution feeder protection unit is designed for the protection of radial feeders. Since the recloser is one of the most important normal and emergency controllers, it must retain its normal basic operations such as fault detection, timing, and fault interruption under adverse operating environments to provide complete protection and reliability needed by the distribution system. In view of the importance of this recloser to the security and reliable operation of the distribution system, it must undergo rigorous laboratory, environmental and electromagnetic interference (EMI) and field tests before installation is contemplated. To achieve these objectives, a test current from the feeder simulator was applied to the controller and was observed as it stepped through its sequence of tripping and reclosing.

Teshome, A.; Aitken, M.W.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

63

Dispatcher Reliability Analysis : SPICA-RAIL Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dispatcher Reliability Analysis : SPICA-RAIL Experiments Fabien Belmonte, Jean-Louis Boulanger of scenarios and evaluate the behaviour of human operators. A state of the art in human reliability is pre coupled to a traffic simulator. It allows to gather data for human reliability evaluation and man

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

64

Feasibility study: Application of RCM techniques for substation maintenance at the Bonneville Power Administration. [Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This feasibility study examines reliability centered maintenance (RCM) as it applies to Bonneville Power Administrations (BPA) substation maintenance program. Reliability techniques are examined in evaluated. Existing BPA equipment maintenance procedures are documented. Equipment failure history is considered. Economic impacts are estimated. Various equipment instrumentation methods are reviewed. Based on this analysis a prototype system is proposed. The prototype will be implemented in two phases. Phase 1 is to be completed in 1992, it includes instrumenting one power transformer and one oil circuit breaker. Software development will focus on displaying data. Phase 2 is to be completed the following year. The remaining transformers and breakers will be instrumented during the second phase. Software development will focus on predictive maintenance techniques and maintenance decision support.

Purucker, S.L.; Tonn, B.E.; Goeltz, R.T.; James, R.D.; Kercel, S.; Rizy, D.T.; Simpson, M.L.; Van Dyke, J.W.

1992-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

65

Electricity Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability High Temperature Superconductivity (HTS) Visualization in the future because they have virtually no resistance to electric current, offering the possibility of new electric power equipment with more energy efficiency and higher capacity than today's systems

66

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

California is on a path to increase utilization of renewable resources. California will need to integrate approximately 30,000 megawatts (MW) of new renewable generation in the next 20 years. Renewable resources are typically located in remote locations, not near the load centers. Nearly two/thirds or 20,000 MW of new renewable resources needed are likely to be delivered to Los Angeles Basin transmission gateways. Integration of renewable resources requires interconnection to the power grid, expansion of the transmission system capability between the backbone power grid and transmission gateways, and increase in delivery capacity from transmission gateways to the local load centers. To scope the transmission, operations, and reliability issues for renewables integration, this research focused on the Los Angeles Basin Area transmission gateways where most of new renewables are likely. Necessary actions for successful renewables integration include: (1) Expand Los Angeles Basin Area transmission gateway and nomogram limits by 10,000 to 20,000 MW; (2) Upgrade local transmission network for deliverability to load centers; (3) Secure additional storage, demand management, automatic load control, dynamic pricing, and other resources that meet regulation and ramping needed in real time operations; (4) Enhance local voltage support; and (5) Expand deliverability from Los Angeles to San Diego and Northern California.

Eto, Joseph; Budhraja, Vikram; Ballance, John; Dyer, Jim; Mobasheri, Fred; Eto, Joseph

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Reliability Assessment The Reliability of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2006 Long-Term Reliability Assessment The Reliability of the Bulk Power Systems In North America North American Electric Reliability Council October 2006 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 2 NERC 2006 Long-Term Reliability Assessment TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION

68

Human brain cancer studied by resonance Raman spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human brain cancer studied by resonance Raman spectroscopy Yan Zhou Cheng-Hui Liu Yi Sun Yang Pu://biomedicaloptics.spiedigitallibrary.org/ on 11/16/2012 Terms of Use: http://spiedl.org/terms #12;Human brain cancer studied by resonance Raman of human brain tissues are examined using a confocal micro-Raman system with 532-nm excitation in vitro

Sun, Yi

69

Case Study: Fuel Cells Increase Reliability at First National Bank of Omaha  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

A case study of the First National Bank of Omaha fuel cell system, covering 1999 through October 2009. The system reduced heating bills by more than $1 million.

70

FIELD RELIABILITY OF ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I Ww i 1 i FIELD RELIABILITY OF ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS wcwotoias R I S 0 - M - 2 4 1 8 An analytical study of in-the fiald axparlanca of electronics reliability Tag© Elm Rise National Laboratory, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark February 1 0 8 4 #12;RIS�-M-2418 FIELD RELIABILITY OP ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS An analytical

71

Roadmap: Human Development and Family Studies -Gerontology -Bachelor of Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roadmap: Human Development and Family Studies - Gerontology - Bachelor of Science [EH Catalog Year: 2012­2013 Page 1 of 3 | Last Updated: 8-June-12/JS This roadmap is a recommended semester or upper division) 3 See note 2 on page 2 #12;Roadmap: Human Development and Family Studies - Gerontology

Sheridan, Scott

72

Human Reliability | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinement plasmas inPortalAllBPAHydrazide Chemistry, and

73

Medieval Studies The School of Humanities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and their common traditions,in the period between 500 and 1500 ad.The program combines a broad background, French, or Latin), music, philosophy, or religion. Degree Requirements for BA in Medieval Studies in Medieval Studies MDST 368 Mythologies French Studies MDST 404 Beginnings of Language and Literature

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

74

Medieval Studies The School of Humanities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, in the period between 500 and 1500 ad.The program combines a broad background in various aspects of medieval history, history, literature (Arabic, Chinese, German, Italian, English, French, or Latin), music MDST 320 Directed Readings in Medieval Studies MDST 368 Mythologies French Studies MDST 404 Beginnings

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

75

Medieval Studies The School of Humanities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and their common traditions, in the period between 500 and 1500 ad.The program combines a broad background, French, or Latin), music, philosophy, or religion. Degree Requirements for BA in Medieval Studies MDST 368 Mythologies French Studies MDST 404 Beginnings of Language and Literature of France MDST 410

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

76

Software Reliability Xiangyu Zhang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Software Reliability Xiangyu Zhang Pronounced as Shang You Zang CS590F Software Reliability Software Reliability Why Reliable Software is Important? Software bugs cost the U.S. economy about $59 in Spacecraft Accidents (http://sunnyday.mit.edu/papers/jsr.pdf) CS590F Software Reliability Why ? ­ FSE'06

Zhang, Xiangyu

77

Medieval Studies The School of Humanities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

their differences and their common traditions, in the period between 500 and 1500 AD The program combines a broad.These fields of emphasis include art history,history,medieval literature (English,French,or Latin), music J. R. R. Tolkien MDST 368 Mythologies French Studies MDST 410 The Literary and Historical Image

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

78

ACCEPTABLE HUMANITIES (HU) COURSES * African American Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AR 251 Ancient Maya Civilization Art History Any 100-, 200- or 300-level CAS AH course Cinema Studies CAS CI 101 History of Global Cinema 1: Origins through 1950s CAS CI 102 History of Global Cinema 2 in American Literature CAS EN 128 Representing Boston CAS EN 130 Literature and Science CAS EN 141 Literary

79

ACCEPTABLE HUMANITIES (HU) COURSES * African Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maya Civilization Art History Any 100-, 200- or 300-level CAS AH course Cinema Studies CAS CI 101 History of Global Cinema 1: Origins through 1950s CAS CI 102 History of Global Cinema 2: 1960s to Present Representing Boston CAS EN 130 Literature and Science CAS EN 141 Literary Types: Fiction CAS EN 142 Literary

80

A new approach to power quality and electricity reliability monitoring-case study illustrations of the capabilities of the I-GridTM system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a new approach for collecting information on power quality and reliability and making it available in the public domain. Making this information readily available in a form that is meaningful to electricity consumers is necessary for enabling more informed private and public decisions regarding electricity reliability. The system dramatically reduces the cost (and expertise) needed for customers to obtain information on the most significant power quality events, called voltage sags and interruptions. The system also offers widespread access to information on power quality collected from multiple sites and the potential for capturing information on the impacts of power quality problems, together enabling a wide variety of analysis and benchmarking to improve system reliability. Six case studies demonstrate selected functionality and capabilities of the system, including: Linking measured power quality events to process interruption and downtime; Demonstrating the ability to correlate events recorded by multiple monitors to narrow and confirm the causes of power quality events; and Benchmarking power quality and reliability on a firm and regional basis.

Divan, Deepak; Brumsickle, William; Eto, Joseph

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Combined Heat and Power System Enables 100% Reliability at Leading...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enables 100% Reliability at Leading Medical Campus - Case Study, 2013 Combined Heat and Power System Enables 100% Reliability at Leading Medical Campus - Case Study, 2013 Thermal...

82

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Habitat for Humanity South...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Home Case Study, Manatee County Habitat for Humanity, Ellenton, FL, Affordable DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Southeast Volusia Habitat for Humanity, Edgewater, FL...

83

Logic Synthesis for FPGA Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for FPGA Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hard ErrorsStochastic Resynthesis for FPGA Reliability . . . . . .In-Place Reconfiguration for FPGA Reliability . . . . . .

Feng, Zhe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Thin Film Reliability SEMICONDUCTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thin Film Reliability SEMICONDUCTORS Our goal is to develop new ways to evaluate the reliability $250 billion per year. As semiconductor devices become ultra miniaturized, reliability testing becomes-world conditions as possible will enable product designers to better balance performance and reliability

85

Reliability-Centered Maintenance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Reliability-centered maintenance leverages the same practices and technologies of predictive maintenance.

86

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and winter and summer forecasts; monitors the bulk power systems; and educates, trains, and certifies industry personnel. North American Electric Reliability Corporation...

87

Reliability characterization and prediction of high k dielectric thin film  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As technologies continue advancing, semiconductor devices with dimensions in nanometers have entered all spheres of human life. This research deals with both the statistical aspect of reliability and some electrical aspect of reliability...

Luo, Wen

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

88

Policy and Procedures 1 HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND FAMILY STUDIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy and Procedures 1 HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND FAMILY STUDIES POLICY AND PROCEDURES MANUAL Approved by HDFS Faculty October, 2011 #12;Policy and Procedures 2 Contents Page I. Department Mission. Standing and Ad Hoc Committees 6-9 III. Department Procedures 9 A. General Operating Procedures

Rock, Chris

89

Inhalation anesthesia in experimental radiotherapy: a reliable and time-saving system for multifractionation studies in a clinical department  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An inhalation anesthesia system has been employed to overcome several of the limitations associated with the use of sodium pentobarbital and other i.p. administered anesthetics in experimental radiotherapy. The described method is reliable and time-saving. The depth and duration of anesthesia are easily controllable. Only 4 deaths have occurred with more than 6000 animal exposures. The use of polystyrene jigs is shown to provide adequate thermal isolation. Oxygen as a carrier of the anesthetic agent is expected to prevent a reduced tissue oxygenation and its radiobiological consequences. The whole system is constructed as a mobile unit in which up to 16 mice or rats can be anesthetized simultaneously and irradiated in a single field with clinical treatment equipment during short time intervals between patient irradiations. The described advantages of this method make it specially suited for experiments with protracted fractionation schedules.

Ang, K.K. (Univ. Hospital, Leuven, Belgium); Van Der Kogel, A.J.; Van Der Schueren, E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Arnold Schwarzenegger REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT Scoping Study Report Reliability Technology Solutions APPENDIXG October 2008 CEC-500-2008-049-APG #12;#12;Prepared By: Lawrence for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions and was funded by the California Energy Commission's Public

91

Reliability of islanded microgrids with stochastic generation and prioritized load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The potential to improve distribution system reliability is a primary motivation behind the development and deployment of microgrids. Previous studies have illustrated substantial reliability benefits of dispatchable ...

Marden, Mirjana Milosevic

92

Power electronics reliability analysis.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides the DOE and industry with a general process for analyzing power electronics reliability. The analysis can help with understanding the main causes of failures, downtime, and cost and how to reduce them. One approach is to collect field maintenance data and use it directly to calculate reliability metrics related to each cause. Another approach is to model the functional structure of the equipment using a fault tree to derive system reliability from component reliability. Analysis of a fictitious device demonstrates the latter process. Optimization can use the resulting baseline model to decide how to improve reliability and/or lower costs. It is recommended that both electric utilities and equipment manufacturers make provisions to collect and share data in order to lay the groundwork for improving reliability into the future. Reliability analysis helps guide reliability improvements in hardware and software technology including condition monitoring and prognostics and health management.

Smith, Mark A.; Atcitty, Stanley

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability:A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In past work, Berkeley Lab has developed the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). Given end-use energy details for a facility, a description of its economic environment and a menu of available equipment, DER-CAM finds the optimal investment portfolio and its operating schedule which together minimize the cost of meeting site service, e.g., cooling, heating, requirements. Past studies have considered combined heat and power (CHP) technologies. Methods and software have been developed to solve this problem, finding optimal solutions which take simultaneity into account. This project aims to extend on those prior capabilities in two key dimensions. In this research storage technologies have been added as well as power quality and reliability (PQR) features that provide the ability to value the additional indirect reliability benefit derived from Consortium for Electricity Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) Microgrid capability. This project is intended to determine how attractive on-site generation becomes to a medium-sized commercial site if economical storage (both electrical and thermal), CHP opportunities, and PQR benefits are provided in addition to avoiding electricity purchases. On-site electrical storage, generators, and the ability to seamlessly connect and disconnect from utility service would provide the facility with ride-through capability for minor grid disturbances. Three building types in both California and New York are assumed to have a share of their sensitive electrical load separable. Providing enhanced service to this load fraction has an unknown value to the facility, which is estimated analytically. In summary, this project began with 3 major goals: (1) to conduct detailed analysis to find the optimal equipment combination for microgrids at a few promising commercial building hosts in the two favorable markets of California and New York; (2) to extend the analysis capability of DER-CAM to include both heat and electricity storage; and (3) to make an initial effort towards adding consideration of PQR into the capabilities of DER-CAM.

Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal; Lai, Judy; Coffey, Brian; Aki, Hirohisa

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

A case study review of technical and technology issues for transition of a utility load management program to provide system reliability resources in restructured electricity markets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utility load management programs--including direct load control and interruptible load programs--were employed by utilities in the past as system reliability resources. With electricity industry restructuring, the context for these programs has changed; the market that was once controlled by vertically integrated utilities has become competitive, raising the question: can existing load management programs be modified so that they can effectively participate in competitive energy markets? In the short run, modified and/or improved operation of load management programs may be the most effective form of demand-side response available to the electricity system today. However, in light of recent technological advances in metering, communication, and load control, utility load management programs must be carefully reviewed in order to determine appropriate investments to support this transition. This report investigates the feasibility of and options for modifying an existing utility load management system so that it might provide reliability services (i.e. ancillary services) in the competitive markets that have resulted from electricity industry restructuring. The report is a case study of Southern California Edison's (SCE) load management programs. SCE was chosen because it operates one of the largest load management programs in the country and it operates them within a competitive wholesale electricity market. The report describes a wide range of existing and soon-to-be-available communication, control, and metering technologies that could be used to facilitate the evolution of SCE's load management programs and systems to provision of reliability services. The fundamental finding of this report is that, with modifications, SCE's load management infrastructure could be transitioned to provide critical ancillary services in competitive electricity markets, employing currently or soon-to-be available load control technologies.

Weller, G.H.

2001-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

95

Reliability Results of NERSC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Results of NERSC Systems Akbar Mokhtarani,analysis of systems reliability and component failure rates,reported to operation. Reliability Data HPSS and the IBM SP

Mokhtarani, Akbar; Petascale Data Storage Institute (PDSI)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Figliozzi, Wheeler, Albright, Walker, Sarkar, and Rice 1 Algorithms to Study the Impacts of Travel Time Reliability along Multi-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figliozzi, Wheeler, Albright, Walker, Sarkar, and Rice 1 Algorithms to Study the Impacts and Regional Planning Portland State University Shreemoyee Sarkar Computer Science Portland State University, Sarkar, and Rice 2 Abstract Performance measures allow planners and engineers to monitor

97

Roadmap: Technical and Applied Studies NonprofitHuman Services Bachelor of Technical and Applied Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roadmap: Technical and Applied Studies ­ Nonprofit­Human Services ­ Bachelor of Technical-Aug-12/TET This roadmap is a recommended semester-by-semester plan of study for this major. However / SOC 32570 COMM 35864, COMT 36318 or Visit www.kent.edu/catalog/elr 2.000 2.000 #12;Roadmap: Technical

Sheridan, Scott

98

Reliability Design and Case Study of a Refrigerator Compressor Subjected to Repetitive Loads, International Journal of Refrigeration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A newly designed crankshaft of a compressor for a side-by-side (SBS) refrigerator was studied. Using mass and energy conservation balances, a variety of compressor loads typically found in a refrigeration cycle were analyzed. The laboratory failure... vis-a´-vis de la fiabilite´ et e´tude de casArticle history: Received 18 March 2008 Received in revised form 6 May 2008 Accepted 21 July 2008 Published online 31 July 2008 Keywords: Refrigeration system Compression system Reciprocating compressor...

Woo, S.; O'Neal, D.L.; Pecht, M.

99

Medical Device Reliability BIOMATERIALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEMI Medical Electronics team to address short- and long-term reliability issues with medical devices. OurMedical Device Reliability BIOMATERIALS Our goal is to provide medical device manufacturers, and consistency of active implantable medical devices. These devices, including pacemakers, cardiac defibrillators

100

Hawaii electric system reliability.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses Hawaii electric system reliability issues; greater emphasis is placed on short-term reliability but resource adequacy is reviewed in reference to electric consumers' views of reliability %E2%80%9Cworth%E2%80%9D and the reserve capacity required to deliver that value. The report begins with a description of the Hawaii electric system to the extent permitted by publicly available data. Electrical engineering literature in the area of electric reliability is researched and briefly reviewed. North American Electric Reliability Corporation standards and measures for generation and transmission are reviewed and identified as to their appropriateness for various portions of the electric grid and for application in Hawaii. Analysis of frequency data supplied by the State of Hawaii Public Utilities Commission is presented together with comparison and contrast of performance of each of the systems for two years, 2010 and 2011. Literature tracing the development of reliability economics is reviewed and referenced. A method is explained for integrating system cost with outage cost to determine the optimal resource adequacy given customers' views of the value contributed by reliable electric supply. The report concludes with findings and recommendations for reliability in the State of Hawaii.

Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto; Loose, Verne William

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Applications of the Cross-Entropy Method in Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applications of the Cross-Entropy Method in Reliability Dirk P. Kroese and Kin-Ping Hui University and components that are all sub- ject to failure. Reliability theory studies the failure behavior of such sys, even for the most basic reliability models, the overall reliability of the system can be difficult

Kroese, Dirk P.

102

How to prevent a Normal Accident in a High Reliable Organisation? The art of resilience, a case study in the chemical industry.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How to prevent a Normal Accident in a High Reliable Organisation? The art of resilience, a case.dupre@ish-lyon.cnrs.fr Abstract: The trend in France in the chemical industry following the Toulouse accident in 2001 has created the safety and accident field) some dimensions, for example the level of resilience (or reliability

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

103

Photovoltaic system reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the reliability of several photovoltaic projects including SMUD`s PV Pioneer project, various projects monitored by Ascension Technology, and the Colorado Parks project. System times-to-failure range from 1 to 16 years, and maintenance costs range from 1 to 16 cents per kilowatt-hour. Factors contributing to the reliability of these systems are discussed, and practices are recommended that can be applied to future projects. This paper also discusses the methodology used to collect and analyze PV system reliability data.

Maish, A.B.; Atcitty, C. [Sandia National Labs., NM (United States); Greenberg, D. [Ascension Technology, Inc., Lincoln Center, MA (United States)] [and others

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Radium in humans: A review of U.S. studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document was originally conceived as a compilation of activities at Argonne National Laboratory that were directed toward the study of radium in humans. However, it soon became obvious that this was a very limited approach, because such a compilation would include no background on the widespread uses of radium in industry and in the medical profession, nor would it address the early history of the discovery of the hazards of radium. Such an approach would also ignore contributions to the study of radium effects made at other laboratories. This document now addresses these topics, in order to give an overall picture of what might be called the radium era, that period from the early part of this century, when radium was rapidly exploited as a tool and a medication, to the present time, when radium is not generally used and the study of its effects has been terminated. The appendix to this review lists all of the measured radium cases, a total of 2,403 individuals whose records were in the files at the end of 1990. For each case the route of exposure, the dates of exposure, the years of birth and death, the measured body content, the calculated intake and dose, and the cause of death have been listed. 165 refs.

Rowland, R.E.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Are mixed explicit/implicit solvation models reliable for studying phosphate hydrolysis? A comparative study of continuum, explicit and mixed solvation models.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phosphate hydrolysis is ubiquitous in biology. However, despite intensive research on this class of reactions, the precise nature of the reaction mechanism remains controversial. In this work, we have examined the hydrolysis of three homologous phosphate diesters. The solvation free energy was simulated by means of either an implicit solvation model (COSMO), hybrid quantum mechanical / molecular mechanical free energy perturbation (QM/MM-FEP) or a mixed solvation model in which N water molecules were explicitly included in the ab initio description of the reacting system (where N=1-3), with the remainder of the solvent being implicitly modelled as a continuum. Here, both COSMO and QM/MM-FEP reproduce Delta Gobs within an error of about 2kcal/mol. However, we demonstrate that in order to obtain any form of reliable results from a mixed model, it is essential to carefully select the explicit water molecules from short QM/MM runs that act as a model for the true infinite system. Additionally, the mixed models tend to be increasingly inaccurate the more explicit water molecules are placed into the system. Thus, our analysis indicates that this approach provides an unreliable way for modelling phosphate hydrolysis in solution.

Kamerlin, Shina C. L.; Haranczyk, Maciej; Warshel, Arieh

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Reliability and Safety  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE solar reliability and safety research and development (R&D) focuses on testing photovoltaic (PV) modules, inverters, and systems for long-term performance, and helping investors, consumers,...

107

Reliability Standards Owner  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This position is located in the Internal Operations and Asset Management group of Planning and Asset Management (TP). A successful candidate in this position will serve as the Reliability Standards...

108

Modeling aspects of human memory for scientific study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Working with leading experts in the field of cognitive neuroscience and computational intelligence, SNL has developed a computational architecture that represents neurocognitive mechanisms associated with how humans remember experiences in their past. The architecture represents how knowledge is organized and updated through information from individual experiences (episodes) via the cortical-hippocampal declarative memory system. We compared the simulated behavioral characteristics with those of humans measured under well established experimental standards, controlling for unmodeled aspects of human processing, such as perception. We used this knowledge to create robust simulations of & human memory behaviors that should help move the scientific community closer to understanding how humans remember information. These behaviors were experimentally validated against actual human subjects, which was published. An important outcome of the validation process will be the joining of specific experimental testing procedures from the field of neuroscience with computational representations from the field of cognitive modeling and simulation.

Caudell, Thomas P. (University of New Mexico); Watson, Patrick (University of Illinois - Champaign-Urbana Beckman Institute); McDaniel, Mark A. (Washington University); Eichenbaum, Howard B. (Boston University); Cohen, Neal J. (University of Illinois - Champaign-Urbana Beckman Institute); Vineyard, Craig Michael; Taylor, Shawn Ellis; Bernard, Michael Lewis; Morrow, James Dan; Verzi, Stephen J.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Parametric probability distributions in reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parametric probability distributions in reliability F.P.A. Coolen Department of Mathematical parametric probability distributions which are frequently used in reliability. We present some main as models for specific reliability scenarios. Keywords: Binomial distribution, Exponential distribution

Coolen, Frank

110

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Update (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation was given at the Sandia Reliability Workshop in August 2013 and provides information on current statistics, a status update, next steps, and other reliability research and development activities related to the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative.

Sheng, S.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Photovoltaic module reliability workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper and presentations compiled in this volume form the Proceedings of the fourth in a series of Workshops sponsored by Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI/DOE) under the general theme of photovoltaic module reliability during the period 1986--1990. The reliability Photo Voltaic (PV) modules/systems is exceedingly important along with the initial cost and efficiency of modules if the PV technology has to make a major impact in the power generation market, and for it to compete with the conventional electricity producing technologies. The reliability of photovoltaic modules has progressed significantly in the last few years as evidenced by warranties available on commercial modules of as long as 12 years. However, there is still need for substantial research and testing required to improve module field reliability to levels of 30 years or more. Several small groups of researchers are involved in this research, development, and monitoring activity around the world. In the US, PV manufacturers, DOE laboratories, electric utilities and others are engaged in the photovoltaic reliability research and testing. This group of researchers and others interested in this field were brought together under SERI/DOE sponsorship to exchange the technical knowledge and field experience as related to current information in this important field. The papers presented here reflect this effort.

Mrig, L. (ed.)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Reliability Maps for Probabilistic Guarantees of Task Motion for Robotic Manipulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Full paper Reliability Maps for Probabilistic Guarantees of Task Motion for Robotic Manipulators March 2012 Abstract 10There are many applications for which reliable and safe robots are desired and reliable to prevent human injury and task failure. However, different levels of safety and reliability

Maciejewski, Anthony A.

113

Graduate Studies in Industrial and Systems Engineering Human Factors/Ergonomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Graduate Studies in Industrial and Systems Engineering Human Factors/Ergonomics 2013-2014 Introduction Human Factors Engineering, also known as Ergonomics, can be briefly defined as the science and skills. At OSU, Human Factors/Ergonomics (HF/E) is composed of two broad areas: Cognitive Engineering

114

Increasing the Reliability of Reliability Jochen Brocker1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increasing the Reliability of Reliability Diagrams Jochen Br¨ocker1, and Leonard A. Smith1,2 1 University Oxford, UK Corresponding Author, cats@lse.ac.uk November 9, 2006 #12;Abstract The reliability are reliable. Further, an alternative presentation of the same information on probability paper easies

Stevenson, Paul

115

Sandia National Laboratories: Human Reliability Assessment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(NESL) Brayton Lab SCO2 Brayton Cycle Technology Videos Heat Exchanger Development Diffusion Bonding Characterization Mechanical Testing Deep Borehole Disposal Nuclear...

116

Sandia National Laboratories: Human Reliability Assessment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLS Exhibit at ExploraGlobalFacilityHeliostatHiroshi

117

Structural studies of the human polymeric immunoglobulin receptor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The human polymeric immunoglobulin receptor, pIgR, is a glycosylated type I transmembrane protein expressed on the basolateral surface of secretory epithelial cells. pIgR plays a key role in mucosal immunity and, together ...

Hamburger, Agnes Eva, 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

RELIABILITY PLANNING IN DISTRIBUTED ELECTRIC ENERGY SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESILIENCE; OR RELIABILITY SENSITIVITy .. RiskReliability Planning: Preliminary Definitions.Dioision, Ext. 6782 Reliability Planning in Distributed

Kahn, E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections Map of the North American Electric Reliability...

120

Software Reliability Modeling James LEDOUX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Software Reliability Modeling James LEDOUX Centre de Math´ematiques INSA & IRMAR 20 Avenue des an overview of some aspects of Software Reliability (SR) engineering. Most systems are now driven by software in reliability engineering, particularly in terms of cost. But predicting software reliability is not easy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Reliability of Electrical Interconnects (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation discusses the status of NREL's research on the reliability of electrical interconnects.

Devoto, D.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

NDE reliability and probability of detection (POD) evolution and paradigm shift  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The subject of NDE Reliability and POD has gone through multiple phases since its humble beginning in the late 1960s. This was followed by several programs including the important one nicknamed “Have Cracks – Will Travel” or in short “Have Cracks” by Lockheed Georgia Company for US Air Force during 1974–1978. This and other studies ultimately led to a series of developments in the field of reliability and POD starting from the introduction of fracture mechanics and Damaged Tolerant Design (DTD) to statistical framework by Bernes and Hovey in 1981 for POD estimation to MIL-STD HDBK 1823 (1999) and 1823A (2009). During the last decade, various groups and researchers have further studied the reliability and POD using Model Assisted POD (MAPOD), Simulation Assisted POD (SAPOD), and applying Bayesian Statistics. All and each of these developments had one objective, i.e., improving accuracy of life prediction in components that to a large extent depends on the reliability and capability of NDE methods. Therefore, it is essential to have a reliable detection and sizing of large flaws in components. Currently, POD is used for studying reliability and capability of NDE methods, though POD data offers no absolute truth regarding NDE reliability, i.e., system capability, effects of flaw morphology, and quantifying the human factors. Furthermore, reliability and POD have been reported alike in meaning but POD is not NDE reliability. POD is a subset of the reliability that consists of six phases: 1) samples selection using DOE, 2) NDE equipment setup and calibration, 3) System Measurement Evaluation (SME) including Gage Repeatability and Reproducibility (Gage R and R) and Analysis Of Variance (ANOVA), 4) NDE system capability and electronic and physical saturation, 5) acquiring and fitting data to a model, and data analysis, and 6) POD estimation. This paper provides an overview of all major POD milestones for the last several decades and discuss rationale for using Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME), MAPOD, SAPOD, and Bayesian statistics for studying controllable and non-controllable variables including human factors for estimating POD. Another objective is to list gaps between “hoped for” versus validated or fielded failed hardware.

Singh, Surendra [NDE Engineering, Materials and Process Engineering, Honeywell Aerospace, Phoenix, AZ 85034 (United States)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

123

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies Case Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development 3 See note 1 on page 2 HDFS 25512 Management of Family Resources 3 HDFS 34031 Cultural DiversitySUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­Case Management THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­Case Management for Individuals

Sheridan, Scott

124

Essays using military-induced variation to study social interactions, human capital development, and labor markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of four empirical studies, each using military-induced variation to examine various aspects of human capital production and the U.S. labor market. The first two chapters study the effects of ...

Lyle, David S. (David Stephen), 1971-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Optimal Link Assignments for All-Terminal Network Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Link Assignments for All-Terminal Network Reliability Constantine Stivaros Computer Science are subject to failure have been exten- sively studied in the literature. Their reliability is regarded reliability measure, defined as the probability that the network remains connected after failures. Previous

Sutner, Klaus

126

On the Reliability of Wireless Sensor Networks Communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Reliability of Wireless Sensor Networks Communications Alexandre Mouradian and Isabelle Aug applications, which must meet time and reliability requirements. Works on the real-time ca- pability of WSNs have been proposed [1]. In this paper we propose to study the achievable reliability of WSNs, tacking

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

127

Reliable solar: powering communities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromising ScienceRecentRegionalReliability Technology earns

128

Apply reliability centered maintenance to sealless pumps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on reliability centered maintenance (RCM) which is considered a crucial part of future reliability engineering. RCM determines the maintenance requirements of plants and equipment in their operating context. The RCM method has been applied to the management of critical sealless pumps in fire/toxic risk services, typical of the petrochemical industry. The method provides advantages from a detailed study of any critical engineering system. RCM is a team exercise and fosters team spirit in the plant environment. The maintenance strategy that evolves is based on team decisions and relies on maximizing the inherent reliability built into the equipment. RCM recommends design upgrades where this inherent reliability is being questioned. Sealless pumps of canned motor design are used as main reactor charge pumps in PVC plants. These pumps handle fresh vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), which is both carcinogenic and flammable.

Pradhan, S. (Exxon Chemicals Canada, Ontario (Canada))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

ARMY VEHICLE DURABILITY OPTIMIZATION & RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARMY VEHICLE DURABILITY OPTIMIZATION & RELIABILITY How to Optimize the Vehicle Design to Minimize/Reduce the Weight? Under These Uncertainties, How to Achieve Component Level Reliability? Under These Uncertainties, How to Achieve System Level Reliability? Dynamics Analysis FE Model System Model Dynamic Stress

Kusiak, Andrew

130

Reliability onMultilayerModels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Network Reliability Analysis Based onMultilayerModels László Jereb, Péter Bajor, Attila Kiss a reliability analysis approach which is based on the multilayer model of the telecommunication network. Simple two­state reliability models are assigned to the network elements making it possible to describe

László, Jereb

131

Testing for PV Reliability (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE SUNSHOT workshop is seeking input from the community about PV reliability and how the DOE might address gaps in understanding. This presentation describes the types of testing that are needed for PV reliability and introduces a discussion to identify gaps in our understanding of PV reliability testing.

Kurtz, S.; Bansal, S.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

An Input Function Estimation Method for FDG-PET Human Brain Studies 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Input Function Estimation Method for FDG-PET Human Brain Studies 1 Hongbin Guo ,2 Rosemary 85287-1804, Tel: 480-965-8002, Fax: 480-965-4160 Email addresses: hb guo@asu.edu (Hongbin Guo), renaut

Renaut, Rosemary

133

Inhalation anesthesia in experimental radiotherapy: a reliable and time-saving system for multifractionation studies in a clinical department. [Rats; Mice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An inhalation anesthesia system has been employed to overcome several of the limitations associated wih the use of sodium pentobarbital and other i.p. administered anesthetics in experimental radiotherapy. The described method is reliable and time-saving. The depth and duration of anesthesia are easily controllable. Only 4 deaths have occurred with more than 6000 animal exposures. The use of polystyrene jigs is shown to provide adequate thermal isolation. Oxygen as a carrier of the anesthetic agent is expected to prevent a reduced tissue oxygenation and its radiobiologial consequences. The whole system is constructed as a mobile unit in which up to 16 mice or rats can be anesthetized simultaneously and irradiated in a single field with clinical treatment equipment during short time intervals between patient irradiations. The described advantages of this method make it specially suited for experiments with protracted fractionation schedules.

Ang, K.K. (Univ. Hospital, Leuven, Belgium); Van Der Kogel, A.J.; Van Der Schueren, E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Berkeley Lab has for several years been developing methods for selection of optimal microgrid systems, especially for commercial building applications, and applying these methods in the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). This project began with 3 major goals: (1) to conduct detailed analysis to find the optimal equipment combination for microgrids at a few promising commercial building hosts in the two favorable markets of California and New York, (2) to extend the analysis capability of DER-CAM to include both heat and electricity storage, and (3) to make an initial effort towards adding consideration of power quality and reliability (PQR) to the capabilities of DER-CAM. All of these objectives have been pursued via analysis of the attractiveness of a Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) Microgrid consisting of multiple nameplate 100 kW Tecogen Premium Power Modules (CM-100). This unit consists of an asynchronous inverter-based variable speed internal combustion engine genset with combined heat and power (CHP) and power surge capability. The essence of CERTS Microgrid technology is that smarts added to the on-board power electronics of any microgrid device enables stable and safe islanded operation without the need for complex fast supervisory controls. This approach allows plug and play development of a microgrid that can potentially provide high PQR with a minimum of specialized site-specific engineering. A notable feature of the CM-100 is its time-limited surge rating of 125 kW, and DER-CAM capability to model this feature was also a necessary model enhancement.

Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal; Lai, Judy; Coffey, Brian; Aki, Hirohisa

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

135

Maximal Reliability for Unit-weighted Composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

precisely measure scale reliability. In H. Yanai, A. Okada,A useful indicator of reliability? Personality & IndividualJ. M. F. (2000). Linking reliability and factor analysis:

Peter M. Bentler

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

RELIABILITY IMPROVEMENT OF BART TRAIN CONTROL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it was a response to the reliability problems introduced by~atelyowned rights. RELIABILITY IMPROVEMENT OF BART VEHICLEtask group to improve the reliability of the Bay Area Rapid

Turner, D.B.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Microgrids and Heterogeneous Power Quality and Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

high security, quality, reliability, and availability”, IEEELave, and Marija Ilic: “Creating Reliability Choice: HowBuilding Less Reliability into Electric Power Grids Could

Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Power Reliability at BASF Corporation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Reliability at BASF Corporation Thomas R. Theising Energy Systems Manager BASF Corporation ABSTRACT: Quality is defined not as what the supplier puts into the product but what the customer gets out and is willing to pay for. Power... of overcoming these problems. The approach of addressing the reliability of its utility systems is common within BASF. This paper will address one of BASF?s approaches to addressing Power Reliability. PROBLEM RECOGNITION: The first issue to address...

Theising, T. R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Power Reliability at BASF Corporation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Reliability at BASF Corporation Thomas R. Theising Energy Systems Manager BASF Corporation ABSTRACT: Quality is defined not as what the supplier puts into the product but what the customer gets out and is willing to pay for. Power... of overcoming these problems. The approach of addressing the reliability of its utility systems is common within BASF. This paper will address one of BASF?s approaches to addressing Power Reliability. PROBLEM RECOGNITION: The first issue to address...

Theising, T. R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

CSD Safety and Reliability Data  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Reliability Data Forecourt CSD Workshop Argonne National Laboratory Kevin Harrison 20-Mar-2013 2 Approach - Composite Data Products CDPs DDPs Results Internal analysis completed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information...

142

Applying Reliability Models to the Space Shuttle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applying Reliability Models to the Space Shuttle Norman F. Schneidewind Ted W. Keller #12;What are Reliability Models? Reliability Models are tools that Help Us: · Predict software Reliability. · Control software Reliability. · Assess software Reliability. This functions let an organization determine

Feitelson, Dror

143

Development/Plasticity/Repair A Structural MRI Study of Human Brain Development from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development/Plasticity/Repair A Structural MRI Study of Human Brain Development from Birth to 2 Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7510 Brain development in the first 2 years after birth and schizophrenia. Knowledge regarding this period is currently quite limited. We studied structural brain

Utah, University of

144

A study of heat distribution in human skin: use of Infrared Thermography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study of heat distribution in human skin: use of Infrared Thermography Domoina Ratovoson, Franck of this study is to be able to act quickly on body burns, to avoid propagating lesions due to heat diffusion the temperature change using an infra-red camera. Blood circulation in the veins was seen to clearly influence

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

145

Improved Imaged-derived Input Function for Study of Human Brain FDG-PET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved Imaged-derived Input Function for Study of Human Brain FDG-PET Hongbin Guo, Rosemary tomography (PET) studies. Two time windows can be recognized in the time activity curve measured from the compartmental model for FDG PET [5]. Index Terms Quantification of FDG PET, Automated Image-derived input

Renaut, Rosemary

146

FORMAL SEMANTICS AND VERIFICATION OF DYNAMIC RELIABILITY BLOCK DIAGRAMS FOR SYSTEM RELIABILITY MODELING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FORMAL SEMANTICS AND VERIFICATION OF DYNAMIC RELIABILITY BLOCK DIAGRAMS FOR SYSTEM RELIABILITY captured by existing reliability modeling tools. In this paper, we introduce a new reliability modeling tool, called dynamic reliability block diagrams (DRBD), for modeling dynamic relationships between

Xu, Haiping

147

Technique for Measuring Hybrid Electronic Component Reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Materials compatibility studies of aged, engineered materials and hardware are critical to understanding and predicting component reliability, particularly for systems with extended stockpile life requirements. Nondestructive testing capabilities for component reliability would significantly enhance lifetime predictions. For example, if the detection of crack propagation through a solder joint can be demonstrated, this technique could be used to develop baseline information to statistically determine solder joint lifelengths. This report will investigate high frequency signal response techniques for nondestructively evaluating the electrical behavior of thick film hybrid transmission lines.

Green, C.C.; Hernandez, C.L.; Hosking, F.M.; Robinson, D.; Rutherford, B.; Uribe, F.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

New correlation calculates reliable paraffin solubilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new correlation based on boiling point has been developed which accurately calculates paraffin solubilities in water. The correlation provides reliable solubility values down to very low concentrations (parts per million and less), for which the API correlation is not accurate. It can be used for initial engineering studies, including those involving health, safety, and environmental considerations.

Yaws, C.L.; Pan, X. (Lamar Univ., Beaumont, TX (US))

1991-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

149

Photovoltaic performance and reliability workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This workshop was the sixth in a series of workshops sponsored by NREL/DOE under the general subject of photovoltaic testing and reliability during the period 1986--1993. PV performance and PV reliability are at least as important as PV cost, if not more. In the US, PV manufacturers, DOE laboratories, electric utilities, and others are engaged in the photovoltaic reliability research and testing. This group of researchers and others interested in the field were brought together to exchange the technical knowledge and field experience as related to current information in this evolving field of PV reliability. The papers presented here reflect this effort since the last workshop held in September, 1992. The topics covered include: cell and module characterization, module and system testing, durability and reliability, system field experience, and standards and codes.

Mrig, L. [ed.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

According to the Canadian Electricity Association's (CEA) 2004 Canadian Electricity Human Resource Study (HR Study)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

According to the Canadian Electricity Association's (CEA) 2004 Canadian Electricity Human Resource and grow the electricity supply. Other industry realities such as the need to build and replace and increase within the electricity sector. The ability of educational and training institutions to adequately

151

A Comparative Study of Amyloid Fibril Formation by Residues 1519 of the Human Calcitonin Hormone: A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Comparative Study of Amyloid Fibril Formation by Residues 15­19 of the Human Calcitonin Hormone highly ordered fibrils, similar to those formed by the entire hormone sequence. However-sheet amyloid fibril. We observe that the most important chemical interactions contributing to the stability

Haspel, Nurit

152

An Ankle-Foot Emulation System for the Study of Human Walking Biomechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Ankle-Foot Emulation System for the Study of Human Walking Biomechanics Samuel K. Au Peter. A lack of understanding of the ankle-foot biomechanics and the dynamic interaction between an amputee and a prosthesis is one of the main obstacles in the development of a biomimetic ankle-foot prosthesis

Herr, Hugh

153

KEEPING THE FUTURE BRIGHT 2004 Canadian Electricity Human Resource Sector Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supply 8 Electricity consumption 9 Supply and demand projections 9 Electricity exports and importsKEEPING THE FUTURE BRIGHT 2004 Canadian Electricity Human Resource Sector Study #12;This project Electricity Association The Canadian Electricity Association (CEA), founded in 1891, is the national forum

154

Observing Human Motion Using Far-Infrared (FLIR) Camera Some Preliminary Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observing Human Motion Using Far-Infrared (FLIR) Camera ­ Some Preliminary Studies Janez Pers or FLIR cameras) are getting more and and more avail- able for civilian use. They are already used in in or re- motesensing classification systems rely on nonvisual sensors (e.g. FLIR or LADAR). The main

Kovacic, Stanislav

155

Int. J. Human-Computer Studies 63 (2005) 436451 Developing creativity, motivation, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, engineering, education, and computer science to present opportunities to enhance creativity, motivationInt. J. Human-Computer Studies 63 (2005) 436­451 Developing creativity, motivation, and self May 2005 Abstract Developing learning experiences that facilitate self-actualization and creativity

Burleson, Winslow S.

156

DEVELOPMENT OF A LOW-COST ROBOTIC MANIPULATOR AND ITS APPLICATION TO HUMAN MOTOR CONTROL STUDIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEVELOPMENT OF A LOW-COST ROBOTIC MANIPULATOR AND ITS APPLICATION TO HUMAN MOTOR CONTROL STUDIES C of the experimental results seen with more expensive systems. KEY WORDS Robotics, Manipulator, Motor Learning, a robotic planar manipulator has been used for this purpose [4] [5]. Such systems make use of direct

Moussavi, Zahra M. K.

157

Cerebral autoregulation and gas exchange studied using a human cardiopulmonary model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cerebral autoregulation and gas exchange studied using a human cardiopulmonary model K. Lu,1 J. W autoregulation, brain gas ex- change, and their interaction by means of a mathematical model. We have previously of intracranial dynamics. However, their models did not include gas transport in brain tissue and thus can

158

Connectivity and landscape patterns in human dominated landscape: a case study with the common frog Rana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Connectivity and landscape patterns in human dominated landscape: a case study with the common frog, Université de Savoie, Bâtiment Belledonne, 73376 Le Bourget du Lac, France Abstract Landscape connectivity is considered a key issue for biodiversity conservation and for the maintenance of natural ecosystems stability

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

159

Photovoltaics performance and reliability workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document consists of papers and viewgraphs compiled from the proceedings of a workshop held in September 1992. This workshop was the fifth in a series sponsored by NREL/DOE under the general subject areas of photovoltaic module testing and reliability. PV manufacturers, DOE laboratories, electric utilities and others exchanged technical knowledge and field experience. The topics of cell and module characterization, module and system performance, materials and module durability/reliability research, solar radiation, and applications are discussed.

Mrig, L. [ed.] [ed.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Photovoltaics performance and reliability workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document consists of papers and viewgraphs compiled from the proceedings of a workshop held in September 1992. This workshop was the fifth in a series sponsored by NREL/DOE under the general subject areas of photovoltaic module testing and reliability. PV manufacturers, DOE laboratories, electric utilities and others exchanged technical knowledge and field experience. The topics of cell and module characterization, module and system performance, materials and module durability/reliability research, solar radiation, and applications are discussed.

Mrig, L. (ed.) [ed.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A study of the reliability, validity, and norms of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale and the Marital Satisfaction Scale for use with Mexican Americans in Central Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; MDiv. , Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Arthur J. Roach This study was a validation study of the Marital Satisfaction Scale and the Dyadic Adjustment Scale for use in marital therapy and research with Mexican..., Spanier, 1976) and the Marital Satisfaction Scale (MSS, Roach, Frazier, 4 Bowden, 1981) when used with a Mexican American population. A second objective was to explore, for both scales, issues of bias and scoring pattern differences between Mexican...

Kummerer, Gene Henry

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Guessing human-chosen secrets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

number of third parties seeking to authenticate users [121, 244]. Reliable data on damages caused by weak human-chosen secrets is hard to come by [141], but a recent study of corporate data breaches commissioned by Verizon [12] suggested that nearly a... on Financial Cryptography and Data Security. Springer-Verlag, 2012 Some data on personal knowledge questions analysed in §7 was published in collaboration with Mike Just and Greg Matthews, who assisted in gathering government census records from around...

Bonneau, Joseph

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

163

Nuclear Decommissioning and Organisational Reliability: Involving Subcontractors in Collective Action  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 Nuclear Decommissioning and Organisational Reliability: Involving Subcontractors to the decommissioning. The use of subcontractors is not new; in the nuclear industry it became widespread in the 1990s reliability is at the heart of the safety of at-risk systems. Many studies have been conducted in the nuclear

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

164

Reliability Assessment Using Discriminative Sampling and Metamodeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 05M-400 Reliability Assessment Using Discriminative Sampling and Metamodeling G. Gary Wang Dept ABSTRACT Reliability assessment is the foundation for reliability engineering and reliability-based design optimization. It has been a difficult task, however, to perform both accurate and efficient reliability

Wang, Gaofeng Gary

165

Solid State Lighting Reliability  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage » SearchEnergyDepartmentScoping Study |4 SolarPVSolarEngineering forSCRSolid

166

Fundamental mechanisms of micromachine reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to extreme surface to volume ratios, adhesion and friction are critical properties for reliability of Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS), but are not well understood. In this LDRD the authors established test structures, metrology and numerical modeling to conduct studies on adhesion and friction in MEMS. They then concentrated on measuring the effect of environment on MEMS adhesion. Polycrystalline silicon (polysilicon) is the primary material of interest in MEMS because of its integrated circuit process compatibility, low stress, high strength and conformal deposition nature. A plethora of useful micromachined device concepts have been demonstrated using Sandia National Laboratories' sophisticated in-house capabilities. One drawback to polysilicon is that in air the surface oxidizes, is high energy and is hydrophilic (i.e., it wets easily). This can lead to catastrophic failure because surface forces can cause MEMS parts that are brought into contact to adhere rather than perform their intended function. A fundamental concern is how environmental constituents such as water will affect adhesion energies in MEMS. The authors first demonstrated an accurate method to measure adhesion as reported in Chapter 1. In Chapter 2 through 5, they then studied the effect of water on adhesion depending on the surface condition (hydrophilic or hydrophobic). As described in Chapter 2, they find that adhesion energy of hydrophilic MEMS surfaces is high and increases exponentially with relative humidity (RH). Surface roughness is the controlling mechanism for this relationship. Adhesion can be reduced by several orders of magnitude by silane coupling agents applied via solution processing. They decrease the surface energy and render the surface hydrophobic (i.e. does not wet easily). However, only a molecular monolayer coats the surface. In Chapters 3-5 the authors map out the extent to which the monolayer reduces adhesion versus RH. They find that adhesion is independent of RH up to a threshold value, depending on the coating chemistry. The mechanism for the adhesion increase beyond this threshold value is that the coupling agent reconfigures from a surface to a bulk phase (Chapter 3). To investigate the details of how the adhesion increase occurs, the authors developed the mechanics for adhesion hysteresis measurements. These revealed that near-crack tip compression is the underlying cause of the adhesion increase (Chapter 4). A vacuum deposition chamber for silane coupling agent deposition was constructed. Results indicate that vapor deposited coatings are less susceptible to degradation at high RH (Chapter 5). To address issues relating to surfaces in relative motion, a new test structure to measure friction was developed. In contrast to other surface micromachined friction test structures, uniform apparent pressure is applied in the frictional contact zone (Chapter 6). The test structure will enable friction studies over a large pressure and dynamic range. In this LDRD project, the authors established an infrastructure for MEMS adhesion and friction metrology. They then characterized in detail the performance of hydrophilic and hydrophobic films under humid conditions, and determined mechanisms which limit this performance. These studies contribute to a fundamental understanding for MEMS reliability design rules. They also provide valuable data for MEMS packaging requirements.

DE BOER,MAARTEN P.; SNIEGOWSKI,JEFFRY J.; KNAPP,JAMES A.; REDMOND,JAMES M.; MICHALSKE,TERRY A.; MAYER,THOMAS K.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Assessing reliability in energy supply systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R.N. , 1984. Power-system reliability in perspective, in:L. (Eds. ), 1991. Applied Reliability Assessment in ElectricR. , Allan, R.N. , 1996. Reliability Evaluation of Power

McCarthy, Ryan W.; Ogden, Joan M.; Sperling, Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Reliability Assessment Incorporating Operational Considerations and Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PSERC Reliability Assessment Incorporating Operational Considerations and Economic Aspects Engineering Research Center Reliability Assessment Incorporating Operational Considerations and Economic Center (PSERC) research project titled "Reliability Assessment Incorporating Operational Considerations

169

Assessing Reliability in Energy Supply Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R.N. , 1984. Power-system reliability in perspective, in:L. (Eds. ), 1991. Applied Reliability Assessment in ElectricR. , Allan, R.N. , 1996. Reliability Evaluation of Power

McCarthy, Ryan; Ogden, Joan M.; Sperling, Dan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Arnold Schwarzenegger REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT California ISO Real Laboratory Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions APPENDIXC October 2008 CEC-500 (VSA) prototype to monitor system voltage conditions and provide real time dispatchers with reliability

171

Constructing Reliable Distributed Communication Systems with CORBA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constructing Reliable Distributed Communication Systems with CORBA Silvano Maffeis Douglas C model to support reliable data- and process- oriented distributed systems that communicate through syn distributed object computing systems with CORBA. First, we examine the question of whether reliable applica

Schmidt, Douglas C.

172

NREL's Gearbox Reliability Collaborative leads to wind turbine gearbox reliability, lowering the cost of energy.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NREL's Gearbox Reliability Collaborative leads to wind turbine gearbox reliability, lowering operations. In 2007, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) initi- ated the Gearbox Reliability that contribute to reduced gearbox reliability. In contrast to private investigations of these problems, GRC

173

Recommendations to Address Power Reliability Concerns Raised...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Address Power Reliability Concerns Raised as a Result of Pending Environmental Regulations for Electric Generation Stations Recommendations to Address Power Reliability Concerns...

174

Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Comments of North American Electric Reliability...

175

NREL Publishes Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Findings Report...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

NREL Publishes Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Findings Report NREL Publishes Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Findings Report October 3, 2011 - 12:56pm Addthis This is an...

176

Sandia National Laboratories: Third Annual Continuous Reliability...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ClimateECEnergyThird Annual Continuous Reliability Enhancement for Wind (CREW) Database Report Now Available Third Annual Continuous Reliability Enhancement for Wind (CREW)...

177

Funding Opportunity Announcement: PHYSICS OF RELIABILITY: EVALUATING...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

PHYSICS OF RELIABILITY: EVALUATING DESIGN INSIGHTS FOR COMPONENT TECHNOLOGIES IN SOLAR 2 (PREDICTS 2) Funding Opportunity Announcement: PHYSICS OF RELIABILITY: EVALUATING DESIGN...

178

Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience,...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience, and Storm Responses (November 2014) Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience, and Storm Responses (November...

179

Sandia National Laboratories: Continuous Reliability Enhancement...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

StandardsContinuous Reliability Enhancement for Wind (CREW) Database and Analysis Program Continuous Reliability Enhancement for Wind (CREW) Database and Analysis Program 2013 CREW...

180

Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System Configurations of the Mirant Potomac River Plant Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System Configurations...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Thermoelectric Materials By Design: Mechanical Reliability (Agreement...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

By Design: Mechanical Reliability (Agreement 14957) Thermoelectric Materials By Design: Mechanical Reliability (Agreement 14957) Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...

182

Distributed Generation Operational Reliability and Availability...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Reliability and Availability Database, Final Report, January 2004 Distributed Generation Operational Reliability and Availability Database, Final Report, January 2004 This final...

183

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability PROGRAM DESCRIPTION  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

32 Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability PROGRAM DESCRIPTION The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) leads national efforts to modernize the electric...

184

Comparison study of the sensitivities of some indices of DDT exposure in human blood and urine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although exposure to DDT (2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl1)1,1,1,-trichloroethane) is not normally associated with fatality or chronic adverse effects to human life, it is a known hazard to the ecosystem. Blood levels of DDT and some of its derivatives have been used to assess extent of exposure or the body load of DDT in humans. In experimental studies, ingestion of DDT has been associated with reduced liver stores of vitamin A, and increased serum levels of vitamin A. The same study also revealed a significant correlation of vitamin A and DDE serum levels. Generally an increase in excreted 17-B-hydroxycortisone has been associated with DDT exposure. Increased excretion of 6-B-hydroxycortisol has been noted in workers who were involved in the formulation of DDT. The objective of this study was to compare the sensitivities of some indices of DDT exposure in humans. The indices which were compared are serum vitamin A and DDE levels and urinary 17-B-hydroxycortisol.

Nhachi, C.F.B.; Loewenson, R. (Univ. of Zimbabwe (South Africa))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Maximizing Energy Savings Reliability in BC Hydro Industrial Demand-side Management Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximizing Energy Savings Reliability in BC Hydro Industrial Demand-side Management Programs Supervisory Committee Maximizing Energy Savings Reliability in BC Hydro Industrial Demand-side Management of Environmental Studies) Departmental Member For energy utilities faced with expanded jurisdictional energy

Victoria, University of

186

TRAVEL DEMAND AND RELIABLE FORECASTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRAVEL DEMAND AND RELIABLE FORECASTS FOR TRANSIT MARK FILIPI, AICP PTP 23rd Annual Transportation transportation projects § Develop and maintain Regional Travel Demand Model § Develop forecast socio in cooperative review during all phases of travel demand forecasting 4 #12;Cooperative Review Should Include

Minnesota, University of

187

Empirical Measurements of Travelers' Value of Travel Time Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Travel time and travel time reliability are two fundamental factors influencing travel behavior and demand. The concept of the value of time (VOT) has been extensively studied, and estimates of VOT have been obtained from surveys and empirical data...

Danda, Santosh Rao

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

188

Reliability-based Design of Offshore Mooring Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study proposes new methods for the reliability-based design of structural systems, with emphasis on offshore mooring systems. After a brief introduction to the mooring systems, two main objectives are discussed in this dissertation. The first...

Mousavi, Mir Emad

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

189

SOFTWARE TESTING, VERIFICATION AND RELIABILITY Softw. Test. Verif. Reliab. (2014)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. An industrial case study using reactor protection system software shows that the automatically generated test defined by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Industrial FBD testing relies mostlySOFTWARE TESTING, VERIFICATION AND RELIABILITY Softw. Test. Verif. Reliab. (2014) Published online

190

Ris-M-2584 RELIABILITY CALCULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø-M-2584 RELIABILITY CALCULATIONS Improvements of methods intended for calculation of reliability of structures and systems Kurt E. Petersen Abstract. Risk and reliability analysis is increasingly being used in evaluations of plant safety and plant reliability. The analysis can be performed either

191

Reliability Failure Mode, Effects, and Criticality Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Failure Mode, Effects, and Criticality Analysis Addendum 1; HFE ~ ATM501 PAGE I I. Hiebert Reliability Engineer HFE · B-1 f #12;~~.~-~ -_ ~ ~ Reliability Failure Mode, Effects were slight adjustment in the linearizing resistors. The reliability is effected upward by the deletion

Rathbun, Julie A.

192

The design of a reliable reputation system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reliability by spreading its transactions evenly across all 20 peers in the system (shown by Distribution

Swamynathan, Gayatri; Almeroth, Kevin C.; Zhao, Ben Y.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years. Oral history of Dr. George Voelz, M.D., November 29, 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dr. George Voelz was interviewed by representatives of the US DOE Office of Human Radiation Experiments (OHRE). This oral history covers Dr. Voelz`s research on Manhattan Engineering District plutonium workers, the acute and long term effects of radiation, his inhalation studies, and his activities at the 1961 INL reactor accident (SL-1 Reactor). After a brief biographical sketch, Dr. Voelz his remembrances on tissue studies of plutonium workers, the plutonium injection studies of 1945-1946, the controlled environmental radioiodine tests of 1963-1968, and tracer studies with human volunteers at Los Alamos. Dr. Voelz states his opinions concerning misconceptions about the Los Alamos Human Radiation Experiments.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Wind Farm Diversification and Its Impact on Power System Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND FARM DIVERSIFICATION AND ITS IMPACT ON POWER SYSTEM RELIABILITY A Thesis by YANNICK DEGEILH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2009 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering WIND FARM DIVERSIFICATION AND ITS IMPACT ON POWER SYSTEM RELIABILITY A Thesis by YANNICK DEGEILH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

Degeilh, Yannick

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

195

NREL: Performance and Reliability R&D - Photovoltaic Reliability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and AchievementsResearchReliability Workshops

196

Studies on Shiga toxin type 1 mediated tumor necrosis factor synthesis in a human monocytic cell line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDIES ON SHIGA TOXIN TYPE 1 MEDIATED TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR SYNTHESIS IN A HUMAN MONOCYTIC CELL LINE A Thesis by RAMESH SAKIRI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AII M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1997 Major Subject: Biology STUDIES ON SHIGA TOXIN TYPE 1 MEDIATED TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR SYNTHESIS IN A HUMAN MONOCYTIC CELL LINE A Thesis by RAMESH SAKIRI Submitted to Texas A8M University in partial...

Sakiri, Ramesh

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years. Oral history of biophysicist Cornelius A. Tobias, Ph.D., January 16, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dr. Cornelius A. Tobias was interviewed by representatives of US DOE Office of Human Radiation Experiments (OHRE). He was chosen for this interview because of his extensive biophysics and medical physics research activities while he was employed by the University of California, Berkeley and San Francisco and at the Donner Laboratory. He discusses his involvement in wartime studies of effects of high altitude on aviators, carbon monoxide with radioactive tracers, blood studies with radioactive iron, human use committees, heavy-ion research with the Bevatron, boron isotope research, classified research involving human subjects, heavy-particle radiography, heavy- particle beams and medical research, and pituitary irradiation studies,.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Bearing Calibration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL has initiated the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) to investigate the root cause of the low wind turbine gearbox reliability. The GRC follows a multi-pronged approach based on a collaborative of manufacturers, owners, researchers and consultants. The project combines analysis, field testing, dynamometer testing, condition monitoring, and the development and population of a gearbox failure database. At the core of the project are two 750kW gearboxes that have been redesigned and rebuilt so that they are representative of the multi-megawatt gearbox topology currently used in the industry. These gearboxes are heavily instrumented and are tested in the field and on the dynamometer. This report discusses the bearing calibrations of the gearboxes.

van Dam, J.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Reliability assessment of autonomous power systems incorporating HVDC interconnection links  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to present an improved computational method for the overall reliability assessment of autonomous power systems that may or may not contain HVdc interconnection links. This is a hybrid method based on a Monte-Carlo simulation sequential approach which incorporates an analytical approach for the reliability modeling of the HVdc transmission links. The developed models and techniques have been implemented into a computer program that can be used to simulate the operational practices and characteristics of the overall system under study efficiently and realistically. A set of reliability indices are calculated for each load-point of interest and the entire system while a set of additional indices is calculated for quantifying the reliability performance of the interconnection links under the specified operating requirements. The analysis of a practical system is also included for a number of studies representing its various operating and design characteristics.

Dialynas, E.N.; Koskolos, N.C. [National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Agoris, D. [Public Power Corp., Athens (Greece)] [Public Power Corp., Athens (Greece)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Reliability importance analysis of Markovian systems at steady state using perturbation analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability importance analysis of Markovian systems at steady state using perturbation analysis for static systems, i.e. systems described by combinatorial reliability models (fault or event trees for steady state sensitivity analysis of Markov processes in reliability studies. Keywords: perturbation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Reliability Improvement Programs in Steam Distribution and Power Generation Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

improvements in the reliability and efficiency of the system. Recent studies have shown that more than 40% of all in stalled steam traps and 20% of certain types of valves n~ed ' some form of corrective action. The majority of all high backpressure... problems in condensate return systems are due to poor design criteria in expanding or retrofitting existing return systems. By instituting a maintenance management program,a 95% reliability can be gained with two to four annual maintenance cyc...

Atlas, R. D.

202

Reliability Improvement Programs in Steam Distribution and Power Generation Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELIABILITY IIIPROVEfWlT PROGRAMS IN STEAM DISTRIBUTION AND POVER GENERATION SYSTEItS Steve Petto Tech/Serv Corporation Blue Bell, PA Abstract This paper will present alternatives to costly corrective maintenance of the steam trap... In the reliability and efficiency of the system. Recent studies have shownt hat more than 40% of all In stalled steam traps and 20% of certain types of valves need some form of corrective action. The majority of all high backpressure problems In condensate return...

Petto, S.

203

Improved load models for multi-area reliability calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPROVED LOAD MODELS FOR MULTI-AREA RELIABILITY CALCULATIONS A Thesis by SANJESH PATHAK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 1992 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering IMPROVED LOAD MODELS FOR MULTI-AREA RELIABILITY CALCULATIONS A Thesis by SAN JESH PATHAK Approved as to style and content by: Chanan Singh (Chair of Committee) Prasad Enjeti (Member) Ces . Mal, e...

Pathak, Sanjesh

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Study of two G-protein coupled receptor variants of human trace amine-associated receptor 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here we report the study of two bioengineered variants of human trace amine-associated receptor 5 (hTAAR5) that were expressed in stable tetracycline-inducible HEK293S cell lines. A systematic detergent screen showed that ...

Wang, Xiaoqiang

205

The Materials Reliability Division has established several capabilities for analyzing the reliability of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Materials Reliability Division has established several capabilities for analyzing the reliability of small scale structures, including a number of custom instruments developed specifically@boulder.nist.gov FACILITIES Measurement Facilities: Small-Scale Mechanical Reliability Materials Science and Engineering

206

Microgrids and Heterogeneous Security, Quality, Reliability, and Availability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Energy Reliability, Distribution System Integrationand Energy Reliability, Distribution System Integration

Marnay, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Sandia National Laboratories: Inverter Reliability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLS Exhibit atVehicleEnergyPolydotsMicroReliability 2013

208

Reliability Challenges for Solar Energy (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presentation that reviews reliability issues related to various types of photovoltaic tecnnologies, including crystalline silicon, thin films, and concentrating PV.

Kurtz, S.

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

209

LUNAR MASS SPECTROMETER RELIABILITY LOGIC DIAGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

point (A) to (F). The block diagram also defines the reliability functions for the purpose of FMEA 1

Rathbun, Julie A.

210

SOFTWARE RELIABILITY SIMULATION Robert C. Tausworthe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHAPTER 16 SOFTWARE RELIABILITY SIMULATION Robert C. Tausworthe Jet Propulsion Laboratory, together with their attributes and interrelationships, that are related to reliability 1 comprise what we here refer to as the reliability process. The artifacts of the software life cycle include doc­ uments

Lyu, Michael R.

211

Network Reliability: Models, Measures and Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Network Reliability: Models, Measures and Analysis #3; L.Jereb Department of Telecommunications y quality services when the network elements apt to random failures. Several network reliability models have of network reliability analysis and summarizes the critical issues. A possible solution taking into account

László, Jereb

212

RELIABILITY-BASED CASTING PROCESS DESIGN OPTIMIZATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELIABILITY-BASED CASTING PROCESS DESIGN OPTIMIZATION Richard Hardin1 , K.K. Choi1 , and Christoph 52242-1527 Keywords: Casting Process Design, Optimization, Reliability-Based Design Optimization purpose reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) software tool previously developed at the University

Beckermann, Christoph

213

Reliability Prediction -Array D Redundant Command Receiver  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Prediction - Array D Redundant Command Receiver ATM 981 I PAGI 1 OP 16 DATE 26 Feb. 1971 This Reliability Prediction was prepared by Motorola's Government Electronics Division as required combiner· .. There was a reliability design goal of · 998 for a two-year mission on the ... lunar surface

Rathbun, Julie A.

214

Arnold Schwarzenegger REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT Prototype Phasor-Based Real Reliability Technology Solutions APPENDIXE October 2008 CEC-500-2008-049-APE #12;#12;Prepared By: Lawrence in this report. #12;Slide 0 Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions Real-Time Dynamics

215

Reliability Analysis of Microelectronic Components and Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Reliability Analysis of Microelectronic Components and Materials Increasing numbers of the degradation processes relevant to soldered joints is crucial for more reliable life-cycle predictions. Joining methods are critical for the reliable use of electronic packages. In particular, since the advent

Berlin,Technische Universität

216

Transductive Reliability Estimation for Kernel Based Classifiers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transductive Reliability Estimation for Kernel Based Classifiers Dimitris Tzikas1 , Matjaz Kukar2@cs.uoi.gr Abstract. Estimating the reliability of individual classifications is very important in several applications such as medical diagnosis. Recently, the transductive approach to reliability estimation has been

Likas, Aristidis

217

Reliability Meets Big Data: Opportunities and Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Meets Big Data: Opportunities and Challenges William Q. Meeker Department of Statistics, 2013 Abstract Reliability field data such as that obtained from warranty claims and maintenance records products, the nature of field reliability data is changing dramatically. In particular, products can

218

Arnold Schwarzenegger REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT Prototype Phasor-Based Real Research Program Prepared By: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Consortium for Electric Reliability in this report. #12;#12;USER GUIDE Version 3 August 2005 Prepared by: for Consortium for Electric Reliability

219

RELIABILITY IN PERSONAL POSITIONING Heidi Kuusniemi1*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELIABILITY IN PERSONAL POSITIONING Heidi Kuusniemi1* , GĂ©rard Lachapelle2 , Jarmo Takala1 1 interference effects lead to measurement errors, and reliability monitoring in terms of proper fault detection in future new possibilities to provide integrity and reliability information to the user both at signal

Calgary, University of

220

RELIABILITY ENGINEERING: OLD PROBLEMS AND NEW CHALLENGES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 RELIABILITY ENGINEERING: OLD PROBLEMS AND NEW CHALLENGES E. Zio Dept. of Energy, Polytechnic: enrico.zio@polimi.it Abstract The first recorded usage of the word reliability dates back to the 1800s, albeit referred to a person and not a technical system. Since then, the concept of reliability has become

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The Whereabouts of Reliability Education: Challenges & Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. There is a gap between reliability theory and practice, between school and industry, book knowledge and real The probability that the system is still operating at time t. where f(t) probability density function h(t) failure changing and getting higher. #12;Some Reliability books in ... 1960s Igor Bazovsky (1961), Reliability

Bernstein, Joseph B.

222

Cornell Roundtable on Environmental Studies Topics The Arrogance of Humanism? : What Is the Role of the Humanities in the Environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College); Nancy Menning (Religious Studies, Ithaca College); Sarah Ensor (English, Cornell); Amy Kohout

Angenent, Lars T.

223

Spatially and Temporally Resolved Studies of the Human Microbiome (2011 JGI User Meeting)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI) invited scientists interested in the application of genomics to bioenergy and environmental issues, as well as all current and prospective users and collaborators, to attend the annual DOE JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting held March 22-24, 2011 in Walnut Creek, Calif. The emphasis of this meeting was on the genomics of renewable energy strategies, carbon cycling, environmental gene discovery, and engineering of fuel-producing organisms. The meeting features presentations by leading scientists advancing these topics. Rob Knight of the University of Colorado gives a presentation on "Spatially and Temporally Resolved Studies of the Human Microbiome" at the 6th annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 23, 2011

Knight, Rob [University of Colorado] [University of Colorado

2011-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

224

Spatially and Temporally Resolved Studies of the Human Microbiome (2011 JGI User Meeting)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI) invited scientists interested in the application of genomics to bioenergy and environmental issues, as well as all current and prospective users and collaborators, to attend the annual DOE JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting held March 22-24, 2011 in Walnut Creek, Calif. The emphasis of this meeting was on the genomics of renewable energy strategies, carbon cycling, environmental gene discovery, and engineering of fuel-producing organisms. The meeting features presentations by leading scientists advancing these topics. Rob Knight of the University of Colorado gives a presentation on "Spatially and Temporally Resolved Studies of the Human Microbiome" at the 6th annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 23, 2011

Knight, Rob [University of Colorado

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

225

Can Software Reliability Outperform Hardware Reliability in High-Performance Interconnects?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can Software Reliability Outperform Hardware Reliability in High-Performance Interconnects? A Case, Myrinet, InfiniBand, and others HPC networks are generally quite reliable without additional protocols link With this in mind, how should reliability be implemented? 3 #12;Onload or Offload? Some networks

Panda, Dhabaleswar K.

226

Reliable computation of homogeneous azeotropes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is important to determine the existence and composition of homogeneous azeotropes in the analysis of phase behavior and in the synthesis and design of separation systems, from both theoretical and practical standpoints. A new method for reliably locating any and all homogeneous azeotropes for multicomponent mixtures is presented. The method also verifies the nonexistence of homogeneous azeotropes if none are present. The method is based on interval analysis, in particular an interval-Newton/generalized-bisection-algorithm providing a mathematical and computational guarantee that all azeotropes are located. This general-purpose technique can be applied in connection with any thermodynamic models. The technique is illustrated in several example problems using the Wilson, NRTL, and UNIQUAC activity-coefficient models.

Maier, R.W.; Brennecke, J.F.; Stadtherr, M.A. [Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering] [Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The increased need to manage California?s electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically-integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management -- construction of new transmission lines -- has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools. This project: (1) developed and conducted first-ever demonstrations of two prototype real-time software tools for voltage security assessment and phasor monitoring; and (2) prepared a scoping study on improving load and generator response models. Additional funding through two separate subsequent work authorizations has already been provided to build upon the work initiated in this project.

Eto, Joe; Eto, Joe; Lesieutre, Bernard; Lewis, Nancy Jo; Parashar, Manu

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

228

This paper describes the Structure-Mapping Engine (SME), a cognitive simulation program for studying human analogical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the Structure-Mapping Engine (SME), a cognitive simulation program for studying human analogical processing. SME is based on Gentner's Structure-Mapping theory of analogy enhances cognitive simulation studies by simplifying experimentation. Furthermore, SME is very efficient

Forbus, Kenneth D.

229

Int. J. Human--Computer Studies (1998) 48, 51--67 Learning organizational roles for negotiated search in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Int. J. Human--Computer Studies (1998) 48, 51--67 Learning organizational roles for negotiated@bbtech.com This paper presents studies in learning a form of organizational knowledge called organizational roles-agent parametric design system called L-TEAM where a set of heterogeneous agents learn their organizational roles

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

230

Manufacturing Metrology for c-Si Module Reliability/Durabiltiy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Manufacturing Metrology for c-Si Module ReliabilityDurabiltiy Manufacturing Metrology for c-Si Module ReliabilityDurabiltiy Presented at the PV Module Reliability Workshop,...

231

2014 DOE Human Reliability Program (HRP) Workshop | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste and Materials2014 Chief Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) OfficerDOE

232

Radioisotope thermoelectric generator reliability and safety  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are numerous occasions when a planetary mission requires energy in remote areas of the solar system. Anytime power is required much beyond Mars or the Asteroid Belts, solar power is not an option. The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) was developed for such a mission requirement. It is a relatively small and lightweight power source that can produce power under adverse conditions. Just this type of source has become the backbone of the power system for far outer plant exploration. Voyagers I and II are utilizing RTGs, which will soon power the Galileo spacecraft to Jupiter and the Ulysses spacecraft to study the solar poles. The paper discusses RTG operation including thermoelectric design, converter design, general-purpose heat source; RTG reliability including design, testing, experience, and launch approval; and RTG safety issues and methods of ensuring safety.

Campbell, R.; Klein, J.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Probabilistic fatigue methodology and wind turbine reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind turbines subjected to highly irregular loadings due to wind, gravity, and gyroscopic effects are especially vulnerable to fatigue damage. The objective of this study is to develop and illustrate methods for the probabilistic analysis and design of fatigue-sensitive wind turbine components. A computer program (CYCLES) that estimates fatigue reliability of structural and mechanical components has been developed. A FORM/SORM analysis is used to compute failure probabilities and importance factors of the random variables. The limit state equation includes uncertainty in environmental loading, gross structural response, and local fatigue properties. Several techniques are shown to better study fatigue loads data. Common one-parameter models, such as the Rayleigh and exponential models are shown to produce dramatically different estimates of load distributions and fatigue damage. Improved fits may be achieved with the two-parameter Weibull model. High b values require better modeling of relatively large stress ranges; this is effectively done by matching at least two moments (Weibull) and better by matching still higher moments. For this purpose, a new, four-moment {open_quotes}generalized Weibull{close_quotes} model is introduced. Load and resistance factor design (LRFD) methodology for design against fatigue is proposed and demonstrated using data from two horizontal-axis wind turbines. To estimate fatigue damage, wind turbine blade loads have been represented by their first three statistical moments across a range of wind conditions. Based on the moments {mu}{sub 1}{hor_ellipsis}{mu}{sub 3}, new {open_quotes}quadratic Weibull{close_quotes} load distribution models are introduced. The fatigue reliability is found to be notably affected by the choice of load distribution model.

Lange, C.H. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Insulator damage endangers public, power reliability; ratepayers...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Insulator-damage-endangers-public-power-reliability-ratepayers-foot-repair-bill Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us...

235

General Order Ensuring Reliable Electric Service (Louisiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The standards set forth herein have been developed to provide consumers, the Louisiana Public Service Commission, and jurisdictional electric utilities with a uniform method of ensuring reliable...

236

Mechanical Reliability of Piezo-Stack Actuators  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Review Guidelines Mechanical Reliability of Piezo-Stack Actuators (Agreement 13329) Andrew A. Wereszczak, Hong Wang, and Hua-Tay Lin Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, TN...

237

Improving Wind Turbine Gearbox Reliability: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a new research and development initiative to improve gearbox reliability in wind turbines begun at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, USA.

Musial, W.; Butterfield, S.; McNiff, B.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years. Oral history of Merril Eisenbud, January 26, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Merril Eisenbud was interviewed on January 26, 1995 by representatives of the US DOE Office of Human Radiation Experiments. Following a brief biographical sketch, Mr. Eisenbud relates his remembrances as the AEC`s first industrial hygienist, the setting up of AEC`s Health and Safety Laboratory, monitoring radioactive fallout, and use or exposure of humans to radiation.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Reliability Module By: Alex Miller and Mark Robinson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Module By: Alex Miller and Mark Robinson Material Summarized from Reliability Module://spacese.spacegrant.org/). #12;Key Concepts Understanding the importance of reliability as an engineering discipline to calculate reliability Mathematically Visually (block diagrams) Source: Exploration Systems Engineering

Rhoads, James

240

On the Possibility of an Astronomical Perspective in the Study of Human Evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Sapient Paradox is the apparently unexplainable time delay of several ten thousand years following the arrival of Homo sapiens in Asia and Europe and before the introduction of impressive innovations with the agricultural revolution. Renfrew (2007) has suggested that the solution of the paradox has to do with changes in modes of thought that occurred with sedentism. According to Renfrew, this is a subject of study for cognitive archaeology where the final goal would be to understand the formation of the human mind. Several scholars, however, affirm that climatic change was crucial to such a revolution as it would have been very difficult to develop agriculture during the Palaeolithic. In other words, sedentism was not justified during the ice age, and that may be the solution to the paradox. It is widely accepted that climate variations were due to so-called orbital forcing, the slow periodic changes of orbital parameters of the Earth (known also as the Milankovitch theory). These and other astronomical e...

Antonello, E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

PV Performance and Reliability Validation Capabilities at Sandia...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Performance and Reliability Validation Capabilities at Sandia National Laboratories PV Performance and Reliability Validation Capabilities at Sandia National Laboratories This...

242

Abstract --Recent human pharmacological fMRI studies suggest that oxytocin (OT) is a centrally-acting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract -- Recent human pharmacological fMRI studies suggest that oxytocin (OT) is a centrally-acting neurotransmitter important in the development and expression of trusting relationships in men and women. OT of several key interacting brain regions affected by OT neurophysiology during social trust behavior

Dascalu, Sergiu

243

Reliability Meets Big Data: Opportunities and Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

products, the nature of field reliability data is changing dramatically. In particular, products can 1, 2013 Abstract Reliability field data such as that obtained from warranty claims and maintenance, however, many other potential applications for using such data. In this paper we review some applications

McCalley, James D.

244

Demand Response and Electric Grid Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Response and Electric Grid Reliability Paul Wattles Senior Analyst, Market Design & Development, ERCOT CATEE Conference, Galveston October 10, 2012 2 North American Bulk Power Grids CATEE Conference October 10, 2012 ? The ERCOT... adequacy ? ?Achieving more DR participation would . . . displace some generation investments, but would achieve the same level of reliability... ? ?Achieving this ideal requires widespread demand response and market structures that enable loads...

Wattles, P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Engineering Reliability into Web Sites: Google SRE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering Reliability into Web Sites: Google SRE Alex Perry alex.perry@google.com Santa Monica SRE, Google #12;Abstract This talk introduces Site Reliability Engineering (SRE) at Google, explaining team responsibilities by site Failures and instability consuming manpower Engineering being applied

Tomkins, Andrew

246

Reliable Distributed Computing for Decision Support Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliable Distributed Computing for Decision Support Systems Taha Osman, Andrzej Bargiela Department of application tasks on the currently avail- able computing nodes. Distributed Systems Reliability Due decision-support systems such as water distribution net- works, involving hundreds or even thousands

Bargiela, Andrzej

247

Data Communication Principles Reliable Data Transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Principles Switching Reliable Data Transfer Data Rate of a Communication Channel Transmission Media Data Principles Switching Reliable Data Transfer Data Rate of a Communication Channel Transmission Media Data Transmission Fiber vs Copper Wire Weight vs bandwidth Cost Security 11 / 52 #12;Data Communication Principles

Ramkumar, Mahalingam

248

Wind Energy Facility Reliability and Maintenance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Energy Facility Reliability and Maintenance Eunshin Byon, Lewis Ntaimo, Chanan Singh and Yu related to wind energy facility reliability and mainte- nance focused more on qualitative aspects. In this chapter, we provide a comprehensive account of the existing research regarding wind energy facility

Ding, Yu

249

CSEM WP 129 Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and retail electricity markets. These mechanisms include: wholesale market price caps, capacity obligationsCSEM WP 129 Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets* Paul Joskow and Jean Tirole April 2004 This paper is part of the Center for the Study of Energy Markets (CSEM) Working Paper Series. CSEM

California at Berkeley. University of

250

MULTIAREA SYSTEM RELIABILITY: THE ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF SYSTEM SECURITY CRITERIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MULTIAREA SYSTEM RELIABILITY: THE ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF SYSTEM SECURITY CRITERIA BY TEOMAN GULER B assessment studies and the quantification of the economics of secure power system operations security and the economics of secure operations in the competitive market environment. The advent

Gross, George

251

Comparison of reliability performance of group connected and conventional HVDC transmission systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A group connected HVDC transmission scheme is a variant of the unit connection where instead of a single generator, a group of generators are directly connected to the converter. Studies conducted in the past indicated that significant cost reduction can be achieved using this scheme. This is mainly due to the elimination of many components which results in considerable capital and operating cost savings to the utility. Concerns regarding the reliability performance of unit connected schemes were raised, however, there has not been a detailed reliability study conducted. This paper addresses the reliability evaluation aspect of a group connected scheme and compares the reliability performance of the group connected scheme with that of the conventional common collector system. Reliability models for both schemes were developed using a hypothetical system model based on the Nelson River system. Practical system component outage data was used to examine the reliability performance of both schemes.

Kuruganty, S. [Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Adaptive filtering to reduce global interference in evoked brain activity detection: a human subject case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following previous Monte Carlo simulations, we describe in detail an example of detecting evoked visual hemodynamic responses in a human subject as a preliminary demonstration of the novel global interference cancellation ...

Zhang, Quan

253

Fermentation of pectin and cellulose to short chain fatty acids: a comparative study with humans, baboons, pigs, and rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

digestibility to the human results. SCFA were measured using gas chromatography. The pH was measured before and after the fermentations. The percent fiber remaining after fermentation was assayed colorimetrically. The greatest interspecies differences were...%I@ W, W, '. '" yW~, t . . . M~~~)~ '1 r FERMENTATION OF PECTIN AND CELLULOSE TO SHORT CHAIN FATTY ACIDS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY WITH HUMANS, BABOONS, PIGS, AND RATS A Thesis by LEONILDE NONITA VILLALBA IL W I Z IJ Z 4 Z 4 2 5 V Z I...

Villalba, Leonilde Nonita

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

A study of the role of calcium and magnesium in casein micellar structure in human milk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pages follow the style of the Journal of ~OS Compared to bovine milk, relatively little is known about the effects of technological treatments on the individual constituents of human milk. One important constituent is the casein micelle. Human... compositions (20). The results of Lonnerdal and Forsum (19) indicate that this modification may also affect the bioavailability of trace minerals. Bovine milk contains approximately four to six times more calcium, phosphorus, and sodium and two to three...

Gallaway, Sheila Ann

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

OPTIMAL RELIABILITY ALLOCATION IN SERIES-PARALLEL SYSTEMS FROM COMPONENTS' DISCRETE COST -RELIABILITY DATA SETS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPTIMAL RELIABILITY ALLOCATION IN SERIES-PARALLEL SYSTEMS FROM COMPONENTS' DISCRETE COST - RELIABILITY DATA SETS: A NESTED SIMULATED ANNEALING APPROACH Subba Rao V. Majety# , Srikanth It is generally accepted that a component's cost is an increasing function of its reliability. Most researchers

Smith, Alice E.

256

Accepted for publication in Reliability Engineering and System Safety Analyzing the topological, electrical and reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accepted for publication in Reliability Engineering and System Safety Analyzing the topological, electrical and reliability characteristics of a power transmission system for identifying its critical of the system the reliability and electrical characteristics of its components. In each phase of the analysis: i

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

257

Reliable and Semi-reliable Communication with Authentication in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliable and Semi-reliable Communication with Authentication in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Falko of wireless ad hoc sensor networks is the error-proneness and, therefore, the unreliability of communication describe a new approach and an according protocol for usage in ad hoc networks that provides reliable

Breu, Ruth

258

Robot-Powered Reliability Testing at NREL's ESIF  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

With auto manufacturers expected to roll out fuel cell electric vehicles in the 2015 to 2017 timeframe, the need for a reliable hydrogen fueling infrastructure is greater than ever. That's why the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is using a robot in its Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) to assess the durability of hydrogen fueling hoses, a largely untested-and currently costly-component of hydrogen fueling stations. The automated machine mimics the repetitive stress of a human bending and twisting the hose to refuel a vehicle-all under the high pressure and low temperature required to deliver hydrogen to a fuel cell vehicle's onboard storage tank.

Harrison; Kevin

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

259

Method for reliability analysis of complex reactor systems. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method and a computer code for efficient and accurate reliability analyses of complex reactor systems are described and illustrated through an example. The method permits realistic analyses through its ability to accurately model and evaluate instantaneous and average unavailabilities for large systems with dependencies. The component models can include continuously monitored, non-repairable, and periodically tested components which are subject to failures resulting from components which are subject to failures resulting from component demands, stand-by conditions, human errors associated with testing and repair, as well as failures during actual operation. The numerical process used is efficient and allows analysis of general system configurations with arbitrary scheduling of maintenance operations.

Elerath, J.G.; Vaurio, J.K.; Wood, A.P.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Nuclear Computerized Library for Assessing Reactor Reliability (NUCLARR)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Reference Guide contains instructions on how to install and use Version 3.5 of the NRC-sponsored Nuclear Computerized Library for Assessing Reactor Reliability (NUCLARR). The NUCLARR data management system is contained in compressed files on the floppy diskettes that accompany this Reference Guide. NUCLARR is comprised of hardware component failure data (HCFD) and human error probability (HEP) data, both of which are available via a user-friendly, menu driven retrieval system. The data may be saved to a file in a format compatible with IRRAS 3.0 and commercially available statistical packages, or used to formulate log-plots and reports of data retrieval and aggregation findings.

Gilbert, B.G.; Richards, R.E.; Reece, W.J.; Gertman, D.I.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Robot-Powered Reliability Testing at NREL's ESIF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With auto manufacturers expected to roll out fuel cell electric vehicles in the 2015 to 2017 timeframe, the need for a reliable hydrogen fueling infrastructure is greater than ever. That's why the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is using a robot in its Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) to assess the durability of hydrogen fueling hoses, a largely untested-and currently costly-component of hydrogen fueling stations. The automated machine mimics the repetitive stress of a human bending and twisting the hose to refuel a vehicle-all under the high pressure and low temperature required to deliver hydrogen to a fuel cell vehicle's onboard storage tank.

Harrison; Kevin

2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

262

Computational Thermochemistry and Benchmarking of Reliable Methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the first and second years of the Computational Thermochemistry and Benchmarking of Reliable Methods project, we completed several studies using the parallel computing capabilities of the NWChem software and Molecular Science Computing Facility (MSCF), including large-scale density functional theory (DFT), second-order Moeller-Plesset (MP2) perturbation theory, and CCSD(T) calculations. During the third year, we continued to pursue the computational thermodynamic and benchmarking studies outlined in our proposal. With the issues affecting the robustness of the coupled cluster part of NWChem resolved, we pursued studies of the heats-of-formation of compounds containing 5 to 7 first- and/or second-row elements and approximately 10 to 14 hydrogens. The size of these systems, when combined with the large basis sets (cc-pVQZ and aug-cc-pVQZ) that are necessary for extrapolating to the complete basis set limit, creates a formidable computational challenge, for which NWChem on NWMPP1 is well suited.

Feller, David F.; Dixon, David A.; Dunning, Thom H.; Dupuis, Michel; McClemore, Doug; Peterson, Kirk A.; Xantheas, Sotiris S.; Bernholdt, David E.; Windus, Theresa L.; Chalasinski, Grzegorz; Fosada, Rubicelia; Olguim, Jorge; Dobbs, Kerwin D.; Frurip, Donald; Stevens, Walter J.; Rondan, Nelson; Chase, Jared M.; Nichols, Jeffrey A.

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

263

Study of the interaction of C60 fullerene with human serum albumin in aqueous solution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Concern about the toxicity of engineered nanoparticles, such as the prototypical nanomaterial C60 fullerene, continues to grow. While evidence continues to mount that C60 and its derivatives may pose health hazards, the specific molecular interactions of these particles with biological macromolecules require further investigation. To better understand the interaction of C60 with proteins, the protein human serum albumin (HSA) was studied in solution with C60 at C60:HSA molar ratios ranging from 1:2 to 4:1. HSA is the major protein component of blood plasma and plays a role in a variety of functions, such as the maintenance of blood pH and pressure. The C60-HSA interaction was probed by a combination of circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to understand C60-driven changes in the structure of HSA in solution. The CD spectroscopy demonstrates that the secondary structure of the protein decreases in -helical content in response to the presence of C60. Similarly, C60 produces subtle changes in the solution conformation of HSA, as evidenced by the SANS data and MD. The data do not indicate that C60 is causing a change in the oligomerization state of the protein. Taken together results demonstrate that C60 interacts with HSA, but it does not strongly perturb the structure of the protein by unfolding it or inducing aggregation, suggesting a mechanism for transporting C60 throughout the body to accumulate in various tissues.

Li, Song [Vanderbilt University; Zhao, Xiongce [National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health; Mo, Yiming [ORNL; Cummings, Peter T [ORNL; Heller, William T [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Inverse antagonist activities of parabens on human oestrogen-related receptor ? (ERR?): In vitro and in silico studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Parabens are p-hydroxybenzoic acid esters that have been used extensively as preservatives in foods, cosmetics, drugs and toiletries. These intact esters are commonly detected in human breast cancer tissues and other human samples, thus arousing concern about the involvement of parabens in human breast cancer. In this study, an in vitro nuclear receptor coactivator recruiting assay was developed and used to evaluate the binding activities of parabens, salicylates and benzoates via antagonist competitive binding on the human oestrogen-related receptor ? (ERR?), which is known as both a diagnostic biomarker and a treatment target of breast cancer. The results showed that all of the test parabens (methyl-, ethyl-, propyl-, butyl- and benzylparaben) possessed clear inverse antagonist activities on ERR?, with a lowest observed effect level (LOEL) of 10{sup ?7} M and the 50% relative effective concentrations (REC50) varying from 3.09 × 10{sup ?7} to 5.88 × 10{sup ?7} M, whereas the salicylates possessed much lower activities and the benzoates showed no obvious activity. In silico molecular docking analyses showed that parabens fitted well into the active site of ERR?, with hydrogen bonds forming between the p-hydroxyl group of parabens and the Glu275/Arg316 of ERR?. As the paraben levels reported in breast cancer tissues are commonly higher than the LOELs observed in this study, parabens may play some role via ERR? in the carcinogenesis of human breast cancer. In addition, parabens may have significant effects on breast cancer patients who are taking tamoxifen, as ERR? is regarded as a treatment target for tamoxifen. - Highlights: • An oestrogen-related receptor ? coactivator recruiting assay was developed. • Strong binding activities of parabens with oestrogen-related receptor ? were found. • The paraben levels reported in breast cancer tissues were higher than their LOELs. • Parabens may play some role via ERR? in the carcinogenesis of human breast cancer. • Parabens may have significant effects in breast cancer patients taking tamoxifen.

Zhang, Zhaobin; Sun, Libei; Hu, Ying; Jiao, Jian; Hu, Jianying, E-mail: hujy@urban.pku.edu.cn

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Achieving High Reliability Operations Through Multi-Program Integration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last 20 years the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has adopted a number of operations and safety-related programs which has each periodically taken its turn in the limelight. As new programs have come along there has been natural competition for resources, focus and commitment. In the last few years, the INL has made real progress in integrating all these programs and are starting to realize important synergies. Contributing to this integration are both collaborative individuals and an emerging shared vision and goal of the INL fully maturing in its high reliability operations. This goal is so powerful because the concept of high reliability operations (and the resulting organizations) is a masterful amalgam and orchestrator of the best of all the participating programs (i.e. conduct of operations, behavior based safety, human performance, voluntary protection, quality assurance, and integrated safety management). This paper is a brief recounting of the lessons learned, thus far, at the INL in bringing previously competing programs into harmony under the goal (umbrella) of seeking to perform regularly as a high reliability organization. In addition to a brief diagram-illustrated historical review, the authors will share the INL’s primary successes (things already effectively stopped or started) and the gaps yet to be bridged.

Holly M. Ashley; Ronald K. Farris; Robert E. Richards

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Reliability and economy -- Hydro electricity for Iran  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reliability is the probability that a device or system will perform its function adequately, for the period of time intended, under the operating conditions intended. Reliability and economy are two important factors in operating any system, especially in power generation. Due to the high rate in population growth in Iran, the experts have estimated that the demand for electricity will be about 63,000 MW in the next 25 years, the installed power is now about 26,000 MW. Therefore, the energy policy decision made in Iran is to go to power generation by hydroelectric plants because of reliability, availability of water resources and the economics of hydroelectric power.

Jahromi-Shirazi, M.J.; Zarbakhsh, M.H. [Teleh Shofage Co., Ghazvin (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

267

Application of the accurate mass and time tag approach in studies of the human blood lipidome  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a preliminary demonstration of the accurate mass and time (AMT) tag approach for lipidomics. Initial data-dependent LC-MS/MS analyses of human plasma, erythrocyte, and lymphocyte lipids were performed in order to identify lipid molecular species in conjunction with complementary accurate mass and isotopic distribution information. Identified lipids were used to populate initial lipid AMT tag databases containing 250 and 45 entries for those species detected in positive and negative electrospray ionization (ESI) modes, respectively. The positive ESI database was then utilized to identify human plasma, erythrocyte, and lymphocyte lipids in high-throughput quantitative LC-MS analyses based on the AMT tag approach. We were able to define the lipid profiles of human plasma, erythrocytes, and lymphocytes based on qualitative and quantitative differences in lipid abundance. In addition, we also report on the optimization of a reversed-phase LC method for the separation of lipids in these sample types.

Ding, Jie; Sorensen, Christina M.; Jaitly, Navdeep; Jiang, Hongliang; Orton, Daniel J.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Moore, Ronald J.; Smith, Richard D.; Metz, Thomas O.

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

268

Adaptive Reliability Analysis of Excavation Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This analysis couples the adaptive design capabilities of the observational method with updated reliability indices, to be used in risk-based design decisions. A probabilistic framework is developed to predict three-dimensional deformation profiles due...

Park, Jun Kyung

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

269

Reliability-Based Optimization Using Evolutionary Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uncertainties in design variables and problem parameters are often inevitable and must be considered in an optimization task if reliable optimal solutions are sought. Besides a number of sampling techniques, there exist ...

Deb, Kalyanmoy

270

Photovoltaic Reliability and Engineering (Revised) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Photovoltaic Reliability and Engineering. One-sided sheet that includes Scope, Core Competencies and Capabilities, and Contact/Web information.

Not Available

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Sandia National Laboratories: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar program Sandia R&D Funded under New DOE SunShot Program On November 27, 2013, in Energy,...

272

Reliability Issues for Photovoltaic Modules (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Si modules good in field; new designs need reliability testing. CdTe & CIGS modules sensitive to moisture; carefully seal. CPV in product development stage; benefits from expertise in other industries.

Kurtz, S.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

PV Module Reliability Research (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This National Center for Photovoltaics sheet describes the capabilities of its PV module reliability research. The scope and core competencies and capabilities are discussed and recent publications are listed.

Not Available

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Demand Response For Power System Reliability: FAQ  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Demand response is the most underutilized power system reliability resource in North America. Technological advances now make it possible to tap this resource to both reduce costs and improve. Misconceptions concerning response capabilities tend to force loads to provide responses that they are less able to provide and often prohibit them from providing the most valuable reliability services. Fortunately this is beginning to change with some ISOs making more extensive use of load response. This report is structured as a series of short questions and answers that address load response capabilities and power system reliability needs. Its objective is to further the use of responsive load as a bulk power system reliability resource in providing the fastest and most valuable ancillary services.

Kirby, Brendan J [ORNL

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Reliability of copper interconnects in integrated circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As dimensions shrink and current densities increase, the reliability of metal interconnects becomes a serious concern. In copper interconnects, the dominant diffusion path is along the interface between the copper and the ...

Choi, Zung-Sun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Reliability of lightning resistant overhead distribution lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An assessment of the 32 year historical reliability of the 13.8 kV electrical distribution system at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee has yielded several conclusions useful In the planning of Industrial power Systems. The system configuration at ORNL has essentially remained unchanged in the last 32 years which allows a meaningful comparison of reliability trends for the plant`s eight overhead distribution lines, two of which were built in the 1960`s with lightning resistant construction techniques. Meticulous records indicating the cause, duration, and location of 135 electric outages in the plant`s distribution system have allowed a reliability assessment to be performed. The assessment clearly shows how differences in voltage construction class, length, age, and maximum elevation above a reference elevation influence the reliability of overhead power distribution lines. Comparisons are also made between the ORNL historical data and predicted failure rates from ANSI and IEEE industry surveys.

Tolbert, L.M.; Cleveland, J.T.; Degenhardt, L.J.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Can We Distinguish Biological Motions of Virtual Humans? Perceptual Study With Captured Motions of Weight Lifting.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information Systems-- Animations ­ Artificial, augmented, and virtual realities Keywords: Human Motions of Weight Lifting. Ludovic Hoyet IRISA - INRIA Bunraku Team, Rennes Franck Multon Mouvement Sport Sant of Edinburgh Figure 1: Subject lifting a 6kg dumbbell: video of a real motion (up) and corresponding captured

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

278

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) Description and Loading  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes simulated turbine load cases in accordance to the IEC 61400-1 Ed.3 standard, which is representative of the typical wind turbine design process. The information presented herein is intended to provide a broad understanding of the gearbox reliability collaborative 750kW drivetrain and turbine configuration. In addition, fatigue and ultimate strength drivetrain loads resulting from simulations are presented. This information provides the bases for the analytical work of the gearbox reliability collaborative effort.

Oyague, F.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Reliability and Functional Availability of HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELIABILITY AND FUNCTIONAL AVAILABILITY OF HVAC SYSTEMS Sonny Myrefelt Dep. of Build. Serv. Eng., KTH, 10044 Stockholm, Sweden, and SKANSKA Sydost, V?xj?, Sweden Summary This paper presents a model to calculate the reliability... system, therefore, there must be sufficient documentation of design airflow rates. The compulsory ventilation checks performed in Sweden have focused on the importance of maintaining the design air flow rates. More about this activity can be seen...

Myrefelt, S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

AABBSSTTRRAACCTT MA, RUIQI. The Effect of In-Vehicle Automation and Reliability on Driver Situation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AABBSSTTRRAACCTT MA, RUIQI. The Effect of In-Vehicle Automation and Reliability on Driver Situation by automation and in- vehicle device use. Specifically, this study investigated the implications of adaptive; investigate the effect of varying reliability of in-vehicle automation (navigation aids) on driver SA

Kaber, David B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

-Reliability Patrick Th. Eugster Rachid Guerraoui Petr Kouznetsov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Reliability Patrick Th. Eugster Rachid Guerraoui Petr Kouznetsov Swiss Federal Institute of the reliability of broadcast algorithms, called - Reliability. This measure quantifies the reliability of practical broadcast algorithms that, on the one hand, were devised with some form of reliability in mind

Guerraoui, Rachid

282

Measurement Practices for Reliability and Power Quality  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides a distribution reliability measurement ''toolkit'' that is intended to be an asset to regulators, utilities and power users. The metrics and standards discussed range from simple reliability, to power quality, to the new blend of reliability and power quality analysis that is now developing. This report was sponsored by the Office of Electric Transmission and Distribution, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Inconsistencies presently exist in commonly agreed-upon practices for measuring the reliability of the distribution systems. However, efforts are being made by a number of organizations to develop solutions. In addition, there is growing interest in methods or standards for measuring power quality, and in defining power quality levels that are acceptable to various industries or user groups. The problems and solutions vary widely among geographic areas and among large investor-owned utilities, rural cooperatives, and municipal utilities; but there is still a great degree of commonality. Industry organizations such as the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA), the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), the American Public Power Association (APPA), and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) have made tremendous strides in preparing self-assessment templates, optimization guides, diagnostic techniques, and better definitions of reliability and power quality measures. In addition, public utility commissions have developed codes and methods for assessing performance that consider local needs. There is considerable overlap among these various organizations, and we see real opportunity and value in sharing these methods, guides, and standards in this report. This report provides a ''toolkit'' containing synopses of noteworthy reliability measurement practices. The toolkit has been developed to address the interests of three groups: electric power users, utilities, and regulators. The report will also serve to support activities to develop and share information among industry and regulatory participants about critical resources and practices. The toolkit has been developed by investigating the status of indices and definitions, surveying utility organizations on information sharing, and preparing summaries of reliability standards and monitoring requirements--the issues, needs, work under way, existing standards, practices and guidelines--for the following three classifications: (1) terms and definitions of reliability; (2) power quality standards, guidelines, and measurements; and (3) activities and organizations developing and sharing information on distribution reliability. As these synopses of reliability measurement practices are provided, it must be noted that an economic penalty may be associated with requiring too high a reliability level from the distribution system for all customers. It may be appropriate for the distribution system to supply only some base, generally accepted level of reliability. This base level would be adequate for the majority of customers. Users who need a higher level may find it economical to supply using distributed energy resources (DER) and other local solutions to reliability and power quality needs. Local solutions implemented by the customer may be the most cost-effective method for addressing the more stringent needs of a digital economy. These local solutions include energy storage, small distributed generators, and microgrids. This report also considers the market's role in addressing reliability issues and requirements. The customer's needs are discussed in view of issues such as power quality requirements of digital electronic equipment, the cost of outages, the cost of storage and new infrastructure, and natural gas prices. The market role in addressing these issues and requirements is explored. The economic considerations associated with the reliability issues are discussed, as well as the levels at which these economic decisions could be made. Finally, a discussion is provided of the role DER could play in addressing

Kueck, JD

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

283

Full-scale tests help improve reliability of DST tools  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A joint-industry project set up procedures and full scale tests to determine the reliability and integrity of drill stem test (DST) tools for use in difficult high pressure, high temperature wells. These DST tool tests helped determine changes needed to address reliability in high pressure, high temperature (HPHT) conditions and has demonstrated that DST tools could maintain integrity in this type of environment. Eleven major operators and service/testing companies in the Norway/U.K. area undertook a joint industry study to address these problems and to determine methods to increase the reliability of DST operations in HPHT well testing. Emphasis was placed on the selection of the downhole equipment used for the HPHT drill stem tests and design of the full scale testing of the North-Sea-area field tools in use. Additionally, an investigation was to be made to establish methods that could be used to verify and increase equipment reliability. The project also included design parameters for contingency conditions that were not normally present during equipment operations but could exist in emergency situations. Eleven tools, including tester valves, multiple-cycle circulating valves, bypass valves, and safety/circulating valves, from different service company/suppliers were rigorously tested. The paper describes the project, the tools tested, test methods, and results.

Ringgenberg, P. [Halliburton Energy Services, Dallas, TX (United States); Self, J.C. [Statoil, Stavanger (Norway)

1996-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

284

Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years. Oral history of Julie Langham Grilly, February 3, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Julie Langham Grilly was interviewed by representatives of the US DOE Office of Human Radiation Experiments (OHRE) being the widow of Dr. Wright Langham, an investigator of principal interest of the committee. Her extensive experience with research at LANL was also of interest to the committee. Following a brief biographical sketch, Ms. Grilly relates her early postwar experience and her knowledge of Wright Langham`s involvement in animal research at Los Alamos, radiolanthanum tests on monkeys, Eniwetok tissue examinations, research on tritium uptake in humans, plutonium injections, tritium injections, EDTA, and etc. In addition to illuminating her former husband as a researcher and as an individual, she also relates her remembrances of Louis Hempelman, Enrico Fermi, Oppenheimer, Edward Teller, and many others.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

High-performance, high-reliability tape storage for midrange and server-based environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operations can take advan- tage of lower cost tape storage. With an industry-leading design that enables repetitive handling by automated pickers or human operators, thus protecting the tape from the physical, provide unparalleled time-to-data levels and reliability. Magstar MP Fast Access Linear Tape family

286

TOWARDS RELIABLE STOCHASTIC DATA-DRIVEN MODELS APPLIED TO THE ENERGY SAVING IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Cleantech for Smart Cities & Buildings from Nano to Urban Scale (CISBAT 2013), Lausanne : Suisse (2013)" #12TOWARDS RELIABLE STOCHASTIC DATA-DRIVEN MODELS APPLIED TO THE ENERGY SAVING IN BUILDINGS A.Ridi1 at the elaboration of Information Systems able to optimize energy consumption in buildings while preserving human

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

287

RELIABILITY OF WIND POWER FROM DISPERSED SITES: A PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

addresses itself to the reliability benefit of geograph-is a function of its reliability. typically want electricityI..I.ND DOCUMENTS SŁCTION Reliability of Wind Power From

Kahn, E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Reliability Optimization of Redundant Software with Correlated Failures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Optimization of Redundant Software with Correlated Failures Walter J. Gutjahr \\Lambda of reliability optimization of modular software with redundancy. At present, these approaches seem to be limited to generalize these reliability optimization techniques by taking such correlations explicitly

Gutjahr, Walter

289

Reliability Based Vegetation Management Through Intelligent System Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Based Vegetation Management Through Intelligent System Monitoring Final Project Report Research Center since 1996 PSERC #12;Power Systems Engineering Research Center Reliability Based Vegetation project titled "Reliability Based Vegetation Maintenance Through Intelligent System Monitoring (T-27)." We

290

Reliability of ENSO Dynamical Predictions YOUMIN TANG AND RICHARD KLEEMAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability of ENSO Dynamical Predictions YOUMIN TANG AND RICHARD KLEEMAN Courant Institute, the authors have explored several important issues relating to ENSO predictability including reliability measures of ENSO dynamical predictions and the dominant precursors that control reliability. It was found

Tang, Youmin

291

Reliability based assessment of FRP rehabilitation of reinforced concrete girders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J.P. SE 224 Structural Reliability and Risk Analysis, CourseL.A. Statistical Methods for Reliability Data. AppliedA.S. ; Collins, K.R. Reliability of Structures; McGraw-Hill

Wilcox, Patrick Carlo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Integration of NDE Reliability and Fracture Mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory is conducting a four-phase program for measuring and evaluating the effectiveness and reliability of in-service inspection (lSI} performed on the primary system piping welds of commercial light water reactors (LWRs). Phase I of the program is complete. A survey was made of the state of practice for ultrasonic rsr of LWR primary system piping welds. Fracture mechanics calculations were made to establish required nondestrutive testing sensitivities. In general, it was found that fatigue flaws less than 25% of wall thickness would not grow to failure within an inspection interval of 10 years. However, in some cases failure could occur considerably faster. Statistical methods for predicting and measuring the effectiveness and reliability of lSI were developed and will be applied in the "Round Robin Inspections" of Phase II. Methods were also developed for the production of flaws typical of those found in service. Samples fabricated by these methods wilI be used in Phase II to test inspection effectiveness and reliability. Measurements were made of the influence of flaw characteristics {i.e., roughness, tightness, and orientation) on inspection reliability. These measurernents, as well as the predictions of a statistical model for inspection reliability, indicate that current reporting and recording sensitivities are inadequate.

Becker, F. L.; Doctor, S. R.; Heas!er, P. G.; Morris, C. J.; Pitman, S. G.; Selby, G. P.; Simonen, F. A.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Modelling Reliability of Train Arrival Times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper deals with the scheduling of trains so as to minimise train trip times, whilst maximising reliability of arrival times. The amount of risk of delay associated with a schedule is used as the reliability component of a constrained schedule optimisation model. The paper outlines the model developed to quantify the risk of delays to individual trains, as well as to specific track segments and to the schedule as a whole. The risk model, which deals with single track operations, can be used to estimate the likely impact on reliability of arrival times of changes in train frequencies and operating practices; track and station infrastructure investment strategies; and train technology upgrading. An application of the model to the optimisation of schedules on a track corridor is described. The results obtained using the model are compared with the schedules used by train operations planning staff, in terms of overall delay and timetable reliability. The results highlight the significance of including a measure of timetable reliability, such as risk of delays, in the objective function for scheduling optimisation.

L. Ferreira; A. Higgins

294

Reliability, Availability and Maintainability Considerations for Gas Turbine Cogeneration Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELIABILITY, AVAILABILITY AND MAINTAINABILITY CONSIDERATIONS FOR GAS TURBINE COGENERATION SYSTEMS Gyrus B. Meher-Homji and Alfred B. Focke Boyce Engineering International, Inc. Houston, Texas ABSTRACT The success of a cogeneration system... the choice of the number of gas turbines and waste heat recovery units to be utilized down to small components, such as pumps, dampers, hea t exchangers and auxiliary systems. . Rand M studies must be initiated in the conceptual phases of the project...

Meher-Homji, C. B.; Focke, A. B.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Natural streamflow cycles and effects on water supply reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Natural Streamf low Cycles and Effects on Water Supply Reliability. (August 2002) Fabrice Felden, Diploma de I'Ecole Speciale des Travaux Publics Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Ralph A. Wurbs The Texas Natural Resource Conservation... and cycles in streamflows that could be directly correlated to climate changes. The presence of trends and/or cycles in streamflows is primarily studied to assess the significance of not directly considering climate change in the Texas Water Availability...

Felden, Fabrice

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials Now Available Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials Now Available September 25,...

297

BPA Fact Sheet - Preparing for reliability entity registration...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Preparing for reliability entity registration Based on the NERC Functional Model The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005) strongly emphasized reliability of the nation's bulk...

298

The Business Case for Fuel Cells 2013: Reliability, Resiliency...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: Reliability, Resiliency & Savings The Business Case for Fuel Cells 2013: Reliability, Resiliency & Savings This report, compiled by Fuel Cells 2000 with support from the Fuel...

299

Reliability Tools for Resonance Inspection of Light Metal Castings...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Reliability Tools for Resonance Inspection of Light Metal Castings Reliability Tools for Resonance Inspection of Light Metal Castings 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

300

Data Center Efficiency and IT Equipment Reliability at Wider...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Center Efficiency and IT Equipment Reliability at Wider Operating Temperature and Humidity Ranges Data Center Efficiency and IT Equipment Reliability at Wider Operating Temperature...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Washington DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Washington DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate Mirant's Potomac River Generation Station to Support Local Area Reliability (Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2005)...

302

Now Available: Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience, and Storm Responses (November 2014) Now Available: Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience, and...

303

Texas Uses Phasors to Increase Electricity Reliability | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Texas Uses Phasors to Increase Electricity Reliability Texas Uses Phasors to Increase Electricity Reliability March 31, 2011 - 12:57pm Addthis Merrill Smith Program Manager, Office...

304

Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 -...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27 2013, Golden, Colorado Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27 2013, Golden, Colorado This...

305

Letter from Pepco Holdings Regarding the Reliability of Electric...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

from Pepco Holdings Regarding the Reliability of Electric Service in the District of Columbia Letter from Pepco Holdings Regarding the Reliability of Electric Service in the...

306

High Reliability, High TemperatureThermoelectric Power Generation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Reliability, High TemperatureThermoelectric Power Generation Materials and Technologies High Reliability, High TemperatureThermoelectric Power Generation Materials and Technologies...

307

Guide to Using Combined Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Guide to Using Combined Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability and Resiliency in Buildings Guide to Using Combined Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability and Resiliency in...

308

Effect of Jatropha based Biodiesel, on Engine Hardware Reliability...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Jatropha based Biodiesel, on Engine Hardware Reliability, Emission and Performance Effect of Jatropha based Biodiesel, on Engine Hardware Reliability, Emission and Performance...

309

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Recovery...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Recovery Program Plan Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Recovery Program Plan Microsoft Word - OE PSRP June 5 2009...

310

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is Closely Monitoring Hurricane Irene (2011) The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is Closely...

311

Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget Request Presentation Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget Request Presentation...

312

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security Project Selections Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security Project Selections On...

313

Structural and Functional Studies on Human Mitochondrial Iron-Sulfur Cluster Biosynthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. (2003) Formation of iron-sulfur clusters in bacteria: an emerging field in bioinorganic chemistry. Curr. Opin. Chem. Biol. 7, 166-173]. 3 as the nitrogen-fixation (NIF) machinery (8). The NIF pathway is often a specialized assembly system... of Fe?S Cluster Biogenesis in Human Mitochondria Name Essential in yeast Yeast homologs Bacterial homologs Proposed function & protein interactions Nfs1 Yes Nfs1 IscS, NifS, SufS Cysteine desulfurase, sulfur donor, Interacts with Isd11, Isu2...

Tsai, Chi-Lin

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

314

Thus mangle ye still the human race: a study in structural navigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that individuality is socially constructed so we are, in a sense, predetermined by the societies we are 3 raised in; however, that determinacy does not preclude any agency and once we have become self aware, we are capable of making changes within the bounds... one another at a first glance?? (Ibid., 88-89). Unlike T?nnies, Durkheim does not have a long story to explain the existence of the division of labor; he argues it has always existed, in one form or another, in human societies; in mechanical...

Harden, B. Garrick

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

315

When is More Data Valuable to Human Operators? The Cognitive Engineering Laboratory (CEL) plans to conduct a microworld simulator study during the summer of 2014.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When is More Data Valuable to Human Operators? The Cognitive Engineering Laboratory (CEL) plans to conduct a microworld simulator study during the summer of 2014. The objective is to evaluate human only looked at operator performance under normal operating conditions. Will having additional sensor

316

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Update: A Brief (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation is an update on the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) for the AWEA Wind Project Operations, Maintenance & Reliability Seminar. GRC accomplishments are: (1) Failure database software deployed - partners see business value for themselves and customers; (2) Designed, built, instrumented, and tested two gearboxes - (a) Generated unprecedented public domain test data from both field testing and dynamometer testing, (b) Different responses from 'identical' gearboxes, (c) Demonstrated importance of non-torque loading and modeling approach; and (3) Active collaborative, with wide industry support, leveraging DOE funding - Modeling round robin and Condition Monitoring round robin.

Sheng, S.; Keller, J.; McDade, M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Sandia National Laboratories: PV Systems Reliability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLSMolten-SaltReliability PV Systems Reliability Sandia recognizes

318

Sandia National Laboratories: PV Systems Reliability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLSMolten-SaltReliability PV Systems Reliability Sandia

319

Sandia National Laboratories: Inverter Reliability Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLS Exhibit atVehicleEnergyPolydotsMicroReliabilityReliability

320

Failure and Reliability Analysis for the Master Pump Shutdown System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Master Pump Shutdown System (MPSS) will be installed in the 200 Areas of the Hanford Site to monitor and control the transfer of liquid waste between tank farms and between the 200 West and 200 East areas through the Cross-Site Transfer Line. The Safety Function provided by the MPSS is to shutdown any waste transfer process within or between tank farms if a waste leak should occur along the selected transfer route. The MPSS, which provides this Safety Class Function, is composed of Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs), interconnecting wires, relays, Human to Machine Interfaces (HMI), and software. These components are defined as providing a Safety Class Function and will be designated in this report as MPSS/PLC. Input signals to the MPSS/PLC are provided by leak detection systems from each of the tank farm leak detector locations along the waste transfer route. The combination of the MPSS/PLC, leak detection system, and transfer pump controller system will be referred to as MPSS/SYS. The components addressed in this analysis are associated with the MPSS/SYS. The purpose of this failure and reliability analysis is to address the following design issues of the Project Development Specification (PDS) for the MPSS/SYS (HNF 2000a): (1) Single Component Failure Criterion, (2) System Status Upon Loss of Electrical Power, (3) Physical Separation of Safety Class cables, (4) Physical Isolation of Safety Class Wiring from General Service Wiring, and (5) Meeting the MPSS/PLC Option 1b (RPP 1999) Reliability estimate. The failure and reliability analysis examined the system on a component level basis and identified any hardware or software elements that could fail and/or prevent the system from performing its intended safety function.

BEVINS, R.R.

2000-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Reliability modeling and evaluation of HVDC power transmission systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to present an improved computational method for evaluating the reliability indices of HVdc transmission systems. The developed models and computational techniques are described. These can be used to simulate the operational practices and characteristics of a system under study efficiently and realistically. This method is based on the failure modes and effects analysis and uses the event tree method and the minimal cut set approach to represent the system's operational behavior and deduce the appropriate system's failure modes. A set of five reliability indices is evaluated for each output node being analyzed together with the probability and frequency of encountering particular regions of system performance levels. The analysis of an assumed HVdc bipolar transmission system is also included.

Dialynas, E.N.; Koskolos, N.C. (National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Reliability estimates for selected sensors in fusion applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a study to define several types of sensors in use, the qualitative reliability (failure modes) and quantitative reliability (average failure rates) for these types of process sensors. Temperature, pressure, flow, and level sensors are discussed for water coolant and for cryogenic coolants. The failure rates that have been found are useful for risk assessment and safety analysis. Repair times and calibration intervals are also given when found in the literature. All of these values can also be useful to plant operators and maintenance personnel. Designers may be able to make use of these data when planning systems. The final chapter in this report discusses failure rates for several types of personnel safety sensors, including ionizing radiation monitors, toxic and combustible gas detectors, humidity sensors, and magnetic field sensors. These data could be useful to industrial hygienists and other safety professionals when designing or auditing for personnel safety.

Cadwallader, L.C.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Qualitative Reliability Issues for In-Vessel Solid and Liquid Wall Fusion Designs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a study of the qualitative aspects of plasma facing component (PFC) reliability for actively cooled solid wall and liquid wall concepts for magnetic fusion reactor vessels. These two designs have been analyzed for component failure modes. The most important results of that study are given here. A brief discussion of reliability growth in design is included to illustrate how solid wall designs have begun as workable designs and have evolved over time to become more optimized designs with better longevity. The increase in tolerable heat fluxes shows the improvement. Liquid walls could also have reliability growth if the designs had similar development efforts.

Cadwallader, Lee Charles; Nygren, R. E.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Grid Reliability- An Electric Utility Company's Perspective  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation—given at the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) Fall 2008 meeting—covers Southern Company's business continuity, North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) cybersecurity, and homeland security as well as physical recovery after a major outage, and five questions to ask your local utility.

325

Relatedness influences signal reliability in evolving robots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

minute in an arena containing a food and a poison source that both emitted red light (figure 1). Robots could distinguish food and poison only at a very close range. The performance of robots was proportional related robots produced signals that reliably indicated the location of the food source and thereby

Floreano, Dario

326

Interval Analysis and Reliability in Robotics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be highly reliable (i.e. for a robot used in surgical applications). The sources of uncertainties will restrict ourself in this paper to industrial robot. These type of robots have a base that is attached the mechanism motion). There are two main classes of industrial robots mechani- cal architecture: serial

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

327

"Reliability, Resiliency, and Restoration for Smarter Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Reliability, Resiliency, and Restoration for Smarter Grid Workshop" Save the Date April 3 and 4 at mohlsen@bnl.gov "The Resilient Smart Grid" to be held at Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, Long Island://www.bnl.gov/maps/. This is the 5th workshop that BNL is hosting on the Smart Grid. This Workshop will build on the previous

Ohta, Shigemi

328

Reliable Link Maintenance in Cognitive Radio Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resources and overcome the under-utilization of licensed spectrum. Since the licensed user still keeps) have to vacate the spectrum in case the licensed user claims it. In order to maintain the qualityReliable Link Maintenance in Cognitive Radio Systems Daniel Willkomm, James Gross and Adam Wolisz

Gross, James

329

Reliability of a Gaussian channel in the presence of Gaussian feedback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The communication reliability, or error exponent, of a continuous time, infinite band-width, Additive White Gaussian Noise channel was studied under a peak power constraint, in the presence of a feedback channel that was ...

Chawla, Aman

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Dynamic reliability using entry-time approach for maintenance of nuclear power plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-time processes have the potential to provide a significantly greater range of applicability and flexibility than traditional reliability tools for case studies related to equipment and components in nuclear power plants. In this dissertation, the finite...

Wang, Shuwen

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

331

Reliability-Based Decision Making: A Comparison of Statistical Approaches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability-Based Decision Making: A Comparison of Statistical Approaches J. M. Aughenbaugh whose reliability is well established and a new component that has an unknown reliability. In some scenarios, the designer may have some initial beliefs about the new component's reliability. The designer

Herrmann, Jeffrey W.

332

ContentsContents4466Reliability and quality control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ContentsContents4466Reliability and quality control 1. Reliability 2. Quality Control Learning outcomes You will first learn about the importance of the concept of reliability applied to systems previous experience with certain mathematical topics this time may vary considerably. 1 #12;Reliability

Vickers, James

333

ORNL/TM-2004/91 MEASUREMENT PRACTICES FOR RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORNL/TM-2004/91 MEASUREMENT PRACTICES FOR RELIABILITY AND POWER QUALITY A TOOLKIT OF RELIABILITY MEASUREMENT PRACTICES June 2004 #12;#12;ORNL/TM-2004/91 MEASUREMENT PRACTICES FOR RELIABILITY AND POWER QUALITY A TOOLKIT OF RELIABILITY MEASUREMENT PRACTICES John D. Kueck and Brendan J. Kirby Oak Ridge

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

334

Security-Constrained Adequacy Evaluation of Bulk Power System Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Security-Constrained Adequacy Evaluation of Bulk Power System Reliability Fang Yang, Student Member contingency selection, (b) effects analysis, and (c) reliability index computation. Effects analysis and reliability index computations. The methodology is demonstrated with the IEEE reliability test system. Index

335

Reliability and Validity: One Factor and Third Factor Tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 7 Reliability and Validity: One Factor and Third Factor Tests D. White and A. Korotayev 26 Sept 2003 Html links are live Reliability and validity are crucial issues in research. Reliability may have high validity but low reliability, in which case its correlations with other high validity

White, Douglas R.

336

A Hierarchical Model for Estimating the Reliability of Complex Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an approximation to the joint posterior distribution on the total system reliability was obtained. Many reliability or bounding moments of the system reliability posterior distribution (Cole (1975), Mastran (1976), DostalA Hierarchical Model for Estimating the Reliability of Complex Systems Valen E. Johnson, Todd L

Reese, Shane

337

Improving Work Flow Reliability Proceedings IGLC-7 275  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ballard1 ABSTRACT Improving work flow reliability is important for the productivity of linked productionImproving Work Flow Reliability Proceedings IGLC-7 275 IMPROVING WORK FLOW RELIABILITY Glenn units, and consequently for project cost and duration. One measure of work flow reliability is PPC

Tommelein, Iris D.

338

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY, VOL. 54, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2005 475 Quality-Reliability Chain Modeling for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY, VOL. 54, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2005 475 Quality-Reliability Chain Modeling for System-Reliability Analysis of Complex Manufacturing Processes Yong Chen and Jionghua Jin Abstract--System reliability of a manufacturing process should address effects of both the manufacturing

Jin, Jionghua "Judy"

339

Beyond Corridor Reliability Measures: Analysis of Freeway Travel Time Reliability at the1 Segment Level for Hotspot Identification2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beyond Corridor Reliability Measures: Analysis of Freeway Travel Time Reliability at the1 Segment and particularly1 freeways. However, it has become evident that travel time reliability, taking into account at the directional corridor level for planning4 purposes and analyze the ways in which travel time reliability can

Bertini, Robert L.

340

Stochastic PV performance/reliability model : preview of alpha version.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Problem Statement: (1) Uncertainties in PV system performance and reliability impact business decisions - Project cost and financing estimates, Pricing service contracts and guarantees, Developing deployment and O&M strategies; (2) Understanding and reducing these uncertainties will help make the PV industry more competitive (3) Performance has typically been estimated without much attention to reliability of components; and (4) Tools are needed to assess all inputs to the value proposition (e.g., LCOE, cash flow, reputation, etc.). Goals and objectives are: (1) Develop a stochastic simulation model (in GoldSim) that can represent PV system performance as a function of system design, weather, reliability, and O&M policies; (2) Evaluate performance for an example system to quantify sources of uncertainty and identify dominant parameters via a sensitivity study; and (3) Example System - 1 inverter, 225 kW DC Array latitude tilt (90 strings of 12 modules {l_brace}1080 modules{r_brace}), Weather from Tucumcari, NM (TMY2 with annual uncertainty).

Stein, Joshua S.; Miller, Steven P.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Structural Reliability: Assessing the Condition and Reliability of Casing in Compacting Reservoirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Effective stress may exceed rock compressive strength, inducing compaction. Wells in compacting reservoirs risk high failure and deformation rates. This project introduces the concept of structural reliability to quantify casing failure risks in compacting...

Chantose, Prasongsit

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

342

Reliable High Performance Peta- and Exa-Scale Computing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As supercomputers become larger and more powerful, they are growing increasingly complex. This is reflected both in the exponentially increasing numbers of components in HPC systems (LLNL is currently installing the 1.6 million core Sequoia system) as well as the wide variety of software and hardware components that a typical system includes. At this scale it becomes infeasible to make each component sufficiently reliable to prevent regular faults somewhere in the system or to account for all possible cross-component interactions. The resulting faults and instability cause HPC applications to crash, perform sub-optimally or even produce erroneous results. As supercomputers continue to approach Exascale performance and full system reliability becomes prohibitively expensive, we will require novel techniques to bridge the gap between the lower reliability provided by hardware systems and users unchanging need for consistent performance and reliable results. Previous research on HPC system reliability has developed various techniques for tolerating and detecting various types of faults. However, these techniques have seen very limited real applicability because of our poor understanding of how real systems are affected by complex faults such as soft fault-induced bit flips or performance degradations. Prior work on such techniques has had very limited practical utility because it has generally focused on analyzing the behavior of entire software/hardware systems both during normal operation and in the face of faults. Because such behaviors are extremely complex, such studies have only produced coarse behavioral models of limited sets of software/hardware system stacks. Since this provides little insight into the many different system stacks and applications used in practice, this work has had little real-world impact. My project addresses this problem by developing a modular methodology to analyze the behavior of applications and systems during both normal and faulty operation. By synthesizing models of individual components into a whole-system behavior models my work is making it possible to automatically understand the behavior of arbitrary real-world systems to enable them to tolerate a wide range of system faults. My project is following a multi-pronged research strategy. Section II discusses my work on modeling the behavior of existing applications and systems. Section II.A discusses resilience in the face of soft faults and Section II.B looks at techniques to tolerate performance faults. Finally Section III presents an alternative approach that studies how a system should be designed from the ground up to make resilience natural and easy.

Bronevetsky, G

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

343

Electronic logic for enhanced switch reliability  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A logic circuit is used to enhance redundant switch reliability. Two or more switches are monitored for logical high or low output. The output for the logic circuit produces a redundant and fail-safe representation of the switch outputs. When both switch outputs are high, the output is high. Similarly, when both switch outputs are low, the logic circuit's output is low. When the output states of the two switches do not agree, the circuit resolves the conflict by memorizing the last output state which both switches were simultaneously in and produces the logical complement of this output state. Thus, the logic circuit of the present invention allows the redundant switches to be treated as if they were in parallel when the switches are open and as if they were in series when the switches are closed. A failsafe system having maximum reliability is thereby produced.

Cooper, J.A.

1984-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

344

Reliability Estimation for Double Containment Piping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Double walled or double containment piping is considered for use in the ITER international project and other next-generation fusion device designs to provide an extra barrier for tritium gas and other radioactive materials. The extra barrier improves confinement of these materials and enhances safety of the facility. This paper describes some of the design challenges in designing double containment piping systems. There is also a brief review of a few operating experiences of double walled piping used with hazardous chemicals in different industries. This paper recommends approaches for the reliability analyst to use to quantify leakage from a double containment piping system in conceptual and more advanced designs. The paper also cites quantitative data that can be used to support such reliability analyses.

L. Cadwallader; T. Pinna

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Sample sizes for confidence limits for reliability.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We recently performed an evaluation of the implications of a reduced stockpile of nuclear weapons for surveillance to support estimates of reliability. We found that one technique developed at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) under-estimates the required sample size for systems-level testing. For a large population the discrepancy is not important, but for a small population it is important. We found that another technique used by SNL provides the correct required sample size. For systems-level testing of nuclear weapons, samples are selected without replacement, and the hypergeometric probability distribution applies. Both of the SNL techniques focus on samples without defects from sampling without replacement. We generalized the second SNL technique to cases with defects in the sample. We created a computer program in Mathematica to automate the calculation of confidence for reliability. We also evaluated sampling with replacement where the binomial probability distribution applies.

Darby, John L.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

The Lightswitch Wizard -- reliable daylight simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A web-based, non-expert daylighting analysis tool has been developed to support daylighting-related design decisions in peripheral private offices during an early design stage (http://buildwiz.com). The tool offers a comparative, reliable, and fast analysis of the annual amount of daylight in the offices (daylight factor and daylight autonomy) and the lighting energy performance of automated lighting controls (occupancy sensors, photocells) compared to standard on/off switches. Blinds are either manually or automatically controlled.

For Initial Design; C. F. Morrison; M. Dubrous; C. F. Reinhart ?; M. Morrison; F. Dubrous

347

Sandia National Laboratories: photovoltaic plant reliability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1developmentturbine bladelifetime ismobileparallelplant reliability Sandia-Electric

348

Reliable Power Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginia Blue Ridge And Piedmont Provinces |Rehobeth,Reliable Power Inc

349

A Study to Increase Participation of Habitat for Humanity Affiliates in LEED for Homes Certification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

affiliates across the United States, and the other five scorecards came from a production home builder in Texas. The scorecards were then compared by determining the mean of points for each question. From this case study, the survey shows cost and knowledge...

Rabb, Amy Elizabeth

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

350

Cognitive Science (Humanities)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive Science (Humanities) The University of Edinburgh College of Humanities and Social Science: Cognitive Science (Humanities) BSc Honours in: Cognitive Science Please see separate information sheets the disciplines that contribute to the study of human cognition. The Cognitive Science programme at Edinburgh

Schnaufer, Achim

351

Blade reliability collaborative : collection of defect, damage and repair data.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Blade Reliability Collaborative (BRC) was started by the Wind Energy Technologies Department of Sandia National Laboratories and DOE in 2010 with the goal of gaining insight into planned and unplanned O&M issues associated with wind turbine blades. A significant part of BRC is the Blade Defect, Damage and Repair Survey task, which will gather data from blade manufacturers, service companies, operators and prior studies to determine details about the largest sources of blade unreliability. This report summarizes the initial findings from this work.

Ashwill, Thomas D.; Ogilvie, Alistair B.; Paquette, Joshua A.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

The Reliability of Triage Classification as a Predictor of Severity in Major Trauma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

egional A bstracts The Reliability of Triage Classificationbe undertaken to validate its reliability and consideration

Moreno-Walton, Lisa; Torres, Hector; Radeos, Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Study the cytotoxicity of different kinds of water-soluble nanoparticles in human osteoblast-like MG-63 cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: ? Preparation of three kinds of water-soluble QDs: CdTe, CdTe@SiO{sub 2}, Mn:ZnSe. ? Evaluated the cytotoxicity qualitatively and quantitatively. ? Fluorescent staining. ? Detected the total intracellular cadmium in cells. -- Abstract: Quantum nanoparticles have been applied extensively in biological and medical fields, the cytotoxicity of nanoparticles becomes the key point we should concern. In this paper, the cytotoxicity of three kinds of water-soluble nanoparticles: CdTe, CdTe@SiO{sub 2} and Mn:ZnSe was studied. We evaluated the nanoparticles toxicity qualitatively by observing the morphological changes of human osteoblast-like MG-63 cells at different incubation times and colorimetric 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays were carried out to detect the cell viability quantitatively. The results showed that CdTe nanoparticles with high concentrations caused cells to die largely while CdTe@SiO{sub 2} and Mn:ZnSe nanoparticles had no obvious effect. For further study, we studied the relation between the cell viability and the total cadmium concentration in cells and found that the viability of cells treated with CdTe@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles was higher than that treated with CdTe nanoparticles. We also discovered that the death rate of cells co-incubated with CdTe nanoparticles was proportional to the total intracellular cadmium concentrations.

Niu, Lu [Department of Analytical Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)] [Department of Analytical Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Li, Yang; Li, Xiaojie [Department of Pathophysiology, Prostate Diseases Prevention and Treatment Research Centre, Norman Bethune Medical School, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)] [Department of Pathophysiology, Prostate Diseases Prevention and Treatment Research Centre, Norman Bethune Medical School, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Gao, Xue [Department of Analytical Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)] [Department of Analytical Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Su, Xingguang, E-mail: suxg@jlu.edu.cn [Department of Analytical Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)] [Department of Analytical Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Continuous Reliability Enhancement for Wind (CREW) database : wind plant reliability benchmark.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To benchmark the current U.S. wind turbine fleet reliability performance and identify the major contributors to component-level failures and other downtime events, the Department of Energy funded the development of the Continuous Reliability Enhancement for Wind (CREW) database by Sandia National Laboratories. This report is the third annual Wind Plant Reliability Benchmark, to publically report on CREW findings for the wind industry. The CREW database uses both high resolution Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) data from operating plants and Strategic Power Systems' ORAPWind%C2%AE (Operational Reliability Analysis Program for Wind) data, which consist of downtime and reserve event records and daily summaries of various time categories for each turbine. Together, these data are used as inputs into CREW's reliability modeling. The results presented here include: the primary CREW Benchmark statistics (operational availability, utilization, capacity factor, mean time between events, and mean downtime); time accounting from an availability perspective; time accounting in terms of the combination of wind speed and generation levels; power curve analysis; and top system and component contributors to unavailability.

Hines, Valerie Ann-Peters; Ogilvie, Alistair B.; Bond, Cody R.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

The Missing Link: Assessing the Reliability of Internet Citations in History Journals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(31 October 2003): 787–88; Renee Crichlow and Nicole Winbush, “Accessibility and Accuracy of Web Page References in 5 Major Medical Journals,” JAMA 292 (2004): 2723– 24; Eric J. Hester et al., “Internet Citations in Oncology Journals: A Vanishing...- search note marks the first published attempt to answer that question in any field of the humanities or social sciences.2 We examined the reliability of worldwide web citations in two leading history journals (Journal of American History and American...

Russell, Edmund P.; Kane, Jennifer

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Reliability assessment of a 1 MV LTD.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 1 MV linear transformer driver (LTD) is being tested with a large area e-beam diode load at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). The experiments will be utilized to determine the repeatability of the output pulse and the reliability of the components. The 1 MV accelerator is being used to determine the feasibility of designing a 6 MV LTD for radiography experiments. The peak voltage, risetime, and pulse width as well as the cavity timing jitter are analyzed to determine the repeatability of the output pulse.

Portillo, Salvador; Chavez, Raymond (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Molina, Isidro; Kim, Alexandre A. (High Current Electronics Institute, Tomsk, Russia); Johnson, David L. (Titan Pulsed Sciences Division, San Leandro, CA); Maenchen, John Eric; Leckbee, Joshua J.; Ziska, Derek Raymond (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Final report on reliability and lifetime prediction.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document highlights the important results obtained from the subtask of the Goodyear CRADA devoted to better understanding reliability of tires and to developing better lifetime prediction methods. The overall objective was to establish the chemical and physical basis for the degradation of tires using standard as well as unique models and experimental techniques. Of particular interest was the potential application of our unique modulus profiling apparatus for assessing tire properties and for following tire degradation. During the course of this complex investigation, extensive relevant information was generated, including experimental results, data analyses and development of models and instruments. Detailed descriptions of the findings are included in this report.

Gillen, Kenneth Todd; Wise, Jonathan; Jones, Gary D.; Causa, Al G. [Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., Akron, OH; Terrill, Edward R. [Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., Akron, OH; Borowczak, Marc [Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., Akron, OH

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Accuracy and reliability of China's energy statistics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many observers have raised doubts about the accuracy and reliability of China's energy statistics, which show an unprecedented decline in recent years, while reported economic growth has remained strong. This paper explores the internal consistency of China's energy statistics from 1990 to 2000, coverage and reporting issues, and the state of the statistical reporting system. Available information suggests that, while energy statistics were probably relatively good in the early 1990s, their quality has declined since the mid-1990s. China's energy statistics should be treated as a starting point for analysis, and explicit judgments regarding ranges of uncertainty should accompany any conclusions.

Sinton, Jonathan E.

2001-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

359

Reliability Technology earns prestigious Los Alamos award  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromising ScienceRecentRegionalReliability Technology earns award

360

Granite Reliable Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place: Golden, COIndiana Jump to:Grand RidgeReliable Power

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Sandia National Laboratories: Blade Reliability Collaborative  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0Energy Advanced NuclearBASF latentBiofuelsBiomassReliability

362

Sandia National Laboratories: Blade Reliability Collaborative  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0Energy Advanced NuclearBASF latentBiofuelsBiomassReliabilityBlade

363

Sandia National Laboratories: Inverter Reliability Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLS Exhibit atVehicleEnergyPolydotsMicroReliability

364

Ensuring the Availability and Reliability of Urea Dosing For...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ensuring the Availability and Reliability of Urea Dosing For On-Road and Non-Road Ensuring the Availability and Reliability of Urea Dosing For On-Road and Non-Road 2003 DEER...

365

Energy Department Invests Over $10 Million to Improve Grid Reliability...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Over 10 Million to Improve Grid Reliability and Resiliency Energy Department Invests Over 10 Million to Improve Grid Reliability and Resiliency June 11, 2014 - 6:20pm Addthis...

366

Bus supervision deployment strategies for improved bus service reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bus service reliability has always been a top concern for transit agencies and their customers. Unfortunately, there are several factors detrimental to reliable bus service. Outside influences such as weather, traffic, and ...

Pangilinan, Christopher Allan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Implications of reliability in mechanistic/empirical pavement design applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to engineering is that; reliability is the probability that an engineered system will perform its required function adequately for a specified period of time under the stated conditions. Reliability is important because of the uncertainty involved...

Killingsworth, Brian Mark

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Wind Power Reliability: Breaking Down a Barrier | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wind Power Reliability: Breaking Down a Barrier Wind Power Reliability: Breaking Down a Barrier June 25, 2010 - 12:16pm Addthis EnerNex Corporation is developing documentation and...

369

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative - Phase 1 and 2 Overview (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The presentation given at the Wind Turbine Reliability Workshop at Sandia National Laboratories, August 2-3, 2011, serves as an overview for the findings from the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Project Report: Findings from Phase 1 and Phase 2 Testing

Link, H.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Designing CPV Receivers With Reliability: Early Evaluation of Components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Everett, A. Blakers Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems, The Australian National University, Canberra: Early detection of performance issues allows more rapid & reliable design optimisation. Thermal. Ultra light-weight Fresnel mirror enclosed system. DESIGN RELIABILITY PRODUCTION Early detection

371

Temperature Measurement During Polymerization of Bone Cement in Percutaneous Vertebroplasty: An In Vivo Study in Humans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aim of the study was to 'in vivo' measure temperature, during percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV), within a vertebral body injected with different bone cements. According to the declaration of Helsinki, 22 women (60-80 years; mean, 75 years) with painful osteoporotic vertebral collapse underwent bilateral transpedicular PV on 22 lumbar vertebrae. Two 10-G vertebroplasty needles were introduced into the vertebra under digital fluoroscopy; a 16-G radiofrequency thermoablation needle (Starburst XL; RITA Medical System Inc., USA), carrying five thermocouples, was than coaxially inserted. Eleven different bone cements were injected and temperatures were measured every 30 s until temperatures dropped under 45{sup o}C. After the thermocouple needle was withdrawn, bilateral PV was completed with cement injection through the vertebroplasty needle. Unpaired Student's t-tests, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used to evaluate significant differences (p < 0.05) in peak temperatures, variations between cements, and clinical outcome. All procedures were completed without complications, achieving good clinical outcomes (p < 0.0001). Regarding average peak temperature, cements were divided into three groups: A (over 60{sup o}C), B (from 50{sup o} to 60{sup o}C), and C (below 50{sup o}C). Peak temperature in Group A (86.7 {+-} 10.7{sup o}C) was significantly higher (p = 0.0172) than that in Groups B (60.5 {+-} 3.7{sup o}C) and C (44.8 {+-} 2.6{sup o}C). The average of all thermocouples showed an extremely significant difference (p = 0.0002) between groups. None of the tested cements maintained a temperature {>=}45{sup o}C for more than 30 min. These data suggest that back-pain improvement is obtained not by thermal necrosis but by mechanical consolidation only. The relative necrotic thermal effect in vertebral metastases seems to confirm that analgesia must be considered the main intent of PV.

Anselmetti, Giovanni Carlo, E-mail: giovanni.anselmetti@ircc.it; Manca, Antonio [Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment (IRCC), Interventional Radiology Unit (Italy); Kanika, Khanna; Murphy, Kieran [Johns Hopkins Hospital, Radiology and Radiological Science (United States); Eminefendic, Haris [Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment (IRCC), Radiology Unit (Italy); Masala, Salvatore ['Tor Vergata' University General Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Molecular Imaging, Interventional Radiology and Radiotherapy (Italy); Regge, Daniele [Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment (IRCC), Radiology Unit (Italy)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop 2010: February 18-19, 2010  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL's Photovoltaic (PV) Module Reliability Workshop (PVMRW) brings together PV reliability experts to share information, leading to the improvement of PV module reliability. Such improvement reduces the cost of solar electricity and promotes investor confidence in the technology--both critical goals for moving PV technologies deeper into the electricity marketplace.

Kurtz, J.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop 2014: February 25-26, 2014  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL's Photovoltaic (PV) Module Reliability Workshop (PVMRW) brings together PV reliability experts to share information, leading to the improvement of PV module reliability. Such improvement reduces the cost of solar electricity and promotes investor confidence in the technology--both critical goals for moving PV technologies deeper into the electricity marketplace.

Kurtz, S.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

GENETIC ALGORITHM DESIGN OF NETWORKS CONSIDERING ALL-TERMINAL RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENETIC ALGORITHM DESIGN OF NETWORKS CONSIDERING ALL-TERMINAL RELIABILITY Berna Dengiz and Fulya. The reliability and the cost of these systems are important considerations that are largely determined to solve the all-terminal network design problem when considering cost and reliability. The GA

Smith, Alice E.

375

Reliability, Sufficiency, and the Decomposition of Proper Scores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability, Sufficiency, and the Decomposition of Proper Scores Jochen Br¨ocker October 23, 2009 scoring rules allow for a decomposition into terms related to the resolution and to the reliability to forecasts for finite­valued targets. Both resolution and reliability are shown to have a positive effect

Bröcker, Jochen

376

Reliability-Constrained Latent Structure Peter Westfall and Kevin Henning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability-Constrained Latent Structure Models Peter Westfall and Kevin Henning Texas Tech allow you to estimate reliability of your measure of the fuzzy concept · LSMs allow you to estimate cannot identify reliability. · LSMs cannot identify relationships between fuzzy concepts. · LSMs cannot

Westfall, Peter H.

377

BAYESIAN RELIABILITY MODELING FOR MASKED SYSTEM LIFETIME DATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BAYESIAN RELIABILITY MODELING FOR MASKED SYSTEM LIFETIME DATA Lynn KUO \\Lambda Department to fail. The objective is to make inferences for the reliability of the components. In this paper we Title: Reliability Inference for Masked System Lifetime Data. 1. Introduction In the masked system

Kuo, Lynn

378

On the reliability of seasonal forecasts Antje Weisheimer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the reliability of seasonal forecasts Antje Weisheimer Weisheimer to achieving a "5"? à Use reliability of non-climatological forecastsDon: · if (X) C(X) à climatological (reliable) informaDon · if (X) C(X) à

Stevenson, Paul

379

Ecient Reliability Modeling and Analysis of Telecommunication Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EĂ?cient Reliability Modeling and Analysis of Telecommunication Networks #3; L#19;aszl#19;o Jereb approach which is based on a simple two-state reliability model of the network elements taking into account implemented in the network. Using these information the network performance-reliability indexes including

László, Jereb

380

Reliability-Centric High-Level Synthesis , N. Mansouri  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Reliability-Centric High-Level Synthesis S. Tosun , N. Mansouri , E. Arvas , M. Kandemir-down. As a result, it is becoming necessary to treat reliability as a first-class citizen in system design. In particular, reliability decisions taken early in system design can have significant benefits in terms

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Reliability Analysis of Deduplicated and Erasure-Coded Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Analysis of Deduplicated and Erasure-Coded Storage Xiaozhou Li Mark Lillibridge Hewlett Avenue Palo Alto, CA muysal@vmware.com ABSTRACT Space efficiency and data reliability are two primary, deduplication affects data reliability because an object's constituent chunks are often spread across a large

Lillibridge, Mark

382

Reliability Gain of Network Coding in Lossy Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Gain of Network Coding in Lossy Wireless Networks Majid Ghaderi Department of Computer that network coding improves network reliability by reducing the number of packet retransmissions in lossy networks. However, the extent of the reliability benefit of network coding is not known. This paper

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

383

Network Reliability Optimization via the Cross-Entropy Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Network Reliability Optimization via the Cross-Entropy Method Dirk P. Kroese, Kin-Ping Hui and reliability. Given a fixed budget, which links should be purchased in order to maximize the system's reliability? We introduce a new approach, based on the Cross-Entropy method, which can deal effectively

Kroese, Dirk P.

384

Exploring Reliability for Automatic Identity Verification with Statistical Shape Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exploring Reliability for Automatic Identity Verification with Statistical Shape Models Federico M reliability measure of the result. In fact, the segmentation process is One ofthe drawbacks ofstatistical to a wrong result [4]. generic reliability measure for statistical shape models. It This problem

Frangi, Alejandro

385

Bayesian Networks and Evidence Theory to Model Complex Systems Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bayesian Networks and Evidence Theory to Model Complex Systems Reliability Ch. SIMON, Ph. WEBER, E.levrat}@cran.uhp-nancy.fr Abstract-- This paper deals with the use of Bayesian Net- works to compute system reliability of complex systems un- der epistemic uncertainty. In the context of incompleteness of reliability data

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

386

Reliability of Heterogeneous Distributed Computing Systems in the Presence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability of Heterogeneous Distributed Computing Systems in the Presence of Correlated Failures Jorge E. Pezoa, Member, IEEE and Majeed M. Hayat, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--While the reliability) fail independently, the impact of correlated failures of CEs on the reliability remains an open

Hayat, Majeed M.

387

CSCI 668: Reliability MWF 11:0011:50 Jones 302  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CSCI 668: Reliability Fall, 2012 MWF 11:00­11:50 Jones 302 Instructor: Larry Leemis Office: Jones Purpose: This course introduces probabilistic models and statistical methods used in reliability reliability theory at the level of the current archival literature. This semester, you will read articles from

Leemis, Larry

388

Reliability: The Other Dimension of Quality William Q. Meeker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability: The Other Dimension of Quality William Q. Meeker Department of Statistics Iowa State extension of the revolution in product quality is to turn focus to product reliability, which is defined the relationship between engineering quality and reliability and outline the role of statistics and statisticians

389

"Reliability Inference Based on Multistate and Degradation Models"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Reliability Inference Based on Multistate and Degradation Models" Vijay Nair Department of Georgia Department of Statistics Colloquium Series Reliability or survival analysis is traditionally based on time-to-failure data. In high- reliability applications, there is usually a high degree of censoring

Arnold, Jonathan

390

Reliability Tradeoffs in Personal Storage Systems John A. Chandy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Tradeoffs in Personal Storage Systems John A. Chandy john.chandy@uconn.edu Sumit ABSTRACT RAID has long been established as an effective way to provide highly reliable disk subsystems. However, reliability in RAID sys- tems comes at the cost of extra disks and somewhat lower perfor- mance

Chandy, John A.

391

Reliability Analysis of Deduplicated and Erasure-Coded Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Analysis of Deduplicated and Erasure-Coded Storage Xiaozhou Li Mark Lillibridge Mustafa reliability are two primary concerns for modern storage systems. Chunk-based deduplication, which breaks up for saving storage space. However, deduplication affects data reliability because an object's constituent

Lillibridge, Mark

392

A note on independent-disjoint analysis of network reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A note on independent-disjoint analysis of network reliability R. E. Andersen Department include both SDPs and OBDDs, and are well suited for network reliability computations. Keywords. Sum of disjoint products; Binary decision diagram; Net- work reliability; Boolean function 1 #12;Network

Traldi, Lorenzo

393

Structural Reliability Analysis for One Dimensional, Two Phase Miscible Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structural Reliability Analysis for One Dimensional, Two Phase Miscible Flow David A. Coker­3600 December 22, 1992 Abstract An analytic structural reliability analysis is performed for first contact mis of the permeability. Key words: miscible flow, reliability methods, sensitivity analysis AMS(MOS): 35R60, 62N05,

New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

394

On some statistical aspects of software testing and reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On some statistical aspects of software testing and reliability Frank P.A. Coolen Abstract and reliability. Several difficulties are highlighted and several research challenges are discussed. Overall useful inferences on software reliability if the statistical methods are considered to be an `add

Coolen, Frank

395

Seeking Reliability in Freedom: The Case of F/OSS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 15 Seeking Reliability in Freedom: The Case of F/OSS Hamid R. Ekbia and Les Gasser Abstract The risks and hazards involved in computerized environments have turned "reliability" into a major is that more reliable, secure, and efficient software can be produced under the free/open source software (F

Indiana University

396

Development of a Successful Program in Reliability and Maintainability Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Maintainability Center The Maintenance and Reliability Center is a university - industry association dedicated at UT · Reliability and Maintainability Center (RMC) ­ University - industry association dedicated and reliability technologies and management principles ­ Industrial Center since 1996 with ~30 members

Bernstein, Joseph B.

397

Estimation of Photovoltaic System Reliability and Performance Metrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Estimation of Photovoltaic System Reliability and Performance Metrics Sairaj V. Dhople, Student reliability and perfor- mance analysis of grid-tied photovoltaic (PV) systems is for- mulated using Markov and energy yield, and reliability metrics such as availability. The paper also provides an analytical method

Liberzon, Daniel

398

RELIABILITY COMPARISON MODELS FOR OFFSHORE WIND TURBINES (OWT)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELIABILITY COMPARISON MODELS FOR OFFSHORE WIND TURBINES (OWT) Yizhou Lu, T. M. Delorm, A. Christou of the reliability of these 5 Types Surrogate failure rate data Onshore wind turbines (OT) 1-1.5MW CONCLUSIONS., Faulstich, S. & van Bussel G. J. W. Reliability & availability of wind turbine electrical & electronic

Bernstein, Joseph B.

399

Reliable Ad Hoc Group Communication using Local Neighborhoods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Reliable Ad Hoc Group Communication using Local Neighborhoods Lawrence Klos, Golden G. Richard Abstract - In this paper an enhanced reliability protocol added to the ODMRP multicast ad hoc protocol by operational phase. Index Terms ­ Mobile Networking, Ad Hoc Wireless, Multicast, Reliable, ODMRP. I

Richard III, Golden G.

400

Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop 2011: February 16-17, 2011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL's Photovoltaic (PV) Module Reliability Workshop (PVMRW) brings together PV reliability experts to share information, leading to the improvement of PV module reliability. Such improvement reduces the cost of solar electricity and promotes investor confidence in the technology--both critical goals for moving PV technologies deeper into the electricity marketplace.

Kurtz, S.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Opis: Reliable Distributed Systems in OCaml Pierre-Evariste Dagand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Opis: Reliable Distributed Systems in OCaml Pierre-´Evariste Dagand ENS Cachan-Bretagne, France concurrent and distributed systems, making them more widespread and more reliable. Among several models and imple- mentation challenges in developing reliable distributed sys- tems, making the field an excellent

Kuncak, Viktor

402

Guest Editorial: Special Issue on Reliable Distributed Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Guest Editorial: Special Issue on Reliable Distributed Systems Shambhu J. Upadhyaya, Senior Member, designers, and implementers of distributed systems, with emphasis on system properties such as reliability with the 19th IEEE Symposium on Reliable Distributed Systems held at Nuernberg, Germany, 2000, but the topics

Firenze, Universitŕ degli Studi di

403

Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop 2012: February 28 - March 1, 2012  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL's Photovoltaic (PV) Module Reliability Workshop (PVMRW) brings together PV reliability experts to share information, leading to the improvement of PV module reliability. Such improvement reduces the cost of solar electricity and promotes investor confidence in the technology--both critical goals for moving PV technologies deeper into the electricity marketplace.

Kurtz, S.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop 2013: February 26-27, 2013  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL's Photovoltaic (PV) Module Reliability Workshop (PVMRW) brings together PV reliability experts to share information, leading to the improvement of PV module reliability. Such improvement reduces the cost of solar electricity and promotes investor confidence in the technology--both critical goals for moving PV technologies deeper into the electricity marketplace.

Kurtz, S.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

A QUALITY CONTROL FRAMEWORK FOR BUS SCHEDULE RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A QUALITY CONTROL FRAMEWORK FOR BUS SCHEDULE RELIABILITY JIE LIN*, University of Illinois Institute A QUALITY CONTROL FRAMEWORK FOR BUS SCHEDULE RELIABILITY Abstract This paper develops and demonstrates a quality control framework for bus schedule reliability. Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) devices

Illinois at Chicago, University of

406

Mentoring Human Performance - 12480  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although the positive effects of implementing a human performance approach to operations can be hard to quantify, many organizations and industry areas are finding tangible benefits to such a program. Recently, a unique mentoring program was established and implemented focusing on improving the performance of managers, supervisors, and work crews, using the principles of Human Performance Improvement (HPI). The goal of this mentoring was to affect behaviors and habits that reliably implement the principles of HPI to ensure continuous improvement in implementation of an Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) within a Conduct of Operations framework. Mentors engaged with personnel in a one-on-one, or one-on-many dialogue, which focused on what behaviors were observed, what factors underlie the behaviors, and what changes in behavior could prevent errors or events, and improve performance. A senior management sponsor was essential to gain broad management support. A clear charter and management plan describing the goals, objectives, methodology, and expected outcomes was established. Mentors were carefully selected with senior management endorsement. Mentors were assigned to projects and work teams based on the following three criteria: 1) knowledge of the work scope; 2) experience in similar project areas; and 3) perceived level of trust they would have with project management, supervision, and work teams. This program was restructured significantly when the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA) and the associated funding came to an end. The program was restructured based on an understanding of the observations, attributed successes and identified shortfalls, and the consolidation of those lessons. Mentoring the application of proven methods for improving human performance was shown effective at increasing success in day-to-day activities and increasing confidence and level of skill of supervisors. While mentoring program effectiveness is difficult to measure, and return on investment is difficult to quantify, especially in complex and large organizations where the ability to directly correlate causal factors can be challenging, the evidence presented by Sydney Dekker, James Reason, and others who study the field of human factors does assert managing and reducing error is possible. Employment of key behaviors-HPI techniques and skills-can be shown to have a significant impact on error rates. Our mentoring program demonstrated reduced error rates and corresponding improvements in safety and production. Improved behaviors are the result, of providing a culture with consistent, clear expectations from leadership, and processes and methods applied consistently to error prevention. Mentoring, as envisioned and executed in this program, was effective in helping shift organizational culture and effectively improving safety and production. (authors)

Geis, John A.; Haugen, Christian N. [CALIBRE Systems, Inc., Alexandria, Virginia (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

NREL: Performance and Reliability R&D - Real-Time Reliability R&D  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and AchievementsResearchReliability WorkshopsReal-Time Reliability

408

Using wind plant data to increase reliability.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Operators interested in improving reliability should begin with a focus on the performance of the wind plant as a whole. To then understand the factors which drive individual turbine performance, which together comprise the plant performance, it is necessary to track a number of key indicators. Analysis of these key indicators can reveal the type, frequency, and cause of failures and will also identify their contributions to overall plant performance. The ideal approach to using data to drive good decisions includes first determining which critical decisions can be based on data. When those required decisions are understood, then the analysis required to inform those decisions can be identified, and finally the data to be collected in support of those analyses can be determined. Once equipped with high-quality data and analysis capabilities, the key steps to data-based decision making for reliability improvements are to isolate possible improvements, select the improvements with largest return on investment (ROI), implement the selected improvements, and finally to track their impact.

Peters, Valerie A. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Ogilvie, Alistair B.; McKenney, Bridget L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Adhesion and Thin-Film Module Reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Among the infrequently measured but essential properties for thin-film (T-F) module reliability are the interlayer adhesion and cohesion within a layer. These can be cell contact layers to glass, contact layers to the semiconductor, encapsulant to cell, glass, or backsheet, etc. We use an Instron mechanical testing unit to measure peel strengths at 90deg or 180deg and, in some cases, a scratch and tape pull test to evaluate inter-cell layer adhesion strengths. We present peel strength data for test specimens laminated from the three T-F technologies, before and after damp heat, and in one instance at elevated temperatures. On laminated T-F cell samples, failure can occur uniformly at any one of the many interfaces, or non-uniformly across the peel area at more than one interface. Some peel strengths are Lt1 N/mm. This is far below the normal ethylene vinyl acetate/glass interface values of >10 N/mm. We measure a wide range of adhesion strengths and suggest that adhesion measured under higher temperature and relative humidity conditions is more relevant for module reliability.

McMahon, T. J.; Jorgenson, G. J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Studies on the binding of 5-N-methylated quindoline derivative to human telomeric G-quadruplex  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research highlights: {yields} Hydrophobic interaction provided an important driving force for the interaction between ligand and G-quadruplex. {yields} Constrained water molecules were released from surface of G-tetrad upon the formation of the complex. {yields} The end-stacking mode for quindoline derivative was validated through UV-vis, ITC, steady-state, and time-resolved fluorescence experiment. {yields} The binding of compound 1 to quadruplex was found to be a temperature-dependent and enthalpy-entropy compensation process. -- Abstract: Quindoline derivatives as telomeric quadruplex ligands have shown good biological activity for telomerase inhibition. In the present study, we used spectroscopic and calorimetric methods to investigate the interactions between a quindoline derivative (5-methyl-11-(2-morpholinoethylamino)-10-H-indolo-[3,2-b]quinolin-5-ium iodide, compound 1) and human telomeric G-quadruplex. The thermodynamic studies using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) indicated that their binding process was temperature-dependent and enthalpy-entropy co-driven. The significant negative heat capacity was obtained experimentally from the temperature dependence of enthalpy changes, which was consistent with that from theoretical calculation, and all suggesting significant hydrophobic contribution to the molecular recognition process. Based on the results from UV-vis, ITC, steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence, their binding mode was determined as two ligand molecules stacking on the quartets on both ends of the quadruplex. These results shed light on rational design and development of quindoline derivatives as G-quadruplex binding ligands.

Xu, Wei; Tan, Jia-Heng; Chen, Shuo-Bin; Hou, Jin-Qiang; Li, Ding [School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006 (China)] [School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006 (China); Huang, Zhi-Shu, E-mail: ceshzs@mail.sysu.edu.cn [School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006 (China)] [School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006 (China); Gu, Lian-Quan, E-mail: cesglq@mail.sysu.edu.cn [School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006 (China)] [School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006 (China)

2011-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

411

Playas Grid Reliability and Distributed Energy Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The future looks bright for solar and renewable energies in the United States. Recent studies claim that by 2050, solar power could supply a third of all electricity demand in the country’s western states. Technology advances, soft policy changes, and increased energy consciousness will all have to happen to achieve this goal. But the larger question is, what would it take to do more throughout the United States? The studies tie future solar and renewable growth in the United States to programs that aim to lower the soft costs of solar adoption, streamline utility interconnections, and increase technology advances through research and development. At the state and local levels, the most important steps are: • Net metering: Net metering policies lets customers offset their electric bills with onsite solar and receive reliable and fair compensation for the excess electricity they provide to the grid. Not surprisingly, what utilities consider fair is not necessarily a rate that’s favorable to solar customers. • Renewable portfolio standards (RPS): RPS policies require utilities to provide a certain amount of their power from renewable sources; some set specific targets for solar and other renewables. California’s aggressive RPS1 of 33% renewable energy by 2020 is not bankrupting the state, or its residents. • Strong statewide interconnection policies: Solar projects can experience significant delays and hassles just to get connected to the grid. Streamlined feasibility and impact analysis are needed. Good interconnection policies are crucial to the success of solar or renewable energy development. • Financing options: Financing is often the biggest obstacle to solar adoption. Those obstacles can be surmounted with policies that support creative financing options like third-party ownership (TPO) and property assessed clean energy (PACE). Attesting to the significance of TPO is the fact that in Arizona, it accounted for 86% of all residential photovoltaic (PV) installations in Q1 20132. Policies beyond those at the state level are also important for solar. The federal government must play a role including continuation of the federal Investment tax credit,3 responsible development of solar resources on public lands, and support for research and development (R&D) to reduce the cost of solar and help incorporate large amounts of solar into the grid. The local level can’t be ignored. Local governments should support: solar rights laws, feed-in tariffs (FITs), and solar-friendly zoning rules. A great example of how effective local policies can be is a city like Gainesville, Florida4, whose FIT policy has put it on the map as a solar leader. This is particularly noteworthy because the Sunshine State does not appear anywhere on the list of top solar states, despite its abundant solar resource. Lancaster, California5, began by streamlining the solar permitting process and now requires solar on every new home. Cities like these point to the power of local policies, and the ability of local governments to get things done. A conspicuously absent policy is Community Choice energy6, also called community choice aggregation (CCA). This model allows local governments to pool residential, business, and municipal electricity loads and to purchase or generate on their behalf. It provides rate stability and savings and allows more consumer choice and local control. The model need not be focused on clean energy, but it has been in California, where Marin Clean Energy7, the first CCA in California, was enabled by a state law -- highlighting the interplay of state and local action. Basic net metering8 has been getting a lot of attention. Utilities are attacking it9 in a number of states, claiming it’s unfair to ratepayers who don’t go solar. On the other hand, proponents of net metering say utilities’ fighting stance is driven by worries about their bottom line, not concern for their customers. Studies in California10, Vermont11, New York12, and Texas13 have found that the benefits of net metering (like savings on investments

Romero, Van; Weinkauf, Don; Khan, Mushtaq; Helgeson, Wes; Weedeward, Kevin; LeClerc, Corey; Fuierer, Paul

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

412

Assessment of microelectronics packaging for high temperature, high reliability applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report details characterization and development activities in electronic packaging for high temperature applications. This project was conducted through a Department of Energy sponsored Cooperative Research and Development Agreement between Sandia National Laboratories and General Motors. Even though the target application of this collaborative effort is an automotive electronic throttle control system which would be located in the engine compartment, results of this work are directly applicable to Sandia`s national security mission. The component count associated with the throttle control dictates the use of high density packaging not offered by conventional surface mount. An enabling packaging technology was selected and thermal models defined which characterized the thermal and mechanical response of the throttle control module. These models were used to optimize thick film multichip module design, characterize the thermal signatures of the electronic components inside the module, and to determine the temperature field and resulting thermal stresses under conditions that may be encountered during the operational life of the throttle control module. Because the need to use unpackaged devices limits the level of testing that can be performed either at the wafer level or as individual dice, an approach to assure a high level of reliability of the unpackaged components was formulated. Component assembly and interconnect technologies were also evaluated and characterized for high temperature applications. Electrical, mechanical and chemical characterizations of enabling die and component attach technologies were performed. Additionally, studies were conducted to assess the performance and reliability of gold and aluminum wire bonding to thick film conductor inks. Kinetic models were developed and validated to estimate wire bond reliability.

Uribe, F.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Reliable Networking Infrastructures A Brief Overview of Research in Reliable Networking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute FOKUS, Berlin ++ www.fokus.fraunhofer.de/go/innovation ++ 11­2009 #12;Security Reliable Networking structure (RNI) Group Launched by Dr.Yacine Rebahi and Dragos Ving arzan at Fraunhofer FOKUS. Senior at the Fraunhofer FOKUS competence center NGNI. Prior to joining FOKUS in 2002, he worked at Ericsson in Voice over

Wichmann, Felix

414

Review of Quantitative Software Reliability Methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licensing process for digital systems rests on deterministic engineering criteria. In its 1995 probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) policy statement, the Commission encouraged the use of PRA technology in all regulatory matters to the extent supported by the state-of-the-art in PRA methods and data. Although many activities have been completed in the area of risk-informed regulation, the risk-informed analysis process for digital systems has not yet been satisfactorily developed. Since digital instrumentation and control (I&C) systems are expected to play an increasingly important role in nuclear power plant (NPP) safety, the NRC established a digital system research plan that defines a coherent set of research programs to support its regulatory needs. One of the research programs included in the NRC's digital system research plan addresses risk assessment methods and data for digital systems. Digital I&C systems have some unique characteristics, such as using software, and may have different failure causes and/or modes than analog I&C systems; hence, their incorporation into NPP PRAs entails special challenges. The objective of the NRC's digital system risk research is to identify and develop methods, analytical tools, and regulatory guidance for (1) including models of digital systems into NPP PRAs, and (2) using information on the risks of digital systems to support the NRC's risk-informed licensing and oversight activities. For several years, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) has worked on NRC projects to investigate methods and tools for the probabilistic modeling of digital systems, as documented mainly in NUREG/CR-6962 and NUREG/CR-6997. However, the scope of this research principally focused on hardware failures, with limited reviews of software failure experience and software reliability methods. NRC also sponsored research at the Ohio State University investigating the modeling of digital systems using dynamic PRA methods. These efforts, documented in NUREG/CR-6901, NUREG/CR-6942, and NUREG/CR-6985, included a functional representation of the system's software but did not explicitly address failure modes caused by software defects or by inadequate design requirements. An important identified research need is to establish a commonly accepted basis for incorporating the behavior of software into digital I&C system reliability models for use in PRAs. To address this need, BNL is exploring the inclusion of software failures into the reliability models of digital I&C systems, such that their contribution to the risk of the associated NPP can be assessed.

Chu, T.L.; Yue, M.; Martinez-Guridi, M.; Lehner, J.

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

415

POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP: DIGITAL HUMANITIES AND NEW MEDIA The Institute for Women's and Gender Studies (IWGS) at the University of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP: DIGITAL HUMANITIES AND NEW MEDIA The Institute for Women's and Gender in Digital Humanities and New Media starting as soon as possible, and lasting up to two years. The successful Postdoctoral Fellow will consult and collaborate with faculty members on digital and new media projects. S

Martin, Jeff

416

APIC'95, El Paso, Extended Abstracts, A Supplement to the international journal of Reliable Computing 1 Functional Programming and Interval  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

increases. Nowadays, software already controls nuclear plants, weapons, etc. Human lives, and even to guarantee reliability is to test a pro­ gram for all possible cases. Usually, there are many possible inputs, so testing all of them is always dif­ ficult, and most of the time practically impossible. If we test

Kreinovich, Vladik

417

RELIABILITY STUDY OF POWER RF LDMOS DEVICES UNDER THERMAL STRESS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a physical simulation software (Silvaco-Atlas, 2D) to confirm qualitatively degradation phenomena. 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

418

Case Study: Fuel Cells Increase Reliability at First National...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

primary power to its data center in Omaha, Nebraska. In more than 89,000 hours of operation through October 2009, the system is estimated to have reduced heating bills by more...

419

Increasing positive displacement charging pump reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of positive displacement pumps in many PWRs is an integral part of providing reactivity control via the Chemical and Volume Control system. This usually requires the continuous operation of at least one pump, typically with a flow rate of 44 gpm {at} 2,310 psig (167 lpm {at} 160 bar). Some PWRs use multiple pumps, and vary the letdown, while others use variable speed pumps. Regardless, the charging pumps run continuously. With the amount of reciprocating mass, differential pressure, and friction, it is a battle to maintain the pumps in peak operating condition for long periods of time. This paper will show how Entergy Operations` Waterford 3 SES was able to increase the reliability of the positive displacement Charging Pumps. Many different solutions were evaluated, and several adopted. The results are undeniable, as availability has increased and O and M costs have been reduced by 90% over 6 years.

Wade, J.H. III [Entergy Operations, Inc., Killona, LA (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Reliability analysis of steel-containment strength  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A best estimate and uncertainty assessment of the resistance of the St. Lucie, Cherokee, Perry, WPPSS and Browns Ferry containment vessels was performed. The Monte Carlo simulation technique and second moment approach were compared as a means of calculating the probability distribution of the containment resistance. A uniform static internal pressure was used and strain ductility was taken as the failure criterion. Approximate methods were developed and calibrated with finite element analysis. Both approximate and finite element analyses were performed on the axisymmetric containment structure. An uncertainty assessment of the containment strength was then performed by the second moment reliability method. Based upon the approximate methods, the cumulative distribution for the resistance of each of the five containments (shell modes only) is presented.

Greimann, L.G.; Fanous, F.; Wold-Tinsae, A.; Ketalaar, D.; Lin, T.; Bluhm, D.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Reliable noninvasive measurement of blood gases  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to methods and apparatus for, preferably, determining non-invasively and in vivo at least two of the five blood gas parameters (i.e., pH, [HCO.sub.3.sup.- ], PCO.sub.2, PO.sub.2, and O.sub.2 sat.) in a human.

Thomas, Edward V. (Albuquerque, NM); Robinson, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Haaland, David M. (Albuquerque, NM); Alam, Mary K. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1997-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

422

Reliability and validity of brief psychosocial measures related to dietary behaviors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as: Norman et al. , Reliability and validity of brief46. 31. Shrout PE: Measurement reliability and agreement inRESEARCH Open Access Reliability and validity of brief

Norman, Gregory J; Carlson, Jordan A; Sallis, James F; Wagner, Nicole; Calfas, Karen J; Patrick, Kevin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing system reliability Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

reliability Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: assessing system reliability Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Reliability Based...

424

Reliability-based framework for fatigue damage prognosis of bonded structural elements in aerospace composite structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H. Asada, and S. Ito, Reliability of aircraft structuresH.O. Madsen, Structural reliability methods , Wiley, WestH. Asada, and S. Ito, Reliability of aircraft structures

Gobbato, Maurizio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Reliability-based characterization of prefabricated FRP composites for rehabilitation of concrete structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Material Variability in Reliability Analysis of FRPStatistical Analysis of Reliability and Life-Testing Models,SE 224: Structural Reliability and Risk Analysis, Course

Jin, Sung-Jun

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Investigation of the Role of Trap States in Solar Cell Reliability using Photothermal Deflection Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of PV materials Reliability of photovoltaic materials isof photovoltaic (PV) technologies. PV reliability andPhotovoltaic’s Properties and Characterization .. 9 1.5. Degradation and Reliability

Bezryadina, Anna Sergeyevna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Extending the human controller methodology in systems- Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traditional hazard analysis techniques are grounded in reliability theory and analyze the human controller-if at all-in terms of estimated or calculated probabilities of failure. Characterizing sub-optimal human performance ...

Thornberry. Cameron L. (Cameron Louis)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

On the evaluation of human error probabilities for post-initiating events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantification of human error probabilities (HEPs) for the purpose of human reliability assessment (HRA) is very complex. Because of this complexity, the state of the art includes a variety of HRA models, each with its own ...

Presley, Mary R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

A Comparative Study on Human Embryonic Stem Cell Patent Law in the United States, the European Patent Organization, and China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the recent developments in biotechnology, associated patent law issues have been a growing concern since the 1980s. Among all the subcategories within the general field of biotechnology, human embryonic stem cell ...

Zhu, Huan

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

430

Towards Human Energy Expenditure Estimation Using Smart Phone Inertial Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to reliably estimate energy expenditure (EE). Direct calorimetry [5] measures the heat produced by human bodyTowards Human Energy Expenditure Estimation Using Smart Phone Inertial Sensors Bozidara Cvetkovi´c1 human energy expenditure during sport and normal daily ac- tivities. The paper presents technical

LuÂ?trek, Mitja

431

Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years: Oral history of physician James S. Robertson, M.D., Ph.D., conducted January 20, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a transcript of in interview of Dr. James S. Robertson by representatives of the DOE Office of Human Radiation Experiments. Dr. Robertson was chosen for this interview because of his research at Brookhaven National Laboratory, especially on Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT); his work at the United States Naval Defense Laboratory; and his work at the Atomic Energy Commission. After a brief biographical sketch Dr. Robertson discusses research on human subjects at Berkeley, his contributions to the beginnings of Neutron Capture Therapy at Brookhaven, his participation with the Brookhaven Human Use Committee, his involvement in the study of the effects of Castle Bravo event on the Marshallese, and his work with the Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years: Oral history of cell biologist Don Francis Petersen, Ph.D., conducted November 29, 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a transcript of an interview of Dr. Don Francis Petersen by representatives of the US DOE Office of Human Radiation Experiments. Dr. Petersen was selected for this interview because of his long research career at Los Alamos and his knowledge of the Atomic Energy Commission`s biomedical program. Dr. Petersen did not personally conduct research on human subjects. After a brief biographical sketch Dr. Petersen discusses his remembrances of the early use of radionuclides as biological tracers, aspects of nuclear weapons testing in the 1940`s and 1950`s including fallout studies, the means by which research projects were approved, use of humans in the whole-body counter, and the Health Division Biomedical responsibilities.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Load Response Fundamentally Matches Power System Reliability Requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Responsive load is the most underutilized reliability resource available to the power system. Loads are frequently barred from providing the highest value and most critical reliability services; regulation and spinning reserve. Advances in communications and control technology now make it possible for some loads to provide both of these services. The limited storage incorporated in some loads better matches their response capabilities to the fast reliability-service markets than to the hourly energy markets. Responsive loads are frequently significantly faster and more accurate than generators, increasing power system reliability. Incorporating fast load response into microgrids further extends the reliability response capabilities that can be offered to the interconnected power system. The paper discusses the desired reliability responses, why this matches some loads' capabilities, what the advantages are for the power system, implications for communications and monitoring requirements, and how this resource can be exploited.

Kirby, Brendan J [ORNL] [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Self-Reliability and Motivation in a Nuclear Security Culture Enhancement Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The threat of nuclear terrorism has become a global concern. Many countries continue to make efforts to strengthen nuclear security by enhancing systems of nuclear material protection, control, and accounting (MPC&A). Though MPC&A systems can significantly upgrade nuclear security, they do not eliminate the “human factor.” Gen. Eugene Habiger, a former “Assistant Secretary for Safeguards and Security” at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) nuclear-weapons complex and a former commander of U.S. strategic nuclear forces, has observed that “good security is 20% equipment and 80% people.”1 Although eliminating the “human factor” is not possible, accounting for and mitigating the risk of the insider threat is an essential element in establishing an effective nuclear security culture. This paper will consider the organizational role in mitigating the risk associated with the malicious insider through monitoring and enhancing human reliability and motivation as well as enhancing the nuclear security culture.

Crawford, Cary E.; de Boer, Gloria; De Castro, Kara; Landers, John; Rogers, Erin

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

High reliability plastic packaging for microelectronics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Goal was Assembly Test Chips (ATCs) which could be used for evaluating plastic encapsulation technologies. Circuits were demonstrated for measuring Au-Al wirebond and Al metal corrosion failure rates during accelerated temperature and humidity testing. The test circuits on the ATC02.5 chip were very sensitive to extrinsic or processing induced failure rates. Accelerated aging experiments were conducted with unpassivated triple track Al structures on the ATC02.6 chip; the unpassivated tracks were found to be very sensitive to particulate contamination. Some modifications to existing circuitry were suggested. The piezoresistive stress sensing circuitry designed for the ATC04 test chip was found suitable for determining the change in the state of mechanical stress at the die when both initial and final measurements were made near room temperature (RT). Attempt to measure thermal stress between RT and a typical polymer glass transition temperature failed because of excessive die resistor- substrate leakage currents at the high temperature end; suitable circuitry changes were developed to overcome this problem. One temperature and humidity experiment was conducted with Sandia developed static radom access memory parts to examine non-corrosion CMOS failures; this objective was not achieved, but corrosion failure at the metal to Si contacts on the die surface could be detected. This 2-year effort resulted in new designs for test circuits which could be used on an advanced ATC for reliability assessment in Defense Programs electronics development projects.

Sweet, J.N.; Peterson, D.W.; Hsia, A.H.; Tuck, M.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Defect localization, characterization and reliability assessment in emerging photovoltaic devices.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microsystems-enabled photovoltaics (MEPV) can potentially meet increasing demands for light-weight, portable, photovoltaic solutions with high power density and efficiency. The study in this report examines failure analysis techniques to perform defect localization and evaluate MEPV modules. CMOS failure analysis techniques, including electroluminescence, light-induced voltage alteration, thermally-induced voltage alteration, optical beam induced current, and Seabeck effect imaging were successfully adapted to characterize MEPV modules. The relative advantages of each approach are reported. In addition, the effects of exposure to reverse bias and light stress are explored. MEPV was found to have good resistance to both kinds of stressors. The results form a basis for further development of failure analysis techniques for MEPVs of different materials systems or multijunction MEPVs. The incorporation of additional stress factors could be used to develop a reliability model to generate lifetime predictions for MEPVs as well as uncover opportunities for future design improvements.

Yang, Benjamin Bing-Yeh; Cruz-Campa, Jose Luis; Haase, Gad S.; Tangyunyong, Paiboon; Cole, Edward Isaac,; Okandan, Murat; Nielson, Gregory N.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Reliability and validity of the Premie-Neuro in detecting early neurodevelopmental delay and disability in preterm infants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are few reliable and valid methods available for clinicians to assess the functional neurological status of the preterm infant. In this study, we set out to determine whether the Premie-Neuro, a new standardized clinical neurological...

Gagnon, Kendra

2009-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

438

Thermal Stress and Reliability for Advanced Power Electronics...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

D.C. ape017okeefe2010o.pdf More Documents & Publications Thermal Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces Physics of Failure of Electrical Interconnects Thermal Stress...

439

SciTech Connect: Improved Wind Turbine Drivetrain Reliability...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Improved Wind Turbine Drivetrain Reliability using a Combined Experimental, Computational, and Analytical Approach (Presentation) Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...

440

Optimization Online - Assessing the reliability of general-purpose ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Apr 3, 2014 ... Assessing the reliability of general-purpose Inexact Restoration methods. E. G. Birgin(egbirgin ***at*** ime.usp.br) L. F. Bueno(lfelipebueno ...

E. G. Birgin

2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Thermal Stress and Reliability for Advanced Power Electronics...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Washington D.C. ape14okeefe.pdf More Documents & Publications Thermal Stress and Reliability for Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machines Power Electronic Thermal...

442

Joint transmission system projects to improve system reliability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

County PUD, 425-783-8444 Joint transmission system projects to improve system reliability First major regional electric grid improvements in decades prepare the area for the...

443

Physics-Based Stress Corrosion Cracking Component Reliability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics-Based Stress Corrosion Cracking Component Reliability Model cast in an R7-Compatible Cumulative Damage Framework Draft Report Supporting Technology Inputs to the Risk-...

444

Electro-thermal-mechanical Simulation and Reliability for Plug...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Electro-thermal-mechanical Simulation and Reliability for Plug-in Vehicle Converters and Inverters Electro-thermal-mechanical Simulation...

445

Manufacturing Metrology for c-Si Module Reliability/Durabiltiy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Manufacturing Metrology for c-Si Module ReliabilityDurability Marianne P. Rodgers Marianne P. Rodgers Ashwani Kaul Kristopher O. Davis Neelkanth G. Dhere Hubert...

446

Forward Capacity Markets: Maintaining Grid Reliability in Europe.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The liberalization process of the electricity industry in many countries leads to new rules and new challenges for the grid management. System reliability is… (more)

Chaigneau, Matthieu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Power Electronics Reliability Kick Off Meeting ? Silicon Power...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Validated Through Broad Use Boating Defense Machine Tool Wind Energy Semiconductors Health Care 2 Project Goals * Better understand the current and future reliability of...

448

Improved Wind Turbine Drivetrain Reliability using a Combined...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IMPROVED WIND TURBINE DRIVETRAIN RELIABILITY USING A COMBINED EXPERIMENTAL, COMPUTATIONAL, AND ANALYTICAL APPROACH Yi Guo 1,* , Roger Bergua 2 , Jeroen van Dam 1 , Jordi Jove 2 ,...

449

Imprecise reliability by evidential networks Christophe SIMON and Philippe WEBER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Imprecise reliability by evidential networks Christophe SIMON and Philippe WEBER October 3, 2008 to adequately tell variability from imprecision. Many representations exist C. Simon and Ph. Weber

Boyer, Edmond

450

Competition and Reliability in North American Electricity Markets...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Blackout 2003: Electric System Working Group Technical Conference - Comments and Recommendations Competition and Reliability in North American Energy Markets: Issue Paper Synopses...

451

Competition and Reliability in North American Energy Markets...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Markets: Issue Paper Synopses Competition and Reliability in North American Energy Markets: Issue Paper Synopses Jack Casazza, Frank Delea, and George Loehr argue that...

452

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Experimental Data Overview & Analysis (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation details how wind turbine gearboxes fail to meet 20-year design life and how the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) is addressing the challenges.

Oyague, F.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Office of Electricity Delivery And Energy Reliability To Hold...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office of Electricity Delivery And Energy Reliability To Hold Technical Conference On The Design Of Future Electric Transmission Office of Electricity Delivery And Energy...

454

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, OE-20  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9 January, 2012 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, OE-20 U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue SW Washington, DC 20585 Greetings: The Wyoming...

455

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

& Internships Funding Opportunities Information Center Contact Us Energy.gov Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC...

456

NREL Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Analysis Round Robin: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Gearbox Reliability Collaborative is working to determine the causes and loading conditions that result in the premature failure of wind turbine gearboxes.

Oyague, F.; Butterfield, C. P.; Sheng, S.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Smart Grid: Creating Jobs while Delivering Reliable,Environmentally...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Smart Grid: Creating Jobs while Delivering Reliable, Environmentally-friendly Energy Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2017)...

458

Chisel: Reliability-and Accuracy-Aware Optimization of Approximate Computational Kernels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chisel: Reliability- and Accuracy-Aware Optimization of Approximate Computational Kernels Sasa produces and the corre- sponding fully accurate result. The reliability of the computation performance, exhibit reduced reliability and/or accuracy. We present Chisel, a system for reliability

Suresh, Subra

459

Reliability in Comparative and Ethnographic Observations: The Example of High Inference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability in Comparative and Ethnographic Observations: The Example of High Inference Father 92697 ABSTRACT: The theory of reliability and reliability estimates, nearly a century old, has rarely the reliabilities of composite measurement scales combining multiple measures, of individual independent

White, Douglas R.

460

Integrating Photovoltaic Inverter Reliability into Energy Yield Estimation with Markov Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrating Photovoltaic Inverter Reliability into Energy Yield Estimation with Markov Models@illinois.edu Abstract-- Markov reliability models to estimate Photovoltaic (PV) inverter reliability of the inverters. Keywords-Photovoltaic energy conversion, Markov reliability models, utility-interactive inverters

Liberzon, Daniel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Interrater Agreement and Reliability of Observed Behaviors: Comparing Percentage Agreement, Kappa, Correlation Coefficient, ICC and G Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERRATER AGREEMENT AND RELIABILITY OF OBSERVED BEHAVIORS: COMPARING PERCENTAGE AGREEMENT, KAPPA, CORRELATION COEFFICIENT, ICC AND G THEORY A Thesis by QIAN CAO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... 2013 Major Subject: Educational Psychology Copyright 2013 Qian Cao ii ABSTRACT The study of interrater agreement and itnerrater reliability attract extensive attention, due to the fact that the judgments from multiple raters...

Cao, Qian

2013-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

462

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Project Report: Findings from Phase 1 and Phase 2 Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative's work at NREL to increase the reliability of wind turbine gearboxes.

Link, H.; LaCava, W.; van Dam, J.; McNiff, B.; Sheng, S.; Wallen, R.; McDade, M.; Lambert, S.; Butterfield, S.; Oyague, F.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Evaluation of systems specified to work at a high level of reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluation of Systems Specified. to Mork at a High Level of Reliability. (August 1974) I Luc Perrouin, Ingenieur civil des Telecommunications Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. H. 0. Hartley In order to evaluate the reliability of a system to a high... to express my sincerest appreciation and gratitude to Dr. H. 0. Hartley for his patience and understanding during the course of this research and for his invaluable help during my year of study at Texas AQ4 University. I am s1so thankfu1 to the members...

Perrouin, Luc Victor

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

464

Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years. Oral history of Biochemist Waldo E. Cohn, Ph.D.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In September 1994, the Department of Energy began an oral history project as part of the Openess initiative on the documentation of the human radiation experiments. This paper presents the oral history of Waldo E Cohn, Ph.D., a Biochemist who worked for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Manhattan Project.

NONE

1995-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

465

Structural study of the interaction between poxvirus-encoded cc chemokine inhibitor vcci and human mip-1beta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

poxvirus since the early 1990’s (88), the function of this protein was unveiled in 1997 by Craig A. Smith and co-workers (85). These researchers used an 12 epitope-tagged soluble form of vCCI from variola virus (the causative agent of human small pox...

Zhang, Li

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

466

MARKETS FOR REACTIVE POWER AND RELIABILITY: A WHITE PAPER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MARKETS FOR REACTIVE POWER AND RELIABILITY: A WHITE PAPER Engineering and Economics of Electricity Research Group (E3 RG) CORNELL UNIVERSITY E3 RG contributing authors: Robert Thomas, Director the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and in part by the National Science

467

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY 1 Optimal Maintenance Strategies for Wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from sensors, our research objective is to derive an optimal observation and preventive maintenance TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY 3 ACRONYMS NA no action PM preventive maintenance OB observation CM correctiveIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY 1 Optimal Maintenance Strategies for Wind Turbine Systems Under

Ntaimo, Lewis

468

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative High Speed Shaft Tapered Roller Bearing Calibration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) is a project investigating gearbox reliability primarily through testing and modeling. Previous dynamometer testing focused upon acquiring measurements in the planetary section of the test gearbox. Prior to these tests, the strain gages installed on the planetary bearings were calibrated in a load frame.

Keller, J.; Guo, Y.; McNiff, B.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Dynamically Quantifying and Improving the Reliability of Distributed Storage Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamically Quantifying and Improving the Reliability of Distributed Storage Systems Rekha Bachwani-scale storage systems can be significantly improved by using bet- ter reliability metrics and more efficient on a distributed storage system based on erasure codes. We find that MinI improves relia- bility significantly

Bianchini, Ricardo

470

Maximizing Service Reliability in Distributed Computing Systems with Random Node  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximizing Service Reliability in Distributed Computing Systems with Random Node Failures: Theory Member, IEEE Abstract--In distributed computing systems (DCSs) where server nodes can fail permanently with nonzero probability, the system performance can be assessed by means of the service reliability, defined

Hayat, Majeed M.

471

A summary of North American HVDC converter station reliability specifications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability (RAM) specifications that were issued for thyristor based HVDC converter stations in service in North America. A total of twenty project specifications are summarized. A detailed summary by project is shown with specific quantitative requirements categorized. Definitions of terms, representative design principles, and formulas used in calculating RAM parameters contained in existing reliability specifications are presented.

Vancers, I. (ABB Power Systems Inc., Los Angeles, CA (United States)); Hormozi, F.J. (Los Angeles Dept. of Water and Power, CA (United States))

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

UNCORRECTED Reliability analysis of hybrid ceramic/steel gun barrels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNCORRECTED PROOF Reliability analysis of hybrid ceramic/steel gun barrels M. GRUJICIC1 , J. R-5069, USA Received in final form 25 February 2002 AB ST R AC T Failure of the ceramic gun-barrel lining probability for the lining is also discussed. Keywords failure; gun-barrel lining; reliability; thermo

Grujicic, Mica

473

Assessing the reliability of linear dynamic transformer thermal modelling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessing the reliability of linear dynamic transformer thermal modelling X. Mao, D.J. Tylavsky and G.A. McCulla Abstract: Improving the utilisation of transformers requires that the hot-spot and top. An alternative method for assessing transformer model reliability is provided. 1 Introduction The maximally

474

Time-domain Fatigue Response and Reliability Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbines with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time-domain Fatigue Response and Reliability Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbines with Emphasis of offshore wind turbines Defense: 09.12.2012 2012 - : Structural Engineer in Det Norske Veritas (DNV) 2007 of the drive train of an on-land wind turbine under dynamic wind loads. The main tasks of this study are to

Nørvåg, Kjetil

475

Response to Comment on "Reliability of a Commercial Kit to Test Groundwater for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Response to Comment on "Reliability of a Commercial Kit to Test Groundwater for Arsenic field kit continue to be used to test well water for arsenic throughout Bangladesh (1, 2): (1) our study stance on testing with field kits. Was the Evaluation Representative? We believe that comparing

van Geen, Alexander

476

Geosynthetics International, 2004, 11, No. 3 Reliability-based stability analysis considering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of uncertainty in geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) shear strength on landfill stability is evaluated in this studyGeosynthetics International, 2004, 11, No. 3 Reliability-based stability analysis considering GCL to safety factors typically used in geotechnical practice. KEYWORDS: Geosynthetics, Design, GCL internal

Zornberg, Jorge G.

477

Determining the validity and reliability of the cultural awareness and beliefs inventory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the Cultural Awareness and Beliefs Inventory (CABI). The CABI consist of forty-six items that measures urban teachers� cultural awareness and beliefs on a Likert-type four...

Roberts-Walter, Patricia Fay

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

478

On the Characterization and Optimization of On-Chip Cache Reliability against Soft Errors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

--Soft errors induced by energetic particle strikes in on-chip cache memories have become an increasing challenge in designing new generation reliable microprocessors. Previous efforts have exploited information. In this paper, we propose a new framework for conducting comprehensive studies and characterization

Ziavras, Sotirios G.

479

Tracking the Reliability of the U.S. Electric Power System: An Assessment of Publicly Available Information Reported to State Public Utility Commissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large blackouts, such as the August 14-15, 2003 blackout in the northeasternUnited States and Canada, focus attention on the importance of reliable electric service. As public and private efforts are undertaken to improve reliability and prevent power interruptions, it is appropriate to assess their effectiveness. Measures of reliability, such as the frequency and duration of power interruptions, have been reported by electric utilities to state public utility commissions for many years. This study examines current state and utility practices for collecting and reporting electricity reliability information and discusses challenges that arise in assessing reliability because of differences among these practices. The study is based primarily on reliability information for 2006 reported by 123 utilities to 37 state public utility commissions.

LaCommare, Kristina H.; Eto, Joseph H.

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

480

Wind turbine reliability : a database and analysis approach.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US wind Industry has experienced remarkable growth since the turn of the century. At the same time, the physical size and electrical generation capabilities of wind turbines has also experienced remarkable growth. As the market continues to expand, and as wind generation continues to gain a significant share of the generation portfolio, the reliability of wind turbine technology becomes increasingly important. This report addresses how operations and maintenance costs are related to unreliability - that is the failures experienced by systems and components. Reliability tools are demonstrated, data needed to understand and catalog failure events is described, and practical wind turbine reliability models are illustrated, including preliminary results. This report also presents a continuing process of how to proceed with controlling industry requirements, needs, and expectations related to Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, and Safety. A simply stated goal of this process is to better understand and to improve the operable reliability of wind turbine installations.

Linsday, James (ARES Corporation); Briand, Daniel; Hill, Roger Ray; Stinebaugh, Jennifer A.; Benjamin, Allan S. (ARES Corporation)

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human reliability studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Systems reliability analysis for the national ignition facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Reliability, Availability and Maintainability (RAM) analysis was initiated for the National Ignition Facility (NIF). The NIF is an inertial confinement fusion research facility designed to achieve controlled thermonuclear reaction; the preferred site for the NIF is the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The NIF RAM analysis has three purposes: (1) to allocate top level reliability and availability goals for the systems, (2) to develop an operability model for optimum maintainability, and (3) to determine the achievability of the allocated goals of the RAM parameters for the NIF systems and the facility operation as a whole. An allocation model assigns the reliability and availability goals for front line and support systems by a top-down approach; reliability analysis uses a bottom-up approach to determine the system reliability and availability from component level to system level.

Majumdar, K.C.; Annese, C.E.; MacIntyre, A.T.; Sicherman, A.

1996-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

482

The Use Of Computational Human Performance Modeling As Task Analysis Tool  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During a review of the Advanced Test Reactor safety basis at the Idaho National Laboratory, human factors engineers identified ergonomic and human reliability risks involving the inadvertent exposure of a fuel element to the air during manual fuel movement and inspection in the canal. There were clear indications that these risks increased the probability of human error and possible severe physical outcomes to the operator. In response to this concern, a detailed study was conducted to determine the probability of the inadvertent exposure of a fuel element. Due to practical and safety constraints, the task network analysis technique was employed to study the work procedures at the canal. Discrete-event simulation software was used to model the entire procedure as well as the salient physical attributes of the task environment, such as distances walked, the effect of dropped tools, the effect of hazardous body postures, and physical exertion due to strenuous tool handling. The model also allowed analysis of the effect of cognitive processes such as visual perception demands, auditory information and verbal communication. The model made it possible to obtain reliable predictions of operator performance and workload estimates. It was also found that operator workload as well as the probability of human error in the fuel inspection and transfer task were influenced by the concurrent nature of certain phases of the task and the associated demand on cognitive and physical resources. More importantly, it was possible to determine with reasonable accuracy the stages as well as physical locations in the fuel handling task where operators would be most at risk of losing their balance and falling into the canal. The model also provided sufficient information for a human reliability analysis that indicated that the postulated fuel exposure accident was less than credible.

Jacuqes Hugo; David Gertman

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

CERTS: Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions - Research Highlights  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Historically, the U.S. electric power industry was vertically integrated, and utilities were responsible for system planning, operations, and reliability management. As the nation moves to a competitive market structure, these functions have been disaggregated, and no single entity is responsible for reliability management. As a result, new tools, technologies, systems, and management processes are needed to manage the reliability of the electricity grid. However, a number of simultaneous trends prevent electricity market participants from pursuing development of these reliability tools: utilities are preoccupied with restructuring their businesses, research funding has declined, and the formation of Independent System Operators (ISOs) and Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) to operate the grid means that control of transmission assets is separate from ownership of these assets; at the same time, business uncertainty, and changing regulatory policies have created a climate in which needed investment for transmission infrastructure and tools for reliability management has dried up. To address the resulting emerging gaps in reliability R&D, CERTS has undertaken much-needed public interest research on reliability technologies for the electricity grid. CERTS' vision is to: (1) Transform the electricity grid into an intelligent network that can sense and respond automatically to changing flows of power and emerging problems; (2) Enhance reliability management through market mechanisms, including transparency of real-time information on the status of the grid; (3) Empower customers to manage their energy use and reliability needs in response to real-time market price signals; and (4) Seamlessly integrate distributed technologies--including those for generation, storage, controls, and communications--to support the reliability needs of both the grid and individual customers.

Eto, Joseph

2003-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

484

Nuclear Computerized Library for Assessing Reactor Reliability (NUCLARR). Version 3.5, Quick Reference Guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Reference Guide contains instructions on how to install and use Version 3.5 of the NRC-sponsored Nuclear Computerized Library for Assessing Reactor Reliability (NUCLARR). The NUCLARR data management system is contained in compressed files on the floppy diskettes that accompany this Reference Guide. NUCLARR is comprised of hardware component failure data (HCFD) and human error probability (HEP) data, both of which are available via a user-friendly, menu driven retrieval system. The data may be saved to a file in a format compatible with IRRAS 3.0 and commercially available statistical packages, or used to formulate log-plots and reports of data retrieval and aggregation findings.

Gilbert, B.G.; Richards, R.E.; Reece, W.J.; Gertman, D.I.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Human-system Interfaces for Automatic Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Automation is ubiquitous in modern complex systems, and commercial nuclear- power plants are no exception. Automation is applied to a wide range of functions including monitoring and detection, situation assessment, response planning, and response implementation. Automation has become a 'team player' supporting personnel in nearly all aspects of system operation. In light of its increasing use and importance in new- and future-plants, guidance is needed to conduct safety reviews of the operator's interface with automation. The objective of this research was to develop such guidance. We first characterized the important HFE aspects of automation, including six dimensions: levels, functions, processes, modes, flexibility, and reliability. Next, we reviewed literature on the effects of all of these aspects of automation on human performance, and on the design of human-system interfaces (HSIs). Then, we used this technical basis established from the literature to identify general principles for human-automation interaction and to develop review guidelines. The guidelines consist of the following seven topics: automation displays, interaction and control, automation modes, automation levels, adaptive automation, error tolerance and failure management, and HSI integration. In addition, our study identified several topics for additional research.

OHara, J.M.; Higgins,J. (BNL); Fleger, S.; Barnes V. (NRC)

2010-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

486

Robust Design of Reliability Test Plans Using Degradation Measures.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With short production development times, there is an increased need to demonstrate product reliability relatively quickly with minimal testing. In such cases there may be few if any observed failures. Thus, it may be difficult to assess reliability using the traditional reliability test plans that measure only time (or cycles) to failure. For many components, degradation measures will contain important information about performance and reliability. These measures can be used to design a minimal test plan, in terms of number of units placed on test and duration of the test, necessary to demonstrate a reliability goal. Generally, the assumption is made that the error associated with a degradation measure follows a known distribution, usually normal, although in practice cases may arise where that assumption is not valid. In this paper, we examine such degradation measures, both simulated and real, and present non-parametric methods to demonstrate reliability and to develop reliability test plans for the future production of components with this form of degradation.

Lane, Jonathan Wesley; Lane, Jonathan Wesley; Crowder, Stephen V.; Crowder, Stephen V.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Reliable noninvasive measurement of blood gases  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatus for, preferably, determining noninvasively and in vivo at least two of the five blood gas parameters (i.e., pH, PCO.sub.2, [HCO.sub.3.sup.- ], PO.sub.2, and O.sub.2 sat.) in a human. The non-invasive method includes the steps of: generating light at three or more different wavelengths in the range of 500 nm to 2500 nm; irradiating blood containing tissue; measuring the intensities of the wavelengths emerging from the blood containing tissue to obtain a set of at least three spectral intensities v. wavelengths; and determining the unknown values of at least two of pH, [HCO.sub.3.sup.- ], PCO.sub.2 and a measure of oxygen concentration. The determined values are within the physiological ranges observed in blood containing tissue. The method also includes the steps of providing calibration samples, determining if the spectral intensities v. wavelengths from the tissue represents an outlier, and determining if any of the calibration samples represents an outlier. The determination of the unknown values is performed by at least one multivariate algorithm using two or more variables and at least one calibration model. Preferably, there is a separate calibration for each blood gas parameter being determined. The method can be utilized in a pulse mode and can also be used invasively. The apparatus includes a tissue positioning device, a source, at least one detector, electronics, a microprocessor, memory, and apparatus for indicating the determined values.

Thomas, Edward V. (Albuquerque, NM); Robinson, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Haaland, David M. (Albuquerque, NM); Alam, Mary K. (Albuquerque, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years: Oral history of radiologist Hymer L. Friedell, M.D., Ph.D., conducted January 28, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NThis report is a transcript of an interview with Hymer L. Friedell by representatives of the US DOE Office of Human Radiation Experiments. Dr. Friedell was selected for this interview because of his participation in the early stages of the medical use of radioisotopes, his important role in the Manhattan Engineer District Medical Division, and his distinguished medical career and his involvement in the distribution of isotopes and the approval for their use in humans. After a brief biographical sketch Dr. Friedell discusses his remembrances on a wide range of subjects. Topics discussed include pre-war radiation therapy, information provided to patients, the Army Medical Corps and the Manhattan Project, his work at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, inspection visits of Manhattan Project facilities and proposed sites, Plutonium injection studies, and actions of the AEC Isotope Distribution Committee.

Fisher, D.; Melamed, E.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

RELIABILITY OF WIND POWER FROM DISPERSED SITES: A PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON METHODOLOGY: FROM WIND POWER FREQUENCY TO LOSS-OF-LOADJ.P. , "Some Aspects of Wind Power Statistics, " J. of Appl.SŁCTION Reliability of Wind Power From Dispersed Sites: A Pr

Kahn, E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Reliability in layered networks with random link failures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider network reliability in layered networks where the lower layer experiences random link failures. In layered networks, each failure at the lower layer may lead to multiple failures at the upper layer. We generalize ...

Lee, Kayi

491

Request for Information: Photovoltaic Reliability and Durability Research and Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) – Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) seeks feedback from industry, academia, research laboratories, government agencies, and other stakeholders on issues related to solar photovoltaic (PV) reliability and durability research and development.

492

Reliability improvement project decision making : water cooling system redesign  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deciding on which reliability & performance improvement projects to launch or to reject has historically been an extremely challenging responsibility of Teradyne management. Incorrect decisions can lead to major customer ...

Devine, Paul (Paul S.)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

A reliability assessment methodology for distribution systems with distributed generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability assessment is of primary importance in designing and planning distribution systems that operate in an economic manner with minimal interruption of customer loads. With the advances in renewable energy sources, Distributed Generation (DG...

Duttagupta, Suchismita Sujaya

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

494

Dave, Corbus, Energy Reliability in a Changing Landscape  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Reliability in a Changing Landscape Dave Corbus Laboratory Program Manager, Electricity Systems Federal U )lity P artnership Working G roup M ee)ng January 1 415 th , 2 014...

495

Steve, Kiesner, Energy Reliability in a Changing Landscape  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Reliability in a Changing L andscape Steve K iesner D irector, N ational Customer M arkets Edison E lectric I nstitute FUPWG January 1 4, 2 014 Industry Infrastructure...

496

Travel Time Reliability: Its Measurement and Prediction | ornl...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Success Stories Contact Us Index Home | ORNL | Events and Conferences Travel Time Reliability: Its Measurement and Prediction Apr 02 2014 10:00 AM - 11:00 AM George List, North...

497

FFTF (Fast Flux Test Facility) reactor shutdown system reliability reevaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reliability analysis of the Fast Flux Test Facility reactor shutdown system was reevaluated. Failure information based on five years of plant operating experience was used to verify original reliability numbers or to establish new ones. Also, system modifications made subsequent to performance of the original analysis were incorporated into the reevaluation. Reliability calculations and sensitivity analyses were performed using a commercially available spreadsheet on a personal computer. The spreadsheet was configured so that future failures could be tracked and compared with expected failures. A number of recommendations resulted from the reevaluation including both increased and decreased surveillance intervals. All recommendations were based on meeting or exceeding existing reliability goals. Considerable cost savings will be incurred upon implementation of the recommendations.

Pierce, B.F.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Multi-hazard Reliability Assessment of Offshore Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A probabilistic framework is developed to assess the structural reliability of offshore wind turbines. Probabilistic models are developed to predict the deformation, shear force and bending moment demands on the support structure of wind turbines...

Mardfekri Rastehkenari, Maryam 1981-

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

499

Automatic Reconfiguration for Large-Scale Reliable Storage Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Byzantine-fault-tolerant replication enhances the availability and reliability of Internet services that store critical state and preserve it despite attacks or software errors. However, existing Byzantine-fault-tolerant ...

Rodrigues, Rodrigo

500

Some optimization problems in power system reliability analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the transformer is proposed where mathematical equations relating maintenance practice and equipment lifetime and cost are derived. The closed-form expressions insightfully explain how the transformer parameters relate to reliability. This mathematical model...

Jirutitijaroen, Panida

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z